Science.gov

Sample records for moor merje toome

  1. OTEC mooring technology

    SciTech Connect

    Shields, D.R.; Wendt, R.L.; Johnson, B.A.

    1982-12-01

    This report summarizes existing technology for mooring components which may be suitable for OTEC use. Due to the platform size, depth of water, and length of design life required for an operational OTEC plant, only large and high capacity mooring components were investigated. The report contains engineering, test, and manufacturer's data on wire rope, synthetic rope (nylon, polyester and Kevlar), anchors, deck fittings and machinery, and design concepts for tension leg platform mooring systems. A significant portion of the effort was directed to the assessment of synthetic rope technology and its application to moorings.

  2. Ode to Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilbert, Nancy Corrigan

    2011-01-01

    Best known for his monumental abstract sculptures of reclining figures, Henry Moore's forms are generally pierced or have a hollow space within them. Some say that these "organic undulating forms" are reminiscent of the landscape of his home in Yorkshire, England. Moore was a giant in the world of sculpture and his large cast bronzes and marble…

  3. Ode to Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilbert, Nancy Corrigan

    2011-01-01

    Best known for his monumental abstract sculptures of reclining figures, Henry Moore's forms are generally pierced or have a hollow space within them. Some say that these "organic undulating forms" are reminiscent of the landscape of his home in Yorkshire, England. Moore was a giant in the world of sculpture and his large cast bronzes and marble…

  4. OCGen Module Mooring Project

    SciTech Connect

    McEntee, Jarlath

    2015-02-06

    Ocean Renewable Power Company's OCGen Module Mooring Project provided an extensive research, design, development, testing and data collection effort and analysis conducted with respect to a positively buoyant, submerged MHK device secured to the seabed using a tensioned mooring system. Different analytic tools were evaluated for their utility in the design of submerged systems and their moorings. Deployment and testing of a prototype OCGen® system provided significant data related to mooring line loads and system attitude and station keeping. Mooring line loads were measured in situ and reported against flow speeds. The Project made a significant step in the development of designs, methodologies and practices related to floating and mooring of marine hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. Importantly for Ocean Renewable Power Company, the Project provided a sound basis for advancing a technically and commercially viable OCGen® Power System. The OCGen® Power System is unique in the MHK industry and, in itself, offers distinct advantages of MHK devices that are secured to the seabed using fixed structural frames. Foremost among these advantages are capital and operating cost reductions and increased power extraction by allowing the device to be placed at the most energetic level of the water column.

  5. Interview with David Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossman, Allan; Dietz, E. Jacquelin; Moor, David

    2013-01-01

    David Moore is Professor Emeritus of Statistics at Purdue University. He served as the first President of the International Association for Statistical Education (IASE) from 1993-1995 and as President of the American Statistical Association (ASA) in 1998. He is a Fellow of the ASA and of the IMS and was awarded the ASA's Founders Award in…

  6. Computing beyond Moore's Law

    SciTech Connect

    Shalf, John M.; Leland, Robert

    2015-12-01

    Here, photolithography systems are on pace to reach atomic scale by the mid-2020s, necessitating alternatives to continue realizing faster, more predictable, and cheaper computing performance. If the end of Moore's law is real, a research agenda is needed to assess the viability of novel semiconductor technologies and navigate the ensuing challenges.

  7. Interview with David Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossman, Allan; Dietz, E. Jacquelin; Moor, David

    2013-01-01

    David Moore is Professor Emeritus of Statistics at Purdue University. He served as the first President of the International Association for Statistical Education (IASE) from 1993-1995 and as President of the American Statistical Association (ASA) in 1998. He is a Fellow of the ASA and of the IMS and was awarded the ASA's Founders Award in…

  8. Computing beyond Moore's Law

    DOE PAGES

    Shalf, John M.; Leland, Robert

    2015-12-01

    Here, photolithography systems are on pace to reach atomic scale by the mid-2020s, necessitating alternatives to continue realizing faster, more predictable, and cheaper computing performance. If the end of Moore's law is real, a research agenda is needed to assess the viability of novel semiconductor technologies and navigate the ensuing challenges.

  9. Charlotte Moore Sitterly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rubin, Vera C.

    2010-07-01

    Charlotte Moore Sitterly was a scientist in an era when it was rare for a woman to have the opportunity to devote her life to forefront science. Following her graduation from Swarthmore College in 1920, she accepted a position at Princeton University as an assistant to Henry Norris Russell. In 1925 she started a study of the solar spectrum. She could then not know that she would devote much of her scientific career to gathering basic atomic data that are invaluable to the scientific community, even today. In 1931 she obtained a Ph.D. degree at the University of California, Berkeley, and returned to Princeton as a staff member of the Princeton University Observatory. In 1945 Moore moved to the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), to supervise preparation of the widely-used tables of atomic energy levels. Following the successful launching (1946) of a V2 rocket to obtain the ultraviolet spectrum of the Sun, she started working also with Richard Tousey and his group at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). Ultimately, they extended the solar spectrum down to 2200 angstroms. She continued her affiliations with both the NBS and the NRL until her death in 1990. Charlotte Moore was a rare scientist who devoted her career to obtaining accurate numbers, thus enabling the scientific community to open her tables and know that the data are reliable.

  10. Mooring apparatus for floating vessels

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, C.A.; Lucker, L.H. Jr.

    1984-05-08

    A mooring apparatus for a semi-submersible oil exploration and drilling rig includes eight drum anchor hoists and winches on which are carried eight wire rope mooring lines. Each of these lines extends up over one of eight head sheaves and vertically down the outside face of the oil rig through a fairleader rotatably mounted with respect to the rig at a bottom submerged portion thereof. A linear line pull machine is mounted to the rig in encompassing relation to each of the vertical runs of mooring line between the head sheave and the fairleader. These eight mooring line assemblies are distributed around the periphery of the rig. Two mooring lines extend at 90/sup 0/ from each other at each corner of the rig. At least one hydraulic power unit is provided for each two of these mooring line assemblies, and air and hydraulic control means are provided utilizing power from this power unit selectively to: (1) reel out and reel in on the mooring lines when low line forces are involved using the anchor hoist; (2) to exert extremely high forces at slow speeds when necessary to set anchors attached to outer ends of the mooring lines and to positively hold the rig against the upward buoyant effect of the rig's pontoons; or (3) to operatively disassociate the linear pull machines from the mooring lines so that the mooring lines can be reeled outwardly at very high speeds.

  11. Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class and the anchored Toom interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barkema, G. T.; Ferrari, P. L.; Lebowitz, J. L.; Spohn, H.

    2014-10-01

    We revisit the anchored Toom interface and use Kardar-Parisi-Zhang scaling theory to argue that the interface fluctuations are governed by the Airy1 process with the role of space and time interchanged. The predictions, which contain no free parameter, are numerically well confirmed for space-time statistics in the stationary state. In particular, the spatial fluctuations of the interface computed numerically agree well with those given by the GOE edge distribution of Tracy and Widom [Commun. Math. Phys. 177, 727 (1996), 10.1007/BF02099545].

  12. Moored offshore structures - evaluation of forces in elastic mooring lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crudu, L.; Obreja, D. C.; Marcu, O.

    2016-08-01

    In most situations, the high frequency motions of the floating structure induce important effects in the mooring lines which affect also the motions of the structure. The experience accumulated during systematic experimental tests and calculations, carried out for different moored floating structures, showed a complex influence of various parameters on the dynamic effects. Therefore, it was considered that a systematic investigation is necessary. Due to the complexity of hydrodynamics aspects of offshore structures behaviour, experimental tests are practically compulsory in order to be able to properly evaluate and then to validate their behaviour in real sea. Moreover the necessity to carry out hydrodynamic tests is often required by customers, classification societies and other regulatory bodies. Consequently, the correct simulation of physical properties of the complex scaled models becomes a very important issue. The paper is investigating such kind of problems identifying the possible simplification, generating different approaches. One of the bases of the evaluation has been found consideringtheresults of systematic experimental tests on the dynamic behaviour of a mooring chain reproduced at five different scales. Dynamic effects as well as the influences of the elasticity simulation for 5 different scales are evaluated together. The paper presents systematic diagrams and practical results for a typical moored floating structure operating as pipe layer based on motion evaluations and accelerations in waves.

  13. Lash Transported Anchor for a Tanker Mooring.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    comparable catenary - moored terminal facility is estimated to require an installation time of about 14 days. A Single Anchor Leg Mooring for the OBFS...installing the anchor. A maximum horizontal force of 222 kips (from model tests) on a catenary moored 50,000-dwt tanker in 65 ft water depth with a 4...completed in less than 7 days. A comparable catenary -moored terminal facility is estimated to required an installation time of about 14 days

  14. Reconsidering Moore's Transactional Distance Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giossos, Yiannis; Koutsouba, Maria; Lionarakis, Antonis; Skavantzos, Kosmas

    2009-01-01

    One of the core theories of distance education is Michael Graham Moore's "Theory of Transactional Distance" that provides the broad framework of the pedagogy of distance education and allows the generation of almost infinite number of hypotheses for research. However, the review of the existing studies relating to the theory showed the use of a…

  15. Development of moored oceanographic spectroradiometer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Booth, Charles R.; Mitchell, B. Greg; Holm-Hansen, O.

    1987-01-01

    Biospherical Instruments has successfully completed a NASA sponsored SBIR (Small Business Innovational Research Program) project to develop spectroradiometers capable of being deployed in the ocean for long periods of time. The completion of this project adds a valuable tool for the calibration of future spaceborne ocean color sensors and enables oceanographers to extend remote sensing optical techniques beyond the intermittent coverage of spaceborne sensors. Highlights of the project include two moorings totalling 8 months generating extensive sets of optical, biological, and physical data sets in the ocean off La Jolla, California, and a 70 day operational deployment of the resulting commercial product by the ONR and NASA sponsored BIOWATT program. Based on experience gained in these moorings, Biospherical Instruments has developed a new line of spectroradiometers designed to support the oceanographic remote sensing missions of NASA, the Navy, and various oceanographers.

  16. Moore's Law and Numerical Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voller, V. R.; Porté-Agel, F.

    2002-07-01

    An estimate of the rate of increase in numerical simulation grid sizes with time is obtained by counting the grids (measured in terms of number of node points) reported in the nine volumes of an established proceedings on the numerical modeling of solidification phenomena dating back to 1980. It is shown that the largest grids used in a given year increase at a rate consistent with the well-known Moore's law on computing power, i.e., the number of nodes in the grids double every 18 months. From this observation, approximate bounds on the available grid size in a current year are established. This approximation is used to provide projections as to when, assuming Moore's law continues to hold, direct simulations of physical phenomena, which resolve to the smallest scale present, will be achievable.

  17. Air Deployed Oceanographic Mooring (ADOM).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-08-01

    Ocean Electronic Applications, Inc. Naval Air Development Center 50 W. Mashta Drive, 44, Key Biscayne , F. 33149 Warminster, PA 18974 Summ ary program...or in the bomb bay . Dimensions were limited to tution (Mooring Mechanics). The University of Miami 330 cm (130 in.) in length, 71 cm (28 in.) in dia... Biscayne , Florida. Data was tele- attaching the ADOM to the cross. The 1981 deployment metered over a three day period. The data is demon- was only

  18. 46 CFR 184.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 184.300 Section 184.300... Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored or moored. The ground tackle and mooring lines provided must...

  19. 46 CFR 184.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 184.300 Section 184.300... Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored or moored. The ground tackle and mooring lines provided must be...

  20. 46 CFR 184.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 184.300 Section 184.300... Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored or moored. The ground tackle and mooring lines provided must be...

  1. 46 CFR 184.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 184.300 Section 184.300... Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored or moored. The ground tackle and mooring lines provided must be...

  2. 33 CFR 62.35 - Mooring buoys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED STATES AIDS TO NAVIGATION SYSTEM The U.S. Aids to Navigation System § 62.35 Mooring buoys. Mooring... identification and to avoid confusion with aids to navigation....

  3. 33 CFR 62.35 - Mooring buoys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED STATES AIDS TO NAVIGATION SYSTEM The U.S. Aids to Navigation System § 62.35 Mooring buoys. Mooring... identification and to avoid confusion with aids to navigation....

  4. 33 CFR 62.35 - Mooring buoys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED STATES AIDS TO NAVIGATION SYSTEM The U.S. Aids to Navigation System § 62.35 Mooring buoys. Mooring... identification and to avoid confusion with aids to navigation....

  5. 33 CFR 62.35 - Mooring buoys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED STATES AIDS TO NAVIGATION SYSTEM The U.S. Aids to Navigation System § 62.35 Mooring buoys. Mooring... identification and to avoid confusion with aids to navigation....

  6. 33 CFR 62.35 - Mooring buoys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION UNITED STATES AIDS TO NAVIGATION SYSTEM The U.S. Aids to Navigation System § 62.35 Mooring buoys. Mooring... identification and to avoid confusion with aids to navigation....

  7. It's Time to Redefine Moore's Law Again

    DOE PAGES

    DeBenedictis, Erik P.

    2017-02-06

    The familiar story of Moore's law is actually inaccurate. Here, this article corrects the story, leading to different projections for the future. Moore's law is a fluid idea whose definition changes over time. It thus doesn't have the ability to "end," as is popularly reported, but merely takes different forms as the semiconductor and computer industries evolve.

  8. 33 CFR 401.43 - Mooring table.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mooring table. 401.43 Section 401.43 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Seaway Navigation § 401.43 Mooring table. Unless...

  9. Certification of offshore mooring steel wire ropes

    SciTech Connect

    Lohne, P.W.

    1996-12-31

    The trend to produce oil in increasingly deeper water has led to the development of floating production solutions for the exploitation of the energy resources in these areas. It is a fact that steel wire ropes have been used and are being proposed as line segments in the majority of the mooring systems of these units/ships. This paper specifies requirements for the materials, design, manufacture and testing of large diameter offshore mooring steel wire ropes and may serve as a technical reference document in contractual matters between the purchaser and the manufacturer. Typical applications covered are permanently moored floating production systems (FPS), offshore loading systems and mobile offshore units.

  10. 46 CFR 121.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 121.300 Section 121.300... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment § 121.300 Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely...

  11. 46 CFR 121.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 121.300 Section 121.300... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment § 121.300 Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored...

  12. 46 CFR 121.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 121.300 Section 121.300... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment § 121.300 Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored...

  13. 46 CFR 121.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 121.300 Section 121.300... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment § 121.300 Ground tackle and mooring lines. A vessel must be fitted with ground tackle and mooring lines necessary for the vessel to be safely anchored...

  14. 49 CFR 176.178 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY VESSEL Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Handling Class 1 (explosive) Materials in Port § 176.178 Mooring...

  15. 49 CFR 176.178 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY VESSEL Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Handling Class 1 (explosive) Materials in Port § 176.178 Mooring...

  16. 49 CFR 176.178 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY VESSEL Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Handling Class 1 (explosive) Materials in Port § 176.178 Mooring...

  17. 49 CFR 176.178 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY VESSEL Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Handling Class 1 (explosive) Materials in Port § 176.178 Mooring...

  18. Beyond moore computing research challenge workshop report.

    SciTech Connect

    Huey, Mark C.; Aidun, John Bahram

    2013-10-01

    We summarize the presentations and break out session discussions from the in-house workshop that was held on 11 July 2013 to acquaint a wider group of Sandians with the Beyond Moore Computing research challenge.

  19. Sustaining Moore's law with 3D chips

    DOE PAGES

    DeBenedictis, Erik P.; Badaroglu, Mustafa; Chen, An; ...

    2017-08-01

    Here, rather than continue the expensive and time-consuming quest for transistor replacement, the authors argue that 3D chips coupled with new computer architectures can keep Moore's law on its traditional scaling path.

  20. Optimization of FPGA-based Moore FSM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barkalov, Aleksander; Titarenko, Larysa; Chmielewski, Sławomir

    2014-10-01

    A metod is proposed for hardware reduction in FPGA-based Moore FSM. It is based on using two sources of codes. It reduces the number of LUTs in the FSM circuit. The results of investigations are shown.

  1. Deep Water Single Point Mooring Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-09-10

    Technology E-1 Introduction This Appendix provides design and performance information for various types of tension members which might be used as mooring...TTINwSC.6OI AD-A286 939 Inulun Deep Water Single Point Mooring Design John F. Flory Henry A. McKenna Tension Technology International, Inc. 9...ORGANIZATIONJ (if appdicable) Tension Technology International J Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division Sc. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code

  2. A fresh approach to mooring production vessels

    SciTech Connect

    Graney, D.P.

    1993-07-01

    Designers of floating production vessels (FPV) for the development of marginal and deep water oil fields are learning to consider a new kind of mooring system that makes use of a linear chain puller for mooring such vessels - instead of relying on the traditional chain windlass or wire rope systems. FPVs require a system that provides passive yet high capacity mooring capability. Such a system is in conflict with weight restrictions and the available deck space needed for production equipment. In order to achieve maximum operating cost efficiencies, field developers are demanding that the deck load of floating production vessels be increased with various production equipment and that deck space be freed up to accommodate such increased loading. Consequently, a need has arisen for a new kind of mooring system that cuts back on the valuable space that would otherwise be required to accommodate bulky chain windlasses while at the same time achieves savings in weight. For certain applications, linear chain tensioning systems offer significant advantages in terms of weight and deck space. Careful analysis that considers such variables as environmental loading, water depth, and likely dynamic behavior of the vessel will allow proper selection of the mooring system, whether it be wire rope, chain windlass, or the new linear chain tensioner.

  3. Linear chain tensioning of moored production vessels

    SciTech Connect

    Peters, B. )

    1993-04-01

    As need for development of marginal and deepwater oil fields grows, demand increases for floating production vessels (FPVs) such as floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) units; spread-moored production semi-submersibles; and turret-moored production vessels. The FPV may be purpose-built; or an existing vessel such as an exploration drilling semi-sub or ship-shape vessel may be modified to suit the purpose. In either case, requirements for tensioning systems for the mooring lines on the FPV are quite unique, and are not without the potential for problems when traditional chain windlasses or wire rope systems are employed. This two-part article discusses the range of available technologies and systems for tensioning mooring lines on FPVs. It examines problems of size, weight and safety associated with some available designs; and it considers in detail a specific family of new units. Part 1, presented here, discusses the FPV market, worldwide potential locations and different requirements and evolution of the linear puller concept. The three principal types of chain jack systems - hollow ram, single cylinder and twin cylinders - are introduced and illustrated. And advantages of this relatively new form of passive mooring tensioning are outlined.

  4. The Cole-Moore Effect: Still Unexplained?

    PubMed

    Hoshi, Toshinori; Armstrong, Clay M

    2015-10-06

    In the first issue, on the first page of the Biophysical Journal in 1960, Cole and Moore provided the first confirmation of the Hodgkin and Huxley formulation of the sodium and potassium conductances that underlie the action potential. In addition, working with the squid giant axon, Cole and Moore noted that strong hyperpolarization preceding a depolarizing voltage-clamp pulse delayed the rise of the potassium conductance: once started, the time course of the rise was always the same but after significant hyperpolarization there was a long lag before the rise began. This phenomenon has come to be known as the Cole-Moore effect. Their article examines and disproves the hypothesis that the lag reflects the time required to refill the membrane with potassium ions after the ions are swept out of the membrane into the axoplasm by hyperpolarization. The work by Cole and Moore indirectly supports the idea of a membrane channel for potassium conductance. However, the mechanism of the Cole-Moore effect remains a mystery even now, buried in the structure of the potassium channel, which was completely unknown at the time. Copyright © 2015 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The Cole-Moore Effect: Still Unexplained?

    PubMed Central

    Hoshi, Toshinori; Armstrong, Clay M.

    2015-01-01

    In the first issue, on the first page of the Biophysical Journal in 1960, Cole and Moore provided the first confirmation of the Hodgkin and Huxley formulation of the sodium and potassium conductances that underlie the action potential. In addition, working with the squid giant axon, Cole and Moore noted that strong hyperpolarization preceding a depolarizing voltage-clamp pulse delayed the rise of the potassium conductance: once started, the time course of the rise was always the same but after significant hyperpolarization there was a long lag before the rise began. This phenomenon has come to be known as the Cole-Moore effect. Their article examines and disproves the hypothesis that the lag reflects the time required to refill the membrane with potassium ions after the ions are swept out of the membrane into the axoplasm by hyperpolarization. The work by Cole and Moore indirectly supports the idea of a membrane channel for potassium conductance. However, the mechanism of the Cole-Moore effect remains a mystery even now, buried in the structure of the potassium channel, which was completely unknown at the time. PMID:26445430

  6. The design and analysis of mooring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yixuan

    2017-05-01

    In this paper, the force status and a design method of single chain mooring system for shallow sea observation network are studied. With treating the link of a chain, steel drum and steel pipe as a rigid body, the recurrence model is established by using Newton's first law and the law of Moment equilibrium theorem. Via the simplified calculation of dichotomy searching, we determine the design parameters of mooring system, such as anchor model, anchor chain length, heavy ball quality under different water flow and wind conditions. We apply MATLAB to simulate the internal steady state of the system in the fixed scheme, water depth of buoy and swimming area to meet the decision-making needs, providing an idea for the actual scheme design of mooring system.

  7. TIDAL TURBULENCE SPECTRA FROM A COMPLIANT MOORING

    SciTech Connect

    Thomson, Jim; Kilcher, Levi; Richmond, Marshall C.; Talbert, Joe; deKlerk, Alex; Polagye, Brian; Guerra, Maricarmen; Cienfuegos, Rodrigo

    2013-06-13

    A compliant mooring to collect high frequency turbulence data at a tidal energy site is evaluated in a series of short demon- stration deployments. The Tidal Turbulence Mooring (TTM) improves upon recent bottom-mounted approaches by suspend- ing Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters (ADVs) at mid-water depths (which are more relevant to tidal turbines). The ADV turbulence data are superior to Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data, but are subject to motion contamination when suspended on a mooring in strong currents. In this demonstration, passive stabilization is shown to be sufficient for acquiring bulk statistics of the turbulence, without motion correction. With motion cor- rection (post-processing), data quality is further improved; the relative merits of direct and spectral motion correction are dis- cussed.

  8. Mooring and ground handling rigid airships

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walker, H., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    The problems of mooring and ground handling rigid airships are discussed. A brief history of Mooring and Ground Handling Rigid Airships from July 2, 1900 through September 1, 1939 is included. Also a brief history of ground handling developments with large U. S. Navy nonrigid airships between September 1, 1939 and August 31, 1962 is included wherein developed equipment and techniques appear applicable to future large rigid airships. Finally recommendations are made pertaining to equipment and procedures which appear desirable and feasible for future rigid airship programs.

  9. OTEC mooring system development: recent accomplishments. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Ross, J.M.; Wood, W.A.

    1981-10-01

    The mooring system for a floating OTEC platform consists of a seafloor foundation, a platform foundation, and a connecting line. This paper introduces the OTEC mooring system with a brief historical overview, reviews developmental work accomplished during the past year, and then presents a new look at life cycle costs for an example mooring system. Since June 1980, a significant effort within the OTEC Program has been directed toward the further development of mooring systems. The effort has included work leading to a better understanding of anchoring capabilities and problems, refinement of an existing mooring analytical model, a review of OTEC past mooring designs, and the production of a mooring system technology development plan. A major finding of the past year was a new upward estimate of mooring system lifetime costs as a result of downward-revised estimates of wire rope service life.

  10. 33 CFR 401.44 - Mooring in locks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mooring in locks. 401.44 Section 401.44 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Seaway Navigation § 401.44 Mooring in locks. (a) Mooring...

  11. 46 CFR 121.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 121.300 Section 121.300 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment § 121.300 Ground tackle and mooring lines....

  12. 33 CFR 401.10 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 mm for wire line and not greater than 60 mm for approved synthetic lines; (3) Be fitted with a... 1.8 m long spliced eye for approved synthetic lines; (4) Have sufficient strength to check the... certified and a test certificate for each mooring line containing information on breaking strength, material...

  13. 33 CFR 401.10 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 mm for wire line and not greater than 64 mm for approved synthetic lines; (3) Be fitted with a... 1.8 m long spliced eye for approved synthetic lines; (4) Have sufficient strength to check the... certified and a test certificate for each mooring line containing information on breaking strength, material...

  14. 33 CFR 401.10 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 mm for wire line and not greater than 64 mm for approved synthetic lines; (3) Be fitted with a... 1.8 m long spliced eye for approved synthetic lines; (4) Have sufficient strength to check the... certified and a test certificate for each mooring line containing information on breaking strength, material...

  15. 33 CFR 401.10 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 mm for wire line and not greater than 60 mm for approved synthetic lines; (3) Be fitted with a... 1.8 m long spliced eye for approved synthetic lines; (4) Have sufficient strength to check the... certified and a test certificate for each mooring line containing information on breaking strength, material...

  16. In the Style of Henry Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes an art project inspired by Henry Moore's sculptures. This project consists of two activities. In the first activity, students select, sand and stain a wood block that would become a base for their plaster sculpture. This activity would keep the students independently engaged (classroom management) while the…

  17. Evolutionary Excesses: A Response to Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Stephen M.

    2002-01-01

    The physicist Edward Teller once gave an interview to a woman from a popular science magazine. He began the interview by saying, "You have heard many bad things about the Hydrogen Bomb. Now I am going to tell you some nice things about it." In reflecting upon a response to Dr. Randy Moore, the author thought of Teller, seeing his role here in…

  18. Evolutionary Excesses: A Response to Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Stephen M.

    2002-01-01

    The physicist Edward Teller once gave an interview to a woman from a popular science magazine. He began the interview by saying, "You have heard many bad things about the Hydrogen Bomb. Now I am going to tell you some nice things about it." In reflecting upon a response to Dr. Randy Moore, the author thought of Teller, seeing his role here in…

  19. In the Style of Henry Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes an art project inspired by Henry Moore's sculptures. This project consists of two activities. In the first activity, students select, sand and stain a wood block that would become a base for their plaster sculpture. This activity would keep the students independently engaged (classroom management) while the…

  20. 33 CFR 401.10 - Mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 mm for wire line and not greater than 60 mm for approved synthetic lines; (3) Be fitted with a hand spliced eye or Flemish type mechanical spliced eye of not less than 2.4 m long for wire lines and... by an officer, vessels greater than 150 m shall only use wire mooring lines with a breaking strength...

  1. The structure of the microbial communities in low-moor and high-moor peat bogs of Tomsk oblast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobrovol'skaya, T. G.; Golovchenko, A. V.; Kukharenko, O. S.; Yakushev, A. V.; Semenova, T. A.; Inisheva, L. A.

    2012-03-01

    The number, structure, and physical state of the microbial communities in high-moor and low-moor peat bogs were compared. Distinct differences in these characteristics were revealed. The microbial biomass in the high-moor peat exceeded that in the low-moor peat by 2-9 times. Fungi predominated in the high-moor peat, whereas bacteria were the dominant microorganisms in the low-moor peat. The micromycetal complexes of the high-moor peat were characterized by a high portion of dark-colored representatives; the complexes of the low-moor peat were dominated by fast-growing fungi. The species of the Penicillum genus were dominant in the high-moor peat; the species of Trichoderma were abundant in the low-moor peat. In the former, the bacteria were distinguished as minor components; in the latter, they predominated in the saprotrophic bacterial complex. In the high-moor peat, the microorganisms were represented by bacilli, while, in the low-moor peat, by cytophages, myxobacteria, and actinobacteria. The different physiological states of the bacteria in the studied objects reflecting the duration of the lag phase and the readiness of the metabolic system to consume different substrates were demonstrated for the first time. The relationships between the trophic characteristics of bacterial habitats and the capacity of the bacteria to consume substrates were established.

  2. Motion response of a moored buoy in waves

    SciTech Connect

    Chen Xiaohong; Huang Xianglu

    1996-12-31

    The motion responses of a moored buoy in both regular and irregular waves were analyzed in frequency domain by the perturbation method up to second order. The couple between the mooring line and buoy was considered in the analysis. For the second order motion, the second order forces induced by the mooring line were determined by a method proposed by authors. The coupling between the mooring line and buoy was determined by the requirement of the continuity of the mooring line and buoy at the attach point. The problem was solved numerically. Examples of calculation results were given in the paper. Comparison between calculated results and model measurement is satisfactory.

  3. Nonlinear response of floating buoys with hydro-elastic moors

    SciTech Connect

    Idris, K.; Leonard, J.W.; Yim, S.C.S.

    1996-12-31

    A time-domain model was developed to predict the response of a moored buoy subject to hydrodynamic loadings. External loadings on the buoy include hydrodynamic forces, mooring tension, wind loading and weight. A coupled analysis of the interaction of a buoy and its mooring is included and three-dimensional response is assumed. System nonlinearities include, large translational motions of the buoy and mooring line, large rotations of the mooring line and non-conservative fluid loadings. Numerical examples and experimental results are compared to contrast the validity and capability of the formulations and solution techniques.

  4. The Deep Sea Moorings Fishbite Problem

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    teeth marks The second mooring was set in the fall of 1964. Wood and asbestos board panels were attached at Figure 4. Shark attack on current meter set...only be tentative until more (Figure 4) sharks will even attack an entire uniform coverage has been obtained. instrument case. Of the total number...recorded fisbites: those who implicated in attacks upon moo-ing lines andspent most of their time at or near the surface instruments. Sharks have been

  5. Project Execution Plan for 1978 SQUAW Mooring.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-09-01

    34 o STRONGBACK 100 KIP (3 EA.) NDBC o RELEASE ELECTRONICS * INTERSTATE ELECTRONICS CORP. o RELEASE RINGS (6 EA.) AMF *aMASTER RELEASE LINK (8 EA...CROSBY (MFR) FLASHING LIGHTS (2 EA.) OCEI SQUAW NIGHT TIME MARKER BUOY ASSY. (2 EA.) PWC, S. D. SQUAW - MOORED DEPTH ELECTRONIC PINGER PACKAGE NOSC, S. D...lights will be rigged for use during night operations. These lights are not to be used while the SQUAW is being towed. An electronics package will be

  6. A NANO enhancement to Moore's law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Jerry; Shen, Yin-Lin; Reinhardt, Kitt; Szu, Harold

    2012-06-01

    In the past 46 years, Intel Moore observed an exponential doubling in the number of transistors in every 18 months through the size reduction of individual transistor components since 1965. In this paper, we are exploring the nanotechnology impact upon the Law. Since we cannot break down the atomic size barrier, the fact implies a fundamental size limit at the atomic or Nanotechnology scale. This means, no more simple 18 month doubling as in Moore's Law, but other forms of transistor doubling may happen at a different slope in new directions. We are particularly interested in the Nano enhancement area. (i) 3-D: If the progress in shrinking the in-plane dimensions (2D) is to slow down, vertical integration (3D) can help increasing the areal device transistor density and keep us on the modified Moore's Law curve including the 3rd dimension. As the devices continue to shrink further into the 20 to 30 nm range, the consideration of thermal properties and transport in such nanoscale devices becomes increasingly important. (ii) Carbon Computing: Instead of traditional Transistors, the other types of transistors material are rapidly developed in Laboratories Worldwide, e.g. IBM Spintronics bandgap material and Samsung Nano-storage material, HD display Nanotechnology, which are modifying the classical Moore's Law. We shall consider the overall limitation of phonon engineering, fundamental information unit 'Qubyte' in quantum computing, Nano/Micro Electrical Mechanical System (NEMS), Carbon NanoTubes (CNTs), single layer Graphemes, single strip Nano-Ribbons, etc., and their variable degree of fabrication maturities for the computing and information processing applications.

  7. Peak mooring forces in the horizontal interlaced multi-layered moored floating pipe breakwater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mane, Vishwanath; Rajappa, Sacchi; Rao, Subba; Vittal, Hegde A.

    2011-06-01

    Present study aims to investigate the influence of relative breakwater width W/L (W=width of breakwater, L=wavelength), wave steepness Hi/gT2 (Hi=incident wave height, T=wave period) and relative wave height d/W (d=water depth) on forces in the moorings of horizontal interlaced multi-layered moored floating pipe breakwater (HIMMFPB) model. Studies were conducted on scaled down physical models having three layers of Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) pipes, wave steepness Hi/gT2 varying from 0.063 to 0.849, relative width W/L varying from 0.4 to 2.65 and relative spacing S/D=2 (S=horizontal centre-to-centre spacing of pipes, D=diameter of pipes). Peak mooring forces were also measured and data collected is analyzed by plotting non-dimensional graphs depicting variation of fs/γW2 (fs=Sea side Mooring force, γ=specific weight of water) & fl/γW2 (fl=Lee side Mooring force) with Hi/gT2 for d/W varying from 0.082 to 0.276 and also variation of fs/γW2 and fl/γW2 with W/L for Hi/d varying from 0.06 to 0.400.

  8. Charlotte Moore Sitterly: A Life of Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rubin, Vera C.

    2010-01-01

    Dr. Charlotte Moore Sitterly was a scientist in an era when it was rare for a woman to have the opportunity to devote her life to forefront science. Following her graduation from Swarthmore College in 1920, she accepted a position at Princeton University as an assistant to Henry Norris Russell. In 1925 she started a study of the solar spectrum. She could then not know that she would devote much of her scientific career to gathering basic atomic data that are invaluable to the scientific community, even today. In 1931 she obtained a PhD degree at U. California, Berkeley, and returned to Princeton as a staff member of the Princeton University Observatory. In 1945 she moved to the National Bureau of Science (NBS), to supervise preparation of the widely used tables of atomic energy levels. Following the successful lunching (1946) of a V2 rocket to obtain the ultra violet spectrum of the sun, Moore started working with Richard Tousey and his group at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). Ultimately, they extended the solar spectrum down to 2200 angstroms. She continued her affiliations with NBS and NRL until her death in 1990. Charlotte Moore was rare scientist who devoted her career to obtaining accurate numbers, thus enabling the scientific community to open her tables and know that the data are accurate.

  9. Mooring Line Damping Estimation for a Floating Wind Turbine

    PubMed Central

    Qiao, Dongsheng; Ou, Jinping

    2014-01-01

    The dynamic responses of mooring line serve important functions in the station keeping of a floating wind turbine (FWT). Mooring line damping significantly influences the global motions of a FWT. This study investigates the estimation of mooring line damping on the basis of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 MW offshore wind turbine model that is mounted on the ITI Energy barge. A numerical estimation method is derived from the energy absorption of a mooring line resulting from FWT motion. The method is validated by performing a 1/80 scale model test. Different parameter changes are analyzed for mooring line damping induced by horizontal and vertical motions. These parameters include excitation amplitude, excitation period, and drag coefficient. Results suggest that mooring line damping must be carefully considered in the FWT design. PMID:25243231

  10. Mooring line damping estimation for a floating wind turbine.

    PubMed

    Qiao, Dongsheng; Ou, Jinping

    2014-01-01

    The dynamic responses of mooring line serve important functions in the station keeping of a floating wind turbine (FWT). Mooring line damping significantly influences the global motions of a FWT. This study investigates the estimation of mooring line damping on the basis of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 MW offshore wind turbine model that is mounted on the ITI Energy barge. A numerical estimation method is derived from the energy absorption of a mooring line resulting from FWT motion. The method is validated by performing a 1/80 scale model test. Different parameter changes are analyzed for mooring line damping induced by horizontal and vertical motions. These parameters include excitation amplitude, excitation period, and drag coefficient. Results suggest that mooring line damping must be carefully considered in the FWT design.

  11. Predicting mooring system fatigue life by probabilistic methods

    SciTech Connect

    Saders, D.R.; Dominguez, R.F.; Ho, K.C.; Lai, N.W.

    1983-05-01

    Failure of moored structures from accumulated fatigue damage in shackles, connecting links, chain and wire rope components is common. When systems will be deployed for long periods, it is especially important to determine at the design, inspection and maintenance stages the fatigue damage. Since slack moored structures behave in a highly nonlinear manner, commonly used fatigue analysis procedures are normally inadequate. This paper reviews present probablistic fatigue analysis methods, and provides a means for incorporating nonlinear mooring behavior into analysis and design to predict accumulated damage and remaining service life. The procedures presented are general, and they are also applicable to ship and buoy moorings, offshore terminals, and guyed and tension leg platforms.

  12. Mooring Design for the Floating Oscillating Water Column Reference Model

    SciTech Connect

    Brefort, Dorian; Bull, Diana L.

    2014-09-01

    To reduce the price of the reference Backward Bent Duct Buoy (BBDB), a study was done analyzing the effects of reducing the mooring line length, and a new mooring design was developed. It was found that the overall length of the mooring lines could be reduced by 1290 meters, allowing a significant price reduction of the system. In this paper, we will first give a description of the model and the storm environment it will be subject to. We will then give a recommendation for the new mooring system, followed by a discussion of the severe weather simulation results, and an analysis of the conservative and aggressive aspects of the design.

  13. The OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) mooring technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shields, D. R.; Wendt, R. L.; Johnson, B. A.

    1982-12-01

    Existing technology for mooring components which may be suitable for OTEC use is summarized. Due to the platform size, depth of water, and length of design life required for an operational OTEC plant, only large and high capacity mooring components were investigated. Engineering, test, and manufacturer's data on wire rope, synthetic rope (nylon, polyester and Kevlar), anchors, deck fittings and machinery, and design concepts for tension leg platform mooring systems are included. A significant portion of the effort was directed to the assessment of synthetic rope technology and its application to moorings.

  14. 71. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON ROOF SHIELDING AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    71. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON ROOF SHIELDING AND BUILDING TRUSS STRUCTURE - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  15. Effect of mooring line arrangement on the dynamics of spread mooring systems

    SciTech Connect

    Bernitsas, M.M.; Garza-Rios, L.O.

    1995-12-31

    A design methodology is formulated to reveal the dependence of nonlinear slow motion dynamics of Spread Mooring Systems (SMS) on mooring line arrangement. For a given SMS configuration, catastrophe sets are developed in the parametric design space showing the dependence of stability boundaries and singularities of bifurcations on design variables. This approach eliminates the need for nonlinear simulations. For general SMS design, however, the designer relies on experience rather than scientific understanding of SMS nonlinear dynamics, due to the high number of design variables. Several numerical applications are used to demonstrate counter intuitive ways of improving SMS dynamics. The SMS design methodology formulated in this paper aims at providing fundamental understanding of the effects of mooring line arrangement and pretension on SMS horizontal plane dynamics. Thus, the first guidelines are developed to reduce trial and error in SMS design. The methodology is illustrated by comparing catastrophe sets for various SMS configurations with up to three mooring lines. Numerous examples for a barge and a tanker SMS which exhibit qualitatively different nonlinear dynamic behavior are provided.

  16. Marching to the beat of Moore's Law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borodovsky, Yan

    2006-03-01

    Area density scaling in integrated circuits, defined as transistor count per unit area, has followed the famous observation-cum-prediction by Gordon Moore for many generations. Known as "Moore's Law" which predicts density doubling every 18-24 month, it has provided all important synchronizing guidance and reference for tools and materials suppliers, IC manufacturers and their customers as to what minimal requirements their products and services need to meet to satisfy technical and financial expectations in support of the infrastructure required for the development and manufacturing of corresponding technology generation nodes. Multiple lithography solutions are usually under considerations for any given node. In general, three broad classes of solutions are considered: evolutionary - technology that is extension of existing technology infrastructure at similar or slightly higher cost and risk to schedule; revolutionary - technology that discards significant parts of the existing infrastructure at similar cost, higher risk to schedule but promises higher capability as compared to the evolutionary approach; and last but not least, disruptive - approach that as a rule promises similar or better capabilities, much lower cost and wholly unpredictable risk to schedule and products yields. This paper examines various lithography approaches, their respective merits against criteria of respective infrastructure availability, affordability and risk to IC manufacturer's schedules and strategy involved in developing and selecting best solution in an attempt to sort out key factors that will impact the decision on the lithography choice for large-scale manufacturing for the future technology nodes.

  17. 75 FR 73072 - Moore, Cody; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Moore, Cody; Notice of Filing November 19, 2010. Take notice that, on November 17, 2010, Cody Moore filed an application to hold an interlocking position, pursuant to...

  18. 33 CFR 82.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 82.5 Section 82.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES 72 COLREGS: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 82.5 Lights for moored vessels. For the purposes of...

  19. 33 CFR 90.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 90.5 Section 90.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INLAND NAVIGATION RULES INLAND RULES: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 90.5 Lights for moored vessels. A vessel at...

  20. 33 CFR 90.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 90.5 Section 90.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INLAND NAVIGATION RULES INLAND RULES: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 90.5 Lights for moored vessels. A vessel at...

  1. 33 CFR 82.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 82.5 Section 82.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES 72 COLREGS: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 82.5 Lights for moored vessels. For the purposes of...

  2. 33 CFR 88.13 - Lights on moored barges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lights on moored barges. 88.13... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.13 Lights on moored barges. (a) The following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph...

  3. 33 CFR 88.13 - Lights on moored barges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lights on moored barges. 88.13... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.13 Lights on moored barges. (a) The following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph...

  4. 33 CFR 88.13 - Lights on moored barges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lights on moored barges. 88.13... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.13 Lights on moored barges. (a) The following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph...

  5. 33 CFR 82.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 82.5 Section 82.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES 72 COLREGS: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 82.5 Lights for moored vessels. For the purposes of...

  6. 33 CFR 88.13 - Lights on moored barges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lights on moored barges. 88.13... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.13 Lights on moored barges. (a) The following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph...

  7. 33 CFR 82.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 82.5 Section 82.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES 72 COLREGS: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 82.5 Lights for moored vessels. For the purposes of...

  8. 33 CFR 90.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 90.5 Section 90.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INLAND NAVIGATION RULES INLAND RULES: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 90.5 Lights for moored vessels. A vessel at...

  9. 33 CFR 90.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 90.5 Section 90.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INLAND NAVIGATION RULES INLAND RULES: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 90.5 Lights for moored vessels. A vessel at...

  10. 33 CFR 82.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 82.5 Section 82.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES 72 COLREGS: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 82.5 Lights for moored vessels. For the purposes of...

  11. 33 CFR 88.13 - Lights on moored barges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lights on moored barges. 88.13... NAVIGATION RULES ANNEX V: PILOT RULES § 88.13 Lights on moored barges. (a) The following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph...

  12. 33 CFR 90.5 - Lights for moored vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lights for moored vessels. 90.5 Section 90.5 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INLAND NAVIGATION RULES INLAND RULES: INTERPRETATIVE RULES § 90.5 Lights for moored vessels. A vessel at...

  13. CEO to Teacher: An Interview with Randy Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hitz, Randy

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the transcript of an interview between the author and Randy Moore. While many leading corporate executives have contributed in various ways to efforts to improve public education, Randy Moore is the only one known by the author to have stepped down from his CEO position to actually teach in the public schools for an extended…

  14. 46 CFR 184.300 - Ground tackle and mooring lines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ground tackle and mooring lines. 184.300 Section 184.300 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) VESSEL CONTROL AND MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Mooring and Towing Equipment §...

  15. Preliminary investigations into mooring forces on a semisubmersible and a turret moored tanker in pack ice, current and waves

    SciTech Connect

    Murray, J.J.; Spencer, D.

    1996-12-01

    Physical model tests were carried out on a scale model of a semisubmersible and a monohull tanker in drifting pack ice. The tests covered a range of drift velocities, directions and ice concentrations. The models were tested in both a fully restrained and moored condition. Data from the experiments were used to develop a semi-empirical numerical model to predict maximum global loads on the mooring system. These results were compared with the maximum loads on the mooring system caused by hydrodynamic forces (waves and current) predicted from a linear numerical model for waves. Analysis results showed that the maximum mooring loads due to the pack ice on the semisubmersible were considerably higher than those caused by the hydrodynamic forces on the same vessel. Also, the maximum mooring loads due to pack ice on the tanker were close to the maximum mooring loads caused by the hydrodynamic forces. Maximum mooring loads related to pack ice forces were realized in ice concentrations of 10/10 coverage while for concentrations less than 6/10 coverage loads attributed to pack ice were negligible in comparison to the hydrodynamic forces. The paper also presents a number of recommendations, based on these findings, to improve the performance of both vessel types and to advance the general state-of-the-art for analysis procedures related to offshore vessel moored in pack ice.

  16. The polyester rope taut leg mooring concept: A feasible means for reducing deepwater mooring cost and improving stationkeeping performance

    SciTech Connect

    Winkler, M.M.; McKenna, H.A.

    1995-12-01

    The polyester rope taut leg mooring system offers a unique opportunity to reduce deepwater mooring system cost, while simultaneously improving stationkeeping performance. These gains are over catenary or taut leg systems designed using all steel components. This paper builds upon work presented at prior OTC conferences and focuses on concept feasibility and implementation. Feasibility is addressed from a systems basis including fiber and rope selection, definition of mechanical properties, mooring system integration, and effects of long-term usage. Implementation is believed practical based on current technology and in-place manufacturing capability. Available cyclic tension test results for polyester rope suggest a comparable fatigue performance to wire rope. The most significant challenge facing application of the polyester taut leg mooring concept is the lack of in-service experience compared to conventional steel catenary mooring systems.

  17. Extending the Capabilities of the Mooring Analysis Program: A Survey of Dynamic Mooring Line Theories for Integration into FAST: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Masciola, M.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.

    2014-03-01

    Techniques to model dynamic mooring lines come in various forms. The most widely used models include either a heuristic representation of the physics (such as a Lumped-Mass, LM, system), a Finite-Element Analysis (FEA) discretization of the lines (discretized in space), or a Finite-Difference (FD) model (which is discretized in both space and time). In this paper, we explore the features of the various models, weigh the advantages of each, and propose a plan for implementing one dynamic mooring line model into the open-source Mooring Analysis Program (MAP). MAP is currently used as a module for the FAST offshore wind turbine computer-aided engineering (CAE) tool to model mooring systems quasi-statically, although dynamic mooring capabilities are desired. Based on the exploration in this manuscript, the lumped-mass representation is selected for implementation in MAP based on its simplicity, computational cost, and ability to provide similar physics captured by higher-order models.

  18. Henry (Hank) J. Moore (1928-1998)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Thomas W.

    Henry (Hank) J. Moore, a member of the AGU Planetary Sciences section, died of a heart attack on September 21, 1998. He was in Utah while on a family trip to visit his daughter. His 70th birthday occurred just 3 weeks before his death. Henry, who was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, took great pride in having found and visited the small town of Albuquerque in the Extremadura region of Spain, noting the geologic similarities between that part of Spain and his birthplace in America.Henry, known for his contributions to the Apollo,Viking, Magellan, and Mars Pathfinder missions, attributed his career to a chance encounter with Gene Shoemaker in 1960. Henry was completing his Ph.D. work in geology at Stanford University and Gene obviously had spotted Henry's keen analytical mind. I suspect this pivotal meeting was far from a chance encounter.

  19. Features of a taut leg mooring system for deep water

    SciTech Connect

    Loevstad, T.; Namork, J.; Nilsen, A.U.

    1995-12-31

    As oil exploration and production is moving into greater water depths there is a need for cost effective stationkeeping systems. To date all floating production units have used conventional catenary mooring systems consisting of chain or a chain/wire combination. For greater water depths the use of a catenary mooring system (CMS) will result in very long lines and a large additional vertical load on the platform. The objective of the present work has been to develop cost effective stationkeeping systems for floating production units in 500--1,500 m water depth. The work is based on a case study of a large steel floater (semi). A conceptual design of a taut mooring system (TMS) has been developed. This investigation has focused on the dynamic behavior of the TMS in order to document acceptable dynamic performance. A taut mooring system based on a polyester fiber rope offers an alternative. For a water depth of 1,200 m the line length is reduced from 3,100 m to 2,030 m and the footprint is reduced from 2,800 m to 1,700 m by using a taut mooring system instead of a catenary system. In addition, a taut mooring system using polyester ropes is significantly more cost effective than a conventional catenary mooring system at large water depths. As an overall conclusion the investigation has confirmed satisfactory behavior of the proposed TMS concept.

  20. Turbulence Measurements from Compliant Moorings. Part II: Motion Correction

    DOE PAGES

    Kilcher, Levi F.; Thomson, Jim; Harding, Samuel; ...

    2017-06-20

    Acoustic Doppler velocimeters (ADVs) are a valuable tool for making high-precision measurements of turbulence, and moorings are a convenient and ubiquitous platform for making many kinds of measurements in the ocean. However, because of concerns that mooring motion can contaminate turbulence measurements and that acoustic Doppler profilers make middepth velocity measurements relatively easy, ADVs are not frequently deployed from moorings. This work demonstrates that inertial motion measurements can be used to reduce motion contamination from moored ADV velocity measurements. Three distinct mooring platforms were deployed in a tidal channel with inertial-motion-sensor-equipped ADVs. In each case, motion correction based on themore » inertial measurements reduces mooring motion contamination of velocity measurements. The spectra from these measurements are consistent with other measurements in tidal channels and have an f–5/3 slope at high frequencies - consistent with Kolmogorov's theory of isotropic turbulence. Motion correction also improves estimates of cross spectra and Reynolds stresses. A comparison of turbulence dissipation with flow speed and turbulence production indicates a bottom boundary layer production-dissipation balance during ebb and flood that is consistent with the strong tidal forcing at the site. Finally, these results indicate that inertial-motion-sensor-equipped ADVs are a valuable new tool for making high-precision turbulence measurements from moorings.« less

  1. Mooring Analysis of the Ocean Sentinel through Field Observation and Numerical Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-22

    8 Figure 10: Examples of typical spread mooring systems (SST 2009...general methods: driving, drilling, or pumping for suction piles. Suction piles are hollow, sealed tubes that are embedded into the seafloor by...simple passive moorings to complex active systems. The three main configuration categories are single-point moorings, spread moorings, and dynamic

  2. Evolutionary ethics from Darwin to Moore.

    PubMed

    Allhoff, Fritz

    2003-01-01

    Evolutionary ethics has a long history, dating all the way back to Charles Darwin. Almost immediately after the publication of the Origin, an immense interest arose in the moral implications of Darwinism and whether the truth of Darwinism would undermine traditional ethics. Though the biological thesis was certainly exciting, nobody suspected that the impact of the Origin would be confined to the scientific arena. As one historian wrote, 'whether or not ancient populations of armadillos were transformed into the species that currently inhabit the new world was certainly a topic about which zoologists could disagree. But it was in discussing the broader implications of the theory...that tempers flared and statements were made which could transform what otherwise would have been a quiet scholarly meeting into a social scandal' (Farber 1994, 22). Some resistance to the biological thesis of Darwinism sprung from the thought that it was incompatible with traditional morality and, since one of them had to go, many thought that Darwinism should be rejected. However, some people did realize that a secular ethics was possible so, even if Darwinism did undermine traditional religious beliefs, it need not have any effects on moral thought. Before I begin my discussion of evolutionary ethics from Darwin to Moore, I would like to make some more general remarks about its development. There are three key events during this history of evolutionary ethics. First, Charles Darwin published On the Origin of the Species (Darwin 1859). Since one did not have a fully developed theory of evolution until 1859, there exists little work on evolutionary ethics until then. Shortly thereafter, Herbert Spencer (1898) penned the first systematic theory of evolutionary ethics, which was promptly attacked by T.H. Huxley (Huxley 1894). Second, at about the turn of the century, moral philosophers entered the fray and attempted to demonstrate logical errors in Spencer's work; such errors were alluded

  3. Moore's Law, disruptive technologies, and the clinician.

    PubMed

    Vosburgh, Kirby G; Newbower, Ronald S

    2002-01-01

    The advancement of technical power described by Moore's Law offers great potential for enabling more cost-effective medical devices and systems. However, progress has been slow. Many factors for this failure have been cited, including the anti-rational economic structure of healthcare and the complexity and long time scale of medical development. Christensen et al. suggest that "disruptive technologies" may circumvent some of these difficulties. "Disruptive Technologies" are defined as those that are established in one market, but then penetrate and overwhelm another market. These incursions are accelerated by economic factors, and capitalize on functionality, reliability, and advancements supported by the original market. Christensen has cited many examples from industrial and service businesses, but few examples can be found yet in healthcare. We argue that positive technology impacts in medicine occur most readily when innovators augment the skills of and collaborate with caregivers, rather than seeking to displace them. In the short term, a new approach may improve efficiency or quality. In the longer term, such approaches may obviate human tasks at lower-skill levels, and even permit task automation. One successful example has been the introduction of flexible monitoring for physiologic information. Systems for computer-aided diagnosis, which have failed to impact complex decision making, have succeeded in simpler specialty areas such as the interpretation of EKG's and mammograms, and may do the same with analysis of some pathology images. The next frontier may the operating room, and the adoption of such systemic technologies by caregivers in emergency medicine and general care may then have an even wider "disruptive" effect. Responding to time and cost pressures, and the desire to move care to the patient, other workers, such as radiologists, will drive the trend away from isolated, complex, large-scale devices, and toward integrated, modular, and simpler

  4. Todd Moore d/b/a TM Construction Information Sheet

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Todd Moore d/b/a TM Construction (the Company) is located in St. Louis, Missouri. The settlement involves renovation activities conducted at a residential property constructed prior to 1978, located in St. Louis, Missouri.

  5. 72. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON COOLING TOWERS (3 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    72. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON COOLING TOWERS (3 SHOWN) AND MOTOR GENERATOR ON RIGHT - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  6. 26. photographer unknown 29 December 1937 FLOATING MOORING BIT INSTALLED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. photographer unknown 29 December 1937 FLOATING MOORING BIT INSTALLED IN LOCK SIDEWALL. - Bonneville Project, Navigation Lock No. 1, Oregon shore of Columbia River near first Powerhouse, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  7. Biographical sketch: John Royal Moore, MD 1899-1988.

    PubMed

    Brand, Richard A

    2011-10-01

    This biographical sketch on John R. Moore corresponds to the historic text, The Classic: Cartilaginous-cup Arthroplasty in Ununited Fractures of the Neck of the Femur (1948), available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-011-1974-z.

  8. 70. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON HIGH BAY: SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    70. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON HIGH BAY: SOUTH SIDE, LOOKING WEST TOWARD 51A - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  9. 73. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON HIGH BAY: SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    73. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON HIGH BAY: SOUTH SIDE, LOOKING EAST TOWARD MAIN CONTROL ROOM - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  10. Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... Issues Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine Past Issues / Winter 2007 Table of Contents For ... Javascript on. Among those attending the NIH MedlinePlus magazine launch on Capitol Hill were (l-r) NIH ...

  11. A Low-Cost, Compact, Moored Spectral Radiometer.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    spectral irradiance over time at prescribed depths. Data from a mooring in the Arabian Sea are presented, and clearly show the change in spectral quality...after the onset of the SW monsoon. The operation of the moored spectral radiometer (MSR) agrees closely with the data from an MER-2040, once a... data collected during a six-month deployment during the Forced Upper Ocean Dynamics Experiment in the Arabian Sea(Trask et. al., 1995), and a

  12. Charles Bachman Moore (1920-2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winn, William; Krehbiel, Paul

    2011-02-01

    Charles B. Moore passed away 2 March 2010 at the age of 89, following a long and varied scientific career in meteorology and the atmospheric sciences. He will be remembered best for his substantial contributions in the field of atmospheric electricity and for the students and faculty he guided as chairman of Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research and professor of physics at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He possessed a unique sense of humor and an excellent memory that served as a reservoir of scientific and historical knowledge. Like many of his generation, Charlie's career was profoundly influenced by the Second World War. Following Pearl Harbor, he interrupted his undergraduate studies in chemical engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology to enlist in the Army Air Corps, where he became the chief weather equipment officer in the 10th Weather Squadron, setting up and operating remote meteorological stations behind enemy lines in the China-Burma-India theater. He served with distinction alongside Athelstan Spilhaus Sr., who had been one of Charlie's instructors in the Army meteorology program.

  13. James Moores Ball: Ophthalmologist, medical historian, bibliophile.

    PubMed

    Feibel, Robert M

    2016-08-01

    James Moores Ball (1862-1929) was an ophthalmologist in St. Louis, Missouri, who excelled as a medical historian and collector of rare and historic books about the history of anatomy. During his lifetime, he was best known as the author of a comprehensive, authoritative, and popular textbook titled Modern Ophthalmology First published in 1904, there were five further editions. Ball was very interested in the history of anatomy and wrote two books on this subject, the first being a biography of Andreas Vesalius, one of the earliest in English, and the second a history of the resurrection men or grave robbers who sold corpses to professors of anatomy and surgery for teaching purposes. His legacy today is the 470 volumes of his personal library, which are now in the Archives and Rare Books department of the Becker Medical Library of the Washington University School of Medicine. These texts are one of their major collections, concentrating on the history of anatomy, beginning with a first edition of Vesalius's De Humani Corporis Fabrica and holding many important and beautiful landmark volumes of anatomical atlases. © The Author(s) 2016.

  14. MITESS: a moored in situ trace element serial sampler for deep-sea moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Jory; Betts, Joe; Boyle, Edward

    2002-11-01

    We have designed, constructed and tested a trace element clean sampling device for long term deployment (6 months or longer) on deep-sea moorings. The device collects unfiltered 500 ml samples by opening and closing a bottle originally filled with dilute acid (passively replaced by denser seawater). Each sample is collected by an independent module, so failure of a single unit does not affect others. Seven years of deployments have refined the sampler into a rugged and reliable device. The device also can be hung below a wire to collect water column samples. Automated trace element sampler (ATE), a spinoff from moored in situ trace element serial sampler, is a single-module device for allowing trace metal clean near-surface samples to be collected by personnel not trained in trace element sampling. ATE/VANE, another variation, allows the same personnel to collect upper water column profiles on conventional hydrowire. The systems have been tested by comparing samples collected for lead and iron with those collected by previously proven sampling techniques.

  15. Sampling efficiency of the Moore egg collector

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Worthington, Thomas A.; Brewer, Shannon K.; Grabowski, Timothy B.; Mueller, Julia

    2013-01-01

    Quantitative studies focusing on the collection of semibuoyant fish eggs, which are associated with a pelagic broadcast-spawning reproductive strategy, are often conducted to evaluate reproductive success. Many of the fishes in this reproductive guild have suffered significant reductions in range and abundance. However, the efficiency of the sampling gear used to evaluate reproduction is often unknown and renders interpretation of the data from these studies difficult. Our objective was to assess the efficiency of a modified Moore egg collector (MEC) using field and laboratory trials. Gear efficiency was assessed by releasing a known quantity of gellan beads with a specific gravity similar to that of eggs from representatives of this reproductive guild (e.g., the Arkansas River Shiner Notropis girardi) into an outdoor flume and recording recaptures. We also used field trials to determine how discharge and release location influenced gear efficiency given current methodological approaches. The flume trials indicated that gear efficiency ranged between 0.0% and 9.5% (n = 57) in a simple 1.83-m-wide channel and was positively related to discharge. Efficiency in the field trials was lower, ranging between 0.0% and 3.6%, and was negatively related to bead release distance from the MEC and discharge. The flume trials indicated that the gellan beads were not distributed uniformly across the channel, although aggregation was reduced at higher discharges. This clustering of passively drifting particles should be considered when selecting placement sites for an MEC; further, the use of multiple devices may be warranted in channels with multiple areas of concentrated flow.

  16. Obituary: Ben Hawkins Moore, 1921-2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, James F.

    2004-12-01

    Ben H. Moore, emeritus professor of physics, astronomy and earth sciences at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, died 7 November 2003, in South Padre Island, Texas. Ben was born 18 March 1921, in Kansas City, Missouri, to Fraser D. and Cora R. (Hawkins) Moore. Though his parents provided a strong guiding influence on Ben's development, Ben's career was impacted most clearly by his work as a student and research assistant for Allen Basset (Ben's father-in-law) at Park College. This relationship turned Ben's early interest in chemistry and biology toward a focus on physics. Ben received his undergraduate degree from Park College where he graduated Phi Delta Kappa. He received a MS in physics from Kansas State University. He also did post-masters work at the University of Kansas, the University of Colorado, the University of Washington and Temple University. In addition to his work as a research assistant, Ben taught at Park College as well as Washington Kansas High School, Wyandotte High School, and Kansas City Kansas Junior College before moving to St. Cloud State University in 1960. He retired from this teaching position in May 1982 but remained involved in activities of his department, including some teaching, through most of his years in retirement. Ben's accomplishments were mainly centered on his teaching. His development of courses and his rapport with students consistently brought praise from both his colleagues and his students. Above all, his work involved innovative development of the curriculum in the sciences at St. Cloud State. Soon after his arrival at the university, Ben took over the fledgling field geology course and continued to shape this offering into a program in earth sciences. The popularity of his classes, which attracted both general students and a growing number of majors, finally enabled the university to establish an earth sciences department in the late 1960's and Ben was the first chair of that department. In the mid-1960's Ben took

  17. Verification and Validation of the New Dynamic Mooring Modules Available in FAST v8

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, Fabian F.; Andersen, Morten T.; Robertson, Amy N.; Jonkman, Jason M.

    2016-07-01

    The open-source aero-hydro-servo-elastic wind turbine simulation software, FAST v8, was recently coupled to two newly developed mooring dynamics modules: MoorDyn and FEAMooring. MoorDyn is a lumped-mass-based mooring dynamics module developed by the University of Maine, and FEAMooring is a finite-element-based mooring dynamics module developed by Texas A&M University. This paper summarizes the work performed to verify and validate these modules against other mooring models and measured test data to assess their reliability and accuracy. The quality of the fairlead load predictions by the open-source mooring modules MoorDyn and FEAMooring appear to be largely equivalent to what is predicted by the commercial tool OrcaFlex. Both mooring dynamic model predictions agree well with the experimental data, considering the given limitations in the accuracy of the platform hydrodynamic load calculation and the quality of the measurement data.

  18. Verification and Validation of the New Dynamic Mooring Modules Available in FAST v8: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, Fabian; Robertson, Amy; Jonkman, Jason; Andersen, Morten T.

    2016-08-01

    The open-source aero-hydro-servo-elastic wind turbine simulation software, FAST v8, was recently coupled to two newly developed mooring dynamics modules: MoorDyn and FEAMooring. MoorDyn is a lumped-mass-based mooring dynamics module developed by the University of Maine, and FEAMooring is a finite-element-based mooring dynamics module developed by Texas A&M University. This paper summarizes the work performed to verify and validate these modules against other mooring models and measured test data to assess their reliability and accuracy. The quality of the fairlead load predictions by the open-source mooring modules MoorDyn and FEAMooring appear to be largely equivalent to what is predicted by the commercial tool OrcaFlex. Both mooring dynamic model predictions agree well with the experimental data, considering the given limitations in the accuracy of the platform hydrodynamic load calculation and the quality of the measurement data.

  19. Efficient reliability-based design of mooring systems

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, K.

    1996-12-31

    Uncertainties both in the environmentally induced load effects and in the strength of mooring line components make a rational design of mooring systems a complex task. The methods of structural reliability, taking these uncertainties into account, have been applied in an efficient probabilistic analysis procedure for the tension overload limit state for mooring lines. This paper outlines the philosophy and methodology for this procedure, followed by numerical examples of a turret moored ship. Both base case annual failure probabilities and results from a number of sensitivity analyses are presented. It is demonstrated that the reliability-based design procedure can be effectively utilized to quantify the safety against failure due to tension overload of moorings. The results of the case studies indicate that the largest uncertainties are associated with the distribution parameters of the chain link and steel wire rope segment tension capacity, and the modelling of the environment. The modelling of spreading angles between waves, wind and current vs. colinearity, and double-peaked vs. single-peaked wave spectrum models are key parameters in the reliability assessment.

  20. Impact of mooring activities on carbon stocks in seagrass meadows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serrano, O.; Ruhon, R.; Lavery, P. S.; Kendrick, G. A.; Hickey, S.; Masqué, P.; Arias-Ortiz, A.; Steven, A.; Duarte, C. M.

    2016-03-01

    Boating activities are one of the causes that threaten seagrass meadows and the ecosystem services they provide. Mechanical destruction of seagrass habitats may also trigger the erosion of sedimentary organic carbon (Corg) stocks, which may contribute to increasing atmospheric CO2. This study presents the first estimates of loss of Corg stocks in seagrass meadows due to mooring activities in Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Sediment cores were sampled from seagrass meadows and from bare but previously vegetated sediments underneath moorings. The Corg stores have been compromised by the mooring deployment from 1930s onwards, which involved both the erosion of existing sedimentary Corg stores and the lack of further accumulation of Corg. On average, undisturbed meadows had accumulated ~6.4 Kg Corg m-2 in the upper 50 cm-thick deposits at a rate of 34 g Corg m-2 yr-1. The comparison of Corg stores between meadows and mooring scars allows us to estimate a loss of 4.8 kg Corg m-2 in the 50 cm-thick deposits accumulated over ca. 200 yr as a result of mooring deployments. These results provide key data for the implementation of Corg storage credit offset policies to avoid the conversion of seagrass ecosystems and contribute to their preservation.

  1. Impact of mooring activities on carbon stocks in seagrass meadows

    PubMed Central

    Serrano, O.; Ruhon, R.; Lavery, P. S.; Kendrick, G. A.; Hickey, S.; Masqué, P.; Arias-Ortiz, A.; Steven, A.; Duarte, C. M.

    2016-01-01

    Boating activities are one of the causes that threaten seagrass meadows and the ecosystem services they provide. Mechanical destruction of seagrass habitats may also trigger the erosion of sedimentary organic carbon (Corg) stocks, which may contribute to increasing atmospheric CO2. This study presents the first estimates of loss of Corg stocks in seagrass meadows due to mooring activities in Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Sediment cores were sampled from seagrass meadows and from bare but previously vegetated sediments underneath moorings. The Corg stores have been compromised by the mooring deployment from 1930s onwards, which involved both the erosion of existing sedimentary Corg stores and the lack of further accumulation of Corg. On average, undisturbed meadows had accumulated ~6.4 Kg Corg m−2 in the upper 50 cm-thick deposits at a rate of 34 g Corg m−2 yr−1. The comparison of Corg stores between meadows and mooring scars allows us to estimate a loss of 4.8 kg Corg m−2 in the 50 cm-thick deposits accumulated over ca. 200 yr as a result of mooring deployments. These results provide key data for the implementation of Corg storage credit offset policies to avoid the conversion of seagrass ecosystems and contribute to their preservation. PMID:26979407

  2. A comparison of the impact of 'seagrass-friendly' boat mooring systems on Posidonia australis.

    PubMed

    Demers, Marie-Claire A; Davis, Andrew R; Knott, Nathan A

    2013-02-01

    Permanent boat moorings have contributed to the decline of seagrasses worldwide, prompting the development of 'seagrass-friendly' moorings. We contrasted seagrass cover and density (predominantly Posidonia australis) in the vicinity of three mooring types and nearby reference areas lacking moorings in Jervis Bay, Australia. We examined two types of 'seagrass-friendly' mooring and a conventional 'swing' mooring. 'Swing' moorings produced significant seagrass scour, denuding patches of ~9 m radius. Seagrass-friendly 'cyclone' moorings produced extensive denuded patches (average radius of ~18 m). Seagrass-friendly 'screw' moorings, conversely, had similar seagrass cover to nearby reference areas. Our findings reinforce previous work highlighting the negative effects of 'swing' and 'cyclone' moorings. In contrast, the previously unstudied 'screw' moorings were highly effective. We conclude that regular maintenance of moorings and the monitoring of surrounding seagrass are required to ensure that 'seagrass-friendly' moorings are operating effectively. This is important, as following damage Posidonia will take many decades to recover. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Analyzing the effect of integrating riser/mooring line design

    SciTech Connect

    Chakrabarti, P.; Chandwani, R.; Larsen, I.

    1996-12-31

    The design of riser and mooring systems for a floating production system usually assumes uncoupled behavior of the two systems, and each system is analyzed for the effects of the vessel response given as input. In certain situations, such as for a floating production system, the presence of the risers can affect natural periods, damping, and slow drift response of the vessel thereby influencing the system design. This paper discusses a method for analyzing the coupled riser/mooring system with emphasis on the effect of the risers on the total system behavior.

  4. Getting It Wrong: Comment on Moore's "Behaviorism and the Stages of Scientific Activity"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, William M.

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author comments on Moore's (2010) illogical attack on the matching law which was published by "The Behavior Analyst." Moore begins by attacking the psychophysical power law because he claims it is based on mentalism. One may argue about theory, but one cannot argue with data. Moore's attack on the generalized matching law is…

  5. Thomas E. Moore's "Sour Sofkee" in the Tradition of Muskogee Dialect Writers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petete, Timothy; Womack, Craig S.

    2006-01-01

    The Muskogee dialect letters provide one of the most interesting combinations of fictional viewpoints and political commentary in American Indian letters. This article features the life story of Thomas E. Moore. This article also presents the fictional literary works of Moore and compares his dialect writings to Alexander Posey. Moore is the most…

  6. Computing the Moore-Penrose Inverse of a Matrix with a Computer Algebra System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Karsten

    2008-01-01

    In this paper "Derive" functions are provided for the computation of the Moore-Penrose inverse of a matrix, as well as for solving systems of linear equations by means of the Moore-Penrose inverse. Making it possible to compute the Moore-Penrose inverse easily with one of the most commonly used Computer Algebra Systems--and to have the blueprint…

  7. 48 CFR 252.225-7019 - Restriction on acquisition of anchor and mooring chain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of anchor and mooring chain. 252.225-7019 Section 252.225-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... and mooring chain. As prescribed in 225.7007-3, use the following clause: Restriction on Acquisition of Anchor and Mooring Chain (DEC 2009)) (a) Definition. “Component,” as used in this clause, means an...

  8. Computing the Moore-Penrose Inverse of a Matrix with a Computer Algebra System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Karsten

    2008-01-01

    In this paper "Derive" functions are provided for the computation of the Moore-Penrose inverse of a matrix, as well as for solving systems of linear equations by means of the Moore-Penrose inverse. Making it possible to compute the Moore-Penrose inverse easily with one of the most commonly used Computer Algebra Systems--and to have the blueprint…

  9. Thomas E. Moore's "Sour Sofkee" in the Tradition of Muskogee Dialect Writers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petete, Timothy; Womack, Craig S.

    2006-01-01

    The Muskogee dialect letters provide one of the most interesting combinations of fictional viewpoints and political commentary in American Indian letters. This article features the life story of Thomas E. Moore. This article also presents the fictional literary works of Moore and compares his dialect writings to Alexander Posey. Moore is the most…

  10. Getting It Wrong: Comment on Moore's "Behaviorism and the Stages of Scientific Activity"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, William M.

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author comments on Moore's (2010) illogical attack on the matching law which was published by "The Behavior Analyst." Moore begins by attacking the psychophysical power law because he claims it is based on mentalism. One may argue about theory, but one cannot argue with data. Moore's attack on the generalized matching law is…

  11. 48 CFR 252.225-7019 - Restriction on acquisition of anchor and mooring chain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... of anchor and mooring chain. 252.225-7019 Section 252.225-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... and mooring chain. As prescribed in 225.7007-3, use the following clause: Restriction on Acquisition of Anchor and Mooring Chain (DEC 2009)) (a) Definition. “Component,” as used in this clause, means...

  12. 48 CFR 252.225-7019 - Restriction on acquisition of anchor and mooring chain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of anchor and mooring chain. 252.225-7019 Section 252.225-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... and mooring chain. As prescribed in 225.7007-3, use the following clause: Restriction on Acquisition of Anchor and Mooring Chain (DEC 2009)) (a) Definition. “Component,” as used in this clause, means...

  13. 48 CFR 252.225-7019 - Restriction on acquisition of anchor and mooring chain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of anchor and mooring chain. 252.225-7019 Section 252.225-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... and mooring chain. As prescribed in 225.7007-3, use the following clause: Restriction on Acquisition of Anchor and Mooring Chain (DEC 2009)) (a) Definition. “Component,” as used in this clause, means...

  14. 48 CFR 252.225-7019 - Restriction on acquisition of anchor and mooring chain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of anchor and mooring chain. 252.225-7019 Section 252.225-7019 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... and mooring chain. As prescribed in 225.7007-3, use the following clause: Restriction on Acquisition of Anchor and Mooring Chain (DEC 2009)) (a) Definition. “Component,” as used in this clause, means...

  15. Tanker mooring, storage for sub-Arctic waters

    SciTech Connect

    Pedersen, K.I.; King, R.D.; Post, G.J.

    1985-11-01

    The expansion of exploration into sub-arctic offshore waters has created a need for tanker mooring facilities for floating storage vessels and tanker loading. In many sub-arctic areas mooring facilities are subject to wind, wave and current conditions which approach conditions in the North Sea during storm seasons. In other seasons, the same facilities will be subject to impact and overturning forces from drifting ice floes and massive ice ridges. A study to develop suitable concepts and preliminary designs for such tanker mooring facilities is discussed. The study was limited to areas where risk of iceberg collision may be ignored, but where ice conditions generally occur 4-6 months during each year with ice coverage ranging up to 100% during this period. The scope of the study required development of suitable concepts and preliminary design studies for three basic SPM tanker loading and storage systems: for direct loading of ice-strengthened shuttle tankers; with a permanently moored icebreaking storage vessel with storage capacity for 1,400,000 bbl of crude oil; and with submerged storage capacity for 1,400,00 bbl of crude oil.

  16. A Different Perspective of the Teaching Philosophy of RL Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephen L.

    2017-01-01

    Dr RL Moore was undoubtedly one of the finest mathematics teachers ever. He developed a unique teaching method designed to teach his students to think like mathematicians. His method was not designed to convey any particular mathematical knowledge. Instead, it was designed to teach his students to think. Today, his method has been modified to…

  17. Modification of Moore measuring machine/Leitz microscope

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greth, H. A.; Brubaker, L.

    1976-01-01

    Quality assurance mechanical inspection, anticipating the need for improved measuring techniques for the various laboratory programs, has perfected a modification of the Leitz microscope for the Moore measuring machine that has the capability of significantly reducing inspection time with increased reliability.

  18. Meeting Report: Patrick Moore at the Royal Institution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arditti, D.

    2010-02-01

    'Developments in amateur astronomy: past, present and future'. A special meeting in honour of Sir Patrick Moore to celebrate his 75 years as a BAA member, held on 2009 November 21 at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, Albemarle Street, London W1

  19. Design for a Moore No. 1 1/2 lathe

    SciTech Connect

    Rhorer, R.L.

    1981-01-01

    To increase our capability to machine small spherical parts, we are designing an ultraprecision lathe based on a Moore No. 1 1/2 measuring machine. The machine is being designed for single axis cutting, utilizing an accurate rotary table for spherical cuts. This report summarizes the design and presents an error budget analysis for the design.

  20. Alice Moore and the Kanawha County Textbook Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kincheloe, Joe

    1980-01-01

    The author considers the 1974 Kanawha County textbook censorship controversy as an attempt by fundamentalist parents to banish "alien" moral influences from the schools and to strengthen community control over learning. He focuses on the role and views of school board member Alice Moore, a leading spokesperson of the fundamentalists.…

  1. Maintaining Moore's law: enabling cost-friendly dimensional scaling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mallik, Arindam; Ryckaert, Julien; Mercha, Abdelkarim; Verkest, Diederik; Ronse, Kurt; Thean, Aaron

    2015-03-01

    Moore's Law (Moore's Observation) has been driving the progress in semiconductor technology for the past 50 years. The semiconductor industry is at a juncture where significant increase in manufacturing cost is foreseen to sustain the past trend of dimensional scaling. At N10 and N7 technology nodes, the industry is struggling to find a cost-friendly solution. At a device level, technologists have come up with novel devices (finFET, Gate-All-Around), material innovations (SiGe, Ge) to boost performance and reduce power consumption. On the other hand, from the patterning side, the relative slow ramp-up of alternative lithography technologies like EUVL and DSA pushes the industry to adopt a severely multi-patterning-based solution. Both of these technological transformations have a big impact on die yield and eventually die cost. This paper is aimed to analyze the impact on manufacturing cost to keep the Moore's law alive. We have proposed and analyzed various patterning schemes that can enable cost-friendly scaling. We evaluated the impact of EUVL introduction on tackling the high cost of manufacturing. The primary objective of this paper is to maintain Moore's scaling from a patterning perspective and analyzing EUV lithography introduction at a die level.

  2. A Different Perspective of the Teaching Philosophy of RL Moore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephen L.

    2017-01-01

    Dr RL Moore was undoubtedly one of the finest mathematics teachers ever. He developed a unique teaching method designed to teach his students to think like mathematicians. His method was not designed to convey any particular mathematical knowledge. Instead, it was designed to teach his students to think. Today, his method has been modified to…

  3. Picture Books about Blacks: An Interview with Opal Moore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacCann, Donnarae; Richard, Olga

    1991-01-01

    Presents an interview with Opal Moore, who discusses Black imagery in picture books published in the last four years and the institutions that circulate that imagery. Topics discussed include the issue of race pride; interracial themes; appropriate illustrations; African versus African-American books; and the roles of publishers, books reviewers,…

  4. Biographical sketch: Charles Hewitt Moore, FRCS (1821-1870).

    PubMed

    Brand, Richard A

    2012-08-01

    This biographical sketch on Charles Moore corresponds to the historic text, The Classic: An account of a Case of Fracture and Distortion of the Pelvis, combined with an unusual form of Dislocation of the Femur (1851), available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-012-2425-1 .

  5. Study on ship automatic berthing system with mooring lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, K. U.; Hur, J. G.; Choi, M. S.; Yeo, D. J.; Byun, J. H.

    2017-03-01

    This study describes an automatic berthing system with mooring lines. It is designed to be berthed by using mooring device on the upper deck of a ship. It is to berth once maintaining parallel with the quay by controlling both forward and aft breast lines. Berthing method is used through length adjustment of mooring lines connected between ship and quay by controlling the angular velocity and the torque of hydraulic motor in mooring device. The study is conducted under three changing conditions of draft, such as even-keel, rise of the gravity center and trim to stern. Variables affecting berthing stability are determined based on the control performance of each condition. Bond graphs method is used to model the system. Controller is designed as PID control method of reference-model algorithm. The control program is composed of synchronous control system based on the equations derived with the numerical analysis. The tank test is conducted to verify the usefulness of the control program.

  6. Neuromorphic Computing: A Post-Moore's Law Complementary Architecture

    SciTech Connect

    Schuman, Catherine D; Birdwell, John Douglas; Dean, Mark; Plank, James; Rose, Garrett

    2016-01-01

    We describe our approach to post-Moore's law computing with three neuromorphic computing models that share a RISC philosophy, featuring simple components combined with a flexible and programmable structure. We envision these to be leveraged as co-processors, or as data filters to provide in situ data analysis in supercomputing environments.

  7. CLIMODE Subsurface Mooring Report: November 2005 - November 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    02. Cruise Report, CLIMODE 2, AT013, 18-31 January 2006 R/V Atlantis R/V Oceanus 434 Nov 16, 2006 - Dec 3, 2006 Cruise Report, CLIMODE 4, Leg...V Atlantis for their knowledgeable help during the CLIMODE field program. 32 Appendix A: Mooring A time series plots Figure A-1

  8. Hip hemiarthroplasty: from Venable and Bohlman to Moore and Thompson.

    PubMed

    Hernigou, Philippe; Quiennec, Steffen; Guissou, Isaac

    2014-03-01

    In 1939, Frederick R. Thompson of New York and Austin T. Moore of South Carolina separately developed replacements for the entire ball of the hip. These were used to treat hip fractures and also certain arthritis cases. This type of hemiarthroplasty addressed the problem of the arthritic femoral head only. The diseased acetabulum (hip socket) was not replaced. This prosthesis consisted of a metal stem that was placed into the marrow cavity of the femur, connected in one piece with a metal ball fitted into the hip socket. Bohlman and Austin T. Moore (1939) collaborated for the fabrication and implantation of a custom made 12-inch-long vitallium (metal alloy invented by Venable) femoral head prosthesis for a patient with a recurrent giant cell tumour. This prosthesis functioned well and later on influenced the development of long stem femoral head prostheses.

  9. Case comment: Moore v. Regents of the University of California.

    PubMed

    Bergman, H R

    1992-01-01

    The increasing use of human tissues in medical research has spawned a host of ethical and legal debates. Legal analysis in this area has almost exclusively focused on the question of property rights in both the tissues used in research and in the resulting products. One illustrative case is Moore v. Regents of the University of California, in which a patient sued his doctor for conversion of his spleen which had been removed for therapeutic purposes. The doctor later used the spleen to develop a patented and profitable cell-line. This Comment examines and rejects the property law approach to this issue. Instead, this Comment proposes two legislative changes which would 1) eliminate any trade in human tissues and 2) require doctors to inform their patients of any research interest in proposed medical procedures. These proposals resolve the problem presented in Moore, and avoid the misleading, and inevitably unanswerable, question of property rights.

  10. Technical note: GODESS - a profiling mooring in the Gotland Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prien, Ralf D.; Schulz-Bull, Detlef E.

    2016-07-01

    This note describes a profiling mooring with an interdisciplinary suite of sensors taking profiles between 180 and 30 m depth. It consists of an underwater winch, moored below 180 m depth, and a profiling instrumentation platform. In its described setup it can take about 200 profiles at pre-programmed times or intervals with one set of batteries. This allows for studies over an extended period of time (e.g. two daily profiles over a time of 3 months). The Gotland Deep Environmental Sampling Station (GODESS) in the Eastern Gotland Basin of the Baltic Sea is aimed at investigations of redoxcline dynamics. The described system can be readily adapted to other research foci by changing the profiling instrumentation platform and its payload.

  11. The Moore-Penrose Inverse of Block Magic Rectangles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hakopian, Y. R.; Eloyan, A. N.

    2007-01-01

    As is known, a semi-magic square is an "n x n" matrix having the sum of entries in each row and each column equal to a constant. This note generalizes this notion and introduce a special class of block matrices called "block magic rectangles." It is proved that the Moore-Penrose inverse of a block magic rectangle is also a block magic rectangle.

  12. Design of a Subsurface Moored Acoustic Array in Deep Water

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    concepts were a culmination of many years design teams past experience with undersea cable structures. Offshore structural analysis software [2] was...concept as a baseline, the complete STAFAC mooring with umbilicals is shown in Fig 8., both in elevation view and plan view. Umbilical cables are...navigation. The umbilicals are attached near the upper portion of the HGMS arrays to be consistent with the associate Southeast Alaska Acoustic

  13. Nuclear track studies of the Pasamonte and Moore County eucrites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilkening, L. L.

    1977-01-01

    The selective annealing technique was applied to samples from the Pasamonte eucrite with a view to obtaining fission track ages of clasts in the meteorite. The method did not permit cosmic ray tracks to be distinguished from fission tracks in either Pasamonte or Moore County. A difference between the fossil track densities observed in an igneous clast and the surrounding host material appears to be due to a pre-irradiation on the Pasamonte parent planet.

  14. The Moore-Penrose Inverse of Block Magic Rectangles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hakopian, Y. R.; Eloyan, A. N.

    2007-01-01

    As is known, a semi-magic square is an "n x n" matrix having the sum of entries in each row and each column equal to a constant. This note generalizes this notion and introduce a special class of block matrices called "block magic rectangles." It is proved that the Moore-Penrose inverse of a block magic rectangle is also a block magic rectangle.

  15. Use of Suction Piles for Mooring of Mobile Offshore Bases.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-06-11

    ANNUAL PERFORMANCE REPORT Title: Use of Suction Piles for Mooring of Mobile Offshore Bases (ONR Grant No. N00014-97-1-0887) Period: June...Literature Review The literature study on suction piles has been completed and the final report has been submitted to the Naval Facilities Engineering...Analytical Performance Study of Suction Piles The suction pile performance study using linear elastic soil material properties has been completed. Results

  16. Analysis of single point moored tanker using maneuvering hydrodynamic model

    SciTech Connect

    Nishimoto, K.; Brinati, H.L.; Fucatu, C.H.

    1995-12-31

    The Single Point Mooring Systems (SPM) are widely used as a tanker terminal in Brazilian south coast by Petrobras, Brazilian oil company. Although different authors (Wichers, 1987, Obokata, 1987, and Jiang et al., 1988) had analyzed the dynamic stability of SPM system, the down time of these systems due to large oscillatory ship motion in the horizontal plane is significant until now. The main source of the instability of these systems is considered to be the use of inadequate hawser length and bad weather. This paper deals with the dynamic behavior of SPM moored vessels considering the influence of the environmental forces as well as shallow water effects. In a first step, a nonlinear mathematical model developed for the simulation of low speed ship maneuvers (Takashina, 1986) is extended to study the behavior of a tanker moored to a single buoy in comparison with the Obokata`s SPM model, 1987. A large number of tanker motion simulations were carried out both for deep and shallow water and different environmental conditions. The influence of the system parameters shown by the study is, in general, in a good agreement with those obtained by the traditional SPM system analysis.

  17. On tethered sample and mooring systems near irregular asteroids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Yuan; Shan, Jinjun

    2014-10-01

    A tethered asteroid sample and mooring system is investigated in this paper. In this system the spacecraft is moored to the surface of an irregular asteroid such as 216 Kleopatra by using a rocket-propelled anchor with a cable. The rocket-propelled anchor is a kind of space penetrator, which can inject into asteroids at high speeds generated by its own rocket engine. It can be used to explore the interior structure of asteroids, and it can also be used as a sample collector. When the sampling mission is done, the sample can be pulled back to the spacecraft with the anchor. Using this method, the spacecraft can be kept in a safe region in which it cannot be trapped by the gravitational field of the asteroid. This work is concerned with the dynamics of the tethered system near irregular asteroids. First, a shape model and gravitational field model of irregular asteroids are built. Then, the configuration and the stability of the tethered system are investigated, and the quasi-periodic motion near the equilibrium point of the tethered system is analyzed. Finally, the non-uniform density distribution of the asteroids is considered. The deployment process and the oscillation of the tethered system in the uncertain asteroid gravity field are simulated using the Monte Carlo method. The feasibility of the tethered asteroid sample and mooring system is proved.

  18. The hydrodynamic model testing for closed loop DP assisted mooring

    SciTech Connect

    Aalbers, A.B.; Merchant, A.A.

    1996-12-31

    Far East Levingston Shipbuilding (FELS) is presently completing the construction of the Smedvig Production Unit SPU 380, which will be operated as FPSO for Esso Balder Field Offshore Norway. In good cooperation with FELS and ND and A Inc. of Houston an extensive model test program was carried out for approval and optimization of the DP assisted mooring system. The main aspects were: investigate the performance of the mooring in two water depths, i.e. 250 m and 70 m; optimization of DP control for the three azimuthing thrusters; measurement of motions and wave induced loads at e.g., the bilge keels, keel and deckhouse front; and determination of limit sea state for turning the vessel around against the weather. The tests were carried out in the Wave and Current Basin of MARIN, using a closed loop DP control system to steer the thrusters. The paper presents the findings with respect to the effect of DP control strategy on mooring loads and presents selected results of wave induced loads on bilge keels and deck house.

  19. Coupled Mooring Analyses for the WEC-Sim Wave Energy Converter Design Tool

    SciTech Connect

    Sirnivas, Senu; Yu, Yi-Hsiang; Hall, Matthew; Bosma, Bret

    2016-06-24

    A wave-energy-converter-specific time-domain modeling method (WEC-Sim) was coupled with a lumped-mass-based mooring model (MoorDyn) to improve its mooring dynamics modeling capability. This paper presents a verification and validation study on the coupled numerical method. First, a coupled model was built to simulate a 1/25 model scale floating power system connected to a traditional three-point catenary mooring with an angle of 120 between the lines. The body response and the tension force on the mooring lines at the fairlead in decay tests and under regular and irregular waves were examined. To validate and verify the coupled numerical method, the simulation results were compared to the measurements from a wave tank test and a commercial code (OrcaFlex). Second, a coupled model was built to simulate a two-body point absorber system with a chain-connected catenary system. The influence of the mooring connection on the point absorber was investigated. Overall, the study showed that the coupling of WEC-Sim and the MoorDyn model works reasonably well for simulating a floating system with practical mooring designs and predicting the corresponding dynamic loads on the mooring lines. Further analyses on improving coupling efficiency and the feasibility of applying the numerical method to simulate WEC systems with more complex mooring configuration are still needed.

  20. Coupled Mooring Analyses for the WEC-Sim Wave Energy Converter Design Tool: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Sirnivas, Senu; Yu, Yi-Hsiang; Hall, Matthew; Bosma, Bret

    2016-07-01

    A wave-energy-converter-specific time-domain modeling method (WEC-Sim) was coupled with a lumped-mass-based mooring model (MoorDyn) to improve its mooring dynamics modeling capability. This paper presents a verification and validation study on the coupled numerical method. First, a coupled model was built to simulate a 1/25 model scale floating power system connected to a traditional three-point catenary mooring with an angle of 120 between the lines. The body response and the tension force on the mooring lines at the fairlead in decay tests and under regular and irregular waves were examined. To validate and verify the coupled numerical method, the simulation results were compared to the measurements from a wave tank test and a commercial code (OrcaFlex). Second, a coupled model was built to simulate a two-body point absorber system with a chain-connected catenary system. The influence of the mooring connection on the point absorber was investigated. Overall, the study showed that the coupling of WEC-Sim and the MoorDyn model works reasonably well for simulating a floating system with practical mooring designs and predicting the corresponding dynamic loads on the mooring lines. Further analyses on improving coupling efficiency and the feasibility of applying the numerical method to simulate WEC systems with more complex mooring configuration are still needed.

  1. Effects of single moor baths on physiological stress response and psychological state: a pilot study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stier-Jarmer, M.; Frisch, D.; Oberhauser, C.; Immich, G.; Kirschneck, M.; Schuh, A.

    2017-06-01

    Moor mud applications in the form of packs and baths are widely used therapeutically as part of balneotherapy. They are commonly given as therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, with their thermo-physical effects being furthest studied. Moor baths are one of the key therapeutic elements in our recently developed and evaluated 3-week prevention program for subjects with high stress level and increased risk of developing a burnout syndrome. An embedded pilot study add-on to this core project was carried out to assess the relaxing effect of a single moor bath. During the prevention program, 78 participants received a total of seven moor applications, each consisting of a moor bath (42 °C, 20 min, given between 02:30 and 05:20 p.m.) followed by resting period (20 min). Before and after the first moor application in week 1, and the penultimate moor application in week 3, salivary cortisol was collected, blood pressure and heart rate were measured, and mood state (Multidimensional Mood State Questionnaire) was assessed. A Friedman test of differences among repeated measures was conducted. Post hoc analyses were performed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. A significant decrease in salivary cortisol concentration was seen between pre- and post-moor bath in week 1 (Z = -3.355, p = 0.0008). A non-significant decrease was seen between pre- and post-moor bath in week 3. Mood state improved significantly after both moor baths. This pilot study has provided initial evidence on the stress-relieving effects of single moor baths, which can be a sensible and recommendable therapeutic element of multimodal stress-reducing prevention programs. The full potential of moor baths still needs to be validated. A randomized controlled trial should be conducted comparing this balneo-therapeutic approach against other types of stress reduction interventions.

  2. The impact energy of a moored tanker under the action of regular waves

    SciTech Connect

    Yu-Cheng Li

    1982-09-01

    The influence that factors such as mooring line conditions, fender arrangements, dolphin arrangements, degree of ship loading, waves of long period, wave direction, and wind on the impact energy of a moored tanker were studied. Based on systematic test data, a semi-empirical formula was developed to calculate the impact energy of the moored ship on the berthing facilities under the action of regular waves. It was shown by experiment that this method is suitable for calculating the impact energy of moored ships of capacities as great as 200 X 10/sup 3/ t.

  3. Selection and optimization of mooring cables on floating platform for special purposes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Guang-ying; Yao, Yun-long; Zhao, Chen-yao

    2017-08-01

    This paper studied a new type of assembled marine floating platform for special purposes. The selection and optimization of mooring cables on the floating platform are studied. By using ANSYS AQWA software, the hydrodynamic model of the platform was established to calculate the time history response of the platform motion under complex water environments, such as wind, wave, current and mooring. On this basis, motion response and cable tension were calculated with different cable mooring states under the designed environmental load. Finally, the best mooring scheme to meet the cable strength requirements was proposed, which can lower the motion amplitude of the platform effectively.

  4. 67. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON EXPERIMENTAL HALL (51B), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    67. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. BEVATRON EXPERIMENTAL HALL (51B), LOOKING SOUTH EAST - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  5. Turbulence Measurements from Compliant Moorings. Part I: Motion Characterization

    DOE PAGES

    Harding, Samuel; Kilcher, Levi; Thomson, Jim

    2017-06-01

    High-fidelity measurements of turbulence in the ocean have long been challenging to collect, in particular in the middle of the water column. In response, a measurement technique has been developed to deploy an acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) to midwater locations on a compliant mooring. A variety of instrumentation platforms have been deployed as part of this work with a range of dynamic motion characteristics. The platforms discussed herein include the streamlined StableMoor buoy (SMB), the Tidal Turbulence Mooring (TTM) system based on a conventional 0.9-m spherical buoy, and a 100-lb sounding weight suspended from the stern of a research vessel.more » The ADV head motion is computed from inertial motion sensors integrated into an ADV, and the spectra of these signals are investigated to quantify the motion of each platform. The SMB with a single ADV head mounted on the nose provided the most stable platform for the measurement of tidal turbulence in the inertial subrange for flow speeds exceeding 1.0 m s-1. The modification of the SMB with a transverse wing configuration for multiple ADVs showed a similar frequency response to the nose configuration in the horizontal plane but with large contamination in the vertical direction as a result of platform roll. While the ADV motion on the TTM was significant in the horizontal directions, the vertical motion of this configuration was the most stable of all configurations tested. The sounding weight measurements showed the greatest motion at the ADV head but are likely to be influenced by both prop-wash and vessel motion.« less

  6. Moored Current Observations in the Southern Bay of Bengal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teague, W. J.; Wijesekera, H. W.; Jarosz, E.; Jensen, T.; Wang, D. W.; Fernando, H. J. S.; Hallock, Z.

    2016-02-01

    Deep moorings were deployed in the southern Bay of Bengal by the Naval Research Laboratory as part of the EBOB (Effects of Bay of Bengal Freshwater Flux on Indian Ocean Monsoon) program in an effort facilitated by the Office of Naval Research and also part of the international research program , ASIRI (Air-Sea Interactions in the Northern Indian Ocean; (2013-2017). Six moorings were deployed in December 2013 and recovered in August 2015. Each mooring contained two acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs), an upward -looking 300 kHz ADCP and a downward-looking 75 kHz ADCP, mounted on a flotation ball (at depths ranging from 20 to 75m) which provided current velocity profiles for the upper 500 m of the water column, at water depths of about 3800 m. Additionally, seventeen to nineteen sensors, measuring temperature, salinity, and pressure, were mounted over an interval of about 400m below the ADCPs. Wavelet analyses show significant peaks at periods of about 12 h, 5 d, 40 d, 70 d, and 320 d. The peak at about 12 h is tidal. The 5 d peak is likely related to inertial or atmospheric activity. Large near-surface currents (6 m) in excess of 140 cm/s were observed and were consistent with southwest monsoon winds of 10 to 15 m/s. Currents exceeding 50 cm/s were found down to depths of 80 m. Currents greater than 20 cm/s were common at depths of 450 m. High salinity inflow was observed during the summer monsoon periods. The observed current magnitudes in the interior of the southern Bay of Bengal were similar in magnitude to boundary currents observed near Sri Lanka.

  7. Patrick Moore's millennium yearbook : the view from AD 1001

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, Patrick, Chapman, Allan

    In a year that will probably be remembered almost as much for books about the millennium as for the turn of 2000 A.D itself, Patrick Moore's Millennium Yearbook celebrates.....well, the wrong millennium! This thoroughly entertaining book - which is for everyone, not just astronomers - contains articles on King Alfred's chronological work, reviews of the new Star Catalogue by the Arab Al-Sufi and the latest edition of Ptolemy's Almagast. And foreshadowing the change to metric units by 1000 years, the book uses arabic numbers instead of Roman - but there is a conversion table if you have trouble with the idea of "zero" and prefer the older system.

  8. Architecture of an Expert System for Oceanographic Mooring Design.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-10-01

    force of ac -ichor N p= coefficient of friction W = weight of anchor- in water N = normal force opposing the weight of the anchor T= vertical force by...Balls i Dual Acoustic Releases with tension Bars Dual Acoustic Releases 5- m Chain - * DATE Un IverSIt of m PsmAS ocean Fnqineerinq Dent. DRAFTp CHECPI...Mooring Assembly 500m 10m_ ln Wire Rope w/Fairings 3/16" -. VACM w/Jacket 495m 3/lb WR w/Jacket w/Fairings 1000w AC 494m 3/16" WR w/Jacket 1500m - VACM

  9. Mississippi River Navigation System. Environmental Evaluations of Proposed Mooring Facilities.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    In the eastern half of the basin the stream gradients are steep; there are flash floods during the rainy season , and low flows during the dry seasons ...important fur bearing animals, with oppossum, raccoon and fox also being trapped in signficant numbers . 2.6.3 Cultural Features The population of the basin...ndesear and Idefy~f 61P 6(ek number ) 2L. AWRACr (C101w m revere o N mewem MA ideUt& by Week nmbod 2As Part of the Mississippi River Mooring Study, an

  10. Diego Garcia Fleet Moorings Underwater Inspection Project Execution Plan.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    CHESAPEAKE DIV 1980 UNCLRSSIFIED COE$/NAVFC-FPO-8225 F/G 3 /2 ML iiiiiiiiimmE 13.2. Hill-.- g HIIIIL5 11.2 MIr~nropW CHART IDTIC ~DIV ~DIEGO GARCIA...lb. RESTRICTIVE MARKINGS Unclassified 2a. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY 3 . DISTRIBUTION AVAILABILITY OF REP. . Approved for public release...Leg 40 C. TWO POL PIER BUOY DOLPHINS 8.0 Background 41 9.0 Mooring Dolphin System Description 41 10.0 Inspection Procedures 44 10.1 Buoy 44 10.2 Bottom

  11. Fleet Mooring Underwater Inspection Report La Maddalena, Italy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-01

    in two . phases. During Phase One, with the Tender moored in place, the divers used an "" underwater television camera to video tape the existing...dlPorto4 LIO BIANO -I SCOGLIO AS AC SLC;CA DI PUINTANERA 0 NASSUP~ss MEZZOe 1-OJEIELE:;--- TONDO’ * DA DI LA MADDALENk’ -1 - - _ * STEFAO 04 - paga . el...Pese.ZUCCHERO k~ 11 A, paga dlPse’> SANT : A DEL AL.AU ISOLOTTO ROMA %’\\ -- - . * ~.- ~ ’~-KFuniv dodja udob -Forte’S. Giorgia-o - \\\\Y\\ - -a (Nak

  12. Intel turns to photonics to extend Moore's law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hitz, Breck

    2009-07-01

    Mario Paniccia settles into his chair with an air of confidence that comes from having been right all along. "We have done all the things that sceptics said we could not," he says. Paniccia, who is director of Intel's Photonics Technology Laboratory in Santa Clara, California, ticks off his group's accomplishments: silicon lasers; high-speed silicon modulators; fast, sensitive silicon photodetectors in the infrared. "We have got beyond the proof-of-principle stage," he says. "Now we're putting it all together so that Moore's law can extend for decades into the future."

  13. SQUAW Mooring Project. Volume 2. Appendix 2. Project Execution Plan.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-09-01

    STRONCBACK 40 KIP AMF o STRONGBACK 100 KIP (3 EA.) NDBC o RELEASE ELECTRONICS INTERSTATE ELECTRONICS CORP. o RELEASE RINGS (6 EA.) AMF o MASTER RELEASE...LINK (8 EA.) CROSBY (MFR) "° FLASHING LIGHTS (2 EA.) OCEI SQUAW - NIGHT TIME MARKER BUOY ASSY. (2 EA.) PWC, S. D. SQUAW - MOORED DEPTH ELECTRONIC ...lights are not to be used while the SQUAW is being towed. An electronics package will be installed on deck by PWC. This package is to be provided by NOSC

  14. Engineer Design of a Mono-Mooring System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1966-01-01

    PREPARATION OF CARGO PRODUCT PIPINGVI. OPERATIONAL TEST PROCEDURES ,4?JL) J 6.0 INTRODUCTION 6.1 TESTS AND TRIALS 1 6.2 MACHINERY 1 6.3 ELECTRICAL6.4 PIPING ...design 1 2. Preliminary piping design 3. Preliminary mooring system design 4. Preliminary swivel design I 5. Anchor system component selection 6...outboar d flan ge of buoy pro duct piping to tanker mani fold durin g cargo transfer. Floats Cylindrically-shaped floats which provide necessary buoy- ancy

  15. Cabled-observatory Regional Circulation Moorings on the Endeavour segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mihaly, S. F.

    2011-12-01

    In September of 2010, one of four moorings was deployed on the Endeavour node of the NEPTUNE Canada cabled-observatory network. The installation included the laying of a 7km cable from the node to the mooring site in the axial valley about 3km north of the Main Endeavour Vent Field over extraordinary bathymetry. This September, three more cables and secondary junction boxes will be deployed to support the three additional moorings that complete the regional circulation array. The cable-laying is facilitated by the Canadian Scientific Submersible Facility's ROV ROPOS and a remotely operated cable-laying system, whereas the actual deployment of the moorings is a two ship operation. The CCGS John P. Tully lowers the mooring anchor first, while the RV Thomas G. Thompson supports the ROV operations which navigate the mooring to underwater mateable cable end. Precise navigation is needed because there are few areas suitable for placement of the junction boxes. Scientifically, the moorings are designed and located to best constrain the hydrothermally driven circulation within the rift valley, the regional circulation can then be used as a proxy measurement for hydrothermal fluxes. Each mooring carries a current meter/ ctd pair at 4, 50, 125, and 200m, with an upward looking ADCP at 250m. The northern moorings are located between the Hi-Rise and Salty Dawg fields about 700m apart in the ~1km wide rift valley and the southern moorings are located south of the Mothra vent field. Here we present initial results from the four mooring array.

  16. Tender mooring for infill drilling operations: A case study

    SciTech Connect

    1997-04-01

    The Tapis-pump platform is a four-leg jacket structure located 230 ft south of the Tapis-D platform and connected to it by a walkway bridge. All crude production (360,000 B/D) from Esso Production Malaysia Inc. (EPMI) wells in the South China Sea offshore Terengganu is piped to the Tapais-pump platform for pumping to an onshore terminal. The continuous operation of this platform is essential. The Tapis-D platform is a manned production platform that also acts as a central communication center and emergency response command center for EPMI`s offshore operations in the South China Sea. A total of nine wells is planned for an infill drilling program at the Tapis-D platform. The rig selected for this infill drilling program is a self-erecting tender-assisted rig that uses an eight-point wire rope mooring system. Eleven pipelines are connected to the Tapis-pump/Tapis-D platform complex. All the pipelines were laid on the seafloor without any special external protection and were not tied down or anchored. The paper describes the planning of the mooring system for drilling.

  17. Flow-induced oscillations of a floating moored cylinder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlson, Daniel; Modarres-Sadeghi, Yahya

    2016-11-01

    An experimental study of flow-induced oscillations of a floating model spar buoy was conducted. The model spar consisted of a floating uniform cylinder moored in a water tunnel test section, and free to oscillate about its mooring attachment point near the center of mass. For the bare cylinder, counter-clockwise (CCW) figure-eight trajectories approaching A* =1 in amplitude were observed at the lower part of the spar for a reduced velocity range of U* =4-11, while its upper part experienced clockwise (CW) orbits. It was hypothesized that the portion of the spar undergoing CCW figure eights is the portion within which the flow excites the structure. By adding helical strakes to the portion of the cylinder with CCW figure eights, the response amplitude was significantly reduced, while adding strakes to portions with clockwise orbital motion had a minimal influence on the amplitude of response. This work is partially supported by the NSF-sponsored IGERT: Offshore Wind Energy Engineering, Environmental Science, and Policy (Grant Number 1068864).

  18. Intra-operative implantation errors during Austin Moore Hemiarthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Naqvi, Zohaib Gulzar; Markhand, Javed Ali; Ahmed, Syed Kamran; Chinoy, Amin; Khan, Mansoor Ali

    2016-10-01

    Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty is an established treatment in elderly patients with neck of femur fractures. Being commonly performed, it is also associated with several technical errors of implantation which results in complications and failure requiring revision surgery. This retrospective pre- and post-operative radiographic study to determine the frequency of technical errors was conducted at the Indus Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of 50 patients who underwent Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty between January and November 2016. Of the total, 29(58%%) patients had no error of implantation. Overhanging of prosthesis was observed in 21(42%) patients, followed by inadequate length of the neck remnant in 18(36%). Moreover, 8(16%) patients sustained intra-operative periprosthetic fractures managed with cerclage wire. Also, 33(66%) patients had a Dorr type-Afemur morphologic pattern. Hemiarthroplasty was found to be a technically demanding procedure associated with avoidable intra-operative implantation errors by proper preoperative planning, careful patient selection, proper training of surgeons, hence avoiding failure.

  19. Influencing Factors on Life-Cycle Cost of Mooring Facilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, Wataru; Yokota, Hiroshi; Hashimoto, Katsufumi; Furuya, Koichi; Kato, Hirotoshi

    It is required that infrastructure should satisfy performance requirement through their service life based on an appropriate life cycle management strategy. Now adays, to determine the maintenance strategy and to consider the appropriate timing and method of intervention, the life-cycle cost (LCC) has been widely used as one of the decision-making indices. However, many factors influence on the estimation of LCC and they have not been adequately investigated. In this paper, the authors have made analytical investigation to quantify the influence of important factors on the results of LCC estimation. Four kinds of mooring facilities are focused; two of them are open-type wharves and the other two are sheet pile type quay walls having different design water depths. Prediction of deterioration progress and performance degradation is made by using the Markov models. The influences of structural sizes, transition probability in the Markov model, design service life, periodic inspection and methods of intervention on LCC were investigated. The influence of those factors has been discussed based on the calculated results of LCC by creating the maintenance scenarios for model mooring facilities.

  20. Welcome Home Annie: Rethinking Ellis Island and Annie Moore in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercurio, Mia

    2008-01-01

    The story of the United States and the people who have made it their home would not be complete without considering the experience of Irish immigrants--particularly the experience of Annie Moore, the first immigrant to be processed on Ellis Island. However, the story of Annie Moore, and how it has been recounted and taught to date, is inaccurate.…

  1. Using the "Mary Tyler Moore Show" as a Feminist Teaching Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jule, Allyson

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the use of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" as a teaching tool used with a group of final-year undergraduate students who gathered together last academic year (2007-8) to explore Women in Leadership, as part of a Communications course. The research focus was: How can the use of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" (a…

  2. Benjamin Moore, Science, and Medical Planning in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Gordon S.

    2008-01-01

    Benjamin Moore (1867-1922), physiologist and biochemist, was an eminent member of the British scientific and medical community in the early twentieth century. As a founder and president of the State Medical Services Association (SMSA) from its establishment in 1912 until his untimely death in 1922, Moore was a prominent medical services activist…

  3. 33 CFR 147.1106 - Exxon Santa Ynez offshore storage and treatment vessel mooring safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exxon Santa Ynez offshore storage and treatment vessel mooring safety zone. 147.1106 Section 147.1106 Navigation and Navigable Waters... § 147.1106 Exxon Santa Ynez offshore storage and treatment vessel mooring safety zone. (a)...

  4. Benjamin Moore, Science, and Medical Planning in Early Twentieth-Century Britain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Gordon S.

    2008-01-01

    Benjamin Moore (1867-1922), physiologist and biochemist, was an eminent member of the British scientific and medical community in the early twentieth century. As a founder and president of the State Medical Services Association (SMSA) from its establishment in 1912 until his untimely death in 1922, Moore was a prominent medical services activist…

  5. Welcome Home Annie: Rethinking Ellis Island and Annie Moore in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercurio, Mia

    2008-01-01

    The story of the United States and the people who have made it their home would not be complete without considering the experience of Irish immigrants--particularly the experience of Annie Moore, the first immigrant to be processed on Ellis Island. However, the story of Annie Moore, and how it has been recounted and taught to date, is inaccurate.…

  6. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security Zone: LNG mooring slip... § 165.751 Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia. (a) Security zone. The... security zone; or (4) Actively engaged in escort, maneuvering, or support duties for an LNG tankship....

  7. 33 CFR 401.37 - Mooring at tie-up walls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-up walls. (a) Upon arrival at a lock, a vessel awaiting instructions to advance shall moor at the tie-up wall, close up to the designated limit or approach sign or to the ship preceding it, whichever is... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Mooring at tie-up walls....

  8. 33 CFR 401.37 - Mooring at tie-up walls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-up walls. (a) Upon arrival at a lock, a vessel awaiting instructions to advance shall moor at the tie-up wall, close up to the designated limit or approach sign or to the ship preceding it, whichever is... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mooring at tie-up walls....

  9. 33 CFR 401.37 - Mooring at tie-up walls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-up walls. (a) Upon arrival at a lock, a vessel awaiting instructions to advance shall moor at the tie-up wall, close up to the designated limit or approach sign or to the ship preceding it, whichever is... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Mooring at tie-up walls....

  10. 33 CFR 401.37 - Mooring at tie-up walls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-up walls. (a) Upon arrival at a lock, a vessel awaiting instructions to advance shall moor at the tie-up wall, close up to the designated limit or approach sign or to the ship preceding it, whichever is... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Mooring at tie-up walls....

  11. 33 CFR 401.37 - Mooring at tie-up walls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mooring at tie-up walls. 401.37 Section 401.37 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Seaway Navigation § 401.37 Mooring at tie...

  12. Using the "Mary Tyler Moore Show" as a Feminist Teaching Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jule, Allyson

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the use of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" as a teaching tool used with a group of final-year undergraduate students who gathered together last academic year (2007-8) to explore Women in Leadership, as part of a Communications course. The research focus was: How can the use of "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" (a…

  13. Implementation of an Expert System for Design of Single-Point Subsurface Oceanographic Moorings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    POINT SUBSURFACE OCEANOGRAPHIC MOORINGS by Santhosh Kumaran and Richard A. Skop December 1988 Approved for public release. Distribution unlimited...Single-(PltSubsurface Oceanographic Moorings !Z. PERSONAL ALITHOR(S) i Santhosh Kuraran and Richard A. Skop 13a. TYPE OF REPORT 13b. TIME COVERED 1i4

  14. Analysis and design of trial well mooring in deepwater of the South China Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Yongfeng; Ji, Shaojun; Tang, Changquan; Li, Jiansong; Zhong, Huiquan; Ian, Ong Chin Yam

    2012-06-01

    Mooring systems play an important role for semi-submersible rigs that drill in deepwater. A detailed analysis was carried out on the mooring of a semi-submersible rig that conducted a trial well drilling at a deepwater location in the South China Sea in 2009. The rig was 30 years old and had a shallow platform with a designed maximum operating water depth of 457 m. Following the mooring analysis, a mooring design was given that requires upgrading of the rig's original mooring system. The upgrade included several innovations, such as installing eight larger anchors, i.e. replacing the original anchors and inserting an additional 600 m of steel wires with the existing chains. All this was done to enhance the mooring capability of the rig in order for the rig to be held in position to conduct drilling at a water depth of 476 m. The overall duration of the drilling was 50 days and the upgraded mooring system proved to be efficient in achieving the goal of keeping the rig stationary while it was drilling the trial well in the South China Sea. This successful campaign demonstrates that an older semi-submersible rig can take on drilling in deep water after careful design and proper upgrading and modification to the original mooring system.

  15. Verification and Validation of Multisegmented Mooring Capabilities in FAST v8

    SciTech Connect

    Andersen, Morten T.; Wendt, Fabian F.; Robertson, Amy N.; Jonkman, Jason M.; Hall, Matthew

    2016-07-01

    The quasi-static and dynamic mooring modules of the open-source aero-hydro-servo-elastic wind turbine simulation software, FAST v8, have previously been verified and validated, but only for mooring arrangements consisting of single lines connecting each fairlead and anchor. This paper extends the previous verification and validation efforts to focus on the multisegmented mooring capability of the FAST v8 modules: MAP++, MoorDyn, and the OrcaFlex interface. The OC3-Hywind spar buoy system tested by the DeepCwind consortium at the MARIN ocean basin, which includes a multisegmented bridle layout of the mooring system, was used for the verification and validation activities.

  16. Verification and Validation of Multisegmented Mooring Capabilities in FAST v8: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Andersen, Morten T.; Wendt, Fabian; Robertson, Amy; Jonkman, Jason; Hall, Matthew

    2016-08-01

    The quasi-static and dynamic mooring modules of the open-source aero-hydro-servo-elastic wind turbine simulation software, FAST v8, have previously been verified and validated, but only for mooring arrangements consisting of single lines connecting each fairlead and anchor. This paper extends the previous verification and validation efforts to focus on the multisegmented mooring capability of the FAST v8 modules: MAP++, MoorDyn, and the OrcaFlex interface. The OC3-Hywind spar buoy system tested by the DeepCwind consortium at the MARIN ocean basin, which includes a multisegmented bridle layout of the mooring system, was used for the verification and validation activities.

  17. What is going on up there? - The Chukchi Sea Ecosystem Mooring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janzen, C.; McCammon, M.; Danielson, S. L.; Winsor, P.; Hopcroft, R. R.; Lalande, C.; Stafford, K.; Hauri, C.; McDonnell, A. M. P.

    2016-02-01

    As Arctic regions are projected to strongly reflect the impacts of a changing climate, an effort is underway to make sustained, year-round measurements of concurrent physical and biogeochemical parameters in the Arctic. Deploying highly instrumented year-round moorings in the water is no simple feat, given harsh Arctic conditions that include the presence of sea ice and deep ice keels during much of the year. Enter the late-breaking ecosystem mooring located in the northeast Chukchi Sea. This mooring complements established biophysical moorings elsewhere in the northern Bering and Chukchi seas, including those maintained by NOAA-PMEL (M8), UW-APL (Bering Strait) and JAMSTEC moorings. (southern Chukchi and Barrow Canyon). The mooring described here is located on the southern flank of Hanna Shoal and provides a multi-disciplinary approach to year-round observations within a biological hotspot. The Chukchi Ecosystem Mooring is equipped with a sensor suite aimed to monitor and document the state of ocean acidification, nutrient and carbon cycles, particles, waves, currents and physical properties, and even passive and active acoustic monitoring for zooplankton, fish, and marine mammals. Having the simultaneous interdisciplinary measurements provides data valuable to an ecosystem-based approach to research and resource management. The fully outfitted observatory is providing an unprecedented view into the mechanistic workings of the Chukchi Shelf Ecosystem. The first mooring was deployed in September 2014 and recovered in August 2015. The August 2015 deployment consisted of three moorings, each with incremental sensor packages to complete the ecosystem sensor suite. The mooring construction and instrumentation are described in detail, including introduction to the advances in sensor technologies that enable such deployments. Year one data recovery summaries and plots are provided to demonstrate the capabilities.

  18. 75 FR 6065 - Extension of Public Comment Period on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Moore...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-05

    ... COMMISSION Extension of Public Comment Period on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Moore Ranch... for the NRC's Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (Draft SEIS) for the Moore Ranch In... public comment period on the Draft SEIS for the Moore Ranch ISR Project to March 3, 2010. DATES:...

  19. 75 FR 1839 - Notice of Opportunity for Public Comment on Surplus Property Release at Moore County Airport...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-13

    ... Moore County Airport, Pinehurst/Southern Pines, NC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... that the FAA is considering a request from the Moore County Airport Authority to waive the requirement that a 27.7 acre parcel of surplus property, located at the Moore County Airport, be used...

  20. 33 CFR 149.575 - How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? 149.575 Section 149.575... objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? (a) Each object protruding from the water that is within 100 yards of a platform or single point mooring (SPM...

  1. 33 CFR 149.575 - How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? 149.575 Section 149.575... objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? (a) Each object protruding from the water that is within 100 yards of a platform or single point mooring (SPM...

  2. A new concept for airship mooring and ground handling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaughan, J. C.

    1975-01-01

    Calculations were made to determine the feasibility of applying the negative air cushion (NAC) principle to the mooring of airships. Pressures required for the inflation of the flexible trunks are not excessive and the maintenance of sufficient hold down force is possible in winds up to 50 knots. Fabric strength requirements for a typical NAC sized for a 10-million cubic foot airship were found to be approximately 200 lbs./in. Corresponding power requirements range between 66-HP and 5600-HP. No consideration was given to the internal airship loads caused by the use of a NAC and further analysis in much greater detail is required before this method could be applied to an actual design, however, the basic concept appears to be sound and no problem areas of a fundamental nature are apparent.

  3. Public Works Center Pearl Harbor Fleet Moorings Underwater Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    CHESNAVFACENGCOM REPORT FPO-1-83, "PWC PEARL HARBOR FLEET MOORINGS INSPECTION REPORT... -’..-.-..;-.-. . s,’. v V’* vi. 0.0 o 4. t!J IA -0 iiiA a𔃼 𔃺’ CL :2I...8217 . . 7 - - - -- - - ". iA Avi << o, .t2.% -AAl ZLI. ,1* . . . . . . . . 4 vi * U)A 0 a 7 -uj z .13 Zn x- -I-z 0 z d= -3 I =- I u2 (N N I...I * * J .p II VI%’ I1. IA IIIq 9> <-- - - - - - - - - - _us: * > 13 Z - - - -A- - zz C6 aa wi a 06 > cc - - _=j = - =Il p 2 Z

  4. Transaction Performance vs. Moore's Law: A Trend Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nambiar, Raghunath; Poess, Meikel

    Intel co-founder Gordon E. Moore postulated in his famous 1965 paper that the number of components in integrated circuits had doubled every year from their invention in 1958 until 1965, and then predicted that the trend would continue for at least ten years. Later, David House, an Intel colleague, after factoring in the increase in performance of transistors, concluded that integrated circuits would double in performance every 18 months. Despite this trend in microprocessor improvements, your favored text editor continues to take the same time to start and your PC takes pretty much the same time to reboot as it took 10 years ago. Can this observation be made on systems supporting the fundamental aspects of our information based economy, namely transaction processing systems?

  5. Turbulence Measurements from Compliant Moorings - Part I: Motion Characterization

    DOE PAGES

    Harding, Samuel; Kilcher, Levi; Thomson, Jim

    2017-06-20

    High-fidelity measurements of turbulence in the ocean have long been challenging to collect, in particular in the middle of the water column. In response, a measurement technique has been developed to deploy an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) to mid-water locations on a compliant mooring. A variety of instrumentation platforms have been deployed as part of this work with a range of dynamic motion characteristics. The platforms discussed herein include the streamlined StableMoor™ buoy (SMB), the Tidal Turbulence Mooring (TTM) system based on a conventional 0.9 m spherical buoy, and a 100 lb sounding weight suspended from the stern of amore » research vessel. The ADV head motion is computed from inertial motion sensors integrated into an ADV, and the spectra of these signals are investigated to quantify the motion of each platform. The SMB with a single ADV head mounted on the nose provided the most stable platform for the measurement of tidal turbulence in the inertial sub-range for flow speeds exceeding 1:0 ms-1. The modification of the SMB with a transverse wing configuration for multiple ADVs showed a similar frequency response to the nose configuration in the horizontal plane but with large contamination in the vertical direction as a result of platform roll. While the ADV motion on the TTM was significant in the horizontal directions, the vertical motion of this configuration was the most stable of all configurations tested. The sounding weight measurements showed the greatest motion at the ADV head but are likely to be influenced by both prop-wash and vessel motion.« less

  6. Results from a winter 2009-2010 nearshore mooring test in 25 m water depth off Newport, Oregon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dever, E. P.; Waldorf, B. W.; Risien, C. M.

    2010-12-01

    As part of the NSF-funded Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI), two surface moorings will be placed in 25 m water depth off Newport, Oregon and Grays Harbor, Washington. These moorings are intended to acquire continuous observations over the inner-shelf, where the surface boundary layer interacts continuously with the ocean bottom boundary layer. The moorings will utilize the WHOI-developed stretch hose technology implemented at several operational moorings along the US east coast. For the purposes of mooring survival, the largest significant waves need to be considered. Analysis of the historical record indicates the 100-year return period storm would generate 14.5 m high waves. The harsh wind and wave conditions encountered over the inner-shelf have the potential to cause mooring failure either by destroying surface buoy components, or by causing subsurface mooring components to fail. For example, during a winter storm in December 2007, several NDBC moorings along the Oregon and Washington coasts broke. To test modeling of mooring performance under winter conditions we constructed a test/pilot mooring with hardware, communications and power similar to the OOI buoy design. The test focused on the survivability of components. The mooring was equipped with a load cell to examine responses under varying wave and mean flow conditions. A secondary objective of the deployment was to test Ship-to-Ship/Ship-to-Shore Wireless Access Protocol (SWAP) telemetry from the buoy to shore over a distance of 1.5 km. Load cell data as well as buoy instruments (conductivity, temperature) were telemetered. This test mooring was deployed near one of the OOI sites in 25 m of water off Newport, Oregon in late October 2009. The mooring parted in mid-March 2010, two weeks prior to planned recovery. We recovered all mooring components, and we will report on the mooring design, the test, and the science and engineering data received.

  7. Optimization and automation of the semi-submersible platforms mooring design

    SciTech Connect

    Ferrari, J.A. Jr.; Morooka, C.K.

    1994-12-31

    There are a few calculation programs around the world used for determining the main aspects of the Mooring Design of Semi-Submersible Platforms . These programs bold a worldwide acknowledgement and their results are actually reliable. But they require many runs to get a solution that comply with the Classification Society requirements. This paper presents some procedures in order to optimize the semi-submersible mooring design as well as to make it automatic. Regarding the optimization philosophies, the following aspects are treated: (1) the optimization of the platform heading and the mooring pattern based on the spreading of the environmental forces; (2) the searching for the optimum mooring line composition in an automatic mode. Basically, the paper`s main goal is to introduce some methods to find the lowest cost solution for the mooring system in a short time. All of these methods were computationally implemented creating the intelligent system named PROANC, which deals with the semi-submersible mooring design in a quasi-static and deterministic approach. It should be noted that the proposed system exerts a strong appeal as a design tool for feasibility studies of a given oil field and its quasi-static results can be directly applied to a mooring program capable of performing dynamic analysis. Finally some simulations are executed for different water depths and its final results, including the expended time to run, are presented in order to prove the PROANC system wide potential as a design tool.

  8. Design and implementation of a new low-cost subsurface mooring system for efficient data recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Tian, Chuan; Deng, Zhiqun; Tian, Jiwei; Zhao, Wei; Song, Dalei; Xu, Ming; Xu, Xiaoyang; Lu, Jun

    2013-09-23

    Mooring systems are the most effective method for making sustained time series observations in the oceans. Generally there are two types of ocean mooring systems: surface and subsurface. Subsurface mooring system is less likely to be damaged after deployment than surface system. However, subsurface system usually needs to be retrieved from the ocean for data recovery. This paper describes the design and implementation of a new low-cost subsurface mooring system for efficient data recovery: Timed Communication Buoy System (TCBS). TCBS is usually integrated in the main float and the designated data is downloaded from the control system. After data retrieval, TCBS will separate from main float, rise up to the sea surface, and transmit data by satellite communication.

  9. 68. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. B51 SHOWING HIGH BAY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    68. Joe Moore, Photographer. September, 1996. B51 SHOWING HIGH BAY DOOR (C) and B51L IN FOREGROUND - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  10. Study on global performances and mooring-induced damping of a semi-submersible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Ling-zhi; Yang, Jian-min; Lv, Hai-ning; Zhao, Wen-hua; Kou, Yu-feng

    2016-10-01

    The harsh environmental conditions bring strong nonlinearities to the hydrodynamic performances of the offshore floating platforms, which challenge the reliable prediction of the platform coupled with the mooring system. The present study investigates a typical semi-submersible under both the operational and the survival conditions through numerical and experimental methods. The motion responses, the mooring line tensions, and the wave loads on the longitudinal mid-section are investigated by both the fully non-linearly coupled numerical simulation and the physical experiment. Particularly, in the physical model test, the wave loads distributed on the semi-submersible's mid-section were measured by dividing the model into two parts, namely the port and the starboard parts, which were rigidly connected by three six-component force transducers. It is concluded that both the numerical and physical model can have good prediction of the semi-submersible's global responses. In addition, an improved numerical approach is proposed for the estimation of the mooring-induced damping, and is validated by both the experimental and the published results. The characteristics of the mooring-induced damping are further summarized in various sea states, including the operational and the survival environments. In order to obtain the better prediction of the system response in deep water, the mooring-induced damping of the truncated mooring lines applied in the physical experiment are compensated by comparing with those in full length. Furthermore, the upstream taut and the downstream slack mooring lines are classified and investigated to obtain the different mooring line damping performances in the comparative study.

  11. Measuring Turbulence from Moored Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters. A Manual to Quantifying Inflow at Tidal Energy Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Kilcher, Levi; Thomson, Jim; Talbert, Joe; DeKlerk, Alex

    2016-03-01

    This work details a methodology for measuring hub height inflow turbulence using moored acoustic Doppler velocimiters (ADVs). This approach is motivated by the shortcomings of alternatives. For example, remote velocity measurements (i.e., from acoustic Doppler profilers) lack sufficient precision for device simulation, and rigid tower-mounted measurements are very expensive and technically challenging in the tidal environment. Moorings offer a low-cost, site-adaptable and robust deployment platform, and ADVs provide the necessary precision to accurately quantify turbulence.

  12. Evolution and formation of North Atlantic Eighteen Degree Water in the Sargasso Sea from moored data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, Xujing Jia; Straneo, Fiammetta; Kwon, Young-Oh; Kelly, Kathryn A.; Toole, John M.

    2013-07-01

    Two profiling subsurface moorings were deployed as part of the CLIvar MOde Water Dynamics Experiment (CLIMODE) to study the formation and evolution of Eighteen Degree Water (EDW) from November 2006 to November 2007. Both moorings were deployed south of the Gulf Stream in the EDW outcrop region, the northwestern part of the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic. The two moorings captured the seasonal evolution of EDW characterized by gradual mixed layer deepening and wintertime outcrop, rapid restratification from May to June and slower dissipation during the rest of the year. Superimposed on this seasonal cycle, the moored records are characterized by high frequency passing of eddies with a characteristic time scale of ˜10 days, i.e. it took about 10 days for eddies to pass the mooring sites. The net impact of these eddy fluxes is evaluated by analyzing one-dimensional heat and salt budgets of the upper ocean at the moorings and comparing them to the local air-sea fluxes. It is shown that oceanic lateral fluxes converge heat and salt into the formation region during winter thus offsetting the heat loss to the atmosphere and influencing the formation of EDW. A comparison with results from a one-dimensional model shows that without the lateral fluxes EDW would outcrop earlier and it would be colder and fresher. The warm, salty waters transported into the region originate from the Gulf Stream and this suggests that frontal processes likely play a fundamental role in EDW formation and its evolution.

  13. Dynamic response analysis of the equivalent water depth truncated point of the catenary mooring line

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Huo-ming; Kong, Ling-bin; Guan, Wei-bing; Huang, Sai-hua; Fang, Gui-sheng

    2017-03-01

    The real-time computer-controlled actuators are used to connect the truncated parts of moorings and risers in the active hybrid model testing system. This must be able to work in model-scale real time, based on feedback input from the floater motions. Thus, mooring line dynamics and damping effects are artificially simulated in real time, based on a computer-based model of the problem. In consideration of the nonlinear characteristics of the sea platform catenary mooring line, the equations of the mooring line motion are formulated by using the lumped-mass method and the dynamic response of several points on the mooring line is investigated by the time and frequency domain analysis method. The dynamic response of the representative point on the mooring line is analyzed under the condition of two different corresponding upper endpoint movements namely sine wave excitation and random wave excitation. The corresponding laws of the dynamic response between the equivalent water depth truncated points at different locations and the upper endpoint are obtained, which can provide technical support for further study of the active hybrid model test.

  14. Effect of Damaged Mooring Line on Response of Spar with Wind Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seebai, T.; Sundaravadivelu, R.

    2012-02-01

    Spar platforms have several advantages for deploying wind turbines in offshore for depth beyond 120 m. The merit of spar platform is large range of topside payloads, favourable motions compared to other floating structures and minimum hull/deck interface. This paper addresses the effect of mooring line damages in responses of spar platform subjected to regular waves. A 1:100 scale model of the spar with taut (intact), taut (damaged) and slack (intact) mooring line configuration was studied in the wave basin (30 × 30 × 3 m) in Ocean Engineering Department of IIT Madras. The heave and surge accelerations along with mooring line tension was measured and used. The surge and heave RAO comparison for all three mooring line conditions shows that the effect of damaged mooring line in surge response is negligible whereas in heave response, taut (damaged) will behave similar to slack (intact) condition. The normalized mooring line tension comparison between taut intact and taut damaged configuration is also presented.

  15. MOORE: A prototype expert system for diagnosing spacecraft problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howlin, Katherine; Weissert, Jerry; Krantz, Kerry

    1988-01-01

    MOORE is a rule-based, prototype expert system that assists in diagnosing operational Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) problems. It is intended to assist spacecraft engineers at the TDRS ground terminal in trouble shooting problems that are not readily solved with routine procedures, and without expert counsel. An additional goal of the prototype system is to develop in-house expert system and knowledge engineering skills. The prototype system diagnoses antenna pointing and earth pointing problems that may occur within the TDRS Attitude Control System (ACS). Plans include expansion to fault isolation of problems in the most critical subsystems of the TDRS spacecraft. Long term benefits are anticipated with use of an expert system during future TDRS programs with increased mission support time, reduced problem solving time, and retained expert knowledge and experience. Phase 2 of the project is intended to provide NASA the necessary expertise and capability to define requirements, evaluate proposals, and monitor the development progress of a highly competent expert system for NASA's Tracking Data Relay Satellite. Phase 2 also envisions addressing two unexplored applications for expert systems, spacecraft integration and tests (I and T) and support to launch activities. The concept, goals, domain, tools, knowledge acquisition, developmental approach, and design of the expert system. It will explain how NASA obtained the knowledge and capability to develop the system in-house without assistance from outside consultants. Future plans will also be presented.

  16. Mooring system of ocean turbulence observation based on submerged buoy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Da-lei; Sun, Jing-jing; Xue, Bing; Jiang, Qian-li; Wu, Bing-wei

    2013-06-01

    A comparison experiment has been taken in the Kiaochow Bay between a newly designed mooring turbulence observation instrument (MTOI) and microstructure profiler MSS60 made by Sea & Sun. The whole observing system is based on a submerged buoy, in which the turbulence observation instrument is embedded, with a streamline-shape floating body, which is made of buoyancy material of glass microsphere. For the movement of seawater and the cable shaking strongly anytime influence the behaviors of the floating body, the accelerate sensors are used for the vibration measurement in the instrument together with the shear probe sensor. Both the vibration data and the shear data are acquired by the instrument at the same time. During data processing, the vibration signals can be removed and leave the shear data which we really need. In order to prove the reliability of the new turbulence instrument MTOI, a comparison experiment was designed. The measuring conditions are the same both in time and space. By this way, the two groups of data are comparable. In this paper, the conclusion gives a good similarity of 0.93 for the two groups of shear data in dissipation rate. The processing of the data acquired by MTOI is based on the cross-spectrum analysis, and the dissipation rate of it matches the Nasmyth spectrum well.

  17. Variability of the Mindanao Current: Mooring observation results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kashino, Yuji; Ishida, Akio; Kuroda, Yoshifumi

    2005-09-01

    Mooring observations were conducted from October 1999 to July 2002 near the east coast of Mindanao Island, the Philippines, (6°50'N, 126°43'E) to observe current variability at the axis of the Mindanao Current (MC). The MC was a strong current with a subsurface velocity maximum exceeding 1.3 m s-1 at approximately 100 m depth. The MC flows shallower than 700 m, and there was no evidence of a steady northward current (the Mindanao Undercurrent) at the study location. Compared with the large average velocity, MC variability was low (standard deviation <0.2 m s-1 for all directions). All the observed interannual, seasonal, and intraseasonal variations in the MC were of comparable amplitude. The MC was strong during boreal summers and during the onset of the 2002-03 El Niño. The core velocity of the MC at approximately 100 m was correlated with the sea level difference between Cebu, Philippines and Malakal, Palau.

  18. MOORE: A prototype expert system for diagnosing spacecraft problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howlin, Katherine; Weissert, Jerry; Krantz, Kerry

    1988-01-01

    MOORE is a rule-based, prototype expert system that assists in diagnosing operational Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) problems. It is intended to assist spacecraft engineers at the TDRS ground terminal in trouble shooting problems that are not readily solved with routine procedures, and without expert counsel. An additional goal of the prototype system is to develop in-house expert system and knowledge engineering skills. The prototype system diagnoses antenna pointing and earth pointing problems that may occur within the TDRS Attitude Control System (ACS). Plans include expansion to fault isolation of problems in the most critical subsystems of the TDRS spacecraft. Long term benefits are anticipated with use of an expert system during future TDRS programs with increased mission support time, reduced problem solving time, and retained expert knowledge and experience. Phase 2 of the project is intended to provide NASA the necessary expertise and capability to define requirements, evaluate proposals, and monitor the development progress of a highly competent expert system for NASA's Tracking Data Relay Satellite. Phase 2 also envisions addressing two unexplored applications for expert systems, spacecraft integration and tests (I and T) and support to launch activities. The concept, goals, domain, tools, knowledge acquisition, developmental approach, and design of the expert system. It will explain how NASA obtained the knowledge and capability to develop the system in-house without assistance from outside consultants. Future plans will also be presented.

  19. Moore's law and mold making: staying in the megapixel race

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Renkema, Kor

    2007-09-01

    In this presentation an impression is given of technical developments within Philips High Tech Plastics, a European supplier with a production facility in Suzhou, China. Philips HTP is making precision plastic and optical parts for the mass consumer electronics market; the largest part of its current business is camera objective lenses and actuators for mobile phone. A supplier in consumer electronics has to deal with Moore's law, being one of the most specific characteristics of this particular market. This law says that every 18 - 24 months the performance of computers will double, while the price at the same performance will be halved, at the same rate. So this law also applies to lenses that are mounted on a silicon chip; the product life cycle is short, typical 2-3 years, and the next generation needs to have an ever-higher performance. The pixels are getting smaller and smaller, so the resolution of the lenses has to follow. This means a continuous tightening of the tolerances in mold making, molding and assembly, and the improvements are needed at a high rate. In the presentation is described what challenges in ever increasing precision are encountered, developments that are carried out to meet those, and in what extent Philips HTP is successful reaching the required goals.

  20. Underwater Application of Quantitative PCR on an Ocean Mooring

    PubMed Central

    Preston, Christina M.; Harris, Adeline; Ryan, John P.; Roman, Brent; Marin, Roman; Jensen, Scott; Everlove, Cheri; Birch, James; Dzenitis, John M.; Pargett, Douglas; Adachi, Masao; Turk, Kendra; Zehr, Jonathon P.; Scholin, Christopher A.

    2011-01-01

    The Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) is a device that allows for the underwater, autonomous application of DNA and protein probe array technologies as a means to remotely identify and quantify, in situ, marine microorganisms and substances they produce. Here, we added functionality to the ESP through the development and incorporation of a module capable of solid-phase nucleic acid extraction and quantitative PCR (qPCR). Samples collected by the instrument were homogenized in a chaotropic buffer compatible with direct detection of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and nucleic acid purification. From a single sample, both an rRNA community profile and select gene abundances were ascertained. To illustrate this functionality, we focused on bacterioplankton commonly found along the central coast of California and that are known to vary in accordance with different oceanic conditions. DNA probe arrays targeting rRNA revealed the presence of 16S rRNA indicative of marine crenarchaea, SAR11 and marine cyanobacteria; in parallel, qPCR was used to detect 16S rRNA genes from the former two groups and the large subunit RuBisCo gene (rbcL) from Synecchococcus. The PCR-enabled ESP was deployed on a coastal mooring in Monterey Bay for 28 days during the spring-summer upwelling season. The distributions of the targeted bacterioplankon groups were as expected, with the exception of an increase in abundance of marine crenarchaea in anomalous nitrate-rich, low-salinity waters. The unexpected co-occurrence demonstrated the utility of the ESP in detecting novel events relative to previously described distributions of particular bacterioplankton groups. The ESP can easily be configured to detect and enumerate genes and gene products from a wide range of organisms. This study demonstrated for the first time that gene abundances could be assessed autonomously, underwater in near real-time and referenced against prevailing chemical, physical and bulk biological conditions. PMID:21829630

  1. Generalized Reich-Moore R-matrix approximation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arbanas, Goran; Sobes, Vladimir; Holcomb, Andrew; Ducru, Pablo; Pigni, Marco; Wiarda, Dorothea

    2017-09-01

    A conventional Reich-Moore approximation (RMA) of R-matrix is generalized into a manifestly unitary form by introducing a set of resonant capture channels treated explicitly in a generalized, reduced R-matrix. A dramatic reduction of channel space witnessed in conventional RMA, from Nc × Nc full R-matrix to Np × Np reduced R-matrix, where Nc = Np + Nγ, Np and Nγ denoting the number of particle and γ-ray channels, respectively, is due to Np < Nγ. A corresponding reduction of channel space in generalized RMA (GRMA) is from Nc × Nc full R-matrix to N × N, where N = Np + N, and where N is the number of capture channels defined in GRMA. We show that N = Nλ where Nλ is the number of R-matrix levels. This reduction in channel space, although not as dramatic as in the conventional RMA, could be significant for medium and heavy nuclides where N < Nγ. The resonant capture channels defined by GRMA accommodate level-level interference (via capture channels) neglected in conventional RMA. The expression for total capture cross section in GRMA is formally equal to that of the full Nc × NcR-matrix. This suggests that GRMA could yield improved nuclear data evaluations in the resolved resonance range at a cost of introducing N(N - 1)/2 resonant capture width parameters relative to conventional RMA. Manifest unitarity of GRMA justifies a method advocated by Fröhner and implemented in the SAMMY nuclear data evaluation code for enforcing unitarity of conventional RMA. Capture widths of GRMA are exactly convertible into alternative R-matrix parameters via Brune tranform. Application of idealized statistical methods to GRMA shows that variance among conventional RMA capture widths in extant RMA evaluations could be used to estimate variance among off-diagonal elements neglected by conventional RMA. Significant departure of capture widths from an idealized distribution may indicate the presence of underlying doorway states.

  2. Conceptual design and comparison of aramid and polyester taut leg spread moorings for deepwater applications

    SciTech Connect

    Wilde, B.; Kelly, P.; Librino, F.; Whitehill, A.S.

    1996-12-31

    As the offshore industry looks beyond water depths of 3,000 ft for future oil and gas production, the industry standard steel catenary spread mooring (CSM) system used on all floating production systems installed to date becomes increasingly inefficient and costly. An alternative to the CSM is the Taut Leg Spread Mooring (TLSM) system with its characteristic short scope legs and vertically loaded anchors. In water depths greater than 3,000 ft, it has been shown that TLSMs comprised of synthetic mooring lines have performance advantages over systems utilizing steel wire rope and demonstrated potential for significant cost reductions. Early studies investigated the use of aramid fiber rope due to its high strength, lower in-water weight and lower axial stiffness as compared to ropes made from steel. Later studies indicated that the material properties of polyester fiber, primarily its lower Young`s modulus, made polyester mooring lines more suitable for use in TLSMs. As the TLSM knowledge base expanded, aramid rope construction evolved. Earlier efforts to match the characteristics of steel wire rope have given way to new generation soft aramid constructions. This paper compares the mooring performance and total installed cost of a soft aramid TLSM to a typical polyester configuration. Both systems were designed for use in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) with an FPS based on the Aker P45.

  3. Dynamics of the interaction of mooring line with the sea bed

    SciTech Connect

    Inoue, Y.; Surendran, S.

    1994-12-31

    Lumped Mass method is a proven numerical approach to analyze the problems of mooring lines. The two-dimensional method was originally developed by Walton and Polachek (1959) for various conditions of frequency and amplitude. Nakajima et al (1982) carried out investigation on the dynamics of mooring lines. In this paper, the interaction of mooring line with the ocean bottom is highlighted and the resulted reduction in dynamic tension is discussed. The line is divided into finite number of lumped masses and linear springs without mass. The damping, associated with the interaction of vibrating chain with the sea bed which is considered to be elastic, is incorporated in the computations. In normal case some part of mooring line will be on the surface of sea floor. Modification to the lumped mass method is done in view of the changed external forces with the change of mode of velocity amplitude along the length of the chain embedded in the sea bottom media. The validation of the modified Lumped Mass method is confirmed by comparing the dynamics of chain on elastic foundation by N.C. Perkins (1990). The sea floor conditions can be found varied for different locations of anchoring and the properties of the sea bottom media influences energy dissipation when the mooring line is interacting with it. The dynamic behavior of chain will be different depending upon the change in sea bottom conditions.

  4. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion moored pipe/mobile platform design study

    SciTech Connect

    Bullock, H.O.; McNatt, T.R.; Ross, J.M.; Stambaugh, K.A.; Watts, J.L.

    1982-07-30

    The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Moored Pipe/Mobile Platform (MP-Squared) Design Study was carried out to investigate an innovative approach to the moored floating OTEC plant. In the past, a number of concepts have been examined by NOAA for floating OTEC plants. These concepts have considered various configurations for platforms, cold water pipes and mooring systems. In most cases the cold water pipe (CWP) was permanently attached to the platform and the platform was permanently moored on station. Even though CWP concepts incorporating articulated joints or flexible pipes were used, the CWP stresses induced by platform motion were frequently excessive and beyond the design limits of the CWP. This was especially true in the survival (100-year storm) case. It may be feasible that the concept of a permanently moored CWP attached through a flexible transition CWP to the platform could reduce the degree of technical risk by de-coupling the CWP from the motions of the platform. In addition, if the platform is capable of disconnecting from the CWP during survival conditions, even less technical risk may be inherent in the OTEC system. The MP-Squared Design Study was an engineering evaluation of the concepts described above. The effort has been carried through to the conceptual design level, and culminated in model tests in an experimental wave basin.

  5. Building oceanographic moorings in a non-lab introductory ocean science course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, I. M.

    2014-12-01

    A methodology for building low-cost ocean moorings in an introductory ocean sciences course, using HOBO temperature and light pendants, is presented. The moorings, which collect water temperature and light intensity data at high temporal frequency and at multiple depths, are relatively inexpensive, with a total cost of approximately 15 to 30 per student, depending on the configuration. Deployments of multiple months, or even longer, are possible, but in this presentation two ~3-week long deployments are described. Students in an Introduction to Oceanography course at Peninsula College in Port Angeles, Washington (USA) designed and constructed moorings for deployment in an enclosed harbor at depths of ~8 meters. The HOBO pendants integrated into the moorings were set to log observations at one hour intervals. After mooring recovery students downloaded data, which were both incorporated into class lessons where feasible, but were also utilized in a fully inquiry-based research paper. The exercise was often cited in students' evaluations as a highlight, and served to both teach and reinforce oceanographic concepts, introduce students to professional options within ocean science and engineering fields, and provide skills training (by requiring students to work in Excel for data manipulation, for example).

  6. Impact analysis of air gap motion with respect to parameters of mooring system for floating platform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Zhong-xiang; Huo, Fa-li; Nie, Yan; Liu, Yin-dong

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, the impact analysis of air gap concerning the parameters of mooring system for the semi-submersible platform is conducted. It is challenging to simulate the wave, current and wind loads of a platform based on a model test simultaneously. Furthermore, the dynamic equivalence between the truncated and full-depth mooring system is still a tuff work. However, the wind and current loads can be tested accurately in wind tunnel model. Furthermore, the wave can be simulated accurately in wave tank test. The full-scale mooring system and the all environment loads can be simulated accurately by using the numerical model based on the model tests simultaneously. In this paper, the air gap response of a floating platform is calculated based on the results of tunnel test and wave tank. Meanwhile, full-scale mooring system, the wind, wave and current load can be considered simultaneously. In addition, a numerical model of the platform is tuned and validated by ANSYS AQWA according to the model test results. With the support of the tuned numerical model, seventeen simulation cases about the presented platform are considered to study the wave, wind, and current loads simultaneously. Then, the impact analysis studies of air gap motion regarding the length, elasticity, and type of the mooring line are performed in the time domain under the beam wave, head wave, and oblique wave conditions.

  7. Near-surface salinity and stratification in the north Bay of Bengal from moored observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sengupta, Debasis; Bharath Raj, G. N.; Ravichandran, M.; Sree Lekha, J.; Papa, Fabrice

    2016-05-01

    A thin layer of fresh water from summer monsoon rain and river runoff in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) has profound influence on air-sea interaction across the south Asian region, but the mechanisms that sustain the low-salinity layer are as yet unknown. Using the first long time series of high-frequency observations from a mooring in the north BoB and satellite salinity data, we show that fresh water from major rivers is transported by large-scale flow and eddies, and shallow salinity stratification persists from summer through the following winter. The moored observations show frequent 0.2-1.2 psu salinity jumps with time scales of 10 min to days, due to O(1-10) km submesoscale salinity fronts moving past the mooring. In winter, satellite sea surface temperature shows 10 km wide filaments of cool water, in line with moored data. Rapid salinity and temperature changes at the mooring are highly coherent, suggesting slumping of salinity-dominated fronts. Based on these observations, we propose that submesoscale fronts may be one of the important drivers for the persistent fresh layer in the north BoB.

  8. Frontiers of More than Moore in Bioelectronics and the Required Metrology Needs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guiseppi-Elie, Anthony; Kotanen, Christian; Wilson, A. Nolan

    2011-11-01

    Silicon's intersection with biology is a premise inherent in Moore's prediction. Distinct from biologically inspired molecular logic and storage devices (more Moore) are the integration of solid state electronic devices with the soft condensed state of the body (more than Moore). Developments in biomolecular recognition events per sq. cm parallel those of Moore's Law. However, challenges continue in the area of "More than Moore". Two grand challenge problems must be addressed—the biocompatibility of synthetic materials with the myriad of tissue types within the human body and the interfacing of solid state micro- and nano-electronic devices with the electronics of biological systems. Electroconductive hydrogels have been developed as soft, condensed, biomimetic but otherwise inherently electronically conductive materials to address the challenge of interfacing solid state devices with the electronics of the body, which is predominantly ionic. Nano-templated interfaces via the oriented immobilization of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) onto metallic electrodes have engendered reagentless, direct electron transfer between biological redox enzymes and solid state electrodes. In addressing these challenges, metrology needs and opportunities are found in such widely diverse areas as single molecule counting and addressing, sustainable power requirements such as the development of implantable biofuel cells for the deployment of implantable biochips, and new manufacturing paradigms to address plura-biology needs on solid state devices.

  9. Extreme waves impact on the ship mooring near berth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leont'ev, Victor; Nudner, Igor; Semenov, Konstantin; Pelinovsky, Efim

    2013-04-01

    Ensuring safe ships berthing and loading-unloading operations at berths need reliable mooring systems. The choice of its parameters corresponds to calculating of the maximum displacements of the boat, which are caused by external impact of extreme waves, winds, and currents. Ship motions are described by system of differential equations, which contain disturbing, inertia, damping, and restoring forces, which magnitude strongly depends on the berth design and configuration of its elements. The major impact on the boat movements is caused by sea waves. In the given paper, an interaction between sea waves and ship located near the berth is studied. The cross-sectional shape of the boat is assumed to be rectangular and under-berth slope profile is approximated by finite number of steps. Different types of berth constructions are taken into account: containing impermeable or partially permeable front vertical wall, wave attenuation camera behind it with or without under-berth slope. The fluid is assumed ideal and incompressible, and its motion is potential. The stated problem is reduced to the determination of the velocity potential that satisfies the Laplace equation; the boundary condition on the free surface; the condition of non-flux through the impermeable bottom, the ship and berth elements; the condition on the surface of the permeable wall that is in proportionality between the wave flow velocity through the wall and pressure drop from its front to back faces. The problem is solved by dividing of the region into sub-domains with conditions of the hydrodynamic pressure and velocity continuity on its boundaries. In each sub-domain the solution is found using Fourier method in the form of functional series with unknown coefficients which are found from the system of linear algebraic equations. Calculated velocity potentials are used to determine different hydrodynamic characteristics of ship motions, such as horizontal and vertical components of disturbing force

  10. Numerical Simulation Bidirectional Chaotic Synchronization of Spiegel-Moore Circuit and Its Application for Secure Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanjaya, W. S. M.; Anggraeni, D.; Denya, R.; Ismail, N.

    2017-03-01

    Spiegel-Moore is a dynamical chaotic system which shows irregular variability in the luminosity of stars. In this paper present the performed the design and numerical simulation of the synchronization Spiegel-Moore circuit and applied to security system for communication. The initial study in this paper is to analyze the eigenvalue structures, various attractors, Bifurcation diagram, and Lyapunov exponent analysis. We have studied the dynamic behavior of the system in the case of the bidirectional coupling via a linear resistor. Both experimental and simulation results have shown that chaotic synchronization is possible. Finally, the effectiveness of the bidirectional coupling scheme between two identical Spiegel-Moore circuits in a secure communication system is presented in details. Integration of theoretical electronic circuit, the numerical simulation by using MATLAB®, as well as the implementation of circuit simulations by using Multisim® has been performed in this study.

  11. Positioning More Than Moore Characterization Needs and Methods within the 2011 ITRS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graef, Mart

    2011-11-01

    The concept "More than Moore" was introduced in the 2005 edition of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), with the purpose to describe technology features that do not fit the miniaturization trends as implied by Moore's Law. These features typically enable non-digital functionalities, such as wireless communication, power management, sensing and actuation. As these new functionalities are progressively being incorporated into system-in-package (SiP) and system-on-chip (SoC) formats, the complexity of the resulting microsystems is rapidly increasing. Consequently, there is a need for new sets of physical parameters and figures of merit for the characterization of emerging technology options in the More than Moore domain. Recently, the International Roadmap Committee (IRC) of the ITRS has proposed a methodology to address this subject.

  12. On the pole of non-square transfer function matrix Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wei; Ou, Linlin; He, Xing; Zhang, Weidong

    2015-10-01

    An essential step in many controller design approaches is computing the inverse of the plant. For a square plant, its inverse is stable if the plant is minimum phase (MP). Nevertheless, this conclusion does not hold for a non-square plant. In this paper, the pole feature of the Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse of a non-square transfer function matrix is analysed. Instead of complicated advanced mathematical tools, only basic results of polynomial theory and the Binet-Cauchy theorem are used in the analysing procedure. The condition for testing the stability of the Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse of an MP non-square transfer function matrix is given. This condition implies that the Moore-Penrose pseudo-inverse of a non-square transfer function matrix cannot be directly used as the optimal controller. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the correctness of the condition.

  13. The Marine Light-Mixed Layer Experiment Cruise and Data Report: R/V Endeavor Cruise EN-224, Mooring Deployment, 27 April-1 May 1991: Cruise EN-227, Mooring Recovery, 5-23 September 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-01

    10 foot diameter discus a., a surface float. The scope of the mooring was 1.25. The 3 mooring used the so-called "inverse catenary " design, wherein a...pilings under the dock. Since the overhead door opening was high enough to I get a fully instrumented discus buoy through, We decided to do the spins

  14. The development of the Garden Banks block 388 FPF mooring system

    SciTech Connect

    Dove, P.G.S.; Librino, F.; Scovell, D.C.

    1995-12-01

    This paper discusses work conducted during the design, procurement and installation of Enserch Exploration, Inc.`s Garden Banks 388 FPF mooring system. The design began with the execution of a trade-off study evaluating and comparing previously installed floating production moorings in the Gulf of Mexico, coupled with evaluation of new concepts and emphasis on cost effective solutions. The design effort involved dynamic analysis and wind tunnel and model tank testing, all in accordance with the newly completed API document RP 2FP1. Inspection of various components from the Placid GC-29 FPS moorings (installed in 1987 and recovered in 1990) determined that sections of chain, jacketed spiral strand wire rope, submersible buoys and connectors could be reused with suitable refurbishment. The excellent condition of the rig`s onboard winching system also resulted in the reuse of the windlasses, with specified upgrades. Because a sufficient amount of used wire was not available, a bare spiral strand wire rope construction was adopted, including zinc anodes in the new sections, rather than jacketed strand. The lack of cost effective installation vessels in the Gulf of Mexico at the time of the installation bid posed challenges to Enserch. However, an innovative preset mooring installation scheme involving Heeremac`s SSCV Balder on its own moorings was adopted. Since the vessel was already in the Gulf of Mexico on contract for other projects, a cost effective contract was negotiated. The results of this effort led to considerable cost savings for Enserch, compared to conventional FPF mooring systems previously installed in the Gulf of Mexico.

  15. Implementation of Distributed Services for a Deep Sea Moored Instrument Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oreilly, T. C.; Headley, K. L.; Risi, M.; Davis, D.; Edgington, D. R.; Salamy, K. A.; Chaffey, M.

    2004-12-01

    The Monterey Ocean Observing System (MOOS) is a moored observatory network consisting of interconnected instrument nodes on the sea surface, midwater, and deep sea floor. We describe Software Infrastructure and Applications for MOOS ("SIAM"), which implement the management, control, and data acquisition infrastructure for the moored observatory. Links in the MOOS network include fiber-optic and 10-BaseT copper connections between the at-sea nodes. A Globalstar satellite transceiver or 900 MHz Freewave terrestrial line-of-sight RF modem provides the link to shore. All of these links support Internet protocols, providing TCP/IP connectivity throughout a system that extends from shore to sensor nodes at the air-sea interface, through the oceanic water column to a benthic network of sensor nodes extending across the deep sea floor. Exploiting this TCP/IP infrastructure as well as capabilities provided by MBARI's MOOS mooring controller, we use powerful Internet software technologies to implement a distributed management, control and data acquisition system for the moored observatory. The system design meets the demanding functional requirements specified for MOOS. Nodes and their instruments are represented by Java RMI "services" having well defined software interfaces. Clients anywhere on the network can interact with any node or instrument through its corresponding service. A client may be on the same node as the service, may be on another node, or may reside on shore. Clients may be human, e.g. when a scientist on shore accesses a deployed instrument in real-time through a user interface. Clients may also be software components that interact autonomously with instruments and nodes, e.g. for purposes such as system resource management or autonomous detection and response to scientifically interesting events. All electrical power to the moored network is provided by solar and wind energy, and the RF shore-to-mooring links are intermittent and relatively low

  16. A Compilation of Moored Current Meter and Wind Recorder Observations. Volume 26, (1972 Measurements)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    Model 850. Both instruments use a Savonius rotor to measure water speed and a vane and int3rnal compass to measure direction. In the VACM, East and North...Analysis of Moored and Drifting Buoy Systems. C. S. Draper Laboratory, Inc. Report R-1066, uses data from mooring 469 for model validation. Chausse, D. and S...Fi ... ... .... _ _ DATA N~UMBER 4q Instrumant Nlo. W-169X$ Instrument Sampling Scheme ModeL 850 data burstb every __8___ see ISI~ 1800 4291 WBI800

  17. A new species of genus Nishada Moore, 1878 (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae) from India.

    PubMed

    Joshi, Rahul; Kirti, Jagbir S; Singh, Navneet

    2016-10-28

    Genus Nishada Moore (1878) was proposed as a monotypic genus, under subfamily Lithosiinae, family Lithosiidae (now Lithosiini), including only Nishada flabrifera Moore (1878) from Calcutta (now as Kolkata), India. The genus is distributed from China to India, Thailand, Malaysia and up to Australia. The Indian fauna of Nishada is reported from North-East Himalayas, West Bengal (Kolkata) and South India. Members of this genus are unmarked, yellow to brown with short and broad wings. Genus Nishada has been taxonomically dealt by many authors but awaits thorough revision.

  18. Probabilistic analysis and fatigue damage assessment of offshore mooring system due to non-Gaussian bimodal tension processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Anteng; Li, Huajun; Wang, Shuqing; Du, Junfeng

    2017-08-01

    Both wave-frequency (WF) and low-frequency (LF) components of mooring tension are in principle non-Gaussian due to nonlinearities in the dynamic system. This paper conducts a comprehensive investigation of applicable probability density functions (PDFs) of mooring tension amplitudes used to assess mooring-line fatigue damage via the spectral method. Short-term statistical characteristics of mooring-line tension responses are firstly investigated, in which the discrepancy arising from Gaussian approximation is revealed by comparing kurtosis and skewness coefficients. Several distribution functions based on present analytical spectral methods are selected to express the statistical distribution of the mooring-line tension amplitudes. Results indicate that the Gamma-type distribution and a linear combination of Dirlik and Tovo-Benasciutti formulas are suitable for separate WF and LF mooring tension components. A novel parametric method based on nonlinear transformations and stochastic optimization is then proposed to increase the effectiveness of mooring-line fatigue assessment due to non-Gaussian bimodal tension responses. Using time domain simulation as a benchmark, its accuracy is further validated using a numerical case study of a moored semi-submersible platform.

  19. 33 CFR 149.570 - How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is a platform, single point..., CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Miscellaneous § 149.570 How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified? (a) Each platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret...

  20. 33 CFR 149.570 - How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How is a platform, single point..., CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Miscellaneous § 149.570 How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified? (a) Each platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret...

  1. 33 CFR 149.570 - How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How is a platform, single point..., CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Miscellaneous § 149.570 How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified? (a) Each platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret...

  2. 33 CFR 149.570 - How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How is a platform, single point..., CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Miscellaneous § 149.570 How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified? (a) Each platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret...

  3. 33 CFR 149.570 - How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How is a platform, single point..., CONSTRUCTION, AND EQUIPMENT Aids to Navigation Miscellaneous § 149.570 How is a platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret loading identified? (a) Each platform, single point mooring, or submerged turret...

  4. 46 CFR 130.250 - Mooring and towing equipment for OSVs of less than 100 gross tons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mooring and towing equipment for OSVs of less than 100 gross tons. 130.250 Section 130.250 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED... Systems § 130.250 Mooring and towing equipment for OSVs of less than 100 gross tons. Each OSV of less...

  5. Fatigue fracture of an Austin Moore uncemented hemi-arthroplasty: a case report.

    PubMed

    Taylor, D Martin; Ashford, Robert U; Collier, Andrew M

    2004-09-01

    Prosthetic component failure occurs in total hip arthroplasty infrequently. Fractures of hemi-arthroplasty components are extremely uncommon. A recent case report highlighted two cases of stem failures in hydroxyapatite- (HA) coated implants. Uncemented Austin Moore hemi-arthroplasties typically fail by loosening or periprosthetic fracture. We report a case and the management of a fractured implant.

  6. Mathematical Understanding and Proving Abilities: Experiment with Undergraduate Student by Using Modified Moore Learning Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maya, Rippi; Sumarmo, Utari

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports findings of a post test experimental control group design conducted to investigate the role of modified Moore learning approach on improving students' mathematical understanding and proving abilities. Subjects of study were 56 undergraduate students of one state university in Bandung, who took advanced abstract algebra course.…

  7. The Impact of a Modified Moore Method on Efficacy and Performance in Precalculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Thomas E.; Bailey, Brad; Briggs, Karen

    2012-01-01

    In this study, one section of undergraduate Precalculus was taught using a modified Moore method, a student centered inquiry-based approach, and two control sections were taught in a traditional lecture format. A survey of attitudes, beliefs, and efficacy toward mathematics and Precalculus was administered at the beginning and end of the semester…

  8. Facility No. S362, view up the ramp. Note the mooring ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Facility No. S362, view up the ramp. Note the mooring cleat on the top edge of the curb at the right - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Seaplane Ramps - World War II Type, Southwest and west shore of Ford Island, near Wasp Boulevard, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  9. 75 FR 38019 - Safety Zone; Fixed Mooring Balls, South of Barbers Pt. Harbor Channel, Oahu, HI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fixed Mooring Balls, South of Barbers Pt. Harbor Channel, Oahu, HI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: Due to the...

  10. ANATOMY, LIFE HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE PARASITIC LEECH OLIGOBDELLA BIANNULATA (MOORE, 1900) (EUHIRUDINEA: GLOSSIPHONIIDAE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Oligobdella biannulata (Moore, 1900) is a rare, endemic species originally described from a mountain stream near Blowing Rock, North Carolina. Specimens of this species were collected seasonally from fall 1999 to winter 2001 with four new county records in North Carolina (Avery,...

  11. Governor Moore Discusses Past and Present Changes in the Region and in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachia, 1986

    1986-01-01

    West Virginia Governor Arch Moore discusses past and present changes in the Appalachian Region and in West Virginia spurred by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Changes in West Virginia's tax structure, job creation, economic diversification, and public energy facilities are noted as efforts to prepare for the future. (NEC)

  12. 33 CFR 401.39 - Preparing mooring lines for passing through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... passing through. 401.39 Section 401.39 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT... Preparing mooring lines for passing through. Before a vessel enters a lock: (a) Winches shall be capable of... shall be passed outward through the fairleads at the side. (68 Stat. 93-96, 33 U.S.C. 981-990, as...

  13. 33 CFR 401.39 - Preparing mooring lines for passing through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... passing through. 401.39 Section 401.39 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT... Preparing mooring lines for passing through. Before a vessel enters a lock: (a) Winches shall be capable of... shall be passed outward through the fairleads at the side. (68 Stat. 93-96, 33 U.S.C. 981-990, as...

  14. 33 CFR 401.39 - Preparing mooring lines for passing through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... passing through. 401.39 Section 401.39 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT... Preparing mooring lines for passing through. Before a vessel enters a lock: (a) Winches shall be capable of... shall be passed outward through the fairleads at the side. (68 Stat. 93-96, 33 U.S.C. 981-990, as...

  15. 33 CFR 401.39 - Preparing mooring lines for passing through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... passing through. 401.39 Section 401.39 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT... Preparing mooring lines for passing through. Before a vessel enters a lock: (a) Winches shall be capable of... shall be passed outward through the fairleads at the side. (68 Stat. 93-96, 33 U.S.C. 981-990, as...

  16. Humor and Film in the Geography Classroom: Learning from Michael Moore's "TV Nation"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderman, Derek H.; Popke, E. Jeffrey

    2002-01-01

    How can teachers use humor and film to convert geography classrooms into public spaces for thinking and talking about the world in a critical way? One useful resource for raising student consciousness and critical discussion is "TV Nation"-a satirical television newsmagazine show created, produced, and hosted by rebel-filmmaker Michael Moore in…

  17. LIFE HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LEECH OLIGOBDELLA BIANNULATA (MOORE, 1900) (EUHIRUDINEA: GLOSSIPHONNIDAE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Oligobdella biannulata (Moore, 1900) is a rare, endemic leech species originally described from a mountain stream near Blowing Rock, North Carolina. Specimens of O. biannulata were collected seasonally from Fall 1999, to Summer 2002, with new county records in North Carolina and ...

  18. Most-Perfect Pandiagonal Magic Squares and Their Moore-Penrose Inverse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trenkler, Dietrich; Trenkler, Gotz

    2004-01-01

    In this note 4 x 4 most-perfect pandiagonal magic squares are considered in which rows, columns and the two main, along with the broken, diagonals add up to the same sum. It is shown that the Moore-Penrose inverse of these squares has the same magic property.

  19. Most-Perfect Pandiagonal Magic Squares and Their Moore-Penrose Inverse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trenkler, Dietrich; Trenkler, Gotz

    2004-01-01

    In this note 4 x 4 most-perfect pandiagonal magic squares are considered in which rows, columns and the two main, along with the broken, diagonals add up to the same sum. It is shown that the Moore-Penrose inverse of these squares has the same magic property.

  20. LIFE HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE LEECH OLIGOBDELLA BIANNULATA (MOORE, 1900) (EUHIRUDINEA: GLOSSIPHONNIDAE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Oligobdella biannulata (Moore, 1900) is a rare, endemic leech species originally described from a mountain stream near Blowing Rock, North Carolina. Specimens of O. biannulata were collected seasonally from Fall 1999, to Summer 2002, with new county records in North Carolina and ...

  1. The Effect of a Modified Moore Method on Attitudes and Beliefs in Precalculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Brad; Cooper, Thomas E.; Briggs, Karen S.

    2012-01-01

    As part of a study on the effects of teaching with a Modified Moore Method (MMM), a survey containing 20 items from Schoenfeld's (1989) investigation of attitudes and beliefs about mathematics was administered to students in undergraduate precalculus classes. The study included one section of precalculus taught with an MMM, a student-centered and…

  2. The Impact of a Modified Moore Method on Efficacy and Performance in Precalculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Thomas E.; Bailey, Brad; Briggs, Karen

    2012-01-01

    In this study, one section of undergraduate Precalculus was taught using a modified Moore method, a student centered inquiry-based approach, and two control sections were taught in a traditional lecture format. A survey of attitudes, beliefs, and efficacy toward mathematics and Precalculus was administered at the beginning and end of the semester…

  3. Process Study of Oceanic Responses to Typhoons Using Arrays of EM-APEX Floats and Moorings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-30

    observation period of ITOP), subsurface temperature measurements on the moorings were transmitted via Iridium satellite, and one upward-looking 75-kHz...Fanapi and Megi; the floats transmitted near-real time observations of velocity, temperature, salinity, and GPS position via Iridium satellite. Two...transmitted GPS positions, temperature, salinity, pressure, and horizontal velocity data via Iridium satellite communications. Unfortunately

  4. Cassini A: the nature of the "Washbowl" described by Wilkins & Moore on 1952 April 3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lena, R.; Douglass, E.; Bregante, M. T.; Mengoli, G.

    2009-02-01

    This paper describes the lunar structure named the "washbowl" by H. P. Wilkins & P. A. Moore, observing on 1952 April 3. This double crater in Cassini A is the result of an impact by a double meteorite, gravitationally bound so as to strike at the same time. An explanation for Wilkins' observation of a `minute pit' is given.

  5. ANATOMY, LIFE HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE PARASITIC LEECH OLIGOBDELLA BIANNULATA (MOORE, 1900) (EUHIRUDINEA: GLOSSIPHONIIDAE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Oligobdella biannulata (Moore, 1900) is a rare, endemic species originally described from a mountain stream near Blowing Rock, North Carolina. Specimens of this species were collected seasonally from fall 1999 to winter 2001 with four new county records in North Carolina (Avery,...

  6. [Is the Furness-Moore Code applicable for computer and telex?].

    PubMed

    Rötzscher, K

    1979-12-01

    The extent to which the identification of disaster victims could be improved with the code for dental findings developed by Furness and Moore (1969) was studied. This code records the most important data for a set of teeth in 12 digits.

  7. Current Measurements from Moorings off Northern California: September 1984-July 1985.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    participated in this cruise and has immortalized it in a large mural depicting the recovery of a deep-sea meter mooring. The mural is located in the Memorial...Arnaldo Dias (Instituto Antarctico Argentino), Jorge Castiglioni (Instituto Antarctico Argentino), and Henk Pander (who recorded it with glowing

  8. 33 CFR 401.39 - Preparing mooring lines for passing through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preparing mooring lines for passing through. 401.39 Section 401.39 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Seaway Navigation § 401.39...

  9. 33 CFR 401.12 - Minimum requirements-mooring lines and fairleads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Minimum requirements-mooring lines and fairleads. 401.12 Section 401.12 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Condition of...

  10. The Effect of a Modified Moore Method on Attitudes and Beliefs in Precalculus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Brad; Cooper, Thomas E.; Briggs, Karen S.

    2012-01-01

    As part of a study on the effects of teaching with a Modified Moore Method (MMM), a survey containing 20 items from Schoenfeld's (1989) investigation of attitudes and beliefs about mathematics was administered to students in undergraduate precalculus classes. The study included one section of precalculus taught with an MMM, a student-centered and…

  11. Governor Moore Discusses Past and Present Changes in the Region and in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachia, 1986

    1986-01-01

    West Virginia Governor Arch Moore discusses past and present changes in the Appalachian Region and in West Virginia spurred by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Changes in West Virginia's tax structure, job creation, economic diversification, and public energy facilities are noted as efforts to prepare for the future. (NEC)

  12. Prototype Scale Mooring Load and Transmission Tests for a Floating Tire Breakwater.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-04-01

    laboratory research into the wave transmission and mooring load characteristics of floating tire breakwaters. Kame l and Davidson (1968) conducted model...Floating Tire Break- waters ,” Marine Technical Report No. 54, University of Rhode Island, Kings ton , R.L , Apr. 1977. KAME L, A.M ., and DAVIDSON , D.D

  13. Phenology and Population Radiation of the Nettle Caterpillar, Darna pallivitta (Moore) in Hawai'i

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The nettle caterpillar, Darna pallivitta (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae), is an invasive pest with established populations on three Hawai’ian islands. Indigenous to southeast Asia, D. pallivitta caterpillars cause defoliation of ornamental nursery stock and poses a human health hazard due to the...

  14. Phenology and Population Radiation of the Nettle Caterpillar, Darna pallivitta (Moore) in Hawai'i.

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The nettle caterpillar, Darna pallivitta (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae), is an invasive pest with established populations on three Hawai’ian islands. Indigenous to southeast Asia, D. pallivitta caterpillars cause defoliation of ornamental nursery stock and poses a human health hazard due to the...

  15. Inquiry Based Learning: A Modified Moore Method Approach To Encourage Student Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLoughlin, M. Padraig M. M.

    2008-01-01

    The author of this paper submits that a mathematics student needs to learn to conjecture and prove or disprove said conjecture. Ergo, the purpose of the paper is to submit the thesis that learning requires doing; only through inquiry is learning achieved, and hence this paper proposes a programme of use of a modified Moore method (MMM) across the…

  16. The Pacific and Indian Ocean Exchange: Analysis of the Imos Timor Passage and Ombai Strait Moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sloyan, B.; Wijffels, S. A.; Cowley, R.

    2014-12-01

    A fundamental aspect of observing, describing, understanding and modeling the global climate and particularly the Maritime Continent, is a better knowledge of the fluxes of momentum, heat and freshwater in the ocean. The Indonesian seas are the only major low-latitude connection in the global oceans. This connection permits the transfer of Pacific waters into the Indian Ocean, known as the Indonesian Throughflow. The interaction of the Pacific and Indian basins and their modes of variability (El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)), both through atmospheric teleconnections and the ocean link via the Indonesian Throughflow, is now being hotly pursued in the research community. We will present some initial findings from the 3-year time series (2011-2014) of the Timor Passage and Ombai Strait moorings. This mooring array is a component of the Australian Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), and builds on the earlier results of the INSTANT (2003-2006) observational program. The moorings comprise of velocity, temperature and salinity instruments. Observations from these moorings provide the required spatial and temporal coverage to understand ocean dynamics, the ocean's role in climate variability and change, investigate forcing of the atmosphere and ocean and assess the realism of data-assimilative ocean models and coupled ocean-atmosphere models.

  17. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... dolphin located at approximately 32 05.01′ North, 080 59.38′ West, to the southeastern most mooring dolphin located at approximately 32 04.79′ North, 080 59.35′ West, and continues west along the North...

  18. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... dolphin located at approximately 32 05.01′ North, 080 59.38′ West, to the southeastern most mooring dolphin located at approximately 32 04.79′ North, 080 59.35′ West, and continues west along the North...

  19. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... dolphin located at approximately 32 05.01′ North, 080 59.38′ West, to the southeastern most mooring dolphin located at approximately 32 04.79′ North, 080 59.35′ West, and continues west along the North...

  20. 33 CFR 165.751 - Security Zone: LNG mooring slip, Savannah River, Savannah, Georgia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... dolphin located at approximately 32 05.01′ North, 080 59.38′ West, to the southeastern most mooring dolphin located at approximately 32 04.79′ North, 080 59.35′ West, and continues west along the North...

  1. Use of multi-disciplinary mooring data to extend intermittent OA observations from ship surveys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Send, U.; Ohman, M. D.; Martz, T. R.; Dickson, A. G.; Feely, R. A.; Demer, D.; Washburn, L.

    2012-12-01

    Ship surveys along the US West Coast have provided valuable insight into the conditions and changes in the water column that affect the ocean acidification state. Examples are the decades of CalCOFI sampling off southern California, and the West Coast ship survey published in Feely et al 2008. What is lacking in these observations is a description of the temporal variability of the conditions observed, and of the processes at work that lead to observed conditions or changes. Multi-disciplinary moorings are ideally suited for adding this dimension to the available observations which is critical for an understanding of the OA mechanisms. One example is the occurrence of corrosive water near the seafloor on the continental shelf, which was found in the Feely et al survey. Time series data from a mooring off Del Mar, California, with oxygen and pH sensors near the bottom in 100m depth show the frequency and intensity of corrosive and hypoxic conditions there, and how they relate to physical processes (cross-shelf and along-shelf flow), biological conditions, and climate processes (here La Nina). In the upwelling and open-ocean regimes off Pt. Conception two moorings (CCE1, CCE2) have been collecting data since early 2009 and 2010, respectively, co-located with CalCOFI stations and CCE LTER cardinal sites for ship observations. A glider also routinely passes by these moorings (along CalCOFI line 80). The moorings carry physical, oxygen, pH, pCO2, nutrient, and ecosystem sensors (chlorophyll fluorescence, water column irradiance absorption, acoustic backscatter) and telemeter most data in real-time. The mooring time series show the variability of OA parameters on daily, weekly, seasonal, and interannual time scales, and in the context of the spatial and historical sampling from ships. The multi-disciplinary sensor suite allows to study the forcing of the OA variability on those various time scales, and the impact on the ecosystem. Combined with the spatial information

  2. Hydrostatic Mooring System. Final Technical Report: Main Report plus Appendices A, B, and C - Volume 1 and 2

    SciTech Connect

    Jens Korsgaard

    2000-08-08

    The main conclusions from the work carried out under this contract are: An ordinary seafarer can learn by training on a simulator, to moor large tanker vessels to the Hydrostatic Mooring, safely and quickly, in all weather conditions up to storms generating waves with a significant wave height of 8 m. Complete conceptual design of the Hydrostatic Mooring buoy was carried out which proved that the buoy could be constructed entirely from commercially available standard components and materials. The design is robust, and damage resistant. The mooring tests had a 100% success rate from the point of view of the buoy being securely attached and moored to the vessel following every mooring attempt. The tests had an 80% success rate from the point of view of the buoy being adequately centered such that petroleum transfer equipment on the vessel could be attached to the corresponding equipment on the buoy. The results given in Table 3-2 of the mooring tests show a consistently improving performance from test to test by the Captain that performed the mooring operations. This is not surprising, in view of the fact that the Captain had only three days of training on the simulator prior to conducting the tests, that the maneuvering required is non-standard, and the test program itself lasted four days. One conclusion of the test performance is that the Captain was not fully trained at the initiation of the test. It may therefore be concluded that a thoroughly trained navigator would probably be able to make the mooring such that the fluid transfer equipment can be connected with reliability in excess of 90%. Considering that the typical standard buoy has enough power aboard to make eight mooring attempts, this implies that the probability that the mooring attempt should fail because of the inability to connect the fluid transfer equipment is of the order of 10{sup {minus}8}. It may therefore be concluded that the mooring operation between a Hydrostatic Mooring and a large

  3. Numerical Modeling of Compliant-Moored System Dynamics with Applications to Marine Energy Converters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nichol, Tyler

    The development of a numerical model simulating the dynamic response of compliant-moored submerged systems to non-uniform fluid flow is presented. The model is meant to serve as a computational tool with applications to compliant-moored marine energy converters by time-domain representation of the mooring dynamics. The scope of the initial code is restricted to full-submerged moored tidal turbines, though the model can be readily expanded to analyze wave energy converters as well. The system is modeled in a Lagrangian frame treating tidal turbines and structural elements as rigid bodies. Mooring lines are modeled as a series of discrete elastic segments, with parameters and force contributions lumped to point-mass nodes joining each segment. Full-range of motion is achieved using the alpha-beta-gamma Euler Angle method. The governing equations of motion of the system are derived computationally through implementation of Lagrange's Equation of Motion. The techniques employed to develop the symbolic expressions for the total kinetic, potential, and damping energies of the system and the forces acting on each element of the system are discussed. The system of differential equations obtained from evaluation of Lagrange's Equation with the developed symbolic expressions is solved numerically using a built-in MATLAB ordinary differential equation solver called ODE15i.m with the user defined initial condition of the system. Several validation tests are presented and their results discussed. Finally, an explanation of future plans for development of the model and application to existing tidal energy systems are presented.

  4. An investigation on low frequency fatigue damage of mooring lines applied in a semi-submersible platform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Junfeng; Wang, Shuqing; Chang, Anteng; Li, Huajun

    2016-06-01

    Assessing the fatigue life of mooring systems is important for deep water structures. In this paper, a comprehensive fatigue analysis is conducted on the mooring lines applied in a semi-submersible platform with special focus on the low frequency (LF) fatigue damage. Several influential factors, including water depth, wave spectral parameters, and riser system, are considered. Numerical simulation of a semi-submersible platform with the mooring/riser system is executed under different conditions, and the fatigue damage of mooring lines is assessed by using the time domain analysis method as a benchmark. The effects of these factors on the mooring line tension and the fatigue damage are investigated and discussed in detail. Research results indicate that the LF fatigue damage only accounts for a very small portion of the total damage, although the LF components dominate the global motion response and the mooring line tension of the semi-submersible platform. However, it is demonstrated that the LF fatigue damage is clearly affected by the influential factors. The increase in water depth and spectral peak periods, and the existence of risers can weaken the contribution of the LF components to the mooring line fatigue damage, while the fatigue damage due to the LF components increases with the increase of significant wave height.

  5. EDITORIAL: Moore and more progress in electronics and photonics Moore and more progress in electronics and photonics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyyappan, Meyya

    2009-10-01

    parts. The field of optoelectronics and photonics has been benefiting from the ability to synthesize semiconducting nanowires and quantum dots. Advances in light-emitting diodes, photodetectors, nanolasers, solar cells, and field emission devices have been abundantly reported in the journal. The future of these devices depends on our ability to control the size, orientation and properties of one- and zero-dimensional materials. The forecast for electronics and photonics has vastly underestimated developments, with predictions such as 'future computers will weigh no less than 1.5 tons'. Over the past twenty years, the number of transistors on a chip has risen from just 1 million to 2 billion, and is still increasing. Now the biggest question is: what will take over from Moore's law in about a decade? This question has been driving the research agenda in electronics across the industrial and academic world. The first answer appears to be integrating other functional components with logic and memory such as miniature camera modules, GPS, accelerometers, biometric identification, health monitoring systems, etc. Such integration is actively being pursued by industry. In contrast, a lot of new research is still driven by material innovations, for example, carbon nanotube based electronics. Rudimentary devices and circuits using SWCNTs have been demonstrated to outperform silicon devices of comparable size. However, controlling the chirality and diameter of SWCNTs is still a problem, as is the manufacture of 300-400 mm wafers with over 5-10 billion transistors, and all of this assumes that continuing on the path of CMOS but using a different material is the right approach in the first place. In the meantime, silicon and germanium in the form of nanowires may make their way into electronics. Then there is molecular electronics where conducting organic molecules could now become the heart of electronic components, although the precision and controllability of electrical contact

  6. Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions Experiment: Processing and Calibration of Moored Profiler Data from the Beaufort Shelf Edge Mooring Array

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    configuration. Profile stops Water Min - Max First good Last good Sample EM-CTD (MPeriing D th Pressure (db) prood prood Interval Serial (MP serial no...an in situ comparison (in deep water ). After each cast, the internally recorded data from the mooring’s CTD were downloaded and compared to the ship’s...least one-third of the water column. The numbers in parentheses represent the percent observed out of the total expected profiles, based on a 6 hourly

  7. Moore's law and the impact on trusted and radiation-hardened microelectronics.

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Kwok Kee

    2011-12-01

    In 1965 Gordon Moore wrote an article claiming that integrated circuit density would scale exponentially. His prediction has remained valid for more than four decades. Integrated circuits have changed all aspects of everyday life. They are also the 'heart and soul' of modern systems for defense, national infrastructure, and intelligence applications. The United States government needs an assured and trusted microelectronics supply for military systems. However, migration of microelectronics design and manufacturing from the United States to other countries in recent years has placed the supply of trusted microelectronics in jeopardy. Prevailing wisdom dictates that it is necessary to use microelectronics fabricated in a state-of-the-art technology for highest performance and military system superiority. Close examination of silicon microelectronics technology evolution and Moore's Law reveals that this prevailing wisdom is not necessarily true. This presents the US government the possibility of a totally new approach to acquire trusted microelectronics.

  8. Evaluation of a low-cost and accurate ocean temperature logger on subsurface mooring systems

    SciTech Connect

    Tian, Chuan; Deng, Zhiqun; Lu, Jun; Xu, Xiaoyang; Zhao, Wei; Xu, Ming

    2014-06-23

    Monitoring seawater temperature is important to understanding evolving ocean processes. To monitor internal waves or ocean mixing, a large number of temperature loggers are typically mounted on subsurface mooring systems to obtain high-resolution temperature data at different water depths. In this study, we redesigned and evaluated a compact, low-cost, self-contained, high-resolution and high-accuracy ocean temperature logger, TC-1121. The newly designed TC-1121 loggers are smaller, more robust, and their sampling intervals can be automatically changed by indicated events. They have been widely used in many mooring systems to study internal wave and ocean mixing. The logger’s fundamental design, noise analysis, calibration, drift test, and a long-term sea trial are discussed in this paper.

  9. Verifying the interactive convergence clock synchronization algorithm using the Boyer-Moore theorem prover

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, William D.

    1992-01-01

    The application of formal methods to the analysis of computing systems promises to provide higher and higher levels of assurance as the sophistication of our tools and techniques increases. Improvements in tools and techniques come about as we pit the current state of the art against new and challenging problems. A promising area for the application of formal methods is in real-time and distributed computing. Some of the algorithms in this area are both subtle and important. In response to this challenge and as part of an ongoing attempt to verify an implementation of the Interactive Convergence Clock Synchronization Algorithm (ICCSA), we decided to undertake a proof of the correctness of the algorithm using the Boyer-Moore theorem prover. This paper describes our approach to proving the ICCSA using the Boyer-Moore prover.

  10. Objective measures of laryngeal imaging: what have we learned since Dr. Paul Moore.

    PubMed

    Woo, Peak

    2014-01-01

    Dr. Paul Moore pioneered the use of high-speed cinematography for observation of normal and abnormal vocal fold vibrations during phonation. His analysis of the glottal area waveform, opening and closing speed index, and open quotient from the high-speed films were labor intensive but relevant today. With advances in digital image capture and automated image extraction techniques, stroboscopy and high-speed images of vocal fold vibration may be analyzed with objective measures. Digital high-speed image capture in color is now clinically practical at high resolution. Digital kymography now allows analysis of the vibratory waveform from each vocal fold. Serial capture and comparison can document changes in vibratory function with treatment. Quantification of vocal fold vibration using such techniques is now practical. This is a review of vocal fold vibration capture and analysis techniques since Dr. Moore.

  11. Dynamic Effects of Anchor Positional Tolerance on Tension Moored Floating Wind Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, Christopher; Pakrashi, Vikram; Murphy, Jimmy

    2016-09-01

    For water depths greater than 60m floating wind turbines will become the most economical option for generating offshore wind energy. Tension mooring stabilised units are one type of platform being considered by the offshore wind energy industry. The complex mooring arrangement used by this type of platform means that the dynamics are greatly effected by offsets in the positioning of the anchors. This paper examines the issue of tendon anchor position tolerances. The dynamic effects of three positional tolerances are analysed in survival state using the time domain FASTLink. The severe impact of worst case anchor positional offsets on platform and turbine survivability is shown. The worst anchor misposition combinations are highlighted and should be strongly avoided. Novel methods to mitigate this issue are presented.

  12. Weathering in the cold: Granite hillslopes in Osborn Mountain, WY and Bodmin Moor, UK

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riggins, S. G.; Anderson, S. P.; Anderson, R. S.

    2010-12-01

    Low temperatures generally limit rates of chemical weathering, and hence might be expected to limit development and evolution of mobile regolith in cold climates. Chemical and physical processes operate to release material from bedrock into the mobile regolith. Rock is weakened by chemical weathering, while physical breakdown produces particles susceptible to transport. We examine two hillslopes mantled with mobile regolith in granitic terrains that formed in cold climates where the rates of chemical processes are expected to be low, while at least some physical processes are expected to be enhanced. These end-member environments provide insight into mobile regolith development. Our study sites are gentle parabolic hillslopes at Osborn Mtn, WY, USA (elevation: 3600 m, MAT: -5°C) and Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, UK (elevation: 370 m, MAT: 9°C) developed on granitic bedrock. Neither site experienced direct glaciation during the LGM, but both were in periglacial zones. At present, the sites are populated by neither trees nor burrowing mammals. Biotite, which might spawn rock breakdown by hydration/oxidation cracking, is rare. Although there is evidence that trees have grown in Bodmin Moor in the past, frost cracking rather than tree throw has likely been the dominant mechanism releasing intact material into the mobile soil column at both field sites over the Quaternary. Present day ground surface temperatures at Osborn Mtn are below 0°C for ~9 months of the year, as measured by temperature sensors, leaving only 3 months for chemical processes to operate. During winter, temperatures are cold enough for frost cracking to occur down to significant depths. In contrast, we calculate from a numerical model of the annual thermal cycle that the immediate sub-surface of the Bodmin Moor hillslope is not currently cold enough for frost cracking at any time of the year, meaning that chemical processes can operate continuously. However, given temperature drops of order 5-10°C during

  13. No Further Action Decision Under CERCLA, Study Area 31, Moore Army Airfield Fire Fighting Training Area, Fort Devens, Massachusetts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    National Priorities List under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act ( CERCLA ) as amended by the Superfund ...NLIl U.S. Army Environmental Center NO FURTHER ACTION DECISION UNDER I CERCLA STUDY AREA 31 MOORE ARMY AIRFIELD FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING AREA 3 FORT...RECYCLED PAPER AF AEC Form 󈧱,, 1 Feb 93 replaces THAMA Form 45 which is obsolete. I I I, NO FURTHER ACTION DECISIONU UNDER CERCLA STUDY AREA 313 MOORE

  14. WHOI Hawaii Ocean Timeseries Station (WHOTS): WHOTS-4 2007 Mooring Turnaround Cruise Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    development of new, basin scale air-sea flux fields . To accomplish these objectives, a surface mooring with sensors suitable for the determination of...Honolulu, on an open area of dirt near the pier. A surveyor’s compass was used to determine that the magnetic field in the area was constant within...stores internally, and sent out via a Seimac Wildcat transmitter using three Argos IDs to buffer six hours of data. Argplot reads the Uplinkw log

  15. Naval Submarine Support Base Kings Bay Fleet Moorings Underwater Inspection Plan.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-31

    L. v - FPO 8318.5 MR DTIC .:e sELECTE ~: MAY 02 0 NAVAL SUBMARINE ..........SUPPORT BASE KINGS BAY FLEET MOORINGS to UNDERWATER INSPECTION* PLAN D ’DU...depth of the remaining zinc meas ired and photographed. Anodes in poor condition should be measured, reported and photographed. Q 5.0 DOCUMENTATION The...Engineer-in-Charge will document the inspection procedures used and record the data obtained by the dive team. He may require additional or

  16. Mooring Operations for Thin-Ice Arctic Acoustic Window (THAAW) Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-20

    including reductions in the extent and thickness of the ice cover and extensive warming of the intermediate layers. The multiyear ice is melting . Ice ...but the subsurface float was trapped beneath the ice preventing the Xeos beacon from obtaining GPS positions and transmitting Iridium messages. The...Report 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 02/13/15-12/31/14 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Mooring Operations for Thin- Ice Arctic Acoustic Window (THAAW) Project

  17. Surge and pitch coupled nonlinear responses of a single point mooring system

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, R.; Li, G.

    1996-12-31

    The nonlinear dynamic analysis of the single point mooring systems under the action of random sea waves was carried out by means of nonlinear spectral analysis. The study indicates that it is possible to solve nonlinear vibration problems by using spectral analysis directly. It is not necessary to linearize the nonlinear terms in this method so that the errors introduced by linearization can be eliminated. Therefore, this method will provide a convenient and accurate tool for solving nonlinear random vibrations.

  18. Classical assessment to the single point mooring and turret dynamic stability problems

    SciTech Connect

    Fernandes, A.C.; Aratanha, M.

    1996-12-31

    The work reviews the single point mooring horizontal stability problem and applies some of the consolidated ideas to the turret equivalent problem. The Routh-Hurwitz criteria is applied and commercial time-domain programs are processed to understand what are the relevant properties for the turret. The concepts from Bifurcation Theory are addressed by direct approach. An actual turret case that will be installed in the deep water Campos Basin offshore Brazil is analyzed.

  19. State feedback control of surge oscillations of two-point mooring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitra, R. K.; Banik, A. K.; Chatterjee, S.

    2017-01-01

    Stability analysis of surge oscillations of two-point mooring system under state feedback control with time-delay is investigated. The two-point mooring system is harmonically excited and essentially represents a strongly nonlinear Duffing oscillator. In this paper, a frequency domain based method viz. incremental harmonic balance method along with arc-length continuation technique (IHBC) is first employed to identify the primary and higher order subharmonic responses which may be present in such system. The IHBC is then reformulated in a manner to treat two-point mooring system under state feedback control with time-delay and is applied to obtain control of responses in an efficient and systematic way. The stability of uncontrolled responses for primary and higher order subharmonic oscillations is obtained by Floquet's theory using Hsu' scheme; whereas the stability of controlled responses is obtained by applying semi-discretization method for delay differential equation. The study focussed on the controlling primary, higher order subharmonics and chaotic responses by considering appropriate feedback gains and delay by way of (i) appreciable reduction of primary, subharmonic responses, (ii) exclusion of all higher order subharmonics 2T, 3T, 5T and 9T (1/n subharmonics or period-n solutions), and (iii) reduction of the extent of domain of all instability phenomena represented by various type of bifurcation of solutions, jump phenomena, chaotic responses etc. In the study, negative velocity feedback is observed to be much effective than state feedback for better controlling of surge oscillation of two-point mooring system. Also, the effect of larger gain values is investigated by an extensive parametric study for vibration control with different delay values.

  20. Oscillation Responses to an Extreme Weather Event from a Deep Moored Observing System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Z.; Dimarco, S. F.; Stoessel, M. M.; Zhang, X.; Ingle, S.

    2011-12-01

    In June 2007 tropical Cyclone Gonu passed directly over an ocean observing system consisting of four, deep autonomous mooring stations along the 3000 m isobath in the northern Arabian Sea. Gonu was the largest cyclone known to have occurred in the Arabian Sea or to strike the Arabian Peninsula. The mooring system was designed by Lighthouse R & D Enterprises, Inc. and installed in cooperation with the Oman Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth. The instruments on the moorings continuously recorded water velocities, temperature, conductivity, pressure, dissolved oxygen and turbidity at multiple depths and at hourly intervals during the storm. Near-inertial oscillations at all moorings from thermocline to seafloor are coincident with the arrival of Gonu. Sub-inertial oscillations with periods of 2-10 days are recorded at the post-storm relaxation stage of Gonu, primarily in the thermocline. These oscillations consist of warm, saline water masses, likely originating from the Persian Gulf. Prominent 12.7-day sub-inertial waves, measured at a station ~300 km offshore, are bottom-intensified and have characteristics of baroclinic, topographically-trapped waves. Theoretical results from a topographically-trapped wave model are in a good agreement with the observed 12.7-day waves. The wavelength of the 12.7-day waves is about 590 km calculated from the dispersion relationship. Further analysis suggests that a resonant standing wave is responsible for trapping the 12.7-day wave energy inside the Sea of Oman basin. The observational results reported here are the first measurements of deepwater responses to a tropical cyclone in the Sea of Oman/Arabian Sea. Our study demonstrates the utility of sustained monitoring for studying the impact of extreme weather events on the ocean.

  1. An appreciation of Robert Moors Smith MD, an icon of pediatric anesthesiology.

    PubMed

    Holzman, Robert S

    2010-08-01

    Robert Moors Smith M.D. passed away recently at the age of 97. During his chairmanship of the Department of Anesthesiology at Children's Hospital Boston from 1946 to 1980 he gained world prominence for his contributions to the anesthetic care of children and the education of generations of pediatric anesthesiologists. His dedicated and earnest approach, reflected in tribute and in his own words, provide a window on pediatric anesthesia during its development into a recognized subspecialty in the 20th century.

  2. Optical Moorings-of-Opportunity for Validation of Ocean Color Satellites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    be standardized. The purpose of this study is to make recommenda- tions for the design and application of optical moorings- of-opportunity for ocean...Materials and Procedures Data relevant to this study were collected on the BTM, which was designed and configured to provide high frequency in situ...about 80 km southeast of Bermuda in waters of ~4567 m depth. BTM instrumentation of primary interest to the present study includes a chlorophyll

  3. Phytoplankton production in the Sargasso Sea as determined using optical mooring data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Waters, K. J.; Smith, R. C.; Marra, J.

    1994-01-01

    Optical measurements from an untended mooring provide high-frequency observations of in-water optical properties and permit the estimation of important biological parameters continuously as a function of time. A 9-month time series, composed of three separate deployments, of optical data from the BIOWATT 1987 deep-sea mooring located in the oligotrophic waters of the Sargasso Sea at 34 deg N, 70 deg W are presented. These data have been tested using several bio-optical models for the purpose of providing a continuous estimate of phytoplankton productivity. The data are discussed in the context of contemporaneous shipboard observations and for future ocean color satellite observations. We present a continuous estimation of phytoplankton productivity for the 9-month time series. Results from the first 70-day deployment are emphasized to demonstrate the utility of optical observations as proxy measures of biological parameters, to present preliminary analysis, and to compare our bio-optical observations with concurrent physical observations. The bio-optical features show variation in response to physical forcings including diel variations of incident solar irradiance, episodic changes corresponding to wind forcing, variability caused by advective mesoscale eddy events in the vicinity of the mooring, and seasonal variability corresponding to changes in solar radiation, shoaling of the mixed layer depth, and succession of phytoplankton populations.

  4. Transport through the Solomon Sea observed by Moorings and Inverted Echo Sounder with Bottom Pressures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anutaliya, A.; Send, U.

    2016-02-01

    The Solomon Sea, located between Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands in the western Pacific, is dominated by the northward flowing New Guinea Coastal Undercurrent (NGCUC). The NGCUC connects the subtropics to the equatorial region by acting as a conduit of water from the South Pacific to the Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC). Despite this important linkage, the structure and dynamics of the current system through the Solomon Sea are not fully understood. Since July 2012, moorings and bottom pressure sensors have been deployed at the western and eastern sides of the Solomon Sea allowing a continuous observation of the vertical structure of the current down to 500m depth along with the associated transport. The mean current has a maximum near 300m and the current fluctuates the most at the surface. Transport across the Solomon Sea has a seasonal pattern with a drastic change between April and August. Short-term variability can be as large as 15 Sv in a week or less. The available temperature and salinity profiles from moorings also permit identification of the sources of water coming into the Solomon Sea, whose transports can be distinguished. Finally, a technique is developed to reconstruct the transport and most of its vertical distribution based only on satellite altimetry and bottom pressure utilizing the vertical structure measured by moorings. The derived transport agrees quite well with the direct measurements suggesting the possibility of an economical monitoring system in the future.

  5. Analysis of ecological factors limiting the destruction of high-moor peat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobrovol'skaya, T. G.; Golovchenko, A. V.; Zvyagintsev, D. G.

    2014-03-01

    This review presents an analysis of literature data and original studies by the authors aimed at revealing the factors inhibiting the destruction of high-moor (oligotrophic) peat. Each of the ecological factors that prevent the decomposition of the high-moor peat by different groups of microorganisms is considered. The acid reaction, low temperatures, and lack of nutrients were found not to be the primary factors inhibiting the destruction of the peat. The limited content of oxygen in the peatbogs leads to a drastic decrease in the number of mycelial microorganisms and a reduction of the activity of hydrolytic and oxidizing enzymes. The main factor inhibiting the decomposition of sphagnum is its mechanical and chemical stability, since animals crushing sphagnum are absent in the soil, and this moss has polysaccharides of special composition. The toxicity of phenol compounds, which is manifested under the aerobic conditions, prevents the activity of all the hydrolytic enzymes. This is the main reason for the slow decomposition of sphagnum peat and the long-term preservation of the residues of bodies and food in high-moor peatlands.

  6. Combined string searching algorithm based on knuth-morris- pratt and boyer-moore algorithms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsarev, R. Yu; Chernigovskiy, A. S.; Tsareva, E. A.; Brezitskaya, V. V.; Nikiforov, A. Yu; Smirnov, N. A.

    2016-04-01

    The string searching task can be classified as a classic information processing task. Users either encounter the solution of this task while working with text processors or browsers, employing standard built-in tools, or this task is solved unseen by the users, while they are working with various computer programmes. Nowadays there are many algorithms for solving the string searching problem. The main criterion of these algorithms’ effectiveness is searching speed. The larger the shift of the pattern relative to the string in case of pattern and string characters’ mismatch is, the higher is the algorithm running speed. This article offers a combined algorithm, which has been developed on the basis of well-known Knuth-Morris-Pratt and Boyer-Moore string searching algorithms. These algorithms are based on two different basic principles of pattern matching. Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm is based upon forward pattern matching and Boyer-Moore is based upon backward pattern matching. Having united these two algorithms, the combined algorithm allows acquiring the larger shift in case of pattern and string characters’ mismatch. The article provides an example, which illustrates the results of Boyer-Moore and Knuth-Morris- Pratt algorithms and combined algorithm’s work and shows advantage of the latter in solving string searching problem.

  7. What is Radical Behaviorism? A Review of Jay Moore's Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism

    PubMed Central

    Baum, William M

    2011-01-01

    B. F. Skinner founded both radical behaviorism and behavior analysis. His founding innovations included: a versatile preparation for studying behavior; explicating the generic nature of stimulus and response; a pragmatic criterion for defining behavioral units; response rate as a datum; the concept of stimulus control; the concept of verbal behavior; and explicating the explanatory power of contingencies. Besides these achievements, however, Skinner also made some mistakes. Subsequent developments in radical behaviorist thought have attempted to remedy these mistakes. Moore's book presents a “party line” version of radical behaviorism. It focuses narrowly on a few of Skinner's concepts (mostly mentalism and verbal behavior) and contains no criticism of his mistakes. In fact, Moore adds a few mistakes of his own manufacture; for example, he insists that the mental realm does not exist—an unprovable and distracting assertion. The book's portrayal of behavior analysis would have been current around 1960; it mentions almost none of the developments since then. It also includes almost no developments in radical behaviorism since Skinner. Moore's book would give an unwary reader a highly distorted picture of contemporary behavior analysis and radical behaviorism.

  8. Air-sea interactions in the Southeast Pacific: Mooring, ship, and float observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamsitt, V. M.; Ogle, S.; Talley, L. D.; Gille, S. T.; Bigorre, S. P.

    2016-12-01

    The atmosphere interacts with the ocean through a number of mechanisms: for example, shortwave radiation heats the surface waters, wind-driven turbulence inputs momentum to the upper ocean, and precipitation freshens the surface layer. These processes are especially challenging to measure in the Southern Ocean due to its severe winter storms. The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) air-sea flux mooring, deployed in February 2015 at 55°S,90°W, provides the first extended time series of upper ocean measurements from the southeast Pacific. This poster focuses on heat fluxes and the effect of meteorological events on the surface ocean at the OOI mooring. The ERA-interim, OAFlux, NCEP, and the Southern Ocean State Estimate flux products are compared to data from the OOI mooring and from the December 2015 OOI deployment cruise on the R/V Palmer in the southeast Pacific. The flux products agree well with the observations. An analysis of storm events during the cruise shows that even summer storms can quickly alter the surface waters by decreasing temperature and salinity while deepening the mixed layer from under 50 m to over 100 m in less than three days.

  9. Three years of results from a mooring over a Posidonia Oceanica seagrass meadow (Corsica, France)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Champenois, Willy; Delille, Bruno; Lepoint, Gilles; Beckers, Jean-Marie; Grégoire, Marilaure; Borges Alberto, V.

    2010-05-01

    We report the first three years of results from a 10m deep mooring over a Posidonia Oceanica seagrass meadow (Corsica, France) where we deployed from August 2006 to November 2009 an array of 3 optodes. The oxygen data are used to compute by mass balance ecosystem metabolic performance rates (gross primary production (GPP), community respiration (CR), net community production (NCP)), allowing a detailed analysis of seasonal and year-to-year variability of GPP, CR and NCP. The comparison of GPP and CR values derived from the O2 mass balance with rates derived from discrete benthic incubations (every 2 months in 2006-2007, every 4 months in 2008-2009) is very satisfactory. An application of such a mooring is to detect changes in the productivity of the Posidonia meadow that can be used as indicators of overall ecosystem "health" or degradation by human activities. Such a mooring can be used as an affordable and simple tool for management and sustainable development of coastal areas in the Mediterranean.

  10. A Robust Self-Alignment Method for Ship's Strapdown INS Under Mooring Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Feng; Lan, Haiyu; Yu, Chunyang; El-Sheimy, Naser; Zhou, Guangtao; Cao, Tong; Liu, Hang

    2013-01-01

    Strapdown inertial navigation systems (INS) need an alignment process to determine the initial attitude matrix between the body frame and the navigation frame. The conventional alignment process is to compute the initial attitude matrix using the gravity and Earth rotational rate measurements. However, under mooring conditions, the inertial measurement unit (IMU) employed in a ship's strapdown INS often suffers from both the intrinsic sensor noise components and the external disturbance components caused by the motions of the sea waves and wind waves, so a rapid and precise alignment of a ship's strapdown INS without any auxiliary information is hard to achieve. A robust solution is given in this paper to solve this problem. The inertial frame based alignment method is utilized to adapt the mooring condition, most of the periodical low-frequency external disturbance components could be removed by the mathematical integration and averaging characteristic of this method. A novel prefilter named hidden Markov model based Kalman filter (HMM-KF) is proposed to remove the relatively high-frequency error components. Different from the digital filters, the HMM-KF barely cause time-delay problem. The turntable, mooring and sea experiments favorably validate the rapidness and accuracy of the proposed self-alignment method and the good de-noising performance of HMM-KF. PMID:23799492

  11. Fatigue life prediction of mooring chains for a floating tidal current power station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jing, Fengmei; Zhang, Liang; Yang, Zhong

    2012-06-01

    As a kind of clean and renewable energy, tidal current energy is becoming increasingly popular all over the world with the shortage of energy and environmental problems becoming more and more severe. A floating tidal current power station is a typical type of tidal current power transformers which can sustain the loads of wind, waves, and current, and even the extreme situation of a typhoon. Therefore, the mooring system must be reliable enough to keep the station operating normally and to survive in extreme situations. The power station examined in this paper was installed at a depth of 40 m. A 44 mm-diameter R4-RQ4 chain was chosen, with a 2 147 kN minimum break strength and 50 kN pretension. Common studless link chain was used in this paper. Based on the Miner fatigue cumulative damage rule, S-N curves of chains, and MOSES software, a highly reliable mooring system was designed and analyzed. The calculation results show that the mooring system designed is reliable throughout a 10-year period. It can completely meet the design requirements of American Petroleum institution (API). Therefore, the presented research is significant for advancing the design of this kind of power station.

  12. An optimized design for a moored instrument array in the tropical Atlantic Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hackert, Eric C.; Miller, Robert N.; Busalacchi, Antonio J.

    1998-04-01

    This paper presents a series of observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) which are intended as a design study for a proposed array of instrumented moorings in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Fields of TOPEX/Poseidon sea surface height anomalies are subsampled with the goal being reconstruction of the original fields through the use of reduced-space Kaiman filter data assimilation at a restricted number of locations. Our approach differs from typical identical and fraternal twin experiments in that real observed data (i.e., TOPEX/Poseidon data) are subsampled and used in place of synthetic data in all phases of the OSSEs. In this way the question of how closely a particular model-generated data set resembles nature is avoided. Several data assimilation runs are performed in order to optimize the location of a limited number of moorings for the proposed Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). Results of experiments in which data are assimilated at 2°N, 2°S and the equator and the longitude is systematically varied by 5° show that the greatest impact of the assimilated data occurs when the observations are taken between 15°W and 30°W. Next, a more systematic technique is presented which allows us to determine optimal points in an objective fashion by applying a least squares regression approach to reconstruct the errors on a dense array of points from the data misfits at any three selected points. The forecast error structure from the Kaiman filter is used in a novel way to assess the optimality of mooring locations. From a large sample of triads of points, the optimal mooring locations are found to be along the equator at 35°W, 20°W, and 10°W. Additional experiments are performed to demonstrate the efficacy of the initial and final PIRATA configurations and the added value that can be expected from PIRATA observations beyond existing expendable bathythermograph observations.

  13. Improvement of the accuracy of continuous GPS/Acoustic measurement using a slackly moored buoy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imano, M.; Kido, M.; Ohta, Y.; Takahashi, N.; Fukuda, T.; Ochi, H.; Honsho, C.; Hino, R.

    2016-12-01

    For the real-time detection of seafloor crustal movement and tsunami associated with large earthquakes, it is necessary to monitor them continuously in their source regions. For this purpose, Tohoku University, JAMSTEC, and JAXA have co-developed a continuous GPS/Acoustic (GPS/A) measurement system using a moored buoy, and the third sea-trial is ongoing for a year in Kumano-nada, Nankai Trough. In this presentation, we report of the positioning accuracy of the continuous GPS/Acoustic measurement in the buoy system. We have adopted the array positioning technique developed by researchers at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography with some improvements. The advantage of this method is that errors in assumed sound velocity and array geometry (relative positions of individual seafloor transponders) little affect positioning results when measurements are conducted in the vicinity of the array center. However, the GPS/A measurement using a moored buoy is generally conducted under much worse condition than the conventional one using a research vessel. In our system, the mooring cable length was determined to be 1.5 times the water depth for safety reasons against strong current. Therefore, the buoy is drifting within a relatively wide area by the wind and the current, and measurements are randomly performed at various points within the area. These features can lead to significant systematic errors in the array positioning, because the effect of errors in pre-defined array geometry increases as the observation point goes farther from the array center. At the moments, the positioning accuracy of GPS/A measurement using a moored buoy is estimated as 0.6/0.7 m, for the EW/NS components, respectively, from the data obtained during the third sea-trial. It is considered that errors in the assumed array geometry result in considerable errors in the array positioning. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the array geometry more precisely in order to improve the accuracy of GPS

  14. PREFACE: E-MRS 2012 Spring Meeting, Symposium M: More than Moore: Novel materials approaches for functionalized Silicon based Microelectronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wenger, Christian; Fompeyrine, Jean; Vallée, Christophe; Locquet, Jean-Pierre

    2012-12-01

    More than Moore explores a new area of Silicon based microelectronics, which reaches beyond the boundaries of conventional semiconductor applications. Creating new functionality to semiconductor circuits, More than Moore focuses on motivating new technological possibilities. In the past decades, the main stream of microelectronics progresses was mainly powered by Moore's law, with two focused development arenas, namely, IC miniaturization down to nano scale, and SoC based system integration. While the microelectronics community continues to invent new solutions around the world to keep Moore's law alive, there is increasing momentum for the development of 'More than Moore' technologies which are based on silicon technologies but do not simply scale with Moore's law. Typical examples are RF, Power/HV, Passives, Sensor/Actuator/MEMS or Bio-chips. The More than Moore strategy is driven by the increasing social needs for high level heterogeneous system integration including non-digital functions, the necessity to speed up innovative product creation and to broaden the product portfolio of wafer fabs, and the limiting cost and time factors of advanced SoC development. It is believed that More than Moore will add value to society on top of and beyond advanced CMOS with fast increasing marketing potentials. Important key challenges for the realization of the 'More than Moore' strategy are: perspective materials for future THz devices materials systems for embedded sensors and actuators perspective materials for epitaxial approaches material systems for embedded innovative memory technologies development of new materials with customized characteristics The Hot topics covered by the symposium M (More than Moore: Novel materials approaches for functionalized Silicon based Microelectronics) at E-MRS 2012 Spring Meeting, 14-18 May 2012 have been: development of functional ceramics thin films New dielectric materials for advanced microelectronics bio- and CMOS compatible

  15. An experimental study of the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of a SPAR buoy-type floating offshore wind turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Sinpyo; Lee, Inwon; Park, Seong Hyeon; Lee, Cheolmin; Chun, Ho-Hwan; Lim, Hee Chang

    2015-05-01

    An experimental study of the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of a SPAR buoy-type floating offshore wind turbine is presented. The effects of the Center of Gravity (COG), mooring line spring constant, and fair-lead location on the turbine's motion in response to regular waves are investigated. Experimental results show that for a typical mooring system of a SPAR buoy-type Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (FOWT), the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of the turbine can be considered negligible. However, the pitch decreases notably as the COG increases. The COG and spring constant of the mooring line have a negligible effect on the fairlead displacement. Numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis show that the wind turbine motion and its sensitivity to changes in the mooring system and COG are very large near resonant frequencies. The test results can be used to validate numerical simulation tools for FOWTs.

  16. An experimental study of the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of a SPAR buoy-type floating offshore wind turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Sinpyo; Lee, Inwon; Park, Seong Hyeon; Lee, Cheolmin; Chun, Ho-Hwan; Lim, Hee Chang

    2015-09-01

    An experimental study of the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of a SPAR buoy-type floating offshore wind turbine is presented. The effects of the Center of Gravity (COG), mooring line spring constant, and fair-lead location on the turbine's motion in response to regular waves are investigated. Experimental results show that for a typical mooring system of a SPAR buoy-type Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (FOWT), the effect of mooring systems on the dynamics of the turbine can be considered negligible. However, the pitch decreases notably as the COG increases. The COG and spring constant of the mooring line have a negligible effect on the fairlead displacement. Numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis show that the wind turbine motion and its sensitivity to changes in the mooring system and COG are very large near resonant frequencies. The test results can be used to validate numerical simulation tools for FOWTs.

  17. Numerical modeling of a spar platform tethered by a mooring cable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Xiangqian; Yoo, Wan-Suk

    2015-07-01

    Virtual simulation is an economical and efficient method in mechanical system design. Numerical modeling of a spar platform, tethered by a mooring cable with a spherical joint is developed for the dynamic simulation of the floating structure in ocean. The geometry modeling of the spar is created using finite element methods. The submerged part of the spar bears the buoyancy, hydrodynamic drag force, and effect of the added mass and Froude-Krylov force. Strip theory is used to sum up the forces acting on the elements. The geometry modeling of the cable is established based on the lumped-mass-and-spring modeling through which the cable is divided into 10 elements. A new element-fixed local frame is used, which is created by the element orientation vector and relative velocity of the fluid, to express the loads acting on the cable. The bottom of the cable is fixed on the seabed by spring forces, while the top of the cable is connected to the bottom of the spar platform by a modified spherical joint. This system suffers the propagating wave and current in the X-direction and the linear wave theory is applied for setting of the propagating wave. Based on the numerical modeling, the displacement-load relationships are analyzed, and the simulation results of the numerical modeling are compared with those by the commercial simulation code, ProteusDS. The comparison indicates that the numerical modeling of the spar platform tethered by a mooring cable is well developed, which provides an instruction for the optimization of a floating structure tethered by a mooring cable system.

  18. Geology and mineral deposits of the Minnie Moore and Bullion mineralized areas, Blaine County, Idaho

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Link, Paul Karl; Worl, Ronald G.

    2001-01-01

    In the early 1880?s the discovery of rich ores in the Minnie Moore and Bullion mineralized areas sparked a rush to settle and develop the Wood River valley. Silver and lead discoveries in these areas spurred the boom in mining after completion of the Oregon Short Line Railroad to Hailey in 1883. In both areas the ore comprises galena, sphalerite, and tetrahedrite in a gangue of siderite, calcite, or quartz. Minor goldbearing quartz veins are also present. The ore is in fissure and replacement veins along fracture systems that formed in Late Cretaceous time, after intrusion of nearby granodiorite or quartz diorite stocks. The ore formed under mesothermal conditions and heat was supplied by the nearby plutons. In the Minnie Moore area, the mineralized veins are cut by low-angle normal faults that are of probable Eocene age. In the Minnie Moore mineralized area, the host rock is the middle part of the Devonian Milligen Formation, (the informal Lucky Coin limestone and Triumph argillite), which is the same stratigraphic level as the host ore in the rich Triumph mine northeast of Hailey. In the Bullion mineralized area, the ore is hosted by the lower member of the Middle Pennsylvanian to Lower Permian Dollarhide Formation. Rich ore was mined in several tunnels that reached the Mayflower vein, a northwest-striking mineralized shear zone. The deposits are thought to be mainly mesothermal veins that formed in association with Cretaceous magmatism. The syngenetic stratiform model of ore formation has often been applied to these deposits, however, no evidence of syngenetic mineralization was found in this study. Faulting has displaced most of the major orebodies and thus has made mining these deposits a challenge.

  19. Design and performance of a horizontal mooring for upper-ocean research

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grosenbaugh, Mark; Anderson, Steven; Trask, Richard; Gobat, Jason; Paul, Walter; Butman, Bradford; Weller, Robert

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the design and performance of a two-dimensional moored array for sampling horizontal variability in the upper ocean. The mooring was deployed in Massachusetts Bay in a water depth of 84 m for the purpose of measuring the horizontal structure of internal waves. The mooring was instrumented with three acoustic current meters (ACMs) spaced along a 170-m horizontal cable that was stretched between two subsurface buoys 20 m below the sea surface. Five 25-m-long vertical instrument strings were suspended from the horizontal cable. A bottom-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) was deployed nearby to measure the current velocity throughout the water column. Pressure sensors mounted on the subsurface buoys and the vertical instrument strings were used to measure the vertical displacements of the array in response to the currents. Measurements from the ACMs and the ADCP were used to construct time-dependent, two-dimensional current fields. The current fields were used as input to a numerical model that calculated the deformation of the array with respect to the nominal zero-current configuration. Comparison of the calculated vertical offsets of the downstream subsurface buoy and downstream vertical instrument string with the pressure measurements were used to verify the numerical code. These results were then used to estimate total deformation of the array due to the passage of the internal waves. Based on the analysis of the three internal wave events with the highest measured vertical offsets, it is concluded that the geometry of the main structure (horizontal cable and anchor legs) was kept to within ±2.0 m, and the geometry of the vertical instrument strings was kept to within ±4.0 m except for one instance when the current velocity reached 0.88 m s−1.

  20. Design, Fabrication and Testing of Mooring Masts for Remotely Controlled Indoor and Outdoor Airships

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khaleelullah, Syed; Bhardwaj, Utsav; Pant, Rajkumar Sureshchandra

    2016-04-01

    This paper presents the design and structural details of two mooring masts, one for remotely controlled outdoor airships and another one for remotely controlled indoor airships. In a previous study, a mast for outdoor remotely controlled airship was designed to meet several user-specified operating requirements, and a simplified version of the same was fabricated. A spring loaded device was incorporated that sounds an alarm when the wind-loads exceed a threshold value, so that the airship can be taken indoors. The present study started with a critical analysis of that mast, and a new mast was designed and fabricated to remove several of its shortcomings. This mast consists of power screw operated telescopic module made of aluminium, mounted on a five legged base with castor wheels, for ease in mobility. Components of the existing mast were used to the possible extent, and the design was simplified to meet the assembly and transportation requirements. The spring mechanism used in alarming device was also modified to ensure higher sensitivity in the range of maximum expected wind-loads acting on the airship. A lightweight mooring mast for indoor remotely controlled airships was also designed and fabricated, which can accommodate non-rigid indoor airships of length up to 5 m. The mast consists of an elevating bolt operated telescopic module mounted on a tripod adapter base, with lockable castor wheels, and has a specially designed mooring-clamp at the top. The various modules and components of the mast were designed to enable quick assembly and transportation.

  1. HF radar comparisons with moored estimates of current speed and direction: Expected differences and implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graber, Hans C.; Haus, Brian K.; Chapman, Rickey D.; Shay, Lynn K.

    1997-08-01

    The validation of estimates of ocean surface current speed and direction from high-frequency (HF) Doppler radars can be obtained through comparisons with measurements from moored near-surface current meters, acoustic Doppler current profilers, or drifters. Expected differences between current meter (CM) and HF radar estimates of ocean surface vector currents depend on numerous sources of errors and differences such as instrument and sensor limitations, sampling characteristics, mooring response, and geophysical variability. We classify these sources of errors and differences as being associated exclusively with the current meter, as being associated exclusively with the HF radar, or as a result of differing methodologies in which current meters and HF radars sample the spatially and temporally varying ocean surface current vector field. In this latter context we consider three geophysical processes, namely, the Stokes drift, Ekman drift, and baroclinicity, which contribute to the differences between surface and near-surface vector current measurements. The performance of the HF radar is evaluated on the basis of these expected differences. Vector currents were collected during the High Resolution Remote Sensing Experiment II off the coast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, in June 1993. The results of this analysis suggest that 40%-60% of the observed differences between near-surface CM and HF radar velocity measurements can be explained in terms of contributions from instrument noise, collocation and concurrence differences, and geophysical processes. The rms magnitude difference ranged from 11 to 20 cm s-1 at the four mooring sites. The average angular difference ranged between 15° and 25° of which about 10° is attributed to the directional error of the radar current vector estimates due to the alignment of the radial beams.

  2. Impacts of PIRATA Mooring Observations in the MERCATOR Operational Ocean System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernandez, F.; Du Penhoat, Y.; Cousin, R.; Greiner, E.; Benkiran, M.

    2004-05-01

    Since January 2003, PIRATA mooring data in the tropical Atlantic are assimilated routinely in the Mercator operational ocean model. A series of 4 experiments have been carried out to test the impact on PIRATA data on the MERCATOR system (http://www.mercator-ocean.fr/). The control run is basically the operational system, assimilating in a multivariate scheme the temperature and salinity profiles (XBT, ARGO floats and at PIRATA moorings), and altimeter data. A second experiment is run assimilating in-situ data only outside the tropics (20oN-20oS). In a third experiment, we assimilated only PIRATA data, while in a fourth assimilation system excludes PIRATA data. We want to address on which processes and at what scales the assimilation of profiles of temperature and salinity of PIRATA mooring have an impact. Do they also improve the ocean interior below the depth of PIRATA profiles? Assimilation of PIRATA data leads to better equatorial dynamic constraints. The multivariate assimilation in the tropics of temperature and salinity profiles and sea level anomalies allows to constrain the equatorial dynamics and the mesoscale features, and to rectify the mass fields. Compared to altimeter-only assimilation run, it leads to a more realistic thermocline with a warming of the surface layer and a cooling below the thermocline. The improvements are visible in the mixed layer and below down to 300meters. When a lack of PIRATA occurred (if a sensor at a depth does not transmit), the impact is immediate but is more sensitive mainly between 200 and 400 meters. We also discuss the changes in the current system, mainly on the strength of the equatorial undercurrent and on the current system of the western boundary, the North Brasilan Current, regions where we usually found strong error growths.

  3. Equity and health policy in Africa: Using concept mapping in Moore (Burkina Faso)

    PubMed Central

    Ridde, Valéry

    2008-01-01

    Background This methodological article is based on a health policy research project conducted in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Concept mapping (CM) was used as a research method to understand the local views of equity among stakeholders, who were concerned by the health policy under consideration. While this technique has been used in North America and elsewhere, to our knowledge it has not yet been applied in Africa in any vernacular language. Its application raises many issues and certain methodological limitations. Our objective in this article is to present its use in this particular context, and to share a number of methodological observations on the subject. Methods Two CMs were done among two different groups of local stakeholders following four steps: generating ideas, structuring the ideas, computing maps using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis methods, and interpreting maps. Fifteen nurses were invited to take part in the study, all of whom had undergone training on health policies. Of these, nine nurses (60%) ultimately attended the two-day meeting, conducted in French. Of 45 members of village health committees who attended training on health policies, only eight were literate in the local language (Moore). Seven of these (88%) came to the meeting. Results The local perception of equity seems close to the egalitarian model. The actors are not ready to compromise social stability and peace for the benefit of the worst-off. The discussion on the methodological limitations of CM raises the limitations of asking a single question in Moore and the challenge of translating a concept as complex as equity. While the translation of equity into Moore undoubtedly oriented the discussions toward social relations, we believe that, in the context of this study, the open-ended question concerning social justice has a threefold relevance. At the same time, those limitations were transformed into strengths. We understand that it was essential to resort to the

  4. Baseline designs of moored and grazing 40-MW OTEC pilot plants. Volume B. Engineering drawings

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    This is one part of a two-volume report that presents baseline design data for two types of floating Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) pilot plants: (a) a moored plant that uses underwater cables to transmit electric power to a shore-based utility company, and (b) a cruising plantship that uses the OTEC electric power to produce an energy-intensive product onboard, where it is stored for later transshipment to market. This volume provides the engineering drawings of the hull, cold-water pipe, ship outfitting and machinery, OTEC power system, electrical system, and folded-tube heat exchangers.

  5. Baseline designs of moored and grazing 40-MW OTEC pilot plants. Volume B: Engineering drawings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1980-06-01

    Baseline design data are presented for two types of floating Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) pilot plants: (1) a moored plant that uses underwater cables to transmit electric power to a shore-based utility company, and (2) a cruising plantship that uses the OTEC electric power to produce an energy-intensive product onboard, where it is stored for later transshipment to market. Engineering drawings of the hull, cold-water pipe, ship outfitting and machinery, OTEC power system, electrical system, and folded-tube heat exchangers are provided.

  6. Mooring Operations Support for the University of Miami Project: Impact of Typhoons on the Pacific (ITOP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-03

    0.01 m/s to 0.20 m/s Currents 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Horizontal Offset (m) 3000 3500 4000 Figure 2. Black circles represent wire - rope /nylon...and upper SDOmwitie rope section JS on spread sheet i312i5m*-ra3ke +230*) 1Thx52(+1153fcg.+25«^ •:n32mt2n9Bh ASOOMCtfHh -BS 9* SfiflT P. 53" S tor... rope junction and red circles represent top of the glass balls. Final Report 2 of 2 140802SP WORK COMPLETED The two mooring systems were

  7. Genesis of the cumulate eucrites Serra de Mage and Moore County - A geochemical study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ma, M.-S.; Schmitt, R. A.

    1979-01-01

    An instrumental neutron activation analysis of element abundances in whole rock and plagioclase separates of the Serra de Mage chondrite has been conducted; plagioclase data and plagioclase mineral/liquid partition coefficients are employed to determine the REE abundances in the derivative equilibrium magmas from which Serra de Mage and Moore County chondrite plagioclases crystallized. No simple genetic relationship between the two chondrites appears likely through the route of fractional crystallization. A difference in degrees of partial melting of a similar source material (different from the source proposed for noncumulate eucrites) could be invoked to relate the two chondrites.

  8. F-104 instrumentation is checked by Keith E. Wright and Gaston A. Moore

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    Avionics technician Keith E. Wright (holding the flashlight) is showing Inspector Gaston A. Moore the new installation of instrumentation on the nose shelf of an F-104 at the NASA Ames - Dryden Flight Research Facility. The nose section of an F-104 is composed of a shelf that is attached to the bulkhead of the airplane and holds instrumentation enclosed by a nose cone. The nose cone is similar to a drawer. When open it reveals the instrumentation for repairs and new installations, and when closed it is held in place by fasteners for flight.

  9. Beyond Moore's Law: Harnessing spatial-digital disruptive technologies for Digital Earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foresman, Timothy W.

    2016-11-01

    Moore's law will reach its plateau by 2020. Big data, however, will continue to increase as the Internet of Things and social media converge into the new era of ‘huge data’. Disruptive technologies, including big data and cloud computing are forces impacting business and government communities. The truth of our collective future is suggested to align with the Digital Earth (DE) vision. Benefits of technological advances will be manifested from business performance improvements based on capitalizing the locational attributes of corporate and government assets - the foundation of big data. Better governance and better business represents a key foundation for sustainability and therefore should be explicit DE guiding principles.

  10. Spatial Analysis of Abyssal Temperature Variations Observed From the ALOHA Cabled Observatory and WHOTS Moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santiago-Mandujano, F.; Lukas, R.; Howe, B. M.; Plueddemann, A. J.; Weller, R. A.; Deppe, R. W.; Larson, N. G.; Murphy, D. J.; Guenther, R.

    2016-02-01

    The ALOHA Cabled Observatory (ACO) has measured temperature variations at 4726 m (1.8 mab) in the Kauai Deep since June 2011. Starting in June 2012, temperatures 37 m above bottom were also measured from the Woods Hole-Hawaii Ocean Time-series Site (WHOTS)-9 (-10) moorings approximately 11 km to the east (10 km to the southeast) of the ACO, at depths of 4631 (4720) m. RMS potential temperature (θ) differences between ACO and WHOTS were 4.2 mK over 2 years, significantly greater than the accuracy and precision of the Sea-Bird instruments that were used. From mid-2013 onward, three distinct cold events were observed at each of the sites. Two events in 2014 saw drops in temperature >20 mK over only a few days, followed by large oscillations (10-60 days) of about 10 mK. ACO-WHOTS Δθs were greater than 5 mK on numerous occasions during these events, lasting days to weeks. During the 3-day overlap of the WHOTS-9 and -10 moorings (separated by 12 km meridionally and 89 m vertically), dual temperature sensors on each mooring showed near-bottom θ colder than the ACO by 5-8 mK and 3 mK respectively. ACO/WHOTS-9(-10) Δθs were largest during these events suggesting that relatively small spatial scales are important in the dynamics of the cold events in the Kauai Deep. The correlation of WHOTS-9(-10) abyssal θ with the ACO record was 0.69 (0.66). Cross-spectra of Δθ are distinctly different for the two mooring periods, with squared coherence > 0.8 for periods longer than 114 days during the cold events observed by WHOTS-10. A relative coherence peak near 20 days is found in both cases. Temperature - velocity spectra and cross-spectra also suggest energetic non-tidal dynamics.

  11. Map showing reconnaissance geochemistry in the gold-pyrophyllite belt of northwestern Moore County, North Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lesure, Frank G.

    1981-01-01

    Traces of gold and molybdenum are widely disseminated in an area approximately 35 km long and 10 km wide in northwestern Moore County, N.C.  At least 2540 oz. of gold were recovered from 16 or more mines and prospects between 1880 and 1910.  One hundred and ninety rock samples out of 244 collected from old gold mines, pyrophyllite deposits and along roads contain gold quantities ranging from 0.02 to 2.4 parts per million.  In addition, 43 samples out of the 244 taken contain molybdenum in amounts ranging from 4 to 500 parts per million.

  12. Baseline designs of moored and grazing 40-MW OTEC pilot plants. Volume A: Detailed report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    George, J. F.; Richards, D.

    1980-06-01

    Baseline designs of two types of floating Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) pilot plants are presented. Both designs feature floating concrete hull structures that house up to 40 MW sub e (net) of OTEC power systems. One plant is designed for moored operation at an island site, and use underwater cables to transmit electric power to a shore-based utility company. The other plant is self-propelled and cruises slowly through tropical waters, using the OTEC electric power to produce an energy intensive product onboard, where it is stored for later transshipment to market.

  13. Numerical simulations and model tests of the mooring characteristic of a tension leg platform under random waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Jia-yang; Yang, Jian-min; Lü, Hai-ning

    2013-10-01

    Analyzing the dynamic response and calculating the tendon tension of the mooring system are necessary for the structural design of a tension leg platform (TLP). The six-degree-of-freedom dynamic coupling responses and the mooring characteristics of TLP under random waves are studied by using a self-developed program. Results are verified by the 1:40 scaling factor model test conducted in the State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering at Shanghai JiaoTong University. The mean, range, and standard deviation of the numerical simulation and model test are compared. The influences of different sea states and wave approach angles on the dynamic response and tendon tension of the mooring system are investigated. The acceleration in the center and corner of the deck is forecasted.

  14. Authentication of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore (Fang Ji) and differentiation of its common adulterants using microscopy and HPLC analysis.

    PubMed

    Joshi, Vaishali C; Avula, Bharathi; Khan, Ikhlas A

    2008-01-01

    Stephania tetrandra S. Moore (Hang Fang Ji) is used in traditional Chinese medicine as a diuretic, an antiphlogistic, and an antirheumatic. The name "fang ji" is applied to at least four different genera of plants, including Aristolochia fangchi Y. C. Wu ex L. D. Chow and S. M. Hwang, Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC., Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, and Sinomenium acutum Rehder and E. H. Wilson. Due to similarity in the use of their common names, Stephania tetrandra S. Moore is often confused with Aristolochia fangchi Y. C. Wu ex L. D. Chow and S. M. Hwang, which has potentially dangerous consequences. To aid rapid and easy differentiation between the roots of these four species, so as to avoid possible contamination, detailed macroscopic and microscopic observations were made using stereo-and light-microscopy. The powdered samples were further analyzed using HPLC.

  15. Sensitivity analysis of air gap motion with respect to wind load and mooring system for semi-submersible platform design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huo, Fa-li; Nie, Yan; Yang, De-qing; Dong, Gang; Cui, Jin

    2016-07-01

    A design of semi-submersible platform is mainly based on the extreme response analysis due to the forces experienced by the components during lifetime. The external loads can induce the extreme air gap response and potential deck impact to the semi-submersible platform. It is important to predict air gap response of platforms accurately in order to check the strength of local structures which withstand the wave slamming due to negative air gap. The wind load cannot be simulated easily by model test in towing tank whereas it can be simulated accurately in wind tunnel test. Furthermore, full scale simulation of the mooring system in model test is still a tuff work especially the stiffness of the mooring system. Owing to the above mentioned problem, the model test results are not accurate enough for air gap evaluation. The aim of this paper is to present sensitivity analysis results of air gap motion with respect to the mooring system and wind load for the design of semi-submersible platform. Though the model test results are not suitable for the direct evaluation of air gap, they can be used as a good basis for tuning the radiation damping and viscous drag in numerical simulation. In the presented design example, a numerical model is tuned and validated by ANSYS AQWA based on the model test results with a simple 4 line symmetrical horizontal soft mooring system. According to the tuned numerical model, sensitivity analysis studies of air gap motion with respect to the mooring system and wind load are performed in time domain. Three mooring systems and five simulation cases about the presented platform are simulated based on the results of wind tunnel tests and sea-keeping tests. The sensitivity analysis results are valuable for the floating platform design.

  16. Time series pCO2 at a coastal mooring: Internal consistency, seasonal cycles, and interannual variability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reimer, Janet J.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Xue, Liang; Vargas, Rodrigo; Noakes, Scott; Hu, Xinping; Signorini, Sergio R.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Feely, Richard A.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Sabine, Christopher; Musielewicz, Sylvia; Chen, Baoshan; Wanninkhof, Rik

    2017-08-01

    Marine carbonate system monitoring programs often consist of multiple observational methods that include underway cruise data, moored autonomous time series, and discrete water bottle samples. Monitored parameters include all, or some of the following: partial pressure of CO2 of the water (pCO2w) and air, dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), total alkalinity (TA), and pH. Any combination of at least two of the aforementioned parameters can be used to calculate the others. In this study at the Gray's Reef (GR) mooring in the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) we: examine the internal consistency of pCO2w from underway cruise, moored autonomous time series, and calculated from bottle samples (DIC-TA pairing); describe the seasonal to interannual pCO2w time series variability and air-sea flux (FCO2), as well as describe the potential sources of pCO2w variability; and determine the source/sink for atmospheric pCO2. Over the 8.5 years of GR mooring time series, mooring-underway and mooring-bottle calculated-pCO2w strongly correlate with r-values > 0.90. pCO2w and FCO2 time series follow seasonal thermal patterns; however, seasonal non-thermal processes, such as terrestrial export, net biological production, and air-sea exchange also influence variability. The linear slope of time series pCO2w increases by 5.2 ± 1.4 μatm y-1 with FCO2 increasing 51-70 mmol m-2 y-1. The net FCO2 sign can switch interannually with the magnitude varying greatly. Non-thermal pCO2w is also increasing over the time series, likely indicating that terrestrial export and net biological processes drive the long term pCO2w increase.

  17. Low-Frequency Responses of Nonlinearly Moored Vessels in Random Waves: Coupled Surge, Pitch and Heave Motions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarkar, A.; Eatock Taylor, R.

    2001-01-01

    The responses of a multi-degree-of-freedom model of a moored vessel are analysed, accounting for the hydroelastic interaction between the nonlinear wave hydrodynamics and the nonlinear mooring stiffness. A two-scale perturbation method developed by Sarkar & Eatock Taylor to determine low-frequency hydrodynamic forces on a single-degree-of-freedom model of a nonlinearly moored vessel has been extended to analyse the nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom dynamics of the system. Surge, heave and pitch motions are considered. The perturbation equations of successive orders are derived. To illustrate the approach, semi-analytical expressions for the higher-order hydrodynamic force components have been obtained for a truncated circular cylinder in finite water depth. In addition to conventional quadratic force transfer functions, a new type of higher-order force transfer function is introduced. This is used to characterize the hydrodynamic forces on the vessel which arise due to nonlinearity of the mooring stiffness. These are a type of radiation force, generated by the nonlinear interaction of the fluid-structure coupled system. Based on a Volterra series model, the power spectral densities of the new higher-order forces are then derived for the case of Gaussian random seas. It is shown that the additional response arising due to nonlinear dynamics of the mooring system can significantly contribute to low-frequency drift forces and responses of the vessel. Unlike conventional non-Gaussian second-order forces which are quadratic transformations of a Gaussian random process, the new higher-order forces arising due to the nonlinear mooring stiffness are polynomials of a Gaussian random process (up to fourth order for a Duffing oscillator model). This may significantly influence the extreme responses.

  18. Anti-inflammatory effects of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore on interleukin-6 production and experimental inflammatory disease models

    PubMed Central

    Kang, H-S.; Kim, Y-H.; Lee, C-S.; Lee, J-J.; Pyun, K-H.

    1996-01-01

    Deregulation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression caused the synthesis and release of many inflammatory mediators. It is involved in chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and malignancy. Stephania tetrandra S. Moore is a Chinese medicinal herb which has been used traditionary as a remedy for neuralgia and arthritis in China. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of S. tetrandra S. Moore in vitro and in vivo, its effects on the production of IL-6 and inflammatory mediators were analysed. When human monocytes/macrophages stimulated with silica were treated with 0.1–10 μg/ml S. tetranda S. Moore, the production of IL-6 was inhibited up to 50%. At these concentrations, it had no cytotoxicity effect on these cells. It also suppressed the production of IL-6 by alveolar macrophages stimulated with silica. In addition, it inhibited the release of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide from human monocytes/macrophages. To assess the anti-fibrosis effects of S. tetrandra S. Moore, its effects on in vivo experimental inflammatory models were evaluated. In the experimental silicosis model, IL-6 activities in the sera and in the culture supernatants of pulmonary fibroblasts were also inhibited by it. In vitro and in vivo treatment of S. tetrandra S. Moore reduced collagen production by rat lung fibroblasts and lung tissue. Also, S. tetrandra S. Moore reduced the levels of serum GOT and GPT in the rat cirrhosis model induced by CCL4, and it was effective in reducing hepatic fibrosis and nodular formation. Taken together, these data indicate that it has a potent anti-inflammatory and antifibrosis effect by reducing IL-6 production. PMID:18475741

  19. High Frequency, Long Time Series Measurements from the Bermuda Testbed Mooring in Support of SIMBIOS. Chapter 8

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dickey, Tommy; Dobeck, Laura; Sigurdson, David; Zedler, Sarah; Manov, Derek; Yu, Xuri

    2001-01-01

    It has been recognized that optical moorings are important platforms for the validation of Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS). It was recommended that optical moorings be maintained in order to: (1) provide long-term time series comparisons between in situ and SeaWIFS measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance; (2) develop and test algorithms for pigment biomass and phytoplankton primary productivity; and (3) provide long-term, virtually continuous in situ observations which can be used to determine and optimize the accuracy of derived satellite products. These applications require the use of in situ radiometers for long periods of time to evaluate and correct for inherent satellite undersampling (aliasing and biasing) and degradation of satellite color sensors (e.g., drifts as experienced by the Coastal Zone Color Scanner). The Bermuda Testbed Mooring (BTM) program was initiated in 1994 at a site located about 80km southeast of Bermuda in waters of about 4530 m depth. In August 1997, with NASA's support, we started to provide the Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies (SIMBIOS) program with large volumes of high frequency, long-term time-series bio-optical data from the BTM for SeaWiFS satellite ocean color groundtruthing and algorithm development. This NASA supported portion of the BTM activity spanned three years and covered five BTM deployments. During these three years, the quality of radiometric data has improved dramatically. Excellent agreement between BTM moored data and both SeaWiFS and nearby ship profile radiometric data demonstrate that technical advances in the moored optical observations have reduced the major difficulties that moored platforms face: biofouling and less frequent calibration.

  20. A Total Lightning Perspective of the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma Supercell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stano, Geoffrey T.; Schultz, Christopher J.; Carey, Lawrence D.; MacGorman, Don R.; Calhoun, Kristin M.

    2014-01-01

    In the early afternoon of 20 May 2013, a storm initiated to the west-southwest of Newcastle, Oklahoma. This storm would rapidly intensify into the parent supercell of the tornado that struck the city of Moore, Oklahoma. This article describes what contributions total lightning observations from the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array could provide to operational forecasters had these observations been available in real-time. This effort includes a focus on the GOES-R pseudo-geostationary lightning mapper demonstration product as well as the NASA SPoRT / Meteorological Development Laboratory's total lightning tracking tool. These observations and tools identified several contributions. Two distinct lightning jumps at 1908 and 1928 UTC provided a lead time of 19 minutes ahead of severe hail and 26 minutes ahead of the Moore, Oklahoma tornado's touchdown. These observations provide strong situational awareness to forecasters, as the lightning jumps are related to the rapid strengthening of the storm's updraft and mesocyclone and serve as a precursor to the stretching of the storm vortex ahead severe weather.

  1. SEEP 2 zooplankton data report: Winter, spring and summer collections at mooring 3 during 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Lane, P.V.Z.; Smith, S.L.; Flagg, C.N.; Schwarting, E.M.

    1991-03-01

    The second Shelf Edge Exchange Processes (SEEP II) experiment was designed as an extension of SEEP I work and was a multidisciplinary effort to describe the transport of carbon along and across the shelf and slope of the middle Atlantic Bight. A significant portion of the zooplankton work conducted during this project was devoted to repeated net sampling in close proximity to a moored acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) in order to establish the calibration of the backscatter amplitude with respect to biomass in the water column. The Brookhaven ADCP was deployed at mooring site M-3 of the SEEP II study region. We used a multiple opening/closing net and environmental sensing system to collect stratified samples of zooplankton as close to the ADCP as towing conditions would allow. In addition, when MOCNESS tows were not feasible due to time constraints, Bongo nets were towed vertically in close proximity to the ADCP. The data in this report are the quantitative taxonomic analyses of the samples collected for ADCP calibration in 1988. 3 refs., 1 fig.

  2. Diel vertical migration of zooplankton at the S1 biogeochemical mooring revealed from acoustic backscattering strength

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inoue, Ryuichiro; Kitamura, Minoru; Fujiki, Tetsuichi

    2016-02-01

    We examined the diel vertical migration of zooplankton by using the backscatter strength obtained from moored acoustic Doppler current profilers at mooring site S1 in the North Pacific subtropical gyre. There was seasonal variability in the vertical distribution and migration of the high-backscatter layers in that they became deeper than the euphotic zone (<100 m) in winter and were confined above this depth in other seasons. Seasonal changes in daylight hours also affected the timing of the diel migration. We found that lunar cycles affected vertical distributions of zooplankton near the surface by changing the light intensity. Physical events, such as mixed-layer deepening and restratification and the passage of a mesoscale eddy, also affected zooplankton behavior possibly by changing food environment in the euphotic zone. Since the comparison with net samples indicated that the backscatter likely represents the bulk biomass, the accuracy of biomass estimates based on net samples could be influenced by the high temporal variability of zooplankton distributions.

  3. Ethyl Acetate Extract of Artemisia anomala S. Moore Displays Potent Anti-Inflammatory Effect.

    PubMed

    Tan, Xi; Wang, Yuan-Lai; Yang, Xiao-Lu; Zhang, Dan-Dan

    2014-01-01

    Artemisia anomala S. Moore has been widely used in China to treat inflammatory diseases for hundreds of years. However, mechanisms associated with its anti-inflammatory effect are not clear. In this study, we prepared ethyl acetate, petroleum ether, n-BuOH, and aqueous extracts from ethanol extract of Artemisia anomala S. Moore. Comparing anti-inflammatory effects of these extracts, we found that ethyl acetate extract of this herb (EAFA) exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS/IFN γ -stimulated RAW264.7 cells. EAFA suppressed the production of NO in a time- and dose-dependent manner without eliciting cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying EAFA's anti-inflammatory effect, we showed that EAFA increased total cellular anti-oxidant capacity while reducing the amount of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in stimulated RAW264.7 cells. EAFA also suppressed the expression of IL-1 β and IL-6, whereas it elevates the level of heme oxygenase-1. These EAFA-induced events were apparently associated with NF- κ B and MAPK signaling pathways because the DNA binding activity of p50/p65 was impaired and the activities of both ERK and JNK were decreased in EFEA-treated cells comparing to untreated cells. Our findings suggest that EAFA exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the expression of iNOS.

  4. Motion performance and mooring system of a floating offshore wind turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Liang; Wu, Haitao

    2012-09-01

    The development of offshore wind farms was originally carried out in shallow water areas with fixed (seabed mounted) structures. However, countries with limited shallow water areas require innovative floating platforms to deploy wind turbines offshore in order to harness wind energy to generate electricity in deep seas. The performances of motion and mooring system dynamics are vital to designing a cost effective and durable floating platform. This paper describes a numerical model to simulate dynamic behavior of a new semi-submersible type floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) system. The wind turbine was modeled as a wind block with a certain thrust coefficient, and the hydrodynamics and mooring system dynamics of the platform were calculated by SESAM software. The effect of change in environmental conditions on the dynamic response of the system under wave and wind loading was examined. The results indicate that the semi-submersible concept has excellent performance and SESAM could be an effective tool for floating wind turbine design and analysis.

  5. The future of EUV lithography: enabling Moore's Law in the next decade

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pirati, Alberto; van Schoot, Jan; Troost, Kars; van Ballegoij, Rob; Krabbendam, Peter; Stoeldraijer, Judon; Loopstra, Erik; Benschop, Jos; Finders, Jo; Meiling, Hans; van Setten, Eelco; Mika, Niclas; Dredonx, Jeannot; Stamm, Uwe; Kneer, Bernhard; Thuering, Bernd; Kaiser, Winfried; Heil, Tilmann; Migura, Sascha

    2017-03-01

    While EUV systems equipped with a 0.33 Numerical Aperture lenses are readying to start volume manufacturing, ASML and Zeiss are ramping up their development activities on a EUV exposure tool with Numerical Aperture greater than 0.5. The purpose of this scanner, targeting a resolution of 8nm, is to extend Moore's law throughout the next decade. A novel, anamorphic lens design, has been developed to provide the required Numerical Aperture; this lens will be paired with new, faster stages and more accurate sensors enabling Moore's law economical requirements, as well as the tight focus and overlay control needed for future process nodes. The tighter focus and overlay control budgets, as well as the anamorphic optics, will drive innovations in the imaging and OPC modelling, and possibly in the metrology concepts. Furthermore, advances in resist and mask technology will be required to image lithography features with less than 10nm resolution. This paper presents an overview of the key technology innovations and infrastructure requirements for the next generation EUV systems.

  6. Enabling More than Moore: Accelerated Reliability Testing and Risk Analysis for Advanced Electronics Packaging

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ghaffarian, Reza; Evans, John W.

    2014-01-01

    For five decades, the semiconductor industry has distinguished itself by the rapid pace of improvement in miniaturization of electronics products-Moore's Law. Now, scaling hits a brick wall, a paradigm shift. The industry roadmaps recognized the scaling limitation and project that packaging technologies will meet further miniaturization needs or ak.a "More than Moore". This paper presents packaging technology trends and accelerated reliability testing methods currently being practiced. Then, it presents industry status on key advanced electronic packages, factors affecting accelerated solder joint reliability of area array packages, and IPC/JEDEC/Mil specifications for characterizations of assemblies under accelerated thermal and mechanical loading. Finally, it presents an examples demonstrating how Accelerated Testing and Analysis have been effectively employed in the development of complex spacecraft thereby reducing risk. Quantitative assessments necessarily involve the mathematics of probability and statistics. In addition, accelerated tests need to be designed which consider the desired risk posture and schedule for particular project. Such assessments relieve risks without imposing additional costs. and constraints that are not value added for a particular mission. Furthermore, in the course of development of complex systems, variances and defects will inevitably present themselves and require a decision concerning their disposition, necessitating quantitative assessments. In summary, this paper presents a comprehensive view point, from technology to systems, including the benefits and impact of accelerated testing in offsetting risk.

  7. Integration of multi-objective structural optimization into cementless hip prosthesis design: Improved Austin-Moore model.

    PubMed

    Kharmanda, G

    2016-11-01

    A new strategy of multi-objective structural optimization is integrated into Austin-Moore prosthesis in order to improve its performance. The new resulting model is so-called Improved Austin-Moore. The topology optimization is considered as a conceptual design stage to sketch several kinds of hollow stems according to the daily loading cases. The shape optimization presents the detailed design stage considering several objectives. Here, A new multiplicative formulation is proposed as a performance scale in order to define the best compromise between several requirements. Numerical applications on 2D and 3D problems are carried out to show the advantages of the proposed model.

  8. Making the Connection: Moore's Theory of Transactional Distance and Its Relevance to the Use of a Virtual Classroom in Postgraduate Online Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falloon, Garry

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the use of the Web-based virtual environment, Adobe Connect Pro, in a postgraduate online teacher education programme at the University of Waikato. It applied the tenets of Moore's Theory of Transactional Distance (Moore, 1997) in examining the efficacy of using the virtual classroom to promote quality dialogue and explored how…

  9. 78 FR 16650 - In the Matter of: Dan Tran Dang, 1010 W. Moore Street, Santa Ana, CA 92707; Order Denying Export...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security In the Matter of: Dan Tran Dang, 1010 W. Moore Street, Santa Ana, CA... address at: 1010 W. Moore Street, Santa Ana, CA 92707, and when acting for or on behalf of Dang,...

  10. Lesson Development for English Learners in Content Area Settings: Key Considerations. Q&A with Sarah Catherine K. Moore, Ph.D. 2016 Educator Effectiveness Webinar Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Sarah Catherine K.

    2016-01-01

    In this webinar, Dr. Sarah Catherine K. Moore, Program Director at the Center for Applied Linguistics, outlined factors for content area teachers to consider as they design and deliver lessons for mainstream classrooms that include English learner (EL) students. This Q&A addressed the questions participants had for Dr. Moore following the…

  11. The Subduction Experiment - Cruise Report R/V Knorr Cruise Number 138 Leg XV Subduction 3 Mooring Recovery Cruise 13-30 June 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    deployed for a third time in October 1992 during RRS Charles Darwin cruise number 73. The surface moorings included two WHOI moorings designated Central and...Experiment, Cruise Report, RRS Charles Darwin Cruise Number 73, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report, WHO1 93- 18, 102pp. Trask, Richard P

  12. A Compilation of Moored Instrument Data and Associated Oceanographic Observations. Volume XXX. Gulf Stream Extension and Norwegian Sea Overflow Intrusion Experiments, 1979 - 1980.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-10-01

    XXX (GULF STREAM EXTENSION AND -NORWEGIAN SEA OVERFLOW INTRUSION CA EXPERIMENTS) 1979 - 1980 by Ellen Levy, Susan A. Tarbe~l’ and. 3October 1982...MOORED INSTRUMENT DATA AND ASSOCIATED OCEANOGRAPHIC OBSERVATIONS, VOLUME Technical XXX (GULF STREAM EXTENSION AND NORWEGIAN SEA 6. PERFORMING ORG...8217 WHOI-82-43 A COMPILATION OF MOORED INSTRUMENT DATA AND ASSOCIATED OCEANOGPAPHIC OBSERVATIONS, VOLUME XXX (GULF STREAM

  13. FASINEX (Frontal Air-Sea Interaction Experiment) January - June 1986. FASINEX Moored Current Meter Array Data Report Including WHOI (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) Meteorologically Instrumented Surface Moorings (F2-845, F4-846, F6-847, F8-848, F10-849) and WHOI Long Term Subsurface Moorings (F1-829, F12-830)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    11. Kilometer separation of moorings. 17 12. Geographic locations of FASINEX moorings. 18 13. FASINEX Buoy with Meteorological Sensors. 24 14. Surface...array. 17 IN roD.󈨔. 750 UNI TED 40. 4 35* -35* FASINEX 25 AREA~ 2 / 75 70 650 60. 0 N Z8o N Uo II 066 V*N Longitude Figure 12. Geographic positioning...allows for the 4th segement of the data to match the FASINEX time period. The time periods for these segments are October 29, 1984 - March 1, 1985

  14. 33 CFR 165.804 - Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels-safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Snake Island, Texas City, Texas... Guard District § 165.804 Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels—safety zone... Turning Basin west of Snake Island; (3) The area of Texas City Channel from the north end of the Turning...

  15. The euonymus leaf-notcher, Pryeria sinica Moore (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) - alive and well in Fairfax County, Virginia

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Pryeria sinica Moore, a species native to the eastern Palearctic, was first detected in North America in 2001, where the conspicuous, gregariously-feeding larvae were noticed on ornamental Euonymous (Celastraceae) in a residential area of Fairfax County, Virginia. Although the species was moderatel...

  16. Enhanced-Group Moore Method: Effects on van Hiele Levels of Geometric Understanding, Proof-Construction Performance and Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salazar, Douglas A.

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to improve the van Hiele levels of geometric understanding, proof-construction performance and beliefs about proofs of the research respondents: future mathematics teachers exposed to the traditional (instructor-based) method and the enhanced-group Moore method. By using the quasi-experimental method of research, the study…

  17. SEEP II, Shelf Edge Exchange Processes-II: Chlorophyll a fluorescence, temperature, and beam attenuation measurements from moored fluorometers

    SciTech Connect

    Medeiros, W.H.; Wirick, C.D.

    1992-02-01

    The Shelf Edge Exchange Processes (SEEP) program sponsored by the United States Department of Energy is a multi-institutional effort designed to investigate the flux of suspended material from the continental shelf to the waters of the upper slope, and then possibly into the slope sediments. The first SEEP experiment (SEEP I) was across the outer continental shelf of New England during 1983--1984 and consisted of a series of nine cruises and a mooring array. The second experiment (SEEP II) focused specifically of the shelf/slope frontal region of the mid-Atlantic Bight off the Delmarva peninsula. This report presents data collected during SEEP II. The SEEP II experiment consisted of a series of ten cruises and mooring arrays as well as over-flights by NASA aircraft. The cruises were consecutively designated SEEP2-01 to SEEP2-10. Hydrographic data were collected on all cruises except SEEP2-04 and SEEP2-07 during which benthic processes were investigated. Mooring arrays were deployed during three cruises in the Spring, Summer and Winter of 1988. Brookhaven National Laboratory deployed sixteen fluorometer instrument packages on their moorings with sensors to measure: the in vivo fluorescence of phytoplankton, temperature, subsurface light, dissolved oxygen, and water transparency. Data from the fluorometer, temperature, and transmissometer sensors are reported herein.

  18. SEEP II, Shelf Edge Exchange Processes-II: Chlorophyll a fluorescence, temperature, and beam attenuation measurements from moored fluorometers

    SciTech Connect

    Medeiros, W.H.; Wirick, C.D.

    1992-02-01

    The Shelf Edge Exchange Processes (SEEP) program sponsored by the United States Department of Energy is a multi-institutional effort designed to investigate the flux of suspended material from the continental shelf to the waters of the upper slope, and then possibly into the slope sediments. The first SEEP experiment (SEEP I) was across the outer continental shelf of New England during 1983--1984 and consisted of a series of nine cruises and a mooring array. The second experiment (SEEP II) focused specifically of the shelf/slope frontal region of the mid-Atlantic Bight off the Delmarva peninsula. This report presents data collected during SEEP II. The SEEP II experiment consisted of a series of ten cruises and mooring arrays as well as over-flights by NASA aircraft. The cruises were consecutively designated SEEP2-01 to SEEP2-10. Hydrographic data were collected on all cruises except SEEP2-04 and SEEP2-07 during which benthic processes were investigated. Mooring arrays were deployed during three cruises in the Spring, Summer and Winter of 1988. Brookhaven National Laboratory deployed sixteen fluorometer instrument packages on their moorings with sensors to measure: the in vivo fluorescence of phytoplankton, temperature, subsurface light, dissolved oxygen, and water transparency. Data from the fluorometer, temperature, and transmissometer sensors are reported herein.

  19. 33 CFR 149.575 - How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? 149.575 Section 149.575 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION,...

  20. 33 CFR 149.575 - How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? 149.575 Section 149.575 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION,...

  1. 33 CFR 149.575 - How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How must objects protruding from the water, other than platforms and single point moorings, be marked? 149.575 Section 149.575 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DEEPWATER PORTS DEEPWATER PORTS: DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION,...

  2. A Modified Moore Approach to Teaching Mathematical Statistics: An Inquiry Based Learning Technique to Teaching Mathematical Statistics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLoughlin, M. Padraig M. M.

    2008-01-01

    The author of this paper submits the thesis that learning requires doing; only through inquiry is learning achieved, and hence this paper proposes a programme of use of a modified Moore method in a Probability and Mathematical Statistics (PAMS) course sequence to teach students PAMS. Furthermore, the author of this paper opines that set theory…

  3. Crossing the Bridge to Higher Mathematics: Using a Modified Moore Approach to Assist Students Transitioning to Higher Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLoughlin, M. Padraig M. M.

    2008-01-01

    The author of this paper submits that a mathematics student needs to learn to conjecture and prove or disprove said conjecture. Ergo, the purpose of the paper is to submit the thesis that learning requires doing; only through inquiry is learning achieved, and hence this paper proposes a programme of use of a modified Moore method in a Bridge to…

  4. 33 CFR 165.804 - Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels-safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Snake Island, Texas City, Texas... Guard District § 165.804 Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels—safety zone. (a) The following is a safety zone: (1) The west and northwest shores of Snake Island; (2)...

  5. 33 CFR 165.804 - Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels-safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Snake Island, Texas City, Texas... Guard District § 165.804 Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels—safety zone. (a) The following is a safety zone: (1) The west and northwest shores of Snake Island; (2)...

  6. 33 CFR 165.804 - Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels-safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Snake Island, Texas City, Texas... Guard District § 165.804 Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels—safety zone. (a) The following is a safety zone: (1) The west and northwest shores of Snake Island; (2)...

  7. 33 CFR 165.804 - Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels-safety zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Snake Island, Texas City, Texas... Guard District § 165.804 Snake Island, Texas City, Texas; mooring and fleeting of vessels—safety zone. (a) The following is a safety zone: (1) The west and northwest shores of Snake Island; (2)...

  8. Methodological Issues in the Validation of Implicit Measures: Comment on De Houwer, Teige-Mocigemba, Spruyt, and Moors (2009)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gawronski, Bertram; LeBel, Etienne P.; Peters, Kurt R.; Banse, Rainer

    2009-01-01

    J. De Houwer, S. Teige-Mocigemba, A. Spruyt, and A. Moors's normative analysis of implicit measures provides an excellent clarification of several conceptual ambiguities surrounding the validation and use of implicit measures. The current comment discusses an important, yet unacknowledged, implication of J. De Houwer et al.'s analysis, namely,…

  9. First Year Observations of Antarctic Circumpolar Current Variability and Internal Wave Activity from the DIMES Mooring Array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brearley, J. A.; Sheen, K. L.; Naveira-Garabato, A. C.

    2012-04-01

    A key component of DIMES (Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean) is the deployment of a two-year cross-shaped mooring array in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to the east of Drake Passage close to 57°W. Motivation for the cluster arises from the need to understand how eddies dissipate in the Southern Ocean, and specifically how much energy is extracted from the mesoscale by breaking internal waves, which in turn leads to turbulent mixing. The location of the mooring cluster was chosen to fulfil these objectives, being situated in a region of pronounced finestructure with high eddy kinetic energy and rough topography. The array, comprising 34 current meters and Microcats and a downward-looking ADCP, was first deployed in December 2009 and serviced in December 2010. Time series of current meter results from the most heavily-instrumented 'C' mooring indicate that a strong (up to 80 cms-1) surface-intensified north-eastward directed ACC occupies the region for most of the year, with over 85% of the variability in current speed being accounted for by equivalent barotropic fluctuations. A strong mean poleward heat flux is observed at the site, which compares favourably in magnitude with literature results from other ACC locations. Interestingly, four episodes of mid-depth (~2000 m) current speed maxima, each of a few days duration, were found during the 360-day time series, a situation also observed by the lowered ADCP during mooring servicing in December 2010. Early results indicate that these episodes, which coincide with time minima in stratification close to 2000 m, could profoundly influence the nature of eddy-internal wave interactions at these times. Quantification of the energy budget at the mooring cluster has been a key priority. When compared with previous moorings located in Drake Passage (Bryden, 1977), a near threefold-increase in mean eddy kinetic energy (EKE) is observed despite a small reduction in the mean kinetic energy

  10. Pyroxenes in Serra de Mage - Cooling history in comparison with Moama and Moore County

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harlow, G. E.; Prinz, M.; Nehru, C. E.; Taylor, G. J.; Keil, K.

    1979-01-01

    Thin sections and single grains of pyroxenes from the Serra de Mage feldspar cumulate eucrites were studied by X-ray crystallography, electron microprobe and optical techniques. It was concluded that the pyroxene crystallized as pigeonite. On cooling augite was exsolved along (001) and inverted to hypersthene, with exsolution of (100) augite from hypersthene during continued slow cooling. The estimated original bulk composition of the pigeonite pyroxene is Wo10En51Fs39. The compositional data, textural relations, and existence of P2 sub 1 ca hypersthene suggest very low cooling (about 0.0004 deg C/year) below 800 deg. The Serra de Mage augite lamellae were found to be as thick or thicker than those of Moore County and Moama meteorites.

  11. The business of high performance: The USC Darla Moore School of Business

    SciTech Connect

    Regnier, Cindy; Settlemyre, Kevin

    2013-10-01

    The University of South Carolina (USC), a public university in Columbia, South Carolina, partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to build a new, low-energy educational building. The new Darla Moore School of Business (DMSB) will consume at least 50% less energy than requirements set by Energy Standard 90.1-2007 of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) as part of DOE's Commerical Building Partnerships (CBP) program.4 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) provided technical expertise in support of this DOE program.

  12. Conceptual design and numerical simulations of a vertical axis water turbine used for underwater mooring platforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wenlong, Tian; Baowei, Song; Zhaoyong, Mao

    2013-12-01

    Energy is a direct restriction to the working life of an underwater mooring platform (UMP). In this paper, a vertical axis water turbine (VAWT) is designed to supply energy for UMPs. The VAWT has several controlled blades, which can be opened or closed by inside plunger pumps. Two-dimensional transient numerical studies are presented to determine the operating performance and power output of the turbine under low ocean current velocity. A standard k-ɛ turbulence model is used to perform the transient simulations. The influence of structural parameters, including foil section profile, foil chord length and rotor diameter, on the turbine performance are investigated over a range of tipspeed- ratios ( TSRs ). It was found that turbine with three unit length NACA0015 foils generated a maximum averaged coefficient of power, 0.1, at TSR = 2.

  13. Pyroxenes in Serra de Mage - Cooling history in comparison with Moama and Moore County

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harlow, G. E.; Prinz, M.; Nehru, C. E.; Taylor, G. J.; Keil, K.

    1979-01-01

    Thin sections and single grains of pyroxenes from the Serra de Mage feldspar cumulate eucrites were studied by X-ray crystallography, electron microprobe and optical techniques. It was concluded that the pyroxene crystallized as pigeonite. On cooling augite was exsolved along (001) and inverted to hypersthene, with exsolution of (100) augite from hypersthene during continued slow cooling. The estimated original bulk composition of the pigeonite pyroxene is Wo10En51Fs39. The compositional data, textural relations, and existence of P2 sub 1 ca hypersthene suggest very low cooling (about 0.0004 deg C/year) below 800 deg. The Serra de Mage augite lamellae were found to be as thick or thicker than those of Moore County and Moama meteorites.

  14. Molecular phylogenetic trees - On the validity of the Goodman-Moore augmentation algorithm

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holmquist, R.

    1979-01-01

    A response is made to the reply of Nei and Tateno (1979) to the letter of Holmquist (1978) supporting the validity of the augmentation algorithm of Moore (1977) in reconstructions of nucleotide substitutions by means of the maximum parsimony principle. It is argued that the overestimation of the augmented numbers of nucleotide substitutions (augmented distances) found by Tateno and Nei (1978) is due to an unrepresentative data sample and that it is only necessary that evolution be stochastically uniform in different regions of the phylogenetic network for the augmentation method to be useful. The importance of the average value of the true distance over all links is explained, and the relative variances of the true and augmented distances are calculated to be almost identical. The effects of topological changes in the phylogenetic tree on the augmented distance and the question of the correctness of ancestral sequences inferred by the method of parsimony are also clarified.

  15. Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation with memory, part I: exponential decay of energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lasiecka, Irena; Wang, Xiaojun

    2016-04-01

    We are interested in the Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation with memory τ{u}_{ttt}+ α u_{tt}+c2Au+bAu_t -int_0tg(t-s)A w(s){d}s=0. This model arises in high-frequency ultrasound applications accounting for thermal flux and molecular relaxation times. According to revisited extended irreversible thermodynamics, thermal flux relaxation leads to the third-order derivative in time while molecular relaxation leads to non-local effects governed by memory terms. The resulting model is of hyperbolic type with viscous effects. We first classify the memory into three types. Then, we study how a memory term creates damping mechanism and how the memory causes energy decay even in the cases when the original memoryless system is unstable.

  16. Anisotropy-driven transition from the Moore-Read state to quantum Hall stripes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Zheng; Sodemann, Inti; Sheng, D. N.; Fu, Liang

    2017-05-01

    We investigate the nature of the quantum Hall liquid in a half-filled second Landau level (n =1 ) as a function of band mass anisotropy using numerical exact diagonalization and density matrix renormalization group methods. We find increasing the mass anisotropy induces a quantum phase transition from the Moore-Read state to a charge density wave state. By analyzing the energy spectrum, guiding center structure factors, and by adding weak pinning potentials, we show that this charge density wave is a unidirectional quantum Hall stripe, which has a periodicity of a few magnetic lengths and survives in the thermodynamic limit. We find smooth profiles for the guiding center occupation function that reveal the strong coupling nature of the array of chiral Luttinger liquids residing at the stripe edges.

  17. Detection of explosives in a dynamic marine environment using a moored TNT immunosensor.

    PubMed

    Charles, Paul T; Adams, André A; Deschamps, Jeffrey R; Veitch, Scott; Hanson, Al; Kusterbeck, Anne W

    2014-02-27

    A field demonstration and longevity assessment for long-term monitoring of the explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in a marine environment using an anti-TNT microfluidic immunosensor is described. The TNT immunosensor is comprised of a microfluidic device with 39 parallel microchannels (2.5 cm × 250 µm × 500 µm, L × W × D) fabricated in poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA), then chemically functionalized with antibodies possessing a high affinity for TNT. Synthesized fluorescence reporter complexes used in a displacement-based assay format were used for TNT identification. For field deployment the TNT immunosensor was configured onto a submersible moored steel frame along with frame controller, pumps and TNT plume generator and deployed pier side for intermittent plume sampling of TNT (1h increments). Under varying current and tidal conditions trace levels of TNT in natural seawater were detected over an extended period (>18 h). Overnight operation and data recording was monitored via a web interface.

  18. Willie Hobbs Moore (1934-1994): The First Female African American Physicist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mickens, Ronald

    2011-03-01

    We discuss the life and career of Willie Hobbs Moore, the first African American woman to receive a doctorate degree in physics. This achievement occurred in June 1972 at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Her dissertation, directed by the renowned spectroscopist Samuel Krimm, was on the subject of ``A Vibrational Analysis of Secondary Chlorides," and focused on a theoretical analysis of the secondary chlorides for polyvinal-chlorine polymers. From 1972--1977, she, Krimm, and collaborators published more than thirty papers on this and related research issues. In addition to an overview of her family background, her careers as a research physicist and scientist working in various industrial laboratories, we discuss the obstacles and successes she encountered at various stages of her life.

  19. Podcasting at the University of Virginia Claude Moore Health Sciences Library.

    PubMed

    Ragon, Bart; Looney, Ryan P

    2007-01-01

    The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library co-sponsors a History of the Health Sciences Lecture Series in the fall and spring of each year. Each lecture is produced and recorded for the benefit of the University of Virginia Heath System and members of the surrounding community. In the fall of 2005, the Library decided to begin podcasting the lectures via the Internet. This article describes the investigation process for creating access to the content via podcast, Webcast, and direct download. The article also addresses how the Library is teaching podcasting in its annual Multimedia Bootcamp and exploring additional uses for podcasting. doi:10.1300/J115v26n01_02.

  20. A New Species of the Genus Parasa Moore (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) from Yemen

    PubMed Central

    Solovyev, Alexey V.; Saldaitis, Aidas

    2010-01-01

    A new species Parasa dusii Solovyev and Saldaitis from northern Yemen is described (holotype in Museum Witt, Munich; Germany). The species has tendency to lose the green pigment typical for other congeners. It is provisionally placed into the genus Parasa Moore, 1859 where it is closely related to P. divisa West, 1940, P. catori Bethune-Baker, 1911, P. marginata West, 1940, P. thamia Rungs, 1951, P. dentina Hering, 1932, P. ananii Karsch, 1896, and P. semiochracea Hering, 1933. The relationship of the new species to these African species suggests its secondary penetration into the Arabian Peninsula from an origin in tropical Africa. The problems of monophyly of the genus Parasa and several associated genera are briefly discussed. All important characters of the new species, and some related species, are illustrated. PMID:21265613

  1. A new species of the genus Parasa Moore (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) from Yemen.

    PubMed

    Solovyev, Alexey V; Saldaitis, Aidas

    2010-01-01

    A new species Parasa dusii Solovyev and Saldaitis from northern Yemen is described (holotype in Museum Witt, Munich; Germany). The species has tendency to lose the green pigment typical for other congeners. It is provisionally placed into the genus Parasa Moore, 1859 where it is closely related to P. divisa West, 1940, P. catori Bethune-Baker, 1911, P. marginata West, 1940, P. thamia Rungs, 1951, P. dentina Hering, 1932, P. ananii Karsch, 1896, and P. semiochracea Hering, 1933. The relationship of the new species to these African species suggests its secondary penetration into the Arabian Peninsula from an origin in tropical Africa. The problems of monophyly of the genus Parasa and several associated genera are briefly discussed. All important characters of the new species, and some related species, are illustrated.

  2. Comparison of shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler and moored current measurements in the Equatorial Pacific

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chereskin, T. K.; Regier, L. A.; Halpern, D.

    1987-01-01

    Depth-averaged current shears computed from shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and moored Savonius rotor and vane vector-averaging current meter (VACM) measurements are compared at 35, 62.5, 100 and 140 m depths within 7 km of each other near 0 deg, 140 deg W during a 12-day interval in November 1984. The agreement between the VACM and ADCP shears was excellent. The average root-mean-square difference of hourly shear values was small, approximately 0.0021/s, and the average correlation coefficient was 0.90. Spectral estimates were equivalent to within a 95 percent significance level and the VACM and ADCP shears were 95 percent statistically coherent with zero phase difference for frequencies below 0.2 cycles per hour.

  3. Bifurcation analysis of surge and rotating stall in the Moore-Greitzer compression system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hos, Csaba; Champneys, Alan; Kullmann, Laszlo

    2003-04-01

    A simple compression system model, described by a set of three ordinary nonlinear differential equations (the Moore-Greitzer model) is studied using bifurcation analysis to give a qualitative understanding of the presence of surge and rotating stall. First, three parameter values are chosen and a reduced planar system is studied to detect the local bifurcations of pure surge modes. The global bifurcation diagrams are then completed with the help of the continuation software AUTO. A special feature of this 2D system is a set of parameter values where two Takens-Bogdanov points merge. As a next step, the interaction of surge and rotating stall modes is analysed using the same branch tracking technique. Several novel bifurcation scenarios are described. Two-parameter bifurcation maps are computed and a satisfactory agreement with experimental results is found. An explanation is given for the onset of deep surge, rotating stall, classic surge and the hysteresis effects experienced in measurements.

  4. Molecular phylogenetic trees - On the validity of the Goodman-Moore augmentation algorithm

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holmquist, R.

    1979-01-01

    A response is made to the reply of Nei and Tateno (1979) to the letter of Holmquist (1978) supporting the validity of the augmentation algorithm of Moore (1977) in reconstructions of nucleotide substitutions by means of the maximum parsimony principle. It is argued that the overestimation of the augmented numbers of nucleotide substitutions (augmented distances) found by Tateno and Nei (1978) is due to an unrepresentative data sample and that it is only necessary that evolution be stochastically uniform in different regions of the phylogenetic network for the augmentation method to be useful. The importance of the average value of the true distance over all links is explained, and the relative variances of the true and augmented distances are calculated to be almost identical. The effects of topological changes in the phylogenetic tree on the augmented distance and the question of the correctness of ancestral sequences inferred by the method of parsimony are also clarified.

  5. Neutral fermion excitations in the Moore-Read state at filling factor ν = 5/2.

    PubMed

    Möller, Gunnar; Wójs, Arkadiusz; Cooper, Nigel R

    2011-07-15

    We present evidence supporting the weakly paired Moore-Read phase in the half-filled second Landau level, focusing on some of the qualitative features of its excitations. Based on numerical studies, we show that systems with odd particle number at the flux N(ϕ)=2N-3 can be interpreted as a neutral fermion mode of one unpaired fermion, which is gapped. The mode is found to have two distinct minima, providing a signature that could be observed by photoluminescence. In the presence of two quasiparticles the same neutral fermion excitation is shown to be gapless, confirming expectations for non-abelian statistics of the Ising model with degenerate fusion channels 1 and ψ.

  6. Long-Term Stability of a Moored Optical Oxygen Sensor in an Estuary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaeger, S. A.; Murphy, D. J.; Janzen, C.; Bennett, S.; Simbeck, S.

    2016-02-01

    Oxygen is a key parameter for understanding biological production, deep water mass transport, biogeochemical cycling, and other oceanographic processes. Improvements and assessments of the long-term stability of oxygen sensors contribute to a better understanding of oxygen data quality. For moored platforms, increased sensor stability can also lead to fewer field servicing visits. In this study, the stability of the Sea-Bird SBE 63 optical dissolved oxygen (ODO) sensor is evaluated over a two-year period. A SBE37SMP-CTD-ODO instrument with Sea-Bird's standard anti-foulant protection was deployed at a high-fouling site in an estuary with the goal of assessing undisturbed sensor drift (without any cleaning or servicing). Periodic field site visits were completed every 1 - 3 months using side-by-side comparisons with a calibrated SBE 43 reference sensor, replicate water sample collection for Winkler titration, and vertical CTD profiles to assess water column structure. After 1.5 years, the moored ODO instrument drifted low of correct by 1.5% compared to Winkler samples and post calibration results. Dry storage drift tests completed at Sea-Bird indicate ODO shelf drift can be on the order of -1.0 to -1.3% per year. Post calibration results after two years agreed well with field test comparisons. Overall, the ODO sensor showed stability within the initial accuracy specification (+/- 2%) and negligible effects from biofouling. Further studies in different environments will continue to provide more information on sensor performance in the field.

  7. An Instrument for Autonomous Measurement of the CO2 System in Seawater via Moored Deployments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, W. R.; Sayles, F. L.; McCorkle, D. C.

    2011-12-01

    Recent study of the oceanic uptake of CO2 and its consequences for chemical balances in seawater have made clear the need for continuous, autonomous measurements of the CO2 system. RATS (the Robotic Analyzer for the TCO2 system in Seawater) has been developed to fill that need for mooring-based measurements. The instrument combines conductimetric measurement of TCO2 with spectrophotometric pH measurement for calculation of CO2 speciation. The TCO2/ pH pair of analyses permits precise calculation of both pCO2 (for air-sea exchange studies) and the saturation state of seawater with respect to carbonate minerals (for studies of the effect of ocean acidification on calcifying organisms). Operating under battery power, RATS can perform a total of 800 analyses at intervals of 1.5-hours or more for deployments of up to 8 months. Field tests have shown that TCO2 can be measured over a 6-week interval with precision and accuracy of +/- 3.5 micromol/kg. The recently rebuilt pH system has been shown in the laboratory to have precision of +/- 0.001 pH units and accuracy of +/- 0.005 or better; this performance was sustained over a 2-month test period. The new pH system and TCO2 will be tested in the field in the fall of 2011; tests will include detailed comparison of RATS with discrete, laboratory-based measurements of the CO2 system. RATS is a low-power, mooring-based instrument that meets the needs for the study of CO2 cycling in the surface ocean.

  8. The Subduction Experiment, Cruise Report, RRS Charles Darwin Cruise Number 73. Subduction 3 Mooring Deployment and Recovery Cruise 30 September-26 October 1992

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-01

    RRS Charles Darwin Cruise Number 73 Subduction 3 Mooring Deployment and Recovery Cruise 30 September -26 October 1992 * by T Richard P. Trask 1.7 i•; A...RRS Charles Darwin cruise number 73 which was the third scheduled Subduction mooring cruise. During this cruise the second setting of the moorings...14 Table A6-1 XBT Positions 82 I S "I U Im ’i i i n I Section 1: Introduction The RRS Charles Darwin departed Funchal, Madeira at 0910 UTC on

  9. NIOZ high-resolution moored temperature observations: benefits and new challenges.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cimatoribus, Andrea; Gostiaux, Louis; Cyr, Frederic; van Haren, Hans

    2016-04-01

    The Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research has been developing for several years a family of temperature sensors (NIOZ1 to NIOZ5). In the latest iterations of this project, these instruments are precise (10-3 K or better), have a very low noise level (below 10-3 K), are relatively fast (sampling rate of 1Hz) and can measure for extended periods of time (several months). Being also compact and lightweight, several thermistors can be attached on a single line at a fine vertical spacing (20cm or more). When mounted on a cable, the instruments are all synchronised to a single clock, thus providing simultaneous measurements throughout the depth range of the mooring (usually in the order of 100m). Recently, the instruments have also been deployed in a group of 5 lines approximately 5m apart from each other, providing a unique view on the three-dimensional temperature field. After almost 10 years of successful deployments at sea, we try to draw some conclusions from this effort, from the scientific and technical point of view. This observational system provides temperature measurements with vertical spatial resolution comparable to that of microstructure profilers, but in comparison to ship-borne systems it offers some distinctive features: providing instantaneous measurements throughout the mooring, observations of waves and overturning structures are not influenced by the time delay between measurements at different depths; the very low noise level and high precision enables the study of the deep, weakly stratified ocean; by using a heavy ballast at the bottom and a high net buoyancy at the top of the mooring, Eulerian measurements are effectively obtained; continuous, high sampling rate Eulerian measurements enable to assess the intermittent, sporadic nature of turbulence and wave activity in the ocean; the large range of time scales included in the observations (100 - 106 s) allows to study a large portion of the turbulence inertial range, the full internal wave

  10. Mooring observations of the near-inertial wave wake of Hurricane Ida (2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pallàs-Sanz, Enric; Candela, Julio; Sheinbaum, Julio; Ochoa, José

    2016-12-01

    The near-inertial wave wake of Hurricane Ida is examined of the basis of horizontal velocity observations acquired from 7 moorings instrumented with acoustic Doppler current profilers deployed across the shelf break, slope, and at the abyssal plain of the Yucatan Peninsula, from 130 m to ∼3300 m. During the forced stage, background mean-flow consisted on a dominant cyclonic circulation of ∼100 km of diameter intensified toward the Yucatan's shelf (topographic constraint) and bounded by anticyclonic vorticity northeastward (north 25° N). In the low frequency band, subinertial signals of ∈ [5.5-7.5] day period propagating along the Yucatan shelf break. After the passage of Hurricane Ida, energetic near-inertial oscillations spread away from the storm's track over cyclonic vorticity. The wave's Eulerian frequency increases shoreward and toward the Yucatan's shelf. After Ida's passage, mooring data show a contrasting velocity response: semi-diurnal and diurnal tides are enhanced at the shelf break of the Yucatan Peninsula and near-inertial oscillations at the slope and abyssal plain. The near-inertial kinetic energy is largest to the right of the storm track because of the asymmetric wind-stress and amplified due to vorticity trapping near z =-500 m, which is a proxy of the base of the mesoscale structure and where the mean-flow is nearly zero. The blue frequency shifted wave wake propagates downward at ∼57-70 m day-1 and horizontally at 23-28 km day-1 leading a downward vertical energy flux of [1.3-1.6] × 10-2 W m-2. This represents a 7-9% of the total wind power input to near-inertial oscillations that, ultimately, became available for interior ocean mixing. The results suggest that the most energetic wave packet propagated poleward and downward from a broad upwelling region located near the Hurricane's track. The vertical structure of the near-inertial kinetic energy is described as a sum of the first 12 standing vertical modes and as vertically

  11. Sea-Change in Ocean Observations on Moored Buoys from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouchard, R. H.; Elliott, J.; Pounder, D.; Kern, K.

    2014-12-01

    The presentation will provide the technical specifications, the systems engineering processes, and preliminary results from laboratory and field tests, as the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) undertakes a fundamental and broad transformation (sea-change) of its ocean observing systems on moored buoys. This transformation is necessary to gain efficiencies in maintaining operational ocean observation networks and to increase their reliability, which will reduce maintenance costs. The presentation will also compare and contrast existing and planned systems. The Self-Contained Ocean Observations Payload (SCOOP) takes advantage of the advances in communications and small, efficient, multi-purpose sensors to reduce the size and costs of systems and expand the suite of available real-time ocean observations. The communications will allow NDBC to increase the precision and decrease the latency of the observations. The hallmark of SCOOP is the modularity of the payloads that allow NDBC to host specialized systems, for the oceanographic research community, which may include observing ocean acidification and algal blooms, and tracking marine life, alongside its standard suite of meteorological, oceanographic, and wave systems. SCOOP will include cameras, primarily to document vandalism incidents, but they can also serve to corroborate many of the automatic observations. The two-year integration project - focused on recapitalization of NDBC's network of Hurricane Weather buoys - is aided by NDBC's 40 years of experience with marine observations and its continually improving approach to testing. Testimony to the rigor of NDBC's development and test procedures is that the World Meteorological Organization and the Intergovernmental Ocean Commission have designated NDBC as the first Regional Marine Instrumentation Center (RMIC). Integral to the fielding of these new systems is a Mission Control Center (MCC) performing the real-time, specialized monitoring and analyses and

  12. [Analysis of helminthofauna of common spaedfoot Pelobates fuscus (Laurenti, 1768) and moor frog Rana arvalis Nilsson, 1842 (Amphibia: Anura) at their joint habitation].

    PubMed

    Ruchin, A B; Chikhliaev, I V; Lukiianov, S V

    2009-01-01

    The helminths fauna of common spaedfoot Pelobates fuscus (Laurenti, 1768) and moor frog Rana arvalis Nilsson, 1842 has been studied at their joint habitation. The stuff was collected in 1998-2002, 2004-2006 years in several regions (republic Mordovia, Samara and Saratov areas). The processing of a stuff is conducted by a method of full helmintologic dissecting. The fauna of helminths considerably differs. For common spaedfoot only 13 species of helminths was detected which also parasitized moor frog (for moor frog 23 species) are detected. The index Jaccar demonstrated mean resemblance structure of helminths and varied from 0.25 till 0.69, and the index Morisite--from 44.58 of % till 74.51 of %. The communities of parasites of common spaedfoot was characterized by low values of an index of Shannon, but the high indexes of an index Simpson, whereas for moor frog tracked the return tendence.

  13. Optical variability and pigment biomass in the Sargasso Sea as determined using deep-sea optical mooring data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, R. C.; Waters, K. J.; Baker, K. S.

    1991-01-01

    A 9-month time series of optical data, composed of three separate deployments, from the Biowatt 1987 deep-sea mooring located in the oligotrophic waters of the Sargasso Sea at 32 deg N, 70 deg W, is presented. These data were analyzed using several biooptical models for the purpose of providing a continuous estimate of the spectral diffuse attenuation coefficient and pigment biomass. Results of the first 70-day deployment demonstrate the utility of optical observations as proxy measures of biological parameters, and facilitate a preliminary analysis of the temporal variations and a comparison of the present biooptical observations with concurrent physical observations. Biooptical properties exhibit variation in response to physical forcings, such as diel variations of incident solar irradiance, episodic wind forcing, advective mesoscale eddy layer depth, and succession of phytoplankton. The mooring data are discussed in the context of contemporaneous shipboard observations as well as in terms of future ocean satellite observations.

  14. Development of mooring-anchor program in public domain for coupling with floater program for FOWTs (Floating Offshore Wind Turbines)

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, MooHyun

    2014-08-01

    This report presents the development of offshore anchor data sets which are intended to be used to develop a database that allows preliminary selection and sizing of anchors for the conceptual design of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs). The study is part of a project entitled “Development of Mooring-Anchor Program in Public Domain for Coupling with Floater Program for FOWTs (Floating Offshore Wind Turbines)”, under the direction of Dr. Moo-Hyun Kim at the Texas A&M University and with the sponsorship from the US Department of Energy (Contract No. DE-EE0005479, CFDA # 81.087 for DE-FOA-0000415, Topic Area 1.3: Subsurface Mooring and Anchoring Dynamics Models).

  15. Optical variability and pigment biomass in the Sargasso Sea as determined using deep-sea optical mooring data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, R. C.; Waters, K. J.; Baker, K. S.

    1991-01-01

    A 9-month time series of optical data, composed of three separate deployments, from the Biowatt 1987 deep-sea mooring located in the oligotrophic waters of the Sargasso Sea at 32 deg N, 70 deg W, is presented. These data were analyzed using several biooptical models for the purpose of providing a continuous estimate of the spectral diffuse attenuation coefficient and pigment biomass. Results of the first 70-day deployment demonstrate the utility of optical observations as proxy measures of biological parameters, and facilitate a preliminary analysis of the temporal variations and a comparison of the present biooptical observations with concurrent physical observations. Biooptical properties exhibit variation in response to physical forcings, such as diel variations of incident solar irradiance, episodic wind forcing, advective mesoscale eddy layer depth, and succession of phytoplankton. The mooring data are discussed in the context of contemporaneous shipboard observations as well as in terms of future ocean satellite observations.

  16. Concentric waves and short-period oscillations observed in the ionosphere after the 2013 Moore EF5 tornado

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishioka, Michi; Tsugawa, Takuya; Kubota, Minoru; Ishii, Mamoru

    2013-11-01

    We detected clear concentric waves and short-period oscillations in the ionosphere after an Enhanced Fujita scale (EF)5 tornado hit Moore, Oklahoma, U.S., on 20 May 2013 using dense wide-coverage ionospheric total electron content (TEC) observations in North America. These concentric waves were nondispersive, with a horizontal wavelength of ~120 km and a period of ~13 min. They were observed for more than 7 h throughout North America. TEC oscillations with a period of ~4 min were also observed to the south of Moore for more than 8 h. A comparison between the TEC observations and infrared cloud image from the GOES satellite indicates that the concentric waves and short-period oscillations are caused by supercell-induced atmospheric gravity waves and acoustic resonances, respectively. This observational result provides the first clear evidence of a severe meteorological event causing atmospheric waves propagating upward in the upper atmosphere and reaching the ionosphere.

  17. Understanding the behavior of the Pacific-origin waters from the ocean mooring data observed on the Chukchi Plateau

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, Kyoung-Ho; Shimada, Koji; Choi, Youngsuk; Yoshizawa, Eri; Kang, Sung-Ho

    2016-04-01

    In summer 2015, two ocean mooring systems were recovered in the Chukchi Plateau (CP), which had been deployed over the northern CP in 2013 (nCP13) and the southern CP in 2014 (sCP14), respectively. Yearlong temperature and water velocity data show spatial and temporal variations of the Pacific summer water (PSW) over the CP. During the autumn 2014, especially, the period that PSW was weakened in nCP13 coincides with the period that PSW appeared in sCP14. Northeasterly winds and sea ice covering appear to play an important role in initiating substantial heat release/storage within the PSW layer from October and mid-winter of 2014. This study will focus on understanding how winds and sea ice have an influence on the distribution of PSW over the CP through the intensive analysis of the mooring data.

  18. Re-Form: FPGA-Powered True Codesign Flow for High-Performance Computing In The Post-Moore Era

    SciTech Connect

    Cappello, Franck; Yoshii, Kazutomo; Finkel, Hal; Cong, Jason

    2016-11-14

    Multicore scaling will end soon because of practical power limits. Dark silicon is becoming a major issue even more than the end of Moore’s law. In the post-Moore era, the energy efficiency of computing will be a major concern. FPGAs could be a key to maximizing the energy efficiency. In this paper we address severe challenges in the adoption of FPGA in HPC and describe “Re-form,” an FPGA-powered codesign flow.

  19. Comparison of Sea-Air CO2 Flux Estimates Using Satellite-Based Versus Mooring Wind Speed Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sutton, A. J.; Sabine, C. L.; Feely, R. A.; Wanninkhof, R. H.

    2016-12-01

    The global ocean is a major sink of anthropogenic CO2, absorbing approximately 27% of CO2 emissions since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Any variation or change in the ocean CO2 sink has implications for future climate. Observations of sea-air CO2 flux have relied primarily on ship-based underway measurements of partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) combined with satellite, model, or multi-platform wind products. Direct measurements of ΔpCO2 (seawater - air pCO2) and wind speed from moored platforms now allow for high-resolution CO2 flux time series. Here we present a comparison of CO2 flux calculated from moored ∆pCO2 measured on four moorings in different biomes of the Pacific Ocean in combination with: 1) Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) winds or 2) wind speed measurements made on ocean reference moorings excluded from the CCMP dataset. Preliminary results show using CCMP winds overestimates CO2 flux on average by 5% at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory, Ocean Station Papa, WHOI Hawaii Ocean Timeseries Station, and Stratus. In general, CO2 flux seasonality follows patterns of seawater pCO2 and SST with periods of CO2 outgassing during summer and CO2 uptake during winter at these locations. Any offsets or seasonal biases in CCMP winds could impact global ocean sink estimates using this data product. Here we present patterns and trends between the two CO2 flux estimates and discuss the potential implications for tracking variability and change in global ocean CO2 uptake.

  20. Does Depth Matter Examining Factors that Could Influence the Acoustic Identification of Odontocete Species on Bottom Moored Recorders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    vertical array composed of four second-generation Ecological Acoustic Recorders (EAR2s) spaced 90 m apart (Fig. 1). The array will also include a RJE...test both arrays. On August 3rd , the 300 m bottom-moored array was deployed approximately 3 nautical miles south of Lanai in waters 355 m deep. A...100 pinger on the array is variable. Figure 2 – GPS locations of survey vessel between August 3rd -12th recorded every 30 minutes 7

  1. Structural Analysis of the South Mooring Dolphin U.S. Navy Communications Station, H. E. Holt, Exmouth (Australia),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-01

    for government use by Control Data Corporation was the primary analytical tool used. The structure’s original design, although not consistent with the...MILCON removal and replacement of the dolphin. .1 I I STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE SOUTH MOORING DOLPHIN U. S. NAVY COMMNICATIONS STATION . ,." H. E...main-frame computer program SACS III owned by EDI Inc. and made available by contract for government use by Control Data Corporation -was the primary

  2. National Dam Safety Program. Moore Dam, (Inventory Number VA 14323), Roanoke River Basin, Pittsylvania County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    8217 . SECTION 6 DAM STABILITY 6.1 Foundation and Abutments: The Moore Dam is located in an area underlain by sedimentary rocks of Triassic Age...within the "* Piedmont physiographic province. These Triassic sedimentary rocks include shales, sandstones, and conglomerates of continental origin. No...Plan. Also, the inspection revealed the following maintenance items that should be scheduled by the owner during a regular maintenance period within

  3. Observation of oceanic heat flux to the sea ice using ice-tethered moorings: Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ha, Ho Kyung; Yae Son, Eun; Park, Jae Hun; Cole, Sylvia; Park, Keyhong; Sul La, Hyoung

    2016-04-01

    It is important to figure out the physical mechanisms (e.g. shear, turbulence) below the sea ice, because of its direct influence on oceanic heat flux that is closely related to sea ice melt. A short-term (3.5 days) mooring was conducted in August 2014 to measure the vertical profiles of velocity, salinity and temperature within the sea-ice boundary layer. The mooring package consisted of an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and 3 MicroCats. A long-term mooring of an ice-tethered profiler with modular acoustic velocity sensor (MAVS) was conducted to acquire vertical profiles of salinity, temperature, pressure and velocity in the marginal ice zone. The mooring data was analyzed to examine the role of the Pacific Summer Water (PSW) as a heat source, which can provide oceanic heat to the overlying layer. The ADCP data showed distinctive upper-velocity fields induced by entrainment of the sea ice. It appeared up to about 15 m depth during the entire observation period. Periodical components of MAVS data were extracted through wavelet transform. Since sea ice extent is relatively low in summer, the wind forcing could be effectively delivered in the form of a near 12 hours period oscillation to the 60 m depth where the PSW was occupying. Even in winter, while the sea surface was fully covered with the sea ice, near 12 hours period oscillation was appeared at 60 m depth. In September and January, strong 12 hours period oscillation appeared up to a deeper layer, which is deeper than 150 m depth where the wind forcing is hard to reach. The relationship between the heat flux and the oscillation strength will be discussed during the presentation.

  4. Lateral vibration behavior analysis and TLD vibration absorption design of the soft yoke single-point mooring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lyu, Bai-cheng; Wu, Wen-hua; Yao, Wei-an; Du, Yu

    2017-06-01

    Mooring system is the key equipment of FPSO safe operation. The soft yoke mooring system is regarded as one of the best shallow water mooring strategies and widely applied to the oil exploitation in the Bohai Bay in China and the Gulf of Mexico. Based on the analysis of numerous monitoring data obtained by the prototype monitoring system of one FPSO in the Bohai Bay, the on-site lateral vibration behaviors found on the site of the soft yoke subject to wave load were analyzed. ADAMS simulation and model experiment were utilized to analyze the soft yoke lateral vibration and it was determined that lateral vibration was resonance behaviors caused by wave excitation. On the basis of the soft yoke longitudinal restoring force being guaranteed, a TLD-based vibration damper system was constructed and the vibration reduction experiments with multi-tank space and multi-load conditions were developed. The experimental results demonstrated that the proposed TLD vibration reduction system can effectively reduce lateral vibration of soft yoke structures.

  5. Tropical Moored Buoy Arrays To Advance Climate Science: A 30-Year Progress Report (Fridtjof Nansen Medal Lecture)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McPhaden, Michael J.

    2010-05-01

    Coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions in the tropics lead to significant climate fluctuations such as El Niño and the Southern Oscillation in the Pacific, the Indian Ocean Dipole, and the Atlantic meridional gradient mode. These and other prominent climate phenomena originating in the tropics on seasonal to decadal time scales affect regional and global patterns of weather variability. Associated floods, droughts, heat waves and other extreme weather events have significant socio-economic consequences that affect millions of people worldwide. This presentation describes a coordinated multi-national effort to develop tropical moored buoy arrays in support of climate research and forecasting. Basin specific components include the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean/Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TAO/TRITON) in the Pacific, the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA), and the Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) in the Indian Ocean. These arrays, the origins of which date back to the early 1980s, complement other satellite and in situ elements of the Global Ocean Observing System by providing high temporal resolution time series of key environmental parameters in real time. This presentation will feature a discussion of historical perspectives, recent scientific advances, and future directions in the development of the arrays.

  6. Temperature at a mooring in Northern South China Sea and its connection with surface heat flux, wind and eddies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Y.; Oey, L. Y.; Huang, S. M.; Yang, Y.; Liu, K. K.

    2014-12-01

    Twenty-two month temperature profile (from surface to z = -500m) at a mooring located west-southwest about 450 km from the Luzon Strait in northern South China Sea (NSCS) is analyzed in conjunction with altimetry, CCMP wind, and mixed-layer model forced by the NCEP surface heat flux. EOF [Kutzbach 1967 J. App. Met], SVD [Bretherton et al 1992, J. Clim] and EMD [Huang et al 1998, Proc. Roy Soc] methods are used to separate and identify different physical processes and mechanisms. The dominant fluctuation at the mooring is shown to be seasonal, caused (1) by seasonal surface fluxes and local Ekman pumping (on the f-plane) by the wind stress curl, (2) by eddies emanated west of the Luzon Strait spun up by wind stress curl west of Luzon, and (3) by Rossby waves due to Kuroshio path fluctuations in the Strait. Meso-scale eddies are embedded in the seasonal variation and they are shown to be locally generated by baroclinic instability and penetrate through the entire depth of the mooring.

  7. A quantitative experimental paradigm to optimize construction of rank order lists in the National Resident Matching Program: the ROSS-MOORE approach.

    PubMed

    Ross, David A; Moore, Edward Z

    2013-09-01

    As part of the National Resident Matching Program, programs must submit a rank order list of desired applicants. Despite the importance of this process and the numerous manifest limitations with traditional approaches, minimal research has been conducted to examine the accuracy of different ranking strategies. The authors developed the Moore Optimized Ordinal Rank Estimator (MOORE), a novel algorithm for ranking applicants that is based on college sports ranking systems. Because it is not possible to study the Match in vivo, the authors then designed the Recruitment Outcomes Simulation System (ROSS). This program was used to simulate a series of interview seasons and to compare MOORE and traditional approaches under different conditions. The accuracy of traditional ranking and the MOORE approach are equally and adversely affected with higher levels of intrarater variability. However, compared with traditional ranking methods, MOORE produces a more accurate rank order list as interrater variability increases. The present data demonstrate three key findings. First, they provide proof of concept that it is possible to scientifically test the accuracy of different rank methods used in the Match. Second, they show that small amounts of variability can have a significant adverse impact on the accuracy of rank order lists. Finally, they demonstrate that an ordinal approach may lead to a more accurate rank order list in the presence of interviewer bias. The ROSS-MOORE approach offers programs a novel way to optimize the recruitment process and, potentially, to construct a more accurate rank order list.

  8. Investigation of a FAST-OrcaFlex Coupling Module for Integrating Turbine and Mooring Dynamics of Offshore Floating Wind Turbines: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Masciola, M.; Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Driscoll, F.

    2011-10-01

    To enable offshore floating wind turbine design, the following are required: accurate modeling of the wind turbine structural dynamics, aerodynamics, platform hydrodynamics, a mooring system, and control algorithms. Mooring and anchor design can appreciably affect the dynamic response of offshore wind platforms that are subject to environmental loads. From an engineering perspective, system behavior and line loads must be studied well to ensure the overall design is fit for the intended purpose. FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures and Turbulence) is a comprehensive simulation tool used for modeling land-based and offshore wind turbines. In the case of a floating turbine, continuous cable theory is used to emulate mooring line dynamics. Higher modeling fidelity can be gained through the use of finite element mooring theory. This can be achieved through the FASTlink coupling module, which couples FAST with OrcaFlex, a commercial simulation tool used for modeling mooring line dynamics. In this application, FAST is responsible for capturing the aerodynamic loads and flexure of the wind turbine and its tower, and OrcaFlex models the mooring line and hydrodynamic effects below the water surface. This paper investigates the accuracy and stability of the FAST/OrcaFlex coupling operation.

  9. Mooring Measurements of the Abyssal Circulations in the Western Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, J.; Wang, F.

    2016-12-01

    A scientific observing network in the western tropical Pacific has initially been established by the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS). Using fifteen moorings that gives unprecedented measurements in the intermediate and abyssal layers, we present multi-timescale variations of the deep ocean circulations prior to and during 2015 El Niño event. The deep ocean velocities increase equatorward with high standard deviation and nearly zero mean. The deep ocean currents mainly flow in meridional direction in the central Philippine Basin, and are dominated by a series of alternating westward and eastward zonal jets in the Caroline Basin. The currents in the deep channel connecting the East and West Mariana Basins mainly flow southeastward. Seasonal variation is only present in the deep jets in the Caroline Basin, associating with vertical propagating annual Rossby wave. The high-frequency flow bands are dominated by diurnal, and semi-diurnal tidal currents, and near-inertial currents. The rough topography has a strong influence on the abyssal circulations, including the intensifications in velocity and internal tidal energy, and the formation of upwelling flow.

  10. Mooring observations of the thermal structure, salinity, and currents in the SE Bering Sea basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cokelet, E. D.; Stabeno, P. J.

    1997-10-01

    Utilizing recently developed deep-sea mooring technology, we present the first interannual time series measurements of the ocean temperature, salinity, and velocity fields in the Bering Sea basin. These were made during spring and summer of 1992 and 1993 and late winter to summer of 1994, in 2195 m of water. Results show a weak background flow of ˜5 cm/s with semidiurnal tides superimposed. Anticyclonic (clockwise) eddies pass by sporadically, inducing currents up to ˜80 cm/s and depressing the isopycnals and isotherms up to ˜200 m. The thermal structure in the upper 400 m shows a deep temperature maximum from warm Alaskan Stream inflows and a minimum above due to winter cooling. A sea surface cooling event was observed in the late winter of 1994, with cold water penetrating to ˜120-m depth. Spring warming begins in late April to early May of each year, marked by the arrival of the 3.75°C isotherm. The local wind plays little role in forcing ocean currents at the site except at the inertial frequency.

  11. A Long-term Temperature and Depth Logger for Ocean Mooring System

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Xiaoyang; Tian, Chuan; Guo, Zhongwen; Deng, Zhiqun; Zhao, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Temperature, depth and conductivity (CTD) are the most essential physical properties of sea water. CTD instrument is one of the most efficient approaches for collecting the accurate ocean information. However, traditional CTD instruments are not best suited for applications that require high resolution data by a large number of sensors because of their large size and high cost. This paper describes the design of a compact, high-accuracy, and low-cost temperature and depth (TD) logger for ocean mooring system. The noise floor of the TD logger was evaluated in lab for determining the logger measurement resolution. A specific calibration method was implemented for pressure transducer calibration to eliminate the thermal affect. The initial temperature accuracy of the TD logger is ±0.002°C and the pressure accuracy is ±0.05% of full scale. The effective resolution is 0.0001°C and 0.001% full scale for temperature and pressure measurement, respectively. A 150 days off-shore experiment was also conducted to evaluate the stability of TD logger measurement.

  12. Computational studies on a carbenoid mechanism for the Doering-Moore-Skattebøl reaction.

    PubMed

    Voukides, Alicia C; Cahill, Katharine J; Johnson, Richard P

    2013-12-06

    The reaction of geminal dihalocyclopropanes with metals or alkyllithiums affords carbenoids which undergo low-temperature ring opening to allenes; this is known as the Doering-Moore-Skattebøl reaction. DFT and CCSD(T)//DFT computations have been used to model the structure, coordination state, and ring opening of 1-bromo-1-lithiocyclopropane as a model for cyclopropylcarbenoid chemistry. Both implicit (PCM) and explicit solvation models have been applied. Carbenoid ring opening is similar to the process predicted in earlier studies on cyclopropylidene. The initial disrotatory stereochemistry becomes conrotatory en route to the allene-LiBr complex. Predissociation of the carbenoid to cyclopropylidene + LiBr is not supported by computations. DFT computations predict modestly exergonic dimerization of the carbenoid, with or without solvation, and the dimer appears to be the most likely reactive species in solution. Predicted barriers to ring opening are only modestly affected by solvation or by dimer formation, remaining in the range of 9-12 kcal/mol throughout.

  13. Functions of the cellular prion protein, the end of Moore's law, and Ockham's razor theory

    PubMed Central

    del Río, José A.; Gavín, Rosalina

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Since its discovery the cellular prion protein (encoded by the Prnp gene) has been associated with a large number of functions. The proposed functions rank from basic cellular processes such as cell cycle and survival to neural functions such as behavior and neuroprotection, following a pattern similar to that of Moore's law for electronics. In addition, particular interest is increasing in the participation of Prnp in neurodegeneration. However, in recent years a redefinition of these functions has begun, since examples of previously attributed functions were increasingly re-associated with other proteins. Most of these functions are linked to so-called “Prnp-flanking genes” that are close to the genomic locus of Prnp and which are present in the genome of some Prnp mouse models. In addition, their role in neuroprotection against convulsive insults has been confirmed in recent studies. Lastly, in recent years a large number of models indicating the participation of different domains of the protein in apoptosis have been uncovered. However, after more than 10 years of molecular dissection our view is that the simplest mechanistic model in PrPC-mediated cell death should be considered, as Ockham's razor theory suggested. PMID:26890218

  14. Investigation of mooring system design under different environmental conditions in the buoy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Xiaoxue

    2017-05-01

    In this paper, the mooring system under different environmental conditions in the buoy, steel pipe, steel drums, chain four separate part and the overall stress analysis, the chain were established whether mopping the floor elastic catenary model and mass spring model. In order to solve the problem, analysis found that the buoy, steel pipe, steel drums, chain by the pull is only related to the draft ch, so we use iterative method, initial ch value, calculated by the top of the chain gradually pull Fs, and to judge whether there is lots of drag chain. If we use the elastic part of the chain mopping the floor, the catenary model is improved, and we use the lumped mass spring model. Set the constraint conditions for the water depth of 18 meters; ch does not exceed the height of the buoy; continue to reset the ch value until the same time to meet the above two constraints. When the wind speed is 12m/s, the draft depth is 0.7105m.

  15. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 90-370-2107, Moore Business Forms, Angola, Indiana

    SciTech Connect

    Decker, J.; Driscoll, R.

    1991-04-01

    In response to a request from Moore Business Forms (SIC-2752), Angola, Indiana, an evaluation was undertaken of reports of nausea, headaches, throat irritation, eye irritation, and aching joints in the Preliminary department. The company manufactured various forms for many customers. About 40 employees work in the department; activities include design and preparation of photolithographic plates, and plate preparation. Carbon-dioxide (124389) levels were between 450 and 825 parts per million (ppm). Relative humidities ranged from 36 to 50%, and temperatures ranged from 69 to 76 degrees-F. Methylene-chloride (75092) levels ranged from 1.81 to 9.69ppm. NIOSH recommends that levels of the contaminent be reduced as low as possible. The source of the contamination was the extensive use of a type cleaner solvent in a press area. The most prevalent symptoms reported were headache, metallic taste in the mouth, fatigue, nausea and joint pain. The authors conclude that a number of conditions in the Preliminary department may contribute to reported employee symptoms. A potential health hazard existed from exposure to methylene-chloride; an alternative solvent should be substituted. The authors recommend several measures to improve air quality at the site. These include increasing the make up air and humidification, relocating the exhausts and intakes on the roof, maintenance or replacement of an air conditioning unit, and modifications to some of the exhaust hoods.

  16. [MEG inverse solution using Gauss-Newton algorithm modified by Moore-Penrose inversion].

    PubMed

    Li, J

    2001-06-01

    In magnetoencephalogram(MEG) basic studies, it is an important issue to estimate magnetic source parameters by inverse solution. It is known that the magnetic field equations are nonlinear, thus explicit solutions are difficult to obtain. However optimization methods are available to this parameter estimation. In many usually used nonlinear local optimization algorithms, Gauss-Newton's is of fast convergent speed. When this algorithm is used, the singularity of the Jacobien matrix about the minimum least square error must be considered carefully. If the matrix is singular, the equation for searching direction has no general solution. One way to overcome this problem is to use negative gradient as searching direction, but it may cause descent of convergent speed. Another way is known as Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm which makes the matrix non-singular by adding some improved factors to it. In this paper we utilize Moore-Penrose inversion for the solution of iterative searching direction equation. In appendix we demonstrate that the searching direction obtained by the proposed method is successful. Computer simulation also demonstrates that by reasonable selection of initial iterative values, the modified Gauss-Newton algorithm is effective for MEG inverse solution in the case with one or two source dipoles.

  17. Net community production and calcification from 7 years of NOAA Station Papa Mooring measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fassbender, Andrea J.; Sabine, Christopher L.; Cronin, Meghan F.

    2016-02-01

    Seven years of near-continuous observations from the Ocean Station Papa (OSP) surface mooring were used to evaluate drivers of marine carbon cycling in the eastern subarctic Pacific. Processes contributing to mixed layer carbon inventory changes throughout each deployment year were quantitatively assessed using a time-dependent mass balance approach in which total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon were used as tracers. By using two mixed layer carbon tracers, it was possible to isolate the influences of net community production (NCP) and calcification. Our results indicate that the annual NCP at OSP is 2 ± 1 mol C m-2 yr-1 and the annual calcification is 0.3 ± 0.3 mol C m-2 yr-1. Piecing together evidence for potentially significant dissolved organic carbon cycling in this region, we estimate a particulate inorganic carbon to particulate organic carbon ratio between 0.15 and 0.25. This is at least double the global average, adding to the growing evidence that calcifying organisms play an important role in carbon export at this location. These results, coupled with significant seasonality in the NCP, suggest that carbon cycling near OSP may be more complex than previously thought and highlight the importance of continuous observations for robust assessments of biogeochemical cycling.

  18. Detection of Explosives in a Dynamic Marine Environment Using a Moored TNT Immunosensor

    PubMed Central

    Charles, Paul T.; Adams, André A.; Deschamps, Jeffrey R.; Veitch, Scott; Hanson, Al; Kusterbeck, Anne W.

    2014-01-01

    A field demonstration and longevity assessment for long-term monitoring of the explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in a marine environment using an anti-TNT microfluidic immunosensor is described. The TNT immunosensor is comprised of a microfluidic device with 39 parallel microchannels (2.5 cm × 250 μm × 500 μm, L × W × D) fabricated in poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA), then chemically functionalized with antibodies possessing a high affinity for TNT. Synthesized fluorescence reporter complexes used in a displacement-based assay format were used for TNT identification. For field deployment the TNT immunosensor was configured onto a submersible moored steel frame along with frame controller, pumps and TNT plume generator and deployed pier side for intermittent plume sampling of TNT (1h increments). Under varying current and tidal conditions trace levels of TNT in natural seawater were detected over an extended period (>18 h). Overnight operation and data recording was monitored via a web interface. PMID:24583970

  19. Solid state quantum computers: a nanoscopic solution to the Moore's law problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ng, Joseph; Abbott, Derek

    2001-03-01

    The computer industry has followed Moore's Law closely and faithfully over the past few decades. However, transistors cannot continue to shrink at their current rate forever, and new methods of computation must be explored. Quantum computation is one such method that has received much attention over the past few years and will heavily rely on technological advances in the smart electronics and nanotechnology arena. In this review, we will present some of the problems facing classical computers and why quantum computers may be a viable alternative. We will briefly describe some of the "killer" quantum applications, such as Deutsch's, Shor's and Grover's algorithms that demonstrate the computational powers of quantum computation. Kane's solid state quantum computer in silicon promises to demonstrate some of these applications. However there remain many significant technological difficulties which will need to be overcome if we are to see a useful quantum computer. The main technological challenges, for Kane's solid-state computer, of interest to the smart materials and structures community, will be highlighted.

  20. Spatial and temporal variation in efficiency of the Moore egg collector

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Worthington, Thomas A.; Brewer, Shannon K.; Farless, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    The Moore egg collector (MEC) was developed for quantitative and nondestructive capture of semibuoyant fish eggs. Previous studies have indicated that capture efficiency of the MEC was low and the use of one device did not adequately represent the spatial distribution within the water column of egg surrogates (gellan beads) of pelagic broadcast-spawning cyprinids. The objective of this study was to assess whether use of multiple MECs showed differences in spatial and temporal distribution of bead catches. Capture efficiency of three MECs was tested at four 500-m sites on the South Canadian River, a Great Plains river in Oklahoma. For each trial, approximately 100,000 beads were released and mean capture efficiency was 0.47–2.16%. Kolmogorov–Smirnov tests indicated the spatial distributions of bead catches were different among multiple MECs at three of four sites. Temporal variability in timing of peak catches of gellan beads was also evident between MECs. We concluded that the use of multiple MECs is necessary to properly sample eggs of pelagic broadcast-spawning cyprinids.

  1. Functions of the cellular prion protein, the end of Moore's law, and Ockham's razor theory.

    PubMed

    del Río, José A; Gavín, Rosalina

    2016-01-01

    Since its discovery the cellular prion protein (encoded by the Prnp gene) has been associated with a large number of functions. The proposed functions rank from basic cellular processes such as cell cycle and survival to neural functions such as behavior and neuroprotection, following a pattern similar to that of Moore's law for electronics. In addition, particular interest is increasing in the participation of Prnp in neurodegeneration. However, in recent years a redefinition of these functions has begun, since examples of previously attributed functions were increasingly re-associated with other proteins. Most of these functions are linked to so-called "Prnp-flanking genes" that are close to the genomic locus of Prnp and which are present in the genome of some Prnp mouse models. In addition, their role in neuroprotection against convulsive insults has been confirmed in recent studies. Lastly, in recent years a large number of models indicating the participation of different domains of the protein in apoptosis have been uncovered. However, after more than 10 years of molecular dissection our view is that the simplest mechanistic model in PrP(C)-mediated cell death should be considered, as Ockham's razor theory suggested.

  2. Autonomous Acoustic Receiver Deployment and Mooring Techniques for Use in Large Rivers and Estuaries

    SciTech Connect

    Titzler, P. Scott; McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Carter, Jessica A.

    2010-08-01

    Autonomous acoustic receivers are often deployed across a range of aquatic habitats to study aquatic species. The Juvenile Salmon Telemetry System autonomous acoustic receiver packages we deployed in the Columbia River and its estuary were comprised of an acoustic receiver, acoustic release, and mooring line sections and were deployed directly on the river bottom. Detection ranges and reception data from past optimization deployments helped determine acoustic receiver spacing in order to achieve acceptable detection probabilities for juvenile salmon survival estimation. Methods used in 2005, which resulted in a high equipment loss rate, were modified and used between 2006 and 2008 to increase crew safety and optimize receiver deployment and recovery operations in a large river system. By eliminating surface buoys and taglines (for anchor recovery), we experienced a recovery success rate greater than previous acoustic receiver deployment techniques used in the Columbia River and elsewhere. This autonomous acoustic receiver system has optimized deployment, recovery, and servicing efficiency to successfully detect acoustic-tagged salmonids in a variety of river environments.

  3. Numerical characterization of non-Abelian Moore-Read state in the microscopic lattice boson model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Wei; Gong, Shoushu; Haldane, F. D. M.; Sheng, D. N.

    2015-03-01

    Identifying the interacting systems that host the non-Abelian (NA) topological phases have attracted intense attention in physics. Theoretically, it is possible to realize the NA Moore-Read (MR) state in bosonic system or double-layer system by coupling two Abelian fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states together. Here, based on the density matrix renormalization group and exact diagonalization calculations, we study two such examples in the microscopic lattice models and investigate their NA nature. In the first example, we provide a thorough characterization of the universal properties of MR state on Haldane honeycomb lattice model, including both the edge spectrum and the bulk anyonic quasiparticle statistics. By inspecting the entanglement spectral response to the U (1) flux, it is found that two of Abelian ground states can be adiabatically connected through a charge unit quasiparticle pumping from one edge to the other. In the second example, we study a double-layer bosonic FQH system built from the π-flux lattice model. Some evidences of NA nature has been identified, including the groundstate degeneracy and finite drag Hall conductance. The numerical methods we developed here provides a useful and practical way for detecting the full information of NA topological order. This research is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Grant No. DE-FG02-06ER46305.

  4. Moore I postero-medial articular tibial fracture in alpine skiers: Surgical management and return to sports activity.

    PubMed

    Morin, Vincent; Pailhé, Régis; Sharma, Akash; Rouchy, René-Christopher; Cognault, Jérémy; Rubens-Duval, Brice; Saragaglia, Dominique

    2016-06-01

    Over the past 10 years, like many authors, we observed an increasing number of Moore I tibial plateau fractures related to alpine skiing for which the surgeon may face difficult choices regarding surgical approach and fixation means. Some authors have recently been suggesting a posterior approach associated to open reduction and osteosynthesis by a buttress plate. But in our knowledge there is no specific study on sports activity recovery after Moore I tibial fractures. The aim of this work was to assess sports activities and clinical outcomes after surgically treated Moore I tibial plateau fractures in an athletic population of skiers. We conducted a prospective case series between 2012 and 2014. This included fifteen patients aged 39.6±7 years whom presented with a Moore I tibial plateau fracture during a skiing accident. 12 cases (80%) presented with an associated tibial spine fracture. Treatment consisted of a standard antero-medial approach, with a medial para patellar arthrotomy to allow direct visualisation of articular reduction and spinal fixation. Two or three 6.5mm long cancellous bone screws were placed antero-posteriorly so as to ensure perfect compression of the fracture site. Radiological and functional results were assessed by an independent observer (Lysholm-Tegner, UCLA, KOOS scores) at the longest follow-up. Mean follow-up was 18.2±6 months (12-28). An immediate postoperative anatomical reduction was achieved in all cases and remained stable in time. At last follow-up Lysholm mean score was 85±14 points (59-100), UCLA score was 7.3±1.6 (4-10) and Tegner score was 4.6±1.3 (3-6). Mean KOOS score was 77±15 (54-97). 87% of patients had resumed their skiing activity and 93% were satisfied or very satisfied from their post-operative surgical outcome. We observed no pseudarthrosis or secondary varus displacement. In our series 87% of patients had resumed back to their sporting activities. Surgical management of Moore I tibial plateau fractures by

  5. Conflict of spatial development and water supply under climate change in case of water dependent ecosystem of Ljubljana Moor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bračič Železnik, Branka; Souvent, Petra; Čenčur Curk, Barbara

    2013-04-01

    Water resources are vulnerable to climate change and to many other socio-economic drivers of change. A key aspect of vulnerability is that it is spatially variable, reflecting variations of physical and socio-economic conditions. Given the real representation of vulnerability and a set of climate change adaptation options there is need to develop a common transnational strategy for vulnerability reduction. The latter is the goal of SEE CC-WARE project. Among others, ecosystem services, land use change, improving water use efficiency and economic incentives for water management have large potentials to decrease water resources vulnerability. Especially, forests, wetlands and grasslands are important ecosystems, which together with their management emerged as an important means for a sustainable future drinking water supply. The Ljubljana Moor is one of the biggest and most important complexes of wet meadows in Slovenia, which have, due to land use high biodiversity. The Ljubljana Moor extends from the southern part of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, where in the last two centuries extensive irrigation and river regulation projects were implemented to develop agricultural land. Biodiversity of the area is high due to large zones of wet meadows, some flood forest patches, bog areas, and open water courses habitats. The Ljubljana Moor is therefore protected as Natura 2000 site. The Ljubljana Moor is changing very fast and impacts are especially intense in the present years, mostly due to spreading of urbanization and monocultures. In this area the water well field Brest has been designed as important future drinking water source for Ljubljana, pumping mainly water from confined aquifer. The pressure from urbanisation and agriculture and high subsidence that are noticed in the central and eastern part of the aquifer, those two phenomena pose high risk to stable drinking water supply and wetland habitats that are protected as NATURA 2000. Water protection areas with

  6. Adaptive divergence of the moor frog (Rana arvalis) along an acidification gradient

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Environmental stress can result in strong ecological and evolutionary effects on natural populations, but to what extent it drives adaptive divergence of natural populations is little explored. We used common garden experiments to study adaptive divergence in embryonic and larval fitness traits (embryonic survival, larval growth, and age and size at metamorphosis) in eight moor frog, Rana arvalis, populations inhabiting an acidification gradient (breeding pond pH 4.0 to 7.5) in southwestern Sweden. Embryos were raised until hatching at three (pH 4.0, 4.3 and 7.5) and larvae until metamorphosis at two (pH 4.3 and 7.5) pH treatments. To get insight into the putative selective agents along this environmental gradient, we measured relevant abiotic and biotic environmental variables from each breeding pond, and used linear models to test for phenotype-environment correlations. Results We found that acid origin populations had higher embryonic and larval acid tolerance (survival and larval period were less negatively affected by low pH), higher larval growth but slower larval development rates, and metamorphosed at a larger size. The phenotype-environment correlations revealed that divergence in embryonic acid tolerance and metamorphic size correlated most strongly with breeding pond pH, whereas divergence in larval period and larval growth correlated most strongly with latitude and predator density, respectively. Conclusion Our results suggest that R. arvalis has diverged in response to pH mediated selection along this acidification gradient. However, as latitude and pH were closely spatially correlated in this study, further studies are needed to disentangle the specific agents of natural selection along acidification gradients. Our study highlights the need to consider the multiple interacting selective forces that drive adaptive divergence of natural populations along environmental stress gradients. PMID:22182445

  7. Natural organic matter and iron export from the Tanner Moor, Austria

    PubMed Central

    Jirsa, Franz; Neubauer, Elisabeth; Kittinger, Richard; Hofmann, Thilo; Krachler, Regina; von der Kammer, Frank; Keppler, Bernhard K.

    2013-01-01

    Samples from a pristine raised peat bog runoff in Austria, the Tannermoor creek, were analysed for their iron linked to natural organic matter (NOM) content. Dissolved organic carbon < 0.45 μm (DOC) was 41–64 mg L−1, iron 4.4–5.5 mg L−1. Samples were analysed applying asymmetric field flow fractionation (AsFlFFF) coupled to UV–vis absorption, fluorescence and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The samples showed an iron peak associated with the NOM peak, one sample exhibiting a second peak of iron independent from the NOM peak. As highland peat bogs with similar climatic conditions and vegetation to the Tanner Moor are found throughout the world, including areas adjacent to the sea, we examined the behaviour of NOM and iron in samples brought to euhaline (35‰) conditions with artificial sea salt. The enhanced ionic strength reduced NOM by 53% and iron by 82%. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) of the samples at sea-like salinity revealed two major fractions of NOM associated with different iron concentrations. The larger one, eluting sharply after the upper exclusion limits of 4000–5000 g mol−1, seems to be most important for iron chelating. The results outline the global importance of sub-mountainous and mountainous raised peat bogs as a source of iron chelators to the marine environment at sites where such peat bogs release their run-offs into the sea. PMID:23805012

  8. Validation of Ocean Color Remote Sensing Data using a Moored Databuoy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lavender, Samantha; Pinkerton, Matthew

    2000-01-01

    NASA's Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS) aims to measure global ocean color from space to within 5% to provide insights into fundamental ocean processes. SeaWiFS must be backed by comprehensive calibration and validation programs if the mission is to achieve this. In situ measurements of normalized water-leaving radiance (L(sub wn)) made simultaneously with satellite measurements can complement on-orbit methods of tracking changes in the calibration of the satellite radiometer and allow end-to-end vicarious validation of the remotely-sensed data. A moored optical databuoy was developed at Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK to measure L(sub wn) in the western English Channel. Tests indicate that the buoy is capable of measuring spectral incident irradiance with less than 10% error and water-leaving radiance with less than 20% error; these errors are reduced by averaging and show no bias. There were 24 match-ups with good quality SeaWiFS data at the buoy site during the ten months of deployment within the period May 1997 and September 1998. The differences between the buoy and SeaWiFS measurements of L(sub wn) were found to be variable and often large. The root-mean-square (RMS) differences varied from 102% at 412 nm to 50% at 555 nm. The RMS differences in measurements of L(sub wn) could be reduced to less than 18% by a combination of increasing the calibration coefficients of SeaWiFS by between 0.2 and 4.3% in the visible bands and by tuning the extrapolation of aerosol radiances from the near infrared to the visible wavelengths. These results imply that the monitoring of the absolute calibration of the SeaWiFS bands is imperfect and errors remain in the extrapolation of aerosol radiances for atmospheric correction.

  9. Moored observation of abyssal flow and temperature near a hydrothermal vent on the Southwest Indian Ridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liao, Guanghong; Zhou, Beifeng; Liang, Chujin; Zhou, Huaiyang; Ding, Tao; Wang, Yuan; Dong, Changming

    2016-01-01

    Four moorings were deployed near "Dragon Flag," an active hydrothermal vent in the valley of the Southwest Indian Ridge. The goal was to examine the variability of currents and temperature, which will guide the trajectory of spreading plumes. The mean current was cross-isobath, and the circulation was characterized by a submesoscale circulation. Observed currents also showed fluctuations with periods of 1-15 days. The inferred phase speed and wavelength for the wave with a period of 4.4 day are 10.4 km d-1 and 45.8km, respectively, which are consistent with the topographic Rossby wave theory. The persistent warming tendency with corresponding variation of salinity based on background θ-S properties may be caused by background circulation and divergence of the water column. The warming or cooling episodes were most likely as signatures of isopycnal surface depression or uplifting induced by the moving of mesoscale eddies. Well-resolved rotary spectra exhibited important nonlinear interactions between inertial and semidiurnal tide in the velocity and temperature records. Amplification of near-inertial currents in the near bottom is also exposed. These discoveries provided new evidence for the nonlinear interaction and trapped near-inertial waves by the ridge, which occurred in the deep ocean of the Southern Hemisphere. Such nonlinear interaction may represent a significant energy loss pathway for the internal waves, and part of the decay of such motion would likely result in increased mixing to maintain the abyssal stratification. Enhanced near-inertial motions can play a major role for the local advection of hydrothermal plumes.

  10. Female choice for males with greater fertilization success in the Swedish Moor frog, Rana arvalis.

    PubMed

    Sherman, Craig D H; Sagvik, Jörgen; Olsson, Mats

    2010-10-26

    Studies of mate choice in anuran amphibians have shown female preference for a wide range of male traits despite females gaining no direct resources from males (i.e. non-resource based mating system). Nevertheless, theoretical and empirical studies have shown that females may still gain indirect genetic benefits from choosing males of higher genetic quality and thereby increase their reproductive success. We investigated two components of sexual selection in the Moor frog (Rana arvalis), pre-copulatory female choice between two males of different size ('large' vs. 'small'), and their fertilization success in sperm competition and in isolation. Females' showed no significant preference for male size (13 small and six large male preferences) but associated preferentially with the male that subsequently was the most successful at fertilizing her eggs in isolation. Siring success of males in competitive fertilizations was unrelated to genetic similarity with the female and we detected no effect of sperm viability on fertilization success. There was, however, a strong positive association between a male's innate fertilization ability with a female and his siring success in sperm competition. We also detected a strong negative effect of a male's thumb length on his competitive siring success. Our results show that females show no preference for male size but are still able to choose males which have greater fertilization success. Genetic similarity and differences in the proportion of viable sperm within a males ejaculate do not appear to affect siring success. These results could be explained through pre- and/or postcopulatory choice for genetic benefits and suggest that females are able to perceive the genetic quality of males, possibly basing their choice on multiple phenotypic male traits.

  11. Sustaining a Moored Ocean Observing System in the Tropical Pacific: The Evolution of the TAO Array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grissom, K.; Kessler, W. S.; McArthur, S.

    2016-12-01

    The Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array has been a major observational component of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) research and operational climate forecasting since its conception in 1984. Developed by NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) in response to the poorly-observed 1982-1983 El Niño, the moored buoy array was completed in 1994 and transitioned from PMEL to NOAA's National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) in 2005. During this transition, the TAO Refresh project was initiated to address equipment obsolescence and the need for more real-time data. Completed in 2011, the "TAO Refresh" array has new capabilities and added value. Then in 2012, federal resource shortfalls threatened the future sustainability of this array. The resulting limited maintenance caused a decline in real-time data, yet it also served as the impetus to focus international attention on the demands of sustaining an observing system capable of monitoring the tropical ocean-atmosphere interaction. To continue collecting observations at historical levels, NOAA and partners needed an alternate strategy, and to this end conceived the international TPOS 2020 project, the Tropical Pacific Observing System for 2020. At more than 30 years, the TAO array stands as one of the longest sustained in-situ ocean observing networks in the world and provides a rare long-term record of a dominant climate signal. Here we review the evolution of the TAO array, from its development at PMEL, to its transition and modernization at NDBC, and provide a preview of its future as a key element of the Tropical Pacific Observing System.

  12. An autonomous instrument for time series analysis of TCO 2 from oceanographic moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayles, F. L.; Eck, Calvert

    2009-09-01

    The design and testing of a robotic analyzer for autonomous TCO 2 measurement from oceanographic moorings is described. The analyzer employs a conductimetric method of TCO 2 measurement wherein CO 2 from an acidified sample diffuses across a semi-permeable membrane into a NaOH solution decreasing the conductivity of the base. The instrument is capable of ˜850 analyses over a period of at least six months. It is designed to operate to depths of at least 1000 m. TCO 2 calibration is based on in situ standardization throughout a deployment. We report both laboratory and in situ tests of the analyzer. In the laboratory automated analyses over a period of 38 days at temperatures ranging from 8° to 25 °C yielded a TCO 2 accuracy and precision of ±2.7 μmol/kg. In situ tests were conducted at the WHOI dock with a deployment of 8 weeks at in situ temperatures of 5°-13 °C. The accuracy and precision of TCO 2 analyses over the deployment period, based on in situ calibration, was ±3.6 μmol/kg. Laboratory tests of reagent and standard solution stability are also reported. Standards, based on Certified Reference Material were followed for periods of up to 2 years. In all cases TCO 2 increased. Drift of the standards was the equivalent of ˜1 to 3 μmol/kg per 6 months. The conductivity indicator solution was found to be stable for at least 2 months.

  13. Female Choice for Males with Greater Fertilization Success in the Swedish Moor Frog, Rana arvalis

    PubMed Central

    Sherman, Craig D. H.; Sagvik, Jörgen; Olsson, Mats

    2010-01-01

    Background Studies of mate choice in anuran amphibians have shown female preference for a wide range of male traits despite females gaining no direct resources from males (i.e. non-resource based mating system). Nevertheless, theoretical and empirical studies have shown that females may still gain indirect genetic benefits from choosing males of higher genetic quality and thereby increase their reproductive success. Methodology/Principal Findings We investigated two components of sexual selection in the Moor frog (Rana arvalis), pre-copulatory female choice between two males of different size (‘large’ vs. ‘small’), and their fertilization success in sperm competition and in isolation. Females' showed no significant preference for male size (13 small and six large male preferences) but associated preferentially with the male that subsequently was the most successful at fertilizing her eggs in isolation. Siring success of males in competitive fertilizations was unrelated to genetic similarity with the female and we detected no effect of sperm viability on fertilization success. There was, however, a strong positive association between a male's innate fertilization ability with a female and his siring success in sperm competition. We also detected a strong negative effect of a male's thumb length on his competitive siring success. Conclusions/Significance Our results show that females show no preference for male size but are still able to choose males which have greater fertilization success. Genetic similarity and differences in the proportion of viable sperm within a males ejaculate do not appear to affect siring success. These results could be explained through pre- and/or postcopulatory choice for genetic benefits and suggest that females are able to perceive the genetic quality of males, possibly basing their choice on multiple phenotypic male traits. PMID:21049015

  14. Validation of Aquarius sea surface salinity with in situ measurements from Argo floats and moored buoys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Wenqing; Yueh, Simon H.; Fore, Alexander G.; Hayashi, Akiko

    2014-09-01

    We validate sea surface salinity (SSS) retrieved from Aquarius instrument on SAC-D satellite with in situ measurements by Argo floats and moored buoy arrays. We assess the error structure of three Aquarius SSS products: the standard product processed by Aquarius Data Processing System (ADPS) and two data sets produced at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL): the Combined Active-Passive algorithm with and without rain correction, CAP and CAP_RC, respectively. We examine the effect of various filters to prevent unreliable point retrievals from entering Level 3 averaging, such as land or ice contamination, radio frequency interference (RFI), and cold water. Our analyses show that Aquarius SSS agrees well with Argo in a monthly average sense between 40°S and 40°N except in the Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool and Amazon River outflow. Buoy data within these regions show excellent agreement with Aquarius but have discrepancies with the Argo gridded products. Possible reasons include strong near-surface stratification and sampling problems in Argo in regions with significant western boundary currents. We observe large root-mean-square (RMS) difference and systematic negative bias between ADPS and Argo in the tropical Indian Ocean and along the Southern Pacific Convergence Zone. Excluding these regions removes the suspicious seasonal peak in the monthly RMS difference between the Aquarius SSS products and Argo. Between 40°S and 40°N, the RMS difference for CAP is less than 0.22 PSU for all 28 months, CAP_RC has essentially met the monthly 0.2 PSU accuracy requirement, while that for ADPS fluctuates between 0.22 and 0.3 PSU.

  15. pCO2 time series ground truthing and internal consistency at the Gray's Reef mooring (NDBC-41008) in the South Atlantic Bight

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reimer, J.; Cai, W. J.; Noakes, S.; Hu, X.; Chen, B.; Wang, A. Z.; Jiang, L.; Salisbury, J.; Wanninkhof, R. H.; Barbero, L.; Feely, R. A.; Sutton, A.; Mathis, J. T.; Sabine, C. L.

    2016-02-01

    Periodic cruises allow us to ground truth autonomous moored time series of pCO2 via underway system measurements and discrete bottle samples for carbonate parameters (DIC, TA, pH). These time series are essential for monitoring ocean acidification (OA), yet their performance with respect to internal consistency is not yet widely documented. During cruises we focus extra effort at the Gray's Reef (GR) mooring to ground truth and perform inter-consistency checks on our instrumentation by collecting water samples for carbonate parameters as well as underway pCO2. We remain as close to the GR mooring as possible for an extended period, up to several hours. Cruises include seasonal 2005-2015 and the three major east coast efforts: GOMECC I (Aug. 2007), GOMECC II (Aug. 2012), and ECOA (July 2015). We compare mooring and underway observations, which for the three major cruises agreed within ±8 µatm, with differences likely due to spatial heterogeneity and known system uncertainty. With bottle data we also calculate pCO2 from the DIC-TA pair, for which we have the most observations, which agrees with the mooring within ±17 µatm, approximately ¼ of the mean daily variability of the GR mooring time series (2006-2014). One of the goals of autonomous moored time series is to use continuous salinity to estimate TA (using known regional linear models), then use TA and pCO2 to calculate the other parameters. An internal consistency check for the three major cruises between the various discrete measured parameters and calculated mooring parameters all result in Ωar values, the OA biological measure, within the best-practices uncertainty range of ±0.2 units. These preliminary results GOMECC's I and II and ECOA show that the mooring time series can be used to calculate DIC, TA, pH, Ωar, however ongoing work seeks to incorporate smaller scale regional cruises. Finally, this work may be a guide in other regional intercomparisons across platforms.

  16. The new European Competence Centre for Moor and Climate - A European initiative for practical peat bog and climate protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smidt, Geerd; Tänzer, Detlef

    2013-04-01

    The new European Competence Centre for Moor and Climate (EFMK) is an initiative by different local communities, environmental protection NGOs, agricultural services, and partners from the peat and other industries in Lower Saxony (Germany). The Centre aims to integrate practical peat bog conservation with a focus on green house gas emission after drainage and after water logging activities. Together with our partners we want to break new ground to protect the remaining bogs in the region. Sphagnum mosses will be produced in paludiculture on-site in cooperation with the local peat industry to provide economic and ecologic alternatives for peat products used in horticulture business. Land-use changes are needed in the region and will be stimulated in cooperation with agricultural services via compensation money transfers from environmental protection funds. On a global scale the ideas of Carbon Credit System have to be discussed to protect the peat bogs for climate protection issues. Environmental education is an important pillar of the EFMK. The local society is invited to explore the unique ecosystem and to participate in peat bog protection activities. Future generations will be taught to understand that the health of our peat bogs is interrelated with the health of the local and global climate. Besides extracurricular classes for schools the centre will provide infrastructure for Master and PhD students, as well for senior researchers for applied research in the surrounding moor. International partners in the scientific and practical fields of peat bog ecology, renaturation, green house gas emissions from peat bogs, and environmental policy are invited to participate in the European Competence Center for Moor and Climate.

  17. Validation of HF Radar ocean surface currents in the Ibiza Channel using lagrangian drifters, moored current meter and underwater gliders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lana, Arancha; Fernández, Vicente; Orfila, Alejandro; Troupin, Charles; Tintoré, Joaquín

    2015-04-01

    SOCIB High Frequency (HF) radar is one component of a multi-platform system located in the Balearic Islands and made up of Lagrangian platforms (profilers and drifting buoys), fixed stations (sea-level, weather, mooring and coastal), beach monitoring (camera), gliders, a research vessel as well as an ocean forecast system (waves and hydrodynamics). The HF radar system overlooks the Ibiza Channel, known as a 'choke point" where Atlantic and Mediterranean water masses interact and where meridional exchanges of water mass properties between the Balearic and the Algerian sub-basins take place. In order to determine the reliability of surface velocity measurements in this area, a quality assessment of the HF Radar is essential. We present the results of several validation experiments performed in the Ibiza Channel in 2013 and 2014. Of particular interest is an experiment started in September 2014 when a set of 13 surface drifters with different shapes and drogue lengths were released in the area covered by the HF radar. The drifter trajectories can be examined following the SOCIB Deployment Application (DAPP): http://apps.socib.es/dapp. Additionally, a 1-year long time series of surface currents obtained from a moored surface current-meter located in the Ibiza Channel, inside the area covered by the HF radar, was also used as a useful complementary validation exercise. Direct comparison between both radial surface currents from each radar station and total derived velocities against drifters and moored current meter velocities provides an assessment of the HF radar data quality at different temporal periods and geographical areas. Statistics from these comparisons give good correlation and low root-mean-square deviation. The results will be discussed for different months, geographical areas and types of surface drifters and wind exposure. Moreover, autonomous underwater glider constitutes an additional source of information for the validation of the observed velocity

  18. Development and Sensing Properties Study of Underwater Assembled Water Depth-Inclination Sensors for a Multi-Component Mooring System, Using a Self-Contained Technique

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Wenhua; Feng, Jiaguo; Xie, Bin; Tang, Da; Yue, Qianjin; Xie, Ribin

    2016-01-01

    Prototype monitoring techniques play an important role in the safety guarantee of mooring systems in marine engineering. In general, the complexities of harsh ocean environmental conditions bring difficulties to the traditional monitoring methods of application, implementation and maintenance. Large amounts of existing mooring systems still lack valid monitoring strategies. In this paper, an underwater monitoring method which may be used to achieve the mechanical responses of a multi-point catenary mooring system, is present. A novel self-contained assembled water depth-inclination (D-I) sensor is designed and manufactured. Several advanced technologies, such as standalone, low power consumption and synchronism, are considered to satisfy the long-term implementation requirements with low cost during the design process. The design scheme of the water resistance barrel and installation clamp, which satisfies the diver installation, are also provided in the paper. An on-site test has previously been carried out on a production semisubmersible platform in the South China Sea. The prototype data analyses, including the D-I value in the time domain (including the data recorded during the mooring retraction and release process) and spectral characteristics, are presented to reveal the accuracy, feasibility and stability of the sensor in terms of fitting for the prototype monitoring of catenary mooring systems, especially for in-service aging platforms. PMID:27854357

  19. Cdiac Data Management and Archival Support for a High-Frequency Atmospheric and Seawater PCO2 Data Set from 14 Open Ocean Moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozyr, A.; Sutton, A.

    2016-02-01

    One important project at CDIAC is the data management support for the Global CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project. This poster will describe the collaboration between NOAA/PMEL Mooring group and CDIAC in the data management and archival of a high-frequency atmospheric and seawater pCO2 data from 14 open ocean sites using moored autonomous systems.. Advancements in the ocean carbon observation network over the last decade, such as the development and deployment of Moored Autonomous pCO2 (MAPCO2) systems, have dramatically improved our ability to characterize ocean climate, sea-air gas exchange, and biogeochemical processes. The Moored Autonomous pCO2 (MAPCO2) system provides high-resolution surface seawater and atmospheric CO2 data that can help us understand inter-annual, seasonal, and sub-seasonal dynamics and provide constrains on the impact of short-term biogeochemical variability on CO2 fluxes. CDIAC NDP-092 provides a description of the data as well as the methods and data quality control involved in developing an open-ocean MAPCO2 data set

  20. Development and Sensing Properties Study of Underwater Assembled Water Depth-Inclination Sensors for a Multi-Component Mooring System, Using a Self-Contained Technique.

    PubMed

    Wu, Wenhua; Feng, Jiaguo; Xie, Bin; Tang, Da; Yue, Qianjin; Xie, Ribin

    2016-11-16

    Prototype monitoring techniques play an important role in the safety guarantee of mooring systems in marine engineering. In general, the complexities of harsh ocean environmental conditions bring difficulties to the traditional monitoring methods of application, implementation and maintenance. Large amounts of existing mooring systems still lack valid monitoring strategies. In this paper, an underwater monitoring method which may be used to achieve the mechanical responses of a multi-point catenary mooring system, is present. A novel self-contained assembled water depth-inclination (D-I) sensor is designed and manufactured. Several advanced technologies, such as standalone, low power consumption and synchronism, are considered to satisfy the long-term implementation requirements with low cost during the design process. The design scheme of the water resistance barrel and installation clamp, which satisfies the diver installation, are also provided in the paper. An on-site test has previously been carried out on a production semisubmersible platform in the South China Sea. The prototype data analyses, including the D-I value in the time domain (including the data recorded during the mooring retraction and release process) and spectral characteristics, are presented to reveal the accuracy, feasibility and stability of the sensor in terms of fitting for the prototype monitoring of catenary mooring systems, especially for in-service aging platforms.

  1. Accuracy in GPS/Acoustic positioning on a moored buoy moving around far from the optimal position

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imano, M.; Kido, M.; Ohta, Y.; Takahashi, N.; Fukuda, T.; Ochi, H.; Hino, R.

    2015-12-01

    For detecting the seafloor crustal deformation and Tsunami associated with large earthquakes in real-time, it is necessary to monitor them just above the possible source region. For this purpose, we have been dedicated in developing a real-time continuous observation system using a multi-purpose moored buoy. Sea-trials of the system have been carried out near the Nanakai trough in 2013 and 2014 (Takahashi et al., 2014). We especially focused on the GPS/Acoustic measurement (GPS/A) in the system for horizontal crustal movement. The GPS/A on a moored buoy has a critical drawback compared to the traditional ones, in which the data can be stacked over ranging points fixed at an optimal position. Accuracy in positioning with a single ranging from an arbitrary point is the subject to be improved in this study. Here, we report the positioning results in the buoy system using data in the 2014 sea-trial and demonstrate the improvement of the result. We also address the potential resolving power in the positioning using synthetic tests. The target GPS/A site consists of six seafloor transponders (PXPs) forming a small inner- and a large outer-triangles. The bottom of the moored cable is anchored nearly the center of the triangles. In the sea-trial, 11 times successive ranging was scheduled once a week, and we plotted positioning results from different buoy position. We confirmed that scatter in positioning using six PXPs simultaneously is ten times smaller than that using individual triangle separately. Next, we modified the definition of the PXP array geometry using data obtained in a campaign observation. Definition of an array geometry is insensitive as far as ranging is made in the same position, however, severely affects the positioning when ranging is made from various positions like the moored buoy. The modified PXP array is slightly smaller and 2m deeper than the original one. We found that the scatter of positioning results in the sea-trial is reduced from 4m to 1

  2. Modeling of Acoustic Field Statistics for Deep and Shallow Water Environments and 2015 CANAPE Pilot Study Moored Oceanographic Observations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    and Shallow Water Environments and 2015 CANAPE Pilot Study Moored Oceanographic Observations John A. Colosi: PI Department of Oceanography, Naval...Postgraduate School, Monterey CA 93943 Ph : 831-656-3260, FAX: 831-656-2712, E-mail: jacolosi@nps.edu Award Numbers: N00014-15-WX-00855, N00014-15-WX...00303 LONG-TERM GOALS The long-term goals of this research are to understand the statistics of acoustic fields in both deep and shallow water ocean

  3. The Tangled Tale of Genes and Environment: Moore's The Dependent Gene: The Fallacy of “nature VS. Nurture”

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, Susan M

    2007-01-01

    Nature–nurture views that smack of genetic determinism remain prevalent. Yet, the increasing knowledge base shows ever more clearly that environmental factors and genes form a fully interactional system at all levels. Moore's book covers the major topics of discovery and dispute, including behavior genetics and the twin studies, developmental psychobiology, and developmental systems theory. Knowledge of this larger life-sciences context for behavior principles will become increasingly important as the full complexity of gene–environment relations is revealed. Behavior analysis both contributes to and gains from the larger battle for the recognition of how nature and nurture really work.

  4. An Ionospheric Response to the 2013 Moore EF5 Tornad, Detected By High-Resolution GPS-TEC Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kubota, M.; Nishioka, M.; Tsugawa, T.; Ishii, M.

    2014-12-01

    We observed clear concentric waves and short-period oscillations in the ionosphere after the EF5 tornado hit Moore, Oklahoma, USA, on 20 May 2013 using a dense wide-coverage ionospheric total electron content (TEC) observation in North America. These concentric waves were non-dispersive waves with a horizontal wavelength of ~120 km and a period of ~13 minutes. They were observed for more than seven hours throughout North America. TEC oscillations with a period of ~4 minutes were also observed in the south of Moore for more than eight hours. Comparison between the TEC observation and the infrared cloud image from the GOES satellite indicates that the concentric waves were caused by supercells rather than the tornados themselves. Backward ray-tracing analysis suggests that the leaking of atmospheric waves in a thermal duct excited AGWs in the ionosphere. The short-period TEC oscillation could be explained by the acoustic resonance triggered by strong long-lasting supercells. This observational result provides the first clear evidence of a severe meteorological event causing atmospheric waves propagating upward in the upper atmosphere and reaching the ionosphere.

  5. Is It Time to Phase Out the Austin Moore Hemiarthroplasty? A Propensity Score Matched Case Control Comparison versus Cemented Hemiarthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Rui-Ping; Lau, Tak-Wing; Leung, Anderson; Wong, Tak-Man; Pun, Terence

    2016-01-01

    We compared the Austin Moore hemiarthroplasty versus cemented hemiarthroplasties using a propensity score matched cased control study. For a consecutive cohort of 450 patients with displaced intracapsular neck of femur fractures, 128 matched cases in each group were selected based on age, gender, walking status, nursing home residency, delays in surgery, ASA score, and the Charlson comorbidity score. At a mean follow-up of 16.3 months, we evaluated their outcomes. Significantly more patients with AMA experienced thigh pain (RR = 3.5, 95% CI: 1.67–7.33,  p = 0.000), overall complications (RR = 4.47, 95% CI: 1.77–11.3, p = 0.000), and implant loosening (RR = 8.42, 95% CI: 2.63–26.95, p = 0.000). There were no definite cement related deaths in this series. There was no significant difference in mortality, walking status, and the number of revisions between the groups. We support the routine use of cemented hemiarthroplasty instead of the Austin Moore for treating elderlies with displaced intracapsular neck of femur fractures. PMID:27042669

  6. The pre-Argo ocean reanalyses may be seriously affected by the spatial coverage of moored buoys

    PubMed Central

    Sivareddy, S.; Paul, Arya; Sluka, Travis; Ravichandran, M.; Kalnay, Eugenia

    2017-01-01

    Assimilation methods, meant to constrain divergence of model trajectory from reality using observations, do not exactly satisfy the physical laws governing the model state variables. This allows mismatches in the analysis in the vicinity of observation locations where the effect of assimilation is most prominent. These mismatches are usually mitigated either by the model dynamics in between the analysis cycles and/or by assimilation at the next analysis cycle. However, if the observations coverage is limited in space, as it was in the ocean before the Argo era, these mechanisms may be insufficient to dampen the mismatches, which we call shocks, and they may remain and grow. Here we show through controlled experiments, using real and simulated observations in two different ocean models and assimilation systems, that such shocks are generated in the ocean at the lateral boundaries of the moored buoy network. They thrive and propagate westward as Rossby waves along these boundaries. However, these shocks are essentially eliminated by the assimilation of near-homogenous global Argo distribution. These findings question the fidelity of ocean reanalysis products in the pre-Argo era. For example, a reanalysis that ignores Argo floats and assimilates only moored buoys, wrongly represents 2008 as a negative Indian Ocean Dipole year. PMID:28429748

  7. The influence of aeration and temperature on the structure of bacterial complexes in high-moor peat soil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kukharenko, O. S.; Pavlova, N. S.; Dobrovol'Skaya, T. G.; Golovchenko, A. V.; Pochatkova, T. N.; Zenova, G. M.; Zvyagintsev, D. G.

    2010-05-01

    The number and taxonomic structure of the heterotrophic block of aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria were studied in monoliths from a high-moor peat (stored at room temperature and in a refrigerator) and in the peat horizons mixed in laboratory vessels. The monitoring lasted for a year. In the T0 horizon, spirilla predominated at room and low temperatures; in the T1 and T2 horizons, bacilli were the dominants. The continuous mixing of the peat layers increased the oxygen concentration and the peat decomposition; hence, the shares of actinomycetes and bacilli (bacteria of the hydrolytic complex) increased. In the peat studied, the bacilli were in the active state; i.e., vegetative cells predominated, whose amount ranged from 65 to 90%. The representatives of the main species of bacilli (the facultative anaerobic forms prevailed) hydrolyzed starch, pectin, and carboxymethylcellulose. Thus, precisely sporiferous bacteria can actively participate in the decomposition of plant polysaccharides in high-moor peat soils that are characterized by low temperatures and an oxygen deficit. The development of actinomycetes is inhibited by low temperatures; they can develop only under elevated temperature and better aeration.

  8. Evasion, private events, and pragmatism: A Reply to Moore's response to my review of Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism

    PubMed Central

    Baum, William M

    2011-01-01

    Moore's screed in response to my review of his book uses several rhetorical tricks to counter criticism without actually addressing it: he tries to preempt the transparency of his own orthodoxy by groundlessly accusing me of orthodoxy; he caricatures my criticisms to make them appear obviously wrong; he professes lack of understanding so as to dodge having to attempt a genuine response; and he engages in pejorative labeling to dismiss the criticisms without analysis. From a scientific and pragmatic point of view, private events are a mistake, precisely because they are private. They cannot serve as independent variables, as Moore suggests, because they cannot be measured; “private independent variable” is a contradiction in terms. When we carefully examine locutions like “observe” and “report on,” we discover that they entail only public verbal and nonverbal behavior, not objects and not private events as objects. A person in pain is not reporting on anything, is engaging in public verbal and nonverbal pain-behavior, and an infant or a dog may be considered to be in pain. The public behavior is all that matters, because determining whether a person is really in pain privately is impossible. The same is true of any private event, and the control of the public behavior on which the verbal community comments lies in the public environment. We cannot have two sets of principles, one for verbal behavior and one for nonverbal behavior or one for humans and one for other animals.

  9. Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ) Dynamics Off Peru: Preliminary Insights From a Mooring and an Integrated Modelling Platform - The AMOP Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcon, V.; Paulmier, A.; Bretagnon, M.; Campos, F.; Dewitte, B.; Illig, S.; Maes, C.; Depretz de Gesincourt, O.; Scouarnec, L.; Grelet, J.; Coppola, L.; Oschlies, A.; Leblond, N.; Quispe, J.; Carrasco, E.

    2015-12-01

    In the current context of the ocean deoxygenation, OMZs are known to play a key-role on the evolution of climate (greenhouse gases) and on the ecosystems and fisheries (nitrogen loss, respiratory barrier, sulfidic events) at both local and global scales. One of the objectives of the AMOP (Activities of research dedicated to the Minimum of Oxygen in the eastern Pacific) project is to document the mechanisms associated with the OMZ variability from hourly to decadal timescales. The hypothesis is that the variability scale ranges are different at the oxycline compared to the OMZ core, and directly impact the OMZ recycling behavior acting as either a preservation or remineralization layer. Results from a mooring deployment off Callao put in evidence three main time scales of OMZ variability- intra daily, intra monthly and intra seasonally. A coupled model ROM-BioEBUS configuration of the Peruvian OMZ shows there is a marked longitudinal variability in the characteristics of the oxygen spectrum, indicative of a strong influence of mesoscale activity in shaping the OMZ structure offshore. Mooring data highlight oxygenation events occurring near the oxycline rather than within the core, and inducing a shift of the OMZ regime from organic matter preservation towards remineralisation.

  10. Experimental Comparison of Dynamic Responses of a Tension Moored Floating Wind Turbine Platform with and without Spring Dampers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, C.; O'Sullivan, K.; Murphy, J.; Pakrashi, V.

    2015-07-01

    The offshore wind industry is rapidly maturing and is now expanding to more extreme environments in deeper water and farther from shore. To date fixed foundation types (i.e. monopoles, jackets) have been primarily used but become uneconomical in water depths greater than 50m. Floating foundations have more complex dynamics but at the moment no design has reached commercialization, although a number of devices are being tested at prototype stage. The development of concepts is carried out through physical model testing of scaled devices such that to better understand the dynamics of the system and validate numerical models. This paper investigates the testing of a scale model of a tension moored wind turbine at two different scales and in the presence and absence of a spring damper controlling its dynamic response. The models were tested under combined wave and wind thrust loading conditions. The analysis compares the motions of the platform at different scales and structural conditions through RAO, testing a mooring spring damper for load reductions.

  11. An annual energy and carbon dioxide balance from the CarboEurope wetland site at Tadham Moor, UK

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lloyd, C. R.; Harding, R. J.

    2003-04-01

    Peat-rich wetlands can be a major source or sink of carbon depending on the particular hydrological, climatic and biological conditions occurring throughout the year. In managed agricultural wetlands, such a system's equilibrium can be perturbed through farming practice that seeks to maximise crop yield from hay and cattle, and from ecological pressure to maximise the period of inundation. The effects upon the energy and carbon balance brought about by the varying hydrology, climate and farming practice are conplex and require long-term measurements to appreciate the overall gain or loss of the carbon store of vegetation and soil, and to gauge the consequences of current practice upon the wetlands future. Continuous eddy correlation measurements of energy, evaporation and carbon dioxide fluxes were begun in June 1999 at Tadham Moor as part of the EC funded CarboEurope cluster. Tadham Moor is a managed wetland site within the Somerset Levels south of Bristol, UK. A full years data is used to highlight the oscillations and progressions of the energy balance and Net Ecosystem Productivity as climate, hydrology and farming practice alter the overall balance and to create an annual budget of energy and carbon dioxide exchange.

  12. The pre-Argo ocean reanalyses may be seriously affected by the spatial coverage of moored buoys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sivareddy, S.; Paul, Arya; Sluka, Travis; Ravichandran, M.; Kalnay, Eugenia

    2017-04-01

    Assimilation methods, meant to constrain divergence of model trajectory from reality using observations, do not exactly satisfy the physical laws governing the model state variables. This allows mismatches in the analysis in the vicinity of observation locations where the effect of assimilation is most prominent. These mismatches are usually mitigated either by the model dynamics in between the analysis cycles and/or by assimilation at the next analysis cycle. However, if the observations coverage is limited in space, as it was in the ocean before the Argo era, these mechanisms may be insufficient to dampen the mismatches, which we call shocks, and they may remain and grow. Here we show through controlled experiments, using real and simulated observations in two different ocean models and assimilation systems, that such shocks are generated in the ocean at the lateral boundaries of the moored buoy network. They thrive and propagate westward as Rossby waves along these boundaries. However, these shocks are essentially eliminated by the assimilation of near-homogenous global Argo distribution. These findings question the fidelity of ocean reanalysis products in the pre-Argo era. For example, a reanalysis that ignores Argo floats and assimilates only moored buoys, wrongly represents 2008 as a negative Indian Ocean Dipole year.

  13. Commentary: Fundamental problems with candidate gene-by-environment interaction studies - reflections on Moore and Thoemmes (2016).

    PubMed

    Border, Richard; Keller, Matthew C

    2017-03-01

    Moore and Thoemmes elaborate on one particular source of difficulty in the study of candidate gene-by-environment interactions (cG × E): how different biologically plausible configurations of gene-environment covariation can bias estimates of cG × E when not explicitly modeled. However, even if cG × E investigators were able to account for the sources of bias Moore and Thoemmes elaborate, it is unlikely that conventional approaches would yield reliable results. Published cG × E findings to date have generally employed inadequate analytic procedures, have relied on samples orders of magnitude too small to detect plausible effects, and have relied on a particular candidate gene approach that has been unfruitful and largely jettisoned in mainstream genetic analyses of complex traits. Analytic procedures for the study of gene-environment interplay must evolve to meet the challenges that the genetic architecture of complex traits presents, and investigators must collaborate on grander scales if we hope to begin to understand how specific genes and environments combine to affect behavior.

  14. An annual cycle of phytoplankton biomass in the Arabian Sea, 1994 1995, as determined by moored optical sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinkade, C. S.; Marra, J.; Dickey, T. D.; Weller, R.

    A surface-to-bottom mooring in the central Arabian Sea (15.5°N, 61.5°E) deployed from October 1994 to October 1995, included fluorometers, PAR irradiance sensors, Lu 683 sensors, and a spectral radiometer. An annual cycle of phytoplankton biomass was determined by transforming signals from the optical sensors into chlorophyll a (chl a). Half-yearly phytoplankton blooms with water-column stratification were observed near the end of each monsoon, as well as biomass increases in response to mesoscale flow features. During the Northeast Monsoon, the integrate water-column chl a rose from 15 to 25 mg m -2, while during the Southwest Monsoon, chl a increased from 15 to a maximum >40 mg m -2. We present an empirical relationship between the ratio of downwelling Ed443/ Ed550 (blue to green wavelength ratio) and integral euphotic zone chl a determined by moored fluorometers ( r2=0.73). There is a more significant relationship between Ed443/ Ed550 measured at one depth in the water column (65 m) and the average vertical attenuation coefficient for PAR (K PAR) between 0 and 65 m ( r2=0.845). Because biofouling was a significant problem at times, data return from any one sensor was incomplete. However, optical sensor/data intercomparison helped fill gaps while permitting investigation of the temporal variability in observed phytoplankton biomass.

  15. Simultaneous application of multiple platforms (Glider, Scanfish, profiling mooring, CTD) to improve detection and quantification of temporal ocean dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, D.; Prien, R. D.; Lips, U.; Naumann, M.; Liblik, T.; Schulz-Bull, D. E.

    2016-02-01

    Ocean dynamics are difficult to observe given the broad spectrum of temporal and spatial scales. Robotic technology can be used to address this issue, and help to investigate the variability of physical and biogeochemical processes. This work focuses on ocean robots and in particular on glider technology which seems to be one of the most promising oceanographic tools for future marine research. In this context, we present the results of an observational program conducted in the Baltic Sea combining a profiling mooring (GODESS - Gotland Deep Environmental Sampling Station) and glider technology (Slocum). The temporal variability is captured by the mooring, while the spatial variability is obtained from the glider sampling the surrounding area. Furthermore, classical CTD-measurements and an underwater vehicle (Scanfish) are used simultaneously by two different research vessels to validate and complement the observing network. The main aim of the study is to identify possible synergies between the different platforms and to get a better understanding of maximizing the information content of the data collected by this network. The value and the quality of the data of each individual platform is analyzed and their contribution to the performance of the network itself evaluated.

  16. Reading The Blues: The Individual and Community In Selected Poems of Langston Hughes, Gloria Naylor’s Novel The Women of Brewster Place, and Bebe Moore Campbell’s Novel Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Langston Hughes, Gloria Naylor, and Bebe Moore Campbell use the blues in their poetry and fiction to highlight the relationship between the...songs is a prerequisite for a valid analysis of Langston Hughes’s Selected Poetry of Langston Hughes, Gloria Naylor’s The Women of Brewster Place, and Bebe Moore Campbell’s Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine.

  17. Sediment transport dynamics at the Ria de Vigo inferred from two mooring stations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campistegui, Aimar; Bernabeu, Ana; Rey, Daniel

    2010-05-01

    The aim of this study is to characterise bottom currents and associated seafloor sediments at the Ría de Vigo, a 28 km long by 12 km wide funnel shaped coastal embayments at the NW coast of the Iberian Peninsula. The embayment is south-westerly oriented, against the general northerly trend of the main coast, and partially closed at its mouth by the Cies Islands. Forms a wide U-valley with central depths varying from 10 to 60 m. Hydrodynamics shows a semidiurnal mesotidal regime, negative estuarine circulation; and important south-western wave climate component, particularly in winter. Coarse sediments are mostly siliciclastic-bioclastic carbonates mixtures and are preferentially distributed at shallow depths parallel to the coast. Fine grained sediments mostly consist of mud and are preferentially distributed in the most internal parts and occupying the deep central parts of the embayment. The survey was carried mooring two stations at the inner and outer parts of the embayment, the later quite close to the southern mouth. In each station the current velocity and direction, salinity, temperature, turbidity, pressure and dissolved oxygen were measured near the bottom. The survey period covered two weeks, from June 28th till July 11th of 2005. Surficial sediment grain size was characterised in representative sediment samples from different points of the ría, including the stations sites, using box corers. The analyzed temperature and salinity data show an upwelling process, taking place since the third day on, registering low temperature values, about 13°C and high salinity values, about 36.5 ppt. During the non-upwelling period the bottom current direction in both stations was different, NE during the flood SW during the ebb, at the station 1 and eastwards during the flood and SW during the ebb at the station 2. But during the upwelling period was the same at both stations, NE-SW. At the same time the velocity during whole survey period was higher in the first

  18. Propagation of coastally trapped waves in the Northern Benguela studied with hydrographic moorings and a regional circulation model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siegfried, Lydia; Junker, Tim; Mohrholz, Volker; Schmidt, Martin; van der Plas, Anja

    2015-04-01

    Upwelling in the Northern Benguela is mainly driven by local winds but nutrient and oxygen conditions on the shelf are largely determined by the intrusion of South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) through the Angola-Benguela Front (ABF). The poleward spreading of tropical waters is related to the propagation of Kelvin and continental shelf waves originating from the Equatorial Atlantic and bending poleward at the African coast. The strength of this remote forcing is thought to be especially relevant to the interannual variability of the upwelling system. We test the hypothesis that the poleward spreading of tropical water is driven by the combined action of both I) coastally trapped waves of equatorial origin bringing tropical water to the ABF zone and II) locally forced waves generating the undercurrent which advects SACW onto the shelf. Signals of poleward propagating waves were found in satellite altimeter data up to 12°S. To detect the propagation of coastally trapped waves further south in-situ measurements have been conducted. Three hydrographic moorings equipped inter alia with ADCPs have been deployed and maintained within the framework of the projects GENUS, SACUS and PREFACE. For the first time, simultaneous current measurements on the Namibian shelf have been realized at three different positions. The moorings are located in the Cunene cell, the Northern Namibian cell and the Central Namibian cell. By means of a regional circulation model based on MOM the propagation of coastally trapped waves are investigated with high spatial and temporal resolution (about 8km along the Namibian coast, 2-hour averages). It has been demonstrated that modelled meridional transports correspond well with long term measurements obtained by a mooring off Walvis Bay. The power spectral density shows sharp peaks for the tidal and inertial frequencies. A large proportion of kinetic energy accounts for the sub-inertial frequency range. Meridional transport signals were found to

  19. Characterization of Mamey Sapote (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H.E. Moore & Stearn.) germplasm at the USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota [Jacq.] H.E. Moore & Stearn) is a tropical tree fruit in the Sapotaceae, which is native to Central America and southern Mexico. The tree is used for timber and shade; however it is the sweet, nutrient and vitamin rich fruit that is eaten out of hand, in milkshakes...

  20. Methodological issues in the validation of implicit measures: comment on De Houwer, Teige-Mocigemba, Spruyt, and Moors (2009).

    PubMed

    Gawronski, Bertram; Lebel, Etienne P; Peters, Kurt R; Banse, Rainer

    2009-05-01

    J. De Houwer, S. Teige-Mocigemba, A. Spruyt, and A. Moors's normative analysis of implicit measures provides an excellent clarification of several conceptual ambiguities surrounding the validation and use of implicit measures. The current comment discusses an important, yet unacknowledged, implication of J. De Houwer et al.'s analysis, namely, that investigations addressing the proposed implicitness criterion (i.e., does the relevant psychological attribute influence measurement outcomes in an automatic fashion?) will be susceptible to fundamental misinterpretations if they are conducted independently of the proposed what criterion (i.e., is the measurement outcome causally produced by the psychological attribute the measurement procedure was designed to assess?). As a solution, it is proposed that experimental validation studies should be combined with a correlational approach in order to determine whether a given manipulation influenced measurement scores via variations in the relevant psychological attribute or via secondary sources of systematic variance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. Inertial Manifolds and Gevrey Regularity for the Moore-Greitzer Model of an Axial-Flow Compressor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chung, G.; Titi, J. A.

    2003-02-01

    In this paper, we study the regularity and long-time behavior of the solutions to the Moore-Greitzer model of an axial-flow compressor. In particular, we prove that this dissipative system of evolution equations possesses a global invariant inertial manifold, and therefore its underlying long-time dynamics reduces to that of an ordinary differential system. Furthermore, we show that the solutions of this model belong to a Gevrey class of regularity (real analytic in the spatial variables). As a result, one can show the exponentially fast convergence of the Galerkin approximation method to the exact solution, an evidence of the reliability of the Galerkin method as a computational scheme in this case. The rigorous results presented here justify the readily available low-dimensional numerical experiments and control designs for stabilizing certain states and traveling wave solutions for this model.

  2. Model test of an inverted conical cylinder floating offshore wind turbine moored by a spring-tensioned-leg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shin, Hyunkyoung; Cho, Sangrai; Jung, Kwangjin

    2014-03-01

    A new 5-MW floating offshore wind turbine moored by a spring-tensioned-leg was proposed for installa­tion in about 50m water depth. Its substructure is a platform of the inverted conical cylinder type with massive ballast weight plate at the bottom. A 1:128 scale model was built for the preliminary engineering development. The model tests in waves and wind were carried out to estimate motion characteristics of this platform in the Ocean Engineering Wide Tank of the University of Ulsan. Its motions were measured and the RAOs were compared. The proposed floating off­shore wind turbine showed a good stability and decent responses in waves, wind and operation of the wind turbine.

  3. Examination of the vocal fold activity using ultra high speed filming: archival recordings by Paul Moore and Hans von Leden

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Izdebski, Krzysztof; Vaughan, Laura

    2012-02-01

    We present excerpts from three archival ultra high-speed films on the function of the human larynx by Paul Moore, Ph. D. and Hans von Leden, M.D. The films received two awards for best scientific cinematography from two different international film festivals in Italy in 1957. These films present ultra high-speed cinematographic accounts on the workings of the human vocal folds during various phonatory and ventilatory activities. These films were captured at speeds of 2000 to 5000 frames-per-second via an ingeniously arranged laryngeal mirror viewing device. Such speeds were revolutionary six decades ago. Technology currently allows us to film laryngeal behavior at speeds of up to 16,000 frames-per-second using digital recordings. However, the ultra high-speed films by Paul and Hans remain a beacon for anyone sincerely interested in how the smallest instrument of sound production works, and how it is subjected to failure by intrinsic or extrinsic factors.

  4. Partial long-stem resection Austin-Moore hip endoprosthesis in the treatment of metastases to the proximal femur.

    PubMed

    Chrobok, Adam; Spindel, Jerzy; Mrozek, Tomasz; Miszczyk, Leszek; Koczy, Bogdan; Tomasik, Patryk; Matysiakiewicz, Jacek

    2005-12-30

    Background. The proximal femur is a frequent location of bone metastases, and pathological fractures in this area are common. A pathological fracture and/or pain associated with bone destruction are indications for surgery. Among many methods of surgical treatment, partial resection and subsequent arthroplasty appears to be the most efficient. The low cost of the implant and the relatively simple surgical technique incline us to apply long-stem (305mm) partial Austin-Moore hip prosthesis in these cases. Material and methods. Between June 2003 and February 2005 we operated 31 patients (10 men and 21 women) for pathological fracture or proximal femur metastasis. The average age of these patients was 63.8 years. The most common primary neoplasmatic focus among the women was breast cancer (17 cases, 80%), and among the men, clarocellular renal cancer (3 cases, 34%). Results. In most cases - 21 patients (67%) - we achieved excellent or good outcome according to the Merle d'Aubigne Functional Test, as well as reasonable pain relief. Endoprosthesis dislocation occurred in 2 cases and early postoperative death in 2 other cases. Conclusions. Surgical treatment is needed in cases of actual or impending pathological fracture of the proximal femur. Resection arthroplasty is the method of choice in bone metastases to proximal femur. This procedure is well tolerated by patients. The use of long-stem partial Austin-Moore hip prosthesis appears to be a good alternative to costly modular implants, while its long stem protects the femoral shaft against fractures in cases where additional metastatic lesions are found there.

  5. The role of advection in the distribution of plankton populations at a moored 1-D coastal observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cross, Jaimie; Nimmo-Smith, W. Alex M.; Hosegood, Philip J.; Torres, Ricardo

    2015-09-01

    The degree to which advection modulates the distribution of plankton populations at a 1-D coastal observatory was assessed at station L4 in the western English Channel (50°15‧N 4°13‧W, depth 50 m), part of the Western Channel Observatory (WCO). Five tidal-cycle surveys were conducted, three in spring and two in summer 2010. Observations of the physical characteristics of L4 were obtained by using a moored acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP) and a free-falling microstructure sensor (MSS). The moored ADCP highlighted the presence of vertical shear, with typical values of U during spring tides of ∼0.5 m s-1 at the surface and ∼0.2 m s-1 at the bed. The distribution of phyto- and zooplankton populations above a size threshold of 200 μm were examined using an in-line holographic imaging system, the Holocam. Variability in time as well as depth is a common feature throughout each of the surveys, with examples of recorded numbers of phytoplankton that ranged between 1300 L-1 and 2300 L-1 at the same depth but at different points within the tidal cycle. Further, at the same points in the tidal cycle the number of recorded zooplankton was also seen to vary, specifically with the identification of gelatinous planula in spring that increased the observed number to maximums of between 140 L-1 and 220 L-1 in the upper layer, considerably higher that the corresponding WP-2 net counts for a similar period. Specific aspects of the movement and transfer of plankton relating to advection and interaction with the pycnocline are identified, both across tidal cycles and seasons.

  6. Impact of freshwater plumes on intraseasonal upper ocean variability from moored observations in the Bay of Bengal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prend, C.; Seo, H.; Weller, R. A.; Farrar, J. T.

    2016-12-01

    The Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillations (MISO) is strongly coupled to upper ocean variability in the Bay of Bengal (BoB). Past studies suggest that net heat flux drives changes in sea surface temperature (SST) in the BoB during the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM). Here, we use high-resolution mooring observations from the northern BoB (18°N, 90°E) to examine temperature and salinity variability during the 2015 ISM season. The mixed layer heat budget analysis shows that intraseasonal temperature variability deviated greatly from the simple 1-D balance in late summer (August and September). Examination of moored mixed layer salinity and satellite sea surface salinity (SSS) fields suggests that this is due to episodic intrusions of river discharge to the northern BoB driven by southward Ekman drift. Freshwater plumes and associated salinity fronts caused shoaling of the mixed layer to less than 1 meter at times. The presence of this shallow mixed layer led to amplified SST response to MISO-driven surface heat flux. Analysis of satellite SST data and the Price-Weller-Pinkel (PWP) 1-D ocean model are then used to estimate horizontal advection and vertical entrainment, respectively. Accounting for entrainment significantly improved the temperature balance in late summer via barrier layer dynamics, while advection was of secondary importance due to weak lateral SST gradients. Analysis of long-term SSS fields suggests that freshwater plumes arrive to the northern bay in late summer each year, but the exact timing and extent of the individual intrusion event depends highly on synoptic wind conditions. Overall, these results indicate the critical importance of river water intrusions to improved prediction of upper ocean variability and air-sea interaction in the BoB in relation to MISO and ISM rainfall.

  7. Deep-water sediment transport processes in the northeastern South China Sea: Mooring and shipboard-based observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Z.; Zhao, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Li, J.; Li, X.; Wang, W.; Xu, J.

    2013-12-01

    Six moorings equipped with acoustic doppler current profiler (ADCP), recording current meter (RCM), and sediment trap have been deployed in the northeastern South China Sea at water depths ranging from 1700-3900 m to collect time-series data that can hopefully help better characterize the bottom current system and transport process in the region. Shipboard-based measurements including CTD, transmissometer, optical backscatter (OBS), and in-situ layered suspended particle sampling using large volume pump (LVP) were undertaken along three deep-water transects in the region during two cruises in the spring of 2012 and 2013. Preliminary results show for the first time the presence of continuous and relative stable contour currents and widespread deep-water nepheloid layers in the deep South China Sea. The contour currents flow southwestwards with average speeds of 2-4 cm/s (occasionally up to 11 cm/s) along lower slope of the northern South China Sea at depths of 1700-2500 m. The large-scale sediment waves recorded by high-resolution multibeam bathymetry appear to be related to activities of the contour currents. Intermediate and bottom nepheloid layers with an average suspended particle concentration of 0.6 mg/l are extended from the lower slope to the deep basin of the South China Sea. The intermediate nepheloid layers in depths ranging from 900 to 1100 m are thought to be controlled mainly by the interaction between the North Pacific Intermediate Water and the Pacific Deep Water masses. A sedimentary core (MD01-2905) previously collected on the sediment drift of ODP Site 1144, where three of the mooring systems are located, indicates that 60% of total fine-grained terrigenous sediment budget since the last glacial time have sourced from Taiwan. Our data suggest that the observed contour currents are the major carrier for transporting Taiwan-derived sediments to the northern slope of the South China Sea.

  8. Analyses of surface and groundwater flow characteristics of the Ljubljana moor and water resources vulnerability to climate and land use change and groundwater overdraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Globevnik, Lidija; Bracic Zeleznik, Branka

    2016-04-01

    One of the biggest water resource of Slovenian capital is groundwater of Ljubljana moor (Ljubljansko barje) aquifer. Quantity and quality of groundwater in Ljubljana moor aquifer directly depend on precipitation, surface water and riparian ecosystems of the Moor and indirectly by groundwater recharge from higher-lying mountainous karstic areas of forests and grasslands. Maintaining high groundwater level of the Ljubljana moor not only sustain stable water balance of aquifer, but also its riparian and wetland character. It also inhibit larger subsidence of the terrain. The paper addresses the vulnerability of the Ljubljana moor water resources to climate and land use change and due to groundwater overdraft. The results should help in selecting suitable mitigation measures and management of the Ljubljana moor area. We analyze surface and groundwater flow characteristics of water recharge area of one water work on the Ljubljana moor (Brest) from the point of view of climate change, changes in land use and water pumping practices. The I\\vska River, a tributary to the Ljubljanica River, recharges the area in the gravel bar, which lies just below the hills. We use existing data of meteorological, hydrological and hydrogeological monitoring and simulate rainfall-runoff processes. We use a conceptual semi-distributed rainfall-runoff model HBV-Light and simulate hydrological characteristics of the Ljubljana Moor (groundwater level fluctuations and recharge, surface - groundwater interchange) with two hydrodynamic models, DHI MIKE FLOOD (surface flow, 2D simulation) and DHI MIKE SHE (groundwater flow). For a calibration of runoff model HBV Light and MIKE SHE we use measured daily discharge data of the river I\\vska (1970-2010) and groundwater level data along the river (2010-2013) respectively. In groundwater modelling, we include the data of water pumping. Daily precipitation and temperature for period 2020 - 2050 are from ESAMBLE project for two GCM climate scenarios. We

  9. CDIAC data management and archival support for a high-frequency atmospheric and seawater pCO2 data set from 14 open ocean moorings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozyr, Alex; Sutton, Adrienne; Sabine, Christopher

    2015-04-01

    Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and climate change are increasing ocean temperatures and affecting ocean chemistry (e.g., ocean acidification). Monitoring these important changes using ships and other platforms generates large amounts of data from heterogenous sources. Since its inception in 1993, when it became a member of the DOE/NOAA Ocean Carbon Science Team engaged in the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the CDIAC Ocean Carbon Data Management Project has been organizing, quality assuring, documenting, archiving and distributing ocean carbon-related data collected via a number of U.S. and international ocean-observing programs. CDIAC's ocean carbon data collection includes discrete and underway measurements from a variety of platforms (e.g., research ships, commercial ships, buoys) in all oceans from the surface to seafloor. One important project at CDIAC is the data management support for the Global CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project. This poster will describe the collaboration between NOAA/PMEL Mooring group and CDIAC in the data management and archival of a high-frequency atmospheric and seawater pCO2 data from 14 open ocean sites using moored autonomous systems.. Advancements in the ocean carbon observation network over the last decade, such as the development and deployment of Moored Autonomous pCO2 (MAPCO2) systems, have dramatically improved our ability to characterize ocean climate, sea-air gas exchange, and biogeochemical processes. The Moored Autonomous pCO2 (MAPCO2) system provides high-resolution surface seawater and atmospheric CO2 data that can help us understand inter-annual, seasonal, and sub-seasonal dynamics and provide constrains on the impact of short-term biogeochemical variability on CO2 fluxes. CDIAC NDP-092 provides a description of the data as well as the methods and data quality control involved in developing an open-ocean MAPCO2 data set including over 100,000 individual atmospheric and seawater pCO2 measurements

  10. [Midterm Results for Quality of Life After Surgical Treatment of Moore Type V Fractures of the Tibial Plateau].

    PubMed

    Wirbel, R; Weber, A; Heinzmann, J; Meyer, C; Pohlemann, T

    2016-10-01

    Background: Dislocation fractures of the tibial plateau often lead to functional restrictions and subjective complaints from the patients. Besides functional and radiological results, criteria to determine the quality of life are of increasing importance. Intermediate term restriction in quality of life was evaluated and correlated with objective radiological results in patients with Moore type V dislocation fracture of the tibial plateau. Patients and Methods: From 2003 to 2012, a multicentre retrospective cohort study in three hospitals was used to register 36 patients with 38 Moore type V dislocation fractures of the tibial plateau. The injury mechanism, the surgical treatment (one step or two step surgery, single or double plate fixation) the complication rate, the radiological result (Kellgren/Lawrence osteoarthritis score, loss of reduction, secondary deviation of the axis) after a mean follow-up of 37 months, and the quality of life (pain and function by NRS, IKDC form, EQ 5D score) after a mean follow-up of 68 months (range, 15-128 months), were analysed. Results: The mean age of the 27 men and the 9 women was 50.8 years. There were 30 cases of high impact injury. An external fixator was used for primary fracture stabilisation in 24 knees; definitive internal fixation was performed in a second step. Internal fixation using a single plate was used in 12 knees, and double plate fixation in 25 knees; one patient was treated definitively with an external fixator. Early complications (3 × infection, 2 × compartment syndrome, 4 × implant failure) were seen in 21.1 % of patients; all could be cured surgically. The function of the affected knee joint gave a mean NRS of 4.53; the IKDC score was 50.46, and the EQ 5D 7.47. Only two patients (5 %) were free of pain, 27 (75 %) reported mild to moderate pain, and 7 patients (20 %) reported severe pain. Four patients are retired or have applied for a pension. Altogether, the quality of life was calculated

  11. Optimizing observational networks combining gliders, moored buoys and FerryBox in the Bay of Biscay and English Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charria, Guillaume; Lamouroux, Julien; De Mey, Pierre

    2016-10-01

    Designing optimal observation networks in coastal oceans remains one of the major challenges towards the implementation of future efficient Integrated Ocean Observing Systems to monitor the coastal environment. In the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, the diversity of involved processes (e.g. tidally-driven circulation, plume dynamics) requires to adapt observing systems to the specific targeted environments. Also important is the requirement for those systems to sustain coastal applications. Two observational network design experiments have been implemented for the spring season in two regions: the Loire River plume (northern part of the Bay of Biscay) and the Western English Channel. The method used to perform these experiments is based on the ArM (Array Modes) formalism using an ensemble-based approach without data assimilation. The first experiment in the Loire River plume aims to explore different possible glider endurance lines combined with a fixed mooring to monitor temperature and salinity. Main results show an expected improvement when combining glider and mooring observations. The experiment also highlights that the chosen transect (along-shore and North-South, cross-shore) does not significantly impact the efficiency of the network. Nevertheless, the classification from the method results in slightly better performances for along-shore and North-South sections. In the Western English Channel, a tidally-driven circulation system, added value of using a glider below FerryBox temperature and salinity measurements has been assessed. FerryBox systems are characterised by a high frequency sampling rate crossing the region 2 to 3 times a day. This efficient sampling, as well as the specific vertical hydrological structure (which is homogeneous in many sub-regions of the domain), explains the fact that the added value of an associated glider transect is not significant. These experiments combining existing and future observing systems, as well as numerical

  12. A Moored System for Understanding the Temporal Variability of Prey Fields of Deep Diving Predators off Cape Hatteras and Response to Gulf Stream Fronts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    Duke University Nicholas School of the Environment & Pratt School of Engineering 135 Duke Marine Lab Rd. Beaufort, NC 28516 phone: (252) 504-7566...used for behavioral and ecological studies of marine organisms. Marine mammal prey surveys are typically conducted from the ocean surface during...context to relative temporal variability of the biology for the region. The mooring system (Figures 1-3) is designed for extended durations (servicing

  13. The Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observing System Mooring array: Monitoring the Western Boundary Currents of the Coral Sea and Impacts on the Great Barrier Reef

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinberg, C. R.; McAllister, F.; Brinkman, B. W.; Pitcher, C.; Luetchford, J.; Rigby, P.

    2009-05-01

    Since 1987 Great Barrier Reef weather and water temperature observations have been transmitted in near real time using HF radio from pontoons or towers on coral reefs by AIMS. In contrast oceanographic measurements have however been restricted to loggers serviced at quarterly to half yearly downloads. The Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observing System (GBROOS) is a regional node of the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS). IMOS is an Australian Government initiative established under the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy and has been supported by Queensland Government since 2006. GBROOS comprises real time observations from weather stations, oceanographic moorings, underway ship observations, ocean surface radar, satellite image reception and reef based sensor networks. This paper focuses on an array of in-line moorings that have been deployed along the outer Great Barrier Reef in order to monitor the Western Boundary currents of the Coral Sea. The Westward flowing Southern Equatorial Current bifurcates into the poleward flowing East Australian Current and the equatorward North Queensland Current. The 4 mooring pairs consist of a continental slope mooring, nominally in 200m of water and one on the outer continental shelf within the GBR matrix in depths of 30 to 70m. The array is designed to detect any changes in circulation, temperature response, mixed layer depth and ocean-shelf interactions. A review of likely impacts of climate change on the physical oceanography of the GBR is providing a basis upon which to explore what processes may be affected by climate change. Sample data and results from the initial year of observations will be presented.

  14. Don't get the blues: conspicuous nuptial colouration of male moor frogs (Rana arvalis) supports visual mate recognition during scramble competition in large breeding aggregations.

    PubMed

    Sztatecsny, Marc; Preininger, Doris; Freudmann, Anita; Loretto, Matthias-Claudio; Maier, Franziska; Hödl, Walter

    2012-12-01

    Conspicuous male colouration is expected to have evolved primarily through selection by female choice. In what way conspicuous colours could be advantageous to males scrambling for mates remains largely unknown. The moor frog (Rana arvalis) belongs to the so-called explosive breeders in which spawning period is short; intrasexual competition is strong, and males actively search and scramble for females. During breeding, male body colouration changes from a dull brown (similar to females) to a conspicuous blue, and we wanted to test if male blueness influences mating success or facilitates male mate recognition. To do so, we first measured the colour of mated and non-mated males using a spectrophotometer. In an experiment, we then analysed interactions of actual male moor frogs in natural spawning aggregations with a brown (resembling a female or a non-breeding male) and a blue model frog. Mated and non-mated males did not differ in colouration, suggesting that female choice based on colour traits was unlikely. In our behavioural experiment, male moor frogs spent significantly more time in contact and in amplexus with the brown model than with the blue model. Our results suggest that the nuptial colouration in moor frogs can act as a new type of visual signal in anurans evolved to promote instantaneous mate recognition allowing males to quickly move between rivals while scrambling for females. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00265-012-1412-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

  15. Full time-domain nonlinear coupled dynamic analysis of a truss spar and its mooring/riser system in irregular wave

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, MinDong; Teng, Bin; Xiao, LongFei; Ning, DeZhi; Shi, ZhongMin; Qu, Yan

    2014-01-01

    A new full time-domain nonlinear coupled method has been established and then applied to predict the responses of a Truss Spar in irregular wave. For the coupled analysis, a second-order time-domain approach is developed to calculate the wave forces, and a finite element model based on rod theory is established in three dimensions in a global coordinate system. In numerical implementation, the higher-order boundary element method (HOBEM) is employed to solve the velocity potential, and the 4th-order Adams-Bashforth-Moultn scheme is used to update the second-order wave surface. In deriving convergent solutions, the hull displacements and mooring tensions are kept consistent at the fairlead and the motion equations of platform and mooring-lines/risers are solved simultaneously using Newmark- β integration scheme including Newton-Raphson iteration. Both the coupled quasi-static analysis and the coupled dynamic analysis are performed. The numerical simulation results are also compared with the model test results, and they coincide very well as a whole. The slow-drift responses can be clearly observed in the time histories of displacements and mooring tensions. Some important characteristics of the coupled responses are concluded.

  16. An in situ evaluation of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetric measurements versus meaurements made by moorings and inverted echo sounders for sea surface height

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The classical method of observing the sea surface height has been to make shipboard measurements of the vertical - density profile, and then calculating the surface height relative to a deeper reference surface. Two methods (a moored vertical string of instruments and an inverted echo sounder) were subsequently developed to obtain longer time in situ measurements. The first of these can be thought of as an extension of the discrete bottle hydrocast while the second integrates acoustically over the water column. One purpose of this note is to compare the result when coincidental observations are made by these two methods. This was done at two sites in the western tropical Pacific. Two inverted echo sounders were deployed alongside two enhanced TOGA-COARE moorings to be used in an in situ evaluation of TOPEX/Poseidon altimetric measurements of sea surface height. The mooring and inverted echo sounder data reproduced one another, at low frequency, with a correlation of 0.93 and 0.95 and the altimeter correlated with each of the above values ranging from 0.84 to 0.94. It is concluded that the altimetric measurements are statistically equivalent to the in situ measurements in the area of study.

  17. Patenting of human genetic material v. bioethics: revisiting the case of John Moore v. Regents of the University of California.

    PubMed

    Narayanan, Nithya

    2010-01-01

    Moore v. Regents of the University of California was one of the first cases internationally that dealt with the patenting of human genetic material. The case is closely related to the development of medicine and of biotechnology applied to medicine. These developments require the utilisation of human body parts, both for experiments and for transplant, and present certain major medico-legal problems. However, the case did not produce conclusive decisions on the various key legal issues that it raised involved in biomedical research and the patenting of human genetic material. This article re-examines the case from an Indian and an international perspective. After a brief introduction in Part I, Part II of the article describes existing laws in various countries with respect to the patenting of human genetic material. Part III discusses legal regimes applicable in the context of biological materials. Part IV elaborates on the importance of the doctrine of informed consent in the context of biomedical research on human subjects. Part V discusses the significance of bioethics in research and the patenting of biotechnology, according to international law. Part VI concludes the article with an assertion of the urgent need for legislation in this area.

  18. A new microsporidian species, Vairimorpha ocinarae n. sp., isolated from Ocinara lida Moore (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chih-Yuan; Solter, Leellen F; Huang, Wei-Fong; Tsai, Yi-Chun; Lo, Chu-Fang; Wang, Chung-Hsiung

    2009-02-01

    A new microsporidium was isolated from Ocinara lida Moore (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae), a pest of Ficus microcarpa L. f. in Taiwan. The microsporidium produces systemic infections in O. lida larvae; the midgut epithelium, Malpighian tubules, and midgut muscle tissues were the target tissues for this isolate, and atrophied fat body tissues were found in heavily infected larvae. Two types of spores were observed, diplokaroytic spores with 11-13 coils of polar tube, and monokaryotic spores with 12 coils of the polar tube that developed within a sporophorous vesicle to form octospores. Electron-dense granules were abundant in the episporontal space of the sporophorous vesicles, and were similar to those of Vairimorpha invictae isolated from Solenopsis invicta, but different from granules or inclusions of other Vairimorpha species. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the small subunit ribosomal DNA sequence, this isolate is unique within the Vairimorpha complex. Morphological and genetic characters showed this isolate to be a new species. It is placed in the genus Vairimorpha and is described as Vairimorpha ocinarae n. sp.

  19. Phytochemical analysis of the ethanolic extract of Agathis robusta (C. Moore ex F. Muell.) F.M. Bailey.

    PubMed

    Venditti, Alessandro; Frezza, Claudio; Campanelli, Chiara; Foddai, Sebastiano; Bianco, Armandodoriano; Serafini, Mauro

    2017-02-08

    This work reports the phytochemical analysis of the ethanolic extract obtained from the leaves of Agathis robusta (C. Moore ex F. Muell.) F.M. Bailey. The methodology utilised during this study comprised classical chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. Six compounds were identified: agathisflavone (1), 7″-O-methyl-agathisflavone (2), cupressuflavone (3), rutin (4), shikimic acid (5) and (2S)-1,2-Di-O-[(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoyl]-3-O-β-d-galactopyranosyl glycerol (6). These belong to four major classes of natural compounds: bi-flavonoids (1-3); diglycosidic flavonoids (4); cycloexen-carboxylic acids (5); glycerol-glycolipids (6). To the best of our knowledge, compounds (3-6) were identified for the first time in this study as constituents of A. robusta. Anyway, the majority of these compounds has chemotaxonomic relevance and is mostly in accordance with the current botanical classification of this species. Moreover, they also present several pharmacological properties among which, the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and protective ones are the most important and may explain why this species is used in the ethno-medicinal field.

  20. Using a Clean Energy Version of Moore's Law to Plan for the Extreme Efficiency of the Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Buskirk, Robert

    2014-03-01

    In 1965, Gordon Moore predicted a decade of exponential growth in the transistor density growth (and hence computing power) for integrated circuits that--with some modification--has held to the present day. In this talk, we discuss to what extent clean energy technologies are subject to similar laws of long term exponential improvement and how these improvement rates may be accelerating due to recent developments. We review a range of long term energy efficiency and technology productivity improvement trends ranging from lighting, televisions, refrigerators, HVAC, batteries, motors, power electronics and solar PV. After reviewing historical and recent trends, we discuss several factors that may lead to an acceleration of improvement rates in the clean energy technology sector. Finally, we discuss the Baumol effect which predicts how differential trends in technology productivity may affect trends in relative prices in the economy. We conclude with a discussion of some of the implications that Baumol's theories may have for the development of extreme levels of energy efficiency in the coming decades.

  1. Coherence and Variability of Ground Motion Over 600 m of the Nonvolcanic Tremor Array Site at Mooring, TN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huda, M. M.; Langston, C. A.

    2014-12-01

    This study examines wave coherency for high frequency P and S waves in the New Madrid Seismic Zone at a site near Mooring, TN. An L-shaped array consisting of 19-seismometers and having arm lengths of 600m located on Holocene fluvial sediments of the Mississippi River was used to examine wave coherency appropriate for many sites throughout the Mississippi embayment and other sediment sites associate with large rivers. Data from local and regional earthquakes within a distance range of 300km show that coherency within the frequency band of 0.5 to 16 Hz degrades with interstation distance across the array according to an empirical exponential model. Vertical component P-waves are coherent over nearly 2 horizontal wavelengths. However, the coherency for horizontal component S-waves degrades more rapidly than the vertical component P waves. S-waves become significantly incoherent at distances of only 0.2 horizontal wavelength and become completely incoherent after 0.5 wavelength. The results of this study show clear and quick decay of wave coherence likely to occur in strong ground motions from nearby earthquakes. The observed incoherence can be a significant factor for the response of structures having foundation lengths of even 100m for a nearby large magnitude earthquake in New Madrid Seismic Zone.

  2. Topical formulation and dermal delivery of active phenolic compounds in the Thai medicinal plant--Clerodendrum petasites S. Moore.

    PubMed

    Thitilertdecha, Premrutai; Rowan, Michael G; Guy, Richard H

    2015-01-15

    To develop topical formulations of Clerodendrum petasites S. Moore (CP), and to optimize the skin permeability and topical bioavailability of the active phenolic compounds therein. The skin uptake and delivery of active compounds from two formulations, an oil-in-water cream and a lotion (both containing 10% w/w CP extracts), were examined (a) invitro using pig skin, and (b) invivo in human volunteers. Stratum corneum (SC) was collected by tape stripping and the compounds were detected and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with either mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) or ultraviolet and photodiode array (HPLC-UV-PDA) detection. From the invitro results, vanillic acid, verbascoside, nepetin and hispidulin, were chosen as potential phenolic actives for topical delivery optimization from the formulations. Invivo, vanillic acid, nepetin and hispidulin were appreciably taken up into the SC within 6h, while verbascoside did not penetrate beyond the most superficial layers. No significant differences in delivery were observed between the two formulations, both of which were well tolerated. The detected topical absorption of hispidulin, nepetin, and vanillic acid, from the cream and lotion vehicles investigated, suggest that these compounds are potentially active compounds in Thai traditional medicine for the treatment of a wide range of skin diseases. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Research on analytical method of fatigue characteristics of Soft Yoke Mooring System based on full-scale measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Wen-hua; Lv, Bai-cheng; Yue, Qian-jin; Zhang, Yan-tao; Lin, Yang

    2017-04-01

    By focusing on the vulnerability of the structure of marine equipments, together with considering the randomness of meta-ocean load in statistics, a kind of analytical method of fatigue characteristics of marine structure based on full-scale and actual measurement of prototype is proposed. On the basis of short-term field measurement results of structural response, research is carried out on the fatigue analysis of hinge joints at the upper part of the Soft Yoke single point Mooring System (SYMS) by simultaneously monitoring the environmental load and considering the design criteria of offshore structure. Through analysis of finite element modeling, the time-histories of typical stress response are obtained, and then the assessment of fatigue damage at key hinge joints is conducted. The simulation results indicate that the proposed method can accurately analyze the fatigue damage of offshore engineering structure caused by the effect of wave load. The present analytical method of fatigue characteristics can be extended on other offshore engineering structures subjected to meta-ocean load.

  4. Yearlong moored bioluminescence and current data at KM3NeT neutrino telescope sites in the deep Ionian Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Haren, Hans; de Jong, Maarten; Kooijman, Paul

    2015-07-01

    Yearlong observations are presented using stand-alone small optical sensors and current meters in the deep Ionian Sea, E-Mediterranean. At two future neutrino telescope sites, off Sicily (I) and off Peloponessos (Gr), we deployed 2500-3000 m long mooring lines with oceanographic instrumentation. At about 150 m above the sea-floor, a glass sphere was mounted to each line holding two 3″-diameter photo-multiplier-tubes 'PMTs' in opposing directions for a first deep-sea test. Due to technical problems the background optical count rate could not be well established. Here, the focus is on the variations with time of bioluminescence bursts and their correlation with currents. Spectral analysis demonstrates that the PMT data best resemble those of horizontal currents (kinetic energy), significantly peaking at near-inertial, sub-inertial mesoscale and (Gr only) at tidal frequencies. Out-of-phase differences between signals from opposing PMTs in the same optical unit indicate impacts of bioluminescent organisms as a function of current direction, rather than a bacterial glow constant with time.

  5. Evaluating the Effects of Clouds on Solar and Longwave Radiation From Moored Buoys in the North Pacific

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balmes, K.; Cronin, M. F.

    2014-12-01

    Clouds play a critical role in the ocean surface radiation balance, along with the solar zenith angle and the atmospheric moisture and aerosol content. Two moored buoys in the North Pacific - KEO (32.3°N, 144.6°E) and Papa (50°N, 145°W) - continuously measure solar and longwave radiation and other atmospheric and oceanic variables through two redundant systems. After identifying the primary system and constructing daily clear sky solar and longwave radiation values, the seasonal and regional clouds effects are quantified for the two locations. Situated south of the Kuroshio Extension, significant moisture content variability, associated with the Asian monsoon, affects solar and longwave radiation and cloud effects at KEO. Less seasonal variability is observed at buoy Papa located in the Gulf of Alaska. At KEO, the negative solar radiation cloud forcing outweigh the positive longwave radiation cloud forcing leading to ocean cooling, particularly in the summer. At Papa, the longwave radiation cloud forcing counteracts the solar cloud forcing during the winter, subsequently warming the ocean. The regional and seasonal variability of clouds represents a difficult aspect of climate modeling and an area for further research.

  6. Moored surface wind observations at four sites along the Pacific equator between 140 and 95 deg W

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Halpern, David

    1988-01-01

    Moored surface wind measurements were recorded along the Pacific equator at 140, 124, 110, and 95 deg W during portions of 1980-1985. Minimum record length is one year. The annual mean and monthly mean westward speeds at 110 deg W were about 1.5 m/s higher during the year preceding the 1982-1983 El Nino than in the year following this event. The annual cycle, which moved westward at about 0.8 m/s, consisted of weak westward and northward speeds in February-April and vice versa in September-October. The spectral slope between 5-day and 0.05-day periods was -1.5. The rms amplitude of the 95-percent statistically significant diurnal period oscillation was 0.3 m/s, and the meridional component was nearly twice as large as the zonal component. The diurnal period wave was coherent (at the 95-percent confidence level) between 95 and 124 deg W, with westward phase propagation of about 138 m/s. No statistically significant spectral peak was found in the 40- to 50-day intraseasonal period band. The surface zonal ocean current component, which reached approximately 0.5 and -0.5 m/s in April and October, respectively at 110 deg W, influenced the surface wind stress computed from the quadratic bulk aerodynamic formulation by 10-20 percent.

  7. Reconstruction of a Tornado Disaster Employing Remote Sensing Techniques: A Case Study of the 1999 Moore, Oklahoma Tornado

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Melissa A.

    Remote sensing has demonstrated to be an instrumental tool in monitoring land changes as a result of anthropogenic change or natural disasters. Most disaster studies have focused on large-scale events with few analyzing small-scale disasters such as tornadoes. These studies have only provided a damage assessment perspective with the continued need to assess reconstruction. This study attempts to fill that void by examining recovery from the 1999 Moore, Oklahoma Tornado utilizing Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery. Recovery was assessed for 2000, 2001 and 2002 using spectral enhancements (vegetative and urban indices and a combination of the two), a recovery index and different statistical thresholds. Classification accuracy assessments were performed to determine the precision of recovery and select the best results. This analysis proved that medium resolution imagery could be used in conjunction with geospatial techniques to capture recovery. The new indices, Shortwave Infrared Index (SWIRI) and Coupled Vegetation and Urban Index (CVUI), developed for disaster management, were the most effective at discerning reconstruction using the 1.5 standard deviation threshold. Recovery rates for F-scale damages revealed that the most incredibly damaged areas associated with an F5 rating were the slowest to recover, while the lesser damaged areas associated with F1-F3 ratings were the quickest to rebuild. These findings were consistent for 2000, 2001 and 2002 also exposing that complete recovery was never attained in any of the F-scale damage zones by 2002. This study illustrates the significance the biophysical impact has on recovery as well as the effectiveness of using medium resolution imagery such as Landsat in future research.

  8. In situ observations of ocean productivity using the SeaCycler mooring in the central Labrador Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atamanchuk, Dariia; Koelling, Jannes; Devred, Emmanuel; Siddall, Greg; Send, Uwe; Wallace, Douglas

    2017-04-01

    The Central Labrador Sea is a major deep-convection region in the NW Atlantic which is the most intense sink for anthropogenic carbon in the global ocean (de Vries et al, 2013). CO2 enters the ocean by air-sea exchange and is transported into the ocean's interior mainly though the biological pump (Longhurst et al., 1989). Despite its important role for CO2 uptake and high natural variability, the Labrador Sea is undersampled due to rough conditions and an overall lack of volunteer observing ship (VOS) transits. The SeaCycler moored profiler is currently providing year-round data from the central Labrador Sea and resolves daily changes of inorganic carbon and related properties from the upper 150m of the water column. SeaCycler's sensor float is equipped with 13 physical, chemical and biooptical sensors which measure temperature, salinity, dissolved gases, nutrients and optical properties of seawater. A combination of Pro-CV (Pro-Oceanus Inc, Canada) and CO2 optode (Aanderaa, Norway) sensors in profiling mode provides a detailed description of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC) dynamics in the upper 150m over the productive season. This allows, for the first time, high-resolution carbon-based estimates of ocean productivity from throughout the euphotic zone over an annual cycle which can be compared to estimates derived from simultaneous oxygen and nitrate (Deep SUNA, Satlantic LP, Canada) profiles. These in situ carbon, nitrogen and oxygen-based estimates of using in-situ data are further compared with remotely-sensed estimates from MODIS satellite data. The SeaCycler data allow estimation of the annual cycle of the air-sea CO2 flux and carbon export. Concurrently recorded in-situ bio-optical data allow direct comparison of optical measurements of biomass change and reveal key patterns in the seasonal succession of phytoplankton groups responsible for carbon drawdown.

  9. Neutron Resonance Parameters of 55Mn from Reich-Moore Analysis of Recent Experimental Neutron Transmission and Capture Cross Sections

    SciTech Connect

    Derrien, Herve; Leal, Luiz C; Larson, Nancy M; Guber, Klaus H; Wiarda, Dorothea; Arbanas, Goran

    2008-01-01

    High-resolution neutron capture cross section measurements of 55Mn were recently performed at GELINA by Schillebeeckx et al. (2005) and at ORELA by Guber et al. (2007). The analysis of the experimental data was performed with the computer code SAMMY using the Bayesian approach in the resonance parameters representation of the cross sections. The neutron transmission data taken in 1988 by Harvey et al. (2007) and not analyzed before were added to the SAMMY experimental data base. More than 95% of the s-wave resonances and more than 85% of the p-wave resonances were identified in the energy range up to 125 keV, leading to the neutron strength functions S0 = (3.90 0.78) x 10-4 and S1 = (0.45 0.08) x 10-4. About 25% of the d-wave resonances were identified with a possible strength function of S2 = 1.0 x 10-4. The capture cross section calculated at 0.0253 eV is 13.27 b, and the capture resonance integral is 13.52 0.30 b. In the energy range 15 to 120 keV, the average capture cross section is 12% lower than Lerigoleur value and 25% smaller than Macklin value. GELINA and ORELA experimental capture cross sections show a background cross section not described by the Reich-Moore resonance parameters. Part of this background could be due to a direct capture component and/or to the missing d-wave resonances. The uncertainty of 10% on the average capture cross section above 20 keV is mainly due to the inaccuracy in the calculation of the background components.

  10. Seasonal changes in zooplankton swimmer community collected by sediment trap moored in the western North Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yokoi, N.; Honda, M. C.; Matsuno, K.; Yamaguchi, A.

    2016-02-01

    For high-latitude oceanic region, life cycle of zooplankton is difficult to evaluate by ordinary ship-board observation. To overcome this problem, zooplankton monitoring on swimmer samples collected by sediment trap may be a powerful tool. In this study, we studied seasonal changes in zooplankton community based on the swimmer samples (>1 mm) collected by a sediment trap moored at 200 m depth at St. K2 (47°N, 160°E) in the western subarctic Pacific with one- to two-week intervals during July 2013 to May 2014. Zooplankton abundance and biomass showed clear seasonal pattern, and were higher during July-August. Cluster analysis (Bray-Curtis methods) separated samples into three groups. Occurrence of each group had clear seasonal pattern: i.e. group A characterized with high abundance with dominance of copepods Eucalanus bungii and Neocalanus plumchrus occurred during July to September, followed by group B with few abundance dominated by chaetognaths during October to December, then group C dominated by Neocalanus cristatus and Paraeuchaeta elongata during January to March. For dominant copepods, seasonal changes in population structure, lipid content and gonad developmental stage were observed. Thus, most males of E. bungii were C4 and C5 until February, while the composition of adults (C6M) suddenly increased and reached 80% at end of March. These drastic changes in copepod population structure are considered as a reflection of their arousal from diapause at that depth. Carnivorous P. elongata showed high abundance during March to July, and both egg-sac-carrying and spermatophore-attached adult females (C6F) were occurred during that period. These facts suggest that active reproduction of P. elongata was at that season. Results of this study suggest that seasonal monitoring on zooplankton swimmer collected by sediment trap is a powerful tool to evaluate life cycle of the oceanic zooplankton species.

  11. Coccolithophore export production and seasonal variation from a trans-Atlantic array of sediment trap moorings (NW Africa to Caribbean)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerreiro, C. V.; Baumann, K. H.; Brummer, G. J. A.; Fischer, G.; Korte, L.; Stuut, J. B. W.

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we contribute to disclose the ecology and seasonal variability of coccolithophores, to improve their use as proxies for environmental variability in the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. To this aim, the coccolithophore export fluxes and species composition were investigated from a trans-Atlantic array of sediment trap moorings from NW Africa (Cape Blanc) into the Caribbean (Barbados) (i.e., CB at 20°N/52ºW: M1 at 12ºN/23ºW; M2 at 14ºN/37ºW; M4 at 12ºN/49ºW). Each of the sediment trap devices was deployed at 1200 m depth, sampling settling particles at two-week intervals, and covering a full year (Oct. 2012 to Oct. 2013). First results show important contrasts between both ends of the trans-Atlantic array: total coccolith fluxes were much higher in the oligotrophic station M4 (western part of the basin) than in the highly productive waters off Cape Blanc (eastern edge of the basin), mostly due to the overwhelming dominance of the deep photic layer species Florisphaera profunda and Gladiolithus flabellatus. Off Cape Blanc, higher abundances of the placolith-bearing species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa spp. were found, more typical of the upper photic layer, while F. profunda decreases in relative abundance and G. flabellatus is almost absent, in comparison to M4. The presence of trans-Atlantic ecological gradients in terms of species diversity and prevalence of K- and r-selected species will be discussed with respect to the prevailing environmental conditions during the monitored period, including Saharan-dust deposition and the influence of the Amazon River plume.This study is part of ongoing multidisciplinary research in the study area, in the context of the projects "DUSTRAFFIC" and "TRAFFIC - Transatlantic Fluxes of Saharan Dust".

  12. Subduction experiment. Cruise report, R/V oceanus, cruise number 250 legs 1 and 2. Subduction 2 mooring deployment and recovery cruise, 25 January-26 February 1992. Technical report, 25 January-26 February 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Trask, R.P.; Brink, N.J.; Regier, L.; McPhee, N.

    1993-03-01

    Subduction is the mechanism by which water masses formed in the mixed layer and near the surface of the ocean find their way into the upper thermocline. The subduction process and its underlying mechanisms were studied through a combination of Eulerian and Langrangian measurements of velocity, measurements of tracer distributions and hydrographic properties and modeling. An array of five surface moorings carrying meteorological and oceanographic instrumentation were deployed for a period of two years beginning in June 1991 as part of an Office of Naval Research (ONR) funded Subduction experiment. Three eight month deployments were planned. The initial deployment of five surface moorings took place during the third leg of R/V Oceanus cruise number 240. The moorings were deployed at 18 deg N 34 deg W, 18 deg N 22 deg W, 25.5 deg N 29 deg W, 33 deg N 22 deg W and 33 deg N 34 deg W. A Vector Averaging Wind Recorder (VAWR) and an Improved Meteorological Recorder (IMET) collected wind speed and wind direction, sea surface temperature, air temperature, short wave radiation, barometric pressure and relative humidity. The IMET also measured precipitation. The moorings were heavily instrumented below the surface with Vector Measuring Current Meters (VMCM) and single point temperature recorders. Expendable bathythermograph (XBT) data were collected and meteorological observations were made while transitting between mooring locations. This report describes the work that took place during R/V Oceanus cruise 250 which was the second scheduled Subduction mooring cruise. During this cruise the first setting of the moorings were recovered and redeployed for a second eight month period.

  13. Moored observations of the current and temperature structure over the continental slope off central California: 1. A basic description of the variability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramp, Steven R.; Rosenfeld, Leslie K.; Tisch, Timothy D.; Hicks, Michael R.

    1997-10-01

    Current meter data have been analyzed from seven moorings on the continental slope along the central California coast, from Point Piedras Blancas to Point Reyes. The goal was to examine the subtidal variability in the 100 m to 1000 m depth range, particularly with regard to alongshore propagating events and interactions with eddies and meanders of the California Current offshore. The 2-year time series available off Point Sur were first analyzed in conjunction with the local and remote surface wind stress and coastal synthetic subsurface pressure, and then correlated with shorter coincident current records moored at similar depths to the north and south. The poleward flowing California Undercurrent was the most prominent feature at all the moorings except at one site located well into the Monterey Submarine Canyon. The strongest poleward flows over the slope occurred in 3- to 4-month bursts, not phase locked with the seasons, with vector speeds exceeding 40 cm s-1. South of the canyon, an approximately monthly signal was identified which propagated poleward, upward, and offshore. The behavior of this signal was consistent with that of an internal coastal Kelvin wave generated at the surface by remote wind stress to the south and was likely not of equatorial origin. The wave was apparently scattered by the abrupt topography of the canyon, since its energy persisted to the north of the canyon but with unstable phase. At least three eddy-meander interaction events were observed. These warm, deep (>1000 m), anticyclonic features reversed the flow over the slope to equatorward when they moved onshore and interrupted the flow of the undercurrent. One event forced anomalously strong (>15 cm s-1) onshore flows off Monterey Bay and offshore flows off Point Sur. While quantitative transport estimates could not be made with this sparse data set, it seems apparent that such events play a significant role in the exchange of water properties between the shelf and the deep ocean.

  14. Distortion of Near-Surface Seawater Temperature Structure by a Moored-Buoy Hull and Its Effect on Skin Temperature and Heat Flux Estimates

    PubMed Central

    Kawai, Yoshimi; Ando, Kentaro; Kawamura, Hiroshi

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies have suggested that the accuracy of temperature measurements by surface-moored buoys may be affected by distortions of the near-surface temperature structure by the buoy hull on calm, sunny days. We obtained the first definite observational evidence that the temperature near the hull was not horizontally homogeneous at the same nominal depth. We observed large temperature differences of 1.0 K or more between thermometers at 0.2 m depth. The distortion of the surface temperature field yielded an error in estimates of daytime net surface heat flux up to more than 30 Wm−2. PMID:22454575

  15. Heat, Salt, and Mass Transports in the Eastern Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean: an Insight from Two Years of Mooring Observations.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pnyushkov, A.

    2016-12-01

    In the recent decade, the Arctic Ocean (AO) has experienced dramatic changes evident in all components of the climate system, e.g., in sea ice cover, thermohaline state, and freshwater budget; and there is no indication that they will discontinue in the near future. The role of deep ocean processes in these changes is still poorly understood. For instance, the peculiarities of Arctic Circumpolar Boundary Current (ACBC) - the topographically-controlled current that carries Atlantic Water (AW) around the AO and transports a vast amount of mass, heat, and salt from the Nordic Seas around the polar basin - may play a crucial role in these changes in the Eurasian Basin (EB). Using observations collected in 2013-15 at six moorings distributed at the continental slope of the Laptev Sea we quantify the volume, heat and salt transports of the AW in the eastern EB of the Arctic Ocean. The utilized moorings were deployed in September 2013 as a part of the Nansen and Amundsen Basins Observational System (NABOS) program along the 125°E meridian, providing a detailed picture of structure and variability of the ACBC in this region. Collected 2013-15 observations suggest that at the central Laptev Sea slope the ACBC carries 5.1 Sv of water in the upper 800 m layer; 3.1 Sv of this volumetric water transport is associated with the AW. The mean heat transport carried by the AW was as high as 9.6±0.4 TW, estimated using a zero degree reference temperature (the lower temperature limit of the AW), and 32.7±1.3 TW relative to the freezing point (-1.8 °C). At the Laptev Sea slope, the AW heat transport constitutes 71% of the net heat transport in the entire layer spanned by NABOS mooring instruments (46.0±1.7 TW), confirming the dominant role of AW heat in the thermal balance of the EB. According to the mooring records, the water, heat and salt transports across the Laptev Sea slope experienced strong annual changes and demonstrated significant negative trends in 2013-15.

  16. National Dam Safety Program. Moore Creek Dam (Inventory Number VA 16304) , James River Basin, Rockbridge County, Virginia. Phase I Inspection Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    Moore Creek Dam is an earthfill structure about 950 feet long and 88.9 feet high. The dam is owned and maintained by the City of Lexington, Virginia. The...has nothing to do with their szability or probability of failure. 1.2.5 Ownership: City of Lexington, Virginia 1.2.6 Purpose: The dam was used as a...permit from the City . 1.2.7 Design and Construction History: Records do not show when the original dam was constructed. The dam was raised 10 feet in

  17. Re-description of a genetically typed, single oocyst line of the turkey coccidium, Eimeria adenoeides Moore and Brown, 1951.

    PubMed

    El-Sherry, S; Ogedengbe, M E; Hafeez, M A; Sayf-Al-Din, M; Gad, N; Barta, J R

    2014-11-01

    The Guelph strain of Eimeria adenoeides was obtained from a commercial turkey flock in Ontario, Canada, in 1985. Single oocyst derived lines of E. adenoeides were propagated, and one of them used to re-describe biological and morphological features of E. adenoeides in the turkey. Oocysts of this strain are within the lower size ranges in the original species description reported by Moore and Brown (1951); oocysts of the Guelph strain averaged 18.7 ± 1.4 μm (16.7-22.5) by 14.3 ± 0.9 μm (13-16.2, n = 30) with a shape index (SI) of 1.3 ± 0.1. It is possible that the original species description was based, at least in part, on a mixed culture of two or more Eimeria species. Immature first-generation meronts of E. adenoeides Guelph strain were observed histologically at 32 h post-infection in the ileum and cecal neck. Early studies reported only two asexual generations suggested that first asexual cycle observed at 32 h post-infection was overlooked. In the present study, three asexual generations were observed before the start of gametogony. The Guelph strain is also characterized by a prepatent period of 112 h. The Guelph strain of E. adenoeides is a highly pathogenic coccidium that forms classic cecal lesions, including prominent caseous cecal cores, during moderate to severe infections. The maximum output of oocysts (1.77 × 10(7) per bird) was obtained from birds inoculated with 1 × 10(3) oocysts; maximum fecundity (1.55 × 10(5) oocyst shed per oocyst inoculated) was obtained with an inoculation of 1 × 10(2) oocysts, but fecundity dropped dramatically as the inoculation dose increased. To promote stability of the E. adenoeides species concept, neotype specimens (a parahapantotype slides series and phototype) have been designated and deposited for future reference.

  18. Moore and Less!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asghari, Amir

    2012-01-01

    This article is the story of a very non-standard, absolutely student-centered multivariable calculus course. The course advocates the so-called problem method in which the problems used are a bridge between what the learners know and what they are about to know. The main feature of the course is a unique conceptual story that runs through the…

  19. Moore and Less!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asghari, Amir

    2012-01-01

    This article is the story of a very non-standard, absolutely student-centered multivariable calculus course. The course advocates the so-called problem method in which the problems used are a bridge between what the learners know and what they are about to know. The main feature of the course is a unique conceptual story that runs through the…

  20. Inside KSC Michelle Moore

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-21

    Kennedy Space Center reopened Saturday, Sept. 16, after a brush with Hurricane Irma. As storm recovery efforts were nearing completion, NASA's spectacular Cassini mission came to an end Friday, Sept. 15, when the spacecraft took its final plunge into Saturn's atmosphere.