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Sample records for multimedia applications supporting

  1. Quality of Service in Networks Supporting Cultural Multimedia Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanellopoulos, Dimitris N.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of representative multimedia applications in the cultural heritage sector, as well as research results on quality of service (QoS) mechanisms in internet protocol (IP) networks that support such applications. Design/methodology/approach: The paper's approach is a literature review. Findings: Cultural…

  2. Quality of Service in Networks Supporting Cultural Multimedia Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanellopoulos, Dimitris N.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of representative multimedia applications in the cultural heritage sector, as well as research results on quality of service (QoS) mechanisms in internet protocol (IP) networks that support such applications. Design/methodology/approach: The paper's approach is a literature review. Findings: Cultural…

  3. Proposed teleworking platform for workstations supporting multimedia medical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orphanos, George; Kanellopoulos, Dimitris; Prentzas, Lambros; Koubias, Stavros

    1993-09-01

    Teleworking refers to the usage of telecommunication facilities to improve human to human collaboration and enhance performance of work. This paper focuses on the way teleworking affects medicine. In particular, a teleworking platform is proposed to support multimedia medical applications embedded into RISC-based workstations. In order to support the teleworking platform, current commercially available products have to be taken into consideration and a range of new technologies need to be developed and made available. In this paper, we put emphasis on a RISC-based workstation, UNIXTM operating system, communication protocols capable to support the teleworking platform, and ISDN network capabilities.

  4. Team Training Shell: A Groupware, Multimedia-Supported Application Generator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dori, D.; And Others

    Since real-life situations of trauma training are practically not available, a proper substitute must take advantage of the most recent advents in multimedia and groupware technologies. Multimedia visualization is of particular importance in trauma training, as the most crucial step of the patient's initial assessment is largely based on a surface…

  5. Service description of communication systems supporting multi-media multi-user applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heijenk, G. J.; Hou, X.; Niemegeers, I. G.

    The paper presents a service description of communication systems supporting multi-media multi-user applications. In particular, it focuses on service elements related to the call control. The service description specifies the functional behavior of the communication system as a whole. It can be used as a common reference in the next design stages, e.g., in the protocol design and implementation of both Customer Premises Networks and public telecommunication networks. After discussing the requirements of multi-media multi-user applications, a call model is presented. This model creates an abstract view of those aspects of the call relevant for the design and helps us in structuring the service. Only those service elements of a communication system that are related to the call establishment, modification and termination are fully specified by describing service primitives, their parameters and temporal ordering constraints.

  6. Multithreading platform for multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koster, Rainer; Kramp, Thorsten

    2000-12-01

    Complex multimedia applications have diverse resource and timing requirements. A platform for building such programs therefore should supply the developer with mechanisms for managing concurrency, communication, and real-time constraints but should remain flexible with regard to scheduling policies and interaction models. We have developed such a platform consisting of a user-level threads package and operating system extensions. The threads package offers a message-based threading model uniformly integrating synchronous and asynchronous communication, inter-thread synchronization, and signal handling as well as real-time functionality and application-specific scheduling. To support this user-space flexibility an upcall mechanism links the user-level scheduler to the kernel.

  7. For Effective Use of Multimedia in Education, Teachers Must Develop Their Own Educational Multimedia Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babiker, Mohd. Elmagzoub A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper makes the strong claim that for multimedia to have any significant effect on education, the educational multimedia applications must be designed by the teachers of those classes. The arguments supporting this claim are presented in the headlines: curriculum, software, hardware and evaluation. The paper begins with an introduction which…

  8. Development of interactive multimedia applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leigh, Albert; Wang, Lui

    1993-01-01

    Multimedia is making an increasingly significant contribution to our informational society. The usefulness of this technology is already evident in education, business presentations, informational kiosks (e.g., in museums), training and the entertainment environment. Institutions, from grade schools to medical schools, are exploring the use of multifaceted electronic text books and teaching aids to enhance course materials. Through multimedia, teachers and students can take full advantage of the cognitive value of animation, audio, video and other types in a seamless application. The Software Technology Branch at NASA Johnson Space Center (NASA/JSC) is taking similar approaches to apply the state-of-the-art technology to space training, mission operations and other applications. This paper discusses the characteristics and development of multimedia applications at the NASA/JSC.

  9. Multimedia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaye, Karen

    1993-01-01

    Multimedia initiative objectives for the NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) program are described. A multimedia classification scheme was developed and the types of non-print media currently in use are inventoried. The NASA STI Program multimedia initiative is driven by a changing user population and technical requirements in the areas of publications, dissemination, and user and management support.

  10. Employing Cognitive Tools within Interactive Multimedia Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedberg, John; And Others

    This paper describes research into the use of cognitive tools in the classroom using "Exploring the Nardoo", an information landscape designed to support student investigation. Simulations and support tools which allow multimedia reporting are embedded in the package and are supported by several metacognitive tools for the writing…

  11. Supporting family carers using interative multimedia.

    PubMed

    Hanson, E J; Tetley, J; Shewan, J

    ACTION (Assisting Carers using Telematic Interventions to meet Older persons' Needs) is a nursing led Pan-European project (1997-2000). Its primary aim is to maintain the autonomy, independence and quality of life of frail older and disabled persons and their family carers by the application of telematic technology. This article describes the development of two multimedia programmes created as part of the ACTION project. Programme 1 'Planning ahead' helps family carers and frail older people to think about and plan for the future. Programme 2 'Break from caring' assists carers and older people to explore the range of respite care options available. Both programmes have been developed using a multimethod, user-centred approach. Preliminary evaluation data have indicated that frail older people and their carers have used the programmes to assist them when making difficult decisions such as selecting a nursing home, or exploring the use of respite care facilities.

  12. DAVE: A plug and play model for distributed multimedia application development

    SciTech Connect

    Mines, R.F.; Friesen, J.A.; Yang, C.L.

    1994-07-01

    This paper presents a model being used for the development of distributed multimedia applications. The Distributed Audio Video Environment (DAVE) was designed to support the development of a wide range of distributed applications. The implementation of this model is described. DAVE is unique in that it combines a simple ``plug and play`` programming interface, supports both centralized and fully distributed applications, provides device and media extensibility, promotes object reuseability, and supports interoperability and network independence. This model enables application developers to easily develop distributed multimedia applications and create reusable multimedia toolkits. DAVE was designed for developing applications such as video conferencing, media archival, remote process control, and distance learning.

  13. Does Whole-Word Multimedia Software Support Literacy Acquisition?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karemaker, Arjette M.; Pitchford, Nicola J.; O'Malley, Claire

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which multimedia features of typical literacy learning software provide added benefits for developing literacy skills compared with typical whole-class teaching methods. The effectiveness of the multimedia software Oxford Reading Tree (ORT) for Clicker in supporting early literacy acquisition was investigated…

  14. Application of Multimedia in Engineering Design Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohne, Gunter; Henkel, Veit

    2004-01-01

    Multimedia applications can provide enormous enrichment to the methodology of teaching, learning and learning by doing. When developing applications for the teaching of engineering design using these means of communication it is important to consider the special features of this field. This contribution gives a report on the experience gained by…

  15. Case for predictable media quality in networked multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouch, Anna; Sasse, M. A.

    1999-12-01

    Shared networks are now able to support a wide range of applications, including real-time multimedia. This has led the networking community to consider a wider range of network Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees and pricing schemes. To date, the QoS required by networked multimedia applications has been described in terms of technical parameters. We argue that, in order to maximize the realized quality of any network, the QoS requirements of networked multimedia applications should be based on the value that users ascribe to the media quality they receive in the content of a particular task. This argument is supported with results from a set of studies in which users' perceptions of media quality was investigated for a listening task. We found that users' expectancies of quality directly influenced their ratings: low expectancies produce higher ratings for the same level of objective quality-- provided that quality is predictable. In conclusion, we outline the implications of our studies for the design of networked multimedia applications and the network services that support them.

  16. Multimedia Application with Animated Cartoons for Teaching Science in Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalacosta, K.; Kamariotaki-Paparrigopoulou, M.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

    2009-01-01

    This study reports research findings on the use of animated cartoons in a multimedia application meant to evaluate their effectiveness in supporting teaching and learning in science. The researchers have developed a cartoon-style multimedia application whereas animated cartoons where designed from scratch using appropriate programs. The study was…

  17. Multimedia Application with Animated Cartoons for Teaching Science in Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalacosta, K.; Kamariotaki-Paparrigopoulou, M.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

    2009-01-01

    This study reports research findings on the use of animated cartoons in a multimedia application meant to evaluate their effectiveness in supporting teaching and learning in science. The researchers have developed a cartoon-style multimedia application whereas animated cartoons where designed from scratch using appropriate programs. The study was…

  18. Using Design Patterns in Educational Multimedia Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyardet, Fernando; Rossi, Gustavo; Schwabe, Daniel

    This paper shows how to use design patterns for building educational multimedia applications. The first section summarizes design issues related to organizing the information, the organization of the interface, and implementation. Navigating through information is covered in the second section, including problems, motivations, and solutions, and…

  19. Using color in multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sik-Lanyi, Cecilia; Schanda, Janos

    1998-09-01

    Color is an essential part of information handling. Computer science (informatics) students usually do not get a formal education in color science, but show interest in self-study of the subject. Hypertext and multimedia presentations can be used with advantage in such situations. A CD-ROM based self- study manual has been prepared for informatics students to teach them color science. The tutorial is built up by starting with some general errors, recommendations for good practice and links to guide the students to more profound understanding of the underlying colorimetric knowledge and functioning of display hardware systems.

  20. Multimedia Security System for Security and Medical Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Yicong

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation introduces a new multimedia security system for the performance of object recognition and multimedia encryption in security and medical applications. The system embeds an enhancement and multimedia encryption process into the traditional recognition system in order to improve the efficiency and accuracy of object detection and…

  1. Multimedia Security System for Security and Medical Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Yicong

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation introduces a new multimedia security system for the performance of object recognition and multimedia encryption in security and medical applications. The system embeds an enhancement and multimedia encryption process into the traditional recognition system in order to improve the efficiency and accuracy of object detection and…

  2. Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelton, S. M. (Marty)

    1993-01-01

    Offers an introduction to multimedia, the computer-controlled interactive medium that integrates in real time external visual and audio inputs with computer-generated text, graphics, animation, and audio. Discusses the multimedia team, multimedia's advantages and disadvantages, and multimedia today and in the future. Offers an extensive glossary…

  3. Visual Attention and Applications in Multimedia Technologies

    PubMed Central

    Le Callet, Patrick; Niebur, Ernst

    2013-01-01

    Making technological advances in the field of human-machine interactions requires that the capabilities and limitations of the human perceptual system are taken into account. The focus of this report is an important mechanism of perception, visual selective attention, which is becoming more and more important for multimedia applications. We introduce the concept of visual attention and describe its underlying mechanisms. In particular, we introduce the concepts of overt and covert visual attention, and of bottom-up and top-down processing. Challenges related to modeling visual attention and their validation using ad hoc ground truth are also discussed. Examples of the usage of visual attention models in image and video processing are presented. We emphasize multimedia delivery, retargeting and quality assessment of image and video, medical imaging, and the field of stereoscopic 3D images applications. PMID:24489403

  4. Visual Attention and Applications in Multimedia Technologies.

    PubMed

    Le Callet, Patrick; Niebur, Ernst

    2013-09-01

    Making technological advances in the field of human-machine interactions requires that the capabilities and limitations of the human perceptual system are taken into account. The focus of this report is an important mechanism of perception, visual selective attention, which is becoming more and more important for multimedia applications. We introduce the concept of visual attention and describe its underlying mechanisms. In particular, we introduce the concepts of overt and covert visual attention, and of bottom-up and top-down processing. Challenges related to modeling visual attention and their validation using ad hoc ground truth are also discussed. Examples of the usage of visual attention models in image and video processing are presented. We emphasize multimedia delivery, retargeting and quality assessment of image and video, medical imaging, and the field of stereoscopic 3D images applications.

  5. Large-scale multimedia modeling applications

    SciTech Connect

    Droppo, J.G. Jr.; Buck, J.W.; Whelan, G.; Strenge, D.L.; Castleton, K.J.; Gelston, G.M.

    1995-08-01

    Over the past decade, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies have faced increasing scrutiny for a wide range of environmental issues related to past and current practices. A number of large-scale applications have been undertaken that required analysis of large numbers of potential environmental issues over a wide range of environmental conditions and contaminants. Several of these applications, referred to here as large-scale applications, have addressed long-term public health risks using a holistic approach for assessing impacts from potential waterborne and airborne transport pathways. Multimedia models such as the Multimedia Environmental Pollutant Assessment System (MEPAS) were designed for use in such applications. MEPAS integrates radioactive and hazardous contaminants impact computations for major exposure routes via air, surface water, ground water, and overland flow transport. A number of large-scale applications of MEPAS have been conducted to assess various endpoints for environmental and human health impacts. These applications are described in terms of lessons learned in the development of an effective approach for large-scale applications.

  6. The Effect of Multimedia Writing Support Software on Written Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Racicot, Rose

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of multimedia writing support software on the quality and quantity of writing productivity and self-perception for students who have mild to moderate developmental delays. Participants in this study included 22 special education students in grades kindergarten through 6. Methodology included a…

  7. Evaluation of Educational Multimedia Support System for Students with Deafness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poobrasert, Onintra; Cercone, Nick

    2009-01-01

    The use of a multimedia program as a teaching tool, especially for special needs students, offers sufficient and personal attention to the student using it, while allowing instruction to proceed at the student's pace and also supporting in motivation. The purposes of this proposal are (1) to examine the degree of effectiveness of a multimedia…

  8. Web-based multimedia information retrieval for clinical application research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Xinhua; Hoo, Kent S., Jr.; Zhang, Hong; Ching, Wan; Zhang, Ming; Wong, Stephen T. C.

    2001-08-01

    We described a web-based data warehousing method for retrieving and analyzing neurological multimedia information. The web-based method supports convenient access, effective search and retrieval of clinical textual and image data, and on-line analysis. To improve the flexibility and efficiency of multimedia information query and analysis, a three-tier, multimedia data warehouse for epilepsy research has been built. The data warehouse integrates clinical multimedia data related to epilepsy from disparate sources and archives them into a well-defined data model.

  9. Simultaneous multithreaded processor enhanced for multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mombers, Friederich; Thomas, Michel

    1999-12-01

    The paper proposes a new media processor architecture specifically designed to handle state-of-the-art multimedia encoding and decoding tasks. To achieve this, the architecture efficiently exploit Data-, Instruction- and Thread-Level parallelisms while continuously adapting its computational resources to reach the most appropriate parallelism level among all the concurrent encoding/decoding processes. Looking at the implementation constraints, several critical choices were adopted that solve the interconnection delay problem, lower the cache misses and pipeline stalls effects and reduce register files and memory size by adopting a clustered Simultaneous Multithreaded Architecture. We enhanced the classic model to exploit both Instruction and Data Level Parallelism through vector instructions. The vector extension is well justified for multimedia workload and improves code density, crossbars complexity, register file ports and decoding logic area while it still provides an efficient way to fully exploit a large set of functional units. An MPEG-2 encoding algorithms based on Hybrid Genetic search has been implemented that show the efficiency of the architecture to adapt its resources allocation to better fulfill the application requirements.

  10. A Study of Multimedia Application-Based Vocabulary Acquisition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shao, Jing

    2012-01-01

    The development of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) has created the opportunity for exploring the effects of the multimedia application on foreign language vocabulary acquisition in recent years. This study provides an overview the computer-assisted language learning (CALL) and detailed a developing result of CALL--multimedia. With the…

  11. Development of Multimedia Computer Applications for Clinical Pharmacy Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlict, John R.; Livengood, Bruce; Shepherd, John

    1997-01-01

    Computer simulations in clinical pharmacy education help expose students to clinical patient management earlier and enable training of large numbers of students outside conventional clinical practice sites. Multimedia instruction and its application to pharmacy training are described, the general process for developing multimedia presentations is…

  12. On the Application of Multimedia in Economics Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ding, Mengchun; Li, Hongxin

    2011-01-01

    Multimedia has become an important teaching technology in higher education inside and outside, with its advantages of super-media, strong expression, and interaction. The application of multimedia teaching connects closely with teaching reform and innovation. In this paper, authors conclude the defects of traditional economics teaching and the…

  13. Development of Multimedia Computer Applications for Clinical Pharmacy Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlict, John R.; Livengood, Bruce; Shepherd, John

    1997-01-01

    Computer simulations in clinical pharmacy education help expose students to clinical patient management earlier and enable training of large numbers of students outside conventional clinical practice sites. Multimedia instruction and its application to pharmacy training are described, the general process for developing multimedia presentations is…

  14. Mobile multimedia understanding applications: an overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Xiaofan

    2011-03-01

    In recent years, mobile devices are quickly reaching almost every corner of our daily life in a variety of forms: personal media players, smart phones, netbooks, and tablets. Besides the more powerful, smaller, and more versatile hardware, another driving force is the vast number of software applications ("apps") on those mobile devices. A number of mobile apps employ intelligent multimedia understanding (MU) technologies. This paper gives an overview of such apps. The focus is not on the underlying MU techniques, which are already covered by a huge amount of literature. Instead, it attempts to shed some light on the junction of mobile apps and MU. For this purpose, it addresses a number of important aspects: unique requirements and characteristics of MU-related apps, values brought in by MU, typical MU technologies, various system architectures, available development tools, and related standards.

  15. Effectiveness of Multimedia Elements in Computer Supported Instruction: Analysis of Personalization Effects, Students' Performances and Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaidel, Mark; Luo, XiaoHui

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the efficiency of multimedia instruction at the college level by comparing the effectiveness of multimedia elements used in the computer supported learning with the cost of their preparation. Among the various technologies that advance learning, instructors and students generally identify interactive multimedia elements as…

  16. Effectiveness of Multimedia Elements in Computer Supported Instruction: Analysis of Personalization Effects, Students' Performances and Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaidel, Mark; Luo, XiaoHui

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the efficiency of multimedia instruction at the college level by comparing the effectiveness of multimedia elements used in the computer supported learning with the cost of their preparation. Among the various technologies that advance learning, instructors and students generally identify interactive multimedia elements as…

  17. Multimedia support in preoperative patient education for radical prostatectomy: the physicians' point of view.

    PubMed

    Ihrig, Andreas; Herzog, Wolfgang; Huber, Christian G; Hadaschik, Boris; Pahernik, Sascha; Hohenfellner, Markus; Huber, Johannes

    2012-05-01

    To systematically assess the physicians' point of view of multimedia support in preoperative patient education for radical prostatectomy. We evaluated the view of physicians performing multimedia supported preoperative educations within a randomized controlled trial. Therein 8 physicians educated 203 patients for radical prostatectomy. All physicians rated multimedia supported education better than the standard procedure. Main reasons were better comprehensibility, the visual presentation, and greater ease in explaining complex issues. Objective time measurement showed no difference between both educations. The major disadvantage was the impression, that multimedia supported education lasted longer. Moreover, they had the impression that some details could be further improved. Given the choice, every physician would decide for multimedia support. Physicians appreciate multimedia support in preoperative education and contrary to their impression, multimedia support does not prolong patient education. Therefore, patients and physicians likewise profit from multimedia support for education and counseling. The readiness of physicians is a possible obstacle to this improvement, as their view is a key factor for the transition to everyday routine. Therefore, our results could alleviate this possible barrier for establishing multimedia supported education in clinical routine. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Aids to Computer-Based Multimedia Learning: A Comparison of Human Tutoring and Computer Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodicio, H. Garcia; Sanchez, E.

    2012-01-01

    Learners are usually provided with support devices because they find it difficult to learn from multimedia presentations. A key question, with no clear answer so far, is how best to present these support devices. One possibility is to insert them into the multimedia presentation (canned support), while another is to have a human agent provide them…

  19. Accessing multimedia content from mobile applications using semantic web technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreutel, Jörn; Gerlach, Andrea; Klekamp, Stefanie; Schulz, Kristin

    2014-02-01

    We describe the ideas and results of an applied research project that aims at leveraging the expressive power of semantic web technologies as a server-side backend for mobile applications that provide access to location and multimedia data and allow for a rich user experience in mobile scenarios, ranging from city and museum guides to multimedia enhancements of any kind of narrative content, including e-book applications. In particular, we will outline a reusable software architecture for both server-side functionality and native mobile platforms that is aimed at significantly decreasing the effort required for developing particular applications of that kind.

  20. Using a Layered Multimedia Model To Build Educational Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schloss, Gerhard A.; Wynblatt, Michael J.

    As new users from the non-technical community are attracted to multimedia (MM) computing, it becomes necessary to design a convenient and easy-to-understand logical structure that facilitates data transfer from the MM data repository to MM applications. A recently introduced layered formalism, which describes MM applications in terms of the data…

  1. Multimedia wireless networking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jain, Rajeev; Alwan, Abeer; Gerla, Mario; Kleinrock, Leonard; Villasenor, John D.; Belzer, Ben; Boring, Walter; Molloy, Stephen; Nazareth, Sean; Siqueira, Marcio; Short, Joel; Tsai, Jack

    1996-03-01

    Current wireless network systems (e.g. metropolitan cellular) are constrained by fixed bandwidth allocations and support only a narrow range of services (voice and low bit-rate data). To overcome these constraints and advance the state of the art in wireless multimedia communications, we are developing variable-rate video and speech compression algorithms, and wireless node architectures that will enable peer-to-peer multimedia networking even with very low bandwidth. To support this objective, each wireless node must support new applications (for multimedia), advances in networking and source coding to support multimedia under limited bandwidth conditions (wireless), advances in physical layer design to support robust, low power, high packet throughput links, low power DSP for multimedia compression, and an architectural strategy to integrate these components into an efficient node. The algorithms and architectures to support this functionality are presented here, together with some preliminary results on network performance.

  2. Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagarkar, S.

    2010-10-01

    The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

  3. Upgrading a CD-ROM Network for Multimedia Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sylvia, Margaret

    1995-01-01

    Addresses issues to consider when upgrading library CD-ROM networks for multimedia applications. Topics includes security issues; workstation requirements such as soundboards and monitors; local area network configurations that avoid bottlenecks: Asynchronous Transfer Mode, Ethernet, and Integrated Services Digital Network; server performance…

  4. Multimedia Instructional Tools and Student Learning in Computer Applications Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Debra Laier

    2013-01-01

    Advances in technology and changes in educational strategies have resulted in the integration of technology into the classroom. Multimedia instructional tools (MMIT) have been identified as a way to provide student-centered active-learning instructional material to students. MMITs are common in introductory computer applications courses based on…

  5. Do Multimedia Applications Benefit Learning-Disabled Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raja, B. William Dharma; Kumar, S. Praveen

    2010-01-01

    This paper focusses on the need and benefit of using multimedia applications to cater to the needs of children with learning disabilities. The children with special educational needs found in various schools may face difficulties in acquiring academic skills such as reading, spelling, writing, speaking, understanding, listening, thinking or…

  6. CAMCE: An Environment to Support Multimedia Courseware Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrese, R. M.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents results of CAMCE (Computer-Aided Multimedia Courseware Engineering) project research concerned with definition of a methodology to describe a systematic approach for multimedia courseware development. Discussion covers the CAMCE methodology, requirements of an advanced authoring environment, use of an object-based model in the CAMCE…

  7. Effectiveness of Multimedia-Supported Education in Practical Sports Courses

    PubMed Central

    Leser, Roland; Baca, Arnold; Uhlig, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    Multimedia-assisted teaching and learning have become standard forms of education. In sports, multimedia material has been used to teach practical aspects of courses, such as motor skills. The main goal of this study is to examine if multimedia technology impacts learning in the field of sport motor skill acquisition. This question was investigated during a practical sports education course involving 35 students who participated in a university soccer class. The whole course was split into two groups: Group A was taught traditionally with no assistance of multimedia and Group B was prepared with multimedia-assisted instructional units. To quantify selected skills of soccer technique and tactic, the test subjects performed a specific passing test and a tactical assessment. Furthermore, a ques-tionnaire was used to assess the subjective impressions of the test subjects. All testing instruments were applied before and after a six-week-long teaching period. A comparison of the gathered data between the two groups resulted in no significant differences, neither concerning the results of the technique test nor concerning the tactic test. However, the results of the ques-tionnaire showed a positive agreement among the participants in the usability and assistance of multimedia for the sports practical course. Considering the reviewed conditions, it can be concluded that the use of multimedia content doesn’t affect the learning effects. Key points Multimedia-assisted learning showed no positive learning effects on technical skills in soccer. Multimedia-assisted learning showed no positive learning effects on tactical skills in soccer. Students participating in practical sports courses have very good attitudes towards the use of multi-media learning material. This may be considered for motivational effects. PMID:24149313

  8. Using Multimedia Records To Support Mixed-Method Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennington, Tammy L.; Jones, Michael L. W.; Gay, Geri

    1999-01-01

    Explores how multimedia records, especially digital video, can enhance the analysis and presentation of research findings and can facilitate mixed-method research designs. Draws analogies between mixing methods and mixing technologies. (Author/SLD)

  9. Instruction-level performance modeling and characterization of multimedia applications

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Y.; Cameron, K.W.

    1999-06-01

    One of the challenges for characterizing and modeling realistic multimedia applications is the lack of access to source codes. On-chip performance counters effectively resolve this problem by monitoring run-time behaviors at the instruction-level. This paper presents a novel technique of characterizing and modeling workloads at the instruction level for realistic multimedia applications using hardware performance counters. A variety of instruction counts are collected from some multimedia applications, such as RealPlayer, GSM Vocoder, MPEG encoder/decoder, and speech synthesizer. These instruction counts can be used to form a set of abstract characteristic parameters directly related to a processor`s architectural features. Based on microprocessor architectural constraints and these calculated abstract parameters, the architectural performance bottleneck for a specific application can be estimated. Meanwhile, the bottleneck estimation can provide suggestions about viable architectural/functional improvement for certain workloads. The biggest advantage of this new characterization technique is a better understanding of processor utilization efficiency and architectural bottleneck for each application. This technique also provides predictive insight of future architectural enhancements and their affect on current codes. In this paper the authors also attempt to model architectural effect on processor utilization without memory influence. They derive formulas for calculating CPI{sub 0}, CPI without memory effect, and they quantify utilization of architectural parameters. These equations are architecturally diagnostic and predictive in nature. Results provide promise in code characterization, and empirical/analytical modeling.

  10. Using Multimedia Tools to Support Teacher Candidates' Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Ely, Emily; Thomas, Cathy Newman; Pullen, Paige C.; Newton, Jennifer R.; Ashworth, Kristen; Cole, Mira T.; Lovelace, Shelly P.

    2012-01-01

    Content Acquisition Podcasts (CAPs), created using Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning, are a form of instructional technology that can deliver critical course content and be used by teacher educators to conserve limited face-to-face instructional time. In this study, the authors investigate whether the sequence of instruction for CAP…

  11. Using Multimedia Tools to Support Teacher Candidates' Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Michael J.; Ely, Emily; Thomas, Cathy Newman; Pullen, Paige C.; Newton, Jennifer R.; Ashworth, Kristen; Cole, Mira T.; Lovelace, Shelly P.

    2012-01-01

    Content Acquisition Podcasts (CAPs), created using Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning, are a form of instructional technology that can deliver critical course content and be used by teacher educators to conserve limited face-to-face instructional time. In this study, the authors investigate whether the sequence of instruction for CAP…

  12. Bigdata Oriented Multimedia Mobile Health Applications.

    PubMed

    Lv, Zhihan; Chirivella, Javier; Gagliardo, Pablo

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, two mHealth applications are introduced, which can be employed as the terminals of bigdata based health service to collect information for electronic medical records (EMRs). The first one is a hybrid system for improving the user experience in the hyperbaric oxygen chamber by 3D stereoscopic virtual reality glasses and immersive perception. Several HMDs have been tested and compared. The second application is a voice interactive serious game as a likely solution for providing assistive rehabilitation tool for therapists. The recorder of the voice of patients could be analysed to evaluate the long-time rehabilitation results and further to predict the rehabilitation process.

  13. Multimedia computer support for a course in ground control

    SciTech Connect

    Summers, D.A.; Unal, A.

    1996-12-31

    A prototype multimedia compact disc (CD) was created using the facilities at the Rock Mechanics and Explosives Research Center (RMERC) of the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR) to teach a portion of a course in Ground Control. Multimedia computers offer an environment where audio-visual presentations can be made in an interactive fashion. Together with relevant animation clips, video clips, and 3-D representations, the difficulties in describing mining processes and earth structures can be overcome. This paper describes the experience gained in preparing interactive multimedia lectures on computers. The hardware and software used in creating the sound commentary, 3-D graphics, animation clips, video clips, and movies are listed. The structure of the program and how interactivity was achieved is explained in detail. Such an instructional tool is not only an excellent supplement to regular courses but it also is an inexpensive and effective way of providing distance education for mining engineers working at remote locations scattered all over the country.

  14. Delivering Educational Multimedia Contents through an Augmented Reality Application: A Case Study on Its Impact on Knowledge Acquisition and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Lopez, David; Contero, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a study to analyze the use of augmented reality (AR) for delivering multimedia content to support the teaching and learning process of the digestive and circulatory systems at the primary school level, and its impact on knowledge retention. Our AR application combines oral explanations and 3D models and animations of anatomical…

  15. Technology Applications Group Multimedia CD-ROM Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McRacken, Kristi D.

    1995-01-01

    To produce a multimedia CD-ROM for the Technology Applications Group which would present the Technology Opportunity Showcase (TOPS) exhibits and Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) projects to interested companies. The CD-ROM format is being used and developed especially for those companies who do not have Internet access, and cannot directly visit Langley through the World Wide Web. The CD-ROM will include text, pictures, sound, and movies. The information for the CD-ROM will be stored in a database from which the users can query and browse the information, and future CD's can be maintained and updated.

  16. Support for Learning from Multimedia Explanations. A Comparison of Prompting, Signaling, and Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Rodicio, Héctor

    2014-01-01

    In one experiment 97 undergraduate students learned about plate tectonics from a multimedia presentation involving narrated animations and support in one of four forms. Support in the prompting condition included hints inducing participants to self-explain critical information. The signaling condition included overviews recapping critical…

  17. Support for Learning from Multimedia Explanations. A Comparison of Prompting, Signaling, and Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Rodicio, Héctor

    2014-01-01

    In one experiment 97 undergraduate students learned about plate tectonics from a multimedia presentation involving narrated animations and support in one of four forms. Support in the prompting condition included hints inducing participants to self-explain critical information. The signaling condition included overviews recapping critical…

  18. Testing Learner Reliance on Caption Supports in Second Language Listening Comprehension Multimedia Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leveridge, Aubrey Neil; Yang, Jie Chi

    2013-01-01

    Listening comprehension in a second language (L2) is a complex and particularly challenging task for learners. Because of this, L2 learners and instructors alike employ different learning supports as assistance. Captions in multimedia instruction readily provide support and thus have been an ever-increasing focus of many studies. However, captions…

  19. Modeling and Supporting the Authoring Process of Multimedia Simulation Based Educational Software: A Knowledge Engineering Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuyper, Michiel; de Hoog, Robert; de Jong, Ton

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of support for authoring educational software focuses on a shift from attention on activities to products, and describes the SIMQUEST authoring system for designing and creating simulation-based multimedia learning environments that include support for the discovery process of the learner consisting of explanations, assignments, a…

  20. Designing an eMap to Teach Multimedia Applications Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruffini, Michael F.

    2004-01-01

    Teachers and students use multimedia software to create interactive presentations and content projects. Popular multimedia programs include: Microsoft's PowerPoint[R], Knowledge Adventure's HyperStudio[R], and Macromedia's Director MX 2004[R]. Creating multimedia projects engage students in active learning and thinking as they complete projects…

  1. Providing end-to-end QoS for multimedia applications in 3G wireless networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Katherine; Rangarajan, Samapth; Siddiqui, M. A.; Paul, Sanjoy

    2003-11-01

    As the usage of wireless packet data services increases, wireless carriers today are faced with the challenge of offering multimedia applications with QoS requirements within current 3G data networks. End-to-end QoS requires support at the application, network, link and medium access control (MAC) layers. We discuss existing CDMA2000 network architecture and show its shortcomings that prevent supporting multiple classes of traffic at the Radio Access Network (RAN). We then propose changes in RAN within the standards framework that enable support for multiple traffic classes. In addition, we discuss how Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) can be augmented with QoS signaling for supporting end-to-end QoS. We also review state of the art scheduling algorithms at the base station and provide possible extensions to these algorithms to support different classes of traffic as well as different classes of users.

  2. OMARC: An online multimedia application for training health care providers in the assessment of respiratory conditions.

    PubMed

    Meruvia-Pastor, Oscar; Patra, Pranjal; Andres, Karen; Twomey, Creina; Peña-Castillo, Lourdes

    2016-05-01

    OMARC, a multimedia application designed to support the training of health care providers for the identification of common lung sounds heard in a patient's thorax as part of a health assessment, is described and its positive contribution to user learning is assessed. The main goal of OMARC is to effectively help health-care students become familiar with lung sounds as part of the assessment of respiratory conditions. In addition, the application must be easy to use and accessible to students and practitioners over the internet. OMARC was developed using an online platform to facilitate access to users in remote locations. OMARC's unique contribution as an educational software tool is that it presents a narrative about normal and abnormal lung sounds using interactive multimedia and sample case studies designed by professional health-care providers and educators. Its interface consists of two distinct components: a sounds glossary and a rich multimedia interface which presents clinical case studies and provides access to lung sounds placed on a model of a human torso. OMARC's contents can be extended through the addition of sounds and case studies designed by health-care educators and professionals. To validate OMARC and determine its efficacy in improving learning and capture user perceptions about it, we performed a pilot study with ten nursing students. Participants' performance was measured through an evaluation of their ability to identify several normal and adventitious/abnormal sounds prior and after exposure to OMARC. Results indicate that participants are able to better identify different lung sounds, going from an average of 63% (S.D. 18.3%) in the pre-test evaluation to an average of 90% (S.D. of 11.5%) after practising with OMARC. Furthermore, participants indicated in a user satisfaction questionnaire that they found the application helpful, easy to use and that they would recommend it to other persons in their field. OMARC is an online multimedia

  3. Effect of Multimedia Assisted 7e Learning Model Applications on Academic Achievement and Retention in Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarac, Hakan; Tarhan, Devrim

    2017-01-01

    In the rapidly developing age of technology, the contribution of using multimedia-supported instructional materials in the field of teaching technologies to science education has been increasing steadily. The purpose of this research is to compare the multimedia learning instructional materials prepared according to the 7E learning model and the…

  4. Athens 2004 Team Leaders' Attitudes toward the Educational Multimedia Application "Leonidas"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernadakis, Nikolaos; Giannousi, Maria; Derri, Vassiliki; Kellis, Iraklis; Kioumourtzoglou, Efthimis

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the questionnaire Multimedia Attitude Survey (MAS; Garcia, 2001) to the Greek population in order to evaluate the educational multimedia application "Leonidas" considering the attitudes of ATHENS 2004 team leaders. In addition, the differences among the sex were also investigated. Participants were…

  5. MASTERS: A Virtual Lab on Multimedia Systems for Telecommunications, Medical, and Remote Sensing Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexiadis, D. S.; Mitianoudis, N.

    2013-01-01

    Digital signal processing (DSP) has been an integral part of most electrical, electronic, and computer engineering curricula. The applications of DSP in multimedia (audio, image, video) storage, transmission, and analysis are also widely taught at both the undergraduate and post-graduate levels, as digital multimedia can be encountered in most…

  6. MASTERS: A Virtual Lab on Multimedia Systems for Telecommunications, Medical, and Remote Sensing Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexiadis, D. S.; Mitianoudis, N.

    2013-01-01

    Digital signal processing (DSP) has been an integral part of most electrical, electronic, and computer engineering curricula. The applications of DSP in multimedia (audio, image, video) storage, transmission, and analysis are also widely taught at both the undergraduate and post-graduate levels, as digital multimedia can be encountered in most…

  7. A Model to Support Synchronization in Multimedia On-Demand Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saiedina, Hossein; Awad, Mahmoud

    1994-01-01

    Describes a proposed Multimedia On-Demand (MMOD) system architecture that will support MMOD network services and will have the ability to solve presentation synchronization problems caused by either transmission line delay or any mismatch between the data transmission rates or the different parts of the system. (Contains nine references.)…

  8. The Effectiveness of Immersive Multimedia Learning with Peer Support on English Speaking and Reading Aloud

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muslem, Asnawi; Abbas, Merza

    2017-01-01

    This study investigated the impacts of the immersive multimedia learning strategy with peer support on production skills in reading and speaking. Moreover, the effects of it on performance were investigated by student achievement. The quasi-experimental design with post-test was employed for the study. 80 first-year university students enrolled in…

  9. Empowering Teachers to Author Multimedia Learning Resources That Support Students' Critical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holley, Debbie; Boyle, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Students studying Marketing, Fashion, Public Relations, Advertising and similar subjects need to develop a "critical eye" in relation to images, media and digital technologies. This project aims to empower teachers to develop multimedia learning resources that would support students engaging in this essential activity. Developing such…

  10. Developing Bi-Lingual Skills for Translation through an Online Multimedia-Supported Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eser, Oktay; Saltan, Fatih; Ersanli, Ceylan Yangin; Erdem, Gamze

    2016-01-01

    Recent research shows that bi-lingual competence is one of the necessary skills that a translator needs in order to translate (PACTE, 2003). Apart from the mother tongue, a translator must have a command of other working languages. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the online multimedia-supported learning environment concerning…

  11. Advanced mobile multimedia applications: using MPEG-21 and time-dependent metadata.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Sutter, Robbie; Lerouge, Sam; De Neve, Wesley; Lambert, Peter; Van de Walle, Rik

    2003-11-01

    While the price of mobile devices is dropping quickly, the set of features and capabilities of these devices is advancing very dramatically. Because of this, new mobile multimedia applications are conceivable, also thanks to the availability of high speed mobile networks like UMTS and Wireless LAN. However, creating such applications is still difficult due to the huge diversity of features and capabilities of mobile devices. Software developers also have to take into account the rigorous limitation on processing capabilities, display possibilities, and the limited battery life of these devices. On top of that, the availability of the device resources fluctuates strongly during execution of an application, directly and violently influencing the user experience, whereas equivalent fluctuations on traditional desktop PC's are far less prominent. Using new technology like MPEG-4, -7 and -21 can help application developers to overcome these problems. We have created an MPEG-21-based Video-on-Demand application optimized for mobile devices that is aware of the usage environment (i.e., user preference, device capabilities, device conditions, network status, etc.) of the client and adapts the MPEG-4 videos to it. The application is compliant with the Universal Multimedia Access framework, supports Time-Dependent Metadata, and relies on both MPEG-4 and MPEG-21 technology.

  12. The Use of Mobile Technologies in Multimedia-Supported Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duygu Eristi, Suzan; Haseski, Halil Ibrahim; Uluuysal, Betul; Karakoyun, Ferit

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study is to reveal the students' opinions about the use of PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant) in learning environment within the context of multimedia based applications. Through purposeful sampling, 17 undergraduate students attending the elective course of BTO 323 Character Design in Computer Environment in the Department of…

  13. Multimedia Design Principles in the Psychomotor Domain: The Effect of Multimedia and Spatial Contiguity on Students' Learning of Basic Life Support with Task Cards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iserbyt, Peter; Mols, Liesbet; Elen, Jan; Behets, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This study adds to the literature by introducing multimedia research in the psychomotor area. In this study, 87 freshman students in pedagogy used task cards to learn Basic Life Support (BLS), a psychomotor skill consisting of nine lifesaving actions to be performed in a specific order. Task cards are printed materials and are often implemented…

  14. Multimedia Design Principles in the Psychomotor Domain: The Effect of Multimedia and Spatial Contiguity on Students' Learning of Basic Life Support with Task Cards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iserbyt, Peter; Mols, Liesbet; Elen, Jan; Behets, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This study adds to the literature by introducing multimedia research in the psychomotor area. In this study, 87 freshman students in pedagogy used task cards to learn Basic Life Support (BLS), a psychomotor skill consisting of nine lifesaving actions to be performed in a specific order. Task cards are printed materials and are often implemented…

  15. Supporting Speech for Annotation and Asynchronous Discussion of Multimedia Presentations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauer, Tobias; Busl, Sandra

    2007-01-01

    Collaborative learning with recorded lectures and presentations can be supported by allowing users to anchor notes in the documents and exchange them with other learners. While the traditional modality for annotation and discussion is text, there are a number of reasons in favour of supporting other media and modalities as well. We describe the…

  16. Imaging informatics-based multimedia ePR system for data management and decision support in rehabilitation research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ximing; Verma, Sneha; Qin, Yi; Sterling, Josh; Zhou, Alyssa; Zhang, Jeffrey; Martinez, Clarisa; Casebeer, Narissa; Koh, Hyunwook; Winstein, Carolee; Liu, Brent

    2013-03-01

    With the rapid development of science and technology, large-scale rehabilitation centers and clinical rehabilitation trials usually involve significant volumes of multimedia data. Due to the global aging crisis, millions of new patients with age-related chronic diseases will produce huge amounts of data and contribute to soaring costs of medical care. Hence, a solution for effective data management and decision support will significantly reduce the expenditure and finally improve the patient life quality. Inspired from the concept of the electronic patient record (ePR), we developed a prototype system for the field of rehabilitation engineering. The system is subject or patient-oriented and customized for specific projects. The system components include data entry modules, multimedia data presentation and data retrieval. To process the multimedia data, the system includes a DICOM viewer with annotation tools and video/audio player. The system also serves as a platform for integrating decision-support tools and data mining tools. Based on the prototype system design, we developed two specific applications: 1) DOSE (a phase 1 randomized clinical trial to determine the optimal dose of therapy for rehabilitation of the arm and hand after stroke.); and 2) NEXUS project from the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center(RERC, a NIDRR funded Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center). Currently, the system is being evaluated in the context of the DOSE trial with a projected enrollment of 60 participants over 5 years, and will be evaluated by the NEXUS project with 30 subjects. By applying the ePR concept, we developed a system in order to improve the current research workflow, reduce the cost of managing data, and provide a platform for the rapid development of future decision-support tools.

  17. Synchronizing physiological data and video in a telemedicine application: A multimedia approach.

    PubMed

    Lambert, Laurent; Hachicha, Khalil; Ahmed, Syed Zahid; Pinna, Andrea; Garda, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Several medical examinations require that multiple modalities of exams are stored in a synchronized manner. For instance, an EEG exam needs that several physiological signals along with video of the exam are acquired synchronously to aid the neurophysiologists to perform their diagnostics. Furthermore support for telemedicine for such exams have become important in recent years. The existing EDF standard that is used for physiological signals makes it difficult to provide integrated support of adding video and compressed component data, however due to widespread use of EDF standard in the domain, cross compatibility with EDF standard for physiological data is also essential. We present in this work a novel idea to solve these issues. Our approach uses standard multimedia containers in which physiological data are embedded alongside video and audio. This paper provides our analyses of the state of the art of multimedia containers EDF, AVI, ASF, MPEG and MKV and their potentials for a telemedicine application and outlines how MKV stands out as an interesting option in this regard, allowing also capability of compression of physiological data if needed.

  18. An Exploratory Study on Application of Multimedia Technology in College English Teaching and Learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Aiqin

    Nowadays, the application of multimedia technology is most widely used in College English teaching and learning in China. Considerable money had been invested to better the technical equipments, such as multimedia classroom, computers recently, which meet each student needs. The effectiveness of multimedia has been made obvious by many teachers and students, however, it remains a controversial issue. The advantages and disadvantages in the use of multimedia technology are always being argued. It seems urgent and necessary to evaluate this new teaching mode, so the writer designed a questionnaire to seek the students' attitudinal data concerning the multimedia effectiveness. The data collected from the subjects of 150 non-English majors students, using the Experiencing English learning system and College English Integrated Course (New Edition) on CD-ROM. After statistical analysis to the valid questionnaires, the results are as follows: the students prefer multimedia to traditional teaching mode which indicate it is useful and helpful; but they do not have multimedia as a worthwhile replacement of traditional teaching modes; they generally perceive the learning on the system effective, but it will have a long way to go and attain to maturity, because the complex relationships between the teachers and the courseware, the students and courseware should be coordinated, producing a compound object among the teacher-student as well as the courseware.

  19. Implementation of on-demand QoS allocation system over IP for multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Dongwook; Yi, Donghoon; Kim, Yoonyoung; Yun, Kyungae; Kim, JongWon; Jung, Sangkil; Byeon, Okhwan

    2003-11-01

    To support diverse transmission requirements of multimedia applications, Quality of Service (QoS) should be provided in the Internet, where only the best-effort service is available. Based on the bandwidth broker model for realizing the IETF differentiated service (DiffServ), in this paper, we describe our recent effort on the implementation and verification of an extendable and flexible QoS allocation and resource management system. Focusing on the bandwidth issue over single administrative domain, the implemented system provides real-time resource reservation and allocation, delayed call admission control, simple QoS negotiation between server and user, and simple resource monitoring. The implemented system is verified by evaluating the performance of a resource-intensive application over the real-world testbed network.

  20. Supporting Learning with Interactive Multimedia through Active Integration of Representations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodemer, Daniel; Ploetzner, Rolf; Bruchmuller, Katrin; Hacker, Sonja

    2005-01-01

    When learners explore dynamic and interactive visualisations they are often not able to interact with them in a systematic and goal-oriented way. Frequently, even supporting learners in processes of discovery learning does not lead to better learning outcomes. This can be due to missing pre-requisite knowledge such as the coherent mental…

  1. [Multimedia educational material. A tool of support to the Otolaryngology training].

    PubMed

    Alvarez Marcos, C A; Llorente Pendás, J L; Martínez Nistal, A; Lana Fernández, A; Granda González, E; Sampedro Nuño, A; Suárez Nieto, C

    2005-01-01

    Due to multimedia technologies, the medical information has taken an extraordinary growing. Nevertheless, the education at University will turn out to be a more complex pedagogic process. We present a multimedia educational material (MEM), developed as an online course to "Seminars of Otolaryngology", and available free at the University website. MEM was designed and edited by, ENT teachers, pedagogues, and image and computer experts. It has been structured as a series of modules that integrate texts, images, movie clips, video, audio and animations. The schematic presentation stands out with progressive access to the topics through internal and external links. The pedagogic resources give additional support by learning objectives, glossary, references, index and searcher. Finally, the activities and instrumental simulations complete the training in diagnosis and treatment. The MEM is an interactive useful software program for medical training in Otolaryngology, without avoiding the key figure of the teacher.

  2. Development of a decision support system for Prioritization of multimedia dischargers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keyes, Allison M.; Palmer, Richard N.

    1993-09-01

    In 1990 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began sponsoring several pilot projects in its regional offices to examine the potential benefits of adopting a multimedia approach to facility management. This approach differs from traditional practices at EPA in that facilities (dischargers regulated under permits issued by the agency) are managed based upon their cumulative impacts to all media: air, water, and land. Currently, facilities are managed by separate programs at EPA that evaluate environmental impacts from a single-media perspective. One aspect of discharger management is the necessity to allocate limited financial resources in a way that will minimize risk to human health and the environment. A careful, risk-based prioritization of facilities is one means of providing insight to the most effective strategy of allocating monitoring, inspection, and enforcement resources. Prioritization from a multimedia perspective is particularly difficult, however, since it requires translation and integration of medium-specific facility performances, management objectives, and perceptions of risk into a cumulative rating. A computerized decision support system (DSS) designed to guide management through the prioritization process from a multimedia perspective was identified as a potentially valuable tool for use in the pilot projects. This article describes the development of such a prototype, outlines the features of the completed system, and discusses its potential for use at EPA.

  3. QoS Adaptation in Multimedia Multicast Conference Applications for E-Learning Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deusdado, Sérgio; Carvalho, Paulo

    2006-01-01

    The evolution of the World Wide Web service has incorporated new distributed multimedia conference applications, powering a new generation of e-learning development and allowing improved interactivity and prohuman relations. Groupware applications are increasingly representative in the Internet home applications market, however, the Quality of…

  4. [Multimedia application in mobile platform for teaching the measurement of central venous pressure].

    PubMed

    Galvão, Elizabeth Correia Ferreira; Püschel, Vilanice Alves Araújo

    2012-10-01

    This study aimed to develop and assess an application software for the teaching of the procedure Manual Measurement of the Central Venous Pressure which can be used in mobile devices. The research was conducted in three phases (Survey of needs; Methodology for multimedia application development and evaluation of the multimedia application).The multimedia was the method chosen because it favors an encouraging and dynamic environment, as it integrates images and texts into an application software available for cell phones, constituting a mobile and autonomous means for learning. The research allowed to demonstrate the feasibility of the development from this pedagogical tool and open up prospects for believing that, in Nursing education, the technology available can uncover new ways of learning in a meaningful manner.

  5. Multimedia technologies in education.

    PubMed

    Liaskos, Joseph; Diomidus, Marianna

    2002-01-01

    In general multimedia is the combination of visual and audio representations. These representations could include elements of texts, graphic arts, sound, animation, and video. However, multimedia is restricted in such systems where information is digitalized and is processed by a computer. Interactive multimedia and hypermedia consist of multimedia applications that the user has more active role. Education is perhaps the most useful destination for multimedia and the place where multimedia has the most effective applications, as it enriches the learning process. Multimedia both in nursing education and in medical informatics education has several applications as well. A multimedia project can be developed even as a "stand alone" application (on CD-ROM), or on World Wide Web pages on Internet. However several technical constraints exist for developing multimedia applications on Internet. For developing multimedia projects we need hardware and software, talent and skill. The software requirements for multimedia development consist of one or more authoring systems and various editing applications for text, images, sounds and video. In this chapter different software tools for creating multimedia applications are presented. In the last part of this chapter, two examples of multimedia educational training programs are discussed. Both are "stand alone" applications (CD-ROMs). The first, examines several aspects of the electronic patient record by using videos, audio descriptions, lectures and glossary, while the second one presents several topics regarding epidemiology and epidemiological research by using graphics, sound and animation.

  6. Application of Multimedia Technologies to Enhance Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Wendy; Smith, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    Educators' use of multimedia enhances the online learning experience by presenting content in a combination of audio, video, graphics, and text in various formats to address a range of student learning styles. Many personnel preparation programs in visual impairments have turned to online education to serve students over a larger geographic area.…

  7. Multimedia Applications in Heterogeneous Internet/ATM Environments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Lars C.

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of multimedia systems focuses on interaction approaches for the quality of service (QoS) architectures developed for the Internet and for asynchronous transfer mode (ATM). Highlights include interactions, videoconferencing, video on demand, a comparison of the ATM and IntServ QoS architectures, interaction models, and subordination…

  8. A quality of service negotiation procedure for distributed multimedia presentational applications

    SciTech Connect

    Hafid, A.; Bochmann, G.V.; Kerherve, B.

    1996-12-31

    Most of current approaches in designing and implementing distributed multimedia (MM) presentational applications, e.g. news-on-demand, have concentrated on the performance of the continuous media file servers in terms of seek time overhead, and real-time disk scheduling; particularly the QoS negotiation mechanisms they provide are used in a rather static manner that is, these mechanisms are restricted to the evaluation of the capacity of certain system components, e.g. file server a priori known to support a specific quality of service (QoS). In contrast to those approaches, we propose a general QoS negotiation framework that supports the dynamic choice of a configuration of system components to support the QoS requirements of the user of a specific application: we consider different possible system configurations and select an optimal one to provide the appropriate QoS support. In this paper we document the design and implementation of a QoS negotiation procedure for distributed MM presentational applications, such as news-on-demand. The negotiation procedure described here is an instantiation of the general framework for QoS negotiation which was developed earlier Our proposal differs in many respect with the negotiation functions provided by existing approaches: (1) the negotiation process uses an optimization approach to find a configuration of system components which supports the user requirements, (2) the negotiation process supports the negotiation of a MM document and not only a single monomedia object, (3) the QoS negotiation takes into account the cost to the user, and (4) the negotiation process may be used to support automatic adaptation to react to QoS degradations, without intervention by the user/application.

  9. Improving Preservice Teachers' Knowledge and Application of Functional Behavioral Assessments Using Multimedia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsch, Shanna Eisner; Kennedy, Michael J.; Haines, Shana J.; Thomas, Cathy Newman; Alves, Kat D.

    2015-01-01

    Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is an empirically supported intervention associated with decreasing problem behavior and increasing appropriate behavior. To date, few studies have examined multimedia approaches to FBA training. This paper provides the outcomes of a randomized controlled trial across three university sites and evaluates…

  10. Preservice Teachers' Application of a Problem-Solving Approach on Multimedia Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilbane, Clare R.

    2008-01-01

    This study explored the use of case-based pedagogy to promote preservice teachers' problem-solving proficiency. Students in a web-supported course called CaseNEX learned to use a problem-solving approach when analyzing multimedia case studies. Their performance was compared with students in two groups who had no exposure to case methods--other…

  11. The Application of Flash in Web-Based Multimedia Courseware Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jun; Wang, Zu-Yuan; Wu, Yuren

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce some new functions achieved in a web-based multimedia courseware, which is developed by Flash software and used by part-time graduate students. Design/methodology/approach: The courseware uses Adobe Flash CS3 as its development software, which supports Actionscript language, FMS and FLV technology…

  12. The Application of Flash in Web-Based Multimedia Courseware Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jun; Wang, Zu-Yuan; Wu, Yuren

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce some new functions achieved in a web-based multimedia courseware, which is developed by Flash software and used by part-time graduate students. Design/methodology/approach: The courseware uses Adobe Flash CS3 as its development software, which supports Actionscript language, FMS and FLV technology…

  13. [Applications and advantages of a multimedia system for autopsies ].

    PubMed

    Gualco, M; Benzi, D; Fulcheri, E

    2001-10-01

    This work evaluates the benefits and applications of computers and multimedia systems in post-mortem examination practice and, more in particular, in the definition of data collection protocols. We examined issues concerning the different aims of autopsy (e.g. diagnostic, scientific, educational, legal), and found that the pathologist's main duty is to acquire a large amount of data in the best possible way. However, despite the will to carry out detailed post-mortem examinations, many pathologic anatomy services face objective difficulties in doing so, especially due to understaffing, lack of time and high costs. The Institute for Pathologic Anatomy of the University of Genoa has developed software for data handling and for outcome reporting, a particularly important aspect in fetal-perinatal diagnosis. The system consists of a relational database in a client-server environment (Fourth Dimension) with two integrated parts. The first part, with unrestricted access, contains patients' personal data, including gender, age, time and date of death, hospital department of origin, person and department requiring the post-mortem examination, hour and time of autopsy, pathologist's name, and clinical diagnosis of death. Using a scanner, a copy of the autopsy application is also field, together with the patient's medical file and any diagnostic images useful to document the case history. The second part of the information system is accessible by pathologists only, and contains the autopsy report. This part is organized to balance two different needs: it allows sufficient space and freedom for autopsy description while providing guidelines for presentation of the report. The structure of the conventional autopsy protocol has been maintained, with subdivisions for all the organs and apparatuses according to topographic criteria. Before this part, a section is dedicated to external cadaver examination and anthropometric data; weight, shape, volume and texture are described for

  14. Classroom Use of Multimedia-Supported Predict Observe Explain Tasks in a Social Constructivist Learning Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kearney, Matthew

    2004-08-01

    This paper focuses on the use of multimedia-based predict-observe-explain (POE) tasks to facilitate small group learning conversations. Although the tasks were given to pairs of students as a diagnostic tool to elicit their pre-instructional physics conceptions, they also provided a peer learning opportunity for students. The study adopted a social constructivist perspective to analyse and interpret the students conversations, focussing on students articulation and justification of their own science conceptions, clarification of and critical reflection on their partners views, and negotiation of new, shared meanings. Two senior science classes participated in this interpretive study. Data sources were mainly qualitative and included audio and video recordings of students small group discussions at the computer, interviews with selected students and their teachers, classroom observations, and student surveys. Findings indicate that the computer-based POE tasks supported students peer learning conversations, particularly during the prediction, reasoning and observation stages of the POE strategy. The increased level of student control of the POE tasks, combined with the multimedia nature of the program, initiated quality peer discussions. The findings have implications for authentic, technology-mediated learning in science.

  15. Multimedia Instructional Tools' Impact on Student Motivation and Learning Strategies in Computer Applications Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Debra; Wang, Shuyan

    2015-01-01

    Multimedia instructional tools (MMIT) have been identified as a way effectively and economically present instructional material. MMITs are commonly used in introductory computer applications courses as MMITs should be effective in increasing student knowledge and positively impact motivation and learning strategies, without increasing costs. This…

  16. Application of Online Multimedia Courseware in College English Teaching Based on Constructivism Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Zhenying

    2012-01-01

    Based on Constructivism Theory, this paper aims to investigate the application of online multimedia courseware to college English teaching. By making experiments and students' feedback, some experience has been accumulated, and some problems are discovered and certain revelations are acquired as well in English teaching practice, which pave the…

  17. Multimedia Instructional Tools' Impact on Student Motivation and Learning Strategies in Computer Applications Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Debra; Wang, Shuyan

    2015-01-01

    Multimedia instructional tools (MMIT) have been identified as a way effectively and economically present instructional material. MMITs are commonly used in introductory computer applications courses as MMITs should be effective in increasing student knowledge and positively impact motivation and learning strategies, without increasing costs. This…

  18. Stackable middleware services for advanced multimedia applications. Final report for period July 14, 1999 - July 14, 2001

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, Wu-chi; Crawfis, Roger, Weide, Bruce

    2002-02-01

    In this project, the authors propose the research, development, and distribution of a stackable component-based multimedia streaming protocol middleware service. The goals of this stackable middleware interface include: (1) The middleware service will provide application writers and scientists easy to use interfaces that support their visualization needs. (2) The middleware service will support a variety of image compression modes. Currently, many of the network adaptation protocols for video have been developed with DCT-based compression algorithms like H.261, MPEG-1, or MPEG-2 in mind. It is expected that with advanced scientific computing applications that the lossy compression of the image data will be unacceptable in certain instances. The middleware service will support several in-line lossless compression modes for error-sensitive scientific visualization data. (3) The middleware service will support two different types of streaming video modes: one for interactive collaboration of scientists and a stored video streaming mode for viewing prerecorded animations. The use of two different streaming types will allow the quality of the video delivered to the user to be maximized. Most importantly, this service will happen transparently to the user (with some basic controls exported to the user for domain specific tweaking). In the spirit of layered network protocols (like ISO and TCP/IP), application writers should not have to know a large amount about lower level network details. Currently, many example video streaming players have their congestion management techniques tightly integrated into the video player itself and are, for the most part, ''one-off'' applications. As more networked multimedia and video applications are written in the future, a larger percentage of these programmers and scientist will most likely know little about the underlying networking layer. By providing a simple, powerful, and semi-transparent middleware layer, the successful

  19. Overview of image security techniques with applications in multimedia systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolfgang, Raymond B.; Delp, Edward J., III

    1998-02-01

    The growth of networked multimedia system has created a need for the copyright protection of digital images and video. Copyright protection involves the authentication of image content and/or ownership. This can be used to identify illegal copies of an image. One approach is to mark an image by adding an invisible structure known as a digital watermark to the image. Techniques of incorporating such a watermark into digital images include spatial-domain techniques, transform-domain algorithms and sub-band filtering approaches.

  20. A GIS-based multimedia watershed model: development and application.

    PubMed

    Coulibaly, Lansana; Labib, Mohamed E; Hazen, Robert

    2004-05-01

    A multimedia model was developed using publicly available geographical information system (GIS) data, chemical release information and local monitoring networks to assess the fate of trichloroethene (TCE) within the Passaic River Watershed. Seven environmental media, air, water, sediment, surface soil, terrestrial vegetation, root zone soil and vadose zone soil, were modeled in this study along with their sub-compartments. The Passaic River Watershed is described using the NJDEP geographical information system (GIS) resources, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the United States Soil Conservation Services (US SCS) soil data. The introduction of spatial resolution to a multimedia, unsteady state model is performed in this work, and represents an important step in expanding the use of equilibrium models to provide far reaching information on the fate of toxic contaminants within a given environmental unit. The spatial representation of cross-boundary fluxes was successfully demonstrated with the use of sub-watershed as an environmental unit and the direct assessment of TCE for each of the 11 sub-watersheds that make up the Passaic River Basin in northern New Jersey. Important data gaps identified during the development of this model include the lack of comprehensive monitoring data on organic contaminants, and non-uniformity among available physical environmental data from different government agencies.

  1. Multimedia Storybooks: Supporting Vocabulary for Students Who Are Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donne, Vicki; Briley, Margaret L.

    2015-01-01

    A single case study examined the use of multimedia storybooks on the vocabulary acquisition of 7 preschool students who are deaf/hard of hearing in two classrooms at a school for the deaf in the U.S. Participants also included 3 speech-language pathologists. Students spent an average of 7.1 minutes daily working with the multimedia storybooks and…

  2. Development and validation of a theory-based multimedia application for educating Persian patients on hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Feizalahzadeh, Hossein; Tafreshi, Mansoureh Zagheri; Moghaddasi, Hamid; Farahani, Mansoureh A; Khosrovshahi, Hamid Tayebi; Zareh, Zahra; Mortazavi, Fakhrsadat

    2014-05-01

    Although patients on hemodialysis require effective education for self-care, several issues associated with the process raise barriers that make learning difficult. Computer-based education can reduce these problems and improve the quality of education. This study aims to develop and validate a theory-based multimedia application to educate Persian patients on hemodialysis. The study consisted of five phases: (1) content development, (2) prototype development 1, (3) evaluation by users, (4) evaluation by a multidisciplinary group of experts, and (5) prototype development 2. Data were collected through interviews and literature review with open-ended questions and two survey forms that consisted of a five-level scale. In the Results section, patient needs on hemodialysis self-care and related content were categorized into seven sections, including kidney function and failure, hemodialysis, vascular access, nutrition, medication, physical activity, and living with hemodialysis. The application designed includes seven modules consisting of user-controlled small multimedia units. During navigation through this application, the users were provided step-by-step information on self-care. Favorable scores were obtained from evaluations by users and experts. The researchers concluded that this application can facilitate hemodialysis education and learning process for the patients by focusing on their self-care needs using the multimedia design principles.

  3. Video quality measurement for multimedia applications using reduced-reference signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Chulhee; Lee, Sangwook; Lee, Jonghwa; Lee, Kwon; Choi, Hyunsoo; Seo, Guiwon; Park, Jonggeun

    2011-06-01

    As more multimedia services have become increasingly available over networks where bandwidth is not always guaranteed, quality monitoring has become an important issue. For instance, quality of experience and quality monitoring have become important problems in internet protocol television applications, since transmission errors may introduce all kinds of additional video quality degradations. In this paper, we present a reduced-reference objective model for video quality measurements in multimedia applications. The proposed method first measures edge degradations that are critical for perceptual video quality and then considers transmission error effects. We compared the proposed method with some existing methods. Independent verifications confirmed that the proposed method showed good performance and consequently it was included in an International Telecommunication Union recommendation. The proposed method can be used to monitor video quality at receivers while requiring minimum usage of additional bandwidth.

  4. iRide: A Cooperative Sensor and IP Multimedia Subsystem Based Architecture and Application for ITS Road Safety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elkotob, Muslim; Osipov, Evgeny

    In this paper we present iRide (intelligent ride), an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) application for warning drivers about hazardous situations on the road. iRide takes real-time information about road conditions and traffic situations from a wireless sensor network installed directly in the road surface. Upon logging to the iRide system, users start to receive periodic updates about the situation on the road along their route ahead. iRide is able to predict hazardous situations like slippery surface or dangerous distance to the nearest car and help drivers avoid accidents. We describe the service and the supporting network architecture of iRide. We discuss the major challenges associated with designing an IMS application for ITS, an intelligent transport system. Having a prototype implementation working on a small scale, we take it to the next step to perform system dimensioning and then verify the feasibility of having such a system using OPNET simulations.

  5. Design and placement of multimedia objects in hypermedia applications on hierarchical storage systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tikekar, Rahul V.; Fotouhi, Farshad A.; Ragan, Don P.

    1999-08-01

    Hypermedia applications use multimedia objects that are linked to each other via some application logic. Also, hypermedia applications can potentially become very storage intensive because of the nature of data in them. Hierarchical storage systems are an excellent way to store large hypermedia applications. In this paper we look, at the problem of placing multimedia objects in a hierarchical storage system so that their retrieval meets the needs of the application while at the same time keeping storage intensive data on cheaper storage. We use an abstract hierarchy approach along with an enhancement of the relationship management methodology to prose a framework for the design of hypermedia applications. The abstract hierarchy consists of a hierarchy of abstracts growing in size and linked together. The intrinsic nature of the abstract hierarchy makes it possible to map it easily to both the hierarchical storage system and the hypermedia application paradigm. In this framework, the designer can determine where each abstract of the application can be placed on the storage system.

  6. Multithreaded User Space Multiprotocols: Experiments with Collaborative Multimedia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-07-01

    This research is motivated by emerging virtual collaboratories, distributed multimedia, and scalable distributed computing applications on modern...enhanced multithreaded distributed computing . This is mainly due to its portability, efficiency and support for thread-migration. Ariadne has been used

  7. Date Flow Optimization of Dynamically Coarse Grain Reconfigurable Architecture for Multimedia Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Xinning; Mei, Chen; Cao, Peng; Zhu, Min; Shi, Longxing

    This paper proposes a novel sub-architecture to optimize the data flow of REMUS-II (REconfigurable MUltimedia System 2), a dynamically coarse grain reconfigurable architecture. REMUS-II consists of a µPU (Micro-Processor Unit) and two RPUs (Reconfigurable Processor Unit), which are used to speeds up control-intensive tasks and data-intensive tasks respectively. The parallel computing capability and flexibility of REMUS-II makes itself an excellent candidate to process multimedia applications, which require a large amount of memory accesses. In this paper, we specifically optimize the data flow to deal with those performance-hazard and energy-hungry memory accessing in order to meet the bandwidth requirement of parallel computing. The RPU internal memory could work in multiple modes, like 2D-access mode and transformation mode, according to different multimedia access patterns. This novel design can improve the performance up to 26% compared to traditional on-chip memory. Meanwhile, the block buffer is implemented to optimize the off-chip data flow through reducing off-chip memory accesses, which reducing up to 43% compared to direct DDR access. Based on RTL simulation, REMUS-II can achieve 1080p@30fps of H.264 High Profile@ Level 4 and High Level MPEG2 at 200MHz clock frequency. The REMUS-II is implemented into 23.7mm2 silicon on TSMC 65nm logic process with a 400MHz maximum working frequency.

  8. Model-Driven Development of Interactive Multimedia Applications with MML

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pleuss, Andreas; Hussmann, Heinrich

    There is an increasing demand for high-quality interactive applications which combine complex application logic with a sophisticated user interface, making use of individual media objects like graphics, animations, 3D graphics, audio or video. Their development is still challenging as it requires the integration of software design, user interface design, and media design.

  9. Deciding among interactive multimedia technologies.

    PubMed

    Locatis, C

    1995-01-01

    The history of multimedia technology is reviewed briefly as are some current health science applications. Multimedia hardware and software are discussed. Cost and benefits of current interactive multimedia technologies are assessed and key factors affecting their successful application are identified and described.

  10. Improvement of the user interface of multimedia applications by automatic display layout

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lueders, Peter; Ernst, Rolf

    1995-03-01

    Multimedia research has mainly focussed on real-time data capturing and display combined with compression, storage and transmission of these data. However, there is another problem considering real-time selecting and arranging a possibly large amount of data from multiple media on the computer screen together with textual and graphical data of regular software. This problem has already been known from complex software systems, such as CASE and hypertest, and will even be aggravated in multimedia systems. The aim of our work is to alleviate the user from the burden of continuously selecting, placing and sizing windows and their contents, but without introducing solutions limited to only few applications. We present an experimental system which controls the computer screen contents and layouts, directed by a user and/or tool provided information filter and prioritization. To be application independent, the screen layout is based on general layout optimization algorithms adapted from the VLSI layout which are controlled by application specific objective functions. In this paper, we discuss the problems of a comprehensible screen layout including the stability of optical information in time, the information filtering, the layout algorithms and the adaptation of the objective function to include a specific application. We give some examples of different standard applications with layout problems ranging from hierarchical graph layout to window layout. The results show that the automatic tool independent display layout will be possible in a real time interactive environment.

  11. 75 FR 49528 - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Networking and Multimedia Group (“NMG”) Excluding the Multimedia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ... Employment and Training Administration Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Networking and Multimedia Group (``NMG..., applicable to workers of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc., Networking and Multimedia Group (``NMG''), excluding... design and engineering services for chips used in networking and multimedia products. The company...

  12. Multimedia Information eXchange for I-NET, Inc. at the Kennedy Space Center: A continuing study of the application of worldwideweb technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Metcalf, David

    1995-01-01

    Multimedia Information eXchange (MIX) is a multimedia information system that accommodates multiple data types and provides consistency across platforms. Information from all over the world can be accessed quickly and efficiently with the Internet-based system. I-NET's MIX uses the World Wide Web and Mosaic graphical user interface. Mosaic is available on all platforms used at I-NET's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) facilities. Key information system design concepts and benefits are reviewed. The MIX system also defines specific configuration and helper application parameters to ensure consistent operations across the entire organization. Guidelines and procedures for other areas of importance in information systems design are also addressed. Areas include: code of ethics, content, copyright, security, system administration, and support.

  13. Multimedia Information eXchange for I-NET, Inc. at the Kennedy Space Center: A continuing study of the application of worldwideweb technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Metcalf, David

    1995-01-01

    Multimedia Information eXchange (MIX) is a multimedia information system that accommodates multiple data types and provides consistency across platforms. Information from all over the world can be accessed quickly and efficiently with the Internet-based system. I-NET's MIX uses the World Wide Web and Mosaic graphical user interface. Mosaic is available on all platforms used at I-NET's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) facilities. Key information system design concepts and benefits are reviewed. The MIX system also defines specific configuration and helper application parameters to ensure consistent operations across the entire organization. Guidelines and procedures for other areas of importance in information systems design are also addressed. Areas include: code of ethics, content, copyright, security, system administration, and support.

  14. The Impact of Mobile Multimedia Applications on Data Center Consolidation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    the sensing and user interaction capabilities of mobile devices. Mobile participation in server-based multiplayer games such as Doom 3 is another use...real-time” (i.e., not turn-based) games . FLUID is implemented as a multithreaded Linux application. To ensure a good interactive experience, the...from online schedules, travel information, real-time tracking, explicit user guidance, etc.) to pre-provision Level 2 data centers. A second approach is

  15. Environmental Support Hypothesis in Designing Multimedia Training for Older Adults: Is Less Always More?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pachman, Mariya; Ke, Fengfeng

    2012-01-01

    This study explores younger and older adults learning of MS Publisher functionalities from a multimedia tutorial. Twenty younger and twenty three older adults assigned to a redundant (experimental) or non-redundant (control) condition were taught how to create a greeting card, while the results of their learning were assessed with immediate and…

  16. Designing a Computer Support System for Multimedia Curriculum Development in Shanghai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Qiyun; Nieveen, Nienke; van den Akker, Jan

    2007-01-01

    The CASCADE-MUCH system was designed to help teacher-designers in Shanghai, China with the development of instructional scenarios for multimedia curricula. After four rounds of prototyping, a summative evaluation was carried out to assess practicality. Results showed that the system was practical for the intended target users in Shanghai and also…

  17. Supporting Oral Narrative Development of Kindergarten English Language Learners Using Multimedia Stories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Sha

    2016-01-01

    Narrative ability comes before literacy for bilingual students and helps narrow down the gap in text-level literacy between English language learners (ELLs) and native English speakers. Kindergarten ELLs are the best age group to receive intervention to improve their oral narrative skills. Multimedia stories have potential to assist kindergarten…

  18. Multipoint Multimedia Conferencing System with Group Awareness Support and Remote Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osawa, Noritaka; Asai, Kikuo

    2008-01-01

    A multipoint, multimedia conferencing system called FocusShare is described that uses IPv6/IPv4 multicasting for real-time collaboration, enabling video, audio, and group awareness information to be shared. Multiple telepointers provide group awareness information and make it easy to share attention and intention. In addition to pointing with the…

  19. Supporting Oral Narrative Development of Kindergarten English Language Learners Using Multimedia Stories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Sha

    2016-01-01

    Narrative ability comes before literacy for bilingual students and helps narrow down the gap in text-level literacy between English language learners (ELLs) and native English speakers. Kindergarten ELLs are the best age group to receive intervention to improve their oral narrative skills. Multimedia stories have potential to assist kindergarten…

  20. Supporting Student Differences in Listening Comprehension and Vocabulary Learning with Multimedia Annotations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Linda C.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes how effectively multimedia learning environments can assist second language (L2) students of different spatial and verbal abilities with listening comprehension and vocabulary learning. In particular, it explores how written and pictorial annotations interacted with high/low spatial and verbal ability learners and thus…

  1. Multimedia applications in nursing curriculum: the process of producing streaming videos for medication administration skills.

    PubMed

    Sowan, Azizeh K

    2014-07-01

    Streaming videos (SVs) are commonly used multimedia applications in clinical health education. However, there are several negative aspects related to the production and delivery of SVs. Only a few published studies have included sufficient descriptions of the videos and the production process and design innovations. This paper describes the production of innovative SVs for medication administration skills for undergraduate nursing students at a public university in Jordan and focuses on the ethical and cultural issues in producing this type of learning resource. The curriculum development committee approved the modification of educational techniques for medication administration procedures to include SVs within an interactive web-based learning environment. The production process of the videos adhered to established principles for "protecting patients' rights when filming and recording" and included: preproduction, production and postproduction phases. Medication administration skills were videotaped in a skills laboratory where they are usually taught to students and also in a hospital setting with real patients. The lab videos included critical points and Do's and Don'ts and the hospital videos fostered real-world practices. The range of time of the videos was reasonable to eliminate technical difficulty in access. Eight SVs were produced that covered different types of the medication administration skills. The production of SVs required the collaborative efforts of experts in IT, multimedia, nursing and informatics educators, and nursing care providers. Results showed that the videos were well-perceived by students, and the instructors who taught the course. The process of producing the videos in this project can be used as a valuable framework for schools considering utilizing multimedia applications in teaching. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Multimedia Technology and Indigenous Language Revitalization: Practical Educational Tools and Applications Used within Native Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galla, Candace Kaleimamoowahinekapu

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation reports findings from a study documenting the use of multimedia technology among Indigenous language communities to assist language learners, speakers, instructors, and institutions learn about multimedia technologies that have contributed to Indigenous language revitalization, education, documentation, preservation, and…

  3. 76 FR 27355 - Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... of Justice Programs Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection... public, the ``Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and... representatives, law enforcement agencies and organizations, research, development and scientific communities,...

  4. An example of multimedia application for introducing renewable energy sources (RES) in an office environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karras, Ioannis; Zevgolis, Dimitrios; Kambezidis, Harry D.

    2010-05-01

    The creation of a simple or an interactive multimedia (MM) system can improve the presentation of a project and, in the case of the conservation of energy, it can highlight the numerous possibilities of the RES and help non-expert users be acquainted with them. The use of text, graphics, images, animations, video, and sound provides a more impressive and more complete way of presentation. This paper focuses on the development and implementation of an MM application for the saving of energy in a working place through the use of photovoltaic elements, a wind generator and geothermal heat exchanger. In particular, the mentioned RES, the MM applications together with all the special features that safeguard their proper function are illustrated and included in the present application. The study reveals: - The importance of RES. - The appropriateness of the MM presentation for informing potential users. - The appropriateness of the MM application in physics classes related to RES resources and RES exploitation.

  5. Participatory Multimedia Learning: Engaging Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiili, Kristian

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a participatory multimedia learning model for use in designing multimedia learning environments that support an active learning process, creative participation, and learner engagement. Participatory multimedia learning can be defined as learning with systems that enable learners to produce part of the…

  6. Multimedia Technologies. Desk Reference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA. Center for Special Education Technology.

    This annotated bibliography was developed as a result of a May, 1991, Technology Seminar on Multimedia, and is intended to provide researchers with an overview of the literature pertaining to the development of multimedia technology, innovative applications, design, and implementation issues as well as with descriptions of major multimedia…

  7. An enriched multimedia eBook application to facilitate learning of anatomy.

    PubMed

    Stirling, Allan; Birt, James

    2014-01-01

    This pilot study compared the use of an enriched multimedia eBook with traditional methods for teaching the gross anatomy of the heart and great vessels. Seventy-one first-year students from an Australian medical school participated in the study. Students' abilities were examined by pretest, intervention, and post-test measurements. Perceptions and attitudes toward eBook technology were examined by survey questions. Results indicated a strongly positive user experience coupled with increased marks; however, there were no statistically significant results for the eBook method of delivery alone outperforming the traditional anatomy practical session. Results did show a statistically significant difference in the final marks achieved based on the sequencing of the learning modalities. With initial interaction with the multimedia content followed by active experimentation in the anatomy lab, students' performance was improved in the final test. Obtained data support the role of eBook technology in modern anatomy curriculum being a useful adjunct to traditional methods. Further study is needed to investigate the importance of sequencing of teaching interventions. © 2013 American Association of Anatomists.

  8. Management of ATM-based networks supporting multimedia medical information systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitman, Robert A.; Blaine, G. James; Fritz, Kevin; Goodgold, Ken; Heisinger, Patrick

    1997-05-01

    Medical information systems are acquiring the ability to collect and deliver many different types of medical information. In support of the increased network demands necessitated by these expanded capabilities, asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) based networks are being deployed in medical care systems. While ATM supplies a much greater line rate than currently deployed networks, the management and standards surrounding ATM are yet to mature. This paper explores the management and control issues surrounding an ATM network supporting medical information systems, and examines how management impacts network performance and robustness. A multivendor ATM network at the BJC Health System/Washington University and the applications using the network are discussed. Performance information for specific applications is presented and analyzed. Network management's influence on application reliability is outlined. The information collected is used to show how ATM network standards and management tools influence network reliability and performance. Performance of current applications using the ATM network is discussed. Special attention is given to issues encountered in implementation of hypertext transfer protocol over ATM internet protocol (IP) communications. A classical IP ATM implementation yields greater than twenty percent higher network performance over LANE. Maximum performance for a host's suite of applications can be obtained by establishing multiple individually engineered IP links through its ATM network connection.

  9. Controlling QoS in a collaborative multimedia environment

    SciTech Connect

    Alfano, M.; Sigle, R.

    1996-12-31

    A collaborative multimedia environment allows users to work remotely on common projects by sharing applications (e.g., CAD tools, text editors, white boards) and simultaneously communicate audiovisually. Several dedicated applications (e.g., MBone tools) exist for transmitting video, audio and data between users. Due to the fact that they have been developed for the Internet which does not provide any Quality of Service (QoS) guarantee, these applications do not or only partially support specification of QoS requirements by the user. In addition, they all come with different user interfaces. In this paper we first discuss the problems that we experienced both at the host and network levels when executing a multimedia application and varying its resource requirements. We then present the architectural details of a collaborative multimedia environment (CME) that we have been developing in order to help a user to set up and control a collaborative multimedia session.

  10. Paper trails, trailing behind: improving informed consent to IVF through multimedia applications

    PubMed Central

    Madeira, Jody Lyneé; Andraka-Christou, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    Though intended to educate patients on the risks, benefits, side effects and alternatives within medical treatment, informed consent documents may have unanticipated consequences for patients. Patients may regard these forms as little more than a ritual to access treatment. Or patients may perceive that these forms exist to protect doctors rather than to contribute to a meaningful, patient-protective educational interaction. To rehabilitate the informed consent project, this essay considers the baggage that informed consent documents have acquired through practical use, explores patients' and providers' lived experience of informed consent, and considers whether a multimedia consent application would be a viable solution to the various difficulties that currently erode perceptions of and confidence in the informed consent process. PMID:27774231

  11. Multimedia Technologies, Multiple Intelligences, and Teacher Professional Development in an International Education Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crichton, Susan; Kopp, Gail

    2006-01-01

    Susan Crichton and Gail Kopp explore how multimedia technologies help develop and support teachers' understanding of multiple intelligences in the classroom. They conceptualize the relationship between multiple intelligences, specific multimedia applications, and contemporary research and offer a model of distance delivery that provides…

  12. A preliminary study of current multimedia information technology

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, J.C.

    1997-03-01

    This paper surveys more than 70 articles published in the IEEE Multimedia journal and other journals. The survey summarizes aspects of multimedia information technology and categorizes application areas of multimedia information technology and interesting research areas related to it.

  13. Multimedia Information Networks in Social Media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Liangliang; Qi, Guojun; Tsai, Shen-Fu; Tsai, Min-Hsuan; Pozo, Andrey Del; Huang, Thomas S.; Zhang, Xuemei; Lim, Suk Hwan

    The popularity of personal digital cameras and online photo/video sharing community has lead to an explosion of multimedia information. Unlike traditional multimedia data, many new multimedia datasets are organized in a structural way, incorporating rich information such as semantic ontology, social interaction, community media, geographical maps, in addition to the multimedia contents by themselves. Studies of such structured multimedia data have resulted in a new research area, which is referred to as Multimedia Information Networks. Multimedia information networks are closely related to social networks, but especially focus on understanding the topics and semantics of the multimedia files in the context of network structure. This chapter reviews different categories of recent systems related to multimedia information networks, summarizes the popular inference methods used in recent works, and discusses the applications related to multimedia information networks. We also discuss a wide range of topics including public datasets, related industrial systems, and potential future research directions in this field.

  14. Self-regulated learning from illustrated text: Eye movement modelling to support use and regulation of cognitive processes during learning from multimedia.

    PubMed

    Scheiter, Katharina; Schubert, Carina; Schüler, Anne

    2017-08-07

    When learning with text and pictures, learners often fail to adequately process the materials, which can be explained as a failure to self-regulate one's learning by choosing adequate cognitive learning processes. Eye movement modelling examples (EMME) showing how to process multimedia instruction have improved elementary school children's learning from text and pictures in previous studies. We tested whether the positive effects of EMME for improving self-regulated multimedia learning extend to university students and teaching of more comprehensive processing strategies. Moreover, we investigated whether EMME's effectiveness depends upon a learner's cognitive prerequisites. Participants were 50 university students (38 female; M = 26.88 years) with different study majors. Different prior knowledge aspects were assessed as cognitive prerequisites. Before learning about mitosis from a multimedia instruction, students either received no intervention or saw EMME demonstrating various multimedia learning processes. Learning outcomes and eye movements served as dependent variables. Learners in the EMME group showed more intense processing of pictures and more frequent transitions between text and pictures. Weaker learners showed poorer recall performance after having studied EMME, whereas EMME had no effect on stronger students. In the forced-choice verification task, stronger students benefitted from EMME, whereas no effect occurred for weaker students. The picture-processing time was suited to explain the positive effects of EMME for stronger students. Our results indicate that EMME illustrating a comprehensive set of cognitive processes support multimedia learning for stronger university students. © 2017 The British Psychological Society.

  15. Applications of Cognitive Load Theory to Multimedia-Based Foreign Language Learning: An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, I-Jung; Chang, Chi-Cheng; Lee, Yen-Chang

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the multimedia instructional design literature based on cognitive load theory (CLT) in the context of foreign language learning. Multimedia are of particular importance in language learning materials because they incorporate text, image, and sound, thus offering an integrated learning experience of the four language skills…

  16. Application of Interactive Multimedia Tools in Teaching Mathematics--Examples of Lessons from Geometry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milovanovic, Marina; Obradovic, Jasmina; Milajic, Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the benefits and importance of using multimedia in the math classes by the selected examples of multimedia lessons from geometry (isometric transformations and regular polyhedra). The research included two groups of 50 first year students of the Faculty of the Architecture and the Faculty of Civil Construction Management.…

  17. The Role of Student-Generated Externalizations in Strategic Multimedia Learning and How Current (Web-)Technology Fails to Support Learner Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ploetzner, Rolf; Fillisch, Benjamin; Gewald, Patrick-André; Ruf, Tatjana

    2016-01-01

    In two studies, we investigated how learning strategies can support learning from multimedia. In the first study, 112 students learned from a web-based learning environment. On the basis of a strategy, one group of students took typewritten notes. The second group of students wrote a summary. Producing typewritten notes did not benefit learning…

  18. The Role of Student-Generated Externalizations in Strategic Multimedia Learning and How Current (Web-)Technology Fails to Support Learner Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ploetzner, Rolf; Fillisch, Benjamin; Gewald, Patrick-André; Ruf, Tatjana

    2016-01-01

    In two studies, we investigated how learning strategies can support learning from multimedia. In the first study, 112 students learned from a web-based learning environment. On the basis of a strategy, one group of students took typewritten notes. The second group of students wrote a summary. Producing typewritten notes did not benefit learning…

  19. The impact of Multimedia Software Support on the Knowledge and Self-Care Behaviors of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: a Randomized Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Farmahini Farahani, Moloud; Purfarzad, Zahra; Ghorbani, Mojtaba; Ghamari Zare, Zohre; Ghorbani, Fateme

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Education is the most effective and economical part of diabetes treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a training program with multimedia software on the knowledge and self-care behaviors of patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This study was a randomized controlled clinical trial in which 60 patients referred to diabetes clinic at Arak city were divided randomly into experimental (n=30) and control (n=30) groups. The instruments for collecting data were "Summary of Diabetes self-care activities questionnaire" and "knowledge of self-care in patients with diabetes". Data were collected before and 2 months after the intervention in the both groups. Educational program with equal content was applied for both experimental group (self-care program with multimedia software support) & control group (lecture and presentation with PowerPoint). Data analysis was done using SPSS Ver.13. Results: Implementation of the self-care program with multimedia software support resulted in improvements in patients’ self-care behaviors in the experimental group, whereas these behaviors had not significant changes in the control group after eight weeks. There was a significant difference in the mean score of knowledge in both the experiment and control groups before and after the intervention. Conclusion: Considering beneficial effects of training program with multimedia software support on the knowledge and self-care behaviors and the importance of this issue, suggested that the patients preferably provide terms of use of educational software for themselves. PMID:27354975

  20. Bayesian network as a support tool for rapid query of the environmental multimedia distribution of nanomaterials.

    PubMed

    Bilal, Muhammad; Liu, Haven; Liu, Rong; Cohen, Yoram

    2017-03-10

    An approach is presented describing the development of a Bayesian network (BN) based tool for rapid assessment of the distribution of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). The methodology was demonstrated via the construction of a BN model for estimating the exposure concentrations of nanomaterials (BN-nanoExpo) based on simulation data derived from a mechanistic multimedia compartmental fate and transport model. The results of simulations of the distribution of six ENMs in eight different regions were generated for a broad range of geographical and meteorological parameters as well as ENM release rates to the air, water and soil major compartments. Test cases with the constructed BN-nanoExpo demonstrated the capability of the BN based model to portray a wide range of simulation results that can be obtained with the mechanistic fate and transport model. Moreover, BN-nanoExpo is shown to be a suitable tool for estimating both ENM concentrations and release rates given partial information, while also enabling assessment of the impact of uncertainties in input data on the predicted outcomes. The results of the current study suggest that there is merit in exploring the utility of the approach to more complex models, which would provide decision makers with powerful tools for rapid assessment of the behavior of nanomaterials in the environment.

  1. Virtual tutorials, Wikipedia books, and multimedia-based teaching for blended learning support in a course on algorithms and data structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knackmuß, Jenny; Creutzburg, Reiner

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the benefit and support of virtual tutorials, Wikipedia books and multimedia-based teaching in a course on Algorithms and Data Structures. We describe our work and experiences gained from using virtual tutorials held in Netucate iLinc sessions and the use of various multimedia and animation elements for the support of deeper understanding of the ordinary lectures held in the standard classroom on Algorithms and Data Structures for undergraduate computer sciences students. We will describe the benefits, form, style and contents of those virtual tutorials. Furthermore, we mention the advantage of Wikipedia books to support the blended learning process using modern mobile devices. Finally, we give some first statistical measures of improved student's scores after introducing this new form of teaching support.

  2. Integrating LAN/WAN technologies in support of multimedia telemedicine and teleradiology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNeill, Kevin M.; Holcomb, Michael J.; Ovitt, Theron W.

    1999-07-01

    In July 1996 the Arizona Telemedicine Program (ATP) was initiated by the state legislature in recognition of the needs of under-served populations in the state. Two important goals are: establish a statewide telemedicine network infrastructure; and use that infrastructure as a test bed to evaluate the effectiveness of state-of-the-art telemedicine services. These two goals exist in the context of an integrated, multidisciplinary telemedicine program. It is necessary to accommodate distinct levels of connectivity for sites depending on their association with the program and the corresponding level of services to be provided. For remote client sites requiring the highest level of service were selected the use of dedicated T1 circuits. At these sites the capabilities provided include: PC based store-and- forward services; point-to-point interactive real-time video interactions for clinical encounters; and multi-point interactive real-time video interactions for support groups and educational activities. For sites funded for lower levels of service we selected simple dial-up telephone based communications to support store-and-forward activities and inexpensive telephone based video conferencing equipment for administrative interactions. At the service sites distributed within the Arizona Health Sciences Center (AHSC) we selected standard LAN technology for store-and-forward applications and T1 based services for interactive video. To integrate these services we selected the Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) protocol, integrated with the LAN environment within the AHSC. The integrated telemedicine network supports eight client sites and two service sites with T1-based ATM and four sites with dial-up lines. At the AHSC, ATM and LAN infrastructure is distributed to several clinical areas, allowing physicians to support telemedicine activities where they normally work. Between July 1997 and Jan 1999 over 2000 telemedicine sessions have been performed, nearly 50 percent of

  3. APPLICATION OF EXAMS AS THE SURFACE WATER MODULE IN THE HWIR MULTIMEDIA RISK ASSESSMENT SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    Multimedia, multipathway risk assessment software has been developed for implementing the Hazardous Waste Identification Rule (HWIR). This regulation is intended to determine whether a waste should be considered hazardous, and confined to Subtitle D facilities, or safely release...

  4. APPLICATION OF EXAMS AS THE SURFACE WATER MODULE IN THE HWIR MULTIMEDIA RISK ASSESSMENT SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    Multimedia, multipathway risk assessment software has been developed for implementing the Hazardous Waste Identification Rule (HWIR). This regulation is intended to determine whether a waste should be considered hazardous, and confined to Subtitle D facilities, or safely release...

  5. Traffic analysis on multimedia data services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bescos, Jesus; Martinez, Jose M.; Cisneros, Guillermo

    1996-11-01

    This paper is motivated by the advantages of having transactional value added services (i.e. interactive multimedia ones) instead of solely providing information on electronic supports (i.e. CD-ROMs). Investment on network resources provision, or even on adding infrastructure to existing networks, seems to be the most cost-effective solution for the establishment of this kind of services. Support for multimedia data services requires a full characterization of both the forward and return channels (usually highly asymmetric) for one or several users, so that proper resources can be allocated or efficient new infrastructures can be designed. This paper firstly describes a fully interactive and general purpose multimedia client/server application (a currently working one), that provides to the user a common interface to remotely access heterogenous databases. Secondly, it presents the test architecture and configuration established to obtain a representative number of traffic measures that a single instance of this multimedia application generates over a TCP network. Data is then analyzed to extract the QoS traffic parameters that will define network capabilities for both the forward and return communication channels, first for a single user, and then to optimize a multi-user environment. Next, a methodology for the accurate characterization of the multi-user situation is presented. Finally, arguments for extrapolation of the results to most applications currently running over Internet, are discussed.

  6. Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia, Photonics Applications and Web Engineering, Wilga, May 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romaniuk, Ryszard S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper is the fourth part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Optoelectronic Devices, Sensors, Communication and Multimedia (Video and Audio) technologies. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JET tokamak and pi-of-the sky experiments development. The symposium is an annual summary in the development of numerable Ph.D. theses carried out in this country in the area of advanced electronic and photonic systems. It is also a great occasion for SPIE, IEEE, OSA and PSP students to meet together in a large group spanning the whole country with guests from this part of Europe. A digest of Wilga references is presented [1-270].

  7. ATM: The Key To Harnessing the Power of Networked Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Rod

    1996-01-01

    ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) network technology handles the real-time continuous traffic flow necessary to support desktop multimedia applications. Describes network applications already used: desktop video collaboration, distance learning, and broadcasting video delivery. Examines the architecture of ATM technology, video delivery and sound…

  8. Multimedia Principle in Teaching Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kari Jabbour, Khayrazad

    2012-01-01

    Multimedia learning principle occurs when we create mental representations from combining text and relevant graphics into lessons. This article discusses the learning advantages that result from adding multimedia learning principle into instructions; and how to select graphics that support learning. There is a balance that instructional designers…

  9. An Experiment on Supporting Children's English Vocabulary Learning in Multimedia Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Yanqing; Dong, Qi

    2004-01-01

    Learning in context is an important component of second language (L2) vocabulary teaching and learning. However, young children may encounter some difficulties in dealing with the context. Hence learning support should be included to facilitate learning. The present study examined the effects of two types of learning support on Chinese children's…

  10. Multimedia decision support intervention: A promising approach to enhance the intention to complete an advance directive among hospitalized adults

    PubMed Central

    Hickman, Ronald L.; Lipson, Amy R.; Pinto, Melissa D.; Pignatiello, Grant

    2013-01-01

    Purpose This study examined the acceptability and initial efficacy of a multimedia decision support (MDS) intervention to improve intention to complete an advanced directive (AD) among hospitalized adults following an episode of critical illness. Data sources This study used comparative quasi-experimental post-test only design. Forty-nine hospitalized adults, recovering from a critical illness, received either MDS or AD educational brochure. Demographic characteristics and self-report measures of AD knowledge were captured at baseline and used as covariates. Helpfulness of the intervention (acceptability) and the outcome variable, intention to complete an AD decision, were assessed after exposure to the MDS intervention or educational brochure (information-only control condition). Conclusions The MDS was a more acceptable form of education compared to a brochure. After adjusting for covariates, participants exposed to the MDS intervention were 24.7 times more likely to intend to complete an AD compared to those who were assigned to the information-only control condition. Implications for practice This pilot study establishes the acceptability and initial efficacy of the MDS intervention among individuals with critical illness, who are at high risk for hospital readmission life-sustaining treatment. This study illuminates a teachable moment in which patients are more receptive to interventions to complete an AD. PMID:24170705

  11. Multimedia Modules for Electromagnetics Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Los Santos Vidal, Oriol; Iskander, Magdy F.

    1997-01-01

    Multimedia technology is an invaluable teaching and learning resource. One advantage of technology based education is the ability to combine practical applications, visualization of complex mathematical and abstract subjects, virtual labs, and guided use of simulation software. This article describes several multimedia tutorials for…

  12. Multimedia Modules for Electromagnetics Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Los Santos Vidal, Oriol; Iskander, Magdy F.

    1997-01-01

    Multimedia technology is an invaluable teaching and learning resource. One advantage of technology based education is the ability to combine practical applications, visualization of complex mathematical and abstract subjects, virtual labs, and guided use of simulation software. This article describes several multimedia tutorials for…

  13. A geostationary satellite system for mobile multimedia applications using portable, aeronautical and mobile terminals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Losquadro, G.; Luglio, M.; Vatalaro, F.

    1997-01-01

    A geostationary satellite system for mobile multimedia services via portable, aeronautical and mobile terminals was developed within the framework of the Advanced Communications Technology Service (ACTS) programs. The architecture of the system developed under the 'satellite extremely high frequency communications for multimedia mobile services (SECOMS)/ACTS broadband aeronautical terminal experiment' (ABATE) project is presented. The system will be composed of a Ka band system component, and an extremely high frequency band component. The major characteristics of the space segment, the ground control station and the portable, aeronautical and mobile user terminals are outlined.

  14. A geostationary satellite system for mobile multimedia applications using portable, aeronautical and mobile terminals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Losquadro, G.; Luglio, M.; Vatalaro, F.

    1997-01-01

    A geostationary satellite system for mobile multimedia services via portable, aeronautical and mobile terminals was developed within the framework of the Advanced Communications Technology Service (ACTS) programs. The architecture of the system developed under the 'satellite extremely high frequency communications for multimedia mobile services (SECOMS)/ACTS broadband aeronautical terminal experiment' (ABATE) project is presented. The system will be composed of a Ka band system component, and an extremely high frequency band component. The major characteristics of the space segment, the ground control station and the portable, aeronautical and mobile user terminals are outlined.

  15. A Multimedia Fate Model to Support Chemical Management in China: A Case Study for Selected Trace Organics.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Ying; Price, Oliver R; Kilgallon, John; Rendal, Cecilie; Tao, Shu; Jones, Kevin C; Sweetman, Andrew J

    2016-07-05

    SESAMe v3.3, a spatially explicit multimedia fate model for China, is a tool suggested to support quantitative risk assessment for national scale chemical management. The key advantage over the previous version SESAMe v3.0 is consideration of spatially varied environmental pH. We evaluate the model performance using estimates of emission from total industry usage of three UV filters (benzophenone-3, octocrylene, and octyl methoxycinnamate) and three antimicrobials (triclosan, triclocarban, and climbazole). The model generally performs well for the six case study chemicals as shown by the comparison between predictions and measurements. The importance of accounting for chemical ionization is demonstrated with the fate and partitioning of both triclosan and climbazole sensitivity to environmental pH. The model predicts ionizable chemicals (triclosan, climbazole, benzophenone-3) to primarily partition into soils at steady state, despite hypothetically only being released to freshwaters, as a result of agricultural irrigation by freshwater. However, further model calibration is needed when more field data becomes available for soils and sediments and for larger areas of water. As an example, accounting for the effect of pH in the environmental risk assessment of triclosan, limited freshwater areas (0.03% or ca. 55 km(2)) in mainland China are modeled to exceed its conservative environmental no-effect threshold. SESAMe v3.3 can be used to support the development of chemical risk assessment methodologies with the spatial aspects of the model providing a guide to the identification regions of interest in which to focus monitoring campaigns or develop a refined risk assessment.

  16. Design-Based Research: Designing a Multimedia Environment to Support Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hung, Hsiu-Ting

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined 89 English language learners' experiences of reflective tasks in three systematically designed courses. Adopting a design-based research method, the purpose of this paper was to investigate a pedagogical design with a focus on tailoring digital video technology to support reflective tasks for language learning in…

  17. The Creation of Multimedia Resources to Support the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Coach Education Programme (CEP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crotty, Yvonne; D'Arcy, Jimmy; Sweeney, David

    2016-01-01

    The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is an Irish amateur sporting and cultural organisation. It represents in excess of 20,000 teams nationwide and is committed to supporting the development of players and coaches through its Coach Education Programme (CEP). A strategic goal of the CEP is to supplement the traditional field based coach education…

  18. Multimedia Presentation and Transmission Standards and Their Support for Automatic Analysis, Conversion and Scaling: A Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-03-01

    Standardized General Markup Language SMIL Synchronized Media Integration Language SMS Short Message Service SMTPE Society of Motion Picture and Television...PICT, TIFF, SGI, Photoshop, MacPaint, Targa Text Multilanguage support, streams with video Animations MacroMedia Flash, FLI/FLC, 3DMF, GIF, PICS, VR

  19. The Creation of Multimedia Resources to Support the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Coach Education Programme (CEP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crotty, Yvonne; D'Arcy, Jimmy; Sweeney, David

    2016-01-01

    The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is an Irish amateur sporting and cultural organisation. It represents in excess of 20,000 teams nationwide and is committed to supporting the development of players and coaches through its Coach Education Programme (CEP). A strategic goal of the CEP is to supplement the traditional field based coach education…

  20. Interactive Multimedia Preventive Alcohol Education: A Technology Application in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Janet; Riley, William; Lokman, Lawrence; Baer, John

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes the process of implementation and short-term impact on knowledge and attitudes of an interactive multimedia software program on preventive alcohol education for young adults. Students using program report learning more about dose-response and ways to intervene with friends in peril. Concludes with consideration of the import of this…

  1. Maximizing Multiple Intelligences through Multimedia: A Real Application of Gardner's Theories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Graham P.; Burnette, Carter

    2000-01-01

    Discusses Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences that addresses how students assimilate information and suggests the use of electronic portfolios to allow a broader array of learning styles and increase the effectiveness of activities by addressing more Multiple Intelligences. Explains the use of hypertext and multimedia on a CD-ROM.…

  2. The Developer's Handbook to Interactive Multimedia: A Practical Guide for Educational Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Rob

    Interactive multimedia (IMM) is a technology with the potential to change the way people learn, acquire information, and entertain themselves. This technology brings together a range of fields and requires the skills of professionals from those fields. This handbook offers practical advice on issues related to developing successful interactive…

  3. Application of Several Multimedia Approaches to the Teaching of CNS Pharmacology: Parkinson's Disease and Antiparkinsonism Drugs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulkner, Thomas P.; Sprague, Jon E.

    1996-01-01

    A multimedia approach to drug therapy for Parkinson's Disease, part of a pharmacy school central nervous system course, integrated use of lecture, textbook, video/graphic technology, the movie "Awakenings," Internet and World Wide Web, and an interactive animated movie. A followup questionnaire found generally positive student attitudes…

  4. The Effectiveness of Web-Based Multimedia Applications Simulation in Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziden, Azidah Abu; Rahman, Muhammad Faizal Abdul

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the effectiveness of using multimedia virtual simulation in Islamic Studies in Malaysia. Virtual simulation methods embedded in Microsoft PowerPoint was used in this study to determine the effectiveness of these modes to motivate students on the topic of pilgrimage in the Islamic Studies subject. Pilgrimage topic has been…

  5. The Developer's Handbook to Interactive Multimedia: A Practical Guide for Educational Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Rob

    Interactive multimedia (IMM) is a technology with the potential to change the way people learn, acquire information, and entertain themselves. This technology brings together a range of fields and requires the skills of professionals from those fields. This handbook offers practical advice on issues related to developing successful interactive…

  6. Understanding the Role of Prior Knowledge in a Multimedia Learning Application

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rias, Riaza Mohd; Zaman, Halimah Badioze

    2013-01-01

    This study looked at the effects that individual differences in prior knowledge have on student understanding in learning with multimedia in a computer science subject. Students were identified as having either low or high prior knowledge from a series of questions asked in a survey conducted at the Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences at…

  7. New Applications for Multimedia Cases: Promoting Reflective Practice in Preservice Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewitt, Jim; Pedretti, Erminia; Bencze, Larry; Vaillancourt, Barbara Dale; Yoon, Susan

    2003-01-01

    In recent years, there has been growing interest in the use of multimedia cases for the purposes of preservice teacher preparation. Case-based learning typically involves an analysis of a teaching scenario followed by a discussion of issues that emerge. While this kind of activity is consistent with theories of situated learning and social…

  8. Understanding the Role of Prior Knowledge in a Multimedia Learning Application

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rias, Riaza Mohd; Zaman, Halimah Badioze

    2013-01-01

    This study looked at the effects that individual differences in prior knowledge have on student understanding in learning with multimedia in a computer science subject. Students were identified as having either low or high prior knowledge from a series of questions asked in a survey conducted at the Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences at…

  9. Application of Several Multimedia Approaches to the Teaching of CNS Pharmacology: Parkinson's Disease and Antiparkinsonism Drugs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulkner, Thomas P.; Sprague, Jon E.

    1996-01-01

    A multimedia approach to drug therapy for Parkinson's Disease, part of a pharmacy school central nervous system course, integrated use of lecture, textbook, video/graphic technology, the movie "Awakenings," Internet and World Wide Web, and an interactive animated movie. A followup questionnaire found generally positive student attitudes…

  10. An Enriched Multimedia eBook Application to Facilitate Learning of Anatomy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stirling, Allan; Birt, James

    2014-01-01

    This pilot study compared the use of an enriched multimedia eBook with traditional methods for teaching the gross anatomy of the heart and great vessels. Seventy-one first-year students from an Australian medical school participated in the study. Students' abilities were examined by pretest, intervention, and post-test measurements. Perceptions…

  11. Application of Multimedia Design Principles to Visuals Used in Course-Books: An Evaluation Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuzu, Abdullah; Akbulut, Yavuz; Sahin, Mehmet Can

    2007-01-01

    This paper introduces an evaluation tool prepared to examine the quality of visuals in course-books. The tool is based on Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (i.e. Generative Theory) and its principles regarding the correct use of illustrations within text. The reason to generate the tool, the development process along with the…

  12. The Effectiveness of Web-Based Multimedia Applications Simulation in Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziden, Azidah Abu; Rahman, Muhammad Faizal Abdul

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the effectiveness of using multimedia virtual simulation in Islamic Studies in Malaysia. Virtual simulation methods embedded in Microsoft PowerPoint was used in this study to determine the effectiveness of these modes to motivate students on the topic of pilgrimage in the Islamic Studies subject. Pilgrimage topic has been…

  13. Human cadavers Vs. multimedia simulation: A study of student learning in anatomy.

    PubMed

    Saltarelli, Andrew J; Roseth, Cary J; Saltarelli, William A

    2014-01-01

    Multimedia and simulation programs are increasingly being used for anatomy instruction, yet it remains unclear how learning with these technologies compares with learning with actual human cadavers. Using a multilevel, quasi-experimental-control design, this study compared the effects of "Anatomy and Physiology Revealed" (APR) multimedia learning system with a traditional undergraduate human cadaver laboratory. APR is a model-based multimedia simulation tool that uses high-resolution pictures to construct a prosected cadaver. APR also provides animations showing the function of specific anatomical structures. Results showed that the human cadaver laboratory offered a significant advantage over the multimedia simulation program on cadaver-based measures of identification and explanatory knowledge. These findings reinforce concerns that incorporating multimedia simulation into anatomy instruction requires careful alignment between learning tasks and performance measures. Findings also imply that additional pedagogical strategies are needed to support transfer from simulated to real-world application of anatomical knowledge. © 2014 American Association of Anatomists.

  14. Support for Self-Regulation in Learning Complex Topics from Multimedia Explanations: Do Learners Need Extensive or Minimal Support?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodicio, Hector Garcia; Sanchez, Emilio; Acuna, Santiago R.

    2013-01-01

    Acquiring complex conceptual knowledge requires learners to self-regulate their learning by planning, monitoring, and adjusting the process but they find it difficult to do so. In one experiment, we examined whether learners need broad systems of support for self-regulation or whether they are also able to learn with more economical support…

  15. Support for Self-Regulation in Learning Complex Topics from Multimedia Explanations: Do Learners Need Extensive or Minimal Support?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodicio, Hector Garcia; Sanchez, Emilio; Acuna, Santiago R.

    2013-01-01

    Acquiring complex conceptual knowledge requires learners to self-regulate their learning by planning, monitoring, and adjusting the process but they find it difficult to do so. In one experiment, we examined whether learners need broad systems of support for self-regulation or whether they are also able to learn with more economical support…

  16. The Multimedia Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penuel, William R.; Means, Barbara; Simkins, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Teachers implementing a local history project in Belmont, California, had help from a federally funded technology innovation challenge grant: the Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project. Sponsored by a Silicon Valley school-business partnership, the initiative illustrates how technology can transform classroom learning while supporting instructional…

  17. The Multimedia Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penuel, William R.; Means, Barbara; Simkins, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Teachers implementing a local history project in Belmont, California, had help from a federally funded technology innovation challenge grant: the Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project. Sponsored by a Silicon Valley school-business partnership, the initiative illustrates how technology can transform classroom learning while supporting instructional…

  18. Multicast Services of QoS-Aware Active Queue Management over IP Multimedia Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hwang, I.-Shyan; Hwang, Bor-Jiunn; Chang, Pen-Ming

    2010-10-01

    Recently, the multimedia services such as IPTV, video conference emerges to be the main traffic source. When UDP coexists with TCP, it induces not only congestion collapse but also unfairness problem. In this paper, a new Active Queue Management (AQM) algorithm, called Traffic Sensitive Active Queue Management (TSAQM), is proposed for providing multimedia services. The TSAQM comprise Dynamic Weight Allocate Scheme (DWAS) and Service Guarantee Scheme (SGS), the purpose of DWAS is to allocate resource with fairness and high end-user utility, and the purpose of SGS is to determine the satisfactory threshold (TH) and threshold region (TR). Several objectives of this proposed scheme include achieving high end-user utility for video service, considering the multicast as well as unicast proprieties to meet inter-class fairness and achieving the QoS requirement by adjusting the thresholds adaptively based on traffic situations.

  19. An Educational Multimedia Presentation Framework for Medium-Sized Museums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styliaras, Georgios

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a framework that supports an educational presentation of a museum on fixed information and pure educational stations through multimedia. Museum curators are offered a wizard-like procedure through which they can structure and populate the content to be presented, associate the content to predefined application types that…

  20. Are They Listening Better? Supporting EFL College Students' DVD Video Comprehension with Advance Organizers in a Multimedia English Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Chen-Hong

    2012-01-01

    As technology continues to evolve, authentic multimedia-based teaching materials are widely used in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. However, they may lie beyond most language learners' proficiency level. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of advance organizers in conjunction with the cognitive theory of…

  1. Examining the Potential of Web-Based Multimedia to Support Complex Fine Motor Skill Learning: An Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastergiou, Marina; Pollatou, Elisana; Theofylaktou, Ioannis; Karadimou, Konstantina

    2014-01-01

    Research on the utilization of the Web for complex fine motor skill learning that involves whole body movements is still scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the introduction of a multimedia web-based learning environment, which was targeted at a rhythmic gymnastics routine consisting of eight fine motor skills, into an…

  2. Are They Listening Better? Supporting EFL College Students' DVD Video Comprehension with Advance Organizers in a Multimedia English Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Chen-Hong

    2012-01-01

    As technology continues to evolve, authentic multimedia-based teaching materials are widely used in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. However, they may lie beyond most language learners' proficiency level. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of advance organizers in conjunction with the cognitive theory of…

  3. An Intelligent Tutoring System on the WWW Supporting Interactive Simulation Environment with a Multimedia Viewer Control Mechanism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakabayashi, Kiyoshi; Maruyama, Mina; Koike, Yoshimasa; Fukuhara, Yoshimi; Nakamura, Yukihiro

    This paper describes the features of the 1996 version of an intelligent tutoring system (ITS) called CALAT. The architecture of CALAT is an extension of conventional World Wide Web systems, consisting of an ITS kernel on the server side and a multimedia viewer on the client side. The viewer control system is designed to achieve both educationally…

  4. Examining the Potential of Web-Based Multimedia to Support Complex Fine Motor Skill Learning: An Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastergiou, Marina; Pollatou, Elisana; Theofylaktou, Ioannis; Karadimou, Konstantina

    2014-01-01

    Research on the utilization of the Web for complex fine motor skill learning that involves whole body movements is still scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the introduction of a multimedia web-based learning environment, which was targeted at a rhythmic gymnastics routine consisting of eight fine motor skills, into an…

  5. Using an Educational Multimedia Application to Prepare Children for Outpatient Surgeries.

    PubMed

    Fernandes, Sara; Arriaga, Patrícia; Esteves, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Surgery is a highly stressful event for children and caregivers. Extensive effort has been made to improve preoperative care in order to alleviate worry about the surgical procedure itself. This study tested the impact of an educational multimedia intervention on the cognitive, emotional, and physiological responses of children undergoing surgery, as well as on parental state anxiety. Children (n = 90) were assigned to three different groups: an educational multimedia intervention (experimental group), an entertainment video game intervention (comparison group), and a control group (no intervention). Children who received the educational multimedia intervention reported lower level of worries about hospitalization, medical procedures, illness, and negative consequences than those in the control and in the comparison groups. Parental state anxiety was also lower in the both the educational and the entertainment video game interventions compared to the control group. These findings suggest that providing information to children regarding medical procedures and hospital rules and routines is important to reduce their preoperative worries, and also relevant for parental anxiety.

  6. High-performance JPEG image compression chip set for multimedia applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Razavi, Abbas; Shenberg, Isaac; Seltz, Danny; Fronczak, Dave

    1993-04-01

    By its very nature, multimedia includes images, text and audio stored in digital format. Image compression is an enabling technology essential to overcoming two bottlenecks: cost of storage and bus speed limitation. Storing 10 seconds of high resolution RGB (640 X 480) motion video (30 frames/sec) requires 277 MBytes and a bus speed of 28 MBytes/sec (which cannot be handled by a standard bus). With high quality JPEG baseline compression the storage and bus requirements are reduced to 12 MBytes of storage and a bus speed of 1.2 MBytes/sec. Moreover, since consumer video and photography products (e.g., digital still video cameras, camcorders, TV) will increasingly use digital (and therefore compressed) images because of quality, accessibility, and the ease of adding features, compressed images may become the bridge between the multimedia computer and consumer products. The image compression challenge can be met by implementing the discrete cosine transform (DCT)-based image compression algorithm defined by the JPEG baseline standard. Using the JPEG baseline algorithm, an image can be compressed by a factor of about 24:1 without noticeable degradation in image quality. Because motion video is compressed frame by frame (or field by field), system cost is minimized (no frame or field memories and interframe operations are required) and each frame can be edited independently. Since JPEG is an international standard, the compressed files generated by this solution can be readily interchanged with other users and processed by standard software packages. This paper describes a multimedia image compression board utilizing Zoran's 040 JPEG Image Compression chip set. The board includes digitization, video decoding and compression. While the original video is sent to the display (`video in a window'), it is also compressed and transferred to the computer bus for storage. During playback, the system receives the compressed sequence from the bus and displays it on the screen.

  7. A Multimedia, Augmented Reality Interactive System for the Application of a Guided School Tour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Ko-Chun; Huang, Sheng-Wen; Chu, Sheng-Kai; Su, Ming-Wei; Chen, Chia-Yen; Chen, Chi-Fa

    The paper describes an implementation of a multimedia, augmented reality system used for a guided school tour. The aim of this work is to improve the level of interactions between a viewer and the system by means of augmented reality. In the implemented system, hand motions are captured via computer vision based approaches and analyzed to extract representative actions which are used to interact with the system. In this manner, tactile peripheral hardware such as keyboard and mouse can be eliminated. In addition, the proposed system also aims to reduce hardware related costs and avoid health risks associated with contaminations by contact in public areas.

  8. Multimission Telemetry Visualization (MTV) system: A mission applications project from JPL's Multimedia Communications Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koeberlein, Ernest, III; Pender, Shaw Exum

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes the Multimission Telemetry Visualization (MTV) data acquisition/distribution system. MTV was developed by JPL's Multimedia Communications Laboratory (MCL) and designed to process and display digital, real-time, science and engineering data from JPL's Mission Control Center. The MTV system can be accessed using UNIX workstations and PC's over common datacom and telecom networks from worldwide locations. It is designed to lower data distribution costs while increasing data analysis functionality by integrating low-cost, off-the-shelf desktop hardware and software. MTV is expected to significantly lower the cost of real-time data display, processing, distribution, and allow for greater spacecraft safety and mission data access.

  9. Innovative multimedia for teaching nematology.

    PubMed

    Eisenback, J D

    1993-09-01

    The availability of interactive multimedia authoring software programs promises to revolutionize the teaching of nematology. These programs integrate text, hypertext, graphics, animations, video, and sound. The user interacts with the information on demand in a nonlinear fashion. Beginning students can limit themselves to the general outlines of the subject, and advanced students can explore the information to the limits of their ability. Use of interactive multimedia does not eliminate the need for effective, enthusiastic teachers but provides a mechanism for the efficient transfer of information. An interactive multimedia presentation that supplements lectures in an introductory course is presented as an example of the application of this technology for teaching nematology.

  10. Multimedia group communications: towards new services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mauthe, A.; Hutchison, D.; Coulson, G.; Namuye, S.

    1996-09-01

    Interpersonal communication among a group of users employing different media types is becoming more and more widespread in computing and telecommunications. Group communication places a variety of new requirements onto the underlying communications architecture and although many existing protocols and services do offer some limited support for multicast group communication, these new requirements make it difficult to find efficient and comprehensive solutions. The impact of multimedia group communication on the communication system and the way in which existing systems, international standardization bodies and researchers cope with these challenges is the subject of this paper. First the characteristics and requirements of multimedia group applications are discussed and illustrated by examples of existing group applications. Subsequently a survey of the kind of support available in today's communication system is presented. In addition the ongoing discussion about the standardization of group communication within ISO and ITU and the direction these efforts take is briefly summarized. Further, some selected examples of research projects which deal with different communication and protocol related aspects of multimedia group communication are presented which give an indication of the trends in this area.

  11. Multimedia approach in teaching mathematics - example of lesson about the definite integral application for determining an area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milovanović, Marina; Takači, Đurđica; Milajić, Aleksandar

    2011-03-01

    This article presents the importance of using multimedia in the math classes by an example of multimedia lesson about definite integral and the results of the research carried out among the students of the first years of faculty, divided into two groups of 25. One group had the traditional lecture about the definite integral, while the other one had the multimedia method. The main information source in multimedia lectures was the software created in Macromedia Flash, with definitions, theorems, examples, tasks as well as in traditional lectures but with emphasized visualization possibilities, animations, illustrations, etc. Both groups were tested after the lectures. Students from the multimedia group showed better theoretical, practical and visual knowledge. Besides that, survey carried out at the end of this research clearly showed that students from multimedia group were highly interested in this way of learning.

  12. 65 nm LP/GP mix low cost platform for multi-media wireless and consumer applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tavel, B.; Duriez, B.; Gwoziecki, R.; Basso, M. T.; Julien, C.; Ortolland, C.; Laplanche, Y.; Fox, R.; Sabouret, E.; Detcheverry, C.; Boeuf, F.; Morin, P.; Barge, D.; Bidaud, M.; Biénacel, J.; Garnier, P.; Cooper, K.; Chapon, J. D.; Trouiller, Y.; Belledent, J.; Broekaart, M.; Gouraud, P.; Denais, M.; Huard, V.; Rochereau, K.; Difrenza, R.; Planes, N.; Marin, M.; Boret, S.; Gloria, D.; Vanbergue, S.; Abramowitz, P.; Vishnubhotla, L.; Reber, D.; Stolk, P.; Woo, M.; Arnaud, F.

    2006-04-01

    A complete 65 nm CMOS platform, called LP/GP Mix, has been developed employing thick oxide transistor (IO), Low Power (LP) and General Purpose (GP) devices on the same chip. Dedicated to wireless multi-media and consumer applications, this new triple gate oxide platform is low cost (+1mask only) and saves over 35% of dynamic power with the use of the low operating voltage GP. The LP/GP mix shows competitive digital performance with a ring oscillator (FO = 1) speed equal to 7 ps per stage (GP) and 6T-SRAM static power lower than 10 pA/cell (LP). Compatible with mixed-signal design requirements, transistors show high voltage gain, low mismatch factor and low flicker noise. Moreover, to address mobile phone demands, excellent RF performance has been achieved with FT = 160 GHz for LP and 280 GHz for GP nMOS transistors.

  13. Multimedia browser (MMB)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salem, Adel I.; Potter, Jerry L.

    2001-07-01

    Current well-known web browsers are limited to graphical User Interfaces (GUIs) that are geared towards an iconic or hieroglyphic system of communication. Modern speech-enabled user interfaces are built over GUIs and apply a 'Say What You See' (SWYS) paradigm. GUIs and SWYS fail to satisfy the user's need for natural language multimedia interfaces. The first voice based OS interfaces such as the Vocal/Auditory Multimedia Browser (VAMB) combined a spoken quasi-natural language input with a graphical display, audio and verbal output and supported a rudimentary browsing capability. The MultiMedia Browser (MMB) improves VAMB's speech recognition capabilities and includes a complete web browser with advanced page navigation. MMB applies a What You Say Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) paradigm that utilizes both an Associative Calculus Environment (ACE) and Dynamic Hierarchal Limited Vocabulary (DHLV). The associative calculus is a set of rules that specifies how sentences using the ACE syntax are to be interpreted relative to graphical displays. DHLV dynamically minimizes the contents of the vocabulary pool depending on the current multimedia configuration.

  14. Traffic forecaster for MPLS multimedia data streams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ambrose, Barry; Lin, Freddie

    2006-05-01

    Contemporary high performance data networks carry a wide range of multimedia services (voice, video, audio, text, sensor data, etc.) that require an outstanding Quality of Service (QoS) to provide performance guarantees in priority delivery, latency, bandwidth utilization, load balancing, etc. With the advent of recent Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) network standards, the QoS has made significant progress in performance to provide these performance guarantees. Right now, attention has turned to the task of managing these QoS networks more efficiently through the handling of network traffic. We have investigated a novel Network Traffic Forecasting Assisted QoS Planner technology that will provide constantly updated forecasts of data traffic and server loads to any application that needs this information. Using source models of voice, video and data traffic based on empirical studies of TCP/IP data traffic carried out by Paxson and Floyd in the 1990's, our studies have shown that the system may provide up to 43% bandwidth savings for MPLS data streams, by predicting future traffic flows and reserving network resources to accommodate the predicted traffic. The system additionally provides a means to submit bandwidth reservation requests for those applications that need assured service guarantees for data delivery. The technology essentially increases the efficiency and effectiveness of multimedia information and communication network infrastructure that supports multiple or adaptive QoS levels for multimedia data networking and information system applications.

  15. [Multimedia and didactics++. Application to the normal echographic anatomy of the female reproductive system].

    PubMed

    Migliore, G; Benza, I; Sparacia, G; Lagalla, R

    1993-05-01

    It is widely known that US results strictly depends on operators and that each operator follows individual pathways. Therefore the authors have tried to develop high-interactivity tools, allowing the "customization" of learning to the user's demands. Progress linked to microprocessors' technology allowed a wide spread of cost-effective electronic processors with high graphic performances, capable of supporting sophisticated softwares which are useful to develop multimedial programs. Our experiment is aimed at integrating a multimedial management system for US studies, with the training activity of the medical staff US-expert. The system is structured on a hardware platform based on the Motorola microprocessor, class 68040, an application software developed by Apple. The environment for multimedial applications development uses the "Hypercard" interface of graphic presentation, by Apple. The software allows the realization of a multimedial environment of learning, where US images are associated with graphics, drawing and text references. The application allows a multimedial environment of learning for normal eidodiagnostic anatomy of the female reproductive system, where different courses can be followed autonomously. On the basis of a check performed on a group of students, although in a preliminary stage, the combination of conventional didactic material with either a paper or television support, with devices allowing the connection of texts, graphics and images in a dynamic way, proved to be very useful and to allow personal courses of learning, which can be always modified in an interactive way.

  16. Multimedia for Language Learning: Some Course Design Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davey, Denise; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the design and production of multimedia Danish language materials for classroom or self-access use by learners of Danish as a Second Language and examines issues applicable to other uses of multimedia in language learning. (23 references) (MDM)

  17. [Multimedia teaching software in university education].

    PubMed

    Chalupníková, Rita

    2004-01-01

    This article is aimed at developing of multimedia teaching programs. Authoring tool Authorware Professional for Windows is briefly described as a suited system for the developing of didactic applications. Author presents own application based on Authorware--Biophysics of perception of sound and light. At the end are also disscused benefits of multimedia teaching tools.

  18. A Topographic Field Trip of Washington, D.C. - A Cartographic Multimedia Application

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1999-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has produced ?A Topographic Field Trip of Washington, D.C.,' a multimedia CD-ROM that uses topographic maps to tour Washington, D.C. Although designed for the middle school grade level, it can also be used to teach introductory topographic map reading skills to any level. Two versions of ?A Topographic Field Trip of Washington, D.C.,? are available. The first version, for Macintosh? systems only, was developed and produced as a prototype with educational resources funds and is available free of charge. The second version, for dual platforms, Macintosh?, and Windows? systems, is a sales item. The dual platform version contains improvements in content and navigational capabilities.

  19. A semantic medical multimedia retrieval approach using ontology information hiding.

    PubMed

    Guo, Kehua; Zhang, Shigeng

    2013-01-01

    Searching useful information from unstructured medical multimedia data has been a difficult problem in information retrieval. This paper reports an effective semantic medical multimedia retrieval approach which can reflect the users' query intent. Firstly, semantic annotations will be given to the multimedia documents in the medical multimedia database. Secondly, the ontology that represented semantic information will be hidden in the head of the multimedia documents. The main innovations of this approach are cross-type retrieval support and semantic information preservation. Experimental results indicate a good precision and efficiency of our approach for medical multimedia retrieval in comparison with some traditional approaches.

  20. A Semantic Medical Multimedia Retrieval Approach Using Ontology Information Hiding

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Kehua; Zhang, Shigeng

    2013-01-01

    Searching useful information from unstructured medical multimedia data has been a difficult problem in information retrieval. This paper reports an effective semantic medical multimedia retrieval approach which can reflect the users' query intent. Firstly, semantic annotations will be given to the multimedia documents in the medical multimedia database. Secondly, the ontology that represented semantic information will be hidden in the head of the multimedia documents. The main innovations of this approach are cross-type retrieval support and semantic information preservation. Experimental results indicate a good precision and efficiency of our approach for medical multimedia retrieval in comparison with some traditional approaches. PMID:24082915

  1. A Survey of the Application of Multimedia in the Process of Teaching and Learning in KUiTTHO, Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamaruddin, Nafisah Kamariah Md; Hamid, Mohd Zaidi Bin Abdul

    2005-01-01

    Scientific research shows that the process of remembering done in the human brain is faster when people receive many emphasizes in various forms for a short period. The concept of interactivity in multimedia helps the human brain to improve the process of learning. In addition, different approaches of multimedia make lessons very entertaining…

  2. Multimedia Approach in Teaching Mathematics--Example of Lesson about the Definite Integral Application for Determining an Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milovanovic, Marina; Takaci, Durdica; Milajic, Aleksandar

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the importance of using multimedia in the math classes by an example of multimedia lesson about definite integral and the results of the research carried out among the students of the first years of faculty, divided into two groups of 25. One group had the traditional lecture about the definite integral, while the other one…

  3. Multimedia Approach in Teaching Mathematics--Example of Lesson about the Definite Integral Application for Determining an Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milovanovic, Marina; Takaci, Durdica; Milajic, Aleksandar

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the importance of using multimedia in the math classes by an example of multimedia lesson about definite integral and the results of the research carried out among the students of the first years of faculty, divided into two groups of 25. One group had the traditional lecture about the definite integral, while the other one…

  4. Multimedia electronic mail

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Brian

    1990-08-01

    Electronic mail is a facility, analogous to postal mail, in which computers are used to compose, deliver, and receive messages. Traditional electronic mail systems rely solely on text as the medium of communication. A multi-media electronic mall application, Mail, combines the media of Rich Text, voice, images, and electronic documents to facilitate interpersonal communication. With Mail, these various media can be integrated into a single message. The variety of available media and the complexity of the messages that result from their combination make it important for Mail to have a simple user interface. It was possible to develop a simple, graphically-based interface that would accommodate Mail's message complexity. The integration of these diverse media is made practical by the rich operating environment in which Mail runs. Modern advances in hardware, operating systems, libraries, and servers make possible this powerful multi-media electronic mail application.

  5. Exploring creative activity: a software environment for multimedia systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrett, Peter W.; Jardine, David A.

    1992-03-01

    This paper examines various issues related to the theory, design, and implementation of a system that supports creative activity for a multimedia environment. The system incorporates artificial intelligence notions to acquire concepts of the problem domain. This paper investigates this environment by considering a model that is a basis for a system, which supports a history of user interaction. A multimedia system that supports creative activity is problematic. It must function as a tool allowing users to experiment dynamically with their own creative reasoning process--a very nebulous task environment. It should also support the acquisition of domain knowledge so that empirical observation can be further evaluated. This paper aims to illustrate that via the reuse of domain-specific knowledge, closely related ideas can be quickly developed. This approach is useful in the following sense: Multimedia navigational systems hardcode referential links with respect to a web or network. Although users can access or control navigation in a nonlinear (static) manner, these referential links are 'frozen' and can not capture their creative actions, which are essential in tutoring or learning applications. This paper describes a multimedia assistant based on the notion of knowledge- links, which allows users to navigate through creative information in a nonlinear (dynamic) fashion. A selection of prototype code based on object-oriented techniques and logic programming partially demonstrates this.

  6. Resource Optimization Scheme for Multimedia-Enabled Wireless Mesh Networks

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Amjad; Ahmed, Muhammad Ejaz; Piran, Md. Jalil; Suh, Doug Young

    2014-01-01

    Wireless mesh networking is a promising technology that can support numerous multimedia applications. Multimedia applications have stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements, i.e., bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss ratio. Enabling such QoS-demanding applications over wireless mesh networks (WMNs) require QoS provisioning routing protocols that lead to the network resource underutilization problem. Moreover, random topology deployment leads to have some unused network resources. Therefore, resource optimization is one of the most critical design issues in multi-hop, multi-radio WMNs enabled with multimedia applications. Resource optimization has been studied extensively in the literature for wireless Ad Hoc and sensor networks, but existing studies have not considered resource underutilization issues caused by QoS provisioning routing and random topology deployment. Finding a QoS-provisioned path in wireless mesh networks is an NP complete problem. In this paper, we propose a novel Integer Linear Programming (ILP) optimization model to reconstruct the optimal connected mesh backbone topology with a minimum number of links and relay nodes which satisfies the given end-to-end QoS demands for multimedia traffic and identification of extra resources, while maintaining redundancy. We further propose a polynomial time heuristic algorithm called Link and Node Removal Considering Residual Capacity and Traffic Demands (LNR-RCTD). Simulation studies prove that our heuristic algorithm provides near-optimal results and saves about 20% of resources from being wasted by QoS provisioning routing and random topology deployment. PMID:25111241

  7. Resource optimization scheme for multimedia-enabled wireless mesh networks.

    PubMed

    Ali, Amjad; Ahmed, Muhammad Ejaz; Piran, Md Jalil; Suh, Doug Young

    2014-08-08

    Wireless mesh networking is a promising technology that can support numerous multimedia applications. Multimedia applications have stringent quality of service (QoS) requirements, i.e., bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss ratio. Enabling such QoS-demanding applications over wireless mesh networks (WMNs) require QoS provisioning routing protocols that lead to the network resource underutilization problem. Moreover, random topology deployment leads to have some unused network resources. Therefore, resource optimization is one of the most critical design issues in multi-hop, multi-radio WMNs enabled with multimedia applications. Resource optimization has been studied extensively in the literature for wireless Ad Hoc and sensor networks, but existing studies have not considered resource underutilization issues caused by QoS provisioning routing and random topology deployment. Finding a QoS-provisioned path in wireless mesh networks is an NP complete problem. In this paper, we propose a novel Integer Linear Programming (ILP) optimization model to reconstruct the optimal connected mesh backbone topology with a minimum number of links and relay nodes which satisfies the given end-to-end QoS demands for multimedia traffic and identification of extra resources, while maintaining redundancy. We further propose a polynomial time heuristic algorithm called Link and Node Removal Considering Residual Capacity and Traffic Demands (LNR-RCTD). Simulation studies prove that our heuristic algorithm provides near-optimal results and saves about 20% of resources from being wasted by QoS provisioning routing and random topology deployment.

  8. Feature Extraction in Sequential Multimedia Images: with Applications in Satellite Images and On-line Videos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liang, Yu-Li

    Multimedia data is increasingly important in scientific discovery and people's daily lives. Content of massive multimedia is often diverse and noisy, and motion between frames is sometimes crucial in analyzing those data. Among all, still images and videos are commonly used formats. Images are compact in size but do not contain motion information. Videos record motion but are sometimes too big to be analyzed. Sequential images, which are a set of continuous images with low frame rate, stand out because they are smaller than videos and still maintain motion information. This thesis investigates features in different types of noisy sequential images, and the proposed solutions that intelligently combined multiple features to successfully retrieve visual information from on-line videos and cloudy satellite images. The first task is detecting supraglacial lakes above ice sheet in sequential satellite images. The dynamics of supraglacial lakes on the Greenland ice sheet deeply affect glacier movement, which is directly related to sea level rise and global environment change. Detecting lakes above ice is suffering from diverse image qualities and unexpected clouds. A new method is proposed to efficiently extract prominent lake candidates with irregular shapes, heterogeneous backgrounds, and in cloudy images. The proposed system fully automatize the procedure that track lakes with high accuracy. We further cooperated with geoscientists to examine the tracked lakes and found new scientific findings. The second one is detecting obscene content in on-line video chat services, such as Chatroulette, that randomly match pairs of users in video chat sessions. A big problem encountered in such systems is the presence of flashers and obscene content. Because of various obscene content and unstable qualities of videos capture by home web-camera, detecting misbehaving users is a highly challenging task. We propose SafeVchat, which is the first solution that achieves satisfactory

  9. Effectiveness of Multi-Media Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Charles W.

    Applied Business Technologies, Inc. is in the process of developing multi-media training CD's to support the implementation of its PowerCAMPUS student information system product. Multi-media training is a very powerful tool for achieving objectives. Trainees take the course at a time convenient for them and progress at a pace suited to their…

  10. Incorporating Cognitive Apprenticeship in Multi-Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Carl

    1996-01-01

    Examines the use of cognitive apprenticeships as a framework for instructional design to help address the needs of a distributed learning environment. Describes the applications of a multimedia training course that helps weather forecasters interpret radar. Findings indicate that cognitive apprenticeships can be implemented in multimedia to meet…

  11. Networked Multimedia for Communication and Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoadley, Christopher M.; And Others

    Networked multimedia is described as a tool for collaborative learning, focusing on learning through discussion. It is proposed that multimedia may be used to structure and enhance communication, thereby promoting learning. The background and application of collaborative learning is outlined. Several dimensions of media which influence the…

  12. STI Program Multimedia Initiative

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cotter, Gladys A.; Kaye, Karen

    1993-01-01

    This paper relates the experience of the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program in introducing multimedia within the STI Program framework. A discussion of multimedia technology is included to provide context for the STI Program effort. The STI Program's Multimedia Initiative is discussed in detail. Parallels and differences between multimedia and traditional information systems project development are highlighted. Challenges faced by the program in initiating its multimedia project are summarized along with lessons learned. The paper concludes with a synopsis of the benefits the program hopes to provide its users through the introduction of multimedia illustrated by examples of successful multimedia projects.

  13. Multimedia environmental management

    SciTech Connect

    Soesilo, J.A.; Wiley, W.D.

    1999-09-01

    This book explores and supports the argument that effective environmental management must be based on a multimedia approach, which focuses simultaneously on air, water, and waste and enables managers to assess the resulting financial, operation, and management benefits. The multimedia approach, which can be used to design an effective compliance program, includes proper waste and material handling management, systematic monitoring, and record keeping requirements. This approach integrates a wide array of environmental requirements and decision processes, which the authors examine in sixteen chapters, organized into four parts: the role of environmental management; environmental aspects of business operation, environmental processes; and environmental management trends. Within these parts, the authors highlight the development of modern environmental management and provide an overview of federal laws pertinent to multimedia environmental management. They examine such issues as chemical storage and transportation, tank system operations and requirements, waste determination, spill response procedures, and employee training. Environmental processes addressed in the book include the management of solid and hazardous waste, wastewater treatment systems, stormwater management, air emission control, and site remediation. The authors also briefly discuss significant initiatives in US environmental management and look toward corporate sustainable development.

  14. [A multimedia echocardiographic archive].

    PubMed

    Ciulla, M; Paliotti, R; Magrini, F

    1998-02-01

    The widespread diffusion of echocardiography requires to rationalize clinical examination archives; the recent improvement in computer processing speed and the addition of image processing capabilities on standard personal computer by using multimedia technology provide a low-cost solution to improve video digital acquisition and base management. Furthermore, the diffusion of computer networks supports the possibility of sending images in digital format from a work station to another. In this study we describe the setting-up of a system for echocardiographic image acquisition, storage, base management and analysis based on a standard multimedia Macintosh personal computer using readily available not-dedicated software. We tested the overall efficiency of this system in terms of time required to perform hardware and software procedures, storage capacity of the archive and possibility to exchange information with other wire-linked computer work-stations or via modem. This system has proven to require an acceptable time to perform all the procedures showing a high level of connectivity with other standard personal computer work-stations; however, some limitations with regard to time required in sending via modem long movie files need to be pointed out. In conclusion, in our experience new multimedia personal computer could offer to every physician with a minimum informatic knowledge the well known advantages of digital-video, at a reasonable cost.

  15. Multimedia storytelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linder, C. A.; Wilbert, M.; Holmes, R. M.

    2010-12-01

    Multimedia video presentations, which integrate still photographs with video clips, audio interviews, ambient sounds, and music, are an effective and engaging way to tell science stories. In July 2009, Linder joined professors and undergraduates on an expedition to the Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia. This IPY science project, called The Polaris Project (http://www.thepolarisproject.org), is an undergraduate research experience where students and faculty work together to increase our understanding of climate change impacts, including thawing permafrost, in this remote corner of the world. During the summer field season, Linder conducted dozens of interviews, captured over 20,000 still photographs and hours of ambient audio and video clips. Following the 2009 expedition, Linder blended this massive archive of visual and audio information into a 10-minute overview video and five student vignettes. In 2010, Linder again traveled to Siberia as part of the Polaris Project, this time mentoring an environmental journalism student who will lead the production of a video about the 2010 field season. Using examples from the Polaris productions, we will present tips, tools, and techniques for creating compelling multimedia science stories.

  16. OSI Upper Layers Support for Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davison, Wayne

    1990-01-01

    Discusses how various Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) application layer protocols can be used together, along with the Presentation and Session protocols, to support the interconnection requirements of applications. Application layer protocol standards that are currently available or under development are reviewed, and the File, Transfer,…

  17. Telerehabilitation: remote multimedia-supported assistance and mobile monitoring of balance training outcomes can facilitate the clinical staff's effort.

    PubMed

    Krpič, Andrej; Savanović, Arso; Cikajlo, Imre

    2013-06-01

    Telerehabilitation can offer prolonged rehabilitation for patients with stroke after being discharged from the hospital, whilst remote diagnostics may reduce the frequency of the outpatient services required. Here, we compared a novel telerehabilitation system for virtual reality-supported balance training with balance training with only a standing frame and with conventional therapy in the hospital. The proposed low-cost experimental system for balance training enabling multiple home systems, real-time tracking of task's performance and different views of captured data with balance training, consists of a standing frame equipped with a tilt sensor, a low-cost computer, display, and internet connection. Goal-based tasks for balance training in the virtual environment proved motivating for the participating individuals. The physiotherapist, located in the remote healthcare center, could remotely adjust the level of complexity and difficulty or preview the outcomes and instructions with the application on the mobile smartphone. Patients using the virtual reality-supported balance training showed an improvement in the task performance time of 45% and number of collisions of 68%, showing significant improvements in the Berg Balance Scale, Timed 'Up and Go', and 10 m Walk Test. The clinical outcomes were not significantly different from balance training with only the standing frame or conventional therapy. The proposed telerehabilitation can facilitate the physiotherapists' work and thus enable rehabilitation to a larger number of patients after release from the hospital because it requires less time and infrequent presence of the clinical staff. However, a comprehensive clinical evaluation is required to confirm the applicability of the concept.

  18. Building a medical multimedia database system to integrate clinical information: an application of high-performance computing and communications technology.

    PubMed Central

    Lowe, H J; Buchanan, B G; Cooper, G F; Vries, J K

    1995-01-01

    The rapid growth of diagnostic-imaging technologies over the past two decades has dramatically increased the amount of nontextual data generated in clinical medicine. The architecture of traditional, text-oriented, clinical information systems has made the integration of digitized clinical images with the patient record problematic. Systems for the classification, retrieval, and integration of clinical images are in their infancy. Recent advances in high-performance computing, imaging, and networking technology now make it technologically and economically feasible to develop an integrated, multimedia, electronic patient record. As part of The National Library of Medicine's Biomedical Applications of High-Performance Computing and Communications program, we plan to develop Image Engine, a prototype microcomputer-based system for the storage, retrieval, integration, and sharing of a wide range of clinically important digital images. Images stored in the Image Engine database will be indexed and organized using the Unified Medical Language System Metathesaurus and will be dynamically linked to data in a text-based, clinical information system. We will evaluate Image Engine by initially implementing it in three clinical domains (oncology, gastroenterology, and clinical pathology) at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Images PMID:7703940

  19. A multimedia comprehensive informatics system with decision support tools for a multi-site collaboration research of stroke rehabilitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ximing; Documet, Jorge; Garrison, Kathleen A.; Winstein, Carolee J.; Liu, Brent

    2012-02-01

    Stroke is a major cause of adult disability. The Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Arm Rehabilitation Evaluation (I-CARE) clinical trial aims to evaluate a therapy for arm rehabilitation after stroke. A primary outcome measure is correlative analysis between stroke lesion characteristics and standard measures of rehabilitation progress, from data collected at seven research facilities across the country. Sharing and communication of brain imaging and behavioral data is thus a challenge for collaboration. A solution is proposed as a web-based system with tools supporting imaging and informatics related data. In this system, users may upload anonymized brain images through a secure internet connection and the system will sort the imaging data for storage in a centralized database. Users may utilize an annotation tool to mark up images. In addition to imaging informatics, electronic data forms, for example, clinical data forms, are also integrated. Clinical information is processed and stored in the database to enable future data mining related development. Tele-consultation is facilitated through the development of a thin-client image viewing application. For convenience, the system supports access through desktop PC, laptops, and iPAD. Thus, clinicians may enter data directly into the system via iPAD while working with participants in the study. Overall, this comprehensive imaging informatics system enables users to collect, organize and analyze stroke cases efficiently.

  20. Distributed Multimedia Computing: An Assessment of the State of the Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Neil; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Describes multimedia computing and the characteristics of multimedia information. Trends in information technology are reviewed; distributed multimedia computing is explained; media types are described, including digital media; and multimedia applications are examined, including office systems, documents, information storage and retrieval,…

  1. Students' Perceptions in Developing a Multimedia Project within a Constructivist Learning Environment: A Malaysian Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neo, Mai; Neo, Tse-Kian

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a research study that was conducted in the Faculty of Creative Multimedia, Multimedia University, Malaysia, to investigate students' perceptions in developing a multimedia project within a constructivist-based learning environment. Students worked in groups to create an interactive multimedia application using an authoring…

  2. Study on Retrieval Technique of Content-Based Agricultural Scientech Multimedia Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiaorong; Wang, Wensheng

    Traditional text information-based management and utilization methods can not satisfy application demands of implicit and unstructured agriculture multimedia data. For providing a readable-friendly agriculture science & technology information service, this paper proposes a relation database model oriented multimedia data method, which implements content-based multimedia data search by indexing every kind of multimedia data.

  3. Interactive multimedia systems as communication channels in color workshops

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaudio, Alejandra; De Ponti, Javier

    2002-06-01

    Great technological advances can help us to recover communication areas that might otherwise be lost. Media competition and visual contamination frequently appear in daily communication. A notable anonymity in human relationship has emerged as a consequence of this. Educational establishments receive an overflowing number of students. Schools and students are overwhelmed by this situation. Teachers don't know their students and students usually don't know their own classmates, with all the consequences that this implies. In front of this inadequate structure of educational institutions, technology has improved the possibilities of instant answers and the dialogue between teachers and students; the unilateral exposition pronounced by teachers in front of the anonymous mass finds an alternative in multimedia systems. The present work describes Interactive Multimedia System's utilization for teaching the chromatic circle as a system of color organization. The proposed method intends to devise a theoretical and conceptual frame and its production for multimedia systems oriented to elaborate, represent, store, interact with and access to knowledge Its relevance comes from the potential contribution to build up knowledge systems that value cultural codes and at the same time make creative and motivating interactive experiences. This work concerns the realization and understanding of the chromatic circle, selection of different color systems, logical strategies for playing and studying theory and multimedia. Levels of visualization: theory, practice, developing skills, works and evaluation. Levels to study: teaching chromatic circle, multimedia supports, quality, application and linking screens, help, theory, etc; without losing the interdisciplinary nature of the work, specialist participation, and Multimedia Systems in the steps of its realization.

  4. Automated semantic indexing of imaging reports to support retrieval of medical images in the multimedia electronic medical record.

    PubMed

    Lowe, H J; Antipov, I; Hersh, W; Smith, C A; Mailhot, M

    1999-12-01

    This paper describes preliminary work evaluating automated semantic indexing of radiology imaging reports to represent images stored in the Image Engine multimedia medical record system at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. The authors used the SAPHIRE indexing system to automatically identify important biomedical concepts within radiology reports and represent these concepts with terms from the 1998 edition of the U.S. National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Metathesaurus. This automated UMLS indexing was then compared with manual UMLS indexing of the same reports. Human indexing identified appropriate UMLS Metathesaurus descriptors for 81% of the important biomedical concepts contained in the report set. SAPHIRE automatically identified UMLS Metathesaurus descriptors for 64% of the important biomedical concepts contained in the report set. The overall conclusions of this pilot study were that the UMLS metathesaurus provided adequate coverage of the majority of the important concepts contained within the radiology report test set and that SAPHIRE could automatically identify and translate almost two thirds of these concepts into appropriate UMLS descriptors. Further work is required to improve both the recall and precision of this automated concept extraction process.

  5. A usability study of users' perceptions toward a multimedia computer-assisted learning tool for neuroanatomy.

    PubMed

    Gould, Douglas J; Terrell, Mark A; Fleming, Jo

    2008-01-01

    This usability study evaluated users' perceptions of a multimedia prototype for a new e-learning tool: Anatomy of the Central Nervous System: A Multimedia Course. Usability testing is a collection of formative evaluation methods that inform the developmental design of e-learning tools to maximize user acceptance, satisfaction, and adoption. Sixty-two study participants piloted the prototype and completed a usability questionnaire designed to measure two usability properties: program need and program applicability. Statistical analyses were used to test the hypothesis that the multimedia prototype was well designed and highly usable, it was perceived as: (1) highly needed across a spectrum of educational contexts, (2) highly applicable in supporting the pedagogical processes of teaching and learning neuroanatomy, and (3) was highly usable by all types of users. Three independent variables represented user differences: level of expertise (faculty vs. student), age, and gender. Analysis of the results supports the research hypotheses that the prototype was designed well for different types of users in various educational contexts and for supporting the pedagogy of neuroanatomy. In addition, the results suggest that the multimedia program will be most useful as a neuroanatomy review tool for health-professions students preparing for licensing or board exams. This study demonstrates the importance of integrating quality properties of usability with principles of human learning during the instructional design process for multimedia products.

  6. A Usability Study of Users’ Perceptions Toward a Multimedia Computer-Assisted Learning Tool for Neuroanatomy

    PubMed Central

    Gould, Douglas J.; Terrell, Mark A.; Fleming, Jo

    2015-01-01

    This usability study evaluated users’ perceptions of a multimedia prototype for a new e-learning tool: Anatomy of the Central Nervous System: A Multimedia Course. Usability testing is a collection of formative evaluation methods that inform the developmental design of e-learning tools to maximize user acceptance, satisfaction, and adoption. Sixty-two study participants piloted the prototype and completed a usability questionnaire designed to measure two usability properties: program need and program applicability. Statistical analyses were used to test the hypothesis that the multimedia prototype was well designed and highly usable, it was perceived as: 1) highly needed across a spectrum of educational contexts, 2) highly applicable in supporting the pedagogical processes of teaching and learning neuroanatomy, and 3) was highly usable by all types of users. Three independent variables represented user differences: level of expertise (faculty vs. student), age, and gender. Analysis of the results supports the research hypotheses that the prototype was designed well for different types of users in various educational contexts and for supporting the pedagogy of neuroanatomy. In addition, the results suggest that the multimedia program will be most useful as a neuroanatomy review tool for health-professions students preparing for licensing or board exams. This study demonstrates the importance of integrating quality properties of usability with principles of human learning during the instructional design process for multimedia products. PMID:19177405

  7. Multimedia Information Retrieval Literature Review

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Pak C.; Bohn, Shawn J.; Payne, Deborah A.

    2010-10-12

    This survey paper highlights some of the recent, influential work in multimedia information retrieval (MIR). MIR is a branch area of multimedia (MM). The young and fast-growing area has received strong industrial and academic support in the United States and around the world (see Section 7 for a list of major conferences and journals of the community). The term "information retrieval" may be misleading to those with different computer science or information technology backgrounds. As shown in our discussion later, it indeed includes topics from user interaction, data analytics, machine learning, feature extraction, information visualization, and more.

  8. Content Independence in Multimedia Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Vries, Arjen P.

    2001-01-01

    Investigates the role of data management in multimedia digital libraries, and its implications for the design of database management systems. Introduces the notions of content abstraction and content independence. Proposes a blueprint of a new class of database technology, which supports the basic functionality for the management of both content…

  9. A multimedia electronic patient record (ePR) system to improve decision support in pre- and rehabilitation through clinical and movement analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Brent; Documet, Jorge; McNitt-Gray, Sarah; Requejo, Phil; McNitt-Gray, Jill

    2011-03-01

    Clinical decisions for improving motor function in patients both with disability as well as improving an athlete's performance are made through clinical and movement analysis. Currently, this analysis facilitates identifying abnormalities in a patient's motor function for a large amount of neuro-musculoskeletal pathologies. However definitively identifying the underlying cause or long-term consequences of a specific abnormality in the patient's movement pattern is difficult since this requires information from multiple sources and formats across different times and currently relies on the experience and intuition of the expert clinician. In addition, this data must be persistent for longitudinal outcomes studies. Therefore a multimedia ePR system integrating imaging informatics data could have a significant impact on decision support within this clinical workflow. We present the design and architecture of such an ePR system as well as the data types that need integration in order to develop relevant decision support tools. Specifically, we will present two data model examples: 1) A performance improvement project involving volleyball athletes and 2) Wheelchair propulsion evaluation of patients with disabilities. The end result is a new frontier area of imaging informatics research within rehabilitation engineering and biomechanics.

  10. Multimedia in the radiology environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bazzill, Todd M.; Huang, H. K.; Ramaswamy, Mohan R.; Arenson, Ronald L.

    1994-05-01

    Accessibility of multimedia information related to radiology in a timely manner is a key to success in practicing radiology in the future. In this paper we describe the concept of multimedia in the radiology environment and its implementation in our department at UCSF. This paper emphasizes the various types of databases related to radiology including HIS, RIS, PACS image database, digital voice dictation system, electronic mail and library information system. A method to interconnect these databases is through a comprehensive network architecture that also is described. As an application, we introduce the concept of a departmental image file server, for any of the 150 Macintosh users in the department to access this multimedia information.

  11. Multimedia Sampling During the Application of Biosolids on a Land Test Site

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This project integrated research from several disciplines to evaluate the effects of land application of biosolids on air and volatile emissions and soil microbial characteristics. Measurements included chemical, physical, and microbiological analytes.

  12. Using Multimedia to Introduce Your Promising Practice. Supported Education: A Promising Practice. Evidence-Based Practices KIT (Knowledge Informing Transformation)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unger, Karen V.

    2011-01-01

    Supported Education is a promising practice that helps people with mental illnesses who are interested in education and training return to school. Current research shows that Supported Education has demonstrated results. While more research is needed, Supported Education services show promise of becoming an evidence-based practice. Education…

  13. Multimedia conversion and storage in the PCS environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schumacher, Gregory D.

    1996-01-01

    Multimedia on standalone and LAN based desktop computers is exploding. Multimedia markets are growing, applications are serving new areas, available processing power is increasing, network bandwidth is increasing, and technology developments are providing new capabilities. However, multimedia development in a wireless or mobile environment is not growing at the same rate at LAN based applications. Much attention has been placed on wireless device design including power management in an attempt to increase the wireless device's capability in step with a desktop device. However not much attention has been placed on the issue of bringing multimedia applications into the mobile operating environment. This paper examines some of the issues involved with bringing multimedia applications from the desktop to the mobile environment. The interaction with mobility management is explored in terms of multimedia messaging applications.

  14. Scalable Stream Coding for Adaptive Foveation Enhanced Percept Multimedia Information Communication for Interactive Medical Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    and adaptively aggregate to tackle intense tasks, and the active video content filtering and analysis. The research produced several novel algorithmic...NUMBER OF PAGES 35 14. SUBJECT TERMS Active Networking Applications, Video Transcoding, Video Filtering, Perceptual Coding, Programmable Transport 16...PERCEPTUAL VIDEO RATE TRANSCODING ..............3 2.2 SONET: SELF-ORGANIZING ACTIVE TRANSCODING .....................................................4

  15. Multimedia Sampling During The Application Of Biosolids On A Land Test Site (Presentation)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The goal of this research study was to evaluate air and soil sampling methods and analytical techniques for commercial land application of biosolids. Biosolids, were surface applied at agronomic rates to an agricultural field. During the period of August 2004 to January 2005, 3...

  16. Creating Effective Multimedia Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sales, Gregory C.

    1999-01-01

    Presents information on several critical themes related to multimedia instruction for those involved in the design, development, or use of computer delivered instruction. Addresses software product life cycle; systematic approach to design; multimedia design and development teams; production values; critical components of effective multimedia;…

  17. A History of Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Larry Kenneth

    The history of multimedia and descriptions of various multimedia events from 1900 to 1972 are presented. The development of multimedia events is described for four eras and four main classifications of events: multiscreen presentations, electronic media and performers, environmental theater, and environments. Five appendixes include a discussion…

  18. Application of Multimedia Technology to Study the Ordinal Competences of Children from 3 to 7 Years Old

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Pedro; Gonzalez, Jose Luis

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to present an ongoing research study on the evolution of pre-numerical and pre-inductive levels of ordinal thought in students from three to seven years old. Our methodology is based on multimedia technology, an automatic and objective record of the data and minimal interaction between students and researcher. A…

  19. An approach to the creation of multimedia textbooks for radiology instruction.

    PubMed

    D'Alessandro, M P; Galvin, J R; Erkonen, W E; Santer, D M; Huntley, J S; McBurney, R M; Easley, G

    1993-07-01

    We developed a standardized approach for creating computerized multimedia textbooks based on four principles: (1) multimedia textbooks should resemble printed books, (2) the creation of multimedia textbooks should be relatively inexpensive, (3) multimedia textbooks should be completely digital, and (4) the construction of multimedia textbooks should be simple. To facilitate this approach, an inexpensive, user-friendly multimedia authoring tool called The Annotator was used. The Annotator, a Hypercard-based program that runs on any Macintosh computer, helps authors rapidly create sophisticated radiologic multimedia textbooks. This program provides a textbooklike shell that can be filled with digitized media (video clips, audio clips, images, and text). This approach, which is applicable to any multimedia hardware platform, allows the authorship of multimedia textbooks that can be easily transported to any future multimedia platform.

  20. Design and Performance Evaluation of Contention Resolution Schemes with QoS Support for Multimedia Traffic in High Bit-Rate Wireless Communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srichavengsup, Warakorn; Charoenpanichkit, Akkarapat; Wuttisittikulkij, Lunchakorn

    This paper considers the problem of contention resolution algorithm for multi-class with quality of service (QoS) constrained for wireless communication. Five different channel reservation schemes are proposed, namely, UNI+MLA, UNI+DS, UNI+DS+MLA, Partial UNI and Partial UNI+MLA schemes for multimedia traffic, all are extensions of our recently proposed UNI scheme for single-class traffic. The goal is to achieve the highest system performance and enable each traffic type to meet its QoS requirements. We evaluate the performance of each scheme by mathematical analysis. The numerical results show that our proposed schemes are effective in enabling each traffic type to achieve the best successful rate possible in this kind of environment. Finally when comparing between our proposed schemes and conventional technique in terms of both throughput performance and QoS requirements it is found that the UNI+MLA, UNI+DS+MLA and Partial UNI+MLA schemes are relatively efficient and suitable for practical applications.

  1. Supervised multimedia categorization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aldershoff, Frank; Salden, Alfons H.; Iacob, Sorin M.; Kempen, Masja

    2003-01-01

    Static multimedia on the Web can already be hardly structured manually. Although unavoidable and necessary, manual annotation of dynamic multimedia becomes even less feasible when multimedia quickly changes in complexity, i.e. in volume, modality, and usage context. The latter context could be set by learning or other purposes of the multimedia material. This multimedia dynamics calls for categorisation systems that index, query and retrieve multimedia objects on the fly in a similar way as a human expert would. We present and demonstrate such a supervised dynamic multimedia object categorisation system. Our categorisation system comes about by continuously gauging it to a group of human experts who annotate raw multimedia for a certain domain ontology given a usage context. Thus effectively our system learns the categorisation behaviour of human experts. By inducing supervised multi-modal content and context-dependent potentials our categorisation system associates field strengths of raw dynamic multimedia object categorisations with those human experts would assign. After a sufficient long period of supervised machine learning we arrive at automated robust and discriminative multimedia categorisation. We demonstrate the usefulness and effectiveness of our multimedia categorisation system in retrieving semantically meaningful soccer-video fragments, in particular by taking advantage of multimodal and domain specific information and knowledge supplied by human experts.

  2. Application of integrated GIS and multimedia modeling on NPS pollution evaluation.

    PubMed

    Lin, C E; Kao, C M; Lai, Y C; Shan, W L; Wu, C Y

    2009-11-01

    In Taiwan, nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is one of the major causes of the impairment of surface waters. I-Liao Creek, located in southern Taiwan, flows approximately 90 km and drains toward the Kaoping River. Field investigation results indicate that NPS pollution from agricultural activities is one of the main water pollution sources in the I-Liao Creek Basin. Assessing the potential of NPS pollution to assist in the planning of best management practice (BMP) is significant for improving pollution prevention and control in the I-Liao Creek Basin. In this study, land use identification in the I-Liao Creek Basin was performed by properly integrating the skills of geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS). In this analysis, 35 types of land use patterns in the watershed area of the basin are classified with the aid of Erdas Imagine process system and ArcView GIS system. Results indicate that betel palm farms, orchard farms, and tea gardens dominate the farmland areas in the basin, and are scattered around on both sides of the river corridor. An integrated watershed management model (IWMM) was applied for simulating the water quality and evaluating NPS pollutant loads to the I-Liao Creek. The model was calibrated and verified with collected water quality and soil data, and was used to investigate potential NPS pollution management plans. Simulated results indicate that NPS pollution has significant contributions to the nutrient loads to the I-Liao Creek during the wet season. Results also reveal that NPS pollution plays an important role in the deterioration of downstream water quality and caused significant increase in nutrient loads into the basin's water bodies. Simulated results show that source control, land use management, and grassy buffer strip are applicable and feasible BMPs for NPS nutrient loads reduction. GIS system is an important method for land use identification and waste load estimation in the basin. Linking the

  3. Multimedia Analysis plus Visual Analytics = Multimedia Analytics

    SciTech Connect

    Chinchor, Nancy; Thomas, James J.; Wong, Pak C.; Christel, Michael; Ribarsky, Martin W.

    2010-10-01

    Multimedia analysis has focused on images, video, and to some extent audio and has made progress in single channels excluding text. Visual analytics has focused on the user interaction with data during the analytic process plus the fundamental mathematics and has continued to treat text as did its precursor, information visualization. The general problem we address in this tutorial is the combining of multimedia analysis and visual analytics to deal with multimedia information gathered from different sources, with different goals or objectives, and containing all media types and combinations in common usage.

  4. Multimedia agent monitoring and assessment system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilmore, John F.; Pagels, Michael A.; Palk, Justin

    2001-03-01

    The explosion of Information Technology (IT) in the commercial sector in the 1990's has led to billion dollar corporations overtaking the US Government (e.g., DARPA, NSF) as the leaders in IT research and development. The tenacity of the IT industry in accelerating technology development, in response to commercial demands, has actually provided government organizations with a unique opportunity to incorporate robust commercial IT into their individual applications. This development allows government agencies to focus their limited funds on the application aspects of their problems by leveraging commercial information technology developments. This paradigm applies directly to counterdrug enforcement and support. This paper describes a system that applies the state-of-the-art in information technology to news and information exploitation to produce a Multi-media Agent Monitoring and Assessment (MAMA) system capable of tracking information for field agent use, identifying assets of organizations and individuals for seizure, and disrupting drug shipping routes.

  5. 76 FR 19128 - Extension of Time for Comments on NIJ Draft Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Office of Justice Programs Extension of Time for Comments on NIJ Draft Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence... Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and Application Guide...

  6. Optical fiber sensors for life support applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lieberman, R. A.; Schmidlin, E. M.; Ferrell, D. J.; Syracuse, S. J.

    1992-01-01

    Preliminary experimental results on systems designed to demonstrate sensor operation in regenerative food production and crew air supply applications are presented. The systems use conventional fibers and sources in conjunction with custom wavelength division multiplexers in their optical signal processing sections and nonstandard porous optical fibers in the optical sensing elements. It is considered to be possible to create practical sensors for life-support system applications, and particularly, in regenerative food production environments, based on based on reversible sensors for oxygen, carbon monoxide, and humidity.

  7. Optical fiber sensors for life support applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, R. A.; Schmidlin, E. M.; Ferrell, D. J.; Syracuse, S. J.

    1992-07-01

    Preliminary experimental results on systems designed to demonstrate sensor operation in regenerative food production and crew air supply applications are presented. The systems use conventional fibers and sources in conjunction with custom wavelength division multiplexers in their optical signal processing sections and nonstandard porous optical fibers in the optical sensing elements. It is considered to be possible to create practical sensors for life-support system applications, and particularly, in regenerative food production environments, based on based on reversible sensors for oxygen, carbon monoxide, and humidity.

  8. Good practice in multimedia courseware development.

    PubMed

    Schulz, C

    1998-01-01

    The main goal of the European TALENT/ESPRIT project is to create a generic environment for developing multimedia courseware. The first phase of the project concerns itself with developing conversion tools for converting text based course material into multimedia format. The second phase of the project adds network support to the courseware in the form of the network tutoring and networked supply chain support. One year into the project specifications for developing multimedia have been made and can be found in the project's deliverables. Also a summary of good practice in multimedia courseware development has been drawn up. First phase demonstrators (converted text based courses) are currently being prepared. This article starts with a global overview of the TALENT project itself. In more detail an overview of best practice guidelines in multimedia courseware development will be given. The information shown was obtained from an extensive survey among experts in the field of computer based training. The survey was conducted early this year as part of one of the project's deliverables. Finally some comments will be made on a multimedia demonstrator which is currently under development at HISCOM.

  9. Extracting semantics from audio-visual content: the final frontier in multimedia retrieval.

    PubMed

    Naphade, M R; Huang, T S

    2002-01-01

    Multimedia understanding is a fast emerging interdisciplinary research area. There is tremendous potential for effective use of multimedia content through intelligent analysis. Diverse application areas are increasingly relying on multimedia understanding systems. Advances in multimedia understanding are related directly to advances in signal processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, multimedia databases, and smart sensors. We review the state-of-the-art techniques in multimedia retrieval. In particular, we discuss how multimedia retrieval can be viewed as a pattern recognition problem. We discuss how reliance on powerful pattern recognition and machine learning techniques is increasing in the field of multimedia retrieval. We review the state-of-the-art multimedia understanding systems with particular emphasis on a system for semantic video indexing centered around multijects and multinets. We discuss how semantic retrieval is centered around concepts and context and the various mechanisms for modeling concepts and context.

  10. Multimedia content description framework

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bergman, Lawrence David (Inventor); Kim, Michelle Yoonk Yung (Inventor); Li, Chung-Sheng (Inventor); Mohan, Rakesh (Inventor); Smith, John Richard (Inventor)

    2003-01-01

    A framework is provided for describing multimedia content and a system in which a plurality of multimedia storage devices employing the content description methods of the present invention can interoperate. In accordance with one form of the present invention, the content description framework is a description scheme (DS) for describing streams or aggregations of multimedia objects, which may comprise audio, images, video, text, time series, and various other modalities. This description scheme can accommodate an essentially limitless number of descriptors in terms of features, semantics or metadata, and facilitate content-based search, index, and retrieval, among other capabilities, for both streamed or aggregated multimedia objects.

  11. Courseware Integration into Task-Based Learning: A Case Study of Multimedia Courseware-Supported Oral Presentations for Non-English Major Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Shu-Chiao

    2011-01-01

    This study reports on the integration of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) multimedia courseware for oral presentations into a self-learning and elective program for non-English major students in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) setting. A computer-aided instruction approach, combined with a task-based learning approach, was adopted.…

  12. Tools for Supporting Response-Based Literature Teaching and Learning: A Multimedia Exploration of the Beat Generation. Report Series 2.29.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meskill, Carla; And Others

    A project reviewed 54 commercially available multimedia products with literature as the subject matter, to determine what pedagogical approaches steered the design of literature software, and whether these were aligned with response-based views of literature teaching/learning. Findings indicated that the design of commercial products advocates an…

  13. Courseware Integration into Task-Based Learning: A Case Study of Multimedia Courseware-Supported Oral Presentations for Non-English Major Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Shu-Chiao

    2011-01-01

    This study reports on the integration of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) multimedia courseware for oral presentations into a self-learning and elective program for non-English major students in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) setting. A computer-aided instruction approach, combined with a task-based learning approach, was adopted.…

  14. Creating a Multimedia Enhanced Problem-Based Learning Environment for Middle School Science: Voices from the Developers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Min; Horton, Lucas; Lee, Jaejin; Kang, Jina; Rosenblum, Jason; O'Hair, Matthew; Lu, Chu-Wei

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the design and development process used to create Alien Rescue, a multimedia-enhanced learning environment that supports problem-based learning (PBL) in middle school science. The goal of the project is to further our understandings of technology, pedagogy, and instructional theories as they relate to the application of PBL…

  15. Creating a Multimedia Enhanced Problem-Based Learning Environment for Middle School Science: Voices from the Developers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Min; Horton, Lucas; Lee, Jaejin; Kang, Jina; Rosenblum, Jason; O'Hair, Matthew; Lu, Chu-Wei

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the design and development process used to create Alien Rescue, a multimedia-enhanced learning environment that supports problem-based learning (PBL) in middle school science. The goal of the project is to further our understandings of technology, pedagogy, and instructional theories as they relate to the application of PBL…

  16. Technology Review for Mobile Multimedia Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styliaras, Georgios

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, the technological advancement in mobile devices has made possible the development of hypermedia applications that exploit their features. A potential application domain for mobile devices is multimedia educational applications and modules. Such modules may be shared, commented and further reused under other circumstances through the…

  17. Technology Review for Mobile Multimedia Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styliaras, Georgios

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, the technological advancement in mobile devices has made possible the development of hypermedia applications that exploit their features. A potential application domain for mobile devices is multimedia educational applications and modules. Such modules may be shared, commented and further reused under other circumstances through the…

  18. The Role of Facilities and Faculty Peer-to-Peer Mentoring in Supporting Faculty's Use of Multimedia/Computer Technologies in Support of Classroom Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haffner, Arthur W.; Kress, Michael E.

    This paper outlines characteristics of the digital information infrastructure at the College of Staten Island--City University of New York. It describes the college's vision for supporting faculty use of technology; the successful use of faculty peer-to-peer mentoring for expanding the pedagogic use of word processing, e-mail, listservs, home…

  19. Next Generation Multimedia Distributed Data Base Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pendleton, Stuart E.

    1997-01-01

    The paradigm of client/server computing is changing. The model of a server running a monolithic application and supporting clients at the desktop is giving way to a different model that blurs the line between client and server. We are on the verge of plunging into the next generation of computing technology--distributed object-oriented computing. This is not only a change in requirements but a change in opportunities, and requires a new way of thinking for Information System (IS) developers. The information system demands caused by global competition are requiring even more access to decision making tools. Simply, object-oriented technology has been developed to supersede the current design process of information systems which is not capable of handling next generation multimedia.

  20. Next Generation Multimedia Distributed Data Base Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pendleton, Stuart E.

    1997-01-01

    The paradigm of client/server computing is changing. The model of a server running a monolithic application and supporting clients at the desktop is giving way to a different model that blurs the line between client and server. We are on the verge of plunging into the next generation of computing technology--distributed object-oriented computing. This is not only a change in requirements but a change in opportunities, and requires a new way of thinking for Information System (IS) developers. The information system demands caused by global competition are requiring even more access to decision making tools. Simply, object-oriented technology has been developed to supersede the current design process of information systems which is not capable of handling next generation multimedia.

  1. Multimedia in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Carol

    1993-01-01

    Offers several definitions of multimedia, identifies a sample of the most popular multimedia technologies, and provides a discussion of their content. Summaries of software and a few brief case studies of successful elementary and secondary implementations are presented. Addresses of publishers of products mentioned in the article are appended.…

  2. Multimedia Budget Presentations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Jonathon T.; Rodabaugh, Karl

    This book provides an overview of the potential of multimedia budget proposals. The text reviews the fundamentals of multimedia, emphasizing how it improves communication by using multiple levels of input. A process for analyzing many of the budget decisions that must be made, as adapted from Robert Finney's five-step process of "Gap…

  3. Teaching with Interactive Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Tim

    Based on the idea that anyone who is interested in making entertaining and informative presentations in educational settings is interested in multimedia, this practical guide offers tips for communication (and other) teachers who want to integrate and program interactive multimedia into their courses. The guide suggests that teachers on limited…

  4. Malaysia's Multimedia Super Corridor and Roles of Information Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Edna

    In Malaysia, the government is supporting the diffusion of the Internet and is spearheading a project to bring Malaysia into the information age, by helping to design a smart city called the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC). The MSC is being planned as a high-technology center where world-class multimedia companies can develop state-of-the-art…

  5. Towards an Adaptive Multimedia Learning Environment: Enhancing the Student Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurzel, Frank; Slay, Jill; Rath, Michelle; Chau, Yenha

    This paper describes the development of an adaptive multimedia learning environment that utilizes multimedia presentation techniques in its interface while still providing Internet connectivity for management and delivery purposes. The system supports the WWW as its addressing space but uses the local client areas to store media items expensive in…

  6. Intelligent Multi-Media Presentation Using Rhetorical Structure Theory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Intelligent Multi-Media Presentation Using Rhetorical Structure Theory Steven Wark and Marcin Nowina... Theory , to support dynamic selection of the presentation content based on user needs and preferences. It describes an XML format developed to represent...UNCLASSIFIED Intelligent Multi-Media Presentation Using Rhetorical Structure Theory Executive Summary The era of ‘Big Data’ has

  7. Benefits and Challenges of Distributing Multimedia over Local and Wide Area Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eager, William

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the use of multimedia for communication, information, and training in large organizations through local area networks and wide area networks. New applications for multimedia are reviewed; network design considerations are discussed; requirements for multimedia software are described; and system security is considered. (LRW)

  8. The construction of multimedia teaching resource base based on campus network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Bin

    2017-03-01

    Multimedia teaching is the important embodiment of modern education, is an important approach to improve the quality of teaching. In the current environment, campus network construction and application of multimedia teaching resource must be combined with school practice, explore the resources integration of multimedia technology in the campus network environment, in order to realize the long-term development of higher education.

  9. Effect of the Use of Multimedia on Students' Performance: A Case Study of Social Studies Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ilhan, Genç Osman; Oruç, Sahin

    2016-01-01

    The rapidly changing technological developments have affected education as it does every other fields of human endeavor. The number of technology applications used in education increases every day. One of these tools is multimedia. In the studies about the use of multimedia in education, it has been reached that multimedia increases students'…

  10. An Exploratory Crossover Study of Learner Perceptions of Use of Audio in Multimedia-Based Tutorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Chong Ho; Jannasch-Pennell, Angel; DiGangi, Samuel; Kaprolet, Charles

    2009-01-01

    While multimedia-based training is prevalent in education, previous studies do not reach consensus on its application. This discrepancy might be due to the fact that multimedia programs implemented in various training programs are very diverse. A multimedia program might include graphics, animation, video, audio, and interactive exercises. This…

  11. Logical Meanings in Multimedia Learning Materials: A Multimodal Discourse Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorvilas, George

    2014-01-01

    Multimedia educational applications convey meanings through several semiotic modes (e.g. text, image, sound, etc.). There is an urgent need for multimedia designers as well as for teachers to understand the meaning potential of these artifacts and discern the communicative purposes they serve. Towards this direction, a hermeneutic semiotic…

  12. Audio-Vision: Audio-Visual Interaction in Desktop Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Lee

    Although sophisticated multimedia authoring applications are now available to amateur programmers, the use of audio in of these programs has been inadequate. Due to the lack of research in the use of audio in instruction, there are few resources to assist the multimedia producer in using sound effectively and efficiently. This paper addresses the…

  13. Multimedia on the Network: Has Its Time Come?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbreath, Jeremy

    1995-01-01

    Examines the match between multimedia data and local area network (LAN) infrastructures. Highlights include applications for networked multimedia, i.e., asymmetric and symmetric; alternate LAN technology, including stream management software, Ethernet, FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interface), and ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode); WAN (Wide Area…

  14. Research and Prediction of the Application of Multimedia Teaching Aid in Teaching Technical Education on the 2nd Level of Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stebila, Ján

    2011-01-01

    The purpose and the main aim of the pedagogic experiment were to practically verify the success of Multimedia Teaching Aid (MTA) in conditions of primary schools. We assumed that the use of our multimedia teaching aid in teaching technical education on the 2nd level of primary schools would significantly affect the level of knowledge of pupils…

  15. A multimedia database for dermatology.

    PubMed

    Kindler, H; Densow, D; Baranov, A E; Fliedner, T M; Peter, R U

    1998-01-01

    The World Health Organisation (WHO) Radiation Emergency Medical Preparedness (REMPAN) centres have built up the International Computer Database for Radiation Accident Case Histories (ICDREC) to document the treatment of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) patients. Radiation induced skin lesions may cause severe late effects in radiation accident patients. Dermatological multimedia documentation is included into the ICDREC. In particular, retrieval and display of digitised skin photographs and medical reports serves to improve patient care, medical education, and scientific analysis concerning the cutaneous radiation syndrome (CRS). The database has been built up as a client/server system. A particular focus has been set on using commercial off-the-shelf software components. The medical data including the multimedia data are stored in a relational database system. The database can be accessed by inexpensive personal computers in the dermatologist's workplace. Authorised institutions can access the database via the Internet. Retrieval of one skin photograph via local area network (LAN) requires approximately 3 seconds. The current state of the application is illustrated with the skin lesion treatment of a Chernobyl patient. An example is given on how to access the ICDREC from a dermatologist's desktop personal computer. The discussion focuses on the advantages of storing the textual and pictorial data in one central database to be accessed from different care centres and how the results can be generalised for medical multimedia information systems.

  16. Multimedia and Composition: Synthesizing Multimedia Discourse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Gary

    This study examines the multi-modal synthesis of source examples in student compositions. Multimedia is used to present on-screen text and video information on Chinese superstitions and traditions, and then to prompt subjects to write. The research compares the number and kinds of examples students produce in their writing. Kind refers to the…

  17. Technology Applications that Support Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Henderson, Edward M.; Holderman, Mark L.

    2011-01-01

    Several enabling technologies have been identified that would provide significant benefits for future space exploration. In-Space demonstrations should be chosen so that these technologies will have a timely opportunity to improve efficiencies and reduce risks for future spaceflight. An early window exists to conduct ground and flight demonstrations that make use of existing assets that were developed for the Space Shuttle and the Constellation programs. The work could be mostly performed using residual program civil servants, existing facilities and current commercial launch capabilities. Partnering these abilities with the emerging commercial sector, along with other government agencies, academia and with international partners would provide an affordable and timely approach to get the launch costs down for these payloads, while increasing the derived benefits to a larger community. There is a wide scope of varied technologies that are being considered to help future space exploration. However, the cost and schedule would be prohibitive to demonstrate all these in the near term. Determining which technologies would yield the best return in meeting our future space needs is critical to building an achievable Space Architecture that allows exploration beyond Low Earth Orbit. The best mix of technologies is clearly to be based on our future needs, but also must take into account the availability of existing assets and supporting partners. Selecting those technologies that have complimentary applications will provide the most knowledge, with reasonable cost, for future use The plan is to develop those applications that not only mature the technology but actually perform a useful task or mission. These might include such functions as satellite servicing, a propulsion stage, processing lunar regolith, generating and transmitting solar power, cryogenic fluid transfer and storage and artificial gravity. Applications have been selected for assessment for future

  18. Multimedia data authentication in wavelet domain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jinwei; Lian, Shiguo; Liu, Zhongxuan; Zhen, Ren; Dai, Yuewei

    2006-04-01

    With the wide application of multimedia data, multimedia content protection becomes urgent. Till now, various means have been reported, which can be classified into several types according to their functionalities, such as data encryption, digital watermarking or data authentication. They are used to protect multimedia data's confidentiality, ownership and integrity, respectively. For multimedia data authentication, some approaches have been proposed. In this paper, a wavelet-based multi-feature semi-fragile authentication scheme is proposed. According to the approximation component and the energy relationship between the subbands of the detail component, global feature and local feature are both generated. Then, the global watermark and local watermark are generated from global feature and local feature, respectively. The watermarks are then embedded into the multimedia data themselves in the wavelet domain. Both the feature extraction and embedding processes are controlled by secret keys to improve the security of the proposed scheme. In the receiver end, the extracted watermark and the one generated from the received image are compared to determine the tampered location. A new authentication method is designed and it is proved valid in the experiments. This authentication scheme is robust to general compression, sensitive to cutting, pasting or modification, efficient in real-time operation, and secure for practical applications.

  19. Telematics Applications for High Quality Educational and Clinical Support to Practicing Professionals and Medical Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthies, H. K.; Walter, G. F.; Stan, A. C.; Ammann, A.; von Jan, U.; Porth, A. J.

    This paper begins with a discussion of using multimedia technologies for education and teleconsultation using PC-based video-conferencing equipment. An overview is provided of the G7 (i.e., an informal forum of the seven major industrialized democracies) Global Healthcare Applications Project (GHAP), which aims at improving the quality and cost…

  20. Implementation of Computer Multimedia for Diabetes Prevention in African-American Women

    PubMed Central

    Gerber, Ben; Davis, Kara; Wideman, Danita; Berbaum, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Two urban churches received touch-screen computers with health education software installed. The software included a multimedia application on diabetes risk factor reduction tailored for African-American women. A “Computer Promoter” was recruited at each church to encourage computer use and provide basic technical support. After one year following implementation, two focus groups of congregants discussed barriers to computer use. Computer usage was related to church leadership, hardware location, promoter enthusiasm, and current interest level in prevention. PMID:16779249

  1. Multimedia in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haight, Richard C.

    1990-01-01

    The Soapbox system, which allows a presenter to control a multimedia presentation from the touchscreen located on the lectern, is described. The Soapbox allows the integration of slides, videodiscs, desktop publishing, electronic blackboards, video players, and the room lights. (KR)

  2. Multimedia in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haight, Richard C.

    1990-01-01

    The Soapbox system, which allows a presenter to control a multimedia presentation from the touchscreen located on the lectern, is described. The Soapbox allows the integration of slides, videodiscs, desktop publishing, electronic blackboards, video players, and the room lights. (KR)

  3. SAM: speech-aware applications in medicine to support structured data entry.

    PubMed Central

    Wormek, A. K.; Ingenerf, J.; Orthner, H. F.

    1997-01-01

    In the last two years, improvement in speech recognition technology has directed the medical community's interest to porting and using such innovations in clinical systems. The acceptance of speech recognition systems in clinical domains increases with recognition speed, large medical vocabulary, high accuracy, continuous speech recognition, and speaker independence. Although some commercial speech engines approach these requirements, the greatest benefit can be achieved in adapting a speech recognizer to a specific medical application. The goals of our work are first, to develop a speech-aware core component which is able to establish connections to speech recognition engines of different vendors. This is realized in SAM. Second, with applications based on SAM we want to support the physician in his/her routine clinical care activities. Within the STAMP project (STAndardized Multimedia report generator in Pathology), we extend SAM by combining a structured data entry approach with speech recognition technology. Another speech-aware application in the field of Diabetes care is connected to a terminology server. The server delivers a controlled vocabulary which can be used for speech recognition. PMID:9357730

  4. SAM: speech-aware applications in medicine to support structured data entry.

    PubMed

    Wormek, A K; Ingenerf, J; Orthner, H F

    1997-01-01

    In the last two years, improvement in speech recognition technology has directed the medical community's interest to porting and using such innovations in clinical systems. The acceptance of speech recognition systems in clinical domains increases with recognition speed, large medical vocabulary, high accuracy, continuous speech recognition, and speaker independence. Although some commercial speech engines approach these requirements, the greatest benefit can be achieved in adapting a speech recognizer to a specific medical application. The goals of our work are first, to develop a speech-aware core component which is able to establish connections to speech recognition engines of different vendors. This is realized in SAM. Second, with applications based on SAM we want to support the physician in his/her routine clinical care activities. Within the STAMP project (STAndardized Multimedia report generator in Pathology), we extend SAM by combining a structured data entry approach with speech recognition technology. Another speech-aware application in the field of Diabetes care is connected to a terminology server. The server delivers a controlled vocabulary which can be used for speech recognition.

  5. Webifying a patient interview support application.

    PubMed

    Warren, J R; Tyerman, S P

    1998-01-01

    This paper reports on the software engineering challenges, and resultant benefits experienced, in porting an interactive, knowledge-based system from Microsoft Windows to the World Wide Web for evaluation purposes. The Patients Interview Support Application (PISA) is a program intended for operation by a non-expert clerk to interview an ambulatory primary care patient. The PISA code had to be re-written substantially to address the 'connectionless' nature of Web dialog and to work in terms of dynamically generated HTML forms; however, it was possible to avoid any revision of the central knowledge-base or inference engine. The resultant Web environment attracted thought-provoking and detailed feedback from users, indicating that significant attention can be obtained from the global community by mounting an interactive system on the Web. Specific enhancements to the PISA's artificial intelligence are suggested by user reaction. A future global health informatics 'marketplace' with a multidue of Web-based system components available for composition of health information systems is envisioned.

  6. Dynamic multimedia annotation tool

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pfund, Thomas; Marchand-Maillet, Stephane

    2001-12-01

    Annotating image collections is crucial for different multimedia applications. Not only this provides an alternative access to visual information but it is a critical step to perform the evaluation of content-based image retrieval systems. Annotation is a tedious task so that there is a real need for developing tools that lighten the work of annotators. The tool should be flexible and offer customization so as to make the annotator the most comfortable. It should also automate the most tasks as possible. In this paper, we present a still image annotation tool that has been developed with the aim of being flexible and adaptive. The principle is to create a set of dynamic web pages that are an interface to a SQL database. The keyword set is fixed and every image receives from concurrent annotators a set of keywords along with time stamps and annotator Ids. Each annotator has the possibility of going back and forth within the collection and its previous annotations. He is helped by a number of search services and customization options. An administrative section allows the supervisor to control the parameter of the annotation, including the keyword set, given via an XML structure. The architecture of the tool is made flexible so as to accommodate further options through its development.

  7. Multimedia in Modern Language Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raya, Manuel Jimenez

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the professional development of primary modern language teachers through the use of new technologies. The paper explores principles upon which the development of a multimedia learning environment, FLiP (Foreign Languages in Primary), was constructed. Ways in which technology can support the principles of effective professional…

  8. Multimedia Tutors for Science and Engineering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolf, Beverly Park; Poli, Corrado; Grosse, Ian; Day, Roberta

    We have built several multimedia tutors for science and engineering education. This paper discusses Design for Manufacturing tutors and an electronic homework systems used by over 2000 students daily. The engineering tutors instruct students on efficient procedures for designing parts for manufacture. The goal is to support a deeper understanding…

  9. Multimedia Centers: Concepts for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crannell, Philip A.

    Because of public demand for access to new media, librarians must be able to provide specialized systems and facilities. To support librarians in the planning and rethinking of new multimedia libraries, the firm of Gee & Jenson, which specializes in library design, created this guide. It provides an illustration of the possibilities and…

  10. Usability Studies of a Remedial Multimedia System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anjaneyulu, K. S. R.; Singer, R. A.; Harding, R.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the formative evaluation of a multimedia computer system that provides remedial support for university students learning concepts concerning the structure and function of the human brain and describes usability studies of the system using the Software Usability Measurement Inventory (SUMI). Analysis of SUMI items and the student…

  11. Choosing Multimedia CD-ROM Encyclopedias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Linda A.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses reasons why K-12 school libraries should purchase multimedia CD-ROMs and reviews 4 interactive CD-ROM encyclopedias based on interface, search capabilities, printing and presentation, product support, and overall educational value. Provides example computer screens and a comparison of the reviewed CD-ROMs. (Author/JMV)

  12. THE EPA MULTIMEDIA INTEGRATED MODELING SYSTEM SOFTWARE SUITE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA is developing a Multimedia Integrated Modeling System (MIMS) framework that will provide a software infrastructure or environment to support constructing, composing, executing, and evaluating complex modeling studies. The framework will include (1) common software ...

  13. THE EPA MULTIMEDIA INTEGRATED MODELING SYSTEM SOFTWARE SUITE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. EPA is developing a Multimedia Integrated Modeling System (MIMS) framework that will provide a software infrastructure or environment to support constructing, composing, executing, and evaluating complex modeling studies. The framework will include (1) common software ...

  14. Reinventing multimedia delivery with MPEG-DASH

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sodagar, Iraj; Pyle, Harry

    2011-09-01

    This paper reviews the design concepts of the MPEG-DASH standard and how it can be employed for the delivery of live multimedia content over the Internet. MPEG-DASH is the MPEG's newest standard for streaming of multimedia content and is designed to leverage the extensive HTTP infrastructure that has evolved with the growth of the World Wide Web. The standard defines specifications for manifest and segment formats used between the content servers and the client devices. This paper focuses on the live streaming of video content, its challenges and how MPEG-DASH can be used for this application.

  15. Reliable transmission of security-enabled multimedia over the Internet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, David E.; Ahmed, Farid

    2003-09-01

    In this paper we address the reliable transmission of security-enabled multimedia data over the internet which is becoming increasingly vulnerable to a variety of cyber-attacks. Due to their real-timeliness aspect, multimedia data in Internet mostly uses User Datagram Protocol(UDP) as the transport media as opposed to the Transport Control Protocol (TCP). UDP is inherently an unreliable transport media that results in certain unacknowledged packet losses. Multimedia applications usually can tolerate some packet losses for its rendering at the receiver side. But, for the security-enhanced multimedia that we are talking about, reliability of reception of most of the packets within a certain tolerance time need to be guaranteed. This is where we come in with a new protocol that ensures packet-level reliability as well as stream-level authentication of multimedia.

  16. A relational database application in support of integrated neuroscience research.

    PubMed

    Rudowsky, Ira; Kulyba, Olga; Kunin, Mikhail; Ogarodnikov, Dmitri; Raphan, Theodore

    2004-12-01

    The development of relational databases has significantly improved the performance of storage, search, and retrieval functions and has made it possible for applications that perform real-time data acquisition and analysis to interact with these types of databases. The purpose of this research was to develop a user interface for interaction between a data acquisition and analysis application and a relational database using the Oracle9i system. The overall system was designed to have an indexing capability that threads into the data acquisition and analysis programs. Tables were designed and relations within the database for indexing the files and information contained within the files were established. The system provides retrieval capabilities over a broad range of media, including analog, event, and video data types. The system's ability to interact with a data capturing program at the time of the experiment to create both multimedia files as well as the meta-data entries in the relational database avoids manual entries in the database and ensures data integrity and completeness for further interaction with the data by analysis applications.

  17. Response-based Multimedia and the Culture of the Classroom: A Pilot Study of "Kid's Space" in Four Elementary Classrooms. Report Series 2.26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meskill, Carla; Swan, Karen

    A pilot study describes the prototype design and classroom implementation of "Kid's Space," a response-based multimedia application for literature teaching and learning. "Kid's Space" was designed around the metaphor of a universe populated by the individual student's world. Each world supports a variety of personal spaces in…

  18. Special Computer Aided Education Using Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San, Lei Chu; Hong, Io Hio

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the use of computer-assisted instruction with multimedia for people with disabilities. Considers the needs of children with disabilities and learning difficulties, and presents an example of a voice-assistant system for blind people. Further applications are also discussed. (LRW)

  19. Articulated Multimedia Physics, Lesson 9, Universal Gravitation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Inst. of Tech., Old Westbury.

    As the ninth lesson of the Articulated Multimedia Physics Course, instructional materials relating to universal gravitation are presented in this study guide. The subject is concerned with the quantitative meaning of the law of universal gravitation and its applications in astronomy. The content is arranged in scrambled form, and the use of matrix…

  20. Fuzzy control and multimedia with examples from law enforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hackwood, Susan

    1995-06-01

    We present an extension of fuzzy controllers to include multimedia rules, i.e., rules which do not include verbal or numerical descriptors. We describe the structure and construction of such a multimedia fuzzy controller. In particular, we describe an empirical but unbiased methodology to measure, from human subjects, distances in feature space and hence determine fuzzy memberships. We also propose a practical multimedia fuzzy controller and describe its application examples are given from the law enforcement field where man-machine interactions are important and applications of the methodology described in this paper appear promising.

  1. Application of the Multimedia Urban Model to estimate the emissions and environmental fate of PAHs in Tarragona County, Catalonia, Spain.

    PubMed

    Domínguez-Morueco, Noelia; Diamond, Miriam L; Sierra, Jordi; Schuhmacher, Marta; Domingo, José L; Nadal, Martí

    2016-12-15

    The Multimedia Urban Model (MUM-Fate) was used to estimate the emissions, fate and transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Tarragona County, Catalonia, Spain, where the largest chemical/petrochemical industrial complex of Southern Europe is located. MUM-Fate is a Level III steady-state fugacity model consisting of seven bulk media compartments (lower and upper air, surface water, sediment, soil, vegetation, and an organic film that coats impervious surfaces). The model was parameterized according to environmental conditions in Tarragona County, and used to back-calculate emissions from measured air concentrations of naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, and benzo[a]pyrene. Modelled results in soils were within the range reported for measured concentrations. Estimated emissions of ∑6PAH were 42ty(-1), with phenanthrene having the greatest value (16ty(-1)). The fate and transport of ∑6PAH were subsequently estimated by running the model an illustrative emission rate of 1molh(-1). Organic film on impervious surfaces was the compartment that achieved the highest concentrations of PAHs, being up to 2·10(8)ngm(-)(3). However, as the film conveys chemicals to surface waters, the persistence in this compartment was <1day. Soils and sediments were the greatest sinks for PAHs, with a persistence of 100-1000days. The greatest loss of PAHs was due to advection from air, followed by photodegradation from air. These results provide a first approximation of the current emissions and fate of PAHs in Tarragona County. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Compact Multimedia Systems in Multi-chip Module Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fang, Wai-Chi; Alkalaj, Leon

    1995-01-01

    This tutorial paper shows advanced multimedia system designs based on multi-chip module (MCM) technologies that provide essential computing, compression, communication, and storage capabilities for various large scale information highway applications.!.

  3. Robust video and audio-based synchronization of multimedia files

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raichel, Benjamin A.; Bajcsy, Peter

    2010-02-01

    This paper addresses the problem of robust and automated synchronization of multiple audio and video signals. The input signals are from a set of independent multimedia recordings coming from several camcorders and microphones. While the camcorders are static, the microphones are mobile as they are attached to people. The motivation for synchronization of all signals is to support studies and understanding of human interaction in a decision support environment that have been limited so far due to the difficulties in automated processing of any observations during the decision making sessions. The application of our work is to environments supporting decisions. The data sets for this work have been acquired during training exercises of response teams, rescue workers, and fire fighters at multiple locations. The developed synchronization methodology for a set of independent multimedia recordings is based on introducing aural and visual landmarks with a bell and room light switches. Our approach to synchronization is based on detecting the landmarks in audio and video signals per camcorder and per microphone, and then fusing the results to increase robustness and accuracy of the synchronization. We report synchronization results that demonstrate accuracy of synchronization based on video and audio.

  4. Differentiated QoS-aware priority handoff in cell-based multimedia wireless network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Huan; Kumar, Sunil; Kuo, C.-C. Jay

    2000-04-01

    One key issue of providing multimedia services over a mobile wireless network is the quality of service (QoS) support in the presence of changing network connectivity. The trend of using pico-cells in wireless networks to gain more spatial efficiency increases the rate of call handoffs when mobile users move from one cell to another. Frequent handoffs make it very difficult to support QoS for multimedia applications. In this research, we investigate a potential solution to meet the challenge of seamless resource transition during frequent handoffs by combining the differentiated QoS service model and the priority handoff mechanism. We perform simulations with OPNET. Results show a tradeoff between system utilization and handoff blocking rates for different QoS classes.

  5. Transactional interactive multimedia banner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shae, Zon-Yin; Wang, Xiping; von Kaenel, Juerg

    2000-05-01

    Advertising in TV broadcasting has shown that multimedia is a very effective means to present merchandise and attract shoppers. This has been applied to the Web by including animated multimedia banner ads on web pages. However, the issues of coupling interactive browsing, shopping, and secure transactions e.g. from inside a multimedia banner, have only recently started to being explored. Currently there is an explosively growing amount of back-end services available (e.g., business to business commerce (B2B), business to consumer (B2C) commerce, and infomercial services) in the Internet. These services are mostly accessible through static HTML web pages at a few specific web portals. In this paper, we will investigate the feasibility of using interactive multimedia banners as pervasive access point for the B2C, B2B, and infomercial services. We present a system architecture that involves a layer of middleware agents functioning as the bridge between the interactive multimedia banners and back-end services.

  6. Real-time multimedia tagging and content-based retrieval for CCTV surveillance systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perrott, Alan; Lindsay, Adam T.; Parkes, Alan P.

    2002-07-01

    As the number of installed surveillance cameras increases, and the cost of storing the compressed digital multimedia decreases, the CCTV industry is facing the prospect of large multimedia archives where it may be very difficult to locate specific content. To be able to get the full benefit of this wealth of multimedia data, we need to be able to automatically highlight events of interest to the operator in real-time. We also need to make it possible to quickly identify and retrieve content which meets particular criteria. We show how advances in the Internet and multimedia systems can be used to effectively analyze, tag, store, search and retrieve multimedia content in surveillance systems. IP cameras are utilized for multimedia compression and delivery over the Internet or intranet. The recorded multimedia is analyzed in real-time, and metadata descriptors are automatically generated to describe the multimedia content. The emerging ISO MPEG-7 standard is used to define application-specific multimedia descriptors and description schemes, and to enforce a standard Description Definition Language (DDL) for multimedia management. Finally, a graphical multimedia retrieval application is used to provide content-based searching, browsing, retrieval and playback over the Internet or intranet.

  7. Multimedia Environmental Distribution of Nanomaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Haoyang Haven

    Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), which may be released to the environment due to human-related activities, can move across environmental phase boundaries and be found in most media. Given the rapid development and growing applications of nanotechnology, there is concern and thus the need to assess the potential environmental impact associated with ENMs. Accordingly, a modeling platform was developed to enable evaluation of the dynamic multimedia environmental distribution of ENMs (MendNano) and the range of potential exposure concentrations of ENMs. The MendNano was based on a dynamic multimedia compartmental modeling approach that was guided by detailed analysis of the agglomeration of ENMs, life-cycle analysis based estimates of their potential release to the environment, and incorporation of mechanistic sub-models of various intermedia transport processes. Model simulations for various environmental scenarios indicated that ENM accumulation in the sediment increased significantly with increased ENMs attachment to suspended solids in water. Atmospheric dry and wet depositions can be important pathways for ENMs input to the terrestrial environment in the absence of direct and distributed ENM release to soil. Increased ENM concentration in water due to atmospheric deposition (wet and dry) is expected as direct ENM release to water diminishes. However, for soluble ENMs dissolution can be the dominant pathway for suspended ENM removal from water even compared to advective transport. For example, simulations for Los Angeles showed that dry deposition, rain scavenging, and wind dilution can remove 90% of ENMs from the atmospheric airshed in ~100-230 days, ~2-6 hrs, and ~0.5-2 days, respectively. For the evaluated ENMs (metal, metal oxides, carbon nanotubes (CNT), nanoclays), mass accumulation in the multimedia environment was mostly in the soil and sediment. Additionally, simulation results for TiO2 in Los Angeles demonstrates that the ENM concentrations in air and

  8. Expert system supports optimal AC motors application

    SciTech Connect

    Ilinski, N.F.

    1997-06-01

    Having been invented more than a hundred years ago three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors still play a leading role in electromechanical energy conversion process and have miscellaneous applications in all modern technologies converting more than 60 per cent of electric energy into mechanical work. Standard general purpose AC motors have a very simple and highly optimized construction, perfectly organized production and amazingly low cost. Problems arise mainly in the application area so far as general purpose motors are produced as standard series but ambient, operating, feeding and loading conditions can drastically vary even in very regular cases of application.

  9. Three multimedia models used at hazardous and radioactive waste sites

    SciTech Connect

    1996-01-01

    The report provides an approach for evaluating and critically reviewing the capabilities of multimedia models. The study focused on three specific models: MEPAS version 3.0, MMSOILS Version 2.2, and PRESTO-EPA-CPG Version 2.0. The approach to model review advocated in the study is directed to technical staff responsible for identifying, selecting and applying multimedia models for use at sites containing radioactive and hazardous materials. In the report, restrictions associated with the selection and application of multimedia models for sites contaminated with radioactive and mixed wastes are highlighted.

  10. Training using multimedia in the oil and gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bihn, G.C.

    1997-02-01

    Multimedia is becoming a widely used and accepted tool in general education. From preschool to the university, multimedia is promising and delivering some very impressive results. Its application in specific industry segments, like oil and gas, is expected to proliferate within the very near future. In fact, many titles are already on the market or in development. The objective of this article is to present an overview of the current state of multimedia as used in petroleum industry training and to provide managers with a feel for not only the technology but, more importantly, what benefit the technology is expected to bring to their organization.

  11. Learner-Formulated Questions in Technology-Supported Learning Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heinrich, Eva; Johnson, Russell; Luo, Daoshui; Maurer, Hermann; Sapper, Marianne

    This paper looks at learner-formulated questions in technology-supported learning applications. Traditionally, technology-supported learning applications request input from the learner. The learner's response is used to assess the knowledge of the learner, to define a navigation path through the material or to construct a learner model. The…

  12. Advances in Computer-Supported Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neto, Francisco; Brasileiro, Francisco

    2007-01-01

    The Internet and growth of computer networks have eliminated geographic barriers, creating an environment where education can be brought to a student no matter where that student may be. The success of distance learning programs and the availability of many Web-supported applications and multimedia resources have increased the effectiveness of…

  13. Advances in Computer-Supported Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neto, Francisco; Brasileiro, Francisco

    2007-01-01

    The Internet and growth of computer networks have eliminated geographic barriers, creating an environment where education can be brought to a student no matter where that student may be. The success of distance learning programs and the availability of many Web-supported applications and multimedia resources have increased the effectiveness of…

  14. Multimedia regulated chemicals

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, C.C.; Huffman, G.L.; Mao, Y.L.

    1999-10-01

    This article examines those chemicals that are listed in either environmental laws or regulations. Its objective is to help readers determine which laws regulate what types of chemicals and which types of chemicals are regulated by what laws. It is multimedia in scope, describing the various chemicals that are regulated in the different media (i.e., air, water, or land).

  15. Storyboarding Multimedia Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Linda C.

    2000-01-01

    Understanding how to include interactivity when designing multimedia-based training (MBT) storyboards is a major key for a successful MBT. Discusses the basic formats of interactions and when to use each format. Describes how to storyboard and areas to address, including: the display area, prompts, branching, programming and graphics notes,…

  16. Worship and Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Ken

    In the spring of 1971 a study was conducted at various religious student centers at the University of Texas at Austin to determine the effectiveness of a multimedia presentation in several worship services. Effectiveness was defined as: 1) acceptance of the quality of the presentation by a distinct group of viewers; and 2) their recognition of…

  17. Multimedia Web Searching Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmutlu, Seda; Spink, Amanda; Ozmutlu, H. Cenk

    2002-01-01

    Examines and compares multimedia Web searching by Excite and FAST search engine users in 2001. Highlights include audio and video queries; time spent on searches; terms per query; ranking of the most frequently used terms; and differences in Web search behaviors of U.S. and European Web users. (Author/LRW)

  18. The Microsoft Multimedia Encyclopedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ropiequet, Suzanne

    1986-01-01

    A multimedia encyclopedia (MME) demonstration disk has been developed by the Microsoft Corporation, which contains five-page articles on 12 subjects. Each article contains text, images, audio, and in some cases, animation and full motion digital images. Each MME article is constructed as a network of linked text, image, and sound files. With mouse…

  19. Storyboarding Multimedia Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Linda C.

    2000-01-01

    Understanding how to include interactivity when designing multimedia-based training (MBT) storyboards is a major key for a successful MBT. Discusses the basic formats of interactions and when to use each format. Describes how to storyboard and areas to address, including: the display area, prompts, branching, programming and graphics notes,…

  20. The Multimedia Factory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capell, Peter

    The history of instructional multimedia systems development includes many difficulties--authorial uncertainty about how to order concepts, the misplaced focus of so-called "intelligent tutors," the sometimes disconcerting proliferation of products, and financial constraints. Against this background, this paper discusses the project which…

  1. Multimedia Reference Tools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holzberg, Carol S.

    2001-01-01

    Presents suggestions for content-rich classroom encyclopedias on CO-ROM and DVD, including: the Encarta Reference Suite 2001; the 2001 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, School Edition; the Britannica 2001 DVD; and the World Book 2001 Deluxe Edition, v5.0. (SM)

  2. Designing Effective Multimedia Kiosks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Min; Wheat, John

    Interactive kiosks are becoming very popular in industries, educational institutions and public facilities. This paper discusses the design and development of a multimedia kiosk (Project iTOWER) by the University of Texas at Austin using the state-of-the-art technology and reports the results of the use of this system by students. The kiosk…

  3. Multimedia Networks: Mission Impossible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Andrew M.

    1996-01-01

    Running multimedia on a network, often difficult because of the memory and processing power required, is becoming easier thanks to new protocols and products. Those developing network design criteria may wish to consider making use of Fast Ethernet, Asynchronous Transfer Method (ATM), switches, "fat pipes", additional network…

  4. Multimedia Document Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozkarahan, Esen

    1995-01-01

    This study develops an integrated conceptual representation scheme for multimedia documents that are viewed to comprise an object-oriented database; the necessary abstractions for the conceptual model and extensions to the relational model used as the search structure; a retrieval model that includes associative, semantic and media-specific…

  5. Multimedia: Beyond the Desktop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbreath, Jeremy

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Central Media Resource System (CMRS), a method that allows multimedia instruction to large groups of students. Highlights include the information infrastructure, including fiber optics and coaxial cable; use of the CMRS in the classroom and in the media resource center; and future possibilities, including local and wide area…

  6. Multimedia Networks: Mission Impossible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Andrew M.

    1996-01-01

    Running multimedia on a network, often difficult because of the memory and processing power required, is becoming easier thanks to new protocols and products. Those developing network design criteria may wish to consider making use of Fast Ethernet, Asynchronous Transfer Method (ATM), switches, "fat pipes", additional network…

  7. Multimedia: Beyond the Desktop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbreath, Jeremy

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Central Media Resource System (CMRS), a method that allows multimedia instruction to large groups of students. Highlights include the information infrastructure, including fiber optics and coaxial cable; use of the CMRS in the classroom and in the media resource center; and future possibilities, including local and wide area…

  8. Identifying a Roadmap of Support for Secondary Students in School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bohanon, Hank; Fenning, Pamela; Eber, Lucille; Flannery, Brigid

    2007-01-01

    The need for an increased understanding of secondary and tertiary supports within a school-wide positive behavior support framework in high schools is discussed. Outcome data such as discipline referrals sent to the office seem to indicate that school-wide applications of positive behavior support can decrease the proportion of students who…

  9. Natural Language Processing of Captions for Retrieving Multimedia Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    form from which nouns and verbs are extracted to form the primary keywords. The keywords and the logical form together index the multimedia object. User...nouns and verbs are extracted to form the primary keywords. The keywords and the logical form together index the multimedia object. User queries are also...Ingres database is used to catalog and support retrieval of registration data pertaining to the photographs. Two relations are used-visual and keyphrases

  10. Interactive Documentary: A Production Model for Nonfiction Multimedia Narratives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Insook

    This paper presents an interactive production model for nonfiction multimedia, referred to as interactive documentary. We discuss the design of ontologies for authoring interactive documentary. A working prototype supports the use of reasoning for retrieving, composing, and displaying media resources in real-time. A GUI is designed to facilitate concept-based navigation which enables queries across media resources of diverse types. A dual-root-node data design links ontological reasoning with metadata, which provides a method for defining hybrid semantic-quantitative relationships. Our application focuses on archiving and retrieving non-text based media resources. The system architecture supports sensory-rich display feedback with real time interactivity for navigating documents’ space. We argue an experience of narratives evolves through the performitivity in the interactive narrative structure when the constituents are mediated by common ontology. The consequential experience identifies a renewed practice of oral tradition where the accumulative sensorial propositions inform narratives, such as in performance practice.

  11. Software Application for Supporting the Education of Database Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vágner, Anikó

    2015-01-01

    The article introduces an application which supports the education of database systems, particularly the teaching of SQL and PL/SQL in Oracle Database Management System environment. The application has two parts, one is the database schema and its content, and the other is a C# application. The schema is to administrate and store the tasks and the…

  12. Color image reproduction: the evolution from print to multimedia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDonald, Lindsay W.

    1997-02-01

    The electronic pre-press industry has undergone a very rapid evolution over the past decade, driven by the accelerating performance of desktop computers and affordable application software for image manipulation, page layout and color separation. These have been supported by the steady development of colo scanners, digital cameras, proof printers, RIPs and image setters, all of which make the process of reproducing color images in print easier than ever before. But is color print itself in decline as a medium? New channels of delivery for digital color images include CD-ROM, wideband networks and the Internet, with soft-copy screen display competing with hard-copy print for applications ranging from corporate brochures to home shopping. Present indications are that the most enduring of the graphic arts skills in the new multimedia world will be image rendering and production control rather than those related to photographic film and ink on paper.

  13. An Interactive Multimedia Kiosk as a Tool for Collaborative Discourse, Reflection, and Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsi, Sherry; Hoadley, Christopher M.

    This paper reports on the design and testing of an electronic multimedia bulletin board called the Multimedia Forum Kiosk (MFK). This software tool was designed to support collaborative discourse between multiple participants. The MFK supports students' knowledge building as they read about issues, reflect on comments, and develop a point of view.…

  14. Multimedia for occupational safety and health training: a pilot study examining a multimedia learning theory.

    PubMed

    Wallen, Erik S; Mulloy, Karen B

    2006-10-01

    Occupational diseases are a significant problem affecting public health. Safety training is an important method of preventing occupational illness. Training is increasingly being delivered by computer although theories of learning from computer-based multimedia have been tested almost entirely on college students. This study was designed to determine whether these theories might also be applied to safety training applications for working adults. Participants viewed either computer-based multimedia respirator use training with concurrent narration, narration prior to the animation, or unrelated safety training. Participants then took a five-item transfer test which measured their ability to use their knowledge in new and creative ways. Participants who viewed the computer-based multimedia trainings both did significantly better than the control group on the transfer test. The results of this pilot study suggest that design guidelines developed for younger learners may be effective for training workers in occupational safety and health although more investigation is needed.

  15. Design issues and caching strategies for CD-ROM-based multimedia storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shastri, Vijnan; Rajaraman, V.; Jamadagni, H. S.; Venkat-Rangan, P.; Sampath-Kumar, Srihari

    1996-03-01

    CD-ROMs have proliferated as a distribution media for desktop machines for a large variety of multimedia applications (targeted for a single-user environment) like encyclopedias, magazines and games. With CD-ROM capacities up to 3 GB being available in the near future, they will form an integral part of Video on Demand (VoD) servers to store full-length movies and multimedia. In the first section of this paper we look at issues related to the single- user desktop environment. Since these multimedia applications are highly interactive in nature, we take a pragmatic approach, and have made a detailed study of the multimedia application behavior in terms of the I/O request patterns generated to the CD-ROM subsystem by tracing these patterns. We discuss prefetch buffer design and seek time characteristics in the context of the analysis of these traces. We also propose an adaptive main-memory hosted cache that receives caching hints from the application to reduce the latency when the user moves from one node of the hyper graph to another. In the second section we look at the use of CD-ROM in a VoD server and discuss the problem of scheduling multiple request streams and buffer management in this scenario. We adapt the C-SCAN (Circular SCAN) algorithm to suit the CD-ROM drive characteristics and prove that it is optimal in terms of buffer size management. We provide computationally inexpensive relations by which this algorithm can be implemented. We then propose an admission control algorithm which admits new request streams without disrupting the continuity of playback of the previous request streams. The algorithm also supports operations such as fast forward and replay. Finally, we discuss the problem of optimal placement of MPEG streams on CD-ROMs in the third section.

  16. Design of a MPEG-4-based multimedia e-mail system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Guoyin; Liao, Li

    2000-12-01

    In this paper, we discuss the design of an MPEG-4 compression technology based multimedia e-mail system. As our test in ISDN context indicates, the MPEG-4 gives high compression ratio up to 130:1 without discernable quality deterioration in multimedia e-mail application where video is featured by infrequent and slow motions. It is an exciting improvement over other compressors in this area. The performance comparison of our system with other similar systems is also given in this paper. IN our multimedia e- mail system, messaging subsystem is implemented with Messaging Application Programming Interface (MAPI). A special architecture of multimedia e-mail package is also presented.

  17. Maximizing Channel Capacity based on Antenna and MIMO Channel Characteristics and its Application to Multimedia Data Transmission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pottkotter, Andrew

    Communication transmission between electronic devices is evolving at an ever faster pace. There are now more electronic handheld devices that we communicate with on a daily basis. The allotted bandwidth and speed for these devices are limited by hardware, software, handshaking capabilities between each electronic application. The demand for information at high data rates without the loss of reliability has evolved antenna technology and digital signal processing into more complex systems utilizing multiple processors and multiple antennas. This paper discusses the various techniques used to increase data speed, enhance channel capacity, and reliability of application specific devices with respect to the Multiple-Input-to-Multiple-Output (MIMO) based methods. MIMO based applications can improve the data speed, channel capacity, and reliability of the system with maximum limitations based on hardware, coding schemes, and handshaking abilities between devices.

  18. Operating System Support for Mobile Interactive Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-08-01

    chosen resolution and camera position/orientation. Figure 7.6(a) shows the graph of CPU 78 CHAPTER 7. APPLICATIONS (a) Taj Mahal (b) Café (interior...c) Notre Dame (d) Buckingham Palace (inte- rior) Scene Number of polygons Taj Mahal 127406 Café 138598 Notre Dame 160206 Buckingham Palace 235572...d em an d (m ill io ns o f c yc le s) ª Number of polygons rendered Taj Mahal Café Notre Dame Buckingham Palace (a) Random camera position 0 100 200

  19. The Effects of Real-Time Interactive Multimedia Teleradiology System

    PubMed Central

    Al-Safadi, Lilac

    2016-01-01

    This study describes the design of a real-time interactive multimedia teleradiology system and assesses how the system is used by referring physicians in point-of-care situations and supports or hinders aspects of physician-radiologist interaction. We developed a real-time multimedia teleradiology management system that automates the transfer of images and radiologists' reports and surveyed physicians to triangulate the findings and to verify the realism and results of the experiment. The web-based survey was delivered to 150 physicians from a range of specialties. The survey was completed by 72% of physicians. Data showed a correlation between rich interactivity, satisfaction, and effectiveness. The results of our experiments suggest that real-time multimedia teleradiology systems are valued by referring physicians and may have the potential for enhancing their practice and improving patient care and highlight the critical role of multimedia technologies to provide real-time multimode interactivity in current medical care. PMID:27294118

  20. The Effects of Real-Time Interactive Multimedia Teleradiology System.

    PubMed

    Al-Safadi, Lilac

    2016-01-01

    This study describes the design of a real-time interactive multimedia teleradiology system and assesses how the system is used by referring physicians in point-of-care situations and supports or hinders aspects of physician-radiologist interaction. We developed a real-time multimedia teleradiology management system that automates the transfer of images and radiologists' reports and surveyed physicians to triangulate the findings and to verify the realism and results of the experiment. The web-based survey was delivered to 150 physicians from a range of specialties. The survey was completed by 72% of physicians. Data showed a correlation between rich interactivity, satisfaction, and effectiveness. The results of our experiments suggest that real-time multimedia teleradiology systems are valued by referring physicians and may have the potential for enhancing their practice and improving patient care and highlight the critical role of multimedia technologies to provide real-time multimode interactivity in current medical care.

  1. Quantifying Children's Aggregate (Dietary and Residential) Exposure and Dose to Permethin: Application and Evaluation of EPA's Probabilistic SHED-Multimedia Model

    EPA Science Inventory

    Reliable, evaluated human exposure and dose models are important for understanding the health risks from chemicals. A case study focusing on permethrin was conducted because of this insecticide’s widespread use and potential health effects. SHEDS-Multimedia was applied to estimat...

  2. Quantifying Children's Aggregate (Dietary and Residential) Exposure and Dose to Permethin: Application and Evaluation of EPA's Probabilistic SHED-Multimedia Model

    EPA Science Inventory

    Reliable, evaluated human exposure and dose models are important for understanding the health risks from chemicals. A case study focusing on permethrin was conducted because of this insecticide’s widespread use and potential health effects. SHEDS-Multimedia was applied to estimat...

  3. Online reinforcement learning for dynamic multimedia systems.

    PubMed

    Mastronarde, Nicholas; van der Schaar, Mihaela

    2010-02-01

    In our previous work, we proposed a systematic cross-layer framework for dynamic multimedia systems, which allows each layer to make autonomous and foresighted decisions that maximize the system's long-term performance, while meeting the application's real-time delay constraints. The proposed solution solved the cross-layer optimization offline, under the assumption that the multimedia system's probabilistic dynamics were known a priori, by modeling the system as a layered Markov decision process. In practice, however, these dynamics are unknown a priori and, therefore, must be learned online. In this paper, we address this problem by allowing the multimedia system layers to learn, through repeated interactions with each other, to autonomously optimize the system's long-term performance at run-time. The two key challenges in this layered learning setting are: (i) each layer's learning performance is directly impacted by not only its own dynamics, but also by the learning processes of the other layers with which it interacts; and (ii) selecting a learning model that appropriately balances time-complexity (i.e., learning speed) with the multimedia system's limited memory and the multimedia application's real-time delay constraints. We propose two reinforcement learning algorithms for optimizing the system under different design constraints: the first algorithm solves the cross-layer optimization in a centralized manner and the second solves it in a decentralized manner. We analyze both algorithms in terms of their required computation, memory, and interlayer communication overheads. After noting that the proposed reinforcement learning algorithms learn too slowly, we introduce a complementary accelerated learning algorithm that exploits partial knowledge about the system's dynamics in order to dramatically improve the system's performance. In our experiments, we demonstrate that decentralized learning can perform equally as well as centralized learning, while

  4. Application of GIS for Cassini Launch Support

    SciTech Connect

    Guber, A.L.

    1998-08-01

    The Cassini spacecraft began its eleven-year mission to Saturn on October 15, 1997. The spacecraft is powered by Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators and Light Weight Radioisotope Heating Units comprised primarily of plutonium-238 as fuel. Due to the potential for a radiation release in the event of a launch accident, the US Department of Energy deployed a contingency response team to Cape Canaveral to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the Cassini launch. The team was comprised of radiation monitoring and assessment teams, a communications/logistics team, and a team of Field Analysis System for Emergency Response (FASER) Geographic Information System personnel. FASER is a system developed around Arc/Info and Arcview for integrating and analyzing spatial information for nuclear emergency response activities. FASER operators integrated data from radiological prediction models, background radiation measurements, and a global positioning system-based Flight Path Recovery System for monitoring real-time aircraft locations. With this system, spatial data met the need to be processed and presented to mission managers quickly during the hours preceding launch.

  5. Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 1994. Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 94--World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 25-30, 1994).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ottmann, Thomas, Ed.; Tomek, Ivan, Ed.

    This collection presents papers pertaining to the wide area of educational multimedia and hypermedia. The conference serves as a forum for the dissemination of information on the research, development, and applications in all areas of multimedia/hypermedia in education across all disciplines and levels of education. The papers cover a wide range…

  6. Human eye haptics-based multimedia.

    PubMed

    Velandia, David; Uribe-Quevedo, Alvaro; Perez-Gutierrez, Byron

    2014-01-01

    Immersive and interactive multimedia applications offer complementary study tools in anatomy as users can explore 3D models while obtaining information about the organ, tissue or part being explored. Haptics increases the sense of interaction with virtual objects improving user experience in a more realistic manner. Common eye studying tools are books, illustrations, assembly models, and more recently these are being complemented with mobile apps whose 3D capabilities, computing power and customers are increasing. The goal of this project is to develop a complementary eye anatomy and pathology study tool using deformable models within a multimedia application, offering the students the opportunity for exploring the eye from up close and within with relevant information. Validation of the tool provided feedback on the potential of the development, along with suggestions on improving haptic feedback and navigation.

  7. An interpersonal multimedia visualization system

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, R.L.

    1990-01-01

    Media View is a computer program that provides a generic infrastructure for authoring and interacting with multimedia documents. Among its many applications is the ability to furnish a user with a comprehensive environment for analysis and visualization. With MediaView the user produces a document'' that contains mathematics, datasets and associated visualizations. From the dataset or embedded mathematics animated sequences can be produced in situ. The mathematical content of the document'' can be explored through manipulation with Mathematica {trademark}. Since the document'' is all digital, it can be shared with a co-worker on a local network or mailed electronically to a colleague at a distant site. Animations and any other substructure of the document'' persist through the mailing process and can be awakened at the destination by the recipient. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  8. {open_quotes}Media-On-Demand{close_quotes} multimedia electronic mail: A tool for collaboration on the web

    SciTech Connect

    Tsoi, Kei Nam; Rahman, S.M.

    1996-12-31

    Undoubtedly, multimedia electronic mail has many advantages in exchanging information electronically in a collaborative work. The existing design of e-mail systems architecture is inefficient in exchanging multimedia message which has much larger volume, and requires more bandwidth and storage space than the text-only messages. This paper presents an innovative method for exchanging multimedia mail messages in a heterogeneous environment to support collaborative work over YAW on the Internet. We propose a {open_quotes}Parcel Collection{close_quotes} approach for exchanging multimedia electronic mail messages. This approach for exchanging multimedia electronic mail messages integrates the current WWW technologies with the existing electronic mail systems.

  9. Assessment of a multimedia-based prospective method to support public deliberations on health technology design: participant survey findings and qualitative insights.

    PubMed

    Lehoux, P; Jimenez-Pernett, J; Miller, F A; Williams-Jones, B

    2016-10-26

    Using a combination of videos and online short stories, we conducted four face-to-face deliberative workshops in Montreal (Quebec, Canada) with members of the public who later joined additional participants in an online forum to discuss the social and ethical implications of prospective technologies. This paper presents the participants' appraisal of our intervention and provides novel qualitative insights into the use of videos and online tools in public deliberations. We applied a mixed-method study design. A self-administered survey contained open- and close-ended items using a 5-level Likert-like scale. Absolute frequencies and proportions for the close-ended items were compiled. Qualitative data included field notes, the transcripts of the workshops and the participants' contributions to the online forum. The qualitative data were used to flesh out the survey data describing the participants' appraisal of: 1) the multimedia components of our intervention; 2) its deliberative face-to-face and online processes; and 3) its perceived effects. Thirty-eight participants contributed to the workshops and 57 to the online forum. A total of 46 participants filled-in the survey, for a response rate of 73 % (46/63). The videos helped 96 % of the participants to understand the fictional technologies and the online scenarios helped 98 % to reflect about the issues raised. Up to 81 % considered the arguments of the other participants to be well thought-out. Nearly all participants felt comfortable sharing their ideas in both the face-to-face (89 %) and online environments (93 %), but 88 % preferred the face-to-face workshop. As a result of the intervention, 85 % reflected more about the pros and cons of technology and 94 % learned more about the way technologies may transform society. This study confirms the methodological feasibility of a deliberative intervention whose originality lies in its use of videos and online scenarios. To increase deliberative depth and foster a

  10. Recent applications of polymer supported organometallic catalysts in organic synthesis.

    PubMed

    Kann, Nina

    2010-09-07

    Recent developments concerning the application of polymer supported organometallic reagents in solid phase synthesis are reviewed, with a special focus on methodology for carbon-carbon formation. Examples of reactions that are covered include the classical Suzuki, Sonogashira and Heck coupings, but also aryl amination, epoxide opening, rearrangements, metathesis and cyclopropanation. Applications in the field of asymmetric synthesis are also discussed.

  11. Supporting Knowledge Mobilization and Research Impact Strategies in Grant Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, David; Jensen, Krista E.; Johnny, Michael; Poetz, Anneliese

    Each application to the National Science Foundation (NSF) must contain a Broader Impact (BI) strategy. Similarly, grant applications for most research funders in Canada and the UK require strategies to support the translation of research into impacts on society; however, the guidance provided to researchers is too general to inform the specific…

  12. Utilizing Windows Azure to Support Geo-science Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, J.

    2014-12-01

    Windows Azure is a cloud computing platform and infrastructure, created by Microsoft for developing, deploying and managing applications through global networks. It provides Platform as a service (PaaS) which have been widely used in different domains to support scientific studies. This paper experiences the feasibility of utilizing Windows Azure to support different type of geo-science applications. Specially, the load balancing feature of Azure is used to address intensive concurrent access for geo-science data; cloud-based database is utilized for support Big Spatial data management; and the global deployment feature is used to improve the evaluation accuracy for geo-science services.

  13. Supporting large scale applications on networks of workstations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cooper, Robert; Birman, Kenneth P.

    1989-01-01

    Distributed applications on networks of workstations are an increasingly common way to satisfy computing needs. However, existing mechanisms for distributed programming exhibit poor performance and reliability as application size increases. Extension of the ISIS distributed programming system to support large scale distributed applications by providing hierarchical process groups is discussed. Incorporation of hierarchy in the program structure and exploitation of this to limit the communication and storage required in any one component of the distributed system is examined.

  14. Multimedia Forensics Is Not Computer Forensics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Böhme, Rainer; Freiling, Felix C.; Gloe, Thomas; Kirchner, Matthias

    The recent popularity of research on topics of multimedia forensics justifies reflections on the definition of the field. This paper devises an ontology that structures forensic disciplines by their primary domain of evidence. In this sense, both multimedia forensics and computer forensics belong to the class of digital forensics, but they differ notably in the underlying observer model that defines the forensic investigator’s view on (parts of) reality, which itself is not fully cognizable. Important consequences on the reliability of probative facts emerge with regard to available counter-forensic techniques: while perfect concealment of traces is possible for computer forensics, this level of certainty cannot be expected for manipulations of sensor data. We cite concrete examples and refer to established techniques to support our arguments.

  15. Cognitive Synergy in Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Daesang; Kim, Dong-Joong; Whang, Woo-Hyung

    2013-01-01

    The main focus of our study was to investigate multimedia effects that had different results from the findings of existing multimedia learning studies. First, we describe and summarize three experimental studies we conducted from 2006 to 2010. Then we analyze our findings to explore learner characteristics that may impact the cognitive processes…

  16. New Communication Model: Multimedia Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Srnic, Vesna

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this project, which the author as a mentor has realized during the 2006/2007, was to invent new Educational model, to fill the gap in Education by showing the positive influence of Multimedia Art, especially Multimedia Performance on Permanent Learning at the level of primary school students, college students and teachers or on…

  17. Teaching of Multimedia Presentation Creation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagyová, Ingrid; Turcáni, Milan

    2008-01-01

    Multimedia presentation has its well-founded place in classwork and in the teaching process itself. Multimedia enables teachers to speak to their pupils and students through pictures and sounds. Computer presentation accompanies the teacher in the teaching process that thus becomes more comprehensive, well-considered and effective. In addition…

  18. Multimedia Production: A Critical Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Ronald E.

    This paper synthesizes speculation in the professional literature about the future impact of multimedia. Many experts believe that multimedia will soon become the major focus of entertainment dollars and time because its versatility gives it the potential to be a very powerful way to communicate ideas and search for information. In its current…

  19. Cognitive Architectures for Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Stephen K.

    2006-01-01

    This article provides a tutorial overview of cognitive architectures that can form a theoretical foundation for designing multimedia instruction. Cognitive architectures include a description of memory stores, memory codes, and cognitive operations. Architectures that are relevant to multimedia learning include Paivio's dual coding theory,…

  20. Investigation of Users' Preferences in Interactive Multimedia Learning Systems: A Data Mining Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chrysostomou, Kyriacos; Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

    2009-01-01

    With advances in information and communication technology, interactive multimedia learning systems are widely used to support teaching and learning. However, as human factors vary across users, they may prefer the design of interactive multimedia learning systems differently. To have a deep understanding of the influences of human factors, we…

  1. Investigation of Users' Preferences in Interactive Multimedia Learning Systems: A Data Mining Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chrysostomou, Kyriacos; Chen, Sherry Y.; Liu, Xiaohui

    2009-01-01

    With advances in information and communication technology, interactive multimedia learning systems are widely used to support teaching and learning. However, as human factors vary across users, they may prefer the design of interactive multimedia learning systems differently. To have a deep understanding of the influences of human factors, we…

  2. Multimedia as a desktop and classroom tool

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, S.

    1994-02-01

    The major thrust of the study leading to this report was a quick, but in-depth, understanding of the process for using multimedia computer equipment for information exchange within our engineering office and within the school environment. That is, how feasible is it to augment the typical office memo or school instruction sheet with pictures, video, and sounds? What specialized skills, hardware, and software are needed by those of us who want to use the technology? The brief study period allowed for an examination of available hardware and software, observation of current approaches to multimedia within our particular environment, and the development of applications, all within the context of several project areas: The Sandia Science Advisors program; a Sandia scientific project associated with the National Information Infrastructure Testbed; the curriculum of Monte Vista Elementary School of Albuquerque Public Schools; and the University of New Mexico Medical School Health Scene project.

  3. Real-time distributed multimedia systems

    SciTech Connect

    Rahurkar, S.S.; Bourbakis, N.G.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents a survey on distributed multimedia systems and discusses real-time issues. In particular, different subsystems are reviewed that impact on multimedia networking, the networking for multimedia, the networked multimedia systems, and the leading edge research and developments efforts and issues in networking.

  4. 14 CFR 1213.108 - Multimedia materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Multimedia materials. 1213.108 Section 1213... AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.108 Multimedia materials. (a) NASA's multimedia material, from all... original or duplicate files of news-oriented imagery and other digital multimedia material generated...

  5. 14 CFR 1213.108 - Multimedia materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Multimedia materials. 1213.108 Section 1213... AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.108 Multimedia materials. (a) NASA's multimedia material, from all... original or duplicate files of news-oriented imagery and other digital multimedia material generated...

  6. Multimedia Matrix: A Cognitive Strategy for Designers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherry, Annette C.

    This instructional development project evaluates the effect of a matrix-based strategy to assist multimedia authors in acquiring and applying principles for effective multimedia design. The Multimedia Matrix, based on the Park and Hannafin "Twenty Principles and Implications for Interactive Multimedia" design, displays a condensed…

  7. Multimedia Scenario in a Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nulden, Urban; Ward, Bodil

    2002-01-01

    Multimedia as an educational technology tool is used throughout the educational system. In this article we present a research project where multimedia scenario was used to initiate a discussion about Internet use among students and teachers at a primary school. Multimedia scenario is the use of large screen multimedia to initiate and facilitate…

  8. Project-Based Multimedia Instruction. Fastback 445.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foshay, John D.

    The purpose of this fastback is to provide a primer on developing project-based multimedia instruction. The first section discusses reasons for using multimedia, including advantages to be gained instructionally from teachers using multimedia and--from the standpoint of active learning--from students using multimedia. How authoring programs work…

  9. Issues and Obstacles with Multimedia Authoring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makedon, Fillia; And Others

    This paper discusses some of the common threads shared by three dissimilar cases of multimedia authoring: multimedia conference proceedings, multimedia courseware development, and multimedia information kiosks. The benefits and pitfalls of academic development are reviewed and points of wisdom are shared. The paper draws on the experiences from…

  10. A Class at Mount Holyoke College Uses "Frankenstein" as a Tool for Teaching Student Multimedia Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gose, Ben

    1997-01-01

    A Mount Holyoke College (Massachusetts) class on computer applications in history and the humanities, entitled "Frankenstein Meets Multimedia," uses topics from the 1818 novel as the basis for students to develop multimedia compact disks about it. The novel is used because its author was heavily influenced by the philosophy of the…

  11. Multimedia Learning and Individual Differences: Mediating the Effects of Working Memory Capacity with Segmentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lusk, Danielle L.; Evans, Amber D.; Jeffrey, Thomas R.; Palmer, Keith R.; Wikstrom, Chris S.; Doolittle, Peter E.

    2009-01-01

    Research in multimedia learning lacks an emphasis on individual difference variables, such as working memory capacity (WMC). The effects of WMC and the segmentation of multimedia instruction were examined by assessing the recall and application of low (n = 66) and high (n = 67) working memory capacity students randomly assigned to either a…

  12. Multimedia Approach and Its Effect in Teaching Mathematics for the Prospective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joan, D. R. Robert; Denisia, S. P.

    2012-01-01

    Multimedia improves the effectiveness of teaching learning process of multimedia in formal or informal setting and utilizing scientific principle. It allows us to sort out the information to analyse and make meaning for conceptualization and applications which is suitable for individual learners. The objectives of the study was to measure the…

  13. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation support application on a smartphone - randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Tomohiko; Kitamura, Tetsuhisa; Nishiyama, Chika; Murakami, Yukiko; Ando, Masahiko; Kawamura, Takashi; Tasaki, Osamu; Kuwagata, Yasuyuki; Shimazu, Takeshi; Iwami, Taku

    2015-01-01

    This simulation trial aimed to compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with and without the newly-developed CPR support application on smartphones. In this trial, participants were randomly assigned to either the CPR support application group or the control group, stratified by sex and previous CPR training. Participants' CPR skills were evaluated by a 2-min case-based scenario test using the Leardal Resusci Anne PC Skill reporting Manikin System(®). The outcome measures were the proportion of chest compressions performed in each group and the number of total chest compressions and appropriate chest compressions performed during the 2-min test period. A total of 84 participants were enrolled and completed the protocol. All participants in the CPR support application group performed chest compressions, compared with only 31 (75.6%) in the control group (P<0.001). Among participants who performed chest compressions during the 2-min test period, the number of total chest compressions was significantly higher in the CPR support application group than in the control group (211.6±29.5 vs. 77.0±43.3, P<0.001). The number of appropriate chest compressions tended to be greater in the CPR support application group than in the control group, although it was statistically insignificant (30.3±57.3 vs. 17.2±28.7, P=0.246). In this cohort of laypersons, the newly-developed CPR support application for smartphones contributed to increasing the implementation rate and the number of total chest compressions performed and may assist in improving the survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (UMIN000004740).

  14. Mobile Phone Application for Supporting Persons with Higher Brain Dysfunctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakayama, Tsuyoshi; Miyaji, Yuka; Kato, Seishi; Sakurada, Nobuhisa; Ueda, Noriyuki; Nomura, Takayuki; Okaya, Kazunori; Uematsu, Hiroshi; Kimura, Eiji

    This paper shows a mobile phone application for supporting persons with higher brain dysfunction (HBD) such as a cognitive disorder, a memory disorder, and an attention-deficit disorder. This application serves them as a schedule manager, an alarm and an instructor of work sequences. The development concept of this application is easy handling and simple display, because persons with HBD are easily bewildered by complex procedures in the work. Five persons with HBD participated in the experiments for assessing the application at the vocational training place. The use of the application resulted in the drastic decrease of the number of errors and the increase of the System Usability Score, indicating that the developed application is useful for persons with HBD especially in performing vocational training tasks such as the use of database software on PC.

  15. Design of a multimedia PC-based telemedicine network for the monitoring of renal dialysis patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tohme, Walid G.; Winchester, James F.; Dai, Hailei L.; Khanafer, Nassib; Meissner, Marion C.; Collmann, Jeff R.; Schulman, Kevin A.; Johnson, Ayah E.; Freedman, Matthew T.; Mun, Seong K.

    1997-05-01

    This paper investigates the design and implementation of a multimedia telemedicine application being undertaken by the Imaging Science and Information Systems Center of the Department of Radiology and the Division of Nephrology of the Department of Medicine at the Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC). The Renal Dialysis Patient Monitoring network links GUMC, a remote outpatient dialysis clinic, and a nephrologist's home. The primary functions of the network are to provide telemedicine services to renal dialysis patients, to create, manage, transfer and use electronic health data, and to provide decision support and information services for physicians, nurses and health care workers. The technical parameters for designing and implementing such a network are discussed.

  16. Investigating the Use and Effectiveness of Diverse Types of Materials in the Delivery and Support of Lab Sessions for Multimedia Subjects and Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsekleves, Emmanuel; Aggoun, Amar; Cosmas, John

    2013-01-01

    This research study explores the use of different lab material, investigating which types of materials contribute the most to the delivery and support of laboratory (lab) sessions to design, skill-based and technical courses in higher education in the UK. A qualitative research methodology was employed for this investigation and included both key…

  17. Investigating the Use and Effectiveness of Diverse Types of Materials in the Delivery and Support of Lab Sessions for Multimedia Subjects and Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsekleves, Emmanuel; Aggoun, Amar; Cosmas, John

    2013-01-01

    This research study explores the use of different lab material, investigating which types of materials contribute the most to the delivery and support of laboratory (lab) sessions to design, skill-based and technical courses in higher education in the UK. A qualitative research methodology was employed for this investigation and included both key…

  18. Multimedia Computing: Preparing for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reisman, Sorel

    This book contains 18 chapters, written by different authors, on preparing for the future of multimedia computing (MMC). It is organized into four sections which focus on the following areas respectively: technology, applications and benefits, applications and development, and end users. The first section concerns the relationship between MMC…

  19. Surveying FIFA Instructors' Behavioral Intention toward the Multimedia Teaching Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armenteros, M.; Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Fernandez, M.; Diaz, R. Flores; Sanchez, R. Arteaga

    2013-01-01

    Instruction delivered via multimedia applications is changing the way elite football refereeing instructors teach the Laws of the Game. Although e-learning applications are popular, there is minimal research on instructors' attitudes toward these teaching materials. The purpose of this research is to explore instructors' behavioral intentions…

  20. Surveying FIFA Instructors' Behavioral Intention toward the Multimedia Teaching Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armenteros, M.; Liaw, Shu-Sheng; Fernandez, M.; Diaz, R. Flores; Sanchez, R. Arteaga

    2013-01-01

    Instruction delivered via multimedia applications is changing the way elite football refereeing instructors teach the Laws of the Game. Although e-learning applications are popular, there is minimal research on instructors' attitudes toward these teaching materials. The purpose of this research is to explore instructors' behavioral intentions…

  1. Research Challenges for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melodia, Tommaso; Akyildiz, Ian F.

    This chapter discusses the state of the art and the major research challenges in architectures, algorithms, and protocols, for wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs). These are networks of wirelessly interconnected smart devices designed and deployed to retrieve video and audio streams, still images, and scalar sensor data. First, applications and key factors influencing the design of WMSNs are discussed. Then, the existing solutions at the application, transport, network, link, and physical layers of the communication protocol stack are investigated. Finally, fundamental open research issues are discussed and future research trends in this area are outlined.

  2. Challenges Facing 3-D Audio Display Design for Multimedia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Begault, Durand R.; Null, Cynthia H. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The challenges facing successful multimedia presentation depend largely on the expectations of the designer and end user for a given application. Perceptual limitations in distance, elevation and azimuth sound source simulation differ significantly between headphone and cross-talk cancellation loudspeaker listening and therefore must be considered. Simulation of an environmental context is desirable but the quality depends on processing resources and lack of interaction with the host acoustical environment. While techniques such as data reduction of head-related transfer functions have been used widely to improve simulation fidelity, another approach involves determining thresholds for environmental acoustic events. Psychoacoustic studies relevant to this approach are reviewed in consideration of multimedia applications

  3. Challenges Facing 3-D Audio Display Design for Multimedia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Begault, Durand R.; Null, Cynthia H. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The challenges facing successful multimedia presentation depend largely on the expectations of the designer and end user for a given application. Perceptual limitations in distance, elevation and azimuth sound source simulation differ significantly between headphone and cross-talk cancellation loudspeaker listening and therefore must be considered. Simulation of an environmental context is desirable but the quality depends on processing resources and lack of interaction with the host acoustical environment. While techniques such as data reduction of head-related transfer functions have been used widely to improve simulation fidelity, another approach involves determining thresholds for environmental acoustic events. Psychoacoustic studies relevant to this approach are reviewed in consideration of multimedia applications

  4. Striking a Balance: Supporting Teaching Excellence Award Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Catherine; Brown, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Students and peers who nominate academic staff for teaching excellence awards unwittingly invite them to reflect on their work, and explain their practices to other academics. What is an effective system of academic support for these applicants and should academic developers be doing it at all? Is it possible that academic developers and academic…

  5. Striking a Balance: Supporting Teaching Excellence Award Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layton, Catherine; Brown, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Students and peers who nominate academic staff for teaching excellence awards unwittingly invite them to reflect on their work, and explain their practices to other academics. What is an effective system of academic support for these applicants and should academic developers be doing it at all? Is it possible that academic developers and academic…

  6. A Web Application to Support Consumer Health Vocabulary Development

    PubMed Central

    Crowell, Jon; Zeng, Qing; Tse, Tony

    2005-01-01

    We describe a Web application that supports collaborative development of a consumer health vocabulary. It performs text analyses and enables distributed human review. It also provides on-the-fly summary reports and facilitates the generation of a final vocabulary based on the results of the review. PMID:16779219

  7. A fuzzy expert system for diabetes decision support application.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chang-Shing; Wang, Mei-Hui

    2011-02-01

    An increasing number of decision support systems based on domain knowledge are adopted to diagnose medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. It is widely pointed that the classical ontologies cannot sufficiently handle imprecise and vague knowledge for some real world applications, but fuzzy ontology can effectively resolve data and knowledge problems with uncertainty. This paper presents a novel fuzzy expert system for diabetes decision support application. A five-layer fuzzy ontology, including a fuzzy knowledge layer, fuzzy group relation layer, fuzzy group domain layer, fuzzy personal relation layer, and fuzzy personal domain layer, is developed in the fuzzy expert system to describe knowledge with uncertainty. By applying the novel fuzzy ontology to the diabetes domain, the structure of the fuzzy diabetes ontology (FDO) is defined to model the diabetes knowledge. Additionally, a semantic decision support agent (SDSA), including a knowledge construction mechanism, fuzzy ontology generating mechanism, and semantic fuzzy decision making mechanism, is also developed. The knowledge construction mechanism constructs the fuzzy concepts and relations based on the structure of the FDO. The instances of the FDO are generated by the fuzzy ontology generating mechanism. Finally, based on the FDO and the fuzzy ontology, the semantic fuzzy decision making mechanism simulates the semantic description of medical staff for diabetes-related application. Importantly, the proposed fuzzy expert system can work effectively for diabetes decision support application.

  8. 15 CFR 748.9 - Support documents for license applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Support documents for license applications. 748.9 Section 748.9 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade...(ies), other than the government of the People's Republic of China. To determine whether the parties...

  9. 15 CFR 748.9 - Support documents for license applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Support documents for license applications. 748.9 Section 748.9 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade... agency(ies), other than the government of the People's Republic of China. To determine whether...

  10. 15 CFR 748.9 - Support documents for license applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Support documents for license applications. 748.9 Section 748.9 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade...(ies), other than the government of the People's Republic of China. To determine whether the parties...

  11. The Risks of Multimedia Methods

    PubMed Central

    Lenert, Leslie A.; Ziegler, Jennifer; Lee, Tina; Unfred, Christine; Mahmoud, Ramy

    2000-01-01

    Objective: While the use of multimedia methods in medical education and decision support can facilitate learning, it also has certain hazards. One potential hazard is the inadvertent triggering of racial and gender bias by the appearance of actors or patients in presentations. The authors hypothesized that race and gender affect preferences. To explore this issue they studied the effects of actors' race and gender on preference ratings for health states that include symptoms of schizophrenia. Design: A convenience sample of patients with schizophrenia, family members of patients, and health professionals was used. Participants were randomly assigned to rate two health states, one portrayed by either a man of mixed race (Hispanic-black) or a white man and the second portrayed by either a white woman or a white man. Measurements: Visual analog scale (VAS) and standard gamble ratings of health state preferences for health states that include symptoms of mild and moderate schizophrenia. Results: Studies of the effects of the race of the actor (n = 114) revealed that racial mismatch between the actor and the participant affected the participant's preferences for health states. Ratings were lower when racial groups differed (mean difference, 0.098 for visual analog scale ratings and 0.053 lower in standard gamble, P = 0.006 for interactions between the race of the subject and the actor). In studies of the effects of a female actress on ratings (n = 117), we found no evidence of a corresponding interaction between the gender of the actor and the study participant. Rather, an interaction between actor's gender and method of assessment was observed. Standard gamble ratings (difference between means, 0.151), but not visual analog scale ratings (difference, 0.005), were markedly higher when the state was portrayed by the actress (P = 0.003 for interactions between actor's gender and method of preference assessment). Differential effects on standard gamble ratings suggest than

  12. Coordinating complex decision support activities across distributed applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Adler, Richard M.

    1994-01-01

    Knowledge-based technologies have been applied successfully to automate planning and scheduling in many problem domains. Automation of decision support can be increased further by integrating task-specific applications with supporting database systems, and by coordinating interactions between such tools to facilitate collaborative activities. Unfortunately, the technical obstacles that must be overcome to achieve this vision of transparent, cooperative problem-solving are daunting. Intelligent decision support tools are typically developed for standalone use, rely on incompatible, task-specific representational models and application programming interfaces (API's), and run on heterogeneous computing platforms. Getting such applications to interact freely calls for platform independent capabilities for distributed communication, as well as tools for mapping information across disparate representations. Symbiotics is developing a layered set of software tools (called NetWorks! for integrating and coordinating heterogeneous distributed applications. he top layer of tools consists of an extensible set of generic, programmable coordination services. Developers access these services via high-level API's to implement the desired interactions between distributed applications.

  13. Multimedia content analysis and indexing: evaluation of a distributed and scalable architecture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandviwala, Hasnain; Blackwell, Scott; Weikart, Chris; Van Thong, Jean-Manuel

    2003-11-01

    Multimedia search engines facilitate the retrieval of documents from large media content archives now available via intranets and the Internet. Over the past several years, many research projects have focused on algorithms for analyzing and indexing media content efficiently. However, special system architectures are required to process large amounts of content from real-time feeds or existing archives. Possible solutions include dedicated distributed architectures for analyzing content rapidly and for making it searchable. The system architecture we propose implements such an approach: a highly distributed and reconfigurable batch media content analyzer that can process media streams and static media repositories. Our distributed media analysis application handles media acquisition, content processing, and document indexing. This collection of modules is orchestrated by a task flow management component, exploiting data and pipeline parallelism in the application. A scheduler manages load balancing and prioritizes the different tasks. Workers implement application-specific modules that can be deployed on an arbitrary number of nodes running different operating systems. Each application module is exposed as a web service, implemented with industry-standard interoperable middleware components such as Microsoft ASP.NET and Sun J2EE. Our system architecture is the next generation system for the multimedia indexing application demonstrated by www.speechbot.com. It can process large volumes of audio recordings with minimal support and maintenance, while running on low-cost commodity hardware. The system has been evaluated on a server farm running concurrent content analysis processes.

  14. 43 CFR 3863.1-3 - Data to be filed in support of application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... APPLICATIONS Placer Mining Claim Patent Applications § 3863.1-3 Data to be filed in support of application. (a... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Data to be filed in support of application... applications, the placer application should contain, in detail, such data as will support the claim that......

  15. Interface Supports Lightweight Subsystem Routing for Flight Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lux, James P.; Block, Gary L.; Ahmad, Mohammad; Whitaker, William D.; Dillon, James W.

    2010-01-01

    A wireless avionics interface exploits the constrained nature of data networks in flight systems to use a lightweight routing method. This simplified routing means that a processor is not required, and the logic can be implemented as an intellectual property (IP) core in a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The FPGA can be shared with the flight subsystem application. In addition, the router is aware of redundant subsystems, and can be configured to provide hot standby support as part of the interface. This simplifies implementation of flight applications requiring hot stand - by support. When a valid inbound packet is received from the network, the destination node address is inspected to determine whether the packet is to be processed by this node. Each node has routing tables for the next neighbor node to guide the packet to the destination node. If it is to be processed, the final packet destination is inspected to determine whether the packet is to be forwarded to another node, or routed locally. If the packet is local, it is sent to an Applications Data Interface (ADI), which is attached to a local flight application. Under this scheme, an interface can support many applications in a subsystem supporting a high level of subsystem integration. If the packet is to be forwarded to another node, it is sent to the outbound packet router. The outbound packet router receives packets from an ADI or a packet to be forwarded. It then uses a lookup table to determine the next destination for the packet. Upon detecting a remote subsystem failure, the routing table can be updated to autonomously bypass the failed subsystem.

  16. Quantifying children's aggregate (dietary and residential) exposure and dose to permethrin: application and evaluation of EPA's probabilistic SHEDS-Multimedia model.

    PubMed

    Zartarian, Valerie; Xue, Jianping; Glen, Graham; Smith, Luther; Tulve, Nicolle; Tornero-Velez, Rogelio

    2012-01-01

    Reliable, evaluated human exposure and dose models are important for understanding the health risks from chemicals. A case study focusing on permethrin was conducted because of this insecticide's widespread use and potential health effects. SHEDS-Multimedia was applied to estimate US population permethrin exposures for 3- to 5-year-old children from residential, dietary, and combined exposure routes, using available dietary consumption data, food residue data, residential concentrations, and exposure factors. Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses were conducted to identify key factors, pathways, and research needs. Model evaluation was conducted using duplicate diet data and biomonitoring data from multiple field studies, and comparison to other models. Key exposure variables were consumption of spinach, lettuce, and cabbage; surface-to-skin transfer efficiency; hand mouthing frequency; fraction of hand mouthed; saliva removal efficiency; fraction of house treated; and usage frequency. For children in households using residential permethrin, the non-dietary exposure route was most important, and when all households were included, dietary exposure dominated. SHEDS-Multimedia model estimates compared well to real-world measurements data; this exposure assessment tool can enhance human health risk assessments and inform children's health research. The case study provides insights into children's aggregate exposures to permethrin and lays the foundation for a future cumulative pyrethroid pesticides risk assessment.

  17. Designing high-quality interactive multimedia learning modules.

    PubMed

    Huang, Camillan

    2005-01-01

    Modern research has broadened scientific knowledge and revealed the interdisciplinary nature of the sciences. For today's students, this advance translates to learning a more diverse range of concepts, usually in less time, and without supporting resources. Students can benefit from technology-enhanced learning supplements that unify concepts and are delivered on-demand over the Internet. Such supplements, like imaging informatics databases, serve as innovative references for biomedical information, but could improve their interaction interfaces to support learning. With information from these digital datasets, multimedia learning tools can be designed to transform learning into an active process where students can visualize relationships over time, interact with dynamic content, and immediately test their knowledge. This approach bridges knowledge gaps, fosters conceptual understanding, and builds problem-solving and critical thinking skills-all essential components to informatics training for science and medicine. Additional benefits include cost-free access and ease of dissemination over the Internet or CD-ROM. However, current methods for the design of multimedia learning modules are not standardized and lack strong instructional design. Pressure from administrators at the top and students from the bottom are pushing faculty to use modern technology to address the learning needs and expectations of contemporary students. Yet, faculty lack adequate support and training to adopt this new approach. So how can faculty learn to create educational multimedia materials for their students? This paper provides guidelines on best practices in educational multimedia design, derived from the Virtual Labs Project at Stanford University. The development of a multimedia module consists of five phases: (1) understand the learning problem and the users needs; (2) design the content to harness the enabling technologies; (3) build multimedia materials with web style standards and

  18. Process improvement exploration: mapping multimedia production process to CMMI-DEV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, ChienWin; Kamaruddin, Noraida; Daud, Nor Izyani; Zainal Osman, Zosipha

    2013-03-01

    Multimedia takes improvement of multiple computing technologies to incorporate data from a wide variety of resources, without involving users to know how and where the data is encoded and stored. By reason of Multimedia applications interact with users with numerous diverse techniques and incorporate into strong applications that greatly extend the range and strength of applications, the production process are often complicated and complex. Production of such applications requires both process- and product-based quality assurance. Apparently, there are no universally accepted technical production standards. Consequently, Multimedia applications have sometimes diminished the quality of the end product, increased costs, delayed completion and failure. The focus is on the mapping between the current practices of multimedia production process and one of universal process improvement framework, Capability Maturity Model Integration for Development (CMMI-DEV). It shows that how current practices of multimedia production process address the Engineering Process Areas of CMMI-DEV. For each of the relevant process areas, it then explores how current practices can contribute to achieve the specific goals of that process area. This is practical for organizations that have their plan-driven process based on the CMMI-DEV model and are planning to improve the current practices of multimedia production process or to assist organization to define an innovative multimedia production process cycle based on CMMI-DEV practices.

  19. Novel applications of intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in decision support systems.

    PubMed

    Akram, Muhammad; Ashraf, Ather; Sarwar, Mansoor

    2014-01-01

    Many problems of practical interest can be modeled and solved by using graph algorithms. In general, graph theory has a wide range of applications in diverse fields. In this paper, the intuitionistic fuzzy organizational and neural network models, intuitionistic fuzzy neurons in medical diagnosis, intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in vulnerability assessment of gas pipeline networks, and intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in travel time are presented as examples of intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in decision support system. We have also designed and implemented the algorithms for these decision support systems.

  20. Novel Applications of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Digraphs in Decision Support Systems

    PubMed Central

    Sarwar, Mansoor

    2014-01-01

    Many problems of practical interest can be modeled and solved by using graph algorithms. In general, graph theory has a wide range of applications in diverse fields. In this paper, the intuitionistic fuzzy organizational and neural network models, intuitionistic fuzzy neurons in medical diagnosis, intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in vulnerability assessment of gas pipeline networks, and intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in travel time are presented as examples of intuitionistic fuzzy digraphs in decision support system. We have also designed and implemented the algorithms for these decision support systems. PMID:25045752

  1. Supporting contractors' bidding decision: RBF neural networks application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leśniak, Agnieszka

    2016-06-01

    A bidding decision, despite its being important for the contractor, often needs to be made quickly and within a limited timeframe. To facilitate the contractor's reasoning by limiting randomness that may lead to mistakes decision support models are frequently applied. This paper presents possible applications of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to support bidding decisions. The proposed model involving networks with radial basis functions (RBF) was to perform a classification task. On the basis of a set of input data, the network was to suggest either participation in the bid or resignation from it. The results, 93% of correctly classified cases, confirmed the usability of RBF network in solving the problem.

  2. Artificial intelligence program in a computer application supporting reactor operations

    SciTech Connect

    Stratton, R.C.; Town, G.G.

    1985-01-01

    Improving nuclear reactor power plant operability is an ever-present concern for the nuclear industry. The definition of plant operability involves a complex interaction of the ideas of reliability, safety, and efficiency. This paper presents observations concerning the issues involved and the benefits derived from the implementation of a computer application which combines traditional computer applications with artificial intelligence (AI) methodologies. A system, the Component Configuration Control System (CCCS), is being installed to support nuclear reactor operations at the Experimental Breeder Reactor II.

  3. Multimedia architectures: from desktop systems to portable appliances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhaskaran, Vasudev; Konstantinides, Konstantinos; Natarajan, Balas R.

    1997-01-01

    Future desktop and portable computing systems will have as their core an integrated multimedia system. Such a system will seamlessly combine digital video, digital audio, computer animation, text, and graphics. Furthermore, such a system will allow for mixed-media creation, dissemination, and interactive access in real time. Multimedia architectures that need to support these functions have traditionally required special display and processing units for the different media types. This approach tends to be expensive and is inefficient in its use of silicon. Furthermore, such media-specific processing units are unable to cope with the fluid nature of the multimedia market wherein the needs and standards are changing and system manufacturers may demand a single component media engine across a range of products. This constraint has led to a shift towards providing a single-component multimedia specific computing engine that can be integrated easily within desktop systems, tethered consumer appliances, or portable appliances. In this paper, we review some of the recent architectural efforts in developing integrated media systems. We primarily focus on two efforts, namely the evolution of multimedia-capable general purpose processors and a more recent effort in developing single component mixed media co-processors. Design considerations that could facilitate the migration of these technologies to a portable integrated media system also are presented.

  4. Hypermedia support for engineering design systems: Application to fatigue analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saeaeski, Juha; Sipilae, Sisko; Marquis, Gary

    1992-12-01

    The possibilities of using hypermedia for supporting engineering design systems are discussed. The application selected to test the hypermedia ideas was fatigue analysis. In addition, the possibility of combining hypermedia and expert system ideas into a fatigue expert system is reported. Hypermedia's underlying notion of linking nodes of information and its capability to handle these information entities stored appear to be well suited for engineering system support systems, especially in those engineering design systems where there exists a great demand for representing graphical information in a convenient way. This can be realized using hypermedia tools that are based on hypermedia techniques. The resulting fatigue handbook covers only part of the hypermedia's possibilities. The development of a prototype application indicates the efficiency of a hypermedia tool to create an electronic manual.

  5. Ten Tips To Aid Teachers Creating Multimedia Presentations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ennis, Willie; Ennis, Demetria

    1996-01-01

    Suggestions to help teachers create original multimedia presentations and lessons include building resource teams, knowing intellectual property and copyright issues, analyzing target audiences, carefully selecting media, considering hardware and software requirements, seeking technical support, encouraging distribution on the World Wide Web,…

  6. Feasibility of a Multimedia Program for Parentally Bereaved Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Claudio D.; Cozza, Stephen J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Ursano, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Self-directed multimedia resources that provide psycho-educational information to selected populations have been supported in child health related areas including parenting skills in adults and literacy in children. Comparable programs for use with bereaved children and families have not been adequately developed or empirically…

  7. Does Multimedia Learning Theory Extend to Middle-School Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McTigue, Erin M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to translate principles of multimedia learning from college-age readers to middle grade students, when reading science texts with a supporting diagram. In this experimental study, sixth-grade students (n = 180) were randomly assigned to display conditions before reading. Each student read two explanatory sciences…

  8. Using Multimedia for Teaching Analysis in History of Modern Architecture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perryman, Garry

    This paper presents a case for the development and support of a computer-based interactive multimedia program for teaching analysis in community college architecture design programs. Analysis in architecture design is an extremely important strategy for the teaching of higher-order thinking skills, which senior schools of architecture look for in…

  9. Science Learning via Multimedia Portal Resources: The Scottish Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Dely; Wilson, Delia; Boyle, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Scotland's rich heritage in the field of science and engineering and recent curricular developments led to major investment in education to equip pupils with improved scientific knowledge and skills. However, due to its abstract and conceptual nature, learning science can be challenging. Literature supports the role of multimedia technology in…

  10. Domain and Intelligence Based Multimedia Question Answering System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, K. Magesh; Valarmathie, P.

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia question answering systems have become very popular over the past few years. It allows users to share their thoughts by answering a given question or obtain information from a set of answered questions. However, existing QA systems support only textual answer which is not so instructive for many users. The user's discussion can be…

  11. Feasibility of a Multimedia Program for Parentally Bereaved Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Claudio D.; Cozza, Stephen J.; Fullerton, Carol S.; Ursano, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Self-directed multimedia resources that provide psycho-educational information to selected populations have been supported in child health related areas including parenting skills in adults and literacy in children. Comparable programs for use with bereaved children and families have not been adequately developed or empirically…

  12. A Team of Pedagogical Agents in Multimedia Environment for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morozov, Mikhail; Tanakov, Andrey; Bystrov, Dmitriy

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the multimedia product for teaching Natural Sciences to 10-12 years old children. In this product three pedagogical agents, Teacher and two pupils guide the learner through the virtual environment. The inclusion of a team of pedagogical agents permits us to create a micro-model of lesson activity and gives a reliable support of…

  13. YourSELF. Middle School Nutrition Education Kit [Multimedia].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

    This multimedia kit provides information and materials for teaching nutrition to middle school students (grades 7 and 8). The kit supports schools' efforts to make school meals healthier and more appealing to students. The materials provide information about the relationships between food, nutrition, growth, and health. The kit speaks directly to…

  14. Science Learning via Multimedia Portal Resources: The Scottish Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Dely; Wilson, Delia; Boyle, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Scotland's rich heritage in the field of science and engineering and recent curricular developments led to major investment in education to equip pupils with improved scientific knowledge and skills. However, due to its abstract and conceptual nature, learning science can be challenging. Literature supports the role of multimedia technology in…

  15. Multimedia CSCL Tools and Methods from a Knowledge Building Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoilescu, Dorian

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses modalities of meaningful use of multimedia sources in Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) theory and the design of CSCL software tools. A discussion about main similarities and differences between the concepts of networking, coordination, cooperation, and collaboration is presented at the beginning. These concepts…

  16. MWAHCA: a multimedia wireless ad hoc cluster architecture.

    PubMed

    Diaz, Juan R; Lloret, Jaime; Jimenez, Jose M; Sendra, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc networks provide a flexible and adaptable infrastructure to transport data over a great variety of environments. Recently, real-time audio and video data transmission has been increased due to the appearance of many multimedia applications. One of the major challenges is to ensure the quality of multimedia streams when they have passed through a wireless ad hoc network. It requires adapting the network architecture to the multimedia QoS requirements. In this paper we propose a new architecture to organize and manage cluster-based ad hoc networks in order to provide multimedia streams. Proposed architecture adapts the network wireless topology in order to improve the quality of audio and video transmissions. In order to achieve this goal, the architecture uses some information such as each node's capacity and the QoS parameters (bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss). The architecture splits the network into clusters which are specialized in specific multimedia traffic. The real system performance study provided at the end of the paper will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal.

  17. MWAHCA: A Multimedia Wireless Ad Hoc Cluster Architecture

    PubMed Central

    Diaz, Juan R.; Jimenez, Jose M.; Sendra, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc networks provide a flexible and adaptable infrastructure to transport data over a great variety of environments. Recently, real-time audio and video data transmission has been increased due to the appearance of many multimedia applications. One of the major challenges is to ensure the quality of multimedia streams when they have passed through a wireless ad hoc network. It requires adapting the network architecture to the multimedia QoS requirements. In this paper we propose a new architecture to organize and manage cluster-based ad hoc networks in order to provide multimedia streams. Proposed architecture adapts the network wireless topology in order to improve the quality of audio and video transmissions. In order to achieve this goal, the architecture uses some information such as each node's capacity and the QoS parameters (bandwidth, delay, jitter, and packet loss). The architecture splits the network into clusters which are specialized in specific multimedia traffic. The real system performance study provided at the end of the paper will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposal. PMID:24737996

  18. Multimedia content analysis, management and retrieval: trends and challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanjalic, Alan; Sebe, Nicu; Chang, Edward

    2006-01-01

    Recent advances in computing, communications and storage technology have made multimedia data become prevalent. Multimedia has gained enormous potential in improving the processes in a wide range of fields, such as advertising and marketing, education and training, entertainment, medicine, surveillance, wearable computing, biometrics, and remote sensing. Rich content of multimedia data, built through the synergies of the information contained in different modalities, calls for new and innovative methods for modeling, processing, mining, organizing, and indexing of this data for effective and efficient searching, retrieval, delivery, management and sharing of multimedia content, as required by the applications in the abovementioned fields. The objective of this paper is to present our views on the trends that should be followed when developing such methods, to elaborate on the related research challenges, and to introduce the new conference, Multimedia Content Analysis, Management and Retrieval, as a premium venue for presenting and discussing these methods with the scientific community. Starting from 2006, the conference will be held annually as a part of the IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging event.

  19. User support services and network application development: An overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gary, J. Patrick

    1991-01-01

    An overview is given of the user support services and network application development. The overview consists of the background, elements of NASA Science Internet (NSI) with GSFC responsibility, GSFC element objectives, and a summary of current status and plans. A conclusion of the overview is that refinement to the objectives and plans of the NSI elements under GSFC responsibility is ongoing and will continue to be influenced by user input/feedback through meetings with NSIUWG and user discipline programs, etc.

  20. Ultrasonic Applications for Space Based Life Support Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Amos Steve

    The extreme reduction of gravitational acceleration forces in space-born environments allows the behavior of fluids to be dominated by forces normally masked by gravity. This altered behavior presents challenges and opportunities in the design of systems expected to operate in space. The dependence of life support systems on such fluid interactions to accomplish various processes can not be overlooked. For example, phase separation is one of the major fluid handling difficulties routinely faced in space technology, including life support systems. A vigorous manned space program demands the recycling of life support materials. Ultrasound is investigated as a potential technology to specifically address these problems. Earthbound applications for ultrasound are quite varied, which leads the investigation toward a multipurpose operational component of life support systems. Investigations have shown that the acoustic intensity gradients generated by ultrasound can be effectively used for multiphasic fluid pumping, fluid mixing, gas transfer across membranes, and cleaving complex biological compounds into smaller biologically digestible units. Investigations suggest that in addition to pumping fluids, acoustic gradients can further accelerate gas-liquid phase separations. The physical arrangement, geometries, and limits of such uses are suggested by the tests done here. The critical parameters of sound frequencies and amplitudes are highlighted with regard to the noted applications. The capacity to perform many functions in microgravity is a particular asset further enhanced by the simplicity and compactness of such hardware. These characteristics will trade favorably in terms of the mass and volume committed to an ultrasonic system compared to conventional technologies. These Earthbound investigations have illuminated the potential of ultrasonic physics and technology for space life support applications. They provide directions for future testing of such hardware under

  1. Multimedia contents production system (MM-CPS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roser, Miguel; Villegas, Paulo; Simon, Maria; Hernandez-Gil, J. F.; Aguado, Isidro

    1996-01-01

    A present characterized by deep worldwide changes, and a future where social relations and behaviors are going to undergo a substantial change need new telecommunications services in order to allow people to get closer, facilitate their daily tasks and place at their disposal multimedia information to be accessed anywhere and at any time. These new services are very dependent on the contents to be included in the applications. The purpose of this paper is to describe an universal MM contents production system (MM-CPS), which allows the generation of coded data files suitable to be included in MM-servers.

  2. Integration Architecture of Content Addressable Memory and Massive-Parallel Memory-Embedded SIMD Matrix for Versatile Multimedia Processor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumaki, Takeshi; Ishizaki, Masakatsu; Koide, Tetsushi; Mattausch, Hans Jürgen; Kuroda, Yasuto; Gyohten, Takayuki; Noda, Hideyuki; Dosaka, Katsumi; Arimoto, Kazutami; Saito, Kazunori

    This paper presents an integration architecture of content addressable memory (CAM) and a massive-parallel memory-embedded SIMD matrix for constructing a versatile multimedia processor. The massive-parallel memory-embedded SIMD matrix has 2,048 2-bit processing elements, which are connected by a flexible switching network, and supports 2-bit 2,048-way bit-serial and word-parallel operations with a single command. The SIMD matrix architecture is verified to be a better way for processing the repeated arithmetic operation types in multimedia applications. The proposed architecture, reported in this paper, exploits in addition CAM technology and enables therefore fast pipelined table-lookup coding operations. Since both arithmetic and table-lookup operations execute extremely fast, the proposed novel architecture can realize consequently efficient and versatile multimedia data processing. Evaluation results of the proposed CAM-enhanced massive-parallel SIMD matrix processor for the example of the frequently used JPEG image-compression application show that the necessary clock cycle number can be reduced by 86% in comparison to a conventional mobile DSP architecture. The determined performances in Mpixel/mm2 are factors 3.3 and 4.4 better than with a CAM-less massive-parallel memory-embedded SIMD matrix processor and a conventional mobile DSP, respectively.

  3. Images as a Resource for Supporting Vocabulary Learning: A Multimodal Analysis of Thai EFL Tablet Apps for Primary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vungthong, Sompatu; Djonov, Emilia; Torr, Jane

    2017-01-01

    In 2011, the Thai government introduced a national project, One Tablet per Child (OTPC), with the aim of supporting students' learning in the digital world. The project commenced with Grade 1 in 2012 and Grade 2 in 2013. The applications embedded in the OTPC tablet given to each child feature multimedia teaching applications (apps) on various…

  4. Supporting Agile Development of Authorization Rules for SME Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartsch, Steffen; Sohr, Karsten; Bormann, Carsten

    Custom SME applications for collaboration and workflow have become affordable when implemented as Web applications employing Agile methodologies. Security engineering is still difficult with Agile development, though: heavy-weight processes put the improvements of Agile development at risk. We propose Agile security engineering and increased end-user involvement to improve Agile development with respect to authorization policy development. To support the authorization policy development, we introduce a simple and readable authorization rules language implemented in a Ruby on Rails authorization plugin that is employed in a real-world SME collaboration and workflow application. Also, we report on early findings of the language’s use in authorization policy development with domain experts.

  5. An Exploratory Study of How Pre-Kindergarten Children Use the Interactive Multimedia Technology: Implications for Multimedia Software Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Min

    Literature has indicated that computers have a potential to support children in all stages of development. To enhance children's learning through technology, it is important to understand how children use computers. This study explores the use of interactive multimedia by three- to five-year olds. Through a close examination of the young…

  6. Software and Courseware for a Multimedia Educational Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Corre, Yves; Schwartz, Jacob

    Prepared for a 1984 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) conference, this report on the educational applications of new information technologies focuses primarily on the use of interactive audiovisual systems. Potential advantages of interactive multimedia educational environments are discussed and examples are given of…

  7. The Effectiveness of Interactivity in Multimedia Software Tutorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Many people face the challenge of finding effective computer-based software instruction, including employees who must learn how to use software applications for their job and students of distance education classes. Therefore, it is important to conduct research on how computer-based multimedia software tutorials should be designed so they are as…

  8. The Effectiveness of Interactivity in Multimedia Software Tutorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitman, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Many people face the challenge of finding effective computer-based software instruction, including employees who must learn how to use software applications for their job and students of distance education classes. Therefore, it is important to conduct research on how computer-based multimedia software tutorials should be designed so they are as…

  9. Going Beyond Limits: Integrating Multimedia Distribution Systems into the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavin, Tim

    1999-01-01

    A multimedia distribution system affords many opportunities for teachers and students. The systematic use of e-mail, Internet access, and live video presentations provides sound pedagogical applications which enhance student/teacher discourse and liberate learning from the confines of the classroom. Each of these three technologies is discussed.…

  10. IT and Multimedia in Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.

    Development of information technology (IT) and the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) project has placed Malaysia within the global interconnectivity along with other developed nations. Types of IT applications are e-learning, e-mail, discussion group mailing lists, bulletin board systems, chat mode, newsgroups, Internet, tutorial, hypermedia, and…

  11. "Back to the Future"--Multimedia and Telematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muirden, Alan

    1995-01-01

    Describes applications of multimedia and telematics at Paradise Valley Community College (Arizona), the University of Delaware, and Miami-Dade Community College. Shows how these programs solve problems of cost and development time; stresses the importance of networking and interactivity. (SK)

  12. Software and Courseware for a Multimedia Educational Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Corre, Yves; Schwartz, Jacob

    Prepared for a 1984 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) conference, this report on the educational applications of new information technologies focuses primarily on the use of interactive audiovisual systems. Potential advantages of interactive multimedia educational environments are discussed and examples are given of…

  13. Applications of system dynamics modelling to support health policy.

    PubMed

    Atkinson, Jo-An M; Wells, Robert; Page, Andrew; Dominello, Amanda; Haines, Mary; Wilson, Andrew

    2015-07-09

    The value of systems science modelling methods in the health sector is increasingly being recognised. Of particular promise is the potential of these methods to improve operational aspects of healthcare capacity and delivery, analyse policy options for health system reform and guide investments to address complex public health problems. Because it lends itself to a participatory approach, system dynamics modelling has been a particularly appealing method that aims to align stakeholder understanding of the underlying causes of a problem and achieve consensus for action. The aim of this review is to determine the effectiveness of system dynamics modelling for health policy, and explore the range and nature of its application. A systematic search was conducted to identify articles published up to April 2015 from the PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Embase, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar databases. The grey literature was also searched. Papers eligible for inclusion were those that described applications of system dynamics modelling to support health policy at any level of government. Six papers were identified, comprising eight case studies of the application of system dynamics modelling to support health policy. No analytic studies were found that examined the effectiveness of this type of modelling. Only three examples engaged multidisciplinary stakeholders in collective model building. Stakeholder participation in model building reportedly facilitated development of a common 'mental map' of the health problem, resulting in consensus about optimal policy strategy and garnering support for collaborative action. The paucity of relevant papers indicates that, although the volume of descriptive literature advocating the value of system dynamics modelling is considerable, its practical application to inform health policy making is yet to be routinely applied and rigorously evaluated. Advances in software are allowing the participatory model building approach to be extended to

  14. Multimedia Feedback Systems for Engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Gladwell, S.; Gottlieb, E.J.; McDonald, M.J.; Slutter, C.L.

    1998-12-15

    The World Wide Web has become a key tool for information sharing. Engineers and scientists are finding that the web is especially suited to publishing the graphical, multi-layered information that is typical of their work. Web pages are easier to distribute than hardcopy. Web movies have become more accessible, in many offices, than videos. Good VRML viewing software, bundled with most new PCs, has sufficient power to support many engineering needs. In addition to publishing information science and engineering has an important tradition of peer and customer review. Reports, drawings and graphs are typically printed, distributed, reviewed, marked up, and returned to the author. Adding review comments to paper is easy. When, however, the information is in electronic form, this ease of review goes away. It's hard to write on videos. It's even harder to write comments on animated 3D models. These feedback limitations reduce the value of the information overall. Fortunately, the web can also be a useful tool for collecting peer and customer review information. When properly formed, web reports, movies, and 3D animations can be readily linked to review notes. This paper describes three multimedia feed-back systems that Sandia National Laboratories has developed to tap that potential. Each system allows people to make context-sensitive comments about specific web content and electronically ties the comments back to the web content being referenced. The fuel system ties comments to specific web pages, the second system ties the comments to specific frames of digital movies, and the third ties the comments to specific times and viewpoints within 3D animations. In addition to the technologies, this paper describes how they are being used to support intelligent machine systems design at Sandia.

  15. History and Multimedia Technology. Media Corner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell-Powell, Brenda, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    Contends that, although multimedia technology offers new options for history instruction, its value depends on the consistency, reliability, and convenience of operational methods. Provides reviews of three recommended and one not recommended multimedia packages. (CFR)

  16. Reviewing model application to support animal health decision making.

    PubMed

    Singer, Alexander; Salman, Mo; Thulke, Hans-Hermann

    2011-04-01

    Animal health is of societal importance as it affects human welfare, and anthropogenic interests shape decision making to assure animal health. Scientific advice to support decision making is manifold. Modelling, as one piece of the scientific toolbox, is appreciated for its ability to describe and structure data, to give insight in complex processes and to predict future outcome. In this paper we study the application of scientific modelling to support practical animal health decisions. We reviewed the 35 animal health related scientific opinions adopted by the Animal Health and Animal Welfare Panel of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Thirteen of these documents were based on the application of models. The review took two viewpoints, the decision maker's need and the modeller's approach. In the reviewed material three types of modelling questions were addressed by four specific model types. The correspondence between tasks and models underpinned the importance of the modelling question in triggering the modelling approach. End point quantifications were the dominating request from decision makers, implying that prediction of risk is a major need. However, due to knowledge gaps corresponding modelling studies often shed away from providing exact numbers. Instead, comparative scenario analyses were performed, furthering the understanding of the decision problem and effects of alternative management options. In conclusion, the most adequate scientific support for decision making - including available modelling capacity - might be expected if the required advice is clearly stated.

  17. Forensic hash for multimedia information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Wenjun; Varna, Avinash L.; Wu, Min

    2010-01-01

    Digital multimedia such as images and videos are prevalent on today's internet and cause significant social impact, which can be evidenced by the proliferation of social networking sites with user generated contents. Due to the ease of generating and modifying images and videos, it is critical to establish trustworthiness for online multimedia information. In this paper, we propose novel approaches to perform multimedia forensics using compact side information to reconstruct the processing history of a document. We refer to this as FASHION, standing for Forensic hASH for informatION assurance. Based on the Radon transform and scale space theory, the proposed forensic hash is compact and can effectively estimate the parameters of geometric transforms and detect local tampering that an image may have undergone. Forensic hash is designed to answer a broader range of questions regarding the processing history of multimedia data than the simple binary decision from traditional robust image hashing, and also offers more efficient and accurate forensic analysis than multimedia forensic techniques that do not use any side information.

  18. Group Coordination Support in Networked Multimedia Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-12-01

    and reaction to turn- taking signals are deemed a high -level social skill rather than a simple stimulus-response mechanism. Turn-yielding and turn...a small group in a high -latency network; (3) a large group in a low-latency network; and ( 4 ) a large group in a high -latency network. We set = 0...the organiza- tion of turn- taking for conversations. Language, 50( 4 ):696{735, 1974. [192] J. H. Saltzer, D. P. Reed, and D. D. Clark. End-to-end

  19. Interactive Multimedia in Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mishra, Sanjaya, Ed.; Sharma, Ramesh C., Ed.

    2005-01-01

    "Interactive Multimedia in Education and Training" emerges out of the need to share information and knowledge on the research and practices of using multimedia in various educational settings. The book discusses issues related to planning, designing and development of interactive multimedia in a persuasive tone and style, offering rich research…

  20. Interdisciplinary Study with Computer-Based Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Couch, John D.; And Others

    Interdisciplinary study with computer-based multimedia in the classroom is reviewed. The multimedia revolution involves multiple technologies and multiple modes of sensation, but the computer is at the heart of this revolution. Despite the many challenges, interest is strong for multimedia courseware. The predicted market is enormous, and nowhere…

  1. Walking the Labyrinth of Multimedia Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helyar, Pamela S.; Doudnikoff, Gregory M.

    1994-01-01

    Describes why developers of multimedia products face a more complex legal landscape than do developers of "few-media" products. Describes the laws that pertain to multimedia. Discusses how developers of multimedia products might walk the legal labyrinth and protect themselves and their companies from lawsuits. (SR)

  2. Standards of Multimedia Graphic Design in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldalalah, Osamah Ahmad; Ababneh, Ziad Waleed Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine Standards of Multimedia Graphic Design in Education through the analysis of the theoretical basis and previous studies related to this subject. This study has identified the list of standards of Multimedia, Graphic Design, each of which has a set indicator through which the quality of Multimedia can be evaluated in…

  3. Interdisciplinary Study with Computer-Based Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Couch, John D.; And Others

    Interdisciplinary study with computer-based multimedia in the classroom is reviewed. The multimedia revolution involves multiple technologies and multiple modes of sensation, but the computer is at the heart of this revolution. Despite the many challenges, interest is strong for multimedia courseware. The predicted market is enormous, and nowhere…

  4. Security Management in a Multimedia System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rednic, Emanuil; Toma, Andrei

    2009-01-01

    In database security, the issue of providing a level of security for multimedia information is getting more and more known. For the moment the security of multimedia information is done through the security of the database itself, in the same way, for all classic and multimedia records. So what is the reason for the creation of a security…

  5. Increasing Student Learning through Multimedia Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simkins, Michael; Cole, Karen; Tavalin, Fern; Means, Barbara

    This book discusses enhancing student achievement through project-based learning with multimedia. Chapter 1 describes project-based multimedia learning. Chapter 2 presents a multimedia primer, including the five basic types of media objects (i.e., images, text, sound, motion, and interactivity). Chapter 3 addresses making a real-world connection,…

  6. Increasing Student Learning through Multimedia Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simkins, Michael; Cole, Karen; Tavalin, Fern; Means, Barbara

    This book discusses enhancing student achievement through project-based learning with multimedia. Chapter 1 describes project-based multimedia learning. Chapter 2 presents a multimedia primer, including the five basic types of media objects (i.e., images, text, sound, motion, and interactivity). Chapter 3 addresses making a real-world connection,…

  7. Interactive Multimedia in Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mishra, Sanjaya, Ed.; Sharma, Ramesh C., Ed.

    2005-01-01

    "Interactive Multimedia in Education and Training" emerges out of the need to share information and knowledge on the research and practices of using multimedia in various educational settings. The book discusses issues related to planning, designing and development of interactive multimedia in a persuasive tone and style, offering rich research…

  8. New Visions of Reality: Multimedia and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambron, Sueann

    1986-01-01

    Multimedia is a powerful tool that will change both the way we look at knowledge and our vision of reality, as well as our educational system and the business world. Multimedia as used here refers to the innovation of mixing text, audio, and video through the use of a computer. Not only will there be new products emerging from multimedia uses, but…

  9. Deep Reduced PEDOT Films Support Electrochemical Applications: Biomimetic Color Front

    PubMed Central

    Martinez, Jose G.; Berrueco, Beatriz; Otero, Toribio F.

    2015-01-01

    Most of the literature accepts, despite many controversial results, that during oxidation/reduction films of conducting polymers (CPs) move from electronic conductors to insulators. Thus, engineers and device’s designers are forced to use metallic supports to reoxidize the material for reversible device work. Electrochromic front experiments appear as main visual support of the claimed insulating nature of reduced CPs. Here, we present a different design of the biomimetic electrochromic front that corroborates the electronic and ionic conducting nature of deep reduced films. The direct contact PEDOT metal/electrolyte and film/electrolyte was prevented from electrolyte contact until 1 cm far from the metal contact with protecting Parafilm®. The deep reduced PEDOT film supports the flow of high currents promoting reaction induced electrochromic color changes beginning 1 cm far from the metal-polymer electrical contact and advancing, through the reduced film, toward the metal contact. Reverse color changes during oxidation/reduction always are initiated at the film/electrolyte contact advancing, under the protecting film, toward the film/metal contact. Both reduced and oxidized states of the film demonstrate electronic and ionic conductivities high enough to be used for electronic applications or, as self-supported electrodes, for electrochemical devices. The electrochemically stimulated conformational relaxation model explains those results. PMID:25717472

  10. Space Life Support Technology Applications to Terrestrial Environmental Problems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schwartzkopf, Steven H.; Sleeper, Howard L.

    1993-01-01

    Many of the problems now facing the human race on Earth are, in fact, life support issues. Decline of air Quality as a result of industrial and automotive emissions, pollution of ground water by organic pesticides or solvents, and the disposal of solid wastes are all examples of environmental problems that we must solve to sustain human life. The technologies currently under development to solve the problems of supporting human life for advanced space missions are extraordinarily synergistic with these environmental problems. The development of these technologies (including both physicochemical and bioregenerative types) is increasingly focused on closing the life support loop by removing and recycling contaminants and wastes to produce the materials necessary to sustain human life. By so doing, this technology development effort also focuses automatically on reducing resupply logistics requirements and increasing crew safety through increased self-sufficiency. This paper describes several technologies that have been developed to support human life in space and illustrates the applicability of the technologies to environmental problems including environmental remediation and pollution prevention.

  11. A human factors methodology for real-time support applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Murphy, E. D.; Vanbalen, P. M.; Mitchell, C. M.

    1983-01-01

    A general approach to the human factors (HF) analysis of new or existing projects at NASA/Goddard is delineated. Because the methodology evolved from HF evaluations of the Mission Planning Terminal (MPT) and the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite Mission Operations Room (ERBS MOR), it is directed specifically to the HF analysis of real-time support applications. Major topics included for discussion are the process of establishing a working relationship between the Human Factors Group (HFG) and the project, orientation of HF analysts to the project, human factors analysis and review, and coordination with major cycles of system development. Sub-topics include specific areas for analysis and appropriate HF tools. Management support functions are outlined. References provide a guide to sources of further information.

  12. Differential Impact of Unguided versus Guided Use of a Multimedia Introduction to Equine Obstetrics in Veterinary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govaere Jan, L. J.; de Kruif, Aart; Valcke, Martin

    2012-01-01

    In view of supporting the study of the complex domain of equine obstetrics, a Foal"in"Mare multimedia package with 3D designs has been developed. The present study centers on questions as to the most optimal implementation of the multimedia package in veterinary education. In a pretest-posttest cross-over design, students were randomly assigned to…

  13. Differential Impact of Unguided versus Guided Use of a Multimedia Introduction to Equine Obstetrics in Veterinary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govaere Jan, L. J.; de Kruif, Aart; Valcke, Martin

    2012-01-01

    In view of supporting the study of the complex domain of equine obstetrics, a Foal"in"Mare multimedia package with 3D designs has been developed. The present study centers on questions as to the most optimal implementation of the multimedia package in veterinary education. In a pretest-posttest cross-over design, students were randomly assigned to…

  14. Framework for Supporting Web-Based Collaborative Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dai, Wei

    The article proposes an intelligent framework for supporting Web-based applications. The framework focuses on innovative use of existing resources and technologies in the form of services and takes the leverage of theoretical foundation of services science and the research from services computing. The main focus of the framework is to deliver benefits to users with various roles such as service requesters, service providers, and business owners to maximize their productivity when engaging with each other via the Web. The article opens up with research motivations and questions, analyses the existing state of research in the field, and describes the approach in implementing the proposed framework. Finally, an e-health application is discussed to evaluate the effectiveness of the framework where participants such as general practitioners (GPs), patients, and health-care workers collaborate via the Web.

  15. Multimedia training in nursing education.

    PubMed

    Gleydura, A J; Michelman, J E; Wilson, C N

    1995-01-01

    The new developments in computer technology are changing the way training professionals look at computer-assisted instruction (CAI). Nursing educators and practitioners can plan on CAI capabilities that will be both possible and economical as well as within the reach of most organizations. Health care delivery may not be in a position to forego multimedia training as part of its repertoire. In this article, we review interactive video instruction as a multimedia tool in nursing education with an emphasis on the new developments in hardware and software technology. In particular, we examine the changing role of CD-ROM technology and how it has become a tool to change the face of CAI. We define the current status and future trends in CAI and interactive video instruction for nursing education. Several key definitions are introduced to reflect the new direction of multimedia in nursing education.

  16. Educational Multimedia/Hypermedia and Telecommunications, 1997. Proceedings of ED-MEDIA/ED-TELECOM 97--World Conference on Educational Multimedia/Hypermedia and Educational Telecommunications (Calgary, Canada, June 14-19, 1997). Volumes I and II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muldner, Tomasz, Ed.; Reeves, Thomas C., Ed.

    This collection presents papers pertaining to the wide area of educational multimedia/hypermedia and telecommunications. The conference serves as a forum for the dissemination of information on the research, development, and applications in all areas of multimedia/hypermedia and telecommunications in education across all disciplines and levels.…

  17. Multimedia traffic monitoring system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Sayegh, Osamah A.; Dashti, Ali E.

    2000-10-01

    Increasing congestion on roads and highways, and the problems associated with conventional traffic monitoring systems have generated an interest in new traffic surveillance systems, such as video image processing. These systems are expected to be more effective and more economical than conventional surveillance systems. In this paper, we describe the design of a traffic surveillance system, called Multimedia traffic Monitoring System. The system is based on a client/server model, with the following main modules: 1) video image capture module (VICM), 2) video image processing module (VIPM), and 3) database module (DBM). The VICM is used to capture the live feed from a digital camera. Depending on the mode of operation, VICM either: 1) sends the video images directly to the VIPM (on the same processing node), or 2) compresses the video images and sends them to the VIPM and/or the DBM on separate processing node(s). The main contribution of this paper is the design of a traffic monitoring system that uses image processing (VIPM) to estimate traffic flow. In the current implementation, VIPM estimates the number of vehicles per kilometer, while using 9 image sequences (at a rate of 4 frames per second). The VIPM algorithm generates a virtual grid and superimposes it on a part of the traffic scene. Motion and vehicle detection operators are carried out within each cell in the grid. Vehicle count is concluded based on the nine images of a sequence. The system is tested against a manual count of more than 40 image sequences (total of more than 365 traffic images) of various traffic situations. The results show that the system is able to determine the traffic flow with a precision of 1.5 vehicles per kilometer.

  18. Multimedia strategy considers waste treatment

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, J.B.

    1995-05-01

    The advent of multimedia pollution prevention programs has raised some interesting and challenging questions on the subject of facility operations. First and foremost is the goal of a multimedia pollution prevention program: how can industrial streams in an operating facility be treated to prevent pollutants from escaping in a particular effluent or waste streams without transferring the same pollutants to another medium? Once this is resolved, the next issue to be addressed is the fate of pollutants removed from effluent streams. EPA is moving toward discouraging destruction as an acceptable means of waste treatment. The strategies are presented for handling pollutants from one media without contaminating another.

  19. Multimedia authentication for copyright protection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Mingsheng

    2017-06-01

    Multimedia contents are easy to be copied and modified, so it is important to use authentication technology to ensure reliability and copyright security. Multimedia authentication technology is usually divided into digital signature and digital watermarking. In this paper, we introduce some basic image and video authentication technology, such as PCA algorithm and image signature method based on DCT coefficient, LSB -based digital image watermark, SVD-based digital image watermark, and video watermark. Through these digital content security technology, digital contents can be ensured security

  20. An Integrated Multimedia Learning Model vs. the Traditional Face-to-Face Learning Model: An Examination of College Economics Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Son, Barbara; Simonian, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia learning tools can assist and help motivate students by supplementing traditional teaching modalities with learner-centered learning through application and practice. The overall effectiveness of multimedia learning has been documented (Son & Simonian, 2013; Son & Goldstone, 2012; Zhang, 2005). How are effective multimedia…

  1. An Integrated Multimedia Learning Model vs. the Traditional Face-to-Face Learning Model: An Examination of College Economics Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Son, Barbara; Simonian, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia learning tools can assist and help motivate students by supplementing traditional teaching modalities with learner-centered learning through application and practice. The overall effectiveness of multimedia learning has been documented (Son & Simonian, 2013; Son & Goldstone, 2012; Zhang, 2005). How are effective multimedia…

  2. Multimedia Transformation: A Special Report on Multimedia in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Week, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In science and math classes across the country, digital tools are being used to conduct experiments, analyze data, and run 3-D simulations to explain complex concepts. Language arts teachers are now pushing the definition of literacy to include the ability to express ideas through media. This report, "Multimedia Transformation," examines the many…

  3. His Name was Lincoln: A Multimedia Biography. [Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, James M.

    These printed materials (a user's guide, a 2-part topical guide on peace and war with suggestions for classroom activities, a teacher's guide for the "Magic Media Slate,") accompany a multimedia resource packet that includes 2 interactive CD-ROMs and "Magic Media Slate," a word processor program. The packet examines the life…

  4. Multimedia Transformation: A Special Report on Multimedia in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Week, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In science and math classes across the country, digital tools are being used to conduct experiments, analyze data, and run 3-D simulations to explain complex concepts. Language arts teachers are now pushing the definition of literacy to include the ability to express ideas through media. This report, "Multimedia Transformation," examines the many…

  5. Three multimedia models used at hazardous and radioactive waste sites

    SciTech Connect

    Moskowitz, P.D.; Pardi, R.; Fthenakis, V.M.; Holtzman, S.; Sun, L.C.; Rambaugh, J.O.; Potter, S.

    1996-02-01

    Multimedia models are used commonly in the initial phases of the remediation process where technical interest is focused on determining the relative importance of various exposure pathways. This report provides an approach for evaluating and critically reviewing the capabilities of multimedia models. This study focused on three specific models MEPAS Version 3.0, MMSOILS Version 2.2, and PRESTO-EPA-CPG Version 2.0. These models evaluate the transport and fate of contaminants from source to receptor through more than a single pathway. The presence of radioactive and mixed wastes at a site poses special problems. Hence, in this report, restrictions associated with the selection and application of multimedia models for sites contaminated with radioactive and mixed wastes are highlighted. This report begins with a brief introduction to the concept of multimedia modeling, followed by an overview of the three models. The remaining chapters present more technical discussions of the issues associated with each compartment and their direct application to the specific models. In these analyses, the following components are discussed: source term; air transport; ground water transport; overland flow, runoff, and surface water transport; food chain modeling; exposure assessment; dosimetry/risk assessment; uncertainty; default parameters. The report concludes with a description of evolving updates to the model; these descriptions were provided by the model developers.

  6. On the Accuracy Potential in Underwater/Multimedia Photogrammetry

    PubMed Central

    Maas, Hans-Gerd

    2015-01-01

    Underwater applications of photogrammetric measurement techniques usually need to deal with multimedia photogrammetry aspects, which are characterized by the necessity of handling optical rays that are refracted at interfaces between optical media with different refractive indices according to Snell’s Law. This so-called multimedia geometry has to be incorporated into geometric models in order to achieve correct measurement results. The paper shows a flexible yet strict geometric model for the handling of refraction effects on the optical path, which can be implemented as a module into photogrammetric standard tools such as spatial resection, spatial intersection, bundle adjustment or epipolar line computation. The module is especially well suited for applications, where an object in water is observed by cameras in air through one or more planar glass interfaces, as it allows for some simplifications here. In the second part of the paper, several aspects, which are relevant for an assessment of the accuracy potential in underwater/multimedia photogrammetry, are discussed. These aspects include network geometry and interface planarity issues as well as effects caused by refractive index variations and dispersion and diffusion under water. All these factors contribute to a rather significant degradation of the geometric accuracy potential in underwater/multimedia photogrammetry. In practical experiments, a degradation of the quality of results by a factor two could be determined under relatively favorable conditions. PMID:26213942

  7. On the Accuracy Potential in Underwater/Multimedia Photogrammetry.

    PubMed

    Maas, Hans-Gerd

    2015-07-24

    Underwater applications of photogrammetric measurement techniques usually need to deal with multimedia photogrammetry aspects, which are characterized by the necessity of handling optical rays that are refracted at interfaces between optical media with different refractive indices according to Snell's Law. This so-called multimedia geometry has to be incorporated into geometric models in order to achieve correct measurement results. The paper shows a flexible yet strict geometric model for the handling of refraction effects on the optical path, which can be implemented as a module into photogrammetric standard tools such as spatial resection, spatial intersection, bundle adjustment or epipolar line computation. The module is especially well suited for applications, where an object in water is observed by cameras in air through one or more planar glass interfaces, as it allows for some simplifications here. In the second part of the paper, several aspects, which are relevant for an assessment of the accuracy potential in underwater/multimedia photogrammetry, are discussed. These aspects include network geometry and interface planarity issues as well as effects caused by refractive index variations and dispersion and diffusion under water. All these factors contribute to a rather significant degradation of the geometric accuracy potential in underwater/multimedia photogrammetry. In practical experiments, a degradation of the quality of results by a factor two could be determined under relatively favorable conditions.

  8. Interface Supports Multiple Broadcast Transceivers for Flight Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Block, Gary L.; Whitaker, William D.; Dillon, James W.; Lux, James P.; Ahmad, Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    A wireless avionics interface provides a mechanism for managing multiple broadcast transceivers. This interface isolates the control logic required to support multiple transceivers so that the flight application does not have to manage wireless transceivers. All of the logic to select transceivers, detect transmitter and receiver faults, and take autonomous recovery action is contained in the interface, which is not restricted to using wireless transceivers. Wired, wireless, and mixed transceiver technologies are supported. This design s use of broadcast data technology provides inherent cross strapping of data links. This greatly simplifies the design of redundant flight subsystems. The interface fully exploits the broadcast data link to determine the health of other transceivers used to detect and isolate faults for fault recovery. The interface uses simplified control logic, which can be implemented as an intellectual-property (IP) core in a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The interface arbitrates the reception of inbound data traffic appearing on multiple receivers. It arbitrates the transmission of outbound traffic. This system also monitors broadcast data traffic to determine the health of transmitters in the network, and then uses this health information to make autonomous decisions for routing traffic through transceivers. Multiple selection strategies are supported, like having an active transceiver with the secondary transceiver powered off except to send periodic health status reports. Transceivers can operate in round-robin for load-sharing and graceful degradation.

  9. The research of computer multimedia assistant in college English listening

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Qian

    2012-04-01

    With the technology development of network information, there exists more and more seriously questions to our education. Computer multimedia application breaks the traditional foreign language teaching and brings new challenges and opportunities for the education. Through the multiple media application, the teaching process is full of animation, image, voice, and characters. This can improve the learning initiative and objective with great development of learning efficiency. During the traditional foreign language teaching, people use characters learning. However, through this method, the theory performance is good but the practical application is low. During the long time computer multimedia application in the foreign language teaching, many teachers still have prejudice. Therefore, the method is not obtaining the effect. After all the above, the research has significant meaning for improving the teaching quality of foreign language.

  10. Closed ecological life-support systems and their applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gitelson, Josef I.

    The advent of man-made closed ecosystems (CES) is a solution of the fundamental problem-egress of humans beyond the Earth's biosphere, providing biological basis for exploitation of Space and celestial bodies. Yet, before proceeding to these ambitious project elements of closed life-support biotechnologies, there can be found diverse applications on Earth in human settlements providing for high quality of life under extreme environment conditions: high latitudes, deserts, mountains and industrially polluted areas. This presentation considers these variations of terrestrial applications of CELSS technologies. The version of CES under development is based on making direct use of the light energy in plant photosynthesis. In this case life support of one man on the Earth orbit requires solar light collected from 5-10m2. Among terrestrial applications of prime importance is the development of an ecohome designed to provide people with a high quality of life in Arctic and Antarctic territories. The developed technology of cascade employment of energy makes possible (expending 10-15 kw of installed power per a house-3-5 member family) to provide for: permanent supply of fresh vitamin-full vegetables, absorption and processing oaf excreta, purification of water and air in the living quarters, habitual colour and light conditions in the premises in winter making up to sensorial deprivation and, finally, psychological comfort of close contact with the plants during the long polar night. Ecohabitat based on the technology described in realistic today and depends only on the energy available and the resolution and readiness (sagacity) of the decision-makers to be committed with ecohome assigning. The ecological and economical significance of construction of ecohabitats for the northern territories of Canada, Alaska and Russia is apparent. This principle can be used (with considerable economy of energy and construction costs) to maintain normal partial pressure of oxygen inside

  11. A Semantic Sensor Web for Environmental Decision Support Applications

    PubMed Central

    Gray, Alasdair J. G.; Sadler, Jason; Kit, Oles; Kyzirakos, Kostis; Karpathiotakis, Manos; Calbimonte, Jean-Paul; Page, Kevin; García-Castro, Raúl; Frazer, Alex; Galpin, Ixent; Fernandes, Alvaro A. A.; Paton, Norman W.; Corcho, Oscar; Koubarakis, Manolis; De Roure, David; Martinez, Kirk; Gómez-Pérez, Asunción

    2011-01-01

    Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England. PMID:22164110

  12. A semantic sensor web for environmental decision support applications.

    PubMed

    Gray, Alasdair J G; Sadler, Jason; Kit, Oles; Kyzirakos, Kostis; Karpathiotakis, Manos; Calbimonte, Jean-Paul; Page, Kevin; García-Castro, Raúl; Frazer, Alex; Galpin, Ixent; Fernandes, Alvaro A A; Paton, Norman W; Corcho, Oscar; Koubarakis, Manolis; De Roure, David; Martinez, Kirk; Gómez-Pérez, Asunción

    2011-01-01

    Sensing devices are increasingly being deployed to monitor the physical world around us. One class of application for which sensor data is pertinent is environmental decision support systems, e.g., flood emergency response. For these applications, the sensor readings need to be put in context by integrating them with other sources of data about the surrounding environment. Traditional systems for predicting and detecting floods rely on methods that need significant human resources. In this paper we describe a semantic sensor web architecture for integrating multiple heterogeneous datasets, including live and historic sensor data, databases, and map layers. The architecture provides mechanisms for discovering datasets, defining integrated views over them, continuously receiving data in real-time, and visualising on screen and interacting with the data. Our approach makes extensive use of web service standards for querying and accessing data, and semantic technologies to discover and integrate datasets. We demonstrate the use of our semantic sensor web architecture in the context of a flood response planning web application that uses data from sensor networks monitoring the sea-state around the coast of England.

  13. Applying the cognitive theory of multimedia learning: an analysis of medical animations.

    PubMed

    Yue, Carole; Kim, Jessie; Ogawa, Rikke; Stark, Elena; Kim, Sara

    2013-04-01

    Instructional animations play a prominent role in medical education, but the degree to which these teaching tools follow empirically established learning principles, such as those outlined in the cognitive theory of multimedia learning (CTML), is unknown. These principles provide guidelines for designing animations in a way that promotes optimal cognitive processing and facilitates learning, but the application of these learning principles in current animations has not yet been investigated. A large-scale review of existing educational tools in the context of this theoretical framework is necessary to examine if and how instructional medical animations adhere to these principles and where improvements can be made. We conducted a comprehensive review of instructional animations in the health sciences domain and examined whether these animations met the three main goals of CTML: managing essential processing; minimising extraneous processing, and facilitating generative processing. We also identified areas for pedagogical improvement. Through Google keyword searches, we identified 4455 medical animations for review. After the application of exclusion criteria, 860 animations from 20 developers were retained. We randomly sampled and reviewed 50% of the identified animations. Many animations did not follow the recommended multimedia learning principles, particularly those that support the management of essential processing. We also noted an excess of extraneous visual and auditory elements and few opportunities for learner interactivity. Many unrealised opportunities exist for improving the efficacy of animations as learning tools in medical education; instructors can look to effective examples to select or design animations that incorporate the established principles of CTML. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2013.

  14. Multimedia and Intellectual Property Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickens, Julian

    1992-01-01

    Addresses concerns that various sectors involved in the multimedia industry have concerning intellectual property rights. Issues affecting copyright owners, hardware manufacturers, and producers are discussed, including user fees, licensing agreements, quality assurances, pricing, copyright ownership, and the control of distribution and marketing.…

  15. Multimedia and Technology in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mantiri, Franky

    2014-01-01

    This essay explores the use of computer technology and multimedia in students learning. Undoubtedly, the advent of computer technology has changed the way humans learn and do things. Moreover, "Computer has become standard equipment" (Bitter & Pierson, 2002) in everyday life. The ability to process data in a real time has helped…

  16. Interactive Multimedia in Western Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pina, Antonio R. Bartolome

    The purpose of this study was to examine how end-users participate in the evaluation of multimedia programs in North America. Questionnaires were sent to over 100 projects (26 returned) focusing on instructional objectives. Results are discussed in terms of graphics, the user/machine interface, costs, program design, quality indicators, such as…

  17. Emotional Design in Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Um, Eunjoon; Plass, Jan L.; Hayward, Elizabeth O.; Homer, Bruce D.

    2012-01-01

    Can multimedia learning environments be designed to foster positive emotions that will improve learning and related affective outcomes? College students (N = 118) were randomly assigned to 4 conditions created by 2 factors related to learners' emotion: "external mood induction" (positive vs. neutral emotions) and "emotional design induction"…

  18. Why Students Should Use Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bucher, Katherine

    1995-01-01

    Examines benefits of multimedia presentation software for teachers, librarians, and elementary and secondary school students. Discusses an example of two school library media specialists working with an English class using the library's reference collection (print and CD-ROM) and HyperCard. Suggests presentation assignments for various subjects.…

  19. Interactive Multimedia: Practice and Promise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latchem, Colin, Ed.; And Others

    This book describes developments in interactive multimedia (IMM) in the early 1990s. Its aim is to provide educators, students, trainers, librarians, managers, and practitioners with an overview, not only of the directions and uses of the technology, but also of the research foundations and educational and contextual issues that need to be…

  20. Multimedia and Intellectual Property Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickens, Julian

    1992-01-01

    Addresses concerns that various sectors involved in the multimedia industry have concerning intellectual property rights. Issues affecting copyright owners, hardware manufacturers, and producers are discussed, including user fees, licensing agreements, quality assurances, pricing, copyright ownership, and the control of distribution and marketing.…

  1. Scaffolding Learning through Multimedia Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Yi-Mei; Swan, Karen; Kratcoski, Annette

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on a third grade class's use of technology during a science unit on forces and motion. The investigation documents the unique ways in which children can construct knowledge and create multimedia representations of their learning when afforded ready access to a variety of digital devices. Further, the study explores the way…

  2. Volitional Aspects of Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deimann, Markus; Keller, John M.

    2006-01-01

    Research on multimedia learning has produced a vast body of findings which, however, are not yet being integrated into a comprehensive framework of reference. For a considerable time, cognitive centered approaches have dominated the literature. Although motivational variables are now being taken into account, there is still a large gap in regard…

  3. Creating Multimedia Courseware for ESP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goertzen, Philip; Howard, Ron

    1995-01-01

    This report details the development of computer software to teach English-as-a-Second-Language skills for medical diagnosis. Design of a prototype unit of multimedia materials using a common authoring tool required about 300 hours of work over a period of 9 months. The report describes the overall design of the courseware, hardware used, stages of…

  4. Multimedia: Multi-Learning Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Lesley S. J.

    1995-01-01

    Examines facets using multimedia to enhance learning. Highlights include product linkage and customization; flexibility for lesson plans; hypermedia authoring tools; student presentations; expense; incompatible and confusing systems; high memory demands; hardware standards for Windows and Macintosh programs; and CD-ROM products. (AEF)

  5. Accessible Multimedia for the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaparyniuk, Nicholas; Code, Jillianne

    With the Internet taking a dominant role in corporate training, education, retail, and customer based product exploration, authors of Web-based information need to ensure that the media they deliver is accessible to the widest possible audience. Whether users have a visual, auditory, physical, or developmental disability, accessible multimedia can…

  6. Interactive Multimedia: Practice and Promise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latchem, Colin, Ed.; And Others

    This book describes developments in interactive multimedia (IMM) in the early 1990s. Its aim is to provide educators, students, trainers, librarians, managers, and practitioners with an overview, not only of the directions and uses of the technology, but also of the research foundations and educational and contextual issues that need to be…

  7. Multimedia Equipment for Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiller, Scott S.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the use of multimedia equipment for distance education. Topics addressed include use of the Internet; distance learning for educators; and cable television and/or fiber optics, including interactive television and satellite technology. A sidebar lists online and telecommunications providers. (LRW)

  8. A Bluffer's Guide to Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zemke, Ron; Armstrong, Judy

    1996-01-01

    Suggests that it is impossible to keep up with the explosion of information about multimedia training. Looks at the history of computers in education, offers a list of experts in the computer industry, and gives information that will increase trainers' familiarity with hardware and software terminology. (JOW)

  9. Trilogy; An Experiment in Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capote, Truman; And Others

    In a "multimedia experiment," director Frank Perry and author Eleanor Perry, adapted three of Truman Capote's short stories for television. The television plays, "A Christmas Memory,""Miriam," and "Among the Paths to Eden," were later reedited and presented in movie theaters under the title "Trilogy." This volume includes the short stories, the…

  10. Multimedia. TAM Topical Guide #1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boone, Randall, Ed.; Higgins, Kyle, Ed.

    Educational multimedia and hypermedia systems, which integrate computer-generated text and graphics with full-motion video and stereo sound, dominate much discussion about the future of computer use in education. This guide brings together the thoughts, ideas, and experience of elementary school students, classroom teachers, administrators,…

  11. Accessible Multimedia for the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaparyniuk, Nicholas; Code, Jillianne

    With the Internet taking a dominant role in corporate training, education, retail, and customer based product exploration, authors of Web-based information need to ensure that the media they deliver is accessible to the widest possible audience. Whether users have a visual, auditory, physical, or developmental disability, accessible multimedia can…

  12. Evaluating a Multimedia Authoring Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John, Bonnie E.; Mashyna, Matthew M.

    1997-01-01

    Presents a case study of a computer scientist learning and using the Cognitive Walkthrough (CW) technique to assess a multimedia authoring tool. Compares predictions by the analysis to the usability problems found in empirical usability tests. Presents several hypotheses about the cause of low effectiveness, which suggest that additional…

  13. Emotional Design in Multimedia Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Um, Eunjoon; Plass, Jan L.; Hayward, Elizabeth O.; Homer, Bruce D.

    2012-01-01

    Can multimedia learning environments be designed to foster positive emotions that will improve learning and related affective outcomes? College students (N = 118) were randomly assigned to 4 conditions created by 2 factors related to learners' emotion: "external mood induction" (positive vs. neutral emotions) and "emotional design induction"…

  14. Trilogy; An Experiment in Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capote, Truman; And Others

    In a "multimedia experiment," director Frank Perry and author Eleanor Perry, adapted three of Truman Capote's short stories for television. The television plays, "A Christmas Memory,""Miriam," and "Among the Paths to Eden," were later reedited and presented in movie theaters under the title "Trilogy." This volume includes the short stories, the…

  15. Multimedia, visual computing, and the information superhighway

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kitson, Frederick L.

    1996-04-01

    The data types of graphics, images, audio and video or collectively multimedia are becoming standard components of most computer interfaces and applications. Medical imaging in particular will be able to exploit these capabilities in concert with the database engines or 'information furnaces' that will exist as part of the information superhighway. The ability to connect experts with patients electronically enables care delivery from remote diagnostics to remote surgery. Traditional visual computing tasks such as MRI, volume rendering, computer vision or image processing may also be available to more clinics and researchers as they become 'electronically local.' Video is the component of multimedia that provides the greatest sense of presence or visual realism yet has been the most difficult to offer digitally due to its high transmission, storage and computation requirements. Advanced 3D graphics have also been a scarce or at least expensive resource. This paper addresses some of the recent innovations in media processing and client/server technology that will facilitate PCs, workstations or even set-top/TV boxes to process both video and graphics in real-time.

  16. Interactive multimedia service platform using the ATM transport engine for business and institutional communities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roh, Jangrai; Kim, Jongwon; Hong, Han K.; Kook, Kyoungmook

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes the architecture of an interactive multimedia service platform in addition to implementation techniques based on the ATM transport engine under consideration. To support the interactive multimedia service, office environments need to integrate retrieval, on- demand, communicative, messaging and transactional capabilities into multi-homed hosts and heterogeneous infrastructures. Especially the various over ATM' and service provisioning mechanisms have to be considered in an evolutionary view of the platform.

  17. The interactive use of networking multimedia--innovative education resource for professionals and patients.

    PubMed

    Matthies, H K; Walter, G F; Brandis, A; Stan, A C; Ammann, A; von Jan, U; Porth, A J

    1999-01-01

    The combination of new and rapidly developing interactive multimedia computers and applications with electronic networks will require a restructuring of our traditional approach to strategic planning and organizational structure. Worldwide telecommunication networks (using satellites, cable) are now facilitating the global pooling of healthcare information and medical knowledge independent of location. The development of multimedia information and communication systems demands cooperative working teams of authors, who are able to master several areas of medical knowledge as well as the presentation of these in different multimedia forms. The assemblage of telematics and services offers a base for multimedia applications, for example teleteaching, telelearning, telepublishing, teleconsulting, teleconferencing, telemedicine etc. The expansion of the internet will also lead to the formation of interdisciplinary "Global Education Networks". The theory and practice of education are undergoing dramatic changes. Lifelong learning and adaptation of medical practice to new knowledge and new techniques will be even more important in the future.

  18. Clinical Decision Support Systems for Comorbidity: Architecture, Algorithms, and Applications

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Aihua; Tang, Yu

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for monitoring comorbid conditions. Specifically, we address the architecture of a CDSS by characterizing it from three layers and discuss the algorithms in each layer. Also we address the applications of CDSSs in a few real scenarios and analyze the accuracy of a CDSS in consideration of the potential conflicts when using multiple clinical practice guidelines concurrently. Finally, we compare the system performance in our design with that in the other design schemes. Our study shows that our proposed design can achieve a clinical decision in a shorter time than the other designs, while ensuring a high level of system accuracy. PMID:28373881

  19. Application of monolithic chromatographic supports in virus research.

    PubMed

    Krajacic, Mladen; Ravnikar, Maja; Štrancar, Aleš; Gutiérrez-Aguirre, Ion

    2017-05-12

    Key properties of monolithic chromatographic supports, make them suitable for separation and/or concentration of large biomolecules, especially virus particles and viral genomes. One by one, the studies that have been completed so far, contributed to the knowledge that monolith chromatography has hardly any limitation to be applied in virus research. Viruses of different sizes, possessing icosahedral structure and symmetrical morphology, as well as rod-shaped or filamentous viruses with helical structure, even enveloped ones, all of them could be successfully managed by means of monolith chromatography. Same is true for viral genomes, primarily when being distinct from other nucleic acid forms present in a host cell. This review is exclusively focused on viruses. It describes the application of monolith chromatography to different problematics within the virus research field. The reviewed achievements offer new possibilities and trigger new aspects in virology. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Residual-energy-applications program: support and integration report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-11-01

    The proposed government-owned EAST Facility at the Savannah River Plant in Aiken, South Carolina, would provide capabilities for development and confidence testing of industrial heat pumps, high temperature bottoming cycles, low temperature Rankine cycle power generation systems, and absorption chillers. This work is one component of the Residual Energy Applications Program (REAP). Other documents provide initial considerations concerning the heat pump and power generation systems to be tested at EAST, policy, objectives and guidelines for operation of the facility, a preliminary conceptual design, and environmental data. This report describes support and integration activities that were performed during the contract year. The various elements that impact on the EAST Facility are discussed and an assessment of the EAST Facility mission is given. The report concludes with proposed milestones, schedules, and costs for design, construction, and operation of the facility.