Science.gov

Sample records for natural humate amendments

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESS CONTROL EQUATIONS TO SUPPORT DETOXIFICATION OF COPPER USING NATURAL HUMATE AMENDMENTS

    SciTech Connect

    Looney, B.; Millings, M.; Halverson, N.; Nichols, R.

    2009-08-21

    Recent scientific research and changes in regulatory policies have led to reductions in the allowable discharges of several contaminant metals, including copper, into surface water. Low target concentrations and variable outfall conditions challenge the efficacy of traditional treatment technologies such as ion exchange. In reviewing various treatment options, scientists and engineers at the Savannah River Site (SRS) developed a treatment strategy focusing on toxicity reduction (rather than the removal of the copper) and demonstrated that the method is viable and promising for mitigating copper toxicity. The resulting outfall chemistry protects the ecosystem in the receiving stream in a manner that is equal to, or better than, technologies that remove copper to the emerging regulatory levels. Further, the proposed toxicity reduction strategy results in collateral beneficial changes in outfall water chemistry such that the outfall more closely matches the chemistry of natural streams for key parameters such as the dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The detoxification process is based on the EPA BLM. Specifically, modeling indicates that copper toxicity can be mitigated by modest additions of natural organic carbon and that the amount of amendment needed can be determined based on pH and stream flow. The organic carbon amendments proposed for the treatment/detoxification process are extracts of natural materials that are produced for use in organic agriculture. These extracts are known by several common names such as potassium humate, soluble humic acid, and a variety of brand trademarks. When used to reduce ecosystem toxicity in surface water, these amendments bind copper and compete with the biological receptor sites, resulting in a reduction of impacts to key food chain organisms such as the Daphnia ('water flea'). Design and implementation of the process is straightforward. The core equipment consists of storage tank(s), pH sensor(s), outfall flow monitor

  2. Effectiveness of T. harzianum and Humate Amendment in Soil Salinity Restoration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Apostolakis, Antonios; Daliakopoulos, Ioannis; Tsanis, Ioannis

    2017-04-01

    Soil salinity is a major soil degradation threat, especially for the water stressed parts of the Mediterranean region, where it hinders soil fertility and thus agricultural productivity. Soil salinity management can be complex and expensive, often resorting to the use of chemical amendments thus risking soil and aquifer pollution. This study quantifies the beneficial effects of (a) a commercial strain of the beneficial fungus Trichoderma harzianum (TH), and (b) a commercial humate fertilizer enhancer (HFE) approved for organic farming, against soil salinization. The treatments are tested in the context of a Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) greenhouse simulation of the cultivation conditions typical for the semi-arid coastal Timpaki basin in south-central Crete. 20 vigorous 20-day-old Solanum lycopersicum L. cv Elpida seedlings are treated either with TH or HFE, using soil substrates and irrigation treatments of two degradation states. 20 additional plants serve either as controls or guard rows. All plants are transplanted into 35 L pots under greenhouse conditions. Preliminary analysis of soil salinity and crop yield indicators suggest that both treatments are beneficial for the soil-plant system, each to a different extent depending on initial soil conditions.

  3. Independent University Study to Assess the Performance of a Humate Amendment for Copper Detoxification at the H-12 Outfall at Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect

    Looney, B.; Harmon, S.; King, J.

    2016-09-06

    The overarching objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the copper detoxification process that is in place at the Savannah River Site H-12 Outfall. The testing was performed in two phases; Phase 1 assessed the safety and potential for intrinsic toxicity of the humate amendment being used at the H-12 Outfall, Borregro HA-1, as well as an alternative amendment sodium humic acid. The second phase assessed the effectiveness of Borregro HA-1 in mitigating and reducing toxic effects of copper.

  4. Enhancing nZVI mobility in porous media using humate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmid, Doris; Micic Batka, Vesna; Gondikas, Andreas; Velimirovic, Milica; von der Kammer, Frank; Hofmann, Thilo

    2016-04-01

    The limited transport of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) particles in porous media is a major drawback for its use in groundwater remediation. Among other factors, transport of nZVI particles might be negatively affected by mineralogical and physical heterogeneities of the aquifer matrix. Carbonate minerals and iron oxides, for instance, provide positively charged patches which would further increase particle attachment to the sand grains. This study does assess the potential of sodium humate, a salt of humic acids, to enhance the mobility of nZVI particles. Humate is a non-toxic, inexpensive material extracted from natural oxidized lignite and obtained in commercial grade, which makes it advantageous for field applications. Humate is expected to shield the positively charged patches of the sand grains and consequently enhance nZVI mobility in porous media. In this study the humate was injected into an aquifer prior to injection of the nZVI particles. The potential of humate for enhancing the mobility of nZVI particles was tested in an array of columns packed with heterogeneous natural porous media of different mineralogical composition and sediment texture. The results demonstrated that without pre-injection of humates only limited mobility of nZVI particles can be obtained in all tested porous media. After the pre-injection of low concentration of humate (10 mg/L) the mobility of nZVI particles (1 g/L) was enhanced in all tested porous media. The magnitude of this enhancement was depended on the properties of the porous media. The largest improvement of nZVI mobility was observed for homogeneous quartz. This material had also the highest porosity (~ 40%), good sorting, and therefore a higher permeability compared to the other porous media tested. It is assumed that the higher permeability of this porous medium allowed an optimal distribution of humate, resulting in an approximately 6-fold enhancement of nZVI mobility. In carbonate-rich porous medium with a

  5. Molecular size distribution of compost-derived humates as a function of concentration and different counterions.

    PubMed

    Maia, Claudia M B F; Piccolo, Alessandro; Mangrich, Antonio S

    2008-11-01

    Conformational changes in the structures of humic acids (HA) extracted from compost with varying degrees of maturity were monitored by high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). The molecular size distribution of HA was compared in solutions containing sodium or ammonium counterions at pH 7 and pH 4.5. These findings indicate that the humates' molecular size depended not only on the nature of the counterions but also on their concentration in the solution. The physicochemical nature of sodium counterions determined smaller molecular sizes than those of the more hydrated ammonium counterions, at low concentrations of humates. Conversely, at higher humate concentrations, the more compact conformation of sodium humates produced larger molecular sizes than those of ammonium humates due to the aggregation of more hydrophobic surfaces in the sodium humates. Composting led to the degradation of labile microbial components with accumulation of hydrophobic constituents. This caused self-association of hydrophobic compounds into humic superstructures of larger molecular size over composting time. At lower pH, changes in conformational stability by the addition of acetic acid to humate solutions were explained by the supramolecular model of humified organic matter.

  6. Impact of Sodium Humate Coating on Collector Surfaces on Deposition of Polymer-Coated Nanoiron Particles.

    PubMed

    Micić, Vesna; Schmid, Doris; Bossa, Nathan; Gondikas, Andreas; Velimirovic, Milica; von der Kammer, Frank; Wiesner, Mark R; Hofmann, Thilo

    2017-08-15

    The affinity between nanoscale zerovalent iron (nano-ZVI) and mineral surfaces hinders its mobility, and hence its delivery into contaminated aquifers. We have tested the hypothesis that the attachment of poly(acrylic acid)-coated nano-ZVI (PAA-nano-ZVI) to mineral surfaces could be limited by coating such surfaces with sodium (Na) humate prior to PAA-nano-ZVI injection. Na humate was expected to form a coating over favorable sites for PAA-nano-ZVI attachment and hence reduce the affinity of PAA-nano-ZVI for the collector surfaces through electrosteric repulsion between the two interpenetrating charged polymers. Column experiments demonstrated that a low concentration (10 mg/L) Na humate solution in synthetic water significantly improved the mobility of PAA-nano-ZVI within a standard sand medium. This effect was, however, reduced in more heterogeneous natural collector media from contaminated sites, as not an adequate amount of the collector sites favorable for PAA-nano-ZVI attachment within these media appear to have been screened by the Na humate. Na humate did not interact with the surfaces of acid-washed glass beads or standard Ottawa sand, which presented less surface heterogeneity. Important factors influencing the effectiveness of Na humate application in improving PAA-nano-ZVI mobility include the solution chemistry, the Na humate concentration, and the collector properties.

  7. Remediation using trace element humate surfactant

    DOEpatents

    Riddle, Catherine Lynn; Taylor, Steven Cheney; Bruhn, Debra Fox

    2016-08-30

    A method of remediation at a remediation site having one or more undesirable conditions in which one or more soil characteristics, preferably soil pH and/or elemental concentrations, are measured at a remediation site. A trace element humate surfactant composition is prepared comprising a humate solution, element solution and at least one surfactant. The prepared trace element humate surfactant composition is then dispensed onto the remediation site whereby the trace element humate surfactant composition will reduce the amount of undesirable compounds by promoting growth of native species activity. By promoting native species activity, remediation occurs quickly and environmental impact is minimal.

  8. 8 CFR 334.16 - Amendment of petition for naturalization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of petition for naturalization. 334.16 Section 334.16 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS APPLICATION FOR NATURALIZATION § 334.16 Amendment of petition for naturalization. (a) During pendency of...

  9. Brown coal derived humate inhibits contact hypersensitivity; An efficacy, toxicity and teratogenicity study in rats

    SciTech Connect

    Van Rensburg, C.E.J.; Snyman, J.R.; Mokoele, T.; Cromarty, A.D.

    2007-10-15

    The effects of two humate products were compared to that of prednisolone on a contact hypersensitivity rat model. Rats, sensitized with dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB), were placed on a daily oral treatment of 61 mg/kg BW of humate derived from either leonardite or bituminous coal or on prednisolone at one mg/kg BW and challenged 6 days later with a topical application of DNFB to the right ear. The inflamed ears were measured daily. In a toxicity study rats were exposed to daily oral treatment of leonardite humate at 1,000 mg/kg BW for 1 month. A teratogenicity study was done where pregnant rats were treated with 500 mg/kg BW on days 5 to 17 of pregnancy. Only the leonardite humate compared favourably with prednisolone in suppressing contact hypersensitivity. No signs of toxicity were observed and weight gain was normal during the 6-day and 1 month treatments and during the teratogenicity study with the leonardite humate. However, the rats on the other two products experienced slower weight gain. The identification of a naturally occurring nontoxic compound with anti-inflammatory activity is exciting and merits further evaluation in the treatment of patients suffering from inflammatory conditions.

  10. Impact of humate complexation on the adsorption of REE onto Fe oxyhydroxide.

    PubMed

    Davranche, Mélanie; Pourret, Olivier; Gruau, Gérard; Dia, Aline

    2004-09-15

    Adsorption experiments of rare-earth elements (REE) onto hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) were performed to evaluate the impact of organic complexation on both REE(III) adsorption and the Ce(III) oxidation rate. Scavenging experiments were performed at pH 5.2 with NaCl and NaNO3 solutions containing either free REE (III) or REE(III)-humate complexes. The log K(d)(REE) patterns obtained from HFO suspensions exhibit a slight positive Ce anomaly and an M-type lanthanide tetrad effect, in contrast with the partitioning between REE(III)-humate complexes and HFO, which yields completely flat distribution patterns. The "organic" partitioning runs yield log K(d)(REEorganic)/log K(d)(DOC) ratios (DOC = dissolved organic carbon) close to 1.0, implying that the REE(III) and humate remain bound to each other during the adsorption experiment. The lack of any positive Ce anomaly or M-type lanthanide tetrad effect in the organic experiments seems to reflect an anionic adsorption of the REE-humate complex. Adsorption onto HFO takes place via the humate side of the REE(III)-humate complexes. The oxidation of Ce(III) by Fe(III) and the proportion of surface hydroxyl groups coordinated to REE(III) at the HFO surface are the two most commonly invoked processes for explaining the development of positive Ce anomalies and the M-type tetrad lanthanide effect. However, such processes cannot proceed since the REE are not in direct contact with the HFO suspensions, the latter being shielded by PHA. The present results further complicate the use of Ce anomalies as reliable paleoredox proxies in natural precipitates. They are also further demonstration that organic matter may inhibit the lanthanide tetrad effect in geological samples.

  11. Nitrogen availability in composted poultry litter using natural amendments.

    PubMed

    Turan, N Gamze

    2009-02-01

    Poultry litter compost is used as fertilizer on agricultural land because of its high nutrient content. A major limitation of land application of poultry litter compost is the loss of nitrogen via NH3 volatilization. The present work was conducted to monitor nitrogen availability during composting of poultry litter with natural zeolite, expanded perlite, pumice and expanded vermiculite. Poultry litter was composted for 100 days using five in-vessel composting simulators with a volumetric ratio of natural materials:poultry litter of 1:10. It was found that natural materials significantly reduced NH3 volatilization. At the end of the process, the control treatment without any natural materials had the lowest rate of total N: 72% of the initial total N was lost from the compost made with no amendment, while 53, 42, 26 and 16% of initial total N was lost from compost containing expandable perlite, expandable vermiculite, pumice and natural zeolite, respectively.

  12. 8 CFR 334.5 - Amendment of application for naturalization; reopening proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of application for naturalization; reopening proceedings. 334.5 Section 334.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS APPLICATION FOR NATURALIZATION § 334.5 Amendment of application for naturalization...

  13. Effect of commercial lignosulfonate-humate on Zea mays L. metabolism.

    PubMed

    Ertani, Andrea; Francioso, Ornella; Tugnoli, Vitaliano; Righi, Valeria; Nardi, Serenella

    2011-11-23

    Lignosulfonate-humate a and lignosulfonate-humate b, derived by an industrial process from lignin, were studied chemically and biologically, and their effects on maize metabolism compared with the responses induced by humic substances obtained from leonardite. Lignosulfonate-humate a and lignosulfonate-humate b elicited hormonelike activity and leonardite displayed giberellin properties. To improve our understanding of their biological action, lignosulfonate-humate a, lignosulfonate-humate b and leonardite were supplied to maize plants and their effect was studied on growth, nitrogen metabolism and photosynthesis. All products increased root and leaf growth. Glutamine-synthetase, glutamate-synthase enzyme activities and protein content were all increased. The treatments also increased chlorophyll content, glucose, fructose and rubisco enzyme activity, suggesting a positive role of lignosulfonate-humate a, lignosulfonate-humate b and leonardite in the photosynthetic process. In addition, an increase in phenol content was observed. In light of these results, being environmentally friendly products, lignosulfonate-humate a and lignosulfonate-humate b could be used to increase crop yield.

  14. The stabilization of a clay suspension with sulfonated humates of earth and compact lignites

    SciTech Connect

    Girina, L.V.; Sharanova, I.E.

    1995-12-31

    Lignite humates are used as chemical reagents for regulating the properties of dispersed systems, in particular for stabilizing clay and coal-water suspensions. We have performed a comparative analysis of the cation stability of modified humates obtained from earth and compact lignite and of the efficiency of stabilization of highly mineralized clay suspensions. 18 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Removal of Hg(II) from aqueous solution using sodium humate as heavy metal capturing agent.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shixiang; Liu, Yong; Fan, Qin; Zhou, Anlan; Fan, Lu; Mu, Yulan

    2016-12-01

    An environmental friendly and economic natural biopolymer-sodium humate (HA-Na) was used to capture Hg(II) from aqueous solutions, and the trapped Hg(II) (HA-Na-Hg) was then removed by aluminium coagulation. The best Hg(II) capturing performance (90.60%) was observed under the following conditions: initial pH of 7.0, coagulation pH of 6.0, HA-Na dosage of 5.0 g L(-1), Al2(SO4)3.18H2O dosage of 4.0 g L(-1), initial Hg(II) concentration of 50 mg L(-1) and capturing time of 30 min. The HA-Na compositions with the molecular weight beyond 70 kDa showed the most intense affinity toward Hg(II). The results showed that the reaction equilibrium was achieved within 10 min (pH 7.0), and could be well fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The capturing process could be well described by the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum capturing capacity of Hg(II) was high up to 9.80 mg g(-1) at 298 K (pH 7.0). The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that the redox reaction between Hg(II) and HA-Na and the coordination reaction of carboxyl and hydroxy groups of HA-Na with Hg(II) were responsible for Hg(II) removal. The successive regeneration experiment showed that the capturing efficiency of humates for Hg(II) was maintained at about 51% after five capture-regeneration recycles.

  16. Varying Inundation Regimes Differentially Affect Natural and Sand-Amended Marsh Sediments

    PubMed Central

    Wigand, C.; Sundberg, K.; Hanson, A.; Davey, E.; Johnson, R.; Watson, E.; Morris, J.

    2016-01-01

    Climate change is altering sea level rise rates and precipitation patterns worldwide. Coastal wetlands are vulnerable to these changes. System responses to stressors are important for resource managers and environmental stewards to understand in order to best manage them. Thin layer sand or sediment application to drowning and eroding marshes is one approach to build elevation and resilience. The above- and below-ground structure, soil carbon dioxide emissions, and pore water constituents in vegetated natural marsh sediments and sand-amended sediments were examined at varying inundation regimes between mean sea level and mean high water (0.82 m NAVD88 to 1.49 m NAVD88) in a field experiment at Laws Point, part of the Plum Island Sound Estuary (MA). Significantly lower salinities, pH, sulfides, phosphates, and ammonium were measured in the sand-amended sediments than in the natural sediments. In natural sediments there was a pattern of increasing salinity with increasing elevation while in the sand-amended sediments the trend was reversed, showing decreasing salinity with increasing elevation. Sulfide concentrations generally increased from low to high inundation with highest concentrations at the highest inundation (i.e., at the lowest elevations). High pore water phosphate concentrations were measured at low elevations in the natural sediments, but the sand-amended treatments had mostly low concentrations of phosphate and no consistent pattern with elevation. At the end of the experiment the lowest elevations generally had the highest measures of pore water ammonium. Soil carbon dioxide emissions were greatest in the sand-amended mesocosms and at higher elevations. Differences in coarse root and rhizome abundances and volumes among the sediment treatments were detected with CT imaging, but by 20 weeks the natural and sand-amended treatments showed similar total belowground biomass at the intermediate and high elevations. Although differences in pore water nutrient

  17. Effects of a novel poly (AA-co-AAm)/AlZnFe₂O₄/potassium humate superabsorbent hydrogel nanocomposite on water retention of sandy loam soil and wheat seedling growth.

    PubMed

    Shahid, Shaukat Ali; Qidwai, Ansar Ahmad; Anwar, Farooq; Ullah, Inam; Rashid, Umer

    2012-10-25

    A novel poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide)AlZnFe₂O₄/potassium humate( )superabsorbent hydrogel nanocomposite (PHNC) was synthesized and its physical properties characterized using SEM, Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) and FTIR spectroscopic techniques. Air dried sandy loam soil was amended with 0.1 to 0.4 w/w% of PHNC to evaluate its soil moisture retention attributes. Effect of PHNC amendment on pH, electrical conductivity (EC), porosity, bulk density and hydraulic conductivity of sandy loam soil was also studied. The soil amendment with 0.1 to 0.4 w/w% of PHNC remarkably enhanced the moisture retention at field capacity as compared to the un-amended soils. Seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was considerably increased and a delay by 6-9 days in wilting of seedlings was observed in the soil amended with PHNC, resulting in improved wheat plant establishment and growth.

  18. Potassium humate inhibits complement activation and the production of inflammatory cytokines in vitro

    SciTech Connect

    van Rensburg, C.E.J.; Naude, P.J.

    2009-08-15

    The effects of brown coal derived potassium humate on lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine production and complement activation were investigated in vitro. Potassium humate increased lymphocyte proliferation of phytohaemaglutinin A (PHA) and pokeweed mitogen (PWM) stimulated mononuclear lymphocytes (MNL) in vitro from concentrations of 20 to 80 {mu} g/ml, in a dose dependant manner. On the other hand potassium humate, at 40 {mu} g/ml, significantly inhibited the release of TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-10 by PHA stimulated MNL. Regarding complement activation it was found that potassium humate inhibits the activation of both the alternative and classical pathways without affecting the stability of the red blood cell membranes. These results indicate that the anti-inflammatory potential of potassium humate could be partially due to the inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines responsible for the initiation of these reactions as well as inhibition of complement activation. The increased lymphocyte proliferation observed, might be due to increased IL-2 production as previously been documented.

  19. Effect of some detergents, humate, and composition of seedbed on crop of tomato plants in a hydroponic culture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Guminka, A. Z.; Gracz-Nalepka, M.; Lukasiewicz, B.; Sobolewicz, E.; Turkiewicz, I. T.

    1978-01-01

    It is established that single detergent doses distinctly stimulate vegetative development of plants in the initial stage when humates are available. When detergents are applied every four weeks in a hydroponic culture, in which the seedbed does not contain active humates, the crop is reduced by 50%. This adverse effect does not occur when the seedbed is a mixture of brown coal and peat.

  20. Contaminant immobilization and nutrient release by biochar soil amendment: roles of natural organic matter.

    PubMed

    Uchimiya, Minori; Lima, Isabel M; Klasson, K Thomas; Wartelle, Lynda H

    2010-08-01

    Contamination of soil interstitial waters by labile heavy metals such as Cu(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) is of worldwide concern. Carbonaceous materials such as char and activated carbon have received considerable attention in recent years as soil amendment for both sequestering heavy metal contaminants and releasing essential nutrients like sulfur. Information is currently lacking in how aging impacts the integrity of biochars as soil amendment for both agricultural and environmental remediation purposes. Major contributors to biochar aging in soils are: sorption of environmental constituents, especially natural organic matter (NOM), and oxidation. To investigate the impact of NOM and organic fractions of chars, we employed broiler litter-derived chars and steam-activated carbons that underwent varying degrees of carbonization, in the presence and absence of NOM having known carboxyl contents. For aging by oxidation, we employed phosphoric acid activated carbons that underwent varying degrees of oxidation during activation. The results suggest that the organic fractions of biochars, and NOM having high carboxyl contents can mobilize Cu(II) retained by alkaline soil. Base treatment of broiler litter-derived char formed at low pyrolysis temperature (350 degrees C) improved the immobilization of all heavy metals investigated, and the extent of immobilization was similar to, or slightly greater than pecan shell-derived phosphoric acid activated carbons. Portions of total sulfur were released in soluble form in soil amended with broiler litter-derived carbons, but not pecan shell-derived phosphoric acid activated carbons.

  1. Reduction and immobilization of hexavalent chromium with coal- and humate-based sorbents.

    PubMed

    Janos, Pavel; Hůla, Václav; Bradnová, Petra; Pilarová, Vera; Sedlbauer, Josef

    2009-05-01

    Two kinds of the commercially available sorbents containing humic acids as active constituents were used for Cr(VI) reduction and removal, namely oxihumolite (naturally occurring weathered young brown coal) and iron humate (IH) (waste material produced during industrial manufacturing of humic substances). The mechanisms of the chromium removal involve the reduction of Cr(VI) (by humic substances or by Fe(II) ions) and subsequent binding of Cr(III) to a humic acid matrix. Other metal-binding mechanisms possibly effective in the process of Cr(VI) removal, e.g., coprecipitation or surface precipitation of Fe(III)/Cr(III) hydroxides, are also discussed. Oxihumolite was able to remove Cr(VI) from strongly acidic solutions with pH below ca. 2. IH, on the other hand, exhibited a maximum sorption capability in slightly acidic solutions with pH above ca. 3. Over the whole examined range (pH 1-5), however, IH was able to reduce Cr(VI) almost completely to its less toxic trivalent state. A sufficiently high sorption capacity (20 mg g(-1)) was found for chromium removal with IH in an unbuffered system, where the "natural" pH values governed by the buffering capacity of the sorbent itself ranged from 3.9 to 4.6. It follows from extraction studies with the loaded (spent) sorbents that chromium is bound strongly to the sorbent, and thus risks of its subsequent liberation into the environment are minimized. Similarity in the extraction behavior of the Cr(III)-loaded and Cr(VI)-loaded sorbents supported the above-mentioned mechanisms of the Cr(VI) removal.

  2. Geology and recognition criteria for uraniferous humate deposits, Grants Uranium Region, New Mexico. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, S.S.; Saucier, A.E.

    1981-01-01

    The geology of the uraniferous humate uranium deposits of the Grants Uranium Region, northwestern New Mexico, is summarized. The most important conclusions of this study are enumerated. Although the geologic characteristics of the uraniferous humate deposits of the Grants Uranium Region are obviously not common in the world, neither are they bizarre or coincidental. The source of the uranium in the deposits of the Grants Uranium Region is not known with certainty. The depositional environment of the host sediments was apparently the mid and distal portions of a wet alluvial fan system. The influence of structural control on the location and accumulation of the host sediments is now supported by considerable data. The host sediments possess numerous important characteristics which influenced the formation of uraniferous humate deposits. Ilmenite-magnetite distribution within potential host sandstones is believed to be the simplest and most useful regional alteration pattern related to this type of uranium deposit. A method is presented for organizing geologic observations into what is referred to as recognition criteria. The potential of the United States for new districts similar to the Grants Uranium Region is judged to be low based upon presently available geologic information. Continuing studies on uraniferous humate deposits are desirable in three particular areas.

  3. Compost Amendment Enhances Natural Revegetation of a Mediterranean Degraded Agricultural Soil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baldantoni, Daniela; Bellino, Alessandro; Morra, Luigi; Alfani, Anna

    2015-10-01

    A vegetation analysis was carried out on a degraded agricultural soil of the Mediterranean area (Campania region, southern Italy) in order to study the effects of different fertilization practices (quality compost, mineral fertilizers, mixed fertilization, and no fertilization) on the whole spontaneous vegetation community. The study was performed for two consecutive years at three different scales (species level, community structure, and community properties), using three different units of abundance (number of individuals, biomass, and cover of each species). The observations were carried out in spring, after 5 and 6 years of soil treatments, on a total area of 4 m2 for each soil treatment and in each year. The different fertilization practices did not determine changes in species composition; however, the relative abundance of dominant species increased in compost and mixed fertilized soils, particularly in the second year of observation. Although the dominance and diversity were unaffected by the different fertilization practices, the total biomass and total number of individuals increased in compost-amended soils. These results indicate the effectiveness of soil quality compost amendments to enhance natural revegetation, a key step in the recovery of degraded areas.

  4. Compost Amendment Enhances Natural Revegetation of a Mediterranean Degraded Agricultural Soil.

    PubMed

    Baldantoni, Daniela; Bellino, Alessandro; Morra, Luigi; Alfani, Anna

    2015-10-01

    A vegetation analysis was carried out on a degraded agricultural soil of the Mediterranean area (Campania region, southern Italy) in order to study the effects of different fertilization practices (quality compost, mineral fertilizers, mixed fertilization, and no fertilization) on the whole spontaneous vegetation community. The study was performed for two consecutive years at three different scales (species level, community structure, and community properties), using three different units of abundance (number of individuals, biomass, and cover of each species). The observations were carried out in spring, after 5 and 6 years of soil treatments, on a total area of 4 m(2) for each soil treatment and in each year. The different fertilization practices did not determine changes in species composition; however, the relative abundance of dominant species increased in compost and mixed fertilized soils, particularly in the second year of observation. Although the dominance and diversity were unaffected by the different fertilization practices, the total biomass and total number of individuals increased in compost-amended soils. These results indicate the effectiveness of soil quality compost amendments to enhance natural revegetation, a key step in the recovery of degraded areas.

  5. 75 FR 57766 - Notice of Petition To Amend Authorizations Under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act; Cameron LNG, LLC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... Gas Act; Cameron LNG, LLC September 15, 2010. Take notice that on September 3, 2010, Cameron LNG, LLC (Cameron), 101 Ash Street, San Diego, California 92101, filed a petition to amend the authorizations issued... liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal facility located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, for the additional...

  6. Biodegradation of Spilled Diesel Fuel in Agricultural Soil: Effect of Humates, Zeolite, and Bioaugmentation

    PubMed Central

    Kuráň, Pavel; Nováková, Jana; Pilařová, Věra; Dáňová, Petra; Pavlorková, Jana; Kozler, Josef; Novák, František

    2014-01-01

    Possible enhancement of biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in agricultural soil after tank truck accident (~5000 mg/kg dry soil initial concentration) by bioaugmentation of diesel degrading Pseudomonas fluorescens strain and addition of abiotic additives (humates, zeolite) was studied in a 9-month pot experiment. The biodegradation process was followed by means of analytical parameters (hydrocarbon index expressed as content of C10–C40 aliphatic hydrocarbons, ratio pristane/C17, and total organic carbon content) and characterization of soil microbial community (content of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) as an indicator of living microbial biomass, respiration, and dehydrogenase activity). The concentration of petroleum hydrocarbons (C10–C40) was successfully reduced by ~60% in all 15 experiment variants. The bioaugmentation resulted in faster hydrocarbon elimination. On the contrary, the addition of humates and zeolite caused only a negligible increase in the degradation rate. These factors, however, affected significantly the amount of PLFA. The humates caused significantly faster increase of the total PLFA suggesting improvement of the soil microenvironment. Zeolite caused significantly slower increase of the total PLFA; nevertheless it aided in homogenization of the soil. Comparison of microbial activities and total PLFA revealed that only a small fraction of autochthonous microbes took part in the biodegradation which confirms that bioaugmentation was the most important treatment. PMID:24672346

  7. Structural characterization of anion-calcium-humate complexes in phosphate-based fertilizers.

    PubMed

    Baigorri, Roberto; Urrutia, Oscar; Erro, Javier; Mandado, Marcos; Pérez-Juste, Ignacio; Garcia-Mina, José María

    2013-07-01

    Fertilizers based on phosphate-metal-humate complexes are a new family of compounds that represents a more sustainable and bioavailable phosphorus source. The characterization of this type of complex by using solid (31)P NMR in several fertilizers, based on single superphosphate (SSP) and triple superphosphate (TSP) matrices, yielded surprising and unexpected trends in the intensity and fine structure of the (31)P NMR peaks. Computational chemistry methods allowed the characterization of phosphate-calcium-humate complexes in both SSP and TSP matrices, but also predicted the formation of a stable sulfate-calcium-humate complex in the SSP fertilizers, which has not been described previously. The stability of this complex has been confirmed by using ultrafiltration techniques. Preference towards the humic substance for the sulfate-metal phase in SSP allowed the explanation of the opposing trends that were observed in the experimental (31)P NMR spectra of SSP and TSP samples. Additionally, computational chemistry has provided an assignment of the (31)P NMR signals to different phosphate ligands as well as valuable information about the relative strength of the phosphate-calcium interactions within the crystals. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Short-term effects of natural and NH4+-enriched chabazite zeolitite amendments to soil microbial biomass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferretti, Giacomo; Keiblinger, Katharina Maria; Di Giuseppe, Dario; Faccini, Barbara; Colombani, Nicolò; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, Sophie; Coltorti, Massimo; Mastrocicco, Micòl

    2017-04-01

    Natural zeolite-bearing rocks (zeolitites) are known to be a suitable material for agricultural purposes by improving soil physicochemical properties and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). However, little is known about their effects on soil microbial biomass. Aim of this work is to evaluate short-term effects of different chabazite-zeolitite amendments on soil microbial biomass (and activity). To this purpose a silty-clay agricultural soil was amended in three different ways, by the addition of 5 and 15 wt% of natural chabazite zeolitites (NZ) and 10 wt% of NH4+-enriched chabazite zeolitites (CZ). Soil pH, water content, dissolved organic carbon (C), total dissolved N, NH4+, NO3-, NO2-, microbial biomass C and N and ergosterol were periodically measured over a time course of 16 days in a laboratory incubation experiment. In order to verify the immobilization of N derived from CZ into microbial biomass, the δ15N signature of microorganisms was evaluated by the Extraction-Fumigation-Extraction method followed by EA-IRMS analysis. This latter investigation was possible because zeolitites were enriched with NH4+ derived from pig-slurry, which have a very high 15N natural abundance that allow to trace microbial incorporation. Soil amended with 5 wt% of NZ showed increased ergosterol content as well as microbial C/N ratio starting from day 9 of incubation, suggesting that fungal biomass was probably favored, although the same behavior was not found in the soil amended with 15 wt% of the same material. On the other hand, the NH4+-enriched CZ showed strong interactions with soil microbial biomass N. Isotopic measurements supported microbial assimilation of the N introduced with CZ since the second day of incubation. The high dissolved organic C and microbial biomass N suggested an increase of mineralization and immobilization processes. In addition, in CZ amended soil, microbial biomass N was related to NO3- production over time and inversely related to NH4+, suggesting high

  9. Effect of synthetic and natural water-absorbing soil amendments on photosynthesis characteristics and tuber nutritional quality of potato in a semi-arid region.

    PubMed

    Xu, Shengtao; Zhang, Lei; McLaughlin, Neil B; Mi, Junzhen; Chen, Qin; Liu, Jinghui

    2016-02-01

    The effect of water-absorbing soil amendments on photosynthesis characteristics and tuber nutritional quality was investigated in a field experiment in a semi-arid region in northern China in 2010-2012. Treatments included two synthetic water-absorbing amendments, potassium polyacrylate (PAA) and polyacrylamide (PAM), and one natural amendment, humic acid (HA), both as single amendments and compound amendments (HA combined with PAA or PAM), and a no amendment control. Soil amendments had a highly significant effect (P ≤ 0.01) on photosynthesis characteristics, dry biomass, crop root/shoot (R/S) ratio and tuber nutritional quality. They improved both dry biomass above ground and dry biomass underground in the whole growing season by 4.6-31.2 and 1.1-83.1% respectively in all three years. Crop R/S ratio was reduced in the early growing season by 2.0-29.4% and increased in the later growing season by 2.3-32.6%. Soil amendments improved leaf soil plant analysis development value, net photosynthesis rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate by 1.4-17.0, 5.1-45.9, 2.4-90.6 and 2.0-22.6% respectively and reduced intercellular CO2 concentration by 2.1-19.5% in all three years. Amendment treatment with PAM + HA always had the greatest effect on photosynthesis characteristics and tuber nutritional quality among all amendment treatments and thus merits further research. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry.

  10. Removal of Chromium from Soils Cultivated with Maize (Zea Mays) After the Addition of Natural Minerals as Soil Amendments.

    PubMed

    Μolla, A; Ioannou, Z; Mollas, S; Skoufogianni, E; Dimirkou, A

    2017-02-23

    The efficiency of natural minerals, i.e. zeolite, bentonite and goethite, regarding the retention of chromium, from maize was examined. Specifically, 1.0 kg of soil, 1.0 g of soil amendment and either 50 mg L(-1) Cr(III) or 1 mg L(-1) Cr(VI) were added in plant pots. Then, seeds of maize were cultivated. Each treatment was repeated three times. The statistical results of the experiments were analyzed by LSD test. Cr(III) addition in soil has shown that zeolite was the only amendment that increased the dry weight. Zeolite and bentonite reduced significantly the total chromium in plants after the addition of 50 mg L(-1) Cr(III). The addition of Cr(VI) in soil has shown that bentonite was the only amendment that increased the dry weight of biomass and the plants' height. All soil amendments reduced to zero the total chromium concentration measured to plants after the addition of 1 mg L(-1) Cr(VI).

  11. Liquefaction process for solid carbonaceous materials containing alkaline earth metal humates

    DOEpatents

    Epperly, William R.; Deane, Barry C.; Brunson, Roy J.

    1982-01-01

    An improved liquefaction process wherein wall scale and particulate agglomeration during the liquefaction of solid carbonaceous materials containing alkaline earth metal humates is reduced and/or eliminated by subjecting the solid carbonaceous materials to controlled cyclic cavitation during liquefaction. It is important that the solid carbonaceous material be slurried in a suitable solvent or diluent during liquefaction. The cyclic cavitation may be imparted via pressure cycling, cyclic agitation and the like. When pressure cycling or the like is employed an amplitude equivalent to at least 25 psia is required to effectively remove scale from the liquefaction vessel walls.

  12. TSCA Section 21 Petition Requesting EPA to Establish a Process to Amend the List of Natural Sources of Oil and Fat

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This petition requests EPA to to initiate a rulemaking under TSCA Section 83 that would establish a process to amend the list of natural sources of oil and fat in the “Soap and Detergent Association” (SDA) nomenclature system.

  13. [Study the restoration technology of concentrated application-natural diffusion about amendments of acidified soil of hilly woodland].

    PubMed

    Fang, Xiong; Liu, Ju-Xiu; Yin, Guang-Cai; Zhao, Liang; Liu, Shi-Zhong; Chu, Guo-Wei; Li, Yi-Yong

    2013-01-01

    Through concentrated application of lime, sewage sludge and lime + sewage sludge on the sloping top of the hilly woodlands, the restoration effects of the three soil amendments on the acidified soil of hilly woodland were studied. The results showed that: (1) Joint application of sewage sludge + lime can significantly (P < 0.05) decrease soil acidity, promote the rapid increase in soil organic matter and nitrogen content, increase soil cation exchange capacity, and effectively improve acidified soil. (2) Through natural diffusion mechanisms of surface and subsurface runoff, a large area of acidified soil of hilly woodlands can be restored by concentrated application of soil amendments on the sloping top of the hilly woodlands. (3) It is conducive to solve the pollution problems of the urban sewage sludge by using municipal sewage sludge to restore acidified soil, but only for the restoration of acidified soil of timber forest.

  14. Removal of Sulfur Dioxide from Flue Gas Using the Sludge Sodium Humate

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Guoxin

    2013-01-01

    This study shows the ability of sodium humate from alkaline treatment sludge on removing sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the simulated flue gas. Experiments were conducted to examine the effect of various operating parameters, like the inlet SO2 concentration or temperature or O2, on the SO2 absorption efficiency and desulfurization time in a lab-scale bubbling reactor. The sludge sodium humate in the supernatant after alkaline sludge treatment shows great performance in SO2 absorption, and such efficiency can be maintained above 98% with 100 mL of this absorption solution at 298 K (flue gas rate of 0.12 m3/h). The highest SO2 absorption by 1.63 g SHA-Na is 0.946 mmol in the process, which is translated to 0.037 g SO2 g−1 SHA-Na. The experimental results indicate that the inlet SO2 concentration slightly influences the SO2 absorption efficiency and significantly influences the desulfurization time. The pH of the absorption solution should be above 3.5 in this process in order to make an effective desulfurization. The products of this process were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. It can be seen that the desulfurization products mainly contain sludge humic acid sediment, which can be used as fertilizer components. PMID:24453875

  15. Removal of sulfur dioxide from flue gas using the sludge sodium humate.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yu; Hu, Guoxin

    2013-01-01

    This study shows the ability of sodium humate from alkaline treatment sludge on removing sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the simulated flue gas. Experiments were conducted to examine the effect of various operating parameters, like the inlet SO2 concentration or temperature or O2, on the SO2 absorption efficiency and desulfurization time in a lab-scale bubbling reactor. The sludge sodium humate in the supernatant after alkaline sludge treatment shows great performance in SO2 absorption, and such efficiency can be maintained above 98% with 100 mL of this absorption solution at 298 K (flue gas rate of 0.12 m(3)/h). The highest SO2 absorption by 1.63 g SHA-Na is 0.946 mmol in the process, which is translated to 0.037 g SO2 g(-1) SHA-Na. The experimental results indicate that the inlet SO2 concentration slightly influences the SO2 absorption efficiency and significantly influences the desulfurization time. The pH of the absorption solution should be above 3.5 in this process in order to make an effective desulfurization. The products of this process were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. It can be seen that the desulfurization products mainly contain sludge humic acid sediment, which can be used as fertilizer components.

  16. Enhanced bioremediation of nutrient-amended, petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils over a cold-climate winter: The rate and extent of hydrocarbon biodegradation and microbial response in a pilot-scale biopile subjected to natural seasonal freeze-thaw temperatures.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jihun; Lee, Aslan Hwanhwi; Chang, Wonjae

    2017-09-05

    A pilot-scale biopile field experiment for nutrient-amended petroleum-contaminated fine-grained soils was performed over the winter at a cold-climate site. The rate and extent of hydrocarbon biodegradation and microbial responses were determined and corresponded to the on-site soil phase changes (from unfrozen to partially frozen, deeply frozen, and thawed) associated with natural seasonal freeze-thaw conditions. Treated and untreated biopiles were constructed (~3500kg each) on an open outdoor surface at a remediation facility in Saskatoon, Canada. The treated biopile received N-P-K-based nutrient and humate amendments before seasonal freezing. Real-time field monitoring indicated significant unfrozen water content in the treated and untreated biopiles throughout the freezing period, from the middle of November to early March. Unfrozen water was slightly more available in the treated biopile due to the aqueous nutrient supply. Soil CO2 production and O2 consumption in the treated biopile were generally greater than in the untreated biopile. Total removal percentages for F2 (>C10-C16), F3 (>C16-C34), and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the treated biopile were 57, 58, and 58%, respectively, of which 26, 39, and 33% were removed during seasonal freezing and early thawing between November to early March. F3 degradation largely occurred during freezing while F2 hydrocarbons were primarily removed during thawing. Biomarker-based hydrocarbon analyses confirmed enhanced biodegradation in the treated biopile during freezing. The soil treatment increased the first-order rate constants for F2, F3, and TPH degradation by a factor of 2 to 7 compared to the untreated biopile. Shifts in bacterial community appeared in both biopiles as the biopile soils seasonally froze and thawed. Increased alkB1 gene copy numbers in the treated biopile, especially in the partially thawed phase during early thawing, suggest extended hydrocarbon biodegradation to the seasonal freeze

  17. Contaminant Immobilization and Nutrient Release by Biochar Soil Amendment: Roles of Natural Organic Matter

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Contamination of soil interstitial waters by labile heavy metals such as CuII, CdII, and NiII is of worldwide concern. Carbonaceous materials such as char and activated carbon have received considerable attention in recent years as soil amendment for both sequestering heavy metal contaminants and r...

  18. Single well field injection test of humate to enhance attenuation of uranium and other radionuclides in an acidic plume

    SciTech Connect

    Denham, M.

    2014-09-30

    This report documents the impact of the injected humate on targeted contaminants over a period of 4 months and suggests it is a viable attenuation-based remedy for uranium, potentially for I-129, but not for Sr-90. Future activities will focus on issues pertinent to scaling the technology to full deployment.

  19. Analysis of carbon functional groups in mobile humic acid and recalcitrant calcium humate extracted from eight US soils

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a common tool to study the structure of soil humic fractions; however, knowledge regarding carbon structural relationships in humic fractions is limited. In this study, mobile humic acid (MHA) and recalcitrant calcium humate (CaHA) fr...

  20. The role of biochar, natural iron oxides, and nanomaterials as soil amendments for immobilizing metals in shooting range soil.

    PubMed

    Rajapaksha, Anushka Upamali; Ahmad, Mahtab; Vithanage, Meththika; Kim, Kwon-Rae; Chang, Jun Young; Lee, Sang Soo; Ok, Yong Sik

    2015-12-01

    High concentration of toxic metals in military shooting range soils poses a significant environmental concern due to the potential release of metals, such as Pb, Cu, and Sb, and hence requires remediation. The current study examined the effectiveness of buffalo weed (Ambrosia trifida L.) biomass and its derived biochars at pyrolytic temperatures of 300 and 700 °C, natural iron oxides (NRE), gibbsite, and silver nanoparticles on metal immobilization together with soil quality after 1-year soil incubation. Destructive (e.g., chemical extractions) and non-destructive (e.g., molecular spectroscopy) methods were used to investigate the immobilization efficacy of each amendment on Pb, Cu, and Sb, and to explore the possible immobilization mechanisms. The highest immobilization efficacy was observed with biochar produced at 300 °C, showing the maximum decreases of bioavailability by 94 and 70% for Pb and Cu, respectively, which were attributed to the abundance of functional groups in the biochar. Biochar significantly increased the soil pH, cation exchange capacity, and P contents. Indeed, the scanning electron microscopic elemental dot mapping and X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic (EXAFS) studies revealed associations of Pb with P (i.e., the formation of stable chloropyromorphite [Pb5(PO4)3Cl]) in the biomass- or biochar-amended soils. However, no amendment was effective on Sb immobilization.

  1. Determination of yield stability in advanced potato cultivars as affected by water deficit and potassium humate in Ardabil region, Iran.

    PubMed

    Hassanpanah, Davoud; Gurbanov, Elshad; Gadimov, Aladdin; Shahriari, Reza

    2008-05-15

    This experiment was done on the three potato cultivars [Agria (susceptible), Satina (semi-tolerant) and Ceaser (tolerant to water deficit)] and three irrigation treatments (after 30 mm evaporation from basin class A, after 60 mm evaporation + spraying by Potassium Humate, and after 60 mm evaporation from basin class A) for two locations in 2007. Experimental design was Split Plot with three replications. Potassium Humate spraying (250 mL ha(-1)) were done in three stages of emergence, before tuberization and during tuberization period. Combined analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences between locations, cultivars, irrigation treatments and location x cultivars interaction as effect on tuber yield. Comparison of means for irrigation treatments showed that spraying by Potassium Humate in stress condition induced increasing of tuber yield. Spraying by Potassium Humate in water deficit condition increased tuber yield up to 11.01 ton ha(-1). Ceaser had the highest tuber yield. It had higher tolerance to water deficit as well. Ceaser had a high potential in control and severe stress. Decrease in yield of Ceaser after 60 mm evaporation + spraying by Potassium Humate and after 60 mm evaporation from basin class A, relative to control (after 30 mm evaporation from basin class A) was 1.03 and 13.08 ton ha(-1) but for Satina was 7.83 and 16.61 ton ha(-1), respectively. Satina had the lowest Environmental Variance, Environmental Variance Coefficient, Finlay and Wilkinson's and Eberhart and Russell's model and was the most stable cultivar. Lin and Binns parameter showed that Ceaser and Satina were the most stable cultivars. Results of GMP, STI and MSTI were very considerable and Ceaser and Satina had a high yield in water stress and control conditions.

  2. Biofunctional Characteristics of Lignite Fly Ash Modified by Humates: A New Soil Conditioner

    PubMed Central

    Chassapis, Konstantinos; Roulia, Maria; Vrettou, Evangelia; Fili, Despina; Zervaki, Monica

    2010-01-01

    Fly ash superficially modified with humic substances from the Megalopolis lignitic power plant was prepared and evaluated for agricultural uses. UV-vis spectrophotometry and IR spectroscopy revealed that fly ash shows high sorption efficiency towards humic substances. Adsorption proceeds stepwise via strong Coulombic and hydrophophic forces of attraction between guest and host materials. Langmuir, Freundlich, BET, Harkins-Jura, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models were employed to evaluate the ongoing adsorption and shed light to the physicochemical properties of the sorbent-adsorbate system. Humic substances desorption and microbial cultivation experiments were also carried out to examine the regeneration of the humates under washing and explore the possibility of this material acclimatizing in real soil conditions, both useful for biofunctional agricultural applications. PMID:20592758

  3. Preparation of sodium humate/{alpha}-aluminum oxide adsorbents for flue gas desulfurization

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Z.G.; Gao, H.Y.; Hu, G.X.; Li, Y.H.

    2009-06-15

    A new composite adsorbent of sodium humate (HNa)=alpha-aluminium oxide ({alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) for flue gas desulfurization (FGD) was prepared using the impregnation method. Both the adsorbent of {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and HNa={alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Desulfurization activity of the adsorbent impregnated with ammonia (NH{sub 4}OH) was investigated in a fixed-bed quartz reactor. Experimental results indicate that HNa, which coats the {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} fibers impregnated with HNa solution, improved the property of {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} support for FGD. On the other hand, the HNa-coating on the adsorbent of HNa/{alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} impregnated with NH{sub 4}OH played an important role in enhancing the desulfurization property of the {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Due to the strong adsorption capability of HNa, more NH{sub 4}OH was adsorbed in the adsorbent of HNa/{alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} the longer a high sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) conversation rate was maintained. In addition, because the desulfurization product was a compound fertilizer consisting of ammonium sulfate ((NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}), ammonium humate (HNH{sub 4}), and HNa, the recycling use of {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was also easily achieved. Thus, this study can provide a new cost-effective way to remove SO{sub 2} from flue gas.

  4. Evaluation and selection of soil amendments for field testing to reduce P losses

    SciTech Connect

    O'Connor, G.A.; Brinton, S.; Silveira, M.L.

    2005-07-01

    The effectiveness of chemical amendments in reducing P losses from manure impacted Florida soil was evaluated using a variety of protocols, including total elemental analysis, short-term laboratory equilibrations, column leaching experiments, and simulated rainfall studies. Amendments used included: two Fe-humates (a Fe-water treatment residual (WTR) and a titanium-mine waste), two Al-WTRs, one Ca-WTR, a coal combustion slag, a Si-rich material (Pro-Sil), a Leonardite material (dinoSoil), and two agricultural materials (lime and gypsum). In equilibration studies, Al-WTRs were the most effective at sorbing P, while Fe-humate sorbed the least P of all treatments. Other amendments effectively reduced soluble P, but increased suspension pH and electrical conductivity (EC) to an extent expected to adversely affect plant growth. Gypsum was the most effective amendment in reducing P leaching in small column studies. DinoSoil treatment significantly altered the soil hydraulic properties, yielding the greatest runoff volumes in a simulated rainfall study. Total P loss (runoff + leachate) was largely determined by the leaching component, and was essentially all soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) for both bare and grassed soil surfaces. AD treatments reduced runoff SRP compared to the control. Amendment effects in the grassed rainfall study (dominated by leaching) were inconsistent with results from the small column leaching study, possibly due to the different hydraulic conditions and kinetic factors involved in the two studies. The Al-WTRs amendments were recommended for field evaluation.

  5. Overview of the effect of Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments on the natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect

    Child, C.J.

    1995-12-31

    The regulation of hazardous air pollutants by Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 has a potential wide-ranging impact for the natural gas industry. Title III includes a list of 189 hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) which are targeted for reduction. Under Title III, HAP emissions from major sources will be reduced by the implementation of maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards. If the source is defined as a major source, it must also comply with Title V (operating permit) and Title VII (enhanced monitoring) requirements. This presentation will review Title III`s effect on the natural gas industry by discussing the regulatory requirements and schedules associated with MACT as well as the control technology options available for affected sources.

  6. PRELIMINARY DATA REPORT: HUMATE INJECTION AS AN ENHANCED ATTENUATION METHOD AT THE F-AREA SEEPAGE BASINS, SAVANNAH RIVER SITE

    SciTech Connect

    Millings, M.

    2013-09-16

    A field test of a humate technology for uranium and I-129 remediation was conducted at the F-Area Field Research Site as part of the Attenuation-Based Remedies for the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative (ABRS AFRI) funded by the DOE Office of Soil and Groundwater Remediation. Previous studies have shown that humic acid sorbed to sediments strongly binds uranium at mildly acidic pH and potentially binds iodine-129 (I-129). Use of humate could be applicable for contaminant stabilization at a wide variety of DOE sites however pilot field-scale tests and optimization of this technology are required to move this technical approach from basic science to actual field deployment and regulatory acceptance. The groundwater plume at the F-Area Field Research Site contains a large number of contaminants, the most important from a risk perspective being strontium-90 (Sr-90), uranium isotopes, I-129, tritium, and nitrate. Groundwater remains acidic, with pH as low as 3.2 near the basins and increasing to the background pH of approximately 5at the plume fringes. The field test was conducted in monitoring well FOB 16D, which historically has shown low pH and elevated concentrations of Sr-90, uranium, I-129 and tritium. The field test included three months of baseline monitoring followed by injection of a potassium humate solution and approximately four and half months of post monitoring. Samples were collected and analyzed for numerous constituents but the focus was on attenuation of uranium, Sr-90, and I-129. This report provides background information, methodology, and preliminary field results for a humate field test. Results from the field monitoring show that most of the excess humate (i.e., humate that did not sorb to the sediments) has flushed through the surrounding formation. Furthermore, the data indicate that the test was successful in loading a band of sediment surrounding the injection point to a point where pH could return to near normal during the study

  7. Natural attenuation of toxic metal phytoavailability in 35-year-old sewage sludge-amended soil.

    PubMed

    Tai, Yiping; Li, Zhian; Mcbride, Murray B

    2016-04-01

    Toxic heavy metals persist in agricultural soils and ecosystem for many decades after their application as contaminants in sewage sludge and fertilizer products This study assessed the potential long-term risk of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) in land-applied sewage sludge to food crop contamination. A sewage sludge-amended soil (SAS) aged in the field more than 35 years was used in a greenhouse pot experiment with leafy vegetables (lettuce and amaranth) having strong Cd and Zn accumulation tendencies. Soil media with variable levels of available Cd, Zn, and Cu (measured using 0.01 M CaCl2 extraction) were prepared by diluting SAS with several levels of uncontaminated control soil. Despite long-term aging in the field, the sludge site soil still retains large reserves of heavy metals, residual organic matter, phosphorus, and other nutrients, but its characteristics appear to have stabilized over time. Nevertheless, lettuce and amaranth harvested from the sludge-treated soil had undesirable contents of Cd and Zn. The high plant uptake efficiency for Cd and Zn raises a concern regarding the quality and safety of leafy vegetables in particular, when these crops are grown on soils that have been amended heavily with sewage sludge products at any time in their past.

  8. Runoff water quality from broiler litter-amended tall fescue in response to natural precipitation in the Ozark Highlands.

    PubMed

    Menjoulet, B C; Brye, K R; Pirani, A L; Haggard, B E; Gbur, E E

    2009-01-01

    The Arkansas poultry industry produced more than 1.2 billion broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and generated approximately 1.3 million Mg of broiler litter in 2002. High transportation costs of relocating broiler litter have led to annual land applications near poultry houses, increasing concern for potential surface water contamination from runoff. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of broiler litter application rate on runoff water quality in response to natural precipitation. Six plots (1.5 by 6.0 m), located on a Captina silt loam (finesilty, siliceous, active, mesic Typic Fragiudult), were amended with fresh broiler litter at 0, 5.6, and 11.2 Mg ha(-1) (control, low, and high litter treatments, respectively) once annually for 4 yr (May 2003 through April 2007). Runoff collected after each runoff-producing event was analyzed for soluble nutrients and metals. Cumulative runoff did not differ among litter treatments over the 4-yr study. At times, flow-weighted mean (FWM) concentrations of As from all litter treatments exceeded the maximum contaminant level for drinking water (0.01 mg As L(-1)). Four-year FWM Fe concentrations and runoff losses were greater (P < 0.05) from the high than from the low litter treatment and unamended control, and the 4-yr FWM P concentration from the low litter treatment (3.0 mg L(-1)) was greater than that from the unamended control (1.8 mg L(-1)). Since precipitation is temporally variable, evaluating runoff water quality in response to natural precipitation over several years is key to ascertaining the long-term impacts of surface-applied soil amendments like broiler litter.

  9. 77 FR 14776 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Amendment to Presidential Permit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-13

    ... notice that on February 20, 2012, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs... Nevada Avenue, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, or call at 719-667-7514, or email...

  10. Sodium humate accelerates cutaneous wound healing by activating TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway in rats

    PubMed Central

    Ji, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Aijun; Chen, Xiaobin; Che, Xiaoxia; Zhou, Kai; Wang, Zhidong

    2016-01-01

    Sodium humate (HA-Na) has been topically used as a wound healing and anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine. In the present study, HA-Na was investigated for cutaneous wound healing in Sprague–Dawley rats. HA-Na solution (1.0%, w/v) was topically administered to rats undergoing excision wound models. Healing was assessed with a recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor for external use as positive control. Wound healing rates were calculated on Day 3, 6, 9, 14 and 21 after injury, and tissues were also harvested after the same intervals for histological analysis. In addition, tissue hydroxyproline levels were measured. Furthermore, mRNA levels and protein expressions of transforming growth factor-β1, 2, 3 (TGF-β1, 2, 3) were determined by RT-PCR and western blot. Protein expression levels of Smad-2, -3, -4 and -7 were also detected by western blot. Our study demonstrates that HA-Na has the capacity to promote wound healing in rats via accelerated wound contraction and increased hydroxyproline content. More importantly, these wound healing effects of HA-Na might be mediated through the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway. HA-Na may be an effective agent for enhanced wound healing. PMID:27006897

  11. Effect of application rate of commercial lignite-derived amendments on early-stage growth of Medicago sativa and soil health, in acidic soil conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patti, Antonio; Little, Karen; Rose, Michael; Jackson, Roy; Cavagnaro, Tim

    2013-04-01

    Commercially available lignite-derived amendments, sold mainly as humate preparations, have been promoted as plant growth stimulants leading to higher crop yields. These products are also claimed to improve soil properties such as pH. This study investigated the effect of application rate of three lignite-derived amendments on the early-stage growth of a pasture legume, lucerne (Medicago sativa), and soil health in a soil type common to south eastern Australia, in a glasshouse setting. An organic-mineral humate product and 'run of mine' lignite coal did not improve shoot or root growth despite application at a range of rates at, and in excess of, the manufacturers recommendation. Application of soluble K-humate product at 20 kg/ha (9.5 kg/ha C equivalent) produced an observable positive effect in shoot growth. At this application rate, a significant delay in the appearance of chlorotic symptoms was observed along with an increase in soil pH concurrent with decreased availability of soil Mn and Al. Higher root dry weight was associated with lower microbial biomass carbon which may indicate an effect on allocation of resources between the microbial community and the plant. An assessment of the effectiveness of lignite-derived amendments on plant growth, as well as their potential to improve the health of an acidic soil will assist farmers in making decisions regarding the use of these products.

  12. Natural Genetic Variation of Seed Micronutrients of Arabidopsis thaliana Grown in Zinc-Deficient and Zinc-Amended Soil

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Xiaochao; Yuan, Lixing; Ludewig, Uwe

    2016-01-01

    The quality of edible seeds for human and animal nutrition is crucially dependent on high zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) seed concentrations. The micronutrient bioavailability is strongly reduced by seed phytate that forms complexes with seed cations. Superior genotypes with increased seed Zn concentrations had been identified, but low micronutrient seed levels often prevail when the plants are grown in Zn-deficient soils, which are globally widespread and correlate with human Zn-deficiency. Here, seed Zn concentrations of Arabidopsis accessions grown in Zn-deficient and Zn-amended conditions were measured together with seed Fe and manganese (Mn), in a panel of 108 accessions. By applying genome-wide association, de novo candidate genes potentially involved in the seed micronutrient accumulation were identified. However, a candidate inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate 5/6-kinase 3 gene (ITPK3), located close to a significant nucleotide polymorphism associated with relative Zn seed concentrations, was dispensable for seed micronutrients accumulation in Col-0. Loss of this gene in itpk3-1 did neither affect phytate seed levels, nor seed Zn, Fe, and Mn. It is concluded that large natural variance of micronutrient seed levels is identified in the population and several accessions maintain high seed Zn despite growth in Zn-deficient conditions. PMID:27507976

  13. Degradation of alachlor in natural and sludge-amended soils, studied by gas and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS and HPLC-MS).

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Cruz, Sonia; Lacorte, Silvia

    2005-11-30

    Alachlor [2-chloro-N-(2,6-diethylphenyl)-N-(methoxymethyl)acetamide] is an herbicide used worldwide. The relative rates of disappearance of alachlor, the formation kinetics of alachlor ethane sulfonic acid (ESA), and the formation of other degradation products in two different soils (a soil with natural organic matter and a sludge-amended soil) has been studied. For such a purpose, soil samples were spiked with alachlor at 2.5 mg kg(-1), concentration generally applied in agricultural soils, and were submitted to sunlight, simulating natural field conditions. Extracts were analyzed by GC-MS and HPLC-MS in scan mode. A good correlation was observed between both techniques, and HPLC-MS allowed the determination of two eluting peaks corresponding to the two stereoisomeric forms of alachlor ESA. Degradation of alachlor in the two soils followed first-order kinetics. Half-life in the natural soil was 4.2 +/- 0.1 days, and half-life in the sludge-amended soil was 5.8 +/- 0.8 days. The higher half-life observed in the sludge-amended soil was attributed to the higher sorption of alachlor to this soil compared to the natural soil. The degradation of alachlor in both soils gave rise to the production of alachlor ESA. Its concentration increased during the incubation period, and after 27 days, its concentration was about 0.59 mg kg(-1) in the natural soil and 0.37 mg kg(-1) in the sludge-amended soil. The other two alachlor transformation products were identified using GC-MS, and the abundance of these degradation products increased while alachlor was degraded.

  14. Evolution of temperature and chemical parameters during composting of the pig slurry solid fraction amended with natural zeolite.

    PubMed

    Venglovsky, J; Sasakova, N; Vargova, M; Pacajova, Z; Placha, I; Petrovsky, M; Harichova, D

    2005-01-01

    A 3-month experiment was conducted at a 300 kg scale to observe decomposition processes in pig slurry solids amended with two different doses of natural Slovak zeolite-clinoptilolite (substrates S1 and S2, 1% and 2% of zeolite by weight, respectively) in comparison with the control (unamended solids). The experimental and control substrates were stored outdoors in sheltered static piles at ambient temperatures ranging from 8.0 to 34.7 degrees C. The solid fraction (SF) of pig slurry was obtained by separation on vibration sieves prior to slurry treatment with activated sludge. The initial water content of the SF was 77.1% and no water was added to the piles during the storage. The temperature in the core of the piles was recorded throughout the experiment. By day 3 and 5 of storage (1% and 2% zeolite, resp.), the temperature in the substrates S1 and S2 exceeded 55 degrees C and remained above this level for 15 days while the highest temperature recorded in the control during the experiment was 29.8 degrees C. Samples from the core of the piles were taken periodically to determine pH, dry matter at 105 degrees C (DM), ash (550 degrees C/4 h), ammonia nitrogen (N-NH(4)(+)), nitrate nitrogen (N-NO(3)(-)), total nitrogen (N(t)), total phosphorus (P(t)); total organic carbon (TOC) was computed. The results showed that pH levels in S1 and S2 remained below that in the control for most of the thermophilic stage. This may be related to water-soluble ammonia and the affinity of zeolites to ammonium ions. A significant decrease in the level of ammonia nitrogen in water extracts from S1 and S2 was observed between days 5 and 35 in comparison with the control. The values of ash also differed and corresponded to the intensity of the decomposition processes in the respective substrates.

  15. Quantifying nitrogen process rates in a constructed wetland using natural abundance stable isotope signatures and stable isotope amendment experiments.

    PubMed

    Erler, Dirk V; Eyre, Bradley D

    2010-01-01

    This study describes the spatial variability in nitrogen (N) transformation within a constructed wetland (CW) treating domestic effluent. Nitrogen cycling within the CW was driven by settlement and mineralization of particulate organic nitrogen and uptake of NO3-. The concentration of NO3- was found to decrease, as the delta15N-NO3- signature increased, as water flowed through the CW, allowing denitrification rates to be estimated on the basis of the degree of fractionation of delta15N-NO3-. Estimates of denitrification hinged on the determination of a net isotope effect (eta), which was influenced byprocesses that enrich or deplete 15NO3- (e.g., nitrification), as well as the rate constants associated with the different processes involved in denitrification (i.e., diffusion and enzyme activity). The influence of nitrification on eta was quantified; however, it remained unclear how eta varied due to variability in denitrification rate constants. A series of stable isotope amendment experiments was used to further constrain the value of eta and calculate rates of denitrification, and nitrification, within the wetland. The maximum calculated rate of denitrification was 956 +/- 187 micromol N m(-2) h(-1), and the maximum rate of nitrification was 182 +/- 28.9 micromol N m(-2) h(-1). Uptake of NO3- was quantitatively more important than denitrification throughoutthe wetland. Rates of N cycling varied spatially within thewetland, with denitrification dominating in the downstream deoxygenated region of the wetland. Studies that use fractionation of N to derive rate estimates must exercise caution when interpreting the net isotope effect. We suggest a sampling procedure for future natural abundance studies that may help improve the accuracy of N cycling rate estimates.

  16. Amending the Amendments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, William

    1976-01-01

    Reviews activity in Congress, federal agencies, and higher education associations as legislation to extend and improve the 1972 Higher Education Amendments is being fashioned. Issues include a public vs. private debate regarding use of the Basic Opportunity Grant program (BOG) to foster access as opposed to choice among institutions. (JT)

  17. Amending the Amendments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, William

    1976-01-01

    Reviews activity in Congress, federal agencies, and higher education associations as legislation to extend and improve the 1972 Higher Education Amendments is being fashioned. Issues include a public vs. private debate regarding use of the Basic Opportunity Grant program (BOG) to foster access as opposed to choice among institutions. (JT)

  18. Potential of capillary zone electrophoresis for estimation of humate acid-base properties.

    PubMed

    Vanifatova, Natalia G; Zavarzina, Anna G; Spivakov, Boris Ya

    2008-03-07

    Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) has been applied for fractionation and characterization of soil-derived humic acids (HAs). Humic acids from soddy-podzolic (HA(s)) and chernozem (HA(ch)) soils were studied as well as hydrophobic high-molecular-weight (HMW) and hydrophilic low-molecular-weight (LMW) HA(s) fractions obtained by salting-out with ammonium sulfate at a saturation of 0-40% and >70%, respectively. The possibility of CZE partial fractionation of HAs has been demonstrated. The shape of "humic hump" was shown to depend on the pH of running electrolyte. Almost the whole peak overlapping occurred if alkaline solutions were used for fractionation, but the peak resolution was improved at pH 5-7. Under appropriate fractionation conditions (pH 7), at least three humic acid subfractions with different electrophoretic mobilities were distinguished in the electropherograms of initial HA and HA(s) fractions. Such a high peak resolution has never been achieved for humic acids before. The presence of three subfractions in the HA is in agreement with gel-filtration analysis and was confirmed by comparison of the electrophoretic behavior of HA(s) with those of its HMW (hydrophobic) and the LMW (hydrophilic) fractions. The potentiometric titration of HA and its fractions was performed and the pK(a) of the functional groups were calculated. An attempt was made for the first time to relate the variation of electrophoretic mobility values with acid-base properties of humic acids. It was shown that changes in the humate charge resulting from the variation of the ionization degree of its functional groups as a function of pH can be estimated on the basis of electrophoretic mobility values. Potential of CZE in estimation of HA isoelectric point was demonstrated. The pH value corresponding to the lowest absolute electrophoretic mobility value of about 20 x 10(-5) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) can be used for approximate estimation of HA isoelectric point. The data were discussed and

  19. Nitrogen and carbon pools in an agricultural soil amended with natural and NH4-enriched K-Chabazite zeolitite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferretti, Giacomo; Faccini, Barbara; Vittori Antisari, Livia; Di Giuseppe, Dario; Massimo, Coltorti

    2015-04-01

    Nitrogen and Carbon pools in a reclaimed agricultural soil amended with 5 to 15 Kg m-2 of natural and NH4-enriched (K-Chabazite) zeolitites have been investigated. Zeolitites were enriched by means of static exchange with a swine slurry in a prototype (ZeoLIFE Project, www.zeolife.it). The experimental field is located in the Po Delta plain near Codigoro (Ferrara, Italy), it extends over an area of about 6 ha and it was divided in six parcels. The field has been heavily fertilized with chemical fertilizers and livestock sewage since 1960. Nowadays the area is part of the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (Nitrate Directive 91/676/CEE) and a maximum annual input of 170 Kg-N ha-1 must be respected. With respect to the control parcels, at the end of the agronomic year, sorghum yield was 4% and 14% higher in the parcels treated with natural zeolitite and in that treated with NH4-enriched zeolitite, respectively. This notwithstanding the N fertilizers reduction from 30% in the former to 50% in the latter. Beside the yield improvement, N and C pools are affected by the use of zeolitite and relevant changes have been noticed. i) δ15N ratios in both soil (total and fixed N-NH4 inside the clay interlayer and zeolite exchange sites) and different organs of the sorghum crops show that the N-NH4 stocked in the enriched zeolitite has been transferred to the crops and preferentially stocked in the leaves with respect to the N-NH4 provided by chemical fertilizer. ii) The active role of fixed N-NH4 pool in mineral nutrition of the crops and its replacement can be due to inorganic N fertilizers (Urea and Diammonium Phosphate). This pool in fact decreased during the crops growth, suggesting that it represented an important contribution to the active N pool in the soil. iii) Due to the high N content in this agricultural field, no significant total N decrease was observed during the growing season, which is also responsible for the low C/N ratio in the soil. After the N input from NH4

  20. Effects of potassium humate solution and soaking periods on germination characteristics of undelinted cotton seeds (Gossypium hirsutum L.).

    PubMed

    Killi, Fatih

    2004-10-01

    The present study was conducted to determine the effects of soaking in potassium humate (PH) solution (55% humic acid, 30% fulvic acid and 8% potassium hydroxide) and distilled water (DW) for different periods (0, 4, 8 and 16 hours) on germination characteristics of undelinted seeds of cotton cv Ersan-92. Radicle, hypocotyl and seedling length, radicle and hypocotyl elongation rate and vigor index increased by PH solution treatment and increasing soaking periods. The medium x soaking period interactions were significant except for germination percentage. Sixteen hour soaking period gave the highest values of investigated characteristics. It is suggested that pre-sowing PH solution treatment may be useful to provide a good stand establishment.

  1. Effects of organic amendments on natural organic matter in bulk soils from an italian agricultural area as assessed by Fast Field Cycling NMR relaxometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scotti, Riccardo; Conte, Pellegrino; Alonzo, Giuseppe; Rao, Maria A.

    2010-05-01

    Losses of soil organic carbon often occur in soil because of intensive agricultural practices. This is due both to removal of organic carbon following harvest production and to insufficient inputs of organic amendments. Natural organic matter (NOM) can be a very appropriate material for enhancing organic carbon content in very stressed agricultural soils. In general, NOM plays an important role in environmental matrices due, for example, to its capacity in retaining water, in interacting with organic and inorganic pollutants, and in enhancing nutrient availability to plants. For this reason, the understanding of the mechanisms with which NOM interacts with other chemicals in the environment is of paramount importance. Structural and conformational NOM characteristics can be analysed by high field (HF) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy either in the solid or in the liquid state. In both cases, information on the chemical nature of NOM can be achieved. Moreover, relaxometry studies can be also conducted to provide information on the molecular dynamics of natural organic matter. However, HF-NMR relaxometry limitations are related to the strength of the magnetic fields which limits the range of relaxation rates that can be investigated. In fact, high magnetic fields (e.g. ≥108 Hz) reduce the possibilities to observe molecular dynamics at very low frequencies such as those between 106 and 103 Hz. To this aim, nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry at low fields and in the fast field cycling (FFC) setup is the most powerful way to retrieve information on the dynamics at low frequencies. Here, FFC-NMR relaxometry studies on soils subjected to different organic amendements are presented. Two farms, in an important agricultural area of Campania Region, Italy, were selected in order to study the effect of different organic amendments on bulk soils. Namely, a compost from municipal solid wastes and wood-wastes (scraps of poplars pruning) were applied in

  2. 77 FR 4028 - Orders Granting, Amending and Vacating Authority To Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... Fossil Energy, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice of orders. SUMMARY: The Office of Fossil Energy... are summarized in the attached appendix and may be found on the FE Web site at http://www.fossil... inspection and copying in the Office of Fossil Energy, Office of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities, Docket...

  3. H.R. 432: A Bill to amend chapter 601 of title 49, United States Code, to improve natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline safety, in response to the natural gas pipeline accident in Edison, New Jersey, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-31

    This document contains H.R. 432, A Bill to amend chapter 601 of title 49, United States Code, to improve natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline safety, in response to the natural gas pipeline accident in Edison, New Jersey, and for other purposes. This Bill was introduced in the House of Representatives, 104th Congress, First Session, January 5, 1995.

  4. Capillary Electrophoresis and Fluorescence Excitation-Emission Matrix Characterization of Soil Mobile and Calcium Humates

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Capillary electrophoresis (CE) and Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy have been used in natural organic matter (NOM) studies. The mutual relevance of data collected from each of the two methods provides novel insight into the correlation of complex NOM fluorescence spectra to...

  5. Mineral-Based Amendments for Remediation

    PubMed Central

    O’Day, Peggy A.; Vlassopoulos, Dimitri

    2011-01-01

    Amending soils with mineral-based materials to immobilize contaminants is both old and new. Although mineral amendments have been used for decades in agriculture, new applications with a variety of natural and reprocessed materials are emerging. By sequestering contaminants in or on solid phases and reducing their ability to partition into water or air, amendments can reduce the risk of exposure to humans or biota. A variety of mineral types are commonly used to amend contaminated soils, with different modes of molecular-scale sequestration. Regulatory, social, and economic factors also influence decisions to employ mineral amendments as a treatment technology. PMID:22203887

  6. Acute and chronic toxicity of the new explosive CL-20 to the earthworm (Eisenia andrei) exposed to amended natural soils.

    PubMed

    Robidoux, Pierre Yves; Sunahara, Geoffrey I; Savard, Kathleen; Berthelot, Yann; Dodard, Sabine; Martel, Majorie; Gong, Ping; Hawari, Jalal

    2004-04-01

    Monocyclic nitramine explosives such as 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane (RDX) and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) are toxic to a number of ecological receptors, including earthworms. The polycyclic nitramine CL-20 (2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane) is a powerful explosive that may replace RDX and HMX, but its toxicity is not known. In the present study, the lethal and sublethal toxicities of CL-20 to the earthworm (Eisenia andrei) are evaluated. Two natural soils, a natural sandy forest soil (designated RacFor2002) taken in the Montreal area (QC, Canada; 20% organic carbon, pH 7.2) and a Sassafras sandy loam soil (SSL) taken on the property of U.S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground (Edgewood, MD, USA; 0.33% organic carbon, pH 5.1), were used. Results showed that CL-20 was not lethal at concentrations of 125 mg/kg or less in the RacFor2002 soil but was lethal at concentrations of 90.7 mg/kg or greater in the SSL soil. Effects on the reproduction parameters such as a decrease in the number of juveniles after 56 d of exposure were observed at the initial CL-20 concentration of 1.6 mg/kg or greater in the RacFor2002 soil, compared to 0.2 mg/kg or greater in the SSL soil. Moreover, low concentrations of CL-20 in SSL soil (approximately 0.1 mg/kg; nominal concentration) were found to reduce the fertility of earthworms. Taken together, the present results show that CL-20 is a reproductive toxicant to the earthworm, with lethal effects at higher concentrations. Its toxicity can be decreased in soils favoring CL-20 adsorption (high organic carbon content).

  7. Case Comment: Harvard Law School Forum v. Schultz: When Exclusion of Aliens Under the Immigration and Naturalization Act Conflicts with First Amendment Rights of United States Citizens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonini, Thomas J.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Court litigation and decisions concerning the conflict between first amendment rights of free speech for United States citizens and the rights of controversial international figures, invited by college faculty to speak on campus, are discussed and compared. (MSE)

  8. Case Comment: Harvard Law School Forum v. Schultz: When Exclusion of Aliens Under the Immigration and Naturalization Act Conflicts with First Amendment Rights of United States Citizens.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonini, Thomas J.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Court litigation and decisions concerning the conflict between first amendment rights of free speech for United States citizens and the rights of controversial international figures, invited by college faculty to speak on campus, are discussed and compared. (MSE)

  9. Analysis of natural-occurring and synthetic sexual hormones in sludge-amended soils by matrix solid-phase dispersion and isotope dilution gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Albero, Beatriz; Sánchez-Brunete, Consuelo; Miguel, Esther; Pérez, Rosa A; Tadeo, José L

    2013-03-29

    A sensitive analytical method is presented for the simultaneous determination of four synthetic estrogens and six steroid hormones in sludge-amended soil. The method employs matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) followed by isotope dilution gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry injecting a large volume sample (10μL) after trimethylsilyl derivatization, using the solvent vent mode. It affords good resolution, high sensitivity and reproducibility and freedom from interferences even from complex matrices as soil amended with sewage sludge. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 10 to 300pgg(-1) with testosterone and progesterone having the highest limits. Soil amended with sewage sludge was spiked at 2, 10, 25 and 50ngg(-1) and the recoveries after MSPD with acetonitrile:methanol (90:10, v/v), ranged from 80 to 110% with relative standard deviations ≤9%. The method was applied to the analysis of six soil samples collected from agricultural plots and forested fields that had been amended with sewage sludge using isotopically labeled surrogates. Three of the synthetic estrogens studied were found at least in one of the six samples analyzed and trans-androsterone and estrone were the only natural hormones detected, although at very low levels (≤0.4ngg(-1)).

  10. Assessing the influence of compost and biochar amendments on the mobility and toxicity of metals and arsenic in a naturally contaminated mine soil.

    PubMed

    Beesley, Luke; Inneh, Onyeka S; Norton, Gareth J; Moreno-Jimenez, Eduardo; Pardo, Tania; Clemente, Rafael; Dawson, Julian J C

    2014-03-01

    Amending contaminated soils with organic wastes can influence trace element mobility and toxicity. Soluble concentrations of metals and arsenic were measured in pore water and aqueous soil extracts following the amendment of a heavily contaminated mine soil with compost and biochar (10% v:v) in a pot experiment. Speciation modelling and toxicity assays (Vibrio fischeri luminescence inhibition and Lolium perenne germination) were performed to discriminate mechanisms controlling metal mobility and assess toxicity risk thereafter. Biochar reduced free metal concentrations furthest but dissolved organic carbon primarily controlled metal mobility after compost amendment. Individually, both amendments induced considerable solubilisation of arsenic to pore water (>2500 μg l(-1)) related to pH and soluble phosphate but combining amendments most effectively reduced toxicity due to simultaneous reductions in extractable metals and increases in soluble nutrients (P). Thus the measure-monitor-model approach taken determined that combining the amendments was most effective at mitigating attendant toxicity risk. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Long-Term Effect of a Leonardite Iron Humate Improving Fe Nutrition As Revealed in Silico, in Vivo, and in Field Experiments.

    PubMed

    Cieschi, María T; Caballero-Molada, Marcos; Menéndez, Nieves; Naranjo, Miguel A; Lucena, Juan J

    2017-08-09

    Novel, cheap and ecofriendly fertilizers that solve the usual iron deficiency problem in calcareous soil are needed. The aim of this work is to study the long-term effect of an iron leonardite fertilizer on citrus nutrition taking into account a properly characterization, kinetic response with a ligand competition experiment, efficiency assessment using Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain and finally, in field conditions with citrus as test plants. Its efficiency was compared with the synthetic iron chelate FeEDDHA. Leonardite iron humate (LIH) is mainly humic acid with a high-condensed structure where iron is present as ferrihydrite and Fe(3+) polynuclear compounds stabilized by organic matter. Iron and humic acids form aggregates that decrease the iron release from these kinds of fertilizers. Furthermore, LIH repressed almost 50% of the expression of FET3, FTR1, SIT1, and TIS11 genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, indicating increasing iron provided in cells and improved iron nutrition in citrus.

  12. Nature of fly ash amendments differently influences oxidative stress alleviation in four forest tree species and metal trace element phytostabilization in aged contaminated soil: A long-term field experiment.

    PubMed

    Labidi, Sonia; Firmin, Stéphane; Verdin, Anthony; Bidar, Géraldine; Laruelle, Frédéric; Douay, Francis; Shirali, Pirouz; Fontaine, Joël; Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui, Anissa

    2017-04-01

    Aided phytostabilization using coal fly ashes (CFAs) is an interesting technique to clean-up polluted soils and valorizing industrial wastes. In this context, our work aims to study the effect of two CFAs: silico-aluminous (CFA1) and sulfo-calcic (CFA2) ones, 10 years after their addition, on the phytostabilization of a highly Cd (cadmium), Pb (lead) and Zn (zinc) contaminated agricultural soil, with four forest tree species: Robinia pseudoacacia, Alnus glutinosa, Acer pseudoplatanus and Salix alba. To assess the effect of CFAs on trees, leaf fatty acid composition, malondialdehyde (MDA), oxidized and reduced glutathione contents ratio (GSSG: GSH), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), Peroxidase (PO) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were examined. Our results showed that CFA amendments decreased the CaCl2-extractable fraction of Cd and Zn from the soil. However, no significant effect was observed on metal trace element (MTE) concentrations in leaves. Fatty acid percentages were only affected by the addition of sulfo-calcic CFA. The most affected species were A. glutinosa and R. pseudoacacia in which C16:0, C18:0 and C18:2 percentages increased significantly whereas the C18:3 decreased. The addition of sulfo-calcic CFA induced the antioxidant systems response in tree leaves. An increase of SOD and POD activities in leaves of trees planted on the CFA2-amended plot was recorded. Conversely, silico-aluminous CFA generated a reduction of lipid and DNA oxidation associated with the absence or low induction of anti-oxidative processes. Our study evidenced oxidative stress alleviation in tree leaves due to CFA amendments. MTE mobility in contaminated soil and their accumulation in leaves differed with the nature of CFA amendments and the selected tree species.

  13. Humic colloid-borne natural polyvalent metal ions: dissociation experiment.

    PubMed

    Geckeis, H; Rabung, Th; Ngo Manh, T; Kim, J I; Beck, H P

    2002-07-01

    The natural association nature of the humic colloid-borne trace elements is investigated. Rare earth elements (REE) Th and U are chosen as naturally occurring representatives and chemical homologues for actinides of different oxidation states present in nuclear waste. Tri- and tetravalent elements in two investigated Gorleben groundwaters (Gohy-532 and -2227) almost exclusively occur as humic or fulvic colloid-borne species. Their desorption behavior from colloids is examined in the unperturbed groundwater (pH approximately 8) under anaerobic conditions (Ar/1% CO2) by addition of a chelating cation exchanger resin. Particularly, the dissociation process of naturally occurring Eu(III) in the groundwater is compared with the Eu(III) desorption from its humate complex prepared with purified Aldrich humic acid in a buffered aqueous solution at pH approximately 8. The Eu(III) dissociation from the groundwater colloids is found to be considerably slower than found for the humate complex synthesized in the laboratory. This suggests that under natural aquatic conditions the Eu(III) binding in colloids is chemically different from the simple humate complexation as observed in the laboratory experiment. The colloid characterization bythe size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and the flow field-flow fractionation (FFFF) indicates that natural colloid-borne trace elements are found predominantly in colloids of larger size (>15 nm in size), while Eu(III) in its humate complex is found mainly in colloids of hydrodynamic diameters <5 nm. The slower desorption kinetics and the larger colloid size suggest that the polyvalent metal ion binding in natural humic colloids is associated to polynucleation with other co-present trace metal ions. Radiotracer experiments reveal that isotopic equilibria with the naturally colloid-borne trace elements are not attained within a period of more than 100 days, indicating irreversible binding of at least a part of colloid-borne polyvalent trace

  14. Studying the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Pat

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of censorship against books in public and school libraries focuses on intellectual freedom; First Amendment rights; and curriculum development to include lessons on the First Amendment. Offers suggestions for activities focusing on censorship and banned books. (LRW)

  15. Rapid removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid)/attapulgite/ sodium humate composite hydrogels.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Junping; Jin, Yeling; Wang, Aiqin

    2011-04-01

    A series of novel granular chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid)/attapulgite/sodium humate (CTS-g-PAA/APT/SH) composite hydrogels were successfully prepared by one-step free radical graft polymerization and applied as adsorbents for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution. The effects of adsorbent composition (including the contents of APT, SH and CTS) on adsorption capacity and adsorption rate were investigated in detail. Results from kinetic experiments showed that the rate of Pb(II) adsorption on the composite hydrogels was quite fast, that more than 90% of the equilibrium adsorption capacity occurs within two minutes and that the adsorption equilibrium could be achieved within 10 minutes. The adsorption kinetics fit well with the pseudo-second order equation. The introduced SH is helpful for both adsorption capacity and adsorption rate. The -COOH and -COO of PAA, -NH2 of CTS, Ph-O and -COO- of SH, as well as cation exchange and Si-OH of APT, participate in adsorption of Pb(II). The synergistic effect of these groups is responsible for the high adsorption capacity and rate.

  16. The Constitutional Amendment Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chism, Kahlil

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the constitutional amendment process. Although the process is not described in great detail, Article V of the United States Constitution allows for and provides instruction on amending the Constitution. While the amendment process currently consists of six steps, the Constitution is nevertheless quite difficult to change.…

  17. The Constitutional Amendment Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chism, Kahlil

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the constitutional amendment process. Although the process is not described in great detail, Article V of the United States Constitution allows for and provides instruction on amending the Constitution. While the amendment process currently consists of six steps, the Constitution is nevertheless quite difficult to change.…

  18. Introduction of mercury resistant bacterial strains to Hg(II) amended soil microcosms increases the resilience of the natural microbial community to mercury stress

    SciTech Connect

    de Lipthay, Julia R.; Rasmussen, Lasse D.; Serensen, Soren J.

    2004-03-17

    Heavy metals are among the most important groups of pollutant compounds, and they are highly persistent in the soil environment. Techniques that can be used for the remediation of heavy metal contaminated environments thus need to be evolved. In the present study we evaluated the effect of introducing a Hg resistance plasmid in subsurface soil communities. This was done in microcosms with DOE subsurface soils amended with 5-10 ppm of HgCl2. Two microcosms were set up. In microcosm A we studied the effect of adding strain S03539 containing either the Hg resistance conjugative plasmid, pJORD 70, or the Hg resistance mobilizable plasmid, pPB117. In microcosm B we studied the effect of adding strain KT2442 with and without pJORD70. For both microcosms, the effect on the resilience of the indigenous bacterial community as well as the effect on the soil concentration of Hg was evaluated.

  19. Interactions of triclosan, gemfibrozil and galaxolide with biosolid-amended soils: Effects of the level and nature of soil organic matter.

    PubMed

    Usyskin, Alla; Bukhanovsky, Nadezhda; Borisover, Mikhail

    2015-11-01

    Triclosan, gemfibrozil and galaxolide, representing acidic and non-ionized hydrophobic organic compounds, are biologically active and can be accumulated during wastewater treatment in sewage sludge. The interactions of these substances with the soils amended by sewage sludge-originating biosolids may control their environmental fate. Therefore, the sorption of three organic compounds was studied in dune sand, loess soil, clay soil and mixtures of these media with three different sewage sludge-originating biosolids that were incubated under aerobic conditions for 6 months. For each compound, 15 sorption isotherms were produced at pH 7.8-8.0. The sorption of triclosan and gemfibrozil on sand-containing sorbents was examined also under acidic conditions. In some soil series, the compound's Freundlich constants (KF) are linearly related to the soil organic carbon (OC) content. Notably, for a given OC content, the sand-containing sorbents tend to demonstrate enhanced interactions with triclosan and galaxolide. This may be related with more hydrophobic and/or less rigid soil organic matter (SOM) as compared with the clay-containing soils, implying indirect effects of minerals. Generally the OC-normalized KF vary among different soil-biosolid combinations which is explained by the differences in the composition and properties of SOM, and is also contributed by the non-zero intercepts of the linear KF upon soil OC dependencies. The negative intercepts suggest that below a certain OC level no considerable organic compound-soil interactions would occur. Interactions of molecular and anionic forms of triclosan with a sand-containing sorbent may be comparable, but interactions involving gemfibrozil molecules could be stronger than interactions involving its anion.

  20. A bill to amend the Energy Policy Act of 2005 to repeal a section of that Act relating to exportation and importation of natural gas.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Wyden, Ron [D-OR

    2010-03-02

    03/02/2010 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. (text of measure as introduced: CR S946) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. The First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Shea, Kevin F.

    2002-01-01

    Surveys the most significant court cases in 2000 involving First Amendment rights in higher education, especially those that may have received scant attention when decided but which promise to affect campus life for years to come. Provides insight into legal trends and shifting thinking as it applies to the First Amendment in the college and…

  2. Food Safety Issues: Mineral fertilizers and soil amendments

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Fertilizers and other soil amendments are required to maintain soil fertility, but some may be naturally rich in trace elements, or contaminated. Thus, as part of the overall consideration of using fertilizers and soil amendments, one should consider the levels of trace elements present in relation...

  3. A Case Against First Amendment Protections for Commercial Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Kent R.

    Although extending constitutional protection to commercial expression might benefit the consumer, the First Amendment is the wrong instrument for carrying out what are basically economic policies. While in most First Amendment cases the nature of the content determines whether it is constitutionally protected, advertising is distinct in that it…

  4. 75 FR 45610 - Liberty Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-03

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Liberty Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on July 26, Liberty Gas Storage LLC (``Liberty''), 101 Ash Street, San Diego, CA 92101, filed in the above referenced docket, an application pursuant to section 7 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), to amend its Application...

  5. A Case Against First Amendment Protections for Commercial Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Kent R.

    Although extending constitutional protection to commercial expression might benefit the consumer, the First Amendment is the wrong instrument for carrying out what are basically economic policies. While in most First Amendment cases the nature of the content determines whether it is constitutionally protected, advertising is distinct in that it…

  6. Toxicities of RDX or TNT Freshly Amended or Weathered-and-Aged in Five Natural Soils to the Collembolan Folsomia candida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-01

    SOILS TO THE COLLEMBOLAN FOLSOMIA CANDIDA ECBC-TR-1046 Carlton T. Phillips Ronald T. Checkai Roman G. Kuperman Michael Simini Jan E...Natural Soils to the Collembolan Folsomia candida 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Phillips, Carlton...ABSTRACT The toxicities of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) to Folsomia candida (Collembola) were

  7. Frameworks for amending reservoir water management

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mower, Ethan; Miranda, Leandro E.

    2013-01-01

    Managing water storage and withdrawals in many reservoirs requires establishing seasonal targets for water levels (i.e., rule curves) that are influenced by regional precipitation and diverse water demands. Rule curves are established as an attempt to balance various water needs such as flood control, irrigation, and environmental benefits such as fish and wildlife management. The processes and challenges associated with amending rule curves to balance multiuse needs are complicated and mostly unfamiliar to non-US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) natural resource managers and to the public. To inform natural resource managers and the public we describe the policies and process involved in amending rule curves in USACE reservoirs, including 3 frameworks: a general investigation, a continuing authority program, and the water control plan. Our review suggests that water management in reservoirs can be amended, but generally a multitude of constraints and competing demands must be addressed before such a change can be realized.

  8. Recovery and characterization of the humate-like salified polymeric organic fraction (lignimerin) from Kraft cellulose mill wastewater.

    PubMed

    Diez, M C; Rubilar, O; Cea, M; Navia, R; De Martino, A; Capasso, R

    2007-08-01

    A dark and complex salified organic polymeric mixture, named lignimerin, was for the first time recovered from Kraft cellulose mill wastewater (KCMW) and characterized by chemical, spectroscopic and relative molecular weight (RMW) analysis. Lignimerin proved to be composed of polyphenols (57.00%), carbohydrates (22.26%) and proteins (7.42%). It also contained metals (6.93%), mainly Ca and, to much lower extent, Mg, Na, Al, Fe, K, Mn, Zn and Cu, bound to the carboxylate and phenate groups. The distribution of lignimerin RMW was assessed to be approximately between 1000 and 8600Da, as well as to consist of lignin and tannin, protein and polysaccharide moieties, strongly aggregated each other. H-lignimerin, its acid derivative, revealed a chemical composition and a RMW distribution very close to that of lignimerin, but a marked metal cations decreasing (1.60%) with respect to lignimerin (6.93%). The humic acid-like nature of both the polymers was assessed. Their potential use as bio-adsorbents of heavy metals is briefly discussed.

  9. Up Close: Three Recent Amendments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vile, John R.

    2000-01-01

    Explores the content and history of the last three constitutional amendments: (1) presidential succession and disability (the Twenty-fifth amendment); (2) voting rights for young people (the Twenty-sixth amendment); and (3) congressional pay raises (the Twenty-seventh amendment). Includes questions for discussion. (CMK)

  10. Composition and pools of humus in natural and agrogenic soils of the Kamchatka Peninsula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiseleva, I. V.; Purtova, L. N.; Kostenkov, N. M.

    2016-06-01

    Differentiation of Kamchatka soils with respect to the composition and pools of humus is discussed. Very low and low pools of humus of the fulvate type are typical of the ocherous and stratified ocherous volcanic soils of the eastern coastal zone and the Central Kamchatka Depression. Ocherous volcanic soils of the Western Kamchatka Lowland are characterized by the low and moderate pools of the humate-fulvate humus. Agrogenic soils are characterized by the higher pools of humus in the upper 20 cm in comparison with their natural analogues, which is largely related to changes in the physical properties of the soils under the impact of tillage.

  11. Petroleum Marketing Practices Act amendments of 1993. Hearing before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session on S. 338, February 25, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This hearing is concerned with the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act Amendments of 1993. This document contains statements of witnesses and additional material submitted for the record for the first session regarding S. 338, held February 25, 1993. The purpose of S. 338 is to amend the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act to clarify the federal standards governing the termination and nonrenewal of franchises and franchise relationships for the sale of motor fuel, and for other purposes.

  12. Nature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heinhorst, Sabine; Cannon, Gordon

    1997-01-01

    The fact that two of the original articles by this year's Nobel laureates were published in Nature bears witness to the pivotal role of this journal in documenting pioneering discoveries in all areas of science. The prize for Physiology or Medicine was awarded to immunologists Peter C. Doherty (University of Tennessee) and Rolf M. Zinkernagel (University of Zurich, Switzerland), honoring work that, in the 1970s, laid the foundation for our current understanding of the way in which our immune system differentiates between healthy cells and virus-infected ones that are targeted for destruction (p 465 in the October 10 issue of vol. 383). Three researchers share the Chemistry award for their discovery of C60 buckminsterfullerenes. The work by Robert Curl, Richard Smalley (both at Rice University), and Harry Kroto (University of Sussex, UK) has led to a burst of new approaches to materials development and in carbon chemistry (p 561 of the October 17 issue of vol. 383). This year's Nobel prize in physics went to three U.S. researchers, Douglas Osheroff (Stanford University) and David M. Lee and Robert C. Richardson (Cornell University), who were honored for their work on superfluidity, a frictionless liquid state, of supercooled 3He (p 562 of the October 17 issue of vol. 383).

  13. 10 CFR 590.204 - Amendment or withdrawal of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 590.204 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Applications for Authorization To Import or Export Natural Gas § 590.204 Amendment or withdrawal of applications. (a) The applicant may...

  14. 10 CFR 590.204 - Amendment or withdrawal of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 590.204 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Applications for Authorization To Import or Export Natural Gas § 590.204 Amendment or withdrawal of applications. (a) The applicant may...

  15. 10 CFR 590.204 - Amendment or withdrawal of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 590.204 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Applications for Authorization To Import or Export Natural Gas § 590.204 Amendment or withdrawal of applications. (a) The applicant may...

  16. 10 CFR 590.204 - Amendment or withdrawal of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 590.204 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Applications for Authorization To Import or Export Natural Gas § 590.204 Amendment or withdrawal of applications. (a) The applicant may...

  17. 10 CFR 590.204 - Amendment or withdrawal of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 590.204 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Applications for Authorization To Import or Export Natural Gas § 590.204 Amendment or withdrawal of applications. (a) The applicant may...

  18. The Equal Rights Amendment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Eileen

    1978-01-01

    A brief discussion of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) including questions often asked of social studies teachers in the classroom. A map of the United States shows which states have passed the ERA to date. Also includes a bibliography of 43 resources about ERA. (BC)

  19. Amending the Mineral Leasing Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Mineral Resources Development and Production of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session on S. 1170, October 14, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    1994-12-31

    The hearing addresses S. 1170 a bill to amend the Mineral Leasing Act to provide for leasing of certain lands for oil and gas purposes. Leasing would be authorized for the Naval Oil Shale Reserves in Colorado and Utah. Statements of government and industry officials are included.

  20. Influence of natural humic acids and synthetic phenolic polymers on fibrinolysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klöcking, Hans-Peter

    The influence of synthetic and natural phenolic polymers on the release of plasminogen activator was studied in an isolated, perfused, vascular preparation (pig ear). Of the tested synthetic phenolic polymers, the oxidation products of caffeic acid (KOP) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (3,4-DHPOP), at a concentration of 50 µg/ml perfusate, were able to increase the plasminogen activator activity by 70%. The oxidation products of chlorogenic acid (CHOP), hydrocaffeic acid (HYKOP), pyrogallol (PYROP) and gallic acid (GALOP), at the same concentration, exerted no influence on the release of plasminogen activator. Of the naturally occurring humic acids, the influence of sodium humate was within the same order of magnitude as KOP and 3,4-DHPOP. Ammonium humate was able to increase the plasminogen activator release only at a concentration of 100 µg/ml perfusate. In rats, the t-PA activity increased after i.v. application of 10 mg/kg of KOP, Na-HS or NH4-HS.

  1. 77 FR 37284 - Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ... of Workers' Compensation Programs is making ] technical amendments to reflect the dissolution of the... substantive rule governing administration of these statutes. ESA's dissolution has also necessitated revising...

  2. 7 CFR 1230.89 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Amendments. The Secretary may from time to time amend provisions of this part. Any interested person or organization affected by the provisions of the Act may propose amendments to the Secretary. ...

  3. 14 CFR 1310.20 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF GUARANTEED LOAN § 1310.20 Amendments. The procedures in this part may be adopted or amended, or new procedures may be adopted, only by majority vote of the Board. Authority to adopt or amend these...

  4. Child Abuse Amendments of 1983.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    The booklet presents the report of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor regarding the 1983 Child Abuse Amendments to the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978. The Amendment expands the definition of child abuse to include abuse by…

  5. Implementing the Amended FOI Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClain, Wallis

    The Freedom of Information Act amendments, which became effective in February 1975, have so far yielded mixed results. This report provides an account of how different federal agencies are implementing this amended statute. Among the topics discussed are modifications of the original 1966 Freedom of Information Act, which were made in the attempt…

  6. Draft Mission Plan Amendment

    SciTech Connect

    1991-09-01

    The Department of Energy`s Office Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has prepared this document to report plans for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program, whose mission is to manage and dispose of the nation`s spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste in a manner that protects the health and safety of the public and of workers and the quality of the environment. The Congress established this program through the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. Specifically, the Congress directed us to isolate these wastes in geologic repositories constructed in suitable rock formations deep beneath the surface of the earth. In the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the Congress mandated that only one repository was to be developed at present and that only the Yucca Mountain candidate site in Nevada was to be characterized at this time. The Amendments Act also authorized the construction of a facility for monitored retrievable storage (MRS) and established the Office of the Nuclear Waste Negotiator and the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board. After a reassessment in 1989, the Secretary of Energy restructured the program, focusing the repository effort scientific evaluations of the Yucca Mountain candidate site, deciding to proceed with the development of an MRS facility, and strengthening the management of the program. 48 refs., 32 figs.

  7. 75 FR 76970 - East Cheyenne Gas Storage, LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission East Cheyenne Gas Storage, LLC; Notice of Amendment December 3, 2010. Take notice that on November 19, 2010, East Cheyenne Gas Storage, LLC (East Cheyenne), 10901 W. Toller Drive... the Natural Gas Act (NGA), as amended, and part 157 of the Commission's ] regulations for an...

  8. Effects of sewage sludge amendment on the properties of two Brazilian oxisols and their humic acids.

    PubMed

    Bertoncini, E I; D'Orazio, V; Senesi, N; Mattiazzo, M E

    2008-07-01

    The effect of sewage sludge (SS) amendment on the general properties of the top layers of a sandy and a clayey oxisols and on the nature of their humic acid (HA) fractions was evaluated by chemical and physico-chemical techniques. The amended soils, especially the sandy soil, benefited of SS amendment by increasing their pH to above neutrality and enhancing the contents of C, N, P, and Ca and cation exchange capacity. The SS-HA-like sample showed larger H and N contents and a greater aliphatic character and humification degree than the HAs isolated from non-amended soils. The composition and structure of amended soil HAs were affected by SS application as a function of soil type and layer. In particular, N-containing groups and aliphatic structures of SS-HA-like sample appears to be partially incorporated in the amended soil HAs, and these effects were more evident in the HAs from the sandy oxisol.

  9. Various soil amendments and environmental wastes affect the (im)mobilization and phytoavailability of potentially toxic elements in a sewage effluent irrigated sandy soil.

    PubMed

    Shaheen, Sabry M; Shams, Mohamed S; Khalifa, Mohamed R; El-Dali, Mohamed A; Rinklebe, Jörg

    2017-08-01

    Contamination of long-term sewage effluent irrigated soils by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) is a serious concern due to its high environmental and health risk. Our scientific hypothesis is that soil amendments can cause contradictory effects on the element mobilization and phytoavailability depending on the type of element and amendment. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of the application (1%) of several low cost amendments and environmental wastes on the (im)mobilization, availability, and uptake of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn by sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in a long term sewage effluent irrigated sandy soils collected from Egypt. The used materials include activated charcoal (AC), potassium humate (KH), phosphate rock (PR), phosphogypsum (PG), triple superphosphate (TSP), phosphoric acid (PA), sulfur (S), sugar beet factory lime (SBFL), cement bypass kiln dust (CBD), egg shell (ES), bone mill (BM), brick factory residual (BFR), ceramic powder (CP), and drinking water treatment residual (WTR). The mobilization and availability of the elements in the soil were extracted using NH4NO3 and ammonium bicarbonate- diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (AB-DTPA), respectively. The above-ground biomass samples were analyzed for the elements studied. The results confirmed our hypothesis and concluded that although some amendments like S, PA, and TSP can be used for reducing the plant uptake of Al, Cr, and Fe, they might be used with KH for enhancing the phytoextraction of Cd, Cu, Mn, and Ni. Moreover, several wastes such as BFR and WTR might be used for enhancing the phytoextraction of Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, and Ni and reducing the uptake of Mn from the studied soil. Although SBFL decreased the plant uptake of Al, Fe, Mn, and Zn, it's increased the plant uptake of Cd, Cu, and Ni. Therefore, the amendments which reduce the plant uptake of an element might be suitable candidates for its immobilization, while the amendments which increase the plant uptake of an

  10. 78 FR 66909 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application to Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-07

    ... to Amend Authorization Under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act Take notice that on October 25, 2013...(a) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA) and Part 153 of the Commission's Regulations, to amend the... current, conservatively estimated nominal capacity to a peak or maximum capacity at ideal operating...

  11. 43 CFR 2521.7 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Procedures § 2521.7 Amendments. (a) To enlarge area of desert-land entry. Amendment for the purpose of enlarging the area of a desert... amendments in exercise of equitable powers; amendments involving homestead and desert-land entries...

  12. 43 CFR 2521.7 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Procedures § 2521.7 Amendments. (a) To enlarge area of desert-land entry. Amendment for the purpose of enlarging the area of a desert... amendments in exercise of equitable powers; amendments involving homestead and desert-land entries...

  13. 43 CFR 2521.7 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Procedures § 2521.7 Amendments. (a) To enlarge area of desert-land entry. Amendment for the purpose of enlarging the area of a desert... amendments in exercise of equitable powers; amendments involving homestead and desert-land entries...

  14. 43 CFR 2521.7 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Procedures § 2521.7 Amendments. (a) To enlarge area of desert-land entry. Amendment for the purpose of enlarging the area of a desert... amendments in exercise of equitable powers; amendments involving homestead and desert-land entries...

  15. 24 CFR 954.108 - Project amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Project amendment. 954.108 Section... INDIAN HOME PROGRAM Applying for Assistance § 954.108 Project amendment. (a) Grantees shall request prior HUD approval for all project amendments. (b) HUD can approve an amendment to a project if: (1) The...

  16. 24 CFR 954.108 - Project amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Project amendment. 954.108 Section... INDIAN HOME PROGRAM Applying for Assistance § 954.108 Project amendment. (a) Grantees shall request prior HUD approval for all project amendments. (b) HUD can approve an amendment to a project if: (1) The...

  17. 77 FR 74838 - Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on December 3, 2012, Perryville Gas Storage LLC (Perryville), Three Riverway, Suite 1350, Houston, Texas 77056, filed in the above referenced docket an application under section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA) and...

  18. The Swiss Equal Rights Amendment: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerckhoff, Richard K.; Leupp, Timothy

    The Swiss legal system has been openly protective of male privilege while the American system has traditionally claimed to support equality for all people. Yet the Swiss have succeeded in passing an equal rights amendment in a short time and with little national discord. Because of the nature of their political process, the Swiss were able to move…

  19. 76 FR 22092 - Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on March 30, 2011, Perryville Gas Storage LLC (Perryville), Three Riverway, Suite 1350, Houston, Texas 77056, filed in the above referenced docket an application under section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA)...

  20. 77 FR 31840 - Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Perryville Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on May 11, 2012, Perryville Gas Storage LLC (Perryville), Three Riverway, Suite 1350, Houston, Texas 77056, filed in the above referenced docket an application under section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA)...

  1. 77 FR 2054 - Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-13

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on December 22, 2011, Trunkline Gas Company, LLC (Trunkline), P.O. Box 4967, Houston, Texas 77210-4967, filed an... April 8, 2011 pursuant to section 7 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), authorizing Trunkline to isolate its...

  2. Amended cause and manner of death certification: a six-year review of the New Mexico experience.

    PubMed

    Croft, Philip R; Lathrop, Sarah L; Zumwalt, Ross E

    2006-05-01

    Little is known about the amendment of death certificates (DCs) issued by medical examiners and coroners. This retrospective study examined why, how, and with what frequency cause and manner of death were amended on DCs issued by forensic pathologists over a 6-year period at the New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator. Approximately 1% of DCs had either cause or manner of death amendments, with arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease and intoxicants the most commonly amended and resulting causes of death, respectively. There was a significant association between manner of death and number of DCs amended (p<0.001). By percent, natural and suicide DCs were the most frequently amended. The way in which manner of death changed was significantly associated with the amount of time elapsed between DCs (p=0.04). Toxicology was the most common reason for DC amendment.

  3. Veterans Second Amendment Protection Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Burr, Richard [R-NC

    2011-10-13

    Senate - 09/12/2012 Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Ordered to be reported without amendment favorably. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  4. Educating about the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community College Journalist, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Addresses the responsibilities of the scholastic press to ensure the free press guarantee of the Constitution and suggests 42 activities for press organizations to carry out to encourage a greater public understanding of the First Amendment and its implications. (AEA)

  5. Nematicides and nonconventional soil amendments in the management of root-knot nematode on cotton.

    PubMed

    Jorgenson, E C

    1984-04-01

    Granular and liquid commercial humates, with micronutrients, and a microbial fermentation product were compared in several combinations with nematicides for their effects on cotton lint yield and root-knot nematode suppression. Fumigant nematicides effectively reduced cotton root galling caused by root-knot nematodes, and cotton lint yields increased. Organophosphates and carbamates were not effective. Occasionally, cotton lint yields were increased or maintained with combination treatments o f humates, micronutrients, and a microbial fermentation product, but galling o f cotton roots by root-knot nematodes was usually not reduced by these treatments.

  6. 75 FR 52437 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 95 IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This amendment adopts miscellaneous... Programs Division, Flight Standards Service, Federal Aviation Administration, Mike ] Monroney Aeronautical...

  7. 7 CFR 1212.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS..., PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY INFORMATION ORDER Honey Packers and Importers Research, Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Miscellaneous § 1212.87 Amendments. Amendments to...

  8. 78 FR 57472 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... Sec. 95.6002 VOR Federal Airway V2 Is Amended To Read in Part BADGER, WI VORTAC SUDDS, WI FIX 2900... BADGER, WI VORTAC MUSKEGON, MI VORTAC 56 BADGER. V216 Is Amended To Delete Changeover Point...

  9. 21 CFR 312.31 - Information amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... clinical investigation. (b) Content and format of an information amendment. An information amendment is... organized submission of the data in a format appropriate for scientific review. (3) If the sponsor desires...

  10. 21 CFR 312.31 - Information amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... clinical investigation. (b) Content and format of an information amendment. An information amendment is... organized submission of the data in a format appropriate for scientific review. (3) If the sponsor desires...

  11. 21 CFR 312.31 - Information amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... clinical investigation. (b) Content and format of an information amendment. An information amendment is... organized submission of the data in a format appropriate for scientific review. (3) If the sponsor desires...

  12. 18 CFR 4.82 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PROJECT COSTS Application for Preliminary Permit; Amendment and Cancellation of Preliminary Permit § 4.82... amendment of a preliminary permit requests any material change in the proposed project, public notice of...

  13. 18 CFR 4.82 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... PROJECT COSTS Application for Preliminary Permit; Amendment and Cancellation of Preliminary Permit § 4.82... amendment of a preliminary permit requests any material change in the proposed project, public notice of...

  14. 43 CFR 1610.5-5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.5-5 Amendment. A resource management plan may be changed through amendment. An...

  15. Proposed amendments to the medical devices Directives.

    PubMed

    Donawa, Maria

    2006-01-01

    As 2005 came to a close, the European Commission issued its formal proposal for a Directive amending the medical devices Directives. This article discusses certain aspects of the proposed amendments and encourages readers to review them in their entirety.

  16. 47 CFR 1.1309 - Application amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1309 Application amendments. Applicants are permitted to amend their applications to reduce, minimize or eliminate potential environmental problems. As a routine...

  17. 47 CFR 1.1309 - Application amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1309 Application amendments. Applicants are permitted to amend their applications to reduce, minimize or eliminate potential environmental problems. As a routine...

  18. Use of sediment amendments to rehabilitate sinking coastal swamp forests in Louisiana

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Middleton, Beth A.; Jiang, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Coastal wetlands are losing elevation worldwide, so that techniques to increase elevation such as sediment amendment might benefit these wetlands. This study examined the potential of sediment amendment to raise elevation and support the production and regeneration of vegetation in coastal forests in Louisiana. Before sediment amendment, the vegetation did not differ in these Taxodium distichum–Nyssa aquatica forests with respect to herbaceous and tree seedling composition, and sapling and tree characteristics. After the application of sediment in January 2007, sediment-amended swamps had higher elevations and salinity levels than natural swamps. The layer of sediment applied to Treasure Island in Jean Lafitte National Historic Park and Preserve was relatively deep (sediment depth at Site One and Site Two: 0.89 and 0.69 m, respectively, six months after application), and may have exceeded an optimal threshold. Sediment-amended swamp with the highest elevation had some tree mortality and little tree growth of T. distichum. Also, sediment-amended swamp had higher root biomasses of ruderal species, and lower species richness and cover of herbaceous species. Nevertheless, during controlled water releases during an oil spill emergency in 2010, both sediment-amended and reference forest had higher production levels than in other years. While sediment amendment is a compelling management alternative for sinking coastal wetlands, optimal thresholds were not determined for these T. distichum–N. aquatica swamps.

  19. 5 CFR 2100.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Request for correction or amendment. 2100... PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100.7 Request for correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a... amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment), and the reason for the amendment. The request should...

  20. 5 CFR 2100.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Request for correction or amendment. 2100... PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100.7 Request for correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a... amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment), and the reason for the amendment. The request should...

  1. Patient-initiated electronic health record amendment requests

    PubMed Central

    Hanauer, David A; Preib, Rebecca; Zheng, Kai; Choi, Sung W

    2014-01-01

    Background and objective Providing patients access to their medical records offers many potential benefits including identification and correction of errors. The process by which patients ask for changes to be made to their records is called an ‘amendment request’. Little is known about the nature of such amendment requests and whether they result in modifications to the chart. Methods We conducted a qualitative content analysis of all patient-initiated amendment requests that our institution received over a 7-year period. Recurring themes were identified along three analytic dimensions: (1) clinical/documentation area, (2) patient motivation for making the request, and (3) outcome of the request. Results The dataset consisted of 818 distinct requests submitted by 181 patients. The majority of these requests (n=636, 77.8%) were made to rectify incorrect information and 49.7% of all requests were ultimately approved. In 6.6% of the requests, patients wanted valid information removed from their record, 27.8% of which were approved. Among all of the patients requesting a copy of their chart, only a very small percentage (approximately 0.2%) submitted an amendment request. Conclusions The low number of amendment requests may be due to inadequate awareness by patients about how to make changes to their records. To make this approach effective, it will be important to inform patients of their right to view and amend records and about the process for doing so. Increasing patient access to medical records could encourage patient participation in improving the accuracy of medical records; however, caution should be used. PMID:24863430

  2. 76 FR 43509 - Hazardous Materials; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ...PHMSA is amending the Hazardous Materials Regulations to make miscellaneous amendments to update and clarify certain regulatory requirements. These amendments are intended to: promote safer transportation practices; eliminate unnecessary regulatory requirements; finalize outstanding petitions for rulemaking; facilitate international commerce; and simplify the regulations. PHMSA anticipates......

  3. 30 CFR 735.20 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Grant amendments. 735.20 Section 735.20 Mineral... REGULATORY PROGRAMS FOR NON-FEDERAL AND NON-INDIAN LANDS GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.20 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration in the grant...

  4. 30 CFR 725.17 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grant amendments. 725.17 Section 725.17 Mineral... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.17 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration to the grant amount, grant terms or conditions, budget or period, or other administrative, technical...

  5. 30 CFR 735.20 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Grant amendments. 735.20 Section 735.20 Mineral... REGULATORY PROGRAMS FOR NON-FEDERAL AND NON-INDIAN LANDS GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.20 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration in the grant...

  6. 30 CFR 725.17 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Grant amendments. 725.17 Section 725.17 Mineral... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.17 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration to the grant amount, grant terms or conditions, budget or period, or other administrative, technical...

  7. 30 CFR 725.17 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Grant amendments. 725.17 Section 725.17 Mineral... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.17 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration to the grant amount, grant terms or conditions, budget or period, or other administrative, technical...

  8. 45 CFR 302.13 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Plan amendments. 302.13 Section 302.13 Public... PLAN REQUIREMENTS § 302.13 Plan amendments. (a) The State plan shall provide that the plan will be... expenditures resulting from an amended provision of the State plan as of the first day of the calendar...

  9. 45 CFR 205.5 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Plan amendments. 205.5 Section 205.5 Public... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS § 205.5 Plan amendments. (a) State plan requirements. A State plan under title I, IV-A, X, XIV, or XVI (AABD) of the Social Security Act must provide that the plan will be amended...

  10. 18 CFR 740.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Amendments. 740.12 Section 740.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.12 Amendments. The Council may amend all or portions of these guidelines in...

  11. 18 CFR 740.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Amendments. 740.12 Section 740.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.12 Amendments. The Council may amend all or portions of these guidelines in...

  12. 18 CFR 740.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Amendments. 740.12 Section 740.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.12 Amendments. The Council may amend all or portions of these guidelines in...

  13. 18 CFR 740.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amendments. 740.12 Section 740.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.12 Amendments. The Council may amend all or portions of these guidelines in...

  14. 18 CFR 740.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendments. 740.12 Section 740.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.12 Amendments. The Council may amend all or portions of these guidelines in...

  15. 32 CFR 806b.21 - Amendment reasons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAM Amending the Record § 806b.21 Amendment reasons. Individuals may ask to have their records amended to make them accurate, timely, relevant, or complete. System managers will routinely correct a record if the requester can show that it is factually wrong (e.g., date of birth is wrong)....

  16. 30 CFR 745.14 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendments. 745.14 Section 745.14 Mineral... approved pursuant to § 745.11 may be amended by mutual agreement of the Secretary and the Governor of a State. Amendments shall be adopted by Federal rulemaking, in accordance with § 745.11....

  17. 30 CFR 735.20 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grant amendments. 735.20 Section 735.20 Mineral... REGULATORY PROGRAMS FOR NON-FEDERAL AND NON-INDIAN LANDS GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.20 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration in the...

  18. 37 CFR 1.115 - Preliminary amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... amendment unduly interferes with the preparation of a first Office action in an application. Factors that... first Office action as of the date of receipt (§ 1.6) of the preliminary amendment by the Office; and... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preliminary amendments....

  19. 37 CFR 1.115 - Preliminary amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... amendment unduly interferes with the preparation of a first Office action in an application. Factors that... first Office action as of the date of receipt (§ 1.6) of the preliminary amendment by the Office; and... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Preliminary amendments....

  20. 45 CFR 205.5 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Plan amendments. 205.5 Section 205.5 Public... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS § 205.5 Plan amendments. (a) State plan requirements. A State plan under title I, IV-A, X, XIV, or XVI (AABD) of the Social Security Act must provide that the plan will be amended...

  1. 45 CFR 302.13 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Plan amendments. 302.13 Section 302.13 Public... PLAN REQUIREMENTS § 302.13 Plan amendments. (a) The State plan shall provide that the plan will be... expenditures resulting from an amended provision of the State plan as of the first day of the calendar...

  2. 45 CFR 205.5 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Plan amendments. 205.5 Section 205.5 Public Welfare... PROGRAMS § 205.5 Plan amendments. (a) State plan requirements. A State plan under title I, IV-A, X, XIV, or XVI (AABD) of the Social Security Act must provide that the plan will be amended whenever necessary...

  3. 14 CFR 1260.5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Amendment. 1260.5 Section 1260.5 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General § 1260.5 Amendment. This part 1260 will be amended by publication of changes in the Federal...

  4. 14 CFR § 1260.5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment. § 1260.5 Section § 1260.5 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General § 1260.5 Amendment. This part 1260 will be amended by publication of changes in the Federal...

  5. 14 CFR 1260.5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment. 1260.5 Section 1260.5 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General § 1260.5 Amendment. This part 1260 will be amended by publication of changes in the Federal...

  6. 14 CFR 1260.5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment. 1260.5 Section 1260.5 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General § 1260.5 Amendment. This part 1260 will be amended by publication of changes in the Federal...

  7. 14 CFR 1260.5 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment. 1260.5 Section 1260.5 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General § 1260.5 Amendment. This part 1260 will be amended by publication of changes in the Federal...

  8. 7 CFR 953.83 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendments. 953.83 Section 953.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... STATES Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 953.83 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart...

  9. 7 CFR 953.83 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendments. 953.83 Section 953.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 953.83 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart...

  10. 7 CFR 953.83 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendments. 953.83 Section 953.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 953.83 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart...

  11. 7 CFR 953.83 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendments. 953.83 Section 953.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... STATES Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 953.83 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart...

  12. 7 CFR 953.83 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendments. 953.83 Section 953.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 953.83 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart...

  13. 7 CFR 1.165 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendments. 1.165 Section 1.165 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Rules of Practice Governing Cease and Desist Proceedings Under Section 2 of the Capper-Volstead Act § 1.165 Amendments. Amendments to the complaint may be...

  14. Kids Have First Amendment Rights, Too.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Robert S.; Symons, Ann K.

    1997-01-01

    Often overlooked in discussions about free speech and the Internet is the fact that children have First Amendment rights. Discusses First Amendment basics, existing state laws covering obscenity, First Amendment limits, free speech and public schools, student rights to challenge school board filtering, Internet filters in public library children's…

  15. 30 CFR 725.17 - Grant amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Grant amendments. 725.17 Section 725.17 Mineral... REGULATIONS REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES § 725.17 Grant amendments. (a) A grant amendment is a written alteration to the grant amount, grant terms or conditions, budget or period, or other administrative,...

  16. 25 CFR 700.729 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendments. 700.729 Section 700.729 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES New Lands Grazing § 700.729 Amendments. These regulations may be amended or superseded as needed....

  17. 47 CFR 1.1309 - Application amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Procedures Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1309 Application amendments. Applicants are permitted to amend their applications to reduce, minimize or eliminate potential environmental problems. As a routine matter, an applicant will be permitted to amend its application within thirty (30...

  18. 47 CFR 1.1309 - Application amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Procedures Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1309 Application amendments. Applicants are permitted to amend their applications to reduce, minimize or eliminate potential environmental problems. As a routine matter, an applicant will be permitted to amend its application within thirty (30...

  19. 75 FR 16351 - Medical Devices; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ..., and 1050 Medical Devices; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule; technical amendment. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending certain medical.... 360hh- 360ss). The Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990 (SMDA) (Public Law 101- 629), transferred the...

  20. 47 CFR 1.1309 - Application amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Procedures Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1309 Application amendments. Applicants are permitted to amend their applications to reduce, minimize or eliminate potential environmental problems. As a routine matter, an applicant will be permitted to amend its application within thirty (30...

  1. 29 CFR 4002.12 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendments. 4002.12 Section 4002.12 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION GENERAL BYLAWS OF THE PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION § 4002.12 Amendments. These bylaws may be amended or new bylaws adopted by unanimous...

  2. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.60 Amendments. A State may seek to amend... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public...

  3. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.60 Amendments. A State may seek to amend... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public...

  4. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.60 Amendments. A State may seek to amend... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public...

  5. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.60 Amendments. A State may seek to amend... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public...

  6. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.60 Amendments. A State may seek to amend... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public...

  7. 45 CFR 205.5 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Plan amendments. 205.5 Section 205.5 Public... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS § 205.5 Plan amendments. (a) State plan requirements. A State plan under title I, IV-A, X, XIV, or XVI (AABD) of the Social Security Act must provide that the plan will be amended...

  8. 14 CFR 1212.300 - Requesting amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requesting amendment. 1212.300 Section 1212.300 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT-NASA REGULATIONS Amendments to Privacy Act Records § 1212.300 Requesting amendment. Individuals may request that NASA...

  9. Clean Air Act 1990 Amendments

    SciTech Connect

    Stensvaag, J.M.

    1991-01-01

    This book is an analysis of the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act that includes compliance requirements, the new operating permit system, the enhanced enforcement provisions and criminal penalties, potential for citizen enforcement, and the increased reporting requirements. Also analyzed are the new defenses such as permit compliance and protection of employees acting within the direction of employers.

  10. Teachers' First Amendment Rights Eroding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1986-01-01

    A recent Supreme Court decision on a First Amendment case involving a teacher in Texas illustrates how teachers' and other public employees' rights to freedom of speech face serious erosion. The problem is deciding whether grievances fall into the protected area of "public concern" or the unprotected area of a "purely private…

  11. 78 FR 77563 - Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... eliminates the use of the Corporate Risk Information System (CRIS) for corporate credit unions and replaces... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts 700, 701, and 704 RIN 3133-AE33 Technical Amendments AGENCY: National Credit...

  12. Why the Equal Rights Amendment?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denmark, Florence L.

    The Equal Rights Amendment proposes to ensure constitutional protection against all legislative sex discrimination. "Separate but Equal" standards, be they legal, social or psychological, are inevitably incompatable with equal protection under the law and act as a barrier to each individual's freedom for self determination. Equal rights,…

  13. First Amendment Protects Tobacco Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fein, Bruce

    1988-01-01

    Argues that the U.S. government suppression of tobacco advertising is inconsistent with the First Amendment. Cites court decisions declaring that truthful commercial speech concerning lawful activity can be suppressed only if restraint directly advances a substantial government interest. Concludes that Congress should repeal prohibition on…

  14. First Amendment Protects Tobacco Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fein, Bruce

    1988-01-01

    Argues that the U.S. government suppression of tobacco advertising is inconsistent with the First Amendment. Cites court decisions declaring that truthful commercial speech concerning lawful activity can be suppressed only if restraint directly advances a substantial government interest. Concludes that Congress should repeal prohibition on…

  15. 75 FR 63379 - Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...' Compensation Programs 20 CFR Chapter VI RIN 1290-AA24 Technical Amendment AGENCY: Office of Workers... Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP). This authority previously resided with the Employment Standards... CONTACT: Shelby Hallmark, Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, U.S. Department of...

  16. 78 FR 32541 - Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... / Friday, May 31, 2013 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts... 792 RIN 3133-AE20 Technical Amendments AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION... Credit Unions (OCCU), which is now referred to as ONES. ONES has taken over the responsibilities of OCCU...

  17. Amended Silicated for Mercury Control

    SciTech Connect

    James Butz; Thomas Broderick; Craig Turchi

    2006-12-31

    Amended Silicates{trademark}, a powdered, noncarbon mercury-control sorbent, was tested at Duke Energy's Miami Fort Station, Unit 6 during the first quarter of 2006. Unit 6 is a 175-MW boiler with a cold-side electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The plant burns run-of-the-river eastern bituminous coal with typical ash contents ranging from 8-15% and sulfur contents from 1.6-2.6% on an as-received basis. The performance of the Amended Silicates sorbent was compared with that for powdered activated carbon (PAC). The trial began with a period of baseline monitoring during which no sorbent was injected. Sampling during this and subsequent periods indicated mercury capture by the native fly ash was less than 10%. After the baseline period, Amended Silicates sorbent was injected at several different ratios, followed by a 30-day trial at a fixed injection ratio of 5-6 lb/MMACF. After this period, PAC was injected to provide a comparison. Approximately 40% mercury control was achieved for both the Amended Silicates sorbent and PAC at injection ratios of 5-6 lbs/MMACF. Higher injection ratios did not achieve significantly increased removal. Similar removal efficiencies have been reported for PAC injection trials at other plants with cold-side ESPs, most notably for plants using medium to high sulfur coal. Sorbent injection did not detrimentally impact plant operations and testing confirmed that the use of Amended Silicates sorbent does not degrade fly ash quality (unlike PAC). The cost for mercury control using either PAC or Amended Silicates sorbent was estimated to be equivalent if fly ash sales are not a consideration. However, if the plant did sell fly ash, the effective cost for mercury control could more than double if those sales were no longer possible, due to lost by-product sales and additional cost for waste disposal. Accordingly, the use of Amended Silicates sorbent could reduce the overall cost of mercury control by 50% or more versus PAC for locations where fly

  18. The feasibility of planting on stabilized sludge-amended soil

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, C.W.; Poon, C.S.

    1999-05-01

    The feasibility of growing plants on stabilized anaerobically-digested sludge from a local secondary sewage treatment plant (STP) and stabilized chemically-modified sludge from a pilot chemically-assisted primary treatment plant were studied. Apropyron elongatum (tall wheat grass) was used in this research study. A sandy soil obtained locally was amended by the addition of the lime/pulverized fuel ash (PFA) stabilized sewage sludge at the rates of 0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 g/kg. The total shoot yield of the grass harvested from the amended soil was significantly higher than that of the natural soil. The optimum application rates that achieved the highest yield for digested sludge and chemically-modified sludge-amended soils were 50 g/kg and 25 g/kg, respectively. Applying the stabilized digested sludge to the soil reduced Zn, Cr, and P but increased Cu, Cd, N, and K concentrations in the root tissues of the grass. The Ni, Cr, B, and K concentrations in the shoot were increased with the addition of stabilized digested sludge amended soil. For the chemically-modified sludge samples, the concentrations of the metal conaminants as well as the nutrient levels of the crops (both in the shoot and root tissues) grown in the stabilized amended soil were increased as compared to the control. However, all the trace metal concentrations in the crop were below stipulated toxicity levels. The experimental results indicate that it is feasible to plant on a mixture of natural soil and stabilized sewage sludge provided the dosage applied is carefully controlled.

  19. 17 CFR 201.192 - Rulemaking: Issuance, amendment and repeal of rules of general application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... stating the nature of his or her interest and his or her reasons for seeking the issuance, amendment or... agency management or personnel or to public property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts, there shall...: (1) A statement of the time, place, and nature of the rulemaking proceeding, with particular...

  20. 32 CFR 312.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a file shall be addressed to the system manager in which the file is located. The request must reasonably describe the record to be amended, the items to be changed as specifically as possible, the type of amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment...

  1. 32 CFR 312.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a file shall be addressed to the system manager in which the file is located. The request must reasonably describe the record to be amended, the items to be changed as specifically as possible, the type of amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment...

  2. 32 CFR 312.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a file shall be addressed to the system manager in which the file is located. The request must reasonably describe the record to be amended, the items to be changed as specifically as possible, the type of amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment...

  3. 32 CFR 312.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a file shall be addressed to the system manager in which the file is located. The request must reasonably describe the record to be amended, the items to be changed as specifically as possible, the type of amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment...

  4. 32 CFR 312.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend a file shall be addressed to the system manager in which the file is located. The request must reasonably describe the record to be amended, the items to be changed as specifically as possible, the type of amendment (e.g., deletion, correction, amendment...

  5. 32 CFR 310.19 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.19 Amendment of records. (a) Individual review and... amended; (ii) The specific reason for the amendment; (iii) The type of amendment action sought (deletion... reach a decision on a request to amend. Document fully and explain in the Privacy Act case file (see...

  6. 32 CFR 310.19 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.19 Amendment of records. (a) Individual review and... amended; (ii) The specific reason for the amendment; (iii) The type of amendment action sought (deletion... reach a decision on a request to amend. Document fully and explain in the Privacy Act case file (see...

  7. 32 CFR 310.19 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.19 Amendment of records. (a) Individual review and... amended; (ii) The specific reason for the amendment; (iii) The type of amendment action sought (deletion... reach a decision on a request to amend. Document fully and explain in the Privacy Act case file (see...

  8. Soil characteristics of sediment-amended baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) swamps of coastal Louisiana

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jiang, Ming; Middleton, Beth A.

    2011-01-01

    Amendments of sediment from dredging activities have played an important role in raising the elevation of sinking coastal wetlands. This study compared the soil characteristics of sediment- amended coastal swamps in the Barataria Preserve unit of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve with natural swamps along Bayou des Familles. The sandy sediment amendments used in the coastal forests had different soil texture and characteristics than the more organic soils of the natural swamps. Three years after the application of these sediments on the sediment-amended swamps, dewatering and compaction of the sediment had occurred but the sediment still had high salinity and bulk density, and low organic matter content. The two sediment-amended swamps differed from each other in that Site 1 had a higher elevation (mean = 25 cm higher) and drier soil than Site 2. The effects of sediment in coastal forested wetlands require separate consideration from studies of salt marshes, e.g., the weight of the sediment might damage tree roots, or the amendments might influence soil stability during storms in a different way. Generally, this study suggests that shallower depths of sediment are more likely to yield environments beneficial to these sinking baldcypress swamps in coastal Louisiana.

  9. 45 CFR 205.5 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Plan amendments. 205.5 Section 205.5 Public Welfare... PROGRAMS § 205.5 Plan amendments. (a) State plan requirements. A State plan under title I, IV-A, X, XIV, or... amended provision of the State plan as of the first day of the calendar quarter in which an...

  10. 7 CFR 1216.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Miscellaneous § 1216.87 Amendments...

  11. 7 CFR 1216.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Miscellaneous § 1216.87 Amendments...

  12. 7 CFR 1216.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Miscellaneous § 1216.87 Amendments...

  13. 7 CFR 1216.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Miscellaneous § 1216.87 Amendments...

  14. 7 CFR 1216.87 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Miscellaneous § 1216.87 Amendments...

  15. Decreased water flowing from a forest amended with calcium silicate.

    PubMed

    Green, Mark B; Bailey, Amey S; Bailey, Scott W; Battles, John J; Campbell, John L; Driscoll, Charles T; Fahey, Timothy J; Lepine, Lucie C; Likens, Gene E; Ollinger, Scott V; Schaberg, Paul G

    2013-04-09

    Acid deposition during the 20th century caused widespread depletion of available soil calcium (Ca) throughout much of the industrialized world. To better understand how forest ecosystems respond to changes in a component of acidification stress, an 11.8-ha watershed was amended with wollastonite, a calcium silicate mineral, to restore available soil Ca to preindustrial levels through natural weathering. An unexpected outcome of the Ca amendment was a change in watershed hydrology; annual evapotranspiration increased by 25%, 18%, and 19%, respectively, for the 3 y following treatment before returning to pretreatment levels. During this period, the watershed retained Ca from the wollastonite, indicating a watershed-scale fertilization effect on transpiration. That response is unique in being a measured manipulation of watershed runoff attributable to fertilization, a response of similar magnitude to effects of deforestation. Our results suggest that past and future changes in available soil Ca concentrations have important and previously unrecognized implications for the water cycle.

  16. Decreased water flowing from a forest amended with calcium silicate

    PubMed Central

    Green, Mark B.; Bailey, Amey S.; Bailey, Scott W.; Battles, John J.; Campbell, John L.; Driscoll, Charles T.; Fahey, Timothy J.; Lepine, Lucie C.; Likens, Gene E.; Ollinger, Scott V.; Schaberg, Paul G.

    2013-01-01

    Acid deposition during the 20th century caused widespread depletion of available soil calcium (Ca) throughout much of the industrialized world. To better understand how forest ecosystems respond to changes in a component of acidification stress, an 11.8-ha watershed was amended with wollastonite, a calcium silicate mineral, to restore available soil Ca to preindustrial levels through natural weathering. An unexpected outcome of the Ca amendment was a change in watershed hydrology; annual evapotranspiration increased by 25%, 18%, and 19%, respectively, for the 3 y following treatment before returning to pretreatment levels. During this period, the watershed retained Ca from the wollastonite, indicating a watershed-scale fertilization effect on transpiration. That response is unique in being a measured manipulation of watershed runoff attributable to fertilization, a response of similar magnitude to effects of deforestation. Our results suggest that past and future changes in available soil Ca concentrations have important and previously unrecognized implications for the water cycle. PMID:23530239

  17. 77 FR 49830 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Amendment to the Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... to either install new units with pollution controls or convert existing units to natural gas fired... boilers to natural gas-fired boilers by June 30, 2012. The Commonwealth did not meet the deadline imposed... the Amendment. Comments should be addressed to the Assistant Attorney General, Environment and Natural...

  18. 75 FR 13425 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendment AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-39, Technical Amendment. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  19. 75 FR 34291 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD), General... status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-42, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  20. 77 FR 44065 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... 52 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD... pertaining to status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-60, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY...

  1. 76 FR 14572 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DoD), General... pertaining to status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-50, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY...

  2. 76 FR 68043 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... to status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-54, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY...

  3. 78 FR 44874 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-25

    ... Amended To Read in Part JUNCTION, TX VORTAC SAN ANTONIO, TX VORTAC.. 4100 Sec. 95.6245 VOR Federal Airway...--MOCA MEA IS ESTABLISHED WITH A GAP IN NAVIGATION SIGNAL COVERAGE. From To MEA MAA Sec. 95.7001 Jet... Changeover Point V198 Is Amended To Delete Changeover Point JUNCTION, TX VORTAC SAN ANTONIO, TX VORTAC...

  4. 25 CFR 522.3 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amendment. 522.3 Section 522.3 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPROVAL OF CLASS II AND CLASS III ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS SUBMISSION OF GAMING ORDINANCE OR RESOLUTION § 522.3 Amendment. (a) Within 15 days after adoption...

  5. 76 FR 11675 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... Is Amended To Read in Part EAU CLAIRE, WI VORTAC EDGRR, WI FIX *4500 *2900--MOCA EDGRR, WI FIX WAUSAU, WI VORTAC *6000 *3600--MOCA *3600--GNSS MEA WAUSAU R-271 UNUSABLE BYD 10 NM, USE EAU CLAIRE R-087... Point KALAMAZOO, MI VOR/DME JACKSON, MI VOR/DME 36 KALAMAZOO V26 Is Amended To Add Changeover Point EAU...

  6. 31 CFR 362.2 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendments. 362.2 Section 362.2 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... SHIPMENT ACT § 362.2 Amendments. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, or from time to time, make...

  7. 77 FR 16784 - General Bridge Regulation; Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 114, 116, 118 RIN 1625-AB36 General Bridge Regulation; Amendment AGENCY... rulemaking concerning amendments to the general bridge regulations. The rulemaking was initiated to clarify the statutory responsibilities of bridge owners to remove their bridges from navigable waterways when...

  8. 12 CFR 214.6 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendments. 214.6 Section 214.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN BANKS AND BANKERS (REGULATION N) Regulations § 214.6 Amendments. The Board of Governors of the...

  9. 36 CFR 219.8 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendment. 219.8 Section 219.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANNING National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning The Framework for Planning § 219.8 Amendment....

  10. 36 CFR 219.8 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendment. 219.8 Section 219.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANNING National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning The Framework for Planning § 219.8 Amendment....

  11. 7 CFR 2200.9 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendments. 2200.9 Section 2200.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD ACCESS TO LOCAL TELEVISION SIGNALS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM; GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES § 2200.9 Amendments. The Board's...

  12. 7 CFR 2200.9 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendments. 2200.9 Section 2200.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD ACCESS TO LOCAL TELEVISION SIGNALS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM; GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES § 2200.9 Amendments. The Board's...

  13. 7 CFR 2200.9 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendments. 2200.9 Section 2200.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD ACCESS TO LOCAL TELEVISION SIGNALS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM; GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES § 2200.9 Amendments. The Board's...

  14. 7 CFR 2200.9 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendments. 2200.9 Section 2200.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) LOCAL TELEVISION LOAN GUARANTEE BOARD ACCESS TO LOCAL TELEVISION SIGNALS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM; GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES § 2200.9 Amendments. The Board's...

  15. 78 FR 9583 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    ... Airway V101 is Amended to Read in Part BURLEY, ID VOR/DME REAPS, ID FIX........ S BND 7000 N BND 9500... BURLEY, ID VOR/DME... *8000 *7000--MOCA Sec. 95.6447 VOR Federal Airway V447 is Amended to Read in Part...

  16. 14 CFR § 1310.20 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendments. § 1310.20 Section § 1310.20 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION AIR TRANSPORTATION STABILIZATION BOARD AIR CARRIER GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS AND AMENDMENT OR WAIVER OF A TERM OR CONDITION...

  17. 14 CFR 1310.20 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendments. 1310.20 Section 1310.20 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION AIR TRANSPORTATION STABILIZATION BOARD AIR CARRIER GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS AND AMENDMENT OR WAIVER OF A TERM OR CONDITION...

  18. 14 CFR 1310.20 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendments. 1310.20 Section 1310.20 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION AIR TRANSPORTATION STABILIZATION BOARD AIR CARRIER GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS AND AMENDMENT OR WAIVER OF A TERM OR CONDITION...

  19. 14 CFR 1310.20 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Amendments. 1310.20 Section 1310.20 Aeronautics and Space AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM STABILIZATION AIR TRANSPORTATION STABILIZATION BOARD AIR CARRIER GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS AND AMENDMENT OR WAIVER OF A TERM OR CONDITION...

  20. 24 CFR 1003.305 - Program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Single Purpose... participation; and (4) The preparation of an amended or new environmental review in accordance with part 58 of...) Amendments which address imminent threats to health and safety shall be reviewed and approved in accordance...

  1. 24 CFR 1003.305 - Program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Single Purpose... participation; and (4) The preparation of an amended or new environmental review in accordance with part 58 of...) Amendments which address imminent threats to health and safety shall be reviewed and approved in accordance...

  2. 24 CFR 1003.305 - Program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Single Purpose... participation; and (4) The preparation of an amended or new environmental review in accordance with part 58 of...) Amendments which address imminent threats to health and safety shall be reviewed and approved in accordance...

  3. 24 CFR 1003.305 - Program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Single Purpose... participation; and (4) The preparation of an amended or new environmental review in accordance with part 58 of...) Amendments which address imminent threats to health and safety shall be reviewed and approved in accordance...

  4. 24 CFR 1003.305 - Program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Single Purpose... participation; and (4) The preparation of an amended or new environmental review in accordance with part 58 of...) Amendments which address imminent threats to health and safety shall be reviewed and approved in accordance...

  5. 31 CFR 362.2 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Amendments. 362.2 Section 362.2 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... SHIPMENT ACT § 362.2 Amendments. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, or from time to time, make...

  6. 31 CFR 362.2 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendments. 362.2 Section 362.2 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... SHIPMENT ACT § 362.2 Amendments. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, or from time to time, make...

  7. 18 CFR 430.35 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Amendments. 430.35 Section 430.35 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.35 Amendments. Upon request by any interested...

  8. 18 CFR 430.35 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Amendments. 430.35 Section 430.35 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.35 Amendments. Upon request by any interested...

  9. 18 CFR 430.35 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Amendments. 430.35 Section 430.35 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.35 Amendments. Upon request by any interested...

  10. 18 CFR 430.35 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendments. 430.35 Section 430.35 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.35 Amendments. Upon request by any interested...

  11. 18 CFR 430.35 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amendments. 430.35 Section 430.35 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.35 Amendments. Upon request by any interested...

  12. Hate Speech and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rainey, Susan J.; Kinsler, Waren S.; Kannarr, Tina L.; Reaves, Asa E.

    This document is comprised of California state statutes, federal legislation, and court litigation pertaining to hate speech and the First Amendment. The document provides an overview of California education code sections relating to the regulation of speech; basic principles of the First Amendment; government efforts to regulate hate speech,…

  13. 25 CFR 522.3 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Amendment. 522.3 Section 522.3 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPROVAL OF CLASS II AND CLASS III ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS SUBMISSION OF GAMING ORDINANCE OR RESOLUTION § 522.3 Amendment. (a) Within 15 days after...

  14. 25 CFR 522.3 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Amendment. 522.3 Section 522.3 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPROVAL OF CLASS II AND CLASS III ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS SUBMISSION OF GAMING ORDINANCE OR RESOLUTION § 522.3 Amendment. (a) Within 15 days after...

  15. 76 FR 72094 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ... From To MEA &95.6001 Victor Routes-U.S. &95.6014 VOR Federal Airway V14 is Amended to Read in Part Will... Read in Part Sandhills, NC VORTAC *RAEFO, NC FIX **6000 *6000-MRA **2000-MOCA **3000-GNSS MEA *Raefo... Amended to Read in Part Malae, NY FIX Plattsburgh, NY VORTAC.. *7000 *6100-MOCA *6100-GNSS MEA...

  16. 75 FR 24790 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... Ascot, TX FIX Solon, TX FIX *4000 *1500-MOCA Cleep, TX FIX *Legge, TX FIX 3100 *3000-MRA Napoleon, MO... Amended to Read in Part Holly Springs, MS VORTAC......... Gilmore, AR VOR/DME..... 2500 Napoleon, MO... Napoleon, MO VORTAC Lamoni, IA VORTAC....... 2900 Sec. 95.6163 VOR Federal Airway V163 is Amended to Read...

  17. 7 CFR 1220.255 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.255 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed, from time to time, by the Board, or by any Qualified State...

  18. 7 CFR 1220.255 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.255 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed, from time to time, by the Board, or by any Qualified State...

  19. 7 CFR 1220.255 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.255 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed, from time to time, by the Board, or by any Qualified State...

  20. 7 CFR 1220.255 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.255 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed, from time to time, by the Board, or by any Qualified State...

  1. 7 CFR 1220.255 - Amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Miscellaneous § 1220.255 Amendments. Amendments to this subpart may be proposed, from time to time, by the Board, or by any Qualified State...

  2. 7 CFR 1753.28 - Contract amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract amendments. 1753.28 Section 1753.28... AGRICULTURE TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Construction of Buildings § 1753.28... Equipment Contract Amendments. See 7 CFR 1755.93 to obtain copies of Form 238. ...

  3. 47 CFR 3.27 - Amended application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AUTHORITIES IN MARITIME AND MARITIME MOBILE-SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES Application Procedures § 3.27 Amended application. Changes in circumstances that cause information previously supplied to the FCC to be incorrect or... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amended application. 3.27 Section...

  4. The Need for the Equal Rights Amendment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Ruth Bader

    1974-01-01

    The Equal Rights Amendment would dedicate the nation to a new view of the rights and responsibilities of men and women. It rejects sharp legislative lines between the sexes as constitutionally tolerable. The need for the Amendment is discussed in this article. (Author/RM)

  5. 12 CFR 239.22 - Charter amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... shareholders. (b) Approval. Any charter amendment filed pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section shall... this part, shall be approved at the time of adoption, if adopted without change and filed with the... its charter in adopting such amendments. (1) Title change. Prior to changing its corporate title, a...

  6. 12 CFR 152.4 - Charter amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the proposed charter amendment is to be mailed for consideration by the association's shareholders. (b... this part, shall be approved at the time of adoption, if adopted without change and filed with the OCC... adopting such amendments: (1) Title change. A Federal stock association that has complied with § 143.1(b...

  7. 12 CFR 239.22 - Charter amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... shareholders. (b) Approval. Any charter amendment filed pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section shall... this part, shall be approved at the time of adoption, if adopted without change and filed with the... its charter in adopting such amendments. (1) Title change. Prior to changing its corporate title, a...

  8. 12 CFR 239.22 - Charter amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... shareholders. (b) Approval. Any charter amendment filed pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)(ii) of this section shall... this part, shall be approved at the time of adoption, if adopted without change and filed with the... its charter in adopting such amendments. (1) Title change. Prior to changing its corporate title, a...

  9. 77 FR 62147 - Night Definition; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ... [Docket No. FAA-2012-1043; Amdt. Nos. 1-1] Night Definition; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Technical amendment. SUMMARY: The FAA is correcting the title of the publication ``American Air Almanac'' to its current title ``Air Almanac''. This document corrects this minor technical...

  10. 12 CFR 269.12 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.12 Amendment. This policy may be amended upon appropriate legal notice to all Federal Reserve Banks and labor organizations recognized, or...

  11. 12 CFR 269.12 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.12 Amendment. This policy may be amended upon appropriate legal notice to all Federal Reserve Banks and labor organizations recognized, or seeking...

  12. 12 CFR 269.12 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.12 Amendment. This policy may be amended upon appropriate legal notice to all Federal Reserve Banks and labor organizations recognized, or...

  13. 12 CFR 269.12 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.12 Amendment. This policy may be amended upon appropriate legal notice to all Federal Reserve Banks and labor organizations recognized, or seeking...

  14. 12 CFR 269.12 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.12 Amendment. This policy may be amended upon appropriate legal notice to all Federal Reserve Banks and labor organizations recognized, or...

  15. 78 FR 18233 - Medical Devices; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... procedure, Confidential business information, Medical devices, Medical research, Reporting and recordkeeping..., 876, 878, 880, 882, 884, 886, 888, 890, and 892 Medical Devices; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Food and... Administration (FDA) is amending certain medical device regulations to correct minor errors in the Code...

  16. 47 CFR 3.27 - Amended application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... AUTHORITIES IN MARITIME AND MARITIME MOBILE-SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES Application Procedures § 3.27 Amended application. Changes in circumstances that cause information previously supplied to the FCC to be incorrect or... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amended application. 3.27 Section 3.27...

  17. 32 CFR 9.11 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendment. 9.11 Section 9.11 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY.... The Secretary of Defense may amend this part from time to time. ...

  18. 32 CFR 9.11 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Amendment. 9.11 Section 9.11 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY.... The Secretary of Defense may amend this part from time to time. ...

  19. 32 CFR 9.11 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendment. 9.11 Section 9.11 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY.... The Secretary of Defense may amend this part from time to time. ...

  20. 25 CFR 522.3 - Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendment. 522.3 Section 522.3 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPROVAL OF CLASS II AND CLASS III ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS SUBMISSION OF GAMING ORDINANCE OR RESOLUTION § 522.3 Amendment. (a) Within 15 days after...

  1. 7 CFR 1753.11 - Contract amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... an advance of funds based on an amended contract amount (i.e., amendments that increase a contract by... contract, the borrower and contractor are licensed to do business in that location. (d) Upon execution...

  2. Effect of amendments on phytoavailability and fractionation of copper and zinc in a contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Padmavathiamma, Prabha K; Li, Loretta Y

    2010-09-01

    The ability of amendments to modify the soil properties and influence plants to immobilise Cu and Zn was studied in a naturally contaminated, additionally spiked podzolic soil. Lolium perenne L (perennial rye grass), Festuca rubra L (creeping red fescue) and Poa pratensis L (Kentucky blue grass) were tested in a pot study in the presence of soil amendments (lime, phosphate, and compost, individually and in combination) to assess the effect of soil-plant-amendment interaction on phytostabilisation. The ability of treatments to stabilize metals was assessed on the basis of metal fractionation in soil, partitioning of metals in plants, and metal uptake by the plants. Significant partitioning of Cu into immobile forms occurred as a result of the growth of Festuca rubra, and of Zn by the growth of Poa pratensis. Application of lime significantly reduced the exchangeable fraction of Zn, whereas phosphate application had an accelerating effect on exchangeable Cu. With combined application of amendments, the plant metal concentration decreased by more than 40% for Cu and 70% for Zn, compared to soils receiving no amendments. Combined application of amendments, in conjunction with growth of Festuca and Poa, can be recommended for phytostabilising of Cu and Zn in moderately contaminated acid soils of southwest British Columbia.

  3. Arsenic removal using natural biomaterial-based sorbents.

    PubMed

    Ansone, Linda; Klavins, Maris; Viksna, Arturs

    2013-10-01

    Arsenic contamination of water is a major problem worldwide. A possible solution can be approached through developing new sorbents based on cost-effective and environmentally friendly natural biomaterials. We have developed new sorbents based on biomaterial impregnation with iron oxyhydroxide. In this study, raw peat material, iron-modified peat, iron-modified biomass (shingles, straw, sands, cane and moss) as well as iron humate were used for the removal of arsenate from contaminated water. The highest sorption capacity was observed in iron-modified peat, and kinetic studies indicated that the amount of arsenic sorbed on this material exceeds 90 % in 5 h. Arsenate sorption on iron-modified peat is characterised by the pseudo-second-order mechanism. The results of arsenic sorption in the presence of competing substances indicated that sulphate, nitrate, chloride and tartrate anions have practically no influence on As(V) sorption onto Fe-modified peat, whereas the presence of phosphate ions and humic acid significantly lowers the arsenic removal efficiency.

  4. 33 CFR 106.415 - Amendment and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the company or the OCS facility, personnel conducting internal audits of the security measures... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendment and audit. 106.415... Security Plan (FSP) § 106.415 Amendment and audit. (a) Amendments. (1) Amendments to a Facility Security...

  5. 33 CFR 106.415 - Amendment and audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the company or the OCS facility, personnel conducting internal audits of the security measures... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendment and audit. 106.415... Security Plan (FSP) § 106.415 Amendment and audit. (a) Amendments. (1) Amendments to a Facility Security...

  6. 76 FR 10269 - AP1000 Design Certification Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 52 RIN 3150-AI81 AP1000 Design Certification Amendment AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...) proposes to amend its regulations to certify an amendment to the AP1000 standard plant design. The purpose... approval of its amendment to the AP1000 design, an ] applicant seeking an NRC license to construct...

  7. 10 CFR 60.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of license. 60.45 Section 60.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a...

  8. 10 CFR 60.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendment of license. 60.45 Section 60.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a...

  9. 10 CFR 60.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment of license. 60.45 Section 60.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a...

  10. 10 CFR 60.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment of license. 60.45 Section 60.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a...

  11. 10 CFR 60.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment of license. 60.45 Section 60.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a...

  12. 37 CFR 2.173 - Amendment of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendment of registration. 2... Amendment of registration. (a) Form of amendment. The owner of a registration may apply to amend a registration or to disclaim part of the mark in the registration. The owner must submit a written...

  13. 37 CFR 2.173 - Amendment of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Amendment of registration. 2... Amendment of registration. (a) Form of amendment. The owner of a registration may apply to amend a registration or to disclaim part of the mark in the registration. The owner must submit a written...

  14. 37 CFR 2.173 - Amendment of registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Amendment of registration. 2... Amendment of registration. (a) Form of amendment. The owner of a registration may apply to amend a registration or to disclaim part of the mark in the registration. The owner must submit a written...

  15. 5 CFR 2606.301 - Requests to amend records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., at a minimum, the reasons why the data subject believes his record is not accurate, relevant, timely... ACT RULES Amendment of Records § 2606.301 Requests to amend records. (a) Amendment request. A data... request to amend the record(s) is the result of the data subject's having gained access to the record(s...

  16. 5 CFR 2606.301 - Requests to amend records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., at a minimum, the reasons why the data subject believes his record is not accurate, relevant, timely... ACT RULES Amendment of Records § 2606.301 Requests to amend records. (a) Amendment request. A data... request to amend the record(s) is the result of the data subject's having gained access to the record(s...

  17. 32 CFR 701.108 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... THE NAVY DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC DON Privacy Program § 701.108 Amendment of records. Amendments... reason for the amendment; the type of amendment action sought (e.g., deletion, correction, or addition... also disclosed. (k) Statement of reasons. (1) If the individual files a statement of disagreement, the...

  18. 32 CFR 701.108 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... THE NAVY DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC DON Privacy Program § 701.108 Amendment of records. Amendments... reason for the amendment; the type of amendment action sought (e.g., deletion, correction, or addition... also disclosed. (k) Statement of reasons. (1) If the individual files a statement of disagreement, the...

  19. 77 FR 39623 - Airworthiness Standards: Aircraft Engines; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ... Part 33 [Amendment No. 33-33] Airworthiness Standards: Aircraft Engines; Technical Amendment AGENCY... amendment clarifies aircraft engine vibration test requirements in the airworthiness standards. The... Subjects in 14 CFR Part 33 Aircraft, Aviation safety. The Amendment In consideration of the following, the...

  20. Perspectives of humic substances application in remediation of highly heavy metals contaminated soils in Kola Subarctic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tregubova, Polina; Turbaevskaya, Valeria; Zakharenko, Andrey; Kadulin, Maksim; Smirnova, Irina; Stepanov, Andrey; Koptsik, Galina

    2016-04-01

    Northwestern part of Russia, the Kola Peninsula, is one of the most heavy metals (HM) contaminated areas in the northern hemisphere. The main polluters, mining-and-metallurgical integrated works "Pechenganikel" and "Severonikel", are surrounded by heavily damaged barren lands that require remediation. The main contaminating metals are Ni and Cu. Using of exogenous humic substances could be possible effective and cost-efficient solution of HM contamination problem. Rational application of humates (Na-K salts of humic acids) can result in improvement of soil properties, localization of contamination and decreasing bioavailability through binding HM in relatively immobile organic complexes. Our research aim was to evaluate the influence of increasing doses of different origin humates on i) basic properties of contaminated soils; ii) mobility and bioavailability of HMs; iii) vegetation state and chemistry. In summer 2013 a model field experiment was provided in natural conditions of the Kola Peninsula. We investigated the Al-Fe-humus abrazem, soil type that dominates in technogenic barren lands around the "Severonikel" work. These soils are strongly acid: pHH2O was 3.7-4.1; pHKCl was 3.4-4.0. The exchangeable acidity is low (0.8-1.6 cmol(+)/kg) due to the depletion of fine particles and organic matter, being the carriers of exchange positions. The abrazems of barrens had lost organic horizon. 12 sites were created in 1 km from the work. In those sites, except 2 controls, various amendments were added: i) two different by it's origin types of humates: peat-humates and coal-humates, the last were in concentrations 0.5% and 1%; ii) lime; iii) NPK-fertilizer; iv) biomates (organic degradable cover for saving warm and erosion protection). As a test-culture a grass mixture with predominance of Festuca rubra and Festuca ovina was sowed. As a result we concluded that humates of different origin have unequal influence on soil properties and cause decreasing as well as

  1. 30 CFR 934.15 - Approval of North Dakota regulatory program amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Approval of North Dakota regulatory program... DAKOTA § 934.15 Approval of North Dakota regulatory program amendments. The following is a list of the..., .k; changes to new names of U.S. Natural Resource Conservation Service and the North Dakota...

  2. Reversible and irreversible sorption of agrochemicals in biochar amended soils: synergistic effects of heavy metals

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Soil amendment of biochar products from thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion (slow/fast pyrolysis and gasification) of biomass has received considerable interests for both contaminated and agricultural sites. Recalcitrant nature of biochar manifests in their decade-long effectiveness in soil a...

  3. The Application of Fourteenth Amendment Norms to Private Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thigpen, Richard

    1982-01-01

    Examines various theories that courts have used in applying Fourteenth Amendment criteria to nonpublic colleges and universities. Specifically examined are the agency theory for state actions; the public responsibility, government function,and stae involvement doctrines; the theory of permissive norms; and the concept of natural justice.…

  4. Creationism, Evolution and the First Amendment: The Limits of Constitutionally Permissible Scientific Inquiry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levit, Nancy

    1985-01-01

    This article examines the interrelated legal and scientific nature of the creationism controversy. It discusses "McLean vs. Arkansas Board of Education" and analyzes current tactics used by creationists, concluding that they are constitutionally impermissible. An approach is proposed that balances First Amendment interests with the need…

  5. The Equal Rights Amendment in Washington State: An Analysis and Interpretation of Voting Patterns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gecas, Viktor; And Others

    A study was undertaken in Washington state to investigate voting behavior on the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was approved by Washington state voters in 1972. Specifically, research objectives were to determine who was for or against the ERA, to assess the nature of objections to the ERA, and to consider implications of the ERA for family…

  6. 76 FR 59890 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... 14 CFR Part 95 Airspace, Navigation (air). ] Issued in Washington, DC, on September 16, 2011. John M... Is Amended to Read in Part MILTON, PA VORTAC MEGSS, PA FIX *3500 *GNSS MEA MEGSS, PA FIX LAKE HENRY...

  7. BENTHIC COMMUNITY RESPONSE TO SEDIMENT AMENDMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The amendments apatite, organoclay, acetate, chitin, and geotextile reactive mats containing apatite and apatite + organoclay are currently under examination for remediation of contaminated sediments. The objective of this research is to evaluate toxicity to several estuarine an...

  8. 45 CFR 302.13 - Plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... amended whenever necessary to reflect new or revised Federal statutes or regulations, or material change in any phase of State law, organization, policy of IV-D agency operation. (b) Federal financial...

  9. 75 FR 40720 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... AMENDED TO READ IN PART KLAMATH FALLS, OR VORTAC......... TULIP, CA FIX 9000 TULIP, CA FIX BACHS, CA FIX S BND *14000 N BND *9000 *11000--GNSS MEA BACHS, CA FIX HALLE, NV FIX *14000 ] *10200--MOCA *11000--GNSS...

  10. BENTHIC COMMUNITY RESPONSE TO SEDIMENT AMENDMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The amendments apatite, organoclay, acetate, chitin, and geotextile reactive mats containing apatite and apatite + organoclay are currently under examination for remediation of contaminated sediments. The objective of this research is to evaluate toxicity to several estuarine an...

  11. Amending the Mineral Leasing Act governing federal coal lease loyalty rates. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Mineral Resources Development and Production of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session on S. 907, May 19, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    1992-12-31

    The Mineral Resources Development and Production subcommittee hearing addressed S. 907 a bill to amend the Mineral Leasing Act governing Federal Coal Lease Royalty Rates. Statement of witnesses and documents prepared for the record are included along with portions of the legislative text.

  12. To amend title 38, United States Code, to specify the responsibilities of the Directors and Assistant Directors of Veterans' Employment and Training.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Flores, Bill [R-TX-17

    2013-03-21

    House - 04/25/2013 Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee in the Nature of a Substitute (Amended) by Voice Vote . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. To amend title 38, United States Code, to specify the responsibilities of the Directors and Assistant Directors of Veterans' Employment and Training.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Flores, Bill [R-TX-17

    2013-03-21

    04/25/2013 Forwarded by Subcommittee to Full Committee in the Nature of a Substitute (Amended) by Voice Vote . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. 75 FR 67210 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ... & Changeover Points From To MEA Sec. 95.1001 Direct Routes-U.S. Color Routes Sec. 95.6138 Blue Federal Airway B38 is Amended to Delete HAINES, AK NDB U.S. CANADIAN BORDER.... 10000 From To MEA MAA Sec. 95.3000... To MEA Sec. 95.6001 VICTOR ROUTES-U.S. Sec. 95.6003 Vor Federal Airway V3, is Amended To Read in...

  15. 78 FR 20783 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    .... Changeover Points From To MEA Sec. 95.6001 Victor Routes-U.S. Sec. 95.6001 VOR Federal Airway V1 Is Amended... VORTAC, E BND **3100--MOCA **5300--GNSS MEA VAMPS, WA FIX BANDR, WA FIX E BND *8400 W BND *7700 *7700--GNSS MEA BANDR, WA FIX *BEEZR, WA FIX 8400 *9000--MRA Sec. 95.6003 VOR Federal Airway V3 Is Amended...

  16. 75 FR 82228 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... From To MEA MAA Sec. 95.3000 Low Altitude RNAV Routes Sec. 95.3227 RNAV Route T227 Is Amended To Read... Route Q8 Is Amended To Read in Part Galena, AK VOR/DME Anchorage, AK VOR/DME 18000 45000 From To MEA Sec..., OH VOR/DME Morow, OH FIX 3100 Morow, OH FIX Hires, OH FIX *5000 *2700--MOCA *3000--GNSS MEA Hires,...

  17. 76 FR 46202 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-02

    ... Amendment 495 Effective Date August 25, 2011 From To MEA MAA Sec. 95.3000 Low Altitude RNAV Routes Sec. 95... 2000 17500 Borke, NJ FIX Banka, NJ FIX 2000 17500 From To MEA Sec. 95.6001 Victor Routes--U.S. Sec. 95... Airway V36 Is Amended To Read in Part Elmira, NY VOR/DME..... Hawly, PA FIX * 4500 * GNSS MEA. Elmira...

  18. 77 FR 14269 - IFR Altitudes; Miscellaneous Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ... Points From To MEA MAA Sec. 95.3000 Low Altitude RNAV Routes Sec. 95.3223 RNAV Route T223 Is Amended to... 18000 45000 GNSS REQUIRED From To MEA Sec. 95.6001 Victor Routes--U.S. Sec. 95.6002 VOR Federal Airway... Amended to Read in Part SERTS, OK FIX LIONS, OK FIX *4500 *3100--MOCA *3700--GNSS MEA LIONS, OK FIX...

  19. 37 CFR 1.121 - Manner of making amendments in applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... subsequent amendment document. Once a paragraph or section is amended in a first amendment document, the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Manner of making amendments... Provisions Amendments § 1.121 Manner of making amendments in applications. (a) Amendments in...

  20. 37 CFR 1.121 - Manner of making amendments in applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... subsequent amendment document. Once a paragraph or section is amended in a first amendment document, the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Manner of making amendments... Provisions Amendments § 1.121 Manner of making amendments in applications. (a) Amendments in...

  1. 37 CFR 1.121 - Manner of making amendments in applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... subsequent amendment document. Once a paragraph or section is amended in a first amendment document, the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Manner of making amendments... Provisions Amendments § 1.121 Manner of making amendments in applications. (a) Amendments in...

  2. 37 CFR 1.121 - Manner of making amendments in applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... subsequent amendment document. Once a paragraph or section is amended in a first amendment document, the... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Manner of making amendments... Provisions Amendments § 1.121 Manner of making amendments in applications. (a) Amendments in...

  3. 75 FR 9404 - Turtle Bayou Gas Storage Company, LLC; Amended Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Turtle Bayou Gas Storage Company, LLC; Amended Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Planned Turtle Bayou Natural Gas Storage Project and Request for... environmental assessment (EA) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Turtle Bayou Natural...

  4. N-C isotopic investigation of a zeolite-amended agricultural field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferretti, Giacomo; Natali, Claudio; Faccini, Barbara; Di Giuseppe, Dario; Bianchini, Gianluca; Coltorti, Massimo

    2016-04-01

    In this study, a C and N isotopic investigation in the soil-plant system of the ZeoLIFE project experimental field have been carried out. Since many years, natural and NH4-enriched zeolites have been used as soil amendant in agricultural context in order to reduce N losses, increase NUE (Nitrogen Use Efficiency) and crop yield. Nevertheless up to now there are no studies that, using the stable isotopes approach, highlighted the interaction between zeolites and plants in agricultural systems. The main aims of this study is to verify if natural zeolites amendment can enhance chemical fertilization efficiency and if N transfer from NH4-enriched zeolites to plants really occurs. Plants grown following traditional cultivation methods (with no zeolite addition) and plants grown on soils amended with natural and NH4-enriched zeolites (the latter obtained after mixing with pig-slurry with a very high 15N) were compared for two cultivation cycles (maize and wheat). As widely known, plants grown under conventional farming systems (use of chemical fertilizers as urea) and plants grown under organic farming can be discriminated by the isotopic signatures of plant tissues. For both years the main results of the study reveals that plants grown on plots amended with natural zeolites generally have their nitrogen isotopic signature more similar to that of the chemical fertilizers employed during the cultivation with respect to the plants cultivated in the non-amended plot. This suggests an enhanced N uptake by the plant from this specific N source with respect to the non-amended plot. On the other hand, plants grown on NH4-enriched zeolites registered a higher 15N, approaching the pig-slurry isotopic signature, confirming that this material can constitute an N pool for plants at least for two cultivation cycles. The distinct agricultural practices seem to be reflected in the plant physiology as recorded by the carbon discrimination factor (13C) which generally increases

  5. 78 FR 18590 - Organic Arsenicals; Amendments to Terminate Uses; Amendment to Existing Stocks Provisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... AGENCY Organic Arsenicals; Amendments to Terminate Uses; Amendment to Existing Stocks Provisions AGENCY... identified in the 2009 document were improperly finalized, and the existing stocks provisions for all... noted in Unit II. of this document. In addition, this document clarifies that existing stocks...

  6. Alleviating the toxicity of heavy metals by combined amendments in cultivated bag of Pleurotus cornucopiae.

    PubMed

    Liu, Hongying; Guo, Shanshan; Jia, Zhilei; Han, Yue; He, Qi; Xu, Heng

    2015-11-01

    The substrate of mushroom can be polluted with heavy metals and subsequently contaminate mushroom, which requires alternative solutions to reduce associated environmental and human health risks. The effects of amendment application on alleviating Cu and Cd toxicities to Pleurotus cornucopiae were investigated in a cultivated bag experiment conducted with the naturally contaminated substrate. Addition of combined amendments (sodium bentonite, silicon fertilizer, activated carbon, and potassium dihydrogen phosphate) increased the P. cornucopiae biomass and substrate pH. Cu and Cd concentration in P. cornucopiae as well as the available Cu and Cd in substrate reduced for the presence of amendments, and the silicon fertilizer had the biggest inhibition on metal uptake. The smallest amount of Cu and Cd in P. cornucopiae was only 30.8 and 5.51% of control, respectively. Moreover, application of amendments also decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) level in metal-stressed mushroom by 4.38-53.74 and 8.90-58.42% relative to control, respectively. The decreased oxidative stress could well contribute to the growth of P. cornucopiae, and the elevated substrate pH might lead to the lower metal availability, thus resulting in the reduction of metal accumulation in mushroom. These above results suggest that application of combined amendments in mushroom substrate could be implemented in a general scheme aiming at controlling metal content in P. cornucopiae.

  7. Role of Antagonistic Microorganisms and Organic Amendment in Stimulating the Defense System of Okra Against Root Rotting Fungi.

    PubMed

    Shafique, Hafiza Asma; Sultana, Viqar; Ara, Jehan; Ehteshamul-Haque, Syed; Athar, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Without application of chemical pesticides control of soilborne diseases is a great challenge. Stimulation of natural plant's defense is considered as one of the most promising alternative strategy for crop protection. Organic amendment of soil besides direct suppressing the pathogen, has been reported to have an influence on phytochemicals in plants. In the present study, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a plant growth promoting rhizobacterium and Paecilomyces lilacinus, an egg parasite of root knot and cysts nematodes were examined individually and in combination in soil amended with cotton cake for suppressing the root rotting fungi and stimulating the synthesis of polyphenols and improving the antioxidant status in okra. Application of P. aeruginosa and P. lilacinus in soil amended with cotton cake significantly (P < 0.05) suppressed Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum, and Fusarium solani with complete reduction of Rhizoctonia solani. Combine use of biocontrol agents in cotton cake amended soil showed maximum positive impact on plant growth, polyphenol concentration and antioxidant activity in okra.

  8. To amend the Sikes Act to promote the use of cooperative agreements under such Act for land management related to Department of Defense readiness activities and to amend title 10, United States Code, to facilitate interagency cooperation in conservation programs to avoid or reduce adverse impacts on military readiness activities.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Bordallo, Madeleine Z. [D-GU-At Large

    2013-03-12

    House - 06/17/2013 Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Natural Resources. H. Rept. 113-115, Part I. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. AMENDING SOILS WITH PHOSPHATE AS MEANS TO ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Ingested soil and surface dust may be important contributors to elevated blood lead (Pb) levels in children exposed to Pb contaminated environments. Mitigation strategies have typically focused on excavation and removal of the contaminated soil. However, this is not always feasible for addressing widely disseminated contamination in populated areas often encountered in urban environments. The rationale for amending soils with phosphate is that phosphate will promote formation of highly insoluble Pb species (e.g., pyromorphite minerals) in soil, which will remain insoluble after ingestion and, therefore, inaccessible to absorption mechanisms in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Amending soil with phosphate might potentially be used in combination with other methods that reduce contact with or migration of contaminated soils, such as covering the soil with a green cap such as sod, clean soil with mulch, raised garden beds, or gravel. These remediation strategies may be less expensive and far less disruptive than excavation and removal of soil. This review evaluates evidence for efficacy of phosphate amendments for decreasing soil Pb bioavailability. Evidence is reviewed for (1) physical and chemical interactions of Pb and phosphate that would be expected to influence bioavailability, (2) effects of phosphate amendments on soil Pb bioaccessibility (i.e., predicted solubility of Pb in the GIT), and (3) results of bioavailability bioassays of amended soils con

  10. Addition of organic amendments contributes to C sequestration in trace element contaminated soils.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    del Mar Montiel Rozas, María; Panettier, Marco; Madejón Rodríguez, Paula; Madejón Rodríguez, Engracia

    2015-04-01

    Nowadays, the study of global C cycle and the different natural sinks of C have become especially important in a climate change context. Fluxes of C have been modified by anthropogenic activities and, presently, the global objective is the decrease of net CO2 emission. For this purpose, many studies are being conducted at local level for evaluate different C sequestration strategies. These techniques must be, in addition to safe in the long term, environmentally friendly. Restoration of contaminated and degraded areas is considered as a strategy for SOC sequestration. Our study has been carried out in the Guadiamar Green Corridor (Seville, Spain) affected by the Aznalcóllar mining accident. This accident occurred 16 years ago, due to the failure of the tailing dam which contained 4-5 million m3 of toxic tailings (slurry and acid water).The affected soils had a layer of toxic sludge containing heavy metals as As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn. Restoration techniques began to be applied just after the accident, including the removal of the toxic sludge and a variable layer of topsoil (10-30 cm) from the surface. In a second phase, in a specific area (experimental area) of the Green Corridor the addition of organic amendments (Biosolid compost (BC) and Leonardite (LE), a low grade coal rich in humic acids) was carried out to increase pH, organic matter and fertility in a soil which lost its richest layer during the clean-up operation. In our experimental area, half of the plots (A) received amendments for four years (2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007) whereas the other half (B) received amendments only for two years (2002-2003). To compare, plots without amendments were also established. Net balance of C was carried out using values of Water Soluble Carbon (WSC) and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) for three years (2012, 2013 and 2015). To eliminate artificial changes carried out in the plots, amendment addition and withdrawal of biomass were taken into account to calculate balance of kg TOC

  11. [Compliance with constitutional amendment 29 in Brazil].

    PubMed

    Campelli, Magali Geovana Ramlow; Calvo, Maria Cristina M

    2007-07-01

    Constitutional Amendment 29, passed in 2000, set the minimum percentages of budget resources that the Federal, State, and Municipal governments are required to spend on public health. Taking a descriptive approach, this article aims to verify the compliance with Amendment 29 at various levels of government, from 2000 to 2003. Data were obtained from the Public Health System Budget Database (SIOPS). From 2000 to 2003, there was a cumulative deficit with the Unified National Health System (SUS) of R$1.8 billion on the part of the Federal government and R$5.29 billion by the States. In 2000, 59% of the States complied with Amendment 29. In 2001, only 33% complied. Some 41% reached the target in 2002 and 52% in 2003. The SIOPS database showed that the average spending on health by Municipalities reached 13.67%, 14.82%, 16.54%, and 17.4% in 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003, respectively.

  12. 76 FR 65106 - Amendment of Federal Airways; Alaska

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Federal Airways; Alaska AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; technical amendment. SUMMARY: This action removes... Group, Office of Mission Support Services, Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Avenue, SW...

  13. 47 CFR 73.3522 - Amendment of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... application will not be accepted if the effect of such amendment is to alter the proposed facility's coverage... prior to the amendment application. Similarly, an applicant subject to “first come/first serve...

  14. 47 CFR 73.3522 - Amendment of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... application will not be accepted if the effect of such amendment is to alter the proposed facility's coverage... prior to the amendment application. Similarly, an applicant subject to “first come/first serve...

  15. 30 CFR 884.15 - State reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION STATE RECLAMATION PLANS § 884.15 State reclamation plan amendments... reclamation plan. If the amendment or revision changes the objectives, scope or major policies followed by the...

  16. 30 CFR 884.15 - State reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION STATE RECLAMATION PLANS § 884.15 State reclamation plan amendments... reclamation plan. If the amendment or revision changes the objectives, scope or major policies followed by the...

  17. 30 CFR 884.15 - State reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION STATE RECLAMATION PLANS § 884.15 State reclamation plan amendments... reclamation plan. If the amendment or revision changes the objectives, scope or major policies followed by the...

  18. The Fourteenth Amendment: Its Significance for Public School Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Morte, Michael W.

    1974-01-01

    Court decisions on educational issues are often based on an interpretation of the due process or equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. This paper provides educators with a better understanding of the continuing development of this important amendment. (Author)

  19. 22 CFR 201.86 - Waiver and amendment authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Rights and Remedies of USAID, and Waiver Authority § 201.86 Waiver and amendment authority. USAID may waive, withdraw, or amend at any time any or all of the provisions...

  20. 22 CFR 201.86 - Waiver and amendment authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Rights and Remedies of USAID, and Waiver Authority § 201.86 Waiver and amendment authority. USAID may waive, withdraw, or amend at any time any or all of the provisions...

  1. 22 CFR 201.86 - Waiver and amendment authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Rights and Remedies of USAID, and Waiver Authority § 201.86 Waiver and amendment authority. USAID may waive, withdraw, or amend at any time any or all of the provisions...

  2. 22 CFR 201.86 - Waiver and amendment authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Rights and Remedies of USAID, and Waiver Authority § 201.86 Waiver and amendment authority. USAID may waive, withdraw, or amend at any time any or all of the provisions...

  3. 22 CFR 201.86 - Waiver and amendment authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Rights and Remedies of USAID, and Waiver Authority § 201.86 Waiver and amendment authority. USAID may waive, withdraw, or amend at any time any or all of the provisions...

  4. 7 CFR 900.52b - Amended pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the judge may determine to be necessary to protect the interests of the parties. Amendments subsequent to the first amendment or subsequent to the filing of an answer may be made only with leave of...

  5. 7 CFR 900.52b - Amended pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the judge may determine to be necessary to protect the interests of the parties. Amendments subsequent to the first amendment or subsequent to the filing of an answer may be made only with leave of...

  6. First Amendment Schools: An Experiment with Democratic Freedoms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaltain, Sam; Wildasin, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the project, "First Amendment Schools," by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development and the First Amendment Center (Arlington, Virginia). Explains that these schools involve students in the community and in democracy as a means to citizenship education. (CMK)

  7. 7 CFR 900.52b - Amended pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the judge may determine to be necessary to protect the interests of the parties. Amendments subsequent to the first amendment or subsequent to the filing of an answer may be made only with leave of...

  8. 7 CFR 900.52b - Amended pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the judge may determine to be necessary to protect the interests of the parties. Amendments subsequent to the first amendment or subsequent to the filing of an answer may be made only with leave of...

  9. The EPA is today proposing new standards and amendments ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The EPA is today proposing new standards and amendments to existing standards that would further reduce air emissions from hazardous waste management units subject to regulation under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) as amended.

  10. 34 CFR 76.140 - Amendments to a State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) The organization, policies, or operations of the State agency that received the grant, if the change... amendment. (b) A State shall also amend a State plan if there is a significant and relevant change in: (1...

  11. 46 CFR 169.215 - Certificate of inspection amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., by the master, operator, owner, or agent of the vessel at any time there is a change in the character... amendment. (a) An amended certificate of inspection may be issued at any time by any Officer in...

  12. 78 FR 37697 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... pertaining to status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-67, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY...

  13. 77 FR 12948 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-02

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-56, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In order to...

  14. 77 FR 23370 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-58, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In order to...

  15. 76 FR 31416 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services... publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-52, Technical Amendments. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In order to...

  16. 77 FR 56743 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-13

    ...; Sequence 4] Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD... information pertaining to status or publication schedules. Please cite FAC 2005-61, Technical Amendments...

  17. 38 CFR 77.6 - Amendments to grant applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) GRANTS FOR ADAPTIVE SPORTS PROGRAMS FOR DISABLED VETERANS AND DISABLED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES § 77.6 Amendments to grant applications. An applicant seeking to amend its grant application...

  18. 22 CFR 505.7 - Correction or amendment of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20237, who will coordinate the review of the request to amend the... amendments to records within 20 working days of receipt of the request and either make the changes or...

  19. 37 CFR 1.173 - Reissue specification, drawings, and amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... drawings. (i) A marked-up copy of any amended drawing figure, including annotations indicating the changes... marked-up copy of any amended drawing figure, including annotations indicating the changes made, must...

  20. Vanadium bioavailability in soils amended with blast furnace slag.

    PubMed

    Larsson, Maja A; Baken, Stijn; Smolders, Erik; Cubadda, Francesco; Gustafsson, Jon Petter

    2015-10-15

    Blast furnace (BF) slags are commonly applied as soil amendments and in road fill material. In Sweden they are also naturally high in vanadium. The aim of this study was to assess the vanadium bioavailability in BF slags when applied to soil. Two soils were amended with up to 29% BF slag (containing 800 mg V kg(-1)) and equilibrated outdoors for 10 months before conducting a barley shoot growth assay. Additional soil samples were spiked with dissolved vanadate(V) for which assays were conducted two weeks (freshly spiked) and 10 months (aged) after spiking. The BF slag vanadium was dominated by vanadium(III) as shown by V K-edge XANES spectroscopy. In contrast, results obtained by HPLC-ICP-MS showed that vanadium(V), the most toxic vanadium species, was predominant in the soil solution. Barley shoot growth was not affected by the BF slag additions. This was likely due to limited dissolution of vanadium from the BF slag, preventing an increase of dissolved vanadium above toxic thresholds. The difference in vanadium bioavailability among treatments was explained by the vanadium concentration in the soil solution. It was concluded that the vanadium in BF slag is sparingly available. These findings should be of importance in environmental risk assessment.

  1. 37 CFR 2.72 - Amendments to description or drawing of the mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... determine whether a proposed amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with the... amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with the description or drawing of... whether a proposed amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with...

  2. 37 CFR 2.72 - Amendments to description or drawing of the mark.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... determine whether a proposed amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with the... amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with the description or drawing of... whether a proposed amendment materially alters a mark by comparing the proposed amendment with...

  3. Microbial Profiling of a Suppressiveness-Induced Agricultural Soil Amended with Composted Almond Shells.

    PubMed

    Vida, Carmen; Bonilla, Nuria; de Vicente, Antonio; Cazorla, Francisco M

    2016-01-01

    This study focused on the microbial profile present in an agricultural soil that becomes suppressive after the application of composted almond shells (AS) as organic amendments. For this purpose, we analyzed the functions and composition of the complex communities present in an experimental orchard of 40-year-old avocado trees, many of them historically amended with composted almond shells. The role of microbes in the suppression of Rosellinia necatrix, the causative agent of avocado white root rot, was determined after heat-treatment and complementation experiments with different types of soil. Bacterial and fungal profiles obtained from natural soil samples based on the 16S rRNA gene and ITS sequencing revealed slight differences among the amended (AS) and unamended (CT) soils. When the soil was under the influence of composted almond shells as organic amendments, an increase in Proteobacteria and Ascomycota groups was observed, as well as a reduction in Acidobacteria and Mortierellales. Complementary to these findings, functional analysis by GeoChip 4.6 confirmed these subtle differences, mainly present in the relative abundance of genes involved in the carbon cycle. Interestingly, a group of specific probes included in the "soil benefit" category was present only in AS-amended soils, corresponding to specific microorganisms previously described as potential biocontrol agents, such as Pseudomonas spp., Burkholderia spp., or Actinobacteria. Considering the results of both analyses, we determined that AS-amendments to the soil led to an increase in some orders of Gammaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, and Dothideomycetes, as well as a reduction in the abundance of Xylariales fungi (where R. necatrix is allocated). The combination of microbial action and substrate properties of suppressiveness are discussed.

  4. Microbial Profiling of a Suppressiveness-Induced Agricultural Soil Amended with Composted Almond Shells

    PubMed Central

    Vida, Carmen; Bonilla, Nuria; de Vicente, Antonio; Cazorla, Francisco M.

    2016-01-01

    This study focused on the microbial profile present in an agricultural soil that becomes suppressive after the application of composted almond shells (AS) as organic amendments. For this purpose, we analyzed the functions and composition of the complex communities present in an experimental orchard of 40-year-old avocado trees, many of them historically amended with composted almond shells. The role of microbes in the suppression of Rosellinia necatrix, the causative agent of avocado white root rot, was determined after heat-treatment and complementation experiments with different types of soil. Bacterial and fungal profiles obtained from natural soil samples based on the 16S rRNA gene and ITS sequencing revealed slight differences among the amended (AS) and unamended (CT) soils. When the soil was under the influence of composted almond shells as organic amendments, an increase in Proteobacteria and Ascomycota groups was observed, as well as a reduction in Acidobacteria and Mortierellales. Complementary to these findings, functional analysis by GeoChip 4.6 confirmed these subtle differences, mainly present in the relative abundance of genes involved in the carbon cycle. Interestingly, a group of specific probes included in the “soil benefit” category was present only in AS-amended soils, corresponding to specific microorganisms previously described as potential biocontrol agents, such as Pseudomonas spp., Burkholderia spp., or Actinobacteria. Considering the results of both analyses, we determined that AS-amendments to the soil led to an increase in some orders of Gammaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, and Dothideomycetes, as well as a reduction in the abundance of Xylariales fungi (where R. necatrix is allocated). The combination of microbial action and substrate properties of suppressiveness are discussed. PMID:26834725

  5. Organic amendments to avocado crops induce suppressiveness and influence the composition and activity of soil microbial communities.

    PubMed

    Bonilla, Nuria; Vida, Carmen; Martínez-Alonso, Maira; Landa, Blanca B; Gaju, Nuria; Cazorla, Francisco M; de Vicente, Antonio

    2015-05-15

    One of the main avocado diseases in southern Spain is white root rot caused by the fungus Rosellinia necatrix Prill. The use of organic soil amendments to enhance the suppressiveness of natural soil is an inviting approach that has successfully controlled other soilborne pathogens. This study tested the suppressive capacity of different organic amendments against R. necatrix and analyzed their effects on soil microbial communities and enzymatic activities. Two-year-old avocado trees were grown in soil treated with composted organic amendments and then used for inoculation assays. All of the organic treatments reduced disease development in comparison to unamended control soil, especially yard waste (YW) and almond shells (AS). The YW had a strong effect on microbial communities in bulk soil and produced larger population levels and diversity, higher hydrolytic activity and strong changes in the bacterial community composition of bulk soil, suggesting a mechanism of general suppression. Amendment with AS induced more subtle changes in bacterial community composition and specific enzymatic activities, with the strongest effects observed in the rhizosphere. Even if the effect was not strong, the changes caused by AS in bulk soil microbiota were related to the direct inhibition of R. necatrix by this amendment, most likely being connected to specific populations able to recolonize conducive soil after pasteurization. All of the organic amendments assayed in this study were able to suppress white root rot, although their suppressiveness appears to be mediated differentially. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  6. Organic Amendments to Avocado Crops Induce Suppressiveness and Influence the Composition and Activity of Soil Microbial Communities

    PubMed Central

    Bonilla, Nuria; Vida, Carmen; Martínez-Alonso, Maira; Landa, Blanca B.; Gaju, Nuria; Cazorla, Francisco M.

    2015-01-01

    One of the main avocado diseases in southern Spain is white root rot caused by the fungus Rosellinia necatrix Prill. The use of organic soil amendments to enhance the suppressiveness of natural soil is an inviting approach that has successfully controlled other soilborne pathogens. This study tested the suppressive capacity of different organic amendments against R. necatrix and analyzed their effects on soil microbial communities and enzymatic activities. Two-year-old avocado trees were grown in soil treated with composted organic amendments and then used for inoculation assays. All of the organic treatments reduced disease development in comparison to unamended control soil, especially yard waste (YW) and almond shells (AS). The YW had a strong effect on microbial communities in bulk soil and produced larger population levels and diversity, higher hydrolytic activity and strong changes in the bacterial community composition of bulk soil, suggesting a mechanism of general suppression. Amendment with AS induced more subtle changes in bacterial community composition and specific enzymatic activities, with the strongest effects observed in the rhizosphere. Even if the effect was not strong, the changes caused by AS in bulk soil microbiota were related to the direct inhibition of R. necatrix by this amendment, most likely being connected to specific populations able to recolonize conducive soil after pasteurization. All of the organic amendments assayed in this study were able to suppress white root rot, although their suppressiveness appears to be mediated differentially. PMID:25769825

  7. 10 CFR 76.45 - Application for amendment of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Application for amendment of certificate. 76.45 Section 76.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.45 Application for amendment of certificate. (a) Contents of an amendment application....

  8. 10 CFR 76.45 - Application for amendment of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Application for amendment of certificate. 76.45 Section 76.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.45 Application for amendment of certificate. (a) Contents of an amendment application....

  9. 10 CFR 76.45 - Application for amendment of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application for amendment of certificate. 76.45 Section 76.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.45 Application for amendment of certificate. (a) Contents of an amendment application....

  10. 10 CFR 76.45 - Application for amendment of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Application for amendment of certificate. 76.45 Section 76.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.45 Application for amendment of certificate. (a) Contents of an amendment application....

  11. 10 CFR 76.45 - Application for amendment of certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Application for amendment of certificate. 76.45 Section 76.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Application § 76.45 Application for amendment of certificate. (a) Contents of an amendment application....

  12. 43 CFR 3861.2-5 - Amended mineral surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Amended mineral surveys. 3861.2-5 Section... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2-5 Amended mineral surveys. (a) Inasmuch as amended surveys are ordered only by special...

  13. 43 CFR 3861.2-5 - Amended mineral surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amended mineral surveys. 3861.2-5 Section... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2-5 Amended mineral surveys. (a) Inasmuch as amended surveys are ordered only by special...

  14. 43 CFR 3861.2-5 - Amended mineral surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Amended mineral surveys. 3861.2-5 Section... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2-5 Amended mineral surveys. (a) Inasmuch as amended surveys are ordered only by special...

  15. 43 CFR 3861.2-5 - Amended mineral surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Amended mineral surveys. 3861.2-5 Section... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2-5 Amended mineral surveys. (a) Inasmuch as amended surveys are ordered only by special...

  16. 78 FR 14664 - Food and Color Additives; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 73, 172, 173, 176, 177, 178, 184, and 189 Food and Color Additives; Technical Amendments AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule; technical amendments. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending certain...

  17. 14 CFR 91.1017 - Amending program manager's management specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amending program manager's management... Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1017 Amending program manager's management specifications. (a... specifications; or (2) The program manager applies for the amendment of any management specifications, and the...

  18. 76 FR 44254 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Denton, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class D Airspace; Denton, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace for... proposed rulemaking to amend Class D airspace for Denton, TX, creating additional controlled airspace...

  19. 78 FR 48291 - Amendment of Class D Airspace; Sparta, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class D Airspace; Sparta, WI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class D airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class D airspace for Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport...

  20. 78 FR 56132 - Human Reliability Program: Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ... Part 712 RIN 1992-AA44 Human Reliability Program: Technical Amendments AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Final rule; technical amendment. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is amending its Human... cumulatively have a significant impact on the human environment, as determined by DOE's...

  1. 75 FR 27427 - Amendment of Jet Route J-120; Alaska

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Jet Route J-120; Alaska AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Jet Route J-120, in... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Jet Route J-120, in Alaska (75...

  2. 76 FR 2799 - Amendment of Jet Route J-93; CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 71 RIN 2120-AA66 Amendment of Jet Route J-93; CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Jet Route J-93 in California between...) to amend J-93, (75 FR 66344). Interested parties were invited to participate in this...

  3. 10 CFR 7.6 - Amendment to advisory committee charters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment to advisory committee charters. 7.6 Section 7.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.6 Amendment to advisory committee charters. (a) Final authority for amending the charter of an NRC advisory committee established or utilized...

  4. 10 CFR 7.6 - Amendment to advisory committee charters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment to advisory committee charters. 7.6 Section 7.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.6 Amendment to advisory committee charters. (a) Final authority for amending the charter of an NRC advisory committee established or utilized...

  5. 10 CFR 7.6 - Amendment to advisory committee charters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment to advisory committee charters. 7.6 Section 7.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.6 Amendment to advisory committee charters. (a) Final authority for amending the charter of an NRC advisory committee established or utilized...

  6. 10 CFR 7.6 - Amendment to advisory committee charters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment to advisory committee charters. 7.6 Section 7.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.6 Amendment to advisory committee charters. (a) Final authority for amending the charter of an NRC advisory committee established or utilized...

  7. 10 CFR 7.6 - Amendment to advisory committee charters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendment to advisory committee charters. 7.6 Section 7.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.6 Amendment to advisory committee charters. (a) Final authority for amending the charter of an NRC advisory committee established or utilized...

  8. 37 CFR 2.76 - Amendment to allege use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.76 Amendment to allege use. (a) An application under section 1(b) of the Act may be amended to allege use of the mark in commerce... authorized to sign on behalf of the applicant (see § 2.193(e)(1)) that: (i) The applicant believes it is...

  9. 37 CFR 2.76 - Amendment to allege use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.76 Amendment to allege use. (a) An application under section 1(b) of the Act may be amended to allege use of the mark in commerce... authorized to sign on behalf of the applicant (see § 2.193(e)(1)) that: (i) The applicant believes it is...

  10. 37 CFR 42.221 - Amendment of the patent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... owner response. (2) Scope. A motion to amend may be denied where: (i) The amendment does not respond to a ground of unpatentability involved in the trial; or (ii) The amendment seeks to enlarge the scope..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRIAL PRACTICE BEFORE THE PATENT TRIAL AND APPEAL BOARD Post-Grant Review After...

  11. 37 CFR 42.121 - Amendment of the patent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... owner response. (2) Scope. A motion to amend may be denied where: (i) The amendment does not respond to a ground of unpatentability involved in the trial; or (ii) The amendment seeks to enlarge the scope..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRIAL PRACTICE BEFORE THE PATENT TRIAL AND APPEAL BOARD Inter Partes Review After...

  12. 43 CFR 3833.20 - Amending mining claims and sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Amending mining claims and sites. 3833.20... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) RECORDING MINING CLAIMS AND SITES Amending Mining Claims and Sites § 3833.20 Amending mining claims and sites....

  13. 43 CFR 3833.20 - Amending mining claims and sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amending mining claims and sites. 3833.20... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) RECORDING MINING CLAIMS AND SITES Amending Mining Claims and Sites § 3833.20 Amending mining claims and sites....

  14. 43 CFR 3833.20 - Amending mining claims and sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Amending mining claims and sites. 3833.20... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) RECORDING MINING CLAIMS AND SITES Amending Mining Claims and Sites § 3833.20 Amending mining claims and sites....

  15. 43 CFR 3833.20 - Amending mining claims and sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Amending mining claims and sites. 3833.20... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) RECORDING MINING CLAIMS AND SITES Amending Mining Claims and Sites § 3833.20 Amending mining claims and sites....

  16. 32 CFR 310.19 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.19 Amendment of records. (a) Individual review and... needlessly or delay the amendment process. (See paragraph (c) of § 310.17.) (e) Limits on attacking evidence...) Nothing in the amendment process is intended or designed to permit a collateral attack upon what...

  17. 76 FR 44656 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-26

    ... Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended AGENCY: Office of the... jurisdiction. 12 U.S.C. 1 (as amended by section 324 of the Act). The OCC anticipates adopting and publishing... to carry out the provisions of 12 U.S.C. 1 et seq. (as amended), and the Act, and all other laws...

  18. 10 CFR 61.26 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendment of license. 61.26 Section 61.26 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.26 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a license must be filed in...

  19. 10 CFR 61.26 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment of license. 61.26 Section 61.26 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.26 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a license must be filed in...

  20. 10 CFR 61.26 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of license. 61.26 Section 61.26 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.26 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a license must be filed in...

  1. 10 CFR 61.26 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment of license. 61.26 Section 61.26 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.26 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a license must be filed in...

  2. 10 CFR 61.26 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment of license. 61.26 Section 61.26 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE Licenses § 61.26 Amendment of license. (a) An application for amendment of a license must be filed in...

  3. 16 CFR 1031.3 - Consumer Product Safety Act amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. 1031.3 Section 1031.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION... Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. The Consumer Product Safety Act, as amended, contains...

  4. 49 CFR 1007.8 - Amendment of a record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendment of a record. 1007.8 Section 1007.8... § 1007.8 Amendment of a record. (a) Any individual may request amendment of information pertaining to him... specified in §§ 1007.3 and 1007.4 in order to simplify identification of the record and permit...

  5. 22 CFR 505.7 - Correction or amendment of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Correction or amendment of record. 505.7 Section 505.7 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS PRIVACY ACT REGULATION § 505.7 Correction or amendment of record. (a) You have the right to request that we amend a record pertaining to you which...

  6. 14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of Airport Certification Manual... CERTIFICATION OF AIRPORTS Airport Certification Manual § 139.205 Amendment of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139.3, the Regional Airports Division Manager may amend any Airport Certification...

  7. 14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendment of Airport Certification Manual... CERTIFICATION OF AIRPORTS Airport Certification Manual § 139.205 Amendment of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139.3, the Regional Airports Division Manager may amend any Airport Certification...

  8. 1 CFR 21.43 - Placing and amending authority citations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... citations vary with the type of amendment the agency is making in a document. The agency shall set out the... CFR part, the agency shall present the complete authority citation to this part as the first item in the list of amendments. (i) If the authority for issuing an amendment is the same as the...

  9. 46 CFR 309.101 - Amendment of interim binders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amendment of interim binders. 309.101 Section 309.101... INSURANCE § 309.101 Amendment of interim binders. The interim binder for a vessel whose stated valuation is established pursuant to this part shall be deemed to have been amended on the first day of the...

  10. 7 CFR 97.16 - Amendment by applicant.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment by applicant. 97.16 Section 97.16... PLANT VARIETY AND PROTECTION The Application § 97.16 Amendment by applicant. An application may be amended before or after the first examination and action by the Office, after the second or...

  11. 12 CFR 341.4 - Amendments to registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendments to registration. 341.4 Section 341.4... REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES TRANSFER AGENTS § 341.4 Amendments to registration. (a) Within 60 calendar days... incomplete information. (b) The filing of an amendment to an application for registration as a transfer...

  12. 14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment of Airport Certification Manual... CERTIFICATION OF AIRPORTS Airport Certification Manual § 139.205 Amendment of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139.3, the Regional Airports Division Manager may amend any Airport Certification Manual...

  13. 14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment of Airport Certification Manual... CERTIFICATION OF AIRPORTS Airport Certification Manual § 139.205 Amendment of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139.3, the Regional Airports Division Manager may amend any Airport Certification Manual...

  14. 14 CFR 139.205 - Amendment of Airport Certification Manual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment of Airport Certification Manual... CERTIFICATION OF AIRPORTS Airport Certification Manual § 139.205 Amendment of Airport Certification Manual. (a) Under § 139.3, the Regional Airports Division Manager may amend any Airport Certification Manual...

  15. 36 CFR 1151.7 - Amendments to the bylaws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendments to the bylaws. 1151.7 Section 1151.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD BYLAWS § 1151.7 Amendments to the bylaws. In order to amend the bylaws in this part, a...

  16. 24 CFR 180.425 - Amendments to pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Prior to Hearing § 180.425 Amendments to pleadings. (a) By right. HUD may amend the charge or notice of... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendments to pleadings. 180.425... OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  17. 24 CFR 180.425 - Amendments to pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Prior to Hearing § 180.425 Amendments to pleadings. (a) By right. HUD may amend the charge or notice of... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amendments to pleadings. 180.425... OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  18. 24 CFR 180.425 - Amendments to pleadings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Prior to Hearing § 180.425 Amendments to pleadings. (a) By right. HUD may amend the charge or notice of... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Amendments to pleadings. 180.425... OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  19. 24 CFR 266.20 - Effect of amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Effect of amendments. 266.20 Section 266.20 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... Provisions § 266.20 Effect of amendments. The Commissioner may amend the regulations in this part from...

  20. 24 CFR 236.599 - Effect of amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Effect of amendments. 236.599... Effect of amendments. The regulations in this subpart may be amended by the Commissioner at any time and... mortgagee under a contract for interest reduction payments already in effect or to be put into...

  1. 24 CFR 203.249 - Effect of amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Effect of amendments. 203.249 Section 203.249 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... § 203.249 Effect of amendments. The regulations in this subpart may be amended by the Secretary at...

  2. 45 CFR 613.4 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... that you think would be helpful. Providing an edited copy of the record(s) showing the desired change... disclosable form. (e) Denying request for amendment. When a determination is made that amendment, in whole or... record, in disclosable form. (2) Amendment appeal denied—Statement of disagreement. If on appeal the...

  3. 45 CFR 613.4 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... that you think would be helpful. Providing an edited copy of the record(s) showing the desired change... disclosable form. (e) Denying request for amendment. When a determination is made that amendment, in whole or... record, in disclosable form. (2) Amendment appeal denied—Statement of disagreement. If on appeal the...

  4. 40 CFR 1042.220 - Amending maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amending maintenance instructions... Certifying Engine Families § 1042.220 Amending maintenance instructions. You may amend your emission-related maintenance instructions after you submit your application for certification as long as the...

  5. 22 CFR 707.22 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Amendment of records. 707.22 Section 707.22 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ACCESS TO AND...; Fees § 707.22 Amendment of records. (a) Whenever any individual desires an amendment to any record of...

  6. 22 CFR 707.22 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Amendment of records. 707.22 Section 707.22 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ACCESS TO AND...; Fees § 707.22 Amendment of records. (a) Whenever any individual desires an amendment to any record of...

  7. 22 CFR 707.22 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Amendment of records. 707.22 Section 707.22 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ACCESS TO AND...; Fees § 707.22 Amendment of records. (a) Whenever any individual desires an amendment to any record of...

  8. 22 CFR 707.22 - Amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Amendment of records. 707.22 Section 707.22 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ACCESS TO AND...; Fees § 707.22 Amendment of records. (a) Whenever any individual desires an amendment to any record of...

  9. 16 CFR 1031.3 - Consumer Product Safety Act amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. 1031.3 Section 1031.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION... Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. The Consumer Product Safety Act, as amended, contains several...

  10. 16 CFR 1031.3 - Consumer Product Safety Act amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. 1031.3 Section 1031.3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION... Consumer Product Safety Act amendments. The Consumer Product Safety Act, as amended, contains several...

  11. 22 CFR 401.9 - Suspension or amendment of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Suspension or amendment of rules. 401.9 Section 401.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE General § 401.9 Suspension or amendment of rules. The commission may suspend, repeal, or amend all or...

  12. 22 CFR 401.9 - Suspension or amendment of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Suspension or amendment of rules. 401.9 Section 401.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE General § 401.9 Suspension or amendment of rules. The commission may suspend, repeal, or amend all or...

  13. 22 CFR 401.9 - Suspension or amendment of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Suspension or amendment of rules. 401.9 Section 401.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE General § 401.9 Suspension or amendment of rules. The commission may suspend, repeal, or amend all or...

  14. 22 CFR 401.9 - Suspension or amendment of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Suspension or amendment of rules. 401.9 Section 401.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE General § 401.9 Suspension or amendment of rules. The commission may suspend, repeal, or amend all or...

  15. 47 CFR 25.116 - Amendments to applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...” space station applications, within the meaning of § 25.112 will not be considered. (c) Any application.... Amendments to space station applications must be filed on Form 312 and Schedule S. Amendments to earth... amendment resolves frequency conflicts with authorized stations or other pending applications but does not...

  16. 47 CFR 25.116 - Amendments to applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... Amendments to space station applications must be filed on Form 312 and Schedule S. Amendments to earth... be substantial pursuant to section 309 of the Communications Act. (5) Amendments to “defective” space station applications, within the meaning of § 25.112 will not be considered. (c) Any application for an...

  17. 47 CFR 25.116 - Amendments to applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Amendments to space station applications must be filed on Form 312 and Schedule S. Amendments to space... be substantial pursuant to section 309 of the Communications Act. (5) Amendments to “defective” space station applications, within the meaning of § 25.112 will not be considered. (c) Any application for an...

  18. 14 CFR 21.147 - Amendment of production certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment of production certificates. 21... AIRCRAFT CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS AND PARTS Production Certificates § 21.147 Amendment of production certificates. The holder of a production certificate must apply for an amendment to a production...

  19. 24 CFR 115.310 - FHAP and the First Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false FHAP and the First Amendment. 115... Housing Assistance Program § 115.310 FHAP and the First Amendment. None of the funding made available... will follow when it is asked to accept and dual-file a case that may implicate the First Amendment...

  20. 4 CFR 83.10 - First Amendment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false First Amendment rights. 83.10 Section 83.10 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.10 First Amendment... First Amendment to the United States Constitution are prohibited, unless expressly authorized by...

  1. 24 CFR 115.310 - FHAP and the First Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false FHAP and the First Amendment. 115... Housing Assistance Program § 115.310 FHAP and the First Amendment. None of the funding made available... will follow when it is asked to accept and dual-file a case that may implicate the First Amendment...

  2. 4 CFR 83.10 - First Amendment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false First Amendment rights. 83.10 Section 83.10 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.10 First Amendment... First Amendment to the United States Constitution are prohibited, unless expressly authorized by...

  3. 78 FR 22869 - Southern California Gas Company; Notice of Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Southern California Gas Company; Notice of Amendment Take notice that on March 29, 2013, Southern California Gas Company (``SoCalGas'') filed two amendments to its November 21, 2012, petition for rate approval. SoCalGas states that the first amendment is to implement, pursuant...

  4. 24 CFR 115.310 - FHAP and the First Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false FHAP and the First Amendment. 115... Housing Assistance Program § 115.310 FHAP and the First Amendment. None of the funding made available... will follow when it is asked to accept and dual-file a case that may implicate the First Amendment...

  5. 4 CFR 83.10 - First Amendment rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false First Amendment rights. 83.10 Section 83.10 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.10 First Amendment... First Amendment to the United States Constitution are prohibited, unless expressly authorized by...

  6. 24 CFR 115.310 - FHAP and the First Amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false FHAP and the First Amendment. 115... Housing Assistance Program § 115.310 FHAP and the First Amendment. None of the funding made available... will follow when it is asked to accept and dual-file a case that may implicate the First Amendment...

  7. 31 CFR 575.402 - Effect of amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of amendment. 575.402 Section 575.402 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQI SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 575.402 Effect of amendment. Any amendment,...

  8. 31 CFR 538.402 - Effect of amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of amendment. 538.402 Section 538.402 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SUDANESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 538.402 Effect of amendment. Any amendment,...

  9. 31 CFR 560.402 - Effect of amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of amendment. 560.402 Section 560.402 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN TRANSACTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 560.402 Effect of amendment. Any amendment,...

  10. 31 CFR 595.402 - Effect of amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of amendment. 595.402 Section 595.402 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 595.402 Effect of amendment. Any amendment,...

  11. 22 CFR 401.9 - Suspension or amendment of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Suspension or amendment of rules. 401.9 Section 401.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA RULES OF PROCEDURE General § 401.9 Suspension or amendment of rules. The commission may suspend, repeal, or amend all or any...

  12. 10 CFR 63.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Amendment of license. 63.45 Section 63.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 63.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application...

  13. 10 CFR 63.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of license. 63.45 Section 63.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 63.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application...

  14. 10 CFR 63.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amendment of license. 63.45 Section 63.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 63.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application...

  15. 10 CFR 63.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amendment of license. 63.45 Section 63.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 63.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application...

  16. 10 CFR 63.45 - Amendment of license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amendment of license. 63.45 Section 63.45 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 63.45 Amendment of license. (a) An application...

  17. 42 CFR 136.117 - Amendment of regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendment of regulations. 136.117 Section 136.117 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE... Facilities and Services § 136.117 Amendment of regulations. Before revising or amending the regulations...

  18. 37 CFR 2.76 - Amendment to allege use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendment to allege use. 2.76 Section 2.76 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.76 Amendment to allege use. (a...

  19. 37 CFR 2.71 - Amendments to correct informalities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amendments to correct informalities. 2.71 Section 2.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.71 Amendments to...

  20. 37 CFR 2.71 - Amendments to correct informalities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amendments to correct informalities. 2.71 Section 2.71 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.71 Amendments to...

  1. 44 CFR 6.54 - Agreement to alternative amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agreement to alternative... § 6.54 Agreement to alternative amendments. If the denial of a request to amend a record includes proposed alternative amendments, and if the requestor agrees to accept them, he or she must notify the...

  2. 40 CFR 1042.220 - Amending maintenance instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amending maintenance instructions... Certifying Engine Families § 1042.220 Amending maintenance instructions. You may amend your emission-related maintenance instructions after you submit your application for certification as long as the...

  3. 5 CFR 2100.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Request for correction or amendment. 2100.7 Section 2100.7 Administrative Personnel ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100.7 Request for correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend...

  4. 5 CFR 2100.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Request for correction or amendment. 2100.7 Section 2100.7 Administrative Personnel ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100.7 Request for correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend...

  5. 5 CFR 2100.7 - Request for correction or amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Request for correction or amendment. 2100.7 Section 2100.7 Administrative Personnel ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100.7 Request for correction or amendment. (a) Requests to correct or amend...

  6. 75 FR 59934 - Amendment to Class E Airspace; Smithfield, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment to Class E Airspace; Smithfield, NC AGENCY... amends Class E airspace at Johnston County Airport, Smithfield, NC, by correcting an omission of the... amendment of the Class E airspace published in the Federal Register on July 27, 2010 (75 FR 43817)....

  7. 77 FR 28247 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decatur, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decatur, IL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Decatur, IL, area, creating...

  8. 78 FR 26243 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Easton, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Easton, PA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Easton, PA (78...

  9. 75 FR 13668 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Georgetown, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Georgetown, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Georgetown...

  10. 77 FR 28246 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tullahoma, TN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tullahoma, TN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... amend Class E airspace at Tullahoma, TN (77 FR 12759). Interested parties were invited to participate...

  11. 78 FR 48296 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Factoryville, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Factoryville, PA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at...

  12. 77 FR 46284 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lemmon, SD

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lemmon, SD AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Lemmon, SD, area, creating...

  13. 75 FR 65225 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Youngstown, OH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Youngstown, OH AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Youngstown, OH, creating...

  14. 75 FR 65224 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Williston, ND

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Williston, ND AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Williston, ND,...

  15. 77 FR 34209 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tallahassee, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Tallahassee, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace in...

  16. 77 FR 45238 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Montgomery, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Montgomery, AL AGENCY... amends Class E Airspace in the Montgomery, AL area, by recognizing the name change of Prattville-Grouby... Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 71 amends Class E airspace for the Montgomery, AL, area at the...

  17. 75 FR 41075 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bozeman, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action will amend Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Bozeman, MT (75 FR 20321). Interested parties were...

  18. 78 FR 48297 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bedford, PA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Bedford, PA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Bedford County Airport, Bedford, PA. (78 FR...

  19. 78 FR 27031 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kingston, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Kingston, NY AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at... published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace at Kingston,...

  20. 75 FR 13669 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dumas, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dumas, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace for... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Dumas, TX, reconfiguring controlled airspace at Moore County...

  1. 76 FR 35966 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cocoa, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Cocoa, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at..., the FAA published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace...

  2. 78 FR 18800 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decorah, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Decorah, IA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Decorah, IA,...

  3. 78 FR 25382 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Griffin, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-01

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Griffin, GA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E Airspace at... (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Griffin-Spalding County Airport, Griffin, GA (78 FR...

  4. 77 FR 66067 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Boone, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Boone, IA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Boone, IA... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Boone, IA, area, creating...

  5. 77 FR 66069 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Perry, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Perry, IA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Perry, IA, area,...

  6. 78 FR 18799 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Superior, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-28

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Superior, WI AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Superior, WI, area, creating...

  7. 77 FR 66068 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Breckenridge, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-01

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Breckenridge, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Breckenridge, TX,...

  8. 77 FR 46282 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sweetwater, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-03

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Sweetwater, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Sweetwater, TX,...

  9. 77 FR 55690 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dillon, MT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Dillon, MT AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Dillon...

  10. 78 FR 48294 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mason, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Mason, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Mason, TX, area,...

  11. 78 FR 48295 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Gruver, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Gruver, TX AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Gruver, TX,...

  12. 78 FR 41289 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Ogallala, NE

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Ogallala, NE AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Ogallala, NE.,...

  13. 76 FR 9219 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Muncie, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Muncie, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Muncie, IN,...

  14. 76 FR 47061 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lakeland, FL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Lakeland, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace at Lakeland Linder Regional Airport, Lakeland, FL...

  15. 75 FR 13667 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Huntingburg, IN

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Huntingburg, IN AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at Huntingburg, IN... rulemaking to amend Class E airspace for Huntingburg Airport, Huntingburg, IN (74 FR 66592) Docket No....

  16. 77 FR 28245 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Omaha, NE

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Amendment of Class E Airspace; Omaha, NE AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action amends Class E airspace at... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Class E airspace for the Omaha, NE,...

  17. 22 CFR 51.9 - Amendment of passports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Amendment of passports. 51.9 Section 51.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS General § 51.9 Amendment of passports. Except for the convenience of the U.S. Government, no passport may be amended. ...

  18. 22 CFR 51.9 - Amendment of passports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Amendment of passports. 51.9 Section 51.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS General § 51.9 Amendment of passports. Except for the convenience of the U.S. Government, no passport may be amended. ...

  19. 22 CFR 51.9 - Amendment of passports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amendment of passports. 51.9 Section 51.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS General § 51.9 Amendment of passports. Except for the convenience of the U.S. Government, no passport may be amended. ...

  20. 22 CFR 51.9 - Amendment of passports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Amendment of passports. 51.9 Section 51.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS General § 51.9 Amendment of passports. Except for the convenience of the U.S. Government, no passport may be amended. ...