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Sample records for nclex-rn pass rates

  1. Strategies for lowering attrition rates and raising NCLEX-RN pass rates.

    PubMed

    Higgins, Bonnie

    2005-12-01

    This study was designed to determine strategies to raise the NCLEX-RN pass rate and lower the attrition rate in a community college nursing program. Ex-post facto data were collected from 213 former nursing student records. Qualitative data were collected from 10 full-time faculty, 30 new graduates, and 45 directors of associate degree nursing programs in Texas. The findings linked the academic variables of two biology courses and three components of the preadmission test to completion of the nursing program. A relationship was found between one biology course, the science component of the preadmission test, the HESI Exit Examination score, and the nursing skills course to passing the NCLEX-RN. Qualitative data indicated preadmission requirements, campus counselors, remediation, faculty, test-item writing, and teaching method were instrumental in completion of the program and passing the NCLEX-RN.

  2. Academic and Demographic Predictors of NCLEX-RN Pass Rates in First- and Second-Degree Accelerated BSN Programs.

    PubMed

    Kaddoura, Mahmoud A; Flint, Elizabeth P; Van Dyke, Olga; Yang, Qing; Chiang, Li-Chi

    Relatively few studies have addressed predictors of first-attempt outcomes (pass-fail) on the National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) for accelerated BSN programs. The purpose of this study was to compare potential predictors of NCLEX outcomes in graduates of first-degree accelerated (FDA; n=62) and second-degree accelerated (SDA; n=173) BSN programs sharing a common nursing curriculum. In this retrospective study, bivariate analyses and multiple logistic regression assessed significance of selected demographic and academic characteristics as predictors of NCLEX-RN outcomes. FDA graduates were more likely than SDA graduates to fail the NCLEX-RN (P=.0013). FDA graduates were more likely to speak English as a second or additional language (P<.0001), have lower end-of-program GPA and HESI Exit Exam scores (both P<.0001), and have a higher proportions of grades ≤ C (P=.0023). All four variables were significant predictors of NCLEX-RN outcomes within both FDA and SDA programs. The only significant predictors in adjusted logistic regression of NCLEX-RN outcome for the pooled FDA+SDA graduate sample were proportion of grades ≤ C (a predictor of NCLEX-RN failure) and HESI Exit Exam score (a predictor of passing NCLEX-RN). Grades of C or lower on any course may indicate inadequate mastery of critical NCLEX-RN content and increased risk of NCLEX-RN failure. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Accelerated second-degree nursing students: predictors of graduation and NCLEX-RN first-time pass rates.

    PubMed

    Penprase, Barbara B; Harris, Margaret A

    2013-01-01

    It is important to understand and identify factors that affect students' academic performance before entry into a nursing program and as they progress through the program. The authors discuss a study, and its outcomes, that assessed accelerated second-degree nursing students' prenursing and core nursing grades that served to predict their success at completing the nursing program and passing NCLEX-RN on first attempt. Strategies were identified to help at-risk students to be successful in the program and with first-time passage of NCLEX-RN.

  4. Comparing NET and ERI standardized exam scores between baccalaureate graduates who pass or fail the NCLEX-RN.

    PubMed

    Bondmass, Mary D; Moonie, Sheniz; Kowalski, Susan

    2008-01-01

    In the United States, nursing programs are commonly evaluated by their graduates success on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The purpose of this paper is to describe a change in NCLEX-RN success rates following the addition of standardized exams throughout our program's curriculum, and to compare these exam scores between graduates who pass NCLEX-RN and those who do not. Our results indicate an 8.5% change (p < 0.000) in the NCLEX-RN pass rate from our previous 5-year mean pass rate, and significant differences in standardized test scores for those who pass the NCLEX-RN compared to those who do not (p < 0.03). We conclude that our selected standardized exam scores are able to significantly identify graduates who are more likely to pass NCLEX-RN than not.

  5. Predictors of NCLEX-RN Success of Associate Degree Graduates: A Correlational Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kehm, Bonny J.

    2013-01-01

    The outcome of Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) students not passing the initial National Council of Licensure Examination for Registered Nursing (NCLEX-RN) can adversely affect schools of nursing. This failure also adversely affects the national nursing shortage. The declining national pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for ADN graduates and the increasing…

  6. Impact of a standardized test package on exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN outcomes.

    PubMed

    Homard, Catherine M

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this ex post facto correlational study was to compare exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN(®) pass rates of baccalaureate nursing students who differed in level of participation in a standardized test package. Three cohort groups emerged as a standardized test package was introduced: (a) students who did not participate in a standardized test package; (b) students with two semesters of a standardized test package; and (c) students with four semesters of a standardized test package. Benner's novice-to-expert theory framed the study in the belief that students best acquire knowledge and skills through practice and reflection. Students participating in four semesters of a standardized test package demonstrated higher exit examination scores and NCLEX-RN pass rates compared with students who did not participate in this package. This study's results could inform nurse educators about strategies to facilitate nursing student success on exit examinations and the NCLEX-RN. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. NCLEX-RN Examination Performance by BSN Graduates of Four Historically Black Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesney, Anita M.

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative multiple-case study research explored and described differences as well as NCLEX-RN preparation strategies used by Historically Black College and University (HBCU) baccalaureate nursing programs with consistent NCLEX pass rates versus those with inconsistent pass rates. Two of the four selected programs had a history of consistent…

  8. Study groups: are they effective in preparing students for NCLEX-RN?

    PubMed

    Ashley, J; O'Neil, J

    1994-10-01

    The effectiveness of faculty-directed study groups as an intervention to prepare nurse candidates for NCLEX-RN was evaluated. The NCLEX-RN performance of a baccalaureate class who had participated in study groups was compared to the performance of a prior class who had not participated in study groups. Academic subgroups within the classes were compared to determine if study groups were equally effective across levels of academic achievement. The possible reasons for the significant difference in the NCLEX-RN passing rate between "at-risk" students who participated in study groups and at-risk students who did not participate in study groups are discussed. Discussion also considers possible factors influencing the generally better performance of study group participants at all academic levels. Suggestions for future intervention research direct attention to time intensity of interventions and research control through random assignments to treatment groups.

  9. A Comparative Analysis of Demographic and Academic Characteristics and NCLEX-RN Passing among Urban and Rural Campus Students in a Midwest Associate Degree Nursing Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nacos-Burds, Kathleen J.

    2010-01-01

    A retrospective study was initiated to determine: (1) the predictive relationship between demographic and academic variables and NCLEX-RN success; and (2) if there were significant differences between urban and rural nursing students that could account for an increased percentage of rural NCLEX-RN failures. A convenience sample was comprised of…

  10. Learning Style as a Predictor of First-Time NCLEX-RN Success: Implications for Nurse Educators.

    PubMed

    Lown, Susan G; Hawkins, Lee Ann

    Improving NCLEX-RN® pass rates remains a priority for nursing programs. Many programs collect learning style inventory data, yet few studies have looked at relationships between these data and NCLEX-RN pass/fail rates. Learning style preferences (visual, auditory, tactile, individual, group) and NCLEX pass/fail results were examined for 532 undergraduates in a Midwestern university. A significant correlation between preference for group learning and failure of the NCLEX was found (χ = 5.99, P = .05).

  11. NCLEX-RN performance: predicting success on the computerized examination.

    PubMed

    Beeman, P B; Waterhouse, J K

    2001-01-01

    Since the adoption of the Computerized Adaptive Testing (CAT) format of the National Certification Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN), no studies have been reported in the literature on predictors of successful performance by baccalaureate nursing graduates on the licensure examination. In this study, a discriminant analysis was used to identify which of 21 variables can be significant predictors of success on the CAT NCLEX-RN. The convenience sample consisted of 289 individuals who graduated from a baccalaureate nursing program between 1995 and 1998. Seven significant predictor variables were identified. The total number of C+ or lower grades earned in nursing theory courses was the best predictor, followed by grades in several individual nursing courses. More than 93 per cent of graduates were correctly classified. Ninety-four per cent of NCLEX "passes" were correctly classified, as were 92 per cent of NCLEX failures. This degree of accuracy in classifying CAT NCLEX-RN failures represents a marked improvement over results reported in previous studies of licensure examinations, and suggests the discriminant function will be helpful in identifying future students in danger of failure. J Prof Nurs 17:158-165, 2001. Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company

  12. Use of Standardized Mastery Content Assessments Given during the First Year of a Baccalaureate Nursing Program for Predicting NCLEX-RN Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emory, DeAnna Jan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between standardized content specific mastery assessments and NCLEX-RN outcomes. Three content-specific standardized assessments testing Fundamentals, Pharmacology and Mental Health concepts were used to explain the dichotomous NCLEX-RN outcome of pass or fail. The three assessments were…

  13. Self-Esteem, Locus of Control, and First-Time NCLEX-RN Passage of BSN Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

    PubMed

    Chavis, Pamella Ivey

    Relationships between self-esteem, locus of control (LOC), and first-time passage of National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) were examined at baccalaureate nursing programs at two historically black colleges and universities. Shortages continue to exceed demands for RNs prepared at the baccalaureate level. Inconsistent pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for graduates of historically black colleges and universities impede the supply of RNs. Surveys and archival data were used to examine characteristics of the sample and explore relationships among variables. All participants (N = 90) reported high self-esteem and internal LOC. Models suggested that all those with high self-esteem and internal LOC would pass the NCLEX-RN; only 85 percent passed the first time. Statistical analysis revealed a lack of statistical significance between self-esteem, LOC, and first-time passage. Variables not included in the study may have affected first-time passage.

  14. Preparing underemployed Latino U.S. nurses through the Mexico NCLEX-RN Success Program.

    PubMed

    Lujan, Josefina; Little, Kermit

    2010-12-01

    The critical nursing shortage in U.S. communities along the United States-Mexico border is compounded by the need for nurses who are linguistically and culturally concordant with the growing number of Latinos in these communities. The innovative 16-week Mexico NCLEX-RN Success Program responds to this need by helping underemployed Latino nurses, who were educated in Mexico and live in the United States, adapt linguistically and culturally to multiple-choice testing. Ten of the program students have taken the NCLEX-RN with a 50% pass rate, which is twice as high as the internationally educated candidate passing average. This demonstrates potential for the program to build the human capacity of U.S. communities along the United States-Mexico border by infusing linguistically and culturally concordant nurses into the workforce and materializing the dream of underemployed Latino nurses to implement their hard-earned and urgently needed nursing skills. Lessons learned from the program are discussed. Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. The predictive ability of critical thinking, nursing GPA, and SAT scores on first-time NCLEX-RN performance.

    PubMed

    Romeo, Elizabeth M

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the predictability of several variables in achieving first-time success on the NCLEX-RN. Several researchers have attempted to investigate the differences between students who passed the NCLEX-RN the first time and those who failed. No studies used a large enough failure group to have statistical significance. The three specific variables in this study were nursing GPA, SAT combined math and verbal scores, and critical thinking measured on a standardized assessment examination. An ex post facto study design was used to examine data from the records of associate degree nursing graduates during a three-year period. The most significant predictors of NCLEX-RN success were the students' nursing GPA and the overall standardized assessment examination score. The findings of this study could potentially influence the identification of students at risk for NCLEX-RN failure.

  16. Tutoring for Success: Empowering Graduate Nurses After Failure on the NCLEX-RN.

    PubMed

    Lutter, Stacy L; Thompson, Cheryl W; Condon, Marian C

    2017-12-01

    Failure on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) is a devastating experience. Most research related to NCLEX-RN is focused on predicting and preventing failure. Despite these efforts, more than 20,000 nursing school graduates experience failure on the NCLEX-RN each year, and there is a paucity of literature regarding remediation after failure. The aim of this article is to describe an individualized tutoring approach centered on establishing a trusting relationship and incorporating two core strategies for remediation: the nugget method, and a six-step strategy for question analysis. This individualized tutoring method has been used by three nursing faculty with a 95% success rate on an NCLEX retake attempt. Further research is needed to identify the elements of this tutoring method that influence success. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(12):758-761.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  17. Predictors of Success and Failure for ADN Students on the NCLEX-RN

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benefiel, Diane

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to: 1) analyze the relationship of preprogram and nursing program variables on National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) success and failure, and 2) develop a model to predict success and failure on the NCLEX-RN. The convenience sample was comprised of 245 spring, summer, and fall midterm…

  18. Decision-Tree Analysis for Predicting First-Time Pass/Fail Rates for the NCLEX-RN® in Associate Degree Nursing Students.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hsiu-Chin; Bennett, Sean

    2016-08-01

    Little evidence shows the use of decision-tree algorithms in identifying predictors and analyzing their associations with pass rates for the NCLEX-RN(®) in associate degree nursing students. This longitudinal and retrospective cohort study investigated whether a decision-tree algorithm could be used to develop an accurate prediction model for the students' passing or failing the NCLEX-RN. This study used archived data from 453 associate degree nursing students in a selected program. The chi-squared automatic interaction detection analysis of the decision trees module was used to examine the effect of the collected predictors on passing/failing the NCLEX-RN. The actual percentage scores of Assessment Technologies Institute®'s RN Comprehensive Predictor(®) accurately identified students at risk of failing. The classification model correctly classified 92.7% of the students for passing. This study applied the decision-tree model to analyze a sequence database for developing a prediction model for early remediation in preparation for the NCLEXRN. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(8):454-457.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  19. KATTS: a framework for maximizing NCLEX-RN performance.

    PubMed

    McDowell, Betsy M

    2008-04-01

    A key indicator of the quality of a nursing education program is the performance of its graduates as first-time takers of the NCLEX-RN. As a result, nursing schools are open to strategies that strengthen the performance of their graduates on the examination. The Knowledge base, Anxiety control, Test-Taking Skills (KATTS) framework focuses on the three components of achieving a maximum score on an examination. In KATTS, all three components must be present and in proper balance to maximize a test taker's score. By strengthening not just one but all of these components, graduates can improve their overall test scores significantly. Suggested strategies for strengthening each component of KATTS are provided. This framework has been used successfully in designing remedial tutoring programs and in assisting first-time NCLEX test takers in preparing for the licensing examination.

  20. Affirming At-Risk Minorities for Success (ARMS): retention, graduation, and success on the NCLEX-RN.

    PubMed

    Sutherland, Judith A; Hamilton, Mary Jane; Goodman, Nancy

    2007-08-01

    Increasing ethnic and racial diversity in the U.S. population combined with inadequate minority representation in the nursing profession requires innovative strategies to recruit, retain, and graduate nurses from diverse ethnic and racial populations. Affirming At-Risk Minorities for Success (ARMS) was funded by a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Basic Nurse Education and Practice Program grant. Participants (N = 64) were enrolled in a baccalaureate degree nursing program that has been predominantly White/ Anglo and is located in the south-central region of the United States. Research objectives were to increase program retention, graduation rates, and success on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) for minority or educationally disadvantaged students through programmatic interventions, including mentoring and advising, tutoring, and educational seminars. The comparison group was non-ARMS students derived from a comprehensive database (N = 265). Results indicated that interventions positively affected graduation rates (measure of retention = 98%), significantly affected grades in the Leadership-Management capstone course, and eliminated the effects of ethnicity on NCLEX-RN success.

  1. Predictors for Success on the NCLEX-RN for Associate Degree Nursing Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swain, Katrina C.

    2012-01-01

    The nursing shortage is a national issue that has ignited an increasing demand to address the importance of preparing students to be successful on the initial National Council of Licensure Examination for Registered Nursing (NCLEX-RN). Nursing programs are charged by the Board of Nursing to prepare graduates to be successful on the initial…

  2. Quantitative research on critical thinking and predicting nursing students' NCLEX-RN performance.

    PubMed

    Romeo, Elizabeth M

    2010-07-01

    The concept of critical thinking has been influential in several disciplines. Both education and nursing in general have been attempting to define, teach, and measure this concept for decades. Nurse educators realize that critical thinking is the cornerstone of the objectives and goals for nursing students. The purpose of this article is to review and analyze quantitative research findings relevant to the measurement of critical thinking abilities and skills in undergraduate nursing students and the usefulness of critical thinking as a predictor of National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) performance. The specific issues that this integrative review examined include assessment and analysis of the theoretical and operational definitions of critical thinking, theoretical frameworks used to guide the studies, instruments used to evaluate critical thinking skills and abilities, and the role of critical thinking as a predictor of NCLEX-RN outcomes. A list of key assumptions related to critical thinking was formulated. The limitations and gaps in the literature were identified, as well as the types of future research needed in this arena. Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. Computerized NCLEX-RN and NCLEX-PN preparation programs. Comparative review, 1997.

    PubMed

    Riner, M E; Mueller, C; Ihrke, B; Smolen, R A; Wilson, M; Richardson, V; Stone, C; Zwirn, E E

    1997-01-01

    The computerized test taking market continues to expand to meet the needs of nursing students studying to prepare for the NCLEX-RN and the NCLEX-PN. In addition, currently registered nurses may choose to use these software programs to review clinical knowledge in areas in which they are not currently practicing. This article reviewed software designed for personal use, review books with complete disks, on-site institutional testing and consultation, and school of nursing LANs. The costs of software for personal use is priced reasonably and provides flexibility for students to use as their schedule permits. The cost of institutional licenses is moderate and most programs provide multiple on-site use rights. The marketplace has responded to the computerized NCLEX testing now in place nationally. As new formats are developed and new uses identified, nursing faculty and students can expect to see an expanded use of computerized testing.

  4. The answer is questions: accelerated-nursing students report practice questions are fundamental to first-time NCLEX-RN success.

    PubMed

    Blozen, Barbara B

    2014-01-01

    There are a number of anecdotal reports on demographic characteristics and academic success of accelerated-nursing students; yet few empirical studies have examined accelerated-nursing students NCLEX-RN success. Applying Knowles' adult learning theory as a guiding framework, the purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the accelerated-nursing students' perspective, the factors reported as contributing to their success on the NCLEX-RN. The research questions aimed to elicit participants' descriptions of their experiences and factors contributing to their success via individual interviews. The most significant finding the participants identified as the factor that contributed to their success was the practicing of NCLEX-RN questions. The findings of this study have several implications for educational policy and practice for universities and schools of nursing as the information gained from this study applies to recruitment and retention as well as curriculum and educational strategies in an accelerated-nursing program.

  5. Locus of Control & Motivation Strategies for Learning Questionnaire: Predictors of Student Success on the ATI Comprehensive Predictor Exam & NCLEX-RN Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Jane H.

    2011-01-01

    The two purposes of this study were to determine whether locus of control (LOC) was predictive of how a student would perform on the ATI Comprehensive Predictor Exam and the NCLEX-RN, and if the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) provided information that would help determine predictors of success on these two exams. The study…

  6. The Relationship between Post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) Failure Remediation and NCLEX-RN Success of Graduates of Baccalaureate Nursing Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Patricia Gale

    2009-01-01

    An ex post facto study was conducted to determine whether any relationship exists between remediation post Reach Exit Exam (E[superscript 2]) failure and NCLEX-RN success of graduates of baccalaureate nursing programs. Data was gathered from responses to the seventh annual validity study (V7S) offered to deans and directors of nursing programs by…

  7. Relationshp between Academic Variables and Personality Type to Progression in an Associate Degree Nursing Program and Achievement on NCLEX-RN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Ione Norma

    This retrospective study was done to identify academic and personality variables that predict student progression through an associate degree nursing program and achievement on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The study searched for evidence of a decline in academic ability in the students over the 7…

  8. HESI admission assessment (A(2)) examination scores, program progression, and NCLEX-RN success in baccalaureate nursing: an exploratory study of dependable academic indicators of success.

    PubMed

    Hinderer, Katherine A; DiBartolo, Mary C; Walsh, Catherine M

    2014-01-01

    In an effort to meet the demand for well-educated, high-quality nurses, schools of nursing seek to admit those candidates most likely to have both timely progression and first-time success on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Finding the right combination of academic indicators, which are most predictive of success, continues to be an ongoing challenge for entry-level baccalaureate nursing programs across the United States. This pilot study explored the relationship of a standardized admission examination, the Health Education Systems, Inc. (HESI) Admission Assessment (A(2)) Examination to preadmission grade point average (GPA), science GPA, and nursing GPA using a retrospective descriptive design. In addition, the predictive ability of the A(2) Examination, preadmission GPA, and science GPA related to timely progression and NCLEX-RN success were explored. In a sample of 89 students, no relationship was found between the A(2) Examination and preadmission GPA or science GPA. The A(2) Examination was correlated with nursing GPA and NCLEX-RN success but not with timely progression. Further studies are needed to explore the utility and predictive ability of standardized examinations such as the A(2) Examination and the contribution of such examinations to evidence-based admission decision making. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. People are failing! Something needs to be done: Canadian students' experience with the NCLEX-RN.

    PubMed

    McGillis Hall, Linda; Lalonde, Michelle; Kashin, Jordana

    2016-11-01

    Canada's nurse regulators adopted the NCLEX as the entry-to-practice licensing exam for Canada's registered nurses effective January 2015. It is important to determine whether any issues from this change emerged for nursing students in preparing for and taking this new exam. To explore the experiences of Canadian graduate student nurses who were the first to write the NCLEX examination for entry to practice in Canada, determine whether any issues with implementation were identified and how these could be addressed. A qualitative study. Thematic analysis of semi-structured interview data obtained through interviews with 202 graduate Canadian nursing students was the methodology employed in this study. The predominant theme that emerged from the interview data was policy related issues that students identified with preparing for and taking the NCLEX. Sub-themes included: a) temporary test centre concerns, b) perceptions of American context and content on the exam, c) lack of French language resources and translation issues, d) the limited number of opportunities to write the exam, e) communication and engagement with regulators, f) financial costs incurred and g) reputational costs for the Canadian nursing profession. The experiences of study participants with NCLEX implementation in Canada were less than positive. This is of critical importance given the pass rates for first-time NCLEX writers in Canada were reported as 69.7%, substantially lower than pass rates on the previous Canadian entry-to-practice exam. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Predictors of Retention and Passing National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkins, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    The current nursing shortage has challenged colleges to educate nurses at a faster pace than in previous times. Successful completion of the nursing programs and passing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) exam is important for the students, faculty, and nursing programs. The purpose of this retrospective…

  11. Predictors for Associate Degree Nursing Students' First Attempt on NCLEX-RN

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    Nursing program administrators need to identify significant predictors for associate degree nursing (ADN) students to determine characteristics of those who will most likely pass the NCLEX-RN® on the first attempt. The purpose of the quantitative study with a correlation prediction design was to determine if a relationship existed between the…

  12. A Nursing Workforce Diversity Project: Strategies for Recruitment, Retention, Graduation, and NCLEX-RN Success.

    PubMed

    Murray, Ted A; Pole, David C; Ciarlo, Erica M; Holmes, Shearon

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe a collaborative project designed to recruit and retain students from underrepresented minorities and disadvantaged backgrounds into nursing education. Ethnic minorities remain underrepresented in the nursing workforce in comparison to the general population. The numbers of minorities enrolled in nursing education programs are insufficient to meet the health care workforce diversity needs of the future. High school students were provided with a preprofessional education program to prepare them for admission into a nursing program. Retention strategies were implemented for newly admitted and enrolled nursing education students. Twenty-one high school students enrolled in a nursing education program. The students enrolled in the nursing education program graduated and passed the licensure examination. Early recruitment and multiprong retention programs can be successful in diversifying the registered nurse workforce.

  13. Components of US Associate Degree Nursing Programs and Their Relationship to the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses Graduate Pass Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popescu, Caroline A.

    2011-01-01

    The nursing shortage has accelerated the need for nursing programs to discover program components related to success on the NCLEX-RN. As the demand for nurses is growing, nursing programs have been called upon to help find solutions to the problem. This study attempted to contribute to the resolution of the shortage and provide nursing educators…

  14. Faculty support for ESL nursing students: action plan for success.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Eileen; Beaver, Shirley

    2012-01-01

    Nursing students whose first language is not English have lower retention and NCLEX-RN pass rates. This review identifies four areas of difficulty and recommends strategies that can be employed by supportive faculty to assist these students and help ensure a more diverse nursing workforce to care for our increasingly diverse patient population.

  15. Simulation Performance and National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses Outcomes: Field Research Perspectives.

    PubMed

    Brackney, Dana E; Lane, Susan Hayes; Dawson, Tyia; Koontz, Angie

    2017-11-01

    This descriptive field study examines processes used to evaluate simulation for senior-level Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) students in a capstone course, discusses challenges related to simulation evaluation, and reports the relationship between faculty evaluation of student performance and National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) first-time passing rates. Researchers applied seven terms used to rank BSN student performance (n = 41, female, ages 22-24 years) in a senior-level capstone simulation. Faculty evaluation was correlated with students' NCLEX-RN outcomes. Students evaluated as "lacking confidence" and "flawed" were less likely to pass the NCLEX-RN on the first attempt. Faculty evaluation of capstone simulation performance provided additional evidence of student preparedness for practice in the RN role, as evidenced by the relationship between the faculty assessment and NCLEX-RN success. Simulation has been broadly accepted as a powerful educational tool that may also contribute to verification of student achievement of program outcomes and readiness for the RN role.

  16. Standardized Testing Practices: Effect on Graduation and NCLEX® Pass Rates.

    PubMed

    Randolph, Pamela K

    The use standardized testing in pre-licensure nursing programs has been accompanied by conflicting reports of effective practices. The purpose of this project was to describe standardized testing practices in one states' nursing programs and discover if the use of a cut score or oversight of remediation had any effect on (a) first time NCLEX® pass rates, (b) on-time graduation (OTG) or (c) the combination of (a) and (b). Administrators of 38 nursing programs in one Southwest state were sent surveys; surveys were returned by 34 programs (89%). Survey responses were compared to each program's NCLEX pass rate and on-time graduation rate; t-tests were conducted for significant differences associated with a required minimum score (cut score) and oversight of remediation. There were no significant differences in NCLEX pass or on-time graduation rates related to establishment of a cut score. There was a significant difference when the NCLEX pass rate and on-time graduation rate were combined (Outcome Index "OI") with significantly higher program outcomes (P=.02.) for programs without cut-scores. There were no differences associated with faculty oversight of remediation. The results of this study do not support establishment of a cut-score when implementing a standardized testing. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Nursing Students' Nonacademic Barriers to Success on High Stakes Exams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bussen, Jennifer A.

    2016-01-01

    Every nursing program wants its graduates to pass the NCLEX-RN licensure examination the first time they take it. For those who fail, entry into practice is delayed until they can pass the NCLEX-RN. The nursing programs that graduated students who fail may experience a loss of reputation, decreased numbers of potential applicants, and, ultimately,…

  18. Evaluation of a Secure Laptop-Based Testing Program in an Undergraduate Nursing Program: Students' Perspective.

    PubMed

    Tao, Jinyuan; Gunter, Glenda; Tsai, Ming-Hsiu; Lim, Dan

    2016-01-01

    Recently, the many robust learning management systems, and the availability of affordable laptops, have made secure laptop-based testing a reality on many campuses. The undergraduate nursing program at the authors' university began to implement a secure laptop-based testing program in 2009, which allowed students to use their newly purchased laptops to take quizzes and tests securely in classrooms. After nearly 5 years' secure laptop-based testing program implementation, a formative evaluation, using a mixed method that has both descriptive and correlational data elements, was conducted to seek constructive feedback from students to improve the program. Evaluation data show that, overall, students (n = 166) believed the secure laptop-based testing program helps them get hands-on experience of taking examinations on the computer and gets them prepared for their computerized NCLEX-RN. Students, however, had a lot of concerns about laptop glitches and campus wireless network glitches they experienced during testing. At the same time, NCLEX-RN first-time passing rate data were analyzed using the χ2 test, and revealed no significant association between the two testing methods (paper-and-pencil testing and the secure laptop-based testing) and students' first-time NCLEX-RN passing rate. Based on the odds ratio, however, the odds of students passing NCLEX-RN the first time was 1.37 times higher if they were taught with the secure laptop-based testing method than if taught with the traditional paper-and-pencil testing method in nursing school. It was recommended to the institution that better quality of laptops needs to be provided to future students, measures needed to be taken to further stabilize the campus wireless Internet network, and there was a need to reevaluate the Laptop Initiative Program.

  19. A Short Note on the Relationship between Pass Rate and Multiple Attempts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Ying; Liu, Cheng

    2016-01-01

    For a certification, licensure, or placement exam, allowing examinees to take multiple attempts at the test could effectively change the pass rate. Change in the pass rate can occur without any change in the underlying latent trait, and can be an artifact of multiple attempts and imperfect reliability of the test. By deriving formulae to compute…

  20. The 150 Credit-Hour Requirement and CPA Examination Pass Rates--A Four Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briggs, Gary P.; He, Lerong

    2012-01-01

    Debate concerning the minimum educational requirements of certified public accountant (CPA) candidates in the USA has been taking place for decades. This paper compares the sectional pass rates of CPA candidates from jurisdictions requiring 150 credit hours of college study with the pass rates of candidates from jurisdictions not requiring 150…

  1. Respectful Alignment of Programs as a Possible Factor in Remedial Writers' Pass Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Mary

    2017-01-01

    For over four years, students enrolled in remedial writing classes who attended eight writing center tutorials directly linked to their assignments had an average pass rate of 95.6 percent, whereas students who did not attend any writing center tutorials had an average pass rate of 39.4 percent. These correlations are just that--correlations that…

  2. Impact of Online Summer Mathematics Bridge Program on Placement Scores and Pass Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Jodi L.; Dreher, J. P.

    2017-01-01

    An online four-week summer mathematics bridge program was implemented at a Midwest university with historically low pass rates in College Algebra and Remedial Mathematics. Students who completed the four week program significantly increased their mathematics placement exam scores. These students also had a higher pass rate in their initial college…

  3. Course Pass Rates in Fall 1987. Enrollment Analysis Report EA88-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clagett, Craig A.; Diehl, Patricia K.

    A study was conducted at Prince George's Community College (PGCC) in Maryland to determine the percentage of students enrolled in courses in fall 1987 who received passing grades, and to examine these pass rates with respect to academic discipline, and student gender, age, race, and admission status. Study findings included the following: (1) the…

  4. Statistical variability and confidence intervals for planar dose QA pass rates

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, Daniel W.; Nelms, Benjamin E.; Attwood, Kristopher

    Purpose: The most common metric for comparing measured to calculated dose, such as for pretreatment quality assurance of intensity-modulated photon fields, is a pass rate (%) generated using percent difference (%Diff), distance-to-agreement (DTA), or some combination of the two (e.g., gamma evaluation). For many dosimeters, the grid of analyzed points corresponds to an array with a low areal density of point detectors. In these cases, the pass rates for any given comparison criteria are not absolute but exhibit statistical variability that is a function, in part, on the detector sampling geometry. In this work, the authors analyze the statistics ofmore » various methods commonly used to calculate pass rates and propose methods for establishing confidence intervals for pass rates obtained with low-density arrays. Methods: Dose planes were acquired for 25 prostate and 79 head and neck intensity-modulated fields via diode array and electronic portal imaging device (EPID), and matching calculated dose planes were created via a commercial treatment planning system. Pass rates for each dose plane pair (both centered to the beam central axis) were calculated with several common comparison methods: %Diff/DTA composite analysis and gamma evaluation, using absolute dose comparison with both local and global normalization. Specialized software was designed to selectively sample the measured EPID response (very high data density) down to discrete points to simulate low-density measurements. The software was used to realign the simulated detector grid at many simulated positions with respect to the beam central axis, thereby altering the low-density sampled grid. Simulations were repeated with 100 positional iterations using a 1 detector/cm{sup 2} uniform grid, a 2 detector/cm{sup 2} uniform grid, and similar random detector grids. For each simulation, %/DTA composite pass rates were calculated with various %Diff/DTA criteria and for both local and global %Diff normalization

  5. Relationship between internal medicine program board examination pass rates, accreditation standards, and program size.

    PubMed

    Falcone, John L; Gonzalo, Jed D

    2014-01-19

    To determine Internal Medicine residency program compliance with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education 80% pass-rate standard and the correlation between residency program size and performance on the American Board of Internal Medicine Certifying Examination. Using a cross-sectional study design from 2010-2012 American Board of Internal Medicine Certifying Examination data of all Internal Medicine residency pro-grams, comparisons were made between program pass rates to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pass-rate standard. To assess the correlation between program size and performance, a Spearman's rho was calculated. To evaluate program size and its relationship to the pass-rate standard, receiver operative characteristic curves were calculated. Of 372 Internal Medicine residency programs, 276 programs (74%) achieved a pass rate of =80%, surpassing the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education minimum standard. A weak correlation was found between residency program size and pass rate for the three-year period (p=0.19, p<0.001). The area underneath the receiver operative characteristic curve was 0.69 (95% Confidence Interval [0.63-0.75]), suggesting programs with less than 12 examinees/year are less likely to meet the minimum Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pass-rate standard (sensitivity 63.8%, specificity 60.4%, positive predictive value 82.2%, p<0.001). Although a majority of Internal Medicine residency programs complied with Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pass-rate standards, a quarter of the programs failed to meet this requirement. Program size is positively but weakly associated with American Board of Internal Medicine Certifying Examination performance, suggesting other unidentified variables significantly contribute to program performance.

  6. Does administering a comprehensive examination affect pass rates on the Registered Health Information Administrator certification examination?

    PubMed

    McNeill, Marjorie H

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this research study was to determine whether the administration of a comprehensive examination before graduation increases the percentage of students passing the Registered Health Information Administrator certification examination. A t-test for independent means yielded a statistically significant difference between the Registered Health Information Administrator certification examination pass rates of health information administration programs that administer a comprehensive examination and programs that do not administer a comprehensive examination. Programs with a high certification examination pass rate do not require a comprehensive examination when compared with those programs with a lower pass rate. It is concluded that health information administration faculty at the local level should perform program self-analysis to improve student progress toward achievement of learning outcomes and entry-level competencies.

  7. Pass rates on the American Board of Family Medicine Certification Exam by residency location and size.

    PubMed

    Falcone, John L; Middleton, Donald B

    2013-01-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) sets residency performance standards for the American Board of Family Medicine Certification Examination. This study aims are to describe the compliance of residency programs with ACGME standards and to determine whether residency pass rates depend on program size and location. In this retrospective cohort study, residency performance from 2007 to 2011 was compared with the ACGME performance standards. Simple linear regression was performed to see whether program pass rates were dependent on program size. Regional differences in performance were compared with χ(2) tests, using an α level of 0.05. Of 429 total residency programs, there were 205 (47.8%) that violate ACGME performance standards. Linear regression showed that program pass rates were positively correlated and dependent on program size (P < .001). The median pass rate per state was 86.4% (interquartile range, 82.0-90.8. χ(2) Tests showed that states in the West performed higher than the other 3 US Census Bureau Regions (all P < .001). Approximately half of the family medicine training programs do not meet the ACGME examination performance standards. Pass rates are associated with residency program size, and regional variation occurs. These findings have the potential to affect ACGME policy and residency program application patterns.

  8. Association between EMS Question Bank Completion and Passing Rates on the EMS Certification Examination.

    PubMed

    Clemency, Brian; Martin-Gill, Christian; Rall, Nicole; May, Paul; Lubin, Jeffrey; Cooley, Craig; Van Dillen, Christine; Silvestri, Salvatore; Portela, Roberto; Cooney, Derek; Knutsen, Christian; March, Juan

    2017-01-01

    A board review question bank was created to assist candidates in their preparation for the 2015 EMS certification examination. We aimed to describe the development of this question bank and evaluate its successes in preparing candidates to obtain EMS subspecialty board certification. An online question bank was developed by 13 subject matter experts who participated as item writers, representing eight different EMS fellowship programs. The online question bank consisted of four practice tests, with each of the tests comprised of 100 questions. The number of candidates who participated in and completed the question bank was calculated. The passing rate among candidates who completed the question bank was calculated and compared to the publicly reported statistics for all candidates. The relationship between candidates' performance on the question bank and subspecialty exam pass rates was determined. A total of 252 candidates took at least one practice test and, of those, 225 candidates completed all four 100-question practice tests. The pass rate on the 2015 EMS certification exam was 79% (95%CI 74-85%) among candidates who completed the question bank, which is 12% higher than the overall pass rate (p = 0.003). Candidates' performance on the question bank was positively associated with overall success on the exam (X 2 = 75.8, p < 0.0001). Achieving a score of ≥ 70% on the question bank was associated with a higher likelihood of passing the exam (OR = 17.8; 95% CI: 8.0-39.6). Completing the question bank program was associated with improved pass rates on the EMS certification exam. Strong performance on the question bank correlated with success on the exam.

  9. Analysis of Factors Causing Poor Passing Rates and High Dropout Rates among Primary School Girls in Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mzuza, Maureen Kapute; Yudong, Yang; Kapute, Fanuel

    2014-01-01

    Factors that cause poor examination passing rates and high dropout rates among primary school girls in Malawi were analysed. First hand data was collected by conducting a survey in all the three regions of Malawi. The respondents to the questionnaire were girls (402) who are repeating the last class in primary schools (Standard 8), primary school…

  10. Enhancing "Mathematics for Informatics" and its Correlation with Student Pass Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Divjak, B.; Erjavec, Z.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, changes in "Mathematics for Informatics" at the Faculty of Organisation and Informatics in the University of Zagreb are described, and correlated with students pass rates. Students at the Faculty work in an interdisciplinary field, studying Informatics within a business context. The main reason for introducing the…

  11. CLAST Results by College Preparatory Experience: Passing Rates under Current and Increased Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabe, LiAnne C.

    A study was conducted at Broward Community College (BCC) to compare the performance on the College Level Academic Skills Test (CLAST) of examinees with college preparatory experience to that of examinees without this experience. Data were drawn from CLAST tapes for the 1988-89 academic year and from BCC's admissions file. Passing rates for each…

  12. Measuring fire spread rates from repeat pass airborne thermal infrared imagery

    Treesearch

    Douglas A. Stow; Philip J. Riggan; Emanual A. Storey; Lloyd L. Coulter

    2014-01-01

    The objective is to evaluate procedures for direct measurement of fire spread rates (FSRs) based on archived repeat pass airborne thermal infrared (ATIR) imagery and to identify requirements for more refined measurements of FSR and environmental factors that influence FSR. Flaming front positions are delineated on sequential FireMapper ATIR images captured at...

  13. The Effects of Recorded Lectures on Passing Rates in Online Math Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fital-Akelbek, Sandra; Akelbek, Mahmud

    2018-01-01

    In this mixed method study we investigate the impact of recorded lectures on passing rates in an online math course. For three years, we collected data from approximately 380 students enrolled in a first-year undergraduate online course, College Algebra. The data was used to compare the amount of time students spent watching recorded lectures and…

  14. Pass Rates in Primary School Leaving Examination in Tanzania: Implication for Efficient Allocation of Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kassile, Telemu

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines regional differentials in pass rates in Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) in Mainland Tanzania. In particular, the paper investigates the effects of pupil-teacher ratio (PTR), pupil-latrine ratio (PLR), pupil-classroom ratio (PCR), availability of electricity in schools, and secondary school and above education of women…

  15. Academic Performance and Pass Rates: Comparison of Three First-Year Life Science Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downs, C. T.

    2009-01-01

    First year students' academic performance in three Life Science courses (Botany, Zoology and Bioscience) was compared. Pass rates, as well as the means and distributions of final marks were analysed. Of the three components (coursework, practical and theory examinations) contributing to the final mark of each course, students performed best in the…

  16. Relationship Between Physician Assistant Program Length and Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination Pass Rates.

    PubMed

    Colletti, Thomas P; Salisbury, Helen; Hertelendy, Attila J; Tseng, Tina

    2016-03-01

    This study was conducted to examine the relationship between physician assistant (PA) educational program length and PA programs' 5-year average Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE) first-time pass rates. This was a retrospective correlational study that analyzed previously collected data from a nonprobability purposive sample of accredited PA program Web sites. Master's level PA programs (n = 108) in the United States with published average PANCE scores for 5 consecutive classes were included. Provisional and probationary programs were excluded (n = 4). Study data were not normally distributed per the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, P = .00. There was no relationship between program length and PANCE pass rates, ρ (108) = -0.04, P = .68. Further analyses examining a possible relationship between program phase length (didactic and clinical) and PANCE pass rates also demonstrated no differences (ρ [107] = -0.05, P = .60 and ρ [107] = 0.02, P = .80, respectively). The results of this study suggest that shorter length PA programs perform similarly to longer programs in preparing students to pass the PANCE. In light of rapid expansion of PA educational programs, educators may want to consider these findings when planning the length of study for new and established programs.

  17. Calculating inspector probability of detection using performance demonstration program pass rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cumblidge, Stephen; D'Agostino, Amy

    2016-02-01

    The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff has been working since the 1970's to ensure that nondestructive testing performed on nuclear power plants in the United States will provide reasonable assurance of structural integrity of the nuclear power plant components. One tool used by the NRC has been the development and implementation of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI Appendix VIII[1] (Appendix VIII) blind testing requirements for ultrasonic procedures, equipment, and personnel. Some concerns have been raised, over the years, by the relatively low pass rates for the Appendix VIII qualification testing. The NRC staff has applied statistical tools and simulations to determine the expected probability of detection (POD) for ultrasonic examinations under ideal conditions based on the pass rates for the Appendix VIII qualification tests for the ultrasonic testing personnel. This work was primarily performed to answer three questions. First, given a test design and pass rate, what is the expected overall POD for inspectors? Second, can we calculate the probability of detection for flaws of different sizes using this information? Finally, if a previously qualified inspector fails a requalification test, does this call their earlier inspections into question? The calculations have shown that one can expect good performance from inspectors who have passed appendix VIII testing in a laboratory-like environment, and the requalification pass rates show that the inspectors have maintained their skills between tests. While these calculations showed that the PODs for the ultrasonic inspections are very good under laboratory conditions, the field inspections are conducted in a very different environment. The NRC staff has initiated a project to systematically analyze the human factors differences between qualification testing and field examinations. This work will be used to evaluate and prioritize

  18. SU-F-T-271: Comparing IMRT QA Pass Rates Before and After MLC Calibration

    SciTech Connect

    Mazza, A; Perrin, D; Fontenot, J

    Purpose: To compare IMRT QA pass rates before and after an in-house MLC leaf calibration procedure. Methods: The MLC leaves and backup jaws on four Elekta linear accelerators with MLCi2 heads were calibrated using the EPID-based RIT Hancock Test as the means for evaluation. The MLCs were considered to be successfully calibrated when they could pass the Hancock Test with criteria of 1 mm jaw position tolerance, and 1 mm leaf position tolerance. IMRT QA results were collected pre- and postcalibration and analyzed using gamma analysis with 3%/3mm DTA criteria. AAPM TG-119 test plans were also compared pre- and post-calibration,more » at both 2%/2mm DTA and 3%/3mm DTA. Results: A weighted average was performed on the results for all four linear accelerators. The pre-calibration IMRT QA pass rate was 98.3 ± 0.1%, compared with the post-calibration pass rate of 98.5 ± 0.1%. The TG-119 test plan results showed more of an improvement, particularly at the 2%/2mm criteria. The averaged results were 89.1% pre and 96.1% post for the C-shape plan, 94.8% pre and 97.1% post for the multi-target plan, 98.6% pre and 99.7% post for the prostate plan, 94.7% pre and 94.8% post for the head/neck plan. Conclusion: The patient QA results did not show statistically significant improvement at the 3%/3mm DTA criteria after the MLC calibration procedure. However, the TG-119 test cases did show significant improvement at the 2%/2mm level.« less

  19. Exploring longitudinal shifts in international nurse migration to the United States between 2003 and 2013 through a random effects panel data analysis.

    PubMed

    Squires, Allison; Ojemeni, Melissa T; Jones, Simon

    2016-06-30

    No study has examined the longitudinal trends in National Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) applicants and pass rates among internationally-educated nurses (IENs) seeking to work in the United States, nor has any analysis explored the impact of specific events on these trends, including changes to the NCLEX-RN exam, the role of the economic crisis, or the passing of the WHO Code on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel. This study seeks to understand the impact of the three aforementioned factors that may be influencing current and future IEN recruitment patterns in the United States. In this random effects panel data analysis, we analyzed 11 years (2003-2013) of annual IEN applicant numbers and pass rates for registered nurse credentialing. Data were obtained from publicly available reports on exam pass rates. With the global economic crisis and NCLEX-RN changes in 2008 coupled with the WHO Code passage in 2010, we sought to compare if (1) the number of applicants changed significantly after those 2 years and (2) if pass rates changed following exam modifications implemented in 2008 and 2011. A total of 177 countries were eligible for inclusion in this analysis, representing findings from 200,453 IEN applicants to the United States between 2003 and 2013. The majority of applicants were from the Philippines (58 %) and India (11 %), with these two countries combined representing 69 % of the total. Candidates from Sub-Saharan African countries totalled 7133 (3 % of all applications) over the study period, with half of these coming from Nigeria alone. No significant changes were found in the number of candidates following the 2008 economic crisis or the 2010 WHO Code, although pass rates decreased significantly following the 2008 exam modifications and the WHO Code implementation. This study suggests that, while the WHO Code has had an influence on overall IEN migration dynamics to the United States by decreasing candidate

  20. Improving MRCP PACES pass rates through the introduction of a regional multifaceted support framework

    PubMed Central

    Jerrom, Richard; Roper, Tayeba; Murthy, Narasimha

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills (PACES) constitutes the final part of the mandatory Royal College of Physicians exam series for progression to higher specialty training. Pass rates were lower for core medical trainees (CMTs) in Coventry and Warwickshire in comparison to other regions within the West Midlands and nationally. Objectives Our aim was to improve pass rates in the region through the introduction of a stimulating and supportive teaching framework, designed to enhance the quality and frequency of PACES teaching. Methods To identify key areas for change a baseline questionnaire, including Likert Scale and free text questions related to PACES teaching, was distributed to all CMTs in the region. Many trainees highlighted concern over lack of PACES-orientated teaching and support, with particular emphasis on: lack of bedside-teaching with feedback; infrequent opportunities for practising communication skills; and difficulty identifying suitable patients in an efficient manner. To address these concerns the following interventions were implemented over two Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) cycles which were analysed at 6 months and 12months: a digital forum to highlight relevant inpatients for examination practice; a peer-to-peer mentoring scheme; a consultant-led bedside-teaching rota; and classroom-based communication skills sessions. Results Pass rates at Annual Review of Competence Progression improved from baseline to the end of the first year of implementation, 56.3% to 77.3%, respectively. Furthermore, following analysis of questionnaires at each PDSA cycle, we demonstrated a progressive improvement in trainee satisfaction in exposure, quality and relevance of teaching. Conclusion Our innovative, cost-effective teaching framework for PACES preparation has improved exam outcomes and facilitated swift junior doctor career progression, while raising the profile of the trust. Furthermore, this innovation provides a template for

  1. Admission Criteria, Program Outcomes, and NCLEX-RN(RTM) Success in Second Degree Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, Janet Wedge

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the outcome performance of second degree students in an Accelerated BSN (ABSN) and an Entry Level MSN (ELMSN) program. In addition to student demographics (ethnicity/race, age, and gender), study variables included admission and end-of-program indicators. Admission criteria included the…

  2. Forecasting Nursing Student Success and Failure on the NCLEX-RN Using Predictor Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santiago, Lawrence A.

    2013-01-01

    A severe and worsening nursing shortage exists in the United States. Increasing numbers of new graduate nurses are necessary to meet this demand. To address the concerns of increased nursing demand, leaders of nursing schools must ensure larger numbers of nursing students graduate. Prior to practicing as registered nurses in the United States,…

  3. Preadmission Academic Achievement Criteria as Predictors of Nursing Program Completion and NCLEX-RN Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Tanya L.

    2009-01-01

    Admission policies and practices in higher education, including those in nursing programs, are diverse; yet administrators have traditionally relied upon preadmission academic achievement for selection of qualified students. Higher education administrators have the responsibility to serve the institution and all of its constituents, ensuring that…

  4. Repetition rate multiplication of frequency comb using all-pass fiber resonator

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Lijun; Yang, Honglei; Zhang, Hongyuan

    2016-09-15

    We propose a stable method for repetition rate multiplication of a 250-MHz Er-fiber frequency comb by a phase-locked all-pass fiber ring resonator, whose phase-locking configuration is simple. The optical path length of the fiber ring resonator is automatically controlled to be accurately an odd multiple of half of the original cavity length using an electronical phase-locking unit with an optical delay line. As for shorter cavity length of the comb, high-order odd multiple is preferable. Because the power loss depends only on the net-attenuation of the fiber ring resonator, the energetic efficiency of the proposed method is high. The inputmore » and output optical spectrums show that the spectral width of the frequency comb is clearly preserved. Besides, experimental results show less pulse intensity fluctuation and 35 dB suppression ratio of side-modes while providing a good long-term and short-term frequency stability. Higher-order repetition rate multiplication to several GHz can be obtained by using several fiber ring resonators in cascade configuration.« less

  5. SU-F-T-301: Planar Dose Pass Rate Inflation Due to the MapCHECK Measurement Uncertainty Function

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, D; Spaans, J; Kumaraswamy, L

    Purpose: To quantify the effect of the Measurement Uncertainty function on planar dosimetry pass rates, as analyzed with Sun Nuclear Corporation analytic software (“MapCHECK” or “SNC Patient”). This optional function is toggled on by default upon software installation, and automatically increases the user-defined dose percent difference (%Diff) tolerance for each planar dose comparison. Methods: Dose planes from 109 IMRT fields and 40 VMAT arcs were measured with the MapCHECK 2 diode array, and compared to calculated planes from a commercial treatment planning system. Pass rates were calculated within the SNC analytic software using varying calculation parameters, including Measurement Uncertainty onmore » and off. By varying the %Diff criterion for each dose comparison performed with Measurement Uncertainty turned off, an effective %Diff criterion was defined for each field/arc corresponding to the pass rate achieved with MapCHECK Uncertainty turned on. Results: For 3%/3mm analysis, the Measurement Uncertainty function increases the user-defined %Diff by 0.8–1.1% average, depending on plan type and calculation technique, for an average pass rate increase of 1.0–3.5% (maximum +8.7%). For 2%, 2 mm analysis, the Measurement Uncertainty function increases the user-defined %Diff by 0.7–1.2% average, for an average pass rate increase of 3.5–8.1% (maximum +14.2%). The largest increases in pass rate are generally seen with poorly-matched planar dose comparisons; the MapCHECK Uncertainty effect is markedly smaller as pass rates approach 100%. Conclusion: The Measurement Uncertainty function may substantially inflate planar dose comparison pass rates for typical IMRT and VMAT planes. The types of uncertainties incorporated into the function (and their associated quantitative estimates) as described in the software user’s manual may not accurately estimate realistic measurement uncertainty for the user’s measurement conditions. Pass rates listed in

  6. The Use of Peer Tutoring to Improve the Passing Rates in Mathematics Placement Exams of Engineering Students: A Success Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García, Rolando; Morales, Juan C.; Rivera, Gloribel

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a highly successful peer tutoring program that has resulted in an improvement in the passing rates of mathematics placement exams from 16% to 42%, on average. Statistical analyses were conducted using a Chi-Squared (?[superscript 2]) test for independence and the results were statistically significant (p-value much less than…

  7. Stated Briefly: Participation and Pass Rates for College Preparatory Transition Courses in Kentucky. REL 2015-060

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cramer, Eric; Mokher, Christine

    2015-01-01

    This study examines Kentucky high school students' participation and pass rates in college preparatory transition courses, voluntary remedial courses in math and reading offered to grade 12 students. These courses are targeted to students scoring just below the state's college readiness benchmarks on the ACT in grade 11. The study found that:…

  8. Study of impacts of different evaluation criteria on gamma pass rates in VMAT QA using MatriXX and EPID

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noufal, Manthala Padannayil; Abdullah, Kallikuzhiyil Kochunny; Niyas, Puzhakkal; Subha, Pallimanhayil Abdul Raheem

    2017-12-01

    Aim: This study evaluates the impacts of using different evaluation criteria on gamma pass rates in two commercially available QA methods employed for the verification of VMAT plans using different hypothetical planning target volumes (PTVs) and anatomical regions. Introduction: Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a widely accepted technique to deliver highly conformal treatment in a very efficient manner. As their level of complexity is high in comparison to intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), the implementation of stringent quality assurance (QA) before treatment delivery is of paramount importance. Material and Methods: Two sets of VMAT plans were generated using Eclipse planning systems, one with five different complex hypothetical three-dimensional PTVs and one including three anatomical regions. The verification of these plans was performed using a MatriXX ionization chamber array embedded inside a MultiCube phantom and a Varian EPID dosimetric system attached to a Clinac iX. The plans were evaluated based on the 3%/3 mm, 2%/2 mm, and 1%/1 mm global gamma criteria and with three low-dose threshold values (0%, 10%, and 20%). Results: The gamma pass rates were above 95% in all VMAT plans, when the 3%/3mm gamma criterion was used and no threshold was applied. In both systems, the pass rates decreased as the criteria become stricter. Higher pass rates were observed when no threshold was applied and they tended to decrease for 10% and 20% thresholds. Conclusion: The results confirm the suitability of the equipments used and the validity of the plans. The study also confirmed that the threshold settings greatly affect the gamma pass rates, especially for lower gamma criteria.

  9. SU-E-T-472: Improvement of IMRT QA Passing Rate by Correcting Angular Dependence of MatriXX

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Q; Watkins, W; Kim, T

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Multi-channel planar detector arrays utilized for IMRT-QA, such as the MatriXX, exhibit an incident-beam angular dependent response which can Result in false-positive gamma-based QA results, especially for helical tomotherapy plans which encompass the full range of beam angles. Although MatriXX can use with gantry angle sensor to provide automatically angular correction, this sensor does not work with tomotherapy. The purpose of the study is to reduce IMRT-QA false-positives by correcting for the MatriXX angular dependence. Methods: MatriXX angular dependence was characterized by comparing multiple fixed-angle irradiation measurements with corresponding TPS computed doses. For 81 Tomo-helical IMRT-QA measurements, two differentmore » correction schemes were tested: (1) A Monte-Carlo dose engine was used to compute MatriXX signal based on the angular-response curve. The computed signal was then compared with measurement. (2) Uncorrected computed signal was compared with measurements uniformly scaled to account for the average angular dependence. Three scaling factor (+2%, +2.5%, +3%) were tested. Results: The MatriXX response is 8% less than predicted for a PA beam even when the couch is fully accounted for. Without angular correction, only 67% of the cases pass the >90% points γ<1 (3%, 3mm). After full angular correction, 96% of the cases pass the criteria. Of three scaling factors, +2% gave the highest passing rate (89%), which is still less than the full angular correction method. With a stricter γ(2%,3mm) criteria, the full angular correction method was still able to achieve the 90% passing rate while the scaling method only gives 53% passing rate. Conclusion: Correction for the MatriXX angular dependence reduced the false-positives rate of our IMRT-QA process. It is necessary to correct for the angular dependence to achieve the IMRT passing criteria specified in TG129.« less

  10. Common attributes of high/low performing general surgery programs as they relate to QE/CE pass rates.

    PubMed

    Bankhead-Kendall, Brittany; Slama, Eliza; Truitt, Michael S

    2016-12-01

    This comparative study aims to identify the differences between high and low performing programs as defined by their ABS board pass rates. We identified programs in the top 5% (TP) and lower 5% (LP) for 1st time QE/CE pass rates during the study period with resident and program related variables. All data was pooled and analyzed. TP had more U.S. graduates, higher average USMLE Step 1/2 scores, and all residents took the exam within a year of graduation. TP were more likely to rotate at a Level 1 trauma center, spent more time with simulation, and had numerous fellowship programs. They ascribed their success to mock oral exams, mature curricula, and group educational activities. Graduates of TP chose general surgery twice as often (40% vs 19%). Program related factors (Level 1 trauma, excellent didactics, higher number of fellowships, increased group educational activities, higher percentage of graduates into general surgery) are associated with TP. Our data suggests there may be modifiable program related variables that positively impact QE/CE pass rates. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Undergraduate educational environment, perceived preparedness for postgraduate clinical training, and pass rate on the National Medical Licensure Examination in Japan.

    PubMed

    Tokuda, Yasuharu; Goto, Eiji; Otaki, Junji; Jacobs, Joshua; Omata, Fumio; Obara, Haruo; Shapiro, Mina; Soejima, Kumiko; Ishida, Yasushi; Ohde, Sachiko; Takahashi, Osamu; Fukui, Tsuguya

    2010-05-20

    We investigated the views of newly graduating physicians on their preparedness for postgraduate clinical training, and evaluated the relationship of preparedness with the educational environment and the pass rate on the National Medical Licensure Examination (NMLE). Data were obtained from 2429 PGY-1 physicians-in-training (response rate, 36%) using a mailed cross-sectional survey. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) inventory was used to assess the learning environment at 80 Japanese medical schools. Preparedness was assessed based on 6 clinical areas related to the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire. Only 17% of the physicians-in-training felt prepared in the area of general clinical skills, 29% in basic knowledge of diagnosis and management of common conditions, 48% in communication skills, 19% in skills associated with evidence-based medicine, 54% in professionalism, and 37% in basic skills required for a physical examination. There were substantial differences among the medical schools in the perceived preparedness of their graduates. Significant positive correlations were found between preparedness for all clinical areas and a better educational environment (all p < 0.01), but there were no significant associations between the pass rate on the NMLE and perceived preparedness for any clinical area, as well as pass rate and educational environment (all p > 0.05). Different educational environments among universities may be partly responsible for the differences in perceived preparedness of medical students for postgraduate clinical training. This study also highlights the poor correlation between self-assessed preparedness for practice and the NMLE.

  12. Undergraduate educational environment, perceived preparedness for postgraduate clinical training, and pass rate on the National Medical Licensure Examination in Japan

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background We investigated the views of newly graduating physicians on their preparedness for postgraduate clinical training, and evaluated the relationship of preparedness with the educational environment and the pass rate on the National Medical Licensure Examination (NMLE). Methods Data were obtained from 2429 PGY-1 physicians-in-training (response rate, 36%) using a mailed cross-sectional survey. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) inventory was used to assess the learning environment at 80 Japanese medical schools. Preparedness was assessed based on 6 clinical areas related to the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire. Results Only 17% of the physicians-in-training felt prepared in the area of general clinical skills, 29% in basic knowledge of diagnosis and management of common conditions, 48% in communication skills, 19% in skills associated with evidence-based medicine, 54% in professionalism, and 37% in basic skills required for a physical examination. There were substantial differences among the medical schools in the perceived preparedness of their graduates. Significant positive correlations were found between preparedness for all clinical areas and a better educational environment (all p < 0.01), but there were no significant associations between the pass rate on the NMLE and perceived preparedness for any clinical area, as well as pass rate and educational environment (all p > 0.05). Conclusion Different educational environments among universities may be partly responsible for the differences in perceived preparedness of medical students for postgraduate clinical training. This study also highlights the poor correlation between self-assessed preparedness for practice and the NMLE. PMID:20487536

  13. Single-pass high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and photon flux

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hädrich, Steffen; Rothhardt, Jan; Krebs, Manuel; Demmler, Stefan; Klenke, Arno; Tünnermann, Andreas; Limpert, Jens

    2016-09-01

    Sources of short wavelength radiation with femtosecond to attosecond pulse durations, such as synchrotrons or free electron lasers, have already made possible numerous, and will facilitate more, seminal studies aimed at understanding atomic and molecular processes on fundamental length and time scales. Table-top sources of coherent extreme ultraviolet to soft x-ray radiation enabled by high harmonic generation (HHG) of ultrashort pulse lasers have also gained significant attention in the last few years due to their enormous potential for addressing a plethora of applications, therefore constituting a complementary source to large-scale facilities (synchrotrons and free electron lasers). Ti:sapphire based laser systems have been the workhorses for HHG for decades, but are limited in repetition rate and average power. On the other hand, it has been widely recognized that fostering applications in fields such as photoelectron spectroscopy and microscopy, coincidence detection, coherent diffractive imaging and frequency metrology requires a high repetition rate and high photon flux HHG sources. In this article we will review recent developments in realizing the demanding requirement of producing a high photon flux and repetition rate at the same time. Particular emphasis will be put on suitable ultrashort pulse and high average power lasers, which directly drive harmonic generation without the need for external enhancement cavities. To this end we describe two complementary schemes that have been successfully employed for high power fiber lasers, i.e. optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers and nonlinear pulse compression. Moreover, the issue of phase-matching in tight focusing geometries will be discussed and connected to recent experiments. We will highlight the latest results in fiber laser driven high harmonic generation that currently produce the highest photon flux of all existing sources. In addition, we demonstrate the first promising applications and

  14. Variation of the energy release rate as a crack approaches and passes through an elastic inclusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Rongshun; Chudnovsky, A.

    1993-02-01

    The variation of the energy release rate (ERP) at the tip of a crack penetrating an elastic inclusion is analyzed using an approach involving modeling the random array of microcracks or other defects by an elastic inclusion with effective elastic properties. Computations are carried out using a finite element procedure. The eight-noded isoparametric serendipity element with the shift of the midpoint to the quarter-point is used to simulate the singularity at the crack tip, and the crack growth is accommodated by implementing a mesh regeneration technique. The ERP values were calculated for various crack tip positions which simulate the process of the crack approaching and penetrating the inclusion.

  15. Variation of the energy release rate as a crack approaches and passes through an elastic inclusion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, Rongshun; Chudnovsky, A.

    1993-01-01

    The variation of the energy release rate (ERP) at the tip of a crack penetrating an elastic inclusion is analyzed using an approach involving modeling the random array of microcracks or other defects by an elastic inclusion with effective elastic properties. Computations are carried out using a finite element procedure. The eight-noded isoparametric serendipity element with the shift of the midpoint to the quarter-point is used to simulate the singularity at the crack tip, and the crack growth is accommodated by implementing a mesh regeneration technique. The ERP values were calculated for various crack tip positions which simulate the process of the crack approaching and penetrating the inclusion.

  16. Polymer gel dosimeters for pretreatment radiotherapy verification using the three-dimensional gamma evaluation and pass rate maps.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Ling-Ling; Shieh, Jiunn-I; Wei, Li-Ju; Wang, Yi-Chun; Cheng, Kai-Yuan; Shih, Cheng-Ting

    2017-05-01

    Polymer gel dosimeters (PGDs) have been widely studied for use in the pretreatment verification of clinical radiation therapy. However, the readability of PGDs in three-dimensional (3D) dosimetry remain unclear. In this study, the pretreatment verifications of clinical radiation therapy were performed using an N-isopropyl-acrylamide (NIPAM) PGD, and the results were used to evaluate the performance of the NIPAM PGD on 3D dose measurement. A gel phantom was used to measure the dose distribution of a clinical case of intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed for dose readouts. The measured dose volumes were compared with the planned dose volume. The relative volume histograms showed that relative volumes with a negative percent dose difference decreased as time elapsed. Furthermore, the histograms revealed few changes after 24h postirradiation. For the 3%/3mm and 2%/2mm criteria, the pass rates of the 12- and 24-h dose volumes were higher than 95%, respectively. This study thus concludes that the pass rate map can be used to evaluate the dose-temporal readability of PGDs and that the NIPAM PGD can be used for clinical pretreatment verifications. Copyright © 2017 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Program Exit Examinations in Nursing Education: Using a Value Added Assessment as a Measure of the Impact of a New Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Tama; Hancock, Dawson

    2008-01-01

    To become a registered nurse in the United States, one must pass the National Council License Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). To address the growing national nursing shortage, nurse preparation programs must better prepare students to pass this national licensure examination. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a new…

  18. Hispanic High School Graduates Pass Whites in Rate of College Enrollment: High School Drop-out Rate at Record Low

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Richard; Taylor, Paul

    2013-01-01

    A record seven-in-ten (69%) Hispanic high school graduates in the class of 2012 enrolled in college that fall, two percentage points higher than the rate (67%) among their white counterparts, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. This milestone is the result of a long-term increase in Hispanic…

  19. A Statistical Comparison of First Time Praxis II Pass Rates between Homegrown 4 Year Students and Transfer Students of a Medium Size Suburban University: A Six Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Jason Edward, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    In order to meet the federal mandate specified by the No Child Left Behind Act to demonstrate content competency for teaching certification, students must pass a written examination. Missouri and 37 other states chose the Praxis II to satisfy requirements. Presently, schools of education advertise the passing rate of the Praxis II as 100%, since…

  20. The Thurgood Marshall School of Law Empirical Findings: A Report of the Correlational Analysis of Bar Passing Rates and Final GPA of Years 2005-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kadhi, T.; Holley, D.; Palasota, A.; Garrison, P.; Green, T.

    2010-01-01

    The following analysis was done to investigate the findings of the Correlational Relationship (R) between the Bar Passing Rates and GPAs of the Years 2005-2009. This report of findings was done to see if there are any significant relationships between the three variables (Bar Pass/Fail/Unknown, Overall GPA, and Bar GPA). The following procedures…

  1. Holocene Geologic Slip Rate for the Banning Strand of the Southern San Andreas Fault near San Gorgonio Pass, Southern California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gold, P. O.; Behr, W. M.; Rood, D. H.; Kendrick, K. J.; Rockwell, T. K.; Sharp, W. D.

    2014-12-01

    We present the first Holocene geologic slip rate for the Banning strand of the southern San Andreas Fault in southern California. The southern San Andreas Fault splays into the sub-parallel Banning and Mission Creek strands in the northwestern Coachella Valley, and although it has long been surmised that the Banning strand eventually accommodates the majority of displacement and transfers it into San Gorgonio Pass, until now it has been uncertain how slip is actually partitioned between these two fault strands. Our new slip rate measurement, critically located at the northwestern end of the Banning strand, overlaps within errors with the published rate for the southern San Andreas Fault measured at Biskra Palms Oasis. This indicates that the majority of southern San Andreas Fault displacement transfers from the southeastern Mission Creek strand northwest to the Banning strand and into San Gorgonio Pass. Our result corroborates the UCERF3 hazard model, and is consistent with most previous interpretations of how slip is partitioned between the Banning and Mission Creek fault strands. To measure this slip rate, we used B4 airborne LiDAR to identify the apex of an alluvial fan offset laterally 30 ± 5 m from its source. We calculated the depositional age of the fan using 10Be in-situ cosmogenic exposure dating of 5 cobbles and a depth profile. We calculated a most probable fan age of 4.0 +2.0/-1.6 ka (1σ) by combining the inheritance-corrected cobble ages assuming Gaussian uncertainty. However, the probability density function yielded a multi-peaked distribution, which we attribute to variable 10Be inheritance in the cobbles, so we favor the depth profile age of 2.2-3.6 ka. Combined, these measurements yield a late Holocene slip rate for the Banning strand of the southern San Andreas Fault of 11.1 +3.1/-3.3 mm/yr. This slip rate does not preclude possibility that some slip transfers north along the Mission Creek strand and the Garnet Hill fault, but it does confirm

  2. Effect of first-encounter pretest on pass/fail rates of a clinical skills medical licensure examination.

    PubMed

    Roberts, William L; McKinley, Danette W; Boulet, John R

    2010-05-01

    Due to the high-stakes nature of medical exams it is prudent for test agencies to critically evaluate test data and control for potential threats to validity. For the typical multiple station performance assessments used in medicine, it may take time for examinees to become comfortable with the test format and administrative protocol. Since each examinee in the rotational sequence starts with a different task (e.g., simulated clinical encounter), those who are administered non-scored pretest material on their first station may have an advantage compared to those who are not. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether pass/fail rates are different across the sequence of pretest encounters administered during the testing day. First-time takers were grouped by the sequential order in which they were administered the pretest encounter. No statistically significant difference in fail rates was found between examinees who started with the pretest encounter and those who encountered the pretest encounter later in the sequence. Results indicate that current examination administration protocols do not present a threat to the validity of test score interpretations.

  3. The Effect of Classroom and Clinical Learning Approaches on Academic Achievement in Associate Degree Nursing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrick, Jo Anne

    2010-01-01

    While many students compete aggressively to enter into nursing schools, those who succeed have no guarantee they will be successful in their nursing studies, graduating, and passing the National Council Licensing Exam for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN[R]). This study's objective was to gain a better understanding of how nursing students approach…

  4. Simulation: The Effects of Simulation on High Stakes Testing in Undergradute Nursing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Many nursing programs use standardized testing packages in order to evaluate students' content mastery as well as predict probability of passing the National Council Licensure for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Instead of a diagnosis for weak content areas, programs implement testing policies in the belief that such policies ensure student success…

  5. Use of exit examinations: a criterion for graduation?

    PubMed

    Cullen, P D

    1997-01-01

    This study sought to measure the use of exit examinations in nursing schools at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU). Fifteen participants from HBCU nursing schools throughout the United States were surveyed to determine current practices related to exit exams. Overall, fourteen schools (93.33%) used an exit exam at the end of their nursing program. However, 73.33% of the participants (11 schools) reported it was mandatory for students to pass the exam as a requirement for graduation. Almost 47% of the participants (7 schools) reported the use of the exit exam was related to NCLEX-RN pass rates, while others reported identification of student needs as the primary reason for using an exit exam. Most participants were very helpful by sharing their innovations. While this small study provided some information on the use of exit examinations, more research is needed to substantiate both the appropriateness and usefulness of their use in baccalaureate degree nursing programs.

  6. Sequential Participation in a Multi-Institutional Mock Oral Examination Is Associated With Improved American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination First-Time Pass Rate.

    PubMed

    Fingeret, Abbey L; Arnell, Tracey; McNelis, John; Statter, Mindy; Dresner, Lisa; Widmann, Warren

    We sought to determine whether sequential participation in a multi-institutional mock oral examination affected the likelihood of passing the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination (ABSCE) in first attempt. Residents from 3 academic medical centers were able to participate in a regional mock oral examination in the fall and spring of their fourth and fifth postgraduate year from 2011 to 2014. Candidate׳s highest composite score of all mock orals attempts was classified as risk for failure, intermediate, or likely to pass. Factors including United States Medical Licensing Examination steps 1, 2, and 3, number of cases logged, American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination performance, American Board of Surgery Qualifying Examination (ABSQE) performance, number of attempts, and performance in the mock orals were assessed to determine factors predictive of passing the ABSCE. A total of 128 mock oral examinations were administered to 88 (71%) of 124 eligible residents. The overall first-time pass rate for the ABSCE was 82%. There was no difference in pass rates between participants and nonparticipants. Of them, 16 (18%) residents were classified as at risk, 47 (53%) as intermediate, and 25 (29%) as likely to pass. ABSCE pass rate for each group was as follows: 36% for at risk, 84% for intermediate, and 96% for likely pass. The following 4 factors were associated with first-time passing of ABSCE on bivariate analysis: mock orals participation in postgraduate year 4 (p = 0.05), sequential participation in mock orals (p = 0.03), ABSQE performance (p = 0.01), and best performance on mock orals (p = 0.001). In multivariable logistic regression, the following 3 factors remained associated with ABSCE passing: ABSQE performance, odds ratio (OR) = 2.9 (95% CI: 1.3-6.1); mock orals best performance, OR = 1.7 (1.2-2.4); and participation in multiple mock oral examinations, OR = 1.4 (1.1-2.7). Performance on a multi-institutional mock oral examination can identify

  7. Do Differences in Programmatic Resource Investments Result in Different 3-Year Pass Rates on the U.S. National Physical Therapy Examination?

    PubMed

    Covington, Kyle; McCallum, Christine; Engelhard, Chalee; Landry, Michel D; Cook, Chad

    2016-01-01

    The rising cost of health professions education is well documented and a growing concern among educators; however, little is known about the implications of resource investment on student success. The objective of this study was to determine whether programs with higher National Physical Therapist Exam (NPTE) pass rates invested significantly more on programmatic resources. This observational study used data from the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education's (CAPTE) Annual Accreditation Report including all accredited physical therapist programs from the United States who graduated physical therapist students in 2011. Resource expenditures were recorded as both raw and as an index variable (resources per student). Descriptive statistics and comparisons (using chi-square and t-tests) among programs with <100% and 100% pass rates were analyzed from 2009-2011. An ANCOVA was used to determine differences in raw resource expenditures and resource expenditures per student. There were no differences in raw resource expenditures between programs with <100% and 100% pass rates. Programs with 100% pass rates were provided more resource expenditures per student for personnel, overall budget, and core faculty. The results of this study suggest programs with 100% pass rates invested significantly more per student for selected resources.

  8. An Analysis of Programmatic Variables Relating to the Pass Rates on the Licensure Examination by Practical Nurses in Tennessee Technology Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Janis Lee

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative research study was to determine the degree to which Licensed Practical Nursing programmatic variables positively correlate with select Tennessee Technology Center institution pass rates on the licensure examination--NCLEX-PNRTM. This study investigated the relationship between the dependent variable of NCLEX-PNRTM…

  9. Collaborative Behaviors Practiced by Teachers and Their Administrators Resulting in Increased California High School Exit Exam Pass Rates for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, Katherine E.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose. The purpose of this replication study was to describe the extent to which seven collaborative behaviors were demonstrated by general education teachers assigned students with disabilities, education specialists, and their administrators in selected California high schools that exceeded the state average pass rate for 10th-grade students…

  10. Effect of School Electrification on Learning Outcomes: A Subnational Level Analysis of Students' Pass Rate in English and Mathematics in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamba, Clement

    2018-01-01

    The paper used district level students' pass rate in a nationally conducted basic education certification examination to assess the effect of school electrification on learning outcomes. The results show that school electrification in addition to the traditional school-level inputs, such as class size, pupil-teacher ratio, ratio of core textbook…

  11. A Crisis in Competency: The Strategic and Ethical Imperative to Assessing New Graduate Nurses' Clinical Reasoning.

    PubMed

    Kavanagh, Joan M; Szweda, Christine

    The aim of the study was to assess entry-level competency and practice readiness of newly graduated nurses. Literature on success of new graduates focuses primarily on National Council of State Boards of Nursing Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN) pass rates, creating a false and incomplete picture of practice readiness. Posthire and prestart Performance-Based Development System assessments were administered to more than 5,000 newly graduated nurses at a large midwestern academic medical center between July 2010 and July 2015. Aggregate baseline data indicate that only 23 percent of newly graduated nurses demonstrate entry-level competencies and practice readiness. New data suggest that we are losing ground in the quest for entry-level competency. Graduates often are underprepared to operate in the complex field of professional practice where increased patient acuity and decreased length of stay, coupled with a lack of deep learning in our academic nursing programs, have exacerbated a crisis in competency.

  12. An Innovative Academic Progression in Nursing Model in New York State.

    PubMed

    Markowitz, Marianne; Bastable, Susan B

    2017-05-01

    The Dual Degree Partnership in Nursing (DDPN) is a unique articulation model created in 2005 between two nursing programs that provides a seamless pathway for students to earn both an associate's degree and a bachelor's degree in nursing while benefiting from the strengths of each program. Archival data has been systematically collected for a decade on admission, progression, retention, satisfaction, graduation, and NCLEX-RN pass rates to measure the reliability, validity, and integrity of this DDPN model for nursing education. The findings demonstrate consistent performance and positive outcomes on all factors measured, which have been benchmarked against available state and national results. This innovative approach to academic progression in nursing is replicable and serves as a prototype to educate more nurses at the baccalaureate level, which directly contributes to the Institute of Medicine's goal of 80% of RNs having a minimum of a bachelor's degree by 2020. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(5):266-273.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  13. Hybrid: Passing

    Science.gov Websites

    accelerating or when additional power is needed, the gasoline engine and electric motor are both used to propel . The car is passing another vehicle. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the battery to the electric engine to the front wheels. Main

  14. Impact of one-to-one tutoring on fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) passing rate in a single center experience outside the United States: a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Gheza, Federico; Raimondi, Paolo; Solaini, Leonardo; Coccolini, Federico; Baiocchi, Gian Luca; Portolani, Nazario; Tiberio, Guido Alberto Massimo

    2018-04-11

    Outside the US, FLS certification is not required and its teaching methods are not well standardized. Even if the FLS was designed as "stand alone" training system, most of Academic Institution offer support to residents during training. We present the first systematic application of FLS in Italy. Our aim was to evaluate the role of mentoring/coaching on FLS training in terms of the passing rate and global performance in the search for resource optimization. Sixty residents in general surgery, obstetrics & gynecology, and urology were selected to be enrolled in a randomized controlled trial, practicing FLS with the goal of passing a simulated final exam. The control group practiced exclusively with video material from SAGES, whereas the interventional group was supported by a mentor. Forty-six subjects met the requirements and completed the trial. For the other 14 subjects no results are available for comparison. One subject for each group failed the exam, resulting in a passing rate of 95.7%, with no obvious differences between groups. Subgroup analysis did not reveal any difference between the groups for FLS tasks. We confirm that methods other than video instruction and deliberate FLS practice are not essential to pass the final exam. Based on these results, we suggest the introduction of the FLS system even where a trained tutor is not available. This trial is the first single institution application of the FLS in Italy and one of the few experiences outside the US. Trial Number: NCT02486575 ( https://www.clinicaltrials.gov ).

  15. Holocene slip rates along the San Andreas Fault System in the San Gorgonio Pass and implications for large earthquakes in southern California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heermance, Richard V.; Yule, Doug

    2017-06-01

    The San Gorgonio Pass (SGP) in southern California contains a 40 km long region of structural complexity where the San Andreas Fault (SAF) bifurcates into a series of oblique-slip faults with unknown slip history. We combine new 10Be exposure ages (Qt4: 8600 (+2100, -2200) and Qt3: 5700 (+1400, -1900) years B.P.) and a radiocarbon age (1260 ± 60 years B.P.) from late Holocene terraces with scarp displacement of these surfaces to document a Holocene slip rate of 5.7 (+2.7, -1.5) mm/yr combined across two faults. Our preferred slip rate is 37-49% of the average slip rates along the SAF outside the SGP (i.e., Coachella Valley and San Bernardino sections) and implies that strain is transferred off the SAF in this area. Earthquakes here most likely occur in very large, throughgoing SAF events at a lower recurrence than elsewhere on the SAF, so that only approximately one third of SAF ruptures penetrate or originate in the pass.Plain Language SummaryHow large are earthquakes on the southern San Andreas Fault? The answer to this question depends on whether or not the earthquake is contained only along individual fault sections, such as the Coachella Valley section north of Palm Springs, or the rupture crosses multiple sections including the area through the San Gorgonio <span class="hlt">Pass</span>. We have determined the age and offset of faulted stream deposits within the San Gorgonio <span class="hlt">Pass</span> to document slip <span class="hlt">rates</span> of these faults over the last 10,000 years. Our results indicate a long-term slip <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 6 mm/yr, which is almost 1/2 of the <span class="hlt">rates</span> east and west of this area. These new <span class="hlt">rates</span>, combined with faulted geomorphic surfaces, imply that large magnitude earthquakes must occasionally rupture a 300 km length of the San Andreas Fault from the Salton Sea to the Mojave Desert. Although many ( 65%) earthquakes along the southern San Andreas Fault likely do not rupture through the <span class="hlt">pass</span>, our new results suggest that large >Mw 7.5 earthquakes are possible</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22955903','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22955903"><span><span class="hlt">Rate</span>-distortion analysis of dead-zone plus uniform threshold scalar quantization and its application--part II: two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> VBR coding for H.264/AVC.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sun, Jun; Duan, Yizhou; Li, Jiangtao; Liu, Jiaying; Guo, Zongming</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>In the first part of this paper, we derive a source model describing the relationship between the <span class="hlt">rate</span>, distortion, and quantization steps of the dead-zone plus uniform threshold scalar quantizers with nearly uniform reconstruction quantizers for generalized Gaussian distribution. This source model consists of <span class="hlt">rate</span>-quantization, distortion-quantization (D-Q), and distortion-<span class="hlt">rate</span> (D-R) models. In this part, we first rigorously confirm the accuracy of the proposed source model by comparing the calculated results with the coding data of JM 16.0. Efficient parameter estimation strategies are then developed to better employ this source model in our two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> control method for H.264 variable bit <span class="hlt">rate</span> coding. Based on our D-Q and D-R models, the proposed method is of high stability, low complexity and is easy to implement. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed method achieves: 1) average peak signal-to-noise ratio variance of only 0.0658 dB, compared to 1.8758 dB of JM 16.0's method, with an average <span class="hlt">rate</span> control error of 1.95% and 2) significant improvement in smoothing the video quality compared with the latest two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> control method.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27064943','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27064943"><span>Attrition and success <span class="hlt">rates</span> of accelerated students in nursing courses: a systematic review.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Doggrell, Sheila Anne; Schaffer, Sally</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>There is a comprehensive literature on the academic outcomes (attrition and success) of students in traditional/baccalaureate nursing programs, but much less is known about the academic outcomes of students in accelerated nursing programs. The aim of this systematic review is to report on the attrition and success <span class="hlt">rates</span> (either internal examination or <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>) of accelerated students, compared to traditional students. For the systematic review, the databases (Pubmed, Cinahl and PsychINFO) and Google Scholar were searched using the search terms 'accelerated' or 'accreditation for prior learning', 'fast-track' or 'top up' and 'nursing' with 'attrition' or 'retention' or 'withdrawal' or 'success' from 1994 to January 2016. All relevant articles were included, regardless of quality. The findings of 19 studies of attrition <span class="hlt">rates</span> and/or success <span class="hlt">rates</span> for accelerated students are reported. For international accelerated students, there were only three studies, which are heterogeneous, and have major limitations. One of three studies has lower attrition <span class="hlt">rates</span>, and one has shown higher success <span class="hlt">rates</span>, than traditional students. In contrast, another study has shown high attrition and low success for international accelerated students. For graduate accelerated students, most of the studies are high quality, and showed that they have <span class="hlt">rates</span> similar or better than traditional students. Thus, five of six studies have shown similar or lower attrition <span class="hlt">rates</span>. Four of these studies with graduate accelerated students and an additional seven studies of success <span class="hlt">rates</span> only, have shown similar or better success <span class="hlt">rates</span>, than traditional students. There are only three studies of non-university graduate accelerated students, and these had weaknesses, but were consistent in reporting higher attrition <span class="hlt">rates</span> than traditional students. The paucity and weakness of information available makes it unclear as to the attrition and/or success of international accelerated students in nursing programs. The</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26480467','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26480467"><span>High-power, high-repetition-<span class="hlt">rate</span> performance characteristics of β-BaB₂O₄ for single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> picosecond ultraviolet generation at 266 nm.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kumar, S Chaitanya; Casals, J Canals; Wei, Junxiong; Ebrahim-Zadeh, M</p> <p>2015-10-19</p> <p>We report a systematic study on the performance characteristics of a high-power, high-repetition-<span class="hlt">rate</span>, picosecond ultraviolet (UV) source at 266 nm based on β-BaB2O4 (BBO). The source, based on single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> fourth harmonic generation (FHG) of a compact Yb-fiber laser in a two-crystal spatial walk-off compensation scheme, generates up to 2.9 W of average power at 266 nm at a pulse repetition <span class="hlt">rate</span> of ~80 MHz with a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FHG efficiency of 35% from the green to UV. Detrimental issues such as thermal effects have been studied and confirmed by performing relevant measurements. Angular and temperature acceptance bandwidths in BBO for FHG to 266 nm are experimentally determined, indicating that the effective interaction length is limited by spatial walk-off and thermal gradients under high-power operation. The origin of dynamic color center formation due to two-photon absorption in BBO is investigated by measurements of intensity-dependent transmission at 266 nm. Using a suitable theoretical model, two-photon absorption coefficients as well as the color center densities have been estimated at different temperatures. The measurements show that the two-photon absorption coefficient in BBO at 266 nm is ~3.5 times lower at 200°C compared to that at room temperature. The long-term power stability as well as beam pointing stability is analyzed at different output power levels and focusing conditions. Using cylindrical optics, we have circularized the generated elliptic UV beam to a circularity of >90%. To our knowledge, this is the first time such high average powers and temperature-dependent two-photon absorption measurements at 266 nm are reported at repetition <span class="hlt">rates</span> as high as ~80 MHz.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1046332','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1046332"><span>Route-Specific Passage Proportions and Survival <span class="hlt">Rates</span> for Fish <span class="hlt">Passing</span> through John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.</p> <p></p> <p>This report fulfills a request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Portland, Oregon, to produce an interim report of estimates of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival <span class="hlt">rates</span> for lower Columbia River dams in 2010 and 2011. The estimates are needed to update the Compass Model for the Columbia River Treaty and the new Biological Opinion before detail technical reports are published in late 2012. This report tabulates route-specific fish-passage proportions and survival <span class="hlt">rates</span> for steelhead and Chinook salmon smolts <span class="hlt">passing</span> through various sampled routes at John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011. Resultsmore » were compiled from analyses of data acquired in spring 2010 and 2011 studies that were specifically designed to estimate dam-passage and forebay-to-tailrace survival <span class="hlt">rates</span>, travel time metrics, and spill passage efficiency, as stipulated by the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion and the Columbia Basin Fish Accords. The study designs allowed for estimation of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival <span class="hlt">rates</span> as well as estimation of forebay-passage survival, all of which are summarized herein.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22545155-su-correlation-study-gamma-passing-rates-prostate-imrt-plans','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22545155-su-correlation-study-gamma-passing-rates-prostate-imrt-plans"><span>SU-E-T-20: A Correlation Study of 2D and 3D Gamma <span class="hlt">Passing</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span> for Prostate IMRT Plans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Zhang, D; Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong; Wang, B</p> <p>2015-06-15</p> <p>Purpose: To investigate the correlation between the two-dimensional gamma <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> (2D %GP) and three-dimensional gamma <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> (3D %GP) in prostate IMRT quality assurance. Methods: Eleven prostate IMRT plans were randomly selected from the clinical database and were used to obtain dose distributions in the phantom and patient. Three types of delivery errors (MLC bank sag errors, central MLC errors and monitor unit errors) were intentionally introduced to modify the clinical plans through an in-house Matlab program. This resulted in 187 modified plans. The 2D %GP and 3D %GP were analyzed using different dose-difference and distance-toagreement (1%-1mm, 2%-2mm andmore » 3%-3mm) and 20% dose threshold. The 2D %GP and 3D %GP were then compared not only for the whole region, but also for the PTVs and critical structures using the statistical Pearson’s correlation coefficient (γ). Results: For different delivery errors, the average comparison of 2D %GP and 3D %GP showed different conclusions. The statistical correlation coefficients between 2D %GP and 3D %GP for the whole dose distribution showed that except for 3%/3mm criterion, 2D %GP and 3D %GP of 1%/1mm criterion and 2%/2mm criterion had strong correlations (Pearson’s γ value >0.8). Compared with the whole region, the correlations of 2D %GP and 3D %GP for PTV were better (the γ value for 1%/1mm, 2%/2mm and 3%/3mm criterion was 0.959, 0.931 and 0.855, respectively). However for the rectum, there was no correlation between 2D %GP and 3D %GP. Conclusion: For prostate IMRT, the correlation between 2D %GP and 3D %GP for the PTV is better than that for normal structures. The lower dose-difference and DTA criterion shows less difference between 2D %GP and 3D %GP. Other factors such as the dosimeter characteristics and TPS algorithm bias may also influence the correlation between 2D %GP and 3D %GP.« less</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");'>3</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li class="active"><span>5</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_5 --> <div id="page_6" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li class="active"><span>6</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="101"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21934516','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21934516"><span>Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography: first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> arterial enhancement as a function of gadolinium-chelate concentration, and the saline chaser volume and injection <span class="hlt">rate</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Husarik, Daniela B; Bashir, Mustafa R; Weber, Paul W; Nichols, Eli B; Howle, Laurens E; Merkle, Elmar M; Nelson, Rendon C</p> <p>2012-02-01</p> <p>To evaluate the effect of the contrast medium (CM) concentration and the saline chaser volume and injection <span class="hlt">rate</span> on first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> aortic enhancement characteristics in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography using a physiologic flow phantom. Imaging was performed on a 3.0-T magnetic resonance system (MAGNETOM Trio, Siemens Healthcare Solutions, Inc, Erlangen, Germany) using a 2-dimensional fast low angle shot T1-weighted sequence (repetition time, 500 milliseconds; echo time, 1.23 milliseconds; flip angle, 8 degrees; 1 frame/s × 60 seconds). The following CM concentrations injected at 2 mL/s were used with 3 different contrast agents (gadolinium [Gd]-BOPTA, Gd-HP-DO3A, Gd-DTPA): 20 mL of undiluted CM (100%) and 80%, 40%, 20%, 10%, 5%, and 2.5% of the full amount, all diluted in saline to a volume of 20 mL to ensure equal bolus volume. The CM was followed by saline chasers of 20 to 60 mL injected at 2 mL/s and 6 mL/s. Aortic signal intensity (SI) was measured, and normalized SI versus time (SI/Tn) curves were generated. The maximal SI (SI(max)), bolus length, and areas under the SI/Tn curve were calculated. Decreasing the CM concentration from 100% to 40% resulted in a decrease of SI(max) to 86.1% (mean). Further decreasing the CM concentration to 2.5% decreased SI(max) to 5.1% (mean). Altering the saline chaser volume had no significant effect on SI(max). Increasing the saline chaser injection <span class="hlt">rate</span> had little effect (mean increase, 2.2%) on SI(max) when using ≥40% of CM. There was a larger effect (mean increase, 19.6%) when ≤20% of CM were used. Bolus time length was significantly shorter (P < 0.001), and area under the SI/T(n) curve was significantly smaller (P < 0.01) for the CM protocols followed by a saline chaser injected at 6 mL/s compared with a saline chaser injected at 2 mL/s. With 40% of CM and a fast saline chaser, SImax close to that with undiluted CM can be achieved. An increased saline chaser injection <span class="hlt">rate</span> has a more pronounced effect on</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25494412','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25494412"><span>Correlation between gamma index <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> and clinical dosimetric difference for pre-treatment 2D and 3D volumetric modulated arc therapy dosimetric verification.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Jin, X; Yan, H; Han, C; Zhou, Y; Yi, J; Xie, C</p> <p>2015-03-01</p> <p>To investigate comparatively the percentage gamma <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> (%GP) of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) pre-treatment volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) dosimetric verification and their correlation and sensitivity with percentage dosimetric errors (%DE). %GP of 2D and 3D pre-treatment VMAT quality assurance (QA) with different acceptance criteria was obtained by ArcCHECK® (Sun Nuclear Corporation, Melbourne, FL) for 20 patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) and 20 patients with oesophageal cancer. %DE were calculated from planned dose-volume histogram (DVH) and patients' predicted DVH calculated by 3DVH® software (Sun Nuclear Corporation). Correlation and sensitivity between %GP and %DE were investigated using Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and receiver operating characteristics (ROCs). Relatively higher %DE on some DVH-based metrics were observed for both patients with NPC and oesophageal cancer. Except for 2%/2 mm criterion, the average %GPs for all patients undergoing VMAT were acceptable with average <span class="hlt">rates</span> of 97.11% ± 1.54% and 97.39% ± 1.37% for 2D and 3D 3%/3 mm criteria, respectively. The number of correlations for 3D was higher than that for 2D (21 vs 8). However, the general correlation was still poor for all the analysed metrics (9 out of 26 for 3D 3%/3 mm criterion). The average area under the curve (AUC) of ROCs was 0.66 ± 0.12 and 0.71 ± 0.21 for 2D and 3D evaluations, respectively. There is a lack of correlation between %GP and %DE for both 2D and 3D pre-treatment VMAT dosimetric evaluation. DVH-based dose metrics evaluation obtained from 3DVH will provide more useful analysis. Correlation and sensitivity of %GP with %DE for VMAT QA were studied for the first time.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4651188','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4651188"><span>Correlation between gamma index <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> and clinical dosimetric difference for pre-treatment 2D and 3D volumetric modulated arc therapy dosimetric verification</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Jin, X; Yan, H; Han, C; Zhou, Y; Yi, J</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Objective: To investigate comparatively the percentage gamma <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> (%GP) of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) pre-treatment volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) dosimetric verification and their correlation and sensitivity with percentage dosimetric errors (%DE). Methods: %GP of 2D and 3D pre-treatment VMAT quality assurance (QA) with different acceptance criteria was obtained by ArcCHECK® (Sun Nuclear Corporation, Melbourne, FL) for 20 patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) and 20 patients with oesophageal cancer. %DE were calculated from planned dose–volume histogram (DVH) and patients' predicted DVH calculated by 3DVH® software (Sun Nuclear Corporation). Correlation and sensitivity between %GP and %DE were investigated using Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and receiver operating characteristics (ROCs). Results: Relatively higher %DE on some DVH-based metrics were observed for both patients with NPC and oesophageal cancer. Except for 2%/2 mm criterion, the average %GPs for all patients undergoing VMAT were acceptable with average <span class="hlt">rates</span> of 97.11% ± 1.54% and 97.39% ± 1.37% for 2D and 3D 3%/3 mm criteria, respectively. The number of correlations for 3D was higher than that for 2D (21 vs 8). However, the general correlation was still poor for all the analysed metrics (9 out of 26 for 3D 3%/3 mm criterion). The average area under the curve (AUC) of ROCs was 0.66 ± 0.12 and 0.71 ± 0.21 for 2D and 3D evaluations, respectively. Conclusions: There is a lack of correlation between %GP and %DE for both 2D and 3D pre-treatment VMAT dosimetric evaluation. DVH-based dose metrics evaluation obtained from 3DVH will provide more useful analysis. Advances in knowledge: Correlation and sensitivity of %GP with %DE for VMAT QA were studied for the first time. PMID:25494412</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5537131','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5537131"><span>Agreement between gamma <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> using computed tomography in radiotherapy and secondary cancer risk prediction from more advanced dose calculated models</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Balosso, Jacques</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Background During the past decades, in radiotherapy, the dose distributions were calculated using density correction methods with pencil beam as type ‘a’ algorithm. The objectives of this study are to assess and evaluate the impact of dose distribution shift on the predicted secondary cancer risk (SCR), using modern advanced dose calculation algorithms, point kernel, as type ‘b’, which consider change in lateral electrons transport. Methods Clinical examples of pediatric cranio-spinal irradiation patients were evaluated. For each case, two radiotherapy treatment plans with were generated using the same prescribed dose to the target resulting in different number of monitor units (MUs) per field. The dose distributions were calculated, respectively, using both algorithms types. A gamma index (γ) analysis was used to compare dose distribution in the lung. The organ equivalent dose (OED) has been calculated with three different models, the linear, the linear-exponential and the plateau dose response curves. The excess absolute risk ratio (EAR) was also evaluated as (EAR = OED type ‘b’ / OED type ‘a’). Results The γ analysis results indicated an acceptable dose distribution agreement of 95% with 3%/3 mm. Although, the γ-maps displayed dose displacement >1 mm around the healthy lungs. Compared to type ‘a’, the OED values from type ‘b’ dose distributions’ were about 8% to 16% higher, leading to an EAR ratio >1, ranged from 1.08 to 1.13 depending on SCR models. Conclusions The shift of dose calculation in radiotherapy, according to the algorithm, can significantly influence the SCR prediction and the plan optimization, since OEDs are calculated from DVH for a specific treatment. The agreement between dose distribution and SCR prediction depends on dose response models and epidemiological data. In addition, the γ <span class="hlt">passing</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> of 3%/3 mm does not translate the difference, up to 15%, in the predictions of SCR resulting from alternative</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19751931','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19751931"><span>Use of aptitude to understand bachelor of science in nursing student attrition and readiness for the National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Newton, Sarah E; Moore, Gary</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Attrition is a serious issue among Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) students with attrition <span class="hlt">rates</span> around 50% nationwide. To help minimize BSN student attrition, many nursing programs use commercially available standardized nursing aptitude tests as adjuncts to scholastic aptitude data, usually operationalized as pre-nursing grade point average, to select students for admission. Little is known regarding the usefulness of scholastic and nursing aptitude data for predicting long-term retention in a BSN program and readiness for the National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the relationships among scholastic aptitude, nursing aptitude, BSN student attrition prior to the final semester of the curriculum, and BSN student readiness for the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>. This study's findings, along with other findings in the literature, suggest the need for a parsimonious explanatory model of BSN student attrition that can be used to guide admission and progression policies, and ensure that students ready for the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> are the ones graduating from BSN programs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=exact+AND+solutions&pg=6&id=ED183613','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=exact+AND+solutions&pg=6&id=ED183613"><span>Establishing <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Scores.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>McLarty, Joyce R.</p> <p></p> <p>The problem of establishing appropriate <span class="hlt">passing</span> scores is one of evaluation rather than estimation and not amenable to exact solution. It must therefore be approached by (1) identifying criteria for judging the acceptability of the <span class="hlt">passing</span> score, (2) collecting the data appropriate to assessing each relevant criterion, and (3) judging how well the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=scrum&pg=2&id=ED121761','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=scrum&pg=2&id=ED121761"><span><span class="hlt">Passing</span> and Catching in Rugby.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Namudu, Mike M.</p> <p></p> <p>This booklet contains the fundamentals for rugby at the primary school level. It deals primarily with <span class="hlt">passing</span> and catching the ball. It contains instructions on (1) holding the ball for <span class="hlt">passing</span>, (2) <span class="hlt">passing</span> the ball to the left--standing, (3) <span class="hlt">passing</span> the ball to the left--running, (4) making a switch <span class="hlt">pass</span>, (5) the scrum half's normal <span class="hlt">pass</span>, (6) the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16648731','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16648731"><span>Use of NCLEX preparation strategies in a hospital orientation program for graduate nurses.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wray, Karen; Whitehead, Tanya; Setter, Robyn; Treas, Leslie</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>This article describes outcomes from the first year of a hospital orientation program for graduate nurses that was expanded to systematize and enrich preparation of graduate nurses for success on the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> licensure examination. The study protocol provided the Assessment Technologies Institute predictor examination to assess risk for licensure examination failure, review materials, and a meeting with an education specialist to identify and prioritize study needs. Those at highest risk for failure were also provided an in-depth written study plan and ongoing follow-up and support until the licensure examination was taken. The study sample consisted of 90 graduate nurses who were hired from May through August of 2005 at the University of Kansas Hospital. The <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> for participants was 86.7% on the first attempt in year 1 of the program. At-risk graduates who reported that the predictor results impacted their study habits and followed the study recommendations were more likely to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the licensure examination. Graduate nurses reported a high level of satisfaction with the support provided. Specific challenges faced by hospital nurse administrators in recruitment and retention and return on investment over a 3-year improvement plan are described.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25851560','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25851560"><span>Laying the Groundwork for NCLEX Success: An Exploration of Adaptive Quizzing as an Examination Preparation Method.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Cox-Davenport, Rebecca A; Phelan, Julia C</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>First-time <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> are an important indicator of nursing school success and quality. Nursing schools use different methods to anticipate NCLEX outcomes and help prevent student failure and possible threat to accreditation. This study evaluated the impact of a shift in NCLEX preparation policy at a BSN program in the southeast United States. The policy shifted from the use of predictor score thresholds to determine graduation eligibility to a more proactive remediation strategy involving adaptive quizzing. A descriptive correlational design evaluated the impact of an adaptive quizzing system designed to give students ongoing active practice and feedback and explored the relationship between predictor examinations and NCLEX success. Data from student usage of the system as well as scores on predictor tests were collected for three student cohorts. Results revealed a positive correlation between adaptive quizzing system usage and content mastery. Two of the 69 students in the sample did not <span class="hlt">pass</span> the NCLEX. With so few students failing the NCLEX, predictability of any course variables could not be determined. The power of predictor examinations to predict NCLEX failure could also not be supported. The most consistent factor among students, however, was their content mastery level within the adaptive quizzing system. Implications of these findings are discussed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22142920','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22142920"><span>Thinking strategically: academic-practice relationships: one health system's experience.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wurmser, Teri; Bliss-Holtz, Jane</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Strategic planning and joint leverage of the strengths inherent in the academic and practice arenas of nursing are imperative to confront the challenges facing the profession of nursing and its place within the healthcare team of the future. This article presents a description and discussion of the implementation of several academic-practice partnership initiatives by Meridian Health, a health system located in central New Jersey. Included in the strategies discussed are creation of a support program for nonprofessional employees to become registered nurses; active partnership in the development of an accelerated BSN program; construction of support systems and academic partnerships for staff participation in RN-to-BSN programs; construction of on-site clinical simulation laboratories to foster interprofessional learning; and the implementation of a new BSN program, the first and only generic BSN program in two counties of the state. Outcomes of these academic-practice partnerships also are presented, including number of participants; graduation and <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span>; MH nurse vacancy <span class="hlt">rates</span>; and nurse retention <span class="hlt">rates</span> after first employment. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=federal+AND+constitution&pg=2&id=EJ637100','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=federal+AND+constitution&pg=2&id=EJ637100"><span>No <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, No Drive?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Zirkel, Perry A.</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>Discusses basis for Kentucky appellate court decision that state's no-<span class="hlt">pass</span>, no-drive statute did not violate due-process and equal-protection clauses of the Kentucky and federal constitutions, but did violate the federal Family Education Rights and Privacy Act, but nevertheless did not invalidate the statute. Explains why the decision is…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.afdc.energy.gov/fueleconomy/animations/hybrids/fullhybrid/fullhybridpassing.html','SCIGOVWS'); return false;" href="https://www.afdc.energy.gov/fueleconomy/animations/hybrids/fullhybrid/fullhybridpassing.html"><span>Full Hybrid: <span class="hlt">Passing</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.science.gov/aboutsearch.html">Science.gov Websites</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>additional power is needed, the gasoline engine and electric motor <em>are</em> both used to propel the vehicle. Go to , power split device, and electric motor visible while <span class="hlt">passing</span> another vehicle. There <em>are</em> purple arrows flowing from the generator to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels. There <em>are</em></p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25262523','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25262523"><span>Study of the damage <span class="hlt">rate</span> caused by intervertebral foramen type inside and outside and the <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the intervertebral DRG RF puncture way.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sun, Jiashu; Zhang, Haitao</p> <p>2014-09-01</p> <p>This paper was to analyze and contrast the damage <span class="hlt">rate</span> on the thoracic segment different position of the dorsal root ganglion(dorsal root ganglion, DRG) caused by different puncture path in radiofrequency ablation, thus the best RF target way for the thoracic segment of different types of DRG was confirmed. According to the difference of puncture and ablation damage way, 14 segmental spinal specimens were randomly divided into three groups, and then conducted DRG radiofrequency damage on percutaneous puncture path according to the type of DRG position.The damage effect of different puncture path by the judgment standard of the result of pathology analyzed. The experiment showed that RF damage of group A were 72.58 ± 18.88%, 54.16 ± 24.84% and 32.85 ± 28.11%; that of group B were 771.86 ± 15.15% and 72.02 ± 17.86%, 57.14 ± 18.02% and 52.47 ± 20.64%, 68.75 ± 14.63% and 71.78 ± 16.00%; and that of group C were 82.46 ± 14.10%, 81.53 ± 11.81% and 80.83 ± 13.33%. It was concluded that the singleness of DRG puncture route is one of the important reasons for the poor thoracic segments DRG radiofrequency (RF) ablation effect. While according to the type of DRG different positions with double joint puncture path can significantly improve the <span class="hlt">rate</span> of DRG RF damage.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983EOSTr..64..114R','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983EOSTr..64..114R"><span>Education Bill <span class="hlt">passes</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Richman, Barbara T.</p> <p></p> <p>On March 2 the U.S. House of Representatives <span class="hlt">passed</span> a bill authorizing $425 million for science and mathematics education in fiscal 1984; the authorization is $350 million more than President Ronald Reagan requested in his budget proposal (Eos, February 15, 1983, p. 65).H.R. 1310 allocates $295 million to the Department of Education not only to improve precollege instruction in science and math, but to beef up foreign language training to aid in improving international communication among scientists. The bill also allots $130 million to the National Science Foundation for a variety of programs, the lion's share of which aims to upgrade research equipment at colleges and universities. It is hoped that industry will match the $100 million targeted for this program.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985EOSTr..66R1232.','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985EOSTr..66R1232."><span>Congress <span class="hlt">passes</span> space year</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>The year 1992 will mark the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus' arrival in America and the 35th anniversary of both the International Geophysical Year and the launch of Sputnik. The U.S. Senate <span class="hlt">passed</span> a joint resolution (S.J.Res. 177) on November 21 recommending that the President endorse an International Space Year (ISY) in 1992. A similar resolution introduced in the House of Representatives was incorporated into the conference report (House Report 99-379) accompanying the authorization bill for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and approved by both houses, also on November 21. As Eos went to press, the NASA authorization bill (H.R. 1714) awaited President Ronald Reagan's signature.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA13605.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA13605.html"><span>Khyber <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Afghanistan-Pakistan</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-11-08</p> <p>The ASTER instrument onboard NASA Terra spacecraft imaged the Khyber <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, a mountain <span class="hlt">pass</span> that links Afghanistan and Pakistan. Throughout its history it has been an important trade route between Central Asia and South Asia.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFMIN11D..05S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFMIN11D..05S"><span>Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> on GPUs</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Stuart, J. A.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>This paper explores the challenges in implementing a message <span class="hlt">passing</span> interface usable on systems with data-parallel processors, and more specifically GPUs. As a case study, we design and implement the ``DCGN'' API on NVIDIA GPUs that is similar to MPI and allows full access to the underlying architecture. We introduce the notion of data-parallel thread-groups as a way to map resources to MPI ranks. We use a method that also allows the data-parallel processors to run autonomously from user-written CPU code. In order to facilitate communication, we use a sleep-based polling system to store and retrieve messages. Unlike previous systems, our method provides both performance and flexibility. By running a test suite of applications with different communication requirements, we find that a tolerable amount of overhead is incurred, somewhere between one and five percent depending on the application, and indicate the locations where this overhead accumulates. We conclude that with innovations in chipsets and drivers, this overhead will be mitigated and provide similar performance to typical CPU-based MPI implementations while providing fully-dynamic communication.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA21645.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA21645.html"><span>A Perijove <span class="hlt">Pass</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2017-05-25</p> <p>This sequence of enhanced-color images shows how quickly the viewing geometry changes for NASA's Juno spacecraft as it swoops by Jupiter. The images were obtained by JunoCam. Once every 53 days the Juno spacecraft swings close to Jupiter, speeding over its clouds. In just two hours, the spacecraft travels from a perch over Jupiter's north pole through its closest approach (perijove), then <span class="hlt">passes</span> over the south pole on its way back out. This sequence shows 14 enhanced-color images. The first image on the left shows the entire half-lit globe of Jupiter, with the north pole approximately in the center. As the spacecraft gets closer to Jupiter, the horizon moves in and the range of visible latitudes shrinks. The third and fourth images in this sequence show the north polar region rotating away from our view while a band of wavy clouds at northern mid-latitudes comes into view. By the fifth image of the sequence the band of turbulent clouds is nicely centered in the image. The seventh and eighth images were taken just before the spacecraft was at its closest point to Jupiter, near Jupiter's equator. Even though these two pictures were taken just four minutes apart, the view is changing quickly. As the spacecraft crossed into the southern hemisphere, the bright "south tropical zone" dominates the ninth, 10th and 11th images. The white ovals in a feature nicknamed Jupiter's "String of Pearls" are visible in the 12th and 13th images. In the 14th image Juno views Jupiter's south poles. https://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA21645</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-18/pdf/2013-24487.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-18/pdf/2013-24487.pdf"><span>78 FR 62344 - Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> LNG, L.P...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-18</p> <p>.... CP13-553-000] Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span>... 30, 2013, Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> LNG, L.P. (collectively referred to as Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span>) filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=steve+AND+jobs&pg=7&id=EJ650846','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=steve+AND+jobs&pg=7&id=EJ650846"><span>Do Not <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Go.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Alexander, Steve</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Discusses the drop-out <span class="hlt">rate</span> from online courses in corporate training programs. Topics include better measures of electronic learning success and return on investment (ROI); a modular approach; course completion needed for certification requirements; and focusing on job performance improvement that results from electronic courses. (LRW)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li class="active"><span>6</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_6 --> <div id="page_7" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="121"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.achp.gov/news0116.html','SCIGOVWS'); return false;" href="http://www.achp.gov/news0116.html"><span>ACHP | News | Legislation <span class="hlt">Passes</span> Senate</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.science.gov/aboutsearch.html">Science.gov Websites</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Search skip specific nav links Home arrow News arrow <em>Legislation</em> <span class="hlt">Passes</span> Senate Secretary Kempthorne continue historic preservation programs founded by each of the past two First Ladies in <em>legislation</em> <span class="hlt">passed</span> Hillary Clinton. "Bipartisan approval of this <em>legislation</em> by an overwhelming margin reflects the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/862815','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/862815"><span>Multiple <span class="hlt">pass</span> laser amplifier system</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Brueckner, Keith A.; Jorna, Siebe; Moncur, N. Kent</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>A laser amplification method for increasing the energy extraction efficiency from laser amplifiers while reducing the energy flux that <span class="hlt">passes</span> through a flux limited system which includes apparatus for decomposing a linearly polarized light beam into multiple components, <span class="hlt">passing</span> the components through an amplifier in delayed time sequence and recombining the amplified components into an in phase linearly polarized beam.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004834','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004834"><span>Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> light amplifier</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Plaessmann, Henry (Inventor); Grossman, William M. (Inventor)</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>A multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span> laser amplifier that uses optical focusing between subsequent <span class="hlt">passes</span> through a single gain medium so that a reproducibly stable beam size is achieved within the gain region. A confocal resonator or White Cell resonator is provided, including two or three curvilinearly shaped mirrors facing each other along a resonator axis and an optical gain medium positioned on the resonator axis between the mirrors (confocal resonator) or adjacent to one of the mirrors (White Cell). In a first embodiment, two mirrors, which may include adjacent lenses, are configured so that a light beam <span class="hlt">passing</span> through the gain medium and incident on the first mirror is reflected by that mirror toward the second mirror in a direction approximately parallel to the resonator axis. A light beam translator, such as an optical flat of transparent material, is positioned to translate this light beam by a controllable amount toward or away from the resonator axis for each <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the light beam through the translator. The optical gain medium may be solid-state, liquid or gaseous medium and may be pumped longitudinally or transversely. In a second embodiment, first and second mirrors face a third mirror in a White Cell configuration, and the optical gain medium is positioned at or adjacent to one of the mirrors. Defocusing means and optical gain medium cooling means are optionally provided with either embodiment, to controllably defocus the light beam, to cool the optical gain medium and to suppress thermal lensing in the gain medium.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA456230','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA456230"><span>North Texas Sediment Budget: Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> to San Luis <span class="hlt">Pass</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2006-09-01</p> <p>concrete units have been placed over sand-filled fabric tube . .......................................33 Figure 28. Sand-filled fabric tubes protecting...system UTM Zone 15, NAD 83 Longshore drift directions King (in preparation) Based on wave hindcast statistics and limited buoy data Rollover <span class="hlt">Pass</span>...along with descriptions of the jetties and limited geographic coordinate data1 (Figure 18). The original velum or Mylar sheets from which the report</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004869','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004869"><span>Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> light amplifier</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Plaessmann, Henry (Inventor); Grossman, William M. (Inventor); Olson, Todd E. (Inventor)</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>A multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span> laser amplifier that uses optical focusing between subsequent <span class="hlt">passes</span> through a single gain medium so that a reproducibly stable beam size is achieved within the gain region. A resonator or a White Cell cavity is provided, including two or more mirrors (planar or curvilinearly shaped) facing each other along a resonator axis and an optical gain medium positioned on a resonator axis between the mirrors or adjacent to one of the mirrors. In a first embodiment, two curvilinear mirrors, which may include adjacent lenses, are configured so that a light beam <span class="hlt">passing</span> through the gain medium and incident on the first mirror is reflected by that mirror toward the second mirror in a direction approximately parallel to the resonator axis. A light beam translator, such as an optical flat of transparent material, is positioned to translate this light beam by a controllable amount toward or away from the resonator axis for each <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the light beam through the translator. A second embodiment uses two curvilinear mirrors and one planar mirror, with a gain medium positioned in the optical path between each curvilinear mirror and the planar mirror. A third embodiment uses two curvilinear mirrors and two planar mirrors, with a gain medium positioned adjacent to a planar mirror. A fourth embodiment uses a curvilinear mirror and three planar mirrors, with a gain medium positioned adjacent to a planar mirror. A fourth embodiment uses four planar mirrors and a focusing lens system, with a gain medium positioned between the four mirrors. A fifth embodiment uses first and second planar mirrors, a focusing lens system and a third mirror that may be planar or curvilinear, with a gain medium positioned adjacent to the third mirror. A sixth embodiment uses two planar mirrors and a curvilinear mirror and a fourth mirror that may be planar or curvilinear, with a gain medium positioned adjacent to the fourth mirror. In a seventh embodiment, first and second mirrors face a third</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16878014','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16878014"><span>Comparison of native versus nonnative English-speaking nurses on critical thinking assessments at entry and exit.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Whitehead, Tanya D</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Diversity of language among healthcare employees and nursing students is growing as diversity increases among the general population. Institutions have begun to develop systems to accommodate diversity and to assimilate workers. One barrier to nonnative English-speaking nurse hires may be posed by readiness for the licensure exam and the critical thinking assessments that are now an expected outcome of nursing programs, and act as a gatekeeper to graduation and to employment. To assist in preparing for high-stakes testing, the Assessment Technologies Institute Critical Thinking Assessment was developed in compliance with credentialing bodies' educational outcomes criteria. This pilot study of 209 nursing students was designed to reveal any possible language bias that might act as a barrier to nonnative English speakers. Nursing students were entered as whole classes to the study to control for selection bias. A sample representative of national nursing enrollment was obtained from 21 universities, with 192 (92%) native English-speaking students and 17 (8%) nonnative English speakers participating in the study. All students were given the Assessment Technologies Institute Critical Thinking Assessment at entry and exit to their nursing program. Average scores on entry were 66% for nonnative speakers and 72% for native speakers. At exit, the nonnative speakers had closed the gap in academic outcomes. They had an average score of 72% compared to 73% for native speakers. The study found that the slight differences between the native and nonnative speakers on 2 exit outcome measures-National Council licensure examination (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>) <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> and Critical Thinking Assessment-were not statistically significant, demonstrating that nonnative English speakers achieved parity with native English-speaking peers on the Critical Thinking Assessment tool, which is often believed to be related to employment readiness.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17501870','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17501870"><span>The Swedish Blood <span class="hlt">Pass</span> project.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Berglund, B; Ekblom, B; Ekblom, E; Berglund, L; Kallner, A; Reinebo, P; Lindeberg, S</p> <p>2007-06-01</p> <p>Manipulation of the blood's oxygen carrying capacity (CaO(2)) through reinfusion of red blood cells, injections of recombinant erythropoietin or by other means results in an increased maximal oxygen uptake and concomitantly enhanced endurance performance. Therefore, there is a need to establish a system--"A Blood <span class="hlt">Pass</span>"--through which such illegal and unethical methods can be detected. Venous blood samples were taken under standardized conditions from 47 male and female Swedish national and international elite endurance athletes four times during the athletic year of the individual sport (beginning and end of the preparation period and at the beginning and during peak performance in the competition period). In these samples, different hematological values were determined. ON(hes) and OFF(hre) values were calculated according to the formula of Gore et al. A questionnaire regarding training at altitude, alcohol use and other important factors for hematological status was answered by the athletes. There were some individual variations comparing hematological values obtained at different times of the athletic year or at the same time in the athletic year but in different years. However, the median values of all individual hematological, ON(hes) and OFF(hre), values taken at the beginning and the end of the preparation or at the beginning and the end of the competition period, respectively, as well as median values for the preparation and competition periods in the respective sport, were all within the 95% confidence limit (CI) of each comparison. It must be mentioned that there was no gender difference in this respect. This study shows that even if there are some individual variations in different hematological values between different sampling times in the athletic year, median values of important hematological factors are stable over time. It must be emphasized that for each blood sample, the 95% CI in each athlete will be increasingly narrower. The conclusion is that</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990EOSTr..71Q.387.','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990EOSTr..71Q.387."><span>Senate <span class="hlt">passes</span> clean air bill</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>In an 89 to 11 vote the Senate <span class="hlt">passed</span> a clean air bill aimed at reducing pollution by the turn of the century by imposing tougher controls on American industry. The bill is the first revision of the Clean Air Act of 1970 in 13 years and calls for new limits on auto pollution to clean up smog in most U.S. cities, decreasing by half emissions by power plants that cause acid rain to protect the ecology, and increasing technological controls on factories to protect against cancer-causing and toxic substances. The bill will add about $20 billion per year to the estimated $33 billion cost of complying with current pollution laws.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/20349','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/20349"><span>Bozeman <span class="hlt">Pass</span> post-fencing wildlife monitoring.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-12-01</p> <p>The Bozeman <span class="hlt">Pass</span> transportation corridor between Bozeman and Livingston, Montana, includes Interstate 90 (I-90), frontage roads, : and a railroad. The highway was a suspected barrier and hazard to animal movement in the Bozeman <span class="hlt">Pass</span> area, which is co...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5940115-thermal-effectiveness-multiple-shell-tube-pass-tema-heat-exchangers','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5940115-thermal-effectiveness-multiple-shell-tube-pass-tema-heat-exchangers"><span>Thermal effectiveness of multiple shell and tube <span class="hlt">pass</span> TEMA E heat exchangers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Pignotti, A.; Tamborenea, P.I.</p> <p>1988-02-01</p> <p>The thermal effectiveness of a TEMAE shell-and-tube heat exchanger, with one shell <span class="hlt">pass</span> and an arbitrary number of tube <span class="hlt">passes</span>, is determined under the usual simplifying assumptions of perfect transverse mixing of the shell fluid, no phase change, and temperature independence of the heat capacity <span class="hlt">rates</span> and the heat transfer coefficient. A purely algebraic solution is obtained for the effectiveness as a functions of the heat capacity <span class="hlt">rate</span> ratio and the number of heat transfer units. The case with M shell <span class="hlt">passes</span> and N tube <span class="hlt">passes</span> is easily expressed in terms of the single-shell-<span class="hlt">pass</span> case.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080005132','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080005132"><span><span class="hlt">Pass</span>-transistor very large scale integration</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Maki, Gary K. (Inventor); Bhatia, Prakash R. (Inventor)</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Logic elements are provided that permit reductions in layout size and avoidance of hazards. Such logic elements may be included in libraries of logic cells. A logical function to be implemented by the logic element is decomposed about logical variables to identify factors corresponding to combinations of the logical variables and their complements. A <span class="hlt">pass</span> transistor network is provided for implementing the <span class="hlt">pass</span> network function in accordance with this decomposition. The <span class="hlt">pass</span> transistor network includes ordered arrangements of <span class="hlt">pass</span> transistors that correspond to the combinations of variables and complements resulting from the logical decomposition. The logic elements may act as selection circuits and be integrated with memory and buffer elements.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018SPJCE..13...29C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018SPJCE..13...29C"><span>Possibilities of the fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> restoration</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Čubanová, Lea</p> <p>2018-03-01</p> <p>According to the new elaborated methodology of the Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic: Identification of the appropriate fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> types according to water body typology (2015) each barrier on the river must be passable. On the barriers or structures without fish <span class="hlt">passes</span> new ones should be design and built and on some water structures with existed but nonfunctional fish <span class="hlt">passes</span> must be realized reconstruction or restoration of such objects. Assessment should be done in terms of the existing migratory fish fauna and hydraulic conditions. Fish fauna requirements resulting from the ichthyological research of the river section with barrier. Hydraulic conditions must than fulfil these requirements inside the fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> body.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=exam+AND+c&pg=4&id=EJ1159358','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=exam+AND+c&pg=4&id=EJ1159358"><span>The Effect of <span class="hlt">Rating</span> Unfamiliar Items on Angoff <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Scores</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Clauser, Jerome C.; Hambleton, Ronald K.; Baldwin, Peter</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>The Angoff standard setting method relies on content experts to review exam items and make judgments about the performance of the minimally proficient examinee. Unfortunately, at times content experts may have gaps in their understanding of specific exam content. These gaps are particularly likely to occur when the content domain is broad and/or…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=jsp&pg=7&id=ED345815','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=jsp&pg=7&id=ED345815"><span><span class="hlt">PASS</span>--Placement/Advisement for Student Success.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Shreve, Chuck; Wildie, Avace</p> <p></p> <p>In 1985-86, Northern Michigan College (NMC) used funds received from the United States Department of Education to develop a system of assessment, advisement, and placement--Placement/Advisement for Student Success (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>), an integrated system designed to improve student retention. <span class="hlt">PASS</span> currently consists of three components: summer orientation,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810000255&hterms=operational+amplifier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Doperational%2Bamplifier','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810000255&hterms=operational+amplifier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Doperational%2Bamplifier"><span>Low-Noise Band-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Amplifier</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Kleinberg, L.</p> <p>1982-01-01</p> <p>Circuit uses standard components to overcome common limitation of JFET amplifiers. Low-noise band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifier employs JFET and operational amplifier. High gain and band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> characteristics are achieved with suitable choice of resistances and capacitances. Circuit should find use as low-noise amplifier, for example as first stage instrumentation systems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19890010082','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19890010082"><span>On sampling band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> signals</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Sadr, R.; Shahshahani, M.</p> <p>1989-01-01</p> <p>Four techniques for uniform sampling of band-bass signals are examined. The in-phase and quadrature components of the band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> signal are computed in terms of the samples of the original band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> signal. The relative implementation merits of these techniques are discussed with reference to the Deep Space Network (DSN).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24591.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24591.pdf"><span>78 FR 62657 - Proposed Information Collection; The Interagency Access <span class="hlt">Pass</span> and Senior <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Application Processes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-22</p> <p>... issued to U.S. citizens or permanent residents who are 62 years or older. There is a $10 fee for the... Information Collection; The Interagency Access <span class="hlt">Pass</span> and Senior <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Application Processes AGENCY: National... Service. The <span class="hlt">passes</span> provide U.S. citizens and visitors an affordable and convenient way to access Federal...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/31040','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/31040"><span>No-<span class="hlt">passing</span> zone system: user's manual.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2016-08-01</p> <p>This Users Manual is intended for traffic engineers and technicians who will be either conducting <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance : measurement runs in the field or processing the collected data in the office. This Users Manual includes: : - A descripti...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/11202','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/11202"><span><span class="hlt">Pass</span> Pricing Demonstration in Cincinnati, OH</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>1984-11-01</p> <p>This report presents an evaluation of the Cincinnati <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Pricing Demonstration. The demonstration, implemented and operated by Queen City Metro in part through a grant from the UMTA Service and Methods Demonstration Program, began in October 1981 an...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf"><span>14 CFR 61.35 - Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span>....35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades. (a) An applicant for a knowledge test must have... part for the certificate or <span class="hlt">rating</span> sought and is prepared for the knowledge test; and (2) Proper...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_7 --> <div id="page_8" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="141"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf"><span>14 CFR 61.35 - Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span>....35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades. (a) An applicant for a knowledge test must have... part for the certificate or <span class="hlt">rating</span> sought and is prepared for the knowledge test; and (2) Proper...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf"><span>14 CFR 61.35 - Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span>....35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades. (a) An applicant for a knowledge test must have... part for the certificate or <span class="hlt">rating</span> sought and is prepared for the knowledge test; and (2) Proper...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApOpt..50.4805K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApOpt..50.4805K"><span>Improved multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span> Raman spectrometer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kc, Utsav; Silver, Joel A.; Hovde, David C.; Varghese, Philip L.</p> <p>2011-08-01</p> <p>An improved Raman gain spectrometer for flame measurements of gas temperature and species concentrations is described. This instrument uses a multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span> optical cell to enhance the incident light intensity in the measurement volume. The Raman signal is 83 times larger than from a single <span class="hlt">pass</span>, and the Raman signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in room-temperature air of 153 is an improvement over that from a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> cell by a factor of 9.3 when the cell is operated with 100 <span class="hlt">passes</span> and the signal is integrated over 20 laser shots. The SNR improvement with the multipass cell is even higher for flame measurements at atmospheric pressure, because detector readout noise is more significant for single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> measurements when the gas density is lower. Raman scattering is collected and dispersed in a spectrograph with a transmission grating and recorded with a fast gated CCD array detector to help eliminate flame interferences. The instrument is used to record spontaneous Raman spectra from N2, CO2, O2, and CO in a methane--air flame. Curve fits of the recorded Raman spectra to detailed simulations of nitrogen spectra are used to determine the flame temperature from the shapes of the spectral signatures and from the ratio of the total intensities of the Stokes and anti-Stokes signals. The temperatures measured are in good agreement with radiation-corrected thermocouple measurements for a range of equivalence ratios.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19780010452','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19780010452"><span>Over-under double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Schindler, R. A. (Inventor)</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>An over-under double <span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometer in which the beamsplitter area and thickness can be reduced to conform only with optical flatness considerations was achieved by offsetting the optical center line of one cat's-eye retroreflector relative to the optical center line of the other in order that one split beam be folded into a plane distinct from the other folded split beam. The beamsplitter is made transparent in one area for a first folded beam to be <span class="hlt">passed</span> to a mirror for doubling back and is made totally reflective in another area for the second folded beam to be reflected to a mirror for doubling back. The two beams thus doubled back are combined in the central, beamsplitting area of the beamsplitting and <span class="hlt">passed</span> to a detector. This makes the beamsplitter insensitive to minimum thickness requirements and selection of material.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004201','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004201"><span>Over-under double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Schindler, Rudolf A. (Inventor)</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>An over-under double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometer in which the beamsplitter area and thickness can be reduced to conform only with optical flatness considerations is achieved by offsetting the optical center line of one cat's-eye retroreflector relative to the optical center line of the other in order that one split beam be folded into a plane distinct from the other folded split beam. The beamsplitter is made transparent in one area for a first folded beam to be <span class="hlt">passed</span> to a mirror for doubling back and is made totally reflective in another area for the second folded beam to be reflected to a mirror for doubling back. The two beams thus doubled back are combined in the central, beam-splitting area of the beamsplitter and <span class="hlt">passed</span> to a detector. This makes the beamsplitter insensitive to minimum-thickness requirements and selection of material.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-06-13/pdf/2013-14061.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-06-13/pdf/2013-14061.pdf"><span>78 FR 35625 - Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Expansion, LLC; Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> LNG, L.P...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-06-13</p> <p>... Pipeline, L.P.: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Planned Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Expansion Project and Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline Expansion Project, Request for Comments on... Expansion Project (SPLE Project) and the Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P. (CCTPL) Chenier Creole Trail...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11293095','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11293095"><span>[<span class="hlt">PASS</span> neurocognitive dysfunction in attention deficit].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Pérez-Alvarez, F; Timoneda-Gallart, C</p> <p></p> <p>Attention deficit disorder shows both cognitive and behavioral patterns. To determine a particular <span class="hlt">PASS</span> (planning, attention, successive and simultaneous) pattern in order to early diagnosis and remediation according to <span class="hlt">PASS</span> theory. 80 patients were selected from the neuropediatric attendance, aged 6 to 12 years old, 55 boys and 25 girls. Inclusion criteria were inattention (80 cases) and inattention with hyperactive symptoms (40 cases) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV). Exclusion criteria were the criteria of phonologic awareness previously reported, considered useful to diagnose dyslexia. A control group of 300 individuals, aged 5 to 12 years old, was used, criteria above mentioned being controlled. DN:CAS (Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System) battery, translated to native language, was given to assess <span class="hlt">PASS</span> cognitive processes. Results were analyzed with cluster analysis and t-Student test. Statistical factor analysis of the control group had previously identified the four <span class="hlt">PASS</span> processes: planning, attention, successive and simultaneous. The dendrogram of the cluster analysis discriminated three categories of attention deficit disorder: 1. The most frequent, with planning deficit; 2. Without planning deficit but with deficit in other processes, and 3. Just only a few cases, without cognitive processing deficit. Cognitive deficiency in terms of means of scores was statistically significant when compared to control group (p = 0.001). According to <span class="hlt">PASS</span> pattern, planning deficiency is a relevant factor. Neurological planning is not exactly the same than neurological executive function. The behavioral pattern is mainly linked to planning deficiency, but also to other <span class="hlt">PASS</span> processing deficits and even to no processing deficit.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27224170','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27224170"><span>How to <span class="hlt">pass</span> exams on the run.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Atkinson, J</p> <p>1988-09-17</p> <p>Yes, dear friends of my youth, it is I - he who left school with two 'O' levels, o music CSE [Illegible Word] a budgerigar; consolidating this by failing his SRN three times, finally getting on the only refresher course in England and <span class="hlt">passing</span> in October 1979- the very last occasion to take an SRN for the fourth time. Have I got a cheek to write about <span class="hlt">passing</span> exams? These experiences hove had their effect! I come to academic life late and have developed a hectic domestic, social and professional life meanwhile.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16493679','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16493679"><span>Ultrastructural evaluation of multiple <span class="hlt">pass</span> low energy versus single <span class="hlt">pass</span> high energy radio-frequency treatment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kist, David; Burns, A Jay; Sanner, Roth; Counters, Jeff; Zelickson, Brian</p> <p>2006-02-01</p> <p>The radio-frequency (RF) device is a system capable of volumetric heating of the mid to deep dermis and selective heating of the fibrous septa strands and fascia layer. Clinically, these effects promote dermal collagen production, and tightening of these deep subcutaneous structures. A new technique of using multiple low energy <span class="hlt">passes</span> has been described which results in lower patient discomfort and fewer side effects. This technique has also been anecdotally described as giving more reproducible and reliable clinical results of tissue tightening and contouring. This study will compare ultrastructural changes in collagen between a single <span class="hlt">pass</span> high energy versus up to five <span class="hlt">passes</span> of a multiple <span class="hlt">pass</span> lower energy treatment. Three subjects were consented and treated in the preauricular region with the RF device using single or multiple <span class="hlt">passes</span> (three or five) in the same 1.5 cm(2) treatment area with a slight delay between <span class="hlt">passes</span> to allow tissue cooling. Biopsies from each treatment region and a control biopsy were taken immediately, 24 hours or 6 months post treatment for electron microscopic examination of the 0-1 mm and 1-2 mm levels. Sections of tissue 1 mm x 1 mm x 80 nm were examined with an RCA EMU-4 Transmission Electron Microscope. Twenty sections from 6 blocks from each 1 mm depth were examined by 2 blinded observers. The morphology and degree of collagen change in relation to area examined was compared to the control tissue, and estimated using a quantitative scale. Ultrastructural examination of tissue showed that an increased amount of collagen fibril changes with increasing <span class="hlt">passes</span> at energies of 97 J (three <span class="hlt">passes</span>) and 122 J (five <span class="hlt">passes</span>), respectively. The changes seen after five multiple <span class="hlt">passes</span> were similar to those detected after much more painful single <span class="hlt">pass</span> high-energy treatments. This ultrastructural study shows changes in collagen fibril morphology with an increased effect demonstrated at greater depths of the skin with multiple low-fluence <span class="hlt">passes</span></p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1170590','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1170590"><span>Incentive <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through for Residential Solar Systems in California</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Dong, C. G.; Wiser, Ryan; Rai, Varun</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>The deployment of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems has grown rapidly over the last decade, partly because of various government incentives. In the United States, among the largest and longest-running incentives have been those established in California. Building on past research, this report addresses the still-unanswered question: to what degree have the direct PV incentives in California been <span class="hlt">passed</span> through from installers to consumers? This report helps address this question by carefully examining the residential PV market in California (excluding a certain class of third-party-owned PV systems) and applying both a structural-modeling approach and a reduced-form regression analysis to estimate themore » incentive <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through <span class="hlt">rate</span>. The results suggest an average <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through <span class="hlt">rate</span> of direct incentives of nearly 100%, though with regional differences among California counties. While these results could have multiple explanations, they suggest a relatively competitive market and well-functioning subsidy program. Further analysis is required to determine whether similar results broadly apply to other states, to other customer segments, to all third-party-owned PV systems, or to all forms of financial incentives for solar (considering not only direct state subsidies, but also utility electric bill savings and federal tax incentives).« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=essentials+AND+economics&pg=7&id=EJ949509','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=essentials+AND+economics&pg=7&id=EJ949509"><span><span class="hlt">Passing</span> the Bond Issue (with Related Video)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Erickson, Paul W.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>When a bond referendum comes around for a school district, it often is the culmination of years of planning, strategizing and communicating to the public. Especially in these economic times, <span class="hlt">passing</span> a building referendum is challenging. Complete transparency among the superintendent, school board and community is essential to communicate the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=calculus+AND+8&pg=6&id=EJ994198','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=calculus+AND+8&pg=6&id=EJ994198"><span>Generalizing Galileo's <span class="hlt">Passe</span>-Dix Game</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Hombas, Vassilios</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>This article shows a generalization of Galileo's "<span class="hlt">passe</span>-dix" game. The game was born following one of Galileo's [G. Galileo, "Sopra le Scoperte dei Dadi" (Galileo, Opere, Firenze, Barbera, Vol. 8). Translated by E.H. Thorne, 1898, pp. 591-594] explanations on a paradox that occurred in the experiment of tossing three fair "six-sided" dice.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012IJMES..43..643H','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012IJMES..43..643H"><span>Generalizing Galileo's <span class="hlt">pass</span>é-dix game</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Hombas, Vassilios</p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>This article shows a generalization of Galileo's '<span class="hlt">pass</span>é-dix' game. The game was born following one of Galileo's [G. Galileo, Sopra le Scoperte dei Dadi (Galileo, Opere, Firenze, Barbera, Vol. 8). Translated by E.H. Thorne, 1898, pp. 591-594] explanations on a paradox that occurred in the experiment of tossing three fair 'six-sided' dice.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1044059','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1044059"><span>Message <span class="hlt">passing</span> with parallel queue traversal</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Underwood, Keith D [Albuquerque, NM; Brightwell, Ronald B [Albuquerque, NM; Hemmert, K Scott [Albuquerque, NM</p> <p>2012-05-01</p> <p>In message <span class="hlt">passing</span> implementations, associative matching structures are used to permit list entries to be searched in parallel fashion, thereby avoiding the delay of linear list traversal. List management capabilities are provided to support list entry turnover semantics and priority ordering semantics.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=ice&pg=2&id=EJ943459','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=ice&pg=2&id=EJ943459"><span>The Physics of "String <span class="hlt">Passing</span> through Ice"</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mohazzabi, Pirooz</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>One of the oldest yet interesting experiments related to heat and thermodynamics is placing a string on a block of ice and hanging two masses from the ends of the string. Sometime later, it is discovered that the string has <span class="hlt">passed</span> through the ice without cutting it in half. A simple explanation of this effect is that the pressure caused by the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20070014632','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20070014632"><span>Hyper<span class="hlt">PASS</span>, a New Aeroassist Tool</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Gates, Kristin; McRonald, Angus; Nock, Kerry</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>A new software tool designed to perform aeroassist studies has been developed by Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC). The Hypersonic Planetary Aeroassist Simulation System (Hyper<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) [1] enables users to perform guided aerocapture, guided ballute aerocapture, aerobraking, orbit decay, or unguided entry simulations at any of six target bodies (Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Titan, or Neptune). Hyper<span class="hlt">PASS</span> is currently being used for trade studies to investigate (1) aerocapture performance with alternate aeroshell types, varying flight path angle and entry velocity, different gload and heating limits, and angle of attack and angle of bank variations; (2) variable, attached ballute geometry; (3) railgun launched projectile trajectories, and (4) preliminary orbit decay evolution. After completing a simulation, there are numerous visualization options in which data can be plotted, saved, or exported to various formats. Several analysis examples will be described.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20010111086&hterms=Types+batteries&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DTypes%2Bbatteries','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20010111086&hterms=Types+batteries&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DTypes%2Bbatteries"><span>Battery Cell By-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Circuit</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Mumaw, Susan J. (Inventor); Evers, Jeffrey (Inventor); Craig, Calvin L., Jr. (Inventor); Walker, Stuart D. (Inventor)</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>The invention is a circuit and method of limiting the charging current voltage from a power supply net work applied to an individual cell of a plurality of cells making up a battery being charged in series. It is particularly designed for use with batteries that can be damaged by overcharging, such as Lithium-ion type batteries. In detail. the method includes the following steps: 1) sensing the actual voltage level of the individual cell; 2) comparing the actual voltage level of the individual cell with a reference value and providing an error signal representative thereof; and 3) by-<span class="hlt">passing</span> the charging current around individual cell necessary to keep the individual cell voltage level generally equal a specific voltage level while continuing to charge the remaining cells. Preferably this is accomplished by by-<span class="hlt">passing</span> the charging current around the individual cell if said actual voltage level is above the specific voltage level and allowing the charging current to the individual cell if the actual voltage level is equal or less than the specific voltage level. In the step of bypassing the charging current, the by-<span class="hlt">passed</span> current is transferred at a proper voltage level to the power supply. The by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> circuit a voltage comparison circuit is used to compare the actual voltage level of the individual cell with a reference value and to provide an error signal representative thereof. A third circuit, designed to be responsive to the error signal, is provided for maintaining the individual cell voltage level generally equal to the specific voltage level. Circuitry is provided in the third circuit for bypassing charging current around the individual cell if the actual voltage level is above the specific voltage level and transfers the excess charging current to the power supply net work. The circuitry also allows charging of the individual cell if the actual voltage level is equal or less than the specific voltage level.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28837900','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28837900"><span>"Which <span class="hlt">pass</span> is better?" Novel approaches to assess <span class="hlt">passing</span> effectiveness in elite soccer.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rein, Robert; Raabe, Dominik; Memmert, Daniel</p> <p>2017-10-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Passing</span> behaviour is a key property of successful performance in team sports. Previous investigations however have mainly focused on notational measurements like total <span class="hlt">passing</span> frequencies which provide little information about what actually constitutes successful <span class="hlt">passing</span> behaviour. Consequently, this has hampered the transfer of research findings into applied settings. Here we present two novel approaches to assess <span class="hlt">passing</span> effectiveness in elite soccer by evaluating their effects on majority situations and space control in front of the goal. Majority situations are assessed by calculating the number of defenders between the ball carrier and the goal. Control of space is estimated using Voronoi-diagrams based on the player's positions on the pitch. Both methods were applied to position data from 103 German First division games from the 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2014/2015 seasons using a big data approach. The results show that both measures are significantly related to successful game play with respect to the number of goals scored and to the probability of winning a game. The results further show that on average <span class="hlt">passes</span> from the mid-field into the attacking area are most effective. The presented <span class="hlt">passing</span> efficiency measures thereby offer new opportunities for future applications in soccer and other sports disciplines whilst maintaining practical relevance with respect to tactical training regimes or game performances analysis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008JPhCS..95a2016B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008JPhCS..95a2016B"><span>Gene-network inference by message <span class="hlt">passing</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Braunstein, A.; Pagnani, A.; Weigt, M.; Zecchina, R.</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>The inference of gene-regulatory processes from gene-expression data belongs to the major challenges of computational systems biology. Here we address the problem from a statistical-physics perspective and develop a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> algorithm which is able to infer sparse, directed and combinatorial regulatory mechanisms. Using the replica technique, the algorithmic performance can be characterized analytically for artificially generated data. The algorithm is applied to genome-wide expression data of baker's yeast under various environmental conditions. We find clear cases of combinatorial control, and enrichment in common functional annotations of regulated genes and their regulators.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890000338&hterms=equality&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3Dequality','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19890000338&hterms=equality&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3Dequality"><span>Multichannel, Active Low-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Lev, James J.</p> <p>1989-01-01</p> <p>Multichannel integrated circuits cascaded to obtain matched characteristics. Gain and phase characteristics of channels of multichannel, multistage, active, low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter matched by making filter of cascaded multichannel integrated-circuit operational amplifiers. Concept takes advantage of inherent equality of electrical characteristics of nominally-identical circuit elements made on same integrated-circuit chip. Characteristics of channels vary identically with changes in temperature. If additional matched channels needed, chips containing more than two operational amplifiers apiece (e.g., commercial quad operational amplifliers) used. Concept applicable to variety of equipment requiring matched gain and phase in multiple channels - radar, test instruments, communication circuits, and equipment for electronic countermeasures.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_8 --> <div id="page_9" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="161"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008JNuM..383...63S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008JNuM..383...63S"><span>Fabrication of seamless calandria tubes by cold pilgering route using 3-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and 2-<span class="hlt">pass</span> schedules</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Saibaba, N.</p> <p>2008-12-01</p> <p>Calandria tube is a large diameter, extremely thin walled zirconium alloy tube which has diameter to wall thickness ratio as high as 90-95. Such tubes are conventionally produced by the 'welded route', which involves extrusion of slabs followed by a series of hot and cold rolling <span class="hlt">passes</span>, intermediate anneals, press forming of sheets into circular shape and closing the gap by TIG welding. Though pilgering is a well established process for the fabrication of seamless tubes, production of extremely thin walled tubes offers several challenges during pilgering. Nuclear fuel complex (NFC), Hyderabad, has successfully developed a process for the production of Zircaloy-4 calandria tubes by adopting the 'seamless route' which involves hot extrusion of mother blanks followed by three-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pilgering or two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pilgering schedules. This paper deals with standardization of the seamless route processes for fabrication of calandria tubes, comparison between the tubes produced by 2-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and 3-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pilgering schedules, role of ultrasonic test charts for control of process parameters, development of new testing methods for burst testing and other properties.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29195349','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29195349"><span>Comparison of cryogenic low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Thalmann, M; Pernau, H-F; Strunk, C; Scheer, E; Pietsch, T</p> <p>2017-11-01</p> <p>Low-temperature electronic transport measurements with high energy resolution require both effective low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filtering of high-frequency input noise and an optimized thermalization of the electronic system of the experiment. In recent years, elaborate filter designs have been developed for cryogenic low-level measurements, driven by the growing interest in fundamental quantum-physical phenomena at energy scales corresponding to temperatures in the few millikelvin regime. However, a single filter concept is often insufficient to thermalize the electronic system to the cryogenic bath and eliminate spurious high frequency noise. Moreover, the available concepts often provide inadequate filtering to operate at temperatures below 10 mK, which are routinely available now in dilution cryogenic systems. Herein we provide a comprehensive analysis of commonly used filter types, introduce a novel compact filter type based on ferrite compounds optimized for the frequency range above 20 GHz, and develop an improved filtering scheme providing adaptable broad-band low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> characteristic for cryogenic low-level and quantum measurement applications at temperatures down to few millikelvin.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017RScI...88k4703T','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017RScI...88k4703T"><span>Comparison of cryogenic low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Thalmann, M.; Pernau, H.-F.; Strunk, C.; Scheer, E.; Pietsch, T.</p> <p>2017-11-01</p> <p>Low-temperature electronic transport measurements with high energy resolution require both effective low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filtering of high-frequency input noise and an optimized thermalization of the electronic system of the experiment. In recent years, elaborate filter designs have been developed for cryogenic low-level measurements, driven by the growing interest in fundamental quantum-physical phenomena at energy scales corresponding to temperatures in the few millikelvin regime. However, a single filter concept is often insufficient to thermalize the electronic system to the cryogenic bath and eliminate spurious high frequency noise. Moreover, the available concepts often provide inadequate filtering to operate at temperatures below 10 mK, which are routinely available now in dilution cryogenic systems. Herein we provide a comprehensive analysis of commonly used filter types, introduce a novel compact filter type based on ferrite compounds optimized for the frequency range above 20 GHz, and develop an improved filtering scheme providing adaptable broad-band low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> characteristic for cryogenic low-level and quantum measurement applications at temperatures down to few millikelvin.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20090016267','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20090016267"><span>ABM Drag_<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Report Generator</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Fisher, Forest; Gladden, Roy; Khanampornpan, Teerapat</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>dragREPORT software was developed in parallel with abmREPORT, which is described in the preceding article. Both programs were built on the capabilities created during that process. This tool generates a drag_<span class="hlt">pass</span> report that summarizes vital information from the MRO aerobreaking drag_<span class="hlt">pass</span> build process to facilitate both sequence reviews and provide a high-level summarization of the sequence for mission management. The script extracts information from the ENV, SSF, FRF, SCMFmax, and OPTG files, presenting them in a single, easy-to-check report providing the majority of parameters needed for cross check and verification as part of the sequence review process. Prior to dragReport, all the needed information was spread across a number of different files, each in a different format. This software is a Perl script that extracts vital summarization information and build-process details from a number of source files into a single, concise report format used to aid the MPST sequence review process and to provide a high-level summarization of the sequence for mission management reference. This software could be adapted for future aerobraking missions to provide similar reports, review and summarization information.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24306710','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24306710"><span>Using the arthroscopic surgery skill evaluation tool as a <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail examination.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Koehler, Ryan J; Nicandri, Gregg T</p> <p>2013-12-04</p> <p>Examination of arthroscopic skill requires evaluation tools that are valid and reliable with clear criteria for <span class="hlt">passing</span>. The Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool was developed as a video-based assessment of technical skill with criteria for <span class="hlt">passing</span> established by a panel of experts. The purpose of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool as a <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail examination of arthroscopic skill. Twenty-eight residents and two sports medicine faculty members were recorded performing diagnostic knee arthroscopy on a left and right cadaveric specimen in our arthroscopic skills laboratory. Procedure videos were evaluated with use of the Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool by two raters blind to subject identity. Subjects were considered to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool when they attained scores of ≥ 3 on all eight assessment domains. The raters agreed on a <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail <span class="hlt">rating</span> for fifty-five of sixty videos <span class="hlt">rated</span> with an interclass correlation coefficient value of 0.83. Ten of thirty participants were assigned <span class="hlt">passing</span> scores by both raters for both diagnostic arthroscopies performed in the laboratory. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated that logging more than eighty arthroscopic cases or performing more than thirty-five arthroscopic knee cases was predictive of attaining a <span class="hlt">passing</span> Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool score on both procedures performed in the laboratory. The Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool is valid and reliable as a <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail examination of diagnostic arthroscopy of the knee in the simulation laboratory. This study demonstrates that the Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool may be a useful tool for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail examination of diagnostic arthroscopy of the knee in the simulation laboratory. Further study is necessary to determine whether the Arthroscopic Surgery Skill Evaluation Tool can be used for the assessment of multiple</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2598392','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2598392"><span>Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Streaming BLAST on FPGAs*†</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Herbordt, Martin C.; Model, Josh; Sukhwani, Bharat; Gu, Yongfeng; VanCourt, Tom</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>Approximate string matching is fundamental to bioinformatics and has been the subject of numerous FPGA acceleration studies. We address issues with respect to FPGA implementations of both BLAST- and dynamic-programming- (DP) based methods. Our primary contribution is a new algorithm for emulating the seeding and extension phases of BLAST. This operates in a single <span class="hlt">pass</span> through a database at streaming <span class="hlt">rate</span>, and with no preprocessing other than loading the query string. Moreover, it emulates parameters turned to maximum possible sensitivity with no slowdown. While current DP-based methods also operate at streaming <span class="hlt">rate</span>, generating results can be cumbersome. We address this with a new structure for data extraction. We present results from several implementations showing order of magnitude acceleration over serial reference code. A simple extension assures compatibility with NCBI BLAST. PMID:19081828</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/312/ds-312.pdf','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/312/ds-312.pdf"><span>Bathymetric survey of the nearshore from Belle <span class="hlt">Pass</span> to Caminada <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Louisiana: methods and data report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>DeWitt, Nancy T.; Flocks, James G.; Hansen, Mark; Kulp, Mark; Reynolds, B.J.</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the University of New Orleans (UNO) and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (LDNR), conducted a high-resolution, single-beam bathymetric survey along the Louisiana southern coastal zone from Belle <span class="hlt">Pass</span> to Caminada <span class="hlt">Pass</span>. The survey consisted of 483 line kilometers of data acquired in July and August of 2005. This report outlines the methodology and provides the data from the survey. Analysis of the data and comparison to a similar bathymetric survey completed in 1989 show significant loss of seafloor and shoreline retreat, which is consistent with previously published estimates of shoreline change in the study area.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29459390','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29459390"><span>First <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Effect: A New Measure for Stroke Thrombectomy Devices.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Zaidat, Osama O; Castonguay, Alicia C; Linfante, Italo; Gupta, Rishi; Martin, Coleman O; Holloway, William E; Mueller-Kronast, Nils; English, Joey D; Dabus, Guilherme; Malisch, Tim W; Marden, Franklin A; Bozorgchami, Hormozd; Xavier, Andrew; Rai, Ansaar T; Froehler, Michael T; Badruddin, Aamir; Nguyen, Thanh N; Taqi, M Asif; Abraham, Michael G; Yoo, Albert J; Janardhan, Vallabh; Shaltoni, Hashem; Novakovic, Roberta; Abou-Chebl, Alex; Chen, Peng R; Britz, Gavin W; Sun, Chung-Huan J; Bansal, Vibhav; Kaushal, Ritesh; Nanda, Ashish; Nogueira, Raul G</p> <p>2018-03-01</p> <p>In acute ischemic stroke, fast and complete recanalization of the occluded vessel is associated with improved outcomes. We describe a novel measure for newer generation devices: the first <span class="hlt">pass</span> effect (FPE). FPE is defined as achieving a complete recanalization with a single thrombectomy device <span class="hlt">pass</span>. The North American Solitaire Acute Stroke Registry database was used to identify a FPE subgroup. Their baseline features and clinical outcomes were compared with non-FPE patients. Clinical outcome measures included 90-days modified Rankin Scale score, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, mortality, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Multivariate analyses were performed to determine whether FPE independently resulted in improved outcomes and to identify predictors of FPE. A total of 354 acute ischemic stroke patients underwent thrombectomy in the North American Solitaire Acute Stroke registry. FPE was achieved in 89 out of 354 (25.1%). More middle cerebral artery occlusions (64% versus 52.5%) and fewer internal carotid artery occlusions (10.1% versus 27.7%) were present in the FPE group. Balloon guide catheters were used more frequently with FPE (64.0% versus 34.7%). Median time to revascularization was significantly faster in the FPE group (median 34 versus 60 minutes; P =0.0003). FPE was an independent predictor of good clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ≤2 was seen in 61.3% in FPE versus 35.3% in non-FPE cohort; P =0.013; odds ratio, 1.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.7). The independent predictors of achieving FPE were use of balloon guide catheters and non-internal carotid artery terminus occlusion. The achievement of complete revascularization from a single Solitaire thrombectomy device <span class="hlt">pass</span> (FPE) is associated with significantly higher <span class="hlt">rates</span> of good clinical outcome. The FPE is more frequently associated with the use of balloon guide catheters and less likely to be achieved with internal carotid artery terminus occlusion. © 2018</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16570615','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16570615"><span>Monitoring the soot emissions of <span class="hlt">passing</span> cars.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kurniawan, A; Schmidt-Ott, A</p> <p>2006-03-15</p> <p>We report on the first application of a novel fast on-road sensing method for measurement of particulate emissions of individual <span class="hlt">passing</span> passenger cars. The studywas motivated by the shift of interest from gases to particles in connection with strong adverse health effects. The results correspond very much to findings by Beaton et al. (Science, May 19,1995) for gaseous hydrocarbon and CO emissions: A small percentage of "superpolluters" (here 5%) account for a high percentage (here 43%) of the pollution (here elemental carbon). We estimate that up to 50% of the particulate emissions of vehicles could be avoided on the basis of the present legislation, if on-road monitoring would be applied to enforce maintenance. Our fast sensing method for particles is based on photoelectron emission from the emitted airborne soot particles in combination with a CO2 sensor delivering a reference.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/271602-dilution-single-pass-arc-welds','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/271602-dilution-single-pass-arc-welds"><span>Dilution in single <span class="hlt">pass</span> arc welds</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>DuPont, J.N.; Marder, A.R.</p> <p>1996-06-01</p> <p>A study was conducted on dilution of single <span class="hlt">pass</span> arc welds of type 308 stainless steel filler metal deposited onto A36 carbon steel by the plasma arc welding (PAW), gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas metal arc welding (GMAW), and submerged arc welding (SAW) processes. Knowledge of the arc and melting efficiency was used in a simple energy balance to develop an expression for dilution as a function of welding variables and thermophysical properties of the filler metal and substrate. Comparison of calculated and experimentally determined dilution values shows the approach provides reasonable predictions of dilution when the melting efficiencymore » can be accurately predicted. The conditions under which such accuracy is obtained are discussed. A diagram is developed from the dilution equation which readily reveals the effect of processing parameters on dilution to aid in parameter optimization.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1379931-multi-pass-transmission-electron-microscopy','SCIGOV-DOEP'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1379931-multi-pass-transmission-electron-microscopy"><span>Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> transmission electron microscopy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/pages">DOE PAGES</a></p> <p>Juffmann, Thomas; Koppell, Stewart A.; Klopfer, Brannon B.; ...</p> <p>2017-05-10</p> <p>Feynman once asked physicists to build better electron microscopes to be able to watch biology at work. While electron microscopes can now provide atomic resolution, electron beam induced specimen damage precludes high resolution imaging of sensitive materials, such as single proteins or polymers. Here, we use simulations to show that an electron microscope based on a multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> measurement protocol enables imaging of single proteins, without averaging structures over multiple images. While we demonstrate the method for particular imaging targets, the approach is broadly applicable and is expected to improve resolution and sensitivity for a range of electron microscopy imaging modalities,more » including, for example, scanning and spectroscopic techniques. The approach implements a quantum mechanically optimal strategy which under idealized conditions can be considered interaction-free.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26483855','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26483855"><span>The reliability of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decision for assessments comprised of multiple components.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Möltner, Andreas; Tımbıl, Sevgi; Jünger, Jana</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The decision having the most serious consequences for a student taking an assessment is the one to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail that student. For this reason, the reliability of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decision must be determined for high quality assessments, just as the measurement reliability of the point values. Assessments in a particular subject (graded course credit) are often composed of multiple components that must be <span class="hlt">passed</span> independently of each other. When "conjunctively" combining separate <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decisions, as with other complex decision rules for <span class="hlt">passing</span>, adequate methods of analysis are necessary for estimating the accuracy and consistency of these classifications. To date, very few papers have addressed this issue; a generally applicable procedure was published by Douglas and Mislevy in 2010. Using the example of an assessment comprised of several parts that must be <span class="hlt">passed</span> separately, this study analyzes the reliability underlying the decision to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail students and discusses the impact of an improved method for identifying those who do not fulfill the minimum requirements. The accuracy and consistency of the decision to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail an examinee in the subject cluster Internal Medicine/General Medicine/Clinical Chemistry at the University of Heidelberg's Faculty of Medicine was investigated. This cluster requires students to separately <span class="hlt">pass</span> three components (two written exams and an OSCE), whereby students may reattempt to <span class="hlt">pass</span> each component twice. Our analysis was carried out using the method described by Douglas and Mislevy. Frequently, when complex logical connections exist between the individual <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decisions in the case of low failure <span class="hlt">rates</span>, only a very low reliability for the overall decision to grant graded course credit can be achieved, even if high reliabilities exist for the various components. For the example analyzed here, the classification accuracy and consistency when conjunctively combining the three individual parts is relatively low with κ=0</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1175413','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1175413"><span>Two antenna, two <span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometric synthetic aperture radar</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Martinez, Ana; Doerry, Armin W.; Bickel, Douglas L.</p> <p>2005-06-28</p> <p>A multi-antenna, multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR mode utilizing data driven alignment of multiple independent <span class="hlt">passes</span> can combine the scaling accuracy of a two-antenna, one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR mode with the height-noise performance of a one-antenna, two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR mode. A two-antenna, two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR mode can accurately estimate the larger antenna baseline from the data itself and reduce height-noise, allowing for more accurate information about target ground position locations and heights. The two-antenna, two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR mode can use coarser IFSAR data to estimate the larger antenna baseline. Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> IFSAR can be extended to more than two (2) <span class="hlt">passes</span>, thereby allowing true three-dimensional radar imaging from stand-off aircraft and satellite platforms.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7798405','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7798405"><span>PENN <span class="hlt">PASS</span>: a program for graduates of foreign dental schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Berthold, P; Lopez, N</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>An increasing number of graduates of foreign dental schools who enroll in advanced standing programs to qualify for licensure calls for dental schools to be prepared to handle not only the curricular demands but also the growing cultural diversity among its student population. The "reeducation" of this student group not only meets the need of foreign dentists for an American degree but may also provide health professionals to service various ethnic populations whose language and culture they are able to understand and identify with. A survey of students and graduates of a two-year Program for Advanced Standing Students (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) for graduates of foreign dental schools representing 34 countries aimed to arrive at an understanding of this student group through characterization of the foreign dentists and identification of their attitudes and feelings toward various aspects of the program, the school and faculty and their experience of stress. This report includes description of the distinctive features of the program which cater to specific needs and concerns of this non-traditional group of dental students. <span class="hlt">PASS</span> students are accepted on the basis of their grades in dental school in home country, scores in the National Dental Board Examination Part I, Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL), and <span class="hlt">ratings</span> in personal interviews. They complete an intensive summer program consisting of didactic and laboratory courses which prepares them for integration with four-year students for the last two years of didactic and clinical curriculum. Cultural diversity seminars, a special English class, <span class="hlt">PASS</span> class meetings and seminars are unique additions to their program and aim to assist them adjust to the educational, social and cultural systems in an American school. Results of the survey show a majority of the <span class="hlt">PASS</span> students feel that they are part of the school and that there is someone in the school whom they can approach for problems. An understanding of their ethnic and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29279975','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29279975"><span>Determining the Optimal Number of Core Needle Biopsy <span class="hlt">Passes</span> for Molecular Diagnostics.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hoang, Nam S; Ge, Benjamin H; Pan, Lorraine Y; Ozawa, Michael G; Kong, Christina S; Louie, John D; Shah, Rajesh P</p> <p>2018-03-01</p> <p>The number of core biopsy <span class="hlt">passes</span> required for adequate next-generation sequencing is impacted by needle cut, needle gauge, and the type of tissue involved. This study evaluates diagnostic adequacy of core needle lung biopsies based on number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> and provides guidelines for other tissues based on simulated biopsies in ex vivo porcine organ tissues. The <span class="hlt">rate</span> of diagnostic adequacy for pathology and molecular testing from lung biopsy procedures was measured for eight operators pre-implementation (September 2012-October 2013) and post-implementation (December 2013-April 2014) of a standard protocol using 20-gauge side-cut needles for ten core biopsy <span class="hlt">passes</span> at a single academic hospital. Biopsy <span class="hlt">pass</span> volume was then estimated in ex vivo porcine muscle, liver, and kidney using side-cut devices at 16, 18, and 20 gauge and end-cut devices at 16 and 18 gauge to estimate minimum number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> required for adequate molecular testing. Molecular diagnostic adequacy increased from 69% (pre-implementation period) to 92% (post-implementation period) (p < 0.001) for lung biopsies. In porcine models, both 16-gauge end-cut and side-cut devices require one <span class="hlt">pass</span> to reach the validated volume threshold to ensure 99% adequacy for molecular characterization, while 18- and 20-gauge devices require 2-5 <span class="hlt">passes</span> depending on needle cut and tissue type. Use of 20-gauge side-cut core biopsy needles requires a significant number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> to ensure diagnostic adequacy for molecular testing across all tissue types. To ensure diagnostic adequacy for molecular testing, 16- and 18-gauge needles require markedly fewer <span class="hlt">passes</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf"><span>36 CFR 13.918 - Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing... Preserve General Provisions § 13.918 Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area. (a) Entry into the Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area is prohibited from May 1 to September 30 unless authorized by the Superintendent. (b...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf"><span>36 CFR 13.918 - Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing... Preserve General Provisions § 13.918 Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area. (a) Entry into the Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area is prohibited from May 1 to September 30 unless authorized by the Superintendent. (b...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf"><span>36 CFR 13.918 - Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing... Preserve General Provisions § 13.918 Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area. (a) Entry into the Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area is prohibited from May 1 to September 30 unless authorized by the Superintendent. (b...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf"><span>36 CFR 13.918 - Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing... Preserve General Provisions § 13.918 Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area. (a) Entry into the Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area is prohibited from May 1 to September 30 unless authorized by the Superintendent. (b...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol1-sec13-918.pdf"><span>36 CFR 13.918 - Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing... Preserve General Provisions § 13.918 Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area. (a) Entry into the Sable <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wildlife Viewing Area is prohibited from May 1 to September 30 unless authorized by the Superintendent. (b...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_9 --> <div id="page_10" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="181"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title30-vol1-sec57-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title30-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title30-vol1-sec56-19018.pdf"><span>30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switches. When an overtravel by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> switch is installed, the switch shall function so as to allow the conveyance to be moved through the overtravel position when the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2013-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2013-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf"><span>49 CFR 383.135 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. 383.135... COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE STANDARDS; REQUIREMENTS AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a <span class="hlt">passing</span> score on each of the knowledge tests, a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf"><span>49 CFR 383.135 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. 383.135... COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE STANDARDS; REQUIREMENTS AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a <span class="hlt">passing</span> score on each of the knowledge tests, a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2014-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2014-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf"><span>49 CFR 383.135 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. 383.135... COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE STANDARDS; REQUIREMENTS AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a <span class="hlt">passing</span> score on each of the knowledge tests, a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1153311.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1153311.pdf"><span><span class="hlt">PASS</span> Student Leader and Mentor Roles: A Tertiary Leadership Pathway</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Skalicky, Jane; Caney, Annaliese</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>In relation to developing leadership skills during tertiary studies, this paper considers the leadership pathway afforded by a Peer Assisted Study Sessions (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) program which includes the traditional <span class="hlt">PASS</span> Leader role and a more senior <span class="hlt">PASS</span> Mentor role. Data was collected using a structured survey with open-ended questions designed to capture the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014LPICo1791.1118M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014LPICo1791.1118M"><span>Global HRSC Image Mosaics of Mars: Dodging for High-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Filtering, Combined with Low-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>-Filtered OMEGA Mosaics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>McGuire, P. C.; Walter, S. H. G.; van Gasselt, S.; Dumke, A.; Dunker, T.; Gross, C.; Michael, G.; Wendt, L.; Audouard, J.; Ody, A.; Poulet, F.</p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>We discuss our approach towards automatically mosaicking hundreds of the HRSC panchromatic or RGB images together. Our best results consist of adding a high-<span class="hlt">pass</span>-filtered HRSC mosaic to a low-<span class="hlt">pass</span>-filtered OMEGA global mosaic.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21476044','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21476044"><span>Pulsed dye laser double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> treatment of patients with resistant capillary malformations.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rajaratnam, Ratna; Laughlin, Sharyn A; Dudley, Denis</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>The pulsed dye laser is an effective and established treatment for port-wine stains and has become the generally accepted standard of care. However, in many cases, complete clearance cannot be achieved as a significant proportion of lesions become resistant to treatment. Multiple <span class="hlt">passes</span> or pulse-stacking techniques have been used to improve the extent and <span class="hlt">rate</span> of fading, but concerns over increased adverse effects have limited this clinical approach. In this work, a double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> technique with the pulsed dye laser has been described, which may allow for increased depth of vascular injury, greater efficacy, and an acceptable risk profile. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and the <span class="hlt">rate</span> of side-effects for a double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> protocol with a pulsed dye laser (PDL) to treat patients previously treated with PDL and/or other laser modalities. A retrospective chart review was conducted of 26 patients treated with a minimum of three double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> treatments alone, or in combination, with single <span class="hlt">pass</span> conventional PDL. Almost half of the patients (n = 12) showed either a moderate or significant improvement in fading compared to pre-treatment photographs with the double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> technique. In a further 12 patients, there was a mild improvement. In two patients, there was no change. Sixteen patients developed mild side-effects: blisters (n = 5), dry scabs (n = 11) and transient hyperpigmentation (n = 4). This preliminary experience suggests that a double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> technique at defined intervals between the first and second treatment with PDL can further lighten some port-wine stains, which are resistant to conventional single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> treatments. This technique may be a useful addition to the laser treatment of PWS and deserves further scrutiny with randomized prospective studies and histological analysis to confirm the increased depth of vascular injury.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20130013819','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20130013819"><span>Multi-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Quadrupole Mass Analyzer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Prestage, John D.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Analysis of the composition of planetary atmospheres is one of the most important and fundamental measurements in planetary robotic exploration. Quadrupole mass analyzers (QMAs) are the primary tool used to execute these investigations, but reductions in size of these instruments has sacrificed mass resolving power so that the best present-day QMA devices are still large, expensive, and do not deliver performance of laboratory instruments. An ultra-high-resolution QMA was developed to resolve N2 +/CO+ by trapping ions in a linear trap quadrupole filter. Because N2 and CO are resolved, gas chromatography columns used to separate species before analysis are eliminated, greatly simplifying gas analysis instrumentation. For highest performance, the ion trap mode is used. High-resolution (or narrow-band) mass selection is carried out in the central region, but near the DC electrodes at each end, RF/DC field settings are adjusted to allow broadband ion passage. This is to prevent ion loss during ion reflection at each end. Ions are created inside the trap so that low-energy particles are selected by low-voltage settings on the end electrodes. This is beneficial to good mass resolution since low-energy particles traverse many cycles of the RF filtering fields. Through Monte Carlo simulations, it is shown that ions are reflected at each end many tens of times, each time being sent back through the central section of the quadrupole where ultrahigh mass filtering is carried out. An analyzer was produced with electrical length orders of magnitude longer than its physical length. Since the selector fields are sized as in conventional devices, the loss of sensitivity inherent in miniaturizing quadrupole instruments is avoided. The no-loss, multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> QMA architecture will improve mass resolution of planetary QMA instruments while reducing demands on the RF electronics for high-voltage/high-frequency production since ion transit time is no longer limited to a single <span class="hlt">pass</span>. The</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12288092','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12288092"><span>People's Republic of China <span class="hlt">passes</span> "eugenics" law.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p></p> <p>1994-12-02</p> <p>On October 27, 1994, China <span class="hlt">passed</span> the "Maternal and Infant Health Care Law." This law regulates support for maternal and child health and also requires physicians to recommend a postponement of marriage if either member of a couple has an infectious, contagious disease or an active mental disorder. If one member of a couple has a serious hereditary disease, the couple may only marry if they agree to use longterm contraception or to undergo sterilization. If prenatal tests reveal that a fetus has a serious hereditary disease or serious deformity, the physician must advise the pregnant woman to have an abortion, and the law states that the pregnant woman "should" follow this recommendation. This statute also bans determining the sex of a fetus through the use of technology unless such tests are medically necessary. This ban is the reaction to the combination of China's one-child policy and the technological ability to predict the sex of a fetus which has led to a change in China's sex ratio from 103.8 boys/100 girls in 1953 to 118 boys/100 girls in 1992.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20110012243','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20110012243"><span>Airborne Radar Interferometric Repeat-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Processing</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Hensley, Scott; Michel, Thierry R.; Jones, Cathleen E.; Muellerschoen, Ronald J.; Chapman, Bruce D.; Fore, Alexander; Simard, Marc; Zebker, Howard A.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Earth science research often requires crustal deformation measurements at a variety of time scales, from seconds to decades. Although satellites have been used for repeat-track interferometric (RTI) synthetic-aperture-radar (SAR) mapping for close to 20 years, RTI is much more difficult to implement from an airborne platform owing to the irregular trajectory of the aircraft compared with microwave imaging radar wavelengths. Two basic requirements for robust airborne repeat-<span class="hlt">pass</span> radar interferometry include the ability to fly the platform to a desired trajectory within a narrow tube and the ability to have the radar beam pointed in a desired direction to a fraction of a beam width. Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) is equipped with a precision auto pilot developed by NASA Dryden that allows the platform, a Gulfstream III, to nominally fly within a 5 m diameter tube and with an electronically scanned antenna to position the radar beam to a fraction of a beam width based on INU (inertial navigation unit) attitude angle measurements.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009pttt.book..237H','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009pttt.book..237H"><span>How My Program <span class="hlt">Passed</span> the Turing Test</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Humphrys, Mark</p> <p></p> <p>In 1989, the author put an ELIZA-like chatbot on the Internet. The conversations this program had can be seen - depending on how one defines the rules (and how seriously one takes the idea of the test itself) - as a <span class="hlt">passing</span> of the Turing Test. This is the first time this event has been properly written. This chatbot succeeded due to profanity, relentless aggression, prurient queries about the user, and implying that they were a liar when they responded. The element of surprise was also crucial. Most chatbots exist in an environment where people expectto find some bots among the humans. Not this one. What was also novel was the onlineelement. This was certainly one of the first AI programs online. It seems to have been the first (a) AI real-time chat program, which (b) had the element of surprise, and (c) was on the Internet. We conclude with some speculation that the future of all of AI is on the Internet, and a description of the "World- Wide-Mind" project that aims to bring this about.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_10 --> <div id="page_11" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="201"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22251747-operator-pencil-passing-through-given-operator','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22251747-operator-pencil-passing-through-given-operator"><span>Operator pencil <span class="hlt">passing</span> through a given operator</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Biggs, A., E-mail: khudian@manchester.ac.uk, E-mail: adam.biggs@student.manchester.ac.uk; Khudaverdian, H. M., E-mail: khudian@manchester.ac.uk, E-mail: adam.biggs@student.manchester.ac.uk</p> <p></p> <p>Let Δ be a linear differential operator acting on the space of densities of a given weight λ{sub 0} on a manifold M. One can consider a pencil of operators Π-circumflex(Δ)=(Δ{sub λ}) <span class="hlt">passing</span> through the operator Δ such that any Δ{sub λ} is a linear differential operator acting on densities of weight λ. This pencil can be identified with a linear differential operator Δ-circumflex acting on the algebra of densities of all weights. The existence of an invariant scalar product in the algebra of densities implies a natural decomposition of operators, i.e., pencils of self-adjoint and anti-self-adjoint operators. We studymore » lifting maps that are on one hand equivariant with respect to divergenceless vector fields, and, on the other hand, with values in self-adjoint or anti-self-adjoint operators. In particular, we analyze the relation between these two concepts, and apply it to the study of diff (M)-equivariant liftings. Finally, we briefly consider the case of liftings equivariant with respect to the algebra of projective transformations and describe all regular self-adjoint and anti-self-adjoint liftings. Our constructions can be considered as a generalisation of equivariant quantisation.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24504081','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24504081"><span>Anon-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>: Practical Anonymous Subscriptions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lee, Michael Z; Dunn, Alan M; Katz, Jonathan; Waters, Brent; Witchel, Emmett</p> <p>2013-12-31</p> <p>We present the design, security proof, and implementation of an anonymous subscription service. Users register for the service by providing some form of identity, which might or might not be linked to a real-world identity such as a credit card, a web login, or a public key. A user logs on to the system by presenting a credential derived from information received at registration. Each credential allows only a single login in any authentication window, or epoch . Logins are anonymous in the sense that the service cannot distinguish which user is logging in any better than random guessing. This implies unlinkability of a user across different logins. We find that a central tension in an anonymous subscription service is the service provider's desire for a long epoch (to reduce server-side computation) versus users' desire for a short epoch (so they can repeatedly "re-anonymize" their sessions). We balance this tension by having short epochs, but adding an efficient operation for clients who do not need unlinkability to cheaply re-authenticate themselves for the next time period. We measure performance of a research prototype of our protocol that allows an independent service to offer anonymous access to existing services. We implement a music service, an Android-based subway-<span class="hlt">pass</span> application, and a web proxy, and show that adding anonymity adds minimal client latency and only requires 33 KB of server memory per active user.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20040087570&hterms=Elsevier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DElsevier','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20040087570&hterms=Elsevier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DElsevier"><span>Iterative <span class="hlt">pass</span> optimization of sequence data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Wheeler, Ward C.</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>The problem of determining the minimum-cost hypothetical ancestral sequences for a given cladogram is known to be NP-complete. This "tree alignment" problem has motivated the considerable effort placed in multiple sequence alignment procedures. Wheeler in 1996 proposed a heuristic method, direct optimization, to calculate cladogram costs without the intervention of multiple sequence alignment. This method, though more efficient in time and more effective in cladogram length than many alignment-based procedures, greedily optimizes nodes based on descendent information only. In their proposal of an exact multiple alignment solution, Sankoff et al. in 1976 described a heuristic procedure--the iterative improvement method--to create alignments at internal nodes by solving a series of median problems. The combination of a three-sequence direct optimization with iterative improvement and a branch-length-based cladogram cost procedure, provides an algorithm that frequently results in superior (i.e., lower) cladogram costs. This iterative <span class="hlt">pass</span> optimization is both computation and memory intensive, but economies can be made to reduce this burden. An example in arthropod systematics is discussed. c2003 The Willi Hennig Society. Published by Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3913070','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3913070"><span>Anon-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>: Practical Anonymous Subscriptions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lee, Michael Z.; Dunn, Alan M.; Katz, Jonathan; Waters, Brent; Witchel, Emmett</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>We present the design, security proof, and implementation of an anonymous subscription service. Users register for the service by providing some form of identity, which might or might not be linked to a real-world identity such as a credit card, a web login, or a public key. A user logs on to the system by presenting a credential derived from information received at registration. Each credential allows only a single login in any authentication window, or epoch. Logins are anonymous in the sense that the service cannot distinguish which user is logging in any better than random guessing. This implies unlinkability of a user across different logins. We find that a central tension in an anonymous subscription service is the service provider’s desire for a long epoch (to reduce server-side computation) versus users’ desire for a short epoch (so they can repeatedly “re-anonymize” their sessions). We balance this tension by having short epochs, but adding an efficient operation for clients who do not need unlinkability to cheaply re-authenticate themselves for the next time period. We measure performance of a research prototype of our protocol that allows an independent service to offer anonymous access to existing services. We implement a music service, an Android-based subway-<span class="hlt">pass</span> application, and a web proxy, and show that adding anonymity adds minimal client latency and only requires 33 KB of server memory per active user. PMID:24504081</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-05/pdf/2010-27991.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-05/pdf/2010-27991.pdf"><span>75 FR 68347 - Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction LLC, and Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> LNG, L.P.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-11-05</p> <p>... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PF10-24-000] Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction LLC, and Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> LNG, L.P.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Planned Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Liquefaction Project and Request for Comments on Environmental Issues October 29, 2010...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhPl...25d3108W','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhPl...25d3108W"><span>Simulation of double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> stimulated Raman backscattering</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Wu, Z.; Chen, Q.; Morozov, A.; Suckewer, S.</p> <p>2018-04-01</p> <p>Experiments on Stimulated Raman Backscattering (SRBS) in plasma have demonstrated significantly higher energy conversion in a double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifier where the laser pulses go through the plasma twice compared with a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifier with double the plasma length of a single <span class="hlt">pass</span>. In this paper, the improvement in understanding recent experimental results is presented by considering quite in detail the effects of plasma heating on the modeling of SRBS. Our simulation results show that the low efficiency of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifiers can be attributed to Landau damping and the frequency shift of Langmuir waves. In double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifiers, these issues can be avoided, to some degree, because pump-induced heating could be reduced, while the plasma cools down between the <span class="hlt">passes</span>. Therefore, double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> amplifiers yield considerably enhanced energy transfer from the pump to the seed, hence the output pulse intensity.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020086519','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020086519"><span>Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) Project</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Coleman, Clarence D.; Hathaway, Roger (Technical Monitor)</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) Project was granted a one-year no cost extension for 2001-2002. In year three of the project, objectives and strategies were modified based on the previous year-end evaluation. The recommendations were incorporated and the program was replicated within most of the remaining elementary schools in Portsmouth, Virginia and continued in the four middle schools. The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project is a partnership, which includes Norfolk State University, Cooperating Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering (CHROME), NASA Langley Research Center, and the City of Portsmouth, Virginia Public Schools. The project seeks to strengthen the knowledge of Portsmouth Public Schools students in the field of atmospheric sciences and enhance teacher awareness of hands on activities in the atmospheric sciences. The project specifically seeks to: 1) increase the interest and participation of elementary and middle school students in science and mathematics; 2) strengthen existing science programs; and 3) facilitate greater achievement in core subjects, which are necessary for math, science, and technical careers. Emphasis was placed on providing training activities, materials and resources for elementary students (grades 3 - 5) and middle school students (grades 6 - 8), and teachers through a CHROME club structure. The first year of the project focused on introducing elementary students to concepts and activities in atmospheric science. Year two of the project built on the first year's activities and utilizes advanced topics and activities appropriate for middle school students. During the third year of the project, in addition to the approaches used in years one and two, emphasis was placed on activities that enhanced the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20393361','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20393361"><span>The effect of Medicaid wage <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through programs on the wages of direct care workers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Baughman, Reagan A; Smith, Kristin</p> <p>2010-05-01</p> <p>Despite growing demand for nursing and home health care as the US population ages, compensation levels in the low-skill nursing labor market that provides the bulk of long-term care remain quite low. The challenge facing providers of long-term care is that Medicaid reimbursement <span class="hlt">rates</span> for nursing home and home health care severely restrict the wage growth that is necessary to attract workers, resulting in high turnover and labor shortages. Almost half of US states have responded by enacting "<span class="hlt">pass</span>-through" provisions in their Medicaid programs, channeling additional long-term care funding directly to compensation of lower-skill nursing workers. We test the effect of Medicaid wage <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through programs on hourly wages for direct care workers. We estimate several specifications of wage models using employment data from the 1996 and 2001 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation for nursing, home health, and personal care aides. The effect of <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through programs is identified by an indicator variable for states with programs; 20 states adopted <span class="hlt">pass</span>-throughs during the sample period. Workers in states with <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through programs earn as much as 12% more per hour than workers in other states after those programs are implemented. Medicaid wage <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through programs appear to be a viable policy option for raising compensation levels of direct care workers, with an eye toward improving recruitment and retention in long-term care settings.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29778083','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29778083"><span>Performance of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> multi-step multi-soil-layering systems for low-(C/N)-ratio polluted river water treatment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wei, Cai-Jie; Wu, Wei-Zhong</p> <p>2018-09-01</p> <p>Two kinds of hybrid two-step multi-soil-layering (MSL) systems loaded with different filter medias (zeolite-ceramsite MSL-1 and ceramsite-red clay MSL-2) were set-up for the low-(C/N)-ratio polluted river water treatment. A long-term pollutant removal performance of these two kinds of MSL systems was evaluated for 214 days. By-<span class="hlt">pass</span> was employed in MSL systems to evaluate its effect on nitrogen removal enhancement. Zeolite-ceramsite single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> MSL-1 system owns outstanding ammonia removal capability (24 g NH 4 + -Nm -2 d -1 ), 3 times higher than MSL-2 without zeolite under low aeration <span class="hlt">rate</span> condition (0.8 × 10 4  L m -2 .h -1 ). Aeration <span class="hlt">rate</span> up to 1.6 × 10 4  L m -2 .h -1 well satisfied the requirement of complete nitrification in first unit of both two MSLs. However, weak denitrification in second unit was commonly observed. By-<span class="hlt">pass</span> of 50% influent into second unit can improve about 20% TN removal <span class="hlt">rate</span> for both MSL-1 and MSL-2. Complete nitrification and denitrification was achieved in by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> MSL systems after addition of carbon source with the resulting C/N ratio up to 2.5. The characters of biofilms distributed in different sections inside MSL-1 system well illustrated the nitrogen removal mechanism inside MSL systems. Two kinds of MSLs are both promising as an appealing nitrifying biofilm reactor. Recirculation can be considered further for by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> MSL-2 system to ensure a complete ammonia removal. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EPSC....8...42K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EPSC....8...42K"><span>Chelyabinsk fireball and Dyatlov <span class="hlt">pass</span> tragedy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kochemasov, G. G.</p> <p>2013-09-01</p> <p>The Chelyabinsk bolide as well as the Kunashak meteorite in 1949 (Fig. 3, black square) hit ground in ectonically peculiar place in the Ural Mountains. The main explosion was followed by a series of weaker bangs. The long Uralian fold belt (Pz) separates two subsectors (1 & 2, Fig. 1) of the Eurasian sector (1+2) of the Eastern hemisphere sectoral structure (Fig. 1). At the Pamirs-Hindukush massif (the "Pamirs' cross") meet four tectonic sectors of this structure: two opposite differently uplifted (Africa-Mediterranean ++ and Asian +) and separating them two opposite differently subsided (Eurasian - and Indooceanic - -). Tectonic bisectors divide the sectors into two differently tectonically elevated subsectors. The Ural Mountains is one of these bisectors dividing the somewhat risen East-European subsector and the relatively fallen West-Siberian one. Even more important is the sharp tectonic boundary between subsided Eurasian sector and uplifted Asian one (between 2 and 3, Fig. 1). Fig. 3 shows distribution of electrophonic bolides over USSR [1]. Observations numbers are in circles. The total of 343 observations is distributed at relevant districts; accompanied meteorites were found only in 23-24 cases; in the chart are excluded background values of 1-2 observations per district. Two areas are obviously anomalous. These of the Urals, and the Eurasia-Asia sectoral contact (Novosibirsk - Yenisei R. - Tunguska). A location in the long Uralian belt is determined by its intersection with the Timan fold belt coming from the northwest (Fig. 3). The catastrophic Dyatlov <span class="hlt">pass</span> where nine people mysteriously died at once occurs there (triangle in Fig. 3). Mancy aborigines know this place as deadly where killing white shining spheres appear. Moreover this belt intersection is well known among hunters for UFO as the Permian triangle (Fig. 2). They meet there to observe unusual atmospheric shining and other anomalous phenomena. In the Yenisei-Tunguska-Baikal region lightning</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22995451','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22995451"><span>Spanish validation of the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (<span class="hlt">PAS-S</span>).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Barajas, Ana; Ochoa, Susana; Baños, Iris; Dolz, Montse; Villalta-Gil, Victoria; Vilaplana, Miriam; Autonell, Jaume; Sánchez, Bernardo; Cervilla, Jorge A; Foix, Alexandrina; Obiols, Jordi E; Haro, Josep Maria; Usall, Judith</p> <p>2013-02-01</p> <p>The Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS) has been the most widely used scale to quantify premorbid status in schizophrenia, coming to be regarded as the gold standard of retrospective assessment instruments. To examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the PAS (<span class="hlt">PAS-S</span>). Retrospective study of 140 individuals experiencing a first episode of psychosis (n=77) and individuals who have schizophrenia (n=63), both adult and adolescent patients. Data were collected through a socio-demographic questionnaire and a battery of instruments which includes the following scales: <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span>, PANSS, LSP, GAF and DAS-sv. The Cronbach's alpha was performed to assess the internal consistency of <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span>. Pearson's correlations were performed to assess the convergent and discriminant validity. The Cronbach's alpha of the <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> scale was 0.85. The correlation between social <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> and total <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> was 0.85 (p<0.001); while for academic <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> and total <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> it was 0.53 (p<0.001). Significant correlations were observed between all the scores of each age period evaluated across the <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> scale, with a significance value less than 0.001. There was a relationship between negative symptoms and social <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> (0.20, p<0.05) and total <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> (0.22, p<0.05), but not with academic <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span>. However, there was a correlation between academic <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> and general subscale of the PANSS (0.19, p<0.05). Social <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> was related to disability measures (DAS-sv); and academic <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> showed discriminant validity with most of the variables of social functioning. <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> did not show association with the total LSP scale (discriminant validity). The Spanish version of the Premorbid Adjustment Scale showed appropriate psychometric properties in patients experiencing a first episode of psychosis and who have a chronic evolution of the illness. Moreover, each domain of the <span class="hlt">PAS-S</span> (social and academic premorbid functioning) showed a differential relationship to other characteristics such as psychotic symptoms, disability</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nc0478.photos.345760p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nc0478.photos.345760p/"><span>60. Adney Gap. View of curvilinear alignment of parkway <span class="hlt">passing</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>60. Adney Gap. View of curvilinear alignment of parkway <span class="hlt">passing</span> through agricultural lease lands. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018QuEle..48..363V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018QuEle..48..363V"><span>Calculation of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> gain for laser ceramics with losses</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Vatnik, S. M.</p> <p>2018-04-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Rate</span> equations describing the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> gain in an active medium with losses are analytically solved. The found relations illustrate the dependences of the amplification efficiency of Nd : YAG ceramics on the pump power density and specific losses. It is concluded that specific losses can be estimated from comparative measurements of unsaturated and saturated gains.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title12-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title12-vol5-sec560-32.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title12-vol5/pdf/CFR-2011-title12-vol5-sec560-32.pdf"><span>12 CFR 560.32 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments. 560.32 Section 560.32 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Powers for Federal Savings Associations § 560.32 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments. (a) A...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol3-sec631-18.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol3-sec631-18.pdf"><span>20 CFR 631.18 - Federal by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> authority.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Federal by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> authority. 631.18 Section 631.18 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS UNDER... Secretary's intent to exercise by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> authority and an opportunity to request and to receive a hearing...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=volleyball&id=EJ1045270','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=volleyball&id=EJ1045270"><span>Teaching Strategies for the Forearm <span class="hlt">Pass</span> in Volleyball</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Casebolt, Kevin; Zhang, Peng; Brett, Christine</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This article shares teaching strategies for the forearm <span class="hlt">pass</span> in the game of volleyball and identifies how they will help students improve their performance and development of forearm <span class="hlt">passing</span> skills. The article also provides an assessment rubric to facilitate student understanding of the skill.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title12-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title12-vol5-sec560-32.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title12-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title12-vol5-sec560-32.pdf"><span>12 CFR 560.32 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments. 560.32 Section 560.32 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LENDING AND INVESTMENT Lending and Investment Powers for Federal Savings Associations § 560.32 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through investments. (a) A...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=memory+AND+database&pg=3&id=EJ673413','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=memory+AND+database&pg=3&id=EJ673413"><span>Efficient Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Index Construction for Text Databases.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Heinz, Steffen; Zobel, Justin</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>Discusses index construction for text collections, reviews principal approaches to inverted indexes, analyzes their theoretical cost, and presents experimental results of the use of a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> inversion method on Web document collections. Shows that the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> approach is faster and does not require the complete vocabulary of the indexed…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title48-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title48-vol4-sec652-237-71.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title48-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title48-vol4-sec652-237-71.pdf"><span>48 CFR 652.237-71 - Identification/Building <span class="hlt">Pass</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Identification/Building... Identification/Building <span class="hlt">Pass</span>. As prescribed in 637.110(b), insert the following clause. Identification/Building.... (1) The contractor shall obtain a Department of State building <span class="hlt">pass</span> for all employees performing...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec381-79.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec381-79.pdf"><span>9 CFR 381.79 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> of carcasses and parts.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> of carcasses and parts. 381.79 Section 381.79 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Carcasses and Parts § 381.79 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> of carcasses and parts. Each carcass and all organs and other parts of...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_11 --> <div id="page_12" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="221"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol1-sec80-825.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol1-sec80-825.pdf"><span>33 CFR 80.825 - Mississippi <span class="hlt">Passes</span>, LA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 28°54.5′ N., longitude 89°26.1′ W. (d) A line drawn from Mississippi River South <span class="hlt">Pass</span> East Jetty Light 4 to Mississippi River South <span class="hlt">Pass</span> West Jetty Light; thence following the general trend of the... general trend of the seaward, highwater shoreline in a southwesterly direction to Mississippi River...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title33-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title33-vol1-sec80-825.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title33-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title33-vol1-sec80-825.pdf"><span>33 CFR 80.825 - Mississippi <span class="hlt">Passes</span>, LA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 28°54.5′ N., longitude 89°26.1′ W. (d) A line drawn from Mississippi River South <span class="hlt">Pass</span> East Jetty Light 4 to Mississippi River South <span class="hlt">Pass</span> West Jetty Light; thence following the general trend of the... general trend of the seaward, highwater shoreline in a southwesterly direction to Mississippi River...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title47-vol1-sec6-9.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title47-vol1-sec6-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 6.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... achievable. In particular, signal compression technologies shall not remove information needed for access or... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 6.9 Section 6.9... Entities Do? § 6.9 Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. Telecommunications equipment and customer premises equipment...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca1451.photos.020563p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ca1451.photos.020563p/"><span>North elevation from shoulder of Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Road; Interstate Highway ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>North elevation from shoulder of Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Road; Interstate Highway 5 viaduct in background; former Western Pacific (now Union Pacific) Railroad at right; abandoned Southern Pacific right of way beneath bridge; view to southwest; 90 mm lens - Carroll Overhead Bridge, Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Road, Livermore, Alameda County, CA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=consequences+AND+climate+AND+change&pg=7&id=EJ825092','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=consequences+AND+climate+AND+change&pg=7&id=EJ825092"><span>Logical Consequences: Using <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Times to Prevent Misbehavior</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Harriman, Dion; Pierre, Christina</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>This article discusses the No <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Plan, a no-<span class="hlt">passing</span> policy implemented at White Bear Lake (MN) High School-North Campus in order to prevent chronic tardiness and misbehavior in the halls. The plan is an alternative consequence for administrators to use with students who are disruptive in the halls or consistently tardy to class. Suspending…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 7.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 7.9 Section 7.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL ACCESS TO VOICEMAIL AND INTERACTIVE MENU SERVICES AND EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Obligations-What Must Covered Entities Do? § 7.9 Information <span class="hlt">pass</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 7.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-10-01</p> <p>... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 7.9 Section 7.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL ACCESS TO VOICEMAIL AND INTERACTIVE MENU SERVICES AND EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Obligations-What Must Covered Entities Do? § 7.9 Information <span class="hlt">pass</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 7.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 7.9 Section 7.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL ACCESS TO VOICEMAIL AND INTERACTIVE MENU SERVICES AND EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Obligations-What Must Covered Entities Do? § 7.9 Information <span class="hlt">pass</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 7.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 7.9 Section 7.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL ACCESS TO VOICEMAIL AND INTERACTIVE MENU SERVICES AND EQUIPMENT BY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Obligations-What Must Covered Entities Do? § 7.9 Information <span class="hlt">pass</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22225345','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22225345"><span>Combinatorial games with a <span class="hlt">pass</span>: a dynamical systems approach.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Morrison, Rebecca E; Friedman, Eric J; Landsberg, Adam S</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>By treating combinatorial games as dynamical systems, we are able to address a longstanding open question in combinatorial game theory, namely, how the introduction of a "<span class="hlt">pass</span>" move into a game affects its behavior. We consider two well known combinatorial games, 3-pile Nim and 3-row Chomp. In the case of Nim, we observe that the introduction of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> dramatically alters the game's underlying structure, rendering it considerably more complex, while for Chomp, the <span class="hlt">pass</span> move is found to have relatively minimal impact. We show how these results can be understood by recasting these games as dynamical systems describable by dynamical recursion relations. From these recursion relations, we are able to identify underlying structural connections between these "games with <span class="hlt">passes</span>" and a recently introduced class of "generic (perturbed) games." This connection, together with a (non-rigorous) numerical stability analysis, allows one to understand and predict the effect of a <span class="hlt">pass</span> on a game.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5503366','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5503366"><span>Ductility Improvement of an AZ61 Magnesium Alloy through Two-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Submerged Friction Stir Processing</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Luo, Xicai; Cao, Genghua; Zhang, Wen; Qiu, Cheng; Zhang, Datong</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Friction stir processing (FSP) has been considered as a novel technique to refine the grain size and homogenize the microstructure of metallic materials. In this study, two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FSP was conducted under water to enhance the cooling <span class="hlt">rate</span> during processing, and an AZ61 magnesium alloy with fine-grained and homogeneous microstructure was prepared through this method. Compared to the as-cast material, one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FSP resulted in grain refinement and the β-Mg17Al12 phase was broken into small particles. Using a smaller stirring tool and an overlapping ratio of 100%, a finer and more uniform microstructure with an average grain size of 4.6 μm was obtained through two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FSP. The two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FSP resulted in a significant improvement in elongation of 37.2% ± 4.3%, but a slight decrease in strength compared with one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> FSP alloy. Besides the microstructure refinement, the texture evolution in the stir zone is also considered responsible for the ductility improvement. PMID:28772614</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23986142','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23986142"><span>Setting and validating the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score for the NBDHE.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Tsai, Tsung-Hsun; Dixon, Barbara Leatherman</p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>This report describes the overall process used for setting the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score for the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE). The Objective Standard Setting (OSS) method was used for setting the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score for the NBDHE. The OSS method requires a panel of experts to determine the criterion items and proportion of these items that minimally competent candidates would answer correctly, the percentage of mastery and the confidence level of the error band. A panel of 11 experts was selected by the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations (Joint Commission). Panel members represented geographic distribution across the U.S. and had the following characteristics: full-time dental hygiene practitioners with experience in areas of preventive, periodontal, geriatric and special needs care, and full-time dental hygiene educators with experience in areas of scientific basis for dental hygiene practice, provision of clinical dental hygiene services and community health/research principles. Utilizing the expert panel's judgments, the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score was set and then the score scale was established using the Rasch measurement model. Statistical and psychometric analysis shows the actual failure <span class="hlt">rate</span> and the OSS failure <span class="hlt">rate</span> are reasonably consistent (2.4% vs. 2.8%). The analysis also showed the lowest error of measurement, an index of the precision at the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score point and that the highest reliability (0.97) are achieved at the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score point. The <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail score is a valid guide for making decisions about candidates for dental hygiene licensure. This new standard was reviewed and approved by the Joint Commission and was implemented beginning in 2011.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhyA..496..233Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhyA..496..233Z"><span>Collective behavior of mice <span class="hlt">passing</span> through an exit under panic</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhang, Teng; Zhang, Xuelin; Huang, Shenshi; Li, Changhai; Lu, Shouxiang</p> <p>2018-04-01</p> <p>Collective movement of animal in emergency condition has attracted growing attentions among researchers. However, many rules still need to be confirmed with adequate explanation. Study of collective behavior of mice can improve our understanding about the dynamics of pedestrian movement. However, its rules still need to be confirmed with adequate explanation. In this paper, collective behavior of mice <span class="hlt">passing</span> through an exit under panic was investigated. The results showed that the total evacuation time decreased with exit width increasing in a certain range. Based on the different tendency of the curve in temporal evolution, the process of mice flow was divided into three stages. The density of mice near the exit peaks at a certain horizontal offset and starts to decrease over time. With the increase of the exit width, the duration of the higher density state decreased. We found that the frequency of time intervals obeyed a lognormal distribution or an exponential decay for different exit widths. In addition, the relationship between the group size and the group flow <span class="hlt">rate</span> in different scenarios was analyzed. The phenomena found in our experiments show the collective behavioral characteristic of mice under panic. Our analysis in this paper will deepen our understanding of crowd dynamics in emergency condition.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017SPIE10073E..0LT','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017SPIE10073E..0LT"><span>Double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> imaging through scattering (Conference Presentation)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tajahuerce, Enrique; Andrés Bou, Pedro; Artal, Pablo; Lancis, Jesús</p> <p>2017-02-01</p> <p>In the last years, single-pixel imaging (SPI) was established as a suitable tool for non-invasive imaging of an absorbing object completely embedded in an inhomogeneous medium. One of the main characteristics of the technique is that it uses very simple sensors (bucket detectors such as photodiodes or photomultiplier tubes) combined with structured illumination and mathematical algorithms to recover the image. This reduction in complexity of the sensing device gives these systems the opportunity to obtain images at shallow depth overcoming the scattering problem. Nonetheless, some challenges, such as the need for improved signal-to-noise or the frame <span class="hlt">rate</span>, remain to be tackled before extensive use in practical systems. Also, for intact or live optically thick tissues, epi-detection is commonly used, while present implementations of SPI are limited to transillumination geometries. In this work we present new features and some recent advances in SPI that involve either the use of computationally efficient algorithms for adaptive sensing or a balanced detection mechanism. Additionally, SPI has been adapted to handle reflected light to create a double <span class="hlt">pass</span> optical system. Such developments represent a significant step towards the use of SPI in more realistic scenarios, especially in biophotonics applications. In particular, we show the design of a single-pixel ophtalmoscope as a novel way of imaging the retina in real time.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ITEIS.128..919O','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008ITEIS.128..919O"><span>Static Noise Margin Enhancement by Flex-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>-Gate SRAM</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>O'Uchi, Shin-Ichi; Masahara, Meishoku; Sakamoto, Kunihiro; Endo, Kazuhiko; Liu, Yungxun; Matsukawa, Takashi; Sekigawa, Toshihiro; Koike, Hanpei; Suzuki, Eiichi</p> <p></p> <p>A Flex-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>-Gate SRAM, i.e. a fin-type-field-effect-transistor- (FinFET-) based SRAM, is proposed to enhance noise margin during both read and write operations. In its cell, the flip-flop is composed of usual three-terminal- (3T-) FinFETs while <span class="hlt">pass</span> gates are composed of four-terminal- (4T-) FinFETs. The 4T-FinFETs enable to adopt a dynamic threshold-voltage control in the <span class="hlt">pass</span> gates. During a write operation, the threshold voltage of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> gates is lowered to enhance the writing speed and stability. During the read operation, on the other hand, the threshold voltage is raised to enhance the static noise margin. An asymmetric-oxide 4T-FinFET is helpful to manage the leakage current through the <span class="hlt">pass</span> gate. In this paper, a design strategy of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> gate with an asymmetric gate oxide is considered, and a TCAD-based Monte Carlo simulation reveals that the Flex-<span class="hlt">Pass</span>-Gate SRAM based on that design strategy is expected to be effective in half-pitch 32-nm technology for low-standby-power (LSTP) applications, even taking into account the variability in the device performance.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6888129-physical-hydrologic-characteristics-matlacha-pass-southwestern-florida','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6888129-physical-hydrologic-characteristics-matlacha-pass-southwestern-florida"><span>Physical and hydrologic characteristics of Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, southwestern Florida</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Kane, R.L.; Russell, G.M.</p> <p>1994-03-01</p> <p>Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is part of the connected inshore waters of the Charlotte Harbor estuary in southwestern Florida. Bathymetry indicates that depths in the main channel of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> range from 4 to 14 feet below sea level. The channel averages about 8 feet deep in the northern part of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> and about 5 feet deep in the southern part. Additionally, depths average about 4 feet in a wide section of the middle of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> and about 2 feet along the mangrove swamps near the shoreline. Tidal flow within Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> varies depending on aquatic vegetation densities, oyster beds,more » and tidal flats. Surface-water runoff occurs primarily during the wet season (May to September), with most of the flow entering the Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> through two openings in the spreader canal system near the city of Matlacha. Freshwater flow into the <span class="hlt">pass</span> from the north Cape Coral spreader canal system averaged 113 cubic feet per second from October 1987 to September 1992. Freshwater inflow from the Aries Canal of the south Cape Coral spreader canal system averaged 14.1 cubic feet per second from October 1989 to September 1992. Specific conductance throughout Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> ranged from less than 1,000 to 57,000 microsiemens per centimeter. Specific conductance, collected from a continuous monitoring data logger in the middle of the <span class="hlt">pass</span> from February to September 1992, averaged 36,000 microsiemens per centimeter at 2 feet below the water surface and 40,000 microsiemens per centimeter at 2 feet above the bottom. During both the wet and dry seasons, specific conductance indicated that the primary mixing of tidal waters and freshwater inflow occurs in the mangrove swamps along the shoreline.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001AcAau..49..365J','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001AcAau..49..365J"><span>Does the endolymph <span class="hlt">pass</span> through the base of the cupula?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Jijiwa, H.; Watanabe, N.; Hattori, T.; Matuda, F.; Hashiba, M.; Mizuno, Y.; Shindo, M.; Watanabe, S.</p> <p>2001-08-01</p> <p>Whether the endolymph of the semicircular canal <span class="hlt">passes</span> the cupular partition or not was examined using the lateral semicircular canal system of adult pigeons (Columba livia). By applying various pressures by means of injection of a dye solution through the membranous canal, it was found that the dye solution was seen to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the cupula even under very low pressures when the pressure was increased gradually. When pulled by a magnet, the ultrafine particles of the dextran magnetite contained in the injected fluid were found to <span class="hlt">pass</span> through the subcupular space without evident increase of the ampullary pressure.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4606479','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4606479"><span>The reliability of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decision for assessments comprised of multiple components</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Möltner, Andreas; Tımbıl, Sevgi; Jünger, Jana</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Objective: The decision having the most serious consequences for a student taking an assessment is the one to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail that student. For this reason, the reliability of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decision must be determined for high quality assessments, just as the measurement reliability of the point values. Assessments in a particular subject (graded course credit) are often composed of multiple components that must be <span class="hlt">passed</span> independently of each other. When “conjunctively” combining separate <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decisions, as with other complex decision rules for <span class="hlt">passing</span>, adequate methods of analysis are necessary for estimating the accuracy and consistency of these classifications. To date, very few papers have addressed this issue; a generally applicable procedure was published by Douglas and Mislevy in 2010. Using the example of an assessment comprised of several parts that must be <span class="hlt">passed</span> separately, this study analyzes the reliability underlying the decision to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail students and discusses the impact of an improved method for identifying those who do not fulfill the minimum requirements. Method: The accuracy and consistency of the decision to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail an examinee in the subject cluster Internal Medicine/General Medicine/Clinical Chemistry at the University of Heidelberg’s Faculty of Medicine was investigated. This cluster requires students to separately <span class="hlt">pass</span> three components (two written exams and an OSCE), whereby students may reattempt to <span class="hlt">pass</span> each component twice. Our analysis was carried out using the method described by Douglas and Mislevy. Results: Frequently, when complex logical connections exist between the individual <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail decisions in the case of low failure <span class="hlt">rates</span>, only a very low reliability for the overall decision to grant graded course credit can be achieved, even if high reliabilities exist for the various components. For the example analyzed here, the classification accuracy and consistency when conjunctively combining the three individual</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26973736','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26973736"><span>Factors Associated with First-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Success in Pediatric Intubation in the Emergency Department.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Goto, Tadahiro; Gibo, Koichiro; Hagiwara, Yusuke; Okubo, Masashi; Brown, David F M; Brown, Calvin A; Hasegawa, Kohei</p> <p>2016-03-01</p> <p>The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success in pediatric intubation in the emergency department (ED). We analyzed the data from two multicenter prospective studies of ED intubation in 17 EDs between April 2010 and September 2014. The studies prospectively measured patient's age, sex, principal indication for intubation, methods (e.g., rapid sequence intubation [RSI]), devices, and intubator's level of training and specialty. To evaluate independent predictors of first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success, we fit logistic regression model with generalized estimating equations. In the sensitivity analysis, we repeated the analysis in children <10 years. A total of 293 children aged ≤18 years who underwent ED intubation were eligible for the analysis. The overall first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success <span class="hlt">rate</span> was 60% (95%CI [54%-66%]). In the multivariable model, age ≥10 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.45; 95% CI [1.23-4.87]), use of RSI (aOR, 2.17; 95% CI [1.31-3.57]), and intubation attempt by an emergency physician (aOR, 3.21; 95% CI [1.78-5.83]) were significantly associated with a higher chance of first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success. Likewise, in the sensitivity analysis, the use of RSI (aOR, 3.05; 95% CI [1.63-5.70]), and intubation attempt by an emergency physician (aOR, 4.08; 95% CI [1.92-8.63]) were significantly associated with a higher chance of first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success. Based on two large multicenter prospective studies of ED airway management, we found that older age, use of RSI, and intubation by emergency physicians were the independent predictors of a higher chance of first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> success in children. Our findings should facilitate investigations to develop optimal airway management strategies in critically-ill children in the ED.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa2222.photos.356365p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa2222.photos.356365p/"><span>8. ROOF OF MACHINE SHOP, NOTE COAL BARGE <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> ON ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>8. ROOF OF MACHINE SHOP, NOTE COAL BARGE <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> ON RIVER, TAKEN FROM HIGH STREET-LOOKING NORTH. - W. A. Young & Sons Foundry & Machine Shop, On Water Street along Monongahela River, Rices Landing, Greene County, PA</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_12 --> <div id="page_13" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="241"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nc0478.photos.345758p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nc0478.photos.345758p/"><span>58. Adney Gap. View of curvilinear. Alignment of parkway <span class="hlt">passing</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>58. Adney Gap. View of curvilinear. Alignment of parkway <span class="hlt">passing</span> through agricultural lease lands. Looking south-southwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70001435','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70001435"><span>Search for plutonium-244 tracks in mountain <span class="hlt">pass</span> bastnaesite</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Fleischer, R.L.; Naeser, C.W.</p> <p>1972-01-01</p> <p>WE have found that bastnaesite, a rare earth fluorocarbonate, from the Precambrian Mountain <span class="hlt">Pass</span> deposit has an apparent Cretaceous fission track age, and hence does not reveal any anomalous fission tracks due to 244Pu. ?? 1972 Nature Publishing Group.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/oh0121.photos.191462p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/oh0121.photos.191462p/"><span>CONTEXT VIEW SHOWING MODERN TRACKS <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> UNDER HULETTS AND ORE ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>CONTEXT VIEW SHOWING MODERN TRACKS <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> UNDER HULETTS AND ORE YARD. LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Pennsylvania Railway Ore Dock, Lake Erie at Whiskey Island, approximately 1.5 miles west of Public Square, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19720047842&hterms=raghunath&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAuthor-Name%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Draghunath','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19720047842&hterms=raghunath&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAuthor-Name%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Draghunath"><span>A distributed lumped active all-<span class="hlt">pass</span> network configuration.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Huelsman, L. P.; Raghunath, S.</p> <p>1972-01-01</p> <p>In this correspondence a new and interesting distributed lumped active network configuration that realizes an all-<span class="hlt">pass</span> network function is described. A design chart for determining the values of the network elements is included.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/fl0542.photos.207956p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/fl0542.photos.207956p/"><span>VIEW OF NORTH WALL OF KITCHEN SHOWING DOORWAY AND <span class="hlt">PASS</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>VIEW OF NORTH WALL OF KITCHEN SHOWING DOORWAY AND <span class="hlt">PASS</span> THROUGH TO DINING ROOM IN PAULINE KILKER HOUSE, FACING NORTH. - Pauline Kilker House, 1410 North Lincoln Avenue-3300 West Laurel Street, Tampa, Hillsborough County, FL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0822.photos.576726p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0822.photos.576726p/"><span>Redwood tanks with pipeline on trestle <span class="hlt">passing</span> behind. Old rain ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Redwood tanks with pipeline on trestle <span class="hlt">passing</span> behind. Old rain shed (Building No. 43) can be seen at right behind the trestle. - Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Water Collection System, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Volcano, Hawaii County, HI</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/24378','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/24378"><span>Practical operational implementation of Teton <span class="hlt">Pass</span> avalanche monitoring infrasound system.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2008-12-01</p> <p>Highway snow avalanche forecasting programs typically rely on weather and field observations to make road closure and hazard : evaluations. Recently, infrasonic avalanche monitoring technology has been developed for practical use near Teton <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, WY ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28792314','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28792314"><span>Plea to lower English test <span class="hlt">pass</span> marks for EEA nurses.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Longhurst, Chris</p> <p>2017-08-09</p> <p>Nurses from a group campaigning for the rights of EU citizens in the UK after Brexit are meeting the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) to press for the <span class="hlt">pass</span> mark for English language tests to be lowered.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3745.photos.362085p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3745.photos.362085p/"><span>10. DECK GIRDER, <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> ABOVE FORMER STATION, LOOKING NORTH NEAR ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>10. DECK GIRDER, <span class="hlt">PASSING</span> ABOVE FORMER STATION, LOOKING NORTH NEAR 4TH STREET. - Philadelphia & Western Railway, Bridgeport Bridge, Spanning Schulykill River, west of DeKalb Street, Bridgeport, Montgomery County, PA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/2154','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/2154"><span>Port-of-entry advanced sorting system (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) operational test</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>1998-12-01</p> <p>In 1992 the Oregon Department of Transportation undertook an operational test of the Port-of-Entry Advanced Sorting System (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>), which uses a two-way communication automatic vehicle identification system, integrated with weigh-in-motion, automatic ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25624118','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25624118"><span>Validation of the one <span class="hlt">pass</span> measure for motivational interviewing competence.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>McMaster, Fiona; Resnicow, Ken</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>This paper examines the psychometric properties of the One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> coding system: a new, user-friendly tool for evaluating practitioner competence in motivational interviewing (MI). We provide data on reliability and validity with the current gold-standard: Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity tool (MITI). We compared scores from 27 videotaped MI sessions performed by student counselors trained in MI and simulated patients using both One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> and MITI, with three different raters for each tool. Reliability was estimated using intra-class coefficients (ICCs), and validity was assessed using Pearson's r. One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> had high levels of inter-rater reliability with 19/23 items found from substantial to almost perfect agreement. Taking the pair of scores with the highest inter-rater reliability on the MITI, the concurrent validity between the two measures ranged from moderate to high. Validity was highest for evocation, autonomy, direction and empathy. One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> appears to have good inter-rater reliability while capturing similar dimensions of MI as the MITI. Despite the moderate concurrent validity with the MITI, the One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> shows promise in evaluating both traditional and novel interpretations of MI. One<span class="hlt">Pass</span> may be a useful tool for developing and improving practitioner competence in MI where access to MITI coders is limited. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28012360','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28012360"><span>Nursing students' attendance at learning activities in relation to attainment and <span class="hlt">passing</span> courses: A prospective quantitative study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rejnö, Åsa; Nordin, Per; Forsgren, Susanne; Sundell, Yvonne; Rudolfsson, Gudrun</p> <p>2017-03-01</p> <p>Students' motivation and ways of engaging in their schoolwork are important for their performance, including <span class="hlt">passing</span> exams. Attendance at learning activities has also been argued to be of major importance, although no causal relationship with <span class="hlt">passing</span> exams has been established in nursing education. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of attendance at nonmandatory learning activities on attainment, in terms of <span class="hlt">passing</span> or failing of exams, in nursing education courses including both mandatory and non-mandatory activities. A prospective quantitative design. The nursing education programme at a Swedish university. Nursing students (n=361) from two courses and four classes within the nursing programme. Attendance was registered at every non-mandatory teaching activity by asking the students to note their attendance on a list. Data such as sex, age, and whether the students had <span class="hlt">passed</span> the exam were also collected for each course and each semester separately. Increased participation was associated with an increasing proportion of students <span class="hlt">passing</span> the exam. The chance of <span class="hlt">passing</span> the exam increased by 13% for every additional learning occasion attended. Logistic regression showed an OR of 5.4 for an attendance of 100%. An increase in attendance gave a higher proportion of exam <span class="hlt">passes</span>. Encouraging students to attend non-mandatory learning activities could be of value, and potentially contribute to an increased graduation <span class="hlt">rate</span> for nursing students. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25768182','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25768182"><span>Ultra-compact resonant tunneling-based TE-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizers for SOI platform.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Azzam, Shaimaa I; Obayya, Salah S A</p> <p>2015-03-15</p> <p>We investigate the polarization-dependent resonance tunneling effect in silicon waveguides to achieve ultra-compact and highly efficient polarization fitters for integrated silicon photonics, to the best of our knowledge for the first time. We hence propose simple structures for silicon-on-insulator transverse electric (TE)-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and transverse magnetic (TM)-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizers based on the resonance tunneling effect in silicon waveguides. The suggested TE-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer has insertion losses (IL), extinction ratio (ER), and return losses (RL) of 0.004 dB, 18 dB, and 24 dB, respectively; whereas, the TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer is characterized by IL, ER, and RL of 0.15 dB, 20 dB, and 23 dB, respectively. Both polarizers have an ultra-short device length of only 1.35 and 1.31 μm for the TE-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and the TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizers which are the shortest reported lengths to the best of our knowledge.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014GML....34..457M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014GML....34..457M"><span>Late Quaternary history of contourite drifts and variations in Labrador Current flow, Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, offshore eastern Canada</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Marshall, Nicole R.; Piper, David J. W.; Saint-Ange, Francky; Campbell, D. Calvin</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>Contourite drifts of alternating sand and mud, shaped by the Labrador Current, formed during the late Quaternary in Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span> seaward of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, Canada. The drifts preserve a record of Labrador Current flow variations through the last glacial maximum. A high-resolution seismic profile and a transect of four cores were collected across Beothuk drift on the southeast side of Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span>. Downcore and lateral trends in grain size and sedimentation <span class="hlt">rate</span> provide evidence that, between 16 and 13 ka, sediment was partitioned across Beothuk drift and the adjacent Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span> floor by a strong current flow but, from 29 to 16 ka, sedimentation was more of a blanketing style, represented by draped reflections interpreted as being due to a weaker current. The data poorly resolve the low sedimentation <span class="hlt">rates</span> since 13 ka, but the modern Labrador Current in Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is the strongest it has been in at least the past 29 ka. Pre-29 ka current flow is interpreted based on reflection architecture in seismic profiles. A prominent drift on the southwestern side of Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span> formed above a mid-Miocene erosion surface, but was buried by a mass-transport deposit after the penultimate glacial maximum and after drift deposition switched to eastern Flemish <span class="hlt">Pass</span>. These findings illustrate the temporal complexity of drift sedimentation and provide the first detailed proxy for Labrador Current flow since the last glacial maximum.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/AD1036289','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/AD1036289"><span>Detection and Discrimination in One <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Using the OPTEMA Towed Array</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2017-02-21</p> <p>classification survey was performed using the One <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Time domain EM Array (OPTEMA) at the former Southwestern Proving Ground near Hope, AR. Over...small arms ammunition, 20 to 155 mm projectiles, mortars, rockets, grenades, and up to 500-lb bombs [7]. Following the end of World War II, the proving...Range summary report [5]. It is assumed that combined field survey and analysis <span class="hlt">rates</span> of $1000/acre for an EM -61 DGM survey and $30/anomaly for a</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA536622','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA536622"><span>Channel Dredging and Geomorphic Response at and Adjacent to Mobile <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Alabama</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-09-01</p> <p>Aug 3 Gulf Shores, AL 1 974 80 Erin 1995 Oct 4 Perdido Key, FL 3 938 110 Opal 1997 Jul 19 Mobile <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, AL 1 987 65 Danny 1998 Sept 28 Ship Island...study evaluating the potential impacts of offshore sand mining on coastal change. Overall, many authors discuss the effect of hurricanes on...longshore sand transport <span class="hlt">rate</span> for the ocean fronting portion of Dauphin Island. As such, potential uncertainty calculations can be deter- mined relative</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/35099','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/35099"><span>Analyzing Driver Behavior in <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Zones with Differential Speed Limits on Two-Lane Two-Way Undivided Highways in Alaska</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2017-12-01</p> <p>Due to the relatively high crash <span class="hlt">rates</span> attributed to two lane highways in Alaska, solutions have been explored to improve safety by providing <span class="hlt">passing</span> lanes to give drivers a better chance to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the slow moving vehicles. Drivers of slow moving vehic...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AN....325..643D','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AN....325..643D"><span>A prototype for the <span class="hlt">PASS</span> Permanent All Sky Survey</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Deeg, H. J.; Alonso, R.; Belmonte, J. A.; Horne, K.; Alsubai, K.; Collier Cameron, A.; Doyle, L. R.</p> <p>2004-10-01</p> <p>A prototype system for the Permanent All Sky Survey (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) project is presented. <span class="hlt">PASS</span> is a continuous photometric survey of the entire celestial sphere with a high temporal resolution. Its major objectives are the detection of all giant-planet transits (with periods up to some weeks) across stars up to mag 10.5, and to deliver continuously photometry that is useful for the study of any variable stars. The prototype is based on CCD cameras with short focal length optics on a fixed mount. A small dome to house it at Teide Observatory, Tenerife, is currently being constructed. A placement at the antarctic Dome C is also being considered. The prototype will be used for a feasibility study of <span class="hlt">PASS</span>, to define the best observing strategies, and to perform a detailed characterization of the capabilities and scope of the survey. Afterwards, a first partial sky surveying will be started with it. That first survey may be able to detect transiting planets during its first few hundred hours of operation. It will also deliver a data set around which software modules dealing with the various scientific objectives of <span class="hlt">PASS</span> will be developed. The <span class="hlt">PASS</span> project is still in its early phase and teams interested in specific scientific objectives, in providing technical expertise, or in participating with own observations are invited to collaborate.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23942458','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23942458"><span>Security analysis and improvements to the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Brumen, Bostjan; Heričko, Marjan; Rozman, Ivan; Hölbl, Marko</p> <p>2013-08-13</p> <p>In a recent paper, Pietro Cipresso et al proposed the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method, a simple way to create strong passwords that are easy to remember. However, the method has some security issues that need to be addressed. To perform a security analysis on the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method and outline the limitations of and possible improvements to the method. We used the brute force analysis and dictionary attack analysis of the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method to outline its weaknesses. The first issue with the Psychopass method is that it requires the password reproduction on the same keyboard layout as was used to generate the password. The second issue is a security weakness: although the produced password is 24 characters long, the password is still weak. We elaborate on the weakness and propose a solution that produces strong passwords. The proposed version first requires the use of the SHIFT and ALT-GR keys in combination with other keys, and second, the keys need to be 1-2 distances apart. The proposed improved Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method yields passwords that can be broken only in hundreds of years based on current computing powers. The proposed Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method requires 10 keys, as opposed to 20 keys in the original method, for comparable password strength.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3742392','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3742392"><span>Security Analysis and Improvements to the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background In a recent paper, Pietro Cipresso et al proposed the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method, a simple way to create strong passwords that are easy to remember. However, the method has some security issues that need to be addressed. Objective To perform a security analysis on the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method and outline the limitations of and possible improvements to the method. Methods We used the brute force analysis and dictionary attack analysis of the Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method to outline its weaknesses. Results The first issue with the Psychopass method is that it requires the password reproduction on the same keyboard layout as was used to generate the password. The second issue is a security weakness: although the produced password is 24 characters long, the password is still weak. We elaborate on the weakness and propose a solution that produces strong passwords. The proposed version first requires the use of the SHIFT and ALT-GR keys in combination with other keys, and second, the keys need to be 1-2 distances apart. Conclusions The proposed improved Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method yields passwords that can be broken only in hundreds of years based on current computing powers. The proposed Psycho<span class="hlt">Pass</span> method requires 10 keys, as opposed to 20 keys in the original method, for comparable password strength. PMID:23942458</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_13 --> <div id="page_14" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="261"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27287896','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27287896"><span>Is current surgery resident and GI fellow training adequate to <span class="hlt">pass</span> FES?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gardner, Aimee K; Scott, Daniel J; Willis, Ross E; Van Sickle, Kent; Truitt, Michael S; Uecker, John; Brown, Kimberly M; Marks, Jeffrey M; Dunkin, Brian J</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to assess the adequacy of current surgical residency and gastroenterology (GI) fellowship flexible endoscopy training as measured by performance on the FES examination. Fifth-year general surgery residents and GI fellows across six institutions were invited to participate. All general surgery residents had met ACGME/ABS case volume requirements as well as additional institution-specific requirements for endoscopy. All participants completed FES testing at the end of their respective academic year. Procedure volumes were obtained from ACGME case logs. Curricular components for each specialty and institution were recorded. Forty-eight (28 surgery and 20 GI) trainees completed the examination. Average case numbers for residents were 76 ± 26 colonoscopies and 45 ± 12 EGDs. Among GI fellows, PGY4 s (N = 10) reported 99 ± 64 colonoscopies and 147 ± 79 EGDs. PGY5 s (N = 3) reported 462 ± 307 colonoscopies and 411 ± 260 EGDs. PGY6 GI fellows (N = 7) reported 515 ± 111 colonoscopies and 418 ± 146 EGDs. The overall <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> for all participants was 75 %, with 68 % of residents and 85 % of fellows <span class="hlt">passing</span> both the cognitive and skills components. For surgery residents, <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> were 75 % for manual skills and 85.7 % for cognitive. On the skills examination, Task 2 (loop reduction) was associated with the lowest performance. Skills scores correlated with both colonoscopy (r = 0.46, p < 0.001) and EGD experience (r = 0.46, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristics curves were examined among the resident cohort. The minimum number of total cases associated with <span class="hlt">passing</span> the FES skills component was 103. Significant variability existed in curricular components across institutions. These data suggest that current flexible endoscopy training may not be sufficient for all trainees to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the examination. Implementing additional components of the FEC may prove beneficial in achieving more uniform <span class="hlt">pass</span></p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1024628','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1024628"><span>A Study of Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Ion Effects at the ALS</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Byrd, J.M.; Thomson, J.; /LBL, Berkeley</p> <p>2011-09-13</p> <p>We report the results of experiments on a 'fast beam-ion instability' at the Advanced Light Source (ALS). This ion instability, which can arise even when the ions are not trapped over multiple beam passages, will likely be important for many future accelerators. In our experiments, we filled the ALS storage ring with helium gas, raising the pressure approximately two orders of magnitude above the nominal pressure. With gaps in the bunch train large enough to avoid conventional (multi-turn) ion trapping, we observed a factor of 2-3 increase in the vertical beam size along with coherent beam oscillations which increased alongmore » the bunch train. Ion trapping has long been recognized as a potential limitation in electron storage rings. The ions, generated by beam-gas collisions, become trapped in the negative potential of the beam and accumulate over multiple beam passages. The trapped ions are then observed to cause a number of deleterious effects such as an increasing beam phase space, a broadening and shifting of the beam transverse oscillation frequencies (tunes), collective beam instabilities, and beam lifetime reductions. All of these effects are of concern for the next generation of accelerators, such as the B-factories or damping rings for future linear colliders, which will store high beam currents with closely spaced bunches and ultra-low beam emittances. One of the standard solutions used to prevent ion trapping is to include a gap in the bunch train which is long compared to the bunch spacing. In this case, the ions are first strongly-focused by the <span class="hlt">passing</span> electron bunches and then over-focused in the gap. With a sufficiently large gap, the ions can be driven to large amplitudes where they form a diffuse halo and do not affect the beam. In this paper, we describe experiments that study a new regime of transient ion instabilities predicted to arise in future electron storage rings, and linacs with bunch trains. These future rings and linacs, which</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23772213','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23772213"><span>Efficiently <span class="hlt">passing</span> messages in distributed spiking neural network simulation.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Thibeault, Corey M; Minkovich, Kirill; O'Brien, Michael J; Harris, Frederick C; Srinivasa, Narayan</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Efficiently <span class="hlt">passing</span> spiking messages in a neural model is an important aspect of high-performance simulation. As the scale of networks has increased so has the size of the computing systems required to simulate them. In addition, the information exchange of these resources has become more of an impediment to performance. In this paper we explore spike message <span class="hlt">passing</span> using different mechanisms provided by the Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Interface (MPI). A specific implementation, MVAPICH, designed for high-performance clusters with Infiniband hardware is employed. The focus is on providing information about these mechanisms for users of commodity high-performance spiking simulators. In addition, a novel hybrid method for spike exchange was implemented and benchmarked.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19870017079','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19870017079"><span>MPF: A portable message <span class="hlt">passing</span> facility for shared memory multiprocessors</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Malony, Allen D.; Reed, Daniel A.; Mcguire, Patrick J.</p> <p>1987-01-01</p> <p>The design, implementation, and performance evaluation of a message <span class="hlt">passing</span> facility (MPF) for shared memory multiprocessors are presented. The MPF is based on a message <span class="hlt">passing</span> model conceptually similar to conversations. Participants (parallel processors) can enter or leave a conversation at any time. The message <span class="hlt">passing</span> primitives for this model are implemented as a portable library of C function calls. The MPF is currently operational on a Sequent Balance 21000, and several parallel applications were developed and tested. Several simple benchmark programs are presented to establish interprocess communication performance for common patterns of interprocess communication. Finally, performance figures are presented for two parallel applications, linear systems solution, and iterative solution of partial differential equations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhPro..55..416S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhPro..55..416S"><span>Characterization and Modeling of Dual Stage Quadruple <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Configurations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Sellami, M.; Sellami, A.; Berrah, S.</p> <p></p> <p>In this paper, the proposed system achieves a gain of 62dBs. It employs a dual-stage (DS) to enhance the amplification and a tunable band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter (TBF) to filter out the backward amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) that degrades the signal amplification at the input end of the EDFA. The technique there by reduces the effect of ASE self-saturation [1]. This configuration is also useful in reducing the sensitivity of the EDFA to extra strenuous reflections caused by imperfections of the splices and other optical components [2]. as well as improving noise figure and gain. The experimental work will build up by using the active component Silica based EDF (Si-EDF) in Dual Stage Quadruple <span class="hlt">Pass</span> (DSQP) configuration. By using Tunable Band <span class="hlt">pass</span> Filter (TBF) in DSQP between the port 1 and port 2 of circulators (CRT2, CRT3) to filter out the unwanted ASE.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21986097','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21986097"><span>Establishing <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail criteria for bronchoscopy performance.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Konge, Lars; Clementsen, Paul; Larsen, Klaus Richter; Arendrup, Henrik; Buchwald, Christian; Ringsted, Charlotte</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Several tools have been created to assess competence in bronchoscopy. However, educational guidelines still use an arbitrary number of performed procedures to decide when basic competency is acquired. The purpose of this study was to define <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scores for two bronchoscopy assessment tools, and investigate how these scores relate to physicians' experience regarding the number of bronchoscopy procedures performed. We studied two assessment tools and used two standard setting methods to create cut scores: the contrasting-groups method and the extended Angoff method. In the first we compared bronchoscopy performance scores of 14 novices with the scores of 14 experienced consultants to find the score that best discriminated between the two groups. In the second we asked an expert group of 7 experienced bronchoscopists to judge how a borderline trainee would perform on each item of the test. Using the contrasting-groups method we found a standard that would fail all novices and <span class="hlt">pass</span> all consultants. A clear <span class="hlt">pass</span> related to prior experience of 75 procedures. The consequences of using the extended Angoff method were also acceptable: all trainees who had performed less than 50 bronchoscopies failed the test and all consultants <span class="hlt">passed</span>. A clear <span class="hlt">pass</span> related to 80 procedures. Our proposed <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scores for these two methods seem appropriate in terms of consequences. Prior experience with the performance of 75 and 80 bronchoscopies, respectively, seemed to ensure basic competency. In the future objective assessment tools could become an important aid in the certification of physicians performing bronchoscopies. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19920000898','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19920000898"><span>Personal Access Satellite System (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) study. Fiscal year 1989 results</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Sue, Miles K. (Editor)</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>The Jet Propulsion Laboratory is exploring the potential and feasibility of a personal access satellite system (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) that will offer the user greater freedom and mobility than existing or currently planned communications systems. Studies performed in prior years resulted in a strawman design and the identification of technologies that are critical to the successful implementation of <span class="hlt">PASS</span>. The study efforts in FY-89 were directed towards alternative design options with the objective of either improving the system performance or alleviating the constraints on the user terminal. The various design options and system issues studied this year and the results of the study are presented.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9474E..09G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9474E..09G"><span>Two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> smoother based on the SVSF estimation strategy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Gadsden, S. A.; Al-Shabi, M.; Kirubarajan, T.</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>The smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) has seen significant development and research activity in recent years. It is based on sliding mode concepts, which utilizes a switching gain that brings an inherent amount of stability to the estimation process. In this paper, the SVSF is reformulated to present a two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> smoother based on the SVSF gain. The proposed method is applied on an aerospace flight surface actuator, and the results are compared with the popular Kalman-based two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> smoother.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9817E..1EL','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9817E..1EL"><span>The serial message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> schedule for LDPC decoding algorithms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Liu, Mingshan; Liu, Shanshan; Zhou, Yuan; Jiang, Xue</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>The conventional message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> schedule for LDPC decoding algorithms is the so-called flooding schedule. It has the disadvantage that the updated messages cannot be used until next iteration, thus reducing the convergence speed . In this case, the Layered Decoding algorithm (LBP) based on serial message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> schedule is proposed. In this paper the decoding principle of LBP algorithm is briefly introduced, and then proposed its two improved algorithms, the grouped serial decoding algorithm (Grouped LBP) and the semi-serial decoding algorithm .They can improve LBP algorithm's decoding speed while maintaining a good decoding performance.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19012626','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19012626"><span>Living in the country and studying in the city. The art of <span class="hlt">passing</span> exams and remaining sane.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Grant, Cameron C; Pinnock, Ralph; Asher, M Innes; Sullivan, Michael James</p> <p>2008-10-01</p> <p>Doctors working in smaller centres have fewer resources available to help them <span class="hlt">pass</span> the specialist examination components of their training. To describe the delivery of a teaching programme that helps paediatricians in training in both peripheral and regional centres in New Zealand (NZ) to successfully prepare for their specialist written examinations. The teaching programme was initially developed for paediatricians in training in Auckland and then developed into a national teaching resource. Real-time visual and auditory communication among the various teaching sites was established by the NZ Telepaediatric Service. The sessions were also available for subsequent review, initially as a DVD recording or via a Telepaediatric service videoconferencing unit and, since 2007, as a webcast. In association with the development of this teaching programme, the percentage <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> for the paediatric specialist examinations has increased significantly for those exam candidates that access the teaching sessions remotely from other NZ centres (60% vs. 82%, chi(1)(2) = 4.28, P = 0.04). Between 80 and 90% of NZ candidates now <span class="hlt">pass</span> the examination. In comparison, the <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rate</span> for Australian candidates sitting the identical examination remains between 60 and 70%. Telepaediatrics has enabled interactive sessions to be conducted with students in peripheral and the other regional centres as well as those attending in person in Auckland. Its development has enabled examination <span class="hlt">pass</span> <span class="hlt">rates</span> in smaller centres to increase.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol3-sec401-42.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title33-vol3-sec401-42.pdf"><span>33 CFR 401.42 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> hand lines.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... downbound vessel shall use its own hand lines, secured to the eye at the end of the mooring lines, by means... behind the splice of the eye; (3) At Iroquois Lock and Lock 8, Welland Canal, both upbound and downbound... to the eye of the No. 1 mooring wire by means of a bowline. (b) Mooring lines shall not be <span class="hlt">passed</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title33-vol3-sec401-42.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title33-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title33-vol3-sec401-42.pdf"><span>33 CFR 401.42 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> hand lines.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... downbound vessel shall use its own hand lines, secured to the eye at the end of the mooring lines, by means... behind the splice of the eye; (3) At Iroquois Lock and Lock 8, Welland Canal, both upbound and downbound... to the eye of the No. 1 mooring wire by means of a bowline. (b) Mooring lines shall not be <span class="hlt">passed</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19830000247&hterms=operational+amplifier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Doperational%2Bamplifier','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19830000247&hterms=operational+amplifier&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Doperational%2Bamplifier"><span>Band-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Amplifier Without Discrete Reactance Elements</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Kleinberg, L.</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>Inherent or "natural" device capacitance exploited. Band-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Circuit has input impedance of equivalent circuit at frequencies much greater than operational-amplifier rolloff frequency. Apparent inductance and capacitance arise from combined effects of feedback and reactive component of amplifier gain in frequency range.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=wes+AND+anderson&id=EJ909221','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=wes+AND+anderson&id=EJ909221"><span><span class="hlt">Passing</span> as Black: Racial Identity Work among Biracial Americans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Khanna, Nikki; Johnson, Cathryn</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Drawing on interview data with black-white biracial adults, we examine the considerable agency most have in asserting their racial identities to others. Extending research on "identity work" (Snow and Anderson 1987), we explore the strategies biracial people use to conceal (i.e., <span class="hlt">pass</span>), cover, and/or accent aspects of their racial ancestries, and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 1193.37 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 1193.37 Section 1193.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES Requirements for Accessibility and Usability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 1193.37 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 1193.37 Section 1193.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES Requirements for Accessibility and Usability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1149276.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1149276.pdf"><span>Using Keystroke Analytics to Improve <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-Fail Classifiers</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Casey, Kevin</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Learning analytics offers insights into student behaviour and the potential to detect poor performers before they fail exams. If the activity is primarily online (for example computer programming), a wealth of low-level data can be made available that allows unprecedented accuracy in predicting which students will <span class="hlt">pass</span> or fail. In this paper, we…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 72.37 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... and Innovation § 72.37 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding. Section 1006(a)(1) of the Act states that at the... Innovation grants may be transferred in whole or in part to independent special purpose local governments... rehabilitated or used for innovation, through lease or ownership. (vii) Establish a contractual agreement with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=cite+AND+right&pg=3&id=EJ342583','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=cite+AND+right&pg=3&id=EJ342583"><span>No <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-No Play: Academic Requirements for Extracurricular Activities.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Cromartie, Martha</p> <p>1986-01-01</p> <p>Discusses "no <span class="hlt">pass</span>-no play" rules adopted by many state legislatures and local school districts that raise the academic standards students must meet before participating in extracurricular activities. Reviews two recent court challenges to the rules' constitutionality, focusing on due process, authority, and participation as a right or…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=levels+AND+law+AND+model+AND+question+AND+answers&pg=2&id=ED433731','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=levels+AND+law+AND+model+AND+question+AND+answers&pg=2&id=ED433731"><span>Citizenship: <span class="hlt">Passing</span> the Test. [Student's Workbook and Teacher's Guide].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Weintraub, Lynne</p> <p></p> <p>This document combines a student's workbook and teacher's guide, which were separately published. The beginning-level workbook in United States citizenship instruction is intended for adult immigrants with limited reading skills and/or familiarity with civics concepts. It presents and reinforces the knowledge required to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the standardized…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_14 --> <div id="page_15" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="281"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol2-sec416-2096.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol2-sec416-2096.pdf"><span>20 CFR 416.2096 - Basic <span class="hlt">pass</span>-along rules.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... residents of Medicaid facilities where Medicaid pays more than 50 percent of the cost of their care (see..., unless the State furnishes us satisfactory evidence to the contrary. (b) Meeting the <span class="hlt">pass</span>-along... was in compliance for such preceding 12-month period. The combined Federal/State payment level for...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/5605','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/5605"><span>Automated calculation of <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance using GPS data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2006-07-01</p> <p>Most of the rural highways in the United States of America are two-lane, two-way highways. In order to ensure smooth flow of traffic, maximum-<span class="hlt">passing</span> opportunities must be provided on these highways, where the fast moving vehicles can overtake slow m...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA17085.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA17085.html"><span>Full Curiosity Traverse <span class="hlt">Passes</span> One-Mile Mark</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-08-02</p> <p>The total distance driven by NASA Mars rover Curiosity <span class="hlt">passed</span> the one-mile mark a few days before the first anniversary of the rover landing on Mars. The mapped area is within Gale Crater, and north of Mount Sharp, in the middle of the crater.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol2-sec416-2099.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title20-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title20-vol2-sec416-2099.pdf"><span>20 CFR 416.2099 - Compliance with <span class="hlt">pass</span>-along.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance with <span class="hlt">pass</span>-along. 416.2099 Section 416.2099 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED State Supplementation Provisions; Agreement; Payments § 416.2099 Compliance with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0833.photos.367597p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0833.photos.367597p/"><span>DINING ROOM SHOWING DOOR TO LANAI AND <span class="hlt">PASS</span> THRU TO ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>DINING ROOM SHOWING DOOR TO LANAI AND <span class="hlt">PASS</span> THRU TO KITCHEN (RIGHT). VIEW FACING SOUTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0833.photos.367598p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/hi0833.photos.367598p/"><span>KITCHEN SHOWING THE <span class="hlt">PASS</span> THRU TO DINING ROOM. NOTE THE ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>KITCHEN SHOWING THE <span class="hlt">PASS</span> THRU TO DINING ROOM. NOTE THE CANEC PANEL CEILING. VIEW FACING NORTHEAST - Camp H.M. Smith and Navy Public Works Center Manana Title VII (Capehart) Housing, Three-Bedroom Single-Family Type 7, Birch Circle, Elm Drive, Elm Circle, and Date Drive, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ma1331.photos.076520p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="https://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/ma1331.photos.076520p/"><span>16. Boiler room, view looking east showing three, four <span class="hlt">pass</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>16. Boiler room, view looking east showing three, four <span class="hlt">pass</span> horizontal Cleaver Brooks Package Boilers, 1-150 H.P. and 2-200 H.P., 6900 lbs/hour and 5175 lbs/hour, 200 PSI - East Boston Pumping Station, Chelsea Street at Chelsea Creek, Boston, Suffolk County, MA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70194791','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70194791"><span>Stream capture to form Red <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, northern Soda Mountains, California</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Miller, David; Mahan, Shannon</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Red <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, a narrow cut through the Soda Mountains important for prehistoric and early historic travelers, is quite young geologically. Its history of downcutting to capture streams west of the Soda Mountains, thereby draining much of eastern Fort Irwin, is told by the contrast in alluvial fan sediments on either side of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. Old alluvial fan deposits (>500 ka) were shed westward off an intact ridge of the Soda Mountains but by middle Pleistocene time, intermediate-age alluvial fan deposits (~100 ka) were laid down by streams flowing east through the <span class="hlt">pass</span> into Silurian Valley. The <span class="hlt">pass</span> was probably formed by stream capture driven by high levels of groundwater on the west side. This is evidenced by widespread wetland deposits west of the Soda Mountains. Sapping and spring discharge into Silurian Valley over millennia formed a low divide in the mountains that eventually was overtopped and incised by a stream. Lessons include the importance of groundwater levels for stream capture and the relatively youthful appearance of this ~100-200 ka feature in the slowly changing Mojave Desert landscape.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=binary+AND+search&id=EJ099817','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=binary+AND+search&id=EJ099817"><span>Expected Number of <span class="hlt">Passes</span> in a Binary Search Scheme</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Tenenbein, Aaron</p> <p>1974-01-01</p> <p>The binary search scheme is a method of finding a particular file from a set of ordered files stored in a computer. In this article an exact expression for the expected number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> required to find a file is derived. (Author)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 1193.37 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 1193.37 Section 1193.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES Requirements for Accessibility and Usability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title36-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title36-vol3-sec1193-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 1193.37 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 1193.37 Section 1193.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES Requirements for Accessibility and Usability...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=technology+AND+electrical&id=EJ1180301','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=technology+AND+electrical&id=EJ1180301"><span>Industry Supplied CAD Curriculum: Case Study on <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Certification Exams</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Webster, Rustin; Dues, Joseph; Ottway, Rudy</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Students who successfully <span class="hlt">pass</span> professional certification exams while in school are often targeted first by industry for internships and entry level positions. Over the last decade, leading industry suppliers of computer-aided design (CAD) software have developed and launched certification exams for many of their product offerings. Some have also…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-27/pdf/2013-06985.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-27/pdf/2013-06985.pdf"><span>78 FR 18479 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Manchac, LA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-03-27</p> <p>... governing the operation of the Canadian National (CN) Railroad automated bascule span drawbridge across <span class="hlt">Pass</span>... necessary to upgrade the electrical drive system and replace the seals on the gear drive unit that operates... Operations, telephone 202-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The CN Railroad has requested a temporary...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009SPIE.7258E..2QD','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009SPIE.7258E..2QD"><span>Evaluating low <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters on SPECT reconstructed cardiac orientation estimation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Dwivedi, Shekhar</p> <p>2009-02-01</p> <p>Low <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters can affect the quality of clinical SPECT images by smoothing. Appropriate filter and parameter selection leads to optimum smoothing that leads to a better quantification followed by correct diagnosis and accurate interpretation by the physician. This study aims at evaluating the low <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters on SPECT reconstruction algorithms. Criteria for evaluating the filters are estimating the SPECT reconstructed cardiac azimuth and elevation angle. Low <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters studied are butterworth, gaussian, hamming, hanning and parzen. Experiments are conducted using three reconstruction algorithms, FBP (filtered back projection), MLEM (maximum likelihood expectation maximization) and OSEM (ordered subsets expectation maximization), on four gated cardiac patient projections (two patients with stress and rest projections). Each filter is applied with varying cutoff and order for each reconstruction algorithm (only butterworth used for MLEM and OSEM). The azimuth and elevation angles are calculated from the reconstructed volume and the variation observed in the angles with varying filter parameters is reported. Our results demonstrate that behavior of hamming, hanning and parzen filter (used with FBP) with varying cutoff is similar for all the datasets. Butterworth filter (cutoff > 0.4) behaves in a similar fashion for all the datasets using all the algorithms whereas with OSEM for a cutoff < 0.4, it fails to generate cardiac orientation due to oversmoothing, and gives an unstable response with FBP and MLEM. This study on evaluating effect of low <span class="hlt">pass</span> filter cutoff and order on cardiac orientation using three different reconstruction algorithms provides an interesting insight into optimal selection of filter parameters.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title47-vol1-sec7-9.pdf"><span>47 CFR 7.9 - Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>...-manufacturer, non-proprietary, industry-standard codes, translation protocols, formats or other information..., signal compression technologies shall not remove information needed for access or shall restore it upon... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information <span class="hlt">pass</span> through. 7.9 Section 7.9...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 72.37 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... and Innovation § 72.37 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding. Section 1006(a)(1) of the Act states that at the... Innovation grants may be transferred in whole or in part to independent special purpose local governments... rehabilitated or used for innovation, through lease or ownership. (vii) Establish a contractual agreement with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 72.37 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... and Innovation § 72.37 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding. Section 1006(a)(1) of the Act states that at the... Innovation grants may be transferred in whole or in part to independent special purpose local governments... rehabilitated or used for innovation, through lease or ownership. (vii) Establish a contractual agreement with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 72.37 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... and Innovation § 72.37 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding. Section 1006(a)(1) of the Act states that at the... Innovation grants may be transferred in whole or in part to independent special purpose local governments... rehabilitated or used for innovation, through lease or ownership. (vii) Establish a contractual agreement with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title36-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title36-vol1-sec72-37.pdf"><span>36 CFR 72.37 - <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... and Innovation § 72.37 <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-through funding. Section 1006(a)(1) of the Act states that at the... Innovation grants may be transferred in whole or in part to independent special purpose local governments... rehabilitated or used for innovation, through lease or ownership. (vii) Establish a contractual agreement with...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/mining/coal/goldrunpass','SCIGOVWS'); return false;" href="http://dnr.alaska.gov/mlw/mining/coal/goldrunpass"><span>Gold Run <span class="hlt">Pass</span> - Div. of Mining, Land, and Water</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.science.gov/aboutsearch.html">Science.gov Websites</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>issuing a Final Findings of Fact and <em>Decision</em> for the renewal of the Gold Run <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Mine permits. Documents : Final Findings and <em>Decision</em>(PDF)(Posted 9/2/2016) Public Notice of Final Findings and <em>Decision</em> (PDF</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_15 --> <div id="page_16" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="301"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=vietnam&pg=5&id=EJ1061043','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=vietnam&pg=5&id=EJ1061043"><span>Note <span class="hlt">Passing</span> and Gendered Discipline in Vietnamese Schools</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Horton, Paul</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>While researchers agree that note <span class="hlt">passing</span> is predominantly an activity engaged in by girls, there has been relatively little consideration of why this is the case. In this article, I argue that gendered expectations about the appropriate characters of boys and girls in Vietnam are incorporated into the disciplinary framework of schools, and that…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol5/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol5-sec383-135.pdf"><span>49 CFR 383.135 - Minimum <span class="hlt">passing</span> scores.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE... score on such knowledge test. (b) To achieve a <span class="hlt">passing</span> score on the skills test, the driver applicant...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19950065377&hterms=filter+metals&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dfilter%2Bmetals','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19950065377&hterms=filter+metals&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dfilter%2Bmetals"><span>Stabilized Alkali-Metal Ultraviolet-Band-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Mardesich, Nick; Fraschetti, George A.; Mccann, Timothy; Mayall, Sherwood D.; Dunn, Donald E.; Trauger, John T.</p> <p>1995-01-01</p> <p>Layers of bismuth 5 to 10 angstrom thick incorporated into alkali-metal ultraviolet-band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> optical filters by use of advanced fabrication techniques. In new filters layer of bismuth helps to reduce surface migration of sodium. Sodium layer made more stable and decreased tendency to form pinholes by migration.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1115035.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1115035.pdf"><span>Peer Assisted Study Sessions (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>): Does Gender Matter?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Geerlings, Peter M.; Cole, Helen; Batt, Sharryn; Martin-Lynch, Pamela</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Peer-learning is an effective way to assist students to acquire study skills and content knowledge, especially in university courses that students find difficult, and it is an effective adjunct to improve student retention. In 2014, Murdoch University in Perth, Western Australia, commenced Peer Assisted Study Sessions (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) in two first-year…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-s62-06612.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-s62-06612.html"><span>Cloud formation over South America - fifth orbit <span class="hlt">pass</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>1962-10-03</p> <p>S62-06612 (3 Oct. 1962) --- Cloud formation over South America taken during the fifth orbit <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) mission by astronaut Walter M. Schirra Jr. with a hand-held camera. Photo credit: NASA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/10762','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/10762"><span>Case Study of the Denver Regional Transportation District Eco <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Program</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>1993-11-01</p> <p>This report documents the Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) Eco <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Program and evaluates its impacts. The Eco <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is an annual, unlimited-use photo identification <span class="hlt">pass</span> covering transportation on all RTD transit routes. Employers in the...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-16/pdf/2011-32210.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-16/pdf/2011-32210.pdf"><span>76 FR 78144 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Anaktuvuk <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, AK</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-12-16</p> <p>... Anaktuvuk <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Airport, Anaktuvuk <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, AK. The creation of two standard instrument approach procedures at... 700 feet above the surface, at Anaktuvuk <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Airport, to accommodate the creation of two standard...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29277590','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29277590"><span>Feasibility of a Modified E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> and POSSUM System for Postoperative Risk Assessment in Patients with Spinal Disease.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Chun, Dong Hyun; Kim, Do Young; Choi, Sun Kyu; Shin, Dong Ah; Ha, Yoon; Kim, Keung Nyun; Yoon, Do Heum; Yi, Seong</p> <p>2018-04-01</p> <p>This retrospective case control study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using Estimation of Physiological Ability and Surgical Stress (E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) and Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) systems in patients undergoing spinal surgical procedures. Degenerative spine disease has increased in incidence in aging societies, as has the number of older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery. Many older adults are at a high surgical risk because of comorbidity and poor general health. We retrospectively reviewed 217 patients who had undergone spinal surgery at a single tertiary care. We investigated complications within 1 month after surgery. Criteria for both skin incision in E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> and operation magnitude in the POSSUM system were modified to fit spine surgery. We calculated the E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> and POSSUM scores for enrolled patients, and investigated the relationship between postoperative complications and both surgical risk scoring systems. To reinforce the predictive ability of the E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> system, we adjusted equations and developed modified E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> systems. The overall complication <span class="hlt">rate</span> for spinal surgery was 22.6%. Forty-nine patients experienced 58 postoperative complications. Nineteen major complications, including hematoma, deep infection, pleural effusion, progression of weakness, pulmonary edema, esophageal injury, myocardial infarction, pneumonia, reoperation, renal failure, sepsis, and death, occurred in 17 patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for predicted postoperative complications after spine surgery was 0.588 for E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> and 0.721 for POSSUM. For predicted major postoperative complications, the AUC increased to 0.619 for E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> and 0.842 for POSSUM. The AUC of the E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> system increased from 0.588 to 0.694 with the Modified E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> equation. The POSSUM system may be more useful than the E-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> system for estimating postoperative surgical risk in patients undergoing</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5205545','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5205545"><span>Toward the Reliable Diagnosis of DSM-5 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: The Carolina Premenstrual Assessment Scoring System (C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span>)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Eisenlohr-Moul, Tory A.; Girdler, Susan S.; Schmalenberger, Katja M.; Dawson, Danyelle N.; Surana, Pallavi; Johnson, Jacqueline L.; Rubinow, David R.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Objective Despite evidence for the validity of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and its recent inclusion in DSM-5, variable diagnostic practices compromise the construct validity of the diagnosis and threaten the clarity of efforts to understand and treat its underlying pathophysiology. In an effort to hasten and streamline the translation of the new DSM-5 criteria for PMDD into terms compatible with existing research practices, we present the development and initial validation of the Carolina Premenstrual Assessment Scoring System (C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span>). The C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> is a standardized scoring system for making DSM-5 PMDD diagnoses using 2 or more menstrual cycles of daily symptom <span class="hlt">ratings</span> using the Daily Record of Severity of Problems (DRSP). Method Two hundred women recruited for retrospectively-reported premenstrual emotional symptoms provided 2–4 menstrual cycles of daily symptom <span class="hlt">ratings</span> on the DRSP. Diagnoses were made by expert clinician and the C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span>. Results Agreement of C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> diagnosis with expert clinical diagnosis was excellent; overall correct classification by the C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> was estimated at 98%. Consistent with previous evidence, retrospective reports of premenstrual symptom increases were a poor predictor of prospective C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> diagnosis. Conclusions The C-<span class="hlt">PASS</span> (available as a worksheet, Excel macro, and SAS macro) is a reliable and valid companion protocol to the DRSP that standardizes and streamlines the complex, multilevel diagnosis of DSM-5 PMDD. Consistent use of this robust diagnostic method would result in more clearly-defined, homogeneous samples of women with PMDD, thereby improving the clarity of studies seeking to characterize or treat the underlying pathophysiology of the disorder. PMID:27523500</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1130555','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1130555"><span>Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Aleutian Islands, Alaska final report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Wright, Bruce Albert</p> <p></p> <p> electrical data, the Project Team developed a conceptual tidal energy project design utilizing ORPC’s TidGen® Power System. While the Project Team has not committed to ORPC technology for future development of a False <span class="hlt">Pass</span> project, this conceptual design was critical to informing the Project’s economic analysis. The results showed that power from a tidal energy project could be provided to the City of False at a <span class="hlt">rate</span> at or below the cost of diesel generated electricity and sold to commercial customers at <span class="hlt">rates</span> competitive with current market <span class="hlt">rates</span>, providing a stable, flat priced, environmentally sound alternative to the diesel generation currently utilized for energy in the community. The Project Team concluded that with additional grants and private investment a tidal energy project at False <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is well-positioned to be the first tidal energy project to be developed in Alaska, and the first tidal energy project to be interconnected to an isolated micro grid in the world. A viable project will be a model for similar projects in coastal Alaska.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5487462','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5487462"><span>To <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or Not to <span class="hlt">Pass</span>: Modeling the Movement and Affordance Dynamics of a Pick and Place Task</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lamb, Maurice; Kallen, Rachel W.; Harrison, Steven J.; Di Bernardo, Mario; Minai, Ali; Richardson, Michael J.</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Humans commonly engage in tasks that require or are made more efficient by coordinating with other humans. In this paper we introduce a task dynamics approach for modeling multi-agent interaction and decision making in a pick and place task where an agent must move an object from one location to another and decide whether to act alone or with a partner. Our aims were to identify and model (1) the affordance related dynamics that define an actor's choice to move an object alone or to <span class="hlt">pass</span> it to their co-actor and (2) the trajectory dynamics of an actor's hand movements when moving to grasp, relocate, or <span class="hlt">pass</span> the object. Using a virtual reality pick and place task, we demonstrate that both the decision to <span class="hlt">pass</span> or not <span class="hlt">pass</span> an object and the movement trajectories of the participants can be characterized in terms of a behavioral dynamics model. Simulations suggest that the proposed behavioral dynamics model exhibits features observed in human participants including hysteresis in decision making, non-straight line trajectories, and non-constant velocity profiles. The proposed model highlights how the same low-dimensional behavioral dynamics can operate to constrain multiple (and often nested) levels of human activity and suggests that knowledge of what, when, where and how to move or act during pick and place behavior may be defined by these low dimensional task dynamics and, thus, can emerge spontaneously and in real-time with little a priori planning. PMID:28701975</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015PhDT.......451S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015PhDT.......451S"><span>Statistics of Epidemics in Networks by <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Messages</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Shrestha, Munik Kumar</p> <p></p> <p>Epidemic processes are common out-of-equilibrium phenomena of broad interdisciplinary interest. In this thesis, we show how message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> approach can be a helpful tool for simulating epidemic models in disordered medium like networks, and in particular for estimating the probability that a given node will become infectious at a particular time. The sort of dynamics we consider are stochastic, where randomness can arise from the stochastic events or from the randomness of network structures. As in belief propagation, variables or messages in message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> approach are defined on the directed edges of a network. However, unlike belief propagation, where the posterior distributions are updated according to Bayes' rule, in message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> approach we write differential equations for the messages over time. It takes correlations between neighboring nodes into account while preventing causal signals from backtracking to their immediate source, and thus avoids "echo chamber effects" where a pair of adjacent nodes each amplify the probability that the other is infectious. In our first results, we develop a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> approach to threshold models of behavior popular in sociology. These are models, first proposed by Granovetter, where individuals have to hear about a trend or behavior from some number of neighbors before adopting it themselves. In thermodynamic limit of large random networks, we provide an exact analytic scheme while calculating the time dependence of the probabilities and thus learning about the whole dynamics of bootstrap percolation, which is a simple model known in statistical physics for exhibiting discontinuous phase transition. As an application, we apply a similar model to financial networks, studying when bankruptcies spread due to the sudden devaluation of shared assets in overlapping portfolios. We predict that although diversification may be good for individual institutions, it can create dangerous systemic effects, and as a result</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.A41F0155C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.A41F0155C"><span>Terrain forcing and thermal winds in a mountain <span class="hlt">pass</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Clifton, A.; Daniels, M. H.; Lehning, M.</p> <p>2010-12-01</p> <p>As the European wind market matures, energy prospectors are increasingly looking to more challenging terrain and conditions, for example those found in the mountains and <span class="hlt">passes</span> of the Alps. These locations present very different technical challenges to those found in the flatter plains of Northern Europe, the US midwest or offshore. There is little public data available on wind regimes in these areas, and what information there is is not often examined in conjunction with other data for the same area. Consequently it is difficult to estimate the effect of terrain or surface cover on the wind resource. We present selected data collected in a mountain <span class="hlt">pass</span> during the winter of 2009 / 2010. Data were collected on site at 36, 54 and 77m above ground using sonic anemometers, and at the surface using small portable weather stations. Preliminary analysis of data from the sonic anemometers shows that flow in the <span class="hlt">pass</span> is often low shear compared to an unconstrained boundary layer, although the log law using mean velocities does fit around half of the data that was collected. However, the applicability of the log law is questionable as calculated roughness lengths are of a similar order of magnitude to the measurement height. Further analysis of the sonic anemometer data does not suggest an equilibrium flux layer. Flow is generally along the major axis of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>, indicating that the terrain acted to channel flow, compared to synoptic conditions. Larger-scale data from numerical weather prediction models is also available. These data are analysed in conjunction with simulations using the regional weather prediction model, ARPS, to show both the impact of terrain and surface heat fluxes on the wind profiles at different points in the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. We use our data and results to show the potential effects on flow characteristics at typical wind turbine disk heights in the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. We also suggest how future wind resource measurement and modeling campaigns in similar locations might be</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ESASP.589E..56B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ESASP.589E..56B"><span>Li-Ion Battery By-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Removal Qualification</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Borthomieu, Y.; Pasquier, E.</p> <p>2005-05-01</p> <p>The reasons of the by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> use on Space batteries is to avoid open circuit, short-circuit and dramatic performances drift on the power system. By-<span class="hlt">pass</span> diodes are currently used in NiH2 batteries due to the high probability of open circuit at cell level. This probability is mainly linked to the possibility to have a hydrogen leak within the pressure vessel due to the high operating pressure (70 bars) that can induce cell open circuit.For the Lithium-Ion batteries, first items had bypass implemented by similarity, but:All the cell failure cases have been analyzed at battery level:- Cell Open circuit:In contrast to NiCd and NiH2 cells, Li-Ion cells can be put in parallel due to the fact the open circuit voltage (OCV) is linked to the State Of Charge (SOC).With cells in parallel, a battery open circuit failure can never be encountered even with a cell in open circuit.- Cell Short circuit:In case of cell short, the entire cells within the module will be shorted.- Cell capacity spread:If the capacities of cells in series are strongly diverging, the worst module limits the battery. In case the battery is no more able to deliver the requested power for which it was designed, the worst module has to be reversed. In reversal, a Li-Ion cell is self-shorted. So, the strong capacity decrease in one module leads to the short of this module.These three failure cases cover all the possible Li-Ion failure root causes.Considering these three events, the analysis demonstrates that the Li-Ion battery still functions in any case without any by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> system because the design of the battery size always takes into account the loss of one module.Nevertheless, the by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> removal should allow to:- Improve the battery reliability as each bypass unit represents a single - Reduce by at least 30 % of the total price of the battery,- Reduce significant weight at battery level,- Shorten the battery manufacturing lead time (at least8 months for by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> purchasing), - Avoid US export licenses</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1070359.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1070359.pdf"><span>The Influence of Multiple Administrations of a State Achievement Test on <span class="hlt">Passing</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span> for Student Groups</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Nese, Joseph F. T.; Tindal, Gerald; Stevens, Joseph J.; Elliott, Stephen N.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The stakes of large-scale testing programs have grown considerably in the past decade with the enactment of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and Race To The Top (RTTT) legislations. A significant component of NCLB has been required reporting of annual yearly progress (AYP) of student subgroups disaggregated by sex, special education status, English…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=economic+AND+analysis+AND+home+AND+bias&id=EJ1037274','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=economic+AND+analysis+AND+home+AND+bias&id=EJ1037274"><span>Mapping Socio-Economic Status, Geographical Location and Matriculation <span class="hlt">Pass</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span> in Gauteng, South Africa</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Pienaar, Richelle; Morton McKay, Tracey</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>In South Africa, prior to 1994, the racially defined geographical neighbourhood in which a child resided usually determined which school they could enrol in. Post 1994, this changed to legally allow enrolment in any public school. Unfortunately, due to the legacy of apartheid, in particular, resource allocation inequity, schools in African areas…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED516139.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED516139.pdf"><span>Student Learning Support Programmes That Demonstrate Tangible Impact on Retention, <span class="hlt">Pass</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span> & Completion. 2nd Edition</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Manalo, Emmanuel, Ed.; Marshall, Jenny, Ed.; Fraser, Cath, Ed.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This report comprises summations and brief case descriptions of some of the effective programmes and other support mechanisms that New Zealand Tertiary Learning Advisors (TLAs) provide for students in universities, polytechnics, institutes of technology, and other tertiary institutions. The programmes demonstrate tangible impact on student…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=standard+AND+deviation&pg=6&id=EJ1140288','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=standard+AND+deviation&pg=6&id=EJ1140288"><span>The Effect of Stakes on Accountability Test Scores and <span class="hlt">Pass</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Steedle, Jeffrey T.; Grochowalski, Joseph</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Students may not fully demonstrate their knowledge and skills on accountability tests if there are no stakes attached to individual performance. In that case, assessment results may not accurately reflect student achievement, so the validity of score interpretations and uses suffers. For this study, matched samples of students taking state…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1058511.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1058511.pdf"><span>Principals' Leadership Practices and Mathematics <span class="hlt">Pass</span> <span class="hlt">Rate</span> in Jamaican High Schools</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Palmer, David; Hermond, Douglas; Gardiner, Carl</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This research was intended to explore the degree to which leadership practices impacted Jamaican schools' mathematics achievement. More specifically, the researchers examined Jamaica's high school students' CSEC mathematics performance in relation to principals' instructional leadership behaviors as measured by teachers' perceptions, using Kouzes…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=men+AND+successful+AND+business&pg=3&id=ED371793','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=men+AND+successful+AND+business&pg=3&id=ED371793"><span>Course <span class="hlt">Pass</span> <span class="hlt">Rates</span> in Fall 1993. Enrollment Analysis EA94-4.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Diehl, Patricia K.</p> <p></p> <p>Student performance in individual courses constitutes a fundamental learning outcome, as assessed by the faculty. Examination of student outcomes at the course level is especially appropriate at community colleges, since as many as half the students in credit courses have no intention of earning a degree. Fall 1993 final course grades of students…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_16 --> <div id="page_17" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="321"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4990627','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4990627"><span>LCAMP: Location Constrained Approximate Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> for Compressed Sensing MRI</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sung, Kyunghyun; Daniel, Bruce L; Hargreaves, Brian A</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Iterative thresholding methods have been extensively studied as faster alternatives to convex optimization methods for solving large-sized problems in compressed sensing. A novel iterative thresholding method called LCAMP (Location Constrained Approximate Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span>) is presented for reducing computational complexity and improving reconstruction accuracy when a nonzero location (or sparse support) constraint can be obtained from view shared images. LCAMP modifies the existing approximate message <span class="hlt">passing</span> algorithm by replacing the thresholding stage with a location constraint, which avoids adjusting regularization parameters or thresholding levels. This work is first compared with other conventional reconstruction methods using random 1D signals and then applied to dynamic contrast-enhanced breast MRI to demonstrate the excellent reconstruction accuracy (less than 2% absolute difference) and low computation time (5 - 10 seconds using Matlab) with highly undersampled 3D data (244 × 128 × 48; overall reduction factor = 10). PMID:23042658</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018SPIE10512E..0GH','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018SPIE10512E..0GH"><span>High-power single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pumped diamond Raman oscillator</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Heinzig, Matthias; Walbaum, Till; Williams, Robert J.; Kitzler, Ondrej; Mildren, Richard P.; Schreiber, Thomas; Eberhardt, Ramona; Tünnermann, Andreas</p> <p>2018-02-01</p> <p>We present our recent advances on power scaling of a high-power single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pumped CVD-diamond Raman oscillator at 1.2 μm. The single <span class="hlt">pass</span> scheme reduced feedback to the high gain fiber amplifier, which pumps the oscillator. The Yb-doped multi-stage fiber amplifier itself enables up to 1 kW output power at a narrow linewidth of 0.16 nm. We operate this laser in quasi-cw mode at 10% duty cycle and on-time (pulse) duration of 10 ms. With a maximum conversion efficiency of 39%, a maximum steady-state output power of 380 W and diffraction limited beam quality was achieved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004IJMPC..15.1041A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004IJMPC..15.1041A"><span>Testing the Turing Test — do Men <span class="hlt">Pass</span> It?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Adam, Ruth; Hershberg, Uri; Schul, Yaacov; Solomon, Sorin</p> <p></p> <p>We are fascinated by the idea of giving life to the inanimate. The fields of Artificial Life and Artificial Intelligence (AI) attempt to use a scientific approach to pursue this desire. The first steps on this approach hark back to Turing and his suggestion of an imitation game as an alternative answer to the question "can machines think?".1 To test his hypothesis, Turing formulated the Turing test1 to detect human behavior in computers. But how do humans <span class="hlt">pass</span> such a test? What would you say if you would learn that they do not <span class="hlt">pass</span> it well? What would it mean for our understanding of human behavior? What would it mean for our design of tests of the success of artificial life? We report below an experiment in which men consistently failed the Turing test.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA20174.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA20174.html"><span>Marias <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Contact Zone of Two Martian Rock Units</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2015-12-17</p> <p>This view from the Mast Camera (Mastcam) in NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows the "Marias <span class="hlt">Pass</span>" area where a lower and older geological unit of mudstone -- the pale zone in the center of the image -- lies in contact with an overlying geological unit of sandstone. Just before Curiosity reached Marias <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, the rover's laser-firing Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) instrument examined a rock found to be rich in silica, a mineral-forming chemical. This scene combines several images taken on May 22, 2015, during the 992nd Martian day, or sol, of Curiosity's work on Mars. The scene is presented with a color adjustment that approximates white balancing, to resemble how the rocks and sand would appear under daytime lighting conditions on Earth. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/?IDNumber=pia20174</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017NJPh...19g2001R','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017NJPh...19g2001R"><span>Belief propagation decoding of quantum channels by <span class="hlt">passing</span> quantum messages</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Renes, Joseph M.</p> <p>2017-07-01</p> <p>The belief propagation (BP) algorithm is a powerful tool in a wide range of disciplines from statistical physics to machine learning to computational biology, and is ubiquitous in decoding classical error-correcting codes. The algorithm works by <span class="hlt">passing</span> messages between nodes of the factor graph associated with the code and enables efficient decoding of the channel, in some cases even up to the Shannon capacity. Here we construct the first BP algorithm which <span class="hlt">passes</span> quantum messages on the factor graph and is capable of decoding the classical-quantum channel with pure state outputs. This gives explicit decoding circuits whose number of gates is quadratic in the code length. We also show that this decoder can be modified to work with polar codes for the pure state channel and as part of a decoder for transmitting quantum information over the amplitude damping channel. These represent the first explicit capacity-achieving decoders for non-Pauli channels.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1349699-beam-dynamics-simulation-double-pass-proton-linear-accelerator','SCIGOV-DOEP'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1349699-beam-dynamics-simulation-double-pass-proton-linear-accelerator"><span>Beam dynamics simulation of a double <span class="hlt">pass</span> proton linear accelerator</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/pages">DOE PAGES</a></p> <p>Hwang, Kilean; Qiang, Ji</p> <p>2017-04-03</p> <p>A recirculating superconducting linear accelerator with the advantage of both straight and circular accelerator has been demonstrated with relativistic electron beams. The acceleration concept of a recirculating proton beam was recently proposed and is currently under study. In order to further support the concept, the beam dynamics study on a recirculating proton linear accelerator has to be carried out. In this paper, we study the feasibility of a two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> recirculating proton linear accelerator through the direct numerical beam dynamics design optimization and the start-to-end simulation. This study shows that the two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> simultaneous focusing without particle losses is attainable including fullymore » 3D space-charge effects through the entire accelerator system.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018OptEL..14..180C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018OptEL..14..180C"><span>TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer based on multilayer graphene polymer waveguide</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Cai, Ke-su; Li, Yue-e.; Wei, Wen-jing; Mu, Xi-jiao; Ma, A.-ning; Wang, Zhong; Song, Dan-ming</p> <p>2018-05-01</p> <p>A TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer based on multilayer graphene polymer waveguide is proposed and theoretically analyzed. The mode properties, the extinction ratio, the insertion loss and the bandwidth are also discussed. The results show that a TM-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer, which only guides the TM mode, can be achieved by multilayer graphene polymer waveguide. With length of 150 μm, the proposed polarizer can achieve extinction ratio of 33 dB and insertion loss of 0.5 dB at optical wavelength of 1.55 μm. This device has an excellent performance, including large extinction ratio and low insertion loss within the spectral range from 1.45 μm to 1.6 μm.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018JPCM...30m4004Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018JPCM...30m4004Z"><span><span class="hlt">Pass</span>-band reconfigurable spoof surface plasmon polaritons</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhang, Hao Chi; He, Pei Hang; Gao, Xinxin; Tang, Wen Xuan; Cui, Tie Jun</p> <p>2018-04-01</p> <p>In this paper, we introduce a new scheme to construct the band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> tunable filter based on the band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> reconfigurable spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), whose cut-off frequencies at both sides of the passband can be tuned through changing the direct current (DC) bias of varactors. Compared to traditional technology (e.g. microstrip filters), the spoof SPP structure can provide more tight field confinement and more significant field enhancement, which is extremely valuable for many system applications. In order to achieve this scheme, we proposed a specially designed SPP filter integrated with varactors and DC bias feeding structure to support the spoof SPP passband reconfiguration. Furthermore, the full-wave simulated result verifies the outstanding performance on both efficiency and reconfiguration, which has the potential to be widely used in advanced intelligent systems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.fisheriesjournal.com/vol1issue3/14.1.html','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://www.fisheriesjournal.com/vol1issue3/14.1.html"><span>Trends in the capture fisheries in Cuyo East <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Philippines</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>San Diego, Tee-Jay A.; Fisher, William L.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Findings are presented of a comprehensive analysis of time series catch and effort data from 2000 to 2006 collected from a multi-species, multi-gear and two-sector (municipal and commercial) capture fisheries in Cuyo East <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Philippines. Multivariate techniques were used to determine temporal variation in species composition and gear selectivity that corresponded with annual trends in catch and effort. Distinct annual variation in species composition was found for five fisheries classified according to sector-gear combination, corresponding decline in catch diversity, noted shifts in gears used, and an erratic CPUE trend as a result of catch variation.  These patterns and trends illustrate the occurrence of ecosystem overfishing for Cuyo East <span class="hlt">Pass</span>.  Our approach provided a holistic representation of the fishing situation, condition of the fisheries and corresponding implications to the ecosystem, fitting well within the context of the ecosystem approach to fisheries management.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1613906K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1613906K"><span>Fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> assessment by remote control: a novel framework for quantifying the hydraulics at fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> entrances</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kriechbaumer, Thomas; Blackburn, Kim; Gill, Andrew; Breckon, Toby; Everard, Nick; Wright, Ros; Rivas Casado, Monica</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>Fragmentation of aquatic habitats can lead to the extinction of migratory fish species with severe negative consequences at the ecosystem level and thus opposes the target of good ecological status of rivers defined in the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). In the UK, the implementation of the EU WFD requires investments in fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> facilities of estimated 532 million GBP (i.e. 639 million Euros) until 2027 to ensure fish passage at around 3,000 barriers considered critical. Hundreds of <span class="hlt">passes</span> have been installed in the past. However, monitoring studies of fish <span class="hlt">passes</span> around the world indicate that on average less than half of the fish attempting to <span class="hlt">pass</span> such facilities are actually successful. There is a need for frameworks that allow the rapid identification of facilities that are biologically effective and those that require enhancement. Although there are many environmental characteristics that can affect fish passage success, past research suggests that variations in hydrodynamic conditions, reflected in water velocities, velocity gradients and turbulences, are the major cues that fish use to seek migration pathways in rivers. This paper presents the first steps taken in the development of a framework for the rapid field-based quantification of the hydraulic conditions downstream of fish <span class="hlt">passes</span> and the assessment of the attractivity of fish <span class="hlt">passes</span> for salmonids and coarse fish in UK rivers. For this purpose, a small-sized remote control platform carrying an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP), a GPS unit, a stereo camera and an inertial measurement unit has been developed. The large amount of data on water velocities and depths measured by the ADCP within relatively short time is used to quantify the spatial and temporal distribution of water velocities. By matching these hydraulic features with known preferences of migratory fish, it is attempted to identify likely migration routes and aggregation areas at barriers as well as hydraulic features that</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017AIPC.1885b0016I','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017AIPC.1885b0016I"><span>Tropical field performance of dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PV tray dryer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Iskandar, A. Noor; Ya'acob, M. E.; Anuar, M. S.</p> <p>2017-09-01</p> <p>Solar Photovoltaic technology has become the preferable solution in many countries around the globe to solve the ever increasing energy demand of the consumers. In line with the consumer need, food processing technology has huge potentials of integration with the renewable energy resources especially in drying process which consumes the highest electricity loads. Traditionally, the solar dryer technology was applied in agriculture and food industries utilizing the sun's energy for drying process, but this is highly dependable on the weather condition and surrounding factors. This work shares some field performance of the new design of portable dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PV tray dryer for drying crops in an enclosed system. The dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PV tray dryer encompass a lightweight aluminium box structure with dimensions of 1.1m (L) x 0.6m (W) x 0.2m (H) and can hold a load capacity of 300g - 3kg of crop depending on the types of the crops. Experiments of field performance monitoring were conducted in October -November 2016 which justifies a considerable reduction in time and crops quality improvement when using the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PV tray dryer as compared to direct-sun drying.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3613129','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3613129"><span>Time Line for Noncopers to <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Return-to-Sports Criteria After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hartigan, Erin H.; Axe, Michael J.; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>STUDY DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES Determine effective interventions for improving readiness to return to sports post-operatively in patients with complete, unilateral, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture who do not compensate well after the injury (noncopers). Specifically, we compared the effects of 2 preoperative interventions on quadriceps strength and functional outcomes. BACKGROUND The percentage of athletes who return to sports after ACL reconstruction varies considerably, possibly due to differential responses after acute ACL rupture and different management. Prognostic data for noncopers following ACL reconstruction is absent in the literature. METHODS Forty noncopers were randomly assigned to receive either progressive quadriceps strength-training exercises (STR group) or perturbation training in conjunction with strength-training exercises (PERT group) for 10 preoperative rehabilitation sessions. Postoperative rehabilitation was similar between groups. Data on quadriceps strength indices [(involved limb/uninvolved limb force) ×100], 4 hop score indices, and 2 self-report questionnaires were collected preoperatively and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare functional differences between the groups. Chi-square tests were used to compare frequencies of <span class="hlt">passing</span> functional criteria and reasons for differences in performance between groups postoperatively. RESULTS Functional outcomes were not different between groups, except a greater number of patients in the PERT group achieved global <span class="hlt">rating</span> scores (current knee function expressed as a percentage of overall knee function prior to injury) necessary to <span class="hlt">pass</span> return-to-sports criteria 6 and 12 months after surgery. Mean scores for each functional outcome met return-to-sports criteria 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Frequency counts of individual data, however, indicated that 5% of noncopers <span class="hlt">passed</span> RTS criteria at 3, 48% at 6, and 78% at 12 months</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=bond&pg=2&id=ED570623','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=bond&pg=2&id=ED570623"><span>School Bond Referenda Reloaded: An Examination of a School District in <span class="hlt">Passing</span> a Subsequent Bond Referendum after Failing to <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Previous Bond Referenda</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Benzaquen, Eitan Yacov</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>In April 2008, the Wisconsin Erie School District attempted and failed to <span class="hlt">pass</span> a school bond referendum to renovate its high school. In November 2008, again the school district did not <span class="hlt">pass</span> a referendum. Interestingly, in the 2009-2010 school year, the district was successful in <span class="hlt">passing</span> a bond referendum. Although the original bond measure called…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25269598','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25269598"><span>Update of the Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>): statistical analysis plan.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Westendorp, Willeke F; Vermeij, Jan-Dirk; Dippel, Diederik W J; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G W; van der Poll, Tom; Prins, Jan M; Vermeij, Frederique H; Roos, Yvo B W E M; Brouwer, Matthijs C; Zwinderman, Aeilko H; van de Beek, Diederik; Nederkoorn, Paul J</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>Infections occur in 30% of stroke patients and are associated with unfavorable outcomes. Preventive antibiotic therapy lowers the infection <span class="hlt">rate</span> after stroke, but the effect of preventive antibiotic treatment on functional outcome in patients with stroke is unknown. The <span class="hlt">PASS</span> is a multicenter, prospective, phase three, randomized, open-label, blinded end-point (PROBE) trial of preventive antibiotic therapy in acute stroke. Patients are randomly assigned to either ceftriaxone at a dose of 2 g, given every 24 h intravenously for 4 days, in addition to standard stroke-unit care, or standard stroke-unit care without preventive antibiotic therapy. The aim of this study is to assess whether preventive antibiotic treatment improves functional outcome at 3 months by preventing infections. This paper presents in detail the statistical analysis plan (SAP) of the Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) and was submitted while the investigators were still blinded for all outcomes. The primary outcome is the score on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), assessed by ordinal logistic regression analysis according to a proportional odds model. Secondary analysis of the primary outcome is the score on the mRS dichotomized as a favorable outcome (mRS 0 to 2) versus unfavorable outcome (mRS 3 to 6). Secondary outcome measures are death <span class="hlt">rate</span> at discharge and 3 months, infection <span class="hlt">rate</span> during hospital admission, length of hospital admission, volume of post-stroke care, use of antibiotics during hospital stay, quality-adjusted life years and costs. Complications of treatment, serious adverse events (SAEs) and suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSARs) are reported as safety outcomes. The data from <span class="hlt">PASS</span> will establish whether preventive antibiotic therapy in acute stroke improves functional outcome by preventing infection and will be analyzed according to this pre-specified SAP. Current controlled trials; ISRCTN66140176. Date of registration: 6 April 2010.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec315-1.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec315-1.pdf"><span>9 CFR 315.1 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; rendering into lard or tallow.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking... PARTS <span class="hlt">PASSED</span> FOR COOKING § 315.1 Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; rendering into lard or tallow. Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking may be rendered into lard in accordance with § 319.702 of this...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-8.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-8.pdf"><span>22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... building <span class="hlt">passes</span>. 9b.8 Section 9b.8 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING <span class="hlt">PASSES</span> § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (a) Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span> for U.S. citizens are issued with three years...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2013-title40-vol26-sec205-171-8.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2013-title40-vol26-sec205-171-8.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.171-8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.171... <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. (a) A failing exhaust system is one which, when installed on any motorcycle... equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of a SEA takes place when a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2014-title40-vol25-sec205-171-8.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2014-title40-vol25-sec205-171-8.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.171-8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.171... <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. (a) A failing exhaust system is one which, when installed on any motorcycle... equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of a SEA takes place when a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol24/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol24-sec205-171-8.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol24/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol24-sec205-171-8.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.171-8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.171... <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. (a) A failing exhaust system is one which, when installed on any motorcycle... equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of a SEA takes place when a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2011-title40-vol25-sec205-171-8.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2011-title40-vol25-sec205-171-8.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.171-8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.171... <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. (a) A failing exhaust system is one which, when installed on any motorcycle... equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of a SEA takes place when a...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_17 --> <div id="page_18" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="341"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA531472','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA531472"><span>Analysis of Microstructure Refinement During Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> and Multi-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Friction Stir Processing of Nial Propeller Bronze</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-09-01</p> <p>on an Optical Micrograph of the Transverse View of Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> NAB. After [5]............................................... 6 Figure 4 . Vertical...deformed and 6 elongated but does not see the same refinement that is seen inside the SZ [ 4 ]. The grain structure right outside the TMAZ will also...including grinding, polishing, and electropolishing . The first step was to grind the surface using a Buehler ECOMET 4 Variable Speed Grinder</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29505079','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29505079"><span>New Careers in Nursing: An Effective Model for Increasing Nursing Workforce Diversity.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Craft-Blacksheare, Melva</p> <p>2018-03-01</p> <p>The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing developed the New Careers in Nursing (NCIN) program to address the nursing shortage, increase workforce diversity, and raise the profession's educational level. The program provided scholarships to second-degree underrepresented or economically disadvantaged (UED) students attending an accelerated nursing program to earn a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree. A midwestern university received three academic-year cycles of NCIN funding. The program's model, resources, and functioning are described. The NCIN provided exceptional financial and program support that received high marks from participants. During the three award cycles, 20 UED scholars graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree. Nineteen of the 20 scholars <span class="hlt">passed</span> the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> on the first attempt. While the NCIN program has ended, nursing school administrators and faculty wishing to promote UED student success should consider using the program's model and resources as the basis for their own program. [J Nurs Educ. 2018;57(3):178-183.]. Copyright 2018, SLACK Incorporated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4235969','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4235969"><span>Use of the Progressive Aphasia Severity Scale (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) in monitoring speech and language status in PPA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sapolsky, Daisy; Domoto-Reilly, Kimiko; Dickerson, Bradford C.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Background Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a devastating neurodegenerative syndrome involving the gradual development of aphasia, slowly impairing the patient’s ability to communicate. Pharmaceutical treatments do not currently exist and intervention often focuses on speech-language behavioral therapies, although further investigation is warranted to determine how best to harness functional benefits. Efforts to develop pharmaceutical and behavioral treatments have been hindered by a lack of standardized methods to monitor disease progression and treatment efficacy. Aims Here we describe our current approach to monitoring progression of PPA, including the development and applications of a novel clinical instrument for this purpose, the Progressive Aphasia Severity Scale (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>). We also outline some of the issues related to initial evaluation and longitudinal monitoring of PPA. Methods & Procedures In our clinical and research practice we perform initial and follow-up assessments of PPA patients using a multi-faceted approach. In addition to standardized assessment measures, we use the <span class="hlt">PASS</span> to <span class="hlt">rate</span> presence and severity of symptoms across distinct domains of speech, language, and functional and pragmatic aspects of communication. <span class="hlt">Ratings</span> are made using the clinician’s best judgment, integrating information from patient test performance in the office as well as a companion’s description of routine daily functioning. Outcomes & Results Monitoring symptom characteristics and severity with the <span class="hlt">PASS</span> can assist in developing behavioral therapies, planning treatment goals, and counseling patients and families on clinical status and prognosis. The <span class="hlt">PASS</span> also has potential to advance the implementation of PPA clinical trials. Conclusions PPA patients display heterogeneous language profiles that change over time given the progressive nature of the disease. The monitoring of symptom progression is therefore crucial to ensure that proposed treatments are appropriate at</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA20280.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-PIA20280.html"><span>Elongated Asteroid Will Safely <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Earth on Christmas Eve</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2015-12-23</p> <p>The elongated asteroid in this radar image, named 2003 SD220, will safely fly past Earth on Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, at a distance of 6.8 million miles (11 million kilometers). The image was taken on Dec. 22 by scientists using NASA's 230-foot (70-meter) Deep Space Network antenna at Goldstone, California, when the asteroid was approaching its flyby distance. This asteroid is at least 3,600 feet (1,100 meters) long. In 2018, it will safely <span class="hlt">pass</span> Earth at a distance of 1.8 million miles (2.8 million kilometers). http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA20280</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19770038336&hterms=322&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dp%2526%2523322','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19770038336&hterms=322&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dp%2526%2523322"><span>Spectral band <span class="hlt">passes</span> for a high precision satellite sounder</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Kaplan, L. D.; Chahine, M. T.; Susskind, J.; Searl, J. E.</p> <p>1977-01-01</p> <p>Atmospheric temperature soundings with significantly improved vertical resolution can be obtained from carefully chosen narrow band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> measurements in the 4.3-micron band of CO2 by taking advantage of the variation of the absorption coefficients, and thereby the weighting functions, with pressure and temperature. A set of channels has been found in the 4.2-micron region that is capable of yielding about 2-km vertical resolution in the troposphere. The concept of a complete system is presented for obtaining high resolution retrievals of temperature and water vapor distribution, as well as surface and cloud top temperatures, even in the presence of broken clouds.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995ppsc.conf..355G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995ppsc.conf..355G"><span>n-body simulations using message <span class="hlt">passing</span> parallel computers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Grama, A. Y.; Kumar, V.; Sameh, A.</p> <p></p> <p>The authors present new parallel formulations of the Barnes-Hut method for n-body simulations on message <span class="hlt">passing</span> computers. These parallel formulations partition the domain efficiently incurring minimal communication overhead. This is in contrast to existing schemes that are based on sorting a large number of keys or on the use of global data structures. The new formulations are augmented by alternate communication strategies which serve to minimize communication overhead. The impact of these communication strategies is experimentally studied. The authors report on experimental results obtained from an astrophysical simulation on an nCUBE2 parallel computer.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20090042311','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20090042311"><span>UAVSAR: Airborne L-band Radar for Repeat <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Interferometry</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Moes, Timothy R.</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>The primary objectives of the UAVSAR Project were to: a) develop a miniaturized polarimetric L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for use on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or piloted vehicle. b) develop the associated processing algorithms for repeat-<span class="hlt">pass</span> differential interferometric measurements using a single antenna. c) conduct measurements of geophysical interest, particularly changes of rapidly deforming surfaces such as volcanoes or earthquakes. Two complete systems were developed. Operational Science Missions began on February 18, 2009 ... concurrent development and testing of the radar system continues.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730032722&hterms=psychometrics&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Dpsychometrics','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730032722&hterms=psychometrics&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Dpsychometrics"><span>Estimation of the <span class="hlt">passing</span> of four consecutive hours.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Webb, W. B.; Ross, W.</p> <p>1972-01-01</p> <p>In the AM and PM (9 to 1) males and females gave estimates of the hourly <span class="hlt">passing</span> of time for 4 hr. There were no differences between sexes or AM/PM estimates. The group was less than 1 min off after an hour and 12 min off after 4 hr. There was a wide range of individual differences. One-fourth of the subjects were within an error of 10 min after 4 hr whereas another one-fourth were off more than 50 min. The accuracy of estimates was about equal to accuracy of awakening from sleep to randomly chosen awakening times.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020043296','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020043296"><span>Charon Message-<span class="hlt">Passing</span> Toolkit for Scientific Computations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>VanderWijngaart, Rob F.; Yan, Jerry (Technical Monitor)</p> <p>2000-01-01</p> <p>Charon is a library, callable from C and Fortran, that aids the conversion of structured-grid legacy codes-such as those used in the numerical computation of fluid flows-into parallel, high- performance codes. Key are functions that define distributed arrays, that map between distributed and non-distributed arrays, and that allow easy specification of common communications on structured grids. The library is based on the widely accepted MPI message <span class="hlt">passing</span> standard. We present an overview of the functionality of Charon, and some representative results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=331400','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=331400"><span>Low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> sequencing for microbial comparative genomics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Goo, Young Ah; Roach, Jared; Glusman, Gustavo; Baliga, Nitin S; Deutsch, Kerry; Pan, Min; Kennedy, Sean; DasSarma, Shiladitya; Victor Ng, Wailap; Hood, Leroy</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Background We studied four extremely halophilic archaea by low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> shotgun sequencing: (1) the metabolically versatile Haloarcula marismortui; (2) the non-pigmented Natrialba asiatica; (3) the psychrophile Halorubrum lacusprofundi and (4) the Dead Sea isolate Halobaculum gomorrense. Approximately one thousand single <span class="hlt">pass</span> genomic sequences per genome were obtained. The data were analyzed by comparative genomic analyses using the completed Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 genome as a reference. Low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> shotgun sequencing is a simple, inexpensive, and rapid approach that can readily be performed on any cultured microbe. Results As expected, the four archaeal halophiles analyzed exhibit both bacterial and eukaryotic characteristics as well as uniquely archaeal traits. All five halophiles exhibit greater than sixty percent GC content and low isoelectric points (pI) for their predicted proteins. Multiple insertion sequence (IS) elements, often involved in genome rearrangements, were identified in H. lacusprofundi and H. marismortui. The core biological functions that govern cellular and genetic mechanisms of H. sp. NRC-1 appear to be conserved in these four other halophiles. Multiple TATA box binding protein (TBP) and transcription factor IIB (TFB) homologs were identified from most of the four shotgunned halophiles. The reconstructed molecular tree of all five halophiles shows a large divergence between these species, but with the closest relationship being between H. sp. NRC-1 and H. lacusprofundi. Conclusion Despite the diverse habitats of these species, all five halophiles share (1) high GC content and (2) low protein isoelectric points, which are characteristics associated with environmental exposure to UV radiation and hypersalinity, respectively. Identification of multiple IS elements in the genome of H. lacusprofundi and H. marismortui suggest that genome structure and dynamic genome reorganization might be similar to that previously observed in the IS-element rich</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20020052027&hterms=SUPERVISION&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3DSUPERVISION','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20020052027&hterms=SUPERVISION&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3DSUPERVISION"><span>Trace-Driven Debugging of Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Programs</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Frumkin, Michael; Hood, Robert; Lopez, Louis; Bailey, David (Technical Monitor)</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>In this paper we report on features added to a parallel debugger to simplify the debugging of parallel message <span class="hlt">passing</span> programs. These features include replay, setting consistent breakpoints based on interprocess event causality, a parallel undo operation, and communication supervision. These features all use trace information collected during the execution of the program being debugged. We used a number of different instrumentation techniques to collect traces. We also implemented trace displays using two different trace visualization systems. The implementation was tested on an SGI Power Challenge cluster and a network of SGI workstations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860030817&hterms=Cat+eyes&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3DCat%2Beyes','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860030817&hterms=Cat+eyes&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3DCat%2Beyes"><span>Double <span class="hlt">passing</span> the Kitt Peak 1-m Fourier transform spectrometer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Jennings, D. E.; Hubbard, R.; Brault, J. W.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>Attention is given to a simple technique for performing the conversion of the Kitt Peak 1-m Fourier transform spectrometer's dual input/output optical configuration to a double <span class="hlt">pass</span> configuration that improves spectral resolution by a factor of 2. The modification is made by placing a flat mirror in the output beam from each cat's eye, retroreflecting the beams back through the cat's eyes to the first beam splitter. A single detector is placed at the second input port, which then becomes the instrument's output.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27097331','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27097331"><span>Quantitative modelling in cognitive ergonomics: predicting signals <span class="hlt">passed</span> at danger.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Moray, Neville; Groeger, John; Stanton, Neville</p> <p>2017-02-01</p> <p>This paper shows how to combine field observations, experimental data and mathematical modelling to produce quantitative explanations and predictions of complex events in human-machine interaction. As an example, we consider a major railway accident. In 1999, a commuter train <span class="hlt">passed</span> a red signal near Ladbroke Grove, UK, into the path of an express. We use the Public Inquiry Report, 'black box' data, and accident and engineering reports to construct a case history of the accident. We show how to combine field data with mathematical modelling to estimate the probability that the driver observed and identified the state of the signals, and checked their status. Our methodology can explain the SPAD ('Signal <span class="hlt">Passed</span> At Danger'), generate recommendations about signal design and placement and provide quantitative guidance for the design of safer railway systems' speed limits and the location of signals. Practitioner Summary: Detailed ergonomic analysis of railway signals and rail infrastructure reveals problems of signal identification at this location. A record of driver eye movements measures attention, from which a quantitative model for out signal placement and permitted speeds can be derived. The paper is an example of how to combine field data, basic research and mathematical modelling to solve ergonomic design problems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014SPIE.9241E..0CA','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014SPIE.9241E..0CA"><span>Mission design for NISAR repeat-<span class="hlt">pass</span> Interferometric SAR</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Alvarez-Salazar, Oscar; Hatch, Sara; Rocca, Jennifer; Rosen, Paul; Shaffer, Scott; Shen, Yuhsyen; Sweetser, Theodore; Xaypraseuth, Peter</p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>The proposed spaceborne NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) mission would use the repeat-<span class="hlt">pass</span> interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) technique to measure the changing shape of Earth's surface at the centimeter scale in support of investigations in solid Earth and cryospheric sciences. Repeat-<span class="hlt">pass</span> InSAR relies on multiple SAR observations acquired from nearly identical positions of the spacecraft as seen from the ground. Consequently, there are tight constraints on the repeatability of the orbit, and given the narrow field of view of the radar antenna beam, on the repeatability of the beam pointing. The quality and accuracy of the InSAR data depend on highly precise control of both orbital position and observatory pointing throughout the science observation life of the mission. This paper describes preliminary NISAR requirements and rationale for orbit repeatability and attitude control in order to meet science requirements. A preliminary error budget allocation and an implementation approach to meet these allocations are also discussed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1410024-ordering-traces-logically-identify-lateness-message-passing-programs','SCIGOV-DOEP'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1410024-ordering-traces-logically-identify-lateness-message-passing-programs"><span>Ordering Traces Logically to Identify Lateness in Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Programs</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/pages">DOE PAGES</a></p> <p>Isaacs, Katherine E.; Gamblin, Todd; Bhatele, Abhinav; ...</p> <p>2015-03-30</p> <p>Event traces are valuable for understanding the behavior of parallel programs. However, automatically analyzing a large parallel trace is difficult, especially without a specific objective. We aid this endeavor by extracting a trace's logical structure, an ordering of trace events derived from happened-before relationships, while taking into account developer intent. Using this structure, we can calculate an operation's delay relative to its peers on other processes. The logical structure also serves as a platform for comparing and clustering processes as well as highlighting communication patterns in a trace visualization. We present an algorithm for determining this idealized logical structure frommore » traces of message <span class="hlt">passing</span> programs, and we develop metrics to quantify delays and differences among processes. We implement our techniques in Ravel, a parallel trace visualization tool that displays both logical and physical timelines. Rather than showing the duration of each operation, we display where delays begin and end, and how they propagate. As a result, we apply our approach to the traces of several message <span class="hlt">passing</span> applications, demonstrating the accuracy of our extracted structure and its utility in analyzing these codes.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3669401','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3669401"><span><span class="hlt">Passing</span> Messages between Biological Networks to Refine Predicted Interactions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Glass, Kimberly; Huttenhower, Curtis; Quackenbush, John; Yuan, Guo-Cheng</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Regulatory network reconstruction is a fundamental problem in computational biology. There are significant limitations to such reconstruction using individual datasets, and increasingly people attempt to construct networks using multiple, independent datasets obtained from complementary sources, but methods for this integration are lacking. We developed PANDA (<span class="hlt">Passing</span> Attributes between Networks for Data Assimilation), a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> model using multiple sources of information to predict regulatory relationships, and used it to integrate protein-protein interaction, gene expression, and sequence motif data to reconstruct genome-wide, condition-specific regulatory networks in yeast as a model. The resulting networks were not only more accurate than those produced using individual data sets and other existing methods, but they also captured information regarding specific biological mechanisms and pathways that were missed using other methodologies. PANDA is scalable to higher eukaryotes, applicable to specific tissue or cell type data and conceptually generalizable to include a variety of regulatory, interaction, expression, and other genome-scale data. An implementation of the PANDA algorithm is available at www.sourceforge.net/projects/panda-net. PMID:23741402</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25895019','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25895019"><span>The Infundibular Recess <span class="hlt">Passes</span> through the Entire Pituitary Stalk.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Tsutsumi, S; Hori, M; Ono, H; Tabuchi, T; Aoki, S; Yasumoto, Y</p> <p>2016-12-01</p> <p>The infundibular recess (IR), commonly illustrated as a V-shaped hollow in the sagittal view, is recognized as a small extension of the third ventricle into the pituitary stalk. The precise morphology of the human IR is unknown. The present study sought to delineate the morphology of the IR using magnetic resonance imaging. Subjects included 100 patients without acute cerebral infarcts, intracranial hemorrhage, intrasellar or suprasellar cysts, hydrocephalus, inflammatory disease, or brain tumors. Patients with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, intracranial hypotension, or pituitary dysfunction were excluded. Thin-sliced, seamless T2-weighted sequences involving the optic chiasm, entire pituitary stalk, and pituitary gland were performed in axial and sagittal planes for each patient. The numbers of slices delineating the pituitary stalk and IR were recorded from the axial images and quantified as ratios. The pituitary stalk consistently appeared as a styloid- or cone-shaped structure with variable inclinations toward the third ventricle floor. The IR was delineated as a smoothly tapering, tubular extension of the third ventricle located in the central portion of the pituitary stalk. In 81 % of patients, the IR <span class="hlt">passed</span> through the entire length of the pituitary stalk and reached the upper surface of the pituitary gland, which was identified in 40 % of the midsagittal images. The IR is a cerebrospinal fluid-filled canal <span class="hlt">passing</span> through the center of the pituitary stalk and connects the third ventricle to the pituitary gland. It may function in conjunction with the pituitary gland.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhRvB..97f4202D','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhRvB..97f4202D"><span>Quantum cluster variational method and message <span class="hlt">passing</span> algorithms revisited</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Domínguez, E.; Mulet, Roberto</p> <p>2018-02-01</p> <p>We present a general framework to study quantum disordered systems in the context of the Kikuchi's cluster variational method (CVM). The method relies in the solution of message <span class="hlt">passing</span>-like equations for single instances or in the iterative solution of complex population dynamic algorithms for an average case scenario. We first show how a standard application of the Kikuchi's CVM can be easily translated to message <span class="hlt">passing</span> equations for specific instances of the disordered system. We then present an "ad hoc" extension of these equations to a population dynamic algorithm representing an average case scenario. At the Bethe level, these equations are equivalent to the dynamic population equations that can be derived from a proper cavity ansatz. However, at the plaquette approximation, the interpretation is more subtle and we discuss it taking also into account previous results in classical disordered models. Moreover, we develop a formalism to properly deal with the average case scenario using a replica-symmetric ansatz within this CVM for quantum disordered systems. Finally, we present and discuss numerical solutions of the different approximations for the quantum transverse Ising model and the quantum random field Ising model in two-dimensional lattices.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988STIN...8918605S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988STIN...8918605S"><span>Design of a network for concurrent message <span class="hlt">passing</span> systems</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Song, Paul Y.</p> <p>1988-08-01</p> <p>We describe the design of the network design frame (NDF), a self-timed routing chip for a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> concurrent computer. The NDF uses a partitioned data path, low-voltage output drivers, and a distributed token-<span class="hlt">passing</span> arbiter to provide a bandwidth of 450 Mbits/sec into the network. Wormhole routing and bidirectional virtual channels are used to provide low latency communications, less than 2us latency to deliver a 216 bit message across the diameter of a 1K node mess-connected machine. To support concurrent software systems, the NDF provides two logical networks, one for user messages and one for system messages. The two networks share the same set of physical wires. To facilitate the development of network nodes, the NDF is a design frame. The NDF circuitry is integrated into the pad frame of a chip leaving the center of the chip uncommitted. We define an analytic framework in which to study the effects of network size, network buffering capacity, bidirectional channels, and traffic on this class of networks. The response of the network to various combinations of these parameters are obtained through extensive simulation of the network model. Through simulation, we are able to observe the macro behavior of the network as opposed to the micro behavior of the NDF routing controller.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23741402','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23741402"><span><span class="hlt">Passing</span> messages between biological networks to refine predicted interactions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Glass, Kimberly; Huttenhower, Curtis; Quackenbush, John; Yuan, Guo-Cheng</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Regulatory network reconstruction is a fundamental problem in computational biology. There are significant limitations to such reconstruction using individual datasets, and increasingly people attempt to construct networks using multiple, independent datasets obtained from complementary sources, but methods for this integration are lacking. We developed PANDA (<span class="hlt">Passing</span> Attributes between Networks for Data Assimilation), a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> model using multiple sources of information to predict regulatory relationships, and used it to integrate protein-protein interaction, gene expression, and sequence motif data to reconstruct genome-wide, condition-specific regulatory networks in yeast as a model. The resulting networks were not only more accurate than those produced using individual data sets and other existing methods, but they also captured information regarding specific biological mechanisms and pathways that were missed using other methodologies. PANDA is scalable to higher eukaryotes, applicable to specific tissue or cell type data and conceptually generalizable to include a variety of regulatory, interaction, expression, and other genome-scale data. An implementation of the PANDA algorithm is available at www.sourceforge.net/projects/panda-net.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_18 --> <div id="page_19" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="361"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9472E..08W','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015SPIE.9472E..08W"><span>Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> encoding of hyperspectral imagery with spectral quality control</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Wasson, Steven; Walker, William</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> encoding is a technique employed in the field of video compression that maximizes the quality of an encoded video sequence within the constraints of a specified bit <span class="hlt">rate</span>. This paper presents research where multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> encoding is extended to the field of hyperspectral image compression. Unlike video, which is primarily intended to be viewed by a human observer, hyperspectral imagery is processed by computational algorithms that generally attempt to classify the pixel spectra within the imagery. As such, these algorithms are more sensitive to distortion in the spectral dimension of the image than they are to perceptual distortion in the spatial dimension. The compression algorithm developed for this research, which uses the Karhunen-Loeve transform for spectral decorrelation followed by a modified H.264/Advanced Video Coding (AVC) encoder, maintains a user-specified spectral quality level while maximizing the compression ratio throughout the encoding process. The compression performance may be considered near-lossless in certain scenarios. For qualitative purposes, this paper presents the performance of the compression algorithm for several Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) and Hyperion datasets using spectral angle as the spectral quality assessment function. Specifically, the compression performance is illustrated in the form of <span class="hlt">rate</span>-distortion curves that plot spectral angle versus bits per pixel per band (bpppb).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29635233','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29635233"><span>The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Countries <span class="hlt">Passing</span> through the Economic Transition.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Prentice, Andrew M</p> <p>2018-01-01</p> <p>Undernutrition in both its acute and chronic forms (wasting and stunting) is strongly inversely correlated with the wealth of nations. Consequently, as many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) achieve economic advancement and <span class="hlt">pass</span> through the so-called "nutrition transition," their <span class="hlt">rates</span> of undernutrition decline. Many countries successfully achieved the Millennium Development Goal of halving undernutrition and whole continents have been transformed in recent decades. The exception is Africa where the slower <span class="hlt">rates</span> of decline in the prevalence of undernutrition has been overtaken by population growth so that the absolute number of stunted children is rising. In many regions, economic transition is causing a rapid increase in the number of overweight and obese people. The rapidity of this rise is such that many nations bear the simultaneous burdens of under- and overnutrition; termed the "double burden" of malnutrition. This double burden, accompanied as it is by the unfinished agenda of high levels of infectious diseases, is crippling the health systems of many LMICs and thus requires urgent attention. Although the prognosis looks threatening for many poor countries, they have the advantage of being able to learn from the mistakes made by other nations that have <span class="hlt">passed</span> through the transition before them. Concerted action across many arms of government would achieve huge future dividends in health and wealth for any nations that can grasp the challenge. © 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-GSFC_20171208_Archive_e000105.html','SCIGOVIMAGE-NASA'); return false;" href="https://images.nasa.gov/#/details-GSFC_20171208_Archive_e000105.html"><span>"April Fool’s Day" comet to <span class="hlt">pass</span> by Earth</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://images.nasa.gov/">NASA Image and Video Library</a></p> <p></p> <p>2017-12-08</p> <p>On April 1, 2017, comet 41P will <span class="hlt">pass</span> closer than it normally does to Earth, giving observers with binoculars or a telescope a special viewing opportunity. Comet hunters in the Northern Hemisphere should look for it near the constellations Draco and Ursa Major, which the Big Dipper is part of. Whether a comet will put on a good show for observers is notoriously difficult to predict, but 41P has a history of outbursts, and put on quite a display in 1973. If the comet experiences similar outbursts this time, there’s a chance it could become bright enough to see with the naked eye. The comet is expected to reach perihelion, or its closest approach to the sun, on April 12. A member of the Jupiter family of comets, 41P makes a trip around the sun every 5.4 years, coming relatively close to Earth on some of those trips. On this approach, the comet will <span class="hlt">pass</span> our planet at a distance of about 13 million miles (0.14 astronomical units), or about 55 times the distance from Earth to the moon. This is the comet’s closest approach to Earth in more than 50 years and perhaps more than a century. Read more: go.nasa.gov/2nLNzes Photo caption: In this image taken March 24, 2017, comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresák is shown moving through a field of faint galaxies in the bowl of the Big Dipper. On April 1, the comet will <span class="hlt">pass</span> by Earth at a distance of about 13 million miles (0.14 astronomical units), or 55 times the distance from Earth to the moon; that is a much closer approach than usual for this Jupiter-family comet. Photo credit: Image copyright Chris Schur©, used with permission NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhRvA..97e3409V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018PhRvA..97e3409V"><span>Relations between the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> transition probabilities in quantum systems with two and three states</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Vitanov, Nikolay V.</p> <p>2018-05-01</p> <p>In the experimental determination of the population transfer efficiency between discrete states of a coherently driven quantum system it is often inconvenient to measure the population of the target state. Instead, after the interaction that transfers the population from the initial state to the target state, a second interaction is applied which brings the system back to the initial state, the population of which is easy to measure and normalize. If the transition probability is p in the forward process, then classical intuition suggests that the probability to return to the initial state after the backward process should be p2. However, this classical expectation is generally misleading because it neglects interference effects. This paper presents a rigorous theoretical analysis based on the SU(2) and SU(3) symmetries of the propagators describing the evolution of quantum systems with two and three states, resulting in explicit analytic formulas that link the two-step probabilities to the single-step ones. Explicit examples are given with the popular techniques of rapid adiabatic passage and stimulated Raman adiabatic passage. The present results suggest that quantum-mechanical probabilities degrade faster in repeated processes than classical probabilities. Therefore, the actual single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> efficiencies in various experiments, calculated from double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> probabilities, might have been greater than the reported values.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/86813','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/86813"><span>A pilot golden eagle population study in the Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wind Resource Area, California</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Hunt, G.</p> <p>1995-05-01</p> <p>Orloff and Flannery (1992) estimated that several hundred reports are annually killed by turbine collisions, wire strikes, and electrocutions at the Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Wind Resource Area (WRA). The most common fatalities were those of red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), American kestrels (Falco sparvatius), and golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), with lesser numbers of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura), common ravens (Corvus corax), bam owls (Tyto alba), and others. Among the species of raptors killed at Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, the one whose local population is most likely to be impacted is the golden eagle. Besides its being less abundant than the others, the breeding andmore » recruitment <span class="hlt">rates</span> of golden eagles are naturally slow, increasing their susceptibility to decline as a result of mortality influences. The golden eagle is a species afforded special federal protection because of its inclusion within the Bald Eagle Protection Act as amended in 1963. There are no provisions within the Act which would allow the killing ``taking`` of golden eagles by WRA structures. This report details the results of field studies conducted during 19941. The primary purpose of the investigation is to lay the groundwork for determining whether or not turbine strikes and other hazards related to energy at Altamont <span class="hlt">Pass</span> may be expected to affect golden eagles on a population basis. We also seek an understanding of the physical and biotic circumstances which attract golden eagles to the WRA within the context of the surrounding landscape and the conditions under which they are killed by wind turbines. Such knowledge may suggest turbine-related or habitat modifications that would result in a lower incidence of eagle mortality.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24455554','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24455554"><span>Oncology knowledge gap among freshly <span class="hlt">passed</span> interns in a Government Medical College of Eastern India.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bandyopadhyay, Anis; Das, Anuradha; Ghosh, Ashok; Giri, Rajsekhar; Biswas, Nilay</p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>A survey was conducted among freshly <span class="hlt">passed</span> undergraduate doctors of a medical college in Eastern India with the aim to investigate their exposure to oncology patients, their knowledge about various aspects of oncology patient management and their confidence in managing patients with cancer. One hundred and twelve newly <span class="hlt">passed</span> interns of a Government Medical College in Kolkata were interviewed using semi-structured partly open ended and partly closed end questionnaire. The questionnaire dealt with the qualitative and quantitative aspects of knowledge and perception of the interns about the problem of cancer and its management. A total of 82 interns responded to the questionnaire, with a response <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 73.2%. About 53% of the respondents have seen less than five patients during their undergraduate ward/clinical postings. Among the respondents, 71% felt they were confident in diagnosing cancer, and about 56% were confident in counseling of patient and their relatives about cancer. About 63% were aware about the role of surgery; however, only 32% and 37.5% were aware about the role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, respectively. A dismal 12.5% were confident of care of terminal and late stage patients. Preparedness was correlated with exposure to patients with cancer (P = 0.03). Majority (87%) felt the need for incorporating oncology training at the undergraduate level and the most frequent method (67%) suggested for doing so was having separate posting in radiotherapy department/oncology wards. There is glaring knowledge gap among newly <span class="hlt">passed</span> doctors and integrated oncology postings during undergraduate training and during internship may help seal this gap.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17155147','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17155147"><span>Public-channel cryptography based on mutual chaos <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Klein, Einat; Gross, Noam; Kopelowitz, Evi; Rosenbluh, Michael; Khaykovich, Lev; Kinzel, Wolfgang; Kanter, Ido</p> <p>2006-10-01</p> <p>We study the mutual coupling of chaotic lasers and observe both experimentally and in numeric simulations that there exists a regime of parameters for which two mutually coupled chaotic lasers establish isochronal synchronization, while a third laser coupled unidirectionally to one of the pair does not synchronize. We then propose a cryptographic scheme, based on the advantage of mutual coupling over unidirectional coupling, where all the parameters of the system are public knowledge. We numerically demonstrate that in such a scheme the two communicating lasers can add a message signal (compressed binary message) to the transmitted coupling signal and recover the message in both directions with high fidelity by using a mutual chaos <span class="hlt">pass</span> filter procedure. An attacker, however, fails to recover an errorless message even if he amplifies the coupling signal.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70014367','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70014367"><span>Permeability of rock samples from Cajon <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, California</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Morrow, C.; Byerlee, J.</p> <p>1988-01-01</p> <p>Room temperature, steady-state flow measurements of permeability were conducted on 15 unfractured core samples collected at depths between 270 and 2100 m in the Cajon <span class="hlt">Pass</span> drillhole. Confining and pore pressures were set to the lithostat and hydrostat for each depth. The first 500 m encountered in the drill hole is composed of sandstones with typically high permeabilities of around 10-17m2. The crystalline rocks between 500 and 2100 m show a systematic decrease in permeability with depth from 10-19 to less than 10-21m2. These values are particularly low relative to the applied effective stresses of only 10-30 MPa, and may be a result of the extensive crack healing that was observed in most samples. -Authors</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016JSMTE..07.3401T','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016JSMTE..07.3401T"><span>Approximate message <span class="hlt">passing</span> with restricted Boltzmann machine priors</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tramel, Eric W.; Drémeau, Angélique; Krzakala, Florent</p> <p>2016-07-01</p> <p>Approximate message <span class="hlt">passing</span> (AMP) has been shown to be an excellent statistical approach to signal inference and compressed sensing problems. The AMP framework provides modularity in the choice of signal prior; here we propose a hierarchical form of the Gauss-Bernoulli prior which utilizes a restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) trained on the signal support to push reconstruction performance beyond that of simple i.i.d. priors for signals whose support can be well represented by a trained binary RBM. We present and analyze two methods of RBM factorization and demonstrate how these affect signal reconstruction performance within our proposed algorithm. Finally, using the MNIST handwritten digit dataset, we show experimentally that using an RBM allows AMP to approach oracle-support performance.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800035786&hterms=Wave+filter&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3DWave%2Bfilter','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800035786&hterms=Wave+filter&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3DWave%2Bfilter"><span>Low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> interference filters for submillimeter astronomy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Whitcomb, S. E.; Keene, J.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>Low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> (long-wave transmitting) interference filters, suitable for broadband photometric observations, previously have been constructed from series of capacitive grids stretched on thin Mylar. These filters have the desired optical properties of high transmission, sharp cut-ons, and good blocking at short wavelengths. Their designs, however, do not scale from one wavelength to another and their performance can deteriorate at low temperatures due to differential contraction of the dielectric backing and the supporting structure. The deviation of these early filters from the predicted scaling was due primarily to the difference in refractive index between the backing material and the medium between the grids. In the present paper, filters are described in which dielectric spacers are used, instead of air, as the medium between the grids. This technique has improved the scaling and has reduced the distortion from differential contraction.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910000409&hterms=Wave+filter&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DWave%2Bfilter','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910000409&hterms=Wave+filter&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DWave%2Bfilter"><span>Making High-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Filters For Submillimeter Waves</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Siegel, Peter H.; Lichtenberger, John A.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Micromachining-and-electroforming process makes rigid metal meshes with cells ranging in size from 0.002 in. to 0.05 in. square. Series of steps involving cutting, grinding, vapor deposition, and electroforming creates self-supporting, electrically thick mesh. Width of holes typically 1.2 times cutoff wavelength of dominant waveguide mode in hole. To obtain sharp frequency-cutoff characteristic, thickness of mesh made greater than one-half of guide wavelength of mode in hole. Meshes used as high-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters (dichroic plates) for submillimeter electromagnetic waves. Process not limited to square silicon wafers. Round wafers also used, with slightly more complication in grinding periphery. Grid in any pattern produced in electroforming mandrel. Any platable metal or alloy used for mesh.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017JPhCS.917f2043K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017JPhCS.917f2043K"><span>Band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters based on photonic crystal</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Khodenkov, S. A.; Yushkov, I. A.</p> <p>2017-11-01</p> <p>Multilayer photonic crystal structures with bleaching layers are being investigated. In order to calculate the characteristics of ultra-wideband filters on their basis, T-lines lossless model was used. Amplitude-frequency characteristics for the synthesized filters of 5th, 11th and 17th orders are given. It is proved that by a significant increase in filter N order, the difference between the connection coefficients of central resonators’ layers’ becomes negligible. This makes it possible to develop 27-order filter, in which almost half of the layers are realized by periodic interchange of only two identical high-contrast materials. The investigated band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters, including the ones on a glass substrate, have high frequency-selective properties at a relative bandwidth of 80%.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19790060678&hterms=base+station&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Dbase%2Bstation','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19790060678&hterms=base+station&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Dbase%2Bstation"><span>Base line estimation using single <span class="hlt">passes</span> of laser data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Dunn, P. J.; Torrence, M.; Smith, D. E.; Kolenkiewicz, R.</p> <p>1979-01-01</p> <p>The laser data of the GEOS 3 satellite <span class="hlt">passes</span> observed by four stations at Greenbelt (Maryland), Bermuda, Grand Turk Island (Bahamas) and Patrick Air Force Base (Florida), were employed to determine precise interstation base lines and relative heights in short orbital arcs of no more than 12-min duration. No more than five arcs of data are required to define the interstation base lines to 30-cm precision. Base lines running parallel to the orbital motion can be defined to submeter precision from a single short arc of data. Combining arcs of different orbital geometry in a common adjustment of two or more stations relative to the base station helps to compensate for weak base line definition in any single arc. This technique can be used for tracking such spacecraft as Lageos, a high-altitude retroreflector-carrying satellite designed for precise laser ranging studies.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1369636','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1369636"><span>Solidify, An LLVM <span class="hlt">pass</span> to compile LLVM IR into Solidity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Kothapalli, Abhiram</p> <p></p> <p>The software currently compiles LLVM IR into Solidity (Ethereum’s dominant programming language) using LLVM’s <span class="hlt">pass</span> library. Specifically, his compiler allows us to convert an arbitrary DSL into Solidity. We focus specifically on converting Domain Specific Languages into Solidity due to their ease of use, and provable properties. By creating a toolchain to compile lightweight domain-specific languages into Ethereum's dominant language, Solidity, we allow non-specialists to effectively develop safe and useful smart contracts. For example lawyers from a certain firm can have a proprietary DSL that codifies basic laws safely converted to Solidity to be securely executed on the blockchain. Inmore » another example, a simple provenance tracking language can be compiled and securely executed on the blockchain.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29286724','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29286724"><span>Clogging Transition of Vibration-Driven Vehicles <span class="hlt">Passing</span> through Constrictions.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Patterson, G A; Fierens, P I; Sangiuliano Jimka, F; König, P G; Garcimartín, A; Zuriguel, I; Pugnaloni, L A; Parisi, D R</p> <p>2017-12-15</p> <p>We report experimental results on the competitive passage of elongated self-propelled vehicles rushing through a constriction. For the chosen experimental conditions, we observe the emergence of intermittencies similar to those reported previously for active matter <span class="hlt">passing</span> through narrow doors. Noteworthy, we find that, when the number of individuals crowding in front of the bottleneck increases, there is a transition from an unclogged to a clogged state characterized by a lack of convergence of the mean clog duration as the measuring time increases. It is demonstrated that this transition-which was reported previously only for externally vibrated systems such as colloids or granulars-appears also for self-propelled agents. This suggests that the transition should also occur for the flow through constrictions of living agents (e.g., humans and sheep), an issue that has been elusive so far in experiments due to safety risks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016OptLT..78..101M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016OptLT..78..101M"><span>Optical microfiber-loaded surface plasmonic TE-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Ma, Youqiao; Farrell, Gerald; Semenova, Yuliya; Li, Binghui; Yuan, Jinhui; Sang, Xinzhu; Yan, Binbin; Yu, Chongxiu; Guo, Tuan; Wu, Qiang</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>We propose a novel optical microfiber-loaded plasmonic TE-<span class="hlt">pass</span> polarizer consisting of an optical microfiber placed on top of a silver substrate and demonstrate its performance both numerically by using the finite element method (FEM) and experimentally. The simulation results show that the loss in the fundamental TE mode is relatively low while at the same time the fundamental TM mode suffers from a large metal dissipation loss induced by excitation of the microfiber-loaded surface plasmonic mode. The microfiber was fabricated using the standard microheater brushing-tapering technique. The measured extinction ratio over the range of the C-band wavelengths is greater than 20 dB for the polarizer with a microfiber diameter of 4 μm, which agrees well with the simulation results.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017PhRvL.119x8301P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017PhRvL.119x8301P"><span>Clogging Transition of Vibration-Driven Vehicles <span class="hlt">Passing</span> through Constrictions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Patterson, G. A.; Fierens, P. I.; Sangiuliano Jimka, F.; König, P. G.; Garcimartín, A.; Zuriguel, I.; Pugnaloni, L. A.; Parisi, D. R.</p> <p>2017-12-01</p> <p>We report experimental results on the competitive passage of elongated self-propelled vehicles rushing through a constriction. For the chosen experimental conditions, we observe the emergence of intermittencies similar to those reported previously for active matter <span class="hlt">passing</span> through narrow doors. Noteworthy, we find that, when the number of individuals crowding in front of the bottleneck increases, there is a transition from an unclogged to a clogged state characterized by a lack of convergence of the mean clog duration as the measuring time increases. It is demonstrated that this transition—which was reported previously only for externally vibrated systems such as colloids or granulars—appears also for self-propelled agents. This suggests that the transition should also occur for the flow through constrictions of living agents (e.g., humans and sheep), an issue that has been elusive so far in experiments due to safety risks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70045855','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70045855"><span>Parallelization of a hydrological model using the message <span class="hlt">passing</span> interface</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Wu, Yiping; Li, Tiejian; Sun, Liqun; Chen, Ji</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>With the increasing knowledge about the natural processes, hydrological models such as the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) are becoming larger and more complex with increasing computation time. Additionally, other procedures such as model calibration, which may require thousands of model iterations, can increase running time and thus further reduce rapid modeling and analysis. Using the widely-applied SWAT as an example, this study demonstrates how to parallelize a serial hydrological model in a Windows® environment using a parallel programing technology—Message <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Interface (MPI). With a case study, we derived the optimal values for the two parameters (the number of processes and the corresponding percentage of work to be distributed to the master process) of the parallel SWAT (P-SWAT) on an ordinary personal computer and a work station. Our study indicates that model execution time can be reduced by 42%–70% (or a speedup of 1.74–3.36) using multiple processes (two to five) with a proper task-distribution scheme (between the master and slave processes). Although the computation time cost becomes lower with an increasing number of processes (from two to five), this enhancement becomes less due to the accompanied increase in demand for message <span class="hlt">passing</span> procedures between the master and all slave processes. Our case study demonstrates that the P-SWAT with a five-process run may reach the maximum speedup, and the performance can be quite stable (fairly independent of a project size). Overall, the P-SWAT can help reduce the computation time substantially for an individual model run, manual and automatic calibration procedures, and optimization of best management practices. In particular, the parallelization method we used and the scheme for deriving the optimal parameters in this study can be valuable and easily applied to other hydrological or environmental models.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/24003','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/24003"><span>Evaluating the performance and making best use of <span class="hlt">passing</span> relief lanes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>This report documents the evaluation of the performance and safety effectiveness of <span class="hlt">passing</span> relief lanes within the State of Michigan. The study began with the identification of <span class="hlt">passing</span> relief lanes within Michigan. This was followed by collecting hi...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20195019','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20195019"><span>Time line for noncopers to <span class="hlt">pass</span> return-to-sports criteria after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hartigan, Erin H; Axe, Michael J; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn</p> <p>2010-03-01</p> <p>Randomized clinical trial. Determine effective interventions for improving readiness to return to sports postoperatively in patients with complete, unilateral, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture who do not compensate well after the injury (noncopers). Specifically, we compared the effects of 2 preoperative interventions on quadriceps strength and functional outcomes. The percentage of athletes who return to sports after ACL reconstruction varies considerably, possibly due to differential responses after acute ACL rupture and different management. Prognostic data for noncopers following ACL reconstruction is absent in the literature. Forty noncopers were randomly assigned to receive either progressive quadriceps strength-training exercises (STR group) or perturbation training in conjunction with strength-training exercises (PERT group) for 10 preoperative rehabilitation sessions. Postoperative rehabilitation was similar between groups. Data on quadriceps strength indices [(involved limb/uninvolved limb force) x 100], 4 hop score indices, and 2 self-report questionnaires were collected preoperatively and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare functional differences between the groups. Chi-square tests were used to compare frequencies of <span class="hlt">passing</span> functional criteria and reasons for differences in performance between groups postoperatively. Functional outcomes were not different between groups, except a greater number of patients in the PERT group achieved global <span class="hlt">rating</span> scores (current knee function expressed as a percentage of overall knee function prior to injury) necessary to <span class="hlt">pass</span> return-to-sports criteria 6 and 12 months after surgery. Mean scores for each functional outcome met return-to-sports criteria 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Frequency counts of individual data, however, indicated that 5% of noncopers <span class="hlt">passed</span> RTS criteria at 3, 48% at 6, and 78% at 12 months after surgery. Functional outcomes suggest that a</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_19 --> <div id="page_20" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="381"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15788378','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15788378"><span>Single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> environmental chamber for quantifying human responses to airborne chemicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Suarez, Joseph C; Warmath, D Stan; Koetz, Kurt P; Hood, Alison F; Thompson, Mark L; Kendal-Reed, Martin S; Walker, Dianne B; Walker, James C</p> <p>2005-03-01</p> <p>Despite increasing interest in the short-term effects of airborne environmental contaminants, experimental findings are generated at a very slow pace. This is due in part to the expense and complexity of most environmental chambers, which are needed for quantifying effects of wholebody exposures. We lessened this obstacle by designing, constructing, and testing a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span>, 10-m3 stainless-steel chamber. Compressed air is purified before being sent to an air dilution olfactometer, which supplies 1000 L (1 m3) per minute (referenced to STP) while maintaining 40% relative humidity (RH) and 22.6 degrees C. Precise control of all stimulus parameters is greatly simplified since air is not recirculated. Vapor-phase odorant concentrations are achieved by varying the proportion of total airflow <span class="hlt">passing</span> through one or more saturators, and are verified in real time by an infrared (IR) spectrometer. An adjoining 5-m3 anteroom is used for introducing known intensities of more chemically complex vapor and/or particulate stimuli into the chamber. Prior to the point that air is exhausted from the chamber, all components are made of stainless steel, Teflon, or glass. A LabView program contains feedback loops that achieve document chamber conditions and document performance. Additional instrumentation and computer systems provide for the automated collection of perceptual, respiratory, eye blink, heart <span class="hlt">rate</span>, blood pressure, psychological state, and cognitive data. These endpoints are now being recorded, using this facility, in response to ranges of concentrations of propionic acid and environmental tobacco smoke.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec312-3.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec312-3.pdf"><span>9 CFR 312.3 - Official marks and devices to identify inspected and <span class="hlt">passed</span> equine products.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... inspected and <span class="hlt">passed</span> equine products. 312.3 Section 312.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... § 312.3 Official marks and devices to identify inspected and <span class="hlt">passed</span> equine products. (a) The official... § 317.2 of this subchapter to identify inspected and <span class="hlt">passed</span> mule and other (nonhorse) equine carcasses...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.6 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POST-MORTEM INSPECTION § 310.6 Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking. Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking shall be marked conspicuously on the surface tissues thereof by a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-25/pdf/2013-01515.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-01-25/pdf/2013-01515.pdf"><span>78 FR 5477 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System, No Form Number; Extension, Without...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-25</p> <p>...-0113] Agency Information Collection Activities: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System, No Form Number; Extension, Without... Change, of a Currently Approved Collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System. (3) Agency...: Primary: Individuals or households. The Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> system allows an applicant or petitioner to schedule an...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-10-31/pdf/2012-26704.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-10-31/pdf/2012-26704.pdf"><span>77 FR 65898 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System, No Form Number; Extension, Without...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-10-31</p> <p>...-0113] Agency Information Collection Activities: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System, No Form Number; Extension, Without...) Title of the Form/Collection: Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> System. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable... Info<span class="hlt">Pass</span> system allows an applicant or petitioner to schedule an interview appointment with USCIS...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-5.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-5.pdf"><span>22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span>. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING <span class="hlt">PASSES</span> § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building <span class="hlt">passes</span>. A media...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-4.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title22-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title22-vol1-sec9b-4.pdf"><span>22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press <span class="hlt">pass</span> for technical crews.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Department of State building press <span class="hlt">pass</span> for technical crews. 9b.4 Section 9b.4 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING <span class="hlt">PASSES</span> § 9b.4 Department of State building press <span class="hlt">pass</span> for technical crews...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2012-title40-vol26-sec205-160-6.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2012-title40-vol26-sec205-160-6.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.160-6 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.160-6... SEA. (a) A failing vehicle is one whose measured noise level is in excess of the applicable noise... less than or equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of an SEA takes...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol24/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol24-sec205-160-6.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol24/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol24-sec205-160-6.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.160-6 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.160... failing under SEA. (a) A failing vehicle is one whose measured noise level is in excess of the applicable... vehicles is less than or equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of an SEA...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2013-title40-vol26-sec205-160-6.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2013-title40-vol26-sec205-160-6.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.160-6 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.160... failing under SEA. (a) A failing vehicle is one whose measured noise level is in excess of the applicable... vehicles is less than or equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of an SEA...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2014-title40-vol25-sec205-160-6.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2014-title40-vol25-sec205-160-6.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.160-6 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.160... failing under SEA. (a) A failing vehicle is one whose measured noise level is in excess of the applicable... vehicles is less than or equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of an SEA...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2012-title40-vol26-sec205-171-8.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title40-vol26/pdf/CFR-2012-title40-vol26-sec205-171-8.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.171-8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.171-8... failing under SEA. (a) A failing exhaust system is one which, when installed on any motorcycle which is in... in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of a SEA takes place when a decision that an...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2011-title40-vol25-sec205-160-6.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title40-vol25/pdf/CFR-2011-title40-vol25-sec205-160-6.pdf"><span>40 CFR 205.160-6 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> or failing under SEA. 205.160... failing under SEA. (a) A failing vehicle is one whose measured noise level is in excess of the applicable... vehicles is less than or equal to the number in Column A, the sample <span class="hlt">passes</span>. (c) <span class="hlt">Pass</span> or failure of an SEA...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1157720.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1157720.pdf"><span>The Effects on Soccer <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Skills When Warming Up with Two Different Sized Soccer Balls</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Burcak, Keskin</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of the present research is studying the effects of warm-up with two different sizes of balls on <span class="hlt">passing</span> skills. Loughborough Soccer <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Test (LSPT) was conducted on 28 non-elite football players, who participated in the present research for 10 training days. LSPT is a <span class="hlt">passing</span> skill protocol established on completing 16 passes…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19970010355','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19970010355"><span>The Effect of Wake <span class="hlt">Passing</span> on Turbine Blade Film Cooling</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Heidmann, James David</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>The effect of upstream blade row wake <span class="hlt">passing</span> on the showerhead film cooling performance of a downstream turbine blade has been investigated through a combination of experimental and computational studies. The experiments were performed in a steady-flow annular turbine cascade facility equipped with an upstream rotating row of cylindrical rods to produce a periodic wake field similar to that found in an actual turbine. Spanwise, chordwise, and temporal resolution of the blade surface temperature were achieved through the use of an array of nickel thin-film surface gauges covering one unit cell of showerhead film hole pattern. Film effectiveness and Nusselt number values were determined for a test matrix of various injectants, injectant blowing ratios, and wake Strouhal numbers. Results indicated a demonstratable reduction in film effectiveness with increasing Strouhal number, as well as the expected increase in film effectiveness with blowing ratio. An equation was developed to correlate the span-average film effectiveness data. The primary effect of wake unsteadiness was found to be correlated well by a chordwise-constant decrement of 0.094-St. Measurable spanwise film effectiveness variations were found near the showerhead region, but meaningful unsteady variations and downstream spanwise variations were not found. Nusselt numbers were less sensitive to wake and injection changes. Computations were performed using a three-dimensional turbulent Navier-Stokes code which was modified to model wake <span class="hlt">passing</span> and film cooling. Unsteady computations were found to agree well with steady computations provided the proper time-average blowing ratio and pressure/suction surface flow split are matched. The remaining differences were isolated to be due to the enhanced mixing in the unsteady solution caused by the wake sweeping normally on the pressure surface. Steady computations were found to be in excellent agreement with experimental Nusselt numbers, but to overpredict</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21428565-comparison-four-versus-three-pass-transjugular-biopsy-using-tru-cut-needle-randomized-study-using-cassette-prevent-biopsy-fragmentation','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/21428565-comparison-four-versus-three-pass-transjugular-biopsy-using-tru-cut-needle-randomized-study-using-cassette-prevent-biopsy-fragmentation"><span>A Comparison of Four- Versus Three-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Transjugular Biopsy Using a 19-G Tru-Cut Needle and a Randomized Study Using a Cassette to Prevent Biopsy Fragmentation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Vibhakorn, Shusang; Cholongitas, Evangelos; Kalambokis, George</p> <p>2009-05-15</p> <p>Recently, it has been shown that transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) with three <span class="hlt">passes</span> gives comparable specimens to percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of TJLB using four <span class="hlt">passes</span> in a consecutive series of patients, and whether using a supportive cassette can prevent fragmentation. One hundred consecutive TJLBs in 92 patients (48 transplanted), always using four <span class="hlt">passes</span> (19-G Tru-Cut), were compared to three-<span class="hlt">pass</span> TJLBs. The four-<span class="hlt">pass</span> TJLB specimens were randomized at a 1:1 ratio of liver cores placed in a cassette versus not. The four-<span class="hlt">pass</span> TJLBs, compared to three-<span class="hlt">pass</span> TJLBs, resulted in bettermore » specimens for length ({>=}25 mm: 50% vs. 35%; p = 0.026) and number of complete portal tracts (CPTs) ({>=}11: 40% vs. 26%; p = 0.027), without a higher complication <span class="hlt">rate</span>. The four-<span class="hlt">pass</span> TJLB with {>=}11 CPTs had a median length of 27 mm, and 57% of them longer than 28 mm contained {>=}11 CPTs. Putting the liver biopsy cores into a cassette did not improve the fragmentation <span class="hlt">rate</span> or adequacy of the specimen (length and number of CPTs) of TJLB. We conclude that at least four <span class="hlt">passes</span> with TJLB should be performed when liver specimens are needed for grading and staging. Using a supportive cassette did not reduce fragmentation.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1029268','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1029268"><span>Message <span class="hlt">passing</span> with a limited number of DMA byte counters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Blocksome, Michael [Rochester, MN; Chen, Dong [Croton on Hudson, NY; Giampapa, Mark E [Irvington, NY; Heidelberger, Philip [Cortlandt Manor, NY; Kumar, Sameer [White Plains, NY; Parker, Jeffrey J [Rochester, MN</p> <p>2011-10-04</p> <p>A method for <span class="hlt">passing</span> messages in a parallel computer system constructed as a plurality of compute nodes interconnected as a network where each compute node includes a DMA engine but includes only a limited number of byte counters for tracking a number of bytes that are sent or received by the DMA engine, where the byte counters may be used in shared counter or exclusive counter modes of operation. The method includes using rendezvous protocol, a source compute node deterministically sending a request to send (RTS) message with a single RTS descriptor using an exclusive injection counter to track both the RTS message and message data to be sent in association with the RTS message, to a destination compute node such that the RTS descriptor indicates to the destination compute node that the message data will be adaptively routed to the destination node. Using one DMA FIFO at the source compute node, the RTS descriptors are maintained for rendezvous messages destined for the destination compute node to ensure proper message data ordering thereat. Using a reception counter at a DMA engine, the destination compute node tracks reception of the RTS and associated message data and sends a clear to send (CTS) message to the source node in a rendezvous protocol form of a remote get to accept the RTS message and message data and processing the remote get (CTS) by the source compute node DMA engine to provide the message data to be sent.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19880002905','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19880002905"><span>Mapping a battlefield simulation onto message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> parallel architectures</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Nicol, David M.</p> <p>1987-01-01</p> <p>Perhaps the most critical problem in distributed simulation is that of mapping: without an effective mapping of workload to processors the speedup potential of parallel processing cannot be realized. Mapping a simulation onto a message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> architecture is especially difficult when the computational workload dynamically changes as a function of time and space; this is exactly the situation faced by battlefield simulations. This paper studies an approach where the simulated battlefield domain is first partitioned into many regions of equal size; typically there are more regions than processors. The regions are then assigned to processors; a processor is responsible for performing all simulation activity associated with the regions. The assignment algorithm is quite simple and attempts to balance load by exploiting locality of workload intensity. The performance of this technique is studied on a simple battlefield simulation implemented on the Flex/32 multiprocessor. Measurements show that the proposed method achieves reasonable processor efficiencies. Furthermore, the method shows promise for use in dynamic remapping of the simulation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018JSMTE..03.3405S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018JSMTE..03.3405S"><span>Weighted community detection and data clustering using message <span class="hlt">passing</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Shi, Cheng; Liu, Yanchen; Zhang, Pan</p> <p>2018-03-01</p> <p>Grouping objects into clusters based on the similarities or weights between them is one of the most important problems in science and engineering. In this work, by extending message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> algorithms and spectral algorithms proposed for an unweighted community detection problem, we develop a non-parametric method based on statistical physics, by mapping the problem to the Potts model at the critical temperature of spin-glass transition and applying belief propagation to solve the marginals corresponding to the Boltzmann distribution. Our algorithm is robust to over-fitting and gives a principled way to determine whether there are significant clusters in the data and how many clusters there are. We apply our method to different clustering tasks. In the community detection problem in weighted and directed networks, we show that our algorithm significantly outperforms existing algorithms. In the clustering problem, where the data were generated by mixture models in the sparse regime, we show that our method works all the way down to the theoretical limit of detectability and gives accuracy very close to that of the optimal Bayesian inference. In the semi-supervised clustering problem, our method only needs several labels to work perfectly in classic datasets. Finally, we further develop Thouless-Anderson-Palmer equations which heavily reduce the computation complexity in dense networks but give almost the same performance as belief propagation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PhRvS..11b4001X','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PhRvS..11b4001X"><span>Wake of a beam <span class="hlt">passing</span> through a diffraction radiation target</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Xiang, Dao; Huang, Wen-Hui; Lin, Yu-Zheng; Park, Sung-Ju; Ko, In Soo</p> <p>2008-02-01</p> <p>Diffraction radiation (DR) is one of the most promising candidates for electron beam diagnostics for International Linear Collider and x-ray free electron lasers due to its nonintercepting characteristic. One of the potential problems that may restrict its applications in real-time monitoring beam parameters is the wakefield generated by the presence of the DR target. In this paper, a comparative study of the wakefield and the backward DR (BDR) field is performed to clarify the relationship between them. The wakefield is studied with a particle-in-cell code MAGIC and the DR field is calculated based on virtual photon diffraction model. It is found that they have the same frequency spectrum and angular distribution, which indicates that the difference only exists in the subjective terminology. The longitudinal and transverse wake for a beam <span class="hlt">passing</span> through a DR target is calculated for a general case when the beam’s velocity is smaller than that of light. The resulted emittance growth and energy spread growth due to the short range wakefield is estimated and found to be permissible. In real measurement where BDR propagates in the direction perpendicular to the trajectory, it may add a transverse kick to the beam as a requirement of momentum conservation. The kick is found to be large enough to degrade the performance of accelerator driven facilities and needs to be corrected.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_20 --> <div id="page_21" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="401"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3517618','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3517618"><span>Reciprocity on the Hardwood: <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Patterns among Professional Basketball Players</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Willer, Robb; Sharkey, Amanda; Frey, Seth</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Past theory and research view reciprocal resource sharing as a fundamental building block of human societies. Most studies of reciprocity dynamics have focused on trading among individuals in laboratory settings. But if motivations to engage in these patterns of resource sharing are powerful, then we should observe forms of reciprocity even in highly structured group environments in which reciprocity does not clearly serve individual or group interests. To this end, we investigated whether patterns of reciprocity might emerge among teammates in professional basketball games. Using data from logs of National Basketball Association (NBA) games of the 2008–9 season, we estimated a series of conditional logistic regression models to test the impact of different factors on the probability that a given player would assist another player in scoring a basket. Our analysis found evidence for a direct reciprocity effect in which players who had “received” assists in the past tended to subsequently reciprocate their benefactors. Further, this tendency was time-dependent, with the probability of repayment highest soon after receiving an assist and declining as game time <span class="hlt">passed</span>. We found no evidence for generalized reciprocity – a tendency to “pay forward” assists – and only very limited evidence for indirect reciprocity – a tendency to reward players who had sent others many assists. These findings highlight the power of reciprocity to shape human behavior, even in a setting characterized by extensive planning, division of labor, quick decision-making, and a focus on inter-group competition. PMID:23236354</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23236354','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23236354"><span>Reciprocity on the hardwood: <span class="hlt">passing</span> patterns among professional basketball players.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Willer, Robb; Sharkey, Amanda; Frey, Seth</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Past theory and research view reciprocal resource sharing as a fundamental building block of human societies. Most studies of reciprocity dynamics have focused on trading among individuals in laboratory settings. But if motivations to engage in these patterns of resource sharing are powerful, then we should observe forms of reciprocity even in highly structured group environments in which reciprocity does not clearly serve individual or group interests. To this end, we investigated whether patterns of reciprocity might emerge among teammates in professional basketball games. Using data from logs of National Basketball Association (NBA) games of the 2008-9 season, we estimated a series of conditional logistic regression models to test the impact of different factors on the probability that a given player would assist another player in scoring a basket. Our analysis found evidence for a direct reciprocity effect in which players who had "received" assists in the past tended to subsequently reciprocate their benefactors. Further, this tendency was time-dependent, with the probability of repayment highest soon after receiving an assist and declining as game time <span class="hlt">passed</span>. We found no evidence for generalized reciprocity - a tendency to "pay forward" assists - and only very limited evidence for indirect reciprocity - a tendency to reward players who had sent others many assists. These findings highlight the power of reciprocity to shape human behavior, even in a setting characterized by extensive planning, division of labor, quick decision-making, and a focus on inter-group competition.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900017242','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900017242"><span>Single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> memory system evaluation for multiprogramming workloads</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Conte, Thomas M.; Hwu, Wen-Mei W.</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Modern memory systems are composed of levels of cache memories, a virtual memory system, and a backing store. Varying more than a few design parameters and measuring the performance of such systems has traditionally be constrained by the high cost of simulation. Models of cache performance recently introduced reduce the cost simulation but at the expense of accuracy of performance prediction. Stack-based methods predict performance accurately using one <span class="hlt">pass</span> over the trace for all cache sizes, but these techniques have been limited to fully-associative organizations. This paper presents a stack-based method of evaluating the performance of cache memories using a recurrence/conflict model for the miss ratio. Unlike previous work, the performance of realistic cache designs, such as direct-mapped caches, are predicted by the method. The method also includes a new approach to the problem of the effects of multiprogramming. This new technique separates the characteristics of the individual program from that of the workload. The recurrence/conflict method is shown to be practical, general, and powerful by comparing its performance to that of a popular traditional cache simulator. The authors expect that the availability of such a tool will have a large impact on future architectural studies of memory systems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940032903','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940032903"><span>Parallelized direct execution simulation of message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> parallel programs</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Dickens, Phillip M.; Heidelberger, Philip; Nicol, David M.</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>As massively parallel computers proliferate, there is growing interest in findings ways by which performance of massively parallel codes can be efficiently predicted. This problem arises in diverse contexts such as parallelizing computers, parallel performance monitoring, and parallel algorithm development. In this paper we describe one solution where one directly executes the application code, but uses a discrete-event simulator to model details of the presumed parallel machine such as operating system and communication network behavior. Because this approach is computationally expensive, we are interested in its own parallelization specifically the parallelization of the discrete-event simulator. We describe methods suitable for parallelized direct execution simulation of message-<span class="hlt">passing</span> parallel programs, and report on the performance of such a system, Large Application Parallel Simulation Environment (LAPSE), we have built on the Intel Paragon. On all codes measured to date, LAPSE predicts performance well typically within 10 percent relative error. Depending on the nature of the application code, we have observed low slowdowns (relative to natively executing code) and high relative speedups using up to 64 processors.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016PhRvB..94x5118B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016PhRvB..94x5118B"><span>Stopping dynamics of ions <span class="hlt">passing</span> through correlated honeycomb clusters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Balzer, Karsten; Schlünzen, Niclas; Bonitz, Michael</p> <p>2016-12-01</p> <p>A combined nonequilibrium Green functions-Ehrenfest dynamics approach is developed that allows for a time-dependent study of the energy loss of a charged particle penetrating a strongly correlated system at zero and finite temperatures. Numerical results are presented for finite inhomogeneous two-dimensional Fermi-Hubbard models, where the many-electron dynamics in the target are treated fully quantum mechanically and the motion of the projectile is treated classically. The simulations are based on the solution of the two-time Dyson (Keldysh-Kadanoff-Baym) equations using the second-order Born, third-order, and T -matrix approximations of the self-energy. As application, we consider protons and helium nuclei with a kinetic energy between 1 and 500 keV/u <span class="hlt">passing</span> through planar fragments of the two-dimensional honeycomb lattice and, in particular, examine the influence of electron-electron correlations on the energy exchange between projectile and electron system. We investigate the time dependence of the projectile's kinetic energy (stopping power), the electron density, the double occupancy, and the photoemission spectrum. Finally, we show that, for a suitable choice of the Hubbard model parameters, the results for the stopping power are in fair agreement with ab initio simulations for particle irradiation of single-layer graphene.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.H21E1180W','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.H21E1180W"><span>Fracture Characterization in the Astor <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Geothermal Field, Nevada</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Walsh, D. C.; Reeves, D. M.; Pohll, G.; Lyles, B. F.; Cooper, C. A.</p> <p>2011-12-01</p> <p>The Astor <span class="hlt">Pass</span> geothermal field, near Pyramid Lake, NV, is under study as a site of potential geothermal energy production. Three wells have been completed in the graben of this typical Basin and Range geologic setting. Lithologies include a layer of unconsolidated sediment (basin fill) underlain by various tertiary volcanic units and granodiorite and metavolcanic basement rock. Characterization of fractures within the relatively impermeable rock matrix is being conducted for the three wells. Statistical analysis of fracture orientation, densities, and spacing obtained from borehole imaging logs is used to determine stress orientation and to generate a statistically equivalent Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) model. Fractures at depth are compared to fracture data collected in nearby outcrops of the same lithologic stratigraphy. Fracture geometry and density is correlated to mechanically discrete layers within the stratigraphy to test whether variations in fracturing can be attributed to variations in Young's modulus. Correlation of fracture geometry and densities with spinner flowmeter logs and distributed temperature sensor records are made in an effort to identify potential flowing fracture zones intersecting the borehole. Mean fracture aperture is obtained from open fracture counts and reservoir-scale transmissivity values (computed from a 30 day pump test) in the absence of readily available aperture data. The goal of this thorough fracture characterization is to create a physically relevant model which may be coupled with a multipurpose fluid flow and thermal simulator for investigation of geothermal reservoir behavior, particularly at the borehole scale.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EPJWC..3502006T','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EPJWC..3502006T"><span>Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Stripline Beam Position Monitor Design, Fabrication and Commissioning</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Tan, Y.-R. E.; Wang, D.; Van Garderen, E.; McKinlay, J.</p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>To monitor the position of the electron beam during transport from the Booster Synchrotron to the Storage Ring at the Australian Synchrotron, a stripline Beam Position Monitor (BPM) has been designed, fabricated and installed in-house. The design was based on an existing stripline in the Booster and modified for the transfer line with a particular emphasis on ensuring the line impedance is properly matched to the detector system. The initial bench tests of a prototype stripline showed that the fabrication of the four individual striplines in the BPM was made precisely, each with a measured standing wave ratio (SWR) of 1.8 at 500 MHz. Further optimization for impedance matching will be done for new stripline BPMs. The linearity and gain factor was measured with the detector system. The detector system that digitizes the signals is an Instrumentation Technologies Brilliance Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span> [1]. The results show an error of 1 mm at an offset (from the electrical centre) of 10 mm when a linear gain factor is assumed and an RMS noise of ~150 um that decreases to < 10 um with increasing signal intensity. The results were under our requirements for the transport line. The commissioning results of the stripline will also be presented showing a strong signal for an electron beam with an estimated integrated charge of ~50 nC with a position stability of 28 um (horizontal) and 75 um (vertical).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820061426&hterms=spectral+filter&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dspectral%2Bfilter','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820061426&hterms=spectral+filter&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dspectral%2Bfilter"><span>Simulator spectral characterization using balloon calibrated solar cells with narrow band <span class="hlt">pass</span> filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Goodelle, G. S.; Brooks, G. R.; Seaman, C. H.</p> <p>1981-01-01</p> <p>The development and implementation of an instrument for spectral measurement of solar simulators for testing solar cell characteristics is reported. The device was constructed for detecting changes in solar simulator behavior and for comparing simulator spectral irradiance to solar AM0 output. It consists of a standard solar cell equipped with a band <span class="hlt">pass</span> filter narrow enough so that, when flown on a balloon to sufficient altitude along with sufficient numbers of cells, each equipped with filters of different bandpass <span class="hlt">ratings</span>, the entire spectral response of the standard cell can be determined. Measured short circuit currents from the balloon flights thus produce cell devices which, when exposed to solar simulator light, have a current which does or does not respond as observed under actual AM0 conditions. Improvements of the filtered cells in terms of finer bandpass filter tuning and measurement of temperature coefficients are indicated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1295405-miniature-low-pass-filter-low-loss-ltcc','SCIGOV-DOEP'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1295405-miniature-low-pass-filter-low-loss-ltcc"><span>Miniature low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter in low-loss 9k7 LTCC</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/pages">DOE PAGES</a></p> <p>Dai, Steve Xunhu; Hsieh, Lung -Hwa</p> <p>2015-09-30</p> <p>DuPont 9k7 low-temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) is a low-loss, or high-quality-factor Q, tape system targeting at radio frequency (RF) applications. This paper reports on the effect of a critical process parameter, the heating <span class="hlt">rate</span>, on the densification and dielectric properties of the 9k7 LTCC. The role of competing densification and crystallization during the sintering of 9k7 is discussed. The high Q of DuPont 9K7 can be used to improve RF system performance, for example a better receiver noise figure, by designing embedded passive RF components such as inductors, capacitors and filters. Furthermore, miniaturized multilayer low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters (LPF) with a widemore » stopband were fabricated to showcase the technology.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29784756','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29784756"><span>Clinical Features of Children With Autism Who <span class="hlt">Passed</span> 18-Month Screening.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Øien, Roald A; Schjølberg, Synnve; Volkmar, Fred R; Shic, Frederick; Cicchetti, Domenic V; Nordahl-Hansen, Anders; Stenberg, Nina; Hornig, Mady; Havdahl, Alexandra; Øyen, Anne-Siri; Ventola, Pamela; Susser, Ezra S; Eisemann, Martin R; Chawarska, Katarzyna</p> <p>2018-06-01</p> <p>We compared sex-stratified developmental and temperamental profiles at 18 months in children screening negative for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) but later receiving diagnoses of ASD (false-negative group) versus those without later ASD diagnoses (true-negative group). We included 68 197 screen-negative cases from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (49.1% girls). Children were screened by using the 6 critical items of the M-CHAT at 18 months. Groups were compared on domains of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire and the Emotionality Activity Sociability Temperament Survey. Despite <span class="hlt">passing</span> M-CHAT screening at 18 months, children in the false-negative group exhibited delays in social, communication, and motor skills compared with the true-negative group. Differences were more pronounced in girls. However, with regard to shyness, boys in the false-negative group were <span class="hlt">rated</span> as more shy than their true-negative counterparts, but girls in the false-negative group were <span class="hlt">rated</span> as less shy than their counterparts in the true-negative group. This is the first study to reveal that children who <span class="hlt">pass</span> M-CHAT screening at 18 months and are later diagnosed with ASD exhibit delays in core social and communication areas as well as fine motor skills at 18 months. Differences appeared to be more pronounced in girls. With these findings, we underscore the need to enhance the understanding of early markers of ASD in boys and girls, as well as factors affecting parental report on early delays and abnormalities, to improve the sensitivity of screening instruments. Copyright © 2018 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1440631','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1440631"><span>FY2017 ILAW Glass Corrosion Testing with the Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Flow-Through Method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Neeway, James J.; Asmussen, Robert M.; Cordova, Elsa</p> <p></p> <p>The inventory of immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW) produced at the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) will be disposed of at the near-surface, on-site Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). When groundwater comes into contact with the waste form, the glass will corrode and radionuclides will be released into the near-field environment. Because the release of the radionuclides is dependent on the dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span> of the glass, it is important that the performance assessment (PA) model accounts for the dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span> of the glass as a function of various conditions. To accomplish this, an IDF PA glass dissolution model basedmore » on Transition State Theory (TST) can be employed. The model is able to account for changes in temperature, exposed surface area, and pH of the contacting solution as well as the effect of silicon solution concentrations, specifically the activity of orthosilicic acid (H4SiO4), whose concentration is directly linked to the glass dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span>. In addition, the IDF PA model accounts for the ion exchange process. The effect of temperature, pH, H4SiO4 activity, and the <span class="hlt">rate</span> of ion exchange can be parameterized and implemented directly into the PA <span class="hlt">rate</span> model. The <span class="hlt">rate</span> model parameters are derived from laboratory tests with the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> flow-through (SPFT) method. The provided data can be used by glass researchers to further the understanding of ILAW glass behavior, by IDF PA modelers to use the <span class="hlt">rate</span> model parameters in PA modeling efforts, and by Department of Energy (DOE) contractors and decision makers as they assess the IDF PA program.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1389288-theoretical-interpretation-pass-fermi-lat-data','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1389288-theoretical-interpretation-pass-fermi-lat-data"><span>Theoretical Interpretation of <span class="hlt">Pass</span> 8 Fermi -LAT e + + e - Data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Di Mauro, M.; Manconi, S.; Vittino, A.</p> <p></p> <p>The flux of positrons and electrons (e + + e -) has been measured by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) in the energy range between 7 GeV and 2 TeV. Here, we discuss a number of interpretations of <span class="hlt">Pass</span> 8 Fermi-LAT e + + e - spectrum, combining electron and positron emission from supernova remnants (SNRs) and pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe), or produced by the collision of cosmic rays (CRs) with the interstellar medium. We also found that the Fermi-LAT spectrum is compatible with the sum of electrons from a smooth SNR population, positrons from cataloged PWNe, and amore » secondary component. If we include in our analysis constraints from the AMS-02 positron spectrum, we obtain a slightly worse fit to the e + + e - Fermi-LAT spectrum, depending on the propagation model. As an additional scenario, we replace the smooth SNR component within 0.7 kpc with the individual sources found in Green's catalog of Galactic SNRs. We find that separate consideration of far and near sources helps to reproduce the e + + e - Fermi-LAT spectrum. However, we show that the fit degrades when the radio constraints on the positron emission from Vela SNR (which is the main contributor at high energies) are taken into account. We find that a break in the power-law injection spectrum at about 100 GeV can also reproduce the measured e + + e -spectrum and, among the CR propagation models that we consider, no reasonable break of the power-law dependence of the diffusion coefficient can modify the electron flux enough to reproduce the observed shape.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1389288-theoretical-interpretation-pass-fermi-lat-data','SCIGOV-DOEP'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/pages/biblio/1389288-theoretical-interpretation-pass-fermi-lat-data"><span>Theoretical Interpretation of <span class="hlt">Pass</span> 8 Fermi -LAT e + + e - Data</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/pages">DOE PAGES</a></p> <p>Di Mauro, M.; Manconi, S.; Vittino, A.; ...</p> <p>2017-08-17</p> <p>The flux of positrons and electrons (e + + e -) has been measured by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) in the energy range between 7 GeV and 2 TeV. Here, we discuss a number of interpretations of <span class="hlt">Pass</span> 8 Fermi-LAT e + + e - spectrum, combining electron and positron emission from supernova remnants (SNRs) and pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe), or produced by the collision of cosmic rays (CRs) with the interstellar medium. We also found that the Fermi-LAT spectrum is compatible with the sum of electrons from a smooth SNR population, positrons from cataloged PWNe, and amore » secondary component. If we include in our analysis constraints from the AMS-02 positron spectrum, we obtain a slightly worse fit to the e + + e - Fermi-LAT spectrum, depending on the propagation model. As an additional scenario, we replace the smooth SNR component within 0.7 kpc with the individual sources found in Green's catalog of Galactic SNRs. We find that separate consideration of far and near sources helps to reproduce the e + + e - Fermi-LAT spectrum. However, we show that the fit degrades when the radio constraints on the positron emission from Vela SNR (which is the main contributor at high energies) are taken into account. We find that a break in the power-law injection spectrum at about 100 GeV can also reproduce the measured e + + e -spectrum and, among the CR propagation models that we consider, no reasonable break of the power-law dependence of the diffusion coefficient can modify the electron flux enough to reproduce the observed shape.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410972','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410972"><span>Establishment of a PID <span class="hlt">Pass</span>/Fail Test for Crystalline Silicon Modules by Examining Field Performance for Five Years: Preprint</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Hacke, Peter L</p> <p></p> <p>In an experiment with five module designs and multiple replicas, it is found that crystalline silicon cell modules that can <span class="hlt">pass</span> a criterion of less than 5 percent power degradation in stress test conditions of 60 degrees Celsius, 85 percent relative humidity (RH), 96 h, and nameplate-<span class="hlt">rated</span> system voltage bias show no power degradation by potential induced degradation in the range of 4-6 years duration in the Florida, USA environment. This data suggests that this chamber stress level is useful as a <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail criterion for PID, and will help ensure against degradation by system voltage stress in Florida, or lessmore » stressful climates, for at least 5 years.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26874293','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26874293"><span>Risk appraisal of <span class="hlt">passing</span> zones on two-lane rural highways and policy applications.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mwesige, Godfrey; Farah, Haneen; Koutsopoulos, Haris N</p> <p>2016-05-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Passing</span> on two-lane rural highways is associated with risks of head-on collision resulting from unsafe completion of <span class="hlt">passing</span> maneuvers in the opposite traffic lane. In this paper, we explore the use of time-to-collision (TTC) as a surrogate safety measure of the risk associated with <span class="hlt">passing</span> maneuvers. Logistic regression models to predict the probability to end the <span class="hlt">passing</span> maneuver with TTC less than 2 or 3s-threshold were developed with the time-gap from initiation of the maneuver to arrival of the opposite vehicle (effective accepted gap), and the <span class="hlt">passing</span> duration as explanatory variables. The data used for model estimation was collected using stationary tripod-mounted camcorders at 19 <span class="hlt">passing</span> zones in Uganda. Results showed that <span class="hlt">passing</span> maneuvers completed with TTC less than 3s are unsafe and often involved sudden speed reduction, flashing headlights, and lateral shift to shoulders. Model sensitivity analysis was conducted for observed <span class="hlt">passing</span> durations involving passenger cars or short trucks (2-3 axles), and long trucks (4-7 axles) as the <span class="hlt">passed</span> vehicles for 3s TTC-threshold. Three risk levels were proposed based on the probability to complete <span class="hlt">passing</span> maneuvers with TTC less than 3s for a range of opposite direction traffic volumes. Applications of the results for safety improvements of two-lane rural highways are also discussed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28884577','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28884577"><span>Uranium Release from Acidic Weathered Hanford Sediments: Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Flow-Through and Column Experiments.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wang, Guohui; Um, Wooyong; Wang, Zheming; Reinoso-Maset, Estela; Washton, Nancy M; Mueller, Karl T; Perdrial, Nicolas; O'Day, Peggy A; Chorover, Jon</p> <p>2017-10-03</p> <p>The reaction of acidic radioactive waste with sediments can induce mineral transformation reactions that, in turn, control contaminant fate. Here, sediment weathering by synthetic uranium-containing acid solutions was investigated using bench-scale experiments to simulate waste disposal conditions at Hanford's cribs (Hanford, WA). During acid weathering, the presence of phosphate exerted a strong influence over uranium mineralogy and a rapidly precipitated, crystalline uranium phosphate phase (meta-ankoleite [K(UO 2 )(PO 4 )·3H 2 O]) was identified using spectroscopic and diffraction-based techniques. In phosphate-free system, uranium oxyhydroxide minerals such as K-compreignacite [K 2 (UO 2 ) 6 O 4 (OH) 6 ·7H 2 O] were formed. Single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> flow-through (SPFT) and column leaching experiments using synthetic Hanford pore water showed that uranium precipitated as meta-ankoleite during acid weathering was strongly retained in the sediments, with an average release <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 2.67 × 10 -12 mol g -1 s -1 . In the absence of phosphate, uranium release was controlled by dissolution of uranium oxyhydroxide (compreignacite-type) mineral with a release <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 1.05-2.42 × 10 -10 mol g -1 s -1 . The uranium mineralogy and release <span class="hlt">rates</span> determined for both systems in this study support the development of accurate U-release models for the prediction of contaminant transport. These results suggest that phosphate minerals may be a good candidate for uranium remediation approaches at contaminated sites.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2014-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2014-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf"><span>7 CFR 4279.231 - Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. 4279.231 Section 4279.231 Agriculture... Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. The provisions found in § 4279.125 apply to loans guaranteed under this subpart, except as provided in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section. Lenders are encouraged to <span class="hlt">pass</span> interest-<span class="hlt">rate</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2013-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2013-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf"><span>7 CFR 4279.231 - Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. 4279.231 Section 4279.231 Agriculture... Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. The provisions found in § 4279.125 apply to loans guaranteed under this subpart, except as provided in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section. Lenders are encouraged to <span class="hlt">pass</span> interest-<span class="hlt">rate</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2012-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title7-vol15/pdf/CFR-2012-title7-vol15-sec4279-231.pdf"><span>7 CFR 4279.231 - Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. 4279.231 Section 4279.231 Agriculture... Interest <span class="hlt">rates</span>. The provisions found in § 4279.125 apply to loans guaranteed under this subpart, except as provided in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section. Lenders are encouraged to <span class="hlt">pass</span> interest-<span class="hlt">rate</span>...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MMTA...47.2804V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MMTA...47.2804V"><span>Creep Deformation and Rupture Behavior of Single- and Dual-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> 316LN Stainless-Steel-Activated TIG Weld Joints</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Vijayanand, V. D.; Vasudevan, M.; Ganesan, V.; Parameswaran, P.; Laha, K.; Bhaduri, A. K.</p> <p>2016-06-01</p> <p>Creep deformation and rupture behavior of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> and dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> 316LN stainless steel (SS) weld joints fabricated by an autogenous activated tungsten inert gas welding process have been assessed by performing metallography, hardness, and conventional and impression creep tests. The fusion zone of the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint consisted of columnar zones adjacent to base metals with a central equiaxed zone, which have been modified extensively by the thermal cycle of the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> in the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint. The equiaxed zone in the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint, as well as in the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint, displayed the lowest hardness in the joints. In the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint, the equiaxed zone of the first <span class="hlt">pass</span> had hardness comparable to the columnar zone. The hardness variations in the joints influenced the creep deformation. The equiaxed and columnar zone in the first <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint was more creep resistant than that of the second <span class="hlt">pass</span>. Both joints possessed lower creep rupture life than the base metal. However, the creep rupture life of the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint was about twofolds more than that of the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint. Creep failure in the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint occurred in the central equiaxed fusion zone, whereas creep cavitation that originated in the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> was blocked at the weld <span class="hlt">pass</span> interface. The additional interface and strength variation between two <span class="hlt">passes</span> in the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint provides more restraint to creep deformation and crack propagation in the fusion zone, resulting in an increase in the creep rupture life of the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint over the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint. Furthermore, the differences in content, morphology, and distribution of delta ferrite in the fusion zone of the joints favors more creep cavitation resistance in the dual-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint over the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> joint with the enhancement of creep rupture life.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_21 --> <div id="page_22" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="421"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001125&hterms=510&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3D510','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001125&hterms=510&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3D510"><span>HUBBLE PHOTOGRAPHS WARPED GALAXY AS CAMERA <span class="hlt">PASSES</span> MILESTONE</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p> observations of ESO 510-G13, WFPC2 <span class="hlt">passed</span> the milestone of taking its 100,000th image since its installation in the telescope by shuttle astronauts in 1993. Image Credit: NASA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Acknowledgment: C. Conselice (U. Wisconsin/STScI)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20110016767','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20110016767"><span>Whispering-Gallery-Mode Tunable Narrow-Band-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Filter</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Savchenkov, Anatoliy; Iltchenko, Vladimir; Matsko, Andrey; Maleki, Lute</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>An experimental tunable, narrow-band-<span class="hlt">pass</span> electro-optical filter is based on a whispering-gallery resonator. This device is a prototype of tunable filters needed for the further development of reconfigurable networking wavelength-division multiplexers and communication systems that utilize radio-frequency (more specifically, microwave) subcarrier signals on optical carrier signals. The characteristics of whispering-gallery resonators that make them attractive for such applications include high tuning speed, compactness, wide tuning range, low power consumption, and compatibility with single-mode optical fibers. In addition, relative to Fabry-Perot resonators, these devices offer advantages of greater robustness and lower cost. As described in several prior NASA Tech Briefs articles, a whispering-gallery resonator is a spheroidal, disk-like, or toroidal body made of a highly transparent material. It is so named because it is designed to exploit whispering-gallery electromagnetic modes, which are waveguide modes that propagate circumferentially and are concentrated in a narrow toroidal region centered on the equatorial plane and located near the outermost edge. The experimental whispering-gallery tunable filter (see figure) is made from a disk of Z-cut LiNbO3 of 4.8-mm diameter and 0.17-mm thickness. The perimeter of the disk is rounded to a radius of curvature of 100 m. Metal coats on the flat faces of the disk serve as electrodes for exploiting the electro-optical effect in LiNbO3 for tuning. There is no metal coat on the rounded perimeter region, where the whispering-gallery modes propagate. Light is coupled from an input optical fiber into the whispering-gallery modes by means of a diamond prism. Another diamond prism is used to couple light from the whispering-gallery modes to an output optical fiber. This device is designed and operated to exploit transverse magnetic (TM) whispering- gallery modes, rather than transverse electric (TE) modes because the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080012676','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080012676"><span>Orbit Determination of LEO Satellites for a Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span> through a Radar: Comparison of Methods</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Khutorovsky, Z.; Kamensky, S.; Sbytov, N.; Alfriend, K. T.</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p> data close to real time even for modern computers. Preliminary "compression" of data for one <span class="hlt">pass</span> through the field of view of a sensor can significantly reduce the requirements to computers and data communication. This compression will occur when all the single measurements of the sensor are replaced by the orbit determined on their basis. The single measurement here means the radar parameters (range, azimuth, elevation, and in some cases range <span class="hlt">rate</span>) measured by a single pulse.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026197','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70026197"><span>Assessing the efficacy of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> backpack electrofishing to characterize fish community structure</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Meador, M.R.; McIntyre, J.P.; Pollock, K.H.</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>Two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> backpack electrofishing data collected as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment Program were analyzed to assess the efficacy of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> backpack electrofishing. A two-capture removal model was used to estimate, within 10 river basins across the United States, proportional fish species richness from one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> electrofishing and probabilities of detection for individual fish species. Mean estimated species richness from first-<span class="hlt">pass</span> sampling (ps1) ranged from 80.7% to 100% of estimated total species richness for each river basin, based on at least seven samples per basin. However, ps1 values for individual sites ranged from 40% to 100% of estimated total species richness. Additional species unique to the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> were collected in 50.3% of the samples. Of these, cyprinids and centrarchids were collected most frequently. Proportional fish species richness estimated for the first <span class="hlt">pass</span> increased significantly with decreasing stream width for 1 of the 10 river basins. When used to calculate probabilities of detection of individual fish species, the removal model failed 48% of the time because the number of individuals of a species was greater in the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> than in the first <span class="hlt">pass</span>. Single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> backpack electrofishing data alone may make it difficult to determine whether characterized fish community structure data are real or spurious. The two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> removal model can be used to assess the effectiveness of sampling species richness with a single electrofishing <span class="hlt">pass</span>. However, the two-<span class="hlt">pass</span> removal model may have limited utility to determine probabilities of detection of individual species and, thus, limit the ability to assess the effectiveness of single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> sampling to characterize species relative abundances. Multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span> (at least three <span class="hlt">passes</span>) backpack electrofishing at a large number of sites may not be cost-effective as part of a standardized sampling protocol for large-geographic-scale studies. However, multiple-<span class="hlt">pass</span></p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/27838','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/27838"><span>Energy savings from transit <span class="hlt">passes</span> : an evaluation of the University at Buffalo NFTA transit <span class="hlt">pass</span> program for students, faculty, and staff.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-04-01</p> <p>The University Transportation Research Center Region 2 supported a study entitled Connections Beyond Campus: An Evaluation of the Niagara Frontier Transportation : Authority University at Buffalo Transit <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Program. Unlimited Access t...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MMI....16..413J','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MMI....16..413J"><span>Three-dimensional flow characteristics of aluminum alloy in multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> equal channel angular pressing</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Jin, Young-Gwan; Son, Il-Heon; Im, Yong-Taek</p> <p>2010-06-01</p> <p>Experiments with a square specimen made of commercially pure aluminum alloy (AA1050) were conducted to investigate deformation behaviour during a multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) for routes A, Bc, and C up to four <span class="hlt">passes</span>. Three-dimensional finite element numerical simulations of the multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> ECAP were carried out in order to evaluate the influence of processing routes and number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> on local flow behaviour by applying a simplified saturation model of flow stress under an isothermal condition. Simulation results were investigated by comparing them with the experimentally measured data in terms of load variations and microhardness distributions. Also, transmission electron microscopy analysis was employed to investigate the microstructural changes. The present work clearly shows that the three-dimensional flow characteristics of the deformed specimen were dependent on the strain path changes due to the processing routes and number of <span class="hlt">passes</span> that occurred during the multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> ECAP.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MS%26E..131a2013M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MS%26E..131a2013M"><span>Attitudinal Factors Affecting Viral Advertising <span class="hlt">Pass</span>-On Behaviour of Online Consumers in Food Industry</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mohd Salleh, Nurhidayah; Ariff, Mohd Shoki Md; Zakuan, Norhayati; Sulaiman, Zuraidah; Zameri Mat Saman, Muhamad</p> <p>2016-05-01</p> <p>The increase number of active users of social media, especially Facebook, stimulates viral advertising behaviour among them, thus attracting e-marketers to focus on viral advertising in promoting their products. In global market, use of Facebook platform indicated that food services/restaurant of food industry is ranked number 11 with 18.8% users’ response <span class="hlt">rate</span> within the platform. This development calls for e-marketers in Malaysia to use Facebook as their viral advertising channel. Attitudinal factors affecting the viral advertising <span class="hlt">pass</span>-on behaviour (VAPB) especially among members of social media is of interest to many researchers. The typical attitudinal factors used were attitude toward social media (ATSM), attitude toward advertising in social media (AASM) and attitude toward advertising in general (AAIG). Attitude toward advertised brand (ATAB) is important in fast food industry because users of social media tend to share their experience about tastes and features of the food. However, ATAB is less emphasized in the conceptual model between attitudinal factors and VAPB. These four factors of consumer attitude served as independent variables in the conceptual model of this study and their effect on viral advertising <span class="hlt">pass</span>-on behaviour among members of Domino's Pizza Malaysia Facebook page was examined. Online survey using a set of questionnaire which was sent to the members of this group via private message was employed. A total of 254 sets of usable questionnaires were collected from the respondents. All the attitudinal factors, except for AASM, were found to have positive and significant effect on VAPB. AAIG exerted the strongest effect on VAPB. Therefore, e-marketers should emphasize on developing a favourable attitude toward advertising in general among members of a social media to get them involve in viral advertising. In addition, instilling a favourable attitude towards advertised brand is also vital as it influences the members to viral the brand</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1136605-simulating-blade-strike-fish-passing-through-marine-hydrokinetic-turbines','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1136605-simulating-blade-strike-fish-passing-through-marine-hydrokinetic-turbines"><span>Simulating Blade-Strike on Fish <span class="hlt">passing</span> through Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Romero Gomez, Pedro DJ; Richmond, Marshall C.</p> <p>2014-06-16</p> <p>The study reported here evaluated the occurrence, frequency, and intensity of blade strike of fish on an axial-flow marine hydrokinetic turbine by using two modeling approaches: a conventional kinematic formulation and a proposed Lagrangian particle- based scheme. The kinematic model included simplifying assumptions of fish trajectories such as distribution and velocity. The proposed method overcame the need for such simplifications by integrating the following components into a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model: (i) advanced eddy-resolving flow simulation, (ii) generation of ambient turbulence based on field data, (iii) moving turbine blades in highly transient flows, and (iv) Lagrangian particles to mimicmore » the potential fish pathways. The test conditions to evaluate the blade-strike probability and fish survival <span class="hlt">rate</span> were: (i) the turbulent environment, (ii) the fish size, and (iii) the approaching flow velocity. The proposed method offered the ability to produce potential fish trajectories and their interaction with the rotating turbine. Depending upon the scenario, the percentile of particles that registered a collision event ranged from 6% to 19% of the released sample size. Next, by using a set of experimental correlations of the exposure-response of living fish colliding with moving blades, the simulated collision data were used as input variables to estimate the survival <span class="hlt">rate</span> of fish <span class="hlt">passing</span> through the operating turbine. The resulting survival <span class="hlt">rates</span> were greater than 96% in all scenarios, which is comparable to or better than known survival <span class="hlt">rates</span> for conventional hydropower turbines. The figures of strike probability and mortality <span class="hlt">rate</span> were amplified by the kinematic model. The proposed method offered the advantage of expanding the evaluation of other mechanisms of stress and injury on fish derived from hydrokinetic turbines and related devices.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=vr&pg=5&id=EJ1049358','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=vr&pg=5&id=EJ1049358"><span>Too Disabled to Work: A Crossroad Once Thought <span class="hlt">Passed</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Cimera, Robert Evert; Burgess, Sloane; Novak, Jeanne; Avellone, Lauren</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This study examined the <span class="hlt">rate</span> at which applicants to Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) were denied services because their disabilities were "too severe." It found that, from 2002 to 2012, 1.7% of all VR applicants throughout the United States were denied services because of the nature of their impairments. In addition, over this period, the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5666423','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=5666423"><span>Algal Foams Applied in Fixed-Bed Process for Lead(II) Removal Using Recirculation or One-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Modes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Wang, Shengye; Vincent, Thierry; Faur, Catherine; Guibal, Eric</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>The incorporation of brown algae into biopolymer beads or foams for metal sorption has been previously reported. However, the direct use of these biomasses for preparing foams is a new approach. In this study, two kinds of porous foams were prepared by ionotropic gelation using algal biomass (AB, Laminaria digitata) or alginate (as the reference) and applied for Pb(II) sorption. These foams (manufactured as macroporous discs) were packed in filtration holders (simulating fixed-bed column) and the system was operated in either a recirculation or a one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> mode. Sorption isotherms, uptake kinetics and sorbent reuse were studied in the recirculation mode (analogous to batch system). In the one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> mode (continuous fixed-bed system), the influence of parameters such as flow <span class="hlt">rate</span>, feed metal concentration and bed height were investigated on both sorption and desorption. In addition, the effect of Cu(II) on Pb(II) recovery from binary solutions was also studied in terms of both sorption and desorption. Sorption isotherms are well fitted by the Langmuir equation while the pseudo-second order <span class="hlt">rate</span> equation described well both sorption and desorption kinetic profiles. The study of material regeneration confirms that the reuse of the foams was feasible with a small mass loss, even after 9 cycles. In the one-<span class="hlt">pass</span> mode, for alginate foams, a slower flow <span class="hlt">rate</span> led to a smaller saturation volume, while the effect of flow <span class="hlt">rate</span> was less marked for AB foams. Competitive study suggests that the foams have a preference for Pb(II) over Cu(II) but cannot selectively remove Pb(II) from the binary solution. PMID:29039806</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/929350-evaluation-dynamic-passing-sight-distance-problem-using-finite-element-model','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/929350-evaluation-dynamic-passing-sight-distance-problem-using-finite-element-model"><span>Evaluation of Dynamic <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Sight Distance Problem Using a Finite Element Model</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Yan, Xuedong; Radwan, Essam; Zhang, Fan</p> <p>2008-06-01</p> <p>Sufficient <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance is an important control for two-lane rural highway design to minimize the possibility of a head-on collision between <span class="hlt">passing</span> and opposing vehicles. Traditionally, <span class="hlt">passing</span> zones are marked by checking <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance that is potentially restricted by static sight obstructions. Such obstructions include crest curves, overpasses, and lateral objects along highways. This paper proposes a new concept of dynamic sight-distance assessment, which involves restricted <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distances due to the impeding vehicles that are traveling in the same direction. Using a finite-element model, the dynamic <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight-distance problem was evaluated, and the writers analyzed the relationshipsmore » between the available <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance and other factors such as the horizontal curve radius, impeding vehicle dimensions, and a driver s following distance. It was found that the impeding vehicles may cause substantially insufficient <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distances, which may lead to potential traffic safety problems. It is worthwhile to expand on this safety issue and consider the dynamic <span class="hlt">passing</span> sight distance in highway design.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940012587','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19940012587"><span>Intel NX to PVM 3.2 message <span class="hlt">passing</span> conversion library</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Arthur, Trey; Nelson, Michael L.</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>NASA Langley Research Center has developed a library that allows Intel NX message <span class="hlt">passing</span> codes to be executed under the more popular and widely supported Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) message <span class="hlt">passing</span> library. PVM was developed at Oak Ridge National Labs and has become the defacto standard for message <span class="hlt">passing</span>. This library will allow the many programs that were developed on the Intel iPSC/860 or Intel Paragon in a Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) design to be ported to the numerous architectures that PVM (version 3.2) supports. Also, the library adds global operations capability to PVM. A familiarity with Intel NX and PVM message <span class="hlt">passing</span> is assumed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22379524','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22379524"><span>Numerical Versus <span class="hlt">Pass</span>/Fail Scoring on the USMLE: What Do Medical Students and Residents Want and Why?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lewis, Catherine E; Hiatt, Jonathan R; Wilkerson, Luann; Tillou, Areti; Parker, Neil H; Hines, O Joe</p> <p>2011-03-01</p> <p>Although the primary purpose of the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) is assessment for licensure, USMLE scores often are used for other purposes, more prominently resident selection. The Committee to Evaluate the USMLE Program currently is considering a number of substantial changes, including conversion to <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring. A survey was administered to third-year (MS3) and fourth-year (MS4) medical students and residents at a single institution to evaluate opinions regarding <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring on the USMLE. Response <span class="hlt">rate</span> was 59% (n  =  732 of 1249). Reported score distribution for Step 1 was 30% for <220, 38% for 220-240, and 32% for >240, with no difference between MS3s, MS4s, and residents (P  =  .89). Score distribution for Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) was similar. Only 26% of respondents agreed that Step 1 should be <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail; 38% agreed with <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring for Step 2 CK. Numerical scoring on Step 1 was preferred by respondents who: (1) agreed that the examination gave an accurate estimate of knowledge (odds ratio [OR], 4.23; confidence interval [CI], 2.41-7.43; P < .001); (2) scored >240 (OR, 4.0; CI, 1.92-8.33; P < .001); and (3) felt that acquisition of knowledge might decrease if the examination were <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail (OR, 10.15; CI, 3.32-31.02; P < .001). For Step 2 CK, numerical scoring was preferred by respondents who: (1) believed they gained a large amount of knowledge preparing for the examination (OR, 2.63; CI, 1.52-4.76; P < .001); (2) scored >240 (OR, 4.76; CI, 2.86-8.33; P < .001); (3) felt that the amount of knowledge acquired might decrease if it were <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail (OR, 28.16; CI, 7.31-108.43; P < .001); and (4) believed their Step 2 CK score was important when applying for residency (OR, 2.37; CI, 1.47-3.84; P < .001). Students and residents prefer the ongoing use of numerical scoring because they believe that scores are important in residency selection, that residency applicants are advantaged by examination scores, and that scores</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3186267','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3186267"><span>Numerical Versus <span class="hlt">Pass</span>/Fail Scoring on the USMLE: What Do Medical Students and Residents Want and Why?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lewis, Catherine E; Hiatt, Jonathan R; Wilkerson, LuAnn; Tillou, Areti; Parker, Neil H; Hines, O. Joe</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>Background Although the primary purpose of the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) is assessment for licensure, USMLE scores often are used for other purposes, more prominently resident selection. The Committee to Evaluate the USMLE Program currently is considering a number of substantial changes, including conversion to <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring. Methods A survey was administered to third-year (MS3) and fourth-year (MS4) medical students and residents at a single institution to evaluate opinions regarding <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring on the USMLE. Results Response <span class="hlt">rate</span> was 59% (n  =  732 of 1249). Reported score distribution for Step 1 was 30% for <220, 38% for 220–240, and 32% for >240, with no difference between MS3s, MS4s, and residents (P  =  .89). Score distribution for Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) was similar. Only 26% of respondents agreed that Step 1 should be <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail; 38% agreed with <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail scoring for Step 2 CK. Numerical scoring on Step 1 was preferred by respondents who: (1) agreed that the examination gave an accurate estimate of knowledge (odds ratio [OR], 4.23; confidence interval [CI], 2.41–7.43; P < .001); (2) scored >240 (OR, 4.0; CI, 1.92–8.33; P < .001); and (3) felt that acquisition of knowledge might decrease if the examination were <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail (OR, 10.15; CI, 3.32–31.02; P < .001). For Step 2 CK, numerical scoring was preferred by respondents who: (1) believed they gained a large amount of knowledge preparing for the examination (OR, 2.63; CI, 1.52–4.76; P < .001); (2) scored >240 (OR, 4.76; CI, 2.86–8.33; P < .001); (3) felt that the amount of knowledge acquired might decrease if it were <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail (OR, 28.16; CI, 7.31–108.43; P < .001); and (4) believed their Step 2 CK score was important when applying for residency (OR, 2.37; CI, 1.47–3.84; P < .001). Conclusions Students and residents prefer the ongoing use of numerical scoring because they believe that scores are important in residency selection, that residency applicants</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1365447','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1365447"><span>FY2016 ILAW Glass Corrosion Testing with the Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Flow-Through Method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Neeway, James J.; Asmussen, Robert M.; Parruzot, Benjamin PG</p> <p></p> <p>The inventory of immobilized low-activity waste (ILAW) produced at the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) will be disposed of at the near-surface, on-site Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). When groundwater comes into contact with the waste form, the glass will corrode and radionuclides will be released into the near-field environment. Because the release of the radionuclides is dependent on the dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span> of the glass, it is important that the performance assessment (PA) model accounts for the dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span> of the glass as a function of various chemical conditions. To accomplish this, an IDF PA model based onmore » Transition State Theory (TST) can be employed. The model is able to account for changes in temperature, exposed surface area, and pH of the contacting solution as well as the effect of silicon concentrations in solution, specifically the activity of orthosilicic acid (H4SiO4), whose concentration is directly linked to the glass dissolution <span class="hlt">rate</span>. In addition, the IDF PA model accounts for the alkali-ion exchange process as sodium is leached from the glass and into solution. The effect of temperature, pH, H4SiO4 activity, and the <span class="hlt">rate</span> of ion-exchange can be parameterized and implemented directly into the PA <span class="hlt">rate</span> law model. The <span class="hlt">rate</span> law parameters are derived from laboratory tests with the single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> flow-through (SPFT) method. To date, <span class="hlt">rate</span> law parameters have been determined for seven ILAW glass compositions, thus additional <span class="hlt">rate</span> law parameters on a wider range of compositions will supplement the existing body of data for PA maintenance activities. The data provided in this report can be used by ILAW glass scientists to further the understanding of ILAW glass behavior, by IDF PA modelers to use the <span class="hlt">rate</span> law parameters in PA modeling efforts, and by Department of Energy (DOE) contractors and decision makers as they assess the IDF PA program.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhDT.......206L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhDT.......206L"><span>Rotor cascade shape optimization with unsteady <span class="hlt">passing</span> wakes using implicit dual time stepping method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Lee, Eun Seok</p> <p>2000-10-01</p> <p>An improved aerodynamics performance of a turbine cascade shape can be achieved by an understanding of the flow-field associated with the stator-rotor interaction. In this research, an axial gas turbine airfoil cascade shape is optimized for improved aerodynamic performance by using an unsteady Navier-Stokes solver and a parallel genetic algorithm. The objective of the research is twofold: (1) to develop a computational fluid dynamics code having faster convergence <span class="hlt">rate</span> and unsteady flow simulation capabilities, and (2) to optimize a turbine airfoil cascade shape with unsteady <span class="hlt">passing</span> wakes for improved aerodynamic performance. The computer code solves the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations. It is based on the explicit, finite difference, Runge-Kutta time marching scheme and the Diagonalized Alternating Direction Implicit (DADI) scheme, with the Baldwin-Lomax algebraic and k-epsilon turbulence modeling. Improvements in the code focused on the cascade shape design capability, convergence acceleration and unsteady formulation. First, the inverse shape design method was implemented in the code to provide the design capability, where a surface transpiration concept was employed as an inverse technique to modify the geometry satisfying the user specified pressure distribution on the airfoil surface. Second, an approximation storage multigrid method was implemented as an acceleration technique. Third, the preconditioning method was adopted to speed up the convergence <span class="hlt">rate</span> in solving the low Mach number flows. Finally, the implicit dual time stepping method was incorporated in order to simulate the unsteady flow-fields. For the unsteady code validation, the Stokes's 2nd problem and the Poiseuille flow were chosen and compared with the computed results and analytic solutions. To test the code's ability to capture the natural unsteady flow phenomena, vortex shedding past a cylinder and the shock oscillation over a bicircular airfoil were simulated and compared with</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27386386','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27386386"><span>Computing symmetrical strength of N-grams: a two <span class="hlt">pass</span> filtering approach in automatic classification of text documents.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Agnihotri, Deepak; Verma, Kesari; Tripathi, Priyanka</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>The contiguous sequences of the terms (N-grams) in the documents are symmetrically distributed among different classes. The symmetrical distribution of the N-Grams raises uncertainty in the belongings of the N-Grams towards the class. In this paper, we focused on the selection of most discriminating N-Grams by reducing the effects of symmetrical distribution. In this context, a new text feature selection method named as the symmetrical strength of the N-Grams (SSNG) is proposed using a two <span class="hlt">pass</span> filtering based feature selection (TPF) approach. Initially, in the first <span class="hlt">pass</span> of the TPF, the SSNG method chooses various informative N-Grams from the entire extracted N-Grams of the corpus. Subsequently, in the second <span class="hlt">pass</span> the well-known Chi Square (χ(2)) method is being used to select few most informative N-Grams. Further, to classify the documents the two standard classifiers Multinomial Naive Bayes and Linear Support Vector Machine have been applied on the ten standard text data sets. In most of the datasets, the experimental results state the performance and success <span class="hlt">rate</span> of SSNG method using TPF approach is superior to the state-of-the-art methods viz. Mutual Information, Information Gain, Odds Ratio, Discriminating Feature Selection and χ(2).</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1130689-sluiceway-operations-pass-juvenile-salmonids-dalles-dam-columbia-river-usa','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1130689-sluiceway-operations-pass-juvenile-salmonids-dalles-dam-columbia-river-usa"><span>Sluiceway Operations to <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Juvenile Salmonids at The Dalles Dam, Columbia River, USA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Johnson, Gary E.; Khan, Fenton; Skalski, J. R.</p> <p></p> <p>Existing ice and trash sluiceways are commonly used to <span class="hlt">pass</span> juvenile salmonids downstream at hydropower dams through a benign, non-turbine route. At The Dalles Dam on the Columbia River, managers undertook optimizing operations of sluiceway weirs to maximize survival of juvenile salmonids at the powerhouse. We applied fixed-location hydroacoustic methods to compare fish passage <span class="hlt">rates</span> and sluiceway efficiencies for two weir configurations during 2004 and 2005: three weirs versus six weirs, located at the mid- versus east powerhouse, respectively. We also analyzed horizontal distributions of passage at the sluiceway and turbines and the effects of operating turbines beneath open sluicewaymore » gates to provide supporting data relevant to operations optimization. Based on the findings, we recommend the following for long-term operations for the sluiceway at The Dalles Dam: open six rather than three sluiceway weirs to take advantage of the maximum hydraulic capacity of the sluiceway; open the three weirs above the western-most operating main turbine unit (MU) and the three weirs at MU 8 where turbine passage <span class="hlt">rates</span> are relatively high; operate the turbine units below open sluiceway weirs as a standard procedure; operate the sluiceway 24 h/d year-round to maximize its benefits to juvenile salmonids; and use the same operations for spring and summer emigrants. These operational concepts are transferable to dams where sluiceway surface flow outlets are used protect downstream migrating fishes.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=quantitative+AND+research+AND+nursing&pg=7&id=ED520512','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=quantitative+AND+research+AND+nursing&pg=7&id=ED520512"><span>Predictors of Success on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses among Transfer BSN Students</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Fortier, Mary E.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This quantitative research study (N=175) examined predictors of first time success on the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>) among transfer students in a baccalaureate degree program (BSN). The predictors were chosen after an extensive literature review yielded few studies related to this population. Benner's…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=anatomy+AND+physiology&pg=7&id=ED523476','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=anatomy+AND+physiology&pg=7&id=ED523476"><span>A Revised Admissions Standard for One Community College Nursing Program</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lown, Maris A.</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Predicting success on the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> is of paramount importance to nursing programs as they are held accountable for this outcome by accrediting agencies and by boards of nursing. This action research study examined the relationship between the NET admission test, anatomy and physiology grades, grade point average (GPA) on admission to the program…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_22 --> <div id="page_23" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="441"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Descriptive+AND+correlational&pg=6&id=ED567555','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Descriptive+AND+correlational&pg=6&id=ED567555"><span>Computerized Testing of Level III Associate Degree Nursing Students versus Paper and Pencil Testing Methods</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gullo, Shirna R.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Computerized testing may be one solution to enhance performance on the curricular Health Education Systems Inc. (HESI) exam and the National Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurses (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>). Due to the integration of improved technological processes and procedures in healthcare for computerized documentation and electronicmedical records,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Descriptive+AND+correlational&pg=3&id=ED575563','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Descriptive+AND+correlational&pg=3&id=ED575563"><span>Content Mastery Exams: An Option to Replace Faculty-Generated Final Exams</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Martin, Deanna K.</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Determining the most effective means of assessing content mastery as well as preparedness for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>) is a task of all pre-licensure nursing faculty. The records of 331 diploma nursing students were reviewed for this retrospective, descriptive, correlational study that examines…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=correlational+AND+study+AND+quantitative&pg=4&id=ED576289','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=correlational+AND+study+AND+quantitative&pg=4&id=ED576289"><span>A Multiple Case Study of Associate Degree Nursing Student Experiences on NCLEXRN Preparation</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Joseph, Soosannamma</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>A major challenge in the nursing education system is to assist nursing students to be successful in the program and on the National Council of Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>). Nursing schools have a critical responsibility for contributing to the nation's need for more qualified nurses in order to reduce the impact of the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Quantitative+AND+Comparative&pg=4&id=ED570840','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Quantitative+AND+Comparative&pg=4&id=ED570840"><span>Nursing Distance Learning Course Comparison of Assignments and Examination Scores</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mundine, Jennifer</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Nursing programs have embraced distance learning in their curricula, but discussion is ongoing about course assignments and grading criteria to increase examination scores in nursing distance learning courses. Because course examinations are a predictor of success on the postgraduate licensing examination (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>), the purpose of this study was…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nursing&pg=3&id=ED570006','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nursing&pg=3&id=ED570006"><span>Predicting National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses Performance</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Whitehead, Charles D.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>The Baccalaureate Nursing program in San Antonio, Texas experienced a decrease in National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (<span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span>) on the first attempt for students graduating between 2009 and 2014 without a clear explanation for the decline. The purpose of this quantitative non-experimental correlational study was to…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nursing+AND+expanding+AND+profession&id=ED580066','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nursing+AND+expanding+AND+profession&id=ED580066"><span>Associate Degree Nursing Graduates Perceptions of NCLEX Performance</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Pulito, Judy</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>There has been a shortage of registered nurses in the United States for more than a decade, and an aging population is increasing this problem. This study was prompted by the number of associate degree nursing graduates at a Midwestern community college failing the <span class="hlt">NCLEX-RN</span> licensure exam, which is required for employment. The purpose of this…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24957220','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24957220"><span>Alcohol tax <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through across the product and price range: do retailers treat cheap alcohol differently?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ally, Abdallah K; Meng, Yang; Chakraborty, Ratula; Dobson, Paul W; Seaton, Jonathan S; Holmes, John; Angus, Colin; Guo, Yelan; Hill-McManus, Daniel; Brennan, Alan; Meier, Petra S</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>Effective use of alcohol duty to reduce consumption and harm depends partly on retailers <span class="hlt">passing</span> duty increases on to consumers via price increases, also known as '<span class="hlt">pass</span>-through'. The aim of this analysis is to provide evidence of UK excise duty and sales tax (VAT) <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through <span class="hlt">rates</span> for alcohol products at different price points. March 2008 to August 2011, United Kingdom. Panel data quantile regression estimating the effects of three duty changes, two VAT changes and one combined duty and VAT change on UK alcohol prices, using product-level supermarket price data for 254 alcohol products available weekly. Products were analysed in four categories: beers, ciders/ready to drink (RTDs), spirits and wines. Within all four categories there exists considerable heterogeneity in the level of duty <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through for cheaper versus expensive products. Price increases for the cheapest 15% of products fall below duty rises (undershifting), while products sold above the median price are overshifted (price increases are higher than duty increases). The level of undershifting is greatest for beer [0.85 (0.79, 0.92)] and spirits [0.86 (0.83, 0.89)]. Undershifting affects approximately 67% of total beer sales and 38% of total spirits sales. Alcohol retailers in the United Kingdom appear to respond to increases in alcohol tax by undershifting their cheaper products (raising prices below the level of the tax increase) and overshifting their more expensive products (raising prices beyond the level of the tax increase). This is likely to impact negatively on tax policy effectiveness, because high-risk groups favour cheaper alcohol and undershifting is likely to produce smaller consumption reductions. © 2014 Society for the Study of Addiction.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27834043','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27834043"><span>Psychometric Properties of an Arabic Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20) in Healthy Volunteers and Patients Attending a Physiotherapy Clinic.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Tashani, Osama A; AlAbas, Oras A; Kabil, Raafat A M; Johnson, Mark I</p> <p>2017-06-01</p> <p>The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 questionnaire for use in Libya. Participants were 71 patients (42 women) attending the physiotherapy clinic, Ibn Sina Hospital, Sirt, Libya for management of persistent pain and 137 healthy unpaid undergraduate students (52 women) from the University of Sirt, Libya. The English <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 was translated into Arabic. Patients completed the Arabic <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 and the Arabic Pain <span class="hlt">Rating</span> Scales on two occasions separated by a 14-day interval. Healthy participants completed the Arabic <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 on one occasion. The internal consistency (ICC) for pain patient and healthy participant samples yielded a good reliability for the total score, cognitive anxiety, fear of pain, and physiological anxiety. The test-retest reliability of the Arabic <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 score showed high reliability for the total score (ICC = 0.93, p < 0.001), escape/avoidance (ICC = 0.93, p < 0.001), fear of pain (ICC = 0.94, p < 0.001), and physiological anxiety subscales (ICC = 0.96, p < 0.001) and good reliability for the cognitive anxiety (ICC = 0.85, p < 0.001). Inspection of the Promax rotation showed that each factor comprised of five items were consistent with the theoretical constructs of the original <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 subscales. The Arabic <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-20 retained internal consistency and reliability with the original English version and can be used to measure pain anxiety symptoms in both pain and healthy individual samples in Libya.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2010-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf"><span>42 CFR 419.64 - Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and biologicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p>... biologicals. 419.64 Section 419.64 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF... biologicals. (a) Eligibility for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment. CMS makes a transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment for the following drugs and biologicals that are furnished as part of an outpatient hospital service: (1) Orphan...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2011-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf"><span>42 CFR 419.64 - Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and biologicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-10-01</p> <p>... biologicals. 419.64 Section 419.64 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF... biologicals. (a) Eligibility for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment. CMS makes a transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment for the following drugs and biologicals that are furnished as part of an outpatient hospital service: (1) Orphan...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=fb&pg=3&id=EJ881110','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=fb&pg=3&id=EJ881110"><span>Older Children's Misunderstanding of Uncertain Belief after <span class="hlt">Passing</span> the False Belief Test</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Zhang, Ting; Zheng, Xueru; Zhang, Li; Sha, Wenju; Deak, Gedeon; Li, Hong</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>A four-location belief task was designed to examine children's understanding of another's uncertain belief after <span class="hlt">passing</span> a false belief (FB) task. In Experiment 1, after <span class="hlt">passing</span> the FB task, participants were asked what a puppet would do after he failed to find his toy at the falsely believed location. Most 4-year-olds and half of 6-year-olds…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Formative+AND+assessment+AND+design+AND+instructional+AND+systems&pg=5&id=EJ795113','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Formative+AND+assessment+AND+design+AND+instructional+AND+systems&pg=5&id=EJ795113"><span>Use of Online Assessment to Enhance Teaching and Learning: The <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-IT Project</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Ashton, Helen; Wood, Christine</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>This article describes a recent collaborative project (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>-IT) which investigated the use of online assessment in secondary education in Scotland. The aim of <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-IT was to explore the potential of formative and summative assessment in secondary education, and to build on previous research into the applicability and validity of online…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.6 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking. 310.6 Section 310.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF.... Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking shall be marked conspicuously on the surface tissues thereof by a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.6 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking. 310.6 Section 310.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF.... Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking shall be marked conspicuously on the surface tissues thereof by a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.6 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking. 310.6 Section 310.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF.... Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking shall be marked conspicuously on the surface tissues thereof by a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title9-vol2-sec310-6.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.6 - Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking; marking. 310.6 Section 310.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF.... Carcasses and parts <span class="hlt">passed</span> for cooking shall be marked conspicuously on the surface tissues thereof by a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=law+AND+animals&pg=6&id=EJ561818','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=law+AND+animals&pg=6&id=EJ561818"><span>Finding Your Way in the Legislation Maze: How To <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Legislation in Your State.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gross, Steve</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>Offers tips for developing and <span class="hlt">passing</span> legislation that would protect animals. Recommends being an authority on the issue, researching current laws, recognizing support groups and lobbyists, and knowing key legislative players. Contains a description of laws <span class="hlt">passed</span> in the state of Illinois. (PVD)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1055162.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1055162.pdf"><span>South Africa?s Increased Matriculation <span class="hlt">Passes</span>: What Skunks behind the Rose?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Monyooe, Lebusa; Tjatji, Martin; Mosese, Eulenda</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This article argues that the exponential increases in the Grade 12 (Matriculation) <span class="hlt">passes</span> post 1994 do not necessarily translate to quality because of the low performance norms and standards set for <span class="hlt">passing</span> Grade 12. It further calls for a serious reflection and interrogation of existing policies on performance, benchmarks, teacher education…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nemesis&pg=2&id=EJ288937','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=nemesis&pg=2&id=EJ288937"><span>The Grading Nemesis: An Historical Overview and a Current Look at <span class="hlt">Pass</span>/Fail Grading.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Weller, L. David</p> <p>1983-01-01</p> <p>A brief history of grading practices at American colleges and universities is given, along with results of a survey of the current uses of <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail grading. The <span class="hlt">pass</span>/fail system is widely used for a limited number of elective courses. Its adoption peaked during the mid-1970s. (PP)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004165','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20080004165"><span>Catalytic reactor for promoting a chemical reaction on a fluid <span class="hlt">passing</span> therethrough</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Roychoudhury, Subir (Inventor); Pfefferle, William C. (Inventor)</p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>A catalytic reactor with an auxiliary heating structure for raising the temperature of a fluid <span class="hlt">passing</span> therethrough whereby the catalytic reaction is promoted. The invention is a apparatus employing multiple electrical heating elements electrically isolated from one another by insulators that are an integral part of the flow path. The invention provides step heating of a fluid as the fluid <span class="hlt">passes</span> through the reactor.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_23 --> <div id="page_24" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="461"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=social+AND+behaviour+AND+culture&pg=4&id=EJ919954','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=social+AND+behaviour+AND+culture&pg=4&id=EJ919954"><span>Medical Educators' Social Acts of Explaining <span class="hlt">Passing</span> Underperformance in Students: A Qualitative Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Monrouxe, Lynn V.; Rees, Charlotte E.; Lewis, Natalie J.; Cleland, Jennifer A.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Passing</span> underperformance in students is ubiquitous across health and social care educators and is intimately related to the subsequent welfare of patients: underperforming students may become underperforming practitioners. This paper aims to examine how medical educators construct <span class="hlt">passing</span> underperformance through an analysis of their social act of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-27/pdf/2013-06984.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-27/pdf/2013-06984.pdf"><span>78 FR 18480 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Chef Menteur <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, at Lake Catherine, LA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-03-27</p> <p>... Operation Regulations; Chef Menteur <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, at Lake Catherine, LA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of..., mile 2.8, at Lake Catherine, Orleans Parish, Louisiana. The deviation is necessary to ensure the safety.... Highway 90 swing bridge crossing the Chef Menteur <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, mile 2.8, at Lake Catherine, Orleans, Parish...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec310-8.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title9-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title9-vol2-sec310-8.pdf"><span>9 CFR 310.8 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> and marking of carcasses and parts.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> and marking of carcasses and parts. 310.8 Section 310.8 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POST-MORTEM INSPECTION § 310.8 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> and marking of carcasses and parts...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA471889','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA471889"><span>Wave and Beach Processes Modeling for Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span> to Galveston Bay, Texas, Shoreline Erosion Feasibility Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2007-08-01</p> <p>local wind field , led to the development of an appropriate alternative procedure which produced GENESIS results in agreement with observations...River field site wave data. ........................................................................................................53 Table 17...been abandoned since 1989 due to shoreline erosion. From east to west, the inlets in the study area include Sabine <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Rollover <span class="hlt">Pass</span> near the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-08-19/pdf/2013-20129.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-08-19/pdf/2013-20129.pdf"><span>78 FR 50405 - Amended Application for Presidential Permit; Northern <span class="hlt">Pass</span> Transmission LLC</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-08-19</p> <p>... project would adversely affect the operation of the U.S. electric power supply system under normal and... proposed project. Northern <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is wholly owned by NU Transmission Ventures, Inc., a wholly-owned..., that would meet the needs of the Project.'' On July 1, 2013, Northern <span class="hlt">Pass</span> submitted an amended...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/34608','DOTNTL'); return false;" href="https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/34608"><span>The aerodynamic effects of <span class="hlt">passing</span> trains to surrounding objects and people</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntlsearch.bts.gov/tris/index.do">DOT National Transportation Integrated Search</a></p> <p></p> <p>2009-04-01</p> <p>Two safety issues are raised on the aerodynamic effects of a <span class="hlt">passing</span> train on its surroundings. First, a high-speed train <span class="hlt">passing</span> other trains on an adjacent track exerts aerodynamic pressure that can affect the structural integrity of window mount a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf"><span>14 CFR 399.82 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by... Relating to Enforcement § 399.82 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers. (a... points served by both carriers should preserve the identity of the individual carriers; (5) Where joint...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Writing+AND+competencies+AND+high+AND+school&pg=5&id=EJ744576','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Writing+AND+competencies+AND+high+AND+school&pg=5&id=EJ744576"><span>Students with Specific Learning Disabilities Can <span class="hlt">Pass</span> State Competency Exams: Systematic Strategy Instruction Makes a Difference</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Barry, Leasha M.; Moore, William E., IV</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) are required to <span class="hlt">pass</span> the same competency exams as students enrolled in general education in order to graduate to new grade levels and to earn a high school diploma. In this study, the authors taught students with SLD a self-directed organizational strategy designed to assist them in <span class="hlt">passing</span> the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Silence+AND+communication&pg=4&id=EJ1074364','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Silence+AND+communication&pg=4&id=EJ1074364"><span>Using Silence to "<span class="hlt">Pass</span>": Embodiment and Interactional Categorization in a Diasporic Context</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wagner, Lauren</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>This article posits that "<span class="hlt">passing</span>" is a manipulation of ambiguously embodied characteristics, linguistic practice, and ratification by other speakers. I explore discourses and practices of "<span class="hlt">passing</span>" by post-migrant generation, diasporically-resident Moroccans who seek to be unmarked by migration when bargaining in Moroccan…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Educational+AND+Data+AND+Mining&pg=4&id=ED578433','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=Educational+AND+Data+AND+Mining&pg=4&id=ED578433"><span>Making the Grade: How Learner Engagement Changes after <span class="hlt">Passing</span> a Course</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lang, David; Kindel, Alex; Domingue, Ben; Paepcke, Andreas</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Understanding how individuals interact with a course after receiving a <span class="hlt">passing</span> grade could have important implications for course design. If individuals become disengaged after <span class="hlt">passing</span> a class, then this may raise questions about optimal ordering of content, course difficulty, and grade transparency. Using a person fixed effects model, we analyze…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf"><span>14 CFR 61.35 - Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span>....35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades. (a) An applicant for a knowledge test must have... the applicant accomplished the appropriate ground-training or a home-study course required by this...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol2-sec61-35.pdf"><span>14 CFR 61.35 - Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span>....35 Knowledge test: Prerequisites and <span class="hlt">passing</span> grades. (a) An applicant for a knowledge test must have... the applicant accomplished the appropriate ground-training or a home-study course required by this...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2014-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf"><span>42 CFR 419.64 - Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and biologicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-10-01</p> <p>..., 2000. (2) Cancer therapy drugs and biologicals. A drug or biological that is used in cancer therapy... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and...-through payments: Drugs and biologicals. (a) Eligibility for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment. CMS makes a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2012-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf"><span>42 CFR 419.64 - Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and biologicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>..., 2000. (2) Cancer therapy drugs and biologicals. A drug or biological that is used in cancer therapy... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and...-through payments: Drugs and biologicals. (a) Eligibility for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment. CMS makes a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2013-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title42-vol3/pdf/CFR-2013-title42-vol3-sec419-64.pdf"><span>42 CFR 419.64 - Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and biologicals.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>..., 2000. (2) Cancer therapy drugs and biologicals. A drug or biological that is used in cancer therapy... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transitional <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payments: Drugs and...-through payments: Drugs and biologicals. (a) Eligibility for <span class="hlt">pass</span>-through payment. CMS makes a...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810010447','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19810010447"><span>Modification of the flow <span class="hlt">pass</span> method as applied to problems of chemistry of planet atmospheres</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Parshev, V. A.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>It was shown that the modified flow <span class="hlt">pass</span> method possesses considerable effectiveness, both in the case when the coefficient of diffusion changes severely in the examined region and in the case when diffusion is the prevalent process, as compared with chemical reactions. The case when a regular <span class="hlt">pass</span> proves inapplicable, or applicable in a limited interval of the decisive parameters, was examined.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-04-06/pdf/2012-8311.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-04-06/pdf/2012-8311.pdf"><span>77 FR 20719 - Safety Zone; Matlacha Bridge Construction, Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Matlacha, FL</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-04-06</p> <p>...-AA00 Safety Zone; Matlacha Bridge Construction, Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Matlacha, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... waters of Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> in the vicinity of the Matlacha Bridge in Matlacha, Florida. The safety zone will be enforced during construction of the Matlacha Bridge from Monday, March 12, 2012 through Tuesday...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-12/pdf/2012-403.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-12/pdf/2012-403.pdf"><span>77 FR 1870 - Safety Zone; Matlacha Bridge Construction, Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Matlacha, FL</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-12</p> <p>...-AA00 Safety Zone; Matlacha Bridge Construction, Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Matlacha, FL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS... waters of Matlacha <span class="hlt">Pass</span> in the vicinity of the Matlacha Bridge in Matlacha, Florida. The safety zone will be enforced during construction of the Matlacha Bridge from Thursday, December 15, 2011 until Sunday...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf"><span>14 CFR 399.82 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by... Relating to Enforcement § 399.82 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers. (a... points served by both carriers should preserve the identity of the individual carriers; (5) Where joint...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf"><span>14 CFR 399.82 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by... Relating to Enforcement § 399.82 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers. (a... points served by both carriers should preserve the identity of the individual carriers; (5) Where joint...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_24 --> <div id="page_25" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="481"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2012-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf"><span>14 CFR 399.82 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by... Relating to Enforcement § 399.82 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers. (a... points served by both carriers should preserve the identity of the individual carriers; (5) Where joint...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol4/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol4-sec399-82.pdf"><span>14 CFR 399.82 - <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by... Relating to Enforcement § 399.82 <span class="hlt">Passing</span> off of carrier identity by affiliation between carriers. (a... points served by both carriers should preserve the identity of the individual carriers; (5) Where joint...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA592918','DTIC-ST'); return false;" href="http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA592918"><span>Personal Academic Strategies for Success (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) Tool Administrator’s User Manual</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.dtic.mil/">DTIC Science & Technology</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Personal Academic Strategies for Success (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) Tool Administrator’s User Manual by Jim H. Hewson, Valerie J. Rice, and Petra Alfred ARL...SR-275 December 2013 Personal Academic Strategies for Success (<span class="hlt">PASS</span>) Tool Administrator’s User Manual Jim H. Hewson Career Management...Associates ( CMA ) Valerie J. Rice and Petra Alfred Human Research and Engineering Directorate, ARL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://eric.ed.gov/?q=tax+AND+planning&pg=2&id=EJ807486','ERIC'); return false;" href="https://eric.ed.gov/?q=tax+AND+planning&pg=2&id=EJ807486"><span>Try, Try, Again: A Two-Step Strategy for <span class="hlt">Passing</span> School Levies</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Johnson, Paul A.</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Passing</span> property tax issues is an increasing challenge for many school districts. This article examines 21 school levy strategies identified through a literature review associated with successful school levy campaigns. These strategies were then used as a framework to evaluate one district's attempts to <span class="hlt">pass</span> a school bond levy. Whereas the study…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70020036','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70020036"><span>Massive sediment bypassing on the lower shoreface offshore of a wide tidal inlet: Cat Island <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Louisiana</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Jaffe, B.E.; List, J.H.; Sallenger, A.H.</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>Analysis of a series of historical bathymetric and shoreline surveys along the Louisiana coast west of the Mississippi River mouth detected a large area of deposition in water depths of 2.0–8.5 m offshore of a 9-km-wide tidal inlet, the Cat Island <span class="hlt">Pass</span>/Wine Island <span class="hlt">Pass</span> system. A 59.9 · 106 m3 sandy deposit formed from the 1930s–1980s, spanning 27 km in the alongshore direction, delineating the transport pathway for sediment bypassing offshore of the inlet on the shoreface. Bypassing connected the shorefaces of two barrier island systems, the Isles Dernieres and the Bayou Lafourche.The processes responsible for formation of this deposit are not well understood, but sediment-transport modeling suggests that sediment is transported primarily by wind-driven coastal currents during large storms and hurricanes. Deposition appears to be related to changes in shoreline orientation, closing of transport pathways into a large bay to the east and the presence of tidal inlets. This newly documented type of bypassing, an offshore bypassing of the inlet system, naturally nourished the immediate downdrift area, the eastern Isles Dernieres, where shoreface and shoreline erosion <span class="hlt">rates</span> are about half of pre-bypassing <span class="hlt">rates</span>. Erosion <span class="hlt">rates</span> remained the same farther downdrift, where bypassing has not yet reached. As this offshore bypassing continues, the destruction of the Isles Dernieres will be slowed.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2938948','PMC'); return false;" href="https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2938948"><span>BEHAVIORAL COACHING TO IMPROVE OFFENSIVE LINE <span class="hlt">PASS</span>-BLOCKING SKILLS OF HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL ATHLETES</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Stokes, John V; Luiselli, James K; Reed, Derek D; Fleming, Richard K</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>We evaluated several behavioral coaching procedures for improving offensive line <span class="hlt">pass</span>-blocking skills with 5 high school varsity football players. <span class="hlt">Pass</span> blocking was measured during practice drills and games, and our intervention included descriptive feedback with and without video feedback and teaching with acoustical guidance (TAG). Intervention components and <span class="hlt">pass</span> blocking were evaluated in a multiple baseline design, which showed that video feedback and TAG were the most effective procedures. For all players, improved <span class="hlt">pass</span> blocking matched a standard derived by observing more experienced linemen and was evident in games. Additional intervention was required to maintain <span class="hlt">pass</span>-blocking proficiency. Issues pertinent to behavioral coaching and sport psychology research are discussed. PMID:21358905</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70194335','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70194335"><span>A swath across the great divide: Kelp forests across the Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span> biogeographic break</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Konar, Brenda H.; Edwards, Matthew S.; Bland, Aaron; Metzger, Jacob; Ravelo, Alexandra; Traiger, Sarah; Weitzman, Ben P.</p> <p>2017-01-01</p> <p>Biogeographic breaks are often described as locations where a large number of species reach their geographic range limits. Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, in the eastern Aleutian Archipelago, is a known biogeographic break for the spatial distribution of several species of offshore-pelagic communities, including numerous species of cold-water corals, zooplankton, fish, marine mammals, and seabirds. However, it remains unclear whether Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span> also serves as a biogeographic break for nearshore benthic communities. The occurrence of biogeographic breaks across multiple habitats has not often been described. In this study, we examined if the biogeographic break for offshore-pelagic communities applies to nearshore kelp forests. To examine whether Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span> serves as a biogeographic break for kelp forest communities, this study compared abundance, biomass and percent bottom cover of species associated with kelp forests on either side of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. We observed marked differences in kelp forest community structure, with some species reaching their geographic range limits on the opposing sides of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. In particular, the habitat-forming kelp Nereocystis luetkeana, and the predatory sea stars Pycnopodia helianthoides and Orthasterias koehleri all occurred on the eastern side of Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span> but were not observed west of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. In contrast, the sea star Leptasterias camtschatica dispar was observed only on the western side of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. We also observed differences in overall abundance and biomass of numerous associated fish, invertebrate and macroalgal species on opposing sides of the <span class="hlt">pass</span>. We conclude that Samalga <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is important biogeographic break for kelp forest communities in the Aleutian Archipelago and may demark the geographic range limits of several ecologically important species.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1406774-uranium-release-from-acidic-weathered-hanford-sediments-single-pass-flow-through-column-experiments','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1406774-uranium-release-from-acidic-weathered-hanford-sediments-single-pass-flow-through-column-experiments"><span>Uranium Release from Acidic Weathered Hanford Sediments: Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Flow-Through and Column Experiments</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Wang, Guohui; Um, Wooyong; Wang, Zheming</p> <p></p> <p>The reaction of acidic radioactive waste with sediments can induce mineral transformation reactions that, in turn, control contaminant fate. Here, sediment weathering by synthetic uranium-containing acid solutions was investigated using bench-scale experiments to simulate waste disposal conditions at Hanford’s cribs, USA. During acid weathering, the presence of phosphate exerted a strong influence over uranium mineralogy and a rapidly precipitated, crystalline uranium phosphate phase (meta-ankoleite [K(UO2)(PO4)·3H2O]) was identified using spectroscopic and diffraction-based techniques. In phosphate-free system, uranium oxyhydroxide minerals such as K-compreignacite [K2(UO2)6O4(OH)6·7H2O] were formed. Single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> flow-through (SPFT) and column leaching experiments using synthetic Hanford pore water showed that uranium precipitatedmore » as meta-ankoleite during acid weathering was strongly retained in the sediments, with an average release <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 2.67E-12 mol g-1 s-1. In the absence of phosphate, uranium release was controlled by dissolution of uranium oxyhydroxide (compreignacite-type) mineral with a release <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 1.05-2.42E-10 mol g-1 s-1. The uranium mineralogy and release <span class="hlt">rates</span> determined for both systems in this study support the development of accurate U-release models for prediction of contaminant transport. These results suggest that phosphate minerals may be a good candidate for uranium remediation approaches at contaminated sites.« less</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24311390','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24311390"><span><span class="hlt">Pass</span> the popcorn: "obesogenic" behaviors and stigma in children's movies.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Throop, Elizabeth M; Skinner, Asheley Cockrell; Perrin, Andrew J; Steiner, Michael J; Odulana, Adebowale; Perrin, Eliana M</p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>To determine the prevalence of obesity-related behaviors and attitudes in children's movies. A mixed-methods study of the top-grossing G- and PG-<span class="hlt">rated</span> movies, 2006-2010 (4 per year) was performed. For each 10-min movie segment, the following were assessed: 1) prevalence of key nutrition and physical activity behaviors corresponding to the American Academy of Pediatrics obesity prevention recommendations for families; 2) prevalence of weight stigma; 3) assessment as healthy, unhealthy, or neutral; 3) free-text interpretations of stigma. Agreement between coders was >85% (Cohen's kappa = 0.7), good for binary responses. Segments with food depicted: exaggerated portion size (26%); unhealthy snacks (51%); sugar-sweetened beverages (19%). Screen time was also prevalent (40% of movies showed television; 35% computer; 20% video games). Unhealthy segments outnumbered healthy segments 2:1. Most (70%) of the movies included weight-related stigmatizing content (e.g., "That fat butt! Flabby arms! And this ridiculous belly!"). These popular children's movies had significant "obesogenic" content, and most contained weight-based stigma. They present a mixed message to children, promoting unhealthy behaviors while stigmatizing the behaviors' possible effects. Further research is needed to determine the effects of such messages on children. Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29666918','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29666918"><span>Procedure-specific assessment tool for flexible pharyngo-laryngoscopy: gathering validity evidence and setting <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail standards.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Melchiors, Jacob; Petersen, K; Todsen, T; Bohr, A; Konge, Lars; von Buchwald, Christian</p> <p>2018-06-01</p> <p> comparable to other studies exploring clinical assessment tools. The high <span class="hlt">rate</span> of physicians underperforming in the intermediary group demonstrates the need for continued educational intervention. Based on our work, we recommend the use of the FLEXPAT in clinical assessment of FPL and the application of a <span class="hlt">pass</span>-fail level of 72% for proficiency.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25993803','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25993803"><span>[Study on intestinal absorption features of oligosaccharides in Morinda officinalis How. with sigle-<span class="hlt">pass</span> perfusion].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Deng, Shao-Dong; Zhang, Peng; Lin, Li; Xiao, Feng-Xia; Lin, Jing-Ran</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>To study the in situ intestinal absorption of five oligosaccharides contained in Morinda officinalis How. (sucrose, kestose, nystose, 1F-Fructofuranosyinystose and Bajijiasu). The absorption of the five oligosaccharides in small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and colon of rats and their contents were investigated by using in situ single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> perfusion model and HPLC-ELSD. The effects of drug concentration, pH in perfusate and P-glycoprotein inhibitor on the intestinal absorption were investigated to define the intestinal absorption mechanism of the five oligosaccharides in rats. According to the results, all of the five oligosaccharides were absorbed in the whole intestine, and their absorption <span class="hlt">rates</span> were affected by the pH of the perfusion solution, drug concentration and intestinal segments. Verapamil Hydrochloride could significantly increase the absorptive amount of sucrose and Bajijiasu, suggesting sucrose and Bajijiasu are P-gp's substrate. The five oligosaccharides are absorbed mainly through passive diffusion in the intestinal segments, without saturated absorption. They are absorbed well in all intestines and mainly in duodenum and jejunum.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70033967','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70033967"><span>Ascent of neotropical migratory fish in the Itaipu Reservoir fish <span class="hlt">pass</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Makrakis, S.; Miranda, L.E.; Gomes, L.C.; Makrakis, M.C.; Junior, H.M.F.</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>The Piracema Canal is a complex 10-km fish <span class="hlt">pass</span> system that climbs 120m to connect the Paran?? River to the Itaipu Reservoir along the Brazil-Paraguay border. The canal was constructed to allow migratory fishes to reach suitable habitats for reproduction and feeding in tributaries upstream from the reservoir. The Piracema Canal attracted 17 of the 19 long-distance migratory species that have been recorded in the Paran?? River Basin and Paraguay-Paran?? Basin. However, the incidence of migratory fish decreased from downstream to upstream, with the pattern of decrease depending on species. Overall, 0.5% of the migratory fish that entered the Piracema Canal and segment 1, eventually were able to reach segment 5 and potentially Itaipu Reservoir. Ascension <span class="hlt">rate</span> was examined relative to various physical attributes of canal segments; maximum water velocity emerged as the most influential variable affecting fish passage. Water velocity may be manipulated by controlling water discharge, and by re-engineering critical sections of the canal. Because the Itaipu Reservoir flooded a set of falls that separated two distinct biogeographical regions, facilitating fish movements through the Piracema Canal into the Itaipu Reservoir presents a management dilemma that requires deliberation in the context of the fish assemblages rather than on selected migratory species. ?? 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018ApPhA.124..217K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018ApPhA.124..217K"><span>Heat accumulation between scans during multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> cutting of carbon fiber reinforced plastics</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kononenko, T. V.; Freitag, C.; Komlenok, M. S.; Weber, R.; Graf, T.; Konov, V. I.</p> <p>2018-02-01</p> <p>Matrix evaporation caused by heat accumulation between scans (HAS) was studied in the case of multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> scanning of a laser beam over the surface of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP). The experiments were performed in two regimes, namely, in the process of CFRP cutting and in the regime of low-fluence irradiation avoiding ablation of carbon fibers. The feature of the ablation-free regime is that all absorbed energy remains in the material as heat, while in the cutting regime the fraction of residual heat is unknown. An analytical model based on two-dimensional (2D) heat flow was applied to predict the critical number of scans, after which the HAS effect causes a distinct growth of the matrix evaporation zone (MEZ). According to the model, the critical number of scans decreases exponentially with increasing laser power, while no dependence on the feed <span class="hlt">rate</span> is expected. It was found that the model fits well to the experimental data obtained in the ablation-free regime where the heat input is well defined and known. In the cutting regime the measured significant reduction of the critical number of scans observed in deep grooves may be attributed to transformation of the heat flow geometry and to an expected increase of the residual heat fraction.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011JEI....20c3012A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011JEI....20c3012A"><span>Reversible wavelet filter banks with side informationless spatially adaptive low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filters</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Abhayaratne, Charith</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>Wavelet transforms that have an adaptive low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter are useful in applications that require the signal singularities, sharp transitions, and image edges to be left intact in the low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> signal. In scalable image coding, the spatial resolution scalability is achieved by reconstructing the low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> signal subband, which corresponds to the desired resolution level, and discarding other high-frequency wavelet subbands. In such applications, it is vital to have low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> subbands that are not affected by smoothing artifacts associated with low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filtering. We present the mathematical framework for achieving 1-D wavelet transforms that have a spatially adaptive low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter (SALP) using the prediction-first lifting scheme. The adaptivity decisions are computed using the wavelet coefficients, and no bookkeeping is required for the perfect reconstruction. Then, 2-D wavelet transforms that have a spatially adaptive low-<span class="hlt">pass</span> filter are designed by extending the 1-D SALP framework. Because the 2-D polyphase decompositions are used in this case, the 2-D adaptivity decisions are made nonseparable as opposed to the separable 2-D realization using 1-D transforms. We present examples using the 2-D 5/3 wavelet transform and their lossless image coding and scalable decoding performances in terms of quality and resolution scalability. The proposed 2-D-SALP scheme results in better performance compared to the existing adaptive update lifting schemes.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015VSD....53.1902W','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015VSD....53.1902W"><span>Investigation of the effects of sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts on the high-speed train</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Wu, Xingwen; Cai, Wubin; Chi, Maoru; Wei, Lai; Shi, Huailong; Zhu, Minhao</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>The sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impact has always been considered negligible in normal conditions, while the experimental data obtained from a High-speed train in a cold weather expressed significant sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts on the axle box, bogie frame and car body. Therefore, in this study, a vertical coupled vehicle/track dynamic model was developed to investigate the sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts and its effects on the dynamic performance of the high-speed train. In the model, the dynamic model of vehicle is established with 10 degrees of freedom. The track model is formulated with two rails supported on the discrete supports through the finite element method. The contact forces between the wheel and rail are estimated using the non-linear Hertz contact theory. The parametric studies are conducted to analyse effects of both the vehicle speeds and the discrete support stiffness on the sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts. The results show that the sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts become extremely significant with the increased support stiffness of track, especially when the frequencies of sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span> impacts approach to the resonance frequencies of wheel/track system. The damping of primary suspension can effectively lower the magnitude of impacts in the resonance speed ranges, but has little effect on other speed ranges. Finally, a more comprehensively coupled vehicle/track dynamic model integrating with a flexible wheel set is developed to discuss the sleeper-<span class="hlt">passing</span>-induced flexible vibration of wheel set.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820049361&hterms=water+Mexico&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dwater%2BMexico','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19820049361&hterms=water+Mexico&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D90%26Ntt%3Dwater%2BMexico"><span>Interpretation of surface-water circulation, Aransas <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Texas, using Landsat imagery</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Finley, R. J.; Baumgardner, R. W., Jr.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>The development of plumes of turbid surface water in the vicinity of Aransas <span class="hlt">Pass</span>, Texas has been analyzed using Landsat imagery. The shape and extent of plumes present in the Gulf of Mexico is dependent on the wind regime and astronomical tide prior to and at the time of satellite overpass. The best developed plumes are evident when brisk northerly winds resuspend bay-bottom muds and flow through Aransas <span class="hlt">Pass</span> is increased by wind stress. Seaward diversion of nearshore waters by the inlet jetties was also observed. A knowledge of surface-water circulation through Aransas <span class="hlt">Pass</span> under various wind conditions is potentially valuable for monitoring suspended and surface pollutants</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20160008885','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20160008885"><span>By-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Diode Temperature Tests of a Solar Array Coupon under Space Thermal Environment Conditions</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Wright, Kenneth H.; Schneider, Todd A.; Vaughn, Jason A.; Hoang, Bao; Wong, Frankie; Wu, Gordon</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>By-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> diodes are a key design feature of solar arrays and system design must be robust against local heating, especially with implementation of larger solar cells. By-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> diode testing was performed to aid thermal model development for use in future array designs that utilize larger cell sizes that result in higher string currents. Testing was performed on a 56-cell Advanced Triple Junction solar array coupon provided by SSL. Test conditions were vacuum with cold array backside using discrete by-<span class="hlt">pass</span> diode current steps of 0.25 A ranging from 0 A to 2.0 A.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26555583','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26555583"><span>Single-<span class="hlt">Pass</span> Microkeratome System for Eye Bank DSAEK Tissue Preparation: Is Stromal Bed Thickness Predictable and Reproducible?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Choulakian, Mazen Y; Li, Jennifer Y; Ramos, Samuel; Mannis, Mark J</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>To evaluate the predictability and reproducibility of stromal bed thickness for single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> donor Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) tissue preparation, using the ML7 Microkeratome Donor Cornea System (Med-logics Inc, Athens, TX). In this retrospective chart review of 256 consecutive corneal tissue preparations for DSAEK surgery, from June 2013 to August 2014, tissue thicknesses were divided into 3 groups, depending on surgeon preference: <91 μm (group A), 90 to 120 μm (group B), and 120 to 160 μm (group C). Precut and postcut data were recorded. Average postcut donor corneal thickness was 114 ± 30 μm (range 60-183 μm), whereas the average in group A was 97 ± 23 μm (range 60-128), in group B was 113 ± 21 μm (range 77-179), and in group C was 134 ± 43 (range 89-183). Average postcut endothelial cell density was very adequate at 3013 ± 250 cells per square millimeter. There were a total of 7 failed procedures from 256 attempts, which represents a <span class="hlt">rate</span> of 2.7%. This <span class="hlt">rate</span> decreases to 1.5% when analyzing the last 200 cuts. The ML7 Microkeratome Donor Cornea System allows for reliable and reproducible DSAEK tissue preparation. Ultrathin DSAEK tissues can be prepared with a single-<span class="hlt">pass</span>. Aiming for a graft thickness between 90 and 120 μm seems to be most reliable.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29583063','PUBMED'); return false;" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29583063"><span>Double <span class="hlt">Pass</span> 595 nm Pulsed Dye Laser Does Not Enhance the Efficacy of Port Wine Stains Compared with Single <span class="hlt">Pass</span>: A Randomized Comparison with Histological Examination.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Yu, Wenxin; Zhu, Jiafang; Wang, Lizhen; Qiu, Yajing; Chen, Yijie; Yang, Xi; Chang, Lei; Ma, Gang; Lin, Xiaoxi</p> <p>2018-03-27</p> <p>To compare the efficacy and safety of double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> pulsed dye laser (DWL) and single-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PDL (SWL) in treating virgin port wine stain (PWS). The increase in the extent of vascular damage attributed to the use of double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> techniques for PWS remains inconclusive. A prospective, side-by-side comparison with a histological study for virgin PWS is still lacking. Twenty-one patients (11 flat PWS, 10 hypertrophic PWS) with untreated PWS underwent 3 treatments at 2-month intervals. Each PWS was divided into three treatment sites: SWL, DWL, and untreated control. Chromametric and visual evaluation of the efficacy and evaluation of side effects were conducted 3 months after final treatment. Biopsies were taken at the treated sites immediately posttreatment. Chromametric and visual evaluation suggested that DWL sites showed no significant improvement compared with SWL (p > 0.05) in treating PWS. The mean depth of photothermal damage to the vessels was limited to a maximum of 0.36-0.41 mm in both SWL and DWL sides. Permanent side effects were not observed in any patients. Double-<span class="hlt">pass</span> PDL does not enhance PWS clearance. To improve the clearance of PWS lesions, either the depth of laser penetration should be increased or greater photothermal damage to vessels should be generated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018HMT....54...69Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018HMT....54...69Z"><span>A numerical study of the supercritical CO2 plate heat exchanger subject to U-type, Z-type, and multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> arrangements</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhu, Chen-Xi; Wang, Chi-Chuan</p> <p>2018-01-01</p> <p>This study proposes a numerical model for plate heat exchanger that is capable of handling supercritical CO2 fluid. The plate heat exchangers under investigation include Z-type (1-<span class="hlt">pass</span>), U-type (1-<span class="hlt">pass</span>), and 1-2 <span class="hlt">pass</span> configurations. The plate spacing is 2.9 mm with a plate thickness of 0.8 mm, and the size of the plate is 600 mm wide and 218 mm in height with 60 degrees chevron angle. The proposed model takes into account the influence of gigantic change of CO2 properties. The simulation is first compared with some existing data for water-to-water plate heat exchangers with good agreements. The flow distribution, pressure drop, and heat transfer performance subject to the supercritical CO2 in plate heat exchangers are then investigated. It is found that the flow velocity increases consecutively from the entrance plate toward the last plate for the Z-type arrangement, and this is applicable for either water side or CO2 side. However, the flow distribution of the U-type arrangement in the water side shows opposite trend. Conversely, the flow distribution for U-type arrangement of CO2 depends on the specific flow ratio (C*). A lower C* like 0.1 may reverse the distribution, i.e. the flow velocity increases moderately alongside the plate channel like Z-type while a large C* of 1 would resemble the typical distribution in water channel. The flow distribution of CO2 side at the first and last plate shows a pronounced drop/surge phenomenon while the channels in water side does not reveal this kind of behavior. The performance of 2-<span class="hlt">pass</span> plate heat exchanger, in terms of heat transfer <span class="hlt">rate</span>, is better than that of 1-<span class="hlt">pass</span> design only when C* is comparatively small (C* < 0.5). Multi-<span class="hlt">pass</span> design is more effective when the dominant thermal resistance falls in the CO2 side.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_25 --> <center> <div class="footer-extlink text-muted"><small>Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. 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