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Sample records for ndcx-ii project commencing

  1. NDCX-II project commencing at LBNL

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Kwan, J

    2009-10-22

    Earlier this year, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy Sciences approved the NDCX-II project, a second-generation Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment. NDCX-II is a collaborative effort of scientists and engineers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), in a formal collaboration known as the Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy Ion Fusion Science (HIFS-VNL). Supported by $11 M of funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, construction at LBNL commenced in July of 2009, with completion anticipated in March of 2012. Applications of this facility will include studies of: the basic physics of the poorly understood 'warm dense matter' regime of temperatures around 1 eV and densities near solid, using uniform, volumetric ion heating of thin foil targets; ion energy coupling into an ablating plasma (such as that which occurs in an inertial fusion target) using beams with time-varying kinetic energy; space-charge-dominated ion beam dynamics; and beam focusing and pulse compression in neutralizing plasma. The machine will complement facilities at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany, but will employ lower ion kinetic energies and commensurately shorter stopping ranges in matter. Much of this research will contribute directly toward the collaboration's ultimate goal of electric power production via heavy-ion beam-driven inertial confinement fusion ('Heavy-Ion Fusion', or HIF). In inertial fusion, a target containing fusion fuel is heated by energetic 'driver' beams, and undergoes a miniature thermonuclear explosion. Currently the largest U.S. research program in inertial confinement is at Livermore's National Ignition Facility (NIF), a multibillion-dollar, stadium-sized laser facility optimized for studying physics issues relevant to nuclear stockpile stewardship. Nonetheless, NIF is expected to establish the fundamental feasibility of

  2. NDCX-II project commencing at LBNL

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Kwan, J

    2009-10-26

    NDCX-II is the second-generation Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment, capable of accelerating and strongly bunching tens of nanoCoulombs of non-relativistic ions, for applications requiring nanosecond-scale pulses with short stopping ranges. As with the existing NDCX-I at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the new machine is based on the technique of neutralized drift compression, whereby a head-to-tail velocity gradient is imparted to the beam, which then shortens as it drifts in a neutralizing plasma that suppresses space-charge forces. The figure shows the layout of the machine, to be sited at LBNL. It will make extensive use of induction cells and other parts from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It will be extensible and reconfigurable; in the configuration that has received the most emphasis, each pulse will deliver 30-50 nC of Li+ ions at 3 MeV into a mm-scale spot onto a thin-foil target. Pulse compression to {approx} 1 ns begins in the accelerator and finishes in the drift compression line; the beam is manipulated using suitably tailored voltage waveforms in the accelerating gaps. NDCX-II employs novel beam dynamics. To use the 200 kV Blumlein pulsed power from ATA (blue cylinders in the figure), the pulse duration must first be reduced from an initial 500 ns to less than 70 ns. This shortening is accomplished in an initial stage of non-neutral drift compression, downstream of the injector and the first few induction cells (note the spaces between induction cells at the left end of the figure). The compression is rapid enough that fewer than ten long-pulse waveform generators are needed, with Blumleins powering the rest of the acceleration. Extensive particle-in-cell simulation studies have enabled an attractive physics design that meets the stringent cost goal. Snapshots from a simulation video are shown in the figure. Studies on a dedicated test stand are characterizing

  3. HIFS VNL Monthly Progress Report Preparation for NDCX-II Project

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, Grant; Kwan, Joe; Barnard, John; Friedman, Alex; Gilson, Erik; Leitner, Matthaeus; Waldron, Will; Bieniosek, Frank

    2009-05-29

    In preparation for the project and for anticipated review in August, the HIFS-VNL hosted an NDCX-II Advisory Meeting at LBNL on May 27, 2009. A number of experts in accelerator physics, engineering, and construction were asked to visit for a full day, listen to presentations on the project, its goals, and its status, and to offer their advice on how best to proceed, what topics needed attention, and what technical options seemed most attractive to them. This was a productive meeting, and the Committee's comments will provide useful guidance.

  4. Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) - II Quarterly Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kwan, J.W.

    2009-10-01

    LBNL has received American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding to construct a new accelerator at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to significantly increase the energy on target, which will allow both the Heavy Ion Fusion (HIF) and Warm Dense Matter (WDM) research communities to explore scientific conditions that have not been available in any other device. For NDCX-II, a new induction linear accelerator (linac) will be constructed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). NDCX-II will produce nano-second long ion beam bunches to hit thin foil targets. The final kinetic energy of the ions arriving at the target varies according to the ion mass. For atomic mass unit of 6 or 7 (Lithium ions), useful kinetic energies range from 1.5 to 5 or more MeV. The expected beam charge in the 1 ns (or shorter) pulse is about 20 nanoCoulombs. The pulse repetition rate will be about once or twice per minute (of course, target considerations will often reduce this rate). Our approach to building the NDCX-II ion accelerator is to make use of the available induction modules and 200 kV pulsers from the retired ATA electron linac at LLNL. Reusing this hardware will maximize the ion energy on target at a minimum cost. Some modification of the cells (e.g., reduce the bore diameter and replace with higher field pulsed solenoids) are needed in order to meet the requirements of this project. The NDCX-II project will include the following tasks: (1) Physics design to determine the required ion current density at the ion source, the injector beam optics, the layout of accelerator cells along the beam line, the voltage waveforms for beam acceleration and compression, the solenoid focusing, the neutralized drift compression and the final focus on target; (2) Engineering design and fabrication of the accelerator components, pulsed power system, diagnostic system, and control and data acquisition system; (3) Conventional facilities; and (4) Installation and integration

  5. Alternate operating scenarios for NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharp, W. M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Lund, S. M.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W. L.

    2014-01-01

    NDCX-II is a newly completed accelerator facility at LBNL, built to study ion-heated warm dense matter, as well as aspects of ion-driven targets and intense-beam dynamics for inertial-fusion energy. The baseline design calls for using 12 induction cells to accelerate 30-50 nC of Li+ ions to 1.2 MeV. During commissioning, though, we plan to extend the source lifetime by extracting less total charge. Over time, we expect that NDCX-II will be upgraded to substantially higher energies, necessitating the use of heavier ions to keep a suitable deposition range in targets. For operational flexibility, the option of using a helium plasma source is also being investigated. Each of these options requires development of an alternate acceleration schedule. The schedules here are worked out with a fast-running 1-D particle-in-cell code ASP.

  6. The NDCX-II engineering design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waldron, W. L.; Abraham, W. J.; Arbelaez, D.; Friedman, A.; Galvin, J. E.; Gilson, E. P.; Greenway, W. G.; Grote, D. P.; Jung, J.-Y.; Kwan, J. W.; Leitner, M.; Lidia, S. M.; Lipton, T. M.; Reginato, L. L.; Regis, M. J.; Roy, P. K.; Sharp, W. M.; Stettler, M. W.; Takakuwa, J. H.; Volmering, J.; Vytla, V. K.

    2014-01-01

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX-II) is a user facility located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory which is uniquely designed for ion-beam-driven high energy density laboratory physics and heavy ion fusion research. Construction was completed in March 2012 and the facility is now in the commissioning phase. A significant amount of engineering was carried out in order to meet the performance parameters required for a wide range of target heating experiments while making the most cost-effective use of high-value hardware available from a decommissioned high current electron induction accelerator. The technical challenges and design of this new ion induction accelerator facility are described.

  7. Developing acceleration schedules for NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W.M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D.P.; Henestroza, E.; Leitner, M.A.; Waldron, W.L.

    2008-08-01

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions near the Bragg-peak energy. Present plans call for using about thirty induction cells to accelerate 30 nC of Li+ ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to useful temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a millimeter-scale radius and a duration of about 1 ns. An interactive 1-D particle-in-cell simulation with an electrostatic field solver, acceleration-gap fringe fields, and a library of realizable analytic waveforms has been used for developing NDCX-II acceleration schedules. Axisymmetric simulations with WARP have validated this 1-D model and have been used both to design transverse focusing and to compensate for injection non-uniformities and radial variation of the fields. Highlights of this work are presented here.

  8. Alternate Operating Modes For NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharp, W. M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D. P.; Cohen, R. H.; Lund, S. M.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W. L.

    2012-10-01

    NDCX-II is a newly completed accelerator facility at LBNL, built to study ion-heated warm dense matter and aspects of ion-driven targets for inertial-fusion energy. The baseline design calls for using twelve induction cells to accelerate 40 nC of Li+ ions to 1.2 MeV. During commissioning, though, we plan to extend the source lifetime by extracting less total charge. For operational flexibility, the option of using a helium plasma source is also being investigated. Over time, we expect that NDCX-II will be upgraded to substantially higher energies, necessitating the use of heavier ions to keep a suitable deposition range in targets. Each of these options requires development of an alternate acceleration schedule and the associated transverse focusing. The schedules here are first worked out with a fast-running 1-D particle-in-cell code ASP, then 2-D and 3-D Warp simulations are used to verify the 1-D results and to design transverse focusing.

  9. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    DOE PAGES

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; ...

    2013-06-13

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have alsomore » carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. As a result, this process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.« less

  10. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Koniges, A.; Kwan, J. W.; Ng, A.; Ni, P. A.; Liu, W.; Logan, B. G.; Startsev, E.; Yuen, A.

    2013-06-13

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have also carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. As a result, this process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.

  11. Developing acceleration schedules for NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W M; Friedman, A; Grote, D P; Henestroza, E; Leitner, M A; Waldron, W L

    2008-08-11

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions near the Bragg-peak energy. Present plans call for using about thirty induction cells to accelerate 30 nC of Li+ ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to useful temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a sub-millimeter radius and a duration of about 1 ns. An interactive 1-D particle-in-cell simulation with an electrostatic field solver, acceleation-gap fringe fields, and a library of realizable analytic waveforms has been used for developing NDCX-II acceleration schedules. Axisymmetric simulations with WARP have validated this 1-D model and have been used both to design transverse focusing and to compensate for injection non-uniformities and radial variation of the fields. Highlights of this work are presented here.

  12. NDCX-II target experiments and simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Koniges, A.; Kwan, J. W.; Ng, A.; Ni, P. A.; Liu, W.; Logan, B. G.; Startsev, E.; Yuen, A.

    2014-01-01

    The ion accelerator NDCX-II is undergoing commissioning at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Its principal mission is to explore ion-driven High Energy Density Physics (HEDP) relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) especially in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We have carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam-heated targets for parameters expected for the initial configuration of NDCX-II. For metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets), the beam is predicted to heat the target in a timescale comparable to the hydrodynamic expansion time for experiments that infer material properties from measurements of the resulting rarefaction wave. We have also carried out hydrodynamic simulations of beam heating of metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets) in which the ion range is shorter than the areal density of the material. In this case shock waves will form and we derive simple scaling laws for the efficiency of conversion of ion energy into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Geometries with a tamping layer may also be used to study the merging of a tamper shock with the end-of-range shock. This process can occur in tamped, direct drive IFE targets.

  13. Completion of NDCX-II Facility and Initial Tests

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwan, Joe; Arbelaez, Diego; Greenway, Wayne; Jung, Jin-Young; Lidia, Steve; Lipton, Thomas; Roy, Prabir; Seidl, Peter; Takakuwa, Jeff; Waldron, William; Friedman, Alex; Grote, David; Sharp, William; Gilson, Erik

    2011-10-01

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) will generate ion beam pulses for studies of Warm Dense Matter and heavy-ion-driven Inertial Fusion Energy. The machine will accelerate 20-50 nC of Li+ to 1.2-3 MeV energy, starting from a 10.9-cm alumino-silicate ion source. At the end of the accelerator the ions are focused to a mm spot size on a thin foil (planar) target; and the pulse length compressed to sub-ns during beam transport in a neutralizing plasma. While using solenoids for beam focusing, the acceleration and compression will be done by special voltage waveforms along the induction linac. The construction project started in July 2009 and will be complete by March 2012, or earlier. Progress on construction, component and initial beam tests will be reported. Work supported by DOE-OFES.

  14. Simulations of Ion Coupling Experiments on NDCX-II relevant to IFE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnard, J. J.; More, R. M.; Terry, M.

    2012-10-01

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment II (NDCX-II) is an induction accelerator for which the construction project was completed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in March, 2012, and is presently being commissioned. The baseline design for NDCX-II will accelerate ˜0.03 μC of singly charged lithium ions to 1.2 MeV (with possible upgrades up to 3.1 MeV), delivered in sub-ns pulses with sub-mm rms beam radii. The purpose of NDCX-II is to carry out beam and target interaction experiments relevant to IFE. We have carried out detailed hydrodynamic simulations of planar targets having several configurations. In this poster we will focus on experiments that maximize shock strength by traveling wave deposition (i.e. by varying ion beam energy in a velocity chirp) and/or by varying intensity profile, and we will also explore methods to optimize shock strengths in composite materials where shocks can be formed at material boundaries and at end-of-range. These results will be discussed in the context of heavy ion fusion direct drive targets.

  15. STATUS OF THE NEUTRALIZED DRIFT COMPRESSION EXPERIMENT (NDCX-II)

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Kwan, J.W.

    2011-04-21

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX-II) is an 11 M$ induction accelerator project currently in construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for warm dense matter (WDM) experiments investigating the interaction of ion beams with matter at elevated temperature and pressure. The machine consists of a lithium injector, induction accelerator cells, diagnostic cells, a neutralized drift compression line, a final focus solenoid, and a target chamber. The induction cells and some of the pulsed power systems have been reused from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory after refurbishment and modification. The machine relies on a sequence of acceleration waveforms to longitudinally compress the initial ion pulse from 600 ns to less than 1 ns in {approx} 12 m. Radial confinement of the beam is achieved with 2.5 T pulsed solenoids. In the initial hardware configuration, 50 nC of Li{sup +} will be accelerated to 1.25 MeV and allowed to drift-compress to a peak current of {approx}40 A. The project started in the summer of 2009. Construction of the accelerator will be completed in the fall of 2011 and will provide a worldwide unique opportunity for ion-driven warm dense matter experiments as well as research related to novel beam manipulations for heavy ion fusion drivers.

  16. SIMULATING AN ACCELERATION SCHEDULE FOR NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W.M.; Friedman, A.; Grote, D.P.; Henestroza, E.; Leitner, M.A.; Waldron, W.L.

    2009-05-01

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions. Present plans call for using 34 induction cells to accelerate 45 nC of Li+ ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to the desired temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a millimeter-scale radius and a duration of about 1 ns. A novel NDCX-II acceleration schedule has been developed using an interactive one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation ASP to model the longitudinal physics and axisymmetric WARP simulations to validate the 1-D model and add transverse focusing. Three-dimensional Warp runs have been used recently to study the sensitivity to misalignments in the focusing solenoids.

  17. Simulating An Acceleration Schedule For NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Sharp, W M; Friedman, A; Grote, D P; Henestroza, E; Leitner, M A; Waldron, W L

    2009-05-18

    The Virtual National Laboratory for Heavy-Ion Fusion Science is developing a physics design for NDCX-II, an experiment to study warm dense matter heated by ions. Present plans call for using 34 induction cells to accelerate 45 nC of Li{sup +} ions to more than 3 MeV, followed by neutralized drift-compression. To heat targets to the desired temperatures, the beam must be compressed to a millimeter-scale radius and a duration of about 1 ns. A novel NDCX-II acceleration schedule has been developed using an interactive one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation ASP to model the longitudinal physics and axisymmetric WARP simulations to validate the 1-D model and add transverse focusing. Three-dimensional Warp runs have been used recently to study the sensitivity to misalignments in the focusing solenoids.

  18. NDCX-II, an Induction Linac for HEDP and IFE Research

    SciTech Connect

    Kwan, J.W.; Arbelaez, D.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Faltens, A.; Friedman, A.; Galvin, J.; Greenway, W.; Gilson, E. P.; Grote, D. P.; Jung, J.Y.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.; Lidia, S.M.; Logan, B.G.; Lund, S. M.; Reginato, L.L.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Sharp, W. M.; Takakuwa, J.; Waldron, W.L.

    2011-04-20

    NDCX-II. The NDCX-II project started in July 2009 and is expected to complete in fall of 2011. As future funds become available, additional induction cells and pulsed power systems will be added to increase the beam energy.

  19. NDCX-II PULSED POWER SYSTEM AND INDUCTION CELLS

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Reginato, L.L.; Leitner, M.

    2009-06-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently finalizing the design of NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use an ion beam to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will include induction cells and Blumleins from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. The performance requirements, design modifications, and test results will be presented.

  20. Design Studies for the induction cells for NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwan, J. W.; Faltens, A.; Jung, J. Y.; Lee, E. P.; Leitner, M.; Logan, B. G.; Waldron, W. L.; Friedman, A.

    2009-11-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Lab is funded to build NDCX-II, at LBNL for high energy density (warm dense matter) and IFE target physics research. The goal is to produce Li+ ion beam with pulse length ˜1 ns, energy ˜3 MeV, beam charge per pulse ˜20 nC, and rep rate ˜0.02 Hz. The linac will reuse induction cells and Blumleins from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Among other changes, the original dc solenoid magnets will be replaced with new 2-3 T pulsed solenoids. The machine will have about 30 cells, a neutralized drift compression section, and a final focusing solenoid (8 T) followed by a target chamber. The total length of the machine will be about 15 m. One critical need is to avoid premature saturation of the induction cores due to the stray field generated by the pulsed solenoids. Another issue is beam steering due to misalignment of the magnetic axis. Testing of a prototype cell will be done to characterize the pulsed power and magnetic performance. These results will be presented in the meeting.

  1. Simulations of ion beams for NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grote, D. P.; Friedman, A.; Sharp, W. M.

    2014-01-01

    NDCX-II, the second neutralized drift compression experiment, is a moderate energy, high current accelerator designed to drive targets for warm dense matter and IFE-relevant energy coupling studies, and to serve as a testbed for high current accelerator physics. As part of the design process, studies were carried out to assess the sensitivities of the accelerator to errors, and to further optimize the design in concert with the evolving pulsed power engineering. The Warp code was used to carry out detailed simulations in both axisymmetric and full 3-D geometry. Ensembles of simulations were carried out to characterize the effects of errors, such as timing jitter and noise on the accelerator waveforms, noise on the source waveform, and solenoid and source offsets. In some cases, the ensemble studies resulted in better designs, revealing operating points with improved performance and showing possible means for further improvement. These studies also revealed a new non-paraxial effect of the final focus solenoid on the beam, which must be taken into account in designing an optimal final focusing system.

  2. Early Commissioning Results of the NDCX-II Accelerator Facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lidia, Steve; Arbelaez, Diego; Greenway, Wayne; Jung, Jin-Young; Kwan, Joe; Roy, Prabir; Seidl, Peter; Takakuwa, Jeffrey; Waldron, William; Friedman, Alex; Grote, David; Sharp, William; Gilson, Erik; Ni, Pavel

    2012-10-01

    The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II) will generate ion beam pulses for studies of Warm Dense Matter science and heavy-ion-driven Inertial Fusion Energy. The machine accelerates 20-50 nC of Li+ to 1.2-3 MeV energy, starting from a 10.9-cm alumino-silicate ion source. At the end of the accelerator the ions are focused to a sub-mm spot size onto a thin foil (planar) target. The pulse duration is compressed from ˜500 ns at the source to sub-ns at the target following beam transport in a neutralizing plasma. We report on the results of early commissioning studies that characterize beam quality and beam transport, acceleration waveform shaping and beam current evolution. We present measurements of time-resolved beam phase space density and variation in transverse beam centroid position. We present simulation results to benchmark against the experimental measurements, and to predict performance in subsequent sections of the accelerator.

  3. DEVELOPING THE PHYSICS DESIGN FOR NDCX-II, A UNIQUE PULSE-COMPRESSING ION ACCELERATOR

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A.; Barnard, J. J.; Cohen, R. H.; Grote, D. P.; Lund, S. M.; Sharp, W. M.; Faltens, A.; Henestroza, E.; Jung, J-Y.; Kwan, J. W.; Lee, E. P.; Leitner, M. A.; Logan, B. G.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W. L.; Davidson, R.C.; Dorf, M.; Gilson, E.P.; Kaganovich, I.

    2009-07-20

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory(a collaboration of LBNL, LLNL, and PPPL) is using intense ion beams to heat thin foils to the"warm dense matter" regime at<~;; 1 eV, and is developing capabilities for studying target physics relevant to ion-driven inertial fusion energy. The need for rapid target heating led to the development of plasma-neutralized pulse compression, with current amplification factors exceeding 50 now routine on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX). Construction of an improved platform, NDCX-II, has begun at LBNL with planned completion in 2012. Using refurbished induction cells from the Advanced Test Accelerator at LLNL, NDCX-II will compress a ~;;500 ns pulse of Li+ ions to ~;;1 ns while accelerating it to 3-4 MeV over ~;;15 m. Strong space charge forces are incorporated into the machine design at a fundamental level. We are using analysis, an interactive 1D PIC code (ASP) with optimizing capabilities and centroid tracking, and multi-dimensional Warpcode PIC simulations, to develop the NDCX-II accelerator. This paper describes the computational models employed, and the resulting physics design for the accelerator.

  4. Design and Fabrication of the Lithium Beam Ion Injector for NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Takakuwa, J.

    2011-03-01

    A 130 keV injector is developed for the NDCX-II facility. It consists of a 10.9 cm diameter lithium doped alumina-silicate ion source heated to {approx}1300 C and 3 electrodes. Other components include a segmented Rogowski coil for current and beam position monitoring, a gate valve, pumping ports, a focusing solenoid, a steering coil and space for inspection and maintenance access. Significant design challenges including managing the 3-4 kW of power dissipation from the source heater, temperature uniformity across the emitter surface, quick access for frequent ion source replacement, mechanical alignment with tight tolerance, and structural stabilization of the cantilevered 27-inch OD graded HV ceramic column. The injector fabrication is scheduled to complete by May 2011, and assembly and installation is scheduled to complete by the beginning of July. The Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment (NDCX-II) is for the study of high energy density physics and inertial fusion energy research utilizing a lithium ion (Li+) beam with a current of 93 mA and a pulse length of 500 ns (compressed to 1 ns at the target). The injector is one of the most complicated sections of the NDCX-II accelerator demanding significant design and fabrication resources. It needs to accommodate a relatively large ion source (10.9 cm), a high heat load (3-4 kW) and specific beam optics developed from the physics model. Some specific design challenges are noted in this paper.

  5. Ferroelectric plasma sources for NDCX-II and heavy ion drivers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilson, E. P.; Davidson, R. C.; Efthimion, P. C.; Kaganovich, I. D.; Kwan, J. W.; Lidia, S. M.; Ni, P. A.; Roy, P. K.; Seidl, P. A.; Waldron, W. L.; Barnard, J. J.; Friedman, A.

    2014-01-01

    A barium titanate ferroelectric cylindrical plasma source has been developed, tested and delivered for the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment NDCX-II at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The plasma source design is based on the successful design of the NDCX-I plasma source. A 7 kV pulse applied across the 3.8 mm-thick ceramic cylinder wall produces a large polarization surface charge density that leads to breakdown and plasma formation. The plasma that fills the NDCX-II drift section upstream of the final-focusing solenoid has a plasma number density exceeding 1010 cm-3 and an electron temperature of several eV. The operating principle of the ferroelectric plasma source are reviewed and a detailed description of the installation plans is presented. The criteria for plasma sources with larger number density will be given, and concepts will be presented for plasma sources for driver applications. Plasma sources for drivers will need to be highly reliable, and operate at several Hz for millions of shots.

  6. PLANS FOR WARM DENSE MATTER EXPERIMENTS AND IFE TARGET EXPERIMENTS ON NDCX-II

    SciTech Connect

    Waldron, W.L.; Barnard, J.J.; Bieniosek, F.M.; Friedman, A.; Henestroza, E.; Leitner, M.; Logan, B.G.; Ni, P.A.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Sharp, W.M.

    2008-09-22

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently developing design concepts for NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use ion beams to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will consist of a new short pulse injector and induction cells from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). To fit within an existing building and to meet the energy and temporal requirements of various target experiments, an aggressive beam compression and acceleration schedule is planned. WDM physics and ion-driven direct drive hydrodynamics will initially be explored with 30 nC of lithium ions in experiments involving ion deposition, ablation, acceleration and stability of planar targets. Other ion sources which may deliver higher charge per bunch will be explored. A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. Another test stand is being used to develop and characterize lithium-doped aluminosilicate ion sources. The first experiments will include heating metallic targets to 10,000 K and hydrodynamics studies with cryogenic hydrogen targets.

  7. NDCX-II, A New Induction Linear Accelerator for Warm Dense Matter Research

    SciTech Connect

    Leitner, M.; Bieniosek, F.; Kwan, J.; Logan, G.; Waldron, W.; Barnard, J.J.; Friedman, A.; Sharp, B.; Gilson, E.; Davidson, R.

    2009-06-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL), a collaboration between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), is currently constructing a new induction linear accelerator, called Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment NDCX-II. The accelerator design makes effective use of existing components from LLNL's decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA), especially induction cells and Blumlein voltage sources that have been transferred to LBNL. We have developed an aggressive acceleration 'schedule' that compresses the emitted ion pulse from 500 ns to 1 ns in just 15 meters. In the nominal design concept, 30 nC of Li{sup +} are accelerated to 3.5 MeV and allowed to drift-compress to a peak current of about 30 A. That beam will be utilized for warm dense matter experiments investigating the interaction of ion beams with matter at high temperature and pressure. Construction of the accelerator will be complete within a period of approximately two and a half years and will provide a worldwide unique opportunity for ion-driven warm dense matter experiments as well as research related to novel beam manipulations for heavy ion fusion drivers.

  8. Toward a physics design for NDCX-II, an ion accelerator for warm dense matter and HIF target physics studies

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A.; Barnard, J.J.; Briggs, R.J.; Davidson, R.C.; Dorf, M.; Grote, D.P.; Henestroza, E.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.A.; Logan, B.G.; Sefkow, A.B.; Sharp, W.M.; Waldron, W.L.; Welch, D.R.; Yu, S.S.

    2008-08-01

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL), a collaborationof LBNL, LLNL, and PPPL, has achieved 60-fold pulse compression of ion beams on the Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In NDCX, a ramped voltage pulse from an induction cell imparts a velocity"tilt" to the beam; the beam's tail then catches up with its head in a plasma environment that provides neutralization. The HIFS-VNL's mission is to carry out studies of Warm Dense Matter (WDM) physics using ion beams as the energy source; an emerging thrust is basic target physics for heavy ion-driven Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE). These goals require an improved platform, labeled NDCX-II. Development of NDCX-II at modest cost was recently enabled by the availability of induction cells and associated hardware from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) facility at LLNL. Our initial physics design concept accelerates a ~;;30 nC pulse of Li+ ions to ~;;3 MeV, then compresses it to ~;;1 ns while focusing it onto a mm-scale spot. It uses the ATA cells themselves (with waveforms shaped by passive circuits) to impart the final velocity tilt; smart pulsers provide small corrections. The ATA accelerated electrons; acceleration of non-relativistic ions involves more complex beam dynamics both transversely and longitudinally. We are using analysis, an interactive one-dimensional kinetic simulation model, and multidimensional Warp-code simulations to develop the NDCX-II accelerator section. Both LSP and Warp codes are being applied to the beam dynamics in the neutralized drift and final focus regions, and the plasma injection process. The status of this effort is described.

  9. Toward a physics design for NDCX II, an ion accelerator for warm dense matter and HIF target physics studies

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Barnard, J J; Briggs, R J; Davidson, R C; Dorf, M; Grote, D P; Henestroza, E; Lee, E P; Leitner, M A; Logan, B G; Sefkow, A B; Sharp, W M; Waldron, W L; Welch, D R; Yu, S S

    2008-07-30

    The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL), a collaboration of LBNL, LLNL, and PPPL, has achieved 60-fold pulse compression of ion beams on the Neutralized Drift Compression eXperiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In NDCX, a ramped voltage pulse from an induction cell imparts a velocity 'tilt' to the beam; the beam's tail then catches up with its head in a plasma environment that provides neutralization. The HIFS-VNL's mission is to carry out studies of warm dense matter (WDM) physics using ion beams as the energy source; an emerging thrust is basic target physics for heavy ion-driven inertial fusion energy (IFE). These goals require an improved platform, labeled NDCX-II. Development of NDCX-II at modest cost was recently enabled by the availability of induction cells and associated hardware from the decommissioned advanced test accelerator (ATA) facility at LLNL. Our initial physics design concept accelerates an {approx} 30 nC pulse of Li{sup +} ions to {approx} 3 MeV, then compresses it to {approx} 1 ns while focusing it onto a mm-scale spot. It uses the ATA cells themselves (with waveforms shaped by passive circuits) to impart the final velocity tilt; smart pulsers provide small corrections. The ATA accelerated electrons; acceleration of non-relativistic ions involves more complex beam dynamics both transversely and longitudinally. We are using an interactive one-dimensional kinetic simulation model and multidimensional Warp-code simulations to develop the NDCX-II accelerator section. Both LSP and Warp codes are being applied to the beam dynamics in the neutralized drift and final focus regions, and the plasma injection process. The status of this effort is described.

  10. Beam dynamics of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II),a novel pulse-compressing ion accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A.; Barnard, J.J.; Cohen, R.H.; Grote, D.P.; Lund, S.M.; Sharp, W.M.; Faltens, A.; Henestroza, E.; Jung, J.-Y.; Kwan, J.W.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.A.; Logan, B.G.; Vay, J.-L.; Waldron, W.L.; Davidson, R.C.; Dorf, M.; Gilson, E.P.; Kaganovich, I.D.

    2009-12-19

    Intense beams of heavy ions are well suited for heating matter to regimes of emerging interest. A new facility, NDCX-II, will enable studies of warm dense matter at {approx}1 eV and near-solid density, and of heavy-ion inertial fusion target physics relevant to electric power production. For these applications the beam must deposit its energy rapidly, before the target can expand significantly. To form such pulses, ion beams are temporally compressed in neutralizing plasma; current amplification factors of {approx}50-100 are routinely obtained on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In the NDCX-II physics design, an initial non-neutralized compression renders the pulse short enough that existing high-voltage pulsed power can be employed. This compression is first halted and then reversed by the beam's longitudinal space-charge field. Downstream induction cells provide acceleration and impose the head-to-tail velocity gradient that leads to the final neutralized compression onto the target. This paper describes the discrete-particle simulation models (1-D, 2-D, and 3-D) employed and the space-charge-dominated beam dynamics being realized.

  11. Beam dynamics of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment-II (NDCX-II), a novel pulse-compressing ion accelerator

    SciTech Connect

    Friedman, A; Barnard, J J; Cohen, R H; Grote, D P; Lund, S M; Sharp, W M; Faltens, A; Henestroza, E; Jung, J; Kwan, J W; Lee, E P; Leitner, M A; Logan, B G; Vay, J; Waldron, W L; Davidson, R C; Dorf, M; Gilson, E P; Kaganovich, I

    2009-11-19

    Intense beams of heavy ions are well suited for heating matter to regimes of emerging interest. A new facility, NDCX-II, will enable studies of warm dense matter at {approx}1 eV and near-solid density, and of heavy-ion inertial fusion target physics relevant to electric power production. For these applications the beam must deposit its energy rapidly, before the target can expand significantly. To form such pulses, ion beams are temporally compressed in neutralizing plasma; current amplification factors of {approx}50-100 are routinely obtained on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) at LBNL. In the NDCX-II physics design, an initial non-neutralized compression renders the pulse short enough that existing high-voltage pulsed power can be employed. This compression is first halted and then reversed by the beam's longitudinal space-charge field. Downstream induction cells provide acceleration and impose the head-to-tail velocity gradient that leads to the final neutralized compression onto the target. This paper describes the discrete-particle simulation models (1-D, 2-D, and 3-D) employed and the space-charge-dominated beam dynamics being realized.

  12. A multi-wavelength streak-optical-pyrometer for warm-dense matter experiments at NDCX-I and NDCX-II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ni, P. A.; Bieniosek, F. M.; Henestroza, E.; Lidia, S. M.

    2014-01-01

    We report on a multi-wavelength streak-optical-pyrometer (SOP) developed the for warm-dense-matter (WDM) experiments at the existing NDCX-I facility and the NDCX-II facility currently being commissioned at LBNL. The SOP served as the primary temperature diagnostic in the recent NDCX-I experiments, in which an intense K+ beam was used to heat different metal samples into WDM states. The SOP consists of a spectral grating (visible and near-infrared spectral range) and a fast, high-dynamic-range optical streak camera. The instrument is calibrated absolutely with a NIST-traceable tungsten ribbon lamp and can itself be considered as an absolutely calibrated, time-resolving spectrometer. The sample temperature is determined from fitting the recorded thermal spectrum into the Planck formula multiplied by a model of emissivity.

  13. Assess the key physics that underpins high-hydro coupling-efficiency in NDCX-II experiments and high-gain heavy ion direct drive target designs using proven hydro codes like HYDRA

    SciTech Connect

    Barnard, J. J.; Hay, M. J.; Logan, B. G.; Ng, S. F.; Perkins, L. J.; Veitzer, S.; Yu, S. S.

    2010-07-01

    The simulations provided in this milestone have solidified the theoretical underpinning of direct drive targets and also the ability to design experiments on NDCX II that will enhance our understanding of ion-beam hydrodynamic coupling, and thus be relevant to IFE. For the case of the IFE targets, we have studied hydro and implosion efficiency using HYDRA in ID, a starting point towards the goal of polar direct drive in geometry compatible with liquid wall chambers. Recent analysis of direct drive fusion energy targets using heavy ion beams has found high coupling efficiency of ion beam energy into implosion energy. However, to obtain optimal coupling, the ion energy must increase during the pulse in order to penetrate the outflowing ablated material, and deposit the energy close enough to the fuel so that the fuel achieves sufficient implosion velocity. We have computationally explored ID (radial) time dependent models of ion driven direct drive capsule implosions using the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) code HYDRA, to help validate the theoretical analysis done so far, particularly exploring the effects of varying the ion energy and ion current over the course of the pulse. On NDCX II, experiments have been proposed to explore issues of ion penetration of the outflowing plasma over the course of the ion pulse. One possibility is to create a first pulse of ions that heats a planar target, and produces an outflow of material. A second pulse, {approx}10 ns after the first, of higher ion energy (and hence larger projected range) will interact with this outflow before reaching and further heating the target. We have investigated whether the change in range can be tailored to match the evolution of the ablation front. We have carried out simulations using the one-dimensional hydrodynamic code DISH and HYDRA to set parameters for this class of experiments. DISH was upgraded with an ion deposition algorithm, and we have carried out ID (planar) simulations. HYDRA was

  14. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.45 Early commencement of work. (a) Site preparation... commencement of certain limited site preparation for the project within legal guidelines and state law. Such... the commencement of certain necessary early site work and limited construction activity in connection...

  15. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.45 Early commencement of work. (a) Site preparation... commencement of certain limited site preparation for the project within legal guidelines and state law. Such... the commencement of certain necessary early site work and limited construction activity in connection...

  16. Storm sudden commencements and earthquakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lavrov, Ivan; Sobisevich, Aleksey; Guglielmi, Anatol

    2015-03-01

    We have investigated statistically the problem of possible impact of the geomagnetic storm sudden com-mencement (SSC) on the global seismic activity. SSC are used as reference points for comparative analysis of seismicity by the method of superposed epoch. We selected 405 earthquakes from 1973 to 2010 with M˜5 magnitudes from a representative part of USGS Catalog. The comparative analysis of seismicity was carried out at the intervals of ˜60 min relative to the reference point. With a high degree of reliability, it was found that before the reference point the number of earthquakes is noticeably greater than after it. In other words, the global seismicity is suppressed by SSC. We refer to some studies in which the chemical, thermal and force mechanisms of the electromagnetic field action on rocks are discussed. We emphasize the incompleteness of the study concerning the correlation between SSC and earthquakes because we still do not succeed in understanding and interpreting the relationship in terms of physics and mathematics. The study need to be continued to solve this problem of interest and importance.

  17. Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement with special guest

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement with special guest Mrs. Gayle Wilson (CA governor's wife) as she tours the STELLAR project displays with STELLAR students and teachers

  18. Hold Fast Your Dreams: Twenty Commencement Speeches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyko, Carrie, Comp.; Colen, Kimberly, Comp.

    This anthology contains 20 commencement addresses delivered by prominent and successful Americans from many different fields of endeavor--all the addresses have in common an understanding of the audience's thoughts and feelings at the important moment of a college graduation. Each speech in the anthology is preceded by a brief biography of the…

  19. Hold Fast Your Dreams: Twenty Commencement Speeches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyko, Carrie, Comp.; Colen, Kimberly, Comp.

    This anthology contains 20 commencement addresses delivered by prominent and successful Americans from many different fields of endeavor--all the addresses have in common an understanding of the audience's thoughts and feelings at the important moment of a college graduation. Each speech in the anthology is preceded by a brief biography of the…

  20. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a reservist enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered in residence, the commencing date of the...

  1. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a reservist enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered in residence, the commencing date of the...

  2. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a reservist enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered in residence, the commencing date of the...

  3. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a reservist enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered in residence, the commencing date of the...

  4. 38 CFR 21.7631 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... institution—course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When a student enrolls in a course... does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a reservist enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered in residence, the commencing date of the...

  5. 78 FR 40968 - Notice of Extension of Deadline to Commence Construction Under Clean Air Act Prevention of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Notice of Extension of Deadline to Commence Construction Under Clean Air Act...'') permit deadline for commencing construction for a final Clean Air Act PSD permit that authorizes Avenal Power Center, LLC (``APC'') to construct the Avenal Energy Project (``AEP''). The AEP is to be located...

  6. The good midwife: commencing students' views.

    PubMed

    Carolan, Mary

    2011-08-01

    to explore commencing students' views of the good midwife. This study was set against a background of high course attrition and concerns that discordant students' views of midwifery practice may have been associated with course attrition. qualitative thematic analysis. Melbourne, Australia. all commencing midwifery students, in 2008, were invited to participate (n = 41). students spoke of a series of key attributes they felt were important to the role of the midwife. Most fell into the affective domain and four themes were identified: personal qualities and attitudes; a belief in women and natural birth; compatible work ethic; and the possession of additional attributes. commencing students showed a clear understanding of the affective attributes required of a good midwife but a lesser understanding of requirements of knowledge and competence. A small number of students felt that they were already equipped to advise pregnant women, despite their early stage in the course. This is an issue that needs to be addressed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. 33 CFR 165.1305 - Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA. 165..., WA. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: All portions of Commencement Bay bounded by... Sound, Seattle, WA. ...

  8. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Early commencement of work. 242.45... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.45 Early commencement of work. (a) Site preparation... work can commence only after the review of the work and concurrence by HUD, including the environmental...

  9. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Early commencement of work. 242.45... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.45 Early commencement of work. (a) Site preparation... work can commence only after the review of the work and concurrence by HUD, including the environmental...

  10. 49 CFR 1109.2 - Commencement of mediation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement of mediation. 1109.2 Section 1109.2... OF TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PRACTICE USE OF MEDIATION IN BOARD PROCEEDINGS § 1109.2 Commencement of mediation. (a) Availability of mediation. Mediation may be commenced in a dispute before the Board: (1...

  11. 49 CFR 1109.2 - Commencement of mediation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement of mediation. 1109.2 Section 1109.2... OF TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PRACTICE USE OF MEDIATION IN BOARD PROCEEDINGS § 1109.2 Commencement of mediation. (a) Availability of mediation. Mediation may be commenced in a dispute before the Board: (1...

  12. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems... construction systems. (a) Commencement of service. New cellular systems must be at least partially constructed... in Table H-1 of this section. Service commencement periods begin on the date of grant of the initial...

  13. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems... construction systems. (a) Commencement of service. New cellular systems must be at least partially constructed... in Table H-1 of this section. Service commencement periods begin on the date of grant of the initial...

  14. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems... construction systems. (a) Commencement of service. New cellular systems must be at least partially constructed... in Table H-1 of this section. Service commencement periods begin on the date of grant of the initial...

  15. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Service commencement and construction systems... construction systems. (a) Commencement of service. New cellular systems must be at least partially constructed... in Table H-1 of this section. Service commencement periods begin on the date of grant of the initial...

  16. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  17. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  18. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section... FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study. (a) Fellows may commence study under their fellowships as early as the summer following...

  19. 24 CFR 242.45 - Early commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Early commencement of work. 242.45... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.45 Early commencement of work. (a) Site preparation... work can commence only after the review of the work and concurrence by HUD, including the...

  20. 7 CFR 15.81 - How proceedings are commenced.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How proceedings are commenced. 15.81 Section 15.81 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture NONDISCRIMINATION Rules of Practice and Procedure for... Response § 15.81 How proceedings are commenced. Proceedings are commenced by mailing a notice to...

  1. Magnetospheric electric field measurements during sudden commencements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Aggson, T. L.; Skillman, T. L.

    1973-01-01

    Direction measurements of electric fields were made in the outer magnetosphere during two sudden commencements in 1972. These measurements were observed with the double floating probe experiment carried aboard the IMP 6 satellite. The initial variations of the measured electric field consisted of an increase from a background of about 1 mv/meter to some 10 mv/meter at about 7 rE (earth radi) and to some 4 mv/meter at 3 rE. These initial electric field disturbances were longitudinal, oriented counter clockwise about an axis pointed north. A solution of Maxwell's third equation is derived for these measurements using a quasi-static version of Mead's model of the magnetosphere B (t). This solution seems to describe well the magnitude and direction of the initial perturbation of the electric field vectors observed during these two sudden commencements. After the initial increase, the measured electric field rings several times with periods of the order of minutes. This observed oscillatory behavior correlates with magnetic observatory records taken near the foot of the magetic field line passing through the satellite.

  2. Commencement Bay Study. Volume VI. Physical Oceanography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-31

    x C4 N miAnA a)Naaaa a ON .41 0 -N n NCa4aa a U - - 0 MO ~ S M -Mis a a If Ni ŕ 3 iin 0 09 CaI l 1 1 1 ?1 0 ’-NMM.eC% rN waa 0a%0 ; N N inN 0;C inW M ...Birds I.KEY WORDS (Cmnimman m reverse Bdse If .toreewy and Ident’ by Nock number) SloisWetlands Noise Aesthetics Marine Fish Sediments Land and Water...Use Washington Phsialoeaogapy Air Quality and City of Tacoma Baseline WtrQaiyClimate Commencement Bay Studies 2& AISTRCT’ Coniaw M "W SMN R04Aeeee 1011

  3. Storm Sudden Commencements Without Interplanetary Shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Wooyeon; Lee, Jeongwoo; Yi, Yu; Ssessanga, Nicholas; Oh, Suyeon

    2015-09-01

    Storm sudden commencements (SSCs) occur due to a rapid compression of the Earth's magnetic field. This is generally believed to be caused by interplanetary (IP) shocks, but with exceptions. In this paper we explore possible causes of SSCs other than IP shocks through a statistical study of geomagnetic storms using SYM-H data provided by the World Data Center for Geomagnetism ? Kyoto and by applying a superposed epoch analysis to simultaneous solar wind parameters obtained with the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite. We select a total of 274 geomagnetic storms with minimum SYM-H of less than ?30nT during 1998-2008 and regard them as SSCs if SYM-H increases by more than 10 nT over 10 minutes. Under this criterion, we found 103 geomagnetic storms with both SSC and IP shocks and 28 storms with SSC not associated with IP shocks. Storms in the former group share the property that the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), proton density and proton velocity increase together with SYM-H, implying the action of IP shocks. During the storms in the latter group, only the proton density rises with SYM-H. We find that the density increase is associated with either high speed streams (HSSs) or interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), and suggest that HSSs and ICMEs may be alternative contributors to SSCs.

  4. 10 CFR 36.15 - Commencement of construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Specific Licensing Requirements § 36.15 Commencement of construction. Commencement of construction of a new... license with respect to the requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (Act), as amended, and...

  5. 10 CFR 36.15 - Commencement of construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Specific Licensing Requirements § 36.15 Commencement of construction. Commencement of construction of a new... license with respect to the requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (Act), as amended, and...

  6. 10 CFR 36.15 - Commencement of construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Specific Licensing Requirements § 36.15 Commencement of construction. Commencement of construction of a new... license with respect to the requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (Act), as amended, and...

  7. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  8. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  9. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  10. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  11. 6 CFR 27.310 - Commencement of adjudication proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of adjudication proceedings. 27.310 Section 27.310 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Orders and Adjudications § 27.310 Commencement of...

  12. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this part...

  13. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section 2400.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) JAMES MADISON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study...

  14. 45 CFR 2400.44 - Commencement of graduate study.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement of graduate study. 2400.44 Section 2400.44 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) JAMES MADISON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP FOUNDATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Graduate Study § 2400.44 Commencement of graduate study...

  15. 10 CFR 501.165 - Commencement of enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencement of enforcement proceedings. 501.165 Section 501.165 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Enforcement § 501.165 Commencement of enforcement proceedings. (a) Whenever, on the basis of any...

  16. 10 CFR 501.165 - Commencement of enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencement of enforcement proceedings. 501.165 Section 501.165 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Enforcement § 501.165 Commencement of enforcement proceedings. (a) Whenever, on the basis of any...

  17. 10 CFR 501.165 - Commencement of enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencement of enforcement proceedings. 501.165 Section 501.165 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Enforcement § 501.165 Commencement of enforcement proceedings. (a) Whenever, on the basis of any...

  18. 10 CFR 501.165 - Commencement of enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencement of enforcement proceedings. 501.165 Section 501.165 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Enforcement § 501.165 Commencement of enforcement proceedings. (a) Whenever, on the basis of any...

  19. 10 CFR 501.165 - Commencement of enforcement proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencement of enforcement proceedings. 501.165 Section 501.165 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Enforcement § 501.165 Commencement of enforcement proceedings. (a) Whenever, on the basis of any...

  20. Prayer and University Commencement: Application of "Lee v. Weisman."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, W. Bradley; Thurston, Paul W.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses reasons why the "Lee v. Weisman" Supreme Court decision that held unconstitutional a Rhode Island school policy for prayer at a junior high school commencement does not extend to the university level. Concludes that an appropriately worded commencement prayer could pass the three-part "Lemon" threshold and not violate…

  1. Prayer and University Commencement: Application of "Lee v. Weisman."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colwell, W. Bradley; Thurston, Paul W.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses reasons why the "Lee v. Weisman" Supreme Court decision that held unconstitutional a Rhode Island school policy for prayer at a junior high school commencement does not extend to the university level. Concludes that an appropriately worded commencement prayer could pass the three-part "Lemon" threshold and not violate…

  2. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  3. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  4. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  5. 5 CFR 844.301 - Commencing date of disability annuity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencing date of disability annuity... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DISABILITY RETIREMENT Computation of Disability Annuity § 844.301 Commencing date of disability annuity. A disability annuity under this...

  6. 28 CFR 8.8 - Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding. 8.8 Section 8.8 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES Seizure and Forfeiture of Property § 8.8 Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding. An...

  7. 28 CFR 8.8 - Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding. 8.8 Section 8.8 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES Seizure and Forfeiture of Property § 8.8 Commencing the administrative forfeiture proceeding. An...

  8. 37 CFR 251.61 - Commencement of adjustment proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... cable, ephemeral recordings, certain digital audio transmissions, phonorecords, digital phonorecord... the parties. (3) Digital audio transmissions: For preexisting digital subscription transmission services and preexisting satellite digital audio radio services: (i) During a 60-day period commencing...

  9. 37 CFR 251.61 - Commencement of adjustment proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... cable, ephemeral recordings, certain digital audio transmissions, phonorecords, digital phonorecord... the parties. (3) Digital audio transmissions: For preexisting digital subscription transmission services and preexisting satellite digital audio radio services: (i) During a 60-day period commencing on...

  10. Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation. summary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-08-01

    The report summarizes work complete under the U.S. EPA/WDOE Cooperative Agreement for the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation of the Waterways/Shoreline area. The Commencement Bay Superfund Investigation includes various integrated program management and technical components. These include assessments of chemical contamination, biological effects, toxicity, and public health concerns; identification of sources; and identification of potential remedial actions and technologies.

  11. When should physical rehabilitation commence after stroke: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Elizabeth; Hillier, Susan; Cadilhac, Dominique

    2014-06-01

    Knowing when to commence physical rehabilitation after stroke is important to ensure optimal benefit for stroke survivors and efficient health care. The aims of this review were to: determine the effects on mortality, function and complications when physical rehabilitation commences 'early' (within seven days of stroke); and describe the effects of early transfer to rehabilitation wards/hospitals when sustained rehabilitation is unavailable in acute stroke units. From 3751 potential articles we included 5 randomized controlled trials and 38 cohort studies. Meta-analysis was performed with 3 randomized controlled trials involving 159 people to investigate the effects of commencing physical rehabilitation within 24 h of stroke compared to 48 h. Commencing physical rehabilitation within 24 h trended towards greater mortality (Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio 2.58; 95% confidence interval 0.98 to 6.79, P = 0.06), with no differences in complications or health outcomes. The cohort studies provided evidence of benefits when physical rehabilitation was commenced on the day of admission (n = 1), within 3 days of stroke (n = 3), or 'sooner rather than later' (3 of 4 studies). The effect of earlier transfer to rehabilitation was reported in 32 cohort studies. In 23/26 (88%) cohort studies that accounted for age and stroke severity, results favored earlier transfer for improving post-stroke function, with no consensus on timeframes. In summary, the benefits of commencing physical rehabilitation within 24 h of stroke remain unclear from the current literature. Commencing physical rehabilitation or transferring to rehabilitation services 'early' may provide better functional outcomes. © 2014 The Authors. International Journal of Stroke © 2014 World Stroke Organization.

  12. Commencement measurements giving fundamental surface tension determinations in tensiometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carbery, D.; McMillan, N. D.; Morrin, D.; O'Neill, M.; O'Rourke, B.; Pringuet, P.; Riedel, S.; Smith, S. R. P.

    2011-08-01

    This study provides experimental testing of a ray-tracing model of the tensiotrace that explores the measurement potential of a well-defined optical position in the tensiotrace signal known as the 'commencement'. This point is defined as the first measureable optical coupling in the fiber drophead between source and collector fibers for light injected inside a growing drop. Tensiotrace ray-tracing model is briefly introduced. Empirical relationships of commencement measures from a wide-ranging study are presented. A number of conclusions can be drawn from the successful linking of computer predictions to these experimental relationships.

  13. 28 CFR 2.10 - Date service of sentence commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Date service of sentence commences. 2.10 Section 2.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT... absconded from parole supervision; or (4) Comes within the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section....

  14. 28 CFR 2.10 - Date service of sentence commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Date service of sentence commences. 2.10 Section 2.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT... absconded from parole supervision; or (4) Comes within the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section....

  15. 28 CFR 2.10 - Date service of sentence commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Date service of sentence commences. 2.10 Section 2.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT... absconded from parole supervision; or (4) Comes within the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section....

  16. 40 CFR 164.20 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 164.20 Section 164.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE...

  17. 40 CFR 164.20 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 164.20 Section 164.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE...

  18. 40 CFR 164.20 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 164.20 Section 164.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE...

  19. 40 CFR 164.20 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 164.20 Section 164.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE...

  20. 40 CFR 164.20 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 164.20 Section 164.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE...

  1. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Provisions National Stage § 1.491 National stage commencement and entry. (a) Subject to 35 U.S.C. 371(f), the... the applicant has filed the documents and fees required by 35 U.S.C. 371(c) within the period set in...

  2. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions National Stage § 1.491 National stage commencement and entry. (a) Subject to 35 U.S.C. 371(f), the... the applicant has filed the documents and fees required by 35 U.S.C. 371(c) within the period set in...

  3. 37 CFR 1.491 - National stage commencement and entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Provisions National Stage § 1.491 National stage commencement and entry. (a) Subject to 35 U.S.C. 371(f), the... the applicant has filed the documents and fees required by 35 U.S.C. 371(c) within the period set in...

  4. 15 CFR 705.3 - Commencing an investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS EFFECT OF IMPORTED ARTICLES ON THE NATIONAL SECURITY § 705.3 Commencing an investigation. (a) Upon... the effect on the national security of the imports of any article. (b) The Secretary shall immediately...

  5. 29 CFR 500.221 - Commencement of proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of proceeding. 500.221 Section 500.221 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Administrative Proceedings Rules of Practice § 500.221...

  6. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  7. 5 CFR 838.231 - Commencing date of payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Procedures for Processing Court Orders Affecting Employee Annuities Payment Procedures § 838.231 Commencing date of payments. (a) A court order... second month after OPM receives the court order. (b)(1) OPM will not begin payments to the former spouse...

  8. 5 CFR 838.231 - Commencing date of payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Procedures for Processing Court Orders Affecting Employee Annuities Payment Procedures § 838.231 Commencing date of payments. (a) A court order... second month after OPM receives the court order. (b)(1) OPM will not begin payments to the former spouse...

  9. 50 CFR 600.615 - Commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement of proceedings. 600.615 Section 600.615 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... party before the record is closed, the administrative law judge may amend the notice of...

  10. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  11. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  12. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  13. 43 CFR 4.351 - Commencement of the determination process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Commencement of the determination process. 4.351 Section 4.351 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Rules Applicable in Indian Affairs Hearings and Appeals White...

  14. 46 CFR 295.22 - Commencement and termination of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Commencement and termination of operations. 295.22 Section 295.22 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Maritime Security Program Operating...

  15. 46 CFR 295.22 - Commencement and termination of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement and termination of operations. 295.22 Section 295.22 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Maritime Security Program Operating...

  16. 46 CFR 295.22 - Commencement and termination of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Commencement and termination of operations. 295.22 Section 295.22 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Maritime Security Program Operating...

  17. 46 CFR 295.22 - Commencement and termination of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Commencement and termination of operations. 295.22 Section 295.22 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Maritime Security Program Operating...

  18. 46 CFR 295.22 - Commencement and termination of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Commencement and termination of operations. 295.22 Section 295.22 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING SUBSIDIZED VESSELS AND OPERATORS MARITIME SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP) Maritime Security Program Operating...

  19. 31 CFR 800.505 - Commencement of investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commencement of investigation. 800.505 Section 800.505 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS...

  20. 13 CFR 134.202 - Commencement of cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commencement of cases. 134.202 Section 134.202 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF PROCEDURE GOVERNING.... (c) Cases concerning Small Business Investment Company license suspensions and revocations and cease...

  1. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  2. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  3. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  4. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  5. 8 CFR 1003.14 - Jurisdiction and commencement of proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... proceedings. 1003.14 Section 1003.14 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of... before an Immigration Judge commence, when a charging document is filed with the Immigration Court by...

  6. 15 CFR 705.3 - Commencing an investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencing an investigation. 705.3 Section 705.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS...

  7. 15 CFR 705.3 - Commencing an investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencing an investigation. 705.3 Section 705.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS...

  8. 15 CFR 705.3 - Commencing an investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencing an investigation. 705.3 Section 705.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS...

  9. 15 CFR 705.3 - Commencing an investigation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencing an investigation. 705.3 Section 705.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS...

  10. 5. 1859 sketch of the hospital, before construction commenced in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. 1859 sketch of the hospital, before construction commenced in 1860. Photocopied from Report of the Board of Managers of the Hospital of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 1859. - Hospital of Protestant Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, Front Street & Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  11. 28 CFR 2.10 - Date service of sentence commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Date service of sentence commences. 2.10 Section 2.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND RECOMMITMENT OF PRISONERS, YOUTH OFFENDERS, AND JUVENILE DELINQUENTS United States Code Prisoners and Parolees §...

  12. 47 CFR 22.946 - Service commencement and construction systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in Table H-1 of this section. Service commencement periods begin on the date of grant of the initial authorization, and are not extended by the grant of subsequent authorizations for the cellular system (such as... telephone calls to and receive telephone calls from wireline telephones through the PSTN. (c)...

  13. Simulation of Theoretical Most-Extreme Geomagnetic Sudden Commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welling, D. T.; Love, J. J.; Wiltberger, M. J.; Rigler, E. J.

    2016-12-01

    We report results from a numerical simulation of geomagnetic sudden commencements driven by solar wind conditions given by theoretical-limit extreme coronal-mass ejections (CMEs) estimated by Tsurutani and Lakhina [2014]. The CME characteristics at Earth are a step function that jumps from typical quiet values to 2700 km/s flow speed and a magnetic field magnitude of 127 nT. These values are used to drive three coupled models: a global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) magnetospheric model (BATS-R-US), a ring current model (the Rice Convection Model, RCM), and a height-integrated ionospheric electrodynamics model (the Ridley Ionosphere Model, RIM), all coupled together using the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF). Additionally, simulations from the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry MHD model are performed for comparison. The commencement is simulated with both purely northward and southward IMF orientations. Low-latitude ground-level geomagnetic variations, both B and dB/dt, are estimated in response to the storm sudden commencement. For a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) storm, the combined models predict a maximum sudden commencement response, Dst-equivalent of +200 nT and a maximum local dB/dt of 200nT/s. While this positive Dst response is driven mainly by magnetopause currents, complicated and dynamic Birkeland current patterns also develop, which drive the strong dB/dt responses at high latitude. For southward IMF conditions, erosion of dayside magnetic flux allows magnetopause currents to approach much closer to the Earth, leading to a stronger terrestrial response (Dst-equivalent of +250 nT). Further, high latitude signals from Region 1 Birkeland currents move to lower latitudes during the southward IMF case, increasing the risk to populated areas around the globe. Results inform fundamental understanding of solar-terrestrial interaction and benchmark estimates for induction hazards of interest to the electric-power grid industry.

  14. Simulation of Theoretical Most-Extreme Geomagnetic Sudden Commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welling, Daniel; Love, Jeffrey; Wiltberger, Michael; Rigler, Erin; Gombosi, Tamas

    2016-04-01

    We report results from a numerical simulation of geomagnetic sudden commencements driven by solar wind conditions given by theoretical-limit extreme coronal-mass ejections (CMEs) estimated by Tsurutani and Lakhina [2014]. The CME characteristics at Earth are a step function that jumps from typical quiet values to 2700 km/s flow speed and a magnetic field magnitude of 127 nT. These values are used to drive three coupled models: a global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) magnetospheric model (BATS-R-US), a ring current model (the Rice Convection Model, RCM), and a height-integrated ionospheric electrodynamics model (the Ridley Ionosphere Model, RIM), all coupled together using the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF). Additionally, simulations from the Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry MHD model are performed for comparison. The commencement is simulated with both purely northward and southward IMF orientations. Low-latitude ground-level geomagnetic variations, both B and dB/dt, are estimated in response to the storm sudden commencement. For a northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) storm, the combined models predict a maximum sudden commencement response, Dst-equivalent of +200 nT and a maximum local dB/dt of ~200nT/s. While this positive Dst response is driven mainly by magnetopause currents, complicated and dynamic Birkeland current patterns also develop, which drive the strong dB/dt responses at high latitude. For southward IMF conditions, erosion of dayside magnetic flux allows magnetopause currents to approach much closer to the Earth, leading to a stronger terrestrial response (Dst-equivalent of +250 nT). Further, high latitude signals from Region 1 Birkeland currents move to lower latitudes during the southward IMF case, increasing the risk to populated areas around the globe. Results inform fundamental understanding of solar-terrestrial interaction and benchmark estimates for induction hazards of interest to the electric-power grid industry.

  15. 33 CFR 165.1305 - Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... portions of Commencement Bay bounded by the following coordinates: Latitude 47°17′38″ N, Longitude 122°28′43 W; thence south easterly to Latitude 47°17′4″ N, Longitude 122°27′32″ W; thence south westerly to Latitude 47°16′35″ N, Longitude 122°28′1″ W; thence north westerly along the shoreline to Latitude...

  16. 33 CFR 165.1305 - Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... portions of Commencement Bay bounded by the following coordinates: Latitude 47°17′38″ N, Longitude 122°28′43 W; thence south easterly to Latitude 47°17′4″ N, Longitude 122°27′32″ W; thence south westerly to Latitude 47°16′35″ N, Longitude 122°28′1″ W; thence north westerly along the shoreline to Latitude...

  17. Commencement Bay Study. Volume II. Land and Water Use.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-31

    GENERAL Commencement Bay provides the avenue of access for waterborne transportation both to the Tacoma CBD and the port industrial flats at the...generate a significant amount of commercial vessel traffic. The CBD and port industrial flats are served by two transcontinental railroads and a...1 mile (1.6 kilometers) west of the edge of the CBD . Commercial uses at this location consist of specialty retail shops and neighborhood-oriented

  18. Commencing nursing students' perceptions and anxiety of bioscience.

    PubMed

    Craft, Judy; Hudson, Peter; Plenderleith, Mark; Wirihana, Lisa; Gordon, Christopher

    2013-11-01

    It is known that bioscience is perceived to be difficult and causes anxiety within undergraduate nursing students; yet, commencing students' perceptions of bioscience is not known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain incoming students' perceptions, knowledge and approaches to learning bioscience. Incoming students to the Bachelor of Nursing completed a questionnaire prior to undertaking bioscience. Two hundred and seventy three students completed the questionnaire that explored their expectations, preconceptions of bioscience content, approaches to learning bioscience, and relationship to clinical practice in the context of biosciences. Participant ages ranged from 17 to 53 (mean 23 years), and 78% of students had completed at least one secondary school science subject, of which 60% had studied biology. Overall, students' preconceptions included anxiety about studying bioscience, bioscience being difficult and harder than nursing subjects, and that more content will be required for bioscience than nursing subjects. Analysis using ANOVA revealed the relationships for secondary school science and age on student responses. A significant effect of secondary school science was found for science in school being advantageous for bioscience (p=0.010), understanding what bioscience entails (p=0.002), needing to study science prior to the start of the semester (p=0.009), and that bioscience is considered difficult (p=0.029). A significant effect of age was found for exams being more difficult than other assessments (p=0.000) and for being able to see the relevance of nursing when reaching the workplace (p=0.011). The findings also indicated that perceptions and associated anxieties related to bioscience were present in commencing students, similar to those which have been reported previously in established student groups. This strongly suggests that the faculty should attempt to dispel preconceptions about bioscience and target improved supports to facilitate

  19. 12 CFR 1102.32 - Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding... REGULATION Rules of Practice for Proceedings § 1102.32 Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. The ASC... Register a Notice of Intention To Commence A Proceeding (Notice of Intention). The Notice of Intention...

  20. 40 CFR 720.102 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., Washington, DC 20004. (ii) Notices of commencement may be submitted as electronic files on optical disc on or before April 6, 2012. All notices of commencement submitted as electronic files on optical disc must be.... Optical discs containing electronic notices of commencement must be submitted by courier to...

  1. 43 CFR 30.110 - When does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When does OHA commence a probate case? 30.110 Section 30.110 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.110 When does OHA commence a probate case?...

  2. 43 CFR 30.110 - When does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false When does OHA commence a probate case? 30.110 Section 30.110 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.110 When does OHA commence a probate case?...

  3. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case? OHA..., and designating the case as a summary probate proceeding or formal probate proceeding. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  4. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case? OHA..., and designating the case as a summary probate proceeding or formal probate proceeding. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  5. 43 CFR 30.110 - When does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When does OHA commence a probate case? 30.110 Section 30.110 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.110 When does OHA commence a probate case?...

  6. 43 CFR 30.110 - When does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true When does OHA commence a probate case? 30.110 Section 30.110 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.110 When does OHA commence a probate case?...

  7. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case? OHA..., and designating the case as a summary probate proceeding or formal probate proceeding. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  8. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case? OHA..., and designating the case as a summary probate proceeding or formal probate proceeding. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  9. 43 CFR 30.110 - When does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false When does OHA commence a probate case? 30.110 Section 30.110 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.110 When does OHA commence a probate case?...

  10. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case? OHA..., and designating the case as a summary probate proceeding or formal probate proceeding. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  11. 12 CFR 611.1210 - Advance notices-commencement resolution and notice to equity holders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...—commencement resolution and notice to equity holders. (a) Adoption of commencement resolution. Your board of directors must begin the termination process by adopting a commencement resolution stating your intention to... site. The advance notice must describe the following: (A) The process of termination; (B) The...

  12. [Reflexivity and positionality tools to promote theoretical-methodological congruency on commencing a qualitative study].

    PubMed

    Bover, Andreu

    2013-01-01

    The interest in responding to socially determined health needs has led to an increased use of qualitative methodology by researchers and health professionals. This situation has prompted a search for new tools that will facilitate implementation and promote the quality of their research. The researcher's reflexivity and positionality have been described as very useful rigour strategies to promote theoretical-methodological congruency in qualitative research, as well as in generating new knowledge with a greater impact on health. Two methodological tools are presented here in the form of self-reflective questions, with some examples from qualitative health studies conducted in Spain, which can help novice researchers to plan how to commence a qualitative project. Some implications for the health research, practice and policy are discussed. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  13. Preliminary study of sudden commencements propagation using wavelet techniques analysis.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klausner, Virginia; Stepanov, Rodion; Frick, Peter; Mendes, Odim; Domingues, Margarete

    2014-05-01

    We analyzed, in a exploratory way, the sudden commencements (SC) phenomena in response to the two interplanetary shock happened on the June 6, 2012. The goal of this work is detected the differences in SC arrival times from the ground location of the first magnetospheric compression to latitudinal and longitudinal directions. We selected 40 ground magnetic observatories distributed, around the world, to cover in a wide way - latitudinal and longitudinal - the compression of the magnetosphere effects. It is well-knowing that the compression of the magnetosphere produces MHD wave propagation from the source to all directions. As methodology, discrete wavelet analysis (DWT) was used to calculated the SC arrival time delay between the magnetic observatories. Also, we calculated the phase shift of their wavelet transforms in order to detected the MHD wave propagation trends. The time delay observed in the wavelet signatures of magnetic observatories can give precious information on the main processes responsible for the energy transfer from latitudinal and longitudinal directions. Some peculiarities detected by the wavelet analysis for each event are discussed.

  14. Automatic detection of sudden commencements using neural networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Segarra, A.; Curto, J. J.

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this work is to develop an automatic system to detect sudden commencements (SCs). SCs are produced by a sudden increase of solar wind dynamic pressure and are detected simultaneously everywhere on the ground (Araki, 1994). Since 1975, Ebro Observatory is responsible to elaborate the list of SC, following the morphological rules given by Mayaud (1973). Nowadays, this task is still done manually and presents some difficulties; the most worrying one is the decreasing number of observatories who collaborate with this task because most of them opted for the installation of unattended observatories. Hence, the necessity of an alternative method to continue the service becomes a urgency. The automatic method presented in this work is based on neural network analysis. To succeed with neural networks, we did a previous work of characterization and parameterization of SCs by statistical analysis. In this way, we focused on the determination of the appropriate parameters to be used as the inputs of the network which resulted to be: slope, change of magnetic activity and difference of the levels before and after the jump. We worked with X component and also with Y component. An important criteria introduced in this work is the necessary coherence of the results obtained with this new automatic method with those obtained with the manual method and reported in the old list of SC. Finally, the neural network is able to recognize the SC pattern successfully, but now this is achieved in a non-manned way. A robust quasi-real-time detection can be undertaken in the future.

  15. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Notices of commencement may be submitted as electronic files on optical disc on or before April 6, 2012. All notices of commencement submitted as electronic files on optical disc must be generated using e-PMN reporting software and be completed through the finalization step of the software. Optical discs...

  16. 26 CFR 301.9100-14T - Individual's election to terminate taxable year when case commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Assume that husband and wife are calendar-year taxpayers, that a bankruptcy case involving only the husband commences on March 1, 1982, and that a bankruptcy case involving only the wife commences on.... The tax return for his first short taxable year would be due on June 15. The wife could join in the...

  17. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commencement of the obligation to register. 811.5 Section 811.5 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register...

  18. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commencement of the obligation to register. 811.5 Section 811.5 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register...

  19. 42 CFR 137.170 - When does the 365 day period commence?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When does the 365 day period commence? 137.170... Cost Principles § 137.170 When does the 365 day period commence? For the purpose of determining the 365 day period, an audit report is deemed received on the date of actual receipt by the Secretary, at...

  20. 42 CFR 137.170 - When does the 365 day period commence?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false When does the 365 day period commence? 137.170... Cost Principles § 137.170 When does the 365 day period commence? For the purpose of determining the 365 day period, an audit report is deemed received on the date of actual receipt by the Secretary, at...

  1. 42 CFR 137.170 - When does the 365 day period commence?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When does the 365 day period commence? 137.170... Cost Principles § 137.170 When does the 365 day period commence? For the purpose of determining the 365 day period, an audit report is deemed received on the date of actual receipt by the Secretary, at...

  2. 42 CFR 137.170 - When does the 365 day period commence?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false When does the 365 day period commence? 137.170... Cost Principles § 137.170 When does the 365 day period commence? For the purpose of determining the 365 day period, an audit report is deemed received on the date of actual receipt by the Secretary, at...

  3. 42 CFR 137.170 - When does the 365 day period commence?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false When does the 365 day period commence? 137.170... Cost Principles § 137.170 When does the 365 day period commence? For the purpose of determining the 365 day period, an audit report is deemed received on the date of actual receipt by the Secretary, at...

  4. 26 CFR 1.401(a)-14 - Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts. 1.401(a)-14 Section 1.401(a)-14 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.401(a)-14 Commencement of benefits...

  5. 48 CFR 22.1014 - Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Contract Act of 1965, as Amended 22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. If a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. 22.1014 Section 22.1014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...

  6. 48 CFR 22.1014 - Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Contract Labor Standards 22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. If a wage... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. 22.1014 Section 22.1014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...

  7. 48 CFR 22.1014 - Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Contract Act of 1965, as Amended 22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. If a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. 22.1014 Section 22.1014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...

  8. 48 CFR 22.1014 - Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Contract Act of 1965, as Amended 22.1014 Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. If a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Delay over 60 days in bid opening or commencement of work. 22.1014 Section 22.1014 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...

  9. 12 CFR 1102.32 - Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. 1102.32 Section 1102.32 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION COUNCIL APPRAISER REGULATION Rules of Practice for Proceedings § 1102.32 Notice of Intention to Commence a Proceeding. The...

  10. 25 CFR 161.307 - When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo Partitioned Land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements § 161.307 When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo Partitioned Land? The permittee may graze on Navajo Partitioned Land on the...

  11. 25 CFR 161.307 - When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo Partitioned Land?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo... AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements § 161.307 When may a permittee commence grazing on Navajo Partitioned Land? The permittee may graze on Navajo Partitioned Land on the...

  12. 5 CFR 843.408 - Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commencing and terminating dates of child... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Child Annuities § 843.408 Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities. (a) An annuity under...

  13. 5 CFR 843.408 - Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commencing and terminating dates of child... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Child Annuities § 843.408 Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities. (a) An annuity under...

  14. 5 CFR 843.408 - Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commencing and terminating dates of child... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Child Annuities § 843.408 Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities. (a) An annuity under...

  15. 5 CFR 843.408 - Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commencing and terminating dates of child... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND EMPLOYEE REFUNDS Child Annuities § 843.408 Commencing and terminating dates of child annuities. (a) An annuity under...

  16. 46 CFR 281.3 - Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... of the day following the day on which such idle status period ends. (b) Voyage termination. Voyages... determining idle status. (a) Voyage commencements. Voyages shall commence as of 12:01 a.m. of the day that loading of cargo, stores, or fuel begins, or as of 12:01 a.m. of the day following the termination of the...

  17. 43 CFR 4.904 - When does my appeal commence and end?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... received your Notice of Appeal. (d) Your appeal ends on the same day of the month of the 33rd calendar... commenced, then the initial 33-month period ends on the last day of the 33rd calendar month. ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When does my appeal commence and end? 4...

  18. 26 CFR 1.401(a)-14 - Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... exercise of such election will cause benefits payable under the plan with respect to the participant in the... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts... Plans, Etc. § 1.401(a)-14 Commencement of benefits under qualified trusts. (a) In general. Under section...

  19. Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement activities. Special

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    Date: Aug 6, 1996 Photographer: Maria Garcia 1996 'STELLAR' program commencement activities. Special guest Astronaut Buzz Aldrin drops by to tour and chat. Aldrin was attending his book signing at US Space Camp earlier in the day.

  20. 12 CFR 908.40 - Commencement of proceeding and contents of notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... commenced by the issuance of a notice of charges or a notice of assessment of a civil money penalty (notice...) The time, place and nature of the hearing; (e) The time within which to file an answer; (f) The time...

  1. 30 CFR 285.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF... require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30 days after the CVA...

  2. Geomagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements - A note on terminology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joselyn, J. A.; Tsurutani, B. T.

    1990-01-01

    The definitions of and distinctions between storm sudden commencements (SSCs) and geomagnetic sudden impulses (SIs) are examined and present definitions of SIs and SSCs are modernized. Quantitative definitions of the two terms are recommended.

  3. 43 CFR 3871.6 - Certificate required when no suit commenced.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.6 Certificate required when no suit commenced. Where an...

  4. 43 CFR 3871.6 - Certificate required when no suit commenced.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.6 Certificate required when no suit commenced. Where an...

  5. 43 CFR 3871.6 - Certificate required when no suit commenced.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.6 Certificate required when no suit commenced. Where an...

  6. 43 CFR 3871.6 - Certificate required when no suit commenced.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ADVERSE CLAIMS, PROTESTS AND CONFLICTS Adverse Claims § 3871.6 Certificate required when no suit commenced. Where an...

  7. Geomagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements - A note on terminology

    SciTech Connect

    Joselyn, J.A.; Tsurutani, B.T. JPL, Pasadena, CA )

    1990-11-01

    The definitions of and distinctions between storm sudden commencements (SSCs) and geomagnetic sudden impulses (SIs) are examined and present definitions of SIs and SSCs are modernized. Quantitative definitions of the two terms are recommended. 45 refs.

  8. 1996 'STELLAR' and MCP program commencements with special guests Mrs. Gayle Wilson, CA Governor Pete

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    1996 'STELLAR' and MCP program commencements with special guests Mrs. Gayle Wilson, CA Governor Pete Wilson's wife (center), Zoe Lofgren, 16th District Congresswoman San Jose, California (right) and Ames scientist Dr Rose Grymes (left)

  9. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. 73.18... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. (a... between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1995, and have commenced construction before December 31, 1990...

  10. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. 73.18... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. (a... between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1995, and have commenced construction before December 31, 1990...

  11. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. 73.18... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. (a... between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1995, and have commenced construction before December 31, 1990...

  12. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. 73.18... commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 1995. (a... between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1995, and have commenced construction before December 31, 1990...

  13. Toroidal standing waves excited by a storm sudden commencement: DE 1 observations

    SciTech Connect

    Cahill, L.J. Jr. ); Lin, N.G.; Engebretson, M.J. ); Waite, J.H. ); Sugiura, M. )

    1990-06-01

    A 74-nT sudden commencement on July 13, 1982, was observed in the magnetosphere with instruments on the Dynamics Explorer 1 satellite. Inbound, near L = 4.5, the satellite was located at 1,524 magnetic local time and 20{degree} magnetic latitude. The sudden commencement established a strong, ease-west oscillation, with 100-s period, which was observed in the magnetic field, the electric field, and the plasma flow velocity records. There was also a compressional component of this 100-s oscillation and a rapidly damped 300-s compressional pulsation. The compressional oscillations may be evidence of cavity resonances, excited by the sudden commencement. The cavity waves may, in turn, couple to toroidal waves in field line resonance at the satellite location. In addition the sudden commencement caused the onset of waves with frequencies from 0.1 up to at least 0.5 Hz. The observations are compared with similar reports from earlier pulsations related to sudden commencements.

  14. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... application. (2) Each initial blanket license for multiple earth stations at unspecified locations will specify as a condition therein the period in which station operation must be commenced. The networks in... in paragraph (b)(1) of this section must be filed when the network is put into operation. (c) If...

  15. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  16. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  17. 30 CFR 585.637 - When may I commence commercial operations on my commercial lease?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... commercial lease? 585.637 Section 585.637 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER...: (a) Do not require a FERC license (i.e., wind), then you may commence commercial operations 30...

  18. 8 CFR 241.30 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.30 Section 241.30 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Aliens in the United...

  19. 8 CFR 241.30 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.30 Section 241.30 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Aliens in the United...

  20. 8 CFR 241.30 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.30 Section 241.30 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Aliens in the United...

  1. 8 CFR 241.30 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.30 Section 241.30 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Aliens in the United...

  2. 8 CFR 241.30 - Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Proceedings commenced prior to April 1, 1997. 241.30 Section 241.30 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS APPREHENSION AND DETENTION OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Deportation of Aliens in the United...

  3. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.83 Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement... determine whether or not the proposal is one which requires an environmental impact statement. Except...

  4. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile satellite earth station terminals (METs), shall specify as...

  5. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile earth stations, shall specify as a condition therein the period...

  6. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile satellite earth station terminals (METs), shall specify as...

  7. 47 CFR 25.133 - Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Earth Stations § 25.133 Period of construction; certification of commencement of operation. (a)(1) Each license for an earth station governed by this part, except for mobile satellite earth station terminals (METs), shall specify as...

  8. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... register. 811.5 Section 811.5 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or...

  9. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... register. 811.5 Section 811.5 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or...

  10. 28 CFR 811.5 - Commencement of the obligation to register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... register. 811.5 Section 811.5 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.5 Commencement of the obligation to register. (a) A sex offender's obligation to register starts when the sex offender is found guilty or...

  11. 13 CFR 134.304 - Commencement of appeals from size determinations and NAICS code designations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... determinations and NAICS code designations. 134.304 Section 134.304 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS... Appeals From Size Determinations and NAICS Code Designations § 134.304 Commencement of appeals from size determinations and NAICS code designations. (a) Appeals from size determinations and NAICS code designations must...

  12. 5 CFR 843.304 - Commencing and terminating dates of survivor annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-DEATH BENEFITS AND... annuities. (a) A current or former spouse annuity under this subpart commences on the day after the death of... 55 or dies. (c) A current spouse annuity under this subpart terminated for reasons other than...

  13. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS... import. (a) Applicability. Any person who commences the manufacture or import of a new microorganism for.... The NOC must contain the following information: Specific microorganism identity, MCAN number, and the...

  14. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS... import. (a) Applicability. Any person who commences the manufacture or import of a new microorganism for.... The NOC must contain the following information: Specific microorganism identity, MCAN number, and the...

  15. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS... import. (a) Applicability. Any person who commences the manufacture or import of a new microorganism for.... The NOC must contain the following information: Specific microorganism identity, MCAN number, and the...

  16. 40 CFR 60.2190 - What must I submit prior to commencing construction?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units for Which Construction Is Commenced After November... construction. (c) All documentation produced as a result of the siting requirements of § 60.2050. (d) The waste management plan as specified in §§ 60.2055 through 60.2065. (e) Anticipated date of initial startup. ...

  17. 40 CFR 725.190 - Notice of commencement of manufacture or import.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS... import. (a) Applicability. Any person who commences the manufacture or import of a new microorganism for.... The NOC must contain the following information: Specific microorganism identity, MCAN number, and...

  18. Good Practice for Enhancing the Engagement and Success of Commencing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Karen J.; Quinn, Carole; Marrington, Andrew; Clarke, John A.

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread recognition that higher education institutions (HEIs) must actively support commencing students to ensure equity in access to the opportunities afforded by higher education. This role is particularly critical for students who because of educational, cultural or financial disadvantage or because they are members of social groups…

  19. Commencement Address by Drew S. Days III, before the Temple University School of Law, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Civil Rights Div.

    In this commencement address given by the Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, a brief review of the Younger vs. Harris case is given. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that federal courts could not issue injunctions against state criminal proceedings on the ground that such prosecutions would result…

  20. Good Practice for Enhancing the Engagement and Success of Commencing Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Karen J.; Quinn, Carole; Marrington, Andrew; Clarke, John A.

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread recognition that higher education institutions (HEIs) must actively support commencing students to ensure equity in access to the opportunities afforded by higher education. This role is particularly critical for students who because of educational, cultural or financial disadvantage or because they are members of social groups…

  1. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.83 Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement... “scoping process” CEQ Regulation (40 CFR 1501.7) except that the impact statement which is part of a...

  2. 48 CFR 52.211-10 - Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... shall be required to (a) commence work under this contract within _ calendar days after the date the... date the contractor receives the notice to proceed, or a calendar date. Alternate I (APR 1984). If the completion date is expressed as a specific calendar date, computed on the basis of the contractor...

  3. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Administrative Judge; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appointment of Administrative Judge; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings. 710.25 Section 710.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED MATTER OR SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL General Criteria and...

  4. 10 CFR 710.25 - Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appointment of Hearing Officer; prehearing conference; commencement of hearings. 710.25 Section 710.25 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED MATTER OR SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL General Criteria and...

  5. Testing Program Reveals Deficient Mathematics for Health Science Students Commencing University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNaught, Keith; Hoyne, Gerard

    2013-01-01

    In response to staff concerns about literacy and numeracy standards of commencing students, the School of Health Sciences at the University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA) Fremantle campus worked with academic support staff from the University's Academic Enabling and Support Centre (AESC) to develop a Post Entrance Numeracy Assessment (PENA). The…

  6. 26 CFR 1.401(a)(9)-2 - Distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime, how must the employee's entire interest be distributed in order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A)? A-1. (a) In order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A), the entire interest of each employee must be distributed to such employee not later than the...

  7. 26 CFR 1.401(a)(9)-2 - Distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime, how must the employee's entire interest be distributed in order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A)? A-1. (a) In order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A), the entire interest of each employee must be distributed to such employee not later than the...

  8. 26 CFR 1.401(a)(9)-2 - Distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... distributions commencing during an employee's lifetime, how must the employee's entire interest be distributed in order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A)? A-1. (a) In order to satisfy section 401(a)(9)(A), the entire interest of each employee must be distributed to such employee not later than the...

  9. 75 FR 33692 - Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement Bay, Tacoma, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Tacoma Freedom Fair Air Show, Commencement... Freedom Fair Air Show. The safety zone is necessary to help ensure the safety of the maritime public... Tacoma Freedom Fair Air show. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds that good cause exists for...

  10. 48 CFR 52.211-10 - Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work. 52.211-10 Section 52.211-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text...

  11. 48 CFR 52.211-10 - Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commencement, Prosecution, and Completion of Work. 52.211-10 Section 52.211-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text...

  12. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.83 Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement... determine whether or not the proposal is one which requires an environmental impact statement. Except for...

  13. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.83 Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement... determine whether or not the proposal is one which requires an environmental impact statement. Except for...

  14. 16 CFR 1.83 - Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... environmental impact statement. 1.83 Section 1.83 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION... Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.83 Whether to commence the process for an environmental impact statement... determine whether or not the proposal is one which requires an environmental impact statement. Except for...

  15. 12 CFR 611.1210 - Advance notices-commencement resolution and notice to equity holders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... electronic mail before mailing it to your equity holders. If we have not contacted you within 2 business days.... Your voting stockholders must approve the special class before you adopt the commencement resolution... voting record date) and to dissent as holders of similar equities issued before the...

  16. 12 CFR 611.1210 - Advance notices-commencement resolution and notice to equity holders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... electronic mail before mailing it to your equity holders. If we have not contacted you within 2 business days.... Your voting stockholders must approve the special class before you adopt the commencement resolution... voting record date) and to dissent as holders of similar equities issued before the...

  17. 12 CFR 611.1210 - Advance notices-commencement resolution and notice to equity holders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... electronic mail before mailing it to your equity holders. If we have not contacted you within 2 business days.... Your voting stockholders must approve the special class before you adopt the commencement resolution... voting record date) and to dissent as holders of similar equities issued before the...

  18. 12 CFR 611.1210 - Advance notices-commencement resolution and notice to equity holders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... electronic mail before mailing it to your equity holders. If we have not contacted you within 2 business days.... Your voting stockholders must approve the special class before you adopt the commencement resolution... voting record date) and to dissent as holders of similar equities issued before the...

  19. 32 CFR 516.16 - Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Individual and supervisory procedures upon commencement of legal proceedings. 516.16 Section 516.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Reporting Legal...

  20. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures for...

  1. 19 CFR 207.92 - Procedures for commencing review of final determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FAIR VALUE OR FROM SUBSIDIZED EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES Implementing Regulations for the North American Free Trade Agreement § 207.92 Procedures for commencing review of final determinations. (a) Notice... determinations. 207.92 Section 207.92 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE...

  2. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures for...

  3. 19 CFR 207.92 - Procedures for commencing review of final determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FAIR VALUE OR FROM SUBSIDIZED EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES Implementing Regulations for the North American Free Trade Agreement § 207.92 Procedures for commencing review of final determinations. (a) Notice... determinations. 207.92 Section 207.92 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE...

  4. 19 CFR 207.92 - Procedures for commencing review of final determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... FAIR VALUE OR FROM SUBSIDIZED EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES Implementing Regulations for the North American Free Trade Agreement § 207.92 Procedures for commencing review of final determinations. (a) Notice... determinations. 207.92 Section 207.92 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE...

  5. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures for...

  6. 19 CFR 207.92 - Procedures for commencing review of final determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... FAIR VALUE OR FROM SUBSIDIZED EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES Implementing Regulations for the North American Free Trade Agreement § 207.92 Procedures for commencing review of final determinations. (a) Notice... determinations. 207.92 Section 207.92 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE...

  7. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures for...

  8. 19 CFR 207.92 - Procedures for commencing review of final determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... FAIR VALUE OR FROM SUBSIDIZED EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES Implementing Regulations for the North American Free Trade Agreement § 207.92 Procedures for commencing review of final determinations. (a) Notice... determinations. 207.92 Section 207.92 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE...

  9. 19 CFR 356.3 - Notice of intent to commence judicial review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Notice of intent to commence judicial review. 356.3 Section 356.3 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Procedures for...

  10. Commencement Address.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burch, Dean

    Trinity University and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) share many of the same ground rules; tolerance for diversity, willingness to change, and a guaranteed opportunity for competition in the marketplace of goods, services, and ideas. But a Presidential commission hanging on an office wall is not a hunting license to shape the…

  11. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. (a) Eligibility for small business provisions. For purposes of Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004 for BRS licenses, a small business is..., 2004 for BTA service areas are eligible for special incentives in the auction process. See 47 CFR...

  12. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. (a) Eligibility for small business provisions. For purposes of Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004 for BRS licenses, a small business is..., 2004 for BTA service areas are eligible for special incentives in the auction process. See 47 CFR...

  13. 40 CFR 73.18 - Submittal procedures for units commencing commercial operation during the period from January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Eligibility. To be eligible for allowances under this section, a unit shall commence commercial operation... construction of the unit. (c) Commencement of commercial operation. The Administrator will use EIA information... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submittal procedures for units...

  14. The influence of friends on smoking commencement and cessation in undergraduate nursing students: a survey.

    PubMed

    Clark, Eileen; McCann, Terence V

    2008-02-01

    Smoking is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in most countries. Despite the fact that nurses have an important role in health promotion, and are in a good position to see and reflect on the detrimental effects of tobacco smoking, research has shown that the rate of smoking among nurses is similar to the rest of the population. The objective of this study was to examine the attitudes and experiences of undergraduate nursing students in relation to smoking commencement and cessation. It was part of a larger study that explored students smoking behaviours, knowledge and attitudes. A non-probability sample of 366 undergraduate nursing students from a large Australian school of nursing and midwifery took part in the study. The participants completed the Smoking and Health Promotion instrument. Ethics approval was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Peers and friends were an important influence on the decision to commence smoking. The wish to comply with peer norms was especially prominent in mid-adolescence. Most smokers wanted to cease smoking, and many had tried unsuccessfully to stop on one or more occasions. They conceded that the pleasure they obtained from smoking and the effects of stress acted as barriers to stopping. The participants acknowledged the adverse health effects of smoking and some had already experienced these effects, but neither of these was enough to prompt them to cease. Undergraduate nursing curricula need to place greater emphasis on examining smoking related illnesses, as well as health promotion and role modelling in particular. Health promotion strategies that target peers are needed as an alternative to programmes that use fear or appeals to moral authority to prevent individuals from commencing smoking or encouraging cessation.

  15. Preferred practice location at medical school commencement strongly determines graduates' rural preferences and work locations.

    PubMed

    Herd, Marie S; Bulsara, Max K; Jones, Michael P; Mak, Donna B

    2017-02-01

    To identify factors influencing whether Australian medical graduates prefer to, or actually, work rurally. Secondary analysis of longitudinal data from Medical Schools Outcomes Database (MSOD) using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Twenty Australian medical schools. Australian or New Zealand citizens and Australian permanent residents who completed MSOD questionnaires between 2006 and 2013. Preferred and actual work locations 1 (PGY1) and 3 (PGY3) years postgraduation. Of 20 784 participants, 4028 completed a PGY1 or PGY3 questionnaire. Self-reported preference for rural practice location at medical school commencement was the most consistent independent predictor of whether a graduate would have a rural location preference at PGY1 (odds ratio (OR) 6.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.91-7.51) and PGY3 (OR 7.95, 95% CI 4.93-12.84), and work rurally during PGY1 (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.01-1.88) and PGY3 (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.30-2.64). The effect of preferred practice location at medical school commencement is independent of, and enhances the effect of, rural background. Graduates of graduate-entry programs or with dependent children were less likely to have worked rurally during PGY1 and PGY3 respectively. The most consistent factor associated with rural preferences and work location was students' preferred location of practice at medical school commencement; this association is independent of, and enhances the effect of, rural background. Better understanding of what determines rural preference at medical school commencement and its influence on rural workplace outcomes beyond PGY3 is required to inform Australian medical school selection policies and rural health curricula. © 2016 National Rural Health Alliance Inc.

  16. The sun-weather connection - Sudden stratospheric warmings correlated with sudden commencements and solar proton events

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Neubauer, L.

    1983-01-01

    It has been found that a strong correlation exists between sudden stratospheric warmings and sudden commencements of geomagnetic activity. This correlation follows a 22-yr cycle. The sudden warmings of the lower stratosphere occur near the north magnetic pole over Siberia and the Pacific, although occasionally they do occur over North America. A mechanism explaining how the solar wind ultimately affects the surface weather through its selective interaction with the middle atmosphere is outlined.

  17. Tracking riverborne sediment and contaminants in Commencement Bay, Washington, using geochemical signatures

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Takesue, Renee K.; Conn, Kathleen E.; Dinicola, Richard S.

    2017-09-29

    Large rivers carry terrestrial sediment, contaminants, and other materials to the coastal zone where they can affect marine biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems. This U.S. Geological Survey study combined river and marine sediment geochemistry and organic contaminant analyses to identify riverborne sediment and associated contaminants at shoreline sites in Commencement Bay, Puget Sound, Washington, that could be used by adult forage fish and other marine organisms. Geochemical signatures distinguished the fine fraction (<0.063 millimeter, mm) of Puyallup River sediment—which originates from Mount Rainier, a Cascade volcano—from glacial fine sediment in lowland bluffs that supply sediment to beaches. In combination with activities of beryllium-7 (7Be), a short-lived radionuclide, geochemical signatures showed that winter 2013–14 sediment runoff from the Puyallup River was transported to and deposited along the north shore of Commencement Bay, then mixed downward into the sediment column. The three Commencement Bay sites at which organic contaminants were measured in surface sediment did not have measurable 7Be activities in that layer, so their contaminant assemblages were attributed to sources from previous years. Concentrations of organic contaminants (the most common of which were polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and fecal sterols) were higher in the <0.063-mm fraction compared to the <2-mm fraction, in winter compared to summer, in river suspended sediment compared to river bar and bank sediment, and in marine sediment compared to river sediment. The geochemical property barium/aluminum (Ba/Al) showed that the median percentage of Puyallup River derived fine surface sediment along the shoreline of Commencement Bay was 77 percent. This finding, in combination with higher concentrations of organic contaminants in marine rather than river sediment, indicates that riverborne sediment-bound contaminants are retained in shallow

  18. First results of geodetic deformation monitoring after commencement of CO2 injection at the Aquistore underground CO2 storage site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craymer, M.; White, D.; Piraszewski, M.; Zhao, Y.; Henton, J.; Silliker, J.; Samsonov, S.

    2015-12-01

    Aquistore is a demonstration project for the underground storage of CO2 at a depth of ~3350 m near Estevan, Saskatchewan, Canada. An objective of the project is to design, adapt, and test non-seismic monitoring methods that have not been systematically utilized to date for monitoring CO2 storage projects, and to integrate the data from these various monitoring tools to obtain quantitative estimates of the change in subsurface fluid distributions, pressure changes and associated surface deformation. Monitoring methods being applied include satellite-, surface- and wellbore-based monitoring systems and comprise natural- and controlled-source electromagnetic methods, gravity monitoring, continuous GPS, synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR), tiltmeter array analysis, and chemical tracer studies. Here we focus on the GPS, InSAR and gravity monitoring. Five monitoring sites were installed in 2012 and another six in 2013, each including GPS and InSAR corner reflector monuments (some collocated on the same monument). The continuous GPS data from these stations have been processed on a daily basis in both baseline processing mode using the Bernese GPS Software and precise point positioning mode using CSRS-PPP. Gravity measurements at each site have also been performed in fall 2013, spring 2014 and fall 2015, and at two sites in fall 2014. InSAR measurements of deformation have been obtained for a 5 m footprint at each site as well as at the corner reflector point sources. Here we present the first results of this geodetic deformation monitoring after commencement of CO2 injection on April 14, 2015. The time series of these sites are examined, compared and analyzed with respect to monument stability, seasonal signals, longer term trends, and any changes in motion and mass since CO2 injection.

  19. Factors affecting commencement and cessation of smoking behaviour in Malaysian adults

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Tobacco consumption peak in developed countries has passed, however, it is on the increase in many developing countries. Apart from cigarettes, consumption of local hand-rolled cigarettes such as bidi and rokok daun are prevalent in specific communities. Although factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation has been investigated elsewhere, the only available data for Malaysia is on prevalence. This study aims to investigate factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation which is imperative in designing intervention programs. Methods Data were collected from 11,697 adults by trained recording clerks on sociodemographic characteristics, practice of other risk habit and details of smoking such as type, duration and frequency. Smoking commencement and cessation were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate the hazard rate ratios. Results Males had a much higher prevalence of the habit (61.7%) as compared to females (5.8%). Cessation was found to be most common among the Chinese and those regularly consuming alcoholic beverages. Kaplan-Meier plot shows that although males are more likely to start smoking, females are found to be less likely to stop. History of betel quid chewing and alcohol consumption significantly increase the likelihood of commencement (p < 0.0001), while cessation was least likely among Indians, current quid chewers and kretek users (p < 0.01). Conclusions Gender, ethnicity, history of quid chewing and alcohol consumption have been found to be important factors in smoking commencement; while ethnicity, betel quid chewing and type of tobacco smoked influences cessation. PMID:22429627

  20. Compartmentalising time and space: a phenomenological interpretation of the temporal experience of commencing haemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Gullick, Janice; Monaro, Susan; Stewart, Glenn

    2017-11-01

    To interpret the spatio-temporal experience of people with end-stage kidney disease and their families in the first months of haemodialysis. While dialysis is the mainstay of end-stage kidney disease management, the actual initiation of treatment is often unexpected by people and families. Poor biopsychosocial preparation means haemodialysis commencement is experienced as a crisis. While previous phenomenological studies suggest that over time, a habitual incorporation of dialysis into one's self-concept is possible, the spatio-temporal experience of people new to haemodialysis is not well understood. A phenomenological study. Following purposive sampling, 18 participants were recruited either during an inpatient admission or while attending a public hospital-based haemodialysis unit in Sydney, Australia. Eleven people who had commenced haemodialysis within the previous three months and five close family members were separately engaged in semistructured interviews. Hermeneutic interpretation within a Heideggerian framework occurred through a backward-and-forward analysis between the early haemodialysis experience and its relationship to Being. Themes that related to a temporal and spatial understanding of Being-in-the-world as a new haemodialysis patient or carer included the following: 'compartmentalising life into dialysis and non-dialysis days' (lost time, clock time and lived time); 'compartmentalising before, now and future' (normalising the 'before', dealing with the 'now' and the 'foreverness' of dialysis); and finally, 'compartmentalising space'. In the months after dialysis commencement, patients and family carers compartmentalise time and space with a loss of continuity of meaningful, lived time that had framed people's past sense of normal. Resource enhancement activities should focus on social connectivity and provision of personnel and/or infrastructure to reduce boredom, to facilitate engagement with meaningful tasks and, where appropriate, to support

  1. Factors affecting commencement and cessation of smoking behaviour in Malaysian adults.

    PubMed

    Ghani, Wan Maria Nabillah; Razak, Ishak Abdul; Yang, Yi Hsin; Talib, Norain Abu; Ikeda, Noriaki; Axell, Tony; Gupta, Prakash C; Handa, Yujiro; Abdullah, Norlida; Zain, Rosnah Binti

    2012-03-19

    Tobacco consumption peak in developed countries has passed, however, it is on the increase in many developing countries. Apart from cigarettes, consumption of local hand-rolled cigarettes such as bidi and rokok daun are prevalent in specific communities. Although factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation has been investigated elsewhere, the only available data for Malaysia is on prevalence. This study aims to investigate factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation which is imperative in designing intervention programs. Data were collected from 11,697 adults by trained recording clerks on sociodemographic characteristics, practice of other risk habit and details of smoking such as type, duration and frequency. Smoking commencement and cessation were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate the hazard rate ratios. Males had a much higher prevalence of the habit (61.7%) as compared to females (5.8%). Cessation was found to be most common among the Chinese and those regularly consuming alcoholic beverages. Kaplan-Meier plot shows that although males are more likely to start smoking, females are found to be less likely to stop. History of betel quid chewing and alcohol consumption significantly increase the likelihood of commencement (p < 0.0001), while cessation was least likely among Indians, current quid chewers and kretek users (p < 0.01). Gender, ethnicity, history of quid chewing and alcohol consumption have been found to be important factors in smoking commencement; while ethnicity, betel quid chewing and type of tobacco smoked influences cessation.

  2. Coherent radar observations of a storm sudden commencement having a preliminary reverse impulse

    SciTech Connect

    McDiarmid, D.R.; Nielsen, E. )

    1987-01-01

    Observations of the February 4, 1983, storm sudden commencement (ssc) by the STARE and SABRE radar systems are presented. The observing stations were in the dusk sector, where the ssc was accompanied by a preliminary reverse impulse (PRI). The radar data show the PRI to be a consequence of the ssc compression wave producing an initial antisunward flow. The polarization of the ssc electric field in the ionosphere is seen to have both longitudinal and latitudinal structure. The observations are discussed in terms of the propagation of the ssc disturbance throughout the magnetosphere.

  3. Longitudinal variation of sudden commencement of geomagnetic storm at equatorial stations

    SciTech Connect

    Rastogi, R.G.

    1993-09-01

    The author reports the observation of a correlation between the strength of storm sudden commencements in the equatorial electrojet region with the equatorial electrojet current itself, as a function of daytime, latitude, and longitude. The author argues that electric fields generated at the magnetopause by interaction with solar wind plasma transmits to the polar region along field lines, and there converts to magnetic waves which rapidly propogate to equatorial regions in the conducting plasma between the ionosphere and the earth. The strength of the arrival fields is dependent upon the ionospheric conductivity at the particular location in question.

  4. 5 CFR 831.2208 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 831.2208 Section 831.2208... annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, if the annuity of a retiree commences after December 2, 1989, and before...

  5. Western grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis, wintering biology and contaminant accumulation in Commencement Bay, Puget Sound, Washington

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Henny, C.J.; Blus, L.J.; Grove, R.A.

    1990-01-01

    Western Grebes wintering at the head of Commencement Bay (bordering the waterways) accumulated significant amounts of mercury, arsenic, DDE, PCBs, chlordanes, and perhaps cadmium and HCB between 17 October 1985 and 6 February 1986. No change in selenium or lead was detected, but copper declined significantly. Western Grebes were likely to accumulate even higher levels of certain contaminants because they remained in Commencement Bay for an additional 3 months after the final collection. Remige moult and bursa length were used to separate five individuals believed to represent one age class, from the remainder of the October collection. These birds, perhaps nonbreeders spending one continuous year in Puget Sound, contained the 5 highest PCB, 5 of the 8 highest DDE, and 2 of the 3 highest mercury concentrations. No evidence was found in the literature to suggest the contaminant concentrations we reported would adversely impact the Western Grebe population. As expected, lipid content of carcasses increased significantly from October (15.5%) to February (28.8%).

  6. Factors affecting commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behaviour in Malaysian adults

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Betel quid chewing is a common habit widely practiced in Southern Asian populations. However, variations are seen in the content of a betel quid across the different countries. Factors associated with commencement and cessation of this habit has been numerously studied. Unfortunately, data on Malaysian population is non-existent. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the inception and also cessation of betel quid chewing behaviour among Malaysian adults. Method This study is part of a nationwide survey on oral mucosal lesions carried out among 11,697 adults in all fourteen states in Malaysia. The questionnaire included sociodemographic information and details on betel quid chewing habit such as duration, type and frequency. The Kaplan-Meier estimates were calculated and plotted to compare the rates for the commencement and cessation of betel quid chewing behaviour. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to calculate the hazard rate ratios for factors related to commencement or cessation of this habit. Results Of the total subjects, 8.2% were found to be betel quid chewers. This habit was more prevalent among females and, in terms of ethnicity, among the Indians and the Indigenous people of Sabah and Sarawak. Cessation of this habit was more commonly seen among males and the Chinese. Females were found to be significantly more likely to start (p < 0.0001) and less likely to stop the quid chewing habit. Females, those over 40 years old, Indians and a history of smoking was found to significantly increase the likelihood of developing a quid chewing habit (p < 0.0001). However, those who had stopped smoking were found to be significantly more likely to promote stopping the habit (p = 0.0064). Cessation was also more likely to be seen among those who chewed less than 5 quids per day (p < 0.05) and less likely to be seen among those who included areca nut and tobacco in their quid (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Factors that influence

  7. Predictive validity of the post-enrolment English language assessment tool for commencing undergraduate nursing students.

    PubMed

    Glew, Paul J; Hillege, Sharon P; Salamonson, Yenna; Dixon, Kathleen; Good, Anthony; Lombardo, Lien

    2015-12-01

    Nursing students with English as an additional language (EAL) may underperform academically. The post-enrolment English language assessment (PELA) is used in literacy support, but its predictive validity in identifying those at risk of underperformance remains unknown. To validate a PELA, as a predictor of academic performance. Prospective survey design. The study was conducted at a university located in culturally and linguistically diverse areas of western Sydney, Australia. Commencing undergraduate nursing students who were Australian-born (n=1323, 49.6%) and born outside of Australia (n=1346, 50.4%) were recruited for this study. The 2669 (67% of 3957) participants provided consent and completed a first year nursing unit that focussed on developing literacy skills. Between 2010 and 2013, commencing students completed the PELA and English language acculturation scale (ELAS), a previously validated instrument. The grading levels of the PELA tool were: Level 1 (proficient), Level 2 (borderline), and Level 3 (poor, and requiring additional support). Participants with a PELA Level 2 or 3 were more likely to be: a) non-Australian-born (χ(2): 520.6, df: 2, p<0.001); b) spoke a language other than English at home (χ(2): 490.2, df: 2, p<0.001); and c) an international student (χ(2): 225.6, df: 2, p<0.001). There was an inverse relationship between participants' ELAS scores and PELA levels (r=-0.52, p<0.001), and those graded as 'proficient' with a PELA Level 1 were more likely to obtain higher scores in their: i) unit essay assessment (χ(2): 40.2, df: 2, p<0.001); ii) final unit mark (χ(2): 218.6, df: 2, p<0.001), and attain a higher GPA (χ(2): 100.8, df: 2, p<0.001). The PELA is a useful screening tool in identifying commencing nursing students who are at risk of academic underachievement. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Gynaecomastia in two men on stable antiretroviral therapy who commenced treatment for tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Kratz, Jeremy D; El-Shazly, Ahmad Y; Mambuque, Santos G; Demetria, Elpidio; Veldkamp, Peter; Anderson, Timothy S

    2016-12-01

    Gynaecomastia is a common clinical presentation that varies from benign presentations in stages of human development to hormonal pathology, mainly due to hepatic dysfunction, malignancy, and adverse pharmacologic effects. We describe the development of significant bilateral gynaecomastia after starting treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in two males with WHO stage III Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection on stable antiretroviral regimens. Emerging reports suggest that distinct hepatic impairment in efavirenz metabolism modulates oestrogenic activity, which may be potentiated by anti-tuberculosis therapy. Clinical application includes early recognition of efavirenz-induced gynaecomastia, especially after commencing tuberculosis treatment. To avoid decreased adherence resulting from the distressing side effect of gynecomastia, transition to an alternative ART regimen over the course of tuberculosis treatment should be considered.

  9. Effects of sudden commencement on the ionosphere: PFISR observations and global MHD simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Shasha; Ozturk, Dogacan; Varney, Roger; Reimer, Ashton

    2017-04-01

    Sudden commencement (SC) induced by solar wind pressure enhancement can produce significant global impact on the coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere (MI) system, and its effects have been studied extensively using ground magnetometers and coherent scatter radars. However, very limited observations have been reported about the effects of SC on the ionospheric plasma. Here we report detailed Poker Flat Incoherent Scatter Radar (PFISR) observations of the ionospheric response to SC during the 17 March 2015 storm. PFISR observed lifting of the F region ionosphere, transient field-aligned ion upflow, prompt but short-lived ion temperature increase, subsequent F region density decrease, and persistent electron temperature increase. A global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation has been carried out to characterize the SC-induced current, convection, and magnetic perturbations. Simulated magnetic perturbations at Poker Flat show a satisfactory agreement with observations. The simulation provides a global context for linking localized PFISR observations to large-scale dynamic processes in the MI system.

  10. Geomagnetic Sudden Commencement (SC) Events Observed at the Topside Ionosphere by ROCSAT from 1999 to 2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Shin-Yi; Kikuchi, Takashi

    Topside ionospheric plasma variations in response to the geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC) events observed by ROCSAT from 1999 to 2004 during the moderate to high solar activ-ity years have been studied. These SC events observed at the topside ionosphere indicate one particular feature in the flow and density variations. That is, large flow variations in the two mutually perpendicular directions of the geomagnetic field are observed in contrast to a nil vari-ation in the field-aligned flow and very little or no variation in ion density. These observations indicate that the SC events encountered by ROCSAT are the wave transit phenomena that are resulted from the disturbances at the magnetopause caused by the arrival of the interplan-etary discontinuity. These observed ionospheric variations in the local-time and dip-latitude distributions of the SC events are explained with the aid of a physical model of Araki [1994].

  11. Commencing open heart surgery in resource limited countries: lessons from the LASUTH experience.

    PubMed

    Oludara, Mobolaji Adewale; Nwiloh, Jonathan; Fabamwo, Adetokunbo; Adebola, Phillip

    2014-01-01

    The challenge of commencing cardiac surgery in developing countries of Africa is onerous. We present a model from the experience of carrying out open cardiac surgical procedures at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) with three separate missions between 2004 and 2006. This paper details the challenges of starting open heart surgery in a resource limited environment. We propose that owing to the huge financial investment needed, government sponsorship as well as collaboration with overseas based and local non-governmental agencies may be required to jump start the process of open cardiac surgery. Local staff training opportunities are also provided by such missions and this can further be complemented by overseas exposure in areas of need for capacity building. In our centre, the initial investment has led to the recruitment of additional trained staff including 2 cardiothoracic surgeons. Further benefits of training of 2 perfusionists and a nurse has improved capacity in cardiac surgery service at our center.

  12. Pregnancy Outcomes According to Dialysis Commencing Before or After Conception in Women with ESRD

    PubMed Central

    Grace, Blair S.; McDonald, Stephen P.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background and objectives Pregnancy in ESRD is rare and poses substantial risk for mother and baby. This study describes a large series of pregnancies in women undergoing long-term dialysis treatment and reviews maternal and fetal outcomes. Specifically, women who had conceived before and after starting long-term dialysis are compared. Design, setting, participants, & measurement All pregnancies reported to the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplantation Registry from 2001 to 2011 (n=77), following the introduction of specific parenthood data collection, were analyzed. Results Between 2001 and 2011, there were 77 pregnancies among 73 women. Of these, 53 pregnancies were in women who conceived after long-term dialysis was established and 24 pregnancies occurred before dialysis began. The overall live birth rate (after exclusion of elective terminations) was 73%. In pregnancies reaching 20 weeks gestation, the live birth rate was 82%. Women who conceived before dialysis commenced had significantly higher live birth rates (91% versus 63%; P=0.03), but infants had similar birthweight and gestational age. This difference in live birth rate was primarily due to higher rates of early pregnancy loss before 20 weeks in women who conceived after dialysis was established. In pregnancies that reached 20 weeks or more, the live birth rate was higher in women with conception before dialysis commenced (91% versus 76%; P=0.28). Overall, the median gestational age was 33.8 weeks (interquartile range, 30.6–37.6 weeks) and median birthweight was 1750 g (interquartile range, 1130–2417 g). More than 40% of pregnancies reached >34 weeks’ gestation; prematurity at <28 weeks was 11.4% and 28-day neonatal survival rate was 98%. Conclusions Women with kidney disease who start long-term dialysis after conception have superior live birth rates compared with those already established on dialysis at the time of conception, although these pregnancies remain high risk

  13. The LISA Project at NASA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stebbins, Robin T.

    2008-01-01

    Although officially in early Phase A, LISA is currently classified as "under-study" at NASA. It has a very high recommendation from the 2000 decadal survey. and has received strong endorsements at all reviews. Mission formulation and technology development continue at modest levels. The Project is starting preparations for the next decadal survey, expected to commence in 2009.

  14. Australia's First Public Private Partnership School Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Peter

    2004-01-01

    The design and construction of nine schools has commenced in Australia using a Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) methodology. This is the first project in Australia where social infrastructure has been acquired in this way. The Australian project is being managed by the New South Wales (NSW) State Government through its Department of Education…

  15. Australia's First Public Private Partnership School Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Peter

    2004-01-01

    The design and construction of nine schools has commenced in Australia using a Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) methodology. This is the first project in Australia where social infrastructure has been acquired in this way. The Australian project is being managed by the New South Wales (NSW) State Government through its Department of Education…

  16. Understanding the Early Transition Needs of Diverse Commencing University Students in a Health Faculty: Informing Effective Intervention Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Keithia L.; Murphy, Karen A.; Pearson, Andrew G.; Wallace, Barbara M.; Reher, Vanessa G. S.; Buys, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    The engagement and retention of commencing students is a longstanding issue in higher education, particularly with the implementation of the widening student participation agenda. The early weeks of the first semester are especially critical to student engagement and early attrition. This study investigated the perceived early transition needs of…

  17. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which...

  18. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which...

  19. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which...

  20. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which...

  1. 46 CFR 35.35-40 - Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or if started shall be discontinued-TB/ALL. 35.35-40 Section 35.35-40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Cargo Handling § 35.35-40 Conditions under which...

  2. Understanding the Early Transition Needs of Diverse Commencing University Students in a Health Faculty: Informing Effective Intervention Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Keithia L.; Murphy, Karen A.; Pearson, Andrew G.; Wallace, Barbara M.; Reher, Vanessa G. S.; Buys, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    The engagement and retention of commencing students is a longstanding issue in higher education, particularly with the implementation of the widening student participation agenda. The early weeks of the first semester are especially critical to student engagement and early attrition. This study investigated the perceived early transition needs of…

  3. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Exemptions and Certifications § 501.63 Notice of the...

  4. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Exemptions and Certifications § 501.63 Notice of the...

  5. 10 CFR 501.63 - Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Notice of the commencement of an administrative proceeding on an exemption petition. 501.63 Section 501.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS Exemptions and Certifications § 501.63 Notice of the...

  6. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. 27.1213 Section 27.1213 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS...

  7. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. 27.1213 Section 27.1213 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS...

  8. 47 CFR 27.1213 - Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Designated entity provisions for BRS in Commission auctions commencing prior to January 1, 2004. 27.1213 Section 27.1213 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS...

  9. Ankylosing Spondylitis Patients Commencing Biologic Therapy Have High Baseline Levels of Comorbidity: A Report from the Australian Rheumatology Association Database

    PubMed Central

    Oldroyd, John; Schachna, Lionel; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Staples, Margaret; Murphy, Bridie; Bond, Molly; Briggs, Andrew; Lassere, Marissa; March, Lyn

    2009-01-01

    Aims. To compare the baseline characteristics of a population-based cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) commencing biological therapy to the reported characteristics of bDMARD randomised controlled trials (RCTs) participants. Methods. Descriptive analysis of AS participants in the Australian Rheumatology Association Database (ARAD) who were commencing bDMARD therapy. Results. Up to December 2008, 389 patients with AS were enrolled in ARAD. 354 (91.0%) had taken bDMARDs at some time, and 198 (55.9%) completed their entry questionnaire prior to or within 6 months of commencing bDMARDs. 131 (66.1%) had at least one comorbid condition, and 24 (6.8%) had a previous malignancy (15 nonmelanoma skin, 4 melanoma, 2 prostate, 1 breast, cervix, and bowel). Compared with RCT participants, ARAD participants were older, had longer disease duration and higher baseline disease activity. Conclusions. AS patients commencing bDMARDs in routine care are significantly different to RCT participants and have significant baseline comorbidities. PMID:20107564

  10. 25 CFR 226.18 - Information to be given surface owners prior to commencement of drilling operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS LEASING OF OSAGE RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Operations § 226.18... and staking of a well, no operations of any kind shall commence until the lessee or his/her authorized..., except for the surveying and staking of the well. At such meeting lessee or his/her...

  11. 26 CFR 301.6365-2 - Commencement and cessation of applicability of subchapter E to individual taxpayers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Commencement and cessation of applicability of subchapter E to individual taxpayers. 301.6365-2 Section 301.6365-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Seizure of...

  12. H.R. 657: A Bill to extend the deadline under the Federal Power Act applicable to the construction of three hydroelectric projects in the State of Arkansas. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-31

    This legislation proposes extending the deadlines for commencement of construction of three FERC hydroelectric projects in the state of Arkansas for a maximum of three consecutive two year terms. The projects are identified as FERC projects 4204, 4660, and 4659.

  13. Sexuality and relationship changes in married females following the commencement of bisexual activity.

    PubMed

    Dixon, J K

    1985-01-01

    Some of the changes in sexual behavior and relationships with spouses and other females following the commencement of bisexual activity by women after the age of 30 were studied by conducting in-depth personal interviews with 50 women. Each participant, at the time of her first sexual activity with another female: (a) was married; (b) was at least 30; (c) was, with her spouse, engaging in consensual swinging activities; (d) was enjoying sex with males; and (e) had no history, prior to age 30, of sexual attraction to females. Generally, the subjects revealed high levels of participation in, and enjoyment of, sexual activity with other females, in addition to high levels of enjoyable heterosexual activity. Their generally happy and stable marriages tended somewhat to improve, as did their overall sex lives, and they saw their relationships with other females as significantly improved. Significant changes in sexual fantasies occurred. In all cases, sexual orientation became bisexual, but overall preference for male sex partners did not change.

  14. Toward a standardized definition of geomagnetic sudden impulses and storm sudden commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamide, Y.; Joselyn, J. A.

    In an attempt to resolve some ambiguity in defining geomagnetic sudden impulses (Sis) and storm sudden commencements (SSCs) using the existing phenomenological definition (see, for example, Mayaud and Romana [1977]; Mayaud [1980]), Joselyn and Tsurutani [1990] recently constructed a scheme in which SSCs are a subset of Sis, depending on the magnitude of subsequent geomagnetic activity. For quantitative application, they have proposed that an SI be specified as a sharp change (at least 10 nT in 3 minutes or less) observed nearly simultaneously (within a few minutes) in either component of the horizontal magnetic field at globally spaced observatories near 20° geomagnetic latitude. In addition, SSCs are those Sis followed within 24 hours by an hourly Dst index of at least -50 nT. Because the Dst index is not readily available, the recommended provisional alternative indicators are a 3-hourly Kp index of 5 or more and a half-daily a a index of 60 or more. Joselyn and Tsurutani [1990] have recommended these new quantitative definitions of the two terms (Sis and SSCs) for open discussion.

  15. Observations near the magnetopause at the onset of the July 29, 1977, sudden storm commencement

    SciTech Connect

    Knott, K.; Fairfield, D.; Korth, A.; Young, D.T.

    1982-08-01

    Observations by GEOS 1, supported by data collected by IMP 7, IMP 8, and ATS 6 during the July 29, 1977, sudden storm commencement (SSC) have been used to derive the magnetopause's position (7.8R/sub E/ before and 6.1 R/sub E/ after the SSC), velocity (inward speed of about 95 km/s by two independent methods) and thickness (approx.500 km measured by the change in drift pattern). Particle, field and wave data from GEOS 1 have been used to establish the satellite's position with respect to the magnetopause. After the initial crossing of the magnetopause, the satellite remained in the magnetosheath for most of the interval considered, occasionally encountering what are interpreted as 'open magnetic field lines.' When the spacecraft was in the magnetosheath, duskward plasma flows tangential to the magnetopause are derived from our electric field measurements. The flow velocity was higher during periods when the interplanetary magnetic field assumed a southward component as compared to periods when a northward component was present. On three occasions, an environment was encountered which was neither typical magnetospheric or magnetosheath-like. It is argued that in the instances GEOS 1 either reentered the magnetosphere or encountered a 'magnetic island,' caused by a tearing mode instability at the magnetopause. The electric field dropped to zero or very small values in these instances.

  16. Response of ionospheric electric fields at mid-low latitudes during sudden commencements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, N.; Kasaba, Y.; Shinbori, A.; Nishimura, Y.; Kikuchi, T.; Ebihara, Y.; Nagatsuma, T.

    2015-06-01

    Using in situ observations from the Republic of China Satellite-1 spacecraft, we investigated the time response and local time dependence of the ionospheric electric field at mid-low latitudes associated with geomagnetic sudden commencements (SCs) that occurred from 1999 to 2004. We found that the ionospheric electric field variation associated with SCs instantaneously responds to the preliminary impulse (PI) signature on the ground regardless of spacecraft local time. Our statistical analysis also supports the global instant transmission of electric field from the polar region. In contrast, the peak time detected in the ionospheric electric field is earlier than that of the equatorial geomagnetic field (~20 s before in the PI phase). Based on the ground-ionosphere waveguide model, this time lag can be attributed to the latitudinal difference of ionospheric conductivity. However, the local time distribution of the initial excursion of ionospheric electric field shows that dusk-to-dawn ionospheric electric fields develop during the PI phase. Moreover, the westward electric field in the ionosphere, which produces the preliminary reverse impulse of the geomagnetic field on the dayside feature, appears at 18-22 h LT where the ionospheric conductivity beyond the duskside terminator (18 h LT) is lower than on the dayside. The result of a magnetohydrodynamic simulation for an ideal SC shows that the electric potential distribution is asymmetric with respect to the noon-midnight meridian. This produces the local time distribution of ionospheric electric fields similar to the observed result, which can be explained by the divergence of the Hall current under nonuniform ionospheric conductivity.

  17. Coronal Mass Ejection-driven Shocks and the Associated Sudden Commencements-sudden Impulses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veenadhari, B.; Selvakumaran, R.; Singh, Rajesh; Maurya, Ajeet K.; Gopalswamy, N.; Kumar, Sushil; Kikuchi, T.

    2012-01-01

    Interplanetary (IP) shocks are mainly responsible for the sudden compression of the magnetosphere, causing storm sudden commencement (SC) and sudden impulses (SIs) which are detected by ground-based magnetometers. On the basis of the list of 222 IP shocks compiled by Gopalswamy et al., we have investigated the dependence of SC/SIs amplitudes on the speed of the coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that drive the shocks near the Sun as well as in the interplanetary medium. We find that about 91% of the IP shocks were associated with SC/SIs. The average speed of the SC/SI-associated CMEs is 1015 km/s, which is almost a factor of 2 higher than the general CME speed. When the shocks were grouped according to their ability to produce type II radio burst in the interplanetary medium, we find that the radio-loud (RL) shocks produce a much larger SC/SI amplitude (average approx. 32 nT) compared to the radio-quiet (RQ) shocks (average approx. 19 nT). Clearly, RL shocks are more effective in producing SC/SIs than the RQ shocks. We also divided the IP shocks according to the type of IP counterpart of interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs): magnetic clouds (MCs) and nonmagnetic clouds. We find that the MC-associated shock speeds are better correlated with SC/SI amplitudes than those associated with non-MC ejecta. The SC/SI amplitudes are also higher for MCs than ejecta. Our results show that RL and RQ type of shocks are important parameters in producing the SC/SI amplitude.

  18. Early Commencement of Enteral Feeds in Gastroschisis: A Systematic Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Dama, Madhuri; Rao, Uday; Gollow, Ian; Bulsara, Max; Rao, Shripada

    2017-01-23

    Introduction There are no evidence-based strategies to improve feed tolerance in gastroschisis. Early commencement of enteral feeds (CEF) is known to improve feed tolerance in preterm infants. It is possible that infants with gastroschisis may also benefit from early CEF. Objectives To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the relationship between time of CEF, and time to reach full enteral feeds (FEF), duration of parenteral nutrition (PN), and duration of hospital stay (HS). Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and relevant conference abstracts were searched in December 2015. Studies of any design reporting on time to CEF and one or more of the outcomes of interest were included. Meta-regression analysis was conducted to find the association between time to CEF and the outcomes of interest. Results There were no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing early (≤7 days from birth) versus delayed (>7 days) CEF. Forty-two observational studies on gastroschisis (4,835 infants) where feed-related information was available were included. Meta-regression results indicated that each day delay in CEF was associated with a delay of an additional 1.4 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.95, 1.85) to FEF, 2.05 days (95% CI: 1.50, 2.59) to the duration of PN, and 1.91 days (95% CI: 1.37, 2.45) to the duration of HS. Sensitivity analysis after excluding studies that provided information exclusively on complex gastroschisis continued to show beneficial effects of early CEF. Conclusions Early CEF may be associated with early attainment of FEF in gastroschisis. RCTs comparing early versus delayed CEF are needed urgently. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Ionospheric Electric Field Perturbations at the Nightside Equator Associated With a Geomagnetic Sudden Commencement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shinohara, M.; Kikuchi, T.; Nozaki, K.; Yumoto, K.

    2002-12-01

    Ionospheric electric field perturbations associated with a sudden commencement at 1640 UT Apr. 6, 2000 were observed by the FM-CW HF radar at the dip equator station Cebu, Philippine. Ionograms were obtained from the FM-CW HF radar at intervals of 5 minutes. The zonal electric field can be estimated from the time variation of the height profile of ionograms. A sudden increase in the westward electric field of 1.6 mV/m was observed simultaneously with the sudden increases in the H component magnetic field of 250 and 110 nT at the dayside dip equatorial station Ancon, Peru and the dayside off dip equatorial station Eusebio, Brazil, respectively. The amplitude enhancement of the magnetic variation at the dip equator suggest that an eastward electric field was imposed at the dayside equatorial ionosphere. Both the dayside and nightside electric field perturbations show that the dawn to dusk electric field of DP(MI) was imposed globally on the equatorial ionosphere. The HF Doppler frequency shift was observed at the nightside low latitude station Sugadaira, Japan. From the frequency deviation, it is found that a westward electric field of 2.0 mV/m was suddenly imposed at the beginning of the sc. The amplitude of the westward electric field observed at the nightside equator is 0.8 times that at the nightside low latitude station. It can be caused by the geometrical attenuation [Kikuchi et al., 1978, Nature]. The direction of the zonal electric field observed at Cebu was reversed from westward to eastward and returned westward again. The electric field at Sugardaira shows similar temporal variations. These variations were well correlated with fluctuations of solar wind number density. The eastward electric field may be caused by the over shielding effect of the region 2 field-aligned current [Kikuchi et al., 2000, JGR]. Acknowledgement. The HF Doppler data was provided by Sugadaira Space Radio Observatory, Univ. Electro-Comm.

  20. 5 CFR 842.708 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 842.708 Section 842.708... of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a... 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1994, the lump-sum credit payable under § 842.705 is payable to...

  1. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses of Deceased Separated Employees A...—Present Value Conversion Factors for Earlier Commencing Date of Annuities of Current and Former Spouses...

  2. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Energy... Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or That Commenced... addition was delayed indefinitely. Table 6 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for...

  3. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Energy... Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or That Commenced... addition was delayed indefinitely. Table 6 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for...

  4. 40 CFR Table 7 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning... Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or Reconstruction or Modification... indefinitely. Table 7 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced...

  5. 40 CFR Table 7 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Waste-burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Waste-burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or Reconstruction or Modification After August 7... to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for Waste-burning Kilns That Commenced Construction...

  6. 40 CFR Table 7 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning... Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or Reconstruction or Modification... indefinitely. Table 7 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced...

  7. 5 CFR 842.708 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 842.708 Section 842.708... of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a...

  8. 5 CFR 842.708 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 842.708 Section 842.708... of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a...

  9. 5 CFR 842.708 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 842.708 Section 842.708... of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a...

  10. 5 CFR 842.708 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 842.708 Section 842.708... of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a...

  11. 5 CFR 831.2208 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 831.2208 Section 831.2208... annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a) Except as provided in paragraph...

  12. 5 CFR 831.2208 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 831.2208 Section 831.2208... annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a) Except as provided in paragraph...

  13. 5 CFR 831.2208 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 831.2208 Section 831.2208... annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a) Except as provided in paragraph...

  14. 5 CFR 831.2208 - Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Partial deferred payment of the lump-sum credit if annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. 831.2208 Section 831.2208... annuity commences after December 2, 1989, and before October 1, 1995. (a) Except as provided in paragraph...

  15. Follow-up study for a disease management program for chronic heart failure 24 months after program commencement.

    PubMed

    Otsu, Haruka; Moriyama, Michiko

    2012-12-01

    There are few studies dealing with comprehensive chronic heart failure (CHF) disease management programs, which are based on self-management, in Japan. We developed and conducted a comprehensive educational program for CHF for 6 months that aimed to improve self-management and prevent the deterioration of outpatients with CHF. Our follow-up research focused on whether performance of self-management in the intervention group continued for 24 months after commencement. Participants were selected from patients who went for follow-up visits to one Japanese clinic, which specialized in cardiovascular internal medicine, that were diagnosed with CHF. During the first follow-up period, 7 to 12 months after program commencement, 47 participants in the intervention group and 47 participants in the control group were analyzed. During the second follow-up period, 13 to 24 months after program commencement, 41 participants in the intervention group were analyzed. Participants in the intervention group acquired self-management skills and activities and these continued up to 24 months after the program commencement. As a result, no deterioration in symptoms related to CHF was demonstrated. Meanwhile, quitting smoking and drinking depended on individual preference and it was difficult to improve. The educational program was effective in the long term and the program is significant for use in busy medical situations that do not offer sufficient follow-up support for patients. Regular intervention and ways that produce longer-lasting effects should be further developed. © 2011 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2011 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  16. A national survey of nurse training: Confidence and competence in educating patients commencing methotrexate therapy.

    PubMed

    Robinson, Sandra; Hassell, Andrew; Ryan, Sarah; Adams, Nicola; Walker, David

    2017-09-01

    Methotrexate is routinely used to treat active disease in inflammatory arthritis. There have previously been patient safety concerns associated with methotrexate usage in practice. Most patients commencing methotrexate treatment are seen by the rheumatology nurse, to receive education (often referred to as drug counselling) on this agent prior to starting treatment. Yet, there are no recommended criteria regarding education or experience to ensure minimum competence of the rheumatology nurse. The objectives of the present survey were, firstly, to identify the relevant training experience of rheumatology nurses who provide methotrexate education and, secondly, to explore their confidence and competence in undertaking this role. A national electronic survey of rheumatology nurses, identified via the Royal College of Nursing Rheumatology Forum, national meetings and personal contacts, in order to access nurses who counsel patients on methotrexate, was carried out. A total of 104 nurses completed the survey. Reported training was highly variable, ranging from very little to having undertaken MSc courses. Knowledge of the drug was rated as the most important requirement. Confidence was largely very good and was reported to develop with experience, with 80% of participants reporting being confident after 1 year in the role. A small number of participants (four) indicated that they were 'not at all confident'. Aspects of competence and knowledge were assessed using questions on clinical situations; knowledge appeared to be good, with the exception of a question on shingles. Confidence correlated with knowledge (r = 0.21; p = 0.05), amount of training (r = 0.24; p = 0.03) and most strongly with time in the role (r = 0.74; p = 0.00001). The amount of training correlated with confidence but not with knowledge. All participants used written information, often using more than one source, with 87% of participants favouring the Arthritis Research UK information leaflet on

  17. The dynamic response of geomagnetic sudden commencement to tectonic zone and large earthquakes in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, X.; Zheng, J.; Wang, Z.; Lin, Y.

    2009-12-01

    Based on the skin effect of EM waves, geomagnetic storm variations can be used to study the subsurface tectonic structure and faulting to have information of penetration view of the earth’s interior. We collected geomagnetic storm report data for 8 years 2000-2007 from 35 geomagnetic stations in China and calculated the amplitude of the vertical component of geomagnetic storm sudden commencement (△Zssc) to study the correlations between △Zssc and the occurrence of Ms=6.0-8.1 earthquakes in China and its vicinity (70-140°E, 15-55°N) in the period of Year 2000 to 2008. We found that there were significant correlations between the spatial distribution of amplitude changes of △Zssc, fault activity and occurrence of large earthquakes. Our study provides a method to monitor possibility of medium-to-short term (0.5-12 months) earthquake. There are 5 △Zssc zero isoporic lines delineating 5 areas normally distributed in China where we called Zero Isoporic Zone (ZIZ) as following, and apparently they coincide with several tectonic zones and seismic gaps from the past 60 years. 1.△Zssc zero isoporic line in eastern China, extending along the rivers of Heilongjiang and Yalu - Eastern Coastal Area - Taiwan Strait - the South China Sea. 2. ZIZ in Luliang Mountain area, where is east to the Great Bend of the Yellow River; 3. ZIZ in Wuling Mountain area is in south of Yangtze River; 4. ZIZ in Longmenshan Fault Zone in central China. This is one area to note in particular. 5. ZIZ in Middle and South Yunnan region. Longmenshan fault zone located at the geographic center of China, where is a seismic sensitive band to correspond to great earthquakes of around Ms8.0. On May 12, 2008, Wenchuan Earthquake of Ms 8.0 occurred in this area. We noticed that, over the period of January 2000 to May 2008, in 5 great earthquakes of Ms=7.8-8.1 in China and its vicinity, 2 to 5 months before the earthquakes, the ZIZ in Longmenshan Fault Zone showed the translation and deformation

  18. AIDS-defining illnesses: a comparison between before and after commencement of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

    PubMed

    Lian, Yvonne Lim Ai; Heng, Benedict Sim Lim; Nissapatorn, Veeranoot; Lee, Christopher

    2007-09-01

    Attempts to address the significant impact of HAART on medical variables on the Malaysian HIV/AIDS population have yet to be evaluated. This study aims to analyze the proportions of AIDS-defining illnesses (ADIs) before and after HAART. A retrospective study was carried out on 128 new cases of HIV infected patients who first commenced HAART in 2004 at the national HIV reference center. Before commencement of HAART, 76 clinical episodes of ADIs were recorded in 52 patients. Most common being pulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (28.9%), PCP (27.6%) and disseminated and extrapulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (11.8%). During HAART, 8 clinical episodes of ADIs were documented in 7 patients with a median time of onset of 10 weeks after initiation of HAART (range, 4-36 weeks). The median CD4 count at the time of the commencement of HAART for these patients was 11 cells/mm(3). ADIs reported include PCP (2 episodes), disseminated and extrapulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (2 episodes), extrapulmonary cryptococcosis (1 episode), esophageal candidiasis (1 episode), recurrent pneumonia (1 episode) and disseminated or extrapulmonary histoplasmosis (1 episode). Three (37.5%) of these occurred despite a reduction of viral load by at least 2 log(10) and an increased in the CD4 cell count. In conclusion, ADIs can still present after the initiation of successful HAART especially in those with CD4 counts below 100 cells/mm(3). In Malaysia, ADIs are the major causes of HIV/AIDS associated morbidity and mortality, thus increased awareness on the management of these illnesses is warranted especially in the months following HAART.

  19. The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg; Starkopf, Liis; Sessa, Maurizio; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik; Bøggild, Henrik; Lange, Theis; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2017-09-11

    Some studies have found positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. Pupils' academic achievements should indicate scholastic abilities to commence a post-compulsory education. However, the effect magnitude of physical fitness and academic achievements on commencement in post-compulsory education is unknown. We examined the pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on pupils' commencement in post-compulsory education. This historical cohort study followed 530 girls and 554 boys from the Danish municipality of Aalborg in the period 2008-2014, 13 to 15 years old in 2010. Physical fitness was assessed through a watt-max cycle ergometer test represented as VO2max (mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)). Academic achievement, commencement status and information on covariates were obtained from Danish nationwide registers. Causal inference based mediation analysis was used to investigate the indirect and direct pathways by separating the total effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement. Adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status, the overall mediation analysis showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.87 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30; 2.73) for the total effect, corresponding to an increase in odds of post-compulsory education commencement when the physical fitness was increased by 10 units of VO2max. The separated total effect showed a natural direct OR of 1.36 (95% CI: 0.93; 1.98) and a natural indirect (i.e., through academic achievement) OR of 1.37 (95% CI: 1.20; 1.57). Thus, 51% (95% CI: 27%; 122%) of the effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement was mediated through academic achievement. Physical fitness had a positive effect on post-compulsory education commencement. A substantial part of this effect was mediated through academic achievement.

  20. Project: "Project!"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grayson, Katherine

    2007-01-01

    In November 2006, the editors of "Campus Technology" launched their first-ever High-Resolution Projection Study, to find out if the latest in projector technology could really make a significant difference in teaching, learning, and educational innovation on US campuses. The author and her colleagues asked campus educators,…

  1. Project: "Project!"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grayson, Katherine

    2007-01-01

    In November 2006, the editors of "Campus Technology" launched their first-ever High-Resolution Projection Study, to find out if the latest in projector technology could really make a significant difference in teaching, learning, and educational innovation on US campuses. The author and her colleagues asked campus educators,…

  2. Timing of CD8+ T cell responses in relation to commencement of capillary leakage in children with dengue.

    PubMed

    Dung, Nguyen Thi Phuong; Duyen, Huynh Thi Le; Thuy, Nguyen Thi Van; Ngoc, Tran Van; Chau, Nguyen Van Vinh; Hien, Tran Tinh; Rowland-Jones, Sarah L; Dong, Tao; Farrar, Jeremy; Wills, Bridget; Simmons, Cameron P

    2010-06-15

    Immune activation is a feature of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and CD8+ T cell responses in particular have been suggested as having a role in the vasculopathy that characterizes this disease. By phenotyping CD8+ T cells (CD38+/HLA-DR+, CD38+/Ki-67+, or HLA-DR+/Ki-67+) in serial blood samples from children with dengue, we found no evidence of increased CD8+ T cell activation prior to the commencement of resolution of viremia or hemoconcentration. Investigations with MHC class I tetramers to detect NS3(133-142)-specific CD8+ T cells in two independent cohorts of children suggested the commencement of hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia in DHF patients generally begins before the appearance of measurable frequencies of NS3(133-142)-specific CD8+ T cells. The temporal mismatch between the appearance of measurable surface activated or NS3(133-142)-specific CD8+ T cells suggests that these cells are sequestered at sites of infection, have phenotypes not detected by our approach, or that other mechanisms independent of CD8+ T cells are responsible for early triggering of capillary leakage in children with DHF.

  3. Bronx Zoo cogeneration project

    SciTech Connect

    Rivet, P.H.

    1988-09-01

    The New York Zoological Society commenced feasibility studies for a proposed cogeneration and district heating system for the Bronz Zoo in spring 1982. Early studies focused on evaluating the Zoo's energy loads, infrastructure, and energy delivery and financing systems. The Zoological Society and New York City joined in the decision to support the construction of a system which would serve not only the Bronx Zoo but also five nearby City-funded installations, including the adjacent New York Botanical Garden. Since the submission of that study, the project has been modified in scope, scaling back to a generating capacity designed to serve only the Bronz Zoo.

  4. Senior nurse role expectations of graduate registered and enrolled nurses on commencement to practice.

    PubMed

    Jacob, Elisabeth R; McKenna, Lisa; D'Amore, Angelo

    2014-09-01

    This paper reports on a project to examine the expectations of senior nurses regarding graduate roles of registered and enrolled nurses educated in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed an online survey to indicate whether predetermined competencies were in the roles of graduate enrolled or registered nurses or not in the role of either nurse. Chi-squared analysis was used to identify differences between participant groups. Participants expressed variations in role expectations for the different level of graduate nurse. Although basic nursing care was undertaken by both graduate enrolled and registered nurses, no specific role was identified for enrolled nurses. Differences were found in the opinions of senior nurses over the roles of graduate nurses, demonstrating considerable variation in expectations. Management, education and research roles were not identified as the role of either nurse on graduation. Differences were found in the expectations of the different senior nurse groups regarding the roles of the enrolled nurse, particularly in the new skills taught in the enrolled nurse diploma program. Confusion exists regarding the roles of both types of nurse on graduation. Further research across Australia is required to clarify the roles of the different level of nurse in different practice contexts.

  5. Commencement of Geoparks, Geology day and International Earth Science Olympiad, IYPE in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsukuda, Eikichi; Kodama, Kisaburo; Miyazaki, Teruki

    2010-05-01

    The GSJ is the main supporting organization of IYPE Japan, which is an implementation body of IYPE in Japan, serving as its secretariat. During the IYPE triennial activity, the GSJ has been supporting development of Geparks, establishment of "the Geology Day" and the Earth Science Olympiad activities with some academic societies, and has distributed geological maps with IYPE logo. The GSJ also established an outreach network "Geo-networks Tsukuba" as a local legacy of the IYPE, and has managed it with a local government, research organizations, nonprofit corporations and local media to increase geological and environmental literacy of public, especially among young people. The GSJ-AIST has also contributed internationally to IYPE by joining two international projects, OneGeology and the CCOP Book project. Geoparks in Japan are characterized by following features. The Japanese Islands and the surrounding seas are situated in the area of unique geologic features; the place where several tectonic plates meet and collide. This causes earthquakes and volcanic activities, and makes Japan one of most dynamic areas on the earth. The dynamics of the earth bring about not only geological hazards but also a lot of blessings. In August of 2009, three Geoparks, the Toya Caldera and Usu Volcano Geopark, the Itoigawa Geopark and the Unzen Volcanic Area Geopark, were accepted to join the Global Geopark Network from Japan for the first time. Since its launch in 2006, the GSJ has been playing a major role in promoting Geoparks in Japan together with Geological Society of Japan. The GSJ hosts the Japan Geopark Committee (JGC) for quality evaluation, serving as the information center of Geoparks in Japan. The Geology Day of Japan (10th of May) has been set up by the academic societies for geology in Japan and GSJ in 2007. The Geology Day is expected to provide the chances for the public to enjoy field trips and excursions and to understand the importance of geo-diversity. The Day

  6. Cluster commences operations : first exciting results to be announced at a media event in Paris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2001-02-01

    During the meeting, the ESA Director of Science Professor Roger-Maurice Bonnet and representatives of the Cluster project and the science teams will summarise Cluster's quest to investigate the Sun-Earth connection, describe the current status of this unique mission and present some of the exciting results that have already been obtained from the mini-flotilla. Cluster Background Launched in pairs last summer, the Cluster quartet - Salsa, Samba, Rumba and Tango - have recently completed a highly complex check-out which involved 105 separate spacecraft manoeuvres - an all-time record. After deployment of 16 45-metre wire booms and in-orbit testing of 44 scientific instruments (two more world records), the commissioning phase is now completed and scientists are beginning to see the fruits of their labour. During the next two years, Cluster will join ESA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft in exploring the interaction between Earth's magnetic field and the electrically charged particles swept along in the solar wind. This will be a particularly hectic and exciting period, since it coincides with the peak of the 11-year cycle of solar activity. At such times, explosive solar flares and coronal mass ejections buffet our planet, potentially causing widespread power cuts, disrupting radio and satellite communications and generating colourful auroral displays. By flying in tetrahedral formation, the Cluster quartet will provide the most detailed information ever obtained about the physical processes that take place as swarms of energetic particles invade near-Earth space. For the first time, scientists will be able to study in three dimensions the rapidly unfolding events taking place between 19 000 and 119 000 kilometres above our heads.

  7. Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state.

    PubMed

    Lane, Stephen C; Bird, Stephen R; Burke, Louise M; Hawley, John A

    2013-02-01

    It is presently unclear whether the reported ergogenic effect of a carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinse on cycling time-trial performance is affected by the acute nutritional status of an individual. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a CHO mouth rinse on a 60-min simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state. Twelve competitive male cyclists each completed 4 experimental trials using a double-blinded Latin square design. Two trials were commenced 2 h after a meal that contained 2.5 g·kg(-1) body mass of CHO (FED) and 2 after an overnight fast (FST). Prior to and after every 12.5% of total time during a performance ride, either a 10% maltodextrin (CHO) or a taste-matched placebo (PLB) solution was mouth rinsed for 10 s then immediately expectorated. There were significant main effects for both pre-ride nutritional status (FED vs. FST; p < 0.01) and CHO mouth rinse (CHO vs. PLB; p < 0.01) on power output with an interaction evident between the interventions (p < 0.05). The CHO mouth rinse improved mean power to a greater extent after an overnight fast (282 vs. 273 W, 3.4%; p < 0.01) compared with a fed state (286 vs. 281 W, 1.8%; p < 0.05). We concluded that a CHO mouth rinse improved performance to a greater extent in a fasted compared with a fed state; however, optimal performance was achieved in a fed state with the addition of a CHO mouth rinse.

  8. A Proposal for an Individualized Pharmacogenetic-Guided Warfarin Dosage Regimen for Puerto Rican Patients Commencing Anticoagulation Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Bosch, Luis Ángel Bermúdez

    2014-01-01

    Warfarin is the current standard of care in oral anticoagulation therapy. It is commonly prescribed to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and to decrease the risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation. Warfarin therapy is challenging because of marked and often unpredictable inter-individual dosing variations that effectively reach and maintain adequate anticoagulation. Several researchers have developed pharmacogenetic-guided maintenance dose algorithms that incorporate genetics and individual patient characteristics. However, there is limited information available concerning dosing during warfarin initiation. This is considered the most clinically challenging therapeutic phase. In such, the risk of recurrent thromboembolism and hemorrhage are elevated. The objective of this retrospective study is to predict the individual initial doses for Puerto Rican patients (n=175) commencing anticoagulation therapy at Veterans Affairs Caribbean Healthcare System (VACHS) using pharmacogenetic/pharmacokinetic-driven model. A pharmacogenetic driven model (R2=0.4809) was developed in Puerto Rican patients and combined with pharmacokinetic formulas that enabled us to predict the individual initial doses for patients (n=121) commencing anticoagulation therapy. WinNonlin® pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic simulations were carried out to determine the predictability of this model. This model demonstrated promising results with few (n=10) simulations outside of their respective therapy range. A customized pharmacogenetic-based warfarin maintenance dose algorithm (R2=0.7659) was developed in a derivation cohort of 131 patients. The predictability of this developed pharmacogenetic algorithm was compared with the International Warfarin Pharmacogenomics Consortium (IWPC) algorithm and it demonstrated superior predictability within our study population. PMID:25285240

  9. The medical schools outcomes database project: Australian medical student characteristics.

    PubMed

    Kaur, Baldeep; Carberry, Angela; Hogan, Nathaniel; Roberton, Don; Beilby, Justin

    2014-08-29

    Global medical workforce requirements highlight the need for effective workforce planning, with the overall aims being to alleviate doctor shortages and prevent maldistribution. The Medical Schools Outcomes Database and Longitudinal Tracking (MSOD) Project provides a foundation for evaluating outcomes of medical education programs against specified workforce objectives (including rural and areas of workforce needs), assisting in medical workforce planning, and provision of a national research resource. This paper describes the methodology and baseline results for the MSOD project. The MSOD Project is a prospective longitudinal multiple-cohort study. The project invites all commencing and completing Australian medical students to complete short questionnaires. Participants are then asked to participate in four follow-up surveys at 1, 3, 5 and 8 years after graduation. Since 2005, 30,635 responses for medical students (22,126 commencing students and 8,509 completing students) in Australia have been collected. To date, overall eligible cohort response rates are 91% for commencing students, and 83% for completing students. Eighty three percent of completing medical student respondents had also completed a commencing questionnaire.Approximately 80% of medical students at Australian medical schools are Australian citizens. Australian medical schools have only small proportions of Indigenous students. One third of medical students speak a language other than English at home.The top three vocational choices for commencing medical students were surgery, paediatrics and child health and general practice. The top three vocational choices for completing students were surgery, adult medicine/ physician, and general practice. Overall, 75.7% of medical students changed their first career preference from commencement to exit from medical school.Most commencing and completing medical students wish to have their future medical practice in capital cities or in major urban centers

  10. Historical overview of the Biosphere 2 project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allen, John P.

    1990-01-01

    An extensive historical overview is given of the Biosphere 2 project. The overview begins in late 1969, as the moon landings commenced, when work began on ecological projects which laid the conceptual foundation for the current Biosphere 2 project. Continuing through to taking a complete functional suite of microbes together with their associated aquatic elements and an air volume and putting them inside a closed lab flask in which to measure the oxygen and CO2 levels, study energy flows and visually observe the changes therein. The laws of biospherics formulated by the author which can be tested in the Biosphere 2 project are listed.

  11. Bringing the World of Work and the Institutions of Education Closer Together. Two Commencement Addresses at The Ohio State University. Occasional Paper No. 28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wirtz, Willard; Ford, Gerald R.

    Two Ohio State University commencement addresses, one by former Secretary of Labor Willard Wirtz in March 1977 and the other by former President Gerald R. Ford in August 1974, deal with the topic of education and work. Willard Wirtz discusses the problems of unemployment among youth and the elderly and cites the need for national education/work…

  12. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Energy..., Table 6 Table 6 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for Energy Recovery Units That Commenced... determining compliance using this method Cadmium 0.023 milligrams per dry standard cubic meter...

  13. How Prepared are Students for Postgraduate Study? A Comparison of the Information Literacy Skills of Commencing Undergraduate and Postgraduate Information Studies Students at Curtin University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Kate

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a study comparing the information literacy skills of commencing undergraduate and postgraduate Information Studies students at Curtin University. The study was conducted by means of an online multiple choice survey, which students completed during the first few weeks of their course. The results show that a number of both…

  14. 40 CFR Table 7 to Subpart Cccc of... - Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning..., Table 7 Table 7 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60—Emission Limitations for Waste-Burning Kilns That Commenced... limit. b NOX limits for new waste-burning kilns based on data for best-performing similar source...

  15. Enhancements of magnetospheric convection electric field associated with sudden commencements in the inner magnetosphere and plasmasphere regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shinbori, A.; Ono, T.; Iizima, M.; Kumamoto, A.; Nishimura, Y.

    2006-01-01

    Electric field variations in the inner magnetosphere and plasmasphere regions associated with sudden commencements (SCs) are investigated by using the observation data of the Akebono satellite which has been carried out more than 15 years since 1989. 117 of 153 SC events in the low-latitude (MLAT < 45°) region, which occurred within a period from March 1989 to January 1996, showed a shift of the magnetospheric convection electric field with the magnitude of 0.1 3.2 mV/m about 1 min after the electric field signature with a bi-polar waveform due to the passage of fast-mode hydromagnetic (HM) waves. The increase of the convection electric field takes place in the entire magnetic local time sector in the inner magnetosphere. The amplitude does not depend on L-value and magnetic local time but is proportional to the SC amplitude measured at Kakioka. The majority of the electric field enhancements persist for about 4 14 min. The origin of the convection electric field in the inner magnetosphere is a plasma motion caused by the compression of the magnetosphere due to the solar wind shock and discontinuity.

  16. Commence Construction Under PSD

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  17. Supporting Primary and Secondary Beginning Teachers Online: Key Findings of the Education Alumni Support Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, T. W.; Harrington, I.; Smith, H. J.

    2010-01-01

    During 2005, the Education Alumni Support Project (EdASP) (Maxwell, Smith, Baxter, Boyd, Harrington, Jenkins, Sargeant & Tamatea 2006) provided online support for University of New England (UNE) graduand, and later, graduate, teachers as they commenced their careers. The project was based on research which reported that many beginning teachers…

  18. The epidemiology of ankylosing spondylitis and the commencement of anti‐TNF therapy in daily rheumatology practice

    PubMed Central

    Cruyssen, Bert Vander; Ribbens, Clio; Boonen, Annelies; Mielants, Herman; de Vlam, Kurt; Lenaerts, Jan; Steinfeld, Serge; Van den Bosch, Filip; Dewulf, Lode; Vastesaeger, Nathan

    2007-01-01

    Objectives This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in rheumatology practice at the beginning of the anti‐TNF (tumour necrosis factor) era, and to evaluate the initiation of anti‐TNF therapy in a clinical setting where prescription is regulated by the authority's imposed reimbursement criteria. Methods Between February 2004 and February 2005, all Belgian rheumatologists in academic and non‐academic outpatient settings were invited to register all AS patients who visited their practice. A random sample of these patients was further examined by an in‐depth clinical profile. In a follow‐up investigation, we recorded whether patients initiated anti‐TNF therapy and compared this to their eligibility at baseline evaluation. Results 89 rheumatologists participated and registered 2141 patients; 1023 patients were clinically evaluated. These 847 fulfilled the New York modified criteria for definite AS and 176 for probable AS. The profile of AS in rheumatology practice is characterised by longstanding and active disease with a high frequency of extra‐articular manifestations and metrological and functional impairment. At a median of 2 months after the clinical evaluation, anti‐TNF therapy was initiated in 263 of 603 (44%) evaluable patients with definite AS and in 22 of 138 (16%) evaluable patients with probable AS (total 38%). More than 85% of the patients who started anti‐TNF therapy had an increased Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index despite previous NSAID (non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drug) use. Conclusions Of a representative cohort of 1023 Belgian AS patients seen in daily rheumatology practice, about 40% commenced anti‐TNF therapy. Decision factors to start anti‐TNF therapy may include disease activity and severity. PMID:17261531

  19. A phase I study of daily treatment with a ceramide-dominant triple lipid mixture commencing in neonates.

    PubMed

    Lowe, Adrian J; Tang, Mimi Lk; Dharmage, Shyamali C; Varigos, George; Forster, Della; Gurrin, Lyle C; Robertson, Colin F; Abramson, Michael J; Allen, Katrina J; Su, John

    2012-04-04

    Defects in skin barrier function are associated with an increase risk of eczema and atopic sensitisation. Ceramide-dominant triple lipid mixture may improve and maintain the infant skin barrier function, and if shown to be safe and feasible, may therefore offer an effective approach to reduce the incidence of eczema and subsequent atopic sensitisation. We sort to assess the safety and compliance with daily application of a ceramide-dominant triple lipid formula (EpiCeram™) commencing in the neonatal period for the prevention of eczema. Ten infants (0-4 weeks of age) with a family history of allergic disease were recruited into an open-label, phase one trial of daily application of EpiCeram™ for six weeks. The primary outcomes were rate of compliance and adverse events. Data on development of eczema, and physiological properties of the skin (transepidermal water loss, hydration, and surface pH) were also measured. Eighty percent (8/10) of mothers applied the study cream on 80% or more of days during the six week intervention period. Though a number of adverse events unrelated to study product were reported, there were no adverse skin reactions to the study cream. These preliminary results support the safety and parental compliance with daily applications of a ceramide-dominant formula for the prevention of eczema, providing the necessary ground work for a randomised clinical trial to evaluate EpiCeram™ for the prevention of eczema. The study was listed at the Australian/New Zealand Clinical Trial Registry (ANZCTR): reg. no. ACTRN12609000727246.

  20. The near disappearance of genital warts in young women 4 years after commencing a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme.

    PubMed

    Read, Tim R H; Hocking, Jane S; Chen, Marcus Y; Donovan, Basil; Bradshaw, Catriona S; Fairley, Christopher K

    2011-12-01

    Australia provided free quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccines to 12-18-year-old girls and women aged ≤26 years from mid-2007 until the end of 2009. After this time, only girls aged 12-13 years had access to free vaccines. Before and after the study, of the proportion of new patients attending Melbourne Sexual Health Centre from mid-2004 to mid-2011, diagnosed with genital warts (GW) by risk group. From July 2004 to June 2011, 52 454 new patients were seen at Melbourne Sexual Health Centre and 5021 (9.6%, 95% CI 9.3% to 9.8%) were diagnosed with GW. From July 2004 to June 2007, the proportions with GW either increased or did not change in all groups. Comparing the two 12-month periods of 2007/2008 and 2010/2011, GW declined in women under 21 years from 18.6% to 1.9% and in heterosexual men under 21 years from 22.9% to 2.9%. The ORs per year for diagnosis of GW adjusted for number of sexual partners from July 2007 until June 2011 in women and heterosexual men <21 years were 0.44 (95% CI 0.32 to 0.58) and 0.42 (95% CI 0.31 to 0.60), respectively. There was no significant change in GW in women ≥30 years (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.12), heterosexual men ≥30 years (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.06) or in homosexual men (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.07). The dramatic decline and near disappearance of GW in women and men under 21 years of age, 4 years after commencing this programme, suggest that the basic reproductive rate has fallen below one.

  1. Global evolution and propagation of electric fields during sudden commencements based on multi-­point observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, N.; Kasaba, Y.; Nishimura, Y.; Shinbori, A.; Kikuchi, T.; Hori, T.; Nishitani, N.

    2016-12-01

    Sudden commencements (SCs) are triggered by an abrupt compression of the dayside magnetopause, which causes a fast mode wave propagating toward the Earth in the equatorial magnetosphere across the magnetic field line. The sudden compression also induces the Alfven wave propagation toward the polar ionosphere along magnetic field lines. The latter causes the global transmission of ionospheric electric field at speed of light, and can propagate the influence back to the inner and/or nightside magnetosphere. These general propagation processes have been demonstrated in previous papers using direct observations. We study the spatial and temporal evolution of electric fields and the direction of Poynting fluxes between the magnetosphere and ionosphere associated with SCs. We use multi-point magnetospheric and ionospheric satellites (THEMIS, RBSP, GOES, and C/NOFS) with radars (SuperDARN). An event study on 17 March 2013 shows that the magnetospheric electric field is propagated from dayside to nightside magnetosphere. At the onset time, the magnetospheric magnetic field starts to increase, which indicates that the detected electric field is associated with the compression of the magnetosphere. In the ionosphere, C/NOFS satellite and SuperDARN radar detect the dusk-to-dawn electric field about 1 min after the onset in the magnetosphere. Poynting fluxes evaluated from THEMIS and RBSP data are directed toward the ionosphere along magnetic field lines in both dayside and nightside, which indicates that the Alfven wave launches toward the polar ionosphere at the onset. The spatial evolution of magnetospheric electric fields can be interpreted as follows: First, the fast mode wave propagates from dayside to nightside magnetosphere, and 105-120 s after the onset, the magnetospheric convection becomes stronger. We also find that the spatial distribution of the response time is asymmetric between dawn and dusk, which can be due to the asymmetry of the plasmapause location.

  2. Screening for colorectal cancer in African Americans: determinants and rationale for an earlier age to commence screening.

    PubMed

    Carethers, John M

    2015-03-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is a cost-effective approach to reduce morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of CRC in populations. Current recommendations for asymptomatic populations begin screening at age 50 years, after which ~95% of cancers occur. Determinants that modify timing and frequency for screening include: personal/family history of adenomas or CRC, age of onset of lesions, and presence or potential to harbor high-risk conditions like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), or Lynch syndrome. Although race, like family history, is heritable, it has not engendered inclusion in systematic screening recommendations despite multiple studies demonstrating disparity in the incidence and mortality from CRC, and the potential for targeted screening to reduce disparity. African Americans, when compared to Caucasians, have lower CRC screening utilization, younger presentation for CRC, higher CRC prevalence at all ages, and higher proportion of CRCs before age 50 years (~11 vs. 5%); are less likely to transmit personal/family history of adenomas or CRC that may change screening age; show excess of high-risk proximal adenomas, matched with 7-15% excess right-sided CRCs that lack microsatellite instability; show higher frequencies of high-risk adenomas for every age decile; and demonstrate genetic biomarkers associated with metastasis. These epidemiological and biological parameters put African Americans at higher risk from CRC irrespective of socioeconomic issues, like IBD, FAP, and Lynch patients. Including race as a factor in national CRC screening guidelines and commencing screening at an age earlier than 50 years seems rational based on the natural history and aggressive behavior in this population.

  3. 18 CFR 5.8 - Notice of commencement of proceeding and scoping document, or of approval to use traditional...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) The decision of the Director of the Office of Energy Projects on any request to use the traditional... thereunder at 50 CFR part 402, section 305(b) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act...) Identification of the proposed action, including a description of the project's location, facilities, and...

  4. Time from HIV diagnosis to commencement of antiretroviral therapy as an indicator to supplement the HIV cascade: Dramatic fall from 2011 to 2015.

    PubMed

    Medland, Nicholas A; Chow, Eric P F; McMahon, James H; Elliott, Julian H; Hoy, Jennifer F; Fairley, Christopher K

    2017-01-01

    The HIV care cascade is increasingly used to evaluate HIV treatment programs at the population level. However, the cascade indicators lack the ability to show changes over time, which reduces their utility to guide health policy. Alternatives have been proposed but are complex or result in a delay in results. We propose a new indicator of ART uptake, the time from HIV diagnosis to commencement of ART, and compare it to the existing cascade indicator of proportion of patients on treatment and the WHO proposed cohort cascade indicator of proportion of patients on treatment within one year of diagnosis. Records from patients from the two largest HIV treatment centres in the state of Victoria, Australia (Melbourne Sexual Health Centre and The Alfred Hospital Department of Infectious Diseases) from 2011 to 2015 were extracted. The intervals between date of diagnosis, entry into care and initiation of ART were compared. From 2011 to 2015 the proportion of in-care patients who were on ART rose from 87% to 93% (p<0.0001). From 2011 to 2014, the proportion of patients in care and on ART within one year of diagnosis increased from 43.4% to 78.9% (p = 0.001). The median time from diagnosis to ART fell from 418 days (IQR: 91-1176) to 77 days (IQR: 39-290)(p<0.001) by calendar year in which ART was commenced. From 2011 to 2015 there were substantial and clinically important falls in the median time from diagnosis to commencing ART in those that commenced ART. The size of this dramatic change was not apparent when only reporting the proportion of patients on ART. Time to ART is a useful indicator and can be used to supplement existing cascade indicators in measuring progress toward universal ART coverage.

  5. A bill to reinstate and extend the deadline for commencement of construction of a hydroelectric project involving the American Falls Reservoir.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Risch, James E. [R-ID

    2010-03-10

    Senate - 05/24/2010 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 403. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. A bill to reinstate and extend the deadline for commencement of construction of a hydroelectric project involving the Little Wood River Ranch.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Risch, James E. [R-ID

    2010-03-10

    Senate - 05/24/2010 Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 404. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. European Union R&D Next Generation Photonic Crystal Fibres project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sansonetti, P.; Gasca, L.; Nouchi, P.

    2008-04-01

    This communication introduces Next Generation Photonic Crystal Fibres (NextGenPCF) Project consortium, objectives and activities. The Project consortium, comprising leading European industries and research institutes, aims to advance the state of the art in photonic crystal fibre technology, and utilize the new fibres in key Biomedical, Telecom and Sensing applications. This Integrated project, launched in the scope of the EU "Information Society Technology (IST)" programme commenced on June 1st 2006 and is to run for 3 years.

  8. Patient and Health Care Professional Decision-Making to Commence and Withdraw from Renal Dialysis: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

    PubMed Central

    Flemming, Kate; Murtagh, Fliss E.M.; Johnson, Miriam J.

    2015-01-01

    Background and objective To ensure that decisions to start and stop dialysis in ESRD are shared, the factors that affect patients and health care professionals in making such decisions must be understood. This systematic review sought to explore how and why different factors mediate the choices about dialysis treatment. Design, setting, participants, & measurements MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsychINFO were searched for qualitative studies of factors that affect patients’ or health care professionals’ decisions to commence or withdraw from dialysis. A thematic synthesis was conducted. Results Of 494 articles screened, 12 studies (conducted from 1985 to 2014) were included. These involved 206 patients (most receiving hemodialysis) and 64 health care professionals (age ranges: patients, 26–93 years; professionals, 26–61 years). For commencing dialysis, patients based their choice on "gut instinct," as well as deliberating over the effect of treatment on quality of life and survival. How individuals coped with decision-making was influential: Some tried to take control of the problem of progressive renal failure, whereas others focused on controlling their emotions. Health care professionals weighed biomedical factors and were led by an instinct to prolong life. Both patients and health care professionals described feeling powerless. With regard to dialysis withdrawal, only after prolonged periods on dialysis were the realities of life on dialysis fully appreciated and past choices questioned. By this stage, however, patients were physically dependent on treatment. As was seen with commencing dialysis, individuals coped with treatment withdrawal in a problem- or emotion-controlling way. Families struggled to differentiate between choosing versus allowing death. Health care teams avoided and queried discussions regarding dialysis withdrawal. Patients, however, missed the dialogue they experienced during predialysis education. Conclusions Decision-making in

  9. Physiotherapy Commenced Within the First Four Weeks Post-Spinal Surgery Is Safe and Effective: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Snowdon, Megan; Peiris, Casey L

    2016-02-01

    To determine whether physiotherapy commenced within the first 4 weeks post-spinal surgery is safe and effective. Electronic databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, AMED, PubMed, Embase, and PEDro were searched from the earliest date possible through May 2015. An additional trial was identified through reference list scanning. Controlled trials evaluating comprehensive physiotherapy rehabilitation commenced within 4 weeks postoperatively compared with a control group receiving no physiotherapy, standard postoperative care, rest, less active physiotherapy, or sham physiotherapy after spinal surgery of a musculoskeletal etiology. Two reviewers independently applied inclusion and exclusion criteria, with disagreements discussed until consensus could be reached. Searching identified 3162 potentially relevant articles, of which 4 trials with 250 participants met the inclusion criteria. Data were extracted using a predefined data extraction form. Methodological quality of trials was assessed independently by 2 reviewers using the Downs and Black checklist. Pooled analyses were performed using a random-effects model with inverse variance methods to calculate risk differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) (dichotomous outcomes), and standardized mean differences (SMDs) and 95% CIs (continuous outcomes). When compared with no or sham physiotherapy, early comprehensive physiotherapy did not increase the risk of adverse events (risk difference, -.01; 95% CI, -.07 to .05; I(2)=0%). In addition, there is moderate-quality evidence demonstrating a reduction in pain by a moderate and significant amount at 12 weeks (SMD=-.38; 95% CI, -.66 to -.10; I(2)=0%) and at 12+ months (SMD=-.30; 95% CI, -.59 to -.02; I(2)=0%). Early comprehensive physiotherapy commenced within the first 4 weeks post-spinal surgery does not increase the potential for an adverse event and leads to a moderate, statistically significant reduction in pain when compared with a control group. Copyright © 2016 American

  10. Thyroid function in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection before commencement of MDR-TB drug regimen.

    PubMed

    Ige, Olusoji Mayowa; Akinlade, Kehinde Sola; Rahamon, Sheu Kadiri; Edem, Victory Fabian; Arinola, Olatunbosun Ganiyu

    2016-06-01

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are known to cause abnormal thyroid function. There is little information on whether HIV infection aggravates alteration of thyroid function in patients with MDR-TB. This study was carried out to determine if HIV co-infection alters serum levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in patients with MDR-TB patients and to find out the frequency of subclinical thyroid dysfunction before the commencement of MDR-TB therapy. This observational and cross-sectional study involved all the newly admitted patients in MDR-TB Referral Centre, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria between July 2010 and December 2014. Serum levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (fT4) and free triiodothyronine (fT3) were determined using ELISA. Enrolled were 115 patients with MDR-TB, out of which 22 (19.13%) had MDR-TB/HIV co-infection. Sick euthyroid syndrome (SES), subclinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism were observed in 5 (4.35%), 9 (7.83%) and 2 (1.74%) patients respectively. The median level of TSH was insignificantly higher while the median levels of T3 and T4 were insignificantly lower in patients with MDR-TB/HIV co-infection compared with patients with MDRT-TB only. It could be concluded from this study that patients with MDR-TB/HIV co-infection have a similar thyroid function as patients having MDR-TB without HIV infection before commencement of MDR-TB drug regimen. Also, there is a possibility of subclinical thyroid dysfunction in patients with MDR-TB/HIV co-infection even, before the commencement of MDR-TB therapy.

  11. Patient and health care professional decision-making to commence and withdraw from renal dialysis: a systematic review of qualitative research.

    PubMed

    Hussain, Jamilla A; Flemming, Kate; Murtagh, Fliss E M; Johnson, Miriam J

    2015-07-07

    To ensure that decisions to start and stop dialysis in ESRD are shared, the factors that affect patients and health care professionals in making such decisions must be understood. This systematic review sought to explore how and why different factors mediate the choices about dialysis treatment. MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and PsychINFO were searched for qualitative studies of factors that affect patients' or health care professionals' decisions to commence or withdraw from dialysis. A thematic synthesis was conducted. Of 494 articles screened, 12 studies (conducted from 1985 to 2014) were included. These involved 206 patients (most receiving hemodialysis) and 64 health care professionals (age ranges: patients, 26-93 years; professionals, 26-61 years). For commencing dialysis, patients based their choice on "gut instinct," as well as deliberating over the effect of treatment on quality of life and survival. How individuals coped with decision-making was influential: Some tried to take control of the problem of progressive renal failure, whereas others focused on controlling their emotions. Health care professionals weighed biomedical factors and were led by an instinct to prolong life. Both patients and health care professionals described feeling powerless. With regard to dialysis withdrawal, only after prolonged periods on dialysis were the realities of life on dialysis fully appreciated and past choices questioned. By this stage, however, patients were physically dependent on treatment. As was seen with commencing dialysis, individuals coped with treatment withdrawal in a problem- or emotion-controlling way. Families struggled to differentiate between choosing versus allowing death. Health care teams avoided and queried discussions regarding dialysis withdrawal. Patients, however, missed the dialogue they experienced during predialysis education. Decision-making in ESRD is complex and dynamic and evolves over time and toward death. The factors at work are

  12. Yacyreta hydroelectric project contract signed

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    On June 26, 1987 the $270 million contract for the supply of 20 large hydraulic turbines for the Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project was signed by the Entidad Binacional Yacyreta, (a binational agency created by the governments of Argentina and Paraguay for the development of Yacyreta), and by Voith Hydro, Inc., of York, Pennsylvania, and Canadian General Electric of Montreal, Canada. Under the terms of the contract, 9 turbine units will be supplied by Voith Hydro, Inc. from its York, Pennsylvania plant, 4 units by Canadian General Electric of Montreal, and 7 units by Metanac, a consortium of Argentine manufacturers, who will utilize technology and technical assistance from Voith and CGE. The Yacyreta Project is being built on the Parana River on the border between Argentina and Paraguay. Construction at the site commenced in late 1983. Voith's portion of this contrast represents approximately $130 million dollars worth of business for its York, Pennsylvania facility.

  13. Factors associated with commencing smoking in 12-year-old students in Catalonia (Spain): a cross-sectional population-based study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Over the last decade notable progress has been made in developed countries on monitoring smoking although experimenting with cigarettes and smoking in young people remains a serious public health problem. This paper reports a cross-sectional study at the beginning of the 3-year follow-up community study TA_BES. The aim was to study the prevalence of smoking in addition to determining predictive factors for when smoking commences in a representative population of 12-year-old first year compulsory secondary education students. Methods Twenty-nine secondary schools (N = 29) from an area of Catalonia participated in the study. In these schools 2245 students answered a questionnaire to study the attitudes, behaviors, and tobacco consumption in the subject's surrounding circle and family in relation to smoking; carbon monoxide measurements were taken by means of co-oximetry on 2 different occasions. A smoker was defined as a student who had smoked daily or occasionally in the last 30 days. For non-smokers the criteria of not considering was set up for those who answered that in the future they would not be smokers and considering those who answered that they did not rule out becoming a smoker in the future. Results Among the total 2245 students included in the analysis 157(7%) were classified as smokers. Among non-smokers we differentiated between those not considering smoking 1757 (78.3%) and those considering smoking 288 (12.8%). Age is among the factors related to commencing smoking. The risk of becoming a smoker increases 2.27 times/year. The influence of the group of friends with a very high risk for boys OR 149.5 and lower, albeit high, in girls OR 38.1. Tobacco consumption of parents produces different effects in young people. A smoking father does not produce alterations in the smoking behavior of young people. However having a smoking mother or former smoking is a risk factor for boys and a protective factor for girls. We detected a gradual risk of

  14. Differences in the direction of change of cerebral function parameters are evident over three years in HIV-infected individuals electively commencing initial cART.

    PubMed

    Winston, Alan; Puls, Rebekah; Kerr, Stephen J; Duncombe, Chris; Li, Patrick; Gill, John M; Ramautarsing, Reshmie; Taylor-Robinson, Simon D; Emery, Sean; Cooper, David A

    2015-01-01

    Changes in cerebral metabolite ratios (CMR) measured on 1H-MRS and changes in cognitive function (CF) are described in subjects commencing combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), although the dynamics of such changes are poorly understood. Neuroasymptomatic, HIV-infected subjects electively commencing cART were eligible. CMR were assessed in three anatomical voxels and CF assessed at baseline, week 48 and week 144. Overall differences in absolute change in CMRs and CF parameters between 0-48 and 48-144 weeks were assessed. Twenty-two subjects completed study procedures. Plasma HIV-RNA was <50 copies/mL in all at week 48 and in all, but two subjects at week 144. In general, between weeks 0-48 a rise in N-acetyl-aspartate(NAA)/Creatine(Cr) ratio and a decline in myo-Inositol(mI)/Cr ratio were observed. Between weeks 48-144, small rises in NAA/Cr ratio were observed in two anatomical voxels, whereas a rise in mI/Cr ratio was observed in all anatomical locations (0.31 (0.66) and -0.27 (1.35) between weeks 0-48 and 0.13 (0.91) and 1.13 (1.71) between weeks 48-144 for absolute changes in NAA/Cr and mI/Cr (SD) in frontal-grey voxel, respectively). Global CF score improved between weeks 0-48 and then declined between weeks 48-144 (0.63 (1.16) and -0.63 (0.1.41) for mean absolute change (SD) between weeks 0-48 and weeks 48-144, respectively). The direction of change of cerebral function parameters differs over time in HIV-infected subjects commencing cART, highlighting the need for long-term follow-up in such studies. The changes we have observed between weeks 48-144 may represent the initial development of cerebral toxicities from cART.

  15. Project PRISM: Project Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunnion, Maryellen; And Others

    The first of three volumes of Project PRISM, a program designed to help classroom teachers (grades 6 through 8) provide for the needs of their gifted and talented students without removing those students from the mainstream of education, outlines the project's background and achievements. Sections review the following project aspects (sample…

  16. Do commencing nursing and paramedicine students differ in interprofessional learning and practice attitudes: evaluating course, socio-demographic and individual personality effects.

    PubMed

    Hallam, Karen T; Livesay, Karen; Morda, Romana; Sharples, Jenny; Jones, Andi; de Courten, Maximilian

    2016-03-03

    Interprofessional education (IPE) requires health students to learn with, from and about each other in order to develop a modern workforce with client-centred care at its core. Despite the client centred focus of IPE, training programs often utilize standard approaches across student cohorts without consideration of discipline, sociodemographic and personality variability that attract students to different health disciplines. Knowing the students who engage in IPE to tailor training may prove as beneficial as knowing the client to delivered individualized client centred care in interprofessional practice (IPP). This research investigates whether students commencing undergraduate nursing and paramedicine degrees ener training with existing demographic and personality differences and, if these are associated with different attitudes towards health care teams and interprofessional education. This online study recruited 160 nursing and 50 paramedicine students in their first week of their undergraduate course. Students completed questionnaires regarding their background, personality (General Perceived Self Esteem Scale, International Mini Markers) and the attitudes towards health care teams scale (ATHCTS) and interprofessional education perception scale (IEPS). Results show that commencing nursing and paramedicine students are demographically different on education, gender, speaking a language other than English at home (LOTE) and their own experience with healthcare. The results further demonstrate that LOTE, discipline being studied and personality factors play a role in perceptions regarding interprofessional training whilst discipline being studied impacted on attitudes towards health care teams in the workforce. These results highlight a number of existing personal and psychological differences between individuals who choose to train in these selected professions. This suggests a need for tertiary education IPE programs to move towards tailoring their education to

  17. [Quality of dying processes after commencement of the German Living Will Act : Experiences of a surgical intensive care unit].

    PubMed

    Strauss, S; Kuppinger, D; Hartl, W H

    2017-03-01

    There is so far no information on how the third act on amendment of the German guardianship law from 29 July 2009 has affected dying processes of critically ill patients. This retrospective study analyzed the patterns of dying processes in postoperative critically ill patients treated from 2009 to 2012 (period II after the commencement of the German Living Will Act) and 10 years before (period I, 1999-2002). Independent associations were calculated by logistic regression. In the observation period II (n = 137 dying patients) time until death significantly decreased to 19.3 days (95% CI 14.8-23.8, p = 0.008) vs. 29.2 days (95% CI 23.7-34.6) in period I (n = 163). In period II respect of the patient's will preceded death in 42.3% of the dying patients (period I: 8.6%, p < 0.001). Simultaneously, the frequency of patients with a severe preoperative comorbidity (failure of more than one organ) increased (26.8% of dying patients vs. 5.5% in period I, p = 0.001). The treatment during period II was, in addition to high age and a severe comorbidity, a significant independent predictor for the possibility that respect of the patient's will preceded death (odds ratio 7.42; 95% CI 3.77-14.60). Independent of various covariables, treatment after the commencement of the German Living Will Act was associated with a broader and earlier respect of the patient's will, thereby shortening the time until death.

  18. Instruments for assessing readiness to commence suck feeds in preterm infants: effects on time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisation.

    PubMed

    Crowe, Linda; Chang, Anne; Wallace, Karen

    2012-04-18

    One of the most challenging milestones for preterm infants is the acquisition of safe and efficient feeding skills. The majority of healthy full term infants are born with skills to coordinate their suck, swallow and respiration. However, this is not the case for preterm infants who develop these skills gradually as they transition from tube feeding to suck feeds. For preterm infants the ability to engage in oral feeding behaviour is dependent on many factors. The complexity of factors influencing feeding readiness has led some researchers to investigate the use of an individualised assessment of an infant's abilities. A limited number of instruments that aim to indicate an individual infant's readiness to commence either breast or bottle feeding have been developed. To determine the effects of using a feeding readiness instrument when compared to no instrument or another instrument on the outcomes of time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisation. We used the standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group, including a search of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 2), MEDLINE via EBSCO (1966 to July 2010), EMBASE (1980 to July 2010), CINAHL via EBSCO (1982 to July 2010), Web of Science via EBSCO (1980 to July 2010) and Health Source (1980 to July 2010). Other sources such as cited references from retrieved articles and databases of clinical trials were also searched. We did not apply any language restriction. We updated this search in March 2012. Randomised and quasi-randomised trials comparing a formal instrument to assess a preterm infant's readiness to commence suck feeds with either no instrument (usual practice) or another feeding readiness instrument. The standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group were used. Two authors independently screened potential studies for inclusion. No studies were found that met our inclusion criteria. No studies met the inclusion criteria

  19. Instruments for assessing readiness to commence suck feeds in preterm infants: effects on time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisation.

    PubMed

    Crowe, Linda; Chang, Anne; Wallace, Karen

    2016-08-23

    One of the most challenging milestones for preterm infants is the acquisition of safe and efficient feeding skills. The majority of healthy full term infants are born with skills to coordinate their suck, swallow and respiration. However, this is not the case for preterm infants who develop these skills gradually as they transition from tube feeding to suck feeds. For preterm infants the ability to engage in oral feeding behaviour is dependent on many factors. The complexity of factors influencing feeding readiness has led some researchers to investigate the use of an individualised assessment of an infant's abilities. A limited number of instruments that aim to indicate an individual infant's readiness to commence either breast or bottle feeding have been developed. To determine the effects of using a feeding readiness instrument when compared to no instrument or another instrument on the outcomes of time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisations. We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 22 February 2016), EMBASE (1980 to 22 February 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 22 February 2016). We also searched clinical trials' databases, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of retrieved articles for randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials. Randomised and quasi-randomised trials comparing a formal instrument to assess a preterm infant's readiness to commence suck feeds with either no instrument (usual practice) or another feeding readiness instrument. The standard methods of Cochrane Neonatal were used. Two authors independently screened potential studies for inclusion. No studies were found that met our inclusion criteria. No studies met the inclusion criteria. There is currently no evidence to inform clinical practice, with no studies meeting the inclusion criteria for this review

  20. Two patterns of cerebral metabolite abnormalities are detected on proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in HIV-infected subjects commencing antiretroviral therapy.

    PubMed

    Winston, Alan; Duncombe, Chris; Li, Patrick C K; Gill, John M; Kerr, Stephen J; Puls, Rebekah L; Taylor-Robinson, Simon D; Emery, Sean; Cooper, David A

    2012-12-01

    Cerebral function impairment remains problematic in subjects with chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection despite effective combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Using cerebral proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), we aimed to determine if abnormalities could be detected in neurologically asymptomatic HIV-infected subjects electively commencing cART. Therapy-naive, HIV-infected individuals and HIV-uninfected controls underwent (1)H MRS in several anatomical voxels including the mid-frontal grey matter (FGM) and right basal ganglia (RBG). Differences in cerebral metabolite ratios between groups and correlations between immune and virological status were assessed. Forty-six subjects were recruited (26 HIV-infected and 20 control subjects). In the HIV-infected group, mean CD4+ count (SD, cells per microlitre) and plasma HIV RNA (SD, log10 copies per millilitre) were 192 (86) and 4.71 (0.64), respectively. Choline (Cho)/Creatine (Cr) and myoinositol (MI)/Cr ratios were significantly lower in the FGM in HIV-infected subjects compared to controls (0.67 (0.14) versus 0.88 (0.49), p = 0.036, and 0.94 (0.28) and 1.17 (0.26), p = 0.008, for Cho/Cr and MI/Cr, respectively) and Cho/Cr ratio associated with CD4+ lymphocyte count (p = 0.041). N-Acetyl-aspartate (NAA)/Cho ratio was significantly lower in the RBG in HIV-infected subjects compared to controls (2.27 (0.54) versus 2.63 (0.68), p = 0.002), and this was associated with greater plasma HIV RNA load (p = 0.014). Two patterns of cerebral metabolite abnormalities were observed in HIV-infected subjects electively commencing cART. Greater inflammatory metabolite ratios (Cho/Cr and MI/Cr) associated with lower markers of peripheral immune markers (CD4+ lymphocyte count) in the FGM and lower neuronal metabolite ratios (NAA/Cho) associated with greater HIV viraemia in the RBG were present in HIV-infected subjects.

  1. Project Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Science Review, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Presents sixteen project notes developed by pupils of Chipping Norton School and Bristol Grammar School, in the United Kingdom. These Projects include eight biology A-level projects and eight Chemistry A-level projects. (HM)

  2. Insulin oedema and treatment-induced neuropathy occurring in a 20-year-old patient with Type 1 diabetes commenced on an insulin pump.

    PubMed

    Rothacker, K M; Kaye, J

    2014-01-01

    Oedema may occur following initiation or intensification of insulin therapy in patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Mild oedema is thought to be not uncommon, but under-reported, whilst generalized oedema with involvement of serous cavities has rarely been described. Multiple pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed, including insulin-induced sodium and water retention. Patients at greater risk for insulin oedema include those with poor glycaemic control. Dramatic improvement in glycaemic control is also associated with sensory and autonomic neuropathy. We describe a case of generalized oedema occurring in a 20-year-old, low body weight patient with Type 1 diabetes with poor glycaemic control 3 days following commencement of an insulin pump; blood sugars had dramatically improved with this treatment. Alternative causes for oedema were excluded. Oedema slowly improved with insulin dose reduction with higher blood sugar targets plus frusemide treatment. Subsequent to oedema resolution, the patient unfortunately developed generalized neuropathic pain, thought to be another manifestation of rapid improvement in glycaemic control. Caution should be taken when a patient with diabetes that is poorly controlled has an escalation in therapy that may dramatically improve their blood sugar levels; this includes the initiation of an insulin pump. Clinicians and patients should be aware of the potential risk of insulin oedema, treatment-induced neuropathy and worsening of diabetic retinopathy in the setting of rapid improvement in glycaemic control. © 2013 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2013 Diabetes UK.

  3. Use of spherical elementary currents to map the polar current systems associated with the geomagnetic sudden commencements on 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marsal, S.; Torta, J. M.; Segarra, A.; Araki, T.

    2017-01-01

    Araki's model of geomagnetic sudden commencements (SCs) establishes that the ground magnetic signatures globally observed after the onset produced by an increased solar wind dynamic pressure impacting on the Earth's magnetosphere are caused by the setting up of a system of electric currents in the coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere. This current system consists of a particular evolving set of magnetopause currents closing in the ionosphere through geomagnetic field-aligned currents (FACs) and their induced counterpart. The present paper confirms the starting assumptions of the referred model by use of spherical elementary current systems (SECS), namely, the existence of FACs reversing polarity during the first couple of minutes of the SC. It is the first time that SECS have been applied to the study of SCs. The method has been fed with data from more than 100 stations of the global network of geomagnetic observatories and variometer sites in the northern hemisphere so as to provide a reliable pattern of the equivalent current system flowing at ionospheric heights on the occasion of the SCs associated with the 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms. The combined analysis of solar wind data and the synoptic view of the SC current patterns provided by SECS allows it to explain some of the differences observed between both events.

  4. Antibody and markers of T-cell activation illuminate the pathogenesis of HCV immune restoration disease in HIV/HCV co-infected patients commencing ART.

    PubMed

    Yunihastuti, Evy; Lee, Silvia; Gani, Rino A; Saraswati, Henny; Sundaru, Heru; Lesmana, L A; Sukmana, Nanang; Price, Patricia

    2011-04-01

    Some HIV/hepatitis C virus co-infected patients beginning ART experience Immune Restoration Disease (IRD) manifested as a rise in serum alanine transaminase. This was investigated in HIV/HCV co-infected individuals (n=50) commencing ART in Jakarta (Indonesia). Samples were collected at weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, 24 and at HCV IRD. Nine patients experienced HCV IRD (incidence=9.2 per 1000 person-weeks). These resolved without changing treatment. Markers of T-cell activation (sCD26, sCD30) and immune recruitment (CXCL10) increased in many HCV IRD cases, so T-cells may mediate HCV IRD. Total anti-HCV antibody (core, NS3, NS4) remained lower in HCV IRD cases, but levels of antibody to core were not lower in HCV IRD cases. Rises in HCV RNA on ART were independent of HCV IRD, but there was a negative correlation between baseline HCV RNA and total anti-HCV antibody. High levels of antibody may protect against HCV IRD, via lower HCV antigen loads.

  5. Predictors of pneumococcal vaccination uptake in hospitalized patients aged 65 years and over shortly following the commencement of a publicly funded national pneumococcal vaccination program in Australia.

    PubMed

    Ridda, Iman; MacIntyre, Raina C; Lindley, Richard I; McIntyre, Peter B; Sullivan, John; Gilbert, Gwendolyn; Kovoor, Pramesh; Manolios, Nicholas; Fox, John

    2007-01-01

    In January 2005, Australia became the first country to introduce a publicly funded pneumococcal vaccination program for persons 65 years and older which is free at point of service, although the vaccine cost had previously been partially subsidized. Hospitalization in this age group is an important indicator of risk of invasive pneumococcal disease but vaccine uptake has been suboptimal. To determine vaccination rates and predictors of vaccination in the elderly hospitalised patients before and after January 2005. We validated vaccination status against general practitioner (GP) records for patients aged > or = 65 years admitted to a large teaching hospital in Sydney between 16th of May 2005 and the 20th of February 2006 and examined predictors of vaccination. Commencement of the new program resulted in a significant increase in vaccination uptake from 39% of inpatients prior to the free program to 73% in the same cohort of inpatients post January 2005. We found that patient recall of vaccination status was not reliable. Self-report of pneumococcal vaccination had a sensitivity of 0.53 and a specificity of 0.55, highlighting that validation of vaccination status is required. Age over 80 years and dementia significantly predicted under-vaccination. This highlights the importance of integrating free vaccine supply and delivery in primary care to achieve high vaccination coverage. However, demented patients and the very elderly remain under-vaccinated, despite being admitted to hospital for active management of acute conditions.

  6. Commencement on a Coral Reef

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Steven K.

    1973-01-01

    Describes an environmental program in which sixteen students and three biology teachers from Northfield Mount Hermon School in Massachusetts spent two weeks examining the ecology of a Caribbean reef.. (JR)

  7. Commencement on a Coral Reef

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Steven K.

    1973-01-01

    Describes an environmental program in which sixteen students and three biology teachers from Northfield Mount Hermon School in Massachusetts spent two weeks examining the ecology of a Caribbean reef.. (JR)

  8. Australian Nursing Informatics Competency Project.

    PubMed

    Foster, Joanne; Bryce, Julianne

    2009-01-01

    A study of Australian nurses on their use of information technology in the workplace was undertaken by the Australian Nursing Federation (ANF) in 2007. This study of over 4000 nurses highlighted that nurses recognise benefits to adopting more information technology in the workplace although there are significant barriers to their use. It also identified gross deficits in the capacity of the nursing workforce to engage in the digital processing of information. Following the release of the study last year, the ANF commenced work on a number of key recommendations from the report in order to overcome identified barriers and provide opportunities for nurses to better utilise information technology and information management systems. One of these recommendations was to seek research funding to develop national information technology and information management competency standards for nurses. This project has now received Federal Government funding to undertake this development. This project is being developed in collaboration with the ANF and the Queensland University of Technology. This paper will discuss the methodology, development and publication of the Australian Nursing Informatics Competency Standards Project which is currently underway and due for completion in May 2009. The Australian Nursing Informatics Competencies will be presented at the conference.

  9. Global evolution and propagation of electric fields associated with Sudden Commencements observed by multi­ple magnetospheric satellites and ionospheric radars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, N.; Kasaba, Y.; Shinbori, A.; Nishimura, Y.; Kikuchi, T.; Hori, T.; Nishitani, N.

    2015-12-01

    Sudden commencements (SCs) are triggered by a compression of the dayside magnetosphere, leading to fast mode wave propagation in the equatorial plane. In contrast, the compression induces Alfven waves that propagate toward the dayside polar ionosphere along field lines, and then ionospheric electric fields propagate toward low-latitude ionosphere at speed of light. Several direct observations have provided evidence of the fast mode or Alfven wave propagation, but spatial and temporal evolutions of these propagations are not well known. Moreover, a previous study shows that upward Poynting fluxes transport electromagnetic energy toward the nightside magnetosphere. However, whether such upward Poynting fluxes are launched from the ionosphere or converted from fast mode waves has not been confirmed yet. In this study, we investigate evolution of the electric field in the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupled system using THEMIS, Van Allen Probes, GOES 13 and 15, SuperDARN, and HF Doppler radars. We find 70 SC events occurred from January 2013 to December 2014. The result of event studies shows the time delay of the onsets between dayside and nightside magnetospheric electric fields, which can be explained by the fast mode wave propagation. However, we also find that the SC onset of the nightside electric field (~21 h LT) is 15 s later than that of the midnight one although they are detected in the same L-value, which may suggest a dawn-dusk asymmetry of the electromagnetic energy propagation time in the inner magnetosphere. In the ionosphere, both SuperDARN and HF Doppler radars detect a northward velocity at ~15 h LT about 1 min after that of the dayside magnetospheric electric field, which is consistent with the Alfven velocity from the dayside magnetosphere to the polar ionosphere. We will evaluate the possible propagation path of the electromagnetic energy associated with SCs.

  10. Projects Work!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Textor, Martin R.

    2005-01-01

    The great educational value of projects is emphasized by contrasting negative aspects of the life of today's children with the goals of project work. This is illustrated by a project "Shopping." It is shown what children are learning in such projects and what the advantages of project work are. Relevant topic areas, criteria for selecting a…

  11. Project Wild (Project Tame).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegenthaler, David

    For 37 states in the United States, Project Wild has become an officially sanctioned, distributed and funded "environemtnal and conservation education program." For those who are striving to implement focused, sequential, learning programs, as well as those who wish to promote harmony through a non-anthropocentric world view, Project…

  12. Project Wild (Project Tame).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegenthaler, David

    For 37 states in the United States, Project Wild has become an officially sanctioned, distributed and funded "environemtnal and conservation education program." For those who are striving to implement focused, sequential, learning programs, as well as those who wish to promote harmony through a non-anthropocentric world view, Project…

  13. Toward the breast screening balance sheet: cumulative risk of false positives for annual versus biennial mammograms commencing at age 40 or 50.

    PubMed

    Winch, Caleb J; Sherman, Kerry A; Boyages, John

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to: (1) Estimate cumulative risk of recall from breast screening where no cancer is detected (a harm) in Australia; (2) Compare women screened annually versus biennially, commencing age 40 versus 50; and (3) Compare with international findings. At the no-cost metropolitan program studied, women attended biennial screening, but were offered annual screening if regarded at elevated risk for breast cancer. The cumulative risk of at least one recall was estimated using discrete-time survival analysis. Cancer detection statistics were computed. In total, 801,636 mammograms were undertaken in 231,824 women. Over 10 years, cumulative risk of recall was 13.3 % (95 % CI 12.7-13.8) for those screened biennially, and 19.9 % (CI 16.6-23.2) for those screened annually from age 50-51. Cumulative risk of complex false positive involving a biopsy was 3.1 % (CI 2.9-3.4) and 5.0 % (CI 3.4-6.6), respectively. From age 40-41, the risk of recall was 15.1 % (CI 14.3-16.0) and 22.5 % (CI 17.9-27.1) for biennial and annual screening, respectively. Corresponding rates of complex false positive were 3.3 % (CI 2.9-3.8) and 6.3 % (CI 3.4-9.1). Over 10 mammograms, invasive cancer was detected in 3.4 % (CI 3.3-3.5) and ductal carcinoma in situ in 0.7 % (CI 0.6-0.7) of women, with a non-significant trend toward a larger proportion of Tis and T1N0 cancers in women screened annually (74.5 %) versus biennially (70.1 %), χ (2) = 2.77, p = 0.10. Cancer detection was comparable to international findings. Recall risk was equal to European estimates for women screening from 50 and lower for screening from 40. Recall risk was half of United States' rates across start age and rescreening interval categories. Future benefit/harm balance sheets may be useful for communicating these findings to women.

  14. Shop Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Bob

    Vocational agriculture teachers in Oklahoma prepared the shop project drawings which comprise the document. Seventy-one projects, with lists of required materials, diagrams, and measurements, are included. Construction projects fall into six categories (number of projects in parentheses): Trailers (5), racks (3), livestock production projects…

  15. MDSplus quality improvement project

    DOE PAGES

    Fredian, Thomas W.; Stillerman, Joshua; Manduchi, Gabriele; ...

    2016-05-31

    MDSplus is a data acquisition and analysis system used worldwide predominantly in the fusion research community. Development began 29 years ago on the OpenVMS operating system. Since that time there have been many new features added and the code has been ported to many different operating systems. There have been contributions to the MDSplus development from the fusion community in the way of feature suggestions, feature implementations, documentation and porting to different operating systems. The bulk of the development and support of MDSplus, however, has been provided by a relatively small core developer group of three or four members. Givenmore » the size of the development team and the large number of users much more effort was focused on providing new features for the community than on keeping the underlying code and documentation up to date with the evolving software development standards. To ensure that MDSplus will continue to provide the needs of the community in the future, the MDSplus development team along with other members of the MDSplus user community has commenced on a major quality improvement project. The planned improvements include changes to software build scripts to better use GNU Autoconf and Automake tools, refactoring many of the source code modules using new language features available in modern compilers, using GNU MinGW-w64 to create MS Windows distributions, migrating to a more modern source code management system, improvement of source documentation as well as improvements to the www.mdsplus.org web site documentation and layout, and the addition of more comprehensive test suites to apply to MDSplus code builds prior to releasing installation kits to the community. This paper should lead to a much more robust product and establish a framework to maintain stability as more enhancements and features are added. Finally, this paper will describe these efforts that are either in progress or planned for the near future.« less

  16. MDSplus quality improvement project

    SciTech Connect

    Fredian, Thomas W.; Stillerman, Joshua; Manduchi, Gabriele; Rigoni, Andrea; Erickson, Keith

    2016-05-31

    MDSplus is a data acquisition and analysis system used worldwide predominantly in the fusion research community. Development began 29 years ago on the OpenVMS operating system. Since that time there have been many new features added and the code has been ported to many different operating systems. There have been contributions to the MDSplus development from the fusion community in the way of feature suggestions, feature implementations, documentation and porting to different operating systems. The bulk of the development and support of MDSplus, however, has been provided by a relatively small core developer group of three or four members. Given the size of the development team and the large number of users much more effort was focused on providing new features for the community than on keeping the underlying code and documentation up to date with the evolving software development standards. To ensure that MDSplus will continue to provide the needs of the community in the future, the MDSplus development team along with other members of the MDSplus user community has commenced on a major quality improvement project. The planned improvements include changes to software build scripts to better use GNU Autoconf and Automake tools, refactoring many of the source code modules using new language features available in modern compilers, using GNU MinGW-w64 to create MS Windows distributions, migrating to a more modern source code management system, improvement of source documentation as well as improvements to the www.mdsplus.org web site documentation and layout, and the addition of more comprehensive test suites to apply to MDSplus code builds prior to releasing installation kits to the community. This paper should lead to a much more robust product and establish a framework to maintain stability as more enhancements and features are added. Finally, this paper will describe these efforts that are either in progress or planned for the near future.

  17. Science project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-08-23

    DRIFTER sensor devices were designed by the Applied Science and Technology Project Office as inexpensive tools that can be used for science projects in local schools. The devices transmit information about water temperature and conductivity for use by Gulf Coast researchers. The DRIFTER project began as an effort to help Gulf Coast oyster fishermen dealing with the effects of fresh water intrusion.

  18. Coast salish and U.S. Geological Survey: Tribal journey water quality project

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Akin, Sarah K.; Grossman, Eric E.; Lekanof, Debra; O'Hara, Charles J.

    2008-01-01

    The Coast Salish Peoples and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have commenced on a partnership to examine water quality throughout the Georgia Straits and Puget Sound, blending tradition and science, in response to this deterioration of coastal environments and loss of essential habitats and marine resources of cultural and ecological importance throughout the ancestral waters of the Salish Sea. This report describes the Coast Salish Tribal Journey Water Quality Project, its inception, the results of the 2008 Tribal Journey project, lessons learned, and recommendations for future directions.

  19. Map projections

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    1993-01-01

    A map projection is used to portray all or part of the round Earth on a flat surface. This cannot be done without some distortion. Every projection has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. There is no "best" projection. The mapmaker must select the one best suited to the needs, reducing distortion of the most important features. Mapmakers and mathematicians have devised almost limitless ways to project the image of the globe onto paper. Scientists at the U. S. Geological Survey have designed projections for their specific needs—such as the Space Oblique Mercator, which allows mapping from satellites with little or no distortion. This document gives the key properties, characteristics, and preferred uses of many historically important projections and of those frequently used by mapmakers today.

  20. Project SEED.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Reports on Project SEED (Summer Educational Experience for the Disadvantaged) a project in which high school students from low-income families work in summer jobs in a variety of academic, industrial, and government research labs. The program introduces the students to career possibilities in chemistry and to the advantages of higher education.…

  1. Project FAST.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Essexville-Hampton Public Schools, MI.

    Described are components of Project FAST (Functional Analysis Systems Training) a nationally validated project to provide more effective educational and support services to learning disordered children and their regular elementary classroom teachers. The program is seen to be based on a series of modules of delivery systems ranging from mainstream…

  2. Project HIRE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisz, Vera C.

    Project HIRE is a special program conducted by Middlesex Community College since October 1978 to help people 55 years of age and older find paid employment. The specific goals of the project, as it was originally conceived, were to: (1) open three intake centers; (2) register clients at the centers; (3) provide career counseling; (4) offer…

  3. Project Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, Larry D.

    Project Success consists of after-school, weekend, and summer educational programs geared toward minority and disadvantaged students to increase their numbers seeking postsecondary education from the Meadville, Pennsylvania area. The project is funded primarily through the Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, whose administration is committed to…

  4. Project CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robison, Helen F.; And Others

    This document described Project CHILD, a program of educational change and curriculum development for disadvantaged prekindergarten and kindergarten children. The historical part of this report indicates that the project began in 1966 with a small-scale study of teacher behavior and children's responses in a few classrooms in a Harlem school…

  5. Project REM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Carol Hahn

    1983-01-01

    Project REM (Resources, Energy, Mankind) incorporates energy, ecology, and environmental topics into a sixth-grade science curriculum. Various activities of this year-long project are discussed, including those related to Mr. REM (a student-built "robot") and an all day exploration of energy held near the end of the school year. (JN)

  6. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-04-27

    Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-9 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle, was the last flight of the Mercury Project. The Faith 7 spacecraft orbited the Earth 22 times in 1-1/2 days.

  7. Project Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, Larry D.

    Project Success consists of after-school, weekend, and summer educational programs geared toward minority and disadvantaged students to increase their numbers seeking postsecondary education from the Meadville, Pennsylvania area. The project is funded primarily through the Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, whose administration is committed to…

  8. UNESCO Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goutard, Madeleine

    1990-01-01

    Details of a UNESCO project concerning the young child and the family environment are presented. The three major aspects of child development addressed by the project are nutrition for the child, children's handicaps, and interaction between the child and its family. (BG)

  9. Project EASIER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvord, David J.; Tack, Leland R.; Dallam, Jerald W.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the development of Project EASIER, a collaborative electronic-data interchange for networking Iowa local school districts, education agencies, community colleges, universities, and the Department of Education. The primary goal of this project is to develop and implement a system for collection of student information for state and federal…

  10. Projects Board

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Engineering Education, 1971

    1971-01-01

    Members of the Projects Board and associated committees of the American Society for Engineering Education are listed along with the by-laws of the board. Active projects described include a study of engineering technological education, faculty interchange with black engineering colleges, and the visiting engineer program. (TS)

  11. Watchdog Project

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Rhett; Campbell, Jack; Hadley, Mark

    2016-12-30

    The Watchdog Project completed 100% of the project Statement of Project Objective (SOPO). The Watchdog project was a very aggressive project looking to accomplish commercialization of technology that had never been commercialized, as a result it took six years to complete not the original three that were planned. No additional federal funds were requested from the original proposal and SEL contributed the additional cost share required to complete the project. The result of the Watchdog Project is the world’s first industrial rated Software Defined Network (SDN) switch commercially available. This technology achieved the SOPOO and DOE Roadmap goals to have strong network access control, improve reliability and network performance, and give the asset owner the ability to minimize attack surface before and during an attack. The Watchdog project is an alliance between CenterPoint Energy Houston Electric, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL), and Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. (SEL). SEL is the world’s leader in microprocessor-based electronic equipment for protecting electric power systems. PNNL performs basic and applied research to deliver energy, environmental, and national security for our nation. CenterPoint Energy is the third largest publicly traded natural gas delivery company in the U.S and third largest combined electricity and natural gas delivery company. The Watchdog Project efforts were combined with the SDN Project efforts to produce the entire SDN system solution for the critical infrastructure. The Watchdog project addresses Topic Area of Interest 5: Secure Communications, for the DEFOA- 0000359 by protecting the control system local area network itself and the communications coming from and going to the electronic devices on the local network. Local area networks usually are not routed and have little or no filtering capabilities. Combine this with the fact control system protocols are designed with inherent trust the control

  12. Moses Lake Fishery Restoration Project : FY 2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Burgess, Dave

    2003-02-01

    The Moses Lake Project (project No. 199502800) was first funded during FY 99 and field studies commenced October 2000. Later review of the proposal by the ISRP revealed perceived shortcomings. Immediately following the ISRP review Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) personnel were in contact with the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) regarding further options. The NWPPC allowed WDFW to re-submit the first proposal revision that was followed in June 2001 by a second negative review by the ISRP. In August 2001, the NWPPC authorized a third and final submission of the proposal and limited funding extension. Therefore, proposal revisions and resubmissions limited progress in data collection and analysis. This report covers work conducted within the submitted scope of work (FY 2000, September 27, 2000--September 26, 2001) and incorporation of the suggested modifications to the proposal. The bulk of the work covered by this report concentrated on data collection.

  13. Project LEAF

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Project LEAF has a goal of educating farmworkers about how to reduce pesticide exposure to their families from pesticide residues they may be inadvertently taking home on their clothing, etc. Find outreach materials.

  14. Geodynamics Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Charles L.

    1977-01-01

    Describes activities of Geodynamics Project of the Federal Council on Science and Technology, such as the application of multichannel seismic-reflection techniques to study the nature of the deep crust and upper mantle. (MLH)

  15. Geodynamics Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Charles L.

    1977-01-01

    Describes activities of Geodynamics Project of the Federal Council on Science and Technology, such as the application of multichannel seismic-reflection techniques to study the nature of the deep crust and upper mantle. (MLH)

  16. Project Reptile!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diffily, Deborah

    2001-01-01

    Integrating curriculum is important in helping children make connections within and among areas. Presents a class project for kindergarten children which came out of the students' interests and desire to build a reptile exhibit. (ASK)

  17. Science project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-08-23

    Once tethered in place in Gulf Coast waters, a DRIFTER sensor device is able to transmit valuable information about water temperature and conductivity. The Applied Science and Technology Project Office at Stennis Space Center designed the DRIFTER as an inexpensive device that can be used for science projects in local schools. Two of the devices, deployed in coastal waters, survived Hurricane Isaac, continuing to transmit valuable data regarding the storm.

  18. Swedish Projects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    development, evaluate training regimes and design of new systems with complex man- machine interface problems. The project uses advanced statistical...physiological measures to provide input to adaptive man- machine interfaces . The goal of the projects is to further develop measurement methods with...dinteraction Homme -Système Intuitive)., The original document contains color images. 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17

  19. Modeling double pulsing of ion beams for HEDP target heating experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veitzer, Seth; Barnard, John; Stoltz, Peter; Henestroza, Enrique

    2008-04-01

    Recent research on direct drive targets using heavy ion beams suggests optimal coupling will occur when the energy of the ions increases over the course of the pulse. In order to experimentally explore issues involving the interaction of the beam with the outflowing blowoff from the target, double pulse experiments have been proposed whereby a first pulse heats a planar target producing an outflow of material, and a second pulse (˜10 ns later) of higher ion energy (and hence larger projected range) interacts with this outflow before reaching and further heating the target. We report here results for simulations of double pulsing experiments using HYDRA for beam and target parameters relevant to the proposed Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX) II at LBNL.

  20. Pinon Pine IGCC project status update, August 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Motter, J.W.; Pitcher, J.D.; Fankhanel, M.; Campbell, W.

    1992-11-01

    Since the recent (August, 1992) execution of the Cooperative Agreement, the major focus of work has been on critical-path environmental permitting activities, both related to the NEPA process as well as state and local activities. Pending approval of the project by the Nevada Public Service Commission, detailed engineering activities will commence in November. Federal funding of the project automatically invokes environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This project will require an Environmental Impact Statement, or EIS, with DOE as the lead agency for the NEPA reviews. The project must also be approved by the Nevada Public Service Commission (PSCN) in the state`s Resource Planning process. As shown in the project schedule, Figure 4 below, SPPCo. expects to have the combustion turbine portion of the plant on line by late 1994, configured as a simple-cycle natural gas machine with either No. 2 diesel or propane being utilized as backup fuel. By phasing construction in this manner, SPPCo. gains approximately 45 MWe of peaking power capacity to match projections of customer loads. The gasifier, heat recovery steam generator (HRSG), and the balance of the IGCC plant will be commissioned in late 1996. A DOE demonstration period of 42 months is planned.

  1. Pinon Pine IGCC project status update, August 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Motter, J.W.; Pitcher, J.D.; Fankhanel, M.; Campbell, W.

    1992-01-01

    Since the recent (August, 1992) execution of the Cooperative Agreement, the major focus of work has been on critical-path environmental permitting activities, both related to the NEPA process as well as state and local activities. Pending approval of the project by the Nevada Public Service Commission, detailed engineering activities will commence in November. Federal funding of the project automatically invokes environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This project will require an Environmental Impact Statement, or EIS, with DOE as the lead agency for the NEPA reviews. The project must also be approved by the Nevada Public Service Commission (PSCN) in the state's Resource Planning process. As shown in the project schedule, Figure 4 below, SPPCo. expects to have the combustion turbine portion of the plant on line by late 1994, configured as a simple-cycle natural gas machine with either No. 2 diesel or propane being utilized as backup fuel. By phasing construction in this manner, SPPCo. gains approximately 45 MWe of peaking power capacity to match projections of customer loads. The gasifier, heat recovery steam generator (HRSG), and the balance of the IGCC plant will be commissioned in late 1996. A DOE demonstration period of 42 months is planned.

  2. Gravity Monitoring of the Weber River Aquifer Storage Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gettings, P.; Hurlow, H.; Chapman, D. S.; Harris, R. N.

    2004-12-01

    Repeated precision gravity measurements provide an economical way to track aquifer storage changes through time. In early 2004, the Weber River Water Conservancy District in northern Utah began an aquifer storage and recovery pilot project by infiltrating river water into a depleted aquifer. We are tracking the infiltrated water by measuring gravity changes over the aquifer through time. A network of 28 stations around the infiltration location was established, with an additional station in the nearby mountains for a stable reference. Gravity surveys are conducted at approximately two week intervals; monthly rapid-static GPS campaigns monitor ground deformation across the network. Gravity monitoring commenced in Feburary 2004, to establish a baseline before infiltration and investigate the magnitudes of natural signals and measurment noise. Infiltration commenced six weeks after the start of monitoring and by early July 2004, nearly 750 000 m3 of water were infiltrated; gravity changes at the infiltration site reached a peak of ˜100 μ Gal. Gaussian integration of the peak gravity signal is consistent with the total volume of infiltrated water. Continued monitoring during infiltration tracked the horizontal migration of infiltration water south and west of the site, consistent with known hydraulic gradients. Infiltration ended in July 2004 and gravity measurements show a declining recharge mound, with the peak decreasing to ˜60 μ Gal one month later. The spatial and temporal changes in gravity will be used to refine and enhance reservoir modeling around the infiltration site.

  3. Maximum Capital Project Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Matt

    2002-01-01

    Describes the stages of capital project planning and development: (1) individual capital project submission; (2) capital project proposal assessment; (3) executive committee; and (4) capital project execution. (EV)

  4. Maximum Capital Project Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Matt

    2002-01-01

    Describes the stages of capital project planning and development: (1) individual capital project submission; (2) capital project proposal assessment; (3) executive committee; and (4) capital project execution. (EV)

  5. Projection displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiu, George L.; Yang, Kei H.

    1998-08-01

    Projection display in today's market is dominated by cathode ray tubes (CRTs). Further progress in this mature CRT projector technology will be slow and evolutionary. Liquid crystal based projection displays have gained rapid acceptance in the business market. New technologies are being developed on several fronts: (1) active matrix built from polysilicon or single crystal silicon; (2) electro- optic materials using ferroelectric liquid crystal, polymer dispersed liquid crystals or other liquid crystal modes, (3) micromechanical-based transducers such as digital micromirror devices, and grating light valves, (4) high resolution displays to SXGA and beyond, and (5) high brightness. This article reviews the projection displays from a transducer technology perspective along with a discussion of markets and trends.

  6. Project Artemis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Birchenough, Shawn; Kato, Denise; Kennedy, Fred; Akin, David

    1990-01-01

    The goals of Project Artemis are designed to meet the challege of President Bush to return to the Moon, this time to stay. The first goal of the project is to establish a permanent manned base on the Moon for the purposes of scientific research and technological development. The knowledge gained from the establishment and operations of the lunar base will then be used to achieve the second goal of Project Artemis, the establishment of a manned base on the Martian surface. Throughout both phases of the program, crew safety will be the number one priority. There are four main issues that have governed the entire program: crew safety and mission success, commonality, growth potential, and costing and scheduling. These issues are discussed in more detail.

  7. Shippingport station decommissioning project ALARA Program

    SciTech Connect

    Crimi, F.P.

    1995-03-01

    Properly planned and implemented ALARA programs help to maintain nuclear worker radiation exposures {open_quotes}As Low As Reasonably Achievable.{close_quotes}. This paper describes the ALARA program developed and implemented for the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. The elements required for a successful ALARA program are discussed along with examples of good ALARA practices. The Shippingport Atomic Power Station (SAPS) was the first commercial nuclear power plant to be built in the United States. It was located 35 miles northwest of Pittsburgh, PA on the south bank of the Ohio river. The reactor plant achieved initial criticality in December 1959. During its 25-year life, it produced 7.5 billion kilowatts of electricity. The SAPS was shut down in October 1982 and was the first large-scale U.S. nuclear power plant to be totally decommissioned and the site released for unrestricted use. The Decommission Project was estimated to take 1,007 man-rem of radiation exposure and $.98.3 million to complete. Physical decommissioning commenced in September 1985 and was completed in September 1989. The actual man-rem of exposure was 155. The project was completed 6 months ahead of schedule at a cost of $91.3 million.

  8. Cloudnet Project

    DOE Data Explorer

    Hogan, Robin

    2008-01-15

    Cloudnet is a research project supported by the European Commission. This project aims to use data obtained quasi-continuously for the development and implementation of cloud remote sensing synergy algorithms. The use of active instruments (lidar and radar) results in detailed vertical profiles of important cloud parameters which cannot be derived from current satellite sensing techniques. A network of three already existing cloud remote sensing stations (CRS-stations) will be operated for a two year period, activities will be co-ordinated, data formats harmonised and analysis of the data performed to evaluate the representation of clouds in four major european weather forecast models.

  9. Apollo Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    Langley personnel at Cape Canaveral during preliminary checkout of Project FIRE velocity package before launch. Project FIRE (Flight Investigation Reentry Environment) studied the effects of reentry heating on spacecraft materials. It involved both wind tunnel and flight tests, although the majority were tests with Atlas rockets and recoverable reentry packages. These flight tests took place at Cape Canaveral in Florida. Wind tunnel tests were made in several Langley tunnels including the Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, the 8-foot High-Temperature Tunnel and the 9- x 6-Foot Thermal Structures Tunnel.

  10. LLAMA Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnal, E. M.; Abraham, Z.; Giménez de Castro, G.; de Gouveia dal Pino, E. M.; Larrarte, J. J.; Lepine, J.; Morras, R.; Viramonte, J.

    2014-10-01

    The project LLAMA, acronym of Long Latin American Millimetre Array is very briefly described in this paper. This project is a joint scientific and technological undertaking of Argentina and Brazil on the basis of an equal investment share, whose mail goal is both to install and to operate an observing facility capable of exploring the Universe at millimetre and sub/millimetre wavelengths. This facility will be erected in the argentinean province of Salta, in a site located at 4830m above sea level.

  11. Spent Nuclear Fuel project, project management plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fuquay, B.J.

    1995-10-25

    The Hanford Spent Nuclear Fuel Project has been established to safely store spent nuclear fuel at the Hanford Site. This Project Management Plan sets forth the management basis for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. The plan applies to all fabrication and construction projects, operation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project facilities, and necessary engineering and management functions within the scope of the project

  12. Project Notes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Science Review, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Listed are 32 biology A-level projects, categorized by organisms studied as follows: algae (1), bryophytes (1), angiosperms (14), fungi (1), flatworms (1), annelids (2), molluscs (1), crustaceans (2), insects (4), fish (2), mammals (1), humans (1); and one synecological study. (CS)

  13. Limnological Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambler, David J.; Dixon, Jean M.

    1982-01-01

    Describes collection of quantitative samples of microorganisms and accumulation of physical data from a pond over a year. Provides examples of how final-year degree students have used materials and data for ecological projects (involving mainly algae), including their results/conclusions. Also describes apparatus and reagents used in the student…

  14. Project Reconstruct.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helisek, Harriet; Pratt, Donald

    1994-01-01

    Presents a project in which students monitor their use of trash, input and analyze information via a database and computerized graphs, and "reconstruct" extinct or endangered animals from recyclable materials. The activity was done with second-grade students over a period of three to four weeks. (PR)

  15. Project Narrative

    SciTech Connect

    Driscoll, Mary C.

    2012-07-12

    The Project Narrative describes how the funds from the DOE grant were used to purchase equipment for the biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics departments. The Narrative also describes how the equipment is being used. There is also a list of the positive outcomes as a result of having the equipment that was purchased with the DOE grant.

  16. Project Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Science Review, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Listed and described are student A-level biology projects in the following areas: Angiosperm studies (e.g., factors affecting growth of various plants), 7; Bacterial studies, 1; Insect studies, 2; Fish studies, 1; Mammal studies, 1; Human studies, 1; Synecology studies, 2; Environmental studies, 2; and Enzyme studies, 1. (CS)

  17. Project Reconstruct.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helisek, Harriet; Pratt, Donald

    1994-01-01

    Presents a project in which students monitor their use of trash, input and analyze information via a database and computerized graphs, and "reconstruct" extinct or endangered animals from recyclable materials. The activity was done with second-grade students over a period of three to four weeks. (PR)

  18. Project CAST.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charles County Board of Education, La Plata, MD. Office of Special Education.

    The document outlines procedures for implementing Project CAST (Community and School Together), a community-based career education program for secondary special education students in Charles County, Maryland. Initial sections discuss the role of a learning coordinator, (including relevant travel reimbursement and mileage forms) and an overview of…

  19. Project Choice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

    Project Choice was begun with the goal of increasing the number of inner-city students who graduate on time. Ewing M. Kauffman and his business and foundation associates designed and elected to test a model that used the promise of postsecondary education or training as the incentive to stay in school. This report details the evolution of Project…

  20. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-09-01

    An Atlas launch vehicle carrying the Big Joe capsule leaves its launching pad on a 2,000-mile ballistic flight to the altitude of 100 miles. The Big Joe capsule is a boilerplate model of the marned orbital capsule under NASA's Project Mercury. The capsule was recovered and studied for the effect of re-entry heat and other flight stresses.

  1. Thanksgiving Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilden, Pauline

    1976-01-01

    A teacher describes a Thanksgiving project in which 40 educable mentally retarded students (6-13 years old) made and served their own dinner of stew, butter, bread, ice cream, and pie, and in the process learned about social studies, cooking, and proper meal behavior. (CL)

  2. Limnological Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambler, David J.; Dixon, Jean M.

    1982-01-01

    Describes collection of quantitative samples of microorganisms and accumulation of physical data from a pond over a year. Provides examples of how final-year degree students have used materials and data for ecological projects (involving mainly algae), including their results/conclusions. Also describes apparatus and reagents used in the student…

  3. Project Notes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Science Review, 1979

    1979-01-01

    Listed are 32 biology A-level projects, categorized by organisms studied as follows: algae (1), bryophytes (1), angiosperms (14), fungi (1), flatworms (1), annelids (2), molluscs (1), crustaceans (2), insects (4), fish (2), mammals (1), humans (1); and one synecological study. (CS)

  4. Hydrosphere Project.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    This final report summarizes the seven foot Hydrosphere Project. During the course of this program, three Interim Reports were submitted. Interim...to the final assembly of the seven foot Hydrosphere . This final report includes a brief outline of each of the above noted Interim Reports, as well as

  5. Project Boomerang

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Allen L.

    1975-01-01

    Describes an experimental project on boomerangs designed for an undergraduate course in classical mechanics. The students designed and made their own boomerangs, devised their own procedures, and carried out suitable measurements. Presents some of their data and a simple analysis for the two-bladed boomerang. (Author/MLH)

  6. Project Schoolflight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Ben

    1975-01-01

    Describes "Project School Flight" which is an idea originated by the Experimental Aircraft Association to provide the opportunity for young people to construct a light aircraft in the schools as part of a normal class. Address included of Experimental Aircraft Association for interested persons. (BR)

  7. Thanksgiving Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilden, Pauline

    1976-01-01

    A teacher describes a Thanksgiving project in which 40 educable mentally retarded students (6-13 years old) made and served their own dinner of stew, butter, bread, ice cream, and pie, and in the process learned about social studies, cooking, and proper meal behavior. (CL)

  8. Project CLASS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBain, Susan L.; And Others

    Project CLASS (Competency-Based Live-Ability Skills) uses a series of 60 modules to teach life survival skills to adults with low-level reading ability--especially Adult Basic Education/English as a Second Language students. Two versions of the modules have been developed: one for use with teacher-directed instruction and another for independent…

  9. Project Succeed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, John

    Project Succeed is a program for helping failure- and dropout-oriented pupils to improve their school achievement. Attendance and assignment completion are the key behaviors for enhancing achievement. Behavior modification and communications procedures are used to bring about the desired changes. Treatment procedures include current assessment…

  10. Project ENRICH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gwaley, Elizabeth; And Others

    Project ENRICH was conceived in Beaver County, Pennsylvania, to: (1) identify preschool children with learning disabilities, and (2) to develop a program geared to the remediation of the learning disabilities within a school year, while allowing the child to be enrolled in a regular class situation for the following school year. Through…

  11. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-04-27

    The group portrait of the original seven astronauts for the Mercury Project. NASA selected its first seven astronauts on April 27, 1959. Left to right at front: Walter M. Wally Schirra, Donald K. Deke Slayton, John H. Glenn, Jr., and Scott Carpenter. Left to right at rear: Alan B. Shepard, Virgil I. Gus Grissom, and L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.

  12. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1963-05-16

    The recovery operation of the Faith 7 spacecraft after the completion of the 1-1/2 day orbital flight (MA-9 mission) with Astronaut Gordon Cooper. Navy frogmen attach the flotation collar to the spacecraft. The MA-9 mission was the last flight of the Mercury Project and launched on May 15, 1963 boosted by The Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle.

  13. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1963-09-09

    Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The Freedom 7 spacecraft boosted by Mercury-Redstone vehicle for the MR-3 mission made the first marned suborbital flight and Astronaut Shepard became the first American in space.

  14. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1963-05-16

    Astronaut Gordon Cooper leaves the Faith 7 (MA-9) spacecraft after a successful recovery operation. The MA-9 mission, the last flight of the Mercury Project, was launched on May 15, 1963, orbited the Earth 22 times, and lasted for 1-1/2 days.

  15. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1963-05-15

    Astronaut Gordon Cooper leaves the Faith 7 (MA-9) spacecraft after a successful recovery operation. The MA-9 mission, the last flight of the Mercury Project, was launched on May 15, 1963, orbited the Earth 22 times, and lasted for 1-1/2 days.

  16. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-04-27

    Astronaut Walter M. "Wally" Schirra, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-8 (Mercury-Atlas) mission with Sigma 7 spacecraft was the third marned orbital flight by the United States, and made the six orbits in 9-1/4 hours.

  17. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-04-27

    Astronaut Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MR-4 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Redstone vehicle, made the second marned suborbital flight. The capsule, Liberty Bell 7, sank into the sea after the splashdown.

  18. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-04-27

    Astronaut John H. Glenn, one of the original seven astronauts for Mercury Project selected by NASA on April 27, 1959. The MA-6 mission, boosted by the Mercury-Atlas vehicle, was the first manned orbital launch by the United States, and carried Astronaut Glenn aboard the Friendship 7 spacecraft to orbit the Earth.

  19. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2004-04-15

    The original seven astronauts for the Mercury Project pose in front of an Air Force Jet. From left to right: Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper, John H. Glenn, Virgil I. Gus Grissom, Walter M. Wally Schirra, Alan B. Shepard, and Donald K. Deke Slayton.

  20. Project COLD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazanjian, Wendy C.

    1982-01-01

    Describes Project COLD (Climate, Ocean, Land, Discovery) a scientific study of the Polar Regions, a collection of 35 modules used within the framework of existing subjects: oceanography, biology, geology, meterology, geography, social science. Includes a partial list of topics and one activity (geodesic dome) from a module. (Author/SK)

  1. Project Documerica

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of College Science Teaching, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The Environmental Protection Agency has started a project to actually picture the environmental movement in the United States. This is an attempt to make the public aware of the air pollution in their area or state and to acquaint them with the effects of air cleaning efforts. (PS)

  2. Project Paiute

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dearmin, Evalyn Titus

    1977-01-01

    Working with the Humboldt County School District, the Fort McDermitt Indian Education Committee, and four Paiute Teacher aides, the University of Nevada developed a three-component project: a bilingual/bicultural reading text for K-4 Paiutes; an in-service training program in Native American education; and a pilot bilingual curriculum. (JC)

  3. Projection methods

    Treesearch

    Michael E. Goerndt; W. Keith Moser; Patrick D. Miles; Dave Wear; Ryan D. DeSantis; Robert J. Huggett; Stephen R. Shifley; Francisco X. Aguilar; Kenneth E. Skog

    2016-01-01

    One purpose of the Northern Forest Futures Project is to predict change in future forest attributes across the 20 States in the U.S. North for the period that extends from 2010 to 2060. The forest attributes of primary interest are the 54 indicators of forest sustainability identified in the Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators (Montreal Process Working Group, n.d...

  4. Passport Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthey, Glen; Bourgoin, Stella, Ed.

    This project introduces second-grade students to international studies by having them create a passport. Once the students have their passports, the teacher can then present lessons to small groups, discussing one foreign country per session. The teacher should begin with a traditional lecture giving pertinent facts about a country followed by…

  5. Project Notes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Science Review, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Listed and described are student A-level biology projects in the following areas: Angiosperm studies (e.g., factors affecting growth of various plants), 7; Bacterial studies, 1; Insect studies, 2; Fish studies, 1; Mammal studies, 1; Human studies, 1; Synecology studies, 2; Environmental studies, 2; and Enzyme studies, 1. (CS)

  6. [The use of American plants in expeditionary projects of educated Spain].

    PubMed

    González Bueno, A

    1995-01-01

    The new model, economical and political, devised by the enlightened Spanish was going to propagate the execution of an ambitious, utopian and, in certain manner, original, plan of reconnaissance and exploitation of the colonial American facilities with evident tints monopolists. The development of this idea demanded the knowledge and the inventory of the natural resources as previous stage to the process of commercialization. The institutional development of this project is today very well-known. Being over from the commencement of the XIXth century, the heavy "bureaucratic" machine still more sluggish because of the entrance of the French troops to Spain, it will allow that the final outcome were delayed until 1831.

  7. SDN Project

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Rhett

    2016-12-23

    The SDN Project completed on time and on budget and successfully accomplished 100% of the scope of work outlined in the original Statement of Project Objective (SOPO). The SDN Project formed an alliance between Ameren Corporation, University of Illinois Urbana- Champaign (UIUC), Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL), and Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. (SEL). The objective of the SDN Project is to address Topic Area of Interest 2: Sustain critical energy delivery functions while responding to a cyber-intrusion under Funding Opportunity Announcement DE-FOA-0000797. The goal of the project is to design and commercially release technology that provides a method to sustain critical energy delivery functions during a cyber intrusion and to do this control system operators need the ability to quickly identify and isolate the affected network areas, and re-route critical information and control flows around. The objective of the SDN Project is to develop a Flow Controller that monitors, configures, and maintains the safe, reliable network traffic flows of all the local area networks (LANs) on a control system in the Energy sector. The SDN team identified the core attributes of a control system and produced an SDN flow controller that has the same core attributes enabling networks to be designed, configured and deployed that maximize the whitelisted, deny-bydefault and purpose built networks. This project researched, developed and commercially released technology that: Enables all field networks be to configured and monitored as if they are a single asset to be protected; Enables greatly improved and even precalculated response actions to reliability and cyber events; Supports pre-configured localized response actions tailored to provide resilience against failures and centralized response to cyber-attacks that improve network reliability and availability; Architecturally enables the right subject matter experts, who are usually the information

  8. Cognitive Education Project. Summary Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulcahy, Robert; And Others

    The Cognitive Education Project conducted a 3-year longitudinal evaluation of two cognitive education programs that were aimed at teaching thinking skills. The critical difference between the two experimental programs was that one, Feuerstein's Instrumental Enrichment (IE) method, was taught out of curricular content, while the other, the…

  9. Project Prometheus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Steve

    2003-01-01

    Project Prometheus will enable a new paradigm in the scientific exploration of the Solar System. The proposed JIMO mission will start a new generation of missions characterized by more maneuverability, flexibility, power and lifetime. Project Prometheus organization is established at NASA Headquarters: 1.Organization established to carry out development of JIMO, nuclear power (radioisotope), and nuclear propulsion research. 2.Completed broad technology and national capacity assessments to inform decision making on planning and technology development. 3.Awarded five NRA s for nuclear propulsion research. 4.Radioisotope power systems in development, and Plutonium-238 being purchased from Russia. 5.Formulated science driven near-term and long-term plan for the safe utilization of nuclear propulsion based missions. 6.Completed preliminary studies (Pre-Phase A) of JIMO and other missions. 7.Initiated JIMO Phase A studies by Contractors and NASA.

  10. Hydropower Projects

    SciTech Connect

    2015-04-02

    The Water Power Program helps industry harness this renewable, emissions-free resource to generate environmentally sustainable and cost-effective electricity. Through support for public, private, and nonprofit efforts, the Water Power Program promotes the development, demonstration, and deployment of advanced hydropower devices and pumped storage hydropower applications. These technologies help capture energy stored by diversionary structures, increase the efficiency of hydroelectric generation, and use excess grid energy to replenish storage reserves for use during periods of peak electricity demand. In addition, the Water Power Program works to assess the potential extractable energy from domestic water resources to assist industry and government in planning for our nation’s energy future. From FY 2008 to FY 2014, DOE’s Water Power Program announced awards totaling approximately $62.5 million to 33 projects focused on hydropower. Table 1 provides a brief description of these projects.

  11. Project summaries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Lunar base projects, including a reconfigurable lunar cargo launcher, a thermal and micrometeorite protection system, a versatile lifting machine with robotic capabilities, a cargo transport system, the design of a road construction system for a lunar base, and the design of a device for removing lunar dust from material surfaces, are discussed. The emphasis on the Gulf of Mexico project was on the development of a computer simulation model for predicting vessel station keeping requirements. An existing code, used in predicting station keeping requirements for oil drilling platforms operating in North Shore (Alaska) waters was used as a basis for the computer simulation. Modifications were made to the existing code. The input into the model consists of satellite altimeter readings and water velocity readings from buoys stationed in the Gulf of Mexico. The satellite data consists of altimeter readings (wave height) taken during the spring of 1989. The simulation model predicts water velocity and direction, and wind velocity.

  12. SIMBIOS Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fargion, Giulietta S.; McClain, Charles R.; Busalacchi, Antonio J. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this technical report is to provide current documentation of the Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies (SIMBIOS) Project activities, NASA Research Announcement (NRAI) research status, satellite data processing, data product validation, and field calibration. This documentation is necessary to ensure that critical information is related to the scientific community and NASA management. This critical information includes the technical difficulties and challenges of validating and combining ocean color data from an array of independent satellite systems to form consistent and accurate global bio-optical time series products. This technical report is not meant as a substitute for scientific literature. Instead, it will provide a ready and responsive vehicle for the multitude of technical reports issued by an operational project.

  13. Mercury Project

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1959-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency's (ABMA) Development Operations Division, poses with the original Mercury astronauts in ABMA's Fabrication Laboratory during a 1959 visit. Inspecting Mercury-Redstone hardware are from left to right, Alan Shepard, Donald Deke Slayton, Virgil Gus Grissom, von Braun, Gordon Cooper, Wally Schirra, John Glenn, and Scott Carpenter. Project Mercury officially began October 7, 1958 as the United States' first manned space program.

  14. Project MEDSAT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    During the winter term of 1991, two design courses at the University of Michigan worked on a joint project, MEDSAT. The two design teams consisted of the Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Spacite System Design and Aerospace Engineering 483 (Aero 483) Aerospace System Design. In collaboration, they worked to produce MEDSAT, a satellite and scientific payload whose purpose was to monitor environmental conditions over Chiapas, Mexico. Information gained from the sensing, combined with regional data, would be used to determine the potential for malaria occurrence in that area. The responsibilities of AOSS 605 consisted of determining the remote sensing techniques, the data processing, and the method to translate the information into a usable output. Aero 483 developed the satellite configuration and the subsystems required for the satellite to accomplish its task. The MEDSAT project is an outgrowth of work already being accomplished by NASA's Biospheric and Disease Monitoring Program and Ames Research Center. NASA's work has been to develop remote sensing techniques to determine the abundance of disease carriers and now this project will place the techniques aboard a satellite. MEDSAT will be unique in its use of both a Synthetic Aperture Radar and visual/IR sensor to obtain comprehensive monitoring of the site. In order to create a highly feasible system, low cost was a high priority. To obtain this goal, a light satellite configuration launched by the Pegasus launch vehicle was used.

  15. Project MEDSAT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    During the winter term of 1991, two design courses at the University of Michigan worked on a joint project, MEDSAT. The two design teams consisted of the Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Spacite System Design and Aerospace Engineering 483 (Aero 483) Aerospace System Design. In collaboration, they worked to produce MEDSAT, a satellite and scientific payload whose purpose was to monitor environmental conditions over Chiapas, Mexico. Information gained from the sensing, combined with regional data, would be used to determine the potential for malaria occurrence in that area. The responsibilities of AOSS 605 consisted of determining the remote sensing techniques, the data processing, and the method to translate the information into a usable output. Aero 483 developed the satellite configuration and the subsystems required for the satellite to accomplish its task. The MEDSAT project is an outgrowth of work already being accomplished by NASA's Biospheric and Disease Monitoring Program and Ames Research Center. NASA's work has been to develop remote sensing techniques to determine the abundance of disease carriers and now this project will place the techniques aboard a satellite. MEDSAT will be unique in its use of both a Synthetic Aperture Radar and visual/IR sensor to obtain comprehensive monitoring of the site. In order to create a highly feasible system, low cost was a high priority. To obtain this goal, a light satellite configuration launched by the Pegasus launch vehicle was used.

  16. TPS In-Flight Health Monitoring Project Progress Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kostyk, Chris; Richards, Lance; Hudston, Larry; Prosser, William

    2007-01-01

    Progress in the development of new thermal protection systems (TPS) is reported. New approaches use embedded lightweight, sensitive, fiber optic strain and temperature sensors within the TPS. Goals of the program are to develop and demonstrate a prototype TPS health monitoring system, develop a thermal-based damage detection algorithm, characterize limits of sensor/system performance, and develop ea methodology transferable to new designs of TPS health monitoring systems. Tasks completed during the project helped establish confidence in understanding of both test setup and the model and validated system/sensor performance in a simple TPS structure. Other progress included complete initial system testing, commencement of the algorithm development effort, generation of a damaged thermal response characteristics database, initial development of a test plan for integration testing of proven FBG sensors in simple TPS structure, and development of partnerships to apply the technology.

  17. CPC air-blown integrated gasification combined cycle project. Quarterly report, October--December 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The overall project cost and schedule. The combustion turbine commercial operation date is scheduled for 7/1/95 with the combined cycle commercial operation date of 7/1/96. A two year demonstration period will commence after IGCC commercial operation. Details of costs on a total project and DOE Envelope basis along with detailed schedule components were covered. Major cost variances to date were discussed. The major variances this year relate to contracts which were anticipated to be finalized mid 1992 but which are not executed. These include GEESI, the ASU and key vessels. Some of these contracts are almost in place and others are scheduled for the first quarter 1993. Numerous project specifications, process flow diagrams, piping and instrument diagrams and other drawings have been reviewed and approved as part of the preliminary engineering process.

  18. The PARAChute Project: Remote Monitoring of Posture and Gait for Fall Prevention

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hewson, David J.; Duchêne, Jacques; Charpillet, François; Saboune, Jamal; Michel-Pellegrino, Valérie; Amoud, Hassan; Doussot, Michel; Paysant, Jean; Boyer, Anne; Hogrel, Jean-Yves

    2007-12-01

    Falls in the elderly are a major public health problem due to both their frequency and their medical and social consequences. In France alone, more than two million people aged over 65 years old fall each year, leading to more than 9 000 deaths, in particular in those over 75 years old (more than 8 000 deaths). This paper describes the PARAChute project, which aims to develop a methodology that will enable the detection of an increased risk of falling in community-dwelling elderly. The methods used for a remote noninvasive assessment for static and dynamic balance assessments and gait analysis are described. The final result of the project has been the development of an algorithm for movement detection during gait and a balance signature extracted from a force plate. A multicentre longitudinal evaluation of balance has commenced in order to validate the methodologies and technologies developed in the project.

  19. 78 FR 75944 - Commencement of Claims Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-13

    ... Jamahiriya (D.D.C.) 04-cv-2055. Franqui v. Syrian Arab Republic, et al. (D.D.C.) 06-cv-734. Hagerman v..., 1972 attack at Lod Airport in Israel, as alleged in Franqui v. Syrian Arab Republic, et al. (D.D.C.)...

  20. Effective Student Motivation Commences with Resolving "Dissatisfiers"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prescott, Ann; Simpson, Edward

    2004-01-01

    The evolution in students' expectations based on Maslow's theory of human motivation shows a transition from expectations having an effect upon motivation towards those providing a satisfactory experience. Maslow's argument was that once the lower level needs, such as physiological and safety needs, are met other higher needs emerge. In the…

  1. PSD Regulations - Interpretation of Commencement of Construct

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  2. Commencement Bay Study. Volume IV. Invertebrates.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-31

    BAY Taxa Epibenthic Pump Infaunal Core Hydrozoa Hydroida (polyp) + Scyphozoa Scyphozoan medusae + Nemertea + Nematoda + + Turbellaria Polycladida...several species included Cumacea (7 species), ysidacea (4 species), and Tanaidacea (4 species) (Table 4). The Nematoda and Oligochaeta were often very...harpacticoid copepods, Corophium, Cumella vulgaris, and Pancolus californiensis. Nematoda , Oligochaeta, and Harpacticoida are distributed over all the

  3. Commencement Bay Study. Volume III. Fish Wetlands.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-31

    pelagic prey in fresh water and when they first enter the marine environment (Lavanidov 1955, Neave 1966, Sparrow 1968, LeBrasseur 1969, Manzer 1968...1975, 1976, 1977, and 1978 ( Fraser 1978; Washington Department of Fisheries 1977, 1979, 1981b). Timing histograms indicate catches occur from early...marine area IIA for 1973, 1976 and 1977. ( Fraser , 1978 and WDF, 1977, 1979, 1981, and Geist, 1981). Fall Chinook Coho Chum Pink Sockeye 1975 729

  4. Effective Student Motivation Commences with Resolving "Dissatisfiers"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prescott, Ann; Simpson, Edward

    2004-01-01

    The evolution in students' expectations based on Maslow's theory of human motivation shows a transition from expectations having an effect upon motivation towards those providing a satisfactory experience. Maslow's argument was that once the lower level needs, such as physiological and safety needs, are met other higher needs emerge. In the…

  5. 38 CFR 21.3331 - Commencing date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Under 38 U.S.C... course of special restorative training, or the date the counseling psychologist or vocational rehabilitation counselor approved the course for the eligible person whichever is later. See also § 21.4131...

  6. 38 CFR 21.3331 - Commencing date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Under 38 U.S.C... course of special restorative training, or the date the counseling psychologist or vocational rehabilitation counselor approved the course for the eligible person whichever is later. See also § 21.4131...

  7. 38 CFR 21.3331 - Commencing date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Under 38 U.S.C... course of special restorative training, or the date the counseling psychologist or vocational rehabilitation counselor approved the course for the eligible person whichever is later. See also § 21.4131...

  8. 38 CFR 21.3331 - Commencing date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Under 38 U.S.C... course of special restorative training, or the date the counseling psychologist or vocational rehabilitation counselor approved the course for the eligible person whichever is later. See also § 21.4131...

  9. 38 CFR 21.3331 - Commencing date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Under 38 U.S.C... course of special restorative training, or the date the counseling psychologist or vocational rehabilitation counselor approved the course for the eligible person whichever is later. See also § 21.4131...

  10. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... lead to a standard college degree. (1) Residence school: See paragraph (b) of this section. (2... the earlier of the following dates: (1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid...

  11. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course offered by independent study, the... training establishment—course does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a veteran or servicemember enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered...

  12. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course offered by independent study, the... training establishment—course does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a veteran or servicemember enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered...

  13. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... lead to a standard college degree. (1) Residence school: See paragraph (b) of this section. (2... the earlier of the following dates: (1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid...

  14. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... lead to a standard college degree. (1) Residence school: See paragraph (b) of this section. (2... the earlier of the following dates: (1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid...

  15. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course offered by independent study, the... training establishment—course does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a veteran or servicemember enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered...

  16. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... lead to a standard college degree. (1) Residence school: See paragraph (b) of this section. (2... the earlier of the following dates: (1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid...

  17. 38 CFR 21.4131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...—the course or subject leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course... lead to a standard college degree. (1) Residence school: See paragraph (b) of this section. (2... the earlier of the following dates: (1) The date the tuition and fees are no longer being paid...

  18. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course offered by independent study, the... training establishment—course does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a veteran or servicemember enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered...

  19. 38 CFR 21.7131 - Commencing dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... standard college degree. (1) When the student enrolls in a course offered by independent study, the... training establishment—course does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When a veteran or servicemember enrolls in a course which does not lead to a standard college degree and which is offered...

  20. Uzbekistan unveiled. [Uranium production to commence

    SciTech Connect

    Mazurkevich, A.P.

    1993-05-01

    Through centuries of revolution, war and strife, the people of Uzbekistan have built a reputation as skilled and tenacious merchants. Since antiquity, when the Silk Road from China turned toward Europe at Smarakand, they have been master traders of such valuable commodities as cotton, fruits, vegetables, spices and gold. Now, they're about to introduce another of their specialties to the world: Uranium. Uranium mining in the country is controlled by a new, independent company, the Kizilkumredmetzoloto, parent of the Navoi Mining Metallurgy Combine [NMMC]. Established in 1958 at the height of the Cold War, when uranium mining for military stockpiles got started in earnest, Navoi was wholly owned by the USSR's Ministry of Medium Machine Building. Up until 1991, virtually all of Navoi's uranium production, strictly in the form of uranium concentrates, was used for either military purposes or for nuclear power plants within the former Soviet Union. The republic exerted no control over the final destination of its uranium. All production and operating decisions for Navoi's mines were dictated by the Soviet Union's Ministry of Atomic Power Industry [MAPI], which developed annual quotas for uranium production in each republic of the country. Uranium from the republics was sold to Techsnabexport [Tenex], the distribution and marketing arm of MAPI. Exports to other countries were handled strictly by Tenex.

  1. Project Exodus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    Project Exodus is an in-depth study to identify and address the basic problems of a manned mission to Mars. The most important problems concern propulsion, life support, structure, trajectory, and finance. Exodus will employ a passenger ship, cargo ship, and landing craft for the journey to Mars. These three major components of the mission design are discussed separately. Within each component the design characteristics of structures, trajectory, and propulsion are addressed. The design characteristics of life support are mentioned only in those sections requiring it.

  2. Project Exodus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bryant, Rodney (Compiler); Dillon, Jennifer (Compiler); Grewe, George (Compiler); Mcmorrow, Jim (Compiler); Melton, Craig (Compiler); Rainey, Gerald (Compiler); Rinko, John (Compiler); Singh, David (Compiler); Yen, Tzu-Liang (Compiler)

    1990-01-01

    A design for a manned Mars mission, PROJECT EXODUS is presented. PROJECT EXODUS incorporates the design of a hypersonic waverider, cargo ship and NIMF (nuclear rocket using indigenous Martian fuel) shuttle lander to safely carry out a three to five month mission on the surface of Mars. The cargo ship transports return fuel, return engine, surface life support, NIMF shuttle, and the Mars base to low Mars orbit (LMO). The cargo ship is powered by a nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) system which allows the cargo ship to execute a spiral trajectory to Mars. The waverider transports ten astronauts to Mars and back. It is launched from the Space Station with propulsion provided by a chemical engine and a delta velocity of 9 km/sec. The waverider performs an aero-gravity assist maneuver through the atmosphere of Venus to obtain a deflection angle and increase in delta velocity. Once the waverider and cargo ship have docked the astronauts will detach the landing cargo capsules and nuclear electric power plant and remotely pilot them to the surface. They will then descend to the surface aboard the NIMF shuttle. A dome base will be quickly constructed on the surface and the astronauts will conduct an exploratory mission for three to five months. They will return to Earth and dock with the Space Station using the waverider.

  3. Project Explorer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dannenberg, K. K.; Henderson, A.; Lee, J.; Smith, G.; Stluka, E.

    1984-01-01

    PROJECT EXPLORER is a program that will fly student-developed experiments onboard the Space Shuttle in NASA's Get-Away Special (GAS) containers. The program is co-sponsored by the Alabama Space and Rocket Center, the Alabama-Mississippi Section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Alabama A&M University and requires extensive support by the University of Alabama in Huntsville. A unique feature of this project will demonstrate transmissions to ground stations on amateur radio frequencies in English language. Experiments Nos. 1, 2, and 3 use the microgravity of space flight to study the solidification of lead-antimony and aluminum-copper alloys, the growth of potassium-tetracyanoplatinate hydrate crystals in an aqueous solution, and the germination of radish seeds. Flight results will be compared with Earth-based data. Experiment No. 4 features radio transmission and will also provide timing for the start of all other experiments. A microprocessor will obtain real-time data from all experiments as well as temperature and pressure measurements taken inside the canister. These data will be transmitted on previously announced amateur radio frequencies after they have been converted into the English language by a digitalker for general reception.

  4. Project Explorer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dannenberg, K. K.; Henderson, A.; Lee, J.; Smith, G.; Stluka, E.

    1984-01-01

    PROJECT EXPLORER is a program that will fly student-developed experiments onboard the Space Shuttle in NASA's Get-Away Special (GAS) containers. The program is co-sponsored by the Alabama Space and Rocket Center, the Alabama-Mississippi Section of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Alabama A&M University and requires extensive support by the University of Alabama in Huntsville. A unique feature of this project will demonstrate transmissions to ground stations on amateur radio frequencies in English language. Experiments Nos. 1, 2, and 3 use the microgravity of space flight to study the solidification of lead-antimony and aluminum-copper alloys, the growth of potassium-tetracyanoplatinate hydrate crystals in an aqueous solution, and the germination of radish seeds. Flight results will be compared with Earth-based data. Experiment No. 4 features radio transmission and will also provide timing for the start of all other experiments. A microprocessor will obtain real-time data from all experiments as well as temperature and pressure measurements taken inside the canister. These data will be transmitted on previously announced amateur radio frequencies after they have been converted into the English language by a digitalker for general reception.

  5. SIMBIOS Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fargion, Giulietta S.; McClain, Charles R.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this technical report is to provide current documentation of the Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies (SIMBIOS) Project activities, NASA Research Announcement (NRA) research status, satellite data processing, data product validation, and field calibration. This documentation is necessary to ensure that critical information is related to the scientific community and NASA management. This critical information includes the technical difficulties and challenges of validating and combining ocean color data from an array of independent satellite systems to form consistent and accurate global bio-optical time series products. This technical report is not meant as a substitute for scientific literature. Instead, it will provide a ready and responsive vehicle for the multitude of technical reports issued by an operational project. The SIMBIOS Science Team Principal Investigators' (PIs) original contributions to this report are in chapters four and above. The purpose of these contributions is to describe the current research status of the SIMBIOS-NRA-96 funded research. The contributions are published as submitted, with the exception of minor edits to correct obvious grammatical or clerical errors.

  6. PORTNUS Project

    SciTech Connect

    Loyal, Rebecca E.

    2015-07-14

    The objective of the Portunus Project is to create large, automated offshore ports that will the pace and scale of international trade. Additionally, these ports would increase the number of U.S. domestic trade vessels needed, as the imported goods would need to be transported from these offshore platforms to land-based ports such as Boston, Los Angeles, and Newark. Currently, domestic trade in the United States can only be conducted by vessels that abide by the Merchant Marine Act of 1920 – also referred to as the Jones Act. The Jones Act stipulates that vessels involved in domestic trade must be U.S. owned, U.S. built, and manned by a crew made up of U.S. citizens. The Portunus Project would increase the number of Jones Act vessels needed, which raises an interesting economic concern. Are Jones Act ships more expensive to operate than foreign vessels? Would it be more economically efficient to modify the Jones Act and allow vessels manned by foreign crews to engage in U.S. domestic trade? While opposition to altering the Jones Act is strong, it is important to consider the possibility that ship-owners who employ foreign crews will lobby for the chance to enter a growing domestic trade market. Their success would mean potential job loss for thousands of Americans currently employed in maritime trade.

  7. SISCAL project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santer, Richard P.; Fell, Frank

    2003-05-01

    The first "ocean colour" sensor, Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS), was launched in 1978. Oceanographers learnt a lot from CZCS but it remained a purely scientific sensor. In recent years, a new generation of satellite-borne earth observation (EO) instruments has been brought into space. These instruments combine high spectral and spatial resolution with revisiting rates of the order of one per day. More instruments with further increased spatial, spectral and temporal resolution will be available within the next years. In the meantime, evaluation procedures taking advantage of the capabilities of the new instruments were derived, allowing the retrieval of ecologically important parameters with higher accuracy than before. Space agencies are now able to collect and to process satellite data in real time and to disseminate them via the Internet. It is therefore meanwhile possible to envisage using EO operationally. In principle, a significant demand for EO data products on terrestrial or marine ecosystems exists both with public authorities (environmental protection, emergency management, natural resources management, national parks, regional planning, etc) and private companies (tourist industry, insurance companies, water suppliers, etc). However, for a number of reasons, many data products that can be derived from the new instruments and methods have not yet left the scientific community towards public or private end users. It is the intention of the proposed SISCAL (Satellite-based Information System on Coastal Areas and Lakes) project to contribute to the closure of the existing gap between space agencies and research institutions on one side and end users on the other side. To do so, we intend to create a data processor that automatically derives and subsequently delivers over the Internet, in Near-Real-Time (NRT), a number of data products tailored to individual end user needs. The data products will be generated using a Geographical Information System (GIS

  8. SNOX demonstration project: Volume 2, Project performance and economics. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-07-01

    The SNOX process, developed by Haldor Topsoe A/S and demonstrated and marketed in North America by ABB Environmental Systems (ABBES), is an innovative process which removes both sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from power plant flue gases. Sulfur dioxide is recovered as high purity, concentrated sulfuric acid and nitrogen oxides are converted to nitrogen gas and water vapor; no additional waste streams are produced. As part of the Clean Coal Technology Program, this project was demonstrated under joint sponsorship from the US Department of Energy, Ohio Coal Development Office, ABBES, Snamprogetti, and Ohio Edison. The project objective was to demonstrate the SO{sub 2}/NO{sub x} reduction efficiencies of the SNOX process on an electric power plant firing high-sulfur Ohio Coal. A 35-MWe demonstration has been conducted on a 108-MWe unit, Ohio Edison`s Niles Plant Unit 2, in Trumbull County, Ohio. The $31.4 million project began site preparation in November 1990 and commenced treating flue gas in March of 1992. A parametric test program has been completed. This report presents a description of the technology, results from the 33 month testing and operation phase, and information from a commercial scale economic evaluation. During the demonstration, the process met or exceeded its design goals of 95% SO{sub 2} removal, 90% NO{sub x} removal, and production of commercial grade (>93.2 wt.%) sulfuric acid. The plant was operated for approximately 8000 hours and produced more than 5600 tons of acid, which was purchased and distributed by a local supplier to end users. Projected economics for a 500 MWe commercial SNOX plant indicate a total capital requirement of 305 $/kW, levelized incremental cost of power at 6.1 mills/kWh, 219 $/ton of SO{sub 2} removed, and 198 $/ton of SO{sub 2}+NO{sub x} removed (all at constant dollars).

  9. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manchester, R. N.; Hobbs, G.; Bailes, M.; Coles, W. A.; van Straten, W.; Keith, M. J.; Shannon, R. M.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Brown, A.; Burke-Spolaor, S. G.; Champion, D. J.; Chaudhary, A.; Edwards, R. T.; Hampson, G.; Hotan, A. W.; Jameson, A.; Jenet, F. A.; Kesteven, M. J.; Khoo, J.; Kocz, J.; Maciesiak, K.; Oslowski, S.; Ravi, V.; Reynolds, J. R.; Sarkissian, J. M.; Verbiest, J. P. W.; Wen, Z. L.; Wilson, W. E.; Yardley, D.; Yan, W. M.; You, X. P.

    2013-01-01

    A `pulsar timing array' (PTA), in which observations of a large sample of pulsars spread across the celestial sphere are combined, allows investigation of `global' phenomena such as a background of gravitational waves or instabilities in atomic timescales that produce correlated timing residuals in the pulsars of the array. The Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (PPTA) is an implementation of the PTA concept based on observations with the Parkes 64-m radio telescope. A sample of 20 ms pulsars is being observed at three radio-frequency bands, 50 cm (~700 MHz), 20 cm (~1400 MHz), and 10 cm (~3100 MHz), with observations at intervals of two to three weeks. Regular observations commenced in early 2005. This paper describes the systems used for the PPTA observations and data processing, including calibration and timing analysis. The strategy behind the choice of pulsars, observing parameters, and analysis methods is discussed. Results are presented for PPTA data in the three bands taken between 2005 March and 2011 March. For 10 of the 20 pulsars, rms timing residuals are less than 1 μs for the best band after fitting for pulse frequency and its first time derivative. Significant `red' timing noise is detected in about half of the sample. We discuss the implications of these results on future projects including the International Pulsar Timing Array and a PTA based on the Square Kilometre Array. We also present an `extended PPTA' data set that combines PPTA data with earlier Parkes timing data for these pulsars.

  10. The PLX- α Project: Progress and Plans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, S.; Witherspoon, F. D.; Cassibry, J.; Gilmore, M.; Samulyak, R.; Stoltz, P.; PLX-α Team

    2016-10-01

    The Plasma Liner Experiment-ALPHA (PLX- α) project aims to demonstrate the viability of spherically imploding plasma liners as a standoff driver for plasma-jet-driven magneto-inertial fusion (PJMIF). In the past year, progress has been made in designing and testing new contoured-gap coaxial guns, 3D model development and simulations (via Eulerian and Lagrangian hydrocodes) of PLX- α-relevant plasma-liner formation/implosion via up to 60 plasma jets ( 100 kJ of liner kinetic energy), 1D semi-analytic and numerical modeling of reactor-scale PJMIF (10s of MJ of liner kinetic energy), and preparation/upgrade of the PLX facility/diagnostics. The design goal for the coaxial guns is to form plasma jets of up to initial n 2 ×1016 cm-3, mass 5 mg, Vjet 50 km/s, rjet = 4 cm, and length 10 cm. The modeling research is assessing ram-pressure amplification and Mach-number degradation during liner convergence, evolution of liner non-uniformity amplitude and mode number, and exploration of PJMIF configurations with promising 1D and 2D fusion gains. Conical multi-jet-merging and full-4 π experiments will commence in Fall, 2016 and late 2017, respectively. Supported by the ARPA-E ALPHA Program.

  11. Past Project Expo Sites

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page provides information for Project Expo sites that were featured at the LMOP Conferences in 2013 and 2014. Project Expo sites were featured as being interested in identifying project partners for the development of an LFG energy project.

  12. Project Grandmaster

    SciTech Connect

    2013-09-16

    The purpose of the Project Grandmaster Application is to allow individuals to opt-in and give the application access to data sources about their activities on social media sites. The application will cross-reference these data sources to build up a picture of each individual activities they discuss, either at present or in the past, and place this picture in reference to groups of all participants. The goal is to allow an individual to place themselves in the collective and to understand how their behavior patterns fit with the group and potentially find changes to make, such as activities they weren’t already aware of or different groups of interest they might want to follow.

  13. VIPER project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kershaw, John

    1990-01-01

    The VIPER project has so far produced a formal specification of a 32 bit RISC microprocessor, an implementation of that chip in radiation-hard SOS technology, a partial proof of correctness of the implementation which is still being extended, and a large body of supporting software. The time has now come to consider what has been achieved and what directions should be pursued in the future. The most obvious lesson from the VIPER project was the time and effort needed to use formal methods properly. Most of the problems arose in the interfaces between different formalisms, e.g., between the (informal) English description and the HOL spec, between the block-level spec in HOL and the equivalent in ELLA needed by the low-level CAD tools. These interfaces need to be made rigorous or (better) eliminated. VIPER 1A (the latest chip) is designed to operate in pairs, to give protection against breakdowns in service as well as design faults. We have come to regard redundancy and formal design methods as complementary, the one to guard against normal component failures and the other to provide insurance against the risk of the common-cause failures which bedevil reliability predictions. Any future VIPER chips will certainly need improved performance to keep up with increasingly demanding applications. We have a prototype design (not yet specified formally) which includes 32 and 64 bit multiply, instruction pre-fetch, more efficient interface timing, and a new instruction to allow a quick response to peripheral requests. Work is under way to specify this device in MIRANDA, and then to refine the spec into a block-level design by top-down transformations. When the refinement is complete, a relatively simple proof checker should be able to demonstrate its correctness. This paper is presented in viewgraph form.

  14. TFTR DT preparation project status

    SciTech Connect

    Perry, E.D.; Dudek, L.E.

    1993-11-01

    The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) research program is preparing to commence the first high power Deuterium-Tritium (DT) experiments of the US Fusion Program. Hardware upgrades to TFTR required for DT operations have been completed. This paper discusses these hardware preparations.

  15. Project Success in Agile Development Software Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farlik, John T.

    2016-01-01

    Project success has multiple definitions in the scholarly literature. Research has shown that some scholars and practitioners define project success as the completion of a project within schedule and within budget. Others consider a successful project as one in which the customer is satisfied with the product. This quantitative study was conducted…

  16. Ace Project as a Project Management Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Melinda; Guynes, Carl S.; Simard, Karine

    2010-01-01

    The primary challenge of project management is to achieve the project goals and objectives while adhering to project constraints--usually scope, quality, time and budget. The secondary challenge is to optimize the allocation and integration of resources necessary to meet pre-defined objectives. Project management software provides an active…

  17. Project Success in Agile Development Software Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farlik, John T.

    2016-01-01

    Project success has multiple definitions in the scholarly literature. Research has shown that some scholars and practitioners define project success as the completion of a project within schedule and within budget. Others consider a successful project as one in which the customer is satisfied with the product. This quantitative study was conducted…

  18. Project Information Packages Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RMC Research Corp., Mountain View, CA.

    Presented are an overview booklet, a project selection guide, and six Project Information Packages (PIPs) for six exemplary projects serving underachieving students in grades k through 9. The overview booklet outlines the PIP projects and includes a chart of major project features. A project selection guide reviews the PIP history, PIP contents,…

  19. Responsiveness of SF-36 Health Survey and Patient Generated Index in people with chronic knee pain commenced on oral analgesia: analysis of data from a randomised controlled clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Papou, Alex; Hussain, Salma; McWilliams, Daniel; Zhang, Weiya; Doherty, Michael

    2017-03-01

    (1) To assess the responsiveness of the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and Patient Generated Index (PGI) in people with knee pain who were given oral analgesics; and (2) to perform content analysis of the SF-36 and PGI aiming to identify differences between the instruments and causes of different responsiveness. An observational study nested within a randomised controlled trial comparing oral paracetamol, ibuprofen or a combination of the two in 884 community-derived people with chronic knee pain. Each participant was given the SF-36 and PGI questionnaires to fill out at baseline, day 10, week 7 and week 13 after commencement on analgesia. Responsiveness was measured as a standardised response mean from baseline, and contents of the instruments were analysed. The PGI showed the greater responsiveness to analgesics than the SF-36 throughout the study period. Only the Bodily Pain Score of the SF-36 showed comparable responsiveness to the PGI. The standardised response mean of the PGI at 13 weeks was 0.61 (95% CI 0.51-0.72), and that of the Bodily Pain Score of the SF-36 was 0.49 (95% CI 0.39-0.58). Content analysis of the PGI identified multiple areas which are not represented in the SF-36 which may help explain its performance. Overall the PGI is more responsive than the SF-36 to commonly used oral analgesics taken for knee pain. The PGI is able to elicit areas of individualised health-related quality of life which are not captured by the SF-36.

  20. Commissioning the NIFFTE Time Projection Chamber: Towards the 238U / 235U (n, f) Cross-section Ratio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meharchand, R.; Asner, D. M.; Baker, R. G.; Bundgaard, J.; Burgett, E.; Cunningham, M.; Deaven, J.; Duke, D. L.; Greife, U.; Grimes, S.; Heffner, M.; Hill, T.; Isenhower, D.; Klay, J. L.; Kleinrath, V.; Kornilov, N.; Laptev, A. B.; Loveland, W.; Massey, T. N.; Qu, H.; Ruz, J.; Sangiorgio, S.; Seilhan, B.; Snyder, L.; Stave, S.; Tatishvili, G.; Thornton, R. T.; Tovesson, F.; Towell, D.; Towell, R. S.; Watson, S.; Wendt, B.; Wood, L.

    2014-05-01

    The Neutron Induced Fission Fragment Tracking Experiment (NIFFTE) collaboration is developing a Time Projection Chamber (TPC) to measure neutron-induced fission cross sections with unprecedented accuracy. Modifying TPC technology for nuclear physics applications is a challenging endeavor, and frequent testing and evaluation is required to ensure that all components are behaving as expected. In-beam tests of the NIFFTE TPC at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LAN-SCE) commenced in 2010. An overview of the NIFFTE TPC experiments performed at LANSCE will be presented, along with preliminary performance results.