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Sample records for needle aspiration biopsies

  1. Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid

    MedlinePlus

    ... Index A-Z Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid An ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy ... Thyroid? What is Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid? During a fine needle aspiration ...

  2. Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid

    MedlinePlus

    ... nodule and aspirate samples of tissue. After the sampling, the needle will be removed. New needles will ... for adequate biopsies. Needle biopsy is a reliable method of obtaining tissue samples that can help diagnose ...

  3. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of ophthalmic tumors☆

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Arun D.; Biscotti, Charles V.

    2012-01-01

    A majority of intraocular tumors can be diagnosed based on clinical examination and ocular imaging studies, which obviate the need for diagnostic ophthalmic fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Overall, diagnostic accuracy of ophthalmic FNAB is high but limited cellularity can compromise the diagnostic potential of ophthalmic aspirate samples. The role of ophthalmic FNAB is limited in retinal tumors. Orbital FNAB should be considered in the evaluation of lacrimal gland tumors, orbital metastasis, and lymphoproliferative lesions. Negative cytologic diagnosis of malignancy should not be considered unequivocal proof that an intraocular malignancy does not exist. With improved understanding of genetic prognostic factors of uveal melanoma, ophthalmic FNAB is gaining popularity for prognostic purposes in combination with eye conserving treatment of the primary tumor. In special clinical indications, ancillary studies such as immunohistochemistry and FISH can be performed on ophthalmic FNAB samples. Assistance of an experienced cytopathologist cannot be overemphasized. PMID:23960981

  4. Comparative Study of Core Needle Biopsy and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Palpable Breast Lumps: Scenario in Developing Nations.

    PubMed

    Tikku, Gargi; Umap, Pradeep

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of core needle biopsy as a diagnostic tool for palpable breast lumps in developing countries as compared to fine needle aspiration cytology. All patients attending the surgery outpatient department with palpable breast lumps were subjected to fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy by the same operator in a single session. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed by the standard technique. Core needle biopsy was done freehand using a 14G manual core biopsy needle. Reporting categories of the two techniques were taken from the standard National Health Service Breast Screening Programme criteria and were compared with the final histopathology results. A total of 107 patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy simultaneously. Histopathology was available for 85 cases. Statistical analysis of fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy showed no significant difference between the diagnoses offered by core needle biopsy and histopathology while there was a significant difference between fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathology diagnoses. Core needle biopsy detected more breast carcinomas as compared to fine needle aspiration cytology with a sensitivity 95.83% as opposed to 64.58%. Though both the techniques were equally specific (100%), Core needle biopsy was able to correctly categorize borderline / inadequate lesions into definitely benign and malignant categories. We suggest that core needle biopsy should be preferred over fine needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis of palpable breast lumps with fine needle aspiration cytology being reserved for definitely benign lesions.

  5. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration versus core needle biopsy: comparison of post-biopsy hematoma rates and risk factors.

    PubMed

    Chae, In Hye; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Park, Vivian Y; Kwak, Jin Young

    2017-07-01

    To compare post-biopsy hematoma rates between ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration and ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy, and to investigate risk factors for post-biopsy hematoma. A total of 5304 thyroid nodules which underwent ultrasound guided biopsy were included in this retrospective study. We compared clinical and US features between patients with and without post-biopsy hematoma. Associations between these features and post-biopsy hematoma were analyzed. Post-biopsy hematoma rate was 0.8% (43/5121) for ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration and 4.9% (9/183) for ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy (P < 0.001). For ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration, gender, age, size, presence of vascularity, and suspicious US features were not associated with post-biopsy hematoma according to experience level. Post-biopsy hematoma occurred significantly more with ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy (9/179, 5.0%) than with ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration (9/1138, 0.8%) (P < 0.001) in experienced performers and ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy was the only significant risk factor for post-biopsy hematoma (adjusted Odds Ratio, 6.458, P < 0.001). Post-biopsy hematoma occurred significantly more in ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy than in ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration and ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy was the only independent factor of post-biopsy hematoma in thyroid nodules.

  6. Core Needle Biopsy and Fine Needle Aspiration Alone or in Combination: Diagnostic Accuracy and Impact on Management of Renal Masses.

    PubMed

    Cate, Frances; Kapp, Meghan E; Arnold, Shanna A; Gellert, Lan L; Hameed, Omar; Clark, Peter E; Wile, Geoffrey; Coogan, Alice; Giannico, Giovanna A

    2017-06-01

    Fine needle aspiration with and without concurrent core needle biopsy is a minimally invasive method to diagnose and assist in management of renal masses. We assessed the pathological accuracy of fine needle aspiration compared to and associated with core needle biopsy and the impact on management. We performed a single institution, retrospective study of 342 cases from 2001 to 2015 with small and large renal masses (4 or less and greater than 4 cm, respectively). Diagnostic and concordance rates, and the impact on management were analyzed. Adequacy rates for fine needle aspiration only, core needle biopsy only and fine needle aspiration plus core needle biopsy were 21%, 12% and 8% (aspiration vs aspiration plus biopsy p <0.026). In the aspiration plus biopsy group adding aspiration to biopsy and biopsy to aspiration reduced the inadequacy rate from 23% to 8% and from 27% to 8% for a total reduction rate of 15% and 19%, respectively, corresponding to 32 cases (9.3%). Rapid on-site examination contributed to a 22.5% improvement in fine needle aspiration adequacy rates. In this cohort 30% of aspiration only, 5% of biopsy only and 12% of aspiration plus biopsy could not be subtyped (aspiration vs biopsy p <0.0001, aspiration vs aspiration plus biopsy p <0.0127 and biopsy vs aspiration plus biopsy p = 0.06). The diagnostic concordance rate with surgical resection was 99%. Conversion of an inadequate specimen to an adequate one by a concurrent procedure impacted treatment in at least 29 of 32 patients. Limitations include the retrospective design and accuracy measurement based on surgical intervention. Fine needle aspiration plus core needle biopsy vs at least fine needle aspiration alone may improve diagnostic yield when sampling renal masses but it has subtyping potential similar to that of core needle biopsy only. Copyright © 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Comparison between 1-needle technique versus 2-needle technique for bone marrow aspiration and biopsy procedures.

    PubMed

    Al-Ibraheemi, Alyaa; Pham, Tiffany; Chen, Lei; Syklawer, Erica; Quesada, Andres; Wahed, Amer; Nedelcu, Elena; Nguyen, Andy N D

    2013-07-01

    Bone marrow examination is essential for diagnosis and staging of hematologic disorders. Traditionally, the bone marrow biopsy and aspirate are obtained with 2 needles at 2 separate sites. This approach is associated with significant discomfort, procedural time, and occasionally, morbidity. Although previous observations had suggested that a single-needle technique at one site is a simpler and less-painful procedure, there had been concern that the 1-needle technique may yield a suboptimal biopsy for diagnosis. To conduct a systematic comparison of multiple parameters of bone marrow biopsy specimens obtained by the traditional 2-needle technique versus the 1-needle technique for bone marrow collection. We retrospectively evaluated 20 biopsy specimens obtained by each of the 2 mentioned techniques by comparing the morphologic quality of the biopsy, biopsy length, and biopsy cellularity. We found that the 1-needle technique yielded an adequate biopsy for diagnosis. The measured parameters of the samples obtained by the 1-needle versus 2-needle techniques were similar. This study suggests that the 1-needle technique may be preferred for bone marrow aspirate and biopsy.

  8. Comparison of sonography with sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy for initial axillary staging of breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Hye Shin; Kim, Sun Mi; Jang, Mijung; La Yun, Bo; Kim, Sung-Won; Kang, Eunyoung; Park, So Yeon; Moon, Woo Kyung; Choi, Hye Young

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the roles of sonography and sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy for initial axillary staging of breast cancer. Of 220 patients with breast cancer who underwent preoperative or prechemotherapy sonography for axillary staging, 52 patients who underwent sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy for cortical thickening or a compressed hilum of lymph nodes on sonography were prospectively enrolled. Sonography and fine-needle aspiration biopsy/core-needle biopsy findings were compared with final pathologic results from sentinel lymph node biopsy or axillary lymph node dissection. Forty-eight patients met the final study criteria; we excluded 4 who had received primary systemic chemotherapy and showed negative fine-needle aspiration biopsy/core-needle biopsy results and negative final postoperative pathologic results. The positive predictive value of axillary sonography was 54%. The sensitivity and specificity of fine-needle aspiration biopsy were 73% and 100%, respectively, and those of core-needle biopsy were 77% and 100%. Results did not differ significantly between sonographically guided core-needle biopsy and fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The complication rates of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy were both 4%, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy cost $180 and $350, respectively. Both sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core-needle biopsy were useful for axillary staging of breast cancer with high sensitivity. However, fine-needle aspiration biopsy is recommended based on the advantages of low cost and minimal invasiveness.

  9. Canine lymphoma: immunocytochemical analysis of fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Caniatti, M; Roccabianca, P; Scanziani, E; Paltrinieri, S; Moore, P F

    1996-03-01

    Cytospin preparations of fine-needle aspirates from 21 dogs with peripheral lymphadenopathy (18 with lymphoma and three with lymph node hyperplasia) were studied by combining morphologic and immunocytochemical analysis. Fine-needle aspirates were taken from at least two enlarged lymph nodes, and the diagnosis was based on air-dried smears stained with May-Grünwald Giemsa. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy always provided an adequate quality and quantity of cells to perform morphologic and immunologic studies. Immunophenotyping was performed on cytospin preparations with a panel of eight monoclonal antibodies specific for canine cell surface antigens and one rabbit polyclonal antibody (A452) against human CD3, which cross-reacts with dog antigen. The immunocytochemical study resulted in the diagnosis of 14 B-cell lymphomas (CD21+, CD3-) and three T-cell lymphomas (all CD3+, two CD8+). One lymphoma lacked surface antigens specific for the B- or T-cell lineage and was classified as non-B-non-T lymphoma (CD21-, CD3-, CD4-, CD8-). The monoclonal antibodies CA12.10C12, CA4.1D3, and CA1D6 and the polyclonal antibody A452, used as a group, appeared to be the most useful reagents to suggest lymphoid origin and to discriminate between T-and B-cell phenotype. Cytospin preparations in combination with immunocytochemistry provided a practical, economical, and accurate method for the diagnosis and phenotyping of canine lymphoma.

  10. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: a historical overview.

    PubMed

    Rosa, Marilin

    2008-11-01

    Fine needle aspiration biopsy is a safe, inexpensive and accurate technique for the diagnosis of benign and malignant conditions. Its increase in popularity in the present days has made it a technique used on daily basis in the majority of medical centers in United States and around the world. However, the situation was not always like this. In its beginnings the procedure suffered from all kinds of criticism and attacks. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide an overview about the development of this technique from its birth to our days.

  11. Combination of needle aspiration and core needle biopsy: A new technique of stereotactic biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Wani, Abrar Ahad; Wani, M. Afzal; Ramzan, Altaf U.; Nizami, Furqan A.; Malik, Nayil K.; Shafiq, S.; Ahmad, Rais; Kumar, Ashish; Lone, Iqbal; Makhdoomi, Rumana

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The study aims at describing the results of using a new technique to acquire the tissue sample in stereotactic biopsy of brain lesions. Materials and Methods: The study was performed in 19 patients over a period of 5 years in which we used the new technique, i.e., Abrar and Afzal technique (AT) of obtaining tissue biopsy. It is a combination of core tissue biopsy and needle aspiration techniques. The technique was devised to acquire greater amount of tissue for pathologic study. Results: While we could give pathologic diagnosis in 18 patients out of 19 (94.7%), in one patient, the tissue sample revealed only inflammatory cells and definitive diagnosis could not be reached. There was no significant morbidity or any mortality in the series. Conclusion: Abrar and Afzal technique is a reasonably accurate technique of acquiring larger tissue sample in stereotactic brain biopsy without any additional risks. It can be done with little modification of the conventional equipment available with the stereotactic system. PMID:27057212

  12. Inadequate fine needle aspiration biopsy samples: Pathologists versus other specialists

    PubMed Central

    Gomez-Macías, GS; Garza-Guajardo, R; Segura-Luna, J

    2009-01-01

    Background: Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a simple, sensitive, quick and inexpensive method in which operator experience is essential for obtaining the best results. Methods: A descriptive study in which the aspiration biopsy cases of the Pathology and Cytopathology Service of the University Hospital of the UANL (2003–2005) were analyzed. These were divided into three study groups: Group 1, FNAB performed by a pathologist; Group 2, FNAB performed by specialists who are not pathologists, Group 3, FNAB guided by an imaging study with immediate evaluation by a pathologist. The samples were classified as adequate and inadequate for diagnosis, the organ, the size and characteristics of the lesions were taken into consideration. Results: A total of 1905 FNAB were included. In Group 1: 1347 were performed of which 1242 (92.2%) were adequate and 105 (7.7%) were inadequate. Of the 237 from Group 2, 178 were adequate (75.1%) and 59 inadequate (24.8%); in Group 3 there were 321 of which 283 (88.1%) were adequate and 38 (11.8%) inadequate. A statistically significant difference was found between FNAB performed by Group 1 (p< 0.001) and the other groups. A multivariate analysis was done where the organ punctured, the study groups, the size and characteristics of the lesion by study group were compared, finding that the most important variable was the person who performed the procedure. Conclusion: The experience and training of the person performing the aspiration biopsy, as well as immediate evaluation of the material when it is guided, substantially reduces the number of inadequate samples, improving the sensitivity of the method as well as reducing the need for open biopsies to reach a diagnosis. PMID:19621092

  13. Feasibility of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and its applications in superficial cervical lesion biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Dong; Xu, Hai-Miao; Li, Ming-Kui; Chen, Li-Yu; Wang, Li-Jing

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and value of clinical application of fine-needle aspiration histological biopsy via ultrasound-guided thyroid nodule and enlarged cervical lymph node fine-needle aspiration histological biopsy. Fine-needle aspiration cytological and histological biopsies and surgical treatments were performed on 982 patients with thyroid nodule and 1435 patients with enlarged cervical lymph nodes. A comparative study of the histological and cytological examination results and post-surgical etiology results was subsequently conducted. Among the 982 thyroid nodule patients, the acquisition rates were 89.8% (882/982) for fine-needle aspiration histological biopsy and 96.2% (945/982) for cytological biopsy, while among the 1435 patients with enlarged cervical lymph nodes, the acquisition rate for fine-needle aspiration cytological biopsy was slightly higher than that for histological biopsy, with values of 95.7% (1374/1435) and 91.4% (1312/1435), respectively. For the thyroid nodule patients, when the acquired histological and cytological biopsy results were compared with the post-surgical etiology results, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the histological results were 98.5%, 100%, and 98.9%, respectively, whereas those of the cytological results were 86.8%, 82.9%, and 85.6%, respectively; the differences between the 2 biopsy methods were statistically significant (P < 0.05). For the patients with enlarged cervical lymph nodes, when the acquired histological and cytological biopsy results were compared with the post-surgical etiology results, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the histological results were 96.3%, 99.8%, and 97.6%, respectively, whereas the those of the cytological results were 76.8%, 92.1%, and 82.2%, respectively; again, the differences between the 2 methods were statistically significant (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Fine-needle aspiration histological biopsy is a reliable and highly

  14. [Optimization of the fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules- automatic aspirator versus manual technique].

    PubMed

    Nagarajah, James; Sheu-Grabellus, S-Y; Leitzen, C; Hartung, V; Schmid, K-W; Bockisch, A; Görges, R

    2011-01-01

    Optimization of a specially developed automatic microaspirator for fine-needle aspiration of suspicious thyroid nodules. In a preliminary test biopsy effectiveness was evaluated in 20 native resected thyroid glands in vitro with both a Cameco® gun and a specially designed microaspirator respectively. In addition in both techniques two different needles (21-G and 27-G) were used to evaluate the influence of these two cannula. Subsequently, 103 thyroid nodules were biopsied in vivo and compared the results with a preliminary series of the same physician. In the workup and evaluation of the cytology the ThinPrep® technology was used. In vitro the automatic microaspirator was superior to Cameco gun in both when using the 21-Gauge and the 27-Gauge needle. In terms of needle sizes a statistically significant difference at the 95% confidence level was evident for both comparisons in favor of 21-gauge needle. In vivo, 91% of punctures with the microaspirator were usable, while in the pre-series only 84% were usable (p>0.05). The automatic microaspirator is superior to the manual aspiration. Moreover, under sonographic control it is more convenient, to biopsy even very small nodules and lesiosn (down to 4 mm in diameter).

  15. Repeated nondiagnostic result of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Kopczyński, Janusz; Kowalska, Aldona

    2017-01-01

    Aim of the study Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the most accurate and cost-effective method to evaluate the risk of malignancy of thyroid nodules, but approximately 1–24% of FNABs generate a nondiagnostic result (ND-FNAB). The aim of this study was to determine the predictive factors of a repeated nondiagnostic result of FNAB. Material and methods A total of 4018 FNABs performed in a territorial referral centre were analysed, of which 288 (7.17%) were nondiagnostic. Medical records were available for 245 biopsies performed in 228 patients. The retrospective analysis of factors that may influence a repeat ND-FNAB, including demographic, clinical and ultrasound characteristics, was performed. Results A repeat FNAB was performed in 159 nodules giving a diagnostic result in 79.2% of cases. The time between the biopsies ranged from 1 to 611 days (mean 154.4, median 119). The timing of a repeat FNAB did not significantly alter the diagnostic output (p = 0.29). In the univariate analysis, significant predictors of a repeat ND-FNAB were older patient age (p = 0.02), L-thyroxine supplementation (p = 0.05), and a history of 131I therapy (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis, only a history of 131I therapy was a statistically significant risk factor for a repeat ND-FNAB (p = 0.002). Conclusions Patients with a history of 131I therapy and ND-FNAB should undergo periodic ultrasonographic assessment rather than a repeat biopsy. The interval between repeated FNABs recommended by guidelines does not affect the diagnostic output. PMID:28239289

  16. Repeated nondiagnostic result of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Ziemiańska, Klaudia; Kopczyński, Janusz; Kowalska, Aldona

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the most accurate and cost-effective method to evaluate the risk of malignancy of thyroid nodules, but approximately 1-24% of FNABs generate a nondiagnostic result (ND-FNAB). The aim of this study was to determine the predictive factors of a repeated nondiagnostic result of FNAB. A total of 4018 FNABs performed in a territorial referral centre were analysed, of which 288 (7.17%) were nondiagnostic. Medical records were available for 245 biopsies performed in 228 patients. The retrospective analysis of factors that may influence a repeat ND-FNAB, including demographic, clinical and ultrasound characteristics, was performed. A repeat FNAB was performed in 159 nodules giving a diagnostic result in 79.2% of cases. The time between the biopsies ranged from 1 to 611 days (mean 154.4, median 119). The timing of a repeat FNAB did not significantly alter the diagnostic output (p = 0.29). In the univariate analysis, significant predictors of a repeat ND-FNAB were older patient age (p = 0.02), L-thyroxine supplementation (p = 0.05), and a history of (131)I therapy (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis, only a history of (131)I therapy was a statistically significant risk factor for a repeat ND-FNAB (p = 0.002). Patients with a history of (131)I therapy and ND-FNAB should undergo periodic ultrasonographic assessment rather than a repeat biopsy. The interval between repeated FNABs recommended by guidelines does not affect the diagnostic output.

  17. Generation of patient-derived xenografts from fine needle aspirates or core needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Roife, David; Kang, Ya'an; Wang, Li; Fang, Bingliang; Swisher, Stephen G; Gershenwald, Jeffrey E; Pretzsch, Shanna; Dinney, Colin P; Katz, Matthew H G; Fleming, Jason B

    2017-05-01

    Patient-derived xenografts have recently become a powerful tool for cancer research and may be used to guide personalized therapy. Thus far, patient-derived xenografts have been grown from tumor tissue obtained after operative resection; however, many cancer patients never undergo operative intervention for a variety of reasons. We hypothesized that xenograft tumors could be grown from smaller volumes of patient tissue, such as those obtained during diagnostic biopsies. Surgical specimens were obtained after resection of primary or metastatic lesions of the following cancers: pancreatic carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, bladder (urothelial) carcinoma, and melanoma. At least 10 cases of each cancer were included in this study. To mimic clinical biopsies, small fragments of the surgical specimens were biopsied with a 22-gauge needle, and the needle contents were injected subcutaneously in immunocompromised mice. The tumor fragment from which the biopsy was taken was also implanted subcutaneously in the contralateral side of the same mouse as a control. Success rates of the traditional method of xenograft implantation ranged from 27.3%-70%. Success rates of the fine needle aspirate technique ranged from 0%-36.4%. An attempt to engraft a percutaneous core needle liver biopsy of a metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma also was successful. We have found that it is possible to engraft fine needle aspirates and core biopsies of solid tumors in order to generate patient-derived xenografts. This may open up xenografting to a wider cancer patient population than previously possible. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Diagnostic value of core needle biopsy and fine-needle aspiration in salivary gland lesions.

    PubMed

    Novoa, Eva; Gürtler, Nicolas; Arnoux, André; Kraft, Marcel

    2016-04-01

    Core needle biopsy (CNB) has gained acceptance as a minimally invasive procedure in the head and neck. Nevertheless, many concerns arise regarding the value and safety of this method in the assessment of salivary gland lesions. This prospective study comprises 111 patients with a salivary gland lesion. The results of ultrasound-guided CNB were compared with those of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in the 103 histologically verified cases. CNB achieved a higher accuracy than FNA in identifying true neoplasms (98% vs 91%) and detecting malignancy (99% vs 87%), and was also superior to FNA providing a specific diagnosis (93% vs 74%). In both methods, no complications, such as bleeding, infection, nerve injury, or tumor-cell seeding, occurred. CNB is a simple, safe, and highly accurate procedure, which should be considered as an additional diagnostic tool in the assessment of salivary gland lesions. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: E346-E352, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration core biopsy: comparison between an automatic biopsy device and two conventional needle systems.

    PubMed

    Ardengh, José Celso; Paulo, Gustavo Andrade de; Nakao, Frank Shigueo; Venco, Filadélfio; Santo, Giulio Cesare; Geocze, Stephan

    2008-06-01

    endoscopic ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) allows cytologic and/or histologic diagnosis of lesions within or adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract. However, the amount of tissue obtained with a regular 22 gauge needle is not always satisfactory. With the development of a needle XNA-10J-KB (Shot-Gun) that resembles the automatic liver biopsy needle, it is expected that significant samples be obtained more frequently (core biopsy), optimizing histological analysis. to compare samples obtained with EUS-FNA using 3 different needle systems: GIP, NA-10J-1 and Shot-Gun. 19 patients underwent EUS-FNA for diagnosis (5) or tumor staging (14). Mean age was 58.9 years (range 27-82), being 50% men. All patients were submitted to EUS-FNA with the 3 needle models. The Shot-Gun model was "shot" when its tip was near the target inside the lesion, followed by aspiration. Samples were submitted for cytologic and histologic examination. mean lesion size was 3.0 cm (range 0.8-5.5 cm). Final diagnoses were made after surgery or intra-operative biopsy: 13 pancreatic tumors (12 adenocarcinomas and 1 neuroendocrine tumor), 4 chronic pancreatitis, 1 acute pancreatitis, and 1 cholangiocarcinoma. Specimens adequate for cytologic diagnosis were obtained in 13/19 (68. 4%) patients using GIP model, in 14/19 (73.7%) with NA10J-1 model, and in 17/19 (89.5%) with ShotGun, model (p=0.039). Histologic analysis was possible in 10/19 (52.6%) patients using the GIP model, in 14/19 (73.7%) with NA10J-1, and in 17/19 (89.5%) with Shot-Gun, model (p=0.005). Adequate samples for cytologic or histologic assessment in 16/19 (84.2%) patients using the GIP model, in 17/19 (89.5%) with NA10J-1, and in 18/19 (94.7%) with Shot-Gun, model (p=0.223). In two cases biopsies were negative due to very hard tumors. the Shot-Gun needle obtained better samples for histological diagnosis than NA10J-1 needle and GIP.

  20. Detection rate of histologically insignificant prostate cancer with systematic sextant biopsies and fine needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Hautmann, S H; Conrad, S; Henke, R P; Erbersdobler, A; Simon, J; Straub, M; Graefen, M; Hautmann, R E; Huland, H

    2000-06-01

    We evaluate the detection rate of insignificant prostate cancer and the rate of significant prostate cancer overlooked in the results of systematic sextant biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy of the prostate of asymptomatic men with serum prostate specific antigen concentrations less than 4.0 ng./ml. We analyzed specimens from 133 consecutive patients with a mean age of 60 years undergoing cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer. Six systematic biopsy specimens and 2 fine needle aspiration cytology samples were taken from the prostate immediately after cystoprostatectomy. The specimens were step sectioned and examined for prostate cancer. Insignificant prostate cancer was defined as any cancer with an aggregate volume 0.5 cm.3 or less. Incidental prostate cancer was found in 58 of the 133 patients (44%). Tumor volume was 0.5 cm.3 or less in 47 cases. Sextant biopsy detected 7 cancers, including 4 of 47 (9%) that were insignificant and 3 of 11 (27%) that were significant. Fine needle aspiration cytology also detected 7 cancers, including 3 (6%) and 4 (36%) that were insignificant and significant, respectively. Systematic sextant biopsy and fine needle aspiration cytology each diagnose prostate cancer in about 5% of asymptomatic men who have normal digital rectal examination and serum prostate specific antigen less than 4.0 ng./ml. However, many of the cancers thus detected are insignificant and most of the significant cancers are missed. Therefore, routine screening of such patients with sextant biopsy or aspiration cytology does not appear to be justified.

  1. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy with a new automatic fine-needle gun versus histological core in ultrasonically-guided transrectal biopsy for detection of prostate cancer.

    PubMed

    Norming, U; Gustafsson, O; Nyman, C R; Raaschou-Nielsen, T; Näslund, I

    1991-01-01

    In connection with a health control study of 2,400 men for early detection of prostate cancer the authors have compared fine-needle aspiration biopsy using a new automatic fine-needle gun with histological cores obtained by the Biopty gun. Both procedures were ultrasonically guided. Prostate cancer was found in 62 patients and in 46 of these both biopsy methods were used on the same occasion. There was no essential difference in sensitivity between the two methods. The authors recommend fine-needle aspiration biopsy as the primary method but regard the histological core technique as a valuable supplement.

  2. Concurrent fine needle aspirations and core needle biopsies: a comparative study of substrates for next-generation sequencing in solid organ malignancies.

    PubMed

    Roy-Chowdhuri, Sinchita; Chen, Hui; Singh, Rajesh R; Krishnamurthy, Savitri; Patel, Keyur P; Routbort, Mark J; Manekia, Jawad; Barkoh, Bedia A; Yao, Hui; Sabir, Sharjeel; Broaddus, Russell R; Medeiros, L Jeffrey; Staerkel, Gregg; Stewart, John; Luthra, Rajyalakshmi

    2017-01-13

    Minimally invasive procedures, such as fine needle aspiration and core needle biopsy, are commonly used for the diagnosis in solid organ malignancies. In the era of targeted therapy, it is crucial for molecular testing to be performed on these limited volume specimens. Although several recent studies have demonstrated the utility of small biopsy specimens for molecular testing, there remains debate as to whether core needle biopsy specimens are more reliable than fine needle aspiration for molecular studies. In this study, we reviewed concurrently acquired fine needle aspiration and core needle biopsy samples (n=24), and compared overall cellularity, tumor fraction, and the results of next-generation sequencing. All somatic mutations detected in core needle biopsy samples were also detected in fine needle aspiration samples. The estimated tumor fraction was significantly higher in fine needle aspiration smears than core needle biopsy samples (P=0.003), whereas the overall DNA yield from smears was significantly lower than that obtained from the core needle biopsy specimens (P=0.01). The normalized average amplicon coverage for the genes analyzed was significantly higher in cytology smears than paired core needle biopsy samples, with lower numbers of failed amplicons and higher overall mutation allelic frequencies seen in the former. We further evaluated 100 malignant fine needle aspiration and core needle biopsy samples, acquired concurrently, for overall cellularity and tumor fraction. Overall cellularity and tumor fraction of fine needle aspiration samples was significantly higher than concurrently acquired core needle biopsy samples (P<0.001). In conclusion, we show that fine needle aspiration samples frequently provide better cellularity, higher tumor fraction, and superior sequencing metrics than concurrently acquired core needle biopsy samples. Cytologic specimens, therefore, should be better integrated into routine molecular diagnostics workflow to maximize

  3. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of suspected metastatic cancers to the posterior uvea.

    PubMed Central

    Augsburger, J J

    1988-01-01

    This thesis presents the author's experience with diagnostic intraocular fine needle aspiration biopsy in 18 patients with a suspected metastatic choroidal or ciliary body tumor. The author has reviewed the literature on biopsy of intraocular tumors and has specified what he believes to be valid indications for diagnostic biopsy of posterior uveal tumors. He has evaluated the accuracy, limitations, and complications of diagnostic fine needle aspiration biopsy in this series and others, and he has suggested methods for improving the recovery of sufficient cells for cytologic diagnosis and lessening the risks of tumor cell seeding during the biopsy. The author has concluded that fine needle aspiration biopsy appears to be a relatively safe, generally reliable means of establishing the pathologic diagnosis of a choroidal or ciliary body tumor in highly selected patients suspected of having metastatic cancer. In spite of its apparent safety and reliability, however, the author has cautioned against the routine use of fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients with posterior uveal tumors since its long-term safety has not been established. The author has suggested that diagnostic fine needle aspiration biopsy of posterior uveal tumors be performed only in medical centers where there can be input from and cooperation among ophthalmologists, ophthalmic pathologists, and cytopathologists who are experienced in the diagnosis of intraocular malignancies. Images FIGURE 3 A FIGURE 3 B FIGURE 4 A FIGURE 4 B FIGURE 4 C FIGURE 4 D FIGURE 5 A FIGURE 5 B FIGURE 5 C FIGURE 5 D FIGURE 6 A FIGURE 6 B FIGURE 7 A FIGURE 7 B FIGURE 7 C FIGURE 7 D FIGURE 8 A FIGURE 8 B FIGURE 8 C FIGURE 8 D FIGURE 9 A FIGURE 9 B FIGURE 9 C FIGURE 9 D FIGURE 10 A FIGURE 10 B FIGURE 10 C FIGURE 11 PMID:2979028

  4. Nodular fasciitis: diagnosis by fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Kong, Christina S; Cha, Imok

    2004-01-01

    To describe the cytomorphologic features of nodular fasciitis that differentiate it from schwannoma. The cytomorphologic features of 10 cases of nodular fasciitis were compared to those of 4 cases of biopsy-proven schwannoma. Aspirate smears were evaluated for cellular cohesion, cell type and stroma. Immunoperoxidase stains were utilized in select cases. The cases of nodular fasciitis exhibited cohesive clusters of epithelioid to spindle-shaped cells in a background of single, intact mesenchymal cells; inflammatory cells; and myxoid stroma. In contrast, schwannomas lacked single, intact cells and inflammation. Schwannoma stroma was also myxoid but appeared more finely fibrillar, and cell clusters were notable for alternating areas of hypercellularity and hypocellularity. Immunoperoxidase stains demonstrated smooth muscle actin reactivity in 5 cases of nodular fasciitis and S-100 in 2 cases of schwannoma. Nodular fasciitis can be distinguished from schwannomas on the basis of cytomorphologic features and immunocytochemical profile. Cytologic diagnosis of nodular fasciitis is important since it obviates the need for surgical excision.

  5. Cytopathologic diagnosis of fine needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodules

    PubMed Central

    Misiakos, Evangelos P; Margari, Niki; Meristoudis, Christos; Machairas, Nickolas; Schizas, Dimitrios; Petropoulos, Konstantinos; Spathis, Aris; Karakitsos, Petros; Machairas, Anastasios

    2016-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is an important diagnostic tool in patients with thyroid lesions. Several systems have been proposed for the cyropathologic diagnosis of the thyroid nodules. However cases with indeterminate cytological findings still remain a matter of debate. In this review we analyze all literature regarding Thyroid Cytopathology Reporting systems trying to identify the most suitable methodology to use in clinical practice for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules. A review of the English literature was conducted, and data were analyzed and summarized and integrated from the authors’ perspective. The main purpose of thyroid FNA is to identify patients with higher risk for malignancy, and to prevent unnecessary surgeries for benign conditions. The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology is the most widely used system for the diagnosis of thyroid FNA specimens. This system also contains guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of indeterminate or suspicious for malignancy cases. In conclusion, patients who require repeated FNAs for indeterminate diagnoses will be resolved by repeat FNA in a percentage of 72%-80%. PMID:26881190

  6. Fine needle aspiration biopsy to reestablish cell culture in an animal model of uveal melanoma.

    PubMed

    Correa, Zelia Maria da Silva; Marshall, Jean-Claude; Souza Filho, João Pessoa; Odashiro, Alexandre Nakao; Burnier Jr, Miguel Noel

    2009-01-01

    To access the reliability of fine-needle aspiration biopsy in harvesting a sufficient amount of viable melanoma cells to establish a cell culture and maintain a melanoma cell line from an animal model of uveal melanoma. For this study, fifteen male New Zealand albino rabbits had their right eye surgically inoculated with uveal melanoma cell line 92.1. The animals were immunosupressed with cyclosporine A using a dose schedule previously published. The animals were followed for 12 weeks. Intraocular tumor growth was monitored weekly by indirect ophthalmoscopy. After the fourth week, one animal was sacrificed per week preceded by fine-needle aspiration biopsy using a sharp 25-gauge, 1-inch long needle. Two separate aspirates were made from different areas of the tumor. Each aspirate was flushed to a separate cell culture media and sent for cell culture. The cells were frozen after two weeks when there were at least 1 million cells, which is enough to maintain a cell line. Cells were defrosted for HMB-45 immuno-stains to confirm the melanoma origin. Cell growth was observed from the samples harvested from 11 out of the 15 animals inoculated with uveal melanoma. All cell cultures, after defrost, immunoassayed positive for HMB-45. Fine needle aspiration biopsy seems to be a reliable method to harvest cells from solid intraocular melanomas in an animal model, to establish cell culture and to maintain a melanoma cell line.

  7. Percutaneous CT-Guided Core Needle Biopsy Versus Fine Needle Aspiration in Diagnosing Pneumonia and Mimics of Pneumonia

    SciTech Connect

    Thanos, Loukas; Galani, Panagiota Mylona, Sophia; Pomoni, Maria; Mpatakis, Nikolaos

    2004-08-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) relative to fine needle aspiration (FNA) in patients with pneumonia and pneumonia mimics. In this prospective study we present our experience with 48 thoracic FNAs and CNBs carried out on 48 patients with pneumonia and pneumonia mimics. Samples were obtained from all patients using both CNB (with an automated 18-G core biopsy needle and a gun) and FNA (with a 22-G needle). A specific diagnosis was made in 10/48 cases (20.83%) by FNA and in 42/48 (87.5%) by CNB. The main complications encountered were pneumothorax (n = 4) and hemoptysis (n = 2), yielding a total complication rate of 12.5%. We concluded that CNB using an automated biopsy gun results in a higher diagnostic accuracy for pneumonia and pneumonia mimic biopsies than FNA. Complications should be considered and proper patient observation should follow the procedure.

  8. Diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration and core needle biopsy in special types of breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Ohashi, Ryuji; Matsubara, Miyuki; Watarai, Yasuhiko; Yanagihara, Keiko; Yamashita, Koji; Tsuchiya, Shin-Ichi; Takei, Hiroyuki; Naito, Zenya

    2016-07-01

    Although fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is an established tool to assess breast lesions, there has been a trend toward using core needle biopsy (CNB) instead. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FNA and CNB in special types of breast cancer. A retrospective review of diagnostic results of pre-operatively performed FNA or CNB, or a combination of the two, was conducted. The cases include histologically proven invasive ductal carcinoma of no special type (NST n = 159), invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC n = 65), mucinous carcinoma (MUC n = 51), and apocrine carcinoma (APO n = 25). The absolute diagnostic sensitivity of FNA to detect malignancy in ILC and APO patients was inferior to that of NST patients (p < 0.001 for ILC and APO). Within each cancer type, the sensitivity of CNB was higher than that of FNA in the ILC and APO patients (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). As for NST and MUC patients, FNA and CNB had equivalent sensitivity. The sensitivity of FNA alone significantly improved when combined with CNB in NST, ILC and APO patients (p < 0.05, p < 0.001, and p < 0.05, respectively). Our results suggest that FNA has less diagnostic accuracy than CNB for ILC and APO; thus, the use of CNB should be encouraged when these types of cancer are clinically suspected or when the initial FNA is inconclusive.

  9. Thyroid nodules with initially non-diagnostic, fine-needle aspiration results: comparison of core-needle biopsy and repeated fine-needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Choi, Sang Hyun; Baek, Jung Hwan; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Choi, Young Jun; Hong, Min Ji; Song, Dong Eun; Kim, Jae Kyun; Yoon, Jong Ho; Kim, Won Bae

    2014-11-01

    To evaluate the role of core-needle biopsy (CNB) by comparing the results of CNB and repeated fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for thyroid nodules with initially non-diagnostic FNA results. From October 2008 to December 2011, 360 nodules - 180 consecutive repeated FNAs and 180 consecutive CNBs -- from 360 patients (83 men, 277 women; mean age, 54.4 years) with initially non-diagnostic FNA results were analyzed retrospectively. The incidence of non-diagnostic results, inconclusive results, diagnostic surgery, and diagnostic performance of repeated FNA and CNB were assessed, and factors affecting second non-diagnostic results were evaluated. CNB achieved a significantly lower non-diagnostic and inconclusive rate than repeated FNA (1.1 % versus 40.0 %, P < 0.001; 7.2 % versus 72.0 %, P < 0.001). All diagnostic performances with CNB were higher than repeated FNA. The diagnostic surgery rate was lower with CNB than with repeated FNA (3.6 % versus 16.7 %, P = 0.047). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that repeated FNA was the most important factor for second non-diagnostic results (OR = 56.06, P < 0.001), followed by nodules with rim calcification (OR = 7.46, P = 0.003). CNB is more useful than repeated FNA for reducing the number of non-diagnostic and inconclusive results and for preventing unnecessary diagnostic surgery for thyroid nodules with initially non-diagnostic FNA results. • Core-needle biopsy achieved a lower number of non-diagnostic and inconclusive results. • Core-needle biopsy achieved better diagnostic performance. • Use of core-needle biopsy could prevent unnecessary diagnostic surgery. • Repeated fine-needle aspiration was significantly associated with a second non-diagnosis.

  10. Spectrum of intra-thoracic lesion detected by computed tomography guided fine needle aspiration biopsy

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a rapid, sensitive and inexpensive procedure for diagnosing benign and malignant palpable lesions. For lesions that are not palpable or deep seated, FNAB can be performed under the guidance of radiological imaging. Our basic objective was to evaluate the spectrum of intrathoracic lesions by using Computed Tomography guided fine needle aspiration biopsy and evaluate its diagnostic yield. Methodology It was a retrospective study carried out in the Department of Histopathology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, during the months of August 2011 and August 2012. All patients with pulmonary, mediastinal or paravertebral mass who underwent CT guided intrathoracic biopsy were included in this study. Fine needle aspiration biopsies were performed in the Radiology Department and specimen retrieved was sent in 10% buffered Formalin to the Histopathology Department. All the data was entered and analyzed through SPSS 19.0. Results A total of 130 cases were evaluated, out of which 108 (83.1%) were pulmonary, 16 (12.3%) were mediastinal and 6 (4.6%) were paravertebral. Conclusive biopsies were possible in 113 cases, while 17 biopsies were inconclusive. In those that showed a conclusive diagnosis, 83.1% were neoplastic and 16.9% were non neoplastic. Of the neoplastic cases, 27 (20.8%) were adenocarcinomas, followed by squamous cell carcinomas (15.4%) and large cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified, (12.3%). Conclusion CT guided fine needle aspiration biopsy is a reliable tool for examination of intrathoracic lesions, with a high rate of conclusive diagnosis. PMID:23402220

  11. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration: How to obtain a core biopsy?

    PubMed Central

    Fuccio, Lorenzo; Larghi, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration has emerged as the procedure of choice to obtain samples to reach a definitive diagnosis of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and of adjacent organs. The obtainment of a tissue core biopsy presents several advantages that can substantially contribute to the widespread diffusion of EUS utilization in the community and in countries where cytology expertise may be difficult to be achieved. This article will review the EUS-guided fine needle biopsy techniques developed so far, the clinical results, their limitations as well as their future perspective. PMID:24955336

  12. [Value of fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy in the head and neck region].

    PubMed

    Thierauf, J; Hoffmann, T K; Bommer, M; Veit, J A; Lindemann, J

    2015-05-01

    Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core-needle biopsy (CNB) represent 2 minimal invasive methods for further assessment of suspect lesions of the head and neck area. However, only limited data on the direct comparison of both methods has been published. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of FNAC and CNB and to compare their sensitivity and specificity. Between 2005 and 2012, CNB was performed in 86 patients and FNAC in 408 patients. 52 of 86 CNB-patients and 224 of 408 FNAC-patients underwent surgery afterwards and were included into the study (n=276). In order to compare the results of both methods the corresponding final histopathological finding from surgery was considered. The sensitivity of the FNAC-group was higher (85%) compared to the CNB-group (80%), the specificity (87 vs. 94%) as well as the positive predictive value (64 vs. 97%) was lower. The negative predictive value (92 vs. 71%) and also the false negative value of the FNAC (5 vs. 13%) were superior to the results of the CNB-group. Concerning the false positive value the CNB-group showed better results (2 vs. 15%). Both methods are well suited to clarify the dignity of lesions in the head and neck region. In the current case series, FNAC seemed particularly suitable for diagnosis of hematologic diseases and the exclusion of malignancy in suspicious lymph nodes. The GNP has proven to be valid in the detection of tumor recurrences in irradiated or previously operated tissue, furthermore the definitive oncological treatment can be planed, based on the histopathological results obtained by GNP. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  13. Biopsy Needle Advancement during Bone Marrow Aspiration Increases Mesenchymal Stem Cell Concentration.

    PubMed

    Peters, Anne E; Watts, Ashlee E

    2016-01-01

    Point-of-care kits to concentrate bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used clinically in horses. A maximal number of MSCs per milliliter of marrow aspirated might be desired prior to use of a point-of-care system to concentrate MSCs. Our objective was to test a method to increase the number of MSCs per milliliter of marrow collected. We collected two BM aspirates using two different collection techniques from 12 horses. The first collection technique was to aspirate BM from a single site without advancement of the biopsy needle. The second collection technique was to aspirate marrow from multiple sites within the same sternal puncture by advancing the needle 5 mm three times for BM aspiration from four sites. Numbers of MSCs in collected BM were assessed by total nucleated cell count of BM after aspiration, total colony-forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) assay, and total MSC number at each culture passage. The BM aspiration technique of four needle advancements during BM aspiration resulted in higher initial nucleated cell counts, more CFU-Fs, and more MSCs at the first passage. There were no differences in the number of MSCs at later passages. Multiple advancements of the BM needle during BM aspiration resulted in increased MSC concentration at the time of BM collection. If a point-of-care kit is used to concentrate MSCs, multiple advancements may result in higher MSC numbers in the BM concentrate after preparation by the point-of-care kit. For culture expanded MSCs beyond the first cell passage, the difference is of questionable clinical relevance.

  14. Comparison of fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy under ultrasonographic guidance for detecting malignancy and for the tissue-specific diagnosis of salivary gland tumors.

    PubMed

    Eom, H-J; Lee, J H; Ko, M-S; Choi, Y J; Yoon, R G; Cho, K J; Nam, S Y; Baek, J H

    2015-06-01

    Diagnostic test accuracy studies for ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration and ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy have shown inconclusive results due to their heterogenous study designs. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration versus ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy for detecting malignant tumors of the salivary gland and for the tissue-specific diagnosis of salivary gland tumors in a single tertiary hospital. This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was waived. Four hundred twelve patients who underwent ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (n = 155) or ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy (n = 257) with subsequent surgical confirmation or clinical follow-up were enrolled. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration and ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy regarding malignant salivary gland tumors and the correct tissue-specific diagnosis of benign and malignant tumors. We also tested the difference between these procedures according to the operator's experience and lesion characteristics. The inconclusive rates of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration and ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy were 19% and 4%, respectively (P < .001). The overall accuracy of ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy for diagnosing malignant tumors was significantly higher than that of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (P = .024). The correct tissue-specific diagnosis rates of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration and ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy were 95% versus 97% for benign tumors (P = .648) and 67% versus 80% for malignant tumors (P = .310). Trainees showed significantly lower accuracy with ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration than with ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy for diagnosing malignant tumors (P = .021). There was no

  15. Thyroglobulin determined in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsies by radial immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion.

    PubMed

    Salabè, G B; Corvo, L; Lotz, H

    1996-01-01

    Radial immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion were used to measure thyroglobulin, the main component of thyroid colloid, in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsies. A linear relationship was established between precipitation ring diameter and thyroglobulin concentration by radial immunodiffusion (0.5-3.0 g/l), and between "rocket" height and thyroglobulin concentration by electroimmunodiffusion (0.1-2.0 g/l). A nearly complete correlation was observed between the two methods (r = 0.97). In radial immunodiffusion the ring diameter is dependent on time of diffusion and on the antiserum concentration in the agar gel. In this study, the observation time was standardised at 48 h, and the rabbit anti-thyroglobulin serum concentration at 26 ml/l. The intrathyroidal concentration of thyroglobulin was determined by radial immunodiffusion and the thyroid find needle aspiration biopsy of 45 thyroid tumours with different cytological-laboratory- and clinical diagnoses. It was found that in colloid nodules or cysts thyroglobulin is markedly higher than in euthyroid nodular goitre (13.7 +/- 11.9 g/l vs. 1.35 +/- 0.8 g/l, p = 0.005). In conclusion radial immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion are precise, easy to perform, low cost, non polluting methods, which do not require high sample dilution (in contrast, high sample dilution is necessary for measurement of thyroglobulin in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy by radial immunodiffusion). Measurement of thyroglobulin in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy provides a quantitative estimate of colloid, an important marker in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.

  16. Diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma: computed tomography, sonography, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Reuter, K.; Raptopoulos, V.; Reale, F.; Krolikowski, F.J.; D'Orsi, C.J.; Graham, S.; Smith, E.H.

    1983-06-01

    The diagnosis of peritoneal mesothelioma was made prospectively and noninvasively in four patients with the use of sonography, computed tomography, and sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The imaging methods revealed information similar to the operative findings, with clear superiority of computed tomography over sonography. These noninvasive methods may be used as screening tools, especially among groups or in regional areas with a high risk for asbestos exposure. The findings included soft-tissue masses with invariable involvement of the omentum; small intraperitoneal nodules; thickened peritoneum, mesentery, and bowel wall; pleural plaques; and usually minimal, if any, ascites. Since the differential diagnosis from peritoneal carcinomatosis may be difficult, sonographically (or CT) guided aspiration biopsy is needed to produce diagnostic cytologic specimens. The use of this type of biopsy should obviate surgical exploration.

  17. Image-Directed Fine-needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid with Safety-engineered Devices

    SciTech Connect

    Sibbitt, Randy R. Palmer, Dennis J.; Sibbitt, Wilmer L. Bankhurst, Arthur D.

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to integrate safety-engineered devices into outpatient fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the thyroid in an interventional radiology practice. Materials and Methods: The practice center is a tertiary referral center for image-directed FNA thyroid biopsies in difficult patients referred by the primary care physician, endocrinologist, or otolaryngologist. As a departmental quality of care and safety improvement program, we instituted integration of safety devices into our thyroid biopsy procedures and determined the effect on outcome (procedural pain, diagnostic biopsies, inadequate samples, complications, needlesticks to operator, and physician satisfaction) before institution of safety devices (54 patients) and after institution of safety device implementation (56 patients). Safety devices included a patient safety technology-the mechanical aspirating syringe (reciprocating procedure device), and a health care worker safety technology (antineedlestick safety needle). Results: FNA of thyroid could be readily performed with the safety devices. Safety-engineered devices resulted in a 49% reduction in procedural pain scores (P < 0.0001), a 56% reduction in significant pain (P < 0.002), a 21% increase in operator satisfaction (P < 0.0001), and a 5% increase in diagnostic specimens (P = 0.5). No needlesticks to health care workers or patient injuries occurred during the study. Conclusions: Safety-engineered devices to improve both patient and health care worker safety can be successfully integrated into diagnostic FNA of the thyroid while maintaining outcomes and improving safety.

  18. Transthoracic Computed Tomography-Guided Lung Nodule Biopsy: Comparison of Core Needle and Fine Needle Aspiration Techniques.

    PubMed

    Sangha, Bippan S; Hague, Cameron J; Jessup, Jennifer; O'Connor, Robert; Mayo, John R

    2016-08-01

    To determine if there is a statistically significant difference in the computed tomography (CT)-guided trans-thoracic needle biopsy diagnostic rate, complication rate, and degree of pathologist confidence in diagnosis between core needle biopsy (CNB) and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). A retrospective cohort design was used to compare the diagnostic biopsy rate, diagnostic confidence, and biopsy-related complications of pneumothorax, chest tube placement, pulmonary hemorrhage, hemoptysis, admission to hospital, and length of stay between 251 transthoracic needle biopsies obtained via CNB (126) or FNAB (125). Complication rates were assessed using imaging and clinical follow-up. Final diagnosis was confirmed via surgical pathology or clinical follow-up over a period of up to 10 years. CNB provided diagnostic samples in 91% and FNA in 80% of biopsies, which was statistically significant (P < .05). The sensitivities for CNB and FNAB were 89% (85 of 95) and 95% (84 of 88), respectively. The specificity of CNB was 100% (21 of 21) and for FNAB was 81% (2 of 11) with 2 false positives in the FNAB group. The differences in complication rate was not statistically significant for pneumothorax (50% vs 46%; determined by routine postbiopsy CT), chest tube (2% vs 4%), hemoptysis (4% vs 6%), and pulmonary hemorrhage (38% vs 47%) between FNAB and CNB, respectively. Seven patients requiring chest tube were admitted to hospital, 2 in the FNAB cohort for an average of 2.5 days and 5 in the CNB cohort for an average of 4.6 days. CNB provided more diagnostic samples with no statistical difference in complication rate. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Ultrastructural aspects of human liver tumours collected by thin needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Bârsu, M; Ghiurcă, V; Poruţiu, D; Badea, R

    1989-01-01

    Fourteen liver tumor samples, obtained by echographically-guided thin needle aspiration biopsy were electron microscopically studied, pointing out the ultrastructural aspects that allowed the diagnosis of primary and secondary liver neoplasia, and those providing indications for malignancy degrees. Criteria of electronoptic differential diagnosis between dysplastic and malignant lesions are presented. The paper suggests that electron microscopy may be helpful in establishing the forms of liver carcinoma, difficult to be determined only by cytologic examination, and for the early diagnosis mandatory to increase the resectability rate of malignant hepatoma.

  20. Content of RNA originating from thyroid in washouts from fine-needle and core-needle aspiration biopsy - preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Woliński, Kosma; Stangierski, Adam; Szczepanek-Parulska, Ewelina; Gurgul, Edyta; Wrotkowska, Elżbieta; Biczysko, Maciej; Ruchała, Marek

    2016-01-01

    In the evaluation of molecular markers in washouts from fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) the extremely small amount of material can be a major problem. Some authors tried to use washouts from core-needle aspiration biopsy (CNABs) to gain more material from larger needles. However, according to some studies, CNAB samples are commonly contaminated with blood. The aim of our study was to evaluate the proportion of nucleic acids from thyroid cells in washouts from FNAB and CNAB by measuring the relative expression of cytokeratin 17 (KRT17) on the mRNA level. Relative expression of KRT17 and GADPH (reference gene) in washouts from FNAB and CNAB was measured using real-time PCR technique and compared to the results from surgical specimens. Surgical specimens form 22 nodules, FNAB samples from 20 lesions and CNAB samples from 24 lesions were analysed. The median difference in cycle threshold (Ct) between FNAB samples and surgical specimens was 3.3 (p = 0.047). In CNAB samples KRT17 was undetectable in most cases (median incalculable; proportion of samples with undetectable KRT17 significantly higher than in FNAB samples). Samples obtained with different biopsy techniques had different proportions of contents. The proportionally low content of epithelial cells in CNAB can result in underestimated expression of molecular markers of malignancy. Consequently, the risk of malignancy or unfavourable prognosis can also be underestimated. To conclude, results obtained from samples gained with one biopsy technique cannot be directly related to thresholds, and generally with experiences gained with other techniques, because it can lead to incorrect clinical interpretation of the results. (Endokrynol Pol 2016; 67 (6): 550-553).

  1. The Role of Core Needle Biopsy for Thyroid Nodules with Initially Indeterminate Results on Previous Fine-Needle Aspiration: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Suh, C H; Baek, J H; Park, C; Choi, Y J; Lee, J H

    2017-07-01

    Sonography-guided fine-needle aspiration leads to relatively frequent cases of indeterminate cytology for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of core needle biopsy for the examination of thyroid nodules with initially indeterminate results on fine-needle aspiration. A computerized search of the MEDLINE and Embase databases was performed to identify relevant original articles. Studies investigating the use of core needle biopsy for thyroid nodules with initially indeterminate results on previous fine-needle aspiration were eligible for inclusion. The pooled proportions for nondiagnostic results, inconclusive results, malignancy on core needle biopsy, the ability of core needle biopsy to diagnose malignancy, and the related complications of the procedure were analyzed. The meta-analytic pooling was based on a random-effects model. Nine eligible studies, involving 2240 patients with 2245 thyroid nodules, were included. The pooled proportion for nondiagnostic results was 1.8% (95% CI, 0.4%-3.2%), and the pooled proportion for inconclusive results was 25.1% (95% CI, 15.4%-34.9%). The pooled proportion for malignancy was 18.9% (95% CI, 8.4%-29.5%). With regard to the diagnostic performance for malignancy, the sensitivity of core needle biopsy varied, ranging from 44.7% to 85.0%, but the specificity was 100% in all cases. No major complications of core needle biopsy were observed. The relatively small number of included studies and retrospective nature were limitations. Core needle biopsy has low nondiagnostic result rates and high specificity for the diagnosis of malignancy. It is a safe diagnostic technique with a higher diagnostic yield, especially when molecular testing is not available or fine-needle aspiration did not yield enough cells for molecular testing. © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  2. Fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy: An update on 2 common minimally invasive tissue sampling modalities.

    PubMed

    VanderLaan, Paul A

    2016-12-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) represent 2 of the most common minimally invasive tissue sampling modalities. Although similar in many ways, there are significant differences in the collection, processing, interpretation, and suitability for ancillary testing that exist between FNA and CNB. This review provides a brief overview of the strengths and weaknesses of FNA compared with CNB, as well as an update regarding the landscape of recently published studies that investigate the organ-specific comparative performance metrics of FNA and CNB. A current understanding of the benefits and limitations of FNA and CNB will help the cytopathologist and the clinician alike to select the right procedure for the right patient at the right time. Cancer Cytopathol 2016;124:862-870. © 2016 American Cancer Society. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

  3. IAC Standardized Reporting of Breast Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy Cytology.

    PubMed

    Field, Andrew S; Schmitt, Fernando; Vielh, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    There have been many changes in the roles of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in the diagnostic workup of breast lesions in routine breast clinics and in mammographic breast screening programs, as well as changes in the management algorithms utilized and the treatments available, since the NCI consensus on breast FNAB cytology in 1996. A standardized approach will improve training and performance of FNAB and smear-making techniques, and structured reporting will improve the quality and reproducibility of reports across departments, cities and countries providing a basis for quality assurance measures and improving patient care and facilitating research. Linking cytology reports to management algorithms will increase the clinicians' use of FNAB cytology and where appropriate CNB, and enhance the use of ancillary tests for prognostic testing. The IAC recognizes that the local medical infrastructure and resources for breast imaging, biopsy and treatment will influence the diagnostic workup and management of breast disease, but best practice guidelines should be established and modified as required. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Three-dimensional cytomorphology in fine needle aspiration biopsy of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Chang, T C; Lai, S M; Wen, C Y; Hsiao, Y L; Huang, S H

    2001-01-01

    To elucidate three-dimensional (3-D) cytomorphology in fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). ENAB was performed on tumors from five patients with MTC. The aspirate was stained and observed under a light microscope (LM). The aspirate was also fixed, dehydrated, critical point dried, spattered with gold ions and observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). For transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the specimen was fixed, dehydrated, embedded in an Epon mixture, cut with an ultramicrotome, mounted on copper grids, electron doubly stained with uranium acetate and lead citrate, and observed with TEM. Findings under SEM were correlated with those under LM and TEM. Under SEM, 3-D cytomorphology of MTC displayed a disorganized cellular arrangement with indistinct cell borders in three cases. The cell surface was uneven and had granular protrusions that corresponded to secretory granules observed under TEM. In one case with multiple endocrine neoplasia type IIB, there were abundant granules on the cell surface. In one case of sporadic MTC with multinucleated tumor giant cells and small cells, granular protrusions also were noted on the cell surface. Granular protrusion was a characteristic finding in FNAB of MTC tinder SEM and might be helpful in the differential diagnosis.

  5. Pre-operative axillary staging: should core biopsy be preferred to fine needle aspiration cytology?

    PubMed

    Vidya, Raghavan; Iqbal, Fahad Mujtaba; Bickley, Bernadette

    2017-01-01

    To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology and core needle biopsy (CNB) of axillary lymph nodes pre-operatively in newly diagnosed operable primary breast cancer. An observational study for all patients who underwent pre-operative FNA cytology or CNB during September 2013-August 2014 was conducted at our institution (County Hospital, Stafford, UK). The accuracy of pre-operative axillary staging was compared to the post-operative histology. For this sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were calculated. A total of 81 consecutive patients were evaluated by axillary ultrasound. Patients identified with potentially abnormal axillary lymph nodes underwent definitive surgery. Seven patients had positive cytology/histology who did not undergo definitive surgery and were excluded (N = 74) from the study. CNB had a sensitivity of 100% versus 72% (p = 0.006) for FNA cytology. Both had 100% specificity and PPV. The NPV of CNB was 100% versus 72% for FNA cytology. Among 35% of patients that underwent FNA cytology required repeat procedure versus 2.6% of patients who underwent CNB. 0/38 patients that had CNB required a second operation while 7/43 patients with negative FNA cytology had positive lymph nodes identified at sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) requiring surgical re-intervention with axillary node clearance. CNB was superior to FNA cytology when interrogating the axilla. We recommend CNB to be adopted routinely in pre-operative axillary staging to reduce surgical re-intervention.

  6. Fine needle aspiration biopsy: role in diagnosis of pediatric head and neck masses.

    PubMed

    Anne, Samantha; Teot, Lisa A; Mandell, David L

    2008-10-01

    To assess the feasibility and role of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) as a diagnostic tool in children with neck masses. Retrospective chart review. Tertiary care children's hospital. Consecutive series of 71 children with a head and neck mass who underwent FNAB as the primary diagnostic modality. FNAB was performed and interpreted by a pediatric cytopathologist. Rapid on-site analysis was performed to allow immediate assessment of specimen adequacy and to attain a preliminary diagnosis, after which routine cytologic staining was performed. Flow cytometry was performed on cytological specimens when malignancy was suspected, and open biopsy was performed when the cytologic diagnosis was in question. Technical feasibility of FNAB in children, complications, cytopathological diagnoses, accuracy of rapid on-site analysis, need for subsequent diagnostic evaluations, clinical outcomes and follow-up. Mean age was 8.4 years (S.D. 5.3 years), with mean follow-up of 4.1 months (S.D. 9.6 months). FNAB was performed under general anesthesia in 54 cases (76%). There were no technical complications. On-site rapid interpretation was completed in 55 cases, 18/55 confirmed adequacy of specimen only, 37/55 yielded a preliminary diagnosis, and in 34/37 cases, was same as final cytopathologic result. Overall, FNAB biopsy demonstrated 64 benign lesions, 3 malignant diagnoses, 2 follicular thyroid neoplasms, and 2 non-diagnostic specimens. FNAB was the only pathological test performed in 54 (76%) cases. The most common diagnosis was reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 39), followed by benign granulomatous disease (n = 8). Flow cytometry was performed on 7 specimens (non-diagnostic in 5, negative for malignancy in 2). Of the 15 cases with surgical specimens, 3 revealed a pathologic diagnosis different from initial FNAB. There were no cases in which FNAB missed a malignancy, and there were 2 cases where FNAB suggested malignancy, with benign disease subsequently found on open biopsy

  7. When Is Rapid On-Site Evaluation Cost-Effective for Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy?

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Robert L.; Walker, Brandon S.; Cohen, Michael B.

    2015-01-01

    Background Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) can improve adequacy rates of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) but increases operational costs. The performance of ROSE relative to fixed sampling depends on many factors. It is not clear when ROSE is less costly than sampling with a fixed number of needle passes. The objective of this study was to determine the conditions under which ROSE is less costly than fixed sampling. Methods Cost comparison of sampling with and without ROSE using mathematical modeling. Models were based on a societal perspective and used a mechanistic, micro-costing approach. Sampling policies (ROSE, fixed) were compared using the difference in total expected costs per case. Scenarios were based on procedure complexity (palpation-guided or image-guided), adequacy rates (low, high) and sampling protocols (stopping criteria for ROSE and fixed sampling). One-way, probabilistic, and scenario-based sensitivity analysis was performed to determine which variables had the greatest influence on the cost difference. Results ROSE is favored relative to fixed sampling under the following conditions: (1) the cytologist is accurate, (2) the total variable cost ($/hr) is low, (3) fixed costs ($/procedure) are high, (4) the setup time is long, (5) the time between needle passes for ROSE is low, (6) when the per-pass adequacy rate is low, and (7) ROSE stops after observing one adequate sample. The model is most sensitive to variation in the fixed cost, the per-pass adequacy rate, and the time per needle pass with ROSE. Conclusions Mathematical modeling can be used to predict the difference in cost between sampling with and without ROSE. PMID:26317785

  8. Local anesthesia for fine-needle aspiration biopsy of palpable breast masses: the effectiveness of a jet injection system.

    PubMed

    Florentine, B D; Frankel, K; Raza, A; Cobb, C J; Greaves, T; Carriere, C; Martin, S E

    1997-12-01

    To determine the effectiveness of the Biojector 2000 needle-free lidocaine injection system in achieving satisfactory local anesthesia for fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of palpable breast lesions, we studied 29 female patients. Each patient served as her own control and had two FNA biopsies performed on the lesion. The first FNA biopsy was preceded by either no anesthesia, ethyl chloride cold spray, or traditional needle lidocaine injection. The second FNA was preceded by the Biojector 2000. Twenty-four patients (83%) reported that they preferred the Biojector 2000 over either no anesthesia, ethyl chloride spray, or needle and syringe lidocaine injection. The Biojector 2000 needle-free injection system is an effective and useful method of local anesthesia for FNA of palpable breast masses.

  9. Diagnosis of Metastasis to the Thyroid Gland: Comparison of Core-Needle Biopsy and Fine-Needle Aspiration.

    PubMed

    Choi, Sang Hyun; Baek, Jung Hwan; Ha, Eun Ju; Choi, Young Jun; Song, Dong Eun; Kim, Jae Kyun; Chung, Ki-Wook; Kim, Tae Yong; Lee, Jeong Hyun

    2016-04-01

    Early detection and diagnosis of metastasis to the thyroid gland is important. This study aims to evaluate the clinical value of core-needle biopsy (CNB) by comparing the results of CNB and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in patients with clinically suspected metastasis to the thyroid gland. Case series with chart review. Tertiary referral practice. Fifty-two thyroid nodules from 52 patients with clinically suspected metastasis to the thyroid gland (mean age, 62.8 years). Of these 52 patients, FNA was initially used in 41 patients and CNB in 20 patients (11 patients as the initial approach and 9 patients after inconclusive FNA results). Ultrasound features of metastasis to the thyroid gland were evaluated. The diagnostic performance, repeated diagnostic examination rate, and diagnostic surgery rate were evaluated for FNA and CNB. Among these 52 patients, 46 were diagnosed with thyroid metastases and 6 were diagnosed with primary thyroid cancer. Common ultrasound features were an ovoid to round shape (58.7%), ill-defined margin (56.5%), hypoechogenicity (65.2%), and no calcifications (87.0%). Core-needle biopsy achieved a significantly higher sensitivity than FNA (100.0% vs 58.6%, P = .008) without any false-negative results. Both the repeated diagnostic examination rate and the diagnostic surgery rate were significantly lower in CNB than in FNA (5.0% vs 46.3%, P = .001, and 5.0% vs 34.1%, P = .013, respectively). In cases of known rare primary malignancy, nontypical ultrasound features of primary thyroid malignancy, and need for an additional immunohistochemical analysis, CNB may be primarily considered. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2016.

  10. Diagnosis of metastatic tumours to the thyroid gland by fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Buła, Grzegorz; Waler, Janusz; Niemiec, Andrzej; Koziołek, Henryk; Bichalski, Wojciech; Gawrychowski, Jacek

    2010-01-01

    Malignant metastases are rarely found in the thyroid gland, the incidence reaching approximately 2% of all thyroid malignant neoplasms. They are most often caused by tumours of the kidneys, lungs, mammary glands, ovary, and colon or by melanomas. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) for diagnosing tumour metastases to thyroid glands. A total of 15122 patients were operated between 1990 and 2009 for goitres. Malignant neoplasm was diagnosed in 733 (4.8%) patients. Malignant metastases to the thyroid gland were detected in 10 patients, namely 2 men and 8 women aged 48-89 years. The group made up 1.4% of all patients operated for malignant thyroid tumour. Preoperative diagnostic procedure consisted of thyroid scintigraphy, thyroid ultrasonography, and cytology of the material obtained through FNA. In addition, the hormonal activity of the thyroid gland was examined. The range of operation was established through clinical assessment of the tumour, preoperative cytology, and intra-operative histopathology. Among 7 patients with thyroid metastases from renal clear cell carcinoma, as diagnosed postoperatively, cytology of the thyroid material obtained through FNA revealed follicular tumour in 3 (43%) patients, tumour cells in 2 (28.5%) and atypical cells in the other 2 (28.5%). Intraoperative histopathology confirmed the presence of metastasis from renal clear cell carcinoma (1) and indicated thyroid medullary cancer (1), follicular tumour (4), or trabecular adenoma with necrosis (1). Among two patients with thyroid metastases from breast cancer, cytology confirmed a metastasis from breast cancer in one (the woman was disqualified for surgical treatment) and indicated follicular tumour in one. Intraoperative histopathology suggested thyroid anaplastic cancer. Examination of biopsy specimen revealed epithelial cells accompanied by cell atypia in one patient with thyroid metastasis from lung cancer. Intra

  11. Predictive Value of Cytologic Atypia in Indeterminate Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspirate Biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Kato, Meredith A.; Buitrago, Daniel; Moo, Tracy-Ann; Keutgen, Xavier M.; Hoda, Raza S.; Ricci, Joseph A.; Christos, Paul J.; Yang, Grace; Fahey, Thomas J.; Zarnegar, Rasa

    2013-01-01

    Background Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies are the most accurate method for diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Unfortunately, biopsies are indeterminate 15–30% of the time and surgery is thus required for a definitive diagnosis. We aimed to determine whether specific descriptors of cytologic atypia mentioned in indeterminate FNA reports were associated with malignancy on final histopathology. Methods Retrospective review of 1000 surgery patients identified 466 indeterminate FNA lesions that underwent either a hemi- or total thyroidectomy between 1998 and 2009. We screened FNA reports for specific descriptors of nuclear atypia. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the independent effect of cytologic atypia descriptors on the risk of malignancy. Results Nuclear atypia on FNA conferred a risk of malignancy of 42% (P <0.0001). Risk of malignancy increased from 17% for zero descriptors to 81.2% when four or more descriptors of atypia were described. Nuclear grooves and inclusions together conferred a risk of malignancy, specificity, and false positive rate of 79.3%, 98.2% and 1.8% respectively. Conclusions The presence of four or more descriptors of cytologic atypia or the presence of both nuclear inclusions and grooves together confers a high risk of malignancy on final histopathology and a low false positive rate. These findings should be taken into consideration when interpreting FNA reports and total thyroidectomy should be considered for those patients at higher risk. PMID:21424883

  12. Sebaceous lymphadenoma identified by fine needle aspiration biopsy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Banich, James; Reyes, Cesar V; Bier-Laning, Carol

    2007-01-01

    Sebaceous lymphadenoma of the parotid gland is a rare benign neoplasm. This is the first reported case of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) findings for sebaceous lymphadenoma of the parotid gland. A 60-year-old male presented with painless, bilateral parotid swelling noted for 5 months. The swelling was more pronounced on the right. Examination revealed bilaterally prominent parotid glands with diffuse firmness but no discrete masses. There was no evidence of facial nerve dysfunction. Laboratory evaluation was negative for infectious and autoimmune etiologies. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral cystic parotid masses. FNAB of the right parotid was obtained to assist with preoperative counseling. It revealed lymphoid and salivary gland parenchymal cells. The patient underwent a right superficial parotidectomy. The surgical specimen of the parotid mass confirmed the diagnosis of sebaceous lymphadenoma on the tissue section. The contralateral parotid mass had not been excised at this writing. This report is the first to describe the FNAB findings of the unusual benign parotid neoplasm sebaceous lymphadenoma. Though the definitive diagnosis of any parotid mass requires tissue, generally obtained via parotidectomy, an FNAB diagnosis can be useful in counseling a patient prior to definitive biopsy.

  13. Influence of feature set reduction on breast cancer malignancy classification of fine needle aspiration biopsies.

    PubMed

    Jeleń, Łukasz; Krzyżak, Adam; Fevens, Thomas; Jeleń, Michał

    2016-12-01

    Grading of breast cancer malignancy is a key step in its diagnosis, which in turn helps to determine its prognosis and a course of treatment. In this paper, we consider the application of pattern recognition and image processing techniques to perform computer-assisted automatic breast cancer malignancy grading from cytological slides of fine needle aspiration biopsies. To determine a classification of the malignancy of the slide, a feature set is first determined from imagery of the slides. In this paper we investigated the nature of a wide set of features extracted from biopsy images to determine their discriminatory power and cross-correlation. Feature vector reduction is studied using a correlation map of the features, determining discriminatory power using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, significant feature selection, and stepwise feature selection. The reduction of the feature vector simplifies the complexity of classification scheme and does not impair the classification accuracy. In some cases a decrease of the error rate is noted. Based on this analysis, we present an improved classification system for cancer malignancy grading. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Fine-needle aspiration versus core needle biopsy for diagnosis of thyroid malignancy and neoplasm: a matched cohort study.

    PubMed

    Kim, Soo-Yeon; Lee, Hye Sun; Moon, Jieun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kwak, Jin Young

    2017-02-01

    To compare the diagnostic performances of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in the diagnosis of thyroid malignancy and neoplasm in patients who underwent surgery for thyroid nodules. This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and the need to obtain informed consent was waived. 3192 patients who underwent FNA (n = 3048) or CNB (n = 144) for diagnosis of thyroid nodules and then proceeded with surgery were included. Surgical pathologic diagnosis was the reference standard. Diagnostic performances of FNA and CNB to predict malignancy and neoplasm were compared. Propensity score matching was used to match patients with FNA with those with CNB because there were significant differences in the number of nodules and nodule characteristics between the FNA and CNB groups. Before matching, the sensitivity and accuracy of FNA were significantly higher or comparable with those of CNB, and the specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were comparable. After matching, the diagnostic performances were similar, with the exception of specificity for predicting neoplasm being higher with CNB than with FNA. FNA showed comparable diagnostic performance to CNB; therefore, there may be no benefit in performing CNB to diagnose papillary thyroid carcinoma and neoplasm. • Diagnostic performances of FNA and CNB for thyroid malignancy and neoplasm were compared. • FNA showed comparable performances to CNB both before and after statistical matching. • There may be no benefit in performing CNB, given the comparable performances.

  15. Pre-operative axillary staging: should core biopsy be preferred to fine needle aspiration cytology?

    PubMed Central

    Vidya, Raghavan; Iqbal, Fahad Mujtaba; Bickley, Bernadette

    2017-01-01

    Objective To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology and core needle biopsy (CNB) of axillary lymph nodes pre-operatively in newly diagnosed operable primary breast cancer. Methods An observational study for all patients who underwent pre-operative FNA cytology or CNB during September 2013–August 2014 was conducted at our institution (County Hospital, Stafford, UK). The accuracy of pre-operative axillary staging was compared to the post-operative histology. For this sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were calculated. Results A total of 81 consecutive patients were evaluated by axillary ultrasound. Patients identified with potentially abnormal axillary lymph nodes underwent definitive surgery. Seven patients had positive cytology/histology who did not undergo definitive surgery and were excluded (N = 74) from the study. CNB had a sensitivity of 100% versus 72% (p = 0.006) for FNA cytology. Both had 100% specificity and PPV. The NPV of CNB was 100% versus 72% for FNA cytology. Among 35% of patients that underwent FNA cytology required repeat procedure versus 2.6% of patients who underwent CNB. 0/38 patients that had CNB required a second operation while 7/43 patients with negative FNA cytology had positive lymph nodes identified at sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) requiring surgical re-intervention with axillary node clearance. Conclusion CNB was superior to FNA cytology when interrogating the axilla. We recommend CNB to be adopted routinely in pre-operative axillary staging to reduce surgical re-intervention. PMID:28386294

  16. [Comparative study of core needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of neck lymph node diseases with contrast-enhanced ultrasound].

    PubMed

    Zhang, W Z; Yang, G Y; Xu, J P; Zhang, L; Li, J; Zhao, D

    2016-08-07

    To compare the efficacies of core needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of neck lymph node diseases with contrast-enhanced ultrasound. A total of 105 patients with enlargement cervical lymph nodes were randomly divided into two groups, 49 in group A and 56 in group B. All patients were firstly examined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound to determine the targeted lymph node and the puncture point. Core needle biopsy was performed in Group A and tissues were fixed by with 10% formaldehyde; Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed in Group B and extracts were smeared and fixed with 95% alcohol. The success rates of sampling were 100.0% in group A and 96.4% in group B. The positive rates of pathological examinations were 97.9% in group A; and 82.1% in group B, with a significant difference between two groups (χ(2) = 6.97, P<0.05). The pathologically positive rates of core needle biopsy is higher than that of fine needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis of neck lymph node diseases with contrast-enhanced ultrasound.

  17. Diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of biopsy in musculoskeletal lesions: a comparison of fine-needle aspiration, core, and open biopsy techniques.

    PubMed

    Layfield, Lester J; Schmidt, Robert L; Sangle, Nikhil; Crim, Julia R

    2014-06-01

    Selection of biopsy technique for musculoskeletal lesions is complex. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is uncommonly used due to concerns regarding accuracy. We compared diagnostic accuracy of FNA, core, and open biopsy in a series of musculoskeletal lesions. Records of the University of Utah were searched for biopsy and resection specimens of musculoskeletal lesions. Results of corresponding imaging studies were obtained. Biopsy and FNA diagnoses were correlated with resection diagnoses. For each technique, diagnostic accuracy, utility, and frequency of subsequent biopsy were calculated. Open biopsy had the highest diagnostic accuracy (89%) followed by FNA (82%) and core biopsy (78%). Clinically significant errors occurred with all methods. The likelihood of an open biopsy being performed was affected by prior performance of an FNA or core biopsy and by diagnostic imaging and FNA results. Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Tumour seeding after fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy of the head and neck--a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Shah, Keval S V; Ethunandan, Madan

    2016-04-01

    Although fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy are essential diagnostic investigations of lumps in the head and neck, seeding along the needle track has long been a concern, and various factors have been implicated. We therefore searched the Medline database for relevant English language papers published between 1970 and 2014, excluding those on the thyroid and parathyroid, and systematically reviewed them to assess the risk. In the 610 articles reviewed we found only 7 reports of seeding (5 after FNAC and 2 after core needle biopsy). Tumours were found between 3 months and 3 years after the procedure in 4 cases, and in 3, tumour cells were found along the needle track between 0 and 33 days after the procedure. The needles varied in size from 18 - 22 gauge (G) and there were 3 to 4 passes. Four cases occurred after investigation of a mass in the salivary glands, and 3 after assessment of a cervical lymph node. Disease was benign in one and malignant in 6. Seeding along the needle track after FNAC or core needle biopsy of a lump in the head and neck is rarely reported, and an accurate estimate of its incidence is difficult to ascertain. Crude estimates suggest 0.00012% and 0.0011% after FNA and core needle biopsy, respectively. A distinction should be made between seeding that is seen shortly after the procedure and the development of tumour along the needle track. Copyright © 2016 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Physical exam in asymptomatic people drivers the detection of thyroid nodules undergoing ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Singh Ospina, Naykky; Maraka, Spyridoula; Espinosa De Ycaza, Ana E; Ahn, Hyeong Sik; Castro, M Regina; Morris, John C; Montori, Victor M; Brito, Juan P

    2016-11-01

    Understanding epidemiology and the factors leading to thyroid nodule diagnosis might help alter the course of the thyroid cancer epidemic. Population-based study using the Rochester Epidemiology Project database between 2003 and 2006. Patients with thyroid nodules who underwent ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy were included. We identified 453 patients with 520 thyroid nodules undergoing ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration. Patients were mostly women (n: 349, 77 %) with a mean age of 52 (standard deviation 17) years. The age-adjusted and sex-adjusted incidence of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration-thyroid nodules between 2003 and 2006 was 89 (95 % confidence interval, 80-97) per 100,000 person-years; the incidence in women was 130 (95 % confidence interval, 117-144), and for men 43 (95 % confidence interval, 35-52) per 100,000 person-years. The incidence of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration-thyroid nodules increased by 42 %, from 68 (95 % confidence interval, 54-82) in 2003 to 97 (95 % confidence interval, 80-113) per 100,000 person-years in 2006. The group with the highest incidence was patients between 70 and 79 years of age, 258 per 100,000 person-years. Most ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration-thyroid nodules were found in asymptomatic patients (n: 371, 82 %) by physical examination (n: 197, 43 %) or on imaging studies performed for non-thyroid issues (n: 108, 24 %). Women were more likely to have nodules detected by palpation (45 %), whereas imaging and physical examination contributed similarly in men (39 and 38 %). There is a large and rapid increase in the ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration-thyroid nodules, particularly among women and elderly patients which mirrors the trends observed in thyroid cancer. Most thyroid nodules were found in asymptomatic patients as a result of routine physical examination or imaging.

  20. Immunohistochemical Staining of Histological Fragments Derived from Salivary Gland Tumour Fine-Needle Biopsy Aspirates.

    PubMed

    Lundberg, Marie; Munsterhjelm, Berent; Mäkitie, Antti; Leivo, Ilmo

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe a method for analysing histological fragments derived from fine- needle aspirate biopsy (FNAB) of salivary gland tumours (SGTs), and to evaluate the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) on them. We reviewed all 509 FNAB pathology reports taken from SGTs at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, between 1999 and 2009. In 51% of the cases (n = 209) "histo-fragments" had been obtained and 31 had been further analysed by IHC. Of these, 25 (81%) were available for review. We evaluated the benefit of IHC by relating its added value to the preoperative cytological diagnosis and its accuracy compared with the postoperative histological diagnosis. Most of the samples analysed by IHC were assigned a malignant diagnosis, with 12 different types of malignancy represented. IHC was advantageous in 76% of the cases. In the 108 studies using IHC in this series, antibodies to 36 different antigens were used. Analysis of histo-fragments in FNABs using IHC can be valuable in specific differential diagnostics and raises diagnostic accuracy in SGTs. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  1. [Should all patients with thyroid nodules > or = 1 cm undergo fine-needle aspiration biopsy?].

    PubMed

    Schicha, Harald; Hellmich, M; Lehmacher, W; Eschner, Wolfgang; Schmidt, Matthias; Kobe, Carsten; Schober, Otmar; Dietlein, Markus

    2009-01-01

    The prevalence of thyroid nodules > or = 1 cm is high in a previously iodine-deficient area. Under the hypothesis, that all patients with such nodules undergo fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and that sensitivity and specificity of cytology are calculated with 85%, the positive predictive value of pathologic cytologic finding will reach 1.5% only according to Bayes-theorem. This is clinically unacceptable, as resection will be the consequence in all cases with suspect cytology. Even implementation of a second, independent test (e. g. moleculargenetic testing of thyreocytes, sensitivity to detect mutation 50%, specificity 95%) and application of sequential Bayes-theorem the positive predictive value of combined pathologic findings will increase to 13% only. Nevertheless, 58% out of all thyroid cancer remain undetected by such a sequential algorithm. As a consequence , pre-selection of thyroid nodules for FNAB is required to increase the pretest-probability to at least 5-10%. A combination of sonographic criteria and scintigraphy, even in patients with normal TSH-levels, is suited to selected thyroid nodules for FNAB.

  2. Breast cancer prognosis and isolated tumor cell findings in axillary lymph nodes after core needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration cytology: Biopsy method and breast cancer outcome.

    PubMed

    Liikanen, J; Leidenius, M; Joensuu, H; Vironen, J; Heikkilä, P; Meretoja, T

    2016-01-01

    It is unknown whether performing a core needle biopsy (CNB) to diagnose breast cancer increases the incidence of isolated tumor cells (ITC) in the axillary sentinel lymph nodes. Patients diagnosed with unilateral invasive pT1 breast cancer (≤2 cm in diameter, n = 1525) at a single center between February 2001 and August 2005 were included in this prospective observational cohort study. The patients were categorized into two groups according to the type of the preoperative breast needle biopsy performed, the CNB and the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) groups, and followed up for a median of 9.5 years after breast surgery. 868 (56.9%) patients had FNAC and 657 (43.2%) CNB. In the subset of patients with no axillary metastases (pN0, n = 1005) 70 patients had ITC, 37 (4.3%) out of the 546 patients in FNAC group and 33 (5.0%) out of the 459 patients in the CNB group (p = 0.798). The type of tumor biopsy did not influence breast cancer-specific survival (p = 0.461) or local recurrence-free survival (p = 0.814) in univariable survival analyses. Overall, survival favored the CNB group in a univariable analysis, but no difference in survival emerged in a multivariable analysis (p = 0.718). CNB was not associated with a greater incidence of ITC in axillary lymph nodes as compared with FNAC, and did not have an adverse effect on survival outcomes in a patient population treated with modern adjuvant therapies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. [Assessment of amylase and lipase levels following puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions].

    PubMed

    Membrillo-Romero, Alejandro; Gonzalez-Lanzagorta, Rubén; Rascón-Martínez, Dulce María

    2016-12-14

    Puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound has been used as an effective technique and is quickly becoming the procedure of choice for diagnosis and staging in patients suspected of having pancreatic cancer. This procedure has replaced retrograde cholangiopancreatography and brush cytology due to its higher sensitivity for diagnosis, and lower risk of complications. To assess the levels of pancreatic enzymes amylase and lipase, after the puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions and the frequency of post-puncture acute pancreatitis. A longitudinal and descriptive study of consecutive cases was performed on outpatients submitted to puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions. Levels of pancreatic enzymes such as amylase and lipase were measured before and after the pancreatic puncture. Finally we documented post-puncture pancreatitis cases. A total of 100 patients who had been diagnosed with solid and cystic lesions were included in the study. Significant elevation was found at twice the reference value for lipase in 5 cases (5%) and for amylase in 2 cases (2%), none had clinical symptoms of acute pancreatitis. Eight (8%) of patients presented with mild nonspecific pain with no enzyme elevation compatible with pancreatitis. Pancreatic biopsy needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound was associated with a low rate of elevated pancreatic enzymes and there were no cases of post-puncture pancreatitis. Copyright © 2016 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  4. A Review of the Use of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Mammary Tumors for Diagnosis and Research.

    PubMed

    Tani, Edneia; Fuentes-Martinez, Nelson; Skoog, Lambert

    2017-01-01

    The article "Aspiration Biopsy of Mammary Tumors in Diagnosis and Research - A Critical Review of 2,200 Cases" by Zajicek et al. [Acta Cytol 1967;11:169-175] is composed of two separate parts as can be seen from the title. Both are, however, of great historical interest. The first describes the early days of fine-needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of breast lesions in particular carcinomas. The results are still impressive with a diagnostic accuracy close to 90%. The second deals with the effect of negative pressure on cell viability during the aspiration procedure. These studies were aimed at evaluating the usefulness of aspirated tumor cells to analyze the effects of therapy and the origin of tumor cells. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  5. The contribution of vacuum-assisted modified Menghini type needle to diagnosis of US-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid

    PubMed Central

    Birgi, Erdem; Ergun, Onur; Türkmenoğlu, Tuğba Taşkın; Tatar, İdil Güneş; Durmaz, Hasan Ali; Hekimoğlu, Baki

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to determine the contribution of vacuum-assisted modified Menghini type needle to diagnosis of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid evaluated by a pathologist at the bedside. METHODS A total of 147 thyroid nodules in 138 patients (122 women, 16 men) were included in this prospective study. Sonographic features of nodules, number of aspirations, pain and pain severity during the process, hemorrhage, and presence of sample obtained for cell block analysis were recorded and analyzed with the results of aspiration biopsy. RESULTS Using the 21G modified Menghini type needle, a diagnosis could not be reached in 14.3% of nodules. Adequate samples for cell block analysis were obtained in 47 nodules (32%), 17 of which contributed to the diagnosis. While the difference between diagnostic cytopathology results and the contribution of the cell block were statistically significant, obtainability of cell block samples was not significantly correlated with the number of aspirations or the presence of a cystic component in the nodule. CONCLUSION FNAB with 21G vacuum-assisted modified Menghini type needle is a safe procedure with very low complication rates. In addition to the cytologic smear samples, microtissue fragments obtained with this method help pathologists in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. PMID:26714056

  6. Digital PCR Improves Mutation Analysis in Pancreas Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Specimens

    PubMed Central

    Court, Colin M.; Kim, Stephen; Braxton, David R.; Hou, Shuang; Muthusamy, V. Raman; Watson, Rabindra R.; Sedarat, Alireza; Tseng, Hsian-Rong; Tomlinson, James S.

    2017-01-01

    Applications of precision oncology strategies rely on accurate tumor genotyping from clinically available specimens. Fine needle aspirations (FNA) are frequently obtained in cancer management and often represent the only source of tumor tissues for patients with metastatic or locally advanced diseases. However, FNAs obtained from pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are often limited in cellularity and/or tumor cell purity, precluding accurate tumor genotyping in many cases. Digital PCR (dPCR) is a technology with exceptional sensitivity and low DNA template requirement, characteristics that are necessary for analyzing PDAC FNA samples. In the current study, we sought to evaluate dPCR as a mutation analysis tool for pancreas FNA specimens. To this end, we analyzed alterations in the KRAS gene in pancreas FNAs using dPCR. The sensitivity of dPCR mutation analysis was first determined using serial dilution cell spiking studies. Single-cell laser-microdissection (LMD) was then utilized to identify the minimal number of tumor cells needed for mutation detection. Lastly, dPCR mutation analysis was performed on 44 pancreas FNAs (34 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) and 10 fresh (non-fixed)), including samples highly limited in cellularity (100 cells) and tumor cell purity (1%). We found dPCR to detect mutations with allele frequencies as low as 0.17%. Additionally, a single tumor cell could be detected within an abundance of normal cells. Using clinical FNA samples, dPCR mutation analysis was successful in all preoperative FNA biopsies tested, and its accuracy was confirmed via comparison with resected tumor specimens. Moreover, dPCR revealed additional KRAS mutations representing minor subclones within a tumor that were not detected by the current clinical gold standard method of Sanger sequencing. In conclusion, dPCR performs sensitive and accurate mutation analysis in pancreas FNAs, detecting not only the dominant mutation subtype, but also the additional rare

  7. Diagnostic and prognostic TERT promoter mutations in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Liu, Rengyun; Xing, Mingzhao

    2014-10-01

    Two promoter mutations, chr5:1 295 228C>T and chr5:1 295 250C>T, in the gene for telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have been recently identified in thyroid cancers and shown to be important in thyroid tumor pathogenesis. The diagnostic and prognostic potentials of testing for these mutations on thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) have not been investigated. Herein, we examined the two TERT promoter mutations along with the BRAF V600E mutation by direct DNA sequencing on 308 FNAB specimens preoperatively obtained from thyroid nodules with postoperatively confirmed pathological diagnoses. We found TERT promoter mutations in 0.0% (0/179) of benign thyroid nodules and 7.0% (9/129) of thyroid nodules of differentiated thyroid cancer, representing a 100% diagnostic specificity and 7.0% sensitivity, with the latter rising to 38.0% (49/129) when combined with BRAF V600E testing. Several TERT-promoter-mutation-positive thyroid nodules were cytologically indeterminate on FNAB. Approximately 80% of the TERT promoter mutation-positive thyroid nodules were thyroid cancers with aggressive clinicopathological behaviors, such as extrathyroidal invasion, lymph node metastases, distant metastases, disease recurrence or patient death. Thus, a positive TERT promoter mutation test not only definitively diagnoses a thyroid nodule as cancerous but also preoperatively identifies a cancer with aggressive potential. This is the first study, to our knowledge, of TERT promoter mutations on thyroid FNAB, demonstrating the value of this novel molecular testing in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and preoperative risk stratification of thyroid cancer. Thus, testing of TERT promoter mutations on FNAB will enhance and improve the current molecular-based approaches to the management of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. © 2014 Society for Endocrinology.

  8. Digital PCR Improves Mutation Analysis in Pancreas Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Specimens.

    PubMed

    Sho, Shonan; Court, Colin M; Kim, Stephen; Braxton, David R; Hou, Shuang; Muthusamy, V Raman; Watson, Rabindra R; Sedarat, Alireza; Tseng, Hsian-Rong; Tomlinson, James S

    2017-01-01

    Applications of precision oncology strategies rely on accurate tumor genotyping from clinically available specimens. Fine needle aspirations (FNA) are frequently obtained in cancer management and often represent the only source of tumor tissues for patients with metastatic or locally advanced diseases. However, FNAs obtained from pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are often limited in cellularity and/or tumor cell purity, precluding accurate tumor genotyping in many cases. Digital PCR (dPCR) is a technology with exceptional sensitivity and low DNA template requirement, characteristics that are necessary for analyzing PDAC FNA samples. In the current study, we sought to evaluate dPCR as a mutation analysis tool for pancreas FNA specimens. To this end, we analyzed alterations in the KRAS gene in pancreas FNAs using dPCR. The sensitivity of dPCR mutation analysis was first determined using serial dilution cell spiking studies. Single-cell laser-microdissection (LMD) was then utilized to identify the minimal number of tumor cells needed for mutation detection. Lastly, dPCR mutation analysis was performed on 44 pancreas FNAs (34 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) and 10 fresh (non-fixed)), including samples highly limited in cellularity (100 cells) and tumor cell purity (1%). We found dPCR to detect mutations with allele frequencies as low as 0.17%. Additionally, a single tumor cell could be detected within an abundance of normal cells. Using clinical FNA samples, dPCR mutation analysis was successful in all preoperative FNA biopsies tested, and its accuracy was confirmed via comparison with resected tumor specimens. Moreover, dPCR revealed additional KRAS mutations representing minor subclones within a tumor that were not detected by the current clinical gold standard method of Sanger sequencing. In conclusion, dPCR performs sensitive and accurate mutation analysis in pancreas FNAs, detecting not only the dominant mutation subtype, but also the additional rare

  9. Ultrasound Guided Core Biopsy versus Fine Needle Aspiration for Evaluation of Axillary Lymphadenopathy in Patients with Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Ganott, Marie A.; Zuley, Margarita L.; Abrams, Gordon S.; Lu, Amy H.; Kelly, Amy E.; Chivukula, Mamatha; Carter, Gloria; Austin, R. Marshall; Bandos, Andriy I.

    2014-01-01

    Rationale and Objectives. To compare the sensitivities of ultrasound guided core biopsy and fine needle aspiration (FNA) for detection of axillary lymph node metastases in patients with a current diagnosis of ipsilateral breast cancer. Materials and Methods. From December 2008 to December 2010, 105 patients with breast cancer and abnormal appearing lymph nodes in the ipsilateral axilla consented to undergo FNA of an axillary node immediately followed by core biopsy of the same node, both with ultrasound guidance. Experienced pathologists evaluated the aspirate cytology without knowledge of the core histology. Cytology and core biopsy results were compared to sentinel node excision or axillary dissection pathology. Sensitivities were compared using McNemar's test. Results. Of 70 patients with axillary node metastases, FNA was positive in 55/70 (78.6%) and core was positive in 61/70 (87.1%) (P = 0.18). The FNA and core results were discordant in 14/70 (20%) patients. Ten cases were FNA negative/core positive. Four cases were FNA positive/core negative. Conclusion. Core biopsy detected six (8.6%) more cases of metastatic lymphadenopathy than FNA but the difference in sensitivities was not statistically significant. Core biopsy should be considered if the node is clearly imaged and readily accessible. FNA is a good alternative when a smaller needle is desired due to node location or other patient factors. This trial is registered with NCT01920139. PMID:24649373

  10. Cytological diagnosis of sialadenosis, sialadenitis, and parotid cysts by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Droese, M

    1981-01-01

    This analysis permits the following conclusions: The value of punctate cytology consists in the possibility to verify the clinical diagnosis of a cyst by aspiration of fluid, and to make a preoperative assessment of the necessity of an operation and its type and extent, if proof of a benign or malignant tumor was obtained by microscopic examination. The diagnostic value of punctate cytology can be increased if after aspiration of cyst fluid also solid tissue components from the region of the cyst are included. Patients whose biopsy aspirates did not give evidence for the presence of a tumor should be reexamined 2-4 weeks later. Operative treatment will not be necessary if the follow-up examination reveals that the parotid swelling has subsided. Without this control investigation, recommended by Zajicek [80], morphological aspects always indicate an operation if tumor-negative biopsies cannot be etiologically classified even though clinical data were included in the diagnostic procedure.

  11. CT-Guided Percutaneous Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Posterior Skull Base Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Caldemeyer, Karen S.; Pritz, Michael B.

    1999-01-01

    We describe a retroauricular approach, adjacent to the mastoid tip, in two patients that allowed successful biopsy of posterior skull base lesions. Diagnoses were central giant cell granuloma, an unusual tumor rarely reported in the skull base, and meningioma. In both patients, the needle biopsy accurately identified the pathology found at surgery. The described approach may allow biopsy of posterior lesions that are inaccessible with other methods. ImagesFigure 1p162-bp163-aFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4 PMID:17171133

  12. Cost-effectiveness comparison between palpation- and ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Can, Ahmet Selçuk

    2009-01-01

    Background The aim of this study is to perform a cost-effectiveness comparison between palpation-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (P-FNA) and ultrasound-guided thyroid FNA biopsies (USG-FNA). Methods Each nodule was considered as a case. Diagnostic steps were history and physical examination, TSH measurement, Tc99m thyroid scintigraphy for nodules with a low TSH level, initial P-FNA versus initial USG-FNA, repeat USG-FNA for nodules with initial inadequate P-FNA or USG-FNA, hemithyroidectomy for inadequate repeat USG-FNA. American Thyroid Association thyroid nodule management guidelines were simulated in estimating the cost of P-FNA strategy. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists guidelines were simulated for USG-FNA strategy. Total costs were estimated by adding the cost of each diagnostic step to reach a diagnosis for 100 nodules. Strategy cost was found by dividing the total cost to 100. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated by dividing the difference between strategy cost of USG-FNA and P-FNA to the difference between accuracy of USG-FNA and P-FNA. A positive ICER indicates more and a negative ICER indicates less expense to achieve one more additional accurate diagnosis of thyroid cancer for USG-FNA. Results Seventy-eight P-FNAs and 190 USG-FNAs were performed between April 2003 and May 2008. There were no differences in age, gender, thyroid function, frequency of multinodular goiter, nodule location and diameter (median nodule diameter: 18.4 mm in P-FNA and 17.0 mm in USG-FNA) between groups. Cytology results in P-FNA versus USG-FNA groups were as follows: benign 49% versus 62% (p = 0.04), inadequate 42% versus 29% (p = 0.03), malignant 3% (p = 1.00) and indeterminate 6% (p = 0.78) for both. Eleven nodules from P-FNA and 18 from USG-FNA group underwent surgery. The accuracy of P-FNA was 0.64 and USG-FNA 0.72. Unit cost of P-FNA was 148 Euros and USG-FNA 226 Euros. The cost of P-FNA strategy was 534 Euros and USG

  13. Cost-effectiveness comparison between palpation- and ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies.

    PubMed

    Can, Ahmet Selçuk

    2009-05-16

    The aim of this study is to perform a cost-effectiveness comparison between palpation-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (P-FNA) and ultrasound-guided thyroid FNA biopsies (USG-FNA). Each nodule was considered as a case. Diagnostic steps were history and physical examination, TSH measurement, Tc99m thyroid scintigraphy for nodules with a low TSH level, initial P-FNA versus initial USG-FNA, repeat USG-FNA for nodules with initial inadequate P-FNA or USG-FNA, hemithyroidectomy for inadequate repeat USG-FNA. American Thyroid Association thyroid nodule management guidelines were simulated in estimating the cost of P-FNA strategy. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists guidelines were simulated for USG-FNA strategy. Total costs were estimated by adding the cost of each diagnostic step to reach a diagnosis for 100 nodules. Strategy cost was found by dividing the total cost to 100. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated by dividing the difference between strategy cost of USG-FNA and P-FNA to the difference between accuracy of USG-FNA and P-FNA. A positive ICER indicates more and a negative ICER indicates less expense to achieve one more additional accurate diagnosis of thyroid cancer for USG-FNA. Seventy-eight P-FNAs and 190 USG-FNAs were performed between April 2003 and May 2008. There were no differences in age, gender, thyroid function, frequency of multinodular goiter, nodule location and diameter (median nodule diameter: 18.4 mm in P-FNA and 17.0 mm in USG-FNA) between groups. Cytology results in P-FNA versus USG-FNA groups were as follows: benign 49% versus 62% (p = 0.04), inadequate 42% versus 29% (p = 0.03), malignant 3% (p = 1.00) and indeterminate 6% (p = 0.78) for both. Eleven nodules from P-FNA and 18 from USG-FNA group underwent surgery. The accuracy of P-FNA was 0.64 and USG-FNA 0.72. Unit cost of P-FNA was 148 Euros and USG-FNA 226 Euros. The cost of P-FNA strategy was 534 Euros and USG-FNA strategy 523 Euros

  14. Cytological diagnosis of metastatic malignant melanoma by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Lindsey, Kathryn G; Ingram, Courtney; Bergeron, Joseph; Yang, Jack

    2016-07-01

    Despite increased surveillance and public awareness, the incidence of melanoma is increasing. Frequently, fine-needle aspiration is employed for the diagnosis of metastatic disease, and aspirated material is used for cytogenetic and molecular studies to guide treatment options. The pairing of a significant diagnosis with the numerous morphologic variants of melanoma can make the cytologic evaluation disquieting. We present selected examples of our experiences and a brief review of the literature to provide cytodiagnostic clues for this malignancy. The clinical history is foremost, although the fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of metastatic melanoma can provide a diagnosis before identification of the primary lesion in up to 20% of cases. If a history of melanoma is assured, negative results in sampling of pulmonary and subcutaneous nodules should be suspected as false negatives. The smearing pattern usually features poorly cohesive cells. Frankly malignant, spindled, and epithelioid cell shapes are most common, and cytoplasmic vacuoles, if sought on Romanowsky-stained specimens, can usually be found. The telltale feature of melanin production, although diagnostic, is only present in 50% of cases. Finally, eccentric placement of nuclei, nucleoli, and nuclear pseudoinclusions are accessory features for the cytologic interpretation of melanoma. Numerous morphologic patterns of melanoma are potentially seen, but a stepwise approach to diagnosis usually produces a successful result.

  15. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of canine mammary gland tumours: a comparison between cytology and histopathology.

    PubMed

    Sontas, B H; Yüzbaşıoğlu Öztürk, G; Toydemir, T F S; Arun, S S; Ekici, H

    2012-02-01

    In the current study, a total of 90 mammary neoplasms obtained from 55 female dogs were used to determine the accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of canine mammary tumours and to investigate the feasibility of this technique for the differentiation of simple tumours from complex or mixed tumours. Three aspirations were performed on each mammary gland mass using a 22-gauge needle attached to a 5-ml syringe before the mammary glands were surgically excised and submitted for histopathological examination. Twenty-five (27.7%) of 90 samples were classified as insufficient/inadequate for diagnosis. Of the remaining 65 samples, six (9.2%) were benign, 51 (78.5%) were malignant tumours and 8 (12.3%) were suspicious. Histopathological examination of the 90 specimens revealed five (5.6%) benign, 84 (93.3%) malignant and one (1.1%) non-neoplastic lesion. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of cytologic examination for diagnosing malignancy were 96.5%, 96.2% and 100%, respectively. However, when inadequate (n = 25) and suspicious (n = 8) samples were included, the diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity decreased to 63.3% and 60.7%, respectively, but no change was observed in the specificity. Furthermore, it was not possible to differentiate simple tumours from complex and mixed tumours because spindle cells were seen in both 28% of the simple tumours and 39.3% of the complex or mix tumours. In conclusion, we believe that fine-needle aspiration cytology of canine mammary tumours is a valuable diagnostic tool, although our results indicated lower accuracy when inadequate samples were taken into consideration. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  16. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of gastrointestinal stromal tumor presenting as an umbilical mass (Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule).

    PubMed

    Scudeler, Donizete; Wakely, Paul E

    2006-04-01

    The Sister Mary Joseph (SMJ) nodule is a clinical sign of metastatic cancer involving the umbilicus. The vast majority of these instances represent adenocarcinomas arising from ovarian or colorectal primaries. We present a patient who presented with ascites and the SMJ lesion that turned out to be a metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor after fine needle aspiration biopsy was performed. The lesion was subsequently histologically confirmed. Gastrointestinal stroma tumor involving the umbilicus is exceedingly uncommon and only rarely presents in this fashion. The cytomorphological features, differential diagnosis, and comparison with the tissue specimen are made.

  17. Comparison of Ultrasound-Guided Core Needle Biopsy and Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration for Solid Pancreatic Lesions.

    PubMed

    Sur, Young Keun; Kim, Young Chul; Kim, Jai Keun; Lee, Jei Hee; Yoo, Byung Moo; Kim, Young Bae

    2015-12-01

    The objective of our study was to compare the diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) using a 25-gauge needle and ultrasound (US)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) using an 18-gauge core needle for diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions. This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Patients who underwent either EUS-guided FNA or US-guided CNB for a solid pancreatic lesion from January 2008 to December 2012 were included and reviewed. Fine-needle aspirations and CNBs were performed by experienced endoscopists and radiologists. The diagnostic yield, accuracy, technical failure rate, sensitivity, and specificity for malignancy were calculated and compared. A total of 106 biopsy attempts were undertaken in 89 patients (EUS-guided FNA, n = 70; US-guided CNB, n = 36). Biopsy specimens were successfully obtained in 98 biopsy attempts (EUS-guided FNA, n = 63; US-guided CNB, n = 35). The accuracy, technical failure rate, sensitivity, and specificity of EUS-guided FNA for malignancy (73.02%, 10.00%, 77.78%, and 44.44%, respectively) was not significantly different from those of US-guided CNB (88.57%, 2.78%, 87.10%, and 100%, respectively; P ≥ .089). Diagnostic performance did not differ between the modalities according to the size and the location of the lesion in the pancreas. However, the diagnostic yield of US-guided CNB (86.11%) was higher than that of EUS-guided FNA (65.71%, P = .035). The diagnostic yield of US-guided CNB for solid pancreatic lesions is superior to that of EUS-guided FNA. © 2015 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  18. CT-Guided Percutaneous Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Inferior Vena Cava Wall: A Posterior Coaxial Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Kos, Sebastian Bilecen, Deniz; Baumhoer, Daniel; Guillaume, Nicolas; Jacob, Augustinus L.

    2010-02-15

    A 72-year-old man was referred to our department with an incidentally diagnosed bronchogenic carcinoma of the right upper lobe. Positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) revealed an unexpected hot spot in the ventral wall of the infrarenal segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Diagnostic biopsy of this lesion was performed under CT guidance with semiautomated 20G fine-needle aspiration (FNA) through a 19G coaxial needle. Cytology revealed few carcinoma cells, which led to the remarkable diagnosis of a distant metastasis to the IVC wall. Both the immediate postinterventional CT control and the further surveillance period of the patient were unremarkable; in particular, no signs of bleeding complications were detected. We conclude that coaxial FNA of an IVC wall lesion is technically feasible and may even help diagnose distant metastasis.

  19. Fine-needle aspiration and core biopsy in the diagnosis of breast lesions: A comparison and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Mitra, Suvradeep; Dey, Pranab

    2016-01-01

    In recent times, the diagnosis of breast lesions has mostly become dependent on core needle biopsies (CNBs) with a gradual reduction in the rate of performing fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Both the procedures have their pros and cons and outsmart each other taking into account different parameters. Both the methods are found to be fraught with loopholes, taking into account different performance indices, diagnostic accuracy and concordance, patient benefit, and cost-effectiveness. Unlike the popular belief of an absolute superiority of CNB over FNAC, the literature review does not reveal a very distinct demarcation in many aspects. We recommend judicious use of these diagnostic modalities in resource-limited settings and screening programs taking into account parameters such as palpability and availability of an experienced cytopathologist. PMID:27651820

  20. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions with non-coaxial technique: a single center experience with 442 biopsies.

    PubMed

    Uzun, Çağlar; Akkaya, Zehra; Düşünceli Atman, Ebru; Üstüner, Evren; Peker, Elif; Gülpınar, Başak; Elhan, Atilla Halil; Ceyhan, Koray; Atasoy, Kayhan Çetin

    2017-01-01

    We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy of pulmonary lesions with fine needle aspiration (FNA) using non-coaxial technique. We analyzed 442 patients who underwent CT-guided lung biopsy with FNA and non-coaxial technique to determine the diagnostic outcomes, complication rates, and independent risk factors for diagnostic failure and pneumothorax. Diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 97.6%, 97.3%, and 100%, respectively. Age and >35 mm lesion size were significant risk factors for diagnostic failure. The rates of pneumothorax and chest tube placement were 19% and 2.9%, respectively. Middle and lower lobe location, lesion to pleura distance >7.5 mm, and >45° needle trajectory angle were significant risk factors for pneumothorax. CT-guided FNA of pulmonary lesions with non-coaxial technique is a safe and reliable method with a relatively low pneumothorax rate and an acceptably high diagnostic accuracy.

  1. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of metastatic malignant mesothelioma with myxoid change and signet ring cells: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Manisha M.; Farver, Carol F.; Chute, Deborah J.

    2016-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare neoplasm, which is most commonly encountered in cytology through effusion specimens. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of MM, particularly the epithelioid subtype, can be a source of diagnostic difficulty and may mimic sampling of an adenocarcinoma. This is the first case report to demonstrate abundant extracellular myxoid material and numerous intracellular vacuoles, including signet ring cells, in a fine needle aspirate of metastatic MM. A review of the literature for myxoid change and vacuoles in fine needle aspiration biopsies of MM discloses that vacuoles are found in up to 35% of aspirates of MM, but myxoid change is very rare, reported in <5% of the cases. Cytologists should be aware of this rare morphologic pattern of metastatic epithelioid MM. PMID:27014364

  2. The prognostic value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid gland - analysis of results of 1078 patients.

    PubMed

    Wojtczak, Beata; Sutkowski, Krzysztof; Bolanowski, Marek; Łukieńczuk, Tadeusz; Lipiński, Artur; Kaliszewski, Krzysztof; Głód, Mateusz; Domosławski, Paweł

    2012-01-01

    We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in the diagnosis of pathologic lesions. Data from 1 078 consecutive patients (female : male ratio, 9:1) who underwent thyroidectomy were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had preoperative thyroid FNAB. Unilateral and bilateral FNAB were performed in 872 and 206 patients, respectively, resulting in 1 284 cytologic aspirates, which were compared to postoperative histology. Risk factors for malignancy (age, sex, single nodule, or nodule in multinodular goiter) were evaluated. 203 (15.81%) aspirates were non-diagnostic. 768 (59.81%) were benign; 112 (8.72%) were atypical; 170 (13.24%) were follicular neoplasms, 5 (0.4%) had suspicion of malignancy; and 26 (2.02%) were malignant tumors on FNAB. The calculated risk of malignancy in each group was: 1.97%, 1.84%, 7.15%, 12.35%, 60%, and 100%. There were 2.02% false negative and 0.15% false positive results. Diagnostic discrepancies occurred in the follicular neoplasm group, of 86 biopsies (0.15%). FNAB is the primary method of preoperative diagnostics of thyroid tumors, as it allows many patients to avoid thyroidectomy. In addition, it helps the operating surgeon to decide the extent of surgical resection.

  3. Value of cytopathologist-performed ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration as a screening test for ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy in nonpalpable breast masses.

    PubMed

    Lieu, David

    2009-04-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of breast masses in the United States has been on the decline for the last decade and has been largely replaced by ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy (UG-CNB). Some studies show core-needle biopsy (CNB) is superior to FNA in terms of absolute sensitivity, specificity, and inadequate rate. However, the importance of a skilled aspirator, experienced cytopathologist, and immediate cytological evaluation (ICE) in FNA is often not considered. CNB is more expensive, invasive, risky, and painful than FNA. This prospective study examines the value of cytopathologist-performed ultrasound-guided FNA (UG-FNA) with ICE as a screening test for cytopathologist-performed UG-CNB on nonpalpable or difficult-to-palpate solid breast masses visible on ultrasound. One hundred twenty consecutive nonpalpable or difficult-to-palpate presumably solid breast masses in 109 female patients from January2, 2008 to June 30, 2008 underwent cytopathologist-performed UG-FNA with ICE. Twenty cases were converted to cytopathologist-performed UG-CNB because ICE was inadequate, hypocellular, atypical, suspicious, or malignant. Patients with clearly benign cytology did not undergo UG-CNB. UG-FNA with ICE reduced the percentage of patients undergoing UG-CNB by 87%. A new role for cytopathologist-performed UG-FNA of nonpalpable breast masses has been identified.

  4. [Evaluation of the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy, core-needle aspiration and fine-needle aspiration in micro-nodules of thyroid].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shaohang; Niu, Lijuan

    2014-11-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and the limitation of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy, ultrasound-guided core-needle aspiration and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in micro-nodules of thyroid. A retrospective was performed in 92 patients with suspectable malignent micro-nodules in thyroid. Of them, 52 patients underwent US-CNB and US-FNA and 40 patients underwent US-CNA and US-FNA. The diagnoses for the micro-nodules were identified by histopathlogical examination after surgery. Among 52 cases with both US-CNB and US-FNA, 41 got nondiagnostic US-CNB and 11 cases successfully got the correct diagnoses of US-CNB; 6 cases got the incorrect diagnosis of US-FNA and 46 cases got the correct diagnosis of US-FNA. Of 40 cases with US-CNA and US-FNA, unsatisfactory specimen of US-CNA occurred in 14 cases and satisfactory specimen of US-CNA were got in 26 cases; unsatisfactory specimen of US-FNA occurred in 4 cases and satisfactory specimen of US-FNA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of US-FNA in 92 cases for the diagnosis of malignancy were 93.4%, 86.7%, 97.3%, 72.2% and 92.3%, respectively. US-FNA is the most valuable method for the diagnosis of suspectable malignent micro-nodules in thyroid before operation.

  5. Establishing an accurate diagnosis of a parotid lump: evaluation of the current biopsy methods - fine needle aspiration cytology, ultrasound-guided core biopsy, and intraoperative frozen section.

    PubMed

    Howlett, D C; Skelton, E; Moody, A B

    2015-09-01

    The optimum technique for histological confirmation of the nature of a parotid mass remains controversial. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), which has traditionally been used, is associated with high non-diagnostic and false negative rates, and ultrasound (US)-guided core biopsy and frozen section have been explored as alternatives. US-guided core biopsy is more invasive than FNAC, but is safe, well-tolerated, and associated with improved diagnostic performance. Although frozen section offers better specificity than FNAC, it has a number of important drawbacks and cannot be considered as a primary diagnostic tool. US-guided core biopsy should be considered as the initial diagnostic technique of choice, and in units where the accuracy of FNAC is good it can be used when FNAC is equivocal or non-diagnostic. Copyright © 2015 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Core biopsy needle versus standard aspiration needle for endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of solid pancreatic masses: a randomized parallel-group study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yun Nah; Moon, Jong Ho; Kim, Hee Kyung; Choi, Hyun Jong; Choi, Moon Han; Kim, Dong Choon; Lee, Tae Hoon; Cha, Sang-Woo; Cho, Young Deok; Park, Sang-Heum

    2014-12-01

    An endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) device using a core biopsy needle was developed to improve diagnostic accuracy by simultaneously obtaining cytological aspirates and histological core samples. We prospectively compared the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNB with standard EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in patients with solid pancreatic masses. Between January 2012 and May 2013, consecutive patients with solid pancreatic masses were prospectively enrolled and randomized to undergo EUS-FNB using a core biopsy needle or EUS-FNA using a standard aspiration needle at a single tertiary center. The specimen was analyzed by onsite cytology, Papanicolaou-stain cytology, and histology. The main outcome measure was diagnostic accuracy for malignancy. The secondary outcome measures were: the median number of passes required to establish a diagnosis, the proportion of patients in whom the diagnosis was established with each pass, and complication rates. The overall accuracy of combining onsite cytology with Papanicolaou-stain cytology and histology was not significantly different for the FNB (n = 58) and FNA (n = 58) groups (98.3 % [95 %CI 94.9 % - 100 %] vs. 94.8 % [95 %CI 91.9 % - 100 %]; P = 0.671). Compared with FNA, FNB required a significantly lower median number of needle passes to establish a diagnosis (1.0 vs. 2.0; P < 0.001). On subgroup analysis of 111 patients with malignant lesions, the proportion of patients in whom malignancy was diagnosed on the first pass was significantly greater in the FNB group (72.7 % vs. 37.5 %; P < 0.001). The overall accuracy of FNB and FNA in patients with solid pancreatic masses was comparable; however, fewer passes were required to establish the diagnosis of malignancy using FNB.This study was registered on the UMIN Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN000014057). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Assessment of Factors Affecting the Usefulness and Diagnostic Yield of Core Biopsy Needles with a Side Hole in Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Inoue, Tadahisa; Okumura, Fumihiro; Mizushima, Takashi; Nishie, Hirotada; Iwasaki, Hiroyasu; Anbe, Kaiki; Ozeki, Takanori; Kachi, Kenta; Fukusada, Shigeki; Suzuki, Yuta; Sano, Hitoshi

    2016-01-01

    Background/Aims A barbed puncture needle with a side hole was recently developed to improve sample quality and quantity in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). In this study, we retrospectively assessed the usefulness of this puncture needle. Methods Factors affecting diagnostic yield, safety, and diagnostic accuracy were investigated in 76 patients who consecutively underwent EUS-FNA for neoplastic lesions at our hospital between January and December 2013. Results The procedure was successful in all cases; the rates of sample collection and determination of the correct diagnosis were 92.1% and 89.5%, respectively. The mean number of needle passes required for diagnosis was 1.1. Complications included mild intraluminal bleeding in two patients (2.6%). Multivariate analysis revealed that lesion size (≤20 mm) was significantly associated with a decreased chance of determining the correct diagnosis. Conclusions Core biopsy needles with a side hole are safe and provide a satisfactory diagnostic yield. However, the side hole may potentially reduce the rate of making the correct diagnosis in small lesions. PMID:25963081

  8. Assessment of Factors Affecting the Usefulness and Diagnostic Yield of Core Biopsy Needles with a Side Hole in Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Tadahisa; Okumura, Fumihiro; Mizushima, Takashi; Nishie, Hirotada; Iwasaki, Hiroyasu; Anbe, Kaiki; Ozeki, Takanori; Kachi, Kenta; Fukusada, Shigeki; Suzuki, Yuta; Sano, Hitoshi

    2016-01-01

    A barbed puncture needle with a side hole was recently developed to improve sample quality and quantity in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). In this study, we retrospectively assessed the usefulness of this puncture needle. Factors affecting diagnostic yield, safety, and diagnostic accuracy were investigated in 76 patients who consecutively underwent EUS-FNA for neoplastic lesions at our hospital between January and December 2013. The procedure was successful in all cases; the rates of sample collection and determination of the correct diagnosis were 92.1% and 89.5%, respectively. The mean number of needle passes required for diagnosis was 1.1. Complications included mild intraluminal bleeding in two patients (2.6%). Multivariate analysis revealed that lesion size (≤20 mm) was significantly associated with a decreased chance of determining the correct diagnosis. Core biopsy needles with a side hole are safe and provide a satisfactory diagnostic yield. However, the side hole may potentially reduce the rate of making the correct diagnosis in small lesions.

  9. Pediatric medullary carcinoma of the thyroid with point mutation of RET proto-oncogene associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia and initially diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Chai, Chiling; Lemos, Luciano B; Kaelbling, Margot; Baliga, Mithra

    2003-03-01

    A 7-year-old girl presented with a thyroid mass, elevated serum levels of calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen, as well as multiple mucosal nodules in the upper lip and tongue. Cytologic material obtained by fine-needle aspiration biopsy from the thyroid mass was diagnosed as medullary carcinoma and confirmed by immunohistochemical studies in the cell-block sections. Subsequent histopathologic examination showed involvement of both thyroid lobes by medullary carcinoma, and electron microscopic studies further confirmed the diagnosis. Molecular studies showed a point mutation in amino acid 918 in exon 16 of the RET proto-oncogene. Biopsies from the upper lip and tongue showed mucosal neuromas. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is frequently used in the initial evaluation of thyroid nodules. This case illustrates the value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy as a safe and accurate diagnostic modality in the workup of pediatric thyroid nodules. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy should always be considered for the investigation of thyroid nodules in pediatric patients.

  10. Fine-needle aspiration cytology, frozen section, and open biopsy: relative significance in diagnosis of musculoskeletal tumors.

    PubMed

    Shah, Maninder Singh; Garg, Vishal; Kapoor, Sudhir K; Dhaon, B K; Gondal, Ranjana

    2003-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a minimally invasive technique used extensively in diagnosis of various tumors. Frozen section biopsy is known for its usefulness in assessing adequacy of margins of resection intraoperatively. This study assesses the usefulness and significance of these procedures in tumors of musculoskeletal origin. This study includes 91 patients and all the patients were subjected to a preoperative FNAC test on an outpatient basis. An open biopsy was done in every case under appropriate anesthesia and representative tumor tissue was sent for frozen section analysis. Out of 91 patients, FNAC was feasible in 78 patients. Out of the 78 patients aspirated, a type-specific diagnosis was made in 79.5% of cases (62 out of 78). Frozen section was possible in 85 cases. The percentage of specific diagnosis by frozen section in this study is 85.9% (73 out of 85) and overall diagnostic accuracy of 96.5% (82 out of 85). FNAC and frozen section are reliable diagnostic modalities, in the presence of clinico-radiological correlation, in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal tumors.

  11. Usefulness of S100P in diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of pancreas on fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens.

    PubMed

    Deng, Hongbing; Shi, Jianhui; Wilkerson, Myra; Meschter, Steven; Dupree, William; Lin, Fan

    2008-01-01

    Even though the cytologic criteria for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) specimens have been well defined, a diagnostic challenge is still present. We immunohistochemically evaluated the diagnostic value of S100P on cell-block and/or smear preparations in 58 cases of FNAB specimens of the pancreas. The 58 cases were divided into 4 groups: 1, 32 cases of PDA; 2, 6 cases with an atypical or "suspicious" diagnosis; 3, 14 cases of benign or reactive ductal epithelium; and 4, 6 cases of endocrine tumor. Positive immunoreactivity for S100P was observed in all cases in groups 1 and 2, whereas only 1 of 14 cases in group 3 was positive for S100P. All cases in group 4 were negative for S100P. S100P is a sensitive and specific marker for the detection of PDA on FNAB specimens on cell-block and smear preparations.

  12. Evaluation of diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound scoring system to select thyroid nodules requiring fine needle aspiration biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadi, Afshin; Hajizadeh, Tohid

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The large number of patients that require fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to discriminate malignant from benign thyroid nodules is a practical problem especially in iodine deficient area. To obtain an ultrasound (US) score and for predicting malignant nodules and reduce the number of unnecessary and expensive FNAB. Materials and Methods: A total of 280 thyroid nodules observed from August 2009 to August 2011 that had underwent FNAB were evaluated by US for echogenicity, peripheral halo, microcalcifications and intranodular vascularity. Results: showed that nodules with two ultrasonographic features (US score = 4) were characterized by a 67.9% sensitivity and a 87% specificity for prediction of malignant thyroid nodules. Conclusion: According to our data, we suggest FNAB for nodules with US score ≥ 4. The practical use of this US score may help reduce unnecessary and expensive FNAB especially in iodine-deficient areas. PMID:24040471

  13. Accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy of thyroid nodules in detecting malignancy in childhood: comparison with conventional clinical, laboratory, and imaging approaches.

    PubMed

    Corrias, A; Einaudi, S; Chiorboli, E; Weber, G; Crinò, A; Andreo, M; Cesaretti, G; de Sanctis, L; Messina, M F; Segni, M; Cicchetti, M; Vigone, M; Pasquino, A M; Spera, S; de Luca, F; Mussa, G C; Bona, G

    2001-10-01

    In childhood the traditional diagnostic approach to thyroid nodules consists of clinical, laboratory, and imaging evaluations. A safe and accurate procedure is needed to promptly identify patients who require surgery. In regard to the usefulness of fine needle aspiration biopsy, the data in the literature concerning children and adolescents are scanty. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracies of clinical, laboratory, and imaging data collected retrospectively in a group of pediatric patients with thyroid nodules submitted to fine needle aspiration biopsy. Forty-two patients who underwent surgery for thyroid nodules, recruited in 9 Italian pediatric endocrine units, were retrospectively studied. According to histological diagnosis, they were divided into 2 groups, 22 patients with benign lesions and 20 patients with malignant lesions. From clinical records we obtained data about 1) symptoms of neck compression; 2) cervical adenopathy; 3) thyroid function, calcitonin level, and antithyroid antibody titers; 4) ultrasonography; 5) (99m)Tc scintiscanning; and 6) cytology obtained with fine needle aspiration biopsy. Patients and nodule characteristics were analyzed statistically for associations with the presence of thyroid cancer. Among clinical findings, only adenopathy was significantly higher in the group with cancer (8 of 22 benign lesions vs. 16 of 20 malignant lesions; P = 0.006). Thyroid function and antibody titers were similar in the 2 groups, whereas the serum calcitonin level was elevated only in 1 patient with malignant lesions. Among ultrasonography findings, no significant statistical difference was found between the 2 groups with regard to number, dimensions, growth progression, or hypoechogenic pattern of the nodules. Regarding scintigraphic findings, no significant difference was found between the 2 groups. However, a positive correlation (r = 0.90; P < 0.0001) was found between fine needle aspiration biopsy

  14. Cost impact of molecular testing for indeterminate thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration biopsies.

    PubMed

    Yip, Linwah; Farris, Coreen; Kabaker, Adam S; Hodak, Steven P; Nikiforova, Marina N; McCoy, Kelly L; Stang, Michael T; Smith, Kenneth J; Nikiforov, Yuri E; Carty, Sally E

    2012-06-01

    Molecular testing of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) results helps diagnose thyroid cancer, although the additional cost of this adjunct has not been studied. We hypothesized that FNA molecular testing of two indeterminate categories (follicular lesion of undetermined significance and follicular/Hürthle cell neoplasm) can be cost saving. For a hypothetical group of euthyroid patients with a 1-cm or larger solitary thyroid nodule, a decision-tree model was constructed to compare the estimated costs of initial evaluation according to the current American Thyroid Association guidelines, either with molecular testing (MT) or without [standard of care (StC)]. Model endpoints were either benign FNA results or definitive histological diagnosis. Molecular testing added $104 per patient to the overall cost of nodule evaluation (StC $578 vs. MT $682). In this distributed cost model, MT was associated with a decrease in the number of diagnostic lobectomies (9.7% vs. StC 11.6%), whereas initial total thyroidectomy was more frequent (18.2% vs. StC 16.1%). Although MT use added a diagnostic cost of $5031 to each additional indicated total thyroidectomy ($11,383), the cumulative cost was still less than the comparable cost of performing lobectomy ($7684) followed by completion thyroidectomy ($11,954) in the StC pathway, when indicated by histological results. In sensitivity analysis, savings were demonstrated if molecular testing cost was less than $870. Molecular testing of cytologically indeterminate FNA results is cost saving predominantly because of reduction in two-stage thyroidectomy. Appropriate use of emerging molecular testing techniques may thus help optimize patient care, improve resource use, and avoid unnecessary operation.

  15. What is the added value of combined core biopsy and fine needle aspiration in the diagnostic process of renal tumours?

    PubMed

    Barwari, K; Kummerlin, I P; ten Kate, F J; Algaba, F; Trias, I; Wijkstra, H; De la Rosette, J J; Laguna, P

    2013-08-01

    Non-diagnostic results still hinder the routine use of core biopsy (CB) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnostic process of renal tumours. Furthermore, substantial interobserver variability has been reported. We assessed the added value of combining the results of CB and FNA by five pathologists in the ex vivo diagnosis of renal mass. Two ex vivo core biopsies were taken followed by two FNA passes from extirpated tumours. All samples were evaluated by five blinded pathologists. A consensus diagnosis of the surgical specimen was the index for comparison. For each pathologist, the number of non-diagnostic (non-conclusive or undetermined biology and failed biopsies), correct and incorrect scored cases of each technique was assessed. When a non-diagnostic CB or FNA had a correct diagnostic counterpart, this was considered as of added value. Of the 57 assessed tumours, 53 were malignant. CB was non-diagnostic in 4-10 cases (7-17.5%). FNA established the correct diagnosis in 1-7 of these cases. FNA was non-diagnostic in 2-6 cases (3.5-10.5%), and the counterpart CB established the correct diagnosis in 1-6 of these cases. For the 5 pathologists, accuracy of CB and FNA varied between 82.5-93% and 89.5-96.5%, respectively. Combination of both types of biopsy resulted in 55-57 correct results (accuracy 96.5-100%), i.e., an increase in accuracy of 3.5-14%. Combining the result of CB and FNA in renal mass biopsy leads to a higher diagnostic accuracy. Recommendations on which technique used should be adapted to local expertise and logistic possibilities.

  16. Core-needle biopsy under CT fluoroscopy guidance and fine-needle aspiration cytology: Comparison of diagnostic yield in the diagnosis of lung and mediastinum tumors. Analysis of frequency and types of complications.

    PubMed

    Szlęzak, Przemysław; Srutek, Ewa; Gorycki, Tomasz; Kowalewski, Janusz; Studniarek, Michał

    2014-01-01

    Patients with pathological tissue mass in thoracic cage found with imaging require histopathological or cytological confirmation of malignancy before treatment. The tissue material essential for patomorphological evaluation can be acquired with fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) controlled with CT and core-needle biopsy (CNB) under real-time CT fluoroscopy guidance. The purpose of this work is to carry out a retrospective analysis of the two methods with regards to their informativity, frequency and the kind of complications. From January, 2012 to May 2013, 76 core-needle biopsies of lung and mediastinum tumors were conducted and compared with 86 fine-needle aspiration biopsies(FNAB) of lung and mediastinum tumors, including 30 patients who underwent FNAB and were referred to CNB in order to specify the diagnosis. Complete histopathological diagnosis was made in 91% with the use of CNB and in 37% when FNAB was the chosen method. Early complications were observed in 32% patients who underwent BG and in group of 11% who underwent FNAB. Late complications, however, appeared in 29% patients after CNB and 13% after FNAB. In 24 cases CNB specified the complete diagnosis. Core-needle biopsy in comparison to fine-needle aspiration biopsy has more frequent rate of negligible complications, however, it offers higher diagnostic yield for diagnostic of lung and mediastinum neoplastic disease and allows for more precise diagnosis of focal lesions.

  17. [Thin-needle aspiration biopsy in thoracic lesions. Analysis of 60 cases in a General Zone Hospital].

    PubMed

    Hernández, M; Téllez-Reynoso, F; Ramos-Martínez, E

    1999-01-01

    The intention of the study was to confirm the usefulness of the transthoracic fine needle biopsy aspiration (FNBA) procedure, in a second level hospital that did not have technologically advanced equipment to locate thoracic diseases, such as computerized tomography, fluoroscopy or ultrasonography. Employing a vertical and horizontal coordinate design and posteroanterior as well as lateral radiological studies, specimens were taken from 77 patients. Of this total only 60 (77.9%) were in proper conditions to be examined; in seven (11.6%) patients a second aspiration was required. Of the total suitable specimens, malignant neoplasms were found in 46 (76.7%), and inflammatory diseases were detected in 14 (23.3%). The most frequent diagnoses were squamous cell carcinoma in 20 (33.3%), undifferentiated carcinoma in seven (11.6%), and bronchoalveolar carcinoma in another seven (11.6%). In 12 patients, it was possible to obtain tissue samples and in two patients, autopsy was performed; in all of them, the FNBA diagnoses were confirmed. Four (6.6%) patients suffered complications like pneumothorax, three were cured spontaneously, and one was treated with tube drainage. FNBA demonstrated its usefulness in a hospital with limited technological resources; 77.9% of the patients were property diagnosed with reduced cost, minimal morbidity, and without mortality.

  18. Evanescent Hyperechoic Changes After Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid in a Series With a Low Overall Prevalence of Complications.

    PubMed

    Uchida, Toyoyoshi; Himuro, Miwa; Komiya, Koji; Goto, Hiromasa; Takeno, Kageumi; Honda, Akira; Sato, Junko; Kawano, Yui; Suzuki, Ruriko; Watada, Hirotaka

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of and risk factors for fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)-related complications in Japanese patients with thyroid nodules evaluated by standard FNAB techniques. Six hundred fifty-three consecutive Japanese patients with 742 nodules who had undergone FNAB were enrolled. Nodule characteristics were evaluated, and thyroid volumes were measured. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy-related complications were identified on the basis of sonographic findings and patients' conditions after undergoing FNAB. Comparisons of patients' backgrounds and nodule characteristics were made between those with and without complications. The prevalence rates for FNAB-related complications, including acute transient thyroid swelling after FNAB and appearance of anechoic lesions, were 0.13% and 0.94%. In this study, we could not identify risk factors for FNAB-related complications. The sudden appearance of bright hyperechoic foci within the thyroid immediately after biopsy was reported as an FNAB-related unfamiliar appearance in 5 cases. Experimental FNA using resected porcine thyroid tissue suggested that the etiology of the hyperechoic appearance may be artificial air bubbles or reversed flow of aspirated fluid. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy-related complications are rare if preventive measures are performed and are not specific to Japanese patients with thyroid nodules. The sudden appearance of bright hyperechoic foci may be cause by contamination from air or fluid. © 2016 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  19. Eosinophilic esophageal myositis diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Igarashi, Ryo; Irisawa, Atsushi; Shibukawa, Goro; Yamabe, Akane; Fujisawa, Mariko; Sato, Ai; Maki, Takumi; Arakawa, Noriyuki; Yoshida, Yoshitsugu; Yamamoto, Shogo; Ikeda, Tsunehiko

    2016-10-01

    Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is diagnosed by microscopic findings of eosinophilic infiltration into the squamous epithelium. In contrast, another disease concept termed "eosinophilic esophageal myositis (EoEM)" has been proposed, whereby there is eosinophilic infiltration into the muscularis propria instead. A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital for chest pain, dysphagia, and several episodes of esophageal food impaction. Although EoE was suspected based on clinical features, biopsy specimens showed no mucosal eosinophilic infiltration. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) showed thickening of the muscularis propria layer and subsequent EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) revealed eosinophilic infiltration into the muscularis propria. Although the patient's symptoms gradually improved after steroid administration, complete remission was not achieved after 1 year of treatment. This case may reflect a disorder distinct from typical EoE based on eosinophilic infiltration of the muscularis propria but not the squamous epithelium, and we, therefore, diagnosed it as EoEM using the EUS-FNA findings as reference.

  20. Diagnostic accuracy and safety of CT-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of pulmonary lesions with non-coaxial technique: a single center experience with 442 biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Uzun, Çağlar; Akkaya, Zehra; Atman, Ebru Düşünceli; Üstüner, Evren; Peker, Elif; Gülpınar, Başak; Elhan, Atilla Halil; Ceyhan, Koray; Atasoy, Kayhan Çetin

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy of pulmonary lesions with fine needle aspiration (FNA) using non-coaxial technique. METHODS We analyzed 442 patients who underwent CT-guided lung biopsy with FNA and non-coaxial technique to determine the diagnostic outcomes, complication rates, and independent risk factors for diagnostic failure and pneumothorax. RESULTS Diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 97.6%, 97.3%, and 100%, respectively. Age and >35 mm lesion size were significant risk factors for diagnostic failure. The rates of pneumothorax and chest tube placement were 19% and 2.9%, respectively. Middle and lower lobe location, lesion to pleura distance >7.5 mm, and >45° needle trajectory angle were significant risk factors for pneumothorax. CONCLUSION CT-guided FNA of pulmonary lesions with non-coaxial technique is a safe and reliable method with a relatively low pneumothorax rate and an acceptably high diagnostic accuracy. PMID:28029638

  1. Malignancy rate associated with Bethesda category III (AUS/FLUS) with and without repeat fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Kuru, Bekir; Atmaca, Aysegul; Kefeli, Mehmet

    2016-05-01

    Selection of nodules for surgery diagnosed as Bethesda category III [atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) category] is important. It was aimed to define the malignancy rates associated with and without repeat fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and to define the contribution of repeat FNAB to triage to surgery or observation in nodules with AUS/FLUS FNAB. The records of all patients with nodules who underwent FNAB and classified by Bethesda reporting system as AUS/FLUS at their institution were reviewed. Malignancy rates for patients with AUS/FLUS FNAB with and without repeat FNAB were calculated. Of the 582 patients who were classified as AUS/FLUS on initial FNAB, 179 underwent surgery with an associated malignancy rate of 22.9% (upper boundary). Risk of malignancy among all patients with AUS/FLUS nodules was 7% (lower boundary). The upper and lower boundaries of the malignancy rates with and without repeat FNAB were 38.6% and 15.6% for resected patients, and 13% and 4.6% for all patients, respectively. Reclassification rate with repeat FNAB was 56%. The findings showed that repeat FNAB for initial AUS/FLUS category was associated with a significantly increased malignancy rate compared with those without repeat FNAB. Repeat FNAB could help selection of patients with AUS/FLUS to triage to surgery. Therefore, repeat FNAB for nodules with AUS/FLUS on initial FNAB was suggested. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Comparison of fine needle aspiration biopsy and paraffin embedded tissue sections for measuring AgNOR proteins.

    PubMed

    Tasdemir, S; Eroz, R; Cucer, N; Oktay, M; Türkeli, M

    2015-07-01

    Paraffin embedded tissue sections and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) are important methods for diagnosis. We compared thyroid tissue obtained by FNAB to paraffin embedded sections to determine whether there were differences in detection of the amounts of argyrophilic nucleolar organizing region (AgNOR) proteins. Twenty-two patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were included in the study. Slides were prepared with both FNAB tissue and 3 μm sections of paraffin embedded tissue, and stained for AgNOR. One hundred nuclei per individual were evaluated; total AgNOR number/nucleus (TAn/TNn) and total AgNOR area/nuclear area (TAa/TNa) of individual cells were determined. Mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values were 4.800 ± 1.118 and 13.382 ± 2.612, respectively, for FNAB samples; corresponding values were 2.406 ± 0.649 and 8.49 ± 0.893, respectively, for paraffin embedded sections. The differences between FNAB materials and paraffin embedded tissue sections were significant for the mean TAn/TNn and TAa/TNa values. Significant differences in the amounts of AgNOR protein detected were found between FNAB and paraffin embedded tissue sections.

  3. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of breast adenomyoepithelioma: a potential false positive pitfall and presence of intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions.

    PubMed

    Saad, Reda S; Richmond, Lara; Nofech-Mozes, Sharon; Ghorab, Zeina

    2012-11-01

    Cytologic diagnosis of adenomyoepithelioma can be very challenging. We report fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) findings of a benign adenomyoepithelioma. The cytologic features are characterized by hypercellularity and the presence of numerous atypical dispersed cells with epithelioid morphology and intact cytoplasm. The nuclei showed stippled chromatin, irregular nuclear membrane, and prominent eosinophilic nucleoli. No necrosis or mitoses were seen. The presence of naked nuclei, and extensive intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions were identified and raised the possibility of adenomyoepithelioma. Immunohistochemically, the atypical cells showed strong positivity for myosin heavy chain, p63, and CK5/6, while the epithelial cells reacted with estrogen receptors. This immunophenotypic pattern supports the myoepithelial origin of the atypical cell proliferation and favors the diagnosis of benign adenomyoepithelioma. However, biopsy was recommended to exclude malignancy. Histologically, the tumor showed prominent myoepithelial cells with significant atypia, intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions, and dense cytoplasm. No evidence of malignancy was identified. In conclusion, we report a case of adenomyoepithelioma with a significant cytological atypia that may result in confusion with malignant breast tumors. The presence of intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions, naked nuclei, and expression of myoepithelial markers should provide clues to the right diagnosis and benign nature of this lesion. Cytopathologists should be familiarized with this entity to avoid a misdiagnosis of carcinoma.

  4. BRAF mutation analysis of fine-needle aspiration biopsies of papillary thyroid carcinoma: impact on diagnosis and prognosis.

    PubMed

    Colanta, Agnes; Lin, Oscar; Tafe, Laura; Ghossein, Ronald; Nafa, Khedoudja; Mitchell, Talia; Ladanyi, Marc; Arcila, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The BRAF V600E mutation has been associated with aggressive disease in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Molecular testing has been proposed as a useful adjunct to cytology in the diagnosis of malignancy and for tailoring clinical management. The aims of our study were to evaluate the BRAF mutational status using archived fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) material from patients with long-term follow-up and to correlate it with the original cytology diagnosis, clinicopathological stage at surgery, and prognosis. FNAB material from 52 cases of PTC, with a mean follow-up of 8.4 years, was used in this study. DNA was extracted from archival cytology slides. Mutation analysis was performed by standard sequencing and locked nucleic acid-PCR/sequencing. The BRAF V600E mutation was present in 46% of cases, but it was absent in all FNABs diagnosed originally as atypical and in 14 of 17 suspicious cases. Recurrence was significantly more frequent (p = 0.006) in cases with BRAF mutations and 54% of these cases presented with stage 2 or higher. The BRAF V600E mutation is associated with a higher pathological stage at surgery and a higher rate of recurrence. BRAF mutation analysis did not provide a significant increase in the accuracy of thyroid FNABs diagnosed as suspicious or atypical in our institution. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  5. Computed tomography-guided fine-needle aspirate and tissue-core biopsy of intrathoracic lesions in thirty dogs and cats.

    PubMed

    Zekas, Lisa J; Crawford, Jason T; O'Brien, Robert T

    2005-01-01

    Medical records and computed tomography (CT) images were reviewed retrospectively for 30 animals (27 dogs, two cats, one cougar) in which CT-guided intrathoracic fine-needle aspirates (FNA) (12), core biopsies (10) or both (8) were performed. Sample interpretation was listed as diagnostic or nondiagnostic and nonneoplasia or neoplasia. Diagnostic results were inconclusive in 35% FNA and 17% biopsies. FNA and biopsy interpretations were in agreement in seven patients, one nonneoplasia, and six neoplasia. A clinical diagnosis was made in 65% FNA and 83% biopsies. When 18 patients with confirmed diagnoses were used, overall accuracy for diagnosis was 92% for FNA and biopsy and the sensitivity for neoplasia was 91% using fine needle aspirate and 80% using biopsy. Complications seen on CT images were noted in 43% of patients, four pneumothorax, five pulmonary hemorrhage, and four with both. No clinical manifestations were noted and treatment was not necessary. Significant correlation was noted between complications and penetration of aerated lung, but not with lesion location, type of disease, method of sampling, width of mass and depth of aerated lung penetrated. CT-guided sampling is relatively safe and useful in the diagnosis of intra-thoracic lesions, especially neoplasia. FNA samples are nondiagnostic more often than biopsy samples. Sub-clinical pneumothorax and hemorrhage are common when aerated lung is penetrated.

  6. Diagnostic value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy for breast mass: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the breast is a minimally invasive yet maximally diagnostic method. However, the clinical use of FNAB has been questioned. The purpose of our study was to establish the overall value of FNAC in the diagnosis of breast lesions. Methods After a review and quality assessment of 46 studies, sensitivity, specificity and other measures of accuracy of FNAB for evaluating breast lesions were pooled using random-effects models. Summary receiver operating characteristic curves were used to summarize overall accuracy. The sensitivity and specificity for the studies data (included unsatisfactory samples) and underestimation rate of unsatisfactory samples were also calculated. Results The summary estimates for FNAB in diagnosis of breast carcinoma were as follows (unsatisfactory samples was temporarily exluded): sensitivity, 0.927 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.921 to 0.933); specificity, 0.948 (95% CI, 0.943 to 0.952); positive likelihood ratio, 25.72 (95% CI, 17.35 to 28.13); negative likelihood ratio, 0.08 (95% CI, 0.06 to 0.11); diagnostic odds ratio, 429.73 (95% CI, 241.75 to 763.87); The pooled sensitivity and specificity for 11 studies, which reported unsatisfactory samples (unsatisfactory samples was considered to be positive in this classification) were 0.920 (95% CI, 0.906 to 0.933) and 0.768 (95% CI, 0.751 to 0.784) respectively. The pooled proportion of unsatisfactory samples that were subsequently upgraded to various grade cancers was 27.5% (95% CI, 0.221 to 0.296). Conclusions FNAB is an accurate biopsy for evaluating breast malignancy if rigorous criteria are used. With regard to unsatisfactory samples, futher invasive procedures are required in order to minimize the chance of a missed diagnosis of breast cancer. PMID:22277164

  7. Endobronchial ultrasonography-guided transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy for preoperative nodal staging of lung cancer in a veteran population.

    PubMed

    Cornwell, Lorraine D; Bakaeen, Faisal G; Lan, Charlie K W; Omer, Shuab; Preventza, Ourania; Pickrell, Brent; Nguyen, Alex; Casal, Roberto F

    2013-11-01

    Recently, preoperative lung cancer staging has evolved to include endobronchial ultrasonography-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) biopsies of the hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes, but the feasibility and usefulness of the procedure have not been well studied in the veteran population. To determine the safety and effectiveness of EBUS-TBNA as a key component of a preoperative staging algorithm for lung cancer in veterans. Review of a prospectively maintained thoracic surgery database that includes patients who underwent lung resection for lung cancer between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2012, at a single Veterans Affairs medical center among a consecutive cohort of 166 patients with clinically early-stage (I or II) lung cancer who underwent lobectomy with nodal dissection. Endobronchial ultrasonography-guided transbronchial needle aspiration mediastinal staging (EBUS group) in 62 patients (37.3%) was compared with noninvasive nodal staging plus integrated positron emission tomography-computed tomography only (PET/CT-only group) in 104 patients (62.7%). The accuracy of nodal staging was assessed by comparison with the final pathological staging after complete nodal dissection (the gold standard). Primary outcomes were feasibility, safety, accuracy, and negative predictive value of EBUS-TBNA for preoperative nodal staging. A secondary outcome was the rate of nontherapeutic lung resection for occult N2 disease, with comparison between the EBUS group and the PET/CT-only group. No significant complications were attributable to the EBUS-TBNA procedure. In the EBUS group, 258 lymph node stations were sampled. N1 hilar metastases were diagnosed in 8 patients (12.9%) before surgery, and the remainder were staged N0. Accuracy and negative predictive value of EBUS-TBNA were 93.5% (58 of 62) and 92.6% (50 of 54), respectively. The overall rate of nontherapeutic lung resection performed in patients with occult N2 disease was 10.8% (18 of 166) (8.1% in the

  8. Histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors: A pilot study of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy vs mucosal cutting biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Ikehara, Hisatomo; Li, Zhaoliang; Watari, Jiro; Taki, Masato; Ogawa, Tomohiro; Yamasaki, Takahisa; Kondo, Takashi; Toyoshima, Fumihiko; Kono, Tomoaki; Tozawa, Katsuyuki; Ohda, Yoshio; Tomita, Toshihiko; Oshima, Tadayuki; Fukui, Hirokazu; Matsuda, Ikuo; Hirota, Seiichi; Miwa, Hiroto

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To compare the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) without cytology and mucosal cutting biopsy (MCB) in the histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumor (SMT). METHODS: We prospectively compared the diagnostic yield, feasibility, and safety of EUS-FNAB and those of MCB based on endoscopic submucosal dissection. The cases of 20 consecutive patients with gastric SMT ≥ 1 cm in diameter. who underwent both EUS-FNAB and MCB were investigated. RESULTS: The histological diagnoses were gastrointestinal stromal tumors (n = 7), leiomyoma (n = 6), schwannoma (n = 2), aberrant pancreas (n = 2), and one case each of glomus tumor, metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, and no-diagnosis. The tumors’ mean size was 23.6 mm. Histological diagnosis was made in 65.0% of the EUS-FNABs and 60.0% of the MCBs, a nonsignificant difference. There were no significant differences in the diagnostic yield concerning the tumor location or tumor size between the two methods. However, diagnostic specimens were significantly more frequently obtained in lesions with intraluminal growth than in those with extraluminal growth by the MCB method (P = 0.01). All four SMTs with extraluminal growth were diagnosed only by EUS-FNAB (P = 0.03). No complications were found in either method. CONCLUSION: MCB may be chosen as an alternative diagnostic modality in tumors showing the intraluminal growth pattern regardless of tumor size, whereas EUS-FNAB should be performed for SMTs with extraluminal growth. PMID:26468338

  9. Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow

    MedlinePlus

    ... 1- to 2-Year-Old Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow KidsHealth > For Parents > Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow Print A A A What's in this article? ... Aspiraciones y biopsias: médula ósea What It Is Bone marrow aspirations and biopsies are performed to examine bone ...

  10. Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow

    MedlinePlus

    ... Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow KidsHealth > For Parents > Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow A A A What's in this ... ósea What It Is Bone marrow aspirations and biopsies are performed to examine bone marrow, the spongy ...

  11. Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow

    MedlinePlus

    ... A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow KidsHealth > For Teens > Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone Marrow A A A What's in this ... Questions What It Is Bone marrow aspirations and biopsies are performed to examine bone marrow, the spongy ...

  12. Fine needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed Central

    Lever, J V; Trott, P A; Webb, A J

    1985-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology is an inexpensive, atraumatic technique for the diagnosis of disease sites. This paper describes the technique and illustrates how it may be applied to the management of tumours throughout the body. The limitations of the method, the dangers of false positive reports, and the inevitability of false negative diagnoses are emphasised. In a clinical context the method has much to offer by saving patients from inappropriate operations and investigations and allowing surgeons to plan quickly and more rationally. It is an economically valuable technique and deserves greater recognition. Images PMID:2578481

  13. Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy for thyroid malignancy: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Singh Ospina, Naykky; Brito, Juan P; Maraka, Spyridoula; Espinosa de Ycaza, Ana E; Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Rene; Gionfriddo, Michael R; Castaneda-Guarderas, Ana; Benkhadra, Khalid; Al Nofal, Alaa; Erwin, Patricia; Morris, John C; Castro, M Regina; Montori, Victor M

    2016-09-01

    To systematically appraise and summarize the available evidence about the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (USFNA) for thyroid malignancy, and to explore the integration of these estimates with the probability of thyroid malignancy before USFNA. A comprehensive search of multiple databases from each database's inception to August 2014 was performed. Eligible studies included those that evaluated patients with thyroid nodules who underwent USFNA and subsequent evaluation by histopathology or long-term follow-up. We identified 32 studies at moderate risk of bias evaluating the USFNA diagnostic characteristics for the diagnosis of thyroid malignancy. Results were imprecise and inconsistent across trials. The pooled likelihood ratio (LR) of thyroid malignancy for a benign USFNA result was 0.09 (95 % CI 0.06, 0.14; I (2) = 33 %), whereas the pooled LR for a malignant result was 197 (95 % CI, 68, 569; I (2) = 77 %). In the case of a suspicious for follicular neoplasm result, the pooled LR for malignancy was 0.6 (95 % CI, 0.4, 1.0; I (2) = 84 %) and 8.3 (95 % CI, 3.6, 19.2; I (2) = 89) for a result of suspicious for malignancy. The available evidence regarding the diagnostic accuracy of USFNA warrants only limited confidence due to risk of bias, imprecision, and inconsistency. However, some USFNA results (benign, malignant) are likely very helpful, by significantly changing the pre-test probability of thyroid cancer.

  14. Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration Increases the Yield of Transbronchial Lung Biopsy for the Evaluation of Peribronchial Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Cheng; Mu, Chuan-Yong; Su, Mei-Qin; Mao, Jing-Yu; Zhu, Ye-Han; Huang, Jian-An

    2017-01-01

    Background: Due to absence of visible endobronchial target, the diagnostic yield of flexible bronchoscopy for peribronchial lesions has been unsatisfactory. Convex probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) has allowed for performing real-time transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) of enlarged hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes and therefore could also be used as a means of diagnosing proximal peribronchial lesions. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the results related to 72 patients who underwent CP-EBUS for peribronchial lesions without endobronchial involvement and adjacent to three-grade bronchi based on chest computed tomography (CT) scan. We recorded the images during EBUS as well as the diagnostic results of TBNA and conventional-transbronchial lung biopsy/brush (C-TBLB/b), and final diagnoses were based on pathologic analysis and follow-up. Results: In all cases, the mass was able to be identified using EBUS in 97.2% patients (70/72) who were performed with EBUS-TBNA + C-TBLB/b. Sixty-six patients had a final diagnosis, 80.0% patients (56/70) had malignancies, and 14.3% patients (10/70) had benign disease. In malignancies, the diagnostic yield of C-TBLB/b was 57.1% (32/56) and in EBUS-TBNA was 85.7% (48/56), whereas pathologic diagnosis reached 94.6% when EBUS-TBNA was combined with C-TBLB/b. C-TBLB/b + EBUS-TBNA also exhibited stronger potency of histolytic diagnosis for malignancies than either EBUS-TBNA or C-TBLB/b alone. Furthermore, there are data supporting the value of EBUS-TBNA for the diagnosis of benign lung disease. Conclusion: The combined endoscopic approach with EBUS-TBNA and C-TBLB/b is an accurate and effective method for the evaluation of peribronchial lesions, with better results than using each technique alone. PMID:28051017

  15. A sensitivity and specificity comparison of fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy in evaluation of suspicious breast lesions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Wang, Mei; He, Xiaoning; Chang, Yaping; Sun, Guangwen; Thabane, Lehana

    2017-02-01

    Breast cancer detections for women with suspicious lesions mainly depend on two non-operative pathological tests-fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB). The aim of this systematic review was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of CNB and FNAC in this setting. The data sources included MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) till February 2016. We included prospective series of studies which directly compared the accuracy of FNAC and CNB. We used forest plots to display the sensitivity and specificity of FNAC and CNB respectively. Pre-specified subgroup analyses and sensitivity analysis were conducted. Ultimately, 12 articles (1802 patients) were included in the final analysis. The pooled analysis shows that the sensitivity of CNB is better than that of FNAC [87% (95% CI, 84%-88%, I(2) = 88.5%) versus 74% (95% CI, 72%-77%, I(2) = 88.3%)] and the specificity of CNB is similar to that of FNAC [98% (95% CI, 96%-99%, I(2) = 76.2%) versus 96% (95% CI, 94%-98%, I(2) = 39.0%)]. For subgroup analysis, the sensitivities of both tests are better for palpable lesions than that of non-palpable lesions. Sensitivity analysis shows the robustness of the primary analysis. Our study suggests that both of FNAC and CNB have good clinical performance. In similar circumstances, the sensitivity of CNB is better than that of FNAC, while their specificities are similar. FNAC could be still considered the first choice to evaluate suspicious nonpalpable breast lesions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. The ultrasonography features of hyalinizing trabecular tumor of the thyroid gland and the role of fine needle aspiration cytology and core needle biopsy in its diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Choi, Woo Jung; Baek, Jung Hwan; Ha, Eun Ju; Choi, Young Jun; Hong, Min Ji; Song, Dong Eun; Sung, Jin Yong; Yoo, Hyunju; Jung, So Lyung; Lee, Ha Young; Lee, Jeong Hyun

    2015-09-01

    Hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) of the thyroid gland is a rare, benign neoplasm of follicular cell origin. Misdiagnosis of HTT as either papillary or medullary thyroid carcinoma after fine-needle aspiration (FNA) may lead to unnecessary surgery. To evaluate the ultrasonography (US) findings of HTT of the thyroid gland and the role of FNA cytology and core needle biopsy (CNB) in its diagnosis. Data from 24 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of HTT between January 2000 and May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. US findings were categorized according to shape, margin, orientation, echogenicity, composition, calcification, and vascularity. Cytologic and histologic results of FNA, CNB, and surgery were reviewed. US revealed the following tumor features: oval-to-round (24/24), solid (22/24), smooth margin (21/24), hypoechoic or marked hypoechogenicity (18/24), and peri- and/or intranodular vascularity (17/17). Malignant US features such as marked hypoechogenicity (n = 7) and a spiculated margin (n = 3) were also observed. Final confirmation was by surgery in 22 patients and by CNB in two patients. All 19 patients who underwent FNA were initially misdiagnosed, including 12 with malignancies and five with atypia of undetermined significance. All four patients who underwent CNB were correctly diagnosed with HTT. The histology of CNB specimens suggested HTT, which was confirmed by immunostaining of MIB-1. HTT should be suspected when the cytological diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma is made after FNA without malignant US findings. CNB could prevent unnecessary surgery for HTT. © The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2014.

  17. Role of Core Needle Biopsy in the Management of Atypia/Follicular Lesion of Undetermined Significance Thyroid Nodules: Comparison with Repeat Fine-Needle Aspiration in Subcategory Nodules.

    PubMed

    Na, Dong Gyu; Min, Hye Sook; Lee, Hunkyung; Won, Jae-Kyung; Seo, Hyo Bin; Kim, Ji-Hoon

    2015-09-01

    The role of repeat fine-needle aspiration (RFNA) or core needle biopsy (CNB) has not been established in nodules categorized as atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine whether CNB is more useful for management decisions than RFNA at each subcategory of AUS/FLUS nodules. This study included 158 AUS/FLUS nodules (≥1 cm) from 153 consecutive patients who underwent both RFNA and CNB. The AUS/FLUS nodules were subcategorized into nuclear atypia (NA) and follicular lesions with other atypia (FOA). The diagnostic results and rate of determined management by RFNA and CNB were compared at each subcategory. The diagnostic values of RFNA and CNB for malignancy were evaluated in nodules with final diagnoses. CNB showed a lower rate of AUS/FLUS diagnosis, higher rates of benign and follicular neoplasm or suspicious for a follicular neoplasm (FN/SFN) diagnoses (p ≤ 0.038), and marginally higher rates of malignant diagnosis than RFNA in the NA subcategory. CNB showed a higher rate of FN/SFN (p = 0.007) than RFNA in the FOA subcategory. CNB also demonstrated a higher rate of surgery decision than RFNA in both the NA subcategory (20.2 vs. 9.6%, p < 0.001) and FOA subcategory (20.8 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.007), and a higher rate of observation decision only in the NA subcategory (48.1 vs. 35.6%, p = 0.035). CNB demonstrated a higher diagnostic performance for malignancy overall in the nodules compared with RFNA. CNB may be more useful for management decisions than RFNA in both the NA and FOA subcategories, and has the potential to be a first-line alternative diagnostic tool in initially diagnosed AUS/FLUS nodules.

  18. Subtyping of renal cortical neoplasms in fine needle aspiration biopsies using a decision tree based on genomic alterations detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization

    PubMed Central

    Gowrishankar, Banumathy; Cahill, Lynnette; Arndt, Alexandra E; Al-Ahmadie, Hikmat; Lin, Oscar; Chadalavada, Kalyani; Chaganti, Seeta; Nanjangud, Gouri J; Murty, Vundavalli V; Chaganti, Raju S K; Reuter, Victor E; Houldsworth, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To improve the overall accuracy of diagnosis in needle biopsies of renal masses, especially small renal masses (SRMs), using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and to develop a renal cortical neoplasm classification decision tree based on genomic alterations detected by FISH. Patients and Methods Ex vivo fine needle aspiration biopsies of 122 resected renal cortical neoplasms were subjected to FISH using a series of seven-probe sets to assess gain or loss of 10 chromosomes and rearrangement of the 11q13 locus. Using specimen (nephrectomy)-histology as the ‘gold standard’, a genomic aberration-based decision tree was generated to classify specimens. The diagnostic potential of the decision tree was assessed by comparing the FISH-based classification and biopsy histology with specimen histology. Results Of the 114 biopsies diagnostic by either method, a higher diagnostic yield was achieved by FISH (92 and 96%) than histology alone (82 and 84%) in the 65 biopsies from SRMs (<4 cm) and 49 from larger masses, respectively. An optimized decision tree was constructed based on aberrations detected in eight chromosomes, by which the maximum concordance of classification achieved by FISH was 79%, irrespective of mass size. In SRMs, the overall sensitivity of diagnosis by FISH compared with histopathology was higher for benign oncocytoma, was similar for the chromophobe renal cell carcinoma subtype, and was lower for clear-cell and papillary subtypes. The diagnostic accuracy of classification of needle biopsy specimens (from SRMs) increased from 80% obtained by histology alone to 94% when combining histology and FISH. Conclusion The present study suggests that a novel FISH assay developed by us has a role to play in assisting in the yield and accuracy of diagnosis of renal cortical neoplasms in needle biopsies in particular, and can help guide the clinical management of patients with SRMs that were non-diagnostic by histology. PMID:24467611

  19. A meta-analysis of endoscopic ultrasound–fine-needle aspiration compared to endoscopic ultrasound–fine-needle biopsy: diagnostic yield and the value of onsite cytopathological assessment

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Muhammad Ali; Grimm, Ian S.; Ali, Bilal; Nollan, Richard; Tombazzi, Claudio; Ismail, Mohammad Kashif; Baron, Todd H.

    2017-01-01

    Background The diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is variable, and partly dependent upon rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE) by a cytopathologist. Second generation fine-needle biopsy (FNB) needles are being increasingly used to obtain core histological tissue samples. Aims Studies comparing the diagnostic yield of EUS guided FNA versus FNB have reached conflicting conclusions. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic yield of FNA with FNB, and specifically evaluating the diagnostic value of ROSE while comparing the two types of needles. Methods We searched several databases from inception to 10 April 2016 to identify studies comparing diagnostic yield of second generation FNB needles with standard FNA needles. Risk ratios (RR) were calculated for categorical outcomes of interest (diagnostic adequacy, diagnostic accuracy, and optimal quality histological cores obtained). Standard mean difference (SMD) was calculated for continuous variables (number of passes required for diagnosis). These were pooled using random effects model of meta-analysis to account for heterogeneity. Meta-regression was conducted to evaluate the effect of ROSE on various outcomes of interest. Results Fifteen studies with a total of 1024 patients were included in the analysis. We found no significant difference in diagnostic adequacy [RR 0.98 (0.91, 1.06), (I 2 = 51 %)]. Although not statistically significant (P = 0.06), by meta-regression, in the absence of ROSE, FNB showed a relatively better diagnostic adequacy. For solid pancreatic lesions only, there was no difference in diagnostic adequacy [RR 0.96 (0.86, 1.09), (I 2 = 66 %)]. By meta-regression, in the absence of ROSE, FNB was associated with better diagnostic adequacy (P = 0.02). There was no difference in diagnostic accuracy [RR 0.99 (0.95, 1.03), (I 2 = 27 %)] or optimal quality core histological sample

  20. Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Thyroid Nodules: is it Necessary to Use Local Anesthesia for the Application of One Needle Puncture?

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Dong Wook; Kim, Ki Nam

    2009-01-01

    Objective This study was designed to evaluate the difference in the degree of patient pain for an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (USFNAB) of a thyroid nodule with one needle puncture with and without local anesthesia. Materials and Methods A total of 50 patients participated in the study. We examined prospective patients who would undergo US-FNABs of two thyroid nodules (larger than 10 mm maximum diameter), which were located in separate thyroid lobes. For one of these thyroid nodules, US-FNAB was performed following the administration of local anesthesia; for the other nodule, no anesthesia was administered. The application of anesthesia was alternatively administered between patients (either prior to the first US-FNAB procedure or prior to the second procedure). For all patients, the degree of pain during and after each US-guided FNAB was evaluated according to a 4-category verbal rating scale (VRS), an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) and a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS). Results The mean maximum diameters of thyroid nodules examined by US-FNAB with the use of local anesthesia and with no local anesthesia were 13.6 mm and 13.0 mm, respectively. There was no significant difference in nodule size (p > 0.05) between two groups. For the VRS, there were 27 patients with a higher pain score when local anesthesia was used and four patients with a higher pain score when no local anesthesia was administered. Nineteen patients had equivalent pain score for both treatments. This finding was statistically significant (p < 0.001). For the NRS, there were 33 patients with a higher pain score when local anesthesia was used and 10 patients with a higher pain score when no local anesthesia was administered. Seven patients had an equivalent pain score for each treatment. This finding was statistically significant (p < 0.001). For the VAS, there were 35 patients with a higher pain score when local anesthesia was used and 11 patients with a higher pain score

  1. Randomized comparison of fine-needle aspiration cytology and Biopty-Cut needle biopsy after unsatisfactory initial cytology of discrete breast lesions.

    PubMed

    Carty, N J; Ravichandran, D; Carter, C; Mudan, S; Royle, G T; Taylor, I

    1994-09-01

    In a minority of patients with a discrete breast lump the initial cytological assessment is either unsatisfactory or at variance with the results of other methods of diagnosis. A randomized comparison of repeat cytology and needle-core biopsy provided clinically useful information in 14 of 31 patients receiving repeat cytology and in 26 of 29 randomized to core biopsy. Nineteen patients had carcinoma: ten who received repeat cytology, which indicated malignancy in only three (diagnostic of malignancy in one, suspicious in two), while all nine patients who underwent core biopsy had a correct diagnosis (only suspicious of malignancy in one). The sensitivity for the definitive diagnosis of carcinoma on repeat cytology and core biopsy was 10 and 89 per cent respectively. Patients with a discrete breast lump and unclear cytology results require needle-core biopsy. This has more diagnostic value than repeat cytology.

  2. Clinicopathologic predictors of thyroid bed recurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer using ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies.

    PubMed

    Adhikari, Laura J; Sciallis, Andrew P; Reynolds, Jordan; Jenkins, Sarah; Smith, Carin; Stan, Marius N; Nassar, Aziza

    2013-08-01

    Monitoring changes in the thyroid bed (TB) is one of the clinical mainstays for surveillance of recurrent thyroid carcinoma. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a diagnostic tool that is commonly used to aid in the identification of residual or recurrent disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided FNA of the TB in detecting recurrent thyroid cancer and to correlate the findings with clinicopathologic parameters to identify predictors of TB recurrence. We retrieved cases of soft tissue masses within the TB that were evaluated for recurrence between January 1, 2006, and February 1, 2011. All ultrasound-guided FNA biopsies clinically suspected to indicate a lymph node metastasis and specimens with lymphocytes were excluded from the data. Of the 291 patients identified for evaluation of recurrence, 250 had papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), 10 had follicular carcinoma, 22 had medullary carcinoma, 7 had Hürthle cell carcinoma, and 2 had a previous thyroidectomy for an unknown type of thyroid carcinoma. For all FNAs that were clinically suspicious or intermediate for recurrence, the rate of positivity was 71.8% (209 patients). All cases diagnosed as "positive for PTC" or "suspicious for PTC" on TB FNA were found to have soft tissue metastasis on follow-up surgical resection. This resulted in a negative predictive value of 88.4% and a positive predictive value of 100%. The average time between thyroidectomy and TB FNA was 73.5 months. Of the patients with a previous diagnosis of PTC, those with suspicious/positive cytology were more likely to be women, to be older at thyroidectomy, to have documented metastasis to other sites as well as extrathyroidal extension and multifocal primary disease as compared with nondiagnostic/negative cytology cases. Patient age ≥45 years, primary tumor size at thyroidectomy, and surgical resection margin status had no statistical significance for predicting risk of TB recurrence. TB recurrence of PTC is

  3. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a renal transplant patient diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Alastal, Yaseen; Hammad, Tariq A; Rafiq, Ehsan; Nawras, Mohamad; Alaradi, Osama

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy sampling of enlarged lymph nodes is increasingly used to diagnose metastatic tumors, especially of the gastrointestinal tract and the lungs. Herein, we describe the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a 54 year-old male patient, who had a 5-years history of renal transplant, by EUS-FNA of mediastinal and celiac lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the origin of metastatic tumor. EUS-FNA with proper cytological evaluation can be useful in the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients. PMID:28326261

  4. The occurrence of thyroid focal lesions and a need for fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients with acromegaly due to an increased risk of thyroid cancer.

    PubMed

    Ruchala, Marek; Skiba, Agnieszka; Gurgul, Edyta; Uruski, Pawel; Wasko, Ryszard; Sowinski, Jerzy

    2009-01-01

    The high prevalence of goiter in acromegalic patients is well known. Several studies revealed increased frequency of thyroid carcinoma in these patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of thyroid lesions, including thyroid cancer in acromegalic patients and to estimate possible factors influencing their occurrence, especially high IGF-1 level. 86 consecutive patients with acromegaly were retrospectively analyzed. 45 patients had been previously treated for acromegaly and 41 were newly diagnosed. In all subjects hGH, IGF-1, TSH, FT4 levels were determined. Thyroid gland was evaluated in ultrasound examination. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed in every solid or mixed thyroid nodule. Thyroid morphology abnormalities were found in 75 patients (87.2%). 10 patients (11.6%) had diffuse goiter and 65 patients (75.6%) had nodular goiter. There were 5 cases of thyroid carcinoma (5.8%): 3 papillary carcinomas and two follicular variants of papillary cancer. Out of five cancers three were multifocal, one infiltrated thyroid capsule and one was diagnosed at the stage of metastases to four lymph nodes. Our study confirmed common co-existence of acromegaly and thyroid lesions. Furthermore, it revealed considerably high occurrence of thyroid carcinoma in these patients. In view of this correlation, the potential role of IGF-1 in pathogenesis of benign and malignant thyroid neoplasms should be considered. Due to high frequency of thyroid cancer in acromegalic patients, we suggest to perform fine needle aspiration biopsy in each case of thyroid nodule.

  5. Evaluation the Relationship Between Thyroid Nodule Size with Malignancy and Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB)

    PubMed Central

    Godazandeh, Gholamali; Kashi, Zahra; Zargarnataj, Sadegh; Fazli, Mehran; Ebadi, Robab; Kerdabadi, Ensiyeh Hajializadeh

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Some studies have shown largest thyroid nodule size, especially ≥4cm that can predict malignancy and reduce fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) accuracy. Therefore, this study is designed to evaluate relationship between thyroid nodule sizes with malignancy and its effect on FNBA accuracy. Materials and Methods: a retrospective analytical study design aims to investigate all patients with thyroid nodules who referred to surgery department of Imam-Khomeini Hospital of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in Sari from 20 March 2008 to 22 March 2014. We collected patient’s demographic data, nodules size, FNAB reports and final pathology (after surgery) reports from their medical records. All data were analyses performed by SPSS18. Results: 167 patients (153 women) with mean age of 41.56±13.24 years old were enrolled for this study. In final pathology; 38 patients (22.8%) had malignant nodules. The mean age of patients with or without malignant nodules were 34.93±11.86 and 42.37±12.26 years old, respectively (P=0.002). The mean size of benign and malignant nodules were 2.91±1.29 cm and 3.38±1.86 cm, respectively (P=0.15). 25.2% of <4 cm nodules and 17.9% of ≥4 cm nodules were diagnosed as a malignant (P=0.29). FNAB was done on 95 patients that reported benign in 60 patients (63.2%), malignant in 18 patients (18.9%) and suspicious in 17 patients (17.9%). Positive and negative results of FNAB in all nodules were 3.5% and 6.3%, in <4cm nodules were 5.8% and 6.2% and in ≥4cm nodules were zero and 6.7%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, Positive predict value (PPV), negative predict value (NPV) and overall accuracy (OA) of FNAB in all nodules were 76.19%, 96.49%, 88.88%, 91.66% and 91.02%, and in <4cm nodules were 78.57%, 94.11%, 84.61%, 91.42% and 89.58%, and in ≥4cm nodules were 71.4%, 100%, 100%, 92% and 93.33%, respectively. Conclusion: the results of this study revealed that the size of the thyroid nodules is not reliable at

  6. Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy as a Preoperative Procedure in Patients with Malignancy in Solitary and Multiple Thyroid Nodules

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Background Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a recognized technique for the basic, preoperative cytological diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Aim of the Study To analyze the accuracy of FNAB in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer in patients with solitary and multiple thyroid nodules and to compare the demographic, clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with thyroid carcinoma in solitary and multiple tumors. Materials and Methods The case records of 2,403 patients with solitary and multiple thyroid tumors treated consecutively between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. We selected 1,645 for further analysis. A solitary thyroid nodule was observed in 493 patients, and multiple nodules were detected in 1,152 patients. Further classification of the patients in these two groups was performed on the basis of the FNAB results, type of surgery performed and histopathology. TC was histopathologically confirmed in 166 patients, and benign disease was found in 1,479. The TC patients were assigned to the study group, and those with benign thyroid disease were placed into the control group. The study group was divided into two subgroups according to the presence of cancer in a single thyroid nodule or in multiple nodules. Malignancy in a solitary thyroid nodule was diagnosed in 98 (59.0%) patients, and cancer in multiple nodules was diagnosed in 68 (41.0%). Comparative analyses of the demographic, clinical and histopathological characteristics were performed for both subgroups. The following statistical analyses were performed: comparative characteristic of subgroups, ROC analysis for study group and subgroup of patients, and multivariable logistic regression analysis for study group. Results The rate of prediction of TC by FNAB was three times higher in the patients with a solitary thyroid nodule compared with those with multiple thyroid nodules and it was statistically significant (p<0.001). The rate of total thyroid resection and lack of necessity for

  7. Improved laboratory resource utilization and patient care with the use of rapid on-site evaluation for endobronchial ultrasound fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Collins, Brian T; Chen, Alexander C; Wang, Jeff F; Bernadt, Cory T; Sanati, Souzan

    2013-10-01

    Endobronchial ultrasound guided (EBUS) fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has become widely used to evaluate patients with thoracic abnormalities. Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) can provide the bronchoscopist with immediate evaluation findings during the procedure. This study examines EBUS FNA biopsy procedures with and without ROSE, and investigates the impact of ROSE service on the EBUS procedure and laboratory resource utilization. The cytopathology database at Washington University Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri, was searched for EBUS FNA biopsy cases before and after introduction of ROSE service, and a matched cohort was collected. Reports were reviewed and pertinent data was collected, such as sites biopsied, ROSE performance, slide smears, cell blocks, and diagnostic categories. Statistical analysis of the results was performed. A matched case-controlled EBUS FNA cohort of 340 patients (680 total) for each category of non-ROSE and ROSE service were identified. There was a 33% reduction in the number of sites biopsied with ROSE. A total of 68% of patients with ROSE had just one biopsy site compared to only 36% of non-ROSE patients. There was a 30% decrease in total slides (mean, 5.27 slides) after the introduction of ROSE. All of these improvements were statistically significant. EBUS FNA biopsy ROSE service benefits patients by contributing to significantly fewer biopsies and improved utilization of health care resources. ROSE service results in substantially fewer total slides, which has a significant impact on the cytopathology laboratory work effort. The use of ROSE for EBUS FNA biopsy provides significant improvements in patient care and laboratory resource utilization. © 2013 American Cancer Society.

  8. Ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology for thyroid nodules: an emphasis on one-sampling and biopsy techniques.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong Wook; Choo, Hye Jung; Park, Ji Sung; Lee, Eun Joo; Kim, Sang Hyo; Jung, Soo Jin; Ryu, Ji Hwa

    2012-05-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy and efficacy of ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (US-FNAC) with one-sampling technique (only one specimen through a single needle pass was obtained during the procedure on each thyroid nodule in each study patient) for the cytological diagnosis of thyroid nodules. In this study, US-FNAC techniques, including "free two-hand," "mixed sampling," "flipping-extraction," and "single-needle-pass" procedures were used to collect thyroid cells from July 2007 to June 2009. The cytopathology results and patients' complications were reviewed retrospectively. Of the 1456 thyroid-nodule samples obtained from 977 patients (1.49 per patient), the incidence of adequate and inadequate samplings was 88.5% (1289/1456) and 11.5% (167/1456), respectively. After thyroid surgery in 396 patients, 568 nodules were confirmed as 353 papillary thyroid carcinomas including one diffuse sclerosing variant, five follicular thyroid carcinomas, three medullary thyroid carcinomas, one anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, one metastatic renal cell carcinoma, two poorly differentiated carcinomas, 17 follicular adenomas, two nodular thyroiditis, two pseudonodules related to thyroiditis, and 182 cases of nodular hyperplasia. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, accuracy, false-negative rate, and false-positive rate for the US-FNAC were 94.3%, 91.9%, 96.2%, 88.3%, 93.6%, 3.9%, and 2.6%, respectively. There were no significant patients' complications, but 87 patients (8.9%) reported mild pain during or after the procedure. This study showed a good adequacy and efficacy of US-FNAC for thyroid nodules despite one-sampling. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Comparative cost-effectiveness of fine needle aspiration biopsy versus image-guided biopsy, and open surgical biopsy in the evaluation of breast cancer in the era of Affordable Care Act: a changing landscape.

    PubMed

    Masood, Shahla; Rosa, Marilin; Kraemer, Dale F; Smotherman, Carmen; Mohammadi, Amir

    2015-08-01

    Proven as a time challenged and cost-effective sampling procedure, the use of FNAB has still remained controversial among the scientific community. Currently, other minimally invasive sampling procedures such as ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) and image guided core needle biopsy (IG-CNB) have become the preferred sampling procedures for evaluation of breast lesions. However, changes in the medical economy and the current growing emphasis on cost containment in the era of the Affordable Care Act make it necessary to stimulate a renewed interest in the use of FNAB as the initial diagnostic sampling procedure. This study was designed to define the changing trend in the practice of tissue sampling during the last several years, and to assess the comparative effectiveness and appropriateness of the procedure of choice for breast cancer diagnosis. After Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, the computer database of the Pathology Department, University of Florida, College of Medicine-Jacksonville at UF Health was retrospectively searched to identify all breast biopsy pathology reports issued during the period of January 2004 to December 2011. The inclusion criteria were all women that underwent any of the following biopsy types: FNAB, US-FNAB, IG-CNB, and surgical biopsy (SB). Diagnostic procedures were identified using current procedural terminology (CPT) codes recorded on claims from the UF Health Jacksonville patient accounting application files. The data obtained was used to determine which technique has the best cost-effectiveness in the diagnosis of breast cancer. The outcome variable for this project was a positive breast cancer diagnosis resulting from these methodologies. The predictor variable was the biopsy type used for sampling. The rate of cancer detection for each procedure was also determined. Among the four groups of procedures compared, the lower cost was attributed to FNAB, followed by US-FNAB, and SB. IG-CNB was the most

  10. Ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Biopty gun superior to aspiration.

    PubMed

    Ragde, H; Aldape, H C; Bagley, C M

    1988-12-01

    We used a 7 MHz transrectal ultrasound scanner to perform guided core biopsy and aspiration cytologies on 292 patients with findings suspicious for prostate cancer. One hundred two cancers were identified, 35 of which were not palpable and were detected only by ultrasound. Aspiration needles were guided by ultrasound through the center of the suspicious lesion. Core biopsies were performed using an 18-gauge Tru-Cut type of needle with an automatic, spring-powered needle biopsy device (Biopty). All patients received only local anesthetic and biopsies were done as an outpatient office procedure. The core biopsies gave excellent specimens which detected 89 percent of the cancers, whereas the aspiration method detected 51 percent (P less than 0.001). Aspiration cytology was significantly less sensitive among well-differentiated compared with moderately differentiated cancers. High-resolution transrectal ultrasound and the Biopty device are detecting and documenting prostate cancer with much greater sensitivity than preceding techniques have achieved.

  11. Comparison of power Doppler and thermography for the selection of thyroid nodules in which fine-needle aspiration biopsy is indicated*

    PubMed Central

    Alves, Maria Lucia D'Arbo; Gabarra, Manoel Henrique Cintra

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare two methods-power Doppler and thermography-for the analysis of nodule vascularization and subsequent selection of nodules to be biopsied. Materials and Methods A total of 510 subjects with thyroid nodules were analyzed by power Doppler and submitted to fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Thirty-seven patients were submitted to nodule excision (29 due to carcinoma or suspected carcinoma and 8 by patient choice). Among those patients, power Doppler had raised the suspicion of malignancy in 39 lesions, compared with 48 for FNAB. Another group, comprising 110 patients, underwent thermography, which raised the suspicion of malignancy in 124 thyroid nodules, as did FNAB. Malignant nodules were excised in all 110 of those patients (95 underwent nodulectomy and 15 underwent thyroidectomy), malignancy being confirmed by intraoperative examination of frozen biopsy samples. Results In relation to the FNAB findings, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of power Doppler were 95.16%, 23.52%, 96.22%, 16.70%, and 89.51%, respectively, compared with 100%, 58.06%, 87.73%, 100%, and 89.51%, respectively, for thermography. Conclusion Thermography was more precise than was power Doppler for the selection of thyroid nodules to be biopsied. PMID:27818545

  12. Concordance between HER-2 status determined by qPCR in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) samples compared with IHC and FISH in Core Needle Biopsy (CNB) or surgical specimens in breast cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, Claudia; Suciu, Voichita; Poterie, Audrey; Lacroix, Ludovic; Miran, Isabelle; Boichard, Amélie; Delaloge, Suzette; Deneuve, Jacqueline; Azoulay, Sandy; Mathieu, Marie-Christine; Valent, Alexander; Michiels, Stefan; Arnedos, Monica; Vielh, Philippe

    2016-11-01

    Determining the status of HER2-neu amplification and overexpression in breast cancer is crucial for prognosis but mostly for treatment purposes. Standard techniques include the determination of IHC in combination with in situ hybridization techniques to confirm a HER2-neu amplification in case of IHC2+ using either a core-needle biopsy or a surgical specimen. qPCR has been also demonstrated to be able to determine HER2 status, mostly in core biopsies or in surgical specimens. Fine-needle aspiration is a reliable, quicker and less invasive technique that is widely used for diagnosis of invasive breast cancer. In this study, we assessed the performance of qPCR in invasive breast carcinomas to determine HER2-neu status by using fine-needle aspiration samples and comparing to standard IHC and FISH. From a total of 154 samples from patients who had nodular breast lesions and attended the 1-day-stop clinic at the Gustave Roussy from March 2013 to October 2014, qPCR was able to determine the HER2 status in a mean of 3.7 days (SD 3.1). The overall concordance with standard HER2-testing was very high: 97% (95% CI 0.94 to 0.99); sensitivity was 96% (0.87-1), specificity 98% (0.95-1) and positive and negative predictive values 88% (0.75-1) and 99% (0.98-1), respectively. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that qPCR performed using fine-needle aspiration samples from a primary tumour is a reliable and fast method to determine HER2/neu status in patients with early breast cancer.

  13. Cost-effectiveness analysis of repeat fine-needle aspiration for thyroid biopsies read as atypia of undetermined significance.

    PubMed

    Heller, Michael; Zanocco, Kyle; Zydowicz, Sara; Elaraj, Dina; Nayar, Ritu; Sturgeon, Cord

    2012-09-01

    The 2007 National Cancer Institute (NCI) conference on Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA) introduced the category atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS). Repeat FNA in 3 to 6 months was recommended for low-risk patients. Compliance with these recommendations has been suboptimal. We hypothesized that repeat FNA would be more effective than diagnostic lobectomy, with decreased costs and improved rates of cancer detection. Cost-effectiveness analysis was performed in which we compared diagnostic lobectomy with repeat FNA. A Markov model was developed. Outcomes and probabilities were identified from literature review. Third-party payer costs were estimated in 2010 US dollars. Outcomes were weighted by use of the quality-of-life utility factors, yielding quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Monte Carlo simulation and sensitivity analysis were used to examine the uncertainty of probability, cost, and utility estimates. The diagnostic lobectomy strategy cost $8,057 and produced 23.99 QALYs. Repeat FNA cost $2,462 and produced 24.05 QALYs. Repeat FNA was dominant until the cost of FNA increased to $6,091. Dominance of the repeat FNA strategy was not sensitive to the cost of operation or the complication rate. The NCI recommendations for repeat FNA regarding follow-up of AUS/FLUS results are cost-effective. Improving compliance with these guidelines should lead to less overall costs, greater quality of life, and fewer unnecessary operations. Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Diagnostic pitfalls associated with fine-needle aspiration biopsy in a patient with the myxoid variant of monophasic fibrous synovial sarcoma.

    PubMed

    Bergman, Simon; Brownlee, Noel A; Geisinger, Kim R; Ward, William G; Pettenati, Mark J; Koty, Patrick; Ellis, Ezra; Beaty, Michael W; Kilpatrick, Scott E

    2006-11-01

    Synovial sarcoma (SS) is one of the most common soft tissue tumors that typically presents in the extremities of young adults, but may occur at any site and affect children during the first decade. Herein we discuss a 12-yr-old male who complained of left foot pain and plantar mass. A fine-needle aspiration biopsy of an 8 cm subcutaneous mass was performed revealing a myxoid spindle cell neoplasm. The cytologic differential diagnosis included a myxoid neurofibroma, neurothekeoma, and a myxoid sarcoma. Subsequent excision of the mass revealed a monophasic fibrous SS with myxoid features. Examination of the tissue by fluorescence in situ hybridization confirmed the presence of characteristic SS SYT gene rearrangement at chromosome 18q11.2. This case underscores that the cytologic distinction of mxyoid spindle cell tumors may be challenging. We report the cytologic features of a myxoid monophasic fibrous SS, and discuss its distinction from other benign and malignant myxoid soft tissue neoplasms.

  15. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of HPV-related squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: Current ancillary testing methods for determining HPV status.

    PubMed

    Bernadt, Cory T; Collins, Brian T

    2017-03-01

    Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a unique form of carcinoma that largely arises from the tonsillar tissue in the oropharynx. These tumors often present with cervical lymphadenopathy resulting in a fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy. Use of the cytology specimen to determine the HPV-status has significant prognostic and treatment implications as HPV-related tumors have a more favorable prognosis and response to nonsurgical therapies. While several different ancillary testing methods are available that have proven effective for determining HPV status in FNA specimens from HNSCCs, there is currently no consensus regarding HPV testing in this setting. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:221-229. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of metastases in nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes in lung cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Kendirlinan, Resat; Ozkan, Gülcihan; Bayram, Mehmet; Bakan, Nur Dilek; Tutar, Mehmet; Gür, Aygün; Camsari, Güngör

    2011-08-31

    To assess frequency and significance of enlarged nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes with routine ultrasound (US) evaluation and US-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis and staging of patients with lung cancer. 106 consecutive patients with lung cancer and nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes were evaluated with cervical US for the presence of pathological lymph nodes. FNAB was performed in patients with nodes with short-axis > 5 mm, rounded shape and missing echogenic hilum. 27 (25.5%) patients had enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes on US. Fourteen patients (13.2%) had cytologically proven lymph node involvement. Supraclavicular lymph node metastasis was more frequent in patients with mediastinal invasion (p = 0.0001) and patients with enlarged lymph nodes on upper paratracheal stations on thorax CT (p = 0.0001). No relation was found between supraclavicular lymph node involvement and T stage (p = 0.27), distant metastasis (p = 0.50) or histological type (p = 0.80). Three patients were upstaged from IIIA to IIIB status. US-guided FNAB was the only diagnostic method in 2 patients. US-guided FNAB is a simple and safe procedure which can document N3 stage of disease in lung cancer patients. Thereby more invasive and expensive diagnostic procedures can be avoided in selected lung cancer patients.

  17. Ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of metastases in nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes in lung cancer patients

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background and objectives To assess frequency and significance of enlarged nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes with routine ultrasound (US) evaluation and US-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis and staging of patients with lung cancer. Materials and methods 106 consecutive patients with lung cancer and nonpalpable supraclavicular lymph nodes were evaluated with cervical US for the presence of pathological lymph nodes. FNAB was performed in patients with nodes with short-axis > 5 mm, rounded shape and missing echogenic hilum. Results 27 (25.5%) patients had enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes on US. Fourteen patients (13.2%) had cytologically proven lymph node involvement. Supraclavicular lymph node metastasis was more frequent in patients with mediastinal invasion (p = 0.0001) and patients with enlarged lymph nodes on upper paratracheal stations on thorax CT (p = 0.0001). No relation was found between supraclavicular lymph node involvement and T stage (p = 0.27), distant metastasis (p = 0.50) or histological type (p = 0.80). Three patients were upstaged from IIIA to IIIB status. US-guided FNAB was the only diagnostic method in 2 patients. Conclusion US-guided FNAB is a simple and safe procedure which can document N3 stage of disease in lung cancer patients. Thereby more invasive and expensive diagnostic procedures can be avoided in selected lung cancer patients. PMID:22958429

  18. Cost savings associated with the use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis of palpable masses in a community hospital-based FNAB clinic.

    PubMed

    Florentine, Barbara D; Staymates, Barry; Rabadi, Munif; Sarda, Nayibe; Barstis, John; Black, Alexander

    2006-11-01

    Generally, it is assumed that fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis of superficial, palpable masses is a less expensive alternative to diagnostic open surgical biopsy; however, to the authors' knowledge few studies to date have sought to quantify the number of diagnostic surgical procedures avoided and cost savings involved. In this article, the authors report their experience with 664 FNAB procedures that were performed by a cytopathologist/cytotechnologist team practicing in a community setting. Records from a total of 664 consecutive FNAB cases from 607 patients who underwent FNAB in a community hospital-based FNAB clinic between 2003 and 2005 were reviewed retrospectively, and follow-up data were obtained. Surgery was averted entirely as a result of the FNAB in 83% or 505 of 609 cases with follow-up available. The FNAB procedure was highly accurate and considerably less expensive than surgical biopsy. For patients who presented with palpable masses, FNAB was a reliable, cost-effective initial method for obtaining a tissue diagnosis. (c) 2006 American Cancer Society.

  19. [Aspiration biopsy of the pancreas].

    PubMed

    Pérez Catzín, F; Gutiérrez Samperio, C; Valenzuela Tamariz, J

    1979-01-01

    Biopsy of the pancreas frequently is followed by complications, this is why the transoperative aspiration biopsy has been recomended. During the last 2 years we used this procedure in 46 patients; in each case, one or several aspirations were done in the more-representative area of the pancreatic pathology. With the aspirated material a smear was fixed and treated with H-E stain. Biopsy was negative for carcinoma in 30 patients (65.2%), positive in 12 (26.0%), insuficient material results in other 4 (8.6%) we consider that the procedure was useful in the 82.6% of the cases and help to elect more adecuate surgical tecnic. There were no complications and we concluded that this is not a harmful procedure. The correct interpretation of the citology depends on the experience of the pathologyst with this method, to increase the percentage of correct diagnosis.

  20. Genomic characterization of patient-derived xenograft models established from fine needle aspirate biopsies of a primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and from patient-matched metastatic sites

    PubMed Central

    de Abreu, Francine B.; Gardner, Timothy B.; Gordon, Stuart R.; Barth, Richard J.; Colacchio, Thomas A.; Wood, Matthew; Kacsoh, Balint Z.; Bouley, Stephanie J.; Cui, Jingxuan; Hamilton, Joanna; Choi, Jungbin A.; Lange, Joshua T.; Peterson, Jason D.; Padmanabhan, Vijayalakshmi; Tomlinson, Craig R.; Tsongalis, Gregory J.; Suriawinata, Arief A.; Smith, Kerrington D.

    2016-01-01

    N-of-1 trials target actionable mutations, yet such approaches do not test genomically-informed therapies in patient tumor models prior to patient treatment. To address this, we developed patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models from fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies (FNA-PDX) obtained from primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) at the time of diagnosis. Here, we characterize PDX models established from one primary and two metastatic sites of one patient. We identified an activating KRAS G12R mutation among other mutations in these models. In explant cells derived from these PDX tumor models with a KRAS G12R mutation, treatment with inhibitors of CDKs (including CDK9) reduced phosphorylation of a marker of CDK9 activity (phospho-RNAPII CTD Ser2/5) and reduced viability/growth of explant cells derived from PDAC PDX models. Similarly, a CDK inhibitor reduced phospho-RNAPII CTD Ser2/5, increased apoptosis, and inhibited tumor growth in FNA-PDX and patient-matched metastatic-PDX models. In summary, PDX models can be constructed from FNA biopsies of PDAC which in turn can enable genomic characterization and identification of potential therapies. PMID:26934555

  1. Pleural needle biopsy

    MedlinePlus

    ... of the pleural membrane. Pleural biopsy can diagnose tuberculosis , cancer, and other diseases. If this type of pleural biopsy is not enough to make a diagnosis, you may need a surgical biopsy of the ...

  2. Thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat fine-needle aspiration biopsy: which nodules should be considered for repeat biopsy or surgery rather than follow-up?

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The goal of this study was to assess the clinicopathologic and ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat ultrasonography (US)-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) according to size and the number of suspicious findings and to determine the proper management of nodules with consecutive nondiagnostic results. Methods: This retrospective study included 297 nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat FNAB that were evaluated by US over the course of at least 12 months of follow-up, a follow-up biopsy, or an operation. We compared clinical and US variables between benign and malignant nodules in thyroid nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results. Results: The comparison of benign and malignant nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results revealed that age, marked hypoechogenicity, irregular or microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and nonparallel shape were significantly associated with malignancy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis in malignant nodules revealed that microcalcifications and irregular or microlobulated margins were independently associated with malignancy. Among them, only irregular or microlobulated margins were independently significant as a predictor of malignancy in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules measuring >10 mm. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the best cutoff value for the “number of suspicious findings” between benign and malignant nodules was three in nodules of all sizes, three in nodules measuring ≤10 mm, and two in nodules measuring >10 mm. Conclusion: Irregular or microlobulated margins may be the most frequent US features in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules >10 mm. The presence of “two or more suspicious findings” can be used as the cutoff for distinguishing benign and malignant nodules. PMID:27068131

  3. Syringe and Needle Size, Syringe Type, Vacuum Generation, and Needle Control in Aspiration Procedures

    PubMed Central

    Haseler, Luke J.; Sibbitt, Randy R.; Sibbitt, Wilmer L.; Michael, Adrian A.; Gasparovic, Charles M.; Bankhurst, Arthur D.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Syringes are used for diagnostic fluid aspiration and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) in interventional procedures. We determined the benefits, disadvantages, and patient safety implications of syringe and needle size on vacuum generation, hand force requirements, biopsy/fluid yield, and needle control during aspiration procedures. Materials and Methods Different sizes (1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 ml) of the conventional syringe and aspirating mechanical safety syringe, the reciprocating procedure device (RPD), were studied. 20 operators performed aspiration procedures with the following outcomes measured: 1) vacuum (Torr), 2) time to vacuum (seconds), 3) hand force to generate vacuum (Torr-cm2), 4) operator difficulty during aspiration, 5) biopsy yield (mg), and 6) operator control of the needle tip position (mm). Results Vacuum increased tissue biopsy yield at all needle diameters (p < 0.002). 20 ml syringes achieved a vacuum of −517 Torr, but required significantly more strength to aspirate, and resulted in significant loss of needle control (p<0.002). The 10 ml syringe generated only 15% less vacuum (−435 Torr) than the 20 ml, and required much less hand strength. The mechanical syringe generated identical vacuum at all syringe sizes with less hand force (p<0.002), and provided significantly enhanced needle control (p<0.002). Conclusions To optimize patient safety and control of the needle and maximize fluid and tissue yield during aspiration procedures, a two-handed technique and the smallest syringe size adequate for the procedure should be used. If precise needle control or one-handed operation is required, a mechanical safety syringe should be considered. PMID:21057795

  4. Syringe and Needle Size, Syringe Type, Vacuum Generation, and Needle Control in Aspiration Procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Haseler, Luke J.; Sibbitt, Randy R.; Sibbitt, Wilmer L.; Michael, Adrian A.; Gasparovic, Charles M.; Bankhurst, Arthur D.

    2011-06-15

    Purpose: Syringes are used for diagnostic fluid aspiration and fine-needle aspiration biopsy in interventional procedures. We determined the benefits, disadvantages, and patient safety implications of syringe and needle size on vacuum generation, hand force requirements, biopsy/fluid yield, and needle control during aspiration procedures. Materials and Methods: Different sizes (1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 ml) of the conventional syringe and aspirating mechanical safety syringe, the reciprocating procedure device, were studied. Twenty operators performed aspiration procedures with the following outcomes measured: (1) vacuum (torr), (2) time to vacuum (s), (3) hand force to generate vacuum (torr-cm{sup 2}), (4) operator difficulty during aspiration, (5) biopsy yield (mg), and (6) operator control of the needle tip position (mm). Results: Vacuum increased tissue biopsy yield at all needle diameters (P < 0.002). Twenty-milliliter syringes achieved a vacuum of -517 torr but required far more strength to aspirate, and resulted in significant loss of needle control (P < 0.002). The 10-ml syringe generated only 15% less vacuum (-435 torr) than the 20-ml device and required much less hand strength. The mechanical syringe generated identical vacuum at all syringe sizes with less hand force (P < 0.002) and provided significantly enhanced needle control (P < 0.002). Conclusions: To optimize patient safety and control of the needle, and to maximize fluid and tissue yield during aspiration procedures, a two-handed technique and the smallest syringe size adequate for the procedure should be used. If precise needle control or one-handed operation is required, a mechanical safety syringe should be considered.

  5. Mutant-specific BRAF and CD117 immunocytochemistry potentially facilitate risk stratification for papillary thyroid carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens.

    PubMed

    Meng, Zhilan; Lu, Junliang; Wu, Huanwen; Zhao, Yu; Luo, Yufeng; Gao, Jie; Zhu, Qingli; Jiang, Yuxin; Li, Wenbo; Liang, Zhiyong

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to test whether combination of mutant-specific BRAF and CD117 immunocytochemical (ICC) staining stratifies probability for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) specimens. A consecutive cohort of cases diagnosed as atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) or suspicious for malignancy-suspicious for papillary thyroid carcinoma (SM-SPTC) from 30 December, 2011 to 23 October, 2014 in a single institute was enrolled. Forty cytologically benign and 50 cytologically diagnosed PTC within the same time span were also included. CD117 and mutant-specific BRAF (BRAF VE1) ICC staining was performed. Association of BRAF VE1 and CD117 expression with final diagnosis was analyzed. Both BRAF VE1 and CD117 showed good performance in distinguishing PTC from benign nodules. Combination of BRAF VE1 and CD117 stratified 180 cases into three categories: BRAF VE1 positive regardless of CD117 expression (ICC-malignant), BRAF VE1 negative plus low level of CD117 expression (ICC-intermediate), and BRAF VE1 negative plus high level of CD117 expression (ICC-benign), which was associated with 100, 75.6, and 0 % of malignancy. Combination of mutant-specific BRAF and CD117 ICC may potentially facilitate the PTC risk stratification in FNAB thyroid nodule specimens.

  6. CXCR3, CCR5, and CRTH2 Chemokine Receptor Expression in Lymphocytes Infiltrating Thyroid Nodules with Coincident Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Obtained by Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Antošová, Marie; Krátký, Jan; Vítková, Hana; Límanová, Zdeňka; Marečková, Helena; Potluková, Eliška

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To determine the expression of chemokine receptors in lymphocytes from thyroid nodules and peripheral blood in patients with and without Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). Patients and Methods. The study included 46 women with thyroid nodules and HT and 60 women with thyroid nodules without HT (controls) who underwent a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Expression of chemokine receptors CXCR3, CCR5, and CRTH2 was assessed by flow cytometry in lymphocytes from FNAB samples and from peripheral blood. Results. The percentage of CRTH2+ lymphocytes was higher in nodules with HT in comparison with controls, both in FNAB samples (13.95 versus 6.7%, p = 0.008) and in peripheral blood (6.7 versus 5.13%, p = 0.047), and positively correlated with serum antibodies to thyroid peroxidase (r = 0.243; p = 0.026) and negatively correlated with thyroid volume (r = −0.346; p = 0.008). Lymphocytes from neoplastic nodules showed a higher expression of both CXCR3 and CCR5 than those from hyperplastic ones. Conclusion. Flow cytometry performed in FNAB samples may serve as a good tool in investigation of intrathyroidal expression of immunological parameters. In our study, the CRTH2 expression on thyroid-infiltrating lymphocytes as well as on lymphocytes from peripheral blood was increased in HT as compared to controls. PMID:27872865

  7. Metastatic pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma in a younger male with marked AFP production: A potential pitfall on fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    PubMed

    Valente, Kari; Yacoub, George; Cappellari, James O; Parks, Graham

    2017-02-01

    A 30-year-old male presented to his doctor with complaints of abdominal pain and was found to have retroperitoneal as well as multiple hepatic masses. A serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level was significantly elevated (17,373 ng mL(-1) ), raising suspicions for a metastatic germ cell tumor. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the pancreatic lesion revealed atypical epithelioid cells with round nuclei, large prominent nucleoli, and granular cytoplasm. The morphologic differential diagnosis included pancreatic neoplasm, metastatic germ cell tumor, other metastatic carcinoma, and melanoma. An extensive panel of immunohistochemical stains confirmed the diagnosis of acinar cell carcinoma. The diagnosis of acinar cell carcinoma could be confounded by the markedly increased AFP level, particularly in the setting of a retroperitoneal mass in a younger male. The increased AFP level in the setting of an acinar cell tumor is a potential pitfall to correct diagnosis by cytology. As the treatment for these two entities differs considerably, acute awareness of the phenomenon is important. We present a case of pancreatic ACC with an increased AFP level diagnosed on a cytology specimen. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:133-136. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Lung needle biopsy

    MedlinePlus

    ... if you have certain lung diseases such as emphysema. Usually, a collapsed lung after a biopsy does ... any type Bullae (enlarged alveoli that occur with emphysema) Cor pulmonale (condition that causes the right side ...

  9. Patterns of Lymph Node Pathology; Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy as an Evaluation Tool for Lymphadenopathy: A Retrospective Descriptive Study Conducted at the Largest Hospital in Africa.

    PubMed

    Reddy, Denasha Lavanya; Venter, Willem Daniel Francois; Pather, Sugeshnee

    2015-01-01

    Lymphadenopathy is a common clinical presentation of disease in South Africa (SA), particularly in the era of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) co-infection. Data from 560 lymph node biopsy reports of specimens from patients older than 12 years at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital (CHBAH) between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012 was extracted from the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), division of Anatomical Pathology. Cytology reports of lymph node fine needle aspirates (FNAs) performed prior to lymph node biopsy in 203 patients were also extracted from the NHLS. Consent was not obtained from participants for their records to be used as patient information was anonymized and de-identified prior to analysis. The majority of patients were female (55%) and of the African/black racial group (90%). The median age of patients was 40 years (range 12-94). The most common indication for biopsy was an uncertain diagnosis (more than two differential diagnoses entertained), followed by a suspicion for lymphoma, carcinoma and TB. Overall, malignancy constituted the largest biopsy pathology group (39%), with 36% of this group being carcinoma and 27% non-Hodgkin lymphoma. 22% of the total sampled nodes displayed necrotizing granulomatous inflammation (including histopathology and cytology demonstrating definite, and suspicious for mycobacterial infection), 8% comprised HIV reactive nodes; in the remainder no specific pathology was identified (nonspecific reactive lymphoid hyperplasia). Kaposi sarcoma (KS) accounted for 2.5% of lymph node pathology in this sample. Concomitant lymph node pathology was diagnosed in four cases of nodal KS (29% of the subset). The co-existing pathologies were TB and Castleman disease. HIV positive patients constituted 49% of this study sample and the majority (64%) of this subset had CD4 counts less than 350 cells/ul. 27% were HIV negative and in the remaining nodes, the HIV status of patients was unknown. The

  10. [Pulmonary needle biopsy in children].

    PubMed

    Gerbeaux, J

    1975-01-01

    Pulmonary biopsy done with a needle of circular bore, can be performed on very young children. A sample of tissue, big enough to establish a precise diagnosis in 2/3 of cases, can be obtained. The main complication is pneumothorax occuring about once in five. Hemoptysia or hemorrhage has never been observed. A proposed indication of premortem biopsy accelerated the death of a child with congenital pulmonary fibrosis. The search of a diagnosis in diffuse pulmonary diseases is the major indication for pulmonary biopsy in the child.

  11. Restricting ultrasound thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy by nodule size: which tumors are we missing? A population-based study.

    PubMed

    Brito, Juan P; Singh-Ospina, Naykky; Gionfriddo, Michael R; Maraka, Spyridoula; Espinosa De Ycaza, Ana; Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Rene; Morris, John C; Montori, Victor M; Tuttle, R Michael

    2016-03-01

    Clinicians use nodule size to determine which thyroid nodules should receive cytological evaluation. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) has recommended against cytological evaluation for nodules <1 cm. It is unknown, however, if nodule size can accurately discriminate lesions that will represent tumors with favorable versus unfavorable prognosis. Also, the characteristics of thyroid cancers that would not be diagnosed if a strict 1 cm size cut off is used as the threshold for biopsy of intrathyroidal nodules are not well established. Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a population-based cohort, we identified all thyroid nodules in Olmsted County residents from 2003-2006. To assess the presence of favorable or unfavorable features for each nodule size cutoff, each patient found to have thyroid cancer was risk-stratified using the ATA risk score, which predicts risk of recurrence and persistent disease. Thyroid cancer cases in which a biopsy was done for factors other than thyroid nodule size or suspicious ultrasound features were excluded. We identified 485 thyroid nodules, 46 (9.5%) harbored thyroid cancer. Of the 46 thyroid cancers, 37 (7.6%) had ATA low risk; 8 (1.6%) had intermediate, and only 1 (0.2%) had an ATA high risk scores. The frequency of thyroid cancer and the distribution of ATA risk scores were similar across tumor sizes. In thyroid nodules of <1 cm, 92 (87%) were benign, while 13 (13%) were malignant (11% ATA low risk, 2% ATA intermediate risk) without extrathyroid extension, aggressive histology, or distant metastasis. For all thyroid cancer patients, no cases of persistent disease were found after a median follow-up of 7 years. In this population-based study, we showed that high risk thyroid cancers are rare; indeed, in this highly selected cohort of patients, the ATA's recommendation to avoid cytologic evaluation in thyroid nodules less than 1 cm would not miss any thyroid cancer with high risk features. However, thyroid nodule size at

  12. Predictive value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodules according to Bethesda categories of fine needle aspiration biopsy results.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seong-Jang; Chang, Samuel

    2015-12-01

    The current study was aimed to investigate the clinical value of intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake for characterization of thyroid nodule (TN) with inconclusive fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) results. The current study enrolled 200 patients who showed F-18 FDG incidentaloma and were performed FNAB. The intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake was represented as the heterogeneity factor (HF), defined as the derivative (dV/dT) of a volume-threshold function for a primary tumor. The diagnostic and predictive values of HF and F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters were evaluated for characterization of inconclusive FNAB results. Among F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters, SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of malignant group were statistically higher than those of Bethesda category of suspicious malignant group. However, HF values were not statistically different between the groups of Bethesda categories (Kruskal-Wallis statistics, 9.924; p = 0.0774). In ROC analysis, when HF > 2.751 was used as cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity for prediction of malignant TN were 100 % (95 % CI 69.2-100 %) and 60 % (95 % CI 42.1-76.1 %), respectively. The AUC was 0.826 (95 % CI 0.684-0.922) and standard error was 0.0648 (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, the intratumoral heterogeneity of F-18 FDG uptake represented by HF could be a predictor for characterization of TN with inconclusive FNAB results. Additional large population-based prospective studies are needed to validate the diagnostic utility of HF of F-18 FDG PET/CT.

  13. Pulmonary Paragonimiasis Diagnosed by Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy▿

    PubMed Central

    Zarrin-Khameh, Neda; Citron, Deborah R.; Stager, Charles E.; Laucirica, Rodolfo

    2008-01-01

    We report a case of paragonimiasis involving a 12-year-old Latin American boy. The diagnosis was made by fine-needle aspiration biopsy of a pulmonary nodule. Identification of the species by morphometric analysis of the eggs indicated that the infection was caused by Paragonimus mexicanus. PMID:18385444

  14. Real-Time PCR Assay Using Fine-Needle Aspirates and Tissue Biopsy Specimens for Rapid Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Lymphadenitis in Children

    PubMed Central

    van Coppenraet, E. S. Bruijnesteijn; Lindeboom, J. A.; Prins, J. M.; Peeters, M. F.; Claas, E. C. J.; Kuijper, E. J.

    2004-01-01

    A real-time PCR assay was developed to diagnose and identify the causative agents of suspected mycobacterial lymphadenitis. Primers and probes for the real-time PCR were designed on the basis of the internal transcribed spacer sequence, enabling the recognition of the genus Mycobacterium and the species Mycobacterium avium and M. tuberculosis. The detection limit for the assay was established at 1,100 CFU/ml of pus, and the specificity tests showed no false-positive reaction with other mycobacterial species and other pathogens causing lymphadenitis. From 67 children with suspected mycobacterial lymphadenitis based on a positive mycobacterial skin test, 102 samples (58 fine-needle aspirates [FNA] and 44 tissue specimens) were obtained. The real-time PCR assay detected a mycobacterial infection in 48 patients (71.6%), whereas auramine staining and culturing were positive for 31 (46.3%) and 28 (41.8%) of the patients. The addition of the real-time PCR assay to conventional diagnostic tests resulted in the recognition of 13 more patients with mycobacterial disease. These results indicate that the real-time PCR is more sensitive than conventional staining and culturing techniques (P = 0.006). The M. avium-specific real-time PCR was positive for 38 patients, and the M. tuberculosis-specific real-time PCR was positive for 1 patient. Analysis of 27 patients from whom FNA and tissue biopsy specimens were collected revealed significantly more positive real-time PCR results for FNA than for tissue biopsy specimens (P = 0.003). Samples from an age-matched control group of 50 patients with PCR-proven cat scratch disease were all found to be negative by the real-time PCR. We conclude that this real-time PCR assay with a sensitivity of 72% for patients with lymphadenitis and a specificity of 100% for the detection of atypical mycobacteria can provide excellent support for clinical decision making in children with lymphadenitis. PMID:15184446

  15. Extra-pleuric coaxial system for CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of small (≤20 mm) lung nodules: a novel technique using multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images.

    PubMed

    Capasso, Raffaella; Nizzoli, Rita; Tiseo, Marcello; Pedrazzi, Giuseppe; Brunese, Luca; Rotondo, Antonio; De Filippo, Massimo

    2017-02-01

    The aim of the study is to present the diagnostic feasibility, usefulness, and safety of a novel technique for coaxial CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of small (≤20 mm in diameter) lung nodules. A 18-gauge (G) (1.2 × 40 mm) needle is inserted through the skin in the depth of the thoracic wall tissues remaining outside the pleura. Its positioning is planned and adjusted using multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images along the 18-G guide needle axis tracing a reference outline extended from the needle tip to the target nodule. When the insertion of the 18-G extra-pleuric needle (EPN) proves to be precise, a 22-G Chiba needle is then passed through the outer 18-G EPN until it reaches the thoracic lesion for the sampling procedure. Patient population included 153 males and 94 females, with a mean age of 61.3 ± 21.6 years. Mean nodule diameter was 14.1 ± 2.2 mm. The lesion depth from pleural plane ranged from 0 mm to 127 mm. An average of 1.29 aspirates were performed per lesion. The most common complication was pneumothorax in 27 cases; there were no cases of PNX requiring chest tube insertion. Intrapulmonary bleeding along the needle track was observed in 32 patients. Exploiting the advantage of MPR images, our novel technique of extra-pleuric coaxial system with a 18-G EPN allows the operator to multiple samplings of small (≤20 mm) target lesions in various locations with a thinner (22-G Chiba) needle, thus reducing the degree of pleural, parenchymal, or adjacent organs damage.

  16. Randomized trial comparing the 22-gauge aspiration and 22-gauge biopsy needles for EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic mass lesions.

    PubMed

    Bang, Ji Young; Hebert-Magee, Shantel; Trevino, Jessica; Ramesh, Jayapal; Varadarajulu, Shyam

    2012-08-01

    To overcome limitations of cytology, biopsy needles have been developed to procure histologic samples during EUS. To compare 22-gauge (G) FNA and 22G biopsy needles (FNB) for EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic masses. Randomized trial. Tertiary-care medical center. This study involved 56 patients with solid pancreatic masses. Sampling of pancreatic masses by using 22G FNA or 22G FNB devices. Compare the median number of passes required to establish the diagnosis, diagnostic sufficiency, technical performance, complication rates, procurement of the histologic core, and quality of the histologic specimen. A total of 28 patients were randomized to the FNA group and 28 to the FNB group. There was no significant difference in median number of passes required to establish the diagnosis (1 [interquartile range 1-2.5] vs 1 [interquartile range 1-1]; P = .21), rates of diagnostic sufficiency (100% vs 89.3%; P = .24), technical failure (0 vs 3.6%; P = 1.0), or complications (3.6% for both) between FNA and FNB needles, respectively. Patients in whom diagnosis was established in passes 1, 2, and 3 were 64.3% versus 67.9%, 10.7% versus 17.9%, and 25% versus 3.6%, respectively, for FNA and FNB cohorts. There was no significant difference in procurement of the histologic core (100% vs 83.3%; P = .26) or the presence of diagnostic histologic specimens (66.7% vs 80%; P = .66) between FNA and FNB cohorts, respectively. Only pancreatic masses were evaluated. Diagnostic sufficiency, technical performance, and safety profiles of FNA and FNB needles are comparable. There was no significant difference in yield or quality of the histologic core between the 2 needle types. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Randomized trial comparing the 22-gauge aspiration and 22-gauge biopsy needles for EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic mass lesions

    PubMed Central

    Bang, Ji Young; Hebert-Magee, Shantel; Trevino, Jessica; Ramesh, Jayapal; Varadarajulu, Shyam

    2014-01-01

    Background: To overcome limitations of cytology, biopsy needles have been developed to procure histologic samples during EUS. Objective: To compare 22-gauge (G) FNA and 22G biopsy needles (FNB) for EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic masses. Design: Randomized trial. Setting: Tertiary-care medical center. Patients: This study involved 56 patients with solid pancreatic masses. Intervention: Sampling of pancreatic masses by using 22G FNA or 22G FNB devices. Main Outcome Measurements: Compare the median number of passes required to establish the diagnosis, diagnostic sufficiency, technical performance, complication rates, procurement of the histologic core, and quality of the histologic specimen. Results: A total of 28 patients were randomized to the FNA group and 28 to the FNB group. There was no significant difference in median number of passes required to establish the diagnosis (1 [interquartile range 1-2.5] vs 1 [interquartile range 1-1]; P = .21), rates of diagnostic sufficiency (100% vs 89.3%; P = .24), technical failure (0 vs 3.6%; P = 1.0), or complications (3.6% for both) between FNA and FNB needles, respectively. Patients in whom diagnosis was established in passes 1, 2, and 3 were 64.3% versus 67.9%, 10.7% versus 17.9%, and 25% versus 3.6%, respectively, for FNA and FNB cohorts. There was no significant difference in procurement of the histologic core (100% vs 83.3%; P = .26) or the presence of diagnostic histologic specimens (66.7% vs 80%; P = .66) between FNA and FNB cohorts, respectively. Limitations: Only pancreatic masses were evaluated. Conclusion: Diagnostic sufficiency, technical performance, and safety profiles of FNA and FNB needles are comparable. There was no significant difference in yield or quality of the histologic core between the 2 needle types. (Clinical trial registration number: AQ:NCT01394159.) (Gastrointest Endosc 2012;76:321-7.) PMID:22658389

  18. [Bone biopsy needles: mechanical properties, needle design and specimen quality].

    PubMed

    Keulers, A; Cunha-Cruz, V C; Bruners, P; Penzkofer, T; Braunschweig, T; Schmitz-Rode, T; Mahnken, A

    2011-03-01

    To quantitatively analyze differences in mechanical properties, needle design including signs of wear, subjective handling and specimen quality of bone biopsy needles. In this study 19 different bone biopsy systems (total 38; 2 /type) were examined. With each biopsy needle five consecutive samples were obtained from vertebral bodies of swine. During puncture a force-torques sensor measured the mechanical properties and subjective handling was assessed. Before and after each biopsy the needles were investigated using a profile projector and signs of wear were recorded. Afterwards, a pathologist semi-quantitatively examined the specimen regarding sample quality. The overall evaluation considered mechanical properties, needle wear, subjective handling and sample quality. Differences were assessed for statistical significance using ANOVA and t-test. Needle diameter (p = 0.003) as well as needle design (p = 0.008) affect the mechanical properties significantly. Franseen design is significantly superior to other needle designs. Besides, length reduction recorded by the profile projector, as a quality criterion showed notable distinctions in between the needle designs. Bone biopsy needles vary significantly in performance. Needle design has an important influence on mechanical properties, handling and specimen quality. Detailed knowledge of those parameters would improve selecting the appropriate bone biopsy needle. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Needle-in-Needle Technique for Percutaneous Retrieval of a Fractured Biopsy Needle during CT-Guided Biopsy of the Thoracic Spine.

    PubMed

    Shaikh, Hamza; Thawani, Jayesh; Pukenas, Bryan

    2014-10-31

    Common complications related to CT-guided percutaneous thoracic bone biopsy procedures include pneumothorax and muscular hematoma. Serious, but rare complications include paralysis, nerve injury, CSF leak, and aortic injury. Device failure has not been well documented in the literature. We discuss our experience with biopsy needle breakage during retrieval of a core specimen and the technique used to help retrieve an embedded needle using a CT fluoroscopic-guided, needle-in-needle approach. A 43 year-old man with Stage IIIa NSCLC was found to have a T11 vertebral body lesion as seen on PET, CT, and MR imaging. The patient underwent a CT-guided biopsy in the prone position. The T11 vertebral body was localized and cannulated using the percutaneous Bonopty(®) (Apriomed, Upsala, Sweden) needle device. After fine needle aspiration samples were obtained, a core needle biopsy was attempted with a 16-gauge device. The needle fractured 4 cm deep to the skin during removal of a sclerotic lesion, leaving a retained portion within the pedicle and vertebral body. Using CT-guided fluoroscopy, a large diameter Murphy M2 needle was advanced over the distal portion of the fractured Bonopty needle. The Murphy M2 needle was advanced distal to the tip of the Bonopty needle and removed, capturing the broken Bonopty penetration needle along with a core specimen. Larger-bore biopsy needle systems and/or a coaxial system should be used to perform core biopsies in sclerotic lesions to prevent device fracture. If there is device fracture, a larger-bore needle may be used to help capture the fractured needle and prevent open surgery.

  20. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesion of the parotid gland in patients at risk for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

    PubMed

    Finfer, M D; Gallo, L; Perchick, A; Schinella, R A; Burstein, D E

    1990-01-01

    Cystic benign lymphoepithelial lesion (BLL), a previously rare lesion of the parotid gland consisting of marked lymphoid hyperplasia with accompanying squamous-lined cysts, has recently been described in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or AIDS risk factors. Thirteen fine needle aspiration (FNA) samples of parotid gland masses from patients with AIDS (one case), AIDS risk factors (five cases) or denial of AIDS risk factors (two cases) and a histopathologic diagnosis of BLL were examined. The FNA features that correlated best with the histopathologic findings were (1) a heterogeneous lymphoid population, (2) scattered single and/or clustered foamy macrophages and (3) superficial and/or anucleated squamous cells. Most aspirates showed some combination of these three components. The differential diagnostic considerations, the clinical and radiologic correlations and the relationship of this lesion to HIV infection are discussed. Patients with parotid masses whose aspirates consist of some combination of squamous cells, lymphocytes and foamy macrophages should be questioned for possible AIDS risk factors.

  1. Pistol-grip Syringe holder (Cameco syringe pistol) in fine needle aspiration Biopsy: any advantages over the use of direct finger grip?

    PubMed

    Mayun, A A; Nggada, H A; Abdulazzez, J O; Musa, A B; Pindiga, U H; Khalil, M I

    2013-06-01

    The study seeks to determine the advantages of using the pistol-grip syringe holder in the performance of FNAB over the use of direct finger grip method. The skin is cleaned with gauze soaked in methylated spirit and the lump is located and firmly held between the thumb and fore finger of the free hand. The syringe is held by the out side of the barrel or by pistol-grip, and the needle tip pushed into the lesion. The plunger is partially retracted, creating a negative pressure. The cutting edge of the needle tip frees the cells inside the lesion which are sucked into the fine bore of the needle. The contents of the needle are then emptied on a microscopic slide and thinly smeared. The slides are then fixed in alcohol and later stained. These were examined under the microscope and a comparison between the aspirations using pistol-grip and direct finger grip was made. A total of 266 cases of FNABs were carried out from 1st January to 31st December, 2008. There were 89 breast cases out of which 42 (47%) had pistol-grip method and 47 (53%) had direct finger grip method; 74 thyroid cases out of which 28 (38%) were pistol-grip and 46 (62%) were direct finger grip cases; 56 cases of lymph node FNABs of which 18(32%) and 38 (68%) had pistol-grip and direct finger grip methods respectively. There were 23 cases of salivary gland FNABs having 8 (35%) and 15 (65%) as pistol-grip and direct finger grip methods respectively. Marked cellularity was observed in the majority of cases using both methods of FNABs. This study has shown that the use of pistol-grip syringe holder in the performance of FNABs has no significant advantage compared to the direct finger grip method.

  2. Core needle biopsy of thyroid nodules - evaluation of diagnostic utility and pain experience.

    PubMed

    Stangierski, Adam; Wolinski, Kosma; Martin, Karolina; Leitgeber, Olena; Ruchala, Marek

    2013-01-01

    A crucial problem in the non-operative diagnosis of thyroid nodules is the significant amount of non-diagnostic biopsies. This is a challenge for practicing endocrinologists especially when the results of the repeated biopsies remain non-diagnostic. The lack of a concrete preoperative diagnosis may result in unnecessary thyroidectomies in patients. Alternatively, it may also lead to the delayed diagnosis of cancer. One method of biopsy specimen acquisition that could potentially increase the diagnostic accuracy of thyroid biopsies is the application of core-needles. The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic value and patient tolerability of core-needle aspiration biopsies (CNAB) with fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB). The study included patients with thyroid nodular goiter in whom previous conventional FNAB yielded non-diagnostic results. CNABs were performed using 22G core-needles. The control group consisted of patients undergoing conventional FNAB with 25G fine-needles. Pain during core-needle biopsies of thyroid nodules was assessed using the 10-point visual analog scale. There were a total of 30 lesions in 26 patients undergoing CNAB (22 women, 4 men, mean age 48.3) and a total of 59 lesions in 40 patients undergoing FNAB (34 women, 6 men, mean age 57.3). 56.6% of CNABs and 50.8% of FNABs were diagnostic (p=0.60). When assessing pain via the visual analog scale, the median score for biopsies performed with core-needles was four. 60.0% of patients considered the pain of core-needle aspiration biopsies to be similar to the pain experienced during the previous conventional fine-needle aspiration biopsies, while 40% of patients claimed that the pain was more intense. CNAB did not prove to be superior to FNAB. Despite the larger needle gauge used during core-needle biopsies, the patients' tolerability was comparable to conventional fine-needle biopsies.

  3. Transbronchial needle aspiration with a new electromagnetically-tracked TBNA needle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Jae; Popa, Teo; Gruionu, Lucian

    2009-02-01

    Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is a common method used to collect tissue for diagnosis of different chest diseases and for staging lung cancer, but the procedure has technical limitations. These limitations are mostly related to the difficulty of accurately placing the biopsy needles into the target mass. Currently, pulmonologists plan TBNA by examining a number of Computed Tomography (CT) scan slices before the operation. Then, they manipulate the bronchoscope down the respiratory track and blindly direct the biopsy. Thus, the biopsy success rate is low. The diagnostic yield of TBNA is approximately 70 percent. To enhance the accuracy of TBNA, we developed a TBNA needle with a tip position that can be electromagnetically tracked. The needle was used to estimate the bronchoscope's tip position and enable the creation of corresponding virtual bronchoscopic images from a preoperative CT scan. The TBNA needle was made with a flexible catheter embedding Wang Transbronchial Histology Needle and a sensor tracked by electromagnetic field generator. We used Aurora system for electromagnetic tracking. We also constructed an image-guided research prototype system incorporating the needle and providing a user-friendly interface to assist the pulmonologist in targeting lesions. To test the feasibility of the accuracy of the newly developed electromagnetically-tracked needle, a phantom study was conducted in the interventional suite at Georgetown University Hospital. Five TBNA simulations with a custom-made phantom with a bronchial tree were performed. The experimental results show that our device has potential to enhance the accuracy of TBNA.

  4. Transthoracic needle aspiration in solitary pulmonary nodule

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Wen; Jiang, Hongli; Khan, Ali Nawaz; Allen, Carolyn; Bertolaccini, Luca

    2017-01-01

    With improved awareness of public health and the recent advances in various imaging technologies, the detection rate of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) is continuously increasing. Transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA) has represented a major approach for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pulmonary masses, owing to its simplicity and minimal invasiveness. This paper demonstrates the role of TTNA in SPN. PMID:28331827

  5. Diagnostic Value of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsies and Pathologic Methods for Benign and Malignant Breast Masses and Axillary Node Assessment

    PubMed Central

    Ahmadinejad, Mojtaba; Hajimaghsoudi, Leila; Pouryaghobi, Seyyed Mohsen; Ahmadinejad, Izadmehr; Ahmadi, Koorosh

    2017-01-01

    Bacground: The goal of this study was to evaluate the fine needle aspiration (FNA) preoperatively together with Touch Print, Crush Print, frozen section and pathologic methods to reach a diagnosis for patients with breast and axillary masses. Methods: This study was conducted on 107 patients, and included 111 samples of breast and 43 of axillary masses taken at surgery. Data on epidemiological and clinical features of the patients were collected using a questionnaire. The results of the methods of FNA, Touch Print, and Crush Print were compared with the results of pathology after operations. Results: Comparison between the diagnosis values of FNA with pathology for breast cancer showed sensitivity, sensitivity, positive predictive values, negative predictive values, positive mendacious percentages, and negative mendacious percentages of 80.4%, 98%, 97.3%, 87.6%, 2%, and 19.6%, respectively, and for metastatic axillary lymph nodes, 80%, 95.6%, 94.1%, 84.6%, 4.4%, and 20%. Comparison of diagnosis values of FNA with Touch Print and Crush Print for breast cancer gave values of 82.2%, 89%, 97.3%, 89%, 1.6%, and 17.8%, respectively, and for metastatic axillary lymph nodes 84.2%, 95.8%, 94.1%, 88.4%, 14.2%, and 15.8%. Conclusion: Use of these methods, compared with pathology, can decrease cost, time, and a need for a second surgery and related complications. PMID:28345843

  6. The fidelity of p16 staining as a surrogate marker of human papillomavirus (HPV) status in fine needle aspirates and core biopsies of neck node metastases: Implications for HPV testing protocols

    PubMed Central

    Holmes, Brittany J.; Maleki, Zahra; Westra, William H.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The importance of detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has resulted in a growing expectation for HPV testing of clinical samples. Although testing protocols vary, most pertain to primary tumor biopsies/resections. Testing of fine needle aspirates and core biopsies (FNACB) is advantageous, but it is unclear whether technical and biologic factors adversely affect the fidelity of HPV detection in these samples. Methods Data was collected for 85 patients with regionally metastatic HNSCC that had undergone FNACB with HPV analysis as part of clinical care. HPV testing consisted of p16 immunostaining and HPV in-situ hybridization (ISH). The FNACBs were compared with the subsequent biopsies/resections for HPV status. Results P16 staining was present in 60 (71%) cases. P16 positivity was predictive of oropharyngeal origin (p<0.001), and correlated with the presence of HPV by ISH (98% correlation). On comparison of the metastases and primary cancers, HPV status was concordant in 58 of 59 cases (98%). Conclusions For patients with metastatic HNSCC, p16 staining reliably reflects HPV status of the primary tumor. P16 staining of FNACBs may obviate the need for more invasive sampling of the primary cancer solely for the purpose of HPV testing. PMID:25765380

  7. The Fidelity of p16 Staining as a Surrogate Marker of Human Papillomavirus Status in Fine-Needle Aspirates and Core Biopsies of Neck Node Metastases: Implications for HPV Testing Protocols.

    PubMed

    Holmes, Brittany J; Maleki, Zahra; Westra, William H

    2015-01-01

    The importance of detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has resulted in a growing expectation for HPV testing of clinical samples. Although testing protocols vary, most pertain to primary tumor biopsies/resections. Testing of fine-needle aspirates and core biopsies (FNACBs) is advantageous, but it is unclear whether technical and biological factors adversely affect the fidelity of HPV detection in these samples. Data was collected for 85 patients with regionally metastatic HNSCC that had undergone FNACB with HPV analysis as part of clinical care. HPV testing consisted of p16 immunostaining and HPV in situ hybridization (ISH). The FNACBs were compared with the subsequent biopsies/resections for HPV status. p16 staining was present in 60 cases (71%). p16 positivity was predictive of oropharyngeal origin (p<0.001) and correlated with the presence of HPV by ISH (98% correlation). On comparison of the metastases and primary cancers, the HPV status was concordant in 58 of 59 cases (98%). For patients with metastatic HNSCC, p16 staining reliably reflects the HPV status of the primary tumor. p16 staining of FNACBs may obviate the need for more invasive sampling of the primary cancer solely for the purpose of HPV testing. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. Radiofrequency Cauterization with Biopsy Introducer Needle

    PubMed Central

    Pritchard, William F.; Wray-Cahen, Diane; Karanian, John W.; Hilbert, Stephen; Wood, Bradford J.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The principal risks of needle biopsy are hemorrhage and implantation of tumor cells in the needle tract. This study compared hemorrhage after liver and kidney biopsy with and without radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the needle tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS Biopsies of liver and kidney were performed in swine through introducer needles modified to allow RF ablation with the distal 2 cm of the needle. After each biopsy, randomization determined whether the site was to undergo RF ablation during withdrawal of the introducer needle. Temperature was measured with a thermistor stylet near the needle tip, with a target temperature of 70°C–100°C with RF ablation. Blood loss was measured as grams of blood absorbed in gauze at the puncture site for 2 minutes after needle withdrawal. Selected specimens were cut for gross examination. RESULTS RF ablation reduced bleeding compared with absence of RF ablation in liver and kidney (P < .01), with mean blood loss reduced 63% and 97%, respectively. Mean amounts of blood loss (±SD) in the liver in the RF and no-RF groups were 2.03 g ± 4.03 (CI, 0.53–3.54 g) and 5.50 g ± 5.58 (CI, 3.33–7.66 g), respectively. Mean amounts of blood loss in the kidney in the RF and no-RF groups were 0.26 g ± 0.32 (CI, −0.01 to 0.53 g) and 8.79 g ± 7.72 (CI, 2.34–15.24 g), respectively. With RF ablation, thermal coagulation of the tissue surrounding the needle tract was observed. CONCLUSION RF ablation of needle biopsy tracts reduced hemorrhage after biopsy in the liver and kidney and may reduce complications of hemorrhage as well as implantation of tumor cells in the tract. PMID:14963187

  9. Prospective validation of microRNA signatures for detecting pancreatic malignant transformation in endoscopic-ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Frampton, Adam E.; Krell, Jonathan; Prado, Mireia Mato; Gall, Tamara M.H.; Abbassi-Ghadi, Nima; Del Vecchio Blanco, Giovanna; Funel, Niccola; Giovannetti, Elisa; Castellano, Leandro; Basyouny, Mohamed; Habib, Nagy A.; Kaltsidis, Harry; Vlavianos, Panagiotis; Stebbing, Justin; Jiao, Long R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal disease. Novel biomarkers are required to aid treatment decisions and improve patient outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially ideal diagnostic biomarkers, as they are stable molecules, and tumour and tissue specific. Results Logistic regression analysis revealed an endoscopic-ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) 2-miRNA classifier (miR-21 + miR-155) capable of distinguishing benign from malignant pancreatic lesions with a sensitivity of 81.5% and a specificity of 85.7% (AUC 0.930). Validation FNA cohorts confirmed both miRNAs were overexpressed in malignant disease, while circulating miRNAs performed poorly. Methods Fifty-five patients with a suspicious pancreatic lesion on cross-sectional imaging were evaluated by EUS-FNA. At echo-endoscopy, the first part of the FNA was sent for cytological assessment and the second part was used for total RNA extraction. Candidate miRNAs were selected after careful review of the literature and expression was quantified by qRT-PCR. Validation was performed on an independent cohort of EUS-FNAs, as well as formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) and plasma samples. Conclusions We provide further evidence for using miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for pancreatic malignancy. We demonstrate the feasibility of using fresh EUS-FNAs to establish miRNA-based signatures unique to pancreatic malignant transformation and the potential to enhance risk stratification and selection for surgery. PMID:27086919

  10. The current role of percutaneous needle biopsies of renal tumours.

    PubMed

    Volpe, Alessandro; Terrone, Carlo; Scarpa, Roberto M

    2009-06-01

    The role of percutaneous biopsy of renal masses has been traditionally limited by concerns about its safety, accuracy and sampling errors. The increasing incidence in the diagnosis of incidental small renal masses (SRMs), the development of conservative and minimally invasive treatments for low risk renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) and the discovery of novel targeted treatments for metastatic disease are now leading to wider indications for renal tumor biopsy. Percutaneous biopsy of renal tumors can be performed in an outpatient setting under ultrasound and/or CT guidance. 18 gauge needles loaded in an automatic biopsy gun are used to retrieve cores and 21 gauge needles to obtain FNA specimens through a 17 gauge coaxial cannula placed close to the tumor. A careful check of the quality of biopsies and aspirates is paramount to maximize the diagnostic yield of the procedure. With the development of new biopsy techniques the risk of tumor seeding appears negligible and significant bleeding is unusual and very rarely clinically significant. In centres with expertise, needle core biopsy with or without FNA can provide adequate specimens for an accurate diagnosis in over 90% of cases. Incidental SRMs are frequently detected in elderly patients and have a very heterogeneous biological behaviour At surgery up to one third have benign histologies and most of those that are malignant are low grade RCCs. Pretreatment percutaneous biopsy can significantly decrease the number of unnecessary surgeries for benign disease and assist the urologist in clinical decision making, especially for elderly and unfit patients who are possible candidates for active surveillance and/or minimally invasive ablative therapies. Finally, there is potential for stratifying initial therapy of metastatic RCC by histological subtype on needle biopsies.

  11. The cellularity yield of three different 22-gauge endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration needles.

    PubMed

    Othman, Mohamed O; Abdelfatah, Mohamed M; Padilla, Osvaldo; Hussinat, Maha; Elhanafi, Sherif; Eloliby, Mohamed; Torabi, Alireza; Hakim, Nawar; Boman, Darius A

    2017-05-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) fine needle aspiration (FNA) is an integral part in the diagnosis of pancreatic, intestinal and extra-intestinal masses or lesions. There is no clear data on the superiority of the core biopsy needle over standard 22-gauge needles. The aim of this study is to prospectively compare the cellularity yield of three commonly used 22-gauge FNA needles available in the US market. This is a prospective, randomized study comparing the cellularity yield of three commercially available EUS needles (two standard FNA needles and core biopsy needle). Two blinded pathologists evaluated the cytology specimens based on an already agreed upon cytology score. We included adult patients (18-80 years old) who presented to our endoscopy unit for FNA of pancreatic or extrapancreatic masses. 109 patients (57 F, 52 M) were recruited to the study, 88 lesions were pancreatic lesions. 39 patients were recruited in the EZ Shot 2™ group, 36 in the Procore(®) group and 34 in the Expect™ group. The average cellularity score and the mean number of passes (SD) were not different between the three needles; P = 0.91 and P = 0.16, respectively. There was no difference between the three needles in obtaining an onsite diagnosis (P = 0.627) and no difference in reported adverse events between the three groups. The cellularity yields, the mean number of passes and reported adverse events were similar in the three compared 22-gauge needles. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:426-432. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. A comparison of tonsillar surface swabbing, fine-needle aspiration core sampling, and dissected tonsillar core biopsy culture in children with recurrent tonsillitis.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Saurav; Sil, Abheek; Sarkar, Soma; Sikder, Biswajit

    2017-06-01

    In recurrent tonsillitis, the pathogenic bacteria are harbored in the tonsil core, and therefore cultures of superficial swab samples are not particularly accurate in identifying specific types of core bacteria. On the other hand, the results of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cultures of core samples have been closely correlated with the findings of core cultures in excised tonsils, and both methods are far superior to surface swabbing. We conducted a prospective study to compare the accuracy of culture findings from tonsillar tissue obtained by surface swabbing, FNA sampling of the tonsil core in situ, and core sampling of the excised tonsil in children with recurrent tonsillitis. Our patient population was made up of 54 children-22 boys and 32 girls, aged 4 to 14 years (mean: 10.7)-who were undergoing elective tonsillectomy during a 1-year period. On the day of surgery, a surface swab, core FNA sample, and dissected core sample were obtained from each patient and sent for culture. Culture showed that the three methods were in agreement in 34 cases (63.0%). In 9 cases (16.7%) the surface swab culture grew different pathogens from those of the two core cultures, and in 3 other cases (5.6%) the surface swab culture was negative while the two core cultures were positive for the same pathogens. In all, the results of core FNA culture and dissected core culture were in agreement in 46 cases (85.2%); in only 4 cases (7.4%) did the core FNA culture fail to accurately identify the causative pathogens. Overall, the sensitivity and specificity of core FNA sampling were 100 and 50% respectively, compared with 82.9 and 30.8% for the superficial tonsillar swab. We conclude that routine culture of surface swab specimens in patients with chronic or recurrent tonsillitis is neither reliable nor valid. We recommend that core FNA sampling be considered the diagnostic method of choice since it can be done on an outpatient basis, it would reliably allow for culture-directed antibiotic

  13. Ultrasound-guided vacuum assisted breast biopsy in the assessment of C3 breast lesions by ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology: results and costs in comparison with surgery.

    PubMed

    Abbate, Francesca; Bacigalupo, Lorenzo; Latronico, Antuono; Trentin, Chiara; Penco, Silvia; Menna, Simona; Viale, Giuseppe; Cassano, Enrico; Bellomi, Massimo

    2009-04-01

    Breast lesions defined C3 at ultrasound (US)-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) are probably benign, but exhibit atypias. We evaluate the results of US-guided vacuum assisted breast biopsy (VABB) of these lesions. Patients diagnosed C3 by US-FNAC, submitted to US-VABB and with a minimum follow-up of 36 months or surgery were enrolled. Cost outcome of this diagnostic protocol was evaluated. We evaluated 138 patients with non-palpable C3 lesions. In 2/138 (1.4%) cases VABB results were inadequate. VABB diagnosed: 17/138 (12.3%) malignant and 119/138 (86.2%) benign lesions. In 28/138 cases (20.3%) surgery retrieved 18/28 (64.3%) malignant lesions. One false negative result of VABB was observed. Sensitivity and specificity of VABB resulted 94.4% and 100%. Our diagnostic algorithm estimated a 45% mean decrease of costs using VABB when compared with surgical biopsy of all C3 lesions.

  14. Transthoracic needle biopsy. What size syringe?

    PubMed

    Yankelevitz, D F; Hayt, D; Henschke, C I

    1995-01-01

    Using a vacuum gauge we demonstrated that with less effort, the identical vacuum can be obtained using a 10-cc syringe as opposed to a 50-cc syringe. We recommend using a 20 cc syringe during transthoracic needle aspiration since the syringe is easier to handle and still allows sufficient vacuum to be developed, even if a small amount of air enters the syringe.

  15. Amebic liver abscess: fine needle aspiration diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Mokhtari, Maral; Kumar, Perikala Vijayananda

    2014-01-01

    To describe the findings in fine needle aspiration (FNA) of an amebic liver abscess (ALA). Seven patients (6 men and 1 woman between 52 and 60 years of age) treated for amebic dysentery with multiple liver lesions were selected for ultrasound (US)-guided FNA. The clinical differential diagnosis was malignancy. Abdominal US of the patients revealed multiple, variably sized, well-defined, hypoechoic, cystic liver lesions. FNA of these lesions was performed. Smears of the aspirated material showed necrotic material with mixed inflammatory cells and Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites consisting of round blue bodies with well-defined borders containing a single, eccentrically located nucleus with central karyosome and engulfed red blood cells in the cytoplasm. There were also Charcot-Leyden crystals. ALA was diagnosed. FNA can yield the correct diagnosis of ALA and allows early initiation of treatment. ALA should be considered in the differential diagnosis of space-occupying lesions of the liver. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Progression of Infection after Surgical CT Navigation-Assisted Aspiration Biopsy of a Vertebral Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Spyropoulou, Vasiliki; Valaikaite, Raimunda; Dhouib, Amira; Dayer, Romain; Ceroni, Dimitri

    2016-01-01

    Background Context. Computed tomography- (CT-) guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body is an important tool in the diagnostic evaluation of vertebral osteomyelitis. The procedure is considered simple to perform and it is considered a safe procedure with few complications. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to describe an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, to better understand the relationship between surgical procedure and complication, and to reflect on how to avoid it. Study Design/Setting. Case report and literature review. Methods. The medical records, laboratory findings, and radiographic imaging studies of an 11-year-old boy, with an unusual complication due to a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, were reviewed. Results. We report a case of vertebral osteomyelitis of L3 caused by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Following a computed tomography-guided aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body of L3, vertebral osteomyelitis rapidly progressed into the vertebral body of L4 as well as the L3-L4 disk. Conclusions. Based on the present case, one should consider that a CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the vertebral body may be complicated by a progression of a vertebral osteomyelitis into both the intervertebral disk and also the adjacent vertebral body. PMID:26949558

  17. Needle Biopsy of the Lung

    MedlinePlus

    ... than surgical biopsy and may not require general anesthesia. Tell your doctor about any recent illnesses or ... and whether you have any allergies, especially to anesthesia. Discuss any medications you’re taking, including herbal ...

  18. Ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of breast lesions.

    PubMed

    Pagani, C; Coscia, D R; Dellabianca, C; Bonardi, M; Alessi, S; Calliada, F

    2011-12-01

    Breast biopsy consists in the collection of cells or tissue fragments from a breast lesion and their analysis by a pathologist. There are several types of breast biopsy defined on the basis of the type of needle used: fine-needle aspiration and biopsy performed with a spring-based needle. This article focuses on fine-needle aspiration performed under sonographic guidance.It is used mainly to assess cysts that appear to contain vegetations or blood or that are associated with symptoms; lesions and solid nodules that are not unequivocally benign; and axillary lymph nodes that appear suspicious on physical examination and/or sonography.In addition to distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions, ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration also plays an important role in tumor grading and in immunocytochemical identifying specific tumor markers. This article describes the technique used and the possible causes of false negative and false positive findings. Despite its limitations, fine-needle aspiration has become a fundamental tool for the identification and preoperative management of malignant breast lesions.

  19. Collision tumor of primary merkel cell carcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, diagnosed on ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy: a unique case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhonghua; Yang, Jing-Jing; Wu, Maoxin

    2015-01-01

    We report an extremely rare case of skin collision tumor between primary Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) first diagnosed on ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNA). A 95-year-old female with a history of CLL presented with a slow growing left malar mass was referred to our clinic for US-FNA. US scan showed a well-defined subcutaneous mass (2.78 cm) with complex echogenicity. On-site assessment showed a cellular aspiration which was interpreted as small blue round cell tumor. On further examination, smears and cell block showed dimorphic populations of relatively larger cells with neuroendocrine features and smaller lymphoid cells. Immunocytochemical studies of cell block sections revealed that the larger cells were positive for CD56, Chromogranin, Synaptophysin, CK8/18, CK20 (dot-like pattern); and the smaller cells were positive for CD45. Flow cytometric analysis showed a majority of CD16/CD56 positive cells, 17% of monoclonal B-cells, and 14% of reactive T cells. The immunophenotype of the monoclonal B cells were of CLL/SLL. The diagnosis of a collision tumor composed of primary MCC and CLL/SLL was confirmed. Surgical resection of the mass one month later concurred with the FNA cytological diagnosis. The fact that surgical specimen displayed a solid tumor with both CLL/SLL and MCC components ruled out the possibility that the FNA merely had MCC with peripheral leukemic blood contaminant. No additional MCC lesion was found in the patient, which ruled out the possibility of metastatic MCC to a lymphomatous lymph node. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. A new posterior iliac puncture/aspiration needle.

    PubMed

    Islam, Anwarul

    2016-03-25

    The needles that are currently used for obtaining bone marrow aspirate samples from the posterior ilium are typically those of 1930s vintage (eg, Klima, Salah or similar needles), which were specifically designed for sternal aspiration. These needles are not designed to obtain bone marrow aspirate samples from the posterior ilium and as a result they are unsatisfactory particularly if the patient is large or obese. A new posterior iliac puncture/aspiration needle has therefore been designed, which is particularly suited for bone marrow aspiration from the posterior ilium. The needle was tested on five cadavers and on five patients. The design and construction of the needle was found to be satisfactory and a marked improvement over the conventional sternal puncture needles particularly when large or obese patients were concerned. The new posterior iliac bone marrow aspiration needle has advantages that overcome the limitations of using a conventional sternal puncture needle to obtain marrow aspirates from the posterior ilium. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  1. Adrenal histoplasmosis: a diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Rana, Chanchal; Kumari, Niraj; Krishnani, Narendra

    2011-06-01

    Histoplasmosis is a fungal disease endemic in central and eastern states of United States, South America, Africa, and Asia. It may present as chronic pulmonary infection or in disseminated form of infection. The disseminated form of histoplasmosis frequently affects the adrenal gland and is more likely to affect immunocompromised patients as compared to immunocompetent individuals. There are very few cases of adrenal histoplasmosis diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology. In the present era when fine needle aspiration has become popular modality for diagnosis, adrenal fine needle aspiration is still a less commonly practiced technique. We report eight cases of adrenal histoplasmosis diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology in patients with bilateral adrenal masses. The present case series supports the role of fine needle aspiration cytology of adrenal gland infections where surgery can be prevented and a definitive diagnosis can be made on which treatment can be offered. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  2. Transthoracic needle biopsy of thoracic tumours by a colour Doppler ultrasound puncture guiding device.

    PubMed Central

    Wang, H. C.; Yu, C. J.; Chang, D. B.; Yuan, A.; Lee, Y. C.; Yang, P. C.; Kuo, S. H.; Luh, K. T.

    1995-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Ultrasound guided transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy has recently been used to obtain specimens for histological diagnosis of pulmonary and mediastinal tumours. Conventional real time, grey scale puncture guiding devices cannot differentiate vascular structures, and clear visualisation of the needle shaft or tip within a desired target is not always possible. This study describes a new built-in colour Doppler ultrasound puncture guiding device and assesses the relative safety of transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy of thoracic tumours by grey scale or colour Doppler ultrasound guidance. METHODS--Thirty patients with radiographic evidence of pulmonary (22 patients) or mediastinal tumours (eight patients) underwent ultrasonographic evaluation and transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy by using the colour Doppler ultrasound puncture guiding device (Aloka UST 5045P-3.5). These tumours were initially examined by grey scale ultrasound, and colour Doppler imaging was then used to evaluate the number of blood vessels surrounding and within the target tumour and the possibility of visualisation of the needle shaft or needle tip during the aspiration biopsy procedure. RESULTS--The colour Doppler ultrasound guiding device was far superior to the grey scale device for identification of the number of vessels surrounding or within the target tumour (83% v 20%) and for visualisation of the needle shaft or needle tip (80% v 17%). CONCLUSIONS--By using the colour Doppler ultrasound puncture device, vascular structures surrounding or within the target tumour can be verified. Visualisation of the needle shaft or tip is also better. Biopsy routes can be selected to avoid puncturing vessels. This approach should be particularly helpful for guiding biopsies of mediastinal tumours, where puncturing the heart or great vessels is a potential complication. Images PMID:8553297

  3. Efficacy of needle biopsy in postradiation thyroid disease

    SciTech Connect

    Rosen, I.B.; Palmer, J.A.; Bain, J.; Strawbridge, H.; Walfish, P.G.

    1983-12-01

    Retrospective review was carried out of 124 patients with nodular disease of the thyroid gland and a history of radiation exposure who had undergone needle aspiration biopsy. Latency period from time of radiation varied from 2 to 50 years; but in 92 patients it exceeded 2 decades. Our patient group included those with occupational exposure and a past history of radiation for cancer. Incidence of cancer in the entire group was 49% but, for solitary lesions, this was increased to 56%, while only a 30% incidence of cancer was found in cases of multinodular goiters. Accuracy of needle aspiration biopsy overall was 74%: for the group with cancer--90%, for the group with adenomas--65%, and for the group with ''benign'' tumors--83%. Further assessment of needle technique indicated a sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 90%, positive predictive value of 90%, and negative predictive value of 83% to 65%. The accuracy could be increased to 84% if all adenomas were considered as possible malignancies. Eighteen percent of our patients had second tumors in the head and neck or breast area. Near-total thyroidectomy was considered to be the preferred procedure without accidental nerve injury and was done in one case of hypoparathyroidism after excision of an extensive tracheal invasive cancer. No evidence of death, recurrence, or metastasis as a result of thyroid cancer has been noted. While needle biopsy is indispensable to intelligent management, the history of radiation to the head and neck area must be preeminent in the selection of patients for surgical treatment. Conservative management appears to be reasonable in those patients with ''benign'' cytology, a less than 1 cm nodule, multinodularity, a functioning thyroid scan result, but persistence in the face of a lack of response to conservative management does not appear to be warranted.

  4. Harmonic contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration: Fact or fiction?

    PubMed

    Seicean, Andrada; Jinga, Mariana

    2017-01-01

    The negative predictive value of endoscopic ultrasonography fine-needle aspiration is relatively low. To achieve the improvement of the diagnostic yield, the following were proposed: a higher number of passes, the presence of the rapid on-site cytopathologist evaluation, the fanning technique, or the repetition of the fine needle biopsy. Harmonic contrast-enhanced endosonography may better identify the targeted area in the lesions by avoiding the inside necrosis and the vessels of fibrosis, so it can guide the fine-needle aspiration. Both techniques are complementary, not competitive, and they can be done in the same session. The combined technique is simple, safe, and requires only a few minutes with minimal extra costs compared to standard fine-needle aspiration. It minimally increases the diagnostic rate, and it permits the decrease of the number of passes. However, we will know its real clinical impact only in the future and whether it will be incorporated into the lesion assessment process.

  5. Biopsy needle tips with markers--MR compatible needles for high-precision needle tip positioning.

    PubMed

    Müller-Bierl, Bernd M; Martirosian, Petros; Graf, Hansjörg; Boss, Andreas; König, Claudius; Pereira, Philippe L; Schick, Fritz

    2008-06-01

    Needle tip visualization is of high importance in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided interventional procedures, for example for taking biopsies from suspicious lesions in the liver or kidney. The exact position of the needle tip is often obscured by image artifacts arising from the magnetic properties of the needle. The authors investigated two special biopsy needle tip designs using diamagnetic coatings. For common interventional MR sequences, the needle tip can be identified in the MR image by several equidistant dark spots arranged along a straight line. A dotted instead of a solid line allows for an improved control of the movement of the needle, not only if the needle is tilted toward the imaging plane, but also if the needle leaves an empty canal with signal extinction, which cannot be distinguished from the needle material itself. With the proposed design the position of the needle tip can be estimated with a precision of approximately 1 mm using conventional FLASH, FISP, and TSE sequences, as used for interventional MR. Furthermore, the size of the biopsy probe can be estimated from the artifact. In using needles with a properly designed tip coating, taking biopsies under MR control is beginning to be greatly simplified. The approach to design artifacts using diamagnetic material in combination with paramagnetic material paves the way toward new instruments and implants, suitably tailored to the needs of the interventional radiologist.

  6. Fine needle aspiration cytology in fibromatosis

    PubMed Central

    Tanwar, Pranay; Gupta, Nalini; Vasishta, Rakesh Kumar; Singh, Gurpreet

    2012-01-01

    Fibromatosis form a spectrum of clinicopathologic entities characterized by the infiltrative proliferation of fibroblasts that lack malignant cytologic features. The fibromatosis can be localized or infiltrative and multicentric and can involve internal tissues and organs as the mesentery, retroperitoneum, breast, and almost every organ and region of the body, including the bones, the meninges and the central nervous system. We report a case of 37-year-old male who presented with a right supraclavicular mass with superficial infiltrative type of fibromatosis and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was performed. We report this case because of limited literature of FNAC in fibromatosis and quick role of FNAC in the diagnosis of fibromatosis. PMID:22438623

  7. Chest Wall Dissemination of Nocardiosis after Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Shimamoto, Hiroshi Inaba, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Hidekazu; Sato, Yozo; Kamiya, Mika; Miyazaki, Masaya; Arai, Yasuaki; Horio, Yoshitsugu

    2007-07-15

    We described a case of chest wall dissemination after percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. A 65-year-old man had a lung nodule which was suspected to be lung carcinoma. He underwent percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy using an 18G semiautomated biopsy needle and pathologic diagnosis showed organizing pneumonia. Two months after the biopsy, chest wall dissemination occurred. Implantation of carcinoma along the biopsy route was suspected, but the mass was actually due to pulmonary nocardiosis.

  8. Fine needle aspiration in the clinical management of mammary masses.

    PubMed

    Place, R; Velanovich, V; Carter, P

    1993-07-01

    The role of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for clinical decision-making in patients with nodules of the breast remains in evolution. We retrospectively studied FNA outcomes in 183 patients, stratified by decades of age, to determine the reliability of FNA cytologic examination. Using Bayesian analysis, the predictive value of a positive FNA for women more than 60 years of age is 98 to 99 percent. In women 41 to 60 years of age, those with a first-degree relative with carcinoma of the breast and those with a prior biopsy with increased risk have an 88 to 95 percent likelihood of carcinoma. In women younger than 41 years of age, this likelihood decreases to 65 percent. Additionally, the probability of a lump being carcinoma, given the FNA was negative, ranges from 3 to 80 percent. Therefore, biopsy of a dominant nodule should not be deferred based only on a negative FNA. We can conclude that women 61 years of age or older could be counseled for definitive care at the first operation. Women 41 to 60 years of age, those with a positive family history or those with a past biopsy with increased risk, could be counseled for definitive therapy, but have the diagnosis confirmed with frozen section. Women less than 40 years of age without other risk factors receive no diagnostic benefit from FNA and should only be evaluated with open biopsy.

  9. Transthoracic needle aspiration: the past, present and future

    PubMed Central

    Chockalingam, Arun

    2015-01-01

    Transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA) has been used to diagnose disease in the lung for many decades. Thanks to advances in technology and cytopathology, the diagnostic power, accuracy, safety, and efficacy of TTNA are constantly improving. The transition from fluoroscopy to computed tomography (CT) has yielded better visualization, and ability to enhance sophistication of tools used to biopsy. In addition, needles are being refined for obtaining better biopsy samples and increased capabilities. Because of the minimally invasive nature of TTNA, it is becoming a strong alternative to surgical intervention. In the future, these developments will continue and TTNA will become more efficient, and potentially open a door to personalized medicine. However, there are complications due to this procedure, which include pneumothorax, hemorrhage, air embolism, and others which are very rare. Probability of complication increases when patients are older, have significant past medical history, have larger lesions, and are uncooperative during procedure. Indications, contraindications, and other considerations should be contemplated before a patient is elected for TTNA. PMID:26807277

  10. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Diagnosis of Pure Neuritic Leprosy

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Bipin; Pradhan, Anju

    2011-01-01

    Leprosy is a chronic infection affecting mainly the skin and peripheral nerve. Pure neuritic form of this disease manifests by involvement of the nerve in the absence of skin lesions. Therefore, it can sometimes create a diagnostic problem. It often requires a nerve biopsy for diagnosis, which is an invasive procedure and may lead to neural deficit. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of an affected nerve can be a valuable and less invasive procedure for the diagnosis of such cases. We report five suspected cases of pure neuritic Hansen's disease involving the common and superficial peroneal, ulnar, and median nerve, who underwent FNAC. Smears revealed nerve fibers infiltrated by chronic inflammatory cells in all cases, presence of epithelioid cells granulomas, and Langhans giant cells in three cases, and acid fast bacilli in two cases. In conclusion, FNAC is a safe, less invasive, and time saving procedure for the diagnosis of pure neuritic leprosy. PMID:21660285

  11. The clinical utility of combining pre-operative axillary ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration cytology with radionuclide guided sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer patients with palpable axillary lymph nodes.

    PubMed

    Usmani, Sharjeel; Ahmed, Najeeb; Al Saleh, Noha; abu Huda, Fawaz; Amanguno, Henney G; Amir, Thasneem; al Kandari, Farida

    2015-12-01

    Clinically palpable lymph nodes (CPLN) are usually considered a contraindication to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) but one third of these patients are node negative. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of combining SLNB and preoperative axillary ultrasonography (AUS) with FNAC in patients with clinically palpable but indeterminate axillary lymph nodes. Fifty three patients with primary breast cancer and CPLN (mean age, 51.6 years; median age 51 years; age range, 28-73 years) were included in the study. All patients underwent AUS and fine needle aspiration (FNAC) followed by SLNB in FNAC negative patients (Group A). Patients with proven metastasis subsequently had axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) (Group B). Standard SLN scintigraphy was performed 2-4h before surgery by injecting Tc-99m labeled nano-colloid intra-dermally in the periareolar region. Nodal metastases were documented at FNAC in 26 (49%) of the 53 patients with subsequent ALND (Group B). All 27 patients (51%) with negative FNAC results (Group A) underwent SLNB, which revealed metastasis in 6 (11%) patients. The remaining 21 (40%) patients were tumor negative and all these patients remain disease free during the follow-up period of 12-36 months with NPV of 100%. SLN was identified in all patients (100% success rate). Preoperative AUS sensitivity was 78%, specificity 76%, PPV 83%, NPV 69% and accuracy 77% (p=0.001). In comparison, ultrasound guided FNAC sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 81%, 100%, 100%, 78%, 89% respectively (p=0.001). The inaccuracy of clinical assessment allows widening of indication of SLNB. Preoperative ultrasonography and guided FNAC can help in selecting the patients suitable for ALND or SLNB. Patients who are FNAC positive can proceed to ALND whilst FNAC negative samples can undergo SLNB. This combination strategy may be helpful in avoiding unnecessary ALND. Copyright © 2015

  12. Analysis of correlation between the process of thyroid fibrosis and TGFB1 gene expression level in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) thyroid specimens collected from patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and non-toxic goitre.

    PubMed

    Cyniak-Magierska, A; Januszkiewicz-Caulier, J; Brzeziańska, E; Lewiński, A

    2010-07-01

    Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) stimulates the production of various extracellular matrix components; at the same time, it inhibits matrix degradation. These actions of TGFB1 contribute to tissue repair, however, an altered expression of TGFB1 can be a causative factor of fibrosis processes, including thyroid fibrosis which follows chronic thyroiditis. The aim of our study was to examine a potential correlation between TGFB1 gene expression level in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) thyroid specimens and fibrosis of the thyroid gland in two types of thyroid lesions. Fibrosis of the thyroid tissue was assessed, based on the expression levels of fibrosis-associated genes (COL1A1 and COL3A1) in thyroid FNAB samples, on the FNAB specimen cellularity and other features of the tissue fibrosis assessed during cytological examination, as well as on the size of thyroid gland and its function. Following routine cytological examination, 63 thyroid FNAB specimens, received from patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT, n=30) and non-toxic goitre (NTG, n=33), were quantitatively evaluated regarding TGFB1, COL1A1 and COL3A1 expression level by real-time PCR in the ABI PRISM 7500 Sequence Detection System. The obtained results showed statistically significant differences regarding the expression level (RQ) of TGFB1 and of COL1A1 genes between the groups with HT and with NTG (higher expression in HT group). No significant differences, concerning the expression level of COL3A1 gene, were observed for the studied groups (HT vs. NTG). In HT group statistically significant correlation was found between TGFB1 gene and COL3A1 gene expression levels (p<0.05). The correlation in question might suggest excessive extracellular matrix deposition and could--possibly--contribute to thyroid fibrosis mechanism in the course of chronic thyroiditis.

  13. A Cohort Study of Thyroid Cancer and Other Thyroid Diseases After the Chornobyl Accident. Cyto-Histopathologic Correlation and Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Nodules Detected During the First Screening in Ukraine (1998-2000)

    PubMed Central

    Bozhok, Yuriy; Greenebaum, Ellen; Bogdanova, Tetyana I.; McConnell, Robert J.; Zelinskaya, Anna; Brenner, Alina V.; Zurnadzhy, Lyudmyla Y.; Zablotska, Lydia; Tronko, Mykola D.; Hatch, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Background The Ukrainian American Cohort Study was established to evaluate the risk of thyroid disorders in a group exposed as children and adolescents to 131I by the Chornobyl accident (arithmetic mean thyroid dose=0.79 Gray). Subjects are screened by palpation and ultrasound and referred to surgery according to fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA). However, the accuracy of FNA cytology for detecting histopathologically confirmed malignancy following this level of internal exposure to radioiodines is unknown. Methods As a result of the first screening cycle (1998-2000), 13,243 individuals were examined, 356 with thyroid nodules were referred for FNA, 288 completed the procedure, 85 were referred to surgery, 82 were operated upon, and pre-operative cytology was available for review in 78. Cytological interpretation for the nodule that resulted in surgical referral was correlated with final pathomorphology; discrepancies were retrospectively reviewed; and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of FNA cytology were calculated. Results All 24 cytological interpretations definite for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) were histopathologically confirmed (PPV=100%) and of 11 suspect for PTC, 10 were confirmed (PPV=90.9%). Ten of 41 FNAs interpreted as either definite or suspect for follicular neoplasm (FN) were confirmed as malignant (PPV=24.4%): 2 follicular thyroid cancers (FTC) and 8 PTCs (all but one of the follicular or mixed subtypes). Depending on whether a cytological interpretation of FN was considered a “positive” or “negative”, sensitivity was 100% or 77.3%, respectively; similarly, specificity was 17.6% or 97.1 %, PPV 61.1% or 97.1% and NPV 100% or 76.7%. Conclusions Among children and adolescents exposed to 131I following Chornobyl and evaluated 12 to 14 years later, thyroid cytology has a sensitivity and predictive value similar to that reported in unexposed populations. PMID:19365829

  14. A Cohort Study of Thyroid Cancer and Other Thyroid Diseases After the Chornobyl Accident. Cyto-Histopathologic Correlation and Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Nodules Detected During the First Screening in Ukraine (1998-2000)

    PubMed Central

    Bozhok, Yuriy; Greenebaum, Ellen; Bogdanova, Tetyana I.; McConnell, Robert J.; Zelinskaya, Anna; Brenner, Alina V.; Zurnadzhy, Lyudmyla Y.; Zablotska, Lydia; Tronko, Mykola D.; Hatch, Maureen

    2009-01-01

    Background The Ukrainian American Cohort Study was established to evaluate the risk of thyroid disorders in a group exposed as children and adolescents to 131I by the Chornobyl accident (arithmetic mean thyroid dose=0.79Gray). Subjects are screened by palpation and ultrasound and referred to surgery according to fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA). However, the accuracy of FNA cytology for detecting histopathologically confirmed malignancy following this level of internal exposure to radioiodines is unknown. Methods As a result of the first screening cycle (1998-2000), 13,243 individuals were examined, 356 with thyroid nodules were referred for FNA, 288 completed the procedure, 85 were referred to surgery, 82 were operated upon, and pre-operative cytology was available for review in 78. Cytological interpretation for the nodule that resulted in surgical referral was correlated with final pathomorphology; discrepancies were retrospectively reviewed; and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of FNA cytology were calculated. Results All 24 cytological interpretations definite for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) were histopathologically confirmed (PPV=100%) and of 11 suspect for PTC, 10 were confirmed (PPV=90.9%). Ten of 41 FNAs interpreted as either definite or suspect for follicular neoplasm (FN) were confirmed as malignant (PPV=24.4%): 2 follicular thyroid cancers (FTC) and 8 PTCs (all but one of the follicular or mixed subtypes). Depending on whether a cytological interpretation of FN was considered a “positive” or “negative”, sensitivity was 100% or 77.3%, respectively; similarly, specificity was 17.6% or 97.1 %, PPV 61.1% or 97.1% and NPV 100% or 76.7%. Conclusions Among children and adolescents exposed to 131I following Chornobyl and evaluated 12 to 14 years later, thyroid cytology has a sensitivity and predictive value similar to that reported in unexposed populations PMID:17083123

  15. Getting to the point: indications for fine-needle aspiration of internal organs and bone.

    PubMed

    Wypij, Jackie M

    2011-05-01

    The technique of fine-needle biopsy (fine-needle aspiration or fine-needle fenestration) for cytologic evaluation can be extended to many sites beyond the traditional lymph node and skin. Intra-abdominal, intrathoracic, and bone lesions can be easily and rapidly evaluated cytologically. Percutaneous fine-needle aspiration and fine-needle fenestration are useful, accurate, and inexpensive techniques with a rapid turnaround time, and outpatient applicability. For most pets, these minimally invasive techniques do not require anesthesia or analgesia. Although risks are inherent with any invasive procedure, complications are uncommon even with visceral and intrathoracic fine-needle biopsy. Attention to appropriate technique and close patient monitoring minimize the morbidity and improve the diagnostic utility. The low cost, low risk, minimal invasiveness, and high diagnostic yield make fine-needle biopsy particularly attractive to clients. In combination with ultrasound guidance and newer staining techniques, these diagnostic procedures are invaluable to the veterinary clinician. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in children with superficial lymphadenopathy.

    PubMed

    De Corti, F; Cecchetto, G; Vendraminelli, R; Mognato, G

    2014-01-01

    In pediatric population Fine-Needle Aspiration Citology (FNAC) is slowly gaining acceptance in clinical management of Superficial Lymphadenopathy (SL). Our experience adds some data about the usefulness of this technique in diagnosing the cause of a SL and therefore guiding further treatment. 238 FNAC were performed in 217 patients with SL, observed at our Institution from 2002 to 2006. The neck was the most frequent localization. The results were available within few hours. In cases of granulomatous findings, the samples were processed for microbiological and PCR test, in order to identify Mycobacteria. 174 were reactive lesions, 38 granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 24 malignant lesions, 2 specimens inadequate for diagnosis. Among the 174 reactive SL, 22 required an incisional biopsy after 1 month follow-up. Among the granulomatous lymphadenopathies, 13 children with Cat-Scratch Disease recovered, 25 with Mycobacteria infection underwent surgical excision. For 24 malignant lesions, the diagnosis was confirmed by further biopsy. Two false negative and no false positive were detected (sensitivity 92%, specificity 100%). No complications were encountered. In our experience FNAC, performed by experienced cytopathologist, has revealed to be a fast, safe, non invasive and inexpensive method to achieve diagnosis in persistent SL. The use of FNAC gave us the possibility to select patients for further investigation and/or surgical treatment. Incisional biopsy remains necessary to confirm the diagnosis in case of malignancy or doubtful lesions.

  17. Transrectal fine needle aspiration cytology of granulomatous prostatitis.

    PubMed

    Mondal, A; Mukherjee, B; Ghosh, E

    1994-07-01

    Transrectal fine needle aspiration cytology by Franzen technique was carried out from January, 1985 till January, 1992 on 567 patients having prostatomegaly which were suspicious of malignancy by clinical per rectal examination. Granulomatous prostatitis was diagnosed in 56 cases. Analysis showed 34 cases were tuberculous prostatitis and 22 cases were nonspecific granulomatous prostatitis. Comparison of aspiration cytology with bacteriological study of the aspirated material and histopathology showed correct diagnosis of granulomatous prostatitis by fine needle aspiration. The findings indicate that transrectal fine needle aspiration cytology is a reliable procedure for diagnosis of granulomatous prostatitis which can clinically mimic prostatic malignancy when it presents as a diffuse or nodular enlargement with firm to hard consistency.

  18. Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration in community practice

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) provides an opportunity to diagnose mediastinal lesions and stage bronchogenic carcinoma in a minimally invasive fashion. The procedure is easy to learn and requires zero upfront cost. Any community pulmonologist can acquire and maintain the skills of C-TBNA without undergoing formal interventional pulmonary fellowship training. Besides being used for the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer, C-TBNA can be used in patients suspected to have benign conditions such as sarcoidosis and tuberculosis. It also contributes in improving the diagnostic yield of flexible bronchoscopy while dealing with endobronchial, submucosal, peribronchial, or peripheral lesions. C-TBNA may be the only diagnostic modality that can be performed in patients in whom mediastinoscopy is contraindicated due to a bleeding diathesis. The procedure is safe and has great potential to augment the welfare of patients with pulmonary ailments. The learning curve of the procedure is short and steep. Every community pulmonologist should be able to perform C-TBNA. PMID:26807272

  19. Hollow needle cataract aspiration in antiquity.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Cambrodí, Rafael J; Ascaso, Francisco J; Diab, Fathi; Alzamora-Rodríguez, Antonio; Grzybowski, Andrzej

    2015-12-01

    The dislocation of the crystalline lens or couching technique was the predominant procedure to surgically remove cataracts until the 18th century A.D. However, in the Middle Ages, some Arab physicians tried to aspirate the opaque lens by means of a glass tube following a paracentesis. Some literary sources attributed the origins of this technique to Antyllus of Alexandria, a Greek surgeon who lived in the 2nd century A.D. in the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, this statement remains unclear and is probably the consequence of posterior interpretations or incorrect translations of the manuscripts. In recent years, the discovery of the hollow needles from Montbellet (France) and Viladamat (Spain), in archaeological settlements dated between the 1st century and 3rd century A.D., has reopened the possibility of cataract extraction as an option in the surgical management of soft cataracts in the antiquity. In any case, these findings are exceptional, and thus, probably this technique was not widely practised and very likely disparaged by the medical community.

  20. Conchotome and needle percutaneous biopsy of skeletal muscle.

    PubMed Central

    Dietrichson, P; Coakley, J; Smith, P E; Griffiths, R D; Helliwell, T R; Edwards, R H

    1987-01-01

    Percutaneous muscle biopsy is an important and acceptable technique in the study of conditions involving human skeletal muscle. A review of 436 conchotome and needle muscle biopsies obtained over 18 months in this centre is presented. Images PMID:3694206

  1. Pulmonary crystal-storing histiocytosis diagnosed by computed tomography-guided fine-needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Todd, William U; Drabick, Joseph J; Benninghoff, Michael G; Frauenhoffer, Elizabeth E; Zander, Dani S

    2010-04-01

    Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare process most often occurring in conjunction with an underlying hematopoietic neoplasm, usually multiple myeloma or low-grade B-cell lymphoma. We report the first case of pulmonary CSH diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. A patient with a history of urothelial carcinoma developed a lung nodule, which was evaluated by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Cytologic examination revealed macrophages with abundant cytoplasmic crystals diagnostic of CSH. Based on this cytologic interpretation, additional clinical laboratory evaluation was pursued and revealed a previously unknown monoclonal serum protein. CSH must be differentiated from other non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions and when diagnosed, should trigger a search for an underlying lymphoproliferative disorder.

  2. Needle tract seeding after percutaneous biopsy of sarcoma: Risk/benefit considerations.

    PubMed

    Berger-Richardson, David; Swallow, Carol J

    2017-02-15

    To evaluate histologic subtype and grade, which in turn guide the decision making for multimodality therapy, the workup of suspected sarcoma requires more material than can be obtained from a fine-needle aspiration. Either open or percutaneous core needle biopsy is indicated before a management decision is made. Percutaneous biopsy of a potentially malignant lesion is controversial, given the perceived potential for tumor seeding along the needle tract. However, the evidence that the latter is a significant risk is weak at best. To the authors' knowledge, among cases of patients with extremity sarcoma who have undergone core needle biopsy, only a few cases of needle tract seeding have been reported to date. Although en bloc excision of the needle tract with the primary tumor is often performed, this practice is not associated with improved oncologic outcomes; the evidence for excision of the needle tract is poor. For patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors, there is a theoretical risk of peritoneal dissemination after percutaneous biopsy, but to the authors' knowledge this remains unproven. Although endoscopic ultrasound is the preferred route for biopsy among patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors, percutaneous biopsy is indicated if endoscopic ultrasound is unsuitable or unavailable. In the setting of retroperitoneal sarcoma, a review of pooled data from 4 large tertiary care referral centers demonstrated a risk of needle tract seeding of 0.37%. The authors concluded that the benefits of pretreatment biopsy in patients with mesenchymal tumors outweigh the potential risks of needle tract seeding. Cancer 2017;123:560-567. © 2016 American Cancer Society. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

  3. Transbronchial Catheter Aspiration and Transbronchial Needle Aspiration in the Diagnostic Workup of Peripheral Lung Lesions.

    PubMed

    Franke, Karl-Josef; Hein, Melanie; Domanski, Ulrike; Nilius, Georg; Schroeder, Maik; Wohlschlaeger, Jeremias; Theegarten, Dirk

    2015-10-01

    Increasingly frequent, it is clinically indicated to obtain tissue from a peripheral lung lesion (PLL) to yield a pathological diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) and transbronchial catheter aspiration (TBCA) in addition to transbronchial forceps biopsy (TBB) at conventional bronchoscopy. Eligible patients showing a PLL on computed tomography scans were included in the study. In all patients, following TBB, TBNA and TBCA were employed in randomised order under fluoroscopy. Fourty-eight patients were enrolled, of whom 46 patients with 46 PLLs were included in the analysis. The mean ± SD diameter of the PLL was 27.0 ± 13.3 mm. The overall sensitivity for all modalities was 69.6%; PLL ≤20 or >20 and ≤30 mm in diameter showed a sensitivity of 60.0 and 72.2%, respectively. For malignant PLL (n = 33), the combined sensitivity of TBNA + TBCA versus TBB was significantly higher (63.6 vs. 33.3%, p ≤ 0.05), and could not further be improved by TBB. For benign PLL, TBB was superior to TBNA + TBCA (76.9 vs. 38.5%). TBB, TBNA and TBCA are complementary to one another. Combining the three techniques, even allows transbronchial specimen collection of PLL <3 cm in diameter at conventional bronchoscopy.

  4. Disseminated blastomycosis diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration of the thyroid.

    PubMed

    Harvey, Aaron M; Mody, Dina R; Amrikachi, Mojgan

    2011-06-01

    Blastomycosis is an uncommon disease caused by the dimorphic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. It can manifest as chronic pulmonary symptoms or disseminated disease. Only three previous cases of blastomycosis involving the thyroid have been reported, of which two were diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration. We present a case of disseminated blastomycosis initially diagnosed by thyroid fine-needle aspiration. Our case was a 47-year-old man with past medical history significant for diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and chronic pancreatitis who presented with a 2-week history of fever, chills, rigors, constipation, and 10 pound weight loss. Abdominal CT revealed chronic pancreatitis and a calcified mass in the pancreas. Chest CT revealed a single 1.5-2 cm thyroid mass and innumerably small 2-3 mm pulmonary nodule bilaterally. Fine-needle aspiration of the thyroid demonstrated 10-20 μm broad-based budding yeasts with thick-walled, refractile capsules amidst a background of granulomatous inflammation, and was diagnosed as a fungal infection consistent with blastomycosis. The patient was started on treatment with itraconazole based upon the FNA diagnosis. Concurrent lung biopsy demonstrated rare possible yeast forms on histology. A specimen from the lung was sent for culture, and was positive for B. dermatitidis, confirming the diagnosis. Disseminated blastomycosis rarely involves the thyroid. However, the thyroid is amenable to fine-needle aspiration. Fungal and mycobacterial cultures and special stains for fungal organisms should be requested on all thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies with granulomatous inflammation. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. Acute Suppurative Thyroiditis Accompanied by Thyrotoxicosis after Fine-Needle Aspiration: Treatment with Catheter Drainage

    PubMed Central

    Demirpolat, Gulen; Aydin, Mehtap

    2014-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is commonly used in the diagnosis of thyroid diseases. Serious complications are rare and this procedure is generally safe. Acute supurative thyroiditis (AST) after FNA has been seldomly reported. We report a case of a 57-year-old women with diabetes mellitus who developed AST with thyrotoxicosis after FNA. She was successfully treated by sonographically guided percutaneous drainage and antithyroid agent. PMID:25584265

  6. First-Line Use of Core Needle Biopsy for High-Yield Preliminary Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules.

    PubMed

    Kim, H C; Kim, Y J; Han, H Y; Yi, J M; Baek, J H; Park, S Y; Seo, J Y; Kim, K W

    2017-02-01

    Although core needle biopsy was introduced as a diagnostic alternative to fine-needle aspiration, the utility and safety of core needle biopsy for thyroid nodules in a large population has yet to be studied comprehensively. We evaluate core needle biopsy yields on a large-scale basis to investigate its potential in the preliminary diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Between March 2005 and December 2013, 2448 initially detected thyroid nodules from 2120 consecutive patients who underwent core needle biopsy were retrospectively evaluated. Of these, 72 thyroid nodules from 63 patients were excluded due to prior fine-needle aspiration attempts. The inconclusive and conclusive result rates, diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and unnecessary surgery rate of core needle biopsy were evaluated. With core needle biopsy as the first-line method, the inconclusive result rate was 11.9% (283/2376) and the conclusive result rate was 88.1% (2093/2376). The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of core needle biopsy for the diagnosis of malignancy were 96.7% (1160/1200), 89.7% (347/387), 100% (813/813), 100% (347/347), and 95.3% (813/853), respectively. There were no major complications and 12 minor complications. We have demonstrated that first-line use of core needle biopsy may well improve diagnostic accuracy in thyroid nodules, reducing inconclusive or false-negative results and unnecessary operations. Such benefits underscore the promising role of core needle biopsy in managing thyroid nodules and optimizing related surgical decision-making. © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  7. Ultrasound-guided needle aspiration of amoebic liver abscess.

    PubMed Central

    Ramani, A.; Ramani, R.; Kumar, M. S.; Lakhkar, B. N.; Kundaje, G. N.

    1993-01-01

    This prospective study was carried out on 200 patients with clinically, ultrasonographically and serologically confirmed amoebic liver abscess. The role of ultrasound-guided needle aspiration in addition to medications was evaluated compared to drug treatment alone. Both the groups were monitored clinically and sonographically for up to 6 months after diagnosis. The initial response (after 15 days) was better in the aspirated group (P < 0.05) but resolution of abscess after 6 months were similar. There was a more rapid clinical response in the aspirated group, particularly in those with larger (> 6 cm) abscesses and there were no complications. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided needle aspiration is a safe diagnostic and therapeutic approach which enhances clinical recovery, accelerates resolution, especially in large abscesses, and prevents complications. PMID:8346134

  8. Aspiration biopsy of testis: another method for histologic examination

    SciTech Connect

    Nseyo, U.O.; Englander, L.S.; Huben, R.P.; Pontes, J.E.

    1984-08-01

    The most important method for evaluating the pathogenesis of male infertility is open testicular biopsy. Herein the authors describe a method of aspiration biopsy of testis for histologic examination. Sexually mature dogs and rats treated with chemotherapeutic agents and ionizing radiation were followed with periodic testicular aspiration biopsy during and after treatment. The histologic findings from the aspiration biopsy compare with the results of routine histologic examination in assessing spermatogenetic activity and delineating pathologic changes. The puncture in the experimental animals was performed under general anesthesia. In human patients testicular biopsy could be done under local anesthesia in an outpatient clinic. The procedure would be less painful, minimally invasive, and more cost-effective.

  9. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Guided Vacuum Assisted and Core Needle Biopsies.

    PubMed

    Kılıç, Fahrettin; Eren, Abdulkadir; Tunç, Necmettin; Velidedeoğlu, Mehmet; Bakan, Selim; Aydoğan, Fatih; Çelik, Varol; Gazioğlu, Ertuğrul; Yılmaz, Mehmet Halit

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study to present the results of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided cutting needle biopsy procedures of suspicious breast lesions that can be solely detected on Magnetic resonance (MR) examination. The study included 48 patients with 48 lesions which were solely be observed in breast MRI, indistinguishable in ultrasonography and mammography, for MR guided vacuum-assisted cutting needle biopsy and 42 patients with 42 lesions for MR guided cutting needle biopsy for the lesions of the same nature. MR imaging was performed using a 1.5-Tesla MRI device. Acquired MR images were determined and biopsy protocol was performed using computer-aided diagnosis system on the workstation. Vacuum biopsies were performed using 10 G or 12 G automatic biopsy systems, cutting needle biopsy procedures were performed using fully automated 12 G biopsy needle. All biopsy procedures were finalized successfully without major complications. The lesions were 54 mass (60%), 28 were non-mass contrast enhancement (31%) and 8 were foci (9%) in the MR examination. Histopathological evaluation revealed 18 malignant (invasive, in-situ ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma), 66 benign (apocrine metaplasia, fibrosis, fibroadenomatoid lesion, sclerosing adenosis, fibrocystic disease and mild-to-severe epithelial proliferation) and 6 high-risk (atypical ductal hyperplasia, intraductal papilloma, radial scar) lesions. Magnetic resonance guided vacuum and cutting needle biopsy methods are successful methods fort he evaluation of solely MRI detected suspicious breast lesions. There are several advantages relative to each other in both methods.

  10. Toward improving fine needle aspiration cytology by applying Raman microspectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker-Putsche, Melanie; Bocklitz, Thomas; Clement, Joachim; Rösch, Petra; Popp, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    Medical diagnosis of biopsies performed by fine needle aspiration has to be very reliable. Therefore, pathologists/cytologists need additional biochemical information on single cancer cells for an accurate diagnosis. Accordingly, we applied three different classification models for discriminating various features of six breast cancer cell lines by analyzing Raman microspectroscopic data. The statistical evaluations are implemented by linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machines (SVM). For the first model, a total of 61,580 Raman spectra from 110 single cells are discriminated at the cell-line level with an accuracy of 99.52% using an SVM. The LDA classification based on Raman data achieved an accuracy of 94.04% by discriminating cell lines by their origin (solid tumor versus pleural effusion). In the third model, Raman cell spectra are classified by their cancer subtypes. LDA results show an accuracy of 97.45% and specificities of 97.78%, 99.11%, and 98.97% for the subtypes basal-like, HER2+/ER-, and luminal, respectively. These subtypes are confirmed by gene expression patterns, which are important prognostic features in diagnosis. This work shows the applicability of Raman spectroscopy and statistical data handling in analyzing cancer-relevant biochemical information for advanced medical diagnosis on the single-cell level.

  11. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Viguer, José M; Jiménez-Heffernan, José A; López-Ferrer, Pilar; Banaclocha, Marcos; Vicandi, Blanca

    2005-04-01

    Cytological features of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) were reviewed in an attempt to select cytological criteria that permit a specific recognition of metastases. For this purpose, 54 fine-needle aspiration (FNA) procedures from 43 patients with NPC were analyzed. Thirty-two (59.3%) procedures were performed before the histological diagnosis. In 25 (46.3%) procedures, smears showed many neoplastic single cells, clusters, and abundant lymphoid cells (mixed pattern). A dissociated (single cell) pattern consisting of individual neoplastic and lymphoid cells was seen in 18 (33.3%) cases. Finally, 11 (20.4%) cases showed cohesive epithelial clusters (cohesive pattern) without relevant cellular dissociation or lymphoid cells. Squamous-cell differentiation was seen in three of these cases. Most single neoplastic cells presented as large, pleomorphic naked nuclei. Other interesting findings were granulomas (n = 3), prominent eosinophilic infiltrates (n = 4), and suppurative changes (n = 5). In most smears with mixed and dissociated patterns, a nasopharyngeal origin could be suggested. On the contrary, those smears with a cohesive pattern were indistinguishable from other head and neck carcinomas. The presence (on cervical lymph nodes) of a dissociated or mixed (single cells and groups) architectural pattern of large, anaplastic cells and naked nuclei accompanied by an abundant lymphoid component is highly suggestive of undifferentiated NPC. Cytology offers a rapid diagnosis, establishes the necessity of a complete cavum examination, and helps in avoiding unnecessary and harmful biopsies.

  12. Fine needle aspiration of the thyroid

    MedlinePlus

    ... put the needle. Ultrasound and CT scans are painless procedures that show images inside the body. Pressure ... Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. About MedlinePlus Site Map ...

  13. Pneumothorax after transthoracic needle biopsy of lung lesions under CT guidance

    PubMed Central

    Boskovic, Tatjana; Stanic, Jelena; Pena-Karan, Slobodanka; Drevelegas, Kostas; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Mpakas, Andreas; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Kesisis, Georgios; Tsiouda, Theodora; Kougioumtzi, Ioanna; Arikas, Stamatis; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

    2014-01-01

    Transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) is done with imaging guidance and most frequently by a radiologist, for the aim is to diagnose a defined mass. It is integral in the diagnosis and treatment of many thoracic diseases, and is an important alternative to more invasive surgical procedures. FNAC is a method of aspiration cytopathology, which with transthoracic biopsy (“core biopsy”) is a group of percutaneous minimally invasive diagnostic procedures for exploration of lung lesions. Needle choice depends mostly upon lesion characteristics and location. A recent innovation in biopsy needles has been the introduction of automatic core biopsy needle devices that yield large specimens and improve the diagnostic accuracy of needle biopsy. Both computed tomography and ultrasound may be used as imaging guidance for TTNB, with CT being more commonly utilized. Common complications of TTNB include pneumothorax and hemoptysis. The incidence of pneumothorax in patients undergoing TTNB has been reported to be from 9-54%, according to reports published in the past ten years, with an average of around 20%. Which factors statistically correlate with the frequency of pneumothorax remain controversial, but most reports have suggested that lesion size, depth and the presence of emphysema are the main factors influencing the incidence of pneumothorax after CT-guided needle biopsy. On the contrary, gender, age, and the number of pleural passes have not been shown to correlate with the incidence of pneumothorax. The problem most responsible for complicating outpatient management, after needle biopsy was performed, is not the presence of the pneumothorax per se, but an increase in the size of the pneumothorax that requires chest tube placement and patient hospitalization. Although it is a widely accepted procedure with relatively few complications, precise planning and detailed knowledge of various aspects of the biopsy procedure is mandatory to avert complications. PMID:24672704

  14. Percutaneous Biopsy of Osteoid Osteomas Prior to Percutaneous Treatment Using Two Different Biopsy Needles

    SciTech Connect

    Laredo, Jean-Denis Hamze, Bassam; Jeribi, Riadh

    2009-09-15

    Biopsy is usually performed as the first step in percutaneous treatment of osteoid osteomas prior to laser photocoagulation. At our institution, 117 patients with a presumed diagnosis of osteoid osteoma had a trephine biopsy before a percutaneous laser photocoagulation. Biopsies were made using two different types of needles. A Bonopty biopsy needle (14-gauge cannula, 16-gauge trephine needle; Radi Medical Systems, Uppsala, Sweden) was used in 65 patients, and a Laurane biopsy needle (11-gauge cannula, 12.5-gauge trephine needle; Laurane Medical, Saint-Arnoult, France) in 43 patients. Overall biopsy results were positive for osteoid osteoma in 83 (70.9%) of the 117 cases. The Laurane needle provided a significantly higher positive rate (81.4%) than the Bonopty needle (66.1%; p < 0.05). This difference was not due to the size of the nidus, which was similar in the two groups (p < 0.05) and may be an effect of differences in needle caliber (12.5 vs. 14 gauge) as well as differences in needle design. The rate of positive biopsy results obtained in the present series with the Laurane biopsy needle is, to our knowledge, the highest rate reported in series dealing with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and laser photocoagulation of osteoid osteomas.

  15. Near Infrared Spectroscopy for Improving Breast Core Needle Biopsy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-01

    Breast Core Needle Biopsy PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Torre Michelle Bydlon CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Duke University Durham...Core Needle Biopsy 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-04-1-0340 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Torre Michelle Bydlon 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...al. Surgical biopsy to diagnose breast cancer adversely affects outcomes of breast cancer care: finding from the National Comprehensive Cancer

  16. Neck schwannoma diagnosed by core needle biopsy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nasrollah, N; Trimboli, P; Bianchi, D; Taccogna, S

    2015-12-01

    Here we present a case of a 58 year old man referred to our hospital to undergo neck and thyroid ultrasonography (US) following palpable neck mass. US revealed a solid hypoechoic nodule in right thyroid lobe, and a solid lesion on the right laterocervical neck region with ultrasound suspicious features of neoplastic lymph node. In order to achieve a diagnosis of the neck mass and to get a proper evaluation of the thyroid nodule, we decided to perform a fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of both lesions. At cytopathologic examination the thyroid nodule appeared as benign, while cytologic sampling of the neck lesion was inadequate for a proper evaluation. Thus, we performed core needle biopsy (CNB) of the neck lesion like recently proposed for thyroid lesions; also, to definitively exclude malignancy of thyroid nodule, this also underwent CNB. Histologic report of CNB confirmed benign thyroid nodule, while the neck lesion revealed a proliferation of neuronal type consistent with schwannoma. The patient has been addressed to clinical and ultrasonographic follow-up. CNB appears as a safe and minimally-invasive approach to diagnose indeterminate neck masses and avoid unnecessary diagnostic surgery.

  17. Thyroid Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology Results.

    PubMed

    Manning, Amy M; Yang, Huaitao; Falciglia, Mercedes; Mark, Jonathan R; Steward, David L

    2017-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate changes in distribution of reported thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytopathology results since implementation of the Bethesda classification and revised 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for selecting nodules for biopsy. Study Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Evaluation of ultrasound (US)-guided thyroid FNA by a single surgeon using 2015 ATA nodule selection criteria and Bethesda reporting on 211 thyroid nodules in a 1-year period (2015). Comparison is made to an earlier sample wherein any nodule >1 cm underwent US FNA with cytology reported prior to Bethesda consensus (2006). Results The current cohort involved mostly women (79%); nodules ranged from 1 to 7 cm (mean ± SEM, 2.4 ± 0.07 cm). Mean ± SEM age was 53.5 ± 1.1 years. Bethesda reporting yielded 6% nondiagnostic, 57% benign, 3% malignant, and 34% indeterminate (27% atypia of undetermined significance [AUS]/follicular lesion of undetermined significance [FLUS], 4% follicular neoplasm [FN]/Hürthle neoplasm [HN], and 2% suspicious for malignancy [SFM]). The malignancy rate in indeterminate nodules was 26% (18% AUS/FLUS, 33% FN/HN, and 80% SFM). Age, sex, or nodule size did not correlate with indeterminate cytology. The comparator sample of 447 nodules had significantly different distribution, with 7% nondiagnostic, 80% benign, 5% malignant, and 8% indeterminate ( P < .00001). Conclusion We observed a significantly increased proportion of indeterminate cytology and corresponding decrease in benign nodules compared with an earlier sample, predominately from an increase in AUS/FLUS. Multiple factors are likely involved, including selection of sonographically suspicious nodules for biopsy based upon 2015 ATA guidelines coupled with cytopathological interpretation by a new generation of cytopathologists trained in the era of Bethesda reporting; further study is required to make a definitive conclusion.

  18. Percutaneous computed tomography-guided aspiration and biopsy of intrathoracic lesions: Results of 265 procedures

    PubMed Central

    Neyaz, Zafar; Lal, Hira; Thakral, Anuj; Nath, Alok; Rao, Ram Naval; Verma, Ritu

    2016-01-01

    Context: Percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided needle aspiration and biopsy technique have developed over time as a method for obtaining tissue specimen. Although this is a minimally invasive procedure, complications do occasionally occur. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield and complications of 265 percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures performed on various intrathoracic lesions. Settings and Design: Data of percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures of intrathoracic lesions performed over a 4 year period were retrospectively analyzed. Subjects and Methods: Procedure details, radiological images, and pathological and microbiological reports were retrieved from radiology records and hospital information system. Technical success, diagnostic yield, and complication rates were calculated. Results: Total 265 procedures were performed for lung (n = 179), mediastinum (n = 73), and pleural lesions (n = 13). Diagnostic yield for lung, mediastinal, and pleural lesions was 80.7%, 74.2, and 75%, respectively, for core biopsy specimens. Major complication was noted in only one procedure (0.4%). Minor complications were noted in 13.6% procedures which could be managed conservatively. Conclusions: Percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures for intrathoracic lesions are reasonably safe with good diagnostic yield. Complications are infrequent and conservatively managed in most of the cases. PMID:27890990

  19. Accuracy of core needle biopsy for musculoskeletal tumours.

    PubMed

    Seng, Chusheng; Png, Wenxian; Tan, Mann Hong

    2013-04-01

    To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of core needle biopsy in determining musculoskeletal tumours in our hospital. Records of 134 patients who underwent core needle biopsy followed by definitive surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Results of the core needle biopsy were compared with those of the final histology. Histology was classified into benign versus malignant, and bony versus soft-tissue lesions. The sensitivity and specificity of core needle biopsy were calculated. Based on final histology, there were 33 bone tumours (3 benign and 30 malignant), 74 soft-tissue tumours (6 benign and 68 malignant), 11 schwannomas (7 benign and 4 malignant), and 16 inflammatory/necrotic (benign) lesions. For 118 (88%) tumours, the biopsy results matched the final histological results. For 7 tumours, biopsy results were non-diagnostic, as the amount of tissue obtained was insufficient. For 9 tumours, biopsy results did not match the final histological results; 5 considered benign but turned out to be malignant, one considered malignant but turned out to be benign, and 3 were correctly identified as malignant but incorrectly subtyped. The sensitivity and specificity of core needle biopsy were 95% (97/102) and 97% (31/32), respectively, assuming that the 7 non-diagnostic tumours were correctly diagnosed. Core needle biopsy is an accurate and reliable diagnostic tool for musculoskeletal tumours if performed by skilled persons and adequate tissue is obtained.

  20. Needle tract seeding following core biopsies in retroperitoneal sarcoma.

    PubMed

    Van Houdt, W J; Schrijver, A M; Cohen-Hallaleh, R B; Memos, N; Fotiadis, N; Smith, M J; Hayes, A J; Van Coevorden, F; Strauss, D C

    2017-09-01

    Retroperitoneal tumours often require a preoperative core needle biopsy to establish a histological diagnosis. Literature is scarce regarding the risk of biopsies in retroperitoneal sarcomas, so the aim of this study is to identify the potential risks of core needle biopsies causing needle tract recurrences or local recurrences. Patients who underwent resection of a primary retroperitoneal sarcoma between 1990 and 2014 were identified from a prospectively maintained database from two tertiary referral centres. Patient demographics, tumour characteristics and biopsy techniques were examined. The primary endpoint was needle tract recurrence and local intra-abdominal recurrence. 498 patients were included in the analysis. The most common histological subtypes were liposarcoma (66%) and leiomyosarcoma (18%). Of the 498 patients that underwent resection, 255 patients were diagnosed with a preoperative biopsy. Five patients (2%) developed a biopsy site recurrence: 3 patients with leiomyosarcomas and 2 patients with dedifferentiated liposarcomas. All biopsy site recurrences occurred after trans-abdominal biopsies and were not performed with a co-axial technique. There was no significant difference in local recurrence rate between the patients with or without a biopsy (=0.30) or for the biopsy route (trans-abdominal or trans-retroperitoneal (p = 0.72)). The risk of a needle tract metastasis after core needle biopsy for retroperitoneal sarcoma is very low but not zero. The safest method seems a trans-retroperitoneal approach with a co-axial technique. Local recurrence rate is not altered after doing a core needle biopsy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd, BASO ~ The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.

  1. Steerable real-time sonographically guided needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Buonocore, E; Skipper, G J

    1981-02-01

    A method for dynamic real-time ultrasonic guidance for percutaneous needle biopsy has been successful in obtaining cytologic and histologic specimens from abdominal masses. The system depends on a real-time ultrasonic transducer that has been rigidly attached to a laterally placed steerable needle holder. Using simple trigonometric functions, a chart has been derived that gives the exact angulation and needle length to produce quick, reliable, guided needle placements. Examples of successful renal, hepatobiliary, and retroperitoneal biopsies are presented. Advantages of this technique include speed, accuracy, low cost, three-dimensional format, and the omission of contrast media and radiation.

  2. Automated Analysis of PIN-4 Stained Prostate Needle Biopsies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabata, Bikash; Babenko, Boris; Monroe, Robert; Srinivas, Chukka

    Prostate Needle biopsies are stained with the PIN-4 marker cocktail to help the pathologist distinguish between HGPIN and adenocarcinoma. The correct interpretation of multiple IHC markers can be challenging. Therefore we propose the use of computer aided diagnosis algorithms for the identification and classification of glands in a whole slide image of prostate needle biopsy. The paper presents the different issues related to the automated analysis of prostate needle biopsies and the approach taken by BioImagene in its first generation algorithms.

  3. The Role of Core Needle Biopsy and Its Impact on Surgical Management in Patients with Medullary Thyroid Cancer: Clinical Experience at 3 Medical Institutions.

    PubMed

    Ha, E J; Baek, J H; Na, D G; Kim, J-h; Kim, J K; Min, H S; Song, D E; Lee, K E; Shong, Y K

    2015-08-01

    Medullary thyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy that is challenging to diagnose. Our aim was to present our experience using core needle biopsy for the diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma compared with fine-needle aspiration. Between January 2000 and March 2012, 202 thyroid nodules in 191 patients were diagnosed as medullary thyroid cancer by using sonography-guided fine-needle aspiration, core needle biopsy, or surgery. One hundred eighty-three thyroid nodules in 172 patients were included on the basis of the final diagnosis. We evaluated the sensitivity and positive predictive value of fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy for the diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer. We compared the rate of a delayed diagnosis, a diagnostic surgery, and surgery with an incorrect diagnosis for fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy and investigated the factors related to the fine-needle aspiration misdiagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer. Fine-needle aspiration showed 43.8% sensitivity and 85.1% positive predictive value for the diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer; 25.7% (44/171) of patients had a delayed diagnosis, while 18.7% (32/171) underwent an operation for accurate diagnosis, and 20.5% (35/171) underwent an operation with an incorrect diagnosis. Core needle biopsy achieved 100% sensitivity and positive predictive value without a delay in diagnosis (0/22), the need for a diagnostic operation (0/22), or an operation for an incorrect diagnosis (0/22). A calcitonin level of <100 pg/mL was the only significant factor for predicting the fine-needle aspiration misdiagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer (P = .034). Core needle biopsy showed a superior sensitivity and positive predictive value to fine-needle aspiration and could optimize the surgical management in patients with medullary thyroid cancer. Because the ability of fine-needle aspiration to diagnose medullary thyroid cancer significantly decreases in patients with serum calcitonin levels of

  4. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration needles: which one and in what situation?

    PubMed

    Karadsheh, Zeid; Al-Haddad, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is increasingly used as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for pancreatic and other gastrointestinal disorders. Several factors affect the outcome of EUS-FNA, one of which is needle size. The decision to use a specific needle depends on factors including location, consistency, and type of the lesion; presence of onsite cytopathologist; and need for additional tissue procurement for histology. This review provides a balanced perspective on the use of different needle sizes available, highlighting the differences among them and potential niche applications of each to maximize diagnostic yield of EUS-FNA. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Giardia lamblia infection diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Carter, J Elliot; Nelson, John J; Eves, Matthew; Boudreaux, Carole

    2007-06-01

    The protozoan Giardia lamblia is a major cause of gastrointestinal disease worldwide. We report the case of a 59-yr-old male who presented to his primary care physician with complaints of abdominal pain and weight loss. Imaging studies revealed a liver mass and a pancreatic head mass. Biopsy of the liver mass proved to be benign, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the mass in the head of the pancreas showed no evidence of malignancy; however, numerous pear-shaped, binucleated, flagellated organisms morphologically consistent with trophozoites of Giardia lamblia were identified in the specimen. With the increasing use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for sampling of gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, and pancreatic lesions, cytopathologists examining such specimens will need to be familiar with the diagnostic characteristics of this protozoal parasite.

  6. Invasive aspergillosis diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration of the thyroid gland.

    PubMed

    Torres, A M; Agrawal, S; Peters, S; Khurana, K; Feiglin, D; Schroeder, E; Izquierdo, R

    1999-11-01

    Invasive aspergillosis has been increasingly recognized as causing significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients but has never been diagnosed by fine-needle thyroid aspiration. A 24-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematosus presented with cough, shortness of breath, and fever of unknown origin unresponsive to broad-spectrum antibiotics. History and physical examination failed to indicate a source of infection. An 111In white blood cell scan showed thyroid localization. Physical examination revealed a multinodular goiter with a left dominant nodule. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of a thyroid nodule revealed branching hyphae suggestive of Aspergillus sp. Despite immediate and aggressive treatment with amphotericin B and fluconazole, the patient died of overwhelming infection.

  7. Use of Electromagnetic Navigational Transthoracic Needle Aspiration (E-TTNA) for Sampling of Lung Nodules.

    PubMed

    Arias, Sixto; Lee, Hans; Semaan, Roy; Frimpong, Bernice; Ortiz, Ricardo; Feller-Kopman, David; Oakjones-Burgess, Karen; Yarmus, Lonny

    2015-05-23

    Lung nodule evaluation represents a clinical challenge especially in patients with intermediate risk for malignancy. Multiple technologies are presently available to sample nodules for pathological diagnosis. Those technologies can be divided into bronchoscopic and non-bronchoscopic interventions. Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy is being extensively used for the endobronchial approach to peripheral lung nodules but has been hindered by anatomic challenges resulting in a 70% diagnostic yield. Electromagnetic navigational guided transthoracic needle lung biopsy is novel non-bronchoscopic method that uses a percutaneous electromagnetic tip tracked needle to obtain core biopsy specimens. Electromagnetic navigational transthoracic needle aspiration complements bronchoscopic techniques potentially allowing the provider to maximize the diagnostic yield during one single procedure. This article describes a novel integrated diagnostic approach to pulmonary lung nodules. We propose the use of endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for mediastinal staging; radial EBUS, navigational bronchoscopy and E-TTNA during one single procedure to maximize diagnostic yield and minimize the number of invasive procedures needed to obtain a diagnosis. This manuscript describes in detail how the navigation transthoracic procedure is performed. Additional clinical studies are needed to determine the clinical utility of this novel technology.

  8. Harmonic contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration: Fact or fiction?

    PubMed Central

    Seicean, Andrada; Jinga, Mariana

    2017-01-01

    The negative predictive value of endoscopic ultrasonography fine-needle aspiration is relatively low. To achieve the improvement of the diagnostic yield, the following were proposed: a higher number of passes, the presence of the rapid on-site cytopathologist evaluation, the fanning technique, or the repetition of the fine needle biopsy. Harmonic contrast-enhanced endosonography may better identify the targeted area in the lesions by avoiding the inside necrosis and the vessels of fibrosis, so it can guide the fine-needle aspiration. Both techniques are complementary, not competitive, and they can be done in the same session. The combined technique is simple, safe, and requires only a few minutes with minimal extra costs compared to standard fine-needle aspiration. It minimally increases the diagnostic rate, and it permits the decrease of the number of passes. However, we will know its real clinical impact only in the future and whether it will be incorporated into the lesion assessment process. PMID:28218198

  9. Ultrasound-guided thyroid nodule fine-needle biopsies--comparison of sample adequacy with different sampling techniques, different needle sizes, and with/without onsite cytological analysis.

    PubMed

    Cerit, Mahinur; Yücel, Cem; Göçün, Pınar Uyar; Poyraz, Aylar; Cerit, Ethem Turgay; Taneri, Ferit

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic adequacy of thyroid samples obtained by aspiration or capillary biopsy techniques, with 22 or 27 gauge needles, and with or without on-site cytological analysis (OCA). Four hundred patients with thyroid nodules underwent ultrasound (US)-guided fine-needle biopsies. Patients were divided into eight groups according to needle size (22 vs. 27 gauge), biopsy technique (aspiration vs. capillary), and whether or not OCA was performed. Sample adequacy rates were calculated for each group and subgroups and compared using chi-square tests. When all nodes were evaluated (n = 400), the adequacy rate was significantly greater with the capillary than with the aspiration technique (97% vs. 91.5%, p = 0.032) and when OCA was than was not performed (97% vs. 91.5%, p = 0.032). When only solid nodules were evaluated (n = 205) the adequacy rate was also significantly greater with the capillary than with the aspiration technique (98.9% vs. 89.7%, p = 0.008) and when OCA was than was not performed (97.9% vs. 89.6%, p = 0.014). In contrast, the adequacy rate was similar for 22 and 27 gauge needles (94.2% vs. 93.1%, p = 0.733). Optimal results were obtained with the capillary technique and OCA. The capillary technique and OCA should be the preferred approach in thyroid nodule biopsy, optimising adequacy rates and patient comfort.

  10. Midkine and pleiotrophin concentrations in needle biopsies of breast and lung masses.

    PubMed

    Giamanco, Nicole M; Jee, Youn Hee; Wellstein, Anton; Shriver, Craig D; Summers, Thomas A; Baron, Jeffrey

    2017-09-07

    Midkine (MDK) and pleiotrophin (PTN) are two closely related heparin-binding growth factors which are overexpressed in a wide variety of human cancers. We hypothesized that the concentrations of these factors in washout of biopsy needles would be higher in breast and lung cancer than in benign lesions. Seventy subjects underwent pre-operative core needle biopsies of 78 breast masses (16 malignancies). In 11 subjects, fine needle aspiration was performed ex vivo on 7 non-small cell lung cancers and 11 normal lung specimens within surgically excised lung tissue. The biopsy needle was washed with buffer for immunoassay. The MDK/DNA and the PTN/DNA ratio in most of the malignant breast masses were similar to the ratios in benign masses except one lobular carcinoma in situ (24-fold higher PTN/DNA ratio than the average benign mass). The MDK/DNA and PTN/DNA ratio were similar in most malignant and normal lung tissue except one squamous cell carcinoma (38-fold higher MDK/DNA ratio than the average of normal lung tissue). Both MDK and PTN are readily measurable in washout of needle biopsy samples from breast and lung masses and levels are highly elevated only in a specific subset of these malignancies.

  11. Fine-Needle Aspiration in the Evaluation of Thyroid Neoplasms.

    PubMed

    Oertel, Yolanda C.

    1997-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a safe, rapid, and accurate diagnostic tool. Although it continues to gain acceptance, the pace is slow. Probably, if more pathologists master the basics (i.e., learn how to obtain a good sample), this simple technique could be utilized to its fullest advantage. If the sample is not adequate or representative of the lesion, the diagnosis will not be correct. Based on personal experience, we believe that suction should be minimal when obtaining thyroid aspirates. Cytologic diagnostic criteria for the most common neoplasms of the thyroid gland are provided.

  12. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Guided Vacuum Assisted and Core Needle Biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Kılıç, Fahrettin; Eren, Abdulkadir; Tunç, Necmettin; Velidedeoğlu, Mehmet; Bakan, Selim; Aydoğan, Fatih; Çelik, Varol; Gazioğlu, Ertuğrul; Yılmaz, Mehmet Halit

    2016-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study to present the results of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided cutting needle biopsy procedures of suspicious breast lesions that can be solely detected on Magnetic resonance (MR) examination. Materials and Methods The study included 48 patients with 48 lesions which were solely be observed in breast MRI, indistinguishable in ultrasonography and mammography, for MR guided vacuum-assisted cutting needle biopsy and 42 patients with 42 lesions for MR guided cutting needle biopsy for the lesions of the same nature. MR imaging was performed using a 1.5-Tesla MRI device. Acquired MR images were determined and biopsy protocol was performed using computer-aided diagnosis system on the workstation. Vacuum biopsies were performed using 10 G or 12 G automatic biopsy systems, cutting needle biopsy procedures were performed using fully automated 12 G biopsy needle. Results All biopsy procedures were finalized successfully without major complications. The lesions were 54 mass (60%), 28 were non-mass contrast enhancement (31%) and 8 were foci (9%) in the MR examination. Histopathological evaluation revealed 18 malignant (invasive, in-situ ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma), 66 benign (apocrine metaplasia, fibrosis, fibroadenomatoid lesion, sclerosing adenosis, fibrocystic disease and mild-to-severe epithelial proliferation) and 6 high-risk (atypical ductal hyperplasia, intraductal papilloma, radial scar) lesions. Conclusion Magnetic resonance guided vacuum and cutting needle biopsy methods are successful methods fort he evaluation of solely MRI detected suspicious breast lesions. There are several advantages relative to each other in both methods. PMID:28331727

  13. Pathology Reporting of Thyroid Core Needle Biopsy: A Proposal of the Korean Endocrine Pathology Thyroid Core Needle Biopsy Study Group.

    PubMed

    Jung, Chan Kwon; Min, Hye Sook; Park, Hyo Jin; Song, Dong Eun; Kim, Jang Hee; Park, So Yeon; Yoo, Hyunju; Shin, Mi Kyung

    2015-07-01

    In recent years throughout Korea, the use of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) has become common for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules. However, there is no consensus on the pathology reporting system for thyroid CNB. The Korean Endocrine Pathology Thyroid Core Needle Biopsy Study Group held a conference on thyroid CNB pathology and developed guidelines through contributions from the participants. This article discusses the outcome of the discussions that led to a consensus on the pathology reporting of thyroid CNB.

  14. MR-compatible biopsy needle with enhanced tip force sensing.

    PubMed

    Elayaperumal, Santhi; Bae, Jung Hwa; Christensen, David; Cutkosky, Mark R; Daniel, Bruce L; Costa, Joannes M; Black, Richard J; Faridian, Fereydoun; Moslehi, Behzad

    2013-04-01

    We describe an instrumented biopsy needle that provides physicians the capability to sense interaction forces directly at the tip of the needle's inner stylet. The sensors consist of optical fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs), and are unaffected by electromagnetic fields; hence the needle is suitable for MR-guided procedures. In comparison to previous instrumented needles that measure bending strains, the new design has additional sensors and a series of micro-machined holes at the tip. The holes increase strain sensitivity, especially to axial forces, without significantly reducing the stiffness or strength. A comparison of the dynamic forces measured with the new needle and those obtained using a force/torque sensor at the needle base shows that the enhanced tip sensitivity is particularly noticeable when there is significant friction along the needle sleeve.

  15. Laparoscopic kidney biopsy in dogs: Comparison of cup forceps and core needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Park, Jiyoung; Lee, Jinwoo; Lee, Hae-Beom; Jeong, Seong Mok

    2017-02-01

    To investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic kidney biopsy with cup biopsy forceps in dogs (CupBF), and to compare to the use of a core biopsy needle (CoreBN). Experimental; randomized, controlled design. Eight healthy, adult Beagle dogs. Dogs were randomized to undergo laparoscopic biopsy of the right kidney using either 5 mm CupBF or a 16 gauge CoreBN. Intraoperative hemorrhage of the biopsy site was monitored. Biopsy quality was evaluated for tissue fragmentation and crushing, presence of renal cortex with or without medulla, and number of glomeruli. Postoperative packed cell volume, urinalysis, and ultrasonographic appearance of the biopsy site were evaluated. Biopsy specimens were obtained by both techniques and reliable hemostasis was achieved with direct compression in all dogs. The histologic score for CupBF biopsies was not significantly different from CoreBN biopsies. One CoreBN biopsy contained both renal cortex and medullar, while all CupBF biopsies contained cortex only. The mean (SD) number of glomeruli was significantly higher in CupBF biopsies [60 (9.1)] than CoreBN biopsies [26 (4.3)]. There was no gross hematuria, perirenal hematoma, or hydronephrosis in any dog postoperative. Laparoscopic kidney biopsy in dogs using 5 mm cup biopsy forceps is feasible with minimal risk and more glomeruli obtained compared to laparoscopic kidney biopsy using 16 gauge core biopsy needles. © 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  16. Riedel thyroiditis: Fine needle aspiration findings of a rare entity.

    PubMed

    Weidner, Anna-Sophie; Molina, David; DeSimone, Robert A; Cohen, Marc A; Giorgadze, Tamar; Scognamiglio, Theresa; Hoda, Rana S

    2015-09-01

    Riedel thyroiditis is a rare fibrosing disorder characterized by extension of the fibroinflammatory process beyond the thyroid capsule. Due to the nature of this lesion, fine-needle aspiration often yields scant material and may be interpreted as non-diagnostic. In this report, we describe cytologic features that allow the cytopathologist to favor a diagnosis of Riedel thyroiditis, thereby guiding appropriate further work-up and management.

  17. Percutaneous biopsy of the renal mass: FNA or core needle biopsy?

    PubMed

    Yang, Chi-Shun; Choi, Euna; Idrees, Muhammad T; Chen, Shaoxiong; Wu, Howard H

    2017-06-01

    In recent years, there have been increasing indications for percutaneous renal biopsy. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA), with or without core needle biopsy (CB), has been used increasingly in the management of renal tumors at the study institution. A computerized search of laboratory records was conducted to retrieve FNA cases of renal masses as well as the correlating CB and/or nephrectomy specimens. The cases spanned a period of 10 years (2006-2015). The diagnoses were classified into 5 categories: malignant, suspicious for malignancy, neoplastic, atypical, and negative/nondiagnostic. Based on the results of the nephrectomy specimens, the diagnostic rate, sensitivity, and diagnostic accuracy were calculated among 3 groups of specimens: FNA only, CB only, and combined FNA and CB. A total of 247 cases of FNA with 123 correlating CB and 101 follow-up nephrectomy specimens were identified. The diagnostic rate, sensitivity, and diagnostic accuracy were 72%, 78%, and 96%, respectively, for FNA; 87%, 92%, and 94%, respectively, for CB; and 92%, 92%, and 94%, respectively, for the combined FNA and CB group. Renal cell carcinoma and its variants were the most common histologic diagnoses (112 of 174 cases; 64%). Significant diagnostic discrepancy was noted in one case: a malignant melanoma that was misdiagnosed as renal cell carcinoma in both the preoperative FNA specimen and in the CB specimen. In the current study, both FNA and CB demonstrated excellent diagnostic accuracy (96% and 94%, respectively). The combination of FNA and CB was found to significantly improve the diagnostic rate when compared with either FNA alone (92% vs 72%; P<.05) or CB alone (92% vs 87%). Cancer Cytopathol 2017;125:407-15. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

  18. Pulmonary artery sarcoma diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Shingyoji, Masato; Ikebe, Dai; Itakura, Meiji; Nakajima, Takahiro; Itami, Makiko; Kimura, Hideki; Iizasa, Toshihiko

    2013-08-01

    Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare tumor that is often detected at an advanced stage, when disease is so widespread that a radical surgical procedure is no longer indicated. Therefore, less invasive biopsy techniques are required to establish a definitive preoperative diagnosis. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is useful for producing real-time images of both lymph nodes and the interior of pulmonary arteries adjacent to the bronchi. We report a case with masslike lesions in the pulmonary artery that were observed by EBUS and from which tissue was obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) to establish a diagnosis of PAS.

  19. MR-compatible biopsy needle with enhanced tip force sensing

    PubMed Central

    Elayaperumal, Santhi; Bae, Jung Hwa; Christensen, David; Cutkosky, Mark R.; Daniel, Bruce L.; Costa, Joannes M.; Black, Richard J.; Faridian, Fereydoun; Moslehi, Behzad

    2015-01-01

    We describe an instrumented biopsy needle that provides physicians the capability to sense interaction forces directly at the tip of the needle’s inner stylet. The sensors consist of optical fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs), and are unaffected by electromagnetic fields; hence the needle is suitable for MR-guided procedures. In comparison to previous instrumented needles that measure bending strains, the new design has additional sensors and a series of micro-machined holes at the tip. The holes increase strain sensitivity, especially to axial forces, without significantly reducing the stiffness or strength. A comparison of the dynamic forces measured with the new needle and those obtained using a force/torque sensor at the needle base shows that the enhanced tip sensitivity is particularly noticeable when there is significant friction along the needle sleeve. PMID:26509189

  20. Comparison of fully automated and semi-automated biopsy needles for lung biopsy under CT fluoroscopic guidance

    PubMed Central

    Yoshimatsu, R; Yamagami, T; Tanaka, O; Miura, H; Tanaka, T; Suzuki, T; Nishimura, T

    2012-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to compare two different automated biopsy needles, a fully automated biopsy needle (Monopty; Bard, Covington, GA) and a semi-automated biopsy needle (Temno; Bauer Medical, Clearwater, FL), for lung biopsy. Methods 50 consecutive percutaneous lung biopsies using the Monopty needle between June 2006 and January 2007 and 66 consecutive lung biopsies for 1 nodule in each session using the Temno needle between February 2007 and August 2008 were performed under CT fluoroscopic guidance followed by histopathological evaluation. Results In 42/50 lung biopsies performed with the Monopty needle and 54/66 lung biopsies performed with the Temno needle, the final diagnosis was confirmed by independent surgical pathological findings or clinical follow-up. Sufficient samples for histopathological evaluation were obtained in all 50 (100%) biopsies using the Monopty needle and in 55 (83.3%) of the 66 biopsies using the Temno needle (p<0.01). Accurate diagnosis was achieved in 41 (97.6%) of 42 biopsies using the Monopty needle and in 45 (83.3%) of 54 biopsies using the Temno needle (p=0.04). Biopsy-induced complications were pneumothorax, haemoptysis and haemothorax in 44.0%, 10.0% and 6.0% of biopsies, respectively, using the Monopty needle and in 48.3%, 8.3% and 3.3%, respectively, using the Temno needle. Conclusion There is a possibility that a fully automated biopsy needle such as the Monopty is more useful for CT scan-guided lung biopsy than semi-automated biopsy needles. PMID:21828150

  1. Transcervical needle biopsy of uterine myoma-like tumors using an automatic biopsy gun.

    PubMed

    Kawamura, Naoki; Ichimura, Tomoyuki; Takahashi, Kumiyo; Tsujimura, Akemi; Ishiko, Osamu; Ogita, Sachio

    2002-05-01

    To describe a practical procedure of transcervical needle biopsy of uterine myoma-like tumors using an automatic biopsy gun and its potential risks. Description of new biopsy procedure. University teaching hospital. Three hundred twelve patients who had been recommended for surgery for uterine myoma-like tumors by the hospital's outside doctors. Transcervical needle biopsy of uterine myoma-like tumors. Successful sampling rate, duration of procedure, estimated blood loss, patient discomfort, and complications. Of the 312 patients who underwent transcervical needle biopsy, specimens were obtained from 311 (99.7%). The mean (+/- SD) duration of procedure was 6.3 +/- 5.2 minutes. The mean estimated blood loss was 10.4 +/- 10.9 g. There were two cases (0.6%) in which the blood loss during the procedure was in excess of 50 g, but bleeding can be conservatively controlled in such cases with an intrauterine tamponade using gauze or a balloon catheter. The level of patient pain and discomfort during the needle biopsy was significantly lower than that during endometrial curettage. No major complications requiring surgery occurred. Transcervical needle biopsies of uterine myoma-like tumors using an automatic biopsy gun are practical, simple, and safe. This new procedure can be of routine clinical use.

  2. Photoacoustic image-guided needle biopsy of sentinel lymph nodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Chulhong; Erpelding, Todd N.; Akers, Walter J.; Maslov, Konstantin; Song, Liang; Jankovic, Ladislav; Margenthaler, Julie A.; Achilefu, Samuel; Wang, Lihong V.

    2011-03-01

    We have implemented a hand-held photoacoustic and ultrasound probe for image-guided needle biopsy using a modified clinical ultrasound array system. Pulsed laser light was delivered via bifurcated optical fiber bundles integrated with the hand-held ultrasound probe. We photoacoustically guided needle insertion into rat sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) following accumulation of indocyanine green (ICG). Strong photoacoustic image contrast of the needle was achieved. After intradermal injection of ICG in the left forepaw, deeply positioned SLNs (beneath 2-cm thick chicken breast) were easily indentified in vivo and in real time. Further, we confirmed ICG uptake in axillary lymph nodes with in vivo and ex vivo fluorescence imaging. These results demonstrate the clinical potential of this hand-held photoacoustic system for facile identification and needle biopsy of SLNs for cancer staging and metastasis detection in humans.

  3. Cutting performance orthogonal test of single plane puncture biopsy needle based on puncture force

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yingqiang; Zhang, Qinhe; Liu, Guowei

    2017-04-01

    Needle biopsy is a method to extract the cells from the patient's body with a needle for tissue pathological examination. Many factors affect the cutting process of soft tissue, including the geometry of the biopsy needle, the mechanical properties of the soft tissue, the parameters of the puncture process and the interaction between them. This paper conducted orthogonal experiment of main cutting parameters based on single plane puncture biopsy needle, and obtained the cutting force curve of single plane puncture biopsy needle by studying the influence of the inclination angle, diameter and velocity of the single plane puncture biopsy needle on the puncture force of the biopsy needle. Stage analysis of the cutting process of biopsy needle puncture was made to determine the main influencing factors of puncture force during the cutting process, which provides a certain theoretical support for the design of new type of puncture biopsy needle and the operation of puncture biopsy.

  4. Prostate needle biopsy examination by means of virtual microscopy.

    PubMed

    Chargari, Cyrus; Comperat, Eva; Magné, Nicolas; Védrine, Lionel; Houlgatte, Alain; Egevad, Lars; Camparo, Philippe

    2011-06-15

    This study aimed at determining whether virtual microscopy improves the accuracy in the pathological examination of prostate needle biopsies regarding maximum tumor length, percentage of positive cores, and Gleason grading. We assessed a series of 816 prostate needle biopsy cores in 68 consecutive patients with prostate adenocarcinoma. Biopsy specimens were reviewed using conventional examination. Then, slides were converted to whole slide imaging (Olympus BX51). Tumor was measured, and Gleason score was assigned using the OlyVia software. Optically evaluated pathological features were compared with digital findings to determine whether one of these two methods for the assignment of a preoperative Gleason score is appropriate for predicting the definitive Gleason score of radical prostatectomy. When comparing optical and digital measurements, maximum tumor length in biopsy cores and percent prostate needle biopsy with cancer showed no significant difference. The mean variation in the measurement of tumor length was 2.65mm per biopsy. Among 240 biopsy cores involved with cancer, the concordance rate for Gleason score assignment was 75.8% (κ=0.49, good agreement). When considering the higher Gleason score assignment as the score for the entire case (ISUP 2005), the concordance rate was 69.1% (κ=0.46, good agreement). When comparing the biopsy scores with the definitive score of radical prostatectomy, the concordance rate was significantly increased from 54.4% for conventional examination (κ=0.23, marginal agreement) to 66.2% for virtual slide examination (κ=0.42, good agreement). Virtual microscopy does not compromise, but might improve, the accuracy of grading in prostate needle biopsies. This requires further assessment. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  5. Renal biopsy with 16G needle: a safety study.

    PubMed

    Guerrero-Ramos, F; Villacampa-Aubá, F; Jiménez-Alcaide, E; García-González, L; Ospina-Galeano, I A; de la Rosa-Kehrmann, F; Rodríguez-Antolín, A; Passas-Martínez, J; Díaz-González, R

    2014-11-01

    The development of percutaneous renal biopsy as a routinary diagnostic procedure for renal masses is topic of discussion for the last few years. However, this technique has been associated with some complications, although infrequent, and morbidity. Our objective is to carry out a descriptive study about complications and outcomes of orthotopic kidney biopsies with 16 G needle. A retrospective review of 180 orthotopic ultrasound-guided renal biopsies performed in our service among January 2008 to May 2010 was carried out. The procedure was developed using an automated biopsy gun (16G needle). Multiple clinical variables, early post-procedure complications and its management were collected. Complication rates as well as the relationship between risk factors and occurrence of complications were studied. Mean age was 55.8 years. The average number of biopsy cylinders per intervention was 2.49. The overall complication rate was 5.6%. An interventionist attitude derived from complication of the procedure was necessary in only 3 patients (1.67%). No surgical interventions were required and no death as consequence of procedure was registered. No relationship between hypertension (P=.09) previous anticoagulation (P=.099) or previous antiaggregation (P=.603) and complications were demonstrated. In 2.8% of biopsies the material obtained was insufficient for diagnosing. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy with 16G needle is a safe technique with high diagnostic performance. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma diagnosed using endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Caraway, Nancy P.; Salina, Davide; Deavers, Michael T.; Morice, Rodolfo; Landon, Gene

    2015-01-01

    Intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery is a rare intraluminal malignant neoplasm that has an aggressive biological behavior, and early diagnosis may improve patient outcome. We describe a case of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma diagnosed on cytologic material obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) biopsy with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE). The aspirate showed loosely cohesive clusters of pleomorphic malignant spindled and epithelioid cells. An immunostain panel did not demonstrate any definitive mesenchymal or epithelial differentiation. The tumor's intraluminal origin was supported by radiographic imaging studies. Subsequently, the patient received preoperative chemotherapy and underwent tumor resection with reconstruction. This report describes the cytomorphologic features of this rare intravascular tumor and demonstrates how EBUS-TBNA with ROSE was instrumental in obtaining optimal cytologic sampling for ancillary studies, thus expediting the management. PMID:25745502

  7. Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma diagnosed using endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Caraway, Nancy P; Salina, Davide; Deavers, Michael T; Morice, Rodolfo; Landon, Gene

    2015-01-01

    Intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery is a rare intraluminal malignant neoplasm that has an aggressive biological behavior, and early diagnosis may improve patient outcome. We describe a case of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma diagnosed on cytologic material obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) biopsy with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE). The aspirate showed loosely cohesive clusters of pleomorphic malignant spindled and epithelioid cells. An immunostain panel did not demonstrate any definitive mesenchymal or epithelial differentiation. The tumor's intraluminal origin was supported by radiographic imaging studies. Subsequently, the patient received preoperative chemotherapy and underwent tumor resection with reconstruction. This report describes the cytomorphologic features of this rare intravascular tumor and demonstrates how EBUS-TBNA with ROSE was instrumental in obtaining optimal cytologic sampling for ancillary studies, thus expediting the management.

  8. Endosonography‑guided fine‑needle aspiration in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis: a randomized study.

    PubMed

    Kocoń, Piotr; Szlubowski, Artur; Kużdżał, Jarosław; Rudnicka-Sosin, Lucyna; Ćmiel, Adam; Soja, Jerzy; Włodarczyk, Janusz R; Talar, Piotr; Smęder, Tomasz; Gil, Tomasz; Warmus, Janusz; Tomaszewska, Romana

    2017-03-31

    INTRODUCTION    There are no widely accepted standards for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the relative diagnostic yield of endobronchial ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EBUS -FNA) and endoscopic ultrasound fine needle aspiration (EUS -FNA), and to compare them with standard diagnostic techniques such as endobronchial biopsy (EBB), transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB), transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), and mediastinoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS    This was a prospective randomized study including consecutive patients with clinical diagnosis of stage I or II sarcoidosis. EBB, TBLB, and TBNA were performed at baseline in all patients. Subsequently, patients were randomized to group A (EBUS -FNA) or group B (EUS -FNA). Next, a crossover control test was performed: all patients with negative results in group A underwent EUS -FNA and all patients with negative results in group B underwent EBUS -FNA. If sarcoidosis was not confirmed, mediastinoscopy was performed. RESULTS    We enrolled 106 patients, of whom 100 were available for the final analysis. The overall sensitivity and accuracy of standard endoscopic methods were 64% each. When analyzing each of the standard endoscopic methods separately, the diagnosis was confirmed with EBB in 12 patients (12%), with TBLB in 42 patients (42%), and with TBNA in 44 patients (44%). The sensitivity and accuracy of each endosonographic technique were significantly higher than those of EBB+TBLB+TBNA (P = 0.0112 vs P = 0.0134). CONCLUSIONS    The sensitivity and accuracy of EBUS -FNA and EUS -FNA are significantly higher than those of standard endoscopic methods. Moreover, the sensitivity and accuracy of EUS -FNA tend to be higher than those of EBUS -FNA.

  9. Esophageal seeding after endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of a mediastinal tumor.

    PubMed

    Yokoyama, Kensuke; Ushio, Jun; Numao, Norikatsu; Tamada, Kiichi; Fukushima, Noriyoshi; Kawarai Lefor, Alan; Yamamoto, Hironori

    2017-09-01

    Background and study aims  Tumor seeding after endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is rare. A 53-year-old man underwent transesophageal EUS-FNA for diagnosis of a 6-cm mass in the mediastinum as seen by computed tomography (CT). Four weeks later, repeat CT scan revealed a mass in the esophageal wall. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy confirmed a lesion in the mid-esophagus, which was biopsied and found to be consistent with needle tract seeding after EUS-FNA. Tumor seeding in the gastrointestinal wall or peritoneum after EUS-FNA is rare, but may adversely affect the prognosis. Indications for EUS-FNA must be carefully considered.

  10. Meta-analysis of 21- versus 22-G aspiration needle during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Giri, Smith; Pathak, Ranjan; Yarlagadda, Vivek; Karmacharya, Paras; Aryal, Madan R; Martin, Mike G

    2015-04-01

    Two different needle gauges (21 and 22 G) are currently used for endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Few studies have compared the diagnostic utility of EBUS-TB107NA using 21 versus 22 G needles. We aimed to systematically analyze all existing literature comparing the diagnostic benefit of these 2 needles. A systematic search for the identification of all relevant studies comparing 21 and 22 G needles in EBUS-TBNA was performed using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS databases up to September 21, 2014. All the extracted data underwent meta-analysis using Review Manager 5.3 and Comprehensive Meta-analysis 3.3. Study-specific odds ratios (OR) were calculated and combined using random-effects model. Between study heterogeneity was assessed using the I statistic. A total of 5 studies involving 1720 patients were identified. The sample adequacy rate was 89.1% in the 21 G group and 90.0% in the 22 G group and this difference was not statistically significant [OR, 0.94; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.56-1.59; P=0.82]. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the diagnostic yield (73.7% vs. 58.5%; OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.35; P=0.80) or the mean number of needle passes (mean difference -0.31; 95% CI, -1.1 to 0.47; P=0.44). There were no major complications reported in any of these studies. There were no differences in the diagnostic yield, sample adequacy, or the mean number of needle passes between the 21 and 22 G groups during EBUS-TBNA. Similarly, the complication rates were low and similar between the 2 groups.

  11. CT guided percutaneous needle biopsy of the chest: initial experience

    PubMed Central

    Lazguet, Younes; Maarouf, Rachid; Karrou, Marouan; Skiker, Imane; Alloubi, Ihsan

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this article is to report our first experience of CT guided percutaneous thoracic biopsy and to demonstrate the accuracy and safety of this procedure. This was a retrospective study of 28 CT-Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsies of the Chest performed on 24 patients between November 2014 and April 2015. Diagnosis was achieved in 18 patients (75%), negative results were found in 3 patients (12,5%). Biopsy was repeated in these cases with two positive results. Complications were seen in 7 patients (29%), Hemoptysis in 5 patients (20%), Pneumothorax in 1 patient (4,1%) and vaso-vagal shock in 1 patient (4,1%). CT Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsy of the Chest is a safe, minimally invasive procedure with high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for diagnosis of lung lesions. PMID:27347300

  12. Fine needle aspiration cytology of thymic carcinoid tumor.

    PubMed

    Wang, D Y; Kuo, S H; Chang, D B; Yang, P C; Lee, Y C; Hsu, H C; Luh, K T

    1995-01-01

    Carcinoid tumors of the thymus are very rare, and their cytologic findings have not been reported previously in English. Retrospective study of fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytologic features in four histopathologically verified thymic carcinoid tumors are described here in detail. The FNA cytology of thymic carcinoids is characterized by predominantly single and some loose clusters of small, round to oval cells with scanty cytoplasm, interspersed with some larger cells with moderate to abundant, granular cytoplasm. The differential diagnosis of the cytologic features between carcinoid tumor and other mediastinal tumors is also discussed.

  13. Metastatic Chordoma: A Diagnostic Challenge on Fine Needle Aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Tranesh, Ghassan; Nassar, Aziza

    2016-01-01

    Chordomas are primary low grade malignant tumors of bone that usually arise within both ends of axial skeleton. The Notochord is a midline, ectoderm-derived structure that defines the phylum of chordates. Chordomas may pose difficult diagnostic challenges when encountered in secondary locations, such as lungs or other parenchymatous organs. We report the cytologic findings of a metastatic chordoma sampled through CT-scan guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) of lower lobe lung nodule in a 54-year-old man diagnosed with recurrent chordoma involving the lumber spine and paraspinal region. PMID:26881166

  14. Sclerosing hemangioma: A diagnostic dilemma in fine needle aspiration cytology

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Jennifer; Zhou, Fang; Wei, Xiao-Jun; Kovacs, Sandor; Simsir, Aylin; Shi, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Sclerosing hemangioma of the lung is a benign neoplasm with a widely debated histogenesis. It has a polymorphic histomorphology characterized by a biphasic cell population of “surface cells” and “round cells” arranged in four general patterns: Papillary, solid, angiomatous, and sclerotic. This variability in histomorphology makes it difficult to diagnose sclerosing hemangioma by fine needle aspiration (FNA). We present a case of sclerosing hemangioma diagnosed on FNA with immunohistochemistry performed on an accompanied cell block. The clinical presentation, cytomorphology, immunohistochemistry, and differential diagnoses are discussed. PMID:27168758

  15. Optimizing prostate needle biopsy through 3D simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Jianchao; Kaplan, Charles; Xuan, Jian Hua; Sesterhenn, Isabell A.; Lynch, John H.; Freedman, Matthew T.; Mun, Seong K.

    1998-06-01

    Prostate needle biopsy is used for the detection of prostate cancer. The protocol of needle biopsy that is currently routinely used in the clinical environment is the systematic sextant technique, which defines six symmetric locations on the prostate surface for needle insertion. However, this protocol has been developed based on the long-term observation and experience of urologists. Little quantitative or scientific evidence supports the use of this biopsy technique. In this research, we aim at developing a statistically optimized new prostate needle biopsy protocol to improve the quality of diagnosis of prostate cancer. This new protocol will be developed by using a three-dimensional (3-D) computer- based probability map of prostate cancer. For this purpose, we have developed a computer-based 3-D visualization and simulation system with prostate models constructed from the digitized prostate specimens, in which the process of prostate needle biopsy can be simulated automatically by the computer. In this paper, we first develop an interactive biopsy simulation mode in the system, and evaluate the performance of the automatic biopsy simulation with the sextant biopsy protocol by comparing the results by the urologist using the interactive simulation mode with respect to 53 prostate models. This is required to confirm that the automatic simulation is accurate and reliable enough for the simulation with respect to a large number of prostate models. Then we compare the performance of the existing protocols using the automatic biopsy simulation system with respect to 107 prostate models, which will statistically identify if one protocol is better than another. Since the estimation of tumor volume is extremely important in determining the significance of a tumor and in deciding appropriate treatment methods, we further investigate correlation between the tumor volume and the positive core volume with 89 prostate models. This is done in order to develop a method to

  16. CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsies Using 10G Large-Core Needles: Initial Experience.

    PubMed

    Lalji, Ulrich C; Wildberger, Joachim E; Zur Hausen, Axel; Bendek, Matyas; Dingemans, Anne-Marie C; Hochstenbag, Monique; Das, Marco

    2015-12-01

    Using large-core biopsy needles in CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsies (PTNB) may be advantageous in terms of larger specimens, which facilitate more extensive histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular examination of tumor tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate and safety in CT-guided PTNB using 10G large-core biopsy needles. 35 patients with intrathoracic lesions suspected of malignancy underwent CT-guided PTNB using dedicated large-core biopsy needles (10G Spirotome™, Medinvents, Hasselt, Belgium). Location, tumor size, number of pleural passes, number of biopsies, histologic result, and complications (pneumothorax, bleeding) were recorded. Lesion location varied from pleural to hilar location. Mean tumor size was 3.5 cm (range 0.7-9.2 cm). Only one pleural passage was necessary in all patients. Mean distance from the pleura to the lesion was 2.6 cm (max 9.2 cm). Large-core biopsy (10G) was successful in 88.6%. Pneumothorax was found in 40%. Minor intraparenchymal bleeding was present in 14 patients. No major complications were recorded. Large-core biopsy with 10G did not show higher complication rates compared to literature. It is technically feasible and safe. The obtained larger specimens may especially be helpful for the increasing demands of extensive molecular analysis for stratified patient care.

  17. Diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis on fine needle aspiration cytology: a case report and review of the cytology literature.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Neeta; Sayed, Shahin; Vinayak, Sudhir

    2011-01-20

    A case of multifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis in a two-year-old child is presented where fine needle aspiration was helpful in achieving a rapid and accurate diagnosis in an appropriate clinical and radiological setting. This can avoid unnecessary biopsy and guide the management especially where access to histopathology is limited. The highly characteristic common and rare cytological features are highlighted with focus on differential diagnoses and causes of pitfalls.

  18. Effect of vibration frequency on biopsy needle insertion force.

    PubMed

    Tan, Lei; Qin, Xuemei; Zhang, Qinhe; Zhang, Hongcai; Dong, Hongjian; Guo, Tuodang; Liu, Guowei

    2017-05-01

    Needle insertion is critical in many clinical medicine procedures, such as biopsy, brachytherapy, and injection therapy. A platform with two degrees of freedom was set up to study the effect of vibration frequency on needle insertion force. The gel phantom deformation at the needle cutting edge and the Voigt model are utilized to develop a dynamic model to explain the relationship between the insertion force and needle-tip velocity. The accuracy of this model was verified by performing needle insertions into phantom gel. The effect of vibration on insertion force can be explained as the vibration increasing the needle-tip velocity and subsequently increasing the insertion force. In a series of needle insertion experiments with different vibration frequencies, the peak forces were selected for comparison to explore the effect of vibration frequency on needle insertion force. The experimental results indicate that the insertion force at 500Hz increases up to 17.9% compared with the force at 50Hz. Copyright © 2017 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. [Fine-needle Aspiration of Thyroid Nodules: Is it Worth Repeating?

    PubMed

    Fernandes, Vera; Pereira, Tânia; Eloy, Catarina

    2017-06-30

    The fine-needle aspiration has a significant role in assessing the malignancy risk of thyroid nodules. There is uncertainty regarding the value of repeat fine-needle aspiration in benign nodules. This study aims to evaluate the concordance of results in consecutive fine-needle aspiration and to study the relevance of repetition in benign results. Retrospective study of the 4800 thyroid nodules fine-needle aspiration held in Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto between January 1, 2014 and May 2, 2016. Of the initial sample, we selected the repeated fine-needle aspiration on the same nodule. The first fine-needle aspiration result of the 309 nodules underwent revaluation was non-diagnostic in 103 (33.3%), benign in 120 (38.8%) and atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance in 86 (27.8%). The agreement between the first and second fine-needle aspiration was significantly higher in cases with an initial benign result (benign: 85.8%, non-diagnostic: 27.2% and atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance: 17.4%, p < 0.005). The fine-needle aspiration repeating motifs in initially benign nodules (n = 78) were repetition suggestion in 58, nodule growth in 17 and suspicious ultrasonographic features in 3. The fine-needle aspiration repetition in nodules with initial non-diagnostic and atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance result changed the initial diagnosis in a significant proportion of patients, modifying their therapeutic approach. The high concordance of results in initially benign nodules makes fine-needle aspiration repetition not cost-effective in most cases. The fine-needle aspiration should be repeated when the initial cytology result is non-diagnostic or atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance.

  20. Fine needle aspiration cytology: a diagnostic aid for oral lesions.

    PubMed

    Gandhi, Sumir; Lata, Jeevan; Gandhi, Nitasha

    2011-06-01

    Oral lesions usually lead to a diagnostic dilemma. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an important diagnostic aid for making a preoperative diagnosis of oral lesions. It does not supplant histopathology but augments it. FNAC of oral lesions was undertaken in 45 patients, and all the lesions were subjected to histopathologic examination. Aspiration was performed with 23- to 25-gauge needles held in a Cameco syringe holder (Amar Udyog, Chandigarh, India). We diagnosed benign lesions in 22 cases, malignant lesions in 15, and inflammatory lesions in 7 by FNAC, whereas in 1 case the specimen was insufficient for diagnosis. One result was false negative, but there was no false-positive result. Specificity and sensitivity of FNAC were 95.45% and 93.75%, respectively. FNAC gave a diagnostic accuracy of 90.0% for benign lesions, 94.0% for malignant lesions, and 100% for inflammatory lesions. The procedure does not have any side effects or complications. Hence FNAC can be used as a reliable diagnostic aid for oral lesions because it is safe, accurate, convenient, and cost-effective. Copyright © 2011 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Does Leaving the Biopsy Needle in Povidone-Iodine Solution Reduce Infective Complications after Biopsy?

    PubMed Central

    Cirakoglu, Abdullah; Ogreden, Ercan; Cetinkol, Yeliz; Calgin, Mustafa Kerem; Ayyildiz, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Aim. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether leaving the biopsy needle used during prostate needle biopsy in 10% povidone-iodine (betadine) solution affects the infectious complications forming after biopsy. Material and Method. This study retrospectively evaluated the data of 176 patients with prostate biopsy performed between December 2012 and April 2014. Patients in Group 1 (n = 89) were given ofloxacin as a prophylactic antibiotic before biopsy. Patients in Group 2 (n = 87) had the biopsy needle left in povidone-iodine solution for 1 minute before each use, in addition to antibiotic prophylaxis. The two groups were compared in terms of infective complications developing after biopsy. Results were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test. Results. The distribution of infective complications after biopsy according to group was as follows. Group 1, not using betadine, had 15.7% fever, 13.5% hospital stay, 12.4% urinary retention, 10.1% prostatitis, and 5.6% sepsis. The distribution of the same complications in Group 2 using betadine was identified as 5.7% fever, 4.6% hospital stay, 3.4% urinary retention, 2.3% prostatitis, and 0% sepsis. The use of betadine was found to significantly reduce the infectious complications after biopsy compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion. At the end of this study leaving the prostate needle in povidone-iodine solution before each use during prostate biopsy was found to reduce the infective complications and hospital stay after biopsy. PMID:28096812

  2. Tiny percutaneous needle biopsy: An efficient method for studying cellular and molecular aspects of skeletal muscle in humans.

    PubMed

    Pietrangelo, Tiziana; D'Amelio, Luigi; Doria, Christian; Mancinelli, Rosa; Fulle, Stefania; Fanò, Giorgio

    2011-03-01

    Needle biopsy is widely used to obtain specimens for physiological, anatomical and biochemical studies of skeletal muscle (SM). We optimized a procedure which we termed tiny percutaneous needle biopsy (TPNB), to efficiently gather good numbers of human satellite cells and single dissociated fibers for the functional study of skeletal muscle; these samples permit isolation of high-quality RNA and sufficient amounts of proteins to allow molecular analysis. Moreover, TPNB showed a clear advantage in that the technique was easier than other procedures used on healthy volunteers in human trials. TPNB is a very safe minor surgical procedure. It is less traumatic than needle aspiration biopsy, and significant complications are improbable. TPNB should become established as an important tool in the investigation of SM and may be employed to study various physiological aspects of SM in human subjects. We suggest that TPNB should also be used in the study of muscle diseases and disorders including muscular dystrophy, congenital myopathy, and metabolic defects.

  3. Bench-top testing of suction forces generated through endoscopic ultrasound-guided aspiration needles.

    PubMed

    Katanuma, Akio; Itoi, Takao; Baron, Todd H; Yasuda, Ichiro; Kin, Toshifumi; Yane, Kei; Maguchi, Hiroyuki; Yamazaki, Hajime; Sano, Itsuki; Minami, Ryuki; Manabu, Sen-yo; Ikarashi, Satoshi; Osanai, Manabu; Takahashi, Kuniyuki

    2015-05-01

    Adequate needle size and tissue acquisition techniques for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) need further elucidation. Moreover, the actual negative pressure and suction forces of FNA needles remain unknown. We evaluated the suction forces of 19-gauge, 22-gauge, and 25-gauge conventional FNA needles and side hole aspiration needles using conventional negative pressure and the slow pull technique. Using a manometer, we determined the mean (SD) negative pressure and suction force for needle gauge, aspiration volume, and aspiration technique. We also evaluated the time to reach the maximum negative pressure. Suction force was comparatively higher in the 19-gauge needle when 50 ml of negative pressure was applied. Suction force using the slow pull method was very weak at 5% of pressure found with conventional methods. With the use of a 20-ml syringe, the time to reach the maximum negative pressure was 4 s in the 19-gauge needle, 11 s in the 22-gauge needle, and 80 s in the 25-gauge needle. Bench-top testing showed that suction force increases with a larger gauge needle and larger aspiration volume. The slow pull method produces a very weak suction force. The time to reach the maximum negative pressure was longest in the 25-gauge needle. © 2015 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  4. Freehand versus guided breast biopsy: comparison of accuracy, needle motion, and biopsy time in a tissue model.

    PubMed

    Bluvol, Nathan; Kornecki, Anat; Shaikh, Allison; Del Rey Fernandez, David; Taves, Donald H; Fenster, Aaron

    2009-06-01

    Freehand ultrasound-guided breast biopsy may present difficulties in needle visualization within the scanning plane of the ultrasound image. Scanning plane and needle misalignment, an unknown needle insertion site (relative to the ultrasound image), needle trajectory before insertion, and physician experience play roles in the difficulty of these biopsy procedures. The objective of our study was to compare the currently used freehand technique with the use of a needle guidance system that limits needle motion to within the ultrasound scanning plane for breast biopsy. We developed a needle guidance system for breast biopsy that is composed of an electronically tracked passive mechanical arm and braking mechanism. The system was attached to an ultrasound transducer, and biopsy needles were inserted through the guidance arm. Both experienced and inexperienced radiologists performed ultrasound-guided biopsy on simulated breast lesions with and without the guidance system. Success rates were scored on the basis of the presence of lesions in the core biopsy samples. The biopsy procedures were analyzed using procedure time and total needle tip travel distance before firing. The biopsy success rates were greater using the guidance system (p < 0.05) than using the freehand technique. Experienced radiologists and inexperienced radiologists performed biopsy significantly faster using the needle guidance system (p < 0.001). Additionally, needle tip motion was significantly greater when using the freehand technique (p < 0.001) than using the guidance system. Biopsy using the developed needle guidance system is feasible and its use decreases procedure time and decreases needle motion; thus, it has the potential to reduce patient morbidity. Moreover, less operator experience is required for a successful breast biopsy using the needle guidance system than using the freehand technique.

  5. Fine needle aspirate flow cytometric phenotyping characterizes immunosuppressive nature of the mesothelioma microenvironment

    PubMed Central

    Lizotte, Patrick H.; Jones, Robert E.; Keogh, Lauren; Ivanova, Elena; Liu, Hongye; Awad, Mark M.; Hammerman, Peter S.; Gill, Ritu R.; Richards, William G.; Barbie, David A.; Bass, Adam J.; Bueno, Raphael; English, Jessie M.; Bittinger, Mark; Wong, Kwok-Kin

    2016-01-01

    With the emergence of checkpoint blockade and other immunotherapeutic drugs, and the growing adoption of smaller, more flexible adaptive clinical trial designs, there is an unmet need to develop diagnostics that can rapidly immunophenotype patient tumors. The ability to longitudinally profile the tumor immune infiltrate in response to immunotherapy also presents a window of opportunity to illuminate mechanisms of resistance. We have developed a fine needle aspirate biopsy (FNA) platform to perform immune profiling on thoracic malignancies. Matching peripheral blood, bulk resected tumor, and FNA were analyzed from 13 mesothelioma patients. FNA samples yielded greater numbers of viable cells when compared to core needle biopsies. Cell numbers were adequate to perform flow cytometric analyses on T cell lineage, T cell activation and inhibitory receptor expression, and myeloid immunosuppressive checkpoint markers. FNA samples were representative of the tumor as a whole as assessed by head-to-head comparison to single cell suspensions of dissociated whole tumor. Parallel analysis of matched patient blood enabled us to establish quality assurance criteria to determine the accuracy of FNA procedures to sample tumor tissue. FNA biopsies provide a diagnostic to rapidly phenotype the tumor immune microenvironment that may be of great relevance to clinical trials. PMID:27539742

  6. Sensitivity analysis aimed at blood vessels detection using interstitial optical tomography during brain needle biopsy procedures.

    PubMed

    Pichette, Julien; Goyette, Andréanne; Picot, Fabien; Tremblay, Marie-Andrée; Soulez, Gilles; Wilson, Brian C; Leblond, Frédéric

    2015-11-01

    A brain needle biopsy procedure is performed for suspected brain lesions in order to sample tissue that is subsequently analysed using standard histopathology techniques. A common complication resulting from this procedure is brain hemorrhaging from blood vessels clipped off during tissue extraction. Interstitial optical tomography (iOT) has recently been introduced by our group as a mean to assess the presence of blood vessels in the vicinity of the needle. The clinical need to improve safety requires the detection of blood vessels within 2 mm from the outer surface of the needle, since this distance is representative of the volume of tissue that is aspirated durirng tissue extraction. Here, a sensitivity analysis is presented to establish the intrinsic detection limits of iOT based on simulations and experiments using brain tissue phantoms. It is demonstrated that absorbers can be detected with diameters >300 μm located up to >2 mm from the biopsy needle core for bulk optical properties consistent with brain tissue.

  7. Sensitivity analysis aimed at blood vessels detection using interstitial optical tomography during brain needle biopsy procedures

    PubMed Central

    Pichette, Julien; Goyette, Andréanne; Picot, Fabien; Tremblay, Marie-Andrée; Soulez, Gilles; Wilson, Brian C.; Leblond, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    A brain needle biopsy procedure is performed for suspected brain lesions in order to sample tissue that is subsequently analysed using standard histopathology techniques. A common complication resulting from this procedure is brain hemorrhaging from blood vessels clipped off during tissue extraction. Interstitial optical tomography (iOT) has recently been introduced by our group as a mean to assess the presence of blood vessels in the vicinity of the needle. The clinical need to improve safety requires the detection of blood vessels within 2 mm from the outer surface of the needle, since this distance is representative of the volume of tissue that is aspirated durirng tissue extraction. Here, a sensitivity analysis is presented to establish the intrinsic detection limits of iOT based on simulations and experiments using brain tissue phantoms. It is demonstrated that absorbers can be detected with diameters >300 μm located up to >2 mm from the biopsy needle core for bulk optical properties consistent with brain tissue. PMID:26600990

  8. Core needle biopsy guidance based on EMOCT imaging (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iftimia, Nicusor V.; Park, Jesung; Maguluri, Gopi

    2016-03-01

    We present a novel method, based on encoder mapping OCT imaging, for real-time guidance of core biopsy procedures. This method provides real-time feedback to the interventional radiologist, such that he/she can reorient the needle during the biopsy and sample the most representative area of the suspicious mass that is being investigated. This aspect is very important for tailoring therapy to the specific cancer based on biomarker analysis, which will become one of the next big advances in our search for the optimal cancer therapy. To enable individualized treatment, the genetic constitution and the DNA repair status in the affected areas is needed for each patient. Thus, representative sampling of the tumor is needed for analyzing various biomarkers, which are used as a tool to personalize cancer therapy. The encoder-based OCT enables samping of large size masses and provides full control on the imaging probe, which is passed through the bore of the biopsy guidance needle. The OCT image is built gradually, based on the feedback of an optical encoder which senses the incremental movement of the needle with a few microns resolution. Tissue mapping is independent of the needle speed, while it is advanced through the tissue. The OCT frame is analyzed in real-time and tissue cellularity is reported in a very simple manner (pie chart). Our preliminary study on a rabbit model of cancer has demonstrated the capability of this technology for accurately differentiating between viable cancer and heterogeneous or necrotic tissue.

  9. Bone marrow biopsies performed by both the powered OnControl drill device and the Jamshidi needle produce adequate specimens.

    PubMed

    Jain, Sarika; Enzerra, Mark; Mehta, Rohtesh S; Smith, Roy; Djokic, Miroslav

    2017-06-01

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the adequacy and quality of the bone marrow (BM) obtained by OnControl powered drill (P-group) and to compare it with manual procedure (M-group). Retrospective analysis was done on 75 BM specimens; Jamshidi needle (n=44) and OnControl (n=31). Biopsy length after fixation, evaluable marrow length and total area, and fragmentation, aspiration and marrow dropout artefacts were compared. Biopsies were sufficient for diagnosis in 38/44 cases (86%) in the M-group and in 26/31 cases (83%) in the P-group. The most common reason for suboptimal/inadequate biopsies was subcortical specimens (4/6) in the M-group and aspiration artefact (5/5) in the P-group. Average length after fixation, evaluable marrow length, evaluable marrow area was comparable. Aspiration artefact was minimal (<10%) in the majority of BM samples in the M-group (31/44), while 25/31 BM in the P-group showed >10% aspiration artefact, p<0.0001. Our study suggests that quality of biopsy cylinder and adequacy rate of the biopsy is comparable between both devices. OnControl device showed more aspiration artefact. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  10. A modified triple test for palpable breast masses: the value of ultrasound and core needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Wai, Christina J; Al-Mubarak, Ghada; Homer, Marc J; Goldkamp, Allison; Samenfeld-Specht, Marja; Lee, Yoojin; Logvinenko, Tanya; Rothschild, Janice G; Graham, Roger A

    2013-03-01

    The original triple test score (TTS)--clinical examination, mammogram, and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy--has long been used to evaluate palpable breast masses. We modified the original TTS to include ultrasound (US) and core biopsy to determine their role in evaluating palpable breast masses. A retrospective chart review of 320 female patients was performed. We developed a modified triple test score (mTTS) that included physical examination, mammogram and/or US, and FNA and/or core biopsy. For the examination and imaging score, 1-3 points were given for low, moderate, or high suspicion. Biopsy scores were characterized as benign, atypical, or malignant. Final outcome was determined by open biopsy or follow-up greater than 1 year. Physical examination was 92% accurate (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.89-0.96, p < 0.0001) at predicting whether a mass was benign or malignant. Imaging was 88% accurate (95% CI 0.84-0.92, p < 0.0001) and needle biopsy was 95% accurate (95% CI 0.92-0.98, p < 0.0001). The modified triple test was 99% accurate (95% CI 0.98-1.00, p < 0.0001). Each 1-point increment in the mTTS was associated with an increased risk of cancer, with an odds ratio of 9.73 (CI 5.16-18.4, p < 0.0001). For 150 patients, we compared the original TTS with the mTTS. US and core biopsy changed the scores of 24 patients; only three changed clinical management. For patients with a palpable breast mass and a mTTS score of 3-4, no further assessment is necessary. Those with a mTTS of 8-9 can proceed to definitive therapy. Patients with a mTTS of 5-7 require further assessment. US and/or core biopsy added little to the accuracy or predictive value of the original TTS.

  11. Prostate cancer diagnosis using a saturation needle biopsy technique after previous negative sextant biopsies.

    PubMed

    Stewart, C S; Leibovich, B C; Weaver, A L; Lieber, M M

    2001-07-01

    We hypothesized that markedly increasing the number of cores obtained during prostate needle biopsy may improve the cancer detection rate in men with persistent indications for repeat biopsy. We performed saturation ultrasound guided transrectal prostate needle biopsy in 224 men under anesthesia in an outpatient surgical setting in whom previous negative biopsies had been performed in the office. The mean number of previous sextant biopsy sessions plus or minus standard deviation before saturation biopsy was 1.8 (range 1 to 7). A mean of 23 saturation biopsy cores (range 14 to 45) were distributed throughout the whole prostate, including the peripheral, medial and anterior regions. Indications for repeat biopsy were persistent elevated serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) in 108 cases, persistent elevated PSA and abnormal rectal examination in 27, persistent abnormal rectal examination in 4, high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in the previous biopsy in 64 and atypia in the previous biopsy in 21. Cancer was detected in 77 of 224 patients (34%). The number of previous negative sextant biopsies was not predictive of subsequent cancer detection by saturation biopsy. Median PSA was 8.7 ng./ml. and median PSA velocity was 0.63 ng./ml. yearly. Of the 77 patients in whom cancer was detected radical prostatectomy was performed in 52. Pathological stage was pT2 in 48 patients and pT3 in 4, while Gleason score was 4 to 5, 6 to 7 and 8 in 5, 46 and 1, respectively. At prostatectomy median cancer volume was 1.04 cc and 85.7% of removed tumors were clinically significant, assuming a 3-year doubling time. The overall complication rate for saturation needle biopsy was 12% and hematuria requiring hospital admission was the most common event. Saturation needle biopsy of the prostate is a useful diagnostic technique in men at risk for prostate cancer with previous negative office biopsies. This technique allows adequate sampling of the whole prostate gland and has a

  12. [Phenotype B primitive adrenal lymphoma, diagnosed by percutaneous aspiration biopsy].

    PubMed

    Dahami, Z; Debbagh, A; Dakir, M; Hafiani, M; Joual, A; Bennani, S; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    2001-01-01

    The authors report a case of primary adrenal lymphoma in a 30-year old-female who complained of lumbar pain and was in poor general condition. Ultrasonography and CT scan revealed a heterogeneous mass with necrosis in the left adrenal gland. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell origin was determined by ultrasound-guided aspiration biopsy of the adrenal mass. Taking this case and the findings in the literature into consideration, the features of this disease have been reviewed and the problem of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis have been examined.

  13. Incisional endometriosis: diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Veda, P; Srinivasaiah, M

    2010-07-01

    Incisional endometriosis (IE) is a rare entity reported in 0.03-1.08% of women following obstetric or gynecologic surgeries. Most cases reported in literature have appeared after cesarean sections and were often clinically mistaken for hernia, abscess, suture granuloma or lipoma. We hereby report a case of IE following a second trimester hysterotomy, which was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Our patient was 26 years old, presenting with a mass over anterior abdominal wall, associated with incapacitating pain during each menstrual cycle. FNAC showed epithelial cells, stromal cells and hemosiderin laden macrophages. Based on the typical history, clinical and cytological features, the diagnosis of IE was established. Wide surgical excision was done and the resulting rectus sheath defect was repaired. Patient was followed for 6 months during which time she was symptom free. This article also reviews the spectrum of cytological features and the rare possibility of malignant transformation that can occur in IE.

  14. Endotracheal tuberculous granuloma formation following endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jeong-Won; Kim, Woo-Jin; Park, Chan-Woo; Kang, Hyun-Wook; Ban, Hee-Jung; Oh, In-Jae; Kwon, Yong-Soo; Kim, Kyu-Sik; Kim, Yu-Il; Lim, Sung-Chul; Kim, Young-Chul; Choi, Yoo-Duk

    2013-01-01

    Endobronchial ultrasound-transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a useful and safe diagnostic test. We herein report a case of endotracheal granuloma formation that occurred after EBUS-TBNA in a 73-year-old woman. The patient was admitted due to coughing and dyspnea after 70 days of antituberculous therapy for mediastinal lymphadenitis. Computed tomography revealed decreases in the size of the lymph nodes with a new mass protruding into the tracheal lumen. The mass originated from the right paratracheal area, which was a previous puncture site. This case suggests that clinicians should pay attention to complications because tuberculosis can produce new granulomas via the sinus tract after EBUS-TBNA.

  15. Primary tibial adamantinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Bishop, Justin A; Ali, Syed Z

    2010-03-01

    Adamantinoma is one of the rarest primary bone tumors and is almost exclusively found in the tibia. Because of its scarcity, there are only a handful of reported cases of adamantinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA). We report a case of a 30-year-old woman seen at The Johns Hopkins Hospital for a 2.5-cm lytic lesion in the distal diaphysis of the tibia. A computed tomography-guided FNA of the lesion revealed a moderately cellular lesion consisting of a biphasic admixture of epithelioid cells seen singly and in fragments. These cells had round to oval nuclei with pale chromatin and well-formed nuclear grooves. The other population had more elongated nuclei and spindled appearance. An immunostain for cytokeratin was positive, supporting the diagnosis of adamantinoma. Due primarily to its rarity, the diagnosis of adamantinoma on FNA can be challenging and must be made in the context of its characteristic clinical and radiographic setting.

  16. Intranuclear Pseudo-inclusions and Grooves in Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumor.

    PubMed

    Mokhtari, Maral; Kumar, Perikala Vijayananda

    2016-02-01

    Cytologic findings of pulmonary carcinoid have been well described. We report new cytological findings in a case of carcinoid tumor. The patient is a 36-year-old man presenting with hemoptysis of about six months in duration. Chest CT scans showed a well-defined round polypoid lesion measuring 1 × 1 cm within the right upper lobe of the bronchus with hyperinflation of the right upper lobe. Trans-bronchial fine needle aspiration and biopsy were done. Cytologic smears showed isolated and loose clusters of uniform round to spindle shape cells with round centrally located nuclei, fine granular (salt and pepper) chromatin and pale cytoplasm. Intranuclear pseudo-inclusions and grooves were seen in some tumor cells. No mitotic figures or necrosis were evident. A cytological diagnosis of carcinoid tumor was made and histopathologic examination and subsequent immunohistochemical study confirmed the diagnosis. Carcinoid tumor may be reliably diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology smears. Intranuclear pseudo-inclusions and grooves may be evident in tumor cells.

  17. Basic technique in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration for solid lesions: What needle is the best?

    PubMed Central

    Lachter, Jesse

    2014-01-01

    Basic technique for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) of solid lesions has developed during 30 years of EUS, as endoscopes and accessory equipment, particularly needles, have been developed. Systematic high-quality examinations require understanding and planning. Needles used for EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) have gone through many improvements; some 18 characteristics of any needle are presented and these come under consideration whenever choosing the best needle for each procedure. The bright future of EUS and FNA for solid lesions currently still leaves much room for continued developments. PMID:24949410

  18. Transperineal prostate biopsy under magnetic resonance image guidance: a needle placement accuracy study.

    PubMed

    Blumenfeld, Philip; Hata, Nobuhiko; DiMaio, Simon; Zou, Kelly; Haker, Steven; Fichtinger, Gabor; Tempany, Clare M C

    2007-09-01

    To quantify needle placement accuracy of magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided core needle biopsy of the prostate. A total of 10 biopsies were performed with 18-gauge (G) core biopsy needle via a percutaneous transperineal approach. Needle placement error was assessed by comparing the coordinates of preplanned targets with the needle tip measured from the intraprocedural coherent gradient echo images. The source of these errors was subsequently investigated by measuring displacement caused by needle deflection and needle susceptibility artifact shift in controlled phantom studies. Needle placement error due to misalignment of the needle template guide was also evaluated. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of errors in targeted biopsies was 6.5 +/- 3.5 mm. Phantom experiments showed significant placement error due to needle deflection with a needle with an asymmetrically beveled tip (3.2-8.7 mm depending on tissue type) but significantly smaller error with a symmetrical bevel (0.6-1.1 mm). Needle susceptibility artifacts observed a shift of 1.6 +/- 0.4 mm from the true needle axis. Misalignment of the needle template guide contributed an error of 1.5 +/- 0.3 mm. Needle placement error was clinically significant in MRI-guided biopsy for diagnosis of prostate cancer. Needle placement error due to needle deflection was the most significant cause of error, especially for needles with an asymmetrical bevel. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. Improved tissue sections for medical liver biopsies: a comparison of 16 vs 18 g biopsy needles using digital pathology.

    PubMed

    Palmer, Timothy; Georgiades, Izabela; Treanor, Darren; Wright, Alexander; Shah, Mushtaq; Khosla, Randeep; Wyatt, Judith I

    2014-05-01

    Most medical liver biopsies in the UK are now taken in radiology departments using 18 g biopsy needles. Subjectively, the resulting biopsies are narrow and fragile. To compare the quality of liver biopsy tissue sections obtained from 16 and 18 g biopsy needles. Fifty consecutive routine medical liver biopsies obtained with 16 and 18 g needles, processed identically in the same laboratory, were measured using digital pathology software. We recorded their fragmentation, length, width, area and number of portal tracts. Biopsies obtained with 16 g needles more often resulted in an intact core in tissue sections than those with 18 g needles (71% vs 24%, p<0.001) and were significantly wider (average width of tissue 0.88 vs 0.53 mm, p<0.001). The average total area of tissue per pass was 11.38 mm(2) compared with 8.34 mm(2) (p<0.001). The number of complete portal tracts per length of biopsy was very variable, but double for 16 vs 18 g biopsies. Routinely taking two passes with the 18 g needle compensated for the reduced area, but the resulting liver in tissue sections was fragmented and distorted. Our results support the routine use of 16 g rather than 18 g biopsy needles for routine ultrasound-guided medical liver biopsies. A second pass should be considered if the first biopsy core is short, especially for investigation of disease stage.

  20. Adequacy and accuracy of salivary gland fine needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Mohammed Nur, M; Murphy, M

    2016-08-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a widely utilized procedure in the preoperative assessment of salivary gland mass lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the adequacy of salivary gland FNA specimens and the accuracy of the cytological diagnoses made at a single institution over a 13-year period. All salivary gland FNAs performed at University Hospital Waterford between 2000 and 2013 were reviewed. Specimens were categorized into those performed by pathologists, radiologists or surgeons and adequacy determined for each. Cases with subsequent surgery had their histology reviewed and compared with cytology for concordance. Of 262 salivary gland FNAs 93.1 % were from parotids and 6.9 % from submandibular glands. Thirty-four FNAs (13 %) were inadequate. The inadequacy rates for pathologists, radiologists and surgeons were 11, 9.1 and 20 %, respectively (p = 0.101). Pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent cytological diagnosis (53.5 %) followed by primary and secondary malignancies (15.8 %), inflammatory conditions (11.4 %) and Warthin tumour (10.1 %). The histology and cytology were discordant in 13.3 % of 143 cases. The sensitivity and specificity for malignancies were 80.7 and 98.2 %, respectively. Salivary gland FNAC has good sensitivity and specificity. Radiologists and pathologists have the best adequacy rates and image guidance makes radiologists good aspirators.

  1. Fine Needle Aspiration: An Atraumatic Method to Diagnose Head and Neck Masses

    PubMed Central

    Akhavan-Moghadam, Jamal; Afaaghi, Mahdi; Maleki, Ali Reza; Saburi, Amin

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients presenting with a mass require tissue biopsy for histological diagnosis and treatment. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is offered as an atraumatic, well tolerated, and inexpensive method for obtaining a biopsy from these lesions. Objectives In this study we evaluated the accuracy of FNA as an atraumatic method among patients with nonthyroidal masses for diagnosis of neoplastic masses compared to open surgery. Patients and Methods In a cross-sectional study, 65 patients with a head and neck masses (nonthyroidal) referred to us from 2004 to 2009. Those who had both FNA and open biopsy (the gold standard) were assessed for specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values of FNA in diagnoses. Results Sixty-five cases with both definite diagnoses of open biopsy and FNA were assessed. The mean (± standard deviation) age of patients was 39.96 ± 19.69 years (range 10 to 82 years). Twenty-five (40.8%) subjects were categorized as malignant neoplasms, 16 (19.4%) as benign neoplasms, and 24 (39.8%) as non-neoplastic lesions. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and also negative predictive values of FNA in the diagnosis of neoplastic masses were 95%, 85%, 92.68%, and 91.66% respectively, and the diagnostic accuracy was 92.3%. Conclusions It seems that FNA is a useful atraumatic diagnostic technique with a high diagnostic accuracy which can provide a highly sensitive diagnosis with low false positive diagnoses in patients with nonthyroidal masses. PMID:24350168

  2. Fine needle aspiration cytology of metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Ostović, Karmen Trutin; Haris, Visnja; Miletić, Zorana; Lambasa, Smiljka; Lajtman, Zoran; Stoos-Veić, Tajana

    2010-06-01

    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is uncommon cutaneous malignant neuroendocrine tumour of the elderly people with rapidly growing skin nodules found frequently on sun-exposed areas of the body. MCC is often an aggressive tumour with high tendency for local recurrence, lymph node involvement and distant metastases. This paper reports a case of metastatic MCC diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), flow cytometric deoxiribonucleated acid (DNA) analysis, pathohistology and electron microscopy. The cytological features in aspirate (stained with Papenheim and Papanicolaou staining) included increased cellularity, discohesive groups of small-to-medium size malignant cells with uniform, round-to-oval nuclei with moulding effect, fine chromatin, multiple micronucleoli and scanty cytoplasm. DNA flow cytometric analysis of the aspirate showed unexpected results for clinically aggressive behaviour of this tumour (the patient died after 21 months), and revealed that tumour contained diploid peak with DNA index of 1.1. The proliferation was high with elevated S-phase fraction (21%). The cytological diagnosis of possible metastatic MCC was confirmed by histological one as well as by electron microscopy presented the pathognomonic features for this tumour: dense-core neurosecretory granules with diameter of 100-250 nm surrounded by whorls of intermediate filaments. MCC provides an enormous challenge for the morphologist because of a wide range of differential diagnosis and for the clinician because this tumour has a highly malignant potential for local recurrence, nodal and distant spread and very often is combined with other tumours. Therefore it is important to perform FNAC of different lesions in the same patient because it can distinguish MCC from the other tumours.

  3. Comparison on the use of semi-automated and automated core biopsy needle in ultrasound guided breast biopsy.

    PubMed

    Sridharan, R; Yunos, S M; Aziz, S; Hussain, R I; Alhabshi, S M; Suria Hayati, M P; Saladina, J J; Zulfiqar, M A

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the use of semi-automated (Medax Velox 2; Poggio Rusco, Italy) and automated (Bard Magnum Biopsy Instrument; Covington, GA, USA) core biopsy needles, for ultrasound guided breast biopsy. A 14G semi-automatic spring loaded core biopsy needle with a 22-mm-throw (Medax Velox 2; Poggio Rusco, Italy) and 14-gauge automated needle device with a 22-mm-throw biopsy gun (Bard-Magnum Biopsy Instrument, Covington, GA, USA) were used for breast biopsies under ultrasound guidance on alternate months during the study period between July 2009 and May 2011. One hundred and sixty lesions were biopsied and specimens were sent for histological evaluation. The automated needle obtained a higher number of histology reports at 84% (67/80) as compared with the semiautomated needle at 60% (48/80) (Fisher exact test, p value=0.023). Inadequate samples with the automated needle were much less at 9% (7/60) than with the semiautomated needle at 23% (18/60) (Fisher exact test, p value=0.028). The semi-automated needle showed slightly less fragmented samples. However, the number of fragmented samples with definitive diagnosis was slightly higher with the automated compared with the semiautomated needle, at 16% (13/80) and 13% (10/80) respectively. Compared with histology of 29 lesions that were excised, the semi-automated needle had higher sensitivity (100%) but lower specificity (75%) and accuracy (90%) compared with the automated needle (88% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 95% accuracy). Definitive diagnosis from the study samples slightly favours the use of automated core biopsy needle as compared to semi-automated core biopsy needle.

  4. Image-guided core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Skelton, E; Jewison, A; Okpaluba, C; Sallomi, J; Lowe, J; Ramesar, K; Grace, R; Howlett, D C

    2015-07-01

    Current European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) guidelines recommend that when feasible, surgical excision biopsy (SEB) is the ideal for diagnosis, sub-typing and grading of malignant lymphoma. We undertook this retrospective study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of image-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) in the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma, to identify the proportion of cases from which oncological treatment was subsequently instigated from the CNB diagnosis, and to evaluate the potential role for minimally invasive CNB techniques in the diagnostic pathway of malignant lymphoma. All cases of lymphoma amenable to CNB between 2008 and 2013 were included. Patient records were reviewed to identify the biopsy diagnostic pathway undertaken (fine needle aspiration cytology, CNB, surgical excision biopsy). CNB specimens were graded as fully diagnostic (tumour sub-typing/grading and treatment initiated), partially diagnostic (diagnosis of lymphoma but more tissue required for sub-typing/grading), equivocal or inadequate. The effects of anatomical location, needle gauge, number of core specimens and sub-type of disease on the diagnostic yield of the sample were analysed. 262 patients and 323 biopsy specimens were included in the study. 237 patients underwent CNB as the initial diagnostic intervention. In 230/237 CNB was fully diagnostic (97%), allowing initiation of treatment. In 7 patients, SEB was necessary in addition to CNB to provide additional diagnostic information to allow initiation of treatment. In 72 patients, SEB was the only diagnostic test performed. Our study showed that in 97% of suitable cases, CNB provided sufficient diagnostic information to allow treatment of malignant lymphoma to be instigated. This minimally-invasive technique is well tolerated and has advantages over surgical techniques, including reduced costs, post-procedural complications and delays on the diagnostic pathway. CNB may obviate the use of surgical techniques in the majority of

  5. Fine needle aspiration cytology in lesions of oral and maxillofacial region: Diagnostic pitfalls

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Sunita; Garg, Natasha; Gupta, Sumiti; Marwah, Nisha; Kalra, Rajneesh; Singh, Virender; Sen, Rajeev

    2011-01-01

    Background: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of oral and maxillofacial region has not been widely utilized for diagnosis due to diversity of lesion types, heterogeneity of cell populations and difficulties in reaching and aspirating these lesions. Aim: Our aim was to demonstrate the effectiveness of this cheap and simple procedure for the diagnosis of tumor and tumor like lesions of oral and maxillofacial region. In addition, we sought to highlight probable causes of errors in the cases showing lack of correlation between cytological and histological diagnoses. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 50 patients of all age groups with various palpable lesions in the oromaxillofacial region. A comparison between cytological and histological diagnosis was done wherever biopsy material was available. Results: The rate of unsatisfactory FNA was 4%. There were six false negative cases but no false positive case. The sensitivity of our study ranged from 77.7 to 75% including and excluding the suspicious cases, respectively. Specificity and positive predictive value was 100%. Conclusion: FNAC is a minimally invasive, highly accurate and cost-effective procedure for the assessment of patients with oromaxillofacial lesions. When applied in a proper manner, FNAC can help avoid a surgical biopsy in many cases. PMID:21897540

  6. Electrical property sensing biopsy needle for prostate cancer detection.

    PubMed

    Mishra, V; Schned, A R; Hartov, A; Heaney, J A; Seigne, J; Halter, R J

    2013-11-01

    Significant electrical property differences have been demonstrated to exist between malignant and benign prostate tissues. We evaluated how well a custom designed clinically deployable electrical property sensing biopsy needle is able to discriminate between these tissue types in an ex vivo prostate model. An electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) sensing biopsy (Bx) needle was developed to record resistive (ρR) and reactive (ρX) components of electrical impedance from 100 Hz to 1 MHz. Standard twelve-core biopsy protocols were followed, in which the EIS-Bx device was used to gauge electrical properties prior to extracting tissue cores through biopsy needle firing from 36 ex vivo human prostates. Histopathological assessment of the cores was statistically compared to the impedance spectrum gauged from each core. The magnitudes of the mean resistive and reactive components were significantly higher in cancer tissues (P < 0.05). ROC curves showed that ρR at 63.09 kHz was optimal for discriminating cancer from benign tissues; this parameter had 75.4% specificity, 76.1% sensitivity, and ROC AUC of 0.779. Similarly, 251.1 kHz was optimal when using ρX to discriminate cancer from benign tissues; this parameter had a 77.9% specificity, 71.4% sensitivity, and ROC AUC of 0.79. Significant electrical property differences noted between benign and malignant prostate tissues suggest the potential efficacy an EIS-Bx device would provide for cancer detection in a clinical setting. By sensing a greater fraction of the prostate's volume in real-time, the EIS-Bx device has the potential to improve the accuracy of cancer grading and volume estimation made with current biopsy procedures. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Temporal-based needle segmentation algorithm for transrectal ultrasound prostate biopsy procedures.

    PubMed

    Cool, Derek W; Gardi, Lori; Romagnoli, Cesare; Saikaly, Manale; Izawa, Jonathan I; Fenster, Aaron

    2010-04-01

    Automatic identification of the biopsy-core tissue location during a prostate biopsy procedure would provide verification that targets were adequately sampled and would allow for appropriate intraprocedure biopsy target modification. Localization of the biopsy core requires accurate segmentation of the biopsy needle and needle tip from transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy images. A temporal-based TRUS needle segmentation algorithm was developed specifically for the prostate biopsy procedure to automatically identify the TRUS image containing the biopsy needle from a collection of 2D TRUS images and to segment the biopsy-core location from the 2D TRUS image. The temporal-based segmentation algorithm performs a temporal analysis on a series of biopsy TRUS images collected throughout needle insertion and withdrawal. Following the identification of points of needle insertion and retraction, the needle axis is segmented using a Hough transform-based algorithm, which is followed by a temporospectral TRUS analysis to identify the biopsy-needle tip. Validation of the temporal-based algorithm is performed on 108 TRUS biopsy sequences collected from the procedures of ten patients. The success of the temporal search to identify the proper images was manually assessed, while the accuracies of the needle-axis and needle-tip segmentations were quantitatively compared to implementations of two other needle segmentation algorithms within the literature. The needle segmentation algorithm demonstrated a >99% accuracy in identifying the TRUS image at the moment of needle insertion from the collection of real-time TRUS images throughout the insertion and withdrawal of the biopsy needle. The segmented biopsy-needle axes were accurate to within 2.3 +/- 2.0 degrees and 0.48 +/- 0.42 mm of the gold standard. Identification of the needle tip to within half of the biopsy-core length (<10 mm) was 95% successful with a mean error of 2.4 +/- 4.0 mm. Needle-tip detection using the temporal

  8. Transvenous Transjugular Renal Core Biopsy with a Redesigned Biopsy Set Including a Blunt-Tipped Needle

    SciTech Connect

    Sofocleous, Constantinos T.; Bahramipour, Philip; Mele, Christopher; Hinrichs, Clay R.; Barone, Alison; Abujudeh, Hani

    2002-03-15

    A novel 19-gauge, blunt-tipped, side cutting single throw, 70-cm long transjugular needle, specifically designed for transvenous kidney biopsy, was used in seven patients with high risk for bleeding. A mean of 4 device-passes (3-6) per patient resulted in a satisfactory specimen for pathological diagnosis. Immediate post-biopsy non enhanced CT was performed to evaluate for bleeding at the biopsy site. All patients were observed for 2 hr after the procedure. No clinically significant immediate or late complication was noted.

  9. Core Needle Biopsy of the Thyroid: 2016 Consensus Statement and Recommendations from Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology

    PubMed Central

    Na, Dong Gyu; Jung, So Lyung; Kim, Ji-hoon; Sung, Jin Yong; Kim, Kyu Sun; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Shin, Jung Hee; Choi, Yoon Jung; Ha, Eun Ju; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Kim, Soo Jin; Hahn, Soo Yeon; Lee, Kwang Hwi; Choi, Young Jun; Youn, Inyoung; Kim, Young Joong; Ahn, Hye Shin; Ryu, Ji Hwa; Baek, Seon Mi; Sim, Jung Suk; Jung, Chan Kwon; Lee, Joon Hyung

    2017-01-01

    Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been suggested as a complementary diagnostic method to fine-needle aspiration in patients with thyroid nodules. Many recent CNB studies have suggested a more advanced role for CNB, but there are still no guidelines on its use. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed the present consensus statement and recommendations for the role of CNB in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence from the current literature and expert consensus. PMID:28096731

  10. Paratesticular congenital malignant rhabdoid tumor diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. a case report.

    PubMed

    Salamanca, Javier; Rodríguez-Peralto, José Luis; Azorín, Daniel; Ballestín, Claudio; De Agustín, Pedro

    2004-01-01

    We report the FNA features of a congenital malignant extrarenal rhabdoid tumor (MERT) located in the right paratesticular area of a newborn full-term boy (39 wk gestation), with disseminated metastases in the liver and right parietal region. The diagnosis was suggested two days after birth by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the parietal mass, which demonstrated an atypical large cell proliferation with vesicular nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and abundant cytoplasm exhibiting paranuclear dense inclusions. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic and immunohistochemical examination of the primary paratesticular tumor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third MERT reported in the paratesticular region, one of the few congenital extrarenal non-central nervous system cases, and the third congenital case (renal or extrarenal) primarily diagnosed by FNAB. We emphasize the characteristic cytologic features of a congenital rhabdoid tumor, which must be known by pathologists because of the clinical and prognostic implications. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2004;30:46-50.

  11. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of adrenal lesions

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Rashmee; Ona, Mel A.; Papafragkakis, Charilaos; Duddempudi, Sushil; Anand, Sury; Jamil, Laith H.

    2016-01-01

    The use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) appears to be a safe and feasible means of confirming or excluding malignancy in the adrenal glands. EUS-FNA with biopsy of suspicious masses in either adrenal gland allows for assessment of these lesions while keeping complications relatively rare. The main advantages of EUS-FNA are that it can be done as an outpatient procedure, with good results, minimal morbidity, and a short hospital stay. Nevertheless, EUS-FNA of adrenal masses should be indicated only in selected cases, in which there is potential to either decrease unnecessary treatment or guide therapy in cancer patients by aiding in either staging of malignancy or treatment of recurrence.v PMID:27366030

  12. Myofibromatosis: Utility of fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of an underreported entity

    PubMed Central

    Poflee, Sandhya V; Bode, Anjali N; Chavarkar, Sneha; Umap, Pradeep S

    2017-01-01

    Myofibromatosis (MFS) was recognized as a distinct form of childhood fibromatosis. Infantile myofibromatosis (IMF) is now identified as a solitary or multicentric tumor that predominantly occurs in neonates and infants. The adult counterpart of IMF, though of rare occurrence, is identified and is known as MFS. Morphological diagnosis of MFS is made by histopathological examination of the biopsy or surgically excised mass and confirmed on the basis of specific immunoprofile. We report a case of multicentric MFS occurring in an adolescent in whom diagnosis was suggested on the basis of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) that avoided surgical excision of multiple nodules. The diagnosis was later confirmed on histopathological study and contributory immunohistochemical markers. Details of the clinical features and cytological diagnosis of the case are provided to diminish the paucity of available literature on FNAC diagnosis of the rare disease. PMID:28182064

  13. Core needle biopsies and surgical excision biopsies in the diagnosis of lymphoma-experience at the Lymph Node Registry Kiel.

    PubMed

    Johl, Alice; Lengfelder, Eva; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Klapper, Wolfram

    2016-08-01

    Current guidelines of the European Society of Medical Oncology recommend surgical excision biopsies of lymph nodes for the diagnosis of lymphoma whenever possible. However, core needle biopsies are increasingly used. We aimed to understand the common practice to choose the method of biopsy in Germany. Furthermore, we wanted to understand performance of surgical excision and core needle biopsies of lymph nodes in the diagnosis of lymphoma. The files of 1510 unselected, consecutive lymph node specimens from a consultation center for lymphoma diagnosis were analyzed. Core needle biopsies were obtained frequently from lymph nodes localized in mediastinal, abdominal, retroperitoneal, or thoracic regions. Patients undergoing core needle biopsies were significantly older and suffered significantly more often from lymphoma than patients undergoing surgical excision biopsies. Although more immunohistochemical tests were ordered by the pathologist for core needle biopsies specimens than for surgical excision biopsies specimens, core needle biopsies did not yield a definite diagnosis in 8.3 % of cases, compared to 2.8 % for SEB (p = 0.0003). Restricting the analysis to cases with a final diagnosis of follicular lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, core needle biopsies identified a simultaneous low- and high-grade lymphoma (transformation) in 3.3 % of cases, compared to 7.6 % for surgical excision biopsies (p = 0.2317). In Germany, core needle biopsies are preferentially used in elderly patients with a high likelihood of suffering from lymphoma. Core needle appeared inferior to surgical excision biopsies at providing a definite diagnosis and at identifying multiple lymphoma differentiations and transformation.

  14. Optimizing EUS-guided liver biopsy sampling: comprehensive assessment of needle types and tissue acquisition techniques.

    PubMed

    Schulman, Allison R; Thompson, Christopher C; Odze, Robert; Chan, Walter W; Ryou, Marvin

    2017-02-01

    EUS-guided liver biopsy sampling using FNA and, more recently, fine-needle biopsy (FNB) needles has been reported with discrepant diagnostic accuracy, in part due to differences in methodology. We aimed to compare liver histologic yields of 4 EUS-based needles and 2 percutaneous needles to identify optimal number of needle passes and suction. Six needle types were tested on human cadaveric tissue: one 19G FNA needle, one existing 19G FNB needle, one novel 19G FNB needle, one 22G FNB needle, and two 18G percutaneous needles (18G1 and 18G2). Two needle excursion patterns (1 vs 3 fanning passes) were performed on all EUS needles. Primary outcome was number of portal tracts. Secondary outcomes were degree of fragmentation and specimen adequacy. Pairwise comparisons were performed using t tests, with a 2-sided P < .05 considered to be significant. Multivariable regression analysis was performed. In total, 288 liver biopsy samplings (48 per needle type) were performed. The novel 19G FNB needle had significantly increased mean portal tracts compared with all needle types. The 22G FNB needle had significantly increased portal tracts compared with the 18G1 needle (3.8 vs 2.5, P < .001) and was not statistically different from the 18G2 needle (3.8 vs 3.5, P = .68). FNB needles (P < .001) and 3 fanning passes (P ≤ .001) were independent predictors of the number of portal tracts. A novel 19G EUS-guided liver biopsy needle provides superior histologic yield compared with 18G percutaneous needles and existing 19G FNA and core needles. Moreover, the 22G FNB needle may be adequate for liver biopsy sampling. Investigations are underway to determine whether these results can be replicated in a clinical setting. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. The diagnostic ability of core needle biopsy in nodular thyroid disease.

    PubMed

    Aysan, E; Kiran, T; Idiz, U O; Guler, B; Akbulut, H; Kunduz, E; Arici, S; Kadakal, G; Ozgor, M; Coci, K

    2017-03-01

    INTRODUCTION Non-diagnostic results of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) remain an important limitation of this technqiue. The aim of our study was to evaluate the results of core needle biopsy (CNB) of thyroid nodules and its effectiveness in non-diagnostic FNAB cases. METHODS CNBs were performed in 1,000 patients (154 male, 846 female; mean age: 50.2 years, range: 18-86 years) with a spring loaded 20G needle. Of these, 143 had initially had FNABs that were insufficient for evaluation. The CNB reports were reviewed. Patients with suspicious or malignant CNB results underwent total thyroidectomy. RESULTS When considering all 1,000 CNBs, the non-diagnostic rate was 1.5% (15/1,000). However, when the first 100 cases were eliminated as a learning curve, this reduced to 0.9% (8/900). Of the 143 cases with initial FNABs that were non-diagnostic, 0.7% (1/143) were also non-diagnostic on CNB. Twelve patients underwent surgery because of malignant CNB reports and all of these cases were confirmed as malignant by the postoperative pathology specimen results (100% accuracy). There were no major complications although three self-limiting minor complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS CNB is a safe and accurate method. It is more diagnostic than FNAB for nodular thyroid disease.

  16. [Ultrasound-guided biopsies for breast nodules: value of automatic biopsy needle].

    PubMed

    Belin, X; Sauval, P; Tranbaloc, P; Millet, P; Kinkel, K; Touraine, P; Chabriais, J; Moreau, J F

    1996-05-01

    Within 18 month, 83 solid breast nodules were biopsied with a long throw biopsy gun with 18 gauge needle (Monopty, Bard Urological, Covington) and a 13 Mhz real time AU 530 (Easote Biomedica, Italy) for the ultrasound guidance. The biopsy procedure was well tolerated with no serious complications, and with no insufficient material. US guided biopsy detected 9 cancers, 47 specific benign lesions (39 fibroadenomas, 1 lipofibroadenoma, 4 sclerosing adenoses, 1 fibromatosis, 1 cyst, 1 lymphadenopathy) and 27 non specific benign fibrocystic dystrophy. In 14 out of the 15 nodules surgically removed, the histological diagnoses were identical. In the one remaining case a fibroadenomas was assessed. In the 36 other cases no evolution occurred. US guided core biopsy with automatic device is probably a very useful approach of uncertain pathological diagnoses in mastology.

  17. Usefulness of endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling using core biopsy needle as a percutaneous biopsy rescue for diagnosis of solid liver mass: Combined histological-cytological analysis.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yun Nah; Moon, Jong Ho; Kim, Hee Kyung; Choi, Hyun Jong; Choi, Moon Han; Kim, Dong Choon; Lee, Tae Hee; Lee, Tae Hoon; Cha, Sang-Woo; Kim, Sang Gyune; Kim, Young Seok

    2015-07-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is one of the alternative methods for tissue sampling of liver solid mass. However, the diagnostic efficacy using cytology alone was limited. In this study, we evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) as a percutaneous biopsy rescue for liver solid mass. The EUS-FNB using core biopsy needle for liver solid mass was performed prospectively for patients who were failure to acquire a tissue or achieve a diagnosis using percutaneous liver biopsy. The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNB for malignancy and specific tumor type. The secondary outcomes were the median numbers of passes required to establish a diagnosis, the proportions of patients in whom immunohistochemical (IHC) stain was possible and obtained adequate specimen, and safety of EUS-FNB. Twenty-one patients (12 women; mean age, 63 years [range, 37-81]) underwent EUS-FNB for solid liver masses. The median number of needle passes was 2.0 (range, 1-5). On-site cytology and cytology with Papanicolaou stain showed malignancy in 16 patients (76.2%) and 17 patients (81.0%), respectively. In histology with HE stain, 19 patients (90.5%) were diagnosed malignancy and optimal to IHC stain. The overall diagnostic accuracy for malignancy and specific tumor type were 90.5% and 85.7%, respectively. No complications were seen. EUS-FNB with core biopsy needle for solid liver mass may be helpful in the management of patients who are unable to diagnose using percutaneous liver biopsy. © 2015 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  18. Yield of new versus reused endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration needles: A retrospective analysis of 500 patients

    PubMed Central

    Dhooria, Sahajal; Sehgal, Inderpaul Singh; Gupta, Nalini; Ram, Babu; Aggarwal, Ashutosh Nath; Behera, Digambar; Agarwal, Ritesh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) requires a dedicated needle for aspiration of mediastinal lesions. There is no data on reuse of these needles. Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA with either new or reused EBUS-TBNA needles. The needles were reused after thorough cleaning with filtered water and organic cleaning solution, disinfection with 2.4% glutaraldehyde solution followed by ethylene oxide sterilization. The yield of EBUS-TBNA was compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 500 EBUS-TBNA procedures (351 new, 149 reused needles) were performed. The baseline characteristics were different in the two groups with suspected granulomatous disorders (sarcoidosis or tuberculosis) being significantly more common in the new compared to the reused needle group. Similarly, the median, interquartile range number of lymph node stations sampled, and the total number of passes were significantly higher in the new versus the reused needle group. The diagnostic yield was significantly higher with new needle as compared to reused needle (65.2% vs. 53.7%, P = 0.02). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, clinical suspicion of granulomatous disorders (odds ratio 1.86 [95% confidence interval, 1.20-2.87], P = 0.005) was the only predictor of diagnostic yield, after adjusting for the type of needle (new or reused), total number of passes and the number of lymph node stations sampled. No case of mediastinitis was encountered in either group. Conclusions: The yield of EBUS-TBNA might be similar with single reuse of needles as compared to new needles. However, reuse of needle should be performed only when absolutely necessary. PMID:27578927

  19. Diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma on fine-needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Lew, Madelyn; Foo, Wen-Chi; Roh, Michael H

    2014-10-01

    Fine-needle aspiration has assumed an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with advanced stage cancer. Given its predilection for metastases to distant sites and organs at the time of presentation, metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not infrequently encountered in the setting of fine-needle aspiration for initial diagnosis. In some instances, fine-needle aspiration may be the only opportunity to obtain diagnostic tissue to diagnose and subclassify RCC. Therefore, cytopathologists and cytotechnologists should be familiar with and recognize the cytomorphology of RCC and the ancillary studies that can be used to confirm and subclassify RCC. Herein, we describe a case of metastatic RCC initially diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration, discuss the cytomorphologic features of RCC subtypes, and review pertinent ancillary immunohistochemical and cytogenetic adjuncts.

  20. Pseudoglandular formations in clot sections from fine needle aspirates--an artefact caused by bubble formation during aspiration.

    PubMed

    Keen, C E; Karim, A

    1999-07-01

    To report the occurrence of an uncommon artefact producing pseudoglandular formations in clot sections from haemorrhagic fine needle aspirations. All available histological material from 610 fine needle aspirations by pathologists (23 g needle) over a five year period was reviewed. The frequency and associations of the pseudoglandular artefact was assessed. Clot sections were prepared in 41 of the 610 cases (7%). Bubbles were present in the clots in 22 of these cases (54%), and in three cases (7%) these were lined by lymphocytes creating pseudoglandular formations. These were two lymph node aspirates and one thyroid aspirate. In four further cases lesser numbers of cells partly lined some of the bubbles; these were lymphocytes, macrophages, or in one case, thyroid epithelial cells. When clot sections are prepared in cases of haemorrhagic fine needle aspiration, bubbles are often produced during suction; these can on occasion become lined by lymphocytes or other cells, leading to pseudoglandular formations. Recognition of this artefact will prevent unnecessary further investigation of their nature.

  1. [Diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in parotid tumours].

    PubMed

    Zerpa Zerpa, Vanessa; Cuesta Gonzáles, Maria Teresa; Agostini Porras, Gabriela; Marcano Acuña, Martin; Estellés Ferriol, Enrique; Dalmau Galofre, José

    2014-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a globally accepted technique in the preoperative evaluations of head and neck tumours; however, the effectiveness in the interpretation of salivary glands neoplastic lesions is still controversial. The objective of this study consisted of assessing the efficacy of FNAC in preoperative diagnosis of parotid tumours. This retrospective study was conducted using 93 patient samples with parotid gland tumoral pathology, treated at the Otorhinolaryngology Department in our institution during the 2007-2011 period. Preoperative FNAC was employed and the patients subsequently submitted to surgical excision with histopathological diagnosis of the specimen. Cytology results were classified as negative for malignancy, positive for malignancy or insufficient sample, and later compared with the definitive histological diagnosis. The mean age of the studied sample was 52.9 years (range: 11 to 88 years); 55.9% were men. The FNAC showed significant sensitivity of 57.1%, with a specificity of 95.1%, for detecting malignancy in parotid gland tumours. The positive and negative predictive values for malignancy were 50 and 96.3%, respectively. FNAC is considered a simple test but of limited use for diagnostic guidance in tumour pathology of the parotid gland in our environment, mainly because of its low sensitivity. However, the high specificity and high negative predictive value of FNAC makes it a more accurate test in benign or negative result cases. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  2. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology Utility in Salivary Gland Tumor Diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Aniruddha; Sharma, Nishi; Sharma, Shweta

    2017-06-01

    We aimed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of tumors by using immunocytochemistry (IHC) on destained smears to correlate the cytological findings with histopathology and/or IHC for final evaluation of results. We have done a randomized and prospective double-blind study. Forty-six clinically suspected patients of salivary gland tumor were enrolled for study. Those with non-neoplastic\\ inflammatory salivary gland pathologies and swellings other than salivary gland origin were excluded from the study. The Fine needle aspiration cytological (FNAC) diagnosis of all the patients was compared with the corresponding histopathology. Sensitivity and specificity of FNAC in diagnosing malignancy were 91.3 and 100 %. Diagnostic accuracy of FNAC for malignant tumors was 95.65 %. In our study kappa value came out to be 0.88 (p value <0.00), which indicated an excellent agreement between histological and cytological typing of salivary gland tumors. FNAC is a highly sensitive and specific technique for diagnosis of salivary gland tumors. Histopathology however is the gold standard for diagnosis, classification and grading of tumors. Immuno-cytochemistry can act as adjuvant in diagnosing salivary gland tumors, however it did not help in improving the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC in our study. Considering an excellent agreement between cytology and histology, a type specific diagnosis can be reached on FNAC of salivary gland tumors.

  3. Diagnostic utility of fine-needle aspiration cytology in the management of liver disease in a district hospital.

    PubMed

    Shiramba, T L; Lodenyo, H A; Kabanga, J M; Kuria, J K

    2010-04-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a cost effective technique of obtaining cellular specimens for diagnoses. It has many advantages over large needle core biopsies that makes it quite suitable for outpatient department and institutions without facilities for histopathology diagnosis. Any site of the body can be sampled with FNA technique. To assess the diagnostic utility of fine needle aspiration cytology technique in management of patients with liver disease in resource limited settings. Prospective cross sectional study. Patient evaluation and FNA aspiration were done in Murang'a and Machakos district hospitals and specimen staining and microscopy were done in Centre for Clinical Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute. Patients who were suspected to have liver disease were referred to the medical outpatient clinics in Murang'a and Machakos district hospitals for evaluation. In addition those on the medical wards in the two hospitals who were suspected to have liver disease were also evaluated. The patients with liver disease were identified after physical and abdominal ultrasound examination. Those with hepatomegaly were selected for the study. Liver fine needle aspiration was done using 21 gauge fine needle attached to a 10 ml syringe. Focal lesions were targeted as much as possible. Thin smears of specimens obtained were spread onto microscope slides which were then dropped into 95% ethanol and left for 30 min in order to fix the material. The slides were then removed, dried and transported to KEMRI where they were stained with Papanicolaou stain then evaluated on the light microscope. One hundred and twenty patients with suspected liver disease were evaluated in the two hospitals; 70 in Machakos and 50 in Murang'a. Fifty patients were identified to have liver disease and fine needle aspiration done aseptically. Twenty one (42%) of the 50 patients had malignant cells; 15(30%) of the 50 patients had necrotic material aspirates 2 (4%) shoved fatty

  4. EUS-guided liver biopsy for parenchymal disease: a comparison of diagnostic yield between two core biopsy needles.

    PubMed

    Sey, Michael Sai Lai; Al-Haddad, Mohammad; Imperiale, Thomas F; McGreevy, Kathleen; Lin, Jingmei; DeWitt, John M

    2016-02-01

    EUS-guided biopsy of the liver has a variable diagnostic accuracy and specimen adequacy. A new core biopsy needle has been developed that may improve performance. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of a new core biopsy needle with the previous standard needle. In this cross-sectional study, consecutive patients who underwent EUS-guided core liver biopsy over a 7-year period for suspected parenchymal disease were prospectively evaluated. Between 2007 and 2011, all biopsies were performed with a 19-gauge Tru-cut biopsy needle (Quick-core [QC]), whereas a novel reverse bevel needle (PC) was used exclusively from 2011 to 2014. All specimens were examined by 1 of 3 experienced, blinded pathologists for the following: presence of visible core, aggregate specimen length, number of complete portal tracts, and specimen adequacy. A total of 75 patients (mean age 51 years, 51 female) underwent liver biopsy by using the QC (n = 45) or PC (n = 30) needle. The QC and PC groups had similar demographics, indications for EUS, indications for liver biopsy, and liver findings on EUS. Compared with those of the QC, biopsies with the PC required fewer passes (median 2 vs 3; P < .0001) but produced longer aggregate length (median 20 mm vs 9 mm; P < .0001) with more complete portal tracts (median 5 vs 2; P = .0003) and adequate specimens (P < .01). Two patients had abdominal pain after liver biopsy with the QC needle. Compared with the QC needle, EUS-guided core liver biopsy with the PC needle produced longer aggregate length, more complete portal tracts, and more adequate specimens despite fewer passes (Clinical trial registration number: NCT00586313.). Copyright © 2016 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Effect of a combined aspiration and core biopsy technique on quality of core bone marrow specimens.

    PubMed

    Reeder, Jason P; Hawkins, Eleanor C; Cora, Michelle C; Marks, Steven L; Grindem, Carol B

    2013-01-01

    For cases requiring both a bone marrow aspirate and core biopsy, using the same needle and site (i.e., a combined technique) can decrease time, expense, and discomfort compared with the independent (direct) collection of each specimen. The benefits of the combined approach should not be achieved at the expense of specimen quality. In this study, core bone marrow samples obtained from the proximal humerus of 26 dogs by a combined technique immediately posteuthanasia were compared with core samples obtained directly from the opposite humerus. Both core samples from each dog were compared for relative overall quality. Biopsies were unsuccessful in four dogs using the combined technique and in one dog by the direct technique. Marrow length was shorter and hemorrhage artifact was more common using the combined technique. There were no differences in cellularity, megakaryocyte count, the myeloid/erythroid ratio (M/E ratio), iron stores, or diagnostic quality. Direct core biopsy remains the ideal technique; however, the degree of compromise was small in the samples obtained from the combined technique. For clinical patients, the advantages of the combined technique must continue to be weighed against potential loss of diagnostic sensitivity.

  6. [Quality assurance of rapid on-site evaluation of CT-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of lung nodules].

    PubMed

    Bak, Mihály; Hidvégi, Judit; Andi, Judit; Bahéry, Mária; Kovács, Eszter; Schneider, Ferenc; Kostic, Szilárd; Rényi-Vámos, Ferenc; Szőke, János; Nyári, Tibor; Gődény, Mária; Kásler, Miklós

    2013-01-06

    The methods available for the diagnosis of lung cancer include radiologic, cytologic and pathologic procedures. The aim of this study was to determine the quality assurance of CT guided fine needle aspiration cytology of lung nodules. Cytology results were rated to 4 categories (positive; suspicious; negative; not representative). All cytology reports were compared with the final histology diagnosis. A total of 128 patients underwent CT-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy cytology (63 males; 65 females; mean age 62.8 years). Smears were adequate in 99 cases and inadequate in 29 cases. The average diameter of the nodules was 3.28 cm. Thirty three (25.6%) of the cases were histologically verified and 2 falsely negative and 2 falsely positive cases were detected. The sensitivity and the positive predictive value were 88.8% and 88.8%, respectively. Pneumothorax developed in 7 (5.4%) cases. These results suggest that CT-guided transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology has a high diagnostic accuracy and an acceptable complication rate. The auditing valves of the results meet the proposed threshold values.

  7. 22-gauge core vs 22-gauge aspiration needle for endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of abdominal masses.

    PubMed

    Sterlacci, William; Sioulas, Athanasios D; Veits, Lothar; Gönüllü, Pervin; Schachschal, Guido; Groth, Stefan; Anders, Mario; Kontos, Christos K; Topalidis, Theodoros; Hinsch, Andrea; Vieth, Michael; Rösch, Thomas; Denzer, Ulrike W

    2016-10-21

    To compare the aspiration needle (AN) and core biopsy needle (PC) in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of abdominal masses. Consecutive patients referred for EUS-FNA were included in this prospective single-center trial. Each patient underwent a puncture of the lesion with both standard 22-gauge (G) AN (Echo Tip Ultra; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Indiana, United States) and the novel 22G PC (EchoTip ProCore; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Indiana, United States) in a randomized fashion; histology was attempted in the PC group only. The main study endpoint was the overall diagnostic accuracy, including the contribution of histology to the final diagnosis. Secondary outcome measures included material adequacy, number of needle passes, and complications. Fifty six consecutive patients (29 men; mean age 68 years) with pancreatic lesions (n = 38), lymphadenopathy (n = 13), submucosal tumors (n = 4), or others lesions (n = 1) underwent EUS-FNA using both of the needles in a randomized order. AN and PC reached similar overall results for diagnostic accuracy (AN: 88.9 vs PC: 96.1, P = 0.25), specimen adequacy (AN: 96.4% vs PC: 91.1%, P = 0.38), mean number of passes (AN: 1.5 vs PC: 1.7, P = 0.14), mean cellularity score (AN: 1.7 vs PC: 1.1, P = 0.058), and complications (none). A diagnosis on the basis of histology was achieved in the PC group in 36 (64.3%) patients, and in 2 of those as the sole modality. In patients with available histology the mean cellularity score was higher for AN (AN: 1.7 vs PC: 1.0, P = 0.034); no other differences were of statistical significance. Both needles achieved high overall diagnostic yields and similar performance characteristics for cytological diagnosis; histological analysis was only possible in 2/3 of cases with the new needle.

  8. Fine needle aspiration cytology of supraclavicular lymph nodes: Our experience over a three-year period.

    PubMed

    Mitra, Sumit; Ray, Suchandra; Mitra, Pradip K

    2011-07-01

    This study was taken up with the aim to investigate the pattern of supraclavicular lymphadenopathy among patients presenting to our tertiary care institution, evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), and analyze the diagnostic pitfalls. A total of 215 patients were subjected to FNAC of supraclavicular lymph nodes over a three-year period (August 2006 to July 2009). Since in 18 patients as either the aspirate was inadequate or the opinion was equivocal, we analyzed the remaining 197 cases. Malignant pathology accounted for 79.7% (157/197) of the cases. These were mostly cases of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (79/197, 40.1%), adenocarcinoma (47/197, 23.9%), small cell carcinoma (12/197, 6.1%) and lymphoma (10/197, 5%). There were 28 (14.2%) cases of tuberculosis. Out of these 197 patients, 92 patients were biopsied. The opinion based on FNAC was erroneous in 6 cases but corroborated with the final histopathology findings in the remaining 86 cases. FNAC is an excellent first line of investigation; and when used with a proper combination of experience and diligence, it can greatly reduce the number of errors.

  9. Fine needle aspiration cytology of supraclavicular lymph nodes: Our experience over a three-year period

    PubMed Central

    Mitra, Sumit; Ray, Suchandra; Mitra, Pradip K

    2011-01-01

    Aims: This study was taken up with the aim to investigate the pattern of supraclavicular lymphadenopathy among patients presenting to our tertiary care institution, evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), and analyze the diagnostic pitfalls. Materials and Methods: A total of 215 patients were subjected to FNAC of supraclavicular lymph nodes over a three-year period (August 2006 to July 2009). Since in 18 patients as either the aspirate was inadequate or the opinion was equivocal, we analyzed the remaining 197 cases. Results: Malignant pathology accounted for 79.7% (157/197) of the cases. These were mostly cases of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (79/197, 40.1%), adenocarcinoma (47/197, 23.9%), small cell carcinoma (12/197, 6.1%) and lymphoma (10/197, 5%). There were 28 (14.2%) cases of tuberculosis. Out of these 197 patients, 92 patients were biopsied. The opinion based on FNAC was erroneous in 6 cases but corroborated with the final histopathology findings in the remaining 86 cases. Conclusion: FNAC is an excellent first line of investigation; and when used with a proper combination of experience and diligence, it can greatly reduce the number of errors. PMID:21897543

  10. Needle core vs open biopsy for diagnosis of intermediate- and high-risk neuroblastoma in children.

    PubMed

    Hassan, Saif F; Mathur, Shawn; Magliaro, Thomas J; Larimer, Emily L; Ferrell, Lauren B; Vasudevan, Sanjeev A; Patterson, Danielle M; Louis, Chrystal U; Russell, Heidi V; Nuchtern, Jed G; Kim, Eugene S

    2012-06-01

    Open biopsy has been the mainstay for definitive diagnosis of neuroblastoma in pediatric patients. However, needle core biopsy may represent a faster, less invasive, and safer alternative to open biopsy in children. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and efficacy between needle core and open biopsy in the diagnosis of patients with intermediate- and high-risk neuroblastoma at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of children with intermediate- and high-risk neuroblastoma who underwent open or needle core biopsies from 2002 to 2010. Data collected included patient demographics, tumor size, sample adequacy for diagnosis and risk stratification (histology and cytogenetics), length of hospital stay, time to initiate chemotherapy after biopsy, need for repeat biopsy, and both intraoperative and postoperative complications. Mann-Whitney U and Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis. During the study period, 7 patients underwent needle core primary biopsies (5 intermediate-risk primary tumors and 2 high-risk primary tumors), and 4 patients underwent needle core biopsy for metastatic tumors, whereas 21 patients had open biopsies (10, intermediate risk; 11, high risk). Median age at biopsy and median tumor size were similar in both groups. There was no significant difference in adequacy of biopsy, need for repeat biopsy, time to initiate chemotherapy, length of stay, or minor complications. The rate of major complications differed significantly between the 2 groups with 0% after needle core biopsy vs 48% after open biopsy (P = .027). In children, needle core biopsy is comparable in efficacy with open biopsy in the diagnosis of intermediate- and high-risk neuroblastoma with significantly lower rates of major postoperative complications. These findings warrant a larger scale evaluation of diagnostic needle core biopsies in pediatric patients with solid tumor. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Painless giant cell thyroiditis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration and associated with intense thyroidal uptake of gallium

    SciTech Connect

    Sanders, L.R.; Moreno, A.J.; Pittman, D.L.; Jones, J.D.; Spicer, M.J.; Tracy, K.P.

    1986-05-01

    A 52-year-old woman presented with fever, goiter, and no evidence of pain or tenderness in the thyroid. A diagnosis of silent thyroiditis was made after obtaining evidence of biochemical thyrotoxicosis, intense gallium-67 citrate thyroidal localization, and cytologic thyroiditis. Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid revealed numerous giant cells in all areas of the thyroid, typical of subacute thyroiditis. This is believed to be the first time painless thyroiditis is reported with the classic cytologic feature of painful subacute thyroiditis.

  12. Molecular characterization of small peripheral lung tumors based on the analysis of fine needle aspirates.

    PubMed

    Zudaire, I; Lozano, M D; Vazquez, M F; Pajares, M J; Agorreta, J; Pio, R; Zulueta, J J; Yankelevitz, D F; Henschke, C I; Montuenga, L M

    2008-01-01

    The computed tomography (CT)-based early lung cancer diagnostic technologies allow the detection of very small stage I lung tumors. As part of these screening protocols any suspicious nodule has to be diagnosed morphologically, which requires CT-guided Fine Needle Aspiration, open biopsy or surgery. Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) cytology is a well-recognised method for a rapid and accurate diagnosis of small lung tumors. Molecular analysis of the FNA specimens could complement cytology diagnosis by the characterization of the biological traits at the preoperative stage. In this study, we aimed to characterize the biological profile of 33 paraffin-embedded transthoracic FNA samples obtained from three groups of lung cancer patients: two groups of small early-detected lung adenocarcinomas (radiologically subsolid and solid nodules) and a third group of small metastatic adenocarcinomas. Genetic analysis was performed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using the four-color LAVysion probe. p53 and Ki-67 protein expression was also evaluated by immunocytochemistry. The samples showed gains for all targets analyzed; two cases had EGFR gene amplification and two cases had MYC amplification. There were no significant differences in the percentage of genetically malignant cells and the expression of Ki-67 among the three groups. However, p53 accumulation was significantly higher in the metastatic group compared to the subsolid early-detected group (P = 0.001). In conclusion, molecular analysis of FNA specimens may provide useful information at preoperative stages. In our series, a good prognostic profile in subsolid early detected adenocarcinomas is suggested.

  13. Diagnostic value of blood clot core during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspirate.

    PubMed

    Amin, Emily N; Russell, Christopher D; Shilo, Konstantin; Islam, Shaheen; Wood, Karen L

    2013-06-01

    Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is being increasingly used in the sampling of pulmonary masses and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The blood clot core (BCC) often obtained during EBUS-TBNA may not be a true core and therefore may not be submitted for histological analysis. The frequency in which the blood clot core is positive in patients with negative cytology undergoing EBUS-TBNA is not known. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic role of the blood clot core obtained during EBUS-TBNA. An Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart review was performed from January through September 2011 for all patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA at The Ohio State University. The data collection included cytology and histology results for each procedure. Blood clot cores obtained from the EBUS-TBNA needle were sent in formalin for histological examination. Seventy patients underwent EBUS-TBNA and 51 (72.8 %) patients had procedures that yielded a BCC for histology and aspirate for cytology. Forty-nine percent of patients with a BCC were diagnosed with malignancy. Of those with a BCC obtained, five (9.8 %) patients diagnosed with malignancy were done so based only on the results of blood clot core alone with negative cytology. Blood clot cores obtained at EBUS-TBNA contain diagnostic material and should be subjected histopathological examination. When blood clot cores are sent for analysis, there is the potential to spare up to 10 % of patients more invasive diagnostic biopsy procedures.

  14. Surgeon Influence on Use of Needle Biopsy in Patients With Breast Cancer: A National Medicare Study

    PubMed Central

    Eberth, Jan M.; Xu, Ying; Smith, Grace L.; Shen, Yu; Jiang, Jing; Buchholz, Thomas A.; Hunt, Kelly K.; Black, Dalliah M.; Giordano, Sharon H.; Whitman, Gary J.; Yang, Wei; Shen, Chan; Elting, Linda; Smith, Benjamin D.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Use of needle biopsy is a proposed quality measure in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, yet prior literature documents underuse. Nationally, little is known regarding the contribution of a patient's surgeon to needle biopsy use, and knowledge regarding downstream impact of needle biopsy on breast cancer care is incomplete. Methods Using 2003 to 2007 nationwide Medicare data from 89,712 patients with breast cancer and 12,405 surgeons, logistic regression evaluated the following three outcomes: surgeon consultation before versus after biopsy, use of needle biopsy (yes or no), and number of surgeries for cancer treatment. Multilevel analyses were adjusted for physician, patient, and structural covariates. Results Needle biopsy was used in 68.4% (n = 61,353) of all patients and only 53.7% of patients seen by a surgeon before biopsy (n = 32,953/61,312). Patient factors associated with surgeon consultation before biopsy included Medicaid coverage, rural residence, residence more than 8.1 miles from a radiologic facility performing needle biopsy, and no mammogram within 60 days before consultation. Among patients with surgeon consultation before biopsy, surgeon factors such as absence of board certification, training outside the United States, low case volume, earlier decade of medical school graduation, and lack of specialization in surgical oncology were negatively correlated with receipt of needle biopsy. Risk of multiple cancer surgeries was 33.7% for patients undergoing needle biopsy compared with 69.6% for those who did not (adjusted relative risk, 2.08; P < .001). Conclusion Needle biopsy is underused in the United States, resulting in a negative impact on breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Surgeon-level interventions may improve needle biopsy rates and, accordingly, quality of care. PMID:24912900

  15. Effect of Needle Size in Ultrasound-guided Core Needle Breast Biopsy: Comparison of 14-, 16-, and 18-Gauge Needles.

    PubMed

    Giuliani, Michela; Rinaldi, Pierluigi; Rella, Rossella; Fabrizi, Gina; Petta, Federica; Carlino, Giorgio; Di Leone, Alba; Mulè, Antonino; Bufi, Enida; Romani, Maurizio; Belli, Paolo; Bonomo, Lorenzo

    2017-03-06

    The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) of breast lesions, comparing smaller needles (16- and 18-gauge) with the 14-gauge needle, and to analyze the lesion characteristics influencing US-CNB diagnostic performance. All the patients provided informed consent before the biopsy procedure. The data from breast lesions that had undergone US-CNB in our institution from January 2011 to January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criterion was the surgical histopathologic examination findings of the entire lesion or radiologic follow-up data for ≥ 24 months. The exclusion criterion was the use of preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. The US-CNB results were compared with the surgical pathologic results or with the follow-up findings in the 3 needle size groups (14-, 16-, and 18-gauge). The needle size- and lesion characteristic-specific diagnostic accuracy parameters were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using a dedicated software program, and P ≤ .01 was considered significant. A total of 1118 US-CNB cases (1042 patients) were included. Of the 1118 cases, 630 (56.3%) were in the 14-gauge group, 136 (12.2%) in the 16-gauge, and 352 (31.5%) in the 18-gauge needle group. Surgery was performed on 800 lesions (71.6%). Of these, 619 were malignant, 77 were high risk, and 104 were benign. The remaining 318 lesions (28.4%) underwent follow-up imaging studies. All the lesions were stable and, therefore, were considered benign. No differences were observed in the diagnostic accuracy parameters among the 3 needle size groups (P > .01). The false-negative rate was greater for lesions < 10 mm (7.2%) (P < .01) but without statistically significant differences among the 3 gauges (P > .01). US-CNB performed with small needles (16 and 18 gauge) had the same diagnostic accuracy as that performed with 14-gauge needles, regardless of the lesion characteristics. Copyright © 2017

  16. Comparison of Histologic Core Portions Acquired from a Core Biopsy Needle and a Conventional Needle in Solid Mass Lesions: A Prospective Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ban Seok; Cho, Chang-Min; Jung, Min Kyu; Jang, Jung Sik; Bae, Han Ik

    2017-01-01

    Background/Aims The superiority of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) over EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) remains controversial. Given the lack of studies analyzing histologic specimens acquired from EUS-FNB or EUS-FNA, we compared the proportion of the histologic core obtained from both techniques. Methods A total of 58 consecutive patients with solid mass lesions were enrolled and randomly assigned to the EUS-FNA or EUS-FNB groups. The opposite needle was used after the failure of core tissue acquisition using the initial needle with up to three passes. Using computerized analyses of the scanned histologic slide, the overall area and the area of the histologic core portion in specimens obtained by the two techniques were compared. Results No significant differences were identified between the two groups with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics. Fewer needle passes were required to obtain core specimens in the FNB group (p<0.001). There were no differences in the proportion of histologic core (11.8%±19.5% vs 8.0%±11.1%, p=0.376) or in the diagnostic accuracy (80.6% vs 81.5%, p=0.935) between two groups. Conclusions The proportion of histologic core and the diagnostic accuracy were comparable between the FNB and FNA groups. However, fewer needle passes were required to establish an accurate diagnosis in EUS-FNB. PMID:28208006

  17. Comparison of Histologic Core Portions Acquired from a Core Biopsy Needle and a Conventional Needle in Solid Mass Lesions: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ban Seok; Cho, Chang-Min; Jung, Min Kyu; Jang, Jung Sik; Bae, Han Ik

    2017-07-15

    The superiority of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) over EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) remains controversial. Given the lack of studies analyzing histologic specimens acquired from EUS-FNB or EUS-FNA, we compared the proportion of the histologic core obtained from both techniques. A total of 58 consecutive patients with solid mass lesions were enrolled and randomly assigned to the EUS-FNA or EUS-FNB groups. The opposite needle was used after the failure of core tissue acquisition using the initial needle with up to three passes. Using computerized analyses of the scanned histologic slide, the overall area and the area of the histologic core portion in specimens obtained by the two techniques were compared. No significant differences were identified between the two groups with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics. Fewer needle passes were required to obtain core specimens in the FNB group (p<0.001). There were no differences in the proportion of histologic core (11.8%±19.5% vs 8.0%±11.1%, p=0.376) or in the diagnostic accuracy (80.6% vs 81.5%, p=0.935) between two groups. The proportion of histologic core and the diagnostic accuracy were comparable between the FNB and FNA groups. However, fewer needle passes were required to establish an accurate diagnosis in EUS-FNB.

  18. Diagnostic yield of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration for mediastinal staging in lung cancer*

    PubMed Central

    Fernández-Bussy, Sebastián; Labarca, Gonzalo; Canals, Sofia; Caviedes, Iván; Folch, Erik; Majid, Adnan

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive diagnostic test with a high diagnostic yield for suspicious central pulmonary lesions and for mediastinal lymph node staging. The main objective of this study was to describe the diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA for mediastinal lymph node staging in patients with suspected lung cancer. METHODS: Prospective study of patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA for diagnosis. Patients ≥ 18 years of age were recruited between July of 2010 and August of 2013. We recorded demographic variables, radiological characteristics provided by axial CT of the chest, location of the lesion in the mediastinum as per the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer classification, and definitive diagnostic result (EBUS with a diagnostic biopsy or a definitive diagnostic method). RESULTS: Our analysis included 354 biopsies, from 145 patients. Of those 145 patients, 54.48% were male. The mean age was 63.75 years. The mean lymph node size was 15.03 mm, and 90 lymph nodes were smaller than 10.0 mm. The EBUS-TBNA method showed a sensitivity of 91.17%, a specificity of 100.0%, and a negative predictive value of 92.9%. The most common histological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: EBUS-TBNA is a diagnostic tool that yields satisfactory results in the staging of neoplastic mediastinal lesions. PMID:26176519

  19. Toward robotic needle steering in lung biopsy: a tendon-actuated approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kratchman, Louis B.; Rahman, Mohammed M.; Saunders, Justin R.; Swaney, Philip J.; Webster, Robert J., III

    2011-03-01

    Needle tip dexterity is advantageous for transthoracic lung biopsies, which are typically performed with rigid, straight biopsy needles. By providing intraoperative compensation for trajectory error and lesion motion, tendon-driven biopsy needles may reach smaller or deeper nodules in fewer attempts, thereby reducing trauma. An image-guided robotic system that uses these needles also has the potential to reduce radiation exposure to the patient and physician. In this paper, we discuss the design, workflow, kinematic modeling, and control of both the needle and a compact and inexpensive robotic prototype that can actuate the tendon-driven needle for transthoracic lung biopsy. The system is designed to insert and steer the needle under Computed Tomography (CT) guidance. In a free-space targeting experiment using a discrete proportional control law with digital camera feedback, we show a position error of less than 1 mm achieved using an average of 8.3 images (n=3).

  20. Guided fine needle absorption biopsy in the diagnosis of cysts in maritime workers.

    PubMed

    Bartelik, W; Jaremin, B; Smolińska, D; Głombiowski, P

    Cysts in the organs of the abdominal cavity revealed in ultrasonographic examinations in patients with none or with unclear clinical symptoms cause diagnostic and fitness for work assessment problems. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography of cysts, combined with biochemical, bacteriological, cytological examinations and analysis of markers CEA and AFP of the fluid collected with fine needle aspiration biopsy (FAB). The study material examined were maritime workers who were submitted to these examinations for diagnostic purposes and/or previous to issue of certificate of health for work at sea. Examinations results provided support for usefulness of the method discussed in diagnosis and differentiation of inflammatory and neoplastic processes with simple cysts. This was crucial for final diagnosis, for decision about treatment and recognizing fitness for work at sea. It was concluded that the method FAB is safe both in hospital as well as in ambulatory conditions.

  1. Sixteen Gauge biopsy needles are better and safer than 18 Gauge in native and transplant kidney biopsies.

    PubMed

    Peters, Björn; Mölne, Johan; Hadimeri, Henrik; Hadimeri, Ursula; Stegmayr, Bernd

    2017-02-01

    Background Kidney biopsies are essential for optimal diagnosis and treatment. Purpose To examine if quality and safety aspects differ between types and sizes of biopsy needles in native and transplant kidneys. Material and Methods A total of 1299 consecutive biopsies (1039 native and 260 transplant kidneys) were included. Diagnostic quality, needle size and type, clinical data and complications were registered. Eight-three percent of the data were prospective. Results In native kidney biopsies, 16 Gauge (G) needles compared to 18 G showed more glomeruli per pass (11 vs. 8, P <  0.001) with less complications. Sub-analysis in native kidney biopsies revealed that 18 G 19-mm side-notch needles resulted in more major (11.3% vs. 3%; odds ratio [OR], 4.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-12.3) and overall complications (12.4% vs. 4.8%; OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1-7.1) in women than in men. If the physician had performed less compared to more than four native kidney biopsies per year, minor (3.5% vs. 1.4%; OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.1-6.2) and overall complications (11.5% vs. 7.4%; OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5) were more common. In transplant kidney biopsies, 16 G needles compared to 18 G resulted in more glomeruli per pass (12 vs. 8, P <  0.001). No differences existed in frequency of biopsy complications. The localization of performing biopsies was not a risk factor to develop complications. Conclusion Kidney biopsies taken by 16 G needles result in better histological quality and lower frequency of complications compared to 18 G. For native kidney biopsies the performer of the biopsy should do at least four biopsies per year.

  2. Fluorescence and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy for Breast Cancer Diagnosis During Core Needle Biopsy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    for breast biopsy. A first generation probe has been designed for use in a 9-gauge vacuum assisted biopsy needle ( Suros ATEC, Suros Surgical Systems...tissue composition in vivo. 2. Methods 2.1 Probe design A fiber optic probe has been designed for use in a vacuum-assisted core biopsy needle ( Suros ...ATEC, Suros Surgical Systems, IN), which is currently employed for image guided breast biopsy at the University of Wisconsin Health and Clinics

  3. Primary pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration with cytogenetic confirmation: a case report.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Cullen A; Barnhart, Amanda; Pettenati, Mark J; Geisinger, Kim R

    2005-01-01

    Pleuropulmonary synovial sarcomas (PPSSs) are rare neoplasins that have been well described in recent years, although there are only very infrequent reports within the cytology literature. Such lesions present a diagnostic challenge on fine needle aspiration (ENA) due to several factors, particularly when the aspirate material displays monophasic, small cell or poorly differentiated morphology. Immunoperoxidase studies on cell block material and confirmation with molecular cytogenetics are important tools to establish the diagnosis and determine appropriate therapy. We report a case of PPSS in a 27-year-old man diagnosed by computed tomography (CT)-guided FNA with confirmation by conventional and molecular cytogenetics. A 27-year-old man presented with several rapidly enlarging, pleura-based masses following a several-month history of recurrent hemopneumothorax. Previous surgical pathology on decorticated pleura was interpreted as a reactive mesothelial proliferation at another institution. Upon referral, CT-guided transthoracic FNA was performed. Smears revealed a highly cellular, dispersed "small round blue cell" neoplasm in a hemorrhagic background. The cytomorphology, in conjunction with a select immunoperoxidase panel, was diagnostic of PPSS. Conventional and molecular cytogenetics subsequently provided confirmation of the diagnosis. PPSSs are uncommon neoplasms seldom diagnosed by FNA, with only very rare reports in the cytology literature. Although their cytomorphology has been well described, monophasic tumors and other morphologic variants present a diagnostic challenge and may be difficult to discern from a variety of neoplastic and reactive/reparative processes. Emphasis should be placed upon securing material at the time of aspiration for immunoperoxidase studies (cell block or core biopsy). In equivocal cases, conventional and/or molecular cytogenetic studies may be needed.

  4. CT-guided transthoracic cutting needle biopsy of intrathoracic lesions: comparison between coaxial and single needle technique.

    PubMed

    Wu, Reng-Hong; Tzeng, Wen-Sheng; Lee, Wei-Jing; Chang, Shih-Chin; Chen, Chia-Huei; Fung, Jui-Lung; Wang, Yen-Jen; Mak, Chee-Wai

    2012-05-01

    To evaluate the complication rates and diagnostic accuracy of two different CT-guided transthoracic cutting needle biopsy techniques: coaxial method and single needle method. This study involved 198 consecutive subjects with 198 intrathoracic lesions. The first 98 consecutive subjects received a single needle cutting technique and the next 100 consecutive subjects received a coaxial technique. Both groups were compared in relation the diagnostic accuracy and complication rates. No significant difference was found between the two groups concerning patient characteristics, lesions and procedure variables. There was a borderline statistical difference in the incidence of pneumothorax at within 24-h post biopsy between patients in the single needle group (5%) and the coaxial group (13%) (P=0.053). Little difference was found in the pneumothorax rate at immediately post biopsy between the two groups, which was 28% in the single needle group and 31% in the coaxial group. There was no significant difference in the hemoptysis rate between the two groups, which was 9.2% in the single needle group and 11% in the coaxial group. Both techniques yielded an overall diagnostic accuracy of 98% for malignant lesions with similar sensitivity (single needle: 96.9% vs. coaxial: 96.4%) and specificity (single needle: 100% vs. coaxial: 100%). There is little difference in the pneumothorax rates and bleeding complications between patients who either received a single needle or a coaxial transthoracic cutting biopsy. Both techniques produce an overall diagnostic accuracy of 98% for malignant lesions. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Fine-needle aspiration of primary Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the thyroid gland, a potential mimic of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Pusztaszeri, Marc P; Sauder, Kenan J; Cibas, Edmund S; Faquin, William C

    2013-01-01

    The clinical presentation of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) as a primary solitary nodule in the thyroid gland is rare. As a result, there are few reports of its cytologic features in thyroid aspirates where it can pose a diagnostic pitfall. CASE AND CONCLUSION: To foster familiarity with its cytomorphology, we report the fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) findings of 3 specimens from 2 patients with LCH presenting as a solitary thyroid nodule. All aspirates contained numerous dispersed cells with prominent nuclear grooves, and the background showed a mixed pattern of chronic inflammation including scattered eosinophils. The aspirate from patient 1 raised a differential diagnosis that included chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and a thyroglossal duct cyst, while the aspirate from patient 2 was interpreted as 'suspicious for papillary thyroid carcinoma'. The diagnosis of LCH was confirmed in both patients after lobectomy and immunohistochemical studies that revealed positive reactivity for CD1a and S-100. LCH of the thyroid gland is rare and can pose significant diagnostic challenges, but increased familiarity with its characteristic cytomorphology can help in avoiding diagnostic pitfalls. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  6. An unexpected complication of bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy: arteriovenous fistula.

    PubMed

    Berber, Ilhami; Erkurt, Mehmet Ali; Kuku, Irfan; Kaya, Emin; Kutlu, Ramazan; Koroglu, Mustafa; Yigit, Ali; Unlu, Serkan

    2014-01-01

    To report a case of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) following bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy. A 76-year-old man was diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Pain and hematoma were detected in his left leg and hip 4 days after bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy. A pelvic arteriography was performed, and a diagnosis of AVF was made. This case shows that clinicians should be aware of AVF, especially in cases with refractory bleeding after bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy despite normal blood coagulation parameters. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel

  7. Transcarinal needle aspiration in the diagnosis of mediastinal adenitis in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus

    PubMed Central

    Serdà, G Julià; de Castro, F Rodriguez; Sánchez-Alarcos, J M Fernandez; Luna, J Caminero; López, F Diaz; Navarro, P Cabrera

    1990-01-01

    Tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenopathy in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was diagnosed by means of transcarinal needle aspiration via a fibreoptic bronchoscope. Images PMID:2382248

  8. Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of parotid lesions.

    PubMed

    Piccioni, L O; Fabiano, B; Gemma, M; Sarandria, D; Bussi, M

    2011-02-01

    Fine-needle aspiration cytology guided by ultrasound imaging is a widely used diagnostic tool to evaluate neoplastic or inflammatory lesions of salivary glands. From February 2002 to February 2008 all the parotid lesions removed surgically in our Unit of Otolaryngology were reviewed. Study focused on sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and Kappa statistics for fine-needle aspiration cytology vs histological diagnosis in 176 cases. Fine-needle aspiration cytology sensitivity and specificity were 81% and 99%, respectively. Accuracy for malignancy was 97%, accuracy for benignity was 83%; positive and negative predictive values were 93% and 98%, respectively; likelihood ratio of positive and negative test results were 100.3 and 0.19, respectively ("positive" was used to define "malignant"). The prevalence of malignancy was 0.114. Kappa statistics for the degree of agreement between fine-needle aspiration cytology and histological results were 0.85 (95% CI = 0.71-0.99). Pre-operative fine-needle aspiration cytology diagnosis improves surgical treatment of parotid masses.

  9. Percutaneous core needle biopsy in retroperitoneal sarcomas does not influence local recurrence or overall survival.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, M J; Martin, J L; Khan, A A; Hayes, A J; Thomas, J M; Strauss, D C

    2015-03-01

    Tumours within the retroperitoneum can cause a diagnostic dilemma. A preoperative core needle biopsy often is required to establish a histological diagnosis. Preoperative core needle biopsy for extremity soft-tissue sarcoma is oncologically safe and biopsy site recurrence is extremely rare, attributed to placing the biopsy site within the planned resection field. This study investigates whether preoperative core needle biopsy affects oncological outcomes in retroperitoneal sarcomas. Patients undergoing resection of intermediate- and high-grade primary retroperitoneal sarcoma from 1990 until 2011 were included. Primary endpoints were immediate biopsy-related complications, local recurrence, and overall survival. A total of 150 patients were included in the analysis. Of these, 90 patients underwent resection after a preoperative biopsy. Median follow-up was 48 months. One patient required hospital admission postbiopsy for an abdominal wall rectus sheath haematoma. No patient developed intra-abdominal complications that required hospitalisation or early operation related to core needle biopsy. No patient developed a biopsy site recurrence. There was no significant increase in either local recurrence (p = 0.101) or overall survival (p = 0.191) after core needle biopsy. Preoperative core needle biopsy for retroperitoneal sarcomas is safe and does not affect oncological outcome.

  10. Eccrine porocarcinoma: cytologic diagnosis by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).

    PubMed

    Kalogeraki, Alexandra; Tamiolakis, Dimitrios; Tsagatakis, Thomas; Geronatsiou, Katerina; Haniotis, Vrettos; Kafoussi, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: O porocarcinoma écrino (PE) é um tumor maligno pouco comum dos anexos cutâneos. Trata-se de um adenocarcinoma da glândula sudorípara écrina com propensão para recorrer localmente e para originar metástases ao longo dos gânglios linfáticos regionais. Este artigo apresenta um diagnóstico por citologia aspirativa com agulha fina (CAAF) de um PE, associado ao exame histológico e de imunocito/histoquímica.Caso Clínico: São descritos os achados da citologia de um porocarcinoma écrino numa doente de 76 anos de idade, bem como as características histológicas do tumor cutâneo. A citologia aspirativa revelou que o tumor se caracterizava pela presença de células atípicas malignas com citoplasma basófilo, núcleos hipercromáticos e nucléolos proeminentes. O diagnóstico citológico foi confirmado pela histologia.Conclusões: É crucial obter um diagnóstico pré-operatório preciso de modo a desencadear um plano cirúrgico curativo. A CAAF possibilita uma abordagem pouco invasiva, segura e efectiva, de modo a esclarecer um diagnóstico diferencial exigente.

  11. Accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for assessment of pediatric musculoskeletal lesions.

    PubMed

    Hryhorczuk, Anastasia L; Strouse, Peter J; Biermann, J Sybil

    2011-07-01

    CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy has been shown in adults to be an effective diagnostic tool for a large number of musculoskeletal malignancies. To characterize our experience with CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of pediatric bone lesions and determine its utility in diagnosing pediatric osseous lesions, in a population where such lesions are commonly benign. From 2000 to 2009, 61 children underwent 63 CT-guided percutaneous biopsies. Radiological, pathological and clinical records were reviewed. Fourteen biopsies (22%) were performed on malignant lesions, while 49 biopsies (78%) were performed on benign lesions. Forty-nine of the 63 biopsies (78%) were adequate; these children underwent no further tissue sampling. Fourteen of the 63 biopsies (22%) were inadequate or non-conclusive. Of these patients, 12 underwent open biopsy. Retrospective analysis of percutaneous biopsies in these patients demonstrates that 9/12 provided clinically relevant information, and 4/12 patients received final diagnoses that confirmed initial core biopsy findings. No malignancies were diagnosed as benign on percutaneous biopsy. Overall, percutaneous core needle biopsy provided accurate diagnostic information in 84% (53/63) of biopsies. Our results demonstrate that CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is safe and beneficial in children. This study supports the use of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for primary diagnosis of pediatric bone lesions.

  12. Critical evaluation of fine needle aspiration cytology as a diagnostic technique in bone tumors and tumor-like lesions.

    PubMed

    Chakrabarti, Sudipta; Datta, Alok Sobhan; Hira, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Though open surgical biopsy is the procedure of choice for the diagnosis of bone tumors, many disadvantages are associated with this approach. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) as a diagnostic tool in cases of bony tumors and tumor-like lesions which may be conducted in centers where facilities for surgical biopsies are inadequate. The study population consisted of 51 cases presenting with a skeletal mass. After clinical evaluation, radiological correlation was done to assess the nature and extent of each lesion. Fine needle aspiration was performed aseptically and smears were prepared. Patients subsequently underwent open surgical biopsy and tissue samples were obtained for histopathological examination. Standard statistical methods were applied for analysis of data. Adequate material was not obtained even after repeated aspiration in seven cases, six of which were benign. Among the remaining 44 cases, diagnosis of malignancy was correctly provided in 28 (93.3%) out of 30 cases and categorical diagnosis in 20 (66.67%). Interpretation of cytology was more difficult in cases of benign and tumor-like lesions, with a categorical opinion only possible in seven (50%) cases. Statistical analysis showed FNAC with malignant tumors to have high sensitivity (93.3%), specificity (92.9%) and positive predictive value of 96.6%, whereas the negative predictive value was 86.7%. FNAC should be included in the diagnostic workup of a skeletal tumor because of its simplicity and reliability. However, a definitive pathologic diagnosis heavily depends on compatible clinical and radiologic features which can only be accomplished by teamwork. The cytological technique applied in this study could detect many bone tumors and tumor-like conditions and appears particularly suitable as a diagnostic technique for rural regions of India as other developing countries.

  13. Significance of ultrasound features in predicting malignant solid thyroid nodules: need for fine-needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Yunus, Mahira; Ahmed, Zeba

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide sonographic and colour flow criteria helpful for differentiation between benign and malignant solid thyroid nodules. This prospective study was carried out at Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi Pakistan from 01.05.07 to 31.12.08. Sonographic scans of 78 thyroid nodules in 66 patients were performed and characteristics of thyroid nodules that were studied included microcalcifications, an irregular or microlobulated margins, marked hypoechogenicity, a shape that was taller than it was wide and color flow pattern in Color Doppler ultrasound. The presence and absence of characteristics of nodules were classified as having positive or negative findings. If even one of these sonographic features was present, the nodule was classified as positive (malignant). If a nodule had none of the features described, it was classified as negative (benign). The final diagnosis of a lesion as benign (n = 53) or malignant (n = 25) was confirmed by fine needle aspiration biopsy, and patients who were proved to have benign lesions were followed-up for 6 months and malignant lesions which were proved on histopathology after FNA were subjected to surgery. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were then calculated on the basis of our proposed classification method. Among 78 solid thyroid nodules 35 lesions were classified as positive considering the sonographic characteristics and 23 of them were proved to be malignant on histopatology. Out of 43 lesions which were classified as negative, 2 were proved to be malignant. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy based on our sonographic classification method were 93.8%, 66%, 56.1%, 95.9%, and 74.8%, respectively. Ultrasound is valuable for identifying many malignant or potentially malignant thyroid nodules. No single ultrasound criterion is reliable in

  14. A novel, stepwise approach combining conventional and endobronchial ultrasound needle aspiration for mediastinal lymph node sampling.

    PubMed

    Liran, Levy; Rottem, Kuint; Gregorio, Fridlender Zvi; Avi, Abutbul; Neville, Berkman

    2017-09-07

    Since the introduction of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), most pulmonary centers use this technique exclusively for mediastinal lymph node (LN) sampling. Conventional "blind" TBNA (cTBNA), however, is cheaper, more accessible, provides more tissue, and requires less training. We evaluated whether sampling of mediastinal LN using EBUS-TBNA or cTBNA according to a predefined set of criteria provides acceptable diagnostic yield. Sampling method was determined prospectively according to a predefined set of criteria based on LN station, LN size, and presumed diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were evaluated for each modality. One hundred and eighty-six biopsies were carried out over a 3-year period (86 cTBNA, 100 EBUS-TBNA). Seventy-seven percent of LN biopsied by EBUS-TBNA were <20 mm, while 83% of cTBNA biopsies were ≥20 mm. Most common sites of cTBNA sampling were station 7, 4R, and 11R as opposed to 7, 11R, 4R, and 4 L in the case of EBUS-TBNA. Most common EBUS-TBNA diagnosis was malignancy versus sarcoidosis in cTBNA. EBUS-TBNA and cTBNA both had a true positive yield of 65%, but EBUS-TBNA had a higher true negative rate (21% vs. 2% for cTBNA) and a lower false negative rate (7% vs. 28%). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for EBUS-TBNA were 90%, 100%, 100%, and 75%, respectively, and for cTBNA were 68%, 100%, 100%, and 7%, respectively. A stepwise approach based on LN size, station, and presumed diagnosis may be a reasonable, cost-effective approach in choosing between cTBNA and EBUS-TBNA.

  15. The significance of extracellular mucin in breast fine needle aspiration specimens.

    PubMed

    Shield, P W; Ribu, D L; Cominos, D

    2016-06-01

    To determine if all breast fine needle aspiration (FNA) specimens with abundant extracellular mucin require excisional biopsy. Fifty cases of breast FNA containing extracellular mucin, reported with a recommendation for biopsy and with histological follow-up were reviewed. Cellular features were noted, and the cases reclassified ignoring the presence of mucin and then correlated with histological outcome. Subsequent histology showed benign changes in 20% (10/50), two cases (4%) of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and 76% (38/50) to be malignant lesions, including three cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). When the FNA cases were reviewed disregarding the presence of mucin, 11 cases were reclassified as benign and one case that contained mucin-like material but no epithelial cells reviewed as non-diagnostic. All cases of invasive mixed and mucinous carcinoma (MC) would have been reported with a recommendation for histological examination. In addition, the three cases each of fibroadenoma (FA) and a benign mucocoele-like lesion (MLL) were correctly identified as benign. However, two cases each of DCIS and ADH would have been reported benign with no recommendation for further histology. Breast FNA specimens with mucinous material may arise from sampling of a range of benign and malignant processes; however, a biopsy should be recommended, even in cases of low cellularity, owing to sampling problems and the frequent co-occurrence of significant lesions. FNA is highly accurate at predicting carcinoma with mucinous differentiation although it is not possible to reliably predict if the lesion represents pure MC or a mixed carcinoma. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Preservation of fine-needle aspiration specimens for future use in RNA-based molecular testing.

    PubMed

    Ladd, Amy C; O'Sullivan-Mejia, Emerald; Lea, Tasha; Perry, Jessica; Dumur, Catherine I; Dragoescu, Ema; Garrett, Carleton T; Powers, Celeste N

    2011-04-25

    The application of ancillary molecular testing is becoming more important for the diagnosis and classification of disease. The use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy as the means of sampling tumors in conjunction with molecular testing could be a powerful combination. FNA is minimally invasive, cost effective, and usually demonstrates accuracy comparable to diagnoses based on excisional biopsies. Quality control (QC) and test validation requirements for development of molecular tests impose a need for access to pre-existing clinical samples. Tissue banking of excisional biopsy specimens is frequently performed at large research institutions, but few have developed protocols for preservation of cytologic specimens. This study aimed to evaluate cryopreservation of FNA specimens as a method of maintaining cellular morphology and ribonucleic acid (RNA) integrity in banked tissues. FNA specimens were obtained from fresh tumor resections, processed by using a cryopreservation protocol, and stored for up to 27 weeks. Upon retrieval, samples were made into slides for morphological evaluation, and RNA was extracted and assessed for integrity by using the Agilent Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, Calif). Cryopreserved specimens showed good cell morphology and, in many cases, yielded intact RNA. Cases showing moderate or severe RNA degradation could generally be associated with prolonged specimen handling or sampling of necrotic areas. FNA specimens can be stored in a manner that maintains cellular morphology and RNA integrity necessary for studies of gene expression. In addition to addressing quality control (QC) and test validation needs, cytology banks will be an invaluable resource for future molecular morphologic and diagnostic research studies. Copyright © 2011 American Cancer Society.

  17. Improving accuracy in image-guided prostate biopsy by using trocar-sharpened needles.

    PubMed

    Kuru, Timur H; Simpfendörfer, Tobias; Roethke, Matthias; Hohenfellner, Markus; Hadaschik, Boris A

    2013-01-01

    To optimize image-guided prostate biopsy by minimizing the target error with trocar-sharpened needle tips instead of beveled needles, which constantly deviate away from the bevel. We performed stereotactic biopsies on two prostate phantoms, which incorporate three randomly placed TRUS-visible lesions. Four stereotactic biopsies per lesion were taken under live-ultrasound guidance through a template: two biopsies with conventional beveled needles and two biopsies with novel trocar-sharpened needles. The procedural targeting error (PTE) between the virtually planned biopsy trajectory and the manually registered 3D needle position of every single biopsy core taken was calculated. The absolute overall targeting error using the novel needle-tip design was 0.13 mm (SD: ± 0.15 mm) with the highest PTE in the sagittal plane (0.18 ± 0.16 mm), followed by the coronal (0.13 ± 0.17 mm) and axial (0.09 ± 0.05 mm) planes. Comparing the PTE of the novel trocar-shaped needles with conventional beveled needles, there was a statistically significant difference in the axial plane [p (overall) = 0.47, p(axial) = 0.03]. The targeting error of stereotactic biopsies using trocar-sharpened needles is significantly lower than the targeting error of classical beveled needles. Thus, trocar-tip configurations improve the accuracy of computer-assisted biopsies and allow precise assessment of suspicious lesions in the prostate and in other organs accessible to image-guided biopsy. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. The Utilization of Cytologic Fine-Needle Aspirates of Lung Cancer for Molecular Diagnostic Testing

    PubMed Central

    Roh, Michael H.

    2015-01-01

    In this era of precision medicine, our understanding and knowledge of the molecular landscape associated with lung cancer pathogenesis continues to evolve. This information is being increasingly exploited to treat advanced stage lung cancer patients with tailored, targeted therapy. During the management of these patients, minimally invasive procedures to obtain samples for tissue diagnoses are desirable. Cytologic fine-needle aspirates are often utilized for this purpose and are important not only for rendering diagnoses to subtype patients’ lung cancers, but also for ascertaining molecular diagnostic information for treatment purposes. Thus, cytologic fine-needle aspirates must be utilized and triaged judiciously to achieve both objectives. In this review, strategies in utilizing fine-needle aspirates will be discussed in the context of our current understanding of the clinically actionable molecular aberrations underlying non-small cell lung cancer and the molecular assays applied to these samples in order to obtain treatment-relevant molecular diagnostic information. PMID:26076721

  19. High single-pass diagnostic yield of a new 25-gauge core biopsy needle for EUS-guided FNA biopsy in solid pancreatic lesions.

    PubMed

    Iwashita, Takuji; Nakai, Yousuke; Samarasena, Jason B; Park, Do Hyun; Zhang, Zesong; Gu, Mai; Lee, John G; Chang, Kenneth J

    2013-06-01

    Current limitations of EUS-guided FNA include the need for multiple passes and on-site cytology assessment and lack of core specimen. Recently, a new 25-gauge core biopsy needle (PC25) was developed to overcome these limitations. To determine the diagnostic yield of EUS-guided FNA aspiration biopsy (FNAB) when using the PC25 needle among patients with solid pancreatic lesions. Retrospective analysis. Academic tertiary referral center. Fifty consecutive patients with a solid pancreatic lesion underwent EUS-guided FNAB with PC25. EUS-guided FNAB with PC25. The primary outcome was the diagnostic yield in single and overall passes of EUS-guided FNAB when using the PC25 needle for pancreatic solid lesions. Cytologic analysis showed malignancy in 38 patients on the first pass, with a cumulative sensitivity of 83%, 91%, and 96% on passes 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Although visible core was reported in 46 patients (92%), histologic core was seen in 16 patients (32%). Histologic analysis showed malignancy in 29 patients on the first pass, with a cumulative sensitivity of 63% and 87% on pass 1 and passes 1 to 4, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in combined cytologic and histologic results were 85%, 100%, and 86% for single pass and 96%, 100%, and 96% on multiple passes, respectively. No complications were seen. A retrospective study design at a single center using a single arm. EUS-guided FNAB with the PC25 needle showed excellent single-pass and overall diagnostic yields. This needle appears to maintain a high cytologic yield, similar to standard 25-gauge FNA needles, while also providing some histologic core tissue. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Ultrasound-Guided Transcutaneous Needle Biopsy of the Base of the Tongue and Floor of the Mouth From a Submental Approach.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Jason M; Conrad, Rachel D; Cannon, Trinitia Y; Alleman, Anthony M

    2016-05-01

    Limited data exist regarding the feasibility of ultrasound-guided transcutaneous biopsy of the base of the tongue and floor of the mouth. This retrospective study reviewed 8 cases with lesions in the base of the tongue or floor of the mouth that were biopsied by fine-needle aspiration. Core biopsy was also needed in 1 case. All biopsies were technically successful, and all yielded squamous cell carcinoma. One biopsy yielded a false-positive result, as subsequent resection yielded high-grade dysplasia with no invasion. The other biopsy results were considered true-positive based on subsequent pathologic examinations (2 cases) or clinical/imaging follow-up (5 cases). There were no significant complications associated with the biopsies. © 2016 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  1. A needle guidance system for biopsy and therapy using two-dimensional ultrasound

    SciTech Connect

    Bluvol, Nathan; Sheikh, Allison; Kornecki, Anat; Del Rey Fernandez, David; Downey, Donal; Fenster, Aaron

    2008-02-15

    Image-guided needle biopsies are currently used to provide a definitive diagnosis of breast cancer; however, difficulties in tumor targeting exist as the ultrasound (United States) scan plane and biopsy needle must remain coplanar throughout the procedure to display the actual needle tip position. The additional time associated with aligning and maintaining this coplanar relationship results in increased patient discomfort. Biopsy procedural efficiency is further hindered since needle pathway interpretation is often difficult, especially for needle insertions at large depths that usually require multiple reinsertions. The authors developed a system that would increase the speed and accuracy of current breast biopsy procedures using readily available two-dimensional (2D) US technology. This system is composed of a passive articulated mechanical arm that attaches to a 2D US transducer. The arm is connected to a computer through custom electronics and software, which were developed as an interface for tracking the positioning of the mechanical components in real time. The arm couples to the biopsy needle and provides visual guidance for the physician performing the procedure in the form of a real-time projected needle pathway overlay on an US image of the breast. An agar test phantom, with stainless steel targets interspersed randomly throughout, was used to validate needle trajectory positioning accuracy. The biopsy needle was guided by both the software and hardware components to the targets. The phantom, with the needle inserted and device decoupled, was placed in an x-ray stereotactic mammography (SM) machine. The needle trajectory and bead target locations were determined in three dimensions from the SM images. Results indicated a mean needle trajectory accuracy error of 0.75{+-}0.42 mm. This is adequate to sample lesions that are <2 mm in diameter. Chicken tissue test phantoms were used to compare core needle biopsy procedure times between experienced

  2. Trends in pancreatic pathology practice before and after implementation of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration: an example of disruptive innovation effect?

    PubMed

    Eltoum, Isam A; Alston, Evans A; Roberson, Janie

    2012-04-01

    Little has been reported on changes in pancreatic pathology practice after implementation of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). We assessed the impact of EUS-FNA on cytologic diagnosis replacing histologic diagnosis for pancreatic disease and determined whether it fulfills Christensen criteria of a disruptive innovation effect. Pattern of utilization during 20 years, diagnostic categories, and diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic cytology were compared before and after implementation of EUS-FNA. The disruptive effect of cytology relevant to biopsy was assessed by comparing the utilization trends and the accuracy of diagnosis over time. The mean annual volume (standard deviation) of cytologic specimens increased from 24 (11) to 231 (10) after implementation of EUS-FNA, and that of histologic specimens increased from 97 (42) to 377 (148). The average percentage of annual cases managed by following cytology alone was 19% (10) before versus 51% (8) after implementation. The percentage managed by histology alone was 56% before versus 23% after implementation. Non-endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology decreased from 36% to 1%. Needle biopsies decreased from 7% to 1%, and other biopsy types from 29% to 9%. Unsatisfactory (7% versus 1%), atypical (16% versus 4%), and suspicious (16% versus 3%) diagnoses were significantly reduced. The accuracy of cytologic diagnosis significantly improved: the sensitivity (confidence interval) and specificity (confidence interval) for cancer diagnosis were 55% (38%-70%) and 78% (58%-89%) before versus 88% (84%-91%) and 96% (93%-98%) after implementation, respectively. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration improved the accuracy of cytologic diagnosis, reduced the number of indeterminate diagnoses, and replaced the need for tissue biopsy. Given its cost and simplicity as compared with tissue biopsy, this trend represents a disruptive innovation effect.

  3. Accuracy and complications of CT-guided core needle biopsy of peripheral nerve sheath tumours.

    PubMed

    Pianta, Marcus; Chock, Eric; Schlicht, Stephen; McCombe, David

    2015-09-01

    This single-centre study retrospectively reviews the complications in patients that have occurred following peripheral nerve sheath tumour biopsy, and assesses whether there is an association with biopsy technique or underlying lesion characteristics. 41 consecutive core needle biopsies of proven peripheral nerve sheath tumours over a 2-year period in a tertiary teaching hospital were reviewed. Patient demographics and symptoms, tumour characteristics and radiological appearances were recorded. Biopsy and surgical histology were correlated, and post-biopsy and surgical complications analyzed. 41 biopsies were performed in 38 patients. 68% schwannomas, 24% neurofibromas and 7% malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours. Biopsy histology correlated with surgery in all cases. 71% of lesions were surgically excised. 60% of patients reported pain related to their lesion. Following the biopsy, 12% reported increased pain, which resolved in all cases. Pain exacerbation was noted in tumours smaller in size, more superficial and in closer proximity of the biopsy needle tip to the traversing nerve. Number of biopsy needle passes was not associated with an increased incidence of procedure-related pain. Core biopsy of a suspected peripheral nerve sheath tumour may be performed safely before excisional surgery to confirm lesion histology and assist prognosis. There is excellent correlation between core biopsy and excised surgical specimen histology. The most common complication of pain exacerbation is seen in a minority and is temporary, and more likely with smaller, more superficial lesions and a closer needle-tip to traversing nerve distance during biopsy.

  4. Malignant-looking thyroid nodules with size reduction: core needle biopsy results

    PubMed Central

    Shong, Young Kee

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate whether malignant-looking thyroid nodules with size reduction were malignant or not. Methods From November 2010 to July 2011, we retrospectively enrolled 16 patients with 16 nodules (11 females and five males; mean age, 55 years) who underwent core needle biopsy (CNB), and whose thyroid nodules had malignant ultrasonographic (US) features, although they showed size reduction (>20% decrease in maximum diameter) during the follow-up period (mean, 37±27 months). The histologic findings of the CNB specimen were reviewed and correlated with the US findings. US studies were analyzed for their internal content, shape, margin, echogenicity, the presence of microcalcification and macrocalcification, inner isoechoic rim, and low-echoic halo. Results All nodules were confirmed as benign by CNB. Pathologic analysis was available for 12 CNB specimens. US imaging showed central hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity in all cases and a peripheral isoechoic rim in 15 nodules. US-pathologic correlation showed that the central hypoechoic area was primarily composed of fibrosis (12/12) and hemorrhage (8/12) and that the isoechoic rim was composed of follicular cells. Conclusion In our study, the CNB results of all of the malignant-looking thyroid nodules with size reduction were benign and were primarily composed of internal fibrosis and hemorrhage. Understanding these US and pathologic features could prevent repeated fine-needle aspiration or unnecessary diagnostic surgery. PMID:27184652

  5. [On-site fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodules. Quality assurance of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (2008)].

    PubMed

    Bak, Mihály; Péter, Ilona; Nyári, Tibor; Simon, Péter; Újlaky, Mátyás; Boér, András; Kásler, Miklós

    2015-10-11

    The methods available for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules include physical examination, imaging, laboratory and fine-needle aspiration cytology tests. The aim of this study was to determine the quality assurance of fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodules. Cytology results were rated to 6 categories according to the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (2008) (I. nondiagnostic; II. benign; III. atypia of undetermined significance; IV. follicular neoplasia; V. suspicious for malignancy; VI. malignant). All cytology reports were compared with the final histology diagnosis. A total of 1384 patient with thyroid nodule underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsy cytology. Smears were classified I. inadequate in 214 (15.9%); II. benign 986; III. atypical 56; IV. follicular neoplasm 41; V. suspicious for malignancy 18; VI. malignant 33 cases. Two hundred and twenty seven (16.8%) of the cases were operated and histologically verified. The positive predictive value in the benign category was 98.25% and in the malignant 88.46%. The sensitivity of the follicular neoplasm was 66.67%. The results suggest that fine-needle aspiration cytology of thyroid nodules using the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology has a high diagnostic accuracy. The auditing values of the results meet the proposed threshold values.

  6. Comparison of feline core bone marrow biopsies from different sites using 2 techniques and needles.

    PubMed

    Abrams-Ogg, Anthony C G; Defarges, Alice; Bienzle, Dorothee

    2014-03-01

    Commonly used 11ga or 13ga biopsy needles are relatively large for cats and often preclude successful collection of bone marrow (BM) core biopsies. The objective was to compare 15ga to 13ga BM core biopsy ease of collection and specimen quality. In 10 cats, humeral biopsies obtained with 15ga EZ-IO needles were compared with iliac biopsies obtained with 13ga Jamshidi needles. Body condition, ease of collection, section quality, postprocedure pain, and swelling at biopsy sites were scored. Specimen length on mounted slides was measured and specimens with quality scores of 3-5 out of a maximum value of 5 were considered to be of acceptable diagnostic quality. The distribution of all parameters was assessed by Shapiro-Wilk tests, and differences in parameters were assessed by ANCOVA. There were no significant differences between 15ga and 13ga biopsies, except that the 15ga humeral biopsy was judged to be easier to perform than 13ga iliac biopsy, and there was more severe postbiopsy swelling with 13ga biopsies. Facility score (mean ± SD), section quality score (median ± SD) and specimen length (mm, mean ± SD) were 12.7 ± 2.3, 2.0 ± 1.4, and 6.0 ± 2.1 for 15ga biopsies, respectively, and 8.9 ± 2.4, 1.0 ± 1.8, and 7.5 ± 2.5 for 13ga biopsies, respectively. Three specimens of acceptable quality were obtained with each 15ga and 13ga biopsies. In cats, BM biopsy of the humerus with a 15ga needle is easier and causes less postbiopsy swelling than biopsy of the ilium with a 13ga needle. Sites and needles are equivalent with respect to yielding specimens of acceptable quality. Neither technique consistently captured high-quality specimens. ©2014 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology and European Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.

  7. Fine needle aspiration cytology stained with Rius method in quicker diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Min-Huang; Hsiao, Yung-Lien; Chang, Tien-Chun

    2007-09-01

    The cytologic features of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) have been described and documented in the literature. Most of the studies were related to the Papanicolaou stain or the May-Grnwald-Giemsa stain. The aim of the present study was to analyze detailed cytologic characteristics of MTC diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) stained with a quick method, Rius stain. We collected the FNAC slides of 38 cases with MTC that were proven by surgical pathology. The cytologic findings were reviewed under a light microscope. The median age at diagnosis was 46.5 years, ranging from 13 to 83 years; 20 were women and 18 were men. Among them, seven cases were familial forms and the others were sporadic. The majority of these cases showed moderate to abundant cellularity. Small round cells, spindle-shaped cells and large oval to polygonal cells formed the usual components. Twenty-seven cases were categorized as pleomorphic cell type and 11 cases as monomorphic type. Except in one case, cohesive and clustered small round cells predominated in all cases, alone or coupled with cohesive spindle cells and/or scattered large oval to polygonal cells. The diagnosis of mixed medullary-follicular thyroid carcinoma was made in the case composed solely of grouped polygonal cells. Cytoplasmic granularities were noted in 14 cases and vacuolations were seen in eight. Binucleated and multinucleated cells were not uncommon, while intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions were less frequent. The diagnostic sensitivity for MTC by FNAC was 89%. The distinctive cytopathologic characteristics of MTC by Rius stain allowed us to make the diagnosis in aspiration biopsies accurately and quickly.

  8. [Repeated fine-needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis and follow-up of thyroid nodules].

    PubMed

    Graciano, Agnaldo José; Chone, Carlos Takahiro; Fischer, Carlos Augusto; Bublitz, Giuliano Stefanello; Peixoto, Ana Jacinta de Aquino

    2014-01-01

    The recently-proposed Bethesda reporting system has offered clinical recommendations for each category of reported thyroid cytology, including repeated fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for non-diagnostic and atypia/follicular lesions of undetermined significance, but there are no sound indications for repeated examination after an initial benign exam. To investigate the clinical validity of repeated FNA in the management of patients with thyroid nodules. The present study evaluated 412 consecutive patients who had repeated aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodules after an initial non-diagnostic, atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance, or benign cytology. The majority of patients were female (93.5%) ranging from 13 to 83 years. Non-diagnostic cytology was the most common indication for a repeated examination in 237 patients (57.5%), followed by benign (36.8%), and A/FLUS (5.6%) cytology. A repeated examination altered the initial diagnosis in 70.5% and 78.3% of the non-diagnostic and A/FLUS patients, respectively, whereas only 28.9% of patients with a benign cytology presented with a different diagnosis on a sequential FNA. Repeat FNA is a valuable procedure in cases with initial non-diagnostic or A/FLUS cytology, but its routine use for patients with an initial benign examination appears to not increase the expected likelihood of a malignant finding. Copyright © 2014 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  9. An unexpected diagnosis of ectopic liver diagnosed by fine needle aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Barazza, Gonzalo; Adler, Douglas G.; Factor, Rachel E.

    2016-01-01

    The differential diagnosis of perigastric masses is broad, ranging from benign to malignant entities. Among the benign entities, accessory liver lobes and ectopic liver are unusual and often incidentally discovered. Here, we report a patient with malignant melanoma who was clinically suspected to have a perigastric metastasis or a gastrointestinal stromal tumor but was ultimately diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA) to have benign ectopic liver. A 47-year-old male was diagnosed with malignant melanoma of the scalp in May 2015 at a tertiary care hospital. He was found to have a 2.6 cm enhancing mass adjacent to the fundus of the stomach and below the diaphragm by computed tomography imaging. To exclude metastasis, the patient was referred to endoscopy, and an endoscopic ultrasound-guided FNA was performed with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) by a cytopathologist. A relatively new FNA needle (Shark Core) was used, which produced useful core biopsy material. Cytopathology demonstrated flat sheets, single cells, and small clusters of polygonal cells. There was abundant granular cytoplasm, often containing pigment. Cells lacked pleomorphism. The smear findings appeared consistent with hepatocytes. The cell block demonstrated small core fragments of hepatic parenchyma with portal tracts. Immunohistochemistry for arginase-1 confirmed that this was hepatic tissue. ROSE was useful for communicating with the endoscopist that the mass was both far from, and not connected to, the liver. This is the first documented account of perigastric ectopic liver diagnosed by FNA. This entity should be considered in the differential of perigastric masses. PMID:28105065

  10. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of peripheral nerve sheath tumors in 4 dogs

    PubMed Central

    da Costa, Ronaldo C.; Parent, Joane M.; Dobson, Howard; Ruotsalo, Kristiina; Holmberg, David; Duque, M. Carolina; Poma, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration was used in establishing the diagnosis in 4 cases of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Sonographic and cytologic characteristics are discussed. Because of its availability and ease of use, axillary ultrasonography with fine needle aspiration can be an initial diagnostic step for suspected brachial plexus tumors. PMID:18320983

  11. Cytology of primary vaginal melanoma: An unusual report on fine needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Poojan; Kaushal, Manju

    2017-03-01

    Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely uncommon malignancy comprising of less than 10% malignancies of the female genital tract and 0.3% of all melanomas. Melanoblasts are neural crest derivatives and are notorious for causing primary cutaneous neoplasms. However, they involve virtually every organ of the body including eye, intestines and ocular mucosa, probably due to aberrancies in cell migration. Vagina is a rare site and primary melanoma of the vagina occurs in postmenopausal women with vaginal discharge, bleeding, or mass as common presenting complaints. Only a handful of case reports are available describing this entity on biopsy and PAP smear samples; however, fine needle aspiration has seldom been discussed. In the present report we discuss a case of an elderly female who complained of mass protruding through the vaginal opening, FNAC was done from the mass as well as from the right inguinal lymph node. An extensive clinicoradiological workup, and immunohistochemical confirmation is essential to rule out metastatic lesions and confirm primary. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:252-256. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration of non‐pancreatic lesions: an institutional experience

    PubMed Central

    Anand, Dipti; Barroeta, Julieta E; Gupta, Prabodh K; Kochman, Michael; Baloch, Zubair W

    2007-01-01

    Background Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS‐FNA) has proven to be an effective diagnostic modality for the detection and staging of pancreatic malignancies. In recent years EUS‐FNA has also been used to diagnose lesions of non‐pancreatic sites such as structures in close proximity to the gut wall within the mediastinum, abdomen, pelvis and retro‐peritoneum. Aims To evaluate experience with EUS‐FNA of non‐pancreatic sites at a large university medical centre. Methods The study cohort included 234 patients who underwent EUS‐FNA of 246 lesions in non‐pancreatic sites (122 peri‐pancreatic and coeliac lymph nodes; 9 peri‐pancreatic masses; other sites: mediastinum 12, gastric 25, liver 27, oesophagus 17, duodenum/colon/rectum 15, retro‐peritoneum 8, lung 7, miscellaneous 4). Results The cytology diagnoses were classified as non‐neoplastic/reactive in 82 (33%), atypical/suspicious for malignancy in 25 (10%), malignant in 86 (35%) and non‐diagnostic in 53 (22%) cases. Surgical pathology follow‐up was available in 75 (31%) cases. Excluding the non‐diagnostic cases there were 7 false negative and 3 false positive cases. The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of EUS‐FNA in the diagnosis of lesions of non‐pancreatic sites was 92%, 98% and 97%, respectively. Conclusions EUS‐FNA can be effectively used as a diagnostic modality in the diagnosis of lesions from non‐pancreatic sites. PMID:17220205

  13. Pseudosarcomatous fasciitis and myositis: diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration cytology.

    PubMed

    Wong, Nim Lai; Di, Fang

    2009-12-01

    Nodular fasciitis (NF), proliferative fasciitis (PF), and proliferative myositis (PM) are pseudosarcomatous lesions that typically resolve spontaneously. We previously reported the feasibility of diagnosing this family of lesions by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) based on 17 cases. The present study included 52 new cases (NF, 46; PF, 3; PM, 3) diagnosed by FNAC at Kiang Wu Hospital, Macau, 2001 to 2007, to validate the diagnostic features. All lesions appeared as recent-onset, small, superficially located, rapidly growing nodules. In 88% of cases (46/52: NF, 41; PF, 2; PM, 3), spontaneous resolution occurred in 1 to 16 weeks (median, 2 weeks) after FNAC diagnosis. FNAC smears were characterized by a hypercellular and polymorphic pattern of lesional cells and distinctive ganglion cell-like cells in most cases. Most cases of NF (36/46 [78%]) showed "typical" cytologic features. A minority of NF cases showed granuloma-like or myxoid features. FNAC is an effective diagnostic tool for NF, PF, and PM; a correct cytologic diagnosis spares patients an operative procedure. Excisional biopsy can be reserved for cases showing atypical clinical courses or in which FNAC shows low cellularity with absence of ganglion cell-like cells.

  14. Review of fine-needle aspiration cytology of salivary gland neoplasms, with emphasis on differential diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Mukunyadzi, Perkins

    2002-12-01

    The widespread use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of salivary gland lesions in many centers is testimony to its usefulness and acceptance as a diagnostic technique. Many pertinent questions concerning a mass arising in the salivary gland can be answered by evaluation of FNA cytologic material, and these include whether the mass is truly of salivary gland origin, whether the lesion is inflammatory or neoplastic, and if neoplastic, whether benign or malignant. On diagnosis of a neoplastic salivary gland lesion, the next important issue is to correctly classify the tumor, particularly if malignant. Specific cytologic diagnoses can be achieved in the majority of cases, thus enabling the clinician and patient to make appropriate informed decisions. The cytologic evaluation of salivary gland tumors, however, is limited by the wide range and heterogeneous nature of benign and malignant tumors arising in this area, many of which share similar or show overlapping cytologic features, making the diagnosis of rare tumors problematic. In this review, the cytologic features of the major salivary gland neoplasms, the differential diagnoses, and the salient points that, if examined carefully, help achieve a specific diagnosis are discussed.

  15. Evaluation of pediatric abdominal masses by fine-needle aspiration cytology: a clinicoradiologic approach.

    PubMed

    Viswanathan, Seethalakshmi; George, Sophia; Ramadwar, Mukta; Medhi, Seema; Arora, Brijesh; Kurkure, Purna

    2010-01-01

    The pathologist forms a very important part of the clinical team in the management of pediatric intra-abdominal masses in giving a rapid, accurate diagnosis for these potentially curable tumors. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an invaluable tool in this regard when interpreted with clinicoradiologic parameters. With this in mind, we decided to evaluate the role of FNAC in pediatric abdominal masses in our institution. A total of 83 of 105 FNAC accessioned in the pathology department over 5 years (2003-2007) were studied. These included only cases where a diagnosis could be offered on cytology. Detailed clinicoradiological features were obtained from hospital records. Cytomorphological features examined included cellularity, architectural pattern, background, key cellular details. Immunocytochemistry were done where necessary. Lesions diagnosed on FNAC included Wilms' tumor (19), lymphoma (10), neuroblastoma (6), hepatoblastoma (5), PNET (5), rhabdomyosarcoma (2), DSRCT (2), germ cell tumor (6), and miscellaneous tumors (7). Definite diagnosis could be offered on cytomorphology in 74.7% (62) cases, while in 25.3% (21) cases only a diagnosis of round cell tumor could be offered. Concordance with final histopathology and biochemical parameters was subsequently obtained in 79/83 (95.5%) of cases. A clinically relevant classification is possible on FNAC in pediatric abdominal tumors when interpreted with clinicoradiologic parameters. This obviates the need for a more time-consuming biopsy procedure in critical situations and in stage II nephroblastoma where it is contraindicated. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. Comparison of canine core bone marrow biopsies from multiple sites using different techniques and needles.

    PubMed

    Abrams-Ogg, Anthony C G; Defarges, Alice; Foster, Robert A; Bienzle, Dorothee

    2012-06-01

    Commonly used 11 or 13ga needles are relatively large for collection of bone marrow (BM) biopsies from small dogs. The aims of this study were to assess ease of BM collection and quality of specimens obtained from small dogs using 13 and 15ga needles and to determine if specimen encasement would improve quality. Humeral and iliac biopsies obtained from 17 Beagle dogs with a 15ga needle and a power driver were compared with humeral biopsies obtained with a 13ga Jamshidi needle. Ease of collection (scored as 1 [very difficult] to 5 [very easy] for 3 components of collection with scores summed), section quality (scored as 1 [poor] to 5 [good]), and lesions at collection sites were scored. Quality of additional humeral biopsies obtained with a 15ga needle and wrapped in tissue paper prior to fixation was assessed. Use of a 15ga needle to obtain a humeral BM biopsy was significantly easier (mean score ± SD = 13.6 ± 1.7) than obtaining humeral BM using a 13ga needle (11.4 ± 1.6; P < .001) or obtaining iliac BM using a 15ga needle (10.9 ± 2.0, P < .001). Quality of humeral biopsies obtained with a 13ga needle (3.9 ± 1.2) was better than for biopsies of the humerus (1.9 ± 1.3, P < .001) or ilium (1.4 ± 0.6, P < .001) using a 15ga needle. Only sites sampled with a 13ga needle were identifiable grossly after the procedure. In most biopsies, cell density and cellularity were lower when a 15ga needle was used. Paper-wrapping of biopsies did not improve quality. In small dogs, collection of humeral BM biopsies using a 15g needle is feasible and more easily accomplished than collection using a 13ga needle. Hematopoiesis may be underestimated in specimens collected using the smaller needle. © 2012 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.

  17. Radial scar lesions of the breast diagnosed by needle core biopsy: analysis of cases containing occult malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Douglas‐Jones, Anthony G; Denson, Jemimah L; Cox, Adam C; Harries, Iwan B; Stevens, Guy

    2007-01-01

    Aim To identify and review cases of false negative needle core biopsy (NCB) in the preoperative investigation of radial scar/complex sclerosing lesion (RS/CSL) lesions—that is, benign NCB from RS/CSL which contained malignancy on excision. Methods and results A total of 11 false negative NCB in RS/CSL lesions from 281 (3.9%) were identified (6 cases: B1, 2 cases: B2 and 3 cases: B3). In 6 of 11 cases a radial scar or stromal sclerosis was seen in NCB. Localisation biopsy showed duct carcinoma in situ in six cases, duct carcinoma in situ with invasive carcinoma in three and invasive carcinoma in two. In all 11 cases, needle tracks were identified as missing the malignant epithelium by a mean of 5 mm (median:4 mm; range:1–20 mm). In 9 of 11 cases, the malignancy was missed by <6 mm. Conclusions Despite evidence of accurate targeting of lesions, the use of NCB instead of fine needle aspiration cytology has not eliminated the problem of false negative biopsy in RS/CSL, and excision is recommended. PMID:16731590

  18. Low cost augmented reality for training of MRI-guided needle biopsy of the spine.

    PubMed

    George, Sandeep; Kesavadas, Thenkurussi

    2008-01-01

    In needle biopsy of the spine, an Augmented Reality (AR) image guidance system can be very effective in ensuring that while targeting the lesion with the biopsy needle, vital organs near the spine are not damaged and that the approach path is accurate. This procedure requires skill that is hard to master on patients. In this paper, we present a low cost AR based training set-up which consists of a software that uses one static single-camera tracking mechanism to locate the biopsy needle in the patient and which then augments the camera feed of the patient with virtual data providing real-time guidance to the surgeon for insertion of the biopsy needle. The setup is implemented using a phantom model consisting of a set of carefully modeled holes to simulate the needle insertion task. The lack of requirement of elaborate infrared tracking systems and high computing power makes this system very effective for educational and training purposes.

  19. Transjugular Liver Biopsy: A Review of 77 Biopsies Using a Spring-Propelled Cutting Needle (Biopsy Gun)

    SciTech Connect

    Gorriz, Elias; Reyes, Ricardo; Lobrano, Mary Beth; Pulido-Duque, Juan M.; San Roman, Jose L.; Lonjedo, Elena; Ferral, Hector; Maynar, Manuel

    1996-11-15

    Seventy-seven transjugular liver biopsies were performed with a coaxial, spring-loaded, 18-gauge cutting needle, the Biopty gun (Bard Biopsy System, Covington, GA, USA) on consecutive patients between July 1993 and February 1995. Fifty men and 27 women were included in the study; the mean age was 45 years (range 15-69 years). The average number of punctures per patient was 5.2, with a range of 2-9, yielding an average of 4.8 samples per patient (range 1-7). The length of the samples varied from 10 to 22 mm with a constant diameter of 1 mm. The mean time required to complete the procedure was 48 min (43-52 min). Histological diagnoses were obtained in 74 of 77 patients (96%), with non-diagnostic specimens attributed to excessive fragmentation (3 cases). Complications occurred in 10 patients (puncture site hematoma, carotid artery puncture, abdominal pain, vasovagal reaction, hepatic capsule perforation, and hemobilia). The latter two complications were self-limited. In our experience this transjugular hepatic biopsy method is promising for performing biopsies in patients with chronic liver disease, due to its high success rate and low morbidity rate.

  20. Suction-modified needle biopsy technique for the human soleus muscle.

    PubMed

    Cotter, Joshua A; Yu, Alvin; Kreitenberg, Arthur; Haddad, Fadia H; Baker, Michael J; Fox, John C; Adams, Gregory R

    2013-10-01

    The needle biopsy technique for the soleus muscle is of particular interest because of the muscle's unique fiber type distribution, contractile properties, and sensitivity to unloading. Unlike other commonly biopsied muscles, the soleus is not fully superficial and is in close proximity to neurovascular structures, resulting in a more challenging biopsy. Because of this, a standardized protocol for performing needle biopsies on the human soleus muscle that is safe, reliable, and repeatable is presented. Ultrasonography was used on an initial set of 12 subjects to determine the optimal biopsy zone, thereby guiding the location of the incision site. There were 45 subjects recruited who attended 2 separate biopsy sessions. Each biopsy session incorporated 3 passes of the biopsy needle proximal, posterior, and distal using suction from a portable vacuum source producing 3 separate muscle specimens. There were 84 soleus muscle biopsy procedures which were successfully conducted yielding 252 total samples without complication. Ultrasonography was used to confirm biopsy needle infiltration of the soleus muscle. Average sample weight obtained per pass was 61.5 +/- 15.7 mg. Histochemistry and molecular analyses demonstrated a considerably higher amount of slow type I MHC in comparison to the vastus lateralis, providing verification for the successful sampling of the soleus muscle. The procedure presented consists of a detailed protocol to accurately and consistently obtain muscle biopsy samples from the human soleus muscle. We have demonstrated that the human soleus biopsy is a safe, reliable, and repeatable procedure providing ample tissue for multiple types of analyses.

  1. [Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy for the diagnosis of fibroepithelial breast tumors].

    PubMed

    Ricci, Marcos Desidério; Amaral, Paulo Gustavo Tenório do; Aoki, Denis Seiiti; Oliveira Filho, Hélio Rubens de; Pinheiro, Walter da Silva; Filassi, José Roberto; Baracat, Edmund Chada

    2011-01-01

    to evaluate the concordance rate of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy followed by excisional biopsy in palpable breast lumps, suggestive of fibroepithelial tumors. a retrospective study included 70 biopsies with a histological diagnosis of fibroepithelial tumor in 67 out of 531 patients with breast lesions submitted to ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with a high frequency (7.5 MHz) linear transducer, using an automatic Bard-Magnum gun and a 14-gauge needle. Cases with a diagnosis of fibroepithelial tumor by core needle biopsy or excisional biopsy and with a diagnosis of fibrosclerosis were included in the study. The agreement between the two biopsy methods was assessed using the Kappa coefficient. excisional biopsy revealed 40 cases of fibroadenoma (57.1%), 19 cases of phyllodes tumor (27.2%), and 11 cases of fibrosclerosis (15.7%). The concordance rate for fibroadenoma was substantial (k = 0.68, 95%CI = 0.45 - 0.91), almost perfect for the phyllodes tumor (k = 0.81, 95%CI = 0.57 - 1.0), and moderate for fibrosclerosis (k = 0.58, 95%CI = 0.36 - 0.90). the core needle biopsy is a minimally invasive method that has "substantial" to "almost perfect" concordance rate with excisional biopsy. Fibrosclerosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of fibroepithelial tumors.

  2. Fine needle aspiration cytology of bone tumours- the experience from the National Orthopaedic and Lagos University Teaching Hospitals, Lagos, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Nnodu, Obiageli E; Giwa, SO; Eyesan, Samuel U; Abdulkareem, Fatima B

    2006-01-01

    Background Due to difficulty in confirming clinical suspicions of malignancy in patients presenting with bone tumours, the cost of surgical biopsies where hospital charges are borne almost entirely by patients, competition with bone setters and healing homes with high rate of loss to follow up; we set out to find if sufficient material could be obtained to arrive at reliable tissue diagnosis in patients with clinical and radiological evidence of bone tumours in our hospitals. Methods After initial clinical and plain radiographic examinations, patients were sent for fine needle aspirations. Aspirations were carried out with size 23G needles of varying lengths with 10 ml syringes in a syringe holder (CAMECO, Sebre Medical, Vellinge, Sweden). The aspirates were air dried, stained by the MGG method and examined microscopically. Histology was performed on patients who had subsequent surgical biopsy. These were then correlated with the cytology reports. Results Out of 96 patients evaluated, [57 males, 39 females, Mean age 31.52 years, Age Range 4–76 years,] material sufficient for diagnosis was obtained in 90 patients. Cytological diagnosis of benign lesions was made in 40 patients and malignant in 47. Of these, 27 were metastases, osteogenic sarcoma 16, giant cell tumour 19, infection 11. Histology was obtained in 41 patients. Correct diagnosis of benignity was made in 17 out of 18 cases, malignancy in 21 out of 22 cases. One non-diagnostic case was malignant. The accuracy of specific cytological diagnosis was 36/41 (87.8%) and incorrect in 5/41 (12.2%). Conclusion We conclude that FNAC can be useful in the pre-operative assessment of bone tumours especially where other diagnostic modalities are unavailable. PMID:16776844

  3. Feasibility of near-infrared diffuse optical spectroscopy on patients undergoing imageguided core-needle biopsy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Bing; Burnside, Elizabeth S.; Sisney, Gale A.; Harter, Josephine M.; Zhu, Changfang; Dhalla, Al-Hafeez; Ramanujam, Nirmala

    2007-06-01

    We describe a side-firing fiber optic sensor based on near-infrared spectroscopy for guiding core needle biopsy diagnosis of breast cancer. The sensor is composed of three side firing optical fibers (two source fibers and one detection fiber), providing two source-detector separations. The entire assembly is inserted into a core biopsy needle, allowing for sampling to occur at the biopsy site. A multi-wavelength frequency-domain near-infrared instrument is used to collect diffuse reflectance in the breast tissue through an aperture on the biopsy needle before the tissue is removed for histology. Preliminary in vivo measurements performed on 10 normal or benign breast tissues from 5 women undergoing stereo- or ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy show the ability of the system to determine tissue optical properties and constituent concentrations, which are correlated with breast tissue composition derived from histopathology.

  4. The role of ultrasound-guided needle biopsy in the diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors.

    PubMed

    Battaglia, M; Pollastri, P; Ferraro, A; Betoni, F; Bacci, G; Galletti, S

    2007-06-01

    Soft-tissue tumors are not very common, but their diagnosis can be very difficult. In the final analysis, their diagnosis requires a biopsy, which must furnish a sufficient amount of material to allow a reliable histological diagnosis. The authors evaluated the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound-guided needle biopsy in the diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors of the musculoskeletal system. The aim of the study was to optimize the biopsy procedure, with particular emphasis on the choice of the biopsy needle (large-gauge manual versus semiautomatic) based on the characteristics of the neoplastic mass (consistency, depth, size, location). The results of the study showed that appropriate needle selection significantly reduced the frequency of biopsies that were insufficient for histological diagnosis. The method proved to be highly reliable for diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors but strongly related to the proper selection of the needle to be used.

  5. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy-guided fine needle aspiration for the diagnosis of lung lesions.

    PubMed

    Odronic, Shelley I; Gildea, Thomas R; Chute, Deborah J

    2014-12-01

    Many peripheral lung lesions are beyond the reach of conventional bronchoscopes, and require percutaneous CT-guided or open surgical biopsy, which carry increased risks to the patient. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) is a relatively new technique, which uses an image guided localization system to direct steerable bronchoscopic tools to predetermined points within the bronchial tree. This technology allows improved access to peripheral lesions in particular. We investigated the sensitivity and specificity of ENB-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of lung lesions. All ENB-guided FNAs performed at one institution were included in the study. The superDimension i-Logic System™ was used in all cases. Pathologic reports of the ENB-guided FNAs, as well as all other pulmonary sampling performed simultaneously with the FNA and within 1 year of the ENB-guided FNA were reviewed. Patients with a positive ENB-guided FNA or malignancy within the same lobe within the follow-up period were considered positive for malignancy. Patients with an atypical diagnosis but no definitive malignancy were considered negative for malignancy for statistical purposes. Ninety-one patients underwent 95 ENB-guided FNAs over a 3-year period. Thirty-five patients (38%) were positive for malignancy. ENB-guided FNA had a sensitivity of 63% for the detection of malignancy. The sensitivity for the detection of malignancy using all ENB-guided sampling methods, including FNA, bronchoscopic biopsy, and bronchial brushing was 83%. Pathologists and cytotechnologists should be aware of ENB-guided FNA as an emerging technology with a relatively high sensitivity for the diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions.

  6. Are We Overtreating Papillomas Diagnosed on Core Needle Biopsy?

    PubMed Central

    Cyr, Amy E.; Novack, Deborah; Trinkaus, Kathryn; Margenthaler, Julie A.; Gillanders, William E.; Eberlein, Timothy J.; Ritter, Jon; Aft, Rebecca L.

    2014-01-01

    Background Breast papillomas often are diagnosed with core needle biopsy (CNB). Most studies support excision for atypical papillomas, because as many as one half will be upgraded to malignancy on final pathology. The literature is less clear on the management of papillomas without atypia on CNB. Our goal was to determine factors associated with pathology upgrade on excision. Methods Our pathology database was searched for breast papillomas diagnosed by CNB during the past 10 years. We identified 277 charts and excluded lesions associated with atypia or malignancy on CNB. Two groups were identified: papillomas that were surgically excised (group 1) and those that were not (group 2). Charts were reviewed for the subsequent diagnosis of cancer or high-risk lesions. Appropriate statistical tests were used to analyze the data. Results A total of 193 papillomas were identified. Eighty-two lesions were excised (42%). Caucasian women were more likely to undergo excision (p = 0.03). Twelve percent of excised lesions were upgraded to malignancy. Increasing age was a predictor of upgrading, but this was not significant. Clinical presentation, lesion location, biopsy technique, and breast cancer history were not associated with pathology upgrade. Two lesions in group 2 ultimately required excision due to enlargement, and both were upgraded to malignancy. Conclusions Twenty-four percent of papillomas diagnosed on CNB have upgraded pathology on excision—half to malignancy. All of the cancers diagnosed were stage 0 or I. For patients in whom excision was not performed, 2 of 111 papillomas were later excised and upgraded to malignancy. PMID:21046266

  7. Diagnostic Accuracy and Safety of CT-Guided Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsies: 14-Gauge versus 22-Gauge Needles.

    PubMed

    Ocak, Sebahat; Duplaquet, Fabrice; Jamart, Jacques; Pirard, Lionel; Weynand, Birgit; Delos, Monique; Eucher, Philippe; Rondelet, Benoît; Dupont, Michael; Delaunois, Luc; Sibille, Yves; Dahlqvist, Caroline

    2016-05-01

    To compare the diagnostic accuracy and safety of a 14-gauge core needle versus a 22-gauge fine needle in the evaluation of thoracic lesions by CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB). Medical charts of all patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic core-needle biopsies (CNBs) with a 14-gauge Spirotome device (99 patients, 102 procedures) and fine-needle biopsies (FNBs) with a 22-gauge Rotex needle (92 patients, 102 procedures) between 2007 and 2013 at a single academic institution were retrospectively reviewed. Variables that could influence diagnostic accuracy and safety were collected. The overall and cancer-specific diagnostic accuracy rates were 90% and 94%, respectively, with CNB, versus 82% and 89% with FNB. Precise cancer type/subtype was provided by 97% of CNBs versus 65% of FNBs (P < .001). In patients with lung cancer considered for targeted therapy, biomarker analyses were feasible in 80% of CNBs versus 0% of FNBs (P < .001). The rate of pneumothorax was significantly higher with CNB versus FNB (31% vs 19%; P = .004), but chest tube insertion rates were similar (10% vs 11%, respectively). Major bleeding complications occurred in 1% of CNBs versus 2% of FNBs and were associated with one death in the CNB group. Percutaneous transthoracic CNB with a 14-gauge Spirotome needle provided better characterization of cancer lesions and allowed biomarker analyses without a significant increase in major procedural complications. Copyright © 2016 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Peripheral blood smears, bone marrow aspiration, trephine and clot biopsies: methods and protocols.

    PubMed

    Afkhami, Michelle; Vergara-Lluri, Maria; Brynes, Russell K; Siddiqi, Imran N

    2014-01-01

    Maximum diagnostic information is obtained when peripheral blood smears, bone marrow aspiration smears, trephine biopsy imprints, trephine and clot biopsy sections are simultaneously examined. Peripheral blood smears reflect end organ function and provide clues to underlying hematolymphoid pathology that may prompt additional studies including bone marrow examination. Bone marrow aspiration alone has diagnostic utility in the evaluation of a limited number of primary hematological conditions including: megaloblastic anemias, hyporegenerative anemias, certain hemolytic anemias, normochromic normocytic anemias, neutropenias, thrombocytopenias, immunoglobulin disorders, storage diseases, and leukemias (Bain, J Clin Pathol 54:657-663, 2001). Bone marrow trephine biopsy is indicated in those situations where marrow aspiration is unsuccessful; in evaluation of cytopenias, myelofibrosis, suspicion of lymphoma, metastatic tumor, granulomatous disease, evaluation of myeloproliferative neoplasms, and for the examination of trabecular bone in metabolic diseases (Bain, J Clin Pathol 54:737-742, 2001). Many of the indications for marrow aspiration overlap with those for trephine biopsy. Because it is not possible to predict which patients will have diagnostic aspiration biopsies and which will have diagnostic trephine biopsies, both procedures are routinely performed together (Brynes et al., Am J Clin Pathol 70:753-759, 1978; Cotelingam, Adv Anat Pathol 10:8-26, 2003; Lee et al., Int J Lab Hematol 30:349-364, 2008; Peterson et al., Arch Pathol Lab Med 126:1050-1056, 2002).

  9. Slow pull versus suction in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of pancreatic solid masses.

    PubMed

    Nakai, Yousuke; Isayama, Hiroyuki; Chang, Kenneth J; Yamamoto, Natsuyo; Hamada, Tsuyoshi; Uchino, Rie; Mizuno, Suguru; Miyabayashi, Koji; Yamamoto, Keisuke; Kawakubo, Kazumichi; Kogure, Hirofumi; Sasaki, Takashi; Hirano, Kenji; Tanaka, Mariko; Tada, Minoru; Fukayama, Masashi; Koike, Kazuhiko

    2014-07-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of pancreatic masses is an established procedure for obtaining a pathological specimen. However, application of suction during EUS-FNA is still controversial and the efficacy of the slow-pull technique was recently reported for new core biopsy needles. The purpose of this study was to compare the suction and slow-pull techniques using regular FNA needles. The diagnostic yield of the suction and slow-pull techniques was retrospectively studied for patients who underwent EUS-FNA for pancreatic solid lesions. A total of 367 passes (181 by suction and 186 by the slow-pull technique) were performed during 97 EUS-FNA procedures for 93 patients with pancreatic solid lesions. The slow-pull technique resulted in lower scores for cellularity (≥2 for 37.5 % vs. 76.7 %) but scores for contamination with blood were lower (≥2 for 25.0 % vs. 66.7 %) and sensitivity of diagnosis of malignancy was higher (90.0 % vs. 67.9 %) when a 25-gauge FNA needle was used. There were no significant differences between the two techniques when a 22-gauge needle was used. In multivariate analysis of 82 cases with malignancy, the slow-pull technique (odds ratio (OR) 1.92, P = 0.028), tumor size ≥25 mm (OR 4.64, P < 0.001), and tumor location in the body or tail (OR 2.82, P < 0.001) were associated with greater sensitivity. The slow-pull technique was associated with less contamination with blood and can potentially increase the diagnostic yield compared with the suction technique in EUS-FNA of pancreatic solid masses, especially with a 25-gauge FNA needle.

  10. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous splenic biopsy using an 18-G core biopsy needle: our experience with 52 cases

    PubMed Central

    Dawe, Gemma; Tung, Ken

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The spleen is more commonly affected in multiorgan disease, but alternative sites are selected for biopsy owing to perceived haemorrhage risk. If these sites are inaccessible or, less commonly, the spleen is the only disease site, then splenic biopsy is considered, with most studies using a 20- to 22-G needle. The primary aim of biopsy is to exclude underlying malignancy or to obtain histological analysis in known malignancy, usually lymphoma, when reclassification is required for therapy. We present, to our knowledge, the largest series of 18-G ultrasound-guided splenic core needle biopsy assessing diagnostic and complication rates. Methods: All ultrasound-guided splenic biopsy cases from May 1990 to May 2015 were identified on the radiology information system. Histological diagnosis and complications were identified from laboratory reports, case notes and discharge summaries to assess diagnostic positive and complication rates. Haemorrhages requiring transfusion, embolization or splenectomy, pneumothorax, other significant intra-abdominal injury or death are classified as major complications, whilst conservative haemorrhage management is considered a minor complication. Results: A total of 52 splenic biopsies were performed in 47 patients. A positive diagnostic yield for all biopsies was 90.4%. The major and minor complication rates were 0% and 1.9% (1/52), respectively. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided 18-G splenic biopsy is a safe and accurate procedure with no added risk of complications when compared with smaller needles or biopsy of other abdominal organs. Advances in knowledge: This is the largest case series of ultrasound-guided splenic biopsy with an 18-G needle, and our experience confirms a high diagnostic yield and a complication rate which compares favourably with the biopsy of other abdominal organs. PMID:26337505

  11. Electromagnetic navigation transthoracic needle aspiration for the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules: a safety and feasibility pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Arias, Sixto; Feller-Kopman, David; Semaan, Roy; Wang, Ko Pen; Frimpong, Bernice; Oakjones Burgess, Karen; Thompson, Richard; Chen, Alex; Ortiz, Ricardo; Lee, Hans J.

    2016-01-01

    Background Pulmonary nodules remain a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Minimally invasive biopsy methods include bronchoscopy and CT guided transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA). A novel electromagnetic guidance transthoracic needle aspiration (ETTNA) procedure which can be combined with navigational bronchoscopy (NB) and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) in a single setting has become available. Methods A prospective pilot study examining the safety, feasibility and diagnostic yield of ETTNA in a single procedural setting. All patients enrolled underwent EBUS for lung cancer staging followed by NB and ETTNA. Feasibility of performing ETTNA and a safety assessment by recording procedural related complications including pneumothorax or bleeding was performed. Diagnostic yield of ETTNA defined by a definitive pathologic tissue diagnosis was recorded. An additional diagnostic yield analysis was performed using a cohort analysis of combined interventions (EBUS + NB + ETTNA). All non-diagnostic biopsies were either followed with radiographic imaging or a surgical biopsy was performed. Results Twenty-four subjects were enrolled. ETTNA was feasible in 96% of cases. No bleeding events occurred. There were five pneumothoraces (21%) of which only two (8%) subjects required drainage. The diagnostic yield for ETTNA alone was 83% and increased to 87% (P=0.0016) when ETTNA was combined with NB. When ETTNA and NB were performed with EBUS for complete staging, the diagnostic yield increased further to 92% (P=0.0001). Conclusions This is the first human pilot study demonstrating an acceptable safety and feasibility profile with a novel ETTNA system. Further studies are needed to investigate the increased diagnostic yield from this pilot study. PMID:26904228

  12. Fibromatosis of the Breast: Diagnostic Accuracy of Core Needle Biopsy.

    PubMed

    Kuba, M Gabriela; Lester, Susan C; Giess, Catherine S; Bertagnolli, Monica M; Wieczorek, Tad J; Brock, Jane E

    2017-09-01

    Fibromatosis of the breast is an uncommon neoplasm with potential for local recurrence. Treatment has traditionally been surgical excision with current trends toward conservative management. Given the option of observation after diagnosis by core needle biopsy (CNB), we sought to evaluate the accuracy of CNB for diagnosing fibromatosis. We identified a total of 31 cases in which fibromatosis had been diagnosed or included in the differential diagnosis on a CNB, an excision, or both. Morphology and immunohistochemical results were reviewed. Aberrant nuclear immunoreactivity for β-catenin and absent staining for CD34 were the most useful studies to diagnose fibromatosis, and one or both were performed in 21 (68%) cases. High molecular weight cytokeratins and p63 were helpful to exclude spindle cell carcinoma. Of 26 cases confirmed as fibromatosis on excision, 22 (85%) were diagnosed as fibromatosis or fibromatosis was favored in the differential diagnosis on CNB. More frequent use of immunohistochemistry would likely have resulted in a greater number of definitive diagnoses. Fibromatosis was rarely mistaken for other nonmalignant stromal lesions, with no cases misdiagnosed as carcinoma. CNB can be an accurate method of diagnosing fibromatosis, allowing observation for a select group of patients.

  13. Efficacy of Core Needle Biopsy Technique for Jawbone Diseases.

    PubMed

    Stolbizer, Federico; Cabrini, Romulo L; Keszler, Alicia

    2015-12-01

    Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been proven useful for diagnosing bone lesions, although it is not often used for jawbone lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the CNB method in a series of cases of intramaxillary lesions. CNB was performed on 85 patients with intraosseous lesions which were grouped according to radiographic appearance as: radiopaque lesions (RO, n=13), radiolucent lesions (RL, n=39) and mixed lesions with both radiolucent and radiopaque areas (RL-RO, n=33). The technique enabled us to obtain several tissue cylinders from each lesion (average 2.5 cylinders), which were processed following routine histopathological technique and H&E stain, plus special techniques when necessary. The histopathological analysis together with clinical data enabled accurate diagnosis (AD) in 81% of the cases and descriptive diagnosis (DD) in 14%. The material obtained in 5% of the cases was not appropriate for study (ND). The difference between successful (AD) and unsuccessful (DD+ND) CNB cases is statistically significant. The highest percentage of successful CBNs was for RO and RLRO lesions (85% and 100% respectively). RL lesions were more difficult because most of them were cystic lesions with fluid content.

  14. Use of fine needle aspirate from peripheral nerves of pure-neural leprosy for cytology and PCR to confirm the diagnosis: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Reja, Abu Hena Hasanoor; De, Abhishek; Biswas, Supratik; Chattopadhyay, Amitabha; Chatterjee, Gobinda; Bhattacharya, Basudev; Sarda, Aarti; Aggarwal, Ishad

    2013-01-01

    The diagnosis of pure neural leprosy (PNL) remained subjective because of over-dependence of clinical expertise and a lack of simple yet reliable diagnostic tool. The criteria for diagnosis, proposed by Jardim et al., are not routinely done by clinicians in developing country as it involves invasive nerve biopsy and sophisticated anti-PGL-1 detection. We conducted a study using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) coupled with Ziehl Neelsen staining (ZN staining) and Multiplex-Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) specific for M. leprae for an objective diagnosis of pure neural leprosy (PNL), which may be simpler and yet reliable. The aim of the study is to couple FNAC with ZN staining and multiplex PCR to diagnose pure neural leprosy patients rapidly, in simpler and yet reliable way. Thirteen patients of PNL as diagnosed by two independent consultants were included as case, and 5 patients other than PNL were taken as control in the study. Fine needle aspiration was done on the affected nerve, and aspirates were evaluated for cytology, ZN staining and multiplex-PCR. Out of the 13 cases where fine needle aspiration was done, M. leprae could be elicited in the nerve tissue aspirates in 5 cases (38.4%) with the help of conventional acid-fast staining and 11 cases (84.6%) with the help of multiplex PCR. On cytological examination of the aspirates, only 3 (23%) cases showed specific epithelioid cells, whereas 8 (61.5%) cases showed non-specific inflammation, and 2 (15.3%) cases had no inflammatory cells. Our study demonstrates that in the field of laboratory diagnosis of PNL cases, FNAC in combination with ZN staining for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) and Multiplex-PCR can provide a rapid and definitive diagnosis for the majority of PNL cases. FNAC is a less-invasive, outdoor-based and simpler technique than invasive nerve biopsy procedure. Thus, this study may enlighten the future path for easy and reliable diagnosis of PNL.

  15. Excisional biopsy of borderline lesions after large bore vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy- is it necessary?

    PubMed

    Green, Sari; Khalkhali, Iraj; Azizollahi, Elliot; Venegas, Rose; Jalil, Yasmin; Dauphine, Christine

    2011-10-01

    The current recommendation for borderline breast lesions after core needle biopsy is for surgical excision due to a high rate of pathologic underestimation. With the use of vacuum-assisted core needle (VACN) biopsy devices, upgrade rates have improved, but still average 20 per cent. We routinely use larger bore VACNs (7- and 8-gauge) than previously reported (9 to 11-gauge). The aim of this study is to evaluate the upgrade rate to malignancy in patients undergoing VACN using larger bore needles. VACN biopsies were performed in 902 patients. Of those, 87 were recommended excisional biopsy for borderline or noncorrelating lesions and 66 underwent the procedure. Two patients were upgraded to cancer, for an overall upstage rate of 3 per cent. Both of these underestimations were in patients that initially had atypical ductal hyperplasia. In the patients not excised, no patient developed further cancer. A 7- or 8-gauge needle was used in 57 per cent of patients, greater than 90 per cent removal of the initial lesion was accomplished in 53 per cent of cases, and there were no bleeding complications. This study suggests that upgrade rates decline with larger bore biopsy needles with near complete excision of the initial lesion, and that some borderline lesions may potentially be managed nonoperatively.

  16. Random Periareolar Fine-Needle Aspiration: The New Pap Smear of the Breast?

    PubMed Central

    Lester, Joanne; Yee, Lisa Diane

    2012-01-01

    Random periareolar fine-needle aspiration continues to gain scientific credence in the short-term identification of women at increased risk for breast cancer. As this technique becomes more widely used, APs may seek to be trained in an effort to expand clinical trials, and someday provide a "Pap smear of the breast" for the women who need it most. PMID:25031974

  17. Precision of coaxial needle placement in computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle biopsy

    PubMed Central

    HUANG, RUI; JIANG, NAN-CHUAN; LU, HAO-HAO; WANG, YU-HUI; LI, HUI; SHI, HE-SHUI; HAN, PING

    2013-01-01

    In the present study, a set of self-designed measurement protocols for the precision of coaxial needle placement (PCNP) was proposed and applied in a computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB) audit of an interventional radiologist to determine if the PCNP was commensurate with the experience of the operator. A total of 102 patients (98 with lung lesions and four with mediastinum lesions) consented to be subjected to CT-guided TNB performed by staff interventional radiologists. The patients were divided into two groups based on appointment date. Group A consisted of the first 51 patients and group B comprised of the latter 51 patients. A set of self-designed measurement protocols for PCNP was proposed, and the PCNP was classified into four grades, from grade 1 (most accurate) to grade 4 (least accurate). PCNPs were independently measured by three staff radiologists who were blind to the grouping. The anatomical features of the lesions were also analyzed between the two groups. A significant difference in the PCNP gained after the first needle placement was identified between the two groups (P=0.003, two-tailed). The number of patients in group B with grade I PCNP (51.0%) was significantly higher than that in group A (21.6%) (P<0.05). The number of patients in group B with grade III PCNP (11.8%) was significantly lower than that in group A (29.4%, P<0.05). The PCNP was observed to be commensurate with the experience of the operator and should be considered as a routine audit index in CT-guided TNB. PMID:24223663

  18. 22-gauge core vs 22-gauge aspiration needle for endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of abdominal masses

    PubMed Central

    Sterlacci, William; Sioulas, Athanasios D; Veits, Lothar; Gönüllü, Pervin; Schachschal, Guido; Groth, Stefan; Anders, Mario; Kontos, Christos K; Topalidis, Theodoros; Hinsch, Andrea; Vieth, Michael; Rösch, Thomas; Denzer, Ulrike W

    2016-01-01

    AIM To compare the aspiration needle (AN) and core biopsy needle (PC) in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of abdominal masses. METHODS Consecutive patients referred for EUS-FNA were included in this prospective single-center trial. Each patient underwent a puncture of the lesion with both standard 22-gauge (G) AN (Echo Tip Ultra; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Indiana, United States) and the novel 22G PC (EchoTip ProCore; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Indiana, United States) in a randomized fashion; histology was attempted in the PC group only. The main study endpoint was the overall diagnostic accuracy, including the contribution of histology to the final diagnosis. Secondary outcome measures included material adequacy, number of needle passes, and complications. RESULTS Fifty six consecutive patients (29 men; mean age 68 years) with pancreatic lesions (n = 38), lymphadenopathy (n = 13), submucosal tumors (n = 4), or others lesions (n = 1) underwent EUS-FNA using both of the needles in a randomized order. AN and PC reached similar overall results for diagnostic accuracy (AN: 88.9 vs PC: 96.1, P = 0.25), specimen adequacy (AN: 96.4% vs PC: 91.1%, P = 0.38), mean number of passes (AN: 1.5 vs PC: 1.7, P = 0.14), mean cellularity score (AN: 1.7 vs PC: 1.1, P = 0.058), and complications (none). A diagnosis on the basis of histology was achieved in the PC group in 36 (64.3%) patients, and in 2 of those as the sole modality. In patients with available histology the mean cellularity score was higher for AN (AN: 1.7 vs PC: 1.0, P = 0.034); no other differences were of statistical significance. CONCLUSION Both needles achieved high overall diagnostic yields and similar performance characteristics for cytological diagnosis; histological analysis was only possible in 2/3 of cases with the new needle. PMID:27818598

  19. Comparison of Battery-Powered and Manual Bone Biopsy Systems for Core Needle Biopsy of Sclerotic Bone Lesions.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Micah G; McMahon, Colm J; Kung, Justin W; Wu, Jim S

    2016-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare manual and battery-powered bone biopsy systems for diagnostic yield and procedural factors during core needle biopsy of sclerotic bone lesions. A total of 155 consecutive CT-guided core needle biopsies of sclerotic bone lesions were performed at one institution from January 2006 to November 2014. Before March 2012, lesions were biopsied with manual bone drill systems. After March 2012, most biopsies were performed with a battery-powered system and either noncoaxial or coaxial biopsy needles. Diagnostic yield, crush artifact, CT procedure time, procedure radiation dose, conscious sedation dose, and complications were compared between the manual and battery-powered core needle biopsy systems by Fisher exact test and t test. One-way ANOVA was used for subgroup analysis of the two battery-powered systems for procedure time and radiation dose. The diagnostic yield for all sclerotic lesions was 60.0% (93/155) and was significantly higher with the battery-powered system (73.0% [27/37]) than with the manual systems (55.9% [66/118]) (p = 0.047). There was no significant difference between the two systems in terms of crush artifact, procedure time, radiation dose, conscious sedation administered, or complications. In subgroup analysis, the coaxial battery-powered biopsies had shorter procedure times (p = 0.01) and lower radiation doses (p = 0.002) than the coaxial manual systems, but the noncoaxial battery-powered biopsies had longer average procedure times and higher radiation doses than the coaxial manual systems. In biopsy of sclerotic bone lesions, use of a battery-powered bone drill system improves diagnostic yield over use of a manual system.

  20. The accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology for diagnosis of parotid gland masses: a clinicopathological study of 114 patients

    PubMed Central

    GUDMUNDSSON, Jens Kristjan; AJAN, Aida; ABTAHI, Jahan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective Fine-needle aspiration cytology is a valuable method for preoperative assessment of head and neck tumors. However, its accuracy in detection of salivary gland masses is controversial compared with other methods. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness and accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of parotid gland masses. Material and Methods Over a 10-year period, 126 parotid gland masses were resected. Retrospective chart reviews of 114 patients were performed. The results of FNAC and final histological diagnosis were compared and the accuracy of FNAC was determined. Results Final histological evaluation revealed 11 malignant tumors and 103 benign lesions. Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common neoplasm (63%), followed by Warthin’s tumor (17.5%). The sensitivity of FNAC in detecting malignant tumors was 73% and the specificity was 97%. Positive predictive value (PPV) was 73% and negative predictive value (NPV) was 97%. The overall accuracy of FNAC in detecting parotid masses was 95%. False-negative diagnosis was found in mucoepidermoid carcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma, and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma whereas there was false-positive diagnosis in cases of pleomorphic adenoma and normal parotid gland tissue. Conclusion FNAC is a reliable minimally invasive diagnostic method with a high sensitivity in diagnosis of lesions in parotid glands. The sensitivity of detection of malignant tumors in parotid glands was low due to the biopsy technique used, and depended on tumor location. Postoperative complications decreased after superficial parotidectomy. PMID:28076460

  1. 3D transrectal ultrasound prostate biopsy using a mechanical imaging and needle-guidance system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bax, Jeffrey; Cool, Derek; Gardi, Lori; Montreuil, Jacques; Gil, Elena; Bluvol, Jeremy; Knight, Kerry; Smith, David; Romagnoli, Cesare; Fenster, Aaron

    2008-03-01

    Prostate biopsy procedures are generally limited to 2D transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging for biopsy needle guidance. This limitation results in needle position ambiguity and an insufficient record of biopsy core locations in cases of prostate re-biopsy. We have developed a multi-jointed mechanical device that supports a commercially available TRUS probe with an integrated needle guide for precision prostate biopsy. The device is fixed at the base, allowing the joints to be manually manipulated while fully supporting its weight throughout its full range of motion. Means are provided to track the needle trajectory and display this trajectory on a corresponding TRUS image. This allows the physician to aim the needle-guide at predefined targets within the prostate, providing true 3D navigation. The tracker has been designed for use with several end-fired transducers that can be rotated about the longitudinal axis of the probe to generate 3D images. The tracker reduces the variability associated with conventional hand-held probes, while preserving user familiarity and procedural workflow. In a prostate phantom, biopsy needles were guided to within 2 mm of their targets, and the 3D location of the biopsy core was accurate to within 3 mm. The 3D navigation system is validated in the presence of prostate motion in a preliminary patient study.

  2. Can EGFR mutation status be reliably determined in pre-operative needle biopsies from adenocarcinomas of the lung?

    PubMed

    Lindahl, Kim Hein; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Jonstrup, Søren Peter; Olsen, Karen Ege; Loeschke, Siegfried

    2015-04-01

    The identification of EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer is important for selecting patients, who may benefit from treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The analysis is usually performed on cytological aspirates and/or histological needle biopsies, representing a small fraction of the tumour volume. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of this molecular test. We retrospectively included 201 patients with primary adenocarcinoma of the lung. EGFR mutation status (exon 19 deletions and exon 21 L858R point mutation) was evaluated on both pre-operative biopsies (131 histological and 70 cytological) and on the surgical specimens, using PCR. Samples with low tumour cell fraction were assigned to laser micro-dissection (LMD). We found nine (4.5%) patients with EGFR mutation in the lung tumour resections, but failed to identify mutation in one of the corresponding pre-operative, cytological specimens. Several (18.4%) analyses of the pre-operative biopsies were inconclusive, especially in case of biopsies undergoing LMD and regarding exon 21 analysis. Discrepancy of mutation status in one patient may reflect intra-tumoural heterogeneity or technical issues. Moreover, several inconclusive results in the diagnostic biopsies reveal that attention must be paid on the suitability of pre-operative biopsies for EGFR mutation analysis.

  3. Role of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology as a Diagnostic Tool in Orbital and Adnexal Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Lubna; Malukani, Kamal; Malaiya, Siddharth; Yeshwante, Prashant; Ishrat, Saba; Nandedkar, Shirish S.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration (FNAC) as a diagnostic tool in cases of orbital and ocular adnexal masses. Cytological findings were correlated with histopathological diagnosis wherever possible. Methods: FNAC was performed in 29 patients of different age groups presenting with orbital and ocular adnexal masses. Patients were evaluated clinically and investigated by non-invasive techniques before fine needle aspiration of the masses. Smears were analyzed by a cytologist in all cases. Further, results of cytology were compared with the histopathological diagnosis. Results: The age of patients ranged from 1 to 68 years (mean: 29.79±19.29). There were 14 males and 15 females with a male to female ratio of 0.93:1. Out of 29 cases, 26 aspirates were cellular. Cellularity was insufficient in three (10.34%) aspirates. Out of 26 cellular aspirates, 11 were non-neoplastic while 15 were neoplastic on cytology. Subsequent histopathologic examination was done in 21/26 cases. Concordance rate of FNAC in orbital and ocular adnexal mass lesions with respect to the precise histologic diagnosis was 90%. Conclusion: When properly used in well-indicated patients (in cases where a diagnosis cannot be made by clinical and imaging findings alone), FNAC of orbital and periorbital lesions is an invaluable and suitable adjunct diagnostic technique that necessitates close cooperation between the ophthalmologist and cytologist. However, nondiagnostic aspirates may sometimes be obtained, and an inconclusive FNAC should not always be ignored. PMID:27621787

  4. A comparison of wedge and needle hepatic biopsy in open bariatric surgery.

    PubMed

    Padoin, Alexandre Vontobel; Mottin, Cláudio Corá; Moretto, Myriam; Berleze, Diovanne; Kupski, Carlos; Glock, Luiz; Reichel, Carlos Luiz; da Silva, Vinicius Duval; da Silva, Jefferson Braga

    2006-02-01

    Morbidly obese patients, despite normal laboratory tests and no clinical evidence of liver disease, present a high prevalence of hepatic histological changes. Liver biopsy is able to provide the diagnosis, staging and assessment of follow-up of hepatic disease, thus helping to define clinical management. There is no agreement on which biopsy technique provides better material for analysis. Considering that subcapsular fibrosis is a common finding, sampling from deeper sites is necessary to achieve an adequate histological assessment. A study was done in 264 consecutive morbidly obese patients who underwent open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between July 2001 and Sept 2004, in whom an intraoperative liver biopsy was taken. The first 107 were wedge biopsies, and the last 157 were needle biopsies. The histological degree of steatosis, presence of fibrosis and adequacy of material from the 2 biopsy techniques were compared. Degree of steatosis in both sampling techniques showed no statistical difference (P=0.132). The presence of fibrosis in wedge biopsies (46.1% fibrosis, n 41) was significantly higher than in needle biopsies (13.7% fibrosis, n 20), P<0.001. As expected, sample size of needle biopsies was smaller than that obtained by the wedge technique (P<0.001), but there was no difference in the quality of material obtained (P=0.95). Needle biopsies were as effective as wedge biopsies in assessing the degree of steatosis in morbidly obese patients. More important, the presence of subcapsular fibrosis in needle biopsies was less than in wedge biopsies, suggesting an adequate tissue sample by the less invasive technique.

  5. Determination of the ideal sampling technique to reduce repeated procedures:a comparative study including 393 fine-needle aspirations for thyroid nodules.

    PubMed

    Uzunkaya, Fatih; Özden, Ahmet

    2017-02-27

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is an established method for the evaluation of thyroid nodules, but it has not been standardized worldwide yet. Adequacy of the aspirations is affected by several factors. The aim of this study is to determine the main factors affecting the adequacy and to suggest a procedural technique expected to reduce repeated procedures. A total of 393 aspiration procedures performed using either 22-gauge or 27-gauge needles were included in the study. The samplings were classified as inadequate or adequate according to the cytopathological reports, and results were compared. The rate of adequate samplings was higher in the 27-gauge group and the difference was statistically significant. Neither the size of nodules nor the number of slides used for smearing affected the adequacy. There was not a statistically significant relation between the needle size and the nodule size or the number of slides in terms of adequacy. Needle size is an important factor that affects the adequacy of samplings. The nodule size and the number of slides do not affect the adequacy. However, bloody and thicker smears are difficult for pathologists to evaluate and result in inadequacy.

  6. Accuracy of combined clinical findings and fine needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis in palpable breast tumors.

    PubMed

    Carrillo, J F; Mendivil, M F; Domínguez, J R; de Obaldía, G E; Esparza, R

    1999-01-01

    A prospective study to evaluate the confidence level and predictive value of the fine needle aspiration biopsy was performed in the Oncology Service, "Hospital 20 de Noviembre, ISSSTE", Mexico City. The cases with a palpable breast tumor, histologically confirmed who presented from 1992 to 1994 were included. One aspirate was done in each patient and these were reviewed by the same pathologist. We determined sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the test. Age, border characteristics, size and mobility of the tumor were evaluated by Bayesian analysis. From 213 aspirates, 199 were elegible for diagnosis, 98 (46%) had a diagnosis of carcinoma, 13 were acellular and one suggestive. The acellular diagnoses were considered negative and suggestive positive, for analysis purposes. Mean age and tumor size were: 46.6 years (range 14-90) and 3.7 cm. (range 1-13) respectively. Sensitivity (0.932), specificity (0.973) and positive predictive value (96.9%) were estimated. We observed a high probability of true positive [P(D+/T+)] > 0.8 results in patients between 40 and 60 years of age, irregular borders, size > 2 cm and fixed lesions. The test has a high confidence level and in presence of two or more of the clinical factors mentioned, definitive decisions regarding treatment could be taken, without need of histologic confirmation.

  7. Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Rendezvous Drainage of Biliary Obstruction Using a New Flexible 19-Gauge Fine Needle Aspiration Needle

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Zhouwen; Igbinomwanhia, Efehi; Elhanafi, Sherif

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aim. A successful endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) biliary drainage is dependent on accurate puncture of the bile duct and precise guide wire manipulation across the ampulla of Vater. We aim to study the feasibility of using a flexible 19-gauge fine aspiration needle in the performance of EUS-RV biliary drainage. Method. This is a retrospective case series of EUS-RV biliary drainage procedures at a single center. Patients who failed ERCP during the same session for benign or malignant biliary obstruction underwent EUS-RV using a flexible, nitinol covered, 19-gauge needle for biliary access and guide wire manipulation. Result. 24 patients underwent EUS-RV biliary drainage via extrahepatic access while 1 attempt was via intrahepatic access. The technical success rate was 80%, including 83.3% of cases via extrahepatic access. There was no significant difference in success rate of inpatient and outpatient procedures, benign or malignant indications, or type of guide wire used. Adverse events included mild pancreatitis (3 patients) and cholangitis (1 patient). Conclusion. A flexible 19-gauge needle for biliary access can be safe and effective when used to perform EUS-RV biliary drainage. Direct comparison between the nitinol needle and conventional metal needles in the performance of EUS guided biliary drainage is needed. PMID:27822005

  8. Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia in Core Needle Biopsies of Breast Specimens.

    PubMed

    Kelten Talu, Canan; Boyaci, Ceren; Leblebici, Cem; Hacihasanoglu, Ezgi; Bozkurt, Erol Rustu

    2017-02-01

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is a benign lesion of myofibroblasts that is composed of a network of slit-like channels that resemble vascular spaces. The aims of this study were to document the frequency of PASH in core needle biopsy specimens (CNBS) of the breast, to describe which histopathologic findings coexist with PASH and to examine any endothelial cell differentiation. We reevaluated hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections of all CNBS that were obtained during a 1-year period. First, we performed CD34 and CD31 immunostainings to highlight the areas of PASH, then performed D2-40/podoplanin (lymphatic endothelial marker) and Fli-1 (vascular endothelial cell marker) immunostains. The total number of CNBS was 412. Areas of PASH were noted in 37 of the 412 cases (9%), with a mean age of 38.5 years. The lesions that were described in association with PASH were "benign breast parenchyma with stromal fibrosis" (17/37; 46%), "fibroepithelial tumors" (17/37; 46%), "columnar cell changes (CCC)" (2/37; 5%), and "invasive carcinoma" (1/37; 3%). There were 2 cases of CCC within the foci of PASH (direct contact with PASH), and 8 additional cases of CCC that coexisted in the same specimen but were not in direct contact. There was no staining for D2-40 or Fli-1 within PASH foci. PASH lesions occurred with a frequency of 9% in CNBS and were mostly in association with benign breast lesions in premenopausal women. CCC was determined as an accompanying epithelial lesion within or near PASH areas. No obvious immunopositivity compatible with endothelial cell differentiation was revealed.

  9. Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration of Pancreatic Lesions: A Systematic Review of Technical and Procedural Variables.

    PubMed

    Jani, Bhairvi S; Rzouq, Fadi; Saligram, Shreyas; Lim, Diego; Rastogi, Amit; Bonino, John; Olyaee, Mojtaba

    2016-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition has emerged over the last decade as an invaluable diagnostic tool in approaching the different pancreatic lesions. Given the safety and minimal invasiveness of this approach combined with the high diagnostic yield, it became the standard of care when dealing with different pancreatic pathologies. However, some variables regarding this procedure remain not fully understood. These can influence the diagnostic yield of the procedure and include the presence of the on-site cytopathologist, the type and size of the needle used as well as obtaining aspiration versus core biopsy, the number of passes and the sampling technique, and the role of suction and stylet use among others. We performed a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Embase for studies that assessed these variables. Eligible studies were analyzed using several parameters such as technique and procedure, with the aim of reviewing results from an evidence-based standpoint.

  10. Diagnosis of histoplasmosis on lymph node fine needle aspiration cytology utilizing Giemsa stain: a report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Agnihotri, Mona; Naik, Leena; Fernandes, Gwendolyn; Kothari, Kanchan; Ojha, Sandeep

    2014-10-01

    Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum; it mostly occurs in immunocompromised individuals. Disseminated histoplasmosis may affect almost all systems. The lymph node is frequently involved in the reticuloendothelial dissemination. Histoplasmosis of the lymph node can mimic tuberculosis clinically and cytomorphologically. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an effective method for differentiating the two. The histoplasma yeast forms are small and usually intracellular and are likely to be overlooked in Papanicolaou (Pap)-stained smears. Air-dried Giemsa-stained smears can identify them easily and clearly because of their large size and bright purple-to-blue color as compared with fixed Pap-stained smears. We report 3 cases of lymph node histoplasmosis diagnosed on cytology seen over a period of 2 years. Lymph node FNAC is a rapid, cost-effective, reliable diagnostic toolfor histoplasmosis. It can obviate the need of surgical biopsy and hasten the initiation of treatment.

  11. CT-guided fine-needle aspiration of abdominal and retroperitoneal small lesions with the coaxial technique using MPR images.

    PubMed

    De Filippo, Massimo; Saba, Luca; Azzali, Emanuele; Milanese, Gianluca; Mostardi, Maurizio; Borgia, Daniele; Capasso, Raffaella; Nizzoli, Rita

    2016-07-28

    To demonstrate the advantages of CT-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of abdominal and retroperitoneal small lesions with the coaxial technique using MPR images. The study included retrospectively 50 patients who underwent CT-guided FNA of abdominal and/or retroperitoneal small lesion (<30 mm). Patients with suspected lymphomas or sarcomas were excluded. Cytology reports were the reference standard. The cytology was diagnostic in 48/50 biopsies (96%): out of 41 neoplastic lesions (85%), 37 were malignant (90.2%) and 4 were benign (9.8%); 7 out of 48 were non-neoplastic (14.6%). No procedural complications were observed (0%). By using MPR images there is an effective improvement in coaxial CT-guided FNA of abdominal and retroperitoneal small lesions.

  12. Needle aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for pneumothorax in the newborn.

    PubMed

    Bruschettini, Matteo; Romantsik, Olga; Ramenghi, Luca Antonio; Zappettini, Simona; O'Donnell, Colm P F; Calevo, Maria Grazia

    2016-01-11

    Pneumothorax occurs more frequently in the neonatal period than at any other time of life and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. It may be treated with either needle aspiration or insertion of a chest tube. The former consists of aspiration of air with a syringe through a needle or an angiocatheter, usually through the second or third intercostal space in the midclavicular line. The chest tube is usually placed in the anterior pleural space passing through the sixth intercostal space into the pleural opening, turned anteriorly and directed to the location of the pneumothorax, and then connected to a Heimlich valve or an underwater seal with continuous suction. To compare the efficacy and safety of needle aspiration and intercostal tube drainage in the management of neonatal pneumothorax. We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2015, Issue 11), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 30 November 2015), EMBASE (1980 to 30 November 2015), and CINAHL (1982 to 30 November 2015). We also searched clinical trials databases, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of retrieved articles for randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials. Randomised controlled trials, quasi-randomised controlled trials and cluster trials comparing needle aspiration (either with the needle or angiocatheter left in situ or removed immediately after aspiration) to intercostal tube drainage in newborn infants with pneumothorax. For each of the included trial, two authors independently extracted data (e.g. number of participants, birth weight, gestational age, kind of needle and chest tube, choice of intercostal space, pressure and device for drainage) and assessed the risk of bias (e.g. adequacy of randomisation, blinding, completeness of follow-up). The primary outcomes considered in this review are mortality during the neonatal period and during hospitalisation. One

  13. Performance of the Standard 22G Needle for Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided Tissue Core Biopsy in Pancreatic Cancer.

    PubMed

    Seicean, Andrada; Gheorghiu, Marcel; Zaharia, Teodor; Calinici, Tudor; Samarghitan, Andrada; Marcus, Bogdan; Cainap, Simona; Seicean, Radu

    2016-06-01

    Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) are considered good tools for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and for obtaining material for cytology or histology. The accuracy of EUS-FNA can rise to 85-95%, but it is lower in cases with a chronic pancreatitis background or with previous biliary stenting. We aimed to establish the diagnostic yield of the visible length of the core biopsy samples in pancreatic cancer by using one single type of standard 22G needle and to evaluate the factors which can influence the results. EUS-FNA was performed by using a 22G standard needle on patients prospectively recruited with the suspicion of pancreatic masses on transabdominal ultrasound or CT scan over a period of eight months. The number of passes was limited by the length of the core obtained. The final diagnosis was based on EUS-FNA or hepatic biopsy for their metastasis or by follow up every three month by imaging methods. The study included 118 patients. Previous stents were present in 10 patients and chronic pancreatitis features were found in 3 patients. The procedure sensitivity was 89% and the global accuracy was 89%. The presence of biliary stents did not impede the accuracy of results. The number of passes did not influence the results. The diagnostic rate of core biopsy by using 22G needles had a high accuracy and it is safe when the length of core dictates the number of passes. The presence of biliary stents did not influence the results.

  14. Image guided core needle biopsy of musculoskeletal lesions: are nondiagnostic results clinically useful?

    PubMed

    Didolkar, Manjiri M; Anderson, Megan E; Hochman, Mary G; Rissmiller, Julia G; Goldsmith, Jeffrey D; Gebhardt, Mark G; Wu, Jim S

    2013-11-01

    The clinical utility of nondiagnostic core needle biopsies is not fully understood. Understanding the clinical and radiologic factors associated with nondiagnostic core needle biopsies may help determine the utility of these nondiagnostic biopsies and guide clinical decision making. We asked (1) whether benign or malignant bone and soft tissue lesions have a higher rate of nondiagnostic core needle biopsy results, and which diagnoses have the lowest diagnostic yield; (2) how often nondiagnostic results affected clinical decision-making; and (3) what clinical factors are associated with nondiagnostic but useful core needle biopsies. A retrospective study was performed of 778 consecutive image-guided core needle biopsies of bone and soft tissue lesions referred to the musculoskeletal radiology department at a single institution. The reference standard was (1) the final diagnosis at surgery or (2) clinical followup. Diagnostic yield was calculated for the most common diagnoses. Clinical and imaging features related to each nondiagnostic core needle biopsy were assessed for their association with clinical usefulness. Useful nondiagnostic biopsies were defined as those that help guide treatment. Each lesion was assessed before biopsy by the orthopaedic oncologist as (1) "likely to be benign" or (2) "suspicious for malignancy." The overall diagnostic yield was 74%. Malignant lesions had higher diagnostic yield than benign lesions: 94% (323 of 345) versus 58% (252 of 433), yielding a relative risk (RR) of 1.61 and 95% CI of 1.48 to 1.75. Soft tissue lesions had a higher diagnostic yield than bone lesions: 82% (291 of 355) versus 67% (284 of 423); RR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.22 (1.12-1.33). Ganglion cyst (36%, four of 11), myositis ossificans (40%, two of five), Langerhans cell histiocytosis (0%, 0 of four), and simple bone cyst 0%, 0 of six) had the lowest diagnostic yield. Of the nondiagnostic biopsies assessed for clinical usefulness by the orthopaedic oncologist, 60% (85 of

  15. A prospective randomised study of a rotary powered device (OnControl) for bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.

    PubMed

    Swords, Ronan T; Anguita, Javier; Higgins, Russell A; Yunes, Andrea C; Naski, Michael; Padmanabhan, Swaminathan; Kelly, Kevin R; Mahalingam, Devalingam; Philbeck, Thomas; Miller, Larry; Puga, Tatiana A; Giles, Francis J; Kinney, Marsha C; Brenner, Andrew J

    2011-09-01

    Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy is an invasive procedure associated with morbidity and mortality risk. We compared a powered bone marrow aspiration and biopsy device to the traditional method by relatively assessing pain scores, procedure times, biopsy capture rates, quality of material retrieved, and safety and operator satisfaction. Two large academic medical centres participated in this trial. Patients were randomised to have procedures carried out using the powered system or the manual technique. A visual analogue scale pain score was recorded immediately following skin puncture and once again at the end of the procedure for each patient. Procedure time was measured from skin puncture to core specimen acquisition. Pathologic assessment of 30 randomised samples was carried out. Operator satisfaction with devices was measured on a scale of 0-10, with 10 as the highest rating. Five operators from two sites enrolled 50 patients (powered, n=25; manual, n=25). Groups were evenly matched, with no significant differences in the means for age, weight and height. The powered system was superior to the manual system with respect to patient perceived pain from needle insertion (2.6±2.0 vs 4.1±2.5, p=0.022) and procedural time (100.0±72.8 s vs 224.1±79.0 s, p<0.001). Overall pain scores at the end of both procedures were comparable (3.2±2.2 vs 3.8±3.0, p=0.438). No complications were observed in either arm of the study. Blinded pathologic analysis of the specimens retrieved revealed that cores obtained using the powered system were longer and wider than those obtained using the manual technique (25.4±12.3 mm² vs 11.9±5.6 mm², p=0.001). For marrow aspiration, no difference was seen between groups for clot/particle spicules or smear spicules. Operator assessment favoured the use of the powered device. Results of this trial suggest that the use of a powered bone marrow biopsy device significantly reduces needle insertion pain and procedural time when compared to a

  16. [Transabdominal chorionic villus sampling using biopsy forceps or needle: pregnancy outcomes by technique used].

    PubMed

    Spallina, J; Anselem, O; Haddad, B; Touboul, C; Tsatsaris, V; Le Ray, C

    2014-11-01

    To compare pregnancy outcomes after transabdominal chorionic villus sampling using biopsy forceps or needle. Retrospective bicentric study including all women who had a transabdominal chorionic villus sampling between 2005 and 2009 (172 using biopsy forceps and 160 using needle). The primary endpoint was the rate of fetal loss, after excluding medical abortion due to the result of the biopsy. The secondary endpoint was the rate of premature rupture of the membrane. All cases were reviewed to try to determine the responsibility of the biopsy. The pregnancy outcomes were not different between the two groups: 4 (4.4%) fetal losses in the biopsy forceps group and 6 (7.4%) in the needle group (P=0.52). Only one case (1.2%) of fetal loss can be attributed to the biopsy, using a needle, and none (0%) following a forceps biospy (P=0.29). The rate of premature rupture of the membrane was comparable in the two groups. The pregnancy outcomes following chorionic villus sampling using a biopsy forceps or a needle seem comparable. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Lung malignancy: Diagnostic accuracies of bronchoalveolar lavage, bronchial brushing, and fine needle aspiration cytology

    PubMed Central

    Sareen, Rateesh; Pandey, C L

    2016-01-01

    Background: Early diagnosis of lung cancer plays a pivotal role in reducing lung cancer death rate. Cytological techniques are safer, economical and provide quick results. Bronchoscopic washing, brushing and fine needle aspirations not only complement tissue biopsies in the diagnosis of lung cancer but also comparable. Objectives: (1) To find out diagnostic yields of bronchioalveolar lavage, bronchial brushings, FNAC in diagnosis of lung malignancy. (2) To compare relative accuracy of these three cytological techniques. (3) To correlate the cytologic diagnosis with clinical, bronchoscopic and CT findings. (4) Cytological and histopathological correlation of lung lesions. Methods: All the patients who came with clinical or radiological suspicion of lung malignancy in two and a half year period were included in study. Bronchoalveolar lavage was the most common type of cytological specimen (82.36%), followed by CT guided FNAC (9.45%) and bronchial brushings (8.19%). Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value for all techniques and correlation with histopathology was done using standard formulas. Results: The most sensitive technique was CT FNAC – (87.25%) followed by brushings (77.78%) and BAL (72.69%). CT FNAC had highest diagnostic yield (90.38%), followed by brushings (86.67%) and BAL (83.67%). Specificity and positive predictive value were 100 % each of all techniques. Lowest false negatives were obtained in CT FNAC (12.5%) and highest in BAL (27.3%). Highest negative predictive value was of BAL 76.95 % followed by BB 75.59% and CT FNAC 70.59%. Conclusion: Before administering antitubercular treatment every effort should be made to rule out malignancy. CT FNAC had highest diagnostic yield among three cytological techniques. BAL is an important tool in screening central as well as in accessible lesions. It can be used at places where CT guided FNAC is not available or could not be done due to technical or financial limitations PMID:27890992

  18. Accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology of salivary gland lesions: routine diagnostic experience in Bangkok, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Nguansangiam, Sudarat; Jesdapatarakul, Somnuek; Dhanarak, Nisarat; Sosrisakorn, Krittika

    2012-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is well accepted as a safe, reliable, minimal invasive and cost-effective method for diagnosis of salivary gland lesions. This study evaluated the accuracy and diagnostic performance of FNA cytology in Thailand. A consecutive series of 290 samples from 246 patients during January 2001-December 2009 were evaluated from the archive of the Anatomical Pathology Department of our institution and 133 specimens were verified by histopathologic diagnoses, obtained with material from surgical excision or biopsy. Cytologic diagnoses classified as unsatisfactory, benign, suspicious for malignancy and malignant were compared with the histopathological findings. Among the 133 satisfactory specimens, the anatomic sites were 70 (52.6%) parotid glands and 63 (47.4 %) submandibular glands. FNA cytological diagnoses showed benign lesions in 119 cases (89.5 %), suspicious for malignancy in 3 cases (2.2 %) and malignant in 11 cases (8.3%). From the subsequent histopathologic diagnoses, 3/133 cases of benign cytology turned out to be malignant lesions, the false negative rate being 2.2 % and 1/133 case of malignant cytology turned out to be a benign lesion, giving a false positive rate was 0.8%. The overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 97.0% (95% CI, 70.6%-99.4%), 81.3% (95% CI, 54.4%-96.0%), 99.1% (95% CI, 95.4%-100%), 92.9% (95% CI, 66.1%-99.8), 97.5% (95% CI, 92.8%-99.5%), respectively. This study indicated that FNA cytology of salivary gland is a reliable and highly accurate diagnostic method for diagnosis of salivary gland lesions. It not only provides preoperative diagnosis for therapeutic management but also can prevent unnecessary surgery.

  19. Introduction and utility of liquid-based cytology on aspiration biopsy of peripheral nodular lesions of the lung.

    PubMed

    Imura, Johji; Abe, Kaori; Uchida, Yoshiaki; Shibata, Masaharu; Tsunematsu, Kazue; Sathoh, Motohiro; Miwa, Shigeharu; Nakajima, Takahiko; Nomoto, Kazuhiro; Hayashi, Shinichi; Tsuneyama, Koichi

    2014-03-01

    In the present study, aspiration biopsy cytology (ABC) was used for the diagnosis of peripheral nodular lesions in the lung (PNLL), and liquid-based cytology (LBC) was carried out on the material collected to evaluate it in comparison with the conventional method (CM). The subjects comprised 130 cases that underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided ABC for PNLL. A total of 73 cases received a tumor resection, with a diagnosis based on the pathology, while 57 cases were followed up, as the tumor showed no change on the radiological examinations. Biopsy samples from these patients and lavage fluid from the aspiration needles were used for analysis. Cellular material was obtained by centrifugation of the lavage fluid, and samples were prepared by two methods, direct smearing and LBC according to the ThinPrep method. The samples were categorized into three diagnoses: i) Benign, ii) suspicion of malignancy and iii) malignant. Appropriate samples were collected in 72% of cases by LBC, but only in 36% of cases by the CM. There was no marked difference in cellular images between the two methods, with the exception of a few specific cases. LBC on its own provided sensitivity at 68%, specificity at 61% and accuracy at 65%, while a combination of LBC and biopsy markedly improved these figures to 94, 81 and 84%, respectively. The introduction of LBC is considered useful for the cytopathological diagnosis of PNLL by CT-guided ABC. LBC enables the examination of appropriate samples rich in cellular components and supports a biopsy-based diagnosis. A combination of these two methods provides even higher diagnostic accuracy, and LBC is considered an excellent method to evaluate these pathological samples.

  20. Core needle versus standard needle for endoscopic ultrasound-guided biopsy of solid pancreatic masses: a randomized crossover study.

    PubMed

    Vanbiervliet, Geoffroy; Napoléon, Bertrand; Saint Paul, Marie Christine; Sakarovitch, Charlotte; Wangermez, Marc; Bichard, Philippe; Subtil, Clément; Koch, Stéphane; Grandval, Philippe; Gincul, Rodica; Karsenti, David; Heyries, Laurent; Duchmann, Jean-Christophe; Bourgaux, Jean François; Levy, Michaël; Calament, Gilles; Fumex, Fabien; Pujol, Bertrand; Lefort, Christine; Poincloux, Laurent; Pagenault, Maël; Bonin, Eduardo Aimé; Fabre, Monique; Barthet, Marc

    2014-12-01

    A new core biopsy needle for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided sampling has recently been developed. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to compare this needle with a standard needle in patients with solid pancreatic masses. Consecutive patients with solid pancreatic masses referred to 17 centers for EUS-guided sampling were included. Each patient had two passes with a standard 22G needle and a single pass with a 22G core needle performed in a randomized order. Samples from both needles were separately processed for liquid-based cytology and cell-block preparation and were assessed independently by two blinded expert pathologists. The primary endpoint was the accuracy of the detection of malignancy. The reference standard was based on further cytohistological analysis obtained under ultrasound or computed tomography scanning, endoscopic or surgical guidance, and/or by clinical follow-up with repeated imaging examinations for at least 12 months. The secondary endpoints were the rate of technical failure and the quality of the cytohistological samples obtained. Of the 80 patients included (49 men; mean age 67.1 ± 11.1), 87.5 % had final malignant diagnoses (adenocarcinoma n = 62, 77.5 %). There was no difference between the needles in diagnostic accuracy (standard needle 92.5 % vs. core needle 90 %; P = 0.68) or technical failure. Both pathologists found the overall sample quality significantly better for the standard needle (expert 1, P = 0.009; expert 2, P = 0.002). The diagnostic accuracy of EUS sampling for solid pancreatic masses using standard and core needles seems comparable but with a better overall histological sample quality for the former. ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01479803. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. A randomised study on the efficacy and safety of an automated Tru-Cut needle for percutaneous liver biopsy.

    PubMed

    de Man, R A; van Buuren, H R; Hop, W C J

    2004-12-01

    We studied whether the theoretical advantages of a spring-loaded liver biopsy needle exist in clinical practice and if so if they are dependent upon the experience of the physician performing the biopsy. In a stratified randomised study we enrolled 215 consecutive patients to compare the safety and efficacy of a new automatic biopsy gun (Acecut) with that of a standard Tru-Cut needle. A total of 464 biopsies were performed. The endpoints of the study were number of needle passes needed per patient, tissue yield of each needle pass and post-biopsy complications. The performance of the automatic needle was superior and more consistent with respect to tissue yield compared with the Tru-Cut needle (median yield 100% and 80%, respectively; p < 0.001). The difference was most marked for inexperienced physicians. There was no difference between the two needles in the number of passes needed. More post-biopsy pain and post-biopsy use of analgesics were observed in the automatic needle group (p = 0.04). The automatic Tru-Cut needle offers an advantage, particularly for physicians with no or limited experience in liver biopsies. However more post-biopsy pain and post-biopsy use of analgesics were observed in the automatic needle group.

  2. Image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of soft-tissue masses in the pediatric population.

    PubMed

    Metz, Terrence; Heider, Amer; Vellody, Ranjith; Jarboe, Marcus D; Gemmete, Joseph J; Grove, Jason J; Smith, Ethan A; Mody, Rajen; Newman, Erika A; Dillman, Jonathan R

    2016-07-01

    A paucity of literature describes the use of imaged-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for the diagnosis and characterization of pediatric soft-tissue masses and lesions. To retrospectively determine whether image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy is adequate for diagnosing and characterizing benign and malignant pediatric soft-tissue masses and lesions. We identified children (≤18 years old) who underwent US- or CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of a soft-tissue mass or other lesion between January 2012 and March 2014. Using medical records, we documented the following data: age and gender, site of the mass or lesion, size and number of biopsy specimens, whether the biopsy procedure was diagnostic, whether sufficient tissue was obtained for necessary ancillary testing (e.g., cytogenetic evaluation), and whether there was a procedural complication within 1 week. One hundred eight soft-tissue masses or lesions were biopsied under imaging guidance in 84 children; 39 (46%) were girls. Mean age ± standard deviation (SD) was 12.1 ± 5.1 years (range 6 months to 18 years). Of these procedures, 105/108 (97%) were diagnostic; 82/108 (76%) were US-guided; 87/108 (81%) were performed using a 17-gauge introducer needle/18-gauge biopsy instrument. The mean number ± SD of core needle biopsy specimens obtained was 8.9 ± 5.0. For newly diagnosed malignancies, adequate tissue was obtained for ancillary testing in 28/30 (93%) masses. One minor complication was documented. Image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of pediatric soft-tissue masses is safe, has a high diagnostic rate, and provides sufficient tissue for ancillary testing.

  3. Biopsy needle localization using magnetic induction imaging principles: a feasibility study.

    PubMed

    Yusupov, B; Zlochiver, S

    2012-08-01

    The accurate navigation and location of a biopsy needle is of main clinical interest in cases of image-guided biopsies for patients with suspected cancerous lesions. Magnetic induction (MI) imaging is a relatively new simple and low-cost noninvasive imaging modality that can be used for measuring the changes of electrical conductivity distribution inside a biological tissue. The feasibility of using MI principles for measuring and imaging the location of a biopsy needle in a tissue with suspected lesion was studied in simulations and with an experimental system. A contactless excitation/sensing unit was designed, and raster scan was performed on a thin tissue slab with an inserted standard 22 gauge stainless steel biopsy needle. A 30-mA, 50-kHz excitation field was employed, and the secondary-induced electromotive force (emf(s)) was measured and plotted on a 2-D plane in order to yield an image of the needle location. The simulations demonstrated the significance of utilizing a ferrimagnetic core for the excitation coil in order to increase induced currents magnitude and scanning resolution. The experimental reconstructed images of the emf(s) spatial distribution revealed the needle position and orientation, with an accuracy of 0.1 mm and a signal-to-background ratio of ~30 dB. High correlation (R(2) = 0.89) between the experimental and simulation results was observed. We conclude that MI principles exhibit a potential alternative to existing imaging modalities for needle biopsy procedures.

  4. Cytologic diagnosis of papillary carcinoma of the breast in needle aspirates.

    PubMed

    Naran, S; Simpson, J; Gupta, R K

    1988-03-01

    Eleven cases of rare papillary carcinoma of the breast diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) are reported. Five of these were pure papillary carcinomas and six were mixed papillary and ductal, lobular, or mucinous carcinomas. In each case, cytological material was collected by washing the needle and syringe contents into 30% alcohol in saline, and the Gelman cytosieve method was used for the cytological preparations. In this article, the cytological features of these tumors are described, including the presence of single papillae and papillary clusters, tall columnar cells, diathesis of blood with hemosiderin-laden macrophages, naked nuclei, and high cell recovery.

  5. [Significance of the antimicrobial drug used to prevent febrile infection following prostate needle biopsy].

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Satoshi; Maki, Tomoko; Kobayashi, Takeshi; Hamaguchi, Masumitsu; Yoshikawa, Masahiro; Sakamoto, Naotaka; Iguchi, Atushi

    2014-05-01

    The rate of incidence of febrile infection and the antimicrobial drug used at the time of prostate needle biopsy was examined retrospectively. SPFX (sparfloxacin) 400 mg (January 2007 to March 2010) and LVFX (levofloxacin) 500 mg (April 2010, onward) were administered prophylactically in 1,034 patients undergoing transrectal or transperineal prostate biopsy. One febrile infection occurred and resolved in each group. A single dose of LVFX 500 mg before the procedure effectively prevented febrile infection in both transrectal and transperineal prostate needle biopsy.

  6. Suction-modified needle biopsy technique for the human soleus muscle

    PubMed Central

    Cotter, Joshua A.; Yu, Alvin; Kreitenberg, Arthur; Haddad, Fadia H.; Baker, Michael J.; Fox, John C.; Adams, Gregory R.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The needle biopsy technique for the soleus muscle is of particular interest because of its unique fiber type distribution, contractile properties, and sensitivity to unloading. Unlike other commonly biopsied muscles, the soleus is not fully superficial and is in close proximity to neurovascular structures resulting in a more challenging biopsy. Because of this, a standardized protocol for performing needle biopsies on the human soleus muscle that is safe, reliable, and repeatable is presented. METHODS Ultrasonography was used on an initial set of 12 subjects to determine the optimal biopsy zone thereby guiding the location of the incision site. Forty-five subjects were recruited and attended two separate biopsy sessions. Each biopsy session incorporated 3 passes of the biopsy needle proximal, posterior, and distal using suction from a portable vacuum source producing 3 separate muscle specimens. RESULTS Eighty-four soleus muscle biopsy procedures were successfully conducted yielding 252 total samples without complication. Ultrasonography was used to confirm biopsy needle infiltration of the soleus muscle. Average sample weight obtained per pass was 61.5 ± 15.7 mg. Histochemistry and molecular analyses demonstrated a considerably higher amount of slow type I MHC in comparison to the vastus lateralis providing verification for the successful sampling of the soleus muscle. DISCUSSION The procedure presented consists of a detailed protocol to accurately and consistently obtain muscle biopsy samples from the human soleus muscle. We have demonstrated that the human soleus biopsy is a safe, reliable and repeatable procedure providing ample tissue for multiple types of analyses. PMID:24261060

  7. Telangiectatic variant of hepatic adenoma: clinicopathologic features and correlation between liver needle biopsy and resection.

    PubMed

    Mounajjed, Taofic; Wu, Tsung-Teh

    2011-09-01

    Telangiectatic hepatic adenoma (THA) is a benign neoplasm treated by resection. The role of liver needle biopsy in identifying THA before resection has not been evaluated. We identified 55 patients who have undergone resection for hepatic adenoma (HA), THA, or focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) after needle biopsy. Needle biopsies and resections were evaluated for the following: (1) abortive portal tracts; (2) sinusoidal dilatation; (3) ductular reaction; (4) inflammation; (5) aberrant naked vessels; (6) nodules, fibrous septa, and/or central stellate scar. THA diagnosis was made if the lesion had the first 4 criteria and lacked criterion 6. Most patients (36 of 55), including patients with THA (12 of 16), had multiple lesions (0.2 to 14.4 cm). Patients with THA showed no difference in age, body mass index, prevalence of diabetes or glucose intolerance, or presence of oral contraceptive (OCP) use from patients with HA or FNH, but patients with THA had longer periods of OCP use than patients with HA. Thirty-one percent of THAs had tumor hemorrhage. Of sampled THAs, 27% showed steatosis compared with 76% of sampled HAs (P<0.05). All resected HAs and FNHs were correctly diagnosed on needle biopsy. Of 14 patients with resected THA, 3 histologic patterns were noted on needle biopsy: (1) All THA criteria and naked vessels were present in 6 patients (43%). (2) Consistent with HA: naked vessels only were present in 4 patients (29%). (3) Suggestive of THA: some but not all THA criteria were present in 4 patients (29%). No needle biopsy of a THA was misdiagnosed as FNH. Although evaluation of resection specimens is the gold standard for diagnosis of THA, liver needle biopsy is a useful diagnostic tool that leads to adequate treatment.

  8. Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration versus Percutaneous Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in Diagnosis of Focal Pancreatic Masses.

    PubMed

    Okasha, Hussein Hassan; Naga, Mazen Ibrahim; Esmat, Serag; Naguib, Mohamed; Hassanein, Mohamed; Hassani, Mohamed; El-Kassas, Mohamed; Mahdy, Reem Ezzat; El-Gemeie, Emad; Farag, Ali Hassan; Foda, Ayman Mohamed

    2013-10-01

    Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading cancer morbidity and mortality world-wide. Controversy has arisen about whether the percutaneous approach with computed tomography/ultrasonography-guidance fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) or endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is the preferred method to obtain diagnostic tissue. Our purpose of this study is to compare between the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA and percutaneous US-FNA in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. A total of 197 patients with pancreatic masses were included in the study, 125 patients underwent US-FNA (Group 1) and 72 patients underwent EUS-FNA (Group 2). EUS-FNA has nearly the same accuracy (88.9%) as US-FNA (87.2%) in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for EUS-FNA was 84%, 100%, 100%, 73.3% respectively. It was 85.5%, 90.4%, 94.7%, 76% respectively for US-FNA. EUS-FNA had a lower complication rate (1.38%) than US-FNA (5.6%). EUS-FNA has nearly the same accuracy as US-FNA of pancreatic masses with a lower complication rate.

  9. Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration versus Percutaneous Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in Diagnosis of Focal Pancreatic Masses

    PubMed Central

    Okasha, Hussein Hassan; Naga, Mazen Ibrahim; Esmat, Serag; Naguib, Mohamed; Hassanein, Mohamed; Hassani, Mohamed; El-Kassas, Mohamed; Mahdy, Reem Ezzat; El-Gemeie, Emad; Farag, Ali Hassan; Foda, Ayman Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the leading cancer morbidity and mortality world-wide. Controversy has arisen about whether the percutaneous approach with computed tomography/ultrasonography-guidance fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) or endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is the preferred method to obtain diagnostic tissue. Our purpose of this study is to compare between the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA and percutaneous US-FNA in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Patients and Methods: A total of 197 patients with pancreatic masses were included in the study, 125 patients underwent US-FNA (Group 1) and 72 patients underwent EUS-FNA (Group 2). Results: EUS-FNA has nearly the same accuracy (88.9%) as US-FNA (87.2%) in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for EUS-FNA was 84%, 100%, 100%, 73.3% respectively. It was 85.5%, 90.4%, 94.7%, 76% respectively for US-FNA. EUS-FNA had a lower complication rate (1.38%) than US-FNA (5.6%). Conclusion: EUS-FNA has nearly the same accuracy as US-FNA of pancreatic masses with a lower complication rate. PMID:24949394

  10. Intrapulmonary schwannoma diagnosed with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration: case report.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Keisuke; Shinkai, Masaharu; Shinoda, Masahiro; Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki; Kaneko, Takeshi

    2014-11-01

    A 47-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of a lung tumor. CT of the chest revealed a round, well-defined 2.4-cm nodule in S2, adjacent to right superior lobe bronchus. Endobronchial ultrasonography showed a well-defined, hypoechoic tumor with echogenic capsule and posterior acoustic enhancement. Diagnosis of schwannoma was confirmed from the specimen obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration. She underwent tumorectomy due to the possibility of obstructive pneumonia. Pathology diagnosis from the surgical specimen was also schwannoma. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration and findings with endobronchial ultrasonography might be helpful in the diagnosis of intrapulmonary schwannoma. Copyright © 2013 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  11. CT-guided fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma.

    PubMed

    Rangaswamy, M; Kumar, Sandeep P; Asha, M; Manjunath, Gv

    2010-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor, accounting for <0.1% of the hypertensive population. Extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas (EAPs) are rarer still, accounting for 10% of all pheochromocytomas. Pheochromocytomas are functional catecholamine-secreting tumors of the paraganglionic chromaffin cells found in the adrenal medulla and the extra-adrenal paraganglia cells. EAPs are readily detected by computed tomography (CT) as soft tissue masses closely associated with the entire length of the abdominal aorta. Here, we present a rare case of EAP in a 45-year-old male hypertensive patient diagnosed by CT-guided fine needle aspiration cytology. The smears showed loosely cohesive tumor cells with prominent anisokaryosis and abundant eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm. The diagnosis was later confirmed by histopathology. The present case also highlights the fact that fine needle aspiration of pheochromocytoma is not necessarily contraindicated.

  12. [Fine-needle aspiration in an extremely late post-traumatic iris cyst].

    PubMed

    Pedemonte-Sarrias, E; Pascual Batlle, L; Fusté Fusares, C; Salvador Playà, T

    2015-07-01

    A 45 year-old woman with unknown ophthalmology history complained of pain, redness and visual acuity (VA) loss in her left eye for the last three weeks. A serous iris cyst with an overlying peripheral corneal leukoma was located in the iris stroma using ultrasonic biomicroscopy. It was assumed that it was secondary to a penetrating trauma from her childhood. The cyst healed and VA improved after fine-needle aspiration and partial posterior synechiolysis. Iris inclusion cysts may appear many years after penetrating trauma or surgery. Fine-needle aspiration is a good choice for its diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Chondroid Syringoma: Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology of a Rare Entity at an Unusual Site

    PubMed Central

    Lamba, Sangeeta; Nanda, Annu

    2017-01-01

    Chondroid syringoma, also known as benign mixed tumour of the skin, is a rare benign adnexal tumour. It is a biphasic tumour, composed of both epithelial and mesenchymal components and constitutes <0.01% of all primary skin tumours. It is mostly located in the head and neck region, followed by the hand, foot, axillary region, abdomen, penis, vulva and scrotum. The arm is a rare site of involvement. Making a correct diagnosis of chondroid syringoma is important to guide the clinician in optimal management. We present a case of chondroid syringoma on the left arm in a 37-year-old male. Fine-needle aspiration was performed and diagnosed as chondroid syringoma, which was confirmed on histopathology. This case highlights the importance of considering chondroid syringoma in the evaluation of subcutaneous swellings of the arm and the role of Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in diagnosing this uncommon tumour.

  14. The Ram Relaxation Technique: A Painless Biopsy Method. A Shave Biopsy Approach Without Injectable Anesthesia or Needles.

    PubMed

    Habashy, Jacquiline R; Ghiam, Benjamin; Ram, Ramin

    2017-04-01

    Shave skin biopsies are essential procedures wherein physicians diagnose dermatologic lesions. The protocol for skin biopsies entails a lidocaine/epinephrine injection. This study suggests an alternative, novel method of performing a shave biopsy that avoids pain, needles, and injectable anesthesia, termed the Ram Relaxation Technique (RRT). To present a new technique that physicians may chose to form when faced with dermatological biopsies that are painless and needle free. Randomly selected, patients were presented to the authors' offices with abnormal skin lesions that required a shave biopsy. The patients were offered the choice of having an anesthetic injection (1% lidocaine, 1:100,000 epinephrine) or the alternative method (RRT) before the biopsy. Twenty patients (n = 20, 10 men, 10 women) chose the alternative method (RRT) and were the focus of this study. These patients who chose RRT were asked to scale their pain on a scale of 0 to 10 (0 = no pain, 1-3 = mild, 4-6 = moderate, and 7-10 = severe pain). Fourteen of the 20 patients stated that they experienced no pain (0), 5 experienced mild pain, and 1 patient experienced moderate pain. This study demonstrates an alternative and nearly pain-free method for superficial shave biopsies of the skin for certain patients in the appropriate clinical setting with the appropriate, superficial papule lesions. Dermis lesions, melanocytic lesions, and macular lesions are not ideal candidates given the risk for misdiagnosis, and more pain, respectively.

  15. Office-based core needle biopsy of bone and soft tissue malignancies: an accurate alternative to open biopsy with infrequent complications.

    PubMed

    Adams, Sheila C; Potter, Benjamin K; Pitcher, David J; Temple, H Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Biopsy is a critical step in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal malignancy. As an alternative to open biopsy, percutaneous core needle biopsy techniques have been developed. As many studies combine office-based, image-guided, and operative biopsies, the accuracy of office-based core needle biopsy is not well documented. We asked whether (1) office-based core needle biopsy for the diagnosis of malignant musculoskeletal neoplasms would have few complications and diagnostic and accuracy rates comparable to those cited in the literature for core needle biopsy, (2) diagnostic errors related to office-based core needle biopsy would result in surgical treatment errors, and (3) tissue core quantity and tumor type would affect accuracy. We retrospectively reviewed 234 patients with 252 core needle biopsies of malignant bone and soft tissue neoplasms at one institution between 1999 and 2007. Biopsy accuracy and errors were determined on the basis of histologic evaluation of prior or subsequent biopsies and/or resected specimens, when available. We eliminated 19 patients who had needle biopsies: three had the core needle biopsy completed in the operating room and 16 had insufficient documentation or followup, leaving 233 for study. Of the 233 core needle biopsies, 212 (91%) were diagnostic and accurate for malignancy. Fourteen (6%) biopsies were nondiagnostic. Major errors, defined as a benign diagnosis in a malignant tumor, occurred in seven cases (3%). Minor errors, defined as errors in histopathologic diagnosis or grade, occurred in 24 biopsies (10%). All nondiagnostic and major core needle biopsy errors were identified and addressed with either a diagnostic open biopsy or definitive wide local excision, resulting in no surgical treatment errors. Accuracy was not influenced by core number; however, myxoid lesions showed a correlation with biopsy error. There were no biopsy-related complications. Office-based core needle biopsy for diagnosis of malignant musculoskeletal

  16. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in diagnosis of abdominal and pelvic neoplasm in pediatric patients.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hailing; Li, Fangxuan; Liu, Juntian; Zhang, Sheng

    2014-01-01

    Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of abdominal and pelvic masses in adults has gained tremendous popularity. However, the application of the same treatment in children is not as popular because of apprehensions regarding inadequate tissues for the biopsy and accidental puncture of vital organs. Data of the application of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in 105 pediatric patients with clinically or ultrasound-diagnosed abdominopelvic masses were reviewed. Diagnostic procedures were conducted in our institution from May 2011 to May 2013. The biopsies were conducted on 86 malignant lesions and 19 benign lesions. 86 malignant tumors comprised neuroblastomas (30 cases), hepatoblastomas (15 cases), nephroblastomas (11 cases), and primitive neuroectodermal tumors/malignant small round cells (6 cases). Among malignant tumor cases, only a pelvic primitive neuroectodermal tumor did not receive a pathological diagnosis. Therefore, the biopsy accuracy was 98.8 % in malignant tumor. However, the biopsies for one neuroblastomas and one malignant small round cell tumor were inadequate for cytogenetic analysis. Therefore, 96.5 % of the malignant tumor patients received complete diagnosis via biopsy. 19 benign tumors comprised mature teratoma (10 cases), hemangioendothelioma (3 cases), paraganglioma (2 cases), and infection (2 cases). The diagnostic accuracy for benign neoplasm was 100 %. Five patients experienced postoperative complications, including pain (2 patients), bleeding from the biopsy site (2 patients), and wound infection (1 patient). Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy is an efficient, minimally invasive, accurate, and safe diagnostic method that can be applied in the management of abdominal or pelvic mass of pediatric patients.

  17. Diagnosis of sarcoidosis in the endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration era.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, C; Oliveira, A; Neves, S; Campainha, S; Nogueira, C; Torres, S; Brito, M C; Almeida, J; e Sá, J M

    2014-01-01

    Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology. Its diagnosis is based on compatible clinical and radiological features and supported by histological demonstration of epithelioid cell noncaseating granulomas with exclusion of other causes. Endobronchial ultrasound combined with transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been proposed as a valuable tool in obtaining suitable tissue sample. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of EBUS-TBNA to the diagnosis of stages I and II thoracic sarcoidosis in a community-based hospital. A prospective study was conducted in patients with suspected stages I and II pulmonary sarcoidosis, based on clinical and radiological data, who were being followed in our Interstitial Lung Disorders Outpatient Clinic or sent from other hospitals to our Respiratory Endoscopy Unit for diagnostic procedures. All suitable and fit patients underwent EBUS-TBNA between March 2010 and June 2013. We assessed demographic characteristics, radiological stages, cytological/histological examination and diagnostic techniques performed. In the period considered 39 patients underwent EBUS-TBNA for suspected stages I and II thoracic sarcoidosis and adequate samples were obtained in 38 (97.4%). Within this population, 33 (84.6%) patients had a definite diagnosis of sarcoidosis, of which 31 patients (93.9%) were confirmed to have epithelioid noncaseating granulomas by EBUS-TBNA. Four patients were submitted to surgical procedures (three to mediastinoscopy and one to open surgical lung biopsy). Data analysis allowed to calculate a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of 93.9%, 100%, 100%, 75.0% and 94.8%, respectively. No complications were observed. EBUS-TBNA is a valuable tool in the diagnostic workup of patients with suspected stages I and II thoracic sarcoidosis providing a substantial number of pathological confirmations and with few complications. Its high

  18. Sudden appearance of free fluid during endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration

    PubMed Central

    Rimbaş, Mihai; Deaconu, Marian; Croitoru, Alexandru; Haidar, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    During endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of a pancreatic malignancy, a small quantity of free fluid, not seen before, suddenly appeared in the view, and time was spent ruling out ongoing hemorrhage. However, during follow-up, the patient gradually developed peritoneal signs and was referred for surgery. The images presented elucidate the diagnosis and raise the question of a theoretical change in diagnostic and therapeutic approach. PMID:26879168

  19. Sudden appearance of free fluid during endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration.

    PubMed

    Rimbas, Mihai; Deaconu, Marian; Croitoru, Alexandru; Haidar, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    During endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of a pancreatic malignancy, a small quantity of free fluid, not seen before, suddenly appeared in the view, and time was spent ruling out ongoing hemorrhage. However, during follow-up, the patient gradually developed peritoneal signs and was referred for surgery. The images presented elucidate the diagnosis and raise the question of a theoretical change in diagnostic and therapeutic approach.

  20. Biopsy Needle Artifact Localization in MRI-guided Robotic Transrectal Prostate Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Song, Sang-Eun; Cho, Nathan B.; Iordachita, Iulian; Guion, Peter; Fichtinger, Gabor; Kaushal, Aradhana; Camphausen, Kevin; Whitcomb, Louis L.

    2013-01-01

    Recently a number of robotic intervention systems for magnetic resonance image (MRI) guided needle placement in the prostate have been reported. In MRI-guided needle interventions, after a needle is inserted, the needle position is often confirmed with a volumetric MRI scan. Commonly used titanium needles are not directly visible in an MR image, but they generate a susceptibility artifact in the immediate neighborhood of the needle. This paper reports the results of a quantitative study of the relationship between the true position of titanium biopsy needle and the corresponding needle artifact position in MR images, thereby providing a better understanding of the influence of needle artifact on targeting errors. The titanium needle tip artifact extended 9 mm beyond the actual needle tip location with tendency to bend towards the scanner’s B0 magnetic field direction, and axially displaced 0.38 mm and 0.32 mm (mean) in scanner’s frequency and phase encoding direction, respectively. PMID:22481805

  1. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of solid pancreatic masses: Results in 250 patients.

    PubMed

    Kahriman, Guven; Ozcan, Nevzat; Dogan, Serap; Ozmen, Soner; Deniz, Kemal

    2016-10-01

    To determine the diagnostic accuracy and complications of percutaneous sonographic (US)-guided core needle-needle biopsy in the diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses. Cases of US-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of solid pancreatic masses performed in our department between July 2009 and June 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic data, lesions' size and location, pathology results, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and complications of the biopsies were determined. A total of 250 patients (150 males, 100 females; age range, 16-88 years; mean age, 64.3 ± 12.1 years) were included in the study. The overall diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of all 250 biopsies were 94.8%, 94.3%, 97.2%, 99.5%, and 75%, respectively, and changed to 98.4%, 99%, 94.7%, 99%, and 94.7%, respectively, after the biopsy was repeated in 12 patients. Four (1.6%) major complications, including a pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery, and three cases of acute pancreatitis, and one (0.4%) minor complication (a vaso-vagal syncope), were observed. There was no biopsy-related death. US-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy is a safe and highly effective method with acceptable complication rates in the diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 44:470-473, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Highly sensitive molecular diagnosis of prostate cancer using surplus material washed off from biopsy needles

    PubMed Central

    Bermudo, R; Abia, D; Mozos, A; García-Cruz, E; Alcaraz, A; Ortiz, Á R; Thomson, T M; Fernández, P L

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Currently, final diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is based on histopathological analysis of needle biopsies, but this process often bears uncertainties due to small sample size, tumour focality and pathologist's subjective assessment. Methods: Prostate cancer diagnostic signatures were generated by applying linear discriminant analysis to microarray and real-time RT–PCR (qRT–PCR) data from normal and tumoural prostate tissue samples. Additionally, after removal of biopsy tissues, material washed off from transrectal biopsy needles was used for molecular profiling and discriminant analysis. Results: Linear discriminant analysis applied to microarray data for a set of 318 genes differentially expressed between non-tumoural and tumoural prostate samples produced 26 gene signatures, which classified the 84 samples used with 100% accuracy. To identify signatures potentially useful for the diagnosis of prostate biopsies, surplus material washed off from routine biopsy needles from 53 patients was used to generate qRT–PCR data for a subset of 11 genes. This analysis identified a six-gene signature that correctly assigned the biopsies as benign or tumoural in 92.6% of the cases, with 88.8% sensitivity and 96.1% specificity. Conclusion: Surplus material from prostate needle biopsies can be used for minimal-size gene signature analysis for sensitive and accurate discrimination between non-tumoural and tumoural prostates, without interference with current diagnostic procedures. This approach could be a useful adjunct to current procedures in PCa diagnosis. PMID:22009027

  3. Highly sensitive molecular diagnosis of prostate cancer using surplus material washed off from biopsy needles.

    PubMed

    Bermudo, R; Abia, D; Mozos, A; García-Cruz, E; Alcaraz, A; Ortiz, A R; Thomson, T M; Fernández, P L

    2011-11-08

    Currently, final diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is based on histopathological analysis of needle biopsies, but this process often bears uncertainties due to small sample size, tumour focality and pathologist's subjective assessment. Prostate cancer diagnostic signatures were generated by applying linear discriminant analysis to microarray and real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) data from normal and tumoural prostate tissue samples. Additionally, after removal of biopsy tissues, material washed off from transrectal biopsy needles was used for molecular profiling and discriminant analysis. Linear discriminant analysis applied to microarray data for a set of 318 genes differentially expressed between non-tumoural and tumoural prostate samples produced 26 gene signatures, which classified the 84 samples used with 100% accuracy. To identify signatures potentially useful for the diagnosis of prostate biopsies, surplus material washed off from routine biopsy needles from 53 patients was used to generate qRT-PCR data for a subset of 11 genes. This analysis identified a six-gene signature that correctly assigned the biopsies as benign or tumoural in 92.6% of the cases, with 88.8% sensitivity and 96.1% specificity. Surplus material from prostate needle biopsies can be used for minimal-size gene signature analysis for sensitive and accurate discrimination between non-tumoural and tumoural prostates, without interference with current diagnostic procedures. This approach could be a useful adjunct to current procedures in PCa diagnosis. 2011 Cancer Research UK

  4. Effects of music therapy on pain and anxiety in patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy and aspiration.

    PubMed

    Shabanloei, Reza; Golchin, Mehri; Esfahani, Ali; Dolatkhah, Roya; Rasoulian, Marzieh

    2010-06-01

    Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration are commonly used for diagnosing, treating, and following up after treatment for blood disorders and solid tumors. For adults, the infiltration of local anesthesia at the biopsy site has been used as the principal form of analgesia for bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Pain relief during these procedures is often incomplete, especially during aspiration of the bone marrow, and pain is likely to contribute to patient anxiety. Researchers at the Tabriz Hematology and Oncology Center in Iran conducted a study to quantify and evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy interventions on pain and anxiety control for 100 patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Participants in the study were randomly assigned to one of two groups: one group listened to music during the procedure, and the other did not. Patients completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory both before and after the procedure and reported pain severity by using a visual analog scale. Results showed that participants who listened to music had lower state anxiety and pain levels than those who did not listen to music.

  5. To evaluate the role of bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy in pancytopenia.

    PubMed

    Desalphine, Melina; Bagga, Permeet Kaur; Gupta, Parmod Kumar; Kataria, Amarjit Singh

    2014-11-01

    Pancytopenia is not a disease entity but a triad of findings that may result from various disease processes, primarily or secondarily involving the bone marrow. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy evaluation along with good clinical correlation is of utmost importance to evaluate the causes of pancytopenia and planning further investigations. The present study was a prospective clinicohaematological study undertaken to analyse the various causes of pancytopenia by evaluating bone marrow aspiration and biopsy and correlating with clinical findings, complete blood counts and peripheral blood picture. Fifty patients of pancytopenia were included in the study in which relevant history and physical examination findings were recorded. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy were performed simultaneously in all cases. Perl's stain was done in all cases and special stains like MPO, PAS and reticulin were also done wherever necessary. The maximum cases of pancytopenia were in the age group of 10 to 30 y with male preponderance. Aplastic anaemia was found to be the most common aetiology of pancytopenia followed by normoblastic erythroid hyperplasia, megaloblastic anaemia, acute leukemias, myelofibrosis, lymphoid neoplasia and iron deficiency anaemia. It was concluded from the study that although the advantages of bone marrow aspiration and biopsy differ, both are complimentary to each other and should be performed simultaneously for a complete bone marrow work up and evaluation. It is only through the correlation of clinical, hematological and bone marrow examination findings that proper evaluation and management of patients of pancytopenia can be made.

  6. To Evaluate the Role of Bone Marrow Aspiration and Bone Marrow Biopsy in Pancytopenia

    PubMed Central

    Desalphine, Melina; Gupta, Parmod Kumar; Kataria, Amarjit Singh

    2014-01-01

    Background: Pancytopenia is not a disease entity but a triad of findings that may result from various disease processes, primarily or secondarily involving the bone marrow. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy evaluation along with good clinical correlation is of utmost importance to evaluate the causes of pancytopenia and planning further investigations. Aims: The present study was a prospective clinicohaematological study undertaken to analyse the various causes of pancytopenia by evaluating bone marrow aspiration and biopsy and correlating with clinical findings, complete blood counts and peripheral blood picture. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients of pancytopenia were included in the study in which relevant history and physical examination findings were recorded. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy were performed simultaneously in all cases. Perl’s stain was done in all cases and special stains like MPO, PAS and reticulin were also done wherever necessary. Results and Conclusion: The maximum cases of pancytopenia were in the age group of 10 to 30 y with male preponderance. Aplastic anaemia was found to be the most common aetiology of pancytopenia followed by normoblastic erythroid hyperplasia, megaloblastic anaemia, acute leukemias, myelofibrosis, lymphoid neoplasia and iron deficiency anaemia. It was concluded from the study that although the advantages of bone marrow aspiration and biopsy differ, both are complimentary to each other and should be performed simultaneously for a complete bone marrow work up and evaluation. It is only through the correlation of clinical, hematological and bone marrow examination findings that proper evaluation and management of patients of pancytopenia can be made. PMID:25584228

  7. [Quality assurance of fine-needle aspiration cytology of the organized mammography screening].

    PubMed

    Bak, Mihály; Konyár, Eva; Schneider, Ferenc; Bidlek, Mária; Szabó, Eva; Nyári, Tibor; Godény, Mária; Kásler, Miklós

    2010-08-08

    The National Public Health Program has established the organized mammography screening in Hungary. The aim of our study was to determine the quality assurance of breast aspiration cytology. Cytology results were rated to 5 categories (C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5). All cytology reports were compared with the final histology diagnosis. 1361 women had aspiration cytology diagnosis performed from a total of 47718 mammography non-negative lesions. There were 805 (59.1%) benign and 187 (13.7%) malignant alterations. Sensitivity was 91%, specificity 88%, positive predictive value 96.6% and negative predictive value turned to be 71% (p<0.001). The auditing values of fine needle aspiration cytology in our laboratory meet, or in certain aspects exceed the proposed minimum threshold values.

  8. Effectiveness of Toyota process redesign in reducing thyroid gland fine-needle aspiration error.

    PubMed

    Raab, Stephen S; Grzybicki, Dana Marie; Sudilovsky, Daniel; Balassanian, Ronald; Janosky, Janine E; Vrbin, Colleen M

    2006-10-01

    Our objective was to determine whether the Toyota Production System process redesign resulted in diagnostic error reduction for patients who underwent cytologic evaluation of thyroid nodules. In this longitudinal, nonconcurrent cohort study, we compared the diagnostic error frequency of a thyroid aspiration service before and after implementation of error reduction initiatives consisting of adoption of a standardized diagnostic terminology scheme and an immediate interpretation service. A total of 2,424 patients underwent aspiration. Following terminology standardization, the false-negative rate decreased from 41.8% to 19.1% (P = .006), the specimen nondiagnostic rate increased from 5.8% to 19.8% (P < .001), and the sensitivity increased from 70.2% to 90.6% (P < .001). Cases with an immediate interpretation had a lower noninterpretable specimen rate than those without immediate interpretation (P < .001). Toyota process change led to significantly fewer diagnostic errors for patients who underwent thyroid fine-needle aspiration.

  9. Study of the effect of cannula rotation on tissue cutting for needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Han, Peidong; Ehmann, Kornel

    2013-11-01

    Needle biopsy is a medical procedure to extract tissue for diagnosis of cancer and other diseases. The quality of tissue samples acquired by needle biopsy greatly depends on the cutting forces of the cannula. The reduction of cutting forces is crucial for obtaining good tissue samples. There exist many factors that influence the cutting forces, some of which include the cannula tip geometry, translation speed, and rotation speed. In the present paper, the effects of rotating the cannula on tissue cutting for needle biopsy are studied. A fracture-mechanics-based approach is used to analyze the cutting forces. Analysis has shown that the cutting forces decrease with the increases in the slice/push ratio defined as the ratio of speed component parallel to the cutting edge/speed perpendicular to the cutting edge. Experiments are performed to demonstrate this phenomenon. Mathematical models of the slice/push ratio for bevel tip cannulas are formulated. The results are used to determine the optimal cannula rotation/translation speed and the desired tip geometry for needle biopsy. It is shown that a minimal slice/push ratio of 2 is recommended. A cannula with a large bevel angle is more suitable for rotational needle biopsy.