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Sample records for nickelii copperii zincii

  1. Copper(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) complexes of the N-terminal nonapeptide fragment of amyloid-β and its derivatives.

    PubMed

    Grenács, Ágnes; Sóvágó, Imre

    2014-10-01

    Copper(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) complexes of the nonapeptide fragment of amyloid-β Aβ(1-9) (NH2-DAEFRHDSG-NH2) and its two derivatives: NH2-DAAAAHAAA-NH2 and NH2-DAAAAAHAA-NH2 have been studied by potentiometric, UV-visible and CD spectroscopic methods. The results reveal the primary role of the amino terminus of peptides in copper(II) and nickel(II) binding. The formation of dinuclear complexes was also possible in the copper(II) containing systems but only the first six amino acids from the amino terminus were involved in metal binding in the physiologically relevant pH range. The coordination chemistry of the two alanine mutated peptides is almost the same as that of the native nonapeptide, but the thermodynamic stability of the copper(II) complexes of the mutants is significantly reduced. This difference probably comes from the secondary interactions of the polar side chains of Asp, Glu, Ser and Arg residues present in the native peptide. Moreover, this difference reveals that the amino acid sequence of the N-terminal domains of amyloid peptides is especially well suited for the complexation with copper(II) ions.

  2. Neutral (bis-beta-diketonato) iron(III), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) metallocycles: structural, electrochemical and solvent extraction studies.

    PubMed

    Clegg, Jack K; Bray, David J; Gloe, Kerstin; Gloe, Karsten; Hayter, Michael J; Jolliffe, Katrina A; Lawrance, Geoffrey A; Meehan, George V; McMurtrie, John C; Lindoy, Leonard F; Wenzel, Marco

    2007-05-07

    Neutral dimeric metallocyclic complexes of type [M(2)(L(1))(2)B(n)] (where M = cobalt(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II), L(1) is the doubly deprotonated form of a 1,3-aryl linked bis-beta-diketone ligand of type 1,3-bis(RC(O)CH(2)C(O))C(6)H(4) (R=Me, n-Pr, t-Bu) and B is pyridine (Py) or 4-ethylpyridine (EtPy)) have been synthesised, adding to similar complexes already reported for copper(II). New lipophilic ligand derivatives with R = octyl or nonyl were also prepared for use in solvent extraction experiments. Structural, electrochemical and solvent extraction investigations of selected metal complex systems from the above series are reported, with the X-ray structures of [Co(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)] x 2.25CHCl(3) x 0.5H(2)O (R=Pr), [Co(2)(L(1))(2)(EtPy)(4)] (R=t-Bu), [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(EtPy)(4)] (R=t-Bu), [Zn(2)(L(1))(2)(EtPy)(2)] (R=Me) and [Zn(2)(L(1))(2)(EtPy)(4)] (R=t-Bu) being presented. The electrochemistry of H(2)L(1) (R=t-Bu) and of [Fe(2)(L(1))(3)], [Co(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)], [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)], [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)] and [Zn(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(2)] has been examined. Oxidative processes for the complexes are dominantly irreversible, but several examples of quasireversible behaviour were observed and support the assignment of an anodic process, seen between +1.0 and +1.6 V, as a metal-centred oxidation. The reduction processes for the respective metal complexes are not simple, and irreversible in most cases. Solvent extraction studies (water/chloroform) involving variable concentrations of metal, bis-beta-diketone and heterocyclic base have been performed for cobalt(II) and zinc(II) using a radiotracer technique to probe the stoichiometries of the extracted species in each case. Synergism was observed when 4-ethylpyridine was added to the bis-beta-diketone ligand in the chloroform phase. Competitive extraction studies show a clear uptake preference for copper(II) over cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II).

  3. Synthesis, characterization, spectroscopic and theoretical studies of new zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes based on imine ligand containing 2-aminothiophenol moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Mousavi, S. Sedighe; Afshari, Sadegh

    2016-11-01

    New dimer complexes of zinc(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) were synthesized using the Schiff base ligand which was formed by the condensation of 2-aminothiophenol and 2-hydroxy-5-methyl benzaldehyde. This tridentate Schiff base ligand was coordinated to the metal ions through the NSO donor atoms. In order to prevent the oxidation of the thiole group during the formation of Schiff base and its complexes, all of the reactions were carried out under an inert atmosphere of argon. The X-ray structure of the Schiff base ligand showed that in the crystalline form the SH groups were oxidized to produce a disulfide Schiff base as a new double Schiff base ligand. The molar conductivity values of the complexes in dichloromethane implied the presence of non-electrolyte species. The fluorescence properties of the Schiff base ligand and its complexes were also studied in dichloromethane. The products were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and conductometry. The crystal structure of the double Schiff base was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Furthermore, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory for the determination of the optimized structures of Schiff base complexes.

  4. Quinolones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs interacting with copper(II), nickel(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II): structural features, biological evaluation and perspectives.

    PubMed

    Psomas, George; Kessissoglou, Dimitris P

    2013-05-14

    The structural features of copper(II), nickel(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes with the antimicrobial drugs quinolones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as ligands are discussed. The binding properties of these complexes to biomolecules (calf-thymus DNA, bovine or human serum albumin) are presented and evaluated. The biological activity (antimicrobial, antioxidant and antiproliferative) of selected complexes is investigated. Further perspectives concerning the synthesis and the biological activity of novel complexes with quinolones or NSAIDs attractive to synthetic chemists, biochemists and/or biologists are presented.

  5. Synthesis and characterization of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with Schiff base derived from 4-amino-3-mercapto-6-methyl-5-oxo-1,2,4-triazine.

    PubMed

    Singh, Kiran; Barwa, Manjeet Singh; Tyagi, Parikshit

    2007-03-01

    A few (1:1) and (1:2) metal complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) have been isolated with ligand derived from the condensation of 4-amino-3-mercapto-6-methyl-5-oxo-1,2,4-triazine with 2-acetylpyridine (L(1)) and characterized by elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, infrared, electronic, (1)H NMR spectral data, magnetic and thermogravimetric analyses. Due to insolubility in water and most of the common organic solvents and infusibility at higher temperatures, all the complexes are thought to be polymeric in nature. A square-planar geometry was suggested for copper(II) and octahedral proposed for cobalt(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II). Some of the chemically synthesized compounds have been screened in vitro against the three Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis) and two Gram-negative (Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli) organisms. It is observed that the coordination of metal ion has pronounced effect on the microbial activities of the ligand. The metal complexes have higher antimicrobial effect than the free ligands.

  6. Nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) metallo-intercalators: structural details of the DNA-binding by a combined experimental and computational investigation.

    PubMed

    Lauria, Antonino; Bonsignore, Riccardo; Terenzi, Alessio; Spinello, Angelo; Giannici, Francesco; Longo, Alessandro; Almerico, Anna Maria; Barone, Giampaolo

    2014-04-28

    We present a thorough characterization of the interaction of novel nickel(II) (1), copper(II) (2) and zinc(II) (3) Schiff base complexes with native calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA), in buffered aqueous solution at pH 7.5. UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism (CD) and viscometry titrations provided clear evidence of the intercalative mechanism of the three square-planar metal complexes, allowing us to determine the intrinsic DNA-binding constants (K(b)), equal to 1.3 × 10(7), 2.9 × 10(6), and 6.2 × 10(5) M(-1) for 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Preferential affinity, of one order of magnitude, toward AT compared to GC base pair sequences was detected by UV-vis absorption titrations of 1 with [poly(dG-dC)]2 and [poly(dA-dT)]2. Structural details of the intercalation site of the three metal complexes within [dodeca(dA-dT)]2 were obtained by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations followed by density functional theory/molecular mechanics (DFT/MM) calculations. The calculations revealed that three major intermolecular interactions contribute to the strong affinity between DNA and the three metal complexes: (1) the electrostatic attraction between the two positively charged triethylammoniummethyl groups of the metal complexes and the negatively charged phosphate groups of the DNA backbone; (2) the intercalation of the naphthalene moiety within the four nitrogen bases of the intercalation site; (3) the metal coordination by exocyclic donor atoms of the bases, specifically the carbonyl oxygen and amine nitrogen atoms. Remarkably, the Gibbs formation free energy calculated for the intercalation complexes of 1, 2 and 3 with [dodeca(dA-dT)]2 in the implicit water solution is in agreement with the experimental Gibbs free energy values obtained from the DNA-binding constants as ΔG° = -RT ln(K(b)). In particular, the DNA-binding affinity trend, 1 > 2 > 3, is reproduced. Finally, the first shell coordination distances calculated for the intercalation complex 3/[dodeca(dA-dT)]2 are in

  7. 2,6-Bis(2,6-diethylphenyliminomethyl)pyridine coordination compounds with cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II): synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, X-ray study and in vitro cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Martinez-Bulit, Pablo; Garza-Ortíz, Ariadna; Mijangos, Edgar; Barrón-Sosa, Lidia; Sánchez-Bartéz, Francisco; Gracia-Mora, Isabel; Flores-Parra, Angelina; Contreras, Rosalinda; Reedijk, Jan; Barba-Behrens, Norah

    2015-01-01

    Coordination compounds with cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) and the ligand 2,6-bis(2,6-diethylphenyliminomethyl)pyridine (L) were synthesized and fully characterized by IR and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility and X-ray diffraction for two representative cases. These novel compounds were designed to study their activity as anti-proliferative drugs against different human cancer cell lines. The tridentate ligand forms heptacoordinated compounds from nitrate metallic salts, where the nitrate acts in a chelating form to complete the seven coordination positions. In vitro cell growth inhibition was measured for Co(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes, as well as for the free ligand. Upon coordination, the IC50 value of the transition-metal compounds is improved compared to the free ligand. The copper(II) and zinc(II) compounds are the most promising candidates for further in vitro and in vivo studies. The activity against colon and prostate cell lines merits further research, in views of the limited therapeutic options for such cancer types.

  8. The Porphyromonas gingivalis HmuY haemophore binds gallium(iii), zinc(ii), cobalt(iii), manganese(iii), nickel(ii), and copper(ii) protoporphyrin IX but in a manner different to iron(iii) protoporphyrin IX.

    PubMed

    Wójtowicz, Halina; Bielecki, Marcin; Wojaczyński, Jacek; Olczak, Mariusz; Smalley, John W; Olczak, Teresa

    2013-04-01

    Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major etiological agent of chronic periodontitis, acquires haem from host haemoproteins through a haem transporter HmuR and a haemophore HmuY. The aim of this study was to analyse the binding specificity of HmuY towards non-iron metalloporphyrins which may be employed as antimicrobials to treat periodontitis. HmuY binds gallium(iii), zinc(ii), cobalt(iii), manganese(iii), nickel(ii), and copper(ii) protoporphyrin IX but in a manner different to iron(iii) protoporphyrin IX which uses His(134) and His(166) as axial ligands. The metal ions in Ga(iii)PPIX and Zn(ii)PPIX can accept only His(166) as an axial ligand, whereas nickel(ii) and copper(ii) interact exclusively with His(134). Two forms of pentacoordinate manganese(iii) are present in the Mn(iii)PPIX-HmuY complex since the metal accepts either His(134) or His(166) as a single axial ligand. The cobalt ion is hexacoordinate in the Co(iii)PPIX-HmuY complex and binds His(134) and His(166) as axial ligands; however, some differences in their environments exist. Despite different coordination modes of the central metal ion, gallium(iii), zinc(ii), cobalt(iii), and manganese(iii) protoporphyrin IX bound to the HmuY haemophore cannot be displaced by excess haem. All of the metalloporphyrins examined bind to a P. gingivalis wild-type strain with higher ability compared to a mutant strain lacking a functional hmuY gene, thus corroborating binding of non-iron metalloporphyrins to purified HmuY protein. Our results further clarify the basis of metalloporphyrin acquisition by P. gingivalis and add to understanding of the interactions with porphyrin derivatives which exhibit antimicrobial activity against P. gingivalis.

  9. Dinuclear cadmium(II), zinc(II), and manganese(II), trinuclear nickel(II), and pentanuclear copper(II) complexes with novel macrocyclic and acyclic Schiff-base ligands having enantiopure or racemic camphoric diamine components.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Jue-Chao; Chu, Zhao-Lian; Huang, Wei; Wang, Gang; You, Xiao-Zeng

    2010-07-05

    Four novel [3 + 3] Schiff-base macrocyclic ligands I-IV condensed from 2,6-diformyl-4-substituted phenols (R = CH(3) or Cl) and enantiopure or racemic camphoric diamines have been synthesized and characterized. Metal-ion complexations of these enantiopure and racemic [3 + 3] macrocyclic ligands with different cadmium(II), zinc(II), manganese(II), nickel(II), and copper(II) salts lead to the cleavage of Schiff-base C horizontal lineN double bonds and subsequent ring contraction of the macrocyclic ligands due to the size effects and the spatial restrictions of the coordination geometry of the central metals, the steric hindrance of ligands, and the counterions used. As a result, five [2 + 2] and one [1 + 2] dinuclear cadmium(II) complexes (1-6), two [2 + 2] dinuclear zinc(II) (7 and 8), and two [2 + 2] dinuclear manganese(II) (9 and 10) complexes together with one [1 + 1] trinuclear nickel(II) complex (11) and one [1 + 2] pentanuclear copper(II) complex (12), bearing enantiopure or racemic ligands, different substituent groups in the phenyl rings, and different anionic ligands (Cl(-), Br(-), OAc(-), and SCN(-)), have been obtained in which the chiral carbon atoms in the camphoric backbones are arranged in different ways (RRSS for the enantiopure ligands in 1, 2, 4, 5, and 7-10 and RSRS for the racemic ligands in 3, 6, 11, and 12). The steric hindrance effects of the methyl group bonded to one of the chiral carbon atoms of camphoric diamine units are believed to play important roles in the formation of the acyclic [1 + 1] trinuclear complex 11 and [1 + 2] dinuclear and pentanuclear complexes 6 and 12. In dinuclear cadmium(II), zinc(II), and manganese(II) complexes 1-10, the sequence of separations between the metal centers is consistent with that of the ionic radii shortened from cadmium(II) to manganese(II) to zinc(II) ions. Furthermore, UV-vis, circular dichroism, (1)H NMR, and fluorescence spectra have been used to characterize and compare the structural

  10. Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and hafnium(IV) complexes of N'-(furan-3-ylmethylene)-2-(4-methoxyphenylamino)acetohydrazide.

    PubMed

    Emam, Sanaa M; El-Saied, Fathy A; Abou El-Enein, Saeyda A; El-Shater, Heba A

    2009-03-01

    Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and hafnium(IV) complexes of furan-2-carbaldehyde 4-methoxy-N-anilinoacetohydrazone were synthesized and characterized by elemental and thermal (TG and DTA) analyses, IR, UV-vis and (1)H NMR spectra as well as magnetic moment and molar conductivity. Mononuclear complexes are obtained with 1:1 molar ratio except complexes 3 and 9 which are obtained with 1:2 molar ratios. The IR spectra of ligand and metal complexes reveal various modes of chelation. The ligand behaves as a neutral bidentate one and coordination occurs via the carbonyl oxygen atom and azomethine nitrogen atom. The ligand behaves also as a monobasic tridentate one and coordination occurs through the enolic oxygen atom, azomethine nitrogen atom and the oxygen atom of furan ring. Moreover, the ligand behaves as a neutral tridentate and coordination occurs via the carbonyl oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and furan oxygen atoms as well as a monobasic bidentate and coordination occurs via the enolic oxygen atom and azomethine nitrogen atom. The electronic spectra and magnetic moment measurements reveal that all complexes possess octahedral geometry except the copper complex 10 possesses a square planar geometry. The thermal studies showed the type of water molecules involved in metal complexes as well as the thermal decomposition of some metal complexes.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of iron(III), manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of salicylidene-N-anilinoacetohydrazone (H2L1) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylidene-N-anilinoacetohydrazone (H2L2).

    PubMed

    AbouEl-Enein, S A; El-Saied, F A; Kasher, T I; El-Wardany, A H

    2007-07-01

    Salicylidene-N-anilinoacetohydrazone (H(2)L(1)) and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthylidene-N-anilinoacetohydrazone (H(2)L(2)) and their iron(III), manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by IR, electronic spectra, molar conductivities, magnetic susceptibilities and ESR. Mononuclear complexes are formed with molar ratios of 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 (M:L). The IR studies reveal various modes of chelation. The electronic absorption spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements show that the iron(III), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) complexes of H(2)L(1) have octahedral geometry. While the cobalt(II) complexes of H(2)L(2) were separated as tetrahedral structure. The copper(II) complexes have square planar stereochemistry. The ESR parameters of the copper(II) complexes at room temperature were calculated. The g values for copper(II) complexes proved that the Cu-O and Cu-N bonds are of high covalency.

  12. Anti-oxidant, in vitro, in vivo anti-inflammatory activity and antiproliferative activity of mefenamic acid and its metal complexes with manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II).

    PubMed

    Kovala-Demertzi, Dimitra; Hadjipavlou-Litina, Dimitra; Staninska, Malgorzata; Primikiri, Alexandra; Kotoglou, Chronis; Demertzis, Mavroudis A

    2009-06-01

    Some new complexes of mefenamic acid with potentially interesting biological activity are described. The complexes of mefenamic acid [Mn(mef)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], 1, [Co(mef)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], 2, [Ni(mef)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], 3, [Cu(mef)(2)(H(2)O)](2), 4 and [Zn(mef)(2)], 5, were prepared by the reaction of mefenamic acid, a potent anti-inflammatory drug with metal salts. Optical and infrared spectral data of these new complexes are reported. Monomeric six-coordinated species were isolated in the solid state for Mn(II), Ni(II) and Co(II), dimeric five-coordinated for Cu(II) and monomeric four-coordinated for Zn(II). In DMF or CHCl(3) solution the coordination number is retained and the coordinated molecules of water are replaced by solvent molecules. The anti-oxidant properties of the complexes were evaluated using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH, free radical scavenging assay. The scavenging activities of the complexes were measured and compared with those of the free drug and vitamin C. We have explored their ability to inhibit soybean lipoxygenase, beta-glucuronidase and trypsin- induced proteolysis. The complex [Mn(mef)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] exhibits the highest antioxidant activity and the highest inhibitory effect against the soybean lipogygenase (LOX), properties that are not demonstrated by mefenamic acid. Their inhibitory effects on rat paw edema induced by Carrageenan was studied and compared with those of mefenamic acid. The complex [Zn(mef)(2)] exhibited a strong inhibitory effect at 0.1 mmol/Kg B.W. (81.5 +/- 1.3% inhibition), superior to the inhibition induced by mefenamic acid at the same dose (61.5 +/- 2.3% inhibition). Mefenamic acid and its metal complexes have been evaluated for antiproliferative activity in vitro against the cells of three human cancer cell lines: MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line), T24 (bladder cancer cell line), A-549 (non-small cell lung carcinoma) and a mouse fibroblast L-929 cell line. The copper(II) complex displays against T24, MCF-7

  13. Copper(II) and nickel(II) binding sites of peptide containing adjacent histidyl residues.

    PubMed

    Grenács, Ágnes; Sanna, Daniele; Sóvágó, Imre

    2015-10-01

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of the terminally protected nonapeptide Ac-SGAEGHHQK-NH2 modeling the metal binding sites of the (8-16) domain of amyloid-β have been studied by potentiometric, UV-vis, CD and ESR spectroscopic methods. The studies on the mutants containing only one of the histidyl residues (Ac-SGAEGAHQK-NH2, Ac-SGAEGHAQK-NH2) have also been performed. The formation of imidazole and amide coordinated mononuclear complexes is characteristic of all systems with a preference of nickel(II) binding to the His14 site, while the involvement of both histidines in metal binding is suggested in the corresponding copper(II) complexes. The formation of bis(ligand) and dinuclear complexes has also been observed in the copper(II)-Ac-SGAEGHHQK-NH2 system. The results provide further support for the copper(II) binding ability of the (8-16) domain of amyloid-β and support the previous assumptions that via the bis(ligand) complex formation copper(II) ions may promote the formation of the oligomers of amyloid-β.

  14. Synthesis and crystal structure of thiosemicarbazide complexes of nickel(II) and copper(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadikov, G. G.; Antsyshkina, A. S.; Koksharova, T. V.; Sergienko, V. S.; Kurando, S. V.; Gritsenko, I. S.

    2012-07-01

    Thiosemicarbazide complexes of nickel(II) [Ni( TSC)2](H Sal)2 ( I) and copper(II) [Cu( TSC)2](H Sal)2 ( Ia) ( TSC is thiosemicarbazide and H Sal is a salycilate anion), as well as complexes [Ni( TSC)2](SO4) · 2H2O ( II) and [Ni( TSC)3]Cl2 · H2O ( III), are synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Monoclinic crystals I and Ia are isostructural; space group P21/ n, Z = 2. Crystals II are monoclinic, space group P21/ m, Z = 2. Crystals III are orthorhombic, space group Pbca, Z = 8. In I and Ia, two planar salycilate anions sandwich a planar centrosymmetric [Ni( TSC)2]2+ cation to form a supermolecule. The cation and anions are additionally bound by hydrogen bonds. Other hydrogen bonds connect supermolecules into planar layers. In structure II, centrosymmetric [Ni( TSC)2]2+ cations are connected by π-stacking interactions into supramolecular ensembles of a specific type. The ensembles, water molecules, and (SO4)2- anions are bound in the crystal via hydrogen bonds. In the [Ni( TSC)3]2+ cation of structure III, ligands coordinate the Ni atom by the bidentate chelate pattern with the formation of five-membered metallocycles. These metallocycles have an envelope conformation unlike those in I and II, which are planar. In III (unlike in analogous complexes), a meridional isomer of the coordination octahedron of the Ni atom is formed. Together with Cl1- and Cl2- anions, cations form supermolecules, which are packed into planar layers with a square-cellular structure. The layers are linked by hydrogen bonds formed by crystallization water molecules that are located between the layers.

  15. Cytotoxic activity, X-ray crystal structures and spectroscopic characterization of cobalt(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) coordination compounds with 2-substituted benzimidazoles.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Guadarrama, Obdulia; López-Sandoval, Horacio; Sánchez-Bartéz, Francisco; Gracia-Mora, Isabel; Höpfl, Herbert; Barba-Behrens, Noráh

    2009-09-01

    Herein we present the synthesis, structural and spectroscopic characterization of coordination compounds of cobalt(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) with 2-methylbenzimidazole (2mbz), 2-phenylbenzimidazole (2phbz), 2-chlorobenzimidazole (2cbz), 2-benzimidazolecarbamate (2cmbz) and 2-guanidinobenzimidazole (2gbz). Their cytotoxic activity was evaluated using human cancer cell lines, PC3 (prostate), MCF-7 (breast), HCT-15 (colon), HeLa (cervic-uterine), SKLU-1 (lung) and U373 (glioblastoma), showing that the zinc(II) and copper(II) compounds [Zn(2mbz)(2)Cl(2)].0.5H(2)O, [Zn(2cmbz)(2)Cl(2)].EtOH, [Cu(2cmbz)Br(2)].0.7H(2)O and [Cu(2gbz)Br(2)] had significant cytotoxic activity. The isostructural cobalt(II) complexes showed not significant activity. The cytotoxic activity is related to the presence of halides in the coordination sphere of the metal ion. Recuperation experiments with HeLa cells, showed that the cells recuperated after removing the copper(II) compounds and, on the contrary, the cells treated with the zinc(II) compounds did not. These results indicate that the mode of action of the coordination compounds is different.

  16. New dinuclear copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes for the investigation of sugar-metal ion interactions.

    PubMed

    Bera, Manindranath; Patra, Ayan

    2011-10-18

    We have studied the binding interactions of biologically important carbohydrates (D-glucose, D-xylose and D-mannose) with the newly synthesized five-coordinate dinuclear copper(II) complex, [Cu(2)(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)] (1) and zinc(II) complex, [Zn(2)(hpnbpda)(μ-OAc)] (2) [H(3)hpnbpda=N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-propanediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid] in aqueous alkaline solution. The complexes 1 and 2 are fully characterized both in solid and solution using different analytical techniques. A geometrical optimization was made of the ligand H(3)hpnbpda and the complexes 1 and 2 by molecular mechanics (MM+) method in order to establish the stable conformations. All carbohydrates bind to the metal complexes in a 1:1 molar ratio. The binding events have been investigated by a combined approach of FTIR, UV-vis and (13)C NMR spectroscopic techniques. UV-vis spectra indicate a significant blue shift of the absorption maximum of complex 1 during carbohydrate coordination highlighting the sugar binding ability of complex 1. The apparent binding constants of the substrate-bound copper(II) complexes have been determined from the UV-vis titration experiments. The binding ability and mode of binding of these sugar substrates with complex 2 are indicated by their characteristic coordination induced shift (CIS) values in (13)C NMR spectra for carbon atoms C1, C2, and C3 of sugar substrates.

  17. Solvent effects on the stability of nifuroxazide complexes with cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) in alcohols.

    PubMed

    Khan, Mustayeen A; Ali, S Kauser; Bouet, Gilles M

    2002-05-21

    A spectrophotometric study of the complexation of nifuroxazide with cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) was carried out in different alcohols. The formation of a complex in each case is reported and their stability constants have been calculated. For a given solvent, the stability of the complexes increases from cobalt to copper. In the case of copper(II), the stability varies as an inverse function of the dielectric constant of the solvent. A possible structure of the complex is proposed.

  18. Spectroscopic characterization, antioxidant and antitumour studies of novel bromo substituted thiosemicarbazone and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Lavanya, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sarala, Y.; Ramachandraiah, C.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2015-01-01

    A new, slightly distorted octahedral complex of copper(II), square planar complexes of nickel(II) and palladium(II) with 2,4‧-dibromoacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (DBAPTSC) are synthesized. The ligand and the complexes are characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, powder X-ray diffraction studies. The IR and Raman data are correlated for the presence of the functional groups which specifically helped in the confirmation of the compounds. In addition, the free ligand is unambiguously characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy while the copper(II) complex is characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). The g values for the same are found to be 2.246 (g1), 2.012 (g2) and 2.005 (g3) which suggested rhombic distortions. The HOMO-LUMO band gap calculations for these compounds are found to be in between 0.5 and 4.0 eV and these compounds are identified as semiconducting materials. The synthesized ligand and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes are subjected to antitumour activity against the HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cell lines. Among all the compounds, nickel(II) complex is found to exert better antitumour activity with 57.6% of cytotoxicity.

  19. Nickel(II) and Zinc(II) meso-Tetracyclohexylporphyrins. Structural and Electronic Effects Induced by meso-Cyclohexyl Substitution in Metalloporphyrins.

    PubMed

    Veyrat, Marc; Ramasseul, René; Turowska-Tyrk, Ilona; Scheidt, W. Robert; Autret, Marie; Kadish, Karl M.; Marchon, Jean-Claude

    1999-04-19

    The synthesis and X-ray structures of the zinc(II) and nickel(II) complexes of meso-tetracyclohexylporphyrin H(2)(TCHP) are described. The nonplanarity of the meso substituents results in steric crowding at the porphyrin periphery. In the solid state, the nickel(II) complex Ni(TCHP) has a ruffled porphyrin conformation while Zn(TCHP) exhibits a stepped distortion of the macrocycle. In chloroform solution, fast rotation of the cyclohexyl groups on the NMR time scale is observed at room temperature for both complexes. Temperature-dependent (1)H NMR spectra showed that the (-g,g,-g,g) conformer of Zn(TCHP) and Ni(TCHP) is prevalent in solution at low temperatures and gave an estimate for the rotation barrier of the cyclohexyl groups (DeltaG(c)() = 10-12 kcal mol(-)(1)). In both complexes, the porphyrin ring is easier to oxidize and harder to reduce than in their tetraphenylporphyrin M(TPP) congeners, in agreement with the stronger electron-donating effect of the cyclohexyl group. The magnitude of the potential shift is larger for the first oxidation than for the first reduction, reflecting a smaller HOMO-LUMO energy gap and a greater degree of macrocycle distortion than in the M(TPP) derivatives. This information is of importance to understanding the protein regulation of electron-transfer processes by cytochrome c and other redox active proteins. Crystal data: Ni(TCHP).CHCl(3).CH(3)CN, monoclinic, C2/c, a = 27.405(12), b = 10.004(21), c = 32.877(24) Å, beta = 107.71(3) degrees at 127 K, Z = 8. Zn(TCHP), monoclinic, P2(1)/a, a = 11.159(15), b = 11.992(7), c = 13.465(20) Å, beta = 102.85(16) degrees at 127 K, Z = 2.

  20. Synthesis and DNA cleavage activities of mononuclear macrocyclic polyamine zinc(II), copper(II), cobalt(II) complexes which linked with uracil.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiao-Yan; Zhang, Ji; Li, Kun; Jiang, Ning; Chen, Shan-Yong; Lin, Hong-Hui; Huang, Yu; Ma, Li-Jian; Yu, Xiao-Qi

    2006-10-01

    Mononuclear macrocyclic polyamine zinc(II), copper(II), cobalt(II) complexes, which could attach to peptide nucleic acid (PNA), were synthesized as DNA cleavage agents. The structures of these new mononuclear complexes were identified by MS and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The catalytic activities on DNA cleavage of these mononuclear complexes with different central metals were subsequently studied, which showed that copper complex was better catalyst in the DNA cleavage process than zinc and cobalt complexes. The effects of reaction time, concentration of complexes were also investigated. The results indicated that the copper(II) complexes could catalyze the cleavage of supercoiled DNA (pUC 19 plasmid DNA) (Form I) under physiological conditions to produce selectively nicked DNA (Form II, no Form III produced) with high yields. The mechanism of the cleavage process was also studied.

  1. The copper(II) and zinc(II) coordination mode of HExxH and HxxEH motif in small peptides: the role of carboxylate location and hydrogen bonding network.

    PubMed

    Grasso, Giuseppe; Magrì, Antonio; Bellia, Francesco; Pietropaolo, Adriana; La Mendola, Diego; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2014-01-01

    Copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with two hexapeptides encompassing HExxH and HxxEH motif were characterized by means of a combined experimental and theoretical approach. Parallel tempering and density functional theory (DFT) investigations show the presence of different hydrogen bonding networks between the copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with the two peptides, suggesting a significant contribution of these non-covalent interactions to the stability constant values. The glutamate carboxylate group has a direct role in metal ion binding. The location of this amino acid along the sequence of the investigated peptides is critical to determine thermodynamic and spectroscopic features of the copper(II) complex species, whereas is less relevant in the zinc(II) complexes formation. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) characterization of the zinc(II) complex species show that in the [ZnH-2L] two deprotonated amide nitrogen atoms are involved in the metal coordination environment, an uncommon behavior in zinc(II) complexes for multi-histidine ligands.

  2. Synthesis, structural characterization, antiradical and antidiabetic activities of copper(II) and zinc(II) Schiff base complexes derived from salicylaldehyde and beta-alanine.

    PubMed

    Vanco, Ján; Marek, Jaromír; Trávnícek, Zdenek; Racanská, Eva; Muselík, Jan; Svajlenová, Ol'ga

    2008-04-01

    A series of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes involving a tridentate O,N,O'-donor Schiff base derived from salicylaldehyde and beta-alanine {i.e. N-salicylidene-beta-alanine(2-), (L)}, having the composition [Cu(2)(L)(2)(H(2)O)].H(2)O (1), [Cu(L)(H(2)O)](n) (2), and [Zn(L)(H(2)O)](n) (3), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, UV-visible (UV-VIS), FT-IR and ESI-MS spectra, and thermal analyses. Complexes 1 and 2 have been investigated by single crystal X-ray analysis and also by temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements (294-80K). All prepared complexes have been evaluated by the antiperoxynitrite activity assay and alloxan-induced diabetes model. The significant antioxidant and antidiabetic activities have been found in the case of both copper(II) complexes 1 and 2. In spite of first two complexes, the zinc(II) complex 3, as well as the potassium salt of the ligand (KHL) showed only insignificant protective effect against the tyrosine nitration in vitro.

  3. Effect of substituents on prediction of TLC retention of tetra-dentate Schiff bases and their Copper(II) and Nickel(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Stevanović, Nikola R; Perušković, Danica S; Gašić, Uroš M; Antunović, Vesna R; Lolić, Aleksandar Đ; Baošić, Rada M

    2017-03-01

    The objectives of this study were to gain insights into structure-retention relationships and to propose the model to estimating their retention. Chromatographic investigation of series of 36 Schiff bases and their copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes was performed under both normal- and reverse-phase conditions. Chemical structures of the compounds were characterized by molecular descriptors which are calculated from the structure and related to the chromatographic retention parameters by multiple linear regression analysis. Effects of chelation on retention parameters of investigated compounds, under normal- and reverse-phase chromatographic conditions, were analyzed by principal component analysis, quantitative structure-retention relationship and quantitative structure-activity relationship models were developed on the basis of theoretical molecular descriptors, calculated exclusively from molecular structure, and parameters of retention and lipophilicity.

  4. Antibacterial, DNA interaction and cytotoxic activities of pendant-armed polyamine macrocyclic dinuclear nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arthi, P.; Haleel, A.; Srinivasan, P.; Prabhu, D.; Arulvasu, C.; Kalilur Rahiman, A.

    2014-08-01

    A series of dinuclear nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes (1-6) of hexaaza macrocycles of 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol with three different benzoyl pendant-arms, 2,2‧-benzoyliminodi(ethylamine) trihydrochloride (L), 2,2‧-4-nitrobenzoyliminodi(ethylamine) trihydrochloride (L‧) and 2,2‧-3,5-dinitrobenzoyliminodi(ethylamine) trihydrochloride (L″) have been synthesized and characterized by spectral methods. The electrochemical studies of these complexes depict two irreversible one electron reduction processes around E1pc = -0.62 to -0.76 V and E2pc = -1.21 to -1.31, and nickel(II) complexes (1-3) exhibit two irreversible one electron oxidation processes around E1pa = 1.08 to 1.14 V and E2pa = 1.71 to 1.74 V. The room temperature magnetic moment values (μeff, 1.52-1.54 BM) indicate the presence of an antiferromagnetic interaction in the binuclear copper(II) complexes (4-6) which is also observed from the broad ESR spectra with a g value of 2.14-2.15. The synthesized complexes (1-6) were screened for their antibacterial activity. The results of DNA interaction studies indicate that the dinuclear complexes can bind to calf thymus DNA by intercalative mode and display efficient cleavage of plasmid DNA. Further, the cytotoxic activity of complexes 2, 5 and 6 on human liver adenocarcinoma (HepG2) cell line has been examined. Nuclear-chromatin cleavage has also been observed with PI staining and comet assays.

  5. Cytotoxic copper(II), cobalt(II), zinc(II), and nickel(II) coordination compounds of clotrimazole.

    PubMed

    Betanzos-Lara, Soledad; Gómez-Ruiz, Celedonio; Barrón-Sosa, Lidia R; Gracia-Mora, Isabel; Flores-Álamo, Marcos; Barba-Behrens, Noráh

    2012-09-01

    Sixteen novel mononuclear Cu(II), Co(II), Zn(II), and Ni(II) complexes of the biologically active ligand clotrimazole (clotri) of the forms [M(clotri)(2)Cl(2)]·nH(2)O (1-4), [M(clotri)(2)Br(2)]·nH(2)O (5-7), [M(clotri)(3)Br(2)] (8), [M(clotri)(3)NO(3)]NO(3)·nH(2)O (9, 11), [M(clotri)(3)(NO(3))(2)]·nH(2)O (10), and [M(clotri)(3)(OH(2))(2)NO(3)]NO(3)·nH(2)O (12) were synthesized and fully characterized. Dinuclear [Cu(2)(clotri)(4)μ(2)-Cl(4)]·2H(2)O (1a) and [Cu(2)(clotri)(4)μ(2)-Br(2)]·2H(2)O (5b) as well as tetranuclear [Cu(4)(clotri)(4)μ(4)-Br(6)μ(4)-O] (5a) complexes were also isolated. Complexes 1-7, 9, and 11 present a tetrahedral geometry; complex 8 exhibits a pentacoordinated structure; complexes 1a, 10 and 12 an octahedral geometry. X-ray crystal structures of [Cu(clotri)(2)Cl(2)](1), [Cu(clotri)(2)(EtOH)Cl(2)](1·EtOH), [Zn(clotri)(2)Cl(2)] (3), [Zn(clotri)(2)Br(2)] (7), and [Cu(4)(clotri)(4)μ(4)-Br(6)μ(4)-O] (5a) were obtained. Complexes 1-12 were tested for cytotoxic activity against the human carcinoma cell lines HeLa (cervix-uterine), PC3 (prostate), and HCT-15 (colon) displaying IC(50) values <30 μM. Confocal microscopy and nuclear dying (DAPI) for complex 1 showed condensation of cromatin and nuclear membrane fragmentation. Immunocytochemical detection/expression of biomarkers suggests that complexes 1 and 9 induce cell death via apoptosis. TUNEL assay detected DNA fragmentation in HeLa cells, resulting from apoptotic signaling cascades induced by Cu(II) complexes 1 and 9. (1)H NMR studies of the Zn(II) complexes showed that they can bind to nucleotides.

  6. Directed synthesis of a heterobimetallic complex based on a novel unsymmetric double-Schiff-base ligand: preparation, characterization, reactivity and structures of hetero- and homobimetallic nickel(II) and zinc(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Roth, Arne; Buchholz, Axel; Rudolph, Manfred; Schütze, Eileen; Kothe, Erika; Plass, Winfried

    2008-01-01

    A series of bimetallic zinc(II) and nickel(II) complexes based on the novel dinucleating unsymmetric double-Schiff-base ligand benzoic acid [1-(3-{[2-(bispyridin-2-ylmethylamino)ethylimino]methyl}-2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)methylidene]hydrazide (H(2)bpampbh) has been synthesized and structurally characterized. The metal centers reside in two entirely different binding pockets provided by the ligand H(2)bpampbh, a planar tridentate [ONO] and a pentadentate [ON(4)] compartment. The utilized ligand H(2)bpampbh has been synthesized by condensation of the single-Schiff-base proligand Hbpahmb with benzoic acid hydrazide. The reaction of H(2)bpampbh with two equivalents of either zinc(II) or nickel(II) acetate yields the homobimetallic complexes [Zn(2)(bpampbh)(mu,eta(1)-OAc)(eta(1)-OAc)] (ZnZn) and [Ni(2)(bpampbh)(mu-H(2)O)(eta(1)-OAc)(H(2)O)](OAc) (NiNi), respectively. Simultaneous presence of one equivalent zinc(II) and one equivalent nickel(II) acetate results in the directed formation of the heterobimetallic complex [NiZn(bpampbh)(mu,eta(1)-OAc)(eta(1)-OAc)] (NiZn) with a selective binding of the nickel ions in the pentadentate ligand compartment. In addition, two homobimetallic azide-bridged complexes [Ni(2)(bpampbh)(mu,eta(1)-N(3))]ClO(4) (NiNi(N(3))) and [Ni(2)(bpampbh)(mu,eta(1)-N(3))(MeOH)(2)](ClO(4))(0.5)(N(3))(0.5) (NiNi(N(3))(MeOH)(2)) were synthesized. In all complexes, the metal ions residing in the pentadentate compartment adopt a distorted octahedral coordination geometry, whereas the metal centers placed in the tridentate compartment vary in coordination number and geometry from square-planar (NiNi(N(3))) and square-pyramidal (ZnZn and NiZn), to octahedral (NiNi and NiNi(N(3))(MeOH)(2)). In the case of complex NiNi(N(3)) this leads to a mixed-spin homodinuclear nickel(II) complex. All compounds have been characterized by means of mass spectrometry as well as IR and UV/Vis spectroscopies. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show significant zero

  7. Quantitative investigation of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine and computer-simulated appraisal of their potential significance in vivo.

    PubMed

    Brumas, V; Venturini, M; Filella, M; Berthon, G

    1989-12-01

    S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine (SCC) is a mucolytic agent extensively used in the treatment of respiratory tract disorders. Some of the undesirable side effects observed during SCC therapy being reminiscent of symptoms characteristic of copper and zinc imbalances, the objective of this paper was to test the possible interference of SCC with the metabolism of these two metals. Copper(II)- and zinc(II)-SCC complex equilibria have thus been investigated under physiological conditions by means of classical potentiometry combined with computer-assisted calculation techniques. Formation constants derived from these studies have then been used to simulate 1) the potential influence of SCC on the distribution of the above metals in blood plasma and 2) the extent to which gastrointestinal interactions between the drug and each metal ion in turn are likely to affect the bioavailability of each other. The results of these simulations show that 1) plasma therapeutic levels of SCC are not likely to induce dramatic changes in the distributions of copper(II) and zinc(II) low molecular weight fractions, 2) the gastrointestinal distribution of the drug is not affected by standard dietary doses of these metals, and 3) in contrast, therapeutic concentrations of SCC are capable of mobilizing significant fractions of both metals into tissue-diffusible electrically neutral complexes. In conclusion significant depletions of neither copper nor zinc are to be expected from oral administration of SCC. While the drug may to some extent facilitate the excretion of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions from blood plasma, its gastrointestinal influence is, on the contrary, favorable to a better absorption of these two metals.

  8. The water soluble peripherally tetra-substituted zinc(ii), manganese(iii) and copper(ii) phthalocyanines as new potential anticancer agents.

    PubMed

    Barut, Burak; Sofuoğlu, Ayşenur; Biyiklioglu, Zekeriya; Özel, Arzu

    2016-09-28

    In this study, [2-(2-morpholin-4-ylethoxy)ethoxy] group substituted zinc(ii), manganese(iii) and copper(ii) phthalocyanines 2-4 and their water soluble derivatives 2a, 3a and 4a were synthesized and the interactions of compounds 2a, 3a and 4a with CT-DNA and supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA were investigated. The results of binding experiments showed that these compounds were able to interact with CT-DNA via intercalative mode with a strong binding affinity in the order 3a > 2a > 4a. DNA-photocleavage activities of compounds 2a, 3a and 4a were determined. These compounds cleaved supercoiled pBR322 plasmid DNA efficiently under irradiation at 650 nm for 2a and 4a, and at 750 nm for 3a. These compounds displayed remarkable inhibitory activities against topoisomerase I enzyme in a dose-dependent manner. All of these results suggest that these phthalocyanines might be suitable anticancer agents due to their strong binding affinities, significant cleavage activities and effective topoisomerase I inhibition.

  9. Excessive Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Levels in Drinkable Water Sources in Areas Along the Lake Victoria Shorelines in Siaya County, Kenya.

    PubMed

    Wambu, Enos W; Omwoyo, Wesley N; Akenga, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Copper(II) and zinc(II) levels in drinkable water sources in the alluvium areas of the Lake Victoria Basin in Siaya County of Kenya were evaluated to assess the risk posed to resident communities by hydrogeological accumulation of toxic residues in the sedimentary regions of the lake basin. The levels of the metals in water were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Metal concentrations ranged from 0.11 to 4.29 mg/L for Cu(II) and 0.03 to 1.62 mg/L for Zn(II), which were both higher than those normally recorded in natural waters. The Cu(II) levels also exceeded WHO guidelines for drinking water in 27% of the samples. The highest prevalence of excessive Cu(II) was found among dams and open pans (38%), piped water (33%) and spring water (25%). It was estimated that 18.2% of the resident communities in the current study area are exposed to potentially toxic levels of Cu(II) through their drinking water.

  10. Pharmacological Role of Anions (Sulphate, Nitrate, Oxalate and Acetate) on the Antibacterial Activity of Cobalt(II), Copper(II) and Nickel(II) Complexes With Nicotinoylhydrazine-Derived ONO, NNO and SNO Ligands

    PubMed Central

    Rauf, Abdur

    1996-01-01

    Mixed ligands biologically active complexes of cobalt(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) with nicotinoylhydrazine-derived ONO, NNO and SNO donor schiff-base ligands having the same metal ion but different anions such as sulphate, nitrate, oxalate and acetate have been synthesised and characterised on the basis of their physical, analytical and spectral data. In order to evaluate the role of anions on their bioability, these ligands and their synthesised metal complexes with various anions have been screened against bacterial species such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus and the title studies have proved a definative role of anions in increasing the biological activity PMID:18472896

  11. Structures and magnetic properties of an antiferromagnetically coupled polymeric copper(II) complex and ferromagnetically coupled hexanuclear nickel(II) clusters.

    PubMed

    Tandon, Santokh S; Bunge, Scott D; Sanchiz, Joaquin; Thompson, Laurence K

    2012-03-05

    Reactions between 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol (DFMF) and tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane (THMAM = H(3)L2) in the presence of copper(II) salts, CuX(2) (X = CH(3)CO(2)(-), BF(4)(-), ClO(4)(-), Cl(-), NO(3)(-)) and Ni(CH(3)CO(2))(2) or Ni(ClO(4))(2)/NaC(6)H(5)CO(2), sodium azide (NaN(3)), and triethylamine (TEA), in one pot self-assemble giving a coordination polymer consisting of repeating pentanuclear copper(II) clusters {[Cu(2)(H(5)L(2-))(μ-N(3))](2)[Cu(N(3))(4)]·2CH(3)OH}(n) (1) and hexanuclear Ni(II) complexes [Ni(6)(H(3)L1(-))(2)(HL2(2-))(2)(μ-N(3))(4)(CH(3)CO(2))(2)]·6C(3)H(7)NO·C(2)H(5)OH (2) and [Ni(6)(H(3)L1(-))(2)(HL2(2-))(2)(μ-N(3))(4)(C(6)H(5)CO(2))(2)]·3C(3)H(7)NO·3H(2)O·CH(3)OH (3). In 1, H(5)L(2-) and in 2 and 3 H(3)L1(-) and HL2(2-) represent doubly deprotonated, singly deprotonated, and doubly deprotonated Schiff-base ligands H(7)L and H(4)L1 and a tripodal ligand H(3)L2, respectively. 1 has a novel double-stranded ladder-like structure in which [Cu(N(3))(4)](2-) anions link single chains comprised of dinuclear cationic subunits [Cu(2)(H(5)L(2-))(μ-N(3))](+), forming a 3D structure of interconnected ladders through H bonding. Nickel(II) clusters 2 and 3 have very similar neutral hexanuclear cores in which six nickel(II) ions are bonded to two H(4)L1, two H(3)L2, four μ-azido, and two μ-CH(3)CO(2)(-)/μ-C(6)H(5)CO(2)(-) ligands. In each structure two terminal dinickel (Ni(2)) units are connected to the central dinickel unit through four doubly bridging end-on (EO) μ-azido and four triply bridging μ(3)-methoxy bridges organizing into hexanuclear units. In each terminal dinuclear unit two nickel centers are bridged through one μ-phenolate oxygen from H(3)L1(-), one μ(3)-methoxy oxygen from HL2(2-), and one μ-CH(3)CO(2)(-) (2)/μ-C(6)H(5)CO(2)(-) (3) ion. Bulk magnetization measurements on 1 show moderately strong antiferromagnetic coupling within the [Cu(2)] building block (J(1) = -113.5 cm(-1)). Bulk magnetization measurements on 2

  12. Four-coordinate nickel(II) and copper(II) complex based ONO tridentate Schiff base ligands: synthesis, molecular structure, electrochemical, linear and nonlinear properties, and computational study.

    PubMed

    Novoa, Néstor; Roisnel, Thierry; Hamon, Paul; Kahlal, Samia; Manzur, Carolina; Ngo, Hoang Minh; Ledoux-Rak, Isabelle; Saillard, Jean-Yves; Carrillo, David; Hamon, Jean-René

    2015-11-07

    We report the synthesis, characterization, crystal structures, nonlinear-optical (NLO) properties, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations of nickel(ii) and copper(ii) complex based ONO tridentate Schiff base ligands: two mononuclear compounds, [Ni(An-ONO)(NC5H5)] (5) and [Cu(An-ONO)(4-NC5H4C(CH3)3)] (6), and two heterobimetallic species, [M(Fc-ONO)(NC5H5)] (M = Ni, 7; Cu, 8), where An-ONOH2 (3) and Fc-ONOH2 (4) are the 1 : 1 condensation products of 2-aminophenol and p-anisoylacetone and ferrocenoylacetone, respectively. These compounds were characterised by microanalysis, FT-IR and X-ray crystallography in the solid state and in solution by UV-vis and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structures of 3-5, 7 and 8 have been determined and show for Schiff base complexes 5, 7 and 8 a four-coordinated square-planar environment for nickel and copper ions. The electrochemical behavior of all derivatives 3-8 was investigated by cyclic voltammetry in dichloromethane, and discussed on the basis of DFT-computed electronic structures of the neutral and oxidized forms of the compounds. The second-order NLO responses of 3-8 have been determined by harmonic light scattering measurements using a 10(-2) M solution of dichloromethane and working with a 1.91 μm incident wavelength, giving rather high β1.91 values of 350 and 290 × 10(-30) esu for the mononuclear species 5 and 6, respectively. The assignment and the nature of the electronic transitions observed in the UV-vis spectra were analyzed using time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations. They are dominated by LMCT, MLCT and π-π* transitions.

  13. Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells.

    PubMed

    Jagadeesh, M; Kalangi, Suresh K; Sivarama Krishna, L; Reddy, A Varada

    2014-01-24

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of two different halogen substituted thiosemicarbazone ligands were synthesized. The ligands 3,4-difluoroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) and 2-bromo-4'-chloroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (2) were characterized and confirmed spectroscopically by FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-vis and fluorescence spectral analysis, while the respective copper(II) complexes [Cu(C9H9N3F2S)2Cl2] (1a), [Cu(C9H9N3ClBrS)2Cl2] (2a) and nickel(II) complexes [Ni(C9H9N3F2S)2] (1b), [Ni(C9H9N3ClBrS)2] (2b) were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR). The EPR spectra of the Cu(II) complexes provided the rhombic octahedral and axial symmetry of the complexes 1a and 2a respectively. For the complex 1a, the g values calculated as g1=2.1228, g2=2.0706 and g3=2.001 between 2900 and 3300 G. While for the complex 2a, a set of two resonance absorptions were observed. The synthesized compounds were tested for antitumor activity and showed that the ability to kill liver cancer cells significantly. Out of all the synthesized compounds, copper(II) complexes 1a and 2a showed high cytotoxic effect on liver cancer cells with 67.51% and 42.77% of cytotoxicity respectively at 100 μM.

  14. Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sivarama Krishna, L.; Reddy, A. Varada

    2014-01-01

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of two different halogen substituted thiosemicarbazone ligands were synthesized. The ligands 3,4-difluoroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) and 2-bromo-4'-chloroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (2) were characterized and confirmed spectroscopically by FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-vis and fluorescence spectral analysis, while the respective copper(II) complexes [Cu(C9H9N3F2S)2Cl2] (1a), [Cu(C9H9N3ClBrS)2Cl2] (2a) and nickel(II) complexes [Ni(C9H9N3F2S)2] (1b), [Ni(C9H9N3ClBrS)2] (2b) were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR). The EPR spectra of the Cu(II) complexes provided the rhombic octahedral and axial symmetry of the complexes 1a and 2a respectively. For the complex 1a, the g values calculated as g1 = 2.1228, g2 = 2.0706 and g3 = 2.001 between 2900 and 3300 G. While for the complex 2a, a set of two resonance absorptions were observed. The synthesized compounds were tested for antitumor activity and showed that the ability to kill liver cancer cells significantly. Out of all the synthesized compounds, copper(II) complexes 1a and 2a showed high cytotoxic effect on liver cancer cells with 67.51% and 42.77% of cytotoxicity respectively at 100 μM.

  15. NMR investigation of dynamic processes in complexes of nickel(II) and zinc(II) with iminodiacetate, n-methyliminodiacetate and n-ethyliminodiacetate

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, M.R.

    1985-11-01

    Analysis of oxygen-17 bulk water relaxation rates with an aqueous solution of 1:1 Ni(II):ida reveals that two rate-limiting processes are involved with solvent exchange. Analysis of carbon-13 longitudinal relaxation rates of the bis-ligand complexes with zinc(II) are used to determine molecular tumbling rates and methyl rotation rates. The carbon-13 transverse relaxation rates for the carbons in the bis-ligand complex with Ni(II) are adequately fitted to the Solomon-Bloembergen equation. Three carboxylate carbon peaks are seen with the /sup 13/C spectrum of the 1:2 Ni(II):ida complex, which coalesce into a single peak above about 360 K. The mechanism and rate of ligand exchange are determined for the complexes Zn(II)L/sub 2//sup -2/ (L = mida, eida) in aqueous solution by total lineshape analysis of the proton spectrum at 500 MHz.

  16. Synthesis, structure, magnetic properties and biological activity of supramolecular copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes with a Schiff base ligand derived from vitamin B6.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Tirtha; Costa Pessoa, João; Kumar, Amit; Sarkar, Asit R

    2013-02-21

    Three new complexes of Cu(II) and Ni(II), [Cu(II)(H(2)pydmedpt)](2+)·2Cl(-) (1), [Ni(II)(H(2)pydmedpt)](2+)·2Cl(-) (2) and [Ni(II)(pydmedpt)(OH)](-)·K(+) (3) of the Schiff base ligand [H(2)pydmedpt](2+)·2Cl(-) were synthesized by the in situ reaction of pyridoxal (pyd), a vitamer of vitamin B(6), N,N-bis[3-aminopropyl]methylamine (medpt) and copper(II) acetate or nickel(II) acetate, respectively. The molecular structures of 1 and 2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The structure of 3 in the solid state was inferred by elemental analysis, diffuse reflectance spectrum, variable temperature magnetic moment studies and DFT calculations. The binding of the Schiff base ligand to the metal centers involves two phenolato oxygens, two imine nitrogens and one amine nitrogen. The coordination geometry around Cu in 1 is distorted square pyramidal and that around the Ni atom in 2 is intermediate between square-pyramidal and trigonal-bipyramidal. In the crystals the compounds form supramolecular one dimensional chain structures stabilized by hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking interactions. Variable temperature magnetic moment data of 2 indicate the presence of a momomeric high spin Ni(II) centre in the complex. The solid state diffuse reflectance spectrum, conductance and elemental analysis suggest that 3 is a Ni(II) complex with a tetragonally distorted octahedral field, the sixth position being occupied by the oxygen atom of a hydroxyl group. The variable temperature magnetic moment of 3 indicates the presence of a ferromagnetic dinuclear species (29.2%) along with the major monomeric species, the intra-dimer exchange term J value being 14.3 cm(-1). The competitive binding of 1 and 2 with DNA was studied in the concentration range 40 to 400 μM, the apparent binding constants being K = 2.9 × 10(3) and 6.7 × 10(3) M(-1), respectively. Human Serum Albumin (HSA) binding studies were carried out at concentrations of 800-1000 μM and 400-500

  17. Novel zinc(II) and copper(II) complexes of a Mannich base derived from lawsone: Synthesis, single crystal X-ray analysis, ab initio density functional theory calculations and vibrational analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neves, Amanda P.; Vargas, Maria D.; Soto, Claudio A. Téllez; Ramos, Joanna M.; Visentin, Lorenzo do C.; Pinheiro, Carlos B.; Mangrich, Antônio S.; de Rezende, Edivaltrys I. P.

    Zinc(II) and copper(II) complexes of a tridentate Mannich base L1 derived from 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, pyridinecarboxyaldehyde and 2-aminomethylpyridine, [ZnL1Cl2]·H2O 1 and [CuL1Cl2]·2H2O 2, have been synthesized and fully characterized. The structure of complex 1 has been elucidated by a single crystal X-ray diffraction study: the zinc atom is pentacoordinate and the coordination geometry is a distorted square base pyramid, with a geometric structural parameter τ equal to 0.149. Vibrational spectroscopy and ab initio DFT calculations of both compounds have confirmed that the two complexes exhibit similar structures. Full assignment of the vibrational spectra was also supported by careful analysis of the distorted geometries generated by the normal modes

  18. Binuclear cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and palladium(II) complexes of a new Schiff-base as ligand: synthesis, structural characterization, and antibacterial activity.

    PubMed

    Geeta, B; Shravankumar, K; Reddy, P Muralidhar; Ravikrishna, E; Sarangapani, M; Reddy, K Krishna; Ravinder, V

    2010-11-01

    A binucleating new Schiff-base ligand with a phenylene spacer, afforded by the condensation of glycyl-glycine and o-phthalaldehyde has been served as an octadentate N₄O₄ ligand in designing some binuclear complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), and palladium(II). The binding manner of the ligand to the metal and the composition and geometry of the metal complexes were examined by elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, magnetic moments, IR, ¹H, ¹³C NMR, ESR and electronic spectroscopies, and TGA measurements. There are two different coordination/chelation environments present around two metal centers of each binuclear complex. The composition of the complexes in the coordination sphere was found to be [M₂(L)(H(2)O)₄] (where M=Co(II) and Ni(II)) and [M₂(L)] (where M=Cu(II) and Pd(II)). In the case of Cu(II) complexes, ESR spectra provided further information to confirm the binuclear structure and the presence of magnetic interactions. All the above metal complexes have shown moderate to good antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

  19. Coordination modes of a schiff base pentadentate derivative of 4-aminoantipyrine with cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) metal ions: synthesis, spectroscopic and antimicrobial studies.

    PubMed

    Chandra, Sulekh; Jain, Deepali; Sharma, Amit Kumar; Sharma, Pratibha

    2009-01-01

    Transition metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) metal ions with general stoichiometry [M(L)X]X and [M(L)SO(4)], where M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), L = 3,3'-thiodipropionic acid bis(4-amino-5-ethylimino-2,3-dimethyl-1-phenyl-3-pyrazoline) and X = NO(3)(-), Cl(-) and OAc(-), have been synthesized and structurally characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements and spectral techniques like IR, UV and EPR. The nickel(II) complexes were found to have octahedral geometry, whereas cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes were of tetragonal geometry. The covalency factor (beta) and orbital reduction factor (k) suggest the covalent nature of the complexes. The ligand and its complexes have been screened for their antifungal and antibacterial activities against three fungi, i.e. Alternaria brassicae, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium oxysporum and two bacteria, i.e. Xanthomonas compestris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

  20. Coordination mode of pentadentate ligand derivative of 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol with nickel(II) and copper(II) metal ions: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, molecular modeling and fungicidal study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Gautam, Seema; Kumar, Amit; Madan, Molly

    2015-02-01

    Complexes of nickel(II), and copper(II) were synthesized with pantadentate ligand i.e. 3,3‧-thiodipropionicacid-bis(5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol) (L). The ligand was synthesized by the condensation of thiodipropionic acid and 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol in 1:2 ratio, respectively. Synthesized ligand was characterized by elemental analysis, mass, 1H NMR, IR, and molecular modeling. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment, IR, electronic spectra, ESR, and molecular modeling. The newly synthesized complexes possessed general composition [M(L)X2] where M = Ni(II), Cu(II), L = pantadentate ligand and X = Cl-, CH3COO-. The IR spectral data indicated that the ligand behaved as a pantadentate ligand and coordinated to the metal ion through N2S3 donor atoms. The molar conductance value of Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes in DMSO corresponded to their electrolytic behavior. On the basis of spectral study, octahedral and tetragonal geometry was assigned for Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes, respectively. In vitro fungicidal study of ligand and its complexes was investigated against fungi Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candidia krusei, and Candida tropicalis by means of well diffusion method.

  1. Coordination mode of pentadentate ligand derivative of 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol with nickel(II) and copper(II) metal ions: synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, molecular modeling and fungicidal study.

    PubMed

    Chandra, Sulekh; Gautam, Seema; Kumar, Amit; Madan, Molly

    2015-02-05

    Complexes of nickel(II), and copper(II) were synthesized with pantadentate ligand i.e. 3,3'-thiodipropionicacid-bis(5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol) (L). The ligand was synthesized by the condensation of thiodipropionic acid and 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol in 1:2 ratio, respectively. Synthesized ligand was characterized by elemental analysis, mass, (1)H NMR, IR, and molecular modeling. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment, IR, electronic spectra, ESR, and molecular modeling. The newly synthesized complexes possessed general composition [M(L)X2] where M = Ni(II), Cu(II), L = pantadentate ligand and X = Cl(-), CH3COO(-). The IR spectral data indicated that the ligand behaved as a pantadentate ligand and coordinated to the metal ion through N2S3 donor atoms. The molar conductance value of Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes in DMSO corresponded to their electrolytic behavior. On the basis of spectral study, octahedral and tetragonal geometry was assigned for Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes, respectively. In vitro fungicidal study of ligand and its complexes was investigated against fungi Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candidia krusei, and Candida tropicalis by means of well diffusion method.

  2. Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of tetradentate Schiff base ligand: UV-Vis and FT-IR spectra and DFT calculation of electronic, vibrational and nonlinear optical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zarei, Seyed Amir; Khaledian, Donya; Akhtari, Keivan; Hassanzadeh, Keyumars

    2015-11-01

    The experimental fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra of copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of the deprotonated tetradentate Schiff base ligand N,N‧-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediamine (H2L) are compared with their corresponding theoretical ones. The applied theoretical method is based on the density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory at the UPBE0/PBE0 levels using Def2-TZVP basis set. The computational optimised geometric parameters of the complexes are in good agreement with their corresponding experimental data. The FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra of the complexes were reproduced on the basis of their optimised structures. The vibrational assignments of some fundamental modes of the complexes are performed. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies are calculated. The analyses of the calculated electronic absorption spectra of the complexes are carried out to elucidate the electronic transitions assignments and their characters. Second-order nonlinear optical property of the complexes is evaluated by the above-mentioned theoretical method that implies much greater values for the complexes in comparison with the corresponding value of urea.

  3. Crystal structures of a copper(II) and the isotypic nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes of the ligand (E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri-bromo-phen-yl)diazen-yl]naphthalen-2-ol.

    PubMed

    Chetioui, Souheyla; Rouag, Djamil-Azzeddine; Djukic, Jean-Pierre; Bochet, Christian G; Touzani, Rachid; Bailly, Corinne; Crochet, Aurélien; Fromm, Katharina M

    2016-08-01

    In the copper(II) complex, bis-{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri-bromo-phen-yl)diazen-yl]naph-thalen-2-olato}copper(II), [Cu(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (I), the metal cation is coord-inated by two N atoms and two O atoms from two bidentate (E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri-bromo-phen-yl)diazen-yl]naphthalen-2-olate ligands, forming a slightly distorted square-planar environment. In one of the ligands, the tri-bromo-benzene ring is inclined to the naphthalene ring system by 37.4 (5)°, creating a weak intra-molecular Cu⋯Br inter-action [3.134 (2) Å], while in the other ligand, the tri-bromo-benzene ring is inclined to the naphthalene ring system by 72.1 (6)°. In the isotypic nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes, namely bis-{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri-bromo-phen-yl)diazen-yl]naphthalen-2-olato}nickel(II), [Ni(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (II), and bis-{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri-bromo-phen-yl)diazen-yl]naphthalen-2-olato}palladium(II), [Pd(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (III), respectively, the metal atoms are located on centres of inversion, hence the metal coordination spheres have perfect square-planar geometries. The tri-bromo-benzene rings are inclined to the naphthalene ring systems by 80.79 (18)° in (II) and by 80.8 (3)° in (III). In the crystal of (I), mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds, forming chains along [010]. The chains are linked by C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming sheets parallel to (011). In the crystals of (II) and (III), mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯π inter-actions, forming slabs parallel to (10-1). For the copper(II) complex (I), a region of disordered electron density was corrected for using the SQUEEZE routine in PLATON [Spek (2015 ▸). Acta Cryst. C71, 9-18]. The formula mass and unit-cell characteristics of the disordered solvent mol-ecules were not taken into account during refinement.

  4. Spectroscopic, electrochemical, and alkylation reactions: tert-butyl N-(2-mercaptoethyl)carbamate copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes as structural mimics for the active site of thiolate-alkylating enzymes.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Mohamed M; Mersal, Gaber A M; El-Shafai, Nagi; Ramadan, Abdel-Motaleb M; Youssef, Mohamed M

    2014-01-01

    Two new dithiolate copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes with the ligand tert-butyl N-(2-mercaptoethyl)-carbamate (Boc-SH) were prepared. Their structures were established to be [(Boc-S)2M], where M=Cu (1) and Ni (2) by using elemental analysis, thermal analysis, molar conductivity, FT-IR, Raman, UV/VIS, and ESR as well as EI-mass spectroscopic methods. The X-ray structure of the ligand Boc-SH was also determined. Spectral data showed that the carbamate ligand act as anioinic bidentate through one immine nitrogen and one thiolate sulfur donor atoms. The spectral techniques suggest that both complexes appear to have square planar geometries. The very low electrical conductance of the two complexes supports their neutral nature. The redox behaviors of the obtained complexes were also investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The monomeric nature of both complexes was assessed from their magnetic susceptibility values. The thermoanalytical data evidence that complex (2) is stable up to 165°C and undergo complete decomposition, resulting in NiO as a residual product. The TEM image of the obtained oxide residue showed its nanosize cluster, suggesting that complex (2) may be used as a precursor for the formation of nanooxide. The methylation reactions of the two dithiolate complexes (1) and (2) with methyl iodide appear to occur intramolecularly at the metal(II)-bound dithiolates, forming the metal(II)-bound dithioether complexes [M(Boc-SCH3)2]I2 with clean second-order constants of 7.95×10(-2) and 10.59×10(-2) M(-1) s(-1), respectively.

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic studies and structures of square-planar nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes derived from 2-{(Z)-[furan-2-ylmethyl]imino]methyl}-6-methoxyphenol.

    PubMed

    Unver, Hüseyin; Hayvali, Zeliha

    2010-02-01

    Two new nickel(II) [Ni(L)(2)] and copper(II) [Cu(L)(2)] complexes have been synthesized with bidentate NO donor Schiff base ligand (2-{(Z)-[furan-2-ylmethyl]imino]methyl}-6-methoxyphenol) (HL) and both complexes Ni(L)(2) and Cu(L)(2) have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, (1)H, (13)C NMR, mass spectroscopy and room temperature magnetic susceptibility measurement. The tautomeric equilibria (phenol-imine, O-H...N and keto-amine, O...H-N forms) have been systemetically studied by using UV-vis absorption spectra for the ligand HL. The UV-vis spectra of this ligand HL were recorded and commented in polar, non-polar, acidic and basic media. The crystal structures of these complexes have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic techniques. The complexes Ni(L)(2) and Cu(L)(2) crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n and P2(1)/c with unit cell parameters: a=10.4552(3)A and 12.1667(4)A, b=8.0121(3)A and 10.4792(3)A, c=13.9625(4)A and 129.6616(3)A, V=1155.22(6)A(3) and 1155.22(6)A(3), D(x)=1.493 and 1.476 g cm(-3) and Z=2 and 2, respectively. The crystal structures were solved by direct methods and refined by full-matrix least squares to a find R=0.0377 and 0.0336 of for 2340 and 2402 observed reflections, respectively.

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of a Tetramethyl Furanone Functionalized Diiminedioxime, A Potential Ligand for 64Cu Radiopharmaceuticals, and its Copper(II) and Nickel(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Kiani, Salma; Staples, Richard J.; Treves, S. Ted; Packard, Alan B.

    2009-01-01

    As part of our on-going effort to develop 64Cu-based radiopharmaceuticals for PET (positron emission tomography) imaging of multidrug resistance in cancer, we prepared a tetramethylfuranone-functionalized diiminedioxime ligand, TMFPreH (TMFPreH = 4-[3-(4-Hydroxyimino-2,2,5,5-dimethyl-dihydro-furan-3-ylideneamino)-propylimino]-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-dihydro-furan-3-one oxime) and its Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes. When the copper(II) complex was prepared from Cu(ClO4)2 in ethanol, it was isolated as a Cu(II)-bridged dimer, but when it was prepared from Cu(OAc)2 and heated in acetone, an unusual example of an acetone adduct of the ligand is formed by reduction of one of the imine double bonds by the solvent. The Ni(II) complex is square pyramidal with the perchlorate counterion at the apex. PMID:20161333

  7. Di- and tetra-nuclear copper(II), nickel(II), and cobalt(II) complexes of four bis-tetradentate triazole-based ligands: synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Olguín, Juan; Kalisz, Marguerite; Clérac, Rodolphe; Brooker, Sally

    2012-05-07

    Four bis-tetradentate N(4)-substituted-3,5-{bis[bis-N-(2-pyridinemethyl)]aminomethyl}-4H-1,2,4-triazole ligands, L(Tz1)-L(Tz4), differing only in the triazole N(4) substituent R (where R is amino, pyrrolyl, phenyl, or 4-tertbutylphenyl, respectively) have been synthesized, characterized, and reacted with M(II)(BF(4))(2)·6H(2)O (M(II) = Cu, Ni or Co) and Co(SCN)(2). Experiments using all 16 possible combinations of metal salt and L(TzR) were carried out: 14 pure complexes were obtained, 11 of which are dinuclear, while the other three are tetranuclear. The dinuclear complexes include two copper(II) complexes, [Cu(II)(2)(L(Tz2))(H(2)O)(4)](BF(4))(4) (2), [Cu(II)(2)(L(Tz4))(BF(4))(2)](BF(4))(2) (4); two nickel(II) complexes, [Ni(II)(2)(L(Tz1))(H(2)O)(3)(CH(3)CN)](BF(4))(4)·0.5(CH(3)CN) (5) and [Ni(II)(2)(L(Tz4))(H(2)O)(4)](BF(4))(4)·H(2)O (8); and seven cobalt(II) complexes, [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz1))(μ-BF(4))](BF(4))(3)·H(2)O (9), [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz2))(μ-BF(4))](BF(4))(3)·2H(2)O (10), [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz3))(H(2)O)(2)](BF(4))(4) (11), [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz4))(μ-BF(4))](BF(4))(3)·3H(2)O (12), [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz1))(SCN)(4)]·3H(2)O (13), [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz2))(SCN)(4)]·2H(2)O (14), and [Co(II)(2)(L(Tz3))(SCN)(4)]·H(2)O (15). The tetranuclear complexes are [Cu(II)(4)(L(Tz1))(2)(H(2)O)(2)(BF(4))(2)](BF(4))(6) (1), [Cu(II)(4)(L(Tz3))(2)(H(2)O)(2)(μ-F)(2)](BF(4))(6)·0.5H(2)O (3), and [Ni(II)(4)(L(Tz3))(2)(H(2)O)(4)(μ-F(2))](BF(4))(6)·6.5H(2)O (7). Single crystal X-ray structure determinations revealed different solvent content from that found by microanalysis of the bulk sample after drying under a vacuum and confirmed that 5', 8', 9', 11', 12', and 15' are dinuclear while 1' and 7' are tetranuclear. As expected, magnetic measurements showed that weak antiferromagnetic intracomplex interactions are present in 1, 2, 4, 7, and 8, stabilizing a singlet spin ground state. All seven of the dinuclear cobalt(II) complexes, 9-15, have similar magnetic behavior and remain in the [HS-HS] state

  8. The role of terminal amino group and histidine at the fourth position in the metal ion binding of oligopeptides revisited: Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of glycyl-glycyl-glycyl-histamine and its N-Boc protected derivative.

    PubMed

    Jancsó, Attila; Selmeczi, Katalin; Gizzi, Patrick; Nagy, Nóra V; Gajda, Tamás; Henry, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) binding properties of two pseudo tetrapeptides, N-Boc-Gly-Gly-Gly-Histamine (BGGGHa) and Gly-Gly-Gly-Histamine (GGGHa) have been investigated by pH-potentiometric titrations, UV-visible-, EPR-, NMR- and ESI-HRMS (electrospray ionization high resolution MS) spectroscopies, in order to compare the role of N-terminal amino group and imidazole moiety at the fourth position in the complex formation processes. Substantially higher stabilities were determined for the ML complexes of GGGHa, compared to those of BGGGHa, supporting the coordination of the terminal amino group and the histamine imidazole of the non-protected ligand. A dimeric Cu(2)H(-2)L(2) species, formed through the deprotonation of peptide groups of the ligands, was found in the GGGHa-copper(II) system. Deprotonation and coordination of further amide nitrogens led to CuH(-2)L and, above pH~10, CuH(-3)L. Experimental data supports a {NH(2), 2 × N(amide),N(im)} macrochelate structure in CuH(-2)L whereas a {NH(2), 3 × N(amide)} coordination environment in CuH(-3)L. The first two amide deprotonation processes were found to be strongly cooperative with nickel(II) and spectroscopic studies proved the transformation of the octahedral parent complexes to square planar, yellow, diamagnetic species, NiH(-2)L and above pH~9, NiH(-3)L. In the basic pH-range deprotonation and coordination of the amide groups also took place in the BGGGHa containing systems, leading to complexes with a {3 × N(amide),N(im)} donor set, and in parallel the re-dissolving of precipitate. Above pH~11, a further proton release from the pyrrolic NH group of the imidazole ring of BGGGHa occurred providing an additional proof for the different binding modes of the two ligands.

  9. Synthesis, physico-chemical studies of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with some p-substituted acetophenone benzoylhydrazones and their antimicrobial activity.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vinod P; Singh, Shweta; Katiyar, Anshu

    2009-04-01

    Complexes of the type [M(pabh)(H2O)Cl], [M(pcbh)(H2O)Cl] and [M(Hpabh)(H2O)2 (SO4)] where, M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); Hpabh = p-amino acetophenone benzoyl hydrazone and Hpcbh = p-chloro acetophenone benzoyl hydrazone have been synthesized and characterized with the help of elemental analyses, electrical conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, electronic, ESR and IR spectra, thermal (TGA & DTA) and X-ray diffraction studies. Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) chloride complexes are square planar, whereas their sulfate complexes have spin-free octahedral geometry. ESR spectra of Cu(II) complexes with Hpabh are axial and suggest d(x(2)-y(2) as the ground state. The ligand is bidentate bonding through > C = N--and deprotonated enolate group in all the chloro complexes, whereas, >C = N and >C = O groups in all the sulfato complexes. Thermal studies (TGA & DTA) on [Cu(Hpabh)(H2O)2(SO4)] indicate a multistep decomposition pattern, which are both exothermic and endothermic in nature. X-ray powder diffraction parameters for [Co(pabh)(H2O)Cl] and [Ni(Hpabh)(H2O)2(SO4)] correspond to tetragonal and orthorhombic crystal lattices, respectively. The ligands as well as their complexes show a significant antifungal and antibacterial activity. The metal complexes are more active than the ligand.

  10. Syntheses, electronic structures, and EPR/UV-vis-NIR spectroelectrochemistry of nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes with a tetradentate ligand based on S-methylisothiosemicarbazide.

    PubMed

    Arion, Vladimir B; Rapta, Peter; Telser, Joshua; Shova, Sergiu S; Breza, Martin; Luspai, Karol; Kozisek, Jozef

    2011-04-04

    Template condensation of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde S-methylisothiosemicarbazone with pentane-2,4-dione and triethyl orthoformate at elevated temperatures resulted in metal complexes of the type M(II)L, where M = Ni and Cu and H(2)L = a novel tetradentate ligand. These complexes are relevant to the active site of the copper enzymes galactose oxidase and glyoxal oxidase. Demetalation of Ni(II)L with gaseous hydrogen chloride in chloroform afforded the metal-free ligand H(2)L. Then by the reaction of H(2)L with Zn(CH(3)COO)(2)·2H(2)O in a 1:1 molar ratio in 1:2 chloroform/methanol, the complex Zn(II)L(CH(3)OH) was prepared. The three metal complexes and the prepared ligand were characterized by spectroscopic methods (IR, UV-vis, and NMR spectroscopy), X-ray crystallography, and DFT calculations. Electrochemically generated one-electron oxidized metal complexes [NiL](+), [CuL](+), and [ZnL(CH(3)OH)](+) and the metal-free ligand cation radical [H(2)L](+•) were studied by EPR/UV-vis-NIR and DFT calculations. These studies demonstrated the interaction between the metal ion and the phenoxyl radical.

  11. Syntheses, electronic structures and EPR/UV–vis–NIR spectroelectrochemistry of nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes with a tetradentate ligand based on S-methylisothiosemicarbazide

    PubMed Central

    Arion, Vladimir B.; Rapta, Peter; Telser, Joshua; Shova, Sergiu S.; Breza, Martin; Lušpai, Karol; Kožišek, Jozef

    2011-01-01

    Template condensation of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde S-methylisothiosemicarbazone with pentane-2,4-dione and triethyl orthoformate at elevated temperature resulted in metal complexes of the type MIIL, where M = Ni, Cu and H2L = novel tetradentate organic ligand. These complexes are relevant to the active site of the copper enzymes galactose oxidase and glyoxal oxidase. Demetallation of NiIIL with gaseous hydrogen chloride in chloroform afforded the metal-free ligand H2L. Then by the reaction of H2L with Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O in 1:1 molar ratio in chloroform/methanol 1:2 the complex ZnIIL(CH3OH) was prepared. The three metal complexes and the prepared ligand were characterized by spectroscopic methods (IR, UV–vis and NMR spectroscopy), X-ray crystallography and DFT calculations. Electrochemically generated one-electron oxidized metal complexes [NiL]+, [CuL]+ and [ZnL(CH3OH)]+ and the metal-free ligand cation radical [H2L]+• were studied by EPR/UV–vis–NIR and DFT calculations. These studies demonstrated the interaction between the metal ion and the phenoxyl radical. PMID:21361344

  12. Synthesis, characterization, X-ray crystal structures and antibacterial activities of Schiff base ligands derived from allylamine and their vanadium(IV), cobalt(III), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amiri Rudbari, Hadi; Iravani, Mohammad Reza; Moazam, Vahid; Askari, Banafshe; Khorshidifard, Mahsa; Habibi, Neda; Bruno, Giuseppe

    2016-12-01

    A new Schiff base ligand, HL2, and four new Schiff base complexes, NiL12, PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22, have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. 1H and 13C NMR techniques were employed for characterization of the ligand (HL2) and the diamagnetic complexes (PdL12 and ZnL22). The molecular structures of PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22 complexes were determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The crystallographic data reveal that in these complexes the metal centers are four-coordinated by two phenolate oxygen and two imine nitrogen atoms of two Schiff base ligands. The geometry around the metal center in the PdL12 and NiL22 complexes is square-planar and for ZnL22 it is a distorted tetrahedral.In the end, five new (HL2, NiL12, PdL12, NiL22 and ZnL22) and six reported (HL1, VOL12, CoL13, CuL12, ZnL12 and Zn2L14) Schiff base compounds were tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as examples of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains, respectively, by disc diffusion method.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of dinuclear macrocyclic cobalt(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes derived from 2,2,2('),2(')-S,S[bis(bis-N,N-2-thiobenzimidazolyloxalato-1,2-ethane)]: DNA binding and cleavage studies.

    PubMed

    Arjmand, Farukh; Aziz, Mubashira

    2009-02-01

    New homodinuclear macrocyclic complexes of cobalt(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) were isolated from the newly synthesized ligand 2,2,2',2'-S,S[bis(bis-N,N-2-thiobenzimidazolyloxalato-1,2-ethane)]. The structures of the complexes were elucidated by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, electronic and ESI-MS spectroscopic techniques. In complex 1, Co(II) ions possess a tetrahedral coordination environment composed of O2S2 donor atoms while its Cu(II) and Zn(II) counterparts 2 and 3, respectively, reveal a six coordinate octahedral structure, defined by the O2S2 donors from the macrocyclic ring and two chloride ions. Molar conductance and spectroscopic data also support the proposed geometry of the complexes. DNA binding properties of complexes 1-3 were investigated using electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, viscosity measurements and cyclic voltammetry. The absorption spectra of complexes 2 and 3 with calf thymus DNA showed hypochromism, while complex 1 showed hyperchromism attributed to a partial intercalation and electrostatic binding modes, respectively. The intrinsic binding constant K(b) of complexes 1-3 were determined as 16.6 x 10(4) M(-1), 4.25 x 10(4) M(-1) and 3.0 x 10(4) M(-1), respectively. The decrease in the relative specific viscosity of calf thymus DNA with increasing concentration of the complexes authenticates the partial intercalation binding mode. Gel electrophoresis of complex 2 with plasmid DNA demonstrated that complex exhibits excellent "artificial" nuclease activity.

  14. Crystal structures of a copper(II) and the isotypic nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes of the ligand (E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri­bromo­phen­yl)diazen­yl]naphthalen-2-ol

    PubMed Central

    Chetioui, Souheyla; Rouag, Djamil-Azzeddine; Djukic, Jean-Pierre; Bochet, Christian G.; Touzani, Rachid; Bailly, Corinne; Crochet, Aurélien; Fromm, Katharina M.

    2016-01-01

    In the copper(II) complex, bis­{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri­bromo­phen­yl)diazen­yl]naph­thalen-2-olato}copper(II), [Cu(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (I), the metal cation is coord­inated by two N atoms and two O atoms from two bidentate (E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri­bromo­phen­yl)diazen­yl]naphthalen-2-olate ligands, forming a slightly distorted square-planar environment. In one of the ligands, the tri­bromo­benzene ring is inclined to the naphthalene ring system by 37.4 (5)°, creating a weak intra­molecular Cu⋯Br inter­action [3.134 (2) Å], while in the other ligand, the tri­bromo­benzene ring is inclined to the naphthalene ring system by 72.1 (6)°. In the isotypic nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes, namely bis­{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri­bromo­phen­yl)diazen­yl]naphthalen-2-olato}nickel(II), [Ni(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (II), and bis­{(E)-1-[(2,4,6-tri­bromo­phen­yl)diazen­yl]naphthalen-2-olato}palladium(II), [Pd(C16H8Br3N2O)2], (III), respectively, the metal atoms are located on centres of inversion, hence the metal coordination spheres have perfect square-planar geometries. The tri­bromo­benzene rings are inclined to the naphthalene ring systems by 80.79 (18)° in (II) and by 80.8 (3)° in (III). In the crystal of (I), mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds, forming chains along [010]. The chains are linked by C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming sheets parallel to (011). In the crystals of (II) and (III), mol­ecules are linked by C—H⋯π inter­actions, forming slabs parallel to (10-1). For the copper(II) complex (I), a region of disordered electron density was corrected for using the SQUEEZE routine in PLATON [Spek (2015 ▸). Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18]. The formula mass and unit-cell characteristics of the disordered solvent mol­ecules were not taken into account during refinement. PMID:27536389

  15. Cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of a hexadentate pyridine amide ligand. Effect of donor atom (ether vs. thioether) on coordination geometry, spin-state of cobalt and M(III)-M(II) redox potential.

    PubMed

    Pandey, Sharmila; Das, Partha Pratim; Singh, Akhilesh Kumar; Mukherjee, Rabindranath

    2011-10-28

    Using an acyclic hexadentate pyridine amide ligand, containing a -OCH(2)CH(2)O- spacer between two pyridine-2-carboxamide units (1,4-bis[o-(pyrydine-2-carboxamidophenyl)]-1,4-dioxabutane (H(2)L(9)), in its deprotonated form), four new complexes, [Co(II)(L(9))] (1) and its one-electron oxidized counterpart [Co(III)(L(9))][NO(3)]·2H(2)O (2), [Ni(II)(L(9))] (3) and [Cu(II)(L(9))] (4), have been synthesized. Structural analyses revealed that the Co(II) centre in 1 and the Ni(II) centre in 3 are six-coordinate, utilizing all the available donor sites and the Cu(II) centre in 4 is effectively five-coordinated (one of the ether O atoms does not participate in coordination). The structural parameters associated with the change in the metal coordination environment have been compared with corresponding complexes of thioether-containing hexadentate ligands. The μ(eff) values at 298 K of 1-4 correspond to S = 3/2, S = 0, S = 1 and S = 1/2, respectively. Absorption spectra for all the complexes have been investigated. EPR spectral properties of the copper(II) complex 4 have been investigated, simulated and analyzed. Cyclic voltammetric experiments in CH(2)Cl(2) reveal quasireversible Co(III)-Co(II), Ni(III)-Ni(II) and Cu(II)-Cu(I) redox processes. In going from ether O to thioether S coordination, the effect of the metal coordination environment on the redox potential values of Co(III)-Co(II) (here the effect of spin-state as well), Ni(III)-Ni(II) and Cu(II)-Cu(I) processes have been systematically analyzed.

  16. Nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of 9-[2- (phosphonomethoxy)ethyl]-8-azaadenine (9,8aPMEA), the 8-aza derivative of the antiviral nucleotide analogue 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl] adenine (PMEA). Quantification of four isomeric species in aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Coca, Raquel B; Holý, Antonín; Vilaplana, Rosario A; González-Vílchez, Francisco; Sigel, Helmut

    2004-01-01

    The acidity constants of the twofold protonated acyclic nucleotide analogue 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)- ethyl]-8-azaadenine, H(2)(9,8aPMEA)(+/-), as well as the stability constants of the M(H;9,8aPMEA)(+) and M(9,8aPMEA) complexes with the metal ions M(2+) =Ni(2+), Cu(2+) or Zn(2+), have been determined by potentiometric pH titrations in aqueous solution at I=0.1 M (NaNO(3)) and 25. The result for the release of the first proton from H(2)(9,8aPMEA)(+) (pK(a)= 2.73), which originates from the (N1)H(+) site, was confirmed by UV-spectrophotometric measurements. Application of previously determined straight-line plots of log KMM(R-PO(3)) versus PKH(3)(R-HPO(3))' for simple phosph(on)ate ligands, R- PO-, where R represents a residue without an affinity for metal ions, proves that the primary binding site of 9,8aPMEA(2-) is the phosphonate group for all three metal ions studied. By stability constant comparisons with related ligands it is shown, in agreement with conclusions reached earlier for the Cu(PMEA) system [PMEA(2-)=dianion of 9-[2- (phosphonomethoxy)ethyl]adenine], that in total four different isomers are in equilibrium with each other, i.e. (i) an open isomer with a sole phosphonate coordination, M(PA)(op), where PA(2-)=PMEA(2-)or 9,8aPMEA(2-), (ii) an isomer with a 5-membered chelate involving the ether oxygen, M(PA)cl/o, (iii) an isomer which contains 5- and 7-membered chelates formed by coordination of the phosphonate group, the ether oxygen and the N3 site of the adenine residue, M(PA)(cl/O/N3), and finally (iv) a macrochelated isomer involving N7, M(PA)(cl/]N7). The Cu(2+) systems of PMEA(2-) and 9,8aPMEA(2-) behave quite alike; the formation degrees for Cu(PA)(op), CuM(PA)(cl/O), Cu(PA)(cl/O/N3) and Cu(PA)(cl/N3) are approximately 16, 32, 45 and 7%, respectively, which shows that Cu(PA)(cl/N7) is a minority species. In the Ni(2+) and Zn(2+) systems the open isomer is the dominating one followed by M(PA)(cl/O), but there are indications that the other two isomers also occur to some extent.

  17. Zinc(II) Thiosemicarbazone Complex As a Ligand Towards Some Transition Metal Ions: Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Antimicrobial Studies.

    PubMed

    Khalil, Saied M E; Shebl, Magdy; Al-Gohani, Faizah S

    2010-09-01

    Heterobinuclear complexes have been synthesized by stepwise reactions using the mononuclear complex, [Zn(Tsc)2] • H2O, as a complex ligand towards the metal ions, vanadyl(IV), manganese(II), iron(III), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II). The complex ligand was synthesized by the reaction of zinc acetate dihydrate with salicylaldehyde followed by the condensation with thiosemicarbazide. The structures of the complex ligand and the prepared complexes were elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, electronic, mass, 1H and 13C NMR spectra as well as molar conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. All the complexes exhibited octahedral geometrical arrangements formulated as [Zn(Tsc)2VO(SO4)(H2O)], [Zn(Tsc)2MCl2(H2O)2] (M = Mn, Fe and Co) and [Zn(Tsc)2Fe(ox)Cl2] except the nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes, [Zn(Tsc)2CuCl(H2O)], [Zn(Tsc)2NiCl2], which have square planar geometries. The complex ligand and some of its heterobinuclear complexes showed antibacterial activity against the sensitive organisms Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria, Escherichia coli as Gram-negative bacteria and antifungal activity against the fungi Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavus.

  18. STUDIES ON BIOSORPTION OF ZINC(II) AND COPPER(II) ON DESULFOVIBRIO DESULFURICANS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The objectives of thes studies are to determine the equilibrium concentration and kinetics of metal sorption on sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) isolates. Adsorption establishes the net reversible cellular metal uptake and is related to SRB metal toxicity and the effects of enviro...

  19. Nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes with humic acid anions and their derivatives

    SciTech Connect

    Ryabova, I.N.

    2008-01-15

    Complexation of Ni(II) and Cu(II) in aqueous solutions with anions of humic acids, extracted from naturally oxidized coal, and with their hydroxymethyl derivatives is studied spectrophotometrically and potentiometrically. The complexation stoichiometry and the stability constants of the complexes are determined.

  20. Synthesis, characterization and cyclic voltammetric study of copper(II) and nickel(II) polymer chelates.

    PubMed

    Azmeera, Venkanna; Rastogi, Pankaj Kumar; Adhikary, Pubali; Ganesan, Vellaichamy; Krishnamoorthi, S

    2014-09-22

    Graft copolymers based on dextran (Dx) and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulphonic acid (AMPS) were synthesized by free radical initiated solution polymerization technique using ceric ammonium nitrate as initiator. These graft copolymers were used to prepare Cu(II) and Ni(II) chelates by reactions with Cu(II) and Ni(II) metal ions respectively. Graft copolymer and metal chelates were characterized by elemental analysis, intrinsic viscosity, FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). Elemental analysis, intrinsic viscosity and FT-IR studies revealed the incorporation of metal ions to form metal chelates. SEM studies showed the change in morphology due to metal incorporation. From AFM studies it was observed that there was increase in Root mean square (RMS) roughness values in case of metal complexes. Metal chelates were observed to be thermally more stable than graft copolymer from TGA. UV-vis spectroscopy study revealed increase in absorbance values and cyclic voltammetric (CV) studies showed more than tenfold increase in redox current due to formation of Cu(II) and Ni(II) metal chelates. The binding constants of each complex determined by using UV-visible spectroscopy revealed that Cu(II) has more binding ability than Ni(II).

  1. Electronic structure of nickel(II) and zinc(II) borohydrides from spectroscopic measurements and computational modeling.

    PubMed

    Desrochers, Patrick J; Sutton, Christopher A; Abrams, Micah L; Ye, Shengfa; Neese, Frank; Telser, Joshua; Ozarowski, Andrew; Krzystek, J

    2012-03-05

    The previously reported Ni(II) complex, Tp*Ni(κ(3)-BH(4)) (Tp* = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate anion), which has an S = 1 spin ground state, was studied by high-frequency and -field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) spectroscopy as a solid powder at low temperature, by UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy in the solid state and in solution at room temperature, and by paramagnetic (11)B NMR. HFEPR provided its spin Hamiltonian parameters: D = 1.91(1) cm(-1), E = 0.285(8) cm(-1), g = [2.170(4), 2.161(3), 2.133(3)]. Similar, but not identical parameters were obtained for its borodeuteride analogue. The previously unreported complex, Tp*Zn(κ(2)-BH(4)), was prepared, and IR and NMR spectroscopy allowed its comparison with analogous closed shell borohydride complexes. Ligand-field theory was used to model the electronic transitions in the Ni(II) complex successfully, although it was less successful at reproducing the zero-field splitting (zfs) parameters. Advanced computational methods, both density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio wave function based approaches, were applied to these Tp*MBH(4) complexes to better understand the interaction between these metals and borohydride ion. DFT successfully reproduced bonding geometries and vibrational behavior of the complexes, although it was less successful for the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the open shell Ni(II) complex. These were instead best described using ab initio methods. The origin of the zfs in Tp*Ni(κ(3)-BH(4)) is described and shows that the relatively small magnitude of D results from several spin-orbit coupling (SOC) interactions of large magnitude, but with opposite sign. Spin-spin coupling (SSC) is also shown to be significant, a point that is not always appreciated in transition metal complexes. Overall, a picture of bonding and electronic structure in open and closed shell late transition metal borohydrides is provided, which has implications for the use of these complexes in catalysis and hydrogen storage.

  2. Enhancing the Photostability of Arylvinylenebipyridyl Compounds as Fluorescent Indicators for Intracellular Zinc(II) Ions

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Zhao; Younes, Ali H.; Allen, John R.; Davidson, Michael W.; Zhu, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Arylvinylenebipyridyl (AVB) ligands are bright, zinc(II)-sensitive fluoroionophores. The applicability of AVBs as fluorescent indicators for imaging cellular zinc(II), however, is limited by low photostability, partially attributable to the photoisomerization of the vinylene functionality. Two configurationally immobilized (i.e., “locked”) AVB analogues are prepared in this work. The zinc(II)-sensitive photophysical properties and zinc(II) affinities of both AVBs and their locked analogues are characterized in organic and aqueous media. The zinc(II) sensitivity of the emission is attributed to the zinc(II)-dependent energies of the charge transfer excited states of these compounds. The configurationally locked ligands have improved photostability, while maintaining the brightness and zinc(II) sensibility of their AVB progenitors. The feasibility of the “locked” AVB analogues with improved photostability for imaging intracellular Zn(II) of eukaryotic cells using laser confocal fluorescence microscopy is demonstrated. PMID:25942357

  3. In vitro DNA binding studies of the sweetening agent saccharin and its copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Icsel, Ceyda; Yilmaz, Veysel T

    2014-01-05

    The interactions of fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA) with the sodium salt of sweetener saccharin (sacH) and its copper and zinc complexes, namely [M(sac)2(H2O)4]·2H2O (M=Cu(II) or Zn(II)) were studied by using UV-Vis titration, fluorometric competition, thermal denaturation, viscosity and gel electrophoresis measurements. The intrinsic binding constants (Kb) obtained from absorption titrations were estimated to be 2.86 (±0.06)×10(4)M(-1) for Na(sac), 6.67 (±0.12)×10(4)M(-1) for Cu-sac and 4.01 (±0.08)×10(4)M(-1) for Zn-sac. The Cu-sac complex binds to FS-DNA via intercalation with a KA value of 50.12 (±0.22)×10(4)M(-1) as evidenced by competitive binding studies with ethidium bromide. Moreover, competition experiments with Hoechst 33258 are indicative of a groove binding mode of Na(sac) and Zn-sac with binding constants of 3.13 (±0.16)×10(4)M(-1) and 5.25 (±0.22)×10(4)M(-1), respectively. The spectroscopic measurements indicate a moderate DNA binding affinity of Na(sac) and its metal complexes. The suggested binding modes are further confirmed by the thermal denaturation and viscosity measurements. In addition, Cu-sac and Zn-sac show weak ability to damage to pBR322 supercoiled plasmid DNA.

  4. Heteroleptic bis(dipyrrinato)copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Toyoda, Ryojun; Tsuchiya, Mizuho; Sakamoto, Ryota; Matsuoka, Ryota; Wu, Kuo-Hui; Hattori, Yohei; Nishihara, Hiroshi

    2015-09-14

    Heteroleptic bis(dipyrrinato)copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes are synthesized. Their structures are determined by X-ray diffraction analysis, and their properties are investigated by using cyclic voltammetry, chronocoulometry, and UV/vis absorption spectroscopy.

  5. Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, characterization and biological activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prathima, B.; Subba Rao, Y.; Adinarayana Reddy, S.; Reddy, Y. P.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2010-09-01

    Benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligand (L) has been synthesized from benzyloxybenzaldehyde and 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazide. Complexes of this ligand with chlorides of Cu(II) and Ni(II) have been prepared. The structure of the ligand (L) is proposed based on elemental analysis, IR and 1H NMR spectra. Its complexes with Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions are characterized from the studies of electronic as well as EPR spectra. On the basis of electronic and EPR studies, rhombically distorted octahedral structure has been proposed for Cu(II) complex while the Ni(II) complex has been found to acquire an octahedral structure. The ligand and their metal complexes have been tested in vitro for their biological effects. Their antibacterial activities against Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and Gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) have been investigated. The prepared metal complexes exhibit higher antibacterial activities than the parent ligand. The in vitro antioxidant activity of free ligand and its metal(II) complexes have also been investigated and the results however reveal that the ligand exhibits greater antioxidant activity than its complexes.

  6. Syntheses, characterizations and structures of NO donor Schiff base ligands and nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şenol, Cemal; Hayvali, Zeliha; Dal, Hakan; Hökelek, Tuncer

    2011-06-01

    New Schiff base derivatives ( L 1 and L 2) were prepared by the condensation of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde ( o-vanillin) and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde ( iso-vanillin) with 5-methylfurfurylamine. Two new complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] have been synthesized with bidentate NO donor Schiff base ligand ( L 1). The Ni(II) and Cu(II) atoms in each complex are four coordinated in a square planar geometry. Schiff bases ( L 1 and L 2) and complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] were characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR, UV-vis, mass and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structures of the ligand ( L 2) and complexes [Ni(L 1) 2] and [Cu(L 1) 2] have also been determined by using X-ray crystallographic technique.

  7. Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, characterization and biological activity.

    PubMed

    Prathima, B; Subba Rao, Y; Adinarayana Reddy, S; Reddy, Y P; Varada Reddy, A

    2010-09-15

    Benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligand (L) has been synthesized from benzyloxybenzaldehyde and 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazide. Complexes of this ligand with chlorides of Cu(II) and Ni(II) have been prepared. The structure of the ligand (L) is proposed based on elemental analysis, IR and (1)H NMR spectra. Its complexes with Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions are characterized from the studies of electronic as well as EPR spectra. On the basis of electronic and EPR studies, rhombically distorted octahedral structure has been proposed for Cu(II) complex while the Ni(II) complex has been found to acquire an octahedral structure. The ligand and their metal complexes have been tested in vitro for their biological effects. Their antibacterial activities against Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) have been investigated. The prepared metal complexes exhibit higher antibacterial activities than the parent ligand. The in vitro antioxidant activity of free ligand and its metal(II) complexes have also been investigated and the results however reveal that the ligand exhibits greater antioxidant activity than its complexes.

  8. Biosorption of lead(II), cadmium(II), copper(II) and nickel(II) by anaerobic granular biomass.

    PubMed

    Hawari, Alaa H; Mulligan, Catherine N

    2006-03-01

    Biosorption is potentially an attractive technology for treatment of wastewater for retaining heavy metals from dilute solutions. This study investigated the feasibility of anaerobic granules as a novel type of biosorbent, for lead, copper, cadmium, and nickel removal from aqueous solutions. Anaerobic sludge supplied from a wastewater treatment plant in the province of Quebec was used. Anaerobic granules are microbial aggregates with a strong, compact and porous structure and excellent settling ability. After treatment of the biomass with Ca ions, the cation exchange capacity of the biomass was approximately 111 meq/100 g of biomass dry weight which is comparable to the metal binding capacities of commercial ion exchange resins. This work investigated the equilibrium, batch dynamics for the biosorption process. Binding capacity experiments using viable biomass revealed a higher value than those for nonviable biomass. Binding capacity experiments using non-viable biomass treated with Ca revealed a high value of metals uptake. The solution initial pH value affected metal sorption. Over the pH range of 4.0-5.5, pH-related effects were not significant. Meanwhile, at lower pH values the uptake capacity decreased. Time dependency experiments for the metal ions uptake showed that adsorption equilibrium was reached almost 30 min after metal addition. It was found that the q(max) for Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ ions, were 255, 60, 55, and 26 mg/g respectively (1.23, 0.53, 0.87, and 0.44 mmol/g respectively). The data pertaining to the sorption dependence upon metal ion concentration could be fitted to a Langmiur isotherm model. Based on the results, the anaerobic granules treated with Ca appear to be a promising biosorbent for removal of heavy metals from wastewater due to its optimal uptake of heavy metals, its particulate shape, compact porous structure, excellent settling ability, and its high mechanical strength.

  9. Selective separation of copper(II) and nickel(II) from aqueous media using the complexation-ultrafiltration process.

    PubMed

    Molinari, Raffaele; Poerio, Teresa; Argurio, Pietro

    2008-01-01

    The polyethylenimine (PEI) as complexing agent was used to study the complexation-ultrafiltration (CP-UF) process in the selective removal of Cu(II) from Ni(II) contained in aqueous media. Preliminary tests showed that optimal chemical conditions for Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexation by the PEI polymer were pH>6.0 and 8.0, respectively, and polymer/metal weight ratio of 3.0 and 6.0, respectively. The effect of some important operating parameters on process selectivity was studied by performing UF tests at different parameters: pH, polymer/metal weight ratio, transmembrane pressure (TMP), and membrane cut-off in a batch experimental set-up. It was observed that process selectivity was achieved by choosing the pH value for obtaining a preferential copper complexation (pH 6.0), and the polymer/metal ratio needed to bound only the copper ion (3.0). The selective separation by UF tests was performed by using both a laboratory aqueous solution and a real aqueous effluent (water from Emoli torrent, Rende (CS)). The Iris 30 membrane at TMP of 200 kPa (2 bar) for both aqueous media gave the best results. A complete nickel recovery was reached, and copper recovery was the highest for this membrane (94% and 92%). Besides at this pressure, a lower water amount was needed to obtain total nickel recovery by diafiltration. A little higher membrane fouling was obtained by using the river effluent due to the presence of dissolved organic and inorganic matter.

  10. Hydrolytic cleavage of DNA by quercetin zinc(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Jun, Tan; Bochu, Wang; Liancai, Zhu

    2007-03-01

    Quercetin zinc(II) complex was investigated focusing on its hydrolytic activity toward DNA. The complex successfully promotes the cleavage of plasmid DNA, producing single and double DNA strand breaks. The amount of conversion of supercoiled form (SC) of plasmid to the nicked circular form (NC) depends on the concentration of the complex as well as the duration of incubation of the complex with DNA. The rate of conversion of SC to NC is 1.68x10(-4) s(-1) at pH 7.2 in the presence of 100 microM of the complex. The hydrolytic cleavage of DNA by the complex is supported by the evidence from free radical quenching, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) assay, and T4 ligase ligation.

  11. L- and D-proline thiosemicarbazone conjugates: coordination behavior in solution and the effect of copper(II) coordination on their antiproliferative activity.

    PubMed

    Milunovic, Miljan N M; Enyedy, Éva A; Nagy, Nóra V; Kiss, Tamás; Trondl, Robert; Jakupec, Michael A; Keppler, Bernhard K; Krachler, Regina; Novitchi, Ghenadie; Arion, Vladimir B

    2012-09-03

    Two enantiomerically pure thiosemicarbazone-proline conjugates with enhanced aqueous solubility, namely, 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-5-methylbenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone [L-Pro-STSC or (S)-H(2)L] and 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-(R)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-5-methylbenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone [D-Pro-STSC or (R)-H(2)L] have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods (UV-vis and (1)H and (13)C NMR), and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The metal complexation behavior of L-Pro-STSC, stoichiometry, and thermodynamic stability of iron(II), iron(III), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes in 30% (w/w) dimethyl sulfoxide/H(2)O solvent mixture have been studied by pH-potentiometric, UV-vis-spectrophotometric, circular dichroism, electron paramagnetic resonance, (1)H NMR spectroscopic, and spectrofluorimetric measurements. By the reaction of CuCl(2)·2H(2)O with (S)-H(2)L and (R)-H(2)L, respectively, the complexes [Cu[(S)-H(2)L]Cl]Cl and [Cu[(R)-H(2)L]Cl]Cl have been prepared and comprehensively characterized. An X-ray diffraction study of [Cu[(R)-H(2)L]Cl]Cl showed the formation of a square-planar copper(II) complex, which builds up stacks with interplanar separation of 3.3 Å. The antiproliferative activity of two chiral ligands and their corresponding copper(II) complexes has been tested in two human cancer cell lines, namely, SW480 (colon carcinoma) and CH1 (ovarian carcinoma). The thiosemicarbazone-proline conjugates L- and D-Pro-STSC show only moderate cytotoxic potency with IC(50) values of 62 and 75 μM, respectively, in CH1 cells and >100 μM in SW480 cells. However, the corresponding copper(II) complexes are 13 and 5 times more potent in CH1 cells, based on a comparison of IC(50) values, and in SW480 cells the increase in the antiproliferative activity is even higher. In both tested cell lines, L-Pro-STSC as well as its copper(II) complex show slightly stronger antiproliferative activity than the

  12. Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of peripherally tetra-aldazine substituted novel metal free phthalocyanine and its zinc(II) and nickel(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Bayrak, Rıza; Dumludağ, Fatih; Akçay, Hakkı Türker; Değirmencioğlu, İsmail

    2013-03-15

    The novel phthalonitrile containing azine segment and its corresponding tetra aldazine substituted metal free- and metallo-phthalocyanines (Zn(II) and Ni(II)) were synthesized and characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, Mass, UV-Vis spectroscopy and elemental analysis and addition to these techniques for substituted phthalonitrile (13)C NMR have been used. In addition, dc and ac electrical properties of the films of these novel phthalocyanines were investigated as a function of temperature (295-523 K) and frequency (40-10(5)Hz). Activation energy values of the films of the phthalocyanines were calculated from straight portions of the Arrhenius plot (lnσ(dc)-1/T curves) as 0.70 eV, 0.93 eV and 0.91 eV for the films of metal free, nickel- and zinc-phthalocyanines, respectively. From impedance spectroscopy measurements, it is observed that bulk resistance decreases with increasing temperature indicating semiconductor property.

  13. Tracing of intracellular zinc(II) fluorescence flux to monitor cell apoptosis by using FluoZin-3AM.

    PubMed

    Li, Yi-Ming; Shi, Jing; Wu, Xu; Luo, Zhao-Feng; Wang, Feng-Liang; Guo, Qing-Xiang

    2009-10-01

    Changes in the free zinc(II) concentration are closely related to cell proliferation and apoptosis, especially during the early apoptotic process. In the present paper, we demonstrated that zinc(II) probe FluoZin-3AM owns sensitive properties to distinguish different stages of apoptotic cell (induced by an anticancer agent, etoposide) according to trace intracellular zinc(II) fluorescence flux. When apoptosis in HeLa or K562 cells was artificially induced, FluoZin-3AM selectively and strongly stained apoptotic cells only at early and middle stages, which was attributed to significantly increased free zinc(II) flux during these stages. This conclusion was further verified by comparing it with the conventional apoptosis detector probe Annexin-V-FITC and PI. Furthermore, FluoZin-3AM was found cell permeable to detect the intracellular zinc(II) fluorescence enhancement to threefolds within 120 s with low cytotoxicity when zinc(II) was incorporated into the cell by zinc(II) ionophore pyrithione. All the above implied that monitoring intracellular zinc fluorescence flux was an effective method to distinguish cell apoptosis from necrosis, and FluoZin-3AM was found to be a suitable probe acting alone to fulfill the work.

  14. Ultrasonic synthesis of two new zinc(II) bipyridine coordination polymers: New precursors for preparation of zinc(II) oxide nano-particles.

    PubMed

    Fard, Mohammad Jaafar Soltanian; Hayati, Payam; Firoozadeh, Azita; Janczak, Jan

    2017-03-01

    Nanoparticles of two zinc(II) coordination polymers (CPs), [Zn(μ-4,4'-bipy)Cl2]n (1) and [Zn(μ-4,4'-bipy)Br2]n (2) L=bpy=4,4'-bipyridine ligand, have been synthesized by use of a sonochemical process and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectroscopy and elemental analyses. The single crystal X-ray data of compounds 1 and 2 imply that the Zn(+2) ions are four coordinated. Topological analysis shows that 1D coordination networks of 1 and 2 can be classified as underlying nets of topological types 2C1. Nanoparticles of zinc(II) oxide have been prepared by calcination of two different zinc (II) CPs at 450°C that were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and IR spectroscopy.

  15. Optical and thermal properties of nickel(II) hydrazone complex for recordable blu-ray storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zhimin; Wu, Yiqun; Gu, Donghong; Gan, Fuxi

    2009-08-01

    A nickel(II) hydrazone complex was synthesized in order to obtain a suitable optical recording medium for the new generation recordable blu-ray disk. Smooth thin films of the nickel(II) hydrazone complex were prepared by using the spin-coating method. Absorption and reflectance spectra of the thin films were evaluated in the wavelength 300-700 nm. Thermal properties of the nickel(II) complex were investigated by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Optical constants (complex refractive indices N=n+ik) and thickness of the thin film, prepared on single-crystal silicon substrate, were investigated on a rotating analyzer-polarizer scanning ellipsometer in the wavelength 285-705 nm. In addition, in order to examine its possible use as a blu-ray recording medium, the spin-coated film of the nickel(II) complex was prepared on K9 glass substrate with a silver reflective layer, and was studied by static optical recording testing system with a 406.7 nm laser. It is found that the absorption spectra of the thin film has an strong absorption band in the wavelength region 360-420 nm and a moderate absorbance at the 405 nm side, which indicates that the absorption of the film is well matched with the laser wavelength of the 405 nm. The reflectance spectra show that a high reflectivity of the thin film at 405 nm wavelength can be obtained by an optimum film thickness and an appropriate metal reflective layer. The thin film of the nickel(II) complex gives a high n value of 1.62 and a low k value of 0.33, corresponding to the wavelength of the blue laser of 405 nm. Measurements of the thermal properties show that the nickel(II) complex holds a high thermal stability (~ 300 °C) and a sharp weight loss which are helpful to fabricate a small and sharp recording mark edge. The results of the static optical recording test, using the nickel(II) complex thin film as the recording layer, demonstrate that high reflectivity contrast (>50 %) can be obtained at

  16. Removal of nickel(II) from aqueous solution by Vigna unguiculata (cowpea) pods biomass.

    PubMed

    Guyo, Upenyu; Sibanda, Kudakwashe; Sebata, Edith; Chigondo, Fidelis; Moyo, Mambo

    2016-01-01

    The potential to remove nickel(II) ions from aqueous solution using a biosorbent prepared from Vigna unguiculata pods (VUPs) was investigated in batch experiments. The batch mode experiments were conducted utilising the independent variables of pH (2 to 8), contact time (5 to 120 min), dosage concentration (0.2 to 1.6 g), nickel(II) concentrations (10 to 80 mg L(-1)) and temperature (20 to 50°C). The biosorption data fitted best to the Freundlich biosorption model with a correlation coefficient (R(2)) of 0.993 and lowest chi-squared value of 31.89. The maximum sorption capacity of the VUP for nickel(II) was 27.70 mg g(-1). Kinetics studies revealed that the biosorption process followed the pseudo-second-order model as it had the lowest sum of square error value (0.808) and correlation coefficient close to unity (R(2) = 0.998). The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed that the biosorption process was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic. Consequently, the study demonstrated that VUP biomass could be used as a biosorbent for the removal of nickel(II) from aqueous solution.

  17. Antibacterial and antifungal metal based triazole Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Chohan, Zahid H; Hanif, Muhammad

    2013-10-01

    A new series of four biologically active triazole derived Schiff base ligands (L(1)-L(4)) and their cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes (1-16) have been synthesized and characterized. The ligands were prepared by the condensation reaction of 3-amino-5-methylthio-1H-1,2,4-triazole with chloro-, bromo- and nitro-substituted 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde in an equimolar ratio. The antibacterial and antifungal bioactivity data showed the metal(II) complexes to be more potent antibacterial and antifungal than the parent Schiff bases against one or more bacterial and fungal species.

  18. Metal-based new sulfonamides: Design, synthesis, antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic properties.

    PubMed

    Chohan, Zahid H; Shad, Hazoor A

    2012-06-01

    Cobalt(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) metal complexes with 5-chlorosalicyladehyde derived Schiff base sulfonamides have been synthesized and characterized. Structure and bonding nature of all the synthesized compounds have been deduced from physical, analytical, and spectral (IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, Mass, electronic) data. An octahedral geometry has been proposed for all the metal complexes. The ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic properties and results are reported.

  19. Binding of transition metal ions [cobalt, copper, nickel and zinc] with furanyl-, thiophenyl-, pyrrolyl-, salicylyl- and pyridyl-derived cephalexins as potent antibacterial agents.

    PubMed

    Chohan, Zahid H; Pervez, Humayun; Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Rauf, A; Supuran, Claudiu T

    2004-02-01

    A method is described for the preparation of novel cephalexin-derived furanyl-, thiophenyl-, pyrrolyl-, salicylyl- and pyridyl-containing compounds showing potent antibacterial activity. The binding of these newly synthesized antibacterial agents with metal ions such as cobalt(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) has been studied and their inhibitory properties against various bacterial species such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae are also reported. These results suggest that metal ions to possess an important role in the designing of metal-based antibacterials and that such complexes are more effective against infectious diseases compared to the uncomplexed drugs.

  20. Macrocyclic nickel(II) complexes: Synthesis, characterization, superoxide scavenging activity and DNA-binding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramadan, Abd El-Motaleb M.

    2012-05-01

    A new series of nickel(II) complexes with the tetraaza macrocyclic ligand have been synthesized as possible functional models for nickel-superoxide dismutase enzyme. The reaction of 5-amino-3-methyl-1-phenylpyrazole-4-carbaldehyde (AMPC) with itself in the presence of nickel(II) ion yields, the new macrocyclic cationic complex, [NiL(NO3)2], containing a ligand composed of the self-condensed AMPC (4 mol) bound to a single nickel(II) ion. A series of metathetical reactions have led to the isolation of a number of newly complexes of the types [NiL]X2; X = ClO4 and BF4, [NiLX2], X = Cl and Br (Scheme 1). Structures and characterizations of these complexes were achieved by several physicochemical methods namely, elemental analysis, magnetic moment, conductivity, and spectral (IR and UV-Vis) measurements. The electrochemical properties and thermal behaviors of these chelates were investigated by using cyclic voltammetry and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and DTG) techniques. A distorted octahedral stereochemistry has been proposed for the six-coordinate nitrato, and halogeno complexes. For the four-coordinate, perchlorate and fluoroborate, complex species a square-planar geometry is proposed. The measured superoxide dismutase mimetic activities of the complexes indicated that they are potent NiSOD mimics and their activities are compared with those obtained previously for nickel(II) complexes. The probable mechanistic implications of the catalytic dismutation of O2rad - by the synthesized nickel(II) complexes are discussed. The DNA-binding properties of representative complexes [NiLCl2] and [NiL](PF4)2 have been investigated by the electronic absorption and fluorescence measurements. The results obtained suggest that these complexes bind to DNA via an intercalation binding mode and the binding affinity for DNA follows the order: [NiLCl2] □ [NiL](PF4)2.

  1. Mixed metal copper(II)-nickel(II) and copper(II)-zinc(II) complexes of multihistidine peptide fragments of human prion protein.

    PubMed

    Jószai, Viktória; Turi, Ildikó; Kállay, Csilla; Pappalardo, Giuseppe; Di Natale, Giuseppe; Rizzarelli, Enrico; Sóvágó, Imre

    2012-07-01

    Mixed metal copper(II)-nickel(II) and copper(II)-zinc(II) complexes of four peptide fragments of human prion protein have been studied by potentiometric, UV-vis and circular dichroism spectroscopic techniques. One peptide contained three histidyl residues: HuPrP(84-114) with H85 inside and H96, H111 outside the octarepeat domain. The other three peptides contained two histidyl residues; H96 and H111 for HuPrP(91-115) and HuPrP(84-114)H85A while HuPrP(84-114)H96A contained the histidyl residues at positions 85 and 111. It was found that both histidines of the latter peptides can simultaneously bind copper(II) and nickel(II) ions and dinuclear mixed metal complexes can exist in slightly alkaline solution. One molecule of the peptide with three histidyl residues can bind two copper(II) and one nickel(II) ions. H85 and H111 were identified as the major copper(II) and H96 as the preferred nickel(II) binding sites in mixed metal species. The studies on the zinc(II)-PrP peptide binary systems revealed that zinc(II) ions can coordinate to the 31-mer PrP peptide fragments in the form of macrochelates with two or three coordinated imidazol-nitrogens but the low stability of these complexes cannot prevent the hydrolysis of the metal ion in slightly alkaline solution. These data provide further support for the outstanding affinity of copper(II) ions towards the peptide fragments of prion protein but the binding of nickel(II) can significantly modify the distribution of copper(II) among the available metal binding sites.

  2. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate-zinc(II) and -copper(II) complexes induce apoptosis in tumor cells by inhibiting the proteasomal activity

    SciTech Connect

    Milacic, Vesna; Chen Di; Giovagnini, Lorena; Diez, Alejandro; Fregona, Dolores; Dou, Q. Ping

    2008-08-15

    Zinc and copper are trace elements essential for proper folding, stabilization and catalytic activity of many metalloenzymes in living organisms. However, disturbed zinc and copper homeostasis is reported in many types of cancer. We have previously demonstrated that copper complexes induced proteasome inhibition and apoptosis in cultured human cancer cells. In the current study we hypothesized that zinc complexes could also inhibit the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like activity responsible for subsequent apoptosis induction. We first showed that zinc(II) chloride was able to inhibit the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with an IC{sub 50} value of 13.8 {mu}M, which was less potent than copper(II) chloride (IC{sub 50} 5.3 {mu}M). We then compared the potencies of a pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PyDT)-zinc(II) complex and a PyDT-copper(II) complex to inhibit cellular proteasomal activity, suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in various human breast and prostate cancer cell lines. Consistently, zinc complex was less potent than copper complex in inhibiting the proteasome and inducing apoptosis. Additionally, zinc and copper complexes appear to use somewhat different mechanisms to kill tumor cells. Zinc complexes were able to activate calpain-, but not caspase-3-dependent pathway, while copper complexes were able to induce activation of both proteases. Furthermore, the potencies of these PyDT-metal complexes depend on the nature of metals and also on the ratio of PyDT to the metal ion within the complex, which probably affects their stability and availability for interacting with and inhibiting the proteasome in tumor cells.

  3. Sonochemical synthesis and characterization of three nano zinc(II) coordination polymers; Precursors for preparation of zinc(II) oxide nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Marandi, Farzin; Hashemi, Lida; Morsali, Ali; Krautscheid, Harald

    2016-09-01

    Nanostructures of three Zinc(II) coordination polymers, [Zn(NNO)2(H2O)4]n (1), [Zn(PNNO)2(H2O)2]n (2) and [Zn(H2O)6]·(INNO)2 (3) {NNO: Nicotinic acid N-oxide, PNNO: Picolinic acid N-oxide and INNO: Isonicotinic acid N-oxide}, have been synthesized by a sonochemical process and reaction of ligands with Zn(CH3COO)2. The Zinc(II) oxide nano-particles have been synthesized from thermolysis of [Zn(NNO)2(H2O)4]n (1), [Zn(PNNO)2(H2O)2]n (2) and [Zn(H2O)6]·(INNO)2 (3) at two different methods (with surfactant and without surfactant) and two temperatures (200 and 600°C). The ZnO nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Comparison of the SEM images of ZnO nano-particles at two different methods and temperatures shows that higher temperature results in an increasing of agglomeration and thus small and spherical ZnO particles with good separation were produced by thermolysis of compounds at 200°C and by use of surfactant.

  4. Polymers containing nickel(II) complexes of Goedken's macrocycle: optimized synthesis and electrochemical characterization.

    PubMed

    Paquette, Joseph A; Sauvé, Ethan R; Gilroy, Joe B

    2015-04-01

    The synthesis and characterization of a new class of nickel-containing polymers is described. The optimized copolymerization of alkyne-bearing nickel(II) complexes of Goedken's macrocycle (4,11-dihydro-5,7,12,14-tetramethyldibenzo[b,i][1,4,8,11]tetraazacyclotetradecine) and brominated 9,9-dihexylfluorene produced polymers with potential application as functional redox-active materials. The title polymers exhibit electrochemically reversible, ligand-centered oxidation events at 0.24 and 0.73 V versus the ferrocene/ferrocenium redox couple. They also display exceptional thermal stability and interesting absorption properties due to the presence of the macrocyclic nickel(II) complexes and π-conjugated units incorporated in their backbones.

  5. Two new oximate-bridged square-planar dinuclear nickel(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Bera, Manindranath; Noll, Bruce C

    2007-12-01

    The synthesis and characterization of two new dinuclear nickel(II) complexes, namely bis{mu-3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethylimino]butan-2-one oximato}dinickel(II) bis(perchlorate) acetonitrile solvate, [Ni2(C8H16N3O)2](ClO4)2 x CH3CN, (I), and bis{mu-3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethylimino]-3-phenylpropan-2-one oximato}dinickel(II) bis(perchlorate), [Ni2(C13H18N3O)2](ClO4)2, (II), are reported. Single-crystal X-ray analyses of the complexes reveal that the nickel(II) ions are in square-planar N3O environments and form six-membered (NiNO)2 metallacycles. The cation in (II) possesses crystallographically imposed inversion symmetry.

  6. A cap-type Schiff base acting as a fluorescence sensor for zinc(II) and a colorimetric sensor for iron(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) in aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kyung Beom; Kim, Hyun; Song, Eun Joo; Kim, Sumi; Noh, Insup; Kim, Cheal

    2013-12-21

    A simple and low cost chemosensor is described. This sensor could simultaneously detect three biologically important metal ions through fluorogenic (Zn(2+)) and chromogenic (Fe(2+), Cu(2+), and Zn(2+)) methods in aqueous solution. The sensor could function as a "turn-on" fluorescence receptor only to Zn(2+) ions. In addition, the sensor could be successfully applied to the detection of intracellular Zn(2+). Meanwhile, the sensor displayed an obvious red color upon selective binding with Fe(2+). Therefore, the sensor could serve as a useful tool for the discrimination of Fe(2+) from Fe(3+) in aqueous media. Moreover, the sensor also showed color changes from yellow to colorless upon selective binding with Zn(2+) and Cu(2+), respectively. The detection limit of the sensor for Cu(2+) (1.5 μM) is far below the guidelines of the World Health Organization (30 μM) as the maximum allowable copper concentration in drinking water, and therefore it is capable of being a practical system for the monitoring of Cu(2+) concentrations in aqueous samples. These results provide a new approach for selectively recognizing the most important three trace elements in the human body simultaneously, for Zn(2+) by emission spectra and Fe(2+), Cu(2+), and Zn(2+) by the naked eye.

  7. Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of two new trinuclear nickel(II) clusters possessing solvent effect.

    PubMed

    Dong, Wen-Kui; Chen, Xiao; Sun, Yin-Xia; Yang, Yu-Hua; Zhao, Li; Xu, Li; Yu, Tian-Zhi

    2009-10-15

    Two solvent-induced trinuclear nickel(II) clusters, [{NiL(CH(3)OH)}(2)(OAc)(2)Ni].2CH(3)OH (I) and [{NiL(C(2)H(5)OH)}(2)(OAc)(2)Ni].2C(2)H(5)OH (II), have been synthesized by the reaction of a new Salen-type bisoxime chelating ligand of 5,5'-di(N,N'-diethylamino)-2,2'-[(1,3-propylene)dioxybis(nitrilomethylidyne)]diphenol (H(2)L) with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate in different solvents. Clusters I and II were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, UV-vis absorption spectra, TG-DTA and X-ray diffraction methods. In clusters I (or II), there are two ligand moieties (which provide N(2)O(2) donors), two acetate ions, two coordinated methanol (or ethanol) molecules and two crystallizing methanol (or ethanol) molecules, which result in the formation of three slightly distorted octahedral geometries around Ni(II) ions. Interestingly, nickel(II) ions in the structures of clusters I and II are all six-coordinated geometry, but clusters I and II are grown up in different solvent. Right because of this, solvent effect cause to their different crystal structures.

  8. Electrochemical, catalytic and antimicrobial activity of N-functionalized tetraazamacrocyclic binuclear nickel(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prabu, R.; Vijayaraj, A.; Suresh, R.; Shenbhagaraman, R.; Kaviyarasan, V.; Narayanan, V.

    2011-02-01

    The five binuclear nickel(II) complexes have been synthesized by the Schiff base condensation of 1,8-[bis(3-formyl-2-hydroxy-5-methyl)benzyl]-l,4,8,11-tetraazacyclo-tetradecane (PC) with appropriate aliphatic diamines and nickel(II) perchlorate. All the five complexes were characterized by elemental and spectral analysis. The electronic spectra of the complexes show three d-d transition in the range of 550-1055 nm due to 3A 2g → 3T 2g(F), 3A 2g → 3T 1g(F) and 3A 2g → 3T 1g(P). These spin allowed electronic transitions are characteristic of an octahedral Ni 2+ center. Electrochemical studies of the complexes show two irreversible one electron reduction waves at cathodic region. The reduction potential of the complexes shifts towards anodically upon increasing the chain length of the macrocyclic ring. All the nickel(II) complexes show two irreversible one electron oxidation waves at anodic region. The oxidation potential of the complexes shift towards anodically upon increasing the chain length of the macrocyclic ring. The catalytic activities of the complexes were observed to be increase with increase the macrocyclic ring size. The observed rate constant values for the catalytic hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate are in the range of 5.85 × 10 -3 to 9.14 × 10 -3 min -1. All the complexes were screened for antimicrobial activity.

  9. Synthesis of asymmetric zinc(II) phthalocyanines with two different functional groups & spectroscopic properties and photodynamic activity for photodynamic therapy.

    PubMed

    Göksel, Meltem

    2016-09-15

    Zinc(II) phthalocyanine containing [2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]ethoxy and iodine groups (A and B), as well as their deprotected mono-amino and tri-iodine zinc(II) phthalocyanine (2) were obtained. This structure surrounds by substituents with functional groups. From this perspective it can be used a starting material for many reactions and applications, such as sonogashira coupling, carbodiimide coupling. An example of a first diversification reaction of this compound was obtained with conjugation of a biotin. Asymmetrically biotin conjugated and heavy atom bearing zinc(II) phthalocyanine (3) were synthesized characterized for the first time and photophysical, photochemical and photobiological properties of these phthalocyanines were compared in this study.

  10. Mononuclear thiocyanate containing nickel(II) and binuclear azido bridged nickel(II) complexes of N4-coordinate pyrazole based ligand: Syntheses, structures and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Monfort, Montserrat; Kumar, Sujit Baran

    2013-10-01

    Two mononuclear nickel(II) complexes [NiL1(NCS)2] (1) and [NiL2(NCS)2] (2) and two azido bridged binuclear nickel(II) complexes [Ni(()2()2] (3) and [Ni(()2()2] (4), where L1, L2, L1‧ and L2‧ are N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine (L1), N,N-bis((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-N‧,N‧-diethylethane-1,2-diamine (L2), N,N-diethyl-N‧-((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine (L1‧) and N-((1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)-N‧,N‧-diethylethane-1,2-diamine (L2‧) have been synthesized and characterized by microanalyses and physico-chemical methods. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that complexes 1 and 2 are mononuclear NCS- containing Ni(II) complex with octahedral geometry and complexes 3 and 4 are end-on (μ-1,1) azido bridged binuclear Ni(II) complexes with distorted octahedral geometry. Variable temperature magnetic studies of the complexes 3 and 4 display ferromagnetic interaction with J values 19 and 32 cm-1, respectively.

  11. Spectrophotometric determination of copper(II) with o-bromophenylfluorone.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, Takako; Samma, Megumi; Kamino, Shinichiro; Matsushita, Momoka; Hashimoto, Tomoyuki; Fujita, Yoshikazu

    2009-12-01

    A simple, reliable and sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of copper(II) was established with o-bromophenylfluorone (OBPF), a novel chemical probe, in the presence of poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone). Beer's law was obeyed in the range of 8-160 ng ml(-1), with an apparent molar absorptivity at 570 nm, the relative standard deviation being 3.64 x 10(5) dm3 mol(-1) cm(-1) and 0.72% (n = 5). This method was applied to the recovery tests of copper(II) in human urine, bovine serum and tap water; the results were satisfactory.

  12. Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors. Part 461 Inhibition of Carbonic Anhydrase Isozymes I, II and IV With Trifluoromethylsulfonamide Derivatives and Their Zinc(II) and Copper(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Mincione, Giovanna; Scozzafava, Andrea

    1997-01-01

    Reaction of aromatic/heterocyclic sulfonamides containing a free amino group with triflic anhydride afforded compounds possessing trifluoromethanesulfonamido moieties in their molecule. The Zn(II) and Cu(II) complexes of these new sulfonamides were prepared and characterized by standard procedures (elemental analysis, spectroscopic, magnetic, thermogravimetric and conductimetric measurements). The new derivatives showed good inhibitory activity against three isozymes of carbonic anhydrase (CA), i.e., CA I, II and IV. PMID:18475762

  13. Normal coordinate analysis of the dithiocarbamate ligand and bis-(N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate)nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trendafilova, N. S.; Kellner, R.; Nikolov, G. St.

    1984-03-01

    The vibrational frequencies of H 2NCS 2- (H 2dtc), Et 2dtc -, and M(Et 2dtc) 2 (M = Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd) have been calculated by performing normal coordinate analysis using Gribov's fragmentation procedure within the generalized valence force field approximation. The force field resulting from the experimental frequencies shows a high degree of mixing between the different parts of the molecules. The fragmentation approach has allowed a detailed assignment of the observed frequencies even in the highly correlated force field.

  14. The Synthesis of Copper(II) Carboxylates Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kushner, Kevin; Spangler, Robert E.; Salazar, Ralph A., Jr.; Lagowski, J. J.

    2006-01-01

    An electrochemical synthesis of copper(II) carboxylates has been developed and used in the general chemistry laboratory course for chemistry majors. This synthesis, using nonaqueous solutions, supplements the strategy of providing experiences in synthetic chemistry described by Yoder et al. ("J. Chem. Educ." 1995, 72, 267). (Contains 1 table.)

  15. Copper(II) complexes of rat amylin fragments.

    PubMed

    Kállay, Csilla; Dávid, Agnes; Timári, Sarolta; Nagy, Eszter Márta; Sanna, Daniele; Garribba, Eugenio; Micera, Giovanni; De Bona, Paolo; Pappalardo, Giuseppe; Rizzarelli, Enrico; Sóvágó, Imre

    2011-10-14

    The fragments of rat amylin rIAPP(17-29) (Ac-VRSSNNLGPVLPP-NH(2)), rIAPP(17-22) (Ac-VRSSNN-NH(2)), rIAPP(19-22) (Ac-SSNN-NH(2)) and rIAPP(17-20) (Ac-VRSS-NH(2)) together with the related mutant peptides (Ac-VASS-NH(2) and Ac-VRAA-NH(2)) have been synthesized and their copper(II) complexes studied by potentiometric, UV-Vis, CD and EPR spectroscopic methods. Despite the lack of any common strongly coordinating donor functions some of these fragments are able to bind copper(II) ions in the physiological pH range. The longest fragment rat amylin(17-29) keeps one equivalent copper(II) ion in solution in the whole pH range, while two other peptides Ac-VRSSNN-NH(2) and Ac-SSNN-NH(2) are also able to interact with copper(II) ions in the slightly alkaline pH range. According to the spectral parameters of the complexes, the peptides can be classified into two different categories: (i) the tetrapeptides Ac-VRSS-NH(2), Ac-VASS-NH(2) and Ac-VRAA-NH(2) can interact with copper(II) only under strongly alkaline conditions (pH > 10.0) and the formation of only one species with four amide nitrogen coordination can be detected; (ii) the peptides Ac-VRSSNNLGPVLPP-NH(2), Ac-VRSSNN-NH(2) and Ac-SSNN-NH(2) can form complexes above pH 6.0 with the major stoichiometries [CuH(-2)L], [CuH(-3)L](-) and [CuH(-4)L](2-). These data support that rIAPP(17-29) can interact with copper(II) ions under physiological conditions and the SSNN tetrapeptide fragment can be considered as the shortest sequence responsible for metal binding. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations provide some information on the possible coordination modes of Ac-SSNN-NH(2) towards the copper(II) ion and suggest that for [CuH(-2)L], [CuH(-3)L](-) and [CuH(-4)L](2-), the binding of two, three and four deprotonated amide nitrogens, with NH(-) of the side chain of asparagine as anchoring group, is probable. Moreover, these data reveal that peptides can be effective metal binding ligands even in the absence of anchoring

  16. Synthesis of new microbial pesticide metal complexes derived from coumarin-imine ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elhusseiny, Amel F.; Aazam, Elham S.; Al-Amri, Huda M.

    2014-07-01

    A series of metal complexes of zinc(II), cadmium(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) have been synthesized from coumarin-imine ligand, 8-[(1E)-1-(2-aminophenyliminio)ethyl]-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-olate, [HL]. The structures of the complexes were proposed in the light of their spectroscopic, molar conductance, magnetic and thermal studies. The ligand coordinated in a tridentate manner through the azomethine nitrogen, the phenolic oxygen and the amine nitrogen and all complexes were non-electrolytes with different geometrical arrangements around the central metal ion. Photoluminescence data unambiguously showed remarkable fluorescence enhancement to Zn2+ over other cations. The antimicrobial screening tests revealed that copper(II) complex exhibited the highest potency and its minimum inhibitory concentration on the enzymatic activities of the tested microbial species was determined. No toxin productivity was detected for all tested toxigenic species upon the exposure of copper complex.

  17. Design, synthesis, and biological properties of triazole derived compounds and their transition metal complexes.

    PubMed

    Chohan, Zahid H; Hanif, Muhammad

    2010-10-01

    Triazole derived Schiff bases and their metal complexes (cobalt(II), copper(II), nickel(II), and zinc(II)) have been prepared and characterized using IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR, mass spectrometry, magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements, and CHN analysis data. The structure of L(2), N-[(5-methylthiophen-2-yl)methylidene]-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-amine, has also been determined by the X-ray diffraction method. All the metal(II) complexes showed octahedral geometry except the copper(II) complexes, which showed distorted octahedral geometry. The triazole ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic activity. All the synthesized compounds showed moderate to significant antibacterial activity against one or more bacterial strains. It is revealed that all the synthesized complexes showed better activity than the ligands, due to coordination.

  18. Determining the Amount of Copper(II) Ions in a Solution Using a Smartphone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montangero, Marc

    2015-01-01

    When dissolving copper in nitric acid, copper(II) ions produce a blue-colored solution. It is possible to determine the concentration of copper(II) ions, focusing on the hue of the color, using a smartphone camera. A free app can be used to measure the hue of the solution, and with the help of standard copper(II) solutions, one can graph a…

  19. Zinc(II) oxide solubility and phase behavior in aqueous sodium phosphate solutions at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Ziemniak, S.E.; Jones, M.E.; Combs, K.E.S.

    1990-02-01

    A platinum-lined, flowing autoclave facility is used to investigate the solubility/phase behavior of zinc(II) oxide in aqueous sodium phosphate solutions at temperatures between 290 and 560 K. ZnO solubilities are observed to increase continuously with temperature and phosphate concentration. At higher phosphate concentrations, a solid phase transformation to NaZnPO{sub 4} is observed. NaZnPO{sub 4} solubilities are retrograde with temperature. The measured solubility behavior is examined via a Zn(II) ion hydrolysis/complexing model and thermodynamic functions for the hydrolysis/complexing reaction equilibria are obtained from a least-squares analysis of the data. The existence of two new zinc(II) ion complexes is reported for the first time: Zn(OH){sub 2}(HPO{sub 4}){sup 2{minus}} and Zn(OH){sub 3}(H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}){sup 2{minus}}. A summary of thermochemical properties for species in the systems ZnO-H{sub 2}O and ZnO-Na{sub 2}O-P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-H{sub 2}O is also provided. 21 refs., 10 figs., 7 tabs.

  20. Nickel(II) and copper(II) coordination polymers with 1,2-bis(tetrazol-1-yl)ethane and thiocyanate: Structure, supramolecular isomerism and magnetism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Pei-Pei; Wang, Yan-Qin; Tian, Chun-Yan; Peng, Hui-Qi; Gao, En-Qing

    2009-02-01

    Two heteroleptic coordination polymers with the flexible 1,2-bis(tetrazol-1-yl)ethane (btze) ligand, [Ni(btze) 2(SCN) 2] n ( 1) and [Cu(btze)(SCN) 2] n ( 2), have been synthesized in presence of thiocyanate. Compound 1 is composed of 1D chains with double btze bridges in the V-shaped gauche conformation, while 2 exhibits 2D coordination networks in which 1D chains with double N, S-thiocyanate bridges are cross-linked by btze bridges in the Z-shaped transoid conformation. In both compounds, the coordination motifs are stacked into 3D architectures through S···S and C-H···N interactions. The structures of 1 and a previously reported compound illustrate an interesting type of supramolecular isomerism. The two isomers exhibit almost identical 1D coordination structure and 2D hydrogen bonded superstructure, and the difference lies only in the interlayer packing associated with S···S contacts. Compound 2 exhibits weak antiferromagnetic interactions with J = 0.29 cm -1, consistent with the structural observation that the thiocyanate bridge adopts an equatorial-axial disposition between Cu(II) ions.

  1. Crystal structures of copper(II) and nickel(II) nitrate and chloride complexes with 4-bromo-2-[(2-hydroxyethylimino)-methyl]phenol

    SciTech Connect

    Chumakov, Yu. M.; Tsapkov, V. I.; Filippova, I. G.; Bocelli, G.; Gulea, A. P.

    2008-07-15

    The crystal structures of {l_brace}4-bromo-2-[(2-hydroxyethylimino)-methyl]phenolo{r_brace}aquacopper(II) nitrate hemihydrate (I), chloro-{l_brace}4-bromo-2-[(2-hydroxyethylimino)-methyl]phenolo{r_brace}copper hemihydrate (II), and chloro-{l_brace}4-bromo-2-[(2-hydroxyethylimino)-methyl]phenolo{r_brace}aquanickel (III) are determined using X-ray diffraction. Crystals of compound I are formed by cationic complexes, nitrate ions, and solvate water molecules. In the cation, the copper atom coordinates the singly deprotonated molecule of tridentate azomethine and the water molecule. The copper complexes are joined into centrosymmetric dimers by the O{sub w}-H...O hydrogen bonds. The crystal structure of compound II is composed of binuclear copper complexes and solvate water molecules. The copper atom coordinates the O,N,O ligand molecule and the chlorine ion, which fulfills a bridging function. The coordination polyhedron of the metal atom is a distorted tetragonal bipyramid in which the vertex is occupied by the chlorine atom of the neighboring complex in the dimer. Compound III is a centrosymmetric dimer complex. The coordination polyhedra of two nickel atoms related via the inversion center are distorted octahedra shared by the edge.

  2. The impact of synthetic analogs of histidine on copper(II) and nickel(II) coordination properties to an albumin-like peptide. Possible leads towards new metallodrugs.

    PubMed

    Zawisza, Izabela; Mital, Mariusz; Polkowska-Nowakowska, Agnieszka; Bonna, Arkadiusz; Bal, Wojciech

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of our research was to obtain peptidomimetics possessing Cu(II) and Ni(II) binding properties, which would be useful for biomedical applications. In this context we used potentiometry, UV-VIS and CD spectroscopies to characterize the Cu(II) and Ni(II) binding properties of pentapeptide analogs of the N-terminal sequence of histatin 5. The peptides investigated had a general sequence DSXAK-am (am stands for C-terminal amide), with X including His and its three synthetic analogs, (4-thiazolyl)-L-alanine (1), (2-pyridyl)-L-alanine (2), and (pyrazol-1-yl)-L-alanine (3). The heterocyclic nitrogens present in these analogs were significantly more acidic than that of the His imidazole. We found that DSXAK-am peptides were able to bind Cu(II) and Ni(II) and form 4N complexes in a cooperative fashion, with similar affinities. These results indicate that acidic heterocyclic amino acids provide a viable alternative for histidine in peptidomimetics designed for metal ion binding.

  3. New hexadentate macrocyclic ligand and their copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes: Spectral, magnetic, electrochemical, thermal, molecular modeling and antimicrobial studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Ruchi; Qanungo, Kushal; Sharma, Saroj. K.

    Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes were synthesized with a hexadentate macrocyclic ligand [3,4,8,9tetraoxo-2,5,7,10tetraaza-1,6dithio-(3,4,8,9) dipyridinedodecane(L)] and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, mass, NMR, IR, electronic, EPR spectral, thermal and molecular modeling studies. All the complexes are 1:2 electrolytes in nature and may be formulated as [M(L)]X2 [where, M = Ni(II) and Cu(II) and X = Cl-, NO3-, ½SO42-, CH3COO-]. On the basis of IR, electronic and EPR spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Ni(II) complexes and tetragonal geometry for Cu(II) complexes. The antimicrobial activities and LD50 values of the ligand and its complexes, as growth inhibiting agents, have been screened in vitro against two different species of bacteria and plant pathogenic fungi.

  4. Synthesis and synergistic antifungal activities of a pyrazoline based ligand and its copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes with conventional antifungals.

    PubMed

    Ali, Imran; Wani, Waseem A; Khan, Amber; Haque, Ashanul; Ahmad, Aijaz; Saleem, Kishwar; Manzoor, Nikhat

    2012-08-01

    A pyrazoline based ligand; (5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamide) has been synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt condensation of acetophenone with p-chlorobenzaldehyde, followed by sodium hydroxide assisted cyclization of the resulting chalcone with thiosemicarbazide. Metal ion complexes of the synthesized ligand were prepared with Cu(II) and Ni(II) metal ions, separately and respectively. Ligand and the metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, UV-Vis, (1)HNMR, ESI-MS and (13)CNMR spectroscopic techniques. Molar conductance measurements in DMSO suggested non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. Tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry for copper and octahedral geometry for the nickel complexes was proposed on the basis of UV-Vis spectroscopic studies and magnetic moment measurements. The complexes were investigated for their ability to kill human fungal pathogen Candida by determining MICs (Minimum inhibitory concentrations), inhibition in solid media and ability to produce a possible synergism with conventional most clinically practiced antifungals by disc diffusion assay and FICI (fractional inhibitory concentration index).

  5. Metal complexes derived from hydrazoneoxime ligands: V. Spectral and structural studies on diacetylmonoxime n-alkanoylhydrazones and their nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salem, Nahed M. H.; El Sayed, Laila; Haase, Wolfgang; Iskander, Magdi F.

    2015-01-01

    A series of diacetylmonoxime n-alkanoylhydrazones (H2Ln, n = 4, 5, 6, 12 and 16) were prepared by the condensation of diacetylmonoxime with the corresponding n-alkanoylhydrazine in ethanol. The X-ray crystal structure of diacetylmonoxime octadecanoyl hydrazone has been solved and its molecular and supramolecular structures have been discussed. Both neutral dinuclear Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes, [{M(Ln)}2] (M = Cu, Ni and n = 4, 5, 6, 12 and 16) as well as cationic dinuclear Cu(II) complexes, [Cu2(Ln)(HLn)]NO3 (n = 12 and 16) have been also prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, FD- and ESI-mass spectra as well as IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectra. Variable temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements for dinuclear Cu(II) complexes have been also discussed.

  6. Metal complexes derived from hydrazoneoxime ligands: V. Spectral and structural studies on diacetylmonoxime n-alkanoylhydrazones and their nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Salem, Nahed M H; El Sayed, Laila; Haase, Wolfgang; Iskander, Magdi F

    2015-01-05

    A series of diacetylmonoxime n-alkanoylhydrazones (H₂L(n), n=4, 5, 6, 12 and 16) were prepared by the condensation of diacetylmonoxime with the corresponding n-alkanoylhydrazine in ethanol. The X-ray crystal structure of diacetylmonoxime octadecanoyl hydrazone has been solved and its molecular and supramolecular structures have been discussed. Both neutral dinuclear Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes, [{M(L(n))}₂] (M=Cu, Ni and n=4, 5, 6, 12 and 16) as well as cationic dinuclear Cu(II) complexes, [Cu₂(L(n))(HL(n))]NO₃ (n=12 and 16) have been also prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, FD- and ESI-mass spectra as well as IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR spectra. Variable temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements for dinuclear Cu(II) complexes have been also discussed.

  7. Homoleptic nickel(II) complexes of redox-tunable pincer-type ligands.

    PubMed

    Hewage, Jeewantha S; Wanniarachchi, Sarath; Morin, Tyler J; Liddle, Brendan J; Banaszynski, Megan; Lindeman, Sergey V; Bennett, Brian; Gardinier, James R

    2014-10-06

    Different synthetic methods have been developed to prepare eight new redox-active pincer-type ligands, H(X,Y), that have pyrazol-1-yl flanking donors attached to an ortho-position of each ring of a diarylamine anchor and that have different groups, X and Y, at the para-aryl positions. Together with four previously known H(X,Y) ligands, a series of 12 Ni(X,Y)2 complexes were prepared in high yields by a simple one-pot reaction. Six of the 12 derivatives were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which showed tetragonally distorted hexacoordinate nickel(II) centers. The nickel(II) complexes exhibit two quasi-reversible one-electron oxidation waves in their cyclic voltammograms, with half-wave potentials that varied over a remarkable 700 mV range with the average of the Hammett σ(p) parameters of the para-aryl X, Y groups. The one- and two-electron oxidized derivatives [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4)n (n = 1, 2) were prepared synthetically, were characterized by X-band EPR, electronic spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (for n = 2), and were studied computationally by DFT methods. The dioxidized complex, [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4)2, is an S = 2 species, with nickel(II) bound to two ligand radicals. The mono-oxidized complex [Ni(Me,Me)2](BF4), prepared by comproportionation, is best described as nickel(II) with one ligand centered radical. Neither the mono- nor the dioxidized derivative shows any substantial electronic coupling between the metal and their bound ligand radicals because of the orthogonal nature of their magnetic orbitals. On the other hand, weak electronic communication occurs between ligands in the mono-oxidized complex as evident from the intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) transition found in the near-IR absorption spectrum. Band shape analysis of the IVCT transition allowed comparisons of the strength of the electronic interaction with that in the related, previously known, Robin-Day class II mixed valence complex, [Ga(Me,Me)2](2+).

  8. Electronic Transitions as a Probe of Tetrahedral versus Octahedral Coordination in Nickel(II) Complexes: An Undergraduate Inorganic Chemistry Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filgueiras, Carlos A. L.; Carazza, Fernando

    1980-01-01

    Discusses procedures, theoretical considerations, and results of an experiment involving the preparation of a tetrahedral nickel(II) complex and its transformation into an octahedral species. Suggests that fundamental aspects of coordination chemistry can be demonstrated by simple experiments performed in introductory level courses. (Author/JN)

  9. Syntheses, characterization and antifungal activity of heteroleptic nickel(II) complexes with N-alkylsulfonyldithiocarbimates and phosphines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vidigal, Antonio E. C.; Rubinger, Mayura M. M.; Oliveira, Marcelo R. L.; Guilardi, Silvana; Souza, Rafael A. C.; Ellena, Javier; Zambolim, Laércio

    2016-06-01

    Four nickel(II) complexes of general formula [Ni(RSO2Ndbnd CS2) (PPh3)2] where R = CH3 (2a), CH3CH2 (2b), CH3(CH2)3 (2c) and CH3(CH2)7 (2d) and PPh3 = triphenylphosphine; and two nickel(II) complexes of general formula [Ni(RSO2Ndbnd CS2)dppe] where R = CH3(CH2)3 (3c) and CH3(CH2)7 (3d) and dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphine)ethane) were prepared. These new complexes were obtained by the reaction of nickel(II) chloride hexahydrate with potassium N-alkylsulfonyldithiocarbimates and the appropriate phosphine using ethanol/water as solvent. The IR, UV-Vis and 1H, 13C and 31P NMR spectra, elemental analysis of Ni and the HR-ESI-MS were consistent with the formation of square planar nickel(II) complexes with mixed ligands. The structures of the compounds 2b and 2c were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the space group P 1 bar of the triclinic system. The activities of the complexes were investigated in vitro against Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum and Alternaria solani, fungi species that affect various commercially important plants. All the complexes were active.

  10. Nickel(II) adsorption onto biomass based activated carbon obtained from sugarcane bagasse pith.

    PubMed

    Krishnan, K Anoop; Sreejalekshmi, K G; Baiju, R S

    2011-11-01

    Bioavailability of Nickel in the form of hydrated Nickel(II) attributes to its toxicological effects and hence its removal from aqueous solution is of great concern. Adsorption is used as an efficient technique for the removal of Nickel(II), hereafter Ni(II), from water and wastewaters. Activated carbon obtained from sugarcane bagasse pith (SBP-AC), a waste biomass collected from juice shops in Sarkara Devi Temple, Chirayinkeezhu, Trivandrum, India during annual festival, is used as adsorbent in the study. The process of adsorption is highly dependent on solution pH, and maximum removal occurs in the pH range of 4.0-8.0. Moreover, the amount of Ni(II) adsorbed onto SBP-AC increased with the time increase and reached equilibrium at 4h. Adsorption kinetic and equilibrium data were analyzed for determining the best fit kinetic and isotherm models. The overall study reveals the potential value of steam pyrolysed SBP-AC as a possible commercial adsorbent in wastewater treatment strategies.

  11. Copper(II) enhances membrane-bound α-synuclein helix formation.

    PubMed

    Lucas, Heather R; Lee, Jennifer C

    2011-03-01

    Interactions of copper and membranes with α-synuclein have been implicated in pathogenic mechanisms of Parkinson's disease, yet work examining both concurrently is scarce. We have examined the effect of copper(ii) on protein/vesicle binding and found that both the copper(ii) affinity and α-helical content are enhanced for the membrane-bound protein.

  12. Evolution of copper(II) as a new alkene amination promoter and catalyst

    PubMed Central

    Chemler, Sherry R.

    2010-01-01

    Copper(II) carboxylates and chiral copper(II) triflate·bis(oxazoline) complexes promote and catalyze intramolecular alkene carboamination, diamination and aminooxygenation reactions, creating an array of nitrogen heterocycles. High diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity can be achieved in these transformations. This account reviews the discovery and development of these useful and interesting reactions. PMID:21379363

  13. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electrochemical behaviour and thermal decomposition studies of some transition metal complexes with an azo derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sujamol, M. S.; Athira, C. J.; Sindhu, Y.; Mohanan, K.

    2010-01-01

    Complexes of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) with a novel heterocyclic azo derivative, formed by coupling diazotized 2-amino-3-carbethoxy-4,5-dimethylthiophene with acetylacetone were synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, UV-vis, IR, 1H NMR and EPR spectral data. Spectral studies revealed that the ligand existed in an internally hydrogen bonded azo-enol form rather than the keto-hydrazone form and coordinated to the metal ion in a tridentate fashion. Analytical data revealed that all the complexes exhibited 1:1 metal-ligand ratio. On the basis of electronic spectral data and magnetic susceptibility measurements, suitable geometry was proposed for each complex. The nickel(II) complex has undergone facile transesterification reaction when refluxed in methanol for a long period. The ligand and the copper(II) complex were subjected to X-ray diffraction study. The electrochemical behaviour of copper(II) complex was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The thermal behaviour of the same complex was also examined by thermogravimetry.

  14. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, electrochemical behaviour and thermal decomposition studies of some transition metal complexes with an azo derivative.

    PubMed

    Sujamol, M S; Athira, C J; Sindhu, Y; Mohanan, K

    2010-01-01

    Complexes of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) with a novel heterocyclic azo derivative, formed by coupling diazotized 2-amino-3-carbethoxy-4,5-dimethylthiophene with acetylacetone were synthesized and characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, UV-vis, IR, (1)H NMR and EPR spectral data. Spectral studies revealed that the ligand existed in an internally hydrogen bonded azo-enol form rather than the keto-hydrazone form and coordinated to the metal ion in a tridentate fashion. Analytical data revealed that all the complexes exhibited 1:1 metal-ligand ratio. On the basis of electronic spectral data and magnetic susceptibility measurements, suitable geometry was proposed for each complex. The nickel(II) complex has undergone facile transesterification reaction when refluxed in methanol for a long period. The ligand and the copper(II) complex were subjected to X-ray diffraction study. The electrochemical behaviour of copper(II) complex was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The thermal behaviour of the same complex was also examined by thermogravimetry.

  15. Synthesis and comparative photodynamic properties of two isosteric alkyl substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanines.

    PubMed

    Gauna, Gabriela A; Marino, Julieta; García Vior, María C; Roguin, Leonor P; Awruch, Josefina

    2011-11-01

    The synthesis and photophysical parameters of two novel isosteric cationic zinc(II) phthalocyanines: 2,9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis[(N-butyl-N-methylammoniumethylsulfanyl]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraiodide (6) and 2,9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis[(N-dibutyl-N-methylammonium)ethoxy]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraiodide (7) were investigated. Maximum absorption values were 686.5 nm and 678 nm for 6 and 7, respectively, whereas singlet molecular oxygen generation was 0.42 and 0.67, respectively. The photodynamic effect and the cellular uptake of both phthalocyanines were evaluated on human nasopharynx KB carcinoma cells. After light exposure, phthalocyanine 6 showed a higher cytotoxic activity than 7. In addition, a higher intracellular uptake of 6 and a preferential localization within lysosomes were demonstrated. The production of a greater amount of reactive oxygen species after phthalocyanine 6 irradiation would be responsible for its potent phototoxic action on KB cells.

  16. Zero thermal expansion in a flexible, stable framework : tetramethylammonium copper(I) zinc(II) cyanide.

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, A. E.; Halder, G. J.; Chapman, K. W.; Goodwin, A. L.; Kepert, C. J.; Univ. Sydney; Univ. Cambridge

    2010-01-13

    Tetramethylammonium copper(I) zinc(II) cyanide, which consists of N(CH{sub 3}){sub 4}{sup +} ions trapped within a cristobalite-like metal cyanide framework, has been studied by variable-temperature powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Its coefficient of thermal expansion is approximately zero over the temperature range 200-400 K and comparable with the best commercial zero thermal expansion materials. The atomic displacement parameters, apparent bond lengths, and structure of a low-temperature, low-symmetry phase reveal that the low-energy vibrational modes responsible for this behavior maintain approximately rigid Zn coordination tetrahedra but involve significant distortion of their Cu counterparts.

  17. Facile synthesis of pegylated zinc(II) phthalocyanines via transesterification and their in vitro photodynamic activities.

    PubMed

    Bai, Ming; Lo, Pui-Chi; Ye, Jing; Wu, Chi; Fong, Wing-Ping; Ng, Dennis K P

    2011-10-21

    Treatment of 4,5-bis[4-(methoxycarbonyl)phenoxy]phthalonitrile and 4,5-bis[3,5-bis(methoxycarbonyl)phenoxy]phthalonitrile with an excess of 1,3-diiminoisoindoline in the presence of Zn(OAc)(2)·2H(2)O and 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene in triethylene glycol monomethyl ether or polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether (with an average molecular weight of 550) led to "3 + 1" mixed cyclisation and transesterification in one pot, affording the corresponding di-β-substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanines in 7-23% yield. As shown by absorption spectroscopy, these compounds were essentially non-aggregated in N,N-dimethylformamide and could generate singlet oxygen effectively. The singlet oxygen quantum yields (Φ(Δ) = 0.53-0.57) were comparable with that of the unsubstituted zinc(II) phthalocyanine (Φ(Δ) = 0.56). These compounds in Cremophor EL emulsions also exhibited photocytotoxicity against HT29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma and HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells with IC(50) values in the range of 0.25-3.72 μM. The analogue with four triethylene glycol chains was the most potent photosensitiser and localised preferentially in the mitochondria of HT29 cells. The bis(polyethylene glycol)-counterpart could form surfactant-free nanoparticles both in water and in the culture medium. The hydrodynamic radii, as determined by dynamic laser light scattering, ranged from 6.3 to 79.8 nm depending on the preparation methods and conditions. The photocytotoxicity of these nanoparticles (IC(50) = 0.43-0.56 μM) was comparable with that of the Cremophor EL-formulated system (IC(50) = 0.34 μM).

  18. Highly sensitive sensing of zinc(II) by development and characterization of a PVC-based fluorescent chemical sensor.

    PubMed

    Aksuner, Nur; Henden, Emur; Yenigul, Berrin; Yilmaz, Ibrahim; Cukurovali, Alaaddin

    2011-03-01

    A sensor membrane with excellent performance based on 1-methyl-1-phenyl-3-[1-hydroxyimino-2-(succinimido)ethyl]cyclobutane has been developed for the determination of zinc(II) ions. The sensing membrane is capable of determining zinc(II) with an outstanding high selectivity over a dynamic range between 8.0×10(-8) and 1.6×10(-4) mol L(-1) with a limit of detection of 2.5×10(-8) mol L(-1) (1.6 μg L(-1)). It can be easily and completely regenerated by using 0.1 mol L(-1) EDTA solution. The optical sensor developed here was found to be stable, cost effective, easy to prepare, and has unique selectivity towards Zn(2+) ion with respect to common metal ions. The proposed sensor was then applied for the determination of zinc in tap water and hair samples with satisfactory results.

  19. «Оn-off» fluorescent sensors for aromatic analytes based on zinc(II) bis(dipyrromethenate)s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ksenofontov, A. A.; Guseva, G. B.; Antina, E. V.; Nuraneeva, E. N.

    2017-02-01

    This paper presents the results of spectral-luminescence research of binuclear zinc(II) helicates with tetra-, octa-, and decamethylsubstituted 3,3‧-bis(dipyrromethene)s ([Zn2L2]) in binary mixtures of cyclohexane with aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene, and m-xylene). Structure effects of zinc(II) helicates, and aromaticity criteria of analytes (HOMA, NICS, δ) on the fluorescence quenching efficiency of [Zn2L2] in the presence of aromatic compounds was considered. It was found that decamethylsubstituted 3,3‧-bis(dipyrromethenate)s compared to tetra-, and octamethylsubstituted-analogs shows the highest fluorescence sensitivity to the presence of aromatic compounds. High specificity of spectral-luminescence characteristics changing in the presence of particular aromatic analytes provides the possibility of using [Zn2L2] helicates as new fluorescent sensors of aromatic compounds trace amount (120 ppb to 56 ppm) in organic media.

  20. Enhanced nucleophilicity and depressed electrophilicity of peroxide by zinc(II), aluminum(III) and lanthanum(III) ions.

    PubMed

    Nishino, S; Kobayashi, T; Matsushima, H; Tokii, T; Nishida, Y

    2001-01-01

    The binuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn2(HPTP)(CH3COO)]2+ was found highly active to cleave DNA (double-strand super-coiled DNA, pBR322 and phix174) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. However, no TBARS (2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) formation was detected in a solution containing 2-deoxyribose (or 2'-deoxyguanosine, etc); where (HPTP) represents N,N,N'-N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,3-diamino-2-propanol. These facts imply that DNA cleavage reaction by the binuclear Zn(II)/H2O2 system should be due to a hydrolytic mechanism, which may be attributed to the enhanced nucleophilicity but depressed electrophilicity of the peroxide ion coordinated to the zinc(II) ion. DFT (density-functional theory) calculations on the peroxide adduct of monomeric zinc(II) have supported the above consideration. Similar DFT calculations on the peroxide adducts of the Al(III) and La(III) compounds have revealed that electrophilicity of the peroxide ion in these compounds is strongly reduced. This gives an important information to elucidate the fact that La3+ can enhance the growth of plants under certain conditions.

  1. Nickel(II) oxide nanostructure derived from metal-organic frameworks and its adsorption capability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ru, Shuai; Xu, Lina; Xiao, Hongping; Li, Xinhua

    2016-11-01

    Nanosized nickel(II) oxide (NiO) was obtained by oxidation of ([(Ni2(nic)4(H2O)] n , nic = nicotinic acid), a metal-organic framework (MOF), at 350 °C. Nanosized NiO assembled to form block NiO having a mesoporous structure similar to the porous structure of activated carbon block. This bulk NiO exhibits excellent adsorbing capability, with 100% higher adsorption capacities than the [(Ni2(nic)4(H2O)] n MOF towards toluene and water steam; therefore, it can find potential application in gas adsorption. Moreover, this bulk NiO can be synthesized using a facile, environment-friendly, and cost-effective method, and exhibits excellent hydrothermal stability, which is not commonly observed for MOFs.

  2. The influence of zinc(II) on thioredoxin/glutathione disulfide exchange: QM/MM studies to explore how zinc(II) accelerates exchange in higher dielectric environments.

    PubMed

    Kurian, Roby; Bruce, Mitchell R M; Bruce, Alice E; Amar, François G

    2015-08-01

    QM/MM studies were performed to explore the energetics of exchange reactions of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) and the active site of thioredoxin [Cys32-Gly33-Pro34-Cys35] with and without zinc(II), in vacuum and solvated models. The activation energy for exchange, in the absence of zinc, is 29.7 kcal mol(-1) for the solvated model. This is 3.3 kcal mol(-1) higher than the activation energy for exchange in the gas phase, due to ground state stabilization of the active site Cys-32 thiolate in a polar environment. In the presence of zinc, the activation energy for exchange is 4.9 kcal mol(-1) lower than in the absence of zinc (solvated models). The decrease in activation energy is attributed to stabilization of the charge-separated transition state, which has a 4-centered, cyclic arrangement of Zn-S-S-S with an estimated dipole moment of 4.2 D. A difference of 4.9 kcal mol(-1) in activation energy would translate to an increase in rate by a factor of about 4000 for zinc-assisted thiol-disulfide exchange. The calculations are consistent with previously reported experimental results, which indicate that metal-thiolate, disulfide exchange rates increase as a function of solvent dielectric. This trend is opposite to that observed for the influence of the dielectric environment on the rate of thiol-disulfide exchange in the absence of metal. The results suggest a dynamic role for zinc in thiol-disulfide exchange reactions, involving accessible cysteine sites on proteins, which may contribute to redox regulation and mechanistic pathways during oxidative stress.

  3. Synthesis and structural characterization of two half-sandwich nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, G.-F. E-mail: s-shuwen@163.com; Zhang, X.; Sun, S.-W.; Sun, H.; Ma, H.-X.

    2015-12-15

    The synthesis and characterization of two new halfsandwich mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the scorpionate ligands, [k{sup 3}-N, N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiI] (1) and [k{sup 3}-N,N',N''-Tp{sup t-Bu}, {sup Me}NiNO{sub 3}] (2), are reported. These complexes have been fully characterized by elemental analyses and infrared spectra. Their molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The nickel(II) ion of complex 1 is in a four-coordinate environment, in which the donor atoms are provided by three nitrogen atoms of a hydrotris(pyrazolyl) borate ligand and one iodide atom, while that of complex 2 is in a five-coordinate environment with three nitrogen atoms from a hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and two oxygen atoms from a nitrate ion.

  4. Binding and photocleavage of a neutral nickel(II) bis(hydrogen pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylato) complex to DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Qingxiang; Li, Wenqi; Liu, Aifeng; Zhang, Bin; Gao, Feng; Li, Shunxing; Liao, Xiaolei

    2011-01-01

    A neutral nickel(II) bis(pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylato) complex, [Ni(Hdipic -) 2] (Hdipic - = monohydricsalt of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) was synthesized and its interaction with DNA were comprehensively investigated by electronic absorption spectroscopy, viscosity, fluorescence, melting temperature and gel electrophoresis measurements in this paper. Spectrophotometric titration suggested that the nickel(II) complex could intercalatively bind to DNA via the planar dipicolinic acid moiety with a moderate binding strength of 1.6 × 10 4 M -1, and these results were further proved by the systematic studies of viscosity, ethidium bromide (EB) displacement and melting temperature experiments. Moreover, agarose gel electrophoresis assays showed that [Ni(Hdipic -) 2] had obvious photocleavage property for the supercoiled plasmid pBR322 DNA under 302 nm irradiation for 30 min, which allow us to postulate the studied complex as a proper candidate for photocleavage reagent.

  5. DNA binding, BSA interaction and SOD activity of two new nickel(II) complexes with glutamine Schiff base ligands.

    PubMed

    Wei, Qiang; Dong, Jianfang; Zhao, Peiran; Li, Manman; Cheng, Fengling; Kong, Jinming; Li, Lianzhi

    2016-08-01

    Two hexacoordinated octahedral nickel(II) complexes, [Ni(o-van-gln)(phen)(H2O)](1) and [Ni(sal-gln)(phen)(H2O)](2) [o-van-gln=a Schiff base derived from o-vanillin and glutamine, sal-gln=a Schiff base derived from salicylaldehyde and glutamine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline], have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. X-ray studies showed that nickel atoms of both 1 and 2 exhibit distorted NiN3O3 octahedral geometry. In each crystal, intermolecular hydrogen bonds form a two-dimensional network structure. DNA-binding properties of these two nickel(II) complexes were investigated by using UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies and viscosity measurements. Results indicated that the two complexes can bind to calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) via an intercalative mode, and complex 1 exhibits higher interaction with CT-DNA than complex 2. Furthermore, the interactions between the nickel(II) complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been studied by spectroscopies. The results indicated that both complexes could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA in a static quenching process. The binding constants (Kb) and the numbers of binding sites (n) obtained are 1.10×10(5)M(-1) and 1.05 for complex 1 and 5.05×10(4)M(-1) and 0.997 for complex 2, respectively. Site-selective competitive binding investigation indicated that the binding sites of both the complexes are located in site I of sub-domains IIA of BSA. Assay of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of the nickel(II) complexes revealed that they exhibit significant superoxide scavenging activity with IC50=3.4×10(-5)M for complex 1 and 4.3×10(-5)M for complex 2, respectively.

  6. Packed-bed column biosorption of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) onto Fenton modified Hydrilla verticillata dried biomass.

    PubMed

    Mishra, Ashutosh; Tripathi, Brahma Dutt; Rai, Ashwani Kumar

    2016-10-01

    The present study represents the first attempt to investigate the biosorption potential of Fenton modified Hydrilla verticillata dried biomass (FMB) in removing chromium(VI) and nickel(II) ions from wastewater using up-flow packed-bed column reactor. Effects of different packed-bed column parameters such as bed height, flow rate, influent metal ion concentration and particle size were examined. The outcome of the column experiments illustrated that highest bed height (25cm); lowest flow rate (10mLmin(-1)), lowest influent metal concentration (5mgL(-1)) and smallest particle size range (0.25-0.50mm) are favourable for biosorption. The maximum biosorption capacity of FMB for chromium(VI) and nickel(II) removal were estimated to be 89.32 and 87.18mgg(-1) respectively. The breakthrough curves were analyzed using Bed Depth Service Time (BDST) and Thomas models. The experimental results obtained agree to both the models. Column regeneration experiments were also carried out using 0.1M HNO3. Results revealed good reusability of FMB during ten cycles of sorption and desorption. Performance of FMB-packed column in treating secondary effluent was also tested under identical experimental conditions. Results demonstrated significant reduction in chromium(VI) and nickel(II) ions concentration after the biosorption process.

  7. Electrochemical, catalytic and antimicrobial activities of N-functionalized cyclam based unsymmetrical dicompartmental binuclear nickel(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sreedaran, S.; Bharathi, K. Shanmuga; Rahiman, A. Kalilur; Suresh, R.; Jegadeesh, R.; Raaman, N.; Narayanan, V.

    2009-11-01

    Five binuclear nickel(II) complexes have been prepared by simple Schiff base condensation of the compound 1,8-[bis(3-formyl-2-hydroxy-5-bromo)benzyl]-l,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (L) with appropriate aliphatic or aromatic diamine, nickel(II) perchlorate and triethylamine. All the complexes were characterized by elemental and spectral analysis. Positive ion FAB mass spectra show the presence of dinickel core in the complexes. The electronic spectra of the complexes show red shift in the d-d transition. Electrochemical studies of the complexes show two irreversible one electron reduction processes in the range of 0 to -1.4 V. The reduction potential of the complexes shifts towards anodically upon increasing chain length of the macrocyclic ring. All the nickel(II) complexes show two irreversible one electron oxidation waves in the range 0.4-1.6 V. The observed rate constant values for catalysis of the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate are in the range of 1.36 × 10 -2-9.14 × 10 -2 min -1. The rate constant values for the complexes containing aliphatic diimines are found to be higher than the complexes containing aromatic diimines. Spectral, electrochemical and catalytic studies of the complexes were compared on the basis of increasing chain length of the imine compartment. All the complexes show higher antimicrobial activity than the ligand and metal salt.

  8. Application of saccharose as copper(II) ligand for electroless copper plating solutions.

    PubMed

    Norkus, Eugenijus; Prusinskas, Kestutis; Vaskelis, Algirdas; Jaciauskiene, Jane; Stalnioniene, Irena; Macalady, Donald L

    2007-01-15

    Saccharose, forming sufficiently stable complexes with copper(II) ions in alkaline solutions, was found to be a suitable ligand for copper(II) chelating in alkaline (pH>12) electroless copper deposition solutions. Reduction of copper(II)-saccharose complexes by hydrated formaldehyde was investigated and the copper deposits formed were characterized. The thickness of the compact copper coatings obtained under optimal operating conditions in 1h reaches ca. 2 microm at ambient temperature. The plating solutions were stable and no signs of Cu(II) reduction in the bulk solution were observed. Results were compared with those systems operating with other copper(II) ligands.

  9. Investigation of the photophysical and photochemical properties of peripherally tetra-substituted water-soluble zwitterionic and cationic zinc(ii) phthalocyanines.

    PubMed

    Çolak, Senem; Durmuş, Mahmut; Yıldız, Salih Zeki

    2016-06-21

    In this study, 4-{4-[N-((3-dimethylamino)propyl)amide]phenoxy}phthalonitrile () and its zinc(ii) phthalocyanine derivative () were synthesized for the first time. 4-(N-((3-Dimethylamino)propyl)amide)phenoxy substituted zinc(ii) phthalocyanine () was converted to its water-soluble sulfobetaine (), betaine () and N-oxide () containing zwitterionic and quaternized cationic () derivatives. All newly synthesized compounds () were characterized by the combination of UV-vis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR, mass spectroscopy techniques and elemental analysis. The photophysical (fluorescence quantum yields and lifetimes) and photochemical (singlet oxygen quantum yields) properties were investigated in DMSO for all the synthesized zinc(ii) phthalocyanines () and in both DMSO and aqueous solutions for zwitterionic and cationic phthalocyanines () for the specification of their capability as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy (PDT). The binding behavior of water soluble phthalocyanines () to the bovine serum albumin protein was also examined for the determination of their transportation ability in the blood stream.

  10. Coordination compounds of zinc(II) and N-alkylphenothiazines: synthesis and characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gowda, Netkal M. Made; Pacquette, H. Lawrence; Kim, Doo-Hyung; Jayaram, Beby

    1996-08-01

    Zinc(II) chloride/acetate complexes of title ligands have been synthesized in {MeOH}/{water} medium. The compounds were characterized by their elemental analyses, molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility, and spectroscopic data. The molecular formulas of the new complexes were found to be: [(C 17H 20ClN 2S) 4ZnCl 2]Cl 4 where C 17H 20ClN 2S = protonated chlorpromazine; [(C 19H 25N 2S) 2ZnCl 2]Cl 2 where C 19H 25N 2S = protonated ethopropazine; [(C 17H 21N 2S) 2ZnCl]Cl 3 where C 17H 21N 2S = protonated promethazine; [(C 21H 27N 2S 2) 2ZnCl 2]Cl 2 .MeOH and [(C 21H 27N 2S 2)ZnCl](OAc) 2 where C 21H 27N 2S 2 = protonated thioridazine; and [(C 21H 26F 3N 3S)ZnCl 3]Cl where C 21H 26F 3N 3S = diprotonated trifluoperazine. All compounds are diamagnetic and ionic in nature. Structures for the complexes are proposed.

  11. Antioxidant promotion of tyrosine nitration in the presence of copper(II).

    PubMed

    Qiao, Liang; Liu, Baohong; Girault, Hubert H

    2013-06-01

    Copper(II) is known to catalyze the generation of reactive nitrogen species in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, nitrite or nitric oxide, leading to tyrosine nitration, a biomarker for free radical species associated diseases. Here, we find that biological antioxidants such as ascorbic acid can promote tyrosine nitration in the presence of copper(II) and nitrite under aerobic and weak acidic conditions. Tyrosine nitration is demonstrated on both the β-amyloid peptide and angiotensin I. These studies show that (i) ascorbic acid works as a pro-oxidant in the presence of copper(II) to induce oxidation and nitration on peptides, (ii) both free and coordinated copper(II) can catalyze peptide oxidation and nitration, (iii) nitration occurs under mild acidic conditions (pH = 6.0-6.5).

  12. Spectral studies of copper(II) complexes of 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone

    SciTech Connect

    Mahjoub, Omima Abdalla; Farina, Yang

    2014-09-03

    Two novel copper(II) complexes [Cu(HL)Cl]Cl.H{sub 2}O (1) and [Cu(L)NO{sub 3}]Ðœ‡H{sub 2}O (2) of the three NNS donor thiosemicarbazone ligand 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone have been synthesized. The ligand and its copper(II) complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (C, H, N, and S), FT-IR, UV-visible, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance. The thiosemicarbazone is present either as the thione form in complex 1 or as thiol form in complex 2 and is coordinated to copper(II) atom via the pyridine nitrogen atom, the azomethine nitrogen atom and the sulfur atom. The physicochemical and spectral data suggest square planar geometry for copper(II) atoms.

  13. Temperature-dependent vibrational spectra of zinc(II) bis-(N,N'-diethyldithiocarbamate) in solid state and solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trendafilova, N.; Kellner, R.

    The IR spectra of zinc(II) bis-(N,N'-diethyldithiocarbamate) in the solid state (at 20, 80 and 120°C) as well as in solution (20°C) have been recorded and discussed as to the changes in the zinc coordination sphere that may occur upon heating and dissolution. The decreased number of bands in the high-temperature and in the solution specta as compared with the room temperature solid state spectra has been explained by removal of the intermolecular contacts upon dissolution or thermal averaging in the high temperature solid state.

  14. Variation in the biomolecular interactions of nickel(II) hydrazone complexes upon tuning the hydrazide fragment.

    PubMed

    Krishnamoorthy, Paramasivam; Sathyadevi, Palanisamy; Butorac, Rachel R; Cowley, Alan H; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai S P; Dharmaraj, Nallasamy

    2012-06-14

    Three new bivalent nickel hydrazone complexes have been synthesised from the reactions of [NiCl(2)(PPh(3))(2)] with H(2)L {L = dianion of the hydrazones derived from the condensation of o-hydroxynaphthaldehyde with furoic acid hydrazide (H(2)L(1)) (1)/thiophene-2-acid hydrazide (H(2)L(2)) (2)/isonicotinic acid hydrazide (H(2)L(3)) (3)} and formulated as [Ni(L(1))(PPh(3))] (4), [Ni(L(2))(PPh(3))] (5) and [Ni(L(3))(PPh(3))] (6). Structural characterization of these compounds 4-6 were accomplished by using various physico-chemical techniques. Single crystal X-ray diffraction data of complexes 4 and 5 proved their distorted square planar geometry. In order to ascertain the potential of the above synthesised compounds towards biomolecular interactions, additional experiments involving interaction with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were carried out. All the ligands and corresponding nickel(ii) chelates have been screened for their scavenging effect towards O(2)(-), OH and NO radicals. The efficiency of complexes 4-6 to arrest the growth of HeLa, HepG-2 and A431 tumour cell lines has been studied along with the cell viability test against the non-cancerous NIH 3T3 cells under in vitro conditions.

  15. Synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of nickel(II) sulfamethazine complex with diethylenetriamine ligand.

    PubMed

    Bulut, İclal; Öztürk, Filiz; Bulut, Ahmet

    2015-03-05

    In this study, [Ni(dien)2]⋅smz2⋅(Hsmz: sulfamethazine and dien: diethylenetriamine) complex has been synthesized and its crystal structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction technique. The title complex crystallizes in orthorhombic system with space group Pbnb [a=8.556(5), b=16.228(5), c=28.209(5)Å, V=3917(3)Å(3) and Z=4]. The nickel(II) ion has distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The metal atom, which rides on a crystallographic center of symmetry, is coordinated by six nitrogen atoms of two dien ligands to form a discrete [Ni(dien)2](2+) unit, which captures two sulfamethazine ions, each through intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The powder EPR spectrum of Cu(2+) doped Ni(II) complex was recorded at room temperature. The vibrational investigation has been carried out by considering the characteristic bands related to the functional groups of the complex. The electrochemical behavior of Ni(II) ions in the presence and in the absence of smz and dien were studied by square wave and cyclic voltammetry. A well-defined irreversible peak at -1.112V different from those of the Ni(II)-smz (-0.876V) and the Ni(II)-dien complex (-1.064V) was observed in the solution containing Ni(II) ions, which was attributed to the formation of the new mixed ligand complex of Ni(II) with smz and dien.

  16. Polaron activation energy of nano porphyrin nickel(II) thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dongol, M.; El-Denglawey, A.; Elhady, A. F.; Abuelwafa, A. A.

    2014-08-01

    5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H, 23H-porphyrin nickel(II), NiTPP films were prepared by thermal evaporation method of mother powder material. Electrical as well as thermo-electric properties were investigated for the as-deposited and annealed NiTPP films. The effect of NiTPP film thickness (160-460 nm) and isochronal annealing in temperature range (300-348 K) on DC electrical properties were studied. Both bulk resistivity and the mean free path were determined; their values are 1.38 × 105 Ω cm and 0.433 nm, respectively. The electrical conductivity exhibits intrinsic and extrinsic conduction. The values of activation energy in extrinsic and intrinsic regions are 0.204 and 1.12 eV, respectively. Mott's parameters were determined at low temperature. Seebeck coefficient indicates p-type conduction of NiTPP films. Carrier density, mobility and holes concentration were determined. Seebeck coefficient decreases with the increasing of temperature, while the conductivity increases with the increasing of temperature. The difference between the conductivity and the thermoelectric power activation energies was attributed to the potential barrier grain boundaries.

  17. Polaron activation energy of nano porphyrin nickel(II) thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dongol, M.; El-Denglawey, A.; Elhady, A. F.; Abuelwafa, A. A.

    2015-01-01

    5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21 H, 23 H-porphyrin nickel(II), NiTPP films were prepared by thermal evaporation method of mother powder material. Electrical as well as thermo-electric properties were investigated for the as-deposited and annealed NiTPP films. The effect of NiTPP film thickness (160-460 nm) and isochronal annealing in temperature range (300-348 K) on DC electrical properties were studied. Both bulk resistivity and the mean free path were determined; their values are 1.38 × 105 Ω cm and 0.433 nm, respectively. The electrical conductivity exhibits intrinsic and extrinsic conduction. The values of activation energy in extrinsic and intrinsic regions are 0.204 and 1.12 eV, respectively. Mott's parameters were determined at low temperature. Seebeck coefficient indicates p-type conduction of NiTPP films. Carrier density, mobility and holes concentration were determined. Seebeck coefficient decreases with the increasing of temperature, while the conductivity increases with the increasing of temperature. The difference between the conductivity and the thermoelectric power activation energies was attributed to the potential barrier grain boundaries.

  18. Lysosomal and mitochondrial permeabilization mediates zinc(II) cationic phthalocyanine phototoxicity.

    PubMed

    Marino, Julieta; García Vior, María C; Furmento, Verónica A; Blank, Viviana C; Awruch, Josefina; Roguin, Leonor P

    2013-11-01

    In order to find a novel photosensitizer to be used in photodynamic therapy for cancer treatment, we have previously showed that the cationic zinc(II) phthalocyanine named Pc13, the sulfur-linked dye 2,9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis[(2-trimethylammonium) ethylsulfanyl]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraiodide, exerts a selective phototoxic effect on human nasopharynx KB carcinoma cells and induces an apoptotic response characterized by an increase in the activity of caspase-3. Since the activation of an apoptotic pathway by chemotherapeutic agents contributes to the elimination of malignant cells, in this study we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the antitumor action of Pc13. We found that after light exposure, Pc13 induced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are mediating the resultant cytotoxic action on KB cells. ROS led to an early permeabilization of lysosomal membranes as demonstrated by the reduction of lysosome fluorescence with acridine orange and the release of lysosomal proteases to cytosol. Treatment with antioxidants inhibited ROS generation, preserved the integrity of lysosomal membrane and increased cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Lysosome disruption was followed by mitochondrial depolarization, cytosolic release of cytochrome C and caspases activation. Although no change in the total amount of Bax was observed, the translocation of Bax from cytosol to mitochondria, the cleavage of the pro-apoptotic protein Bid, together with the decrease of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-XL and Bcl-2 indicated the involvement of Bcl-2 family proteins in the induction of the mitochondrial pathway. It was also demonstrated that cathepsin D, but not caspase-8, contributed to Bid cleavage. In conclusion, Pc13-induced cell photodamage is triggered by ROS generation and activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway through the release of lysosomal proteases. In addition, our results also indicated that Pc13 induced

  19. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties of acenaphthene benzohydrazide based ligand and its zinc(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Mukesh; Roy, Soumyabrata; Faizi, Md. Serajul Haque; Kumar, Santosh; Singh, Mantu Kumar; Kishor, Shyam; Peter, Sebastian C.; John, Rohith P.

    2017-01-01

    The complex compound of zinc(II) supported by (Z)-2-hydroxy-N‧-(1-oxoacenaphthylen-2(1H) ylidene)benzohydrazide ligand (H2L1) has been reported and discussed. The reaction of zinc acetate with H2L1 ligand leads to the formation of a mononuclear zinc(ii) complex, [Zn(HL1)2H2O]. The ligand, H2L1 has been characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C and 1Hsbnd COSY -NMR, IR and ESI-MS, while the complex was characterized by elemental analysis, IR, and ESI-MS. The crystal structures of the free ligand H2L1 and the complex have also been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The ligand chelates with metal centre with a nitrogen atom of imino moiety and an oxygen atom of enolic group. The complex shows distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry around the metal centre with oxygen atoms lying in the equatorial plane and imino nitrogen atoms along the axial direction. The DFT/TD-DFT calculations were performed on both the ligand and its zinc complex to get insight into the structural, electronic and optical properties. The photoluminescence, fluorescence properties of the complex have been investigated.

  20. Synthesis and in vitro anticancer activity of zinc(II) phthalocyanines conjugated with coumarin derivatives for dual photodynamic and chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xiao-Qin; Meng, Lu-Bo; Huang, Qi; Li, Jun; Zheng, Ke; Zhang, Feng-Ling; Liu, Jian-Yong; Xue, Jin-Ping

    2015-02-01

    The combination of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy is a promising strategy to overcome growing problems in contemporary medicine, such as low therapeutic efficacy and drug resistance. Four zinc(II) phthalocyanine-coumarin conjugates were synthesized and characterized. In these complexes, zinc(II) phthalocyanine was used as the photosensitizing unit, and a coumarin derivative was selected as the cytostatic moiety; the two components were linked via a tri(ethylene glycol) chain. These conjugates exhibit high photocytotoxicity against HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells, with low IC50 values in the range of 0.014-0.044 μM. The high photodynamic activities of these conjugates are in accordance with their low aggregation tendency and high cellular uptake. One of these conjugates exhibits high photocytotoxicity and significantly higher chemocytotoxicity. The results clearly show that the two antitumor components in these conjugates work in a cooperative fashion. As shown by confocal microscopy, the conjugates can localize in the mitochondria and lysosomes, and one of the conjugates can also localize in the cell nuclei.

  1. Microwave Assisted Synthesis, Characterisation and Fluorescence Studies of some Transition Metal Complexes with a Luminol Derivative.

    PubMed

    Aswathy, R; Mohanan, K

    2017-03-07

    A novel heterocyclic luminol derivative was synthesized by coupling diazotized 5-aminophthalhydrazide with 2-naphthol. This compound viz., Phthalhydrazide-5-azo-2-naphthol is versatile in forming stable metal complexes with cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) ions under microwave assisted solvent free conditions. The ligand and the metal complexes were characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, UV-Visible, IR, (1)H NMR, and ESR spectral studies wherever possible and applicable. The fluorescence spectra of the ligand and its metal complexes were also recorded. The fluorescence life time measurements were conducted and it was observed that binding of the ligand to the metal ion decreases the average life time of the metal complexes.

  2. Utilizing reversible copper(II) peptide coordination in a sequence-selective luminescent receptor.

    PubMed

    Stadlbauer, Stefan; Riechers, Alexander; Späth, Andreas; König, Burkhard

    2008-01-01

    Although vast information about the coordination ability of amino acids and peptides to metal ions is available, little use of this has been made in the rational design of selective peptide receptors. We have combined a copper(II) nitrilotriacetato (NTA) complex with an ammonium-ion-sensitive and luminescent benzocrown ether. This compound revealed micromolar affinities and selectivities for glycine- and histidine-containing sequences, which closely resembles those of copper(II) ion peptide binding: the two free coordination sites of the copper(II) NTA complex bind to imidazole and amido nitrogen atoms, replicating the initial coordination steps of non-complexed copper(II) ions. The benzocrown ether recognizes the N-terminal amino moiety intramolecularly, and the significantly increased emission intensity signals the binding event, because only if prior coordination of the peptide has taken place is the intramolecular ammonium ion-benzocrown ether interaction of sufficient strength in water to trigger an emission signal. Intermolecular ammonium ion-benzocrown ether binding is not observed. Isothermal titration calorimetry confirmed the binding constants derived from emission titrations. Thus, as deduced from peptide coordination studies, the combination of a truncated copper(II) coordination sphere and a luminescent benzocrown ether allows for the more rational design of sequence-selective peptide receptors.

  3. Defective dicubane-like tetranuclear nickel(II) cyanate and azide nanoscale magnets.

    PubMed

    Serna, Zurine; De la Pinta, Noelia; Urtiaga, M Karmele; Lezama, Luis; Madariaga, Gotzon; Clemente-Juan, J Modesto; Coronado, Eugenio; Cortés, Roberto

    2010-12-20

    Four tetrameric nickel(II) pseudohalide complexes have been synthesized and structurally, spectroscopically, and magnetically characterized. Compounds 1-3 are isostructural and exhibit the general formula [Ni(2)(dpk·OH)(dpk·CH(3)O)(L)(H(2)O)](2)A(2)·2H(2)O, where dpk = di-2-pyridylketone; L = N(3)(-), and A = ClO(4)(-) for 1, L = NCO(-) and A = ClO(4)(-) for 2, and L = NCO(-) and A = NO(3)(-) for 3. The formula for 4 is [Ni(4)(dpk·OH)(3) (dpk·CH(3)O)(2)(NCO)](BF(4))(2)·3H(2)O. The ligands dpk·OH(-) and dpk·CH(3)O(-) result from solvolysis and ulterior deprotonation of dpk in water and methanol, respectively. The four tetramers exhibit a dicubane-like core with two missing vertexes where the Ni(II) ions are connected through end-on pseudohalide and oxo bridges. Magnetic measurements showed that compounds 1-4 are ferromagnetic. The values of the exchange constants were determined by means of a theoretical model based on three different types of coupling. Thus, the calculated J values (J(1) = J(2), J(3), and D) were 5.6, 11.8, and 5.6 cm(-1) for 1, 5.5, 12.0, and 5.6 cm(-1) for 2, 6.3, 4.9, and 6.2 cm(-1) for 3, and (J(1), J(2), J(3), and D) 6.9, 7.0, 15.2, and 4.8 cm(-1) for 4.

  4. Development of highly sensitive extractive spectrophotometric determination of nickel(II) in medicinal leaves, soil, industrial effluents and standard alloy samples using pyridoxal-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Sarma, Loka Subramanyam; Kumar, Jyothi Rajesh; Reddy, Koduru Janardhan; Thriveni, Thenepalli; Reddy, Ammireddy Varada

    2008-01-01

    Pyridoxal-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (PPT) is proposed as a new sensitive reagent for the extractive spectrophotometric determination of nickel(II). PPT reacts with nickel(II) in the pH range 4.0-6.0 to form a reddish brown colored complex, which was well-extracted into n-butanol. The absorbance value of the Ni(II)-PPT complex was measured at different time intervals at 430nm, to ascertain the stability of the complex. The system obeyed Beer's law up to 0.5-5.0microgmL(-1) of nickel(II), with an excellent linearity in terms of the correlation coefficient value of 0.99. The molar absorptivity and Sandell's sensitivity of the extracted species are 1.92 x 10(4)Lmol(-1)cm(-1) and 0.003057microgcm(-2) respectively at 430nm. The detection limit of the method is 0.069microgmL(-1). To assess precision and accuracy of the developed method, determinations were carried out at different concentrations. The relative standard deviation of all measurements does not exceed 2.62%. The developed method has been satisfactorily applied for the determination of nickel(II), when present alone or in the presence of diverse ions, which are usually associated with nickel(II) in medicinal leaves, soil and industrial effluent samples. Various standard and certified reference materials (CM 247 LC, IN 718, BCS 233, 266, 253 and 251) have also been tested for the determination of nickel for the purpose of validation of the present method. The results of the proposed method are compared with those obtained from an atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS).

  5. Synthetic, structural, electrochemical and solvent extraction studies of neutral trinuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) metallocycles and tetrahedral tetranuclear Fe(III) species incorporating 1,4-aryl-linked bis-beta-diketonato ligands.

    PubMed

    Clegg, Jack K; Bray, David J; Gloe, Kerstin; Gloe, Karsten; Jolliffe, Katrina A; Lawrance, Geoffrey A; Lindoy, Leonard F; Meehan, George V; Wenzel, Marco

    2008-03-14

    Uncharged complexes, formulated as trimeric metallocycles of type [M3(L(1))3(Py)6] (where M = cobalt(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) and L(1) is the doubly deprotonated form of a 1,4-phenylene linked bis-beta-diketone ligand of type 1,4-bis(RC(O)CH2C(O))C6H4 (R = t-Bu)) have been synthesised, adding to related, previously reported complexes of these metals with L(1) (R = Ph) and copper(ii) with L(1) (R = Me, Et, Pr, t-Bu, Ph). New lipophilic ligand derivatives with R = hexyl, octyl or nonyl were also prepared for use in solvent extraction experiments. The X-ray structures of H2L(1) (R = t-Bu) and of its trinuclear (triangular) nickel(II) complex [Ni3(L(1))3(Py)6].3.5Py (R = t-Bu) are also presented. Electrochemical studies of H2L(1), [Co3(L(1))3(Py)6], [Ni3(L(1))3(Py)6], [Cu3(L(1))3], [Zn3(L(1))3(Py)6] and [Fe4(L(1))6] (all with R = t-Bu) show that oxidative processes for the complexes are predominantly irreversible, but several examples of quasireversible behaviour also occur and support the assignment of an anodic process, seen between +1.0 and +1.6 V, as involving metal-centred oxidations. The reduction behaviour for the respective metal complexes is not simple, being irreversible in most cases. Solvent extraction studies (water/chloroform) involving the systematic variation of the metal, bis-beta-diketone and heterocyclic base concentrations have been performed for cobalt(II) and zinc(II) using a radiotracer technique in order to probe the stoichiometries of the respective extracted species. Significant extraction synergism was observed when 4-ethylpyridine was also present with the bis-beta-diketone ligand in the chloroform phase. Competitive extraction studies demonstrated a clear uptake preference for copper(II) over cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II).

  6. Synthesis, structural and optical properties of 1-alkyl-2-(2'-tosylaminophenyl)-5-nitrobenzimidazoles and their zinc(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burlov, Anatolii S.; Koshchienko, Yurii V.; Kiskin, Mikhail A.; Nikolaevskii, Stanislav A.; Garnovskii, Dmitrii A.; Lermontov, Anatolii S.; Makarova, Nadegda I.; Metelitsa, Anatolii V.; Eremenko, Igor L.

    2016-01-01

    A series of novel benzimidazole derivatives 1-alkyl-2-(2'-tosylaminophenyl)-5-nitrobenzimidazoles with common formulas HL (1-3) (R = C2H5 (1); R = n-C3H7 (2); R = n-C4H9(3)) and their mononuclear zinc(II) complexes ZnL2 (4-6) have been synthesized in a molar ratio Zn: HL = 1:2 in methanol solutions. Formulation of 1-6 is based upon satisfactory C, H, N, S elemental analyses, IR and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopies, while the structures of 2, 3, 5, 6 were determined by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The optical properties of 1-6 were investigated.

  7. Synthesis, spectroscopic and thermal studies of the copper(II) aspartame chloride complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Çakır, S.; Coşkun, E.; Naumov, P.; Biçer, E.; Bulut, İ.; İçbudak, H.; Çakır, O.

    2002-08-01

    Aspartame adduct of copper(II) chloride Cu(Asp) 2Cl 2·2H 2O (Asp=aspartame) is synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT IR, UV/vis, ESR spectroscopies, TG, DTG, DTA measurements and molecular mechanics calculations. Aqueous solution of the green solid absorbs strongly at 774 and 367 nm. According to the FT IR spectra, the aspartame moiety coordinates to the copper(II) ion via its carboxylate ends, whereas the ammonium terminal groups give rise to hydrogen bonding network with the water, the chloride ions or neighboring carboxylate groups. The results suggest tetragonally distorted octahedral environment of the copper ions.

  8. Kinetic behaviour of Duolite ES 468 in the cosorption of non-ionic surfactant and copper(II).

    PubMed

    Kauspediene, D; Snukiskis, J; Gefeniene, A

    2003-05-30

    Kinetic behaviour of the hydrogen form of Duolite ES 468 polyacrylic acid-functionalised cation exchanger with respect to the sorption of non-ionic surfactant alkylmonoethers (ALM-10) and copper(II) has been investigated; kinetic curves have been obtained, using spectrophotometric determination for ALM-10 and complexometric one for copper(II). Kinetic coefficient (B), intraparticle diffusion coefficient (D; m(2)s(-1)) and overall rate constant (k(o); s(-1)) for non-ionic surfactant and copper(II) depend on the solution composition, pH and the maximum sorption at the equilibrium. On increasing the solution acidity from pH 5 to pH 3 a decrease in both D and the equilibrium sorption for copper(II) although an increase in D for ALM-10 is observed. The action of copper(II) results in an increase in both D for ALM-10 and the maximum sorption at the equilibrium, whereas the action of ALM-10 leads to a decrease in the corresponding parameters for copper(II). Hydrogen form of Duolite ES 468 polyacrylic acid-functionalised cation exchanger is suitable for the simultaneous removal of non-ionic surfactant and copper(II) from waste water.

  9. Copper(II) complexes with heterocyclic hydroxyimino-containing ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Kogan, V.A.; Burlov, A.S.; Popov, L.D.; Lukov, V.V.; Koshchienko, Yu.V.; Tsupak, E.B.; Barchan, G.P.; Chigarenko, G.G.; Bolotnikov, V.S.

    1988-05-01

    The reaction of oximes (R = Ph (L'), C=N (L'')) with the copper(II) salts CuA/sub 2/ in methanol has given the complexes CuL/sub 2/ ' x H/sub 2/O and CuL/sub 2//sup ''/ x 2H/sub 2/O (I) (A = Acet/sup -/), CuHLCl/sub 2/ x H/sub 2/O (II) (A = Cl/sup -/), CuLOH(ClO/sub 4/)/sub 2/ x 2H/sub 2/O (III) (A = ClO/sub 4//sup -/) and the complexes Cu/sub 3/L/sub 3//sup '/OH(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ and Cu/sub 3/L/sub 3//sup ''/(OH)/sub 2/NO/sub 3/ (IV) (A = NO/sub 3//sup -/). Their physicochemical properties have been studied by the methods of IR spectroscopy and magnetochemistry. It has been shown that complexes I have a chelate structure and that their magnetic moments are not dependent on the temperature. An anti-ferromagnetic exchange interaction takes place in complexes II-IV. On the basis of magnetochemical measurements over a broad temperature range and data calculated in the framework of the Heisenberg-Dirac-Van Vleck model of isotropic exchange interactions, a dimeric structure has been proposed for the complexes of type II, and a trinuclear cluster structure has been proposed for complexes III and IV.

  10. A new family of trinuclear nickel(II) complexes as single-molecule magnets.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Rituparna; Ida, Yumi; Baker, Michael L; Biswas, Saptarshi; Kar, Paramita; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Ishida, Takayuki; Ghosh, Ashutosh

    2013-03-18

    Three new trinuclear nickel (II) complexes with the general composition [Ni3 L3 (OH)(X)](ClO4 ) have been prepared in which X=Cl(-) (1), OCN(-) (2), or N3(-) (3) and HL is the tridentate N,N,O donor Schiff base ligand 2-[(3-dimethylaminopropylimino)methyl]phenol. Single-crystal structural analyses revealed that all three complexes have a similar Ni3 core motif with three different types of bridging, namely phenoxido (μ2 and μ3 ), hydroxido (μ3 ), and μ2 -Cl (1), μ1,1 -NCO (2), or μ1,1 -N3 (3). The nickel(II) ions adopt a compressed octahedron geometry. Single-crystal magnetization measurements on complex 1 revealed that the pseudo-three-fold axis of Ni3 corresponds to a magnetic easy axis, being consistent with the magnetic anisotropy expected from the coordination structure of each nickel ion. Temperature-dependent magnetic measurements indicated ferromagnetic coupling leading to an S=3 ground state with 2J/k=17, 17, and 28 K for 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with the nickel atoms in an approximate equilateral triangle. The high-frequency EPR spectra in combination with spin Hamiltonian simulations that include zero-field splitting parameters DNi /k=-5, -4, and -4 K for 1, 2, and 3, respectively, reproduced the EPR spectra well after a anisotropic exchange term was introduced. Anisotropic exchange was identified as Di,j /k=-0.9, -0.8, and -0.8 K for 1, 2, and 3, respectively, whereas no evidence of single-ion rhombic anisotropy was observed spectroscopically. Slow relaxation of the magnetization at low temperatures is evident from the frequency-dependence of the out-of-phase ac susceptibilities. Pulsed-field magnetization recorded at 0.5 K shows clear steps in the hysteresis loop at 0.5-1 T, which has been assigned to quantum tunneling, and is characteristic of single-molecule magnets.

  11. Reactivity of mononuclear alkylperoxo copper(II) complex. O-O bond cleavage and C-H bond activation.

    PubMed

    Kunishita, Atsushi; Ishimaru, Hirohito; Nakashima, Satoru; Ogura, Takashi; Itoh, Shinobu

    2008-04-02

    A detailed reactivity study has been carried out for the first time on a new mononuclear alkylperoxo copper(II) complex, which is generated by the reaction of copper(II) complex supported by the bis(pyridylmethyl)amine tridentate ligand containing a phenyl group at the 6-position of the pyridine donor groups and cumene hydroperoxide (CmOOH) in CH3CN. The cumylperoxo copper(II) complex thus obtained has been found to undergo homolytic cleavage of the O-O bond and induce C-H bond activation of exogenous substrates, providing important insights into the catalytic mechanism of copper monooxygenases.

  12. Crystal structure of nonadentate tricompartmental ligand derived from pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid: Spectroscopic, electrochemical and thermal investigations of its transition metal(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vadavi, Ramesh S.; Shenoy, Rashmi V.; Badiger, Dayananda S.; Gudasi, Kalagouda B.; Devi, L. Gomathi; Nethaji, Munirathinam

    2011-07-01

    The coordinating behavior of a new dihydrazone ligand, 2,6-bis[(3-methoxysalicylidene)hydrazinocarbonyl]pyridine towards manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) has been described. The metal complexes were characterized by magnetic moments, conductivity measurements, spectral (IR, NMR, UV-Vis, FAB-Mass and EPR) and thermal studies. The ligand crystallizes in triclinic system, space group P-1, with α = 98.491(10)°, β = 110.820(10)° and γ = 92.228(10)°. The cell dimensions are a = 10.196(7) Å, b = 10.814(7) Å, c = 10.017(7) Å, Z = 2 and V = 1117.4(12). IR spectral studies reveal the nonadentate behavior of the ligand. All the complexes are neutral in nature and possess six-coordinate geometry around each metal center. The X-band EPR spectra of copper(II) complex at both room temperature and liquid nitrogen temperature showed unresolved broad signals with giso = 2.106. Cyclic voltametric studies of copper(II) complex at different scan rates reveal that all the reaction occurring are irreversible.

  13. Mononuclear zinc(II) complexes of 2-((2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethylimino)methyl)-4-substituted phenols: Synthesis, structural characterization, DNA binding and cheminuclease activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ravichandran, J.; Gurumoorthy, P.; Karthick, C.; Kalilur Rahiman, A.

    2014-03-01

    Four new zinc(II) complexes [Zn(HL1-4)Cl2] (1-4), where HL1-4 = 2-((2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethylimino)methyl)-4-substituted phenols, have been isolated and fully characterized using various spectro-analytical techniques. The X-ray crystal structure of complex 4 shows the distorted trigonal-bipyramidal coordination geometry around zinc(II) ion. The crystal packing is stabilized by intermolecular NH⋯O hydrogen bonding interaction. The complexes display no d-d electronic band in the visible region due to d10 electronic configuration of zinc(II) ion. The electrochemical properties of the synthesized ligands and their complexes exhibit similar voltammogram at reduction potential due to electrochemically innocent Zn(II) ion, which evidenced that the electron transfer is due to the nature of the ligand. Binding interaction of complexes with calf thymus DNA was studied by UV-Vis absorption titration, viscometric titration and cyclic voltammetry. All complexes bind with CT DNA by intercalation, giving the binding affinity in the order of 2 > 1 ≫ 3 > 4. The prominent cheminuclease activity of complexes on plasmid DNA (pBR322 DNA) was observed in the absence and presence of H2O2. Oxidative pathway reveals that the underlying mechanism involves hydroxyl radical.

  14. Conformational Change in Molecular Assembly of Nickel(II) Tetra(n-propyl)porphycene Triggered by Potential Manipulation.

    PubMed

    Yoshimoto, Soichiro; Kawamoto, Teppei; Okawara, Toru; Hisaeda, Yoshio; Abe, Masaaki

    2016-12-27

    Metal-coordinated porphyrin and related compounds are important for developing molecular architectures that mimic enzymes. Porphycene, a structural isomer of porphyrin, has shown unique properties in semiartificial myoglobin. To explore its potential as a molecular building block, we studied the molecular assembly of nickel(II) tetra(n-propyl)porphycene (NiTPrPc), a metalloporphycene with introduced tetra n-propyl moieties, on the Au(111) electrode surface using in situ scanning tunneling microscopy. Because of the low molecular symmetry of NiTPrPc, the molecular assembly undergoes unique phase transitions due to conformational change of the n-propyl moieties. The phase transitions can be precisely controlled by the electrode potential, demonstrating that the latter can play an important role in the porphycene molecular assembly on Au surface. This new discovery indicates possible uses of this porphycene framework in molecular engineering.

  15. Spectral studies of complexes of nickel(II) with tetradentate schiff bases having N2O2 donor groups.

    PubMed

    Garg, B S; Nandan Kumar, Deo

    2003-01-15

    Complexes of nickel(II) of N,N'-disalicylidene-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2dsp), N,N'-disalicylidene-3,4-diaminotoluene (H2dst), 4-nitro-N,N'-disalicylidene-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2ndsp) and N,N'-disalicylidene ethylenediamine (H2salen) have been prepared and characterised by elemental analysis, electronic, IR, magnetic susceptibility measurement, 1H NMR and thermal studies. TG studies show that the Ni(dsp) and Ni(salen) complex decomposed in one step and Ni(dst) and Ni(ndsp) complex in two steps. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were computed from the thermal decomposition data. The activation energy of either one step decomposition or two step decomposition of complexes lies 72-95 kJ mol(-1) range.

  16. Phosphate effects on copper(II) and lead(II) sorption to ferrihydrite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiberg, Charlotta; Sjöstedt, Carin; Persson, Ingmar; Gustafsson, Jon Petter

    2013-11-01

    Transport of lead(II) and copper(II) ions in soil is affected by the soil phosphorus status. Part of the explanation may be that phosphate increases the adsorption of copper(II) and lead(II) to iron (hydr)oxides in soil, but the details of these interactions are poorly known. Knowledge about such mechanisms is important, for example, in risk assessments of contaminated sites and development of remediation methods. We used a combination of batch experiments, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and surface complexation modeling with the three-plane CD-MUSIC model to study the effect of phosphate on sorption of copper(II) and lead(II) to ferrihydrite. The aim was to identify the surface complexes formed and to derive constants for the surface complexation reactions. In the batch experiments phosphate greatly enhanced the adsorption of copper(II) and lead(II) to ferrihydrite at pH < 6. The largest effects were seen for lead(II).

  17. Toxicity of copper(II) ions to microorganisms in biological wastewater treatment systems.

    PubMed

    Ochoa-Herrera, Valeria; León, Glendy; Banihani, Qais; Field, Jim A; Sierra-Alvarez, Reyes

    2011-12-15

    Copper is an essential element, however, this heavy metal is an inhibitor of microbial activity at relatively low concentrations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of copper(II) towards various microbial trophic groups responsible for the removal of organic constituents and nutrients in wastewater treatment processes. The results of the batch bioassays indicated that copper(II) caused severe inhibition of key microbial populations in wastewater treatment systems. Denitrifying bacteria were found to be very sensitive to the presence of copper(II). The concentrations of copper(II) causing 50% inhibition (IC(50)) on the metabolic activity of denitrifiers was 0.95 mg L(-1). Copper was also inhibitory to fermentative bacteria, aerobic glucose-degrading heterotrophs, and nitrifying bacteria (IC(50) values=3.5, 4.6 and 26.5 mg L(-1), respectively). Nonetheless, denitrifying and nitrifying bacteria showed considerable recovery of their metabolic activity after only several days of exposure to high copper levels (up to 25 and 100mg Cu(II) L(-1) for denitrification and nitrification, respectively). The recovery could be due to attenuation of soluble copper or to microbial adaptation.

  18. Nickel-quinolones interaction. Part 1 - Nickel(II) complexes with the antibacterial drug sparfloxacin: structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Skyrianou, Kalliopi C; Efthimiadou, Eleni K; Psycharis, Vassilis; Terzis, Aris; Kessissoglou, Dimitris P; Psomas, George

    2009-12-01

    The mononuclear nickel(II) complexes with the third-generation quinolone antibacterial agent sparfloxacin in the absence or presence of nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligands (1,10-phenanthroline or 2,2'-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized. The experimental data suggest that sparfloxacin acts as deprotonated bidentate ligand coordinated to Ni(II) ion through the ketone and carboxylato oxygens. The crystal structure of (1,10-phenanthroline)bis(sparfloxacinato) nickel(II), 2 has been determined by X-ray crystallography. The cyclic voltammograms of the complexes recorded in dmso solution and in 1/2 dmso/buffer (containing 150 mM NaCl and 15 mM trisodium citrate at pH 7.0) solution have shown that in the presence of CT DNA they can bind to CT DNA by the intercalative binding mode. UV study of the interaction of the complexes with calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) has shown that the complexes can bind to CT DNA and 2 exhibits the highest binding constant to CT DNA. Competitive study with ethidium bromide (EB) has shown that the complexes can displace the DNA-bound EB indicating that they bind to DNA in strong competition with EB for the intercalative binding site. The antimicrobial activity of the complexes has been tested on three different microorganisms and has revealed that the inhibition provided by the complexes is slightly decreased in comparison to free sparfloxacin. The complexes exhibit good binding propensity to human and bovine serum albumin proteins having relatively high binding constant values.

  19. The Amyloid Precursor Protein of Alzheimer's Disease in the Reduction of Copper(II) to Copper(I)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Multhaup, Gerd; Schlicksupp, Andrea; Hesse, Lars; Beher, Dirk; Ruppert, Thomas; Masters, Colin L.; Beyreuther, Konrad

    1996-03-01

    The transition metal ion copper(II) has a critical role in chronic neurologic diseases. The amyloid precursor protein (APP) of Alzheimer's disease or a synthetic peptide representing its copper-binding site reduced bound copper(II) to copper(I). This copper ion-mediated redox reaction led to disulfide bond formation in APP, which indicated that free sulfhydryl groups of APP were involved. Neither superoxide nor hydrogen peroxide had an effect on the kinetics of copper(II) reduction. The reduction of copper(II) to copper(I) by APP involves an electron-transfer reaction and could enhance the production of hydroxyl radicals, which could then attack nearby sites. Thus, copper-mediated toxicity may contribute to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.

  20. Simultaneous Determination of Cobalt(II) and Nickel(II) by Fourth-Order Derivative Spectrophotometric Method Using 2-Hydroxy-3-Methoxy Benzaldehyde Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, A. Praveen; Reddy, P. Raveendra; Reddy, V. Krishna

    2007-01-01

    A simple and new simultaneous fourth derivative spectrophotometric method is proposed for the analysis of a two-component system containing cobalt(II) and nickel(II) without separation using 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (HMBATSC) as a chromophoric reagent. The reagent reacts with cobalt(II) and nickel(II) at pH 6.0, forming soluble brown and yellow colored species, respectively. Cobalt(II) and nickel(II) present in themixture are simultaneously determined without solving the simultaneous equations bymeasuring the fourth derivative amplitudes at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm, respectively. The derivative amplitudes obey Beer's law at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm for Co(II) and Ni(II) in the range 0.059–3.299 μg mL−1 and 0.058–3.285 μg mL−1 respectively. A large number of foreign ions do not interfere in the present method. The present simultaneous method is used for the determination of micro amounts of cobalt in biological samples, nickel in plant samples, and in some alloy steels and soil sample. PMID:17671609

  1. Transition metal complexes of neocryptolepine analogues. Part I: synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and invitro anticancer activity of copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Emam, Sanaa Moustafa; El Sayed, Ibrahim El Tantawy; Nassar, Nagla

    2015-03-05

    New generation of copper(II) complexes with aminoalkylaminoneocryptolepine as bidentate ligands has been synthesized and it is characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic moment, spectra (IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR and ESR) and thermal studies. The IR data suggest the coordination modes for ligands which behave as a bidentate with copper(II) ion. Based on the elemental analysis, magnetic studies, electronic and ESR data, binuclear square planar geometry was proposed for complexes 7a, 7b, square pyramidal for 9a, 9b and octahedral for 8a, 8b, 10a, 10b. The molar conductance in DMF solution indicates that all complexes are electrolyte except 7a and 7b. The ESR spectra of solid copper(II) complexes in powder form showed an axial symmetry with (2)B1g as a ground state and hyperfine structure. The thermal stability and degradation of the ligands and their metal complexes were studied employing DTA and TG methods. The metal-free ligands and their copper(II) complexes were tested for their in vitro anticancer activity against human colon carcinoma (HT-29). The results showed that the synthesized copper(II) complexes exhibited higher anticancer activity than their free ligands. Of all the studied copper(II) complexes, the bromo-substituted complex 9b exhibited high anticancer activity at low micromolar inhibitory concentrations (IC50=0.58μM), compared to the other complexes and the free ligands.

  2. Transition metal complexes of neocryptolepine analogues. Part I: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and invitro anticancer activity of copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emam, Sanaa Moustafa; El Sayed, Ibrahim El Tantawy; Nassar, Nagla

    2015-03-01

    New generation of copper(II) complexes with aminoalkylaminoneocryptolepine as bidentate ligands has been synthesized and it is characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic moment, spectra (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and ESR) and thermal studies. The IR data suggest the coordination modes for ligands which behave as a bidentate with copper(II) ion. Based on the elemental analysis, magnetic studies, electronic and ESR data, binuclear square planar geometry was proposed for complexes 7a, 7b, square pyramidal for 9a, 9b and octahedral for 8a, 8b, 10a, 10b. The molar conductance in DMF solution indicates that all complexes are electrolyte except 7a and 7b. The ESR spectra of solid copper(II) complexes in powder form showed an axial symmetry with 2B1g as a ground state and hyperfine structure. The thermal stability and degradation of the ligands and their metal complexes were studied employing DTA and TG methods. The metal-free ligands and their copper(II) complexes were tested for their in vitro anticancer activity against human colon carcinoma (HT-29). The results showed that the synthesized copper(II) complexes exhibited higher anticancer activity than their free ligands. Of all the studied copper(II) complexes, the bromo-substituted complex 9b exhibited high anticancer activity at low micromolar inhibitory concentrations (IC50 = 0.58 μM), compared to the other complexes and the free ligands.

  3. Synthesis, characterization and investigation of the photophysical and photochemical properties of highly soluble novel metal-free, zinc(II), and indium(III) phthalocyanines substituted with 2,3,6-trimethylphenoxy moieties.

    PubMed

    Gürel, Ekrem; Pişkin, Mehmet; Altun, Selçuk; Odabaş, Zafer; Durmuş, Mahmut

    2015-04-07

    This work presents the synthesis and characterization of metal-free, zinc(II), and indium(III)acetate phthalocyanines substituted with 2,3,6-trimethylphenoxy groups at the peripheral and non-peripheral positions. The photophysical (fluorescence quantum yields and lifetimes) and photochemical (singlet oxygen generation and photodegradation under light irradiation) properties of these novel phthalocyanines and unsubstituted zinc(II) and indium(III)acetate phthalocyanines were investigated in dimethylformamide solution. The effects of the types of substituents and their positions and the variety of central metal ions on the phthalocyanine core on their spectroscopic, photophysical and photochemical properties were also determined. The studied 2,3,6-trimethylphenoxy substituted metal-free, zinc(II) and indium(III)acetate phthalocyanines especially indium(III)acetate derivatives exhibited appropriate photophysical and photochemical properties such as high singlet oxygen generation and these phthalocyanines can be potential Type II photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy in cancer applications.

  4. Octanuclear zinc(II) and cobalt(II) clusters produced by cooperative tetrameric assembling of oxime chelate ligands.

    PubMed

    Akine, Shigehisa; Dong, Wenkui; Nabeshima, Tatsuya

    2006-06-12

    We have synthesized an octanuclear zinc(II) cluster [L4Zn8(H2O)3] by the complexation of 3-hydroxysalamo (H4L) with zinc(II) acetate. The complex crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P, with unit cell parameters a = 18.233(10) A, b = 20.518(11) A, c = 21.366(11) A, alpha = 98.7557(2) degrees, beta = 99.191(11) degrees, gamma = 108.309(10) degrees, and Z = 4. The crystallographic analysis revealed the S4 symmetrical assembling of four ligands and that the tetrameric complex has three water molecules in an unsymmetrical fashion. Spectroscopic analysis of the complex strongly suggests that the octanuclear cluster also exists in solution and maintains a conformation similar to that in the crystal structure, although exchange of the coordinating water molecules presumably takes place. In addition, the formation process of the octanuclear complex is highly cooperative. A high coordinating ability of the [(salamo)Zn] unit as well as the catecholato2- moieties probably stabilizes the octanuclear assembly and makes the complexation process cooperative. The corresponding octanuclear cobalt(II) cluster [L4Co8(EtOH)3] was prepared in a similar manner. Complex [L4Co8(H2O)2X] (X = H2O or EtOH) was obtained by the recrystallization from chloroform/hexane. The complex crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P, with unit cell parameters a = 15.2359(10) A, b = 16.9625(12) A, c = 18.9325(13) A, alpha = 101.9710(10) degrees, beta = 105.5410(10) degrees, gamma = 97.1290(10) degrees, and Z = 2. Temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility showed a continuous decrease in the chi(M)T value with decreasing temperature, suggesting antiferromagnetic interaction among cobalt(II) ions. The magnetic susceptibility above 40 K obeys the Curie-Weiss law with a Weiss constant theta of -39 K and a Curie constant C of 19.7 cm(3) K mol(-1).

  5. Structural, MALDI-TOF-MS, magnetic and spectroscopic studies of new dinuclear copper(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes containing a biomimicking μ-OH bridge.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Cristina; Bastida, Rufina; Macías, Alejandro; Valencia, Laura; Neuman, Nicolás I; Rizzi, Alberto C; Brondino, Carlos D; González, Pablo J; Capelo, José Luis; Lodeiro, Carlos

    2010-12-28

    The Py(2)N(4)S(2) octadentate coordinating ligand afforded dinuclear cobalt, copper and zinc complexes and the corresponding mixed metal compounds. The overall geometry and bonding modes have been deduced on the basis of elemental analysis data, MALDI-TOF-MS, IR, UV-vis and EPR spectroscopies, single-crystal X-Ray diffraction, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. In the copper and zinc complexes, a μ-hydroxo bridge links the two metal ions. In both cases, the coordination geometry is distorted octahedral. Magnetic and EPR data reveal weakly antiferromagnetic high spin Co(II) ions, compatible with a dinuclear structure. The magnetic characterization of the dinuclear Cu(II) compound indicates a ferromagnetically coupled dimer with weak antiferromagnetic intermolecular interactions. The intra-dimer ferromagnetic behaviour was unexpected for a Cu(II) dimer with such μ-hydroxo bridging topology. We discuss the influence on the magnetic properties of non-covalent interactions between the bridging moiety and the lattice free water molecules.

  6. Synthesis, structure and characterization of neutral coordination polymers of 5,5'-bistetrazole with copper(ii), zinc(ii) and cadmium(ii): a new route to reconcile oxygen balance and nitrogen content of high-energy MOFs.

    PubMed

    Chen, Sitong; Zhang, Bo; Yang, Li; Wang, Lin; Zhang, Tonglai

    2016-11-14

    Hydrothermal reactions of Cu(ii)/Zn(ii)/Cd(ii) with 5,5'-bistetrazole (H2BT) lead to three new energetic coordination polymers: [CuBT(H2O)]n (1), [ZnBT(H2O)2]n (2), and [CdBT(H2O)2]n (3). These crystal structures were determined by single X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 forms regular and compact 3-D frameworks and compounds 2-3 are 1-D chain structures. These compounds show prominent thermostability (Tdec = 349.1 °C for 1, 334.8 °C for 2, and 394.2 °C for 3) investigated by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Sensitivities towards impact and friction were measured. Compound 1 is sensitive to both impact and friction (100% explosion under the test conditions), while compounds 2-3 are sensitive to neither (0% explosion under the test conditions). The heats of detonation (ΔHdet) of 1-3 were calculated based on density functional theory (DFT). Compound 1 possesses the highest calculated ΔHdet (26.7267 kJ g(-1)) among the reported energetic MOFs. Moreover, compared with the reported energetic MOFs, compound 1 also has a good balance of high nitrogen content (51.46%) and high oxygen balance (-36.76%) as well as a very high crystal density of 2.505 g cm(-3).

  7. DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative.

    PubMed

    Terenzi, Alessio; Fanelli, Mirco; Ambrosi, Gianluca; Amatori, Stefano; Fusi, Vieri; Giorgi, Luca; Turco Liveri, Vincenzo; Barone, Giampaolo

    2012-04-21

    The interaction of calf thymus DNA with [CuL(ClO(4))]ClO(4)·H(2)O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H(2)O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.0(2,7).0(20,25)]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,28(1)-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)-DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 10(6) M(-1) for CuL(2+) and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 10(5) M(-1) for ZnL(2+). These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.

  8. Synthesis, crystal structures and spectroscopy of meclofenamic acid and its metal complexes with manganese(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II). Antiproliferative and superoxide dismutase activity.

    PubMed

    Kovala-Demertzi, Dimitra; Staninska, Malgorzata; Garcia-Santos, Isabel; Castineiras, Alfonso; Demertzis, Mavroudis A

    2011-09-01

    Some new complexes of meclofenamic acid (N-(2,6-dichloro-m-tolyl)anthranilic acid), Hmeclo (1), with potentially interesting biological activities are described. Complexes [Mn(meclo)(2)] (2), [Cu(meclo)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (3), [Zn(meclo)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (4) and [Cd(meclo)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (5) were prepared and structurally characterized by means of vibrational, electronic and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies. The crystal structure of complexes [Cu(4)(meclo)(6)(OH)(2)(DMSO)(2)]2DMSO (3a) and [Cd(meclo)(2)(DMSO)(3)] (5a) have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Complex (3a) is a centrosymmetric tetramer built up around the planar cyclic Cu(2)(OH)(2) unit. Complex 5a is mononuclear seven-coordinated complex with the meclofenamato ligand behaving as a bidentate deprotonated chelating ligand. Intra and intermolecular hydrogen bonds stabilize these two structures, while the crystal packing is determined by π-π and C-H--π interactions. Meclofenamic acid and its metal complexes have been evaluated for antiproliferative activity in vitro against the cells of three human cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (breast cancer cell line), T24 (bladder cancer cell line), and A-549 (non-small cell lung carcinoma), and a mouse fibroblast L-929 cell line. Complex 5 exhibits the highest selectivity against MCF-7 and 4 shows the highest selectivity against T-24. Complexes 2-5 were found to be more potent cytotoxic agents against T-24 and complex 5 against MCF-7 cancer cell lines than the prevalent benchmark metallodrug, cis-platin. The superoxide dismutase activity was measured by the Fridovich test which showed that complex [Cu(meclo)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] is a good superoxide scavenger.

  9. The Inorganic Side of NGF: Copper(II) and Zinc(II) Affect the NGF Mimicking Signaling of the N-Terminus Peptides Encompassing the Recognition Domain of TrkA Receptor

    PubMed Central

    Pandini, Giuseppe; Satriano, Cristina; Pietropaolo, Adriana; Gianì, Fiorenza; Travaglia, Alessio; La Mendola, Diego; Nicoletti, Vincenzo G.; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2016-01-01

    The nerve growth factor (NGF) N-terminus peptide, NGF(1–14), and its acetylated form, Ac-NGF(1–14), were investigated to scrutinize the ability of this neurotrophin domain to mimic the whole protein. Theoretical calculations demonstrated that non-covalent forces assist the molecular recognition of TrkA receptor by both peptides. Combined parallel tempering/docking simulations discriminated the effect of the N-terminal acetylation on the recognition of NGF(1–14) by the domain 5 of TrkA (TrkA-D5). Experimental findings demonstrated that both NGF(1–14) and Ac-NGF(1–14) activate TrkA signaling pathways essential for neuronal survival. The NGF-induced TrkA internalization was slightly inhibited in the presence of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions, whereas the metal ions elicited the NGF(1–14)-induced internalization of TrkA and no significant differences were found in the weak Ac-NGF(1–14)-induced receptor internalization. The crucial role of the metals was confirmed by experiments with the metal-chelator bathocuproine disulfonic acid, which showed different inhibitory effects in the signaling cascade, due to different metal affinity of NGF, NGF(1–14) and Ac-NGF(1–14). The NGF signaling cascade, activated by the two peptides, induced CREB phosphorylation, but the copper addition further stimulated the Akt, ERK and CREB phosphorylation in the presence of NGF and NGF(1–14) only. A dynamic and quick influx of both peptides into PC12 cells was tracked by live cell imaging with confocal microscopy. A significant role of copper ions was found in the modulation of peptide sub-cellular localization, especially at the nuclear level. Furthermore, a strong copper ionophoric ability of NGF(1–14) was measured. The Ac-NGF(1–14) peptide, which binds copper ions with a lower stability constant than NGF(1–14), exhibited a lower nuclear localization with respect to the total cellular uptake. These findings were correlated to the metal-induced increase of CREB and BDNF expression caused by NGF(1–14) stimulation. In summary, we here validated NGF(1–14) and Ac-NGF(1–14) as first examples of monomer and linear peptides able to activate the NGF-TrkA signaling cascade. Metal ions modulated the activity of both NGF protein and the NGF-mimicking peptides. Such findings demonstrated that NGF(1–14) sequence can reproduce the signal transduction of whole protein, therefore representing a very promising drug candidate for further pre-clinical studies. PMID:28090201

  10. Influence of the N-terminus acetylation of Semax, a synthetic analog of ACTH(4-10), on copper(II) and zinc(II) coordination and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Magrì, Antonio; Tabbì, Giovanni; Giuffrida, Alessandro; Pappalardo, Giuseppe; Satriano, Cristina; Naletova, Irina; Nicoletti, Vincenzo G; Attanasio, Francesco

    2016-11-01

    Semax is a heptapeptide (Met-Glu-His-Phe-Pro-Gly-Pro) that encompasses the sequence 4-7 of N-terminal domain of the adrenocorticotropic hormone and a C-terminal Pro-Gly-Pro tripeptide. N-terminal amino group acetylation (Ac-Semax) modulates the chemical and biological properties of parental peptide, modifying the ability of Semax to form complex species with Cu(II) ion. At physiological pH, the main complex species formed by Ac-Semax, [CuLH-2](2-), consists in a distorted CuN3O chromophore with a weak apical interaction of the methionine sulphur. Such a complex differs from the Cu(II)-Semax complex system, which exhibits a CuN4 chromophore. The reduced ligand field affects the [CuLH-2](2-) formal redox potential, which is more positive than that of Cu(II)-Semax corresponding species. In the amino-free form, the resulting complex species is redox-stable and unreactive against ascorbic acid, unlike the acetylated form. Semax acetylation did not protect from Cu(II) induced toxicity on a SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line, thus demonstrating the crucial role played by the free NH2 terminus in the cell protection. Since several brain diseases are associated either to Cu(II) or Zn(II) dyshomeostasis, here we characterized also the complex species formed by Zn(II) with Semax and Ac-Semax. Both peptides were able to form Zn(II) complex species with comparable strength. Confocal microscopy imaging confirmed that peptide group acetylation does not affect the Zn(II) influx in neuroblastoma cells. Moreover, a punctuate distribution of Zn(II) within the cells suggests a preferred subcellular localization that might explain the zinc toxic effect. A future perspective can be the use of Ac-Semax as ionophore in antibody drug conjugates to produce a dysmetallostasis in tumor cells.

  11. Synthesis, crystal structure and investigation of mononuclear copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a new carboxylate rich tripodal ligand and their interaction with carbohydrates in alkaline aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Christopher D; Pedraza, Mayra; Arman, Hadi; Fan, Hua-Jun; Schilling, Eduardo Luiz; Szpoganicz, Bruno; Musie, Ghezai T

    2015-08-01

    A new carboxylate rich asymmetric tripodal ligand, N-[2-carboxybenzomethyl]-N-[carboxymethyl]-β-alanine (H3camb), and its di-copper(II), (NH4)2[1]2, and di-zinc(II), ((CH3)4N)2[2]2, complexes have been synthesized as carbohydrate binding models in aqueous solutions. The ligand and complexes have been fully characterized using several techniques, including single crystal X-ray diffraction. The interactions of (NH4)2[1]2 and ((CH3)4N)2[2]2 with D-glucose, D-mannose, D-xylose and xylitol in aqueous alkaline media were investigated using UV-Vis and (13)C-NMR spectroscopic techniques, respectively. The molar conductance, NMR and ESI-MS studies indicate that the complexes dissociate in solution to produce the respective complex anions, 1(-) and 2(-). Complexes 1(-) and 2(-) showed chelating ability towards the naturally abundant and biologically relevant sugars, D-glucose, D-mannose, D-xylose, and xylitol. The complex ions bind to one molar equivalent of the sugars, even in the presence of stoichiometric excess of the substrates, in solution. Experimentally obtained spectroscopic data and computational results suggest that the substrates bind to the metal center in a bidentate fashion. Apparent binding constant values, pK(app), between the complexes and the substrates were determined and a specific mode of substrate binding is proposed. The pK(app) and relativistic density functional theory (DFT) calculated Gibbs free energy values indicate that D-mannose displayed the strongest interaction with the complexes. Syntheses, characterizations, detailed substrate binding studies using spectroscopic techniques, single crystal X-ray diffraction and geometry optimizations of the complex-substrates with DFT calculations are also reported.

  12. Thermolysis preparation of ZnS nanoparticles from a nano-structure bithiazole zinc(II) coordination compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosseinian, Akram; Rahimipour, Hamid Reza; Haddadi, Hedayat; Ashkarran, Ali Akbar; Mahjoub, Ali Reza

    2014-09-01

    Nano-scale and single crystals of a new tris-chelate Zn(II) compound, {[Zn(DADMBTZ)3](SCN)2ṡ4H2O}n, (1), {DADMBTZ = 2,2‧-diamino-5,5‧-dimethyl-4,4‧-bithiazole} have been synthesized by the reaction of zinc(II) sulfate, ammonium thiocyanate and DADMBTZ using sonochemical and branched tube methods, respectively. The new nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and FT-IR spectroscopy. Compound (1) was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound (1) form a tris-chelate complex with nearly C3 symmetry. The coordination number of zinc atom in the compound is six with coordinated environments of distorted octahedral, ZnN6. In reaction with DADMBTZ, the ligand DADMBTZ acts as bidentate in compound to form five-membered chelate rings with the same internal angles in coordination polyhedron. The crystal packing is mainly stabilized by N-H- - - -N hydrogen bonding interactions. The thermal stability of compound (1) was studied by thermal gravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analyses (DTA). ZnS nanostructures were obtained by direct thermolyses of compound (1) at 400 °C under argon atmosphere. The ZnS nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy.

  13. Zinc(II) and Cadmium(II) complexes with N4-coordinate pyrazole based ligand: Syntheses, characterization and structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Sadhu, Mehul H.; Kumar, Sujit Baran; Mitra, Partho

    2014-11-01

    A series of six new mononuclear zinc(II) complexes of the type [Zn(X)(dbdmp)]Y (1-6) (X = N3-/NCO-/NCS-, Y = ClO4-/PF6-, and dbdmp = N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine), two binuclear cadmium(II) complexes [{Cd(dbdmp)}2(μ-N3)2](Y)2 (7-8) and three mononuclear cadmium(II) complexes [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]Y (Y = ClO4-/PF6-) (9-10) and [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) have been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical methods. Crystal structures of the complexes [Zn(N3)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (1), [{Cd(dbdmp)}2(μ-N3)2](ClO4)2 (7), [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (9) and [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) have been solved by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and showed that [Zn(N3)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (1) and [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (9) have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry, [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) and [(dbdmp)Cd(μ-N3)]2(ClO4)2 (7) have distorted octahedral geometry.

  14. Structural, electrochemical, phosphate-hydrolysis, DNA binding and cleavage studies of new macrocyclic binuclear nickel(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Anbu, Sellamuthu; Kandaswamy, Muthusamy; Varghese, Babu

    2010-04-28

    New macrocyclic binuclear nickel(ii) complexes have been synthesized by using the bicompartmental mononuclear complex [NiL] [3,30-((1E,7E)-3,6-dioxa-2,7-diazaocta-1,7-diene-1,8-diyl)bis(3-formyl-5-methyl-2-diolato)nickel(II)] with various diamines like 1,2-bis(aminooxy)ethane (L(1)), 1,2-diamino ethane (L(2)), 1,3-diamino propane (L(3)), 1,4-diamino butane (L(4)), 1,2-diamino benzene (L(5)), and 1,8-diamino naphthalene (L(6)). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods. The molecular structures of the symmetrical binuclear complex [Ni(2)L(1)(H(2)O)(4)](ClO(4))(2) (1) and unsymmetrical binuclear complex [Ni(2)L(3)(H(2)O)(4)](ClO(4))(2).(H(2)O)(4) (3) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The geometry around both the nickel(II) ions in each molecule is a slightly distorted octahedral. The distance between the Ni...Ni centers for complex 1 is 3.039 A and for complex 3 is 3.059 A. The influence of the coordination geometry and the ring size of the binucleating ligands on the electronic, redox, phosphate hydrolysis, DNA binding and cleavage properties have been studied. Electrochemical studies of the complexes show two quasi-reversible one electron reduction processes between -0.49 to -1.69 V. The reduction potential of the binuclear Ni(II) complexes shifts towards anodically upon increasing the macrocyclic ring size. The observed first order rate constant values for the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate reaction are in the range from 8.69 x 10(-3) to 1.85 x 10(-2) s(-1). The complexes show good binding propensity to calf thymus DNA giving binding constant values in the range from 1.4 x 10(4) to 17.5 x 10(4) M(-1). The absorption, fluorescence and CD spectral data suggests that the complexes are strongly interacting with DNA. These complexes display hydrolytic cleavage of supercoiled pBR322DNA in the presence of H(2)O(2) at pH 7.2 and 37 degrees C. The hydrolytic cleavage of DNA by the complexes is supported by

  15. A doppel alpha-helix peptide fragment mimics the copper(II) interactions with the whole protein.

    PubMed

    La Mendola, Diego; Magrì, Antonio; Campagna, Tiziana; Campitiello, Maria Anna; Raiola, Luca; Isernia, Carla; Hansson, Orjan; Bonomo, Raffaele P; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2010-06-01

    The doppel protein (Dpl) is the first homologue of the prion protein (PrP(C)) to be discovered; it is overexpressed in transgenic mice that lack the prion gene, resulting in neurotoxicity. The whole prion protein is able to inhibit Dpl neurotoxicity, and its N-terminal domain is the determinant part of the protein function. This region represents the main copper(II) binding site of PrP(C). Dpl is able to bind at least one copper ion, and the specific metal-binding site has been identified as the histidine residue at the beginning of the third helical region. However, a reliable characterization of copper(II) coordination features has not been reported. In a previous paper, we studied the copper(II) interaction with a peptide that encompasses only the loop region potentially involved in metal binding. Nevertheless, we did not find a complete match between the EPR spectroscopic parameters of the copper(II) complexes formed with the synthesized peptide and those reported for the copper(II) binding sites of the whole protein. Herein, the synthesis of the human Dpl peptide fragment hDpl(122-139) (Ac-KPDNKLHQQVLWRLVQEL-NH(2)) and its copper(II) complex species are reported. This peptide encompasses the third alpha helix and part of the loop linking the second and the third helix of human doppel protein. The single-point-mutated peptide, hDpl(122-139)D124N, in which aspartate 124 replaces an asparagine residue, was also synthesized. This peptide was used to highlight the role of the carboxylate group on both the conformation preference of the Dpl fragment and its copper(II) coordination features. NMR spectroscopic measurements show that the hDpl(122-139) peptide fragment is in the prevailing alpha-helix conformation. It is localized within the 127-137 amino acid residue region that represents a reliable conformational mimic of the related protein domain. A comparison with the single-point-mutated hDpl(122-139)D124N reveals the significant role played by the aspartic

  16. Binuclear copper(II), cobalt(II) and nickel(II) complexes of N1-ethyl-N2-(pyridin-2-yl) hydrazine-1,2-bis(carbothioamide): structural, spectral, pH-metric and biological studies.

    PubMed

    El-Gammal, O A; Abu El-Reash, G M; El-Gamil, M M

    2012-10-01

    Binuclear Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes derived from N(1)-ethyl-N(2)-(pyridin-2-yl) hydrazine-1,2-bis(carbothioamide) (H(2)PET) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV-vis, EI mass, ESR and (1)HNMR) and magnetic measurements. The isolated complexes assigned the general formula, [M(HPET)(H(2)O)(n)Cl](2)·xH(2)O where M=Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II), n=2, 1, 0 and x=0, 0.5 and 0, respectively. IR data revealed that the ligand behaves as monobasic tridentate through (CN)(py), (C-S) and new azomethine, (NC)(∗) groups in the Co(II) complex but in Cu(II) complex, the ligand coordinate via both (CS) groups, one of them in thiol form as well as the new azomethine group. In Ni(II) complex, H(2)PET acts as NSNS monobasic tetradente via (CN)(py), (C-S), (CS) and the new azomethine, (NC)(∗) groups. An octahedral geometry is proposed for all complexes. pH- metric titration was carried out in 50% dioxane-water mixture at 298, 308 and 318 °K, respectively and the dissociation constant of the ligand as well as the stability constants of its complexes were evaluated. Also the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal decomposition steps of the complexes were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Moreover, the anti-oxidant, anti-hemolytic, and cytotoxic activities of the compounds have been tested.

  17. Synthesis and Characterization of Cobalt(III), Nickel(II) and Copper(II) Mononuclear Complexes with the Ligand 1,3-bis[(2-aminoethyl)amino]-2-propanol and Their Catalase-Like Activity.

    PubMed

    Pires, Bianca M; Silva, Daniel M; Visentin, Lorenzo C; Rodrigues, Bernardo L; Carvalho, Nakédia M F; Faria, Roberto B

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we present the synthesis and characterization of two new mononuclear complexes with the ligand 1,3-bis[(2-aminoethyl)amino]-2-propanol (HL), [Co(L)(H2O)](ClO4)2 (1), [Ni(HL)](ClO4)2 (2), as well as the known complex [Cu(HL)](ClO4)2 (3) for comparison. Their abilities to catalyze the dismutation of H2O2 and the oxidation of cyclohexane were investigated. The complexes were characterized by X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, electronic and infrared spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and conductivity measurements. The X-ray structures showed that the nickel (2) and copper (3) complexes are tetracoordinated, with the metal ion bound to the nitrogen atoms of the ligand. On the other hand, the cobalt complex (1) is hexacoordinated, possessing additional bonds to the alkoxo group of the ligand and to a water molecule. Neither of the complexes was able to catalyze the oxidation of cyclohexane, but all of them exhibited catalase-like activity, following Michaelis-Menten kinetics, which suggest resemblance with the catalase natural enzymes. The catalytic activity followed the order: [Ni(HL)](ClO4)2 (2) > [Cu(HL)](ClO4)2 (3) > [Co(L)(H2O)](ClO4)2 (1). As far as we know, this is the first description of a nickel complex presenting a significant catalase-like activity.

  18. Cobalt(II), Nickel(II) and Copper(II) complexes of a tetradentate Schiff base as photosensitizers: Quantum yield of 1O2 generation and its promising role in anti-tumor activity.

    PubMed

    Pradeepa, S M; Bhojya Naik, H S; Vinay Kumar, B; Indira Priyadarsini, K; Barik, Atanu; Ravikumar Naik, T R

    2013-01-15

    In the present investigation, a Schiff base N'1,N'3-bis[(E)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]benzene-1,3-dicarbohydrazide and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized. The DNA-binding studies were performed using absorption spectroscopy, emission spectra, viscosity measurements and thermal denatuaration studies. The experimental evidence indicated that, the Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes interact with calf thymus DNA through intercalation with an intrinsic binding constant Kb of 2.6×10(4) M(-1), 5.7×10(4) M(-1) and 4.5×10(4) M(-1), respectively and they exhibited potent photodamage abilities on pUC19 DNA, through singlet oxygen generation with quantum yields of 0.32, 0.27 and 0.30 respectively. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes resulted that they act as a potent photosensitizers for photochemical reactions.

  19. Cobalt(II), Nickel(II) and Copper(II) complexes of a tetradentate Schiff base as photosensitizers: Quantum yield of 1O2 generation and its promising role in anti-tumor activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pradeepa, S. M.; Bhojya Naik, H. S.; Vinay Kumar, B.; Indira Priyadarsini, K.; Barik, Atanu; Ravikumar Naik, T. R.

    2013-01-01

    In the present investigation, a Schiff base N'1,N'3-bis[(E)-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]benzene-1,3-dicarbohydrazide and its metal complexes have been synthesized and characterized. The DNA-binding studies were performed using absorption spectroscopy, emission spectra, viscosity measurements and thermal denatuaration studies. The experimental evidence indicated that, the Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes interact with calf thymus DNA through intercalation with an intrinsic binding constant Kb of 2.6 × 104 M-1, 5.7 × 104 M-1 and 4.5 × 104 M-1, respectively and they exhibited potent photodamage abilities on pUC19 DNA, through singlet oxygen generation with quantum yields of 0.32, 0.27 and 0.30 respectively. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes resulted that they act as a potent photosensitizers for photochemical reactions.

  20. Enrichment of iron(III), cobalt(II), nickel(II), and copper(II) by solid-phase extraction with 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone anchored to silica gel before their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Goswami, Anupama; Singh, Ajai K

    2002-10-01

    A chelating matrix prepared by immobilizing 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone on silica gel modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane has been characterized by use of cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CPMAS) NMR, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transformation (DRIFT) spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis and used to preconcentrate Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) before their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimum pH ranges for quantitative sorption are 6.5-8.0, 6.0-7.0, 6.0-8.0, and 7.0-8.5 for Cu, Fe, Co, and Ni, respectively. All the metal ions can be desorbed with 2 mol L(-1) HCl or HNO3. The sorption capacity ( micromol g(-1) matrix) and preconcentration factor were 226.6, 250; 365.6, 300; 101.8, 150; and 109.0, 250 for Cu, Fe, Co, and Ni, respectively. The lowest concentration for quantitative recovery was 4.0, 3.3, 6.6, and 4.0 ng mL(-1), respectively for the four metal ions. The limits up to which electrolytes NaNO3, NaCl, NaBr, Na2SO4, and Na3PO4 and cations Ca(II) and Mg(II) can coexist with the four metal ions during their sorption without adverse effect are reported. The simultaneous enrichment and determination of all the four metals is possible if the total load of metal ions is less than the sorption capacity. Flame AAS was used to determine the metal ions in underground, tap, and river water samples (RSD

  1. Variation of the ground spin state in homo- and hetero-octanuclear copper(II) and nickel(II) double-star complexes with a meso-helicate-type metallacryptand core.

    PubMed

    Pardo, Emilio; Dul, Marie-Claire; Lescouëzec, Rodrigue; Chamoreau, Lise-Marie; Journaux, Yves; Pasán, Jorge; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina; Julve, Miguel; Lloret, Francesc; Ruiz-García, Rafael; Cano, Joan

    2010-05-28

    Homo- and heterometallic octanuclear complexes of formula Na₂{[Cu₂(mpba)₃][Cu(Me₅dien)]₆}-(ClO₄)₆·12H₂O (1), Na₂{[Cu₂(Mempba)₃][Cu(Me₅dien)]₆}(ClO₄)₆·12H₂O (2), Na₂{[Ni₂(mpba)₃]-[Cu(Me₅dien)]₆}(ClO₄)₆·12H₂O (3), Na₂{[Ni₂(Mempba)₃][Cu(Me₅dien)]₆}(ClO₄)₆·9H₂O (4), {[Ni₂(mpba)₃][Ni(dipn)(H₂O)]₆}(ClO₄)₄·12.5H₂O (5), and {[Ni₂(Mempba)₃][Ni(dipn)-(H₂O)]₆}(ClO₄)₄·12H₂O (6) [mpba = 1,3-phenylenebis(oxamate), Mempba = 4-methyl-1,3-phenylenebis(oxamate), Me₅dien = N,N,N',N'',N''-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine, and dipn = dipropylenetriamine] have been synthesized through the "complex-as-ligand/complex-as-metal" strategy. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses of 1, 3, and 5 show cationic M(II)₂M'(II)₆ entities (M, M' = Cu and Ni) with an overall double-star architecture, which is made up of two oxamato-bridged M(II)M'(II)₃ star units connected through three meta-phenylenediamidate bridges between the two central metal atoms leading to a binuclear metallacryptand core of the meso-helicate-type. Dc magnetic susceptibility data for 1-6 in the temperature range 2-300 K have been analyzed through a "dimer-of-tetramers" model [H = - J(S(1A)·S(3A) + S(1A)·S(4A) + S(1A)·S(5A) + S(2B)·S(6B) + S(2B)·S(7B) + S(2B)·S(8B)) - J'S(1A)·S(2B), with S(1A) = S(2B) = S(M) and S(3A) = S(4A) = S(5A) = S(6B) = S(7B) = S(8B) = S(M')]. The moderate to strong antiferromagnetic coupling between the M(II) and M'(II) ions through the oxamate bridge in 1-6 (-J(Cu-Cu) = 52.0-57.0 cm⁻¹, -J(Ni-Cu) = 39.1-44.7 cm⁻¹, and -J(Ni-Ni) = 26.3-26.6 cm⁻¹) leads to a non-compensation of the ground spin state for the tetranuclear M(II)M'(II)₃ star units [S(A) = S(B) = 3S(M') - S(M) = 1 (1 and 2), 1/2 (3 and 4), and 2 (5 and 6)]. Within the binuclear M(II)₂ meso-helicate cores of 1-4, a moderate to weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the M(II) ions (-J'(Cu-Cu) = 28.0-48.0 cm⁻¹ and -J'(Ni-Ni) = 0.16-0.97 cm⁻¹) is mediated by the triple m-phenylenediamidate bridge to give a ground spin singlet (S = S(A) - S(B) = 0) state for the octanuclear M(II)₂Cu(II)₆ molecule. Instead, a weak ferromagnetic coupling between the Ni(II) ions (J'(Ni-Ni) = 2.07-3.06 cm⁻¹) operates in the binuclear Ni(II)₂ meso-helicate core of 5 and 6 leading thus to a ground spin nonet (S = S(A) + S(B) = 4) state for the octanuclear Ni(II)₈ molecule. Dc magnetization data for 5 reveal a small but non-negligible axial magnetic anisotropy (D = -0.23 cm⁻¹) of the S = 4 Ni(II)₈ ground state with an estimated value of the energy barrier for magnetization reversal of 3.7 cm⁻¹ (U = -DS²). Ac magnetic susceptibility data for 5 show an unusual slow magnetic relaxation behaviour at low temperatures which is typical of "cluster glasses". The temperature dependence of the relaxation time for 5 has been interpreted on the basis of the Vogel-Fulcher law for weakly interacting clusters, with values of 2.5 K, 1.4 × 10⁻⁶ s, and 4.0 cm⁻¹ for the intermolecular interaction parameter (T₀), the pre-exponential factor (τ₀), and the effective energy barrier (U(eff)), respectively.

  2. Synthesis and Characterization of Cobalt(III), Nickel(II) and Copper(II) Mononuclear Complexes with the Ligand 1,3-bis[(2-aminoethyl)amino]-2-propanol and Their Catalase-Like Activity

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Daniel M.; Visentin, Lorenzo C.; Rodrigues, Bernardo L.

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we present the synthesis and characterization of two new mononuclear complexes with the ligand 1,3-bis[(2-aminoethyl)amino]-2-propanol (HL), [Co(L)(H2O)](ClO4)2 (1), [Ni(HL)](ClO4)2 (2), as well as the known complex [Cu(HL)](ClO4)2 (3) for comparison. Their abilities to catalyze the dismutation of H2O2 and the oxidation of cyclohexane were investigated. The complexes were characterized by X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, electronic and infrared spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and conductivity measurements. The X-ray structures showed that the nickel (2) and copper (3) complexes are tetracoordinated, with the metal ion bound to the nitrogen atoms of the ligand. On the other hand, the cobalt complex (1) is hexacoordinated, possessing additional bonds to the alkoxo group of the ligand and to a water molecule. Neither of the complexes was able to catalyze the oxidation of cyclohexane, but all of them exhibited catalase-like activity, following Michaelis-Menten kinetics, which suggest resemblance with the catalase natural enzymes. The catalytic activity followed the order: [Ni(HL)](ClO4)2 (2) > [Cu(HL)](ClO4)2 (3) > [Co(L)(H2O)](ClO4)2 (1). As far as we know, this is the first description of a nickel complex presenting a significant catalase-like activity. PMID:26379038

  3. EPR evidence for magnetic exchange through a four-carbon aliphatic bridge in a binuclear copper(II) complex. Single crystal x-ray structure of 7,7'-(1,4-butanediyl)-bis(2,12-dimethyl-3,7,11,17-tetraazabicyclo(11. 3. 1)heptadeca-1(17),2,11,13,15-pentaene)nickel(II)) perchlorate monohydrate

    SciTech Connect

    Foster, K.A.; Brown, D.R.; Timken, M.D.; Van Derveer, D.G.; Belford, R.L.; Barefield, E.K.

    1988-12-01

    The single crystal x-ray structure of the title, binuclear nickel(II) complex has been determined and the compound used as a host for EPR investigations of the analogous copper(II) complex. The impetus for this work was an earlier suggestion that magnetic exchange interactions detected by EPR spectroscopy on frozen solutions of the biscopper(II) complex were a result of a direct copper-copper interaction in a closed conformation of the binuclear species. Results reported here suggest that the complex exists in the open conformation where the distance between metal centres is maximized and that the magnetic exchange occurs by a super-exchange mechanism through the aliphatic chain. The /vert bar/J/vert bar/ value for the exchange interaction is greater than 0.018 cm/sup /minus/1/. Crystal data for (Ni/sub 2/C/sub 34/H/sub 50/N/sub 8/)(ClO/sub 4/)/sub 4/ /center dot/ H/sub 2/O (298 K): monoclinic, space group P2/sub 1//n, a = 13.560(3), b = 11.678(2), c = 15.377(3) /angstrom/, /beta/ = = 108.48(2)/degree/, /rho//sub calcd/ = 1.588 g cm/sup /minus/3/ for Z = 2 and M/sub r/ = 1104.1, R = 0.068, R/sub w/ = 0.76. The intramolecular Ni-Ni distance is 9.13 /angstrom/. The analogous copper complex is isomorphorus with the nickel complex.

  4. Removal of copper(II) from aqueous solution by pine and base modified pine cone powder as biosorbent.

    PubMed

    Ofomaja, A E; Naidoo, E B; Modise, S J

    2009-09-15

    Pine cone, a popular agricultural waste in South Africa has been studied for its potential application as a biosorbent in its raw and sodium hydroxide modified form. Surface modification were carried out using sodium hydroxide solution of concentration ranging from 0.01 to 0.15 mol L(-1)and the samples characterized. Batch kinetics were carried out on the biosorption of copper(II) from aqueous solution using the prepared samples and varying biosorption parameters such as solution pH, dose and biosorption temperature. The results revealed that pine cone surface was modified by sodium hydroxide treatment, carboxylic and phenolic functional groups were mostly affected as seen from Boehm's titration and FTIR analysis. Surface modification reduced pH(PZC) from 7.49 to 2.55 and also increased the internal surface of pine cone powder. Copper(II) biosorption studies revealed that optimum solution pH and biosorbent dose for copper(II) removal was pH 5 and 8.0g L(-1), for the untreated and treated samples. Copper(II) uptake followed the pseudo-second order kinetic model and the intraparticle diffusion model. Copper(II) removal increased with NaOH modification and higher NaOH concentration. Biosorption temperature was found to increase copper(II) uptake for all samples indicating that copper(II) biosorption is endothermic in nature. Activation energy computed from the pseudo-second order rate constant increased with NaOH modification from 18.22 to 21.39 kJ mol(-1). The thermodynamic parameters of activation (DeltaG*, DeltaH* and DeltaS*) were computed using Erying equation and the results show that the reorientation step is mostly entropy controlled at the activation state and the contribution of entropy to the reorientation step of activation tends to decrease with NaOH washing and with increase in NaOH concentration.

  5. Antifouling bastadin congeners target mussel phenoloxidase and complex copper(II) ions.

    PubMed

    Bayer, Mirko; Hellio, Claire; Maréchal, Jean-Philippe; Frank, Walter; Lin, Wenhan; Weber, Horst; Proksch, Peter

    2011-12-01

    Synthetically prepared congeners of sponge-derived bastadin derivatives such as 5,5'-dibromohemibastadin-1 (DBHB) that suppress the settling of barnacle larvae were identified in this study as strong inhibitors of blue mussel phenoloxidase that is involved in the firm attachment of mussels to a given substrate. The IC₅₀ value of DBHB as the most active enzyme inhibitor encountered in this study amounts to 0.84 μM. Inhibition of phenoloxidase by DBHB is likely due to complexation of copper(II) ions from the catalytic centre of the enzyme by the α-oxo-oxime moiety of the compound as shown here for the first time by structure activity studies and by X-ray structure determination of a copper(II) complex of DBHB.

  6. Low-temperature atomic layer deposition of copper(II) oxide thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Iivonen, Tomi Hämäläinen, Jani; Mattinen, Miika; Popov, Georgi; Leskelä, Markku; Marchand, Benoît; Mizohata, Kenichiro; Kim, Jiyeon; Fischer, Roland A.

    2016-01-15

    Copper(II) oxide thin films were grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using bis-(dimethylamino-2-propoxide)copper [Cu(dmap){sub 2}] and ozone in a temperature window of 80–140 °C. A thorough characterization of the films was performed using x-ray diffraction, x-ray reflectivity, UV‐Vis spectrophotometry, atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis techniques. The process was found to produce polycrystalline copper(II) oxide films with a growth rate of 0.2–0.3 Å per cycle. Impurity content in the films was relatively small for a low temperature ALD process.

  7. The speciation of aqueous zinc(II) bromide solutions to 500 °C and 900 MPa determined using Raman spectroscopy

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mibe, Kenji; Chou, I-Ming; Anderson, Alan J.; Mayanovic, Robert A.; Bassett, William A.

    2009-01-01

    A Raman spectral study was carried out on 3 solutions of varying concentration and bromide/zinc ratios. Spectra were collected at 11 different temperature-pressure conditions ranging from ambient to 500????C-0.9??GPa. Raman band assignments for zinc(II) bromide species reported in previous studies were used to determine the relative concentrations of ZnBr42-, ZnBr3-, ZnBr2, and ZnBr+ species at various temperatures and pressures. Our results are in close agreement with X-ray absorption spectroscopic (XAS) data, and confirm that the tetrabromo zinc(II) complex, ZnBr42-, is the predominant species up to 500????C in solutions having high Zn concentrations (1??m) and high bromide/zinc molar ratios ([Br]/[Zn] = 8). In agreement with previous solubility and Raman spectroscopic experiments, our measurements indicate that species with a lower number of halide ligands and charge are favored with increasing temperature in dilute solutions, and solutions with low bromide/zinc ratios ([Br]/[Zn] < 2.5). The Raman technique provides an independent experimental means of evaluating the quality of XAS analyses of data obtained from high temperature disordered systems. The combination of these two techniques provides complementary data on speciation and the structure of zinc(II) bromide complexes. The preponderance of the ZnBr42- species in highly saline brines at high temperature is consistent with the predominance of ZnCl42- in chloride-rich brines reported in previous XAS studies. Knowledge of Zn complexing in metal-rich highly saline brines is important for numerical models of ore deposition in high temperature systems such as skarns and porphyry-type deposits. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V.

  8. A Fluorescent Indicator for Imaging Lysosomal Zinc(II) with Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET)-Enhanced Photostability and a Narrow Band of Emission

    PubMed Central

    Sreenath, Kesavapillai; Yuan, Zhao; Allen, John R.

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate a strategy to transfer the zinc(II) sensitivity of a fluoroionophore with low photostability and a broad emission band to a bright and photostable fluorophore with a narrow emission band. The two fluorophores are covalently connected to afford an intramolecular Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) conjugate. The FRET donor in the conjugate is a zinc(II)-sensitive arylvinylbipyridyl fluoroionophore, the absorption and emission of which undergo bathochromic shifts upon zinc(II) coordination. When the FRET donor is excited, efficient intramolecular energy transfer occurs to result in the emission of the acceptor boron dipyrromethene (4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene or BODIPY) as a function of zinc(II) concentration. The broad emission band of the donor/zinc(II) complex is transformed into the strong, narrow emission band of the BODIPY acceptor in the FRET conjugates, which can be captured within the narrow emission window that is preferred for multicolor imaging experiments. In addition to competing with other nonradiative decay processes of the FRET donor, the rapid intramolecular FRET of the excited FRET-conjugate molecule protects the donor fluorophore from photobleaching, thus enhancing the photostability of the indicator. FRET conjugates 3 and 4 contain aliphatic amino groups, which selectively target lysosomes in mammalian cells. This subcellular localization preference was verified by using confocal fluorescence microscopy, which also shows the zinc(II)-enhanced emission of 3 and 4 in lysosomes. It was further shown using two-color structured illumination microscopy (SIM), which is capable of extending the lateral resolution over the Abbe diffraction limit by a factor of two, that the morpholino-functionalized compound 4 localizes in the interior of lysosomes, rather than anchoring on the lysosomal membranes, of live HeLa cells. PMID:25382395

  9. Reaction of beta-diketiminate copper(II) complexes and Na2S2.

    PubMed

    Inosako, Masayuki; Kunishita, Atsushi; Shimokawa, Chizu; Teraoka, Junji; Kubo, Minoru; Ogura, Takashi; Sugimoto, Hideki; Itoh, Shinobu

    2008-11-28

    Reaction of beta-diketiminate copper(II) complexes and Na2S2 resulted in formation of (mu-eta2:eta2-disulfido)dicopper(II) complexes (adduct formation) or beta-diketiminate copper(I) complexes (reduction of copper(II)) depending on the substituents of the supporting ligands. In the case of sterically less demanding ligands, adduct formation occurred to provide the (mu-eta2:eta2-disulfido)dicopper(II) complexes, whereas reduction of copper(II) took place to give the corresponding copper(I) complexes with sterically more demanding beta-diketiminate ligands. Spectroscopic examinations of the reactions at low temperature using UV-vis and ESR as well as kinetic analysis have suggested that a 1 : 1 adduct LCuII-S-SNa with an end-on binding mode is initially formed as a common intermediate, from which different reaction pathways exist depending on the steric environment of the metal-coordination sphere provided by the ligands. Thus, with the sterically less demanding ligands, rearrangement of the disulfide adduct from end-on to side-on followed by self-dimerisation occurs to give the (mu-eta2:eta2-disulfido)dicopper(II) complexes, whereas such an intramolecular rearrangement of the disulfide co-ligand does not take place with the sterically more demanding ligands. In this case, homolytic cleavage of the CuII-S bond occurs to give the reduced copper(I) product. The steric effects of the supporting ligands have been discussed on the basis of detailed analysis of the crystal structures of the copper(II) starting materials.

  10. Copper(II) binding to alpha-synuclein, the Parkinson's protein.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jennifer C; Gray, Harry B; Winkler, Jay R

    2008-06-04

    Variations in tryptophan fluorescence intensities confirm that copper(II) interacts with alpha-synuclein, a protein implicated in Parkinson's disease. Trp4 fluorescence decay kinetics measured for the F4W protein show that Cu(II) binds tightly (Kd 100 nM) near the N-terminus at pH 7. Work on a F4W/H50S mutant indicates that a histidine imidazole is not a ligand in this high-affinity site.

  11. Redox Activity of Copper(II) Complexes with NSFRY Pentapeptide and Its Analogues

    PubMed Central

    Wiloch, Magdalena Zofia; Wawrzyniak, Urszula Elżbieta; Ufnalska, Iwona; Piotrowski, Grzegorz; Bonna, Arkadiusz; Wróblewski, Wojciech

    2016-01-01

    The influence of cation-π interactions on the electrochemical properties of copper(II) complexes with synthesized pentapeptide C-terminal fragment of Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF) hormone was studied in this work. Molecular modeling performed for Cu(II)-NSFRY-NH2 complex indicated that the cation-π interactions between Tyr and Cu(II), and also between Phe-Arg led to specific conformation defined as peptide box, in which the metal cation is isolated from the solvent by peptide ligand. Voltammetry experiments enabled to compare the redox properties and stability of copper(II) complexes with NSFRY-NH2 and its analogues (namely: NSFRA-NH2, NSFRF-NH2, NSAAY-NH2, NSAAA-NH2, AAAAA-NH2) as well as to evaluate the contribution of individual amino acid residues to these properties. The obtained results led to the conclusion, that cation-π interactions play a crucial role in the effective stabilization of copper(II) complexes with the fragments of ANF peptide hormone and therefore could control the redox processes in other metalloproteins. PMID:27517864

  12. Uncommon isonicotinamide supramolecular synthons in copper(II) complexes directed by nitrate and perchlorate anions.

    PubMed

    Daković, Marijana; Popović, Zora

    2009-09-01

    The title compounds, trans-diaquabis(nitrato-kappaO)bis(pyridine-4-carboxamide-kappaN(1))copper(II), [Cu(NO(3))(2)(C(6)H(6)N(2)O)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], (I), and trans-diaquatetrakis(pyridine-4-carboxamide-kappaN(1))copper(II) bis(perchlorate), [Cu(C(6)H(6)N(2)O)(4)(H(2)O)(2)](ClO(4))(2), (II), are composed of mononuclear coordination entities involving Cu(II) ions and isonicotinamide. In (I), the centrosymmetric tetragonally distorted octahedral copper(II) environment contains trans-related isonicotinamide and water molecules in the equatorial plane and two nitrate ions occupying the axial sites. In (II), the equatorial plane of the C(2)-symmetric distorted octahedron is built up of four isonicotinamide ligands, while water molecules occupy the axial positions. The complex molecules of (I) and (II) are linked into three-dimensional supramolecular frameworks by O-H...O and N-H...O hydrogen bonds. The nitrate and perchlorate ions are building blocks that disturb the robust R(2)(2)(8) amide supramolecular motif commonly found in crystal structures of copper-isonicotinamide complexes.

  13. Decomposition of reactive oxygen species by copper(II) bis(1-pyrazolyl)methane complexes.

    PubMed

    Schepetkin, Igor; Potapov, Andrei; Khlebnikov, Andrei; Korotkova, Elena; Lukina, Anna; Malovichko, Galina; Kirpotina, Lilia; Quinn, Mark T

    2006-06-01

    Two bis(1-pyrazolyl)alkane ligands, bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methane and bis(4-iodo-3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methane, and their copper(II) complexes, bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methanedinitratocopper(II) [CuL1(NO3)2] and bis(4-iodo-3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)methanedinitratocopper(II) [CuL2(NO3)2] x 2H2O, were prepared. Physiochemical properties of the copper(II) complexes were studied by spectroscopic (UV-vis, IR, EPR) techniques and cyclic voltammetry. Spectroscopic analysis revealed a 1:1 stoichiometry of ligand:copper(II) ion and a bidentate coordination mode for the nitrate ions in both of the complexes. According to experimental and theoretical ab initio data, the copper(II) ion is located in an octahedral hexacoordinated environment. Both complexes were able to catalyze the dismutation of superoxide anion (O2*-) (pH 7.5) and decomposition of H2O2 (pH 7.5) and peroxynitrite (pH 10.9). In addition, both complexes exhibited superoxide dismutase (SOD) like activity toward extracellular and intracellular reactive oxygen species produced by activated human neutrophils in whole blood. Thus, these complexes represent useful SOD mimetics with a broad range of antioxidant activity toward a variety of reactive oxidants.

  14. Copper(II) benzoate dimers coordinated by different linear alcohols - A systematic study of crystal structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katzsch, Felix; Münch, Alexander S.; Mertens, Florian O. R. L.; Weber, Edwin

    2014-05-01

    Three new copper(II) benzoates coordinated by 1-propanol, [Cu2(PhCOO)4(1-PrOH)2] [Cu2(PhCOO)4(H2O)2] (3), 1-butanol, [Cu2(PhCOO)4(1-BuOH)2] (4) and 1-pentanol, [Cu2(PhCOO)4(1-PentOH)2] (5) at the available metal coordination sites, have been prepared and investigated with reference to their X-ray crystal structures. In all cases, dimeric paddle-wheel complexes where two copper(II) ions are held together by four benzoates were found. Moreover, the complexes show 1-propanol and water (3), 1-butanol (4) and 1-pentanol (5) coordinated to the free coordination sites of the Cu(II) ions. The dimeric complex units are connected with each other by strong Osbnd H⋯O hydrogen bonds to form strands linked together via weaker Csbnd H⋯O and Csbnd H⋯π interactions. Comparative discussion including the redetermined crystal structures obtained from copper(II) benzoate in the presence of methanol (1) or ethanol (2) allows to draw argumentation regarding the coordination of linear alcohols in corresponding crystals of paddle-wheel complexes.

  15. Copper(II) interaction with the Human Prion 103-112 fragment - Coordination and oxidation.

    PubMed

    Csire, Gizella; Nagy, Lajos; Várnagy, Katalin; Kállay, Csilla

    2017-02-20

    The prion protein (PrP) is a membrane-anchored cell surface glycoprotein containing 231 amino acids. It has been associated with a group of neurodegenerative disorders. Copper(II) interaction with the Human Prion 103-112 fragment and its mutants has been studied with various techniques. The studied human prion fragment contains both histidine and methionine residues, while methionine residues are systematically replaced or displaced in the studied mutants. pH-potentiometric, UV-Vis and circular dicroism spectroscopic techniques were applied to study the stoichiometry, stability and structure of the copper(II) complexes, while HPLC-MS and MS/MS were used for identifying the products of copper(II) catalyzed oxidation. The complex formation reactions of the studied ligands are rather similar; only 1:1 complexes are formed, where the imidazole nitrogen of the histidine residue is the main binding site beside the amide nitrogens of the peptide chain. The only difference is, that in the peptides which contain methionine in position 109, in addition to the (Nim,N(-),N(-)) coordination mode, a weak interaction of thioether sulfur atoms can be supposed. The mutant peptide which does not contain methionine did not undergo oxidation, only the fragmentation of the peptide chain was perceived. However, in the case of methionine containing peptides, the peptide chain was not cleaved; but the oxidation of methionine to methionine sulfoxide occurred.

  16. Doubly chloro bridged dimeric copper(II) complex: magneto-structural correlation and anticancer activity.

    PubMed

    Sikdar, Yeasin; Modak, Ritwik; Bose, Dipayan; Banerjee, Saswati; Bieńko, Dariusz; Zierkiewicz, Wiktor; Bieńko, Alina; Das Saha, Krishna; Goswami, Sanchita

    2015-05-21

    We have synthesized and structurally characterized a new doubly chloro bridged dimeric copper(II) complex, [Cu2(μ-Cl)2(HL)2Cl2] (1) based on a Schiff base ligand, 5-[(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-amino]-pentan-1-ol). Single crystal X-ray diffraction shows the presence of dinuclear copper(II) centres in a square pyramidal geometry linked by obtuse double chloro bridge. The magnetic study illustrated that weak antiferromagnetic interactions (J = -0.47 cm(-1)) prevail in complex 1 which is well supported by magneto-structural correlation. This compound adds to the library of doubly chloro bridged copper(ii) complexes in the regime of spin state cross over. DFT calculations have been conducted within a broken-symmetry (BS) framework to investigate the exchange interaction further which depicts that the approximate spin projection technique yields the best corroboration of the experimental J value. Spin density plots show the presence of an ∼0.52e charge residing on the copper atom along with a substantial charge on bridging and peripheral chlorine atoms. The potential of complex1 to act as an anticancer agent is thoroughly examined on a series of liver cancer cell lines and screening shows the HepG2 cell line exhibits maximum cytotoxicity by phosphatidyl serine exposure in the outer cell membrane associated with ROS generation and mitochondrial depolarization with increasing time in the in vitro model system.

  17. An unusual 3D interdigitated architecture assembled from Keggin polyoxometalates and dinuclear copper(II) complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Pang, Haijun; Yang, Ming; Kang, Lu; Ma, Huiyuan; Liu, Bo; Li, Shaobin; Liu, Heng

    2013-02-15

    A novel organic-inorganic hybrid compound, [Cu{sub 2}(bipy){sub 3}({mu}{sub 1}-H{sub 2}O){sub 2}({mu}{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O)({mu}{sub 2}-OH)(H{sub 2}BW{sub 12}O{sub 40})]{center_dot}4 H{sub 2}O (1) (bipy=4,4 Prime -bipy), has been synthesized in hydrothermal condition and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectrum, TG analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 possesses poly-pendant layered motifs composed of 12-tungstoborates and dinuclear copper(II) complexes, in which the mono-coordinated bipy molecules are orderly appended to both sides of the layer, respectively. Adjacent layers mutually engage in a zipper-like pattern to result in a novel 3D interdigitated architecture. The variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility of 1 showed that there existed weak antiferromagnetic interaction in 1. Toward the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, 1 has good electrocatalytic activity and remarkable stability. - A new compound has been obtained, which represents the first interdigitated architecture assembled by POMs and dinuclear copper(II) complexes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first example of interdigitated architecture assembled by POMs and dinuclear copper(II) complexes is observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A zipper-like pattern is observed in the structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The IR, TG, XRPD, magnetism and electrochemical property of the title compound were studied.

  18. The preparation of nickel nanoparticles through a novel solid-state intramolecular reaction of polynuclear nickel(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kahani, Seyed Abolghasem; Khedmati, Massumeh

    2014-08-01

    A novel solid-state reaction involving [Ni6(N2H4)6(SO4)4(OH)2(H2O)8](SO4)(H2O)10 has been used to prepare nickel nanoparticles. The reaction of [Ni6(N2H4)6(SO4)4(OH)2(H2O)8](SO4)(H2O)10 via NaOH, KOH, and/or Na2CO3 as a reactant was carried out in the solid state. The complex undergoes an intramolecular two-electron oxidation-reduction reaction at room temperature, producing metallic nickel nanoparticles (Ni1, Ni2 and Ni3). The aforementioned complex contains nickel(II) that is an oxidizing agent and also hydrazine ligand as a reducing agent. Other products produced include sodium azide and ammonia gas. The nickel metal nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. The synthesized nickel nanoparticles have similar morphologies; however, their particle size distributions are different.

  19. Ultraviolet spectrophotometric characterization of copper(II) complexes with imidazole N-methyl derivatives of ?-histidine in aqueous solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prenesti, Enrico; Berto, Silvia; Daniele, Pier Giuseppe

    2003-01-01

    In this study we considered π-methyl- L-histidine (π-methis) and τ-methyl- L-histidine (τ-methis) as ligands for copper(II) ion, in order to clarify, by means of ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy in aqueous solution ( T=25 °C, I=0.1 M), some aspects of the co-ordination mode with respect to other ligands of a previous study in which copper(II) complexes of L-histidine, N-acetyl- L-histidine, histamine, L-histidine methyl ester or carnosine were investigated. Particularly, UV spectra (300-400 nm) were recorded on solutions at various pH values, containing each binary system Cu-L; afterwards, an UV absorption spectrum for single complexes was calculated, taking into account the chemical model previously assessed, in order to fulfil a correct spectrum-structure correlation. The problem related to the eventual superimposition of the CT shoulder (≈330 nm) to copper(II) of OH - and imidazole pyridine nitrogen groups were now solved by means of a comparison of the UV spectra of dimer species formed by both π-methis or τ-methis. Finally, copper(II) complex formation with 2,2'-bipyridine was taken into account to compare the behaviour of pyridine (from 2,2'-bipyridine) and pyridine imidazole nitrogens (from π-methis or τ-methis) with respect to the UV charge transfer process to copper(II) ion.

  20. C- and N-Selective Grignard Addition Reactions of α-Aldimino Esters in the Presence or Absence of Zinc(II) Chloride: Synthetic Applications to Optically Active Azacycles.

    PubMed

    Hatano, Manabu; Yamashita, Kenji; Ishihara, Kazuaki

    2015-05-15

    Highly practical synthetic methods were developed for the C- and N-selective Grignard addition reactions of N-4-MeOC6H4-protected α-aldimino esters in the presence or absence of zinc(II) chloride. Diastereoselective C-alkyl addition, tandem C-alkyl addition-N-alkylation, and some transformations to synthetically useful optically active azacycles were demonstrated.

  1. Effect of structure and composition of nickel(II) complexes with salicylidene Schiff base ligands on their DNA/protein interaction and cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Li, Peng; Niu, MeiJu; Hong, Min; Cheng, Shuang; Dou, JianMin

    2014-08-01

    Three new salicylidene Schiff base nickel(II) complexes [Ni(L(1))(CH3COOH)2]2 (1), [Ni2(L(1))2(CH3OH)] (2), [Ni(L(2))2]·3H2O (3) {H2L(1)=N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-3,6-dioxa-1,8-diaminooctane, HL(2)=2-ethyl-2-(2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)propane-1,3-diol} were synthesized and characterized fully by structural, analytical, and spectral methods. The single-crystal X-ray structures of complexes 1 and 2 exhibit the symmetrical ligands coordinated to the nickel(II) ion in a tetradentate fashion via ONNO donor atoms, while the unsymmetrical ligand L(2) presented a ONO tridentate coordination mode in complex 3. The nickel(II) ions lie in the six-coordinated octahedral environment for the mononuclear complexes 1 and 3, along with dinuclear complex 2. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been explored by absorption and emission titration methods, which revealed that complexes 1-3 could interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. The interactions of the complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were also investigated using UV-Vis, fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopic methods. The results indicated that all of the complexes could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA in a static quenching process. Further, the in vitro cytotoxic effect of the complexes examined on cancerous cell lines such as human lung carcinoma cell line (A549), human colon carcinoma cell lines (HCT-116), human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and colonic cancer cell line Caco-2 showed that all three complexes exhibited substantial cytotoxic activity.

  2. Photo- and electroluminescent properties of zinc(II) complexes with tetradentate Schiff bases, derivatives of salicylic aldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vashchenko, A. A.; Lepnev, L. S.; Vitukhnovskii, A. G.; Kotova, O. V.; Eliseeva, S. V.; Kuz'mina, N. P.

    2010-03-01

    It is studied how the introduction of various substituents into the composition of organic ligands affects the photoluminescence spectra of new zinc(II) complexes with tetradentate Schiff bases H2L (derivatives of salicylic aldehyde (H2SAL1, H2SAL2) and o-vanillin (H2MO1, H2MO2) with ethylenediamine and o-phenylenediamine) in the form of bulk solids and thin films. It is demonstrated that the emission spectra of bulk solid complexes without o-phenylenediamine bridges (ZnSAL1 and ZnMO1) contain additional long-wavelength bands compared to the spectra of corresponding thin films. In the case of films obtained from [ZnSAL1]2 dimer complexes, the long-wavelength band is dominant. At the same time, the photoluminescence spectra of ZnSAL2 and ZnMO2 complexes with o-phenylenediamine bridges are similar in the case of solid samples and thin films. The electroluminescent properties of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the ITO/α-NPD/ZnL/Ca:Al structure are studied. The bathochromic shift of the electroluminescence peaks of OLEDs with respect to the photoluminescence spectra of bulk solid samples and thin films is probably related to the formation of exciplexes at the α-NPD/ZnL interface. The electroluminescence spectra of OLEDs based on [ZnSAL1]2 show a hypsochromic shift of the emission maximum, which can be caused by a shift of the recombination region into the α-NPD layer.

  3. Efficient catalytic phosphate ester cleavage by binuclear zinc(II) pyrazolate complexes as functional models of metallophosphatases.

    PubMed

    Penkova, Larysa V; Maciag, Anna; Rybak-Akimova, Elena V; Haukka, Matti; Pavlenko, Vadim A; Iskenderov, Turganbay S; Kozłowski, Henryk; Meyer, Franc; Fritsky, Igor O

    2009-07-20

    A series of dizinc(II) complexes based on the pyrazolate ligands 3-[(1E)-N-hydroxyethanimidoyl]-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (H(3)L(1)), (1E,1'E)-1,1'-(4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3,5-diyl)diethanone dihydrazone (HL(2)), (E,E)-(4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3,5-diyl)bis(methylmethanone) dioxime (H(3)L(3)), (E,E)-(4-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-3,5-diyl)bis(phenylmethanone) dioxime (H(3)L(4)), and 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (H(3)L(5)) have been synthesized and investigated as functional models of phosphoesterases, focusing on correlations between the hydrolytic activity and molecular parameters of the bimetallic core. Speciation of the various dizinc complexes in solution has been determined potentiometrically, and the structures in the solid state have been established by X-ray crystallography. The hydrolysis of two phosphoesters, an RNA model 2-hydroxypropyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNP) and the pesticide paraoxon-ethyl (POE), promoted by the dinuclear phosphoesterase model complexes has been investigated in DMSO/buffered water (1:1) at 50 degrees C as a function of complex concentration, substrate concentration, and pH. Drastic differences in the hydrolytic activities of [Zn(2)(HL(1))(2)](0), [Zn(2)(L(2))(2)](2+), [Zn(2)(H(2)L(3))(2)](2+), and [Zn(2)(HL(5))(2)](2-) are observed and can be attributed to molecular peculiarities. Pyrazolate-bridged dinuclear zinc(II) complexes seem to provide a sufficient number of coordination sites for both activating the substrate and generating the nucleophile, where the phosphate esters are preferentially bound in a bidentate bridging fashion (in the case of HPNP) and in a monodentate fashion (in the case of POE).

  4. Bimetallic Gold(I)/Chiral N,N'-Dioxide Nickel(II) Asymmetric Relay Catalysis: Chemo- and Enantioselective Synthesis of Spiroketals and Spiroaminals.

    PubMed

    Li, Jun; Lin, Lili; Hu, Bowen; Lian, Xiangjin; Wang, Gang; Liu, Xiaohua; Feng, Xiaoming

    2016-05-10

    A highly efficient asymmetric cascade reaction between keto esters and alkynyl alcohols and amides is reported. The success of the reaction was attributed to the combination of chiral Lewis acid N,N'-dioxide nickel(II) catalysis with achiral π-acid gold(I) catalysis working as an asymmetric relay catalytic system. The corresponding spiroketals and spiroaminals were synthesized in up to 99 % yield, 19:1 d.r., and more than 99 % ee under mild reaction conditions. Control experiments suggest that the N,N'-dioxide ligand was essential for the formation of the spiro products.

  5. Potentiometric and Blood Plasma Simulation Studies of Nickel(II) Complexes of Poly(amino)amido Pentadentate Ligands: Computer Aided Metal-Based Drug Design.

    PubMed

    Odisitse, Sebusi; Jackson, Graham E

    2014-01-01

    The thermodynamic equilibria of nickel(II) with N,N'-di(aminoethylene)-2,6-pyridinedicarbonylamine (L1), Bis-(N,N-dimethylethyl)-2,6-pyridinedicarboxamide (L2), and N,N'-bis[2(2-pyridyl)-methyl]pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamide (L3) have been studied at 25°C and an ionic strength of 0.15 mol dm(-3) by glass electrode potentiometry. The protonation and formation constants added to blood plasma model predict that Cu(II) competes effectively against Ni(II), Zn(II), and Ca(II) for these ligands in vivo.

  6. Chelation behavior of various flavonols and transfer of flavonol-chelated zinc(II) to alanylaspartic dipeptide: A PCM/DFT investigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yasarawan, Nuttawisit; Thipyapong, Khajadpai; Ruangpornvisuti, Vithaya

    2016-03-01

    Alanylaspartic dipeptide (AlaAsp) and zinc(II)-flavonol complex could represent a metal-binding site in proteins and a metal-ion releasing agent, respectively. Chelation of zinc(II) by either AlaAsp or flavonol ligands in aqueous solution has been examined using DFT methods with polarizable continuum model (PCM/DFT). Coordination geometry, complexation stoichiometry, coordination bond strength, preferable metal-binding site on ligands and effect of water coordination on the stability of complexes have been addressed. In several cases, the long-range corrected density functional CAM-B3LYP allows the most accurate prediction of both structural and spectroscopic data. The preferential transfer of flavonol-chelated zinc(II) to AlaAsp under solvation is attainable through the ligand-exchange reaction. The energy barrier of such reaction is significantly dependent on the degree of hydrogen bonding within the transition state. In summary, either hydroxylation or methoxylation at particular positions on the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone significantly affects the reactivity of flavonol chelates in the metal-ion transfer.

  7. Metal-induced cyclization of thiosemicarbazones derived from beta-keto amides and beta-keto esters: open-chain and cyclized ligands in zinc(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Casas, José S; Castaño, María V; Castellano, Eduardo E; Ellena, Javier; García-Tasende, María S; Gato, Angeles; Sánchez, Agustín; Sanjuán, Luisa M; Sordo, José

    2002-03-25

    The reactions of Zn(OAc)(2) with acetoacetanilide, methyl acetoacetate, o-acetoacetanisidide, and ethyl 2-methylacetoacetate thiosemicarbazones (HTSC(1), HTSC(2), HTSC(3), and HTSC(4), respectively) were explored in methanol. With HTSC(1), HTSC(2), and HTSC(3), following isolation of the corresponding zinc(II) thiosemicarbazonates [Zn(TSC(x))(2)] (x = 1, 2, 3), the mother liquors afforded pyrazolonate complexes [ZnL(1)(2)(H(2)O)] (HL(1) = 2,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamide) that had been formed by cyclization of the corresponding TSC(-). The reaction of HTSC(4) with zinc(II) acetate gave only the pyrazolonate complex [ZnL(2)(2)(H(2)O)] (HL(2) = 2,5-dihydro-3,4-dimethyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamide). All compounds were studied by IR and NMR spectroscopy, and HTSC(3), [Zn(TSC(3))(2)] x DMSO, [ZnL(1)(2)(H(2)O)] x 2DMSO, and [ZnL(2)(2)(H(2)O)] x 2DMSO were also studied by X-ray diffractometry, giving a thorough picture of the cyclization process. In preliminary tests of the effects of HL(1) and [ZnL(1)(2)(H(2)O)] on rat paw inflammatory edema induced by carrageenan, HL(1) showed antiinflammatory activity.

  8. Preparation and sonodynamic activities of water-soluble tetra-α-(3-carboxyphenoxyl) zinc(II) phthalocyanine and its bovine serum albumin conjugate.

    PubMed

    Xu, He-Nan; Chen, Hai-Jun; Zheng, Bi-Yuan; Zheng, Yun-Quan; Ke, Mei-Rong; Huang, Jian-Dong

    2015-01-01

    Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a new approach for cancer treatment, involving the synergistic effect of ultrasound and certain chemical compounds termed as sonosensitizers. A water-soluble phthalocyanine, namely tetra-α-(3-carboxyphenoxyl) zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPcC4), has been prepared and characterized. The interactions between ZnPcC4 and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were also investigated by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. It was found that there were strong interactions between ZnPcC4 and BSA with a binding constant of 6.83×10(7)M(-1). A non-covalent BSA conjugate of ZnPcC4 (ZnPcC4-BSA) was prepared. Both ZnPcC4 and ZnPcC4-BSA exhibited efficient sonodynamic activities against HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells. Compared with ZnPcC4, conjugate ZnPcC4-BSA showed a higher sonodynamic activity with an IC50 value of 7.5μM. Upon illumination with ultrasound, ZnPcC4-BSA can induce an increase of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, resulting in cellular apoptosis. The results suggest that the albumin conjugates of zinc(II) phthalocyanines functionalized with carboxyls can serve as promising sonosensitizers for sonodynamic therapy.

  9. Efficacy of modified distillation sludge of rose (Rosa centifolia) petals for lead(II) and zinc(II) removal from aqueous solutions.

    PubMed

    Nasir, Mubashir Hussain; Nadeem, Raziya; Akhtar, Kalsoom; Hanif, Muhammad Asif; Khalid, Ahmad M

    2007-08-25

    Removal of lead(II) and zinc(II) from aqueous solutions was studied using chemically modified distillation sludge of rose (Rosa centifolia) petals by pretreatment with NaOH, Ca(OH)(2), Al(OH)(3), C(6)H(6), C(6)H(5)CHO and HgCl(2). The adsorption capacity of biomass was found to be significantly improved. NaOH pretreated biomass showed remarkable increase in sorption capacity. Maximum adsorption of both metal ions was observed at pH 5. When Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms were tested, the latter had a better fit with the experimental data. The overall adsorption process was best described by pseudo second order kinetics. The thermodynamic assessment of the metal ion-Rosa centifolia biomass system indicated the feasibility and spontaneous nature of the process and DeltaG degrees was evaluated as ranging from -26.9501 to -31.652 KJmol(-1) and -24.1905 to -29.8923KJmol(-1) for lead(II) and zinc(II) sorption, respectively, in the concentration range 10-640mgL(-1). Distribution coefficient (D) showed that the concentration of metal ions at the sorbent-water interface is higher than the concentration in the continuous aqueous phase. Maximum adsorption capacity of biomass tends to be in the order Pb(II) (87.74mgg(-1))>Zn(II) (73.8mgg(-1)) by NaOH pretreated biomass.

  10. Formation of a new copper(II) dimer through heterocyclic ligand ring opening reaction: Supramolecular features and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonçalves, Bruna Lisboa; Gervini, Vanessa Carratu; Flores, Alex Fabiani Claro; Junior, Jorge Luiz Pimentel; Bortoluzzi, Adailton João; Burrow, Robert Alan; Duarte, Rafael; da Silva, Robson Ricardo; Vicenti, Juliano Rosa de Menezes

    2017-01-01

    Two new compounds were synthesized and characterized in this work: the heterocycle (Z)-1-(4-(hydroxyimino)-3,5-dimethyl-1-(methylcarbamothioyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4-methylthiosemicarbazide and a copper(II) thiosemicarbazonato dimeric complex. Green prismatic single crystals of the dimer were obtained by the reaction of the heterocycle with copper(II) chloride dihydrate. Both compounds were essentially characterized by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction crystallography. The crystal structures revealed molecules connected through supramolecular hydrogen bond interactions and copper(II) centers in a slightly distorted square-pyramidal environment. SQUID magnetometry performed for the dimer revealed both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions in the studied complex, presenting a critical temperature of 19 K.

  11. Efficient electron-induced removal of oxalate ions and formation of copper nanoparticles from copper(II) oxalate precursor layers

    PubMed Central

    Rückriem, Kai; Grotheer, Sarah; Vieker, Henning; Penner, Paul; Beyer, André; Gölzhäuser, Armin

    2016-01-01

    Summary Copper(II) oxalate grown on carboxy-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAM) using a step-by-step approach was used as precursor for the electron-induced synthesis of surface-supported copper nanoparticles. The precursor material was deposited by dipping the surfaces alternately in ethanolic solutions of copper(II) acetate and oxalic acid with intermediate thorough rinsing steps. The deposition of copper(II) oxalate and the efficient electron-induced removal of the oxalate ions was monitored by reflection absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS). Helium ion microscopy (HIM) reveals the formation of spherical nanoparticles with well-defined size and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirms their metallic nature. Continued irradiation after depletion of oxalate does not lead to further particle growth giving evidence that nanoparticle formation is primarily controlled by the available amount of precursor. PMID:27547602

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation, DNA cleavage, superoxidase dismutase activity and antibacterial properties of some transition metal complexes of a novel bidentate Schiff base derived from isatin and 2-aminopyrimidine.

    PubMed

    Nitha, L P; Aswathy, R; Mathews, Niecy Elsa; Kumari, B Sindhu; Mohanan, K

    2014-01-24

    Complexes of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) with a Schiff base, formed by the condensation of isatin with 2-aminopyrimidine have been synthesised and characterised through elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility, IR, UV-Vis, (1)HNMR, FAB mass and EPR spectral studies. The spectral data revealed that the ligand acts as neutral bidentate, coordinating to the metal ion through the carbonyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen. Molar conductance values adequately support the electrolytic nature of the complexes. On the basis of the above observations the complexes have been formulated as [M(ISAP)2]X2, where M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); X=Cl, OAc; ISAP=2-[N-indole-2-one]aminopyrimidine. The ligand and copper(II) complex were subjected to X-ray diffraction studies. The DNA cleavage study was monitored by gel electrophoresis method. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activities of the ligand and the metal complexes were checked using NBT assay. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds has been tested against gram negative and gram positive bacteria.

  13. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterisation, DNA cleavage, superoxidase dismutase activity and antibacterial properties of some transition metal complexes of a novel bidentate Schiff base derived from isatin and 2-aminopyrimidine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nitha, L. P.; Aswathy, R.; Mathews, Niecy Elsa; Sindhu kumari, B.; Mohanan, K.

    2014-01-01

    Complexes of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) with a Schiff base, formed by the condensation of isatin with 2-aminopyrimidine have been synthesised and characterised through elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility, IR, UV-Vis, 1HNMR, FAB mass and EPR spectral studies. The spectral data revealed that the ligand acts as neutral bidentate, coordinating to the metal ion through the carbonyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen. Molar conductance values adequately support the electrolytic nature of the complexes. On the basis of the above observations the complexes have been formulated as [M(ISAP)2]X2, where M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); X = Cl, OAc; ISAP = 2-[N-indole-2-one]aminopyrimidine. The ligand and copper(II) complex were subjected to X-ray diffraction studies. The DNA cleavage study was monitored by gel electrophoresis method. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activities of the ligand and the metal complexes were checked using NBT assay. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds has been tested against gram negative and gram positive bacteria.

  14. Application of Colorimetric Solid Phase Extraction (C-SPE) to Monitoring Nickel(II) and Lead(II) in Spacecraft Water Supplies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Diaz, Neil C.; Gazda, Daniel B.; Fritz, James S.; Porter, Marc D.; Rutz, Jeff; Mudgett, Paul; Schultz, John

    2004-01-01

    Archived water samples collected on the International Space Station (ISS) and returned to Earth for analysis have, in a few instances, contained trace levels of heavy metals. Building on our previous advances using Colorimetric Solid Phase Extraction (C-SPE) as a biocide monitoring technique, we are devising methods for the low level monitoring of nickel(II), lead(II) and other heavy metals. C-SPE is a sorption-spectrophotometric platform based on the extraction of analytes onto a membrane impregnated with a colorimetric reagent that are then quantified on the surface of the membrane using a diffuse reflectance spectrophotometer. Along these lines, we have determined nickel(II) via complexation with dimethylglyoxime (DMG) and begun to examine the analysis of lead(II) by its reaction with 2,5- dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole (DMTD) and 4-(2- pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR). These developments are also extending a new variant of C-SPE in which immobilized reagents are being incorporated into this methodology in order to optimize sample reaction conditions and to introduce the colorimetric reagent. This paper describes the status of our development of these two new methods.

  15. Nickel(II) in chelate N2O2 environment. DFT approach and in-depth molecular orbital and configurational analysis.

    PubMed

    Trifunović, Srećko R; Miletić, Vesna D; Jevtić, Verica V; Meetsma, Auke; Matović, Zoran D

    2013-10-07

    The O-N-N-O-type tetradentate ligands H2S,S-eddp (H2S,S-eddp stands for S,S-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-2-propionic acid) and H2edap (H2edap stands for ethylenediamine-N-acetic-N'-3-propionic acid) and the corresponding novel octahedral nickel(II) complexes have been prepared and characterized. N2O2 ligands coordinate to the nickel(II) ion via four donor atoms (two deprotonated carboxylate atoms and two amine nitrogens) affording octahedral geometry in the case of all investigated Ni(II) complexes. A six coordinate, octahedral geometry has been verified crystallographically for the s-cis-[Ni(S,S-eddp)(H2O)2] complex. Structural data correlating similarly chelated Ni(II) complexes have been used to carry out an extensive configuration analysis. Molecular mechanics and Density Functional Theory (DFT) have been used to model the most stable geometric isomer, yielding, at the same time, significant structural and spectroscopic (TDDFT) data. The results from density functional studies have been compared to X-ray data. Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) and Natural Energetic Decomposition Analysis (NEDA) have been done for the [Ni(edda-type)(H2O)(2-n)] and nH2O fragments. Molecular orbital analysis (MPA) is given as well. The infra-red and electronic absorption spectra of the complexes are discussed in comparison to the related complexes of known geometries.

  16. Theoretical investigation, biological evaluation and VEGFR2 kinase studies of metal(II) complexes derived from hydrotris(methimazolyl)borate.

    PubMed

    Jayakumar, S; Mahendiran, D; Srinivasan, T; Mohanraj, G; Kalilur Rahiman, A

    2016-02-01

    The reaction of soft tripodal scorpionate ligand, sodium hydrotris(methimazolyl)borate with M(ClO4)2·6H2O [MMn(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) or Zn(II)] in methanol leads to the cleavage of B-N bond followed by the formation of complexes of the type [M(MeimzH)4](ClO4)2·H2O (1-4), where MeimzH=methimazole. All the complexes were fully characterized by spectro-analytical techniques. The molecular structure of the zinc(II) complex (4) was determined by X-ray crystallography, which supports the observed deboronation reaction in the scorpionate ligand with tetrahedral geometry around zinc(II) ion. The electronic spectra of complexes suggested tetrahedral geometry for manganese(II) and nickel(II) complexes, and square-planar geometry for copper(II) complex. Frontier molecular orbital analysis (HOMO-LUMO) was carried out by B3LYP/6-31G(d) to understand the charge transfer occurring in the molecules. All the complexes exhibit significant antimicrobial activity against Gram (-ve) and Gram (+ve) bacterial as well as fungal strains, which are quite comparable to standard drugs streptomycin and clotrimazole. The copper(II) complex (3) showed excellent free radical scavenging activity against DPPH in all concentration with IC50 value of 30μg/mL, when compared to the other complexes. In the molecular docking studies, all the complexes showed hydrophobic, π-π and hydrogen bonding interactions with BSA. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes against human hepatocellular liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells was assessed by MTT assay, which showed exponential responses toward increasing concentration of complexes.

  17. Characterization of the Copper(II) Binding Sites in Human Carbonic Anhydrase II

    PubMed Central

    Nettles, Whitnee L.; Song, He; Farquhar, Erik R.; Fitzkee, Nicholas C.; Emerson, Joseph P.

    2015-01-01

    Human carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a well-studied, robust, mononuclear Zn-containing metalloprotein that serves as an excellent biological ligand system to study the thermodynamics associated with metal ion coordination chemistry in aqueous solution. The apo-form of human carbonic anhydrase II (CA) binds two equivalents of copper(II) with high affinity. The Cu2+ ions bind independently forming two non-coupled type-II copper centers in CA (CuA and CuB). However, the location and coordination mode of the CuA site in solution is unclear, compared to the CuB site that has been well characterized. Using paramagnetic NMR techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy we have identified an N-terminal Cu2+ binding location and collected information on the coordination mode of the CuA site in CA, which is consistent with a four to five coordinate N-terminal Cu2+ binding site reminiscent to a number of N-terminal copper(II) binding sites including the copper(II)-ATCUN and copper(II)-beta-amyloid complexes. Additionally, we report a more detailed analysis of the thermodynamics associated with copper(II) binding to CA. Although we are still unable to fully deconvolute Cu2+ binding data to the high-affinity CuA site, we have derived pH- and buffer-independent values for the thermodynamics parameters K and ΔH associated with Cu2+ binding to the CuB site of CA to be 2 × 109 and −17.4 kcal/mol, respectively. PMID:26010488

  18. Copper(II) ions and the Alzheimer's amyloid-β peptide: Affinity and stoichiometry of binding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tõugu, Vello; Friedemann, Merlin; Tiiman, Ann; Palumaa, Peep

    2014-10-01

    Deposition of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides into amyloid plaques is the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis this deposition is an early event and primary cause of the disease, however, the mechanisms that cause this deposition remain elusive. An increasing amount of evidence shows that the interactions of biometals can contribute to the fibrillization and amyloid formation by amyloidogenic peptides. From different anions the copper ions deserve the most attention since it can contribute not only toamyloid formation but also to its toxicity due to the generation of ROS. In this thesis we focus on the affinity and stoichiometry of copper(II) binding to the Aβ molecule.

  19. The toxicity of copper(II) species to marine algae, with particular reference to macroalgae

    SciTech Connect

    Gledhill, M.; Nimmo, M.; Hill, S.J.; Brown, M.T.

    1997-02-01

    Ambient concentrations of dissolved copper(II) in seawater are very low. However, levels can increase as a result of natural and anthropogenic sources. Such increase can have profound effects on organisms in the vicinity resulting in inhibition of growth, reduced fecundity, and even death. This paper highlights the importance of pecieation when considering the toxic effects of cooper, with particular reference to macroalgae in a marine environment, and to encourage more biologists to take account of this in their studies of metal pollution. 104 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  20. Correlation between the molecular structure and the kinetics of decomposition of azamacrocyclic copper(ii) complexes.

    PubMed

    Acosta-Rueda, Laura; Delgado-Pinar, Estefanía; Pitarch-Jarque, Javier; Rodríguez, Alexis; Blasco, Salvador; González, Jorge; Basallote, Manuel G; García-España, Enrique

    2015-05-07

    The formation of copper(ii) complexes with symmetrical dinucleating macrocyclic ligands containing two either monomethylated () or trimethylated () diethylenetriamine (Medien or Me3dien) subunits linked by pyridine spacers has been studied by potentiometry. Potentiometric studies show that has larger basicity than as well as higher stability of its mono- and binuclear complexes. The crystal structures of ·6HCl (), [Cu2(L1)Cl2](CF3SO3)2 (), [Cu2(L1)(OH)](ClO4)3·3H2O () and [Cu(L1)](ClO4)2 () show that adopts different coordination modes when bound to copper(ii). Whereas in , each copper(ii) is bound to one Medien subunit and to one pyridine group, in each metal center is coordinated to one 2,6-di(aminomethyl)pyridine moiety (damp) and to one aminomethyl group. The mononuclear complex shows pseudo-octahedral coordination with two weakly coordinated axial nitrogens. Kinetic studies indicate that complex decomposition is strongly dependent on the coordination mode of . Upon addition of an acid excess, all the species except [Cu2(L1)](4+) convert very rapidly to an intermediate that decomposes more slowly to copper(ii) and a protonated ligand. In contrast, [Cu2(L1)](4+) decomposes directly without the formation of any detectable intermediate. These results can be rationalized by considering that the crystal structures are maintained in solution and that the weakest Cu-N bonds are broken first, thus indicating that kinetic measurements on complex decomposition can be used to provide information about structural reorganizations in the complexes. In any case, complete decomposition of the complexes takes place in a maximum of two kinetically resolvable steps. However, minor changes in the structure of the complexes can lead to drastic changes in the kinetics of decomposition and the complexes decompose with polyphasic kinetics in which up to four different steps associated with the successive breaking of the different Cu-N bonds can be resolved.

  1. Synthesis, spectral characterization, molecular modeling and antimicrobial activity studies on 2-aminopyridine-cyclodiphosph(V)azane derivative and its homo-binuclear zinc(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.

    2014-06-01

    Complexes of zinc(II) of general composition [Zn2(L)X2(H2O)4]nH2O have been synthesized [L = 1,3-dipyridyl-2,4-dioxo-2‧,4‧-bis(2-iminopyridine)cyclodi-phosph(V)azane and X = NO3-; n = 2, OAc-; n = 1, SO42-; n = 2 and Cl-; n = 2]. The elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, mass, IR, UV, NMR (1H and 31P), TGA, DTA, SEM and XRD spectral studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the cyclodiphosph(V)azane ligand (H2L) acts as a bidentate manner per zinc ion. The cyclodiphosph(V)azane ligand forms hexa-coordinated complexes having octahedral geometry for Zn(II) complexes. The elemental analyses and mass spectral data have justified the [Zn2(L)X2(H2O)4]nH2O composition of complexes. Infrared spectra of the zinc complexes indicate deprotonation and coordination of the imine NH. It also confirms that nitrogen atoms of the pyridine group contribute to the complexation. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) was performed of [Zn2L(SO4)2(H2O)4]2H2O complex. The XRD patterns indicate crystalline nature for the [Zn2L(SO4)2(H2O)4]2H2O complex. The measured low molar conductance values in dimethylformamide indicate that the complexes are non-electrolyte nature. The surface morphology (SEM) of the cyclodiphosph(V)azane ligand and the [Zn2L(NO3)2(H2O)4]2H2O complex were studied by SEM. The thermal studies suggested that the complexes are more stable as compared to ligand. In molecular modeling the geometries of cyclodiphosph(V)azane ligand H2L and its zinc(II) complexes were fully optimized with respect to the energy using the 6-31G basis set. The cyclodiphosph(V)azane ligand and the zinc(II) complexes have been measured in vitro to judge their antibacterial (Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus) and antifungal (Aspergillus niger and Pencillium chrysogenum) activities.

  2. Copper(II) interaction with peptide fragments of histidine-proline-rich glycoprotein: Speciation, stability and binding details.

    PubMed

    La Mendola, Diego; Magrì, Antonio; Santoro, Anna Maria; Nicoletti, Vincenzo G; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2012-06-01

    GHHPH is the peptide repeat present in histidine-proline rich glycoprotein (HPRG), a plasma glycoprotein involved in angiogenesis process. The copper(II) ions interaction with mono (Ac-GHHPHG-NH(2)) and its bis-repeat (Ac-GHHPHGHHPHG-NH(2)) was investigated by means of potentiometric and spectroscopic techniques. To single out the copper(II) coordination environments of different species formed with Ac-GHHPHG-NH(2), three single point mutated peptides were also synthesized and their ability to coordinate Cu(2+) investigated. Ac-GHHPHG-NH(2) binds Cu(2+) by the imidazole side chain and the amide nitrogen deprotonation that takes place towards the N-terminus. The bis-repeat is able to bind Cu(2+) more efficiently than Ac-GHHPHG-NH(2). This difference is not only due to the number of His residues in the sequence but also to the different binding sites. In fact, the comparison of the potentiometric and spectroscopic data of the copper(II) complexes with a bis-repeatPeg construct Ac-(GHHPHG)-Peg-(GHHPHG)-NH(2) and those of the metal complexes with Ac-HGHH-NH(2), indicates that the central HGHH amino acid sequence is the main copper(II) binding site.

  3. Quantitative prediction of nuclear-spin-diffusion-limited coherence times of molecular quantum bits based on copper(ii).

    PubMed

    Lenz, S; Bader, K; Bamberger, H; van Slageren, J

    2017-04-06

    We have investigated the electron spin dynamics in a series of copper(ii) β-diketonate complexes both in frozen solutions and doped solids. Double digit microsecond coherence times were found at low temperatures. We report quantitative simulations of the coherence decays solely based on the crystal structure of the doped solids.

  4. Copper(II) coordination properties of the integrin ligand sequence PHSRN and its new β-cyclodextrin conjugates.

    PubMed

    Magrì, Antonio; D'Alessandro, Franca; Distefano, Donatella A; Campagna, Tiziana; Pappalardo, Giuseppe; Impellizzeri, Giuseppe; La Mendola, Diego

    2012-08-01

    The peptide sequence PHSRN is the second cell binding site of the human fibronectin protein, a glycoprotein which plays a critical adhesive role during development, tissue repair and angiogenesis. The copper(II) complexes with the peptide fragment PHSRN were characterized by potentiometric and UV-visible, CD, EPR spectroscopic methods. Thermodynamic and spectroscopic evidences indicate that at physiological pH, only one copper(II) complex species, [CuLH(-2)], is present and the metal ion is bound to one imidazole and two amide nitrogen atoms (N(Im), 2N(-)) in a tetrahedral distorted square planar coordination. Two new β-cyclodextrin-ethylendiamino derivatives with the PHSRN covalently attached were synthesized as multitargeting molecules, able to have a site-specific recognition sequence, to interact with copper(II) ions and to be a potential carrier of hydrophobic drugs. Copper(II) complexes with these β-cyclodextrin derivatives were characterized by means of potentiometric and spectroscopic techniques. The comparison of the experimental parameters determined at different pH values with those obtained for the parent peptide complex species, shows that at physiological pH the ethylendiamino-β-CD moiety does not influence the peptide interaction with copper ions and the β-CD hydrophobic cavity is not blocked, being available to host hydrophobic drugs such as naproxen.

  5. Inkjet Printing of zinc(II) bis-2,2':6',2"-terpyridine metallopolymers: printability and film-forming studies by a combinatorial thin-film library approach.

    PubMed

    Friebe, Christian; Wild, Andreas; Perelaer, Jolke; Schubert, Ulrich S

    2012-04-13

    For the first time, thin-film libraries of zinc(II) bis-2,2':6',2"-terpyridine metallopolymers are prepared by inkjet printing to study structure-property relationships and their possible usage for organic photovoltaic (OPV) or polymer light-emitting diode (PLED) applications. By using a combinatorial approach, various important parameters, including solvent system, dot spacing, and substrate temperature, as well as UV-vis absorption and emission properties, are screened in a materials efficient and reproducible manner. Homogeneous films with a thickness of 150 -200 nm were obtained when printed at 40 -50 °C and from a solvent mixture of N,N-dimethylformamide and acetophenone in a ratio of 90/10. In applications such as OPV and PLEDs the control over film thickness and homogeneity are central to obtain good device properties.

  6. Cadmium(II) and zinc(II) adsorption by the aquatic moss Fontinalis antipyretica: effect of temperature, pH and water hardness.

    PubMed

    Martins, Ramiro J E; Pardo, Rosana; Boaventura, Rui A R

    2004-02-01

    The biosorption of cadmium(II) and zinc(II) ions onto dried Fontinalis antipyretica, a widely spread aquatic moss, was studied under different values of temperature, initial pH and water hardness. The equilibrium was well described by Langmuir adsorption isotherms. Maximum biosorption capacity of cadmium was independent on temperature and averaged 28.0 mg g(-1) moss, whereas for zinc, capacity increased with temperature, from 11.5 mg g(-1) moss at 5 degrees C to 14.7 mg g(-1) moss at 30 degrees C. Optimum adsorption pH value was determined as 5.0 for both metal ions. Cadmium uptake was unaffected by the presence of calcium ions, but zinc sorption was improved when water hardness increased from 101.1 to 116.3 mg CaCO(3)l(-1). Inversely, as hardness increases, the competition with calcium ions strongly reduces the affinity of the biosorbent for zinc.

  7. Synthetic, crystallographic, and computational study of copper(II) complexes of ethylenediaminetetracarboxylate ligands.

    PubMed

    Matović, Zoran D; Miletić, Vesna D; Ćendić, Marina; Meetsma, Auke; van Koningsbruggen, Petra J; Deeth, Robert J

    2013-02-04

    Copper(II) complexes of hexadentate ethylenediaminetetracarboxylic acid type ligands H(4)eda3p and H(4)eddadp (H(4)eda3p = ethylenediamine-N-acetic-N,N',N'-tri-3-propionic acid; H(4)eddadp = ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic-N,N'-di-3-propionic acid) have been prepared. An octahedral trans(O(6)) geometry (two propionate ligands coordinated in axial positions) has been established crystallographically for the Ba[Cu(eda3p)]·8H(2)O compound, while Ba[Cu(eddadp)]·8H(2)O is proposed to adopt a trans(O(5)) geometry (two axial acetates) on the basis of density functional theory calculations and comparisons of IR and UV-vis spectral data. Experimental and computed structural data correlating similar copper(II) chelate complexes have been used to better understand the isomerism and departure from regular octahedral geometry within the series. The in-plane O-Cu-N chelate angles show the smallest deviation from the ideal octahedral value of 90°, and hence the lowest strain, for the eddadp complex with two equatorial β-propionate rings. A linear dependence between tetragonality and the number of five-membered rings has been established. A natural bonding orbital analysis of the series of complexes is also presented.

  8. Copper(II) complexes of prion protein PEG11-tetraoctarepeat fragment: spectroscopic and voltammetric studies.

    PubMed

    Bonomo, Raffaele P; Di Natale, Giuseppe; Rizzarelli, Enrico; Tabbì, Giovanni; Vagliasindi, Laura I

    2009-04-14

    Spectroscopic (UV-Vis and EPR) and voltammetric studies have been carried out on the copper(II) complexes with the Ac-PEG11-(PHGGGWGQ)4-NH2 (L) polypeptide. In the ratios Cu : L 3 : 1 and 4 : 1, the two [Cu3(L)H(-6)] and [Cu4(L)H(-8)] complex species have been characterized at neutral pH values. All the copper atoms occupy similar coordination sites formed by imidazole, peptidic nitrogen atoms and carbonyl oxygen atoms in a square base pyramidal geometry. Voltammetric measurements on these systems point out the cooperativity in the electron transfer processes among the copper(II) sites during their reduction. NO interaction with these polynuclear copper species is characterized by the reduction of the copper sites through the formation of two different intermediate complex species. When an excess of the Ac-PEG11-(PHGGGWGQ)4-NH2 ligand is considered, frozen solution EPR parameters and UV-Vis spectroscopic data identify the [Cu(N(im))4]2+ chromophore, which does not interact with NO.

  9. Biosorption of copper(II) by Marrubium globosum subsp. globosum leaves powder: effect of chemical pretreatment.

    PubMed

    Yazici, Hüseyin; Kiliç, Mehmet; Solak, Murat

    2008-03-01

    The study was aimed at determining the effect of chemical pretreatment on copper(II) biosorption by Marrubium globosum subsp. globosum leaves. The uptake capacity of the biomass was increased by chemical pretreatment when compared with the raw biomass. The results of biosorption experiments, carried out at the conditions of 50 mg l(-1) initial metal concentration and pH 5.5, showed that pretreating the biomass with alkali solutions (laundry detergent, sodium hydroxide and sodium bicarbonate, 0.5 M) improved the biosorption capacity of biomass (45.90, 45.78 and 43.91%, respectively) compared with raw biomass. Pretreatment with sulfuric and nitric acid solutions, 0.5 M, increased the biosorption capacity of biomass by 11.82 and 10.18%, respectively, while there was no considerable change in the biosorption capacity of biomass (0.35%) after pretreatment with formic acid solution, 0.5 M. Furthermore, sodium chloride and calcium chloride, 0.5 M, pretreatments resulted in the improvement in biosorption capacity of biomass (31.38 and 26.69%, respectively). FT-IR analysis revealed that hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups were mainly responsible for copper(II) biosorption.

  10. Cytotoxicity of copper(II) complexes of N-salicylidene-L-glutamate: modulation by ascorbic acid.

    PubMed

    Paulikova, H; Kadlecikova, E; Suchanova, M; Valkova, Z; Rauko, P; Hudecova, D; Valent, A

    2008-01-01

    Cytotoxic/cytostatic activity of N-salicylidene-L-glutamato diaqua copper(II) complex (CuC) against mice leukemia cells L1210 has been estimated and their bioactivity was enhanced by addition of ascorbic acid. The Cu-complex with isoquinoline ligand (IQ-CuC) had stronger cytostatic effect (IC50 =15.6 microM) than parental complex (CuC) and its cytotoxicity several times increased in the presence of 0.1 mM ascorbic acid (IC50 =1.0 microM). The cytotoxicity has been caused by oxidative stress, enhanced creation of TBARS has been confirmed, and formation of 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein from 2',7'- dichlorodihydrofluorescein has been observed, also. Some hallmarks of apoptotic/necrotic death of L1210 cells have been observed by fluorescent microscopy after dyeing of cell with propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342. In addition, it was confirmed that both complexes in the presence of ascorbic acid cleavaged of pDNA. Although these copper complexes were initially prepared as substances with antioxidant properties we have showed that combined treatment of L1210 cells with IQCuC and ascorbic acid induced strong oxidative stress and death of cells. Our results confirmed that physiological concentration of ascorbic acid increases the cytostatic/cytotoxic efficiency of N-salicylidene-L-glutamato diaqua copper(II) complexes.

  11. Enantiopure copper(II) complex of natural product rosin derivative: DNA binding, DNA cleavage and cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Fei, Bao-Li; Yin, Bin; Li, Dong-Dong; Xu, Wu-Shuang; Lu, Yang

    2016-12-01

    To develop chiral anticancer drug candidates for molecular target DNA, the synthesis and characterization of a novel enantiomerically pure copper(II) complex [Cu 1 Cl 2 ] (2) of an optically pure ligand N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene) dehydroabietylamine (1) was carried out. The coordination geometry of the copper center is a distorted square-planar arrangement. The interactions of 1 and 2 with salmon sperm DNA were investigated by viscosity measurements, UV, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques. All the results reveal that 1 and 2 interacted with DNA through intercalation and 2 exhibited a higher DNA binding ability. Further, 1 and 2 could cleave supercoiled pBR322 DNA by single strand and 2 displayed stronger cleavage ability in the presence of ascorbic acid. In vitro cytotoxicity of 1 and 2 against HeLa, SiHa, HepG-2 and A431 cancer cell lines was studied using CCK-8 assay. The results indicate that 2 had a superior cytotoxicity than 1 and the widely used drug cisplatin under identical conditions. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrates 2 produced death of HeLa cancer cells through an apoptotic pathway. Cell cycle analysis shows that 2 mainly arrested HeLa cells at the S phase. A novel enantiomerically pure copper(II) complex [Cu 1 Cl 2 ] (2) of an optically pure ligand N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene) dehydroabietylamine (1), based on natural product rosin has been synthesized. 2 has the potential to act as effective anticancer drug.

  12. Highly efficient visual detection of trace copper(II) and protein by the quantum photoelectric effect.

    PubMed

    Wang, Peng; Lei, Jianping; Su, Mengqi; Liu, Yueting; Hao, Qing; Ju, Huangxian

    2013-09-17

    This work presented a photocurrent response mechanism of quantum dots (QDs) under illumination with the concept of a quantum photoelectric effect. Upon irradiation, the photoelectron could directly escape from QDs. By using nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) to capture the photoelectron, a new visual system was proposed due to the formation of an insoluble reduction product, purple formazan, which could be used to visualize the quantum photoelectric effect. The interaction of copper(II) with QDs could form trapping sites to interfere with the quantum confinement and thus blocked the escape of photoelectron, leading to a "signal off" visual method for sensitive copper(II) detection. Meanwhile, by using QDs as a signal tag to label antibody, a "signal on" visual method was also proposed for immunoassay of corresponding protein. With meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic-capped CdTe QDs and carcino-embryonic antigen as models, the proposed visual detection methods showed high sensitivity, low detection limit, and wide detectable concentration ranges. The visualization of quantum photoelectric effect could be simply extended for the detection of other targets. This work opens a new visual detection way and provides a highly efficient tool for bioanalysis.

  13. Synthesis, supramolecular behavior, and in vitro photodynamic activities of novel zinc(II) phthalocyanines "side-strapped" with crown ether bridges.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xing-Wei; Ke, Mei-Rong; Li, Xing-Shu; Lan, Wen-Liang; Zhang, Miao-Fen; Huang, Jian-Dong

    2013-12-01

    Two new tetra- or di-α-substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanines 5 and 6 have been prepared through a "side-strapped" method. In the molecules, the adjacent benzene rings of the phthalocyanine core are linked at α-position through a triethylene glycol bridge to form a hybrid aza-/oxa-crown ether. The tetra-α-substituted phthalocyanine 5 shows an eclipsed self-assembly property in CH2Cl2 and the effect on the di-α-substituted analogue 6 is significantly weakened. Furthermore, the crown ethers of these compounds can selectively complex with Fe(3+) or Cu(2+) ion in DMF, leading to formation of J-aggregated nano-assemblies, which can be disaggregated in the presence of some organic or inorganic ligands, such as triethylamine, tetramethylethylenediamine, CH3COO(-), or OH(-). In addition, both compounds are efficient singlet oxygen generators with the singlet oxygen quantum yields (Φ(Δ)) of 0.54-0.74 in DMF relative to unsubstituted zinc(II) phthalocyanine (Φ(Δ)=0.56). They exhibit photodynamic activities toward HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells, but the compound 6, which has more than 40-fold lower IC50 value (0.08 μM) compared to the analogue 5 (IC50=3.31 μM), shows remarkablely higher in vitro photocytotoxicity due to its significantly higher cellular uptake and singlet oxygen generation efficiency. The results suggest that these compounds can serve as promising multifunctional materials both in (opto)electronic field and photodynamic therapy.

  14. Acid-base interactions and complex formation while recovering copper(II) ions from aqueous solutions using cellulose adsorbent in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikiforova, T. E.; Kozlov, V. A.; Islyaikin, M. K.

    2012-12-01

    The sorption properties of nontreated cotton cellulose and cellulose modified with polyvinylpyrrolidone with respect to copper(II) ions are investigated. It is established that modified cellulose adsorbents have high sorption capability associated with the formation of new sorption centers during treatment with nitrogen-containing polymer. A mechanism is proposed for acid-base interactions in aqueous solutions of acids, bases, and salts during copper(II) cation recovery using cellulose adsorbent with the participation of polyvinylpyrrolidone.

  15. Syntheses, structures, and properties of two new zinc(II) metal-organic frameworks based on flexible 1,6-bis(2-methyl-imidazole-1-yl)hexane ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Jun-Cheng; Fu, Ai-Yun; Li, Dian; Chang, Wen-Gui; Wu, Ju; Yang, Mei; Xie, Cheng-Gen; Xu, Guang-Nian; Cai, An-Xing; Wu, Ai-Hua

    2014-11-01

    Two new zinc(II) metal-organic compounds of [Zn(ADC)(bimh)]n (1) and [Zn(ADA)(bimh)]n (2) (H2ADC = 1,3-adamantanedicarboxylic acid, H2ADA = 1,3-adamantanediacetic acid, bimh = 1,6-bis(2-methyl-imidazole-1-yl)-hexane, have been structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. In compound 1, the zinc(II) ions are bridged by ADC and bimh ligands to form a 1D looped chain. In compound 2, the ADA molecules alternately bridge Zn(II) atoms to form infinite chains, and then the 1D chain is connected through the bimh ligand resulting in an undulating infinite two-dimensional (2D) polymeric network. Additionally, TG analysis, XRPD and fluorescent properties for compounds 1 and 2 are also measured and discussed.

  16. A highly selective and sensitive fluorescence assay for determination of copper(II) and cobalt(II) ions in environmental water and toner samples.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Chia-Yi; Lin, Yang-Wei

    2013-02-21

    In this study, a highly selective and sensitive fluorescence assay has been proposed for the determination of copper(II) and cobalt(II) ions in environmental water and toner samples. In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, copper(II) reacted with a new fluorescence reagent Amplex® UltraRed (AUR), forming a fluorescence product only at pH 7.0, while the fluorescence product of cobalt(II) with AUR formed only at pH 9.0. The fluorescence signal obtained was linear with respect to the copper(II) concentration over the range of 1.6-12.0 μM (R(2) = 0.988) and was linear with respect to the cobalt(II) concentration over the range of 45.0 nM to 1.0 μM (R(2) = 0.992). The limits of detection (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3) for copper(II) and cobalt(II) were 0.17 μM and 14.0 nM, respectively. Our present approach is simpler, faster, and more cost-effective than other techniques for the detection of copper(II) and cobalt(II) ions in environmental water samples and that of copper(II) ions in toner samples.

  17. Norfloxacin and N-Donor Mixed-Ligand Copper(II) Complexes: Synthesis, Albumin Interaction, and Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi Activity

    PubMed Central

    Martins, Darliane A.; Gouvea, Ligiane R.; Muniz, Gabriel S. Vignoli; Louro, Sonia R. W.; Batista, Denise da Gama Jaen; Soeiro, Maria de Nazaré C.; Teixeira, Letícia R.

    2016-01-01

    Copper(II) complexes with the first-generation quinolone antibacterial agent norfloxacin containing a nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) were prepared and characterized by IR, EPR spectra, molar conductivity, and elemental analyses. The experimental data suggest that norfloxacin was coordinated to copper(II) through the carboxylato and ketone oxygen atoms. The interaction of the copper(II) complexes with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated using fluorescence quenching of the tryptophan residues and copper(II) EPR spectroscopy. The results of fluorescence titration revealed that copper(II) complexes have a moderate ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of the albumins through a static quenching mechanism. EPR experiments showed that BSA and HSA Cu(II) sites compete with NOR for Cu(II)-bipy and Cu(II)-phen to form protein mixed-ligand complexes. Copper(II) complexes, together with the corresponding ligands, were evaluated for their trypanocidal activity in vitro against Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. The tests performed using bloodstream trypomastigotes showed that the Cu(II)-N-donor precursors and the metal complexes were more active than the free fluoroquinolone. PMID:26924953

  18. Investigation of the insulin-like properties of zinc(II) complexes of 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinones: identification of a compound with glucose lowering effect in STZ-induced type I diabetic animals.

    PubMed

    Moniz, Tânia; Amorim, M João; Ferreira, Rita; Nunes, Ana; Silva, Ana; Queirós, Carla; Leite, Andreia; Gameiro, Paula; Sarmento, Bruno; Remião, Fernando; Yoshikawa, Yutaka; Sakurai, Hiromu; Rangel, Maria

    2011-12-01

    Results from an investigation in an in vivo model of STZ-induced diabetic rats demonstrate that compound bis(1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-pyridinonate)zinc(II), Zn(dmpp)(2), significantly lowers the blood glucose levels of individuals, thus showing evidence of glucose lowering activity. The compound was selected from a set of eight zinc(II) complexes of 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinones with diverse lipophilicity that were prepared and characterized in our laboratory. Assessment of insulin-like activity of the complexes was firstly performed in vitro by measuring the inhibition of FFA release in isolated rat adipocytes. The results indicate that compounds bis(2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyridinonate)zinc(II), Zn(mpp)(2) and Zn(dmpp)(2) display significantly higher activity than that of the respective positive control thus suggesting its selection for in vivo tests. Safety evaluation of the active zinc(II) compounds was performed in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes. The results support that cell viability is not significantly different from the control set after 1 and 2h of incubation with both zinc(II) complexes.

  19. Synthesis, antioxidant activities of the nickel(II), iron(III) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes with N2O2 chelating thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Bal-Demirci, Tülay; Sahin, Musa; Ozyürek, Mustafa; Kondakçı, Esin; Ulküseven, Bahri

    2014-05-21

    The nickel(II), iron(III) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes of the N2O2 chelating thiosemicarbazones were synthesized using 4-hydroxysalicyladehyde-S-methylthiosemicarbazone and R1-substitute-salicylaldehyde (R1: 4-OH, H) in the presence of Ni(II), Fe(III), VO(IV) ions by the template reaction. The structures of the thiosemicarbazone complexes were characterized by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, elemental, ESI-MS and APCI-MS analysis. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antioxidant capacity by using the cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method. Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) of iron(III) complex, 1c, was measured to be higher than that of the other complexes. Other parameters of antioxidant activity (scavenging effects on •OH, O2(•-) and H2O2) of these compounds were also determined. All the compounds have shown encouraging ROS scavenging activities.

  20. New manganese(II) and nickel(II) coordination compounds with N,O-polydentate ligands obtained from pyridoxal and tripodal units

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebani, Patrícia Regina; Fontana, Liniquer Andre; Campos, Patrick Teixeira; Rosso, Eduardo F.; Piquini, Paulo C.; Iglesias, Bernardo Almeida; Back, Davi Fernando

    2016-09-01

    We have reported the synthesis involving the condensation of pyridoxal with tris(2-aminoethyl)amine obtained a tripodal ligand, as well as its subsequent complexation with the manganese(II) and nickel(II) ions. The structural analysis revealed, in the case of complex 1, the formation of a monomeric complex with Mn(II) species. In the complex 2, with Ni(II) metal ion, we describe the probable mechanism for the formation of hemiacetal in these complexes. Only the complex 1 catalyze the dismutation of superoxide efficiently with IC50 equal to 3.38 μM, evaluated through the nitro blue tetrazolium photoreduction inhibition superoxide dismutase assay, in aqueous solution of pH 7.8. Density functional theory calculations are done to characterize and compare the molecular frontier orbitals of the Mn(II) and Ni(II) complexes.

  1. Nickel(I) and nickel(III) complexes of substituted tetraaza macrocycles formed by pulse radiolysis and electrochemistry of nickel(II) precursors

    SciTech Connect

    Bernhardt, P.V.; Lawrance, G.A.; Sangster, D.F.

    1988-11-02

    The square-planar nickel(II) complexes of the ligands 8-methyl-8-nitro-1,3,6,10,13,15-hexaazatricyclo(13.1.1.1/sup 13,15/)octadecane, 8-amino-8-methyl-1,3,6,10,13,15-hexaazatricyclo(13.1.1.1/sup 13,15/)octadecane, 3,7-bis(2-aminoethyl)-1,3,5,7-tetraazabicyclo(3.3.1)nonane, and 9-methyl-9-nitro-1,4,7,11-tetraazacyclotridecane (I-IV) react rapidly with hydroxyl radicals and aquated electrons (e/sub aq/). The initial transient products of these reactions decay via first-order kinetics within a few milliseconds in neutral aqueous solution at 22/degrees/C in all cases. Electronic spectra and decay rate constants, as well as formation rate constants, are reported for all transients. Reaction of the nitro-substituted complexes with e/sub aq/ led to electron addition to the nitro group rather than to the metal center; otherwise, a Ni/sup I/ transient is observed. Following reaction with OH, the product of the initial decay remains a Ni/sup III/ species. This is more long-lived, and stabilization of Ni/sup III/ by axial coordination of the pendant amine in II is indicated. No notable stabilization of Ni/sup I/ or Ni/sup III/ from the presence of the bicyclic azamethylene football in I-III occurs. Cyclic voltammetry in acetonitrile identified both one-electron oxidation and one-electron reduction processes for the nickel(II) complexes, as well as nitro group reduction, where this group was pendant to the macrocycle. 34 references, 3 figures, 3 tables.

  2. Preparation and characterization of surfactant-modified hydroxyapatite/zeolite composite and its adsorption behavior toward humic acid and copper(II).

    PubMed

    Zhan, Yanhui; Lin, Jianwei; Li, Jia

    2013-04-01

    A novel composite material, i.e., surfactant-modified hydroxyapatite/zeolite composite, was used as an adsorbent to remove humic acid (HA) and copper(II) from aqueous solution. Hydroxyapatite/zeolite composite (HZC) and surfactant-modified HZC (SMHZC) were prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscope. The adsorption of HA and copper(II) on SMHZC was investigated. For comparison purposes, HA adsorption onto HZC was also investigated. SMHZC exhibited much higher HA adsorption capacity than HZC. The HA adsorption capacity for SMHZC decreased slightly with increasing pH from 3 to 8 but decreased significantly with increasing pH from 8 to 12. The copper(II) adsorption capacity for SMHZC increased with increasing pH from 3 to 6.5. The adsorption kinetic data of HA and copper(II) on SMHZC obeyed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption of HA and copper(II) on SMHZC took place in three different stages: fast external surface adsorption, gradual adsorption controlled by both film and intra-particle diffusions, and final equilibrium stage. The equilibrium adsorption data of HA on SMHZC better fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model than the Freundlich isotherm model. The equilibrium adsorption data of copper(II) on SMHZC could be described by the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. The presence of copper(II) in solution enhanced HA adsorption onto SMHZC. The presence of HA in solution enhanced copper(II) adsorption onto SMHZC. The mechanisms for the adsorption of HA on SMHZC at pH 7 may include electrostatic attraction, organic partitioning, hydrogen bonding, and Lewis acid-base interaction. The mechanisms for the adsorption of copper(II) on SMHZC at pH 6 may include surface complexation, ion exchange, and dissolution-precipitation. The obtained results indicate that SMHZC can be used as an effective adsorbent to simultaneously remove HA and

  3. Acetate/di-2-pyridyl ketone oximate "blend" as a source of high-nuclearity nickel(II) clusters: dependence of the nuclearity on the nature of the inorganic anion present.

    PubMed

    Stamatatos, Theocharis C; Diamantopoulou, Eleanna; Raptopoulou, Catherine P; Psycharis, Vassilis; Escuer, Albert; Perlepes, Spyros P

    2007-04-02

    The use of di-2-pyridyl ketone oxime [(py)2CNOH] in reactions with Ni(O2CMe)2.4H2O, in the presence or absence of extra inorganic anions (N3- and SCN-) has led to Ni4, Ni5, and Ni7 clusters; the magnetic study of the heptanuclear nickel(II) complex reveals an S = 3 ground state.

  4. Catalytic wet oxidation of thiocyanate with homogeneous copper(II) sulphate catalyst.

    PubMed

    Collado, Sergio; Laca, Adriana; Díaz, Mario

    2010-05-15

    The wet oxidation of thiocyanate has been investigated in a semi-batch reactor at temperatures between 423 and 473 K and pressures between 6.1 x 10(3) and 1.0 x 10(4)kPa in the presence of copper(II) sulphate as catalyst. The effects of copper concentration, initial thiocyanate concentration, pressure and temperature on the reaction rate were analyzed and the main products of reaction were identified. A kinetic model for the Cu-catalyzed reaction is here proposed, including temperature, oxygen concentration, and the reduction of Cu(2+) to Cu(+) that gives an accurate prediction of the oxidation process under the assayed conditions. A mechanistic model based on the formation of a transition complex between a copper cation and two thiocyanate anions has been proposed for the catalytic wet oxidation.

  5. Reconstitution of Formylglycine-generating Enzyme with Copper(II) for Aldehyde Tag Conversion

    PubMed Central

    Holder, Patrick G.; Jones, Lesley C.; Drake, Penelope M.; Barfield, Robyn M.; Bañas, Stefanie; de Hart, Gregory W.; Baker, Jeanne; Rabuka, David

    2015-01-01

    To further our aim of synthesizing aldehyde-tagged proteins for research and biotechnology applications, we developed methods for recombinant production of aerobic formylglycine-generating enzyme (FGE) in good yield. We then optimized the FGE biocatalytic reaction conditions for conversion of cysteine to formylglycine in aldehyde tags on intact monoclonal antibodies. During the development of these conditions, we discovered that pretreating FGE with copper(II) is required for high turnover rates and yields. After further investigation, we confirmed that both aerobic prokaryotic (Streptomyces coelicolor) and eukaryotic (Homo sapiens) FGEs contain a copper cofactor. The complete kinetic parameters for both forms of FGE are described, along with a proposed mechanism for FGE catalysis that accounts for the copper-dependent activity. PMID:25931126

  6. Correlation of Electronic and Geometric Structure in Mononuclear Copper(II) Superoxide Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Ginsbach, Jake W.; Peterson, Ryan L.; Cowley, Ryan E.; Karlin, Kenneth D.; Solomon, Edward I.

    2013-01-01

    The geometry of mononuclear copper(II) superoxide complexes has been shown to determine their ground state where side-on bonding leads to a singlet ground state and end-on complexes have triplet ground states. In apparent contrast to this trend, the recently synthesized (HIPT3tren)CuII–O2•− (1) was proposed to have an end-on geometry and a singlet ground state. However, re-examination of 1 with resonance Raman (rR), magnetic circular dichroism (MCD), and 2H NMR spectroscopy indicates that 1 is in fact an end-on superoxide species with a triplet ground state that results from the single CuII–O2•− bonding interaction being weaker than the spin pairing energy. PMID:24164429

  7. Electrical conductivity of solutions of copper(II) nitrate crystalohydrate in dimethyl sulfoxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamyrbekova, Aigul K.; Mamitova, A. D.; Mamyrbekova, Aizhan K.

    2016-06-01

    Conductometry is used to investigate the electric conductivity of Cu(NO3)2 ṡ 3H2O solutions in dimethyl sulfoxide in the 0.01-2.82 M range of concentrations and at temperatures of 288-318 K. The limiting molar conductivity of the electrolyte and the mobility of Cu2+ and NO 3 - ions, the effective coefficients of diffusion of copper(II) ions and nitrate ions, and the degree and constant of electrolytic dissociation are calculated for different temperatures from the experimental results. It is established that solutions containing 0.1-0.6 M copper nitrate trihydrate in DMSO having low viscosity and high electrical conductivity can be used in electrochemical deposition.

  8. Spin control in ladderlike hexanuclear copper(II) complexes with metallacyclophane cores.

    PubMed

    Pardo, Emilio; Bernot, Kevin; Julve, Miguel; Lloret, Francesc; Cano, Joan; Ruiz-García, Rafael; Delgado, Fernando S; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina; Ottenwaelder, Xavier; Journaux, Yves

    2004-05-03

    Two new hexanuclear oxamatocopper(II) complexes 3 and 4 have been synthesized from the binuclear copper(II) complexes of the meta- and para-phenylenebis(oxamate) ligands, respectively. Complexes 3 and 4 possess an overall ladderlike structure made up of two oxamate-bridged linear trinuclear units ("rails") connected through two phenylenediamidate bridges ("rungs") between the central copper atoms to give metallacyclic cores of the meta- and para-cyclophane type, respectively. They show different ground spin states, S = 1 (3) or S = 0 (4), depending on the substitution pattern in the aromatic spacers. The triplet state molecule 3 containing two spin doublet Cu(II)3 units connected by two m-phenylenediamidate bridges represents a successful extension of the concept of "ferromagnetic coupling units" to metal complexes, which is a well-known approach toward high spin organic radicals.

  9. Magnetic properties of copper(II) complexes containing peptides. Crystal structure of [Cu(phe-leu)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchiz, J.; Kremer, C.; Torre, M. H.; Facchin, G.; Kremer, E.; Castellano, E. E.; Ellena, J.

    2006-09-01

    A novel copper(II) complex containing the peptide phe-leu has been prepared and characterized. The crystal structure of [Cu(phe-leu)] ( 1) was determined by X-ray diffraction. The presence of carboxylate and amido bridges allows the formation of an extended 2D arrangement. This structure is similar to those found in [Cu(gly-val)] · 1/2H 2O ( 2), [Cu(val-gly)] ( 3), [Cu(val-phe)] ( 4), and [Cu(phe-phe)] ( 5). The magnetic properties of compounds 1- 5 were studied and analyzed comparatively. The experimental data show that the magnetic interactions are mainly transmitted through μ 2-COO - bridges, being ferromagnetic for 1 and 3, and antiferromagnetic for 2, 4 and 5.

  10. Coordination chemistry, thermodynamics and DFT calculations of copper(II) NNOS Schiff base complexes.

    PubMed

    Esmaielzadeh, Sheida; Azimian, Leila; Shekoohi, Khadijeh; Mohammadi, Khosro

    2014-12-10

    Synthesis, magnetic and spectroscopy techniques are described for five copper(II) containing tetradentate Schiff bases are synthesized from methyl-2-(N-2'-aminoethane), (1-methyl-2'-aminoethane), (3-aminopropylamino)cyclopentenedithiocarboxylate. Molar conductance and infrared spectral evidences indicate that the complexes are four-coordinate in which the Schiff bases are coordinated as NNOS ligands. Room temperature μeff values for the complexes are 1.71-1.80B.M. corresponding to one unpaired electron respectively. The formation constants and free energies were measured spectrophotometrically, at constant ionic strength 0.1M (NaClO4), at 25˚C in DMF solvent. Also, the DFT calculations were carried out to determine the structural and the geometrical properties of the complexes. The DFT results are further supported by the experimental formation constants of these complexes.

  11. Antimalarial, antimicrobial, cytotoxic, DNA interaction and SOD like activities of tetrahedral copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehta, Jugal V.; Gajera, Sanjay B.; Patel, Mohan N.

    2015-02-01

    The mononuclear copper(II) complexes with P, O-donor ligand and different fluoroquinolones have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, electronic spectra, TGA, EPR, FT-IR and LC-MS spectroscopy. An antimicrobial efficiency of the complexes has been tested against five different microorganisms in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and displays very good antimicrobial activity. The binding strength and binding mode of the complexes with Herring Sperm DNA (HS DNA) have been investigated by absorption titration and viscosity measurement studies. The studies suggest the classical intercalative mode of DNA binding. Gel electrophoresis assay determines the ability of the complexes to cleave the supercoiled form of pUC19 DNA. Synthesized complexes have been tested for their SOD mimic activity using nonenzymatic NBT/NADH/PMS system and found to have good antioxidant activity. All the complexes show good cytotoxic and in vitro antimalarial activities.

  12. Synthesis of four binuclear copper(II) complexes: Structure, anticancer properties and anticancer mechanism.

    PubMed

    Qi, Jinxu; Liang, Shichu; Gou, Yi; Zhang, Zhenlei; Zhou, Zuping; Yang, Feng; Liang, Hong

    2015-01-01

    Copper (Cu) compounds are a promising candidate for next generation metal anticancer drugs and have been extensively studied. Therefore, four binuclear copper(II) compounds derived from Schiff base thiosemicarbazones (L1-L4), namely [CuCl(L1)]2 (C1), [CuNO3(L2)]2 (C2), [Cu(NCS) (L3)]2 (C3) and [Cu(CH3COO) (L4)]2 (C4) were synthesized and characterized. Four of these compounds showed very high cytotoxicity to cancer cell lines in vitro. These Cu(II) compounds strongly promoted the apoptosis of BEL-7404 cells. The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), change in mitochondrial membrane potential and western blot analysis revealed that Cu compounds could induce cancer cell apoptosis through the intrinsic ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway accompanied by the regulation of Bcl-2 family proteins.

  13. Syntheses, characterization, and SOD activity studies of barbital-based nickel(II) complexes with different chelating amines: The X-ray crystal structures of Barb-H and [Ni(Barb)2(en)2] (Barb = 5,5-diethylbarbiturate)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, Mohamed M.; Mersal, Gaber A. M.; Al-Juaid, Salih; El-Shazly, Samir A.

    2014-01-01

    Four new mixed ligand nickel(II) complexes, viz., [Ni(Barb)2(H2O)4] 1, [Ni(Barb)2(en)2] 2, [Ni(Barb)2(pn)2] 3, and [Ni(Barb)2(BPA)(H2O)] 4 (Barb = 5,5-diethylbarbiturate, en = ethylenediamine, pn = propylenediamine, and BPA = bis(2-picolyl)amine) have been synthesized and characterized by means of elemental analysis, spectroscopic (FT-IR, Raman, and UV-Vis), and thermal analysis measurements. The spectral techniques suggest that all the nickel(II) complexes (1-4) exhibit octahedral geometry. The very low electrical conductance of the complexes supports their neutral nature. The monomeric nature of the complexes was assessed from their electronic spectra. X-ray diffraction studies were performed for the drug Barb-H and its nickel(II) complex 2. Complex 2 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P21/c with Z = 2. The barbital drug is N-coordinated and the en molecules act as bichelating ligands, leading to an NiN6 octahedral coordination. Molecules of complex 2 are connected via NH⋯O hydrogen bonds, involving hydrogen atoms of both Barb and en ligands. The redox behavior of all complexes was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. Superoxide dismutase activity of these complexes has also been measured.

  14. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of a copper(II) levofloxacin ternary complex.

    PubMed

    Sousa, Isabel; Claro, Vasco; Pereira, João Lino; Amaral, Ana Luísa; Cunha-Silva, Luís; de Castro, Baltazar; Feio, Maria J; Pereira, Eulália; Gameiro, Paula

    2012-05-01

    Solution behavior of levofloxacin (lvx) complexes with copper(II) in the presence and absence of phen was studied in aqueous solution, by potentiometry. The results obtained show that under physiological conditions (micromolar concentration range and pH 7.4) only copper(II):lvx:phen ternary complexes are stable. Hence, a novel copper(II) ternary complex of fluoroquinolone levofloxacin with nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand phen was synthesized and characterized by means of UV-Visible and IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-Ray crystallography. In the synthesized complex (1), [Cu(lvx)(phen)(H(2)O)](NO(3)).2H(2)O, levofloxacin acts as a bidentate ligand coordinating to the metal, in its anionic form, through the carbonyl and carboxyl oxygens and phen coordinates through two N-atoms forming the equatorial plane of a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. The fifth ligand of the penta-coordinated Cu(II) centre is occupied axially by an oxygen atom from a water molecule. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determinations of the complex and comparison with free levofloxacin in various E. coli strains indicated that the Cu-complex is as efficient an antimicrobial as the free antibiotic (both in the case of the dissolved synthesized complex and the complex formed following stoichiometric mixture of the individual components in solution). Moreover, results strongly suggest that the cell intake route of both species is different supporting, therefore, the complex's suitability as a candidate for further biological testing in fluoroquinolone-resistant microorganisms.

  15. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of a copper(II) lomefloxacin ternary complex.

    PubMed

    Fernandes, Patrícia; Sousa, Isabel; Cunha-Silva, Luís; Ferreira, Mariana; de Castro, Baltazar; Pereira, Eulália F; Feio, Maria J; Gameiro, Paula

    2014-02-01

    Solution behavior of lomefloxacin (lmx) complexes with copper(II) in the presence and absence of 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) was studied in aqueous solution, by potentiometry. The results obtained showed that under physiological conditions (micromolar concentration range and pH7.4) only copper(II):lmx:phen ternary complexes are stable. Hence, a novel copper(II) ternary complex of lomefloxacin with the nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand phen was synthesized and characterized by means of UV-visible and IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-ray crystallography. In the synthesized complex (1), [Cu(lmx)(phen)(NO3)]·5H2O, lmx acts as a bidentate ligand coordinating the metal cation, in its anionic form, through the carbonyl and carboxyl oxygens and phen coordinates through two N-atoms forming the equatorial plane of a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. The fifth ligand of the penta-coordinated Cu(II) center is occupied axially by an oxygen atom from the nitrate ion. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determinations of the complex and comparison with free lomefloxacin in various E. coli strains indicated that the Cu-complex is an antimicrobial which is as efficient as the free antibiotic but strongly suggest that the cell intake route of both species is different. Moreover, spectrophotometric stability studies suggest that the solution of the complex synthesized is considerably more photostable than the free fluoroquinolone supporting, therefore, the complex's suitability as a candidate for further biological testing in fluoroquinolone-resistant microorganisms with possible reduced side-effects.

  16. Effects of copper(II) and copper oxides on THMs formation in copper pipe.

    PubMed

    Li, Bo; Qu, Jiuhui; Liu, Huijuan; Hu, Chengzhi

    2007-08-01

    Little is known about how the growth of trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water is affected in copper pipe. The formation of THMs and chlorine consumption in copper pipe under stagnant flow conditions were investigated. Experiments for the same water held in glass bottles were performed for comparison. Results showed that although THMs levels firstly increased in the presence of chlorine in copper pipe, faster decay of chlorine as compared to the glass bottle affected the rate of THMs formation. The analysis of water phase was supplemented by surface analysis of corrosion scales using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX). The results showed the scales on the pipe surface mainly consisted of Cu(2)O, CuO and Cu(OH)(2) or CuCO(3). Designed experiments confirmed that the fast depletion of chlorine in copper pipe was mainly due to effect of Cu(2)O, CuO in corrosion scales on copper pipe. Although copper(II) and copper oxides showed effect on THMs formation, the rapid consumption of chlorine due to copper oxide made THM levels lower than that in glass bottles after 4h. The transformations of CF, DCBM and CDBM to BF were accelerated in the presence of copper(II), cupric oxide and cuprous oxide. The effect of pH on THMs formation was influenced by effect of pH on corrosion of copper pipe. When pH was below 7, THMs levels in copper pipe was higher as compared to glass bottle, but lower when pH was above 7.

  17. Oxidation of substituted phenols using copper(II) metallatriangles formed through ligand sharing.

    PubMed

    Mahiya, Kuldeep; Kumar, Ravinder; Lloret, Francisco; Mathur, Pavan

    2014-12-10

    Reaction of N(2),N(2')-bis-[(1-butyl-benzimidazol-2yl)methyl]biphenyl-2,2'-dicarboxamide (L) with CuX2⋅nH2O in methanol leads to the assembly of four trinuclear Cu(II) complexes with the general formula [Cu3(L)3X3]⋅3X⋅nH2O⋅mMeCN, where X=Cl(-), Br(-), NO3(-) and C6H5COO(-) and n=0-5, m=0-8 (compounds 1-4, respectively). The structure of one of the complex contains three Cu(II) metal ions at the corners of an equilateral triangle. Each of the copper(II) are coordinated through two benzimidazolyl imine N-atoms and two amide carbonyl O-atoms and the apical position is occupied by an anionic nitrate ion, leading to a distorted square pyramidal environment. The magnetic susceptibility data were analyzed through Hamiltonian H=-J (S1S2+S2S3+S1S3) obtaining -J=0.16, 0.12, 0.15 and 0.14cm(-1) for 1-4, respectively. X-Band EPR spectra typically show a broad single line at 120K with g∼2.11. Oxidation of phenols was studied homogeneously using copper(II) metallatriangles (1-3) as catalyst in acetonitrile. The oxidation of 2,4,6-tri-tert-butyl phenol yields the corresponding quinone after oxidative dealkylation. The oxidation of 2-amino-5-methyl phenol yields the corresponding phenoxazinone while the oxidation of 2-amino-4-tert-butyl phenol yields the phenoxazine instead of phenoxazinone. The products so obtained were analyzed by NMR and X-ray single crystallography.

  18. Synthesis, characterization, antibacterial activity, SOD mimic and interaction with DNA of drug based copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Mohan N.; Dosi, Promise A.; Bhatt, Bhupesh S.; Thakkar, Vasudev R.

    2011-02-01

    Novel metal complexes of the second-generation quinolone antibacterial agent enrofloxacin with copper(II) and neutral bidentate ligands have been prepared and characterized with elemental analysis reflectance, IR and mass spectroscopy. Complexes have been screened for their in-vitro antibacterial activity against two Gram (+ve)Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and three Gram (-ve)Serratia marcescens, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa organisms using the double dilution technique. The binding of this complex with CT-DNA has been investigated by absorption titration, salt effect and viscosity measurements. Binding constant is ranging from 1.3 × 10 4-3.7 × 10 4. The cleavage ability of complexes has been assessed by gel electrophoresis using pUC19 DNA. The catalytic activity of the copper(II) complexes towards the superoxide anion (O 2rad -) dismutation was assayed by their ability to inhibit the reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT).

  19. A one-dimensional carboxylate-bridged helical copper(II) complex containing (quinolin-8-yloxy)acetate.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu-Hong; Lu, Fang

    2004-11-01

    The title compound, catena-poly[[bromocopper(II)]-mu-(quinolin-8-yloxy)acetato-kappa(4)N,O,O':O''], [CuBr(C(11)H(8)NO(3))](n), is a novel carboxylate-bridged one-dimensional helical copper(II) polymer. The metal ion exhibits an approximately square-pyramidal CuBrNO(3) coordination environment, with the three donor atoms of the ligand and the bromide ion occupying the basal positions, and an O atom belonging to the carboxylate group of an adjacent molecule in the apical site. Carboxylate groups are mutually cis oriented, and each anti-anti carboxylate group bridges two copper(II) ions via one apical and one basal position [Cu...Cu = 5.677 (1) A], resulting in the formation of a helical chain along the crystallographic b axis.

  20. Synthesis, crystallographic characterization and electrochemical property of a copper(II) complex of the anticancer agent elesclomol.

    PubMed

    Vo, Nha Huu; Xia, Zhiqiang; Hanko, Jason; Yun, Tong; Bloom, Steve; Shen, Jianhua; Koya, Keizo; Sun, Lijun; Chen, Shoujun

    2014-01-01

    Elesclomol is a novel anticancer agent that has been evaluated in a number of late stage clinical trials. A new and convenient synthesis of elesclomol and its copper complex is described. X-ray crystallographic characterization and the electrochemical properties of the elesclomol copper(II) complex are discussed. The copper(II) cation is coordinated in a highly distorted square-planar geometry to each of the sulphur and amide nitrogen atoms of elesclomol. Electrochemical measurements demonstrate that the complex undergoes a reversible one-electron reduction at biologically accessible potentials. In contrast the free elesclomol is found electrochemically inactive. This evidence is in strong support of the mechanism of action we proposed for the anticancer activity of elesclomol.

  1. Effect of copper(II) on natural organic matter removal during drinking water coagulation using aluminum-based coagulants.

    PubMed

    Liu, Guojing; Zhang, Xiangru; Talley, Jeffrey W

    2007-06-01

    Coagulation has been proposed as a best available technology for controlling natural organic matter (NOM) during drinking water treatment. The presence of heavy metals such as copper(II) in source water, which may form copper-NOM complexes and/or interact with a coagulant, may pose a potential challenge on the coagulation of NOM. In this work, the effect of copper(II) on NOM removal by coagulation using alum or PAX-18 (a commercial polymerized aluminum chloride from Kemiron Inc., Bartow, Florida) was examined. The results show that the presence of 1 to 10 mg/L of copper(H) in the simulated waters improved the total organic carbon (TOC) removal by up to 25% for alum coagulation and by up to 22% for PAX-18 coagulation. The increased NOM removal with the presence of copper(II) in the waters can most likely be ascribed to the formation copper-NOM complexes that may be more adsorbable on aluminum precipitates and to the formation of copper(II) co-precipitates that may also adsorb NOM. The presence of 1 to 5 mg/L of copper(I) in the waters containing 3 mg/L NOM as carbon was reduced below the maximum contaminant level goal (1.3 mg/L as copper) using either coagulant. The results suggest that the presence of copper(H) in source water may not adversely affect the NOM removal by coagulation. A good linear correlation was observed between the TOC removal efficiency and the log-total moles of the precipitated metals, which include the metal ion from a coagulant and the divalent metal ion(s) in source water.

  2. Tunable DNA cleavage activity promoted by copper(ii) ternary complexes with N-donor heterocyclic ligands.

    PubMed

    Bortolotto, T; Silva-Caldeira, P P; Pich, C T; Pereira-Maia, E C; Terenzi, H

    2016-06-04

    Several small molecules have the capacity to cleave DNA promptly at high yields, even under mild conditions. Usually, this activity has no constraints, occurring without external or user control. Here, we demonstrate that UV-light exposure can greatly enhance the DNA cleavage activity promoted by four ternary copper(ii) complexes. A remarkable photocontrolled activity was achieved, which may be interesting for chemical and biochemical applications.

  3. Determination of copper(II) in the dairy product by an electrochemical sensor based on click chemistry.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Suyan; Xie, Lidan; Gao, Sen; Liu, Qida; Lin, Zhenyu; Qiu, Bin; Chen, Guonan

    2011-11-30

    Herein, a novel sensitive electrochemical sensor for copper(II) based on Cu(I) catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition reaction (CuAAC) is described. The catalyst of Cu(I) species is derived from electrochemical reduction of Cu(II) through bulk electrolysis (BE) with coulometry technique. The propargyl-functionalized ferrocene (propargyl-functionalized Fc) is covalently coupled onto the electrode surface via CuAAC reaction and forms propargyl-functionalized Fc modified gold electrode, which allows a good and stable electrochemical signal. The change of current at peak (dI), detected by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), exhibits a linear response to the logarithm of Cu(II) concentration in the range of 1.0×10(-14)-1.0×10(-9) mol L(-1). It is also found that the proposed sensor has a good selectivity for copper(II) assay even in the presence of other common metal ions. Additionally, the proposed method has been applied to determine copper(II) in the dairy product (yoghurt) with satisfactory results.

  4. Spectroscopic and molecular docking studies on the interaction of human serum albumin with copper(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guhathakurta, Bhargab; Pradhan, Ankur Bikash; Das, Suman; Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya; Lu, Liping; Zhu, Miaoli; Naskar, Jnan Prakash

    2017-02-01

    Two osazone based ligands, butane-2,3-dione bis(2‧-pyridylhydrazone) (BDBPH) and hexane-3,4-dione bis(2‧-pyridylhydrazone) (HDBPH), were synthesized out of the 2:1 M Schiff base condensation of 2-hydrazino pyridine respectively with 2,3-butanedione and 3,4-hexanedione. The X-ray crystal structures of both the ligands have been determined. The copper(II) complex of HDBPH has also been synthesized and structurally characterized. HDBPH and its copper(II) complex have thoroughly been characterized through various spectroscopic and analytical techniques. The X-ray crystal structure of the copper complex of HDBPH shows that it is a monomeric Cu(II) complex having 'N4O2' co-ordination chromophore. Interaction of human serum albumin (HSA) with these ligands and their monomeric copper(II) complexes have been studied by various spectroscopic means. The experimental findings show that the ligands as well as their copper complexes are good HSA binders. Molecular docking investigations have also been done to unravel the mode of binding of the species with HSA.

  5. Pyrrolidine and Piperidine Formation Via Copper(II) Carboxylate Promoted Intramolecular Carboamination of Unactivated Olefins: Diastereoselectivity and Mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Sherman, Eric S.; Fuller, Peter H.; Kasi, Dhanalakshmi; Chemler, Sherry R.

    2008-01-01

    An expanded substrate scope and in depth analysis of the reaction mechanism of the copper(II) carboxylate promoted intramolecular carboamination of unactivated alkenes is described. This method provides access to N-functionalized pyrrolidines and piperidines. Both aromatic and aliphatic γ- and δ-alkenyl N-arylsulfonamides undergo the oxidative cyclization reaction efficiently. N-Benzoyl-2-allylaniline also underwent the oxidative cyclization. The terminal olefin substrates examined were more reactive than those with internal olefins, and the latter terminated in elimination rather than carbon-carbon bond formation. The efficiency of the reaction was enhanced by the use of more organic soluble copper(II) carboxylate salts, copper(II) neodecanoate in particular. The reaction times were reduced by the use of microwave heating. High levels of diastereoselectivity were observed in the synthesis of 2,5-disubstituted pyrrolidines, wherein the cis substitution pattern predominates. The mechanism of the reaction is discussed in the context of the observed reactivity and in comparison to analogous reactions promoted by other reagents and conditions. Our evidence supports a mechanism wherein the N-C bond is formed via intramolecular syn aminocupration and the C-C bond is formed via intramolecular addition of a primary carbon radical to an aromatic ring. PMID:17428100

  6. D-penicillamine capped cadmium telluride quantum dots as a novel fluorometric sensor of copper(II).

    PubMed

    Mohammad-Rezaei, Rahim; Razmi, Habib; Abdolmohammad-Zadeh, Hossein

    2013-01-01

    D-penicillamine-capped cadmium telluride quantum dots (DPA-capped CdTe QDs) were synthesized as the new fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystal in aqueous solution. Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy were used for characterization of the QDs. Based on the quenching effect of Cu(2+) ions on the fluorescence intensity of DPA-capped CdTe QDs, a new fluorometric sensor for copper(II) detection was developed that showed good linearity over the concentration range 5 × 10(-9)-3 × 10(-6) M with the detection limit 0.4 × 10(-9) M. Owing to the strong affinity of the DPA to copper(II), the sensor showed appropriate selectivity for copper(II) compared with conventional QDs. The DPA-capped CdTe QDs was successfully applied for determination of Cu(2+) concentration in river, well and tap waters with satisfactory results.

  7. Mechanism of Formation of Copper(II) Chloro Complexes Revealed by Transient Absorption Spectroscopy and DFT/TDDFT Calculations.

    PubMed

    Mereshchenko, Andrey S; Olshin, Pavel K; Karabaeva, Kanykey E; Panov, Maxim S; Wilson, R Marshall; Kochemirovsky, Vladimir A; Skripkin, Mikhail Yu; Tveryanovich, Yury S; Tarnovsky, Alexander N

    2015-07-16

    Copper(II) complexes are extremely labile with typical ligand exchange rate constants on the order of 10(6)-10(9) M(-1) s(-1). As a result, it is often difficult to identify the actual formation mechanism of these complexes. In this work, using UV-vis transient absorption when probing in a broad time range (20 ps to 8 μs) in conjunction with DFT/TDDFT calculations, we studied the dynamics and underlying reaction mechanisms of the formation of extremely labile copper(II) CuCl4(2-) chloro complexes from copper(II) CuCl3(-) trichloro complexes and chloride ions. These two species, produced via photochemical dissociation of CuCl4(2-) upon 420 nm excitation into the ligand-to-metal-charge-transfer electronic state, are found to recombine into parent complexes with bimolecular rate constants of (9.0 ± 0.1) × 10(7) and (5.3 ± 0.4) × 10(8) M(-1) s(-1) in acetonitrile and dichloromethane, respectively. In dichloromethane, recombination occurs via a simple one-step addition. In acetonitrile, where [CuCl3](-) reacts with the solvent to form a [CuCl3CH3CN](-) complex in less than 20 ps, recombination takes place via ligand exchange described by the associative interchange mechanism that involves a [CuCl4CH3CN](2-) intermediate. In both solvents, the recombination reaction is potential energy controlled.

  8. Spectroscopic and molecular docking studies on the interaction of human serum albumin with copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Guhathakurta, Bhargab; Pradhan, Ankur Bikash; Das, Suman; Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya; Lu, Liping; Zhu, Miaoli; Naskar, Jnan Prakash

    2017-02-15

    Two osazone based ligands, butane-2,3-dione bis(2'-pyridylhydrazone) (BDBPH) and hexane-3,4-dione bis(2'-pyridylhydrazone) (HDBPH), were synthesized out of the 2:1M Schiff base condensation of 2-hydrazino pyridine respectively with 2,3-butanedione and 3,4-hexanedione. The X-ray crystal structures of both the ligands have been determined. The copper(II) complex of HDBPH has also been synthesized and structurally characterized. HDBPH and its copper(II) complex have thoroughly been characterized through various spectroscopic and analytical techniques. The X-ray crystal structure of the copper complex of HDBPH shows that it is a monomeric Cu(II) complex having 'N4O2' co-ordination chromophore. Interaction of human serum albumin (HSA) with these ligands and their monomeric copper(II) complexes have been studied by various spectroscopic means. The experimental findings show that the ligands as well as their copper complexes are good HSA binders. Molecular docking investigations have also been done to unravel the mode of binding of the species with HSA.

  9. Flocculation of copper(II) and tetracycline from water using a novel pH- and temperature-responsive flocculants.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhen; Jia, Shuying; Zhuo, Ning; Yang, Weiben; Wang, Yuping

    2015-12-01

    Insufficient research is available on flocculation of combined pollutants of heavy metals and antibiotics, which widely exist in livestock wastewaters. Aiming at solving difficulties in flocculation of this sort of combined pollution, a novel pH- and temperature-responsive biomass-based flocculant, carboxymethyl chitosan-graft-poly(N-isoproyl acrylamide-co-diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride) (denoted as CND) with two responsive switches [lower critical solution temperature (LCST) and isoelectric point (IEP)], was designed and synthesized. Its flocculation performance at different temperatures and pHs was evaluated using copper(II) and tetracycline (TC) as model contaminants. CND exhibited high efficiency for coremoval of both contaminants, whereas two commercial flocculants (polyaluminum chloride and polyacrylamide) did not. Especially, flocculation performance of the dual-responsive flocculant under conditions of temperature>LCST and IEP(contaminants)copper(II) and TC were present in bridging flocculation, including charge attraction, coordination and hydrophobic effect. Based on these pairwise interactions, copper(II) and TC exerted "aid" roles to each other's removal with the existence of CND, and preferable flocculation performance was thus achieved.

  10. A new tetranuclear copper(II) Schiff base complex containing Cu 4O 4 cubane core: Structural and spectral characterizations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shit, Shyamapada; Rosair, Georgina; Mitra, Samiran

    2011-04-01

    A new tetra-nuclear coordination complex [Cu 4(HL) 4] ( 1) containing Cu 4O 4 cubane core has been synthesized by using Schiff base ligand [(OH)C 6H 4CH dbnd N sbnd C(CH 3)(CH 2OH) 2] (H 3L), obtained by the 1:1 condensation of 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol with salicylaldehyde and thoroughly characterized by micro-analytical, FT-IR, UV-Vis, thermal and room temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements. Structural characterization of the complex has been done by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Structural elucidation reveals versatile coordination modes for two identical alkoxo oxygen atoms of the Schiff base ligand; one in its deprotonated form exhibits μ 3-bridging to bind three similar copper(II) centers whilst the protonated one remains as monodentate or non-coordinating. Structural analysis also shows that the Cu 4O 4 cubane core in 1 consists of four μ 3-alkoxo oxygen bridged copper(II) atoms giving an approximately cubic array of alternating oxygen atoms and copper(II) atoms where the metal centers display both distorted square pyramidal and distorted octahedral geometries.

  11. Aromatic N-oxides in construction of different carboxylate coordination polymers of zinc(II), cadmium(II) and mercury(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarma, Rupam; Baruah, Jubaraj B.

    2011-09-01

    The coordination polymers [Zn(C 6H 5COO) 2(PNO)] n ( 1), [Zn 2(C 6H 5COO) 4(4,4'-BPNO)] n ( 2), [Zn 4(C 6H 4C 2O 4) 4(4,4'-BPNO) 2(H 2O) 5] n· nH 2O ( 3), [Cd(C 6H 5COO) 2(PNO)] n ( 4), [Cd 3(C 6H 5COO) 6(4,4'-BPNO) 2] n·2 nH 2O ( 5), [Cd(C 6H 4C 2O 4)(4,4'-BPNO)(H 2O)] n ( 6) and [Hg(C 6H 5COO) 2(4,4'-BPNO) 2] n ( 7), (where PNO = pyridine N-oxide, 4,4'-BPNO = 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide) are synthesized and structurally characterized. The structures of these coordination polymers exhibit mononuclear to trinuclear nodes built by ligation of carboxylate to metal ions connected by N-oxide ligands. Pyridine N-oxide interconnects metal nodes by acting as μ 2-bridging ligand in complexes 1, and 4. In the linear coordination polymer 2, the paddle wheel structure of zinc(II) benzoate units are interconnected by 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide which acts as a bidentate spacer ligand adopting a trans μ 2-η 1 : η 1 coordination mode. The polymeric structure of 3 formed by terephthalate and 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide with zinc(II) contains self-assembled dinuclear Zn 2O 2 type of carboxylate cores, with 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide coordinating through cis μ 2-η 1 : η 1 coordination mode. The cadmium coordination polymer 5, comprising of 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide and benzoate, has trinuclear cadmium benzoate cores wherein the terminal cadmium ions are interconnected by monodentate 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide bridges. The coordination polymer 6 comprises of mononuclear cadmium nodes independently bridged by terephthalate and 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide thereby leading to a 3-fold interpenetrated three dimensional network. Double helical polymeric structure is observed in the coordination polymer 7 derived from mononuclear mercury(II) benzoate nodes bridged by 4,4'-bipyridyl- N,N'-dioxide with cis μ 2-η 1 : η 1 coordination mode.

  12. a Study of the Structural, Magnetic, Optical, and Electronic Properties of Several New Copper(ii) Halide and Copper(ii, i) Halide Compounds in the Solid State.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, Brian Lindley

    Robin and Day classification scheme. A series of compounds of the stoichiometry (paraquat)Cu _2X_4 (X = Cl, Br, I) are investigated using x-ray crystallographic, EPR, magnetic susceptibility, differential scanning calorimetry, and electrical conductivity techniques. X-ray results show all three compounds to be pure copper(I) in character. Magnetic susceptibility results show small copper(II) contributions in the chloride and bromide analogs. In the chloride salt the copper(II) ions appear to be incorporated into the (Cu_2Cl_4) _infty chain, with accompanying vacancies to provide for charge balance. In the bromide salt a Cu_2Br_6^ {2-} dimer appears to be incorporated into the chain structure. The chloride and iodide salts show insulating behavior, but the bromide salt shows enhanced conductivity.

  13. Polymeric networks of copper(II) phenylmalonate with heteroaromatic n-donor ligands: synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Pasán, Jorge; Sanchiz, Joaquín; Ruiz-Pérez, Catalina; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel

    2005-10-31

    Two new phenylmalonate-bridged copper(II) complexes with the formulas [Cu(4,4'-bpy)(Phmal)](n).2nH(2)O (1) and [Cu(2,4'-bpy)(Phmal)(H(2)O)](n)() (2) (Phmal = phenylmalonate dianion, 4,4'-bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine, 2,4'-bpy = 2,4'-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2(1), Z = 4, with unit cell parameters of a = 9.0837(6) Angstroms, b = 9.3514(4) Angstroms, c = 11.0831(8) Angstroms, and beta = 107.807(6) degrees , whereas complex 2 crystallizes in orthorhombic space group C2cb, Z = 8, with unit cell parameters of a = 10.1579(7) Angstroms, b = 10.3640(8) Angstroms, and c = 33.313(4) Angstroms. The structures of 1 and 2 consist of layers of copper(II) ions with bridging bis-monodentate phenylmalonate (1 and 2) and 4,4'-bpy (1) ligands and terminal monodentate 2,4'-bpy (2) groups. Each layer in 1 contains rectangles with dimensions of 11.08 x 4.99 Angstroms(2), the edges being defined by the Phmal and 4,4'-bpy ligands. The intralayer copper-copper separations in 1 through the anti-syn equatorial-apical carboxylate-bridge and the 4,4'-bpy molecule are 4.9922(4) and 11.083(1) Angstroms, respectively. The anti-syn equatorial-equatorial carboxylate bridge links the copper(II) atoms in complex 2 within each layer with a mean copper-copper separation of 5.3709(8) Angstroms. The presence of 2,4'-bpy as a terminal ligand accounts for the large interlayer separation of 15.22 Angstroms. The copper(II) environment presents a static pseudo-Jahn-Teller disorder which has been studied by EPR and low-temperature X-ray diffraction. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of both compounds in the temperature range 2-290 K show the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic [J = -0.59(1) cm(-1) (1)] and ferromagnetic [J = +0.77(1) cm(-1) (2)] interactions between the copper(II) ions. The conformation of the phenylmalonate-carboxylate bridge and other structural factors, such as the planarity of the exchange

  14. Fundamental insights into conformational stability and orbital interactions of antioxidant (+)-catechin species and complexation of (+)-catechin with zinc(II) and oxovanadium(IV)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yasarawan, Nuttawisit; Thipyapong, Khajadpai; Sirichai, Somsak; Ruangpornvisuti, Vithaya

    2013-09-01

    Conformational stability of (+)-catechin species in water has been examined with density functional theory, associated with the polarizable continuum model (PCM) of solvation. Factors such as electron delocalization, lone-pair electron donation and intramolecular hydrogen bonding substantially contribute to the conformational stabilization. Upon deprotonation, the HOMO and LUMO energies for (+)-catechin are both elevated; the energy gaps for the deprotonated species are narrower than the energy gap for the neutral species. The preferential deprotonation occurs at the C3'-, C5-, C7- and C4'-OH groups successively. The pKa value at 9.3 predicted for the most acidic OH group agrees well with previous experimental data; however the values are overestimated for the less acidic OH groups due to limitations of the PCM for charged solutes and/or complex nature of true deprotonation pathways. Formation of hydrogen radicals should be promoted at high pH values following the bond dissociation enthalpies. Complexation of (+)-catechin with either zinc(II) or oxovanadium(IV) is favored at the 1:1 metal-to-ligand (M:L) mole ratio, with the oxovanadium(IV) complex showing higher reaction preference. At M:L = 1:2, formation of two isomeric complexes are plausible for each type of metal ion. Effects of stoichiometry and isomerism on the computational spectral features of the possibly formed metal complexes have been described.

  15. Novel Zinc(II) Complexes [Zn(atc-Et)2] and [Zn(atc-Ph)2]: In Vitro and in Vivo Antiproliferative Studies

    PubMed Central

    Lopes, Erica de O.; de Oliveira, Carolina G.; da Silva, Patricia B.; Eismann, Carlos E.; Suárez, Carlos A.; Menegário, Amauri A.; Leite, Clarice Q. F.; Deflon, Victor M.; Pavan, Fernando R.

    2016-01-01

    Cisplatin and its derivatives are the main metallodrugs used in cancer therapy. However, low selectivity, toxicity and drug resistance are associated with their use. The zinc(II) (ZnII) thiosemicarbazone complexes [Zn(atc-Et)2] (1) and [Zn(atc-Ph)2] (2) (atc-R: monovalent anion of 2-acetylpyridine N4-R-thiosemicarbazone) were synthesized and fully characterized in the solid state and in solution via elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, conductometry and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The cytotoxicity of these complexes was evaluated in the HepG2, HeLa, MDA-MB-231, K-562, DU 145 and MRC-5 cancer cell lines. The strongest antiproliferative results were observed in MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cells, in which these complexes displayed significant selective toxicity (3.1 and 3.6, respectively) compared with their effects on normal MRC-5 cells. In vivo studies were performed using an alternative model (Artemia salina L.) to assure the safety of these complexes, and the results were confirmed using a conventional model (BALB/c mice). Finally, tests of oral bioavailability showed maximum plasma concentrations of 3029.50 µg/L and 1191.95 µg/L for complexes 1 and 2, respectively. According to all obtained results, both compounds could be considered as prospective antiproliferative agents that warrant further research. PMID:27213368

  16. Photodynamic Action Mechanism Mediated by Zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-Tetrakis[4-(N-methylpyridyloxy)]phthalocyanine in Candida albicans Cells.

    PubMed

    Di Palma, María Albana; Alvarez, María Gabriela; Durantini, Edgardo N

    2015-01-01

    The photoreaction type I/type II pathways mediated by zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-tetrakis[4-(N-methylpyridyloxy)]phthalocyanine (ZnPPc(4+) ) was studied in Candida albicans cells. This photosensitizer was strongly bound to C. albicans cells at short times. After 30 min irradiation, 5 μM ZnPPc(4+) produced ~5 log decrease in cell viability. Different probes were used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell suspensions (~10(6) CFU mL(-1) ). Singlet molecular oxygen, O2 ((1) Δg ), was observed by the reaction with 9,10-dimethylanthracene (DMA) and tetrasodium 2,2-(anthracene-9,10-diyl)bis(methylmalonate) (ABMM), whereas the nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) method was used to sense superoxide anion radical (O2·-). Moreover, the effects produced by an anoxic atmosphere and cell suspensions in D2 O, as well as the addition of sodium azide and mannitol as ROS trapping were evaluated in the PDI of C. albicans. These investigation indicates that O2 ((1) Δg ) is generated in the cells, although a minor extension other radical species can also be involved in the PDI of C. albicans mediated by ZnPPc(4+) .

  17. Probing the Protonation State and the Redox-Active Sites of Pendant Base Iron(II) and Zinc(II) Pyridinediimine Complexes.

    PubMed

    Delgado, Mayra; Sommer, Samantha K; Swanson, Seth P; Berger, Robert F; Seda, Takele; Zakharov, Lev N; Gilbertson, John D

    2015-08-03

    Utilizing the pyridinediimine ligand [(2,6-(i)PrC6H3)N═CMe)(N((i)Pr)2C2H4)N═CMe)C5H3N] (didpa), the zinc(II) and iron(II) complexes Zn(didpa)Cl2 (1), Fe(didpa)Cl2 (2), [Zn(Hdidpa)Cl2][PF6] (3), [Fe(Hdidpa)Cl2][PF6] (4), Zn(didpa)Br2 (5), and [Zn(Hdidpa)Br2][PF6] (6), Fe(didpa)(CO)2 (7), and [Fe(Hdidpa)(CO)2][PF6] (8) were synthesized and characterized. These complexes allowed for the study of the secondary coordination sphere pendant base and the redox-activity of the didpa ligand scaffold. The protonated didpa ligand is capable of forming metal halogen hydrogen bonds (MHHBs) in complexes 3, 4, and 6. The solution behavior of the MHHBs was probed via pKa measurements and (1)H NMR titrations of 3 and 6 with solvents of varying H-bond accepting strength. The H-bond strength in 3 and 6 was calculated in silico to be 5.9 and 4.9 kcal/mol, respectively. The relationship between the protonation state and the ligand-based redox activity was probed utilizing 7 and 8, where the reduction potential of the didpa scaffold was found to shift by 105 mV upon protonation of the reduced ligand in Fe(didpa)(CO)2.

  18. Mono- and tetra-substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanines containing morpholinyl moieties: Synthesis, antifungal photodynamic activities, and structure-activity relationships.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Bi-Yuan; Ke, Mei-Rong; Lan, Wen-Liang; Hou, Lu; Guo, Jun; Wan, Dong-Hua; Cheong, Ling-Zhi; Huang, Jian-Dong

    2016-05-23

    A series of zinc(II) phthalocyanines (ZnPcs) mono-substituted and tetra-substituted with morpholinyl moieties and their quaternized derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for their antifungal photodynamic activities toward Candida albicans. The α-substituted, quaternized, and mono-substituted ZnPcs are found to have higher antifungal photoactivity than β-substituted, neutral, and tetra-substituted counterparts. The cationic α-mono-substituted ZnPc (6a) exhibits the highest photocytotoxicity. Moreover, it is more potent than axially di-substituted analogue. The different photocytotoxicities of these compounds have also been rationalized by investigating their spectroscopic and photochemical properties, aggregation trend, partition coefficients, and cellular uptake. The IC90 value of 6a against C. albicans cells is as low as 3.3 μM with a light dose of 27 J cm(-2), meaning that 6a is a promising candidate as the antifungal photosensitizer for future investigations.

  19. Spectral characterization of novel ternary zinc(II) complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline and Schiff bases derived from amino acids and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boghaei, Davar M.; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

    2007-07-01

    A series of new ternary zinc(II) complexes [Zn(L 1-10)(phen)], where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and H 2L 1-10 = tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of amino acids (glycine, L-phenylalanine, L-valine, L-alanine, and L-leucine) and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates (sodium salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate and sodium 3-methoxy-salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate), have been synthesized. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The IR spectra of the complexes showed large differences between νas(COO) and νs(COO), Δ ν ( νas(COO) - νs(COO)) of 191-225 cm -1, indicating a monodentate coordination of the carboxylate group. Spectral data showed that in these ternary complexes the zinc atom is coordinated with the Schiff base ligand acts as a tridentate ONO moiety, coordinating to the metal through its phenolic oxygen, imine nitrogen, and carboxyl oxygen, and also with the neutral planar chelating ligand, 1,10-phenanthroline, coordinating through nitrogens.

  20. Unusual self-assembled 1D tape of tetramers and water-nitrate clusters trapped in a zinc(II) complex: Synthesis, characterization, luminescence and catalytic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, De-Yun; Guo, Hai-Fu; Dong, Ji; Xu, Jun

    2013-12-01

    Unusual tetramers and water-nitrate clusters have been observed in a mononuclear zinc(II) complex of [Zn(4-cpa)(phen)2(H2O)]·(H2O)·(NO3)] (1), (4-Hcpa = 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), which was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction, UV-vis absorption spectra and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure analysis of 1, reveals that the nitrate anions, water molecules and carboxylate oxygen atoms (O3) pack to form a one-dimensional infinite tape parallel to the c-axis. The uncoordinated carboxylate oxygen atoms (O3) of 4-cpa ligands, water molecules and nitrate anions interact via hydrogen bonds and extend 1 into a water-anion-cation tape, which are finally connected into a 3D supramolecular structure via π⋯π stacking interactions. Excitation (λex = 310 nm) and luminescence data observed at room temperature show that 1 emits bright blue fluorescence. Moreover, 1 has a remarkable activity for degradation of methyl orange in a photo-assisted Fenton-like process.

  1. Synthesis, spectral characterization and biological activity of zinc(II) complexes with 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole Schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Singh, A K; Pandey, O P; Sengupta, S K

    2012-01-01

    New Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by the reactions of zinc(II) acetate with Schiff bases derived from 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non-electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [ZnL(H(2)O)(2)], [ZnL'(OAc)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (L=dianionic Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione; L'=neutral Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde) and they were characterized by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and FAB mass. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and antifungal activities against Colletotrichum falcatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporium and Carvularia pallescence by petriplates methods.

  2. Synthesis, spectral characterization and biological activity of zinc(II) complexes with 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole Schiff bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, A. K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    New Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by the reactions of zinc(II) acetate with Schiff bases derived from 3-substituted phenyl-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non-electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [ZnL(H 2O) 2], [ZnL'(OAc) 2(H 2O) 2] (L = dianionic Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone or indoline-2,3-dione; L' = neutral Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1, 2, 4-triazole and benzaldehyde) and they were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and FAB mass. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and antifungal activities against Colletotrichum falcatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporium and Carvularia pallescence by petriplates methods.

  3. Spectroscopic and DFT studies of zinc(II) complexes of diamines and thiocyanate; crystal structure of (cis-1,2-diaminocyclohexane)bis(thiocyanato-κN)zinc(II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akhtar, Muhammad; Alotaibi, Mshari A.; Alharthi, Abdulrahman I.; Zierkiewicz, Wiktor; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz; Mazhar, Muhammad; Isab, Anvarhusein A.; Monim-ul-Mehboob, Muhammad; Ahmad, Saeed

    2017-01-01

    Zinc(II) complexes of diamines, cis-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (Dach) and N,N,N,N-tetramethylethylenediamine (Tmen), [Zn(Dach)(NCS)2] (1) and [Zn(Tmen)(NCS)2] (2) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H &13C NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of [Zn(Dach)(NCS)2] (1) was determined by X-ray crystallography. In 1, the Zn(II) atom is bound to one 1,2-diaminocyclohexane molecule and to two terminal thiocyanate ions via the nitrogen atoms adopting a slightly distorted tetrahedral geometry. In the crystal structure, molecules are linked through intermolecular Nsbnd H⋯S hydrogen bonds, forming chains running along the a axis. The structures of 1 and 2 as well as of [Zn(En)(NCS)2] (3) (En = 1,2-diaminoethane) were predicted using theoretical (DFT) method. The interaction energies (ΔE) for NCS anions obtained by B3LYP-D3 method are about -140 kcal mol-1, while the calculated ΔE values for neutral organic ligands are about twice smaller. The atomic charges and second-order interaction energies between orbitals were calculated with natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis.

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic, cyclic voltammetry properties and molecular structure of the thiocyanato-N meso-tetratolylporphyrinato zinc(II) ion complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denden, Zouhour; Harhouri, Wafa; Ben Haj Hassen, Leila; Rousselin, Yoann; Saint-Aman, Eric; Nasri, Habib

    2017-04-01

    This paper describes the synthesis of the (thiocyanato-N)(meso-tetratolylporphyrinato)zinc(II) chlorobenzene monosolvate complex with the formula [K(2,2,2-crypt)][Zn(TTP)(NCS)]·C6H5Cl (I) using the cryptand-222 to solubilize potassium thiocyanate in chlorobenzene solvent. Complex (I) has been characterized by elementary analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR and MS, and the structure of this new zinc(II) metalloporphyrin been examined crystallographically. A cyclic voltammetry investigation was also carried out on this species. The title compound crystallizes in the triclinic, space group P-1, with a = 11.5151(7) Å, b = 15.212(10) Å, c = 20.1093(12) Å, α = 80.428(4)°, β = 74.926(4)°, γ = 84.704(4)°, V = 3364.7(4) Å3, Z = 2 and Dcal = 1.303 g cm-3. The porphyrin macrocycle of (I) exhibits moderate ruffling and saddle distortions. In the crystal, the [Zn(TTP)(NCS)]- ion complexes, the [K(2,2,2-crypt)]+ counterions and the chlorobenzene solvent molecules are involved in a number of weak C__H⋯S and C-H⋯π intermolecular interactions forming a three-dimensional framework.

  5. Synthesis and Ligand Non-Innocence of Thiolate-Ligated (N4S) Iron(II) and Nickel(II) Bis(imino)pyridine Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Widger, Leland R.; Jiang, Yunbo; Siegler, Maxime; Kumar, Devesh; Latifi, Reza; de Visser, Sam P.; Jameson, Guy N.L.; Goldberg, David P.

    2013-01-01

    The known iron(II) complex [FeII(LN3S)(OTf)] (1) was used as starting material to prepare the new biomimetic (N4S(thiolate)) iron(II) complexes [FeII(LN3S)(py)](OTf) (2) and [FeII(LN3S)(DMAP)](OTf) (3), where LN3S is a tetradentate bis(imino)pyridine (BIP) derivative with a covalently tethered phenylthiolate donor. These complexes were characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and Mössbauer spectroscopy, as well as electrochemistry. A nickel(II) analogue, [NiII(LN3S)](BF4) (5), was also synthesized and characterized by structural and spectroscopic methods. Cyclic voltammetric studies showed 1 – 3 and 5 undergo a single reduction process with E1/2 between −0.9 to −1.2 V versus Fc+/Fc. Treatment of 3 with 0.5% Na/Hg amalgam gave the mono-reduced complex [Fe(LN3S)(DMAP)]0 (4), which was characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis, EPR (g = [2.155, 2.057, 2.038]) and Mössbauer (δ = 0.33 mm s−1; ΔEQ = 2.04 mm s−1) spectroscopies. Computational methods (DFT) were employed to model complexes 3 – 5. The combined experimental and computational studies show that 1 – 3 are 5-coordinate, high-spin (S = 2) FeII complexes, whereas 4 is best described as a 5-coordinate, intermediate-spin (S = 1) FeII complex antiferromagnetically coupled to a ligand radical. This unique electronic configuration leads to an overall doublet spin (Stotal = ½) ground state. Complexes 2 and 3 are shown to react with O2 to give S-oxygenated products, as previously reported for 1. In contrast, the mono-reduced 4 appears to react with O2 to give a mixture of S- and Fe-oxygenates. The nickel(II) complex 5 does not react with O2, and even when the mono-reduced nickel complex is produced, it appears to undergo only outer-sphere oxidation with O2. PMID:23992096

  6. Nanostructured lipid carriers for incorporation of copper(II) complexes to be used against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    Sato, Mariana R; Oshiro Junior, João A; Machado, Rachel TA; de Souza, Paula C; Campos, Débora L; Pavan, Fernando R; da Silva, Patricia B; Chorilli, Marlus

    2017-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Cessation of treatment before the recommended conclusion may lead to the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains. The aim of this study was to develop nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) for use in the treatment of M. tuberculosis. The NLCs comprised the following lipid phase: 2.07% polyoxyethylene 40 stearate, 2.05% caprylic/capric triglyceride, and 0.88% polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil; the following aqueous phase: 3.50% poloxamer 407 (F1–F6), and 0.50% cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (F7–F12); and incorporated the copper(II) complexes [CuCl2(INH)2]·H2O (1), [Cu(NCS)2(INH)2]·5H2O (2), and [Cu(NCO)2(INH)2]·4H2O (3) to form compounds F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3, respectively. The mean diameter of F11, F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3 ranged from 111.27±21.86 to 134.25±22.72 nm, 90.27±12.97 to 116.46±9.17 nm, 112.4±10.22 to 149.3±15.82 nm, and 78.65±6.00 to 122.00±8.70 nm, respectively. The polydispersity index values for the NLCs ranged from 0.13±0.01 to 0.30±0.09. The NLCs showed significant changes in zeta potential, except for F11.2, with F11, F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3 ranging from 18.87±4.04 to 23.25±1.13 mV, 17.03±1.77 to 21.42±1.87 mV, 20.51±1.88 to 22.60±3.44 mV, and 17.80±1.96 to 25.25±7.78 mV, respectively. Atomic force microscopy confirmed the formation of nanoscale spherical particle dispersions by the NLCs. Differential scanning calorimetry determined the melting points of the constituents of the NLCs. The in vitro activity of copper(II) complex-loaded NLCs against M. tuberculosis H37Rv showed an improvement in the anti-TB activity of 55.4, 27.1, and 41.1 times the activity for complexes 1, 2, and 3, respectively. An in vivo acute toxicity study of complex-loaded NLCs demonstrated their reduced toxicity. The results suggest that NLCs may be a powerful tool to optimize the activity of copper(II) complexes against M. tuberculosis. PMID:28356717

  7. An effective approach to artificial nucleases using copper(II) complexes bearing nucleobases.

    PubMed

    Wang, Jin-Tao; Xia, Qing; Zheng, Xiao-Hui; Chen, Huo-Yan; Chao, Hui; Mao, Zong-Wan; Ji, Liang-Nian

    2010-02-28

    Novel copper(ii) complexes bearing 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) derivatives with adenine, thymine and uracil nucleobases [Cu(L(1))Cl(2)].2H(2)O (1), [Cu(L(2))Cl(2)] (2) and [Cu(L(3))Cl(2)].H(2)O (3) (L(1) = 5,5'-Di[N9-adenylmethyl]-2,2'-bipyridine, L(2) = 5,5'-Di[N1-thyminylmethyl]-2,2'-bipyridine and L(3) = 5,5'-Di[N1-uracilmethyl]-2,2'-bipyridine) were synthesized and characterized. Structure simulation was performed for these complexes. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra revealed the interactions between these ligands and pBR322 DNA and showed that the local DNA structure was perturbed by these ligands. Cleavage of pBR322 DNA by these complexes was carried out in 20 mM HEPES (pH 7.5) at 37 degrees C. The calculated pseudo-Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters (k(cat)) were 14.7 +/- 0.6 and 40.4 +/- 1.3 h(-1) for and . The cleavage efficiency of was 80-fold higher than that of its simple analogue [Cu(bpy)Cl(2)] (k(cat) = 0.50 h(-1)) and very close to the catalytic rate constant of natural EcoRI endonuclease (k(cat) = 43.2 h(-1)) at similar conditions. Thus, complex might be one of the most effective artificial nucleases that could catalyze double-stranded DNA hydrolytic cleavage so far. Hydrolytic mechanisms involved in DNA cleavage were explored using radical scavengers and T4 ligase. Competitive experiments with special binding agents showed that complexes could preferentially bind to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA, suggesting specific DNA binding characteristics. Molecular docking calculations also indicated that complexes could bind to the minor groove of targeted DNA much more strongly than their simple analogues and preferentially bind at the AT region of the dodecamer. Such high DNA cleavage ability and selectivity of these copper(ii) complexes could be attributed to the synergic effects of the metal center and the pendant nucleobases.

  8. Binuclear copper(II) oxidation products from copper(I) complexes with tridentate ligands. Magnetostructural characterization.

    PubMed

    Rojas, Darío; García, Ana M; Vega, Andrés; Moreno, Yanko; Venegas-Yazigi, Diego; Garland, María T; Manzur, Jorge

    2004-10-04

    The bis-pyridine tridentate ligands (6-R-2-pyridylmethyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl) benzylamine (RDPMA, where R = CH(3), CF(3)), (6-R-2-pyridylmethyl)-(2-pyridylethyl) benzylamine (RPMPEA, where R = CH(3), CF(3)), and the bidentate ligand di-benzyl-(6-methyl-2-pyridylmethyl)amine (BiBzMePMA) have been synthesized and their copper(I) complexes oxidized in a methanol solution to afford self-assembled bis-micro-methoxo-binuclear copper(II) complexes (1, 2, 4, 6) or hydroxo- binuclear copper(II) complexes (3). Oxidation of the nonsubstituted DPMA (R = H) in dichloromethane gives a chloride-bridged complex (5). The crystal structures for [Cu(MeDPMA)(MeO)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (1), [Cu(RPMPEA)(MeO)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (for 2, R= Me, and for 4, R = CF(3)), [Cu(BiBzMePMA)(MeO)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (6), [Cu(FDPMA)(OH)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (3), and [Cu(DPMA)(Cl)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (5) have been determined, and their variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility has been measured in the temperature range of 10-300 K. The copper coordination geometries are best described as square pyramidal, except for 6, which is square planar, because of the lack of one pyridine ring in the bidentate ligand. In 1-4 and 6, the basal plane is formed by two pyridine N atoms and two O atoms from the bridging methoxo or hydroxo groups, whereas in 5, the bridging Cl atoms occupy axial-equatorial sites. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show that the Cu atoms are strongly coupled antiferromagnetically in the bis-methoxo complexes 1, 2, 4, and 6, with -2J > 600 cm(-)(1), whereas for the hydroxo complex 3, -2J = 195 cm(-)(1) and the chloride-bridged complex 5 shows a weak ferromagnetic coupling, with 2J = 21 cm(-)(1) (2J is an indicator of the magnetic interaction between the Cu centers).

  9. The effect of copper(II), iron(II) sulphate, and vitamin C combinations on the weak antimicrobial activity of (+)-catechin against Staphylococcus aureus and other microbes.

    PubMed

    Holloway, Andrew C; Mueller-Harvey, Irene; Gould, Simon W J; Fielder, Mark D; Naughton, Declan P; Kelly, Alison F

    2012-12-01

    Few attempts have been made to improve the activity of plant compounds with low antimicrobial efficacy. (+)-Catechin, a weak antimicrobial tea flavanol, was combined with putative adjuncts and tested against different species of bacteria. Copper(II) sulphate enhanced (+)-catechin activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa but not Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus mirabilis or Escherichia coli. Attempts to raise the activity of (+)-catechin against two unresponsive species, S. aureus and E. coli, with iron(II) sulphate, iron(III) chloride, and vitamin C, showed that iron(II) enhanced (+)-catechin against S. aureus, but not E. coli; neither iron(III) nor combined iron(II) and copper(II), enhanced (+)-catechin activity against either species. Vitamin C enhanced copper(II) containing combinations against both species in the absence of iron(II). Catalase or EDTA added to active samples removed viability effects suggesting that active mixtures had produced H(2)O(2)via the action of added metal(II) ions. H(2)O(2) generation by (+)-catechin plus copper(II) mixtures and copper(II) alone could account for the principal effect of bacterial growth inhibition following 30 minute exposures as well as the antimicrobial effect of (+)-catechin-iron(II) against S. aureus. These novel findings about a weak antimicrobial flavanol contrast with previous knowledge of more active flavanols with transition metal combinations. Weak antimicrobial compounds like (+)-catechin within enhancement mixtures may therefore be used as efficacious agents. (+)-Catechin may provide a means of lowering copper(II) or iron(II) contents in certain crop protection and other products.

  10. Thermodynamics of the formation of complexes of copper(II) ions and glycylglycine in aqueous solutions at 298 K according to calorimetry data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kochergina, L. A.; Emel'yanov, A. V.

    2015-04-01

    Heat effects of the interaction between glycylglycine and copper(II) nitrate solutions are measured by direct calorimetry at a [metal] : [ligand] ratio of 1 : 5 and at different pH values of the solution. The measurements are made at a temperature of 298.15 K and ionic strengths of 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75. KNO3 is used as a background electrolyte. The thermodynamic characteristics of complex formation by the peptide and copper(II) ions in aqueous solutions are determined. Standard enthalpies of the formation of complex particles in aqueous solutions are calculated.

  11. Antimicrobial Activity and Urease Inhibition of Schiff Bases Derived from Isoniazid and Fluorinated Benzaldehydes and of Their Copper(II) Complexes.

    PubMed

    Habala, Ladislav; Varényi, Samuel; Bilková, Andrea; Herich, Peter; Valentová, Jindra; Kožíšek, Jozef; Devínsky, Ferdinand

    2016-12-17

    In order to evaluate the influence of substitution on biological properties of Schiff bases and their metal complexes, a series of differently substituted fluorine-containing Schiff bases starting from the drug isoniazid (isonicotinylhydrazide) were prepared and their structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Also, four copper(II) complexes of these Schiff bases were synthesized. The prepared compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity and urease inhibition. Two of the Schiff bases exerted activity against C. albicans. All copper(II) complexes showed excellent inhibitory properties against jack bean urease, considerably better than that of the standard inhibitor acetohydroxamic acid.

  12. Determination of formal redox potentials in aqueous solution of copper(II) complexes with ligands having nitrogen and oxygen donor atoms and comparison with their EPR and UV-Vis spectral features.

    PubMed

    Tabbì, Giovanni; Giuffrida, Alessandro; Bonomo, Raffaele P

    2013-11-01

    Formal redox potentials in aqueous solution were determined for copper(II) complexes with ligands having oxygen and nitrogen as donor atoms. All the chosen copper(II) complexes have well-known stereochemistries (pseudo-octahedral, square planar, square-based pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal or tetrahedral) as witnessed by their reported spectroscopic, EPR and UV-visible (UV-Vis) features, so that a rough correlation between the measured redox potential and the typical geometrical arrangement of the copper(II) complex could be established. Negative values have been obtained for copper(II) complexes in tetragonally elongated pseudo-octahedral geometries, when measured against Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Copper(II) complexes in tetrahedral environments (or flattened tetrahedral geometries) show positive redox potential values. There is a region, always in the field of negative redox potentials which groups the copper(II) complexes exhibiting square-based pyramidal arrangements. Therefore, it is suggested that a measurement of the formal redox potential could be of great help, when some ambiguities might appear in the interpretation of spectroscopic (EPR and UV-Vis) data. Unfortunately, when the comparison is made between copper(II) complexes in square-based pyramidal geometries and those in square planar environments (or a pseudo-octahedral) a little perturbed by an equatorial tetrahedral distortion, their redox potentials could fall in the same intermediate region. In this case spectroscopic data have to be handled with great care in order to have an answer about a copper complex geometrical characteristics.

  13. Multispectroscopic DNA-binding studies of a tris-chelate nickel(II) complex containing 4,7-diphenyl 1,10-phenanthroline ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Fatahi, Azadeh

    2010-04-01

    A tris-chelate nickel(II) complex, [Ni(DIP) 3](NO 3) 2 · 3H 2O in which DIP = 4,7-diphenyl 1,10 phenanthroline, was synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic ( 1H NMR and UV-vis) and elemental analysis techniques. Binding interaction of this complex with calf thymus-DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated using emission, absorption, circular dichroism (CD), viscosity and DNA thermal denaturation studies. In absorption spectrum of the complex, as the concentration of DNA increased, appearance of an isobestic point proved the new [Ni(DIP) 3] 2+-DNA complex formation. The intrinsic binding constant ( Kb = 4.34 × 10 4 M -1) is comparable to groove binding complexes. In fluorimetric studies, the dynamic enhancement constants ( kD) and bimolecular enhancement constant ( kB) were calculated and showed that the fluorescence enhancement was initiated by a static process in the ground state. Furthermore, the thermodynamic studies showed that the reaction is exothermic and enthalpy favored (Δ H = -58.41 kJ/mol). A strong CD spectrum in the UV and visible region develops upon addition of CT-DNA into the racemate solution of Ni(II) complex (Pfeiffer effect). This has revealed that a shift in diastereomeric inversion equilibrium takes place in the solution to yield an excess of one of the DNA complex diastereomers. Finally, all of the experimental results prove that the minor groove binding must be predominant.

  14. Synthesis, characterization, single crystal X-ray determination, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of new dinuclear nickel(II) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes containing double Schiff base ligands.

    PubMed

    Shafaatian, Bita; Ozbakzaei, Zahra; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, S Ahmad

    2015-04-05

    A series of new bimetallic complexes of nickel(II) and vanadium(IV) have been synthesized by the reaction of the new double bidentate Schiff base ligands with nickel acetate and vanadyl acetylacetonate in 1:1 M ratio. In nickel and also vanadyl complexes the ligands were coordinated to the metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The complexes have been found to possess 1:1 metals to ligands stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The nickel and vanadyl complexes exhibited distorted square planar and square pyramidal coordination geometries, respectively. The emission spectra of the ligands and their complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligands and their metal complexes were also investigated in DMSO solvent at 150 mV s(-1) scan rate. The ligands and metal complexes showed both quasi-reversible and irreversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff bases and their complexes have been characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopies, elemental analysis and conductometry. The crystal structure of the nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  15. Nickel(II) diacetyl monoxime-2-pyridyl hydrazone complex can inhibit Ehrlich solid tumor growth in mice: A potential new antitumor drug.

    PubMed

    Saad, Entsar A; Hassanien, Mohamed M; El-Lban, Faten W

    2017-03-11

    The chief chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin had common bad effects such as nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity and bone marrow depression. This led us to develop a new potential anticancer drug based on nickel metal ion that may be less toxic. Nickel(II) diacetyl monoxime-2-pyridyl hydrazone complex cytoprotective effect, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity and anticancer activities were studied. In vitro, the complex showed SOD-like activity of 86.62%. It was capable to kill 90.2% of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells and to protect 92.48% of human RBCs. In vivo, the complex lowered the tumor burden markedly in a concentration-dependent manner. Noticeably, solid tumor growth was suppressed; tumor volume and weight were reduced and mice life span was lengthened. The hematological indices were improved, catalase activity was re-elevated and malondialdehyde (MDA) level was reversed towards normal. Nucleic acids, cholesterol, triglycerides, liver enzymes, urea and creatinine contents were reduced to near normal ranges. Glutathione (GSH), SOD, albumin and total protein levels were increased. In conclusion, our results revealed that the complex has the ability to suppress Ehrlich solid tumor growth in mice with minimal side effects. This may possibly via its redox activity. Surprisingly, nickel complex antitumor activities were more potent than those of cisplatin.

  16. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-15

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s(-1) scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  17. Synthesis, characterization, single crystal X-ray determination, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of new dinuclear nickel(II) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes containing double Schiff base ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Ozbakzaei, Zahra; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, S. Ahmad

    2015-04-01

    A series of new bimetallic complexes of nickel(II) and vanadium(IV) have been synthesized by the reaction of the new double bidentate Schiff base ligands with nickel acetate and vanadyl acetylacetonate in 1:1 M ratio. In nickel and also vanadyl complexes the ligands were coordinated to the metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The complexes have been found to possess 1:1 metals to ligands stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The nickel and vanadyl complexes exhibited distorted square planar and square pyramidal coordination geometries, respectively. The emission spectra of the ligands and their complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligands and their metal complexes were also investigated in DMSO solvent at 150 mV s-1 scan rate. The ligands and metal complexes showed both quasi-reversible and irreversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff bases and their complexes have been characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopies, elemental analysis and conductometry. The crystal structure of the nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  18. Synthesis, crystal structure, fluorescence and electrochemical studies of a new tridentate Schiff base ligand and its nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shafaatian, Bita; Soleymanpour, Ahmad; Kholghi Oskouei, Nasim; Notash, Behrouz; Rezvani, Seyyed Ahmad

    2014-07-01

    A new unsymmetrical tridentate Schiff base ligand was derived from the 1:1 M condensation of ortho-vanillin with 2-mercaptoethylamine. Nickel and palladium complexes were obtained by the reaction of the tridentate Schiff base ligand with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate and palladium(II) acetate in 2:1 M ratio. In nickel and palladium complexes the ligand was coordinated to metals via the imine N and enolic O atoms. The S groups of Schiff bases were not coordinated to the metals and S-S coupling was occured. The complexes have been found to possess 1:2 Metal:Ligand stoichiometry and the molar conductance data revealed that the metal complexes were non-electrolytes. The complexes exhibited octahedral coordination geometry. The emission spectra of the ligand and its complexes were studied in methanol. Electrochemical properties of the ligand and its metal complexes were investigated in the CH3CN solvent at the 100 mV s-1 scan rate. The ligand and metal complexes showed both reversible and quasi-reversible processes at this scan rate. The Schiff base and its complexes have been characterized by IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis, elemental analyses and conductometry. The crystal structure of nickel complex has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

  19. Mechanism of Action of the Novel Nickel(II) Complex in Simultaneous Reactivation of the Apoptotic Signaling Networks Against Human Colon Cancer Cells

    PubMed Central

    Samie, Nima; Haerian, Batoul Sadat; Muniandy, Sekaran; Marlina, Anita; Kanthimathi, M. S.; Abdullah, Norbani B.; Ahmadian, Gholamreza; Aziddin, Raja E. R.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic potential of a novel nickel(II) complex (NTC) against WiDr and HT-29 human colon cancer cells by determining the IC50 using the standard MTT assay. The NTC displayed a strong suppressive effect on colon cancer cells with an IC50 value of 6.07 ± 0.22 μM and 6.26 ± 0.13 μM against WiDr and HT-29 respectively, after 24 h of treatment. Substantial reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential and increase in the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria directed the induction of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway by the NTC. Activation of this pathway was further evidenced by significant activation of caspase 3/7 and 9. The NTC was also shown to activate the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis via activation of caspase-8 which is linked to the suppression of NF-κB translocation to the nucleus. Cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase was confirmed by flow cytometry and up-regulation of glutathione reductase expression was quantified by qPCR. Results of the current work indicates that NTC possess a potent cancer cell abolishing activity by simultaneous induction of intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis in colon cancer cell lines. PMID:26858642

  20. DNA binding, antioxidant, cytotoxicity (MTT, lactate dehydrogenase, NO), and cellular uptake studies of structurally different nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes: synthesis, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and X-ray crystallography.

    PubMed

    Prabhakaran, R; Kalaivani, P; Huang, R; Poornima, P; Vijaya Padma, V; Dallemer, F; Natarajan, K

    2013-02-01

    Three new nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes have been synthesized and characterized by analytical, spectral, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In complex 1, the ligand 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehydethiosemicarbazone coordinated as a monobasic tridentate donor, whereas in complexes 2 and 3, the ligands salicylaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde-4(N)-ethylthiosemicarbazone coordinated as a dibasic tridentate donor. The DNA binding ability of the complexes in calf thymus DNA was explored by absorption and emission titration experiments. The antioxidant property of the new complexes was evaluated to test their free-radical scavenging ability. In vitro cytotoxicity assays were performed for the new complexes in A549 and HepG2 cell lines. The new compounds overcome cisplatin resistance in the A549 cell line and they were also active in the HepG2 cell line. The cellular uptake study showed the accumulation of the complexes in tumor cells depended on the nature of the ligand attached to the nickel ion.

  1. Amine nitrosation via NO reduction of the polyamine copper(II) complex Cu(DAC)2+.

    PubMed

    Khin, Chosu; Lim, Mark D; Tsuge, Kiyoshi; Iretskii, Alexei; Wu, Guang; Ford, Peter C

    2007-10-29

    The reaction of the fluorescent macrocyclic ligand 1,8-bis(anthracen-9-ylmethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane with copper(II) salts leads to formation of the Cu(DAC)2+ cation (I), which is not luminescent. However, when aqueous methanol solutions of I are allowed to react with NO, fluorescence again develops, owing to the formation of the strongly luminescent N-nitrosated ligand DAC-NO (II), which is released from the copper center. This reaction is relatively slow in neutral media, and kinetics studies show it to be first order in the concentrations of NO and base. In these contexts, it is proposed that the amine nitrosation occurs via NO attack at a coordinated amine that has been deprotonated and that this step occurs with concomitant reduction of the Cu(II) to Cu(I). DFT computations at the BP/LACVP* level support these mechanistic arguments. It is further proposed that such nitrosation of electron-rich ligands coordinated to redox-active metal centers is a mechanistic pathway that may find greater generality in the biochemical formation of nitrosothiols and nitrosoamines.

  2. Biosorption of copper(II) and cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions by crab shell particles.

    PubMed

    Vijayaraghavan, K; Palanivelu, K; Velan, M

    2006-08-01

    Biosorption of each of the heavy metals, copper(II) and cobalt(II) by crab shell was investigated in this study. The biosorption capacities of crab shell for copper and cobalt were studied at different particle sizes (0.456-1.117 mm), biosorbent dosages (1-10 g/l), initial metal concentrations (500-2000 mg/l) and solution pH values (3.5-6) in batch mode. At optimum particle size (0.767 mm), biosorbent dosage (5 g/l) and initial solution pH (pH 6); crab shell recorded maximum copper and cobalt uptakes of 243.9 and 322.6 mg/g, respectively, according to Langmuir model. The kinetic data obtained at different initial metal concentrations indicated that biosorption rate was fast and most of the process was completed within 2h, followed by slow attainment of equilibrium. Pseudo-second order model fitted the data well with very high correlation coefficients (>0.998). The presence of light and heavy metal ions influenced the copper and cobalt uptake potential of crab shell. Among several eluting agents, EDTA (pH 3.5, in HCl) performed well and also caused low biosorbent damage. The biosorbent was successfully regenerated and reused for five cycles.

  3. New masking procedure for selective complexometric determination of copper(II).

    PubMed

    Singh, R P

    1972-11-01

    A study has been made of a new masking procedure for highly selective complexometric determination of copper(II), based on decomposition of the copper-EDTA complex at pH 5-6. Among the various combinations of masking agents tried, ternary masking mixtures comprising a main complexing agent (thiourea), a reducing agent (ascorbic acid) and an auxiliary complexing agent (thiosemicarbazide or a small amount of 1,10-phenanthroline or 2,2'-dipyridyl) have been found most suitable. An excess of EDTA is added and the surplus EDTA is back-titrated with lead (or zinc) nitrate with Xylenol Orange as indicator (pH 5-6). A masking mixture is then added to decompose the copper-EDTA complex and the liberated EDTA is again back-titrated with lead (or zinc) nitrate. The following cations do not interfere: Ag(+), Hg(2+), Pb(2+), Ni(2+), Bi(3+), As(3+), Al(3+), Sb(3+), Sn(4+), Cd(2+), Co(2+), Cr(3+) and moderate amounts of Fe(3+) and Mn(2+). The notable feature is that consecutive determination of Hg(2+) and Cu(2+) can be conveniently carried out in the presence of other cations.

  4. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of ternary copper(II) complexes containing polypyridyl ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, R. N.; Singh, Nripendra; Shukla, K. K.; Gundla, V. L. N.; Chauhan, U. K.

    2006-01-01

    Ternary copper(II) complexes involving polypyridyl ligands in the coordination sphere of composition [Cu(tpy)(phen)](ClO4)2 (1), [Cu(tpy)(bipy)](ClO4)2 (2), [Cu(tptz)(phen)](ClO4)2 (3) and [Cu(tptz)(bipy)](BF4)2 (4) where tpy = 2,2‧:6‧,2″-terpyridine, tptz = 2,4,6-tri(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline and bipy = 2,2‧-bipyridine have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, X-band e.p.r. spectroscopy and electronic spectroscopy. Single crystal X-ray of (1) has revealed the presence of a distorted square pyramidal geometry in the complex. Magnetic susceptibility measurements at room temperature were in the range of 1.77-1.81 BM. SOD and antimicrobial activities of these complexes were also measured. Crystal data of (1): P-1, a = 9.3010(7) Å, b = 9.7900(6) Å, c = 16.4620(6) Å, Vc = 1342.73(14) Å3, Z = 4. The bond distance of Cusbnd N in square base is 2 ± 0.04 Å.

  5. Synthesis, characterization, DNA binding, cleavage activity and cytotoxicity of copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Li, Mei-Jin; Lan, Tao-Yu; Cao, Xiu-Hui; Yang, Huang-Hao; Shi, Yupeng; Yi, Changqing; Chen, Guo-Nan

    2014-02-21

    Three new mononuclear copper(II) complexes, [Cu(L2)](2+) (1), [Cu(acac)(L)](+) (2), and [Cu(acac-Cl)(L)](+) (3) (L = 2-(4-pyridine)oxazo[4,5-f]1,10-phenanthroline (4-PDOP); acac = acetylacetone; acac-Cl = 3-chloroacetylacetone), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, high resolution mass spectrometry (Q-TOF), and IR spectroscopy. Two of the complexes were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Their interactions with DNA were studied by UV-vis absorption and emission spectra, viscosity, thermal melting, DNA unwinding assay and CD spectroscopy. The nucleolytic cleavage activity of the compounds was carried out on double stranded pBR322 circular plasmid DNA by using a gel electrophoresis experiment in the presence and absence of an oxidant (H2O2). Active oxygen intermediates such as hydroxyl radicals and hydrogen peroxide generated in the presence of L and complexes 1-3 may act as active species for the DNA scission. The cytotoxicity of the complexes against HepG2 cancer cells was also studied.

  6. Spectroscopic studies on Solvatochromism of mixed-chelate copper(II) complexes using MLR technique.

    PubMed

    Golchoubian, Hamid; Moayyedi, Golasa; Fazilati, Hakimeh

    2012-01-01

    Mixed-chelate copper(II) complexes with a general formula [Cu(acac)(diamine)]X where acac=acetylacetonate ion, diamine=N,N-dimethyl,N'-benzyl-1,2-diaminoethane and X=BPh(4)(-), PF(6)(-), ClO(4)(-) and BF(4)(-) have been prepared. The complexes were characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, molar conductance, UV-vis and IR spectroscopies. The complexes are solvatochromic and their solvatochromism were investigated by visible spectroscopy. All complexes demonstrated the positive solvatochromism and among the complexes [Cu(acac)(diamine)]BPh(4)·H(2)O showed the highest Δν(max) value. To explore the mechanism of interaction between solvent molecules and the complexes, different solvent parameters such as DN, AN, α and β using multiple linear regression (MLR) method were employed. The statistical results suggested that the DN parameter of the solvent plays a dominate contribution to the shift of the d-d absorption band of the complexes.

  7. Synthesis, structural characterization, cytotoxic properties and DNA binding of a dinuclear copper(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, B J M Leite; Brandão, P; Meireles, M; Martel, Fátima; Correia-Branco, Ana; Fernandes, Diana M; Santos, T M; Félix, V

    2016-08-01

    In this study a novel dinuclear copper(II) complex with adenine and phenanthroline has been synthesized and its structure determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In the dinuclear complex [Cu₂(μ-adenine)₂(phen)₂(H2O)2](NO3)4·0.5H2O (phen=1,10-phenanthroline) (1) the two Cu(II) centres exhibit a distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry linked by two nitrogen donors from adenine bridges leading to a Cu-Cu distance of 3.242(3)Å. Intramolecular and intermolecular π⋯π interactions as well as an H-bonding network were observed. The antitumor capacity of the complex has been tested in vitro against human cancer cell lines, cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2), by metabolic tests, using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide as reagent. The complex 1 has remarkable low IC50 values of 0.87±0.06μM (HeLa) and 0.44±0.06μM (Caco-2), when compared with values for cisplatin against the same cell lines. The interaction of complex 1 with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) was further investigated by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic methods. A binding constant of 5.09×10(5)M(-1) was obtained from UV-vis absorption studies.

  8. Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of arsine by halide complexes of copper(II)

    SciTech Connect

    Dorfman, Y.A.; Abdreimova, R.R.; Emel'yanova, V.S.; Kel'man, I.V.; Polimbetova, G.S.

    1985-11-01

    This paper studies the kinetics of the oxidation of arsine by copper (II) halides. It is shown that within the investigated region of concentrations of the components of the system CuX/sub 2/-HX-LiX-H/sub 2/O, /SUB C/ the oxidation of AsH/sub 3/ proceeds to As(O). First order with respect to /SUB Cu/ X/sub 2/ is observed; the order with respect to C /SUB As/ H/sub 3/ is close to first. With regard to activity in the reaction with arsine, copper(II) halides are distributed in the series. CuCl /SUB 3aq/ -

  9. Chiral copper(II) complex based on natural product rosin derivative as promising antitumour agent.

    PubMed

    Fei, Bao-Li; Huang, Zhi-Xiang; Xu, Wu-Shuang; Li, Dong-Dong; Lu, Yang; Gao, Wei-Lin; Zhao, Yue; Zhang, Yu; Liu, Qing-Bo

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the biological preference of chiral drug candidates for molecular target DNA, the synthesis and characterization of a chiral copper(II) complex (2) of a chiral ligand N,N'-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene) dehydroabietylamine (1) was carried out. The interactions of 1 and 2 with salmon sperm DNA were investigated by viscosity measurements, UV, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques. Absorption spectral, emission spectral and viscosity analysis reveal that 1 and 2 interacted with DNA through intercalation and 2 exhibited a higher DNA binding ability. In the absence/presence of ascorbic acid, 1 and 2 cleaved supercoiled pBR322 DNA by single-strand and 2 displayed stronger DNA cleavage ability. In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity of 1 and 2 against HeLa, SiHa, HepG-2 and A431 cancer cell lines study show that they exhibited effective cytotoxicity against the tested cell lines, notably, 2 showed a superior cytotoxicity than the widely used drug cisplatin under identical conditions, indicating it has the potential to act as effective anticancer drug. Flow cytometry analysis indicates 2 produced death of HeLa cancer cells through an apoptotic pathway. Cell cycle analysis demonstrates that 2 mainly arrested HeLa cells at the S phase. The study represents the first step towards understanding the mode of the promising chiral rosin-derivative based copper complexes as chemotherapeutics.

  10. Human telomeric G-quadruplex DNA interactions of N-phenanthroline glycosylamine copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Duskova, Katerina; Sierra, Sara; Arias-Pérez, María-Selma; Gude, Lourdes

    2016-01-01

    We report in this article the interactions of five N-(1,10-phenanthrolin-5-yl)-β-glycopyranosylamine copper(II) complexes with G-quadruplex DNA. Specifically, the interactions of these compounds with a human telomeric oligonucleotide have been assessed by fluorescence-based assays (FRET melting and G4-FID), circular dichroism and competitive equilibrium dialysis experiments. The metal complexes bind and stabilize G-quadruplex DNA structures with apparent association constants in the order of 10(4)-10(5)M(-1) and the affinity observed is dependent on the ionic conditions utilized and the specific nature of the carbohydrate moiety tethered to the 1,10-phenanthroline system. The compounds showed only a slight preference to bind G-quadruplex DNA over duplex DNA when the quadruplex DNA was folded in sodium ionic conditions. However, the binding affinity and selectivity, although modest, were notably increased when the G-quadruplex DNA was folded in the presence of potassium metal ions. Moreover, the study points towards a significant contribution of groove and/or loop binding in the recognition mode of quadruplex structures by these non-classical quadruplex ligands. The results reported herein highlight the potential and the versatility of carbohydrate bis-phenanthroline metal-complex conjugates to recognize G-quadruplex DNA structures.

  11. Spectroscopic study of copper(II) complexes with carboxymethyl dextran and dextran sulfate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glišić, S.; Nikolić, G.; Cakić, M.; Trutić, N.

    2015-07-01

    The copper(II) ion complexes with carboxymethyl dextran (CMD) and dextran sulfate (DS) were studied by different methods. Content of copper was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. It was found that copper : ligand mole ratio (Cu : CMD) is 1 : 2, and Cu : DS is 1 : 1 by mole ratio method. Spectrophotometric parameters of synthesized compounds are characteristic for Cu(II) ion in octahedral ( O h ) coordination. Analyzing of FTIR spectra in ν(C=O) vibration region has showed that -COOH group acts as bidentate ligand, while the compounds of Cu(II) with DS copper ions are in the region of four oxygen atoms of two adjacent sulfo groups. The presence of crystalline water was determined by isotopic substitution of H2O molecules with D2O molecules. Comparison of spectra recorded at room (RT) and liquid nitrogen temperature (LNT) has enabled detection bands of water molecules libration indicating that they are coordinated complementing coordination sphere of Cu(II) ions to six. The complexes are of Cu(II) · (CMD)2 · (H2O)2 or Cu(II) · DS · (H2O)2 type. The similarities of the γ(C-H) range in a part of FTIR spectra indicate that there is no difference in the conformation of the 4 C 1 glucopyranose (Glc) unit CMD and DS synthesized Cu(II) complexes.

  12. Immobilized copper(II) macrocyclic complex on MWCNTs with antibacterial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarlani, Aliakbar; Narimani, Khashayar; Mohammadipanah, Fatemeh; Hamedi, Javad; Tahermansouri, Hasan; Amini, Mostafa M.

    2015-06-01

    In a new approach, a copper(II) tetraaza macrocyclic complex (CuTAM) was covalently bonded on modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). To achieve this purpose, MWCNTs were converted to MWCNT-COCl and then reacted to NH groups of TAM ligand. The prepared material was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and FESEM (field emission scanning electron microscopy). FT-IR and TGA demonstrated the presence of the organic moieties, and XRD proved that the structure of MWCNTs remained intact during the three modification steps. An increase in the ID/IG ratio in Raman spectra confirmed the surface modifications. Finally, the samples were subjected to an antibacterial assessment to compare their biological activity. The antibacterial test showed that the grafted complex on the surface of the nanotube (MWCNT-CO-CuTAM) has higher antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 than the MWCNT-COOH and CuTAM with 1000 and 2000 μg/mL.

  13. Strong effect of copper(II) coordination on antiproliferative activity of thiosemicarbazone-piperazine and thiosemicarbazone-morpholine hybrids.

    PubMed

    Bacher, Felix; Dömötör, Orsolya; Chugunova, Anastasia; Nagy, Nóra V; Filipović, Lana; Radulović, Siniša; Enyedy, Éva A; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-05-21

    In this study, 2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazones and three different heterocyclic pharmacophores were combined to prepare thiosemicarbazone–piperazine mPip-FTSC (HL1) and mPip-dm-FTSC (HL2), thiosemicarbazone–morpholine Morph-FTSC (HL3) and Morph-dm-FTSC (HL4), thiosemicarbazone–methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate hybrids mPyrr-FTSC (HL5) and mPyrr-dm-FTSC (HL6) as well as their copper(II) complexes [CuCl(mPipH-FTSC-H)]Cl (1 + H)Cl, [CuCl(mPipH-dm-FTSC-H)]Cl (2 + H)Cl, [CuCl(Morph-FTSC-H)] (3), [CuCl(Morph-dm-FTSC-H)] (4), [CuCl(mPyrr-FTSC-H)(H2O)] (5) and [CuCl(mPyrr-dm-FTSC-H)(H2O)] (6). The substances were characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy (HL1–HL6), ESI mass spectrometry, IR and UV–vis spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction (1–5). All compounds were prepared in an effort to generate potential antitumor agents with an improved therapeutic index. In addition, the effect of structural alterations with organic hybrids on aqueous solubility and copper(II) coordination ability was investigated. Complexation of ligands HL2 and HL4 with copper(II) was studied in aqueous solution by pH-potentiometry, UV–vis spectrophotometry and EPR spectroscopy. Proton dissociation processes of HL2 and HL4 were also characterized in detail and microscopic constants for the Z/E isomers were determined. While the hybrids HL5, HL6 and their copper(II) complexes 5 and 6 proved to be insoluble in aqueous solution, precluding antiproliferative activity studies, the thiosemicarbazone–piperazine and thiosemicarbazone–morpholine hybrids HL1–HL4, as well as copper(II) complexes 1–4 were soluble in water enabling cytotoxicity assays. Interestingly, the metal-free hybrids showed very low or even a lack of cytotoxicity (IC50 values > 300 μM) in two human cancer cell lines HeLa (cervical carcinoma) and A549 (alveolar basal adenocarcinoma), whereas their copper(II) complexes were cytotoxic showing IC50 values from 25.5 to 65.1

  14. Copper(II) complex formation with a linear peptide encompassing the putative cell binding site of angiogenin.

    PubMed

    La Mendola, Diego; Magrì, Antonio; Vagliasindi, Laura I; Hansson, Örjan; Bonomo, Raffaele P; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2010-11-28

    Angiogenin is one of the more potent angiogenic factors known, whose activity may be affected by the presence of copper ions. Copper(II) complexes with the peptides encompassing the putative endothelial cell binding domain of angiogenin, Ac-KNGNPHREN-NH(2) and Ac-PHREN-NH(2), have been characterized by potentiometric, UV-vis, CD and EPR spectroscopic methods. The coordination features of all the copper complex species derived by both peptides are practically the same, as predictable because of the presence of a proline residue within their aminoacidic sequence. In particular, Ac-PHREN-NH(2) is really the aminoacidic sequence involved in the binding to copper(II). Thermodynamic and spectroscopic evidence are given that side chain oxygen donor atom of glutamyl residue is involved in the copper binding up to physiological pH. EPR parameters suggest that the carboxylate group is still involved also in the predominant species [Cu(L)H(-2)], the metal coordination environment being probably formed by N(Im), 2N(-), H(2)O in equatorial plane and an oxygen atom from COO(-) in apical position, or vice versa, with the carboxylate oxygen atom in the copper coordination plane and the water molecule confined to one of the apical positions. Moreover, the comparison with the thermodynamic and spectroscopic results in the case of the copper(ii) complex species formed by the single point mutated peptide, Ac-PHRQN-NH(2), provides further evidence of the presence of carboxylate oxygen atom in the copper coordination sphere.

  15. Copper(II) complexes with saccharinate and glutamate as antitumor agents. Cyto- and genotoxicity in human osteosarcoma cells.

    PubMed

    Cadavid-Vargas, J F; León, I E; Etcheverry, S B; Santi, E; Torre, M H; Di Virgilio, A L

    2016-05-13

    We report herein the antitumor actions of three copper(II) complexes on MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells. The three complexes: Cu-sac, Cu-gln and Cu-sac-gln (sac= saccharinate, gln= glutamine) caused a decline in cell viability. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration in MG-63 cells for Cu-sac-gln is 170 µM, showing the strongest antiproliferative effect. Moreover, only Cu-sac-gln caused a decrease of the mitochondrial activity from 100 μM. Our results indicate that the copper(II) complexes studied here produce DNA damage and suggest that the rise of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the central mechanism action. Genotoxicity studied by the Cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay and the Single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) could be observed in MG-63 cells treated with Cu-sac-gln from 100 and 50 μM, respectively. Cu-sac and Cu-gln also induced DNA damage; however their effect was definitively weaker. The generation of reactive oxygen species increased from 50 μM of Cu-sac-gln and Cu-sac and only from 250 μM of Cu-gln, as well as a reduction of the GSH/GSSG ratio from 50 μM. When cells were treated with several concentrations of the complexes in addition to a combination of 50 μM of vitamin C plus 50 μM of vitamin E, a total recovery in cell survival was obtained for Cu-gln in the whole range of tested concentrations while only a partial viability recovery was obtained from 250 μM of Cu-sac and Cu-sac-gln. Overall, our results point to a differential cyto- and genotoxicity of the three copper(II) complexes and demonstrate that the complexation with both ligands confers the most potent antitumor action in human osteosarcoma cells.

  16. Unusual conformation of a dinuclear paddle wheel copper(II) complex. Synthesis, structural characterization and EPR studies.

    PubMed

    Paredes-García, Verónica; Santana, Ricardo C; Madrid, Rosa; Vega, Andrés; Spodine, Evgenia; Venegas-Yazigi, Diego

    2013-08-05

    An unusual and unique conformation of a paddle wheel type binuclear copper(II) complex containing acetate and acetamido ligands, {Cu2(μ2-O2CCH3)4}(OCNH2CH3) (1), was obtained by solvothermal synthesis. The structural characterization of this compound shows that the apical (acetamido) ligands are disposed at a 62° dihedral angle, generating a special conformation as a consequence of the synthetic method used. This conformation has not been reported in other paddle wheel copper(II) tetraacetate compounds. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of powder samples of (1) were obtained at 9.5 and 33.8 GHz, while single crystal spectra were obtained at 33.8 GHz with a B0 applied in three orthogonal planes. The fit of the single crystal experimental data allowed gave g∥ = 2.345 ± 0.003, and g⊥ = 2.057 ± 0.005. The angular variation of the EPR line allows evaluation of the fine structure of (1), giving D = -0.337 ± 0.002 cm(-1) and E = -0.005 ± 0.001 cm(-1). The line width angular dependence, used together with the Anderson model and Kubo-Tomita theory, permitted the interdimer interaction to be evaluated as |J'| = (0.051 ± 0.002) cm(-1). Using the powder spectral temperature dependence it was possible to evaluate the intradinuclear exchange coupling constan J0 as -101 ± 2 cm(-1), which is considerably lower than that reported for other analogous copper(II) tetraacetate paddle wheel compounds (Cu(II)-PW), showing the remarkable effect of the conformation of the terminal ligands on the magnetic interaction.

  17. Copper(II) imidazolate frameworks as highly efficient photocatalysts for reduction of CO2 into methanol under visible light irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jingtian; Luo, Deliang; Yang, Chengju; He, Shiman; Chen, Shangchao; Lin, Jiawei; Zhu, Li; Li, Xin

    2013-07-01

    Three copper(II) imidazolate frameworks were synthesized by a hydrothermal (or precipitation) reaction. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), thermogravimetry (TG). Meanwhile, the photocatalytic activities of the samples for reduction of CO2 into methanol and degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation were also investigated. The results show that the as-prepared samples exhibit better photocatalytic activities for the reduction of carbon dioxide into methanol with water and degradation of MB under visible light irradiation. The orthorhombic copper(II) imidazolate frameworks with a band gap of 2.49 eV and green (G) color has the best photocatalytic activity for reduction of CO2 into methanol, 1712.7 μmol/g over 5 h, which is about three times as large as that of monoclinic copper(II) imidazolate frameworks with a band gap 2.70 eV and blue (J) color. The degradation kinetics of MB over three photocatalysts fitted well to the apparent first-order rate equation and the apparent rate constants for the degradation of MB over G, J and P (with pink color) are 0.0038, 0.0013 and 0.0016 min-1, respectively. The synergistic effects of smallest band gap and orthorhombic crystal phase structure are the critical factors for the better photocatalytic activities of G. Moreover, three frameworks can also be stable up to 250 °C. The investigation of Cu-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks maybe provide a design strategy for a new class of photocatalysts applied in degradation of contaminations, reduction of CO2, and even water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen under visible light.

  18. A series of oxyimine-based macrocyclic dinuclear zinc(II) complexes enhances phosphate ester hydrolysis, DNA binding, DNA hydrolysis, and lactate dehydrogenase inhibition and induces apoptosis.

    PubMed

    Anbu, Sellamuthu; Kamalraj, Subban; Varghese, Babu; Muthumary, Johnpaul; Kandaswamy, Muthusamy

    2012-05-21

    A symmetrical macrocyclic dizinc(II) complex (1) has been synthesized by using the ligand (L(1)) [μ-11,24-dimethyl-4,7,16,19-tetraoxa-3,8,15,20-tetraazatricyclo-[20.3.1.1(10,13)] heptacosa-1(25),2,7,9,11,13(27),14,20,22(26),23-decaene-26,27-diol]. A series of unsymmetrical macrocyclic dizinc(II) complexes (2-6) has been synthesized by Schiff base condensation of bicompartmental mononuclear complex [ZnL] [μ-3,16-dimethyl-8,11-dioxa-7,12-diazadicyclo-[1.1(14,18)] heptacosa-1,3,5(20),6,12,14,16,18(19)-octacaene-19,20-diolato)zinc(II)] with various diamines like 1,2-diamino ethane (L(2)), 1,3-diamino propane (L(3)), 1,4-diamino butane (L(4)), 1,2-diamino benzene (L(5)), and 1,8-diamino naphthalene (L(6)). The ligand L(1) and all the zinc(II) complexes were structurally characterized. To corroborate the consequence of the aromatic moiety in comparison to the aliphatic moiety present in the macrocyclic ring on the phosphate ester hydrolysis, DNA binding and cleavage properties have been studied. The observed first order rate constant values for the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate ester reaction are in the range from 2.73 × 10(-2) to 9.86 × 10(-2) s(-1).The interactions of complexes 1-6 with calf thymus DNA were studied by spectroscopic techniques, including absorption, fluorescence, and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The DNA binding constant values of the complexes were found in the range from 1.80 × 10(5) to 9.50 × 10(5) M(-1), and the binding affinities are in the following order: 6 > 5 > 1 > 2 > 3 > 4. All the dizinc(II) complexes 1-6 effectively promoted the hydrolytic cleavage of plasmid pBR322 DNA under anaerobic and aerobic conditions. Kinetic data for DNA hydrolysis promoted by 6 under physiological conditions give the observed rate constant (k(obs)) of 4.42 ± 0.2 h(-1), which shows a 10(8)-fold rate acceleration over the uncatalyzed reaction of ds-DNA. The comparison of the dizinc(II) complexes 1-6 with the monozinc(II) complex [ZnL] indicates

  19. Spectrophotometric determination of copper(II) in pharmaceutical, biological and water samples by 4-(2'-benzothiazolylazo)-salicylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashem, E. Y.; Seleim, M. M.; El-Zohry, A. M.

    2011-09-01

    A highly sensitive method is proposed to determine copper(II) ions by forming a stable complex through their interaction with 4-(2'-benzothiazolylazo)-salicylic acid (BTAS) at room temperature and pH of about 5.0. The complex gave a maximum absorption at λ = 485 nm with a molar absorptivity coefficient of 2.35·104 l/(mol·cm). The linear range for the copper determination is 0.63-5.04 mg/l. The method can be applied to determine copper ions in different biological specimens like some drugs and water samples.

  20. Structural characterization of a metal-based perfusion tracer: copper(II) pyruvaldehyde bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone).

    PubMed

    John, E; Fanwick, P E; McKenzie, A T; Stowell, J G; Green, M A

    1989-01-01

    Copper(II) pyruvaldehyde bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone), Cu(PTSM), has been obtained as a dark red crystalline solid from EtOH-DMSO solvent mixture and structurally characterized by x-ray crystallography. The molecule possesses the expected pseudo-square planar N2S2 metal coordination sphere; however, the copper center also interacts through its axial coordination site with the sulfur atom of an adjacent Cu(PTSM) molecule in the crystal lattice. The structure of this compound is compared with the structures of other metal complexes that have been proposed in the nuclear medicine literature as perfusion tracers.

  1. Experimental and theoretical study on a new copper(II) complex derived from pyridoxal hydrochloride and 1,2-diaminocyclohexane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, Senjuti; Sikdar, Yeasin; Sanyal, Ria; Goswami, Sanchita

    2017-01-01

    In this work, guided by a pyridoxal derived Schiff base ligand, H2PydChda [5-Hydroxymethyl-4-({2-[5-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpyridin-3-hydroxy-4-ylethylene)-amino]-cyclohexylimino}-methyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-ol], a new copper(II) complex, [Cu(PydChda-2H+)]2·4ClO4·2H2O was constructed and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. DFT calculations further substantiate the experimental features. Additionally, experiments were performed to demonstrate the accessibility to any enzymatic activity and the complex provides positive response for phosphatase activity towards 4-NPP substrate.

  2. Complexation abilities of neuropeptide gamma toward copper(II) ions and products of metal-catalyzed oxidation.

    PubMed

    Pietruszka, Marta; Jankowska, Elżbieta; Kowalik-Jankowska, Teresa; Szewczuk, Zbigniew; Smużyńska, Maria

    2011-08-15

    The stability constants, stoichiometry, and solution structures of copper(II) complexes of neuropeptide gamma (NPG) (D(1)-A-G-H(4)-G-Q-I-S-H(9)-K-R-H(12)-K-T-D-S-F-V-G-L-M(21)-NH(2)) and acethyl-neuropeptide gamma (Ac-D(1)-A-G-H(4)-G-Q-I-S-H(9)-K-R-H(12)-K-T-D-S-F-V-G-L-M(21)-NH(2)) were determined in aqueous solution. For both peptides the additional deprotonations were observed; therefore, the potentiometric data calculations for NPG were only made in 2.5-7.4 pH range. For Ac-NPG one additional deprotonation was observed, likely hydroxy group of Ser residue, and the potentiometric data calculations in the 2.5-10.5 pH range may be performed. The potentiometric and spectroscopic data (UV-vis, CD, EPR) for the neuropeptide gamma show that a D(1) residue stabilizes significantly the copper(II) complexes with 1N {NH(2),β-COO(-)}, 2N {NH(2),β-COO(-),N(Im)}, and 3N {NH(2),β-COO(-),2N(Im)} coordination modes as the result of coordination through the β-carboxylate group. The Ac-NPG forms with the copper(II) ions the 3N {3N(Im)} complex in a wide 4.5-7.5 pH range. At higher pH deprotonation and coordination of the sequential amide nitrogens occur. Metal-catalyzed oxidation of proteins is mainly a site-specific process in which amino acids at metal-binding sites to the protein are preferentially oxidized. To elucidate the products of the copper(II)-catalyzed oxidation of NPG and Ac-NPG the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method (LC-MS) and the Cu(II)/H(2)O(2) as a model oxidizing system were employed. For solutions containing a 1:4 peptide-hydrogen peroxide molar ratio oxidation of the methionine residue to methionine sulphone was observed. For the 1:1:4 Cu(II)-NPG-H(2)O(2) system oxidation of two His residues and cleavage of the G(3)-H(4) and R(11)-H(12) peptide bonds were detected, supporting involvement of His(4) and His(12) in binding of the copper(II) ions. Oxidations of three histidine residues to 2-oxohistidines and fragmentations of Ac-NPG near the His

  3. Melamine-formaldehyde-NTA chelating gel resin: Synthesis, characterization and application for copper(II) ion removal from synthetic wastewater.

    PubMed

    Baraka, Ahmad; Hall, P J; Heslop, M J

    2007-02-09

    A new chelating resin was synthesised by anchoring nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) to melamine during the melamine-formaldehyde gelling reaction in the presence of water, using acetone and guaiacol as a porogen mixture. This technique gives a porous chelating gel resin capable of removing heavy metals from wastewater. FT-IR, XRD, elemental analysis, surface area and water regain measurements were conducted for characterization of the new chelating gel resin. A comprehensive adsorption study (kinetics isotherm, and thermodynamics) of Cu(II) removal from synthetic acidic aqueous solutions by adsorption on this resin was conducted regarding the effects of time, temperature, initial pH and copper(II) initial concentration.

  4. A zinc(II) quinolinone complex (Et3NH)[Zn(qui)Cl2]: Synthesis, X-ray structure, spectral properties and in vitro cytotoxicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buchtík, Roman; Nemec, Ivan; Trávníček, Zdeněk

    2014-02-01

    A new zinc(II) complex with 2-phenyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolinone (Hqui) of the composition (Et3NH)[Zn(qui)Cl2] was prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, FT IR, 1D and 2D NMR, and fluorescence spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray analysis. The molecular structure is composed of the triethylammonium (Et3NH+) cations and tetrahedral [ZnII(qui)Cl2]- complex anions, in which the Zn(II) atoms are bidentate coordinated by one qui ligand through keto (OK) and phenolate (OP) oxygen atoms and by two chlorido ligands, thus forming the {O2Cl2} donor set, with Zn-OK = 1.9860(14) Å, Zn-OP 1.9961(14) Å and Zn-Cl = 2.2509(6) Å and 2.2266(6) Å. The complex cations are aligned into 1D supramolecular chains through the NH⋯Cl hydrogen bonding between the amine group of the quinolinone ligand and the chlorido ligand of the adjacent complex anion. The amine group from the Et3NH+ cations provides the NH⋯OP hydrogen bond with the phenolate oxygen atoms from the complex anion. Screening of in vitro cytotoxicity of the compound was studied on human osteosarcoma (HOS) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) cell lines, with IC50 > 50 μM. The fluorescence study showed that the complex exhibits a relatively high integral intensity (29%) as compared to the standard quinine sulfate, and 1.6-fold enhancement of emission with respect to free Hqui.

  5. Selective extraction of zinc(II) over iron(II) from spent hydrochloric acid pickling effluents by liquid-liquid extraction.

    PubMed

    Mansur, Marcelo Borges; Rocha, Sônia Denise Ferreira; Magalhães, Fernando Silva; Benedetto, Jeaneth dos Santos

    2008-02-11

    The selective removal of zinc(II) over iron(II) by liquid-liquid extraction from spent hydrochloric acid pickling effluents produced by the zinc hot-dip galvanizing industry was studied at room temperature. Two distinct effluents were investigated: effluent 1 containing 70.2g/L of Zn, 92.2g/L of Fe and pH 0.6, and effluent 2 containing 33.9 g/L of Zn, 203.9g/L of Fe and 2M HCl. The following extractants were compared: TBP (tri-n-butyl phosphate), Cyanex 272 [bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinic acid], Cyanex 301 [bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) dithiophosphinic acid] and Cyanex 302 [bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) monothiophosphinic acid]. The best separation results were obtained for extractants TBP and Cyanex 301. Around 92.5% of zinc and 11.2% of iron were extracted from effluent 1 in one single contact using 100% (v/v) of TBP. With Cyanex 301, around 80-95% of zinc and less than 10% of iron were extracted from effluent 2 at pH 0.3-1.0. For Cyanex 272, the highest extraction yield for zinc (70% of zinc with 20% of iron extraction) was found at pH 2.4. Cyanex 302 presented low metal extraction levels (below 10%) and slow phase disengagement characteristics. Reactions for the extraction of zinc with TBP and Cyanex 301 from hydrochloric acid solution were proposed.

  6. New dinuclear cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a carboxylate-rich dinucleating ligand: synthesis, structure, spectroscopic characterization, and their interactions with sugars.

    PubMed

    Bera, Manindranath; Curtiss, Ashley B S; Musie, Ghezai T; Powell, Douglas R

    2012-11-19

    Sugar-metal ion interactions in aqueous medium are involved in many biochemical processes such as the transport and storage of metals, the function and regulation of sugar-metabolizing metalloenzymes, the mechanism of action of metal-containing pharmaceuticals, and toxic metal metabolism. To understand such interactions we synthesized and fully characterized two new dinuclear cobalt(II) and zinc(II) complexes as carbohydrate binding models for xylose/glucose isomerases (XGI). Synthesis of the dicobalt complex, Na3[Co2(ccdp)(μ-HCO2)]BF4·9H2O·2CH3OH (1), was performed in methanol with stoichiometric amounts of Co(BF4)2·6H2O and the dinucleating ligand, H5ccdp (H5ccdp = N,N'-bis[2-carboxybenzomethyl]-N,N'-bis[carboxymethyl]-1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol), in the presence of NaOH at ambient temperature in an argon glovebox. Similarly, the dizinc complex, [NMe4]2[Zn2(ccdp)(μ-OAc)]·CH3OH (2), was synthesized from Zn(OAc)2·2H2O and H5ccdp in the presence of NMe4OH at ambient temperature in methanol. Binding of the complexes with carbohydrates was investigated under different reaction conditions. In aqueous alkaline media, complexes 1 and 2 showed chelating ability towards the biologically important sugars, d-glucose and d-xylose, and a polyalcohol enzyme inhibitor (xylitol). In solution, each complex forms a 1:1 complex-substrate bound product with specific binding constant values. Synthesis, characterization details, and substrate binding using spectroscopic techniques and single-crystal X-ray diffraction are reported.

  7. New 1,2,4-triazole-based azo-azomethine dye. Part III: Synthesis, characterization, thermal property, spectrophotometric and computational studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erfantalab, Malihe; Khanmohammadi, Hamid

    A new 1,2,4-triazole-based azo-azomethine compound, H2L, has been prepared by condensation reaction of 1-(3-formyl-4-hydroxyphenylazo)-4-ethylbenzene with prepared triazole-based diamine. The structure of H2L was characterized by using FT-IR, UV-Vis and 1H NMR spectroscopic methods as well as elemental analysis. Hard model chemometrics method has been used to determine the formation constants of zinc(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) complexes of H2L in DMSO by UV-Vis spectrophotometric method. Solvatochromic behavior of the dye has been also investigated in some organic solvents with different polarities. Thermal properties of the prepared dye was examined by thermogravimetric analysis. Results indicated that the framework of the dye was stable up to 245 °C. Furthermore,1H chemical shifts and UV-Vis of H2L were studied by the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO), continuous set of gauge transformations (CSGT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) methods respectively at the level of density functional theory using B3LYP/6-311+G(d) basis sets in DMSO. The computational data are in reasonably good agreement with the experimental data.

  8. Synthesis, spectral and magnetic studies of mono- and bi-nuclear metal complexes of a new bis(tridentate NO2) Schiff base ligand derived from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol and ethanolamine.

    PubMed

    Shebl, Magdy

    2009-07-15

    A new bis(tridentate NO2) Schiff base ligand, H(4)L, was prepared by the reaction of the bifunctional carbonyl compound; 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (DAR) with ethanolamine. The ligand reacted with iron(III), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II), cerium(III) and uranyl(VI) ions, in absence and in presence of LiOH, to yield mono- and bi-nuclear complexes with different coordinating sites. The ligand and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, (1)H NMR, electronic, ESR and mass spectra, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements as well as thermal analyses. In absence of LiOH, mononuclear complexes (2, 3 and 5-9) as well as binuclear complexes (1 and 4) were obtained. In mononuclear complexes, the ligand acted as a neutral, mono- and di-basic/bi- and tetra-dentate ligand while in binuclear complexes (1 and 4), the ligand acted as a bis(mono- or di-basic/tridentate) ligand. On the other hand, in presence of LiOH, only binuclear complexes (10-15) were obtained in which the ligand acted as a bis(dibasic tridentate) ligand. The metal complexes exhibited different geometrical arrangements such as octahedral, tetrahedral, square planar, square pyramidal and pentagonal bipyramidal arrangements.

  9. LabVIEW-based sequential-injection analysis system for the determination of trace metals by square-wave anodic and adsorptive stripping voltammetry on mercury-film electrodes.

    PubMed

    Economou, Anastasios; Voulgaropoulos, Anastasios

    2003-01-01

    The development of a dedicated automated sequential-injection analysis apparatus for anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) and adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) is reported. The instrument comprised a peristaltic pump, a multiposition selector valve and a home-made potentiostat and used a mercury-film electrode as the working electrodes in a thin-layer electrochemical detector. Programming of the experimental sequence was performed in LabVIEW 5.1. The sequence of operations included formation of the mercury film, electrolytic or adsorptive accumulation of the analyte on the electrode surface, recording of the voltammetric current-potential response, and cleaning of the electrode. The stripping step was carried out by applying a square-wave (SW) potential-time excitation signal to the working electrode. The instrument allowed unattended operation since multiple-step sequences could be readily implemented through the purpose-built software. The utility of the analyser was tested for the determination of copper(II), cadmium(II), lead(II) and zinc(II) by SWASV and of nickel(II), cobalt(II) and uranium(VI) by SWAdSV.

  10. Coordination chemistry of 1,4-bis-carboxymethylcyclam, H(2)(1,4-bcc).

    PubMed

    Tonei, Deborah M; Ware, David C; Brothers, Penelope J; Plieger, Paul G; Clark, George R

    2006-01-07

    Zinc metal reduction of the cobalt(III) complex [Co(1,4-bcc)](+) (1,4-bcc = 1,4-bis-carboxymethylcyclam) produces the corresponding cobalt(II) complex which crystallises as the coordination polymer {[Co(1,4-bcc)]ZnCl(2)}(n). A method has been developed for removal of the cobalt(III) ion from [Co(1,4-bcc)](+) and isolation of the free ligand as its hydrochloride salt, H(2)(1,4-bcc).4HCl. This has been used for the preparation of new metal complexes, and the syntheses and characterisation of the copper(ii), nickel(ii), zinc(ii) and chromium(iii) complexes containing the 1,4-bcc ligand are described. X-Ray crystal structures of {[Co(1,4-bcc)]ZnCl(2)}(n).2.5H(2)O, {[Cu(1,4-bcc)]CuCl(2)}(n).0.25MeOH.H(2)O and [Cu(1,4-bcc)H]ClO(4) show the complexes to have the trans(O) geometry of the 1,4-bcc ligand, while the structure of [Cr(1,4-bcc)H(0.5)](ClO(4))(1.5).EtOH exhibits the cis(O) configuration.

  11. Preparation, spectral and biological investigation of formaldehyde-based ligand containing piperazine moiety and its various polymer metal complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Shamim Ahmad; Nishat, Nahid; Parveen, Shadma; Rasool, Raza

    2011-10-01

    A novel tetradentate salicylic acid-formaldehyde ligand containing piperazine moiety (SFP) was synthesized by condensation of salicylic acid, formaldehyde and piperazine in presence of base catalyst, which was subjected for the preparation of coordination polymers with metal ions like manganese(II), cobalt(II), copper(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II). All the synthesized polymeric compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and electronic spectral studies. The thermal stability was determined by thermogravimetric analysis and thermal data revealed that all the polymer metal complexes show good thermal stability than their parent ligand. Electronic spectral data and magnetic moment values revealed that polymer metal complexes of Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) show an octahedral geometry while Cu(II) and Zn(II) show distorted octahedral and tetrahedral geometry respectively. The antimicrobial screening of the ligand and coordination polymers was done by using Agar well diffusion method against various bacteria and fungi. It was evident from the data that antibacterial and antifungal activity increased on chelation and all the polymer metal complexes show excellent antimicrobial activity than their parent ligand.

  12. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and electrochemical studies of Girard's T chromone complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Saeedi, Sameerah I.; Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Ammar, Reda A.

    2016-05-01

    Complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) of general composition [M(L)2] have been. The elemental analyses, molar conductance, spectral, magnetic moment and thermal measurements studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the ligand acts as a tridentate manner (OON). The molar conductance of the metal complexes in fresh solution of DMSO lies in the range of 8.10-10.18 Ω-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. On the basis of analytical and spectroscopic techniques, octahedral geometry of the complexes was proposed. The ligand field parameters were calculated for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and their values were found in the range reported for a octahedral structure. The data show that the complexes have composition of ML2 type. The activation of thermodynamic parameters are calculated using different equations. The octahedral geometry of the complexes is confirmed using DFT method from DMOL3 calculations and ligand field parameters. The cyclic voltammograms of the Cu(II)/Co(II)/Ni(II) complexes investigated in DMSO solution exhibit metal centered electroactivity in the potential range -1.5 to +1.5 V. The electrochemical data obtained for Cu(II) complexes explains the change of structural arrangement of the ligand around Cu(II) ions.

  13. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, molecular modeling and potentiometric studies of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with 1,1-diaminobutane-Schiff base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.

    2014-08-01

    Complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) of general composition [M(L)(H2O)2]·2H2O have been synthesized [L = N,N";-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,1-diaminobutane]. The elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, mass, IR, UV, NMR, SEM, EDX, thermal and EPR spectral studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the ligand acts as a tetradentate manner. The molar conductance of the complexes in fresh solution of DMSO lies in the range of 7.46-9.13 Ω-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. On the basis of analytical and spectroscopic techniques, octahedral geometry of the complexes was proposed. The Schiff base acts as tetradentate ligand, coordinated through deprotonated phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The ligand field parameters were calculated for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and their values were found in the range reported for a octahedral structure. The molecular parameters of the ligand and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been calculated. Protonation constants of Schiff base and stability constants of their binary metal complexes have been determined potentiometrically in 50% DMSO-water media at 25 °C and ionic strength 0.10 M sodium perchlorate.

  14. Synthesis, spectroscopic studies, thermal analyses, biological activity of tridentate coordinated transition metal complexes of bi(pyridyl-2-ylmethyl)amine]ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abd El-Halim, Hanan F.; Mohamed, Gehad G.

    2016-01-01

    A new tridentate acyclic pincer ligand, [bi(pyridin-2-methyl)amine] (bpma, HL), was synthesized and reacted to form complexes with copper(II), nickel(II), iron(II), cobalt(II) and zinc(II) ions. Both the ligand and its complexes were characterized using elemental analysis, molar conductance, infrared, 1H-NMR-spectroscopy, mass and thermal analyses. According to the spectroscopic data, all of the complexes share the same coordination environment around the metal atoms, consisting two nitrogen-pyridine entities, one nitrogen-methylamine entity, one/two water molecules and/or one/two chloride or bromide ions. Complexes also showed molar conductivity according to the presence of two halide anions outer the coordination sphere except Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes are non electrolytes. Analysis indicates that the metal ions have trigonal bipyramidal structure. Cu(II), Ni(II), Fe(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) metal complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus (G+) and Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (G-) bacteria. They showed remarkable antimicrobial activity.

  15. Spectroscopic and biological studies of new binuclear metal complexes of a tridentate ONS hydrazone ligand derived from 4-amino-6-methyl-3-thioxo-3,4-dihydro-1,2,4-triazin-5(2H)-one and 4,6-diacetylresorcinol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adly, Omima M. I.; Emara, Adel A. A.

    2014-11-01

    The binuclear hydrazone, H2L, ligand derived from 4-amino-6-methyl-3-thioxo-3,4-dihydro-1,2,4-triazin-5(2H)-one and 4,6-diacetylresorcinol, in the molar ratio 2:1, and its copper(II), nickel(II), cobalt(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II), cerium(III), iron(III), oxovanadium(IV) and dioxouranium(VI) complexes have been synthesized. Structures of the ligand and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, spectral (infrared, electronic, mass, 1H NMR and ESR) data, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity measurements and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The ligand acts as dibasic with two ONS tridentate sites. The bonding sites are the azomethine nitrogen, phenolate oxygen and sulfur atoms. The metal complexes exhibit different geometrical arrangements such as square planer, tetrahedral and octahedral. The Coats-Redfern equation was used to calculate the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal decomposition steps of some complexes. The ligand and its metal complexes showed antimicrobial activity towards Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis), Gram-negative bacteria (Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli), yeast (Candida albicans) and fungus (Aspergillus fumigatus). Structural parameters of the ligand and its metal complexes were theoretically computed on the basis of semiempirical PM3 level, and the results were correlated with their experimental data.

  16. Synthesis, spectroscopic studies and inhibitory activity against bactria and fungi of acyclic and macrocyclic transition metal complexes containing a triamine coumarine Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abou-Hussein, A. A.; Linert, Wolfgang

    2015-04-01

    Two series of new mono and binuclear complexes with a Schiff base ligand derived from the condensation of 3-acetylcoumarine and diethylenetriamine, in the molar ratio 2:1 have been prepared. The ligand was characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-visible, 1H-NMR and mass spectra. The reaction of the Schiff base ligand with cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and oxovanadium(IV) lead to mono or binuclear species of cyclic or macrocyclic complexes, depending on the mole ratio of metal to ligand and as well as on the method of preparation. The Schiff base ligand behaves as a cyclic bidentate, tetradendate or pentaentadentae ligand. The formation of macrocyclic complexes depends significantly on the dimension of the internal cavity, the rigidity of the macrocycles, the nature of its donor atoms and on the complexing properties of the anion involved in the coordination. Electronic spectra and magnetic moments of the complexes indicate that the geometries of the metal centers are either square pyramidal or octahedral for acyclic or macro-cyclic complexes. The structures are consistent with the IR, UV-visible, ESR, 1H-NMR, mass spectra as well as conductivity and magnetic moment measurements. The Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against two pathogenic bacteria as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as one kind of fungi. Most of the complexes exhibit mild antibacterial and antifungal activities against these organisms.

  17. Template engineered biopotent macrocyclic complexes involving furan moiety: Molecular modeling and molecular docking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rathi, Parveen; Singh, D. P.

    2015-08-01

    Bioactive cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of octaazamacrocycle, 19, 20-dioxa-2,3,5,6,11,12,14,15-octaazatricyclo[14.2.1.1]icosa-1,6,8,10,15,17-hexaene-4,13-dithione, derived from furan-2,5-dione and thiocarbonohydrazide in the mole ratio 2:2:1 have been engineered via template methodology. The synthesized metal complexes have also been structurally characterized in the light of various physicochemical techniques and evaluated for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. All these studies point toward the formation of divalent macrocyclic complexes possessing distorted octahedral geometry and having significant antimicrobial and antioxidant properties as compared to the starting precursors. Virtual screening of a representative complex was done through docking to the binding site of COX-2 to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of the series. Non-electrolytic nature of the complexes has been predicted on the basis of low value of molar conductivity in DMSO. All the complexes were having notable activities against pathogenic microbes as compared to precursors-thiocarbonohydrazide and furan-2,5-dione however, the complex 5, [Ni (C10H8N8O2S2) (NO3)2], shows the best antimicrobial activity.

  18. Synthesis and antimalarial activity of metal complexes of cross-bridged tetraazamacrocyclic ligands

    PubMed Central

    Hubin, Timothy J.; Amoyaw, Prince N. -A.; Roewe, Kimberly D.; Simpson, Natalie C.; Maples, Randall D.; Carder Freeman, TaRynn N.; Cain, Amy N.; Le, Justin G.; Archibald, Stephen J.; Khan, Shabana I.; Tekwani, Babu L.; Khan, M. O. Faruk

    2014-01-01

    Using transition metals such as manganese(II), iron(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II), several new metal complexes of cross-bridged tetraazamacrocyclic chelators namely, cyclen- and cyclam-analogs with benzyl groups, were synthesized and screened for in vitro antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resistant (W2) and chloroquine-sensitive (D6) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The metal-free chelators tested showed little or no antimalarial activity. All the metal complexes of the dibenzyl cross-bridged cyclam ligand exhibited potent antimalarial activity. The Mn2+ complex of this ligand was the most potent with IC50s of 0.127 and 0.157 µM against the chloroquine-sensitive (D6) and chloroquine-resistant (W2) P. falciparum strains, respectively. In general, the dibenzyl hydrophobic ligands showed better antimalarial activity compared to the activity of monobenzyl ligands, potentially because of their higher lipophilicity and thus better cell penetration ability. The higher antimalarial activity displayed by the manganese complex for the cyclam ligand in comparison to that of the cyclen, correlates with the larger pocket of cyclam compared to that of cyclen which produces a more stable complex with the Mn2+. Few of the Cu2+ and Fe2+ complexes also showed improvement in activity but Ni2+, Co2+ and Zn2+ complexes did not show any improvement in activity upon the metal-free ligands for anti-malarial development. PMID:24857776

  19. Probing the copper(II) binding features of angiogenin. Similarities and differences between a N-terminus peptide fragment and the recombinant human protein.

    PubMed

    La Mendola, Diego; Farkas, Daniel; Bellia, Francesco; Magrì, Antonio; Travaglia, Alessio; Hansson, Örjan; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2012-01-02

    The angiogenin protein (hAng) is a potent angiogenic factor and its cellular activities may be affected by copper ions even if it is yet unknown how this metal ion is able to produce this effect. Among the different regions of hAng potentially able to bind copper ions, the N-terminal domain appears to be an ideal candidate. Copper(II) complexes of the peptide fragments encompassing the amino acid residues 4-17 of hAng protein were characterized by potentiometric, UV-vis, CD, and EPR spectroscopic methods. The results show that these fragments have an unusual copper(II) binding ability. At physiological pH, the prevailing complex species formed by the peptide encompassing the protein sequence 4-17 is [CuHL], in which the metal ion is bound to two imidazole and two deprotonated amide nitrogen atoms disposed in a planar equatorial arrangement. Preliminary spectroscopic (UV-vis, CD, and EPR) data obtained on the copper(II) complexes formed by the whole recombinant hAng protein, show a great similarity with those obtained for the N-terminal peptide fragments. These findings indicate that within the N-terminal domain there is one of the preferred copper(II) ions anchoring site of the whole recombinant hAng protein.

  20. Synthesis of mononuclear copper(II) complexes of acyclic Schiff's base ligands: Spectral, structural, electrochemical, antibacterial, DNA binding and cleavage activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayamani, Arumugam; Thamilarasan, Vijayan; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi; Manisankar, Paramasivam; Kang, Sung Kwon; Kim, Young-Inn; Ganesan, Vengatesan

    2014-03-01

    The mononuclear copper(II) complexes (1&2) of ligands L1 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl)piperazine] or L2 [N,N";-bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromobenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl) piperazine] have been synthesized and characterised. The single crystal X-ray study had shown that ligands L1 and L2 crystallize in a monoclinic crystal system with P21/c space group. The mononuclear copper(II) complexes show one quasireversible cyclic voltammetric response near cathodic region (-0.77 to -0.85 V) in DMF assignable to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple. Binding interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) investigated by absorption studies and fluorescence spectral studies show good binding affinity to CT DNA, which imply both the copper(II) complexes can strongly interact with DNA efficiently. The copper(II) complexes showed efficient oxidative cleavage of plasmid pBR322 DNA in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid as reducing agent through a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. The Schiff bases and their Cu(II) complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities which indicates that the complexes exhibited higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands.

  1. Synthesis of mononuclear copper(II) complexes of acyclic Schiff's base ligands: spectral, structural, electrochemical, antibacterial, DNA binding and cleavage activity.

    PubMed

    Jayamani, Arumugam; Thamilarasan, Vijayan; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi; Manisankar, Paramasivam; Kang, Sung Kwon; Kim, Young-Inn; Ganesan, Vengatesan

    2014-03-25

    The mononuclear copper(II) complexes (1&2) of ligands L(1) [N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl)piperazine] or L(2) [N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromobenzyl)-1,4-bis(3-iminopropyl) piperazine] have been synthesized and characterised. The single crystal X-ray study had shown that ligands L(1) and L(2) crystallize in a monoclinic crystal system with P21/c space group. The mononuclear copper(II) complexes show one quasireversible cyclic voltammetric response near cathodic region (-0.77 to -0.85 V) in DMF assignable to the Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple. Binding interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) investigated by absorption studies and fluorescence spectral studies show good binding affinity to CT DNA, which imply both the copper(II) complexes can strongly interact with DNA efficiently. The copper(II) complexes showed efficient oxidative cleavage of plasmid pBR322 DNA in the presence of 3-mercaptopropionic acid as reducing agent through a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. The Schiff bases and their Cu(II) complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities which indicates that the complexes exhibited higher antimicrobial activity than the free ligands.

  2. Spectroscopic, structural and theoretical studies of copper(II) complexes of tridentate NOS Schiff bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olalekan, Temitope E.; Ogunlaja, Adeniyi S.; VanBrecht, Bernardus; Watkins, Gareth M.

    2016-10-01

    Two newly synthesized Schiff bases (L4 and L5) were derived from the condensation reaction of 2-(methylthiomethyl)anilines and 4-methoxysalicylaldehyde. Coordination complexes of these and four previously reported NOS Schiff bases, Cu(L1)2-Cu(L6)2, were synthesized via the reflux reaction of the various Schiff base ligands with CuCl2·2H2O. The compounds were characterized by means of elemental analysis, FTIR and UV-Vis. The crystal structures of Cu(L1)2 and Cu(L2)2 were obtained by X-ray diffraction. The Schiff bases were coordinated to copper ion as monobasic tridentate ligands through the phenolic oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and thioether sulfur. The microanalyses of the coordination complexes were agreeable with bimolar binding of the ligands to the copper metal ion. The crystal structures of the copper complexes confirmed an octahedral geometry around the metal centre and showed they are mononuclear. The magnetic moment values indicated the presence of a lone electron in each copper(II) orbital and confirmed the mononuclearity of the complexes. The electronic spectra of the coordination compounds consist of the intraligand, charge transfer and d→d bands. Molecular modeling studies on the complexes (Cu(L1)2-Cu(L6)2) by employing DFT revealed that complex Cu(L5)2 possessed the smallest optimization energy as well as a small HOMO-LUMO energy gap which may best explain its higher polarizability as well as reactivity in comparison to the other complexes.

  3. Two unprecedented 1D coordination polymer chains based on tetranuclear copper(II) building blocks

    SciTech Connect

    Li Gaijuan; Xing Yan Song Shuyan; Xu Ning; Liu Xianchun; Su Zhongmin

    2008-09-15

    The reaction of copper(II) sulfate with pyridine in DMF or methanol yield two unprecedented Cu(II) coordination polymers {l_brace}[Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 4}-O)(py){sub 4}(SO{sub 4}){sub 4}][{mu}-Cu(py)(DMF){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n}(1) and {l_brace}[Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 4}-O)(py){sub 4}(SO{sub 4}){sub 4}][{mu}-Cu(py){sub 4}]{r_brace}{sub n}(2), respectively. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicated that compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic system, space group p2(1)/n, a=14.542(5) A, b=16.359(5) A, c=18.951(5) A, {beta}=92.047(5){sup o}, V=4505(2) A{sup 3}, Z=4 while 2 is monoclinic C2/c, a=23.078(5) A, b=10.214(5) A, c=23.142(5) A, {beta}=115.471(5){sup o}, V=4925(3) A{sup 3}, Z=4. Both of the two compounds consist of tetrahedral tetranuclear [Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 4}-O)(py){sub 4}(SO{sub 4}){sub 4}] clusters that are bridged by pentacoordinated Cu atom for 1 or hexacoordinated Cu atoms for 2 through the sulfate oxygen to form the infinite one-dimensional polymer chains. - Graphical abstract: Two unprecedented Cu(II) coordination polymers have been prepared by using solvothermal method; they consist of tetrahedral tetranuclear clusters that are bridged by unique Cu(II) atom through the sulfate oxygen to form the infinite one-dimensional polymer chains (a) for complex 1 and (b) for complex 2.

  4. Di- versus Trinuclear Copper(II) Cryptate for the Uptake of Dicarboxylate Anions.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Catarina V; Mateus, Pedro; André, Vânia; Bandeira, Nuno A G; Calhorda, Maria José; Ferreira, Liliana P; Delgado, Rita

    2016-07-18

    Searching for receptors selective for the binding of dicarboxylate anions, the copper(II) complexes of the known ditopic octaazacryptand (t2pN8), derived from bistren [tren = tris(2-aminoethyl)amine] linked by p-xylyl spacers, were re-examined, with the expectation of observing a selective binding of oxalate or malonate by bridging the two copper centers of the [Cu2(t2pN8)(H2O)2](4+) receptor. Solution studies involving the supramolecular species formed by the receptor and oxalate (oxa(2-)), malonate (mal(2-)), and succinate (suc(2-)) anions are reported. The determined association constants revealed the unexpected formation of a 3:1:1 Cu/t2pN8/anion stoichiometry for the cascade species with oxa(2-) and mal(2-), and the single crystal X-ray structural characterization confirmed the presence of tricopper(II) complexes, with an unusual binding mode for the dicarboxylate anions. Each of the two copper atoms binds four nitrogen donor atoms of the t2pN8 cryptand and one additional hydroxide group, which bridges to the third copper. The square planar environment of this one is complete with two oxygen atoms from the oxalate (or the malonate). The two copper centers bound to the tren heads are ∼6.5 Å apart, each one at about 3.5 Å from the third Cu center. These studies were complemented by SQUID magnetization measurements and DFT calculations. The magnetic susceptibility measurements of the oxalate cascade complex showed a strong magnetic coupling (J = - 210 cm(-1)) between the Cu centers at a short distance (3.5 Å), while the coupling between the two equivalent Cu atoms (∼6.5 Å) was only -70 cm(-1). This result was well reproduced by DFT calculations.

  5. Proton conduction and long-range ferrimagnetic ordering in two isostructural Copper(II) mesoxalate metal-organic frameworks.

    PubMed

    Gil-Hernández, Beatriz; Savvin, Stanislav; Makhloufi, Gamall; Núñez, Pedro; Janiak, Christoph; Sanchiz, Joaquín

    2015-02-16

    Two compounds of formula {(H3O)[Cu7(Hmesox)5(H2O)7]·9H2O}n (1a) and {(NH4)0.6(H3O)0.4[Cu7(Hmesox)5(H2O)7]·11H2O}n (1b) were prepared and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (H4mesox = mesoxalic acid, 2-dihydroxymalonic acid). The compounds are crystalline functional metal-organic frameworks exhibiting proton conduction and magnetic ordering. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that the copper(II) ions are strongly ferro- and antiferromagnetically coupled by the alkoxide and carboxylate bridges of the mesoxalate linker to yield long-range magnetic ordering with a Tc of 17.6 K, which is reached by a rare mechanism known as topologic ferrimagnetism. Electric conductivity, measured by impedance methods, shows values as high as 6.5 × 10(-5) S cm(-1) and occurs by proton exchange among the hydronium/ammonium and water molecules of crystallization, which fill the voids left by the three-dimensional copper(II) mesoxalate anionic network.

  6. Synthesis, characterization and DNA interaction of new copper(II) complexes of Schiff base-aroylhydrazones bearing naphthalene ring.

    PubMed

    Gökçe, Cansu; Gup, Ramazan

    2013-05-05

    Two new copper(II) complexes with the condensation products of methyl 2-naphthyl ketone with 4-hydroxybenzohydrazide, 4-hydroxy-N'-[(1Z)-1-(naphthalen-2-yl)ethylidene]benzohydrazide [HL(1)] and (Z)-ethyl 2-(4-(2-(1-(naphthalen-2-yl)ethylidene)hydrazinecarbonyl)phenoxy)acetate (HL(2)) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra, UV-Vis electronic absorption spectra, magnetic susceptibility measurements, TGA, powder XRD and SEM-EDS. The binding properties of the copper(II) complexes with calf thymus DNA were studied by using the absorption titration method. DNA cleavage activities of the synthesized copper complexes were examined by using agarose gel electrophoresis. The effect of complex concentration on the DNA cleavage reactions in the absence and presence of H2O2 was also investigated. The experimental results suggest that the copper complexes bind significantly to calf thymus DNA by both groove binding and intercalation modes and cleavage effectively pBR322 DNA. The mechanistic studies demonstrate that a hydrogen peroxide-derived species and singlet oxygen ((1)O2) are the active oxidative species for DNA cleavage.

  7. Characterization of Copper(II) Interactions with Sinefungin, a Nucleoside Antibiotic: Combined Potentiometric, Spectroscopic and DFT Studies

    PubMed Central

    Jaworska, Maria; Lodowski, Piotr; Mucha, Ariel; Szczepanik, Wojciech; Valensin, Gianni; Cappannelli, Massimo; Jeżowska-Bojczuk, Małgorzata

    2007-01-01

    Interactions between sinefungin and copper(II) ions were investigated. Stoichiometry and stability constants of the metal-free system and two mononuclear complexes present in solution were determined on the basis of potentiometric data analysis. The results were compared to the Cu(II)-ornithine system due to structural similarities between both molecules. Combined spectroscopic and theoretical studies allowed for determination of coordination pattern for the Cu(II)-sinefungin complexes. At acidic pH, copper is bound in “glycine-like” coordination mode, identical with that of ornithine. This involves α-amino group and the carboxyl oxygen. At higher pH, a “bis-complex” is formed by two sinefungin molecules. The second ligand binds in equatorial position displacing two water molecules, what results in the stable {2N,2O} coordination. Both axial positions are supposed to be occupied by N1 nitrogen donors of adenine moiety, what is confirmed by DFT calculations. They interact indirectly with copper(II) through water molecules as the result of dominant syn conformation of purine. PMID:18273386

  8. X-ray and DFT studies of a mono- and binuclear copper(II) ionic compound containing a Schiff base.

    PubMed

    Langer, Vratislav; Mach, Pavol; Gyepesová, Dalma; Andrezálová, Lucia; Kohútová, Mária

    2012-11-01

    In the structure of trans-bis(ethanol-κO)tetrakis(1H-imidazole-κN(3))copper(II) bis[μ-N-(2-oxidobenzylidene)-D,L-glutamato]-κ(4)O(1),N,O(2'):O(2');κ(4)O(2'):O(1),N,O(2')-bis[(1H-imidazole-κN(3))cuprate(II)], [Cu(C(3)H(4)N(2))(4)(C(2)H(6)O)(2)][Cu(2)(C(15)H(14)N(3)O(5))(2)], both ions are located on centres of inversion. The cation is mononuclear, showing a distorted octahedral coordination, while the anion is a binuclear centrosymmetric dimer with a square-pyramidal copper(II) coordination. An extensive three-dimensional hydrogen-bonding network is formed between the ions. According to B3LYP/6-31G* calculations, the two equivalent components of the anion are in doublet states (spin density located mostly on Cu(II) ions) and are coupled as a triplet, with only marginal preference over an open-shell singlet.

  9. Spacer-dependent structural and physicochemical diversity in copper(II) complexes with salicyloyl hydrazones: a monomer and soluble polymers.

    PubMed

    Matoga, Dariusz; Szklarzewicz, Janusz; Gryboś, Ryszard; Kurpiewska, Katarzyna; Nitek, Wojciech

    2011-04-18

    Complexation of copper(II) with a series of heterodonor chelating Schiff bases (LL) of salicylic acid hydrazide and aliphatic or cycloaliphatic ketones affords soluble one-dimensional (1D) metallopolymers containing Schiff bases as bridging ligands. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction results reveal nanometer-sized metallopolymeric wires [Cu(μ-LL)(2)](n) with off-axis linkers and a zigzag geometry. Octahedrally coordinated copper centers, exhibiting a Jahn-Teller distortion, are doubly bridged by two Schiff-base molecules in the μ(2)-η(1),η(2) coordination mode. The use of dibutylketone with long alkyl chains as a component for Schiff base formation leads to a distorted square planar monomeric copper(II) complex [Cu(LL)(2)], as evidenced by its X-ray crystal structure. The compounds are characterized by elemental analyses and IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, as well as magnetic susceptibility and cyclic voltammetry measurements. Electrochemical studies on the complexes reveal an existence of polymeric and monomeric forms in solution and the dependence of Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction potentials on alkyl groups of salicyloyl hydrazone ligands. Polymeric complexes form conducting films on Pt electrodes upon multicycle potential sweeps.

  10. New tridentate azo-azomethines and their copper(II) complexes: Synthesis, solvent effect on tautomerism, electrochemical and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarigul, Munire; Deveci, Pervin; Kose, Muhammet; Arslan, Ugur; Türk Dagi, Hatice; Kurtoglu, Mukerrem

    2015-09-01

    In this study, three azo-azomethines and their copper(II) complexes were prepared and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic methods. The complexes prepared were found to be mononuclear and the chelation of the ligands to the copper(II) ions occurs through two phenolic oxygens and a nitrogen atom of the azomethine group of the ligand. The tautomeric behaviors of the azo-azomethines in solution were studied by UV-Vis. spectra in three organic solvents with different polarity (CHCl3, DMSO and DMF) at room temperature. The redox behaviors of the azo-azomethines and their Cu(II) complexes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in DMSO solution containing 0.1 M tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBATFB) as supporting electrolyte. Additionally, the antibacterial activity was also evaluated by the broth microdilution methods against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The compounds were found to be less effective against all bacteria tested than two reference antibiotics (ampicillin and gentamicin).

  11. Synthesis, crystal structures and antitumor activities of copper(II) complexes with a 2-acetylpyrazine isonicotinoyl hydrazone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jun; Zhou, Tao; Xu, Zhou-Qing; Gu, Xin-Nan; Wu, Wei-Na; Chen, Hong; Wang, Yuan; Jia, Lei; Zhu, Tao-Feng; Chen, Ru-Hua

    2017-01-01

    Five complexes, [Cu(L)2]·4.5H2O (1), [Cu(HL)2](NO3)2·CH3OH (2) {[Cu2(L)2(NO3)(H2O)2]·(NO3)}n (3), [Cu2(HL)2(SO4)2]·2CH3OH (4) and [Cu4(L)4Cl4]·5H2O (5) based on HL (where HL = 2-acetylpyrazine isonicotinoyl hydrazone) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction analyses. The counter anion and organic base during the synthesis procedure influence the structures of the complexes efficiently, which generate five complexes as mono-, bi-, tetra-nuclear and one-dimensional structures. The antitumor activities of the complexes 1-5 (except for complex 3 with the poor solubility) against the Patu8988 human pancreatic cancer, ECA109 human esophagus cancer and SGC7901 human gastric cancer cell lines are screened by MTT assay. The results indicate that the chelation of Cu(II) with the ligand is responsible for the observed high cytotoxicity of the copper(II) complexes and the 1:2 copper species 1 and 2 demonstrate lower antitumor activities than that of the 1:1 copper species 4 and 5. In addition, the in vitro apoptosis inducing activity of the copper(II) complex 5 against SGC7901 cell line is determined. And the results show that the complex can bring about apoptosis of the cancerous cells in vitro.

  12. Structural Diversity of Copper(II) Complexes with 9-Deazahypoxanthine and Their in Vitro SOD-Like Activity

    PubMed Central

    Gáliková, Jana; Trávníček, Zdeněk

    2015-01-01

    Two structurally different copper(II) complexes of the compositions [{Cu(9dhx)(H2O)3}2(µ-SO4)2] (1) and [Cu(9dhx)2(H2O)2(NO3)2]·H2O (2), involving 9-deazahypoxanthine (9dhx; 6-oxo-9-deazapurine; 9-deazahypoxanthine), have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared and electronic spectroscopy, electrospray ionisation (ESI) mass spectrometry, thermogravimetric (TG) and differential thermal (DTA) analyses, and cyclic voltammetry. The X-ray structures of complexes 1 and [Cu(9dhx)2(H2O)2(NO3)2] (2a) revealed the distorted octahedral geometry in the vicinity of the copper(II) atoms, with the NO5 and N2O4 donor set, respectively. In the dimeric compound 1, the {Cu(9dhx)(H2O)3}2 units are bridged by sulfate groups with the Cu···Cu separation being 5.3446(2) Å. In both structures the 9dhx ligands are coordinated through the N3 atoms of the pyrimidine moieties. The SOD-like activity of complexes 1 and 2 was evaluated in vitro showing moderate effect, with the IC50 values equal to 18.20, and 53.33 μM, respectively. PMID:26184182

  13. Synthesis, superoxide dismutase, nuclease, and anticancer activities of copper(II) complexes incorporating bis(2-picolyl)amine with different counter anions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, Mohamed M.; Ramadan, Abdel-Motaleb M.; Mersal, Gaber A. M.; El-Shazly, Samir A.

    2011-07-01

    Interaction of the tridentate ligand bis(2-picolyl)amine L with copper(II) salts gave a series of copper(II) complexes with the formula types: [ LCu(X) 2] (X = Cl -1, = Br -2), [( LCu (H 2O)(μ-SO 4)( LCu(H 2O)]SO 43, [ LCu(OAc)](OAc )H 2O 4, [ LCu(H 2O) 2](Y) 2 (Y = NO3-5, = ClO4-6). Their structures and properties were characterized by elemental analysis, thermal analysis (TGA), IR, UV-vis and ESR spectroscopy, electrochemical measurements including cyclic voltammetry and electrical molar conductivity, and magnetic moment measurements. A square pyramidal geometry is proposed for the halogeno complexes 1 and 2 in monomeric structures. For sulfate complex, the sulfate group bridged two copper(II) ions of the two [N 3O] donor units to give the dimeric complex molecule 3 in square pyramidal environment around the copper(II) ions. In the case of complexes 4- 6, square planar stereochemistries in monomeric structures are suggested. The SOD biomimetic catalytic activity of the obtained complexes was assessed for their ability to inhibit the reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT). The catalytic efficiency of O2- scavenging by complexes depends on the nature of the particular acidic anion radical incorporated in the complex molecule and follows the order: NO3- > ClO4- > Br - ⩾ Cl - > SO4- > AcO -. A probable mechanistic implications for the catalytic dismutation of O2- by copper(II) complexes are proposed. Furthermore, complex 1 exhibits significant hydrolytic cleavage of the genomic DNA in the absence of any external additives. In addition, the in vitro study of cytotoxicity of complex 1 on colon cancer cell line (Caco-2) indicates that the complex has the potential to act as an effective anticancer drug with IC 50 value of 156 ± 0.35 μM.

  14. Nickel(II) complexes of pentadentate N5 ligands as catalysts for alkane hydroxylation by using m-CPBA as oxidant: a combined experimental and computational study.

    PubMed

    Sankaralingam, Muniyandi; Balamurugan, Mani; Palaniandavar, Mallayan; Vadivelu, Prabha; Suresh, Cherumuttathu H

    2014-09-01

    A new family of nickel(II) complexes of the type [Ni(L)(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2), where L=N-methyl-N,N',N'-tris(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-ethylenediamine (L1, 1), N-benzyl-N,N',N'-tris(pyrid-2-yl-methyl)-ethylenediamine (L2, 2), N-methyl-N,N'-bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N'-(6-methyl-pyrid-2-yl-methyl)-ethylenediamine (L3, 3), N-methyl-N,N'-bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N'-(quinolin-2-ylmethyl)-ethylenediamine (L4, 4), and N-methyl-N,N'-bis(pyrid-2-ylmethyl)-N'-imidazole-2-ylmethyl)-ethylenediamine (L5, 5), has been isolated and characterized by means of elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, UV/Vis spectroscopy, and electrochemistry. The single-crystal X-ray structure of [Ni(L(3))(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2) reveals that the nickel(II) center is located in a distorted octahedral coordination geometry constituted by all the five nitrogen atoms of the pentadentate ligand and an acetonitrile molecule. In a dichloromethane/acetonitrile solvent mixture, all the complexes show ligand field bands in the visible region characteristic of an octahedral coordination geometry. They exhibit a one-electron oxidation corresponding to the Ni(II) /Ni(III) redox couple the potential of which depends upon the ligand donor functionalities. The new complexes catalyze the oxidation of cyclohexane in the presence of m-CPBA as oxidant up to a turnover number of 530 with good alcohol selectivity (A/K, 7.1-10.6, A=alcohol, K=ketone). Upon replacing the pyridylmethyl arm in [Ni(L1)(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2) by the strongly σ-bonding but weakly π-bonding imidazolylmethyl arm as in [Ni(L5)(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2) or the sterically demanding 6-methylpyridylmethyl ([Ni(L3)(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2) and the quinolylmethyl arms ([Ni(L4)(CH(3)CN)](BPh(4))(2), both the catalytic activity and the selectivity decrease. DFT studies performed on cyclohexane oxidation by complexes 1 and 5 demonstrate the two spin-state reactivity for the high-spin [(N5)Ni(II)-O(.)] intermediate (ts1(hs), ts2(doublet)), which has a low-spin state located closely in

  15. Nickel-quinolones interaction. Part 5-Biological evaluation of nickel(II) complexes with first-, second- and third-generation quinolones.

    PubMed

    Skyrianou, Kalliopi C; Perdih, Franc; Papadopoulos, Athanasios N; Turel, Iztok; Kessissoglou, Dimitris P; Psomas, George

    2011-10-01

    The nickel(II) complexes with the quinolone antibacterial agents oxolinic acid, flumequine, enrofloxacin and sparfloxacin in the presence of the N,N'-donor heterocyclic ligand 2,2'-bipyridylamine have been synthesized and characterized. The quinolones act as bidentate ligands coordinated to Ni(II) ion through the pyridone oxygen and a carboxylato oxygen. The crystal structure of [(2,2'-bipyridylamine)bis(sparfloxacinato)nickel(II)] has been determined by X-ray crystallography. UV study of the interaction of the complexes with calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) has shown that they bind to CT DNA with [(2,2'-bipyridylamine)bis(flumequinato)nickel(II)] exhibiting the highest binding constant to CT DNA. The cyclic voltammograms of the complexes have shown that in the presence of CT DNA the complexes can bind to CT DNA by the intercalative binding mode which has also been verified by DNA solution viscosity measurements. Competitive study with ethidium bromide (EB) has shown that the complexes can displace the DNA-bound EB indicating that they bind to DNA in strong competition with EB. The complexes exhibit good binding propensity to human or bovine serum albumin protein having relatively high binding constant values. The biological properties of the [Ni(quinolonato)(2)(2,2'-bipyridylamine)] complexes have been evaluated in comparison to the previously reported Ni(II) quinolone complexes [Ni(quinolonato)(2)(H(2)O)(2)], [Ni(quinolonato)(2)(2,2'-bipyridine)] and [Ni(quinolonato)(2)(1,10-phenanthroline)]. The quinolones and their Ni(II) complexes have been tested for their antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity. They have been also tested in vitro for their inhibitory activity against soybean lipoxygenase.

  16. Synthesis and crystal structure of a ternary copper(II) complex of 2,2‧-bipyridine and picrate: Molecular docking, reactivity towards DNA and in vitro anticancer activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Kang; Jiang, Man; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2014-01-01

    A new mononuclear ternary copper(II) complex with mixed ligands of 2,2‧-bipyridine (bpy) and picrate (pic), namely [Cu(bpy)(pic)2], has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurement, IR and electronic spectral studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure analysis reveals the presence of two crystallographic independent molecules in an asymmetric unit. The copper(II) atoms are in elongated octahedral coordination geometries. A three-dimensional supermolecular network is formed through non-classical C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The DNA-binding properties of the copper(II) complex are investigated both theoretically and experimentally, revealing that the copper(II) complex can interact with HS-DNA in the mode of intercalation, and the molecular docking of the copper(II) complex with the self-complementary DNA duplex of sequence d(ACCGACGTCGGT)2 facilitates the binding events. The in vitro anticancer activities suggest that the copper(II) complex is active against the selected tumor cell lines.

  17. Determination of Zinc(II) Ions Released into Artificial Digestive Juices from Culinary-Medicinal Button Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Agaricomycetidae), Biomass of In Vitro Cultures Using an Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Method.

    PubMed

    Kala, Katarzyna; Muszynska, Bozena; Zajac, Magdalena; Krezalek, Remigiusz; Opoka, Wlodzimierz

    2016-01-01

    Zinc is one of those microelements that are essential for the proper functioning of the human body and must be supplemented in our food at a daily dose of 15 mg. It is well known that mushrooms accumulate elements; thus, in order to determine the extent of accumulation and the level of zinc released from mushrooms, in vitro cultures of Agaricus bisporus were established. The cultures were run on a modified Oddoux medium (a control culture) as well as on the same medium with the addition of zinc hydroaspartate (100 and 200 mg/L) and zinc sulfate (87.23 and 174.47 mg/L). These compounds were chosen to help estimate which form, organic or inorganic, results in a better assimilation of zinc(II) ions by biomass. As the next step, the level of zinc(II) ions released from the lyophilized biomass of in vitro cultures to the digestive juices, under thermal conditions of the human body (37°C), was determined. For this purpose, artificial digestive juices, imitating the composition of human digestive juices, were used. For determination of zinc(II) ions in the digestive tract, an anodic stripping voltammetry method was employed. The amount of zinc released into artificial saliva over 1 minute varied from 0.15 mg/100 g d.w. in the control culture to 2.35 mg/100 g d.w. in the biomass in the medium to which 200 mg/L zinc hydroaspartate had been added. Values were higher in gastric juice and depended on incubation time (2.66 to 30.63 mg/100 g d.w.). In intestinal juice, the highest value of the released zinc grew to 24.20 mg/100 g d.w. (biomass of A. bisporus in vitro cultures in medium with the addition of 200 mg/L zinc hydroaspartate). Total average amount of zinc released into artificial digestive juices was the highest (56.26 mg/100 g d.w.) from A. bisporus biomass of in vitro cultures in the medium to which 200 mg/L zinc hydroaspartate had been added.

  18. Some new nano-structure zinc(II) coordination compounds of an imidazolidine Schiff base: Spectral, thermal, antimicrobial properties and DNA interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montazerozohori, Morteza; Musavi, Sayed Alireza; Naghiha, Asghar; Zohour, Mostafa Montazer

    2014-08-01

    Some novel nano-sized structure zinc complexes of a new Schiff base ligand entitled as (3-nitro-benzylidene)-{2-[2-(3-nitro-phenyl)-imidazolidine-1-yl]-ethyl}-amine(L) with general formula of ZnLX2 wherein X = Cl-, Br-, I-, SCN- and N3- have been synthesized under ultrasonic conditions. The ligand and its complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The resulting data from spectral investigation especially 1H and 13C NMR well confirmed formation of an imidazolidine ring in the ligand structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed nano-size structures with average particle sizes of 21.80-78.10 nm for the zinc(II) Schiff base complexes. The free Schiff base and its Zn(II) complexes have been screened in vitro both for antibacterial activity against some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and also for antifungal activity. The metal complexes were found to be more active than the free Schiff base ligand. The results showed that ZnL(N3)2 is the most effective inhibitor against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aereuguinosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans while ZnLBr2 was found to be more effective against Bacillus subtillis than other compounds. Moreover, DNA cleavage potential of all compounds with plasmid DNA was investigated. The results showed that the ligand and ZnLCl2 complex cleave DNA more efficiently than others. In final, thermal analysis of ligand and its complexes revealed that they are decomposed via 2-3 thermal steps in the range of room temperature to 1000 °C. Furthermore some activation kinetic parameters such as A, E*, ΔH*, ΔS* and ΔG* were calculated based on TG/DTA plots by use of coats - Redfern relation. Positive values of activation energy evaluated for the compounds confirmed the thermal stability of them. In addition to, the positive ΔH*, and ΔG* values suggested endothermic character for the thermal decomposition steps.

  19. New mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes based on the antiepileptic drug sodium valproate and bioactive nitrogen-donor ligands. Synthesis, structure and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Darawsheh, Mohanad; Abu Ali, Hijazi; Abuhijleh, A Latif; Rappocciolo, Emilia; Akkawi, Mutaz; Jaber, Suhair; Maloul, Salam; Hussein, Yasmeen

    2014-07-23

    Starting from the precursor [Zinc Valproate complex] (1), new mixed ligand zinc(II) complexes of valproic acid and nitrogen-based ligands, formulating as, [Zn(valp)22,9-dmphen] (2), [Zn2(valp)4(quin)2] (3), [Zn(valp)2(2-ampy)2] (4), and [Zn(valp)2(2-ampic)2] (5) (valp = valproate, 2,9-dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, quin = quinoline, 2-ampy = 2-aminopyridine, 2-ampic = 2-amino-6-picoline) were synthesized and characterized using IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C{(1)H} NMR and UV-Vis spectrometry. The crystal structures of complexes 2, 3 and 4 were determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The complexes were also evaluated for their anti-bacterial activity using in-vitro agar diffusion method against three Gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis) and three Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis) species. Complex 2 showed considerable activity against all tested microorganisms and the effect of complexation on the anti-bacterial activity of the parent ligand of 2 was also investigated. The anti-bacterial activity of 2,9-dmphen against Gram-negative bacteria was enhanced upon complexation with zinc valproate. On the other hand, complexes 1 and 3 showed weak inhibition activity against the tested species and complexes 4 and 5 didn't show any activity at all. Two methods were used for testing the inhibition of ferriprotoporphyrinIX bio-mineralization: a semi-quantitative micro-assay and a previously self-developed quantitative in-vitro method. Both were used to study the efficiency of these complexes in inhibiting the formation of the Malaria pigment which considered being the target of many known anti-malarial drugs such as Chloroquine and Amodiaquine. Results showed that the efficiency of complex 2 in preventing the formation of β-Hematin was 80%. The efficiency of Amodiaquine as a standard drug was reported to give 91%.

  20. Self-assembled copper(II) coordination polymers derived from aminopolyalcohols and benzenepolycarboxylates: structural and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Kirillov, Alexander M; Karabach, Yauhen Y; Haukka, Matti; Guedes da Silva, M Fatima C; Sanchiz, Joaquin; Kopylovich, Maximilian N; Pombeiro, Armando J L

    2008-01-07

    The new copper(II) or copper(II)/sodium(I) 1D coordination polymers [Cu2(Hmdea)2(mu-H2O)(mu2-tpa)]n.2nH2O (1), [Cu2(H2tipa)2(mu2-ipa)]n.4nH2O (2), [Cu2(H2tea)2Na(H2O)2(mu2-tma)]n.6nH2O (3), [Cu2(H2tea)2(mu2-ipa)]n.nH2O (4a), and [Cu2(H2tea)2{mu3-Na(H2O)3}(mu3-ipa)]n(NO3)n.0.5nH2O (4b) have been prepared in aqueous medium by self-assembly from copper(II) nitrate, aminopolyalcohols [methyldiethanolamine (H2mdea), triisopropanolamine (H3tipa), and triethanolamine (H3tea)] as main chelating ligands and benzenepolycarboxylic acids [terephthalic (H2tpa), isophthalic (H2ipa), and trimesic (H3tma) acid] as spacers. They have been characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, the latter indicating the formation of unusual multinuclear metal cores interconnected by various benzenepolycarboxylate spacers, leading to distinct wavelike, zigzag, or linear 1D polymeric metal-organic chains. These are further extended to 2D or 3D hydrogen-bonded supramolecular networks via extensive interactions with the intercalated crystallization water molecules. The latter are associated, also with aqua ligands, by hydrogen bonds resulting in acyclic (H2O)3 clusters in 1, (H2O)8 clusters in 2, infinite 1D water chains in 3, and disordered water-nitrate associates in 4b, all playing a key role in the structure stabilization and its extension to further dimensions. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements have shown that 1-4 exhibit a moderately strong ferromagnetic coupling through the alkoxo bridge. The small Cu-O-Cu bridging angle and the large out-of-plane displacement of the carbon atom of the alkoxo group accounts for this behavior. The magnetic data have been analyzed by means of a dinuclear and a 1D chain model, and the magnetic parameters have been determined. The magnetic exchange coupling in 3, to our knowledge, is the highest found in alkoxo-bridged copper(II) complexes.

  1. In vitro Solubility of Copper(II) Sulfate and Dicopper Chloride Trihydroxide for Pigs

    PubMed Central

    Park, C. S.; Kim, B. G.

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the solubility of copper (Cu) in two sources of copper(II) sulfate (CuSO4) including monohydrate and pentahydrate and three sources of dicopper chloride trihydroxide (dCCTH) including α-form (dCCTH-α), β-form (dCCTH-β), and a mixture of α- and β-form (dCCTH-αβ) at different pH and a 3-step in vitro digestion assay for pigs. In Exp. 1, Cu sources were incubated in water-based buffers at pH 2.0, 3.0, 4.8, and 6.8 for 4 h using a shaking incubator at 39°C. The CuSO4 sources were completely dissolved within 15 min except at pH 6.8. The solubility of Cu in dCCTH-α was greater (p<0.05) than dCCTH-β but was not different from dCCTH-αβ during 3-h incubation at pH 2.0 and during 2-h incubation at pH 3.0. At pH 4.8, there were no significant differences in solubility of Cu in dCCTH sources. Copper in dCCTH sources were non-soluble at pH 6.8. In Exp. 2, the solubility of Cu was determined during the 3-step in vitro digestion assay for pigs. All sources of Cu were completely dissolved in step 1 which simulated digestion in the stomach. In Exp. 3, the solubility of Cu in experimental diets including a control diet and diets containing 250 mg/kg of additional Cu from five Cu sources was determined during the in vitro digestion assay. The solubility of Cu in diets containing additional Cu sources were greater (p<0.05) than the control diet in step 1. In conclusion, the solubility of Cu was influenced by pH of digesta but was not different among sources based on the in vitro digestion assay. PMID:27456425

  2. Rapid assessment of human amylin aggregation and its inhibition by copper(II) ions by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with ion mobility separation

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Hang; Ha, Emmeline; Donaldson, Robert P.; Jeremic, Aleksandar M.; Vertes, Akos

    2015-09-09

    Native electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) is often used to monitor noncovalent complex formation between peptides and ligands. The relatively low throughput of this technique, however, is not compatible with extensive screening. Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) MS combined with ion mobility separation (IMS) can analyze complex formation and provide conformation information within a matter of seconds. Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) or amylin, a 37-amino acid residue peptide, is produced in pancreatic beta-cells through proteolytic cleavage of its prohormone. Both amylin and its precursor can aggregate and produce toxic oligomers and fibrils leading to cell death in the pancreas that can eventually contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The inhibitory effect of the copper(II) ion on amylin aggregation has been recently discovered, but details of the interaction remain unknown. Finding other more physiologically tolerated approaches requires large scale screening of potential inhibitors. In this paper, we demonstrate that LAESI-IMS-MS can reveal the binding stoichiometry, copper oxidation state, and the dissociation constant of human amylin–copper(II) complex. The conformations of hIAPP in the presence of copper(II) ions were also analyzed by IMS, and preferential association between the β-hairpin amylin monomer and the metal ion was found. The copper(II) ion exhibited strong association with the —HSSNN– residues of the amylin. In the absence of copper(II), amylin dimers were detected with collision cross sections consistent with monomers of β-hairpin conformation. When copper(II) was present in the solution, no dimers were detected. Thus, the copper(II) ions disrupt the association pathway to the formation of β-sheet rich amylin fibrils. Using LAESI-IMS-MS for the assessment of amylin–copper(II) interactions demonstrates the utility of this technique for the high-throughput screening of potential

  3. Rapid assessment of human amylin aggregation and its inhibition by copper(II) ions by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with ion mobility separation

    DOE PAGES

    Li, Hang; Ha, Emmeline; Donaldson, Robert P.; ...

    2015-09-09

    Native electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) is often used to monitor noncovalent complex formation between peptides and ligands. The relatively low throughput of this technique, however, is not compatible with extensive screening. Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) MS combined with ion mobility separation (IMS) can analyze complex formation and provide conformation information within a matter of seconds. Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) or amylin, a 37-amino acid residue peptide, is produced in pancreatic beta-cells through proteolytic cleavage of its prohormone. Both amylin and its precursor can aggregate and produce toxic oligomers and fibrils leading to cell death in the pancreasmore » that can eventually contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The inhibitory effect of the copper(II) ion on amylin aggregation has been recently discovered, but details of the interaction remain unknown. Finding other more physiologically tolerated approaches requires large scale screening of potential inhibitors. In this paper, we demonstrate that LAESI-IMS-MS can reveal the binding stoichiometry, copper oxidation state, and the dissociation constant of human amylin–copper(II) complex. The conformations of hIAPP in the presence of copper(II) ions were also analyzed by IMS, and preferential association between the β-hairpin amylin monomer and the metal ion was found. The copper(II) ion exhibited strong association with the —HSSNN– residues of the amylin. In the absence of copper(II), amylin dimers were detected with collision cross sections consistent with monomers of β-hairpin conformation. When copper(II) was present in the solution, no dimers were detected. Thus, the copper(II) ions disrupt the association pathway to the formation of β-sheet rich amylin fibrils. Using LAESI-IMS-MS for the assessment of amylin–copper(II) interactions demonstrates the utility of this technique for the high-throughput screening of

  4. Synthesis and structure of a new copper(II) complex with 3,4'-bi-1,2,4-triazolate.

    PubMed

    Idouli, Y; Guédira, F; Rghioui, L; El Ammari, L; El Hajjaji, S; Zaydoun, S

    2011-01-01

    The salt diaquo-diammine-bis(3,4'-bi-1,2,4-triazolate) copper(II) of the formula [Cu(bTA-)2(NH3)2(H2O)2] has been synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. This complex adopts a monomeric structure. This monomer crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P1 with a=5.9657 Å; b=6.8975 Å; c=9.9892 Å; α=106.181°; β=97.868°; γ=90.800° and Z=1. The Cu atom is coordinated by two nitrogen atoms of two monodentate bitriazolate ligands, two nitrogen atoms of NH3 and two water molecules in a distorted octahedral geometry. The complex has been also characterized by elemental analysis and studied by electronic and vibrational spectroscopy. The obtained results are in good agreement with the structure determined by X-ray diffraction analysis.

  5. Kinetic study of the complex reaction between copper(II) and 2-(2'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)benzothiazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freinbichler, Wolfhardt; Soliman, Ahmed; Jameson, Reginald F.; Jameson, Guy N. L.; Linert, Wolfgang

    2009-09-01

    2-(2'-Hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)benzothiazole reacts with copper(II) in an ethanol/water mixture to form an O,S chelate which exhibits the remarkable property of changing the chelation site above a pH of ca. 5.0, to the O,N site. The detailed kinetics of this reaction in an ethanol/water mixture (3:1) at a temperature of 25 °C was investigated using a stopped-flow spectrophotometric technique employing a wavelength of 400 nm. The initial complex, Cu(O,S), is formed via a fast, reversible second-order complex formation step whereupon the formation of the Cu (O,N) follows first order kinetics. The Cu(O,N) complex is, however, unstable towards internal electron exchange and after the reaction is complete, a black polymeric material very slowly precipitates out of solution. Rate and equilibrium constants for the postulated reactions are presented and discussed.

  6. Copper(II) coordination polymers derived from triethanolamine and pyromellitic acid for bioinspired mild peroxidative oxidation of cyclohexane.

    PubMed

    Karabach, Yauhen Y; Kirillov, Alexander M; Haukka, Matti; Kopylovich, Maximilian N; Pombeiro, Armando J L

    2008-01-01

    The new inorganic 1D coordination polymer [Cu2(H3tea)2(mu4-pma)]n has been prepared, via self-assembly in aqueous medium, from copper(II) nitrate, triethanolamine (H3tea), pyromellitic acid (H4pma) and lithium hydroxide, and characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. This compound and the related 2D polymer [Cu2(mu-H2tea)(2){mu3-Na2(H2O)4}(mu6-pma)]n.10nH2O are shown to mimic the alkane partial oxidation activity of the multicopper particulate methane monooxygenase, acting as catalysts precursors for the peroxidative oxidation of cyclohexane into cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone, by hydrogen peroxide (as green oxidant) and at room temperature in acidic MeCN/H2O medium. An overall yield (based on cyclohexane) of 29% has been achieved.

  7. Copper(II) complexes of bis(amino amide) ligands: effect of changes in the amino acid residue.

    PubMed

    Martí, Inés; Ferrer, Armando; Escorihuela, Jorge; Burguete, M Isabel; Luis, Santiago V

    2012-06-14

    A family of ligands derived from bis(amino amides) containing aliphatic spacers has been prepared, and their protonation and stability constants for the formation of Cu(2+) complexes have been determined potentiometrically. Important differences are associated to both the length of the aliphatic spacer and the nature of the side chains derived from the amino acid. In general, ligands containing aliphatic side chains display higher basicities as well as stability constants with Cu(2+). In the same way, basicities and stability constants tend to increase when decreasing the steric hindrance caused by the corresponding side-chain. FT-IR, UV-vis and ESI-MS were used for analyzing the complex species detected in the speciation diagram. UV-vis studies showed the presence of different coordination environments for the copper(II) complexes. Complexes with different stoichiometries can be formed in some instances. This was clearly highlighted with the help of ESI-MS experiments.

  8. Adlayer structure of octa-alkoxy-substituted copper(II) phthalocyanine on Au(111) by electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Li; Ou-Yang, Liangyue; Yau, Shueh-Lin

    2008-01-01

    Electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (ECSTM) has been used to examine the adlayer of octa-alkoxy-substituted copper(II) phthalocyanines (CuPc(OC(8)H(17))(8)) on Au(111) in 0.1 M HClO(4), where the molecular adlayer was prepared by spontaneous adsorption from a benzene solution containing this molecule. Topography STM scans revealed long-range ordered, interweaved arrays of CuPc(OC(8)H(17))(8) with coexistent rectangular and hexagonal symmetries. High-quality STM molecular resolution yielded the internal molecular structure and the orientation of CuPc(OC(8)H(17))(8) admolecules. These STM results could shed insight into the method of generating ordered molecular assemblies of phthalocyanine molecules with long-chained substitutes on metal surface.

  9. Copper(II) complexes of N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine in aqueous solution: a thermodynamic and spectrophotometric study.

    PubMed

    Daniele, P G; De Stefano, C; Prenesti, E; Sammartano, S

    1997-12-19

    Copper(II) complexes with the herbicide N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine (glyphosate) have been investigated in aqueous solution by means of pH-metric measurements at different temperatures, 5

  10. Chiral bis(oxazoline) copper(II) complexes: versatile catalysts for enantioselective cycloaddition, Aldol, Michael, and carbonyl ene reactions.

    PubMed

    Johnson, J S; Evans, D A

    2000-06-01

    A bis(oxazoline) (box) copper(II) complex and its hydrated counterpart (1 and 2) function as enantioselective Lewis acid catalysts for carbocyclic and hetero Diels-Alder, aldol, Michael, ene, and amination reactions with substrates capable of chelation through six- and five-membered rings. X-ray crystallography of the chiral complexes reveals a propensity for the formation of distorted square planar or square pyramidal geometries. The sense of asymmetric induction is identical for all the processes catalyzed by [Cu((S,S)-t-Bu-box)](X)(2) complexes 1 and 2 (X = OTf and SbF) resulting from the intervention of a distorted square planar catalyst-substrate binary complex. These catalyzed processes exhibit excellent temperature-selectivity profiles. Reactions catalyzed by [Cu(S,S-Ph-pybox)](SbF(6))(2) and their derived chelation complexes are also discussed.

  11. Enhancing effect of DNA on chemiluminescence from the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by copper(II).

    PubMed

    Liu, Meilin; Li, Baoxin; Zhang, Zhujun; Lin, Jin-Ming

    2005-02-01

    In the absence of any special luminescence reagent, emission of weak chemiluminescence has been observed during the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by copper(II) in basic aqueous solution. The intensity of the chemiluminescence was greatly enhanced by addition of DNA and was strongly dependent on DNA concentration. Based on these phenomena, a flow-injection chemiluminescence method was established for determination of DNA. The chemiluminescence intensity was linear with DNA concentration in the range 2 x 10(-7)-1 x 10(-5) g L(-1) and the detection limit was 4.1 x 10(-8) g L(-1) (S/N=3). The relative standard deviation was less than 3.0% for 4 x 10(-7) g L(-1) DNA (n=11). The proposed method was satisfactorily applied for determination of DNA in synthetic samples. The possible mechanism of the CL reaction is discussed.

  12. Nickel(II) Complex of Polyhydroxybenzaldehyde N4-Thiosemicarbazone Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity by Inhibiting NF-κB Transactivation

    PubMed Central

    Loh, Sheng Wei; Looi, Chung Yeng; Hassandarvish, Pouya; Phan, Alicia Yi Ling; Wong, Won Fen; Wang, Hao; Paterson, Ian C.; Ea, Chee Kwee; Mustafa, Mohd Rais; Maah, Mohd Jamil

    2014-01-01

    Background The biological properties of thiosemicarbazone have been widely reported. The incorporation of some transition metals such as Fe, Ni and Cu to thiosemicarbazone complexes is known to enhance its biological effects. In this study, we incorporated nickel(II) ions into thiosemicarbazone with N4-substitution groups H3L (H; H3L1, CH3; H3L2, C6H5; H3L3 and C2H5; H3L4) and examined its potential anti-inflammatory activity. Methodology/Principal Findings Four ligands (1–4) and their respective nickel-containing complexes (5–8) were synthesized and characterized. The compounds synthesized were tested for their effects on NF-κB nuclear translocation, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and NF-κB transactivation activity. The active compound was further evaluated on its ability to suppress carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in vivo. A potential binding target of the active compound was also predicted by molecular docking analysis. Conclusions/Significance Among all synthesized compounds tested, we found that complex [Ni(H2L1)(PPh3)]Cl (5) (complex 5), potently inhibited IκBα degradation and NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells as well as TNFα-stimulated HeLa S3 cells. In addition, complex 5 significantly down-regulated LPS- or TNFα-induced transcription of NF-κB target genes, including genes that encode the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα, IFNβ and IL6. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that complex 5 inhibited the transactivation activity of NF-κB. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of complex 5 was also supported by its suppressive effect on carrageenan-induced paw edema formation in wild type C57BL/6 mice. Interestingly, molecular docking study showed that complex 5 potentially interact with the active site of IKKβ. Taken together, we suggest complex 5 as a novel NF-κB inhibitor with potent anti-inflammatory effects. PMID:24977407

  13. Dinuclear cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes with a Py2N4S2 macrocyclic ligand.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Cristina; Bastida, Rufina; Lezama, Luis; Macías, Alejandro; Pérez-Lourido, Paulo; Valencia, Laura

    2011-06-20

    The interaction between Co(II) and Cu(II) ions with a Py(2)N(4)S(2)-coordinating octadentate macrocyclic ligand (L) to afford dinuclear compounds has been investigated. The complexes were characterized by microanalysis, conductivity measurements, IR spectroscopy and liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry. The crystal structure of the compounds [H(4)L](NO(3))(4), [Cu(2)LCl(2)](NO(3))(2) (5), [Cu(2)L(NO(3))(2)](NO(3))(2) (6), and [Cu(2)L(μ-OH)](ClO(4))(3)·H(2)O (7) was also determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The [H(4)L](4+) cation crystal structure presents two different conformations, planar and step, with intermolecular face-to-face π,π-stacking interactions between the pyridinic rings. Complexes 5 and 6 show the metal ions in a slightly distorted square-pyramidal coordination geometry. In the case of complex 7, the crystal structure presents the two metal ions joined by a μ-hydroxo bridge and the Cu(II) centers in a slightly distorted square plane or a tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry, taking into account weak interactions in axial positions. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy is in accordance with the dinuclear nature of the complexes, with an octahedral environment for the cobalt(II) compounds and square-pyramidal or tetragonally elongated octahedral geometries for the copper(II) compounds. The magnetic behavior is consistent with the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions between the ions for cobalt(II) and copper(II) complexes, while for the Co(II) ones, this behavior could also be explained by spin-orbit coupling.

  14. Reactivity of dinuclear copper(II) complexes towards melanoma cells: Correlation with its stability, tyrosinase mimicking and nuclease activity.

    PubMed

    Nunes, Cléia Justino; Borges, Beatriz Essenfelder; Nakao, Lia Sumie; Peyroux, Eugénie; Hardré, Renaud; Faure, Bruno; Réglier, Marius; Giorgi, Michel; Prieto, Marcela Bach; Oliveira, Carla Columbano; Da Costa Ferreira, Ana M

    2015-08-01

    In this work, the influence of two new dinuclear copper(II) complexes in the viability of melanoma cells (B16F10 and TM1MNG3) was investigated, with the aim of verifying possible correlations between their cytotoxicity and their structure. One of the complexes had a polydentate dinucleating amine-imine ligand (complex 2), and the other a tridentate imine and a diamine-bridging ligand (complex 4). The analogous mononuclear copper(II) species (complexes 1 and 3, respectively) were also prepared for comparative studies. Crystal structure determination of complex 2 indicated a square-based pyramidal geometry around each copper, coordinated to three N atoms from the ligand and the remaining sites being occupied by either solvent molecules or counter-ions. Complex 4 has a tetragonal geometry. Interactions of these complexes with human albumin protein (HSA) allowed an estimation of their relative stabilities. Complementary studies of their reactivity towards DNA indicated that all of them are able of causing significant oxidative damage, with single and double strand cleavages, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. However, nuclease activity of the dinuclear species was very similar and much higher than that of the corresponding mononuclear compounds. Although complex 2, with a more flexible structure, exhibits a much higher tyrosinase activity than complex 4, having a more rigid environment around the metal ion, both complexes showed comparable cytotoxicity towards melanoma cells. Corresponding mononuclear complexes showed to be remarkably less reactive as tyrosinase mimics as well as cytotoxic agents. Moreover, the dinuclear complexes showed higher cytotoxicity towards more melanogenic cells. The obtained results indicated that the structure of these species is decisive for its activity towards the malignant tumor cells tested.

  15. A new approach for crystallization of copper(ii) oxide hollow nanostructures with superior catalytic and magnetic response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Inderjeet; Landfester, Katharina; Chandra, Amreesh; Muñoz-Espí, Rafael

    2015-11-01

    We report the synthesis of copper(ii) oxide hollow nanostructures at ambient pressure and close to room temperature by applying the soft templating effect provided by the confinement of droplets in miniemulsion systems. Particle growth can be explained by considering a mechanism that involves both diffusion and reaction control. The catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenol in aqueous media is used as a model reaction to prove the catalytic activity of the materials: the synthesized hollow structures show nearly 100 times higher rate constants than solid CuO microspheres. The kinetic behavior and the order of the reduction reaction change due to the increase of the surface area of the hollow structures. The synthesis also leads to modification of physical properties such as magnetism.We report the synthesis of copper(ii) oxide hollow nanostructures at ambient pressure and close to room temperature by applying the soft templating effect provided by the confinement of droplets in miniemulsion systems. Particle growth can be explained by considering a mechanism that involves both diffusion and reaction control. The catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenol in aqueous media is used as a model reaction to prove the catalytic activity of the materials: the synthesized hollow structures show nearly 100 times higher rate constants than solid CuO microspheres. The kinetic behavior and the order of the reduction reaction change due to the increase of the surface area of the hollow structures. The synthesis also leads to modification of physical properties such as magnetism. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Associated structural and morphological analysis, XPS characterization, BET surface area, catalytic measurements, recycle tests of the catalyst, and magnetic characterizations. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr05579b

  16. Mixed-ligand copper(II) phenolate complexes: Synthesis, spectral characterization, phosphate-hydrolysis, antioxidant, DNA interaction and cytotoxic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurumoorthy, Perumal; Mahendiran, Dharmasivam; Prabhu, Durai; Arulvasu, Chinnasamy; Rahiman, Aziz Kalilur

    2015-01-01

    A series of phenol-based mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes of the type [CuL1-4(diimine)] (1-8), where L1-4 = N1,N2-bis(5-substituted-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,2-ethylene/phenylenediimine and diimine = 2,2‧-bipyridyl (bpy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), have been isolated and fully characterized by analytical and spectral techniques. Electronic spectra of complexes suggest Cu(II) cation has a d9 electronic configuration, adopting distorted octahedral geometry with axial elongation, due to Jahn-Teller effect. Electrochemical studies of complexes evidenced one-electron irreversible reduction wave in the cathodic region. The observed rate constant (k) values for the hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenylphosphate (4-NPP) are in the range of 0.25-3.82 × 10-2 min-1. The obtained room temperature magnetic moment values (1.79-1.90 BM) lies within the range observed for octahedral copper(II) complexes. Antioxidant studies revealed that these complexes possess considerable radical scavenging potency against DPPH. The binding studies of complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) revealed intercalation with minor-groove binding, and the complex 4 exhibits highest binding activity than the other complexes. The cleavage activity on supercoiled pBR322 DNA revealed the involvement of hydroxyl radical and singlet-oxygen as reactive oxygen species, and complexes encourage binding to minor-groove. Further, the cytotoxicity of complex 4 on human hepatocellular liver carcinoma HepG2 cell line implies the cell death through apoptosis.

  17. Peculiar reactivity of a di-imine copper(II) complex regarding its binding to albumin protein.

    PubMed

    Silveira, Vivian C; Abbott, Mariana P; Cavicchioli, Maurício; Gonçalves, Marcos B; Petrilli, Helena M; de Rezende, Leandro; Amaral, Antonia T; Fonseca, David E P; Caramori, Giovanni F; Ferreira, Ana M da Costa

    2013-05-14

    A set of four di-imine copper(II) complexes containing pyridine, pyrazine and/or imidazole moieties, [Cu(apyhist)H2O](2+) 1 (apyhist = 2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-N-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)ethanamine), [Cu(apzhist)OH](+) 2 (apzhist = 2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-N-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethylidene)ethanamine), [Cu(apyepy)OH](+) 3 (apyepy = 2-(pyridin-2-yl)-N-(1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene)ethanamine), and [Cu(apzepy)H2O](2+) 4 (apzepy = N-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethylidene)-2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethanamine), were investigated regarding their capability of interacting with serum albumin (human, HSA and bovine, BSA), by using spectroscopic techniques, CD, UV/Vis and EPR. Like other similar di-imine copper(II) complexes, most of them showed an expected preferential insertion of the metal ion at the primary N-terminal site of the protein, very selective for copper and characterized by a CD band at 560 nm. Further insertion of the copper ion at a secondary site is expected when using an excess of the metal. However, one of these studied complexes, [Cu(apyhist)H2O](2+) 1, exhibited anomalous behaviour interacting only at this secondary metal binding site of albumin, characterized by a CD band at 370 nm, and attributed to the coordination of copper at the Cys34 pocket. Analogous experiments with HSA previously treated with N-ethyl-maleimide (NEM), that oxidizes the protein Cys34 residue and obstructs the metal coordination, verified these results. Additional data obtained by EPR spectroscopy complemented those results. DFT calculations, considering some structural and electronic characteristics of such series of di-imine ligands and of the corresponding copper complexes, suggested molecular recognition of the apyhist ligand at the protein cavity as a feasible explanation for this unexpected and peculiar behaviour of complex 1.

  18. Copper(II)-8-hydroxquinoline coprecipitation system for preconcentration and separation of cobalt(II) and manganese(II) in real samples.

    PubMed

    Soylak, Mustafa; Kaya, Betul; Tuzen, Mustafa

    2007-08-25

    A separation-preconcentration procedure based on the coprecipitation of cobalt(II) and manganese(II) ions with copper(II)-8-hydroxquinoline system has been developed. The analytical parameters including pH, amount of copper(II) as carrier element, amount of 8-hydroxquinoline, sample volume, etc., was investigated for the quantitative recoveries of Co(II) and Mn(II). No interferic effects were observed from the concomitant ions which are present in real samples. The detection limits for analyte ions by three sigma criteria were 0.86microgL(-1) for cobalt and 0.98microgL(-1) for manganese. The validation of the presented preconcentration procedure was performed by the analysis of NIST SRM 2711 Montana soil and GBW 07605 Tea certified reference materials. The procedure presented was applied to the analyte contents of real samples including natural waters and some food samples with successfully analytical results.

  19. Bifunctional cyclam-based ligands with phosphorus acid pendant moieties for radiocopper separation: thermodynamic and kinetic studies.

    PubMed

    Paúrová, Monika; Havlíčková, Jana; Pospíšilová, Aneta; Vetrík, Miroslav; Císařová, Ivana; Stephan, Holger; Pietzsch, Hans-Jürgen; Hrubý, Martin; Hermann, Petr; Kotek, Jan

    2015-03-16

    Two macrocyclic ligands based on cyclam with trans-disposed N-methyl and N-(4-aminobenzyl) substituents as well as two methylphosphinic (H2L1) or methylphosphonic (H4L2) acid pendant arms were synthesised and investigated in solution. The ligands form stable complexes with transition metal ions. Both ligands show high thermodynamic selectivity for divalent copper over nickel(II) and zinc(II)-K(CuL) is larger than K(Ni/ZnL) by about seven orders of magnitude. Complexation is significantly faster for the phosphonate ligand H4L2, probably due to the stronger coordination ability of the more basic phosphonate groups, which efficiently bind the metal ion in an "out-of-cage" complex and thus accelerate its "in-cage" binding. The rate of Cu(II) complexation by the phosphinate ligand H2L1 is comparable to that of cyclam itself and its derivatives with non-coordinating substituents. Acid-assisted decomplexation of the copper(II) complexes is relatively fast (τ1/2 = 44 and 42 s in 1 M aq. HClO4 at 25 °C for H2L1 and H4L2, respectively). This combination of properties is convenient for selective copper removal/purification. Thus, the title ligands were employed in the preparation of ion-selective resins for radiocopper(II) separation. Glycidyl methacrylate copolymer beads were modified with the ligands through a diazotisation reaction. The separation ability of the modified polymers was tested with cold copper(II) and non-carrier-added (64)Cu in the presence of a large excess of both nickel(II) and zinc(II). The experiments exhibited high overall separation efficiency leading to 60-70% recovery of radiocopper with high selectivity over the other metal ions, which were originally present in 900-fold molar excess. The results showed that chelating resins with properly tuned selectivity of their complexing moieties can be employed for radiocopper separation.

  20. Visible-light-induced water oxidation by a hybrid photocatalyst consisting of bismuth vanadate and copper(II) meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin.

    PubMed

    Nakashima, Shu; Negishi, Ryo; Tada, Hiroaki

    2016-03-04

    Copper(II) meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin surface-modified monoclinic scheelite bismuth vanadate (CuTCPP/BiVO4) has been synthesized via a two-step route involving chemisorption of TCPP on BiVO4 and successive Cu(II) ion incorporation into the TCPP, and the surface modification drastically enhances the water oxidation to oxygen (O2) under visible-light irradiation (λ > 430 nm).

  1. Ternary complexes of copper(II) and cobalt(II) involving nitrite/pyrazole and tetradentate N4-coordinate ligand: Synthesis, characterization, structures and antimicrobial activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solanki, Ankita; Sadhu, Mehul H.; Kumar, Sujit Baran

    2015-12-01

    Five new mononuclear mixed ligand complexes of the type [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [M(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4, [M(pz) (dbdmp)](ClO4)2 where M = Cu(II) and Co(II), pz = 3,5-dimethylpyrazole and dbdmp = N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine have been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopy studies. The crystal structures of three copper(II) complexes [Cu(NCCH3)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2, [Cu(ONO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 and [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Structural analyses reveal the geometry of [Cu(pz)(dbdmp)](ClO4)2 is distorted square pyramidal and other two copper(II) complexes have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. Molecular composition of cobalt(II) complexes have been determined by mass spectral data. The EPR spectra of copper(II) complexes in frozen acetonitrile solution exhibit axial spectra, characteristic of dx2-y2 ground state. Electrochemical studies of copper(II) complexes using glassy carbon as working electrode in acetonitrile solution show Cu(II)/Cu(I) couple with quasi reversible electron transfer versus Ag/Ag+ reference electrode. Antimicrobial activity of all the synthesized complexes were investigated against two Gram positive and two Gram negative bacterial strains.

  2. Flow injection spectrophotometric determination of sub-mg dm(-3) silver(I) in a strongly acidic solution containing concentrated copper(II) using a pyridylazo reagent.

    PubMed

    Fujimura, Kazuyoshi; Odake, Tamao; Takiguchi, Hiromi; Watanabe, Noriyuki; Sawada, Tsuguo

    2011-01-01

    A novel spectrophotometric flow injection method for determination of silver(I) in a strongly acidic solution containing concentrated copper(II) was developed using a coloring ligand, 4-(3,5-dibromo-2-pyridylazo)-N-ethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)aniline (3,5-diBr-PAESA). The method was first investigated by batch method. The interference from copper(II) chelate could be eliminated by the masking effect of EDTA. By utilizing the large formation constant (K = 12.3) of AgBr, one could determine silver(I) as a decrease of absorption by silver(I) chelate due to formation of AgBr by addition of KBr. Based on the results of batch experiments, two types of flow injection analysis (FIA) systems were constructed. Sub-mg dm(-3) determination of silver(I) was attained without interference from excess copper(II). The proposed method was successfully applied to determination of silver in a copper plating solution used in a plant to manufacture copper printed circuit boards, where the concentration of silver was critically important in the process control.

  3. Interaction of copper(II) complex of compartmental Schiff base ligand N,N'-bis(3-hydroxysalicylidene)ethylenediamine with bovine serum albumin.

    PubMed

    Boghaei, Davar M; Farvid, Shokouh S; Gharagozlou, Mehrnaz

    2007-03-01

    Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) were used to investigate the interaction between copper(II) complex of compartmental Schiff base ligand (L), N,N'-bis(3-hydroxysalicylidene)ethylenediamine, and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in 0.1 mol dm(-3) phosphate buffer solution adjusted to physiological pH 7.0 containing 20% (w/w) dimethylsulfoxide at room temperature. CD spectra show that the interaction of the copper(II) complex with BSA leads to changes in the alpha-helical content of BSA and therefore changes in secondary structure of the protein with the slight red shift (2 nm) in CD spectra. From the voltammetric data, i.e. changes in limiting current with addition of BSA, the binding constant (K) of the interaction of copper(II) complex with BSA was found to be 1.96 x 10(4)dm(3)mol(-1). From the shifts in potential with the addition of BSA, the equilibrium constant ratio (K(2)/K(1)) for the binding of the oxidized Cu(II)L (K(1)) and reduced Cu(I)L (K(2)) species to BSA was found to be 3.77, which shows that the reduced form Cu(I)L is bound more strongly to BSA than the oxidized form Cu(II)L.

  4. Simultaneous and sensitive analysis of aliphatic carboxylic acids by ion-chromatography using on-line complexation with copper(II) ion.

    PubMed

    Kemmei, Tomoko; Kodama, Shuji; Yamamoto, Atsushi; Inoue, Yoshinori; Hayakawa, Kazuichi

    2015-01-02

    A new approach to ion chromatography is proposed to improve the UV detection of aliphatic carboxylic acids separated by anion-exchange chromatography. When copper(II) ion added to the mobile phase, it forms complexes with carboxylic acids that can be detected at 240 nm. The absorbance was found to increase with increasing copper(II) ion concentration. The retention times of α-hydroxy acids were also found to depend on the copper(II) ion concentration. Addition of acetonitrile to the mobile phase improved the separation of aliphatic carboxylic acids. The detection limits of the examined carboxylic acids (formate, glycolate, acetate, lactate, propionate, 3-hydroxypropionate, n-butyrate, isobutyrate, n-valerate, isovalerate, n-caproate) calculated at S/N=3 ranged from 0.06 to 3 μM. The detector signal was linear over three orders of magnitude of carboxylic acid concentration. The proposed method was successfully applied to analyze aliphatic carboxylic acids in rainwater and bread.

  5. Copper(II) complexes with highly water-soluble L- and D-proline-thiosemicarbazone conjugates as potential inhibitors of Topoisomerase IIα.

    PubMed

    Bacher, Felix; Enyedy, Éva A; Nagy, Nóra V; Rockenbauer, Antal; Bognár, Gabriella M; Trondl, Robert; Novak, Maria S; Klapproth, Erik; Kiss, Tamás; Arion, Vladimir B

    2013-08-05

    Two proline-thiosemicarbazone bioconjugates with excellent aqueous solubility, namely, 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone [L-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L] and 3-methyl-(R)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone [D-Pro-FTSC or (R)-H2L], have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The complexation behavior of L-Pro-FTSC with copper(II) in an aqueous solution and in a 30% (w/w) dimethyl sulfoxide/water mixture has been studied via pH potentiometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry, electron paramagnetic resonance, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, and spectrofluorimetry. By the reaction of copper(II) acetate with (S)-H2L and (R)-H2L in water, the complexes [Cu(S,R)-L] and [Cu(R,S)-L] have been synthesized and comprehensively characterized. An X-ray diffraction study of [Cu(S,R)-L] showed the formation of a square-pyramidal complex, with the bioconjugate acting as a pentadentate ligand. Both copper(II) complexes displayed antiproliferative activity in CH1 ovarian carcinoma cells and inhibited Topoisomerase IIα activity in a DNA plasmid relaxation assay.

  6. Affinity, speciation, and molecular features of copper(II) complexes with a prion tetraoctarepeat domain in aqueous solution: insights into old and new results.

    PubMed

    Di Natale, Giuseppe; Ősz, Katalin; Kállay, Csilla; Pappalardo, Giuseppe; Sanna, Daniele; Impellizzeri, Giuseppe; Sóvágó, Imre; Rizzarelli, Enrico

    2013-03-11

    Characterization of the copper(II) complexes formed with the tetraoctarepeat peptide at low and high metal-to-ligand ratios and in a large pH range, would provide a breakthrough in the interpretation of biological relevance of the different metal complexes of copper(II)-tetraoctarepeat system. In the present work, the potentiometric, UV/Vis, circular dichroism (CD), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies were carried out on copper(II) complexes with a PEG-ylated derivative of the tetraoctarepeats peptide sequence (Ac-PEG27 -(PHGGGWGQ)4 -NH2 ) and the peptide Ac-(PHGGGWGQ)2 -NH2 . Conjugation of tetraoctarepeat peptide sequence with polyethyleneglycol improved the solubility of the copper(II) complexes. The results enable a straightforward explanation of the conflicting results originated from the underestimation of all metal-ligand equilibria and the ensuing speciation. A complete and reliable speciation is therefore obtained with the released affinity and binding details of the main complexes species formed in aqueous solution. The results contribute to clarify the discrepancies of several studies in which the authors ascribe the redox activity of copper(II)-tetraoctarepeat system considering only the average effects of several coexisting species with very different stoichiometries and binding modes.

  7. Synthesis, spectral characterization, DNA binding ability and antibacterial screening of copper(II) complexes of symmetrical NOON tetradentate Schiff bases bearing different bridges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahaffi, Saleh O.; Abdel Aziz, Ayman A.; El-Naggar, Maher M.

    2012-08-01

    A novel series of four copper(II) complexes were synthesized by thermal reaction of copper acetate salt with symmetrical tetradentate Schiff bases, N,N'bis(o-vanillin)4,5-dimethyl-l,2-phenylenediamine (H2L1), N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L2), N,N'bis(o-vanillin)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L3) and N,N'bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L4), respectively. All the new synthesized complexes were characterized by using of microanalysis, FT-IR, UV-Vis, magnetic measurements, ESR, and conductance measurements, respectively. The data revealed that all the Schiff bases (H2L1-4) coordinate in their deprotonated forms and behave as tetradentate NOON coordinated ligands. Moreover, their copper(II) complexes have square planar geometry with general formula [CuL1-4]. The binding of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, fluorescence quenching and viscosity measurements. The results indicated that the complexes bind to CT-DNA through an intercalative mode. From the biological activity view, the copper(II) complexes and their parent ligands were screened for their in vitro antibacterial activity against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosai by well diffusion method. The complexes showed an increased activity in comparison to some standard drugs.

  8. Antioxidant, DNA binding and nuclease activities of heteroleptic copper(II) complexes derived from 2-((2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethylimino)methyl)-4-substituted phenols and diimines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ravichandran, J.; Gurumoorthy, P.; Imran Musthafa, M. A.; Kalilur Rahiman, A.

    2014-12-01

    A series of heteroleptic copper(II) complexes of the type [CuL1-4(diimine)](ClO4)2 (1-8) [L1-4 = 2-((2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethylimino)methyl)-4-substituted phenols, and diimine = 2,2‧-bipyridyl (bpy) or 1,10-phenanthroline (phen)], have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods. The IR spectra of complexes indicate the presence of uncoordinated perchlorate anions and the electronic spectra revealed the square pyramidal geometry with N4O coordination environment around copper(II) nuclei. Electrochemical studies of the mononuclear complexes evidenced one-electron irreversible reduction wave in the cathodic region. The EPR spectra of complexes with g|| (2.206-2.214) and A|| (154-172 × 10-4 cm-1) values support the square-based CuN3O coordination chromophore and the presence of unpaired electron localized in dx-y ground state. Antioxidant studies against DPPH revealed effective radical scavenging properties of the synthesized complexes. Binding studies suggest that the heteroleptic copper(II) complexes interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through minor-groove and electrostatic interaction, and all the complexes display pronounced nuclease activity against supercoiled pBR322 DNA.

  9. Investigation of simultaneous biosorption of copper(II) and chromium(VI) on dried Chlorella vulgaris from binary metal mixtures: Application of multicomponent adsorption isotherms

    SciTech Connect

    Aksu, Z.; Acikel, U.; Kutsal, T.

    1999-02-01

    Although the biosorption of single metal ions to various kinds of microorganisms has been extensively studied and the adsorption isotherms have been developed for only the single metal ion situation, very little attention has been given to the bioremoval and expression of adsorption isotherms of multimetal ions systems. In this study the simultaneous biosorption of copper(II) and chromium(VI) to Chlorella vulgaris from a binary metal mixture was studied and compared with the single metal ion situation in a batch stirred system. The effects of pH and single- and dual-metal ion concentrations on the equilibrium uptakes were investigated. In previous studies the optimum biosorption pH had been determined as 4.0 for copper(II) and as 2.0 for chromium(VI). Multimetal ion biosorption studies were performed at these two pH values. It was observed that the equilibrium uptakes of copper(II) or chromium(VI) ions were changed due to the biosorption pH and the presence of other metal ions. Adsorption isotherms were developed for both single- and dual-metal ions systems at these two pH values, and expressed by the mono- and multicomponent Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. Model parameters were estimated by nonlinear regression. It was seen that the adsorption equilibrium data fitted very well to the competitive Freundlich model in the concentration ranges studied.

  10. Copper(II) complex of new non-innocent O-aminophenol-based ligand as biomimetic model for galactose oxidase enzyme in aerobic oxidation of alcohols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safaei, Elham; Bahrami, Hadiseh; Pevec, Andrej; Kozlevčar, Bojan; Jagličić, Zvonko

    2017-04-01

    Mononuclear copper(II) complex of tetra-dentate o-aminophenol-based ligand (H2LBAPP) has been synthesized and characterized. The three dentate precursor (HLBAP) of the final ligand was synthesized first, while the title four-dentate copper bound ligand was synthesized in situ, isolated only in the final copper species [CuLBAPP]. This copper coordination complex reveals a distorted square-planar geometry around the copper(II) centre by one oxygen and three nitrogen atoms from the coordinating ligand. The ligand is thus twice deprotonated via hydroxy and amine groups. The complex is red, non-typical for copper(II), but the effective magnetic moment of 1.86 B M. and a single isotropic symmetry EPR signal with g 2.059 confirm a S = 1/2 diluted spin system, without copper-copper magnetic coupling. Electrochemical oxidation of this complex yields the corresponding Cu(II)-phenyl radical species. Finally, the title complex CuLBAPP has shown good and selective catalytic activity towards alcohol to aldehyde oxidation, at aerobic room temperature conditions, for a set of different alcohols.

  11. Insight into the gas-phase structure of a copper(II) L-histidine complex, the agent used to treat Menkes disease.

    PubMed

    Ziegler, Blake E; Marta, Richard A; Burt, Michael B; McMahon, Terry B

    2014-03-03

    Copper(II) L-histidine is used in the treatment of a rare neurological disease called Menkes disease. An infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) vibrational spectrum of the gas-phase copper(II) L-histidine complex has been obtained. This spectrum was compared to lowest-energy computational spectra obtained at the B3LYP/6-311+G** level of theory. Two species, CuHis1 and CuHis2, are very close in Gibbs free energy, and both have computed vibrational spectra in good agreement with the experimentally observed IRMPD spectrum. The first structure exhibits four histidine-copper interactions in the same plane and a fifth out-of-plane interaction. The second structure exhibits four histidine-copper interactions in the same plane. The fact that the experimental and computational spectra are found to be in good agreement adds considerable insight into the gas-phase structure of the copper(II) L-histidine complex.

  12. Self-Assembly, Structures, and Magnetic Properties of Ladder-Like Copper(II) Coordination Polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Min, Kil Sik; Suh, Myunghyun Paik

    2000-06-01

    Two novel ladder-like copper(II) compounds, [Cu2(histamine)2(C2O4)(ClO4)2] (1) and [Cu2(histamine)2(C2O4)(H2O)2(NO3)2] (2), are prepared. Compound 1 crystallizes in the triclinic space group Poverline1, with a=7.450(4) Å, b=7.519(7) Å, c=9.646(5) Å, α=85.78(7)°, β=88.60(4)°, γ=76.78(7)°, V=524.5(6) Å3, and Z=1 with R=0.0789 (all data). In 1, the dinuclear units of [Cu2(histamine)2(C2O4)]2+ are linked together by the perchlorate anions to form a ladder-like chain. The chains interact each other by the π-π stacking interactions via the imidazole groups. Compound 2 crystallizes in the triclinic space group Poverline1, with a=7.579(2) Å, b=8.133(1) Å, c=9.161(3) Å, α=77.06(2)°, β=89.23(2)°, γ=82.54(1)°, V=545.6(2) Å3, and Z=1 with R=0.0751 (all data). In 2, each dinuclear unit [Cu2(histamine)2(C2O4)]2+ is coordinated with a nitrate anion and a water molecule, and they are held together by the hydrogen bonding interactions to form a ladder-like chain. The magnetic susceptibility data of 1 and 2 measured in 2-300 K provide the magnetic parameters, g=2.08, J=-166 cm-1, J‧=6.46 cm-1, ρ=0.0026, Nα=155×10-6 cm3 mol-1, and R=1.03×10-3 (g=2.05, J=-162 cm-1, J‧=10.5 cm-1, ρ=0.0029, and R=2.95×10-3 with the fixed value of Nα=120×10-6 cm3 mol-1) for 1 and g=2.00, J=-158 cm-1, J‧=26.5 cm-1, ρ=0.0020, Nα=136×10-6 cm3 mol-1, and R=7.31×10-4 (g=2.01, J=-157 cm-1, J‧=25.0 cm-1, ρ=0.0021, and R=1.32×10-3 with the fixed value of Nα=120×10-6 cm3 mol-1) for 2. These indicate that very strong antiferromagnetic interactions occur along the rungs of the ladder via the oxalate bridge and weak ferromagnetic interactions along the chains.

  13. Octanuclear and nonanuclear supramolecular copper(II) complexes with linear "tritopic" ligands: structural and magnetic studies.

    PubMed

    Milway, Victoria A; Niel, Virginie; Abedin, Tareque S M; Xu, Zhiqiang; Thompson, Laurence K; Grove, Hilde; Miller, David O; Parsons, Stewart R

    2004-03-22

    The structures and magnetic properties of self-assembled copper(II) clusters and grids with the "tritopic" ligands 2poap (a), Cl2poap (b), m2poap (c), Cl2pomp (d), and 2pomp (e) are described [ligands derived by reaction of 4-R-2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic hydrazide (R = H, Cl, MeO) with 2-pyridinemethylimidate (a-c, respectively) or 2-acetylpyridine (d, R = Cl; e, R = H)]. Cl2poap and Cl2pomp self-assemble with Cu(NO(3))(2) to form octanuclear "pinwheel" cluster complexes [Cu(8)(Cl2poap-2H)(4)(NO(3))(8)].20H(2)O (1) and [Cu(8)(Cl2pomp-2H)(4)(NO(3))(8)].15H(2)O (2), built on a square [2 x 2] grid with four pendant copper arms, using "mild" reaction conditions. Similar reactions of Cl2pomp and 2pomp with Cu(ClO(4))(2) produce pinwheel clusters [Cu(8)(Cl2pomp-2H)(4)(H(2)O)(8)](ClO(4))(8).7H(2)O (3) and [Cu(8)(2pomp-2H)(4)(H(2)O)(8)](ClO(4))(8) (4), respectively. Heating a solution of 1 in MeOH/H(2)O produces a [3 x 3] nonanuclear square grid complex, [Cu(9)(Cl2poap-H)(3)(Cl2poap-2H)(3)](NO(3))(9).18H(2)O (5), which is also produced by direct reaction of the ligand and metal salt under similar conditions. Reaction of m2poap with Cu(NO(3))(2) produces only the [3 x 3] grid [Cu(9)(m2poap-H)(2)(m2poap-2H)(4)](NO(3))(8).17H(2)O (6) under similar conditions. Mixing the tritopic ligand 2poap with pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (picd) in the presence of Cu(NO(3))(2) produces a remarkable mixed ligand, nonanuclear grid complex [Cu(9)(2poap-H)(4)(picd-H)(3)(picd-2H)](NO(3))(9).9H(2)O (7), in which aromatic pi-stacking interactions are important in stabilizing the structure. Complexes 1-3 and 5-7 involve single oxygen atom (alkoxide) bridging connections between adjacent copper centers, while complex 4 has an unprecedented mixed micro-(N-N) and micro-O metal ion connectivity. Compound 1 (C(76)H(92)N(44)Cu(8)O(50)Cl(4)) crystallizes in the tetragonal system, space group I, with a = 21.645(1) A, c = 12.950(1) A, and Z = 2. Compound 2 (C(84)H(88)N(36)O(44)Cl(4)Cu(8)) crystallizes in

  14. Electrosynthesis of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs)Based on Nickel(II) and Benzene 1,3,5-Tri Carboxylic Acid (H3BTC): An Optimization Reaction Condition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lestari, W. W.; Winarni, I. D.; Rahmawati, F.

    2017-02-01

    Electrosynthesis of metal-organic frameworks based on nickel(II) and benzen 1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (H3BTC) to form [Ni3(BTC)2] has been conducted. This study aims to determine the optimum electro-synthetic conditions of [Ni3(BTC)2] by varying the solvents, electrolytes, as well as the voltages. The optimum condition was determined based on the percent yield of the product which upon washing and drying at room temperature showed pale green precipitate. The materialhas high crystallinityaccording to XRD analysis with the main peak observed at 2θ 19° and 28° and appropriate with [Ni3(BTC)2] pattern (CCDC No. 1274034). The refinement results using Le Bail methods revealed the Rp and Rwp values are 3.29% and 3.47%, respectively. The coordination between nickel(II) and carboxylate moeties of the linker has been characterized using FTIR and showed significant shift from 1723 cm-1 to 1608 cm-1. The compound has thermal stability up to 400 °C according to TG/DTA analysis. The SEM analysis confirmed that compound has morphology nanoplates shape with a thickness of 75 ± 0.023 nm. Another interesting feature of the obtained material is the occupancy of the reversible frameworks, which proved after methanol absorption. The optimum condition of the electro-synthesis of [Ni3(BTC)2] achieved in the methanol with TBATFB (0.1 M) as electrolyte, and the voltage of 15 V at room temperature with a yield of 99.99%.

  15. Crystal structure of a binuclear nickel(II) complex constructed of 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline and doubly deprotonated benzene-1,3,5-tri­carb­oxy­lic acid

    PubMed Central

    Lv, Ying; Hao, Xiang-Rong

    2015-01-01

    The title complex, [Ni2(C9H4O6)2(C13H8N4)2(H2O)4]·2H2O, bis­(μ-5-carb­oxy­benzene-1,3-di­carboxyl­ato-κ2 O 1:O 1′)bis­[di­aqua(1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline-κ2 N 7,N 8)nickel(II)] di­hydrate, was obtained under solvothermal conditions by the reaction of benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (H3BTC) with Ni(NO3)2 in the presence of 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline (IP). The crystal has triclinic (P-1) symmetry with a centrosymmetric binuclear nickel(II) cluster. The NiII atom is coordinated by two N atoms from a chelating 1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline ligand, two carboxyl­ate O atoms from two 5-carb­oxy­benzene-1,3-di­carboxyl­ate ligands and two water mol­ecules in a slightly distorted octa­hedral geometry. Two carboxyl­ate groups bridge two NiII cations, forming the binuclear complex. Extensive N—H⋯O, O—H⋯O and O—H⋯N hydrogen bonding is present in the crystal structure, forming a three-dimensional supermolecular framework. Weak π–π stacking is observed between parallel HBTC2− and IP ring systems, the face-to-face separation being 3.695 (2) Å. PMID:26029419

  16. Copper(II) imidazolate frameworks as highly efficient photocatalysts for reduction of CO{sub 2} into methanol under visible light irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jingtian; Luo, Deliang; Yang, Chengju; He, Shiman; Chen, Shangchao; Lin, Jiawei; Zhu, Li; Li, Xin

    2013-07-15

    Three copper(II) imidazolate frameworks were synthesized by a hydrothermal (or precipitation) reaction. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–vis), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), thermogravimetry (TG). Meanwhile, the photocatalytic activities of the samples for reduction of CO{sub 2} into methanol and degradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation were also investigated. The results show that the as-prepared samples exhibit better photocatalytic activities for the reduction of carbon dioxide into methanol with water and degradation of MB under visible light irradiation. The orthorhombic copper(II) imidazolate frameworks with a band gap of 2.49 eV and green (G) color has the best photocatalytic activity for reduction of CO{sub 2} into methanol, 1712.7 μmol/g over 5 h, which is about three times as large as that of monoclinic copper(II) imidazolate frameworks with a band gap 2.70 eV and blue (J) color. The degradation kinetics of MB over three photocatalysts fitted well to the apparent first-order rate equation and the apparent rate constants for the degradation of MB over G, J and P (with pink color) are 0.0038, 0.0013 and 0.0016 min{sup −1}, respectively. The synergistic effects of smallest band gap and orthorhombic crystal phase structure are the critical factors for the better photocatalytic activities of G. Moreover, three frameworks can also be stable up to 250 °C. The investigation of Cu-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks maybe provide a design strategy for a new class of photocatalysts applied in degradation of contaminations, reduction of CO{sub 2}, and even water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen under visible light. - Graphical abstract: Carbon dioxide was reduced into methanol with water over copper(II) imidazolate frameworks under visible light irradiation. - Highlights: • Three copper(II

  17. H2O2-reactivity of copper(II) complexes supported by tris[(pyridin-2-yl)methyl]amine ligands with 6-phenyl substituents.

    PubMed

    Kunishita, Atsushi; Kubo, Minoru; Ishimaru, Hirohito; Ogura, Takashi; Sugimoto, Hideki; Itoh, Shinobu

    2008-12-15

    The structure and H(2)O(2)-reactivity of a series of copper(II) complexes supported by tris[(pyridin-2-yl)methyl]amine (TPA) derivatives having a phenyl group at the 6-position of pyridine donor group(s) [(6-phenylpyridin-2-yl)methyl]bis[(pyridin-2-yl)methyl]amine (Ph(1)TPA), bis[(6-phenylpyridin-2-yl)methyl][(pyridin-2-yl)methyl]amine (Ph(2)TPA), and tris[(6-phenylpyridin-2-yl)methyl]amine (Ph(3)TPA) have systematically been examined to get insights into the aromatic substituent (6-Ph) effects on the coordination chemistry of TPA ligand system. The X-ray crystallographic analyses have revealed that [Cu(II)(TPA)(CH(3)CN)](ClO(4))(2) (CuTPA) and [Cu(II)(Ph(3)TPA)(CH(3)CN)](ClO(4))(2) (3) exhibit a trigonal bipyramidal structure, whereas [Cu(II)(Ph(1)TPA)(CH(3)CN)](ClO(4))(2) (1) shows a slightly distorted square pyramidal structure and [Cu(II)(Ph(2)TPA)(CH(3)CN)](ClO(4))(2) (2) has an intermediate structure between trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal. On the other hand, the UV-vis and ESR data have suggested that all the copper(II) complexes have a similar trigonal bipyramidal structure in solution. The redox potentials of CuTPA, 1, 2, and 3 have been determined as E(1/2) = -0.34, -0.28, -0.16, and -0.04 mV vs Ag/AgNO(3), respectively, demonstrating that introduction of each 6-Ph group causes positive shift of E(1/2) about 0.1 V. Notable difference in H(2)O(2)-reactivity has been found among the copper(II) complexes. Namely, CuTPA and 1 afforded mononuclear copper(II)-hydroperoxo complexes CuTPA-OOH and 1-OOH, respectively, whereas complex 2 provided bis(mu-oxo)dicopper(III) complex 2-oxo. On the other hand, copper(II) complex 3 was reduced to the corresponding copper(I) complex 3(red). On the basis of the H(2)O(2)-reactivity together with the X-ray structures and the redox potentials of the copper(II) complexes, the substituent effects of 6-Ph are discussed in detail.

  18. Synthesis, X-ray crystal structures, and phosphate ester cleavage properties of bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine copper(II) complexes with guanidinium pendant groups.

    PubMed

    Belousoff, Matthew J; Tjioe, Linda; Graham, Bim; Spiccia, Leone

    2008-10-06

    Three new derivatives of bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine (DPA) featuring ethylguanidinium (L (1)), propylguanidinium (L (2)), or butylguanidinium (L (3)) pendant groups have been prepared by the reaction of N, N- bis(2-pyridylmethyl)alkane-alpha,omega-diamines with 1 H-pyrazole-1-carboxamidine hydrochloride. The corresponding mononuclear copper(II) complexes were prepared by reacting the ligands with copper(II) nitrate and were isolated as [Cu(LH (+))(OH 2)](ClO 4) 3. xNaClO 4. yH 2O ( C1: L = L (1), x = 2, y = 3; C2: L = L (2), x = 2, y = 4; C3: L = L (3), x = 1, y = 0) following cation exchange purification. Recrystallization yielded crystals of composition [Cu(LH (+))(X)](ClO 4) 3.X ( C1': L = L (1), X = MeOH; C2': L = L (2), X = H 2O; C3': L = L (3), X = H 2O), which were suitable for X-ray crystallography. The crystal structures of C1', C2', and C3' indicate that the DPA moieties of the ligands coordinate to the copper(II) centers in a meridional fashion, with a water or methanol molecule occupying the fourth basal position. Weakly bound perchlorate anions located in the axial positions complete the distorted octahedral coordination spheres. The noncoordinating, monoprotonated guanidinium groups project away from the Cu(II)-DPA units and are involved in extensive charge-assisted hydrogen-bonding interactions with cocrystallized water/methanol molecules and perchlorate anions within the crystal lattices. The copper(II) complexes were tested for their ability to promote the cleavage of two model phosphodiesters, bis( p-nitrophenyl)phosphate (BNPP) and uridine-3'- p-nitrophenylphosphate (UpNP), as well as supercoiled plasmid DNA (pBR 322). While the presence of the guanidine pendants was found to be detrimental to BNPP cleavage efficiency, the functionalized complexes were found to cleave plasmid DNA and, in some cases, the model ribose phosphate diester, UpNP, at a faster rate than the parent copper(II) complex of DPA.

  19. Three tetranuclear copper(II) cluster-based complexes constructed from 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole and different aromatic carboxylates: Assembly, structures, electrochemical and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Xiu-Li; Zhao, Wei; Zhang, Ju-Wen; Lu, Qi-Lin

    2013-02-15

    Three new tetranuclear copper(II) cluster-based complexes constructed from 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole (atrz) and three types of aromatic carboxylates, [Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}(atrz){sub 2}(DNBA){sub 6}] (1), [Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}(atrz){sub 2}(1,3-BDC){sub 3}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O (2) and [Cu{sub 4}({mu}{sub 3}-OH){sub 2}(atrz){sub 2}(SIP){sub 2}]{center_dot}4H{sub 2}O (3) (HDNBA=3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, 1,3-H{sub 2}BDC=1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid and NaH{sub 2}SIP=sodium 5-sulfoisophthalate), have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. Complex 1 displays a single-molecular Cu{sup II}{sub 4} cluster structure, which is further connected by the intermolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions to form a 2D supramolecular layer. In 2, there also exist tetranuclear Cu{sup II}{sub 4} clusters, which are linked by the 1,3-BDC anions to give a 3D NaCl-type framework. In 3, the Cu{sup II}{sub 4} clusters are connected by the carboxyl and sulfo groups of SIP anions to generate 3D (4,8)-connected framework with a (4{sup 10}{center_dot}6{sup 14}{center_dot}8{sup 4})(4{sup 5}{center_dot}6){sub 2} topology. The atrz ligand conduces to the construction of tetranuclear copper(II) clusters and the carboxylates with different non-carboxyl substituent show important effects on the final structures of the title complexes. The electrochemical and magnetic properties of 1-3 have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three tetranuclear copper(II) cluster-based complexes based on different carboxylates have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. The carboxylate anions play a key role in the formation of three different structures. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three new tetranuclear copper(II) cluster-based complexes have been obtained. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The atrz conduces to the construction of tetranuclear copper(II) clusters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Carboxylates show important effect on the structures of

  20. Chiral monomeric and homochiral dimeric copper(II) complexes of a new chiral ligand, N-(1,2-bis(2-pyridyl)ethyl)pyridine-2-carboxamide: an example of molecular self-recognition.

    PubMed

    Rowland, John M; Olmstead, Marilyn M; Mascharak, Pradip K

    2002-03-25

    Reaction of Cu(ClO(4))(2) x 6H(2)O with a racemic mixture of the novel chiral ligand N-(1,2-bis(2-pyridyl)ethyl)pyridine-2-carboxamide (PEAH) affords only the homochiral dimeric copper(II) complexes [Cu(2)((R)()PEA)(2)](ClO(4))(2) and [Cu(2)((S)()PEA)(2)](ClO(4))(2) in a 1:1 ratio. The phenomenon of molecular self-recognition is also observed when a racemic mixture of the monomeric copper(II) complex [Cu((R(S))()PEA)(Cl)(H(2)O)] is converted into the homochiral dimeric species [Cu(2)((R(S))()PEA)(2)](ClO(4))(2) via reaction with Ag(+) ion. This is the first report of direct conversion of a racemic mixture of a chiral monomeric copper(II) complex to a mixture of the homochiral dimers.

  1. Copper(II) complexes of terminally free alloferon mutants containing two histidyl binding sites inside peptide chain structure and stability.

    PubMed

    Kadej, Agnieszka; Kuczer, Mariola; Kowalik-Jankowska, Teresa

    2015-12-21

    Mononuclear and polynuclear copper(II) complexes of alloferon 1 with point mutations, H1A/H12A H2N-A(1)GVSGH(6)GQH(9)GVA(12)G-COOH, H1A/H9A H2N-A(1)GVSGH(6)GQA(9)GVH(12)G-COOH, and H1A/H6A H2N-A(1)GVSGA(6)GQH(9)GVH(12)G-COOH, have been studied by potentiometric, UV-visible, CD, and EPR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry (MS) methods. Complete complex speciation at different metal-to-ligand molar ratios ranging from 1 : 1 to 3 : 1 was obtained. Over a wide 6-8 pH range, including physiological pH 7.4, and a 1 : 1 metal-to-ligand molar ratio, the peptides studied formed a CuH-1L complex with the 4N{NH2,N(-),2NIm} coordination mode. The presence of the 4N binding site for the CuH-1L complexes prevented the deprotonation and coordination of the second amide nitrogen atom to copper(II) ions (pK-1/-2 7.83-8.07) compared to that of pentaGly (6.81). The amine nitrogen donor and two imidazole nitrogen atoms (H(6)H(9), H(6)H(12) and H(9)H(12)) can be considered to be independent metal-binding sites in the species formed. As a consequence, di- and trinuclear complexes for the metal-to-ligand 2 : 1 and 3 : 1 molar ratios dominate in the solution, respectively. For the Cu(II)-H1A/H9A and Cu(II)-H1A/H12A systems, the Cu3H-9L complexes are likely formed by the coordination of amide nitrogen atoms towards C-termini with ring sizes (7,5,5).

  2. Effect of the Peptidic Scaffold in Copper(II) Coordination and the Redox Properties of Short Histidine-Containing Peptides.

    PubMed

    Fragoso, Ana; Carvalho, Tiago; Rousselot-Pailley, Pierre; Correia Dos Santos, Margarida M; Delgado, Rita; Iranzo, Olga

    2015-09-07

    A linear decapeptide containing three His and one Asp residues and a β-turn-inducing dProPro unit was synthesised. A detailed potentiometric, mass spectrometric and spectroscopic study showed that at a 1:1 ratio of CCu /Cpeptide this peptide formed a major [CuH(O(dPro)-Asp)](2+) species (pH range 5.5-7.0), in which the Cu(2+) ion was bound to the His and Asp residues in square-planar or square-pyramidal geometries. The stability constant corrected for protonated species (log K* CuH(O dPro-Asp)=9.33) is almost equal to the value obtained for the parent [CuH(OAsp)](2+) species (log K*CuH(O-Asp) =9.28), but lower than that obtained for the cyclic [CuH(C-Asp)](2+) complex (log K*CuH(C-Asp) =10.79) previously published. Thus, the replacement of the ProGly unit by the stronger β-turn-inducing dProPro unit did not generate a more stable copper(II) species, although the O(dPro)-Asp peptide was structured in solution, as shown by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Interestingly, the calculated value of Keff showed that this peptide behaved similarly to the O-Asp or C-Asp counterparts, depending on the pH value. The cyclic voltammetry data indicated that the most easily reducible species were [CuH(O-Asp)](2+) (E'(0) =262 mV versus a normal hydrogen electrode (NHE)) and [CuH(O(dPro)-Asp)](2+) (E'(0) =294 mV versus NHE) complexes, the peptidic scaffolds of which are open. A lower value was obtained for [CuH(C-Asp)](2+) (E'(0) =24 mV versus NHE). A different degree of non-reversibility was observed for the three copper(II) complexes; this could reflect a different degree of flexibility in their respective peptidic scaffolds.

  3. Synthesis, micellization behavior, antimicrobial and intercalative DNA binding of some novel surfactant copper(II) complexes containing modified phenanthroline ligands.

    PubMed

    Nagaraj, Karuppiah; Ambika, Subramanian; Rajasri, Shanmugasundaram; Sakthinathan, Subramanian; Arunachalam, Sankaralingam

    2014-10-01

    The novel surfactant copper(II) complexes, [Cu(ip)2DA](ClO4)21, [Cu(dpqc)2DA](ClO4)22, [Cu(dppn)2DA](ClO4)23, where ip=imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline, dpqc=dipyrido[3,2-a:2',4'-c](6,7,8,9-tetrahydro)phenazine, dppn=benzo[1]dipyrido[3,2-a':2',3'-c]phenazine and DA-dodecylamine, were synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. In these complexes 1-3, the geometry of copper metal ions was described as square pyramidal. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) value of these surfactant copper(II) complexes in aqueous solution was found out from conductance measurements. Specific conductivity data at different temperatures served for the evaluation of the temperature-dependent CMC and the thermodynamics of micellization (ΔGm°, ΔHm° and ΔSm°). The binding interaction of these complexes with DNA (calf thymus DNA) in Tris buffer was studied by physico-chemical techniques. In the presence of the DNA UV-vis spectrum of complexes showed red shift of the absorption band along with significant hypochromicity indicating intercalation of our complexes with nucleic acids. Competitive binding study with ethidium bromide (EB) shows that the complexes exhibit the ability to displace the nucleic acid-bound EB indicating that the complexes bind to nucleic acids in strong competition with EB for the intercalative binding site. Observed changes in the circular dichoric spectra of DNA in the presence of surfactant complexes support the strong binding of complexes with DNA. CV results also confirm this mode of binding. Some significant thermodynamic parameters of the binding of the titled complexes to DNA have also been determined. The results reveal that the extent of DNA binding of 3 was greater than that of 1 and 2. The antibacterial and antifungal screening tests of these complexes have shown good results compared to its precursor chloride complexes.

  4. Targeted guanine oxidation by a dinuclear copper(II) complex at single stranded/double stranded DNA junctions.

    PubMed

    Li, Lei; Murthy, Narasimha N; Telser, Joshua; Zakharov, Lev N; Yap, Glenn P A; Rheingold, Arnold L; Karlin, Kenneth D; Rokita, Steven E

    2006-09-04

    A dinuclear copper(II) complex [Cu(II)2(PD'O-)(H2O)2](ClO4)3 (5) with terminal Cu(II)-H(2)O moieties and a Cu...Cu distance of 4.13 A (X-ray structure) has been synthesized and characterized by EPR spectroscopy (ferromagnetic coupling observed) and cyclic voltammetry. Dizinc(II) and mononuclear copper(II) analogues [Zn(II)2(PD'O-)(H2O)2]3+ (7) and [Cu(II)(mPD'OH)(H2O)]2+ (6), respectively, have also been synthesized and structurally characterized. Reacting 5/MPA/O(2) (MPA = 3-mercaptopropionic acid) with DNA leads to a highly specific oxidation of guanine (G) at a junction between single- and double-stranded DNA. Mass spectrometric analysis of the major products indicates a gain of +18 and +34 amu relative to initial DNA strands. The most efficient reaction requires G at the first and second unpaired positions of each strand extending from the junction. Less reaction is observed for analogous targets in which the G cluster is farther from the junction or contains less than four Gs. Consistent with our previous systems, the multinuclear copper center is required for selective reaction; mononuclear complex 6 is not effective. Hydrogen peroxide as a substitute for MPA/O2 also does not lead to activity. Structural analysis of a [Cu(II)2(PD'O-)(G)]3+ complex (8) and dizinc analogue [Zn(II)(2)(PD'O-)(G)](ClO4)3 (9) (G = guanosine) reveals coordination of the G O6 and N7 atoms with the two copper (or zinc) centers and suggests that copper-G coordination likely plays a role in recognition of the DNA target. The Cu2-O2 intermediate responsible for guanine oxidation appears to be different from that responsible for direct-strand scission induced by other multinuclear copper complexes; the likely course of reaction is discussed.

  5. Structural, magnetic, electrochemical, catalytic, DNA binding and cleavage studies of new macrocyclic binuclear copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Anbu, S; Kandaswamy, M; Suthakaran, P; Murugan, V; Varghese, Babu

    2009-03-01

    The macrocyclic symmetrical and a series of unsymmetrical binuclear copper(II) complexes have been synthesized by using mononuclear complex [CuL] [3,3'-((1E,7E)-3,6-dioxa-2,7-diazaocta-1,7-diene-1,8-diyl)bis(3-formyl-5-methyl-2-diolato)copper(II)]. Another compartment of the [CuL] have been condensed with various diamines like 1,2-bis(aminooxy)ethane (L(1)), 1,2-diamino ethane(L(2a)), 1,3-diamino propane(L(2b)), 1,4-diamino butane(L(2c)), 1,2-diamino benzene(L(2d)), 1,8-diamino naphthalene(L(2e)) and characterized by elemental, spectroscopic, and X-ray crystallographic methods. The influence of the coordination geometry and the ring size of the binucleating ligands on the electronic, redox, magnetic, catecholase activity, DNA binding and cleavage properties have been studied. The molecular structures of the symmetrical binuclear complex [Cu(2)L(1)(H(2)O)(2)](ClO(4))(2) (1) and unsymmetrical binuclear complex [Cu(2)L(2b)(ClO(4))(H(2)O)]ClO(4) (2b) were determined by X-ray crystallography. Both of them were discrete binuclear species in which each Cu(II) ions are in distorted square pyramid. The Cu...Cu distances vary from 3.0308 (2b) to 3.0361 A (1). Electrochemical studies evidenced that two quasi-reversible one electron-transfer reduction waves (E(pc)(1)) -0.91 to -1.01 V, (E(pc)(2)) -1.26 to -1.55 V) for binuclear complexes are obtained in the cathodic region. Cryomagnetic investigation of the binuclear complexes reveals a weak antiferromagnetic spin exchange interaction between the Cu(II) ions within the complexes (-2J=104.4-127.5 cm(-1)). The initial rate (V(in)) for the oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol to o-quinone by the binuclear Cu(II)complexes are in the range 3.6 x 10(-5) to 7.3 x 10(-5)Ms(-1). The binuclear Cu(II) complexes are avid binders to calf thymus DNA. The complexes display significant oxidative cleavage of circular plasmid pBR322 DNA in the presence of mercaptoethanol using the singlet oxygen as a reactive species. The aromatic diamine

  6. Experimental Investigation on the Mechanism of Chelation-Assisted, Copper(II) Acetate-Accelerated Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition

    PubMed Central

    Kuang, Gui-Chao; Guha, Pampa M.; Brotherton, Wendy S.; Simmons, J. Tyler; Stankee, Lisa A.; Nguyen, Brian T.; Clark, Ronald J.; Zhu, Lei

    2011-01-01

    A mechanistic model is formulated to account for the high reactivity of chelating azides (organic azides capable of chelation-assisted metal coordination at the alkylated azido nitrogen position) and copper(II) acetate (Cu(OAc)2) in copper(II)-mediated azide-alkyne cycloaddition (AAC) reactions. Fluorescence and 1H NMR assays are developed for monitoring the reaction progress in two different solvents – methanol and acetonitrile. Solvent kinetic isotopic effect and pre-mixing experiments give credence to the proposed different induction reactions for converting copper(II) to catalytic copper(I) species in methanol (methanol oxidation) and acetonitrile (alkyne oxidative homocoupling), respectively. The kinetic orders of individual components in a chelation-assisted, copper(II)-accelerated AAC reaction are determined in both methanol and acetonitrile. Key conclusions resulting from the kinetic studies include (1) the interaction between copper ion (either in +1 or +2 oxidation state) and a chelating azide occurs in a fast, pre-equilibrium step prior to the formation of the in-cycle copper(I)-acetylide, (2) alkyne deprotonation is involved in several kinetically significant steps, and (3) consistent with prior experimental and computational results by other groups, two copper centers are involved in the catalysis. The X-ray crystal structures of chelating azides with Cu(OAc)2 suggest a mechanistic synergy between alkyne oxidative homocoupling and copper(II)-accelerated AAC reactions, in which both a bimetallic catalytic pathway and a base are involved. The different roles of the two copper centers (a Lewis acid to enhance the electrophilicity of the azido group and a two-electron reducing agent in oxidative metallacycle formation, respectively) in the proposed catalytic cycle suggest that a mixed valency (+2 and +1) dinuclear copper species be a highly efficient catalyst. This proposition is supported by the higher activity of the partially reduced Cu(OAc)2 in

  7. Triple-stranded helicates of zinc(II) and cadmium(II) involving a new redox-active multiring nitrogenous heterocyclic ligand: synthesis, structure, and electrochemical and photophysical properties.

    PubMed

    Kundu, Nabanita; Abtab, Sk Md Towsif; Kundu, Sanchita; Endo, Akira; Teat, Simon J; Chaudhury, Muktimoy

    2012-02-20

    The protonated form [H(2)(L)](CF(3)SO(3))(2) (1) of a new redox-active bis-bidentate nitrogenous heterocyclic ligand, viz., 3,3'-dipyridin-2-yl[1,1']bi[imidazo[1,5-a]pyridinyl] (L), and its zinc(II) and cadmium(II) complexes (2 and 3) have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the solid state, both 2 and 3 have triple-stranded helical structures involving ligands that experience twisting and bending to the extent needed by the stereoelectronic demand of the central metal ion. The metal centers in the zinc(II) complex [Zn(2)(L)(3)](ClO(4))(4) (2) are equivalent, each having a distorted octahedral geometry, flattened along the C(3) axis with a Zn1···Zn1# separation of 4.8655(13) Å. The cadmium complex [Cd(2)(L)(3)(H(2)O)](ClO(4))(4) (3), on the other hand, has a rare type of helical structure, showing coordination asymmetry around the metal centers with a drastically reduced Cd1···Cd2 separation of 4.070 Å. The coordination environment around Cd1 is a distorted pentagonal bipyramid involving a N(6)O donor set with the oxygen atom coming from a coordinated water, leaving the remaining metal center Cd2 with a distorted octahedral geometry. The structures of 2 and 3 also involve anion-π- and CH-π-type noncovalent interactions that play dominant roles in shaping the extended structures of these molecules in the solid state. In solution, these compounds exhibit strong fluxional behavior, making the individual ligand strands indistinguishable from one another, as revealed from their (1)H NMR spectra, which also provide indications about these molecules retaining their helical structures in solution. Electrochemically, these compounds are quite interesting, undergoing ligand-based oxidations in two successive one-electron steps at E(1/2) of ca. 0.65 and 0.90 V versus a Ag/AgCl (3 M NaCl) reference. These molecules are all efficient emitters in the red and blue regions because of ligand-based π*-π fluorescent

  8. DNA- and BSA-binding studies and anticancer activity against human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) of the zinc(II) complex coordinated by 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anjomshoa, Marzieh; Fatemi, Seyed Jamilaldin; Torkzadeh-Mahani, Masoud; Hadadzadeh, Hassan

    2014-06-01

    Binding studies of a mononuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn(dppt)2Cl2] (dppt is 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazine), with DNA and bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been investigated under physiological conditions. The binding properties of the complex with fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA) have been investigated by UV-Vis absorption, thermal denaturation, competitive DNA-binding studies with ethidium bromide (EB) by fluorescence, and gel electrophoresis techniques. The competitive study with (EB) shows that the complex can displace EB from the DNA-EB system and compete for the DNA-binding sites with EB, which is usually characteristic of the intercalative interaction of compounds with DNA. The value of the fluorescence quenching constant (Ksv) was obtained as 3.1 × 104 M-1, indicating that this complex shows a high quenching efficiency and a significant degree of binding to DNA. Moreover, the intercalative binding mode has also been verified by the results of UV-Vis absorption, thermal denaturation and gel electrophoresis. The value of Kb at room temperature was calculated to be 1.97 × 105 M-1, indicating that the complex possesses strong tendency to bind with DNA. This value is very greater than to the values obtained for other zinc(II) complexes. The interaction of the complex with BSA has been studied by UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques. The results indicate that the complex has a quite strong ability to quench the fluorescence of BSA and the binding reaction is mainly a static quenching process. The quenching constants (KSV), the binding constants (Kb), the number of binding sites at different temperatures, the binding distance between BSA and the complex (r), and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔHo, ΔSo and ΔGo) between BSA and the complex were calculated. The complex exhibits good binding propensity to BSA showing relatively high binding constant values. The positive ΔHo and ΔSo values indicate that the

  9. Location of Varying Hydrophobicity Zinc(II) Phthalocyanine-Type Photosensitizers in Methoxy Poly(ethylene oxide) and Poly(l-lactide) Block Copolymer Micelles Using (1)H NMR and XPS Techniques.

    PubMed

    Lamch, Łukasz; Tylus, Włodzimierz; Jewgiński, Michał; Latajka, Rafał; Wilk, Kazimiera A

    2016-12-15

    Hydrophobic zinc(II) phthalocyanine-type derivatives, solubilized in polymeric micelles (PMs), provide a befitting group of so-called nanophotosensitizers, suitable for a variety of photodynamic therapy (PDT) protocols. The factors that influence the success of such products in PDT are the location of the active cargo in the PMs and the nanocarrier-enhanced ability to safely interact with biological systems and fulfill their therapeutic functions. Therefore, the aim of this work was to determine the solubilization loci of three phthalocyanines of varying hydrophobicity, i.e., zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPc), along with its tetrasulfonic acid (ZnPc-sulfo4) and perfluorinated (ZnPcF16) derivatives, loaded in polymeric micelles of methoxy poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(l-lactide) (mPEG-b-PLLA), by means of (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) combined with ion sputtering. Furthermore, the microenvironment influence upon the chemical and physical status of the solubilized cargo in PMs, expressed by photobleaching and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation comparing to the same properties of native cargoes in solution, was also evaluated and discussed in regards to the probing location data. The studied phthalocyanine-loaded PMs exhibited good physical stability, high drug-loading efficiency, and a size of less than ca. 150 nm with low polydispersity indices. The formation of polymeric micelles and the solubilization locus were investigated by (1)H NMR and XPS. ZnPc localized within the PM core, whereas both ZnPcF16 and ZnPc-sulfo4 - in the corona of PMs. We proved that the cargo locus is crucial for the photochemical properties of the studied phthalocyanines; the increase in photostability and ability to generate ROS in micellar solution compared to free photosensitizer was most significant for the photosensitizer in the PM core. Our results indicate the role of the cargo location in the PM microenvironment and demonstrate that

  10. DNA- and BSA-binding studies and anticancer activity against human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) of the zinc(II) complex coordinated by 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazine.

    PubMed

    Anjomshoa, Marzieh; Fatemi, Seyed Jamilaldin; Torkzadeh-Mahani, Masoud; Hadadzadeh, Hassan

    2014-06-05

    Binding studies of a mononuclear zinc(II) complex, [Zn(dppt)2Cl2] (dppt is 5,6-diphenyl-3-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazine), with DNA and bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been investigated under physiological conditions. The binding properties of the complex with fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA) have been investigated by UV-Vis absorption, thermal denaturation, competitive DNA-binding studies with ethidium bromide (EB) by fluorescence, and gel electrophoresis techniques. The competitive study with (EB) shows that the complex can displace EB from the DNA-EB system and compete for the DNA-binding sites with EB, which is usually characteristic of the intercalative interaction of compounds with DNA. The value of the fluorescence quenching constant (Ksv) was obtained as 3.1×10(4)M(-1), indicating that this complex shows a high quenching efficiency and a significant degree of binding to DNA. Moreover, the intercalative binding mode has also been verified by the results of UV-Vis absorption, thermal denaturation and gel electrophoresis. The value of Kb at room temperature was calculated to be 1.97×10(5)M(-1), indicating that the complex possesses strong tendency to bind with DNA. This value is very greater than to the values obtained for other zinc(II) complexes. The interaction of the complex with BSA has been studied by UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques. The results indicate that the complex has a quite strong ability to quench the fluorescence of BSA and the binding reaction is mainly a static quenching process. The quenching constants (KSV), the binding constants (Kb), the number of binding sites at different temperatures, the binding distance between BSA and the complex (r), and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔH(o), ΔS(o) and ΔG(o)) between BSA and the complex were calculated. The complex exhibits good binding propensity to BSA showing relatively high binding constant values. The positive ΔH(o) and ΔS(o) values indicate that

  11. Selective adsorption of silver(I) ions over copper(II) ions on a sulfoethyl derivative of chitosan.

    PubMed

    Petrova, Yulia S; Pestov, Alexandr V; Usoltseva, Maria K; Neudachina, Ludmila K

    2015-12-15

    This study presents a simple and effective method of preparation of N-(2-sulfoethyl) chitosan (NSE-chitosan) that allows obtaining a product with a degree of modification up to 1.0. The chemical structure of the obtained polymers was confirmed by FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopies. Cross-linking of N-(2-sulfoethyl) chitosans by glutaraldehyde allows preparation of sorbents for removal and concentration of metal ions. Capacity of sorbents towards hydroxide ions was determined depending on the degree of sulfoethylation under static and dynamic conditions. Dissociation constants of functional amino groups of the analyzed sorbents were determined by potentiometric titration. It was shown that basicity of the amino groups decreased (wherein pKa decreased from 6.53 to 5.67) with increase in degree of sulfoethylation. It explains the significant influence of sulfo groups on selectivity of sorption of metal ions on N-(2-sulfoethyl) chitosan-based sorbents. The investigated substances selectively remove copper(II) and silver(I) ions from solutions of complex composition. Wherein the selectivity coefficient KAg/Cu increased to 20 (pH 6.5, ammonium acetate buffer solution) with increase in degree of sulfoethylation of the sorbent up to 1.0.

  12. Copper(II) removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption on non-treated and chemically modified cactus fibres.

    PubMed

    Prodromou, M; Pashalidis, I

    2013-01-01

    The adsorption efficiency of a biomass by-product (cactus fibres) regarding the removal of copper(II) from aqueous solutions has been investigated before and after its chemical treatment. The chemical treatment of the biomass by-product included phosphorylation and MnO2-coating. The separation/removal efficiency has been studied as a function of pH, Cu(II) concentration, ionic strength, temperature and contact time. Evaluation of the experimental data shows that the MnO2-coated product presents the highest adsorption capacity, followed by the non-treated and phosphorylated material. Regarding the effect of ionic strength/salinity on the adsorption, in contrast to the removal efficiency of the phosphorylated product, which is significantly affected, the MnO2-coated and non-treated material don't show any effect, indicating the formation of inner-sphere surface complexes. The adsorption reaction is in all cases endothermic and relatively fast, particularly the adsorption on the MnO2-coated product. The results of the present study indicate that for the removal of bivalent metal-ions from contaminated waters the MnO2-coated material is expected to be the most effective adsorbent and an alternative to MnO2 resins for the treatment of environmentally relevant waters.

  13. Copper(II) complexes as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of o-phenylenediamine to 2,3-diaminophenazine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khattar, Raghvi; Yadav, Anjana; Mathur, Pavan

    2015-05-01

    Two new mononuclear copper(II) complexes [Cu (L) (NO3)2] (1) and [Cu (L) Br2] (2) where (L = bis(1-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)ether) are synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, elemental analysis, UV-Visible, IR spectroscopy, EPR and cyclic voltammetry. The complexes exhibit different coordination structures; the E1/2 value of the complex (1) is found to be relatively more cathodic than that of complex (2). X-band EPR spectra at low temperature in DMF supports a tetragonally distorted complex (1) while complex (2) shows three different g values suggesting a rhombic geometry. These complexes were utilized as a catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of o-phenylenediamine to 2,3-diaminophenazine assisted by molecular oxygen. The initial rate of reaction is dependent on the concentration of Cu(II) complex as well as substrate, and was found to be higher for the nitrate bound complex, while presence of acetate anion acts as a mild inhibitor of the reaction, as it is likely to pick up protons generated during the course of reaction. The inhibition suggests that the generated protons are further required in another important catalytic step.

  14. Synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of copper(II) complex of succinate and 2,2‧-bipyridyl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thebo, Khalid H.; Shad, Hazoor A.; Malik, Mohammad A.; Helliwell, Madeleine

    2010-04-01

    The mixed ligand copper(II) complex of succinate and 2,2'-bipyridyl was synthesized from disodium succinate, 2,2'-bipyridine and copper nitrate. The structure of the synthesized complex was determined by micro-analysis, IR, thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray crystallography. The thermal decomposition of the complex under an inert atmosphere has been studied. The crystal structure is monoclinic space group P2 1/ n with parameters a = 15.080(9) Å, b = 22.406(13) Å, c = 15.138(9) Å, β = 91.539°, V = 5113(5) Å 3, Z = 4, 1.534 Mg/m 3, R = 0.0911 and Mr = 1181.08. The geometry around copper atom is distorted octahedral. The complex consists of a dimer in which each Cu atom is linked through two carboxylate-oxygen atoms from a tetradentate succinate ligand and four nitrogen atoms from two chelating 2,2'-bipyridyl groups. The succinate ligand bridges between the two Cu atoms.

  15. Theoretical investigation of the magnetic exchange interactions in copper(II) oxides under chemical and physical pressures.

    PubMed

    Rocquefelte, Xavier; Schwarz, Karlheinz; Blaha, Peter

    2012-01-01

    It remains a challenge to understand the unconventional mechanisms that cause high-T(C) superconductivity in cuprate superconductors, high-T(C) multiferroicity in CuO, or low-dimensional magnetism in the spin-Peierls transition compounds such as CuGeO(3). A common feature of all these copper oxide compounds (containing Cu(2+) ions) is the presence of large magnetic superexchange interactions J. It is a general strategy to apply chemical and/or physical pressure in order to tune these exotic properties. Here we show theoretically, for the first time, the impact of physical pressure on J on CuO, for which we predict a strong enhancement of the low-dimensionality of the magnetic interactions and the spin-frustration at high-pressures. Such modifications are expected to strongly influence the multiferroic properties of CuO. We finally demonstrate that PBE0 hybrid DFT calculations provide reliable J values for a wide range of copper(II) oxides compounds, i.e. CuGeO(3), BaCu(2)Si(2)O(7), BaCu(2)Ge(2)O(7), and La(2)CuO(4).

  16. XAFS Study of the Ferro- and Antiferromagnetic Binuclear Copper(II) Complexes of Azomethine Based Tridentate Ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Vlasenko, Valery G.

    2007-02-02

    Binuclear copper complexes are known to be models for metalloenzymes containing copper active sites, and some of them are of considerable interest due to their magnetic and charge transfer properties. The reactions of the complex formation of bibasic tridentate heterocyclic imines with copper acetate leads to two types of chelates with mono deprotonated ligands and with totally deprotonated ligands. Cu K-edge EXAFS has been applied to determine the local structure around the metal center in copper(II) azomethine complexes with five tridentate ligands: 1-(salycilideneimino)- or 1-(2-tosylaminobenzilideneimino)-2-amino(oxo, thio)benzimidazoles. It has been found that some of the chelates studied are bridged binuclear copper complexes, and others are mononuclear complexes. The copper-copper interatomic distances in the bridged binuclear copper complexes were found to be 2.85-3.01 A. Variable temperature magnetic susceptibility data indicate the presence of both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions within the dimer, the former is dominating at low temperatures and the latter at high temperatures.

  17. Structural and magnetic properties of layered copper(II) coordination polymers intercalating s and f metal ions.

    PubMed

    Navarro, Jorge A R; Barea, Elisa; Salas, Juan M; Masciocchi, Norberto; Galli, Simona; Sironi, Angelo

    2007-04-16

    The nanoporous coordination polymer [Cu(pyrimidin-2-olate-N1,N3)2]n (1C) of the sodalite zeotype sorbs a variety of metal nitrates [M(NO3)m, M = Na+, K+, Rb+, Tl+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, La3+, Nd3+, Gd3+, Er3+] from H2O/MeOH solutions, with a concomitant structural change to a layered [Cu(pyrimidin-2-olate-N1,N3)2]n.[M(NO3)m]n/2 (MNO3@1L) coordination framework. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the layers are based on Cu4(pyrimidin-2-olate-N1,N3)4 square grids of copper(II) ions bridged by N1,N3 exobidentate ligands, displaying a structural motif of the metallacalix[4]arene type in pinched cone conformation. The interlayer space is occupied by the guest metal nitrates, each metal being coordinated by (at least) the four oxygen atoms of a metallacalix[4]arene. Magnetic measurements on the MNO3@1L series denoted a weak ferromagnetic ordering taking place below the Néel temperatures (typically close to 35 K), arising from spin-canting phenomena of the antiferromagnetically coupled copper centers. When M = Nd3+, Gd3+, or Er3+, additional magnetic ordering is observed at lower temperatures, which, on the basis of static and dynamic magnetic susceptibility measurements, can be attributed to copper- lanthanide interactions.

  18. Study on the interaction of a copper(II) complex containing the artificial sweetener aspartame with human serum albumin.

    PubMed

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Khodaei, Mohammad Mehdi; Kashanian, Soheila; Kheirdoosh, Fahimeh; Filli, Soraya Moradi

    2014-05-01

    A copper(II) complex containing aspartame (APM) as ligand, Cu(APM)2Cl2·2H2O, was synthesized and characterized. In vitro binding interaction of this complex with human serum albumin (HSA) was studied at physiological pH. Binding studies of this complex with HSA are useful for understanding the Cu(APM)2Cl2·2H2O-HSA interaction mechanism and providing guidance for the application and design of new and more efficient artificial sweeteners drive. The interaction was investigated by spectrophotometric, spectrofluorometric, competition experiment and circular dichroism. Hyperchromicity observed in UV absorption band of Cu(APM)2Cl2·2H2O. A strong fluorescence quenching reaction of HSA to Cu(APM)2Cl2·2H2O was observed and the binding constant (Kf) and corresponding numbers of binding sites (n) were calculated at different temperatures. Thermodynamic parameters, enthalpy change (∆H) and entropy change (∆S) were calculated to be -458.67 kJ mol(-1) and -1,339 J mol(-1 )K(-1) respectively. According to the van't Hoff equation, the reaction is predominantly enthalpically driven. In conformity with experimental results, we suggest that Cu(APM)2Cl2·2H2O interacts with HSA. In comparison with previous study, it is found that the Cu(II) complex binds stronger than aspartame.

  19. A novel multi-amplification photoelectrochemical immunoassay based on copper(II) enhanced polythiophene sensitized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet.

    PubMed

    Li, Rongxia; Liu, Yixin; Li, Xiaojian; Zhang, Sen; Wu, Dan; Zhang, Yong; Wei, Qin; Du, Bin

    2014-12-15

    A new sandwich photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing strategy was proposed for the first time based on the increasing photocurrent of water-soluble polythiophene sensitized g-C3N4 nanosheet (PT-Cl/g-C3N4) in the presence of copper(II) (Cu(2+)), which was doped on the surface of titanium dioxide as labels for multi-amplification. Herein, the photoactive films of PT-Cl/g-C3N4 is employed as the photoactive antibody (Ab1) immobilization matrix for the subsequent sandwich-type antibody-antigen affinity interactions. Upon the presence of antigen (Ag), greatly enhanced photocurrent could be triggered in the PEC platform by the labels of second antibody (Ab2) of Cu(2+) doped titanium dioxide (Cu(2+)-TiO2). As a result of the multi-amplification in this Cu(2+)-TiO2 enhanced PT-Cl/g-C3N4-based PEC immunoassay, it possesses excellent analytical performance. The antigen could be detected from 0.01 pg mL(-1) to 100.0 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 5 fg mL(-1). This work opens up g-C3N4 nanosheet applied in PEC sensing. More importantly, the strategy of specific positive effect of Cu(2+) on the photocurrent of g-C3N4 opens an alternative horizon for PEC sensing.

  20. Theoretical study of specific solvent effects on the optical and magnetic properties of copper(II) acetylacetonate.

    PubMed

    de Almeida, K J; Ramalho, T C; Rinkevicius, Z; Vahtras, O; Agren, H; Cesar, A

    2011-03-03

    Specific and basicity solvent effects on the visible near-infrared electronic transitions and the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) parameters of the copper(II) acetylacetonate complex, Cu(acac)2, have been investigated at the density functional theory level. The computed absorption transitions as well as the EPR parameters show a strong dependence on the direct coordination environment around the Cu(II) complex. High solvatocromic shifts are observed for 3d-3d transitions, with the highest effect observed for the dz(2)→dxy transition, which is red-shifted by 6000 cm(-1) and 9000 cm(-1) in water and pyridine solvent models, respectively. Compared to the electronic g-tensors, the hyperfine coupling constants of the Cu(acac)2 complex show a more pronounced dependence on the effect of base strength of solvent. Overall, the present methodology satisfactorily models the solvent effect on the optical and magnetic properties of the Cu(acac)2 complex, and theory and experiment agree sufficiently well to warrant the use of the computed optical and EPR parameters to elucidate the coordination environment of the Cu(II) systems in basic solutions.

  1. Experimental and theoretical investigation of a novel mononuclear copper(II) azido compound with tridentate (NNO) Schiff base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karahan, Ahmet; Karabulut, Sedat; Dal, Hakan; Kurtaran, Raif; Leszczynski, Jerzy

    2015-08-01

    The tridentate (NNO) Schiff base (HL), has been prepared by the condensation of 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine with 5-chloro-salicylaldehyde. The mononuclear [N-(2-pyridylmethyl)-3-chloro-salicylaldiminato] (azido) copper(II) complex of general formula [Cu(L)(N3)] (1) has been synthesized by the treatment of HL and CuCl2·2H2O with sodium azide. The ligand and complex have been investigated by various methods including IR, TG-DTA and X-ray diffraction techniques. The complex crystallizes in monoclinic space group P21/c, with unit cell dimensions a = 6.7369(4), b = 11.6058(8), c = 17.1379(11) Å, β = 93.823(2)°. The distorted square-planar Cu(II) ion in complex is chelated by one imino N, one phenolic O and one pyridine N atoms of Schiff base ligand and one N atom of azide ion. The electrochemical behavior of the mononuclear copper azido complex was studied with cyclic voltammetry. Tautomer stability of the ligand and the complex has been determined by molecular modeling techniques. It has been concluded that the HL is more stable than its tautomeric form (THL) both as ligand and complex structures.

  2. Copper(II) complexes with 2-pyridineformamide-derived thiosemicarbazones: Spectral studies and toxicity against Artemia salina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferraz, Karina O.; Wardell, Solange M. S. V.; Wardell, James L.; Louro, Sonia R. W.; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2009-07-01

    The copper(II) complexes [Cu(H2Am4DH)Cl 2] ( 1), [Cu(H2Am4Me)Cl 2] ( 2), [Cu(H2Am4Et)Cl 2] ( 3) and [Cu(2Am4Ph)Cl] ( 4) with 2-pyridineformamide thiosemicarbazone (H2Am4DH) and its N(4)-methyl (H2Am4Me), N(4)-ethyl (H2Am4Et) and N(4)-phenyl (H2Am4Ph) derivatives were studied by means of infrared and EPR spectral techniques. The crystal structure of 4 was determined. The studied compounds proved to be toxic to Artemia salina, suggesting that they could present cytotoxic activity against solid tumors. Among the free thiosemicarbazones H2Am4Ph presented higher toxicity than all other compounds, which showed comparable effects. In the case of complexes 2 and 3 toxicity is probably attributable to the complex as an entity or to a synergistic effect involving the thiosemicarbazone and copper. H2Am4Ph and complexes 2 and 3 revealed to be the most promising compounds as potential antineoplasic agents.

  3. Bioinspired, direct synthesis of aqueous CdSe quantum dots for high-sensitive copper(II) ion detection.

    PubMed

    Bu, Xiaohai; Zhou, Yuming; He, Man; Chen, Zhenjie; Zhang, Tao

    2013-11-21

    Luminescent CdSe semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), which are coated with a denatured bovine serum albumin (dBSA) shell, have been directly synthesized via a bioinspired approach. The dBSA coated CdSe QDs are ultrasmall (d < 2.0 nm) with a narrow size distribution and exhibit a strong green fluorescent emission at about 525 nm. They can be stored for months at room temperature and possess excellent stability against ultraviolet irradiation, high salt concentration, and a wide physiological range of pH. Systematic experimental investigations have shown the contribution of dBSA with free cysteine residues for both their effective ion chelating and surface passivating interactions during the formation and stabilization of CdSe QDs. The luminescent QDs are used for copper(II) ion detection due to their highly sensitive and selective fluorescence quenching response to Cu(2+). The concentration dependence of the quenching effect can be best described by the typical Stern-Volmer equation in a linearly proportional concentration of Cu(2+) ranging from 10 nM to 7.5 μM with a detection limit of 5 nM. As confirmed by various characterization results, a possible quenching mechanism is given: Cu(2+) ions are first reduced to Cu(+) by the dBSA shell and then chemical displacement between Cu(+) and Cd(2+) is performed at the surface of the ultrasmall metallic core to impact the fluorescence performance.

  4. Copper(II) complexes as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of o-phenylenediamine to 2,3-diaminophenazine.

    PubMed

    Khattar, Raghvi; Yadav, Anjana; Mathur, Pavan

    2015-05-05

    Two new mononuclear copper(II) complexes [Cu (L) (NO3)2] (1) and [Cu (L) Br2] (2) where (L=bis(1-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)ether) are synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, elemental analysis, UV-Visible, IR spectroscopy, EPR and cyclic voltammetry. The complexes exhibit different coordination structures; the E1/2 value of the complex (1) is found to be relatively more cathodic than that of complex (2). X-band EPR spectra at low temperature in DMF supports a tetragonally distorted complex (1) while complex (2) shows three different g values suggesting a rhombic geometry. These complexes were utilized as a catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of o-phenylenediamine to 2,3-diaminophenazine assisted by molecular oxygen. The initial rate of reaction is dependent on the concentration of Cu(II) complex as well as substrate, and was found to be higher for the nitrate bound complex, while presence of acetate anion acts as a mild inhibitor of the reaction, as it is likely to pick up protons generated during the course of reaction. The inhibition suggests that the generated protons are further required in another important catalytic step.

  5. Joint toxicity of tetracycline with copper(II) and cadmium(II) to Vibrio fischeri: effect of complexation reaction.

    PubMed

    Tong, Fei; Zhao, Yanping; Gu, Xueyuan; Gu, Cheng; Lee, Charles C C

    2015-03-01

    Co-contamination of antibiotic and heavy metals commonly occurs in the environment. Tetracycline (TC), a common antibiotic, can behave as an efficient organic ligand to complex with cations. In this paper, the joint toxicity of TC with two commonly existing metals, copper(II) and cadmium(II), towards a luminescent bacteria, Vibrio fischeri, are investigated. Results showed that coexistence of TC and Cu(II) showed a significant antagonistic effect, while TC and Cd(II) showed a synergistic effect. The aqueous speciation of TC with two metal cations was calculated using a chemical equilibrium software Visual MINTEQ and results indicated that a strong complexation exist between TC and Cu(II), while much weaker interaction between TC and Cd(II). Traditional joint toxicity prediction model based on independent action failed to predict the combined toxicity of TC with metals. A new method based on speciation calculation was used to evaluate the joint toxicity of ligands and cations. It is assumed that the metal-ligand complexes are non-toxic to V. fischeri and the joint toxicity is determined by the sum of toxic unit of free metal-ions and free organic ligands. It explained the joint toxicity of the mixed systems reasonably well. Meanwhile, citric acid (CA) and fulvic acid (FA) were also introduced in this study to provide a benchmark comparison with TC. Results showed it is also valid for mixed systems of CA and FA with metals except for the Cd-CA mixture.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial activity of silver(I) and copper(II) complexes of phosphate derivatives of pyridine and benzimidazole.

    PubMed

    Kalinowska-Lis, Urszula; Szewczyk, Eligia M; Chęcińska, Lilianna; Wojciechowski, Jakub M; Wolf, Wojciech M; Ochocki, Justyn

    2014-01-01

    Two silver(I) complexes--[Ag(4-pmOpe)]NO₃}(n) and [Ag(2-bimOpe)₂]NO₃--and three copper(II) complexes--[Cu₄Cl₆O(2-bimOpe)₄], [CuCl₂(4-pmOpe)₂], and [CuCl₂(2-bis(pm)Ope]--were synthesized by reaction of silver(I) nitrate or copper(II) chloride with phosphate derivatives of pyridine and benzimidazole, namely diethyl (pyridin-4-ylmethyl)phosphate (4-pmOpe), 1H-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl diethyl phosphate (2-bimOpe), and ethyl bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)phosphate (2-bis(pm)Ope). These compounds were characterized by ¹H, ¹³C, and ³¹P NMR as well as IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and ESIMS spectrometry. Additionally, molecular and crystal structures of {[Ag(4-pmOpe)]NO₃}n and [Cu₄Cl₆O(2-bimOpe)₄] were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The antimicrobial profiles of synthesized complexes and free ligands against test organisms from the ATCC and clinical sources were determined. Silver(I) complexes showed good antimicrobial activities against Candida albicans strains (MIC values of ∼19 μM). [Ag(2-bimOpe)₂]NO₃ was particularly active against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, with MIC values of ∼5 and ∼10 μM, respectively. Neither copper(II) complexes nor the free ligands inhibited the growth of test organisms at concentrations below 500 μg mL⁻¹.

  7. Copper(II) Complexes of Phenanthroline and Histidine Containing Ligands: Synthesis, Characterization and Evaluation of their DNA Cleavage and Cytotoxic Activity.

    PubMed

    Leite, Sílvia M G; Lima, Luís M P; Gama, Sofia; Mendes, Filipa; Orio, Maylis; Bento, Isabel; Paulo, António; Delgado, Rita; Iranzo, Olga

    2016-11-21

    Copper(II) complexes have been intensely investigated in a variety of diseases and pathological conditions due to their therapeutic potential. The development of these complexes requires a good knowledge of metal coordination chemistry and ligand design to control species distribution in solution and tailor the copper(II) centers in the right environment for the desired biological activity. Herein we present the synthesis and characterization of two ligands HL1 and H2L2 containing a phenanthroline unit (phen) attached to the amino group of histidine (His). Their copper(II) coordination properties were studied using potentiometry, spectroscopy techniques (UV-vis and EPR), mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and DFT calculations. The data showed the formation of single copper complexes, [CuL1](+) and [CuL2], with high stability within a large pH range (from 3.0 to 9.0 for [CuL1](+) and from 4.5 to 10.0 for [CuL2]). In both complexes the Cu(2+) ion is bound to the phen unit, the imidazole ring and the deprotonated amide group, and displays a distorted square pyramidal geometry as confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Interestingly, despite having similar structures, these copper complexes show different redox potentials, DNA cleavage properties and cytotoxic activity against different cancer cell lines (human ovarian (A2780), its cisplatin-resistant variant (A2780cisR) and human breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines). The [CuL2] complex has lower reduction potential (Epc= -0.722 V vs -0.452 V for [CuL1](+)) but higher biological activity. These results highlight the effect of different pendant functional groups (carboxylate vs amide), placed out of the coordination sphere, in the properties of these copper complexes.

  8. Synthesis, structure and characterization of two copper(II) supramolecular coordination polymers based on a multifunctional ligand 2-amino-4-sulfobenzoic acid.

    PubMed

    Wei, Yan; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Meng-Jie; Chen, Si-Chun; Wang, Zi-Hao; Zhang, Kou-Lin

    2015-07-01

    Copper(II) coordination polymers have attracted considerable interest due to their catalytic, adsorption, luminescence and magnetic properties. The reactions of copper(II) with 2-amino-4-sulfobenzoic acid (H(2)asba) in the presence/absence of the auxiliary chelating ligand 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) under ambient conditions yielded two supramolecular coordination polymers, namely (3-amino-4-carboxybenzene-1-sulfonato-κO(1))bis(1,10-phenanthroline-κ(2)N,N')copper(II) 3-amino-4-carboxybenzene-1-sulfonate monohydrate, [Cu(C7H6N2O5S)(C12H8N2)2](C7H6N2O5S)·H2O, (1), and catena-poly[[diaquacopper(II)]-μ-3-amino-4-carboxylatobenzene-1-sulfonato-κ(2)O(4):O(4')], [Cu(C7H6N2O5S)(H2O)2]n, (2). The products were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), solid-state UV-Vis spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, as well as by variable-temperature powder X-ray diffraction analysis (VT-PXRD). Intermolecular π-π stacking interactions in (1) link the mononuclear copper(II) cation units into a supramolecular polymeric chain, which is further extended into a supramolecular double chain through interchain hydrogen bonds. Supramolecular double chains are then extended into a two-dimensional supramolecular double layer through hydrogen bonds between the lattice Hasba(-) anions, H2O molecules and double chains. Left- and right-handed 21 helices formed by the Hasba(-) anions are arranged alternately within the two-dimensional supramolecular double layers. Complex (2) exhibits a polymeric chain which is further extended into a three-dimensional supramolecular network through interchain hydrogen bonds. Complex (1) shows a reversible dehydration-rehydration behaviour, while complex (2) shows an irreversible dehydration-rehydration behaviour.

  9. The crucial role of chelate-chelate stacking interactions in the crystal structure of a square planar copper(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Subrata; Khan, Samim; Bauzá, Antonio; Frontera, Antonio; Chattopadhyay, Shouvik

    2017-01-01

    A square planar copper(II) complex has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. The X-ray structure of the complex is used to analyze the crucial role of the π-interactions in the solid state. The complex also shows significant hydrogen-bonding interactions. Moreover, we have evaluated energetically both interactions by means of high level DFT calculations (BP86-D3/def2-TZVP) and characterized them using the Bader's theory of "atoms-in-molecules".

  10. Syntheses, crystal structures, spectral study and DFT calculation of three new copper(II) complexes derived from pyridoxal hydrochloride, N,N-dimethylethylenediamine and N,N-diethylethylenediamine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, Senjuti; Naskar, Barnali; Modak, Ritwik; Sikdar, Yeasin; Chatterjee, Sudipta; Biswas, Sujan; Mondal, Tapan Kumar; Modak, Debadrita; Goswami, Sanchita

    2015-05-01

    Two pyridoxal containing Schiff bases obtained by condensation of pyridoxal hydrochloride with N,N-dimethylethylenediamine (HL1) and N,N-diethylethylenediamine (HL2) are used for the syntheses of three new copper (II) complexes [Cu(HL1)(H2O)Cl]Cl (1), [Cu(L1)Cl] (2) and [Cu(L2)Cl] (3). The single crystal X-ray structures of all the three copper(II) complexes are determined. Redox potentials for the mononuclear complexes are measured by cyclic voltammetry experiments. The DFT and TDDFT results have been used to interpret the experimental properties.

  11. Synthesis and explosive properties of copper(II) chlorate(VII) coordination polymer with 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole bridging ligand.

    PubMed

    Cudziło, Stanisław; Nita, Marcin

    2010-05-15

    Copper(II) chlorate(VII) coordination polymer with 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole as bridging ligand was prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and TG/DTA analyses. Sensitivity and detonator tests were also preformed. The compound has a 1D chain structure in which Cu(II) ions are linked by triple triazole N1,N2 bridges. It is a detonat with performance close to that of lead azide, but at the same time it shows moderate sensitivity to thermal (explosively decomposes above 250 degrees C) and mechanical stimuli (sensitivity to friction 10N).

  12. Unexpected formation of a copper(II) 12-metallacrown-4 with (S)-glutamic-gamma-hydroxamic acid: a thermodynamic and spectroscopic study in aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Tegoni, Matteo; Dallavalle, Francesco; Belosi, Barbara; Remelli, Maurizio

    2004-05-07

    The equilibria of copper(II) with (S)-glutamic-gamma-hydroxamic acid (H2L) were investigated in aqueous solution by different techniques: glass electrode potentiometry; calorimetry; VIS and CD spectrophotometry; and ES-MS. An unexpected pentacopper(II) 12-metallacrown-4 [Cu5L4H(-4)](2-) was detected, analogous to those well known formed by alpha- and beta-aminohydroxamic acids, but of lower stability. Another five species were found: [CuLH]+; [CuL2H2]; [Cu2L2]; [CuL2H]-; and [CuL2]2-. Their structures are proposed based on both spectroscopic and calorimetric data.

  13. The role of zinc(II) in the absorption-desorption of CO2 by aqueous NH3, a potentially cost-effective method for CO2 capture and recycling.

    PubMed

    Mani, Fabrizio; Peruzzini, Maurizio; Barzagli, Francesco

    2008-01-01

    The absorption of CO2 by aqueous NH3 solutions has been investigated at atmospheric pressure and 0 degrees C. The CO2 absorption is fast and occurs with high efficiency (88-99%). The maximum CO2-removal efficiency increases slightly with the NH3 concentration. Addition of zinc(II) salts (as chloride, nitrate or sulfate) to the NH3 absorbent solution increases the overall CO2-absorption capacity without appreciably affecting the removal efficiency. Stripping of pure CO2 from HCO3(-) solutions is achieved by adding the calculated amount of ZnII salts, which under ambient conditions lead to rapid release of about 30-35% of the initially captured CO2. At the same time, about 65-70% of the captured CO2 is transformed into solid basic zinc carbonates. The recovery of these valuable solid products and the release of only 1/3 of free CO2 at room temperature and pressure reduces the cost of the overall process of CO2 capture, making it a potentially attractive method for CO2 capture on a larger scale.

  14. Powder X-ray diffraction, infrared and (13)C NMR spectroscopic studies of the homologous series of some solid-state zinc(II) and sodium(I) n-alkanoates.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Peter N; Taylor, Richard A

    2015-03-05

    A comparative study of the room temperature molecular packing and lattice structures for the homologous series of zinc(II) and sodium(I) n-alkanoates adduced from Fourier transform infrared and solid-state (13)C NMR spectroscopic data in conjunction with X-ray powder diffraction measurements is carried out. For zinc carboxylates, metal-carboxyl bonding is via asymmetric bridging bidentate coordination whilst for the sodium adducts, coordination is via asymmetric chelating bidentate bonding. All compounds are packed in a monoclinic crystal system. Furthermore, the fully extended all-trans hydrocarbon chains are arranged as lamellar bilayers. For zinc compounds, there is bilayer overlap, for long chain adducts (nc>8) but not for sodium compounds where methyl groups from opposing layers in the lamellar are only closely packed. Additionally, the hydrocarbon chains are extended along the a-axis of the unit cell for zinc compounds whilst for sodium carboxylates they are extended along the c-axis. These packing differences are responsible for different levels of Van der Waals effects in the lattices of these two series of compounds, hence, observed odd-even alternation is different. The significant difference in lattice packing observed for these two series of compounds is proposed to be due to the difference in metal-carboxyl coordination mode, arising from the different electronic structure of the central metal ions.

  15. Zinc(II) and lead(II) metal-organic networks driven by a multifunctional pyridine-carboxylate building block: Hydrothermal synthesis, structural and topological features, and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Ling; Li, Yu; You, Ao; Jiang, Juan; Zou, Xun-Zhong; Chen, Jin-Wei; Gu, Jin-Zhong; Kirillov, Alexander M.

    2016-09-01

    4-(5-Carboxypyridin-2-yl)isophthalic acid (H3L) was applied as a flexible, multifunctional N,O-building block for the hydrothermal self-assembly synthesis of two novel coordination compounds, namely 2D [Zn(μ3-HL)(H2O)]n·nH2O (1) and 3D [Pb2(μ5-HL)(μ6-HL)]n (2) coordination polymers (CPs). These compounds were obtained in aqueous medium from a mixture containing zinc(II) or lead(II) nitrate, H3L, and sodium hydroxide. The products were isolated as stable crystalline solids and were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental, thermogravimetric (TGA), powder (PXRD) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Compound 1 possesses a 2D metal-organic layer with the fes topology, which is further extended into a 3D supramolecular framework via hydrogen bonds. In contrast, compound 2 features a very complex network structure, which was topologically classified as a binodal 5,6-connected net with the unique topology defined by the point symbol of (47.63)(49.66). Compounds 1 and 2 disclose an intense blue or green luminescent emission at room temperature.

  16. Synthesis and crystal structure of a new copper(II) complex with N,N‧-(4,4‧-bithiazole-2,2‧-diyl)diacetimidamide as ligand: Molecular docking, DNA-binding and cytotoxicity activity studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ling-Dong; Zheng, Kang; Li, Yan-Tuan; Wu, Zhi-Yong; Yan, Cui-Wei

    2013-04-01

    A new mononuclear copper(II) complex with formula of [Cu2H(DABTA)2](pic)ṡ6H2O, where H2DABTA and pic- stand for N,N'-(4,4'-bithiazole-2,2'-diyl)diacetimidamide and picrate ion, respectively, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity measurement, IR and electronic spectra studies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure reveals that the copper(II) ion has a {CuN4} square-planar coordination environment. The solvent water molecules form a column parallel to c axis by hydrogen bonds. Then the mononuclear copper complexes link to the water columns to make a three-dimensional hydrogen bonding grid with the cavities filled by pic- anions. Besides, there are offset π-π stacking interactions between thiazole rings in the supramolecular system. The interactions between the copper(II) complex and herring sperm DNA (HS-DNA) have been investigated by using electronic absorption titration, fluorescence titration and viscometry. The molecular docking of the complex with the self-complementary DNA duplex of sequence d(ACCGACGTCGGT)2 demonstrates that the complex is stabilized by additional electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interaction with the DNA. The copper(II) complex exhibits potent anticancer activities against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell SMMC-7721 and human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549.

  17. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, crystallographic studies and antibacterial assays of new copper(II) complexes with sulfathiazole and nimesulide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nunes, Julia Helena Bormio; de Paiva, Raphael Enoque Ferraz; Cuin, Alexandre; da Costa Ferreira, Ana Maria; Lustri, Wilton Rogério; Corbi, Pedro Paulo

    2016-05-01

    New ternary copper(II) complexes of sulfathiazole (SFT, C9H8N3O2S2) or nimesulide (NMS, C13H11N2O5S) and 2,2‧-bipyridine (bipy) were synthesized, and characterized by chemical and spectroscopic techniques. Elemental analyses indicated a 2:1:1 sulfonamide/copper/bipy composition for both complexes. Mass spectrometric measurements permitted identifying the molecular ions [Cu(SFT)2(bipy)+H]+ and [Cu(NMS)2(bipy)+H]+ at m/z 728 and 835, respectively, confirming the proposed compositions. Crystal structure of the [Cu(SFT)2(bipy)] complex was solved by powder X-ray diffraction analysis (PXRD), attesting that the Cu(II) ion is hexacoordinated in a distorted octahedral geometry. Each SFT molecule coordinates to the metal ion by the nitrogen atoms of the SO2-N group and of the heterocyclic ring. The coordination sphere is completed by a bipyridine. Electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies were carried out for the [Cu(NMS)2(bipy)] complex, indicating a tetragonal environment around the metal ion. It was suggested that NMS coordinates to Cu(II) by the nitrogen and oxygen atoms of the SO2-N group, which was confirmed by infrared spectroscopic studies. Biological studies showed the antibacterial activity of both Cu-SFT and Cu-NMS complexes, with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 0.10 to 0.84 mmol L-1 against Gram-negative bacteria for [Cu(SFT)2(bipy)], and from 1.50 to 3.00 mmol L-1 against Gram-positive and -negative bacteria for [Cu(NMS)2(bipy)].

  18. Synthesis, electronic and ESR spectral studies on copper(II) nitrate complexes with some acylhydrazines and hydrazones.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vinod P

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes the preparation of [Cu(bh)2(H2O)2](NO3)2], [Cu(ibh)2(NO3)2], [Cu(ibh)2(H2O)2](NO3)2 and [Cu(iinh)2(NO3)2] (bh = benzoyl hydrazine (C6H5CONHNH2); ibh = isonicotinoyl hydrazine (NC5H4CONHNH2); ibh = isopropanone benzoyl hydrazone (C6H5CONHN=C(CH3)2; iinh = isopropanone isonicotinoyl hydrazone (NC5H4CONHN=C(CH3)2). These copper(II) complexes are characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductances, dehydration studies, ESR, IR and electronic spectral studies. The electronic and ESR spectra indicate that each complex exhibits a six-coordinate tetragonally distorted octahedral geometry in the solid state and in DMSO solution. The ESR spectra of most of the complexes are typically isotropic type at room temperature (300 K) in solid state as well as in DMSO solution. However, all the complexes exhibit invariably axial signals at 77 K in DMSO solution. The trend g(||) > g(perpendicular) > g(e,) observed in all the complexes suggests the presence of an unpaired electron in the d x2-y2 orbital of the Cu(II). The bh and inh ligands bond to Cu(II) through the >C=O and -NH2 groups whereas, ibh and iinh bond through >C=O and >C=N- groups. The IR spectra of bh and ibh complexes also show H-O-H stretching and bending modes of coordinated water.

  19. Anti-thyroid and antifungal activities, BSA interaction and acid phosphatase inhibition of methimazole copper(II) complexes.

    PubMed

    Urquiza, Nora M; Islas, María S; Ariza, Santiago T; Jori, Nadir; Martínez Medina, Juan J; Lavecchia, Martín J; López Tévez, Leonor L; Lezama, Luis; Rojo, Teófilo; Williams, Patricia A M; Ferrer, Evelina G

    2015-03-05

    It has been reported that various metal coordination compounds have improved some biological properties. A high activity of acid phosphatase (AcP) is associated to several diseases (osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, prostate cancer, among others) and makes it a target for the development of new potential inhibitors. Anti-thyroid agents have disadvantageous side effects and the scarcity of medicines in this area motivated many researchers to synthesize new ones. Several copper(II) complexes have shown antifungal activities. In this work we presented for a first time the inhibition of AcP and the anti-thyroid activity produced by methimazole-Cu(II) complexes. Cu-Met ([Cu(MeimzH)2(H2O)2](NO3)2·H2O) produces a weak inhibition action while Cu-Met-phen ([Cu(MeimzH)2(phen)(H2O)2]Cl2) shows a strong inhibition effect (IC50 = 300 μM) being more effective than the reported behavior of vanadium complexes. Cu-Met-phen also presented a fairly good anti-thyroid activity with a formation constant value, Kc=1.02 × 10(10)M(-1) being 10(6) times more active than methimazole (Kc = 4.16 × 10(4)M(-1)) in opposition to Cu-Met which presented activity (Kc=9.54 × 10(3)M(-1)) but in a lesser extent than that of the free ligand. None of the complexes show antifungal activity except Cu-phen (MIC = 11.71 μgmL(-1) on Candidaalbicans) which was tested for comparison. Besides, albumin interaction experiments denoted high affinity toward the complexes and the calculated binding constants indicate reversible binding to the protein.

  20. Planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells based on tetramethyl substituted copper(II) phthalocyanine treated with thermal annealing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qu, Dalong; Guo, Runda; Yue, Shouzhen; Wu, Yukun; Yan, Pingrui; Cheng, Gang

    2014-10-01

    The fabrication of planar heterojunction (PHJ) organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells using tetramethyl substituted copper(II) phthalocyanine (CuMePc) as an electron donor and C60 as an acceptor is described. The impact of post-fabrication thermal annealing upon the performance of these cells has been examined. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images and UV-visible absorption spectra of CuMePc thin films revealed crystallization of CuMePc induced by thermal annealing at 190 °C. The crystallized CuMePc films accounted for improved hole mobility, broadened absorption spectrum, and increased donor/acceptor interface in the as-fabricated cells after thermal annealing. AFM images also revealed that the surface of MoO3 film was smooth and close-packed after thermal annealing, which efficiently blocked the leakage current in the annealed cells, leading to dramatic improvement of performance for the PHJ cells using CuMePc as the electron donor and MoO3 or V2O5 as the anode buffer layer. The power conversion efficiency of the thermal-annealed PHJ cell with a configuration of ITO/MoO3/CuMePc/C60/Bathocuproine/Al was higher than that of the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) cell fabricated by co-depositing CuMePc and C60. It was mainly because the isolated clusters of CuMePc and/or C60 molecules formed during the fabrication of the BHJ cell was avoided in the PHJ cell.

  1. A simple "clickable" biosensor for colorimetric detection of copper(II) ions based on unmodified gold nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Shen, Qinpeng; Li, Wenhua; Tang, Shiyun; Hu, Yufang; Nie, Zhou; Huang, Yan; Yao, Shouzhuo

    2013-03-15

    A novel colorimetric copper(II) biosensor has been developed based on the high specificity of alkyne-azide click reaction to the catalysis of copper ions and unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as the signal reporter. The clickable DNA probe consists of two parts: an azide group-modified double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) hybrid with an elongated tail and a short alkyne-modified single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). Because of low melting temperature of the short ssDNA, these two parts are separated in the absence of Cu(2+). Copper ion-induced azide-alkyne click ligation caused a structural change of probe from the separated form to entire dsDNA form. This structural change of probe can be monitored by the unmodified AuNPs via mediating their aggregation with a red-to-blue colorimetric read-out because of the differential ability of ssDNA and dsDNA to protect AuNPs against salt-induced aggregation. Under the optimum conditions, this biosensor can sensitively and specifically detect Cu(2+) with a low detection limit of 250 nM and a linear range of 0.5-10 μM. The method is simple and economic without dual-labeling DNA and AuNPs modification. It is also highly selective for Cu(2+) in the presence of high concentrations of other environmentally relevant metal ions because of the great specificity of the copper-caused alkyne-azide click reaction, which potentially meets the requirement of the detection in real samples.

  2. Halochromism, ionochromism, solvatochromism and density functional study of a synthesized copper(II) complex containing hemilabile amide derivative ligand.

    PubMed

    Golchoubian, Hamid; Moayyedi, Golasa; Reisi, Neda

    2015-03-05

    This study investigates chromotropism of newly synthesized 3,3'-(ethane-1,2-diylbis(benzylazanediyl))dipropanamide copper(II) perchlorate complex. The compound was structurally characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. X-ray crystallography of the complex showed that the copper atom achieved a distorted square pyramidal environment through coordination of two amine N atoms and two O atoms of the amide moieties. The pH effect on the visible absorption spectrum of the complex was studied which functions as pH-induced "off-on-off" switches through protonation and deprotonation of amide moieties along with the CuO to CuN bond rearrangement at room temperature. The complex was also observed to show solvatochromism and ionochromism. The distinct solution color changes mainly associated with hemilability of the amide groups. The solvatochromism of the complex was investigated with different solvent parameter models using stepwise multiple linear regression method. The results suggested that the basicity power of the solvent has a dominant contribution to the shift of the d-d absorption band of the complex. Density functional theory, DFT calculations were performed in order to study the electronic structure of the complex, the relative stabilities of the CuN/CuO isomers, and to understand the nature of the halochromism processes taking place. DFT computational results buttressed the experimental observations indicating that in the natural pH (5.8) the CuO isomer is more stable than its linkage isomer and conversely in alkaline aqueous solution.

  3. Electrochemical assay for the determination of nitric oxide metabolites using copper(II) chlorophyllin modified screen printed electrodes.

    PubMed

    Balamurugan, Murugesan; Madasamy, Thangamuthu; Pandiaraj, Manickam; Bhargava, Kalpana; Sethy, Niroj Kumar; Karunakaran, Chandran

    2015-06-01

    This work presents a novel electrochemical assay for the collective measurement of nitric oxide (NO) and its metabolites nitrite (NO2(-)) and nitrate (NO3(-)) in volume miniaturized sample at low cost using copper(II) chlorophyllin (CuCP) modified sensor electrode. Zinc oxide (ZnO) incorporated screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was used as a host matrix for the immobilization of CuCP. The morphological changes of the ZnO and CuCP modified electrodes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical characterization of CuCP-ZnO-SPCE exhibited the characteristic quasi-reversible redox peaks at the potential +0.06 V versus Ag/AgCl. This biosensor electrode showed a wide linear range of response over NO concentrations from 200 nM to 500 μM with a detection limit of 100 nM and sensitivity of 85.4 nA μM(-1). Furthermore, NO2(-) measurement showed linearity of 100 nM to 1mM with a detection limit of 100 nM for NO2(-) and sensitivity of 96.4 nA μM(-1). Then, the concentration of NO3(-) was measured after its enzymatic conversion into NO2(-). Using this assay, the concentrations of NO, NO2(-), and NO3(-) present in human plasma samples before and after beetroot supplement were estimated using suitable membrane coated CuCP-ZnO-SPCE and validated with the standard Griess method.

  4. Copper(II) complexes with new fluoroquinolones: Synthesis, structure, spectroscopic and theoretical study, DNA damage, cytotoxicity and antiviral activity.

    PubMed

    Dorotíková, Sandra; Kožíšková, Júlia; Malček, Michal; Jomová, Klaudia; Herich, Peter; Plevová, Kristína; Briestenská, Katarína; Chalupková, Anna; Mistríková, Jela; Milata, Viktor; Dvoranová, Dana; Bučinský, Lukáš

    2015-09-01

    Copper(II) complexes with fluoroquinolones in the presence of the nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligands 1,10-phenanthroline have been considered in detail. The phenanthroline moiety was introduced into the ligand environment with the aim to determine whether the nuclease activity is feasible. All suitable X-ray structures of the complexes under study reveal a distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry for Cu(II) atom. The conformational and spectroscopic (FT-IR and UV-visible) behavior has been analyzed and has been interpreted with respect to B3LYP/6-311G* calculations including molecular dynamics. The ability of the complexes to cleave DNA was studied by agarose gel electrophoresis with plasmid DNA pBSK+. The results have confirmed that the complexes under study behave as the chemical nucleases. Nuclease like activity in the absence of hydrogen peroxide allows us to deduce an interaction of the complexes with the DNA resulting in the conversion of supercoiled circular DNA to the nicked form. The DNA cleavage activity enhanced by the presence of hydrogen peroxide demonstrates the participation of reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide radical anions and hydroxyl radicals which presence was confirmed independently using the standard radical scavenging agents. It has been suggested that the radical formation through the Fenton/Haber-Weiss reaction is mediated by the redox cycling mechanisms with the participation of cupric/cuprous ions. Cytotoxic activity was evaluated as the 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC50). The potential effects of tested compounds on replication of murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) under in vitro conditions were also evaluated. However, no antiviral activity against MHV-68 was observed.

  5. Vanadium(IV) and copper(II) complexes of salicylaldimines and aromatic heterocycles: Cytotoxicity, DNA binding and DNA cleavage properties.

    PubMed

    Correia, Isabel; Roy, Somnath; Matos, Cristina P; Borovic, Sladjana; Butenko, Nataliya; Cavaco, Isabel; Marques, Fernanda; Lorenzo, Julia; Rodríguez, Alejandra; Moreno, Virtudes; Pessoa, João Costa

    2015-06-01

    Five copper(II) complexes, [Cu(sal-Gly)(bipy)](1), [Cu(sal-Gly)(phen)] (2), [Cu(sal-l-Ala)(phen)] (3), [Cu(sal-D-Ala)(phen)] (4), [Cu(sal-l-Phe)(phen)] (5) and five oxidovanadium(IV) complexes, [V(IV)O(sal-Gly)(bipy)] (6), [V(IV)O(sal-Gly)(phen)] (7), [V(IV)O(sal-l-Phe)(H2O)] (8), [V(IV)O(sal-l-Phe)(bipy)] (9), [V(IV)O(sal-l-Phe)(phen)] (10) (sal=salicylaldehyde, bipy=2,2'-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline) were synthesized and characterized, and their interaction with DNA was evaluated by different techniques: gel electrophoresis, fluorescence, UV-visible and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The complexes interact with calf-thymus DNA and efficiently cleave plasmid DNA in the absence (only 2 and 5) and/or presence of additives. The cleavage ability is concentration-dependent as well as metal and ligand-dependent. Moreover, DNA binding experiments show that the phen-containing Cu(II) and V(IV)O compounds display stronger DNA interaction ability than the corresponding bipy analogues. The complexes present cytotoxic activity against human ovarian (A2780) and breast (MCF7) carcinoma cells. Cell-growth inhibition (IC50) of compounds 1, 2 and 5 in human promyelocytic leukemia (HL60) and human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells were also determined. The copper complexes show much higher cytotoxic activity than the corresponding vanadium complexes and the reference drug cisplatin (except for the sal-Gly complexes); namely, the phenanthroline copper complexes 2-5 are ca. 10-fold more cytotoxic than cisplatin and more cytotoxic than their bipyridine analogues.

  6. Investigation and Control of "Sphere-Like" Buckminsterfullerene C60 and "Disk-Like" Copper(II) Phthalocyanine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McAfee, Terry Richard

    Due to the growing global need for cheap, flexible, and portable electronics, numerous research groups from mechanical and electrical engineering, material science, chemistry, and physics have increasingly turned to organic electronics research over the last ˜5--10 years. Largely, the focus of researchers in this growing field have sought to obtain the next record holding device, allowing a heuristic approach of trial and error to become dominant focus of research rather than a fundamental understanding. Rather than working with the latest high performance organic semiconducting materials and film processing techniques, I have chosen to investigate and control the fundamental self-assembly interactions of organic photovoltaic thin films using simplified systems. Specifically, I focus on organic photovoltaic research using two of the oldest and well studies semiconducting materials, namely "sphere-like" electron donor material Buckminsterfullerene C60 and "disklike" electron acceptor material Copper(II) Phthalocyanine. I manufactured samples using the well-known technique of physical vapor deposition using a high vacuum chamber that I designed and built to accommodate my need of precise material deposition control, with codeposition capability. Films were characterized using microscopy and spectroscopy techniques locally at NCSU, including Atomic Force Microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, as well as at National Laboratory based synchrotron x-ray techniques, including Carbon and Nitrogen k-edge Total Electron Yield and Transmission Near Edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, Carbon k-edge Resonant Soft x-ray Microscopy, Resonant Soft x-ray reflectivity, and Grazing Incidence Wide-Angle X-ray scattering.

  7. Thermal, spectroscopic, and solvent influence studies on mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes containing the bulky ligand: Bis[N-(p-tolyl)imino]acenaphthene.

    PubMed

    El-Ayaan, Usama; Gabr, I M

    2007-05-01

    Four mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes containing the rigid bidentate nitrogen ligand bis[N-(p-tolyl)imino]acenaphthene (abb. p-Tol-BIAN) ligand are reported. These complexes, namely [Cu(p-Tol-BIAN)(2)](ClO(4))(2)1, [Cu(p-Tol-BIAN)(acac)](ClO(4)) 2, [Cu(p-Tol-BIAN)Cl(2)] 3 and [Cu(p-Tol-BIAN)(AcOH)(2)](ClO(4))(2)4 (where acac, acetylacetonate and AcOH, acetic acid) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic, magnetic and molar conductance measurements. ESR spectra suggest a square planar geometry for complexes 1 and 2. In complexes 3 and 4, a distorted tetrahedral arrangement around copper(II) centre was suggested. Solvatochromic behavior of all studied complexes indicates strong solvatochromism of their solutions. The observed solvatochromism is mainly due to the solute-solvent interaction between the chelate cation and the solvent molecules. Thermal properties and decomposition kinetics of all complexes are investigated. The kinetic parameters (E, A, Delta H, Delta S and Delta G) of all thermal decomposition stages have been calculated using the Coats-Redfern and other standard equations.

  8. Coumarin-Based Fluorescent Probes for Dual Recognition of Copper(II) and Iron(III) Ions and Their Application in Bio-Imaging

    PubMed Central

    García-Beltrán, Olimpo; Cassels, Bruce K.; Pérez, Claudio; Mena, Natalia; Núñez, Marco T.; Martínez, Natalia P.; Pavez, Paulina; Aliaga, Margarita E.

    2014-01-01

    Two new coumarin-based “turn-off” fluorescent probes, (E)-3-((3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)amino)-7-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one (BS1) and (E)-3-((2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)amino)-7-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one (BS2), were synthesized and their detection of copper(II) and iron(III) ions was studied. Results show that both compounds are highly selective for Cu2+ and Fe3+ ions over other metal ions. However, BS2 is detected directly, while detection of BS1 involves a hydrolysis reaction to regenerate 3-amino-7-hydroxycoumarin (3) and 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, of which 3 is able to react with copper(II) or iron(III) ions. The interaction between the tested compounds and copper or iron ions is associated with a large fluorescence decrease, showing detection limits of ca. 10−5 M. Preliminary studies employing epifluorescence microscopy demonstrate that Cu2+ and Fe3+ ions can be imaged in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with the tested probes. PMID:24419164

  9. Air oxygenation chemistry of 4-TBC catalyzed by chloro bridged dinuclear copper(II) complexes of pyrazole based tridentate ligands: synthesis, structure, magnetic and computational studies.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, Ishita; Samanta, Pabitra Narayan; Das, Kalyan Kumar; Ababei, Rodica; Kalisz, Marguerite; Girard, Adrien; Mathonière, Corine; Nethaji, M; Clérac, Rodolphe; Ali, Mahammad

    2013-02-07

    Four dinuclear bis(μ-Cl) bridged copper(II) complexes, [Cu(2)(μ-Cl)(2)(L(X))(2)](ClO(4))(2) (L(X) = N,N-bis[(3,5-dimethylpyrazole-1-yl)-methyl]benzylamine with X = H(1), OMe(2), Me(3) and Cl(4)), have been synthesized and characterized by the single crystal X-ray diffraction method. In these complexes, each copper(II) center is penta-coordinated with square-pyramidal geometry. In addition to the tridentate L(X) ligand, a chloride ion occupies the last position of the square plane. This chloride ion is also bonded to the neighboring Cu(II) site in its axial position forming an SP-I dinuclear Cu(II) unit that exhibits small intramolecular ferromagnetic interactions and supported by DFT calculations. The complexes 1-3 exhibit methylmonooxygenase (pMMO) behaviour and oxidise 4-tert-butylcatechol (4-TBCH(2)) with molecular oxygen in MeOH or MeCN to 4-tert-butyl-benzoquinone (4-TBQ), 5-methoxy-4-tert-butyl-benzoquinone (5-MeO-4-TBQ) as the major products along with 6,6'-Bu(t)-biphenyl-3,4,3',4'-tetraol and others as minor products. These are further confirmed by ESI- and FAB-mass analyses. A tentative catalytic cycle has been framed based on the mass spectral analysis of the products and DFT calculations on individual intermediates that are energetically feasible.

  10. Partial conversion of thioamide into nitrile in a copper(II) complex of 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone), a drug prototype for Alzheimer's disease.

    PubMed

    Vieira, Rafael P; Thompson, John R; Beraldo, Heloisa; Storr, Tim

    2015-06-01

    This work reports the crystal structure of [(Z)-2-((E)-1-{6-[1-({[amino(sulfanidyl-κS)methylidene]amino}imino-κN)ethyl]pyridin-2-yl-κN}ethylidene)-1-cyanohydrazinido-κN(1)]copper(II), [Cu(C11H11N7S)], the first description of a copper(II) complex of 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone) showing partial conversion of a thioamide group to a nitrile group. The asymmetric ligand coordinates to the metal centre in an N,N',N'',S-tetradentate manner via the pyridine N atom, an imine N atom, the hydrazinide N atom and the sulfanidyl S atom, displaying a square-planar geometry. Ligand coordination results in two five-membered chelate rings and one six-membered chelate ring, and in crystal packing based on N-H···N hydrogen bonds of the cyanohydrazinide and hydrazinecarbothioamidate arms of the ligand. The correlation between the partial conversion upon metal complexation, H2S release and possible effects on the activity of bis(thiosemicarbazone)s as drug prototypes for Alzheimer's disease is also discussed.

  11. Synthesis and Characterisation of Copper(II) Complexes with Tridentate NNO Functionalized Ligand: Density Function Theory Study, DNA Binding Mechanism, Optical Properties, and Biological Application

    PubMed Central

    Hazra, Madhumita; Dolai, Tanushree; Pandey, Akhil; Dey, Subrata Kumar; Patra, Animesh

    2014-01-01

    The photo physical properties of two mononuclear pentacoordinated copper(II) complexes formulated as [Cu(L)(Cl)(H2O)] (1) and [Cu(L)(Br)(H2O)] (2) HL = (1-[(3-methyl-pyridine-2-ylimino)-methyl]-naphthalen-2-ol) were synthesized and characterized by elemental, physicochemical, and spectroscopic methods. The density function theory calculations are used to investigate the electronic structures and the electronic properties of ligand and complex. The interactions of copper(II) complexes towards calf thymus DNA were examined with the help of absorption, viscosity, and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques at pH 7.40. All spectroscopy's result indicates that complexes show good binding activity to calf thymus DNA through groove binding. The optical absorption and fluorescence emission properties of microwires were characterized by fluorescence microscope. From a spectroscopic viewpoint, all compounds strongly emit green light in the solid state. The microscopy investigation suggested that microwires exhibited optical waveguide behaviour which are applicable as fluorescent nanomaterials and can be used as building blocks for miniaturized photonic devices. Antibacterial study reveals that complexes are better antimicrobial agents than free Schiff base due to bacterial cell penetration by chelation. Moreover, the antioxidant study of the ligand and complexes is evaluated by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free-radical assays, which demonstrate that the complexes are of higher antioxidant activity than free ligand. PMID:25386109

  12. DNA binding, cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction activity of a mixed-ligand copper(II) complex with taurine Schiff base and imidazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Mei; kong, Lin Lin; Gou, Yi; Yang, Feng; Liang, Hong

    2014-07-01

    A novel binuclear copper(II) complex (complex 1) with taurine Schiff base and imidazole has been synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, ESI-MS spectrometry, UV-vis and IR spectroscopy. Single-crystal analysis revealed that 1 displays the sulfonate-bridged dinuclear copper(II) centers. Both copper atoms are five-coordinated and exhibit slightly distorted square pyramidal geometries. Each of copper atom is surrounded by three oxygen atoms and one nitrogen atom from different taurine Schiff base ligands, and one nitrogen atom from one imidazole ligand. The interaction between 1 and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated by UV-vis, fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectra and agarose gel electrophoresis. The experimental results indicated that 1 could bind to CT-DNA via an intercalative mode and show efficient cleavage activity. In addition, 1 showed an antitumor effect on cell cycle and apoptosis. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that MGC-803 cells were arrested in the S phase after treatment with 1. Fluorescence microscopic observation indicated that 1 could induce apoptosis of MGC-803 cells.

  13. Crystal structure of bis-(azido-κN)bis-[2,5-bis-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia-diazole-κ(2) N (2),N (3)]nickel(II).

    PubMed

    Laachir, Abdelhakim; Bentiss, Fouad; Guesmi, Salaheddine; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-02-01

    Reaction of 2,5-bis-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia-diazole and sodium azide with nickel(II) triflate yielded the mononuclear title complex, [Ni(N3)2(C12H8N4S)2]. The Ni(II) ion is located on a centre of symmetry and is octa-hedrally coordinated by four N atoms of the two bidentate heterocyclic ligands in the equatorial plane. The axial positions are occupied by the N atoms of two almost linear azide ions [N-N-N = 178.8 (2)°]. The thia-diazole and pyridine rings of the heterocyclic ligand are almost coplanar, with a maximum deviation from the mean plane of 0.0802 (9) Å. The cohesion of the crystal structure is ensured by π-π inter-actions between parallel pyridine rings of neighbouring mol-ecules [centroid-to-centroid distance = 3.6413 (14) Å], leading to a layered arrangement of the mol-ecules parallel to (001).

  14. Crystal structure of bis­(azido-κN)bis­[2,5-bis­(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia­diazole-κ2 N 2,N 3]nickel(II)

    PubMed Central

    Laachir, Abdelhakim; Bentiss, Fouad; Guesmi, Salaheddine; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    Reaction of 2,5-bis­(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia­diazole and sodium azide with nickel(II) triflate yielded the mononuclear title complex, [Ni(N3)2(C12H8N4S)2]. The NiII ion is located on a centre of symmetry and is octa­hedrally coordinated by four N atoms of the two bidentate heterocyclic ligands in the equatorial plane. The axial positions are occupied by the N atoms of two almost linear azide ions [N—N—N = 178.8 (2)°]. The thia­diazole and pyridine rings of the heterocyclic ligand are almost coplanar, with a maximum deviation from the mean plane of 0.0802 (9) Å. The cohesion of the crystal structure is ensured by π–π inter­actions between parallel pyridine rings of neighbouring mol­ecules [centroid-to-centroid distance = 3.6413 (14) Å], leading to a layered arrangement of the mol­ecules parallel to (001). PMID:25878837

  15. Synergistic extraction and spectrophotometric determination of copper(II) using 1-(2',4'-dinitro aminophenyl)-4,4,6-trimethyl-1,4-dihydropyrimidine-2-thiol: Analysis of alloys, pharmaceuticals and biological samples

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamble, Ganesh S.; Kolekar, Sanjay S.; Anuse, Mansing A.

    2011-05-01

    A simple and selective spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of copper(II) with 1-(2',4'-dinitro aminophenyl)-4,4,6-trimethyl-1,4-dihydropyrimidine-2-thiol [2',4'-dinitro APTPT] as a chromogenic reagent. The procedure was based on the synergistic extraction of copper(II) with 2',4'-dinitro APTPT in the presence of 0.5 mol L -1 pyridine to give green colored ternary complex of a molar ratio 1:2:2 (M:L:Py) in the pH range 8.7-10.5. It exhibits a maximum absorption of colored complex at 445 nm and 645 nm in chloroform against the reagent blank. Beer's law was followed in the concentration range 10-80 μg mL -1 of copper(II) and optimum range of 20-70 μg mL -1 the metal as evaluated from Ringbom's plot. The molar absorptivity and Sandell's sensitivity of copper(II)-2',4'-dinitro APTPT-pyridine complex in chloroform are 0.87 × 10 3 L mol -1 cm -1 and 0.072 μg cm -2, respectively. The interfering effects of various cations and anions were also studied, and use of suitable masking agents enhances the selectivity of the method. The proposed method is rapid, reproducible and successfully applied for the determination of copper(II) in binary and synthetic mixtures, alloys, pharmaceutical formulations, environmental and fertilizer samples. Comparison of the results with those obtained using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer also tested the validity of the method.

  16. Ligand effects on the structure and magnetic properties of alternating copper(II) chains with 2,2'-bipyrimidine- and polymethyl-substituted pyrazolates as bridging ligands.

    PubMed

    Castro, Isabel; Calatayud, M Luisa; Barros, Wdeson P; Carranza, José; Julve, Miguel; Lloret, Francesc; Marino, Nadia; De Munno, Giovanni

    2014-06-02

    A novel series of heteroleptic copper(II) compounds of formulas {[Cu2(μ-H2O)(μ-pz)2(μ-bpm)(ClO4)(H2O)]ClO4·2H2O}n (1), {[Cu2(μ-H2O)(μ-3-Mepz)2(μ-bpm)](ClO4)2·2H2O}n (2), and {[Cu2(μ-OH)(μ-3,5-Me2pz)(μ-bpm)(H-3,5-Me2pz)2](ClO4)2}n (3) [bpm = 2,2'-bipyrimidine, Hpz = pyrazole, H-3-Mepz = 3-methylpyrazole, and H-3,5-Me2pz = 3,5-dimethylpyrazole] have been synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction methods. The crystal structures of 1 and 2 consist of copper(II) chains with regular alternating bpm and bis(pyrazolate)(aqua) bridges, whereas that of 3 is made up of copper(II) chains with regular alternating bpm and (pyrazolate)(hydroxo) bridges. The copper centers are six- (1) or five-coordinate (2) in axially elongated, octahedral (1) or square-pyramidal (2) environments in 1 and 2, whereas they are five-coordinate in distorted trigonal-bipyramidal surroundings in 3. The values of the copper-copper separations across the bpm/pyrazolate bridges are 5.5442(7)/3.3131(6) (1), 5.538(1)/3.235(1) (2), and 5.7673(7)/3.3220(6) Å (3). The magnetic properties of 1-3 have been investigated in the temperature range of 25-300 K. The analysis of their magnetic susceptibility data through the isotropic Hamiltonian for an alternating antiferromagnetic copper(II) chain model [H = -J∑i=1-n/2 (S2i·S2i-1 + αS2i·S2i+1), with α = J'/J and Si = SCu = 1/2] reveals the presence of a strong to moderate antiferromagnetic coupling through the bis(pyrazolate)(aqua) [-J = 217 (1) and 215 cm(-1) (2)] and (pyrazolate)(hydroxo) bridges [-J = 153 cm(-1) (3)], respectively, whereas a strong to weak antiferromagnetic coupling occurs through the bis-bidentate bpm [-J' = 211 (1), 213 (2), and 44 cm(-1) (3)]. A simple orbital analysis of the magnetic exchange interaction within the bpm- and pyrazolate-bridged dicopper(II) fragments of 1-3 visualizes the σ-type pathways involving the (dx(2)-y(2)) (1 and 2) or d(z(2)) (3) magnetic orbitals on each metal ion, which account

  17. Synthesis, spectroscopic identification, thermal, potentiometric and antibacterial activity studies of 4-amino-5-mercapto-S-triazole Schiff's base complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Zayed, Mohamed E.; Alharbi, Suliman A.; Ammar, Reda A. A.; Chinnathambi, Arunachalam

    2015-05-01

    Complexes of manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) of general composition [M(L)2] have been synthesized [L = 4-pyridin-2-yl-methylene amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol]. The elemental analyses, molar conductance, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, mass), magnetic moment and thermal measurements studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the ligand acts as a tridentate manner (SNN). The molar conductance of the metal complexes in fresh solution of DMSO lies in the range of 8.34-10.46 Ω-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. On the basis of analytical and spectroscopic techniques, octahedral geometry of the complexes was proposed. The Schiff base acts as tridentate ligand coordinated through deprotonated thiolic sulfur, azomethine nitrogen and pyridine nitrogen atoms. The ligand field parameters were calculated for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and their values were found in the range reported for a octahedral structure. The data show that the complexes have composition of ML2 type. The activation of thermodynamic parameters are calculated using Coast-Redfern, Horowitz-Metzger (HM), Piloyan-Novikova (PN) and Broido's equations. Protonation constants of Schiff base and stability constants of their binary metal complexes have been determined potentiometrically in 50% DMSO-water media at 25 °C and ionic strength 0.10 M potassium nitrate. Both the Schiff's base ligand and its complexes have been screened for antibacterial activities.

  18. Synthesis, spectroscopic, molecular orbital calculation, cytotoxic, molecular docking of DNA binding and DNA cleavage studies of transition metal complexes with N-benzylidene-N'-salicylidene-1,1-diaminopropane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Mogren, Muneerah M.; Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.; Elbohy, Salwa A. H.

    2013-10-01

    Eight mononuclear chromium(III), manganese(II), iron(III), cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) complexes of Schiff's base ligand were synthesized and determined by different physical techniques. The complexes are insoluble in common organic solvents but soluble in DMF and DMSO. The measured molar conductance values in DMSO indicate that the complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. All the eight metal complexes have been fully characterized with the help of elemental analyses, molecular weights, molar conductance values, magnetic moments and spectroscopic data. The analytical data helped to elucidate the structure of the metal complexes. The Schiff base is found to act as tridentate ligand using N2O donor set of atoms leading to an octahedral geometry for the complexes around all the metal ions. Quantum chemical calculations were performed with semi-empirical method to find the optimum geometry of the ligand and its complexes. Additionally in silico, the docking studies and the calculated pharmacokinetic parameters show promising futures for application of the ligand and complexes as high potency agents for DNA binding activity. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been investigated by UV absorption method, and the mode of CT-DNA binding to the complexes has been explored. Furthermore, the DNA cleavage activity by the complexes was performed. The Schiff base and their complexes have been screened for their antibacterial activity against bacterial strains [Staphylococcus aureus (RCMB010027), Staphylococcus epidermidis (RCMB010024), Bacillis subtilis (RCMB010063), Proteous vulgaris (RCMB 010085), Klebsiella pneumonia (RCMB 010093) and Shigella flexneri (RCMB 0100542)] and fungi [(Aspergillus fumigates (RCMB 02564), Aspergillus clavatus (RCMB 02593) and Candida albicans (RCMB05035)] by disk diffusion method. All the metal complexes have potent biocidal activity than the free ligand.

  19. Synthesis, crystal structure and DFT studies of a Zinc(II) complex of 1,3-diaminopropane (Dap), [Zn(Dap)(NCS)2][Zn(Dap)(NCS)2]n. The additional stabilizing role of S⋯π chalcogen bond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alotaibi, Mshari A.; Alharthi, Abdulrahman I.; Zierkiewicz, Wiktor; Akhtar, Muhammad; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz; Mazhar, Muhammad; Isab, Anvarhusein A.; Ahmad, Saeed

    2017-04-01

    A zinc(II) complex of 1,3-diaminopropane (Dap), [Zn(Dap)(NCS)2][Zn(Dap)(NCS)2]n (1) has been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H &13C NMR spectroscopy, and its crystal structure was determined by X-ray crystallography. The crystal structure of 1 consists of two types of molecules, a discrete monomer and a polymeric one. In the monomeric unit, the zinc atom is bound to one terminal Dap molecule and to two N-bound thiocyanate ions, while in the polymeric unit, Dap acts as a bridging ligand forming a linear chain. The Zn(II) ions in both assume a slightly distorted tetrahedral geometry. The structures of two systems: the [Zn(Dap)(NCS)2][Zn(Dap)(NCS)2]3 complex as a model of 1 and [Zn(Dap)(NCS)2]4 as a simple polymeric structure were optimized with the B3LYP-D3 method. The DFT results support that the experimentally determined structure (1) is more stable in comparison to a simple polymeric structure, [Zn(Dap)(NCS)2]n (2). The interaction energies (ΔE) for NCS anions obtained by B3LYP-D3 method are about -145 kcal mol-1, while the calculated ΔE values for neutral organic ligands are about twice smaller. The X-ray structure of 1 shows that the complex is stabilized mainly by hydrogen bonds. We also found that weak chalcogen bonds play an additional role in stabilization of compound 1. Some of the intermolecular S⋯N distances are smaller than the sum of the van der Waals radii of the corresponding atoms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that shows the structure where the trivalent sulfur is involved in formation of a S⋯π chalcogen bond. The NBO and NCI analyses confirm the existence of this kind of interactions.

  20. Copper(II) complexes of alloferon 1 with point mutations (H1A) and (H9A) stability structure and biological activity.

    PubMed

    Matusiak, Agnieszka; Kuczer, Mariola; Czarniewska, Elżbieta; Rosiński, Grzegorz; Kowalik-Jankowska, Teresa

    2014-09-01

    Mono- and polynuclear copper(II) complexes of the alloferon 1 with point mutations (H1A) A(1)GVSGH(6)GQH(9)GVH(12)G (Allo1A) and (H9A) H(1)GVSGH(6)GQA(9)GVH(12)G (Allo9A) have been studied by potentiometric, UV-visible, CD, EPR spectroscopic and mass spectrometry (MS) methods. To obtain a complete complex speciation different metal-to-ligand molar ratios ranging from 1:1 to 4:1 for Allo1A and to 3:1 for Allo9A were studied. The presence of the His residue in first position of the peptide chain changes the coordination abilities of the Allo9A peptide in comparison to that of the Allo1A. Imidazole-N3 atom of N-terminal His residue of the Allo9A peptide forms stable 6-membered chelate with the terminal amino group. Furthermore, the presence of two additional histidine residues in the Allo9A peptide (H(6),H(12)) leads to the formation of the CuL complex with 4N {NH2,NIm-H(1),NIm-H(6),NIm-H(12)} binding site in wide pH range (5-8). For the Cu(II)-Allo1A system, the results demonstrated that at physiological pH7.4 the predominant complex the CuH-1L consists of the 3N {NH2,N(-),CO,NIm} coordination mode. The inductions of phenoloxidase activity and apoptosis in vivo in Tenebrio molitor cells by the ligands and their copper(II) complexes at pH7.4 were studied. The Allo1A, Allo1K peptides and their copper(II) complexes displayed the lowest hemocytotoxic activity while the most active was the Cu(II)-Allo9A complex formed at pH7.4. The results may suggest that the N-terminal-His(1) and His(6) residues may be more important for their proapoptotic properties in insects than those at positions 9 and 12 in the peptide chain.

  1. The crystal structure of paramagnetic copper(II) oxalate (CuC₂O₄): formation and thermal decomposition of randomly stacked anisotropic nano-sized crystallites.

    PubMed

    Christensen, Axel Nørlund; Lebech, Bente; Andersen, Niels Hessel; Grivel, Jean-Claude

    2014-11-28

    Synthetic copper(II) oxalate, CuC2O4, was obtained in a precipitation reaction between a copper(II) solution and an aqueous solution of oxalic acid. The product was identified from its conventional X-ray powder patterns which match that of the copper mineral Moolooite reported to have the composition CuC2O4·0.44H2O. Time resolved in situ investigations of the thermal decomposition of copper(II) oxalate using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction showed that in air the compound converts to Cu2O at 215 °C and oxidizes to CuO at 345 °C. Thermo gravimetric analysis performed in an inert Ar-gas reveals that the material contains no crystal water and reduces to pure Cu at 295 °C. Magnetic susceptibility measurements in the temperature range from 2 K to 300 K show intriguing paramagnetic behaviour with no sign of magnetic order down to 2 K. A crystal structure investigation is made based on powder diffraction data using one neutron diffraction pattern obtained at 5 K (λ = 1.5949(1) Å) combined with one conventional and two synchrotron X-ray diffraction patterns obtained at ambient temperature using λ = 1.54056, 1.0981 and λ = 0.50483(1) Å, respectively. Based on the X-ray synchrotron data the resulting crystal structure is described in the monoclinic space group P2₁/c (#14) in the P12₁/n1 setting with unit cell parameters a = 5.9598(1) Å, b = 5.6089(1) Å, c = 5.1138 (1) Å, β = 115.320(1)°. The composition is CuC2O4 with atomic coordinates determined by FullProf refinement of the neutron diffraction data. The crystal structure consists of a random stacking of CuC2O4 micro-crystallites where half the Cu-atoms are placed at (2a) and the other half at (2b) positions with the corresponding oxalate molecules centred around the corresponding (2b) and (2a) site positions, respectively. The diffraction patterns obtained for both kinds of radiation show considerable broadening of several Bragg peaks caused by highly anisotropic microstructural size and strain

  2. Antimalarial evaluation of copper(II) nanohybrid solids: inhibition of plasmepsin II, a hemoglobin-degrading malarial aspartic protease from Plasmodium falciparum.

    PubMed

    Mohapatra, Subash Chandra; Tiwari, Hemandra Kumar; Singla, Manisha; Rathi, Brijesh; Sharma, Arun; Mahiya, Kuldeep; Kumar, Mukesh; Sinha, Saket; Chauhan, Shyam Singh

    2010-03-01

    A new class of copper(II) nanohybrid solids, LCu(CH(3)COO)(2) and LCuCl(2), have been synthesized and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and IR spectroscopy, and have been found to be capped by a bis(benzimidazole) diamide ligand (L). The particle sizes of these nanohybrid solids were found to be in the ranges 5-10 and 60-70 nm, respectively. These nanohybrid solids were evaluated for their in vitro antimalarial activity against a chloroquine-sensitive isolate of Plasmodium falciparum (MRC 2). The interactions between these nanohybrid solids and plasmepsin II (an aspartic protease and a plausible novel target for antimalarial drug development), which is believed to be essential for hemoglobin degradation by the parasite, have been assayed by UV-vis spectroscopy and inhibition kinetics using Lineweaver-Burk plots. Our results suggest that these two compounds have antimalarial activities, and the IC(50) values (0.025-0.032 microg/ml) are similar to the IC(50) value of the standard drug chloroquine used in the bioassay. Lineweaver-Burk plots for inhibition of plasmepsin II by LCu(CH(3)COO)(2) and LCuCl(2) show that the inhibition is competitive with respect to the substrate. The inhibition constants of LCu(CH(3)COO)(2) and LCuCl(2) were found to be 10 and 13 microM, respectively. The IC(50) values for inhibition of plasmepsin II by LCu(CH(3)COO)(2) and LCuCl(2) were found to be 14 and 17 microM, respectively. Copper(II) metal capped by a benzimidazole group, which resembles the histidine group of copper proteins (galactose oxidase, beta-hydroxylase), could provide a suitable anchoring site on the nanosurface and thus could be useful for inhibition of target enzymes via binding to the S1/S3 pocket of the enzyme hydrophobically. Both copper(II) nanohybrid solids were found to be nontoxic against human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and were highly selective for plasmepsin II versus human cathepsin D. The pivotal mechanism of

  3. Spectroscopic investigation into the interaction of a diazacyclam-based macrocyclic copper(ii) complex with bovine serum albumin.

    PubMed

    Shahabadi, Nahid; Hakimi, Mohammad; Morovati, Teimoor; Hadidi, Saba; Moeini, Keyvan

    2017-02-01

    Cyclam-based ligands and their complexes are known to show antitumor activity. This study was undertaken to examine the interaction of a diazacyclam-based macrocyclic copper(II) complex with bovine serum albumin (BSA) under physiological conditions. The interactions of different metal-based drugs with blood proteins, especially those with serum albumin, may affect the concentration and deactivation of metal drugs, and thereby influence their availability and toxicity during chemotherapy. In this vein, several spectral methods including UV-vis absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy techniques were used. Spectroscopic analysis of the fluorescence quenching confirmed that the Cu(II) complex quenched BSA fluorescence intensity by a dynamic mechanism. In order to further determine the quenching mechanism, an analysis of Stern-Volmer plots at various concentrations of BSA was carried out. It was found that the KSV value increased with the BSA concentration. It was suggested that the fluorescence quenching process was a dynamic quenching rather than a static quenching mechanism. Based on Förster's theory, the average binding distance between the Cu(II) complex and BSA (r) was found to be 4.98 nm; as the binding distance was less than 8 nm, energy transfer from BSA to the Cu(II) complex had a high possibility of occurrence. Thermodynamic parameters (positive ΔH and ΔS values) and measurement of competitive fluorescence with 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonic acid (1,8-ANS) indicated that hydrophobic interaction plays a major role in the Cu(II) complex interaction with BSA. A Job's plot of the results confirmed that there was one binding site in BSA for the Cu(II) complex (1:1 stoichiometry). The site marker competitive experiment confirmed that the Cu(II) complex was located in site I (subdomain IIA) of BSA. Finally, CD data indicated that interaction of the Cu(II) complex with BSA caused a small increase in the α-helical content. Copyright

  4. DNA cleavage in red light promoted by copper(II) complexes of alpha-amino acids and photoactive phenanthroline bases.

    PubMed

    Patra, Ashis K; Bhowmick, Tuhin; Ramakumar, Suryanarayanarao; Nethaji, Munirathinam; Chakravarty, Akhil R

    2008-12-28

    Ternary copper(II) complexes [Cu(L-trp)(B)(H(2)O)](NO(3)) (1-3) and [Cu(L-phe)(B)(H(2)O)](NO(3)) (4-6) of L-tryptophan (L-trp) and L-phenylalanine (L-phe) having phenanthroline bases (B), viz. 1,10-phenanthroline (phen, 1 and 4), dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq, 2 and 5) and dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz, 3 and 6), were prepared and characterized by physico-chemical techniques. Complexes 3 and 6 were structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography and show the presence of a square pyramidal (4 + 1) CuN(3)O(2) coordination geometry in which the N,O-donor amino acid (L-trp or L-phe) and N,N-donor phenanthroline base bind at the equatorial plane with an aqua ligand coordinated at the elongated axial site. Complex 3 shows significant distortion from the square pyramidal geometry and a strong intramolecular pi-pi stacking interaction between the pendant indole ring of L-trp and the planar dppz aromatic moiety. All the complexes display good binding propensity to the calf thymus DNA giving an order: 3,6 (dppz) > 2,5 (dpq) > 1,4 (phen). The binding constant (K(b)) values are in the range of 2.1 x 10(4)-1.1 x 10(6) mol(-1) with the binding site size (s) values of 0.17-0.63. The phen and dpq complexes are minor groove binders while the dppz analogues bind at the DNA major groove. Theoretical DNA docking studies on 2 and 3 show the close proximity of two photosensitizers, viz. the indole moiety of L-trp and the quinoxaline/phenazine of the dpq/dppz bases, to the complementary DNA strands. Complexes 2 and 3 show oxidative DNA double strand breaks (dsb) of supercoiled (SC) DNA forming a significant quantity of linear DNA along with the nicked circular (NC) form on photoexposure to UV-A light of 365 nm and red light of 647.1 nm (Ar-Kr laser). Complexes 1,5 and 6 show only single strand breaks (ssb) forming NC DNA. The red light induced DNA cleavage involves metal-assisted photosensitization of L-trp and dpq/dppz base resulting in the formation of a reactive

  5. Remarkable photocytotoxicity in hypoxic HeLa cells by a dipyridophenazine copper(II) Schiff base thiolate.

    PubMed

    Lahiri, Debojyoti; Majumdar, Ritankar; Mallick, Dibyendu; Goswami, Tridib K; Dighe, Rajan R; Chakravarty, Akhil R

    2011-08-01

    Copper(II) complexes [Cu(satp)(L)] (1-3) of a Schiff base thiolate (salicylidene-2-aminothiophenol, H2satp) and phenanthroline bases (L), viz. 1,10-phenanthroline (phen in 1), dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq in 2) and dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz in 3), were prepared, characterized and their anaerobic DNA photocleavage activity and hypoxic photocytotoxicity studied. The redox active complexes show the Cu(II)-Cu(I) couple near -0.5 V for 1 and near 0.0 V vs. SCE (saturated calomel electrode) for 2 and 3. The one-electron paramagnetic complexes (~1.85 μB) are avid DNA binders giving Kb values within 1.0×10(5)-8.0×10(5) M(-1). Thermal melting and viscosity data along with molecular docking calculations suggest DNA groove and/or partial intercalative binding of the complexes. The complexes show anaerobic DNA cleavage activity in red light under argon via type-I pathway, while DNA photocleavage in air proceeds via hydroxyl radical pathway. The DFT (density functional theory) calculations reveal a thyil radical pathway for the anaerobic DNA photocleavage activity and suggest the possibility of generation of a transient copper(I) species due to bond breakage between the copper and sulfur to generate the thyil radical. An oxidation of the copper(I) species is likely by oxygen in an aerobic medium or by the buffer medium in an anaerobic condition. Complex 3 exhibits significant photocytotoxicity in HeLa cells (IC50=8.3(±1.0) μM) in visible light, while showing lower dark toxicity (IC50=17.2(±1.0) μM). A significant reduction in the dark toxicity is observed under hypoxic cellular conditions (IC50=30.0(±1.0) μM in dark), while retaining its photocytotoxicity (IC50=8.0(±1.0) μM).

  6. In Vitro Activity of Copper(II) Complexes, Loaded or Unloaded into a Nanostructured Lipid System, against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Patricia B.; de Souza, Paula C.; Calixto, Giovana Maria Fioramonti; Lopes, Erica de O.; Frem, Regina C. G.; Netto, Adelino V. G.; Mauro, Antonio E.; Pavan, Fernando R.; Chorilli, Marlus

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused mainly by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), presenting 9.5 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths in 2014. The aim of this study was to evaluate a nanostructured lipid system (NLS) composed of 10% phase oil (cholesterol), 10% surfactant (soy phosphatidylcholine, sodium oleate), and Eumulgin® HRE 40 ([castor oil polyoxyl-40-hydrogenated] in a proportion of 3:6:8), and an 80% aqueous phase (phosphate buffer pH = 7.4) as a tactic to enhance the in vitro anti-Mtb activity of the copper(II) complexes [CuCl2(INH)2]·H2O (1), [Cu(NCS)2(INH)2]·5H2O (2) and [Cu(NCO)2(INH)2]·4H2O (3). The Cu(II) complex-loaded NLS displayed sizes ranging from 169.5 ± 0.7095 to 211.1 ± 0.8963 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) varying from 0.135 ± 0.0130 to 0.236 ± 0.00100, and zeta potential ranging from −0.00690 ± 0.0896 to −8.43 ± 1.63 mV. Rheological analysis showed that the formulations behave as non-Newtonian fluids of the pseudoplastic and viscoelastic type. Antimycobacterial activities of the free complexes and NLS-loaded complexes against Mtb H37Rv ATCC 27294 were evaluated by the REMA methodology, and the selectivity index (SI) was calculated using the cytotoxicity index (IC50) against Vero (ATCC® CCL-81), J774A.1 (ATCC® TIB-67), and MRC-5 (ATCC® CCL-171) cell lines. The data suggest that the incorporation of the complexes into NLS improved the inhibitory action against Mtb by 52-, 27-, and 4.7-fold and the SI values by 173-, 43-, and 7-fold for the compounds 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The incorporation of the complexes 1, 2 and 3 into the NLS also resulted in a significant decrease of toxicity towards an alternative model (Artemia salina L.). These findings suggest that the NLS may be considered as a platform for incorporation of metallic complexes aimed at the treatment of TB. PMID:27196901

  7. Theoretical Proposal for the Whole Phosphate Diester Hydrolysis Mechanism Promoted by a Catalytic Promiscuous Dinuclear Copper(II) Complex.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Lucas F; Rey, Nicolás A; Dos Santos, Hélio F; Costa, Luiz Antônio S

    2016-03-21

    The catalytic mechanism that involves the cleavage of the phosphate diester model BDNPP (bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) phosphate) catalyzed through a dinuclear copper complex is investigated in the current study. The metal complex was originally designed to catalyze catechol oxidation, and it showed an interesting catalytic promiscuity case in biomimetic systems. The current study investigates two different reaction mechanisms through quantum mechanics calculations in the gas phase, and it also includes the solvent effect through PCM (polarizable continuum model) single-point calculations using water as solvent. Two mechanisms are presented in order to fully describe the phosphate diester hydrolysis. Mechanism 1 is of the S(N)2 type, which involves the direct attack of the μ-OH bridge between the two copper(II) ions toward the phosphorus center, whereas mechanism 2 is the process in which hydrolysis takes place through proton transfer between the oxygen atom in the bridging hydroxo ligand and the other oxygen atom in the phosphate model. Actually, the present theoretical study shows two possible reaction paths in mechanism 1. Its first reaction path (p1) involves a proton transfer that occurs immediately after the hydrolytic cleavage, so that the proton transfer is the rate-determining step, which is followed by the entry of two water molecules. Its second reaction path (p2) consists of the entry of two water molecules right after the hydrolytic cleavage, but with no proton transfer; thus, hydrolytic cleavage is the rate-limiting step. The most likely catalytic path occurs in mechanism 1, following the second reaction path (p2), since it involves the lowest free energy activation barrier (ΔG(⧧) = 23.7 kcal mol(-1), in aqueous solution). A kinetic analysis showed that the experimental k(obs) value of 1.7 × 10(-5) s(-1) agrees with the calculated value k1 = 2.6 × 10(-5) s(-1); the concerted mechanism is kinetically favorable. The KIE (kinetic isotope effect) analysis

  8. In Vitro Activity of Copper(II) Complexes, Loaded or Unloaded into a Nanostructured Lipid System, against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Silva, Patricia B da; Souza, Paula C de; Calixto, Giovana Maria Fioramonti; Lopes, Erica de O; Frem, Regina C G; Netto, Adelino V G; Mauro, Antonio E; Pavan, Fernando R; Chorilli, Marlus

    2016-05-17

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused mainly by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), presenting 9.5 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths in 2014. The aim of this study was to evaluate a nanostructured lipid system (NLS) composed of 10% phase oil (cholesterol), 10% surfactant (soy phosphatidylcholine, sodium oleate), and Eumulgin(®) HRE 40 ([castor oil polyoxyl-40-hydrogenated] in a proportion of 3:6:8), and an 80% aqueous phase (phosphate buffer pH = 7.4) as a tactic to enhance the in vitro anti-Mtb activity of the copper(II) complexes [CuCl₂(INH)₂]·H₂O (1), [Cu(NCS)₂(INH)₂]·5H₂O (2) and [Cu(NCO)₂(INH)₂]·4H₂O (3). The Cu(II) complex-loaded NLS displayed sizes ranging from 169.5 ± 0.7095 to 211.1 ± 0.8963 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) varying from 0.135 ± 0.0130 to 0.236 ± 0.00100, and zeta potential ranging from -0.00690 ± 0.0896 to -8.43 ± 1.63 mV. Rheological analysis showed that the formulations behave as non-Newtonian fluids of the pseudoplastic and viscoelastic type. Antimycobacterial activities of the free complexes and NLS-loaded complexes against Mtb H37Rv ATCC 27294 were evaluated by the REMA methodology, and the selectivity index (SI) was calculated using the cytotoxicity index (IC50) against Vero (ATCC(®) CCL-81), J774A.1 (ATCC(®) TIB-67), and MRC-5 (ATCC(®) CCL-171) cell lines. The data suggest that the incorporation of the complexes into NLS improved the inhibitory action against Mtb by 52-, 27-, and 4.7-fold and the SI values by 173-, 43-, and 7-fold for the compounds 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The incorporation of the complexes 1, 2 and 3 into the NLS also resulted in a significant decrease of toxicity towards an alternative model (Artemia salina L.). These findings suggest that the NLS may be considered as a platform for incorporation of metallic complexes aimed at the treatment of TB.

  9. High adsorptive γ-AlOOH(boehmite)@SiO2/Fe3O4 porous magnetic microspheres for detection of toxic metal ions in drinking water.

    PubMed

    Wei, Yan; Yang, Ran; Zhang, Yong-Xing; Wang, Lun; Liu, Jin-Huai; Huang, Xing-Jiu

    2011-10-21

    γ-AlOOH(boehmite)@SiO(2)/Fe(3)O(4) porous magnetic microspheres with high adsorption capacity toward heavy metal ions were found to be useful for the simultaneous and selective electrochemical detection of five metal ions, such as ultratrace zinc(II), cadmium(II), lead(II), copper(II), and mercury(II), in drinking water.

  10. New dinuclear nickel(II) and iron(II) complexes with a macrocyclic ligand containing a N6S2 donor-set: synthesis, structural, MALDI-TOF-MS, magnetic and spectroscopic studies.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Cristina; Bastida, Rufina; Macías, Alejandro; Valencia, Laura; Ribas, Joan; Capelo, José Luis; Lodeiro, Carlos

    2010-09-07

    A series of dinuclear Ni(II) and Fe(II) complexes with a Py(2)N(4)S(2) coordinating octadentate macrocyclic ligand L prepared by direct reactions have been studied. The overall geometry and bonding mode have been deduced on the basis of elemental analysis data, infrared, MALDI-TOF-MS, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. In general both M(2+) centres are sited into the macrocyclic cavity coordinated to a pyridinic nitrogen atom, one sulfur atom, two secondary amine groups from the macrocyclic backbone and completing the coordination spheres with two solvent or anionic molecules in a distorted octahedral geometry, except in the case of [Ni(2)L(mu-Cl)(H(2)O)(2)](BF(4))(3).2H(2)O, where the metal ions are sited in the macrocyclic cavity coordinated to a pyridinic nitrogen atom, one sulfur atom, two secondary amine groups from the macrocyclic backbone, one water molecule and one chloride ion acting as a bridge between the two centres in a distorted octahedral geometry. The magnetic properties of the nickel(II) complexes, [Ni(2)L(CH(3)CN)(4)](BF(4))(4).3.5CH(3)CN (11) and [Ni(2)L(mu-Cl)(H(2)O)(2)](BF(4))(3).2H(2)O (12) has been recorded in the solid state and indicates an unexpected ferromagnetic exchange in both cases, especially in compound 11 because no similar systems are previously reported in the literature presenting this magnetic behaviour. Further complexes with similar ligands are in progress to corroborate this unexpected ferromagnetic behaviour.

  11. Synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of regular alternating μ-bpm/di-μ-X copper(II) chains (bpm = 2,2'-bipyrimidine; X = OH, F).

    PubMed

    Marino, Nadia; Armentano, Donatella; De Munno, Giovanni; Cano, Joan; Lloret, Francesc; Julve, Miguel

    2012-04-02

    The preparation and X-ray crystal structure of four 2,2'-bipyrimidine (bpm)-containing copper(II) complexes of formula {[Cu(2)(μ-bpm)(H(2)O)(4)(μ-OH)(2)][Mn(H(2)O)(6)](SO(4))(2)}(n) (1), {[Cu(2)(μ-bpm)(H(2)O)(4)(μ-OH)(2)]SiF(6)}(n) (2), {Cu(2)(μ-bpm)(H(2)O)(2)(μ-F)(2)F(2)}(n) (3), and [Cu(bpm)(H(2)O)(2)F(NO(3))][Cu(bpm)(H(2)O)(3)F]NO(3)·2H(2)O (4) are reported. The structures of 1-3 consist of chains of copper(II) ions with regular alternation of bis-bidentate bpm and di-μ-hydroxo (1 and 2) or di-μ-fluoro (3) groups, the electroneutrality being achieved by either hexaaqua manganese(II) cations plus uncoordinated sulfate anions (1), uncoordinated hexafluorosilicate anions (2), or terminally bound fluoride ligands (3). Each copper(II) ion in 1-4 is six-coordinated in elongated octahedral surroundings. 1 and 2 show identical, linear chain motifs with two bpm-nitrogen atoms and two hydroxo groups building the equatorial plane at each copper(II) ion and the axial position being filled by water molecules. In the case of 3, the axial sites at the copper atom are occupied by a bpm-nitrogen atom and a bis-monodentate fluoride anion, producing a "step-like" chain motif. The values of the angle at the hydroxo and fluoro bridges are 94.11(6) (1), 94.75(4) (2), and 101.43(4)° (3). In each case, the copper-copper separation through the bis-bidentate bpm [5.428(1) (1), 5.449(1) (2), and 5.9250(4) Å (3)] is considerably longer than that through the di-μ-hydroxo [2.8320(4) (1) and 2.824(1) Å (2)] or di-μ-fluoro [3.3027(4) Å (3)] bridges. Compound 4 is a mononuclear species whose structure is made up of neutral [Cu(bpm)(H(2)O)(2)F(NO(3))] units, [Cu(bpm)(H(2)O)(3)F](+) cations, uncoordinated nitrate anions, and crystallization water molecules, giving rise to a pseudo-helical, one-dimensional (1D) supramolecular motif. The magnetic properties of 1-3 have been investigated in the temperature range 1.9-300 K. Relatively large, alternating antiferro- [J = -149 (1) and

  12. Synthesis, spectral, photolysis and electrochemical studies of mononuclear copper(II) complex with a new asymmetric tetradentate ligand: Application as copper nanoparticle precursor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Habibi, Mohammad Hossein; Mikhak, Maryam

    2012-10-01

    A copper(II) complex with asymmetric tetradentate Schiff base ligand, obtained by the single condensation of 1,2-diaminopropane with 2-hydroxy-5-methoxy benzaldehyde was prepared. The ligand and complex were characterized by their IR, UV-Vis, FT-IR, NMR spectra and CV. Crystal structures of the mononuclear copper complex have been obtained by X-ray diffraction studies which revealed to be distorted square planner coordination geometry. The spectral data confirm coordination of ligand to copper ion center. The redox properties of complex at different scan rates exhibit grossly similar features consisting of an electrochemically pseudo-reversible Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction at ca. -0.97 V and pseudo-reversible Cu(I)/Cu(II) oxidation at ca. -0.81 V. The copper nanoparticles with average size of 73 nm were formed by thermal reduction of copper complex in the presence of triphenylphosphine.

  13. Oxidation of phenyl propyne catalyzed by copper(II) complexes of a benzimidazolyl schiff base ligand: Effect of acid/base, oxidant, surfactant and morphology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Ravinder; Mathur, Pavan

    2015-02-01

    Copper(II) complexes with a new N-Substituted benzimidazolyl schiff base ligand are used as catalyst for the oxidation of 1-phenyl propyne. The oxidation is carried out under mild conditions using stoichiometric amounts of oxidant and catalytic amounts of Cu(II) complex as catalyst. Effect of acid/base, oxidant, morphology and surfactant has been studied. Two major products of phenyl propyne oxidation are the α-diketonic product and a terminal aldehyde. Diketone is the major product under acidic conditions while aldehyde formation is highest under basic conditions. The maximum conversion is found with the NO3- bound complex. GC-MS is used to find the percentage yields of products. SEM and PXRD of the reused complexes as catalyst suggest that morphology affects the catalytic efficiency.

  14. Cytotoxic, antibacterial, DNA interaction and superoxide dismutase like activities of sparfloxacin drug based copper(II) complexes with nitrogen donor ligands.

    PubMed

    Patel, Mohan N; Joshi, Hardik N; Patel, Chintan R

    2013-03-01

    The novel neutral mononuclear copper(II) complexes with fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug, sparfloxacin and nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand have been synthesized and characterized. An antimicrobial efficiency of the complexes has been tested against five different microorganisms and showed diverse biological activity. The interaction of complex with Herring sperm (HS) DNA was investigated using viscosity titration and absorption titration techniques. The results indicate that the complexes bind to DNA by intercalative mode and have rather high DNA-binding constants. DNA cleavage study showed better cleaving ability of the complexes compare to metal salt and standard drug. All the complexes showed good cytotoxic activity with LC(50) values ranging from 4.89 to 11.94 μg mL(-1). Complexes also exhibit SOD-like activity with their IC(50) values ranging from 0.717 to 1.848 μM.

  15. A new copper(II) complex with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone and 2,2-bipyridine: Crystal structure, spectral properties and cytotoxic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopes, P. S.; Paixão, D. A.; de Paula, F. C. S.; Ferreira, A. M. D. C.; Ellena, J.; Guilardi, S.; Pereira-Maia, E. C.; Guerra, W.

    2013-02-01

    This work reports the synthesis and characterization of a new copper(II) complex with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) and 2,2-bipyridine (bipy). The complex was characterized by elemental analysis, UV-Vis, IR and EPR. The crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The copper ion has a distorted square-pyramidal geometry and is coordinated to two bidentate ligands (HTTA and bipy) and a perchlorate ion weakly bonded in the apical position. The crystal packing is stabilized by non-classical hydrogen bonds and weak interactions π-π stacking. In the copper complex, the metal ion binds to HTTA via the oxygen atoms of the β-diketone group and to bipy via its two heterocyclic nitrogens. The title compound inhibits the growth of K562 cells with an IC50 value equal to 28.2 μmol L-1.

  16. Synthesis, structure and in vitro pharmacological evaluation of a novel 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde (2'-methylbenzoyl) hydrazone bridged copper(II) coordination polymer.

    PubMed

    Senthil Raja, Duraisamy; Ramachandran, Eswaran; Bhuvanesh, Nattamai S P; Natarajan, Karuppannan

    2013-06-01

    A novel ligand bridged copper(II) coordination polymer, [Cu(HL)(NO3)]n has been synthesized by reacting 2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbaldehyde (2'-methylbenzoyl) hydrazone (H2L) with Cu(NO3)2·3H2O, and characterized by X-ray diffraction studies. The DNA interaction studies revealed that the compounds could interact with CT-DNA through intercalation. A gel electrophoresis assay demonstrated the ability of the complex to cleave the pBR322 plasmid DNA. The protein binding studies indicated that the complex exhibited strong binding affinities. Investigations of antioxidative properties showed that the polymeric Cu(II) complex has strong radical scavenging potencies. The cytotoxic effect of the compounds showed that the polymeric complex exhibited excellent anticancer activity against Hep G2, and A431 cells which is six to ten times better than that of well-known commercial anticancer drug, cisplatin.

  17. Variation in DNA binding constants with a change in geometry of ternary copper(II) complexes with N2O donor Schiff base and cyanate or dicyanamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jana, Subrata; Santra, Ramesh Chandra; Das, Saurabh; Chattopadhyay, Shouvik

    2014-09-01

    Two new copper(II) complexes, [Cu(L)(OCN)] (1) and [CuL(dca)]n (2), where HL = 2-(-(2-(diethylamino)ethylimino)methyl)naphthalen-1-ol, dca = N(CN)2-, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-VIS spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Complex 1 has square planar and complex 2 square pyramidal geometries in solid state around metal centre. Interactions of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) were studied by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Binding constant and site size of interaction were determined. Binding site size and intrinsic binding constant K revealed complex 1 interacted with calf thymus DNA better than complex 2.

  18. Synthesis, spectral, photolysis and electrochemical studies of mononuclear copper(II) complex with a new asymmetric tetradentate ligand: application as copper nanoparticle precursor.

    PubMed

    Habibi, Mohammad Hossein; Mikhak, Maryam

    2012-10-01

    A copper(II) complex with asymmetric tetradentate Schiff base ligand, obtained by the single condensation of 1,2-diaminopropane with 2-hydroxy-5-methoxy benzaldehyde was prepared. The ligand and complex were characterized by their IR, UV-Vis, FT-IR, NMR spectra and CV. Crystal structures of the mononuclear copper complex have been obtained by X-ray diffraction studies which revealed to be distorted square planner coordination geometry. The spectral data confirm coordination of ligand to copper ion center. The redox properties of complex at different scan rates exhibit grossly similar features consisting of an electrochemically pseudo-reversible Cu(II)/Cu(I) reduction at ca. -0.97 V and pseudo-reversible Cu(I)/Cu(II) oxidation at ca. -0.81 V. The copper nanoparticles with average size of 73 nm were formed by thermal reduction of copper complex in the presence of triphenylphosphine.

  19. Cytotoxic, antibacterial, DNA interaction and superoxide dismutase like activities of sparfloxacin drug based copper(II) complexes with nitrogen donor ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Mohan N.; Joshi, Hardik N.; Patel, Chintan R.

    2013-03-01

    The novel neutral mononuclear copper(II) complexes with fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug, sparfloxacin and nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand have been synthesized and characterized. An antimicrobial efficiency of the complexes has been tested against five different microorganisms and showed diverse biological activity. The interaction of complex with Herring sperm (HS) DNA was investigated using viscosity titration and absorption titration techniques. The results indicate that the complexes bind to DNA by intercalative mode and have rather high DNA-binding constants. DNA cleavage study showed better cleaving ability of the complexes compare to metal salt and standard drug. All the complexes showed good cytotoxic activity with LC50 values ranging from 4.89 to 11.94 μg mL-1. Complexes also exhibit SOD-like activity with their IC50 values ranging from 0.717 to 1.848 μM.

  20. Investigation of copper(II) binding to the protein precursor of Non-Amyloid-Beta Component of Alzheimer Disease Amyloid Plaque

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rose, Francis; Hodak, Miroslav; Bernholc, Jerry

    2007-03-01

    The Non-Amyloid-Beta Component Precursor (NACP) is a natively unfolded synaptic protein that is implicated in Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases. Its aggregation into fibrillar structures is accelerated by the binding of copper(II). Experimental studies suggest that the dominant copper binding site is located at the histidine residue in NACP. Based on this evidence we assembled a model fragment of the binding site and used DFT to analyze the conformational details of the most probable binding motifs. We investigated the overall conformational effects with classical MD by constraining the copper binding site to the most energetically favorable geometry obtained from the DFT calculations. These results are compared and contrasted with those of the unbound NACP.

  1. Facile "living" radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate in the presence of iniferter agents: homogeneous and highly efficient catalysis from copper(II) acetate.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Hongjuan; Zhang, Lifen; Jiang, Xiaowu; Bao, Xiaoguang; Cheng, Zhenping; Zhu, Xiulin

    2014-08-01

    A facile homogeneous polymerization system involving the iniferter agent 1-cyano-1-methylethyl diethyldithiocarbamate (MANDC) and copper(II) acetate (Cu(OAc)2 ) is successfully developed in bulk using methyl methacylate (MMA) as a model monomer. The detailed polymerization kinetics with different molar ratios (e.g., [MMA]0 /[MANDC]0 /[Cu(OAc)2 ]0 = 500/1/x (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0)) demonstrate that this system has the typical "living"/controlled features of "living" radical polymerization, even with ppm level catalyst Cu(OAc)2 , first order polymerization kinetics, a linear increase in molecular weight with monomer conversion and narrow molecular weight distributions for the resultant PMMA. (1) H NMR spectra and chain-extension experiments further confirm the "living" characteristics of this process. A plausible mechanism is discussed.

  2. Structure, spectroscopy, and theory calculations of mononuclear mixed-ligand copper(II) complex with malonate and 2-propylimidazole, [Cu(mal)(PIM) 2(H 2O)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Xian; Cui, Guang-Hua; Li, De-Jie; Wu, Shang-Zhuo; Yu, Ya-Mei

    2010-05-01

    A mononuclear copper(II) complex, [Cu(mal)(PIM) 2(H 2O)] (1) [mal = malonate dianion, PIM = 2-propylimidazole] has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, TG-DTA, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The center Cu(II) atom in the complex has a distorted square-pyramidal geometry, being coordinated by two nitrogen atoms and three oxygen atoms. Density Functional Theory (DFT) with the B3LYP method and time-dependent DFT calculations were performed to provide insight into the structural, electronic, and electronic spectroscopic properties of the complex 1, and the UV-Vis spectrum of the title compound has been discussed on this basis. All the absorption bands in UV-Vis spectrum are mostly π/( P, σ) → d x2-y2 ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) transition, together with partial d → d ligand field (LF) transition.

  3. Oxidation of phenyl propyne catalyzed by copper(II) complexes of a benzimidazolyl schiff base ligand: effect of acid/base, oxidant, surfactant and morphology.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ravinder; Mathur, Pavan

    2015-02-05

    Copper(II) complexes with a new N-Substituted benzimidazolyl schiff base ligand are used as catalyst for the oxidation of 1-phenyl propyne. The oxidation is carried out under mild conditions using stoichiometric amounts of oxidant and catalytic amounts of Cu(II) complex as catalyst. Effect of acid/base, oxidant, morphology and surfactant has been studied. Two major products of phenyl propyne oxidation are the α-diketonic product and a terminal aldehyde. Diketone is the major product under acidic conditions while aldehyde formation is highest under basic conditions. The maximum conversion is found with the NO3(-) bound complex. GC-MS is used to find the percentage yields of products. SEM and PXRD of the reused complexes as catalyst suggest that morphology affects the catalytic efficiency.

  4. Cytotoxic, pro-apoptotic, pro-oxidant, and non-genotoxic activities of a novel copper(II) complex against human cervical cancer.

    PubMed

    Frías González, Susana E; Angeles Anguiano, Enrique; Mendoza Herrera, Alberto; Escutia Calzada, Daniel; Ordaz Pichardo, Cynthia

    2013-12-06

    Cisplatin remains one of the most effective current chemotherapeutic agents; however, metal complexes synthesis has increased in order to produce new anti-neoplastic drugs with DNA binding and apoptotic activities in tumor cells and less toxicity for patients. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic activity of a novel copper(II) complex (LQM402) against cervical cancer cell lines and found that LQM402 exhibited selective cytotoxicity against HeLa and Ca Ski cells. FITC-annexin assay and DNA fragmentation indicated that apoptosis could be involved in HeLa cell death. Caspase 3/7 and cytochrome c analysis by immunoblotting suggest the intrinsic pathway. LQM402 is a lipid peroxidation inductor according to TBARS production. Additionally, the Ames and micronucleus tests demonstrated non-genotoxic activity for this compound in Salmonella typhimurium and CD1 mice, respectively. Therefore, LQM402 may be a promising and safe anti-cervical cancer compound.

  5. Development of pyridine-containing macrocyclic copper(II) complexes: potential role in the redox modulation of oxaliplatin toxicity in human breast cells.

    PubMed

    Fernandes, Ana S; Costa, Judite; Gaspar, Jorge; Rueff, José; Cabral, M Fátima; Cipriano, Madalena; Castro, Matilde; Oliveira, Nuno G

    2012-09-01

    The unique redox and catalytic chemistry of Cu has justified the development of novel Cu complexes for different therapeutic uses including cancer therapy. In this work, four pyridine-containing aza-macrocyclic copper(II) complexes were prepared (CuL1-CuL4) varying in ring size and/or substituents and their superoxide scavenging activity evaluated. CuL3, the most active superoxide scavenger, was further studied as a modulator of the cytotoxicity of oxaliplatin in epithelial breast MCF10A cells and in MCF7 breast cancer cells. Our results show that CuL3 enhances the therapeutic window of oxaliplatin, by both protecting non-tumour cells and increasing its cytotoxic effect in breast carcinoma cells. CuL3 is thus a promising complex to be further studied and to be used as a lead compound for the optimization of novel chemotherapy sensitizers.

  6. Synthesis, characterisation and adsorption properties of a porous copper(II) 3D coordination polymer exhibiting strong binding enthalpy and adsorption capacity for carbon dioxide.

    PubMed

    Eckold, Pierre; Gee, William J; Hill, Matthew R; Batten, Stuart R

    2012-11-21

    The synthesis and characterisation of microporous coordination polymers containing copper(II) or cobalt(II) and 2-(pyridin-4-yl)malonaldehyde (Hpma) is described and the gas adsorption properties evaluated. Single-crystal X-ray structure determinations identified the structures as [M(pma)(2)]·2X (M = Cu, 1; Co, 2; X = MeOH, MeCN), which contain 3D networks with rutile topology and continuous 1D rectangular channels with diameters ranging from 3 to 4 Å. The materials exhibit low BET surface areas of 143 m(2) g(-1), but possess large capacities for carbon dioxide capture of 14.1 wt%. The small pore channels are shown to account for this, delivering a particularly strong binding enthalpy to adsorbed CO(2) of 38 kJ mol(-1), and a very large adsorption capacity relative to the low surface area.

  7. Synthesis, spectral characterization, molecular modeling, thermal study and biological evaluation of transition metal complexes of a bidentate Schiff base ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Bargujar, Savita; Nirwal, Rita; Qanungo, Kushal; Sharma, Saroj K.

    2013-09-01

    Complexes of copper(II) and nickel(II) of general composition M(L)2X2, have been synthesized [where L = 3-Bromoacetophenone thiosemicarbazone and X = CH3COO-, Cl- and NO3-]. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moments, IR, electronic and EPR spectral studies. The ligand behaved as bidentate and coordinated through sulfur of sbnd Cdbnd S group and nitrogen atoms of sbnd Cdbnd N group. The copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes were found to have magnetic moments 1.94-2.02 BM, 2.96-3.02 BM respectively which was corresponding to one and two unpaired electrons respectively. The molar conductance of the complexes in solution of DMSO lies in the range of 10-20 Ω-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. On the basis of EPR, electronic and infrared spectral studies, tetragonal geometry has been assigned for copper(II) complexes and an octahedral geometry for nickel(II) complexes. The values of Nephelauxetic parameter β lie in the range 0.19-0.37 which indicated the covalent character in metal ligand ‘σ' bond. Synthesized ligand and its copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes have also been screened against different bacterial and fungal species which suggested that complexes are more active than the ligands in antimicrobial activities.

  8. Extraction of silver(I) from aqueous solutions in the absence and presence of copper(II) with a methimazole-based ionic liquid.

    PubMed

    Reyna-González, Juan M; Torriero, Angel A J; Siriwardana, Amal I; Burgar, Iko M; Bond, Alan M

    2011-08-21

    The ionic liquid (IL) 2-butylthiolonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide, [mimSBu][NTf(2)], facilitates the efficient extraction of silver(I) from aqueous media via interaction with both the cation and anion components of the IL. Studies with a conventional aqueous-IL two phase system as well as microextraction of silver(I) by a thick IL film adhered to an electrode monitored in situ by cyclic voltammetry, established that [mimSBu][NTf(2)] can extract electroactive silver(I) ions from an aqueous solution. The pH of the aqueous phase decreases upon addition of [mimSBu](+), which is attributed to partial release of the hydrogen attached to the N(3) nitrogen atom of the imidazolium ring. The presence of silver(I) further increase the acidity of the aqueous phase as a consequence of coordination with the IL cation component. Voltammetric and (1)H and (13)C NMR techniques have been used to establish the nature of the silver(I) complexes extracted, and show that the form of interaction with the IL differs from that outlined previously for the extraction of copper(II). Insights on the competition established when silver(I) is extracted in the presence of copper(II) are provided. Finally, it is noted that metallic silver can be directly electrodeposited at the electrode surface after extraction of silver(I) into [mimSBu][NTf(2)] and that back extraction of silver(I) into aqueous media is achieved by addition of an acidic aqueous solution.

  9. Synthesis of a new N-substituted bis-benzimidazolyl diamide ligand and its trinuclear copper(II) complex: Structural and fluorescence studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahiya, Kuldeep; Mathur, Pavan

    2013-09-01

    The synthesis of a new N-substituted fluorescent probe based on a bis-benzimidazole diamide N2,N2‧-bis[(1-(4-methylbenzyl)-benzimidazol-2-yl)methyl]biphenyl-2,2‧-dicarboxamide (L1) with a biphenyl spacer group and its trinuclear copper(II) complex [Cu3(L1)3Cl3]ṡ3Clṡ3H2O] has been described. X-ray studies shows that the trinuclear complex crystallizes as [{Cu3(L1)3Cl3}2ṡ6Clṡ13CH3CNṡ2H2O] in triclinic space group P-1 with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Each copper(II) adopts a distorted penta-coordinated geometry in each unit. The fluorescence spectra of L1 in methanol show an emission band centered at 300 nm. This band arises due to benzimidazolyl moiety in the ligating system. The diamide L1 in the presence of Fe3+ show the simultaneous ‘quenching' of (300 nm) and ‘enhancement' of (375 nm) emission band. The new emission band at 375 nm is attributed to intra ligand π-π* transition of the biphenyl moiety. While Cu2+ and Ag+ show only the quenching of the 300 nm band. No such behavior was observed with other metal ions like Ni2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Mg2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+. The quenching constant with Fe3+, Ag+ and Cu2+ are calculated by the Stern-Volmer plots.

  10. Speciation of copper(II) complexes in an ionic liquid based on choline chloride and in choline chloride/water mixtures.

    PubMed

    De Vreese, Peter; Brooks, Neil R; Van Hecke, Kristof; Van Meervelt, Luc; Matthijs, Edward; Binnemans, Koen; Van Deun, Rik

    2012-05-07

    A deep-eutectic solvent with the properties of an ionic liquid is formed when choline chloride is mixed with copper(II) chloride dihydrate in a 1:2 molar ratio. EXAFS and UV-vis-near-IR optical absorption spectroscopy have been used to compare the coordination sphere of the cupric ion in this ionic liquid with that of the cupric ion in solutions of 0.1 M of CuCl(2)·2H(2)O in solvents with varying molar ratios of choline chloride and water. The EXAFS data show that species with three chloride ions and one water molecule coordinated to the cupric ion as well as species with two chloride molecules and two water molecules coordinated to the cupric ion are present in the ionic liquid. On the other hand, a fully hydrated copper(II) ion is formed in an aqueous solution free of choline chloride, and the tetrachl