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Sample records for occupation-based instruction evaluation

  1. Evaluating Instructional Development Programmes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapper, Christopher K.

    The effectiveness of instructional development evaluation programs is assessed. It is suggested that although it is a basic tenet in instructional development that teaching improvement is closely linked to effective evaluation, it is ironical that most instructional development programs have themselves been evaluated only superficially, if at all.…

  2. Evaluation of Bibliographic Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Larry

    Arguing that there is a current tendency among librarians to talk more about the evaluation of bibliographic instruction than to actually do anything about it, this paper examines limitations of and considerations pertaining to evaluation and includes: (1) a brief discussion of the history of bibliographic instruction; (2) discussion of types of…

  3. Subjective and objective evaluation of sense of space for vehicle occupants based on anthropometric data.

    PubMed

    Hiamtoe, Pitarn; Steinhardt, Florian; Köhler, Uwe; Bengler, Klaus

    2012-01-01

    At present, the number of the vehicle requirements has been continuously increasing. These requirements can be related to the customer as well as the technical requirements. Among these, the "feeling of space" of the occupants inside the vehicles can be regarded as one of the most important factors. In this respect, the driver and passengers should be able to experience positive feeling of space inside the vehicle. There are numerous factors that can influence the sense of space inside the vehicle. These include geometry (vehicle dimensions), light exposure, ambient lights, colors, material selection and material surface. Depending on the selection, the sense of space can be dramatically influenced by these factors. In general, human feeling is subjective and cannot be measured by any instrument. The measure can nevertheless be carried out by utilizing the method of subjective evaluation. Throughout the experiments, the method of evaluation is developed and the factors which can influence the interior feeling are analyzed. In this process, psychological perception, architectural aspects and anthropometry are considered and knowledge from the other domains is transferred in the form of a multidisciplinary approach. The experiments with an aim to evaluate the overall sense of space in the vehicle are carried out based on the physical mock up of BMW 1 series (E87). The space perception with different interior dimensions and anthropometric data of test persons are also analyzed. The use of Computer Aided Technology was shown by CATIA V5, PCMAN and RAMSIS. The results show a good correlation between the subjective evaluation and the geometric values.

  4. Cost Evaluation of Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Gene L.

    1973-01-01

    Author distinguishes one type of cost evaluation, cost-effectiveness analysis, from other types of cost evaluation, illustrates its use as a decision-making tool, and discusses a few of the problems associated with its application in the instructional development process. (Author)

  5. Computer Aided Instruction in Teaching Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowell, David A.; Binette, Holly A. Lizotte

    This paper reports the results of two semesters of experience using computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to teach topics in program evaluation to undergraduate and graduate psychology students at California State University, Long Beach. (The topics addressed are models of evaluation, evaluability assessment, needs assessment, experimental and…

  6. Criteria for Evaluating Instruction in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles City Schools, CA.

    In this guide to the evaluation of instructionin adult education, the stated purpose is to aid adult school administrators in making purposeful classroom visitations in ongoing programs to improve instruction. The subject areas treated are academic subjects, business education, citizenship education, distributive education, fine arts, music,…

  7. Evaluating Alignment between Curriculum, Assessment, and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martone, Andrea; Sireci, Stephen G.

    2009-01-01

    The authors (a) discuss the importance of alignment for facilitating proper assessment and instruction, (b) describe the three most common methods for evaluating the alignment between state content standards and assessments, (c) discuss the relative strengths and limitations of these methods, and (d) discuss examples of applications of each…

  8. Evaluation of Sight, Sound, Symbol Instructional Method.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massarotti, Michael C.; Slaichert, William M.

    Evaluated was the Sight-Sound-Symbol (S-S-S) method of teaching basic reading skills with four groups of 16 trainable mentally retarded children. The method involved use of a musical keyboard to teach children to identify numbers, letters, colors, and shapes. Groups either received individual S-S-S instruction for 10 minutes daily, received S-S-S…

  9. A Note on Evaluating Supplemental Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paloyo, Alfredo R.

    2015-01-01

    Selection bias pervades the evaluation of supplemental instruction (SI) in non-experimental settings. This brief note provides a formal framework to understand this issue. The objective is to contribute to the accumulation of credible evidence on the impact of SI.

  10. Towards a Theoretical Conceptualization of Instructional Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlberg, Arye

    Instructional evaluation by students is viewed as one of the main vehicles to improve teaching-learning processes in higher education. There is also a growing trend to use this information for administrative purposes such as tenure, promotion and merit pay. On the other hand, reviews of research show almost consistently that written feedback from…

  11. Evaluation of Instructional Teams, 1968-69.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyles, Marion P.; And Others

    The effectiveness of the instructional team approach as opposed to the self-contained classroom approach was investigated by the Atlanta Public School system from 1966-1969 (under a funding by Title I, Public Law 89-10). The achievement levels of first grade and seventh grade pupils were evaluated, using both techniques at each level. The…

  12. Controlled Evaluation of Videotaped Interviewing for Instruction of Pharmacy Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    And Others; Love, David W.

    1979-01-01

    Reported is a project that sought to evaluate the effect of videotaped practice instruction upon the ability of pharmacy students to interview patients and evaluate their drug use. Instructional objectives and a list of five audiovisual aids in the instruction of interviewing skills are appended. (JMD)

  13. Evaluation of Instructional Materials. Position Paper No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Ted

    The position paper on the evaluation of instructional materials by the Michigan State University Regional Instructional Materials Center for Handicapped Children and Youth (IMC HCY) examines the professional and ethical dilemmas of evaluation and presents evaluation policies of the center. Evaluated by a roster of field evaluators throughout the…

  14. Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

  15. Quality of Instruction Improved by Evaluation and Consultation of Instructors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rindermann, Heiner; Kohler, Jurgen; Meisenberg, Gerhard

    2007-01-01

    One aim of student evaluation of instruction is the improvement of teaching quality, but there is little evidence that student assessment of instruction alone improves teaching. This study tried to improve the effects of evaluation by combining evaluation with individual counselling in an institutional development approach. Evaluation was…

  16. Developing and Evaluating Instructionally Sensitive Assessments in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli; Li, Min; Wills, Kellie; Giamellaro, Michael; Lan, Ming-Chih; Mason, Hillary; Sands, Deanna

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to address a major gap in the instructional sensitivity literature on how to develop instructionally sensitive assessments. We propose an approach to developing and evaluating instructionally sensitive assessments in science and test this approach with one elementary life-science module. The assessment we developed…

  17. Evaluation of a Theory of Instructional Sequences for Physics Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E.

    2010-05-01

    The background of the study is the theory of basis models of teaching and learning, a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what circumstances a particular model should be used by teachers. In contrast, the theory under investigation here gives guidelines for choosing a particular model and provides instructional sequences for each model. The aim is to investigate the implementation of the theory applied to physics instruction and to show if possible effects for the students may be attributed to the use of the theory. Therefore, a theory-oriented education programme for 18 physics teachers was developed and implemented in the 2005/06 school year. The main features of the intervention consisted of coaching physics lessons and video analysis according to the theory. The study follows a pre-treatment-post design with non-equivalent control group. Findings of repeated-measures ANOVAs show large effects for teachers' subjective beliefs, large effects for classroom actions, and small to medium effects for student outcomes such as perceived instructional quality and student emotions. The teachers/classes that applied the theory especially well according to video analysis showed the larger effects. The results showed that differentiating between different models of learning processes improves physics instruction. Effects can be followed through to student outcomes. The education programme effect was clearer for classroom actions and students' outcomes than for teachers' beliefs.

  18. A Comprehensive Evaluation Rubric for Assessing Instructional Apps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Cheng-Yuan; Cherner, Todd Sloan

    2015-01-01

    There is a pressing need for an evaluation rubric that examines all aspects of educational apps designed for instructional purposes. In past decades, many rubrics have been developed for evaluating educational computer-based programs; however, rubrics designed for evaluating the instructional implications of educational apps are scarce. When an…

  19. Formative Evaluation of Instructional Products: Is It Worth It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoen, Frederick, E.; Childs, John W.

    Formative evaluation of instructional materials may not be time efficient or cost effective. Scriven's definition of formative evaluation, used in this paper, applies to the assessment and refinement of instructional materials still under development. Implementation of formative evaluation techniques does not seem to yield significant improvement…

  20. The Development and Evaluation of Designing Instructional Programs Unit. Far West Series in Instructional Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

    Providing a history of the development and evaluation, this report discusses one set of training materials designed to increase knowledge and understanding of school personnel in the area of instructional planning and management. The unit goal is to assist school staff in making defensible choices in form and content of instructional programs by…

  1. Designing Preclinical Instruction of Psychomotor Skills (IV)--Instructional Engineering: Evaluation Phase.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guenzel, Pamela J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    The fourth article in a four-part series on instructional design discusses evaluation of a psychomotor skills unit taught in preclinical dental education. Issues examined include piloting of instructional materials, analysis and revision of materials based on student performance, syllabus design and content, influence of faculty characteristics,…

  2. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

    Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

  3. An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Evaluation of Visuals for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lantz, Chris

    To what extent can photographic readability be formalized for use as a criterion in the evaluation of instructional materials? The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot test a readability index for evaluating photographic illustrations in instructional materials. The index uses an interdisciplinary battery of methods adapted from the…

  4. A Sourcebook for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials and Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Jenny R., Ed.

    Described is a generalized model for the evaluation of instructional materials and media designed to be usable by the Instructional Materials Centers/Regional Media Centers/Regional Resource Centers Network. The model is described as a guide to the inclusion of the critical elements in an evaluation problem situation. Discussed are a system for…

  5. Evaluation of the Instructional Program, Strongsville, Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1975

    An intensive study of the K-12 instructional program of the Strongsville, Ohio, City School District was conducted during the 1974-1975 school year by the Educational Research Council of America. Survey teams gathered data and developed recommendations and suggestions for strengthening each subject area within the instruction program. The mental…

  6. On the Evaluation of Higher-Order Science Instructional Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambleton, Ronald K.; Sheehan, Daniel S.

    1977-01-01

    Advocates the use of a free-sort categorization technique for evaluation of higher-order science instructional objectives. An explanation and demonstration of the use of the evaluation technique with 284 ninth-grade science students is provided. (CP)

  7. Evaluating the Instructional Sensitivity of Four States' Student Achievement Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polikoff, Morgan S.

    2016-01-01

    As state tests of student achievement are used for an increasingly wide array of high- and low-stakes purposes, evaluating their instructional sensitivity is essential. This article uses data from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation's Measures of Effective Project to examine the instructional sensitivity of 4 states' mathematics and English…

  8. An Evaluation of Computer-based Instruction in Microbiology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merkel, Susan M.; Walman, Laura B.; Leventhal, Jeremy S.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses whether computer-based instructional materials improve student learning. Evaluates a computer-based hypermedia tutorial that was delivered over a web site. (Contains 24 references.) (Author/YDS)

  9. Matching Learning Theory, Instructional Technology, and Evaluation Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wildman, Terry M.; Burton, John K.

    This review of the state of educational evaluation, which is directed to both those who produce and those who consume evaluation data, suggests that certain prevalent evaluation practices are seriously out of step with, and inappropriate for, current mainstream instructional activity. Evaluation is recommended as not merely an appendage to…

  10. Adaptation of Curriculum, Instructional Methods, and Materials Component: Instructional Aide Program. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jessie

    The goal of the Columbus Public Schools' instructional aide program is to provide an educational support program for underachieving pupils in kindergarten and first grade. The evaluation was based on objectives addressing gains in reading achievement and staff development for the aides. The evaluation design provided for the collection of data in…

  11. Levels of Evaluation for Computer-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Thomas C.; Lent, Richard M.

    The uses and methods of four levels of evaluation which can be conducted during the development and implementation phases of computer-based instruction (CBI) programs are discussed in this paper. The levels of evaluation presented are: (1) documentation, (2) formative evaluation, (3) assessment of immediate learner effectiveness, and (4) impact…

  12. Evaluating Methods for Evaluating Instruction: The Case of Higher Education. NBER Working Paper No. 12844

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Bruce A.; Fleisher, Belton M.; Hashimoto, Masanori

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies methods for evaluating instruction in higher education. We explore student evaluations of instruction and a variety of alternatives. We develop a simple model to illustrate the biases inherent in student evaluations. Measuring learning using grades in future courses, we show that student evaluations are positively related to…

  13. Instructional Diagnosis: Effective Open-Ended Faculty Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newby, Tim; And Others

    A faculty evaluation technique was used to classify responses from open-ended evaluations to determine elements of university teaching that were of greatest concern to students and to determine the feasibility of comparing subgroups by instructor gender, class size, and school. Small Group Instructional Diagnosis (SGID) was used--a form of course…

  14. Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bedient, Douglas; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

  15. Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Steven V.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

  16. Self Instructional Material in Physiology: A Preliminary Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Mary

    1978-01-01

    Examines the preliminary evaluation of self-instructional material in physiology designed as remedial work by medical students. The materials are now used by science, veterinary, dental, and postgraduate medical students and have been distributed to 20 countries. Evaluation results indicate the materials are effective methods of study.

  17. The Relationship Between Students' Evaluations of Faculty and Instructional Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overall, Jesse U.; Marsh, Herbert W.

    A random half of the instructors of an introductory course in computer programming were given feedback from students' evaluations of instructional effectiveness conducted at the middle of the term. The impact of the feedback was assessed against three criteria: (1) change in students' evaluations between mid-quarter and end-of-quarter; (2)…

  18. Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction: A Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Novak, Mark

    1996-01-01

    Presents an evaluation of a computer-aided personalized system of instruction program in two undergraduate psychology courses. The computer presented short essay tests and arranged for students who had completed various assignments satisfactorily to help evaluate other students' mastery of those assignments. Student response generally was…

  19. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,984 surveys were sent out in 4,917 envelopes; 57,978 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 59% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  20. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 91,530 surveys were sent out in 4,980 envelopes; 58,604 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 64% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  1. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

  2. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,160 surveys were sent out in 5,320 envelopes; 60,206 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 84%. The Instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  3. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,192 surveys were sent out in (5,726) envelopes; 77,886 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 74%. The…

  4. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction: (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,055 surveys were sent out in 5,040 envelopes; 48,153 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 50% including late submissions. Instructor' reports were provided to…

  5. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,475 surveys were sent out in 5,489 envelopes; 66,790 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 81.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  6. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 82,806 surveys were sent out in 4,830 envelopes; 52,464 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 63% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  7. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,255 surveys were sent out in 5,303 envelopes; 48,602 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 51% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  8. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 95,279 surveys were sent out in 4,831 envelopes; 57,373 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  9. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,972 surveys were sent out in 5,153 envelopes; 56,440 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 58% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  10. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 123,461 surveys were sent out in 5,516 envelopes; 86,998 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 97.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  11. Exploring Non-Instructional Factors in Student Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Holi Ibrahim Holi; Al Ajmi, Ahmed Ali Saleh

    2013-01-01

    The use of student ratings to measure instructors' teaching performance and effectiveness in tertiary education has been an important but controversial tool in the improvement of teaching quality during the past few decades. This is an attempt to explore non-instructional factors of student evaluations by discussing and reviewing relevant…

  12. Teacher Evaluation, Performance-Related Pay, and Constructivist Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Guodong; Akiba, Motoko

    2015-01-01

    Using statewide longitudinal teacher survey data collected in 2009 and 2010, this study examined the characteristics of teacher evaluation used to determine performance-related pay (PRP), and the association between PRP and improvement in the practice of constructivist instruction. The study found that 10.9% of middle school mathematics teachers…

  13. Comprehensive Evaluation of the 1996 Interdisciplinary Teamed Instruction Summer Institute.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meehan, Merrill L.; Cowley, Kimberly S.

    The Interdisciplinary Teamed Instruction (ITI) Project was a 2-year project aimed at determining the effects of ITI on teaching and learning and at validating the effectiveness of a professional development model to facilitate development, implementation, and evaluation of ITI. Through summer institutes and onsite workshops, project staff provided…

  14. Norming of Student Evaluations of Instruction: Impact of Noninstructional Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

    2014-01-01

    Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…

  15. Evaluation of Three Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suppes, Patrick; Morningstar, Mona

    This technical report is concerned with the evaluation of three Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) Programs - The Drill-and practice Program in Elementary School Mathematics, The Brentwood Tutorial Mathematics Program, and the Russian Program. Among the results reported were (1) the drill-and-practice mathematics program used in Mississippi and…

  16. A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Lyle

    This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

  17. Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

    2013-01-01

    Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

  18. Evaluation and Assessment of a Biomechanics Computer-Aided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, N.; Parnianpour, M.; Fraser, J. M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Biomechanics Tutorial, a computer-aided instructional tool that was developed at Ohio State University to expedite the transition from lecture to application for undergraduate students. Reports evaluation results that used statistical analyses and student questionnaires to show improved performance on posttests as well as positive…

  19. An Evaluation of Micro PLATO Fortran 77 Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funk, Kenneth; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Evaluated the use of computer assisted instruction in teaching Fortran 77 in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Also investigated the effect of such factors as mathematics and computer programming background on student performance in an introductory programming course sequence. (JN)

  20. Instructional Improvement and Student Learning through Good Teacher Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Speicher, A. Dean; Schurter, Wayne A.

    An Indiana district's teacher evaluation plan developed cooperatively by teachers and administrators is described and its implementation outlined. Based on the shared responsibility of teacher and supervisor, the plan is intended to provide a positive approach to stimulating self-growth, instructional effectiveness, and overall improvement in…

  1. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 121,184 surveys were sent out in (5,346) envelopes; 78,310 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 65%. The…

  2. Performance Evaluation of the Arabic Language Multimedia Instruction: "Malaysian Perspective"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faryadi, Qais

    2008-01-01

    This Study evaluated the effectiveness of the Arabic language multimedia products existing in Malaysian markets. For the purpose of careful investigation, this research has applied blended models of the most trusted instructional design based on the field-tested theories of the most outspoken educational psychologists such as Mayer (2002), Keller…

  3. An Adaptive Evaluation Structure for Computer-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsh, William A.

    Adaptive Evaluation Structure (AES) is a set of linked computer programs designed to increase the effectiveness of interactive computer-assisted instruction at the college level. The package has four major features, the first of which is based on a prior cognitive inventory and on the accuracy and pace of student responses. AES adjusts materials…

  4. Instructional Evaluation Techniques: Ends Dictate the Means.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shrock, Sharon A.; And Others

    This paper discusses two separate studies undertaken in the same academic department to ascertain consistency in student evaluation ratings. Each study used Frey's Endeavor Instrument, a 7-item form that is specifically designed to solicit student input for administrative decision making, and the Southern Illinois University Instructor & Course…

  5. Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

    2013-01-01

    Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…

  6. Use These Eight Criteria to Evaluate Computer Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bear, George G.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the characteristics of effective instruction as used in a computer assisted instructional program that has improved student attitudes and mathematics instruction in Bath County, Virginia Public Schools. (JW)

  7. Evaluation of instructional materials for teaching psychomotor skills.

    PubMed

    Gale, M A; Koran, M L; Grainger, D A; Watson, R E

    1976-01-01

    An investigation was conducted to determine the effectiveness of self-instructional materials for a cavity preparation procedure using two types of dental auxiliaries under assisted and unassisted instructional conditions. Results showed significant pretest to posttest performance gains, with the instruction proving equally effective across both types of auxiliaries and instructional conditions.

  8. Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Computer-Mediated Instruction Through Usability Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Michael S.; Keller, Chris C.; Waddoups, Gregory L.

    2004-01-01

    Brigham Young University's Center for Instructional Design (CID) creates online courses and multimedia instructional applications for university faculty. This paper asserts that including usability testing as a part of evaluation improves the quality and effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction. The paper describes the fundamental purpose…

  9. The Evaluation and Selection of Instructional Software for Use with the Learning Disabled. CREATE Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisgerber, Robert A.; Blake, Patricia L.

    Fourth in a series of six monographs on the use of new technologies in the instruction of learning disabled (LD) students, this paper explores issues related to the evaluation and selection of instructional software for LD students. Topics discussed include the following: (1) criteria for instructionally useful software (e.g., flexibility and…

  10. Unique Approach to Systematic Instruction: The Development, Evaluation, and Improvement of a Hierarchy of University Courses in Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingham, Carol; Harper, William

    1978-01-01

    Describes the instructional development of two related courses: Managerial Finance, a personalized system of instruction; and Finance, Learning Theories, and Practices, a practicum. Student evaluations of both courses were conducted, focusing on student tutors and the systems of instruction. (VT)

  11. Evaluating Preschool Children's Preferences for Motivational Systems during Instruction

    PubMed Central

    Heal, Nicole A; Hanley, Gregory P

    2007-01-01

    Preschool teachers rely on several strategies for motivating children to participate in learning activities. In the current study, we evaluated the effectiveness of and preference for three teaching contexts in which embedded, sequential, or no programmed reinforcement was arranged. The embedded context included highly preferred teaching materials, the sequential context included highly preferred edible items for correct responding, and a control context included neither. In addition, an exclusively play-oriented activity was included as a fourth option to determine if one of the direct teaching contexts could compete with a relatively unstructured and exclusively child-led activity. All participants preferred the sequential context (use of high-quality consequences) over the embedded context (use of high-quality teaching materials), 2 of the 4 participants preferred some motivational system to none at all, and the play area was selected over all variants of the instructional contexts during the majority of trials. We found either no or small differences in correct responding in the different instructional contexts; however, rates of undesirable behavior were highest in the least preferred interaction area for 3 of the 4 participants. Implications for the design of effective and preferred teaching environments for young children are discussed. PMID:17624066

  12. Adaptation of Curriculum, Instructional Methods, and Materials Component: Instructional Aide Program. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jessie

    Funded through the Ohio Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, the Columbus Public Schools' Instructional Aide (IA) Program served 276 kindergarten children and 1,780 first-grade students during the 1987-88 school year. The goal of the IA program was to provide an educational support program for underachieving pupils. Instructional aides were trained…

  13. Adaptation of Curriculum, Instructional Methods, and Materials Component Instructional Aide Program. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jessie

    During the 1985-1986 school year the Instructional Aide Program served 2,370 pupils in kindergarten and first grade in the Columbus Public Schools. The program provided educational support for underachieving pupils by training and placing 124 aides in the classrooms of 227 teachers. The aides provided direct instruction to pupils under the…

  14. Effective Integration of Instructional Technologies (IT): Evaluating Professional Development and Instructional Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchem, Katherine; Wells, Deborah L.; Wells, John G.

    2003-01-01

    It is well known that society is currently experiencing great technological momentum and that technology has found its way into our classrooms. Yet, many teachers have not demonstrated an adoption of such advances and their instructional practices do not reflect the integration of instructional technologies. This article examines Trek 21, an…

  15. The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewitt, Michael P.

    2011-01-01

    The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

  16. Evaluation of Instructional Methods for Teaching Veterinary Students the Components of Inflammation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, O. J.; Welser, J. R.

    1975-01-01

    Seven multi-media instructional programs were evaluated on the basis of test scores, student attitudes, program preparation time, and cost of materials. Programs ranked best were videotape with 35mm slides, programmed instruction with 35mm slides, and Self-Evaluation Test only. (JT)

  17. Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

    A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

  18. A Psychometric Framework for the Evaluation of Instructional Sensitivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naumann, Alexander; Hochweber, Jan; Klieme, Eckhard

    2016-01-01

    Although there is a common understanding of instructional sensitivity, it lacks a common operationalization. Various approaches have been proposed, some focusing on item responses, others on test scores. As approaches often do not produce consistent results, previous research has created the impression that approaches to instructional sensitivity…

  19. Evaluating and Increasing the Effectiveness of Instruction in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamberg, Walter J.

    The purpose of this article is to suggest the value of a research tool which has rarely been used in studies in instruction in writing: baseline measurement of group and individual performances. This approach was used in examining the results of a study of a self-instructional program in narrative writing which was prepared for and tested by…

  20. Evaluation of Three Instructional Methods for Teaching General Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackman, Lance E.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Reports on a study designed to determine the relative effectiveness of different instructional approaches on chemistry laboratory achievement. Investigated differences in achievement in spectrophotometry among college freshmen who received either traditional, learning cycle, or computer simulation instruction. Results indicated that students…

  1. Evaluation of the Special Instructional Assistance Program. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

    This report discusses the activities and outcomes of Special Instructional Assistance (SIA) an early intervention, prevention program designed to help Georgia students with identified developmental delays overcome the effects of those delays on academic achievement. The central tenet of the program is to provide more individualized instruction to…

  2. Using Anchored Instruction to Evaluate Mathematical Growth and Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurz, Terri L.; Batarelo, Ivana

    2005-01-01

    Anchored instruction is designed to present problems in a meaningful context to allow for investigations into real life environments. The Jasper Project was created to allow students to investigate mathematical dilemmas using anchored instruction techniques. This study uses case study methods to examine the perceptions that preservice teachers…

  3. Simulation-Based Evaluation of Learning Sequences for Instructional Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEneaney, John E.

    2016-01-01

    Instructional technologies critically depend on systematic design, and learning hierarchies are a commonly advocated tool for designing instructional sequences. But hierarchies routinely allow numerous sequences and choosing an optimal sequence remains an unsolved problem. This study explores a simulation-based approach to modeling learning…

  4. Selecting Evaluation Items for Judging Concept Attainment in Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, David Richard

    2006-01-01

    Instructional strategies for successfully teaching concepts are found throughout the instructional design literature. These strategies primarily consist of presenting learners with definitions, examples, and non-examples. While examples are important presentation instruments, theorist suggests that examples should not be re-used in the assessment…

  5. Evaluating and Advancing the Effective Teaching of Special Educators with a Dynamic Instructional Practices Portfolio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Stephen N.; Roach, Andrew T.; Kurz, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    We describe the concept of a dynamic instructional practices portfolio to evaluate special education teachers. This portfolio features the My Instructional Learning Opportunities Guidance System (MyiLOGS) as the core component. MyiLOGS is an online, daily self-report measure of opportunity to learn (OTL) that provides detailed information on…

  6. Promoting and Supporting Scientific Argumentation in the Classroom: The Evaluate-Alternatives Instructional Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson, Victor; Grooms, Jonathon

    2009-01-01

    This article describes an instructional model that science teachers can use to promote and support student engagement in scientific argumentation. This model is called the evaluate-alternatives instructional model and it is grounded in current research on argumentation in science education (e.g., Berland and Reiser 2009; McNeill and Krajcik 2006;…

  7. An Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in an Introductory Biostatistics Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forsythe, Alan B.; Freed, James R.

    1979-01-01

    Evaluates the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction for teaching biostatistics to first year students at the UCLA School of Dentistry. Results do not demonstrate the superiority of CAI but do suggest that CAI compares favorably to conventional lecture and programed instruction methods. (RAO)

  8. An Evaluation of Factors That Influence Children's Instruction Following

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sy, Jolene R.; Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Pizarro, Eliana

    2014-01-01

    Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects…

  9. An Evaluation of Programmed Treatment-integrity Errors during Discrete-trial Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Regina A.; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3…

  10. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment: Television Comes to Village. An Evaluation of SITE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agrawal, Binod C.

    This evaluation of India's Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) investigated the process of existing rural communication, the role of television as a new medium of communication in SITE instructional areas, and the process of change brought about by television in the rural structure at the micro-level. The report includes…

  11. Evaluation of Multimedia Authoring Instruction Based in a Behaviorist-Cognitive-Constructivist Continuum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherry, Annette C.

    1998-01-01

    This evaluative case study examines the learning experiences of graduate students studying effective multimedia authoring. Continuum-based instructional design, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, collaboration, the role of a matrix, transfer of training, and qualitative and quantitative results are discussed. (LRW)

  12. Assessment of a Model for the Evaluation of Professional Non-Instruction Staff in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hlavaty, Erica A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to help improve the evaluation system for school counselors and school psychologists, or non-instructional, certified staff (NICS). A mixed methodology approach was used to describe the existing evaluation system used to evaluate NICS; to develop a new system of evaluation based on recent research; and to determine…

  13. Top-down designs of instruction systolic arrays for polynomial interpolation and evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Schroder, H. )

    1989-06-01

    This paper describes the application of a new parallel architecture-instruction systolic array (ISA)-for the interpolation and evaluation of polynomials using a linear array of processors. It also demonstrates a systemic top-down design of instruction systolic arrays. The periods of the resulting algorithms are O(n) for interpolation and O(1)for evaluation, where n is the degree of the polynomial.

  14. Evaluation of a Computer Assisted Instruction Resource in Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herriot, Anne M.; Bishop, Jacki A.; Kelly, Mary; Murphy, Margaret; Truby, Helen

    2003-01-01

    Nine second-year and six final-year nursing students completed a questionnaire and participated in focus groups about STEP-DIET, a computer-based dietetics instructional tool. Students liked the design and content, perceived increased nutritional knowledge and understanding of dietitians' role. However, they were reluctant to accept…

  15. Effects of Instruction in Methodological Reasoning on Information Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)

  16. Considerations in Evaluating Metacognition in Interactive Hypermedia/Multimedia Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cates, Ward Mitchell

    Defining metacognition as the set of skills and strategies one uses in monitoring and modifying how one learns, this paper addresses ways in which interactive hypermedia/multimedia instructional programs might enhance the meta-cognitive abilities of the learners who use them. It begins by identifying key issues and approaches to metacognition,…

  17. Instructional Technology versus the Traditional Teacher: An Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guilar, Joshua

    1994-01-01

    Describes the development of an instructional technology-based training course for a Hewlett Packard manufacturing plant. The environment, an appropriately trained staff, and a development strategy with measurable goals are discussed; a comparison of conventional training with self-paced courseware is described; and learning effectiveness and…

  18. Evaluation of Self-Paced Instructional Materials in Pharmaceutics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayres, James W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The instructional effectiveness of two different presentation methods (lecture and self-paced or modularized) was examined using two groups of pharmacy students. Little or no difference was found in this study of junior and senior students at Oregon State University. (LBH)

  19. A Decision Model for Evaluating Potential Change in Instructional Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amor, J. P.; Dyer, J. S.

    A statistical model designed to assist elementary school principals in the process of selection educational areas which should receive additional emphasis is presented. For each educational area, the model produces an index number which represents the expected "value" per dollar spent on an instructional program appropriate for strengthening that…

  20. Evaluating Instructional Design Models: A Proposed Research Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    Proliferation of prescriptive models in an "engineering" field is not a sign of its maturity. Quite the opposite. Materials engineering, for example, meets the criterion of parsimony. Sadly, the very large number of models in "instructional design," putatively an engineering field, raises questions about its status. Can the…

  1. The Design and Development of an Evaluation System for Online Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentling, Tim L.; Johnson, Scott D.

    This paper describes the conceptualization and development of an evaluation system that can be used to monitor and evaluate online instructional efforts. The evaluation system addresses concerns of both program administrators and course instructors. Computer technology is used to provide partial automation to reduce respondent burden and to…

  2. Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

    The purpose of this document is to provide reasonable, systematic standards for evaluation of instructional materials upon which evaluators may base their judgments, so that the results of the evaluation process will be as nearly consistent and therefore, as equitable, as possible. The guidelines are based on the social content requirements of the…

  3. Evaluation of simSchool: An Instructional Simulation for Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deale, Deb; Pastore, Ray

    2014-01-01

    This study uses theory-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional simulation, simSchool. It begins by examining the simulation and evaluation literature, followed by an evaluation of the simSchool software. It is a Web-based simulation designed to emulate various students (reactions) in order to provide practice for…

  4. First Impressions and Professor Reputation: Influence on Student Evaluations of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchert, Stephanie; Laws, Eric L.; Apperson, Jennifer M.; Bregman, Norman J.

    2008-01-01

    We examined the effects of professor reputation versus first impressions on student evaluations of instruction. Students in 19 Psychology courses completed course evaluation surveys either before meeting the instructor or 2 weeks into the semester. Both groups then completed the course evaluation again at the end of the semester. Unlike…

  5. Consideration for an Evaluation Program of Instructional Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandenburg, Dale C.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Five methods of faculty evaluation used at the University of Illinois are described: student evaluations--including questionnaires; written comments, and group interviews; self-evaluation; and evaluation by colleagues. (GDC)

  6. Item difficulty in the evaluation of computer-based instruction: an example from neuroanatomy.

    PubMed

    Chariker, Julia H; Naaz, Farah; Pani, John R

    2012-01-01

    This article reports large item effects in a study of computer-based learning of neuroanatomy. Outcome measures of the efficiency of learning, transfer of learning, and generalization of knowledge diverged by a wide margin across test items, with certain sets of items emerging as particularly difficult to master. In addition, the outcomes of comparisons between instructional methods changed with the difficulty of the items to be learned. More challenging items better differentiated between instructional methods. This set of results is important for two reasons. First, it suggests that instruction may be more efficient if sets of consistently difficult items are the targets of instructional methods particularly suited to them. Second, there is wide variation in the published literature regarding the outcomes of empirical evaluations of computer-based instruction. As a consequence, many questions arise as to the factors that may affect such evaluations. The present article demonstrates that the level of challenge in the material that is presented to learners is an important factor to consider in the evaluation of a computer-based instructional system.

  7. A Sequential Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction in US Army Basic Electronics Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longo, Alexander A.; Giunti, Frank E.

    The Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) Division of the U.S. Army Signal Center and School (USASCS) at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey evaluated CAI's success in teaching basic electronics. An initial feasibility study, interim assessments, and a summative evaluation assessed the value of the developmental, user-oriented, individualized CAI programs…

  8. Cognitive and Affective Outcomes: Their Relationship to Effective Teaching and Students' Evaluations of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overall, Jesse U.; Marsh, Herbert W.

    The relationship between students' evaluations and both cognitive and affective consequences of instruction was investigated. A total of 924 undergraduate students of the University of California at Los Angeles who had completed an introductory computer programming class were subjects. Responses to a 38-item evaluation questionnaire provided…

  9. Toolkit for Evaluating Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2014

    2014-01-01

    In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards. The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the CCSS; each…

  10. Toolkit for Evaluating Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2014

    2014-01-01

    In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the…

  11. An Evaluation of Preference for Mode of Instruction Following Variations in Response Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.

    2014-01-01

    The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…

  12. Student Evaluation of Instruction: Comparison between In-Class and Online Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capa-Aydin, Yesim

    2016-01-01

    This study compares student evaluations of instruction that were collected in-class with those gathered through an online survey. The two modes of administration were compared with respect to response rate, psychometric characteristics and mean ratings through different statistical analyses. Findings indicated that in-class evaluations produced a…

  13. Interim Guidelines for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

    The purpose of these guidelines is to provide consistent, systematic standards for evaluating instructional materials proposed for use in California's public schools to ensure compliance with the Education Code. Though they are not intended to supplant the evaluator's judgment, the guidelines do comprise the minimum standards for acceptability in…

  14. The Case for Expanding Standards for Teacher Evaluation to Include an Instructional Supervision Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Patricia

    2005-01-01

    Despite the concerns of scholars in the field of instructional supervision, teacher evaluations continue to emphasize bureaucratic accountability and standardization. This article presents an argument for extending the Joint Committee on Standards' Personnel Evaluation Standards to include standards related to the practice of supervision. The…

  15. 34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302 Screening for... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Screening for instructional purposes is not...

  16. 34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302 Screening for... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Screening for instructional purposes is not...

  17. Evaluations that Respond: Prescription, Application, and Implications of Responsive Evaluation Theory for Community College Instructional Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durdella, Nathan R.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines two community college instructional support programs to explore the effectiveness of an evaluation model--responsive evaluation theory--that may ease the tensions between a concern over programs' processes and reporting requirements for program outcomes. The study uses a comparative qualitative case study design and applies…

  18. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises four stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…

  19. Criteria for Evaluation of Community College Instructional Deans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harada, Myra

    The impetus for the development of criteria for the evaluation of academic deans should come from an interest in improved administrative performance rather than from political motivations. Merging faculty expectations with the criteria identified in the literature results in four areas in which deans should be evaluated: (1) knowledge of laws and…

  20. Instructional Supervision: A Descriptive Study Focusing on the Observation and Evaluation of Teachers in Cyberschools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Gregory Charles

    2010-01-01

    Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…

  1. Development and Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction for Navy Electronics Training. Two, Inductance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurlock, Richard E.

    A computer-assisted instruction (CAI) curriculum module covering the area of electrical inductance was developed and evaluated. This module was a part of a program in which a series of CAI modules are being developed and tested for a Navy training course in basic electronics. After the module was written, it was given three tryout tests.…

  2. Developing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Instructional Tool: Learning Outcomes and User Experiences of Optometry Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ling

    2008-01-01

    This study developed an interactive multimedia-based software program for Optics instruction, which was expected to overcome the imperfection of traditional optical labs. The researcher evaluated the effectiveness of the program through an experimental study that compared the learning outcomes of the students who used and did not use the software.…

  3. An Empirical Investigation of Student Evaluations of Instruction--The Relative Importance of Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

    2012-01-01

    We analyzed over 100,000 student evaluations of instruction over 4 years in the college of business at a major public university. We found that the original instrument that was validated about 20 years ago is still valid, with factor analysis showing that the six underlying dimensions used in the instrument remained relatively intact. Also, we…

  4. The View of Principals on Standards Based Evaluation Systems and Their Role as Instructional Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoll, James Allen

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the implementation of standards based evaluation systems, specifically Georgia's Teacher Keys Effectiveness System, affects the principals' role of instructional leader. Using a modified Delphi study, principals from a large urban/suburban school system, gave feedback on three questions: how has their role changed; are they…

  5. An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milner, Marleen

    2009-01-01

    Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…

  6. Individualized Bilingual Instruction. Final Evaluation: 1978-79 Program Year. No. 15 in Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Beverly

    The 1978-79 evaluation report of an interstate bilingual early education program for migrant children from age 3 through third grade which operates year-round sites at Connell and Moses Lake, Washington and at La Grulla, Texas, presents a narrative program description and the progress made in each of five components: instruction, training,…

  7. Evaluation of Music Instruction by Musicians and Nonmusicians Assigned Differential Observation Tasks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prickett, Carol A.; Duke, Robert A.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses a study in which music education majors and non-music-education majors observed a violin lesson. Reports that observers received varying instructions regarding how to observe the lesson. Reports that majors' evaluations were generally lower or equal to nonmusic majors' ratings. Concludes that the focus of the observation task and…

  8. An Independent Evaluation of the Kentucky Instructional Results Information System (KIRIS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo. Evaluation Center.

    This document contains the executive summary and the detailed report which provide an independent evaluation of Kentucky's new system for assessing student performance, the Kentucky Instructional Results Information System (KIRIS). The summary gauges progress to date, highlights some strengths to be built on and problems to be solved, and provides…

  9. Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, Janet E.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…

  10. Evaluating Educational Software Authoring Environments Using a Model Based on Software Engineering and Instructional Design Principles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collis, Betty A.; Gore, Marilyn

    1987-01-01

    This study suggests a new model for the evaluation of educational software authoring systems and applies this model to a particular authoring system, CSR Trainer 4000. The model used is based on an integrated set of software engineering and instructional design principles. (Author/LRW)

  11. Student Response to Faculty Instruction (SRFI): An Empirically Derived Instrument to Measure Student Evaluations of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beitzel, Brian D.

    2013-01-01

    The Student Response to Faculty Instruction (SRFI) is an instrument designed to measure the student perspective on courses in higher education. The SRFI was derived from decades of empirical studies of student evaluations of teaching. This article describes the development of the SRFI and its psychometric attributes demonstrated in two pilot study…

  12. Evaluation of iTunes University Courses through Instructional Design Strategies and m-Learning Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Hung Wei; Tang, Yingqi; Morris, Betty

    2016-01-01

    As mobile learning technology promotes learning accessibility and flexibility, students benefit from social interactivity and connective learning process which will also foster students' performance and satisfaction on learning content. The primary purpose of this research was to evaluate iTunes U courses based on instructional design strategies…

  13. Instruction Strategies Work out by Mathematics Teachers: Evaluating the Affect on Bachelor of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Sumaira; Haider, Syed Zubair; Bukhari, Amjad Ali

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this research is to study the different instruction strategies implemented by Mathematics teachers and evaluating its affect on Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) level. To complete the study, two samples 34 teachers and 217 students were taken randomly. A five point Likert scale comprising 40 statements was prepared and…

  14. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Manual to Teach Multiple-Stimulus without Replacement Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramon, Duong; Yu, C. T.; Martin, Garry L.; Martin, Toby

    2015-01-01

    We evaluated a self-instructional training manual for conducting multiple-stimulus without replacement stimulus preference assessment. The manual was compared to a method description, adapted from the method sections of previous published research articles, in an unbalanced crossover design with 18 undergraduate university students, randomly…

  15. Learner-Centered Instruction (LCI): Volume 7. Evaluation of the LCI Approach. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieper, William J.; And Others

    An evaluation of the learner-centered instruction (LCI) approach to training was conducted by comparing the LCI F-111A weapons control systems mechanic/technician course with the conventional Air Force course for the same Air Force specialty code (AFSC) on the following dimensions; job performance of course graduates, man-hour and dollar costs of…

  16. Evaluating Student Performance and Attitudes in Response to Videotaped Self-Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boker, John R.

    This study evaluating an innovative technique for the education of medical students emphasized the measurement of 30 senior medical students' cognitive and affective behaviors in response to their experiences over a period of six weeks with videotaped self-instructional programs. An investigation was made of: (1) the students' gain in knowledge,…

  17. A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

  18. Evaluation of Individualized Instruction for Welders-HT [Hull Technician]"A" School, San Diego.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Safarjan, William R.; Abrams, Macy L.

    A preliminary evaluation is made of an individualized training program for fuel gas and arc welding at Hull Technician Class A School, San Diego. Individualized instruction differed from former training procedures in that students were able to select the content, rate, and method most appropriate to their learning experience. Subjects were 184…

  19. An Evaluation of Video Modeling with Embedded Instructions to Teach Implementation of Stimulus Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosales, Rocío; Gongola, Leah; Homlitas, Christa

    2015-01-01

    A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of video modeling with embedded instructions on training teachers to implement 3 preference assessments. Each assessment was conducted with a confederate learner or a child with autism during generalization probes. All teachers met the predetermined mastery criterion,…

  20. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  1. The implementation and evaluation of teacher training in gaming instruction for secondary science: An action research project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanders, Veronica

    This study implemented and evaluated gaming instruction as a professional development for science teachers at a Georgia high school. It was guided by four research questions that (a) assessed the impact of training in gaming instruction and evaluation of that training on science teachers' ability to use games; (b) examined evidence showing that science teachers used games; (c) assessed the impact of the implementation and subsequent evaluation of games-based training on how science teachers instruct their students; and (d) explored the use of change management principles to help teachers transition from traditional to gaming instruction. The study included a purposive sampling of 10 volunteer science teachers who received the professional development of training in gaming instruction and were observed as they used games to instruct their students. Quantitative data were collected from interviews, observations, and reviews of student assignments and teacher plans, and were statistically analyzed to answer the research questions. These same methods were used to obtain qualitative data, which were also analyzed to answer the research questions as well as to understand the meaning, beliefs and experience behind the numbers. Ultimately, data analysis revealed that the science teachers not only used gaming instruction but also that the training helped them to use gaming instruction and that they considered gaming instruction a viable instruction methodology. Finally, data analysis revealed that change management was successfully used in the study.

  2. Evaluating Texts for Graphical Literacy Instruction: The Graphic Rating Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…

  3. Instructional Technology Professional Development Evaluation: Developing a High Quality Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaytan, Jorge A.; McEwen, Beryl C.

    2010-01-01

    Background: The literature contains very few studies that focused on evaluating the impact of professional development activities on student learning. And, many of these studies failed to determine whether the professional development activities met their primary goal--to improve the learning process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use…

  4. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Tools for Online Database Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mery, Yvonne; DeFrain, Erica; Kline, Elizabeth; Sult, Leslie

    2014-01-01

    The intent of this study was to evaluate the Guide on the Side (Gots), an online learning tool developed by the University of Arizona Libraries, and a screencast tutorial for teaching information literacy and database searching skills. Ninety undergraduate students were randomly assigned into three groups: group 1 completed a GotS tutorial; group…

  5. Criteria for Evaluating and Selecting Multimedia Software for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sung Heum; And Others

    Evaluating and selecting the appropriate software is a very important component of success in using multimedia systems in both educational and corporate settings. Computer-mediated multimedia (CMM) is the integration of two or more communication media, controlled or manipulated by the user via a computer, to present information. CMM can be…

  6. Evaluation Realities or How I Learned to Love "The Standards" While Evaluating a Computer Assisted Instruction Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, David A.

    This case study presents a narrative summary of the evaluation of a two semester computer assisted instruction (CAI) project in an all minority high school. Use of PLATO software with Control Data microcomputers brought about modest achievement advantages, higher internal locus of control, more positive attitudes toward school and specific course…

  7. The Effect of Occupation-based Cognitive Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

    PubMed

    Park, Hae Yean; Maitra, Kinsuk; Martinez, Kristina Marie

    2015-06-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among people younger than 35 years in the United States. Cognitive difficulty is a common consequence of TBI. To address cognitive deficits of patients with TBI, various cognitive rehabilitation approaches have been used for the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the overall effect of occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on patients' improvement in cognitive performance components, activity of daily living (ADL) performance, and values, beliefs and spirituality functions of patients with TBI. The papers used in this study were retrieved from the Cochrane Database, EBSCO (CINAHL), PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science published between 1997 and 2014. The keywords for searching were cognitive, rehabilitation, occupation, memory, attention, problem-solving, executive function, ADL, values, beliefs, spirituality, randomized controlled trials and TBI. For the meta-analysis, we examined 60 effect sizes from nine studies that are related to the occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on persons with TBI. In persons with TBI, overall mental functions, ADL, and values, beliefs and spirituality were significantly improved in the groups that received occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation compared with comparison groups (mean d = 0.19, p < .05). Evidence from the present meta-analytic study suggests that occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation would be beneficial for individuals with TBI for improving daily functioning and positively be able to affect their psychosocial functions. Collecting many outcome measures in studies with relatively few participants and the final data are less reliable than the whole instrument itself. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of specific occupation-based cognitive rehabilitations programmes in order to improve consistency among rehabilitation providers. PMID:25808426

  8. Sight word instruction for students with autism: an evaluation of the evidence base.

    PubMed

    Spector, Janet E

    2011-10-01

    This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s (J Autism Dev Disord 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and studies with at least adequate methodology were analyzed to identify common intervention features. Results yielded evidence in support of a massed trials approach featuring student response to a succession of items, differential positive reinforcement, systematic prompting, and use of visual supports. Across studies, students learned to identify printed words, even those with limited oral language and no prior reading instruction. However, no studies addressed the effects of sight word instruction on broad literacy outcomes.

  9. Development and evaluation of an active instructional framework for undergraduate biology education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lysne, Steven John

    The practice of science education in American colleges and universities is changing and the role of faculty is changing as well. There is momentum in higher education to transform our instruction and do a better job at supporting more students' success in science and engineering programs. New teaching approaches are transforming undergraduate science instruction and new research demonstrates that these new approaches are more engaging for students, result in greater achievement, and create more positive attitudes toward science careers. Additionally, teaching scholars have described a paradigm shift toward placing the burden of content coverage on students which allows more time for in-class activities such as discussion and problem solving. Teaching faculty have been asked to redesign their courses and rebrand themselves as facilitators of student learning, rather than purveyors of information, to improve student engagement, achievement, and attitudes. This dissertation is a critical evaluation of both the assumption that active learning improves student achievement and knowledge retention and my own assumptions regarding science education research and my students' resiliency. This dissertation is a collection of research articles, published or in preparation, presenting the chronological development (Chapters 2 and 3) and evaluation (Chapters 4 and 5) of an active instructional model for undergraduate biology instruction. Chapters 1 and 6.provide a broad introduction and summary, respectively. Chapter 2 is an exploration of student engagement through interviews with a variety of students. From these interviews I identified several themes that students felt were important, and science instructors need to address, including the place where learning happens and strategies for better engaging students. Chapter 3 presents a review of the science education literature broadly and more focused review on the how students learn and how faculty teach. Consistent with what

  10. More Is Not Always Better: Comprehensive Evaluation of a Summer Institute on Interdisciplinary Teamed Instruction for School-Level Teams.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meehan, Merrill L.; Cowley, Kimberly S.; Burns, Rebecca C.

    The Interdisciplinary Teamed Instruction (ITI) project investigated the effects of interdisciplinary, teamed instruction on secondary school teaching and learning. It examined the effectiveness of a professional development model that facilitated the development, implementation, and evaluation of ITI. Through summer institutes and onsite…

  11. Evaluation of Instructional Model Applied to Functional Math. Project on Effective Computer Instruction for Effective Special Education, Prince George's County Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malouf, David B.; And Others

    This study evaluated an instructional model entitled "Integrating Computer Software into the Functional Mathematics Curriculum: A Diagnostic Approach," which was intended to prepare middle-school special education students for the Maryland Functional Mathematics Test. The model consisted of eight major components: pretests/posttests, diagnostic…

  12. Adapting a Multiple-Baseline Design Rationale for Evaluating Instructional Interventions: Implications for the Adoption of Direct Instruction Reading Curricula for Evidence-Based Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitale, Michael R.; Kaniuka, Theodore S.

    2012-01-01

    Present national methodological standards for evaluating the credibility of the design of individual research studies have resulted in findings reporting the pre-­post effectiveness of Direct Instruction programs to be eliminated from consideration by educational leaders involved in making curricular decisions intended to advance local school…

  13. Effect of Instruction Using Students' Prior Knowledge and Conceptual Change Strategies on Science Learning. Part I: Development, Application and Evaluation of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewson, Mariana G.

    Reported is the development, use, and evaluation of an instructional technique based upon: (1) the assessment of students' prior knowledge; and (2) a theoretical perspective advocated by Ausubel and others which emphasizes the importance of existing knowledge in influencing subsequent concept learning. The experimental group of 46 South African…

  14. An evaluation of computer-based programmed instruction for promoting teachers' greetings of parents by name.

    PubMed

    Ingvarsson, Einar T; Hanley, Gregory P

    2006-01-01

    Although greeting parents by name facilitates subsequent parent-teacher communication, baseline measures revealed that 4 preschool teachers never or rarely greeted parents by name during morning check-in. To promote frequent and accurate use of parents' names by teachers, the effects of a fully automated computerized assessment and programmed instruction (CAPI) intervention were evaluated in a multiple baseline design. The CAPI intervention involved assessment and training of relations among parents' and children's pictures and names, and produced rapid learning of parent names. The CAPI intervention also resulted in substantial improvements in the classroom use of parents' names for 3 of the 4 teachers; however, a supervisor-mediated feedback package (consisting of instructions, differential reinforcement, and error correction) was necessary to maintain name use for 2 of those teachers. The practical strengths and limitations of computer-based teacher training are discussed.

  15. An Evaluation of Instruction in Visual Imagining on the Written Spelling Performance of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities.

    PubMed

    Aguirre, Angelica A; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

    2015-06-01

    Recent research has evaluated the utility of teaching potentially covert strategies to mediate overt performance. As an extension of this developing literature, the current study used a multiple-probe design to evaluate the effects of instructing in a visual imagining strategy on correct written spelling responses with three adolescents with various learning disabilities. After the participants were presented with the textual target stimuli, they were instructed to imagine the word in their head before writing it down. All three participants demonstrated improvements in spelling after this instruction, but two of them required additional consequences to meet the mastery criterion. PMID:27606205

  16. Instructional Effectiveness and Instructional Efficiency as Considerations for Data-Based Decision Making: An Evaluation of Interpersing Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cates, Gary L.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Watson, T. Steuart; Meadows, Tawnya J.; Weaver, Adam; Jac, Bertha

    2003-01-01

    The current study investigated the extent to which considering instructional time and student learning rate affects academic treatment decisions. Five second-grade students with difficulties in spelling were exposed to three spelling interventions (traditional drill and practice, interspersal training, and high-p sequencing). Using an alternating…

  17. Evaluating Educational Resources for Inclusion in the Dig Texas Instructional Blueprints for Earth & Space Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobs, B. E.; Bohls-Graham, E.; Martinez, A. O.; Ellins, K. K.; Riggs, E. M.; Serpa, L. F.; Stocks, E.; Fox, S.; Kent, M.

    2014-12-01

    Today's instruction in Earth's systems requires thoughtful selection of curricula, and in turn, high quality learning activities that address modern Earth science. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), which are intended to guide K-12 science instruction, further demand a discriminating selection process. The DIG (Diversity & Innovation in Geoscience) Texas Instructional Blueprints attempt to fulfill this practice by compiling vetted educational resources freely available online into units that are the building blocks of the blueprints. Each blueprint is composed of 9 three-week teaching units and serves as a scope and sequence for teaching a one-year Earth science course. In the earliest stages of the project, teams explored the Internet for classroom-worthy resources, including laboratory investigations, videos, visualizations, and readings, and submitted the educational resources deemed suitable for the project into the project's online review tool. Each team member evaluated the educational resources chosen by fellow team members according to a set of predetermined criteria that had been incorporated into the review tool. Resources rated as very good or excellent by all team members were submitted to the project PIs for approval. At this stage, approved resources became candidates for inclusion in the blueprint units. Team members tagged approved resources with descriptors for the type of resource and instructional strategy, and aligned these to the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Earth and Space Science and the Earth Science Literacy Principles. Each team then assembled and sequenced resources according to content strand, balancing the types of learning experiences within each unit. Once units were packaged, teams then considered how they addressed the NGSS and identified the relevant disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering practices. In addition to providing a brief overview of the project, this

  18. Evaluation of best practices in the design of online evidence-based practice instructional modules*

    PubMed Central

    Foster, Margaret J.; Shurtz, Suzanne; Pepper, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The research determined to what extent best practices are being followed by freely available online modules aimed at teaching critical thinking and evidence-based practices (EBPs) in health sciences fields. Methods: In phase I, an evaluation rubric was created after reviewing the literature. Individual rubric questions were assigned point values and grouped into sections, and the sections weighted. Phase II involved searching Internet platforms to locate online EBP modules, which were screened to determine if they met predetermined criteria for inclusion. Phase III comprised a first evaluation, in which two authors assessed each module, followed by a second evaluation of the top-scoring modules by five representatives from different health sciences units. Results: The rubric's 28 questions were categorized into 4 sections: content, design, interactivity, and usability. After retrieving 170 online modules and closely screening 91, 42 were in the first evaluation and 8 modules were in the second evaluation. Modules in the first evaluation earned, on average, 59% of available points; modules in the second earned an average of 68%. Both evaluations had a moderate level of inter-rater reliability. Conclusions: The rubric was effective and reliable in evaluating the modules. Most modules followed best practices for content and usability but not for design and interactivity. Implications: By systematically collecting and evaluating instructional modules, the authors found many potentially useful elements for module creation. Also, by reviewing the limitations of the evaluated modules, the authors were able to anticipate and plan ways to overcome potential issues in module design. PMID:24415917

  19. Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

    2011-01-01

    Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation…

  20. The impact of eyewitness expert evidence and judicial instruction on juror ability to evaluate eyewitness testimony.

    PubMed

    Martire, Kristy A; Kemp, Richard I

    2009-06-01

    It has been argued that psychologists should provide expert evidence to help jurors discriminate between accurate and inaccurate eyewitness identifications. In this article we compare the effects of judicial instruction with expert evidence that is either congruent or incongruent with the ground truth, focusing on juror ability to evaluate "real" eyewitness evidence. In contrast to studies which have employed "fictional" eyewitness designs, we found no appreciable effect of either congruent or incongruent expert evidence on participant-juror sensitivity to eyewitness accuracy. We discuss the role of methodology on the inferences and conclusions that can be made regarding the impact of eyewitness expert evidence. PMID:18597165

  1. Developing Oral Case Presentation Skills: Peer and Self-Evaluations as Instructional Tools

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Dustyn E.; Surakanti, Shravani

    2016-01-01

    Background: Oral case presentation is an essential skill in clinical practice that is decidedly varied and understudied in teaching curricula. Methods: We developed a curriculum to improve oral case presentation skills in medical students. Results: As part of an internal medicine clerkship, students receive instruction in the elements of a good oral case presentation and then present a real-world case in front of a video camera. Each student self-evaluates his/her presentation and receives evaluations from his/her peers. We expect peer and self-evaluation to be meaningful tools for developing skills in oral presentation. Conclusion: We hope to not only improve the quality of oral case presentations by students but also to reduce the time burden on faculty. PMID:27046408

  2. Further evaluation of the high-probability instructional sequence with and without programmed reinforcement.

    PubMed

    Wilder, David A; Majdalany, Lina; Sturkie, Latasha; Smeltz, Lindsay

    2015-09-01

    In 2 experiments, we examined the effects of programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance with low-probability (low-p) instructions. In Experiment 1, we compared the high-p sequence with and without programmed reinforcement (i.e., edible items) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results showed that the high-p sequence increased compliance with low-p instructions only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement. In Experiment 2, we examined the role of reinforcer quality by delivering a lower quality reinforcer (praise) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results of Experiment 2 showed that the high-p sequence with lower quality reinforcement did not improve compliance with low-p instructions; the addition of a higher quality reinforcer (i.e., edible items) contingent on compliance with high-p instructions did increase compliance with low-p instructions. PMID:25998741

  3. An Evaluation of Instruction in Visual Imagining on the Written Spelling Performance of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre, Angelica A.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

    2015-01-01

    Recent research has evaluated the utility of teaching potentially covert strategies to mediate overt performance. As an extension of this developing literature, the current study used a multiple-probe design to evaluate the effects of instructing in a visual imagining strategy on correct written spelling responses with three adolescents with…

  4. Using Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction to Enhance Student Performance and Course Evaluations in Undergraduate Nursing Course.

    PubMed

    Miner, Amy; Mallow, Jennifer; Theeke, Laurie; Barnes, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Teaching large numbers of students can be a challenge for both teachers and students. Implementing new teaching strategies may be 1 way to address the problem. This article presents the impact of using Gagne's 9 events of instruction on student learning and course evaluations over a 3-semester period. Student evaluations indicated enhanced teacher mastery, effectiveness, and enthusiasm. Overall student final grades increased.

  5. Evaluation of a Self-Instruction Package for Conducting Stimulus Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Richard B.; Karsten, Amanda M.

    2012-01-01

    Research suggests that inexperienced individuals cannot accurately implement stimulus preference assessments given written instructions alone. Training that includes written instructions supplemented with feedback from a professional with expertise in conducting preference assessments has proven effective; unfortunately, expert-facilitated direct…

  6. Evaluation of Instruction Using the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zavala, Genaro; Alarcon, Hugo

    2008-10-01

    A modified version of the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is regularly administered to students at the beginning of the semester as a pretest and at the end of the semester as a post-test in a large private university in Mexico. About 500 students each semester, from different engineering majors, take electricity and magnetism in the introductory level, divided into sections of 30-40 students so there are several different instructors, both full-time and part-time. We report on the analysis of the CSEM data using concentration analysis for the purpose of evaluation of instruction. The results showed that students' learning varies with respect to instructor and to CSEM concept area. Students have large learning gains in some concept areas but small learning gains in others. Deeper analysis of a concept area showed that some instructors may tend to strengthen some misconceptions that students have. The analysis can be used to give feedback to instructors for the purpose of improving instruction.

  7. EVALUATION OF ETHICAL IN INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS OF BRAZILIAN SURGICAL JOURNALS

    PubMed Central

    TEIXEIRA, Renan Kleber Costa; YAMAKI, Vitor Nagai; PONTES, Ruy Victor Simões; BRITO, Marcus Vinicius Henriques; da SILVA, José Antonio Cordero

    2015-01-01

    Background: The instructions to authors are the only means of communication between researchers and the editorial standards of a scientific journal. One of the mandatory items to be contained therein is about the ethical part, to prevent new research to carry out abuses with the enrolled on the research are published and stimulated. Aim: To verify the ethical questions on the guidelines of Brazilian surgical journals Method: Thirteen selected journals were divided into two groups: general surgery (n=3), and surgical specialty (n=10). The instructions to authors were analyzed by the quote of ethical requirements based on a specific research protocol, ranging from zero to six points. Results: The average score of the general surgery group was similar than that of the surgical specialty group (3.66±0.57 vs 3.30±1.15, p=0.6154). When each ethical requirement was compared between the groups, there was no significant difference between the ethical requirements (p<0.05). Conclusion: There was respect for most ethical questions evaluated, with no difference between the journals of general or specialty surgery. PMID:26734793

  8. Development and Formative Evaluation of Multimedia Case Studies for Instructional Design and Technology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugar, William

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the development of three case studies that included a combination of multimedia production and instructional design skills within a particular setting. These case studies incorporated real-life incidents from 47 professional instructional designers. These instructional designers described a total of 146 activities involving…

  9. Evaluating Reading and Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Synthesis of Observation Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, John William; Shin, Mikyung; Ciullo, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Systematically observing instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) provides information regarding the quality of school-based interventions, allocation of instructional time, and other implementation variables associated with student outcomes. In this synthesis, observation studies of reading and mathematics instruction from 2000 to…

  10. The Evaluation of Two Methods of College Physics Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ott, Mary Diederich

    Two instructional methods for a freshman physics course were compared: audio-tutorial (AT) instruction in a learning center and lecture-recitation-laboratory (LRL) instruction. Both random assignment and student preference were used to distribute the 575 students between the two methods. Course content, homework, and tests were identical.…

  11. A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emerson, Ian

    1988-01-01

    Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

  12. An Evaluation of the High-Probability Instruction Sequence with and without Programmed Reinforcement for Compliance with High-Probability Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuluaga, Carlos A.; Normand, Matthew P.

    2008-01-01

    We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement.…

  13. Summative Evaluation of Diagnostic and Prescriptive Reading Instruction K-6 Course, Spring, 1975. (Evaluation: DPRI 2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramble, William J.; And Others

    An inservice educational television course, which offered individualized experience in diagnosing specific reading problems and in locating remedial materials, was beamed by communication satellite to 286 elementary school teachers in the Appalachian region. Course evaluation concluded that: (1) participants demonstrated a significant gain in the…

  14. Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume III, Instructional Practices and Student Cognitive Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others

    In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…

  15. Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7

    SciTech Connect

    W. S. Thompson

    2007-02-15

    This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

  16. Problems and Issues in Using Emerging Computer Technologies To Manage and Evaluate Instructional Programs 1, 2, 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, Nancy K.

    School districts have begun examining the feasibility of, and in some cases are developing and implementing automated systems for, managing and evaluating instructional programs. This paper describes and analyzes the issues and problems that emerged over the course of three projects--a large suburban school in the West, a consortium of five small…

  17. Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

    2011-01-01

    This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

  18. Exploring Instructional Strategies to Develop Prospective Elementary Teachers' Children's Literature Book Evaluation Skills for Science, Ecology and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hug, J. William

    2010-01-01

    This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…

  19. The Effect of Instructional Objectives and General Objectives on Student Self-Evaluation of Psychomotor Performance in Power Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janeczko, Robert John

    The major purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative effects of student exposure to instructional objectives upon student self-evaluation of psychomotor activities in a college-level power mechanics course. A randomized posttest-only control group design was used with two different approaches to the statement of the objectives. Four…

  20. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS FOR TEACHING PROFIT-MAXIMIZING PRINCIPLES IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BARKER, RICHARD L.

    THE WRITING, EVALUATION, AND REVISION OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS WERE COMPLETED ON SCHEDULE AND A SUMMARY OF THE STUDY WILL BE PUBLISHED IN THE LOCAL "RESEARCH SERIES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION" TO BE SENT TO ALL STATES. THE DEVELOPMENT AND FINDINGS OF THE STUDY WILL BE INCLUDED IN "AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION MAGAZINE." SAMPLE COPIES OF THE UNIT WERE…

  1. Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

    1997-01-01

    Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

  2. EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS FOR SELECTED AREAS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COFFEY, JOHN L.; AND OTHERS

    THE TWO MAJOR PHASES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE (1) ANALYZING TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SKILLS, AND (2) DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING NINE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS. THREE INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN ANALYZING VOCATIONAL CONTENT SOURCES TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE GENERAL BEHAVIORS AS WELL AS TRADE-SPECIFIC…

  3. Bilingual Resource Instruction for the Development of Gainful Employment Skills (Project BRIDGES). 1990-91 Final Evaluation Profile. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.

    An evaluation was done of New York City Public Schools' Bilingual Resource Instruction for the Development of Gainful Employment Skills Program (Project BRIDGES), which served poor immigrant high school students. The program operated at three Brooklyn high schools (Sheepshead Bay High School, Franklin D. Roosevelt High School, and South Shore High…

  4. Individualizing Instruction for Physically Handicapped and Mentally Retarded Children in Special Schools. School Year 1974-1975. Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fryburg, Estelle L.

    Presented is an evaluation of a program providing physically handicapped and mentally retarded children (4-21 years old) in 19 special educational facilities in New York City with an intensive remedial program in reading and mathematics. The program, involving instruction by paraprofessionals of a minimum of 1/2 to 1 hour each week for a total of…

  5. The Organizational Structure of the Instructional Program of a Community College: An Evaluation With Recommendations for Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jack E.

    A study was undertaken in the Spring of 1974 to evaluate the effectiveness of the administrative structure of the instructional program of East Los Angeles College (ELAC) and to make recommendations for change. Since ELAC was founded 29 years ago each new discipline has been established as a separate department; at the time of the study 27 such…

  6. Visual Search Activity: A Tool for the Evaluation and Development of Computer-Assisted Reading Instructional Programs. Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Behavior Research Lab.

    Information on six research programs which studied eye movements during reading and evaluated aspects of PLATO-displayed reading instructional material is provided in this report. An analysis of eye movements of "competent" and "less competent" readers reading for general and detailed information showed many differences between them. One of the…

  7. Case Studies in Evaluating the Benefits and Costs of Mediated Instruction and Distributed Learning: Synopses/Summaries of Eight Cases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Frank

    This report summarizes eight case studies undertaken to evaluate the benefits and costs of mediated instruction and distributed learning. The case studies included: (1) "The Master's Degree in Social Work at Cleveland State University and the University of Akron: A Case Study of the Benefits and Costs of a Joint Degree Program Offered via…

  8. Using Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction to Enhance Student Performance and Course Evaluations in Undergraduate Nursing Course.

    PubMed

    Miner, Amy; Mallow, Jennifer; Theeke, Laurie; Barnes, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Teaching large numbers of students can be a challenge for both teachers and students. Implementing new teaching strategies may be 1 way to address the problem. This article presents the impact of using Gagne's 9 events of instruction on student learning and course evaluations over a 3-semester period. Student evaluations indicated enhanced teacher mastery, effectiveness, and enthusiasm. Overall student final grades increased. PMID:25628243

  9. Using Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction to Enhance Student Performance and Course Evaluations in Undergraduate Nursing Course

    PubMed Central

    Miner, Amy; Mallow, Jennifer; Theeke, Laurie; Barnes, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Teaching large numbers of students can be a challenge for both teachers and students. Implementing new teaching strategies may be 1 way to address the problem. This paper presents the impact of using Gagne's 9 events of instruction on student learning and course evaluations over a 3-semester period. Student evaluation ratings indicated enhanced teacher mastery, effectiveness, and enthusiasm. Overall student final grades increased. PMID:25628243

  10. Evaluation Report for "Operation RISE" (Recreation-Instruction-Service-Enrichment) in the City of Medford, Massachusetts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medford Public Schools, MA.

    Operation RISE (Recreation-Instruction-Service-Enrichment) was an ESEA Title I Program comprised of services to 660 (from grades 11-12) educationally disadvantaged elementary and secondary school students of Medford, Massachusetts during a six-week period in the summer of 1969. In this period each student was given remedial instruction in the…

  11. Evaluation of an Online Instructional Database Accessed by QR Codes to Support Biochemistry Practical Laboratory Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yip, Tor; Melling, Louise; Shaw, Kirsty J.

    2016-01-01

    An online instructional database containing information on commonly used pieces of laboratory equipment was created. In order to make the database highly accessible and to promote its use, QR codes were utilized. The instructional materials were available anytime and accessed using QR codes located on the equipment itself and within undergraduate…

  12. Experimental Evaluation of Instructional Consultation Teams on Teacher Beliefs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vu, Phuong; Shanahan, Katherine Bruckman; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd; Koehler, Jessica; Kaiser, Lauren; Berger, Jill; Vaganek, Megan; Gottfredson, Gary D.; Nelson, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Instructional Consultation Teams (IC Teams) are an early intervention service intended to support teachers in working with struggling students. This is a large-scale experimental trial investigating the effects of IC Teams on teacher efficacy, instructional practices, collaboration, and job satisfaction. Public elementary schools (N = 34) were…

  13. An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahler, Alan A.

    The study was designed to test new instructional techniques in vocational agriculture, determine their effectiveness on student achievement, and compare individual and group instructional techniques. Forty-eight randomly selected Iowa high school vocational agriculture programs with enrollments of 35 students or more, were selected for testing the…

  14. A Case Study of Design and Usability Evaluation of the Collaborative Problem Solving Instructional Platform System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Jen-Yi; Chao, Shu-Jen; Yao, Lo-Yi; Liu, Chuan-His

    2016-01-01

    This study used Focus Group to analyze user requirements for user interface so as to understand what capabilities of the Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) Instructional Platform were expected by users. After 12 focus group interviews, the following four functions had been identified as essential to the CPS Instructional Platform: CPS…

  15. Best methods for evaluating educational impact: a comparison of the efficacy of commonly used measures of library instruction

    PubMed Central

    Schilling, Katherine; Applegate, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Objectives and Background: Libraries are increasingly called upon to demonstrate student learning outcomes and the tangible benefits of library educational programs. This study reviewed and compared the efficacy of traditionally used measures for assessing library instruction, examining the benefits and drawbacks of assessment measures and exploring the extent to which knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors actually paralleled demonstrated skill levels. Methods: An overview of recent literature on the evaluation of information literacy education addressed these questions: (1) What evaluation measures are commonly used for evaluating library instruction? (2) What are the pros and cons of popular evaluation measures? (3) What are the relationships between measures of skills versus measures of attitudes and behavior? Research outcomes were used to identify relationships between measures of attitudes, behaviors, and skills, which are typically gathered via attitudinal surveys, written skills tests, or graded exercises. Results and Conclusions: Results provide useful information about the efficacy of instructional evaluation methods, including showing significant disparities between attitudes, skills, and information usage behaviors. This information can be used by librarians to implement the most appropriate evaluation methods for measuring important variables that accurately demonstrate students' attitudes, behaviors, or skills. PMID:23133325

  16. AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SEQUENCING, PRETESTING, AND ACTIVE STUDENT RESPONSE TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMMED TV INSTRUCTION. STUDIES IN TELEVISED INSTRUCTION, REPORT 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GROPPER, GEORGE L.; LUMSDAINE, ARTHUR A.

    A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION. THIS STUDY, THE THIRD IN A SERIES, EXPLORED THE ROLE IN FIXED-PACE TELEVISION INSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICES EMPLOYED IN TEACHING-MACHINE INSTRUCTION. THREE SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED--(1) A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LESSON ON NEWTON'S…

  17. Formative evaluation of traditional instruction and cooperative inquiry projects in undergraduate chemistry laboratory courses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panichas, Michael A.

    Reform agendas for practice in undergraduate chemistry are moving curriculum beyond traditional behaviorist teaching strategies to include constructivist approaches, for extending student learning beyond simple mastery of chemistry content (Bunce & Robinson, 1997; Lagowski, 1998; Herron & Nurrenburn, 1999). Yet implementing new strategies requires assessment of their benefit to learning. This study was undertaken to provide a formal and formative evaluation of the curricula in General and Organic chemistry laboratory courses, which are structured with both Traditional expository lab exercises, and a cooperative inquiry exercise called the Open Ended Project. Using a mixed-methodological case study framework, the primary goal of the research was to determine how the inclusion of these teaching strategies impacts student learning in the areas of Academic Achievement and Affective Learning from the perspective of the students enrolled in these lab classes. The findings suggest that the current curriculum structure of including both Traditional Instruction and the Open Ended Project does address students' Academic Achievement and Affective Learning. However, students perceived that these curriculum components each contributed differently to their learning. For Academic Achievement, Traditional Experiments and the Project had a positive impact on students' operational skills, such as how to use and choose lab techniques for performing or designing experiments, as well as their conceptual learning, such as understanding concepts, and relating those concepts during data analysis. Yet for Affective Learning, such as students' sense of confidence, accomplishment, and engagement, the Project, which has a cooperative learning element, had a positive impact on student learning, while Traditional Experiments, which do not have a cooperative learning element, had a moderate negative impact. The findings point to Cooperative Learning as the key element, which makes the positive

  18. Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Interventions to Improve Areas of Occupation and Social Participation After Stroke: An Evidence-Based Review

    PubMed Central

    Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)–based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

  19. A Commonwealth Consortium to Develop, Implement and Evaluate a Pilot Program of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Urban High Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitzel, Harold E.; And Others

    The school districts of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, the Department of Education of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and Pennsylvania State University formed the Computer-Assisted Instruction Consortium to develop and evaluate two high school mathematics programs utilizing the medium of computer-assisted instruction. The first 18 months of the…

  20. To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neale, Jenifer

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation…

  1. MICROPIK: A Multiple-Alternatives, Criterion-Referenced Decisioning Model for Evaluating CAI Software and Microcomputer Hardware Against Selected Curriculum Instructional Objectives. Paper and Report Series No. 73.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wholeben, Brent Edward

    This report describing the use of operations research techniques to determine which courseware packages or what microcomputer systems best address varied instructional objectives focuses on the MICROPIK model, a highly structured evaluation technique for making such complex instructional decisions. MICROPIK is a multiple alternatives model (MAA)…

  2. An Experimental Evaluation of Programed Instruction as One of Two Review Techniques for Two-Year College Students Concerned with Solving Acid-Base Chemical Equilibrium Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharon, Jared Bear

    The major purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a programed instructional unit for a first year college chemistry course. The topic of the unit was the categorization and solution of acid-base equilibria problems. The experimental programed instruction text was used by 41 students and the fifth edition of Schaum's Theory and Problems of…

  3. Richardson Instructional Management System (RIMS). How to Blend a Computerized Objectives-Referenced Testing System, Distributive Data Processing, and Systemwide Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riegel, N. Blyth

    Recent changes in the structure of curriculum and the instructional system in Texas have required a major reorganization of teaching, evaluating, budgeting, and planning activities in the local education agencies, which has created the need for a database. The history of Richardson Instructional Management System (RIMS), its data processing…

  4. Internalizing Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Barbara L.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the variety of types of products produced by instructional designers, discusses the role of the designer, lists the critical instructional design attributes needed by instructors who design and implement loosely structured instructional products, and discusses prototype evaluation methods for less flexible, instructor-centered products.…

  5. Commercial Carpentry: Instructional Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diehl, Donald W.; Penner, Wayman R.

    This manual contains instructional materials which measure student performance on commercial carpentry behavioral objectives; criterion-referenced evaluation instruments are also included. Each of the manual's eleven sections consists of one or more units of instruction. Each instructional unit includes behavioral objectives, suggested activities…

  6. Instructional Design: System Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

    This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

  7. Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences

    SciTech Connect

    Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2011-05-01

    Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

  8. Evaluating Individual Students' Perceptions of Instructional Quality: An Investigation of their Factor Structure, Measurement Invariance, and Relations to Educational Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Scherer, Ronny; Nilsen, Trude; Jansen, Malte

    2016-01-01

    Students' perceptions of instructional quality are among the most important criteria for evaluating teaching effectiveness. The present study evaluates different latent variable modeling approaches (confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling, and bifactor modeling), which are used to describe these individual perceptions with respect to their factor structure, measurement invariance, and the relations to selected educational outcomes (achievement, self-concept, and motivation in mathematics). On the basis of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 large-scale data sets of Australia, Canada, and the USA (N = 26,746 students), we find support for the distinction between three factors of individual students' perceptions and full measurement invariance across countries for all modeling approaches. In this regard, bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling outperformed alternative approaches with respect to model fit. Our findings reveal significant relations to the educational outcomes. This study synthesizes different modeling approaches of individual students' perceptions of instructional quality and provides insights into the nature of these perceptions from an individual differences perspective. Implications for the measurement and modeling of individually perceived instructional quality are discussed. PMID:26903917

  9. Evaluating Individual Students' Perceptions of Instructional Quality: An Investigation of their Factor Structure, Measurement Invariance, and Relations to Educational Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Scherer, Ronny; Nilsen, Trude; Jansen, Malte

    2016-01-01

    Students' perceptions of instructional quality are among the most important criteria for evaluating teaching effectiveness. The present study evaluates different latent variable modeling approaches (confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling, and bifactor modeling), which are used to describe these individual perceptions with respect to their factor structure, measurement invariance, and the relations to selected educational outcomes (achievement, self-concept, and motivation in mathematics). On the basis of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 large-scale data sets of Australia, Canada, and the USA (N = 26,746 students), we find support for the distinction between three factors of individual students' perceptions and full measurement invariance across countries for all modeling approaches. In this regard, bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling outperformed alternative approaches with respect to model fit. Our findings reveal significant relations to the educational outcomes. This study synthesizes different modeling approaches of individual students' perceptions of instructional quality and provides insights into the nature of these perceptions from an individual differences perspective. Implications for the measurement and modeling of individually perceived instructional quality are discussed. PMID:26903917

  10. Evaluation of the Autohaler actuator: the effect of written patient instructions on correct use.

    PubMed

    Kelloway, J S; Kochevar, J W; Sveum, R J; Hahn, M A

    1993-01-01

    The Autohaler actuator is a breath-actuated device designed by 3M Pharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to measure and improve the effectiveness of the device's package insert instructions (PII). Using only the PII for guidance, 5 of 20 (25%) subjects failed to trigger the device. The PII were revised based on the subject's performance and suggestions. Using the revised PII, only 1 of 20 (5%) different subjects failed to trigger the device. These results indicate that relatively minor modifications to instructions can result in significant improvements in patient use. Eighty-five percent of the participants thought the device was easier to use than a metered-dose inhaler.

  11. Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henderson, Charles

    2008-02-01

    An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in their teaching behavior. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well documented and widely available, widespread changes in physics and astronomy teaching at the college level has yet to occur. The Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem since 1996. This workshop, which is jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to a four-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PAER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the Workshop as measured by surveys of Workshop participants and physics and astronomy department chairs. The results indicate that the Workshop is successful in meeting its goals and might be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PAER-based instructional ideas and materials.

  12. Designing and Evaluating Research-Based Instructional Sequences for Introducing Magnetic Fields

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose Manuel; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the didactic suitability of introducing a teaching sequence when teaching the concept of magnetic fields within introductory physics courses at the university level. This instructional sequence was designed taking into account students' common conceptions, an analysis of the course content, and the history of the development of…

  13. Building the Emotional Intelligence and Effective Functioning of Student Work Groups: Evaluation of an Instructional Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Christina Hamme

    2012-01-01

    Group-based learning is common practice in university classrooms. Despite the frequent student complaint of social loafing from teammates, methods for teaching students how to address teamwork issues are rarely incorporated into group assignments. Students are instructed on their final product, rather than their group process. In this article, an…

  14. Cooperative Learning Instructional Methods for CS1: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Leland; Chizhik, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Cooperative learning is a well-known instructional technique that has been applied with a wide variety of subject matter and a broad spectrum of populations. This article briefly reviews the principles of cooperative learning, and describes how these principles were incorporated into a comprehensive set of cooperative learning activities for a CS1…

  15. Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

    2009-01-01

    This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

  16. Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

    2008-01-01

    Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

  17. An Evaluation-Oriented Approach to Production of Computer-Based Instructional Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avner, R. A.

    This manual provides information for the preparation of material for presentation by computer-based instructional systems. The following topics are discussed: the advantages of computer-based education (CBE); the requirements for basic learning; the importance of behavioral objectives in CBE; specific types of CBE systems; use of on-line data;…

  18. A Review on Usability Evaluation Methods for Instructional Multimedia: An Analytical Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sing, Chai Ching; Der-Thanq, Victor Chen

    2004-01-01

    One common objective of instructional multimedia products is enhancement of learning. It follows that one of the primary tasks of the interface designer is the creation of a user-interface that is motivating, interactive, intuitive and at the same time imposing as minimal as possible a cognitive load on the learner. To achieve this goal, qualities…

  19. Stimulus Approach Tendencies of Learners as a Factor in Instructional Materials Evaluation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruha, John J.

    The purposes of this study were: (1) to validate capillary pulse pressure as an indicator of affective response, (2) to determine whether teachers and students respond similarly to instructional films, (3) to determine whether positive affective response yields greater cognitive learning, and (4) to determine whether capillary pulse pressure can…

  20. Causal Analysis of the Effects of Situational Variables on Student Evaluation of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazzuca, Steven A.; Feldhusen, John F.

    A theory, which proposed a hierarchy of determinants of student ratings of instruction, was tested. Situational variables such as class size, elective enrollment, and grade expectancy were hypothesized to be only indicators of more potent determiners. These motivational constructs were diversity of enrollment motives and subject matter interests,…

  1. Physeu: A Computerized Instructional and Self-Evaluation Program for Learning Medical Physiology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipsky, Joseph A.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Presented is a curriculum description for medical school physiology. The curriculum involves integration of computer-based instruction with periodic faculty/student contact. The curriculum has four modes of operation. Modes can be selected by the instructor to best suit student needs. Student exam performance has shown increased learning through…

  2. Applying Universal Instructional Design to Course Websites by Using Course Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Irene; Leslie, Donald; Kwan, Denise

    2012-01-01

    The authors explore their use of learner-centred teaching strategies and Universal Instructional Design (UID) on course websites. UID is based on universal design, the design of products and environments intended to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible (Burgstahler & Cory, 2008). UID applies universal design to instructional…

  3. Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

    2009-01-01

    Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…

  4. Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content. 1986 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Textbook Development Unit.

    The California Legislature recognized the significant place of instructional materials in the formation of a child's attitudes and beliefs when it adopted "Educational Code" sections 60040 through 60044. The "Education Code" sections referred to in this document are intended to help dispel negative stereotypes by emphasizing people in diverse,…

  5. Scientific Explanations: Characterizing and Evaluating the Effects of Teachers' Instructional Practices on Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…

  6. Reading with Vocabulary Intervention: Evaluation of an Instruction for Children with Poor Response to Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duff, Fiona J.; Fieldsend, Elizabeth; Bowyer-Crane, Claudine; Hulme, Charles; Smith, Glynnis; Gibbs, Simon; Snowling, Margaret J.

    2008-01-01

    Interventions combining phonically based reading instruction with phonological training are generally effective for children with reading (decoding) difficulties. However, a minority of children respond poorly to such interventions. This study explored the characteristics of children who showed poor response to reading intervention and aimed to…

  7. Using a Video Split-Screen Technique To Evaluate Streaming Instructional Videos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, William J.; Bernas, Ronan S.; McCann, Steven A.

    The Media Center at Eastern Illinois University developed and streamed on the Internet 26 short (one to five minutes) instructional videos about WebCT that illustrated specific functions, including logging-in, changing a password, and using chat. This study observed trainees using and reacting to selections of these videos. It set out to assess…

  8. An Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer Lesson in Biomechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boysen, John P.; Francis, Peter R.

    1982-01-01

    One group of undergraduate students were taught a one-hour computerized lesson on free body diagram analysis, developed at Iowa State University for use with the PLATO system. Other students studied the same material using worksheets. Both methods appeared to be equally effective although the computer system offered some instructional advantages.…

  9. THE EVALUATION OF ELECTRONIC SELF-INSTRUCTION ON PIANO KEYBOARD. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LUND, VICTOR E.

    OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO COMPARE THE LEARNING OF PIANO KEYBOARD SKILLS BY CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTION AND BY AN "ELECTRONIC KEYBOARD TUTOR" (EKT) DEVICE, BOTH PROVIDING MONITORING, AND IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK. THE EKT PROVIDES VISUAL FEEDBACK ONLY--IT IS A SYSTEM OF ELECTRIC SWITCHES CONNECTED TO A PIANO KEYBOARD. EDUCATION STUDENTS INITIALLY AT…

  10. Concept Mapping as a Research Tool to Evaluate Conceptual Change Related to Instructional Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kevin J.; Koury, Kevin A.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Hollingsead, Candice; Mitchem, Katherine J.; Tsai, Hui-Hsien; Park, Meeaeng Ko

    2009-01-01

    Concept maps are commonly used in a variety of educational settings as a learning aid or instructional tool. Additionally, their potential as a research tool has been recognized. This article defines features of concept maps, describes the use of pre- and postconcept maps as a research tool, and offers a protocol for employing concept maps as an…

  11. Evaluating Writing Instruction through an Investigation of Students' Experiences of Learning through Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Robert A.; Taylor, Charlotte E.; Drury, Helen

    2005-01-01

    Learning through writing is a way of learning not only the appropriate written expression of disciplinary knowledge, but also the knowledge itself through reflection and revision. This study investigates the quality of a writing experience provided to university students in a first-year biology subject. The writing instruction methodology used is…

  12. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Mini-Course on Empathic Responding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozma, Robert B.; Bertcher, Harvey

    Studies of interpersonal helping processes have identified accurate empathic understanding as a skill significantly associated with effective helping. In recent years empathy training has become something of a fad, often involving expensive, time consuming marathon weekends. In reaction to this trend a self-instructional package was designed to…

  13. An Evaluation of the Costs of Computer-Assisted Instruction. Program Report No. 80-B7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.; Woo, Louis

    Cost data were collected from a study on the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction (CAI) for culturally disadvantaged children in the Los Angeles Unified School District. Based upon the resource ingredients approach to measuring costs, it was found that up to three daily 10-minute sessions of drill and practice could be provided for each…

  14. The Journalism Writing Course: Evaluation of Hybrid versus Online Grammar Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jensen; Jones, Khristen

    2015-01-01

    This study examined introductory journalism writing courses and compared hybrid (part online/part classroom) versus online grammar instruction. The hybrid structure allowed for grammar topics to be taught online, with a pretest following, and then reviewing missed/difficult pretest concepts in class prior to a posttest. The quasi-experimental…

  15. Evaluation of Reading Skills in the Wisconsin Prototypic System of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Joseph M.; Knight, Diana

    A system designed to provide a framework for the individualization of reading instruction is discussed. The heart of the system is a mastery checklist of reading skills for each child which provides teachers with a means for discovering the specific skill needs of their students. Initially, the system depended upon individual assessment exercises…

  16. Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

    2009-01-01

    A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

  17. Evaluation of an Instruction Program on Diabetes Diet by Means of a Teaching Machine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teuscher, A.; Heidecker, Barbara

    1976-01-01

    A study of 119 diabetic patients, student nurses, social workers, dieticians, and medical students indicates that programmed self-teaching with feedback by multiple-choice questions is an efficient method of instruction of basic facts of nutrition for diabetes. It enables the physician to spend more time on the patient's personal problems.…

  18. Game Playing with a Bite! An Evaluative Simulation. Instructional Activities Series IA/S-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Robert G.

    This activity is one of a series of 17 teacher-developed instructional activities for geography at the secondary-grade level described in SO 009 140. This activity employs a simulation approach to investigate factors influencing industrial locations. Students design proposals intended to attract specific industries to specific cities. The flow…

  19. Instructional Computing in Minority Institutions: A Needs/Strategy Assessment. Final Technical Report of Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Patricia; And Others

    Designated as Appendices C-G, the five reports in this collection complete the final report of a survey of 239 minority colleges and universities which was conducted to determine both the current status and the desired status of instructional computing at these schools. The executive summary (see related document) includes Appendices A and…

  20. A suggested Ten-Year Phased Program for Developing, Evaluating and Implementing Instructional Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, James G.

    A national program is necessary to discover and implement the best ways to utilize educational technology. Several university centers for research and development on instructional technology could provide a basis for national initiative in this field. These centers should carry out basic research on systems theory, with emphasis on such fields as…

  1. Engaging Conversation: Evaluating the Contribution of Library Instruction to the Quality of Student Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmons, Mark; Martin, Wanda

    2002-01-01

    Compared research papers before and after implementation of an inquiry-based library instruction program at the University of New Mexico to asses the program's effectiveness and consider its future development. Discusses increased collaboration between the library and the English department and suggests more training for instructors and greater…

  2. An Examination of Kinesiology GTAs' Perceptions of an Instructional Development and Evaluation Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Jared A.

    2008-01-01

    Kinesiology graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) provide an invaluable role in carrying out the instructional mission of many universities and colleges. However, the last two decades have seen an increase in public criticism and concern concerning the manner in which GTAs are employed to teach higher education courses, the extent they are prepared…

  3. Napping and Nighttime Sleep: Findings From an Occupation-Based Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Fogelberg, Donald; Sleight, Alix; Mallinson, Trudy; Vigen, Cheryl; Blanchard, Jeanine; Carlson, Mike; Clark, Florence

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. To describe sleeping behaviors and trends over time among an ethnically diverse group of community-living older adults. METHOD. A descriptive secondary data analysis of a subsample (n = 217) from the Lifestyle Redesign randomized controlled trial was done to explore baseline napping and sleeping patterns as well as 6-mo changes in these outcomes. RESULTS. At baseline, the average time sleeping was 8.2 hr daily (standard deviation = 1.7). Among all participants, 29% reported daytime napping at baseline, of which 36% no longer napped at follow-up. Among participants who stopped napping, those who received an occupation-based intervention (n = 98) replaced napping time with nighttime sleep, and those not receiving an intervention (n = 119) experienced a net loss of total sleep (p < .05). CONCLUSION. Among participants who stopped napping, the occupation-based intervention may be related to enhanced sleep. More research examining the role of occupation-based interventions in improving sleep is warranted. PMID:27294991

  4. Better Instruction through Better Evaluation. Proceedings of the Annual State Conference on Educational Research (25th, Los Angeles, November 29-30, 1973). Research Resume No. 50.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Teachers Association, Burlingame.

    This report contains each of the general addresses and symposia of the annual California conference on educational evaluation. The three general sessions described are concerned with the evaluation of instruction and instructors, and some procedural problems of evaluation. The symposia included: (1) Divergent Perceptions of Instructional…

  5. Proceedings of the Annual State Conference on Educational Research, "Better Instruction Through Better Evaluation" (25th, Los Angeles, November 29-30, 1973).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Teachers Association, Burlingame.

    Three speeches and 10 symposium reports are contained in this conference summary. The speeches are entitled: a) "How to Improve Instruction on the Basis of Evaluation"; b) "Evaluation of Instructors: The State of the Art and the Art of the State"; and c) "Apple Pie, Motherhood, and Evaluation." The topics of the 10 symposia are: a) Divergent…

  6. Design, development, and evaluation of visual aids for communicating prescription drug instructions to nonliterate patients in rural Cameroon.

    PubMed

    Ngoh, L N; Shepherd, M D

    1997-03-01

    In this study, culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults who had a prescription for a solid oral dosage form of antibiotic medications were developed and evaluated. The researchers conceptualized the educational messages while a local artist produced the visual aids. Seventy-eight female ambulatory patients were evaluated for comprehension and compliance with antibiotic prescription instructions. The study was conducted in three health centers in Cameroon, West Africa and followed a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up format for three groups: two experimental, and one control. All participants were randomly assigned to either experimental or control groups, 26 patients to each group. Subjects in the experimental groups received visual aids alone or visual aids plus an Advanced Organizer. A comparison of the three groups showed that subjects in the experimental groups scored significantly higher than the control group in both the comprehension and compliance measures.

  7. Microbiological assessment and evaluation of rehydration instructions on powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J

    2013-01-01

    A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:23141821

  8. Microbiological assessment and evaluation of rehydration instructions on powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J

    2013-01-01

    A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae.

  9. Evaluation of the TSC Dolphin Computer Assisted Instructional System in the Chapter 1 Program of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Final Report 85-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others

    Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…

  10. Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of Students with Disabilities. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, L.; Carver, W.; VanDeZande, J.; Lazarus, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Council of Chief State School Officers' "Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate the Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of Students with Disabilities" was first developed to establish guidelines for states to use for the selection, administration, and evaluation of accommodations for…

  11. Elegant Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

  12. The Instructional Planning Team: An Organizational Arrangement To Accomplish Planning, Teaching, and Evaluation in a School. A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, David H.; And Others

    The Instructional Planning Team is based on the Research and Instruction Unit of the Wisconsin R & D Center for Cognitive Learning. To determine if the IPT as an organizational arrangement would increase the ability of a group of classroom teachers to use research-based information to improve their instructional program, a pilot test was conducted…

  13. Development and formative evaluation of an instructional simulation of adiabatic processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, Ying-Shao

    The purpose of this research was to develop a computer-based instructional simulation of adiabatic processes and to study the effects of selected characteristics of the simulation on students conceptual development, problem solving and transfer. To study these issues the related literature was reviewed, a simulation was developed and a two-pronged research study was employed. From the review of literature and constructivist theory, a simulation to facilitate active and situated learning was developed. It included the features of multiple representations, interaction, and authentic tasks. The subjects for the study were students enrolled in a beginning meteorology course at Iowa State University. An experimental study was conducted comparing achievement measures of two groups who used different versions of the simulation and a control group who did not use the simulation. In addition, selected students were interviewed to gain a deeper understanding of their use of the simulation. The performances of the groups were compared on scores from a posttest and weather forecasts. As expected, since the simulation was not integrated into classroom activities, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Interview data supported the design and future use of the simulation. Four of the five students saw the task as being authentic. The multiple representations were used by the students to construct knowledge across representations and to choose their own mode of representation for exploring the simulation. Of the five students interviewed, only one had used an effective problem solving strategy. This student also demonstrated a better understanding of how to transfer newly-gained knowledge to weather forecast exercises. Two other students were poised for improvement of their problem solving strategies, having the basic strategy but needing refinement, and the other two were in need of basic instruction and guidance. This study clearly revealed a

  14. Introducing a New Concept Inventory on Climate Change to Support Undergraduate Instruction, Teacher Education, Education Research, and Project Evaluation (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morrow, C. A.; Monsaas, J.; Katzenberger, J.; Afolabi, C. Y.

    2013-12-01

    The Concept Inventory on Climate Change (CICC) is a new research-based, multiple-choice 'test' that provides a powerful new assessment tool for undergraduate instructors, teacher educators, education researchers, and project evaluators. This presentation will describe the features and the development process of the (CICC). This includes insights about how the development team (co-authors) integrated and augmented their multi-disciplinary expertise. The CICC has been developed in the context of a popular introductory undergraduate weather and climate course at a southeastern research university (N~400-500 per semester). The CICC is not a test for a grade, but is intended to be a useful measure of how well a given teaching and learning experience has succeeded in improving understanding about climate change and related climate concepts. The science content addressed by the CICC is rooted in the national consensus document, 'Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science'. The CICC has been designed to support undergraduate instruction, and may be valuable in comparable contexts that teach about climate change. CICC results can help to inform decisions about the effectiveness of teaching strategies by 1) flagging conceptual issues (PRE-instruction); and 2) detecting conceptual change (POST-instruction). Specific CICC items and their answer choices are informed by the research literature on common misunderstandings about climate and climate change. Each CICC item is rated on a 3-tier scale of the cognitive sophistication the item is calling for, and there is a balance among all three tiers across the full instrument. The CICC development process has involved data-driven changes to successive versions. Data sources have included item statistics from the administration of progressively evolved versions of the CICC in the weather and climate course, group interviews with students, and expert review by climate scientists, educators, and project evaluators

  15. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction in a gross anatomy course: a six-year study.

    PubMed

    McNulty, John A; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M

    2009-01-01

    Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Student personality preferences and learning styles were measured using the Meyers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI). Information on "computer literacy" and use of CAI was collected from student surveys. Server logs were used to quantify individual use of respective CAI. There was considerable variability in the level of utilization of each CAI by individual students. Individual use of each CAI differed and was associated with gender, MBTI preferences and learning style, but not with "computer literacy." The majority of students found the CAI useful for learning and used the CAI by themselves. Students who accessed the CAI resources most frequently scored significantly higher on exams compared with students who never accessed the resources. Our results show that medical students do not uniformly use CAI developed for their curriculum and this variability is associated with various attributes of individual students. Our data also provide evidence of the importance of understanding student preferences and learning styles when implementing CAI into the curriculum. PMID:19217066

  16. Evaluation, Modification, and Validation of Pictograms Depicting Medication Instructions in the Elderly.

    PubMed

    Berthenet, Marion; Vaillancourt, Régis; Pouliot, Annie

    2016-01-01

    Poor health literacy has been recognized as a limiting factor in the elderly's ability to comprehend written or verbal medication information and also to successfully adhere to medical regimens. The objective of this study was to validate a set of pictograms depicting medication instructions for use among the elderly to support health literacy. Elderly outpatients were recruited in 3 community pharmacies in Canada. One-on-one structured interviews were conducted to assess comprehension of 76 pictograms from the International Pharmaceutical Federation. Comprehension was assessed using transparency testing and pictogram translucency, or the degree to which the pictogram represents the intended message. A total of 135 participants were enrolled in this study, and 76 pictograms were assessed. A total of 50 pictograms achieved more than 67% comprehension. Pictograms depicting precautions and warnings against certain side effects were generally not well understood. Gender, age, and education level all had a significant impact on the interpretation scores of certain individual pictograms. When all pictograms were included, younger males had a significantly higher comprehension score than older females, and participants with a higher level of education provided significantly higher translucency scores. Even when pictograms reached the comprehension threshold set by the International Organization for Standardization in the general populations, only 50 of these pictograms achieved more than 67% comprehension among the elderly, confirming that validation in this subpopulation should be conducted prior to using specific pictograms. Accompanying pictograms with education about these pictograms and important counseling points remains extremely important. PMID:27043755

  17. Management and Evaluation Plan for Instructional Systems Development for Vocational-Technical Education. Project ABLE: Development and Evaluation of an Experimental Curriculum for the New Quincy (Mass.) Vocational-Technical School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ullery, J. William

    Intended to serve as a manual for the developmental and evaluative activities of Project ABLE, this report presents the management and evaluation plan for instructional system development. Major emphasis of the plan is the formation of evaluative procedures drawing on student performance data as the primary source of feedback. To insure continuous…

  18. Instructional Design Theory: Advancements from Cognitive Science and Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennyson, Robert D.

    Scientific advancements in cognitive science and instructional technology extend the behaviorally-oriented learning paradigm of instructional design and management in three major areas: (1) analysis of information-to-be-learned; (2) means of evaluating learners; and (3) linkage of learning theory to instructional prescriptions. The two basic types…

  19. "Who Has Time for This?" Negotiating Roles in Instructional Supervision and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Chris; Ingle, W. Kyle

    2015-01-01

    This case examines how school leaders manage the increased demands of a new state-mandated teacher evaluation process. Subject to negotiations, districts and their local teacher unions can allow for teachers to be credentialed and serve as evaluators within their own schools. The challenge is examined through both the opportunity costs of this new…

  20. Improving Instruction through Effective Teacher Evaluation: Options for States and Districts. TQ Research & Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathers, Carrie; Oliva, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this Research and Policy Brief is to provide state and local policymakers with a comprehensive understanding of the measures used in teacher evaluation--their strengths, limitations, and current use in policy and practice. This brief will underscore aspects of evaluation policies currently aligned with best practices as well as…

  1. Evaluating the Accessibility of Web-Based Instruction for Students with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinn, D. Michelle

    This paper presents the methods and results of a year-long evaluation study, conducted for the purpose of determining disability accessibility barriers and potential solutions for those barriers found in four World Wide Web-based learning environments. The primary questions used to frame the evaluation study were: (1) Are there any features of the…

  2. The Evaluation of Educational Goals, Instructional Procedures and Outcomes or The Iceman Cometh.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scriven, Michael

    A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…

  3. Teachers' Perceptions of the New Massachusetts Teacher Evaluation Instrument and Process on Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, David L.

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study explored whether teachers who have experienced the new Massachusetts evaluation system as a member of three pilot or early adopter districts perceive it as a valuable process. The Race to the Top federal grant process required states to redesign evaluation systems that fostered effective teaching and included student…

  4. Student Models of Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magliaro, Susan G.; Shambaugh, Neal

    2006-01-01

    Mental models are one way that humans represent knowledge (Markman, 1999). Instructional design (ID) is a conceptual model for developing instruction and typically includes analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (i.e., ADDIE model). ID, however, has been viewed differently by practicing teachers and instructional designers…

  5. Expert Systems: Instructional Design Potential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollock, Joellyn; Grabinger, R. Scott

    1989-01-01

    Description of the components of expert systems highlights their potential uses in the field of instructional design. Uses of expert systems are described for determining the cost-effectiveness of instructional media; as instructional management aids; as job aids; in helping to diagnose student problems; and as student feedback/evaluation systems.…

  6. Integrated Middle School Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Robert J.

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the use of the TARRGET model (Tasks, Autonomy, Recognition, Resources, Grouping, Evaluation, and Time) in restructuring middle school literacy instruction in urban schools. By changing the scheduling of reading and writing instruction, using literature as a basis for reading instruction, and emphasizing comprehension…

  7. Diversifying Instruction and Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    1994-01-01

    The triarchic theory posits that intelligence has analytical, creative, and practical aspects. Instructional and assessment methods should encourage and evaluate all three kinds of abilities, a balanced approach that can reach all students. (SK)

  8. Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI): A Case Study of Cross River State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaka, Idaka I.; Joshua, Monday T.

    2009-01-01

    This study was designed to assess the attitude of academic staff in Nigerian tertiary educational institutions to student evaluation of instruction (SEI) and to find out the variable factors that influenced the expressed attitude of members of the academic staff, using Cross River State University as a case study. The study was a survey and so a…

  9. Evaluation of an Intervention Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Basic Particle Concepts among Students Enrolled in Several Levels of Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia

    2011-01-01

    The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…

  10. Using a Bridging Representation and Social Interactions to Foster Conceptual Change: Designing and Evaluating an Instructional Sequence for Newton's Third Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savinainen, Antti; Scott, Philip; Viiri, Jouni

    2005-01-01

    This paper offers an account of, and findings from, an approach to designing and evaluating an instructional sequence set in the context of Newton's third law. The design of the sequence draws upon conceptual change theory and the concept of the "bridging analog" is extended to introduce the notion of a "bridging representation" Attention is also…

  11. A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) versus Class Room Lecture (RL) for Computer Science at ICS Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kausar, Tayyaba; Choudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of…

  12. A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) versus Class Room Lecture (CRL) for Computer Science at ICS Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kausar, Tayyaba; Choudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of…

  13. The Development and Evaluation of a Teleprocessed Computer-Assisted Instruction Course in the Recognition of Malarial Parasites. Final Report; May 1, 1967 - June 30, 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitzel, Harold E.

    A computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites was developed and evaluated. The course includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use COURSEWRITER as an author language and are presented via a display terminal that permits two-way communication with an IBM computer…

  14. Evaluation Approaches to Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction. Testing Study Group: The Impact of Advances in Artificial Intelligence on Test Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Eva L.

    Some special problems associated with evaluating intelligent computer-assisted instruction (ICAI) programs are addressed. This paper intends to describe alternative approaches to the assessment and improvement of such applications and to provide examples of efforts undertaken and shortfalls. Issues discussed stem chiefly from the technical demands…

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. I, Exh. B-1 Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of Part 1944—Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help...

  16. 7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. I, Exh. B-1 Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of Part 1944—Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help...

  17. Bread and Butterflies: Evaluation of the IEBN-DPI [Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network--Department of Public Instruction] 1974-75 Inservice Training Workshops.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolvek, Joseph

    The document presents a discussion and evaluation of the training workshop program developed by the Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network and the Iowa State Department of Public Instruction to help teachers incorporate the Bread and Butterflies television series on career development into fourth, fifth, and sixth grade curricula. The Bread and…

  18. An Evaluation of a High-Probability Instructional Sequence to Increase Acceptance of Food and Decrease Inappropriate Behavior in Children with Pediatric Feeding Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patel, Meeta R.; Reed, Gregory K.; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Bachmeyer, Melainie H.; Layer, Stacy A.; Pabico, Ryan S.

    2006-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of escape extinction with and without a high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence on food acceptance and inappropriate behavior for children diagnosed with feeding problems. The high-p sequence consisted of three presentations of a response that was similar topographically (i.e., presentations of an empty nuk[R],…

  19. Exploring Instructional Coaches' Attitudes and Use of the DataCapture Mobile Application to Collect Video-Based Evidence in Teacher Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shewell, Justin Reed

    2013-01-01

    An integral part of teacher development are teacher observations. Many teachers are observed once or twice a year to evaluate their performance and hold them accountable for meeting standards. Instructional coaches, however, observe and work with teachers to help them reflect on their performance, with the goal of improving their practice.…

  20. Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Stimulus Pairing Observation Procedure and Multiple Exemplar Instruction on Tact and Listener Responses in Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Brittany L.; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Aguirre, Angelica A.

    2014-01-01

    The stimulus pairing observation procedure (SPOP) combined with multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) has been shown to be effective with typically developing preschoolers in establishing the joint stimulus control required for the development of naming. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the…

  1. Achieving Ecological Validity of Occupation-Based Interventions for Healthy Aging

    PubMed Central

    Orellano-Colón, Elsa M.; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Bernal, Guillermo; Mountain, Gail A.

    2015-01-01

    Aim To develop a culturally sensitive occupation-based health promotion intervention for older Hispanic adults who live alone. Methods We used a mixed method design for the content validation of the intervention and the Ecological Validity Model (EVM) to culturally center the intervention. In the quantitative phase, aging experts as well as community members from two activity centers for the elderly in Puerto Rico completed a content validity ratio exercise. In the qualitative phase, we conducted three focus groups with these participants. Data analysis included content validity ratio and a directed content analysis. Results This resulted in a working version of the intervention protocol addressing the eight dimensions of the EVM. Conclusions The EVM can be used to culturally center preventive interventions to other ethnic minority groups to augment the external validity and cultural competence of interventions. Future research must test the feasibility of this new intervention. PMID:25632170

  2. Instructional Interventions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michie, Joan S.

    2003-01-01

    Since passage of Maryland State Senate Bill 795 and adoption of the Master Plan, considerable effort has gone into enhancing instruction and instructional support services in the Baltimore City Public School System. Describes various instructional elements, examining: the citywide curriculum framework; training on new curriculum materials;…

  3. Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

    2013-01-01

    We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

  4. A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

    2012-01-01

    Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional…

  5. An Evaluation of Supplemental Reading Instruction for At-Risk Middle School Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkeley, Sheri; Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Regan, Kelley; Nealy, Allison; Southall, Candice; Stagliano, Christina

    2012-01-01

    One middle school's implementation of corrective reading was evaluated for student reading outcomes and treatment fidelity. Findings indicated that sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students made progress in decoding and oral reading fluency over the school year; however, students did not demonstrate greater gains during the semester enrolled in…

  6. Evaluation of Mobile Learning: Current Research and Implications for Instructional Designers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levene, Jessica; Seabury, Holli

    2014-01-01

    As mobile devices infiltrate our personal lives, they also are becoming increasingly embedded in formal educational environments. The emergence of laptops, tablets, and smartphones has diversified access to hardware and software for anytime/anywhere access. This influences learning theories and evaluation methodologies specifically aligned to…

  7. Evaluating Three Programs Using a School Effectiveness Model: Direct Instruction, Target Teach, and Class Size Reduction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Value-added models, which rate schools for effectiveness while taking into account the poverty and other socioeconomic status of the students, are generating increased interest. This paper describes the use of one such model to evaluate whether school ratings changed when three new programs were introduced: the "Target Teach" curriculum alignment,…

  8. Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

    2010-01-01

    We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed…

  9. An Inservice Program for Elementary Teachers: Components, Instructional Procedures, and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horak, Willis J.; And Others

    A description and evaluation of a year-long science in-service program for elementary teachers is provided. Consisting of three components, the program was designed to expand teachers' understandings of physics and chemistry concepts and processes and to encourage more science teaching and science activities in their classrooms. The on-campus…

  10. Curricula and Instruction for Young Handicapped Children: A Guideline for Selection and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DuBose, Rebecca; Kelley, Jean

    The paper examines the theoretical constructs that underlie currently used curricula for young handicapped children and suggests guidelines for selecting and evaluating curricula. Three developmental perspectives are reviewed: the age related developmental milestones identified by A. Gesell and adhered to by diagnostic prescriptive advocates, the…

  11. The Relationship between Student Evaluation of Instruction Scores and Faculty Formal Educational Coursework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schellhase, Kristen C.

    2010-01-01

    Context: Emphasis is placed on athletic training educators' content area expertise and not on their formal training in educational concepts. Objective: The purposes of this study were to identify the amount of educational coursework completed by ATEP faculty and investigate the relationship between ATEP instructors' student evaluation of…

  12. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Roadside Instruction in Teaching Youth with Visual Impairments Street Crossings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Tessa S.; Wolery, Mark

    2014-01-01

    A single-participant multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiveness of verbal rehearsal and graduated guidance to teach youth who were blind how to cross the street. This study replicated intervention procedures across settings along with the staggered entry of participants. Individuals learned to cross one or two…

  13. Using a bridging representation and social interactions to foster conceptual change: Designing and evaluating an instructional sequence for Newton's third law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savinainen, Antti; Scott, Philip; Viiri, Jouni

    2005-03-01

    This paper offers an account of, and findings from, an approach to designing and evaluating an instructional sequence set in the context of Newton's third law. The design of the sequence draws upon conceptual change theory and the concept of the bridging analog is extended to introduce the notion of a bridging representation Attention is also given in the instructional design to the proposed social interactions between teacher and students as the teaching and learning activities are played out or stage in the classroom. A range of instruments is used to measure the extent of student learning, and evidence is presented to indicate that the designed sequence leads to enhanced learning gains when compared to those achieved with an equivalent group of students. Although set in the context of teaching and learning about mechanics a number of general points are made in relation to both instructional design and perspectives on conceptual change.

  14. What Is the Purpose of the Theses Addressing the Issue of Program Evaluation in Turkey? (The Case of Curriculum and Instruction: 1997-2015)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkin-Sahin, Senar; Tunca, Nihal

    2016-01-01

    In the current study, the aim is to investigate the theses addressing the issue of program evaluation in the field of Curriculum and Instruction (C&I) in 1997-2015. The study employed the survey model. The universe of the study consists of totally 87 theses addressing the issue of program evaluation in the field of C&I in 1997-2015. As the…

  15. An Evaluation of Blended Instruction in Terms of Knowledge Acquisition and Attitude in an Introductory Mathematics Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czaplewski, John Robert

    2014-01-01

    A medium-sized accredited public university located in southeastern Minnesota has been offering an introductory undergraduate mathematics course with a consistent curriculum in two instructional formats: face-to-face and blended. Previously the course was offered only through a face-to-face instructional format while currently, it is only offered…

  16. The Evaluation of a Multi-Media Self-Paced Individualized Instructional System in Beginning College French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Jane

    This is a study comparing the amount of change in the level of competence in language skills between beginning students of French in two types of instructional programs. Significant differences were found between students enrolled in regularly scheduled classes and those using a multimedia, self-paced, individualized instructional system. Students…

  17. The Effects of Various Formative Evaluation Procedures on Instructional Material Revision in a Large Scale Individualized Science Curriculum Development Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciesla, Jerome L.

    The purpose of this study was to determine which types of feedback had the most influence on the revisions of instructional materials performed by writers in an individualized science curriculum development project. Each of the Individualized Science Instructional System (ISIS) project staff members, whose job was to revise minicourse drafts…

  18. Development and Evaluation for Active Learning Instructional Design of Epidemiology in Nursing Informatics Field.

    PubMed

    Majima, Yukie

    2016-01-01

    Nursing education classes are classifiable into three types: lectures, classroom practice, and clinical practice. In this study, we implemented a class that incorporated elements of active learning, including clickers, minutes papers, quizzes, and group work and presentation, in the subject of "epidemiology", which is often positioned in the field of nursing informatics and which is usually taught in conventional knowledge-transmission style lectures, to help students understand knowledge and achieve seven class goals. Results revealed that the average scores of the class achievement (five levels of evaluation) were 3.6-3.9, which was good overall. The highest average score of the evaluation of teaching materials by students (five levels of evaluation) was 4.6 for quizzes, followed by 4.2 for announcement of test statistics, 4.1 for clickers, and 4.0 for news presentation related to epidemiology. We regard these as useful tools for students to increase their motivation. One problem with the class was that it took time to organize the class: creation of tests, class preparation and marking, such as things to be returned and distribution of clickers, and writing comments on small papers. PMID:27332214

  19. Multivariable Implications of an Instructional Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraley, Lawrence; Vargas, Ernest

    1976-01-01

    Time, money, and learning effectiveness should all be considered in evaluating an instructional system. As an illustration, the authors describe the evaluation of an individualized instructional system using tutors. (Authors/BD)

  20. Evaluation of two instruction methods to increase employment options for young adults with autism spectrum disorders.

    PubMed

    Burke, Raymond V; Andersen, Melissa N; Bowen, Scott L; Howard, Monica R; Allen, Keith D

    2010-01-01

    We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist in the delivery of a fire safety education program. Participants were asked to wear an inflatable firefighter WalkAround® mascot costume and to perform 63 scripted behaviors in coordination with a fire prevention specialist who was the lead program presenter. In Study 1, three participants were initially exposed to established company training procedures comprised of behavioral skills training components to determine whether they met mastery of the skills. If necessary to reach criteria, participants were then exposed to a performance cue system. In Study 2, three additional participants were provided with the performance cue system alone, and then behavioral skills training if required. A single case, multiple-baseline design across subjects was used to evaluate efficacy of each intervention. Results indicate that 5 of 6 participants reached criterion only after introduction of the cue system while the sixth reached criterion with behavioral skills training alone. The program received high satisfaction ratings from participants, their parents, and consumers. Implications and potential use of the PCS in other employment settings are discussed.

  1. Tools for Automating Instructional Design. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasowitz, Abby

    The instructional design process encompasses a set of interdependent phases including analysis of learners, contexts and goals; design of objectives, strategies and assessment tools; production of instructional materials; and evaluation of learner performance and overall instructional design effort. Automated instructional design (AID) tools…

  2. Evaluation of Team-Based Learning and Traditional Instruction in Teaching Removable Partial Denture Concepts.

    PubMed

    Echeto, Luisa F; Sposetti, Venita; Childs, Gail; Aguilar, Maria L; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Rueda, Luis; Nimmo, Arthur

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of team-based learning (TBL) methodology on dental students' retention of knowledge regarding removable partial denture (RPD) treatment. The process of learning RPD treatment requires that students first acquire foundational knowledge and then use critical thinking skills to apply that knowledge to a variety of clinical situations. The traditional approach to teaching, characterized by a reliance on lectures, is not the most effective method for learning clinical applications. To address the limitations of that approach, the teaching methodology of the RPD preclinical course at the University of Florida was changed to TBL, which has been shown to motivate student learning and improve clinical performance. A written examination was constructed to compare the impact of TBL with that of traditional teaching regarding students' retention of knowledge and their ability to evaluate, diagnose, and treatment plan a partially edentulous patient with an RPD prosthesis. Students taught using traditional and TBL methods took the same examination. The response rate (those who completed the examination) for the class of 2013 (traditional method) was 94% (79 students of 84); for the class of 2014 (TBL method), it was 95% (78 students of 82). The results showed that students who learned RPD with TBL scored higher on the examination than those who learned RPD with traditional methods. Compared to the students taught with the traditional method, the TBL students' proportion of passing grades was statistically significantly higher (p=0.002), and 23.7% more TBL students passed the examination. The mean score for the TBL class (0.758) compared to the conventional class (0.700) was statistically significant with a large effect size, also demonstrating the practical significance of the findings. The results of the study suggest that TBL methodology is a promising approach to teaching RPD with successful outcomes.

  3. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction techniques for the crew interface coordination position

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moynihan, Gary P.

    1993-01-01

    The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.

  4. Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors

    SciTech Connect

    Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

    2010-07-01

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

  5. Thematic Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Eileen, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    The 12 articles presented in this issue of a journal on giftedness in school-age children focus on interdisciplinary thematic instruction for gifted students. "Untangling the Web of Interdisciplinary Instruction" (Susan L. Beibelman and Sandy Hall-Chiles) explains the use of a curriculum webbing model to provide structure. "Interdisciplinary…

  6. Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

  7. Differential reinforcement with and without instructional fading.

    PubMed

    Ringdahl, Joel E; Kitsukawa, Kana; Andelman, Marc S; Call, Nathan; Winborn, Lisa; Barretto, Anjali; Reed, Gregory K

    2002-01-01

    We evaluated a differential-reinforcement-based treatment package for the reduction of problem behavior during instructional situations. Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA; compliance) was implemented across two conditions. During one condition, instructions were presented approximately once every other minute. This condition was considered the terminal goal for treatment. During the second condition, the rate of instructions was gradually increased (beginning at zero and ending when instruction rate was similar to the first condition). Results indicated that DRA with instructional fading resulted in less problem behavior than DRA without instructional fading. These results are similar to previous studies regarding the utility of instructional fading.

  8. Systematic Evaluation of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darr, Ralph F., Jr.; Robison, David J.

    Two sections of an introductory educational psychology course given at the University of Akron were restructured using some nontraditional elements. Student evalutions of the course's content and structure and student achievement measures were used to analyze the effectiveness of the changes. The statistical analyses are detailed. The results are…

  9. Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Stimulus Pairing Observation Procedure and Multiple Exemplar Instruction on Tact and Listener Responses in Children with Autism.

    PubMed

    Byrne, Brittany L; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne; Aguirre, Angelica A

    2014-10-01

    The stimulus pairing observation procedure (SPOP) combined with multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) has been shown to be effective with typically developing preschoolers in establishing the joint stimulus control required for the development of naming. The purpose of the current investigation was to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the SPOP in establishing speaker and listener responses in children with autism. Participants were presented with pairings of auditory and visual stimuli during instruction. Participants' tacting and listener responses of the visual stimuli were then evaluated during a test phase. MEI with novel pairs of auditory and visual stimuli was conducted if participants did not demonstrate criterion performance on tact and listener probes. SPOP in conjunction with MEI was shown to be effective in establishing some of the tact and listener relations for the three participants. However, accuracy on tact probes was always lower than listener probes. The participant who responded with the highest accuracy on untaught tact and listener probes also displayed echoic responding on the lowest proportion of SPOP instruction and listener test trials.

  10. Bibliographic Instruction in the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poirier, Gayle

    2000-01-01

    Discusses bibliographic instruction in libraries. Topics include a history of bibliographic instruction; the Internet and electronic searching; librarians' use of technology; defining information needs; locating and accessing information, including classification systems and Boolean searching; evaluating information; using and communication…

  11. Questionnaire design: carry-over effects of overall acceptance question placement and pre-evaluation instructions on overall acceptance scores in central location tests.

    PubMed

    Bastian, Mauresa; Eggett, Dennis L; Jefferies, Laura K

    2015-02-01

    Question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. Data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location, spanning 11 years and covering a broad range of food product categories, were compiled. Overall acceptance (OA) question placement was studied with categories designated as first (the first evaluation question following demographic questions), after nongustation questions (immediately following questions that do not require panelists to taste the product), and later (following all other hedonic and just-about-right [JAR] questions, but occasionally before ranking, open-ended comments, and/or intent to purchase questions). Each panel was categorized as having or not having PEI in the questionnaire; PEI are instructions that appear immediately before the first evaluation question and show panelists all attributes they will evaluate before receiving test samples. Postpanel surveys were administered regarding the self-reported effect of PEI on panelists' evaluation experience. OA scores were analyzed and compared (1) between OA question placement categories and (2) between panels with and without PEI. For most product categories, OA scores tended to be lower when asked later in the questionnaire, suggesting evidence of a carry-over effect. Usage of PEI increased OA scores by 0.10 of a 9-point hedonic scale point, which is not practically significant. Postpanel survey data showed that presence of PEI typically improved the panelists' experience. Using PEI does not appear to introduce a meaningful carry-over effect.

  12. IMPROVING INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL NURSING, ACTION-RESEARCH USING THE SMALL-GROUP METHOD. SECOND REPORT--EVALUATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BARLOW, MELVIN L.; BROWN, NORBERTA WILSON

    THIRTY-FIVE FACULTY MEMBERS REPRESENTING TWO-THIRDS OF THE VOCATIONAL NURSING PROGRAMS IN CALIFORNIA ATTENDED TWO SERIES OF WORKSHOPS, EACH LIMITED TO EIGHT PARTICIPANTS, TO INVESTIGATE SOME OF THE PROBLEMS OF IMPROVING NURSING INSTRUCTION. GENERALLY, THE WORKSHOP DAY WAS DIVIDED INTO THREE PERIODS--CLINICAL EXPERIENCE, A WARD CONFERENCE, AND…

  13. A New Peer Instruction Method for Teaching Practical Skills in the Health Sciences: An Evaluation of the "Learning Trail"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollman, James

    2005-01-01

    The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…

  14. The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

    2009-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

  15. A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Richard J.

    The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

  16. Building on Past Successes: Designing, Evaluating, and Providing Effective Treatments for Persons for Whom Typical Instruction Is Not Effective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…

  17. An Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Manual for Teaching Individuals How to Administer the Revised ABLA Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boris, Ashley L.; Awadalla, Nardeen; Martin, Toby L.; Martin, Garry L.; Kaminski, Lauren; Miljkovic, Morena

    2015-01-01

    The Assessment of Basic Learning Abilities (ABLA) is a tool that is used to assess the learning ability of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and children with autism. The ABLA was recently revised and is now referred to as the ABLA-Revised (ABLA-R). A self-instructional manual was prepared to teach individuals how to administer the…

  18. Computer-Assisted Instruction at Stanford, 1966-68: Data, Models, and Evaluation of the Arithmetic Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suppes, Patrick; Morningstar, Mona

    The 1966-68 Stanford mathematics programs in computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is reported in this book. The first part describes in detail the 1966-68 arithmetic drill and practice program which followed the similar program run in 1965-66. Part II describes the tutorial program in first and second grade mathematics at Brentwood School in East…

  19. An Evaluation of the 1968-1969 New York City Computer Assisted Instruction Project in Elementary Arithmetic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Max; And Others

    In 1968 the New York City Board of Education initiated a large scale test of a computer assisted instruction (CAI) program for drill and practice in elementary arithmetic. The program was a modified version of one developed by Dr. Patrick Suppes of Stanford University. An RCA Spectra 70/45 computer and 192 terminals located in elementary schools…

  20. Development and Validation of a Model for Formative Evaluation of Self-Instructional Multi-Media Learning Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abedor, Allan J.

    The purpose of this research was to develop and field test a new flowchart model prescribing specific operations for tryout and revision of prototype multi-media self-instructional treatments. The methods and results of the following four phases of the study are described: (1) design of a MK I flowchart model based on a review of the literature;…

  1. Tinkering with the Traditional to Assess and Promote Quality Instruction: Learning from a New and Unimproved Instructor Evaluation Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Haladyna, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    For over 30 years survey instruments have been used in colleges of higher education to measure instructional effectiveness. Extensive research has been conducted to determine which items best capture this construct. This research study was triggered by a college of education's enthusiastic but failed attempt to create a new and improved instructor…

  2. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Package for Teaching Tutors to Conduct Discrete-Trials Teaching with Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Fazzio, Daniela; Salem, Sandra; Young, Kristen; Yu, C. T.

    2012-01-01

    A widely used method for teaching children with autism is applied behavior analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, we assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching four pairs of…

  3. Evaluation of Intercultural Instructional Multimedia Material on Implicit Xenophobic Cognition: Short Time Effects on Implicit Information Processing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumbach, Joerg; Schrangl, Gerhard; Mortensen, Chad; Moser, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    Considering xenophobic attacks against foreigners and ethnic or religious motivated wars, there is a need for educational concepts to extinguish xenophobia. A model describing the cognitive processes involved in Xenophobic cognition was developed. Instructional multimedia material that discussed various forms of alienation was developed and…

  4. Nursing Professionals' Evaluation in Integrating the Computers in English for Nursing Purposes (ENP) Instruction and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Wei-Chieh Wayne

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the pre- and in-service nursing professionals' perceptions of using computers to facilitate foreign language learning as consideration for future English for nursing purposes instruction. One hundred and ninety seven Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Findings revealed that (1) the…

  5. Teacher's Perceptions of Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dana, Ann S.

    The theory and practice of the instructional design system includes the categories of design, development, utilization, evaluation, and management; instructional designers and teachers need to determine an appropriate balance of structural knowledge and detailed knowledge acquisition. The purpose of this study was to determine what teachers'…

  6. Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lied, James

    This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional development agency in focusing on this aspect of planning, a check list of possible marketing…

  7. Instructional Facility Utilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalamazoo Valley Community Coll., MI.

    Data describing campus facility use for instructional and related purposes for one week of activity in Fall 1978 were collected and evaluated at Kalamazoo Valley Community College. Four measures of space utilization were used: (1) percent of available time used; (2) percent of available space used; (3) percent of scheduled space utilized; and (4)…

  8. Indicators of Effective Inservice: Instructional Packages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basile, Joseph C., II; And Others

    Stressing that instructional behaviors, programs, and materials developed for inservice education must be systematic, stimulating, psychologically sound, and organized, this document provides a guide to the development of inservice instructional packages. It includes extensive criteria for evaluating inservice instructional packages under the…

  9. Personalized System of Instruction in Cyberspace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Crone-Todd, Darlene E.

    1999-01-01

    This study evaluated use of the Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction (CAPSI) based on Keller's Personalized System of Instruction with four different undergraduate psychology classes who received no classroom instruction. Students' performance and ratings indicate that CAPSI is a viable online educational method. (DB)

  10. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN, RECORDED INSTRUCTION AND FACULTY INTERESTS. SUPPLEMENT, INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN, RECORDED INSTRUCTION AND FACULTY INTERESTS WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. OCCASIONAL PAPER NO. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KARWIN, THOMAS J.

    THE SYSTEMS APPROACH TO PLANNING IS USEFUL IN DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS. IT SPECIFIES INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES, COORDINATES APPROPRIATE METHODS, AND EVALUATES THE RESULTING INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM. CONFLICTS CAN ARISE FROM INDIVIDUAL INTERPERTATIONS OF INTEREST IN SPECIFIC PROGRAMS. A COMPREHENSIVE, EQUITABLE…

  11. Instructional Television Utilization in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DuMolin, James R.

    Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated, and basic guidelines are developed for future utilization of television as an instructional medium. The role of technology in education is discussed, and the capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system are outlined. A brief…

  12. Management Checklists for Instructional Designers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Jerry L.

    1978-01-01

    Check lists are provided for the person(s) responsible for the following in an instructional design project: overall project management, operations, market research/development (funding), prototype development, product conceptualization, print development, (nonprint) media development, apparatus development, evaluation, and…

  13. Questionnaire design: carry-over effects of overall acceptance question placement and pre-evaluation instructions on overall acceptance scores in central location tests.

    PubMed

    Bastian, Mauresa; Eggett, Dennis L; Jefferies, Laura K

    2015-02-01

    Question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. Data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location, spanning 11 years and covering a broad range of food product categories, were compiled. Overall acceptance (OA) question placement was studied with categories designated as first (the first evaluation question following demographic questions), after nongustation questions (immediately following questions that do not require panelists to taste the product), and later (following all other hedonic and just-about-right [JAR] questions, but occasionally before ranking, open-ended comments, and/or intent to purchase questions). Each panel was categorized as having or not having PEI in the questionnaire; PEI are instructions that appear immediately before the first evaluation question and show panelists all attributes they will evaluate before receiving test samples. Postpanel surveys were administered regarding the self-reported effect of PEI on panelists' evaluation experience. OA scores were analyzed and compared (1) between OA question placement categories and (2) between panels with and without PEI. For most product categories, OA scores tended to be lower when asked later in the questionnaire, suggesting evidence of a carry-over effect. Usage of PEI increased OA scores by 0.10 of a 9-point hedonic scale point, which is not practically significant. Postpanel survey data showed that presence of PEI typically improved the panelists' experience. Using PEI does not appear to introduce a meaningful carry-over effect. PMID:25604650

  14. Instructional Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyquist, Jody

    Instructional discussion is a classroom teaching method by which students move through material to a predetermined, new understanding by building on each other's contributions and by utilizing the more experienced learner's (the teacher's) past experiences with the material. This article describes both the characteristics and the planning of…

  15. Understanding Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, Val

    This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

  16. Spatially explicit power analyses for occupancy-based monitoring of wolverine in the U.S. Rocky Mountains.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Martha M; Ivan, Jacob S; Schwartz, Michael K

    2014-02-01

    Conservation scientists and resource managers often have to design monitoring programs for species that are rare or patchily distributed across large landscapes. Such programs are frequently expensive and seldom can be conducted by one entity. It is essential that a prospective power analysis be undertaken to ensure stated monitoring goals are feasible. We developed a spatially based simulation program that accounts for natural history, habitat use, and sampling scheme to investigate the power of monitoring protocols to detect trends in population abundance over time with occupancy-based methods. We analyzed monitoring schemes with different sampling efforts for wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations in 2 areas of the U.S. Rocky Mountains. The relation between occupancy and abundance was nonlinear and depended on landscape, population size, and movement parameters. With current estimates for population size and detection probability in the northern U.S. Rockies, most sampling schemes were only able to detect large declines in abundance in the simulations (i.e., 50% decline over 10 years). For small populations reestablishing in the Southern Rockies, occupancy-based methods had enough power to detect population trends only when populations were increasing dramatically (e.g., doubling or tripling in 10 years), regardless of sampling effort. In general, increasing the number of cells sampled or the per-visit detection probability had a much greater effect on power than the number of visits conducted during a survey. Although our results are specific to wolverines, this approach could easily be adapted to other territorial species. PMID:24001256

  17. Effect of occupation-based groups on self-concept of children aged 5-8: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Scurlock, Debra

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this pilot study was to ascertain the effectiveness of an occupation-based after-school program for improving self-concept in children, ages five through eight. Fifty-four randomly selected children ages five through eight from two schools (one being the control group) with similar socioeconomic status along the Ohio River were involved in this research study. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) was administered to all participants (N = 54), four subtests were analyzed: cognitive competence, social competence with peers, physical competence in sports, and maternal acceptance. The experimental group (n = 25) attended occupation-based groups two times a week after school. The control group (n = 29) did not participate in an after-school program. Data from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using a t-test. Findings demonstrated that the experimental group improved their self-concept scores when compared to the control group in the areas of peer acceptance and cognitive competence. This would offer tentative evidence that an after-school program directed by occupational therapists that is designed to improve self-concept may be successful. PMID:25338266

  18. Spatially explicit power analyses for occupancy-based monitoring of wolverine in the U.S. Rocky Mountains.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Martha M; Ivan, Jacob S; Schwartz, Michael K

    2014-02-01

    Conservation scientists and resource managers often have to design monitoring programs for species that are rare or patchily distributed across large landscapes. Such programs are frequently expensive and seldom can be conducted by one entity. It is essential that a prospective power analysis be undertaken to ensure stated monitoring goals are feasible. We developed a spatially based simulation program that accounts for natural history, habitat use, and sampling scheme to investigate the power of monitoring protocols to detect trends in population abundance over time with occupancy-based methods. We analyzed monitoring schemes with different sampling efforts for wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations in 2 areas of the U.S. Rocky Mountains. The relation between occupancy and abundance was nonlinear and depended on landscape, population size, and movement parameters. With current estimates for population size and detection probability in the northern U.S. Rockies, most sampling schemes were only able to detect large declines in abundance in the simulations (i.e., 50% decline over 10 years). For small populations reestablishing in the Southern Rockies, occupancy-based methods had enough power to detect population trends only when populations were increasing dramatically (e.g., doubling or tripling in 10 years), regardless of sampling effort. In general, increasing the number of cells sampled or the per-visit detection probability had a much greater effect on power than the number of visits conducted during a survey. Although our results are specific to wolverines, this approach could easily be adapted to other territorial species.

  19. Evaluation of a self-instructional manual for conducting discrete-trials teaching with children with autism.

    PubMed

    Thiessen, Carly; Fazzio, Daniela; Arnal, Lindsay; Martin, Garry L; Yu, C T; Keilback, Lukas

    2009-05-01

    Discrete-trials teaching (DTT) is commonly used to implement applied behavior analysis treatment for children with autism. The authors investigated a revised self-instructional manual for teaching university students to implement a 21-component DTT procedure to teach three tasks to confederates role-playing children with autism. Also, as a motivational contingency, for each DTT session in which a student scored at or above 90% accuracy, they received US$10. After an average of 4.5 hr to master the training manual, students' average DTT performance improved from 52% in baseline to 88% while teaching a confederate. Students averaged 77% DTT performance during subsequent generalization sessions with a child with autism.

  20. Evaluating Experience-Based Geologic Field Instruction: Lessons Learned from A Large-Scale Eye-Tracking Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarduno, J. A.; Walders, K.; Bono, R. K.; Pelz, J.; Jacobs, R.

    2015-12-01

    A course centered on experience-based learning in field geology has been offered ten times at the University of Rochester. The centerpiece of the course is a 10-day field excursion to California featuring a broad cross-section of the geology of the state, from the San Andreas Fault to Death Valley. Here we describe results from a large-scale eye-tracking experiment aimed at understanding how experts and novices acquire visual geologic information. One ultimate goal of the project is to determine whether expert gaze patterns can be quantified to improve the instruction of beginning geology students. Another goal is to determine if aspects of the field experience can be transferred to the classroom/laboratory. Accordingly, ultra-high resolution segmented panoramic images have been collected at key sites visited during the field excursion. We have found that strict controls are needed in the field to obtain meaningful data; this often involves behavior atypical of geologists (e.g. limiting the field of view prior to data collection and placing time limits on scene viewing). Nevertheless some general conclusions can be made from a select data set. After an initial quick search, experts tend to exhibit scanning behavior that appears to support hypothesis testing. Novice fixations appear to define a scattered search pattern and/or one distracted by geologic noise in a scene. Noise sources include modern erosion features and vegetation. One way to quantify noise is through the use of saliency maps. With the caveat that our expert data set is small, our preliminary analysis suggests that experts tend to exhibit top-down behavior (indicating hypothesis driven responses) whereas novices show bottom-up gaze patterns, influenced by more salient features in a scene. We will present examples and discuss how these observations might be used to improve instruction.

  1. Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    2004-01-01

    NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

  2. Development of a Learning-Oriented Computer Assisted Instruction Designed to Improve Skills in the Clinical Assessment of the Nutritional Status: A Pilot Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    García de Diego, Laura; Cuervo, Marta; Martínez, J. Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Computer assisted instruction (CAI) is an effective tool for evaluating and training students and professionals. In this article we will present a learning-oriented CAI, which has been developed for students and health professionals to acquire and retain new knowledge through the practice. A two-phase pilot evaluation was conducted, involving 8 nutrition experts and 30 postgraduate students, respectively. In each training session, the software developed guides users in the integral evaluation of a patient’s nutritional status and helps them to implement actions. The program includes into the format clinical tools, which can be used to recognize possible patient’s needs, to improve the clinical reasoning and to develop professional skills. Among them are assessment questionnaires and evaluation criteria, cardiovascular risk charts, clinical guidelines and photographs of various diseases. This CAI is a complete software package easy to use and versatile, aimed at clinical specialists, medical staff, scientists, educators and clinical students, which can be used as a learning tool. This application constitutes an advanced method for students and health professionals to accomplish nutritional assessments combining theoretical and empirical issues, which can be implemented in their academic curriculum. PMID:25978456

  3. Development of a learning-oriented computer assisted instruction designed to improve skills in the clinical assessment of the nutritional status: a pilot evaluation.

    PubMed

    García de Diego, Laura; Cuervo, Marta; Martínez, J Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Computer assisted instruction (CAI) is an effective tool for evaluating and training students and professionals. In this article we will present a learning-oriented CAI, which has been developed for students and health professionals to acquire and retain new knowledge through the practice. A two-phase pilot evaluation was conducted, involving 8 nutrition experts and 30 postgraduate students, respectively. In each training session, the software developed guides users in the integral evaluation of a patient's nutritional status and helps them to implement actions. The program includes into the format clinical tools, which can be used to recognize possible patient's needs, to improve the clinical reasoning and to develop professional skills. Among them are assessment questionnaires and evaluation criteria, cardiovascular risk charts, clinical guidelines and photographs of various diseases. This CAI is a complete software package easy to use and versatile, aimed at clinical specialists, medical staff, scientists, educators and clinical students, which can be used as a learning tool. This application constitutes an advanced method for students and health professionals to accomplish nutritional assessments combining theoretical and empirical issues, which can be implemented in their academic curriculum.

  4. Authorship and publication practices: evaluation of the effect of responsible conduct of research instruction to postdoctoral trainees.

    PubMed

    Funk, Carolyn L; Barrett, Kirsten A; Macrina, Francis L

    2007-01-01

    We have studied postdoctoral trainees funded by NIH F32 fellowship awards in order to test the effectiveness of responsible conduct of research (RCR) education in the areas of authorship and publication practices. We used a 3-wave telephone and on-line survey design, conducted over a period of two years, in order to test for individual change before and after completing RCR education. Overall the responses of the subjects suggested a clear awareness of standards and practices in publication. However, our results failed to suggest that RCR education in this group significantly increased the level of ethically appropriate behavioral responses measured in the study. Similarly we saw no significant effect on increasing awareness of or attention to ethical guidelines about authorship and publication practices. Our interpretation of these null findings was influenced by the significant publication experience of our cohort of subjects. We forward possible explanations for these null findings in this context. Most importantly, we do not suggest that our results argue against continued instruction in RCR education. Instead, we believe our data reinforce the importance of careful articulation of course goals and objectives with attention to the background and experience of the student audience when developing RCR curricula.

  5. The development and evaluation of a music mnemonic-enhanced multimedia computer-aided science instructional module

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimmel, Karl Joseph

    "CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.

  6. Web-based Continuing Medical Education (I): Field Test of a Hybrid Computer-Mediated Instructional Delivery System. Web-based Continuing Medical Education (II): Evaluation Study of Computer-Mediated Continuing Medical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curran, Vernon R.; Hoekman, Theodore; Gulliver, Wayne; Landells, Ian; Hatcher, Lydia

    2000-01-01

    Reviews the Web as an instructional delivery medium and describes a hybrid model for continuing medical education (CME) delivery that merges the Web and CD-ROM. Discusses an evaluation that demonstrated the effectiveness of the model for delivering CME to rural physicians in regions with low bandwidth. (SK)

  7. A Model System for the Design and Maintenance of Related Instruction Curriculum for Approved U.S. Department of Labor Apprenticeship Programs; Phase III. Final Report and Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    A final report and final evaluation report of Phase III are provided for a project to establish a national clearinghouse for apprenticeship-related instructional materials. The final report provides a summary and a narrative account of these project activities: identification of materials; identification of apprenticeship curriculum needs;…

  8. The Impact of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum System on Planning for Learning, Delivery of Instruction and Evaluation of Student Learning as Perceived by Teachers in the Katy Independent School District in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogue, Sharon Lea

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine teachers' perceptions of the relationship of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum (KMAC) system developed by Katy ISD in Katy, Texas, on planning for learning, delivery of instruction and evaluation of student learning in the classroom. KMAC is a customized, proprietary networked technology…

  9. Evaluation of Instruction: Students' Patterns of Use and Contribution to RateMyProfessors.com

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villalta-Cerdas, Adrian; McKeny, Patrick; Gatlin, Todd; Sandi-Urena, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    RateMyProfessors.com (RMP) is the most popular commercial website to evaluate instructors, and houses a wealth of student-generated information in the form of ratings and reviews. This study investigated whether general chemistry students who use RMP were different from other students, and their reasons to use and contribute to the site. A pool of…

  10. Evaluation of a Mediated Program for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children in Instructional Development. Final Report 51.2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiagarajan, Sivasailam; Stolovitch, Harold D.

    The document describes a project to design, develop, and evaluate a set of audiovisual training modules to augment a sourcebook for special education teacher trainees and to assist trainers and curriculum developers in the design of teacher training materials. It is explained in Chapter I that the project involved the 4-D Model--Define, Design,…

  11. Preparing School Counselors-in-Training to Conduct Large Group Developmental Guidance: Evaluation of an Instructional Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.; Blalock, Sarah; Limberg, Dodie

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we introduce a model for preparing school counselors-in-training to conduct large group developmental guidance. Additionally, we present findings from a focus group and individual interviews evaluating participants' perceptions of the model. We identified 7 themes representing school counselors'-in-training perceptions of the…

  12. Networked Instructional Computers in the Elementary Classroom and Their Effect on the Learning Environment: A Qualitative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Carolyn M.

    1996-01-01

    Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…

  13. An Overview of Miner Training: Recommendations for Curriculum Development, Instructional Strategies, and Evaluation Techniques for Classroom Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard, Jeanne T.; Digman, R. Michael

    To evaluate and document the effectiveness of miner training, a study monitored a wide variety of classroom sessions conducted for new miner and annual refresher training. Seven trainers and 275 mine trainees at fourteen sites in Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia participated. Observations were made of classes in underground new…

  14. Promoting Instructional Improvement or Resistance? A Comparative Study of Teachers' Perceptions of Teacher Evaluation Policy in Korea and the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jihyun; Youngs, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This study draws on institutional theory to examine teachers' and principals' perceptions of new teacher evaluation policies, factors that influence such perceptions and how such perceptions shape the implementation of the policies in Seoul (Korea) and Michigan (USA). The study featured in-depth interviews of 11 elementary school teachers and 4…

  15. Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Occupational Therapy Using the Aid for Decision Making in Occupation Choice (ADOC) for Older Residents: Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Nagayama, Hirofumi; Tomori, Kounosuke; Ohno, Kanta; Takahashi, Kayoko; Ogahara, Kakuya; Sawada, Tatsunori; Uezu, Sei; Nagatani, Ryutaro; Yamauchi, Keita

    2016-01-01

    Background Care-home residents are mostly inactive, have little interaction with staff, and are dependent on staff to engage in daily occupations. We recently developed an iPad application called the Aid for Decision-making in Occupation Choice (ADOC) to promote shared decision-making in activities and occupation-based goal setting by choosing from illustrations describing daily activities. This study aimed to evaluate if interventions based on occupation-based goal setting using the ADOC could focus on meaningful activities to improve quality of life and independent activities of daily living, with greater cost-effectiveness than an impairment-based approach as well as to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a large cluster, randomized controlled trial. Method In this single (assessor)-blind pilot cluster randomized controlled trial, the intervention group (ADOC group) received occupational therapy based on occupation-based goal setting using the ADOC, and the interventions were focused on meaningful occupations. The control group underwent an impairment-based approach focused on restoring capacities, without goal setting tools. In both groups, the 20-minute individualized intervention sessions were conducted twice a week for 4 months. Main Outcome Measures Short Form-36 (SF-36) score, SF-6D utility score, quality adjusted life years (QALY), Barthel Index, and total care cost. Results We randomized and analyzed 12 facilities (44 participants, 18.5% drop-out rate), with 6 facilities each allocated to the ADOC (n = 23) and control (n = 21) groups. After the 4-month intervention, the ADOC group had a significantly greater change in the BI score, with improved scores (P = 0.027, 95% CI 0.41 to 6.87, intracluster correlation coefficient = 0.14). No other outcome was significantly different. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, calculated using the change in BI score, was $63.1. Conclusion The results suggest that occupational therapy using the ADOC for older

  16. Effects of an occupation-based obesity prevention program for children at risk.

    PubMed

    Lau, Cynthia; Stevens, Devan; Jia, Jasmine

    2013-04-01

    Since the prevalence of obesity-related medical conditions in children and adolescents has increased over the past several years obesity prevention has become a vital need for our society and a focus of our professional practice. The primary aim of this pilot study was to increase children's experiences with physical activity and healthy foods to promote self-efficacy related to a healthy lifestyle. Using a pre- and posttest design, the Healthy Choices for Me program was evaluated for its efficacy. Intervention consisted of a 12-week after-school program implemented by occupational therapy students. Elementary-aged children from two lower social economic schools in an urban area participated in the program. Results demonstrated positive changes in food behavior, food self-efficacy, and vegetable consumption for the participants.

  17. The Identification, Implementation, and Evaluation of Critical User Interface Design Features of Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs in Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk

    2010-01-01

    Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…

  18. Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

    2012-01-01

    An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

  19. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

    2010-01-01

    Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

  20. Evaluation of Teachers' Activities in the Use of Animated Instructional Resource Materials in Biology Teaching in Senior Secondary Schools in Bauchi State Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwasu, I. A.; Abubakar; Ema, E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a profile on how teachers in senior secondary schools in Bauchi state Nigeria utilise animated instructional resource (AIR) in the teaching of biology. A structured questionnaire used to generate data on the availability, accessibility and application of the AIR for classroom instruction by teachers. The instrument for data…

  1. An Evaluation of Instructional Coaching at Selected High Schools in North Louisiana and Its Effect on Student Achievement, Organizational Climate, and Teacher Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hearn, Richard M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare high schools in north Louisiana to determine if the presence or absence of instructional coaches influenced student achievement, organizational climate, and/or teacher efficacy in any significant manner. The 11 high schools in north Louisiana utilizing instructional coaches were matched to 11 high schools…

  2. An Evaluation of a Progressive High-Probability Instructional Sequence Combined with Low-Probability Demand Fading in the Treatment of Food Selectivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…

  3. Characterization of transgenic mice--a comparison of protocols for welfare evaluation and phenotype characterization of mice with a suggestion on a future certificate of instruction.

    PubMed

    Jegstrup, I; Thon, R; Hansen, A K; Hoitinga, M Ritskes

    2003-01-01

    A thorough welfare evaluation performed as part of a general phenotype characterization for both transgenic and traditional mouse strains could not only contribute to the improvement of the welfare of laboratory animals, but could also be of benefit to scientists, laboratory veterinarians and the inspecting authorities. A literature review has been performed to identify and critically evaluate already existing protocols for phenotype and welfare characterization. There are several relevant schemes available, among others the SHIRPA method, the modified score sheet of Morton and Griffiths, the FRIMORFO phenotype characterization scheme and the behavioural phenotype schemes as described by Crawley. These protocols have been evaluated according to four goals: Their ability (1) to reveal any special needs or problems with a transgenic strain, (2) to cover the informational needs of the purchaser/user of the strain, (3) to refine the welfare of the transgenic animal model by identifying relevant humane endpoints, (4) to prevent the duplication of animal models that have already been developed. The protocols described are useful for characterizing the phenotype and judging welfare disturbances, however the total amount of information and the degree of detail varies considerably from one scheme to another. We present a proposal regarding the practical application of the various schemes that will secure proper treatment and the identification of humane endpoints. It is advocated that with every purchase of a particular strain, an instruction document should accompany the strain. This document needs to give detailed descriptions of the typical characteristics of the strain, as well as necessary actions concerning relevant treatment and humane endpoints. At the moment no such documents are required. The introduction of these types of documents will contribute to improvements in animal welfare as well as experimental results in laboratory animal experimentation.

  4. Analyse des politiques d'evaluation de l'enseignement des universites canadiennes (Analysis of the Politics of Instructional Evaluation in Canadian Universities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard, Huguette; Trahan, Michel

    1988-01-01

    A survey of Canadian university policies concerning faculty evaluation found that institutions using evaluation for administrative purposes, with the student questionnaire the primary instrument. Peer review, written reports, and faculty interviews are also used. Differences between francophone and anglophone institutions and between eastern and…

  5. Designing the Instructional Interface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohr, L. L.

    2000-01-01

    Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

  6. Bibliographic Instruction in Indiana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, H. Scott, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This issue contains nine articles written by Indiana librarians involved in bibliographic instruction: (1) "Information Management Education--Beyond BI (Bibliographic Instruction)" (Gillian S. Gremmels); (2) "Dealing with the New Technology: An Instructional Primer" (Patrick Max); (3) "Librarian/Teacher Partnerships for Better Library Instruction:…

  7. Instruction, Capacity, and Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, David K.; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg

    This research report offers a theoretical frame for examining recent instructional improvement efforts. First, it develops a theoretical view of instruction and an analysis of the environments of instruction. It analyzes the relations between instruction and its environments and the circumstances under which intervenors must operate. The report…

  8. A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nelson, Diane Patricia

    2002-09-01

    This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions

  9. Computer-assisted instruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Atkinson, R. C.

    1974-01-01

    The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

  10. Just What Is Instructional Leadership Anyway?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avila, Linda

    1990-01-01

    Differing definitions of instructional leadership can lead to miscommunication, low evaluation ratings, and conflicts. Definitions may vary to suit the context. A good beginning is to read the literature. Then principals can discuss instructional leadership with superiors and peers and ask staff members for input. The next step is sharing…

  11. Elementary General Music Teachers' Reflections on Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaney, Diane W.

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative study was completed to identify and study the content of selected elementary general music teachers' evaluations of their own instruction and the instruction of another elementary general music teacher. Participants represented a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experience: Teacher A (9 years teaching Grades 4-6 at…

  12. Adult Student Needs and University Instructional Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backus, Julie M.

    1984-01-01

    The growing number of adult learners in college classrooms makes an evaluation of instructional strategies important. Teaching strategies and student perceptions towards faculty and the institution are relevant considerations for the educator of adult students. Recommendations for improving university instruction are given. (DF)

  13. Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instruction in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gere, Anne Ruggles; And Others

    Data were obtained from 311 teachers in order to sample a wide domain of attitudes toward writing instruction and writing anxiety. The subjects' responses were organized along four attitudinal dimensions: (1) the importance of standard English in writing instruction (SE), (2) the importance of defining and evaluating writing tasks (DE), (3) the…

  14. SCID: Model for Effective Instructional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Robert E.

    The Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID) model provides a tested procedure for developing high-quality, low-cost competency-based education and tech prep curriculum and instructional materials. It consists of 5 phases--analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation--and 23 components. The analysis phase…

  15. Modeling User Interactions with Instructional Design Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, J. Michael; And Others

    As one of a series of studies being conducted to develop a useful (predictive) model of the instructional design process that is appropriate to military technical training settings, this study performed initial evaluations on two pieces of instructional design software developed by M. David Merrill and colleagues at Utah State University i.e.,…

  16. Evaluation of a Multiple Instruction/Multiple Data (MIMD) parallel computer for CFD applications. Final report, April 1991-November 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Schraml, S.J.

    1994-10-01

    In an attempt to evaluate the merits of massively parallel processing computers for the numerical simulation of blast phenomena, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has adapted one of its blast modeling tools to several unique parallel architectures. This report describes the adaptation of the BRL-QID code, a quasi-one-dimensional, finite difference Euler solver, to the Intel iPSC/860 parallel supercomputer. The code was reconfigured for the iPSC/860 using FORTRAN 77 and the Intel iPSC/860 message-passing library. The performance of the code was measured on the iPSC/860 for a variety of problem sizes and processor configurations. The performance was found to be highly dependent on the size of the problem. This problem size dependency was most noticeable when fewer processors were employed. Results of scalability tests indicate that the code performance scales in a roughly linear fashion about extrapolated lines of ideal performance. Nuclear explosion simulation, Shock tubes, Computer programming.

  17. Data Based Instruction in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2010-01-01

    Data based instruction has received much attention in educational literature. It relates well to measurement driven teaching and learning. Data may come from several sources including mandated tests, district wide testing, formative and summative evaluations, as well as teacher written tests. Objective information is intended for use in data based…

  18. Library Orientation and Instruction--1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rader, Hannelore B.

    1992-01-01

    This 196-item annotated bibliography lists materials published in 1991 that deal with information literacy, including instruction in the use of information resources, research, and computer skills related to retrieving, using, and evaluating information, in all library settings. Publishing trends in this subject area since 1973 are briefly…

  19. Personalized Instruction in Business Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Wade

    1981-01-01

    The standard lecture/discussion format and the Personalized System of Instruction format (PSI) are compared by analyzing student evaluations of two sections of a course in production and operations management. Results of a t test, used to identify significant differences, indicate that PSI received higher ratings on most measures. (Author/AEF)

  20. A systematic approach to instruction in research ethics.

    PubMed

    Antes, Alison L

    2014-01-01

    This article describes a systematic approach for developing instructional programs that emphasizes defining learning needs, planning the learning environment, and evaluating learning to ensure continuous course improvement. This review outlines the nature of these interrelated components of instructional development and draws attention to issues specific to instruction in research ethics. Guiding questions summarize key, practical considerations, and the discussion suggests future steps in the pursuit of effective instruction in research ethics. Overall, the variety of approaches to instruction and mixed findings regarding its effectiveness underscore the need to apply a systematic framework to instruction in research ethics.

  1. Direct Vocabulary Instruction in Preschool: A Comparison of Extended Instruction, Embedded Instruction, and Incidental Exposure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loftus-Rattan, Susan M.; Mitchell, Alison M.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2016-01-01

    Based on its coincidence with a significant period in language development for children, preschool provides a favorable setting to foster vocabulary growth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two instructional conditions and an incidental exposure condition for teaching targeted vocabulary words to preschool students…

  2. Delivery Models for Elementary Science Instruction: A Call for Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gess-Newsome, Julie

    1999-01-01

    Explores potential answers to the question, How do we best ensure adequate and appropriate science instruction at the elementary level? Outlines, through an examination of scientific literacy, the attributes needed in a teacher for effective science instruction. Evaluates five delivery models for elementary science instruction. Concludes with a…

  3. A Guide to Classroom Instruction for Adjunct Faculty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, John H.

    This book is a self-study instructional guide designed to explain how to deliver a course. The guide includes four modules: (1) Introduction to Classroom Instruction; (2) Fundamentals of Learning; (3) Methods of Delivering Instruction; and (4) Administration, Evaluation, and Feedback. Each module includes a case that presents a problem or…

  4. Innovations in Curriculum and Instructional Materials Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Population Education in Asia and the Pacific Newsletter, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Presents a sample population education lesson plan from China. Included with the lesson, which focuses on quality of life and socialist modernization, are objectives, instructional strategies, list of materials needed, evaluation methods, and sample test items. (JN)

  5. Effects of Intensive Remedial Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slate, John; Algozzine, Bob; Lockavitch, Joseph F.

    1998-01-01

    Evaluates implementation of the "failure free" reading program. Adequate repetition, appropriate sentence structure, and meaningful story content are incorporated in directed instruction, talking software, and print materials. Improvements were noted in attitudes, curriculum-based performance, and standardized tests. (MMU)

  6. Instructional Systems: Which One?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, A. Maughan

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the mystical aura attached to the notion of a systems approach to instruction, briefly reviews some of the instructional systems which have been advanced, and suggests a method for successful implementation of the process. (LS)

  7. Differentiated Instruction. Fastback.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smutny, Joan Franklin

    This fastback presents the essentials for understanding how to differentiate instruction to meet the learning needs of all students in today's classrooms. It focuses on: "The Need for Differentiated Instruction" (determining learning needs, deciding what to differentiate, and principles of differentiated instruction); "Strategies for…

  8. The Instructional Capacitor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…

  9. Developing Mobile Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

  10. Instructional Program Review Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin Community Coll., TX.

    The report describes the Instructional Program Review Process at Austin Community College (Texas). The report includes program review process timeline and schedule. The Instructional Program Review Process focuses on issues of need, cost, and effectiveness of instructional programs. It provides for identification of improvements, includes…

  11. Elements of Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Svara, Ronald

    Although many schools claim to make use of individualized instruction, no common definition of this term has been agreed on. The author reviewed definitions of "individualized instruction" in five studies and then surveyed 30 community and junior colleges who claimed to be using this method of instruction to learn what their programs consisted of.…

  12. Instructional Rounds in Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, John E.

    2012-01-01

    "Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

  13. Instructional Data, FY 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staatse, Holly

    These three reports present instructional data for Mercer County Community College for Summer and Fall 1980 and Spring 1981. The first report, covering summer sessions from 1974 through 1980, examines instructional hours, class size, student credit hours (SCRH), student contact hours (SCH), income/cost measures, instructional staff, full-time…

  14. Models for Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgiades, William, Ed.; Clark, Donald C., Ed.

    This book, consisting of five parts, provides a collection of source materials that will assist in implementing individualized instruction; provides examples of interrelated systems for individualizing instruction; and describes the components of individualized instructional systems, including flexible use of time, differentiated staffing, new…

  15. Use of an Instructional Management System to Enhance Math Instruction of Gifted and Talented Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ysseldyke, Jim; Tardrew, Steve; Betts, Joe; Thill, Teri; Hannigan, Eileen

    2004-01-01

    The effect of a self-directed mathematics program on the math achievement of students who are gifted and talented (GT) was evaluated. An instructional management system, Accelerated Math (Advantage Learning Systems, 1998a), was used to assign instruction, monitor student progress, and provide teachers with the information they needed to…

  16. Instructional Television: Inquiry Method of Instruction in Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beets, Mary Mitchell

    The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate television as an instructional medium for teaching creative thinking to fifth and sixth grade students by use of the "inquiry" method of instruction in the area of science. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of student involvement in the live telecasts on their performance on a test…

  17. Technology for Early Braille Literacy: Comparison of Traditional Braille Instruction and Instruction with an Electronic Notetaker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickford, James O.; Falco, Ruth A.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The study reported here evaluated whether there was a difference in students' outcomes for braille fluency when instruction was provided with traditional braille media or refreshable braille. Students' and teachers' perceptions of the efficacy of the use of the different instructional media were analyzed. Methods: Nine students from…

  18. Evaluation of the Effects of Medium of Instruction on the Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Performance on the Science Achievement Test.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong; Cheung, Sin Pui

    2003-01-01

    A study examined the effects of a new Hong Kong policy requiring Chinese as the language of instruction on secondary students' learning of science. Science achievement test scores at 100 secondary schools indicate that previous use of English to teach science may have hampered students' ability to grasp material due to the high-level thinking…

  19. Evaluation of Manual Spelling, Observational and Incidental Learning Using Computer-Based Instruction with a Tablet PC, Large Screen Projection, and a Forward Chaining Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purrazzella, Kimberly; Mechling, Linda C.

    2013-01-01

    The study employed a multiple probe design to investigate the effects of computer-based instruction (CBI) and a forward chaining procedure to teach manual spelling of words to three young adults with moderate intellectual disability in a small group arrangement. The computer-based program included a tablet PC whereby students wrote words directly…

  20. An Evaluation of the Instruction Carried out with Printed Laboratory Materials Designed in Accordance with 5E Model: Reflection of Light and Image on a Plane Mirror

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayvaci, Hakan Sevki; Yildiz, Mehmet; Bakirci, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    This study employed a print laboratory material based on 5E model of constructivist learning approach to teach reflection of light and Image on a Plane Mirror. The effect of the instruction which conducted with the designed print laboratory material on academic achievements of prospective science and technology teachers and their attitudes towards…

  1. A Symposium: Relevant Cue Research, a Program of Systematic Evaluation: Considerations for Sustaining Instructional Design Research Using an Integrated Learning System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grabowski, Barbara

    An intelligent videodisc system on which comprehensive instructional development research can be conducted has been developed. This integrated learning system combines all other existing media, except objects, using a videodisc, microcomputer, printer, single monitor, hard disc storage with CPU for random access digitized audio, and headphones.…

  2. Classroom Observations: Documenting Shifts in Instruction for Districtwide Improvement. Formative Evaluation Cycle Report for the Math in Common Initiative, Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Rebecca R.; Seago, Nanette M.; Burr, Elizabeth; Broek, Marie; Finkelstein, Neal D.

    2015-01-01

    Math in Common® (MiC) is a five-year initiative that supports a formal network of 10 California school districts as they implement the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSS-M) across grades K-8. This research brief explores how best to select or develop and use classroom observation systems in order to document instructional shifts and…

  3. A Randomized Control Trial Evaluating the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction in Numeracy on Math Outcomes for Monolingual English Speaking Kindergartners from Title 1 Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, M. E.; Anthony, J. L.; Clements, D. H.; Sarama, J.; Williams, J. M.

    2016-01-01

    Children from low-income and ethnic minority backgrounds have demonstrated substantially lower levels of math achievement than their middle class majority peers for decades. The present study addressed two research questions: (1) when used as a supplement to typical classroom instruction and in isolation from the larger curriculum, does Building…

  4. Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Joanne

    Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

  5. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction with Increasing Black and Latino Reading Fluency, as Compared to Asian and White Second-Grade Students' Reading Fluency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Franklin Dickerson

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (FORI) on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. FORI incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an academic week. This approach to reading uses scaffolding by expert readers. Results indicate…

  6. The Development and Evaluation of a Set of Multi-Media Self-Instructional Learning Activity Packages for Use in Remedial English at an Urban Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Ellen Jean Baird

    The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects on achievement and attitude of a method of teaching using multi-media self-instructional learning activity packages, with the conventional method of teaching by lecture and discussion. The subjects were 126 community college students enrolled in remedial English classes. Two instructors…

  7. The Development and Evaluation of Self-Instructional Physical Science Materials Based on Piaget's Analysis of the Growth of Logical Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bass, Joel Eugene

    Three self-instructional episodes for use in physical science classes were written and tested with ninth grade students. The development was based on Piaget's learning theory leading students from actions with physical apparatus to the formulation of a mathematical equation. The episodes concerned: (1) equilibrium in a balance; (2) the oscillation…

  8. The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasty, Doyle E.

    Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…

  9. Evaluative Comparison of Programmed System of Instruction and Traditional Lecture Approaches in a Basic Administration of Justice Class at Cerritos College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinrichsen, Keith A.

    This study compares traditional lecture (TL) and personalized system of instruction (PSI) teaching methods for an introductory criminal evidence class at Cerritos College (California) during the 1974-75 academic year. The subjects were 189 lower division students, the vast majority of whom were declared law enforcement majors. Since both sections…

  10. Instructional television utilization in the United States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dumolin, J. R.

    1971-01-01

    Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

  11. Designing Instructional Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furtado, Lorraine T.

    1974-01-01

    The author presents an instructional design model for teachers that evolves around a teacher-manager concept which recognizes management functions of: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. (EA)

  12. ERIP application instructions

    SciTech Connect

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  13. Patient perceptions of quality in discharge instruction.

    PubMed

    Clark, Paul Alexander; Drain, Maxwell; Gesell, Sabina B; Mylod, Deirdre M; Kaldenberg, Dennis O; Hamilton, Julie

    2005-10-01

    The present study investigates patient perceptions of the quality of discharge instruction by assessing inpatients' ratings of care and service in the United States over the past 5 years (1997-2001) (n = 4,901,178). As expected, patients' ratings of "instructions given about how to care for yourself at home" showed a strong, consistent positive relationship with overall patient satisfaction from 1997 through 2001. Nevertheless, patient satisfaction with discharge instructions decreased significantly each year (p < 0.001). Patients gave lower ratings to the quality of discharge instruction than to the overall quality of their hospital stay which indicates a failure to match the quality delivered among other services within the hospital. Patient assessments of discharge instruction quality varied systematically among conditions. Patients with musculoskeletal diseases and disorders (MDC-8) rated discharge instruction considerably lower than all other patient groups. Patients' age, sex, self-described health status and length of stay did not predict patients' evaluations of discharge instructions. U.S. hospitals may not be meeting existing AMA and JCAHO standards for patient education and discharge.

  14. Ukrainian Instructional Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Modern Language Journal, 1976

    1976-01-01

    This is an annotated listing of 25 items that can be used in connection with instruction in Ukrainian language, culture, history, and literature. Items include surveys, journals, literary works, and other scholarly and instructional materials on the history and current status of the Ukraine and Ukrainian immigrants to Canada. (AM)

  15. Principal Instructional Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Short, Paula M.; Spencer, William A.

    Although the literature points to principals' central role in enhancing school effectiveness, the demonstration of a causal relationship between their instructional leadership and student achievement is difficult. Researchers have suggested that instructional leadership can influence teaching and classroom practices through the establishment of…

  16. Content-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CATESOL Journal, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) journal periodical devotes entire issues to specific issues. The theme of this issue is "Content-Base Instruction." Articles include: "Syllabus Design in Content-Based Instruction" (David E. Eskey); "How Relevant Is Relevance?: An Examination of Student Needs, Interests, and Motivation in the Content-Based…

  17. Trends in Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James W., Ed.

    This collection of five articles presents the viewpoints of experts on various aspects of the field of instructional technology (IT). Wesley C. Meierhenry traces the history of IT from its original emphasis on audiovisual media to its current concern with instructional design and the use of systems and systematic approaches. Henry T. Ingle…

  18. Creating Effective Multimedia Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sales, Gregory C.

    1999-01-01

    Presents information on several critical themes related to multimedia instruction for those involved in the design, development, or use of computer delivered instruction. Addresses software product life cycle; systematic approach to design; multimedia design and development teams; production values; critical components of effective multimedia;…

  19. Instructions for Systemic Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seigel, Marika A.

    2009-01-01

    In the technical communication classroom, the received wisdom is that good instructions should "stay out of the way" of the users' engagement with technological systems. This article draws on Burke's concept of perspective by incongruity and on examples of instructions produced during the Women's Health Movement to demonstrate that sometimes…

  20. Direct Instruction News, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarver, Sara, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    These three issues of a newsletter offer diverse kinds of information deemed to be of interest to Association for Direct Instruction (ADI) members--stories of successful implementations in different settings, write-ups of ADI awards, tips on "how to" deliver direct instruction (DI) more effectively, topical articles focused on particular types of…

  1. Perceptions of Online Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Wade W.; Gill, Peggy B.

    2009-01-01

    Online instruction has influenced how higher education redefines teaching as universities understand the significance and move towards the paradigm of online teaching and learning. Despite the benefits of online teaching, many university faculty members tend to gravitate toward instructional practices that are most comfortable to them. The purpose…

  2. High Impact Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    2013-01-01

    The key to improving student achievement isn't more teacher time--it's more teacher impact. But how do you decide which instructional practices will deliver the most bang for your buck? In this handbook, written for teachers but suitable for use by principals and instructional coaches, best-selling author Jim Knight presents the high-leverage…

  3. Computer Designed Instruction & Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

    Research findings on computer designed instruction and testing at the college level are discussed in 13 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Don't Bother Me with Instructional Design, I'm Busy Programming! Suggestions for More Effective Educational…

  4. Fundamentals of Library Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdoo, Monty L.

    2012-01-01

    Being a great teacher is part and parcel of being a great librarian. In this book, veteran instruction services librarian McAdoo lays out the fundamentals of the discipline in easily accessible language. Succinctly covering the topic from top to bottom, he: (1) Offers an overview of the historical context of library instruction, drawing on recent…

  5. Diagnostic Assessment in Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forehand, Garlie A.; Rice, Myrtle W.

    1988-01-01

    Describes an experimental program of interactive assessment and instruction called GUIDES to Learning and Instruction, which is designed for use in college level remedial and developmental programs in writing, reading, and study skills. Highlights include microcomputer administration of measurement; response formats; feedback; validity for…

  6. LOGO Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yusuf, Mian Muhammad

    Findings of a 1989 research study on LOGO-based instruction for teaching abstract concepts of geometry are reported in an effort to encourage mathematics teachers to use the LOGO language in computer-assisted instruction. Thirty-three ninth graders (19 males and 14 females) (6 white students and 27 black students) were involved in the controlled…

  7. Presentation on Instructional Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naz, Bibi Asia

    2009-01-01

    "Learning can be defined as change in a student's capacity for performance as a result of experience" (Kenneth D. Moore). The intended changes should be specified in instructional objectives. Viewed in this context, an objective can be defined as a clear and unambiguous description of your instructional intent. An objective is not a statement of…

  8. Videodisc Instruction in Fractions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnine, Douglas; And Others

    1987-01-01

    How laser videodisc technology can be used to improve mathematics instruction is described, with note of the development of a videodisc curriculum on mastering fractions. Relevant research is reviewed, as well as how teachers can use the technology. The instructional design is described, and field-testing and revision reported. (MNS)

  9. THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ARTZ, DELPHINE; AND OTHERS

    THIS BULLETIN PRESENTS RECOMMENDATIONS WITH REGARD TO PROGRAM, PERSONNEL, AND FACILITIES FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. IT INCLUDES UTILIZATION, MATERIALS, FACILITIES, ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUTS FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. CASE STUDIES AND EXAMPLES ARE PROVIDED FOR MAKING THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE USAGE OF THE CENTER WITHIN BOTH THE…

  10. The Instructional Development Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towle, Nelson J.

    The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2) the…

  11. Instruction and Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caws, Peter

    1974-01-01

    Instruction, the facilitation of the idiocyncratic internalizing process of each student, and inquiry, a form of self-instruction engaged in by the faculty and by advanced students, are interrelated in the forum of the university. By elucidating the interrelationship, recommendations can be made for the improvement of the university. (JH)

  12. Quality in Instructional Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schramm, Wilbur, Ed.

    The result of an interdisciplinary conference on the qualities of an effective instructional television program, this book reports the ideas of various participants. Two papers by broadcasters represent the producer's view of ITV; one deals with instructional television in Sweden and the other with a Nigerian project. The scholar's view is…

  13. Content-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DelliCarpini, M.; Alonso, O.

    2013-01-01

    DelliCarpini and Alonso's book "Content-Based Instruction" explores different approaches to teaching content-based instruction (CBI) in the English language classroom. They provide a comprehensive overview of how to teach CBI in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Topics…

  14. Automated illustration of patients instructions.

    PubMed

    Bui, Duy; Nakamura, Carlos; Bray, Bruce E; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

    2012-01-01

    A picture can be a powerful communication tool. However, creating pictures to illustrate patient instructions can be a costly and time-consuming task. Building on our prior research in this area, we developed a computer application that automatically converts text to pictures using natural language processing and computer graphics techniques. After iterative testing, the automated illustration system was evaluated using 49 previously unseen cardiology discharge instructions. The completeness of the system-generated illustrations was assessed by three raters using a three-level scale. The average inter-rater agreement for text correctly represented in the pictograph was about 66 percent. Since illustration in this context is intended to enhance rather than replace text, these results support the feasibility of conducting automated illustration.

  15. How to Survive Instructional Innovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rainey, Gilbert L.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews problems and successful techniques associated with various instructional systems including individualized instruction, personalized system of instruction, audiotutorial system, and others. Includes comments on behavioral objectives, mastery, and testing. (SK)

  16. Supplemental instruction in chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lundeberg, Mary A.

    This study was designed to measure some effects of supplemental instruction in chemistry. Supplemental instruction is a peer-led cooperative learning program that encourages students to develop conceptual understanding by articulating both understandings and misconceptions in a think-aloud fashion. Supplemental instruction was offered three hours weekly outside of class and lab time for students in four classes of General Organic and Biological Chemistry. Over a two-year period 108 students volunteered to participate in this program; 45 students did not participate. As measured by final grades in chemistry and responses to a questionnaire, supplemental instruction was effective in increasing students' achievement in chemistry. Further research is needed to determine the in-depth effects of supplemental instruction on students' learning, problem solving, and self-esteem.

  17. Web-based technologies for health sciences reference and instruction.

    PubMed

    Youngkin, C Andrew

    2014-01-01

    New web-based instructional technologies provide health sciences librarians with tools to enhance delivery of reference services, reinforce library instruction, and facilitate outreach activities. Of the many emerging, new web technologies recently available to health information professionals, 12 resources are presented in this article to explain the value these tools bring to informational and instructional settings to enhance demonstration, facilitate collaborative activities, encourage communication, and evaluate learning/understanding. PMID:25023016

  18. Instructional Design and the Importance of Instructional Alignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Florence

    2011-01-01

    This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…

  19. Modeling Instruction: The Impact of Professional Development on Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, Angela T.; Frick, Tasha M.; Barker, Heather L.; Phelps, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    Modeling Instruction holds the potential for transforming science instruction and improving student achievement. Key to the success of Modeling Instruction, however, is the fidelity of implementation of its curriculum. This qualitative study examined the impact of Modeling Instruction professional development on participating teachers'…

  20. A Framework for Determining the Value of Diagnostic Information for Instructional Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, David G.

    1976-01-01

    A procedure designed to help instructional decision-makers evaluate individual sources of diagnostic information in terms of their functional utility may add a desirable measure of precision to their instructional prescriptions for learners. (Author)

  1. Performance evaluation of the IBM RISC (reduced instruction set computer) System/6000: Comparison of an optimized scalar processor with two vector processors

    SciTech Connect

    Simmons, M.L.; Wasserman, H.J.

    1990-01-01

    RISC System/6000 computers are workstations with a reduced instruction set processor recently developed by IBM. This report details the performance of the 6000-series computers as measured using a set of portable, standard-Fortran, computationally-intensive benchmark codes that represent the scientific workload at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. On all but three of our benchmark codes, the 40-ns RISC System was able to perform as well as a single Convex C-240 processor, a vector processor that also has a 40-ns clock cycle, and on these same codes, it performed as well as the FPS-500, a vector processor with a 30-ns clock cycle. 17 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. Undergraduate Instruction in Geomathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Robert H.

    1969-01-01

    Advocates geomathematical instruction at the undergraduate level as a necessity. With the inclusion of pertinent mathematical approaches to conventional geological problems. Examples are described including one such attempt at the University of Southern California. (BC)

  3. Instructing for Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Bob

    1978-01-01

    To illustrate the importance of clarity and precision in stating objectives for learning a particular job task, a training consultant provides answers to the previous issue's questionnaire on writing instructional objectives. (MF)

  4. Writing Instructional Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorenz, Marian; Moose, Allan

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the main categories of instructional software, including drill/practice, tutorials, simulation/problem solving, games, and management, along with factors involved in their design. (Author/MBR)

  5. Instructional Strategies: A Preliminary Taxonomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, M. David; Wood, Norman D.

    This paper proposes that instruction consists of four relatively independent facets: learner aptitudes, content structure, delivery systems, and instructional strategies. The purpose of this paper is to develop a taxonomic vocabulary and a model for portraying instructional strategies. Instructional strategies are defined as sequences of two or…

  6. Toward a Common Understanding of Research-Based Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Deborah; Webb, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01

    A review of available books, articles and on-line resources which deal with "Research-Based Instructional Strategies" will produce a plethora of materials which promote the effectiveness of these strategies on student achievement. Also, a perusal of classroom instruction and teacher evaluation instruments will reveal that many of the…

  7. Feedback as the Crucial Variable in Conventional Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkof, Neil J.

    This paper presents a theoretical inquiry into the potential utility of a curricular view of instruction via the heuristic vehicle of the "curriculum-in-use." It is proposed that instruction must always imply a teacher, students to be taught, a curricular subject matter to be transmitted, and an evaluative mechanism. In addition, all instruction…

  8. Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

    The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

  9. Sex Stereotyping in Instructional Materials and Television: Awareness Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Matilda

    This awareness kit provides information on the portrayals of women and men in two media--instructional materials and television; discusses how to evaluate and choose the best media materials from those that exist; recommends actions that will help to eliminate sex stereotyping in instructional materials and television; and suggests an approach to…

  10. Teaching Effectiveness and Bibliographic Instruction: The Relevance of Learning Styles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodi, Sonia

    1990-01-01

    Argues that the most important component in effective bibliographic instruction is the learning styles of students. The discussion examines learning styles, in general, and Kolb's theory of experiential learning, in particular. The use of Kolb's theory in a freshman library instruction program is described and evaluated. (10 references) (CLB)

  11. Personalizing Reading Instruction: A Systems Model for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casteel, Carolyn P.; Johnson, Lowell E.

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of personalized instruction focuses on reading education and presents a systems model for teachers called a Teacher System for Personalized Instruction (TSPI). Topics discussed include diagnosing the needs of the learner; self-paced learning; motivation; achievement; mastery learning; evaluation plan; and cognitive, affective,…

  12. Improving Students' Ability To Problem Solve through Social Skills Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopp, Mary Ann; Horn, Cheryl L.; McGraw, Kelleen; Meyer, Jenny

    When elementary and middle level students lack effective problem-solving skills, they may make poor behavior choices in social conflicts, contributing to a negative learning and instructional environment. This action research project evaluated the impact of using social skills instruction to improve students' ability to solve problems related to…

  13. The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement: Theory to Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krajewski, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Beginning with an abridged history of administrative and clinical supervision, "The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement" offers principals both background information, as well as comprehensive models and examples, to analyze and improve teacher instruction. Based on the principle of teacher growth, rather than teacher evaluation, this…

  14. Designing Effective Video Teletraining Instruction: The Florida Teletraining Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Barbara L.; Bramble, William J.

    1996-01-01

    Evaluates the effectiveness of the Florida Teletraining Project, a project that used video teletraining to provide distance education courses to United States military personnel. Describes the instructional methods and strategies used and reports results of performance tests and reactions of students and instructional personnel. Findings indicate…

  15. Planning for Instructional Use of Radio and Computers by Satellite.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suppes, Patrick

    This paper surveys approaches that are deemed practical for instructional use of radios and computers by satellite transmission. For each of the two instructional technologies a brief history is provided, a survey of the evaluation studies of effectiveness is given, and a concluding section on planning for application is provided. Because the…

  16. Reflective Teaching, Effective Learning: Instructional Literacy for Library Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Char

    2011-01-01

    Whether or not "instruction" appears in their job titles, librarians are often in the position of educating their users, colleagues, and peers to successfully locate and evaluate information. Because MLIS education tends to offer less-than-comprehensive preparation in pedagogy and instructional design, this much-needed book tackles the challenge…

  17. Integrating Technology into Classroom: The Learner-Centered Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezer, Baris; Karaoglan Yilmaz, Fatma Gizem; Yilmaz, Ramazan

    2013-01-01

    In this study, to present an instructional model by considering the existing models of instructional design (ARCS, ADDIE, ASSURE, Dick and Carey, Seels and Glasgow, Smith and Ragan etc.) with the nature of technology-based education and to reveal analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation, and to revise levels with lower levels of…

  18. Bibliographic Instruction: Renewal and Transformation in One Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klavano, Ann M.; Kulleseid, Eleanor R.

    1995-01-01

    Examines the impact of institutional evaluation on Mercy College (New York) library's bibliographic instruction program and its evolution into an information literacy program responsive to changes in student demographics, curriculum content, assessment methods, and communication technologies. Topics include course-integrated instruction,…

  19. Achievement Monitoring of Individually Paced Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinsky, Paul D.

    A study was made to monitor achievement of individually paced instruction. The project concentrated on designing testing procedures in group paced instructional programs to provide information to student, teachers, parents and administrators which could be used in both a formative and summative evaluation. The three objectives of the project were:…

  20. Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Individualized Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, William E.; And Others

    Self-paced programed and audiovisual (AV) instructional materials covering portions of the Air Force course, Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Specialist, were developed, administered, and evaluated as means of assessing the feasibility of individualizing the PME course as part of the Air Force's Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The…

  1. Instructional Resources and Materials for Business-Spanish Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cere, Ronald

    The program, curriculum, and materials needed to provide business Spanish training are described, and the available instructional materials are reviewed and listed. In developing a business Spanish program, decisions must be made regarding goals, content, structure, instructional format, evaluation procedures, and target population. The content of…

  2. Tier 3 Specialized Writing Instruction for Students with Dyslexia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berninger, Virginia W.; Winn, William D.; Stock, Patricia; Abbott, Robert D.; Eschen, Kate; Lin, Shin-Ju; Garcia, Noelia; Anderson-Youngstrom, Marci; Murphy, Heather; Lovitt, Dan; Trivedi, Pamala; Jones, Janine; Amtmann, Dagmar; Nagy, William

    2008-01-01

    Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired "word" decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade…

  3. Successful Instruction in Substance Abuse and Traffic Safety (SATS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, J. Curtis; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Evaluated effectiveness of instruction and presentation format of course on alcohol consumption and safe driving given to individuals convicted of first offense of driving while under the influence. Results showed that instructional information significantly increased clients' knowledge of alcohol and drug abuse and safe driving; course did not…

  4. They Teach Too: A Role for Paraprofessionals in Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.

    1995-01-01

    Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes. (LRW)

  5. A Formative Analysis of Instructional Strategies for Using Learning Objects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, Robin; Knaack, Liesel; Muirhead, Bill

    2009-01-01

    To date, limited research has been done examining and evaluating the instructional wrap for using learning objects effectively. The current study examined instructional strategies used by 15 teachers to integrate learning objects into 30 secondary school classrooms (510 students). Four key areas were examined: preparation time, purpose for using a…

  6. Applying learning theories and instructional design models for effective instruction.

    PubMed

    Khalil, Mohammed K; Elkhider, Ihsan A

    2016-06-01

    Faculty members in higher education are involved in many instructional design activities without formal training in learning theories and the science of instruction. Learning theories provide the foundation for the selection of instructional strategies and allow for reliable prediction of their effectiveness. To achieve effective learning outcomes, the science of instruction and instructional design models are used to guide the development of instructional design strategies that elicit appropriate cognitive processes. Here, the major learning theories are discussed and selected examples of instructional design models are explained. The main objective of this article is to present the science of learning and instruction as theoretical evidence for the design and delivery of instructional materials. In addition, this article provides a practical framework for implementing those theories in the classroom and laboratory.

  7. Development and application of a diagnostic instrument to evaluate grade-11 and -12 students' concepts of covalent bonding and structure following a course of instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.; Garnett, Patrick

    This article initially outlines a procedure used to develop a written diagnostic instrument to identify grade-11 and -12 students' misconceptions and misunderstandings of the chemistry topic covalent bonding and structure. The content to be taught was carefully defined through a concept map and propositional statements. Following instruction, student understanding of the topic was identified from interviews, student-drawn concept maps, and free-response questions. These data were used to produce 15 two-tier multiple-choice items where the first tier examined content knowledge and the second examined understanding of that knowledge in six conceptual areas, namely, bond polarity, molecular shape, polarity of molecules, lattices, intermolecular forces, and the octet rule. The diagnostic instrument was administered to a total of 243 grade-11 and -12 chemistry students and has a Cronbach alpha reliability of 0.73. Item difficulties ranged from 0.13 to 0.60; discrimination values ranged from 0.32 to 0.65. Each item was analyzed to ascertain student understanding of and identify misconceptions related to the concepts and propositional statements underlying covalent bonding and structure.

  8. Design and Development of a Technology Enhanced Hybrid Instruction Based on MOLTA Model: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delialioglu, Omer; Yildirim, Zahide

    2008-01-01

    Using the model for learning and teaching activities (MOLTA), a new technology enhanced hybrid instruction was designed, developed and implemented. The effectiveness of the hybrid instruction in regard to students' achievement, knowledge retention, attitudes towards the subject, and course satisfaction was evaluated in comparison to traditional…

  9. Using Critical Incidents of Instructional Design and Multimedia Production Activities to Investigate Instructional Designers' Current Practices and Roles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugar, William A.; Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2016-01-01

    Through consideration of critical incidents, this study analyzed 106 effective, ineffective and extraordinary instructional design and multimedia production (MP) activities discussed by 36 instructional design professionals. This evaluation provided insights into these professionals' best and not so best practices during the past 6 months.…

  10. Effectiveness of Instructional Strategies Based on Gagne's Instructional Design (ID) in Improving Thinking Skills of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'souza, Flosy C. R.; Kasinath, H. M.

    2010-01-01

    The study was aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of Instructional Strategies based on Gagne's Instructional Design and Conventional Strategies of teaching science in improving the "Thinking Skills" of secondary school students. The seven "Thinking Skills" suggested by Raths, Louis (1967) namely, "Observation,"…

  11. Design and Implementation of Instructional Computer Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graczyk, Sandra L.

    1989-01-01

    Presents an input-process-output (IPO) model that can facilitate the design and implementation of instructional micro and minicomputer systems in school districts. A national survey of school districts with outstanding computer systems is described, a systems approach to develop the model is explained, and evaluation of the system is discussed.…

  12. Building Human Relations through Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Anderson; Parker, Melissa

    1987-01-01

    Camp programs for human relations must build on a foundation of well-learned skills, teach skills efficiently to allow time for group development, and overcome sex role stereotypes. Camp directors must attend to instructional design including analysis of subject matter and learner, effective teaching procedures, and evaluation of the competence.…

  13. Instructional Components of Mediational Dynamic Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symons, Sonya E.; Vye, Nancy J.

    The instructional components of mediation, a teaching technique used in dynamic assessment, were evaluated with 100 four-year-old children attending daycare or preschools in London, Ontario. The effects of familiarization with task materials, task-specific rule teaching, and elaborated feedback were assessed using a pretest-posttest design.…

  14. Bibliographic Instruction for Social Work Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engeldinger, Eugene A.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Describes development of a one-credit Level III interactive video course to teach library research methods to undergraduate social work students. Topics include: the traditional lecture/laboratory approach, the instructional development team, interactive video technology, course description, course evaluation, course mechanics, and results. (MES)

  15. Instructional Materials for Cosmetology and Barbering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Olive P.

    The purpose of this paper is to aid curriculum development specialists, state leadership personnel, and local supervisors of trade and industry in evaluating curriculum and instructional materials development in cosmetology and barbering. Intended to help either the new or experienced teacher improve programs and identify useful instructional…

  16. Assessment of Cognitive Requirements of Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron

    1976-01-01

    Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)

  17. Discussion-Based Instruction in Drug Metabolism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruenitz, Peter C.

    1995-01-01

    A flexible strategy for large-group pharmacy instruction in drug metabolism has students prepare and discuss answers to fact-oriented study questions, addressing fundamentals covered in a textbook, with regular evaluation of in-class student responses to higher-order review questions. This discussion-based approach has brought sustained…

  18. How Career Ladders Can Improve Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennion, John W.

    1987-01-01

    Describes Salt Lake City (Utah) schools' five instructional improvement goals, including clearly developed learning objectives, effective teaching and evaluation models, appropriate assessment tools, an energized classroom environment, and career leaders to attract and retain superior teachers. Discusses career ladder systems, focusing on teacher…

  19. Health Instruction Packages: Pregnancy and Childbirth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostrander, Betty; And Others

    Text, illustrations, and reinforcement exercises are utilized in these nine learning modules to instruct nurses and expectant mothers in topics related to pre-natal care, labor, and post-partum readjustment. The first module, "Pre-Natal Evaluation" by Betty Ostrander, teaches the nurse to diagnose toxemia of pregnancy. The second module,…

  20. Literacy Instruction: From Assignment to Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DelleBovi, Betsy M.

    2012-01-01

    This action research demonstrates the answer to this question: How can literacy professors provide effective training in evaluating writing to preservice graduate education students? The study examines writing assessment instruction in the context of a literacy course required of preservice teachers seeking secondary (7-12) certification in…

  1. Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Derya

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

  2. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Developed by MicroSIFT, a Project of the Computer Technology Program. Sixth Revision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises six stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…

  3. An Evaluation of Pronunciation Teaching Content of "English for Palestine 10" and Related Teachers' Competency Level in Light of Current Instructional Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…

  4. Evaluation of a Theory of Instructional Sequences for Physics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E.

    2010-01-01

    The background of the study is the theory of "basis models of teaching and learning", a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what…

  5. Getting to the point: attempting to improve juror comprehension of capital penalty phase instructions.

    PubMed

    Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig

    2011-10-01

    This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition.

  6. Instruct coders' manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Friend, J.

    1971-01-01

    A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of current implementation. A detailed description is given of how to code a lesson, what buttons to push, and what utility programs to use. Suggestions for debugging coded lessons and the error messages that may be received during assembly or while running the lesson are given.

  7. Combining Cooperative Learning and Individualized Instruction: Effects on Student Mathematics Achievement, Attitudes and Behaviors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavin, Robert E.; And Others

    While programmed instruction has not generally been found to increase mathematics achievement, the problems appear to lie more in managerial and motivational difficulties rather than in the theory of individualizing instruction. This study evaluated programmed instruction in mathematics using a system designed to solve these problems by having…

  8. Non-Linear Instructional Design Model: Eternal, Synergistic Design and Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Caroline

    2004-01-01

    Instructional design is at the heart of each educational endeavour. This process revolves around the steps through which the thoughtful productions of superior products are created. The ADDIE generic instructional design model emphasises five basic steps within the instructional design process: analyse, design, develop, implement and evaluate. The…

  9. Instructional Science: What Is It and Where Did It Come From?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osguthorpe, Russell T.; Zhou, Lian

    1989-01-01

    Describes the development of the field of instructional science through a hypothetical dialogue. Topics discussed include programed instruction; behavioral psychology; learning theorists; cognitive psychology; concept learning; military training; applied versus basic research; behaviorism; computer-assisted instruction; educational evaluation;…

  10. EMERGENT INTRAVERBAL RESPONSES VIA TACT AND MATCH-TO-SAMPLE INSTRUCTION

    PubMed Central

    Grannan, Leigh; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

    2012-01-01

    The present investigation evaluated the effectiveness of category tact and match-to-sample instruction in facilitating the emergence of intraverbal responses (i.e., naming several items belonging to a specific category) for 2 children with autism. Results demonstrated the emergence of untaught responses, suggesting an effective instructional protocol for establishing intraverbal responses without direct instruction. PMID:23060673

  11. Plagiarism Awareness among Students: Assessing Integration of Ethics Theory into Library Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strittmatter, Connie; Bratton, Virginia K.

    2014-01-01

    The library literature on plagiarism instruction focuses on students' understanding of what plagiarism is and is not. This study evaluates the effect of library instruction from a broader perspective by examining the pre- and posttest (instruction) levels of students' perceptions toward plagiarism ethics. Eighty-six students completed a pre- and…

  12. Does music instruction improve fine motor abilities?

    PubMed

    Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

    2005-12-01

    The fine motor abilities of children who participated in two years of piano instruction and those who had never received formal music training were compared before and after the instruction. A significant improvement in fine motor skills was found only for the children who received the lessons, and a significant difference in the speed of response was found between the two groups at the end of the two years of instruction. The innumerable opportunities to assess, refine, and time their motor responses to specific stimuli during musical practice and the availability of constant evaluative feedback (i.e., sound) may allow musicians to improve the accuracy and speed of perceiving and responding to relevant stimuli.

  13. An occupancy-based quantification of the highly imperiled status of desert fishes of the southwestern United States.

    PubMed

    Budy, Phaedra; Conner, Mary M; Salant, Nira L; Macfarlane, William W

    2015-08-01

    Desert fishes are some of the most imperiled vertebrates worldwide due to their low economic worth and because they compete with humans for water. An ecological complex of fishes, 2 suckers (Catostomus latipinnis, Catostomus discobolus) and a chub (Gila robusta) (collectively managed as the so-called three species) are endemic to the U.S. Colorado River Basin, are affected by multiple stressors, and have allegedly declined dramatically. We built a series of occupancy models to determine relationships between trends in occupancy, local extinction, and local colonization rates, identify potential limiting factors, and evaluate the suitability of managing the 3 species collectively. For a historical period (1889-2011), top performing models (AICc) included a positive time trend in local extinction probability and a negative trend in local colonization probability. As flood frequency decreased post-development local extinction probability increased. By the end of the time series, 47% (95% CI 34-61) and 15% (95% CI 6-33) of sites remained occupied by the suckers and the chub, respectively, and models with the 2 species of sucker as one group and the chub as the other performed best. For a contemporary period (2001-2011), top performing (based on AICc ) models included peak annual discharge. As peak discharge increased, local extinction probability decreased and local colonization probability increased. For the contemporary period, results of models that split all 3 species into separate groups were similar to results of models that combined the 2 suckers but not the chub. Collectively, these results confirmed that declines in these fishes were strongly associated with water development and that relative to their historic distribution all 3 species have declined dramatically. Further, the chub was distinct in that it declined the most dramatically and therefore may need to be managed separately. Our modeling approach may be useful in other situations in which targeted

  14. An occupancy-based quantification of the highly imperiled status of desert fishes of the southwestern United States.

    PubMed

    Budy, Phaedra; Conner, Mary M; Salant, Nira L; Macfarlane, William W

    2015-08-01

    Desert fishes are some of the most imperiled vertebrates worldwide due to their low economic worth and because they compete with humans for water. An ecological complex of fishes, 2 suckers (Catostomus latipinnis, Catostomus discobolus) and a chub (Gila robusta) (collectively managed as the so-called three species) are endemic to the U.S. Colorado River Basin, are affected by multiple stressors, and have allegedly declined dramatically. We built a series of occupancy models to determine relationships between trends in occupancy, local extinction, and local colonization rates, identify potential limiting factors, and evaluate the suitability of managing the 3 species collectively. For a historical period (1889-2011), top performing models (AICc) included a positive time trend in local extinction probability and a negative trend in local colonization probability. As flood frequency decreased post-development local extinction probability increased. By the end of the time series, 47% (95% CI 34-61) and 15% (95% CI 6-33) of sites remained occupied by the suckers and the chub, respectively, and models with the 2 species of sucker as one group and the chub as the other performed best. For a contemporary period (2001-2011), top performing (based on AICc ) models included peak annual discharge. As peak discharge increased, local extinction probability decreased and local colonization probability increased. For the contemporary period, results of models that split all 3 species into separate groups were similar to results of models that combined the 2 suckers but not the chub. Collectively, these results confirmed that declines in these fishes were strongly associated with water development and that relative to their historic distribution all 3 species have declined dramatically. Further, the chub was distinct in that it declined the most dramatically and therefore may need to be managed separately. Our modeling approach may be useful in other situations in which targeted

  15. Enhancing Instructional Design Efficiency: Methodologies Employed by Instructional Designers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roytek, Margaret A.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional systems design (ISD) has been frequently criticised as taking too long to implement, calling for a reduction in cycle time--the time that elapses between project initiation and delivery. While instructional design research has historically focused on increasing "learner" efficiencies, the study of what instructional designers do to…

  16. Seeking Instructional Specificity: An Example from Analogical Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Eric; Wieman, Carl E.

    2015-01-01

    Broad instructional methods like "interactive engagement" have been shown to be effective, but such general characterization provides little guidance on the details of how to structure instructional materials. In this study, we seek instructional specificity by comparing two ways of using an analogy to learn a target physical principle:…

  17. An Instructional Model for Computer Assisted Instruction. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizenko, Albert J; Evans, Allyn A.

    An instructional model suitable for the implementation of the tutorial mode of a computer-assisted instruction program is described in this report. The general guidelines for the design of the model are presented. Course organization, instructional strategies, and learning paths are discussed. The model provided for the accommodation of high,…

  18. Applying Learning Theories and Instructional Design Models for Effective Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khalil, Mohammed K.; Elkhider, Ihsan A.

    2016-01-01

    Faculty members in higher education are involved in many instructional design activities without formal training in learning theories and the science of instruction. Learning theories provide the foundation for the selection of instructional strategies and allow for reliable prediction of their effectiveness. To achieve effective learning…

  19. Developmental Mathematics Instruction: Results of a National Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Anita D.

    1988-01-01

    Describes a national study of exemplary remedial mathematics courses at 145 two- and four-year colleges. Reports findings related to course titles, administrative responsibility for the courses, placement procedures, instructional methods, course content, instructors, and evaluation procedures. (DMM)

  20. Use of Humor in Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutkaus, Michael

    1981-01-01

    Provides a summary of research on the benefits and uses of subject-matter-related humor in instructional materials, and cites comments of five experts on how to use humor in the design of instruction. Thirteen references are listed. (MER)