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Sample records for ocean transportation intermediary

  1. 75 FR 14160 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight Forwarder--Ocean Transportation Intermediary pursuant to section...-Operating Common Carrier--Ocean Transportation Intermediary: Radiant Global Logistics, Inc., dba...

  2. 77 FR 54911 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  3. 77 FR 45610 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  4. 77 FR 60434 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  5. 75 FR 12749 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  6. 76 FR 70145 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  7. 77 FR 59193 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  8. 75 FR 72825 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  9. 78 FR 8534 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  10. 75 FR 76466 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR ] part 515, effective on...

  11. 77 FR 13606 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section 19 of... the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on the...

  12. 77 FR 72863 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  13. 78 FR 68444 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-14

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  14. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  15. 78 FR 59359 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  16. 78 FR 32650 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  17. 75 FR 51074 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  18. 76 FR 72409 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  19. 77 FR 50688 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573,...

  20. 75 FR 12748 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight Forwarder--Ocean Transportation Intermediary pursuant to section... Office of Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573....

  1. 75 FR 16483 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight Forwarder--Ocean Transportation Intermediary pursuant to section... Office of Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission,Washington, DC 20573....

  2. 75 FR 19402 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight Forwarder--Ocean Transportation Intermediary pursuant to section... Office of Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573....

  3. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  4. 77 FR 26009 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  5. 76 FR 10594 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-25

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  6. 77 FR 12584 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  7. 75 FR 70674 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  8. 76 FR 65194 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  9. 75 FR 61758 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  10. 76 FR 27644 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  11. 77 FR 30532 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  12. 77 FR 32116 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  13. 77 FR 18817 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  14. 76 FR 67731 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  15. 76 FR 41259 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  16. 76 FR 71035 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  17. 75 FR 28252 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on...

  18. 77 FR 12584 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission... Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License...

  19. 75 FR 67974 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on...

  20. 76 FR 19097 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI.... Gargaro, Vice President, Ocean Products (Qualifying Individual), Michael K. Bible,...

  1. 75 FR 9602 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-03

    ..., (Qualifying Individuals), Gloria Comins, Member. Lars Courier, Inc. dba Lars International Freight Forwarders...-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight Forwarder--Ocean Transportation Intermediary pursuant to section... Ocean Freight Forwarder Transportation Intermediary Applicants Intertrans Express (NY), Inc., 10...

  2. 77 FR 30531 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  3. 75 FR 14161 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License No....

  4. 75 FR 28252 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  5. 75 FR 70674 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License No....

  6. 76 FR 55911 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR, part 515. License No....

  7. 76 FR 71034 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  8. 76 FR 19098 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  9. 76 FR 27643 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. ] License No....

  10. 77 FR 26008 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  11. 76 FR 41259 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  12. 75 FR 47306 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  13. 77 FR 18817 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  14. 75 FR 67974 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  15. 77 FR 40882 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to...: 3918N. Name: Benison International Transportation, Inc. Address: 9740 Jordan Circle, Suite A, Santa...

  16. 78 FR 48871 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  17. 78 FR 48871 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  18. 77 FR 50689 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 40901 of the...

  19. 77 FR 72863 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  20. 77 FR 72863 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  1. 78 FR 8533 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  2. 77 FR 70163 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act...

  3. 77 FR 42311 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to...

  4. 77 FR 37044 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  5. 77 FR 42312 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant...

  6. 78 FR 30922 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  7. 77 FR 68779 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  8. 78 FR 3425 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of...

  9. 78 FR 25741 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  10. 78 FR 25741 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  11. 77 FR 71002 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been ] revoked pursuant to section 19 of the...

  12. 77 FR 58379 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 40901 of the...

  13. 78 FR 33841 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  14. 78 FR 75346 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  15. 77 FR 74187 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  16. 77 FR 37045 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuances Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to...

  17. 78 FR 64941 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  18. 78 FR 24200 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping...

  19. 75 FR 34140 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  20. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. ] License No....

  1. 76 FR 60837 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  2. 76 FR 7210 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  3. 76 FR 67189 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  4. 75 FR 66100 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  5. 75 FR 16483 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  6. 75 FR 51075 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License No....

  7. 76 FR 3636 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  8. 76 FR 4696 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  9. 76 FR 72408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  10. 75 FR 72825 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  11. 77 FR 5014 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  12. 75 FR 76466 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  13. 75 FR 55329 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License No....

  14. 77 FR 13605 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License no....

  15. 76 FR 50216 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  16. 76 FR 70145 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  17. 75 FR 12749 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License No....

  18. 77 FR 3773 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI...). Application Type: New OFF License. Kamino International Transport, Inc. dba Kamino Ocean Line (NVO &...

  19. 75 FR 28250 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI...). Randy R. Bennett, Vice President. Application Type: New NVO License. Ocean Line Logistics Inc....

  20. 77 FR 37044 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... NVO & OFF License. ] Ocean Trade Lines, Inc. (NVO), 500 E. Broward Blvd., 1710, Ft. Lauderdale,...

  1. 75 FR 61757 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... & Ocean Cargo (NVO & OFF), 1316 NW 78th Avenue, Miami, FL 33126. Officers: Omar A....

  2. 76 FR 10593 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-25

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean... to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515. License No. Name/Address... B, Miami, FL 33167. 020577N Bosmak, Inc. dba Ocean Breeze January 14, 2011. Shipping, 2501...

  3. 77 FR 30530 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... dba DHL Global Forwarding, dba Danmar Lines Ltd, dba DHL Danzas Air & Ocean, dba Danmar Lines...

  4. 76 FR 10593 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-25

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., President, Application Type: New OFF License. AIT Ocean Systems, Inc. (OFF), 701 N. Rohlwing Road,...

  5. 76 FR 23598 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-27

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., Officers: AiChu Sun-Franck, Sec./Dir. Of Ocean Export Operations (Qualifying Individual), Bryan D....

  6. 77 FR 18815 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Structure Change. Chronos International Cargo Corp. dba AOC Log--Air Ocean Chronos Logistics (NVO &...

  7. 77 FR 12583 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., Dulles, VA 20166, Officers: Philippe Pierson, Vice President of Ocean Exports (Qualifying...

  8. 76 FR 74060 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-30

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... OTI@fmc.gov . Ameri Ocean Worldwide Lines, Limited Liability Company (NVO), 1040 North...

  9. 76 FR 71034 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., Executive Vice President of Air & Ocean (Qualifying Individual), Jeff Bullard, CEO. Application Type:...

  10. 75 FR 32780 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., Vice President, Application Type: License Transfer. Albermarle Ocean Logistics LLC (OFF), 257...

  11. 78 FR 63475 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  12. 76 FR 7209 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  13. 77 FR 13604 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  14. 75 FR 76466 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  15. 76 FR 3636 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  16. 75 FR 69080 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO), and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  17. 76 FR 76411 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  18. 75 FR 72824 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  19. 75 FR 66099 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  20. 76 FR 70145 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  1. 77 FR 5013 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  2. 75 FR 51074 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  3. 76 FR 4696 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  4. 76 FR 72409 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Qualifying Individual (QI) for a license. Interested persons may contact the Office of...

  5. 76 FR 67730 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  6. 77 FR 26008 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  7. 78 FR 30921 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  8. 77 FR 58379 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 40901 of the Shipping.... License No.: 022225NF. Name: Trans Ocean Logistics Forwarding L.L.C. Address: 1320 West Blancke...

  9. 78 FR 23252 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  10. 78 FR 3424 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  11. 75 FR 67973 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., (Qualifying Individual), Belen Mercano, ] Financial Officer, Application Type: New OFF License. A & M...

  12. 75 FR 70673 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  13. 78 FR 33841 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section...

  14. 78 FR 48435 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  15. 78 FR 24200 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section...

  16. 77 FR 32115 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  17. 78 FR 53456 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  18. 78 FR 56229 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  19. 78 FR 25740 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  20. 77 FR 71002 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  1. 78 FR 23252 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act..., 2013. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License No.: 020734NF. Name: Sil, LLC. dba Air Ocean...

  2. 78 FR 53456 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act..., TX 77449. Date Reissued: June 09, 2013. License No.: 023062F. Name: A & M Ocean Machinery,...

  3. 78 FR 60282 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  4. 77 FR 42311 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  5. 76 FR 27643 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  6. 77 FR 58378 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-20

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 40901 of...

  7. 77 FR 74186 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-13

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the...

  8. 78 FR 69852 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-21

    ... Proprietor (QI), Application Type: Trade Name Change to Blue Ocean Express. United Harbour Logistics LLC (NVO... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a...

  9. 78 FR 71611 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    .... Name: Blue Ocean Logistics Corporation dba B.O. Logistic Corp. Address: 2461 West 205th Street, Unit B... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked or terminated for...

  10. 77 FR 24713 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ..., Woodbridge, NJ 07095. 022238F Grimes Supply Chain Services, March 31, 2012. Inc., 600 North Ellis Road... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section...

  11. 78 FR 35635 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101) effective on...

  12. 75 FR 17744 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  13. 76 FR 34993 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  14. 76 FR 60837 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  15. 75 FR 57797 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  16. 76 FR 31963 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  17. 75 FR 65016 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  18. 75 FR 3467 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984...

  19. 75 FR 17743 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  20. 76 FR 59128 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  1. 76 FR 31963 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984...

  2. 76 FR 59128 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuance Notice is hereby given that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued by the Federal Maritime Commission pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  3. 75 FR 3467 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46...

  4. 77 FR 49446 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances The Commission gives notice that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary license has been reissued pursuant to section 40901 of the Shipping...: 1416 Blue Hill Avenue, Boston, MA 02125. Date Reissued: June 26, 2012. Vern W. Hill, Director,...

  5. 76 FR 16420 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-23

    ...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Type: New NVO & OFF License. Core Freight Inc. (NVO), 21-03 124th Street, College Point, NY...

  6. 75 FR 54885 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Federal Maritime Commission hereby gives.... License Number: 020581NF. Name: Alpha Sun International, Inc. Address: 5300 Kennedy Road, Suite C,...

  7. 77 FR 47393 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations The Commission gives notice that the following.... Name: Gulf South Forest Products, Inc. Address: 3038 North Federal Highway, Building L, Fort...

  8. 75 FR 39529 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-09

    ... & NVO License Blue Ocean Freight, Inc. dba Seaship Line (OFF & NVO), 250 Valley Street, 2F, Providence..., Secretary, Application Type: Add NVO Service and Trade Name Change Blue Ocean Shipping, Inc. dba Advanced... Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the...

  9. 75 FR 35815 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... International Freight Forwarding (OFF & NVO), 2 12th Street, Blaine, WA 98230. Officers: Isabelle Rucker, Vice...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI..., Manager (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New OFF & NVO License. Summit Logistics...

  10. 76 FR 33757 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-09

    ...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI... Type: License Transfer. Compass Freight Forwarding, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 7982 Capwell Drive, 2nd Floor.... Lacayo, President, Application Type: License Transfer. JDB International Inc. dba Gava...

  11. 76 FR 22104 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... NVO License Ameritrans Freight International (USA), LLC (NVO & OFF), 13723 Harvest Glen Way...), Brian Ziha, President, Application Type: New NVO License Global Shipping & Freight International, Inc...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF)--Ocean Transportation Intermediary...

  12. 75 FR 17743 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight...

  13. 76 FR 59128 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean...

  14. 75 FR 57798 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean...

  15. 75 FR 3467 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier and Ocean Freight...

  16. 75 FR 53696 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515, effective on the... maintain a valid bond. License Number: 018694N. Name: Global Parcel System LLC. Address: 8304 Northwest.... License Number: 019584N. Name: Dakota Export, LLC. Address: 1413 7th Street, South Fargo, ND 58103....

  17. 75 FR 11180 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR Part 515, effective on the.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 017017NF. Name: American Global Logistics, Inc. dba American Global Shipping. Address: 388 2nd Avenue, Suite 160, New York, NY 10010. Date...

  18. 76 FR 34992 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or...

  19. 75 FR 63476 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants Notice is hereby given that the following applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or...

  20. 77 FR 27457 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... Main Street, San Diego, CA 92113. Date Revoked: April 9, 2012. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond... that the following Ocean Transportation Intermediary licenses have been revoked pursuant to section 19... Shipping Inc. Address: 17595 Almahurst Street, Suite 210, City of Industry, CA 91748. Date Revoked:...

  1. 77 FR 76483 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants The Commission gives notice that the following applicants have filed an application for an Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) license as a Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier (NVO)...

  2. 75 FR 11180 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION... applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for license as a Non-Vessel... Office of Transportation Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573....

  3. 46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23 Section 515.23 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING, FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR...

  4. 46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23 Section 515.23 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING, FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR...

  5. 46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23 Section 515.23 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING, FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR...

  6. 46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23 Section 515.23 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING, FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR...

  7. 46 CFR 515.23 - Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Claims against an ocean transportation intermediary. 515.23 Section 515.23 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE LICENSING, FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS, AND GENERAL DUTIES FOR...

  8. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    .... LICENSE NUMBER: 019206NF. NAME: Fun N Stuff International USA, Inc. dba Air Ocean Land Transport Logistics...: Surrendered license voluntarily. LICENSE NUMBER: 020934N. NAME: D.L. International Logistics Inc. ADDRESS... corresponding date shown below: LICENSE NUMBER: 003555F. NAME: Thomas Griffin International, Inc. ADDRESS:...

  9. 75 FR 28251 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ... Commission pertaining to the licensing of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries, 46 CFR part 515. License Number: 017970N. Name: Diarama Export, Inc. Address: 2754 NW North Drive, Miami, FL 33142. Order Published: FR: 4/22/2010 (Volume 75, No. 77 Pg. 20999). License Number: 019271N. Name: Xima Freight...

  10. 78 FR 23253 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Rescission of Order of Revocation The Commission gives notice that it has rescinded its Order revoking the following licenses pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101). License...

  11. 75 FR 22408 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-28

    ... International Logistics Inc. (OFF & NVO), 36707 212th Way SE., Auburn, WA 98092. Officers: Terri L. Danz, Vice... Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573. America's Trans-Logistics Inc. (OFF & NVO... Logistics (OFF & NVO), 7 Giralda Farms, Madison, NJ 07940. Officers: Kurt C. Pruitt, Senior Vice...

  12. 75 FR 54884 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION... applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel... Intermediaries, Federal Maritime Commission, Washington, DC 20573. Acrocargo Express Inc. (NVO & OFF),...

  13. 77 FR 20398 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-04

    .../Treasurer, (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO License. Tigers (USA) Global Logistics, Inc. dba Tigers Ocean Line (NVO & OFF), 145th Avenue & Hook Creek Blvd., Valley Stream, NY 11581,...

  14. 76 FR 12962 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-09

    .../Director, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. ICT International Cargo Transport (USA) Inc. (NVO & OFF..., President, ] Application Type: QI Change and Trade Name Change. Sola Transport Agency, Inc. (NVO),...

  15. 78 FR 13342 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... (QI), Glenn Henderson, President. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Air Sea Land Shipping..., President. Application Type: QI Change. Bright Star Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 11205 S. La Cienega Blvd.... Application Type: QI Change. Ocean Star International, Inc. dba O.S.I. dba International Van Lines (NVO),...

  16. 76 FR 31962 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ..., Application Type: New NVO & OFF. International First Service USA, Inc. dba Global Wine Logistics, Inc. (NVO..., (Qualifying Individual), Mohammad A. Madi, President, Application Type: Add NVO Service. Nano Express Corp... Type: New OFF License. Zai Cargo, Inc. dba Zai Ocean Services dba Zai Container Line (NVO & OFF),...

  17. 77 FR 35384 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-13

    ... Individual), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Deep Ocean International Logistics LLC (NVO), 9814... Type: QI Change Swift International Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 3 Powell Drive, West Orange, NJ 07052... OTI@fmc.gov . ABC Trucking and Logistics L.L.C. (OFF), 3080 McCall Drive, Suite 1, Atlanta, GA...

  18. 75 FR 25257 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... voluntarily. License Number: 021418F. Name: Asbun International Freight, Inc. Address: 8140 NW. 74th Avenue...: 3330F. Name: ABM International Corporation dba Intermountain Forwarding Co. Address: 285 North Linder... bond. License Number: 3549F. Name: Cross Ocean International, Inc. Address: 905 West Hillgrove...

  19. 78 FR 5441 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ..., Treasurer, Application Type: Add Trade Name Hyundai Glovis New Jersey, LLC. ] Harris International Freight...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping... Richard, President, Application Type: New OFF License. Amerifreight (N.A.), Inc. dba Freight Team...

  20. 77 FR 64991 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    .... Application Type: New OFF License. Greymar International Freight LLC (NVO & OFF), 8579 NW 72nd Street, Miami...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping... Type: New NVO & OFF License. Hospitality Logistics International LLC (NVO & OFF), 4201 Congress...

  1. 78 FR 57633 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ...-Operating Common Carrier (NVO) and/or Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping... NVO & OFF License. Next Generation Logistics Inc (NVO & OFF), 7325 Adams Street, Paramount, CA 90273.... Kristol, Vice President (QI), John H. Williford, President, Application Type: QI Change. Swift...

  2. 77 FR 27457 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ...) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 as amended (46 U.S.C. Chapter 409 and 46 CFR 515..., Secretary, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Four Points Ocean Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1460 Route 9 North..., Secretary, Application Type: New OFF. Senderex Cargo Inc. (NVO & OFF), 5451 104th Street, Los Angeles,...

  3. 77 FR 6563 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-08

    ... Transportation Services Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1075 Gills Drive, 310, Orlando, FL 32837. Officer: Cheryl A. Stockstad... Individual), Cristina Gil Vargas, Vice President. Application Type: QI Change. Dated: February 3, 2012....

  4. 76 FR 28780 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 2813F. Name: Vital International Freight Services, Inc. Address.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 4473N. Name: Maromar International Freight... to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 004093F. Name: Marathon International Transport...

  5. 78 FR 18592 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ..., Operation Manager (QI), Jroel G. Pedres, President, Application Type: New NVO License Steam Logistics, LLC..., Elizabeth, NJ 07208, Officers: Raquel Velez, Operating Manager (QI), Jose Moreno, Member, Application Type... 90802, Officer: Fred Chou, Manager (QI), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Chester Transport,...

  6. 77 FR 13606 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... Number: 021014N. Name: Magic Transport, Inc. Address: Pepsi Industrial Park, PR-2, KM 19.5, Interior BO Candelaria, Toa Baja, PR 00949. Order Published: FR: 3/1/12 (Volume 77, No. 41, Pg. 12584). Vern W....

  7. 46 CFR Appendix B to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Insurance Form [Form 67

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Insured arising from the Insured's transportation-related... amount per OTI set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 or the amount per group or association of OTIs set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 in aggregate. Whereas, the Insurer certifies that it has sufficient and...

  8. 46 CFR Appendix B to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Insurance Form [Form 67

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Insured arising from the Insured's transportation-related... amount per OTI set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 or the amount per group or association of OTIs set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 in aggregate. Whereas, the Insurer certifies that it has sufficient and...

  9. 46 CFR Appendix B to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Insurance Form [Form 67

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Insured arising from the Insured's transportation-related... amount per OTI set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 or the amount per group or association of OTIs set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 in aggregate. Whereas, the Insurer certifies that it has sufficient and...

  10. 46 CFR Appendix B to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Insurance Form [Form 67

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Insured arising from the Insured's transportation-related... amount per OTI set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 or the amount per group or association of OTIs set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 in aggregate. Whereas, the Insurer certifies that it has sufficient and...

  11. 46 CFR Appendix B to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Insurance Form [Form 67

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Insured arising from the Insured's transportation-related... amount per OTI set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 or the amount per group or association of OTIs set forth in 46 CFR § 515.21 in aggregate. Whereas, the Insurer certifies that it has sufficient and...

  12. 76 FR 30360 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ... Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 19310 Pacific Gateway Drive, Torrance, CA 90502. Officers: Seung T. Hwang, President...), 4885 Rockford Ridge Drive, Marietta, GA 30066. Officers: Tina Chio, CEO/Secretary...

  13. 78 FR 43203 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ...: Deakins Trans-Global Logistics, LLC. Address: 6817 South Point Parkway, Suite 101, Jacksonville, FL 32216... a valid bond. License No.: 023800F. Name: Joseph P. Solomon dba Equitorial Import-Export. Address... a valid bond. James A. Nussbaumer, Deputy Director, Bureau of Certification and Licensing....

  14. 77 FR 75162 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ... Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101). Notice is also given of the filing of ] applications to amend an...-CHB, LLC (OFF), 765 North Route 83, Suite 114, Bensenville, IL 60106. Officer: Keh J. Wu, President.... Durand, President (QI). Application Type: New NVO License. Rapid Cargo & Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 15606...

  15. 75 FR 6398 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ..., IN 46805, Officers, Tonya R. Watson, Vice President, (Qualifying Individual), Sabah A. Qiyas..., COO, (Qualifying Individual), Jean Jacques Lalou, CEO. Geevee Enterprises Inc. dba Aerosend, 245...

  16. 76 FR 55909 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-09

    ..., Application Type: Add OFF Service. Caterpillar Logistics Inc. (OFF), 500 N. Morton Avenue, Morton, IL 61550..., Application Type: New OFF License. Caterpillar Logistics Services LLC (OFF), 500 N. Morton Avenue, Morton,...

  17. 75 FR 46938 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION..., Manager, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Duke System Logistics Inc. (NVO & OFF), 18645 E. Gale.... Gina Marie Cianelli dba Global Bookings (OFF), 261 Jerry Allen Ridge, Dallas, GA 30132, Officer: Gina...

  18. 75 FR 44261 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... 33166. Officer: Lainder Araujo, President/Secretary (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New NVO.../Secretary/CFO (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New NVO License. Oliveira Marine Shipping, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1200 Acushnet Avenue, New Bedford, MA 02746. Officers: Arnaldo S. Oliveira,...

  19. 76 FR 554 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    .... Officers: Jerry Wang, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Loong H. Chang, President/Director... Raymond, CEO. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Toshiba Logistics America, Inc. (NVO & OFF),...

  20. 76 FR 38651 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... Shipping (NVO), 1861 Western Way, Torrance, CA 90501. Officers: Hseanrus (Stephen) H. Lin, President/Vice..., Application Type: QI Change. Total Caribbean Logistics, LLC (NVO & OFF), 81 Kings Court, 14B, San Juan,...

  1. 75 FR 56111 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-15

    ... Herring & Associates (OFF), 6601 Etherington Court, Manassas, VA 20112. Officers: Shawn D. Scott, Manager, Freight Forwarding, (Qualifying Individual), Tomette L. Herring, President, Application Type: New...

  2. 77 FR 38288 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ... Commerce Park Drive, Suite E, Marietta, GA 30060. Officers: Cornelius U. Odinjor, President/CEO (Qualifying... Change. Intell SCM, LLC dba AWA Lines dba Island Cargo Support (NVO), 12911 Simms Avenue, Hawthorne,...

  3. 75 FR 60124 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... Street, 203, Miami, FL 33186, Officers: Eric E. Diaz, Director of Sales & Marketing (Qualifying... Proprietor (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO License Praxis SCM, LLC (NVO & OFF), 5725.... (NVO), 729 E. Grand Avenue, Suite D, San Gabriel, CA 91776, Officers: Lee Wong,...

  4. 75 FR 20997 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    ... License. Continental Logistics, LLC dba Sur Logistics (OFF), 1322 E. Pacific Coast Highway, Suite B, Wilmington, CA 90744. Officers: Ernie R. Zavaleta, Vice President, (Qualifying Individual). Oscar E. Sorto..., President/Treasurer, Application Type: New NVO License. Freight Options Unlimited (NVO), 14247 E. Don...

  5. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ..., Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Edison Chen, Manager (Qualifying Individual), Wei-Nung (Janus) Lin, Member... A. Case, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Thomas C. Case, President, Application Type:...

  6. 78 FR 38336 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ... Express, LLC (NVO & OFF), 812 Downtowner Blvd., Suite K, Mobile, AL 36609, Officers: Thomas (Mac) H. Mc... License. Magnum-Ramstr Cargo LLC (NVO & OFF), 2 Ethel Road, Suite 202C, Edison, NJ 08817,...

  7. 78 FR 48435 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... Corporation Relocation and Logistics (NVO), 32 Estate Contant, St. Thomas, VI 00802, Officers: Berisford F... Incorporated (NVO & OFF), 30 Sheryl Drive, Edison, NJ 08820, Officers: Govind (Gary) Bhagat, Vice President...

  8. 75 FR 80499 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ... Street, Orlando, FL 32812. Officers: Tanya Quiroz, Treasurer/ Secretary, (Qualifying Individual), Eddy A. Quiroz, President. Application Type: New NVO License. FPS Logistic (USA) Inc. dba Famous Pacific...

  9. 76 FR 67188 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ...Elwain, Manager, (Qualifying Individual), David W. Martin, President, Application Type: New NVO License... License. The Ultimate Logistics Services, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 3 Birch Place, Pine Brook, NJ 07058, Officer: Michael K. Cheng, President/Secretary/ Treasurer, (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO &...

  10. 76 FR 44330 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ..., Seattle, WA 98188, Officers: Charles K. Behrens, President, (Qualifying Individual), Todd L. Halverson..., Sun Fine Systems, Inc. dba Marquis Logistics (NVO & OFF), 13460 Brooks Drive, Baldwin Park, CA 91706..., Application Type: Add OFF Service. TSJ Logistics (NVO & OFF), 249 W. Fernfield Drive, Monterey Park, CA...

  11. 75 FR 48686 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ...), 5725 Paradise Drive, 1000, Corte Madera, CA 94925, Officers: George W. Pasha, IV, President/CEO... Brooks, CEO (Qualifying Individual), Maria Caceres, Secretary, Application Type: Add Trade Name... 90501, Officers: Hyunmo (A.K.A. Sean) Yang, Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Michelle Suh,...

  12. 75 FR 8720 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... LLC dba A&M International, 367 Brooks Street, Elgin, IL 60120. Officers: Marilou Pedress, President..., Mobile, AL 36602. Officers: Horace W. Thurber, IV, President (Qualifying Individual), Kevin L. Filliater.... Holzscheiter, President/CEO (Qualifying Individual), John K. Holzscheiter, Senior Vice President...

  13. 78 FR 43202 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... Logistics (NVO & OFF), 4836 SE Powell Blvd., Portland, OR 92706, Officers: Sandra K. Thoroughman, Operations...), 329 Air Freight Blvd., Nashville, TN 37217, Officers: David W. Hofer Jr., Vice President (QI), Mark... Pehle Avenue, Suite 200, Saddle Brook, NJ 07663, Officers: Farah Alhomsi, Vice President (QI),...

  14. 78 FR 20107 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ..., LLC. dba Superior International Logistics. Address: 4471 NW 36th Street, Miami Springs, FL 33166. Date...: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 8927N. Name: Grand Express International, Inc. Address: 135.... License No.: 016816F. Name: Green Integrated Logistics, Inc. Address: 16210 South Maple Avenue,...

  15. 77 FR 64992 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ...: August 15, 2012. License No.: 020088N. Name: Hal-Mari International Logistics, Inc. Address: 9122..., 2012. License No.: 019372F. Name: Hal-Mari International Logistics, Inc. Address: 9122 Telephone Road, Houston, TX 77075. Date Reissued: September 6, 2012. License No.: 023500N. Name: IMAC International...

  16. 76 FR 62407 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... OTI@fmc.gov . Alltransport International Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 63 65th Place, Long Beach, CA 90803... License. American Global Logistics LLC dba AGL (NVO & OFF), 3399 Peachtree Road, NE., 1130, Atlanta, GA... Brodecki, Chairman, Application Type: QI Change. Crowley Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 9487 Regency...

  17. 78 FR 60282 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... maintain valid bonds. License No.: 020337N. Name: WTG Logistics, Inc. dba WTG International. Address: 140... shown. License No.: 13285N. Name: Safari International Trading Corporation dba Safari Int'l Shipping.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License No.: 019002N. ] Name: Glotrans International,...

  18. 75 FR 46939 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ... bond. License Number: 021413N. Name: C&C International Logistics Inc. Address: 99 West Hawthorne Avenue... Number: 8904F. Name: Port Jersey Shipping International Inc. Address: 268 Seaview Avenue, Jersey City, NJ... bond. License Number: 018628N. Name: Master Global Logistics, Inc. Address: 758 South Glasgow...

  19. 76 FR 22106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... valid bond. License Number: 018088N. Name: ILS-International Logistics Solutions, Inc. Address: 1345... International Shipping, Inc. Address: 2358 W. Devon Avenue, Chicago, IL 60659. Date Revoked: March 31, 2011.... License Number: 021929N. Name: American Royal International, Inc. Address: 1021 Washington Street,...

  20. 76 FR 78007 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-15

    ... OTI@fmc.gov . Aieca International Logistics Corp (OFF), 5583 NW 72 Avenue, Miami, FL 33166, Officer..., (Qualifying Individual), Martin Huen, Vice President, Application Type: QI Change. Friendship Logistics LLC... License. Midas International Investments LLC dba Midas Express, Shipping and Freight (NVO), 142223...

  1. 76 FR 25692 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-05

    ... to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 4358NF. Name: Orion International Freight Forwarders, Inc... to maintain valid bonds. License Number: 3165F. Name : Woodbridge International Forwarding, Inc...: Gandhi International Shipping, Inc. Address : 2358 W. Devon Avenue, Chicago, IL 60659. Date...

  2. 78 FR 17206 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-20

    ... International Cargo Corp. Address: 7500 NW 25th Street, Unit 7, Miami, FL 33122. Date Revoked: February 28, 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 16044F. Name: Atlas International Freight Forwarding...: Gamma International Logistics Inc. dba Logistix Container Line. Address: 9700 NW 17th Street, Miami,...

  3. 78 FR 53456 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... shown. License No.: 002370NF. Name: Westwind Maritime International, Inc. Address: 1440 N. Mittel, Suite..., 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.: 024214NF. Name: Greymar International Freight LLC. Address: 8579 NW 72nd Street, Miami, FL 33166. Date Revoked: July 8, 2013. ]...

  4. 78 FR 57634 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... valid bond. License No.: 020547N. Name: DLR International Freight Forwarders, Inc. Address: 901... Despatch International. Address: 225 Prospect Street, East Hartford, CT 06108. Date Revoked: July 31, 2013... maintain a valid bond. License No.: 16352N. Name: Lynch International Inc. Address: 34-37 65th...

  5. 75 FR 9602 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Reissuances

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-03

    ..., Jamaica, NY 11434. 021418F Asbun January 4, 2010. International Freight, Inc., 8140 NW. 74th Avenue, Suite... Date reissued 017678N Four Link January 2, 2010. International, Inc., 146-27 167th Street, 100,...

  6. 75 FR 44262 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ...: Surrendered license voluntarily. LICENSE NUMBER: 2380F. NAME: HAV International Freight Corp. ADDRESS: JKF...: 019371N. NAME: Ridge International Freight, Ltd. dba RIF Line. ADDRESS: 19707 44th Avenue, Suite 207-A... corresponding date shown below: LICENSE NUMBER: 2242F. NAME: Carlos E. Plazas dba Plazas International...

  7. 77 FR 52737 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... bond. License No.: 020268F. Name: Express Northwest International Freight Services Inc. Address: 18335... International, Inc. Address: 8311 North Perimeter Road, Indianapolis, IN 46241. Date Revoked: August 2, 2012... No.: 022710N. Name: Route 809 Freight Forward LLC. Address: 7801 NW 66th Street, Suite C, Miami,...

  8. 77 FR 70162 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ..., Inc. (OFF), 17800 Castleton Street, Suite 255, City of Industry, CA 91748, Officer: Danyang Zhao, CEO...), Inc. (NVO & OFF), 2006 Cherry Hill Lane, Charleston, SC 29405, Officers: Adam Adaway, Secretary...

  9. 77 FR 39707 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ... Individual), Jack Marcario, Member, Application Type: New NVO License. Mohammad Bagegni dba Coastal Auto..., Long Beach, CA 90804, Officer: Richard R. Seng, President/Secretary/ Treasurer, (Qualifying...

  10. 76 FR 47182 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... & NVO), 1915 McKinley Avenue, Suite E, La Verne, CA 91750, Officers: Mary Ann Ruiz, COO (Qualifying.... (OFF & NVO), 147-03 182nd Street, Jamaica, NY 11413, Officer: Byung (Brian) Kim, President/Secretary... (Qualifying Individual), Won Kyung Kim, President/CEO/CFO, Application Type: New OFF & NVO License....

  11. 78 FR 48870 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ... 101, Salt Lake City, UT 84107, Officers: Rachel A. Kingston, Manager (QI), Elijah E. Kingston, Manager, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. DMS America, L.L.C. (NVO & OFF), 7025 NW 52nd Street, Miami, FL 33166..., Application Type: QI Change. D. Martin LLC (OFF), 2915 Quail Run Drive, Humble, TX 77396, Officer:...

  12. 78 FR 10173 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-13

    ... Okolo and David Newton dba Emunah Global (NVO & OFF), 1904 Farnam Street, Suite 610, Omaha, NE 68102, Officers: David D. Newton, Partner (QI), Jerome Okolo, Partner, Application Type: New NVO & OFF...

  13. 77 FR 66841 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... Global Travel/Shipping (OFF), 4748 Lake Mirror Place, Forest Park, GA 30297. Officers: Olajide T. Oni..., LLC dba NS World Logistics (NVO & OFF), 7400 Metro Boulevard, Suite 300, Edina, MN 55439....

  14. 76 FR 3635 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ... a valid bond. License Number: 020477N. Name: Omega Shipping (FL), Inc. Address: 8710 NW 100th Street.... ] Address: 110 Mackenzie Lane, Fayetteville, GA 30214. Date Revoked: December 3, 2010. Reason: Failed...

  15. 75 FR 20998 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    .... Causeway Blvd., Suite 250, Metairie, LA 70001. Date Revoked: March 3, 2010. Reason: Failed to maintain a...: March 3, 2010. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 4379N. Name: U.S.G.A. Logistic...: 020764N. Name: Get One Later, Inc. dba Omega Shipping West. Address: 4379 Sheila Street, Los Angeles,...

  16. 77 FR 49445 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ... Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Kurt Keuhn, Treasurer, Application Type: QI Change. UPS Supply Chain..., Officer: Jason P. Kwon, Member (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO License. Global Supply Chain Solutions Inc. (NVO & OFF), 2301 W. 205th Street, Unit 113, Torrance, CA 90501, Officers:...

  17. 75 FR 29545 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-26

    .... Officers: Peter Moe, Jr., President, (Qualifying Individual). Barbara M. Moe, Secretary. Application Type...: Matt W. Loutzenhiser, Manager, (Qualifying Individual). Application Type: New OFF License. U &...

  18. 76 FR 6135 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-03

    ... (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: License Transfer. CBM Global Freight Corporation (NVO), 223 South...., Dongmen Nan Road, ShenZhen, GuangDong Province, China 518002, Officers: DeFang Kong, Secretary (Qualifying... Individual), Application Type: License Transfer. Missouri Sea and Air Services, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 500...

  19. 78 FR 55698 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... Street, Los Angeles, CA 90021, Officers:, Aurora Banuelos, Member/Manager (QI), Karla Costilla, Member..., Doral, FL 33172, Officers: Modesto Gil, Vice President (QI), Antonio Iturriaga, President,...

  20. 77 FR 65887 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... President, Application Type: New NVO & OFF License; Cars U.S.A., Inc. (NVO & OFF), 3640 South Fulton Avenue..., Officer: Radek Maly, President (QI), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License; Hybrid...

  1. 77 FR 21559 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ... Agent. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. American Red Ball International, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 9750...: Stephen R. Halder, Vice President (Qualifying Individual). Valerio Shaha, Director/Vice...

  2. 77 FR 40882 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ..., Washington, DC 20573, by telephone at (202) 523-5843 or by email at OTI@fmc.gov . American Red Ball...), 950 S. Pickett Street, Alexandria, VA 22304, Officers: Stephen L. Henegar, Vice President,...

  3. 75 FR 66100 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    .... Name: Ship Smart, Inc. Address: 69 Le Fante Way, Bayonne, NJ 07002. Date Revoked: October 1, 2010... City, CA 94587. Date Revoked: October 1, 2010. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 019573NF. Name: Longron Corporation dba Time Logistics. Address: 5415 Hilton Avenue, Temple City, CA...

  4. 78 FR 28845 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ..., Application Type: New OFF License AZ Freight International Inc. (NVO & OFF), 18311 Railroad Street, City of... Change Contract Logistics, LLC (NVO), 4911 North Portland Avenue, Suite 200, Oklahoma City, OK 73112... Trade Name Smart Lines Worldwide Feiliks Global Logistics Corporation (NVO), 176-20 S. Conduit...

  5. 77 FR 64992 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ...: David A. Knott dba Dak Logistics Services. Address: 131-E Sunset Avenue, Suite 210, Suisun City, CA...: Smart Freight Corp. Address: 430 West Merrick Road, Suite 26, Valley Stream, NY 11580. Date...

  6. 76 FR 25690 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-05

    ... President, (Qualifying Individual), James Alberdi, President, Application Type: QI Change. American Red Ball..., (Qualifying Individual), Stewart A. Fortunato, Managing Member, Application Type: License Transfer....

  7. 75 FR 4560 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... Individual), Nitin Agarwal, Director. American Logistics USA, Inc., 320 Pine Avenue, Suite 511, Long Beach... Applicants: All American Worldwide, Inc., 610 Presidential Drive, Suite 110, Richardson, TX 75081, Officers... dba Cesar Cargo Express 532 Chestnut Street, Lynn, MA 01904, Officers: Cesar Augusto Benoit,...

  8. 75 FR 42446 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... & OFF), 151 E. 220th Street, Carson, CA 90754. Officers: Annie Sun, President/CEO (Qualifying Individual), Chuck Sun, Vice President/Secretary. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. E-Freight Solutions...

  9. 78 FR 20106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ... telephone at (202) 523-5843 or by email at OTI@fmc.gov . ABC Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 1833 North 105th Street..., President. Application Type: New NVO License. Allround Forwarding Co. Inc. (NVO & OFF), 134 West 26th Street.... Doong, Vice President (QI), Mandi Fang, President. Application Type: QI Change. Consolcargo USA Inc...

  10. 75 FR 40837 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ..., Corporation (NVO), 1209 John Reed Court, City of Industry, CA 91745. Officer: Chi (Steve) H. Hung, President... Road, Suite 304, Valley Stream, NY 11580. Officers: Doris McGregory, Treasurer, (Qualifying...

  11. 77 FR 9657 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-17

    ... Number: 2452F. Name: R.C. Shipping Company, Inc. Address: 5811 Green Terrace Lane, Houston, TX 77088-5413... Logistics, Inc. Address: 6931 NW 87th Avenue, Miami, FL 33178. Date Revoked: January 9, 2012. Reason: Failed...: Viva Logistics Inc. Address: 1338 64th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11219. Dates Revoked: January 8,...

  12. 75 FR 53696 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ...), Theodore Green, Stockholder. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Aventura Logistics, Inc. (NVO & OFF.../ Secretary/Director (Qualifying Individual), Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Cargo Express Logistics...: New NVO License. Everplus Logistics Inc. (NVO & OFF), 3 University Plaza, Hackensack, NJ...

  13. 76 FR 38653 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... Transgroup International. Address: 1400 Mittel Blvd., Suite A, Wood Dale, IL 60191. Date Revoked: May 29... to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 022540N. Name: Quality One International Shipping...

  14. 76 FR 14395 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ..., Shareholder/Representative Agent. Application Type: New NVO License. Cargo Management & Logistics Corp. (NVO... License. Intercargo USA Corp. (NVO), 12555 Orange Dr, Davie, FL 33330. Officers: Gerben Zwaga,...

  15. 76 FR 28778 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ...) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 as amended (46 U.S.C. Chapter 409 and 46 ] CFR 515..., Inc. (NVO & OFF), 618 Glasgow Avenue, Suite 355, Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Andy C. Wu, Vice... Avenue, 105-106, Auburn, AL 36832, Officers: Joseph K. Ji, COO, (Qualifying Individual), Jong S....

  16. 78 FR 35634 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ...: Stan Sing Lau, Vice President (QI), David Koch, CEO. Application Type: QI Change. Logistics Management..., President. Application Type: QI Change. Daisy Mae Concepcion V. Taleon dba DMT Global Logistics (NVO & OFF... Value International dba JP Global Logistics (NVO & OFF), 377 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 18, South...

  17. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 018906NF. Name: Tri-Net Logistics Management, Inc. Address: One... surrendered license. License Number: 020594N. Name: Transmodal Logistics International Inc. Address:...

  18. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ... corresponding date shown below: License Number: 4365N. Name: Logistics Management International, Inc. Address... maintain a valid bond. ] License Number: 017572F. Name: Impex of Doral Logistics, Inc. Address: 7850 NW.... Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond. License Number: 021722F. Name: BDP Project Logistics,...

  19. 77 FR 1937 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Reissuance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... Date reissued 004365F Logistics Management International, November 10, 2011. Inc., 600 Rinehart Road, Suite 1012, Lake Mary, FL 32746. 019085NF Hanjin Logistics, Inc., 80 East Route October 16, 2011....

  20. 76 FR 79682 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ...), 11 Sunrise Plaza, 307, Valley Stream, NY 11580. Officers: Vincent A. Sommella, Operations Manager... Airport, Cargo Plaza, Bldg. 87, Jamaica, NY 11430. Officers: Anna Shneyder, General Manager, (Qualifying..., (Qualifying Individual), Marta Witkowska, President/ Operations/Secretary. Application Type: New NVO &...

  1. 77 FR 43599 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... 60177, Officers: Marilou Pedres, Operation Manager, (Qualifying Individual), Jroel G. Pedres, President.... Del Cueto Gonzalez, President, (Qualifying Individual), Thomas D. Torcomian, General Manager..., Officers: Simon Preisler, General Manager, (Qualifying Individual), Frank J. Baragona,...

  2. 76 FR 56759 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ..., Corona, CA 92880. Officers: Xiaosong M. Liu, Operation Manager (Qualifying Individual), Xin S. Li..., Newark, NJ 07105. Officer: Hakeem K. Bisiolu, Member/Manager (Qualifying Individual), Application Type..., Trade & Marketing Manager (Qualifying Individual), Shariff Gonnella, Manager, Application Type: New...

  3. 78 FR 37540 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ..., Application Type: New NVO & OFF License. Allyn International Services, Inc. (OFF), 13391 McGregor Blvd., Fort... Inc. (NVO & OFF), 19920 Foxwood Forest Blvd., Suite 401, Humble, TX 77338, Officer: Mary...

  4. 75 FR 34139 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ..., Application Type: QI Change. Yang Kee Logistics USA Inc. (NVO), 880 Apollo Street, Suite 101, El Segundo, CA.../Director, Application Type: New NVO License. Dated: June 11, 2010. Karen V. Gregory, Secretary....

  5. 78 FR 21365 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... Container Line (NVO & OFF), 510 Plaza Drive, Suite 1210, Atlanta, GA 30349, Officers: John J. Laird... & OFF), 5587 Commonwealth Avenue, Jacksonville, FL 32254, Officers: Dewey E. Painter, Chief...

  6. 76 FR 41258 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ...), Alberto P. Martinez, Manager. Application Type: QI Change. Puerto Cortes Express, Inc. (NVO), 9930 NW 21st Street, 201, Miami, FL 33172. Officer: Jacqueline Reyes, President (Qualifying Individual)....

  7. 76 FR 9015 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-16

    ..., CA 90640. Officers: David Fernandes, Treasurer (Qualifying Individual), John Woo, President... Shipping (NVO & OFF), 5228 Fairlawn Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21215. Officer: Olubayo O. Bamisaye, Sole... Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205. Officer: Ilionele E. Okojie, Director/CEO (Qualifying...

  8. 76 FR 17862 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ...), David R. Price, Manager, Application Type: New NVO License. Madrigal Express, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 1789 NW..., Application Type: QI Change. Trans-Atlantic Agencies, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 9716 Pulaski Highway, Baltimore, MD 21220, Officers: David M. Keller, President, (Qualifying Individual), Donna J. Keller,...

  9. 78 FR 50054 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... Type: New NVO & OFF License. Icon Logistics Services LLC (OFF), 14725B Baltimore Avenue, Laurel, MD...:, Claude Sterling, President (QI), David Desrouleaux, Vice President, Application Type: Add NVO...

  10. 78 FR 66713 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... Avenue, Suite 102, Bel Air, MD 21014. Officers: Belinda E. Richardson, Vice President (QI), David S... Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224. Officers: Shannon Alexander, Secretary (QI), Curt Perry, Director...), Application Type: New OFF License. Icon Logistics Services LLC (OFF), 14725B Baltimore Avenue, Suite B,...

  11. 78 FR 75345 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... (NVO & OFF), 3517 Langrehr Road, Suite 111, Baltimore, MD 21244. Officers: Mathew Chacko, President (QI... Road, Rowland Heights, CA 91748. Officers: Jinyi Zhao, Vice President (QI), David Liu,...

  12. 76 FR 34993 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    .... 82nd Avenue, Doral, FL 33126. Date Revoked: May 13, 2011. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond... Street, Suite B, Miami, FL 33167. Date Revoked: May 4, 2011. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond..., Dania Beach, FL 33004. Date Revoked: May 4, 2011. Reason: Failed to maintain valid bonds. ]...

  13. 76 FR 2382 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    .... Officers: Gilbert Khoury, President/Secretary/ Director, (Qualifying Individual), George Romanos, Vice... Westfair West Drive, Houston, TX 77041. Officers: Gilbert Khoury, President/Director, (Qualifying.... (OFF), 535 Regal Row, Dallas, TX 75247. Officer: Gilbert R. Khoury, President, (Qualifying...

  14. 76 FR 65193 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... applicants have filed with the Federal Maritime Commission an application for a license as a Non-Vessel...) pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 as amended (46 U.S.C. chapter 409 and 46 CFR part 515...-Afanador, President/Secretary/ Treasurer/Dir., Application Type: Name Change. CR & J Logistics, Inc....

  15. 78 FR 78956 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... of Operations (QI), Todd Colin, CEO, Application Type: New NVO License GAL GROUP INC. (NVO & OFF...), 1720 NW. 94th Avenue, Miami, FL 33172, Officers: Jorge L. Garcia, President (QI), Nora V. Garcia, Vice... Type: QI Change Priority RoRo Services, Inc. (NVO), Pier 15, Miraflores Avenue, San Juan, PR...

  16. 76 FR 67189 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-31

    ... Inc. Address: 131 Industrial Avenue, Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 07604. Date Revoked: September 2, 2011... surrendered license. License Number: 2952F. Name: New York Customs Brokers Inc. Address: 148-02 Guy R. Brewer Blvd., Jamaica, NY 11434. Date Revoked: September 2, 2011. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid...

  17. 78 FR 14792 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Stachow, Stockholder. Application Type: New NVO & OFF License Art Van Lines USA, Inc. (NVO), , 501 Penhorn...: New NVO & OFF License Universal Shipping Lines LLC (NVO & OFF), 1810 Auger Drive, Suite G, Tucker,...

  18. 75 FR 8720 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. Chapter 409) and the regulations of the Commission... A.I.F. Company. Address: 200 E. Stanley Street, Compton, CA 90220. Date Revoked: January 12, 2010.... International, Inc. Address: 15001 South Broadway Street, Gardena, CA 90248. Date Revoked: January 8,...

  19. 75 FR 65017 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. chapter 409) and the regulations of the Commission...: 1000 E. 14th Street, Los Angeles, CA 90021. Date Revoked: September 16, 2010. Reason: Failed to... S. La Cienega Blvd., Inglewood, CA 90301. Date Revoked: September 13, 2010. Reason: Failed...

  20. 78 FR 49752 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-15

    ... reason shown pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101) effective on the date....: 16209N. Name: Amos Cargo Service, Inc. Address: 855 West Victoria Street, Unit G, Compton, CA 90220. Date... Express, Inc. Address: 2839 East 208th Street, Carson, CA 90810. Date Revoked: June 17, 2013....

  1. 78 FR 64941 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations and Terminations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... reason shown pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101) effective on the date..., Suite 900, Los Angeles, CA 90045. Date Revoked: August 14, 2013. Reason: Failed to maintain a valid bond... 77008. Date Revoked: September 9, 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. License No.:...

  2. 75 FR 57797 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. Chapter 409) and the regulations of the Commission...: Coastar Freight Services, Inc. Address: 10370 Slusher Drive, Unit 2, Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670. Date... Services. Address: 1010 Bluejay Drive, Suisun City, CA 94585. Date Revoked: August 23, 2010. Reason:...

  3. 78 FR 5440 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    .... Reason: Failed to maintain valid bonds. License No.: 004191NF. Name: Genesis Forwarding Group USA, Inc. dba Genesis Container Lines. Address: 800 Hindry Avenue, Units B-D, Inglewood, CA 90301. Date Revoked....: 020201F. Name: Genesis Forwarding Services CA, Inc. dba Genesis Container Lines. Address: 800...

  4. 77 FR 5014 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ..., Inc. Address: 12966 Euclid Street, Suite 250-D, Garden Grove, CA 92840. Date Revoked: December 16... 183rd Street, Room 204, Springfield Gardens, NY 11413. Date Revoked: December 27, 2011. Reason:...

  5. 78 FR 13343 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ....: 022332NF. Name: FS Goodship, LLC. Address: 699 Lively Blvd., Elk Grove Village, IL 60007. Date Revoked..., FL 33185. Date Revoked: January 30, 2013. Reason: Voluntary Surrender of License. Vern W....

  6. 77 FR 60434 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Revocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... a valid bond. License No.: 016727NF. Name: Cargo Express (Saipan), Inc. Address: Cargo Express Bldg., Lower Base Drive, Lower Base, Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands 96950. Date Revoked: August 25,...

  7. 7 CFR 17.8 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Ocean transportation. 17.8 Section 17.8 Agriculture... THE AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED § 17.8 Ocean transportation. (a) General. (1) This section applies to the financing of ocean freight or ocean freight...

  8. 7 CFR 17.8 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Ocean transportation. 17.8 Section 17.8 Agriculture... THE AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED § 17.8 Ocean transportation. (a) General. (1) This section applies to the financing of ocean freight or ocean freight...

  9. 7 CFR 17.8 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Ocean transportation. 17.8 Section 17.8 Agriculture... THE AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED § 17.8 Ocean transportation. (a) General. (1) This section applies to the financing of ocean freight or ocean freight...

  10. 7 CFR 17.8 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Ocean transportation. 17.8 Section 17.8 Agriculture... THE AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED § 17.8 Ocean transportation. (a) General. (1) This section applies to the financing of ocean freight or ocean freight...

  11. 76 FR 38177 - Falcon Shipping Inc., Abdiel Falcon-Application for a License as an Ocean Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... Falcon Shipping Inc., Abdiel Falcon--Application for a License as an Ocean Transportation Intermediary... application to operate as both a non-vessel-operating common carrier (NVOCC) and as a freight forwarder (FF... Falcon Shipping, as well as the qualifying individual identified in the license application. In...

  12. 22 CFR 228.21 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... implementing regulations in 46 CFR part 381 (and any waivers applicable thereto). Subpart D of 22 CFR part 228... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Ocean transportation. 228.21 Section 228.21... § 228.21 Ocean transportation. When transporting commodities subject to the provisions of the...

  13. 22 CFR 228.21 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... implementing regulations in 46 CFR part 381 (and any waivers applicable thereto). Subpart D of 22 CFR part 228... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Ocean transportation. 228.21 Section 228.21... § 228.21 Ocean transportation. When transporting commodities subject to the provisions of the...

  14. 22 CFR 228.21 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... implementing regulations in 46 CFR part 381 (and any waivers applicable thereto). Subpart D of 22 CFR part 228... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Ocean transportation. 228.21 Section 228.21... § 228.21 Ocean transportation. When transporting commodities subject to the provisions of the...

  15. 22 CFR 228.21 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ocean transportation. 228.21 Section 228.21... for USAID Financing § 228.21 Ocean transportation. (a) The Cargo Preference Act of 1954, Section 901(b)(1) of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, as amended, 46 U.S.C. 1241(b)(1), is applicable to...

  16. 22 CFR 228.21 - Ocean transportation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Ocean transportation. 228.21 Section 228.21... for USAID Financing § 228.21 Ocean transportation. (a) The Cargo Preference Act of 1954, Section 901(b)(1) of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, as amended, 46 U.S.C. 1241(b)(1), is applicable to...

  17. Chaotic transport in a double gyre ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Huijun; Liu, Zhengyu

    1994-04-01

    Lagrangian trajectories in a deterministic simple flow can exhibit complex behavior. This is called the chaotic advection, which can induce the chaotic transport and mixing (which oceanographers conventionally call stirring) in the fluid particles and fine structure in the tracer fields. We propose the chaotic transport as a gyre-scale transport mechansim in oceans. Our model ocean has double gyres, subtropical and subpolar gyres, driven by the surface wind. When the wind is allowed to seasonally migrate, the inter-gyre transport and across streamline transport within each gyre will be excited. The fastest inter-gyre transport occurs when the wind migrates about 1000km in north-south direction with a period of interannual to decadal time. The estimate of the effective diffusion coefficient by this gyre-scale mixing is about 3 × 107cm 2s-1, comparable to those derived for synoptical eddies. The results shed some light on gyre-scale exchange of water and heat flux in general oceans and implications for the studies of ocean climate. The concepts and methods used here will find applications in coastal oceanography, ocean biology and chemistry.

  18. Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhengguang; Wang, Wei; Qiu, Bo

    2014-07-18

    Oceanic transports of heat, salt, fresh water, dissolved CO2, and other tracers regulate global climate change and the distribution of natural marine resources. The time-mean ocean circulation transports fluid as a conveyor belt, but fluid parcels can also be trapped and transported discretely by migrating mesoscale eddies. By combining available satellite altimetry and Argo profiling float data, we showed that the eddy-induced zonal mass transport can reach a total meridionally integrated value of up to 30 to 40 sverdrups (Sv) (1 Sv = 10(6) cubic meters per second), and it occurs mainly in subtropical regions, where the background flows are weak. This transport is comparable in magnitude to that of the large-scale wind- and thermohaline-driven circulation. PMID:25035491

  19. Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhengguang; Wang, Wei; Qiu, Bo

    2014-07-18

    Oceanic transports of heat, salt, fresh water, dissolved CO2, and other tracers regulate global climate change and the distribution of natural marine resources. The time-mean ocean circulation transports fluid as a conveyor belt, but fluid parcels can also be trapped and transported discretely by migrating mesoscale eddies. By combining available satellite altimetry and Argo profiling float data, we showed that the eddy-induced zonal mass transport can reach a total meridionally integrated value of up to 30 to 40 sverdrups (Sv) (1 Sv = 10(6) cubic meters per second), and it occurs mainly in subtropical regions, where the background flows are weak. This transport is comparable in magnitude to that of the large-scale wind- and thermohaline-driven circulation.

  20. Transport processes near coastal ocean outfalls

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Noble, M.A.; Sherwood, C.R.; Lee, Hooi-Ling; Xu, Jie; Dartnell, P.; Robertson, G.; Martini, M.

    2001-01-01

    The central Southern California Bight is an urbanized coastal ocean where complex topography and largescale atmospheric and oceanographic forcing has led to numerous sediment-distribution patterns. Two large embayments, Santa Monica and San Pedro Bays, are connected by the short, very narrow shelf off the Palos Verdes peninsula. Ocean-sewage outfalls are located in the middle of Santa Monica Bay, on the Palos Verdes shelf and at the southeastern edge of San Pedro Bay. In 1992, the US Geological Survey, together with allied agencies, began a series of programs to determine the dominant processes that transport sediment and associated pollutants near the three ocean outfalls. As part of these programs, arrays of instrumented moorings that monitor currents, waves, water clarity, water density and collect resuspended materials were deployed on the continental shelf and slope information was also collected on the sediment and contaminant distributions in the region. The data and models developed for the Palos Verdes shelf suggest that the large reservoir of DDT/DDE in the coastal ocean sediments will continue to be exhumed and transported along the shelf for a long time. On the Santa Monica shelf, very large internal waves, or bores, are generated at the shelf break. The near-bottom currents associated with these waves sweep sediments and the associated contaminants from the shelf onto the continental slope. A new program underway on the San Pedro shelf will determine if water and contaminants from a nearby ocean outfall are transported to the local beaches by coastal ocean processes. The large variety of processes found that transport sediments and contaminants in this small region of the continental margin suggest that in regions with complex topography, local processes change markedly over small spatial scales. One cannot necessarily infer that the dominant transport processes will be similar even in adjacent regions.

  1. Increased ocean heat transports and warmer climate

    SciTech Connect

    Rind, D. ); Chandler, M. )

    1991-04-20

    The authors investigated the effect of increased ocean heat transports on climate in the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model (GCM). The warming is driven by the decreased sea ice/planetary albedo, a feedback which would appear to be instrumental for producing extreme high-latitude amplification of temperature changes. Resulting hydrologic and wind stress changes suggest that qualitatively the increased transports might be self-sustaining. As such, they would represent a possible mechanism to help account for the high-latitude warmth of climates in the Mesozoic and Tertiary, and decadal-scale climate fluctuations during the Holocene, as well as a powerful feedback to amplify other climate forcings. It is estimated that ocean transport increases of 50-70% would have been necessary to reproduce the warmth of various Mesozoic (65-230 m.y. ago) climates without changes in atmospheric composition, while the 15% increase used in these experiments would have been sufficient to reproduce the general climatic conditions of the Eocene (40-55 Ma). A companion experiment indicates that increased topography during the Cenozoic (0-65 Ma) might have altered the surface wind stress in a manner that led to reduced heat transports; this effect would then need to be considered in understanding the beginning of ice ages. The large high-latitude amplification associated with ocean heat transport and sea ice changes differs significantly from that forecast for increased trace gases, for which water vapor increase is the primary feedback mechanism. The different signatures might allow for discrimination of these different forcings; e.g., the warming of the 1930s looks more like the altered ocean heat transport signal, while the warming of the 1980s is more like the trace gas effect.

  2. Increased ocean heat transports and warmer climate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rind, D.; Chandler, M.

    1991-01-01

    The impact of an increased ocean heat transport on climate is investigated in the framework of the GISS GMC model described by Hansen et al. (1983), using two scenarios: one starting from warmer polar temperatures/no sea ice and the other from the current ocean conditions. A 20-percent increase in cross-equatorial heat transport was sufficient to melt all sea ice; it resulted in a climate that was 2 C warmer for the global average, with values some 20-deg warmer at high altitudes and 1-deg warmer near the equator. It is suggested that the hydrological and dynamical changes associated with this different climate regime may be self-sustaining and, as such, would account for the high-latitude warmth of climates in the Mesozoic and Tertiary periods and the decadenal-scale climate fluctuations during the Holocene.

  3. 76 FR 22106 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    .... Order Published: FR: 3/23/11 (Volume 76, No. 56, Pg. 16422). License Number: 020923NF. Name: Fast Logistics, Inc. Address: 3350 SW 3rd Avenue, Suite 207, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315. Order Published: FR:...

  4. 78 FR 42921 - Amendments to Regulations Governing Ocean Transportation Intermediary Licensing and Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... Licensing and Financial Responsibility Requirements, and General Duties AGENCY: Federal Maritime Commission... Commission proposes to amend its rules governing the licensing, financial responsibility requirements and... Rulemaking, published on May 31, 2013 (78 FR 32946), are due on or before August 30, 2013. ADDRESSES:...

  5. 78 FR 32945 - Amendments to Regulations Governing Ocean Transportation Intermediary Licensing and Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] Vol. 78 Friday, No. 105... establish a priority system to provide more protection for shippers. In order to provide better and more... 515.23(f) sets forth a mechanism for engaging the priority system established in sections...

  6. 76 FR 16421 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-23

    .... Address: 1082 Rogers Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11226. Order Published: FR: 2/25/11 (Volume 76, No. 38, Pg... Published: FR: 2/25/11 (Volume 76, No. 38, Pg. 10594). License Number: 019544NF. Name: Japan Star America... Published: FR: 2/25/11 (Volume 76, No. 38, Pg. 10594). License Number: 020577F. Name: Bosmak, Inc. dba...

  7. 76 FR 31963 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... Published: FR: 5/18/11 (Volume 76, No. 96, Pg. 28780) Sandra L. Kusumoto, Director, Bureau of Certification... pursuant to section 19 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. Chapter 409) and the regulations of...

  8. 77 FR 40882 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... Published: June 27, 2012 (77 FR 38289 DOC No. 2012-15700) Vern W. Hill, Director, Bureau of Certification... pursuant to section 40901 of the Shipping Act of 1984 (46 U.S.C. 40101). License Number: 022797N...

  9. 77 FR 22576 - Possible Revocation of Ocean Transportation Intermediary License No. 021899-Trans World Logistics...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... Corporation; Order To Show Cause Trans World Logistics Corporation (Trans World Logistics) is an Indiana.... 41302, 41304, 40903(a)(2), Trans World Logistics Corporation is directed to show cause, within 30 days... That notice of this Order to Show Cause be published in the Federal Register, and that a copy...

  10. 76 FR 41259 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... Number: 003628NF. Name: South American Freight International, Inc. Address: 9000 W. Flagler Street, Unit 5, Miami, FL 33174. Order Published: FR: 6/2/11 (Volume 76, No. 106, Pg. 31963-31964). Sandra...

  11. 46 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Guaranty Form [Form 68

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Applicant arising from... judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the FMC, or where all parties and claimants otherwise mutually... virtue of a compromise settlement agreement made with the Applicant and/or Guarantor pursuant to 46...

  12. 46 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Bond Form [Form 48

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 CFR part 515 and 520, and pursuant to section 19 of the 1984 Act, files this bond with the... available to pay any judgment or any settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Principal arising...

  13. 46 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Guaranty Form [Form 68

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Applicant arising from... judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the FMC, or where all parties and claimants otherwise mutually... virtue of a compromise settlement agreement made with the Applicant and/or Guarantor pursuant to 46...

  14. 46 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Bond Form [Form 48

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 CFR part 515 and 520, and pursuant to section 19 of the 1984 Act, files this bond with the... available to pay any judgment or any settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Principal arising...

  15. 46 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Guaranty Form [Form 68

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Applicant arising from... judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the FMC, or where all parties and claimants otherwise mutually... virtue of a compromise settlement agreement made with the Applicant and/or Guarantor pursuant to 46...

  16. 46 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Bond Form [Form 48

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 CFR part 515 and 520, and pursuant to section 19 of the 1984 Act, files this bond with the... available to pay any judgment or any settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Principal arising...

  17. 46 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Bond Form [Form 48

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 CFR part 515 and 520, and pursuant to section 19 of the 1984 Act, files this bond with the... available to pay any judgment or any settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Principal arising...

  18. 46 CFR Appendix A to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Bond Form [Form 48

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 CFR part 515 and 520, and pursuant to section 19 of the 1984 Act, files this bond with the... available to pay any judgment or any settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Principal arising...

  19. 46 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Guaranty Form [Form 68

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Applicant arising from... judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the FMC, or where all parties and claimants otherwise mutually... virtue of a compromise settlement agreement made with the Applicant and/or Guarantor pursuant to 46...

  20. 75 FR 44262 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... Number: 003486F. Name: Mozart Forwarding, Inc. Address: 535 Seaview Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06607. Order Published: FR: 3/10/2010 (Volume 75, No. 46 Pg. 11181). Sandra L. Kusumoto, Director, Bureau...

  1. 76 FR 2383 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Rescission of Order of Revocation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... Number: 020667N. Name: Atlas Logistics (U.S.A.), Inc. Address: 2401 E. Atlantic Blvd., Suite 310, Pompano Beach, FL 33062. Order Published: FR: 12/22/10 (Volume 75, No. 245, Pg. 80501). Sandra L....

  2. 46 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Guaranty Form [Form 68

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for damages against the Applicant arising from... judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the FMC, or where all parties and claimants otherwise mutually... virtue of a compromise settlement agreement made with the Applicant and/or Guarantor pursuant to 46...

  3. Possible role of oceanic heat transport in early Eocene climate.

    PubMed

    Sloan, L C; Walker, J C; Moore, T C

    1995-04-01

    Increased oceanic heat transport has often been cited as a means of maintaining warm high-latitude surface temperatures in many intervals of the geologic past, including the early Eocene. Although the excess amount of oceanic heat transport required by warm high latitude sea surface temperatures can be calculated empirically, determining how additional oceanic heat transport would take place has yet to be accomplished. That the mechanisms of enhanced poleward oceanic heat transport remain undefined in paleoclimate reconstructions is an important point that is often overlooked. Using early Eocene climate as an example, we consider various ways to produce enhanced poleward heat transport and latitudinal energy redistribution of the sign and magnitude required by interpreted early Eocene conditions. Our interpolation of early Eocene paleotemperature data indicate that an approximately 30% increase in poleward heat transport would be required to maintain Eocene high-latitude temperatures. This increased heat transport appears difficult to accomplish by any means of ocean circulation if we use present ocean circulation characteristics to evaluate early Eocene rates. Either oceanic processes were very different from those of the present to produce the early Eocene climate conditions or oceanic heat transport was not the primary cause of that climate. We believe that atmospheric processes, with contributions from other factors, such as clouds, were the most likely primary cause of early Eocene climate.

  4. The Importance of Planetary Rotation Period for Ocean Heat Transport

    PubMed Central

    Stevens, D.; Joshi, M.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The climate and, hence, potential habitability of a planet crucially depends on how its atmospheric and ocean circulation transports heat from warmer to cooler regions. However, previous studies of planetary climate have concentrated on modeling the dynamics of atmospheres, while dramatically simplifying the treatment of oceans, which neglects or misrepresents the effect of the ocean in the total heat transport. Even the majority of studies with a dynamic ocean have used a simple so-called aquaplanet that has no continental barriers, which is a configuration that dramatically changes the ocean dynamics. Here, the significance of the response of poleward ocean heat transport to planetary rotation period is shown with a simple meridional barrier—the simplest representation of any continental configuration. The poleward ocean heat transport increases significantly as the planetary rotation period is increased. The peak heat transport more than doubles when the rotation period is increased by a factor of ten. There are also significant changes to ocean temperature at depth, with implications for the carbon cycle. There is strong agreement between the model results and a scale analysis of the governing equations. This result highlights the importance of both planetary rotation period and the ocean circulation when considering planetary habitability. Key Words: Exoplanet—Oceans—Rotation—Climate—Habitability. Astrobiology 14, 645–650. PMID:25041658

  5. The importance of planetary rotation period for ocean heat transport.

    PubMed

    Cullum, J; Stevens, D; Joshi, M

    2014-08-01

    The climate and, hence, potential habitability of a planet crucially depends on how its atmospheric and ocean circulation transports heat from warmer to cooler regions. However, previous studies of planetary climate have concentrated on modeling the dynamics of atmospheres, while dramatically simplifying the treatment of oceans, which neglects or misrepresents the effect of the ocean in the total heat transport. Even the majority of studies with a dynamic ocean have used a simple so-called aquaplanet that has no continental barriers, which is a configuration that dramatically changes the ocean dynamics. Here, the significance of the response of poleward ocean heat transport to planetary rotation period is shown with a simple meridional barrier--the simplest representation of any continental configuration. The poleward ocean heat transport increases significantly as the planetary rotation period is increased. The peak heat transport more than doubles when the rotation period is increased by a factor of ten. There are also significant changes to ocean temperature at depth, with implications for the carbon cycle. There is strong agreement between the model results and a scale analysis of the governing equations. This result highlights the importance of both planetary rotation period and the ocean circulation when considering planetary habitability. PMID:25041658

  6. The importance of planetary rotation period for ocean heat transport.

    PubMed

    Cullum, J; Stevens, D; Joshi, M

    2014-08-01

    The climate and, hence, potential habitability of a planet crucially depends on how its atmospheric and ocean circulation transports heat from warmer to cooler regions. However, previous studies of planetary climate have concentrated on modeling the dynamics of atmospheres, while dramatically simplifying the treatment of oceans, which neglects or misrepresents the effect of the ocean in the total heat transport. Even the majority of studies with a dynamic ocean have used a simple so-called aquaplanet that has no continental barriers, which is a configuration that dramatically changes the ocean dynamics. Here, the significance of the response of poleward ocean heat transport to planetary rotation period is shown with a simple meridional barrier--the simplest representation of any continental configuration. The poleward ocean heat transport increases significantly as the planetary rotation period is increased. The peak heat transport more than doubles when the rotation period is increased by a factor of ten. There are also significant changes to ocean temperature at depth, with implications for the carbon cycle. There is strong agreement between the model results and a scale analysis of the governing equations. This result highlights the importance of both planetary rotation period and the ocean circulation when considering planetary habitability.

  7. Pacific Array (Transportable Broadband Ocean Floor Array)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawakatsu, Hitoshi; Ekstrom, Goran; Evans, Rob; Forsyth, Don; Gaherty, Jim; Kennett, Brian; Montagner, Jean-Paul; Utada, Hisashi

    2016-04-01

    Based on recent developments on broadband ocean bottom seismometry, we propose a next generation large-scale array experiment in the ocean. Recent advances in ocean bottom broadband seismometry1, together with advances in the seismic analysis methodology, have enabled us to resolve the regional 1-D structure of the entire lithosphere/asthenosphere system, including seismic anisotropy (azimuthal, and hopefully radial), with deployments of ~15 broadband ocean bottom seismometers (BBOBSs). Having ~15 BBOBSs as an array unit for a 2-year deployment, and repeating such deployments in a leap-frog way or concurrently (an array of arrays) for a decade or so would enable us to cover a large portion of the Pacific basin. Such efforts, not only by giving regional constraints on the 1-D structure beneath Pacific ocean, but also by sharing waveform data for global scale waveform tomography, would drastically increase our knowledge of how plate tectonics works on this planet, as well as how it worked for the past 150 million years. International collaborations is essential: if three countries/institutions participate this endeavor together, Pacific Array may be accomplished within five-or-so years.

  8. Ocean transport and variability studies of the South Pacific, Southern, and Indian Oceans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Church, John A.; Cresswell, G. R.; Nilsson, C. S.; Mcdougall, T. J.; Coleman, R.; Rizos, C.; Penrose, J.; Hunter, J. R.; Lynch, M. J.

    1991-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to analyze ocean dynamics in the western South Pacific and the adjacent Southern Ocean and the eastern Indian Ocean. Specifically, our objectives for these three regions are, for the South Pacific Ocean: (1) To estimate the volume transport of the east Australian Current (EAC) along the Australian coast and in the Tasman Front, and to estimate the time variability (on seasonal and interannual time scales) of this transport. (2) To contribute to estimating the meridional heat and freshwater fluxes (and their variability) at about 30 deg S. Good estimates of the transport in the western boundary current are essential for accurate estimates of these fluxes. (3) To determine how the EAC transport (and its extension, the Tasman Front and the East Auckland Current) closes the subtropical gyre of the South Pacific and to better determine the structure at the confluence of this current and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. (4) To examine the structure and time variability of the circulation in the western South Pacific and the adjacent Southern Ocean, particularly at the Tasman Front. For the Indian Ocean: (5) To study the seasonal interannual variations in the strength of the Leeuwin Current. (6) To monitor the Pacific-Indian Ocean throughflow and the South Equatorial and the South Java Currents between northwest Australia and Indonesia. (7) To study the processes that form the water of the permanent oceanic thermocline and, in particular, the way in which new thermocline water enters the permanent thermocline in late winter and early spring as the mixed layer restratifies. For the Southern Ocean: (8) To study the mesoscale and meridional structure of the Southern Ocean between 150 deg E and 170 deg E; in particular, to describe the Antarctic frontal system south of Tasmania and determine its interannual variability; to estimate the exchanges of heat, salt, and other properties between the Indian and Pacific Oceans; and to investigate the

  9. Analysis of Low-Frequency Geostrophic Transport in the Southern Ocean Measurable with Ocean Bottom Pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer, J.; Chambers, D. P.

    2015-12-01

    We sought to understand the relative importance of barotropic transport as measured from bottom pressure to total transport in the Southern Ocean. We used ocean bottom pressure and velocity data from the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO) state estimate run at Jet Propulsion Laboratory to quantify the percentage of total transport in various areas of the Southern Ocean that can be explained by ocean bottom pressure measurements. Only low-frequency (> 1-year) transport variations from 1993 to 2011 were considered. We examined the standard deviations, correlation, and percent variance for low-pass filtered transport integrated from 65°S - 40°S for each 1° longitude from 50°E to 150°E by vertically integrating the zonal velocity, the zonal component of the bottom current, and geostrophic current from bottom pressure gradients. We found that the transport computed from bottom pressure explained more of the full transport variability than that calculated from the bottom current.

  10. Energy transports by ocean and atmosphere based on an entropy extremum principle. I - Zonal averaged transports

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, Byung-Ju; Smith, Eric A.

    1993-01-01

    The maximum entropy production principle suggested by Paltridge (1975) is applied to separating the satellite-determined required total transports into atmospheric and oceanic components. Instead of using the excessively restrictive equal energy dissipation hypothesis as a deterministic tool for separating transports between the atmosphere and ocean fluids, the satellite-inferred required 2D energy transports are imposed on Paltridge's energy balance model, which is then solved as a variational problem using the equal energy dissipation hypothesis only to provide an initial guess field. It is suggested that Southern Ocean transports are weaker than previously reported. It is argued that a maximum entropy production principle can serve as a governing rule on macroscale global climate, and, in conjunction with conventional satellite measurements of the net radiation balance, provides a means to decompose atmosphere and ocean transports from the total transport field.

  11. LARGE-SCALE CO2 TRANSPORTATION AND DEEP OCEAN SEQUESTRATION

    SciTech Connect

    Hamid Sarv

    1999-03-01

    Technical and economical feasibility of large-scale CO{sub 2} transportation and ocean sequestration at depths of 3000 meters or grater was investigated. Two options were examined for transporting and disposing the captured CO{sub 2}. In one case, CO{sub 2} was pumped from a land-based collection center through long pipelines laid on the ocean floor. Another case considered oceanic tanker transport of liquid carbon dioxide to an offshore floating structure for vertical injection to the ocean floor. In the latter case, a novel concept based on subsurface towing of a 3000-meter pipe, and attaching it to the offshore structure was considered. Budgetary cost estimates indicate that for distances greater than 400 km, tanker transportation and offshore injection through a 3000-meter vertical pipe provides the best method for delivering liquid CO{sub 2} to deep ocean floor depressions. For shorter distances, CO{sub 2} delivery by parallel-laid, subsea pipelines is more cost-effective. Estimated costs for 500-km transport and storage at a depth of 3000 meters by subsea pipelines and tankers were 1.5 and 1.4 dollars per ton of stored CO{sub 2}, respectively. At these prices, economics of ocean disposal are highly favorable. Future work should focus on addressing technical issues that are critical to the deployment of a large-scale CO{sub 2} transportation and disposal system. Pipe corrosion, structural design of the transport pipe, and dispersion characteristics of sinking CO{sub 2} effluent plumes have been identified as areas that require further attention. Our planned activities in the next Phase include laboratory-scale corrosion testing, structural analysis of the pipeline, analytical and experimental simulations of CO{sub 2} discharge and dispersion, and the conceptual economic and engineering evaluation of large-scale implementation.

  12. Chaotic Lagrangian transport and mixing in the ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prants, S. V.

    2014-12-01

    Dynamical systems theory approach has been successfully used in physical oceanography for the last two decades to study mixing and transport of water masses in the ocean. The basic theoretical ideas have been borrowed from the phenomenon of chaotic advection in fluids, an analogue of dynamical Hamiltonian chaos in mechanics. The starting point for analysis is a velocity field obtained by this or that way. Being motivated by successful applications of that approach to simplified analytic models of geophysical fluid flows, researchers now work with satellite-derived velocity fields and outputs of sophisticated numerical models of ocean circulation. This review article gives an introduction to some of the basic concepts and methods used to study chaotic mixing and transport in the ocean and a brief overview of recent results with some practical applications of Lagrangian tools to monitor spreading of Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean.

  13. Freshwater and heat transports from global ocean synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valdivieso, M.; Haines, K.; Zuo, H.; Lea, D.

    2014-01-01

    An eddy-permitting ¼° global ocean reanalysis based on the Operational Met Office FOAM data assimilation system has been run for 1989-2010 forced by ERA-Interim meteorology. Freshwater and heat transports are compared with published estimates globally and in each basin, with special focus on the Atlantic. The meridional transports agree with observations within errors at most locations, but where eddies are active the transports by the mean flow are nearly always in better agreement than the total transports. Eddy transports are down gradient and are enhanced relative to a free run. They may oppose or reinforce mean transports and provide 40-50% of the total transport near midlatitude fronts, where eddies with time scales <1 month provide up to 15%. Basin-scale freshwater convergences are calculated with the Arctic/Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans north of 32°S, all implying net evaporation of 0.33 ± 0.04 Sv, 0.65 ± 0.07 Sv, and 0.09 ± 0.04 Sv, respectively, within the uncertainty of observations in the Atlantic and Pacific. The Indian is more evaporative and the Southern Ocean has more precipitation (1.07 Sv). Air-sea fluxes are modified by assimilation influencing turbulent heat fluxes and evaporation. Generally, surface and assimilation fluxes together match the meridional transports, indicating that the reanalysis is close to a steady state. Atlantic overturning and gyre transports are assessed with overturning freshwater transports southward at all latitudes. At 26°N eddy transports are negligible, overturning transport is 0.67 ± 0.19 Sv southward and gyre transport is 0.44 ± 0.17 Sv northward, with divergence between 26°N and the Bering Strait of 0.13 ± 0.23 Sv over 2004-2010.

  14. Climate in the Absence of Ocean Heat Transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rose, B. E. J.

    2015-12-01

    The energy transported by the oceans to mid- and high latitudes is small compared to the atmosphere, yet exerts an outsized influence on the climate. A key reason is the strong interaction between ocean heat transport (OHT) and sea ice extent. I quantify this by comparing a realistic control climate simulation with a slab ocean simulation in which OHT is disabled. Using the state-of-the-art CESM with a realistic present-day continental configuration, I show that the absence of OHT leads to a 23 K global cooling and massive expansion of sea ice to near 30º latitude in both hemisphere. The ice expansion is asymmetric, with greatest extent in the South Pacific and South Indian ocean basins. I discuss implications of this enormous and asymmetric climate change for atmospheric circulation, heat transport, and tropical precipitation. Parameter sensitivity studies show that the simulated climate is far more sensitive to small changes in ice surface albedo in the absence of OHT, with some perturbations sufficient to cause a runaway Snowball Earth glaciation. I conclude that the oceans are responsible for an enormous global warming by mitigating an otherwise very potent sea ice albedo feedback, but that the magnitude of this effect is still rather uncertain. I will also present some ideas on adapting the simple energy balance model to account for the enhanced sensitivity of sea ice to heating from the ocean.

  15. Atmospheric and oceanic freshwater transport during weak Atlantic overturning circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lohmann, Gerrit

    2003-10-01

    Oceanic and atmospheric freshwater transports are analyzed in a numerical experiment where induced freshwater in the North Atlantic slowed the thermohaline circulation (THC). During times of weak Atlantic overturning circulation, it is found that the Intertropical Convergence Zone moves southward and trade winds at tropical latitudes increase, resulting in enhanced water vapor export out of the Atlantic catchment area. The experiment reveals furthermore that the oceanic freshwater transport amounts to a stabilizing effect of similar magnitude to the atmospheric effect. It is argued that the modeled response can be used as a fingerprint for the detection of THC changes documented in the paleoclimatic record or related recent climate change.

  16. Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Armour, Kyle C.; Marshall, John; Scott, Jeffery R.; Donohoe, Aaron; Newsom, Emily R.

    2016-07-01

    The Southern Ocean has shown little warming over recent decades, in stark contrast to the rapid warming observed in the Arctic. Along the northern flank of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, however, the upper ocean has warmed substantially. Here we present analyses of oceanographic observations and general circulation model simulations showing that these patterns--of delayed warming south of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and enhanced warming to the north--are fundamentally shaped by the Southern Ocean's meridional overturning circulation: wind-driven upwelling of unmodified water from depth damps warming around Antarctica; greenhouse gas-induced surface heat uptake is largely balanced by anomalous northward heat transport associated with the equatorward flow of surface waters; and heat is preferentially stored where surface waters are subducted to the north. Further, these processes are primarily due to passive advection of the anomalous warming signal by climatological ocean currents; changes in ocean circulation are secondary. These findings suggest the Southern Ocean responds to greenhouse gas forcing on the centennial, or longer, timescale over which the deep ocean waters that are upwelled to the surface are warmed themselves. It is against this background of gradual warming that multidecadal Southern Ocean temperature trends must be understood.

  17. Atmospheric transport of iron and its deposition in the ocean

    SciTech Connect

    Duce, R.A.; Tindale, N.W. )

    1991-12-01

    The atmospheric transport of continental weathering products is responsible for much of the mineral material and Fe entering the open ocean and is probably the dominant source of nutrient Fe in the photic zone. In regions where other nutrients are present in high concentrations, the flux of Fe from the atmosphere may be a limiting factor in primary productivity. Due to the larger source regions for dust north of the equator, {approximately}8 times more atmospheric Fe is deposited in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere. The mineral aerosol and Fe transport and deposition are highly variable due to the episodic nature of dust generation and its transport and deposition processes. Between 10 and 50% of the total atmospheric Fe entering the world ocean appears to dissolve rapidly when the mineral matter enters the ocean. Much of the atmospheric Fe is present as Fe(II), apparently produced as a result of photochemical reduction reactions taking place during atmospheric transport. This readily soluble Fe(II) should be available immediately for use as a nutrient by phytoplankton. Atmospheric transport from the continents is estimated to supply {approximately}3 times as much dissolved Fe to the oceans as that delivered via rivers.

  18. Interpreting the implied meridional oceanic energy transport in AMIP

    SciTech Connect

    Randall, D.A.; Gleckler, P.J.

    1993-09-01

    The Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) was outlined in Paper No. CLIM VAR 2.3 (entitled {open_quote}The validation of ocean surface heat fluxes in AMIP`) of these proceedings. Preliminary results of AMIP subproject No. 5 were also summarized. In particular, zonally averaged ocean surface heat fluxes resulting from various AMIP simulations were intercompared, and to the extent possible they were validated with uncertainties in observationally-based estimates of surface heat fluxes. The intercomparison is continued in this paper by examining the Oceanic Meridional Energy Transport (OMET) implied by the net surface heat fluxes of the AMIP simulations. As with the surface heat fluxes of the AMIP simulations. As with the surface heat fluxes, the perspective here will be very cursory. The annual mean implied ocean heat transport can be estimated by integrating the zonally averaged net ocean surface heat flux, N{sub sfc}, from one pole to the other. In AGCM simulations (and perhaps reality), the global mean N{sub sfc} is typically not in exact balance when averaged over one or more years. Because of this, an important assumption must be made about changes in the distribution of energy in the oceans. Otherwise, the integration will yield a non-zero transport at the endpoint of integration (pole) which is not physically realistic. Here the authors will only look at 10-year means of the AMIP runs, and for simplicity they assume that any long term imbalance in the global averaged N{sub sfc} will be sequestered (or released) over the global ocean. Tests have demonstrated that the treatment of how the global average energy imbalance is assumed to be distributed is important, especially when the long term imbalances are in excess of 10 W m{sup {minus}2}. However, this has not had a substantial impact on the qualitative features of the implied heat transport of the AMIP simulations examined thus far.

  19. AMOC sensitivity to surface buoyancy fluxes: Stronger ocean meridional heat transport with a weaker volume transport?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sévellec, Florian; Fedorov, Alexey V.

    2016-09-01

    Oceanic northward heat transport is commonly assumed to be positively correlated with the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). For example, in numerical "water-hosing" experiments, imposing anomalous freshwater fluxes in the northern Atlantic leads to a slow-down of the AMOC and the corresponding reduction of oceanic northward heat transport. Here, we study the sensitivity of the ocean heat and volume transports to surface heat and freshwater fluxes using a generalized stability analysis. For the sensitivity to surface freshwater fluxes, we find that, while the direct relationship between the AMOC volume and heat transports holds on shorter time scales, it can reverse on timescales longer than 500 years or so. That is, depending on the model surface boundary conditions, reduction in the AMOC volume transport can potentially lead to a stronger heat transport on long timescales, resulting from the gradual increase in ocean thermal stratification. We discuss the implications of these results for the problem of steady state (statistical equilibrium) in ocean and climate GCM as well as paleoclimate problems including millennial climate variability.

  20. 48 CFR 247.573-2 - Direct purchase of ocean transportation services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Direct purchase of ocean... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-2 Direct purchase of ocean transportation services. (a) This subsection applies when...

  1. 48 CFR 247.573-2 - Direct purchase of ocean transportation services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Direct purchase of ocean... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-2 Direct purchase of ocean transportation services. (a) This subsection applies when...

  2. 48 CFR 247.573-2 - Direct purchase of ocean transportation services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Direct purchase of ocean... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-2 Direct purchase of ocean transportation services. (a) This subsection applies when...

  3. 48 CFR 247.573-2 - Direct purchase of ocean transportation services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Direct purchase of ocean... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-2 Direct purchase of ocean transportation services. (a) This subsection applies when...

  4. An oceanic heat transport pathway to the Amundsen Sea Embayment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez, Angelica R.; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Gille, Sarah T.

    2016-05-01

    The Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) on the West Antarctic coastline has been identified as a region of accelerated glacial melting. A Southern Ocean State Estimate (SOSE) is analyzed over the 2005-2010 time period in the Amundsen Sea region. The SOSE oceanic heat budget reveals that the contribution of parameterized small-scale mixing to the heat content of the ASE waters is small compared to advection and local air-sea heat flux, both of which contribute significantly to the heat content of the ASE waters. Above the permanent pycnocline, the local air-sea flux dominates the heat budget and is controlled by seasonal changes in sea ice coverage. Overall, between 2005 and 2010, the model shows a net heating in the surface above the pycnocline within the ASE. Sea water below the permanent pycnocline is isolated from the influence of air-sea heat fluxes, and thus, the divergence of heat advection is the major contributor to increased oceanic heat content of these waters. Oceanic transport of mass and heat into the ASE is dominated by the cross-shelf input and is primarily geostrophic below the permanent pycnocline. Diagnosis of the time-mean SOSE vorticity budget along the continental shelf slope indicates that the cross-shelf transport is sustained by vorticity input from the localized wind-stress curl over the shelf break.

  5. Mechanisms of the meridional heat transport in the Southern Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volkov, Denis L.; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Lee, Tong

    2010-08-01

    The Southern Ocean (SO) transports heat towards Antarctica and plays an important role in determining the heat budget of the Antarctic climate system. A global ocean data synthesis product at eddy-permitting resolution from the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean, Phase II (ECCO2) project is used to estimate the meridional heat transport (MHT) in the SO and to analyze its mechanisms. Despite the intense eddy activity, we demonstrate that most of the poleward MHT in the SO is due to the time-mean fields of the meridional velocity, V, and potential temperature, θ. This is because the mean circulation in the SO is not strictly zonal. The Antarctic Circumpolar Current carries warm waters from the region south of the Agulhas Retroflection to the lower latitudes of the Drake Passage and the Malvinas Current carries cold waters northward along the Argentinian shelf. Correlations between the time-varying fields of V and θ (defined as transient processes) significantly contribute to the horizontal-gyre heat transport, but not the overturning heat transport. In the highly energetic regions of the Agulhas Retroflection and the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence the contribution of the horizontal transient processes to the total MHT exceeds the contribution of the mean horizontal flow. We show that the southward total MHT is mainly maintained by the meridional excursion of the mean geostrophic horizontal shear flow (i.e., deviation from the zonal average) associated with the Antarctic Circumpolar Current that balances the equatorward MHT due to the Ekman transport and provides a net poleward MHT in the SO. The Indian sector of the SO serves as the main pathway for the poleward MHT.

  6. 46 CFR Appendix D to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Group Bond Form [FMC-69

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) against the OTIs enumerated in Appendix A of... persons who have obtained a judgment or made a settlement pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... complied with the procedures for collecting on such a judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the...

  7. 46 CFR Appendix D to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Group Bond Form [FMC-69

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) against the OTIs enumerated in Appendix A of... persons who have obtained a judgment or made a settlement pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... complied with the procedures for collecting on such a judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the...

  8. 46 CFR Appendix D to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Group Bond Form [FMC-69

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) against the OTIs enumerated in Appendix A of... persons who have obtained a judgment or made a settlement pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... complied with the procedures for collecting on such a judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the...

  9. 46 CFR Appendix D to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Group Bond Form [FMC-69

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) against the OTIs enumerated in Appendix A of... persons who have obtained a judgment or made a settlement pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... complied with the procedures for collecting on such a judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the...

  10. 46 CFR Appendix D to Subpart C of... - Ocean Transportation Intermediary (OTI) Group Bond Form [FMC-69

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... settlement made pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) against the OTIs enumerated in Appendix A of... persons who have obtained a judgment or made a settlement pursuant to a claim under 46 CFR § 515.23(b) for... complied with the procedures for collecting on such a judgment pursuant to 46 CFR § 515.23(b), the...

  11. Heat and salt transport throughout the North Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Lina; Yuan, Dongliang

    2016-11-01

    Absolute geostrophic currents in the North Pacific Ocean are calculated using the P-vector method and gridded Argo profiling data from January 2004 to December 2012. Three-dimensional structures and seasonal variability of meridional heat transport (MHT) and meridional salt transport (MST) are analyzed. The results show that geostrophic and Ekman components are generally opposite in sign, with the southward geostrophic component dominating in the subtropics and the northward Ekman component dominating in the tropics. In combination with the net surface heat flux and the MST through the Bering Strait, the MHT and MST of the western boundary currents (WBCs) are estimated for the first time. The results suggest that the WBCs are of great importance in maintaining the heat and salt balance of the North Pacific. The total interior MHT and MST in the tropics show nearly the same seasonal variability as that of the Ekman components, consistent with the variability of zonal wind stress. The geostrophic MHT in the tropics is mainly concentrated in the upper layers, while MST with large amplitude and annual variation can extend much deeper. This suggests that shallow processes dominate MHT in the North Pacific, while MST can be affected by deep ocean circulation. In the extratropical ocean, both MHT and MST are weak. However, there is relatively large and irregular seasonal variability of geostrophic MST, suggesting the importance of the geostrophic circulation in the MST of that area.

  12. Heat and salt transport throughout the North Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Lina; Yuan, Dongliang

    2016-03-01

    Absolute geostrophic currents in the North Pacific Ocean are calculated using the P-vector method and gridded Argo profiling data from January 2004 to December 2012. Three-dimensional structures and seasonal variability of meridional heat transport (MHT) and meridional salt transport (MST) are analyzed. The results show that geostrophic and Ekman components are generally opposite in sign, with the southward geostrophic component dominating in the subtropics and the northward Ekman component dominating in the tropics. In combination with the net surface heat flux and the MST through the Bering Strait, the MHT and MST of the western boundary currents (WBCs) are estimated for the first time. The results suggest that the WBCs are of great importance in maintaining the heat and salt balance of the North Pacific. The total interior MHT and MST in the tropics show nearly the same seasonal variability as that of the Ekman components, consistent with the variability of zonal wind stress. The geostrophic MHT in the tropics is mainly concentrated in the upper layers, while MST with large amplitude and annual variation can extend much deeper. This suggests that shallow processes dominate MHT in the North Pacific, while MST can be affected by deep ocean circulation. In the extratropical ocean, both MHT and MST are weak. However, there is relatively large and irregular seasonal variability of geostrophic MST, suggesting the importance of the geostrophic circulation in the MST of that area.

  13. Transport of continental air to the subantarctic Indian Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Balkanski, Yves J.; Jacob, Daniel J.

    1990-01-01

    The occurrence of high Rn-222 episodes (radonic storms) observed at three islands (Crozet, Kerguelen, and Amsterdam) in the subantarctic Indian Ocean is simulated using a three-dimensional chemical tracer model. The chemical tracer model is described and the simulated time series of Rn-222 concentrations at the three islands are compared to observations. The origin, seasonal frequencies, and periodicities of the storms are examined. It is found that the storms are due to fast boundary layer advection of air from South Africa, made possible by the conjunction of a subtropical high SE of Madagascar and a midlatitudes low off the southern tip of Africa. The implications of the results for the transport of continental air to the subantarctic Indian Ocean are discussed.

  14. Transporting Ocean Viromes: Invasion of the Aquatic Biosphere

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Yiseul; Aw, Tiong Gim; Rose, Joan B.

    2016-01-01

    Studies of marine viromes (viral metagenomes) have revealed that DNA viruses are highly diverse and exhibit biogeographic patterns. However, little is known about the diversity of RNA viruses, which are mostly composed of eukaryotic viruses, and their biogeographic patterns in the oceans. A growth in global commerce and maritime traffic may accelerate spread of diverse and non-cosmopolitan DNA viruses and potentially RNA viruses from one part of the world to another. Here, we demonstrated through metagenomic analyses that failure to comply with mid-ocean ballast water exchange regulation could result in movement of viromes including both DNA viruses and RNA viruses (including potential viral pathogens) unique to geographic and environmental niches. Furthermore, our results showed that virus richness (known and unknown viruses) in ballast water is associated with distance between ballast water exchange location and its nearest shoreline as well as length of water storage time in ballast tanks (voyage duration). However, richness of only known viruses is governed by local environmental conditions and different viral groups have different responses to environmental variation. Overall, these results identified ballast water as a factor contributing to ocean virome transport and potentially increased exposure of the aquatic bioshpere to viral invasion. PMID:27055282

  15. Transporting Ocean Viromes: Invasion of the Aquatic Biosphere.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yiseul; Aw, Tiong Gim; Rose, Joan B

    2016-01-01

    Studies of marine viromes (viral metagenomes) have revealed that DNA viruses are highly diverse and exhibit biogeographic patterns. However, little is known about the diversity of RNA viruses, which are mostly composed of eukaryotic viruses, and their biogeographic patterns in the oceans. A growth in global commerce and maritime traffic may accelerate spread of diverse and non-cosmopolitan DNA viruses and potentially RNA viruses from one part of the world to another. Here, we demonstrated through metagenomic analyses that failure to comply with mid-ocean ballast water exchange regulation could result in movement of viromes including both DNA viruses and RNA viruses (including potential viral pathogens) unique to geographic and environmental niches. Furthermore, our results showed that virus richness (known and unknown viruses) in ballast water is associated with distance between ballast water exchange location and its nearest shoreline as well as length of water storage time in ballast tanks (voyage duration). However, richness of only known viruses is governed by local environmental conditions and different viral groups have different responses to environmental variation. Overall, these results identified ballast water as a factor contributing to ocean virome transport and potentially increased exposure of the aquatic bioshpere to viral invasion.

  16. Transporting Ocean Viromes: Invasion of the Aquatic Biosphere.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yiseul; Aw, Tiong Gim; Rose, Joan B

    2016-01-01

    Studies of marine viromes (viral metagenomes) have revealed that DNA viruses are highly diverse and exhibit biogeographic patterns. However, little is known about the diversity of RNA viruses, which are mostly composed of eukaryotic viruses, and their biogeographic patterns in the oceans. A growth in global commerce and maritime traffic may accelerate spread of diverse and non-cosmopolitan DNA viruses and potentially RNA viruses from one part of the world to another. Here, we demonstrated through metagenomic analyses that failure to comply with mid-ocean ballast water exchange regulation could result in movement of viromes including both DNA viruses and RNA viruses (including potential viral pathogens) unique to geographic and environmental niches. Furthermore, our results showed that virus richness (known and unknown viruses) in ballast water is associated with distance between ballast water exchange location and its nearest shoreline as well as length of water storage time in ballast tanks (voyage duration). However, richness of only known viruses is governed by local environmental conditions and different viral groups have different responses to environmental variation. Overall, these results identified ballast water as a factor contributing to ocean virome transport and potentially increased exposure of the aquatic bioshpere to viral invasion. PMID:27055282

  17. Correlated signals and causal transport in ocean circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeffress, Stephen

    2014-05-01

    This paper presents a framework for interpreting the time-lagged correlation of oceanographic data in terms of physical transport mechanisms. Previous studies have inferred aspects of ocean circulation by correlating fluctuations in temperature and salinity measurements at distant stations. Typically, the time-lag of greatest correlation is interpreted as an advective transit time and hence the advective speed of the current. In this paper we relate correlation functions directly to the underlying equations of fluid transport. This is accomplished by expressing the correlation functions in terms of the Green's function of the transport equation. Two types of correlation functions are distinguished: field-forcing correlation and field-field correlation. Their unique relationships to the Green's function are illustrated in two idealized models of geophysical transport: a leaky pipe model and an advective-diffusive model. Both models show that the field-forcing correlation function converges to the Green's function as the characteristic (time or length) scale of forcing autocorrelation decreases. The leaky pipe model provides an explanation for why advective speeds inferred from time-lagged correlations are often less than the speed of the main current. The advective-diffusive model reveals a structural bias in the field-field correlation function when used to estimate transit times.

  18. Mercury distribution and transport across the ocean-sea-ice-atmosphere interface in the Arctic Ocean.

    PubMed

    Chaulk, Amanda; Stern, Gary A; Armstrong, Debbie; Barber, David G; Wang, Feiyue

    2011-03-01

    The Arctic sea-ice environment has been undergoing dramatic changes in the past decades; to which extent this will affect the deposition, fate, and effects of chemical contaminants remains virtually unknown. Here, we report the first study on the distribution and transport of mercury (Hg) across the ocean-sea-ice-atmosphere interface in the Southern Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean. Despite being sampled at different sites under various atmospheric and snow cover conditions, Hg concentrations in first-year ice cores were generally low and varied within a remarkably narrow range (0.5-4 ng L(-1)), with the highest concentration always in the surface granular ice layer which is characterized by enriched particle and brine pocket concentration. Atmospheric Hg depletion events appeared not to be an important factor in determining Hg concentrations in sea ice except for frost flowers and in the melt season when snowpack Hg leaches into the sea ice. The multiyear ice core showed a unique cyclic feature in the Hg profile with multiple peaks potentially corresponding to each ice growing/melting season. The highest Hg concentrations (up to 70 ng L(-1)) were found in sea-ice brine and decrease as the melt season progresses. As brine is the primary habitat for microbial communities responsible for sustaining the food web in the Arctic Ocean, the high and seasonally changing Hg concentrations in brine and its potential transformation may have a major impact on Hg uptake in Arctic marine ecosystems under a changing climate.

  19. 46 CFR 545.3 - Interpretation of § 515.23(b) of this chapter-Payment pursuant to a claim against an ocean...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Interpretation of § 515.23(b) of this chapter-Payment pursuant to a claim against an ocean transportation intermediary. 545.3 Section 545.3 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE INTERPRETATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 545.3 Interpretation of...

  20. Coastal ocean transport patterns in the central Southern California Bight

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Noble, M.A.; Rosenberger, K.J.; Hamilton, P.; Xu, J. P.

    2009-01-01

    In the past decade, several large programs that monitor currents and transport patterns for periods from a few months to a few years were conducted by a consortium of university, federal, state, and municipal agencies in the central Southern California Bight, a heavily urbanized section of the coastal ocean off the west coast of the United States encompassing Santa Monica Bay, San Pedro Bay, and the Palos Verdes shelf. These programs were designed in part to determine how alongshelf and cross-shelf currents move sediments, pollutants, and suspended material through the region. Analysis of the data sets showed that the current patterns in this portion of the Bight have distinct changes in frequency and amplitude with location, in part because the topography of the shelf and upper slope varies rapidly over small spatial scales. However, because the mean, subtidal, and tidal-current patterns in any particular location were reasonably stable with time, one could determine a regional pattern for these current fields in the central Southern California Bight even though measurements at the various locations were obtained at different times. In particular, because the mean near-surface flows over the San Pedro and Palos Verdes shelves are divergent, near-surface waters from the upper slope tend to carry suspended material onto the shelf in the northwestern portion of San Pedro Bay. Water and suspended material are also carried off the shelf by the mean and subtidal flow fields in places where the orientation of the shelf break changes abruptly. The barotropic tidal currents in the central Southern California Bight flow primarily alongshore, but they have pronounced amplitude variations over relatively small changes in alongshelf location that are not totally predicted by numerical tidal models. Nonlinear internal tides and internal bores at tidal frequencies are oriented more across the shelf. They do not have a uniform transport direction, since they move fine sediment

  1. 48 CFR 247.573-2 - Direct purchase of ocean transportation services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... determinations— (A) For voyage and time charters, through the Contracts and Business Management Directorate, MSC... Contracts and Business Management Directorate, MSC; or (B) The Commander, SDDC, through the Principal... REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by...

  2. Global estimation of freshwater fluxes and freshwater oceanic transport from satellite data

    SciTech Connect

    Gautier, C.; Peterson, P.; Jones, C.

    1996-12-01

    The exchange of moisture and heat fluxes across the ocean-atmosphere interface exerts a strong influence on the oceanic and atmospheric circulations, and therefore on the maintenance of the climate system equilibrium. Observational measurements of these fluxes over large areas of the ocean`s surface are limited by the lack of in-situ data. This paper reports research efforts to estimate the freshwater budget and freshwater oceanic transport using remotely sensed data. Six years (1988--1993) of surface evaporation estimated with satellite and in-situ data re combined with satellite-derived precipitation to compute the freshwater budget and freshwater oceanic transport. The interannual variability of the freshwater budget and oceanic transport eliminates are examined for two contrasting events: the La Nina of 1988--89 and the El Nino condition during 1991--92, one of the longest El Nino episodes on record. Possible implications for future climate change are discussed.

  3. Transport simulation of the radionuclide from the shelf to open ocean around Fukushima

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyazawa, Yasumasa; Masumoto, Yukio; Varlamov, Sergey M.; Miyama, Toru

    2012-12-01

    We simulate radionuclide distribution in the ocean due to direct emission from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FNPP) for the period from 21 March to 6 May 2011. Dispersion of Cesium-137 is modeled by a transport equation with advection and diffusion by three dimensional ocean current. The ocean current data are provided from a data-assimilative, tide-resolving ocean general circulation model with horizontal resolution of 1/36°. Results show that the radionuclide expands from the shelf region into open ocean in April by the ocean currents and farther transported eastward along the Kuroshio Extension front in May. Sensitivity experiments demonstrate that the mesoscale geostrophic currents basically governed the transport processes in the open ocean after April. In the shelf region, on the other hand, the wind-driven currents facilitate the north-south extension of the radionuclide distribution through the repeated generations of the shelf waves. Influences of tide and river discharges cannot be neglected.

  4. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ocean transportation... MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-1 Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction. (a) This subsection applies when...

  5. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ocean transportation... MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-1 Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction. (a) This subsection applies when...

  6. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ocean transportation... MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-1 Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction. (a) This subsection applies when...

  7. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ocean transportation... MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-1 Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction. (a) This subsection applies when...

  8. Investigation of Coastal Ocean Response to Landfalling Hurricane Using a Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Wave Sediment Transport (COAWST) Model: Idealized Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zambon, J. B.; He, R.; Warner, J. C.

    2008-12-01

    We investigate coupling mechanisms among ocean, atmosphere and waves during land-falling hurricanes on an idealized coastal ocean setting with the recently developed Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) modeling system. The atmosphere is represented by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, the ocean by the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS), and waves by the Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN) model, with data fields exchanged by the Model Coupling Toolkit (MCT) during concurrent simulations. Coupled model simulations are performed on an idealized ocean grid with a linear coastline and bathymetry representative of a typical coastal shelf. We focus on ocean responses before, during and after landfall. Six sensitivity experiments are performed by switching on and off the two- way communications of various ocean, atmosphere and wave state variables. Model solutions clearly demonstrate complex interactions between the atmosphere, ocean, and wave responses, highlighting the importance and necessity of using an advanced, interdisciplinary, coupled modeling system to study the dynamics of landfalling hurricanes

  9. Noble gas transport during devolatilization of oceanic crust

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jackson, C.; Smye, A.; Shuster, D. L.; Parman, S. W.; Kelley, S. P.; Hesse, M. A.; Cooper, R. F.

    2014-12-01

    Here we examine the role of slab dehydration in determining the elemental pattern of recycled noble gases. As a first step, we apply newly reported measurements of He-Ne-Ar (light noble gases) solubility and diffusivity in amphibole to parameterize a 1D diffusive-reaction transport model that simulates noble gas behavior during fluid loss from down-going oceanic crust. Recent experiments demonstrate that noble gases are highly soluble in ring-structured minerals, such as amphibole and other common hydrothermal products in slabs [1]. These results suggest that ring-structured minerals have the potential to strongly influence the budget of noble gases input into subduction zones and the elemental fractionations associated with volatile loss from slabs New measurements of He-Ne-Ar solubility in a suite of amphiboles have been completed utilizing the methodology described in [1]. These new measurements confirm that all light noble gases are highly soluble in amphibole, and that noble gas solubility correlates with the availability of unoccupied ring sites. New experimental measurements of He and Ne diffusivity have also been completed using a step-degassing approach at the Berkeley Geochronology Center. These measurements suggest that vacant ring sites in amphibole act to slow noble gas diffusion. We combine the newly acquired He and Ne diffusivity measurements with literature values for Ar diffusivity [2] to parameterize the diffusive-reaction transport model. Application of these data to the diffusive-reaction transport model yields several new insights. The relative mobility of Ne compared to Ar allows for efficient extraction of Ne from "hot" slabs by shallow depths (<50 km), while Ar is effectively retained to deeper depths, potentially past sub-arc conditions. Noble gas partition coefficients sharply increase with depth, following their increasing non-ideality in supercritical fluids, causing noble gases to partition back into minerals from any fluids retained in

  10. Cloud-radiative effects on implied oceanic energy transports as simulated by atmospheric general circulation models

    SciTech Connect

    Gleckler, P.J.; Randall, D.A.; Boer, G.

    1994-03-01

    This paper reports on energy fluxes across the surface of the ocean as simulated by fifteen atmospheric general circulation models in which ocean surface temperatures and sea-ice boundaries are prescribed. The oceanic meridional energy transport that would be required to balance these surface fluxes is computed, and is shown to be critically sensitive to the radiative effects of clouds, to the extent that even the sign of the Southern Hemisphere ocean energy transport can be affected by the errors in simulated cloud-radiation interactions.

  11. Estimation of Interbasin Transport Using Ocean Bottom Pressure: Theory and Model for Asian Marginal Seas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Song, Y. Tony

    2006-01-01

    The Asian Marginal Seas are interconnected by a number of narrow straits, such as the Makassar Strait connecting the Pacific Ocean with the Indian Ocean, the Luzon Strait connecting the South China Sea with the Pacific Ocean, and the Korea/Tsushima Strait connecting the East China Sea with the Japan/East Sea. Here we propose a method, the combination of the "geostrophic control" formula of Garrett and Toulany (1982) and the "hydraulic control" theory of Whitehead et al. (1974), allowing the use of satellite-observed sea-surface-height (SSH) and ocean-bottom-pressure (OBP) data for estimating interbasin transport. The new method also allows separating the interbasin transport into surface and bottom fluxes that play an important role in maintaining the mass balance of the regional oceans. Comparison with model results demonstrates that the combined method can estimate the seasonal variability of the strait transports and is significantly better than the method of using SSH or OBP alone.

  12. Changes in Tropical Precipitation at the Mid-Holocene: Role of the Oceanic Heat Transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, X.; Battisti, D. S.; Donohoe, A.

    2015-12-01

    There is ample geological and geochemical evidence that precipitation in the tropics is largely different from today at the mid-Holocene, an era roughly 6,000 years ago when the Northern Hemisphere summer (winter) insolation was stronger (weaker) than today. These insolation differences are caused mainly by the precession of the earth's rotational axis, or called "precessional forcing". Using the mid-Holocene experiments of PMIP3, we studied changes in the zonal mean tropical precipitation, and its associated change in cross-equatorial energy transport. A northward movement of the zonal mean precipitation in the mid-Holocene is seen in 10 out of 13 PMIP3 models, with a correspondingly anomalous southward atmospheric heat transport across the equator. The slope is 3.0º per PW, close to the estimate given by Donohoe et al. (2013). The changes in cross-equatorial atmospheric heat transport are dictated by changes in the hemispheric asymmetry of heating from the surface, which in turn are associated with changes in the cross-equatorial oceanic heat transport: an anomalous northward oceanic heat transport at the equator is seen in all of the PMIP3 models. Analysis on this anomalous oceanic heat transport reveals that changes in the wind-driven gyre in the Pacific Ocean are primarily responsible for the changes in cross-equatorial ocean heat transport. Specifically, stronger easterly anomalies north of the equator in the western Pacific drives an anomalous northward mass transport, and therefore accomplishes an anomalous northward heat transport across the equator by acting on the asymmetric mean-state zonal temperature. The wind anomalies responsible for this anomalous ocean heat transport are seen in every PMIP3 model, as well as an ECHAM4-slab ocean model, indicating that it is atmospherically driven and independent of the changes in ocean heat transport. It also explains the consistency of ocean heat transport change, and eventually the relative consistency of zonal

  13. Basin-scale transport of hydrothermal dissolved metals across the South Pacific Ocean.

    PubMed

    Resing, Joseph A; Sedwick, Peter N; German, Christopher R; Jenkins, William J; Moffett, James W; Sohst, Bettina M; Tagliabue, Alessandro

    2015-07-01

    Hydrothermal venting along mid-ocean ridges exerts an important control on the chemical composition of sea water by serving as a major source or sink for a number of trace elements in the ocean. Of these, iron has received considerable attention because of its role as an essential and often limiting nutrient for primary production in regions of the ocean that are of critical importance for the global carbon cycle. It has been thought that most of the dissolved iron discharged by hydrothermal vents is lost from solution close to ridge-axis sources and is thus of limited importance for ocean biogeochemistry. This long-standing view is challenged by recent studies which suggest that stabilization of hydrothermal dissolved iron may facilitate its long-range oceanic transport. Such transport has been subsequently inferred from spatially limited oceanographic observations. Here we report data from the US GEOTRACES Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect (EPZT) that demonstrate lateral transport of hydrothermal dissolved iron, manganese, and aluminium from the southern East Pacific Rise (SEPR) several thousand kilometres westward across the South Pacific Ocean. Dissolved iron exhibits nearly conservative (that is, no loss from solution during transport and mixing) behaviour in this hydrothermal plume, implying a greater longevity in the deep ocean than previously assumed. Based on our observations, we estimate a global hydrothermal dissolved iron input of three to four gigamoles per year to the ocean interior, which is more than fourfold higher than previous estimates. Complementary simulations with a global-scale ocean biogeochemical model suggest that the observed transport of hydrothermal dissolved iron requires some means of physicochemical stabilization and indicate that hydrothermally derived iron sustains a large fraction of Southern Ocean export production.

  14. Basin-scale transport of hydrothermal dissolved metals across the South Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resing, Joseph A.; Sedwick, Peter N.; German, Christopher R.; Jenkins, William J.; Moffett, James W.; Sohst, Bettina M.; Tagliabue, Alessandro

    2015-07-01

    Hydrothermal venting along mid-ocean ridges exerts an important control on the chemical composition of sea water by serving as a major source or sink for a number of trace elements in the ocean. Of these, iron has received considerable attention because of its role as an essential and often limiting nutrient for primary production in regions of the ocean that are of critical importance for the global carbon cycle. It has been thought that most of the dissolved iron discharged by hydrothermal vents is lost from solution close to ridge-axis sources and is thus of limited importance for ocean biogeochemistry. This long-standing view is challenged by recent studies which suggest that stabilization of hydrothermal dissolved iron may facilitate its long-range oceanic transport. Such transport has been subsequently inferred from spatially limited oceanographic observations. Here we report data from the US GEOTRACES Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect (EPZT) that demonstrate lateral transport of hydrothermal dissolved iron, manganese, and aluminium from the southern East Pacific Rise (SEPR) several thousand kilometres westward across the South Pacific Ocean. Dissolved iron exhibits nearly conservative (that is, no loss from solution during transport and mixing) behaviour in this hydrothermal plume, implying a greater longevity in the deep ocean than previously assumed. Based on our observations, we estimate a global hydrothermal dissolved iron input of three to four gigamoles per year to the ocean interior, which is more than fourfold higher than previous estimates. Complementary simulations with a global-scale ocean biogeochemical model suggest that the observed transport of hydrothermal dissolved iron requires some means of physicochemical stabilization and indicate that hydrothermally derived iron sustains a large fraction of Southern Ocean export production.

  15. Modelling subglacial discharge and its influence on ocean heat transport in Arctic fjords

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bendtsen, Jørgen; Mortensen, John; Rysgaard, Søren

    2015-11-01

    Tidewater outlet glaciers are directly connected to the ocean via ice walls or floating shelves. Melting and freezing of ice, runoff, englacial, and subglacial discharge of freshwater and ocean heat transport are therefore potential feedback processes between glacial ice flow and ocean circulation. Subglacial discharge occurs at the base of tidewater glacier outlets where out-flowing freshwater forms a convective buoyant plume ascending close to the glacier face and, due to entrainment, transports relatively warm and saline ambient bottom water up towards the surface. Plume dynamics, typically occurring at sub-grid scales in regional ocean models, therefore has to be parameterized in areas where ice-ocean interactions occur, as for example in Arctic fjords. Here, we develop and analyze a new simple boundary condition of subglacial discharge where entrainment-induced transport between the subsurface and surface layer is described. A sensitivity study showed that subglacial discharge increased ocean heat transport near the glacier whereas the impact from plume-entrainment became relatively small further from the glacier. Subglacial discharge was shown to have a significant influence on surface concentrations. The impact from subglacial discharge was demonstrated in a regional model of Godthåbsfjord (64°N), located at the west coast of Greenland, where surface concentrations near the glacier were shown to be sensitive to subglacial discharge in accordance with observations.

  16. Journeys on the Rivers and Oceans: Ship Transportation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritz, John M.; Carper, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Ship transportation includes various forms of technology. Ships have special designs to meet technological needs. They are used to transport people and cargoes and have been a major part of history throughout civilization. Products are available from around the world because they can be economically moved from producers to consumers. Not only are…

  17. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Management Directorate, MSC; or (ii) The Commander, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution... Commander, MSC, through the Contracts and Business Management Directorate, MSC; or (B) The Commander... MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Ocean Transportation by U.S.-Flag Vessels 247.573-1 Ocean transportation...

  18. Role of ocean heat transport in climates of tidally locked exoplanets around M dwarf stars.

    PubMed

    Hu, Yongyun; Yang, Jun

    2014-01-14

    The distinctive feature of tidally locked exoplanets is the very uneven heating by stellar radiation between the dayside and nightside. Previous work has focused on the role of atmospheric heat transport in preventing atmospheric collapse on the nightside for terrestrial exoplanets in the habitable zone around M dwarfs. In the present paper, we carry out simulations with a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model to investigate the role of ocean heat transport in climate states of tidally locked habitable exoplanets around M dwarfs. Our simulation results demonstrate that ocean heat transport substantially extends the area of open water along the equator, showing a lobster-like spatial pattern of open water, instead of an "eyeball." For sufficiently high-level greenhouse gases or strong stellar radiation, ocean heat transport can even lead to complete deglaciation of the nightside. Our simulations also suggest that ocean heat transport likely narrows the width of M dwarfs' habitable zone. This study provides a demonstration of the importance of exooceanography in determining climate states and habitability of exoplanets. PMID:24379386

  19. Role of ocean heat transport in climates of tidally locked exoplanets around M dwarf stars

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Yongyun; Yang, Jun

    2014-01-01

    The distinctive feature of tidally locked exoplanets is the very uneven heating by stellar radiation between the dayside and nightside. Previous work has focused on the role of atmospheric heat transport in preventing atmospheric collapse on the nightside for terrestrial exoplanets in the habitable zone around M dwarfs. In the present paper, we carry out simulations with a fully coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model to investigate the role of ocean heat transport in climate states of tidally locked habitable exoplanets around M dwarfs. Our simulation results demonstrate that ocean heat transport substantially extends the area of open water along the equator, showing a lobster-like spatial pattern of open water, instead of an “eyeball.” For sufficiently high-level greenhouse gases or strong stellar radiation, ocean heat transport can even lead to complete deglaciation of the nightside. Our simulations also suggest that ocean heat transport likely narrows the width of M dwarfs’ habitable zone. This study provides a demonstration of the importance of exooceanography in determining climate states and habitability of exoplanets. PMID:24379386

  20. Role of ocean heat transport in climates of tidally locked exoplanets around M dwarf stars.

    PubMed

    Hu, Yongyun; Yang, Jun

    2014-01-14

    The distinctive feature of tidally locked exoplanets is the very uneven heating by stellar radiation between the dayside and nightside. Previous work has focused on the role of atmospheric heat transport in preventing atmospheric collapse on the nightside for terrestrial exoplanets in the habitable zone around M dwarfs. In the present paper, we carry out simulations with a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model to investigate the role of ocean heat transport in climate states of tidally locked habitable exoplanets around M dwarfs. Our simulation results demonstrate that ocean heat transport substantially extends the area of open water along the equator, showing a lobster-like spatial pattern of open water, instead of an "eyeball." For sufficiently high-level greenhouse gases or strong stellar radiation, ocean heat transport can even lead to complete deglaciation of the nightside. Our simulations also suggest that ocean heat transport likely narrows the width of M dwarfs' habitable zone. This study provides a demonstration of the importance of exooceanography in determining climate states and habitability of exoplanets.

  1. Meridional energy transport in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system: Compensation and partitioning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farneti, R.; Vallis, G. K.

    2012-04-01

    The variability and compensation of the energy transport in the atmosphere and ocean are discussed with a hierarchy of coupled models. A state-of-the-art Coupled Model (GFDL CM2.1), an Intermediate Complexity Climate Model (GFDL ICCM) and a simple Energy Balance Model (EBM) are used in this study. For decadal time scales, a high degree of compensation is found for the transport in the Northern Hemisphere in the Atlantic sector. The variability of the total, or planetary, heat transport (PHT) is much smaller than the variability in either the atmosphere (AHT) or ocean (OHT) alone, a feature sometimes referred to as `Bjerknes compensation'. In the coupled models used, natural decadal variability stems from the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC), and variations in the strength of the AMOC tend to lead the variability in the OHT. Furthermore, the PHT is positively correlated with the OHT, implying that the atmosphere is compensating, but imperfectly, for variations in the ocean transport. In the Southern Hemisphere no significant anticorrelation is found between OHT and AHT, consistent with the absence of decadal scale variability in the ocean. For both coupled models, the strongest anticorrelation between transports is found at the period of AMOC variability and decreases as the time scale decreases. Unlike the AHT and AMOC, the AHT and the transport in the oceanic gyres are positively correlated, suggesting that coupling between the wind-driven ocean circulation and the atmosphere militates against long-term variability involving the wind-driven flow. Moisture and sensible heat transports in the atmosphere are also positively correlated at decadal time scales. In the Northern Hemisphere compensation is weaker at low latitudes than at high. This is consistent with the notion that at low latitudes a larger fraction of the oceanic transport is due to the wind-driven warm cell, and the atmospheric and wind-driven oceanic energy transports vary in unison

  2. Cloud-radiative effects on implied oceanic energy transports as simulated by atmospheric general circulation models

    SciTech Connect

    Gleckler, P.J.; Randall, D.A.; Boer, G.

    1995-04-01

    This paper summarizes the ocean surface net energy flux simulated by fifteen atmospheric general circulation models constrained by realistically-varying sea surface temperatures and sea ice as part of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project. In general, the simulated energy fluxes are within the very large observational uncertainties. However, the annual mean oceanic meridional heat transport that would be required to balance the simulated surface fluxes is shown to be critically sensitive to the radiative effects to clouds, to the extent that even the sign of the Southern Hemisphere ocean heat transport can be affected by the errors in simulated cloud-radiation interactions. It is suggested that improved treatment of cloud radiative effects should help in the development of coupled atmospheric-ocean general circulation models. 16 refs., 3 figs.

  3. Cloud-radiative effects on implied oceanic energy transport as simulated by atmospheric general circulation models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gleckler, P. J.; Randall, D. A.; Boer, G.; Colman, R.; Dix, M.; Galin, V.; Helfand, M.; Kiehl, J.; Kitoh, A.; Lau, W.

    1995-01-01

    This paper summarizes the ocean surface net energy flux simulated by fifteen atmospheric general circulation models constrained by realistically-varying sea surface temperatures and sea ice as part of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project. In general, the simulated energy fluxes are within the very large observational uncertainties. However, the annual mean oceanic meridional heat transport that would be required to balance the simulated surface fluxes is shown to be critically sensitive to the radiative effects of clouds, to the extent that even the sign of the Southern Hemisphere ocean heat transport can be affected by the errors in simulated cloud-radiation interactions. It is suggested that improved treatment of cloud radiative effects should help in the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models.

  4. [Transport processes of Fukushima derived radioactivity in the Pacific Ocean].

    PubMed

    Aoyama, Michio

    2014-01-01

    Before the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant 1 (FNPP1) accident, environmental (137)Cs was already detectable originating from nuclear weapon tests conducted in the late 1950s and early 1960s. In the western North Pacific Ocean, (90)Sr and (137)Cs activities in surface water were 10-100 Bqm(-3) in the late 1950s and early 1960s, then this parameter decreased gradually; (137)Cs activity in surface water subsequently decreased to around a few Bq m(-3). After the FNPP1 accident, (137)Cs and (134)Cs were released into the North Pacific Ocean by two pathways, direct discharge from the Fukushima NPP1 accident site and atmospheric deposition off Honshu Islands of Japan, east and northeast of the site. High-density observations of (137)Cs and (134)Cs in the surface water were carried out by 17 VOS cruises and several research vessel cruises between April 2011 and March 2012. The main body of radioactive surface plume of which activity exceeded 10 Bqm(-3) traveled along 40°N, and reached the International Date Line in March 2012, 1 year after the accident. The radioactive plume was confined along 40°N when the plume reached the International Date Line. Zonal speed of the radioactive plume was estimated to be about 8 cm s(-1), which is consistent with zonal speeds derived by Argo floats at the region.

  5. Global ocean circulation and equator-pole heat transport as a function of ocean GCM resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Covey, C.

    1994-06-01

    To determine whether resolution of smaller scales is necessary to simulate large-scale ocean climate correctly, I examine results from a global ocean GCM run with horizontal grid spacings spanning a range from coarse resolutions traditionally used in climate modeling to nearly the highest resolution attained with today`s computers. The experiments include four cases employing 4{degrees}, 2{degrees}, 1{degrees} and 1/2{degrees} spacing in latitude and longitude, which were run with minimal differences among them, i.e., in a controlled experiment. Two additional cases-1/2{degrees} spacing with a more scale-selective sub-gridscale mixing of heat and momentum, and approximate 1/4{degrees} spacing-are also included. The 1/4{degrees} run resolves most of the observed mesoscale eddy energy in the ocean. Several artificial constraints on the model tend to minimize differences among the different resolution cases. Nevertheless, for quantities of interest to global climate studies,the simulations show significant changes as resolution increases.

  6. Prenatal developmental changes in glucose transporters, intermediary metabolism and hormonal receptors related to the IGF/insulin-glucose axis in the heart and adipose tissue of bovines.

    PubMed

    Hocquette, Jean-François; Sauerwein, Helga; Higashiyama, Yumi; Picard, Brigitte; Abe, Hiroyuki

    2006-01-01

    Glucose transporter ontogenesis is likely to play a key role in glucose uptake by foetal tissues in order to satisfy their energy requirements. We thus investigated developmental changes in the bovine heart and perirenal adipose tissue in two glucose transporter isoforms, namely GLUT1 and GLUT4, the latter being responsible for the regulation of glucose uptake by insulin. Other key players of the glucose/insulin axis were also assessed. Plasma glucose concentration in the foetus was lower at 8 and 8.5 months of age than previously. In the heart, GLUT1 protein level markedly decreased between 3 and 4 months of age, whereas the number of insulin and IGF-I binding sites continually decreased, especially between 7 and 8 or 8.5 months of age. On the contrary, the GLUT4 level increased until 8 months of age and remained high until 2 weeks after birth. The activities of enzymes of glucose metabolism (namely phosphofructokinase [PFK] and lactate dehydrogenase [LDH]) increased throughout gestation and reached a plateau at 6 and 8.5 months of age for PFK and LDH, respectively. The activities of enzymes involved in fatty acid metabolism increased especially at birth. In perirenal adipose tissue, high mitochondrial activity was detected before birth which is a characteristic of brown adipose tissue. Furthermore, lipoprotein lipase activity and GLUT4 protein level markedly increased to reach a maximum at 6-7 and 8 months of age, and sharply decreased thereafter, whereas GLUT1 protein level increased between 6 and 7 months of age. In conclusion, considerable changes in the regulation of the insulin/glucose axis were observed from 6 months onwards of foetal development in both the heart and adipose tissue of cattle, which probably alters the potential of these tissues to use glucose or fat as energy sources.

  7. Weak oceanic heat transport as a cause of the instability of glacial climates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colin de Verdière, Alain; Te Raa, L.

    2010-12-01

    The stability of the thermohaline circulation of modern and glacial climates is compared with the help of a two dimensional ocean—atmosphere—sea ice coupled model. It turns out to be more unstable as less freshwater forcing is required to induce a polar halocline catastrophy in glacial climates. The large insulation of the ocean by the extensive sea ice cover changes the temperature boundary condition and the deepwater formation regions moves much further South. The nature of the instability is of oceanic origin, identical to that found in ocean models under mixed boundary conditions. With similar strengths of the oceanic circulation and rates of deep water formation for warm and cold climates, the loss of stability of the cold climate is due to the weak thermal stratification caused by the cooling of surface waters, the deep water temperatures being regulated by the temperature of freezing. Weaker stratification with similar overturning leads to a weakening of the meridional oceanic heat transport which is the major negative feedback stabilizing the oceanic circulation. Within the unstable regime periodic millennial oscillations occur spontaneously. The climate oscillates between a strong convective thermally driven oceanic state and a weak one driven by large salinity gradients. Both states are unstable. The atmosphere of low thermal inertia is carried along by the oceanic overturning while the variation of sea ice is out of phase with the oceanic heat content. During the abrupt warming events that punctuate the course of a millennial oscillation, sea ice variations are shown respectively to damp (amplify) the amplitude of the oceanic (atmospheric) response. This sensitivity of the oceanic circulation to a reduced concentration of greenhouse gases and to freshwater forcing adds support to the hypothesis that the millennial oscillations of the last glacial period, the so called Dansgaard—Oeschger events, may be internal instabilities of the climate system.

  8. Transports and budgets of volume, heat, and salt from a global eddy-resolving ocean model

    SciTech Connect

    McCann, M.P.; Semtner, A.J. Jr.; Chervin, R.M.

    1994-07-01

    The results from an integration of a global ocean circulation model have been condensed into an analysis of the volume, heat, and salt transports among the major ocean basins. Transports are also broken down between the model`s Ekman, thermocline, and deep layers. Overall, the model does well. Horizontal exchanges of mass, heat, and salt between ocean basins have reasonable values: and the volume of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) transport is in general agreement with what limited observations exist. On a global basis the zonally integrated meridional heat transport is poleward at all latitudes except for the latitude band 30{degrees}S to 45{degrees}S. This anomalous transport is most likely a signature of the model`s inability to form Antarctic Intermediate (AAIW) and Antarctic bottom water (AABW) properly. Eddy heat transport is strong at the equator where its convergence heats the equatorial Pacific about twice as much as it heats the equatorial Atlantic. The greater heating in the Pacific suggests that mesoscale eddies may be a vital mechanism for warming and maintaining an upwelling portion of the global conveyor-belt circulation. The model`s fresh water transport compares well with observations. However, in the Atlantic there is an excessive southward transport of fresh water due to the absence of the Mediterranean outflow and weak northward flow of AAIW. Perhaps the model`s greatest weakness is the lack of strong AAIW and AABW circulation cells. Accurate thermohaline forcing in the North Atlantic (based on numerous hydrographic observations) helps the model adequately produce NADW. In contrast, the southern ocean is an area of sparse observation. Better thermohaline observations in this area may be needed if models such as this are to produce the deep convection that will achieve more accurate simulations of the global 3-dimensional circulation. 41 refs., 18 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Atmospheric transport of pollutants from North America to the North Atlantic Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harriss, R. C.; Browell, E. V.; Sebacher, D. I.; Gregory, G. L.; Hinton, R. R.; Beck, S. M.; Mcdougal, D. S.; Shipley, S. T.

    1984-01-01

    Ground-based measurements strongly support the hypothesis that pollutant materials of anthropogenic origin are being transported over long distances in the midtroposphere and are a significant source of acid rain, acid snow, trace metal deposition, ozone and visibility-reducing aerosols in remote oceanic and polar regions of the Norhern Hemisphere. Atmospheric sulphur budget calculations and studies of acid rain on Bermuda indicate that a large fraction of pollutant materials emitted into the atmosphere in eastern North America are advected eastwards over the North Atlantic Ocean. The first direct airborne measurements of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosols over the western North Atlantic is reported here. A newly developed airborne differential adsorption lidar system was used to obtain continuous, remotely sensed aerosol distributions along its flight path. The data document two episodes of long-distance transport of pollutant materials from North America over the North Atlantic Ocean.

  10. Ocean plankton. Environmental characteristics of Agulhas rings affect interocean plankton transport.

    PubMed

    Villar, Emilie; Farrant, Gregory K; Follows, Michael; Garczarek, Laurence; Speich, Sabrina; Audic, Stéphane; Bittner, Lucie; Blanke, Bruno; Brum, Jennifer R; Brunet, Christophe; Casotti, Raffaella; Chase, Alison; Dolan, John R; d'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Grima, Nicolas; Guidi, Lionel; Hill, Christopher N; Jahn, Oliver; Jamet, Jean-Louis; Le Goff, Hervé; Lepoivre, Cyrille; Malviya, Shruti; Pelletier, Eric; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste; Roux, Simon; Santini, Sébastien; Scalco, Eleonora; Schwenck, Sarah M; Tanaka, Atsuko; Testor, Pierre; Vannier, Thomas; Vincent, Flora; Zingone, Adriana; Dimier, Céline; Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie; Acinas, Silvia G; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; de Vargas, Colomban; Gorsky, Gabriel; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stéphane; Sullivan, Matthew B; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Wincker, Patrick; Karsenti, Eric; Bowler, Chris; Not, Fabrice; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele

    2015-05-22

    Agulhas rings provide the principal route for ocean waters to circulate from the Indo-Pacific to the Atlantic basin. Their influence on global ocean circulation is well known, but their role in plankton transport is largely unexplored. We show that, although the coarse taxonomic structure of plankton communities is continuous across the Agulhas choke point, South Atlantic plankton diversity is altered compared with Indian Ocean source populations. Modeling and in situ sampling of a young Agulhas ring indicate that strong vertical mixing drives complex nitrogen cycling, shaping community metabolism and biogeochemical signatures as the ring and associated plankton transit westward. The peculiar local environment inside Agulhas rings may provide a selective mechanism contributing to the limited dispersal of Indian Ocean plankton populations into the Atlantic.

  11. Hydrodynamic provinces and oceanic connectivity from a transport network help designing marine reserves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, Vincent; Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; López, Cristóbal; Hernández-García, Emilio

    2014-04-01

    Oceanic dispersal and connectivity have been identified as crucial factors for structuring marine populations and designing marine protected areas (MPAs). Focusing on larval dispersal by ocean currents, we propose an approach coupling Lagrangian transport and new tools from Network Theory to characterize marine connectivity in the Mediterranean basin. Larvae of different pelagic durations and seasons are modeled as passive tracers advected in a simulated oceanic surface flow from which a network of connected areas is constructed. Hydrodynamical provinces extracted from this network are delimited by frontiers which match multiscale oceanographic features. By examining the repeated occurrence of such boundaries, we identify the spatial scales and geographic structures that would control larval dispersal across the entire seascape. Based on these hydrodynamical units, we study novel connectivity metrics for existing reserves. Our results are discussed in the context of ocean biogeography and MPAs design, having ecological and managerial implications.

  12. Ocean plankton. Environmental characteristics of Agulhas rings affect interocean plankton transport.

    PubMed

    Villar, Emilie; Farrant, Gregory K; Follows, Michael; Garczarek, Laurence; Speich, Sabrina; Audic, Stéphane; Bittner, Lucie; Blanke, Bruno; Brum, Jennifer R; Brunet, Christophe; Casotti, Raffaella; Chase, Alison; Dolan, John R; d'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Grima, Nicolas; Guidi, Lionel; Hill, Christopher N; Jahn, Oliver; Jamet, Jean-Louis; Le Goff, Hervé; Lepoivre, Cyrille; Malviya, Shruti; Pelletier, Eric; Romagnan, Jean-Baptiste; Roux, Simon; Santini, Sébastien; Scalco, Eleonora; Schwenck, Sarah M; Tanaka, Atsuko; Testor, Pierre; Vannier, Thomas; Vincent, Flora; Zingone, Adriana; Dimier, Céline; Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Kandels-Lewis, Stefanie; Acinas, Silvia G; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; de Vargas, Colomban; Gorsky, Gabriel; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stéphane; Sullivan, Matthew B; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Wincker, Patrick; Karsenti, Eric; Bowler, Chris; Not, Fabrice; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele

    2015-05-22

    Agulhas rings provide the principal route for ocean waters to circulate from the Indo-Pacific to the Atlantic basin. Their influence on global ocean circulation is well known, but their role in plankton transport is largely unexplored. We show that, although the coarse taxonomic structure of plankton communities is continuous across the Agulhas choke point, South Atlantic plankton diversity is altered compared with Indian Ocean source populations. Modeling and in situ sampling of a young Agulhas ring indicate that strong vertical mixing drives complex nitrogen cycling, shaping community metabolism and biogeochemical signatures as the ring and associated plankton transit westward. The peculiar local environment inside Agulhas rings may provide a selective mechanism contributing to the limited dispersal of Indian Ocean plankton populations into the Atlantic. PMID:25999514

  13. Micropaleontological evidence for increased meridional heat transport in the North Atlantic Ocean during the pliocene

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dowsett, H.J.; Cronin, T. M.; Poore, R.Z.; Thompson, R.S.; Whatley, R.C.; Wood, A.M.

    1992-01-01

    The Middle Pliocene (???3 million years ago) has been identified as the last time the Earth was significantly warmer than it was during the Last Interglacial and Holocene. A quantitative micropaleontological paleotemperature transect from equator to high latitudes in the North Atlantic indicates that Middle Pliocene warmth involved increased meridional oceanic heat transport.

  14. 75 FR 37435 - Fact Finding Investigation No. 27; Potentially Unlawful, Unfair or Deceptive Ocean Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... Fact Finding Investigation No. 27; Potentially Unlawful, Unfair or Deceptive Ocean Transportation... will use the information obtained in this investigation and recommendations of the Fact-Finding Officer... property in the oceanborne foreign commerce of the United States, in order to gather facts and establish...

  15. The Specific Features of Pollution Transport in the Northwest Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diansky, Nikolay; Fomin, Vladimir; Gusev, Anatoly

    2013-04-01

    Two calculations of pollutant dispersal in the Northwest Pacific Ocean are presented: (1) during possible shipwrecks in the process of spent nuclear fuel transportation from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and (2) pollutant spread from the Japanese coast after the Fukushima 1 nuclear disaster on March 11, 2011. The circulation was simulated using a σ - coordinate ocean model INMOM (Institute of Numerical Mathematics Ocean Model) developed at the INM RAS. The INMOM is based on the primitive equations using the spherical σ - coordinate system with a free ocean surface. The INMOM was realized for the Pacific Ocean basin from the equator to the Bering Strait with a high 1/8° spatial resolution for reproducing the mesoscale ocean variability. The pollutant dispersal in the case of possible shipwrecks was estimated for currents for a statistically average year with atmospheric forcing from Common Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (CORE) for normal year data. The pollution spread from the Fukushima 1 nuclear power plant (NPP) was estimated for currents calculated with the real atmospheric forcing in accordance with the NCEP GFS (0.5 degree grid). The simulation period of pollutant dispersal from Fukushima 1 was 17 days: from March 11 to 28, 2011. The results of numerical simulation show that pollutant dispersal from the Fukushima 1 spread eastward according to the Kuroshio. Moreover, exceeding of natural background radiation level was simulated in the narrow region of the Japanese coast with width of less than 50 km.

  16. Importance of 3D Processes Near the Ocean's Surface for Material Transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozgokmen, T. M.

    2014-12-01

    There are a number of practical problems that demand an accurate knowledge of ocean currents near the surface of the ocean. It is known that oceanic coherent features transport heat and carry out vertical exchange of biogeochemical tracers. Ocean currents can affect biological primary production, air-sea gas exchanges and global tracer budgets. Ocean currents are also important for the dispersion of substances that pose a danger to society, economy and human health. Examples of such events include algal blooms, the Fukushima nuclear plant incident in the Pacific Ocean in 2011, and repeated large oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico, namely the IXTOC in 1978 and the Deepwater Horizon event in 2010. Such incidents demand accurate answers to questions such as ``where will the pollutant go?", ``how fast will it get there?" and ``how much pollutant will arrive there?", and in some instances ``where did the pollutant come from?". The answers to these questions are critical to the allocation of limited response resources, and in determining the overall impact of the events. We will summarize the efforts by the Consortium for Advanced Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon in the Environment (CARTHE). One of the primary objectives of CARTHE is to improve predictive modeling capability for flows near the air-sea interface. In particular, two large experiments, Grand Lagrangian Deployment (GLAD) and Surf-zone and Coastal Oil Pathways Experiment (SCOPE), coordinated with real-time modeling were instructive on processes influencing near-surface material transport. Findings on submesoscale flows as well as model deficiencies to capture processes relevant to transport will be discussed. Insight into future modeling and observational plans will be provided.

  17. Pacific water transport in the Arctic Ocean in a variable GM diffusivity model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, E.; Hasumi, H.

    2008-12-01

    One of the crucial problems in the present Arctic Ocean modeling is a significant high-salinity bias in the central Canada Basin. Improvement of such an ocean structure in simulation by using sophisticated numerical models is necessary in order to clarify mechanisms of recent drastic change of Arctic sea ice extent, which is suggested to be induced by changes in not only wind stress and atmospheric warming but also ocean heat transport. It is indicated that one of possible reasons for the salinity bias is insufficient transport of the Pacific water from the Chukchi shelf to the basin by mesoscale eddies. In this study, the Pacific water transport and corresponding salinity distribution in the Arctic Ocean in a coupled sea ice-ocean model, which incorporates a modified Gent and McWilliams diffusion scheme, are investigated. Three experiments are conducted as follows. First, a coefficient of isopycnal layer thickness diffusion is uniformly fixed to a lower value. Second, the coefficient is set to a higher value. Third, the coefficient temporarily and spatially varies depending on local baroclinicity. In the lower diffusivity case, a high-salinity bias arises in the Canada Basin and a low-salinity bias appears in the Eurasian Basin. In this simulation, a large amount of the fresh Pacific water is improperly transported westward over the Siberian shelves, whereas it is scarcely involved into the Canada Basin. This pathway is inconsistent with the observational estimates by using chemical properties. Therefore, insufficient transport of the Pacific water across the Beaufort shelfbreak is specified as one of crucial factors for the salinity bias. In the variable diffusivity case, the parameterized eddy-induced transport of the Pacific water into the Canada Basin is locally promoted by reflecting the strong baroclinicity along the shelfbreak. The excessive intrusion of the Pacific water into the Eurasian Basin significantly decreases. This improvement remarkably reduces

  18. Ocean Transport Pathways to a World Heritage Fringing Coral Reef: Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jiangtao; Lowe, Ryan J; Ivey, Gregory N; Jones, Nicole L; Zhang, Zhenlin

    2016-01-01

    A Lagrangian particle tracking model driven by a regional ocean circulation model was used to investigate the seasonally varying connectivity patterns within the shelf circulation surrounding the 300 km long Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia (WA) during 2009-2010. Forward-in-time simulations revealed that surface water was transported equatorward and offshore in summer due to the upwelling-favorable winds. In winter, however, water was transported polewards down the WA coast due to the seasonally strong Leeuwin Current. Using backward-in-time simulations, the subsurface transport pathways revealed two main source regions of shelf water reaching Ningaloo Reef: (1) a year-round source to the northeast in the upper 100 m of water column; and (2) during the summer, an additional source offshore and to the west of Ningaloo in depths between ~30 and ~150 m. Transient wind-driven coastal upwelling, onshore geostrophic transport and stirring by offshore eddies were identified as the important mechanisms influencing the source water origins. The identification of these highly time-dependent transport pathways and source water locations is an essential step towards quantifying how key material (e.g., nutrients, larvae, contaminants, etc.) is exchanged between Ningaloo Reef and the surrounding shelf ocean, and how this is mechanistically coupled to the complex ocean dynamics in this region.

  19. Morphology Alters Fluid Transport and the Ability of Organisms to Mix Oceanic Waters.

    PubMed

    Katija, Kakani

    2015-10-01

    Mixing in the ocean is opposed by the stratification of fluid, such that density of seawater increases with greater depth. The mechanisms by which mixing occurs have been attributed largely to physical processes that include atmospheric forcing, tides, and internal waves. Biogenic mixing, another potential source of mixing in the ocean, may generate significant transport of fluid during diel vertical migrations of organisms. Biogenic mixing is not limited to the near-surface or to regions of rough bottom topography, as are other physical mixing processes, and may contribute significantly to the energy budget of mixing in mid-ocean. "Fluid drift", a mechanism first described by Charles Galton Darwin, has been identified as a mechanism that allows for long-distance, vertical transport of fluid by the smallest of swimming organisms. However, little is known about how fluid drift varies with morphology and behavior of swimming organisms. We conducted numerical simulations of theoretical and experimentally measured flows of swimming medusae (Phyllorhiza sp.), and compared the volume of the drift induced by these flows. Our numerical simulations of fluid drift showed that morphology coupled with swimming behavior alters the transport of fluid both spatially and temporally. Given empirical velocity field data, the methods presented here allow us to systematically compare fluid transport across taxa, and enable us to deduce the potential of swimming organisms to influence fluid transport.

  20. Ocean Transport Pathways to a World Heritage Fringing Coral Reef: Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Jiangtao; Lowe, Ryan J.; Ivey, Gregory N.; Jones, Nicole L.; Zhang, Zhenlin

    2016-01-01

    A Lagrangian particle tracking model driven by a regional ocean circulation model was used to investigate the seasonally varying connectivity patterns within the shelf circulation surrounding the 300 km long Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia (WA) during 2009–2010. Forward-in-time simulations revealed that surface water was transported equatorward and offshore in summer due to the upwelling-favorable winds. In winter, however, water was transported polewards down the WA coast due to the seasonally strong Leeuwin Current. Using backward-in-time simulations, the subsurface transport pathways revealed two main source regions of shelf water reaching Ningaloo Reef: (1) a year-round source to the northeast in the upper 100 m of water column; and (2) during the summer, an additional source offshore and to the west of Ningaloo in depths between ~30 and ~150 m. Transient wind-driven coastal upwelling, onshore geostrophic transport and stirring by offshore eddies were identified as the important mechanisms influencing the source water origins. The identification of these highly time-dependent transport pathways and source water locations is an essential step towards quantifying how key material (e.g., nutrients, larvae, contaminants, etc.) is exchanged between Ningaloo Reef and the surrounding shelf ocean, and how this is mechanistically coupled to the complex ocean dynamics in this region. PMID:26790154

  1. Ocean Transport Pathways to a World Heritage Fringing Coral Reef: Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jiangtao; Lowe, Ryan J; Ivey, Gregory N; Jones, Nicole L; Zhang, Zhenlin

    2016-01-01

    A Lagrangian particle tracking model driven by a regional ocean circulation model was used to investigate the seasonally varying connectivity patterns within the shelf circulation surrounding the 300 km long Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia (WA) during 2009-2010. Forward-in-time simulations revealed that surface water was transported equatorward and offshore in summer due to the upwelling-favorable winds. In winter, however, water was transported polewards down the WA coast due to the seasonally strong Leeuwin Current. Using backward-in-time simulations, the subsurface transport pathways revealed two main source regions of shelf water reaching Ningaloo Reef: (1) a year-round source to the northeast in the upper 100 m of water column; and (2) during the summer, an additional source offshore and to the west of Ningaloo in depths between ~30 and ~150 m. Transient wind-driven coastal upwelling, onshore geostrophic transport and stirring by offshore eddies were identified as the important mechanisms influencing the source water origins. The identification of these highly time-dependent transport pathways and source water locations is an essential step towards quantifying how key material (e.g., nutrients, larvae, contaminants, etc.) is exchanged between Ningaloo Reef and the surrounding shelf ocean, and how this is mechanistically coupled to the complex ocean dynamics in this region. PMID:26790154

  2. Morphology Alters Fluid Transport and the Ability of Organisms to Mix Oceanic Waters.

    PubMed

    Katija, Kakani

    2015-10-01

    Mixing in the ocean is opposed by the stratification of fluid, such that density of seawater increases with greater depth. The mechanisms by which mixing occurs have been attributed largely to physical processes that include atmospheric forcing, tides, and internal waves. Biogenic mixing, another potential source of mixing in the ocean, may generate significant transport of fluid during diel vertical migrations of organisms. Biogenic mixing is not limited to the near-surface or to regions of rough bottom topography, as are other physical mixing processes, and may contribute significantly to the energy budget of mixing in mid-ocean. "Fluid drift", a mechanism first described by Charles Galton Darwin, has been identified as a mechanism that allows for long-distance, vertical transport of fluid by the smallest of swimming organisms. However, little is known about how fluid drift varies with morphology and behavior of swimming organisms. We conducted numerical simulations of theoretical and experimentally measured flows of swimming medusae (Phyllorhiza sp.), and compared the volume of the drift induced by these flows. Our numerical simulations of fluid drift showed that morphology coupled with swimming behavior alters the transport of fluid both spatially and temporally. Given empirical velocity field data, the methods presented here allow us to systematically compare fluid transport across taxa, and enable us to deduce the potential of swimming organisms to influence fluid transport. PMID:26117832

  3. Constraints on oceanic meridional heat transport from combined measurements of oxygen and carbon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Resplandy, L.; Keeling, R. F.; Stephens, B. B.; Bent, J. D.; Jacobson, A.; Rödenbeck, C.; Khatiwala, S.

    2016-02-01

    Despite its importance to the climate system, the ocean meridional heat transport is still poorly quantified. We identify a strong link between the northern hemisphere deficit in atmospheric potential oxygen (APO = O_2 + 1.1 × CO_2 ) and the asymmetry in meridional heat transport between northern and southern hemispheres. The recent aircraft observations from the HIPPO campaign reveal a northern APO deficit in the tropospheric column of - 10.4 ± 1.0 per meg, double the value at the surface and more representative of large-scale air-sea fluxes. The global northward ocean heat transport asymmetry necessary to explain the observed APO deficit is about 0.7-1.1 PW, which corresponds to the upper range of estimates from hydrographic sections and atmospheric reanalyses.

  4. Sediment transport and deposition processes near ocean outfalls in Southern California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lee, H.J.; Noble, M.A.; Xu, Jie; ,

    2003-01-01

    An urbanized coastal ocean that has complex topography and large-scale atmospheric and oceanographic forcing can contain a variety of sediment and pollutant distribution patterns. For example, the central southern California Bight has two large embayments, Santa Monica and San Pedro Bays, that are connected by a short, very narrow shelf off the Palos Verdes peninsula. The complex topography causes quite different oceanographic and sediment distribution patterns in this fairly small region of the coastal ocean. In addition, three sewage outfalls discharge material over the outer shelf. A large suite of sediment cores was obtained and analyzed for contaminants, physical properties, accumulation rates, and grain sizes. Arrays of instrumented moorings that monitor currents, waves, water clarity, water density and collect resuspended materials were deployed. The data and models developed for the Palos Verdes margin suggest that a large reservoir of DDT and its byproducts exists in the coastal ocean sediment and will continue to be exhumed and transported along the shelf for a long time. On the Santa Monica shelf, very large internal waves, or bores, are generated at the shelf break. The near-bottom currents associated with these waves sweep sediment and the associated contaminants from the shelf onto the continental slope. On the San Pedro margin an initial examination of recent data collected in the coastal ocean does not suggest that bacterial contamination on local beaches is primarily caused by transport of material from the adjacent ocean outfall.

  5. Seasonal Cycles of Meridional Overturning and Heat Transport of the Indian Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Tong; Marotzke, Jochem

    1998-01-01

    A general circulation model of the Indian Ocean is fitted to monthly averaged climatological temperatures, salinities, and surface fluxes using the adjoint method. Interannual variability is minimized by penalizing the temporal drift from one seasonal cycle to another during a two-year integration. The resultant meridional overturning and heat transport display large seasonal variations, with maximum amplitudes of 18 and 22 (x 10(exp 6) cubic m/s) for the overturning and 1.8 and 1.4 (x 10(exp 15) W) for heat transport near 10 S and 10 N, respectively. A dynamical decomposition of the overturning and heat transport shows that the time-varying Ekman How plus its barotropic compensation can explain a large part of the seasonal variations in overturning and heat transport. The maximum variations at 10 deg N and 10 deg S are associated with monsoon reversal over the northern Indian Ocean and changes of the easterlies over the southern Indian Ocean. An external mode with variable topography has a moderate contribution where the Somali Current and the corresponding gyre reverse direction seasonally. Contribution front vertical shear (thermal wind and ageostrophic shear) is dominant near the southern boundary and large near the Somali Current latitudes. The dominant balance in the zonally integrated heat budget is between heat storage change and heat transport convergence except south of 15 S. Optimization with seasonal forcings improves estimates of sea surface temperatures, but the annual average overturning and heat transport are very similar to previous results with annual mean forcings. The annual average heat transport consists of roughly equal contributions from time-mean and time-varying fields of meridional velocities and temperatures in the northern Indian Ocean. indicating a significant rectification to the heat transport due to the time-varying fields. The time-mean and time-varying contributions are primarily due to the overturning and horizontal gyre

  6. Sea-ice transport driving Southern Ocean salinity and its recent trends.

    PubMed

    Haumann, F Alexander; Gruber, Nicolas; Münnich, Matthias; Frenger, Ivy; Kern, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Recent salinity changes in the Southern Ocean are among the most prominent signals of climate change in the global ocean, yet their underlying causes have not been firmly established. Here we propose that trends in the northward transport of Antarctic sea ice are a major contributor to these changes. Using satellite observations supplemented by sea-ice reconstructions, we estimate that wind-driven northward freshwater transport by sea ice increased by 20 ± 10 per cent between 1982 and 2008. The strongest and most robust increase occurred in the Pacific sector, coinciding with the largest observed salinity changes. We estimate that the additional freshwater for the entire northern sea-ice edge entails a freshening rate of -0.02 ± 0.01 grams per kilogram per decade in the surface and intermediate waters of the open ocean, similar to the observed freshening. The enhanced rejection of salt near the coast of Antarctica associated with stronger sea-ice export counteracts the freshening of both continental shelf and newly formed bottom waters due to increases in glacial meltwater. Although the data sources underlying our results have substantial uncertainties, regional analyses and independent data from an atmospheric reanalysis support our conclusions. Our finding that northward sea-ice freshwater transport is also a key determinant of the mean salinity distribution in the Southern Ocean further underpins the importance of the sea-ice-induced freshwater flux. Through its influence on the density structure of the ocean, this process has critical consequences for the global climate by affecting the exchange of heat, carbon and nutrients between the deep ocean and surface waters. PMID:27582222

  7. Sea-ice transport driving Southern Ocean salinity and its recent trends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haumann, F. Alexander; Gruber, Nicolas; Münnich, Matthias; Frenger, Ivy; Kern, Stefan

    2016-09-01

    Recent salinity changes in the Southern Ocean are among the most prominent signals of climate change in the global ocean, yet their underlying causes have not been firmly established. Here we propose that trends in the northward transport of Antarctic sea ice are a major contributor to these changes. Using satellite observations supplemented by sea-ice reconstructions, we estimate that wind-driven northward freshwater transport by sea ice increased by 20 ± 10 per cent between 1982 and 2008. The strongest and most robust increase occurred in the Pacific sector, coinciding with the largest observed salinity changes. We estimate that the additional freshwater for the entire northern sea-ice edge entails a freshening rate of -0.02 ± 0.01 grams per kilogram per decade in the surface and intermediate waters of the open ocean, similar to the observed freshening. The enhanced rejection of salt near the coast of Antarctica associated with stronger sea-ice export counteracts the freshening of both continental shelf and newly formed bottom waters due to increases in glacial meltwater. Although the data sources underlying our results have substantial uncertainties, regional analyses and independent data from an atmospheric reanalysis support our conclusions. Our finding that northward sea-ice freshwater transport is also a key determinant of the mean salinity distribution in the Southern Ocean further underpins the importance of the sea-ice-induced freshwater flux. Through its influence on the density structure of the ocean, this process has critical consequences for the global climate by affecting the exchange of heat, carbon and nutrients between the deep ocean and surface waters.

  8. Sea-ice transport driving Southern Ocean salinity and its recent trends.

    PubMed

    Haumann, F Alexander; Gruber, Nicolas; Münnich, Matthias; Frenger, Ivy; Kern, Stefan

    2016-08-31

    Recent salinity changes in the Southern Ocean are among the most prominent signals of climate change in the global ocean, yet their underlying causes have not been firmly established. Here we propose that trends in the northward transport of Antarctic sea ice are a major contributor to these changes. Using satellite observations supplemented by sea-ice reconstructions, we estimate that wind-driven northward freshwater transport by sea ice increased by 20 ± 10 per cent between 1982 and 2008. The strongest and most robust increase occurred in the Pacific sector, coinciding with the largest observed salinity changes. We estimate that the additional freshwater for the entire northern sea-ice edge entails a freshening rate of -0.02 ± 0.01 grams per kilogram per decade in the surface and intermediate waters of the open ocean, similar to the observed freshening. The enhanced rejection of salt near the coast of Antarctica associated with stronger sea-ice export counteracts the freshening of both continental shelf and newly formed bottom waters due to increases in glacial meltwater. Although the data sources underlying our results have substantial uncertainties, regional analyses and independent data from an atmospheric reanalysis support our conclusions. Our finding that northward sea-ice freshwater transport is also a key determinant of the mean salinity distribution in the Southern Ocean further underpins the importance of the sea-ice-induced freshwater flux. Through its influence on the density structure of the ocean, this process has critical consequences for the global climate by affecting the exchange of heat, carbon and nutrients between the deep ocean and surface waters.

  9. Sea-ice transport driving Southern Ocean salinity and its recent trends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haumann, F. Alexander; Gruber, Nicolas; Münnich, Matthias; Frenger, Ivy; Kern, Stefan

    2016-09-01

    Recent salinity changes in the Southern Ocean are among the most prominent signals of climate change in the global ocean, yet their underlying causes have not been firmly established. Here we propose that trends in the northward transport of Antarctic sea ice are a major contributor to these changes. Using satellite observations supplemented by sea-ice reconstructions, we estimate that wind-driven northward freshwater transport by sea ice increased by 20 ± 10 per cent between 1982 and 2008. The strongest and most robust increase occurred in the Pacific sector, coinciding with the largest observed salinity changes. We estimate that the additional freshwater for the entire northern sea-ice edge entails a freshening rate of ‑0.02 ± 0.01 grams per kilogram per decade in the surface and intermediate waters of the open ocean, similar to the observed freshening. The enhanced rejection of salt near the coast of Antarctica associated with stronger sea-ice export counteracts the freshening of both continental shelf and newly formed bottom waters due to increases in glacial meltwater. Although the data sources underlying our results have substantial uncertainties, regional analyses and independent data from an atmospheric reanalysis support our conclusions. Our finding that northward sea-ice freshwater transport is also a key determinant of the mean salinity distribution in the Southern Ocean further underpins the importance of the sea-ice-induced freshwater flux. Through its influence on the density structure of the ocean, this process has critical consequences for the global climate by affecting the exchange of heat, carbon and nutrients between the deep ocean and surface waters.

  10. Intermediary metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi.

    PubMed

    Urbina, J A

    1994-03-01

    In this article, Julio Urbino discusses the characteristics o f the intermediary metabolism of Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative agent of Chagas disease), which are responsible for the unusual capacity of this parasite to use carbohydrates or amino acids as carbon and energy sources without drastic changes in its catabolic enzyme levels(1-3). Many, but not all, o f the metabolic capabilities of this organism are shared with Leishmania and the procyclic form o f the African trypanosomes, and the reviewer presents a metabolic model which is also consistent with the information available on these other parasites(2,4). PMID:15275492

  11. Estimating uncertainty caused by ocean heat transport to the North Sea: experiments downscaling EC-Earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, T.; Su, J.; Boberg, F.; Yang, S.; Schmith, T.

    2016-01-01

    The heat content of the North Sea is determined by the surface heat flux and the ocean heat transport into the region. The uncertainty in the projected warming in the North Sea caused by ocean heat transport has rarely been quantified. The difference in the estimates using regional ocean models is known to arise from the poorly prescribed temperature boundary forcing, either provided by global models at coarse grid resolutions, or from anomaly correction (using difference of the simulation from observed climatology) without interannual variation. In this study, two marine downscaling experiments were performed using boundary temperature forcings prepared with the two above mentioned strategies: one interpolated from a global model simulation (MI: model incl. interannual variation), and the other from observed climatology with warming trends in the future ocean derived from the global model simulation (OT: observed climatol. plus trend). The comparative experiments allowed us to estimate the uncertainty caused by ocean heat transport to the North Sea. The global climate model EC-Earth CMIP5 simulations of historical and future scenarios were used to provide lateral boundary forcing for regional models. The OT boundary was found to affect deep water temperatures (below 50 m) in the North Sea because of reduced interannual variability. The difference of mean temperature changes by 2100 (MI - OT) was up to 0.5 °C near the bottom across 58°N. While the deep water temperature in the North Sea did not directly link to the large-scale atmospheric circulation, the Norwegian outflow was highly correlated with the NAO index and heat transport of the Atlantic inflow provided by EC-Earth. It was found that model uncertainty due to the choice of lateral boundary forcing could be significant in the interannual variation of thermal stratification in the northern North Sea in a long-term simulation.

  12. Investigating bomb radiocarbon transport in the southern Pacific Ocean with otolith radiocarbon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grammer, G. L.; Fallon, S. J.; Izzo, C.; Wood, R.; Gillanders, B. M.

    2015-08-01

    To explore the transport of carbon into water masses from the surface ocean to depths of ∼ 1000 m in the southwest Pacific Ocean, we generated time series of radiocarbon (Δ14C) from fish otoliths. Otoliths (carbonate earstones) from long-lived fish provide an indirect method to examine the "bomb pulse" of radiocarbon that originated in the 1950s and 1960s, allowing identification of changes to distributions of 14C that has entered and mixed within the ocean. We micro-sampled ocean perch (Helicolenus barathri) otoliths, collected at ∼ 400- 500 m in the Tasman Sea, to obtain measurements of Δ14C for those depths. We compared our ocean perch Δ14C series to published otolith-based marine surface water Δ14C values (Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus) and nannygai (Centroberyx affinis)) and to published deep-water values (800-1000 m; orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus)) from the southwest Pacific to establish a mid-water Δ14C series. The otolith bomb 14C results from these different depths were consistent with previous water mass results in the upper 1500 m of the southwest Pacific Ocean (e.g. World Ocean Circulation Experiment and Geochemical Ocean Sections Study). A comparison between the initial Δ14C bomb pulse rise at 400-500 m suggested a ventilation lag of 5 to 10 yr, whereas a comparison of the surface and depths of 800-1000 m detailed a 10 to 20 yr lag in the time history of radiocarbon invasion at this depth. Pre-bomb reservoir ages derived from otolith 14C located in Tasman Sea thermocline waters were ∼ 530 yr, while reservoir ages estimated for Tasman Antarctic intermediate water were ∼ 730 yr.

  13. 42 CFR 421.100 - Intermediary functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intermediary functions. 421.100 Section 421.100 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... intermediary agreement. (7) Serving as a channel of communication to and from CMS of information,...

  14. Effects of tropical cyclones on large-scale circulation and ocean heat transport in the South China Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xidong; Wang, Chunzai; Han, Guijun; Li, Wei; Wu, Xinrong

    2014-12-01

    In this study, we investigate the influence of tropical cyclones (TCs) on large-scale circulation and ocean heat transport in the South China Sea (SCS) by using an ocean general circulation model at a 1/8° resolution during 2000-2008. The model uses a data assimilation system to assimilate observations in order to improve the representation of SCS circulation. The results reveal an unexpected deep SCS circulation anomaly induced by TCs, which suggests that effects of TC can penetrate deeper into the ocean. This deep effect may result from the near inertial oscillations excited by TCs. The inertial oscillations can propagate downward to the oceanic interior. The analyses confirm that TCs have two effects on ocean heat transport of the SCS. Firstly, the wind stress curl induced by TCs affects the structure of SCS circulation, and then changes heat transport. Secondly, TCs pump surface heat downward to the thermocline, increasing the heat injection from the atmosphere to the ocean. Two effects together amplify the outflow of the surface heat southward away the SCS through the Mindoro and Karimata Straits. The TC-induced heat transports through the Mindoro, Balabac and Karimata Straits account for 20 % of the total heat transport through three straits. An implication of this study is that ocean models need to simulate the TC effect on heat transport in order to correctly evaluate the role of the SCS through flow in regulating upper ocean circulation and climate in the Indonesian maritime continent and its adjacent regions.

  15. Study of mass and heat transport of the tropical Atlantic Ocean using models and altimeter data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Merle, Jacques; Arnault, S.; Morliere, A.; Verstraete, J. M.; Menard, Yves; Gourdeau, L.

    1991-01-01

    The specific objectives of this proposal are: (1) to assess the quality of the TOPEX/POSEIDON surface altimeter data in regard to its use for a large, low-frequency monitoring of the surface topography of the tropical Atlantic Ocean; (2) to develop a method, on a demonstration basis, to derive from the tropical Atlantic the depth of the thermocline and the heat content changes from the surface altimeter data field; (3) to develop a method of assimilation of altimeter data into Oceanic General Circulation Models (OGCM's) for the purpose of preparing an operational, permanent, three-dimensional now casting of the tropical Atlantic Ocean (a TOGA objective); and (4) to derive from these models global circulation fields and a time series of mass and meridional heat transports across the tropical Atlantic region (a WOCE objective).

  16. Grain Size Distribution and Geochemical Analysis of Terrigenous Minerals Transported to the Modern Atlantic Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hovan, S. A.; Ziegler, C.; Rea, D. K.; Murray, R. W.

    2001-05-01

    We examined core-top sediments recovered from 85 locations throughout the central and southern Atlantic Ocean to gain insight into possible source regions and transport modes and pathways of terrigenous minerals transported to the deep sea floor. Bulk sediments were treated with a sequential series of chemical leaches to remove biogenic and authigenic components and isolate the terrigenous mineral material. Once segregated, terrigenous sediment was analyzed for detailed grain size, mineralogical, and geochemical variability. From these data, we can infer several broadly-defined source regions and modes of transport for terrigenous grains carried to the deep Atlantic Ocean. In the central deep Atlantic, terrigenous grains are characterized by relatively fine-grained material (2 to 3 μ m), moderately to well-sorted (4-5 μ m std. dev.) and moderately low ratios of Al, Fe and Mn relative to Ti. Sites approaching the continental margins have grain size distributions with a slightly coarser mean and are more poorly sorted. South of about 20° S, terrigenous sediment display much coarser mean grain sizes (3-6 μ m), broader distributions (generally 8-10 μ m std. dev.) and slightly elevated elemental ratios relative to Ti. Grain size data from the southwestern sector of the Atlantic are coarser than the southeastern sector. These data broadly define several different regional transport modes. Terrigenous input to the tropical and subtropical Atlantic beyond about 2000 km away from the continental margin is likely dominated by eolian transport processes in the deeper basins along the flanks of the mid ocean ridges with material supplied from the arid Sahar-Sahel regions of northern Africa. At sites closer to the continental margin, turbidites and hemipelagic processes appear to be the main mechanisms that transport terrigenous material to the seafloor. In the southern Atlantic, grain size distribution data, geochemical patterns, and clay mineralogy (Petschick et al, 1996

  17. Oceanic transport of surface meltwater from the southern Greenland ice sheet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Hao; Castelao, Renato M.; Rennermalm, Asa K.; Tedesco, Marco; Bracco, Annalisa; Yager, Patricia L.; Mote, Thomas L.

    2016-07-01

    The Greenland ice sheet has undergone accelerating mass losses during recent decades. Freshwater runoff from ice melt can influence fjord circulation and dynamics and the delivery of bioavailable micronutrients to the ocean. It can also have climate implications, because stratification in the adjacent Labrador Sea may influence deep convection and the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Yet, the fate of the meltwater in the ocean remains unclear. Here, we use a high-resolution ocean model to show that only 1-15% of the surface meltwater runoff originating from southwest Greenland is transported westwards. In contrast, up to 50-60% of the meltwater runoff originating from southeast Greenland is transported westwards into the northern Labrador Sea, leading to significant salinity and stratification anomalies far from the coast. Doubling meltwater runoff, as predicted in future climate scenarios, results in a more-than-double increase in anomalies offshore that persists further into the winter. Interannual variability in offshore export of meltwater is tightly related to variability in wind forcing. The new insight that meltwaters originating from the west and east coasts have different fates indicates that future changes in mass loss rates and surface runoff will probably impact the ocean differently, depending on their Greenland origins.

  18. Oceanic Transport of Surface Meltwater from the Southern Greenland Ice Sheet

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luo, Hao; Castelao, Renato M.; Rennermalm, Asa K.; Tedesco, Marco; Bracco, Annalisa; Yager, Patricia L.; Mote, Thomas L.

    2016-01-01

    The Greenland ice sheet has undergone accelerating mass losses during recent decades. Freshwater runoff from ice melt can influence fjord circulation and dynamic1 and the delivery of bioavailable micronutrients to the ocean. It can also have climate implications, because stratification in the adjacent Labrador Sea may influence deep convection and the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Yet, the fate of the meltwater in the ocean remains unclear. Here, we use a high-resolution ocean model to show that only 1-15% of the surface meltwater runoff originating from southwest Greenland is transported westwards. In contrast, up to 50-60% of the meltwater runoff originating from southeast Greenland is transported westwards into the northern Labrador Sea, leading to significant salinity and stratification anomalies far from the coast. Doubling meltwater runoff, as predicted in future climate scenarios, results in a more-than-double increase in anomalies offshore that persists further into the winter. Interannual variability in offshore export of meltwater is tightly related to variability in wind forcing. The new insight that meltwaters originating from the west and east coasts have different fates indicates that future changes in mass loss rates and surface runoff will probably impact the ocean differently, depending on their Greenland origins.

  19. An assessment of the transport of atmospheric CO sub 2 into the Arctic Ocean

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, L.G.; Dyrssen, D. ); Jones, E.P. )

    1990-02-15

    Data on concentration of total carbonate together with calcium, total alkalinity, salinity, and temperature from the Canadian Expedition to Study the Alpha Ridge (CESAR) Ice Camp, the Ymer 80 expedition and the 1984 F.S. Polarstern Marginal Ice Zone Experiment (MIZEX 84) are used to assess the transport of CO{sub 2} into the different water masses of the Arctic Ocean. Most of this CO{sub 2} goes into the surface mixed layer and halocline waters. A small flux to the Atlantic layer is discernible. No flux to the deep water could be observed. It is possible to separate the carbon input to the Arctic Ocean into three components: carbon from the atmosphere fixed in river drainage basins (40 {plus minus} 20 {times} 10{sup 12} g C/yr), carbon from dissolved mineral calcium carbonate in river drainage basins (40 {plus minus} 20 {times} 10{sup 12} g C/yr), and carbon from the atmosphere fixed over the continental shelves (129 {plus minus} 65 {times} 10{sup 12} g C/yr). From these, the authors estimate the transport of decayed organic carbon from the tundra to the Atlantic Ocean and the new production of 45 {plus minus} 20 g C/m{sup 2}yr for biogenic carbon over the continental shelves of the Arctic Ocean.

  20. Efficient Transport of Nitric Acid in Urban Plumes Observed Over the North Atlantic Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neuman, J.; Parrish, D.; Trainer, M.; Brown, S.; Fehsenfeld, F.; Flocke, F.; Holloway, J.; Nowak, J.; Ryerson, T.; Stark, H.; Swanson, A.

    2005-12-01

    The processing of anthropogenic NOx emissions from urban and industrial sources was studied using data collected from an instrumented aircraft flying over the east coast of the United States and over the North Atlantic Ocean. Pollutants were sampled from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration WP-3 aircraft during the International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation study in July and August, 2004. Fast response measurements of reactive nitrogen compounds and carbon monoxide (CO) were obtained in crosswind transects of urban plumes in the New York City and Boston source regions and up to 1600 km downwind. The magnitude and geographical extent of the effects of NOx and its oxidation products depend on the NOx oxidation rates and pathways and on the atmospheric lifetime and loss mechanisms of the resulting secondary products. In urban plumes that were sampled further than 200 km from New York City and Boston, nitric acid was always the most abundant reactive nitrogen species and usually accounted for over 80% of the sum of NOx and its oxidation products. During this study, frequently plumes were transported above the marine boundary layer at a few hundred meters altitude and were decoupled from the surface, which allowed efficient transport of nitric acid that is not commonly observed at the surface, in the continental boundary layer, or in the free troposphere. In plumes observed over the remote North Atlantic Ocean, nitric acid mixing ratios were high (up to 50 ppbv) and the ratio of CO to reactive nitrogen changed little with plume age, reflecting the small depositional loss of nitric acid. Many of the photochemically aged urban plumes were characterized by the presence of tens of ppbv of nitric acid for several days. As a consequence of the slow removal of nitric acid from these air masses, NOx can be reformed from nitric acid photolysis and OH oxidation. The efficient transport of nitric acid may also allow for

  1. Effects of swell on transport and dispersion of oil plumes within the ocean mixed layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Bicheng; Yang, Di; Meneveau, Charles; Chamecki, Marcelo

    2016-05-01

    The transport in the ocean mixed layer (OML) of oil plumes originated from deepwater blowouts is studied using large eddy simulations. In particular, we focus on the effects of swell on the modulation of turbulence in the OML and its impact on oil transport. Results show that when the misalignment between the wind and the swell propagation is small, Langmuir cells develop and significantly enhance the vertical dilution of the oil plume. Conversely, when the misalignment is large, vertical dilution is suppressed when compared to the no-swell case. Due to the strong directional shear of the mean flow within the OML, plume depth significantly impacts mean transport direction. The size of oil droplets in the plume also plays an important role in vertical dilution and mean transport direction.

  2. Climatic Analysis of Oceanic Water Vapor Transports Based on Satellite E-P Datasets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Eric A.; Sohn, Byung-Ju; Mehta, Vikram

    2004-01-01

    Understanding the climatically varying properties of water vapor transports from a robust observational perspective is an essential step in calibrating climate models. This is tantamount to measuring year-to-year changes of monthly- or seasonally-averaged, divergent water vapor transport distributions. This cannot be done effectively with conventional radiosonde data over ocean regions where sounding data are generally sparse. This talk describes how a methodology designed to derive atmospheric water vapor transports over the world oceans from satellite-retrieved precipitation (P) and evaporation (E) datasets circumvents the problem of inadequate sampling. Ultimately, the method is intended to take advantage of the relatively complete and consistent coverage, as well as continuity in sampling, associated with E and P datasets obtained from satellite measurements. Independent P and E retrievals from Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) measurements, along with P retrievals from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) measurements, are used to obtain transports by solving a potential function for the divergence of water vapor transport as balanced by large scale E - P conditions.

  3. Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs.

    PubMed

    Schulz, Michael; Prospero, Joseph M; Baker, Alex R; Dentener, Frank; Ickes, Luisa; Liss, Peter S; Mahowald, Natalie M; Nickovic, Slobodan; García-Pando, Carlos Pérez; Rodríguez, Sergio; Sarin, Manmohan; Tegen, Ina; Duce, Robert A

    2012-10-01

    This paper reviews our knowledge of the measurement and modeling of mineral dust emissions to the atmosphere, its transport and deposition to the ocean, the release of iron from the dust into seawater, and the possible impact of that nutrient on marine biogeochemistry and climate. Of particular concern is our poor understanding of the mechanisms and quantities of dust deposition as well as the extent of iron solubilization from the dust once it enters the ocean. Model estimates of dust deposition in remote oceanic regions vary by more than a factor of 10. The fraction of the iron in dust that is available for use by marine phytoplankton is still highly uncertain. There is an urgent need for a long-term marine atmospheric surface measurement network, spread across all oceans. Because the southern ocean is characterized by large areas with high nitrate but low chlorophyll surface concentrations, that region is particularly sensitive to the input of dust and iron. Data from this region would be valuable, particularly at sites downwind from known dust source areas in South America, Australia, and South Africa. Coordinated field experiments involving both atmospheric and marine measurements are recommended to address the complex and interlinked processes and role of dust/Fe fertilization on marine biogeochemistry and climate.

  4. Evaluation of Oceanic Transport Statistics By Use of Transient Tracers and Bayesian Methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trossman, D. S.; Thompson, L.; Mecking, S.; Bryan, F.; Peacock, S.

    2013-12-01

    Key variables that quantify the time scales over which atmospheric signals penetrate into the oceanic interior and their uncertainties are computed using Bayesian methods and transient tracers from both models and observations. First, the mean residence times, subduction rates, and formation rates of Subtropical Mode Water (STMW) and Subpolar Mode Water (SPMW) in the North Atlantic and Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) in the Southern Ocean are estimated by combining a model and observations of chlorofluorocarbon-11 (CFC-11) via Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), statistical technique that weights model estimates according to how close they agree with observations. Second, a Bayesian method is presented to find two oceanic transport parameters associated with the age distribution of ocean waters, the transit-time distribution (TTD), by combining an eddying global ocean model's estimate of the TTD with hydrographic observations of CFC-11, temperature, and salinity. Uncertainties associated with objectively mapping irregularly spaced bottle data are quantified by making use of a thin-plate spline and then propagated via the two Bayesian techniques. It is found that the subduction of STMW, SPMW, and SAMW is mostly an advective process, but up to about one-third of STMW subduction likely owes to non-advective processes. Also, while the formation of STMW is mostly due to subduction, the formation of SPMW is mostly due to other processes. About half of the formation of SAMW is due to subduction and half is due to other processes. A combination of air-sea flux, acting on relatively short time scales, and turbulent mixing, acting on a wide range of time scales, is likely the dominant SPMW erosion mechanism. Air-sea flux is likely responsible for most STMW erosion, and turbulent mixing is likely responsible for most SAMW erosion. Two oceanic transport parameters, the mean age of a water parcel and the half-variance associated with the TTD, estimated using the model's tracers as

  5. Deep intrusions, lateral magma transport and related uplift at ocean island volcanoes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klügel, Andreas; Longpré, Marc-Antoine; García-Cañada, Laura; Stix, John

    2015-12-01

    Oceanic intraplate volcanoes grow by accumulation of erupted material as well as by coeval or discrete magmatic intrusions. Dykes and other intrusive bodies within volcanic edifices are comparatively well studied, but intrusive processes deep beneath the volcanoes remain elusive. Although there is geological evidence for deep magmatic intrusions contributing to volcano growth through uplift, this has rarely been demonstrated by real-time monitoring. Here we use geophysical and petrological data from El Hierro, Canary Islands, to show that intrusions from the mantle and subhorizontal transport of magma within the oceanic crust result in rapid endogenous island growth. Seismicity and ground deformation associated with a submarine eruption in 2011-2012 reveal deep subhorizontal intrusive sheets (sills), which have caused island-scale uplift of tens of centimetres. The pre-eruptive intrusions migrated 15-20 km laterally within the lower oceanic crust, opening pathways that were subsequently used by the erupted magmas to ascend from the mantle to the surface. During six post-eruptive episodes between 2012 and 2014, further sill intrusions into the lower crust and upper mantle have caused magma to migrate up to 20 km laterally, resulting in magma accumulation exceeding that of the pre-eruptive phase. A comparison of geobarometric data for the 2011-2012 El Hierro eruption with data for other Atlantic intraplate volcanoes shows similar bimodal pressure distributions, suggesting that eruptive phases are commonly accompanied by deep intrusions of sills and lateral magma transport. These processes add significant material to the oceanic crust, cause uplift, and are thus fundamentally important for the growth and evolution of volcanic islands. We suggest that the development of such a magma accumulation zone in the lower oceanic crust begins early during volcano evolution, and is a consequence of increasing size and complexity of the mantle reservoir system, and potentially

  6. Stochastic data assimilation methods for estimating ocean eddy heat transport using satellite altimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keating, S. R.; Majda, A.; Smith, K.

    2011-12-01

    The role of ocean eddies in redistributing heat from the tropics to the poles remains a poorly constrained feature of the global energy balance. Attempts to monitor eddy transport are strongly limited by the sparseness of available observations, the strong nonlinearity of the underlying dynamics, and the fact that heat transport is a quadratic, sign-indefinite quantity that is particularly sensitive to unresolved scales. In this study, a suite of stochastic data assimilation methods for estimating eddy heat transport are tested in idealized two-layer simulations of mesoscale oceanic turbulence at high and low latitudes under a range of observation scenarios. A novel feature of these strategies is the use of computationally inexpensive stochastic models to forecast the underlying nonlinear, non-Gaussian dynamics. The stochastic model parameters can be estimated by regression fitting to climatological energy spectra and correlation times or by adaptively learning these parameters ``on-the-fly'' from the observations themselves. It is shown that, by extracting high-wavenumber information that has been aliased into the low wavenumber band, one can derive ``stochastically superresolved'' velocity fields with a nominal resolution increase of a factor of two or more. Observations of the upper layer streamfunction are projected onto an empirical orthogonal function basis for the vertical structure to produce filtered estimates for both upper and lower layer streamfunctions and hence net heat transport. The resulting time-mean poleward eddy heat transport is significantly closer to the true value when compared with standard estimates based upon optimal interpolation. By contrast, the temporal variability of the heat transport is underestimated due to poor temporal resolution. Implications for estimating poleward eddy heat transport using current and next-generation altimeters are discussed.

  7. Hazardous off-gassing of carbon monoxide and oxygen depletion during ocean transportation of wood pellets.

    PubMed

    Svedberg, Urban; Samuelsson, Jerker; Melin, Staffan

    2008-06-01

    Five ocean vessels were investigated for the characterization and quantification of gaseous compounds emitted during ocean transportation of wood pellets in closed cargo hatches from Canada to Sweden. The study was initiated after a fatal accident with several injured during discharge in Sweden. The objective with the investigation was to better understand the off-gassing and issues related to workers' exposure. Air sampling was done during transport and immediately before discharge in the undisturbed headspace air above the wood pellets and in the staircase adjacent to each hatch. The samples were analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and direct reading instruments. The following compounds and ranges were detected in samples from the five ships: carbon monoxide (CO) 1460-14650 ppm, carbon dioxide (CO2) 2960-21570 ppm, methane 79.9-956 ppm, butane equivalents 63-842 ppm, ethylene 2-21.2 ppm, propylene 5.3-36 ppm, ethane 0-25 ppm and aldehydes 2.3-35 ppm. The oxygen levels were between 0.8 and 16.9%. The concentrations in the staircases were almost as high as in the cargo hatches, indicating a fairly free passage of air between the two spaces. A potentially dangerous atmosphere was reached within a week from loading. The conclusions are that ocean transportation of wood pellets in confined spaces may produce an oxygen deficient atmosphere and lethal levels of CO which may leak into adjacent access spaces. The dangerous combination of extremely high levels of CO and reduced oxygen produces a fast-acting toxic combination. Measurement of CO in combination with oxygen is essential prior to entry in spaces having air communication with cargo hatches of wood pellets. Forced ventilation of staircases prior to entry is necessary. Redesign, locking and labeling of access doors and the establishment of rigorous entry procedures and training of onboard crew as well as personnel boarding ocean vessels are also important.

  8. Heat Transport Compensation in Atmosphere and Ocean over the Past 22,000 Years

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Haijun; Zhao, Yingying; Liu, Zhengyu; Li, Qing; He, Feng; Zhang, Qiong

    2015-01-01

    The Earth’s climate has experienced dramatic changes over the past 22,000 years; however, the total meridional heat transport (MHT) of the climate system remains stable. A 22,000-year-long simulation using an ocean-atmosphere coupled model shows that the changes in atmosphere and ocean MHT are significant but tend to be out of phase in most regions, mitigating the total MHT change, which helps to maintain the stability of the Earth’s overall climate. A simple conceptual model is used to understand the compensation mechanism. The simple model can reproduce qualitatively the evolution and compensation features of the MHT over the past 22,000 years. We find that the global energy conservation requires the compensation changes in the atmosphere and ocean heat transports. The degree of compensation is mainly determined by the local climate feedback between surface temperature and net radiation flux at the top of the atmosphere. This study suggests that an internal mechanism may exist in the climate system, which might have played a role in constraining the global climate change over the past 22,000 years. PMID:26567710

  9. Investigation of hurricane Ivan using the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) model

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zambon, Joseph B.; He, Ruoying; Warner, John C.

    2014-01-01

    The coupled ocean–atmosphere–wave–sediment transport (COAWST) model is used to hindcast Hurricane Ivan (2004), an extremely intense tropical cyclone (TC) translating through the Gulf of Mexico. Sensitivity experiments with increasing complexity in ocean–atmosphere–wave coupled exchange processes are performed to assess the impacts of coupling on the predictions of the atmosphere, ocean, and wave environments during the occurrence of a TC. Modest improvement in track but significant improvement in intensity are found when using the fully atmosphere–ocean-wave coupled configuration versus uncoupled (e.g., standalone atmosphere, ocean, or wave) model simulations. Surface wave fields generated in the fully coupled configuration also demonstrates good agreement with in situ buoy measurements. Coupled and uncoupled model-simulated sea surface temperature (SST) fields are compared with both in situ and remote observations. Detailed heat budget analysis reveals that the mixed layer temperature cooling in the deep ocean (on the shelf) is caused primarily by advection (equally by advection and diffusion).

  10. The impact of advective transport by the South Indian Ocean Countercurrent on the Madagascar plankton bloom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huhn, F.; von Kameke, A.; Pérez-Muñuzuri, V.; Olascoaga, M. J.; Beron-Vera, F. J.

    2012-03-01

    Based on ten years (1998-2007) of satellite ocean color data we analyze the spatiotemporal patterns in the seasonal Madagascar plankton bloom with respect to the advection of the recently discovered Southern Indian Ocean Countercurrent (SICC). In maps of Finite-time Lyapunov Exponents (FTLE) and Finite-Time Zonal Drift (FTZD) computed from altimetry derived velocities we observe a narrow zonal jet that starts at ˜25°S at the southern tip of Madagascar, an important upwelling region, and extends to the east further than the largest plankton blooms (˜2500 km). In bloom years, the jet coincides with large parts of the northern boundary of the plankton bloom, acting as a barrier to meridional transport. Our findings suggest that advection is an important and so far underestimated mechanism for the eastward propagation and the extent of the plankton bloom. This supports the hypothesis of a single nutrient source south of Madagascar.

  11. Understanding the Atmospheric Response to Ocean Heat Transport: a Model Inter-Comparison

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rose, B.

    2012-12-01

    The oceans' contribution to poleward heat transport (1 to 2 PW) is dwarfed by the atmosphere, and yet ocean heat transport (OHT) exerts a powerful climatic influence by exciting various atmospheric feedbacks. OHT drives polar-amplified greenhouse warming through a dynamical redistribution of tropospheric water vapor, and helps set the strength and position of the ITCZ. These complex responses explicitly couple tropical and extra-tropical processes, and depend on interactions between large-scale dynamics and moist physics. Considerable insights have been drawn from recent idealized experiments with aquaplanet GCMs coupled to slab oceans with prescribed OHT convergence (q-flux). However sensitivity to uncertain model parameterizations pose a barrier to deeper understanding. I will introduce a new multi-institution collaboration called the Q-flux / Aquaplanet Model Inter-comparison Project (QAquMIP), designed to test the robustness of the climatic impact of OHT and its relationship to traditional climate sensitivity. A standardized set of GCM experiments, repeated across a broad range of models, are forced by a few simple analytical q-fluxes. Experimental controls include the meridional scale of poleward OHT, strength of inter-hemispheric OHT, and zonally asymmetric equatorial heating. I will compare robust spatial patterns of temperature and precipitation changes associated with OHT forcing to those driven by CO2, and discuss the underlying spatial pattern of atmospheric feedbacks. A recurring theme is the key role of moist convection in communicating sea surface heating signals throughout the atmosphere, with consequences for clouds, water vapor, radiation, and hydrology. QAquMIP will better constrain the possible role of the oceans in past warm climates, provide a standard framework for testing new parameterizations, and advance our fundamental understanding of the moist processes contributing to present-day climate sensitivity.

  12. A Mechanism for a Tropical Cloud Thermostat in response to Ocean Heat Transport Changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koll, D.; Pierrehumbert, R.; Abbot, D. S.

    2011-12-01

    Past studies have proposed that clouds could hold tropical temperatures constant in response to rising CO2 levels and thus act like a tropical thermostat. If such a thermostat exists, it would help explain the low meridional temperature gradients during the Pliocene and Eocene. Subsequent observational and theoretical work, however, has raised questions about the validity of a tropical cloud thermostat in response to changes in CO2 . Independently, recent work has suggested that tropical cyclones could have increased the ocean heat transport (OHT) and lowered temperature gradients in the Pliocene and Eocene. This motivates further theoretical investigation of the influence of OHT on tropical and global mean temperature. We consider this question with a global climate model (CAM4 and CAM5) that is coupled to a slab ocean run in aquaplanet mode with no sea ice. We force the model with an idealized OHT profile and vary the amplitude of the profile. We find that increased OHT raises global mean temperature and decreases the temperature gradient, consistent with previous studies. Unlike other studies, we also find a negative tropical cloud feedback that keeps tropical temperatures nearly constant in response to OHT changes, i.e., a cloud thermostat. The thermostat is linked to the global water feedback and atmospheric circulation. Increasing the OHT causes less evaporation in the tropics and a weaker Hadley circulation, both of which dry the deep tropics. This leads to less reflective clouds in the deep tropics, which causes a warming and counteracts the cooling effects of increased ocean heat export from the tropics. We investigate the thermostat's robustness across a large range of ocean heat transport strengths, including cases in which the ocean reverses its transport. We find that global temperatures and tropical clouds respond approximately linearly and antisymetrically to changes in OHT (see figure). In contrast, increases in CO2 cause a simple warming of both

  13. Climate change and larval transport in the ocean: fractional effects from physical and physiological factors.

    PubMed

    Kendall, Matthew S; Poti, Matt; Karnauskas, Kristopher B

    2016-04-01

    Changes in larval import, export, and self-seeding will affect the resilience of coral reef ecosystems. Climate change will alter the ocean currents that transport larvae and also increase sea surface temperatures (SST), hastening development, and shortening larval durations. Here, we use transport simulations to estimate future larval connectivity due to: (1) physical transport of larvae from altered circulation alone, and (2) the combined effects of altered currents plus physiological response to warming. Virtual larvae from islands throughout Micronesia were moved according to present-day and future ocean circulation models. The Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) spanning 2004-2012 represented present-day currents. For future currents, we altered HYCOM using analysis from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Earth System Model, version 1-Biogeochemistry, Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 experiment. Based on the NCAR model, regional SST is estimated to rise 2.74 °C which corresponds to a ~17% decline in larval duration for some taxa. This reduction was the basis for a separate set of simulations. Results predict an increase in self-seeding in 100 years such that 62-76% of islands experienced increased self-seeding, there was an average domainwide increase of ~1-3% points in self-seeding, and increases of up to 25% points for several individual islands. When changed currents alone were considered, approximately half (i.e., random) of all island pairs experienced decreased connectivity but when reduced PLD was added as an effect, ~65% of connections were weakened. Orientation of archipelagos relative to currents determined the directional bias in connectivity changes. There was no universal relationship between climate change and connectivity applicable to all taxa and settings. Islands that presently export large numbers of larvae but that also maintain or enhance this role into the future should be the focus of conservation

  14. Climate change and larval transport in the ocean: fractional effects from physical and physiological factors.

    PubMed

    Kendall, Matthew S; Poti, Matt; Karnauskas, Kristopher B

    2016-04-01

    Changes in larval import, export, and self-seeding will affect the resilience of coral reef ecosystems. Climate change will alter the ocean currents that transport larvae and also increase sea surface temperatures (SST), hastening development, and shortening larval durations. Here, we use transport simulations to estimate future larval connectivity due to: (1) physical transport of larvae from altered circulation alone, and (2) the combined effects of altered currents plus physiological response to warming. Virtual larvae from islands throughout Micronesia were moved according to present-day and future ocean circulation models. The Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) spanning 2004-2012 represented present-day currents. For future currents, we altered HYCOM using analysis from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Earth System Model, version 1-Biogeochemistry, Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 experiment. Based on the NCAR model, regional SST is estimated to rise 2.74 °C which corresponds to a ~17% decline in larval duration for some taxa. This reduction was the basis for a separate set of simulations. Results predict an increase in self-seeding in 100 years such that 62-76% of islands experienced increased self-seeding, there was an average domainwide increase of ~1-3% points in self-seeding, and increases of up to 25% points for several individual islands. When changed currents alone were considered, approximately half (i.e., random) of all island pairs experienced decreased connectivity but when reduced PLD was added as an effect, ~65% of connections were weakened. Orientation of archipelagos relative to currents determined the directional bias in connectivity changes. There was no universal relationship between climate change and connectivity applicable to all taxa and settings. Islands that presently export large numbers of larvae but that also maintain or enhance this role into the future should be the focus of conservation

  15. The origin of intermediary metabolism

    PubMed Central

    Morowitz, Harold J.; Kostelnik, Jennifer D.; Yang, Jeremy; Cody, George D.

    2000-01-01

    The core of intermediary metabolism in autotrophs is the citric acid cycle. In a certain group of chemoautotrophs, the reductive citric acid cycle is an engine of synthesis, taking in CO2 and synthesizing the molecules of the cycle. We have examined the chemistry of a model system of C, H, and O that starts with carbon dioxide and reductants and uses redox couples as the energy source. To inquire into the reaction networks that might emerge, we start with the largest available database of organic molecules, Beilstein on-line, and prune by a set of physical and chemical constraints applicable to the model system. From the 3.5 million entries in Beilstein we emerge with 153 molecules that contain all 11 members of the reductive citric acid cycle. A small number of selection rules generates a very constrained subset, suggesting that this is the type of reaction model that will prove useful in the study of biogenesis. The model indicates that the metabolism shown in the universal chart of pathways may be central to the origin of life, is emergent from organic chemistry, and may be unique. PMID:10859347

  16. The origin of intermediary metabolism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morowitz, H. J.; Kostelnik, J. D.; Yang, J.; Cody, G. D.

    2000-01-01

    The core of intermediary metabolism in autotrophs is the citric acid cycle. In a certain group of chemoautotrophs, the reductive citric acid cycle is an engine of synthesis, taking in CO(2) and synthesizing the molecules of the cycle. We have examined the chemistry of a model system of C, H, and O that starts with carbon dioxide and reductants and uses redox couples as the energy source. To inquire into the reaction networks that might emerge, we start with the largest available database of organic molecules, Beilstein on-line, and prune by a set of physical and chemical constraints applicable to the model system. From the 3.5 million entries in Beilstein we emerge with 153 molecules that contain all 11 members of the reductive citric acid cycle. A small number of selection rules generates a very constrained subset, suggesting that this is the type of reaction model that will prove useful in the study of biogenesis. The model indicates that the metabolism shown in the universal chart of pathways may be central to the origin of life, is emergent from organic chemistry, and may be unique.

  17. Distal transport of hydrothermal iron in the deep Eastern South Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fitzsimmons, J. N.; Jenkins, W. J.; Lee, J.; Kayser, R. A.; Boyle, E. A.

    2012-12-01

    While dust deposition and transport from continental margin sediments are usually thought to be the main inputs of iron to the surface ocean dissolved Fe (dFe) pool, Fe input to the deep ocean has been attributed mostly to remineralization of sinking biogenic particles. Hydrothermal vents are known to emit large amounts of Fe to the deep ocean, but most of this Fe precipitates near the ridge crest, so it is not clear that vents supply a significant amount of dFe to the deep ocean. Several recent studies have seen dFe maxima in the deep ocean near ridge crests and attributed this dFe to hydrothermal activity (Boyle & Jenkins, 2008; Klunder et al. 2011; Wu et al. 2011; Klunder et al. 2012; Noble et al. 2012). Hydrothermally-derived Fe is believed to be maintained in the dissolved phase by a combination of binding by organic ligands (Bennett et al. 2008; Sander & Koschinsky, 2012) and a nanoparticle/colloidal contribution to the dFe class (Yucel et al. 2011). Modeling efforts using the distribution of excess He-3 in deep waters arising from hydrothermal activity have predicted that deep ocean dFe may be much higher than currently believed, especially in the southern hemisphere (Tagliabue et al. 2010). In this presentation, we show the first deep ocean dFe data from two stations in the Eastern South Pacific Ocean (Station 7 at 26.3degS, 104degW and Station 4 at 23.5degS, 88.8degW). He-3 and dissolved manganese (dMn) distributions at these stations imply that hydrothermal activity is a significant source of dFe to the deep ocean in this region. Maximum deep dFe concentrations at 2250m reach 1.5 nmol/kg at Station 7 and are still 0.86 nmol/kg at Station 4, thousands of kilometers from presumed East Pacific Rise hydrothermal sources. Excess He-3 and dFe are correlated in the plume maximum by comparison of the measured dFe with nearby WOCE He-3 stations spatially interpolated on isopycnals. We observe a slope of 1.1-2.0 x 10^6 mol Fe/mol He-3, similar to but somewhat

  18. Ocean heat transport into the Arctic in the twentieth and twenty-first century in EC-Earth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koenigk, Torben; Brodeau, Laurent

    2014-06-01

    The ocean heat transport into the Arctic and the heat budget of the Barents Sea are analyzed in an ensemble of historical and future climate simulations performed with the global coupled climate model EC-Earth. The zonally integrated northward heat flux in the ocean at 70°N is strongly enhanced and compensates for a reduction of its atmospheric counterpart in the twenty first century. Although an increase in the northward heat transport occurs through all of Fram Strait, Canadian Archipelago, Bering Strait and Barents Sea Opening, it is the latter which dominates the increase in ocean heat transport into the Arctic. Increased temperature of the northward transported Atlantic water masses are the main reason for the enhancement of the ocean heat transport. The natural variability in the heat transport into the Barents Sea is caused to the same extent by variations in temperature and volume transport. Large ocean heat transports lead to reduced ice and higher atmospheric temperature in the Barents Sea area and are related to the positive phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation. The net ocean heat transport into the Barents Sea grows until about year 2050. Thereafter, both heat and volume fluxes out of the Barents Sea through the section between Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya are strongly enhanced and compensate for all further increase in the inflow through the Barents Sea Opening. Most of the heat transported by the ocean into the Barents Sea is passed to the atmosphere and contributes to warming of the atmosphere and Arctic temperature amplification. Latent and sensible heat fluxes are enhanced. Net surface long-wave and solar radiation are enhanced upward and downward, respectively and are almost compensating each other. We find that the changes in the surface heat fluxes are mainly caused by the vanishing sea ice in the twenty first century. The increasing ocean heat transport leads to enhanced bottom ice melt and to an extension of the area with bottom ice

  19. Upward nitrate transport by phytoplankton in oceanic waters: balancing nutrient budgets in oligotrophic seas

    PubMed Central

    Pilskaln, Cynthia H.; Montoya, Joseph P.; Dennett, Mark

    2014-01-01

    In oceanic subtropical gyres, primary producers are numerically dominated by small (1–5 µm diameter) pro- and eukaryotic cells that primarily utilize recycled nutrients produced by rapid grazing turnover in a highly efficient microbial loop. Continuous losses of nitrogen (N) to depth by sinking, either as single cells, aggregates or fecal pellets, are balanced by both nitrate inputs at the base of the euphotic zone and N2-fixation. This input of new N to balance export losses (the biological pump) is a fundamental aspect of N cycling and central to understanding carbon fluxes in the ocean. In the Pacific Ocean, detailed N budgets at the time-series station HOT require upward transport of nitrate from the nutricline (80–100 m) into the surface layer (∼0–40 m) to balance productivity and export needs. However, concentration gradients are negligible and cannot support the fluxes. Physical processes can inject nitrate into the base of the euphotic zone, but the mechanisms for transporting this nitrate into the surface layer across many 10s of m in highly stratified systems are unknown. In these seas, vertical migration by the very largest (102–103 µm diameter) phytoplankton is common as a survival strategy to obtain N from sub-euphotic zone depths. This vertical migration is driven by buoyancy changes rather than by flagellated movement and can provide upward N transport as nitrate (mM concentrations) in the cells. However, the contribution of vertical migration to nitrate transport has been difficult to quantify over the required basin scales. In this study, we use towed optical systems and isotopic tracers to show that migrating diatom (Rhizosolenia) mats are widespread in the N. Pacific Ocean from 140°W to 175°E and together with other migrating phytoplankton (Ethmodiscus, Halosphaera, Pyrocystis, and solitary Rhizosolenia) can mediate time-averaged transport of N (235 µmol N m-2 d-1) equivalent to eddy nitrate injections (242 µmol NO3− m-2 d-1

  20. Transport of very short-lived halocarbons from the Indian Ocean to the stratosphere through the Asian monsoon circulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fiehn, Alina; Hepach, Helmke; Atlas, Elliot; Quack, Birgit; Tegtmeier, Susann; Krüger, Kirstin

    2016-04-01

    Halogenated organic compounds are naturally produced in the ocean and emitted to the atmosphere. The halogenated very short-lived substances (VSLS), such as bromoform, have atmospheric lifetimes of less than half a year. When VSLS reach the stratosphere, they enhance ozone depletion and thus impact the climate. During boreal summer, the Asian monsoon circulation transfers air masses from the Asian troposphere to the global stratosphere. Still, the extent to which VSLS from the Indian Ocean contribute to the stratospheric halogen burden and their exact origin is unclear. Here we show that the monsoon circulation transports VSLS from the Indian Ocean to the stratosphere. During the research cruises SO234-2 and SO235 in July-August 2014 onboard RV SONNE, we measured oceanic and atmospheric concentrations of bromoform (tropical lifetime at 10 km = 17 days), dibromomethane (150 days) and methyl iodide (3.5 days) in the subtropical and tropical West Indian Ocean and calculated their emission strengths. We use the Langrangian transport model FLEXPART driven by ERA-Interim meteorological fields to investigate the transport of oceanic emissions in the atmosphere. We analyze the direct contribution of observed bromoform emissions to the stratospheric halogen budget with forward trajectories. Furthermore, we investigate the connection between the Asian monsoon anticyclone and the oceanic source regions using backward trajectories. The West Indian Ocean is a strong source region of VSLS to the atmosphere and the monsoon transport is fast enough for bromoform to reach the stratosphere. However, the main source regions for the entrainment of oceanic air masses through the Asian monsoon anticyclone are the West Pacific and Bay of Bengal as well as the Arabian Sea. Our findings indicate that changes in emission or circulation in this area due to climate change can directly affect the stratospheric halogen burden and thus the ozone layer.

  1. Transport and fate of hexachlorocyclohexanes in the oceanic air and surface seawater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, Z.; Koch, B. P.; Möller, A.; Sturm, R.; Ebinghaus, R.

    2011-06-01

    Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants derived from pesticide application. They are subject to long-range transport, persistent in the environment, and capable of accumulation in biota. Shipboard measurements of HCH isomers (α-, γ- and β-HCH) in surface seawater and boundary layer atmospheric samples were conducted in the Atlantic and the Southern Ocean in October to December of 2008. ΣHCHs concentrations (the sum of α-, γ- and β-HCH) in the lower atmosphere ranged from 11.8 to 36.9 pg m-3 (mean: 26.6 ± 11.0 pg m-3) in the Northern Hemisphere (NH), and from 1.5 to 4.0 pg m-3 (mean: 2.8 ± 1.1 pg m-3) in the Southern Hemisphere (SH), respectively. Water concentrations were: α-HCH 0.33-46.8 pg l-1, γ-HCH 0.02-33.2 pg l-1 and β-HCH 0.11-2 pg l-1. HCH concentrations decreased from the North Atlantic to the Southern Ocean, indicating historical use of HCHs in the NH. Spatial distribution showed increasing concentrations from the equator towards North and South latitudes illustrating the concept of cold condensation and less interhemispheric mixing process. In comparison to concentrations measured in 1987-1999/2000, gaseous HCHs were slightly lower, while dissolved HCHs decreased by factor of 2-3 orders of magnitude. Air-water exchange gradients suggested net deposition for α-HCH (mean: 3759 pg m-2 day-1) and γ-HCH (mean: 1987 pg m-2 day-1), whereas β-HCH varied between equilibrium (volatilization: <0-12 pg m-2 day-1) and net deposition (range: 6-687 pg m-2 day-1), indicating a multi-hopper transport behavior. Climate change may significantly accelerate the releasing process of "old" HCHs from continental storage (e.g. soil, vegetation and high mountains) and drive long-range transport from sources to deposition in the open oceans. Biological productivities may interfere with the air-water exchange process as well. Consequently, further investigation is necessary to elucidate the long term trends and the biogeochemical turnover of

  2. Deep Ocean Circulation, Heat Transport and the Timing of Climate Change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curry, W. B.; Lynch-Stieglitz, J.

    2015-12-01

    Since the 1960s, changes in the production of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) have been invoked as a way to influence climate changes in the southern hemisphere, to synchronize the changes in both hemispheres or to trigger an early climate response in the southern hemisphere. While not the first to document the role of NADW and changes in heat transport in hemispheric linkages, Tom Crowley's 1992 paper "North Atlantic Deep Water Cools the Southern Hemisphere" was an elegant and influential contribution outlining how changes in NADW production may have caused the early southern hemisphere response seen on orbital time scales by Hays, Imbrie and Shackleton (1976) as well as other researchers studying climate variability in marine sediments and polar ice cores. Our understanding of climate change and ocean circulation has improved greatly since the early 1990s. Modern observations have increased our understanding of processes governing deep water production, mixing and circulation. A dedicated community effort to better reconstruct past changes in ocean circulation has resulted in: 1) longer and more highly-resolved time series of deep water production on orbital time scales; 2) reconstructions of the bathymetric and geographic distribution of nutrients that are affected by circulation and water mass geometry; 3) the development of new ways to determine rates of ocean overturning, especially in the Atlantic; and 4) the development of highly-resolved records of ocean circulation that document variability on centennial and millennial time scales. In this presentation we aim to synthesize the current state of understanding of deep water production and climate change on these longer time scales.

  3. The role of ocean heat transport in the habitaility of tidal-locking exoplanets around M dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Y.; Yang, J.

    2013-12-01

    The distinctive feature of tidally locked exoplanets is the very uneven heating by stellar radiation between the dayside and nightside. Previous work has focused on the role of atmospheric heat transport in preventing atmospheric collapse on the nightside for terrestrial exoplanets in the habitable zone (HZ) around M dwarfs. In the present paper, we carry out the first simulation with a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) to investigate the role of ocean heat transport in climate states of tidally locked habitable exoplanets around M dwarfs. Our simulation results demonstrate that ocean heat transport substantially extends the area of open water along the equator, showing a lobster-like spatial pattern of open water, instead of an 'eyeball'. For sufficiently high-level greenhouse gases or strong stellar radiation, ocean heat transport can even lead to complete deglaciation of the nightside. Our simulations also suggest that ocean heat transport likely narrows the width of M dwarfs' HZ. This study provides the first demonstration of the importance of exo-oceanography in determining climate states and habitability of exoplanets.

  4. Long-distance lateral magma transport from intra-oceanic island arc volcanoes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishizuka, O.; Geshi, N.; Kawanabe, Y.; Ogitsu, I.; Tuzino, T.; Nakano, S.; Arai, K.; Sakamoto, I.; Taylor, R. N.; Sano, K.; Yamamoto, T.

    2011-12-01

    Long-distance lateral magma transport in oceanic island arc volcanoes is emerging as a common phenomenon where the regional stress regime is favorable. It should also be recognized as an important factor in the construction and growth of island arcs. In this contribution, we report on recent investigations into the magma plumbing of Izu-Oshima volcano: an active basaltic volcano with an extensive fissure system. Geophysical observations in the Izu-Bonin intra-oceanic island arc indicate that magma is transported long distances laterally from the main basaltic composite volcano. When Miyakejima erupted in 2000, seismic activity migrated about 30km northwestward from the volcanic centre (Geshi et al., 2002). This event is interpreted to reflect northwestward dike injection and propagation from Miyakejima, transporting magma at a depth range between 12 and 20km (Kodaira et al., 2002). We demonstrated that long-distance lateral magma transport also occurred at the Nishiyama volcano on Hachijojima Island using petrological, geochemical and structural studies of satellite vents (Ishizuka et al., 2008). Nishiyama provided evidence for two types of magma transport. In the first type, primitive magma moved laterally NNW for at least 20km in the middle to lower crust (10-20km deep). The other type is characterized by magmas that have experienced differentiation in a shallow magma chamber beneath Nishiyama and have been transported short distances (<5km). The long-distance magma transport seems to be controlled by a regional extensional stress regime, while short distance transport may be controlled by local stress regime affected by the load generated by the main volcanic edifice. Izu-Oshima volcano comprises numerous, subparallel NW-SE trending submarine ridges extending up to 22 km to the NW and SE from the summit of Izu-Oshima. A recent diving survey has revealed that: 1) NW-SE trending ridges are fissures which erupted basaltic spatter and lava flows. 2) Basaltic

  5. Temperature Modulates the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Intestinal Ion Transport in Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua.

    PubMed

    Hu, Marian Y; Michael, Katharina; Kreiss, Cornelia M; Stumpp, Meike; Dupont, Sam; Tseng, Yung-Che; Lucassen, Magnus

    2016-01-01

    CO2-driven seawater acidification has been demonstrated to enhance intestinal bicarbonate secretion rates in teleosts, leading to an increased release of CaCO3 under simulated ocean acidification scenarios. In this study, we investigated if increasing CO2 levels stimulate the intestinal acid-base regulatory machinery of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and whether temperatures at the upper limit of thermal tolerance stimulate or counteract ion regulatory capacities. Juvenile G. morhua were acclimated for 4 weeks to three CO2 levels (550, 1200, and 2200 μatm) covering present and near-future natural variability, at optimum (10°C) and summer maximum temperature (18°C), respectively. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the subcellular localization of ion transporters, including Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA), Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger 3 (NHE3), Na(+)/[Formula: see text] cotransporter (NBC1), pendrin-like Cl(-)/[Formula: see text] exchanger (SLC26a6), V-type H(+)-ATPase subunit a (VHA), and Cl(-) channel 3 (CLC3) in epithelial cells of the anterior intestine. At 10°C, proteins and mRNA were generally up-regulated for most transporters in the intestinal epithelium after acclimation to higher CO2 levels. This supports recent findings demonstrating increased intestinal [Formula: see text] secretion rates in response to CO2 induced seawater acidification. At 18°C, mRNA expression and protein concentrations of most ion transporters remained unchanged or were even decreased, suggesting thermal compensation. This response may be energetically favorable to retain blood [Formula: see text] levels to stabilize pHe, but may negatively affect intestinal salt and water resorption of marine teleosts in future oceans. PMID:27313538

  6. Lagrangian coherent structures, transport and chaotic mixing in simple kinematic ocean models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budyansky, M. V.; Uleysky, M. Yu.; Prants, S. V.

    2007-02-01

    Methods of dynamical system's theory are used for numerical study of transport and mixing of passive particles (water masses, temperature, salinity, pollutants, etc.) in simple kinematic ocean models composed with the main Eulerian coherent structures in a randomly fluctuating ocean—a jet-like current and an eddy. Advection of passive tracers in a periodically-driven flow consisting of a background stream and an eddy (the model inspired by the phenomenon of topographic eddies over mountains in the ocean and atmosphere) is analyzed as an example of chaotic particle's scattering and transport. A numerical analysis reveals a non-attracting chaotic invariant set Λ that determines scattering and trapping of particles from the incoming flow. It is shown that both the trapping time for particles in the mixing region and the number of times their trajectories wind around the vortex have hierarchical fractal structure as functions of the initial particle's coordinates. Scattering functions are singular on a Cantor set of initial conditions, and this property should manifest itself by strong fluctuations of quantities measured in experiments. The Lagrangian structures in our numerical experiments are shown to be similar to those found in a recent laboratory dye experiment at Woods Hole. Transport and mixing of passive particles is studied in the kinematic model inspired by the interaction of a current (like the Gulf Stream or the Kuroshio) with an eddy in a noisy environment. We demonstrate a non-trivial phenomenon of noise-induced clustering of passive particles and propose a method to find such clusters in numerical experiments. These clusters are patches of advected particles which can move together in a random velocity field for comparatively long time. The clusters appear due to existence of regions of stability in the phase space which is the physical space in the advection problem.

  7. Temperature Modulates the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Intestinal Ion Transport in Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua.

    PubMed

    Hu, Marian Y; Michael, Katharina; Kreiss, Cornelia M; Stumpp, Meike; Dupont, Sam; Tseng, Yung-Che; Lucassen, Magnus

    2016-01-01

    CO2-driven seawater acidification has been demonstrated to enhance intestinal bicarbonate secretion rates in teleosts, leading to an increased release of CaCO3 under simulated ocean acidification scenarios. In this study, we investigated if increasing CO2 levels stimulate the intestinal acid-base regulatory machinery of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and whether temperatures at the upper limit of thermal tolerance stimulate or counteract ion regulatory capacities. Juvenile G. morhua were acclimated for 4 weeks to three CO2 levels (550, 1200, and 2200 μatm) covering present and near-future natural variability, at optimum (10°C) and summer maximum temperature (18°C), respectively. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the subcellular localization of ion transporters, including Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA), Na(+)/H(+)-exchanger 3 (NHE3), Na(+)/[Formula: see text] cotransporter (NBC1), pendrin-like Cl(-)/[Formula: see text] exchanger (SLC26a6), V-type H(+)-ATPase subunit a (VHA), and Cl(-) channel 3 (CLC3) in epithelial cells of the anterior intestine. At 10°C, proteins and mRNA were generally up-regulated for most transporters in the intestinal epithelium after acclimation to higher CO2 levels. This supports recent findings demonstrating increased intestinal [Formula: see text] secretion rates in response to CO2 induced seawater acidification. At 18°C, mRNA expression and protein concentrations of most ion transporters remained unchanged or were even decreased, suggesting thermal compensation. This response may be energetically favorable to retain blood [Formula: see text] levels to stabilize pHe, but may negatively affect intestinal salt and water resorption of marine teleosts in future oceans.

  8. Temperature Modulates the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Intestinal Ion Transport in Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Marian Y.; Michael, Katharina; Kreiss, Cornelia M.; Stumpp, Meike; Dupont, Sam; Tseng, Yung-Che; Lucassen, Magnus

    2016-01-01

    CO2-driven seawater acidification has been demonstrated to enhance intestinal bicarbonate secretion rates in teleosts, leading to an increased release of CaCO3 under simulated ocean acidification scenarios. In this study, we investigated if increasing CO2 levels stimulate the intestinal acid–base regulatory machinery of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and whether temperatures at the upper limit of thermal tolerance stimulate or counteract ion regulatory capacities. Juvenile G. morhua were acclimated for 4 weeks to three CO2 levels (550, 1200, and 2200 μatm) covering present and near-future natural variability, at optimum (10°C) and summer maximum temperature (18°C), respectively. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the subcellular localization of ion transporters, including Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA), Na+/H+-exchanger 3 (NHE3), Na+/HCO3− cotransporter (NBC1), pendrin-like Cl−/HCO3− exchanger (SLC26a6), V-type H+-ATPase subunit a (VHA), and Cl− channel 3 (CLC3) in epithelial cells of the anterior intestine. At 10°C, proteins and mRNA were generally up-regulated for most transporters in the intestinal epithelium after acclimation to higher CO2 levels. This supports recent findings demonstrating increased intestinal HCO3− secretion rates in response to CO2 induced seawater acidification. At 18°C, mRNA expression and protein concentrations of most ion transporters remained unchanged or were even decreased, suggesting thermal compensation. This response may be energetically favorable to retain blood HCO3− levels to stabilize pHe, but may negatively affect intestinal salt and water resorption of marine teleosts in future oceans. PMID:27313538

  9. Transport and storage of CO2 in the ocean ——an inorganic ocean-circulation carbon cycle model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maier-Reimer, E.; Hasselmann, K.

    1987-08-01

    Inorganic carbon in the ocean is modelled as a passive tracer advected by a three-dimensional current field computed from a dynamical global ocean circulation model. The carbon exchange between the ocean and atmosphere is determined directly from the (temperature-dependent) chemical interaction rates in the mixed layer, using a standard CO2 flux relation at the air-sea interface. The carbon cycle is closed by coupling the ocean to a one-layer, horizontally diffusive atmosphere. Biological sources and sinks are not included. In this form the ocean carbon model contains essentially no free tuning parameters. The model may be regarded as a reference for interpreting numerical experiments with extended versions of the model including biological processes in the ocean (Bacastow R and Maier-Reimer E in prep.) and on land (Esser G et al in prep.). Qualitatively, the model reproduces the principal features of the observed CO2 distribution bution in the surface ocean. However, the amplitudes of surface pCO2 are underestimated in upwelling regions by a factor of the order of 1.5 due to the missing biological pump. The model without biota may, nevertheless, be applied to compute the storage capacity of the ocean to first order for anthropogenic CO2 emissions. In the linear regime, the response of the model may be represented by an impulse response function which can be approximated by a superposition of exponentials with different amplitudes and time constants. This provides a simple reference for comparison with box models. The largest-amplitude (˜0.35) exponential has a time constant of 300 years. The effective storage capacity of the oceans is strongly dependent on the time history of the anthropogenic input, as found also in earlier box model studies.

  10. Understanding the Transport of Patagonian Dust and Its Influence on Marine Biological Activity in the South Atlantic Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Matthew; Meskhidze, Nicholas; Kiliyanpilakkil, Praju; Gasso, Santiago

    2010-01-01

    Modeling and remote sensing techniques were applied to examine the horizontal and vertical transport pathways of Patagonian dust and quantify the effect of soluble-iron- laden mineral dust deposition on marine primary productivity in the South Atlantic Ocean (SAO) surface waters. The global chemistry transport model GEOS-Chem, implemented with an iron dissolution scheme, was applied to evaluate the atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust and bioavailable iron during two dust outbreaks originating in the source regions of Patagonia. In addition to this "rapidly released" iron, offline calculations were also carried out to estimate the amount of bioavailable iron leached during the residence time of dust in the ocean mixed layer. Model simulations showed that the horizontal and vertical transport pathways of Patagonian dust plumes were largely influenced by the synoptic meteorological patterns of high and low pressure systems. Model-predicted horizontal and vertical transport pathways of Patagonian dust over the SAO were in reasonable agreement with remotely-sensed data. Comparison between remotely-sensed and offline calculated ocean surface chlorophyll-a concentrations indicated that, for the two dust outbreaks examined in this study, the deposition of bioavailable iron in the SAO through atmospheric pathways was insignificant. As the two dust transport episodes examined here represent typical outflows of mineral dust from South American sources, our study suggests that the atmospheric deposition of mineral dust is unlikely to induce large scale marine primary productivity and carbon sequestration in the South Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean.

  11. Estimation of Fresh and Salt Water Fluxes and Transports in the Indian Ocean using satellite observations and model simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bulusu, Subrahmanyam; Nyadjro, Ebenezer

    2014-05-01

    This study describes the fresh and salt water fluxes and transports in the Indian Ocean using satellite-derived salinity observations from the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) and Aquarius missions, and model outputs from the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) and the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) Re-analysis. Argo salinity data is used to validate the aforementioned salinity datasets. Salt budget estimations using SMOS salinity data show favorable comparisons with published results, with the potential for additional novel studies when more valid satellite-derived salinity data become available. On seasonal time scales, there is a considerable exchange of salt and fresh waters between the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS) and vice versa. The pathways of the high/low salinity waters are identified using satellite observations. The Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) changes in the Southeastern Arabian Sea are as a result of the advection of low salinity waters from the BoB via coastal Kelvin waves. The long term mean salt transport shows seasonal reversals that are more pronounced in the northern Indian Ocean than in the southern Indian Ocean. Meridional salt transport is northward along the Somali Current (SC) in the Arabian Sea and the East India coastal Current (EICC) in the Bay of Bengal during the southwest monsoon season. The opposite holds during the northeast monsoon season. Mean zonal salt transport is of a higher magnitude than the meridional component and shows significant seasonal reversals in the equatorial region. Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analyses of meridional salt transport show that the variability is primarily seasonally driven and is the result of seasonally reversing monsoonal winds and currents. The amplitudes of the EOFs suggest that the Indian Ocean dipole may also influence the variability. Spatially, the most variable regions are along the northeast African coast, and in the eastern Arabian Sea, the Bay of

  12. Transport and fate of hexachlorocyclohexanes in the oceanic air and surface seawater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, Z.; Koch, B. P.; Möller, A.; Sturm, R.; Ebinghaus, R.

    2011-09-01

    Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) are ubiquitous organic pollutants derived from pesticide application. They are subject to long-range transport, persistent in the environment, and capable of accumulation in biota. Shipboard measurements of HCH isomers (α-, γ- and β-HCH) in surface seawater and boundary layer atmospheric samples were conducted in the Atlantic and the Southern Ocean in October to December of 2008. ΣHCHs concentrations (the sum of α-, γ- and β-HCH) in the lower atmosphere ranged from 12 to 37 pg m-3 (mean: 27 ± 11 pg m-3) in the Northern Hemisphere (NH), and from 1.5 to 4.0 pg m-3 (mean: 2.8 ± 1.1 pg m-3) in the Southern Hemisphere (SH), respectively. Water concentrations were: α-HCH 0.33-47 pg l-1, γ-HCH 0.02-33 pg l-1 and β-HCH 0.11-9.5 pg l-1. Dissolved HCH concentrations decreased from the North Atlantic to the Southern Ocean, indicating historical use of HCHs in the NH. Spatial distribution showed increasing concentrations from the equator towards North and South latitudes illustrating the concept of cold trapping in high latitudes and less interhemispheric mixing process. In comparison to concentrations measured in 1987-1999/2000, gaseous HCHs were slightly lower, while dissolved HCHs decreased by factor of 2-3 orders of magnitude. Air-water exchange gradients suggested net deposition for α-HCH (mean: 3800 pg m-2 day-1) and γ-HCH (mean: 2000 pg m-2 day-1), whereas β-HCH varied between equilibrium (volatilization: <0-12 pg m-2 day-1) and net deposition (range: 6-690 pg m-2 day-1). Climate change may significantly accelerate the release of "old" HCHs from continental storage (e.g. soil, vegetation and high mountains) and drive long-range transport from sources to deposition in the open oceans. Biological productivities may interfere with the air-water exchange process as well. Consequently, further investigation is necessary to elucidate the long term trends and the biogeochemical turnover of HCHs in the oceanic environment.

  13. Certification Intermediaries and the Alternative (Poster)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chia, Pern Hui

    Albano and Lizzeri showed that if quality is endogenous, the existence of a certification intermediary will improve product quality [1]. If quality is exogenous, an intermediary will also improve welfare by not certifying unsafe products; however, it is optimal for a monopolistic intermediary to disclose only minimal information necessary to induce trade [3]. Indeed, many certification schemes today specify only whether a product (website, software) has met a minimal set of requirements. When the criteria are lenient, costs for certification will be indifferent, causing the separating equilibrium to diminish and thus not providing a reliable signal. Edelman showed empirically that TRUSTe-certified websites were more likely to be untrustworthy compared to non-certified websites [2].

  14. Numerical simulation of Typhoon Muifa (2011) using a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) modeling system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Na; Ling, Tiejun; Wang, Hui; Zhang, Yunfei; Gao, Zhiyi; Wang, Yi

    2015-04-01

    The newly developed Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) Modeling System is applied to investigate typhoon-ocean interactions in this study. The COAWST modeling system represents the state-of-the-art numerical simulation technique comprising several coupled models to study coastal and environmental processes. The modeling system is applied to simulate Typhoon Muifa (2011), which strengthened from a tropical storm to a super typhoon in the Northwestern Pacific, to explore the heat fluxes exchanged among the processes simulated using the atmosphere model WRF, ocean model ROMS and wave model SWAN. These three models adopted the same horizontal grid. Three numerical experiments with different coupling configurations are performed in order to investigate the impact of typhoon-ocean interaction on the intensity and ocean response to typhoon. The simulated typhoon tracks and intensities agree with observations. Comparisons of the simulated variables with available atmospheric and oceanic observations show the good performance of using the coupled modeling system for simulating the ocean and atmosphere processes during a typhoon event. The fully coupled simulation that includes a ocean model identifies a decreased SST as a result of the typhoon-forced entrainment. Typhoon intensity and wind speed are reduced due to the decrease of the sea surface temperature when using a coupled ocean model. The experiments with ocean coupled to atmosphere also results in decreased sea surface heat flux and air temperature. The heat flux decreases by about 29% compared to the WRF only case. The reduction of the energy induced by SST decreases, resulting in weakening of the typhoon. Coupling of the waves to the atmosphere and ocean model induces a slight increase of SST in the typhoon center area with the ocean-atmosphere interaction increased as a result of wave feedback to atmosphere.

  15. A mass-conserving advection scheme for offline simulation of scalar transport in coastal ocean models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gillibrand, P. A.; Herzfeld, M.

    2016-05-01

    We present a flux-form semi-Lagrangian (FFSL) advection scheme designed for offline scalar transport simulation with coastal ocean models using curvilinear horizontal coordinates. The scheme conserves mass, overcoming problems of mass conservation typically experienced with offline transport models, and permits long time steps (relative to the Courant number) to be used by the offline model. These attributes make the method attractive for offline simulation of tracers in biogeochemical or sediment transport models using archived flow fields from hydrodynamic models. We describe the FFSL scheme, and test it on two idealised domains and one real domain, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. For comparison, we also include simulations using a traditional semi-Lagrangian advection scheme for the offline simulations. We compare tracer distributions predicted by the offline FFSL transport scheme with those predicted by the original hydrodynamic model, assess the conservation of mass in all cases and contrast the computational efficiency of the schemes. We find that the FFSL scheme produced very good agreement with the distributions of tracer predicted by the hydrodynamic model, and conserved mass with an error of a fraction of one percent. In terms of computational speed, the FFSL scheme was comparable with the semi-Lagrangian method and an order of magnitude faster than the full hydrodynamic model, even when the latter ran in parallel on multiple cores. The FFSL scheme presented here therefore offers a viable mass-conserving and computationally-efficient alternative to traditional semi-Lagrangian schemes for offline scalar transport simulation in coastal models.

  16. Oceanic transports through the Solomon Sea: The bend of the New Guinea Coastal Undercurrent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gasparin, Florent; Ganachaud, Alexandre; Maes, Christophe; Marin, Frédéric; Eldin, Gérard

    2012-08-01

    Thermocline waters of the tropical southwest Pacific can be traced back to the center of the South Pacific basin and have a potential influence on equatorial surface conditions and on the characteristics of the El Niño Southern Oscillation on decadal timescales. The Solomon Sea is traversed by this influential flow, and therefore is an optimal place for exploring this oceanic connection to the equator. From a high-resolution hydrographic survey at which we applied an inverse box model, we describe the main pathways at the entrance of the Solomon Sea, and more particularly the extremely sharp bend of the western boundary current around the south-east tip of Papua New Guinea. Of the 30 Sv subtropical waters transported into the Coral Sea from the east, above 1300 m, 29 ± 5 Sv makes its way through the Solomon Sea with a large part transported in a boundary current, at the entrance of the Solomon Sea. Around the south-east tip of Papua New Guinea, the Gulf of Papua Current turns abruptly to the north, in a very sharp bend as it merges into the New Guinea Coastal Undercurrent, on its way, toward the equator. The warm currents transport large amounts of internal energy, with a total of 1.0 ± 0.3 1015W entering the Solomon Sea from the south.

  17. Airborne dust transport to the eastern Pacific Ocean off southern California: Evidence from San Clemente Island

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Muhs, D.R.; Budahn, J.; Reheis, M.; Beann, J.; Skipp, G.; Fisher, E.

    2007-01-01

    Islands are natural dust traps, and San Clemente Island, California, is a good example. Soils on marine terraces cut into Miocene andesite on this island are clay-rich Vertisols or Alfisols with vertic properties. These soils are overlain by silt-rich mantles, 5-20 cm thick, that contrast sharply with the underlying clay-rich subsoils. The silt mantles have a mineralogy that is distinct from the island bedrock. Silt mantles are rich in quartz, which is rare in the island andesite. The clay fraction of the silt mantles is dominated by mica, also absent from local andesite, and contrasts with the subsoils, dominated by smectite. Ternary plots of immobile trace elements (Sc-Th-La and Ta-Nd-Cr) show that the island andesite has a composition intermediate between average upper continental crust and average oceanic crust. In contrast, the silt and, to a lesser extent, clay fractions of the silt mantles have compositions closer to average upper continental crust. The silt mantles have particle size distributions similar to loess and Mojave Desert dust, but are coarser than long-range-transported Asian dust. We infer from these observations that the silt mantles are derived from airborne dust from the North American mainland, probably river valleys in the coastal mountains of southern California and/or the Mojave Desert. Although average winds are from the northwest in coastal California, easterly winds occur numerous times of the year when "Santa Ana" conditions prevail, caused by a high-pressure cell centered over the Great Basin. Examination of satellite imagery shows that easterly Santa Ana winds carry abundant dust to the eastern Pacific Ocean and the California Channel Islands. Airborne dust from mainland North America may be an important component of the offshore sediment budget in the easternmost Pacific Ocean, a finding of potential biogeochemical and climatic significance.

  18. 42 CFR 405.1814 - Intermediary hearing officer jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... request for an intermediary hearing is filed under § 405.1811 of this subpart, the intermediary hearing... if the provider has a right to an intermediary hearing under § 405.1811. Certain matters at issue are... except as permitted in § 405.1811(a)(1)(ii) of this subpart. (c) Final jurisdictional findings,...

  19. 42 CFR 405.1814 - Intermediary hearing officer jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... request for an intermediary hearing is filed under § 405.1811 of this subpart, the intermediary hearing... if the provider has a right to an intermediary hearing under § 405.1811. Certain matters at issue are... except as permitted in § 405.1811(a)(1)(ii) of this subpart. (c) Final jurisdictional findings,...

  20. 42 CFR 405.1814 - Intermediary hearing officer jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... request for an intermediary hearing is filed under § 405.1811 of this subpart, the intermediary hearing... if the provider has a right to an intermediary hearing under § 405.1811. Certain matters at issue are... except as permitted in § 405.1811(a)(1)(ii) of this subpart. (c) Final jurisdictional findings,...

  1. 42 CFR 405.1814 - Intermediary hearing officer jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... request for an intermediary hearing is filed under § 405.1811 of this subpart, the intermediary hearing... if the provider has a right to an intermediary hearing under § 405.1811. Certain matters at issue are... except as permitted in § 405.1811(a)(1)(ii) of this subpart. (c) Final jurisdictional findings,...

  2. 13 CFR 120.705 - What is a Specialized Intermediary?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What is a Specialized Intermediary? 120.705 Section 120.705 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS... determine an Intermediary's qualifications as a Specialized Intermediary annually, based on its...

  3. 13 CFR 120.711 - What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What rules govern Intermediaries? 120.711 Section 120.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Microloan Program § 120.711 What rules govern Intermediaries? Intermediaries must operate in accordance...

  4. 13 CFR 120.711 - What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What rules govern Intermediaries? 120.711 Section 120.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Microloan Program § 120.711 What rules govern Intermediaries? Intermediaries must operate in accordance...

  5. 13 CFR 120.711 - What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What rules govern Intermediaries? 120.711 Section 120.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Microloan Program § 120.711 What rules govern Intermediaries? Intermediaries must operate in accordance...

  6. 13 CFR 120.711 - What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What rules govern Intermediaries? 120.711 Section 120.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Microloan Program § 120.711 What rules govern Intermediaries? Intermediaries must operate in accordance...

  7. 13 CFR 120.711 - What rules govern Intermediaries?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What rules govern Intermediaries? 120.711 Section 120.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Microloan Program § 120.711 What rules govern Intermediaries? Intermediaries must operate in accordance...

  8. The Intermediary Guidebook: Making and Managing Community Connections for Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Marc; Kazis, Richard; Trippe, Steve; Eagleson, Glenn; Porter, Lois Ann

    This guidebook summarizes learning on the role of intermediaries and how to build organizations that perform intermediary functions effectively and efficiently. An introduction defines intermediaries, in the context of youth-serving systems, as staffed organizations that connect schools and other youth-preparation organizations with workplaces and…

  9. Global charcoal mobilization from soils via dissolution and riverine transport to the oceans.

    PubMed

    Jaffé, Rudolf; Ding, Yan; Niggemann, Jutta; Vähätalo, Anssi V; Stubbins, Aron; Spencer, Robert G M; Campbell, John; Dittmar, Thorsten

    2013-04-19

    Global biomass burning generates 40 million to 250 million tons of charcoal every year, part of which is preserved for millennia in soils and sediments. We have quantified dissolution products of charcoal in a wide range of rivers worldwide and show that globally, a major portion of the annual charcoal production is lost from soils via dissolution and subsequent transport to the ocean. The global flux of soluble charcoal accounts to 26.5 ± 1.8 million tons per year, which is ~10% of the global riverine flux of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). We suggest that the mobilization of charcoal and DOC out of soils is mechanistically coupled. This study closes a major gap in the global charcoal budget and provides critical information in the context of geoengineering.

  10. Atmospheric Chemistry Transport Modeling of Organic Nitrogen Input to the Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, A.; Lin, G.; Penner, J. E.

    2013-12-01

    Atmospheric deposition of reactive nitrogen (N) species from air pollutants is a significant source of exogenous nitrogen in marine ecosystems. Here we use an atmospheric chemical transport model to investigate the supply of soluble organic nitrogen (ON) from anthropogenic sources to the ocean. Comparisons of modeled deposition with observations at coastal and marine locations show good overall agreement for inorganic nitrogen and total soluble nitrogen, but significant underestimates for soluble ON when we include the primary soluble ON from combustion sources and the secondary carbon-containing oxidized N in gases and aerosols. The model results suggest that including the secondary carbon-containing reduced N in aerosols contributes to a better predictive capability of the deposition rates. The model results show a clear distinction in the vertical distribution of soluble ON in aerosols between different processes from the primary sources and the secondary formation. The model results (excluding the biomass burning and natural emission changes) suggest an increase in soluble ON outflow from atmospheric pollution, in particular from East Asia, to the oceans in the twentieth century. These results highlight the necessity of improving the process-based quantitative understanding of the chemical reactions of inorganic nitrogen species with organics in aerosol and cloud water.

  11. Development of a Coupled Ocean-Hydrologic Model to Simulate Pollutant Transport in Singapore Coastal Waters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chua, V. P.

    2015-12-01

    Intensive agricultural, economic and industrial activities in Singapore and Malaysia have made our coastal areas under high risk of water pollution. A coupled ocean-hydrologic model is employed to perform three-dimensional simulations of flow and pollutant transport in Singapore coastal waters. The hydrologic SWAT model is coupled with the coastal ocean SUNTANS model by outputting streamflow and pollutant concentrations from the SWAT model and using them as inputs for the SUNTANS model at common boundary points. The coupled model is calibrated with observed sea surface elevations and velocities, and high correlation coefficients that exceed 0.97 and 0.91 are found for sea surface elevations and velocities, respectively. The pollutants are modeled as Gaussian passive tracers, and are released at five upstream locations in Singapore coastal waters. During the Northeast monsoon, pollutants released in Source 1 (Johor River), Source 2 (Tiram River), Source 3 (Layang River) and Source 4 (Layau River) enter the Singapore Strait after 4 days of release and reach Sentosa Island within 9 days. Meanwhile, pollutants released in Source 5 (Kallang River) reach Sentosa Island after 4 days. During the Southwest monsoon, the dispersion time is roughly doubled, with pollutants from Sources 1 - 4 entering the Singapore Strait only after 12 days of release due to weak currents.

  12. Southern Ocean albedo, inter-hemispheric energy transports and the double ITCZ: global impacts of biases in a coupled model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hawcroft, Matt; Haywood, Jim M.; Collins, Mat; Jones, Andy; Jones, Anthony C.; Stephens, Graeme

    2016-06-01

    A causal link has been invoked between inter-hemispheric albedo, cross-equatorial energy transport and the double-Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) bias in climate models. Southern Ocean cloud biases are a major determinant of inter-hemispheric albedo biases in many models, including HadGEM2-ES, a fully coupled model with a dynamical ocean. In this study, targeted albedo corrections are applied in the Southern Ocean to explore the dynamical response to artificially reducing these biases. The Southern Hemisphere jet increases in strength in response to the increased tropical-extratropical temperature gradient, with increased energy transport into the mid-latitudes in the atmosphere, but no improvement is observed in the double-ITCZ bias or atmospheric cross-equatorial energy transport, a finding which supports other recent work. The majority of the adjustment in energy transport in the tropics is achieved in the ocean, with the response further limited to the Pacific Ocean. As a result, the frequently argued teleconnection between the Southern Ocean and tropical precipitation biases is muted. Further experiments in which tropical longwave biases are also reduced do not yield improvement in the representation of the tropical atmosphere. These results suggest that the dramatic improvements in tropical precipitation that have been shown in previous studies may be a function of the lack of dynamical ocean and/or the simplified hemispheric albedo bias corrections applied in that work. It further suggests that efforts to correct the double ITCZ problem in coupled models that focus on large-scale energetic controls will prove fruitless without improvements in the representation of atmospheric processes.

  13. Water diffusion-transport in a synthetic dunite: Consequences for oceanic peridotite serpentinization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malvoisin, Benjamin; Brunet, Fabrice

    2014-10-01

    A series of San Carlos olivine aggregates, sintered at high pressure and high temperature, with two different porosities (around 1 and 10%) and grain sizes (1-5 μm and 0-38 μm) were reacted at 300 °C and 500 bars in the presence of pure water. The reaction progress was monitored magnetically and the composition and distribution of the reaction products were analyzed at the end of each experiment. Brucite formation mainly occurred at the aggregate surface as a result of both congruent olivine dissolution and aqueous Mg and Si buffering by the reaction products, i.e. brucite and lizardite. The measured reaction progress did not exceed 2.6% after 290 d, which strongly contrasts with previous studies performed on San Carlos olivine powders (i.e., isolated grains in aqueous solution). Hence, limited water transport through the intergranular region of the aggregate drastically decreased the olivine surface area accessible to water and thus slowed down the whole serpentinization process. When extrapolated to peridotite relevant olivine grain sizes, our experimental results indicate that the water diffusion rate will become so slow that the first layer of primary minerals exposed to water within a mesh structure must fully react before the next mineral layer starts reacting (“layer by layer” mechanism). This type of reaction-transport mechanism is obviously not consistent with the micro-scale serpentine distribution in the mesh of oceanic peridotite samples, therefore additional water transport pathways are required. Cracks formed under extensional thermal stresses are good candidates since, in comparison to grain boundary or reaction-induced fractures, they are wide enough to drastically enhance water transport in oceanic peridotites and therefore account for the observed textures. The ‘layer by layer’ mechanism inferred here can only set a lower time bound for serpentinization completion. Assuming a mesh size of 1 mm and an initial grain size of 100 μm and

  14. Seasonal cycle of volume transport through Kerama Gap revealed by a 20-year global HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model reanalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Zhitao; Metzger, E. Joseph; Thoppil, Prasad; Hurlburt, Harley E.; Zamudio, Luis; Smedstad, Ole Martin; Na, Hanna; Nakamura, Hirohiko; Park, Jae-Hun

    2015-12-01

    The temporal variability of volume transport from the North Pacific Ocean to the East China Sea (ECS) through Kerama Gap (between Okinawa Island and Miyakojima Island - a part of Ryukyu Islands Arc) is investigated using a 20-year global HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) reanalysis with the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation from 1993 to 2012. The HYCOM mean transport is 2.1 Sv (positive into the ECS, 1 Sv = 106 m3/s) from June 2009 to June 2011, in good agreement with the observed 2.0 Sv transport during the same period. This is similar to the 20-year mean Kerama Gap transport of 1.95 ± 4.0 Sv. The 20-year monthly mean volume transport (transport seasonal cycle) is maximum in October (3.0 Sv) and minimum in November (0.5 Sv). The annual variation component (345-400 days), mesoscale eddy component (70-345 days), and Kuroshio meander component (< 70 days) are separated to determine their contributions to the transport seasonal cycle. The annual variation component has a close relation with the local wind field and increases (decreases) transport into the ECS through Kerama Gap in summer (winter). Most of the variations in the transport seasonal cycle come from the mesoscale eddy component. The impinging mesoscale eddies increase the transport into the ECS during January, February, May, and October, and decrease it in March, April, November, and December, but have little effect in summer (June-September). The Kuroshio meander components cause smaller transport variations in summer than in winter.

  15. The Impact of Multidecadal NAO Variations on Atlantic Ocean Heat Transport and Rapid Changes in Arctic Sea Ice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, F. J.; Delworth, T. L.

    2015-12-01

    The Arctic and North Atlantic have experienced pronounced changes over the 20th and early 21st centuries, including a rapid loss of Arctic sea ice over the last several decades and prominent multidecadal variability in both ocean temperatures and sea ice. Here we use suites of climate model simulations to probe some of the factors responsible for the multidecadal variability in the Atlantic/Arctic system. We show that multidecadal fluctuations of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) induce multidecadal fluctuations of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). A positive phase of the NAO is associated with strengthened westerly winds over the North Atlantic. These winds extract more heat than normal from the subpolar ocean, thereby increasing upper ocean density, deepwater formation, and the strength of the AMOC and associated poleward ocean heat transport. In model simulations the observed negative phase of the NAO in the 1960s and 1970s led to a weaker than normal AMOC, reduced poleward ocean heat transport, a cold North Atlantic, and an increase in Arctic sea ice extent in both winter and summer. The NAO strengthened from the 1970s to the mid 1990s, leading to an increase of the AMOC and a warming of the North Atlantic. The increased heat transport extended throughout the North Atlantic, into the Barents Sea, and finally into the Arctic, contributing to a rapid reduction of sea ice in the 1990s through the 2000s. Feedbacks involving shortwave radiation are an important component of the overall changes. In these model simulations as much as 1/3 of the recent reduction of Arctic sea ice is associated with the NAO-induced AMOC and heat transport increase. Since the mid 1990s the NAO has changed from a strong positive phase to a more neutral phase. In our model simulations this weakens the AMOC and poleward ocean heat transport, and diminishes the contribution of ocean heat transport to the reduction of Arctic sea ice extent. Considered in isolation

  16. Backward-in-time methods to simulate large-scale transport and mixing in the ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prants, S. V.

    2015-06-01

    In oceanography and meteorology, it is important to know not only where water or air masses are headed for, but also where they came from as well. For example, it is important to find unknown sources of oil spills in the ocean and of dangerous substance plumes in the atmosphere. It is impossible with the help of conventional ocean and atmospheric numerical circulation models to extrapolate backward from the observed plumes to find the source because those models cannot be reversed in time. We review here recently elaborated backward-in-time numerical methods to identify and study mesoscale eddies in the ocean and to compute where those waters came from to a given area. The area under study is populated with a large number of artificial tracers that are advected backward in time in a given velocity field that is supposed to be known analytically or numerically, or from satellite and radar measurements. After integrating advection equations, one gets positions of each tracer on a fixed day in the past and can identify from known destinations a particle positions at earlier times. The results provided show that the method is efficient, for example, in estimating probabilities to find increased concentrations of radionuclides and other pollutants in oceanic mesoscale eddies. The backward-in-time methods are illustrated in this paper with a few examples. Backward-in-time Lagrangian maps are applied to identify eddies in satellite-derived and numerically generated velocity fields and to document the pathways by which they exchange water with their surroundings. Backward-in-time trapping maps are used to identify mesoscale eddies in the altimetric velocity field with a risk to be contaminated by Fukushima-derived radionuclides. The results of simulations are compared with in situ mesurement of caesium concentration in sea water samples collected in a recent research vessel cruise in the area to the east of Japan. Backward-in-time latitudinal maps and the corresponding

  17. 76 FR 18007 - Intermediary Lending Pilot Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-01

    ... 120.173 (Earthquake hazards) provides that when loan proceeds are used to construct a new building or... Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) Recommended Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for... located in a special flood hazard area. ILP Intermediaries are responsible for notifying borrowers...

  18. Aging process of Saharan dust during transport over the Atlantic Ocean: Calcite reactivity and sulfate coating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desboeufs, K. V.; Cautenet, G.; Minvielle, F.; Lasserre, F.

    2003-04-01

    Several field measurements emphasized that dust particles are mixed with sulfate during their transport. This state of mixing could be important on the climatic effect of these particles, since the optical properties of particles are not conservative in the case of internal mixing, and the addition of soluble species on the dust can modify their capacity to act as CCN. The aging process of dust particles in Tropical Africa and Atlantic Ocean is investigated using the three dimensional transport RAMS and chemistry model coupled on line. To describe the mixing process of dust, we considered the chemical reaction occurring between the calcite (calcium carbonate) in the Saharan dust and the various sulfur species to yield sulfate coating. The results by the model predictions are consistent with field and observations studies. We will discuss about the potential consequences of this coating on the direct and indirect effect of mineral dust in the Earth radiative budget. An analysis of cloud occurrence observed by satellites and mixed dust content will be presented.

  19. Ocean-atmosphere dynamics during Hurricane Ida and Nor'Ida: An application of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olabarrieta, Maitane; Warner, John C.; Armstrong, Brandy; Zambon, Joseph B.; He, Ruoying

    The coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system was used to investigate atmosphere-ocean-wave interactions in November 2009 during Hurricane Ida and its subsequent evolution to Nor'Ida, which was one of the most costly storm systems of the past two decades. One interesting aspect of this event is that it included two unique atmospheric extreme conditions, a hurricane and a nor'easter storm, which developed in regions with different oceanographic characteristics. Our modeled results were compared with several data sources, including GOES satellite infrared data, JASON-1 and JASON-2 altimeter data, CODAR measurements, and wave and tidal information from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) and the National Tidal Database. By performing a series of numerical runs, we were able to isolate the effect of the interaction terms between the atmosphere (modeled with Weather Research and Forecasting, the WRF model), the ocean (modeled with Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS)), and the wave propagation and generation model (modeled with Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)). Special attention was given to the role of the ocean surface roughness. Three different ocean roughness closure models were analyzed: DGHQ (which is based on wave age), TY2001 (which is based on wave steepness), and OOST (which considers both the effects of wave age and steepness). Including the ocean roughness in the atmospheric module improved the wind intensity estimation and therefore also the wind waves, surface currents, and storm surge amplitude. For example, during the passage of Hurricane Ida through the Gulf of Mexico, the wind speeds were reduced due to wave-induced ocean roughness, resulting in better agreement with the measured winds. During Nor'Ida, including the wave-induced surface roughness changed the form and dimension of the main low pressure cell, affecting the intensity and direction of the winds. The combined wave age- and wave steepness

  20. Ocean-atmosphere dynamics during Hurricane Ida and Nor'Ida: An application of the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Olabarrieta, M.; Warner, J.C.; Armstrong, B.; Zambon, J.B.; He, R.

    2012-01-01

    The coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system was used to investigate atmosphere-ocean-wave interactions in November 2009 during Hurricane Ida and its subsequent evolution to Nor'Ida, which was one of the most costly storm systems of the past two decades. One interesting aspect of this event is that it included two unique atmospheric extreme conditions, a hurricane and a nor'easter storm, which developed in regions with different oceanographic characteristics. Our modeled results were compared with several data sources, including GOES satellite infrared data, JASON-1 and JASON-2 altimeter data, CODAR measurements, and wave and tidal information from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) and the National Tidal Database. By performing a series of numerical runs, we were able to isolate the effect of the interaction terms between the atmosphere (modeled with Weather Research and Forecasting, the WRF model), the ocean (modeled with Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS)), and the wave propagation and generation model (modeled with Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)). Special attention was given to the role of the ocean surface roughness. Three different ocean roughness closure models were analyzed: DGHQ (which is based on wave age), TY2001 (which is based on wave steepness), and OOST (which considers both the effects of wave age and steepness). Including the ocean roughness in the atmospheric module improved the wind intensity estimation and therefore also the wind waves, surface currents, and storm surge amplitude. For example, during the passage of Hurricane Ida through the Gulf of Mexico, the wind speeds were reduced due to wave-induced ocean roughness, resulting in better agreement with the measured winds. During Nor'Ida, including the wave-induced surface roughness changed the form and dimension of the main low pressure cell, affecting the intensity and direction of the winds. The combined wave age- and wave steepness