Science.gov

Sample records for oito anos iniciais

  1. Difficulties of First Years Elementary School Teachers with the Teaching of Astronomy. (Breton Title: Dificuldades de Professores dos Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental em Relação ao Ensino da Astronomia. ) Dificultades de LOS Profesores de los Primeros Años de la Escuela Primaria en Relación a la Enseñanza de la Astronomía

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Langhi, Rodolfo; Nardi, Roberto

    2005-12-01

    This paper reports Primary School teachers' discourses analysis about their difficulties related to the teaching of Astronomy. It reports partial data of a master's level research carried out in the last two years, named "An exploratory study for inserting Astronomy in primary school teachers' education" (LANGHI, 2004). The study took into consideration students' and teachers' common sense conceptions about astronomical phenomena, conceptual mistakes in textbooks, and Astronomy's suggestions given by the PCN (Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais - The Brazilian National Curriculum Standards). The paper aims to characterize teachers' difficulties, in order to provide subsides to the implementation of an initial or continuing education program. This study is justified by the fact that courses plans like these only will be adapted to the teacher's (and students') reality, if there is a primary investigation about what the teachers really need to know about Astronomy. This fact was possible here by the enunciations interpretation of a teachers' sample using semi-structured interviews, according to discourse analysis procedures. The research outcomes show difficulties related to factors like: those of personal order, methodological, on teacher's formation, educational infrastructure and other related to information sources for educators. Este artigo, que relata as dificuldades de professores em relação ao ensino da Astronomia, faz parte de um estudo exploratório para a inserção da Astronomia na formação de professores dos anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental. Esse estudo leva em consideração as concepções alternativas de alunos e professores sobre fenômenos astronômicos, os erros conceituais em livros didáticos e as sugestões de conteúdos de Astronomia constantes nos PCN (Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais). Caracterizar as dificuldades dos professores é a questão central deste texto, apontando para o objetivo de contribuir com subsídios para um futuro

  2. ANO1 — EDRN Public Portal

    Cancer.gov

    ANO1, or anoctamin-1, is a calcium-activated chloride channel gene overexpressed in many tumors. ANO1 is ubiquitously expressed in epithelia and is thought to be important in epithelial fluid transport.

  3. Ano1 as a regulator of proliferation

    PubMed Central

    Stanich, Jennifer E.; Gibbons, Simon J.; Eisenman, Seth T.; Bardsley, Michael R.; Rock, Jason R.; Harfe, Brian D.; Ordog, Tamas

    2011-01-01

    Ano1 is a recently discovered Ca2+-activated Cl− channel expressed on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) that has been implicated in slow-wave activity in the gut. However, Ano1 is expressed on all classes of ICC, even those that do not contribute to generation of the slow wave, suggesting that Ano1 may have an alternate function in these cells. Ano1 is also highly expressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Mice lacking Ano1 had fewer proliferating ICC in whole mount preparations and in culture, raising the possibility that Ano1 is involved in proliferation. Cl− channel blockers decreased proliferation in cells expressing Ano1, including primary cultures of ICC and in the pancreatic cancer-derived cell line, CFPAC-1. Cl− channel blockers had a reduced effect on Ano1(−/−) cultures, confirming that the blockers are acting on Ano1. Ki67 immunoreactivity, 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine incorporation, and cell-cycle analysis of cells grown in low-Cl− media showed fewer proliferating cells than in cultures grown in regular medium. We confirmed that mice lacking Ano1 had less phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein compared with controls. These data led us to conclude that Ano1 regulates proliferation at the G1/S transition of the cell cycle and may play a role in tumorigenesis. PMID:21940901

  4. Idiopathic fistula-in-ano

    PubMed Central

    Shawki, Sherief; Wexner, Steven D

    2011-01-01

    Fistula-in-ano is the most common form of perineal sepsis. Typically, a fistula includes an internal opening, a track, and an external opening. The external opening might acutely appear following infection and/or an abscess, or more insiduously in a chronic manner. Management includes control of infection, assessment of the fistulous track in relation to the anal sphincter muscle, and finally, definitive treatment of the fistula. Fistulotomy was the most commonly used mode of management, but concerns about post-fistulotomy incontinence prompted the use of sphincter preserving techniques such as advancement flaps, fibrin glue, collagen fistula plug, ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track, and stem cells. Many descriptive and comparative studies have evaluated these different techniques with variable outcomes. The lack of consistent results, level I evidence, or long-term follow-up, as well as the heterogeneity of fistula pathology has prevented a definitive treatment algorithm. This article will review the most commonly available modalities and techniques for managing idiopathic fistula-in-ano. PMID:21876614

  5. Expression of calcium-activated chloride channels Ano1 and Ano2 in mouse taste cells.

    PubMed

    Cherkashin, Alexander P; Kolesnikova, Alisa S; Tarasov, Michail V; Romanov, Roman A; Rogachevskaja, Olga A; Bystrova, Marina F; Kolesnikov, Stanislav S

    2016-02-01

    Specialized Ca(2+)-dependent ion channels ubiquitously couple intracellular Ca(2+) signals to a change in cell polarization. The existing physiological evidence suggests that Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels (CaCCs) are functional in taste cells. Because Ano1 and Ano2 encode channel proteins that form CaCCs in a variety of cells, we analyzed their expression in mouse taste cells. Transcripts for Ano1 and Ano2 were detected in circumvallate (CV) papillae, and their expression in taste cells was confirmed using immunohistochemistry. When dialyzed with CsCl, taste cells of the type III exhibited no ion currents dependent on cytosolic Ca(2+). Large Ca(2+)-gated currents mediated by TRPM5 were elicited in type II cells by Ca(2+) uncaging. When TRPM5 was inhibited by triphenylphosphine oxide (TPPO), ionomycin stimulated a small but resolvable inward current that was eliminated by anion channel blockers, including T16Ainh-A01 (T16), a specific Ano1 antagonist. This suggests that CaCCs, including Ano1-like channels, are functional in type II cells. In type I cells, CaCCs were prominently active, blockable with the CaCC antagonist CaCCinh-A01 but insensitive to T16. By profiling Ano1 and Ano2 expressions in individual taste cells, we revealed Ano1 transcripts in type II cells only, while Ano2 transcripts were detected in both type I and type II cells. P2Y agonists stimulated Ca(2+)-gated Cl(-) currents in type I cells. Thus, CaCCs, possibly formed by Ano2, serve as effectors downstream of P2Y receptors in type I cells. While the role for TRPM5 in taste transduction is well established, the physiological significance of expression of CaCCs in type II cells remains to be elucidated.

  6. Ani9, A Novel Potent Small-Molecule ANO1 Inhibitor with Negligible Effect on ANO2

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Yohan; Lee, Ho K.; Park, Jinhong; Jeon, Dong-kyu; Jo, Sungwoo; Jo, Minjae; Namkung, Wan

    2016-01-01

    Anoctamin1 (ANO1)/transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC), is involved in many physiological functions such as fluid secretion, smooth muscle contraction, nociception and cancer progression. To date, only a few ANO1 inhibitors have been described, and these have low potency and selectivity for ANO1. Here, we performed a high-throughput screening to identify highly potent and selective small molecule inhibitors of ANO1. Three novel ANO1 inhibitors were discovered from screening of 54,400 synthetic small molecules, and they were found to fully block ANO1 channel activity with an IC50 < 3 μM. Electrophysiological analysis revealed that the most potent inhibitor, 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methylideneamino]-acetamide (Ani9), completely inhibited ANO1 chloride current with submicromolar potency. Notably, unlike previous small-molecule ANO1 inhibitors identified to date, Ani9 displayed high selectivity for ANO1 as compared to ANO2, which shares a high amino acid homology to ANO1. In addition, Ani9 did not affect the intracellular calcium signaling and CFTR chloride channel activity. Our results suggest that Ani9 may be a useful pharmacological tool for studying ANO1 and a potential development candidate for drug therapy of cancer, hypertension, pain, diarrhea and asthma. PMID:27219012

  7. A normal ano-genital exam: sexual abuse or not?

    PubMed

    Hornor, Gail

    2010-01-01

    Sexual abuse is a problem of epidemic proportions in the United States. Pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) are at the forefront of providing care to children and families. The PNP is in a unique position to educate patients and families regarding sexual abuse and dispel common myths associated with sexual abuse. One such myth is that a normal ano-genital examination is synonymous with the absence of sexual abuse. This article will provide primary care providers, including PNPs, with a framework for understanding why a normal ano-genital examination does not negate the possibility of sexual abuse/assault. Normal ano-genital anatomy, changes that occur with puberty, and physical properties related to the genitalia and anus will be discussed. Photos will provide visualization of both normal variants of the pre-pubertal hymen and genitalia as well as changes that occur with puberty. Implications for practice for PNPs will be discussed.

  8. Magnetic resonance imaging for primary fistula in ano.

    PubMed

    Buchanan, G N; Halligan, S; Williams, A B; Cohen, C R G; Tarroni, D; Phillips, R K S; Bartram, C I

    2003-07-01

    This was a prospective study designed to determine the therapeutic impact of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in primary fistula in ano, and to assess its effect on outcome. Thirty patients with suspected primary fistula in ano underwent preoperative MRI, and the findings were revealed during surgery following examination under anaesthesia (EUA). Any effect on operative approach was noted. Outcome was assessed at a median of 12 months. Two patients had sinuses, one had no sepsis and 27 had fistulas: five superficial, seven intersphincteric, 14 trans-sphincteric and one suprasphincteric. MRI and EUA agreed in 15 patients and MRI findings altered the surgical approach in a further three (10 per cent); two of the latter patients were believed to have a sinus at EUA, which MRI correctly identified as a fistula, allowing definitive treatment. The therapeutic impact of MRI was therefore 10 per cent. Persisting disagreement between MRI and EUA in 12 patients mostly related to minor discrepancies in classification. Only one patient required further unplanned surgery, which was for skin-bridging rather than any new sepsis. In experienced hands, MRI has a therapeutic impact of 10 per cent for primary fistula in ano, precipitating surgery that is likely to reduce recurrence in a small, but important, proportion of patients. Copyright 2003 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Experimental porcine model of complex fistula-in-ano

    PubMed Central

    A Ba-Bai-Ke-Re, Ma-Mu-Ti-Jiang; Chen, Hui; Liu, Xue; Wang, Yun-Hai

    2017-01-01

    AIM To establish and evaluate an experimental porcine model of fistula-in-ano. METHODS Twelve healthy pigs were randomly divided into two groups. Under general anesthesia, the experimental group underwent rubber band ligation surgery, and the control group underwent an artificial damage technique. Clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathological evaluation were performed on the 38th d and 48th d after surgery in both groups, respectively. RESULTS There were no significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in general characteristics such as body weight, gender, and the number of fistula (P > 0.05). In the experimental group, 15 fistulas were confirmed clinically, 13 complex fistulas were confirmed by MRI, and 11 complex fistulas were confirmed by histopathology. The success rate in the porcine complex fistula model establishment was 83.33%. Among the 18 fistulas in the control group, 5 fistulas were confirmed clinically, 4 complex fistulas were confirmed by MRI, and 3 fistulas were confirmed by histopathology. The success rate in the porcine fistula model establishment was 27.78%. Thus, the success rate of the rubber band ligation group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION Rubber band ligation is a stable and reliable method to establish complex fistula-in-ano models. Large animal models of complex anal fistulas can be used for the diagnosis and treatment of anal fistulas. PMID:28348488

  10. Inhibition of ANO1 by luteolin and its cytotoxicity in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jinhong; Jeon, Dong-kyu; Jo, Sungwoo; Lee, Ho K.

    2017-01-01

    Anoctamin 1 (ANO1), a calcium-activated chloride channel, is highly amplified in prostate cancer, the most common form of cancer and leading causes of cancer death in men, and downregulation of ANO1 expression or its functional activity is known to inhibit cell proliferation, migration and invasion in prostate cancer cells. Here, we performed a cell-based screening for the identification of ANO1 inhibitors as potential anticancer therapeutic agents for prostate cancer. Screening of ~300 selected bioactive natural products revealed that luteolin is a novel potent inhibitor of ANO1. Electrophysiological studies indicated that luteolin potently inhibited ANO1 chloride channel activity in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 9.8 μM and luteolin did not alter intracellular calcium signaling in PC-3 prostate cancer cells. Luteolin inhibited cell proliferation and migration of PC-3 cells expressing high levels of ANO1 more potently than that of ANO1-deficient PC-3 cells. Notably, luteolin not only inhibited ANO1 channel activity, but also strongly decreased protein expression levels of ANO1. Our results suggest that downregulation of ANO1 by luteolin is a potential mechanism for the anticancer effect of luteolin. PMID:28362855

  11. Ano-Genital Warts and HIV Status– A Clinical Study

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Shimpa; Gulbake, Arvind

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Ano-Genital Warts (AGW) like other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) is associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. This study of AGW was done in HIV positive and HIV negative patients. Aim To study the risk factors and clinical presentations of ano-genital warts in HIV positive and negative patients. Materials and Methods A comparative, cross-sectional, descriptive study of 25 HIV positive and 25 HIV negative (n=50) AGW patients between 15-60 years of both sex was conducted in Dr. D. Y. Patil Hospital and Research Centre from July 2014 to July 2016. Results Significant association of HIV positivity (p<0.05) was observed between age group of 15-30 years and HIV negative status (p<0.05) in age group of 31-45 years. HIV positive status significantly higher in patients with self-admitted multiple sexual partners (p<0.01), homosexuality (p<0.05) and presentation with anal warts (p<0.01). HIV negative status correlated significantly with single sexual partner admission (p<0.01) and hetero-sexuality (p<0.05). Gender did not show significant association with number of sexual partners or HIV positivity. Extra-genital or only genital warts had no association with HIV status. Co-STDs though more in number in ser-positive group, did not show any significant association with HIV positivity (p>0.05). No patient presented with changes of malignancy. Four were adolescents below 19 years. Two patients had atypical presentations of giant condylomata i.e., Buschke-Lowenstein Tumour (BLT). Conclusion HIV positivity was significantly associated with the risk factors of age below 30 years, homo sexuality and multiple sexual partners. Anal warts were significantly common in HIV positive patients. Four adolescents with AGW underline the need for high risk behaviour counselling. No patient had malignant ano-genital warts. Follow up of these patients with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) sub-typing is necessary. PMID:28274028

  12. Adenocarcinoma in an ano-vaginal fistula in Crohn's disease

    PubMed Central

    Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Atinga, Angela; Mohsen, Yasser; Anthony, Andrew; Myers, Alistair

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Fistulas are a relatively common occurrence in Crohn's disease (CD), and often present early in the disease process. Additionally, patients suffering from either CD or ulcerative colitis are shown to have an increased risk of colorectal malignancies compared with the general population. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present a case of adenocarcinoma in an ano-vaginal fistula in a patient with longstanding CD. DISCUSSION Various pathogenic mechanisms for the development of carcinoma in fistulas have been suggested, but there is no consensus and indeed this risk may be cumulative. In this case report, we also discuss the pathogenesis of mucinous adenocarcinoma in fistulas secondary to CD. CONCLUSION Better detection of adenocarcinoma in patients presenting with persistent non-resolving fistulas in the presence of CD should be undertaken with regular biopsies following examinations under anaesthetic of the anorectum. PMID:23702362

  13. An Allegory of Addiction Recovery: Exploring the Performance of "Eumenides" by Aeschylus, as Adapted by 18 ANO Theatre Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zontou, Zoe

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the performance of the "Eumenides," as adapted and performed by 18 ANO theatre group. 18 ANO is the theatre group of the Drug dependence treatment unit 18 ANO of Attica's Psychiatric Hospital, which is based in Athens, Greece. Each year 18 ANO organises performances in the wider community with the aim of promoting…

  14. An Allegory of Addiction Recovery: Exploring the Performance of "Eumenides" by Aeschylus, as Adapted by 18 ANO Theatre Group

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zontou, Zoe

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the performance of the "Eumenides," as adapted and performed by 18 ANO theatre group. 18 ANO is the theatre group of the Drug dependence treatment unit 18 ANO of Attica's Psychiatric Hospital, which is based in Athens, Greece. Each year 18 ANO organises performances in the wider community with the aim of promoting…

  15. Identification of a lipid scrambling domain in ANO6/TMEM16F

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Kuai; Whitlock, Jarred M; Lee, Kyleen; Ortlund, Eric A; Yuan Cui, Yuan; Hartzell, H Criss

    2015-01-01

    Phospholipid scrambling (PLS) is a ubiquitous cellular mechanism involving the regulated bidirectional transport of phospholipids down their concentration gradient between membrane leaflets. ANO6/TMEM16F has been shown to be essential for Ca2+-dependent PLS, but controversy surrounds whether ANO6 is a phospholipid scramblase or an ion channel like other ANO/TMEM16 family members. Combining patch clamp recording with measurement of PLS, we show that ANO6 elicits robust Ca2+-dependent PLS coinciding with ionic currents that are explained by ionic leak during phospholipid translocation. By analyzing ANO1-ANO6 chimeric proteins, we identify a domain in ANO6 necessary for PLS and sufficient to confer this function on ANO1, which normally does not scramble. Homology modeling shows that the scramblase domain forms an unusual hydrophilic cleft that faces the lipid bilayer and may function to facilitate translocation of phospholipid between membrane leaflets. These findings provide a mechanistic framework for understanding PLS and how ANO6 functions in this process. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06901.001 PMID:26057829

  16. ANOs 3–7 in the anoctamin/Tmem16 Cl− channel family are intracellular proteins

    PubMed Central

    Duran, Charity; Qu, Zhiqiang; Osunkoya, Adeboye O.; Cui, Yuanyuan

    2012-01-01

    Ca2+-activated Cl− channels (CaCCs) participate in numerous physiological functions such as neuronal excitability, sensory transduction, and transepithelial fluid transport. Recently, it was shown that heterologously expressed anoctamins ANO1 and ANO2 generate currents that resemble native CaCCs. The anoctamin family (also called Tmem16) consists of 10 members, but it is not known whether all members of the family are CaCCs. Expression of ANOs 3–7 in HEK293 cells did not generate Cl− currents activated by intracellular Ca2+, as determined by whole cell patch clamp electrophysiology. With the use of confocal imaging, only ANO1 and ANO2 traffic to the plasma membrane when expressed heterologously. Furthermore, endogenously expressed ANO7 in the human prostate is predominantly intracellular. We took a chimeric approach to identify regions critical for channel trafficking and function. However, none of the chimeras of ANO1 and ANO5/7 that we made trafficked to the plasma membrane. Our results suggest that intracellular anoctamins may be endoplasmic reticulum proteins, although it remains unknown whether these family members are CaCCs. Determining the role of anoctamin family members in ion transport will be critical to understanding their functions in physiology and disease. PMID:22075693

  17. ANO1 as a marker of oral squamous cell carcinoma and silencing ANO1 suppresses migration of human scc-25 cells

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yadong; Zhang, Jinsong

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to confirm that ANO1 correlates with occurrence and metastasis of OSCC. Study Design: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ANO1 in 160 specimens of OSCC and normal tissues. Lentiviral silencing ANO1 was used in scc-25 cell line to study the cell migration and cell detachment. Results: Immunohistochemical staining revealed that ANO1 was expressed in a large majority (132 out of 160, 82.5%) of OSCC specimens and that the rate of ANO1 expression in OSCC was significantly higher than that of normal tissue (P<0.05); The rate of ANO1 expression was higher in metastatic tumors than in non-metastatic tumors, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). The results of cell migration assay showed that the percentage of cells through the membrane was 26.61 ±0.81 in assay group, and 54.26 ±3.74 in control group, respectively (t=-16.22,P<0.0001). The results of cell detachment assay showed that the percentage of cells detachment was 37.42 ±0.90 in assay group, and 87.38 ±1.59 in control group, respectively (t=-62.34, P<0.0001). The results of wound healing assay showed the assay group had a reduced migration rate compared with the control group in 32 h (F=1038.78, P<0.0001). Wound closure was no significantly different between the assay and control cells when DIDS was used in wound healing assay (F=4.61,P>0.05). Conclusions: Our study shows that abnormal expression of ANO1 correlated with the occurrence and metastasis of OSCC in clinical specimens and that silencing ANO1 greatly reduced migration ability of scc-25 cells. Calcium activated chloride channel activity of ANO1 promoted the cell migration. Thus, ANO1 could represent a new diagnostic biomarker and a potentially important therapeutic target of OSCC. Key words:Oral squamous cell carcinoma, chloride channel, metastasis. PMID:24316695

  18. A novel exon in the human Ca2+-activated Cl- channel Ano1 imparts greater sensitivity to intracellular Ca2.

    PubMed

    Strege, Peter R; Bernard, Cheryl E; Mazzone, Amelia; Linden, David R; Beyder, Arthur; Gibbons, Simon J; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2015-11-01

    Anoctamin 1 (Ano1; TMEM16A) is a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CACC) expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal. The mechanisms by which Ca(2+) regulates Ano1 are incompletely understood. In the gastrointestinal tract, Ano1 is required for normal slow wave activity and is involved in regulating cell proliferation. Splice variants of Ano1 have varying electrophysiological properties and altered expression in disease states. Recently, we identified a transcript for human Ano1 containing a novel exon-"exon 0" upstream of and in frame with exon 1. The electrophysiological properties of this longer Ano1 isoform are unknown. Our aim was to determine the functional contribution of the newly identified exon to the Ca(2+) sensitivity and electrophysiological properties of Ano1. Constructs with [Ano1(+0)] or without [Ano1(-0)] the newly identified exon were transfected into human embryonic kidney-293 cells. Voltage-clamp electrophysiology was used to determine voltage- and time-dependent parameters of whole cell Cl(-) currents between isoforms with varying concentrations of intracellular Ca(2+), extracellular anions, or Cl(-) channel inhibitors. We found that exon 0 did not change voltage sensitivity and had no impact on the relative permeability of Ano1 to most anions. Ano1(+0) exhibited greater changes in current density but lesser changes in kinetics than Ano1(-0) in response to varying intracellular Ca(2+). The CACC inhibitor niflumic acid inhibited current with greater efficacy and higher potency against Ano1(+0) compared with Ano1(-0). Likewise, the Ano1 inhibitor T16Ainh-A01 reduced Ano1(+0) more than Ano1(-0). In conclusion, human Ano1 containing exon 0 imparts its Cl(-) current with greater sensitivity to intracellular Ca(2+) and CACC inhibitors.

  19. A novel exon in the human Ca2+-activated Cl− channel Ano1 imparts greater sensitivity to intracellular Ca2+

    PubMed Central

    Strege, Peter R.; Bernard, Cheryl E.; Mazzone, Amelia; Linden, David R.; Beyder, Arthur; Gibbons, Simon J.

    2015-01-01

    Anoctamin 1 (Ano1; TMEM16A) is a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel (CACC) expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal. The mechanisms by which Ca2+ regulates Ano1 are incompletely understood. In the gastrointestinal tract, Ano1 is required for normal slow wave activity and is involved in regulating cell proliferation. Splice variants of Ano1 have varying electrophysiological properties and altered expression in disease states. Recently, we identified a transcript for human Ano1 containing a novel exon-“exon 0” upstream of and in frame with exon 1. The electrophysiological properties of this longer Ano1 isoform are unknown. Our aim was to determine the functional contribution of the newly identified exon to the Ca2+ sensitivity and electrophysiological properties of Ano1. Constructs with [Ano1(+0)] or without [Ano1(−0)] the newly identified exon were transfected into human embryonic kidney-293 cells. Voltage-clamp electrophysiology was used to determine voltage- and time-dependent parameters of whole cell Cl− currents between isoforms with varying concentrations of intracellular Ca2+, extracellular anions, or Cl− channel inhibitors. We found that exon 0 did not change voltage sensitivity and had no impact on the relative permeability of Ano1 to most anions. Ano1(+0) exhibited greater changes in current density but lesser changes in kinetics than Ano1(−0) in response to varying intracellular Ca2+. The CACC inhibitor niflumic acid inhibited current with greater efficacy and higher potency against Ano1(+0) compared with Ano1(−0). Likewise, the Ano1 inhibitor T16Ainh-A01 reduced Ano1(+0) more than Ano1(−0). In conclusion, human Ano1 containing exon 0 imparts its Cl− current with greater sensitivity to intracellular Ca2+ and CACC inhibitors. PMID:26359375

  20. Activation of Ca(2+) -activated Cl(-) channel ANO1 by localized Ca(2+) signals.

    PubMed

    Jin, Xin; Shah, Sihab; Du, Xiaona; Zhang, Hailin; Gamper, Nikita

    2016-01-01

    Ca(2+)-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) regulate numerous physiological processes including epithelial transport, smooth muscle contraction and sensory processing. Anoctamin-1 (ANO1, TMEM16A) is a principal CaCC subunit in many cell types, yet our understanding of the mechanisms of ANO1 activation and regulation are only beginning to emerge. Ca(2+) sensitivity of ANO1 is rather low and at negative membrane potentials the channel requires several micromoles of intracellular Ca(2+) for activation. However, global Ca(2+) levels in cells rarely reach such levels and, therefore, there must be mechanisms that focus intracellular Ca(2+) transients towards the ANO1 channels. Recent findings indeed indicate that ANO1 channels often co-localize with sources of intracellular Ca(2+) signals. Interestingly, it appears that in many cell types ANO1 is particularly tightly coupled to the Ca(2+) release sites of the intracellular Ca(2+) stores. Such preferential coupling may represent a general mechanism of ANO1 activation in native tissues.

  1. EAVK "segment c" sequence confers Ca(2+)-dependent changes to the kinetics of full length human Ano1.

    PubMed

    Strege, Peter R; Gibbons, Simon J; Mazzone, Amelia; Bernard, Cheryl E; Beyder, Arthur; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2017-03-23

    Anoctamin1 (Ano1, TMEM16A) is a calcium-activated chloride channel specifically expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract muscularis propria. Ano1 is necessary for normal electrical slow waves and ICC proliferation. The full length human Ano1 sequence includes an additional exon, exon "0," at the N-terminus. Ano1 with exon "0" (Ano1(0)) had a lower EC50 for intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) and faster chloride current (ICl) kinetics. The Ano1 alternative splice variant with segment "c" encoding exon 13 expresses on the first intracellular loop four additional amino acid residues, EAVK, which alter ICl at low [Ca(2+)]i Exon 13 is expressed in 75-100% of Ano1 transcripts in most human tissues but only 25% in human stomach. Our aim was to determine the effect of EAVK deletion on Ano1(0) ICl parameters. By voltage-clamp electrophysiology, we examined ICl in HEK293 cells transiently expressing Ano1(0) with or without the EAVK sequence (Ano1(0)ΔEAVK). The EC50 values of activating and deactivating ICl for [Ca(2+)]i was 438±7 and 493±9 nM for Ano1(0) but higher for Ano1(0)ΔEAVK at 746±47 and 761±26 nM, respectively. Meanwhile, the EC50 values for the ratio of instantaneous to steady-state ICl were not different between variants. Congruently, the time constant of activation was slower for Ano1(0)ΔEAVK than Ano1(0) currents at intermediate [Ca(2+)]i These results suggest that EAVK decreases the calcium sensitivity of Ano1(0) current activation and deactivation by slowing activation kinetics. Differential expression of EAVK in human stomach may function as a switch to increase sensitivity to [Ca(2+)]i via faster gating of Ano1.

  2. Inhibition of calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis of epithelium originated cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Guan, Lizhao; Song, Yan; Gao, Jian; Gao, Jianjun; Wang, KeWei

    2016-11-29

    ANO1, a calcium-activated chloride channel, has been reported to be amplified or overexpressed in tissues of several cancers. However, reports on its roles in tumor progression obtained from cancer cell lines are inconsistent, suggesting that the role of ANO1 in tumorigenesis is likely dependent on either its expression level or cell-type expressing ANO1. To investigate the biological roles of ANO1 in different tumor cells, we, in this study, selected several cancer cell lines and a normal HaCaT cell line with high expression levels of ANO1, and examined the function of ANO1 in these cells using approaches of lentiviral knockdown and pharmacological inhibition. We found that ANO1 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in either tumor cell lines or normal HaCaT cell line. Moreover, silencing ANO1 arrested cancer cells at G1 phase of cell cycle. Treatment with ANO1 inhibitor CaCCinh-A01 reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, both ANO1 inhibitors CaCCinh-A01 and T16Ainh-A01 significantly suppressed cell migration. Our findings show that ANO1 overexpression promotes cancer cell proliferation and migration; and genetic or pharmacological inhibition of ANO1 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G1 phase in different types of epithelium-originated cancer cells.

  3. Inhibition of calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis of epithelium originated cancer cells

    PubMed Central

    Guan, Lizhao; Song, Yan; Gao, Jian; Gao, Jianjun; Wang, KeWei

    2016-01-01

    ANO1, a calcium-activated chloride channel, has been reported to be amplified or overexpressed in tissues of several cancers. However, reports on its roles in tumor progression obtained from cancer cell lines are inconsistent, suggesting that the role of ANO1 in tumorigenesis is likely dependent on either its expression level or cell-type expressing ANO1. To investigate the biological roles of ANO1 in different tumor cells, we, in this study, selected several cancer cell lines and a normal HaCaT cell line with high expression levels of ANO1, and examined the function of ANO1 in these cells using approaches of lentiviral knockdown and pharmacological inhibition. We found that ANO1 knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in either tumor cell lines or normal HaCaT cell line. Moreover, silencing ANO1 arrested cancer cells at G1 phase of cell cycle. Treatment with ANO1 inhibitor CaCCinh-A01 reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, both ANO1 inhibitors CaCCinh-A01 and T16Ainh-A01 significantly suppressed cell migration. Our findings show that ANO1 overexpression promotes cancer cell proliferation and migration; and genetic or pharmacological inhibition of ANO1 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G1 phase in different types of epithelium-originated cancer cells. PMID:27732935

  4. MR imaging of fistula in ano: indications and contribution to surgical assessment.

    PubMed

    Mullen, R; Deveraj, S; Suttie, S A; Matthews, A G; Yalamarthi, S

    2011-01-01

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the imaging modality of choice for fistula in ano. The purpose of this study was to analyse the use of MRI, and to assess its contribution towards the assessment of this sometimes difficult condition. A retrospective analysis of all patients with fistula in ano between January 2003 and December 2007 was performed, focussing on those who had MRI assessment. The primary pathology, indication for MRI and the contribution of this investigation to assessment of fistula in ano were analysed. MRI was performed in 40 patients. The primary pathologies included: perianal sepsis in 20 (50%), Crohn's disease in 11 (27.5%), primary fistula in ano in 6 (15%) and others in 3 (7.5%) patients. Indications for MRI were to assess the fistula anatomy in 17 (42.5%), to assess a clinically suspected fistula in 12 (30%), to assess a complex fistula found at Examination Under Anaesthesia (EUA) in 6 (15%) and to exclude a fistula in 5 (12.5%). MRI was considered helpful in 34 (85%) of all cases. MRI established the fistula anatomy and guided further surgery in 47.1%, correlated with EUA findings in 38.2% and excluded a suspected fistula in 14.7% of these. This study further supports the benefit of using MRI to assess fistula in ano. When used in selected patients, it was of benefit in 85% of cases, by establishing fistula anatomy and guiding further surgery, correlating EUA findings or excluding a clinically suspected fistula.

  5. [Epidemiology and management of patients with ano-genital warts in Italy].

    PubMed

    Suligoi, Barbara; Salfa, Maria Cristina; Mariani, Luciano

    2010-01-01

    Overview of the impact of ano-genital warts in Italy. In Italy, the HPV infection is not subject to mandatory reporting, the available epidemiological data come from sentinel surveillance of STIs and show a high spread among young people under 25 years and an increase in reports after 2004. Although ano-genital warts are a benign disease, nonetheless they are characterized by a big relational and psycho-sexual impact, due also to high recurrence rates. It is extremely useful to promote information activities, education in safe sex, early diagnosis and treatment of genital warts. In this context, primary prevention through vaccination represents a valid tool of protection.

  6. Activation of the Ano1 (TMEM16A) chloride channel by calcium is not mediated by calmodulin

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Jinqiu; Qu, Zhiqiang; Cui, Yuan-Yuan; Hartzell, H. Criss

    2014-01-01

    The Ca2+-activated Cl channel anoctamin-1 (Ano1; Tmem16A) plays a variety of physiological roles, including epithelial fluid secretion. Ano1 is activated by increases in intracellular Ca2+, but there is uncertainty whether Ca2+ binds directly to Ano1 or whether phosphorylation or additional Ca2+-binding subunits like calmodulin (CaM) are required. Here we show that CaM is not necessary for activation of Ano1 by Ca2+ for the following reasons. (a) Exogenous CaM has no effect on Ano1 currents in inside-out excised patches. (b) Overexpression of Ca2+-insensitive mutants of CaM have no effect on Ano1 currents, whereas they eliminate the current mediated by the small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK2) channel. (c) Ano1 does not coimmunoprecipitate with CaM, whereas SK2 does. Furthermore, Ano1 binds very weakly to CaM in pull-down assays. (d) Ano1 is activated in excised patches by low concentrations of Ba2+, which does not activate CaM. In addition, we conclude that reversible phosphorylation/dephosphorylation is not required for current activation by Ca2+ because the current can be repeatedly activated in excised patches in the absence of ATP or other high-energy compounds. Although Ano1 is blocked by the CaM inhibitor trifluoperazine (TFP), we propose that TFP inhibits the channel in a CaM-independent manner because TFP does not inhibit Ano1 when applied to the cytoplasmic side of excised patches. These experiments lead us to conclude that CaM is not required for activation of Ano1 by Ca2+. Although CaM is not required for channel opening by Ca2+, work of other investigators suggests that CaM may have effects in modulating the biophysical properties of the channel. PMID:24420770

  7. Next generation sequencing on patients with LGMD and nonspecific myopathies: Findings associated with ANO5 mutations

    PubMed Central

    Savarese, Marco; Di Fruscio, Giuseppina; Tasca, Giorgio; Ruggiero, Lucia; Janssens, Sandra; De Bleecker, Jan; Delpech, Marc; Musumeci, Olimpia; Toscano, Antonio; Angelini, Corrado; Sacconi, Sabrina; Santoro, Lucio; Ricci, Enzo; Claes, Kathleen; Politano, Luisa; Nigro, Vincenzo

    2015-01-01

    We studied 786 undiagnosed patients with LGMD or nonspecific myopathic features to investigate the role of ANO5 mutations in limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) and in nonspecific myopathies using the next generation sequencing (NGS) approach. In 160 LGMD patients, we first sequenced hotspot exons 5 and 20 and then sequenced the remaining part of the coding region. Another 626 patients, recruited using broader inclusion criteria, were directly analyzed by targeted NGS. By combining NGS and Sanger sequencing, we identified 33/786 (4%) patients carrying putative pathogenic changes in both alleles and 23 ANO5 heterozygotes (3%). The phenotypic spectrum is broader than expected, from hyperCKemia to myopathies, with lack of genotype/phenotype correlations. In particular, this is currently the largest screening of the ANO5 gene. The large number of heterozygotes for damaging mutations suggests that anoctaminopathies should be frequent and often nonpenetrant. We propose the multiple genetic testing by targeted NGS as a first step to analyze patients with nonspecific myopathic presentations. This represents a straightforward approach to overcome the difficulties of clinical heterogeneity of ANO5 patients, and to test, at the same time, many other genes involved in neuromuscular disorders. PMID:25891276

  8. A Coding Variant of ANO10, Affecting Volume Regulation of Macrophages, Is Associated with Borrelia Seropositivity.

    PubMed

    Hammer, Christian; Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Sirianant, Lalida; Papiol, Sergi; Monnheimer, Mathieu; Faria, Diana; Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Schramek, Natalie; Schmitt, Corinna; Margos, Gabriele; Michel, Angelika; Kraiczy, Peter; Pawlita, Michael; Schreiber, Rainer; Schulz, Thomas F; Fingerle, Volker; Tumani, Hayrettin; Ehrenreich, Hannelore; Kunzelmann, Karl

    2015-02-23

    In a first genome-wide association study (GWAS) approach to anti-Borrelia seropositivity, we identified two significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs17850869, P = 4.17E-09; rs41289586, P = 7.18E-08). Both markers, located on chromosomes 16 and 3, respectively, are within or close to genes previously connected to spinocerebellar ataxia. The risk SNP rs41289586 represents a missense variant (R263H) of anoctamin 10 (ANO10), a member of a protein family encoding Cl(-) channels and phospholipid scramblases. ANO10 augments volume-regulated Cl(-) currents (IHypo) in Xenopus oocytes, HEK293 cells, lymphocytes and macrophages and controls volume regulation by enhancing regulatory volume decrease (RVD). ANO10 supports migration of macrophages and phagocytosis of spirochetes. The R263H variant is inhibitory on IHypo, RVD and intracellular Ca(2+) signals, which may delay spirochete clearance, thereby sensitizing adaptive immunity. Our data demonstrate for the first time that ANO10 has a central role in innate immune defense against Borrelia infection.

  9. Next generation sequencing on patients with LGMD and nonspecific myopathies: Findings associated with ANO5 mutations.

    PubMed

    Savarese, Marco; Di Fruscio, Giuseppina; Tasca, Giorgio; Ruggiero, Lucia; Janssens, Sandra; De Bleecker, Jan; Delpech, Marc; Musumeci, Olimpia; Toscano, Antonio; Angelini, Corrado; Sacconi, Sabrina; Santoro, Lucio; Ricci, Enzo; Claes, Kathleen; Politano, Luisa; Nigro, Vincenzo

    2015-07-01

    We studied 786 undiagnosed patients with LGMD or nonspecific myopathic features to investigate the role of ANO5 mutations in limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) and in nonspecific myopathies using the next generation sequencing (NGS) approach. In 160 LGMD patients, we first sequenced hotspot exons 5 and 20 and then sequenced the remaining part of the coding region. Another 626 patients, recruited using broader inclusion criteria, were directly analyzed by targeted NGS. By combining NGS and Sanger sequencing, we identified 33/786 (4%) patients carrying putative pathogenic changes in both alleles and 23 ANO5 heterozygotes (3%). The phenotypic spectrum is broader than expected, from hyperCKemia to myopathies, with lack of genotype/phenotype correlations. In particular, this is currently the largest screening of the ANO5 gene. The large number of heterozygotes for damaging mutations suggests that anoctaminopathies should be frequent and often nonpenetrant. We propose the multiple genetic testing by targeted NGS as a first step to analyze patients with nonspecific myopathic presentations. This represents a straightforward approach to overcome the difficulties of clinical heterogeneity of ANO5 patients, and to test, at the same time, many other genes involved in neuromuscular disorders. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. The Phenotypic Spectrum of DYT24 Due to ANO3 Mutations

    PubMed Central

    Stamelou, Maria; Charlesworth, Gavin; Cordivari, Carla; Schneider, Susanne A; Kägi, Georg; Sheerin, Una-Marie; Rubio-Agusti, Ignacio; Batla, Amit; Houlden, Henry; Wood, Nicholas W; Bhatia, Kailash P

    2014-01-01

    Genes causing primary dystonia are rare. Recently, pathogenic mutations in the anoctamin 3 gene (ANO3) have been identified to cause autosomal dominant craniocervical dystonia and have been assigned to the dystonia locus dystonia-24 (DYT24). Here, we expand on the phenotypic spectrum of DYT24 and provide demonstrative videos. Moreover, tremor recordings were performed, and back-averaged electroencephalography, sensory evoked potentials, and C-reflex studies were carried out in two individuals who carried two different mutations in ANO3. Ten patients from three families are described. The age at onset ranged from early childhood to the forties. Cervical dystonia was the most common site of onset followed by laryngeal dystonia. The characteristic feature in all affected individuals was the presence of tremor, which contrasts DYT24 from the typical DYT6 phenotype. Tremor was the sole initial manifestation in some individuals with ANO3 mutations, leading to misdiagnosis as essential tremor. Electrophysiology in two patients with two different mutations showed co-contraction of antagonist muscles, confirming dystonia, and a 6-Hz arm tremor at rest, which increased in amplitude during action. In one of the studied patients, clinically superimposed myoclonus was observed. The duration of the myoclonus was in the range of 250 msec at about 3 Hz, which is more consistent with subcortical myoclonus. In summary, ANO3 causes a varied phenotype of young-onset or adult-onset craniocervical dystonia with tremor and/or myoclonic jerks. Patients with familial cervical dystonia who also have myoclonus-dystonia as well as patients with prominent tremor and mild dystonia should be tested for ANO3 mutations. © 2014 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society PMID:24442708

  11. ANO10 mutations cause ataxia and coenzyme Q₁₀ deficiency.

    PubMed

    Balreira, Andrea; Boczonadi, Veronika; Barca, Emanuele; Pyle, Angela; Bansagi, Boglarka; Appleton, Marie; Graham, Claire; Hargreaves, Iain P; Rasic, Vedrana Milic; Lochmüller, Hanns; Griffin, Helen; Taylor, Robert W; Naini, Ali; Chinnery, Patrick F; Hirano, Michio; Quinzii, Catarina M; Horvath, Rita

    2014-11-01

    Inherited ataxias are heterogeneous disorders affecting both children and adults, with over 40 different causative genes, making molecular genetic diagnosis challenging. Although recent advances in next-generation sequencing have significantly improved mutation detection, few treatments exist for patients with inherited ataxia. In two patients with adult-onset cerebellar ataxia and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency in muscle, whole exome sequencing revealed mutations in ANO10, which encodes anoctamin 10, a member of a family of putative calcium-activated chloride channels, and the causative gene for autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia-10 (SCAR10). Both patients presented with slowly progressive ataxia and dysarthria leading to severe disability in the sixth decade. Epilepsy and learning difficulties were also present in one patient, while retinal degeneration and cataract were present in the other. The detection of mutations in ANO10 in our patients indicate that ANO10 defects cause secondary low CoQ10 and SCAR10 patients may benefit from CoQ10 supplementation.

  12. A systematic review of new treatments for cryptoglandular fistula in ano.

    PubMed

    Narang, Sunil K; Keogh, Kenneth; Alam, Nasra N; Pathak, Samir; Daniels, Ian R; Smart, Neil J

    2017-02-01

    In 2007 the ACPGBI published a position statement on the management of cryptoglandular fistula in ano. Over the last seven years a number of new treatments have been developed and the aim of this systematic review was to assess their effectiveness. A systematic review of all English language literature relevant to novel treatment strategies for cryptoglandular fistula in ano, published between 1 January 2007 and 31 Dec 2014 was carried out using MEDLINE (PubMed and Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid) and the Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews/Controlled Trials for relevant literature. Technical notes, commentaries, letters and meeting abstracts were excluded. The different treatments were assessed with regards to fistula closure rate in relation to length of follow up and reported complications. Seventy potential articles published between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2014 were identified from the initial literature search. Twenty-one articles were included for final analysis although only two were randomized controlled trials, the remainder being retrospective or prospective series. This systematic review has demonstrated that whilst there have been technological advances to treat complex cryptoglandular fistula in ano, these are in an early stage of evolution and although early results were promising they are difficult to reproduce. Longer follow up data is not currently available and these treatments should not be introduced without further evidence. Copyright © 2016 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Variomics screen identifies the re-entrant loop of the calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 that facilitates channel activation.

    PubMed

    Bill, Anke; Popa, M Oana; van Diepen, Michiel T; Gutierrez, Abraham; Lilley, Sarah; Velkova, Maria; Acheson, Kathryn; Choudhury, Hedaythul; Renaud, Nicole A; Auld, Douglas S; Gosling, Martin; Groot-Kormelink, Paul J; Gaither, L Alex

    2015-01-09

    The calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 regulates multiple physiological processes. However, little is known about the mechanism of channel gating and regulation of ANO1 activity. Using a high-throughput, random mutagenesis-based variomics screen, we generated and functionally characterized ∼6000 ANO1 mutants and identified novel mutations that affected channel activity, intracellular trafficking, or localization of ANO1. Mutations such as S741T increased ANO1 calcium sensitivity and rendered ANO1 calcium gating voltage-independent, demonstrating a critical role of the re-entrant loop in coupling calcium and voltage sensitivity of ANO1 and hence in regulating ANO1 activation. Our data present the first unbiased and comprehensive study of the structure-function relationship of ANO1. The novel ANO1 mutants reported have diverse functional characteristics, providing new tools to study ANO1 function in biological systems, paving the path for a better understanding of the function of ANO1 and its role in health and diseases.

  14. Variomics Screen Identifies the Re-entrant Loop of the Calcium-activated Chloride Channel ANO1 That Facilitates Channel Activation*

    PubMed Central

    Bill, Anke; Popa, M. Oana; van Diepen, Michiel T.; Gutierrez, Abraham; Lilley, Sarah; Velkova, Maria; Acheson, Kathryn; Choudhury, Hedaythul; Renaud, Nicole A.; Auld, Douglas S.; Gosling, Martin; Groot-Kormelink, Paul J.; Gaither, L. Alex

    2015-01-01

    The calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 regulates multiple physiological processes. However, little is known about the mechanism of channel gating and regulation of ANO1 activity. Using a high-throughput, random mutagenesis-based variomics screen, we generated and functionally characterized ∼6000 ANO1 mutants and identified novel mutations that affected channel activity, intracellular trafficking, or localization of ANO1. Mutations such as S741T increased ANO1 calcium sensitivity and rendered ANO1 calcium gating voltage-independent, demonstrating a critical role of the re-entrant loop in coupling calcium and voltage sensitivity of ANO1 and hence in regulating ANO1 activation. Our data present the first unbiased and comprehensive study of the structure-function relationship of ANO1. The novel ANO1 mutants reported have diverse functional characteristics, providing new tools to study ANO1 function in biological systems, paving the path for a better understanding of the function of ANO1 and its role in health and diseases. PMID:25425649

  15. Inhibition of Cell Proliferation by a Selective Inhibitor of the Ca2+-activated Cl− Channel, Ano1

    PubMed Central

    Mazzone, Amelia; Eisenman, Seth T.; Strege, Peter R.; Yao, Zhen; Ordog, Tamas; Gibbons, Simon J.; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2012-01-01

    Background Ion channels play important roles in regulation of cellular proliferation. Ano1 (TMEM16A) is a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel expressed in several tumors and cell types. In the muscle layers of the gastrointestinal tract Ano1 is selectively expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and appears to be required for normal gastrointestinal slow wave electrical activity. However, Ano1 is expressed in all classes of ICC, including those that do not generate slow waves suggesting that Ano1 may have other functions. Indeed, a role for Ano1 in regulating proliferation of tumors and ICC has been recently suggested. Recently, a high-throughput screen identified a small molecule, T16Ainh-A01 as a specific inhibitor of Ano1. Aim To investigate the effect of the T16Ainh-A01 inhibitor on proliferation in ICC and in the Ano1-expressing human pancreatic cancer cell line CFPAC-1. Methods Inhibition of Ano1 was demonstrated by whole cell voltage clamp recordings of currents in cells transfected with full-length human Ano1. The effect of T16Ainh-A01 on ICC proliferation was examined in situ in organotypic cultures of intact mouse small intestinal smooth muscle strips and in primary cell cultures prepared from these tissues. ICC were identified by Kit immunoreactivity. Proliferating ICC and CFPAC-1 cells were identified by immunoreactivity for the nuclear antigen Ki67 or EdU incorporation, respectively. Results T16Ainh-A01 inhibited Ca2+- activated Cl− currents by 60% at 10 µM in a voltage-independent fashion. Proliferation of ICC was significantly reduced in primary cultures from BALB/c mice following treatment with T16Ainh-A01. Proliferation of the CFPAC-1 human cell-line was also reduced by T16Ainh-A01. In organotypic cultures of smooth muscle strips from mouse jejunum, the proliferation of ICC was reduced but the total number of proliferating cells/confocal stack was not affected, suggesting that the inhibitory effect was specific for ICC. Conclusions The selective

  16. [Effects of membrane protein ANO1 stable overexpression on laryngocarcinoma Hep-2 cells].

    PubMed

    Li, Ya-dong

    2014-02-01

    To explore the effects of ANO1 overexpression on the proliferation, detachment, spreading, and migration of laryngocarcinoma Hep-2 cell line. ANO1-overexpressing Hep-2 cell line was selected as the assay group, and Hep-2 cell line with empty plasmid was selected as the control group. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation abilities of Hep-2 cells in both two groups. Cell detachment assay and spreading assay were used to detect the detachment and spreading abilities of Hep-2 cells. Boyden chamber invasion assay, wound healing assay in vitro, and niflumic acid block chloride channel were used to detect the migration abilities of Hep-2 cells. All data were analyzed by SPSS 10.0 software package. Cell proliferation assay by MTT showed that, compared with the control group, the optical density value of assay group was not significantly different (P=0.62). The results of cell detachment assay and cell spreading assay showed the cell detachment rates and cell spreading rates in assay group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.0001). The results of Boyden chamber invasion assay showed the percentages of cells migrating through the membrane in assay group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.0001). The results of in vitro wound healing experiments showed the wound area rate in assay group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.0001). The results of niflumic acid blocking chloride channel experiments showed the wound area rates in assay group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.0001). ANO1 overexpression does not remarkably alter the proliferation rate of cancer cells, but increases the migration, spreading, and detachment capacities of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

  17. ANOS1: a unified nomenclature for Kallmann syndrome 1 gene (KAL1) and anosmin-1.

    PubMed

    de Castro, Fernando; Seal, Ruth; Maggi, Roberto

    2016-11-29

    It is accepted that confusion regarding the description of genetic variants occurs when researchers do not use standard nomenclature. The Human Genome Organization Gene Nomenclature Committee contacted a panel of consultants, all working on the KAL1 gene, to propose an update of the nomenclature of the gene, as there was a convention in the literature of using the 'KAL1' symbol, when referring to the gene, but using the name 'anosmin-1' when referring to the protein. The new name, ANOS1, reflects protein name and is more transferrable across species.

  18. The Ca2+-activated Cl− channel, ANO1 (TMEM16A), is a double-edged sword in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis

    PubMed Central

    Qu, Zhiqiang; Yao, Weicheng; Yao, Ruyong; Liu, Xiangping; Yu, Kuai; Hartzell, Criss

    2014-01-01

    Since anoctamin 1 ANO1 (TMEM16A) was found to be a molecular component of Ca2+-activated Cl− channels, its role in tumorigenesis has gained attention at a fast pace. ANO1 overexpression frequently occurs in the cancer tissues along with 11q13 chromosome amplification. Poor prognosis of many types of cancers has been closely correlated with ANO1 gene amplification and protein overexpression. ANO1 is now considered an excellent biomarker for certain cancers. Recent research suggests that it is the channel function of ANO1 that is involved in the tumorigenesis. However, how the overexpression of the functional ANO1 causes malignant transformation of tissues via signaling pathways, for example, MAPK remains to be investigated. Clarification of the reasons in future will avail to make ANO1 as a target for cancer treatment. PMID:24639373

  19. The Ca2+-activated Cl- channel ANO1/TMEM16A regulates primary ciliogenesis.

    PubMed

    Ruppersburg, Chelsey Chandler; Hartzell, H Criss

    2014-06-01

    Many cells possess a single, nonmotile, primary cilium highly enriched in receptors and sensory transduction machinery that plays crucial roles in cellular morphogenesis. Although sensory transduction requires ion channels, relatively little is known about ion channels in the primary cilium (with the exception of TRPP2). Here we show that the Ca(2+)-activated Cl ((-)) channel anoctamin-1 (ANO1/TMEM16A) is located in the primary cilium and that blocking its channel function pharmacologically or knocking it down with short hairpin RNA interferes with ciliogenesis. Before ciliogenesis, the channel becomes organized into a torus-shaped structure ("the nimbus") enriched in proteins required for ciliogenesis, including the small GTPases Cdc42 and Arl13b and the exocyst complex component Sec6. The nimbus excludes F-actin and coincides with a ring of acetylated microtubules. The nimbus appears to form before, or independent of, apical docking of the mother centriole. Our data support a model in which the nimbus provides a scaffold for staging of ciliary components for assembly very early in ciliogenesis and chloride transport by ANO1/TMEM16A is required for the genesis or maintenance of primary cilia.

  20. Comparing Ksharasutra (Ayurvedic Seton) and open fistulotomy in the management of fistula-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Dutta, Gouranga; Bain, Jayanta; Ray, Ajay Kumar; Dey, Soumedhik; Das, Nandini; Das, Biswanath

    2015-01-01

    Most commonly practiced surgical "lay open" technique to treat fistula-in-ano (a common anorectal pathology) has high rate of recurrence and anal incontinence. Alternatively, a nonsurgical cost efficient treatment with Ksharasutra (cotton Seton coated with Ayurvedic medicines) has minimal complications. In our study, we have tried to compare these two techniques. A prospective randomized control study was designed involving patients referred to the Department of General Surgery in RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India, from January 2010 to September 2011. Among 50 patients, 26 were in Ksharasutra and 24 were in fistulotomy group. 86% patients were male and 54% of the patients were in the fourth decade. About 74% fistulas are inter-sphincteric and 26% were of trans-sphincteric variety. Severe postoperative pain was more (7.7% vs. 25%) in fistulotomy group, while wound discharge was more associated with Ksharasutra group (15.3% vs. 8.3%). Wound scarring, bleeding, and infection rate were similar in both groups. Ksharasutra group took more time to heal (mean: 53 vs. 35.7 days, P = 0.002) despite reduced disruption to their routine work (2.7 vs. 15.5 days work off, P <0.001). Interestingly, pain experienced was less in Ksharasutra group, there was no open wound in contrast to fistulotomy and it was significantly cost effective (Rupees 166 vs. 464). Treatment of fistula-in-ano with Ksharasutra is a simple with low complications and minimal cost.

  1. Ano1, a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel, coordinates contractility in mouse intestine by Ca2+ transient coordination between interstitial cells of Cajal

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Raman Deep; Gibbons, Simon J; Saravanaperumal, Siva Arumugam; Du, Peng; Hennig, Grant W; Eisenman, Seth T; Mazzone, Amelia; Hayashi, Yujiro; Cao, Chike; Stoltz, Gary J; Ordog, Tamas; Rock, Jason R; Harfe, Brian D; Szurszewski, Joseph H; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2014-01-01

    Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are pacemaker cells that generate electrical activity to drive contractility in the gastrointestinal tract via ion channels. Ano1 (Tmem16a), a Ca2+-activated Cl− channel, is an ion channel expressed in ICC. Genetic deletion of Ano1 in mice resulted in loss of slow waves in smooth muscle of small intestine. In this study, we show that Ano1 is required to maintain coordinated Ca2+ transients between myenteric ICC (ICC-MY) of small intestine. First, we found spontaneous Ca2+ transients in ICC-MY in both Ano1 WT and knockout (KO) mice. However, Ca2+ transients within the ICC-MY network in Ano1 KO mice were uncoordinated, while ICC-MY Ca2+ transients in Ano1 WT mice were rhythmic and coordinated. To confirm the role of Ano1 in the loss of Ca2+ transient coordination, we used pharmacological inhibitors of Ano1 activity and shRNA-mediated knock down of Ano1 expression in organotypic cultures of Ano1 WT small intestine. Coordinated Ca2+ transients became uncoordinated using both these approaches, supporting the conclusion that Ano1 is required to maintain coordination/rhythmicity of Ca2+ transients. We next determined the effect on smooth muscle contractility using spatiotemporal maps of contractile activity in Ano1 KO and WT tissues. Significantly decreased contractility that appeared to be non-rhythmic and uncoordinated was observed in Ano1 KO jejunum. In conclusion, Ano1 has a previously unidentified role in the regulation of coordinated gastrointestinal smooth muscle function through coordination of Ca2+ transients in ICC-MY. PMID:25063822

  2. Three novel ANO5 missense mutations in Caucasian and Chinese families and sporadic cases with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Lingling; Liu, Yi; Sun, Fanyue; Collins, Michael T.; Blackwell, Keith; Woo, Albert S.; Reichenberger, Ernst J.; Hu, Ying

    2017-01-01

    Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD; MIM#166260) is an autosomal dominant syndrome with characteristic cemento-osseous lesions of jawbones, bone fragility, and diaphyseal sclerosis of tubular bones. To date, only five mutations in the proposed calcium-activated chloride channel ANO5/TMEM16E gene have been identified. In this study, we describe two families and two singular patients with three new mutations. One Caucasian family with seven affected members exhibited frequent bone fractures and florid osseous dysplasia (p.Cys356Tyr), while one Chinese family with two affected members suffered from cementoma and purulent osteomyelitis (p.Cys360Tyr). In addition, two different novel mutations (p.Gly518Glu and p.Arg215Gly) were identified in sporadic patients without family history. In vitro studies overexpressing GDD mutations (p.Cys356Tyr and p.Cys360Tyr) showed significantly reduced ANO5 protein. It appears that all GDD mutations known so far locate in an extracellular domain following the first transmembrane domain or in the 4th putative transmembrane domain. Both wild-type and mutant ANO5 protein localize to the endoplasmic reticulum. After Ano5 gene knock-down with shRNA in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast precursors we saw elevated expression of osteoblast-related genes such as Col1a1, osteocalcin, osterix and Runx2 as well as increased mineral nodule formation in differentiating cells. Our data suggest that ANO5 plays a role in osteoblast differentiation. PMID:28176803

  3. Mapping of long-range INS promoter interactions reveals a role for calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 in insulin secretion.

    PubMed

    Xu, Zhixiong; Lefevre, Gaelle M; Gavrilova, Oksana; Foster St Claire, Mark B; Riddick, Gregory; Felsenfeld, Gary

    2014-11-25

    We used circular chromatin conformation capture (4C) to identify a physical contact in human pancreatic islets between the region near the insulin (INS) promoter and the ANO1 gene, lying 68 Mb away on human chromosome 11, which encodes a Ca(2+)-dependent chloride ion channel. In response to glucose, this contact was strengthened and ANO1 expression increased, whereas inhibition of INS gene transcription by INS promoter targeting siRNA decreased ANO1 expression, revealing a regulatory effect of INS promoter on ANO1 expression. Knockdown of ANO1 expression caused decreased insulin secretion in human islets, establishing a physical proximity-dependent feedback loop involving INS transcription, ANO1 expression, and insulin secretion. To explore a possible role of ANO1 in insulin metabolism, we carried out experiments in Ano1(+/-) mice. We observed reduced serum insulin levels and insulin-to-glucose ratios in high-fat diet-fed Ano1(+/-) mice relative to Ano1(+/+) mice fed the same diet. Our results show that determination of long-range contacts within the nucleus can be used to detect novel and physiologically relevant mechanisms. They also show that networks of long-range physical contacts are important to the regulation of insulin metabolism.

  4. Inhibition of Calcium-Activated Chloride Channel ANO1/TMEM16A Suppresses Tumor Growth and Invasion in Human Lung Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Linghan; Liu, Wen; Guan, Lizhao; Lu, Min; Wang, KeWei

    2015-01-01

    Lung cancer or pulmonary carcinoma is primarily derived from epithelial cells that are thin and line on the alveolar surfaces of the lung for gas exchange. ANO1/TMEM16A, initially identified from airway epithelial cells, is a member of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) that function to regulate epithelial secretion and cell volume for maintenance of ion and tissue homeostasis. ANO1/TMEM16A has recently been shown to be highly expressed in several epithelium originated carcinomas. However, the role of ANO1 in lung cancer remains unknown. In this study, we show that inhibition of calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1/TMEM16A suppresses tumor growth and invasion in human lung cancer. ANO1 is upregulated in different human lung cancer cell lines. Knocking-down ANO1 by small hairpin RNAs inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of GLC82 and NCI-H520 cancel cells evaluated by CCK-8, would-healing, transwell and 3D soft agar assays. ANO1 protein is overexpressed in 77.3% cases of human lung adenocarcinoma tissues detected by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, the tumor growth in nude mice implanted with GLC82 cells was significantly suppressed by ANO1 silencing. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that ANO1 overexpression contributes to tumor growth and invasion of lung cancer; and suppressing ANO1 overexpression may have therapeutic potential in lung cancer therapy. PMID:26305547

  5. Mapping of long-range INS promoter interactions reveals a role for calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1 in insulin secretion

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Zhixiong; Lefevre, Gaelle M.; Gavrilova, Oksana; Foster St. Claire, Mark B.; Riddick, Gregory; Felsenfeld, Gary

    2014-01-01

    We used circular chromatin conformation capture (4C) to identify a physical contact in human pancreatic islets between the region near the insulin (INS) promoter and the ANO1 gene, lying 68 Mb away on human chromosome 11, which encodes a Ca2+-dependent chloride ion channel. In response to glucose, this contact was strengthened and ANO1 expression increased, whereas inhibition of INS gene transcription by INS promoter targeting siRNA decreased ANO1 expression, revealing a regulatory effect of INS promoter on ANO1 expression. Knockdown of ANO1 expression caused decreased insulin secretion in human islets, establishing a physical proximity-dependent feedback loop involving INS transcription, ANO1 expression, and insulin secretion. To explore a possible role of ANO1 in insulin metabolism, we carried out experiments in Ano1+/− mice. We observed reduced serum insulin levels and insulin-to-glucose ratios in high-fat diet–fed Ano1+/− mice relative to Ano1+/+ mice fed the same diet. Our results show that determination of long-range contacts within the nucleus can be used to detect novel and physiologically relevant mechanisms. They also show that networks of long-range physical contacts are important to the regulation of insulin metabolism. PMID:25385647

  6. Inhibition of Calcium-Activated Chloride Channel ANO1/TMEM16A Suppresses Tumor Growth and Invasion in Human Lung Cancer.

    PubMed

    Jia, Linghan; Liu, Wen; Guan, Lizhao; Lu, Min; Wang, KeWei

    2015-01-01

    Lung cancer or pulmonary carcinoma is primarily derived from epithelial cells that are thin and line on the alveolar surfaces of the lung for gas exchange. ANO1/TMEM16A, initially identified from airway epithelial cells, is a member of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) that function to regulate epithelial secretion and cell volume for maintenance of ion and tissue homeostasis. ANO1/TMEM16A has recently been shown to be highly expressed in several epithelium originated carcinomas. However, the role of ANO1 in lung cancer remains unknown. In this study, we show that inhibition of calcium-activated chloride channel ANO1/TMEM16A suppresses tumor growth and invasion in human lung cancer. ANO1 is upregulated in different human lung cancer cell lines. Knocking-down ANO1 by small hairpin RNAs inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of GLC82 and NCI-H520 cancel cells evaluated by CCK-8, would-healing, transwell and 3D soft agar assays. ANO1 protein is overexpressed in 77.3% cases of human lung adenocarcinoma tissues detected by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, the tumor growth in nude mice implanted with GLC82 cells was significantly suppressed by ANO1 silencing. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that ANO1 overexpression contributes to tumor growth and invasion of lung cancer; and suppressing ANO1 overexpression may have therapeutic potential in lung cancer therapy.

  7. Fistula Plug in Fistulising Ano-Perineal Crohn's Disease: a Randomised Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Senéjoux, A; Siproudhis, L; Abramowitz, L; Munoz-Bongrand, N; Desseaux, K; Bouguen, G; Bourreille, A; Dewit, O; Stefanescu, C; Vernier, G; Louis, E; Grimaud, J C; Godart, B; Savoye, G; Hebuterne, X; Bauer, P; Nachury, M; Laharie, D; Chevret, S; Bouhnik, Y

    2016-02-01

    Anal fistula plug [AFP] is a bioabsorbable bioprosthesis used in ano-perineal fistula treatment. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of AFP in fistulising ano-perineal Crohn's disease [FAP-CD]. In a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial we compared seton removal alone [control group] with AFP insertion [AFP group] in 106 Crohn's disease patients with non- or mildly active disease having at least one ano-perineal fistula tract drained for more than 1 month. Patients with abscess [collection ≥ 3mm on magnetic resonance imaging or recto-vaginal fistulas were excluded. Randomisation was stratified in simple or complex fistulas according to AGA classification. Primary end point was fistula closure at Week 12. In all, 54 patients were randomised to AFP group [control group 52]. Median fistula duration was 23 [10-53] months. Median Crohn's Disease Activity Index at baseline was 81 [45-135]. Fistula closure at Week 12 was achieved in 31.5% patients in the AFP group and in 23.1 % in the control group (relative risk [RR] stratified on AGA classification: 1.31; 95% confidence interval: 0.59-4.02; p = 0.19). No interaction in treatment effect with complexity stratum was found; 33.3% of patients with complex fistula and 30.8% of patients with simple fistula closed the tracts after AFP, as compared with 15.4% and 25.6% in controls, respectively [RR of success = 2.17 in complex fistula vs RR = 1.20 in simple fistula; p = 0.45]. Concerning safety, at Week 12, 17 patients developed at least one adverse event in the AFP group vs 8 in the controls [p = 0.07]. AFP is not more effective than seton removal alone to achieve FAP-CD closure. Copyright © 2015 European Crohn’s and Colitis Organisation (ECCO). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Modular condenser replacement at ANO-1 solves operating problems and improves performance

    SciTech Connect

    Edgell, D.; Davidian, A.

    1999-07-01

    After 22 years of operation, the condenser tube bundles and waterboxes at Arkansas Nuclear One, Unit 1 (ANO-1) had deteriorated significantly, impairing operating performance, reducing condenser reliability and increasing maintenance cost. An extensive condition assessment performed in 1995 revealed a 34% wall loss on the original Admiralty tubing and an erosion rate of 1.7% annually. Additionally, Arkansas Nuclear One was considering an 8% power uprate, which would place additional duty on the main condenser. As a result, it was decided to completely reconstruct the four condenser tube bundles serving the two low-pressure turbines at Arkansas Nuclear One. An evaluation of the available condenser tube materials was performed to determine which material was best suited for service in the single pass, single pressure condenser at ANO-1. All copper based materials were excluded from consideration due to the detrimental effect copper has on secondary chemistry and more specifically steam generator integrity. Titanium and a variety of stainless steel materials were evaluated, and ultimately titanium was selected as the replacement condenser tube material for the rebuilt condenser tube bundles due primarily to its corrosion resistance and extensive operating experience in condenser service. An impressed current cathodic protection system and epoxy waterbox coating was also installed to prevent galvanic corrosion of the carbon steel waterboxes. The cathodic protection system included local alarm indication to alert plant operating staff of any system malfunction that could result in titanium hydrating. A comparison of the heat transfer characteristics of the existing condenser design with Admiralty tubes and a new tube bundle design with titanium tubes concluded that a new tube bundle design was required to optimize the condenser performance and accommodate the anticipated 8% power uprate. This paper will discuss the condenser optimization program from the design state to

  9. Comparing Ksharasutra (Ayurvedic Seton) and open fistulotomy in the management of fistula-in-ano

    PubMed Central

    Dutta, Gouranga; Bain, Jayanta; Ray, Ajay Kumar; Dey, Soumedhik; Das, Nandini; Das, Biswanath

    2015-01-01

    Background: Most commonly practiced surgical “lay open” technique to treat fistula-in-ano (a common anorectal pathology) has high rate of recurrence and anal incontinence. Alternatively, a nonsurgical cost efficient treatment with Ksharasutra (cotton Seton coated with Ayurvedic medicines) has minimal complications. In our study, we have tried to compare these two techniques. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized control study was designed involving patients referred to the Department of General Surgery in RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India, from January 2010 to September 2011. Results: Among 50 patients, 26 were in Ksharasutra and 24 were in fistulotomy group. 86% patients were male and 54% of the patients were in the fourth decade. About 74% fistulas are inter-sphincteric and 26% were of trans-sphincteric variety. Severe postoperative pain was more (7.7% vs. 25%) in fistulotomy group, while wound discharge was more associated with Ksharasutra group (15.3% vs. 8.3%). Wound scarring, bleeding, and infection rate were similar in both groups. Ksharasutra group took more time to heal (mean: 53 vs. 35.7 days, P = 0.002) despite reduced disruption to their routine work (2.7 vs. 15.5 days work off, P <0.001). Interestingly, pain experienced was less in Ksharasutra group, there was no open wound in contrast to fistulotomy and it was significantly cost effective (Rupees 166 vs. 464). Conclusion: Treatment of fistula-in-ano with Ksharasutra is a simple with low complications and minimal cost. PMID:26283840

  10. Comparative study of Ksharasutra suturing and Lord's anal dilatation in the management of Parikartika (chronic fissure-in-ano)

    PubMed Central

    Dudhamal, Tukaram S.; Baghel, Madhav Singh; Bhuyan, Chaturbhuja; Gupta, Sanjay Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Background: Parikartika resembles fissure-in-ano which is very common among all ano-rectal disorders. In Ayurvedic texts, Parikartika is described as a complication of Vamana and Virechana as well as complication of Atisara. Ksharasutra was proved successful in the management of fistula-in-ano, piles, and there is a need to try its efficacy in fissure-in-ano. Aim: To evaluate the role of Ksharasutra suturing (KSS) in fissure bed in chronic fissure-in-ano. Materials and Methods: Total 100 patients of chronic fissure-in-ano were selected and randomly divided into two groups (50 in each group). In group-A, patients were undergone by KSS; while in patients of Group-B Lord's anal dilatation followed by KSS was done under spinal anesthesia. The KSS was done once and after slough out of Ksharasutra, the wound was treated for 4 weeks and assessment of the result was done on the basis of gradation adopted. Results: The pain relief on 14th day in Group-A was 86% while in Group-B 100% was observed. As on 7th day in Group-A, oozing was stopped in 68% patients, while in Group-B, oozing was stopped in 82% patients. On 21st day, Group-B showed more healing (85%) as compared to Group-A (69%). In this study 68% of patients were cured. Conclusion: In Group-B (KSS with Lord's anal dilatation) patients were cured early as compared to patients of Group-A (KSS alone). PMID:25558158

  11. Conditional genetic deletion of Ano1 in interstitial cells of Cajal impairs Ca(2+) transients and slow waves in adult mouse small intestine.

    PubMed

    Malysz, John; Gibbons, Simon J; Saravanaperumal, Siva A; Du, Peng; Eisenman, Seth T; Cao, Chike; Oh, Uhtaek; Saur, Dieter; Klein, Sabine; Ordog, Tamas; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2017-03-01

    Myenteric plexus interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-MY) in the small intestine are Kit(+) electrical pacemakers that express the Ano1/TMEM16A Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel, whose functions in the gastrointestinal tract remain incompletely understood. In this study, an inducible Cre-LoxP-based approach was used to advance the understanding of Ano1 in ICC-MY of adult mouse small intestine. Kit(CreERT2/+);Ano1(Fl/Fl) mice were treated with tamoxifen or vehicle, and small intestines (mucosa free) were examined. Quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated ~50% reduction in Ano1 mRNA in intestines of conditional knockouts (cKOs) compared with vehicle-treated controls. Whole mount immunohistochemistry showed a mosaic/patchy pattern loss of Ano1 protein in ICC networks. Ca(2+) transients in ICC-MY network of cKOs displayed reduced duration compared with highly synchronized controls and showed synchronized and desynchronized profiles. When matched, the rank order for Ano1 expression in Ca(2+) signal imaged fields of view was as follows: vehicle controls>cKO(synchronized)>cKO(desynchronized). Maintenance of Ca(2+) transients' synchronicity despite high loss of Ano1 indicates a large functional reserve of Ano1 in the ICC-MY network. Slow waves in cKOs displayed reduced duration and increased inter-slow-wave interval and occurred in regular- and irregular-amplitude oscillating patterns. The latter activity suggested ongoing interaction by independent interacting oscillators. Lack of slow waves and depolarization, previously reported for neonatal constitutive knockouts, were also seen. In summary, Ano1 in adults regulates gastrointestinal function by determining Ca(2+) transients and electrical activity depending on the level of Ano1 expression. Partial Ano1 loss results in Ca(2+) transients and slow waves displaying reduced duration, while complete and widespread absence of Ano1 in ICC-MY causes lack of slow wave and desynchronized Ca(2+) transients.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The Ca(2+)-activated

  12. [Strategies on perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano: interpretation of the guidelines from USA and German].

    PubMed

    Ding, Shu-qing; Ding, Yi-jiang

    2012-12-01

    The Practice Parameters for the Management of Perianal Abscess and Fistula-in-ano from USA(2011) and German guidelines for anal abscess (2012) are based on the evidence and specialists consensus from colorectal field. Standardization of the anal abscess management may simplify the anal fistula treatment. This review is to concepts from other countries and guide the treatment in China.

  13. Randomized controlled pilot trial of nifedipine as oral therapy vs. topical application in the treatment of fissure-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Agrawal, Vivek; Kaushal, Gourav; Gupta, Rachna

    2013-11-01

    Fissure-in-ano is a common condition that leads to pain and affects quality of life. Sphincterotomy remains the gold standard, but it may lead to troublesome incontinence in some patients. To overcome this problem, numerous pharmacologic therapies have been tested with varying outcomes. The investigators compared the effect of the addition of oral and topical nifedipine to conservative measures in the treatment of patients with fissure-in-ano. Ninety patients with fissure-in-ano, randomized into 3 groups of 30 each, were included in the study. Group I received conventional treatment, group II received oral nifedipine and conventional treatment, and group III received topical nifedipine along with conventional treatment. Patients were followed for 8 weeks for pain relief (assessed using a visual analogue scale) and healing to evaluate the effect of treatment. Pain relief was significantly better in the group III at 3 weeks and 2 months compared with group I (P < .05). Groups II and III were comparable in terms of pain relief. Healing rates were significantly better in group II (P = .03) and group III (P = .00) compared with group I, but groups II and III were found to be comparable. Adverse effects were most commonly reported by group II patients, but these were not significantly higher than in other 2 groups. We recommend the addition of either oral or topical nifedipine to conservative measures to significantly improve pain relief and healing rates in patients with fissure-in-ano. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The proposed use of radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of fistula-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Keogh, Kenneth M; Smart, Neil J

    2016-01-01

    Fistula in ano is a very common presentation to colorectal clinic. Embarrassment due to the symptoms makes accurate estimations of incidence difficult. It is estimated that up to 40% of peri-anal abscess will be accompanied by or preceded by a fistula. Fistulae can be classified into simple fistulae that involve no or minimal sphincter muscle and complex, which involve significant amounts of the anal sphincter muscle, possibly with multiple tracts. For complex fistulae a seton suture is usually placed through the tract and out through the anus to form a loop allowing pockets of sepsis to drain internally and externally and a mature tract of fibrous tissue to develop. Following this period definitive fistula treatment is considered. This can involve a number of procedures that have tremendously varied success rates in the literature. The first stage of surgical treatment is often a core fistulectomy, which entails surgical removal of the tract. This may be followed by insertion of fibrin glue, a collagen plug or formation of a rotation skin flap from surrounding tissue in order to close the resultant tissue defect. All current treatments have a significant failure rate. If this wound breaks down the surgery can leave a large painful peri-anal wound that can lead to ongoing fistulation. Should this occur resiting of the seton will be required with the patient only getting back to square one after months of healing around the seton. In addition removing cores of fibrous tissue passing through the sphincter can threaten the sphincter function resulting in impaired continence. Having seen radiofrequency ablation used to close varicose veins the authors propose that one could use similar techniques to close a fibrous tract matured with a seton in order to close a fistula. The authors propose that a short length radiofrequency catheter could be used to treat fistula in ano. This would in theory be less painful with less tissue destruction. In addition there would be no

  15. Física e Arte nas Estações do Ano

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pessôa Queiroz, Glória; da Conceição Barbosa Lima, Maria; Navarro Vasconcellos das Mercês, Maria

    2004-12-01

    The paper deals with the subject of the Four Seasons, exploring elements of Science and the Art in order to motivate students or public of museums of science and technology to understand it from their current cultural experiences and of old times. Physics joins to Astronomy to explain the phenomenon, while the use of Music and Painting make possible the immersion in the subject in way to many trips to the imagination capable to awake emotions.A proposal didactic is presented and justified for some consensus of the research in the area of teaching-learning of science, since that related to the persistent alternative conceptions concerning the causes of the changes observed at the different times of the year until the qualitative modelling of phenomena that appeals three-dimensional pedagogical models. Such proposal was developed in the activity named " Hiper interesting Talk: The Four Seasons, Science and Art" in the first Sunday of August/2003 in the Museum of Astronomy, MAST. O artigo trata do tema das Estações do Ano, explorando elementos da Ciência e da Arte como forma de motivar estudantes ou público de museus de ciência e tecnologia a compreendê-lo a partir de vivências culturais atuais e de outras épocas. A Física se junta à Astronomia para explicar o fenômeno, enquanto a Música e a Pintura possibilitam a imersão no tema em meio a muitas viagens à imaginação capazes de despertar emoções.Uma proposta didática é apresentada e justificada por consensos das muitas pesquisas na área de ensino-aprendizagem de ciências, desde os que se referem às persistentes concepções alternativas acerca das causas das mudanças observadas nas diferentes épocas do ano até à modelagem qualitativa de fenômenos que recorre a modelos pedagógicos tridimensionais. Tal proposta foi desenvolvida na atividade "Bate papo Hiperinteressante: As Quatro Estações, Ciência e Arte" realizada no primeiro domingo do mês de agosto de 2003 no Museu de Astronomia.

  16. The anal fistula plug in Crohn's disease patients with fistula-in-ano: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Nasseri, Y; Cassella, L; Berns, M; Zaghiyan, K; Cohen, J

    2016-04-01

    This study aimed to review, consolidate and analyse the findings of studies investigating the efficacy of anal fistula plugs (AFPs) in treating fistula-in-ano in patients with Crohn's disease. A literature review was conducted via Pubmed, Embase, Medline, Scopus and the Cochrane Library for the period 1995-2015. Articles were selected and reviewed based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 16 studies were extracted, of which 12 were included in the systematic review. In total, 84 patients (n = 1-20 per study) with a median age of 45 (18-72) years and a median follow-up time of 9 (3-24) months were analysed. The total success rate, defined as closure of the fistula tract, was 49/84 (58.3%, 95% CI 47-69). Success in patients with recurrent anal fistulae was 2/5 (40%, 95% CI 5-85). Overall, the success rates of Surgisis and GORE BIO-A brand plugs were 48/80 (60%, 95% CI 48-71) and 1/4 (25%, 95% CI 1-81). The recurrence rate of fistula-in-ano in the five studies that reported recurrence was 3/22 (13.6%). In two comparative studies, inferior overall success rates were found in patients who received preoperative immunomodulators vs. those who did not [3/11 (27.3%) vs. 17/23 (73.9%)]. The studies suggest that the use of an AFP in patients with Crohn's disease is a safe procedure with reasonable success, little morbidity and a low risk of incontinence. The current literature is limited by a number of factors, including small study cohorts, grouping of fistulae in Crohn's disease with other types of anal fistula, short and highly variable follow-up times and multiple confounding factors such as number of fistula tracts, use of preoperative steroids or immunosuppressants, previous use of setons and variation in surgical technique. Colorectal Disease © 2016 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  17. Fistulotomy versus fistulectomy for simple fistula in ano: a retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Murtaza, Ghulam; Shaikh, Fareed Ahmed; Chawla, Tabish; Rajput, Batool Urooj; Shahzad, Noman; Ansari, Sumaiya

    2017-03-01

    To compare fistulotomy with fistulectomy for wound healing, duration of surgery, post-operative pain, incontinence and recurrence in patients with fistula in ano. This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of adults who had undergone fistulotomy/fistulectomy for simple fistula in ano from January 2007 to August 2012. Data collection was done in August 2013 using questionnaire and telephonic interviews. Outcome variables like duration of wound healing, recurrence, incontinence, duration of surgery and post-operative pain were compared in both the groups. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis. Of the 192 cases, there were 96(50%) in each group. The mean age was 40.51 years (range: 21-72 years) in the fistulotomy group and 41.14 years (range: 21-66 years) in the fistulectomy group (p=0.66). Both groups were comparable for baseline demographic variables. The median duration of wound healing was shorter in the fistulotomy group 15 days (Interquartile range: 7-20 days) compared to the fistulectomy group 30 days (Interquartile range: 15-42 days) (p<0.001). The incidence of recurrence was comparable in fistulotomy vs. fistulectomy (3[3.12%] vs. 4[4.16%]; p=0.70). The incidence of incontinence was higher in fistulotomy compared to fistulectomy (5[5.3%] vs. 12[12.5%]; p=0.07). The severity of incontinence was also compared but the difference was insignificant (p=0.06). The median duration of surgery was significantly shorter in fistulotomy group 17 minutes (Interquartile range: 12-25 minutes) compared to fistulectomy group 25 minutes Interquartile range: 20-35 minutes (p<0.001). The median post-operative pain in the surgical day care unit and at the first follow-up in clinic was zero for both groups. Fistulotomy yielded better results than fistulectomy since it significantly decreased the duration of wound healing and duration of surgery without increasing the incidence of recurrence, incontinence and post

  18. Development of Educational Resources to Include the Teaching of Astronomy in the First Years of the Basic Education. (Spanish Title: Desarrollo de Recursos Pedagógicos Para Incluir la Enseñanza de la Astronomía en los Primeros Años de la Educación Básica.) Desenvolvimento de Recursos Pedagógicos Para Inserir o Ensino de Astronomia nas Séries Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    da Silva Morett, Samara; de Oliveira Souza, Marcelo

    2010-07-01

    ía y la vida cotidiana de los estudiantes. La inclusión de la astronomía en la escuela primaria es una manera de demostrar a los estudiantes cómo este campo está presente de forma activa en su vida cotidiana. Las clases que participan en el proyecto participaron en un estudio con el objetivo de proporcionar información a los conocimientos previos que tenían sobre los temas de la astronomía que se examinaron durante el proyecto. Con los experimentos realizados, y la ayuda de las nuevas tecnologías, conceptos astronómicos fueron presentados a los estudiantes de 4to y 5to año de la educación básica de una escuela municipal de Campos dos Goytacazes (RJ). Después de las presentaciones nuevos datos fueran colectados y se han llevado a cabo con el fin de verificar el nivel de aprendizaje alcanzado y se observó que el método utilizado fue una herramienta importante para ayudar al proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. El proyecto logró resultados satisfactorios. Neste trabalho será apresentado o desenvolvimento de recursos pedagógicos para a apresentação de conceitos de astronomia nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental. Este material é composto por apresentações realizadas com o uso de novos recursos tecnológicos, pela fabricação de experimentos e a discussão de curiosidades relativas a esta área de conhecimento. Os experimentos foram construídos com material de baixo custo com o objetivo de permitir que os alunos envolvidos pudessem refazê-los em outras ocasiões. O material apresentado busca enfatizar a relação entre a astronomia e o cotidiano dos alunos. A inclusão da astronomia no ensino fundamental e uma forma de demonstrar aoestudante como esta área está presente de forma ativa em seu cotidiano. As turmas envolvidas no projeto participaram de uma pesquisa com o objetivo de obter dados relativos ao conhecimento prévio que possuíam sobre os tópicos de astronomia que foram considerados no decorrer do projeto. Com os experimentos

  19. Efficacy of an anal fistula plug for fistulas-in-Ano in children.

    PubMed

    Kouchi, Katsunori; Takenouchi, Ayao; Matsuoka, Aki; Yabe, Kiyoaki; Korai, Mashahiro; Nakata, Chikako

    2017-08-01

    In children, perianal abscesses have a good prognosis and often heal with age. However, some perianal abscesses are refractory to treatment and remain as fistulas-in-Ano. Treatment with a Surgisis Anal Fistula Plug® has been reported as a new method of treatment for fistulas. In adults, the plug has been reported to cause little pain and have a high cure rate, but there have been no reported cases of its use in children. This study was designed to analyze the efficacy of the plug for closure of refractory fistulas in children. Since the plug has not been approved as a medical device in Japan, application for its use was submitted to the ethics committee of our university, and approval was granted, marking the first use of the plug in Japan. We classified refractory fistulas as those treated for 6months or longer and remaining unhealed, even after 1year of age, despite continued conservative treatment. The plug was used in 11 refractory fistulas in 8 children. Eight of 11 fistulas (72.7%) were successfully treated. Three fistulas recurred, and fistulectomies were performed. No sequelae were observed after AFP treatment. The plug was effective even for closure of refractory fistulas without sequelae in children. Treatment Study, Level IV. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Effect of boric acid treatment on the secondary cycle at ANO-2. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Siegwarth, D.P.; McNea, D.A.; Sawochka, S.G.

    1985-11-01

    Because of the rapid progression of denting at the steam generator upper support plates at Arkansas Nuclear One-Unit 2 (ANO-2), Arkansas Power and Light (AP and L) implemented boric acid treatment during the third fuel cycle. Minimal effects of boric acid on secondary cycle ionic transport were observed; however, indications of accelerated corrosion of copper alloys in portions of the cycle were noted. Since the primary-to-secondary hydrogen diffusion rate data did not conform to the relation expected based on laboratory studies with Alloy 600, hydrogen transport data could not be employed to conclusively demonstrate the effect of boric acid on steam generator corrosion. Assuming that the basic form of the diffusion relation remained the same during operation with and without boric acid, a net increase in corrosion-generated hydrogen transport appeared to result from the adoption of boric acid treatment. This increase may be attributable to an increase in secondary cycle copper alloy corrosion rates, although additional measurements would be required to confirm this hypothesis.

  1. Sphincterotomy with radio frequency surgery: a new treatment technique of fissure in ano and associated pathologies.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Pravin J

    2003-03-01

    Anal fissures are dealt with using traditional approaches aiming at relieving the anal spasm and minimizing the anal sphincter pressure. Nevertheless, pathologies like sentinel tags, anal papillae, anal polyps, or small hemorrhoids which are often associated with chronic fissures are either considered innocuous, therefore left untreated, or are removed by conventional techniques. In this retrospective, non-randomized study, we performed lateral internal sphincterotomy, which was followed by radio frequency surgical procedures to eliminate the associated pathologies mentioned above. In all, 283 patients were studied. All the patients treated by the method of lateral subcutaneous internal sphincterotomy followed by radio frequency surgical procedure for aforesaid associated pathologies were made comfortable on account of the reduction in pain and irritation during defecation, the pricking or foreign body sensation in the anus and pruritus or wetness around the anal verge. A follow up after 18 months showed that only 7 % of patients had recurrence of symptoms or local signs. This combined approach has been found to be an effective, easy and quick way of treating chronic fissure in ano with associated pathologies

  2. A causa das estações do ano: modelos mentais

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Campos, J. A. S.; de Araujo, J. F. S.

    2003-08-01

    A década de 70 do século passado foi marcada pelo estudo das concepções alternativas que os alunos trazem para a sala de aula. A identificação destas concepções foi o ponto de partida para promover a mudança conceitual, onde as pré-concepções seriam trocadas pelas concepções científicas. Na década seguinte, surgiram muitas propostas de estratégias educacionais para facilitar esta troca, na sua maioria baseadas na idéia do conflito cognitivo, proposta por Piaget. Entretanto, os resultados pouco animadores conduziram à percepção de que a mudança conceitual é um processo mais complexo. Pelas idéias da Ciência Cognitiva, a mudança conceitual é uma mudança progressiva dos modelos mentais que o aluno tem sobre o mundo físico, através de enriquecimento e revisão. A causa das Estações do Ano é um tópico sobre o qual a maioria dos estudantes apresenta concepções alternativas. Os autores fizeram um levantamento sobre as pré-concepções encontradas em trabalhos sobre o tema (16 referências), procurando encontrar elementos comuns que indicassem a presença de modelos mentais específicos. As pré-concepções encontradas na literatura foram obtidas usando-se diversas metodologias (desde entrevistas clínicas até questionários de múltipla escolha) e envolvendo alunos e professores de diferentes regiões geográficas. A partir de uma análise aprofundada de cada trabalho, e utilizando-se a técnica das Redes Sistêmicas, chegou-se a conclusão que as diversas pré-concepções identificadas (em torno de 50), poderiam ser representadas por 6 modelos mentais, onde a explicação da causa das estações do ano tem um mecanismo causal responsável. Os mecanismos causais identificados foram: a dependência da distância, a dependência da orientação, a dependência conjunta da distância e orientação, a dependência da obstrução, a dependência da velocidade e a dependência da inclinação dos raios solares. Foram ainda identificadas

  3. Life Cycle Assessment of the MBT plant in Ano Liossia, Athens, Greece

    SciTech Connect

    Abeliotis, Konstadinos; Kalogeropoulos, Alexandros; Lasaridi, Katia

    2012-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the operation of an MBT plant in Greece based on LCA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We compare four different MBT operating scenarios (among them and with landfilling). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Even the current operation of the MBT plant is preferable to landfilling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Utilization of the MBT compost and metals generates the most environmental gains. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal exploitation of RDF improves further the environmental performance of the plant. - Abstract: The aim of this paper is the application of Life Cycle Assessment to the operation of the MBT facility of Ano Liossia in the region of Attica in Greece. The region of Attica is home to almost half the population of Greece and the management of its waste is a major issue. In order to explicitly analyze the operation of the MBT plant, five scenarios were generated. Actual operation data of the MBT plant for the year 2008 were provided by the region of Attica and the LCA modeling was performed via the SimaPro 5.1 software while impact assessment was performed utilizing the Eco-indicator'99 method. The results of our analysis indicate that even the current operation of the MBT plant is preferable to landfilling. Among the scenarios of MBT operation, the one with complete utilization of the MBT outputs, i.e. compost, RDF, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, is the one that generates the most environmental gains. Our analysis indicates that the exploitation of RDF via incineration is the key factor towards improving the environmental performance of the MBT plant. Our findings provide a quantitative understanding of the MBT plant. Interpretation of results showed that proper operation of the modern waste management systems can lead to substantial reduction of environmental impacts and savings of resources.

  4. ANO10 c.1150_1151del is a founder mutation causing autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia in Roma/Gypsies.

    PubMed

    Chamova, Teodora; Florez, Laura; Guergueltcheva, Velina; Raycheva, Margarita; Kaneva, Radka; Lochmüller, Hanns; Kalaydjieva, Luba; Tournev, Ivailo

    2012-05-01

    A recent report (Vermeer et al. in Am J Hum Genet 87:813-819, 2010) implicated for the first time the ANO10 gene in the genetic basis of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias. One of the three described families were Roma/Gypsies from Serbia, where the affected individuals were homozygous for the truncating p.Leu384fs mutation and displayed distinct phenotypic features (Vermeer et al. in Am J Hum Genet 87:813-819, 2010). Based on the history and population genetics of the Roma/Gypsies, we hypothesised that p.Leu384fs could be another founder mutation in this population, whose identification in a larger number of genetically homogeneous patients will contribute to defining the phenotypic spectrum of the disorder. Here, we describe additional patients from neighbouring Bulgaria, outlining invariable ANO10-ataxia features and confirming global intellectual decline as part of the phenotype resulting from complete Anactomin 10 deficit.

  5. Fistulotomy and sphincter reconstruction in the treatment of complex fistula-in-ano: long-term clinical and manometric results.

    PubMed

    Arroyo, Antonio; Pérez-Legaz, Juan; Moya, Pedro; Armañanzas, Laura; Lacueva, Javier; Pérez-Vicente, Francisco; Candela, Fernando; Calpena, Rafael

    2012-05-01

    To evaluate the long-term clinical and manometric results of fistulotomy and sphincter reconstruction for the treatment of complex fistula-in-ano. Complex fistula-in-ano is difficult to treat due to the occurrence of postoperative anal incontinence and the high rate of recurrence. Seventy patients who were diagnosed with complex fistula-in-ano and underwent fistulotomy and sphincter reconstruction between October 2000 and October 2006 were analyzed in the present study. Preoperative assessment included physical examination, anorectal manometry, and anal endosonography. Appointments were scheduled every 6 months during the first and second year of treatment and every 2 years thereafter. Recurrence and incontinence were evaluated during each visit. Continence was assessed according to the Wexner continence grading scale. Anal manometry was performed 3 and 12 months after treatment and every 2 years thereafter. Anal endosonography was conducted 6 months after treatment. Fistulas were classified as medium-high trans-sphincteric in 64 patients (91.42%) and were recurrent in 22 patients (32%). Before surgery, 22 patients (32%) reported fecal incontinence, which improved after surgery in 15 cases (70%), from 6.75 to 1.88 (P < 0.005) on the Wexner Scale. Eight preoperative continent patients (16.6%) reported postoperative incontinence (Wexner Score < 3), and 6 patients (8.5%) had recurrent incontinence. Among these patients, 2 developed recurrent incontinence 6 months after treatment, 2 developed recurrent incontinence 1 year after treatment, 1 developed recurrent incontinence 2 years after treatment, and 1 developed incontinence 5 years after treatment. Fistulotomy with sphincter reconstruction is an effective technique for the treatment of complex fistula-in-ano. Continence and anal manometry results were improved in incontinent patients and were not jeopardized in continent ones. Fistulotomy with sphincter reconstruction is an especially suitable technique for

  6. Quantification of landfill emissions to air: a case study of the Ano Liosia landfill site in the greater Athens area.

    PubMed

    Paraskaki, Ioanna; Lazaridis, Mihalis

    2005-06-01

    Fugitive pollutant emissions from municipal solid waste landfills have the potential to cause annoyance and health impacts in the surrounding residential areas. The overall objective of this research was to perform an assessment of fugitive pollutant emissions and a dispersion analysis downwind of a specific landfill site. The study was performed at the closed Ano Liosia landfill site which is located in the greater Athens area. The human exposure from priority to health-risk pollutants emitted from landfill, such as vinyl chloride and benzene, was estimated by the landfill gas emission LandGEM 2.01 software combined with the atmospheric long-term dispersion model ISC3-LT. The emission and meteorological conditions under which the models were applied referred to the worst-case scenario. This scenario was used for the evaluation of the maximum human exposure assessed beyond the Ano Liosia landfill towards the residential areas. The above scenario provides the minimum downwind distance of the health-risk zone which is calculated to be equal to 1.5 km from the landfill. Within this distance the assessed air pollutant concentration for several air pollutants was significantly above the World Health Organization reference lifetime exposure health criteria. Finally, the applied methodology was used in the Ano Liosia landfill, where atmospheric concentrations of pollutants measured in the field were compared with model predictions.

  7. [Analysis in pulmonary ventilatory function from 100 patients with ano-rectal diseases caused by deficiency of qi].

    PubMed

    Wang, W

    1999-03-01

    To explore the pathogenesis of ano-rectal diseases caused by deficiency of Qi, which is correlated with obstruction of pulmonary ventilation. The pulmonary ventilatory function was measured in 100 patients with the internal piles, the interno-external hemorrhoid and prolapse of rectum, the prolapse of anus was the principal symptom of them. Data from the 100 patients showed that 67% of them were diagnosed with the obstruction of pulmonary ventilation, the ratio was far less in the health control group. FEV 1.0 (mean +/- s) (2011.65 +/- 875) ml, MMF (1.84 +/- 1.24) L/s and PEF (2.34 +/- 1.51) L/s in male patients, (1551.54 +/- 514) ml, (1.57 +/- 0.62) L/s and (1.85 +/- 0.92) L/s in female patients, but those values were higher in the control than in the patients. The statistical analysis was performed and the difference was significant between patients and the control group (P < 0.01). The patients with ano-rectal diseases caused by deficiency of Qi accompanied with obstruction of pulmonary ventilation in different degree and varied sorts, it confirmed that the pathogenesis of ano-rectal diseases caused by deficiency of Qi is related with "sinking of pectoral Qi".

  8. A Japanese male with a novel ANO5 mutation with minimal muscle weakness and muscle pain till his late fifties.

    PubMed

    Kadoya, Masato; Ogata, Katsuhisa; Suzuki, Mikiya; Honma, Yutaka; Momma, Kazunari; Yatabe, Kana; Tamura, Takuhisa; Kaida, Kenichi; Miyata, Naomasa; Nishino, Ichizo; Nonaka, Ikuya; Kawai, Mitsuru

    2017-05-01

    Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2L (LGMD2L) is an adult-onset slowly progressive muscular dystrophy associated with anoctamin 5 (ANO5) gene mutation, mainly reported from Northern and Central Europe. We report the case of a Japanese male patient with a novel homozygous mutation of c.2394dup, p.Arg799Thrfs in ANO5 gene, the second patient in the Asian population. He had had marked elevation of creatine kinase (CK) level for more than 10 years with minimal muscular symptoms consisting of muscle stiffness and occasional cramps, preceding the onset of proximal limb weakness. Calf hypertrophy and selective fatty replacement of the adductor magnus and gastrocnemius muscles were prominent clinical and muscle imaging features. This case suggests that LGMD2L may affect a broader population than has been previously thought, physicians should consider the possibility of ANO5 mutation even in patients showing elevated CK level with no apparent muscle weakness but muscle stiffness or cramps. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Ano1 is a better marker than c-Kit for transcript analysis of single interstitial cells of Cajal in culture.

    PubMed

    Loera-Valencia, Raúl; Wang, Xuan-Yu; Wright, George W J; Barajas-López, Carlos; Huizinga, Jan D

    2014-12-01

    The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) drive the slow wave-associated contractions in the small intestine. A commonly used marker for these cells is c-Kit, but another marker named Ano1 was recently described. This study uses single-cell RT-PCR, qPCR and immunohistochemistry to determine if Ano1 could be reliably used as a molecular marker for ICC in single-cell mRNA analysis. Here, we report on the relationship between the expression of c-Kit and Ano1 in single ICC in culture. We observed that Ano1 is expressed in more than 60% of the collected cells, whereas c-Kit is found only in 22% of the cells (n = 18). When we stained ICC primary cultures for c-KIT and ANO1 protein, we found complete co-localization in all the preparations. We propose that this difference is due to the regulation of c-Kit mRNA in culture. This regulation gives rise to low levels of its transcript, while Ano1 is expressed more prominently in culture on day 4. We also propose that Ano1 is more suitable for single-cell expression analysis as a marker for cell identity than c-Kit at the mRNA level. We hope this evidence will help to validate and increase the success of future studies characterizing single ICC expression patterns.

  10. Activation of the Cl− Channel ANO1 by Localized Calcium Signals in Nociceptive Sensory Neurons Requires Coupling with the IP3 Receptor*

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Xin; Shah, Shihab; Liu, Yani; Zhang, Huiran; Lees, Meredith; Fu, Zhaojun; Lippiat, Jonathan D.; Beech, David J.; Sivaprasadarao, Asipu; Baldwin, Stephen A.; Zhang, Hailin; Gamper, Nikita

    2014-01-01

    We report that ANO1 (also known as TMEM16A) Ca2+-activated Cl− channels in small neurons from dorsal root ganglia are preferentially activated by particular pools of intracellular Ca2+. These ANO1 channels can be selectively activated by the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, but not by Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. This ability to discriminate between Ca2+ pools was achieved by the tethering of ANO1-containing plasma membrane domains, which also contained GPCRs such as bradykinin receptor-2 and protease-activated receptor-2, to juxtamembrane regions of the endoplasmic reticulum. Interaction of the C-terminus and the first intracellular loop of ANO1 with IP3R1 (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 1) contributed to the tethering. Disruption of membrane microdomains blocked the ANO1 and IP3R1 interaction and resulted in the loss of coupling between GPCR signaling and ANO1. The junctional signaling complex enabled ANO1-mediated excitation in response to specific Ca2+ signals rather than to global changes in intracellular Ca2+. PMID:23982204

  11. Local coupling of TRPC6 to ANO1/TMEM16A channels in smooth muscle cells amplifies vasoconstriction in cerebral arteries.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qian; Leo, M Dennis; Narayanan, Damodaran; Kuruvilla, Korah P; Jaggar, Jonathan H

    2016-06-01

    Anoctamin-1 [ANO1, also known as transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A)] is a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel expressed in arterial myocytes that regulates membrane potential and contractility. Signaling mechanisms that control ANO1 activity in arterial myocytes are poorly understood. In cerebral artery myocytes, ANO1 channels are activated by local Ca(2+) signals generated by plasma membrane nonselective cation channels, but the molecular identity of these proteins is unclear. Arterial myocytes express several different nonselective cation channels, including multiple members of the transient receptor potential receptor (TRP) family. The goal of this study was to identify localized ion channels that control ANO1 currents in cerebral artery myocytes. Coimmunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence resonance energy transfer microscopy experiments indicate that ANO1 and canonical TRP 6 (TRPC6) channels are present in the same macromolecular complex and localize in close spatial proximity in the myocyte plasma membrane. In contrast, ANO1 is not near TRPC3, TRP melastatin 4, or inositol trisphosphate receptor 1 channels. Hyp9, a selective TRPC6 channel activator, stimulated Cl(-) currents in myocytes that were blocked by T16Ainh-A01, an ANO1 inhibitor, ANO1 knockdown using siRNA, and equimolar replacement of intracellular EGTA with BAPTA, a fast Ca(2+) chelator that abolishes local Ca(2+) signaling. Hyp9 constricted pressurized cerebral arteries, and this response was attenuated by T16Ainh-A01. In contrast, T16Ainh-A01 did not alter depolarization-induced (60 mM K(+)) vasoconstriction. These data indicate that TRPC6 channels generate a local intracellular Ca(2+) signal that activates nearby ANO1 channels in myocytes to stimulate vasoconstriction. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

  12. PERFACT procedure to treat supralevator fistula-in-ano: A novel single stage sphincter sparing procedure

    PubMed Central

    Garg, Pankaj

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To prospectively perform the PERFACT procedure in supralevator anal fistula/abscess. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging was done preoperatively in all the patients. Proximal cauterization around the internal opening, emptying regularly of fistula tracts and curettage of tracts (PERFACT) was done in all patients with supralevator fistula or abscess. All types of anal fistula and/or abscess with supralevator extension, whether intersphincteric or transsphincteric, were included in the study. The internal opening along with the adjacent mucosa was electrocauterized. The resulting wound was left open to heal by secondary intention so as to heal (close) the internal opening by granulation tissue. The supralevator tract/abscess was drained and thoroughly curetted. It was regularly cleaned and kept empty in the postoperative period. The primary outcome parameter was complete fistula healing. The secondary outcome parameters were return to work and change in incontinence scores (Vaizey objective scoring system) assessed preoperatively and at 3 mo after surgery. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were prospectively enrolled and followed for a median of 13 mo (range 5-21 mo). Mean age was 41.1 ± 13.4 years, M:F - 15:2. Fourteen (82.4%) had a recurrent fistula, 8 (47.1%) had an associated abscess, 14 (82.4%) had multiple tracts and 5 (29.4%) had horseshoe fistulae. Infralevator part of fistula was intersphincteric in 4 and transsphincteric in 13 patients. Two patients were excluded. Eleven out of fifteen (73.3%) were cured and 26.7% (4/15) had a recurrence. Two patients with recurrence were reoperated on with the same procedure and one was cured. Thus, the overall healing rate was 80% (12/15). All the patients could resume normal work within 48 h of surgery. There was no deterioration in incontinence scores (Vaizey objective scoring system). This is the largest series of supralevator fistula-in-ano (SLF) published to date. CONCLUSION: PERFACT procedure is an effective single

  13. [Applicability and indications of colonoscopic screening for Crohn's disease in patients with fistula-in-ano].

    PubMed

    Chen, Xi; He, Xiaosheng; Zou, Yifeng; Lan, Ping

    2016-09-25

    To determine the indications of colonoscopic screening for Crohn's disease in patients with fistula-in-ano. Clinical data of 302 patients with perianal fistula who received colonoscopy examination from January 2010 to December 2013 in the Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University were analyzed retrospectively. Parameters for differentiating perianal Crohn's disease from nonspecific fistulae were screened by logistic regression analysis. A regression mathematical model was established for the prediction of perianal Crohn's disease. A total of 302 patients received colonoscopy examination, and Crohn's disease was found in 16 patients (CD group). Results of univariate analysis on 26 parameters of clinical manifestation, laboratory and radiological examination revealed that differences in 11 clinical parameters between the CD group and non-CD group were statistically significant(all P<0.05), including age, BMI, abdominal pain, non-specific symptoms, multiple fistula, complex anal fistula, neutrophil count, platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time, hemoglobin concentration and serum albumin concentration. Multivariate analysis revealed that age≤40 years (OR=14.464, 95% CI: 1.143-183.053, P=0.039), BMI<24.0 kg/m(2) (OR=8.220, 95% CI:1.005-67.200, P=0.049), abdominal pain (OR=13.148, 95% CI: 1.110-155.774, P=0.041), complex anal fistula (OR=7.056, 95% CI:1.166-42.688, P=0.033) and elevated platelet count (OR=1.012, 95% CI: 1.004-1.0194, P=0.003) were independent risk factors for discovery of Crohn's disease by colonoscopy. Area under the ROC curve of the regression mathematical model based on factors mentioned above was 0.921, indicating that the model was highly predictive. The sensitivity and specificity of this model was 81.3% and 86.7% respectively when the optimal diagnostic cut-off point was established at 0.856. Parameters that predict Crohn's disease in patients with perianal fistula include age, BMI

  14. Fistulectomy versus fistulotomy with marsupialisation in the treatment of low fistula-in- ano: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Chalya, Phillipo L; Mabula, Joseph B

    2013-07-01

    Low fistula-in-ano has traditionally been treated with fistulectomy and fistulotomy. Recent studies have shown that marsupialisation of the fistulotomy wounds can reduce the healing time. A randomized clinical trial was conducted at Bugando Medical Centre in north-western Tanzania between January 2008 and December 2012 to compare the efficacy of fistulectomy versus fistulotomy with marsupialisation in the treatment of low fistula in ano. Patients were randomized into two groups, namely Group A (fistulectomy) and Group B (fistulotomy with marsupialisation). A total of 162 patients were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to Group A (n = 82) and Group B (n = 80). Both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex ratio, duration of symptoms, type of fistula and radial distance of the external opening from the anal verge. The mean healing time was statistically significantly longer in group A than in group B (P = 0.002). The duration of postoperative wound discharge was statistically significantly shorter in group B than in group A (P = 0.012). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean operating time, mean operation wound size, mean postoperative pain score, rate of surgical site infection and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups (P > 0.05). None of the patients in either group had recurrence or was found to have anal incontinence. No differences in the extent of adverse effects of surgery on the physical, social and sexual lives of the patients in the two groups. We conclude that in comparison to a fistulectomy, a fistulotomy with marsupialisation results in faster wound healing and a shorter duration of wound discharge and should therefore be recommended as a standard surgical procedure in the treatment of low fistula-in-ano.

  15. Treatment of fistula-in-ano with cyanoacrylate glue with and without prior seton placement in rats.

    PubMed

    Romero, Gustavo Tominaga; Santos, Carlos Henrique Marques Dos; Cassino, Pedro Carvalho; Odashiro, Maçanori; Seno, Gisele Zocoller; Aléssio, Gabriela Flávia

    2016-06-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of ethyl-cyanoacrylate in the treatment of fístula-in-ano in rats with and without prior seton placement. Thirty rats Wistar with fístula-in-ano produced surgically, distributed in three groups: group A (ethyl-cyanoacrylate) - treated by application of ethyl-cyanoacrylate into fístula tract; group B (seton + ethyl-cyanoacrylate) - seton placement followed by application of ethyl-cyanoacrylate into fístula tract, 30 days later; group C (control) - no treatment. After 60 days the animals were submited to euthanasia and the specimens were analyzed by pathologist. The results were analyzed by Chi-square test with significant value of p<0.05. One animal of group B died. Were found tracts fully healed: 7, 5 and 2, in groups A, B and C, respectivelly. There was a statistically significant difference between groups A and C (p=0.02). When joined all animals treated with glue (A + B) compared to group C there was also statistically significant difference (p=0.02). The use of ethyl-cyanoacrylate glue was effective in closing anal fistulae in rats. There was no advantage in the prior application of seton.

  16. Length of follow-up after fistulotomy and fistulectomy associated with endorectal advancement flap repair for fistula in ano.

    PubMed

    Ortiz, H; Marzo, M; de Miguel, M; Ciga, M A; Oteiza, F; Armendariz, P

    2008-04-01

    The length of follow-up required after surgical repair of cryptoglandular fistula in ano has not been established. This prospective study determined the follow-up time needed to establish that an anal fistula has been cured after elective fistulotomy or fistulectomy associated with endorectal advancement flap (ERAF) repair. Between January 2001 and June 2004, consecutive patients with anal fistula of cryptoglandular aetiology were included provided that they lived within the catchment area of the hospital and agreed to participate in a follow-up programme, which comprised scheduled visits every month until complete wound healing and annually thereafter. Some 206 of 219 eligible patients were evaluable; fistulotomy was performed in 115 and ERAF repair in 91. Median follow-up was 42 (range 24-65) months. Eighteen patients had recurrence of the fistula during follow-up, with a median time to relapse of 5.0 (range 1.0-11.7) months. There were no recurrences after 1 year. Recurrence of fistula in ano of cryptoglandular origin treated by means of fistulotomy or ERAF repair occurs within the first year of operation. 2007 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Analysing the primacy of distance in the utilization of health services in the Ahafo-Ano South district, Ghana.

    PubMed

    Buor, Daniel

    2003-01-01

    Although the distance factor has been identified as key in the utilization of health services in rural areas of developing countries, it has been analysed without recourse to related factors of travel time and transport cost. Also, the influence of distance on vulnerable groups in utilization has not been an object of survey by researchers. This paper addresses the impact of distance on utilization, and how distance compares with travel time and transport cost that are related to it in the utilization of health services in the Ahafo-Ano South (rural) district in Ghana. The study, a cross-sectional survey, also identifies the position of distance among other important factors of utilization. A sample of 400, drawn through systematic random technique, was used for the survey. Data were analysed using the regression model and some graphic techniques. The main instruments used in data collection were formal (face-by-face) interview and a questionnaire. The survey finds that distance is the most important factor that influences the utilization of health services in the Ahafo-Ano South district. Other key factors are income, service cost and education. The effect of travel time on utilization reflects that of distance and utilization. Recommendations to reduce distance coverage, improve formal education and reduce poverty have been made.

  18. Inhibition of cell proliferation by a selective inhibitor of the Ca{sup 2+}-activated Cl{sup -} channel, Ano1

    SciTech Connect

    Mazzone, Amelia; Eisenman, Seth T.; Strege, Peter R.; Yao, Zhen; Ordog, Tamas; Gibbons, Simon J.; Farrugia, Gianrico

    2012-10-19

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer T16A{sub inh}-A01 blocked Ano1 currents in HEK cells expressing Ano1. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer T16A{sub inh}-A01 reduced proliferation in ICC primary cultures and CFPAC-1 cell line. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer T16A{sub inh}-A01 reduced proliferation of ICC in intact smooth muscle strips. -- Abstract: Background: Ion channels play important roles in regulation of cellular proliferation. Ano1 (TMEM16A) is a Ca{sup 2+}-activated Cl{sup -} channel expressed in several tumors and cell types. In the muscle layers of the gastrointestinal tract Ano1 is selectively expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and appears to be required for normal gastrointestinal slow wave electrical activity. However, Ano1 is expressed in all classes of ICC, including those that do not generate slow waves suggesting that Ano1 may have other functions. Indeed, a role for Ano1 in regulating proliferation of tumors and ICC has been recently suggested. Recently, a high-throughput screen identified a small molecule, T16A{sub inh}-A01 as a specific inhibitor of Ano1. Aim: To investigate the effect of the T16A{sub inh}-A01 inhibitor on proliferation in ICC and in the Ano1-expressing human pancreatic cancer cell line CFPAC-1. Methods: Inhibition of Ano1 was demonstrated by whole cell voltage clamp recordings of currents in cells transfected with full-length human Ano1. The effect of T16A{sub inh}-A01 on ICC proliferation was examined in situ in organotypic cultures of intact mouse small intestinal smooth muscle strips and in primary cell cultures prepared from these tissues. ICC were identified by Kit immunoreactivity. Proliferating ICC and CFPAC-1 cells were identified by immunoreactivity for the nuclear antigen Ki67 or EdU incorporation, respectively. Results: T16A{sub inh}-A01 inhibited Ca{sup 2+}-activated Cl{sup -} currents by 60% at 10 {mu}M in a voltage-independent fashion. Proliferation of ICC was significantly reduced in primary cultures

  19. Meta-Analyses of Microarray Datasets Identifies ANO1 and FADD as Prognostic Markers of Head and Neck Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Reddy, Ram Bhupal; Bhat, Anupama Rajan; James, Bonney Lee; Govindan, Sindhu Valiyaveedan; Mathew, Rohit; DR, Ravindra; Hedne, Naveen; Illiayaraja, Jeyaram; Kekatpure, Vikram; Khora, Samanta S.; Hicks, Wesley; Tata, Pramila; Kuriakose, Moni A.; Suresh, Amritha

    2016-01-01

    The head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) transcriptome has been profiled extensively, nevertheless, identifying biomarkers that are clinically relevant and thereby with translational benefit, has been a major challenge. The objective of this study was to use a meta-analysis based approach to catalog candidate biomarkers with high potential for clinical application in HNSCC. Data from publically available microarray series (N = 20) profiled using Agilent (4X44K G4112F) and Affymetrix (HGU133A, U133A_2, U133Plus 2) platforms was downloaded and analyzed in a platform/chip-specific manner (GeneSpring software v12.5, Agilent, USA). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and clustering analysis was carried out iteratively for segregating outliers; 140 normal and 277 tumor samples from 15 series were included in the final analysis. The analyses identified 181 differentially expressed, concordant and statistically significant genes; STRING analysis revealed interactions between 122 of them, with two major gene clusters connected by multiple nodes (MYC, FOS and HSPA4). Validation in the HNSCC-specific database (N = 528) in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) identified a panel (ECT2, ANO1, TP63, FADD, EXT1, NCBP2) that was altered in 30% of the samples. Validation in treatment naïve (Group I; N = 12) and post treatment (Group II; N = 12) patients identified 8 genes significantly associated with the disease (Area under curve>0.6). Correlation with recurrence/re-recurrence showed ANO1 had highest efficacy (sensitivity: 0.8, specificity: 0.6) to predict failure in Group I. UBE2V2, PLAC8, FADD and TTK showed high sensitivity (1.00) in Group I while UBE2V2 and CRYM were highly sensitive (>0.8) in predicting re-recurrence in Group II. Further, TCGA analysis showed that ANO1 and FADD, located at 11q13, were co-expressed at transcript level and significantly associated with overall and disease-free survival (p<0.05). The meta-analysis approach adopted in this study has identified

  20. Natural Treatments for Fissure in Ano Used by Traditional Persian Scholars, Razi (Rhazes) and Ibn Sina (Avicenna).

    PubMed

    Derakhshan, Ali Reza

    2016-06-08

    Most cases of chronic fissure do not respond to medical treatment. Razi and Ibn Sina were 2 of the best-known scientists of ancient Persia. The purpose of this study was to find out new scientific evidence in modern medicine about their recommendations, in order to find certain clues to conduct useful researches in the future. First, treatments of anal fissure mentioned by Razi and Ibn Sina were reviewed. Then, literature search was made in electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. Management of anal fissure according to Razi's and Ibn Sina's practices is done based on 3 interventions: lifestyle modifications, drug treatments, and manual procedures. Almost all remedies suggested by Razi and Ibn Sina have shown their effects on fissure in ano via several mechanisms of action in many in vitro and in vivo studies; Still there is lack of human studies on the subject.

  1. Electronic structure and spectroscopic properties of mixed sodium actinide oxides Na2AnO4 (An = U, Np, Pu, Am)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovács, Attila

    2017-03-01

    Multireference relativistic post-HF and DFT calculations have been performed on four Na2AnO4 (An = U, Np, Pu, Am) molecules. Beyond the electronic characteristics of the ground and excited electronic states, the molecular geometries and vibrational frequencies have been determined.

  2. AB310. SPR-37 Cholinergic excitatory motor responses in the colon are mediated through the calcium-activated chloride conductance Ano1

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Sung Jin; Blair, Peter J.; Rock, Jason; Pardo, David; Sanders, Kenton M.; Ward, Sean M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective There is a growing body of evidence that gastrointestinal smooth muscle excitability is regulated by several different classes of interstitial cells [interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and PDGFRα(+) cells] that are electrically coupled to SMC. Thus, ‘myogenic’ activity results from the integrated behavior of the SMC/ICC/PDGFRα(+) cell (SIP) syncytium. Inputs from excitatory and inhibitory motor neurons are required to produce the complex motor patterns of the gut and coordinate GI motility. Motor neurons innervate these three cell types in the SIP syncytium, and receptors, second messenger pathways, and ion channels in these cells mediate postjunctional responses. Cholinergic neurotransmission in GI muscles from several species has long been thought to be dependent upon activation of a non-selective cation conductance in smooth muscle cells and the molecular candidates for mediating cholinergic excitation have been reported to be the transient receptor protein channels Trpc4 and Trpc6. However, we have shown that cholinergic responses in the GI tract involve ICC and in their absence these motor responses are greatly diminished or absent. We sought to determine the conductance(s) responsible for cholinergic motor responses in the colon. Methods Cre-LoxP recombinase technology was utilized to determine the role of the calcium-activated chloride conductance, Ano1 in post-junctional motor responses in the mouse colon in a cell-specific manner (Kit+ ICC). c-KitCreERT2/+ (Kit-Cre) mice and Ano f/f mice were crossed to generate c-KitCreERT2/+; Ano1f/f (mutants) and c-KitCreERT2/+; Ano1f/+ (controls) animals that were subsequently treated with tamoxifen to induce Cre recombinase expression in ICC. Confocal microscopy was used to determine the cell type Cre expression was switched on. Intracellular microelectrode recordings were performed to determine changes in post-junctional neural responses to nerve stimulation in c-KitCreERT2/+ (Kit-Cre) mice and Anof

  3. Estrogens Exacerbate Nociceptive Pain via Up-Regulation of TRPV1 and ANO1 in Trigeminal Primary Neurons of Female Rats.

    PubMed

    Yamagata, Kazuaki; Sugimura, Mitsutaka; Yoshida, Miki; Sekine, Shinichi; Kawano, Akiyo; Oyamaguchi, Aiko; Maegawa, Hiroharu; Niwa, Hitoshi

    2016-11-01

    Several trigeminal pain disorders show sex differences, and high levels of estrogens may underlie these differences. The interaction between transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and anoctamin 1 (ANO1) plays an important role in peripheral nociception. However, whether TRPV1 and ANO1 are involved in estrogen-modulated trigeminal pain sensitivity is unclear. In this study, we examined estradiol (E2) modulation of nociception through behavioral and immunohistological experiments after application of capsaicin (Cap), a selective TRPV1 agonist, onto the ocular surface in ovariectomized rats treated with high-dose E2 (HE) or low-dose E2 (LE) for 2 days. In addition, we used real-time PCR to study the effects of E2 on the expression levels of TRPV1 and ANO1 mRNA in trigeminal ganglia. In the behavioral experiment, the HE group showed significant potentiation of Cap-evoked nocifensive behavior compared with the LE group. Immunohistochemistry showed that Cap evoked a significantly greater number of cells that were immunoreactive for c-Fos, a marker of nociceptive activation, in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis/upper cervical cord in the HE group than in the LE group. The number of c-Fos-immunoreactive cells in the ventral trigeminal interpolaris/caudalis were similar in the 2 groups. Real-time PCR showed that the levels of TRPV1 and ANO1 mRNA in the HE group were significantly higher than levels in the LE group. Thus, high levels of estrogens may be a risk factor for Cap-evoked nociceptive pain, and estrogen-dependent increases in TRPV1 and ANO1 are likely involved in modulating the nociceptive response in the trigeminal area.

  4. Revisiting an ancient treatment for transphincteric fistula-in-ano ‘There is nothing new under the sun’ Ecclesiastes 1v9

    PubMed Central

    Sturgeon, G; Hargest, R

    2015-01-01

    Objective The history of treatments for fistula-in-ano can be traced back to ancient times. Current treatment of transphincteric fistulae is controversial, with many options available. We reviewed the history of treatment using cutting setons and present our series of transphincteric fistulae in the light of the series in the literature. Design Literature review and case series. Setting Hospital based coloproctology service Participants 140 consecutive patients presenting with fistula-in-ano were included. Main Outcome Measures The literature pertaining to treatment of transphincteric fistula was reviewed, along with the outcome of various treatment methods for this condition. Data were collected for 140 consecutive patients presenting with fistula- in-ano were assessed for fistula healing, recurrence and complications. Results A total of 140 consecutive patients with fistula-in-ano were identified, of which 111 were cryptoglandular (79.3%). Eighty-one of these 111 were transphincteric (73.0%). At a median follow-up of 35 months (range, 2–83 months), 70 transphincteric fistulae had healed (86.4%), 10 were still undergoing treatment (12.3%) and one patient was lost to follow-up prior to treatment (1.2%). Two patients in this group required a stoma (2.5%), six patients developed recurrence (7.4%); three ‘true’ recurrences (3.7%). One (1.2%) developed a chronic fissure. There were no reported cases of incontinence. Conclusions The management of transphincteric fistula-in-ano is complex and controversial, for which no clear surgical procedure has gained acceptance as the gold standard. This study demonstrates that transphincteric fistulae can be successfully treated using cutting setons. A high healing rate (86.4%), low recurrence rate (7.4%) and a low complication rate (3.7%) are shown, which compares favourably with published rates over a long follow-up. PMID:26152674

  5. A comparative clinical study of Snuhi Ksheera Sutra, Tilanala Kshara Sutra and Apamarga Kshara Sutra in Bhagandara (Fistula in Ano)

    PubMed Central

    Lobo, Supreeth Joyal; Bhuyan, C.; Gupta, S. K.; Dudhamal, T. S.

    2012-01-01

    Bhagandara (Fistula in Ano) at modern parlance is a common anorectal condition prevalent in the populations worldwide and its prevalence is second highest after Arsha (hemorrhoids). Kshara Sutra (K.S.) is one of the chief modality in the treatment of Bhagandara in Ayurvedic science. Exploration of the new plants for the preparation of Kshara as a better substitute to Apamarga Kshara is the need of the hour. To find out an effective alternative to Apamarga K.S. in view of easy processing, a Snuhi Ksheera Sutra without any Kshara and the Tilanala K.S. were opted for their clinical evaluation. Total 33 cases of Bhagandara were divided randomly into 3 groups, having 11 patients in each group. In Group A, Snuhi Ksheera Sutra; in Group B, Tilanala K.S. and in Group C, Apamarga K.S. were used. Assessment was done on objective (Unit Cutting Time - UCT) and subjective parameters. Statistically insignificant difference was observed in the efficacy of treatment by subjective parameters like pain, discharge, etc. between the three groups. It was found that Tilanala K.S. showed higher UCT (9.76 days) while lower in Snuhi Ksheera Sutra (7.42 days) as compared to Apamarga K.S. (8.82 days). Thus Tilanala K.S. can be used as a substitute for Apamarga K.S. and Snuhi Ksheera Sutra can be employed in the recurrent fibrosed cases of Bhagandara. PMID:23049190

  6. MicroRNA-9 downregulates the ANO1 chloride channel and contributes to cystic fibrosis lung pathology.

    PubMed

    Sonneville, Florence; Ruffin, Manon; Coraux, Christelle; Rousselet, Nathalie; Le Rouzic, Philippe; Blouquit-Laye, Sabine; Corvol, Harriet; Tabary, Olivier

    2017-09-27

    Cystic fibrosis results from reduced cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein activity leading to defective epithelial ion transport. Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels mediate physiological functions independently of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1/TMEM16A) was identified as the major Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel in airway epithelial cells, and we recently demonstrated that downregulation of the anoctamin 1 channel in cystic fibrosis patients contributes to disease severity via an unknown mechanism. Here we show that microRNA-9 (miR-9) contributes to cystic fibrosis and downregulates anoctamin 1 by directly targeting its 3'UTR. We present a potential therapy based on blockage of miR-9 binding to the 3'UTR by using a microRNA target site blocker to increase anoctamin 1 activity and thus compensate for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator deficiency. The target site blocker is tested in in vitro and in mouse models of cystic fibrosis, and could be considered as an alternative strategy to treat cystic fibrosis.Downregulation of the anoctamin 1 calcium channel in airway epithelial cells contributes to pathology in cystic fibrosis. Here the authors show that microRNA-9 targets anoctamin 1 and that inhibiting this interaction improves mucus dynamics in mouse models.

  7. Comparing existing classifications of fistula-in-ano in 440 operated patients: Is it time for a new classification? A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Garg, Pankaj

    2017-06-01

    Fistula-in-ano are classified so as to grade them according to increasing complexity which can help guide their management. The classifications used are Parks, St James Hospital University (SJHU) and Standard Practice Task Force (SPTF). Laying open (fistulotomy) of the fistula tract is the most commonly done procedure for fistula-in-ano and has high success rate. The lower grade fistulas are supposed to have low risk of incontinence when laid open and vice-versa. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the existing classifications. 440 consecutive fistula-in-ano patients operated over four years were analyzed on the basis of preoperative MRI scan and operative findings. It was assessed whether the amenability to fistulotomy (measurement of fistula simplicity) correlated with the fistula-in-ano grades in different classifications. Out of 440 patients operated, 242 underwent fistulotomy whereas 198 underwent sphincter-sparing procedures for complex fistula. As per SJHU classification, the amenability to fistulotomy was 99.1% in Grade-I, 82.1% in Grade-II, 46.2% in Grade-III, 29.0% in Grade-IV and 5.4% in Grade-V. In Park's classification, the amenability to fistulotomy was 93.5% in Grade-I, 34.8% in Grade-II, 5.4% in Grade-III and 0% in Grade-IV. As per SPTF classification, 99.3% of simple and 32.1% of complex fistulas underwent fistulotomy. Even the higher grade fistula-in-ano in all three classifications had high rate of amenability to fistulotomy. Therefore none of the above classifications were accurate. A new classification is being proposed which divides fistula-in-ano in 5 grades in order of increasing complexity. Grade I & II are simple fistulas (fistulotomy be done conveniently) and Grade III-V are high complex fistulas (fistulotomy should not be attempted). The data was analyzed as per new classification and found it to be highly accurate. None of the existing classifications accurately correlated between the grade and the complexity of

  8. Anal fistula plug vs mucosa advancement flap in complex fistula-in-ano: A meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Leng, Qiang; Jin, Hei-Ying

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the efficacy of the anal fistula plug (AFP) compared to the mucosa advancement flap (MAF), considered the best procedure for patients with a complex anal fistula. METHODS: The literature search included PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and OVID original studies on the topic of AFP compared to MAF for complex fistula-in-ano that had a deadline for publication by April 2011. Randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and prospective cohort studies were included in the review. After information collection, a meta-analysis was performed using data on overall success rates as well as incidence of incontinence and morbidity. The quality of postoperative life was also included with the clinical results. RESULTS: Six studies involving 408 patients (AFP = 167, MAF = 241) were included in the meta-analysis. The differences in the overall success rates and incidence of fistula recurrence were not statistically significant between the AFP and MAF [risk difference (RD) = -0.12, 95%CI: -0.39 - 0.14; RD = 0.13; 95%CI: -0.18 - 0.43, respectively]. However, for the AFP, the risk of postoperative impaired continence was lower (RD = -0.08, 95%CI: -0.15 - -0.02) as was the incidence of other complications (RD = -0.06, 95%CI: -0.11 - -0.00). The postoperative quality of life, for patients treated using the AFP was superior to that of the MAF patients. Patients treated with the AFP had less persistent pain of a shorter duration and the healing time of the fistula and hospital stay were also reduced. CONCLUSION: The AFP is an effective procedure for patients with a complex anal fistula; it has the same success rate but a lower risk of complications than the MAF and may also be associated with an improved postoperative quality of life. Additional evidence is needed to confirm these findings. PMID:23494149

  9. Unraveling the Mysteries of Océano Profundo: New organisms, ecosystems and geohazards in deep water around Puerto Rico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cantwell, K. L.; Kennedy, B. R.; Quattrini, A.; Cheadle, M. J.; Sowers, D.; Lobecker, E.; Ford, M.; Garcia-Moliner, G.; Gray, L. M.; Chaytor, J. D.; Demopoulos, A. W.

    2016-02-01

    From February to April 2015, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer, America's Ship for Ocean Exploration, surveyed unknown deep-sea ecosystems and potential geohazards off the coast of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. Over 37,500 km² of high-resolution multibeam sonar data was collected, revealing rugged canyons along shelf breaks, intricate incised channels, and large slumps and slope failures. Twelve remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dives, surveyed seamounts, escarpments, and submarine canyons at depths of 300-6,000 m. Additional ROV exploration of the water column occurred at depths of 800-1200 m. Dives included three of the deepest dives ever conducted in the Puerto Rico Trench and the first exploration of Exocet and Whiting seamounts. Discoveries included assemblages of deep-sea corals (>50 species), and observations of several rare and new species. For example, the seastar Laetmaster spectabilis had not been documented since its original description in 1881 and a new species of benthopelagic cydippid ctenophore was observed at 3900 m in the Aricebo Amphitheater. Other expedition highlights included two rarely observed blind octopods (Cirrothauma murrayi); novel observation of a symbiotic association between predatory tunicates with polychaete associates; and approximately 75 species of demersal fishes, including a new species of wrasse and the first records of Shaefer's anglerfish and the ateleopodid jellynose in Puerto Rican waters. ROV dives traversed elements of the complete geological succession from 1 km deep into the Cretaceous volcanic arc basement, across the carbonate platform sequence unconformity and into the uppermost Pliocene carbonates. Highlights included spectacular slope failure headwall scarps and sub-aerial karstic weathering of the youngest carbonates. All data collected during Océano Profundo 2015 are now publicly available through the National Archives and are awaiting further analysis by the scientific community.

  10. Treatment of transsphincteric fistula-in-ano with growth factors from autologous platelets: results of a phase II clinical trial.

    PubMed

    de la Portilla, F; Segura-Sampedro, J J; Reyes-Díaz, M L; Maestre, M V; Cabrera, A M; Jimenez-Rodríguez, R M; Vázquez-Monchul, J M; Diaz-Pavón, J M; Padillo-Ruiz, F J

    2017-07-29

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate to the safety, feasibility and efficacy of a novel treatment for transsphincteric cryptoglandular fistula: injection of autologous plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) into the fistula tract accompanied by sealing using a fibrin plug created from the activated platelet-poor fraction of the same plasma. This article is a prospective, phase II clinical trial. The procedure was externally audited. Thirty-six patients diagnosed with transsphincteric fistula-in-ano were included. All patients underwent follow-up examinations at 1 week and again at 3, 6 and 12 months after discharge. Main outcome measures safety (number of adverse events), feasibility and effectiveness of the treatment. A total of 36 patients received the study treatment, with the procedure found to be feasible in all patients. A total of seven adverse events (AE) related to the injected product or surgical procedure were identified in 4 of 36 patients. At the end of the follow-up period (12 months), 33.3% of patients (12/36) had achieved complete fistula healing and 11.1% of patients (4/36) had achieved partial healing. In total, this amounted to 44.4% of patients (16/36) being asymptomatic at final follow-up. In successfully healed patients, a gradual reduction in pain was observed, as measured using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) (p = 0.0278). Compared to baseline, a significant improvement in Wexner score was seen in patients achieving total or partial healing of the fistula (p = 0.0195). The study treatment was safe and feasible, with apparently modest efficacy rates. Continence and pain improvement following treatment may be considered predictive factors for healing.

  11. X-ray sterilization of the An. arabiensis genetic sexing strain 'ANO IPCL1' at pupal and adult stages.

    PubMed

    Ndo, C; Yamada, H; Damiens, D D; N'do, S; Seballos, G; Gilles, J R L

    2014-03-01

    With a view to area wide integrated pest management programs with a sterile insect technique (SIT) component against the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis, the effects of X-ray exposure of males of the genetic sexing strain (GSS) of An. arabiensis, "ANO IPCL1" have been tested. The suitability of X-ray was assessed in comparison to gamma-ray for mosquito sterilization in operational settings where the acquisition of gamma ray irradiators may be problematic. Pupae and adult males were sterilized using X-ray irradiation at 5 increasing doses and effects were observed in terms of fecundity and fertility. Irradiated pupae and adults were further observed for effects on longevity. The adult stage appeared to be more sensitive to radiation exposure than the pupal stage, with a residual fertility of 1% in adults irradiated at 75Gy and 0% at 105Gy, compared to 8%at 75Gy and 4% at 105Gy in adults irradiated at the pupal stage. All treatment groups except those irradiated at 60Gy were statistically different from the control groups in terms of adult longevity post treatment, however overall survival was not highly compromised in the 75Gy treatment group which showed 96% of induced sterility. To ensure the fine balance between the induced sterility and the fitness of the insect produced is achieved, irradiation of adults at this dose may be a good compromise for the SIT as applied for this species, especially in specific cases such as sterilization after female elimination by spiking blood meals. Investigation into the combined effects of blood spiking and irradiation at the adult stage and additional competitiveness studies both in laboratory and field cages will provide more insight into the radiation dose and mosquito stage to be used in the frame of future SIT programs targeting this important malaria vector.

  12. Microscopic theory of the insulating electronic ground states of the actinide dioxides AnO2 (An = U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, M.-T.; Magnani, N.; Oppeneer, P. M.

    2013-11-01

    The electronic states of the actinide dioxides AnO2 (with An = U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm) are investigated employing first-principles calculations within the framework of the local density approximation +U (LDA+U) approach, implemented in a full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave scheme. A systematic analysis of the An-5f states is performed which provides intuitive connections between the electronic structures and the local crystalline fields of the f states in the AnO2 series. Particularly the mechanisms leading to the experimentally observed insulating ground states are investigated. These are found to be caused by the strong spin-orbit and Coulomb interactions of the 5f orbitals; however, as a result of the different configurations, this mechanism works in distinctly different ways for each of the AnO2 compounds. In agreement with experimental observations, the nonmagnetic states of plutonium and curium dioxide are computed to be insulating, whereas those of uranium, neptunium, and americium dioxides require additional symmetry breaking to reproduce the insulator ground states, a condition which is met with magnetic phase transitions. We show that the occupancy of the An-f orbitals is closely connected to each of the appearing insulating mechanisms. We furthermore investigate the detailed constitution of the noncollinear multipolar moments for transverse 3q magnetic ordered states in UO2 and longitudinal 3q high-rank multipolar ordered states in NpO2 and AmO2.

  13. Voltage- and calcium-dependent gating of TMEM16A/Ano1 chloride channels are physically coupled by the first intracellular loop

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Qinghuan; Yu, Kuai; Perez-Cornejo, Patricia; Cui, Yuanyuan; Arreola, Jorge; Hartzell, H. Criss

    2011-01-01

    Ca2+-activated Cl− channels (CaCCs) are exceptionally well adapted to subserve diverse physiological roles, from epithelial fluid transport to sensory transduction, because their gating is cooperatively controlled by the interplay between ionotropic and metabotropic signals. A molecular understanding of the dual regulation of CaCCs by voltage and Ca2+ has recently become possible with the discovery that Ano1 (TMEM16a) is an essential subunit of CaCCs. Ano1 can be gated by Ca2+ or by voltage in the absence of Ca2+, but Ca2+- and voltage-dependent gating are very closely coupled. Here we identify a region in the first intracellular loop that is crucial for both Ca2+ and voltage sensing. Deleting 448EAVK in the first intracellular loop dramatically decreases apparent Ca2+ affinity. In contrast, mutating the adjacent amino acids 444EEEE abolishes intrinsic voltage dependence without altering the apparent Ca2+affinity. Voltage-dependent gating of Ano1 measured in the presence of intracellular Ca2+ was facilitated by anions with high permeability or by an increase in [Cl−]e. Our data show that the transition between closed and open states is governed by Ca2+ in a voltage-dependent manner and suggest that anions allosterically modulate Ca2+-binding affinity. This mechanism provides a unified explanation of CaCC channel gating by voltage and ligand that has long been enigmatic. PMID:21555582

  14. A novel ANO3 variant identified in a 53-year-old woman presenting with hyperkinetic dysarthria, blepharospasm, hyperkinesias, and complex motor tics.

    PubMed

    Blackburn, Patrick R; Zimmermann, Michael T; Gass, Jennifer M; Harris, Kimberly G; Cousin, Margot A; Boczek, Nicole J; Ross, Owen A; Klee, Eric W; Brazis, Paul W; Van Gerpen, Jay A; Atwal, Paldeep S

    2016-12-05

    Cervical dystonias have a variable presentation and underlying etiology, but collectively represent the most common form of focal dystonia. There are a number of known genetic forms of dystonia (DYT1-27); however the heterogeneity of disease presentation does not always make it easy to categorize the disease by phenotype-genotype comparison. In this report, we describe a 53-year-old female who presented initially with hand tremor following a total hip arthroplasty. The patient developed a mixed hyperkinetic disorder consisting of chorea, dystonia affecting the upper extremities, dysarthria, and blepharospasm. Whole exome sequencing of the patient revealed a novel heterozygous missense variant (Chr11(GRCh38): g.26525644C > G; NM_031418.2(ANO3): c.702C > G; NP_113606.2. p.C234W) in exon 7 in the ANO3 gene. ANO3 encodes anoctamin-3, a Ca(+2)-dependent phospholipid scramblase expressed in striatal-neurons, that has been implicated in autosomal dominant craniocervical dystonia (Dystonia-24, DYT24, MIM# 615034). To date, only a handful of cases of DYT-24 have been described in the literature. The complex clinical presentation of the patient described includes hyperkinesias, complex motor movements, and vocal tics, which have not been reported in other patients with DYT24. This report highlights the utility of using clinical whole exome sequencing in patients with complex neurological phenotypes that would not normally fit a classical presentation of a defined genetic disease.

  15. Multi-informant assessment of anxiety regarding ano-genital examinations for suspected child sexual abuse (CSA).

    PubMed

    Scribano, Philip V; Hornor, Gail; Rhoda, Dale; Curran, Sherry; Stevens, Jack

    2010-08-01

    Given the commonly held belief that physical examinations for child sexual abuse (CSA) are very distressing, our primary objective was to evaluate anxiety during these assessments using the Multidimensional Anxiety Score for Children (MASC-10). A second objective was to compare self-reported anxiety to parental report using the MASC-10 and to medical provider's rating of emotional distress using the Genital Examination Distress Scale (GEDS). Child/parent dyads completed the MASC-10 prior to the evaluation and were retested at the completion of the medical exam. GEDS assessment occurred during the medical exam. One hundred seventy-five subject dyads were enrolled and were predominantly female (77%), Caucasian (66%), accompanied by mother (90%), and receiving Medicaid (57%). A significant subgroup of children reported clinically significant levels of anxiety at the pre-examination assessment (17.1%) and post-examination assessment (15.4%). However, most subjects reported low anxiety at both pre- and post-examination assessments. Both child and parent report demonstrated less anxiety, on average, post-examination compared to pre-examination scores. Reduced anxiety was measured with a mean pre-T-score=55.8 versus mean post-T-score=53.1 (p<.001). Correlation coefficients for pre-T-scores and post-T-scores of child/parent dyad were 0.3257 (p<.0001) and 0.3403 (p<.0001). A small correlation was noted between child reported anxiety and medical provider observation using the GEDS for pre-exam (0.1904, p=.01), and post-exam (0.2090, p=.02). Our research indicates that the majority of children are not severely anxious during medical evaluations for CSA. In addition, the MASC-10 shows promise as an instrument to assess anxiety from the ano-genital examination in CSA because it could be quickly completed by most patients and their parents, indicated a wide range of anxiety levels, and demonstrated some sensitivity to change. While parent report may identify some child anxiety

  16. Ion channel and lipid scramblase activity associated with expression of TMEM16F/ANO6 isoforms.

    PubMed

    Scudieri, Paolo; Caci, Emanuela; Venturini, Arianna; Sondo, Elvira; Pianigiani, Giulia; Marchetti, Carla; Ravazzolo, Roberto; Pagani, Franco; Galietta, Luis J V

    2015-09-01

    TMEM16F is a membrane protein with possible dual function as an ion channel and a phospholipid scramblase. The properties of ion channels associated with TMEM16F and the link between ion channel and scramblase activity are a matter of debate. We studied the properties of four isoforms of TMEM16F generated by alternative splicing. Upregulation of three TMEM16F isoforms or silencing of endogenous TMEM16F increased and decreased, respectively, both scramblase and channel activities. Introduction of an activating mutation in TMEM16F sequence caused a marked increase in phosphatidylserine scrambling and in ion transport indicating direct involvement of the protein in both functions. TMEM16F, also known as ANO6, is a membrane protein that has been associated with phospholipid scramblase and ion channel activity. However, the characteristics of TMEM16F-dependent channels, particularly the ion selectivity, are a matter of debate. Furthermore, the direct involvement of TMEM16F in phospholipid scrambling has been questioned. We studied the properties of different TMEM16F variants generated by alternative splicing. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we found that V1, V2 and V5 variants generated membrane currents activated by very high (micromolar) intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations and positive membrane potentials. These variants showed different degrees of Ca(2+) sensitivity and kinetics of activation but similar ion permeability, characterized by a slight selectivity for Cl(-) over Na(+) . A fourth variant (V3) showing a unique carboxy-terminus was devoid of activity, in agreement with its intracellular localization. We also measured scramblase activity using the binding of annexin V to detect phosphatidylserine on the cell surface. V1, V2 and V5 variants were associated with calcium-dependent phosphatidylserine externalization. Interestingly, introduction of an activating mutation, D409G, produced a marked increase in the apparent Ca(2+) sensitivity of TMEM16F

  17. Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) in Cryptoglandular fistula-in-ano: A systematic review and proportional meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Garg, Pankaj; Singh, Pratiksha

    2017-09-04

    Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) is a relatively new minimally invasive videoendoscopic procedure for treating fistula-in-ano. We reviewed and performed metaanalysis to evaluate the efficacy of this procedure. Studies from the period 2010 to 2016 were searched in PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Embase, Ovid, SCI database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) & Google Scholar database. All studies which utilized VAAFT to treat fistula-in-ano were extracted. The studies in which the Cryptoglandular fistula were treated were included. Procedure's done in patients with Crohn's disease, pediatric patients and associated malignancy were excluded from the study. The primary outcome parameter was success rate in fistula healing and the secondary outcome parameters were operating time, hospital stay, return to work, incontinence rate and complication rate. A total of 1378 studies were screened. Out of these, eight studies were finally included for meta-analysis. The analysis (n = 786) demonstrated a net Proportion Meta-analysis pooled rate of 76.01% (95% CI = 68.1 to 83.9) for success rate, 16.2% (95% CI = 12.1 to 20.2) for complications, 44.7 min (95% CI = 38.3 to 51.2) for operating time, 1-4.1 days for mean hospital stay and 1-11 days for return to work. None of the studies reported worsening of continence levels. VAAFT is a safe videoendoscopic method to treat fistula-in-ano with an overall success rate of 76% (net Proportion Meta-analysis pooled rate). The main benefit of the procedure is minimal risk to incontinence, minimal hospital stay and early return to work. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Surgical Management of Fistula-in-ano Among Patients With Crohn's Disease: Analysis of Outcomes After Fistulotomy or Seton Placement-Single-Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Papaconstantinou, I; Kontis, E; Koutoulidis, V; Mantzaris, G; Vassiliou, I

    2017-09-01

    Fistula-in-ano is a common problem among patients with Crohn's disease and carries significant morbidity. We aimed to study the outcomes of surgical treatment of fistula-in-ano after fistulotomy or seton placement in patients with perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. A retrospective observational study of 59 patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease, who were treated surgically for fistula-in-ano between 2010 and 2014 in our department. The assessment of disease complexity included a detailed physical examination, magnetic resonance imaging of the rectum, and examination under anesthesia. Outcomes for analysis included wound healing rate and postoperative incontinence. High transsphincteric fistula was found in 44% of the patients, while mid or low transsphincteric fistulas were found in 51%. Three women (5%) had a rectovaginal fistula. All patients with high transsphincteric fistulas were treated with loose seton placement. Patients with mid- or low-level transsphincteric fistula were offered either fistulotomy or seton placement based on the clinical evaluation. The mean follow-up duration was 1.6 ± 1.1 years. In terms of recurrence, one patient treated with seton placement presented with recurrence 6 months after seton removal and one patient with fistulotomy failed to achieve wound healing. Minor incontinence was found in six patients treated with fistulotomy and in three patients treated with seton placement; however, this difference was not significant (chi-square = 1.723, df = 1, Monte-Carlo: p = 0.273). Fistulotomy could achieve good results in terms of wound healing and incontinence in strictly selected patients with Crohn's disease suffering from low-lying transsphincteric fistulae. For more high-lying or complicated fistulae, seton placement is more appropriate. For high transsphincteric fistulae, the only option is placement of loose seton.

  19. Potassium and ANO1/TMEM16A chloride channel profiles distinguish atypical and typical smooth muscle cells from interstitial cells in the mouse renal pelvis

    PubMed Central

    Iqbal, Javed; Tonta, Mary A; Mitsui, Retsu; Li, Qun; Kett, Michelle; Li, Jinhua; Parkington, Helena C; Hashitani, Hikaru; Lang, Richard J

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although atypical smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the proximal renal pelvis are thought to generate the pacemaker signals that drive pyeloureteric peristalsis, their location and electrical properties remain obscure. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Standard patch clamp, intracellular microelectrode and immunohistochemistry techniques were used. To unequivocally identify SMCs, transgenic mice with enhanced yellow fluorescent protein (eYFP) expressed in cells containing α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were sometimes used. KEY RESULTS Atypical SMCs were distinguished from typical SMCs by the absence of both a transient 4-aminopyridine-sensitive K+ current (IKA) and spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) upon the opening of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels. Many typical SMCs displayed a slowly activating, slowly decaying Cl- current blocked by niflumic acid (NFA). Immunostaining for KV4.3 and ANO1/ TMEM16A Cl- channel subunits co-localized with α-SMA immunoreactive product predominately in the distal renal pelvis. Atypical SMCs fired spontaneous inward currents that were either selective for Cl- and blocked by NFA, or cation-selective and blocked by La3+. α-SMA- interstitial cells (ICs) were distinguished by the presence of a Xe991-sensitive KV7 current, BK channel STOCs and Cl- selective, NFA-sensitive spontaneous transient inward currents (STICs). Intense ANO1/ TMEM16A and KV7.5 immunostaining was present in Kit-α-SMA- ICs in the suburothelial and adventitial regions of the renal pelvis. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS We conclude that KV4.3+α-SMA+ SMCs are typical SMCs that facilitate muscle wall contraction, that ANO1/ TMEM16A and KV7.5 immunoreactivity may be selective markers of Kit- ICs and that atypical SMCs which discharge spontaneous inward currents are the pelviureteric pacemakers. PMID:22014103

  20. Whole exome sequencing links dental tumor to an autosomal-dominant mutation in ANO5 gene associated with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia and muscle dystrophies

    PubMed Central

    Andreeva, T. V.; Tyazhelova, T. V.; Rykalina, V. N.; Gusev, F. E.; Goltsov, A. Yu.; Zolotareva, O. I.; Aliseichik, M. P.; Borodina, T. A.; Grigorenko, A. P.; Reshetov, D. A.; Ginter, E. K.; Amelina, S. S.; Zinchenko, R. A.; Rogaev, E. I.

    2016-01-01

    Tumors of the jaws may represent different human disorders and frequently associate with pathologic bone fractures. In this report, we analyzed two affected siblings from a family of Russian origin, with a history of dental tumors of the jaws, in correspondence to original clinical diagnosis of cementoma consistent with gigantiform cementoma (GC, OMIM: 137575). Whole exome sequencing revealed the heterozygous missense mutation c.1067G > A (p.Cys356Tyr) in ANO5 gene in these patients. To date, autosomal-dominant mutations have been described in the ANO5 gene for gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD, OMIM: 166260), and multiple recessive mutations have been described in the gene for muscle dystrophies (OMIM: 613319, 611307); the same amino acid (Cys) at the position 356 is mutated in GDD. These genetic data and similar clinical phenotypes demonstrate that the GC and GDD likely represent the same type of bone pathology. Our data illustrate the significance of mutations in single amino-acid position for particular bone tissue pathology. Modifying role of genetic variations in another gene on the severity of the monogenic trait pathology is also suggested. Finally, we propose the model explaining the tissue-specific manifestation of clinically distant bone and muscle diseases linked to mutations in one gene. PMID:27216912

  1. DEZ ANOS DE EXPERIÊNCIA DO COMITÊ DE ÉTICA EM PESQUISA DA SECRETARIA DE SAÚDE DO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL

    PubMed Central

    Novaes, Maria Rita C. G.; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando

    2009-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a experiência do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Distrito Federal (CEP/SES/DF) Brasil, durante o período de 10 anos a partir de sua fundação. Trata-se de uma avaliação descritiva e documental, na modalidade estudo de caso, utilizando-se a totalidade de projetos protocolados no CEP/SES/DF (N° 052/08) nesse período. As pendências mais freqüentes dos projetos foram: termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido (30%), folha de rosto (25%), metodologia (20%), curriculum vitae (12%), planilha de orçamento (9%), outros (4%). O relato das atividades do CEP/SES/DF no período de 10 anos revelou, através de sua produtividade, a legitimidade do processo de análise ética dos protocolos visando à proteção dos participantes da pesquisa. PMID:19888441

  2. The Anopheles arabiensis genetic sexing strain ANO IPCL1 and its application potential for the sterile insect technique in integrated vector management programmes.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Hanano; Vreysen, Marc J B; Bourtzis, Kostas; Tschirk, Wolfgang; Chadee, Dave D; Gilles, Jeremie R L

    2015-02-01

    The Anopheles arabiensis genetic sexing strain ANO IPCL1 was developed based on a dieldrin resistant mutation. The strain has been shown to be practical and reliable in terms of female elimination by dieldrin treatments at larval stages, but has provided some difficulties when treatments were applied at the egg stage. The high natural sterility of this strain has advantages and disadvantages in both mass rearing and the sterilization process. In addition, its recombination rate, although relatively low, poses a threat of strain deterioration if left unchecked in a mass-rearing setting. The males of the ANO IPCL1 have been shown to be equally competitive as lab-reared males of the wild-type Dongola strain, but competitiveness decreased by half when irradiated with 75 Gy—a dose conferring >98% sterility. More controversial issues surround the use of dieldrin—a highly persistent organochlorine that is known to bioaccumulate in the food chain. The prospective use of large volumes of dieldrin in a mass-rearing facility and the retention of its residues by the male mosquitoes makes the use of the strain in the context of the sterile insect technique against this vector highly questionable, and therefore its implementation at a large scale cannot be recommended.

  3. Comparison of histopathology and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in fistula-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Garg, Pankaj

    2017-07-01

    Histopathology is commonly used to diagnose tuberculosis in fistula-in-ano. The aim was to compare the sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction and histopathology in detecting tuberculosis in fistula-in-ano. The histopathology and polymerase chain-reaction of tissue (fistula tract) was done in all the consecutive operated cases. When pus sample was also available, polymerase chain reaction-pus was also done RESULTS: Three hundred forty seven samples (179 patients) were tested over 2 years (median 6.5 months). The mean age was 38.8 ± 10.7 years, and male/female was 170/9. Histopathology and polymerase chain reaction of tissue (fistula tract) was done in 152 and 165 patients, respectively. Polymerase chain reaction (pus) could be done in 30 patients. Overall, tuberculosis was detected in 20/179 (11.2%) patients. Of these, tuberculosis was detected by histopathology (tissue) in 1/152 (0.7%) and by polymerase chain reaction (tissue) in 14/165 (8.5%) patients. In pus, polymerase chain reaction detected tuberculosis in 6/30 (20%) patients. Both polymerase chain reaction of tissue and pus were positive in one patient. Polymerase chain reaction (tissue) and polymerase chain reaction (pus) were significantly more sensitive than histopathology (tissue) for detecting tuberculosis [histopathology 1/152 vs. polymerase chain reaction (tissue) 14/165, p = 0.0009] [histopathology 1/152 vs. polymerase chain reaction (pus) 6/30, p < 0.0001]. In 20 patients detected to have tuberculosis, four drug anti-tubercular therapy was recommended for 6 months. The therapy was completed in 13 patients and 12/13 (92.3%) were cured. The therapy is continuing in 3/20 patients. Four patients did not take the therapy. None of them was cured. Polymerase chain reaction was significantly more sensitive than histopathology in detecting tuberculosis in fistula-in-ano. Histopathology might be missing out tuberculosis in many patients leading to recurrence of the fistula.

  4. Targeted next-generation sequencing of a 12.5 Mb homozygous region reveals ANO10 mutations in patients with autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxia.

    PubMed

    Vermeer, Sascha; Hoischen, Alexander; Meijer, Rowdy P P; Gilissen, Christian; Neveling, Kornelia; Wieskamp, Nienke; de Brouwer, Arjan; Koenig, Michel; Anheim, Mathieu; Assoum, Mirna; Drouot, Nathalie; Todorovic, Slobodanka; Milic-Rasic, Vedrana; Lochmüller, Hanns; Stevanin, Giovanni; Goizet, Cyril; David, Albert; Durr, Alexandra; Brice, Alexis; Kremer, Berry; van de Warrenburg, Bart P C; Schijvenaars, Mascha M V A P; Heister, Angelien; Kwint, Michael; Arts, Peer; van der Wijst, Jenny; Veltman, Joris; Kamsteeg, Erik-Jan; Scheffer, Hans; Knoers, Nine

    2010-12-10

    Autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxias comprise a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. In contrast to their dominant counterparts, unraveling the molecular background of these ataxias has proven to be more complicated and the currently known mutations provide incomplete coverage for genotyping of patients. By combining SNP array-based linkage analysis and targeted resequencing of relevant sequences in the linkage interval with the use of next-generation sequencing technology, we identified a mutation in a gene and have shown its association with autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxia. In a Dutch consanguineous family with three affected siblings a homozygous 12.5 Mb region on chromosome 3 was targeted by array-based sequence capture. Prioritization of all detected sequence variants led to four candidate genes, one of which contained a variant with a high base pair conservation score (phyloP score: 5.26). This variant was a leucine-to-arginine substitution in the DUF 590 domain of a 16K transmembrane protein, a putative calcium-activated chloride channel encoded by anoctamin 10 (ANO10). The analysis of ANO10 by Sanger sequencing revealed three additional mutations: a homozygous mutation (c.1150_1151del [p.Leu384fs]) in a Serbian family and a compound-heterozygous splice-site mutation (c.1476+1G>T) and a frameshift mutation (c.1604del [p.Leu535X]) in a French family. This illustrates the power of using initial homozygosity mapping with next-generation sequencing technology to identify genes involved in autosomal-recessive diseases. Moreover, identifying a putative calcium-dependent chloride channel involved in cerebellar ataxia adds another pathway to the list of pathophysiological mechanisms that may cause cerebellar ataxia.

  5. Synthesis and evaluation of 5,6-disubstituted thiopyrimidine aryl aminothiazoles as inhibitors of the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A/Ano1.

    PubMed

    Piechowicz, Katarzyna A; Truong, Eric C; Javed, Kashif M; Chaney, Rachelle R; Wu, Johnny Y; Phuan, Puay W; Verkman, Alan S; Anderson, Marc O

    2016-12-01

    Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), also called Ano1, is a Ca(2+) activated Cl(-) channel expressed widely in mammalian epithelia, as well as in vascular smooth muscle and some tumors and electrically excitable cells. TMEM16A inhibitors have potential utility for treatment of disorders of epithelial fluid and mucus secretion, hypertension, some cancers and other diseases. 4-Aryl-2-amino thiazole T16Ainh-01 was previously identified by high-throughput screening. Here, a library of 47 compounds were prepared that explored the 5,6-disubstituted pyrimidine scaffold found in T16Ainh-01. TMEM16A inhibition activity was measured using fluorescence plate reader and short-circuit current assays. We found that very little structural variation of T16Ainh-01 was tolerated, with most compounds showing no activity at 10 μM. The most potent compound in the series, 9bo, which substitutes 4-methoxyphenyl in T16Ainh-01 with 2-thiophene, had IC50 ∼1 μM for inhibition of TMEM16A chloride conductance.

  6. Synthesis and evaluation of 5,6-disubstituted thiopyrimidine aryl aminothiazoles as inhibitors of the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A/Ano1

    PubMed Central

    Piechowicz, Katarzyna A.; Truong, Eric C.; Javed, Kashif M.; Chaney, Rachelle R.; Wu, Johnny Y.; Phuan, Puay W.; Verkman, Alan S.; Anderson, Marc O.

    2016-01-01

    Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), also called Ano1, is a Ca2+ activated Cl− channel expressed widely in mammalian epithelia, as well as in vascular smooth muscle and some tumors and electrically excitable cells. TMEM16A inhibitors have potential utility for treatment of disorders of epithelial fluid and mucus secretion, hypertension, some cancers and other diseases. 4-Aryl-2-amino thiazole T16Ainh-01 was previously identified by high-throughput screening. Here, a library of 47 compounds were prepared that explored the 5,6-disubstituted pyrimidine scaffold found in T16Ainh-01. TMEM16A inhibition activity was measured using fluorescence plate reader and short-circuit current assays. We found that very little structural variation of T16Ainh-01 was tolerated, with most compounds showing no activity at 10 µM. The most potent compound in the series, 9bo, which substitutes 4-methoxyphenyl in T16Ainh-01 with 2-thiophene, had IC50 ~1 µM for inhibition of TMEM16A chloride conductance. PMID:26796863

  7. Bonding trends across the series of tricarbonato-actinyl anions [(AnO2)(CO3)3](4-) (An = U-Cm): the plutonium turn.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jian-Biao; Chen, Guo P; Huang, Wei; Clark, David L; Schwarz, W H Eugen; Li, Jun

    2017-02-21

    Actinyl-tricarbonato anions [(AnO2)(CO3)3](4-) (An = U-Cm) in various environments were investigated using theoretical approaches of quantum-mechanics, molecular-mechanics and cluster-models. Cations and solvent molecules in the 2(nd) coordination sphere affect the equatorial An←Oeq bonds more than the axial An[triple bond, length as m-dash]Oax bonds. Common actinide contraction is found for calculated and experimental axial bond lengths of 92U to 94Pu, though no longer for 94Pu to 96Cm. The tendency of U to Pu forming actinyl(vi) species dwindles away toward Cm, which already features the preferred An(III)/Ln(III) oxidation state of the later actinides and all lanthanides. The well known change from d-type to typical U-Pu-Cm type and then to f-type behavior is labeled as the plutonium turn, a phenomenon that is caused by f-orbital energy-decrease and f-orbital localization with increase of both nuclear charge and oxidation state, and a non-linear variation of effective f-electron population across the actinide series. Both orbital and configuration mixing and occupation of antibonding 5f type orbitals increase, weakening the AnOax bonds and reducing the highest possible oxidation states of the later actinides.

  8. Baseline findings from the Anal Cancer Examination (ACE) study: screening using digital ano-rectal examination in HIV-positive men who have sex with men.

    PubMed

    Ong, Jason J; Grulich, Andrew; Walker, Sandra; Hoy, Jennifer; Read, Tim; Bradshaw, Catriona; Garland, Suzanne M; Hillman, Richard; Templeton, David; Hocking, Jane; Eu, Beng; Tee, B K; Fairley, Christopher K

    2016-06-01

    Cytological screening for anal cancer precursors is not always possible. We investigated digital ano-rectal examination (DARE) as a means of early anal cancer detection in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). We recruited 327 HIV-positive MSM aged 35 and over from clinics with HIV physicians in Melbourne, Australia, to receive an annual DARE. We analyzed baseline data from patient questionnaires regarding general, anal and sexual health, adverse effects from the anal examination, cancer worry, and quality of life. The majority of men (82%, 95% CI:78-87) felt relaxed during the DARE, 1% (95% CI:0-3) complained of pain, and 1% (95% CI:0-4) reported bleeding after the examination. Nearly all men (99%, 95% CI:96-100) were willing to continue with an annual DARE. Quality of life was unaffected with utility scores of 0.76 before examination vs. 0.77 two weeks after examination, (p = 0.41). An anal abnormality was detected in 86 men (27%, 95% CI:22-31), with one anal cancer identified. The specialist referral rate following DARE was 5% (95% CI:3-8). Recruitment rates were significantly associated with the clinic setting (sexual health centre 78%, general practice 13%, hospital 14%, p = 0.002) and specialty (sexual health physician 67%, general practitioner 20%, infectious disease physician 14%, p = 0.031). Annual DARE to detect anal cancer in HIV-positive MSM was acceptable for patients, with minimal side effects. Strategies to increase HIV physician's patient recruitment would be needed if DARE were to be implemented in anal cancer screening. © The Author(s) 2015.

  9. Static electric dipole polarizabilities of An5+/6+ and AnO2+/2+ (An = U, Np, and Pu) ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parmar, Payal; Peterson, Kirk A.; Clark, Aurora E.

    2014-12-01

    The parallel components of static electric dipole polarizabilities have been calculated for the lowest lying spin-orbit states of the penta- and hexavalent oxidation states of the actinides (An) U, Np, and Pu, in both their atomic and molecular diyl ion forms (An5+/6+ and AnO2+/2+) using the numerical finite-field technique within a four-component relativistic framework. The four-component Dirac-Hartree-Fock method formed the reference for MP2 and CCSD(T) calculations, while multireference Fock space coupled-cluster (FSCC), intermediate Hamiltonian Fock space coupled-cluster (IH-FSCC) and Kramers restricted configuration interaction (KRCI) methods were used to incorporate additional electron correlation. It is observed that electron correlation has significant (˜5 a.u.3) impact upon the parallel component of the polarizabilities of the diyls. To the best of our knowledge, these quantities have not been previously reported and they can serve as reference values in the determination of various electronic and response properties (for example intermolecular forces, optical properties, etc.) relevant to the nuclear fuel cycle and material science applications. The highest quality numbers for the parallel components (αzz) of the polarizability for the lowest Ω levels corresponding to the ground electronic states are (in a.u.3) 44.15 and 41.17 for UO2+ and UO22+, respectively, 45.64 and 41.42 for NpO2+ and NpO22+, respectively, and 47.15 for the PuO2+ ion.

  10. Static electric dipole polarizabilities of An(5+/6+) and AnO2 (+/2+) (An = U, Np, and Pu) ions.

    PubMed

    Parmar, Payal; Peterson, Kirk A; Clark, Aurora E

    2014-12-21

    The parallel components of static electric dipole polarizabilities have been calculated for the lowest lying spin-orbit states of the penta- and hexavalent oxidation states of the actinides (An) U, Np, and Pu, in both their atomic and molecular diyl ion forms (An(5+/6+) and AnO2 (+/2+)) using the numerical finite-field technique within a four-component relativistic framework. The four-component Dirac-Hartree-Fock method formed the reference for MP2 and CCSD(T) calculations, while multireference Fock space coupled-cluster (FSCC), intermediate Hamiltonian Fock space coupled-cluster (IH-FSCC) and Kramers restricted configuration interaction (KRCI) methods were used to incorporate additional electron correlation. It is observed that electron correlation has significant (∼5 a.u.(3)) impact upon the parallel component of the polarizabilities of the diyls. To the best of our knowledge, these quantities have not been previously reported and they can serve as reference values in the determination of various electronic and response properties (for example intermolecular forces, optical properties, etc.) relevant to the nuclear fuel cycle and material science applications. The highest quality numbers for the parallel components (αzz) of the polarizability for the lowest Ω levels corresponding to the ground electronic states are (in a.u.(3)) 44.15 and 41.17 for UO2 (+) and UO2 (2+), respectively, 45.64 and 41.42 for NpO2 (+) and NpO2 (2+), respectively, and 47.15 for the PuO2 (+) ion.

  11. Non-sphincter splitting fistulectomy vs conventional fistulotomy for high trans-sphincteric fistula-in-ano: a prospective functional and manometric study.

    PubMed

    Toyonaga, Takayuki; Matsushima, Makoto; Tanaka, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Kazunori; Sogawa, Nobuhito; Kanyama, Hiroki; Shimojima, Yasuhiro; Hatakeyama, Tomoaki; Tanaka, Masao

    2007-09-01

    This study compared the clinical and physiological results of non-sphincter splitting fistulectomy (N-SSF) with those of sphincter splitting fistulotomy (SSF) for treatment of high trans-sphincteric fistula-in-ano. A prospective, observational study was undertaken in 70 consecutive patients with high trans-sphincteric fistula treated by SSF (n = 35) or N-SSF (n = 35). Anal manometry was performed before and 3 months after surgery. Anal continence was assessed using the Cleveland Clinic Florida Incontinence Score. There was no difference between the two groups in age, gender, presence of horseshoe extension, preoperative incontinence score and manometric values. The incidence of recurrence was similar between the two groups. The postoperative incontinence score of the SSF group was significantly higher than that of the N-SSF group (1.9 +/- 2.9 vs 1.1 +/- 2.9, P = 0.0347). Maximum resting pressure showed significant decrease after surgery in both groups (83.2 to 56.1 mmHg, P = 0.0001 and 85.1 to 58.4 mmHg, P = 0.0001). Voluntary contraction pressure and functional anal canal length did not change after N-SSF (137.6 to 138.2 mmHg, P = 0.9524 and 4.06 to 4.07 cm, P = 0.9524), but significantly decreased after SSF (120.2 to 96.7 mmHg, P = 0.0085 and 4.12 to 3.74 cm, P = 0.0183). Non-sphincter splitting fistulectomy for high trans-sphincteric fistula provided better functional results than fistulotomy. Less impairment of anal continence was achieved possibly not only by maintenance of the external anal sphincter function but also by preservation of the length of the high-pressure zone.

  12. OA03.11. A comparative study of guggulu chitrak kshar – sutra and snuhi apamarg kshar – sutra in the management of fistula in ano

    PubMed Central

    Gond, Pushpa; Kumar, Ashok; Rajeshwari, PN; Choudhary, PC; Kumar, Jitendra

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Fistula in ano is a condition which has been recognized as difficult surgical diseases in all the ancient and modern medical sciences of the world. In Ayurvedic texts fistulainano is described as Bhagandar. This disease is recurrent in nature which makes it more difficult for treatment. So it produces inconvenience in routine life. KsharSutra has been proved as a big revolution in the treatment of fistulainano. It is the need to do further researches to get more efficient Kshar Sutra. Method: The present study was clinical, randomised, single blind trial. In the present research work Guggulu Chitraka KsharSutra has been taken for comparative study wth snuhi apamarga ksharsutra. Thirty patients cases of fistulainano were selected from OPD/IPD of Shalya Tantra department of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur. Total patients were divided into two equal groups. The patients of group A were treated with Snuhi Apamarga KsharSutra and the patients of group B were treated with Guggulu Chitraka KsharSutra. Result: In the study the effect of Guggulu Chitraka KsharSutra was found better in pain, itching, pus discharge, tenderness and burning sensation and the rate of Unit Cutting Time was slightly higher as Snuhi Apamarga KsharSutra. Conclusion: Though U.C.T of Guggulu Chitrak Kshara Sutra is slightly higher than Snuhi Apamarga Kshar Sutra, but in assessment parameter Guggulu Chitrak Kshar Sutra has been shown significant result. With guggulu chitrak ksharsutra post ligation complications like hypertrophied scar etc are not seen and this is easily available and cost effective.

  13. Functional characterization of CD4 and CD8 T cell responses among human papillomavirus infected patients with ano-genital warts.

    PubMed

    Singh, Manjula; Thakral, Deepshi; Rishi, Narayan; Kar, Hemanta Kumar; Mitra, Dipendra Kumar

    2017-06-01

    Ano-genital warts are considered one of the commonest and highly infectious sexually transmitted infections. These warts are primarily caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) of the family Papillomaviridae, genus alpha-papillomavirus, species 10 and types 6 and 11. However the high recurrence rate of warts is a matter of serious concern to the patients and a challenge for the treating physician. The conventional treatment options are targeted only to the local site of warts. There is no systemic treatment modality as there is limited understanding of the disease immune-pathogenesis. The role of cell-mediated immunity in combating HPV infection is not clearly defined. Hence the present study is aimed at investigating the CD4(+) T helper (Th1 and Th2) and CD8(+) T cell responses among wart patients. In this study, we compared HPV6 and HPV11 antigen-specific T cell responses among venereal wart patients relative to healthy controls. Significant decrease in percent frequencies of IFN-γ producing CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were observed in HPV infected wart patients. On the other hand, the frequency of CD4(+) T cells expressing IL-4 was significantly increased in these patients as compared to healthy controls. The observed functional skewing of HPV specific T cells from Th1 to Th2 response in patients indicated suppressed immunity against the HPV. Moreover, decrease in CD8 T cell function correlated with poor wart clearance. Our findings open future avenues for exploring potential immunomodulation strategies as an adjunct to standard treatment for better management of these patients and prevention of recurrence.

  14. Five years of experience with the FiLaC™ laser for fistula-in-ano management: long-term follow-up from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Wilhelm, A; Fiebig, A; Krawczak, M

    2017-04-01

    There are limited data available concerning endofistular therapies for fistula-in-ano, with our group reporting the first preliminary outcomes of the use of the radial fibre Fistula laser Closing (FiLaC ™) device. The aim of this study was to assess a cohort of anal fistulae managed with laser ablation plus definitive flap closure of the internal fistula opening over a long-term follow-up. Factors governing primary healing success and secondary healing success (i.e. success after one or two operations) were determined. The study analysed 117 patients over a median follow-up period of 25.4 months (range 6-60 months) with 13 patients (11.1%) having Crohn's-related fistulae. No incontinence to solid and liquid stool was reported. Minor incontinence to mucus and gas was observed in two cases (1.7%), and a late abscess treated in one case (0.8%). The primary healing rate was 75/117 (64.1%) overall, and 63.5% for cryptoglandular fistulae versus 69.2% for Crohn's fistulae, respectively. Of the 42 patients who failed FiLaC™ 31 underwent a second operation ("Re-FiLaC™", fistulectomy with sphincter reconstruction or fistulotomy). The secondary healing rate, defined as healing of the fistula at the end of the study period, was 103/117 (88.0%) overall and 85.5% for cryptoglandular fistulae versus 92.3% for Crohn's fistulae. A significantly higher primary success rate was observed for intersphincteric-type fistulae with primary and secondary outcome unaffected by age, gender, presence of Crohn's disease, number of prior surgeries and the type of flap designed to close the internal fistula opening. There is a moderate primary success rate using first-up FiLaC™ treatment. If FiLaC™ fails, secondary success with repeat FiLaC™ or other approaches was high. The minimally invasive FiLaC™ approach may therefore represent a sensible first-line treatment option for anal fistula repair.

  15. The investigation of electrodeposited Cu2O/ITO layers by chronocoulometry process: effect of electrical potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohra, D.; Benhaliliba, M.; Serin, M.; Khelladi, M. R.; Lahmar, H.; Azizi, A.

    2016-10-01

    The thin films of Cu2O are deposited by electrodeposition technique onto indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate at different potentials. The precursor is an aqueous solution which contains respectively 0.05 M of CuSO4 and citric acid at kept temperature of 60 °C and the applied potential varies within the {-0.4 V, -0.7 V} SCE range. Based on the chronocoulometry (CC) process, the electrochemical, structural and optical parameters are determined. We measured the current as function of potential within the {-0.4 V, -0.7 V} range and the higher current is found to be within the {-0.7V, -0.3 V} band. The grain sizes are of 12.12 nm and 35.47 nm according to (110) and (221) orientations respectively. The hightextural coefficient of 0.943 is recorded for the potential -0.7 V The transmittance of 72.25 %, within the visible band, is obtained for the as-grown layer at -0.4 V and the band gap is found to be 2.2 eV for the electrodeposition potential of -0.7 V Project supported the PNR (Nos. 8/U311/R77, U311/R81), the “Agencethematique de rechercheen science ettechnologie” (ATRST), the National Administration of Scientific Research, the CNEPRU of Oran University of Sciences and Technology (No. B00L02UN310220130011), and the Scientific Research Projects Coordination (Nos. 2012-01-01-KAP05, 2012-01-01-KAP06) Yildiz Technical University.

  16. Effect of spin-orbit coupling on the actinide dioxides AnO2 (An=Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, and Am): A screened hybrid density functional study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Xiao-Dong; Martin, Richard L.; Roy, Lindsay E.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Rudin, Sven P.; Batista, Enrique R.; McCleskey, Thomas M.; Scott, Brian L.; Bauer, Eve; Joyce, John J.; Durakiewicz, Tomasz

    2012-10-01

    We present a systematic comparison of the lattice structures, electronic density of states, and band gaps of actinide dioxides, AnO2 (An=Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, and Am) predicted by the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof screened hybrid density functional (HSE) with the self-consistent inclusion of spin-orbit coupling (SOC). The computed HSE lattice constants and band gaps of AnO2 are in consistently good agreement with the available experimental data across the series, and differ little from earlier HSE results without SOC. ThO2 is a simple band insulator (f 0), while PaO2, UO2, and NpO2 are predicted to be Mott insulators. The remainders (PuO2 and AmO2) show considerable O2p/An5f mixing and are classified as charge-transfer insulators. We also compare our results for UO2, NpO2, and PuO2 with the PBE+U, self interaction correction (SIC), and dynamic mean-field theory (DMFT) many-body approximations.

  17. The mechanism of the reduction of [AnO2]2+ (An = U, Np, Pu) in aqueous solution, and by Fe(II) containing proteins and mineral surfaces, probed by DFT calculations.

    PubMed

    Sundararajan, Mahesh; Assary, Rajeev S; Hillier, Ian H; Vaughan, David J

    2011-11-14

    The fate of actinyl species in the environment is closely linked to oxidation state, since the reduction of An(VI) to An(IV) greatly decreases their mobility due to the precipitation of the relatively insoluble An(IV) species. Here we study the mechanism of the reduction of [AnO(2)](2+) (An = U, Np, Pu) both in aqueous solution and by Fe(II) containing proteins and mineral surfaces, using density functional theory calculations. We find a disproportionation mechanism involving a An(V)-An(V) cation-cation complex, and we have investigated how these complexes are formed in the different environments. We find that the behaviour of U and Pu complexes are similar, but the reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV) would seems to be more difficult, in line with the experimental finding that Np(V) is generally more stable than U(V) or Pu(V). Although the models we have used are somewhat idealised, our calculations suggest that there are strong similarities between the biotic and abiotic reduction pathways.

  18. [Anatomy of the ano-rectal region].

    PubMed

    Van Limborgh, J; Los, J A; De Blok, S; De Jong, E

    1980-01-01

    Following a survey of the anatomical characteristics of the rectum and the posterior part of the pelvic floor, a description is given of the fibrous sheath enveloping the rectum, and of the fibrous leaves and septa which traverse the adipose tissue of the subperitoneal space and the ischiorectal fossa. These fibrous structures contain the blood vessels, the lymphatics and the nerves, the distribution of which is described in detail. The fibrous structures, in which many smooth muscle fibres are present, not only enclose the vessels and nerves but also form the suspensory apparatus of the rectum.

  19. Estudios Sociales Para ninos de cinco anos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Camp, Sara S.

    1982-01-01

    Suggests that kindergarten teachers should once a week bring to class a news photograph which they can discuss with the children. Such an exercise can be used to create among the children a wider awareness of the world and to counter their tendency to focus exclusively on the self. (Author/RH)

  20. Electronic structure of bulk AnO2 (An = U, Np, Pu) and water adsorption on the (111) and (110) surfaces of UO2 and PuO2 from hybrid density functional theory within the periodic electrostatic embedded cluster method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wellington, Joseph P. W.; Kerridge, Andrew; Austin, Jonathan; Kaltsoyannis, Nikolas

    2016-12-01

    Generalised gradient approximation (PBE) and hybrid (PBE0) density functional theory (DFT) within the periodic electrostatic embedded cluster method have been used to study AnO2 bulk and surfaces (An = U, Np, Pu). The electronic structure has been investigated by examining the projected density of states (PDOS). While PBE incorrectly predicts these systems to be metallic, PBE0 finds them to be insulators, with the composition of the valence and conduction levels agreeing well with experiment. Molecular and dissociative water adsorption on the (111) and (110) surfaces of UO2 and PuO2 has been investigated, with that on the (110) surface being stronger than on the (111). Similar energies are found for molecular and dissociative adsorption on the (111) surfaces, while on the (110) there is a clear preference for dissociative adsorption. Adsorption energies and geometries on the (111) surface of UO2 are in good agreement with recent periodic DFT studies using the GGA+U approach, and our data for dissociative adsorption on the (110) surface of PuO2 match experiment rather well, especially when dispersion corrections are included.

  1. Management of fistula-in-ano: an introduction.

    PubMed

    El-Tawil, Am

    2011-07-28

    Peri-anal fistulae are a worldwide health problem that can affect any person anywhere. Surgical management of these fistulae is not free from risks. Recurrence and fecal incontinence are the most common complications after surgery. The cumulative personal surgical experience in managing cases with anal fistulae is significantly considered as necessary for obtaining better results with minimal adverse effects after surgery. The purpose for conducting this survey is to facilitate better outcome after surgical interventions in idiopathic anal fistulae' cases.

  2. Ano-Rectal Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Disease

    PubMed Central

    Warren, Ralph E.

    1987-01-01

    Diseases of the anus and rectum are frequently the outcome of proctogenital and oral-anal sexual activities. These sexually transmitted diseases are more common among homosexual and bisexual men than among heterosexuals. A variety of infectious agents are responsible including viruses, bacteria, spirochetes, helminths, and protozoa. Anal warts, herpetic ulcers, and syphilitic chancres are common anal STDs. Gonorrhea, herpes, and chlamydial organisms are common causes of venereal acute proctitis. Enteric infections such as shigellosis, amebiasis, giardiasis and pinworms can be transmitted by oral-anal contact. Aggressive sexual attempts at auto-eroticism using rectally inserted foreign bodies may cause traumatic proctitis complicated by bacterial peritonitis or perirectal abscesses. PMID:21263807

  3. Learning about the Sky from the Environment: An Experience Working Along One Year with Students of Elementary Education. (Spanish Title: Aprendiendo sobre EL Cielo Desde el Entorno: Una Experiencia Trabajando Durante un Año Junto a Estudiantes del Primario.) Aprendendo sobre o Céu a Partir do Entorno: Uma Experiência de Trabalho ao Longo de um Ano com Alunos de Ensino Fundamental

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Longhini, Marcos Daniel; Gomide, Hanny Angeles

    2014-12-01

    percepción limitada que los estudiantes tienen de su alrededor la cual, sin embargo, se expandió debido a las actividades llevadas a cabo, sobre todo en relación con la Luna. Trabajar con medidas sistemáticas revela el manejo cuidadoso de los datos para que sean comprensibles para los estudiantes, así como el trabajo con las sombras para que comprendan primero como se forman estas para después trabajarlas en Astronomía. Por último, llegamos a la conclusión de que el proceso desarrollado consistió en una etapa inicial de una obra que debe ser profundizado en los años posteriores de la formación de estos estudiantes. Projeto de pesquisa desenvolvido com 95 alunos do 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental de uma escola pública estadual de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. Foi um trabalho contínuo, de fevereiro a dezembro de 2013, o qual levou os alunos a participarem de atividades de observação do entorno, dentre ele, o céu, analisando as mudanças ocorridas. Focamos no estudo das variações de temperaturas, chuvas, duração do dia, variações do tamanho das sombras e mudanças nos aspectos da Lua. Nosso foco de análise centrou-se em discutir os conhecimentos que os referidos alunos tinham acerca dos temas indicados no início e ao término da implementação da proposta. Os resultados mostraram a percepção limitada que os estudantes possuem de seu entorno, todavia, ampliada em função das atividades desenvolvidas, principalmente no que se refere à Lua. O trabalho com medidas sistemáticas revela o cuidado no tratamento dos dados para que eles se tornem compreensíveis aos alunos, assim como o trabalho com as sombras sinaliza para que os alunos primeiramente compreendam como as sombras são formadas para depois trabalhar isso em Astronomia. Por fim, concluímos que o processo vivido constituiu-se em uma etapa inicial de um trabalho que deve ser estimulado para os anos subsequentes da formação desses alunos.

  4. Providing Meaningful Learning for Students of the Sixth Grade of Middle School: a Study on the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Propiciando Aprendizagem Significativa Para Alunos do Sexto Ano do Ensino Fundamental: um Estudo sobre as Fases da Lua.) Propiciando el Aprendizaje Significativo Para Alumnos del Sexto Nivel de la Educación General Básica: un Estudio sobre Las Fases de la Luna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; Samudio Pérez, Carlos Ariel; da Rosa, Cleci Werner; Heineck, Renato

    2012-07-01

    We relate in this article a didactic experience studying the moon phases with a group of middle school students of a private school of the municipality of Passo Fundo, RS. Based on David Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory, we have sought to develop a proposal following a didactic model which simulates the phases of the Moon, as based on the previous conceptions of the students. The signs of learning were evidenced by means of memory registries of the activity. From the obtained results we believe that the proposal achieved its goals, since the students were able to identify, differentiate and transfer the phenomenon of the moon phases to new contexts. Thus, it is concluded that a methodology focused on a meaningful content for the students is fundamental to the construction and genuine grasping of what is being learned. Neste artigo, relata-se uma experiência didática de estudo das fases da Lua com uma turma do 6° ano do Ensino Fundamental, de uma escola privada do município de Passo Fundo, RS. Tendo como fundamentação teórica a Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa de David Ausubel, buscou-se desenvolver a proposta a partir de um modelo didático que simula as fases da Lua e com base nas concepções prévias dos estudantes. Os indícios da aprendizagem foram constatados através de registros de memórias da atividade. Pelos resultados apresentados, acredita-se que a proposta alcançou seus objetivos, uma vez que os estudantes conseguiram identificar, diferenciar e transferir o fenômeno das fases da Lua para novos contextos. Assim, conclui-se que uma metodologia com enfoque em um conteúdo significativo ao estudante é fundamental para a construção e compreensão genuína do que está sendo aprendido. En este artículo se relata una experiencia didáctica de estudio de las fases de la Luna con una clase de 6º año de la educación general básica de una escuela privada del municipio de Passo Fundo, RS. Teniendo como fundamentación teórica la Teor

  5. Anorectal abscess and fistula-in-ano: evidence-based management.

    PubMed

    Rizzo, Julie A; Naig, Anna L; Johnson, Eric K

    2010-02-01

    The management of anorectal abscess and anal fistula has changed markedly with time. Invasive methods with high resulting rates of incontinence have given way to sphincter-sparing methods that have a much lower associated morbidity. There has been an increase in reports in the medical literature describing the success rates of the varying methods of dealing with this condition. This article reviews the various methods of treatment and evidence supporting their use and explores advances that may lead to new therapies.

  6. 450 Years of Chicano History in Pictures/450 Anos del Pueblo Chicano.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chicano Communications Center, Albuquerque, NM.

    For use with junior and senior high school students, this book presents more than 250 drawings and pictures, with an introduction and brief texts in English and Spanish, depicting 450 years of Chicano history. The book covers: Mexico before the Spanish Conquests, Spain's colonization of the Southwest, the United States war on Mexico, events in the…

  7. Consideraciones medicas y psicologicas en ninos de 5 y 6 anos de 6 guarderias infantiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeSilva, Milagros Guerra; DeViloria, Carmen Leon

    1975-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of attendance at state kindergartens of a group of 181 five- and six-year-olds from low socioeconomic backgrounds. The effects of a supplemental nutritional program as well as the children's attitudes toward attendance were considered. (MS)

  8. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano 2, No. 4 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume 2, No. 4).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  9. Analisis de las Condiciones de Salud del Nino de 0-6 anos en Honduras.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matamoros, Douglas Alberto

    1987-01-01

    Examines the National Pediatric Service and the research program of the Maternity-Infant-Hospital-School in Honduras. Reports that health conditions of young children (birth to six years) in Honduras are appalling and that available funds for health services are inadequate, reflecting the country's economic and social crisis. (NH)

  10. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano 3, No. 5 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume 3, No. 5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  11. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano V, No. 9 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume V, No. 9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  12. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano III, No. 7 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume III, No. 7).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  13. Definitive seton management for transsphincteric fistula-in-ano: harm or charm?

    PubMed

    Rosen, D R; Kaiser, A M

    2016-05-01

    The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistula requires a balance between eradication of the disease and preservation of faecal control. A cutting seton is an old tool that is now out of vogue for many surgeons. We hypothesized that the concept remains reliable and safe with results that exceed those reported for many of the more recently described methods. A retrospective review was conducted of real-time electronic health records (single institution, single surgeon) of patients presenting during the 14 years between 2001 and 2014 with a transsphincteric anal fistula who were treated with a cutting seton. Excluded were patients with Crohn's disease, fistulae related to malignancy or a previous anastomosis and patients whose fistula was treated by another method including a loose draining seton. Data collection included demographics, duration of the disease, duration of the treatment, outcome and continence. In all, 121 patients (80 men) of mean age 40.2 ± 12.2 years (range 18-76) with a mean follow-up of 5.1 ± 3.3 (1-24) months were included in the analysis. The median duration of symptoms was 6 (1-84) months; 36% had failed other fistula surgery, 12% had a complex fistula with more than one track and 35% had some form of comorbidity. The median time to healing was 3 (1-18) months; 7.4% required further surgery, but eventually 98% had complete fistula healing. The incontinence rate decreased postoperatively to 11.6% from 19% before treatment with 17/121 with pre-existing incontinence resolved and 8/107 new cases developing. Despite its retrospective non-comparative design, the study has demonstrated that a cutting seton is a safe, well tolerated and highly successful treatment for transsphincteric anal fistula and is followed overall by improved continence. The results compare very favourably with other techniques. Colorectal Disease © 2015 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  14. Consideraciones medicas y psicologicas en ninos de 5 y 6 anos de 6 guarderias infantiles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeSilva, Milagros Guerra; DeViloria, Carmen Leon

    1975-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of attendance at state kindergartens of a group of 181 five- and six-year-olds from low socioeconomic backgrounds. The effects of a supplemental nutritional program as well as the children's attitudes toward attendance were considered. (MS)

  15. Ano-rectal lymphogranuloma venereum: 22 cases reported in a sexually transmited infections center in Paris.

    PubMed

    Halioua, B; Bohbot, J M; Monfort, L; Nassar, N; de Barbeyrac, B; Monsonego, J; Sednaoui, P

    2006-01-01

    In January 2004 the European Surveillance of Sexually Transmitted Infections Network (ESSTI) issued an international alert regarding an outbreak of Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in Rotterdam in a sexual network of men who have sex with men (MSM). Further to this alert, a retrospective survey was set up by the Institut de Veille Sanitaire and the reference laboratories for N.gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia in France. Our STI clinic in Paris carried out a clinico-biological retrospective study involving 154 MSM screened for anorectal sexually transmitted infections (STIs) between January 2002 and May 2004 and a prospective study between May 2004 and August 2004. Out of 216 swabs of rectal discharge from homosexual or bisexual males, a total of 32 were positive for C. trachomatis (14.8%) (3 patients in 2002, 11 in 2003 and 18 in 2004). C. trachomatis-positive rectal strains were genotyped to detect the specific C. trachomatis serovars and revealed serovars L(2) for 22 patients (respectively 1 in 2002, 9 in 2003 and 12 in 2004). Serum antibody titers for Chlamydia trachomatis were determined among 14 subjects and revealed strongly positive in 13 cases (1/512 to 1/16384) titers of IgG. These 22 patients with clinico-biologically confirmed anorectal lymphogranuloma venereum (ARLGV) were all homosexual men. They ranged from 28 to 52 years (mean age 39.2 years). 12 of 21 (57.1%) subjects with an ARLGV diagnosis were seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (one not done). Although rare, anorectal lymphogranuloma venereum (ARLGV) still exists in France and should not be forgotten in the differential diagnosis of rectal problems in male homosexuals.

  16. Fistula in ano surgery has no impact on pudendal nerve terminal motor latency.

    PubMed

    Daniel, Fady; Thomas, Christian; Etienney, Isabelle; Atienza, Patrick

    2006-07-01

    Anal fistula surgery is recognized as a major risk factor for anal incontinence. This incontinence is mainly due to surgical sphincter lesions, although a neurogenic mechanism through damage to the pudendal nerve is not excluded. The objective of our study was to evaluate the influence of anal surgery on the anal terminal motor latency of the pudendal nerve (PNTML). The PNTML values were measured pre- and postoperatively, respectively, in 33 patients (28 men, 5 women) treated for anal suppuration and 34 patients (21 men, 13 women) undergoing pedicular hemorrhoidectomy using the Milligan and Morgan technique. The average age was 49.6 years in the hemorrhoid group and 45 years in the fistula group (p=0.19). There was no difference in the sex ratio between the two groups (p=0.06). In the anal fistula group, the preoperative mean PNTML was 2.42 (+/-0.46) ms on the infected side and 2.40 (+/-0.42) ms on the healthy side, with a significant difference from the control group's preoperative ipsilateral latencies: 2.73 (+/-0.60) ms (p=0.02, p=0.01). The variations in the postoperative PNTML of the fistula group, both on the healthy side (DeltaPNTML=0.06+/-0.42 ms) and on the diseased side (DeltaPNTML=0.03+/-0.40 ms), are comparable with those of the hemorrhoid group (DeltaPNTML=0.01+/-0.48 ms; p=0.63, p=0.84). The nervous conduction of the pudendal nerves does not seem to be altered by the presence of an infectious process in the ischiorectal fossa nor by the surgical procedure. However, a more refined electrophysiological study would seem to be necessary to assess the repercussions on the perineal innervation.

  17. Analisis de las Condiciones de Salud del Nino de 0-6 anos en Honduras.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matamoros, Douglas Alberto

    1987-01-01

    Examines the National Pediatric Service and the research program of the Maternity-Infant-Hospital-School in Honduras. Reports that health conditions of young children (birth to six years) in Honduras are appalling and that available funds for health services are inadequate, reflecting the country's economic and social crisis. (NH)

  18. Treatment of Complex Fistula-in-Ano With a Nitinol Proctology Clip.

    PubMed

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas; Krarup, Peter-Martin; Hagen, Kikke

    2017-07-01

    The treatment of complex anocutaneous fistulas remains a major therapeutic challenge balancing the risk of incontinence against the chance of permanent closure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a nitinol proctology clip for closure of complex anocutaneous fistulas. This is a single-center cohort study with retrospective analysis of all of the treated patients. Data were obtained from patient records and MRI reports, as well as follow-up telephone calls and clinical follow-up with endoanal ultrasonography. All of the patients were treated for high transsphincteric and suprasphincteric anocutaneous fistulas at the Digestive Disease Center, Bispebjerg Hospital, between May 2013 and February 2015. All of the patients were treated with the nitinol proctology clip. Primary outcome was fistula healing after proctology clip placement, as evaluated through clinical examination, endoanal ultrasonography, and MRI. The fistula healing rate 1 year after the clip procedure was 54.3% (19 of 35 included patients). At the end of follow-up, 17 (49%) of 35 patients had persistent closure of the fistula tracks. No impairment of continence function was observed. Treatment outcome was not found to be statistically associated with any clinicopathological characteristics. The study is limited by its retrospective and nonrandomized design. Selection bias may have occurred, because treatment options other than the clip were available during the study period. The small number of patients means that there is a nonnegligible risk of type II error in the conclusion, and the follow-up may be too short to have detected all of the failures. Healing rates were comparable with those of other noninvasive, sphincter-sparing techniques for high-complex anocutaneous fistulas, with no risk of incontinence. Predictive parameters for fistula healing using this technique remain uncertain. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A347.

  19. Cinco Anos Despues: A Preliminary Critique of the Sixteen Point/Spanish Speaking Program - Five Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.

    In 1970, the Spanish Speaking Program was launched as the Sixteen-Point Program to increase the number of Hispanic employees in the Federal Service. It functioned as part of the government-wide Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Program. In 1973 the U.S. Civil Service Commission's Federal Personnel Manual required agencies to take specific actions…

  20. 450 Years of Chicano History in Pictures/450 Anos del Pueblo Chicano.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chicano Communications Center, Albuquerque, NM.

    For use with junior and senior high school students, this book presents more than 250 drawings and pictures, with an introduction and brief texts in English and Spanish, depicting 450 years of Chicano history. The book covers: Mexico before the Spanish Conquests, Spain's colonization of the Southwest, the United States war on Mexico, events in the…

  1. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano 2, No. 3. (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume 2, No. 3).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  2. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano III, No. 6 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume III, No. 6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  3. Reading: Birth to Age 5 = La Lectura: Desde El Nacimiento Hasta Los 5 Anos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Learning Point Associates / North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL), 2005

    2005-01-01

    Besides a change in the expectations of parents, other shifts are occurring in society that impact the youngest children (Bowman, Donovan, & Burns, 2000): (1) More women are in the workforce than ever before, which means more children are in child care or preschool; (2) There is increasing evidence of, and conviction from educators, that preschool…

  4. The Shadow of a Gnomon Along a Year: Routine Observations and Teaching of Apparent Motion of the Sun and the Four Seasons. (Spanish Title: La Sombra de un Gnomon lo Largo de un Año: Observaciones de Rutina y la Enseñanza del Movimiento Aparente del Sol y Las Cuatro Estaciones.) A Sombra de um Gnômon ao Longo de um Ano: Observações Rotineiras e o Ensino do Movimento Aparente do Sol E das Quatro Estações

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trogello, Anderson Giovani; Danhoni Neves, Marcos Cesar; de Carvalho Rutz da Silva, Sani

    2013-12-01

    , al solsticio de junio, al equinoccio de septiembre y al solsticio de diciembre. Además, se dictaron clases teóricas en la sala de aula. Estos métodos buscaron construir conceptos en torno al movimiento aparente del Sol y la sucesión de las estaciones. Teniendo en cuenta los resultados de las actividades se aplicó una evaluación cuyos datos demuestran la existencia de un aprendizaje deseado por los estudiantes en cuanto a: el reconocimiento de los puntos cardinales, la descripción del movimiento solar aparente y la aparición de las estaciones y su alternancia a partir de observaciones astronómicas visuales sin instrumentos. Muitas concepções alternativas são reconhecidas entre os diversos grupos de estudantes, em especial nos da educação básica. Dentre elas, o movimento aparente do Sol, por mais quotidiano que seja, proporciona variadas interpretações. Deste modo, observar e registrar o movimento dos astros na abóboda celeste é uma tarefa necessária ao ensino de Astronomia. O trabalho que ora se apresenta propõe a apresentação dos resultados da observação do movimento aparente do Sol por intermédio da marcação da sombra de um gnômon vertical por alunos de uma turma do sexto ano do ensino fundamental de uma escola do campo do Paraná. O projeto em si ocorreu em quatro etapas, em datas próximas do equinócio de março, do solstício de junho, do equinócio de setembro e do solstício de dezembro. Além disso, foram desenvolvidas aulas teóricas em sala de aula. Tais métodos buscaram construir conceitos em torno da movimentação aparente do Sol e da alternância das estações do ano. Diante dos resultados provenientes das atividades desenvolvidas foi aplicada uma avaliação e os dados demonstraram um aprendizado desejado dos alunos quanto: ao reconhecimento dos pontos cardeais; à descrição do movimento solar aparente e a ocorrência das estações do ano e sua alternância a partir de observações astronômicas a olho nu.

  5. Robotic pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer treatment: program implementation and initial experience.

    PubMed

    Terra, Ricardo Mingarini; Araujo, Pedro Henrique Xavier Nabuco de; Lauricella, Leticia Leone; Campos, José Ribas Milanez de; Costa, Herbert Felix; Pego-Fernandes, Paulo Manuel

    2016-01-01

    comparar resultados da lobectomia pulmonar por videotoracoscopia com a robótica. O programa de cirurgia robótica do Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, localizado na cidade de São Paulo (SP), foi uma iniciativa multidisciplinar que envolveu diversas especialidades cirúrgicas e equipes de anestesia, enfermagem e engenharia clínica. Nesta análise, avaliamos os pacientes incluídos no braço lobectomia robótica durante os primeiros três meses do estudo (de abril a junho de 2015). Dez pacientes foram incluídos nesta análise. Eram oito mulheres e dois homens. A média de idade foi de 65,1 anos. Todos apresentavam tumores periféricos. Foram realizadas lobectomia superior direita, em quatro pacientes; lobectomia inferior direita, em quatro; e lobectomia superior esquerda, em dois. Os tempos cirúrgicos variaram bastante (variação, 135-435 min). Não foi necessária a conversão para técnica aberta ou videotoracoscópica em nenhum paciente. Não foram observadas complicações intraoperatórias. Apenas o primeiro paciente foi encaminhado à UTI no pós-operatório. Não houve mortalidade nem reinternações em 30 dias após a alta. A única complicação pós-operatória observada foi dor torácica (grau 3), em dois pacientes. O exame anatomopatológico revelou a ressecção completa do tumor em todos os casos. A implantação de um programa de cirurgia torácica robótica, quando há integração e treinamento adequado de todas as equipes envolvidas, é factível e pode reduzir a morbidade e a mortalidade.

  6. Espectroscopia de candidatos a remanescentes de aglomerados abertos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavani, D. B.; Bica, E.; Ahumada, A. V.; Clariá, J. J.

    2003-08-01

    A pesquisa sobre remanescentes de aglomerados abertos tem despertado grande interesse. Seguindo esta tendência encontramos estudos teóricos e observacionais. Os primeiros baseiam-se em simulações numéricas buscando determinar fração de binárias e distâncias galatocêntricas, tempo de vida e conteúdo estelar. Estes estão relacionados à função inicial de massa e densidade de estrelas, ou seja, se ricos ou pobremente povoados, compactos ou esparsos. No caso observacional procuram-se identificar os remanescentes considerando-se que trazem estas assinaturas de seus percursores. No presente estudo empregamos espectroscopia para analisar oito concentrações pobremente povoadas, previamente classificadas como aglomerados abertos, sendo sete compactas e uma esparsa. As observações foram obtidas através do telescópio de 2,15 m do CASLEO em San Juan, Argentina, em turnos entre 2001 e 2003. Utilizamos uma câmara CCD contendo um chip Tektronics de 1024X1024 pixeis aliado a um espectrógrafo REOSC. O domínio espectral vai de 3700 a 7000 Å. As reduções foram realizadas no Observatório Astronômico de Córdoba (Argentina) usando pacotes IRAF padrões. Determinamos idades, avermelhamentos e tipos espectrais através de comparações com biblioteca de estrelas e de aglomerados. Em alguns casos nossos espectros estavam dominados por estrelas individuais às quais determinamos seus tipos espectrais. Aos oito objetos adicionamos mais cinco da literatura recente analisados via espectro ou diagrama cor-magnitude. O histograma resultante contém idades típicas entre 0.5 e 3 Ganos. Considerando que predominantemente estes objetos encontram-se na vizinhança solar e, portanto, não cruzaram muitas vezes o plano Galático esperamos que a diferença no tempo necessário para dissolução destes prováveis remanescentes seja em função de diferentes massas iniciais.

  7. Apparent Motion of the Sun, Shadows of Objects and Measurement of Time in the View of Seventh Grade Students of Middle School. (Breton Title: Movimento Aparente do Sol, Sombras dos Objetos e Medição do Tempo na Visão de Alunos do Sétimo Ano do Ensino Fundamental.) Movimiento Aparente del Sol, Sombras de los Objetos y Medición del Tiempo en la Visión de Estudiantes del Séptimo Grado del Ciclo Pirmario

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iria Machado, Daniel

    2013-07-01

    The apparent motion of the Sun on the celestial sphere and the behavior of the shadows of objects over time are observable phenomena in everyday life. However, students often do not have a proper understanding of such occurrences, and can even display misconceptions about them. Therefore, we performed a research in order to know students' notions about these subjects and to evaluate the contribution to their understanding brought about by an activity performed with an interactive sundial in an informal learning environment. We investigated the ideas of 43 students from the seventh grade of middle school by applying a test with open questions before and after an activity with an analemmatic sundial, conducted by a monitor. A significant proportion of students were initially unaware of most of the phenomena treated. The intervention performed helped the students to assimilate new concepts, providing the contact with new phenomena and to a lesser degree, the development of explanations about them, indicating an educational potential of this action. However, the contribution to the understanding of some of the ideas explored was small, pointing to the need to make additional observations, studies and discussions. O movimento aparente do Sol na esfera celeste e o comportamento das sombras dos objetos com o passar do tempo são fenômenos observáveis no dia a dia. No entanto, muitas vezes os estudantes não possuem uma compreensão adequada de tais ocorrências, podendo inclusive exibir concepções alternativas a seu respeito. Por isso, efetuou-se uma pesquisa com o intuito de conhecer as noções dos alunos sobre esses temas e avaliar a contribuição para seu entendimento propiciada por uma atividade feita com um relógio de Sol interativo, em um ambiente de ensino informal. Foram investigadas as ideias de 43 alunos do sétimo ano do Ensino Fundamental mediante a aplicação de um teste com questões abertas antes e depois de uma atividade com um relógio de Sol

  8. Como ayudar a su hijo durante los primeros anos de la adolescencia: Para los padres con ninos entre las edades de 10 a 14 anos (Helping Your Child through Early Adolescence: For Parents of Children from 10 through 14).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulu, Nancy

    Recognizing that parents and families can greatly influence the development of their 10- through 14-year-olds, this Spanish-language booklet is part of a national effort to provide parents with the latest research and practical information to help them support their children both at home and in school. The booklet is organized in 13 sections…

  9. Symptoms and reason for a medical visit in lung cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez-Barcala, Francisco Javier; Falagan, José Antonio; Garcia-Prim, Jose Maria; Valdes, Luis; Carreira, Jose Martin; Pose, Antonio; Canive, Juan Carlos; Anton, Diana; Garcia-Sanz, Maria Teresa; Puga, Amalia; Temes, Enrique; Lopez-Lopes, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Contexto: A Os doentes com o diagnóstico de cancro do pulmão estão habitualmente sintomáticos no momento do diagnóstico, sendo comum que o médico ou o doente não associem essa sintomatologia com a eventualidade de um tumor maligno. Objectivos: Este estudo teve como objectivo a análise dos sintomas de doentes com cancro do pulmão e sua relação com as características pessoais ou com a doença oncológica. Material e Métodos: Foi levado a cabo um estudo retrospectivo englobando todos os doentes com o diagnóstico de cancro do pulmão na Região de Saúde de Pontevedra (Espanha) ao longo de um período de três anos. São analisados os sintomas de apresentação do doente, o motivo de consulta e a concordância entre ambos ou com quaisquer factores correlacionados. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 358 doentes, com uma média etária de 68,7 anos, sendo 87% dos doentes do sexo masculino. Os sintomas iniciais mais comuns foram sintomas constitucionais em 30,4% dos casos, tosse em 20,9% e dor torácica, descrita por 12% dos doentes. O motivo de consulta mais frequente foi dispneia em 22,1% dos doentes, um achado acidental em 15,4% dos doentes e hemoptise em 12,8%. Observou-se uma associação moderada (coeficiente de correlação = 0,495) entre os sintomas iniciais e o motivo de consulta. Conclusões: Uma elevada percentagem de doentes com um diagnóstico de cancro do pulmão apresentou sintomas associados com o tumor no momento do diagnóstico, mesmo num estadio inicial da doença.

  10. Desafios que Enfrentaran las Administraciones Universitarias en los Proximos Anos (Challenges for University Administration in the Years Ahead).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valle, Victor M.

    Ten important issues surround the challenges that Latin American university administrations will face in the near future. Those issues are: (1) the importance of administration to higher education and the need for analyzing situations, resolving problems, making decisions, and communicating at all administrative levels; (2) the uniqueness of…

  11. El curriculo creativo para ninos de cero a tres anos (The Creative Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombro, Amy Laura; Colker, Laura J.; Dodge, Diane Trister

    Stemming from the core idea that infant and toddler care should be based on building relationships, this curriculum in Spanish-language version provides a foundation for staff development. Section 1, "Why a Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers?" examines key quality indicators, discusses curriculum components, describes how to use the…

  12. Soy Tu Hijo: Los Primeros Anos Marcan Para Siempre (I Am Your Child: The First Years Last Forever). [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiner Foundation, Washington, DC.

    New research in brain development reveals the vital importance of the relationship between caregiver and child in the critical first years of life. This Spanish-language video explores the role of parents in stimulating early childhood development. The 28-minute video discusses: (1) attachment and the role of touch in creating a bond between…

  13. Mechanism of allosteric activation of TMEM16A/ANO1 channels by a commonly used chloride channel blocker

    PubMed Central

    Ta, Chau M; Adomaviciene, Aiste; Rorsman, Nils J G; Garnett, Hannah

    2016-01-01

    Background and Purpose Calcium‐activated chloride channels (CaCCs) play varied physiological roles and constitute potential therapeutic targets for conditions such as asthma and hypertension. TMEM16A encodes a CaCC. CaCC pharmacology is restricted to compounds with relatively low potency and poorly defined selectivity. Anthracene‐9‐carboxylic acid (A9C), an inhibitor of various chloride channel types, exhibits complex effects on native CaCCs and cloned TMEM16A channels providing both activation and inhibition. The mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully defined. Experimental Approach Patch‐clamp electrophysiology in conjunction with concentration jump experiments was employed to define the mode of interaction of A9C with TMEM16A channels. Key Results In the presence of high intracellular Ca2+, A9C inhibited TMEM16A currents in a voltage‐dependent manner by entering the channel from the outside. A9C activation, revealed in the presence of submaximal intracellular Ca2+ concentrations, was also voltage‐dependent. The electric distance of A9C inhibiting and activating binding site was ~0.6 in each case. Inhibition occurred according to an open‐channel block mechanism. Activation was due to a dramatic leftward shift in the steady‐state activation curve and slowed deactivation kinetics. Extracellular A9C competed with extracellular Cl−, suggesting that A9C binds deep in the channel's pore to exert both inhibiting and activating effects. Conclusions and Implications A9C is an open TMEM16A channel blocker and gating modifier. These effects require A9C to bind to a region within the pore that is accessible from the extracellular side of the membrane. These data will aid the future drug design of compounds that selectively activate or inhibit TMEM16A channels. PMID:26562072

  14. Informacion Bibliografica: Ano 3, Num. 9, Enero-Febrero, 1972 (Bibliographic Information: Volume 3, Number 9, January-February 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez Martinez, Antonio L., Ed.

    This bulletin contains several articles on various topics concerning information science. The first article is a report on the November 1971 Seminar on Documentation and Pedagogical Information in Latin America held in Panama. The second article, entitled "Informatica," provides a discussion of information science by three Soviet writers;…

  15. Multi-Informant Assessment of Anxiety regarding Ano-Genital Examinations for Suspected Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scribano, Philip V.; Hornor, Gail; Rhoda, Dale; Curran, Sherry; Stevens, Jack

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Given the commonly held belief that physical examinations for child sexual abuse (CSA) are very distressing, our primary objective was to evaluate anxiety during these assessments using the Multidimensional Anxiety Score for Children (MASC-10). A second objective was to compare self-reported anxiety to parental report using the MASC-10…

  16. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano VI, No. 10/11 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume VI, No. 10/11).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  17. El curriculo creativo para ninos de cero a tres anos (The Creative Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombro, Amy Laura; Colker, Laura J.; Dodge, Diane Trister

    Stemming from the core idea that infant and toddler care should be based on building relationships, this curriculum in Spanish-language version provides a foundation for staff development. Section 1, "Why a Curriculum for Infants and Toddlers?" examines key quality indicators, discusses curriculum components, describes how to use the…

  18. Incidence of ano-genital and head and neck malignancies in women with a previous diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

    PubMed

    Gaudet, Marc; Hamm, Jeremy; Aquino-Parsons, Christina

    2014-09-01

    The objective of this study was to determine if women with a history of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia grades 2 and 3 (CIN2 and CIN3) are at increased long-term risk for developing non-cervix HPV-related malignancies. Women diagnosed with CIN2 or CIN3 between 1980 and 2005 were identified from the British Columbia (BC) Cancer Agency Cervical Cancer Screening Program's database. These patients' records were then cross-referenced with the BC Cancer Registry for diagnosis of vulvar, vaginal, anal or head and neck (HN) cancers during the period subsequent to their diagnosis of CIN. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were generated according to expected rates of each cancer. 54,320 women with a diagnosis of CIN2 or CIN3 were identified between 1985 and 2005. The crude incidence rate for non-cervix HPV-related cancers was 35.4 per 100,000 person-years (8.6 for vagina, 17.6 for vulva, 3.7 for anal canal and 5.5 for HN). The SIR was 1.9 (95% CI 1.3-2.7) for all non-cervix cancers, 6.7 (95% CI: 3.0-12.8) for vagina, 2.9 (95% CI: 1.7-4.6) for vulva, 1.8 (95% CI: 0.4-4.7) for anal canal, and 0.6 (95% CI: 0.2-1.4) for HN. There were statistically significant increases in anal cancers for years 5-9 and in HN cancers for years 0.5-5. BC women with a history of CIN2 or CIN3 are at relatively high risk of developing non-cervical HPV-related malignancies. The findings of this study suggest that interventions such as vaccination against high-risk HPV or long-term screening for these other cancers should be evaluated. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. America o Aztlan? Los Chicanos En El Ano 2001 (America or Aztalan? Chicanos in the year 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Ortego y Gasca, Felipe

    The future, more than any time in the past, will require of Chicanos a collective effort if they are to preserve their legacy of language and culture for their children. To prepare for the year 2001, Chicanos should be aware of future concerns and take action to address them. Chicanos could best realize national visibility and importance by…

  20. Multi-Informant Assessment of Anxiety regarding Ano-Genital Examinations for Suspected Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scribano, Philip V.; Hornor, Gail; Rhoda, Dale; Curran, Sherry; Stevens, Jack

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Given the commonly held belief that physical examinations for child sexual abuse (CSA) are very distressing, our primary objective was to evaluate anxiety during these assessments using the Multidimensional Anxiety Score for Children (MASC-10). A second objective was to compare self-reported anxiety to parental report using the MASC-10…

  1. Boletin Estadistico de la Educacion: Ano VI, No. 1 (Statistical Bulletin on Education: Volume VI, No. 1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerio de Educacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Oficina de Planeamiento Integral de la Educacion.

    This booklet presents statistics concerning primary education in Guatemala. The first section covers enrollment, considering such factors as type of school and location. Other sections provide statistics on teachers, their locations, the number of schools, enrollment in terms of students repeating grades or leaving school, students advancing out…

  2. Impact of preoperative analytical values on post-operative mortality rate of intertrochanteric fractures.

    PubMed

    Borges, Ana; Torres, João; São Simão, Ricardo; Cabral, Abel Trigo; Pinto, Rui

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A incidência das fraturas intertrocantéricas tem aumentado ao longo dos últimos anos, bem como todos os problemas a elas associados. É importante pesquisar possíveis formas de reduzir quer co-morbilidades, quer a mortalidade pós-operatória. Decidimos avaliar o impacto de alguns valores analíticos pré-operatórios na mortalidade pós-operatória de doentes com fractura intertrocantérica, com idade igual ou superior a 65 anos.Material e Métodos: De todas as fracturas intertrocantéricas admitidas entre Janeiro de 2007 e Maio 2012, 160 doentes foram incluídos no estudo. As variáveis estudadas foram idade, género, tempo de internamento, e dados analíticos, como hemoglobina, contagem de leucócitos e plaquetas, níveis de ureia e creatinina e concentração de sódio plasmática. Informação relativa à mortalidade foi obtida através do registo civil e, considerando um ponto de corte de seis meses após a cirurgia, os doentes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com a sua sobrevida. Os testes de Mann-Whitney e Chi-quadrado foram utilizados para estudar a associação entre as nossas variáveis e a sobrevida dos doentes.Resultados: A nossa população apresentava uma idade mediana de 82 anos de idade e uma maioria de mulheres (79,4%). Nos primeiros 6 meses após a cirurgia, 27 doentes dos iniciais 160 (16,1%) faleceram. A mortalidade estava relacionada com valores baixos de hemoglobina, elevados de plaquetas, elevados de creatinina e baixa concentração de sódio plasmático.Conclusão: A taxa de mortalidade pos-operatória da cirurgia da anca é elevada. Os nossos resultados podem ser utilizados parareduzir esta taxa, corrigindo valores analíticos pré-operatórios.

  3. Cost-effectiveness of screening for anal cancer using regular digital ano-rectal examinations in men who have sex with men living with HIV

    PubMed Central

    Ong, Jason J; Fairley, Christopher K; Carroll, Susan; Walker, Sandra; Chen, Marcus; Read, Tim; Grulich, Andrew; Bradshaw, Catriona; Kaldor, John; Clarke, Philip

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Anal cancer in men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV is an important issue but there are no consistent guidelines for how to screen for this cancer. In settings where screening with anal cytology is unavailable, regular anal examinations have been proposed in some guidelines but their cost-effectiveness is unknown. Methods Our objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of regular anal examinations to screen for anal cancer in HIV-positive MSM living in Australia using a probabilistic Markov model. Data sources were based on the medical literature and a clinical trial of HIV-positive MSM receiving an annual anal examination in Australia. The main outcome measures for calculating effectiveness were undiscounted and discounted (at 3%) lifetime costs, life years gained, quality-adjusted life years (QALY) gained and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Results Base-case analysis estimated the average cost of screening for and management of anal cancer ranged from $195 for no screening to $1,915 for lifetime annual screening of men aged ≥ 50. Screening of men aged ≥ 50 generated ICERs of $29,760 per QALY gained (for screening every four years), $32,222 (every three years) and $45,484 (every two years). Uncertainty for ICERs was mostly influenced by the cost (financially and decrease in quality of life) from a false-positive result, progression rate of anal cancer, specificity of the anal examination, the probability of detection outside a screening program and the discount rate. Conclusions Screening for anal cancer by incorporating regular anal examinations into routine HIV care for MSM aged ≥ 50 is most likely to be cost-effective by conventional standards. Given that anal pap smears are not widely available yet in many clinical settings, regular anal exams for MSM living with HIV to detect anal cancer earlier should be implemented. PMID:26942721

  4. "Cien Anos de Soledad" y el concepto de la "Caida Afortunada" ("One Hundred Years of Solitude" and the Concept of the "Fortunate Fall")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dario Carrillo, German; Stults, Barry

    1972-01-01

    Shows the influence of R.W.B. Lewis' work about the fall of Adam on the Marquez novel. Marquez' view coincides with Lewis' that Adam's fall should be considered not as a lapse from divine favor, but as an actual rise to the normal human level. (DS)

  5. A Parent's Guide to Infant/Toddler Programs = Guia para los padres sobre los programas de cuidado infantil de 0-3 anos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Dombro, Amy Laura; Colker, Laura J.

    Information on how warm and responsive care can help shape infants' and toddlers' development and their ability to learn can be reassuring for concerned parents. This guide, in English and Spanish versions, presents quality child care as a partnership between the child caregiver and the parents with the primary goal of benefiting the child. The…

  6. Ano-genital human papillomavirus type 97 infection is detected in Canadian men but not women at risk or infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.

    PubMed

    Landry, Marie-Eve; Salit, Irving E; Rodrigues-Coutlée, Catherine; Money, Deborah; Rebbapragada, Anu; Tinmouth, Jill; Hankins, Catherine; Gorska-Flipot, Isabelle; Archambault, Jacques; Franco, Eduardo L; Coutlée, François

    2012-10-23

    Human papillomavirus type 97 (HPV97) DNA was detected in nearly 5% of anal samples collected from HIV-seropositive men living in Montreal, Canada. The rate of detection of HPV97 in the genital tract of Canadian women is unknown. Whether HPV97 is a local epidemic in HIV-seropositive men living in Montreal is also unknown. The prevalence of human papillomavirus type 97 (HPV97) was assessed in cervicovaginal cells from women living in Canada and in anal samples from HIV-seropositive men living in Toronto. Cervicovaginal lavages collected from 904 women (678 HIV-seropositive, 226 HIV-seronegative) women living in Canada and anal cells collected from 123 HIV-seropositive men living in Toronto were tested for the presence of HPV97 with PCR. HPV97-positive samples were further tested by PCR-sequencing for molecular variant analysis to assess if all HPV97-positive men were infected with the same strain. All cervicovaginal samples were negative for HPV97. HPV97 was detected in anal samples from 6 HIV-seropositive men (4.9%, 95% confidence interval 2.0-10.5%), of whom five had high-grade and one had low-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia, in addition to 2 to 8 HPV genital genotypes per sample. Four HPV97 variants were defined by four variation sites in the viral control region. These findings indicate that HPV97 infects in the anal canal of HIV-seropositive men but is not detected in the genital tract of women.

  7. Ano-genital human papillomavirus type 97 infection is detected in Canadian men but not women at risk or infected with the human immunodeficiency virus

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Human papillomavirus type 97 (HPV97) DNA was detected in nearly 5% of anal samples collected from HIV-seropositive men living in Montreal, Canada. The rate of detection of HPV97 in the genital tract of Canadian women is unknown. Whether HPV97 is a local epidemic in HIV-seropositive men living in Montreal is also unknown. The prevalence of human papillomavirus type 97 (HPV97) was assessed in cervicovaginal cells from women living in Canada and in anal samples from HIV-seropositive men living in Toronto. Findings Cervicovaginal lavages collected from 904 women (678 HIV-seropositive, 226 HIV-seronegative) women living in Canada and anal cells collected from 123 HIV-seropositive men living in Toronto were tested for the presence of HPV97 with PCR. HPV97-positive samples were further tested by PCR-sequencing for molecular variant analysis to assess if all HPV97-positive men were infected with the same strain. All cervicovaginal samples were negative for HPV97. HPV97 was detected in anal samples from 6 HIV-seropositive men (4.9%, 95% confidence interval 2.0-10.5%), of whom five had high-grade and one had low-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia, in addition to 2 to 8 HPV genital genotypes per sample. Four HPV97 variants were defined by four variation sites in the viral control region. Conclusion These findings indicate that HPV97 infects in the anal canal of HIV-seropositive men but is not detected in the genital tract of women. PMID:23092191

  8. La Educacion en America Latina y El Caribe Durante Los Proximos 25 Anos. (Education in Latin America and the Caribbean during the Next 25 Years.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roggi, Luis Osvaldo, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    The nine papers appearing in this document review both limitations and progress in education in Latin America, study the future of education in Latin America and the Caribbean, and make recommendations to the Regional Program for Educational Development (PREDE). There is, in addition, a lengthy transcription of a discussion, among eight of the…

  9. Indice Bibliografico Ciencias de la Educacion. Ano 1988. Volume II No. 1. (Bibliographic Index of the Education Sciences. 1988. Volume II No.1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centro de Investigacion, Madrid (Spain). Servicio de Documentacion.

    Published quarterly, this annotated bibliography indexes articles from scholarly Spanish journals, as well as significant foreign journals, considered important in the field of education. References are organized alphabetically according to subject and within each subject by number, author, and content. A users' information description is provided…

  10. Me escuchas? Como conversar con ninos de cuatro a doce anos (Are You Listening to Me? Communicating with Children from Four to Twelve Years Old).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delfos, Martine F.

    Although talking to children is a daily activity for almost everyone at some stage in one's life and an essential activity for professionals who work with children, there is little research on activity. This Spanish-language book describes communication with children between the ages of 4 and 12 years, focusing on open question-and-answer sessions…

  11. Sugerencias para la Evolucion del Desarrollo: 0-5 Anos (Stages for the Development of Discovery [Learning in] 0-5 Year-Olds).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organization of American States, Washington, DC.

    Some points that may serve as a foundation of experience and reference in the stimulation of mentally retarded children during the years of one through five are presented. Points of development are given for the following breakdowns of time: three months, six months, nine months, 12 months, 18 months, two years, three years, four years, and five…

  12. La Educacion Especial para Ninos con Impedimentos Desde Recien Nacidos Hasta Cinco Anos de Edad = Special Education for Handicapped Children Birth to Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

    The manual, in Spanish, describes programs and resources available for preschool handicapped children and their families in conjunction with the New York State Education Department. Section 1 on assistance in securing services, reviews the service provided by Early Childhood Direction Centers, and outlines the role of local Committees on the…

  13. La investigacion sobre la calidad de los programas para ninos de hasta dos anos de edad (Research on Quality in Infant-Toddler Programs). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    Concern about the quality of infant-toddler care programs has grown recently in response to two factors. The first is the need of employed parents for such care, and the second is research emphasizing the importance of brain development in the early years. This Spanish-language Digest introduces some of the many issues related to the quality of…

  14. La Educacion Especial para Ninos con Impedimentos Desde Recien Nacidos Hasta Cinco Anos de Edad = Special Education for Handicapped Children Birth to Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

    The manual, in Spanish, describes programs and resources available for preschool handicapped children and their families in conjunction with the New York State Education Department. Section 1 on assistance in securing services, reviews the service provided by Early Childhood Direction Centers, and outlines the role of local Committees on the…

  15. La Educacion en America Latina y El Caribe Durante Los Proximos 25 Anos. (Education in Latin America and the Caribbean during the Next 25 Years.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roggi, Luis Osvaldo, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    The nine papers appearing in this document review both limitations and progress in education in Latin America, study the future of education in Latin America and the Caribbean, and make recommendations to the Regional Program for Educational Development (PREDE). There is, in addition, a lengthy transcription of a discussion, among eight of the…

  16. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract plus a bioprosthetic anal fistula plug (LIFT-Plug): a new technique for fistula-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Han, J G; Yi, B Q; Wang, Z J; Zheng, Y; Cui, J J; Yu, X Q; Zhao, B C; Yang, X Q

    2013-05-01

    Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract and reinforcement with a bioprosthetic graft are two recently reported procedures that have shown promise in the treatment of anal fistula. This study was undertaken to validate combining ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract plus bioprosthetic anal fistula plug and report our preliminary results and experience. Twenty-one patients with transsphincteric anal fistula were treated with ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract plus concurrent bioprosthetic plug of the anal fistula. We evaluated healing time, fistula closure rate and postoperative anal function according to the Wexner continence score. No mortality or major complications were observed. Median operative time was 20 (range 15-40) min. After a median follow-up of 14 (range 12-15) months, the overall success rate was 95% (20/21), with a median healing time of 2 (range 2-3) weeks for external anal fistula opening and 4 (range 3-7) weeks for intersphincteric groove incision. Only 1 (5%) patient reported rare incontinence for gas postoperatively (Wexner score 1). Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract plus a bioprosthetic anal fistula plug is an easy, safe, effective and useful alternative in the management of anal fistula. Further randomized controlled studies are necessary to better evaluate long-term results. © 2012 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2012 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.

  17. Indice Bibliografico Ciencias de la Educacion. Ano 1988. Volume II No. 1. (Bibliographic Index of the Education Sciences. 1988. Volume II No.1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centro de Investigacion, Madrid (Spain). Servicio de Documentacion.

    Published quarterly, this annotated bibliography indexes articles from scholarly Spanish journals, as well as significant foreign journals, considered important in the field of education. References are organized alphabetically according to subject and within each subject by number, author, and content. A users' information description is provided…

  18. 1990: Ano Internacional de la alfabetizacion: Acciones sugeridas para America Latina y el Caribe = 1990 International Literacy Year: Suggested Actions for Latin America and the Caribbean.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Michoacan (Mexico). Regional Office for Educ. in Latin America & Caribbean.

    This booklet discusses the needs for literacy education in Latin America and the Caribbean during International Literacy Year. Particular focus is on the objectives of International Literacy Year and suggested actions are provided in the four following areas: (1) operative strategies for the realization of the International Literacy Year,…

  19. Co-operativity among defect sites in AnO2+ and An4O9 (An = U, Np or Pu)

    SciTech Connect

    Andersson, Anders David; Lezama Pacheco, Juan; Uberuaga, Blas P; Conradson, Steven D

    2008-01-01

    Actinide dioxides derived from the AnO{sub 2} fluorite lattice are of high technological relevance due to their application in nuclear reactor fuels. Oxidation of AnO{sub 2} compounds emerges as a central theme in fuel fabrication, reactor operation, long-term storage forms for both spent fuels and surplus weapons materials, and environmental actinide migration. In this paper, we use density functional theory calculations to study the oxidation of uranium, neptunium and plutonium dioxides, AnO{sub 2} (An = U, Np or Pu), in O{sub 2} and O{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O environments. We pay particular attention to the formation of oxygen clusters (co-operativity) in AnO{sub 2+x} and how this phenomenon govern oxidation thermodynamics and the development of ordered An{sub 4}O{sub 9} compounds. The so-called split di-interstitial, which is composed of two nearest neighbor octahedral oxygen interstitials that are distorted in such a way that they dislocate one regular fluorite lattice oxygen ion to form a cluster of triangular geometry, is predicted to be the fundamental building block of the most stable cluster configurations. We also identify how the formation of oxygen defect clusters and the degree of oxidation in AnO{sub 2+x} are both governed by the characer of the An-5f to excess O-2p charger transfer, i.e. the charge transfer to the O-2p orbitals of the interstitial-like (+x) ions, and the ability of the excess O-2p orbitals to hybridize with regular fluorite lattice ions.

  20. 1,6-anhydro-2, 3-di-O-benzyl-5C-[(R)-ethoxycarbonyl(hydroxy)methyl]-beta-L-altrofur ano se.

    PubMed

    Taillefumier, C; Charron, C; Chapleur, Y; Aubry, A

    2000-09-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, C(24)H(28)O(8), has been determined. The conformation of the furanose ring can be described as 58% ideal envelope (O)E conformer and 42% ideal twisted (O)T(1) conformer. The 1,3-dioxane ring adopts a chair conformation with the anhydro-O atom pointing upwards. Both phenyl rings are quasi-perpendicular to the mean plane of the furanose ring. The hydrogen bonding is intermolecular and consists of infinite chains parallel to the a axis.

  1. Molecular Confirmation of Anopheles (Anopheles) lesteri from the Republic of South Korea and its Genetic Identity with An. (Ano.) anthropophagus from China (Diptera: Culicidae)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-08

    genus Anopheles (Beebe et al. 1999; Fritz 1998; Marinucci et al. 1999; Paskewitz et al. 1993; Wilkerson et al. In press). Morphological...Control Association, 16, 189- 198. Marinucci , M., Romi, R., Mancini, P., Di, L.M. & Severini, C. (1999) Phylogenetic relationships of seven

  2. 1990: Ano Internacional de la alfabetizacion: Acciones sugeridas para America Latina y el Caribe = 1990 International Literacy Year: Suggested Actions for Latin America and the Caribbean.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Michoacan (Mexico). Regional Office for Educ. in Latin America & Caribbean.

    This booklet discusses the needs for literacy education in Latin America and the Caribbean during International Literacy Year. Particular focus is on the objectives of International Literacy Year and suggested actions are provided in the four following areas: (1) operative strategies for the realization of the International Literacy Year,…

  3. Guia para la ensenanza de la Lengua Nacional (segundo ano) (A Guide to the Teaching of the National Language (second year).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional de Pedagogia (Mexico).

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1500 words) of a guide based on the results of experiments conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Pedagogia in its pilot school and other schools in Mexico, D. F. The foreword points out that there are two aspects of language teaching in elementary schools--the first year class to read…

  4. Financial Aid for Students Workbook, 1994-95 School Year = Ayuda Financiera para Estudiantes, Libreta del Ano Escolar 1994-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Student Aid Commission, Sacramento.

    Presented in both English and Spanish language formats, this workbook explains how California residents can qualify for and obtain student financial aid in the form of federal and state grants and loans, work-study programs, institutional grants, federal campus-based programs, and the Federal Family Education Loan Program loans. A calendar of…

  5. Guia para la ensenanza de la Lengua Nacional (segundo ano) (A Guide to the Teaching of the National Language (second year).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional de Pedagogia (Mexico).

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1500 words) of a guide based on the results of experiments conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Pedagogia in its pilot school and other schools in Mexico, D. F. The foreword points out that there are two aspects of language teaching in elementary schools--the first year class to read…

  6. "Cien Anos de Soledad" y el concepto de la "Caida Afortunada" ("One Hundred Years of Solitude" and the Concept of the "Fortunate Fall")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dario Carrillo, German; Stults, Barry

    1972-01-01

    Shows the influence of R.W.B. Lewis' work about the fall of Adam on the Marquez novel. Marquez' view coincides with Lewis' that Adam's fall should be considered not as a lapse from divine favor, but as an actual rise to the normal human level. (DS)

  7. Literacy Learning Parties for 3-5 Year Olds. Activity Book = Fiestas de aprendizaje de alfabetismo para ninos de 3-5 anos. Libro de actividades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Ellen R.

    Noting that family members are a child's first teachers and set the course for future success, this activity book of "literacy learning parties" presents 10 activities that can be used at home to practice the skills and ideas learned at parent literacy workshops. Presented in English and Spanish versions, the activity book discusses the importance…

  8. Guia para Padres Intervencion Temprana en Pennsylvania para Bebes desde el Nacimiento a los Tres Anos (A Parent Guide to Early Intervention in Pennsylvania for Infants and Toddlers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parent Education Network, York, PA.

    This guide, in Spanish, is intended to help Pennsylvania parents of infants and toddlers with disabilities to understand their rights and assist in the design of an appropriate early intervention preschool educational program. An overview of special education laws focus on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Parts B and C. The main…

  9. Swath Bathymetry Surveys of the Monterey Bay Area from Point Ano Nuevo to Moss Landing, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, and Monterey Counties, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ritchie, Andrew C.; Finlayson, David P.; Logan, Joshua B.

    2010-01-01

    This report describes swath bathymetry and backscatter data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the continental shelf within the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary between Point A?o Nuevo and Moss Landing, in San Mateo, Santa Cruz, and Monterey Counties, Calif. The survey was done for the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), in field activities S-7-09-MB and S-10-09-MB, by the Western Coastal and Marine Geology (WCMG) Team of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The data were aquired in two seperate surveys: (1) between August 13, 2009 and September 3, 2009, personnel from WCMG completed field activity S-7-09-MB, from Point A?o Nuevo south to Table Rock, as well as a block west of Soquel Canyon; (2) between October 12 and December 16, 2009, WCMG conducted field activity S-10-09-MB, surveying between Table Rock and Moss Landing.

  10. Literacy Learning Parties for 3-5 Year Olds. Activity Book = Fiestas de aprendizaje de alfabetismo para ninos de 3-5 anos. Libro de actividades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Ellen R.

    Noting that family members are a child's first teachers and set the course for future success, this activity book of "literacy learning parties" presents 10 activities that can be used at home to practice the skills and ideas learned at parent literacy workshops. Presented in English and Spanish versions, the activity book discusses the importance…

  11. Ministerio da Educacao e Cultura. Trinta Anos de Organizacao e Situacao Atual (Ministry of Education and Culture [Brazil]. Thirty Years Ago and Now). Volumes I and III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porto, Norma Carneiro Monteiro

    The economic rather than the educational aspect of Brazil's Ministry of Education and Culture is presented in this historical summary. The study was done as part of Brazil's national program of educational reform. Brazil is currently re-evaluating its school system with the view of adopting a nationally-administered system similar to that in…

  12. Coping strategies of nurses in the care of patients with head and neck neoplasms.

    PubMed

    Santos, Naira Agostini Rodrigues Dos; Santos, Antonio Tadeu Cheriff Dos; Silva, Rildo Pereira da

    2016-01-01

    To understand and describe the experience of the development of coping strategies during the professional life of nurses providing care to patients with facial image alteration. Descriptive qualitative study with a hermeneutic-dialectic framework conducted in the head and neck ward of a reference hospital in Rio de Janeiro, with the participation of eight nurses and data produced through semi-structured interviews conducted between June and August 2013. Three major impressions were found: initial estrangement and complexity, consisting in the care given to patients with facial image alteration; a threshold between estrangement and coping, corresponding to the emergence of coping strategies during care; and image-likeness as a (re)cognition of the individual with facial image alteration in the development and consolidation of coping strategies during care. Among other contributions, the identification and understanding of coping strategies may contribute to better qualify nursing education and care. Compreender e descrever a experiência de desenvolvimento de estratégias de enfrentamento durante a vida profissional de enfermeiras no cuidado aos pacientes com imagem facial alterada. Pesquisa qualitativa descritiva, com referencial hermenêutico-dialético, realizada na Seção de Cabeça e Pescoço de um hospital de referência do Rio de Janeiro, com participação de oito enfermeiras e dados produzidos por meio de entrevista semiestruturada entre junho e agosto de 2013. Emergiram três amplos sentidos: estranhamento e complexidade iniciais, que constituem o cuidado ao paciente com imagem facial alterada; limiar entre estranhamento e enfrentamento, correspondendo à emersão das estratégias de enfrentamento durante o cuidado; e imagem-semelhança como (re)conhecimento da pessoa com imagem facial alterada no desenvolvimento e na consolidação das estratégias de enfrentamento durante o cuidado. Entre outras contribuições, a identificação e a compreensão das

  13. Social inequality in health: revisiting moments and trends in 50 years of publication of RSP.

    PubMed

    Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo

    2017-03-23

    This study describes the frequency and types of articles on social inequalities in health published in 50 years of the Revista de Saúde Pública, taking as reference some milestones that were used as guidelines to develop the research on this theme. Checking titles, keywords and abstracts or full texts, we identified 288 articles whose central or secondary focus was social inequalities in health. Corresponding to just 1.8% in the initial years, articles on social inequalities in health have represent 10.1% of the articles published in the last decade. The designs used were mainly cross-sectional (58.0%) and ecological (18.1%). The most analyzed themes were: food/nutrition (20.8%), mortality (13.5%), infectious diseases (10.1%), oral health (9.0%), and health services (8.7%). Articles focused on the analysis of racial inequalities in health amounted to 6.9%. Few articles monitored the trends of social inequalities in health, essential enterprise to assess and support interventions, and an even smaller number evaluated the impact of policies and programs on the reduction of social inequalities in health. RESUMO Este estudo descreve a frequência e os tipos de artigos sobre desigualdades sociais em saúde publicados nos 50 anos da Revista de Saúde Pública, tomando por referência alguns marcos que balizaram o desenvolvimento das investigações nessa temática. Checando títulos, palavras-chave e resumos ou textos completos, foram identificados 288 artigos cujo foco central ou secundário era desigualdades sociais em saúde. Correspondendo a apenas 1,8% nos anos iniciais, artigos sobre desigualdades sociais em saúde chegaram a representar 10,1% dos publicados na última década. Os desenhos utilizados foram principalmente transversais (58,0%) e ecológicos espaciais (18,1%). Os temas mais analisados foram: alimentação/nutrição (20,8%), mortalidade (13,5%), doenças infecciosas (10,1%), saúde bucal (9,0%) e serviços de saúde (8,7%). Artigos voltados à an

  14. Diferentes metodologias aplicadas ao ensino de astronomia no Ensino Médio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, E.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2009-03-01

    O presente trabalho de intervenção foi realizado junto à Escola Estadual Colònia dos Pescadores na cidade de Caraguatatuba, com très turmas do terceiro ano do Ensino Médio, envolvendo 119 alunos com idades entre 16 e 19 anos. A fase inicial foi composta de um questionário de vinte questíes dissertativas e objetivas, aplicado pelo professor titular da sala, que era o mesmo nas très turmas, para diagnosticar nos educandos os conceitos prévios sobre Astronomia e, partindo destes realizar um trabalho de intervenção nas classes envolvidas utilizando, em cada uma, metodologias diferentes: (A) sob forma de seminários, elaborados e apresentados pelos educandos, no qual o educador faz apenas as intervençíes necessárias; (B) de forma tradicional, com auxílio de multimídias para desenvolvimento das aulas e a terceira (C) tradicional, fazendo uso exclusivo de lousa e giz. Ao final do trabalho os alunos responderam novamente o questionário inicial para diagnosticar dentre as très metodologias utilizadas qual apresentou melhores aplicaçíes, os resultados iniciais foram comparados com os finais. Quando questionados a respeito do significado de Astronomia observou-se inicialmente que os acertos na turma A foram de 100%, turma B: 64%, turma C: 84%, após a intervenção os acertos foram: 100%, 97% e 85% respectivamente, demonstrando que houve um avanço significativo na turma B, a turma A manteve seu índice e a turma C evoluiu, porém não tanto quanto a B. Quando interrogados sobre quantos planetas vocè acha que existem em nosso Sistema Solar? os acertos foram: turma A: 39%, turma B: 48% e turma C: 46%, após o desenvolvimento do trabalho os acertos foram 94%, 97% e 90% respectivamente. Dentro das respostas obtidas observa-se que a metodologia tradicional com o auxílio de multimeios, aplicada na turma B, demonstrou melhores resultados, sendo a mais significativa. Outra conclusão muito importante é que apesar de o tema Astronomia ser amplamente

  15. On Ensino da Astronomia no Ensino Médio sob Diferentes Abordagens Metodológicas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Albrecht, Evonir

    2011-12-01

    O presente trabalho, sobre a intervenção de metodologias de ensino, foi desenvolvido na Escola Estadual Colônia dos Pescadores, na cidade de Caraguatatuba - SP, em três turmas do terceiro ano do Ensino Médio, perfazendo um total de 119 educandos, entre 16 e 19 anos. Antes de iniciar-se a intervenção, um questionário de vinte perguntas objetivas e dissertativas foi desenvolvido, aplicado pelo professor da classe, que ministrou as aulas correspondentes. Este questionário foi o mesmo em todas as três classes com o objetivo de diagnosticar o conhecimento prévio dos alunos sobre Astronomia. Começando a intervenção nas turmas, o professor envolvido usou três diferentes metodologias de ensino: (A) em forma de seminários, elaborados e apresentados pelos alunos, nos quais o professor fazia apenas as intervenções necessárias, (B) na forma tradicional, com a ajuda de multimídia para o desenvolvimento das aulas e a terceira (C) a tradicional, fazendo uso exclusivo de lousa e giz. No final do trabalho os alunos responderam o mesmo questionário novamente, de modo que os três métodos utilizados puderam ser comparados. Os resultados apresentados após a intervenção foram melhores que os resultados iniciais indicando a ocorrência de uma aprendizagem significativa. Quando os estudantes foram inicialmente questionados sobre quantos planetas existem no nosso sistema solar, a classe A obteve 39% de respostas certas, a classe B 48% e a classe C 46%, mas após o desenvolvimento das atividades, as classes obtiveram respectivamente 94%, 97 % e 90% de aproveitamento. No término do bimestre, foi sugerido aos educandos que elaborassem uma história em quadrinhos, a qual serviu para averiguar se os conceitos inicialmente observados foram alterados e se novos foram agregados. A análise das histórias foi dividida em três partes: Criatividade; Temas abordados; Emprego correto dos conceitos estudados. Ao final quatorze histórias foram confeccionadas. O aprendizado

  16. [Teaching human anatomy to the graduation course in Health Sciences of the Lisbon University: five years of a new educational experience].

    PubMed

    Furtado, Ivo A; Gonçalves Ferreira, Ana D; Gonçalves Ferreira, António J

    2013-01-01

    Introdução/Objectivos: Os autores fazem o balanço dos primeiros cinco anos de ensino de Anatomia da Licenciatura em Ciências da Saúde da Universidade de Lisboa.Material e Métodos: Estudaram o desempenho de 408 alunos inscritos na Unidade Curricular de Anatomia (disciplina obrigatória do primeiro semestre) e 29 na Unidade Curricular de Neuroanatomia (disciplina opcional do sexto semestre). Realizaram a análise estatística pelos testes Anova e t de Student.Resultados e Discussão: Houve um afluxo crescente anual de alunos inscritos na Unidade Curricular de Anatomia, um número estável em Neuroanatomia, predomínio claro de alunos do sexo feminino, ratio docente/aluno variável entre 1/9 e 1/17 na Unidade Curricular de Anatomia e 1/8 na Unidade Curricular de Neuroanatomia; elevado número de desistências iniciais (15,69%) em Anatomia; níveis de aprovação de 95,93% na Unidade Curricular de Anatomia e de 100% em Neuroanatomia; tendência de melhoria verificada nos últimos dois anos, com significado estatístico na Unidade Curricular de Anatomia (p = 0,0001) e igual desempenho escolar de alunos de ambos os sexos; índices de satisfação dos alunos de Anatomia, Bom = 71% e Muito Bom = 8%; Neuroanatomia, classificaçãounânime pelos alunos = Muito Bom.Conclusões: Foi uma experiência pedagógica muito positiva. Os autores propõem: o estudo e a prevenção das causas da desistência inicial dos alunos que acedem ao curso, melhoria do ratio docente/discente, possível extensão a um segundo semestre da Unidade Curricular de Anatomia e melhoria das instalações que já estão em curso e que inclui a remodelação e a modernização do teatro anatómico do Instituto de Anatomia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa.

  17. [Skin cancer in kidney transplant recipients: incidence and association with clinical and demographic factors].

    PubMed

    Borges-Costa, João; Vasconcelos, João Pedro; Travassos, Ana Rita; Guerra, José; Santana, Alice; Weigert, André; Sacramento Marques, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Introdução/Objetivos: Os doentes transplantados têm maior risco de cancro cutâneo não melanoma, sobretudo basaliomas e carcinomas espinocelulares. Os objetivos do estudo foram determinar a incidência destas neoplasias numa série de doentes com transplante renal e pesquisar associações destas com variáveis clínicas e demográficas. Material e Métodos: Estudo prospetivo com observação dermatológica e entrevista a 127 doentes com transplante renal observados pela primeira vez no entre Julho de 2010 e Dezembro de 2011. Todos os tumores cutâneos diagnosticados tiveram confirmação histológica. Os testes utilizados foram os testes não paramétricos de Mann-Whitney, teste do Qui-quadrado e teste exato de Fisher, com um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A média de idades foi 53 anos (s = 12,98) e 67% (85 / 127) dos doentes eram do sexo masculino. A média de anos decorridos desde o transplante foi oito anos (s = 4,61) e no exame objetivo diagnosticou-se cancro cutâneo não melanoma em 16% (20 / 127) dos doentes, com igual número de basaliomas e carcinomas espinocelulares. Nas áreas fotoexpostas observaram-se queratoses actínicas e verrugas virais em, respetivamente, 24% (30 / 127) e 8% (10 / 127) dos doentes. O cancro cutâneo não melanoma diagnosticado no nosso estudo esteve significativamente associado a maior idade (p = 0,016), maior duração do período sob imunossupressão (p = 0,003), atividade laboral no passado ao ar livre (p = 0,049) e com queratoses actínicas nas áreas fotoexpostas (p < 0,001). O único fármaco associado a estes tumores nesta série foi a medicação atual com azatioprina (p = 0,035 no teste exato de Fischer). Conclusões: A incidência de cancro cutâneo é elevada na nossa série e estes doentes beneficiariam de educação sobre medidas de fotoproteção e seguimento dermatológico regular. Este seguimento aumenta a adesão dos doentes a essas medidas e permite reduzir a incidência destes tumores cut

  18. [Acute gastroenteritis by Cambylobacter spp: a retrospective study of a paediatric emergency department].

    PubMed

    Soares, Ana Teresa; Couto, Catarina; Romão, Patrícia; Melo, Isabel Saraiva de; Braga, Manuela; Diogo, José; Calhau, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A infeção por Campylobacter é a principal causa de gastroenterite aguda bacteriana pediátrica na União Europeia.Objetivos: Conhecer a prevalência de isolamento deste agente nas crianças admitidas na urgência com gastroenterite aguda que realizaram coprocultura, caracterizando a microbiologia, epidemiologia, clínica, terapêutica e complicações associadas.Material e Métodos: Casuística por consulta dos processos dos doentes admitidos na Urgência Pediátrica dum hospital distrital, durante 30 meses, com o diagnóstico de gastroenterite aguda e isolamento em coprocultura de Campylobacter.Resultados: Das 216 coproculturas efetuadas, 98 (45%) foram positivas. Identificámos Campylobacter spp. em 49 (50%) doentes. Destes, 30 (61%) eram do género feminino. A mediana de idades foi 23 meses. Catorze doentes tinham idade inferior a um ano, 25 entre um e cinco anos e 10 idade superior a cinco anos. Verificámos diarreia aquosa em cinco (10%) doentes, diarreia com sangue em 44 (90%), sangue e muco em 14 (29%), febre em 23 (47%), dor abdominal em 14 (29%) e vómitos em 11 (22%). Registámos um caso de sépsis. Internámos cinco doentes. Oito doentes foram medicados com azitromicina.Discussão: Esta é a maior casuística nacional publicada de gastroenterite aguda a Campylobacter em idade pediátrica e a primeira no sul do país. Campylobacter foi a principal bactéria identificada, associada maioritariamente a doença auto-limitada. Contudo, há a considerar formas de infeção graves. O aumento da resistência às quinolonas é preocupante.Conclusão: A utilização criteriosa da coprocultura permite a identificação etiológica na gastrenterite aguda bacteriana. O crescente aumento dos casos de Campylobacter diagnosticados reforça a necessidade de maior controlo das medidas de higiene na manipulação dos alimentos.

  19. ENDOSCOPIC SLEEVE GASTROPLASTY FOR OBESITY TREATMENT: TWO YEARS OF EXPERIENCE.

    PubMed

    Lopez-Nava, Gontrand; Galvão, M P; Bautista-Castaño, I; Fernandez-Corbelle, J P; Trell, M; Lopez, N

    2017-01-01

    procedimento endoscópico de gastroplastia sleeve sob anestesia geral com observação do paciente internado durante a noite. Dos 154 pacientes iniciais, 143 estiveram disponíveis para acompanhamento de um mês, 133 durante seis meses, 64 durante 12 meses e 28 completaram a avaliação de 24 meses. O acompanhamento foi realizado por equipe multidisciplinar (nutricionista e psicólogo). Foram avaliados nos resultados as mudanças no IMC, no peso corporal (TWBL), no % de perda do peso corporal inicial (% TBWL) no % de excesso de perda de peso corporal (%EWL) segregado em > ou < 25% e efeitos adversos. Estudos radiológicos contratados orais voluntários foram programados para avaliar a gastroplastia em diferentes tempos após o procedimento. A idade média foi de 44,9 anos (23-69). Aos 24 meses após o procedimento a linha de base média do IMC mudou de 38,3 para 30,8 kg/m2. O TBWL, %TBWL e %EWL foram de 21,3 kg, 19,5% e 60,4%, respectivamente, e 85,7% dos pacientes alcançaram o objetivo de >25% EWL. Não houve eventos adversos graves peroperatórios ou durante os 24 meses de acompanhamento. A gastroplastia sleeve endoscópica com monitoramento regular por equipe multidisciplinar pode ser considerado procedimento eficaz, seguro e bem tolerado para o tratamento de pacientes com obesidade, pelo menos nos dois anos de acompanhamento.

  20. Playful Interventions Increase Knowledge about Healthy Habits and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children: The CARDIOKIDS Randomized Study.

    PubMed

    Cecchetto, Fátima H; Pena, Daniela B; Pellanda, Lucia C

    2017-07-20

    idade entre 7 e 11 anos. Medidas antropométricas foram coletadas, e dois questionários (DAFA, Dia Típico de Atividades Físicas e de Alimentação e o CARDIOKIDS, um questionário de conhecimento sobre fatores de risco cardiovasculares) foram aplicados no basal, ao final da intervenção, e três meses depois. A intervenção consistiu em oito workshops lúdicos, que incluiu a apresentação de uma peça de teatro. Setenta e nove estudantes foram randomizados para o grupo intervenção (n = 40) ou para o grupo controle (n = 39). A idade média foi 10 ± 1,1 anos. Após oito semanas, o grupo intervenção mostrou uma melhora significativa no escore de conhecimento (p < 0,01). Houve um aumento nos escores de atividade física em ambos os grupos, mas sem diferença entre os grupos no final da intervenção (p=0,209). Observou-se uma redução no percentil do IMC no grupo intervenção, mas não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos após a intervenção. Intervenções lúdicas podem melhorar o conhecimento e níveis de atividade física em crianças e, quando combinadas com outras estratégias, podem ser benéficas na prevenção da obesidade e melhoria do autocuidado.

  1. National Migrant Education Program: Early Childhood Development Skills--Birth Through 5 Years (Desarrollo de Destrezas en la Temprana Infancia--Desde el Nacimiento Hasta los Cinco Anos de Edad).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    Compiled to ensure cooperation between states and to provide continuity of reporting on developmental skills for the migrant child from birth through five years of age, this booklet lists the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective skills which are reported through the Migrant Student Record Transfer System (MSRTS). Published in both English and…

  2. What to Teach Your Child: A Handbook for Parents of 4-6 Year Olds. (Lo Que Pueden Ensenarles a Los Ninos: Un Manual Para Padres De Ninos De 4 A 6 Anos).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wile, Elizabeth M.

    Prepared specifically for parents of children ages 4 to 6, this brief guide (available in English or Spanish) provides basic information about what basic skills children should master, and how parents can help them acquire these skills. Ideas and suggestions are given for teaching such basic skills as controlling large and small muscles,…

  3. Como ayudar a su hijo a ser un buen lector: Con actividades para los ninos desde el nacimiento hasta los 6 anos (Helping Your Child Become a Reader: With Activities for Children from Infancy through Age 6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehr, Fran; Osborn, Jean

    When parents and other family members read with their children, help them with homework, talk with their teachers, and participate in school or other learning activities, they give their children a tremendous advantage. The foundation for learning to read is in place long before children enter school and begin formal reading instruction. Families…

  4. What to Teach Your Child: A Handbook for Parents of 4-6 Year Olds. (Lo Que Pueden Ensenarles a Los Ninos: Un Manual Para Padres De Ninos De 4 A 6 Anos).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wile, Elizabeth M.

    Prepared specifically for parents of children ages 4 to 6, this brief guide (available in English or Spanish) provides basic information about what basic skills children should master, and how parents can help them acquire these skills. Ideas and suggestions are given for teaching such basic skills as controlling large and small muscles,…

  5. Effect of Spin-Orbit Coupling on the Actinide Dioxides AnO2 (An=Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, and Am): A Screened Hybrid Density Functional Study

    SciTech Connect

    Wen, Xiaodong; Martin, Richard L.; Roy, Lindsay E.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Rudin, Sven P.; Batista, Enrique R.; McCleskey, Thomas M.; Scott, Brian L.; Bauer, Eve; Joyce, John J.; Durakiewicz, Tomasz

    2012-10-21

    We present a systematic comparison of the lattice structures, electronic density of states, and band gaps of actinide dioxides, AnO₂ (An=Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, and Am) predicted by the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof screened hybrid density functional (HSE) with the self-consistent inclusion of spin-orbit coupling(SOC). The computed HSE lattice constants and band gaps of AnO₂ are in consistently good agreement with the available experimental data across the series, and differ little from earlier HSE results without SOC. ThO₂ is a simple band insulator (f⁰), while PaO₂, UO₂, and NpO₂ are predicted to be Mott insulators. The remainders (PuO₂ and AmO₂) show considerable O2p/An5f mixing and are classified as charge-transfer insulators. We also compare our results for UO₂, NpO₂, and PuO₂with the PBE+U, self interaction correction (SIC), and dynamic mean-field theory (DMFT) many-body approximations.

  6. Como ayudar a su hijo a tener exito en la escuela, con actividades para ninos entre las edades de 5 a 11 anos (Helping Your Child Succeed in School, with Activities for Children Ages 5 through 11).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulu, Nancy

    At the heart of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is a promise to raise standards for all children and to help all children meet those standards. This Spanish-language booklet provides information that parents can use to help their child succeed in school. Following an introduction, the second section of the booklet, "The Basics," offers…

  7. Como ayudar a su hijo durante la edad preescolar, con actividades para los ninos desde el nacimiento hasta los 5 anos (Helping Your Preschool Child, with Activities for Children from Infancy through Age 5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Intergovernmental and Interagency Affairs.

    The first 5 yeas of a child's life are a time of tremendous physical, emotional, social, and cognitive growth. Noting that research shows that children are more likely to succeed in learning when their families actively support them, this Spanish-language booklet is intended for families and caregivers who want to help their preschool children…

  8. International Symposium on Visually Handicapped Infants and Young Children: Birth to Seven (2nd, Aruba, 1987). "The First Steps." Proceedings = Simpasio Internacional sobre Ninos Visualmente Deficientes de Nacimiento hasta Siete Anos (2nd, Aruba, 1987). "Los Primeros Pasos."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Lillian, Ed.; And Others

    This symposium focused on the special needs of visually handicapped infants and young children. Texts of 48 papers are presented, including keynote addresses by W. Aubrey Webson ("The First Steps") and Heather Hewitt ("First Steps--Parenting, Prevention and Programming"). Regional reports are provided for Japan, Bangladesh, the…

  9. El buen comienzo de la lectura: Lo que pueden hacer los padres durante los primeros cinco anos (Reading Right from the Start: What Parents Can Do in the First Five Years).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickart, Toni S.; Dodge, Diane Trister

    Intended to provide concrete ways for parents to help children become readers and writers, this Spanish-language, easy-to-read, illustrated booklet uses the everyday routines that parents follow with their children--bathing and dressing, eating, shopping, doing household chores--to demonstrate how to build vocabulary, learn about conversations,…

  10. Little Steps for New Parents: A Week-by-Week Guide and Journal for Baby's First Year = Pasitos para nuevos padres: Una guia y diario semanal para el primer ano del bebe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briggs, Sandy

    Providing young infants with a loving and interesting environment through play will have a positive impact on their future. This book, designed for first time parents, provides simple and enjoyable activities intended to promote brain development during the first year. The book's introduction discusses the importance of the environment during the…

  11. National Migrant Education Program: Early Childhood Development Skills--Birth Through 5 Years (Desarrollo de Destrezas en la Temprana Infancia--Desde el Nacimiento Hasta los Cinco Anos de Edad).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    Compiled to ensure cooperation between states and to provide continuity of reporting on developmental skills for the migrant child from birth through five years of age, this booklet lists the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective skills which are reported through the Migrant Student Record Transfer System (MSRTS). Published in both English and…

  12. Código para imageamento indireto de estrelas em sistemas binarios: simulação de variações elipsoidais e do perfil das linhas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Souza, T. R.; Baptista, R.

    2003-08-01

    As estrelas secundárias em variáveis cataclí smicas (VCs) e binárias-x de baixa massa (BXBMs) são cruciais para o entendimento da origem, evolução e comportamento destas binárias interagentes. Elas são estrelas magneticamente ativas submetidas a condições ambientais extremas [e.g., estão muito próximas de uma fonte quente e irradiante; têm rotação extremamente rápida e forma distorcida; estão perdendo massa a taxas de 10-8-10-10 M¤/ano] que contribuem para que suas propriedades sejam distintas das de estrelas de mesma massa na seqüência principal. Por outro lado, o padrão de irradiação na face da secundária fornece informação sobre a geometria das estruturas de acréscimo em torno da estrela primária. Assim, a obtenção de imagens da superfície destas estrelas é de grande interesse astrofísico. A Tomografia Roche usa as variações no perfil das linhas de emissão/absorção da estrela secundária em função da fase orbital para mapear a distribuição de brilho em sua superfície. Neste trabalho apresentamos os resultados iniciais do desenvolvimento de um programa para o mapeamento da distribuição de brilho na superfí cie das estrelas secundárias em VCs e BXBMs com técnicas de astro-tomografia. Presentemente temos em operação um código que simula as variações no perfil das linhas em conseqüência de efeito Doppler resultante da combinação de rotação e translação de uma estrela em forma de lobo de Roche em torno do centro de massa da binária, em função da distribuição de brilho na superfície desta estrela. O código igualmente produz a curva de luz resultante das variações de aspecto da estrela em função da fase orbital (variações elipsoidais).

  13. Ensino de Astronomia no Ensino Médio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, E.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2008-09-01

    O presente trabalho de intervenção foi realizado junto a Escola Estadual Colônia dos Pescadores na cidade de Caraguatatuba, com três turmas do terceiro ano do Ensino Médio, envolvendo 119 alunos, 40 na turma A, 40 na turma B e 39 na turma C. A fase inicial foi composta de um questionário de vinte questões dissertativas e objetivas para diagnosticar nos educandos os conceitos prévios sobre Astronomia e, partindo destes realizar uma interferência nas classes envolvidas utilizando metodologias diferentes sendo elas: a tradicional, onde o professor é um repassador de informações, fazendo uso exclusivo de lousa e giz; a segunda também de forma tradicional, porém com auxílio de multimídia para desenvolvimento das aulas e a terceira sob forma de seminários, elaborados e apresentados pelos educandos, no qual o educador faz apenas as intervenções necessárias. Ao final do trabalho as mesmas turmas da fase inicial orientadas pelo mesmo professor responderam novamente ao questionário proposto para diagnosticar dentre as três metodologias utilizadas qual apresentou melhores resultados, sendo os iniciais comparados com os finais. Quando questionados a respeito do significado de Astronomia observou-se inicialmente que os acertos na turma A foram de 100%,turma B: 64%, turma C: 84%, após a intervenção os acertos foram: 100%, 97% e 85% respectivamente, demonstrando claramente uma absorção de conhecimentos. Quando interrogados sobre quantos planetas você acha que existem em nosso Sistema Solar? os acertos foram: turma A: 39%, turma B: 48% e turma C: 46%, após o desenvolvimento do trabalho os acertos foram 94%, 97% e 90% respectivamente.Dentro das respostas obtidas observa-se que a metodologia tradicional com o auxílio de multimeios, aplicada na turma B, demonstrou melhores resultados, foi a mais significativa.

  14. Nursing knowledge and practices regarding subcutaneous fluid administration.

    PubMed

    Gomes, Nathália Silva; Silva, Andrea Mara Bernardes da; Zago, Luana Barbosa; Silva, Érica Carneiro de Lima E; Barichello, Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    To describe the evidence in the literature regarding the knowledge and practices of the nursing team about subcutaneous administration of drugs and fluids in adults. Integrative review of the literature using the descriptors "nursing", "hypodermoclysis", "drug administration routes", "adult health," and "knowledge," in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, with no publication deadline. Of the 569 articles found, eight made up the sample. A predominance of international journals (75%) with more than five years of publication (62.5%). The analysis of the methodological characteristics showed a predominance of literature reviews (25%), quantitative studies (62.5%), cross-sectional studies (50%), and non-experimental studies (50%). Although it is an old technique with proven efficacy, hypodermoclysis is still little used, a puzzling fact due to its advantages and indications for any age. descrever as evidências, na literatura, sobre os conhecimentos e as práticas da equipe de enfermagem na administração de medicamentos e de fluidos por via subcutânea no adulto. revisão integrativa da literatura utilizando os descritores enfermagem, hipodermóclise, vias de administração de medicamentos, saúde do adulto e conhecimento; nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português, sem data limite de publicação. Dos 569 artigos encontrados, oito compuseram a amostra. predomínio de revistas internacionais (75%) e com mais de cinco anos de publicação (62,5%). Ao analisarem-se as características metodológicas, predominaram: revisões de literatura (25%), estudos quantitativos (62,5%), estudos transversais (50%) e não-experimentais (50%). apesar de se tratar de uma técnica antiga com eficácia comprovada, a hipodermóclise ainda é pouco utilizada, fato incoerente pelas suas vantagens e suas indicações para qualquer idade.

  15. [Evaluation of hearing in patients with multiresistant tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Leandro; Sousa, Claudia; Sousa, Aida; Ferreira, Catarina; Duarte, Raquel; Faria E Almeida, António; Condé, Artur

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A tuberculose multirresistente e a extensivamente resistente constituem atualmente a principal ameaça ao controlo da tuberculose a nível mundial. O seu tratamento exige o uso de um esquema terapêutico com fármacos de segunda linha por um período mínimo de 20 meses, onde se incluem aminoglicosídeos durante um período de cerca de oito meses. Estes estão associados a alterações cocleovestibulares permanentes. Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal que pretende avaliar a função auditiva em indivíduos que terminaram tratamento por tuberculose multirresistente (com esquema que incluia aminoglicosídeos) no Centro de Referência Regional para a Tuberculose Multirresistente da Sub-Região de Saúde do Norte entre os anos de 2009 e 2012. Os doentes que preencheram os critérios de inclusão foram convocados para a realização de: exame objetivo otorrinolaringológico, audiograma tonal e vocal, otoemissões acústicas por produtos de distorção nas frequências de 2000-5000 Hz e timpanograma. Resultados: Entre 2009 e 2012 foram referenciados 27 casos para o Centro de Referência para a tuberculose multirresistente da Região Norte, tendo-se verificado cinco óbitos. Dos 22 indivíduos convocados, compareceram 11. Estes possuíam idades compreendidas entre os 31 e os 59 anos (41 ± 10). A amicacina foi usada em 80% e a capreomicina nos restantes. Seis (60%) dos utentes estudados apresentaram surdez neurossensorial. As otoemissões acústicas foram negativas em todos os doentes com hipoacúsia neurossensorial, o que confirma a sua origem coclear. Discussão/ Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo sugerem a necessidade de existir uma monitorização audiológica mais frequente nos indivíduos com tuberculose multirresistente tratados com aminoglicosídeos permitindo detectar mais precocemente a perda auditiva.

  16. [Relationship between smoking and anxiety and depression in primary care].

    PubMed

    Farinha, Helder; Raposo de Almeida, Joana; Aleixo, Ana Rita; Oliveira, Hugo; Xavier, Filomena; Santos, Ana Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A prevalência de tabagismo em Portugal é estimada em 19,7% (2005). O tabagismo é prevalente nas perturbações da ansiedade. Alguns estudos referem que 60% dos fumadores tem história de depressão. A dependência tabágica pode ser avaliada pela escala de Fagerström. A Escala de Ansiedade e Depressão Hospitalar permite estimar a ansiedade e depressão. O objectivo deste trabalho foi procurar a existência de relação entre tabagismo e ansiedade/depressão em utentes de oito unidades de cuidados primários.Material e Métodos: Foi desenhado um estudo observacional, descritivo, transversal, analítico. Inquérito anónimo. Foram considerados como critérios de inclusão os utilizadores das unidades, maiores de 18 anos e alfabetizados e de exclusão os menores de 18 anos ou erros no preenchimento dos inquéritos. As variáveis consideradas foram: Fagerström, Escala de Ansiedade e Depressão Hospitalar, idade, estado civil, género, profissão, escolaridade.Resultados: Foram considerados no estudo um total de 608 indivíduos, sendo 64% do género feminino e 21% de fumadores. Não verificámos diferenças em termos de ansiedade ou depressão na comparação entre não fumadores, ex-fumadores e fumadores. Verificámos que o grau de dependência da nicotina varia directamente com a ansiedade e depressão embora só se encontre relação estatisticamente significativa no género feminino, mesmo após correcção do efeito da idade.Discussão: Existe relação entre dependência da nicotina e gravidade de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão, sobretudo no género feminino. Limitação: viés de selecção.Conclusão: Este estudo fornece informação relativa aos factores psicológicos associados ao consumo de tabaco, podendo ser útil no tratamento da dependência de nicotina.

  17. Factors associated with the contraindicated use of oral contraceptives in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Corrêa, Daniele Aparecida Silva; Felisbino-Mendes, Mariana Santos; Mendes, Mayara Santos; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo

    2017-01-12

    ças cardiovasculares como infarto, derrame/acidente vascular encefálico; diabetes mellitus; ser tabagista e ter idade igual ou maior de 35 anos. Foram estimadas as prevalências e intervalos de 95% de confiança de uso contraindicado em usuárias de anticoncepcionais orais e fatores associados à contraindicação por meio de razões de prevalência e intervalos de 95% de confiança. Na população total, 21,0% (IC95% 19,7-21,9) das mulheres apresentaram alguma contraindicação ao uso de anticoncepcionais orais, das quais 11,7% (IC95% 10,6-13,7) pertenciam ao grupo de usuárias de anticoncepcionais orais. A contraindicação mais freqüente entre as usuárias de anticoncepcionais orais foi hipertensão (9,1%). A maior proporção de mulheres com pelo menos uma contraindicação tinha entre 45 a 49 anos (45,8%) e escolaridade entre zero e oito (23,8%). A prevalência de contraindicação de anticoncepcionais orais foi maior nas mulheres menos escolarizadas (zero a oito anos de estudos) (RP = 2,46; IC95% 1,57-3,86; p < 0,05) e idade entre 35-44 anos (RP = 4,00; IC95% 2,34-6,83) e 45-49 anos (RP = 5,59; IC95% 2,90-10,75). Idade maior ou igual a 35 e escolaridade baixa foram fatores demográficos e de iniquidade, respectivamente, no uso contraindicado de contraceptivos orais.

  18. HYPERVASCULAR LIVER LESIONS IN RADIOLOGICALLY NORMAL LIVER.

    PubMed

    Amico, Enio Campos; Alves, José Roberto; Souza, Dyego Leandro Bezerra de; Salviano, Fellipe Alexandre Macena; João, Samir Assi; Liguori, Adriano de Araújo Lima

    2017-01-01

    The hypervascular liver lesions represent a diagnostic challenge. To identify risk factors for cancer in patients with non-hemangiomatous hypervascular hepatic lesions in radiologically normal liver. This prospective study included patients with hypervascular liver lesions in radiologically normal liver. The diagnosis was made by biopsy or was presumed on the basis of radiologic stability in follow-up period of one year. Cirrhosis or patients with typical imaging characteristics of haemangioma were excluded. Eighty-eight patients were included. The average age was 42.4. The lesions were unique and were between 2-5 cm in size in most cases. Liver biopsy was performed in approximately 1/3 of cases. The lesions were benign or most likely benign in 81.8%, while cancer was diagnosed in 12.5% of cases. Univariate analysis showed that age >45 years (p< 0.001), personal history of cancer (p=0.020), presence of >3 nodules (p=0.003) and elevated alkaline phosphatase (p=0.013) were significant risk factors for cancer. It is safe to observe hypervascular liver lesions in normal liver in patients up to 45 years, normal alanine aminotransaminase, up to three nodules and no personal history of cancer. Lesion biopsies are safe in patients with atypical lesions and define the treatment to be established for most of these patients. As lesões hepáticas hipervasculares representam um desafio diagnóstico. Identificar fatores de risco para câncer em pacientes portadores de lesão hepática hipervascular não-hemangiomatosa em fígado radiologicamente normal. Estudo prospectivo que incluiu pacientes com lesões hepáticas hipervasculares em que o diagnóstico final foi obtido por exame anatomopatológico ou, presumido a partir de seguimento mínimo de um ano. Diagnóstico prévio de cirrose ou radiológico de hemangioma foram considerados critérios de exclusão. Oitenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos. A relação mulher/homem foi de 5,3/1. A idade média foi de 42,4 anos. Na

  19. [Laparoscopic surgery of gastroesophageal reflux in children].

    PubMed

    Dias, Ana; Amaral, Marina; Trindade, Eunice; Dias, Jorge Amil; Campos, Miguel; Estevão-Costa, José

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: O refluxo gastroesofágico na criança é frequente e geralmente inócuo. Contudo, perante doença de refluxo gastroesofágico pode impor-se o tratamento cirúrgico, o qual pode ser realizado por via clássica ou laparoscópica. No presente estudo pretende-se avaliar a exequibilidade, eficácia e segurança da cirurgia antirrefluxo (fundoplicatura de Nissen) por via laparoscópica com ênfase no recém-nascido, lactente e primeira infância.Material e Métodos: Estudaram-se as crianças com refluxo gastroesofágico propostas para cirurgia por via laparoscópica entre janeiro 2006 e dezembro 2012 num Serviço de Cirurgia Pediátrica de um Hospital universitário. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva e comparativa por faixa etária (grupo I: <1 ano, grupo II: 1-3 anos, grupo III: > 3 anos) e presença de comorbilidades. Foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: demografia, sintomatologia, comorbilidades, indicações operatórias, perioperatório e evolução pós-operatória. Foi assumido um nível de significância de 5%.Resultados: Foram propostas 55 crianças, das quais 12 do grupo I, 15 do grupo II e 28 do grupo III. 50,9% apresentavam comorbilidades (21 com doença do sistema nervoso central e sete com atresia esofágica). Em 52 (94,5%) casos, a cirurgia foi exequível exclusivamente por via laparoscópica. A duração do procedimento foi de 167 ± 42 minutos, sem diferenças significativas entre grupos etários, mas superior na doença do sistema nervoso central. Com um seguimento de 35,5 ± 23,9 meses, ocorreram as seguintes complicações: síndrome de gas-bloat, dumping e disfagia em oito casos (15,7%) e hérniaparaesofágica em dois casos (3,9%), sem diferenças significativas entre os grupos; verificou-se recidiva clínica com reoperação em dois casos.Conclusão: A fundoplicatura de Nissen laparoscópica é um procedimento exequível, eficaz e com baixa morbilidade, inclusive em recém-nascidos, lactentes e na primeira infância.

  20. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis associated to Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    PubMed

    Bianco, Bianca; Christofolini, Denise Maria; Conceição, Gabriel Seixas; Barbosa, Caio Parente

    2017-09-21

    DMD e G.T.S., 39 anos, buscaram aconselhamento genético sobre o processo de diagnóstico genético pré-implantação. O casal relatou que tiveram um filho de 6 anos que morreu devido a complicações da distrofia muscular de Duchenne. Os pacientes realizaram quatro ciclos de injeção intracitoplásmica de espermatozoides (ICSI) e oito biópsias de embriões foram analisadas por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) para análise de mutação específica, seguida hibridação genômica comparativa baseada em microarranjos ( array CGH) para a pesquisa de aneuploidias. O diagnóstico genético pré-implantação revelou que dois embriões haviam herdado a mutação materna no gene DMD , um embrião tinha uma alteração cromossômica e cinco embriões eram normais. Um blastocisto foi transferido e resultou em gravidez bem sucedida. Os outros embriões permanecem vitrificados. Concluímos que a análise de embriões utilizando técnicas associadas de PCR e CGH array mostrou-se segura para a seleção de embriões em casos de doenças ligadas ao X, como a distrofia muscular de Duchenne.

  1. [Pulmonary carcinoid: analysis of a single institutional experience and prognostic factors].

    PubMed

    Correia, Silvia da Silva; Pinto, Carlos; Bernardo, João

    2014-01-01

    IntroduçÉo: Os tumores carcinóides pulmonares sÉo tumores raros com origem nas células neuro-endócrinas do pulmÉo. Classificam-se de acordo com os critérios da OMS em carcinóides típicos ou atípicos. Quando comparados com outros tipos de neoplasia pulmonar, os tumores carcinóides apresentam melhor prognóstico.Objetivos: CaracterizaçÉo dos doentes com diagnóstico histológico de tumor carcinóide observados numa instituiçÉo. Análise dos fatores que influenciaram o prognóstico.Material e Métodos: Análise retrospetiva incluindo todos os doentes com diagnóstico histológico de tumor carcinóide pulmonar durante um período de 11 anos numa instituiçÉo. Os tumores foram classificados em típicos e atípicos de acordo com a classificaçÉo da OrganizaçÉo Mundial de Saúde de 2004. O estadiamento foi feito com base na classificaçÉo TNM de 2009 para o carcinoma do pulmÉo de nÉo pequenas células: T (Tumor); N (Ganglionar); M (Metástase).Resultados: Foram incluídos 59 doentes: 53 carcinóides típicos e seis carcinóides atípicos. Destes, 90% foram submetidos a cirurgia. O follow-up médio foi de 57 meses. A mortalidade operatória foi de 2% (n = 1) tratando-se de cirurgia paliativa para um doente em estádio IV. Em 49 doentes nÉo se verificou envolvimento ganglionar (N0), um doente apresentava doença N1, oito doença N2 e um doente doença N3. A sobrevivência global aos cinco anos foi de 79,2%: 80,2% nos carcinóides típicos e 66,7% nos carcinóides atípicos (p < 0,05). Nos doentes T1, a sobrevivência foi de 88,1% e de 58,2% nos T2-T4 (p < 0,01). Nos doentes N0 a sobrevivência aos cinco anos de 89,7% e de 36% para os doentes N1-N3 (p < 0,001). Os doentes com doença M0 apresentaram uma sobrevivência aos cinco anos de 85,9% sendo de 0% nos doentes M1 (p < 0,01). Dos 11 doentes que necessitaram de quimioterapia adjuvante, 45,4% eram carcinóides atípicos.DiscussÉo: Na nossa série, a cirurgia no tumor carcinóide pulmonar demonstrou

  2. THE IMPACT OF THE MELD SCORE ON LIVER TRANSPLANT ALLOCATION AND RESULTS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW.

    PubMed

    Moraes, Ana Claudia Oliveira de; Oliveira, Priscilla Caroliny de; Fonseca-Neto, Olival Cirilo Lucena da

    2017-01-01

    Liver transplantation is intended to increase the survival of patients with chronic liver disease in terminal phase, as well as improved quality of life. Since the first transplant until today many changes have occurred in the organ allocation system. To review the literature on the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and analyze its correlation with survival after liver transplantation. An integrative literature review in Lilacs, SciELO, and Pubmed in October 2015, was realized. Were included eight studies related to the MELD score and its impact on liver transplant. There was predominance of transplants in male between 45-55 y. The main indications were hepatitis C, hepatocellular carcinoma and alcoholic cirrhosis. The most important factors post-surgery were related to the MELD score, the recipient age, expanded donor criteria and hemotransfusion. The MELD system reduced the death rate in patients waiting for a liver transplant. However, this score by itself is not a good predictor of survival after liver transplantation. O transplante de fígado tem como finalidade o aumento da sobrevida dos pacientes com doença hepática crônica em fase terminal, além de melhora na qualidade de vida. Desde o primeiro transplante até os dias atuais, muitas mudanças ocorreram no sistema de alocação de órgãos. Analisar o conhecimento produzido sobre o Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) e a sua relação com a sobrevida no pós-transplante de fígado. Realizou-se revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Lilacs, SciELO e Pubmed no mês de outubro de 2015. A amostra contou com oito estudos relacionando o escore MELD e o seu impacto no transplante de fígado. Houve predomínio dos transplantes realizados em homens e faixa etária entre 45-55 anos. Como principais indicações tem-se hepatite C, hepatocarcinoma e cirrose por álcool. Os fatores que tiveram maior impacto no pós-operatório estão associados ao alto valor do MELD, idade do receptor, crit

  3. Análise dos Conceitos Astronômicos Apresentados por Professores de Algumas Escolas Estaduais Brasileiras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Gonzaga, Edson Pereira

    2011-12-01

    A razão para o desenvolvimento deste trabalho baseia-se no fato de que muitos professores da Educação Básica (EB) não lidam com conceitos relacionados à astronomia, e quando o fazem eles simplesmente seguem livros didáticos que podem conter erros conceituais. Como é de conhecimento geral a astronomia é um dos conteúdos a serem ensinados na EB fazendo parte dos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais e das Propostas Curriculares do Estado de São Paulo, mas é um fato, que vários pesquisadores apontam, a existência de muitos problemas no ensino da astronomia. Com o propósito de minimizar algumas dessas deficiências foi realizado um trabalho de pesquisa com a utilização de questionários pré e pós pesquisa, para tanto foi desenvolvido um Curso de Extensão Universitária para professores da Diretoria de Ensino Regional (DE) que abrange Mauá, Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra (no Estado de São Paulo) com os seguintes objetivos: levantar concepções alternativas; subsidiar os professores por meio de palestras, debates e workshops, e verificar o sucesso da aprendizagem após o curso, adotando-se como referência, para a análise dos resultados, os dicionários de Língua Portuguesa (FERREIRA, 2004) e Enciclopédico de Astronomia e Astronáutica (MOURĀO, 1995). Portanto, dezesseis questões foram aplicadas antes e após o curso, assim pode-se verificar após a pesquisa que 100,0% dos professores sabiam os nomes das fases da Lua, 97,0% entenderam que o Sistema Solar é composto por oito planetas, 78,1% foram capazes de explicar como ocorre um eclipse lunar, um eclipse solar e um solstício, 72,7% sabiam como explicar a ocorrência das estações do ano; 64,5% explicaram corretamente a ocorrência do equinócio, 89,7% foram capazes de definir adequadamente o termo cometa; 63,6% definiram asteróide, 54,5% meteoro, 58,1% galáxia, e 42,4% planeta. Os resultados obtidos indicam uma aprendizagem significativa por parte dos participantes.

  4. [FATA Study: prevalence of atrial fibrillation and antithrombotic therapy in primary health care in a northern city of Portugal].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Eva; Campos, Rui; Morais, Renata; Fernandes, Marta

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A fibrilhação auricular é a arritmia sustentada mais prevalente. Está provada a eficácia da anticoagulação oral na prevenção do acidente vascular cerebral nestes doentes. Contudo, este parece ser um tratamento subutilizado. Objectivos: determinar a prevalência de fibrilhação auricular conhecida numa população dos Cuidados de Saúde Primários; identificar as principais comorbilidades, a terapêutica antitrombótica em curso e avaliar a sua adequação segundo as recomendações da European Society of Cardiology. Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal analítico. População: todos os utentes com idade igual ou superior a 30 anos, inscritos em oito Unidades de Saúde Familiar de Vila Nova de Gaia, com diagnóstico de fibrilhação auricular. Resultados: A prevalência de fibrilhação auricular foi de 1,29% (n = 940), sendo superior no género masculino (p = 0,01) e aumentando com a idade (p < 0,001). As comorbilidades mais frequentes foram a hipertensão arterial (76,4%), a insuficiência cardíaca (32,0%) e a diabetes mellitus (28,2%). Um total de 52% realizava terapêutica anticoagulante, 29% antiagregantes plaquetários e 4% ambas as terapêuticas. Dos utentes com baixo risco trombótico, 63,6% estava a fazer erradamente algum tipo de terapêutica antitrombótica; dos utentes com elevado risco ou doença valvular 56,8% estava adequadamente sob terapêutica anticoagulante. Conclusão: A prevalência de fibrilhação auricular bem como a frequência das principais comorbilidades estão de acordo com a maioria dos estudos. Apesar de a maioria dos doentes se encontrar sob anticoagulação oral, apenas 56,8% dos utentes com fibrilhação auricular fazia terapêutica antitrombótica adequada segundo as recomendações da European Society of Cardiology, verificando-se uma subutilização acentuada deste tratamento.

  5. Omental infarction: a reappraisal of conservative management in children.

    PubMed

    Estevão-Costa, José; Alvarenga, Ana Sofia; Fragoso, Ana Catarina; Garcia, Maria; Campos, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A melhoria da acuidade diagnóstica do enfarte do omento resultou num incremento da atitude conservadora no seu tratamento. Com o objectivo de avaliar a eficácia e segurança da abordagem não-operatória, analisámos os casos de enfarte do omento tratados num hospital terciário. Material e Métodos: Incluímos os casos de enfarte do omento primários tratados entre 2004 e 2011. Os enfartes do omento diagnosticados por imagiologia foram submetidos a tratamento conservador que constou de analgésicos e antibioterapia intravenosa. Avaliámos os dados demográficos, apresentação clínica, dados laboratoriais, imagiologia e resultado. Resultados: Ocorreram nove casos de enfarte do omento. Oito pacientes (4 rapazes), com uma idade mediana de 8,5 anos, apresentaram- se na fase inicial da doença por dor abdominal à direita; a contagem leucocitária era normal ou ligeiramente elevada. Seis casos, diagnosticados por TC após ecografia suspeita de enfarte do omento em quatro, foram trados conservadoramente sem complicações, tendo alta ao terceiro dia (mediana). Dois doentes foram apenas diagnosticados durante a intervenção cirúrgica por suposta apendicite. O nono caso apresentou-se com uma obstrução intestinal devida a hérnia interna que foi resolvida por laparoscopia. Discussão: A imagiologia foi diagnóstica na maioria dos casos de enfarte do omento, permitindo a adoção de uma abordagem conservadora. O tratamento não-operatório foi eficaz e sem complicações em todos os doentes que se apresentaram na fase inicial da doença. Um doente apresentou-se com uma complicação grave que requereu intervenção cirúrgica. Conclusão: Na ausência de um tratamento consensual para o enfarte do omento, a abordagem não-operatória é uma alternativa não invasiva e eficaz, mas requer uma vigilância clínica ativa.

  6. Experience of the MALA bag in the open abdomen management in an obstetrical intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Malagón Reyes, Ricardo Mauricio; Reyes Mendoza, Luis Emilio; Angeles Vásquez, María de Jesús; Mendieta Zerón, Hugo

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: As indicações atuais para a gestão de abdómen aberto são a cirurgia de controlo de danos, a abordagem de sepsis intraabdominal grave, a síndrome de compartimento abdominal, o encerramento da parede abdominal sob tensão e a perda de massa da parede abdominal.Objetivo: Descrever a experiência em gestão e cirurgias de abdómen aberto usando a bolsa MALA (Maior Absorção de Líquido Abdominal).Material e Métodos: Estudo descritivo, incluindo todos os doentes com o diagnóstico de abdómen aberto gerido com a bolsa MALA internados na Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Obstétricos de Fevereiro de 2009 a Junho de 2012.Resultados: Dos 25 casos identificados no período do estudo, sete foram eliminados por arquivos incompletos, permanecendo 18 casos para a análise. A média de idade foi de 31,5 anos. Setenta e oito por cento dos doentes eram multíparas, 50% com uma história de dois ou mais partos, 83% com uma cesariana anterior e 78% histerectomizadas, por atonia uterina, na maioria dos casos. A principal indicação para tratamento cirúrgico foi o controlo de danos. Uma doente morreu e uma segunda foi transferida para outra instituição, tendo as demais tido melhoria clínica. Doze doentes (67%) permaneceram menos de 14 dias na Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Obstétricos e apenas uma precisou de mais de 30 dias na unidade.Conclusão: A bolsa MALA pode oferecer uma opção económica e eficaz para a gestão cirúrgica abdominal aberta, bem como umatécnica de drenagem.

  7. Prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymetry in children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder.

    PubMed

    Wajnsztejn, Alessandra Bernardes Caturani; Bianco, Bianca; Barbosa, Caio Parente

    2016-01-01

    To describe clinical and epidemiological features of children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder and to investigate the prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry in this population group. Cross-sectional study including children and adolescents referred for interdisciplinary assessment with learning difficulty complaints, who were given an interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder. The following variables were included in the analysis: sex-related prevalence, educational system, initial presumptive diagnoses and respective prevalence, overall non-verbal learning disorder prevalence, prevalence according to school year, age range at the time of assessment, major family complaints, presence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry, arithmetic deficits, visuoconstruction impairments and major signs and symptoms of non-verbal learning disorder. Out of 810 medical records analyzed, 14 were from individuals who met the diagnostic criteria for non-verbal learning disorder, including the presence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry. Of these 14 patients, 8 were male. The high prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry suggests this parameter can be used to predict or support the diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder. Descrever as características clínicas e epidemiológicas de crianças e adolescentes com transtorno de aprendizagem não verbal, e investigar a prevalência de assimetria inter-hemisférica neste grupo populacional. Estudo transversal que incluiu crianças e adolescentes encaminhados para uma avaliação interdisciplinar, com queixas de dificuldades de aprendizagem e que receberam diagnóstico interdisciplinar de transtorno de aprendizagem não verbal. As variáveis avaliadas foram prevalência por sexo, sistema de ensino, hipóteses diagnósticas iniciais e respectivas prevalências, prevalência de condições em relação à amostra total, prevalência geral do transtorno de aprendizagem não verbal

  8. PROPOSAL OF A REVISIONAL SURGERY TO TREAT SEVERE NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY POST-GASTRIC BYPASS.

    PubMed

    Sampaio-Neto, José; Branco-Filho, Alcides José; Nassif, Luis Sérgio; Nassif, André Thá; Masi, Flávia David João De; Gasperin, Graciany

    ástrico. Como estratégia adicional, é realizada ressecção do fundo gástrico, visando intensificar a supressão da grelina e evitando reganho excessivo de peso. Após estabilização inicial com suporte hidroeletrlítico e nutricional, o procedimento foi realizado em dois pacientes como tratamento definitivo do quadro de desnutrição. Bons resultados foram observados em seguimento de um ano. Como opção de melhora e/ou resolução da defasagem nutricional, a terapia cirúrgica é uma das alternativas. Ainda não há consenso quanto à técnica a ser utilizada. O procedimento aqui apresentado é baseado em fatores fisiopatológicos para o tratamento desta condição, com bons resultados iniciais, sem efeitos colaterais significativos. Seguimento de mais longo prazo é necessário para determinação de sua eficácia.

  9. Retrospective analysis of a case series of patients with traumatic injuries to the craniocervical junction.

    PubMed

    Esteves, Luiz Adriano; Joaquim, Andrei Fernandes; Tedeschi, Helder

    2016-01-01

    sexo masculino e a média de idade foi de 41,7 anos. Inicialmente 32% dos pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico, e 68% foram submetidos a tratamento conservador. Sete pacientes (29%) do grupo conservador foram submetidos posteriormente à cirurgia. No grupo cirúrgico, houve sete casos de fratura de odontóide tipo II, dois casos de fratura de elementos posteriores do áxis, um caso de luxação C1-C2, um caso de deslocamento occipito-cervical e um caso de fraturas de C1 e C2 e luxação facetária. Um paciente apresentava déficit neurológico, melhorando após o tratamento. Houve duas complicações pós-cirúrgicas, uma fístula liquórica e uma infecção de ferida operatória (reabordada). No grupo conservador, predominaram as fraturas do odontóide (oito) e dos elementos posteriores de C2 (cinco). Em dois casos, havia também fraturas em outros segmentos da coluna. Nenhum dos pacientes deste grupo apresentou deterioração neurológica. As lesões da junção craniocervical são raras, sendo mais frequentes as fraturas do odontóide e dos elementos posteriores do áxis. Nossos resultados recomendam o tratamento cirúrgico precoce para os pacientes com fraturas do odontóide tipo II e lesões ligamentares, e tratamento conservador para os demais pacientes.

  10. [Fiability Study of Diabetes Empowerment Scale: Short Version].

    PubMed

    Aveiro, Marcelo; Santiago, Luiz Miguel; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes; Simões, José Augusto

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre o valor obtido pelo instrumento de medição Diabetes Empowerment Scale - Short Form e o controlo da pessoa com diabetes medido pelo valor da hemoglobina glicada A1c.Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal pela aplicação do Diabetes Empowerment Scale - Short Form a pessoas com diabetes de três Unidades de Saúde Familiar da Região Centro de Portugal após realização de teste e reteste (primeiro por escrito e, passados cinco minutos, oralmente) para determinação da coerência interna através do valor de alfa de Cronbach em 20 elementos que não foram depois estudados. A aplicação a pacientes diabéticos foi feita após a consulta de enfermagem e antes da entrada na consulta médica. Foi realizada estatística descritiva e inferencial apos verificação da normalidade dos dados.Resultados: Na primeira fase o valor de alfa de Cronbach de 0,90 a 1,00 relativamente aos oito itens da escala. Na aplicação escrita, a média de resultados foi de 3,78 ± 0,71 e na aplicação oral de 3,79 ± 0,65, p = 0,629. A amostra da segunda fase foi de 81 pessoas com diabetes, sendo 55,6% do sexo masculino. A idade média foi de 68,5 ± 1,1 anos com uma HbA1c média de 6,8 ± 0,2 e um tempo de evolução desde o diagnóstico de 9,2 ± 0,9 anos. A média da pontuação final da escala foi de 4,1 ± 0,8. Verificou-se uma correlação significativa entre a pontuação final e os níveis de Hba1C (ÏÅ = -0,114; p = 0,312).Conclusão: A Escala de Capacidade de Controlo da Diabetes âÄì Versão Breve revelou ser uma escala fiável para medir a capacitação em doentes diabéticos em Portugal. Confirmou-se a presença de uma correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o resultado obtido no final da escala e o valor de HbA1c.

  11. Art and Writing: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Arte y escritura: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  12. Reading: Students' Attitudes and Interests in Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Grades in Official Portuguese Schools in the USA (A Leitura: Atitudes e Preferencias dos Educandos do 4th, 5th, e 6th Anos de Escolaridade nas Escolas Oficiais Portuguesas nos Estados Unidos da America).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castanho, Maria da Graca Borges

    A study investigated attitudes and preferences concerning reading among fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students in Portuguese-language schools in the United States. Extrinsic factors influencing students (parents, teachers) were also analyzed. The research took place in 10 schools in 5 states. Data were obtained using questionnaires (students)…

  13. O Passado como Nacao: Imagens do Imperio nas Falas Reacionarias dos Anos 30 e 40 do Seculo XX: Uma Pequena Arqueologia do Debate Publico e Privado (The Past as Nation: Images of the Empire in the Reactionary Words of the 30s and 40s in the 20th Century: A Small Archaeology of the Public Debate versus the Private One).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Freitas, Marcos Cezar

    1998-01-01

    Suggests an archaeology of the public debate versus the private one in Brazil through analysis of the reactionary speech of a religious leader, Dom Jose Mauricio da Rocha, which produced innumerable representations of the Brazilian Empire. (PA)

  14. A Visit to the Library: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Una visita a la biblioteca: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides suggestions for parents…

  15. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 11th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 11 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  16. O Passado como Nacao: Imagens do Imperio nas Falas Reacionarias dos Anos 30 e 40 do Seculo XX: Uma Pequena Arqueologia do Debate Publico e Privado (The Past as Nation: Images of the Empire in the Reactionary Words of the 30s and 40s in the 20th Century: A Small Archaeology of the Public Debate versus the Private One).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Freitas, Marcos Cezar

    1998-01-01

    Suggests an archaeology of the public debate versus the private one in Brazil through analysis of the reactionary speech of a religious leader, Dom Jose Mauricio da Rocha, which produced innumerable representations of the Brazilian Empire. (PA)

  17. Algunas Premisas Metodologicas y Conceptuales sobre el Desarrollo de los Movimientos en el Primer Ano de Vida (0-12 Meses) (Some Methodological and Conceptual Premises about the Development of Movement in the First Year of Life (0-12 Months)).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bequer Diaz, Gladys

    1997-01-01

    Examined the emergence of principal and secondary movements in Cuban children in their first year of life. Based on 35 examples of observed movements, an integrated program of activity is developed to assist in the development of physical skills which are essential to the development of a well-rounded personality. (AS)

  18. Talking, Singing, Rhyming: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Hablar, cantar, recitar: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  19. Exploring with Technology: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Exploremos con tecnologia: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides computer literacy…

  20. Reading with Children: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = La lectura con los ninos: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  1. Words All around Us: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Palabras y palabras a nuestro alrededor: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  2. Art and Writing: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Arte y escritura: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  3. Words All around Us: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Palabras y palabras a nuestro alrededor: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  4. A Visit to the Library: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Una visita a la biblioteca: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides suggestions for parents…

  5. Talking, Singing, Rhyming: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Hablar, cantar, recitar: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  6. Reading with Children: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = La lectura con los ninos: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for…

  7. Algunas Premisas Metodologicas y Conceptuales sobre el Desarrollo de los Movimientos en el Primer Ano de Vida (0-12 Meses) (Some Methodological and Conceptual Premises about the Development of Movement in the First Year of Life (0-12 Months)).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bequer Diaz, Gladys

    1997-01-01

    Examined the emergence of principal and secondary movements in Cuban children in their first year of life. Based on 35 examples of observed movements, an integrated program of activity is developed to assist in the development of physical skills which are essential to the development of a well-rounded personality. (AS)

  8. Exploring with Technology: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Exploremos con tecnologia: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides computer literacy…

  9. ...And That's How It All Began: Putting Information about Your Child's Growth, Health and Safety All within Your Reach...Because the First Years Last Forever! = ...Y asi es como empezo todo: Ponemos a su alcance en forma conjunta la informacion sobre el crecimiento, la salud y la seguridad de su hijo...Porque los primeros anos duran para siempre!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Smart Start is North Carolina's model early childhood initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and prepared for success. This resource guide, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to provide parents with information on infant and child development, health care, and resources for further assistance. Presented in an…

  10. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 5th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 5to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  11. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 8th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Octavo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  12. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 7th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Septimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  13. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 2nd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 2do Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  14. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 3rd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 3er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  15. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 10th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Decimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  16. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 4th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 4to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  17. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 6th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 6to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  18. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 1st Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 1er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  19. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 9th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Noveno Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  20. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your Kindergartner Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Jardin Infantil (Kindergarten) Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  1. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 12th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 12 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  2. El juego entre el nacimiento y los 7 anos: Un manual para ludotecarias. Investigacion-accion sobre la Familia y la Primera Infancia. UNESCO Sector de Educacion Monografia (Play between Birth and 7 Years: A Manual for Preschool Teachers. Action Research in Family and Early Childhood. UNESCO Education Sector Monograph).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grellet, Carolina

    The purpose of this Spanish-language manual is to help preschool teachers better understand theoretical concepts related to children's play. Following a preface that discusses UNESCO's activities related to early childhood education, the two main sections of the manual discuss children's play between 0-2 years and 2-7 years. Each section includes…

  3. En sus marcas--Listos--A leer! Para los cuidadores de ninos pequenos: Actividades de lenguaje para la primera infancia y ninez entre el nacimiento y los 5 anos. El reto: A leer, America! (Ready--Set--Read! For Caregivers: Early Childhood Language Activities for Children from Birth through Age Five. America Reads Challenge).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This Ready--Set--Read Kit includes an activity guide for caregivers, a 1997-98 early childhood activity calendar, and an early childhood growth chart. The activity guide presents activities and ideas that caregivers (family child care providers and the teachers, staff, and volunteers in child development programs) can use to help young children…

  4. En sus marcas--Listos--A leer! Para las familias: Actividades de lenguaje para la primera infancia y ninez entre el nacimiento y los 5 anos. El reto: A leer, America! (Ready--Set--Read! For Families: Early Childhood Language Activities for Children from Birth through Age Five. America Reads Challenge).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This Ready--Set--Read Kit includes an activity guide for families, a 1997-98 early childhood activity calendar, and an early childhood growth wallchart. The activity guide presents activities and ideas that families (adults who have nurturing relationships with a child--a mother, father, grandparent, other relative, or close friend) can use to…

  5. ...And That's How It All Began: Putting Information about Your Child's Growth, Health and Safety All within Your Reach...Because the First Years Last Forever! = ...Y asi es como empezo todo: Ponemos a su alcance en forma conjunta la informacion sobre el crecimiento, la salud y la seguridad de su hijo...Porque los primeros anos duran para siempre!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Partnership for Children, Raleigh.

    Smart Start is North Carolina's model early childhood initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and prepared for success. This resource guide, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to provide parents with information on infant and child development, health care, and resources for further assistance. Presented in an…

  6. BREAST CANCER METASTASIS IN THE STOMACH: WHEN THE GASTRECTOMY IS INDICATED ?

    PubMed

    Rodrigues, Marcus Vinicius Rozo; Tercioti-Junior, Valdir; Lopes, Luiz Roberto; Coelho-Neto, João de Souza; Andreollo, Nelson Adami

    2016-01-01

    the absence of other secondary involvement and control of the primary lesion. A neoplasia de mama é o tumor maligno mais comum na população feminina tendo o trato gastrointestinal, e mais especificamente o estômago, como local incomum para metástases. Analisar uma série de casos com esse tumor e propor medidas que possam diagnosticá-lo com maior precocidade. Foram analisados retrospectivamente 12 pacientes com diagnóstico de neoplasia gástrica secundária a câncer de mama, confirmado por biópsia e imunoistoquímica. Foram analisados idade do diagnóstico, tipo histológico do tumor primário, intervalo de tempo entre o diagnóstico do tumor e a metástase, tratamento e sobrevida. A idade média foi de 71,3 anos (40-86 anos). Em média, o diagnóstico da metástase gástrica foi de sete anos após o diagnóstico da lesão primaria (0-13 anos). Nove casos tiveram metástases em outros órgãos, sendo os ossos os locais mais acometidos. Evidenciou-se positividade de anticorpo CK7 em 90,9% casos, receptor de estrógeno em 91,67%, receptor de progesterona em 66,67% e BRST2 em 41,67%. A ausência de CK20 foi de 88,89%. Oito casos foram tratados com quimioterapia associada ou não ao bloqueio hormonal e em quatro foi indicada ressecção cirúrgica sendo em três gastrectomia total e em um caso gastrectomia subtotal. A sobrevida média foi de 14,58 meses. Em doentes com história prévia de câncer de mama apresentando diagnóstico endoscópico de neoplasia gástrica, é necessário considerar a possibilidade de metástase. A confirmação é feita por estudo imunoistoquímico e a gastrectomia deve ser orientada diante da ausência de outros locais de acometimento secundário e controle da lesão primária.

  7. Anoctamin 1 (TMEM16A) is essential for testosterone-induced prostate hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Cha, Joo Young; Wee, Jungwon; Jung, Jooyoung; Jang, Yongwoo; Lee, Byeongjun; Hong, Gyu-Sang; Chang, Beom Chul; Choi, Yoon-La; Shin, Young Kee; Min, Hye-Young; Lee, Ho-Young; Na, Tae-Young; Lee, Mi-Ock; Oh, Uhtaek

    2015-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by an enlargement of the prostate, causing lower urinary tract symptoms in elderly men worldwide. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of BPH is unclear. Anoctamin1 (ANO1) encodes a Ca2+-activated chloride channel (CaCC) that mediates various physiological functions. Here, we demonstrate that it is essential for testosterone-induced BPH. ANO1 was highly amplified in dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-treated prostate epithelial cells, whereas the selective knockdown of ANO1 inhibited DHT-induced cell proliferation. Three androgen-response elements were found in the ANO1 promoter region, which is relevant for the DHT-dependent induction of ANO1. Administration of the ANO1 blocker or Ano1 small interfering RNA, inhibited prostate enlargement and reduced histological abnormalities in vivo. We therefore concluded that ANO1 is essential for the development of prostate hyperplasia and is a potential target for the treatment of BPH. PMID:26153424

  8. Anoctamin 1 (TMEM16A) is essential for testosterone-induced prostate hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Cha, Joo Young; Wee, Jungwon; Jung, Jooyoung; Jang, Yongwoo; Lee, Byeongjun; Hong, Gyu-Sang; Chang, Beom Chul; Choi, Yoon-La; Shin, Young Kee; Min, Hye-Young; Lee, Ho-Young; Na, Tae-Young; Lee, Mi-Ock; Oh, Uhtaek

    2015-08-04

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by an enlargement of the prostate, causing lower urinary tract symptoms in elderly men worldwide. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of BPH is unclear. Anoctamin1 (ANO1) encodes a Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel (CaCC) that mediates various physiological functions. Here, we demonstrate that it is essential for testosterone-induced BPH. ANO1 was highly amplified in dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-treated prostate epithelial cells, whereas the selective knockdown of ANO1 inhibited DHT-induced cell proliferation. Three androgen-response elements were found in the ANO1 promoter region, which is relevant for the DHT-dependent induction of ANO1. Administration of the ANO1 blocker or Ano1 small interfering RNA, inhibited prostate enlargement and reduced histological abnormalities in vivo. We therefore concluded that ANO1 is essential for the development of prostate hyperplasia and is a potential target for the treatment of BPH.

  9. Polypharmacy and Polymorbidity in Older Adults in Brazil: a public health challenge.

    PubMed

    Ramos, Luiz Roberto; Tavares, Noemia Urruth Leão; Bertoldi, Andréa Dâmaso; Farias, Mareni Rocha; Oliveira, Maria Auxiliadora; Luiza, Vera Lucia; Pizzol, Tatiane da Silva Dal; Arrais, Paulo Sérgio Dourado; Mengue, Sotero Serrate

    2016-12-01

    priority in the planning agenda of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Analisar as variações da prevalência do uso crônico de medicamentos por idosos no Brasil segundo sua possível associação com as doenças crônicas mais prevalentes, fatores sociodemográficos e de saúde, e identificar fatores de risco para polifarmácia. Estudo com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos, de caráter transversal e amostra probabilística populacional em municípios brasileiros urbanos. A variável independente foi o número de medicamentos de uso crônico por idosos, vinculados às oito doenças crônicas investigadas. As variáveis intervenientes foram sexo, faixa etária, situação conjugal, escolaridade, nível socioeconômico, região do País, índice de massa corporal, hábito de fumar, percepção da própria saúde, internação no último ano e posse de plano de saúde privado, além das doenças crônicas referidas. Uma análise multivariável identificou os fatores de risco para polifarmácia. A prevalência de pelo menos um medicamento de uso crônico entre idosos foi de 93,0%. Do total de idosos, 18,0% utilizavam pelo menos cinco medicamentos (polifarmácia). A polifarmácia foi maior entre os mais idosos (20,0%), na região Sul (25,0%), nos que avaliaram a própria saúde como ruim (35,0%), nos obesos (26,0%), nos que referiram ter plano de saúde (23,0%) ou internação no último ano (31,0%) e entre os que referiram qualquer uma das doenças investigadas, particularmente diabetes (36,0%) e doenças cardíacas (43,0%). No modelo final de risco para polifarmácia permaneceram idade, região, percepção de saúde, posse de plano de saúde, internação no último ano e todas as doenças investigadas exceto acidente vascular cerebral. Idosos com doenças específicas têm fatores de risco para polifarmácia modificáveis por ações que visem o uso racional de medicamentos. Com o envelhecimento

  10. Translation and cultural adaptation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to evaluate quality of life in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

    PubMed

    Fregnani, Cristiane Menezes Sirna; Fregnani, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro; Paiva, Carlos Eduardo; Barroso, Eliane Marçon; Camargos, Mayara Goulart de; Tsunoda, Audrey Tieko; Longatto-Filho, Adhemar; Paiva, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro

    2017-01-01

    To translate and perform the cultural adaptation of the tool Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to the Portuguese language. A descriptive cross-sectional study, with translation and cultural adaptation of the assessment tool performed according to international guidelines and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) protocol group. It involved eight experts, six from Brazil, one from Portugal and one from the United States. After translation and back-translation of the tool, the semantic analysis process was carried out. We randomly included 20 women aged between 18 and 70 years with altered cervical cytology exam, seen at the Department of Prevention and Gynecologic Oncology - Hospital de Câncer de Barretos. The sample consisted of women with low education level. In the first pre-test, ten women participated and half of them considered the questions CD1, CD2 and CD3 as difficult, because they did not understand the meaning of the term "pelvic area". The question CD5, "I worry about spreading the infection", was also considered difficult to understand by five women. After the reconsideration of the expert committee and FACIT group, the second pre-test was performed. At this stage, we concluded that the previously raised understanding problems had been solved. The translated version of FACIT-CD in universal Portuguese language is equivalent to the original version in English and was easily understood by patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Traduzir e adaptar o instrumento Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD), para a língua portuguesa. Estudo descritivo, transversal, com metodologia de tradução e adaptação cultural de instrumento de avaliação, realizado por meio de diretrizes internacionais e seguindo o protocolo do grupo Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT). Envolveu oito especialistas, sendo seis nativos do Brasil

  11. Surface Characterization and Osteoconductivity Evaluation of Micro/Nano Surface Formed on Titanium Using Anodic Oxidation Combined with H2O2 Etching and Hydrothermal Treatment.

    PubMed

    Park, Eun-Jin; Song, Yo-Han; Hwang, Moon-Jin; Song, Ho-Jun; Park, Yeong-Joon

    2015-08-01

    In this study, surface characteristics and osteoconductivity were investigated for the micro/nanostructured oxide layers fabricated on titanium using anodic oxidation (ANO), chemical etching (Et), and hydrothermal treatment (HT). Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) disks were anodic-oxidized using DC-type power supply in 1 M phosphoric acid electrolyte (P-ANO group). These specimens were further chemically etched using 30% H2O2 solution at 60 °C for 10 min (P-ANO-Et group). The P-ANO-Et-HT group was fabricated by hydrothermally treating the P-ANO-Et specimens in phosphorus-containing alkaline solution at 190 °C for 8 hrs. The P-ANO group showed a porous surface that was evenly covered with micro- and sub-micro pores. The size of these pores was decreased in the P-ANO-Et group. The P-ANO-Et-HT group showed a porous surface that was covered with nano-sized crystallites. Anatase TiO2 structure was observed in P-ANO-Et-HT group. The results of XPS demonstrated that the P-ANO-Et-HT group had a well-crystallized TiC2 structure, while the P-ANO and P-ANO-Et groups had an amorphous and phosphate-containing structure. Hydrophilicity of the P-ANO-Et-HT group was the highest. After MG63 osteoblast-like cells were cultured on the specimens for 3 hrs, SEM images of the cells cultured on P-ANO-Et-HT group specimens showed low initial adhesion. However, the osteoconductivity of these specimens increased more rapidly compared to that of the micro-structured surfaces. These results could be applied to fabricate titanium implants with an optimum micro/nano-surface for enhancing their osteoconductivity.

  12. Galbahe C1 y C2 Tests de Lengua (Castellano. Escalas 1 y 2). Medida del nivel de Castellano para ninos de 7-8 y 10-11 anos. Manual de Aplicacion. Glotodidaktika-Lanak 27. (Galbahe Language Tests C1 and C2--Spanish, Scales 1 and 2. Measure of Level of Spanish for Children 7-8 and 10-11 years. Test administration Manual. Glotodidaktika-Lanak Series Number 27).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sierra, Josu; Olaziregi, Ibon

    The Galbahe Language Tests C1 and C2 measure the Spanish language proficiency of children aged 7 to 8 years (C1) and those aged 10 to 11 years (C2). Equivalent tests E1 and E2 measure the Basque language achievement of the same age groups, respectively. Both tests were designed as part of a study of teaching of the Basque language in parts of…

  13. Hypoxia augments the calcium-activated chloride current carried by anoctamin-1 in cardiac vascular endothelial cells of neonatal mice

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Ming-Ming; Lou, Jie; Song, Bin-Lin; Gong, Yuan-Feng; Li, Yan-Chao; Yu, Chang-Jiang; Wang, Qiu-Shi; Ma, Tian-Xing; Ma, Ke; Hartzell, H Criss; Duan, Dayue Darrel; Zhao, Dan; Zhang, Zhi-Ren

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The molecular identity of calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) in vascular endothelial cells remains unknown. This study sought to identify whether anoctamin-1 (Ano1, also known as TMEM16A) functions as a CaCC and whether hypoxia alters the biophysical properties of Ano1 in mouse cardiac vascular endothelial cells (CVECs). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR, confocal imaging analysis and patch-clamp analysis combined with pharmacological approaches were used to determine whether Ano1 was expressed and functioned as CaCC in CVECs. KEY RESULTS Ano1 was expressed in CVECs. The biophysical properties of the current generated in the CVECs, including the Ca2+ and voltage dependence, outward rectification, anion selectivity and the pharmacological profile, are similar to those described for CaCCs. The density of ICl(Ca) detected in CVECs was significantly inhibited by T16Ainh-A01, an Ano1 inhibitor, and a pore-targeting, specific anti-Ano1 antibody, and was markedly decreased in Ano1 gene knockdown CVECs. The density of ICl(Ca) was significantly potentiated in CVECs exposed to hypoxia, and this hypoxia-induced increase in the density of ICl(Ca) was inhibited by T16Ainh-A01 or anti-Ano1 antibody. Hypoxia also increased the current density of ICl(Ca) in Ano1 gene knockdown CVECs. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS Ano1 formed CaCC in CVECs of neonatal mice. Hypoxia enhances Ano1-mediated ICl(Ca) density via increasing its expression, altering the ratio of its splicing variants, sensitivity to membrane voltage and to Ca2+. Ano1 may play a role in the pathophysiological processes during ischaemia in heart, and therefore, Ano1 might be a potential therapeutic target to prevent ischaemic damage. PMID:24758567

  14. Anoctamin 6 Contributes to Cl- Secretion in Accessory Cholera Enterotoxin (Ace)-stimulated Diarrhea: AN ESSENTIAL ROLE FOR PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 4,5-BISPHOSPHATE (PIP2) SIGNALING IN CHOLERA.

    PubMed

    Aoun, Joydeep; Hayashi, Mikio; Sheikh, Irshad Ali; Sarkar, Paramita; Saha, Tultul; Ghosh, Priyanka; Bhowmick, Rajsekhar; Ghosh, Dipanjan; Chatterjee, Tanaya; Chakrabarti, Pinak; Chakrabarti, Manoj K; Hoque, Kazi Mirajul

    2016-12-23

    Accessory cholera enterotoxin (Ace) of Vibrio cholerae has been shown to contribute to diarrhea. However, the signaling mechanism and specific type of Cl(-) channel activated by Ace are still unknown. We have shown here that the recombinant Ace protein induced ICl of apical plasma membrane, which was inhibited by classical CaCC blockers. Surprisingly, an Ace-elicited rise of current was neither affected by ANO1 (TMEM16A)-specific inhibitor T16A(inh)-AO1(TAO1) nor by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) blocker, CFTR inh-172. Ace stimulated whole-cell current in Caco-2 cells. However, the apical ICl was attenuated by knockdown of ANO6 (TMEM16F). This impaired phenotype was restored by re-expression of ANO6 in Caco-2 cells. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings of ANO currents in HEK293 cells transiently expressing mouse ANO1-mCherry or ANO6-GFP confirmed that Ace induced Cl(-) secretion. Application of Ace produced ANO6 but not the ANO1 currents. Ace was not able to induce a [Ca(2+)]i rise in Caco-2 cells, but cellular abundance of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) increased. Identification of the PIP2-binding motif at the N-terminal sequence among human and mouse ANO6 variants along with binding of PIP2 directly to ANO6 in HEK293 cells indicate likely PIP2 regulation of ANO6. The biophysical and pharmacological properties of Ace stimulated Cl(-) current along with intestinal fluid accumulation, and binding of PIP2 to the proximal KR motif of channel proteins, whose mutagenesis correlates with altered binding of PIP2, is comparable with ANO6 stimulation. We conclude that ANO6 is predominantly expressed in intestinal epithelia, where it contributes secretory diarrhea by Ace stimulation in a calcium-independent mechanism of RhoA-ROCK-PIP2 signaling.

  15. SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SINGLE ANASTOMOSIS DUODENAL SWITCH PROCEDURE: PRELIMINARY RESULT FROM A SINGLE INSTITUTION.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Lars; Moon, Rena C; Teixeira, Andre F; Galvão, Manoel; Ramos, Almino; Jawad, Muhammad A

    ção de superobesos. Estudo retrospectivo com 72 pacientes iniciais que foram submetidos à laparoscopia ou por robô-assistida SADI-S laparoscópica entre 17 de dezembro de 2013 e 29 de Julho de 2015. Foram incluídos 48 pacientes do sexo feminino e 21 do masculino com média idade de 42,4±10,0 anos (variação, 22-67). O índice de massa corporal (IMC) no momento do procedimento foi de 58,4±8,3 kg/m2 (42,3-91,8). O tempo médio de permanência hospitalar foi de 4,3±2,6 dias (3-24). A taxa de readmissão em 30 dias foi de 4,3% (n=3), devido à taquicardia (n=1), trombose venosa profunda (n=1), e gastroenterite viral (n=1). A taxa de reoperação em 30 dias foi de 5,8% (n=4) para a perfuração do intestino delgado (n=1), fístula (n=1), deiscência do coto duodenal (n=1), e laparoscopia de diagnóstico (n=1). Percentagem de excesso de perda de peso (% PEP) foi de 28,5±8,8% (13,3-45,0) em três meses (n=28), 41,7±11,1% (19,6-69,6) em seis meses (n=50), e 61,6±12,0% (40,1-91,2) aos 12 meses (n=23) após o procedimento. Um total de 18 pacientes (26,1%) apresentou-se com diabete melito tipo 2, no momento da operação. Desses, nove (50,0%) tiveram seu diabete resolvido, e seis (33,3%) tinham melhorado em 6-12 meses após SADI-S. SADI-S é operação viável com promissora perda de peso e de resolução do diabete melito na população de superobesos.

  16. Complications after Surgical Procedures in Patients with Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices: Results of a Prospective Registry.

    PubMed

    Silva, Katia Regina da; Albertini, Caio Marcos de Moraes; Crevelari, Elizabeth Sartori; Carvalho, Eduardo Infante Januzzi de; Fiorelli, Alfredo Inácio; Martinelli, Martino; Costa, Roberto

    2016-09-01

    problema emergente devido ao aumento crescente na taxa destes procedimentos e ao envelhecimento da população, com consequente aumento de comorbidades. Identificar as taxas de complicações pós-operatórias, mortalidade e readmissão hospitalar, e pesquisar fatores de risco para a ocorrência desses eventos. Registro prospectivo e unicêntrico que incluiu todos os indivíduos submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos em DCEI no período de fevereiro a agosto de 2011. Os pacientes foram distribuídos por tipos de procedimento nos seguintes grupos: implantes iniciais (coorte 1), troca de gerador (coorte 2) e procedimentos em cabos-eletrodos (coorte 3). Os desfechos foram avaliados por um comitê independente. Empregou-se a análise univariada e multivariada para a pesquisa de fatores de risco e o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise de sobrevida. Foram incluídos 713 pacientes, sendo 333, 304 e 76 distribuídos nas coortes 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente. Complicações pós-operatórias foram detectadas em 7,5%, 1,6% e 11,8% dos pacientes nas coortes 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente (p = 0,014). Durante os 6 meses de seguimento, houve 58 (8,1%) óbitos e 75 (10,5%) readmissões hospitalares. Preditores de readmissão hospitalar incluíram o uso de cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável ( odds ratio [OR] = 4,2), classe funcional III-IV (OR = 1,8) e uso de warfarina (OR = 1,9). Preditores de mortalidade incluíram idade acima de 80 anos (OR = 2,4), disfunção ventricular (OR = 2,2), classe funcional III-IV (OR = 3,3) e uso de warfarina (OR = 2,3). Complicações pós-operatórias, readmissões hospitalares e óbitos foram frequentes. Esses eventos estiveram fortemente relacionados ao tipo de procedimento realizado, tipo de DCEI e gravidade da doença cardíaca do paciente.

  17. The calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 acts as a heat sensor in nociceptive neurons.

    PubMed

    Cho, Hawon; Yang, Young Duk; Lee, Jesun; Lee, Byeongjoon; Kim, Tahnbee; Jang, Yongwoo; Back, Seung Keun; Na, Heung Sik; Harfe, Brian D; Wang, Fan; Raouf, Ramin; Wood, John N; Oh, Uhtaek

    2012-05-27

    Nociceptors are a subset of small primary afferent neurons that respond to noxious chemical, thermal and mechanical stimuli. Ion channels in nociceptors respond differently to noxious stimuli and generate electrical signals in different ways. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1 also known as TMEM16A) is a Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel that is essential for numerous physiological functions. We found that ANO1 was activated by temperatures over 44 °C with steep heat sensitivity. ANO1 was expressed in small sensory neurons and was highly colocalized with nociceptor markers, which suggests that it may be involved in nociception. Application of heat ramps to dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons elicited robust ANO1-dependent depolarization. Furthermore, knockdown or deletion of ANO1 in DRG neurons substantially reduced nociceptive behavior in thermal pain models. These results indicate that ANO1 is a heat sensor that detects nociceptive thermal stimuli in sensory neurons and possibly mediates nociception.

  18. Parapneumonic pleural effusion: early versus late thoracoscopy.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Rodrigo Romualdo; Alvim, Cristina Gonçalves; Andrade, Cláudia Ribeiro de; Ibiapina, Cássio da Cunha

    2017-07-31

    com pacientes com derrame pleural parapneumônico que apresentavam septações ou loculações à ultrassonografia de tórax e que foram submetidos a toracoscopia no período entre janeiro de 2000 e janeiro de 2013. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: toracoscopia precoce (TP), realizada até o 5º dia da hospitalização; e toracoscopia tardia (TT), realizada após o 5º dia de internação. Foram incluídas 60 pacientes, 30 em cada grupo. A média de idade foi de 3,4 anos, 28 pacientes (46,7%) eram do sexo masculino, e 47 (78,3%) foram submetidos à toracoscopia primária, sem realização de drenagem simples prévia. Os grupos TP e TT foram semelhantes quanto ao sexo, idade, peso e tipo de toracoscopia (p > 0,05 para todos). Observou-se uma diferença significativa quanto à média de duração da internação nos grupos TP e TT (14,5 dias vs. 21,7 dias; p < 0,001). Houve também diferenças significativas entre os grupos quanto ao total de dias com febre, total de dias entre internação e início da drenagem e total de dias com dreno. Oito pacientes (13,6%) apresentaram alguma complicação após a toracoscopia, sem diferença entre os grupos. Não houve óbitos. A TP, realizada até o 5º dia da admissão hospitalar, associou-se a menor duração da internação, menor tempo de drenagem e menor duração da febre, sem estar associada a maior frequência de complicações, necessidade de CTI ou hemotransfusão.

  19. Calmodulin-dependent activation and inactivation of anoctamin calcium-gated chloride channels.

    PubMed

    Vocke, Kerstin; Dauner, Kristin; Hahn, Anne; Ulbrich, Anne; Broecker, Jana; Keller, Sandro; Frings, Stephan; Möhrlen, Frank

    2013-10-01

    Calcium-dependent chloride channels serve critical functions in diverse biological systems. Driven by cellular calcium signals, the channels codetermine excitatory processes and promote solute transport. The anoctamin (ANO) family of membrane proteins encodes three calcium-activated chloride channels, named ANO 1 (also TMEM16A), ANO 2 (also TMEM16B), and ANO 6 (also TMEM16F). Here we examined how ANO 1 and ANO 2 interact with Ca(2+)/calmodulin using nonstationary current analysis during channel activation. We identified a putative calmodulin-binding domain in the N-terminal region of the channel proteins that is involved in channel activation. Binding studies with peptides indicated that this domain, a regulatory calmodulin-binding motif (RCBM), provides two distinct modes of interaction with Ca(2+)/calmodulin, one at submicromolar Ca(2+) concentrations and one in the micromolar Ca(2+) range. Functional, structural, and pharmacological data support the concept that calmodulin serves as a calcium sensor that is stably associated with the RCBM domain and regulates the activation of ANO 1 and ANO 2 channels. Moreover, the predominant splice variant of ANO 2 in the brain exhibits Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent inactivation, a loss of channel activity within 30 s. This property may curtail ANO 2 activity during persistent Ca(2+) signals in neurons. Mutagenesis data indicated that the RCBM domain is also involved in ANO 2 inactivation, and that inactivation is suppressed in the retinal ANO 2 splice variant. These results advance the understanding of Ca(2+) regulation in anoctamin Cl(-) channels and its significance for the physiological function that anoctamin channels subserve in neurons and other cell types.

  20. Calmodulin-dependent activation and inactivation of anoctamin calcium-gated chloride channels

    PubMed Central

    Vocke, Kerstin; Dauner, Kristin; Hahn, Anne; Ulbrich, Anne; Broecker, Jana; Keller, Sandro; Frings, Stephan

    2013-01-01

    Calcium-dependent chloride channels serve critical functions in diverse biological systems. Driven by cellular calcium signals, the channels codetermine excitatory processes and promote solute transport. The anoctamin (ANO) family of membrane proteins encodes three calcium-activated chloride channels, named ANO 1 (also TMEM16A), ANO 2 (also TMEM16B), and ANO 6 (also TMEM16F). Here we examined how ANO 1 and ANO 2 interact with Ca2+/calmodulin using nonstationary current analysis during channel activation. We identified a putative calmodulin-binding domain in the N-terminal region of the channel proteins that is involved in channel activation. Binding studies with peptides indicated that this domain, a regulatory calmodulin-binding motif (RCBM), provides two distinct modes of interaction with Ca2+/calmodulin, one at submicromolar Ca2+ concentrations and one in the micromolar Ca2+ range. Functional, structural, and pharmacological data support the concept that calmodulin serves as a calcium sensor that is stably associated with the RCBM domain and regulates the activation of ANO 1 and ANO 2 channels. Moreover, the predominant splice variant of ANO 2 in the brain exhibits Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent inactivation, a loss of channel activity within 30 s. This property may curtail ANO 2 activity during persistent Ca2+ signals in neurons. Mutagenesis data indicated that the RCBM domain is also involved in ANO 2 inactivation, and that inactivation is suppressed in the retinal ANO 2 splice variant. These results advance the understanding of Ca2+ regulation in anoctamin Cl− channels and its significance for the physiological function that anoctamin channels subserve in neurons and other cell types. PMID:24081981

  1. Cell adhesion and in vivo osseointegration of sandblasted/acid etched/anodized dental implants.

    PubMed

    Kim, Mu-Hyon; Park, Kyeongsoon; Choi, Kyung-Hee; Kim, Soo-Hong; Kim, Se Eun; Jeong, Chang-Mo; Huh, Jung-Bo

    2015-05-06

    The authors describe a new type of titanium (Ti) implant as a Modi-anodized (ANO) Ti implant, the surface of which was treated by sandblasting, acid etching (SLA), and anodized techniques. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the adhesion of MG-63 cells to Modi-ANO surface treated Ti in vitro and to investigate its osseointegration characteristics in vivo. Four different types of Ti implants were examined, that is, machined Ti (control), SLA, anodized, and Modi-ANO Ti. In the cell adhesion study, Modi-ANO Ti showed higher initial MG-63 cell adhesion and induced greater filopodia growth than other groups. In vivo study in a beagle model revealed the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) of Modi-ANO Ti (74.20%±10.89%) was much greater than those of machined (33.58%±8.63%), SLA (58.47%±12.89), or ANO Ti (59.62%±18.30%). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that Modi-ANO Ti implants produced by sandblasting, acid etching, and anodizing improve cell adhesion and bone ongrowth as compared with machined, SLA, or ANO Ti implants. These findings suggest that the application of Modi-ANO surface treatment could improve the osseointegration of dental implant.

  2. More on the Abrikosov strings with non-Abelian moduli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shifman, M.; Tallarita, Gianni; Yung, Alexei

    2014-04-01

    We continue explorations of deformed Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen (ANO) strings, with non-Abelian moduli on the worldsheet. In a simple model with an extra field, we find classically stable ANO and non-Abelian strings. The tension of the latter is a few percent lower than the tension of the ANO string. Then, we calculate the interpolating field configuration. Once the kink mass Mk and the difference of tensions ΔT are found, we calculate the decay rate of the ANO string with a higher tension ("false vacuum") into the non-Abelian string with the lower tension ("genuine vacuum") through the "bubble" formation in the quasiclassical approximation.

  3. Anoctamin Calcium-Activated Chloride Channels May Modulate Inhibitory Transmission in the Cerebellar Cortex.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Weiping; Schmelzeisen, Steffen; Parthier, Daniel; Frings, Stephan; Möhrlen, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Calcium-activated chloride channels of the anoctamin (alias TMEM16) protein family fulfill critical functions in epithelial fluid transport, smooth muscle contraction and sensory signal processing. Little is known, however, about their contribution to information processing in the central nervous system. Here we examined the recent finding that a calcium-dependent chloride conductance impacts on GABAergic synaptic inhibition in Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. We asked whether anoctamin channels may underlie this chloride conductance. We identified two anoctamin channel proteins, ANO1 and ANO2, in the cerebellar cortex. ANO1 was expressed in inhibitory interneurons of the molecular layer and the granule cell layer. Both channels were expressed in Purkinje cells but, while ANO1 appeared to be retained in the cell body, ANO2 was targeted to the dendritic tree. Functional studies confirmed that ANO2 was involved in a calcium-dependent mode of ionic plasticity that reduces the efficacy of GABAergic synapses. ANO2 channels attenuated GABAergic transmission by increasing the postsynaptic chloride concentration, hence reducing the driving force for chloride influx. Our data suggest that ANO2 channels are involved in a Ca2+-dependent regulation of synaptic weight in GABAergic inhibition. Thus, in balance with the chloride extrusion mechanism via the co-transporter KCC2, ANO2 appears to regulate ionic plasticity in the cerebellum.

  4. Anoctamin Calcium-Activated Chloride Channels May Modulate Inhibitory Transmission in the Cerebellar Cortex

    PubMed Central

    Parthier, Daniel; Frings, Stephan; Möhrlen, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Calcium-activated chloride channels of the anoctamin (alias TMEM16) protein family fulfill critical functions in epithelial fluid transport, smooth muscle contraction and sensory signal processing. Little is known, however, about their contribution to information processing in the central nervous system. Here we examined the recent finding that a calcium-dependent chloride conductance impacts on GABAergic synaptic inhibition in Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. We asked whether anoctamin channels may underlie this chloride conductance. We identified two anoctamin channel proteins, ANO1 and ANO2, in the cerebellar cortex. ANO1 was expressed in inhibitory interneurons of the molecular layer and the granule cell layer. Both channels were expressed in Purkinje cells but, while ANO1 appeared to be retained in the cell body, ANO2 was targeted to the dendritic tree. Functional studies confirmed that ANO2 was involved in a calcium-dependent mode of ionic plasticity that reduces the efficacy of GABAergic synapses. ANO2 channels attenuated GABAergic transmission by increasing the postsynaptic chloride concentration, hence reducing the driving force for chloride influx. Our data suggest that ANO2 channels are involved in a Ca2+-dependent regulation of synaptic weight in GABAergic inhibition. Thus, in balance with the chloride extrusion mechanism via the co-transporter KCC2, ANO2 appears to regulate ionic plasticity in the cerebellum. PMID:26558388

  5. Characterization of Cardiac Anoctamin1 Ca2+-Activated Chloride Channels and Functional Role in Ischemia-Induced Arrhythmias

    PubMed Central

    Ye, Zhen; Wu, Ming-Ming; Wang, Chun-Yu; Li, Yan-Chao; Yu, Chang-Jiang; Gong, Yuan-Feng; Zhang, Jun; Wang, Qiu-Shi; Song, Bin-Lin; Yu, Kuai; Hartzell, H. Criss; Duan, Dayue Darrel; Zhao, Dan; Zhang, Zhi-Ren

    2015-01-01

    Anoctamin1 (ANO1) encodes a Ca2+-activated chloride (Cl−) channel (CaCC) in variety tissues of many species. Whether ANO1 expresses and functions as a CaCC in cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The objective of this study is to characterize the molecular and functional expression of ANO1 in cardiac myocytes and the role of ANO1-encoded CaCCs in ischemia-induced arrhythmias in the heart. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining assays, and immunohistochemistry identified the molecular expression, location, and distribution of ANO1 in mouse ventricular myocytes (mVMs). Patch-clamp recordings combined with pharmacological analyses found that ANO1 was responsible for a Ca2+-activated Cl− current (ICl.Ca) in cardiomyocytes. Myocardial ischemia led to a significant increase in the current density of ICl.Ca, which was inhibited by a specific ANO1 inhibitor, T16Ainh-A01, and an antibody targeting at the pore area of ANO1. Moreover, cardiomyocytes isolated from mice with ischemia-induced arrhythmias had an accelerated early phase 1 repolarization of action potentials (APs) and a deeper “spike and dome” compared to control cardiomyocytes from non-ischemia mice. Application of the antibody targeting at ANO1 pore prevented the ischemia-induced early phase 1 repolarization acceleration and caused a much shallower “spike and dome”. We conclude that ANO1 encodes CaCC and plays a significant role in the phase 1 repolarization of APs in mVMs. The ischemia-induced increase in ANO1 expression may be responsible for the increased density of ICl.Ca in the ischemic heart and may contribute, at least in part, to ischemia-induced arrhythmias. PMID:24962810

  6. Anoctamin 1 (Tmem16A) Ca2+-activated chloride channel stoichiometrically interacts with an ezrin-radixin-moesin network.

    PubMed

    Perez-Cornejo, Patricia; Gokhale, Avanti; Duran, Charity; Cui, Yuanyuan; Xiao, Qinghuan; Hartzell, H Criss; Faundez, Victor

    2012-06-26

    The newly discovered Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC), Anoctamin 1 (Ano1 or TMEM16A), has been implicated in vital physiological functions including epithelial fluid secretion, gut motility, and smooth muscle tone. Overexpression of Ano1 in HEK cells or Xenopus oocytes is sufficient to generate Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) currents, but the details of channel composition and the regulatory factors that control channel biology are incompletely understood. We used a highly sensitive quantitative SILAC proteomics approach to obtain insights into stoichiometric protein networks associated with the Ano1 channel. These studies provide a comprehensive footprint of putative Ano1 regulatory networks. We find that Ano1 associates with the signaling/scaffolding proteins ezrin, radixin, moesin, and RhoA, which link the plasma membrane to the cytoskeleton with very high stoichiometry. Ano1, ezrin, and moesin/radixin colocalize apically in salivary gland epithelial cells, and overexpression of moesin and Ano1 in HEK cells alters the subcellular localization of both proteins. Moreover, interfering RNA for moesin modifies Ano1 current without affecting its surface expression level. Another network associated with Ano1 includes the SNARE and SM proteins VAMP3, syntaxins 2 and -4, and syntaxin-binding proteins munc18b and munc18c, which are integral to translocation of vesicles to the plasma membrane. A number of other regulatory proteins, including GTPases, Ca(2+)-binding proteins, kinases, and lipid-interacting proteins are enriched in the Ano1 complex. These data provide stoichiometrically prioritized information about mechanisms regulating Ano1 function and trafficking to polarized domains of the plasma membrane.

  7. 75 FR 61226 - Exemption; Entergy Operations, Inc.; Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 and 2

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-04

    ... COMMISSION Exemption; Entergy Operations, Inc.; Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 and 2 1.0 Background Entergy..., which authorize operation of the Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 and 2 (ANO-1 and ANO-2), respectively... Release Report, covering the operation of each unit in the previous year, to be submitted prior to May 1...

  8. Clinical significance of Anoctamin-1 gene at 11q13 in the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

    PubMed Central

    Rodrigo, Juan P.; Menéndez, Sofía Tirados; Hermida-Prado, Francisco; Álvarez-Teijeiro, Saúl; Villaronga, M. Ángeles; Alonso-Durán, Laura; Vallina, Aitana; Martínez-Camblor, Pablo; Astudillo, Aurora; Suárez, Carlos; María García-Pedrero, Juana

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the clinical significance of Anoctamin-1 gene mapping at 11q13 amplicon in both the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). ANO1 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 372 surgically treated HNSCC patients and also in 35 laryngeal precancerous lesions. ANO1 gene amplification was determined by real-time PCR in all the laryngeal premalignancies and 60 of the HNSCCs, and molecular data correlated with clinical outcome. ANO1 gene amplification was frequently detected in both premalignant lesions (63%) and HNSCC tumours (58%), whereas concomitant ANO1 expression occurred at a much lower frequency (20 and 22%). Interestingly, laryngeal dysplasias harbouring ANO1 gene amplification showed a higher risk of malignant transformation (HR = 3.62; 95% CI 0.79–16.57; P = 0.097; Cox regression). ANO1 expression and gene amplification showed no significant associations with clinicopathological parameters in HNSCC. However, remarkably ANO1 expression differentially influenced patient survival depending on the tumour site. Collectively, this study provides original evidence demonstrating the distinctive impact of ANO1 expression on HNSCC prognosis depending on the tumour site. PMID:26498851

  9. Anoctamin-1 in the Juvenile Rat Urinary Bladder

    PubMed Central

    Bijos, Dominika A.; Drake, Marcus J.; Vahabi, Bahareh

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To investigate presence, location and functional role of calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) Anoctamin-1 (Ano1) in rat urinary bladder. Materials and Methods Bladders from 3 week old Wistar rats were studied. End-point PCR on total mRNA was used to assess the expression of Ano1. Immunofluorescent labelling of whole mount bladder tissue imaged with confocal microscope allowed localization of Ano1 and vimentin immunopositive cells. The effects of CaCC blockers: niflumic acid (NFA) (3,10,30 µM) and 5-Nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB) (10, 30 µM) on spontaneous phasic contractile activity of intact (with mucosa) and denuded (without mucosa) detrusor strips were measured under isometric tension in organ baths (n = 141, N = 60). Results Ano1 expression was found at mRNA level in mucosa and detrusor layers. Confocal microscopy revealed presence of Ano1 immunopositive cells in mucosa and in detrusor layers; a subpopulation of vimentin positive cells expressed Ano1. Both chloride channel blockers reduced the amplitude and frequency of phasic contractions in denuded and intact strips. Conclusions Ano1 is expressed in rat urinary bladder and is present in cells sharing markers with interstitial cells. CaCC blockers reduced phasic activity of the bladder tissue. Ano1 is expressed in the bladder and plays a role in its spontaneous phasic contractile activity. PMID:25181534

  10. Clinical significance of Anoctamin-1 gene at 11q13 in the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.

    PubMed

    Rodrigo, Juan P; Menéndez, Sofía Tirados; Hermida-Prado, Francisco; Álvarez-Teijeiro, Saúl; Villaronga, M Ángeles; Alonso-Durán, Laura; Vallina, Aitana; Martínez-Camblor, Pablo; Astudillo, Aurora; Suárez, Carlos; María García-Pedrero, Juana

    2015-10-26

    This study investigates the clinical significance of Anoctamin-1 gene mapping at 11q13 amplicon in both the development and progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). ANO1 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 372 surgically treated HNSCC patients and also in 35 laryngeal precancerous lesions. ANO1 gene amplification was determined by real-time PCR in all the laryngeal premalignancies and 60 of the HNSCCs, and molecular data correlated with clinical outcome. ANO1 gene amplification was frequently detected in both premalignant lesions (63%) and HNSCC tumours (58%), whereas concomitant ANO1 expression occurred at a much lower frequency (20 and 22%). Interestingly, laryngeal dysplasias harbouring ANO1 gene amplification showed a higher risk of malignant transformation (HR = 3.62; 95% CI 0.79-16.57; P = 0.097; Cox regression). ANO1 expression and gene amplification showed no significant associations with clinicopathological parameters in HNSCC. However, remarkably ANO1 expression differentially influenced patient survival depending on the tumour site. Collectively, this study provides original evidence demonstrating the distinctive impact of ANO1 expression on HNSCC prognosis depending on the tumour site.

  11. 78 FR 28003 - In the Matter of Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Operations, Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 and 2...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-13

    ... Holdings Corp. and operated by Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator, Inc. No physical changes to the facilities or operational changes are being proposed in the application. The interconnections that provide offsite power to ANO-1 and ANO-2 do not change as a result of the proposed direct and...

  12. Protons inhibit anoctamin 1 by competing with calcium.

    PubMed

    Chun, Hyeyeon; Cho, Hawon; Choi, Jimi; Lee, Jesun; Kim, Sung Min; Kim, Hyungsup; Oh, Uhtaek

    2015-11-01

    Cl(-) efflux through Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels (CaCCs) in secretory epithelial cells plays a key role in the regulation of fluid secretion. The fluid and electrolyte secretion is closely related to intracellular pH. CaCCs have been known to be inhibited by intracellular acid. However, the molecular mechanism for the inhibition remains unknown. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) is a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel that mediates numerous physiological functions including fluid secretion in secretory epithelia. However, little is known about whether ANO1 can be modulated by change of intracellular pH. Here, we demonstrate that Ca(2+)-induced activation of ANO1 and its homolog ANO2 are strongly inhibited by intracellular acid. Intracellular acid caused a rightward shift of the concentration-response curve of Ca(2+) in activating ANO1 and ANO2. To identify the location of the acid-induced inhibition, mutations were made on each of all histidine residues in cytoplasmic part of ANO1. However, none of the His-mutant showed the reduction in the acid-induced inhibition. Furthermore, mutation on Glu- or Asp-residues in the multiple acidic-amino acid regions was ineffective in blocking the acid-induced inhibition. Because the Ca(2+)-binding site of a fungal anoctamin (nhTMEM16) was uncovered by crystallography, mutagenesis was performed in this region. Surprisingly, mutations at Glu, Asp or Asn residues in the hydrophobic core that are known to be essential for Ca(2+)-induced activation of ANO1 blocked the acid-induced inhibition. These results suggest that protons interfere with Ca(2+) at the Ca(2+) binding site of ANO1. These findings provide a molecular mechanism underlying the acid-induced inhibition of ANO1, which may contribute to control fluid and electrolyte secretion in the secretory epithelia. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. Anoctamins support calcium-dependent chloride secretion by facilitating calcium signaling in adult mouse intestine.

    PubMed

    Schreiber, Rainer; Faria, Diana; Skryabin, Boris V; Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Rock, Jason R; Kunzelmann, Karl

    2015-06-01

    Intestinal epithelial electrolyte secretion is activated by increase in intracellular cAMP or Ca(2+) and opening of apical Cl(-) channels. In infants and young animals, but not in adults, Ca(2+)-activated chloride channels may cause secretory diarrhea during rotavirus infection. While detailed knowledge exists concerning the contribution of cAMP-activated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channels, analysis of the role of Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels became possible through identification of the anoctamin (TMEM16) family of proteins. We demonstrate expression of several anoctamin paralogues in mouse small and large intestines. Using intestinal-specific mouse knockout models for anoctamin 1 (Ano1) and anoctamin 10 (Ano10) and a conventional knockout model for anoctamin 6 (Ano6), we demonstrate the role of anoctamins for Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion induced by the muscarinic agonist carbachol (CCH). Ano1 is preferentially expressed in the ileum and large intestine, where it supports Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) secretion. In contrast, Ano10 is essential for Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion in jejunum, where expression of Ano1 was not detected. Although broadly expressed, Ano6 has no role in intestinal cholinergic Cl(-) secretion. Ano1 is located in a basolateral compartment/membrane rather than in the apical membrane, where it supports CCH-induced Ca(2+) increase, while the essential and possibly only apical Cl(-) channel is CFTR. These results define a new role of Ano1 for intestinal Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion and demonstrate for the first time a contribution of Ano10 to intestinal transport.

  14. Genomic, Physiologic, and Symbiotic Characterization of Serratia marcescens Strains Isolated from the Mosquito Anopheles stephensi

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Shicheng; Blom, Jochen; Walker, Edward D.

    2017-01-01

    Strains of Serratia marcescens, originally isolated from the gut lumen of adult female Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes, established persistent infection at high rates in adult A. stephensi whether fed to larvae or in the sugar meal to adults. By contrast, the congener S. fonticola originating from Aedes triseriatus had lower infection in A. stephensi, suggesting co-adaptation of Serratia strains in different species of host mosquitoes. Coinfection at high infection rate in adult A. stephensi resulted after feeding S. marcescens and Elizabethkingia anophelis in the sugar meal, but when fed together to larvae, infection rates with E. anophelis were much higher than were S. marcescens in adult A. stephensi, suggesting a suppression effect of coinfection across life stages. A primary isolate of S. marcescens was resistant to all tested antibiotics, showed high survival in the mosquito gut, and produced alpha-hemolysins which contributed to lysis of erythrocytes ingested with the blood meal. Genomes of two primary isolates from A. stephensi, designated S. marcescens ano1 and ano2, were sequenced and compared to other Serratia symbionts associated with insects, nematodes and plants. Serratia marcescens ano1 and ano2 had predicted virulence factors possibly involved in attacking parasites and/or causing opportunistic infection in mosquito hosts. S. marcescens ano1 and ano2 possessed multiple mechanisms for antagonism against other microorganisms, including production of bacteriocins and multi-antibiotic resistance determinants. These genes contributing to potential anti-malaria activity including serralysins, hemolysins and chitinases are only found in some Serratia species. It is interesting that genome sequences in S. marcescens ano1 and ano2 are distinctly different from those in Serratia sp. Ag1 and Ag2 which were isolated from Anopheles gambiae. Compared to Serratia sp. Ag1 and Ag2, S. marcescens ano1 and ano2 have more rRNAs and many important genes involved in

  15. Proteomics and Genetics for Identification of a Bacterial Antimonite Oxidase in Agrobacterium tumefaciens.

    PubMed

    Li, Jingxin; Wang, Qian; Li, Mingshun; Yang, Birong; Shi, Manman; Guo, Wei; McDermott, Timothy R; Rensing, Christopher; Wang, Gejiao

    2015-05-19

    Antimony (Sb) and its compounds are listed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA, 1979) and the European Union (CEC, 1976) as a priority pollutant. Microbial redox transformations are presumed to be an important part of antimony cycling in nature; however, regulation of these processes and the enzymology involved are unknown. In this study, comparative proteomics and reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis of Sb(III)-oxidizing bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4 revealed an oxidoreductase (anoA) is widely distributed in microorganisms, including at least some documented to be able to oxidize Sb(III). Deletion of the anoA gene reduced Sb(III) resistance and decreased Sb(III) oxidation by ∼27%, whereas the anoA complemented strain was similar to the wild type GW4 and a GW4 anoA overexpressing strain increased Sb(III) oxidation by ∼34%. Addition of Sb(III) up-regulated anoA expression and cloning anoA to Escherichia coli demonstrated direct transferability of this activity. A His-tag purified AnoA was found to require NADP(+) as cofactor, and exhibited a K(m) for Sb(III) of 64 ± 10 μM and a V(max) of 150 ± 7 nmol min(-1) mg(-1). This study contributes important initial steps toward a mechanistic understanding of microbe-antimony interactions and enhances our understanding of how microorganisms participate in antimony biogeochemical cycling in nature.

  16. Anacardium occidentale Linn. (Anacardiaceae) stem bark extract induces hypotensive and cardio-inhibitory effects in experimental animal models.

    PubMed

    Tchikaya, Francis Olivier; Bantsielé, Guy Bernard; Kouakou-Siransy, Gisèle; Datté, Jacques Yao; Yapo, Paul Angoue; Zirihi, Noel Guedé; Offoumou, Michel Atté

    2011-01-01

    Anacardium occidentale Linn. (Anacardiaceae) is a plant largely used in Africa for the treatment of different diseases. In Côte d'Ivoire it's commonly used for the treatment of hypertension. The present study was carried out in order to assess the effects of Anacardium occidentale extract (ANOE) on cardiovascular parameters in animal models. A mercury manometer kymograph of Ludwig was used to measure the blood pressure of normotensive rabbits in control conditions (normal physiological solution) and under the influence of ANOE. The contractile activity of an isolated rat heart was also measured in control conditions and under the influence of ANOE in different physiological media using a modified Langendhorff (1895) apparatus. The aqueous Anacardium occidentale (ANOE) bark extract applied intravenously in different doses (12, 40, 90, and 167 mg/kg b.w.), produced a significant dose-dependent decrease in blood pressure of previously normotensive rabbits (up to 89% vs control). Atropine (1 mg/ml) pre-treatment failed to reverse the hypotensive effects elicited by the extract. ANOE applied to isolated rat heart preparations in different concentrations (0.01, 0.1, 1.0, and 10 µg/ml) induced negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. Atropine pre-treatment of heart preparations (0.1 µg/ml) failed to reverse the negative effects induced by ANOE. The extract's action on heart contractile activity studied in modified culture media further confirmed its cardio-inhibitory effects. ANOE induced strong hypotensive and cardio-inhibitory effects in animal models.

  17. SURFACE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY OF MASSETER AND TEMPORAL MUSCLES WITH USE PERCENTAGE WHILE CHEWING ON CANDIDATES FOR GASTROPLASTY.

    PubMed

    Santos, Andréa Cavalcante Dos; Silva, Carlos Antonio Bruno da

    . Utilizado Eletromiógrafo de Superfície Miotool 200/400 (Miotec(r), Porto Alegre/RS, Brasil) integrado ao software Miograph 2.0 em pacientes entre 20-40 anos candidatos à gastroplastia. Foram incluídos dados relativos à atividade elétrica simultânea e em pares dos grupos musculares temporais e masséteres em repouso, máxima intercuspidação habitual e durante mastigação de alimento previamente classificado. Foram analisados 39 pacientes (59% feminino), média de idade de 27,1+5,7. O percentual de uso se concentrou em musculatura temporal, em faixa de 11-20% no sexo feminino (n=11; 47,82%) referente à lateral esquerda e 15 (65,21%) na lateral direita. No masculino, nove (56,25%) na lateral esquerda e 12 (75,00%) na lateral direita. Em masséteres, também na faixa de 11-20% no sexo feminino (n=10; 43,48%) referente à lateral esquerda e 11 (47,83%) na lateral direita. No masculino, nove (56,25%) na lateral esquerda e oito (50,00%) na lateral direita. Entre 40-50% da amostra houve variação na atividade elétrica em masséteres e temporais, e, após transformação em valor percentual, facilitou-se a comparação da carga de atividade elétrica utilizada entre o grupo, bem como obteve-se percentual de uso de fibras musculares envolvendo valores de 11-20%, representando uma faixa que se considera como referencial para o grupo estudado. O gênero não constituiu variável em pacientes obesos mórbidos.

  18. Uso de simulações na determinação de cores intrínsecas de estrelas no infravermelho

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rembold, S. B.; Ribeiro, D.; Ducati, J. R.; Bevilacqua, C.

    2003-08-01

    Apresentamos o método e alguns resultados preliminares da aplicação de simulações na determinação das cores intrínsecas de estrelas no infravermelho. A simulação consiste em gerar diagramas cor versus temperatura efetiva de estrelas sinteticas, para uma faixa de valores iniciais da cor intrínseca para cada tipo espectral. Os diagramas gerados sinteticamente são comparados com diagramas gerados a partir de observacoes e, com isso, extrai-se a cor intrínseca que melhor descreve as observações. Mostramos tabelas preliminares de cores intrínsecas e comparamos seu comportamento com determinações prévias e de outros autores.

  19. Computer-Based Maintenance Aids for Technicians

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-01

    ANO INSTALL Tog ENGINE STARTEQ CONTROL VALVE C-tA R EPAIR NOTES * (13 K SLe TO CAP THE SMALL AIR TUIES TO KEEP OUST OUT OF TMi STARTER. (23 ALL NUiTS...SHOULO 14 TORMUO TO 50-55 FOOT-PONOS. (21 SAFETV WIRE ALL NUTS ANO ELECTRICAL FITTINGS. (43 CAP AL. PORTS OPPEDE 1N TIE STARTER ANO EN41E. (S3 iK...EQUIPMENT IS IN THE CORRECT CONDITION FOR MAINTENANCE. - REMOVE FILTER ELEMENT FROM THE FUEL PUMP . - DISASSEMBLE FUEL PUMP FILTER ELEMENT. - INSPECT

  20. Neuronal mechanisms of the anoxia-induced network oscillations in the rat hippocampus in vitro.

    PubMed

    Dzhala, V; Khalilov, I; Ben-Ari, Y; Khazipov, R

    2001-10-15

    1. A spindle of fast network oscillations precedes the ischaemia-induced rapid depolarisation in the rat hippocampus in vivo. However, this oscillatory pattern could not be reproduced in slices and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We have found that anoxia-induced network oscillations (ANOs, 20-40 Hz, lasting for 1-2 min) can be reproduced in the intact hippocampi of postnatal day P7-10 rats in vitro, and we have examined the underlying mechanisms using whole-cell and extracellular field potential recordings in a CA3 pyramidal layer. 2. ANOs were generated at the beginning of the anoxic depolarisation, when pyramidal cells depolarised to subthreshold values. Maximal power of the ANOs was attained when pyramidal cells depolarised to -56 mV; depolarisation above -47 mV resulted in a depolarisation block of pyramidal cells and a waning of ANOs. 3. A multiple unit activity in extracellular field recordings was phase locked to the negative and ascending phases of ANOs. Pyramidal cells recorded in current-clamp mode generated action potentials with an average probability of about 0.05 per cycle. The AMPA receptor-mediated EPSCs and the GABA receptor-mediated IPSCs in CA3 pyramidal cells were also phase locked with ANOs. 4. ANOs were prevented by tetrodotoxin and glutamate receptor antagonists CNQX and APV, and were slowed down by the allosteric GABA(A) receptor modulator diazepam. In the presence of the GABA(A) receptor antagonist bicuculline, ANOs were transformed to epileptiform discharges. 5. In the presence of the A1 adenosine receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), the anoxia induced an epileptiform activity and no ANOs were observed. 6. In normoxic conditions, a rise of extracellular potassium to 10 mM induced an epileptiform activity. Increasing extracellular potassium in conjunction with a bath application of the adenosine A1 receptor agonist cyclopentyladenosine induced oscillations similar to ANOs. 7. Multisite

  1. Neuronal mechanisms of the anoxia-induced network oscillations in the rat hippocampus in vitro

    PubMed Central

    Dzhala, Volodymyr; Khalilov, Ilgam; Ben-Ari, Yehezkiel; Khazipov, Roustem

    2001-01-01

    A spindle of fast network oscillations precedes the ischaemia-induced rapid depolarisation in the rat hippocampus in vivo. However, this oscillatory pattern could not be reproduced in slices and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We have found that anoxia-induced network oscillations (ANOs, 20–40 Hz, lasting for 1–2 min) can be reproduced in the intact hippocampi of postnatal day P7–10 rats in vitro, and we have examined the underlying mechanisms using whole-cell and extracellular field potential recordings in a CA3 pyramidal layer.ANOs were generated at the beginning of the anoxic depolarisation, when pyramidal cells depolarised to subthreshold values. Maximal power of the ANOs was attained when pyramidal cells depolarised to −56 mV; depolarisation above −47 mV resulted in a depolarisation block of pyramidal cells and a waning of ANOs.A multiple unit activity in extracellular field recordings was phase locked to the negative and ascending phases of ANOs. Pyramidal cells recorded in current-clamp mode generated action potentials with an average probability of about 0.05 per cycle. The AMPA receptor-mediated EPSCs and the GABA receptor-mediated IPSCs in CA3 pyramidal cells were also phase locked with ANOs.ANOs were prevented by tetrodotoxin and glutamate receptor antagonists CNQX and APV, and were slowed down by the allosteric GABAA receptor modulator diazepam. In the presence of the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline, ANOs were transformed to epileptiform discharges.In the presence of the A1 adenosine receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), the anoxia induced an epileptiform activity and no ANOs were observed.In normoxic conditions, a rise of extracellular potassium to 10 mm induced an epileptiform activity. Increasing extracellular potassium in conjunction with a bath application of the adenosine A1 receptor agonist cyclopentyladenosine induced oscillations similar to ANOs.Multisite recordings along the septo

  2. The Ca2+-activated chloride channel anoctamin-2 mediates spike-frequency adaptation and regulates sensory transmission in thalamocortical neurons

    PubMed Central

    Ha, Go Eun; Lee, Jaekwang; Kwak, Hankyul; Song, Kiyeong; Kwon, Jea; Jung, Soon-Young; Hong, Joohyeon; Chang, Gyeong-Eon; Hwang, Eun Mi; Shin, Hee-Sup; Lee, C. Justin; Cheong, Eunji

    2016-01-01

    Neuronal firing patterns, which are crucial for determining the nature of encoded information, have been widely studied; however, the molecular identity and cellular mechanisms of spike-frequency adaptation are still not fully understood. Here we show that spike-frequency adaptation in thalamocortical (TC) neurons is mediated by the Ca2+-activated Cl− channel (CACC) anoctamin-2 (ANO2). Knockdown of ANO2 in TC neurons results in significantly reduced spike-frequency adaptation along with increased tonic spiking. Moreover, thalamus-specific knockdown of ANO2 increases visceral pain responses. These results indicate that ANO2 contributes to reductions in spike generation in highly activated TC neurons and thereby restricts persistent information transmission. PMID:27991499

  3. The talitrid amphipods of Tonga (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Talitridae).

    PubMed

    Lowry, J K; Bopiah, Arundathi

    2013-01-01

    One new genus and four species of talitrid amphipods are described from Tonga: Platorchestia ano sp. nov.; Talorchestia spinipalma (Dana, 1852); Tongorchestia pangaimotu gen. nov., sp. nov.; T. towneri sp. nov.

  4. The LPMS-V installation and operational experience at Arkansas nuclear one

    SciTech Connect

    Lexa, A.F. : Hudson, E.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a new replacement system for the existing vibrations and loose parts monitoring system for the Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) units 1 and 2, in Russellville, Arkansas. The installation and operational history are also discussed.

  5. Annual Research Progress Report, Fiscal Year 1988. Volume 1. (Brooke Army Medical Center)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-10-01

    Ped. Surg., 22(11):1055, 1987. Ludomirsky, A., Danford, D., Glasow, P.G., et al. Evaluation of coronary artery fistula by color Doppler... Fistula -in-Ano. Society of Air Force Clinical Surgery, Oakland, CA, Apr 88. Rosenthal, D. Colerectal Trauma. USAREUR Annual Meeting, Garmish, France, 6...Reoperation for Fistula -In-Ano. ACOS, Boston, MA, Jun 88. Ane.sthesia and ,p, rative Service Middaugh, R.E. Rpversal of Respiratory Depression

  6. Investigative Study of the Development of a Dry Whole Milk Substitute for Ration Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    MILK DRINK. IN THIS STUDY SALT, SUGAR, ANO VANILLIN LEVELS WERE SCREENED ANO IT WAS DETERMINED THAT SALT AT 0.01$ IN COMBINATION WITH SUGAR AT 0.2...AND VANILLIN AT 0.00025$ OF THE LIQUID MILK GAVE THE APPEARANCE OF A RICHER END PRODUCT. |N CONJUNCTION WITH THESE STUDIES, ALTERNATE MILK FLAVOR...LIQUID PRODUCT. THESE LEVELS FOR SALT, SUGAR, VANILLIN , AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR WERE INCORPORATED INTO THIS SERIES FOR FURTHER TESTING. IN AN EFFORT

  7. Sodium Nitrite-Mediated Killing of the Major Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Burkholderia cepacia under Anaerobic Planktonic and Biofilm Conditions▿

    PubMed Central

    Major, Tiffany A.; Panmanee, Warunya; Mortensen, Joel E.; Gray, Larry D.; Hoglen, Niel; Hassett, Daniel J.

    2010-01-01

    A hallmark of airways in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is highly refractory, chronic infections by several opportunistic bacterial pathogens. A recent study demonstrated that acidified sodium nitrite (A-NO2−) killed the highly refractory mucoid form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a pathogen that significantly compromises lung function in CF patients (S. S. Yoon et al., J. Clin. Invest. 116:436-446, 2006). Therefore, the microbicidal activity of A-NO2− (pH 6.5) against the following three major CF pathogens was assessed: P. aeruginosa (a mucoid, mucA22 mutant and a sequenced nonmucoid strain, PAO1), Staphylococcus aureus USA300 (methicillin resistant), and Burkholderia cepacia, a notoriously antibiotic-resistant organism. Under planktonic, anaerobic conditions, growth of all strains except for P. aeruginosa PAO1 was inhibited by 7.24 mM (512 μg ml−1 NO2−). B. cepacia was particularly sensitive to low concentrations of A-NO2− (1.81 mM) under planktonic conditions. In antibiotic-resistant communities known as biofilms, which are reminiscent of end-stage CF airway disease, A-NO2− killed mucoid P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and B. cepacia; 1 to 2 logs of cells were killed after a 2-day incubation with a single dose of ∼15 mM A-NO2−. Animal toxicology and phase I human trials indicate that these bactericidal levels of A-NO2− can be easily attained by aerosolization. Thus, in summary, we demonstrate that A-NO2− is very effective at killing these important CF pathogens and could be effective in other infectious settings, particularly under anaerobic conditions where bacterial defenses against the reduction product of A-NO2−, nitric oxide (NO), are dramatically reduced. PMID:20696868

  8. Sodium nitrite-mediated killing of the major cystic fibrosis pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Burkholderia cepacia under anaerobic planktonic and biofilm conditions.

    PubMed

    Major, Tiffany A; Panmanee, Warunya; Mortensen, Joel E; Gray, Larry D; Hoglen, Niel; Hassett, Daniel J

    2010-11-01

    A hallmark of airways in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is highly refractory, chronic infections by several opportunistic bacterial pathogens. A recent study demonstrated that acidified sodium nitrite (A-NO(2)(-)) killed the highly refractory mucoid form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a pathogen that significantly compromises lung function in CF patients (S. S. Yoon et al., J. Clin. Invest. 116:436-446, 2006). Therefore, the microbicidal activity of A-NO(2)(-) (pH 6.5) against the following three major CF pathogens was assessed: P. aeruginosa (a mucoid, mucA22 mutant and a sequenced nonmucoid strain, PAO1), Staphylococcus aureus USA300 (methicillin resistant), and Burkholderia cepacia, a notoriously antibiotic-resistant organism. Under planktonic, anaerobic conditions, growth of all strains except for P. aeruginosa PAO1 was inhibited by 7.24 mM (512 μg ml(-1) NO(2)(-)). B. cepacia was particularly sensitive to low concentrations of A-NO(2)(-) (1.81 mM) under planktonic conditions. In antibiotic-resistant communities known as biofilms, which are reminiscent of end-stage CF airway disease, A-NO(2)(-) killed mucoid P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and B. cepacia; 1 to 2 logs of cells were killed after a 2-day incubation with a single dose of ∼15 mM A-NO(2)(-). Animal toxicology and phase I human trials indicate that these bactericidal levels of A-NO(2)(-) can be easily attained by aerosolization. Thus, in summary, we demonstrate that A-NO(2)(-) is very effective at killing these important CF pathogens and could be effective in other infectious settings, particularly under anaerobic conditions where bacterial defenses against the reduction product of A-NO(2)(-), nitric oxide (NO), are dramatically reduced.

  9. Sample Data Processing.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-08-01

    Cosentlno S. J. Meehan __ S. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION MAMIE ANO AOORESS SO. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASKC The MTRE orportionAREA & WORK UNIT NUM@UERSThe...MITRE Corporation .€ oxui ue~ P. 0. Box 208 62702FBedford MA 01730 MOIE7090 • • ’ It. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAMIE ANo AOREUs 12. RPORT OATC ESD/TOF...communications systems. The work in FY81 focused on two areas: development and evaluation of a simple technique for secure transmission S S of voice-band

  10. Slow rotational mobilities of antibodies and lipids associated with substrate-supported phospholipid monolayers as measured by polarized fluorescence photobleaching recovery.

    PubMed Central

    Timbs, M M; Thompson, N L

    1990-01-01

    Polarized fluorescence photobleaching recovery has been used to monitor slow rotational motions of a fluorescently-labeled anti-dinitrophenyl mouse IgGl monoclonal antibody (ANO2) specifically bound to substrate-supported monolayers composed of a mixture of distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) and dinitrophenyldioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DNP-DOPE). ANO2 antibodies were labeled with a new bifunctional carbocyanine fluorophore that has two amino-reactive groups; steady-state fluorescence anisotropy data confirmed the expected result that the ANO2-conjugated bifunctional probe had less independent flexibility than ANO2-conjugated unifunctional fluorescence labels. Rotational mobilities were also measured for the fluorescent lipid 1,1'-dioctadecyl 3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine (dil) in DSPC and in mixed DSPC/DNP-DOPE monolayers in the presence and absence of unlabeled ANO2 antibodies. The apparent rotational correlation time and fractional mobility of ANO2 on supported monolayers were approximately 70 and approximately 0.3 s, respectively. These measured parameters of rotational mobility did not depend on the ANO2 surface density or on kinetic factors, but addition of unlabeled polyclonal anti-(mouse IgG) antibodies significantly decreased the apparent mobile fraction. The measured fluorescence recovery curves for dil were consistent with two fluorophore populations with rotational correlation times of approximately 4 and approximately 100 s and a population of immobile fluorescent lipid. No difference in fluorescence recovery and decay curves was measured for dil in DSPC monolayers, DSPC/DNP-DOPE monolayers, and DSPC/DNP-DOPE monolayers treated with unlabeled ANO2 antibodies. PMID:2207246

  11. MONNA, a potent and selective blocker for transmembrane protein with unknown function 16/anoctamin-1.

    PubMed

    Oh, Soo-Jin; Hwang, Seok Jin; Jung, Jonghoon; Yu, Kuai; Kim, Jeongyeon; Choi, Jung Yoon; Hartzell, H Criss; Roh, Eun Joo; Lee, C Justin

    2013-11-01

    Transmembrane protein with unknown function 16/anoctamin-1 (ANO1) is a protein widely expressed in mammalian tissues, and it has the properties of the classic calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC). This protein has been implicated in numerous major physiological functions. However, the lack of effective and selective blockers has hindered a detailed study of the physiological functions of this channel. In this study, we have developed a potent and selective blocker for endogenous ANO1 in Xenopus laevis oocytes (xANO1) using a drug screening method we previously established (Oh et al., 2008). We have synthesized a number of anthranilic acid derivatives and have determined the correlation between biological activity and the nature and position of substituents in these derived compounds. A structure-activity relationship revealed novel chemical classes of xANO1 blockers. The derivatives contain a --NO₂ group on position 5 of a naphthyl group-substituted anthranilic acid, and they fully blocked xANO1 chloride currents with an IC₅₀ < 10 μM. The most potent blocker, N-((4-methoxy)-2-naphthyl)-5-nitroanthranilic acid (MONNA), had an IC₅₀ of 0.08 μM for xANO1. Selectivity tests revealed that other chloride channels such as bestrophin-1, chloride channel protein 2, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator were not appreciably blocked by 10∼30 μM MONNA. The potent and selective blockers for ANO1 identified here should permit pharmacological dissection of ANO1/CaCC function and serve as potential candidates for drug therapy of related diseases such as hypertension, cystic fibrosis, bronchitis, asthma, and hyperalgesia.

  12. A Putative ABC Transporter Permease Is Necessary for Resistance to Acidified Nitrite and EDTA in Pseudomonas aeruginosa under Aerobic and Anaerobic Planktonic and Biofilm Conditions

    PubMed Central

    McDaniel, Cameron; Su, Shengchang; Panmanee, Warunya; Lau, Gee W.; Browne, Tristan; Cox, Kevin; Paul, Andrew T.; Ko, Seung-Hyun B.; Mortensen, Joel E.; Lam, Joseph S.; Muruve, Daniel A.; Hassett, Daniel J.

    2016-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is an important airway pathogen of cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive disease patients. Multiply drug resistant PA is becoming increasing prevalent and new strategies are needed to combat such insidious organisms. We have previously shown that a mucoid, mucA22 mutant PA is exquisitely sensitive to acidified nitrite (A-NO2−, pH 6.5) at concentrations that are well tolerated in humans. Here, we used a transposon mutagenesis approach to identify PA mutants that are hypersensitive to A-NO2−. Among greater than 10,000 mutants screened, we focused on PA4455, in which the transposon was found to disrupt the production of a putative cytoplasmic membrane-spanning ABC transporter permease. The PA4455 mutant was not only highly sensitive to A-NO2−, but also the membrane perturbing agent, EDTA and the antibiotics doxycycline, tigecycline, colistin, and chloramphenicol, respectively. Treatment of bacteria with A-NO2− plus EDTA, however, had the most dramatic and synergistic effect, with virtually all bacteria killed by 10 mM A-NO2−, and EDTA (1 mM, aerobic, anaerobic). Most importantly, the PA4455 mutant was also sensitive to A-NO2− in biofilms. A-NO2− sensitivity and an anaerobic growth defect was also noted in two mutants (rmlC and wbpM) that are defective in B-band LPS synthesis, potentially indicating a membrane defect in the PA4455 mutant. Finally, this study describes a gene, PA4455, that when mutated, allows for dramatic sensitivity to the potential therapeutic agent, A-NO2− as well as EDTA. Furthermore, the synergy between the two compounds could offer future benefits against antibiotic resistant PA strains. PMID:27064218

  13. Defective membrane fusion and repair in Anoctamin5-deficient muscular dystrophy

    PubMed Central

    Griffin, Danielle A.; Johnson, Ryan W.; Whitlock, Jarred M.; Pozsgai, Eric R.; Heller, Kristin N.; Grose, William E.; Arnold, W. David; Sahenk, Zarife; Hartzell, H. Criss; Rodino-Klapac, Louise R.

    2016-01-01

    Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies are a genetically diverse group of diseases characterized by chronic muscle wasting and weakness. Recessive mutations in ANO5 (TMEM16E) have been directly linked to several clinical phenotypes including limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2L and Miyoshi myopathy type 3, although the pathogenic mechanism has remained elusive. ANO5 is a member of the Anoctamin/TMEM16 superfamily that encodes both ion channels and regulators of membrane phospholipid scrambling. The phenotypic overlap of ANO5 myopathies with dysferlin-associated muscular dystrophies has inspired the hypothesis that ANO5, like dysferlin, may be involved in the repair of muscle membranes following injury. Here we show that Ano5-deficient mice have reduced capacity to repair the sarcolemma following laser-induced damage, exhibit delayed regeneration after cardiotoxin injury and suffer from defective myoblast fusion necessary for the proper repair and regeneration of multinucleated myotubes. Together, these data suggest that ANO5 plays an important role in sarcolemmal membrane dynamics. Genbank Mouse Genome Informatics accession no. 3576659. PMID:26911675

  14. Anoctamin 6 is localized in the primary cilium of renal tubular cells and is involved in apoptosis-dependent cyst lumen formation

    PubMed Central

    Forschbach, V; Goppelt-Struebe, M; Kunzelmann, K; Schreiber, R; Piedagnel, R; Kraus, A; Eckardt, K-U; Buchholz, B

    2015-01-01

    Primary cilia are antenna-like structures projected from the apical surface of various mammalian cells including renal tubular cells. Functional or structural defects of the cilium lead to systemic disorders comprising polycystic kidneys as a key feature. Here we show that anoctamin 6 (ANO6), a member of the anoctamin chloride channel family, is localized in the primary cilium of renal epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. ANO6 was not essential for cilia formation and had no effect on in vitro cyst expansion. However, knockdown of ANO6 impaired cyst lumen formation of MDCK cells in three-dimensional culture. In the absence of ANO6, apoptosis was reduced and epithelial cells were incompletely removed from the center of cell aggregates, which form in the early phase of cystogenesis. In line with these data, we show that ANO6 is highly expressed in apoptotic cyst epithelial cells of human polycystic kidneys. These data identify ANO6 as a cilium-associated protein and suggest its functional relevance in cyst formation. PMID:26448322

  15. Explaining Calcium-Dependent Gating of Anoctamin-1 Chloride Channels Requires a Revised Topology

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Kuai; Duran, Charity; Qu, Zhiqiang; Cui, Yuan-Yuan; Hartzell, H. Criss

    2013-01-01

    Rationale Ca2+-activated Cl channels (CaCCs) play pivotal roles in the cardiovascular system: they regulate vascular smooth muscle tone and participate in cardiac action potential repolarization in some species. CaCCs were recently discovered to be encoded by members of the Anoctamin (Ano, also called Tmem16) superfamily, but the mechanisms of Ano1 gating by Ca2+ remain enigmatic. Objective The objective was to identify regions of Ano1 involved in channel gating by Ca2+. Methods and results The Ca2+ sensitivity of Ano1 was estimated from rates of current activation and deactivation in excised patches rapidly switched between zero and high Ca2+ on the cytoplasmic side. Mutation of glutamates E702 and E705 dramatically altered Ca2+ sensitivity. E702 and E705 are predicted to be in an extracellular loop, but antigenic epitopes introduced into this loop are not accessible to extracellular antibodies, suggesting this loop is intracellular. Cytoplasmically-applied membrane-impermeant sulfhydryl reagents alter the Ca2+ sensitivity of Ano1 E702C and E705C, as expected if E702 and E705 are intracellular. Substituted cysteine accessibility mutagenesis of the putative re-entrant loop suggests that E702 and E705 are located adjacent to the Cl conduction pathway. Conclusions We propose an alternative model of Ano1 topology based on mutagenesis, epitope accessibility, and cysteine-scanning accessibility. These data contradict the popular re-entrant loop model by showing that the putative 4th extracellular loop (ECL 4) is intracellular and may contain a Ca2+ binding site. These studies provide new perspectives on regulation of Ano1 by Ca2+. PMID:22394518

  16. Presynaptic Localization and Possible Function of Calcium-Activated Chloride Channel Anoctamin 1 in the Mammalian Retina

    PubMed Central

    Chun, Myung-Hoon; Oh, Uhtaek; Kim, In-Beom

    2013-01-01

    Calcium (Ca2+)-activated chloride (Cl−) channels (CaCCs) play a role in the modulation of action potentials and synaptic responses in the somatodendritic regions of central neurons. In the vertebrate retina, large Ca2+-activated Cl− currents (ICl(Ca)) regulate synaptic transmission at photoreceptor terminals; however, the molecular identity of CaCCs that mediate ICl(Ca) remains unclear. The transmembrane protein, TMEM16A, also called anoctamin 1 (ANO1), has been recently validated as a CaCC and is widely expressed in various secretory epithelia and nervous tissues. Despite the fact that tmem16a was first cloned in the retina, there is little information on its cellular localization and function in the mammalian retina. In this study, we found that ANO1 was abundantly expressed as puncta in 2 synaptic layers. More specifically, ANO1 immunoreactivity was observed in the presynaptic terminals of various retinal neurons, including photoreceptors. ICl(Ca) was first detected in dissociated rod bipolar cells expressing ANO1. ICl(Ca) was abolished by treatment with the Ca2+ channel blocker Co2+, the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker nifedipine, and the Cl− channel blockers 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB) and niflumic acid (NFA). More specifically, a recently discovered ANO1-selective inhibitor, T16Ainh-A01, and a neutralizing antibody against ANO1 inhibited ICl(Ca) in rod bipolar cells. Under a current-clamping mode, the suppression of ICl(Ca) by using NPPB and T16Ainh-A01 caused a prolonged Ca2+ spike-like depolarization evoked by current injection in dissociated rod bipolar cells. These results suggest that ANO1 confers ICl(Ca) in retinal neurons and acts as an intrinsic regulator of the presynaptic membrane potential during synaptic transmission. PMID:23840801

  17. Mercury exposure, serum antinuclear/antinucleolar antibodies, and serum cytokine levels in mining populations in Amazonian Brazil: A cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Gardner, Renee M.; Nyland, Jennifer F.; Silva, Ines A.; Ventura, Ana Maria; Souza, Jose Maria de; Silbergeld, Ellen K.

    2010-01-01

    Mercury is an immunotoxic substance that has been shown to induce autoimmune disease in rodent models, characterized by lymphoproliferation, overproduction of immunoglobulin (IgG and IgE), and high circulating levels of autoantibodies directed at antigens located in the nucleus (anti-nuclear autoantibodies, or ANA) or the nucleolus (anti-nucleolar autoantibodies, or ANoA). We have reported elevated levels of ANA and ANoA in human populations exposed to mercury in artisanal gold mining, though other confounding variables that may also modulate ANA/ANoA levels were not well-controlled. The goal of this study is to specifically test whether occupational and environmental conditions (other than mercury exposure) that are associated with artisanal gold mining affect the prevalence of markers of autoimmune dysfunction. We measured ANA, ANoA, and cytokine concentrations in serum and compared results from mercury-exposed artisanal gold miners to those from diamond and emerald miners working under similar conditions and with similar socioeconomic status and risks of infectious disease. Mercury-exposed gold miners had higher prevalence of detectable ANA and ANoA and higher titers of ANA and ANoA as compared to diamond and emerald miners with no occupational mercury exposure. Also, mercury-exposed gold-miners with detectable ANA or ANoA in serum had significantly higher concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, and IFN-γ in serum as compared to the diamond and emerald miners. This study provides further evidence that mercury exposure may lead to autoimmune dysfunction and systemic inflammation in affected populations. PMID:20176347

  18. Mercury exposure, serum antinuclear/antinucleolar antibodies, and serum cytokine levels in mining populations in Amazonian Brazil: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Gardner, Renee M; Nyland, Jennifer F; Silva, Ines A; Ventura, Ana Maria; de Souza, Jose Maria; Silbergeld, Ellen K

    2010-05-01

    Mercury is an immunotoxic substance that has been shown to induce autoimmune disease in rodent models, characterized by lymphoproliferation, overproduction of immunoglobulin (IgG and IgE), and high circulating levels of auto-antibodies directed at antigens located in the nucleus (antinuclear auto-antibodies, or ANA) or the nucleolus (antinucleolar auto-antibodies, or ANoA). We have reported elevated levels of ANA and ANoA in human populations exposed to mercury in artisanal gold mining, though other confounding variables that may also modulate ANA/ANoA levels were not well controlled. The goal of this study is to specifically test whether occupational and environmental conditions (other than mercury exposure) that are associated with artisanal gold mining affect the prevalence of markers of autoimmune dysfunction. We measured ANA, ANoA, and cytokine concentrations in serum and compared results from mercury-exposed artisanal gold miners to those from diamond and emerald miners working under similar conditions and with similar socio-economic status and risks of infectious disease. Mercury-exposed gold miners had higher prevalence of detectable ANA and ANoA and higher titers of ANA and ANoA as compared to diamond and emerald miners with no occupational mercury exposure. Also, mercury-exposed gold miners with detectable ANA or ANoA in serum had significantly higher concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma in serum as compared to the diamond and emerald miners. This study provides further evidence that mercury exposure may lead to autoimmune dysfunction and systemic inflammation in affected populations. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Anoctamin 5 muscular dystrophy in Denmark: prevalence, genotypes, phenotypes, cardiac findings, and muscle protein expression.

    PubMed

    Witting, Nanna; Duno, Morten; Petri, Helle; Krag, Thomas; Bundgaard, Henning; Kober, Lars; Vissing, John

    2013-08-01

    Since the initial description in 2010 of anoctamin 5 deficiency as a cause of muscular dystrophy, a handful of papers have described this disease in cases of mixed populations. We report the first large regional study and present data on new aspects of prevalence, muscular and cardiac phenotypic characteristics, and muscle protein expression. All patients in our neuromuscular unit with genetically unclassified, recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2), Miyoshi-type distal myopathy (MMD) or persistent asymptomatic hyperCK-emia (PACK) were assessed for mutations in the ANO5 gene. Genetically confirmed patients were evaluated with muscular and cardiopulmonary examination. Among 40 unclassified patients (28 LGMD2, 5 MMD, 7 PACK), 20 were homozygous or compound heterozygous for ANO5 mutations, (13 LGMD2, 5 MMD, 2 PACK). Prevalence of ANO5 deficiency in Denmark was estimated at 1:100.000 and ANO5 mutations caused 11 % of our total cohort of LGMD2 cases making it the second most common LGMD2 etiology in Denmark. Eight patients complained of dysphagia and 3 dated symptoms of onset in childhood. Cardiac examinations revealed increased frequency of premature ventricular contractions. Four novel putative pathogenic mutations were discovered. Total prevalence and distribution of phenotypes of ANO5 disease in a representative regional cohort are described for the first time. A high prevalence of ANO5 deficiency was found among patients with unclassified LGMD2 (46 %) and MMD (100 %). The high incidence of reported dysphagia is a new phenotypic feature not previously reported, and cardiac investigations revealed that ANO5-patients may have an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmia.

  20. Regulatory Roles of Anoctamin-6 in Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells

    PubMed Central

    Banerjee, Juni; Leung, Chi-Ting; Li, Ang; Peterson-Yantorno, Kim; Ouyang, Huan; Stamer, W. Daniel; Civan, Mortimer M.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Trabecular meshwork (TM) cell volume is a determinant of aqueous humor outflow resistance, and thereby IOP. Regulation of TM cell volume depends on chloride ion (Cl−) release through swelling-activated channels (ICl,Swell), whose pore is formed by LRRC8 proteins. Chloride ion release through swelling-activated channels has been reported to be regulated by calcium-activated anoctamins, but this finding is controversial. Particularly uncertain has been the effect of anoctamin Ano6, reported as a Ca2+-activated Cl− (CaCC) or cation channel in other cells. The current study tested whether anoctamin activity modifies volume regulation of primary TM cell cultures and cell lines. Methods Gene expression was studied with quantitative PCR, supplemented by reverse-transcriptase PCR and Western immunoblots. Currents were measured by ruptured whole-cell patch clamping and volume by electronic cell sizing. Results Primary TM cell cultures and the TM5 and GTM3 cell lines expressed Ano6 3 to 4 orders of magnitude higher than the other anoctamin CaCCs (Ano1 and Ano2). Ionomycin increased cell Ca2+ and activated macroscopic currents conforming to CaCCs in other cells, but displayed significantly more positive mean reversal potentials (+5 to +12 mV) than those displayed by ICl,Swell (−14 to −21 mV) in the same cells. Nonselective CaCC inhibitors (tannic acid>CaCCinh−A01) and transient Ano6 knockdown strongly inhibited ionomycin-activated currents, ICl,Swell and the regulatory volume response to hyposmotic swelling. Conclusions Ionomycin activates CaCCs associated with net cation movement in TM cells. These currents, ICl,Swell, and cell volume are regulated by Ano6. The findings suggest a novel clinically-relevant approach for altering cell volume, and thereby outflow resistance, by targeting Ano6. PMID:28125837

  1. TMEM16 proteins: unknown structure and confusing functions

    PubMed Central

    Picollo, Alessandra; Malvezzi, Mattia; Accardi, Alessio

    2014-01-01

    The TMEM16 family of membrane proteins, also known as anoctamins, play key roles in a variety of physiological functions that range from ion transport, to phospholipid scrambling and to regulating other ion channels. The first two family members to be functionally characterized, TMEM16A (ANO1) and TMEM16B (ANO2), form Ca2+-activated Cl− channels (CaCCs) and are important for transepithelial ion transport, olfaction, phototransduction, smooth muscle contraction, nociception, cell proliferation and control of neuronal excitability. The role(s) of other family members, such as TMEM16C (ANO3), TMEM16D (ANO4), TMEM16F (ANO6), TMEM16G (ANO7), and TMEM16J (ANO9), remain poorly understood and controversial. These homologues were reported to be phospholipid scramblases, ion channels, to have both functions or to be regulatory subunits of other channels. Mutations in TMEM16F cause Scott syndrome, a bleeding disorder caused by impaired Ca2+-dependent externalization of phosphatidylserine in activated platelets, suggesting that this homologue might be a scramblase. However, overexpression of TMEM16F has also been associated with a remarkable number of different ion channel types, raising the possibility that this protein might be involved in both ion and lipid transport. The recent identification of an ancestral TMEM16 homologue with intrinsic channel and scramblase activities supports this hypothesis. Thus, the TMEM16 family might have diverged in two or three different subclasses, channels, scramblases and dual function channel/scramblases. The structural bases and functional implication of such a functional diversity within a single protein family remain to be elucidated and the links between TMEM16 functions and human physiology and pathologies need to be investigated. PMID:25451786

  2. The effects of genetic manipulation, dieldrin treatment and irradiation on the mating competitiveness of male Anopheles arabiensis in field cages.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Hanano; Vreysen, Marc J B; Gilles, Jeremie R L; Munhenga, Givemore; Damiens, David D

    2014-08-13

    To enable the release of only sterile male Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes for the sterile insect technique, the genetic background of a wild-type strain was modified to create a genetic sexing strain ANO IPCL1 that was based on a dieldrin resistance mutation. Secondly, the eggs of ANO IPCL1 require treatment with dieldrin to allow complete elimination of female L1 larvae from the production line. Finally, male mosquito pupae need to be treated with an irradiation dose of 75 Gy for sterilization. The effects of these treatments on the competitiveness of male An. arabiensis were studied. The competitiveness of ANO IPCL1 males that were treated either with irradiation or both dieldrin and irradiation, was compared with that of the wild-type strain (An. arabiensis Dongola) at a 1:1 ratio in 5.36 m3 semi-field cages located in a climate-controlled greenhouse. In addition, three irradiated: untreated male ratios were tested in semi-field cages (1:1, 5:1 and 10:1) and their competition for virgin wild-type females was assessed. The ANO IPCL1 males were equally competitive as the wild-type males in this semi-field setting. The ANO IPCL1 males irradiated at 75 Gy were approximately half as competitive as the unirradiated wild-type males. ANO IPCL1 males that had been treated with dieldrin as eggs, and irradiated with 75 Gy as pupae were slightly more competitive than males that were only irradiated. Ratios of 1:1, 5:1 and 10:1 irradiated ANO IPCL1 males: untreated wild-type males resulted in 31, 66 and 81% induced sterility in the female cage population, respectively. An irradiation dose of 75 Gy reduced the competitiveness of male ANO IPCL1 significantly and will need to be compensated by releasing higher numbers of sterile males in the field. However, the dieldrin treatment used to eliminate females appears to have an unexpected radioprotectant effect, however the mechanism is not understood. A sterile to wild-type ratio of 10:1 effectively reduced the population

  3. Anoctamin 6 mediates effects essential for innate immunity downstream of P2X7 receptors in macrophages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Kmit, Arthur; Romao, Ana M.; Jantarajit, Walailak; Schreiber, Rainer; Kunzelmann, Karl

    2015-02-01

    Purinergic P2X7 receptors (P2X7R) are fundamental to innate immune response. In macrophages, transient stimulation of P2X7R activates several transport mechanisms and induces the scrambling of phospholipids with subsequent membrane blebbing and apoptosis. These processes support phagocytosis and subsequent killing of phagocytosed bacteria. Here we demonstrate that the stimulation of P2X7 receptors activates anoctamin 6 (ANO6, TMEM16F), a protein that functions as Ca2+ dependent phospholipid scramblase and Ca2+-activated Cl- channel. Inhibition or knockdown of ANO6 attenuates ATP-induced cell shrinkage, cell migration and phospholipid scrambling. In mouse macrophages, Ano6 produces large ion currents by stimulation of P2X7 receptors and contributes to ATP-induced membrane blebbing and apoptosis, which is largely reduced in macrophages from Ano6-/- mice. ANO6 supports bacterial phagocytosis and killing by mouse and human THP-1 macrophages. Our data demonstrate that anoctamin 6 is an essential component of the immune defense by macrophages.

  4. Role of volume-regulated and calcium-activated anion channels in cell volume homeostasis, cancer and drug resistance

    PubMed Central

    Hoffmann, Else K; Sørensen, Belinda H; Sauter, Daniel P R; Lambert, Ian H

    2015-01-01

    Volume-regulated channels for anions (VRAC) / organic osmolytes (VSOAC) play essential roles in cell volume regulation and other cellular functions, e.g. proliferation, cell migration and apoptosis. LRRC8A, which belongs to the leucine rich-repeat containing protein family, was recently shown to be an essential component of both VRAC and VSOAC. Reduced VRAC and VSOAC activities are seen in drug resistant cancer cells. ANO1 is a calcium-activated chloride channel expressed on the plasma membrane of e.g., secretory epithelia. ANO1 is amplified and highly expressed in a large number of carcinomas. The gene, encoding for ANO1, maps to a region on chromosome 11 (11q13) that is frequently amplified in cancer cells. Knockdown of ANO1 impairs cell proliferation and cell migration in several cancer cells. Below we summarize the basic biophysical properties of VRAC, VSOAC and ANO1 and their most important cellular functions as well as their role in cancer and drug resistance. PMID:26569161

  5. Computational modeling of anoctamin 1 calcium-activated chloride channels as pacemaker channels in interstitial cells of Cajal

    PubMed Central

    Gibbons, Simon J.; Farrugia, Gianrico; Sneyd, James; Cheng, Leo K.

    2014-01-01

    Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) act as pacemaker cells in the gastrointestinal tract by generating electrical slow waves to regulate rhythmic smooth muscle contractions. Intrinsic Ca2+ oscillations in ICC appear to produce the slow waves by activating pacemaker currents, currently thought to be carried by the Ca2+-activated Cl− channel anoctamin 1 (Ano1). In this article we present a novel model of small intestinal ICC pacemaker activity that incorporates store-operated Ca2+ entry and a new model of Ano1 current. A series of simulations were carried out with the ICC model to investigate current controversies about the reversal potential of the Ano1 Cl− current in ICC and to predict the characteristics of the other ion channels that are necessary to generate slow waves. The model results show that Ano1 is a plausible pacemaker channel when coupled to a store-operated Ca2+ channel but suggest that small cyclical depolarizations may still occur in ICC in Ano1 knockout mice. The results predict that voltage-dependent Ca2+ current is likely to be negligible during the slow wave plateau phase. The model shows that the Cl− equilibrium potential is an important modulator of slow wave morphology, highlighting the need for a better understanding of Cl− dynamics in ICC. PMID:24481603

  6. Channel shape and interpoly dielectric material effects on electrical characteristics of floating-gate-type three-dimensional fin channel flash memories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yongxun; Nabatame, Toshihide; Nguyen, Num; Matsukawa, Takashi; Endo, Kazuhiko; O'uchi, Shinichi; Tsukada, Junichi; Yamauchi, Hiromi; Ishikawa, Yuki; Mizubayashi, Wataru; Morita, Yukinori; Migita, Shinji; Ota, Hiroyuki; Chikyow, Toyohiro; Masahara, Meishoku

    2015-04-01

    Floating-gate (FG)-type three-dimensional (3D) fin channel flash memories with triangular fin (TF) and rectangular fin (RF) channels and different interpoly dielectric (IPD) materials have been successfully fabricated using (100)- and (110)-oriented silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers and orientation-dependent wet etching. The electrical characteristics of the fabricated FG-type 3D fin channel flash memories including threshold voltage (Vt) variability, program/erase (P/E) speed, memory window, endurance, and data retention at room temperature and 85 °C have been comparatively investigated. A higher P/E speed, a larger memory window, and a lower-voltage operation are experimentally obtained in the TF channel flash memories with an Al2O3-nitride-oxide (ANO) IPD layer (TF-ANO) than in the RF channel ones with the same ANO IPD layer (RF-ANO) and the TF channel ones with an oxide-nitride-oxide (ONO) IPD layer (TF-ONO). The larger memory window and lower-voltage operation of TF-ANO flash memories are due to the high-k effect of the Al2O3 layer and the electric field enhancement at the sharp foot edges of the TF channels. It was also found that data retention for all fabricated FG-type 3D fin channel flash memories shows a weak dependence on temperature.

  7. 4-isopropylcyclohexanol has potential analgesic effects through the inhibition of anoctamin 1, TRPV1 and TRPA1 channel activities

    PubMed Central

    Takayama, Yasunori; Furue, Hidemasa; Tominaga, Makoto

    2017-01-01

    Interactions between calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 (ANO1) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) enhance pain sensations in mice, suggesting that ANO1 inhibition could have analgesic effects. Here we show that menthol and the menthol analogue isopropylcyclohexane (iPr-CyH) inhibited ANO1 channels in mice. The iPr-CyH derivative 4-isopropylcyclohexanol (4-iPr-CyH-OH) inhibited mouse ANO1 currents more potently than iPr-CyH. Moreover, 4-iPr-CyH-OH inhibited the activities of TRPV1, TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) and TRPV4. Single-channel analysis revealed that 4-iPr-CyH-OH reduced TRPV1 and TRPA1 current open-times without affecting unitary amplitude or closed-time, suggesting that it affected gating rather than blocking the channel pore. The ability of 4-iPr-CyH-OH to inhibit action potential generation and reduce pain-related behaviors induced by capsaicin in mice suggests that 4-iPr-CyH-OH could have analgesic applications. Thus, 4-iPr-CyH-OH is a promising base chemical to develop novel analgesics that target ANO1 and TRP channels. PMID:28225032

  8. 4-isopropylcyclohexanol has potential analgesic effects through the inhibition of anoctamin 1, TRPV1 and TRPA1 channel activities.

    PubMed

    Takayama, Yasunori; Furue, Hidemasa; Tominaga, Makoto

    2017-02-22

    Interactions between calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin 1 (ANO1) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) enhance pain sensations in mice, suggesting that ANO1 inhibition could have analgesic effects. Here we show that menthol and the menthol analogue isopropylcyclohexane (iPr-CyH) inhibited ANO1 channels in mice. The iPr-CyH derivative 4-isopropylcyclohexanol (4-iPr-CyH-OH) inhibited mouse ANO1 currents more potently than iPr-CyH. Moreover, 4-iPr-CyH-OH inhibited the activities of TRPV1, TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) and TRPV4. Single-channel analysis revealed that 4-iPr-CyH-OH reduced TRPV1 and TRPA1 current open-times without affecting unitary amplitude or closed-time, suggesting that it affected gating rather than blocking the channel pore. The ability of 4-iPr-CyH-OH to inhibit action potential generation and reduce pain-related behaviors induced by capsaicin in mice suggests that 4-iPr-CyH-OH could have analgesic applications. Thus, 4-iPr-CyH-OH is a promising base chemical to develop novel analgesics that target ANO1 and TRP channels.

  9. Channel properties of the splicing isoforms of the olfactory calcium-activated chloride channel Anoctamin 2.

    PubMed

    Ponissery Saidu, Samsudeen; Stephan, Aaron B; Talaga, Anna K; Zhao, Haiqing; Reisert, Johannes

    2013-06-01

    Anoctamin (ANO)2 (or TMEM16B) forms a cell membrane Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel that is present in cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, vomeronasal microvilli, and photoreceptor synaptic terminals. Alternative splicing of Ano2 transcripts generates multiple variants with the olfactory variants skipping exon 14 and having alternative splicing of exon 4. In the present study, 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends analysis was conducted to characterize the 5' end of olfactory Ano2 transcripts, which showed that the most abundant Ano2 transcripts in the olfactory epithelium contain a novel starting exon that encodes a translation initiation site, whereas transcripts of the publically available sequence variant, which has an alternative and longer 5' end, were present in lower abundance. With two alternative starting exons and alternative splicing of exon 4, four olfactory ANO2 isoforms are thus possible. Patch-clamp experiments in transfected HEK293T cells expressing these isoforms showed that N-terminal sequences affect Ca(2+) sensitivity and that the exon 4-encoded sequence is required to form functional channels. Coexpression of the two predominant isoforms, one with and one without the exon 4 sequence, as well as coexpression of the two rarer isoforms showed alterations in channel properties, indicating that different isoforms interact with each other. Furthermore, channel properties observed from the coexpression of the predominant isoforms better recapitulated the native channel properties, suggesting that the native channel may be composed of two or more splicing isoforms acting as subunits that together shape the channel properties.

  10. Comparisons of life-history characteristics of a genetic sexing strain with laboratory strains of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) from northern Sudan.

    PubMed

    Oliva, C F; Benedict, M Q; Soliban, S M; Lemperiere, G; Balestrino, F; Gilles, J R L

    2012-09-01

    A genetic sex separation strain (GSS) has been created for Anopheles arabiensis (Patton) (Diptera: Culicidae), one of the major African malaria vectors, for use in controlling wild populations of this species via the sterile insect technique (SIT). This GSS strain, "ANO IPCL1," allows sex separation by a translocation linking a dieldrin resistance allele and the Y chromosome. Differences between ANO IPCL1 relative to wild strains might reflect its field performance and therefore are of concern. Of more immediate interest is how differences might affect production during mass rearing. Life-history parameters were measured for the ANO IPCL1 strain and the two wild strains from which it originated. Although developmental rate differences were found among them, none were large. However, a major observed variation was the very low intrinsic fertility of ANO IPCL1 because of the translocation itself. This resulted in a much lower rate of increase: ANO IPCL1 was able to double its population size, in 7.8 +/- 0.4 d, whereas Dongola and Sennar strains could do so in 4.9 +/- 0.5 and 5.6 +/- 0.4 d. The presence of the Y-autosome translocation mainly affected the natural fertility of the males, and this will require amplification steps during mass rearing.

  11. [The role of reflectance confocal microscopy in the diagnosis of secondary syphilis of the vulva and anus: A first case report].

    PubMed

    Leclercq, A; Cinotti, E; Labeille, B; Cribier, B; Biron, A C; Vermersch, C; Montlouis, J; Cambazard, F; Perrot, J L

    2016-11-01

    Herein we report the case of an 18-year-old pregnant patient presenting with plantar and ano-genital lesions of syphilis, pharyngitis, erythematosus and scalynasolabial intertrigo and angular cheilitis. In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy examination (Vivascope 3000(®); Caliber Inc, Rochester, NY, USA, distributed in France by Mavig, Munich) of ano-genital lesions enabled us to identify hyper-reflective elongated rods in the papillary dermis suggesting spirochetes. The diagnosis was confirmed by TPHA and VDRL as well as immunohistological examination. We identified for the first time rod shaped structures in ano-genital lesions of secondary syphilis, regularly alternating hyper-reflective and non-reflective areas corresponding to helix-shaped treponemes visualized by darkfield microscopy, which may not be confused with other cell structures. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Calcium-activated chloride channels as a new target to control the spiking pattern of neurons.

    PubMed

    Ha, Go Eun; Cheong, Eunji

    2017-03-03

    Neuronal firing patterns and frequencies determine the nature of encoded information in the neural circuits. Here we discuss the molecular identity and cellular mechanisms of spike-frequency adaptation in central nervous system (CNS). Spike-frequency adaptation in thalamocortical (TC) and CA1 hippocampal neurons is mediated by the Ca2+-activated Cl- channel (CACC) anoctamin-2 (ANO2). Knockdown of ANO2 in these neurons results in significantly reduced spike-frequency adaptation along with increased number of spikes. No previous study has described the finding that CACCs mediate afterhyperpolarization currents, which result in the modulation of neuronal spike patterns in the central nervous system. Therefore, our study proposes a novel role for ANO2 in spike-frequency adaptation and transmission of information in the brain.

  13. Improved Molecular Technique for the Differentiation of Neotropical Anopheline Species

    PubMed Central

    Matson, Ryan; Rios, Carlos Tong; Chavez, Cesar Banda; Gilman, Robert H.; Florin, David; Sifuentes, Victor Lopez; Greffa, Roldan Cardenas; Yori, Pablo Peñataro; Fernandez, Roberto; Portocarrero, Daniel Velasquez; Vinetz, Joseph M.; Kosek, Margaret

    2008-01-01

    We evaluated a PCR-RFLP of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 region (ITS2) to distinguish species of Anopheles commonly reported in the Amazon and validated this method using reared F1 offspring. The following species of Anopheles were used for molecular analysis: An. (Nys.) benarrochi, An. (Nys.) darlingi, An. (Nys.) nuneztovari, An. (Nys.) konderi, An. (Nys.) rangeli, and An. (Nys.) triannulatus sensu lato (s.l.). In addition, three species of the subgenus Anopheles, An. (Ano.) forattini, An. (Ano.) mattogrossensis, and An. (Ano.) peryassui were included for testing. Each of the nine species tested yielded diagnostic banding patterns. The PCR-RFLP method was successful in identifying all life stages including exuviae with small fractions of the sample. The assay is rapid and can be applied as an unbiased confirmatory method for identification of morphologic variants, disputed samples, imperfectly preserved specimens, and life stages from which taxonomic keys do not allow for definitive species determination. PMID:18337348

  14. Imaging of anal fistulas: comparison of computed tomographic fistulography and magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Liang, Changhu; Lu, Yongchao; Zhao, Bin; Du, Yinglin; Wang, Cuiyan; Jiang, Wanli

    2014-01-01

    The primary importance of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in evaluating anal fistulas lies in its ability to demonstrate hidden areas of sepsis and secondary extensions in patients with fistula in ano. MR imaging is relatively expensive, so there are many healthcare systems worldwide where access to MR imaging remains restricted. Until recently, computed tomography (CT) has played a limited role in imaging fistula in ano, largely owing to its poor resolution of soft tissue. In this article, the different imaging features of the CT and MRI are compared to demonstrate the relative accuracy of CT fistulography for the preoperative assessment of fistula in ano. CT fistulography and MR imaging have their own advantages for preoperative evaluation of perianal fistula, and can be applied to complement one another when necessary.

  15. Activation and Inhibition of TMEM16A Calcium-Activated Chloride Channels

    PubMed Central

    Ni, Yu-Li; Kuan, Ai-Seon; Chen, Tsung-Yu

    2014-01-01

    Calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCC) encoded by family members of transmembrane proteins of unknown function 16 (TMEM16) have recently been intensely studied for functional properties as well as their physiological roles as chloride channels in various tissues. One technical hurdle in studying these channels is the well-known channel rundown that frequently impairs the precision of electrophysiological measurements for the channels. Using experimental protocols that employ fast-solution exchange, we circumvented the problem of channel rundown by normalizing the Ca2+-induced current to the maximally-activated current obtained within a time period in which the channel rundown was negligible. We characterized the activation of the TMEM16A-encoded CaCC (also called ANO1) by Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+, and discovered that Mg2+ competes with Ca2+ in binding to the divalent-cation binding site without activating the channel. We also studied the permeability of the ANO1 pore for various anions and found that the anion occupancy in the pore–as revealed by the permeability ratios of these anions–appeared to be inversely correlated with the apparent affinity of the ANO1 inhibition by niflumic acid (NFA). On the other hand, the NFA inhibition was neither affected by the degree of the channel activation nor influenced by the types of divalent cations used for the channel activation. These results suggest that the NFA inhibition of ANO1 is likely mediated by altering the pore function but not through changing the channel gating. Our study provides a precise characterization of ANO1 and documents factors that can affect divalent cation activation and NFA inhibition of ANO1. PMID:24489780

  16. Activation and inhibition of TMEM16A calcium-activated chloride channels.

    PubMed

    Ni, Yu-Li; Kuan, Ai-Seon; Chen, Tsung-Yu

    2014-01-01

    Calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCC) encoded by family members of transmembrane proteins of unknown function 16 (TMEM16) have recently been intensely studied for functional properties as well as their physiological roles as chloride channels in various tissues. One technical hurdle in studying these channels is the well-known channel rundown that frequently impairs the precision of electrophysiological measurements for the channels. Using experimental protocols that employ fast-solution exchange, we circumvented the problem of channel rundown by normalizing the Ca(2+)-induced current to the maximally-activated current obtained within a time period in which the channel rundown was negligible. We characterized the activation of the TMEM16A-encoded CaCC (also called ANO1) by Ca(2+), Sr(2+), and Ba(2+), and discovered that Mg(2+) competes with Ca(2+) in binding to the divalent-cation binding site without activating the channel. We also studied the permeability of the ANO1 pore for various anions and found that the anion occupancy in the pore-as revealed by the permeability ratios of these anions-appeared to be inversely correlated with the apparent affinity of the ANO1 inhibition by niflumic acid (NFA). On the other hand, the NFA inhibition was neither affected by the degree of the channel activation nor influenced by the types of divalent cations used for the channel activation. These results suggest that the NFA inhibition of ANO1 is likely mediated by altering the pore function but not through changing the channel gating. Our study provides a precise characterization of ANO1 and documents factors that can affect divalent cation activation and NFA inhibition of ANO1.

  17. Temporal Expression Patterns of Clock Genes and Aquaporin 5/Anoctamin 1 in Rat Submandibular Gland Cells.

    PubMed

    Satou, Ryouichi; Sato, Masaki; Kimura, Maki; Ishizuka, Yoichi; Tazaki, Masakazu; Sugihara, Naoki; Shibukawa, Yoshiyuki

    2017-01-01

    Circadian rhythms are essential for health and regulate various physiological functions. These rhythms are regulated by a negative-feedback loop involving clock genes in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and peripheral tissues. The rate of secretion of salivary substances, ions, and water follows a circadian rhythm, however, the relationship between the molecular mechanism of salivary secretion and peripheral circadian rhythm is not yet clear. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1, also known as TMEM16A) and Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) play an important role in the transport of ions and water in the submandibular glands (SGs). We examined the interaction between the rhythmic expression pattern of the clock genes, Ano1 and Aqp5, in rat whole SGs as well as isolated acinar and ductal cells. Circadian rhythmic expression for Bmal1, Per1, Per2, Clock, Cry1, Cry2, Rorα, and Rev-erbα mRNAs, also called the clock genes, was observed in rat SGs by semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis. We also observed rhythmic patterns in Ano1 and Aqp5 mRNA expression. The expression of ANO1 protein also showed circadian rhythm, as confirmed by western blot analysis. We could not observe any time delay between the peak expression of ANO1 protein and its mRNA. Expression levels of the clock gene mRNAs in the ductal cells was higher than that in acinar cells, however, rhythmic oscillations were observed in both. Our results suggest that SGs have peripheral clocks, and rhythmic expressions of Ano1 and Aqp5 along with the clock genes, may play an important role in the circadian regulation of salivary secretion.

  18. Temporal Expression Patterns of Clock Genes and Aquaporin 5/Anoctamin 1 in Rat Submandibular Gland Cells

    PubMed Central

    Satou, Ryouichi; Sato, Masaki; Kimura, Maki; Ishizuka, Yoichi; Tazaki, Masakazu; Sugihara, Naoki; Shibukawa, Yoshiyuki

    2017-01-01

    Circadian rhythms are essential for health and regulate various physiological functions. These rhythms are regulated by a negative-feedback loop involving clock genes in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and peripheral tissues. The rate of secretion of salivary substances, ions, and water follows a circadian rhythm, however, the relationship between the molecular mechanism of salivary secretion and peripheral circadian rhythm is not yet clear. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1, also known as TMEM16A) and Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) play an important role in the transport of ions and water in the submandibular glands (SGs). We examined the interaction between the rhythmic expression pattern of the clock genes, Ano1 and Aqp5, in rat whole SGs as well as isolated acinar and ductal cells. Circadian rhythmic expression for Bmal1, Per1, Per2, Clock, Cry1, Cry2, Rorα, and Rev-erbα mRNAs, also called the clock genes, was observed in rat SGs by semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis. We also observed rhythmic patterns in Ano1 and Aqp5 mRNA expression. The expression of ANO1 protein also showed circadian rhythm, as confirmed by western blot analysis. We could not observe any time delay between the peak expression of ANO1 protein and its mRNA. Expression levels of the clock gene mRNAs in the ductal cells was higher than that in acinar cells, however, rhythmic oscillations were observed in both. Our results suggest that SGs have peripheral clocks, and rhythmic expressions of Ano1 and Aqp5 along with the clock genes, may play an important role in the circadian regulation of salivary secretion. PMID:28588500

  19. IMPROVEMENT IN OXIDATIVE STRESS AFTER DUODENOJEJUNOSTOMY IN AN EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.

    PubMed

    Wietzycoski, Cacio Ricardo; Marchesini, João Caetano Dallegrave; Al-Themyat, Sultan; Meyer, Fabiola Shons; Trindade, Manoel Roberto Maciel

    Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a multifactorial syndrome with severe complications. Oxidative stress is accepted as a causal factor of chronic complications. To demonstrate alterations in oxidative stress after metabolic surgery. Twenty-four 2-day-old Wistar rats were used. In 16, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus was induced by 100 mg/kg streptozotocin injection. The development of diabetes was confirmed after 10 weeks using an oral glucose tolerance test. Eight diabetic rats composed the diabetic surgical group; the remaining eight composed the diabetic group. Eight animals in which diabetes was not induced formed the clinical control group. The Marchesini technique was used in the diabetic surgical group. After 90 days, the rats were sacrificed, and the oxidative stress markers were measured. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, superoxide dismutase and catalase were significantly reduced in the diabetic surgical group compared to the diabetic group. The duodenojejunostomy was effective in controlling the exacerbated oxidative stress present in diabetic rats. Diabete melito tipo 2 é síndrome multifatorial com complicações graves. O estresse oxidativo é aceito como um fator causal de complicações crônicas. Demonstrar alterações no estresse oxidativo após a cirurgia metabólica. Foram utilizados 24 ratos Wistar de dois dias de idade. Em 16, diabete melito tipo 2 foi induzida por 100 mg/kg de injeção de estreptozotocina. O desenvolvimento do diabete foi confirmado após 10 semanas, utilizando teste oral de tolerância à glucose. Oito ratos diabéticos compuseram o grupo cirúrgico diabético; os oito restantes constituíram o grupo diabético. Oito animais em que não foi induzido o diabete formaram o grupo controle clínico. A técnica de Marchesini foi utilizada no grupo cirúrgico diabético. Após 90 dias, os ratos foram sacrificados, e os marcadores de estresse oxidativo foram medidos. Ácido tiobarbitúrico, superóxido dismutase e catalase foram

  20. [The anal fistula disease and abscess].

    PubMed

    Strittmatter, Bernhard

    2004-01-01

    There are two forms of anal fistulas arising from its pathogenesis: the acute stage is the abscess, whereas the chronic stage is the fistula in ano. The classification of the fistula in ano is named after Parks. Pathogenesis and classification are explained. For complete cure, every abscess needs precise examination to be able to show the course and shape of the fistula. The surgical procedure depends on the fistula tract. Most fistulas can be operated by means of a fistulotomy or fistulectomy. Recovery depends on locating the total fistula tract.

  1. A Content Incontinent: Report of Liposomal Bupivacaine Induced Fecal Incontinence

    PubMed Central

    Rai, Vinay K.

    2016-01-01

    Proper surgical management of anal fistula demands sound clinical judgment and extraordinary care to prevent incontinence and adequate postoperative pain control and provide satisfactory resolution to optimize quality of life. Fecal incontinence can be a devastating complication of procedures performed for fistula in ano. We report a unique case in which temporary incontinence (for less than 4 days) followed injection of liposomal bupivacaine for postoperative pain control after draining seton placement for fistula in ano. Patients and physicians should be aware as it may be mistaken for a more serious anatomical and permanent cause of fecal incontinence. PMID:27747127

  2. An Approach to Treatment of the Child Sexual Abuser in the Military.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-20

    matter for a stuay cifferent from our purposes. What we wl! be ceasIng with in this paper is a treatise on incest ano pedophilia . These are sexual acts...sess.ons. where family memoers are allowed to partic;rate so tna nev: can better understand the origin and nature of the Or:er7. causing the offense. 4...readily admits to his offenses. ano aemonstrates remorse and guilt, and who desires treatment to or~nc about relief from the misery caused by his deviant

  3. Computer Image Generation: Advanced Visual/Sensor Simulation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-01

    AD-AI07 098 HONEYWELL SYSTEMS AND RESEARCH CENTER MINNEAPOLIS MN F/6 14/5 COMPUTER IMAGE GENERATION: ADVANCED VISUAL/SENSOR SIMULATIONC l 0 ERY. UC...attenuation factorF 3. .i.i FLIR--The mooei for IR imagery requires that the temperature ano emissivity oe knovn for eacn ocject ano material to ce...that the temperature is known. It oepenos on the time of day, sun raoiance, clouo cover, moisture content in the backgrouno, and other factors. In

  4. Theoretical, Experimental and Numerical Studies on Hybrid Acoustooptic Bistable Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    refraction-index variation Ano(p,t) in the acousto - optic cell. Since S(P-,t) = fvn 2 (p’t) = (v[no+ A no(P,)] _ no[1 + 2Ano(P,t)/no], (6.1-47) where n0... acousto - optic modulator is operated in the Bragg region. b) Light beam deflector /spectrum analyzer In contrast to intensity modulation where the amplitude...beam deflector , where the acousto - optic modulator is operated in the Bragg region. The angle between the 1st-diffracted beam and the 0-th diffracted

  5. Prime Contract Awards by Service Category and Federal Supply Classification, Fiscal Years 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-11-09

    NO E TYPE RADIOS 1,299b zoft i.ISG 1,566 e 7 RECREATIONAL AND ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT 1,095 1,295 1,763 776 A 79 CLEANING EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES 23,760 2S...1.90 r 333 3333 IIII= 3== =33= . 78 RECRFATIONAL AND ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT 7810 ATHLETIC AND SPO-TING EQUIPMENT %71 517 769 27? . 1813 GAMES. TOYS AND...ADHESIVES s010 PAINTS, DOPES . VARNISHES, ANO RELATED PRO•CTS 2.67S ?.672 3.528 2,636 6020 PAtNT ANO ARTISIP BRUSHES 1 1 28 . 913o PRESERVATIVE AND

  6. RLL-1: A Representation Language Language. Supplement. Details of RLL-1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    FOneOf FExecute Il E-8 Appendix E: Special Units AnylndirectPtrFormat (16) - These are used to deal with subunits, and other places where much data is...both print Out, Of the UnicExamples of each class unit walked. (By def . il ,. oi will fcllow all 3f these links.) This will stop rccur(s)ing down the...91f DataRange 2011P .DataRange (’QP AnyPerson).. 20R2 MBO (L-ANO (SlotVal Gender Miale) 21 11 p .(L-ANO (1P AnyPerson) (SlotVal Gender Male)).. 22*ok

  7. Synthesis of Mn{sub 0.04}Cu{sub 0.05}Zn{sub 0.91}O nanorod and its application in optoelectronic switching device

    SciTech Connect

    Layek, Animesh; Middya, Somnath

    2016-05-06

    The optical absorption of ZnO nanorod had been reduced by introducing Mn as doping element. In this present study the optical absorption of ZnO nanorod has been improved by simultaneous doping of the element Mn and Cu. The hydrothermal reaction was adopted for the synthesis. The electrical conductivity and the optical band gap of the Mn{sub 0.04}Cu{sub 0.05}Zn{sub 0.91}O were measured as 1.16 × 10{sup −3}Scm{sup −1} and 3.07eV respectively, assigned the semiconductor behavior. The light induced rectification in time dependent current response characteristic of Al/ Mn{sub 0.04}Cu{sub 0.05}Zn{sub 0.91}O/ITO was investigated to check the performance of the composite in opto-electronic switching device.

  8. Education in the Big Cities: Problems and Prospects. Report No. 63.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jesser, David L.

    Some of the current thinking on planning and effecting improvements in education in the big cities is together under four major chapters in this publication. A section on major developments, problems, and needs addresses such issues as accelerated rate of change, crisis confrontations ano brush fire techniques, and unanticipated consequences of…

  9. Two helices in the third intracellular loop determine anoctamin 1 (TMEM16A) activation by calcium.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jesun; Jung, Jooyoung; Tak, Min Ho; Wee, Jungwon; Lee, Byeongjoon; Jang, Yongwoo; Chun, Hyeyeon; Yang, Dong-Jin; Yang, Young Duk; Park, Sang Ho; Han, Byung Woo; Hyun, Soonsil; Yu, Jaehoon; Cho, Hawon; Hartzell, H Criss; Oh, Uhtaek

    2015-08-01

    Anoctamin 1 (ANO1)/TMEM16A is a Cl(-) channel activated by intracellular Ca(2+) mediating numerous physiological functions. However, little is known of the ANO1 activation mechanism by Ca(2+). Here, we demonstrate that two helices, "reference" and "Ca(2+) sensor" helices in the third intracellular loop face each other with opposite charges. The two helices interact directly in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Positively and negatively charged residues in the two helices are essential for Ca(2+)-dependent activation because neutralization of these charges change the Ca(2+) sensitivity. We now predict that the Ca(2+) sensor helix attaches to the reference helix in the resting state, and as intracellular Ca(2+) rises, Ca(2+) acts on the sensor helix, which repels it from the reference helix. This Ca(2+)-dependent push-pull conformational change would be a key electromechanical movement for gating the ANO1 channel. Because chemical activation of ANO1 is viewed as an alternative means of rescuing cystic fibrosis, understanding its gating mechanism would be useful in developing novel treatments for cystic fibrosis.

  10. Prescreening Military Officer Candidates for High Level Security Clearances

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    eo6S Cr.9s o, ’arcot Cs, Wve yo,. eve., teen :eatod or undergone rehioil,tat on, $or cr.c or alcohoi at"#’C SECTION III STATEMENTS OF UNDERSTANDING INM...INVOLVEMENT INVOLVEMENT AUTHORITY/COURT ANO SENTENCE WERE YOU DETAINED. CONrINED. WASYTHEUSE OPDRUSSOR ACTION BY PAS OR" PLACED ON PROBATION PORn ALCOHOL

  11. COVER CROP SYSTEMS AFFECT WEED COMMUNITIES IN A CALIFORNIA VINEYARD

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Vineyard weed communities were examined under four dormant season cover crop systems representative of those used in the north-coastal grape-growing region of California: no-till annuals (rose clover, soft brome, zorro fescue; ANoT), no-till perennials (blue wildrye, California brome, meadow barley,...

  12. Absorption of Deuterium Fluoride Laser Radiation by the Atmosphere

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-04-01

    given a table of Q for the various molecules whose absorption lines are listed in the AFCRL Line Com- pilation which is repeated here as Table 1...LOCATION ELEMENTS. WHEN ALL PATAMFTE TYPE ’ENTER LCCÄT AND THE USER TYPE WITH RESftCT TO T TYPES THE SPOT SI OF THE BEAM. THE ANO THE USER MAT

  13. 75 FR 15751 - Entergy Operations, Inc., Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 And 2; Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... COMMISSION Entergy Operations, Inc., Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 And 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Entergy Operations, Inc. (the licensee), is the holder of Facility Operating License Nos. DPR-51 and NPF-6, which authorize operation of the Arkansas Nuclear One, Units 1 and 2 (ANO-1 and 2). The licenses provide, among...

  14. Age Hardening of Binary Iron-Nickel Martensites.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-07-01

    Leslie *Nanjing Machine Building Institute, Nanjing, China DAAG2g-81-K-0052 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION HNK ANO ACORESS -IT .PROGRAM ELEENT. PROJECT...34, Soy, Phys. Dokl. 25, (4), 306-08(April 1980). 42. G. Silvestre, A. Silvent, C. Regnard, and G. Sainfort, "Alliages de Nickel-Fer et de Nickel- Silicium

  15. Planar Array Antenna Design Analysis. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    for the "ITRM" terms, we need to discuss what is occurring 86 PARRAY SPECIFICATIONS ANO DATA FREQUENCY OR WAVELENGTH SPECIFICATION3: BANDWIDTH FREQUENCY...whether an integer or a real number is wanted. Now that you have all the information you need to run the program you may begin by typing " PARRAY " followed

  16. Ensayos de Plantacion Estadisticamente Validos

    Treesearch

    C. B. Briscoe

    1961-01-01

    En la America Latina se plantan cada ano mas de cien millones de abolitos y por lo menos deberian plantar diez veces esta cantidad. El control y desarrollo racional de un programa de tal magnitud requieren que se establezcan y se interpreten sayos de plantacion cuidadosamente planeados. Dichos ensayos cuidadosamente planeados rediran resultados estadistacamente validos...

  17. Farmworkers in Rural America, 1971-1972: Part 2, Who Owns the Land? Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Migratory Labor of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, 92nd Congress, 1st and 2d Sessions, November 5,1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

    On November 5, 1971, the subcommittee heard testimony on the: (1) history of land ownership in rural America, (2) extent of corporate and conglomerate involvement in rural America and the resulting economic consequences, and (3) impact of the large vertically ano horizontally integrated corporations and conglomerates on the well-being of rural…

  18. Catalog of Wargaming and Military Simulation Models.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-05-01

    34 . ....................................... 815 WEBS - Weapons Effectiveness Battle Simulations ................ 817 WEPROE - Weapon Radius of Effects...Air Force Weapons Lab (AFWL) o Science Applications, Inc. (SAI) POINT OF CONTACT: Dr. William A. Woolson Science Aplications , Inc. 1200 ;-rospect Street...5677 32 320 TITLL: HALL PROPONENT: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Program Analysis ano Evaluation (’#.E) DEVELOPER: Science Aplications

  19. Reserve Component Efficiency Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-15

    security ramifications, possibly even undermining our foreign interests. We have become, by some accounts, the most drug-ridden society in the indusrial 17...purposes. * Train anO advise civilian law enforcement officials in the operatior . d maintenance of military equipment made avail- able to them. 21 * Assign

  20. Elevation of Anopheles Chiriquiensis from Synonymy with Anopheles Parapunctipennis and Designation of Name-bearing Types for Anopheles Parapunctipennis and Anopheles Parapunctipennis Guatemalensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    Leon 1938: 4 16, (as An. (Ano.) chiriquiensis var. guatenzalensis) Cumbre de1 Aire, Department of Totonicapan, Guatemala (d*, ?*, L*). Lectotype 9...here designated, bearing the following data: “Sanidad Publica: Guatemala. - A.C.-/Anopheles (Anopheles) A. Chiriquiensis ( ?? Komp)/“ Cumbre de1

  1. Machine Casting of Ferrous Alloys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-09-01

    COVITRED Interim Report 1 Vph 1974-30 June 197A 6 PERFORMING ORC. REPORT NUMBER V PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME ANO ADDRESS Abex...Commander, U. S. Army Tank-Automotive Command, Warren, Michigan 48090 2 ATTN: AMSTA-BSL, Research Library Branch Commander, White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico 88002 1 ATTN: STEWS-WS-VT ^m

  2. Overviews on HNS Production/Properties/Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-03

    large explosive charges. The author viahes to acknowledge the detonation velocity work done by Mr. Charles Goode, the chemical analyses by Ms. Eleonore ...Scientific and Technical Informmtion, INASA P.O. Box 33 College Park , Mary1anO 20740 Space Ordnance Systcý*s, Inc. 375 Santa Trinita Sunntyvale

  3. PERCEPTION OF ODOR AND NASAL PUNGENCY FROM HOMOLOGOUS SERIES OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses results of tests of nasal detection thresholds for airborne chemicals in a group of anosmics (i.e., subjects lacking a functional sense of smell) and in a group of age-, gender-, and smoking-status-matched normosmics (i.e., subjects with normal olfaction). Ano...

  4. PERCEPTION OF ODOR AND NASAL PUNGENCY FROM HOMOLOGOUS SERIES OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses results of tests of nasal detection thresholds for airborne chemicals in a group of anosmics (i.e., subjects lacking a functional sense of smell) and in a group of age-, gender-, and smoking-status-matched normosmics (i.e., subjects with normal olfaction). Ano...

  5. Fighting by the Numbers: The Role of Quantification in Tactical Decision Making,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    creativit y-... - The stark dichotomy In the US and Soviet application of ,actizal quantification can be examined in its historical, theoretica, ano...it gain the fruits of decades of German tactical innovation , doctrinal development and training. An American Auftragstaktik will require a similar

  6. Orportunidades de Mejoramiento de la Ganaderia

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Es muy comun escuchar la frase de que untoro contribuye en la produccion de becerros del ano, sin embargo es conceniente darles un mayor credito de valor en su contribucion en el conjunto de la retabilidad y productividad de un hato de cria. Ha sido estimado que la fertilidad es 10 veces mas import...

  7. Seafloor Rocks and Sediments of the Continental Shelf From Monterey Bay to Point Sur, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eittreim, Stephen L.; Anima, Roberto J.; Stevenson, Andrew J.; Wong, Florence L.

    2000-01-01

    Introduction Acoustic swath mapping of the greater Monterey Bay area continental shelf from Point Ano Nuevo to Point Sur reveals complex patterns of rock outcrops on the shelf, and coarse sand bodies that occur in distinct depressions on the inner and mid-shelves. This publication portrays the seafloor components in a 36- by 48-inch map sheet at 1:100,000 scale.

  8. Theoretical characterization of the potential energy surface for H + O2 yields HO2(asterisk) yields HO + O. II - The potential for H atom exchange in HO2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walch, Stephen P.; Rohlfing, Celeste Mcmichael

    1989-01-01

    The results of CASSCF multireference contracted CI calculations with large ANO basis sets are presented for the exchange region of the HO2 potential-energy surface. The saddle point for H atom exchange is about 13 kcal/mol below the energy of H + O2; therefore, this region of the surface should be accessible during H + O2 recombination and methathesis reactions.

  9. Aquarius: Tour de la salinidad superficial del mar

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Recorrido narrado de la información sobre la salinidad superficial de los océanos recogida por el instrumento Aquarius de la NASA durante su primer año de funcionamiento. Algunas de las caracte...

  10. Corps and Division Command Staff Turnover in the 1980s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    4timR 7 AUTMOR(a) I. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMSERtj James P. Kahan MDA903-85-C-0059 9. PERFORrMING ORGANIZATION MAMIE ANO AOORIESS 10. PROGRAM FLIEMIEt4T...Wesley Clark , and Captain Robert Fix graciously provided valuable discussions regarding the topic of this Note. At RAND, Ms. Suzanne Holroyd, Major

  11. The ARIES Program: A General Overview and User’s Guide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-10

    DUALITY RAPAR 1 INPUT CARPS GRANO FORKS 336A t OMA^cr, ARo(VY (TYPr 1),LONGITUOE <♦.590 215933 PADIANS, LATTTUOc...EFFECTS ON MLP ESTIMATOR DUALITY RAnAR FILE 2 GRANO FORKS 336R RADAR TYOF RADAR LONGITUDE (DEG AND MP) RADAR GEODETIC LATITUOF (OFG ANO MR) RADAR

  12. Sciences and Systems Division Simulation Models Catalog.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1969-02-05

    domes, such as the AN/SQS-26 with rubber dome. 5. Reference: Hamilton, K. B., "Radiation Characteristics of a Sonar Array Surrounded by a Thick Dome...A TIMFAX LEVEL. V. INPUT/OUTPUT THE PROGRAMS IN THIS SECTION CONTROL INPUT AND OUTPUT TO ANO FROM MAGNETIC TAPE» TO AND FROM THE FH 432 CRUMS

  13. Suppression of the Immune Response by Synthetic Adjuvants.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-28

    D-Ai138 561 SUPPRESSION OF THE IMIMUNE RESPONSE BY SYNTHETIC / ADJUVANTS4U) MINNESOTA UNIV DULUTH DEPT OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY 8 G...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAE ANO AORESS A. PROAM ORKE. PUNJTN CTU TA Dept. of Medical Microbiology /Immunology University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN 55812 NR 666

  14. The Response of a Two-Wire Transmission Line to Incident Field and Voltage Excitation, Including the Effects of Higher Order Modes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    8217 INCLUDING THE EFFECTS OF HIGHER "ORDER MODES Syracuse University Yehuda Leviatan Arlon T. Adams APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED] C9 2...GRANT NUMSERf() Yecthuda Leviatan Arlon T. Adams F30602-79-C-0011 9. PERNORMING ORGANIZATION NAME ANO ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK

  15. Cl(-) channels in apoptosis.

    PubMed

    Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Sirianant, Lalida; MacAulay, Nanna; Schreiber, Rainer; Kunzelmann, Karl

    2016-10-01

    A remarkable feature of apoptosis is the initial massive cell shrinkage, which requires opening of ion channels to allow release of K(+), Cl(-), and organic osmolytes to drive osmotic water movement and cell shrinkage. This article focuses on the role of the Cl(-) channels LRRC8, TMEM16/anoctamin, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in cellular apoptosis. LRRC8A-E has been identified as a volume-regulated anion channel expressed in many cell types. It was shown to be required for regulatory and apoptotic volume decrease (RVD, AVD) in cultured cell lines. Its presence also determines sensitivity towards cytostatic drugs such as cisplatin. Recent data point to a molecular and functional relationship of LRRC8A and anoctamins (ANOs). ANO6, 9, and 10 (TMEM16F, J, and K) augment apoptotic Cl(-) currents and AVD, but it remains unclear whether these anoctamins operate as Cl(-) channels or as regulators of other apoptotic Cl(-) channels, such as LRRC8. CFTR has been known for its proapoptotic effects for some time, and this effect may be based on glutathione release from the cell and increase in cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although we find that CFTR is activated by cell swelling, it is possible that CFTR serves RVD/AVD through accumulation of ROS and activation of independent membrane channels such as ANO6. Thus activation of ANO6 will support cell shrinkage and induce additional apoptotic events, such as membrane phospholipid scrambling.

  16. Theoretical characterization of the potential energy surface for H + O2 yields HO2(asterisk) yields HO + O. II - The potential for H atom exchange in HO2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walch, Stephen P.; Rohlfing, Celeste Mcmichael

    1989-01-01

    The results of CASSCF multireference contracted CI calculations with large ANO basis sets are presented for the exchange region of the HO2 potential-energy surface. The saddle point for H atom exchange is about 13 kcal/mol below the energy of H + O2; therefore, this region of the surface should be accessible during H + O2 recombination and methathesis reactions.

  17. A Comparison of Nurse Staffing Methods Used by the United States Air Force and Selected Civilian Hospitals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    34Nursng Marnagemert. 3: 27-42 iVarco19- ’ 24. Hart, Karen ano Karon oirou’uis!. Von~ tnni: a 5 :! e n-,Q: the Shor tage," Am~cqqn ourna, cf Nursing, 9...August 19 S. 35 49. University of Illinois Hospitai. Position Control Summary Report. I June 1989. 50. Vai I, James D. and others. "Worktoao

  18. Chloride channels are necessary for full platelet phosphatidylserine exposure and procoagulant activity.

    PubMed

    Harper, M T; Poole, A W

    2013-12-19

    Platelets enhance thrombin generation at sites of vascular injury by exposing phosphatidylserine during necrosis-like cell death. Anoctamin 6 (Ano6) is required for Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatidylserine exposure and is defective in patients with Scott syndrome, a rare bleeding disorder. Ano6 may also form Cl(-) channels, though the role of Cl(-) fluxes in platelet procoagulant activity has not been explored. We found that Cl(-) channel blockers or removal of extracellular Cl(-) inhibited agonist-induced phosphatidylserine exposure. However, this was not due to direct inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent scrambling since Ca(2+) ionophore-induced phosphatidylserine exposure was normal. This implies that the role of Ano6 in Ca(2+-)dependent PS exposure is likely to differ from any putative function of Ano6 as a Cl(-) channel. Instead, Cl(-) channel blockade inhibited agonist-induced Ca(2+) entry. Importantly, Cl(-) channel blockers also prevented agonist-induced membrane hyperpolarization, resulting in depolarization. We propose that Cl(-) entry through Cl(-) channels is required for this hyperpolarization, maintaining the driving force for Ca(2+) entry and triggering full phosphatidylserine exposure. This demonstrates a novel role for Cl(-) channels in controlling platelet death and procoagulant activity.

  19. Determination of the Fatigue Life of Structural Elements During the Biharmonic Process of Loading,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-01-15

    USE 32££fiS compi more resul f inal inter inter f unct recog form power be co given LNorm whi ch <char any scann possi poi...and data should, as in LISP, be in the same format. Su a representation underlies (a) a strong macro facility, (b) rapid editing, modification ano

  20. Criticality evaluation of control component credited mixed zone spent and fresh fuel storage in high density PWR racks

    SciTech Connect

    Bilovsky, V.; Redmond, E.; Walker, C.; Ivanov, K.

    2006-07-01

    To expand the set of assemblies that qualify for storage in high-density racks, a mixed zone analysis may be performed where repeating pattern configurations within the rack are prescribed. In a mixed zone analysis, assemblies that are more reactive (low burnup) are stored adjacent to less reactive (highly burned) assemblies, thereby meeting the same overall criticality requirements as with the uniform burnup/enrichment analysis. The Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) Plant has faced several challenges with respect to their spent fuel storage that reach beyond simply the number of spent fuel assemblies and available storage cells. These issues have resulted in the need for ANO to use an advanced storage strategy. In addition to using the mixed zone burnup approach in the high-density racks, ANO also proposed a new solution involving credit for control components in the spent fuel pool. ANO submitted an amendment of their spent fuel pool technical specifications to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) based on the evaluation performed by Holtec International that was subsequently approved. This paper presents a description of the overall methodology used for supporting the submittal, and provides further discussion regarding the reactivity effect of control rods in a PWR spent fuel pool. (authors)

  1. Stepping Up: Burden Sharing by NATO’s Newest Members

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-01

    International Mis- sions”), Revista Espanola de Defensa, ano 18, No. 214, December 2005, pp. 18-20. 31. Note: Percent of NATO force > percent of combined...interviews conducted on January 31, 2008, at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium. “Misiones Internacionales.” Revista Espanola de Defensa, Vol. 18

  2. Diagnostic Accuracy in Child Sexual Abuse Medical Evaluation: Role of Experience, Training, and Expert Case Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Joyce A.; Starling, Suzanne P.; Frasier, Lori D.; Palusci, Vincent J.; Shapiro, Robert Allan; Finkel, Martin A.; Botash, Ann S.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: (1) The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of clinicians who examine children for suspected sexual abuse to recognize and interpret normal and abnormal ano-genital findings in magnified photographs using an online survey format. (2) Determine which factors in education, clinical practice, and case review correlate with…

  3. Monitoring bird population trends in North America

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robbins, C.S.; Bystrak, D.; Geissler, P.H.; Purroy, F.J.

    1983-01-01

    Se ofrece un nuevo metodo para computar las oscilaciones demograficas de las aves a lo largo de los anos. Con los datos suministrados por el proyecto 'Aves nidificantes en Norteamerica' , se indican en la Tabla 1 las pautas de cambio numerico de una serie seleccionada de aves holarticas.

  4. A case of severe eczema following use of imiquimod 5% cream.

    PubMed

    Taylor, C L; Maslen, M; Kapembwa, M

    2006-06-01

    Imiquimod 5% cream, an immune response modifier licensed for treatment of external ano-genital warts and superficial basal cell carcinomata, is known to cause local erythema, oedema and, rarely, exacerbation of psoriasis. We describe a case of exacerbation of eczema following application of this cream in a man with penile warts.

  5. Stigma and Attitudes towards Psychiatric Patients in Portuguese Medical Students.

    PubMed

    Telles-Correia, Diogo; Gama Marques, João; Gramaça, João; Sampaio, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: Este estudo pretende avaliar o impacto da educação psiquiátrica nas atitudes em alunos de medicina face aos doentes mentais. Material e Métodos: Foi conduzido um inquérito em corte transversal na maior faculdade de medicina portuguesa. Os alunos preencheram um questionário que incluía informação sociodemográfica, antecedentes pessoais e familiares de doença psiquiátrica, bem como a Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill scale. Resultados: Em 2 178 estudantes, 398 responderam ao inquérito, representando 18,2% daquela faculdade de medicina. Houve uma significativa melhoria em todas as dimensões avaliadas pela Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill scale, ao longo dos anos do curso de medicina. Os valores mais elevados verificaram-se na subescala Restritividade (38,01), e os valores mais baixos na sub-escala Autoritarismo (36,13). A melhor diferença verificou-se para a sub-escala Autoritarismo (5º ano - 1º ano = 2,03), e a pior diferença verificou-se para a sub-escala Benevolência (5º ano - 1º ano = 0,39). Os melhores resultados foram encontrados no final do 3º ano. Discussão: Os resultados poderão dever-se ao módulo de luta contra o estigma, incluído na disciplina de 'Introdução à Saúde Mental'. Esse efeito positivo ter-se-á perdido no 4º e 5º anos, com uma degradação das atitudes.Conclusão: Este estudo salienta a import'ncia dos módulos de luta contra o estigma na melhoria das atitudes dos estudantes de medicina perante a saúde mental. Este tipo de acções pedagógicas preventivas com intuito anti-estigma, devem ser na melhor preparação possível de gerações Médicas futuras.

  6. Caesarean delivery in the Limbé and the Buea regional hospitals, Cameroon: frequency, indications and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Tanyi, Tanyi John; Atashili, Julius; Fon, Peter Nde; Robert, Tchounzou; Paul, Koki Ndombo

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Neonatal outcomes can be directly and indirectly affected by caesarean delivery (CD). Data on CD rates in semi-urban and rural hospitals in resource-limited settings are scarce and yet are needed to better guide the care of women and neonates in these settings. we carried out this study to determine the frequency of CD, its indications and the frequency of the various adverse neonatal outcomes (ANO) in the Limbe Regional Hospital (LRH) and the Buea Regional Hospital (BRH), Cameroon. We also assessed the relationship between the indication for CD and ANO in the said hospitals. Methods This was a hospital-based retrospective and prospective cross-sectional study using descriptive and analytic methods conducted in the LRH and the BRH maternity units within a nine months period in 2015. Informed consent was obtainedfrom mothers of the neonates. Data analyses were performed using Epi-Info 3.5.4 software. Results We recruited 199 neonates born through CD. The prevalence of CD was 13.3% with cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) being the most frequent (32.2%) indication for CD. There were 52 (26.1%) ANO following CD and respiratory distress was the most common 24 (46.2%) of all ANO. Emergency indications for CD were associated with more ANO 49 (34.5%) as compared to elective indications for CD 3 (5.3%) [p-value<0.001]. We noted a significant association between indications for CD and the various type of ANO, with CPD having the worse prognostic neonatal outcomes 30.8% [p-value=0.02]. Conclusion The prevalence of ANO associated with CD in our hospitals was high with a worrying prognosis. While the exact reasons are unknown, the creation of well-equipped neonatal units with trained staff, may contribute to reduce neonatal morbidity and fatalities. Furthermore, the association of CPD to worse prognostic neonatal outcomes calls for clinicians, to consider additional management options, such as antibiotic prophylaxis and oxygen therapy to the neonates, prior to CD

  7. Abiotic and biotic factors responsible for antimonite oxidation in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jingxin; Yang, Birong; Shi, Manman; Yuan, Kai; Guo, Wei; Wang, Qian; Wang, Gejiao

    2017-03-01

    Antimonite [Sb(III)]-oxidizing bacteria can transform the toxic Sb(III) into the less toxic antimonate [Sb(V)]. Recently, the cytoplasmic Sb(III)-oxidase AnoA and the periplasmic arsenite [As(III)] oxidase AioAB were shown to responsible for bacterial Sb(III) oxidation, however, disruption of each gene only partially decreased Sb(III) oxidation efficiency. This study showed that in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4, Sb(III) induced cellular H2O2 content and H2O2 degradation gene katA. Gene knock-out/complementation of katA, anoA, aioA and anoA/aioA and Sb(III) oxidation and growth experiments showed that katA, anoA and aioA were essential for Sb(III) oxidation and resistance and katA was also essential for H2O2 resistance. Furthermore, linear correlations were observed between cellular H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vivo and chemical H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vitro (R2 = 0.93 and 0.94, respectively). These results indicate that besides the biotic factors, the cellular H2O2 induced by Sb(III) also catalyzes bacterial Sb(III) oxidation as an abiotic oxidant. The data reveal a novel mechanism that bacterial Sb(III) oxidation is associated with abiotic (cellular H2O2) and biotic (AnoA and AioAB) factors and Sb(III) oxidation process consumes cellular H2O2 which contributes to microbial detoxification of both Sb(III) and cellular H2O2.

  8. Pain-enhancing mechanism through interaction between TRPV1 and anoctamin 1 in sensory neurons.

    PubMed

    Takayama, Yasunori; Uta, Daisuke; Furue, Hidemasa; Tominaga, Makoto

    2015-04-21

    The capsaicin receptor transient receptor potential cation channel vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is activated by various noxious stimuli, and the stimuli are converted into electrical signals in primary sensory neurons. It is believed that cation influx through TRPV1 causes depolarization, leading to the activation of voltage-gated sodium channels, followed by the generation of action potential. Here we report that the capsaicin-evoked action potential could be induced by two components: a cation influx-mediated depolarization caused by TRPV1 activation and a subsequent anion efflux-mediated depolarization via activation of anoctamin 1 (ANO1), a calcium-activated chloride channel, resulting from the entry of calcium through TRPV1. The interaction between TRPV1 and ANO1 is based on their physical binding. Capsaicin activated the chloride currents in an extracellular calcium-dependent manner in HEK293T cells expressing TRPV1 and ANO1. Similarly, in mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons, capsaicin-activated inward currents were inhibited significantly by a specific ANO1 antagonist, T16Ainh-A01 (A01), in the presence of a high concentration of EGTA but not in the presence of BAPTA [1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid]. The generation of a capsaicin-evoked action potential also was inhibited by A01. Furthermore, pain-related behaviors in mice treated with capsaicin, but not with αβ-methylene ATP, were reduced significantly by the concomitant administration of A01. These results indicate that TRPV1-ANO1 interaction is a significant pain-enhancing mechanism in the peripheral nervous system.

  9. Abiotic and biotic factors responsible for antimonite oxidation in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4.

    PubMed

    Li, Jingxin; Yang, Birong; Shi, Manman; Yuan, Kai; Guo, Wei; Wang, Qian; Wang, Gejiao

    2017-03-02

    Antimonite [Sb(III)]-oxidizing bacteria can transform the toxic Sb(III) into the less toxic antimonate [Sb(V)]. Recently, the cytoplasmic Sb(III)-oxidase AnoA and the periplasmic arsenite [As(III)] oxidase AioAB were shown to responsible for bacterial Sb(III) oxidation, however, disruption of each gene only partially decreased Sb(III) oxidation efficiency. This study showed that in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4, Sb(III) induced cellular H2O2 content and H2O2 degradation gene katA. Gene knock-out/complementation of katA, anoA, aioA and anoA/aioA and Sb(III) oxidation and growth experiments showed that katA, anoA and aioA were essential for Sb(III) oxidation and resistance and katA was also essential for H2O2 resistance. Furthermore, linear correlations were observed between cellular H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vivo and chemical H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vitro (R(2) = 0.93 and 0.94, respectively). These results indicate that besides the biotic factors, the cellular H2O2 induced by Sb(III) also catalyzes bacterial Sb(III) oxidation as an abiotic oxidant. The data reveal a novel mechanism that bacterial Sb(III) oxidation is associated with abiotic (cellular H2O2) and biotic (AnoA and AioAB) factors and Sb(III) oxidation process consumes cellular H2O2 which contributes to microbial detoxification of both Sb(III) and cellular H2O2.

  10. Channel properties of the splicing isoforms of the olfactory calcium-activated chloride channel Anoctamin 2

    PubMed Central

    Ponissery Saidu, Samsudeen; Stephan, Aaron B.; Talaga, Anna K.

    2013-01-01

    Anoctamin (ANO)2 (or TMEM16B) forms a cell membrane Ca2+-activated Cl− channel that is present in cilia of olfactory receptor neurons, vomeronasal microvilli, and photoreceptor synaptic terminals. Alternative splicing of Ano2 transcripts generates multiple variants with the olfactory variants skipping exon 14 and having alternative splicing of exon 4. In the present study, 5′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends analysis was conducted to characterize the 5′ end of olfactory Ano2 transcripts, which showed that the most abundant Ano2 transcripts in the olfactory epithelium contain a novel starting exon that encodes a translation initiation site, whereas transcripts of the publically available sequence variant, which has an alternative and longer 5′ end, were present in lower abundance. With two alternative starting exons and alternative splicing of exon 4, four olfactory ANO2 isoforms are thus possible. Patch-clamp experiments in transfected HEK293T cells expressing these isoforms showed that N-terminal sequences affect Ca2+ sensitivity and that the exon 4–encoded sequence is required to form functional channels. Coexpression of the two predominant isoforms, one with and one without the exon 4 sequence, as well as coexpression of the two rarer isoforms showed alterations in channel properties, indicating that different isoforms interact with each other. Furthermore, channel properties observed from the coexpression of the predominant isoforms better recapitulated the native channel properties, suggesting that the native channel may be composed of two or more splicing isoforms acting as subunits that together shape the channel properties. PMID:23669718

  11. Pain-enhancing mechanism through interaction between TRPV1 and anoctamin 1 in sensory neurons

    PubMed Central

    Takayama, Yasunori; Uta, Daisuke; Furue, Hidemasa; Tominaga, Makoto

    2015-01-01

    The capsaicin receptor transient receptor potential cation channel vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is activated by various noxious stimuli, and the stimuli are converted into electrical signals in primary sensory neurons. It is believed that cation influx through TRPV1 causes depolarization, leading to the activation of voltage-gated sodium channels, followed by the generation of action potential. Here we report that the capsaicin-evoked action potential could be induced by two components: a cation influx-mediated depolarization caused by TRPV1 activation and a subsequent anion efflux-mediated depolarization via activation of anoctamin 1 (ANO1), a calcium-activated chloride channel, resulting from the entry of calcium through TRPV1. The interaction between TRPV1 and ANO1 is based on their physical binding. Capsaicin activated the chloride currents in an extracellular calcium-dependent manner in HEK293T cells expressing TRPV1 and ANO1. Similarly, in mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons, capsaicin-activated inward currents were inhibited significantly by a specific ANO1 antagonist, T16Ainh-A01 (A01), in the presence of a high concentration of EGTA but not in the presence of BAPTA [1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid]. The generation of a capsaicin-evoked action potential also was inhibited by A01. Furthermore, pain-related behaviors in mice treated with capsaicin, but not with αβ-methylene ATP, were reduced significantly by the concomitant administration of A01. These results indicate that TRPV1–ANO1 interaction is a significant pain-enhancing mechanism in the peripheral nervous system. PMID:25848051

  12. Intracellular Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum regulates slow wave currents and pacemaker activity of interstitial cells of Cajal

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Mei Hong; Sung, Tae Sik; O'Driscoll, Kate; Koh, Sang Don

    2015-01-01

    Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) provide pacemaker activity in gastrointestinal muscles that underlies segmental and peristaltic contractions. ICC generate electrical slow waves that are due to large-amplitude inward currents resulting from anoctamin 1 (ANO1) channels, which are Ca2+-activated Cl− channels. We investigated the hypothesis that the Ca2+ responsible for the stochastic activation of ANO1 channels during spontaneous transient inward currents (STICs) and synchronized activation of ANO1 channels during slow wave currents comes from intracellular Ca2+ stores. ICC, obtained from the small intestine of Kit+/copGFP mice, were studied under voltage and current clamp to determine the effects of blocking Ca2+ uptake into stores and release of Ca2+ via inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent and ryanodine-sensitive channels. Cyclocpiazonic acid, thapsigargin, 2-APB, and xestospongin C inhibited STICs and slow wave currents. Ryanodine and tetracaine also inhibited STICs and slow wave currents. Store-active compounds had no direct effects on ANO1 channels expressed in human embryonic kidney-293 cells. Under current clamp, store-active drugs caused significant depolarization of ICC and reduced spontaneous transient depolarizations (STDs). After block of ryanodine receptors with ryanodine and tetracaine, repolarization did not restore STDs. ANO1 expressed in ICC has limited access to cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, suggesting that pacemaker activity depends on Ca2+ dynamics in restricted microdomains. Our data from studies of isolated ICC differ somewhat from studies on intact muscles and suggest that release of Ca2+ from both IP3 and ryanodine receptors is important in generating pacemaker activity in ICC. PMID:25631870

  13. Recessive Mutations in the Putative Calcium-Activated Chloride Channel Anoctamin 5 Cause Proximal LGMD2L and Distal MMD3 Muscular Dystrophies

    PubMed Central

    Bolduc, Véronique; Marlow, Gareth; Boycott, Kym M.; Saleki, Khalil; Inoue, Hiroshi; Kroon, Johan; Itakura, Mitsuo; Robitaille, Yves; Parent, Lucie; Baas, Frank; Mizuta, Kuniko; Kamata, Nobuyuki; Richard, Isabelle; Linssen, Wim H.J.P.; Mahjneh, Ibrahim; de Visser, Marianne; Bashir, Rumaisa; Brais, Bernard

    2010-01-01

    The recently described human anion channel Anoctamin (ANO) protein family comprises at least ten members, many of which have been shown to correspond to calcium-activated chloride channels. To date, the only reported human mutations in this family of genes are dominant mutations in ANO5 (TMEM16E, GDD1) in the rare skeletal disorder gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia. We have identified recessive mutations in ANO5 that result in a proximal limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2L) in three French Canadian families and in a distal non-dysferlin Miyoshi myopathy (MMD3) in Dutch and Finnish families. These mutations consist of a splice site, one base pair duplication shared by French Canadian and Dutch cases, and two missense mutations. The splice site and the duplication mutations introduce premature-termination codons and consequently trigger nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, suggesting an underlining loss-of-function mechanism. The LGMD2L phenotype is characterized by proximal weakness, with prominent asymmetrical quadriceps femoris and biceps brachii atrophy. The MMD3 phenotype is associated with distal weakness, of calf muscles in particular. With the use of electron microscopy, multifocal sarcolemmal lesions were observed in both phenotypes. The phenotypic heterogeneity associated with ANO5 mutations is reminiscent of that observed with Dysferlin (DYSF) mutations that can cause both LGMD2B and Miyoshi myopathy (MMD1). In one MMD3-affected individual, defective membrane repair was documented on fibroblasts by membrane-resealing ability assays, as observed in dysferlinopathies. Though the function of the ANO5 protein is still unknown, its putative calcium-activated chloride channel function may lead to important insights into the role of deficient skeletal muscle membrane repair in muscular dystrophies. PMID:20096397

  14. Ca(2+) signals, cell membrane disintegration, and activation of TMEM16F during necroptosis.

    PubMed

    Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Cabrita, Inês; Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Sirianant, Lalida; Krautwald, Stefan; Linkermann, Andreas; Schreiber, Rainer; Kunzelmann, Karl

    2017-01-01

    Activated receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) and mixed lineage kinase domain like (MLKL) are essential components of the necroptotic pathway. Phosphorylated MLKL (pMLKL) is thought to induce membrane leakage, leading to cell swelling and disintegration of the cell membrane. However, the molecular identity of the necroptotic membrane pore remains unclear, and the role of pMLKL for membrane permeabilization is currently disputed. We observed earlier that the phospholipid scramblase and ion channel TMEM16F/anoctamin 6 cause large membrane currents, cell swelling, and cell death when activated by a strong increase in intracellular Ca(2+). We, therefore, asked whether TMEM16F is also central to necroptotic cell death and other cellular events during necroptosis. Necroptosis was induced by TNFα, smac mimetic, and Z-VAD (TSZ) in NIH3T3 fibroblasts and the four additional cell lines HT29, 16HBE, H441, and L929. Time-dependent changes in intracellular Ca(2+), cell morphology, and membrane currents were recorded. TSZ induced a small and only transient oscillatory rise in intracellular Ca(2+), which was paralleled by the activation of outwardly rectifying Cl(-) currents, which were typical for TMEM16F/ANO6. Ca(2+) oscillations were due to Ca(2+) release from endoplasmic reticulum, and were independent of extracellular Ca(2+). The initial TSZ-induced cell swelling was followed by cell shrinkage. Using typical channel blockers and siRNA-knockdown, the Cl(-) currents were shown to be due to the activation of ANO6. However, the knockdown of ANO6 or inhibitors of ANO6 did not inhibit necroptotic cell death. The present data demonstrate the activation of ANO6 during necroptosis, which, however, is not essential for cell death.

  15. Abiotic and biotic factors responsible for antimonite oxidation in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jingxin; Yang, Birong; Shi, Manman; Yuan, Kai; Guo, Wei; Wang, Qian; Wang, Gejiao

    2017-01-01

    Antimonite [Sb(III)]-oxidizing bacteria can transform the toxic Sb(III) into the less toxic antimonate [Sb(V)]. Recently, the cytoplasmic Sb(III)-oxidase AnoA and the periplasmic arsenite [As(III)] oxidase AioAB were shown to responsible for bacterial Sb(III) oxidation, however, disruption of each gene only partially decreased Sb(III) oxidation efficiency. This study showed that in Agrobacterium tumefaciens GW4, Sb(III) induced cellular H2O2 content and H2O2 degradation gene katA. Gene knock-out/complementation of katA, anoA, aioA and anoA/aioA and Sb(III) oxidation and growth experiments showed that katA, anoA and aioA were essential for Sb(III) oxidation and resistance and katA was also essential for H2O2 resistance. Furthermore, linear correlations were observed between cellular H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vivo and chemical H2O2 and Sb(V) content in vitro (R2 = 0.93 and 0.94, respectively). These results indicate that besides the biotic factors, the cellular H2O2 induced by Sb(III) also catalyzes bacterial Sb(III) oxidation as an abiotic oxidant. The data reveal a novel mechanism that bacterial Sb(III) oxidation is associated with abiotic (cellular H2O2) and biotic (AnoA and AioAB) factors and Sb(III) oxidation process consumes cellular H2O2 which contributes to microbial detoxification of both Sb(III) and cellular H2O2. PMID:28252030

  16. Is the Dark Side of the Moon Ever Illuminated by the Sun? (Breton Title: O Lado Escuro da Lua Nunca Apanha Sol?) El Lado Oscuro de la Luna Nunca Toma Sol?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giovannini, Odilon; Pellenz, Daiana; Catelli, Francisco

    2014-07-01

    This work presents the elaboration of an answer to the question "Is the dark side of the moon ever illuminated by the sun?", in which issues related to the students' conceptions, how they arise, and the core elements that constitute a "good answer" are considered. These issues are initially elaborated from a literature review of the research in the field; then, and also based on this review, a didactic model that involves the relative motions of the Earth - Moon - Sun system is proposed. A description of the application of this model in a learning environment within middle school students is described. This work confirms the students' initial concepts described in the literature; on the other hand, the questions asked by students during the activity provide evidence that meaningful learning, at least to some degree, has occurred. Este trabalho apresenta a elaboração de uma resposta à pergunta "O lado escuro da Lua nunca apanha sol?" na qual são consideradas questões relacionadas às concepções iniciais dos alunos, de onde elas surgem e os elementos centrais que constituem uma "boa resposta". Essas questões são tratadas, inicialmente, a partir de uma revisão da literatura sobre pesquisas na área e, em seguida, também com base nessa revisão, um objeto modelo didático que envolve os movimentos relativos do sistema Terra - Lua - Sol é proposto. Uma descrição detalhada da aplicação deste modelo em um ambiente de aprendizagem com alunos do ensino fundamental é relatada. As concepções iniciais apresentadas na literatura se confirmam e os questionamentos feitos pelos estudantes por ocasião da aplicação do modelo fornecem indícios de que uma aprendizagem significativa, pelo menos em algum grau, ocorreu. El artículo se presenta el desarrollo de una respuesta a la pregunta "¿El lado oscuro de la luna nunca toma sol?", en la que se consideran algunas cuestiones vinculadas que se refieren a las concepciones iniciales de los estudiantes, dónde surgen

  17. Oxidation studies of dipositive actinide ions, An2+ (An = Th, U, Np, Pu, Am) in the gas phase: synthesis and characterization of the isolated uranyl, neptunyl, and plutonyl ions UO2(2+)(g), NpO2(2+)(g), and PuO2(2+)(g).

    PubMed

    Gibson, John K; Haire, Richard G; Santos, Marta; Marçalo, Joaquim; Pires de Matos, António

    2005-03-31

    Reactions of atomic and ligated dipositive actinide ions, An2+, AnO2+, AnOH2+, and AnO2(2+) (An = Th, U, Np, Pu, Am) were systematically studied by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Kinetics were measured for reactions with the oxidants, N2O, C2H4O (ethylene oxide), H2O, O2, CO2, NO, and CH2O. Each of the five An2+ ions reacted with one or more of these oxidants to produce AnO2+, and reacted with H2O to produce AnOH2+. The measured pseudo-first-order reaction rate constants, k, revealed disparate reaction efficiencies, k/k(COL): Th2+ was generally the most reactive and Am2+ the least. Whereas each oxidant reacted with Th2+ to give ThO2+, only C2H4O oxidized Am2+ to AmO2+. The other An2+ exhibited intermediate reactivities. Based on the oxidation reactions, bond energies and formation enthalpies were derived for the AnO2+, as were second ionization energies for the monoxides, IE[AnO+]. The bare dipositive actinyl ions, UO2(2+), NpO2(2+), and PuO2(2+), were produced from the oxidation of the corresponding AnO2+ by N2O, and by O2 in the cases of UO2+ and NpO2+. Thermodynamic properties were derived for these three actinyls, including enthalpies of formation and electron affinities. It is concluded that bare UO2(2+), NpO2(2+), and PuO2(2+) are thermodynamically stable toward Coulomb dissociation to [AnO+ + O+] or [An+ + O2+]. It is predicted that bare AmO2(2+) is thermodynamically stable. In accord with the expected instability of Th(VI), ThO(2+) was not oxidized to ThO2(2+) by any of the seven oxidants. The gas-phase results are compared with the aqueous thermochemistry. Hydration enthalpies were derived here for uranyl and plutonyl; our deltaH(hyd)[UO2(2+)] is substantially more negative than the previously reported value, but is essentially the same as our deltaH(hyd)[PuO2(2+)].

  18. Transanal opening of intersphincteric space (TROPIS) - A new procedure to treat high complex anal fistula.

    PubMed

    Garg, Pankaj

    2017-04-01

    The sepsis in intersphincteric space has important role in pathogenesis of most complex fistula-in-ano. This sepsis is like a small abscess in a closed space. This closed space needs to be drained adequately and then kept open for the fistula-in-ano to heal properly. The aim was to lay open and drain the intersphincteric space through internal opening via transanal approach. This has been tried in submucosal and intersphincteric rectal abscesses but has never been tried in complex fistula-in-ano. All consecutive patients of complex high (involving >1/3 of sphincter complex) fistula-in-ano who were operated were included in the prospective cohort study. Preoperative MRI scan was done in all the patients. Transanal laying open of the intersphincteric space (TROPIS) was done through the internal opening. The external sphincter was not cut. The tracts in the ischiorectal fossa were curetted and cleaned. The incontinence scores were measured. 61 patients with high complex fistula-in-ano were included (follow-up:6-21 months). Male/Female:59/2, age-42.3 ± 9.5 years. 85.2% (52) were recurrent, 83.6% (51) had multiple tracts, 36.1% (22) had horseshoe tract, 34.4% (21) had supralevator extension and 26.2% (16) had associated abscess. 95.1% (58) were posterior fistula out of which 90.2% (55) were in posterior midline. Nine patients were excluded (due to tuberculosis, lost to follow-up). Fistula healed completely in 84.6% (44/52) and didn't heal in 15.4% (9/52). 4/9 of these were reoperated and fistula healed in three patients. Thus overall healing rate was 90.4% (47/52). There was no significant change in incontinence scores. TROPIS is a simple effective sphincter sparing procedure to treat high complex fistula-in-ano including supralevator and horseshoe fistula. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Semi-automatic bowel wall thickness measurements on MR enterography in patients with Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Naziroglu, Robiel E; Puylaert, Carl A J; Tielbeek, Jeroen A W; Makanyanga, Jesica; Menys, Alex; Ponsioen, Cyriel Y; Hatzakis, Haralambos; Taylor, Stuart A; Stoker, Jaap; van Vliet, Lucas J; Vos, Frans M

    2017-06-01

    To evaluate a semi-automatic method for delineation of the bowel wall and measurement of the wall thickness in patients with Crohn's disease. 53 patients with suspected or proven Crohn's disease were selected. Two radiologists independently supervised the delineation of regions with active Crohn's disease on MRI, yielding manual annotations (Ano1, Ano2). Three observers manually measured the maximal bowel wall thickness of each annotated segment. An active contour segmentation approach semi-automatically delineated the bowel wall. For each active region, two segmentations (Seg1, Seg2) were obtained by independent observers, in which the maximum wall thickness was automatically determined. The overlap between (Seg1, Seg2) was compared with the overlap of (Ano1, Ano2) using Wilcoxon's signed rank test. The corresponding variances were compared using the Brown-Forsythe test. The variance of the semi-automatic thickness measurements was compared with the overall variance of manual measurements through an F-test. Furthermore, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of semi-automatic thickness measurements was compared with the ICC of manual measurements through a likelihood-ratio test. Patient demographics: median age, 30 years; interquartile range, 25-38 years; 33 females. The median overlap of the semi-automatic segmentations (Seg1 vs Seg2: 0.89) was significantly larger than the median overlap of the manual annotations (Ano1 vs Ano2: 0.72); p = 1.4 × 10(-5). The variance in overlap of the semi-automatic segmentations was significantly smaller than the variance in overlap of the manual annotations (p = 1.1 × 10(-9)). The variance of the semi-automated measurements (0.46 mm(2)) was significantly smaller than the variance of the manual measurements (2.90 mm(2), p = 1.1 × 10(-7)). The ICC of semi-automatic measurement (0.88) was significantly higher than the ICC of manual measurement (0.45); p = 0.005. The semi-automatic technique

  20. AB277. SPR-04 Myosalpinx contractions are essential for egg/embryo transport in the oviduct

    PubMed Central

    Ward, Sean M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Oviducts or fallopian tubes are smooth muscle lined dynamic tubular organs that connect the ovaries to the uterus and facilitate several physiological processes including gamete transport, fertilization and early embryo development. Several stages of the reproductive process occur exclusively within the oviduct and are subject to physiological regulation. The four main functions of the oviduct include: (I) the transport of the ovum from the ovary to the site of fertilization; (II) the oviduct aids in transport of spermatozoa from the site of deposition to the site of fertilization within the ampulla; (III) the oviduct provides a suitable environment for the egg with secretions along the duct providing protection of the egg from mechanical damage and for maintenance of viability of the egg during its transport; (IV) transportation of the fertilized ovum (embryo) to the uterus where implantation and further development occurs. Given the complexities and the different physiological functions of the oviduct it is not surprising that it is functionally organized into different regions. Dogma in the literature suggests that egg or embryo transport depends mainly on the incessant beat of the ciliated epithelium towards the uterus. However, egg transport may also be dependent upon contractions of the smooth muscle lined wall or myosalpinx. In order to fully understand the physical mechanisms that contribute to the coordinated movement of the egg we investigated the role of the calcium-activated chloride conductance, Ano1 on the generation of pacemaker activity. Methods Video imaging and spatio-temporal mapping along with intracellular microelectrode recordings were performed to define the role of myosalpinx in egg/embryo transport. The Cre-recombinase LoxP technology was also utilized to determine the role of the calcium-activated chloride conductance, Ano1 in adult tissues. Results Egg transport is highly dependent upon phasic contractions of the smooth muscle

  1. Simulações Numéricas de Rotação Nuclear Cometária

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voelzke, M. R.; Winter, O. C.

    1999-08-01

    Este trabalho apresenta os resultados iniciais de simulações numéricas da evolução rotacional, de um núcleo cometário não esférico, ao longo de uma passagem periélica, levando-se em conta os torques devido a existência dos jatos de poeira e de gás. Inicialmente os autores apresentam um modelo simples (primeira aproximação), com somente um único jato na extremidade do semi-eixo maior, para compreender a variação positiva ou negativa que estas forças não gravitacionais exercem sobre o período de rotação cometário. Posteriormente incrementa-se o número de jatos, os quais são distribuídos ao longo da superfície cometária, para observar-se a contribuição dos efeitos provenientes dos torques originários da liberação da poeira e gás cometários, que provavelmente violará a suposição da livre precessão. Os estados rotacionais, sob torques induzidos devido à sublimação, dependem fortemente da localização das áreas ativas do núcleo. Os cometas P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, P/Tempel 2, P/Forbes e C/Meunier-Dupouy serão observados fotometricamente, pelos autores, no Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica (LNA) ao longo de algumas noites consecutivas em abril, junho e julho de 1999. Estas observações serão comparadas com as simulações numéricas de rotação cometária.

  2. Perda de massa em ventos empoeirados de estrelas supergigantes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vidotto, A. A.; Jatenco-Pereira, V.

    2003-08-01

    Em praticamente todas as regiões do diagrama HR, as estrelas apresentam evidências observacionais de perda de massa. Na literatura, pode-se encontrar trabalhos que tratam tanto do diagnóstico da perda de massa como da construção de modelos que visam explicá-la. O amortecimento de ondas Alfvén tem sido utilizado como mecanismo de aceleração de ventos homogêneos. Entretanto, sabe-se que os envelopes de estrelas frias contêm grãos sólidos e moléculas. Com o intuito de estudar a interação entre as ondas Alfvén e a poeira e a sua conseqüência na aceleração do vento estelar, Falceta-Gonçalves & Jatenco-Pereira (2002) desenvolveram um modelo de perda de massa para estrelas supergigantes. Neste trabalho, apresentamos um estudo do modelo acima proposto para avaliar a dependência da taxa de perda de massa com alguns parâmetros iniciais como, por exemplo, a densidade r0, o campo magnético B0, o comprimento de amortecimento da onda L0, seu fluxo f0, entre outros. Sendo assim, aumentando f0 de 10% a partir de valores de referência, vimos que aumenta consideravelmente, enquanto que um aumento de mesmo valor em r0, B0 e L0 acarreta uma diminuição em .

  3. Accuracy of the Defining Characteristics of the Nursing Diagnosis Hypothermia in Newborns.

    PubMed

    de Aquino, Wislla Ketlly Menezes; Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira; da Silva, Viviane Martins; Fróes, Nathaly Bianka Moraes; de Menezes, Angélica Paixão; Almeida, Aline de Aquino Peres; Sobreira, Bianca Alves

    2017-09-18

    To analyze the accuracy of the defining characteristics of hypothermia in newborns and to verify associations between defining characteristics and clinical variables. A cross-sectional accuracy study with statistical analysis. Slow capillary refill, decrease in ventilation, peripheral vasoconstriction, and insufficient weight gain were the defining characteristics with the highest specificity values, while slow gastric emptying, skin cool to touch, irritability, and bradycardia were the defining characteristics with the highest values for both sensitivity and specificity. Slow gastric emptying, skin cool to touch, irritability, and bradycardia are good clinical indicators to infer initial stages of hypothermia and to confirm its presence. Accuracy measures may contribute to the improvement of the diagnostic inferential process. Analisar acurácia das características definidoras de Hipotermia em recém-nascidos e identificar a associação delas com variáveis clínicas. MÉTODO: Estudo de acurácia transversal com análise estatística. Preenchimento capilar lento, diminuição da ventilação, vasoconstrição periférica e ganho de peso insuficiente apresentaram valores altos de especificidade enquanto esvaziamento gástrico lento, pele fria, irritabilidade e bradicardia apresentaram valores elevados de sensibilidade e especificidade. CONCLUSÃO: Esvaziamento gástrico lento, pele fria, irritabilidade e bradicardia são úteis para inferir estágios iniciais de hipotermia e para confirmação diagnóstica. IMPLICAÇÕES PARA PRÁTICA DE ENFERMAGEM: Medidas de acurácia podem contribuir para o processo de inferência do diagnóstico hipotermia. © 2017 NANDA International, Inc.

  4. Genital injuries in adults.

    PubMed

    White, Catherine

    2013-02-01

    The examination of the rape victim should focus on the therapeutic, forensic and psychological needs of the individual patient. One aspect will be an examination for ano-genital injuries. From a medical perspective, they tend to be minor and require little in the way of treatment. They must be considered when assessing the risk of blood-borne viruses and the need for prophylaxis. From a forensic perspective, an understanding of genital injury rates, type of injury, site and healing may assist the clinician to interpret the findings in the context of the allegations that have been made. There are many myths and misunderstandings about ano-genital injuries and rape. The clinician has a duty to dispel these.

  5. Rotorcraft aircrew systems concepts airborne laboratory (RASCAL) helmet-mounted display flight research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hindson, William S.; Njaka, Chima E.; Aiken, Edwin W.; Barnhart, Warren A.

    1994-06-01

    The Rotorcraft Aircrew Systems Concepts Airborne Laboratory (RASCAL) is a UH-60A Black Hawk helicopter that is being modified by the US Army and NASA for flight systems research. One of the objectives of the research is to develop and integrate technologies for Automated Nap-of-the Earth (ANOE) flight. The principal elements of this system include video imaging sensors, advanced real-time image processing capabilities, a graphics supercomputer, a wide field-of-view color helmet mounted display (HMD), and an advanced fly-by-wire flight control system. The development methodology and the current status of the ANOE Flight Program are summarized, a description of the visionics system is provided, and the plans for the initial applications of the color HMD are presented.

  6. Tiempo para un cambio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woltjer, L.

    1987-06-01

    En la reunion celebrada en diciembre dei ano pasado informe al Consejo de mi deseo de terminar mi contrato como Director General de la ESO una vez que fuera aprobado el proyecto dei VLT, que se espera sucedera hacia fines de este aAo. Cuando fue renovada mi designacion hace tres aAos, el Consejo conocia mi intencion de no completar los cinco aAos dei contrato debido a mi deseo de disponer de mas tiempo para otras actividades. Ahora, una vez terminada la fase preparatoria para el VLT, Y habiendose presentado el proyecto formalmente al Consejo el dia 31 de marzo, y esperando su muy probable aprobacion antes dei termino de este ano, me parece que el 10 de enero de 1988 presenta una excelente fecha para que se produzca un cambio en la administracion de la ESO.

  7. Analytical, Numerical, and Experimental Results on Turbulent Boundary Layers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-07-01

    Cl.O+O+OCOS(3.141S9Z6~O. 10*ETA»/Z.0+0+CONSFS* CETA -0.030+0) .__..--1.E..W.£.Q• .2..ANO.l....EQ.l ) F CJ , 1) II 0 .0+ 0- 11 CONTINUE . t CALCULATION...ANo.ETA.LE.O.6o+0)VLIIIII-O,10+0*VCI).O,380+0-0ELTA IF CETA .GT. 0.60+0 .AN()~ETA·,LE’-O~1o.(ny[8-"o .20.0*𔃻’ (1r.-o ’-44D+O*O’E~L’::"T=-Ao-----­ IfCETA.GT.O

  8. Photocurrent enhancement of perovskite heterojunction by plasmonic nanoparticles and ferroelectric polarization

    SciTech Connect

    Shieh, J. Chen, S. W.; Fang, C. Y.; Chen, C. H.

    2014-02-17

    Perovskite oxides—Pb{sub 0.86}La{sub 0.14}TiO{sub 3} (PLT), AgNbO{sub 3} (ANO), and SrTiO{sub 3} (STO)—were deposited consecutively on ITO/glass substrates to form layered composite photoelectrodes. These materials were chosen for their specific electronic band structures to form efficient photocatalytic heterojunctions and similar crystalline structures to minimize interface defects. Two additional methods were adopted to increase the photocurrent density of the composites: (1) plasmonic gold nanoparticles were introduced at the PLT/ITO interface to enhance light scattering and absorption while not becoming electron trapping centers and (2) the ferroelectric PLT layer was electrically poled toward the ANO layer to create a favorable band bending for electron transfer.

  9. Monte Carlo Bayesian System Reliability and MTBF-Confidence Assessment, II. Volume 2. SPARCS-2 Users Manual

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-03-01

    STEM ANo ITS OH/LES -U*b00000LO IA ANO CLPONENT FAILURT-VIST HATA. MINIMAL STATES AEE RIR P 𔃺. 00OOOIAO iF PARS. E3R ’RELIABILITY- ANALY S 0 l CUTS FOR...SYSTEM RELIUMILITT. II FDA *EUOoUT1TI S, STEM LMf.MELIILITI. ’EUMUo * iz IN is -s MM ISSTOM TIME -NITS. ALPHARETIC M/00001730 /AM OFET OkAL). /Eoooo...00010300 9 TO;iI Il - 0I; COODIOOBO SŔ ENOI 00010590 Say IF -I1 TIEN GO TO ONES 0D010D00 588 BE TI?.": 0010410 5s: 190 ; STELL SORT *2 0001040D / 8/D0001

  10. New relativistic atomic natural orbital basis sets for lanthanide atoms with applications to the Ce diatom and LuF3.

    PubMed

    Roos, Björn O; Lindh, Roland; Malmqvist, Per-Ake; Veryazov, Valera; Widmark, Per-Olof; Borin, Antonio Carlos

    2008-11-13

    New basis sets of the atomic natural orbital (ANO) type have been developed for the lanthanide atoms La-Lu. The ANOs have been obtained from the average density matrix of the ground and lowest excited states of the atom, the positive ions, and the atom in an electric field. Scalar relativistic effects are included through the use of a Douglas-Kroll-Hess Hamiltonian. Multiconfigurational wave functions have been used with dynamic correlation included using second-order perturbation theory (CASSCF/CASPT2). The basis sets are applied in calculations of ionization energies and some excitation energies. Computed ionization energies have an accuracy better than 0.1 eV in most cases. Two molecular applications are included as illustration: the cerium diatom and the LuF3 molecule. In both cases it is shown that 4f orbitals are not involved in the chemical bond in contrast to an earlier claim for the latter molecule.

  11. Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules.

    PubMed

    Zaitsevskii, Andréi; Mosyagin, Nikolai S; Titov, Anatoly V; Kiselev, Yuri M

    2013-07-21

    The results of electronic structure modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules (actinide oxidation states VI through VIII) by two-component relativistic density functional theory are presented. Ground-state equilibrium molecular structures, main features of charge distributions, and energetics of AnO3, AnO4, An2On (An=Pu, Am), and PuAmOn, n = 6-8, are determined. In all cases, molecular geometries of americium and mixed plutonium-americium oxides are similar to those of the corresponding plutonium compounds, though chemical bonding in americium oxides is markedly weaker. Relatively high stability of the mixed heptoxide PuAmO7 is noticed; the Pu(VIII) and especially Am(VIII) oxides are expected to be unstable.

  12. Relativistic density functional theory modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaitsevskii, Andréi; Mosyagin, Nikolai S.; Titov, Anatoly V.; Kiselev, Yuri M.

    2013-07-01

    The results of electronic structure modeling of plutonium and americium higher oxide molecules (actinide oxidation states VI through VIII) by two-component relativistic density functional theory are presented. Ground-state equilibrium molecular structures, main features of charge distributions, and energetics of AnO3, AnO4, An2On (An=Pu, Am), and PuAmOn, n = 6-8, are determined. In all cases, molecular geometries of americium and mixed plutonium-americium oxides are similar to those of the corresponding plutonium compounds, though chemical bonding in americium oxides is markedly weaker. Relatively high stability of the mixed heptoxide PuAmO7 is noticed; the Pu(VIII) and especially Am(VIII) oxides are expected to be unstable.

  13. Large Atomic Natural Orbital Basis Sets for the First Transition Row Atoms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Large atomic natural orbital (ANO) basis sets are tabulated for the Sc to Cu. The primitive sets are taken from the large sets optimized by Partridge, namely (21s 13p 8d) for Sc and Ti and (20s 12p 9d) for V to Cu. These primitive sets are supplemented with three p, one d, six f, and four g functions. The ANO sets are derived from configuration interaction density matrices constructed as the average of the lowest states derived from the 3d(sup n)4s(sup 2) and 3d(sup n+1)4s(sup 1) occupations. For Ni, the 1S(3d(sup 10)) state is included in the averaging. The choice of basis sets for molecular calculations is discussed.

  14. Impact of Pharmacy-Led Dyslipidemia Interventions on Medication Safety and Therapeutic Failure in Patients

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    either a fibric acid derivative or niacin . (4) A final analysis looked at therapeutic selection, whether treatment incorporated the Pharmacoeconomic...with simvastatin doses that exceed FDA safety recommendations (simvastatin dose more than 10mg/day in combination with fibrates or niacin ). A...no greater than 10 mg of simvastatin when used with fibrates or niacin .1 An assessment of medication safety from this labeling change was evaluated

  15. Impacts of the MERCOSUR Agreement on the Uruguayan Economy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    Bhagwati , )agdish N., The World Trading System at Risk, Princeton University Press, 1991 , 15 GATT supporters tend to base their economic view of the...regional?," Sextas Jornadas Anuales de Economia, BCU, 1991 . Bhagwati , Jagdish, The World Trading System at Risk, Princeton University Press, 1991 ...Paraguay, ano Uruguay on March 26. 1991 . The principal objectives of MERCOSU’" include: "* The fiee circulation of goods, services. and productive factors

  16. ARPANET Routing Algorithm Improvements. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    power ano memory in the node, the structure of the nodal software Fnd the other network protoccls. Many of these azsumptions will prove to be wrong in...for lines are measured, this approach assumes that circuit bandwidth, as opposed to nodal memory or processing power , is the network bottleneck. This...more powerful ) approach to resource utilization measurement would involve the security kernel: whz h is the only process which knows the eiact state of

  17. The Impact of the Arab Decision-Makers on the Oil Market

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-03-01

    RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4 . TITLE (and Subtttla) The Impact of the Arab Decision-Makers On The Oil Market 5. TYPE OF REPORT ft PERIOO COVERED Masters...ADDRESS Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California 939^ 0 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT, PROJECT, TASK AREA ft WORK UNIT NUMBERS II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME...ANO ADDRESS Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California 939^ 0 12. REPORT DATE March 1976 13. NUMBER OF PAGES 14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME ft

  18. The Synthesis of Force Closure Grasps in the Plane.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    TASK U Artificial Inteligence Laboratory AREA A WORK UN IT "NMUIERS ~( 545 Technology Square Cambridge, MA 02139 SI. CONTROLLING OFICE NAME ANO... ARTIFICIAL INThLLIX’ ENCE LABORATORY A. 1. Memo 861 September, 1985 The Synthesis of Force-Closure Grasps In the Plane DTIC ’VeL% ,#ECTE 1 VnDcNguyenU Abstract... Artificial In- telligenmcc Liabomatory of thle Massachuset Is hInsttute of Teclhnolog3 . Support for the Lahoratot * s Artificial Intelligence research is

  19. Dynamical Systems and Motion Vision.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    TASK Artificial Inteligence Laboratory AREA I WORK UNIT NUMBERS 545 Technology Square . Cambridge, MA 02139 C\\ II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO0 ADDRESS...INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY A.I.Memo No. 1037 April, 1988 Dynamical Systems and Motion Vision Joachim Heel Abstract: In this... Artificial Intelligence L3 Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Support for the Laboratory’s [1 Artificial Intelligence Research is

  20. Comparison of Operator Aided Optimization with Iterative Manual Optimization in a Simulated Tactical Decision Aiding Task.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    INTEGRATED SCIENCES CORPORATI ON AREA A WORK UNIT NUMURS 1640 Fifth Street, Suite 204 Santa Monica, California 90401 II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO...j mentation of the decision to strike. 1 Figure 1 shows the 500-by-500 n.m. portion of the ONRODA warfare Iscenario area map used to provide the...geographical context for this study. The boundaries provide an area west of ONRODA for the selection of strike 1 launch points and (it Is assumed) enough

  1. Use of Self-Induced Hypnosis to Modify Thermal Balance during Cold Water Immersion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    interventions can also raise heat production. Previous results from ou,. lab have Lhown that caffeine ing-stion leads to a greater increase in core...refrained from alcohol and caffeine consumption 24 hours before the trials ano ate a light 5 reakfast about 3 hours before immersion. Ninety minutes...34Effects of caffeine and cold on exercise metabolism." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 20, (Suppl), pp. 84, 1988. 15 18. Jackson, J.A

  2. Strategic Assessment 1999. Priorities for a Turbulent World.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    challenge is immense. In many coun- tries, g rowth and ove rpopu la t i on have led to pollution , deplet ion of natural resources, and se- r ious...re- gional conflicts. Energy and resources pose ano ther chal- lenge: they must be deve loped in ways that re- duce pollut ion...growing in- dustries are producing an increasing amount of pollutants . In the absence of such agreement, it may be extremely difficult to secure

  3. Basic Attributes Tests (BAT) System: Development of an Automated Test Battery for Pilot Selection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    analyses, and to Ms. Christine Carvajal for administrative support. Finally, the author extends thanks to Dr. Jeffrey E. Kantor , Major John Quebe, ano...in UPT, advanced training assignment ( fighter or non- fighter aircraft), and in-flight performance scores (Bordelon & Kantor , 1986; Kantor & Bordelon...fast- jet assignment on completion of UPT (Carretta, 1987a, 1987c, 1987d, 1987e). Performance on the personality/aL.i..udinal tests has not been related

  4. On the Prediction of the Lateral/Directional Characteristics of Distributed Jet STOL Configurations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    CONFIGURATIONS Richard E. Kuhn V/STOL CONSULTANT I II Mistletoe Drive Newport News. VA 23606 DECEMBER 1982 FINAL REPORT AIRTASK NO. A03V-320D/001 B/7F41.400...Consultant AIRTASK NJO. AO3V-3200/OO1B/ I1l Mistletoe Drive 7F41-400-000 I I. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAMIE ANO ADDRESS 3.RPORT DATE Naval Air Development

  5. Expression of neuropeptides and anoctamin 1 in the embryonic and adult zebrafish intestine, revealing neuronal subpopulations and ICC-like cells.

    PubMed

    Uyttebroek, Leen; Shepherd, Iain T; Hubens, Guy; Timmermans, Jean-Pierre; Van Nassauw, Luc

    2013-11-01

    This immunohistochemical study in zebrafish aims to extend the neurochemical characterization of enteric neuronal subpopulations and to validate a marker for identification of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). The expression of neuropeptides and anoctamin 1 (Ano1), a selective ICC marker in mammals, was analyzed in both embryonic and adult intestine. Neuropeptides were present from 3 days postfertilization (dpf). At 3 dpf, galanin-positive nerve fibers were found in the proximal intestine, while calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and substance P-expressing fibers appeared in the distal intestine. At 5 dpf, immunoreactive fibers were present along the entire intestinal length, indicating a well-developed peptidergic innervation at the onset of feeding. In the adult intestine, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP), galanin, CGRP and substance P were detected in nerve fibers. Colchicine pretreatment enhanced only VIP and PACAP immunoreactivity. VIP and PACAP were coexpressed in enteric neurons. Colocalization stainings revealed three neuronal subpopulations expressing VIP and PACAP: a nitrergic noncholinergic subpopulation, a serotonergic subpopulation and a subpopulation expressing no other markers. Ano1-immunostaining revealed a 3-dimensional network in the adult intestine containing multipolar cells at the myenteric plexus and bipolar cells interspersed between circular smooth muscle cells. Ano1 immunoreactivity first appeared at 3 dpf, indicative of the onset of proliferation of ICC-like cells. It is shown that the Ano1 antiserum is a selective marker of ICC-like cells in the zebrafish intestine. Finally, it is hypothesized that ICC-like cells mediate the spontaneous regular activity of the embryonic intestine.

  6. Technical Objective Document. Fiscal Year 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    auartz, indium phosophide and its alloys and fluoride glasses are developed for application to time and freauency devices. Signal processing and sensing...r . -ubstrates in the preparation of epitaxial ano ultrastructure tipe layers for use in photonic aDplications and microwave devices. High quality...investigated for use in high speed (terahertz) devices. Heavy metal fluoride glasses will be fabricated and evaluated as radiation hard IR fibers and

  7. Electroacupuncture at ST36 Protects ICC Networks via mSCF/Kit-ETV1 Signaling in the Stomach of Diabetic Mice

    PubMed Central

    Tian, Lugao; Zhu, Beibei

    2017-01-01

    Background. Electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 has been used to regulate gastric motility and effectively improve gastric emptying in diabetic patients. Nevertheless, the specific mechanisms underlying the efficacy of this treatment remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the variations of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and explore the changes in mSCF/KIT-ETV1 signaling in the antrum and corpus of diabetic mice after treatment with EA. Methods. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomized into five groups: control group, diabetic group (DM), diabetic-plus-sham EA group (SEA), diabetic-plus-low-frequency EA group (LEA), and diabetic-plus-high-frequency EA group (HEA). The expression levels of Ano1, c-Kit, and ETV1 were assessed by immunofluorescence in the antrum and corpus. Western blotting and PCR methods were further used to evaluate c-Kit, mSCF, and ETV1 expression. Results. (1) c-Kit and Ano1 were obviously decreased in the DM group, but c-Kit reduced much more than Ano1. (2) The mSCF, c-Kit, and ETV1 mRNA and protein levels were obviously decreased in the DM group in both the antrum and the corpus (P < 0.01), but they were significantly elevated in the LEA and HEA groups (P < 0.01). Conclusions. Ano1 is a reliable marker to detect ICC changes in diabetes; low- and high-frequency EA at acupoint ST36 can protect the networks of ICC possibly via normal activation of mSCF/KIT-ETV1 signaling. PMID:28203258

  8. USSR Report, Earth Sciences.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    34) ’ 79 Prediction of When Avacha Vol ano on Kamchatka Will Erupt (I. V. Melekestsev, V Yu. Kir’yanov; VULKANOLOGIYA I SEYSMOLOGIYA, No 6, ov...During Eruption Period 1980-1981 (V. A. Gavrilov, Ye. : Gordeyev, et al. ; VULKANOLOGIYA I SEYSMC .OGIYA, No 6, Nov-Dec 84) 82 Sounding by...rockmaterial evidently is split off from the bedrock. The rock material is primarily magmatic, both intrusive, primarily granitoid, and effusive , and

  9. Encapsulation and Implantation Studies of InP.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-01

    NUMBERS University of Illinois 1101 W. Springfield Ave. Urbana, TL 61RA _________l____ It. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE July. 1982...Joint Services Electronics Program 13. NUMBER Of PAGES 204 U4. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & AOORESSQIf different from Controlling Office) 15. SECURITY...Results .................... 29 4.3 SIMS Results ................... 32 4.4 Photoluminescence Results ............... . . 40 4.4.1 Controlled Atmosphere

  10. Use of Infrared Spectrometry to Determine the Effect of Temperature on the Description Rates of Trichloroethylene from Plastic Clay 98b

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-01

    hazardous waste that may cause severe environmental and health effects. If left untreated, these hazardous substan-es may pQllute the drinking water...as a potential health hazard in drinking waters ano is considered as the most prevalent of volatile organic compound contaminants. 8 Furthermore, TCE...II. Background Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i3 2.2 TCE Adverse Health Effects . . . . . . . . . 14

  11. [Cost-effectiveness analysis of Belimumab in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Spain].

    PubMed

    Díaz-Cerezo, Silvia; García-Aparicio, Ángel María; Parrondo, Javier; Vallejo-Aparicio, Laura Amanda

    2015-05-01

    Objetivo: Estimar el coste-efectividad (CE) de belimumab en aquellos pacientes con biomarcadores positivos y enfermedad activa a pesar del tratamiento estandar (TE) desde la perspectiva social espanola. Métodos: A partir de un modelo de microsimulacion, que permite simular la evolucion natural de la enfermedad, se estimo el CE de belimumab + TE vs. TE. Se considero una duracion del tratamiento de dos anos y un horizonte temporal de toda la vida. La extrapolacion de eficacia a largo plazo se baso en los ensayos clinicos de belimumab y en la cohorte de pacientes John Hopkins de Estados Unidos; los datos de utilidades se obtuvieron de la literatura. Se calcularon costes directos e indirectos en base a datos espanoles publicados (€, 2014), aplicando una tasa de descuento (TD) del 3% tanto a costes como a efectos. Los resultados se expresaron como ratio coste- efectividad incremental (ICER) en terminos de anos de vida ganados (AVG) y anos de vida ajustados por calidad (AVAC). Se realizaron analisis de sensibilidad deterministicos (TD al 0% y 5%, duracion de tratamiento 5 anos y exclusion de costes indirectos) asi como probabilisticos (PSA). Resultados: El ICER de belimumab + TE vs. TE fue de 16.647€/ AVG y 23.158€/AVAC respectivamente. La variacion de la TD supuso la mayor variacion de los resultados respecto al escenario base. En el 68% de los escenarios simulados en el PSA, belimumab fue una alternativa coste-efectiva considerando como umbral 30.000€/AVAC. Conclusiones: Belimumab puede considerarse una alternativa coste-efectiva desde la perspectiva social espanola.

  12. Manufacturing Readiness Levels Overviews

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    I~e.i;l;.ll lf:<:"i; <_’el:H~i ;l¢e-;.·~!’~lt)l c;.;.::>;oo.r.. o’e~’lo) ’l: cons iC;:ranons HGP: sy.=r c~tm:rn pans. l •n>; SG ano k:Y su-·’»’ C" oUI

  13. Population Structure of the Primary Malaria Vector in South America, Anopheles darlingi, Using Isozyme, Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA, Internal Transcribed Spacer 2, and Morphologic Markers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    derscoring some congruence, in this case, between two dif- ferent molecular markers. Intraspecific variation in the ITS2 region of 21 members of...morphism in the salivary gland chromosomes of Anopheles darlingi. Mosq News 32: 555-565. 29. Tadei WP, Santos JMN, Rabbani MG, 1982. Biologia de ano...Contel EPB, dos Santos JMM, Tadei Wp, 1984. Biologia de Anophelinos Amazonicos. VI. Enzimatica em Anopheles dar- lingi Root (Dipt.: Culicidae). Acta

  14. Real-Time Estimation of Amplitude and Group Delay Distortion in a PSK Line-of-Sight Communications Channel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-01

    CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER (I) -") .- nc Prescott A. ." -RJANIZATICN NAME ANO ADRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMEN-. PROJECT. TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBE RS IiS’. ’ENT AT...34. measurements in order to determine the amplitude and group delay distortion present in a communication channel. , Applications for the new on -line time domain...you may have on the above questions, or any additional details concerning the current application, future potential, or other value of this research

  15. Defense Resource Management Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-02-01

    well-baby examinations and immu- nizations up to two years of age using the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended schedule for benefit...dental carp prograr tive dentistry program for de& d. Plans and supervises medical i material, radiation producing e. Develops ano implements pla...hospitals, and clinics. c. Provides a dental care program which includes complete dental care for eligible personnel. <> preven- tive dentistry program for

  16. Gas tungsten arc and shielded metal arc welding of AISI 41XX steels. Welding procedure specification

    SciTech Connect

    Wodtke, C.H.; Frizzell, D.R.

    1985-08-01

    Procedure WPS-127 is qualified under Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code for gas tungsten arc and shielded metal arc welding of AISI 4130 and 4142 steels (ASTM A519) (P-No: None), 0.438-in. wall pipe; filler metal is AMS 6457, Class 4130 MC (F-, A-No; None) (GTAW) and E8018-B2L (F-4, A-3) (GMAW); shielding gas is argon (GTAW).

  17. Welding procedure specification. Supplement 1. Records of procedure qualification tests. Gas tungsten arc and shielded metal arc welding of AISI 41XX steels. [4130 and 4142 steels

    SciTech Connect

    Wodtke, C.H.; Frizzell, D.R.

    1986-06-01

    Procedure WPS-127 is qualified under Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code for gas tungsten arc and shielded metal arc welding of AISI 4130 and 4142 steels (ASTM A519) (P-No: None), 0.438-inch wall pipe; filler metal is AMS 6457, Class 4130 MC (F-, A-No: None) (GTAW) and E8018-B2L (F-4, A-3) (GMAW): shielding gas is argon (GTAW).

  18. High-Order Non-Reflecting Boundary Conditions for the Linearized Euler Equations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Bérenger [11] for the 2-D Maxwell equations. This absorbing layer method surrounds the computational domain with a dispersive medium, defined in such a...no advection or forcing terms. After demon - strating the validity of this prototypical implementation in Section B, we proceed to incorporate the...may improve these results [55], but for the purpose of this dissertation, it is sufficient to demon - strate how to use the auxiliary variable NRBC

  19. A Site Characterization Methodology for Aquifer in Support of Bioreclamation Activities. Volume 1: Well Network Design, Well Equations, and Aquifier Multiwell and Single-Well Tests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-01

    trcludir; tfttie lr, ot reviewing instuctions. sear~ h ;n ex.$,`@ cat& $out Ces.gatpe~r, and mamnlaflng the data -*eded and comrgete 9 anO re. ew nq...Geological Survey and for an aquifer composed of glacial till in Borden , Canada, studied by Stanford and Waterloo Universities, are less than 0.5. The...NIELSEN NEIL 1BColonel, USAF, BSC 7 PjDirector, Environics Directorate OBERT G. LAPOE, t jor, USAF, BSCChief, Site Remedittion Division xi (The

  20. India’s Military Buildup -- Is It Justified by Security Needs in the Coming Decades

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    varied religions ano cultures. As India strives for unity in this diversity and struggles to grow economically stronger, she needs to be insulated from...POWER PROJECTION .. ....... ........... 16 India’s Defense Posture . .;........16 Sri Laiaka and Maldives .. ......... ...... 17 Evaluation...1988. India sent troops to quell a coup attempt by mercenaries in the south Indian Ocean nation of the Maldives . These interventions had become the

  1. 7 CFR 52.38 - Sampling plans and procedures for determining lot compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Group 4: Any type of container of a volume exceeding that of aNo. 12 size can. Convert to equivalent number of 6-lb. net weight containers and use group 3 Lot inspection sample size (no. of sample units) 2... 1 lb. but not over 2-1/2 lbs. net weight 1,200 orless 1,201 to4,800 4,801 to15,600 15,601...

  2. Bibliography of Soviet Material on Internal Waves, Number 6, November 1975 - April 1976

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-07

    PROJECT, TASKl Ti. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO A J-DRESS Defense Advance Research Projects Agency/TAO 1400 Wilson Blvd. Defense Supply Service...acoustic. fi»-M in a shallow sea. Akusticheskiy zhurnal. no. 6, 1975, 833-838. 2. Ambrosimov, A . K., and N. V. Vershinskiy. Thermoelectric...gradient meter. IN: Kompleksnyye is sledovaniya v Miro vom okeane. Moskva, 1975, 146-149. (RZhGeofiz, 11/75, #11V30) 3. Andryushchenko, A

  3. Measurements of the Low-Frequency Wind-Generated Ambient Noise in the Deep Ocean.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-01

    from additional sites throughout the Tasman Sea -Fiji Basin region. Variation in measured level is compared to wind speed, sea state, and propagation...sponsorship of the Undersea Warfare Technology Office, Naval Sea Systems Command under NUSC Project No.t A65005, Ambient Noise Characteristics; NAVSEA...Systems CenterASAAWNUI NJES New London Laboratory A50 New London, CT 06320 I I. CONTUOLLING OFFICE NAME ANO AGONIES I WR S Naval Sea Systems Command

  4. Two-Dimensional Signal Processing and Storage and Theory and Applications of Electromagnetic Measurements.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-08-01

    7 AIP-A 19 0 &GEORGIA INST .OF TECH ATLANTA SCHOOL OF ELECTRICAL EN-.ETC F/0Q/ A-A11 gal.TWO-QIMENSIOHAL S16NAL PfiOCES IP.O AND STOMA .( ANO...ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse side It neceeemy mnd Identify by block number) This is an annual report on research conducted under the auspices of the

  5. Gila Bend AAF, Gila Bend, Arizona, Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-23

    Environmental Technical Appl . CenterScott AFB IL 6i2225 II. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO ADDRESS 12 RpPO-Dr USAFETAC/CBD 23 Dec 75 ’Air Weather Service (MAC) 13...LOCATION CHANCE LOCATION TRANSMITTER RECORDER GROUND 1 No% 48 N/A N/A N/A N/A 2 May 69 Same AN/ GMO -20 Same 13 Ft 3 Aug 75 Same Same Same Same

  6. Advanced Electrical Test Techniques for LSI Microcircuits.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED JUN4 2 ROME AIR DEVELOPMENT CENTER Air Force Systems Command Griffiss Air Force Base, New York 13441 L 82 o) * 58 This report...Engineering Services & Support Division 2338011B P. 0. Box 3310, Fullerton CA 92634 11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO AOORESS 12. REPORT DATE Rome Air ...i li - ii i i U EVALUATION Microcircuit electrical testing has evolved from SSI/MSI where parametric measurements were able to monitor device quality

  7. Expression of anoctamin 1/TMEM16A by interstitial cells of Cajal is fundamental for slow wave activity in gastrointestinal muscles.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Sung Jin; Blair, Peter J A; Britton, Fiona C; O'Driscoll, Kate E; Hennig, Grant; Bayguinov, Yulia R; Rock, Jason R; Harfe, Brian D; Sanders, Kenton M; Ward, Sean M

    2009-10-15

    Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) generate pacemaker activity (slow waves) in gastrointestinal (GI) smooth muscles, but the mechanism(s) of pacemaker activity are controversial. Several conductances, such as Ca(2+)-activated Cl() channels (CaCC) and non-selective cation channels (NSCC) have been suggested to be involved in slow wave depolarization. We investigated the expression and function of a new class of CaCC, anoctamin 1 (ANO1), encoded by Tmem16a, which was discovered to be highly expressed in ICC in a microarray screen. GI muscles express splice variants of the Tmem16a transcript in addition to other paralogues of the Tmem16a family. ANO1 protein is expressed abundantly and specifically in ICC in all regions of the murine, non-human primate (Macaca fascicularis) and human GI tracts. CaCC blocking drugs, niflumic acid and 4,4-diisothiocyano-2,2-stillbene-disulfonic acid (DIDS) reduced the frequency and blocked slow waves in murine, primate, human small intestine and stomach in a concentration-dependent manner. Unitary potentials, small stochastic membrane depolarizations thought to underlie slow waves, were insensitive to CaCC blockers. Slow waves failed to develop by birth in mice homozygous for a null allele of Tmem16a (Tmem16a(tm1Bdh)(/tm1Bdh)) and did not develop subsequent to birth in organ culture, as in wildtype and heterozygous muscles. Loss of function of ANO1 did not inhibit the development of ICC networks that appeared structurally normal as indicated by Kit antibodies. These data demonstrate the fundamental role of ANO1 in the generation of slow waves in GI ICC.

  8. Cryptanalysis of the Kiyomoto-Fukushima-Tanaka Anonymous Attribute Authentication Scheme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Haeryong

    Kiyomoto-Fukushima-Tanaka proposed a perfectly ano-nymous attribute authentication scheme that realizes unidentifiable and untraceable authentication with offline revocation checking. The Kiyomoto-Fukushima-Tanaka scheme uses a self-blindable certificate that a user can change randomly. Thus, the certificate is modified for each authentication and the authentication scheme has the unidentifiable property and the untraceable property. However, in this letter, we show that the Kiyomoto-Fukushima-Tanaka scheme is insecure against the impersonation attack.

  9. LINOPT: A FORTRAN Routine for Solving Linear Programming Problems,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-09

    MD 20910 2R44EA501 I I. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO AOORESS 12. REPORT DATE 9 October 1981 ’I. NUMBER OF PAGES 46 11. MONITORING AGENCY NAME...block /XXXLP/, which must accordingly be a common block in the calling program. ROUNDOFF CONTROL In the program there are three input variables which...can be used to control roundoff error accummulations. EPS is a tolerance used in checking constraint violations. H is also used to zero out

  10. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 1. Records Search, Pease AFB, New Hampshire

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    PROJECT , TASKCH.M Hill AREA 4 WORK UNIT NUMBERS 723.1 Nw 11 Place * Gainsville, FL 1•. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO AOORESS I’L REPORT DATE HQ SAC/DEPV...Phase III (not part of this contract) consists of technology base development to support the development of project plans for controlling migration or...development to support the development of project plans for controlling migration or restoring the installation. Phase IV (not part of this contract

  11. On the ground and some low-lying excited states of ScB: A multiconfigurational study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Černušák, Ivan; Dallos, Michal; Lischka, Hans; Müller, Thomas; Uhlár, Milan

    2007-06-01

    The electronic structure of a series of low-lying excited triplet and quintet states of scandium boride (ScB) was examined using multireference configuration interaction (including Davidson's correction for quadruple excitations) and single-reference coupled cluster (CC) methods with averaged natural orbital (ANO) basis sets. The CC approach was used only for the lowest quintet state. The authors have analyzed eight low-lying triplets Σ-3(2), Σ+3, Π3(3), and Δ3(2) dissociating to Sc(D2)/B(P2) atoms and eight low-lying quintet states Σ-5, Σ+5, Π5(2), Φ5, and Δ5(3) dissociating to Sc(F4)/B(P2) atoms. They report the potential energy curves and spectroscopic parameters of ScB obtained with the multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) technique including all singly and doubly excited configurations obtained with the ANO-S basis set. For the two lowest states they obtained also improved ANO-L spectroscopic constants, dipole and quadrupole moments as well as scalar relativistic effects based on the Douglas-Kroll-Hess Hamiltonian. They provide the analysis of the bonding based on Mulliken populations and occupation numbers. Since the two lowest states, Σ-3 and Σ-5, lie energetically very close, their principal goal was to resolve the nature of the ground state of ScB. Their nonrelativistic MRCI(Q) (including Davidson correction) results indicate that the quintet is more stable than the triplet by about 800cm-1. Inclusion of scalar relativistic effects reduces this difference to about 240cm-1. The dissociation energies for Σ-5 ScB range from 3.20to3.30eV while those for the Σ-3 range from 1.70to1.80eV.

  12. Comparative Evaluation of the Implementation of the Deficit Reduction Act within the Department of Defense.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    auto:a;ic wicnfl:raW3.s from accounz;. at financial institucions , ana a under wnicn financiaLa. institutions receive ano del-oziL. on beiaif of cne...procedures are implemented to coilect the debt. ’s. Contractor Deot Tne Deot Coi.Lection Status Report is u.;ea Lo manuall -y assess to-,e debts owed by

  13. The Computational Complexity of Two-Level Morphology,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-11-01

    At65 991 THE COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY OF TUO-LEVEL MORPHOLOGY 1/1 (U) MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB G E BARTON...9 PE~RORuNG ORGANIZATION NAME ANO ADDRESS o. PROGRM~ ELEMENT PROjECT TASK Artificial Intelligence Laboratory AREA4 WORK UNIT NUM@ERS 545 Technology... ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LABORATORY A.I. Memo No. 856 November, 1985 THE COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY OF TWO-LEVEL MORPHOLOGY G. Edward Barton, Jr. ABSTRACT

  14. The Sources and Processes of International Behavior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-03-20

    unvironment of states has long been of general concern to scholars of interstate politics and foreign policy. In recei’ • ysars, !-.he total...PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME ANO ADDRESS University of Maryland Department of Government & Politics (IBA Project) College Park, Maryland 20742...five distinct collections of variables which are (1) psychological; (2) politic 1; (3) societal; U) interstate; and (5) g3jbal-3ystemic in

  15. Principle-Based Parsing for Machine Translation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    Translation, Lugano, Switzerland, Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas , Austin. Slocum, Jonathan and Winfield S. Bennett (1985) "The LRC Machine...Laboratory AREAS 4 ORK UNIT NUMEIERS 545 Technology Square Cambridge, MA 02139 1 CONTROLLING OV"iCE N4AME ANO0 ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE Advanced Research ...dlifeent I... CORu.II1410 OlfI9) IS. SECURITY CLASS. (f onIo .eeewj) Office of Naval Research UNCLASSIFIED Information Systems _______________ Arlington

  16. Parallel Warfare: A Strategy for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Pubic reporting burden (of this eonection o! »formation is estanated 13 average 1 hour...for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Oeactorete ft Information Operations and Reports , 1215 Jefferson Davis r&gbwey Sute...ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE 5 June 1998 3. REPORT TYPE ANO DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis, 5 August 1997-5 June 1998 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE

  17. A General Procedure for Obtaining Velocity Vector from a System of High Response Impact Pressure Probes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    the stationary bladeless gap, are simpler to make than measurements within the rotating passages. Transducer probes can be installed through the...Aircraft East Hartford, Connecticut 06108 15. Chief, Fan and Compressor Branch Mail Stop 5-9 NASA Lewis Research Center 21000 Brookpark Road Cleveland, Ohio...Leroy H. Smith, Jr. X~acrCompressor ano Fan Technology Operation criral Electric Cor,-p,:,..y Aircraft Engine TechnoloGy Division DTO Mail Drop H43

  18. Visits by Nuclear-Powered Warships to Australian Ports: Report on Radiation Monitoring During 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    the Leader of the Radiation Monitoring Group is always a radiation protection officer of Ansto . 13. The marine environmental monitoring program is a...no radionuclide was detected that would be characteristic of the radioactive waste associated with NPW operations. Training 30. Ansto provided...and HMAS MORETON personnel were used to assist Ansto in impiementing the monitoring program. CONCLUSIONS 31. The program of radiation monitoring and

  19. EPIC Computational Models of Psychological Refractory-Period Effects in Human Multiple-Task Performance,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-01

    response symbol; e.g., LEFT-INDEX) to either a relevant motor processor or working memory. Also, to sustain proper performance, this set of rules handles...usiveillspeibeNob Denim 4t salm n6-74 ANO01.. VA =57.$M6 smwft .. CA Sias Cuombheft a.mweTo~ielg PirwaocA 0325 Dfrmwe Copli.v ow4 Dr. Jobs M UMouSe

  20. Pseudomonas orchitis in puberty.

    PubMed

    Rajagopal, Ambil S

    2004-10-01

    Acute epididymo-orchitis is a common cause of 'acute scrotum' in adolescence and young adults, and the common causative pathogens are Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This is a rare case of acute epididymo-orchitis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a pubertal boy with a history of 'ano-receptive' intercourse. On Medline search there are no reports of pseudomonas orchitis in this age group.

  1. A Mobile Robot Sonar System with Obstacle Avoidance.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    vehicle, robot, obstacle avoidance, sonar sensing 102 17. SECURITY CLASSWIFCATION 1S. SECURITY CLASINFICATION I& SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 20. UMITATION...WITH OBSTACLE - AVOIDANCE __ by __ Patrick Gerard Byrne March 1994 Thesis Advisor: Yutaka Kanayama Approved for public release; distribution is...SEOLY(Lae anO r Iff TDT, Master’s Thesis _____________ 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE L FUMNING NUMBR A Mobile Robot Sonar System With Obstacle Avoidance (U

  2. The Effectiveness of a Nurse-Managed Smoking Cessation Intervention in Hospitalized General Surgical Patients

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    4 ’ t!e rover ano Utie page S.-• ..... ... " -. . ""••ort.:r 5 tO ,a• v with;in the lines "’, •£•= .: ’ ^, " c " • - ?., • ,1 1 , III . II i THESIS...OF TABLES .......................................... v LIST OF FIGURES ......................................... vi CHAPTER PAGE I. INTRODUCTION...IV. DATA ANALYSIS .................................... 17 V . DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS ...................... 24 APPENDICES A. Preliminary

  3. Measuring the Effectiveness of AAMTD

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-07-02

    Clemson University Clemson Apparel Research 500 Lebanon Road Pendleton, SC 29670 July 1993 ..-98 • •--_---z _ .. . 93-18377 I3 8 9 0 41...S). Patricia P. Watkins 7, PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) ANO AD)ORESS(ES) 8. PERFORMINC* OR•GANIZATION Clemson Apparel Research REPORT NUMBER 500... Clemson Apparel Research. In order to obtain the necessary data required, a survey was developed that is provided to visitors of Clemson Apparel

  4. Hospitalization of people 50 years old or older living with HIV/AIDS.

    PubMed

    Pio, Daiana Patrícia Marchetti; Reinato, Lilian Andreia Fleck; Lopes, Letícia Pimenta; Caliari, Juliano de Souza; Gir, Elucir

    2017-01-01

    Identify the rate and predictive factors of the hospitalization of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), aged 50 years or older. A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted at two inpatient units specialized in infectious diseases in a teaching hospital. Data were gathered through individual interviews between August 2011 and February 2015. All ethical precepts were followed. Of the 532 admitted patients, 95 were PLHA 50 years old or older; 30.5% were admitted 3 to 4 times after being diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. Rate of hospitalization was 17.8%, and being 50 to 60 years old was a protective factor against hospitalization. Identificar a taxa e os fatores preditores para a hospitalização de pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids (PVHA), com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos. Estudo quantitativo, transversal, realizado em duas unidades de internação especializadas em cuidados às doenças infecciosas, de um hospital universitário. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista individual, no período de agosto de 2011 a fevereiro de 2015. Todos os preceitos éticos foram contemplados. Das 532 internações, 95 eram de PVHA com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos; 56,8% receberam o diagnóstico de HIV/Aids antes de terem completado 50 anos de idade; 30,5% foram hospitalizadas de 3 a 4 vezes após o diagnóstico da infecção pelo HIV/Aids. A taxa de hospitalização foi de 17,8%, e a faixa etária de 50 a 60 anos foi fator de proteção para a hospitalização.

  5. CW Ultraviolet Laser Excited with an Electron Beam

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    than the He-Ag ’ nfrared laser 2 Thne cotimum. average neon pressure was found to b7 ’Ce1 3 orr. W e note that with the octical cav4_ty ano- electr...Silfvast, "Neutral-Atcm Recombination Lasers in CO2 Laser-Vaporized Target Material," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-21, p. 1714, Oct. 1985. 4) W. T

  6. Brazilian Participation in World War II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-15

    Brasil na Segunda Guerra Mundial (Brazil in War World II): In order to have personnel to perform the jobs of company commanders, it was necessary to...Branco, 136. 18Octavio Costa, Trinta Anos Depois da Volta. O Brasil na Segunda Guerra Mundial (Rio de Janeiro: Bibliex, 1976), 30. 46 19McCann...na Segunda Guerra Mundial . Rio de Janeiro: Biblioteca do Exército Editora, 1976. Dulles, John W. F. Vargas of Brazil: A Political Biography. Austin

  7. Maritime Factors Affecting Iberian Security,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    geopolitica peninsular y europea ha dado una importancia especial a los asun- tos maritimos a traves de la historia . Los factores mariiimos permanecen...Sovio’tica no logre desarrollar sus vinculos con los pal"ses del litoral austral meditorranoo hasta tal punto quo so le otorgue ol derecho do valerse do...sovietico. Por pri- mera vez on su historia , la Union Sovioitica tiene un interes en el uso positivo del oce"ano, y esta adquiriendo fuerzas navalos do

  8. Syntactic Closures.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    Friedman, Matthias Felleisen , and Bruce Duba. "Hygienic macro expansion." 1986 A CAI Conference on Lisp anid Functional Programming , pp. 151-159. [3...ORGANIZATION NAME ANO ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT PROJECT. TASK Artificial Inteligence Laboratory AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS ’) 545 Technology Square % Ln...paper that will appear in the Proceedings of the 1988 ACM Conference on Lisp and Functional Programming . @1988 Association for Computing Machinery. e

  9. Grand Forks - East Grand Forks Urban Water Resources Study. Summary Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    climatic, physical, biological , and socioeconomic characteristics which yielded common water resource manage- ment problems and goals. Federal, State...and-o load. follo-up adjutment. f. ay cawse hiockdmrprhioe iv arginal sesame Cacr ein, ol i~ag ftMandetory I. Mechanical device. rend. anoe deapte .er I...Quality 1a effct . Ma effect. No effect. Wildlife No ffect. 1M effert. No effect. Hydrologic Ma affect. No affect. 1scr.ol.d treflow. Public Realth Higher

  10. Syntax, Semantics, and Speech

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-04-01

    titu so com com exea gins nt o ne has use that... titu ices a pa rnat ents ts act t ypic rt as rapn) th a ent t to rser , i ve (wne and repre al c in , bu se ype nan tne cons...re a tne sent ases, our e t ins t of ano t die t incl titue segm cons ation one xampl ide a asso ne po he mo usion nt 1 ent

  11. Nanoporous Silicon Based Energetic Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    PSi-Pb O and PSi- open b O p rn rat ysical4 3 4 re measured by filling a 3 h mfer of know T estimated from high speed video. The results of the...slower tith a flash. Q tively, the eaction o ano iron 3 is comp mites . Fi to nano al and Figure 7 s he ignit -nano C d PSi-na owders

  12. A Synthesis of Research on Color, Typography, and Graphics as they Relate to Readability.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    scores for groups -1crr-’ and white caper (Michael arnd Jones, 1955). On the other hand, jr.:i,3 *,e, .!r ano J. Kenneth Jones. in ;-raestudies, cite the...source of that data. Cohen, Peter A., Barbara J. Ebeling, and James A. Kulik (1981) "A meta- ainalysis of outcome studies on visual-based instruction...learning-visual testing scored significantly higher in indentifying details than did the control group. Tversky, Barbara ( 1969) "Pictorial and verbal

  13. Experimental and Computational Evidence for the Reduction Mechanisms of Aromatic N-oxides by Aqueous Fe(II)-Tiron Complex.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yiling; Dong, Hao; Zhang, Huichun

    2016-01-05

    A combined experimental-theoretical approach was taken to elucidate the reduction mechanisms of five representative aromatic N-oxides (ANOs) by Fe(II)-tiron complex and to identify the rate-limiting step. Based on the possible types of complexes formed with the reductant, three groups of ANOs were studied: type I refers to those forming 5-membered ring complexes through the N and O atoms on the side chain; type II refers to those forming 6-membered ring complexes through the N-oxide O atom and the O atom on the side chain; and type III refers to complexation through the N-oxide O atom only. Density functional theory calculations suggested that the elementary reactions, including protonation, N-O bond cleavage, and the second electron transfer processes, are barrierless, indicating that the first electron transfer is rate-limiting. Consistent with the theoretical results, the experimental solvent isotope effect, KIEH, for the reduction of quinoline N-oxide (a type III ANO) was obtained to be 1.072 ± 0.025, suggesting protonation was not involved in the rate-limiting step. The measured nitrogen kinetic isotope effect, KIEN, for the reduction of pyridine N-oxide (a type III ANO) (1.022 ± 0.006) is in good agreement with the calculated KIEN for its first electron transfer (1.011-1.028), confirming that the first electron transfer is rate-limiting. Electrochemical cell experiments demonstrated that the electron transfer process can be facilitated significantly by type I complexation with FeL2(6-) (1:2 Fe(II)-tiron complex), to some extent by type II complexation with free Fe(II), but not by weak type III complexation.

  14. A System Approach to Navy Medical Education and Training. Appendix 8 Occupational/Physical Therapy Technician.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-08-31

    SYMPTOMS OF PAIN 39 1OBSERVE/REPORT SYMPTOMS OF SIDE EFFECTS TO TREATMENT/MEDICATION 40 ICHECK COLOR OF SKIN, EeGe CYANOSIS, BLANCHING, JAUNDICE...IMOUTH MOVEMENTS 14 ITEACH PATIENT WORD RECOGNITION, EeG. PICTURE/WORD RELATIONSHIPS 15 ITEACH PATIENT SHAPE/ COLOR RECOGNITION I 16 ITEACH BLINO PATIENT...THAT INFLUENCE PATIENT’S PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE 34 IOBSERVE PATIENT’S GENERAL EMOTIONAL CONDITION, E.G. FACIAL ANO lEYE EXPRESSIONS, QUALITY OF VOICE 35

  15. Human and Computer Control of Undersea Teleoperators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-07-15

    controlled by a human operator, and thus enabling him to extend his sensory- motor function to remote or hazardous environments. SUPERVISORY CONTROL: A...reliable approach would appear to be to add modest computer aiding and "artificial intelligence" to teleoperators, retaining ". human sensing, motor ...STARTING MARKS i iO0 mm 200 mm 400 mm TORQUE MOTOR . WINDER DRUM, ANO POTENTIOMETER - IDLER PULLEYI SA~405~-7 2 FIGURE 3.11 HILL’S CALIBRATED PEG-IN

  16. Role of anions and reaction conditions in the preparation of uranium(VI), neptunium(VI), and plutonium(VI) borates.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shuao; Villa, Eric M; Diwu, Juan; Alekseev, Evgeny V; Depmeier, Wulf; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E

    2011-03-21

    U(VI), Np(VI), and Pu(VI) borates with the formula AnO(2)[B(8)O(11)(OH)(4)] (An = U, Np, Pu) have been prepared via the reactions of U(VI) nitrate, Np(VI) perchlorate, or Pu(IV) or Pu(VI) nitrate with molten boric acid. These compounds are all isotypic and consist of a linear actinyl(VI) cation, AnO(2)(2+), surrounded by BO(3) triangles and BO(4) tetrahedra to create an AnO(8) hexagonal bipyramidal environment. The actinyl bond lengths are consistent with actinide contraction across this series. The borate anions bridge between actinyl units to create sheets. Additional BO(3) triangles and BO(4) tetrahedra extend from the polyborate layers and connect these sheets together to form a three-dimensional chiral framework structure. UV-vis-NIR absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy confirms the hexavalent oxidation state in all three compounds. Bond-valence parameters are developed for Np(VI).

  17. Efficacy and safety of alendronic acid in the treatment of osteoporosis in children.

    PubMed

    Martín Siguero, Alberto; Áreas Del Águila, Vera Lucía; Franco Sereno, María Teresa; Fernández Marchante, Ana Isabel; Pérez Serrano, Raúl; Encinas Barrios, Carmen

    2015-11-01

    Objetivos: describir la efectividad y seguridad del uso de acido alendronico en el tratamiento de la osteoporosis en ninos y adolescentes, en condiciones distintas a las autorizadas en la ficha tecnica. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo (2008-2014) de todos los pacientes menores de 18 anos a los que se dispenso acido alendronico para esta indicacion. Los criterios para iniciar tratamiento fueron: densidad mineral osea con puntuacion Z-score ≤ -2,5 DE, antecedentes de fracturas oseas sin traumatismo previo y dolor persistente. Las variables recogidas fueron: demograficas, de tratamiento, clinicas y de seguridad. Se considero efectividad del tratamiento al aumento de la densidad mineral osea hasta obtener Z-score > -2,5 DE. Resultados: un total de 12 pacientes, 8 varones, con una media de edad de 11 anos (} 3 DE), fueron tratados con acido alendronico. Tras un tiempo medio de tratamiento de 2,15 anos (} 1,2 DE), se produjo aumento de la densidad mineral osea en todos los pacientes, 9 de los cuales obtuvieron Z-score > -2,5 DE, por lo que el farmaco se considero efectivo en el 75% de los casos. Ningun paciente presento fracturas oseas ni manifesto efectos adversos durante el tratamiento. Conclusiones: el acido alendronico incremento la densidad mineral osea y se tolero bien en todos los pacientes, por lo que se podria considerar como opcion terapeutica en el tratamiento de la osteoporosis infantil.

  18. Synthesis and structure of U(VI), Np(VI), and Pu(VI) propionates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serezhkin, V. N.; Grigor'ev, M. S.; Abdul'myanov, A. R.; Fedoseev, A. M.; Serezhkina, L. B.

    2015-11-01

    Crystals of [ AnO2(C2H5COO)2(H2O)2], where An = U (I), Np (II), or Pu (III), have been synthesized and studied by X-ray diffraction at 100 K. Compounds I-III are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic system, sp. gr. C2/ c, Z = 4, with the following unit-cell parameters: a = 7.4677(2), 7.4740(1), 7.512(2) Å, b = 14.2384(4), 14.1681(3), 14.182(4) Å, c = 10.5977(3), 10.5875(2), 10.607(3) Å, β = 92.384(1)°, 92.476(1)°, 92.668(17)°. Crystals I-III are composed of the mononuclear complexes [ AnO2(C2H5COO)2(H2O)2] as the main structural units belonging to the crystal-chemical group AB 01 2 M 1 2 ( A= AnO2+ 2, B 01 = C2H5COO-, M 1 = H2O). The crystal-chemical analysis of the structures of compounds of the composition UO2 L 2 · nH2O, where L is the carboxylate ion, is performed.

  19. Synthesis and Coordination Properties of Trifluoromethyl Decorated Derivatives of 2,6-Bis[(diphenylphosphinoyl)methyl]pyridine N-Oxide Ligands with Lanthanide Ions

    SciTech Connect

    Pailloux, Sylvie; Shirima, Cornel Edicome; Ray, Alicia D.; Duesler, Eileen N.; Paine, Robert T.; Klaehn, John D.; McIlwain, Michael E; Hay, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    Phosphinoyl Grignard-based substitutions on 2,6-bis(chloromethyl)pyridine followed by N-oxidation of the intermediate 2,6-bis(phosphinoyl)methyl pyridine compounds with mCPBA give the target trifunctional ligands 2,6-bis[bis-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-phosphinoylmethyl]-pyridine 1-oxide (2a) and 2,6-bis[bis-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-phosphinoylmethyl]-pyridine 1-oxide (2b) in high yields. The ligands have been spectroscopically characterized, the molecular structures confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods and the coordination chemistry surveyed with lanthanide nitrates. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses are described for the coordination complexes Nd(2a)(NO3)3, Nd(2a)(NO3)3 (CH3CN)0.5, Eu(2a)(NO3)3 and Nd(2b)(NO3)3 (H2O)1.25; in each case the ligand binds in a tridentate mode to the Ln(III) cation. These structures are compared with the structures found for lanthanide coordination complexes of the parent NOPOPO ligand, [Ph2P(O)CH2]2C5H3NO.

  20. Video-assisted anal fistula treatment.

    PubMed

    Kochhar, Gaurav; Saha, Sudipta; Andley, Manoj; Kumar, Ashok; Saurabh, Gyan; Pusuluri, Rahul; Bhise, Vikas; Kumar, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    Fistula in ano is a common disease seen in the surgical outpatient department. Many procedures are advocated for the treatment of fistula in ano. However, none of the procedures is considered the gold standard. The latest addition to the list of treatment options is video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT). It is a minimally invasive, sphincter-saving procedure with low morbidity. The aim of our study was to compare the results with a premier study done previously. The procedure involves diagnostic fistuloscopy and visualization of the internal opening, followed by fulguration of the fistulous tract and closure of the internal opening with a stapling device or suture ligation. The video equipment (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) was connected to an illuminating source. The study was conducted from July 2010 to March 2014. Eighty-two patients with fistula in ano were operated on with VAAFT and were followed up according to the study protocol. The recurrence rate was 15.85%, with recurrences developing in 13 cases. Postoperative pain and discomfort were minimal. VAAFT is a minimally invasive procedure performed under direct visualization. It enables visualization of the internal opening and secondary branches or abscess cavities. It is a sphincter-saving procedure and offers many advantages to patients. Our initial results with the procedure are quite encouraging.

  1. Identification and classification of physiologically significant pumping states in an implantable rotary blood pump.

    PubMed

    Karantonis, Dean M; Lovell, Nigel H; Ayre, Peter J; Mason, David G; Cloherty, Shaun L

    2006-09-01

    In a clinical setting it is necessary to control the speed of rotary blood pumps used as left ventricular assist devices to prevent possible severe complications associated with over- or underpumping. The hypothesis is that by using only the noninvasive measure of instantaneous pump impeller speed to assess flow dynamics, it is possible to detect physiologically significant pumping states (without the need for additional implantable sensors). By varying pump speed in an animal model, five such states were identified: regurgitant pump flow, ventricular ejection (VE), nonopening of the aortic valve over the cardiac cycle (ANO), and partial collapse (intermittent and continuous) of the ventricle wall (PVC-I and PVC-C). These states are described in detail and a strategy for their noninvasive detection has been developed and validated using (n = 6) ex vivo porcine experiments. Employing a classification and regression tree, the strategy was able to detect pumping states with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity: state VE-99.2/100.0% (sensitivity/specificity); state ANO-100.0/100.0%; state PVC-I- 95.7/91.2%; state PVC-C-69.7/98.7%. With a simplified binary scheme differentiating suction (PVC-I, PVC-C) and nonsuction (VE, ANO) states, both such states were detected with 100% sensitivity.

  2. An invasive adenocarcinoma of the accessory parotid gland: a rare example developing from a low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma?

    PubMed

    Nakatsuka, Shin-ichi; Harada, Hiroshi; Fujiyama, Hiroshi; Takeda, Koji; Kitamura, Koji; Kimura, Hayato; Nagano, Teruaki; Ito, Mahito; Asada, Yuji

    2011-12-07

    Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (LGCCA) is a rare tumor of the salivary gland that exhibits clinically indolent behavior. In this paper, we present a case of invasive adenocarcinoma of the accessory parotid gland in a young male that exhibited histology suggestive of an association of LGCCA. A 27-year-old man presented with a subcutaneous tumor in his left cheek. The tumor was separated from the parotid gland and located on the masseter muscle. The tumor was resected, and the postoperative histological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified (ANOS). The tumor exhibited papillary-cystic and cribriform proliferation of the duct epithelium and obvious stromal infiltration. Some tumor nests were rimmed by myoepithelium positive for smooth muscle actin, p63, and cytokeratin 14, indicating the presence of intraductal components of the tumor. Tumor cells exhibited mild nuclear atypia, and some of them presented an apocrine-like appearance and had cytoplasmic PAS-positive/diastase-resistant granules and hemosiderin. Other cells had foamy cytoplasm with microvacuoles. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the almost all of the tumor cells were strongly positive for S-100. These histological findings suggest the possibility that ANOS might arise secondarily from LGCCA. This is an interesting case regarding the association between ANOS and LGCCA in oncogenesis. The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1226764594634693.

  3. Coupled-cluster based basis sets for valence correlation calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Claudino, Daniel; Gargano, Ricardo; Bartlett, Rodney J.

    2016-03-01

    Novel basis sets are generated that target the description of valence correlation in atoms H through Ar. The new contraction coefficients are obtained according to the Atomic Natural Orbital (ANO) procedure from CCSD(T) (coupled-cluster singles and doubles with perturbative triples correction) density matrices starting from the primitive functions of Dunning et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 90, 1007 (1989); ibid. 98, 1358 (1993); ibid. 100, 2975 (1993)] (correlation consistent polarized valence X-tuple zeta, cc-pVXZ). The exponents of the primitive Gaussian functions are subject to uniform scaling in order to ensure satisfaction of the virial theorem for the corresponding atoms. These new sets, named ANO-VT-XZ (Atomic Natural Orbital Virial Theorem X-tuple Zeta), have the same number of contracted functions as their cc-pVXZ counterparts in each subshell. The performance of these basis sets is assessed by the evaluation of the contraction errors in four distinct computations: correlation energies in atoms, probing the density in different regions of space via (-3 ≤ n ≤ 3) in atoms, correlation energies in diatomic molecules, and the quality of fitting potential energy curves as measured by spectroscopic constants. All energy calculations with ANO-VT-QZ have contraction errors within "chemical accuracy" of 1 kcal/mol, which is not true for cc-pVQZ, suggesting some improvement compared to the correlation consistent series of Dunning and co-workers.

  4. Anography: a technique for determining the location of the internal opening in perianal fistula.

    PubMed

    Pinsk, I; Seppala, R; Friedlich, M S

    2010-09-01

    Anography is a radiological investigation for fistula-in-ano that identifies the primary fistula track through the internal opening. The efficacy of anography as a radiological method of identifying the location of the internal opening was investigated. A retrospective study of 50 patients with a clinical diagnosis of fistula-in-ano of criptoglandular aetiology was performed. During anography, the location of the internal opening was recorded with respect to the quadrant of anal canal and distance from the anal verge. These data were compared with the findings during examination under anaesthesia (EUA), which was used as the gold standard for the identification of the internal opening. The sensitivity of anography for identifying a patent internal opening was 91% and specificity 100%. There was complete agreement between anography reports and findings at EUA regarding the quadrant of anal canal in which the internal opening was located. In more than 90% of patients, the internal opening was found at EUA within 1 cm from the site described on anography. Anography is an accurate test for predicting the exact quadrant of the anal canal in which the internal opening is located, as well as the distance of the internal opening from the anal verge. This inexpensive and simple radiological investigation should be the test of first choice in the evaluation of patients with fistula-in-ano when difficulty is anticipated in identifying the internal opening.

  5. [Recurring post-traumatic growing skull fracture].

    PubMed

    San Martín-García, Isabel; Aguilera-Albesa, Sergio; Zazpe-Cenoz, Idoya; Yoldi-Petri, M Eugenia

    2015-04-16

    Introduccion. La fractura craneal evolutiva, tambien llamada absorcion osea postraumatica o quiste leptomeningeo, es una rara complicacion de los traumatismos craneoencefalicos y ocurre de forma casi exclusiva en ninos menores de 3 anos. Caso clinico. Nino de 6 meses que presentaba, dos meses despues de un traumatismo craneal aparentemente banal, persistencia de cefalohematoma temporooccipital izquierdo sin otros signos. El estudio de ecografia transfontanelar revelo un defecto oseo con herniacion cerebral, y la tomografia computarizada y la resonancia magnetica confirmaron, ademas, una fractura evolutiva. Se realizo reseccion del quiste encefalomeningeo, cierre dural y reparacion del defecto oseo con placas y material de lactato. Tres meses despues de la intervencion, presentaba persistencia de coleccion liquida y se confirmo recidiva de la fractura evolutiva. Tras la reintervencion, se coloco casco ortesico para evitar nuevas recidivas. Un ano despues del traumatismo, el paciente continua asintomatico. Conclusiones. Todo nino menor de 3 anos con cefalohematoma postraumatico deberia ser revisado de forma periodica hasta comprobar la resolucion de la coleccion, en particular si presenta fractura craneal. La presencia de un cefalohematoma persistente mas de dos semanas despues de un traumatismo craneoencefalico debe hacernos sospechar un proceso de fractura creciente, y son necesarias la reparacion de la duramadre y una craneoplastia para su tratamiento. La colocacion de material reabsorbible permite su remodelacion con el crecimiento craneal del paciente, pero su fragilidad conlleva riesgo de recidiva. La colocacion de un casco ortesico tras la intervencion podria prevenir complicaciones.

  6. [Thermosensitive TRP channels and brain function].

    PubMed

    Tominaga, Makoto

    2016-04-01

    Capsaicin receptor TRPV1 and wasabi receptor TRPA1 are expressed in the unmyelinated C fiber nociceptors and activated by various nociceptive stimuli causing pain in our body. Their involvement in nociception was proven with behavior studies using mice lacking TRPV1 and TRPA1. TRPV1 was found to interact with a calcium-activated chloride channel, anoctamin1 (ANO1), and calcium ions entering the primary sensory neurons activated ANO1, leading to chloride efflux which resulted in further depolarization. This is a novel pain-enhancing mechanism. A splicing variant of mouse TRPA1 (TRPA1b) was identified, and TRPA1b was found to bind to the full length TRPA1 (TRPA1a) and enhance the translocation of TRPA1a to the plasma membrane, leading to the increase in TRPA1 activity. The increase in TRPA1b transcript in the inflammatory and neuropathic pain conditions suggests the involvement of TRPA1b in the increased pain sensation under pathological conditions. Regulation of TRPV1/ANO1 complex formation or TRPA1b production could be a promising way to develop novel analgesic agents.

  7. Relativistic Multireference Quantum Chemical Study of the Electronic Structure of Actinide Trioxide Molecules.

    PubMed

    Kovács, Attila

    2017-03-17

    Actinide trioxide (AnO3, An = U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm) molecules have been investigated by relativistic multireference quantum chemical calculations with the goal to elucidate their electronic structures. The molecular geometries of the ground and selected excited electronic states have been optimized at the spin-orbit-free complete active space second-order perturbation theory (SF-CASPT2) level. The low-lying vertical excitation states have been computed and characterized by CASPT2 calculations taking into account spin-orbit coupling. The reason for the considerable lengthening of the equatorial An-O bond in AmO3 and CmO3 with respect to the other trioxides has been analyzed on the basis of valence molecular orbitals of the SF ground electronic states. For the bond in question a singly occupied π orbital has been identified, this orbital is doubly occupied in the other (An = U, Np, Pu) trioxides. The clarified electronic structures of the investigated AnO3 molecules confirmed the pentavalent character of Am and Cm in their trioxides in contrast to the hexavalent character of U, Np, and Pu.

  8. [Anogenital Warts in a Major Venereology Clinic: Centro de Saúde da Lapa - Lisbon, 2008 to 2014].

    PubMed

    Gameiro, Ana; Alves, João; Santo, Irene; Azevedo, Jacinta

    2016-02-01

    Introdução: O vírus do papiloma humano é responsável pela infeção sexualmente transmissível mais comum, podendo manifestar--se por um conjunto amplo de doenças, nomeadamente condilomas anogenitais, papilomatose laríngea recorrente, e neoplasias da região anogenital, colo do útero e orofaringe. Estima-se que os condilomas anogenitais afetem 1% da população sexualmente ativa, causados em cerca de 90% pelos genótipos 6 e 11. Material e Métodos: Identificámos os doentes com primeiro diagnóstico de condilomas anogenitais da consulta de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis do Centro de Saúde da Lapa, entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro de 2014, e caracterizámos os doentes por sexo, orientação sexual, idade, localização das lesões, e número de parceiros nos últimos seis meses. Resultados: Foram identificados 902 indivíduos com primeiro diagnóstico de condilomas anogenitais. Observámos uma diminuição significativa de novos casos nas mulheres com < 19 anos (r = -0,848; p = 0,016), e uma diminuição sem significado estatístico nos homens com < 19 anos e nas mulheres entre os 20 - 24 anos. Discussão: Em outubro de 2008, a vacina quadrivalente (genótipos 6, 11, 16, 18) foi introduzida no plano nacional de vacinação de Portugal, abrangendo as adolescentes com 13 anos, com um catch-up para as de 17 anos. A diminuição de primeiros diagnósticos de condilomas anogenitais nas mulheres, deve-se provavelmente à sua vacinação antes de iniciarem a vida sexual. Conclusão: Este estudo reforça a import'ncia do programa nacional de vacinação para o vírus do papiloma humano.

  9. Curative effect of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius tuber on experimental hemorrhoids in rats.

    PubMed

    Dey, Yadu Nandan; Wanjari, Manish M; Kumar, Dharmendra; Lomash, Vinay; Jadhav, Ankush D

    2016-11-04

    Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson (Family- Araceae) is a crop of south East Asian origin. In India, its tuber is widely used in ethnomedicinal practices by different tribes for the treatment of piles (hemorrhoids). The present study evaluated the effect of methanolic and aqueous extract of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius tuber on croton oil induced hemorrhoids in rats. The methanolic extract was standardized with the major phenolic compound, betulinic acid, by HPLC. The hemorrhoids were induced by applying 6% croton oil preparation in the ano-rectal region. Rats were orally administered methanolic and aqueous extract at doses of 250 and 500mg/kg, each for 7 days. Pilex (200mg/kg) was used as reference anti-hemorrhoidal drug. Hemorrhoids were assessed on eighth day by measuring hemorrhoidal and biochemical parameters along with histology of ano-rectal tissue. Croton oil application caused induction of hemorrhoids as indicated by significant (p<0.001) increase in plasma exudation of Evans blue in ano-rectal tissue, macroscopic severity score and ano-rectal coefficient as compared to normal rats. It significantly (p<0.001) elevated lactate dehydrogenase and cytokines (TNF-α and IL-6) levels in serum and increased myeloperoxidase activity and lipid peroxidation in ano-rectal tissue along with marked histological damage as compared to normal rats. Treatment with tuber extracts and pilex significantly (p<0.05-p<0.001) ameliorated Evans blue exudation, hemorrhoidal parameters and other biochemical parameters with attenuation of tissue damage compared to hemorrhoid control rats. The results indicate that tuber extracts exhibited curative action on hemorrhoids. The aqueous extract showed more pronounced effect than methanolic extract. The effects may be attributed to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Results indicate that tuber of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius exhibited curative action on hemorrhoids through anti-inflammatory and antioxidant

  10. [Presentation of the anatomical and clinical method of direct faciometrics in children with preliminary clinical objectives].

    PubMed

    Furtado, Ivo A; Agostinho, Helena Roque

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: Introduzimos o conceito de faciometria directa propedêutica, subjacente ao método de avaliação do crescimento da face infantil apresentado, com relevantes vantagens sobre outros métodos utilizados. Material e Métodos: Observámos 102 crianças Caucasianas saudáveis, de ambos os sexos, até aos 14 anos (inclusive), que acederam à Consulta de Estomatologia Pediátrica do Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa-Norte, desde 1 de Maio de 2011 e durante um ano. Avaliámos o grau de crescimento facial e as suas características, baseados em medidas lineares e angulares obtidas a partir de pontos de referência situados na superfície da face. Realizámos registos sistemáticos de frente e perfil; tomámos medidas lineares com paquímetro digital e angulares com goniómetro digital. Usámos o método estatístico de aplicação de tabelas de correlação e do teste de ANOVA a dois factores. Resultados: Apresentamos resultados e construímos curvas de crescimento. Discussão: Verificámos haver um surto de crescimento ântero-posterior da face até aos 6 anos, que prossegue atenuado até aos nove anos. Dos 9 aos 12 anos verificou-se novo surto de crescimento, residual a partir desta idade. Não houve variações significativas nos valores médios etários angulares, nem diferenças de género no crescimento facial. O erro inter-observador foi de 0,62 mm para valores lineares e 2,65 graus para valores angulares. Conclusões: Método fiável, sem imagem nem radiação, não invasivo, simples, económico e reprodutível. Recomendamos para utilização em Estomatologia Pediátrica e Pediatria, por constituir um recurso propedêutico que permite efectuar diagnóstico precoce de anomalias do crescimento facial da criança, susceptíveis de intercepção e correcção atempadas.

  11. PERFACT procedure: A new concept to treat highly complex anal fistula

    PubMed Central

    Garg, Pankaj; Garg, Mahak

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To check the efficacy of the PERFACT procedure in highly complex fistula-in-ano. METHODS: The PERFACT procedure (proximal superficial cauterization, emptying regularly fistula tracts and curettage of tracts) entails two steps: superficial cauterization of mucosa at and around the internal opening and keeping all the tracts clean. The principle is to permanently close the internal opening by granulation tissue. This is achieved by superficial electrocauterization at and around the internal opening and subsequently allowing the wound to heal by secondary intention. Along with this, all the tracts are curetted and it is ensured that they remain empty and clean in the postoperative period until they heal completely. The latter step also facilitates the closure of the internal opening by preventing collected fluid in the tracts from entering the internal opening and thus not letting it close. Objective incontinence scoring was done preoperatively and 3 mo after the operation. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients with complex fistula-in-ano were prospectively enrolled. The median follow-up was 9 mo (5-14 mo). The mean age was 42.7 ± 11.3 years. Male:female ratio was 43:8. Fistula was recurrent in 76.5% (39/51), horseshoe in 50.1% (26/51), had multiple tracts in 52.9% (27/51), had an associated abscess in 41.2% (21/51), was anterior in 33.3% (17/51), the internal opening was not found in 15.7% (8/51) and 9.8% (5/51) of fistulas had a supralevator extension. Seven patients were excluded (5 lost to follow up, 2 with tuberculosis leading to/associated with fistula-in-ano). The success rate was 79.5% (35/44) and the recurrence rate was 20.5% (9/44). Out of these recurrences, three underwent reoperation (2 PERFACT procedure, 1 fistulotomy) and all three were successful. Thus, the overall success rate was 86.4%. The only complication was a non-healing tract in 9.1% (4/44) of patients. There was no significant change in objective incontinence scores three months after the operation

  12. PERFACT procedure: a new concept to treat highly complex anal fistula.

    PubMed

    Garg, Pankaj; Garg, Mahak

    2015-04-07

    To check the efficacy of the PERFACT procedure in highly complex fistula-in-ano. The PERFACT procedure (proximal superficial cauterization, emptying regularly fistula tracts and curettage of tracts) entails two steps: superficial cauterization of mucosa at and around the internal opening and keeping all the tracts clean. The principle is to permanently close the internal opening by granulation tissue. This is achieved by superficial electrocauterization at and around the internal opening and subsequently allowing the wound to heal by secondary intention. Along with this, all the tracts are curetted and it is ensured that they remain empty and clean in the postoperative period until they heal completely. The latter step also facilitates the closure of the internal opening by preventing collected fluid in the tracts from entering the internal opening and thus not letting it close. Objective incontinence scoring was done preoperatively and 3 mo after the operation. Fifty-one patients with complex fistula-in-ano were prospectively enrolled. The median follow-up was 9 mo (5-14 mo). The mean age was 42.7 ± 11.3 years. Male:female ratio was 43:8. Fistula was recurrent in 76.5% (39/51), horseshoe in 50.1% (26/51), had multiple tracts in 52.9% (27/51), had an associated abscess in 41.2% (21/51), was anterior in 33.3% (17/51), the internal opening was not found in 15.7% (8/51) and 9.8% (5/51) of fistulas had a supralevator extension. Seven patients were excluded (5 lost to follow up, 2 with tuberculosis leading to/associated with fistula-in-ano). The success rate was 79.5% (35/44) and the recurrence rate was 20.5% (9/44). Out of these recurrences, three underwent reoperation (2 PERFACT procedure, 1 fistulotomy) and all three were successful. Thus, the overall success rate was 86.4%. The only complication was a non-healing tract in 9.1% (4/44) of patients. There was no significant change in objective incontinence scores three months after the operation. The pain was minimal

  13. Cost-effectiveness analysis of paricalcitol versus calcitriol for the treatment of SHPT in dialytic patients from the SUS perspective.

    PubMed

    Menezes, Fabiana Gatti de; Abreu, Rodrigo Martins; Itria, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    ções nas taxas séricas de cálcio, fósforo e do produto cálcio-fósforo. Este trabalho tem como objetivo desenvolver uma análise de custo-efetividade de paricalcitol versus calcitriol para pacientes em diálise com HPTS, perspectiva do SUS. Foi desenvolvido um modelo de decisão de Markov para a população ≥ 50 anos, com DRC em diálise e HPTS. Foram considerados ciclos trimestrais e um horizonte temporal lifetime. O desfecho clínico avaliado foram os anos de vida ganhos. Dados foram obtidos a partir de revisão sistemática da literatura e bases de dados oficiais. Custos em reais (R$), ano de 2014. No caso base: paricalcitol gerou benefício clínico de 16,28 anos de vida ganhos versus 14,11 anos de vida ganhos com calcitriol, custos totais de R$ 131.064 e R$ 114.262, respectivamente. A razão de custo-efetividade incremental de R$ 7.740 por ano de vida salvo. Dados robustos confirmados pela análise de sensibilidade. De acordo com o limiar de custo-efetividade recomendado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde para o ano de 2013, o tratamento de pacientes com HPTS em diálise com paricalcitol é custo-efetivo, comparado ao calcitriol, perspectiva SUS.

  14. Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold.

    PubMed

    Meneguz-Moreno, Rafael Alexandre; Costa, José de Ribamar; Moscoso, Freddy Antônio Britto; Staico, Rodolfo; Tanajura, Luiz Fernando Leite; Centemero, Marinella Patrizia; Chaves, Auréa Jacob; Abizaid, Andrea Claudia Leão de Sousa; Sousa, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego E; Abizaid, Alexandre Antonio Cunha

    2017-02-01

    Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were developed to improve the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention, restoring vasomotion. To report very late follow-up of everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) in our center. Observational retrospective study, in a single Brazilian center, from August 2011 to October 2013, including 49 patients submitted to Absorb BVS implantation. Safety and efficacy outcomes were analyzed in the in-hospital and very late follow-up phases (> 2 years). All 49 patients underwent a minimum follow-up of 2.5 years and a maximum of 4.6 years. Mean age was 56.8 ± 7.6 years, 71.4% of the patients were men, and 26.5% were diabetic. Regarding clinical presentation, the majority (94%) had stable angina or silent ischemia. Device success was achieved in 100% of cases with 96% overall procedure success rate. Major adverse cardiovascular events rate was 4% at 30 days, 8.2% at 1 year, and 12.2% at 2 years, and there were no more events until 4.6 years. There were 2 cases of thrombosis (1 subacute and 1 late). In this preliminary analysis, Absorb BVS showed to be a safe and effective device in the very late follow-up. Establishing the efficacy and safety profiles of these devices in more complex scenarios is necessary. Os suportes vasculares bioabsorvíveis (SVB) foram desenvolvidos com o intuito de melhorar os resultados da intervenção coronária percutânea a longo prazo, restabelecendo-se a vasomotricidade. Reportar o seguimento muito tardio do implante do SVB eluidor de everolimus Absorb® (Abbot Vascular, Santa Clara, EUA) em nosso centro. Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, em um único centro brasileiro, que incluiu 49 pacientes submetidos ao implante do SVB Absorb® entre agosto/2011 e outubro/2013. Foram analisados os desfechos de segurança e eficácia na fase hospitalar e bastante tardia (> 2 anos). Todos os 49 pacientes completaram um seguimento mínimo de 2,5 anos, sendo o máximo de 4,6 anos

  15. Católicos, fidelidade conjugal e AIDS: entre a cruz da doutrina moral e as espadas do cotidiano sexual dos adeptos1

    PubMed Central

    Rios, Luis Felipe; de Aquino, Francisca Luciana; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel; Oliveira, Cinthia; Parker, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Neste artigo discutimos a visão da Igreja Católica sobre sexualidade na interface com a epidemia do HIV/AIDS. Nossa reflexão está embasada em pesquisa etnográfica que envolveu dois meses de observação participante do cotidiano de católicos de um bairro popular da Região Metropolitana do Recife, além de contar com entrevistas a onze dos leigos engajados nos serviços religiosos da igreja do bairro e a oito sacerdotes que realizam seus trabalhos religiosos em outras localidades. Nelas abordamos diferentes temáticas relacionadas ao enfrentamento da epidemia da AIDS. Nesse contexto, conjugalidade e fidelidade se afiguram como importantes analisadores de como aqueles lidam com a epidemia, em uma variedade de re-descrições práticas e de re-interpretações conceptuais das assertivas do discurso moral religioso – ainda que, muitos impasses permaneçam em aberto em termos das prerrogativas da Igreja e seus possíveis rebatimentos na saúde sexual dos adeptos. PMID:21765650

  16. PubMed

    Rios, Luis Felipe; de Aquino, Francisca Luciana; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel; Oliveira, Cinthia; Parker, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Neste artigo discutimos a visão da Igreja Católica sobre sexualidade na interface com a epidemia do HIV/AIDS. Nossa reflexão está embasada em pesquisa etnográfica que envolveu dois meses de observação participante do cotidiano de católicos de um bairro popular da Região Metropolitana do Recife, além de contar com entrevistas a onze dos leigos engajados nos serviços religiosos da igreja do bairro e a oito sacerdotes que realizam seus trabalhos religiosos em outras localidades. Nelas abordamos diferentes temáticas relacionadas ao enfrentamento da epidemia da AIDS. Nesse contexto, conjugalidade e fidelidade se afiguram como importantes analisadores de como aqueles lidam com a epidemia, em uma variedade de re-descrições práticas e de re-interpretações conceptuais das assertivas do discurso moral religioso - ainda que, muitos impasses permaneçam em aberto em termos das prerrogativas da Igreja e seus possíveis rebatimentos na saúde sexual dos adeptos.

  17. Facile fabrication of n-ZnO nanorods/p-Cu2O heterojunction and its photodiode property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kathalingam, A.; Vikraman, Dhanasekaran; Kim, Hyun-Seok; Park, Hui Joon

    2017-04-01

    This report presents the fabrication and characterization of n-ZnO nanorods/p-Cu2O hetrojunction photo-diode. The ZnO nanorods (NRs) were deposited onto electrodeposited Cu2O thin film by hydrothermal method. The structural, morphological and optical properties of ZnO NRs and Cu2O films were studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, respectively. XRD patterns revealed that the as-grown films were highly crystalline nature with strong predominant orientation of (111) and (002) lattices corresponding to Cu2O and ZnO NRs, respectively. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristic of n-ZnONRs/p-Cu2O structure confirmed the formation of heterojunction exhibiting diode-like rectifying nature. It showed enhanced conversion of UV light, which indicates the suitability of the simple and low-cost n-ZnO NRs/p-Cu2O heterojunction device for optoelectronic applications. The sandwich type ITO/n-ZnO NRs/p-Cu2O/ITO structure is quite novel approach for the efficient and complete collection of carriers in nanorods incorporated devices.

  18. Controle orbital de satélites artificiais com propulsão e uso de gravidade lunar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torres, K. S.; de Almeida Prado, A. F. B.

    2003-08-01

    A redução do custo de combustível de uma manobra é atualmente a grande prioridade de todos os programas espaciais existentes no mundo. As manobras assistidas pela gravidade são uma ótima forma de se contornar o problema pois proporcionam economias com vasto impacto no custo final da missão. Neste trabalho é feito um estudo particular do controle orbital de um satélite artificial da Terra usando a gravidade da Lua. O objetivo é estudar uma técnica econômica para uma mudança de plano de um satélite que está em órbita em volta da Terra. A idéia principal desta abordagem é enviar primeiramente o veículo espacial em direção à Lua usando uma manobra mono-impulsiva para que assim o campo gravitacional da Lua possa fazer a mudança de plano desejada (sem custo de combustível) e só então retornar o veículo aos valores iniciais de semi-eixo e excentricidade usando uma manobra bi-impulsiva tipo Hohmann. Para tanto, é assumido que a espaçonave inicia em uma órbita circular coplanar à órbita da lua em torno da Terra e a meta é colocá-la em uma órbita similar que difere da órbita inicial somente pela inclinação. São usadas equações analíticas baseadas na abordagem Patched Conics para se calcular a variação na velocidade, momento angular, energia e inclinação do veículo espacial que realiza esta manobra. Várias simulações são feitas para se avaliar as economias de combustível envolvidas.

  19. Precessão do jato de 3C120: simulações hidrodinâmicas 3D

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caproni, A.; de Gouveia dal Pino, E. M.; Abraham, Z.; Raga, A. C.

    2003-08-01

    Observações com técnicas de interferometria com longa linha de base têm mostrado a existência de um jato relativístico com componentes superluminais na região central de 3C 120. Estas componentes são ejetadas em distintas direções no plano do céu e com diferentes velocidades aparentes. Estas características foram interpretadas em trabalhos anteriores como efeitos da precessão do jato relativístico. Neste trabalho, realizamos simulações tri-dimensionais do jato de 3C 120 utilizando os parâmetros de precessão determinados em trabalhos anteriores e variando as características iniciais do jato e meio ambiente, tais como densidade numérica e temperatura. Todas as simulações foram feitas com o código hidrodinâmico YGUAZÚ-A, assumindo-se um jato adiabático descrito por uma equação de estado relativística. Pelo fato de estarmos utilizando um código hidrodinâmico, nós assumimos que a intensidade do campo magnético e a distribuição de partículas, necessários para se calcular a emissão sincrotron, são proporcionais à pressão hidrodinâmica. Comparação entre dois cenários distintos, nos quais o material do jato é ejetado com velocidade constante (jato contínuo) e com velocidade modulada por um padrão sinusoidal no tempo (jato intermitente), é apresentada e discutida. Para jatos que apresentam fenômenos de precessão e intermitência, com amplitude de variação na velocidade de injeção maior que dez por cento da velocidade média de injeção, a hipótese balística, controlada pela intermitencia, é mais provável. Por outro lado, para jatos com precessão mas sem intermitência (ou com amplitude de variabilidade em velocidade mais baixa que no caso anterior), o efeito da precessão na morfologia do jato não é desprezível. Portanto, de um modo geral, ambos efeitos (precessão e movimentos balísticos) devem estar concorrendo para afetar a morfologia dos jatos superluminais.

  20. Análise Temporal de Estruturas Morfológicas na Cauda do Tipo I do Cometa P/Halley

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voelzke, M. R.; Matsuura, O. T.

    1996-08-01

    Com base em (Brandt et al, 1992), centenas de imagens do cometa P/Halley foram visualmente analisadas, objetivando examinar possíveis perturbações magnetohidrodinâmicas ao longo da cauda do tipo I. Do total de 1439 imagens, abrangendo o período entre 16 de outubro de 1982 e 12 de fevereiro de 1991, foram escolhidas 531 do período entre 17 de setembro de 1985 e 06 de julho de 1986 por mostrarem cauda bem desenvolvida e rica de estruturas morfológicas. Nelas constatou-se a existência de 124 estruturas ondulatórias (trens de onda) ao longo da cauda principal, 27 ao longo de caudas secundárias, 109 ondas solitárias (sólitons) ao longo da cauda principal, 36 ao longo de caudas secundárias, 12 caudas do tipo Swan, 47 eventos de desconexão e 23 regiões de adensamento ("knots"). Foi examinada a correlação temporal entre esses diferentes tipos de eventos. Os de desconexão foram analisados isoladamente. Seus movimentos próprios foram calculados, bem como os seus instantes iniciais, o que nos permitiu inferir a passagem do cometa pela fronteira entre setores magnéticos distintos. A velocidade do plasma cometário desconectado foi corrigida dos efeitos de projeção e correlacionada com a distância heliocêntrica do cometa. Também foi investigada a periodicidade de ocorrência das desconexães, e constatado que sua distribuição é bimodal. Por fim, a possibilidade dos modos de propagação de ondas MHD "sausage" e "kink" superficiais ou volumétricas, é discutida no contexto das descontinuidades magnéticas tangenciais. - Brandt, J.C., Niedner Jr., M.B., Rahe, J.: The International Halley Watch Atlas of Large-Scale Phenomena. Impresso por: Johnson Printing Co, Boulder, CO. University of Colorado-Boulder, 1992.