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Sample records for p080032 asthmatx incorporated

  1. DISTRIBUTED AMPLIFIER INCORPORATING FEEDBACK

    DOEpatents

    Bell, P.R. Jr.

    1958-10-21

    An improved distributed amplifier system employing feedback for stabilization is presented. In accordance with the disclosed invention, a signal to be amplified is applled to one end of a suitable terminated grid transmission line. At intervals along the transmission line, the signal is fed to stable, resistance-capacitance coupled amplifiers incorporating feedback loops therein. The output current from each amplifier is passed through an additional tube to minimize the electrostatic capacitance between the tube elements of the last stage of the amplifier, and fed to appropriate points on an output transmission line, similar to the grid line, but terminated at the opposite (input) end. The output taken from the unterminated end of the plate transmission line is proportional to the input voltage impressed upon the grid line.

  2. Nepal CRS project incorporates.

    PubMed

    1983-01-01

    The Nepal Contraceptive Retail Sales (CRS) Project, 5 years after lauching product sales in June 1978, incorporated as a private, nonprofit company under Nepalese management. The transition was finalized in August 1983. The Company will work through a cooperative agreement with USAID/Kathmandu to complement the national family planning goals as the program continues to provide comtraceptives through retail channels at subsidized prices. Company objectives include: increase contraceptive sales by at least 15% per year; make CRS cost effective and move towards self sufficiency; and explore the possibility of marketing noncontraceptive health products to improve primary health care. After only5 years the program can point to some impressive successes. The number of retial shops selling family planning products increased from 100 in 1978 to over 8000, extending CRS product availability to 66 of the country's 75 districts. Retail sales have climbed dramatically in the 5-year period, from Rs 46,817 in 1978 to Rs 271,039 in 1982. Sales in terms of couple year protection CYP) have grown to 24,451 CYP(1982), a 36% increase over 1980 CYP. Since the beginning of the CRS marketing program, total distribution of contraceptives--through both CRS and the Family Planning Maternal and Child Haelth (FP/MCH) Project--has been increasing. While the FP/MCH program remains the largest distributor,contribution of CRS Products is increasing, indicating that CRS is creating new product acceptors. CRS market share in 1982 was 43% for condoms and 16% for oral contraceptives (OCs). CRS markets 5 products which are subsidized in order to be affordable to consumers as well as attractive to sellers. The initial products launched in June 1978 were Gulaf standard dose OCs and Dhaal lubricated colored condoms. A less expensive lubricates, plain Suki-Dhaal condom was introduced in June 1980 in an attempt to reach poorer rural populations, but rural distribution costs are excessive and Suki

  3. Physicochemical characterization of surfactant incorporating vesicles that incorporate colloidal magnetite.

    PubMed

    de Melo Barbosa, Raquel; Luna Finkler, Christine L; Bentley, Maria Vitória L B; Santana, Maria Helena A

    2013-03-01

    Drug administration through the transdermal route has optimized for the comfort of patients and easy application. However, the main limitation of transdermal drug delivery is the impermeability of the human skin. Recent advances on improvement of drug transport through the skin include elastic liposomes as a penetration enhancer. Entrapment of ferrofluids in the core of liposomes produces magnetoliposomes, which can be driven by a high-gradient magnetic field. The association of both strategies could enhance the penetration of elastic liposomes. This work relies on the preparation and characterization of elastic-magnetic liposomes designed to permeate through the skin. The incorporation of colloidal magnetite and the elastic component, octaethylene glycol laurate (PEG-8-L), in the structure of liposomes were evaluated. The capability of the elastic magnetoliposomes for permeation through nanopores of two stacked polycarbonate membranes was compared to conventional and elastic liposomes. Magnetite incorporation was dependent on vesicle diameter and size distribution as well as PEG-8-L incorporation into liposomes, demonstrating the capability of the fluid bilayer to accommodate the surfactant without disruption. On the contrary, PEG-8-L incorporation into magnetoliposomes promoted a decrease of average diameter and a lower PEG-8-L incorporation percentage as a result of reduction on the fluidity of the bilayer imparted by iron incorporation into the lipid structure. Elastic liposomes demonstrated an enhancement of the deformation capability, as compared with conventional liposomes. Conventional and elastic magnetoliposomes presented a reduced capability for deformation and permeation. PMID:23363304

  4. Host thin films incorporating nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qureshi, Uzma

    The focus of this research project was the investigation of the functional properties of thin films that incorporate a secondary nanoparticulate phase. In particular to assess if the secondary nanoparticulate material enhanced a functional property of the coating on glass. In order to achieve this, new thin film deposition methods were developed, namely use of nanopowder precursors, an aerosol assisted transport technique and an aerosol into atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition system. Aerosol assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) was used to deposit 8 series of thin films on glass. Five different nanoparticles silver, gold, ceria, tungsten oxide and zinc oxide were tested and shown to successfully deposit thin films incorporating nanoparticles within a host matrix. Silver nanoparticles were synthesised and doped within a titania film by AACVD. This improved solar control properties. A unique aerosol assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) into atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (APCVD) system was used to deposit films of Au nanoparticles and thin films of gold nanoparticles incorporated within a host titania matrix. Incorporation of high refractive index contrast metal oxide particles within a host film altered the film colour. The key goal was to test the potential of nanopowder forms and transfer the suspended nanopowder via an aerosol to a substrate in order to deposit a thin film. Discrete tungsten oxide nanoparticles or ceria nanoparticles within a titanium dioxide thin film enhanced the self-cleaning and photo-induced super-hydrophilicity. The nanopowder precursor study was extended by deposition of zinc oxide thin films incorporating Au nanoparticles and also ZnO films deposited from a ZnO nanopowder precursor. Incorporation of Au nanoparticles within a VO: host matrix improved the thermochromic response, optical and colour properties. Composite VC/TiC and Au nanoparticle/V02/Ti02 thin films displayed three useful

  5. Selenium incorporation using recombinant techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Walden, Helen

    2010-04-01

    An overview of techniques for recombinant incorporation of selenium and subsequent purification and crystallization of the resulting labelled protein. Using selenomethionine to phase macromolecular structures is common practice in structure determination, along with the use of selenocysteine. Selenium is consequently the most commonly used heavy atom for MAD. In addition to the well established recombinant techniques for the incorporation of selenium in prokaryal expression systems, there have been recent advances in selenium labelling in eukaryal expression, which will be discussed. Tips and things to consider for the purification and crystallization of seleno-labelled proteins are also included.

  6. Incorporating Argumentation through Forensic Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Lindsay B.; Maeng, Jennifer L.; Smetana, Lara K.

    2014-01-01

    This article outlines how to incorporate argumentation into a forensic science unit using a mock trial. Practical details of the mock trial include: (1) a method of scaffolding students' development of their argument for the trial, (2) a clearly outlined set of expectations for students during the planning and implementation of the mock…

  7. Uranium incorporation into amorphous silica.

    PubMed

    Massey, Michael S; Lezama-Pacheco, Juan S; Nelson, Joey M; Fendorf, Scott; Maher, Kate

    2014-01-01

    High concentrations of uranium are commonly observed in naturally occurring amorphous silica (including opal) deposits, suggesting that incorporation of U into amorphous silica may represent a natural attenuation mechanism and promising strategy for U remediation. However, the stability of uranium in opaline silicates, determined in part by the binding mechanism for U, is an important factor in its long-term fate. U may bind directly to the opaline silicate matrix, or to materials such as iron (hydr)oxides that are subsequently occluded within the opal. Here, we examine the coordination environment of U within opaline silica to elucidate incorporation mechanisms. Precipitates (with and without ferrihydrite inclusions) were synthesized from U-bearing sodium metasilicate solutions, buffered at pH ∼ 5.6. Natural and synthetic solids were analyzed with X-ray absorption spectroscopy and a suite of other techniques. In synthetic amorphous silica, U was coordinated by silicate in a double corner-sharing coordination geometry (Si at ∼ 3.8-3.9 Å) and a small amount of uranyl and silicate in a bidentate, mononuclear (edge-sharing) coordination (Si at ∼ 3.1-3.2 Å, U at ∼ 3.8-3.9 Å). In iron-bearing synthetic solids, U was adsorbed to iron (hydr)oxide, but the coordination environment also contained silicate in both edge-sharing and corner-sharing coordination. Uranium local coordination in synthetic solids is similar to that of natural U-bearing opals that retain U for millions of years. The stability and extent of U incorporation into opaline and amorphous silica represents a long-term repository for U that may provide an alternative strategy for remediation of U contamination. PMID:24984107

  8. Incorporating Spirituality in Primary Care.

    PubMed

    Isaac, Kathleen S; Hay, Jennifer L; Lubetkin, Erica I

    2016-06-01

    Addressing cultural competency in health care involves recognizing the diverse characteristics of the patient population and understanding how they impact patient care. Spirituality is an aspect of cultural identity that has become increasingly recognized for its potential to impact health behaviors and healthcare decision-making. We consider the complex relationship between spirituality and health, exploring the role of spirituality in primary care, and consider the inclusion of spirituality in existing models of health promotion. We discuss the feasibility of incorporating spirituality into clinical practice, offering suggestions for physicians. PMID:26832335

  9. Incorporation of additives into polymers

    DOEpatents

    McCleskey, T. Mark; Yates, Matthew Z.

    2003-07-29

    There has been invented a method for incorporating additives into polymers comprising: (a) forming an aqueous or alcohol-based colloidal system of the polymer; (b) emulsifying the colloidal system with a compressed fluid; and (c) contacting the colloidal polymer with the additive in the presence of the compressed fluid. The colloidal polymer can be contacted with the additive by having the additive in the compressed fluid used for emulsification or by adding the additive to the colloidal system before or after emulsification with the compressed fluid. The invention process can be carried out either as a batch process or as a continuous on-line process.

  10. Numeral Incorporation in Japanese Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ktejik, Mish

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the morphological process of numeral incorporation in Japanese Sign Language. Numeral incorporation is defined and the available research on numeral incorporation in signed language is discussed. The numeral signs in Japanese Sign Language are then introduced and followed by an explanation of the numeral morphemes which are…

  11. 49 CFR 572.190 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Register approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.190 Section 572.190... Dummy, Small Adult Female § 572.190 Incorporated materials. (a) The following materials are...

  12. 49 CFR 572.30 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.30 Section 572.30....30 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that... Federal Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference. For materials subject to...

  13. 49 CFR 587.5 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 587.5 Section 587.5... Barrier § 587.5 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that are not set forth in full are hereby incorporated in this part by reference. These materials...

  14. 49 CFR 572.30 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.30 Section 572.30....30 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that... Federal Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference. For materials subject to...

  15. 49 CFR 572.30 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.30 Section 572.30....30 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that... Federal Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference. For materials subject to...

  16. 49 CFR 572.190 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Register approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.190 Section 572.190... Test Dummy, Small Adult Female § 572.190 Incorporated materials. (a) The following materials are...

  17. 49 CFR 587.5 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 587.5 Section 587.5... Barrier § 587.5 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that are not set forth in full are hereby incorporated in this part by reference. These materials...

  18. 49 CFR 587.5 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 587.5 Section 587.5... Barrier § 587.5 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that are not set forth in full are hereby incorporated in this part by reference. These materials...

  19. 49 CFR 587.5 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 587.5 Section 587.5... Barrier § 587.5 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that are not set forth in full are hereby incorporated in this part by reference. These materials...

  20. 49 CFR 572.190 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Register approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.190 Section 572.190... Dummy, Small Adult Female § 572.190 Incorporated materials. (a) The following materials are...

  1. 49 CFR 572.190 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Register approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.190 Section 572.190... Dummy, Small Adult Female § 572.190 Incorporated materials. (a) The following materials are...

  2. 49 CFR 572.30 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.30 Section 572.30....30 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that... Federal Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference. For materials subject to...

  3. 49 CFR 572.190 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Register approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.190 Section 572.190... Test Dummy, Small Adult Female § 572.190 Incorporated materials. (a) The following materials are...

  4. 49 CFR 572.30 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.30 Section 572.30....30 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that... Federal Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference. For materials subject to...

  5. 49 CFR 587.5 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 587.5 Section 587.5... Barrier § 587.5 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings and specifications referred to in this regulation that are not set forth in full are hereby incorporated in this part by reference. These materials...

  6. Face Recognition Incorporating Ancillary Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Sang-Ki; Toh, Kar-Ann; Lee, Sangyoun

    2007-12-01

    Due to vast variations of extrinsic and intrinsic imaging conditions, face recognition remained to be a challenging computer vision problem even today. This is particularly true when the passive imaging approach is considered for robust applications. To advance existing recognition systems for face, numerous techniques and methods have been proposed to overcome the almost inevitable performance degradation due to external factors such as pose, expression, occlusion, and illumination. In particular, the recent part-based method has provided noticeable room for verification performance improvement based on the localized features which have good tolerance to variation of external conditions. The part-based method, however, does not really stretch the performance without incorporation of global information from the holistic method. In view of the need to fuse the local information and the global information in an adaptive manner for reliable recognition, in this paper we investigate whether such external factors can be explicitly estimated and be used to boost the verification performance during fusion of the holistic and part-based methods. Our empirical evaluations show noticeable performance improvement adopting the proposed method.

  7. In vitro incorporation of LNA nucleotides.

    PubMed

    Veedu, Rakesh N; Vester, Birte; Wengel, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    An LNA modified nucleoside triphosphate 1 was synthesized in order to investigate its potential to act as substrate for DNA strand synthesis by polymerases. Primer extension assays for the incorporation experiments revealed that Phusion High Fidelity DNA polymerase is an efficient enzyme for incorporation of the LNA nucleotide and for extending strand to full length. It was also observed that pfu DNA polymerase could incorporate the LNA nucleotide but it failed to extend the strand to a full length product. PMID:18058567

  8. Constraints on Noun Incorporation in Korean.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khym, Hangyoo

    1997-01-01

    A study of the noun incorporation phenomenon in Korean suggests that noun incorporation occurs at D-structure and obeys the Head Movement Constraint syntactically, and the Theme-Only Constraint semantically. First, the structure of "sunrise"-type words is identified, showing that before derivation through nominalization of the affix "-i,"…

  9. 10 CFR 218.31 - Incorporated procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Incorporated procedures. 218.31 Section 218.31 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL STANDBY MANDATORY INTERNATIONAL OIL ALLOCATION Procedures § 218.31 Incorporated procedures. The following subparts of part 205 of this chapter are, as appropriate, hereby made applicable...

  10. 49 CFR 572.180 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51....187; (x) Drawing No. 175-6000, Pelvis Assembly, incorporated by reference in §§ 572.181 and...

  11. 49 CFR 572.180 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51....187; (x) Drawing No. 175-6000, Pelvis Assembly, incorporated by reference in §§ 572.181 and...

  12. 49 CFR 572.180 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51....187; (x) Drawing No. 175-6000, Pelvis Assembly, incorporated by reference in §§ 572.181 and...

  13. Incorporating Sociology into Community Service Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hochschild, Thomas R., Jr.; Farley, Matthew; Chee, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    Sociologists and instructors who teach about community service share an affinity for understanding and addressing social problems. While many studies have demonstrated the benefits of incorporating community service into sociology courses, we examine the benefits of incorporating sociological content into community service classes. The authors…

  14. 49 CFR 572.40 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.40 Section 572.40... Percentile Male § 572.40 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings, specifications, manual, and computer... by reference. These materials are thereby made part of this regulation. The Director of the...

  15. 49 CFR 572.40 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.40 Section 572.40... Percentile Male § 572.40 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings, specifications, manual, and computer... by reference. These materials are thereby made part of this regulation. The Director of the...

  16. 49 CFR 572.40 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.40 Section 572.40... Percentile Male § 572.40 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings, specifications, manual, and computer... by reference. These materials are thereby made part of this regulation. The Director of the...

  17. 49 CFR 572.40 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.40 Section 572.40... Percentile Male § 572.40 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings, specifications, manual, and computer... by reference. These materials are thereby made part of this regulation. The Director of the...

  18. 49 CFR 572.40 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.40 Section 572.40... Percentile Male § 572.40 Incorporated materials. (a) The drawings, specifications, manual, and computer... by reference. These materials are thereby made part of this regulation. The Director of the...

  19. Incorporating Spatial Ability Instruction in Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sundberg, Sue E.; Goodman, Terry A.

    2005-01-01

    This article provides a picture of the learning environment that is created for the preservice mathematics teacher and how development of spatial abilities can be incorporated into courses for these students. (Contains 3 figures.)

  20. 49 CFR 572.80 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be obtained from Rowley-Scher... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.80 Section 572.80... Incorporated materials. The drawings and specifications referred to in § 572.81(a) that are not set forth...

  1. 49 CFR 572.80 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be obtained from Rowley-Scher... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.80 Section 572.80... Incorporated materials. The drawings and specifications referred to in § 572.81(a) that are not set forth...

  2. 49 CFR 572.80 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be obtained from Rowley-Scher... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.80 Section 572.80... Incorporated materials. The drawings and specifications referred to in § 572.81(a) that are not set forth...

  3. 49 CFR 572.80 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be obtained from Rowley-Scher... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.80 Section 572.80... Incorporated materials. The drawings and specifications referred to in § 572.81(a) that are not set forth...

  4. 49 CFR 572.80 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be obtained from Rowley-Scher... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporated materials. 572.80 Section 572.80... Incorporated materials. The drawings and specifications referred to in § 572.81(a) that are not set forth...

  5. Herbicidal effects of soil-incorporated wheat.

    PubMed

    Mathiassen, Solvejg K; Kudsk, Per; Mogensen, Betty B

    2006-02-22

    The hydroxamic acid 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA) and the benzoxazolinones benzoxazolin-2-one (BOA) and 6-methoxybenzoxazolin-2-one (MBOA) have been identified as important allelochemicals in wheat. This study examines the possibility of exploiting the allelopathic properties of wheat as a weed control strategy by cultivating wheat as a precrop and incorporating plant residues into the soil before the next crop is sown. Different wheat varieties were cultivated in field plots during two seasons in both conventional and organic farming systems. Plants were sampled at various growth stages, and their contents of DIMBOA, MBOA, and BOA were determined by chemical analyses. The wheat samples were incorporated into soil, and the effect on germination and growth of 12 different weed species was examined in pot experiments under controlled conditions. In some cases significant effects were obtained, but the results were inconsistent and the effects were not correlated to the content of DIMBOA, MBOA, and BOA in the incorporated wheat plants. ED50 doses of the pure compounds were estimated in dose-response experiments in Petri dishes, and these turned out to be much higher than the predicted maximum concentrations of DIMBOA, MBOA, and BOA in the soil water following incorporation. The study shows that a prerequisite for exploiting the incorporation of wheat residues as a weed control strategy is the development of wheat varieties with an increased content of allelochemicals.

  6. Therapy for incorporated radionuclides: scope and need

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, V.H.

    1981-03-01

    In the United States the recent termination of funding for research on therapy for incorporated radionuclides has virtually halted progress on improved or new agents and procedures for removing radioactivity from the body. Research was eliminated, but is still needed on new removal agents, improved delivery system, in vitro test systems, and the toxicology of treatments. For many radionuclides, no adequate therapy exists. The relationship between radionuclide removal and reduction in cancer risk is still unanswered. Without proper research support, needed improvements in the treatment for incorporated radionuclides in the US are uncertain.

  7. 48 CFR 52.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incorporated by reference to the maximum practical extent, rather than being incorporated in full text, even if... provide the full text of any provision or clause incorporated by reference. (c) Agency approved provisions... subpart 52.3 to be incorporated by reference, need not be incorporated in full text, provided...

  8. 48 CFR 52.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... incorporated by reference to the maximum practical extent, rather than being incorporated in full text, even if... provide the full text of any provision or clause incorporated by reference. (c) Agency approved provisions... subpart 52.3 to be incorporated by reference, need not be incorporated in full text, provided...

  9. Semiconducting compounds and devices incorporating same

    SciTech Connect

    Marks, Tobin J; Facchetti, Antonio; Boudreault, Pierre-Luc; Miyauchi, Hiroyuki

    2014-06-17

    Disclosed are molecular and polymeric compounds having desirable properties as semiconducting materials. Such compounds can exhibit desirable electronic properties and possess processing advantages including solution-processability and/or good stability. Organic transistor and photovoltaic devices incorporating the present compounds as the active layer exhibit good device performance.

  10. Incorporating the Aesthetic Dimension into Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, R. Scott; Wolfe, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on a case study that was undertaken to discover not only the belief and intent behind the everyday opportunities that four exemplary teachers offered their high performing students but what activities they incorporated into their everyday lessons in an attempt to make sense of how aesthetic experiences may enhance learning. The…

  11. Incorporating PACER into an Inclusive Basketball Unit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervantes, Carlos M.; Cohen, Rona; Hersman, Bethany L.; Barrett, Tim

    2007-01-01

    Cooperative learning is an instructional method designed to teach students to work together in small, structured, heterogeneous teams to achieve a common goal. The Performer and Coach Earn Rewards (PACER) system is a new way to incorporate cooperative learning in the gymnasium. It consists of six components that help teachers to introduce new…

  12. Incorporating Feminism into Rehabilitation Counselor Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeon, Mookyong

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The author describes how rehabilitation counselor educators can incorporate the feminist perspective in teaching rehabilitation counselors-in-training by exploring history, core values, and training methods of feminism. Method: Based on a literature review, the author compares philosophy and concepts of rehabilitation counseling and…

  13. 49 CFR 572.180 - Incorporated materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department of Transportation, Docket.... 175-6000 Pelvis Assembly; (xi) Drawing No. 175-7000-1, Leg Assembly—left; (xii) Drawing No. 175-7000-2...; (x) Drawing No. 175-6000, Pelvis Assembly, incorporated by reference in §§ 572.181 and 572.188;...

  14. Experience with an ICD incorporating biventricular pacing.

    PubMed

    Kühlkamp, V; Dörnberger, V; Rüb, N; Eigenberger, B; Kettering, K; Bosch, R; Mewis, C

    2003-04-01

    Biventricular pacing for cardiac resynchronization is a promising therapy for symptomatic improvement in selected patients with underlying severe congestive heart failure. ICD treatment has been shown to prolong life in patients with life threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias, but it does not improve quality of life. This review discusses current experience with ICD's incorporating biventricular pacing.

  15. Incorporating Engineering Design Challenges into STEM Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Householder, Daniel L., Ed.; Hailey, Christine E., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Successful strategies for incorporating engineering design challenges into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses in American high schools are presented in this paper. The developers have taken the position that engineering design experiences should be an important component of the high school education of all American…

  16. Incorporating Mobile Learning into Athletic Training Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davie, Emily

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To introduce and present techniques for incorporating mobile learning into athletic training education. Background: The matriculation of digital natives into college has stimulated the identification and development of new teaching and learning strategies. Electronic learning (e-learning), including the use of learning management…

  17. Incorporating the Internet into Traditional Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fonseca, Tony; King, Monica

    2000-01-01

    Presents a template for teaching traditional library research and one for incorporating the Web. Highlights include the differences between directories and search engines; devising search strategies; creating search terms; how to choose search engines; evaluating online resources; helpful Web sites; and how to read URLs to evaluate a Web site's…

  18. Incorporating Social Media in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMeans, April

    2015-01-01

    Incorporating social media into the classroom will provide a positive, upbeat learning environment that students are engaged in on a regular basis. In doing this, educators will be ensuring discussion, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity amongst their students. Social media is a knowledgeable topic for our students, and it is an…

  19. Semiconducting compounds and devices incorporating same

    DOEpatents

    Marks, Tobin J.; Facchetti, Antonio; Boudreault, Pierre-Luc; Miyauchi, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-19

    Disclosed are molecular and polymeric compounds having desirable properties as semiconducting materials. Such compounds can exhibit desirable electronic properties and possess processing advantages including solution-processability and/or good stability. Organic transistor and photovoltaic devices incorporating the present compounds as the active layer exhibit good device performance.

  20. Design of Schools to Incorporate Fallout Protection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folley, Milo D.

    Means are suggested by which a school district may incorporate low-cost fallout protection in a school construction program, through construction of an underground shelter beneath the concrete slab foundation. Ways of controlling distribution and filtering air are discussed. The author also suggests consideration of a completely underground…

  1. Combined cycle power plant incorporating coal gasification

    DOEpatents

    Liljedahl, Gregory N.; Moffat, Bruce K.

    1981-01-01

    A combined cycle power plant incorporating a coal gasifier as the energy source. The gases leaving the coal gasifier pass through a liquid couplant heat exchanger before being used to drive a gas turbine. The exhaust gases of the gas turbine are used to generate both high pressure and low pressure steam for driving a steam turbine, before being exhausted to the atmosphere.

  2. The Incorporation and Abjection of Official Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearl, Benjamin Kelsey

    2012-01-01

    In this essay, the author analyzes two theoretical perspectives--incorporation and abjection--that inform official knowledge generally and high school American history textbooks specifically. While contemporary textbooks increasingly depict the experiences of historically marginalized groups such as women, African Americans, Latinos, American…

  3. 14 CFR 253.5 - Notice of incorporated terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... contract, passengers may inspect the full text of each term incorporated by reference at the carrier's... service the full text of each such incorporated term; (b) The incorporated terms may include...

  4. 14 CFR 253.5 - Notice of incorporated terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... contract, passengers may inspect the full text of each term incorporated by reference at the carrier's... service the full text of each such incorporated term; (b) The incorporated terms may include...

  5. 14 CFR 253.5 - Notice of incorporated terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... contract, passengers may inspect the full text of each term incorporated by reference at the carrier's... service the full text of each such incorporated term; (b) The incorporated terms may include...

  6. Toxicity of sediment-incorporated drilling fluids

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, J.R.; Patrick, J.M.

    1987-01-01

    The 24, 96, or 168-h LC50s of four used drilling fluids or barite incorporated into sediment were determined in toxicity tests with lancelets (Branchiostoma caribaeum), a benthic chordate. The number of lancelets that did not burrow into contaminated sediments was used to calculate EC50s at the same times that LC50s were determined. Observations of the burrowing behavior allowed quantitation of effects after 24-h exposures to each of the drilling fluids whereas lancelet mortality was sufficient to calculate 24-h LC50s for only one drilling fluid. Drilling fluids were less toxic to lancelets when incorporated into sediments than to mysids (Mysidopsis bahia) or benthic invertebrate communities in water-column exposures.

  7. Incorporating Nonchemical Stressors Into Cumulative Risk Assessments

    PubMed Central

    Rider, Cynthia V.; Dourson, Michael L.; Hertzberg, Richard C.; Mumtaz, Moiz M.; Price, Paul S.; Simmons, Jane Ellen

    2012-01-01

    The role of nonchemical stressors in modulating the human health risk associated with chemical exposures is an area of increasing attention. On 9 March 2011, a workshop titled “Approaches for Incorporating Nonchemical Stressors into Cumulative Risk Assessment” took place during the 50th Anniversary Annual Society of Toxicology Meeting in Washington D.C. Objectives of the workshop included describing the current state of the science from various perspectives (i.e., regulatory, exposure, modeling, and risk assessment) and presenting expert opinions on currently available methods for incorporating nonchemical stressors into cumulative risk assessments. Herein, distinct frameworks for characterizing exposure to, joint effects of, and risk associated with chemical and nonchemical stressors are discussed. PMID:22345310

  8. Comparative Incorporation of PNA into DNA Nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Pedersen, Ronnie O; Kong, Jing; Achim, Catalina; LaBean, Thomas H

    2015-09-23

    DNA has shown great promise as a building material for self-assembling nanoscale structures. To further develop the potential of this technology, more methods are needed for functionalizing DNA-based nanostructures to increase their chemical diversity. Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) holds great promise for realizing this goal, as it conveniently allows for inclusion of both amino acids and peptides in nucleic acid-based structures. In this work, we explored incorporation of a positively charged PNA within DNA nanostructures. We investigated the efficiency of annealing a lysine-containing PNA probe with complementary, single-stranded DNA sequences within nanostructures, as well as the efficiency of duplex invasion and its dependence on salt concentration. Our results show that PNA allows for toehold-free strand displacement and that incorporation yield depends critically on binding site geometry. These results provide guidance for the design of PNA binding sites on nucleic acid nanostructures with an eye towards optimizing fabrication yield.

  9. Emissive sensors and devices incorporating these sensors

    DOEpatents

    Swager, Timothy M; Zhang, Shi-Wei

    2013-02-05

    The present invention generally relates to luminescent and/or optically absorbing compositions and/or precursors to those compositions, including solid films incorporating these compositions/precursors, exhibiting increased luminescent lifetimes, quantum yields, enhanced stabilities and/or amplified emissions. The present invention also relates to sensors and methods for sensing analytes through luminescent and/or optically absorbing properties of these compositions and/or precursors. Examples of analytes detectable by the invention include electrophiles, alkylating agents, thionyl halides, and phosphate ester groups including phosphoryl halides, cyanides and thioates such as those found in certain chemical warfare agents. The present invention additionally relates to devices and methods for amplifying emissions, such as those produced using the above-described compositions and/or precursors, by incorporating the composition and/or precursor within a polymer having an energy migration pathway. In some cases, the compositions and/or precursors thereof include a compound capable of undergoing a cyclization reaction.

  10. Incorporation of copper into lysyl oxidase.

    PubMed

    Kosonen, T; Uriu-Hare, J Y; Clegg, M S; Keen, C L; Rucker, R B

    1997-10-01

    Lysyl oxidase is a copper-dependent enzyme involved in extracellular processing of collagens and elastin. Although it is known that copper is essential for the functional activity of the enzyme, there is little information on the incorporation of copper. In the present study we examined the insertion of copper into lysyl oxidase using 67Cu in cell-free transcription/translation assays and in normal skin fibroblast culture systems. When a full-length lysyl oxidase cDNA was used as a template for transcription/translation reactions in vitro, unprocessed prolysyl oxidase appeared to bind copper. To examine further the post-translational incorporation of copper into lysyl oxidase, confluent skin fibroblasts were incubated with inhibitors of protein synthesis (cycloheximide, 10 microg/ml), glycosylation (tunicamycin, 10 microg/ml), protein secretion (brefeldin A, 10 microg/ml) and prolysyl oxidase processing (procollagen C-peptidase inhibitor, 2.5 microg/ml) together with 300 microCi of carrier-free 67Cu. It was observed that protein synthesis was a prerequisite for copper incorporation, but inhibition of glycosylation by tunicamycin did not affect the secretion of 67Cu as lysyl oxidase. Brefeldin A inhibited the secretion of 67Ci-labelled lysyl oxidase by 46%, but the intracellular incorporation of copper into lysyl oxidase was not affected. In addition, the inhibition of the extracellular proteolytic processing of prolysyl oxidase to lysyl oxidase had minimal effects on the secretion of protein-bound 67Cu. Our results indicate that, similar to caeruloplasmin processing [Sato and Gitlin (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 5128-5134], copper is inserted into prolysyl oxidase independently of glycosylation. PMID:9355764

  11. Benefits of oxygen incorporation in atomic laminates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dahlqvist, Martin

    2016-04-01

    Atomic laminates such as MAX phases benefit from the addition of oxygen in many ways, from the formation of a protective oxide surface layer with self-healing capabilities when cracks form to the tuning of anisotropic conductivity. In this paper oxygen incorporation and vacancy formation in M 2AlC (M  =  Ti, V, Cr) MAX phases have been studied using first-principles calculations where the focus is on phase stability and electronic structure for different oxygen and/or vacancy configurations. Oxygen prefers different lattice sites depending on M-element and this can be correlated to the number of available non-bonding M d-electrons. In Ti2AlC, oxygen substitutes carbon while in Cr2AlC it is located interstitially within the Al-layer. I predict that oxygen incorporation in Ti2AlC stabilizes the material, which explains the experimentally observed 12.5 at% oxygen (x  =  0.5) in Ti2Al(C1‑x O x ). In addition, it is also possible to use oxygen to stabilize the hypothetical Zr2AlC and Hf2AlC. Hence, oxygen incorporation may be beneficial in many ways. Not only can it make a material more stable, but it also can act as a reservoir for internal self-healing with shorter diffusion paths.

  12. Incorporation of squalene into rod outer segments

    SciTech Connect

    Keller, R.K.; Fliesler, S.J. )

    1990-08-15

    We have reported previously that squalene is the major radiolabeled nonsaponifiable lipid product derived from ({sup 3}H)acetate in short term incubations of frog retinas. In the present study, we demonstrate that newly synthesized squalene is incorporated into rod outer segments under similar in vitro conditions. We show further that squalene is an endogenous constituent of frog rod outer segment membranes; its concentration is approximately 9.5 nmol/mumol of phospholipid or about 9% of the level of cholesterol. Pulse-chase experiments with radiolabeled precursors revealed no metabolism of outer segment squalene to sterols in up to 20 h of chase. Taken together with our previous absolute rate studies, these results suggest that most, if not all, of the squalene synthesized by the frog retina is transported to rod outer segments. Synthesis of protein is not required for squalene transport since puromycin had no effect on squalene incorporation into outer segments. Conversely, inhibition of isoprenoid synthesis with mevinolin had no effect on the incorporation of opsin into the outer segment. These latter results support the conclusion that the de novo synthesis and subsequent intracellular trafficking of opsin and isoprenoid lipids destined for the outer segment occur via independent mechanisms.

  13. Incorporating OASIS into the Visiting Nurses Association.

    PubMed

    Clark, L L

    1998-01-01

    Beginning in 1994, the Visiting Nurses Association, Western Pennsylvania, began to investigate incorporating an outcome measurement system within its organization for the purposes of marketing quality results, benchmarking achievements, and defining quality of care for both internal and external review groups. In the fall of 1995, this agency was accepted into the Outcome Based Quality Improvement (OBQI) Demonstration Project, also known as the Medicare Quality Assurance Project, which the Health Care Financing Administration has funded for the purpose of measuring clinical and utilization outcomes in the home care arena. This article reviews the processes the agency used to develop and incorporate the entire OBQI process into its systems, including the incorporation of the Outcome Assessment Information Set (OASIS). The OASIS is a set of outcome measurement questions developed by Dr. Peter Shaughnessy at the Center for Health Policy Research in Denver. The process also includes training of staff and development of forms, point-of-care software with a vendor, and plans of action for improving outcomes that have been quantified through OBQI efforts.

  14. 46 CFR 61.03-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 61.03-1 Section 61.03-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING PERIODIC TESTS AND INSPECTIONS Incorporation of Standards § 61.03-1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with...

  15. Incorporating social concerns in environmental impact assessments

    SciTech Connect

    Wolfe, A.K.

    1990-03-01

    Social impact assessments most often focus on the population-driven impacts of projects. Such impacts may be insignificant when compared with social structural impacts of complex, controversial projects. This set of impacts includes social disruption, social group formation, and stigma effects. The National Environmental Policy Act does not explicitly call for assessment of, and assessors often are reluctant to address, these complex issues. This paper discusses why such impacts are critical to assess and gives examples of how they have been incorporated into environmental assessment documents. 6 refs.

  16. Valve system incorporating single failure protection logic

    DOEpatents

    Ryan, Rodger; Timmerman, Walter J. H.

    1980-01-01

    A valve system incorporating single failure protective logic. The system consists of a valve combination or composite valve which allows actuation or de-actuation of a device such as a hydraulic cylinder or other mechanism, integral with or separate from the valve assembly, by means of three independent input signals combined in a function commonly known as two-out-of-three logic. Using the input signals as independent and redundant actuation/de-actuation signals, a single signal failure, or failure of the corresponding valve or valve set, will neither prevent the desired action, nor cause the undesired action of the mechanism.

  17. Radiation collimator and systems incorporating same

    DOEpatents

    Norman, Daren R.; Yoon, Woo Y.; Jones, James L.; Haskell, Kevin J.; Bennett, Brion D.; Tschaggeny, Charles W.; Jones, Warren F.

    2011-09-13

    A collimator including a housing having disposed therein a shield element surrounding a converter core in which a photon beam is generated from electrons emanating from a linear accelerator. A beam channeler longitudinally adjacent the shield element has a beam aperture therethrough coaxially aligned with, and of the same diameter as, an exit bore of the converter core. A larger entry bore in the converter core is coaxial with, and longitudinally separated from, the exit bore thereof. Systems incorporating the collimator are also disclosed.

  18. Carbazole incorporated ratiometric chemosensor for Zn2+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helal, Aasif; Kim, Hong-Seok

    2013-03-01

    An electron donating carbazole incorporated thiazole (3) based Zn2+ selective intrinsic chemosensor has been synthesized and investigated. It was found that electron donating substituents such as methyl and carbazole on chemosensor (1) produce remarkable red shift in emission upon complexation with Zn2+. The sensor shows a selective fluorescence response with Zn2+ over biologically relevant cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, and K+) and biologically non-relevant cations (Cd2+, In3+ and Ga3+) in an aqueous ethanol system. It also produce an enhancement in the quantum yield and a longer emission wavelength shift on Zn2+ binding with the potential of a ratiometric assay.

  19. Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels

    DOEpatents

    Hair, Lucy M.; Sanner, Robert D.; Coronado, Paul R.

    1998-01-01

    Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such environmental remediation. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P).sub.2, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

  20. Incorporating opponent models into adversary search

    SciTech Connect

    Carmel, D.; Markovitch, S.

    1996-12-31

    This work presents a generalized theoretical framework that allows incorporation of opponent models into adversary search. We present the M* algorithm, a generalization of minimax that uses an arbitrary opponent model to simulate the opponent`s search. The opponent model is a recursive structure consisting of the opponent`s evaluation function and its model of the player. We demonstrate experimentally the potential benefit of using an opponent model. Pruning in M* is impossible in the general case. We prove a sufficient condition for pruning and present the {alpha}{beta}* algorithm which returns the M* value of a tree while searching only necessary branches.

  1. Incorporation of radioactive wastes into styrenated polyester

    SciTech Connect

    Ikladious, N.E.; Ghattas, N.K.; Eskander, S.B.

    1986-01-01

    Styrenated polyester (poly(oxydiethylene maleate)) is examined as a medium for immobilization of simulated spent-ion exchange resin used at Inshas Reactor (Egypt). Compressive strength and hardness values illustrated the stability of the final products towards radiation. TG, DTG, and DTA diagrams showed the thermal instability of the final waste form at about 375/sup 0/C. Leaching experiment on incorporated blocks of active resin labelled with /sup 137/Cs, /sup 144/Ce, and /sup 106/Ru showed that the cumulative leaching rate for Ce is lower than those for Ru and Cs.

  2. Incorporation of Nanosensors into Aerospace Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Medelius, Pedro J.

    2007-01-01

    Traditional sensors are too big and heavy for installation in space vehicles, including the Space Shuttle Orbiter as well as future manned and unmanned vehicles currently in the early design phase. Advances in nanotechnology have led to the availability of smaller and more accurate sensors. Multiple and redundant nanosensors can be used to conduct more accurate and comprehensive measurements in a space vehicle. Early planning can lead to the relatively easy incorporation of miniature sensors sharing power and communication lines, thus reducing the requirement for large amount of electrical and/or optical cabling.

  3. Incorporation of noble metals into aerogels

    DOEpatents

    Hair, L.M.; Sanner, R.D.; Coronado, P.R.

    1998-12-22

    Aerogels or xerogels containing atomically dispersed noble metals for applications such as environmental remediation are disclosed. New noble metal precursors, such as Pt--Si or Pd(Si--P){sub 2}, have been created to bridge the incompatibility between noble metals and oxygen, followed by their incorporation into the aerogel or xerogel through sol-gel chemistry and processing. Applications include oxidation of hydrocarbons and reduction of nitrogen oxide species, complete oxidation of volatile organic carbon species, oxidative membranes for photocatalysis and partial oxidation for synthetic applications.

  4. Incorporation of aluminum nanopowder into NTO.

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, K. Y.; Kennedy, J. E.; Peterson, P. D.; Asay, B. W.

    2004-01-01

    Most insensitive high explosives have relatively low output and the user is forced to choose between enhancing operational safety and meeting ordnance performance requirements. The goals of this project are to investigate ways to incorporate Al nanopowder in NTO and to devise formulations that are insensitive and that exhibit high performance. In this paper, the novel method for the preparation of nanoNTO and its formulation with Al nanopowder will be presented, together with the characterization test results. Data from minisandwich velocity test on NTO and NTO/Al mix and the techniques used to verify the potential encapsulation of Al in NTO will also be presented.

  5. Staphylococcus aureus Sortase A-Mediated Incorporation of Peptides: Effect of Peptide Modification on Incorporation

    PubMed Central

    Hansenová Maňásková, Silvie; Nazmi, Kamran; van ‘t Hof, Wim; van Belkum, Alex; Martin, Nathaniel I.; Bikker, Floris J.; van Wamel, Willem J. B.; Veerman, Enno C. I.

    2016-01-01

    The endogenous Staphylococcus aureus sortase A (SrtA) transpeptidase covalently anchors cell wall-anchored (CWA) proteins equipped with a specific recognition motif (LPXTG) into the peptidoglycan layer of the staphylococcal cell wall. Previous in situ experiments have shown that SrtA is also able to incorporate exogenous, fluorescently labelled, synthetic substrates equipped with the LPXTG motif (K(FITC)LPETG-amide) into the bacterial cell wall, albeit at high concentrations of 500 μM to 1 mM. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of substrate modification on the incorporation efficiency. This revealed that (i) by elongation of LPETG-amide with a sequence of positively charged amino acids, derived from the C-terminal domain of physiological SrtA substrates, the incorporation efficiency was increased by 20-fold at 10 μM, 100 μM and 250 μM; (ii) Substituting aspartic acid (E) for methionine increased the incorporation of the resulting K(FITC)LPMTG-amide approximately three times at all concentrations tested; (iii) conjugation of the lipid II binding antibiotic vancomycin to K(FITC)LPMTG-amide resulted in the same incorporation levels as K(FITC)LPETG-amide, but much more efficient at an impressive 500-fold lower substrate concentration. These newly developed synthetic substrates can potentially find broad applications in for example the in situ imaging of bacteria; the incorporation of antibody recruiting moieties; the targeted delivery and covalent incorporation of antimicrobial compounds into the bacterial cell wall. PMID:26799839

  6. Self-Incorporation of Coenzymes by Ribozymes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Breaker, Ronald R.; Joyce, Gerald F.

    1995-01-01

    RNA molecules that are assembled from the four standard nucleotides contain a limited number of chemical functional groups, a characteristic that is generally thought to restrict the potential for catalysis by ribozymes. Although polypeptides carry a wider range of functional groups, many contemporary protein-based enzymes employ coenzymes to augment their capabilities. The coenzymes possess additional chemical moieties that can participate directly in catalysis and thereby enhance catalytic function. In this work, we demonstrate a mechanism by which ribozymes can supplement their limited repertoire of functional groups through RNAcatalyzed incorporation of various coenzymes and coenzyme analogues. The group I ribozyme of Tetrahymena thermophila normally mediates a phosphoester transfer reaction that results in the covalent attachment of guanosine to the ribozyme. Here, a shortened version of the ribozyme is shown to catalyze the self-incorporation of coenzymes and coenzyme analogues, such as NAD+ and dephosphorylated CoA-SH. Similar ribozyme activities may have played an important role in the "RNA world," when RNA enzymes are thought to have maintained a complex metabolism in the absence of proteins and would have benefited from the inclusion of additional functional groups.

  7. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2011-10-31

    The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

  8. Incorporation of Xenon in magmas at depth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leroy, C.; Sanloup, C.; Bureau, H.; Schmidt, B.; Konopkova, Z.; Raepsaet, C.

    2014-12-01

    Incorporation of volatile elements in magmas is enhanced at high pressure. The dissolved volatiles affect in turn the physical and chemical properties of silicate melts. Understanding volatiles incorporation in magmas and their effect on the melt's structure can be approached by in situ characterizations such as X-ray diffraction or Raman spectroscopy.Here, we focus on Xenon (Xe) in order to constrain its past and modern geochemical cycles. Indeed the 129I/129Xe extinct isotopic system is used to constrain planetary and atmosphere formation models. Moreover, some studies propose that Xe is currently recycled from the atmosphere to the mantle.To study the solubility of Xe in silicate melts, we have performed in situ X-ray diffraction experiments on the synchrotron beam line P02 in PetraIII (DESY, Hamburg). Experiments were carried out using resistive heating diamond-anvil cells up to 7 GPa and 1300°C. Two compositions have been studied: a hydrous haplogranite (HPG) reference and a hydrous HPG doped with Xe. This composition is a magma analogue that is extremely well documented by petrological studies. Xenon can be identified on the radial distribution functions obtained by processing the x-ray diffraction data. Solubility mechanisms of Xe in silicate melts at depth will be discussed.

  9. Incorporating Plant Hydraulics Into Phenological Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savoy, P.; Mackay, D. S.

    2014-12-01

    Vegetation phenology is well studied in systems where temperature is the primary driver of change, such as temperate and boreal ecosystems. In order to accurately model phenology in water-limited systems it is necessary to consider the role of water stress on mediating phenology. While it is possible to use proxies for water stress, such as vapor pressure deficit (VPD), it is preferable to have a more direct link to the effects of water stress on plant physiology. One possible approach is to incorporate the physiological responses of plants to water stress into phenological models. The goal of this study is to examine the use of plant hydraulics to help predict phenology instead of using only meteorological variables. We used an ecosystem process model that incorporates plant hydraulics, the Terrestrial Regional Ecosystem Exchange Simulator (TREES), in order to model plant phenology based on hydraulic stress. Phenology submodels implemented within TREES included both those driven purely from environmental variables as well those modulated by plant hydraulics. Results showed that the use of plant hydraulics to predict phenology, instead of using VPD as a proxy of plant water stress, performed favorably in comparison to models driven by meteorological variables alone. The need for better representation of moisture stress on phenology was particularly apparent in water-limited systems and the inclusion of plant hydraulics into phenology models improved the predictions in these systems.

  10. Optoelectronic devices incorporating fluoropolymer compositions for protection

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Xuming; Chum, Pak-Wing S.; Howard, Kevin E.; Lopez, Leonardo C.; Sumner, William C.; Wu, Shaofu

    2015-12-22

    The fluoropolymer compositions of the present invention generally incorporate ingredients comprising one or more fluoropolymers, an ultraviolet light protection component (hereinafter UV protection component), and optionally one or more additional ingredients if desired. The UV protection component includes a combination of at least one hindered tertiary amine (HTA) compound having a certain structure and a weight average molecular weight of at least 1000. This tertiary amine is used in combination with at least one organic, UV light absorbing compound (UVLA compound) having a weight average molecular weight greater than 500. When the HTA compound and the UVLA compound are selected according to principles of the present invention, the UV protection component provides fluoropolymer compositions with significantly improved weatherability characteristics for protecting underlying materials, features, structures, components, and/or the like. In particular, fluoropolymer compositions incorporating the UV protection component of the present invention have unexpectedly improved ability to resist blackening, coloration, or other de gradation that may be caused by UV exposure. As a consequence, devices protected by these compositions would be expected to have dramatically improved service life. The compositions have a wide range of uses but are particularly useful for forming protective layers in optoelectronic devices.

  11. Incorporating intelligence into structured radiology reports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kahn, Charles E.

    2014-03-01

    The new standard for radiology reporting templates being developed through the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) and DICOM organizations defines the storage and exchange of reporting templates as Hypertext Markup Language version 5 (HTML5) documents. The use of HTML5 enables the incorporation of "dynamic HTML," in which documents can be altered in response to their content. HTML5 documents can employ JavaScript, the HTML Document Object Model (DOM), and external web services to create intelligent reporting templates. Several reporting templates were created to demonstrate the use of scripts to perform in-template calculations and decision support. For example, a template for adrenal CT was created to compute contrast washout percentage from input values of precontrast, dynamic postcontrast, and delayed adrenal nodule attenuation values; the washout value can used to classify an adrenal nodule as a benign cortical adenoma. Dynamic templates were developed to compute volumes and apply diagnostic criteria, such as those for determination of internal carotid artery stenosis. Although reporting systems need not use a web browser to render the templates or their contents, the use of JavaScript creates innumerable opportunities to construct highly sophisticated HTML5 reporting templates. This report demonstrates the ability to incorporate dynamic content to enhance the use of radiology reporting templates.

  12. Incorporating Geospatial Technology into Teacher Professional Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sproles, E. A.; Songer, L.

    2009-12-01

    The need for students to think spatially and use geospatial technologies is becoming more critical as these tools and concepts are increasingly incorporated into a broad range of occupations and academic disciplines. Geospatial Teaching Across the Curriculum (Geo-STAC) is a collaborative program that provides high school teachers with mentored professional development workshops in geospatial thought and technology. The seminars, led by community college faculty, give high school teachers the ability to incorporate geospatial technology into coursework across the curriculum — in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) and non-STEM disciplines. Students participating in the hands-on lessons gain experience in web-based and desktop Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The goals of the workshop are for teachers to: (1) understand the importance of geospatial thinking; (2) learn how to employ geospatial thinking in each discipline; (3) learn about geospatial technologies; (4) develop a Web-based GIS lesson; and, (5) implement a Web-based GIS lesson. Additionally, Geo-STAC works with high school students so that they: (1) understand the importance of geospatial technologies and careers in future job markets; (2) learn how to use Web-based GIS to solve problems; and, (3) visit the community college GIS lab and experience using desktop GIS. Geo-STAC actively disseminates this collaborative model to colleges to community colleges and high schools across the country.

  13. Incorporated of tritiated water in fish

    SciTech Connect

    Sprous, D.G.; Fox, J.E.; Jackson, B.A.

    1989-01-01

    Tritiated water {sup 3}H{sub 2}O is routinely discharged into the environment near nuclear power plants and reactors. The radioactive water is rapidly equilibriated with cell water in the aquatic life forms. The purpose of this study was to determine the uptake of the radioactive hydrogen into the various lipid classes. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been discharging tritiated water into White Oak Lake. Blue gill and mosquito fish from White Oak Lake were analyzed. An experimental fish tank with water having a specific activity of 1.2 {times} 10{sup 6} dpm of {sup 3}H/mL was set up. Mosquito fish were exposed to this level of radioactivity for thirty days. After this time the fish were lypolyzed an the lipids were extracted. The phospholipid fraction incorporated the greatest percentage of the radioactivity. Significant incorporation of activity was also seen in the triglyceride and cholesterol fractions. Phospholipids and cholesterol are important structural components of the cell, insuring persistence of the radioactivity in the organism. The long term effects are not known.

  14. Flexible ultrasonic transducers incorporating piezoelectric fibres.

    PubMed

    Harvey, Gerald; Gachagan, Anthony; Mackersie, John W; McCunnie, Thomas; Banks, Robert

    2009-09-01

    It is possible to produce a high-performance, flexible 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric ceramic composite with conventional methods but the process is difficult and time-consuming. Extensive finite element modeling was used to design a piezocomposite structure which incorporated randomly positioned piezoceramic fibers in a polymer matrix. Simple manufacturing techniques were developed which resulted in the production of large numbers of fully populated fiber composites that offered performance comparable with a conventional 1-3 piezocomposite. A modified process facilitated the production of efficient fiber piezocomposite elements separated by polymer channels which conformed to a highly flexible (13 mm radius of curvature), 2-D matrix array configuration. This arrangement has been termed a Composite Element Composite Array Transducer, or CECAT. These devices were evaluated in terms of their impedance spectra, pulse-echo response, and surface displacement characteristics. The random piezoceramic fiber arrangements showed comparable sensitivity and bandwidth to periodic devices while minimizing the parasitic interpillar modes associated with periodic structures. Investigations have indicated that CECAT arrays constructed with 250 microm diameter fibers can be operated at frequencies of up to 3 MHz and transducers incorporating 10 microm diameter fibers can extend the frequency range above 6 MHz. Conversely, improved low-frequency devices can be produced with taller pillars than possible with conventional manufacturing techniques. PMID:19812003

  15. INCORPORATING DYNAMIC 3D SIMULATION INTO PRA

    SciTech Connect

    Steven R Prescott; Curtis Smith

    2011-07-01

    Through continued advancement in computational resources, development that was previously done by trial and error production is now performed through computer simulation. These virtual physical representations have the potential to provide accurate and valid modeling results and are being used in many different technical fields. Risk assessment now has the opportunity to use 3D simulation to improve analysis results and insights, especially for external event analysis. By using simulations, the modeler only has to determine the likelihood of an event without having to also predict the results of that event. The 3D simulation automatically determines not only the outcome of the event, but when those failures occur. How can we effectively incorporate 3D simulation into traditional PRA? Most PRA plant modeling is made up of components with different failure modes, probabilities, and rates. Typically, these components are grouped into various systems and then are modeled together (in different combinations) as a “system” with logic structures to form fault trees. Applicable fault trees are combined through scenarios, typically represented by event tree models. Though this method gives us failure results for a given model, it has limitations when it comes to time-based dependencies or dependencies that are coupled to physical processes which may themselves be space- or time-dependent. Since, failures from a 3D simulation are naturally time related, they should be used in that manner. In our simulation approach, traditional static models are converted into an equivalent state diagram representation with start states, probabilistic driven movements between states and terminal states. As the state model is run repeatedly, it converges to the same results as the PRA model in cases where time-related factors are not important. In cases where timing considerations are important (e.g., when events are dependent upon each other), then the simulation approach will typically

  16. Incorporating LCA tools in integrated simulation environments

    SciTech Connect

    Pal, Vineeta; Papamichael, Konstantinos; Bourassa, Norman; Loffeld, John J.

    2001-02-01

    In this paper we address the issue of building data schema evolution in integrated simulation environments, as seen from the perspective of incorporating LCA tools within these environments. First we describe the key features of an integrated simulation environment designed for expandability, focusing on (a) the mechanism for the expansion of the integrated environment, and (b) its overall system architecture that allows processes and data to be added to the system without modifications or restructuring of existing code. We then focus on how the data schema allows the inclusion and maintenance of specialized construction objects bearing LCA data. Finally, we discuss various integration issues that arise from modeling capabilities and idiosyncrasies of individual simulation and analysis tools.

  17. Incorporating Pharmacy Scholarship to Management Responsibilities.

    PubMed

    Hertig, John B; Weber, Robert J

    2015-09-01

    Practice advancement demands innovation. Amidst professional change, pharmacy leaders have the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues to develop transformational ideas, implement these solutions, and share those successes with professionals around the state, country, and world. Scholarship, defined as contributing to the literature through publications, presentations, and other writings, is an ideal way to advance innovation within the profession. It is critical for pharmacy leaders to build scholarship into their professional workflow. Ensuring that successful projects are published or presented may translate into shared best practices. Many pharmacy leaders may find it difficult to participate in scholarship activities because of their busy schedules. This column serves to outline recommendations on how to effectively incorporate writing for publications, making presentations, and other scholarly work into the role of pharmacy leaders and managers. To reduce the barriers to scholarship, pharmacy leaders role can apply project management principles to their work and identify projects that otherwise would not be published and support their development.

  18. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOEpatents

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Meyer, Gerald J.

    2002-01-01

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  19. Solar cells incorporating light harvesting arrays

    DOEpatents

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Meyer, Gerald J.

    2003-07-22

    A solar cell incorporates a light harvesting array that comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: ##EQU1## wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2 ; and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  20. Incorporating Pharmacy Scholarship to Management Responsibilities.

    PubMed

    Hertig, John B; Weber, Robert J

    2015-09-01

    Practice advancement demands innovation. Amidst professional change, pharmacy leaders have the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues to develop transformational ideas, implement these solutions, and share those successes with professionals around the state, country, and world. Scholarship, defined as contributing to the literature through publications, presentations, and other writings, is an ideal way to advance innovation within the profession. It is critical for pharmacy leaders to build scholarship into their professional workflow. Ensuring that successful projects are published or presented may translate into shared best practices. Many pharmacy leaders may find it difficult to participate in scholarship activities because of their busy schedules. This column serves to outline recommendations on how to effectively incorporate writing for publications, making presentations, and other scholarly work into the role of pharmacy leaders and managers. To reduce the barriers to scholarship, pharmacy leaders role can apply project management principles to their work and identify projects that otherwise would not be published and support their development. PMID:26823623

  1. Incorporating Pharmacy Scholarship to Management Responsibilities

    PubMed Central

    Hertig, John B.; Weber, Robert J.

    2015-01-01

    Practice advancement demands innovation. Amidst professional change, pharmacy leaders have the opportunity to collaborate with colleagues to develop transformational ideas, implement these solutions, and share those successes with professionals around the state, country, and world. Scholarship, defined as contributing to the literature through publications, presentations, and other writings, is an ideal way to advance innovation within the profession. It is critical for pharmacy leaders to build scholarship into their professional workflow. Ensuring that successful projects are published or presented may translate into shared best practices. Many pharmacy leaders may find it difficult to participate in scholarship activities because of their busy schedules. This column serves to outline recommendations on how to effectively incorporate writing for publications, making presentations, and other scholarly work into the role of pharmacy leaders and managers. To reduce the barriers to scholarship, pharmacy leaders role can apply project management principles to their work and identify projects that otherwise would not be published and support their development. PMID:26823623

  2. Active containment systems incorporating modified pillared clays

    SciTech Connect

    Lundie, P. |; McLeod, N.

    1997-12-31

    The application of treatment technologies in active containment systems provides a more advanced and effective method for the remediation of contaminated sites. These treatment technologies can be applied in permeable reactive walls and/or funnel and gate systems. The application of modified pillared clays in active containment systems provides a mechanism for producing permeable reactive walls with versatile properties. These pillared clays are suitably modified to incorporate reactive intercalatants capable of reacting with both a broad range of organic pollutants of varying molecular size, polarity and reactivity. Heavy metals can be removed from contaminated water by conventional ion-exchange and other reactive processes within the clay structure. Complex contamination problems can be addressed by the application of more than one modified clay on a site specific basis. This paper briefly describes the active containment system and the structure/chemistry of the modified pillared clay technology, illustrating potential applications of the in-situ treatment process for contaminated site remediation.

  3. Jay Carter Enterprises, Incorporated steam engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    The Small Community Solar Thermal Power Experiment (SCSE) selected an organic rankine cycle (ORC) engine driving a high speed permanent magnet alternator (PMA) as the baseline power conversion subsystem (PCS) design. The back-up conceptual PCS design is a steam engine driving an induction alternator delivering power directly to the grid. The development of the automotive reciprocating simple rankine cycle steam engine and how an engine of similar design might be incorporated into the SCSE is discussed. A description of the third generation automotive engine is included along with some preliminary test data. Tests were conducted with the third generation engine driving an induction alternator delivering power directly to the grid. The purpose of these tests is to further verify the effects of expander inlet temperature, input thermal power level, expansion ratio, and other parameters affecting engine performance to aid in the development of an SCSE PCS.

  4. Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same

    DOEpatents

    Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

    2005-11-01

    An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

  5. Incorporating global components into ethics education.

    PubMed

    Wang, George; Thompson, Russell G

    2013-03-01

    Ethics is central to science and engineering. Young engineers need to be grounded in how corporate social responsibility principles can be applied to engineering organizations to better serve the broader community. This is crucial in times of climate change and ecological challenges where the vulnerable can be impacted by engineering activities. Taking a global perspective in ethics education will help ensure that scientists and engineers can make a more substantial contribution to development throughout the world. This paper presents the importance of incorporating the global and cross culture components in the ethic education. The authors bring up a question to educators on ethics education in science and engineering in the globalized world, and its importance, necessity, and impendency. The paper presents several methods for discussion that can be used to identify the differences in ethics standards and practices in different countries; enhance the student's knowledge of ethics in a global arena. PMID:21769592

  6. Radiation shielding materials and containers incorporating same

    DOEpatents

    Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; Murray, Alexander P.

    2005-11-01

    An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound ("PYRUC") shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

  7. Incorporation of RAM techniques into simulation modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, S.C. Jr.; Haire, M.J.; Schryver, J.C.

    1995-07-01

    This work concludes that reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) analytical techniques can be incorporated into computer network simulation modeling to yield an important new analytical tool. This paper describes the incorporation of failure and repair information into network simulation to build a stochastic computer model represents the RAM Performance of two vehicles being developed for the US Army: The Advanced Field Artillery System (AFAS) and the Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV). The AFAS is the US Army`s next generation self-propelled cannon artillery system. The FARV is a resupply vehicle for the AFAS. Both vehicles utilize automation technologies to improve the operational performance of the vehicles and reduce manpower. The network simulation model used in this work is task based. The model programmed in this application requirements a typical battle mission and the failures and repairs that occur during that battle. Each task that the FARV performs--upload, travel to the AFAS, refuel, perform tactical/survivability moves, return to logistic resupply, etc.--is modeled. Such a model reproduces a model reproduces operational phenomena (e.g., failures and repairs) that are likely to occur in actual performance. Simulation tasks are modeled as discrete chronological steps; after the completion of each task decisions are programmed that determine the next path to be followed. The result is a complex logic diagram or network. The network simulation model is developed within a hierarchy of vehicle systems, subsystems, and equipment and includes failure management subnetworks. RAM information and other performance measures are collected which have impact on design requirements. Design changes are evaluated through ``what if`` questions, sensitivity studies, and battle scenario changes.

  8. Incorporation of pollution prevention principles in environmental methods

    SciTech Connect

    Erickson, M.D.; Alvarado, J.S.; Lu, C.-S.; Peterson, D.P.; Silzer, J.

    1996-07-01

    The principles of pollution prevention (P2) have not been sufficiently incorporated into analytical methods. In this paper, we focus on the needs for and the benefits of incorporating the principles of P2 into environmental analytical methods.

  9. 30 CFR 250.198 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... reference according to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (1) Incorporation by reference of a document is... Titration, Second Edition, December 2002; reaffirmed 2005; incorporated by reference at § 250.1202; (34)...

  10. 40 CFR 72.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Program General Provisions § 72.13 Incorporation by reference. The...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval,...

  11. 40 CFR 72.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Program General Provisions § 72.13 Incorporation by reference. The...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval,...

  12. 40 CFR 72.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Program General Provisions § 72.13 Incorporation by reference. The...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval,...

  13. 40 CFR 72.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Program General Provisions § 72.13 Incorporation by reference. The...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval,...

  14. 40 CFR 72.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Program General Provisions § 72.13 Incorporation by reference. The...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval,...

  15. 33 CFR 96.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... incorporated by reference into this subpart under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition.../code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. (b) The material approved for incorporation...

  16. 40 CFR 76.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval...) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.4 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  17. 40 CFR 76.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval...) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.4 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  18. 40 CFR 76.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval...) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.4 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  19. 40 CFR 76.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval...) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.4 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  20. 40 CFR 76.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they existed on the date of approval...) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.4 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  1. 49 CFR 393.7 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR...). (2) Front Fog Lamp, SAE J583, August 2004, incorporation by reference approved for § 393.24(b)....

  2. 7 CFR 1755.901 - Incorporation by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Other Passive Fiber Optic Components, approved May 1989, (“TIA/EIA Standard 455-3A”), incorporation...

  3. 7 CFR 1755.901 - Incorporation by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Other Passive Fiber Optic Components, approved May 1989, (“TIA/EIA Standard 455-3A”), incorporation...

  4. 7 CFR 1755.901 - Incorporation by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Other Passive Fiber Optic Components, approved May 1989, (“TIA/EIA Standard 455-3A”), incorporation...

  5. 49 CFR 572.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be... Female Crash Test Dummy (HIII-5F, Alpha Version)” (June 2002), incorporated by reference in “572.131, and... small adult female crash test dummy parts list, incorporated by reference in § 572.131; (2) A...

  6. 49 CFR 572.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be... Female Crash Test Dummy (HIII-5F, Alpha Version)” (June 2002), incorporated by reference in “572.131, and... small adult female crash test dummy parts list, incorporated by reference in § 572.131; (2) A...

  7. 49 CFR 384.107 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 384.107 Section... COMPLIANCE WITH COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM General § 384.107 Matter incorporated by reference. (a) Incorporation by reference. This part includes references to certain matter or materials. The text of...

  8. 48 CFR 2852.102-270 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... 2852.102-270 Incorporation in full text. JAR provisions or clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and contracts in full text....

  9. 48 CFR 1952.102-2 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Incorporation in full text... Clauses 1952.102-2 Incorporation in full text. All IAAR provisions and clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and/or contracts in full text....

  10. 48 CFR 2852.102-270 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... 2852.102-270 Incorporation in full text. JAR provisions or clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and contracts in full text....

  11. 48 CFR 1952.102-2 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... Clauses 1952.102-2 Incorporation in full text. All IAAR provisions and clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and/or contracts in full text....

  12. 48 CFR 1952.102-2 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... Clauses 1952.102-2 Incorporation in full text. All IAAR provisions and clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and/or contracts in full text....

  13. 48 CFR 1952.102-2 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... Clauses 1952.102-2 Incorporation in full text. All IAAR provisions and clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and/or contracts in full text....

  14. 48 CFR 2852.102-270 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... 2852.102-270 Incorporation in full text. JAR provisions or clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and contracts in full text....

  15. 48 CFR 2852.102-270 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Incorporation in full text... 2852.102-270 Incorporation in full text. JAR provisions or clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and contracts in full text....

  16. 48 CFR 2852.102-270 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... 2852.102-270 Incorporation in full text. JAR provisions or clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and contracts in full text....

  17. 48 CFR 1952.102-2 - Incorporation in full text.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation in full text... Clauses 1952.102-2 Incorporation in full text. All IAAR provisions and clauses shall be incorporated in solicitations and/or contracts in full text....

  18. 7 CFR 1755.901 - Incorporation by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... AGRICULTURE TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES ON SPECIFICATIONS, ACCEPTABLE MATERIALS, AND STANDARD CONTRACT FORMS § 1755.901 Incorporation by Reference. (a) Incorporation by reference. The materials listed here...

  19. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7... OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal Opportunity Clause shall be deemed incorporated into...

  20. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7... OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal Opportunity Clause shall be deemed incorporated into...

  1. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7... OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal Opportunity Clause shall be deemed incorporated into...

  2. 49 CFR 393.7 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 393.7 Section... ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION General § 393.7 Matter incorporated by reference. (a)...

  3. 49 CFR 393.7 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 393.7 Section... ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION General § 393.7 Matter incorporated by reference. (a)...

  4. 49 CFR 393.7 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 393.7 Section... ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION General § 393.7 Matter incorporated by reference. (a)...

  5. 46 CFR 109.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 109.105 Section 109.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS General § 109.105 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by...

  6. 46 CFR 109.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 109.105 Section 109.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS General § 109.105 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by...

  7. 46 CFR 109.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 109.105 Section 109.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS General § 109.105 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by...

  8. 46 CFR 109.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 109.105 Section 109.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS General § 109.105 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by...

  9. 46 CFR 109.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 109.105 Section 109.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS General § 109.105 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by...

  10. 47 CFR 76.602 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.602 Incorporation by reference....

  11. 75 FR 17737 - Industrial Economics, Incorporated; Transfer of Data

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... AGENCY Industrial Economics, Incorporated; Transfer of Data AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Economics, Incorporated in accordance with 40 CFR 2.307(h)(3) and 2.308(i)(2). Industrial Economics... enable Industrial Economics, Incorporated to fulfill the obligations of the contract. DATES:...

  12. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7... OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal Opportunity Clause shall be deemed incorporated into...

  13. 48 CFR 52.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... incorporated by reference to the maximum practical extent, rather than being incorporated in full text, even if... by reference in solicitations and/or contracts. However, the contracting officer, upon request, shall provide the full text of any provision or clause incorporated by reference. (c) Agency approved...

  14. 30 CFR 250.198 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... incorporations by reference according to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (1) Incorporation by reference of a....S.C. 553. (3) The effect of incorporation by reference of a document into the regulations in this... Section 250.198 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND...

  15. Kemp Echo Lattices Incorporating Hair Cell Nonlinearities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sellami, Louiza

    In this thesis we develop a two-part model of the inner ear that can be used to simulate Kemp echoes, in their impulse response, and from which a characterization of the cochlea can be made. To accomplish this task, in the first part, we propose a linear digital scattering model of the cochlea, based on the well known unidimensional transmission line model into which we incorporate nonuniform and loss properties. The lattice structure of the digital scattering model is obtained by rephrasing the model equations in terms of incident and reflected waves. A spectral estimation method, which treats the system as an ARMA filter with a minimum phase transfer function of unknown degree, is used to estimate the transfer function of the cochlea. This method utilizes the theory of positive real and bounded real functions and Richard's theorem on the concept of degree reduction to determine both the degree and the predictor coefficients of the filter. The scattering model is then realized, using a new synthesis technique, from the overall transfer function and the zeros of transmission, as a cascade of real lossless lattice filters of degree two, closed on a load section. To change the nature of the sections from lossless to lossy, a new method, based on the properties of the proposed lattice structure and the damping parameter of the cochlea, was developed to distribute the load factor among the sections. Each lattice filter is described by a transfer scattering matrix whose entries are functions of the mechanical and geometrical parameters of the cochlea. The proposed synthesis method leads to a systematic estimation of the parameters of the cochlea. In the second part, we introduce a nonlinear bidirectional mechano-electrical model of a hair cell, estimate its components from experimental data, analyze its behavior, simulate it, and compare the results with experimental findings. We than propose a schematic procedure to realize a nonlinear model of the cochlea by

  16. Protein Crystal Growth Dynamics and Impurity Incorporation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chernov, Alex A.; Thomas, Bill

    2000-01-01

    The general concepts and theories of crystal growth are proven to work for biomolecular crystallization. This allowed us to extract basic parameters controlling growth kinetics - free surface energy, alpha, and kinetic coefficient, beta, for steps. Surface energy per molecular site in thermal units, alpha(omega)(sup 2/3)/kT approx. = 1, is close to the one for inorganic crystals in solution (omega is the specific molecular volume, T is the temperature). Entropic restrictions on incorporation of biomolecules into the lattice reduce the incorporation rate, beta, by a factor of 10(exp 2) - 10(exp 3) relative to inorganic crystals. A dehydration barrier of approx. 18kcal/mol may explain approx. 10(exp -6) times difference between frequencies of adding a molecule to the lattice and Brownian attempts to do so. The latter was obtained from AFM measurements of step and kink growth rates on orthorhombic lysozyme. Protein and many inorganic crystals typically do not belong to the Kossel type, thus requiring a theory to account for inequivalent molecular positions within its unit cell. Orthorhombic lysozyme will serve as an example of how to develop such a theory. Factors deteriorating crystal quality - stress and strain, mosaicity, molecular disorder - will be reviewed with emphasis on impurities. Dimers in ferritin and lysozyme and acetylated lysozyme, are microheterogeneous i.e. nearly isomorphic impurities that are shown to be preferentially trapped by tetragonal lysozyme and ferritin crystals, respectively. The distribution coefficient, K defined as a ratio of the (impurity/protein) ratios in crystal and in solution is a measure of trapping. For acetylated lysoyzme, K = 2.15 or, 3.42 for differently acetylated forms, is independent of both the impurity and the crystallizing protein concentration. The reason is that impurity flux to the surface is constant while the growth rate rises with supersaturation. About 3 times lower dimer concentration in space grown ferritin and

  17. Incorporating Student Activities into Climate Change Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steele, H.; Kelly, K.; Klein, D.; Cadavid, A. C.

    2013-12-01

    Under a NASA grant, Mathematical and Geospatial Pathways to Climate Change Education, students at California State University, Northridge integrated Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, satellite data technologies, and climate modelling into the study of global climate change under a Pathway for studying the Mathematics of Climate Change (PMCC). The PMCC, which is an interdisciplinary option within the BS in Applied Mathematical Sciences, consists of courses offered by the departments of Mathematics, Physics, and Geography and is designed to prepare students for careers and Ph.D. programs in technical fields relevant to global climate change. Under this option students are exposed to the science, mathematics, and applications of climate change science through a variety of methods including hands-on experience with computer modeling and image processing software. In the Geography component of the program, ESRI's ArcGIS and ERDAS Imagine mapping, spatial analysis and image processing software were used to explore NASA satellite data to examine the earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere in areas that are affected by climate change or affect climate. These technology tools were incorporated into climate change and remote sensing courses to enhance students' knowledge and understanding of climate change through hands-on application of image processing techniques to NASA data. Several sets of exercises were developed with specific learning objectives in mind. These were (1) to increase student understanding of climate change and climate change processes; (2) to develop student skills in understanding, downloading and processing satellite data; (3) to teach remote sensing technology and GIS through applications to climate change; (4) to expose students to climate data and methods they can apply to solve real world problems and incorporate in future research projects. In the Math and Physics components of the course, students learned about

  18. Streamflow Recession Analysis Incorporating Human Water Use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, B. F.; Vogel, R. M.

    2011-12-01

    Hydrologic studies of streamflow recessions are common in hydrology, yet nearly all previous studies have ignored the impact of human water withdrawals on the recession behavior of streamflow. The baseflow recession constant (Kb), commonly used in hydrologic models, can be estimated from a hydrologic recession. Resulting estimates of Kb are used widely in rainfall runoff models, low flow forecasting, and estimation of low flow characteristics. The accurate estimation of the baseflow recession constant is critical due to its common use in low flow characterization for water management strategies and Clean Water Act permitting requirements. This study documents the impact of water withdrawals on estimates of streamflow recession constants. We combine existing information on both groundwater and surface water resources and readily available information on human water use. We document that estimates of the baseflow recession constant depend critically upon the ratio of groundwater withdrawals to the average magnitude of baseflows. We document that without careful attention to the impact of groundwater withdrawals, estimates of streamflow recession constants will exhibit significant bias. Observed streamflow response is best approximated by a streamflow recession constant that incorporates human water use.

  19. Improved Josephson Qubits incorporating Crystalline Silicon Dielectrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Yuanfeng; Maurer, Leon; Hover, David; Patel, Umeshkumar; McDermott, Robert

    2010-03-01

    Josephson junction phase quibts are a leading candidate for scalable quantum computing in the solid state. Their energy relaxation times are currently limited by microwave loss induced by a high density of two-level state (TLS) defects in the amorphous dielectric films of the circuit. It is expected that the integration of crystalline, defect-free dielectrics into the circuits will yield substantial improvements in qubit energy relaxation times. However, the epitaxial growth of a crystalline dielectric on a metal underlayer is a daunting challenge. Here we describe a novel approach in which the crystalline silicon nanomembrane of a Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) wafer is used to form the junction shunt capacitor. The SOI wafer is thermocompression bonded to the device wafer. The handle and buried oxide layers of the SOI are then etched away, leaving the crystalline silicon layer for subsequent processing. We discuss device fabrication issues and present microwave transport data on lumped-element superconducting resonators incorporating the crystalline silicon.

  20. Incorporation of polydiacetylene sensors into commercial polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kauffman, Jennifer Susan

    Polydiacetylenes (PDAs) exhibit a chromatic response to solvents, temperature, strain and other environmental perturbations. When formed in a solid-state polymerization, the backbone of the polymer is planar and continuous pi-overlap is observed. However, when the PDA backbone is distorted by an outside force the extended conjugation is interrupted and an optical shift from blue to red is observed. By exploiting the PDAs properties within polymer systems, smart fibers and films have been created that enhance the original intention of the host. Under this umbrella, a strain sensitive polydiacetylene-polyurethane blend was created using 3 and 4-butoxycarbonylmethylurethane PDA and a medical grade polyurethane, TecoflexRTM. Additionally, a temperature sensitive material has been developed with the renewable resource polymer, polylactic acid (PLA) blended with 10,12-pentacosadiynoic acid (PCDA). Finally, PCDA has been incorporated into sodium alginate to be used as environmentally responsive fibers. To match the aqueous solubility of the alginate, the PCDA was forced into a micellular structure through heating and probe sonication. After crystallization and polymerization, the water-soluble micelles were combined with the sodium alginate and wet-spun into calcium alginate "smart" fibers. The visual colorimetric detection (blue to red) was monitored optically and quantitatively by absorbance and Raman spectroscopy.

  1. Incorporation of salinity in Water Availability Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wurbs, Ralph A.; Lee, Chihun

    2011-10-01

    SummaryNatural salt pollution from geologic formations in the upper watersheds of several large river basins in the Southwestern United States severely constrains the use of otherwise available major water supply sources. The Water Rights Analysis Package modeling system has been routinely applied in Texas since the late 1990s in regional and statewide planning studies and administration of the state's water rights permit system, but without consideration of water quality. The modeling system was recently expanded to incorporate salinity considerations in assessments of river/reservoir system capabilities for supplying water for environmental, municipal, agricultural, and industrial needs. Salinity loads and concentrations are tracked through systems of river reaches and reservoirs to develop concentration frequency statistics that augment flow frequency and water supply reliability metrics at pertinent locations for alternative water management strategies. Flexible generalized capabilities are developed for using limited observed salinity data to model highly variable concentrations imposed upon complex river regulation infrastructure and institutional water allocation/management practices.

  2. DNA-incorporating nanomaterials in biotechnological applications

    SciTech Connect

    Stadler, A.; van der Lelie, D.; Chi, C.; Gang, O.

    2010-02-01

    The recently developed ability to controllably connect biological and inorganic objects on a molecular scale opens a new page in biomimetic methods with potential applications in biodetection, tissue engineering, targeted therapeutics and drug/gene delivery. Particularly in the biodetection arena, a rapid development of new platforms has largely been stimulated by a spectrum of novel nanomaterials with physical properties that offer efficient, sensitive and inexpensive molecular sensing. Recently, DNA-functionalized nano-objects have emerged as a new class of nanomaterials that can be controllably assembled in predesigned structures. Such DNA-based nanoscale structures might provide a new detection paradigm due to their regulated optical, electrical and magnetic responses, chemical heterogeneity and high local biomolecular concentration. The specific biorecognition DNA and its physical-chemical characteristics allows for an exploitation of DNA-functionalized nanomaterials for sensing of nucleic acids, while a broad tunability of DNA interactions permits extending their use for detection of proteins, small molecules and ions. We discuss the progress that was achieved in the last decade in the exploration of new detection methods based on DNA-incorporating nanomaterials as well as their applications to gene delivery. The comparison between various detection platforms, their sensitivity and selectivity, and specific applications are reviewed.

  3. Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Groves, Craig R.; Game, Edward T.; Anderson, Mark G.; Cross, Molly; Enquist, Carolyn; Ferdana, Zach; Girvetz, Evan; Gondor, Anne; Hall, Kimberly R.; Higgins, Jonathan; Marshall, Rob; Popper, Ken; Schill, Steve; Shafer, Sarah L.

    2012-01-01

    The principles of systematic conservation planning are now widely used by governments and non-government organizations alike to develop biodiversity conservation plans for countries, states, regions, and ecoregions. Many of the species and ecosystems these plans were designed to conserve are now being affected by climate change, and there is a critical need to incorporate new and complementary approaches into these plans that will aid species and ecosystems in adjusting to potential climate change impacts. We propose five approaches to climate change adaptation that can be integrated into existing or new biodiversity conservation plans: (1) conserving the geophysical stage, (2) protecting climatic refugia, (3) enhancing regional connectivity, (4) sustaining ecosystem process and function, and (5) capitalizing on opportunities emerging in response to climate change. We discuss both key assumptions behind each approach and the trade-offs involved in using the approach for conservation planning. We also summarize additional data beyond those typically used in systematic conservation plans required to implement these approaches. A major strength of these approaches is that they are largely robust to the uncertainty in how climate impacts may manifest in any given region.

  4. Incorporating process variability into stormwater quality modelling.

    PubMed

    Wijesiri, Buddhi; Egodawatta, Prasanna; McGree, James; Goonetilleke, Ashantha

    2015-11-15

    Process variability in pollutant build-up and wash-off generates inherent uncertainty that affects the outcomes of stormwater quality models. Poor characterisation of process variability constrains the accurate accounting of the uncertainty associated with pollutant processes. This acts as a significant limitation to effective decision making in relation to stormwater pollution mitigation. The study undertaken developed three theoretical scenarios based on research findings that variations in particle size fractions <150 μm and >150 μm during pollutant build-up and wash-off primarily determine the variability associated with these processes. These scenarios, which combine pollutant build-up and wash-off processes that takes place on a continuous timeline, are able to explain process variability under different field conditions. Given the variability characteristics of a specific build-up or wash-off event, the theoretical scenarios help to infer the variability characteristics of the associated pollutant process that follows. Mathematical formulation of the theoretical scenarios enables the incorporation of variability characteristics of pollutant build-up and wash-off processes in stormwater quality models. The research study outcomes will contribute to the quantitative assessment of uncertainty as an integral part of the interpretation of stormwater quality modelling outcomes.

  5. Incorporating national priorities into the curriculum.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Deborah Y

    2012-01-01

    There are many aspects of care that need an overhaul to function safely, efficiently, and effectively. There needs to be a new culture in health care that focuses on safety and quality, and it will take many shareholders working together to make this possible. The National Priorities Partnership is a group of 28 national organizations from across the health care spectrum collaborating to change the health care delivery system. The Partners acknowledged four challenges individuals face in the current U.S. system: harm, disparity, disease burden, and waste. To meet these challenges and improve performance, the Partners identified six priorities: patient and family engagement, population health, safety, care coordination, palliative and end-of-life care, and overuse (National Priorities Partnership). It is hopeful that when put into practice, these essentials will have a significant impact on improving health care. It comes down to creating a culture of safety and quality. This culture should start during entry-level education for health care providers, such as nursing schools. The priorities and goals provide a framework that can be incorporated into the curriculum so future nurses are aware of the issues and challenges in health care today. Each challenge needs evidence-based strategies for achieving the desired results. It is time to create a culture of safety and quality in health care.

  6. Incorporating seed orientation in brachytherapy implant reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Yu; Jain, Ameet K.; Chirikjian, Gregory S.; Fichtinger, Gabor

    2006-03-01

    Intra-operative quality assurance and dosimetry optimization in prostate brachytherapy critically depends on the ability of discerning the locations of implanted seeds. Various methods exist for seed matching and reconstruction from multiple segmented C-arm images. Unfortunately, using three or more images makes the problem NP-hard, i.e. no polynomial-time algorithm can provably compute the complete matching. Typically, a statistical analysis of performance is considered sufficient. Hence it is of utmost importance to exploit all the available information in order to minimize the matching and reconstruction errors. Current algorithms use only the information about seed centers, disregarding the information about the orientations and length of seeds. While the latter has little dosimetric impact, it can positively contribute to improving seed matching rate and 3D implant reconstruction accuracy. It can also become critical information when hidden and spuriously segmented seeds need to be matched, where reliable and generic methods are not yet available. Expecting orientation information to be useful in reconstructing large and dense implants, we have developed a method which incorporates seed orientation information into our previously proposed reconstruction algorithm (MARSHAL). Simulation study shows that under normal segmentation errors, when considering seed orientations, implants of 80 to 140 seeds with the density of 2.0- 3.0 seeds/cc give an average matching rate >97% using three-image matching. It is higher than the matching rate of about 96% when considering only seed positions. This means that the information of seed orientations appears to be a valuable additive to fluoroscopy-based brachytherapy implant reconstruction.

  7. Incorporating neurophysiological concepts in mathematical thermoregulation models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kingma, Boris R. M.; Vosselman, M. J.; Frijns, A. J. H.; van Steenhoven, A. A.; van Marken Lichtenbelt, W. D.

    2014-01-01

    Skin blood flow (SBF) is a key player in human thermoregulation during mild thermal challenges. Various numerical models of SBF regulation exist. However, none explicitly incorporates the neurophysiology of thermal reception. This study tested a new SBF model that is in line with experimental data on thermal reception and the neurophysiological pathways involved in thermoregulatory SBF control. Additionally, a numerical thermoregulation model was used as a platform to test the function of the neurophysiological SBF model for skin temperature simulation. The prediction-error of the SBF-model was quantified by root-mean-squared-residual (RMSR) between simulations and experimental measurement data. Measurement data consisted of SBF (abdomen, forearm, hand), core and skin temperature recordings of young males during three transient thermal challenges (1 development and 2 validation). Additionally, ThermoSEM, a thermoregulation model, was used to simulate body temperatures using the new neurophysiological SBF-model. The RMSR between simulated and measured mean skin temperature was used to validate the model. The neurophysiological model predicted SBF with an accuracy of RMSR < 0.27. Tskin simulation results were within 0.37 °C of the measured mean skin temperature. This study shows that (1) thermal reception and neurophysiological pathways involved in thermoregulatory SBF control can be captured in a mathematical model, and (2) human thermoregulation models can be equipped with SBF control functions that are based on neurophysiology without loss of performance. The neurophysiological approach in modelling thermoregulation is favourable over engineering approaches because it is more in line with the underlying physiology.

  8. Incorporating psychological influences in probabilistic cost analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Kujawski, Edouard; Alvaro, Mariana; Edwards, William

    2004-01-08

    Today's typical probabilistic cost analysis assumes an ''ideal'' project that is devoid of the human and organizational considerations that heavily influence the success and cost of real-world projects. In the real world ''Money Allocated Is Money Spent'' (MAIMS principle); cost underruns are rarely available to protect against cost overruns while task overruns are passed on to the total project cost. Realistic cost estimates therefore require a modified probabilistic cost analysis that simultaneously models the cost management strategy including budget allocation. Psychological influences such as overconfidence in assessing uncertainties and dependencies among cost elements and risks are other important considerations that are generally not addressed. It should then be no surprise that actual project costs often exceed the initial estimates and are delivered late and/or with a reduced scope. This paper presents a practical probabilistic cost analysis model that incorporates recent findings in human behavior and judgment under uncertainty, dependencies among cost elements, the MAIMS principle, and project management practices. Uncertain cost elements are elicited from experts using the direct fractile assessment method and fitted with three-parameter Weibull distributions. The full correlation matrix is specified in terms of two parameters that characterize correlations among cost elements in the same and in different subsystems. The analysis is readily implemented using standard Monte Carlo simulation tools such as {at}Risk and Crystal Ball{reg_sign}. The analysis of a representative design and engineering project substantiates that today's typical probabilistic cost analysis is likely to severely underestimate project cost for probability of success values of importance to contractors and procuring activities. The proposed approach provides a framework for developing a viable cost management strategy for allocating baseline budgets and contingencies. Given the

  9. Incorporating neurophysiological concepts in mathematical thermoregulation models.

    PubMed

    Kingma, Boris R M; Vosselman, M J; Frijns, A J H; van Steenhoven, A A; van Marken Lichtenbelt, W D

    2014-01-01

    Skin blood flow (SBF) is a key player in human thermoregulation during mild thermal challenges. Various numerical models of SBF regulation exist. However, none explicitly incorporates the neurophysiology of thermal reception. This study tested a new SBF model that is in line with experimental data on thermal reception and the neurophysiological pathways involved in thermoregulatory SBF control. Additionally, a numerical thermoregulation model was used as a platform to test the function of the neurophysiological SBF model for skin temperature simulation. The prediction-error of the SBF-model was quantified by root-mean-squared-residual (RMSR) between simulations and experimental measurement data. Measurement data consisted of SBF (abdomen, forearm, hand), core and skin temperature recordings of young males during three transient thermal challenges (1 development and 2 validation). Additionally, ThermoSEM, a thermoregulation model, was used to simulate body temperatures using the new neurophysiological SBF-model. The RMSR between simulated and measured mean skin temperature was used to validate the model. The neurophysiological model predicted SBF with an accuracy of RMSR < 0.27. Tskin simulation results were within 0.37 °C of the measured mean skin temperature. This study shows that (1) thermal reception and neurophysiological pathways involved in thermoregulatory SBF control can be captured in a mathematical model, and (2) human thermoregulation models can be equipped with SBF control functions that are based on neurophysiology without loss of performance. The neurophysiological approach in modelling thermoregulation is favourable over engineering approaches because it is more in line with the underlying physiology.

  10. Coral barium incorporation: implications for proxy applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonneea, M. E.; Cohen, A. L.; Charette, M. A.

    2012-12-01

    Coral Ba/Ca ratios have been proposed as proxies for various environmental variables including sediment loading, upwelling and groundwater input. Two assumptions that underpin the application of Ba/Ca ratios as an environmental proxy is 2) that corals take up Ba/Ca in concentrations proportional to seawater concentrations and 1) that the specified forcing mechanism influences seawater [Ba]. Here we present data from laboratory experiments that demonstrates corals reared in a range of seawater [Ba] linearly incorporate this signature in their skeletal Ba/Ca ratios. Observed coral Ba/Ca perturbations above baseline typically range from 5-15 μmol/mol which is ~100-500% increase over baseline. Other factors known to influence coral Ba/Ca include the temperature dependence on the partition coefficient and mass fraction aragonite precipitated by the coral which may be linked to calcification rate. In our experiments, calcification rate increased with temperature, thus the observed coral partition coefficient is the net effect of temperature (Ba/Ca increase at lower temperature) and calcification rate (Ba/Ca increase at higher temperature). We observed that the partition coefficient for reared coral Ba/Ca increased 20% 27.7 to 22.5 C, much less than observed Ba/Ca perturbations. Thus we predict that seawater [Ba] drives coral Ba/Ca signals in many locations. We present a model framework to calculate the expected contribution from sediment input, upwelling and groundwater discharge that is needed to produce this signature in corals growing in receiving waters. Finally we apply this model to a coral record from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, recording groundwater discharge to the coastal ocean.

  11. Kennedy Space Center's Partnership with Graftel Incorporated

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dunn, Carol Anne

    2010-01-01

    NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recently partnered with Graftel Incorporated under an exclusive license agreement for the manufacture and sale of the Smart Current Signature Sensor. The Smart Current Signature Sensor and software were designed and developed to be utilized on any application using solenoid valves. The system monitors the electrical and mechanical health of solenoids by comparing the electrical current profile of each solenoid actuation to a typical current profile and reporting deviation from its learned behavior. The objective of this partnership with Graftel is for them to develop the technology into a hand-held testing device for their customer base in the Nuclear Power Industry. The device will be used to perform diagnostic testing on electromechanical valves used in Nuclear Power plants. Initially, Graftel plans to have working units within the first year of license in order to show customers and allow them to put purchase requests into their next year's budget. The subject technology under discussion was commercialized by the Kennedy Space Center Technology Programs and Partnerships Office, which patented the technology and licensed it to Graftel, Inc., a company providing support, instrumentation, and calibration services to the nuclear community and private sector for over 10 years. For the nuclear power industry, Graftel designs, manufacturers, and calibrates a full line of testing instrumentation. Grafters smart sensors have been in use in the United States since 1993 and have proved to decrease set-up time and test durations. The project was funded by Non-Destructive Engineering, and it is felt that this technology will have more emphasis on future vehicles. Graftel plans to market the Current Signature Sensor to the Electric Utility industry. Graftel currently supplies product and services to the Nuclear Power Industry in the United States as well as internationally. Product and services sold are used in non-destructive testing for

  12. Safety performance functions incorporating design consistency variables.

    PubMed

    Montella, Alfonso; Imbriani, Lella Liana

    2015-01-01

    Highway design which ensures that successive elements are coordinated in such a way as to produce harmonious and homogeneous driver performances along the road is considered consistent and safe. On the other hand, an alignment which requires drivers to handle high speed gradients and does not meet drivers' expectancy is considered inconsistent and produces higher crash frequency. To increase the usefulness and the reliability of existing safety performance functions and contribute to solve inconsistencies of existing highways as well as inconsistencies arising in the design phase, we developed safety performance functions for rural motorways that incorporate design consistency measures. Since the design consistency variables were used only for curves, two different sets of models were fitted for tangents and curves. Models for the following crash characteristics were fitted: total, single-vehicle run-off-the-road, other single vehicle, multi vehicle, daytime, nighttime, non-rainy weather, rainy weather, dry pavement, wet pavement, property damage only, slight injury, and severe injury (including fatal). The design consistency parameters in this study are based on operating speed models developed through an instrumented vehicle equipped with a GPS continuous speed tracking from a field experiment conducted on the same motorway where the safety performance functions were fitted (motorway A16 in Italy). Study results show that geometric design consistency has a significant effect on safety of rural motorways. Previous studies on the relationship between geometric design consistency and crash frequency focused on two-lane rural highways since these highways have the higher crash rates and are generally characterized by considerable inconsistencies. Our study clearly highlights that the achievement of proper geometric design consistency is a key design element also on motorways because of the safety consequences of design inconsistencies. The design consistency measures

  13. Permanent hair dye-incorporated hyaluronic acid nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hye-Young; Jeong, Young-Il; Kim, Da-Hye; Choi, Ki-Choon

    2013-01-01

    We prepared p-phenylenediamine (PDA)-incorporated nanoparticles using hyaluronic acid (HA). PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles have spherical shapes and sizes were less than 300 nm. The results of FT-IR spectra indicated that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles were formed by ion-complex formation between amine group of PDA and carboxyl group of HA. Furthermore, powder-X-ray diffractogram (XRD) measurement showed that intrinsic crystalline peak of PDA disappeared by formation of nanoparticle with HA at XRD measurement. These results indicated that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles were formed by ion-complex formation. At drug release study, the higher PDA contents induced faster release rate from nanoparticles. PDA-incorporated nanoparticles showed reduced intrinsic toxicity against HaCaT human keratinocyte cells at MTT assay and apoptosis assay. We suggest that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles are promising candidates for novel permanent hair dye. PMID:23088321

  14. Permanent hair dye-incorporated hyaluronic acid nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hye-Young; Jeong, Young-Il; Kim, Da-Hye; Choi, Ki-Choon

    2013-01-01

    We prepared p-phenylenediamine (PDA)-incorporated nanoparticles using hyaluronic acid (HA). PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles have spherical shapes and sizes were less than 300 nm. The results of FT-IR spectra indicated that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles were formed by ion-complex formation between amine group of PDA and carboxyl group of HA. Furthermore, powder-X-ray diffractogram (XRD) measurement showed that intrinsic crystalline peak of PDA disappeared by formation of nanoparticle with HA at XRD measurement. These results indicated that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles were formed by ion-complex formation. At drug release study, the higher PDA contents induced faster release rate from nanoparticles. PDA-incorporated nanoparticles showed reduced intrinsic toxicity against HaCaT human keratinocyte cells at MTT assay and apoptosis assay. We suggest that PDA-incorporated HA nanoparticles are promising candidates for novel permanent hair dye.

  15. Deuterium incorporation in biomass cell wall components by NMR analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Foston, Marcus B; McGaughey, Joseph; O'Neill, Hugh Michael; Evans, Barbara R; Ragauskas, Arthur J

    2012-01-01

    A commercially available deuterated kale sample was analyzed for deuterium incorporation by ionic liquid solution 2H and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). This protocol was found to effectively measure the percent deuterium incorporation at 33%, comparable to the 31% value determined by combustion. The solution NMR technique also suggested by a qualitative analysis that deuterium is preferentially incorporated into the carbohydrate components of the kale sample.

  16. Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

    2008-11-30

    One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to

  17. Incorporating Safety into a Unit Operations Laboratory Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Julia A.

    1998-01-01

    Details the incorporation of safety procedures and issues into the curriculum of an undergraduate chemical engineering unit operations laboratory course. Includes checklists and sample reporting forms. (DDR)

  18. 40 CFR 87.8 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.8 Incorporation by... Protection, Volume II, Aircraft Engine Emissions, Second Edition, July 1993, Including Amendment 3 of March... Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference as prescribed in 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR...

  19. 49 CFR 572.150 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the... Drawings, Subpart R, CRABI 12-Month-Old Infant Crash Test Dummy (CRABI-12, Alpha version) August 2001” and... Infant Crash Test Dummy (CRABI-12, Alpha version) August 2001” incorporated by reference in § 572.155;...

  20. 49 CFR 537.10 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 537.10 Section 537.10 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.10 Incorporation by...

  1. 49 CFR 537.10 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 537.10 Section 537.10 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.10 Incorporation by...

  2. 49 CFR 537.10 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 537.10 Section 537.10 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.10 Incorporation by...

  3. 14 CFR 1206.205 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 1206.205 Section 1206.205 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS TO MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC Records Available § 1206.205 Incorporation by reference....

  4. 14 CFR 1206.205 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Incorporation by reference. 1206.205 Section 1206.205 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS TO MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC Records Available § 1206.205 Incorporation by reference....

  5. 33 CFR 140.7 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incorporation by reference. 140.7 Section 140.7 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.7 Incorporation by reference. (a)...

  6. 49 CFR 572.150 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR Part 51. Copies of the...-Month-Old Infant, Alpha Version § 572.150 Incorporation by reference. (a) The following materials are... Drawings, Subpart R, CRABI 12-Month-Old Infant Crash Test Dummy (CRABI-12, Alpha version) August 2001”...

  7. 49 CFR 537.10 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 537.10 Section 537.10 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.10 Incorporation by...

  8. 10 CFR 431.75 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR 51. Any subsequent amendment to this... INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Test Procedures § 431.75 Materials incorporated by..., “Gas-Fired Central Furnaces,” IBR approved for § 431.76. (2) Underwriters Laboratories (UL)...

  9. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... than being incorporated in full text. Incorporation by reference is the listing only by title, regulatory citation, and date of the provision or clause. The full text of the referenced solicitation provision or contract clause is contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). FAR provisions...

  10. 49 CFR 572.160 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Six-Year-Old Weighted Child Test Dummy § 572.160 Incorporation by reference. (a) The following... package entitled “Parts List and Drawings, Part 572 Subpart S, Hybrid III Weighted Six-Year Old Child Test... assembly; and (vi) The Hybrid III Weighted Six-Year-Old Child Parts/Drawing List, incorporated by...

  11. 27 CFR 31.122 - Incorporation of business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Incorporation of business... Requiring Registration As A New Business § 31.122 Incorporation of business. Where an individual or a firm engaged in business requiring registration under this part forms a corporation to take over and...

  12. 46 CFR 64.2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 64.2 Section 64.2 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND... incorporation by reference in this part, and the sections affected, are: American Society of...

  13. 46 CFR 64.2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 64.2 Section 64.2 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND... incorporation by reference in this part, and the sections affected, are: American Society of...

  14. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  15. 50 CFR 640.29 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of approval and a notice of...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of approval and a... 68B-24: Spiny lobster (crawfish) and slipper lobster, Rule 68B-24.002: Definitions, in effect as...

  16. 75 FR 34017 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... 20 International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final... United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM ) and its incorporation by reference in the...: Issue 36 of the International Mail Manual was issued on May 11, 2009. It replaced all previous...

  17. 10 CFR 431.105 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.105 Section 431.105 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... Storage Tanks Test Procedures § 431.105 Materials incorporated by reference. (a) General. DOE...

  18. 10 CFR 431.105 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.105 Section 431.105 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... Storage Tanks Test Procedures § 431.105 Materials incorporated by reference. (a) The...

  19. 10 CFR 431.105 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.105 Section 431.105 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... Storage Tanks Test Procedures § 431.105 Materials incorporated by reference. (a) General. DOE...

  20. Selective incorporation of 5-hydroxytryptophan into proteins in mammalian cells

    DOEpatents

    Zhang, Zhiwen; Alfonta, Lital; Schultz, Peter G

    2014-02-25

    This invention provides methods and compositions for incorporation of an unnatural amino acid into a peptide using an orthogonal aminoacyl tRNA synthetase/tRNA pair. In particular, an orthogonal pair is provided to incorporate 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan in a position encoded by an opal mutation.

  1. 30 CFR 250.1904 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1904 Documents incorporated by reference. The effect of... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Documents incorporated by reference. 250.1904 Section 250.1904 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF...

  2. 30 CFR 250.1904 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1904 Documents incorporated by reference. The effect... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Documents incorporated by reference. 250.1904 Section 250.1904 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND...

  3. 49 CFR 384.107 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... inspection and copying as provided in 49 CFR part 7. (ii) The National Archives and Records Administration... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 384.107...

  4. 49 CFR 385.4 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified... Radioactive Materials as defined in 49 CFR Part 173.403,” April 1, 2014; incorporation by reference approved... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 385.4...

  5. 49 CFR 384.107 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... inspection and copying as provided in 49 CFR part 7. (ii) The National Archives and Records Administration... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 384.107...

  6. 49 CFR 384.107 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... provided in 49 CFR part 7. (ii) The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on... 49 Transportation 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 384.107...

  7. 49 CFR 384.107 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... provided in 49 CFR part 7. (ii) The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 384.107...

  8. 49 CFR 385.4 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... Radioactive Materials as defined in 49 CFR Part 173.403,” January 1, 2004. Information and copies may be... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 385.4...

  9. 49 CFR 385.4 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. For materials... Radioactive Materials as defined in 49 CFR Part 173.403,” January 1, 2004. Information and copies may be... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 385.4...

  10. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 153.4 Section 153.4 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS General § 153.4 Incorporation...

  11. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 153.4 Section 153.4 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS General § 153.4 Incorporation...

  12. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 153.4 Section 153.4 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS General § 153.4 Incorporation...

  13. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 153.4 Section 153.4 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS General § 153.4 Incorporation...

  14. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 153.4 Section 153.4 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS General § 153.4 Incorporation...

  15. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and notice of any changes in these materials will be published in the Federal... reference. (a) The materials listed in this section are incorporated by reference in the paragraphs noted...

  16. 24 CFR 3280.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and codes of the following organizations are incorporated by reference in 24 CFR part 3280 (this Standard) pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51 as though set forth in full. The incorporation by... have the same force and effect as this Standard (24 CFR part 3280) except that whenever...

  17. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  18. 46 CFR 160.077-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS..., “Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference,” which appears in the Finding Aids section of this volume... part where the material is incorporated, addresses where the material is available, and the date...

  19. Incorporating Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook in Economics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Bahrani, Abdullah; Patel, Darshak

    2015-01-01

    Social media is one of the most current and dynamic developments in education. In general, the field of economics has lagged behind other disciplines in incorporating technologies in the classroom. In this article, the authors provide a guide for economics educators on how to incorporate Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook inside and outside of the…

  20. 48 CFR 52.252-2 - Clauses Incorporated by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Clauses Incorporated by Reference. 52.252-2 Section 52.252-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.252-2 Clauses Incorporated...

  1. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions and Clauses 1352.102 Incorporating provisions...

  2. 48 CFR 52.252-2 - Clauses Incorporated by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Clauses Incorporated by Reference. 52.252-2 Section 52.252-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.252-2 Clauses Incorporated...

  3. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions and Clauses 1352.102 Incorporating provisions...

  4. 14 CFR 253.5 - Notice of incorporated terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Notice of incorporated terms. 253.5 Section 253.5 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS NOTICE OF TERMS OF CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE § 253.5 Notice of incorporated terms. Except as provided in § 253.8, each...

  5. 48 CFR 852.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 852.102 Section 852.102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions and Clauses 852.102 Incorporating...

  6. 48 CFR 852.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 852.102 Section 852.102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions and Clauses 852.102 Incorporating...

  7. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... than being incorporated in full text. Incorporation by reference is the listing only by title, regulatory citation, and date of the provision or clause. The full text of the referenced solicitation provision or contract clause is contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). FAR provisions...

  8. 48 CFR 52.252-2 - Clauses Incorporated by Reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Clauses Incorporated by Reference. 52.252-2 Section 52.252-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.252-2 Clauses Incorporated...

  9. 48 CFR 852.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CFR chapter 8 (VAAR) provision or clause may be incorporated in a quotation, solicitation, or contract... reference, in full text in a quotation, solicitation, or contract if the quotation, solicitation, or contract incorporates by reference a FAR or 48 CFR chapter 8 (VAAR) provision or clause that...

  10. 47 CFR 76.602 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.602 Incorporation by reference. (a....640. (5) ANSI/SCTE 54 2003 (formerly DVS 241), “Digital Video Service Multiplex and Transport...

  11. Incorporation of Source Material: The Effect of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storch, Neomy

    2012-01-01

    An important aspect of advanced academic writing is the ability to incorporate source material. Yet this ability often poses considerable challenges for international ESL students. Although a number of scholars have called for the explicit teaching of how to acknowledge and incorporate source materials, research evidence on whether explicit…

  12. 46 CFR 25.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-3 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part with... notice of change in the Federal Register and make the material available to the public. All approved material is on file at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Vessel Activities (CG-543), 2100 2nd St. SW.,...

  13. Incorporating interprofessional communication skills (ISBARR) into an undergraduate nursing curriculum.

    PubMed

    Enlow, Michele; Shanks, Linda; Guhde, Jacqueline; Perkins, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    The AACN, in their 2008 Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice, recommends that colleges of nursing faculty incorporate competencies into their baccalaureate curriculum that focus on the development of professional communication skills. The authors provide a plan to incorporate a standardized communication tool (ISBARR) throughout all levels of an undergraduate curriculum.

  14. 46 CFR 160.021-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.021-1 Section 160.021-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.021-1 Incorporation...

  15. 46 CFR 160.021-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.021-1 Section 160.021-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.021-1 Incorporation...

  16. 46 CFR 160.021-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.021-1 Section 160.021-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.021-1 Incorporation...

  17. 46 CFR 160.021-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.021-1 Section 160.021-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.021-1 Incorporation...

  18. 46 CFR 160.021-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.021-1 Section 160.021-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Red Flare Distress Signals § 160.021-1 Incorporation...

  19. A Collaborative Approach to Incorporating Statistics in the Physiology Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potterfield, April; Majerus, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Both the National Science Education Standards (NSES) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) recommend appropriately incorporating mathematics into other disciplines (NRC 1996; NRC 2003; NCTM 2000). With this in mind, an interdisciplinary, inquiry-based project was undertaken to incorporate mathematical analysis of data into a…

  20. 47 CFR 15.38 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES General § 15.38 Incorporation by...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... inspection at the Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th. St., SW., Reference Information Center,...

  1. 47 CFR 15.38 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES General § 15.38 Incorporation by...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... inspection at the Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th St., SW., Reference Information Center, Room...

  2. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date... 19428-2959. (1) ASTM Method C 1315-95, Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete, incorporation by reference approved for §...

  3. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date... 19428-2959. (1) ASTM Method C 1315-95, Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete, incorporation by reference approved for §...

  4. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  5. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  6. 28 CFR 10.5 - Incorporation of papers previously filed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Incorporation of papers previously filed... CARRYING ON ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Registration Statement § 10.5 Incorporation of papers previously filed. Papers and documents already filed with the Attorney General pursuant to the said act...

  7. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) NATIONAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Architectural Coatings § 59.412 Incorporations by... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the...

  8. 40 CFR 59.213 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) NATIONAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Consumer Products § 59.213 Incorporations by... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the...

  9. 47 CFR 73.8000 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control § 73.8000 Incorporation by reference... A/52: “ATSC Standard Digital Audio Compression (AC-3),” 1995, IBR approved for § 73.682. (2) ATSC...

  10. 46 CFR 160.037-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.037-1 Section 160.037-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Orange Smoke Distress Signals § 160.037-1 Incorporation...

  11. 46 CFR 160.037-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.037-1 Section 160.037-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Orange Smoke Distress Signals § 160.037-1 Incorporation...

  12. 46 CFR 160.037-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.037-1 Section 160.037-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Orange Smoke Distress Signals § 160.037-1 Incorporation...

  13. 46 CFR 160.037-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.037-1 Section 160.037-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Orange Smoke Distress Signals § 160.037-1 Incorporation...

  14. 46 CFR 160.037-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.037-1 Section 160.037-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand Orange Smoke Distress Signals § 160.037-1 Incorporation...

  15. Carotenoid incorporation into microsomes: yields, stability and membrane dynamics.

    PubMed

    Socaciu, C; Jessel, R; Diehl, H A

    2000-12-01

    The carotenoids beta-carotene (BC), lycopene (LYC), lutein (LUT), zeaxanthin (ZEA), canthaxanthin (CTX) and astaxanthin (ASTA) have been incorporated into pig liver microsomes. Effective incorporation concentrations in the range of about 1-6 nmol/mg microsomal protein were obtained. A stability test at room temperature revealed that after 3 h BC and LYC had decayed totally whereas, gradually, CTX (46%), LUT (21%), ASTA (17%) and ZEA (5%) decayed. Biophysical parameters of the microsomal membrane were changed hardly by the incorporation of carotenoids. A small rigidification may occur. Membrane anisotropy seems to offer only a small tolerance for incorporation of carotenoids and seems to limit the achievable incorporation concentrations of the carotenoids into microsomes. Microsomes instead of liposomes should be preferred as a membrane model to study mutual effects of carotenoids and membrane dynamics.

  16. Incorporation of capsaicin in silicone coatings for enhanced antifouling performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy Jaggari, Karunakar; Zhang Newby, Bi-Min

    2002-03-01

    Successful use of capsaicin as insect and animal repellant propelled us to use it as a possible antifouling agent. Its non-toxic, non-biocidal, non-leaching properties make it a viable alternative to organotin compounds. In order to optimize the anti-fouling performance of the coating, silicone, the most effective foul-release marine coating, was chosen as the carrier. We have incorporated capsaicin into silicone coating, by both bulk entrapment and surface immobilization. Contact angle measurements on capsaicin-incorporated silicone exhibited an increase in wettability, owing to the presence of capsaicin. FTIR study further confirmed the incorporation of capsaicin in silicone. Bacterial attachment studies were conducted using lake Erie water. While bacteria liberally inhabited the control coating, their presence on the capsaicin-incorporated coating was found to be minimal. These preliminary studies indicate that capsaicin incorporated silicone could be a viable environment friendly alternative to currently used antifouling coatings.

  17. Incorporation of neptunium(VI) into a uranyl selenite.

    PubMed

    Meredith, Nathan A; Polinski, Matthew J; Lin, Jian; Simonetti, Antonio; Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E

    2012-10-15

    The incorporation of neptunium(VI) into the layered uranyl selenite Cs[(UO(2))(HSeO(3))(SeO(3))] has yielded the highest level of neptunium uptake in a uranyl compound to date with an average of 12(±3)% substitution of Np(VI) for U(VI). Furthermore, this is the first case in nearly 2 decades of dedicated incorporation studies in which the oxidation state of neptunium has been determined spectroscopically in a doped uranyl compound and also the first time in which neptunium incorporation has resulted in a structural transformation.

  18. Teachers' incorporation of nanoscale science and engineering lessons into the classroom and factors that influence this incorporation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutchinson, Kelly M.

    Previous research has shown that teachers face a number of challenges when incorporating innovative science content into their curricula. These challenges include: lack of science equipment; lack of support from a professional development team; lack of time to plan and teach the lessons; weak teacher content knowledge; and problems created by teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning including, their beliefs about reform efforts (Peers, Diezmann, & Watters, 2003; Roehrig, Kruse, & Kern, 2007). One innovative and interdisciplinary science field currently under investigation is nanoscale science and engineering (NSE) due to its emerging prominence in society, the need to help students gain entry into the job market, and the need to educate informed citizens. As teachers and science educators begin to incorporate nanoscale science and engineering concepts into existing science curricula, many factors will influence the incorporation of the NSE concepts. This study was specifically designed to examine how middle- and high-school teachers incorporated NSE lessons into their current curricula and the factors that influenced how these lessons were incorporated. Interviews were the primary data source for this study, with teachers' reflective narratives and classroom observations contributing to the data. The constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Patton, 2002) was used in analyzing the data to determine the themes that emerged. The results of this study demonstrated that although teachers indicated many factors that influenced their decision to incorporate NSE into the curriculum. Teachers' content knowledge, teachers' beliefs about student abilities, and teachers' beliefs about the fit of NSE lessons to the current science curriculum were the most influential factors in determining the way teachers' incorporated NSE lessons. If teachers did not have the content knowledge nor were confident in their content knowledge, NSE incorporation did not occur

  19. 40 CFR 432.5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... material in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. This material is incorporated as it exists... Chromatography” (Revision 2.1) found in “Methods for the Determination of Inorganic Substances in...

  20. Creating clinical trial designs that incorporate clinical outcome assessments.

    PubMed

    Gilbert, Mark R; Rubinstein, Lawrence; Lesser, Glenn

    2016-03-01

    Clinical outcome assessments (COAs) are increasingly being used in determining the efficacy of new treatment regimens. This was typified in the recent use of a symptom-based instrument combined with an organ-based measure of response for the approval of ruxolitinib in myelofibrosis. There are challenges in incorporating these COAs into clinical trials, including designating the level of priority, incorporating these measures into a combined or composite endpoint, and dealing with issues related to compliance and interpretation of results accounting for missing data. This article describes the results of a recent panel discussion that attempted to address these issues and provide guidance to the incorporation of COAs into clinical trials, including novel statistical designs, so that the testing of new treatments in patients with cancers of the central nervous system can incorporate these important clinical endpoints. PMID:26989129

  1. Incorporating modern OpenGL into computer graphics education.

    PubMed

    Reina, Guido; Muller, Thomas; Ertl, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    University of Stuttgart educators have updated three computer science courses to incorporate forward-compatible OpenGL. To help students, they developed an educational framework that abstracts some of modern OpenGL's difficult aspects.

  2. 30 CFR 285.115 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF General Provisions... this incorporation by reference according to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (1) The MMS...

  3. 46 CFR 62.05-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... AUTOMATION Reference Specifications § 62.05-1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  4. 46 CFR 62.05-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... AUTOMATION Reference Specifications § 62.05-1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  5. 46 CFR 62.05-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... AUTOMATION Reference Specifications § 62.05-1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  6. 46 CFR 62.05-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... AUTOMATION Reference Specifications § 62.05-1 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  7. Incorporating cost-benefit analyses into software assurance planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, M. S.; Sigal, B.; Cornford, S. L.; Hutchinson, P.

    2001-01-01

    The objective is to use cost-benefit analyses to identify, for a given project, optimal sets of software assurance activities. Towards this end we have incorporated cost-benefit calculations into a risk management framework.

  8. 30 CFR 77.403-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... MINES Safeguards for Mechanical Equipment § 77.403-2 Incorporation by reference. In accordance with 5 U..., Engineering and Research Center, Denver, Colorado. SAE documents are available from the Society of...

  9. Incorporating Political Socialization Theory into Baccalaureate Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Sandra Godman

    1996-01-01

    Nurses must incorporate a political component into their professional role identity to meet the future challenges of the health care system. Political socialization theory can assist faculty in adding a political thread to the curriculum. (SK)

  10. Polyuridylic Acid-directed Phenylalanine Incorporation in Minicell Extracts

    PubMed Central

    Fralick, J. A.; Fisher, W. D.; Adler, H. I.

    1969-01-01

    Cell-free extracts of miniature Escherichia coli cells deficient in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and DNA-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerase have been shown to be capable of polyuridylic acid-directed [14C]phenylalanine incorporation. PMID:4897117

  11. 33 CFR 96.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... incorporated by reference into this subpart under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition... Maritime Organization IMO—4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR, United Kingdom. Resolution...

  12. 33 CFR 96.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... incorporated by reference into this subpart under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition... Maritime Organization IMO—4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR, United Kingdom. Resolution...

  13. 33 CFR 96.130 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... incorporated by reference into this subpart under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition... Maritime Organization IMO—4 Albert Embankment, London, SE1 7SR, United Kingdom. Resolution...

  14. 30 CFR 250.198 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... reference according to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (1) Incorporation by reference of a document is... Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration, Second Edition, December 2002; reaffirmed...

  15. 30 CFR 250.198 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... reference according to 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (1) Incorporation by reference of a document is... Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration, Second Edition, December 2002; reaffirmed...

  16. 12 CFR 611.1135 - Incorporation of service corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... completed application, we will issue a charter for your service corporation as a corporate body and a...) Reason(s) for the amendment; (iii) Language of the articles of incorporation provision, as amended;...

  17. 12 CFR 611.1135 - Incorporation of service corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... completed application, we will issue a charter for your service corporation as a corporate body and a...) Reason(s) for the amendment; (iii) Language of the articles of incorporation provision, as amended;...

  18. 40 CFR 63.841 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... October 7, 1997, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as...://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. The materials...

  19. 46 CFR 2.45-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... INSPECTIONS Classification Society Activities § 2.45-5 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  20. 46 CFR 2.45-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... INSPECTIONS Classification Society Activities § 2.45-5 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  1. 46 CFR 2.45-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the... INSPECTIONS Classification Society Activities § 2.45-5 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain material...

  2. Incorporating Information Literacy Skills into Analytical Chemistry: An Evolutionary Step

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walczak, Mary M.; Jackson, Paul T.

    2007-01-01

    The American Chemical Society (ACS) has recently decided to incorporate various information literacy skills for teaching analytical chemistry to the students. The methodology has been found to be extremely effective, as it provides better understanding to the students.

  3. 10 CFR 431.95 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (b) of this section for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... International Organization for Standardization, Case Postale 56, CH-1211, Geneva 20, Switzerland....

  4. 49 CFR 572.160 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department... complete dummy assembly; (iii) Drawing No. 167-2020, Revision A, Spine Box Weight, incorporated...

  5. 49 CFR 572.160 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department... complete dummy assembly; (iii) Drawing No. 167-2020, Revision A, Spine Box Weight, incorporated...

  6. 49 CFR 572.160 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department... complete dummy assembly; (iii) Drawing No. 167-2020, Revision A, Spine Box Weight, incorporated...

  7. 46 CFR 197.510 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than the one listed in... STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.510 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain materials...

  8. 46 CFR 197.510 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than the one listed in... STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.510 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain materials...

  9. 46 CFR 197.510 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than the one listed in... STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.510 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain materials...

  10. 46 CFR 197.510 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than the one listed in... STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.510 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain materials...

  11. 46 CFR 197.510 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than the one listed in... STANDARDS GENERAL PROVISIONS Benzene § 197.510 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain materials...

  12. 46 CFR 105.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), incorporation by reference... the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than...

  13. 46 CFR 30.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), incorporation by reference approved for... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51....

  14. 46 CFR 105.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), incorporation by reference... the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than...

  15. 46 CFR 30.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), incorporation by reference approved for... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51....

  16. 46 CFR 105.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), incorporation by reference... the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than...

  17. Incorporating Telecommunication Technologies in the Classroom: Methodologies and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szul, Linda F.; Buttermore, Manda

    2002-01-01

    Specifies ways to prepare the learning environment for using technology. Describes business class projects incorporating telecommunications: developing career essays, making career decisions, becoming an entrepreneur, and playing Extreme Sports Web Quest. (SK)

  18. 46. Photograph of a published page. 'OPERATIONS IN INCORPORATION BUILDINGS: ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    46. Photograph of a published page. 'OPERATIONS IN INCORPORATION BUILDINGS: HOLSTON DEFENSE CORPORATION. 'HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT.' Page 17. (no date). - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  19. 6.3 Incorporating Susceptibility Information into Cumulative Risk Assessment

    EPA Science Inventory

    In recent years, there has been an increased focus on understanding the differential health effects of environmental chemical exposures and on incorporating this information into risk assessments for environmental chemicals. Susceptibility is defined as increased likelihood of an...

  20. 45 CFR 170.599 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION SPECIFICATIONS, AND CERTIFICATION CRITERIA AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Permanent Certification Program for HIT § 170.599 Incorporation... Operating Product Certification Systems (First Edition), 1996, IBR approved for § 170.503. (3)...

  1. 40 CFR 63.1502 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the final rule in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. This material is incorporated as... Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, NTIS no. PB 90-145756....

  2. 47 CFR 79.100 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51... CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.100 Incorporation by reference. (a) The...

  3. 47 CFR 79.100 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51... ACCESSIBILITY OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING Apparatus § 79.100 Incorporation by reference. (a) The materials listed...

  4. 47 CFR 79.100 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51... CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.100 Incorporation by reference. (a) The...

  5. 1. SHAFT HOUSE, NORTH ELEVATION; (HEADFRAME INCORPORATED INTO THE STRUCTURE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. SHAFT HOUSE, NORTH ELEVATION; (HEADFRAME INCORPORATED INTO THE STRUCTURE IS VISIBLE AS THE PROJECTING SUPERSTRUCTURE). - Joker Mine, Shafthouse, Medicine Bow National Forest, Northwest of Keystone, Keystone, Albany County, WY

  6. 47 CFR 76.602 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and... for Home Networking,” 2003, IBR approved for § 76.640. (7) SCTE 40 2003 (formerly DVS 313),...

  7. DigitalGlobe(TM) Incorporated Corporate and System Update

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomassie, Brett

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes a system update of Quickbird, the world's highest resolution commercial imaging satellite, operated by DigitalGlobe (TM) Incorporated. A satellite comparison of Quickbird, WorldView-60, and WorldView-110 is also presented.

  8. 40 CFR 63.841 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... October 7, 1997, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as...://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. The materials...

  9. 40 CFR 1502.21 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of the action. The incorporated material shall be cited in the statement and its content briefly... potentially interested persons within the time allowed for comment. Material based on proprietary data...

  10. 40 CFR 1502.21 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of the action. The incorporated material shall be cited in the statement and its content briefly... potentially interested persons within the time allowed for comment. Material based on proprietary data...

  11. ENHANCEMENT OF STRUCTURAL FOAM MATERIALS BY INCORPORATION OF GASIFIER SLAG

    SciTech Connect

    Olin Perry Norton; Ronald A. Palmer; W. Gene Ramsey

    2006-03-15

    As advanced gasification technology is increasingly adopted as an energy source, disposal of the resulting slag will become a problem. We have shown that gasifier slag can be incorporated into foamed glass, which is currently being manufactured as an abrasive and as an insulating material. The slag we add to foamed glass does not simply act as filler, but improves the mechanical properties of the product. Incorporation of gasifier slag can make foamed glass stronger and more abrasion resistant.

  12. Evaluation of the Incorporation of Uranium into Sodium Aluminosilicate Phases

    SciTech Connect

    Oji, L.N.

    2003-03-26

    This report describes batch laboratory experiments performed to determine the relative amounts of uranium incorporated in aluminosilicate structures during synthesis. The findings summarized here are based on laboratory experiments, which involved the synthesis of sodium aluminosilicates (NAS) structures, amorphous, zeolites A and sodalite phases in the presence of depleted uranium and the analytical search for incorporated uranium in NAS internal structures after synthesis. These studies will support the basis for continued operation of evaporators at the Savannah River Site (SRS).

  13. Stability evaluation of Styrylpyrone derivative (SPD) incorporated products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahtiar, Adibah Ahamad; Nor, Norefrina Shafinaz Md.; Ibrahim, Nazlina

    2015-09-01

    Styrylpyrone derivative (SPD) from Goniothalamus umbrosus has been shown to have antiviral properties against Herpes Simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1). This study aimed to evaluate the purity of isolated SPD and stability of SPD-incorporated formulations. Pure SPD was isolated from dried roots of G. umbrosus as confirmed by GC-MS. Two types of SPD-incorporated products (ointment and gel) were produced. Both products showed stable physical properties after two months and retained the SPD content for one month.

  14. Incorporation of bacterial extracellular polysaccharide by black fly larvae (Simuliidae)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Couch, C.A.; Meyer, J.L.; Hall, R.O.

    1996-01-01

    Black fly larvae (Simulium) assimilated, with high efficiency (80-90%), bacterial extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) extracted from laboratory cultures of a pseudomonad isolated from the Ogeechee River. Incorporation was traced using 13C-labelled EPS offered to larvae as a coating on a mixture of 1-??m latex beads and kaolin particles. These EPS-coated particles were used to simulate natural particles, both living and dead. Solubility, protein, and nitrogen content of the EPS suggested it was a slime rather than a capsular polysaccharide. Glycosyl composition of the EPS was glucose and galactose in ?? and ?? linkages, with pyruvate, succinate, and possibly malonate constituent groups. To evaluate the incorporation of C derived from protein associated with the EPS matrix, feeding experiments were conducted using EPS with and without proteins extracted. Black fly larvae incorporated 7.2 ??g EPS C larva-1 d-1 from EPS that did not have proteins extracted, and 19.5 ??g EPS C larva-1 d-1 from EPS with proteins extracted. Carbon in protein that is typically associated with EPS was not solely or selectively incorporated. EPS incorporation rates are similar to rates of cellular bacterial carbon incorporation previously estimated for Ogeechee River black fly larvae. If EPS is generally available as a food resource, the importance of bacteria in detrital food webs may be underestimated by studies that examine only the consumption of bacterial cells.

  15. Dopant Incorporation Efficiency in CVD Silicon Carbide Epilayers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larkin, D. J.

    1996-01-01

    In order to ensure reproducible and reliable SiC semiconductor device characteristics, controlled dopant incorporation must be accomplished. Some of the many factors which greatly influence dopant incorporation are the site-competition effect, SiC(0001) substrate polarity, substrate temperature, and the dopant-source reactor concentration. In this paper, dopant incorporation is considered and compared for various dopants in the context of dopant incorporation efficiency. By using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), the relative dopant incorporation efficiencies were calculated by dividing the SIMS determined dopant concentration in the resulting epitaxial layer by the intentional gas phase dopant concentration used during the SiC CVD. Specifically, the relative magnitudes of dopant incorporation efficiencies for nitrogen, phosphorus, and boron in 6H-SiC (0001) Si-face epitaxial layers are compared as a function of the site-competition effect and the dopant-source reactor concentrations. This serves as a first approximation for comparison of the relative 'doping potencies' of some common dopants used in SiC CVD epitaxial growth.

  16. Quantum-mechanical evaluation of Np-incorporation into studtite

    SciTech Connect

    Shuller, Lindsay C.; Ewing, Rodney C.; Becker, Udo

    2010-08-05

    Radionuclide incorporation into the alteration products of corroded UO2 in used nuclear fuel may control the release and mobility of key radionuclides, such as the very long-lived minor actinide, 237Np (τ ½ = 2.1 Ma). Studtite, [UO2(O2)(H2O)2](H2O)2, may form in the presence of peroxide produced by radiolysis of water in contact with the spent fuel. Experiments have indicated that the studtite structure can incorporate Np; however, due to the low concentrations in the solid, the incorporation mechanism could not be determined. In this study, density functional theory is used to calculate an optimized structure, determine the electronic density of states, and calculate the energetics of the incorporation of Np 6+ vs. Np5++H+ into the studtite structure. The definition of the source/sink phase (reference phase) for the cations involved in the incorporation process greatly affects the final incorporation energy. The incorporation energy of Np into studtite based on the 4+ oxide reference phases (e.g., source/sink = NpO2/UO2) results in lower incorporation energies (-0.07 and 0.63 eV for Np6+ and Np5+ incorporation, respectively) than the incorporation energy calculated using higher-oxide reference phases (e.g., Np2O5/UO3), where the incorporation energies for Np5+ and Np5+ into studtite are 0.42 and 1.12 eV, respectively. In addition, Np6+-incorporation into studtite is energetically more favorable than Np5+-incorporation as assessed from the lower incorporation energy. Estimates of the solid-solution behavior from a combination of quantum-mechanical calculations and Monte-Carlo simulations indicate that the Np6+- and U6+-studtite solid solution is completely miscible at room temperature with

  17. Np Incorporation into Uranyl Alteration Phases: A Quantum Mechanical Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Shuller, Lindsay; Ewing, Rodney C. |; Becker, Udo

    2007-07-01

    Neptunium is a major contributor to the long-term radioactivity in a geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) due to its long half-life (2.1 million years). The mobility of Np may be decreased by its incorporation into the U{sup 6+} phases that form during the corrosion of SNF. The ionic radii of Np{sup 5+} (0.089 nm) and U{sup 6+} (0.087 nm) are similar, as is their chemistry. Experimental studies have shown that Np can be incorporated into uranyl phases up to concentrations on the order of 100 ppm. The low concentration of Np in the uranyl phases complicates experimental detection and presents a significant challenge for determining the incorporation mechanism. Therefore, we have used quantum mechanical calculations to investigate incorporation mechanisms and evaluate the energetics of Np substituting for U. CASTEP, a density functional theory based code that uses plane waves to model the behavior of the valence electrons and pseudo-potentials to model the behavior of the core and inner valence electrons, was used to calculate optimal H positions, relaxed geometry, and the energy of different uranyl phases. The incorporation energy for Np into uranyl alteration phases was calculated for studtite, [(UO{sub 2})O{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}](H{sub 2}O){sub 2}, and boltwoodite, HK(UO{sub 2})(SiO{sub 4}) 1.5(H{sub 2}O). Studtite is the rare case of a stable, naturally-occurring peroxide mineral, in this case a uranyl hydroxyl peroxide that forms in the presence of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} from the radiolysis of H{sub 2}O. For studtite, two incorporation mechanisms were evaluated: (1) charge-balanced substitution of Np{sup 5+} and H{sup +} for one U{sup 6+}, and (2) direct substitution of Np{sup 6+} for U{sup 6+}. For boltwoodite, the H atomic positions prior to Np incorporation were determined, as well as the Np incorporation mechanisms and the corresponding substitution energies. The preferential incorporation of Np into different structure types of U{sup 6+} minerals

  18. Incorporation of mammalian actin into microfilaments in plant cell nucleus

    PubMed Central

    Paves, Heiti; Truve, Erkki

    2004-01-01

    Background Actin is an ancient molecule that shows more than 90% amino acid homology between mammalian and plant actins. The regions of the actin molecule that are involved in F-actin assembly are largely conserved, and it is likely that mammalian actin is able to incorporate into microfilaments in plant cells but there is no experimental evidence until now. Results Visualization of microfilaments in onion bulb scale epidermis cells by different techniques revealed that rhodamine-phalloidin stained F-actin besides cytoplasm also in the nuclei whereas GFP-mouse talin hybrid protein did not enter the nuclei. Microinjection of fluorescently labeled actin was applied to study the presence of nuclear microfilaments in plant cells. Ratio imaging of injected fluorescent rabbit skeletal muscle actin and phalloidin staining of the microinjected cells showed that mammalian actin was able to incorporate into plant F-actin. The incorporation occurred preferentially in the nucleus and in the perinuclear region of plant cells whereas part of plant microfilaments, mostly in the periphery of cytoplasm, did not incorporate mammalian actin. Conclusions Microinjected mammalian actin is able to enter plant cell's nucleus, whereas incorporation of mammalian actin into plant F-actin occurs preferentially in the nucleus and perinuclear area. PMID:15102327

  19. Incorporation of Uranium into Hematite during Crystallization from Ferrihydrite

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Ferrihydrite was exposed to U(VI)-containing cement leachate (pH 10.5) and aged to induce crystallization of hematite. A combination of chemical extractions, TEM, and XAS techniques provided the first evidence that adsorbed U(VI) (≈3000 ppm) was incorporated into hematite during ferrihydrite aggregation and the early stages of crystallization, with continued uptake occurring during hematite ripening. Analysis of EXAFS and XANES data indicated that the U(VI) was incorporated into a distorted, octahedrally coordinated site replacing Fe(III). Fitting of the EXAFS showed the uranyl bonds lengthened from 1.81 to 1.87 Å, in contrast to previous studies that have suggested that the uranyl bond is lost altogether upon incorporation into hematite. The results of this study both provide a new mechanistic understanding of uranium incorporation into hematite and define the nature of the bonding environment of uranium within the mineral structure. Immobilization of U(VI) by incorporation into hematite has clear and important implications for limiting uranium migration in natural and engineered environments. PMID:24580024

  20. Incorporation of reporter-labeled nucleotides by DNA polymerases.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Jon P; Angerer, Bernhard; Loeb, Lawrence A

    2005-02-01

    The incorporation of fluorescently labeled nucleotides into DNA by DNA polymerases has been used extensively for tagging genes and for labeling DNA. However, we lack studies comparing polymerase efficiencies for incorporating different fluorescently labeled nucleotides. We analyzed the incorporation of fluorescent deoxynucleoside triphosphates by 10 different DNA polymerases, representing a cross-section of DNA polymerases from families A, B, and reverse transcriptase. The substitution of one or more different reporter-labeled nucleotides for the cognate nucleotides was initially investigated by using an in vitro polymerase extension filter-binding assay with natural DNA as a template. Further analysis on longer DNA fragments containing one or more nucleotide analogs was performed using a newly developed extension cut assay. The results indicate that incorporation of fluorescent nucleotides is dependent on the DNA polymerase, fluorophore, linker between the nucleotide and the fluorophore, and position for attachment of the linker and the cognate nucleotide. Of the polymerases tested, Taq and Vent exo DNA polymerases were most efficient at incorporating a variety of fluorescently labeled nucleotides. This study suggests that it should be feasible to copy DNA with reactions mixtures that contain all four fluorescently labeled nucleotides allowing for high-density labeling of DNA. PMID:15727132

  1. Incorporation of Uranium into Hematite during crystallization from ferrihydrite.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Timothy A; Morris, Katherine; Law, Gareth T W; Livens, Francis R; Mosselmans, J Frederick W; Bots, Pieter; Shaw, Samuel

    2014-04-01

    Ferrihydrite was exposed to U(VI)-containing cement leachate (pH 10.5) and aged to induce crystallization of hematite. A combination of chemical extractions, TEM, and XAS techniques provided the first evidence that adsorbed U(VI) (≈3000 ppm) was incorporated into hematite during ferrihydrite aggregation and the early stages of crystallization, with continued uptake occurring during hematite ripening. Analysis of EXAFS and XANES data indicated that the U(VI) was incorporated into a distorted, octahedrally coordinated site replacing Fe(III). Fitting of the EXAFS showed the uranyl bonds lengthened from 1.81 to 1.87 Å, in contrast to previous studies that have suggested that the uranyl bond is lost altogether upon incorporation into hematite. The results of this study both provide a new mechanistic understanding of uranium incorporation into hematite and define the nature of the bonding environment of uranium within the mineral structure. Immobilization of U(VI) by incorporation into hematite has clear and important implications for limiting uranium migration in natural and engineered environments.

  2. Thermodynamics and kinetics of protein incorporation into membranes.

    PubMed Central

    Jähnig, F

    1983-01-01

    The free energy and enthalpy of protein incorporation into membranes are calculated with special emphasis on the hitherto neglected effects of immobilization of protein and perturbation of lipid order in the membrane. The free energy change is found to be determined by the hydrophobic effect as the driving force for incorporation and the protein immobilization effect which leads to a considerable reduction of the free energy gained from the hydrophobic effect. For incorporation of a hydrophobic, bilayer-spanning alpha-helix, the free energy change obtained is of the order of -15 kcal/mol (1 cal = 4.184 J) in agreement with experimental results. The lipid perturbation effect yields only a small contribution to the free energy change due to an energy/entropy compensation inherent in lipid order. This effect dominates the enthalpy change, giving rise to values on the order of 100 kcal/mol with a pronounced temperature dependence around the lipid phase transition as observed experimentally. The kinetics of protein incorporation are even more strongly affected by the lipid perturbation effect, leading to an abrupt decrease of the rate of incorporation below the lipid phase transition. PMID:6574506

  3. Broader incorporation of bioinformatics in education: opportunities and challenges.

    PubMed

    Cummings, Michael P; Temple, Glena G

    2010-11-01

    The major opportunities for broader incorporation of bioinformatics in education can be placed into three general categories: general applicability of bioinformatics in life science and related curricula; inherent fit of bioinformatics for promoting student learning in most biology programs; and the general experience and associated comfort students have with computers and technology. Conversely, the major challenges for broader incorporation of bioinformatics in education can be placed into three general categories: required infrastructure and logistics; instructor knowledge of bioinformatics and continuing education; and the breadth of bioinformatics, and the diversity of students and educational objectives. Broader incorporation of bioinformatics at all education levels requires overcoming the challenges to using transformative computer-requiring learning activities, assisting faculty in collecting assessment data on mastery of student learning outcomes, as well as creating more faculty development opportunities that span diverse skill levels, with an emphasis placed on providing resource materials that are kept up-to-date as the field and tools change.

  4. Retroviral env glycoprotein trafficking and incorporation into virions.

    PubMed

    Murakami, Tsutomu

    2012-01-01

    Together with the Gag protein, the Env glycoprotein is a major retroviral structural protein and is essential for forming infectious virus particles. Env is synthesized, processed, and transported to certain microdomains at the plasma membrane and takes advantage of the same host machinery for its trafficking as that used by cellular glycoproteins. Incorporation of Env into progeny virions is probably mediated by the interaction between Env and Gag, in some cases with the additional involvement of certain host factors. Although several general models have been proposed to explain the incorporation of retroviral Env glycoproteins into virions, the actual mechanism for this process is still unclear, partly because structural data on the Env protein cytoplasmic tail is lacking. This paper presents the current understanding of the synthesis, trafficking, and virion incorporation of retroviral Env proteins.

  5. Immediate tool incorporation processes determine human motor planning with tools.

    PubMed

    Ganesh, G; Yoshioka, T; Osu, R; Ikegami, T

    2014-01-01

    Human dexterity with tools is believed to stem from our ability to incorporate and use tools as parts of our body. However tool incorporation, evident as extensions in our body representation and peri-personal space, has been observed predominantly after extended tool exposures and does not explain our immediate motor behaviours when we change tools. Here we utilize two novel experiments to elucidate the presence of additional immediate tool incorporation effects that determine motor planning with tools. Interestingly, tools were observed to immediately induce a trial-by-trial, tool length dependent shortening of the perceived limb lengths, opposite to observations of elongations after extended tool use. Our results thus exhibit that tools induce a dual effect on our body representation; an immediate shortening that critically affects motor planning with a new tool, and the slow elongation, probably a consequence of skill related changes in sensory-motor mappings with the repeated use of the tool. PMID:25077612

  6. Incorporation of metal nanoparticles into wood substrate and methods

    DOEpatents

    Rector, Kirk D; Lucas, Marcel

    2015-11-04

    Metal nanoparticles were incorporated into wood. Ionic liquids were used to expand the wood cell wall structure for nanoparticle incorporation into the cell wall structure. Nanoparticles of elemental gold or silver were found to be effective surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) imaging contrast or sensing agents. Nanoparticles of elemental iron were found to be efficient microwave absorbers and caused localized heating for disrupting the integrity of the lignocellulosic matrix. Controls suggest that the localized heating around the iron nanoparticles reduces losses of cellulose in the form of water, volatiles and CO.sub.2. The ionic liquid is needed during the incorporation process at room temperature. The use of small amounts of ionic liquid combined with the absence of an ionic liquid purification step and a lower energy and water use are expected to reduce costs in an up-scaled pretreatment process.

  7. Isotopic Incorporation Rates and Discrimination Factors in Mantis Shrimp Crustaceans

    PubMed Central

    deVries, Maya S.; del Rio, Carlos Martínez; Tunstall, Tate S.; Dawson, Todd E.

    2015-01-01

    Stable isotope analysis has provided insights into the trophic ecology of a wide diversity of animals. Knowledge about isotopic incorporation rates and isotopic discrimination between the consumer and its diet for different tissue types is essential for interpreting stable isotope data, but these parameters remain understudied in many animal taxa and particularly in aquatic invertebrates. We performed a 292-day diet shift experiment on 92 individuals of the predatory mantis shrimp, Neogonodactylus bredini, to quantify carbon and nitrogen incorporation rates and isotope discrimination factors in muscle and hemolymph tissues. Average isotopic discrimination factors between mantis shrimp muscle and the new diet were 3.0 ± 0.6 ‰ and 0.9 ± 0.3 ‰ for carbon and nitrogen, respectively, which is contrary to what is seen in many other animals (e.g. C and N discrimination is generally 0–1 ‰ and 3–4 ‰, respectively). Surprisingly, the average residence time of nitrogen in hemolymph (28.9 ± 8.3 days) was over 8 times longer than that of carbon (3.4 ± 1.4 days). In muscle, the average residence times of carbon and nitrogen were of the same magnitude (89.3 ± 44.4 and 72.8 ± 18.8 days, respectively). We compared the mantis shrimps’ incorporation rates, along with rates from four other invertebrate taxa from the literature, to those predicted by an allometric equation relating carbon incorporation rate to body mass that was developed for teleost fishes and sharks. The rate of carbon incorporation into muscle was consistent with rates predicted by this equation. Our findings provide new insight into isotopic discrimination factors and incorporation rates in invertebrates with the former showing a different trend than what is commonly observed in other animals. PMID:25835953

  8. Incorporation of tryptophan analogues into the lantibiotic nisin.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Liang; Shao, Jinfeng; Li, Qian; van Heel, Auke J; de Vries, Marcel P; Broos, Jaap; Kuipers, Oscar P

    2016-05-01

    Lantibiotics are posttranslationally modified peptides with efficient inhibitory activity against various Gram-positive bacteria. In addition to the original modifications, incorporation of non-canonical amino acids can render new properties and functions to lantibiotics. Nisin is the most studied lantibiotic and contains no tryptophan residues. In this study, a system was constructed to incorporate tryptophan analogues into nisin, which included the modification machinery (NisBTC) and the overexpression of tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (TrpRS). Tryptophan and three different tryptophan analogues (5-fluoroTrp (5FW), 5-hydroxyTrp (5HW) and 5-methylTrp (5MeW)) were successfully incorporated at four different positions of nisin (I1W, I4W, M17W and V32W). The incorporation efficiency of tryptophan analogues into mutants I1W, M17W and V32W was over 97 %, while the mutant I4W showed relatively low incorporation efficiency (69-93 %). The variants with 5FW showed relatively higher production yield, while 5MeW-containing variants showed the lowest yield. The dehydration efficiency of serines or threonines was affected by the tryptophan mutants of I4W and V32W. The affinity of the peptides for the cation-ion exchange and reverse phase chromatography columns was significantly reduced when 5HW was incorporated. The antimicrobial activity of IIW and its 5FW analogue both decreased two times compared to that of nisin, while that of its 5HW analogue decreased four times. The 5FW analogue of I4W also showed two times decreased activity than nisin. However, the mutant M17W and its 5HW analogue both showed 32 times reduced activity relative to that of nisin.

  9. Incorporation of Nicotine into Silicone Coatings for Marine Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaramillo, Sandy Tuyet

    PDMS-based marine coatings presently used are limited by their inability to mitigate microfouling which limits their application to high speed vessels. PDMS coatings are favored when viable, due to their foul release properties of macrofouling organisms. Natural products have been investigated for antifouling properties for potential use in these marine antifouling coatings but few have incorporated natural products into coatings or coating systems. The purpose of the research was to establish the corrosion inhibiting properties of nicotine and to incorporate nicotine, a biodegradable and readily available natural product, into a PDMS coating to demonstrate the use of a natural product in a coating for marine applications. The corrosion inhibiting properties of nicotine was examined using potentiodynamic polarization scans, material characterization techniques such as scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, quartz crystal microbalance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Nicotine was determined to be an anodic corrosion inhibitor for mild steel immersed in simulated seawater with the ability to precipitate a protective calcium carbonate film. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to evaluate the performance of the developed nicotine incorporated coatings on mild steel immersed in simulated seawater over 21 days of immersion. The coatings with 2 wt.% of nicotine incorporated in the coating with a ratio of 1:30 of additional platinum catalyst to nicotine exhibited the best performance for intact coatings. This coating had the most favorable balance of the amount of nicotine and platinum catalyst of all the coatings evaluated. Overall, all nicotine incorporated coatings had a performance improvement when compared to the control PDMS coating. Of the nicotine incorporated coatings that were tested with an artificial pin-hole defect, the 2PDMS coating also exhibited the best performance with significant

  10. Isotopic incorporation rates and discrimination factors in mantis shrimp crustaceans.

    PubMed

    deVries, Maya S; Del Rio, Carlos Martínez; Tunstall, Tate S; Dawson, Todd E

    2015-01-01

    Stable isotope analysis has provided insights into the trophic ecology of a wide diversity of animals. Knowledge about isotopic incorporation rates and isotopic discrimination between the consumer and its diet for different tissue types is essential for interpreting stable isotope data, but these parameters remain understudied in many animal taxa and particularly in aquatic invertebrates. We performed a 292-day diet shift experiment on 92 individuals of the predatory mantis shrimp, Neogonodactylus bredini, to quantify carbon and nitrogen incorporation rates and isotope discrimination factors in muscle and hemolymph tissues. Average isotopic discrimination factors between mantis shrimp muscle and the new diet were 3.0 ± 0.6 ‰ and 0.9 ± 0.3 ‰ for carbon and nitrogen, respectively, which is contrary to what is seen in many other animals (e.g. C and N discrimination is generally 0-1 ‰ and 3-4 ‰, respectively). Surprisingly, the average residence time of nitrogen in hemolymph (28.9 ± 8.3 days) was over 8 times longer than that of carbon (3.4 ± 1.4 days). In muscle, the average residence times of carbon and nitrogen were of the same magnitude (89.3 ± 44.4 and 72.8 ± 18.8 days, respectively). We compared the mantis shrimps' incorporation rates, along with rates from four other invertebrate taxa from the literature, to those predicted by an allometric equation relating carbon incorporation rate to body mass that was developed for teleost fishes and sharks. The rate of carbon incorporation into muscle was consistent with rates predicted by this equation. Our findings provide new insight into isotopic discrimination factors and incorporation rates in invertebrates with the former showing a different trend than what is commonly observed in other animals. PMID:25835953

  11. Development of Approaches for Deuterium Incorporation in Plants

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, Barbara R

    2015-01-01

    Soon after the discovery of deuterium, efforts to utilize this stable isotope of hydrogen for labeling of plants began and have proven successful for natural abundance to 20% enrichment. However, isotopic labeling with deuterium (2H) in higher plants at the level of 40% and higher is complicated by both physiological responses, particularly water exchange through transpiration, and inhibitory effects of D2O on germination, rooting, and growth. The highest incorporation of 40 50% had been reported for photoheterotrophic cultivation of the duckweed Lemna. Higher substitution is desirable for certain applications using neutron scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. 1H2H-NMR and mass spectroscopy are standard methods frequently used for determination of location and amount of deuterium substitution. The changes in infrared (IR) absorption observed for H to D substitution in hydroxyl and alkyl groups provide rapid initial evaluation of incorporation. Short-term experiments with cold-tolerant annual grasses can be carried out in enclosed growth containers to evaluate incorporation. Growth in individual chambers under continuous air perfusion with dried sterile-filtered air enables long-term cultivation of multiple plants at different D2O concentrations. Vegetative propagation from cuttings extends capabilities to species with low germination rates. Cultivation in 50% D2O of annual ryegrass and switchgrass following establishment of roots by growth in H2O produces samples with normal morphology and 30 40 % deuterium incorporation in the biomass. Winter grain rye (Secale cereale) was found to efficiently incorporate deuterium by photosynthetic fixation from 50% D2O but did not incorporate deuterated phenylalanine-d8 from the growth medium.

  12. "Violent Intent Modeling: Incorporating Cultural Knowledge into the Analytical Process

    SciTech Connect

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Nibbs, Faith G.

    2007-08-24

    While culture has a significant effect on the appropriate interpretation of textual data, the incorporation of cultural considerations into data transformations has not been systematic. Recognizing that the successful prevention of terrorist activities could hinge on the knowledge of the subcultures, Anthropologist and DHS intern Faith Nibbs has been addressing the need to incorporate cultural knowledge into the analytical process. In this Brown Bag she will present how cultural ideology is being used to understand how the rhetoric of group leaders influences the likelihood of their constituents to engage in violent or radicalized behavior, and how violent intent modeling can benefit from understanding that process.

  13. Incorporating Technetium in Minerals and Other Solids: A Review

    SciTech Connect

    Luksic, Steven A.; Riley, Brian J.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Hrma, Pavel R.

    2015-08-29

    Technetium (Tc) can be incorporated into a number of different solids including spinel, sodalite, rutile, tin dioxide, pyrochlore, perovskite, goethite, layered double hydroxides, cements, and alloys. Synthetic routes are possible for each of these phases, ranging from high temperature ceramic sintering to ball-milling of constituent oxides. However, in practice, Tc has only been incorporated into solid materials by a limited number of the possible syntheses. Reviewing the diverse ways in which Tc-immobilizing materials can be made shows the range of options available.

  14. Cytoplasmic incorporation of a ribonucleic acid precursor in Amoeba proteus.

    PubMed

    PLAUT, W; RUSTAD, R C

    1957-07-25

    The question of RNA synthesis in enucleate cytoplasm of Amoeba has been approached experimentally by incubating enucleate amoebae in a labelled RNA precursor and determining the incorporation into RNA autoradiographically. The results indicate that there is a cytoplasmic incorporation mechanism which can operate in the absence of the nucleus. A comparison is made between Acetabularia and Amoeba with respect to the origins of cytoplasmic RNA. It is concluded that the existing data are consistent with the assumption that some cytoplasmic RNA is of nuclear origin in both organisms.

  15. Incorporating nursing theory into a nursing department strategic plan.

    PubMed

    Brooks, B A; Rosenberg, S

    1995-01-01

    Corporations, including health care organizations, have used the strategic planning process as a means to plan, coordinate, and direct activities of the organization. Research has shown that nursing departments that conduct strategic planning perform better. But few nursing departments develop strategic plans. Our nursing department recently developed a strategic plan, but the unique aspect of our department's plan is the incorporation of nursing theory. This article will review the strategic planning process, describe the selection of a nursing theory to incorporate into a nursing department strategic plan, and give examples of the integration of strategic planning and nursing theory.

  16. Dark pulse generation in fiber lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Liu, H H; Chow, K K

    2014-12-01

    We demonstrate the generation of dark pulses from carbon nanotube (CNT) incorporated erbium-doped fiber ring lasers with net anomalous dispersion. A side-polished fiber coated with CNT layer by optically-driven deposition method is embedded into the laser in order to enhance the birefringence and nonlinearity of the laser cavity. The dual-wavelength domain-wall dark pulses are obtained from the developed CNT-incorporated fiber laser at a relatively low pump threshold of 50.6 mW. Dark pulses repeated at the fifth-order harmonic of the fundamental cavity frequency are observed by adjusting the intra-cavity polarization state.

  17. Incorporating compliant elastomers for jumping locomotion in microrobots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerratt, Aaron P.; Bergbreiter, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Small insects and other animals use a multitude of materials to realize specific functions, including locomotion. This paper demonstrates application of the first microfabrication process to incorporate high aspect ratio compliant elastomer structures in-plane with traditional silicon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). By incorporating these new materials, compact energy storage systems based on elastomer springs for small jumping robots have been demonstrated. Results include a 4 mm×4 mm jumping mechanism that has reached heights of 32 cm, × 80 its own height, and an on-chip actuated mechanism that has been used to propel a 1.4 mg projectile over 7 cm.

  18. Controlled release of diclofenac sodium in glycolipid incorporated micro emulsions.

    PubMed

    Premarathne, E P N; Karunaratne, D N; Perera, A D L Chandani

    2016-09-25

    The effect of the glycolipid, hexadecyl-β-d-glucopyranoside, incorporated in microemulsions (ME(1)) towards the enhancement of skin absorption and skin permeation of Diclofenac sodium (DS(2)) was evaluated. A Franz diffusion cell with a piece of pig's ear epidermis indicated that the optimized ME formulation with glycolipid (0.05wt%) exhibited significantly higher permeability than the conventional formulations. The releasing profiles of DS from ME formulations exhibited first order release kinetics resembling a diffusion controlled release model for the first 8h. Incorporating hexadecyl-β-D glucopyranoside in ME formulations shows significant potential as a delivery vehicle in the cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry. PMID:27477103

  19. Incorporation of generalized uncertainty principle into Lifshitz field theories

    SciTech Connect

    Faizal, Mir; Majumder, Barun

    2015-06-15

    In this paper, we will incorporate the generalized uncertainty principle into field theories with Lifshitz scaling. We will first construct both bosonic and fermionic theories with Lifshitz scaling based on generalized uncertainty principle. After that we will incorporate the generalized uncertainty principle into a non-abelian gauge theory with Lifshitz scaling. We will observe that even though the action for this theory is non-local, it is invariant under local gauge transformations. We will also perform the stochastic quantization of this Lifshitz fermionic theory based generalized uncertainty principle.

  20. 49 CFR 572.160 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department... package entitled, “Parts List and Drawings, Part 572 Subpart S, Hybrid III 6-Year-Old Child Weighted Crash... Child Weighted Crash Test Dummy (H-III6CW), revised June 2009,” incorporated by reference in §...

  1. 49 CFR 572.120 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the materials may be inspected at the Department of..., “Parts List and Drawings, Part 572 Subpart N, Hybrid III Six-Year Old Child Crash Test Dummy (H-III6C... Child Crash Test Dummy (H-III6C), Beta Version, June 1, 2009,” incorporated by reference in §...

  2. 9 CFR 77.1 - Material incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (a) The procedures... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS General Provisions § 77.1 Material incorporated by reference. Uniform Methods and Rules—Bovine...

  3. 9 CFR 77.1 - Material incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (a) The procedures... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS General Provisions § 77.1 Material incorporated by reference. Uniform Methods and Rules—Bovine...

  4. 9 CFR 77.1 - Material incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (a) The procedures... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS General Provisions § 77.1 Material incorporated by reference. Uniform Methods and Rules—Bovine...

  5. 9 CFR 77.1 - Material incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (a) The procedures... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS General Provisions § 77.1 Material incorporated by reference. Uniform Methods and Rules—Bovine...

  6. 9 CFR 77.1 - Material incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (a) The procedures... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS General Provisions § 77.1 Material incorporated by reference. Uniform Methods and Rules—Bovine...

  7. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved December 14, 2000 for §§ 65.64(e)(2) and 65.147(a)(4)(i) and...

  8. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved December 14, 2000 for §§ 65.64(e)(2) and 65.147(a)(4)(i) and...

  9. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved December 14, 2000 for §§ 65.64(e)(2) and 65.147(a)(4)(i) and...

  10. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved December 14, 2000 for §§ 65.64(e)(2) and 65.147(a)(4)(i) and...

  11. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval... by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved December 14, 2000 for §§ 65.64(e)(2) and 65.147(a)(4)(i) and...

  12. Virtual LEGOs: Incorporating Minecraft into the Art Education Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overby, Alexandra; Jones, Brian L.

    2015-01-01

    What could video games bring to a K-12 visual arts curriculum? Overby and Jones were skeptical about incorporating gaming and virtual worlds into the classroom, but watching their own children engaging in the video game Minecraft changed their perception. As they started researching the game and how these kids were operating within the space, they…

  13. 49 CFR 572.120 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... those materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies.... They are also available from Reprographic Technologies, 9107 Gaither Rd, Gaithersburg, MD 200877, (301... available from the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096....

  14. 16 CFR 1450.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs, approved on February 17, 2011. The Director of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... swimming pool or spa drain cover manufactured, distributed, or entered into commerce in the United...

  15. 16 CFR 1450.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs, approved on February 17, 2011. The Director of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... swimming pool or spa drain cover manufactured, distributed, or entered into commerce in the United...

  16. 16 CFR 1450.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, Spas, and Hot Tubs, approved on February 17, 2011. The Director of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... swimming pool or spa drain cover manufactured, distributed, or entered into commerce in the United...

  17. Incorporating Published Autobiographies into the Abnormal Psychology Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norcross, John C.; Sommer, Robert; Clifford, Jennifer S.

    2001-01-01

    Explores six methods for incorporating into courses published autobiographies written by individuals suffering from mental disorders: (1) outside readings; (2) examples for classroom lectures; (3) primary texts for discussion sections; (4) remedial or extra-credit assignments; (5) information resources; and (6) source books for topical seminars.…

  18. 40 CFR 63.841 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... October 7, 1997, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Phthalate) Smoke Test, IBR approved for section 7.1.1 of Method 315 in appendix A to this part. (b)...

  19. 40 CFR 63.841 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... October 7, 1997, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Phthalate) Smoke Test, IBR approved for section 7.1.1 of Method 315 in appendix A to this part. (b)...

  20. Incorporating Student Performance Measures into Teacher Evaluation Systems. Technical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Jennifer L.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Stecher, Brian M.

    2010-01-01

    Many existing teacher evaluation and reward systems do not capture variation in teachers' ability to improve student performance on standardized tests. Improved access to longitudinal data systems that link teachers to students facilitates the development of systems that incorporate student achievement gains into teacher evaluations. However, two…

  1. Incorporating Study Strategies in Developmental Mathematics/College Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mireles, Selina Vasquez; Offer, Joey; Ward, Debra P.; Dochen, Carol W.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the effectiveness of incorporating study strategies in a developmental mathematics/college algebra program. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected through a quasiexperimental methodology. Results show that students reported increases on the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI)…

  2. Incorporating Calculators into the Accounting Curriculum. Accounting II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clayton, John

    This document is a guide to aid teachers in incorporating the use of calculators in the high school Accounting II curriculum. The guide contains 16 learning modules. Each module consists of an introductory explanation, student performance objectives, content of the module, and teaching suggestions for using calculators in each application of…

  3. 30 CFR 285.115 - Documents incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 285.115 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF EXISTING FACILITIES ON THE OUTER... CFR part 51. (1) The MMS will publish, as a rule, any changes in the documents incorporated...

  4. INCORPORATING INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY INTO HIERARCHICAL CHEMICAL PROCESS DESIGN

    EPA Science Inventory

    Incorporating Industrial Ecology into Hierarchical Chemical Process Design: Determining Targets for the Exchange of Waste

    The exchange of waste to be used as a recycled feed has long been encouraged by practitioners of industrial ecology. Industrial ecology is a field t...

  5. 44 CFR 5.23 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... with standards prescribed from time to time by the Director of the Federal Register (see 1 CFR part 51). ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 5.23 Section 5.23 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY,...

  6. Incorporation of anti-inflammatory agent into mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues Braz, Wilson; Lamec Rocha, Natállia; de Faria, Emerson H.; Silva, Márcio L. A. e.; Ciuffi, Katia J.; Tavares, Denise C.; Furtado, Ricardo Andrade; Rocha, Lucas A.; Nassar, Eduardo J.

    2016-09-01

    The unique properties of macroporous, mesoporous, and microporous systems, including their ability to accommodate molecules of different sizes inside their pores and to act as drug delivery systems, have been the object of extensive studies. In this work, mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure was obtained by template synthesis via the sol-gel process. The resulting material was used as support to accommodate the anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin. The alkaline route was used to prepare the mesoporous silica; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide was employed as porogenic agent. The silica particles were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane alkoxide (APTES) by the sol-gel post-synthesis method. Indomethacin was incorporated into the silica functionalized with APTES and into non-functionalized silica. The resulting systems were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), specific area, infrared spectroscopy, and thermal analyses (TGA). XRD attested to formation of mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure. This structure remained after silica functionalization with APTES and incorporation of indomethacin. Typical infrared spectroscopy vibrations and organic material decomposition during TGA confirmed silica functionalization and drug incorporation. The specific surface area and pore volume of the functionalized material incorporated with indomethacin decreased as compared with the specific surface area and pore volume of the non-functionalized silica containing no drug, suggesting both the functionalizing agent and the drug were present in the silica. Cytotoxicity tests conducted on normal fibroblasts (GM0479A) cells attested that the silica matrix containing indomethacin was less toxic than the free drug.

  7. 77 FR 49389 - Airworthiness Directives; Revo, Incorporated Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-16

    ...-02, amendment 39-14118 (70 FR 33820, June 10, 2005), for all Revo, Incorporated (Type Certificate... that were in compliance with AD 98-10-12 (63 FR 26964, May 15, 1998). We issued that AD to detect... the airplane. Actions Since Existing AD Was Issued Since we issued AD 2005-12-02 (70 FR 33820, June...

  8. Incorporation of Eu(III) into Calcite under Recrystallization conditions.

    PubMed

    Hellebrandt, S E; Hofmann, S; Jordan, N; Barkleit, A; Schmidt, M

    2016-09-13

    The interaction of calcite with trivalent europium under recrystallization conditions was studied on the molecular level using site-selective time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). We conducted batch studies with a reaction time from seven days up to three years with three calcite powders, which differed in their specific surface area, recrystallization rates and impurities content. With increase of the recrystallization rate incorporation of Eu(3+) occurs faster and its speciation comes to be dominated by one species with its excitation maximum at 578.8 nm, so far not identified during previous investigations of this process under growth and phase transformation conditions. A long lifetime of 3750 μs demonstrates complete loss of hydration, consequently Eu must have been incorporated into the bulk crystal. The results show a strong dependence of the incorporation kinetics on the recrystallization rate of the different calcites. Furthermore the investigation of the effect of different background electrolytes (NaCl and KCl) demonstrate that the incorporation process under recrystallization conditions strongly depends on the availability of Na(+). These findings emphasize the different retention potential of calcite as a primary and secondary mineral e.g. in a nuclear waste disposal site.

  9. 46 CFR 160.050-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.050-1 Section 160.050-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Specification for a Buoy, Life Ring, Unicellular Plastic §...

  10. 46 CFR 160.050-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.050-1 Section 160.050-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Specification for a Buoy, Life Ring, Unicellular Plastic §...

  11. 10 CFR 300.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the Technical Guidelines from the Office of Policy... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 300.13 Section 300.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUNTARY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING PROGRAM: GENERAL GUIDELINES §...

  12. 10 CFR 300.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the Technical Guidelines from the Office of Policy... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 300.13 Section 300.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUNTARY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING PROGRAM: GENERAL GUIDELINES §...

  13. 10 CFR 300.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the Technical Guidelines from the Office of Policy... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 300.13 Section 300.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUNTARY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING PROGRAM: GENERAL GUIDELINES §...

  14. 10 CFR 300.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the Technical Guidelines from the Office of Policy... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 300.13 Section 300.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUNTARY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING PROGRAM: GENERAL GUIDELINES §...

  15. 10 CFR 300.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the Technical Guidelines from the Office of Policy... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Incorporation by reference. 300.13 Section 300.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUNTARY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING PROGRAM: GENERAL GUIDELINES §...

  16. Incorporation of Eu(III) into Calcite under Recrystallization conditions

    PubMed Central

    Hellebrandt, S. E.; Hofmann, S.; Jordan, N.; Barkleit, A.; Schmidt, M.

    2016-01-01

    The interaction of calcite with trivalent europium under recrystallization conditions was studied on the molecular level using site-selective time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). We conducted batch studies with a reaction time from seven days up to three years with three calcite powders, which differed in their specific surface area, recrystallization rates and impurities content. With increase of the recrystallization rate incorporation of Eu3+ occurs faster and its speciation comes to be dominated by one species with its excitation maximum at 578.8 nm, so far not identified during previous investigations of this process under growth and phase transformation conditions. A long lifetime of 3750 μs demonstrates complete loss of hydration, consequently Eu must have been incorporated into the bulk crystal. The results show a strong dependence of the incorporation kinetics on the recrystallization rate of the different calcites. Furthermore the investigation of the effect of different background electrolytes (NaCl and KCl) demonstrate that the incorporation process under recrystallization conditions strongly depends on the availability of Na+. These findings emphasize the different retention potential of calcite as a primary and secondary mineral e.g. in a nuclear waste disposal site. PMID:27618958

  17. Incorporating Employee Heterogeneity into Default Rules for Retirement Plan Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goda, Gopi Shah; Manchester, Colleen Flaherty

    2013-01-01

    We study the effect of incorporating heterogeneity into default rules by examining the choice between retirement plans at a firm that transitioned from a defined benefit (DB) to a defined contribution (DC) plan. The default plan for existing employees varied discontinuously depending on their age. Employing regression discontinuity techniques,…

  18. 46 CFR 160.050-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.050-1 Section 160.050-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Specification for a Buoy, Life Ring, Unicellular Plastic §...

  19. 46 CFR 160.050-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.050-1 Section 160.050-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Specification for a Buoy, Life Ring, Unicellular Plastic §...

  20. 46 CFR 160.050-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.050-1 Section 160.050-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Specification for a Buoy, Life Ring, Unicellular Plastic §...

  1. 40 CFR 432.5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... material in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. This material is incorporated as it exists... telephone number is (800) 553-6847. (1) “Method 300.0 Determination of Inorganic Anions by...

  2. Electromechanical hand incorporates touch sensors and trigger function

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dane, D. H.

    1970-01-01

    Electromechanical hand incorporates touch sensors, concealed fingers, and a structure that allows the hand to hold a tool on a flat surface. The hands can be mounted on most types of existing manipulators either directly or by means of modified mounting brackets.

  3. 14 CFR 152.11 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... advisory circulars listed in appendix B to this part are incorporated into this part by reference. The... included in each advisory circular in appendix B, and may add to, or delete from, appendix B any advisory circular or part thereof. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, these guidelines...

  4. 14 CFR 152.11 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... advisory circulars listed in appendix B to this part are incorporated into this part by reference. The... included in each advisory circular in appendix B, and may add to, or delete from, appendix B any advisory circular or part thereof. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, these guidelines...

  5. 14 CFR 152.11 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... advisory circulars listed in appendix B to this part are incorporated into this part by reference. The... included in each advisory circular in appendix B, and may add to, or delete from, appendix B any advisory circular or part thereof. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, these guidelines...

  6. 14 CFR 152.11 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... advisory circulars listed in appendix B to this part are incorporated into this part by reference. The... included in each advisory circular in appendix B, and may add to, or delete from, appendix B any advisory circular or part thereof. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, these guidelines...

  7. 14 CFR 152.11 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... advisory circulars listed in appendix B to this part are incorporated into this part by reference. The... included in each advisory circular in appendix B, and may add to, or delete from, appendix B any advisory circular or part thereof. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, these guidelines...

  8. 48 CFR 852.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... reference, in full text in a quotation, solicitation, or contract if the quotation, solicitation, or... paragraph that requires completion in full text in the quotation, solicitation, or contract. The balance of... CFR chapter 8 (VAAR) provision or clause may be incorporated in a quotation, solicitation, or...

  9. 47 CFR 15.38 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval.../ansidocstore/default.asp; (1) ANSI C63.4-2003: “Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from...

  10. 47 CFR 15.38 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval.../ansidocstore/default.asp; (1) ANSI C63.4-2003: “Methods of Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from...

  11. 10 CFR 431.443 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... this section for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any....ca/onlinestore/welcome.asp. (1) CAN/CSA-C747-94 (“CAN/CSA-C747”) (Reaffirmed 2005), Energy...

  12. 10 CFR 431.443 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... this section for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any....ca/onlinestore/welcome.asp. (1) CSA C747-09 (“CSA C747”), Energy efficiency test methods for...

  13. 10 CFR 431.443 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... this section for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any....ca/onlinestore/welcome.asp. (1) CSA C747-09 (“CSA C747”), Energy efficiency test methods for...

  14. 43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM §...

  15. 49 CFR 393.7 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Register has approved the materials incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... by reference. Part 393 includes references to certain matter or materials, as listed in paragraph (b) of this section. The text of the materials is not included in the regulations contained in part...

  16. 46 CFR 160.010-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.010-1 Section 160.010-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Buoyant Apparatus for Merchant Vessels § 160.010-1...

  17. Site Specific Genetic Incorporation of Azidophenylalanine in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

    PubMed

    Shao, Nan; Singh, N Sadananda; Slade, Susan E; Jones, Alexandra M E; Balasubramanian, Mohan K

    2015-01-01

    The diversity of protein functions is impacted in significant part by the chemical properties of the twenty amino acids, which are used as building blocks for nearly all proteins. The ability to incorporate unnatural amino acids (UAA) into proteins in a site specific manner can vastly expand the repertoire of protein functions and also allows detailed analysis of protein function. In recent years UAAs have been incorporated in a site-specific manner into proteins in a number of organisms. In nearly all cases, the amber codon is used as a sense codon, and an orthogonal tRNA/aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (RS) pair is used to generate amber suppressing tRNAs charged with the UAA. In this work, we have developed tools to incorporate the cross-linking amino acid azido-phenylalanine (AzF) through the use of bacterial tRNA(Tyr) and a modified version of TyrRS, AzFRS, in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which is an attractive model organism for the study of cell behavior and function. We have incorporated AzF into three different proteins. We show that the majority of AzF is modified to amino-phenyl alanine, but protein cross-linking was still observed. These studies set the stage for exploitation of this new technology for the analysis of S. pombe proteins.

  18. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 34.01-15 Section 34.01-15 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT General §...

  19. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 34.01-15 Section 34.01-15 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT General §...

  20. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 34.01-15 Section 34.01-15 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT General §...

  1. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 34.01-15 Section 34.01-15 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT General §...

  2. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 34.01-15 Section 34.01-15 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT General §...

  3. Incorporation of Eu(III) into Calcite under Recrystallization conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hellebrandt, S. E.; Hofmann, S.; Jordan, N.; Barkleit, A.; Schmidt, M.

    2016-09-01

    The interaction of calcite with trivalent europium under recrystallization conditions was studied on the molecular level using site-selective time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). We conducted batch studies with a reaction time from seven days up to three years with three calcite powders, which differed in their specific surface area, recrystallization rates and impurities content. With increase of the recrystallization rate incorporation of Eu3+ occurs faster and its speciation comes to be dominated by one species with its excitation maximum at 578.8 nm, so far not identified during previous investigations of this process under growth and phase transformation conditions. A long lifetime of 3750 μs demonstrates complete loss of hydration, consequently Eu must have been incorporated into the bulk crystal. The results show a strong dependence of the incorporation kinetics on the recrystallization rate of the different calcites. Furthermore the investigation of the effect of different background electrolytes (NaCl and KCl) demonstrate that the incorporation process under recrystallization conditions strongly depends on the availability of Na+. These findings emphasize the different retention potential of calcite as a primary and secondary mineral e.g. in a nuclear waste disposal site.

  4. 33 CFR 118.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Register. The Office of the Federal Register publishes a table, “Material Approved for Incorporation by... than the one listed in paragraph (c) of this section, notice of the change must be published in the.... Coast Guard Headquarters, Administrator, Bridge Administration Program, room 3500, (CG-5411), 2100...

  5. Computerized Teachers' Praise: Incorporating Teachers' Images and Voices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Yi-Cheng

    This paper provides an idea of how to improve computer-assisted instruction effectiveness by incorporating teachers' images and voices into computers. Efforts to increase students' motivations by improving computer-assisted instruction feedback systems through the use of arcade-style video games and animation have proven to be ineffective and…

  6. 10 CFR 435.3 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... reference the energy performance standards listed in paragraph (b) of this section into 10 CFR part 435. The... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any subsequent amendment to a... Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR NEW FEDERAL...

  7. 10 CFR 435.3 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... reference the energy performance standards listed in paragraph (b) of this section into 10 CFR part 435. The... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any subsequent amendment to a... Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR NEW FEDERAL...

  8. 10 CFR 435.3 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... reference the energy performance standards listed in paragraph (b) of this section into 10 CFR part 435. The... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Any subsequent amendment to a... Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR NEW FEDERAL...

  9. Incorporating Six Sigma Methodology Training into Chemical Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dai, Lenore L.

    2007-01-01

    Six Sigma is a buzz term in today's technology and business world and there has been increasing interest to initiate Six Sigma training in college education. We have successfully incorporated Six Sigma methodology training into a traditional chemical engineering course, Engineering Experimentation, at Texas Tech University. The students have…

  10. 46 CFR 64.2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 64.2 Section 64.2 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND... Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990. ASME Boiler...

  11. 46 CFR 64.2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 64.2 Section 64.2 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND... Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990. ASME Boiler...

  12. 46 CFR 64.2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 64.2 Section 64.2 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MARINE PORTABLE TANKS AND... sections affected, are: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Three Park...

  13. Incorporation of anti-inflammatory agent into mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues Braz, Wilson; Lamec Rocha, Natállia; de Faria, Emerson H.; Silva, Márcio L. A. e.; Ciuffi, Katia J.; Tavares, Denise C.; Furtado, Ricardo Andrade; Rocha, Lucas A.; Nassar, Eduardo J.

    2016-09-01

    The unique properties of macroporous, mesoporous, and microporous systems, including their ability to accommodate molecules of different sizes inside their pores and to act as drug delivery systems, have been the object of extensive studies. In this work, mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure was obtained by template synthesis via the sol–gel process. The resulting material was used as support to accommodate the anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin. The alkaline route was used to prepare the mesoporous silica; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide was employed as porogenic agent. The silica particles were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane alkoxide (APTES) by the sol–gel post-synthesis method. Indomethacin was incorporated into the silica functionalized with APTES and into non-functionalized silica. The resulting systems were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), specific area, infrared spectroscopy, and thermal analyses (TGA). XRD attested to formation of mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure. This structure remained after silica functionalization with APTES and incorporation of indomethacin. Typical infrared spectroscopy vibrations and organic material decomposition during TGA confirmed silica functionalization and drug incorporation. The specific surface area and pore volume of the functionalized material incorporated with indomethacin decreased as compared with the specific surface area and pore volume of the non-functionalized silica containing no drug, suggesting both the functionalizing agent and the drug were present in the silica. Cytotoxicity tests conducted on normal fibroblasts (GM0479A) cells attested that the silica matrix containing indomethacin was less toxic than the free drug.

  14. Adaptable, Personalised E-Learning Incorporating Learning Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Sophie E.; Bacon, Elizabeth; Dastbaz, Mohammad

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss how learning styles and theories are currently used within personalised adaptable e-learning adaptive systems. This paper then aims to describe the e-learning platform iLearn and how this platform is designed to incorporate learning styles as part of the personalisation offered by the system.…

  15. 40 CFR 63.14 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of... citations affecting § 63.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids...-90, 96a, Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by the Karl Fischer...

  16. 40 CFR 63.14 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date... Federal Register citations affecting § 63.14, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the...-90, 96a, Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by the Karl Fischer...

  17. Teaching Taekwondo in Physical Education: Incorporating the Color Belt System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Hyun-Ju; Hannon, James C.; Banks, Aaron

    2006-01-01

    Taekwondo is an excellent lifetime physical activity that provides both physical and mental benefits to its participants. The color belt system may be creatively used in physical education to encourage improvement in all learning domains. This article provides information on incorporating the color belt system into physical education, and provides…

  18. 50 CFR 622.413 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Director of the Federal Register under U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are... at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to...

  19. 50 CFR 622.413 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Director of the Federal Register under U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are... at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to...

  20. 40 CFR 59.213 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date...; SCAQMD Subscription Services, P.O. Box 4932; 21865 Copley Drive, Diamond Bar, CA 91765-0932;...

  1. 40 CFR 59.213 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date...; SCAQMD Subscription Services, P.O. Box 4932; 21865 Copley Drive, Diamond Bar, CA 91765-0932;...

  2. 76 FR 50414 - International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-15

    ... 20 International Mail Manual; Incorporation by Reference AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Final... Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM ) dated April 17, 2011, updated with Postal Bulletin... International Mail Manual was issued on April 17, 2011, and was updated with postal bulletin revisions...

  3. 46 CFR 160.040-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... incorporated by reference into this subpart: (1) MIL-R-23139 B, 16 August 1965—Rocket Motors, Surface Launched..., Rocket and Projectile Units. (b) The military specifications may be obtained from Customer Service,...

  4. 46 CFR 160.040-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... incorporated by reference into this subpart: (1) MIL-R-23139 B, 16 August 1965—Rocket Motors, Surface Launched..., Rocket and Projectile Units. (b) The military specifications may be obtained from Customer Service,...

  5. 46 CFR 160.036-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.036-1 Section 160.036-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress...

  6. 46 CFR 160.036-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.036-1 Section 160.036-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress...

  7. 46 CFR 160.040-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... incorporated by reference into this subpart: (1) MIL-R-23139 B, 16 August 1965—Rocket Motors, Surface Launched..., Rocket and Projectile Units. (b) The military specifications may be obtained from Military...

  8. 46 CFR 160.040-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... incorporated by reference into this subpart: (1) MIL-R-23139 B, 16 August 1965—Rocket Motors, Surface Launched..., Rocket and Projectile Units. (b) The military specifications may be obtained from Military...

  9. 46 CFR 160.036-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.036-1 Section 160.036-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress...

  10. 46 CFR 160.036-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.036-1 Section 160.036-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress...

  11. 46 CFR 160.040-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Line-Throwing Appliance, Impulse-Projected Rocket Type (and... incorporated by reference into this subpart: (1) MIL-R-23139 B, 16 August 1965—Rocket Motors, Surface Launched..., Rocket and Projectile Units. (b) The military specifications may be obtained from Customer Service,...

  12. 46 CFR 160.036-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incorporation by reference. 160.036-1 Section 160.036-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Hand-Held Rocket-Propelled Parachute Red Flare Distress...

  13. Optofluidics incorporating actively controlled micro- and nano-particles

    PubMed Central

    Kayani, Aminuddin A.; Khoshmanesh, Khashayar; Ward, Stephanie A.; Mitchell, Arnan; Kalantar-zadeh, Kourosh

    2012-01-01

    The advent of optofluidic systems incorporating suspended particles has resulted in the emergence of novel applications. Such systems operate based on the fact that suspended particles can be manipulated using well-appointed active forces, and their motions, locations and local concentrations can be controlled. These forces can be exerted on both individual and clusters of particles. Having the capability to manipulate suspended particles gives users the ability for tuning the physical and, to some extent, the chemical properties of the suspension media, which addresses the needs of various advanced optofluidic systems. Additionally, the incorporation of particles results in the realization of novel optofluidic solutions used for creating optical components and sensing platforms. In this review, we present different types of active forces that are used for particle manipulations and the resulting optofluidic systems incorporating them. These systems include optical components, optofluidic detection and analysis platforms, plasmonics and Raman systems, thermal and energy related systems, and platforms specifically incorporating biological particles. We conclude the review with a discussion of future perspectives, which are expected to further advance this rapidly growing field. PMID:23864925

  14. 46 CFR 59.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., PRESSURE VESSELS AND APPURTENANCES General Requirements § 59.01-2 Incorporation by reference. (a) Certain... Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990: (1) 2001 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I, Rules for Construction of Power Boilers (July 1, 2001) (“Section I of the ASME Boiler and Pressure...

  15. 46 CFR 160.174-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-3 Incorporation by reference... and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM C 518-91, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission...

  16. 46 CFR 160.174-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-3 Incorporation by reference... Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM C 518-91, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and...

  17. 47 CFR 76.602 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and... Establishing and Maintaining Audio Loudness for Digital Television,” (July 25, 2011) (“ATSC A/85 RP”), IBR... Digital Network Interface Specification with Copy Protection,” 2001, IBR approved for § 76.640. (2)...

  18. Incorporating Transformative Consumer Research into the Consumer Behavior Course Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petkus, Ed, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    In contrast to understanding consumer behavior for the benefit of business organizations, transformative consumer research (TCR) seeks to understand consumer behavior for the benefit of consumers themselves. Following Mari's (2008) call for the incorporation of TCR in doctoral programs in marketing, this article outlines the relevance of TCR to…

  19. Incorporating parametric uncertainty into population viability analysis models

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McGowan, Conor P.; Runge, Michael C.; Larson, Michael A.

    2011-01-01

    Uncertainty in parameter estimates from sampling variation or expert judgment can introduce substantial uncertainty into ecological predictions based on those estimates. However, in standard population viability analyses, one of the most widely used tools for managing plant, fish and wildlife populations, parametric uncertainty is often ignored in or discarded from model projections. We present a method for explicitly incorporating this source of uncertainty into population models to fully account for risk in management and decision contexts. Our method involves a two-step simulation process where parametric uncertainty is incorporated into the replication loop of the model and temporal variance is incorporated into the loop for time steps in the model. Using the piping plover, a federally threatened shorebird in the USA and Canada, as an example, we compare abundance projections and extinction probabilities from simulations that exclude and include parametric uncertainty. Although final abundance was very low for all sets of simulations, estimated extinction risk was much greater for the simulation that incorporated parametric uncertainty in the replication loop. Decisions about species conservation (e.g., listing, delisting, and jeopardy) might differ greatly depending on the treatment of parametric uncertainty in population models.

  20. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date...., Washington, DC 20460; at the EPA Library (MD-35), U.S. EPA, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; or at the... AAMA, 1827 Walden Office Square, Suite 104, Schaumburg, IL 60173. (1) AAMA 605-98,...

  1. 29 CFR 1918.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (3) Any changes in the standards incorporated by reference in... Equipment Association (ISEA), 1901 North Moore Street, Arlington, VA 22209-1762; telephone: 703-525-1695... purchase only from the International Safety Equipment Association, 1901 North Moore Street, Arlington,...

  2. 29 CFR 1917.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... these incorporations by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (3) Any changes... (ISEA), 1901 North Moore Street, Arlington, VA 22209-1762; telephone: 703-525-1695; fax: 703-528-2148... Safety Equipment Association, 1901 North Moore Street, Arlington, VA 22209-1762; telephone:...

  3. Incorporating Experimental Technologies in the Middle Level Technology Education Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields, C. J.; Rogers, George E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper offers some concrete ideas and suggestions for incorporating discussions of experimental technologies in the middle level technology education classroom. Technology education students should be aware of experimental technologies. They should understand the ramifications of items such as hybrid vehicles, photovoltaic solar panels,…

  4. 40 CFR 59.515 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) NATIONAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Aerosol Coatings § 59.515 Incorporations by...) California Air Resources Board Method 3-0—Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in...

  5. Meeting Report: Incorporating Genomics Research into Undergraduate Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyer, Betsey Dexter; LeBlanc, Mark D.

    2002-01-01

    In the first of two National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded workshops, 30 professors of biology and computer science from 18 institutions met at Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts, on June 6-7, 2002, to share ideas on how to incorporate genomics research into undergraduate curricula. The participants included nine pairs or trios of…

  6. 40 CFR 59.515 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of....508. (2) South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Test Method 318-95, Determination of Weight Percent Elemental Metal in Coatings by X-ray Diffraction, (July, 1996), IBR approved for §...

  7. 40 CFR 63.841 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... October 7, 1997, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as... Federal Register. Revisions to “Industrial Ventilation: A Manual of Recommended Practice” (22nd ed.) are... the new information. (1) Chapter 3, “Local Exhaust Hoods” and Chapter 5, “Exhaust System...

  8. Incorporating Sustainability Issues into the Financial Accounting Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskin, Daniel L.; Burke, Megan M.

    2016-01-01

    Changes in the views that society holds of capital allocation suggest that sustainability reporting needs to be incorporated into the financial accounting curriculum. This paper reviews the background and history of corporate social responsibility and sustainability reporting and discusses formation of the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board…

  9. Enhancing the soil organic matter pool through biomass incorporation.

    SciTech Connect

    Felipe G. Sanchez; Emily A. Carter; John F. Klepac

    2003-01-01

    A study was installed in the upper Coastal Plains of South Carolina, USA that sought to examine the impact of incorporating downed slash materials into subsoil layers on soil chemical and physical properties as compared with the effect of slash materials left on the soil surface. Two sites were examined which differed in soil textural composition: sandy vs. clay.

  10. Incorporation of metal related materials into electrically neutral polymers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    St. Clair, A. K.; Taylor, L. T.

    1981-01-01

    Developments in the field of metal-containing polymers are reviewed with emphasis on neutral polymers incorporating dissolved metal salts, metal complexes, organometallic compounds, and metals. Polymer systems discussed include: polyamides, polyimides, polyalcohols, polyesters, polyacetylene, polyethylene, and polysiloxane. Most of the studies focus on the modification of polymer properties such as adhesive properties, thermal behavior, electrical conductivity, polymer flammability, and mechanical properties.

  11. Characteristics of Science Teachers Who Incorporate Web-Based Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dori, Yehudit J.; Tal, Revital T.; Peled, Yehuda

    2002-01-01

    Characterizes and classifies the way junior high school science teachers incorporate Web-based learning environments and materials into their teaching. Applies qualitative interpretive methodology and identifies four basic types of science teachers based on professional growth and beliefs about Web-based teaching: (1) the initiator and pathfinder;…

  12. 49 CFR 587.12 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Instrumentation for Impact Tests-Part 1—Electronic Instrumentation, is incorporated by reference in § 587.15 in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy may be obtained from SAE at Society of...

  13. How to Incorporate Total Physical Response into the English Programme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sano, Masayuki

    1986-01-01

    An experimental project attempted to incorporate Total Physical Response (TPR--a method which requires learners to respond physically to imperatives given by the teacher to teach certain aspects of the language) into an English course in a Japanese junior high school. Results indicated that TPR shows potential for usefulness in second language…

  14. 10 CFR 431.133 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.133 Section 431.133 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL.... Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1J-018 (Resource Room of the Building Technologies...

  15. 10 CFR 431.263 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.263 Section 431.263 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. (ii) U.S. Department of...

  16. 10 CFR 431.203 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.203 Section 431.203 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1J-018 (Resource Room of the Building Technologies Program),...

  17. 10 CFR 431.293 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, 6th... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.293 Section 431.293 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

  18. 10 CFR 431.263 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.263 Section 431.263 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. (ii) U.S. Department of...

  19. 10 CFR 433.3 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR THE DESIGN AND... organization will not affect the DOE building energy performance standard unless and until DOE amends its building energy performance standards. DOE incorporates the material as it exists on the date specified...

  20. 10 CFR 431.203 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.203 Section 431.203 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL... of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1J-018 (Resource Room of the Building Technologies Program),...

  1. 10 CFR 431.223 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.223 Section 431.223 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL.... Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1J-018 (Resource Room of the Building Technologies...

  2. 10 CFR 431.63 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, 6th... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.63 Section 431.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL...

  3. 10 CFR 431.75 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.75 Section 431.75 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND.... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Hearings and Dockets,...

  4. 10 CFR 431.293 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, 6th... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.293 Section 431.293 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN...

  5. 10 CFR 433.3 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS FOR THE DESIGN AND... organization will not affect the DOE building energy performance standard unless and until DOE amends its building energy performance standards. DOE incorporates the material as it exists on the date specified...

  6. 10 CFR 431.63 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program, 6th... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.63 Section 431.63 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL...

  7. 10 CFR 431.75 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.75 Section 431.75 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND.... Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Hearings and Dockets,...

  8. 10 CFR 431.223 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Materials incorporated by reference. 431.223 Section 431.223 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL.... Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 1J-018 (Resource Room of the Building Technologies...

  9. 77 FR 66287 - Adaptation of Regulations To Incorporate Swaps

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-02

    ... in a final rule in a separate release. \\4\\ Adaptation of Regulations to Incorporate Swaps, 76 FR... Commission Merchants, 77 FR 20128 (Apr. 3, 2012) (adopting for SDs and MSPs reporting and recordkeeping... General Provisions and Core Principles, 76 FR 69334 (Nov. 8, 2011). \\18\\ Requirements for DCOs, DCMs,...

  10. 27 CFR 21.6 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Incorporations by reference. 21.6 Section 21.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM General Provisions §...

  11. 27 CFR 21.6 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Incorporations by reference. 21.6 Section 21.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM General Provisions §...

  12. 27 CFR 21.6 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Incorporations by reference. 21.6 Section 21.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM General Provisions §...

  13. 27 CFR 21.6 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Incorporations by reference. 21.6 Section 21.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM General Provisions §...

  14. 27 CFR 21.6 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Incorporations by reference. 21.6 Section 21.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM General Provisions §...

  15. 47 CFR 76.602 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) and 1 CFR part 51. These materials are incorporated as they exist on the date of the approval, and... Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th. St., SW., Reference Information Center, Room CY-A257... availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:...

  16. Incorporating Perceived Importance of Service Elements into Client Satisfaction Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsieh, Chang-Ming

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the need for incorporating perceived importance of service elements into client satisfaction measures. Method: A secondary analysis of client satisfaction data from 112 clients of an elderly case management setting was conducted. Results: This study found that the relationship between global…

  17. 21 CFR 1311.08 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Publication 800-63-1, Electronic Authentication Guideline, December 8, 2008 (NIST SP 800-63-1); Burr, W. et al.; incorporation by reference approved for § 1311.105(a). (7) NIST Special Publication 800-76-1, Biometric Data Specification for Personal Identity Verification, January 2007 (NIST SP 800-76-1); Wilson, C. et...

  18. 21 CFR 1311.08 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Publication 800-63-1, Electronic Authentication Guideline, December 8, 2008 (NIST SP 800-63-1); Burr, W. et al.; incorporation by reference approved for § 1311.105(a). (7) NIST Special Publication 800-76-1, Biometric Data Specification for Personal Identity Verification, January 2007 (NIST SP 800-76-1); Wilson, C. et...

  19. 21 CFR 1311.08 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Publication 800-63-1, Electronic Authentication Guideline, December 8, 2008 (NIST SP 800-63-1); Burr, W. et al.; incorporation by reference approved for § 1311.105(a). (7) NIST Special Publication 800-76-1, Biometric Data Specification for Personal Identity Verification, January 2007 (NIST SP 800-76-1); Wilson, C. et...

  20. 21 CFR 1311.08 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Publication 800-63-1, Electronic Authentication Guideline, December 8, 2008 (NIST SP 800-63-1); Burr, W. et al.; incorporation by reference approved for § 1311.105(a). (7) NIST Special Publication 800-76-1, Biometric Data Specification for Personal Identity Verification, January 2007 (NIST SP 800-76-1); Wilson, C. et...

  1. 46 CFR 38.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... incorporation by reference in this part, and the sections affected, are: American Society for Nondestructive...) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990...) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA...

  2. 49 CFR 587.12 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy may be obtained from SAE at Society of Automotive... Incorporation by reference. Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J211/1 Rev. MAR...

  3. 14 CFR 150.13 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b... will be made under 14 CFR part 11 and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The complete title..., Internationale, 1, rue de Varembe, Geneva, Switzerland. (2) American National Standards Institute, 1430...

  4. 14 CFR 36.6 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR Part 51. (b) Incorporated matter. (1) Each... matter is made under Part 11 of this chapter and 1 CFR Part 51. (c) Identification statement. The... publications. (i) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembe, Case postale 131, 1211...

  5. 14 CFR 150.13 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b... will be made under 14 CFR part 11 and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The complete title..., Internationale, 1, rue de Varembe, Geneva, Switzerland. (2) American National Standards Institute, 1430...

  6. 14 CFR 150.13 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b... will be made under 14 CFR part 11 and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The complete title..., Internationale, 1, rue de Varembe, Geneva, Switzerland. (2) American National Standards Institute, 1430...

  7. 14 CFR 36.6 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR Part 51. (b) Incorporated matter. (1) Each... matter is made under Part 11 of this chapter and 1 CFR Part 51. (c) Identification statement. The... publications. (i) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembe, Case postale 131, 1211...

  8. 14 CFR 36.6 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR Part 51. (b) Incorporated matter. (1) Each... matter is made under Part 11 of this chapter and 1 CFR Part 51. (c) Identification statement. The... publications. (i) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembe, Case postale 131, 1211...

  9. 14 CFR 36.6 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b) Incorporated matter. (1) Each... matter is made under part 11 of this chapter and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The... publications. (i) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembe, Case postale 131, 1211...

  10. 14 CFR 36.6 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR Part 51. (b) Incorporated matter. (1) Each... matter is made under Part 11 of this chapter and 1 CFR Part 51. (c) Identification statement. The... publications. (i) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de Varembe, Case postale 131, 1211...

  11. 14 CFR 150.13 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b... will be made under 14 CFR part 11 and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The complete title..., Internationale, 1, rue de Varembe, Geneva, Switzerland. (2) American National Standards Institute, 1430...

  12. 14 CFR 150.13 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference by the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b... will be made under 14 CFR part 11 and 1 CFR part 51. (c) Identification statement. The complete title..., Internationale, 1, rue de Varembe, Geneva, Switzerland. (2) American National Standards Institute, 1430...

  13. 49 CFR 195.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 CFR for a listing of the earlier editions. (b) All incorporated materials are available for... Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. In addition... Fittings Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street, NE., Vienna, VA 22180. 5. American Society for Testing...

  14. 49 CFR 195.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 CFR for a listing of the earlier editions. (b) All incorporated materials are available for... Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. In addition... Fittings Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street, NE., Vienna, VA 22180. 5. American Society for Testing...

  15. 49 CFR 195.3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 CFR for a listing of the earlier editions. (b) All incorporated materials are available for... Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. In addition... Fittings Industry, Inc. (MSS), 127 Park Street, NE., Vienna, VA 22180. 5. American Society for Testing...

  16. Incorporating Choice and Preferred Activities into Classwide Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kern, Lee; State, Talida M.

    2009-01-01

    It is often said that the best intervention strategies prevent problem behaviors from starting in the first place. Two preventative strategies that teachers can use are choice making and incorporating preferred activities into classwide instruction. Not only do these strategies avoid problem behaviors, but teachers also find them easy to use in…

  17. Teachers' Perspectives on Incorporating Current Controversial Issues into the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Elizabeth; Sunal, Cynthia; Haas, Mary; Laughlin, Margaret

    Does a current controversial issue become part of the social studies curriculum in a context where the media focus largely on the issue? A study explored this question through surveys and in-depth interviews that investigated K-12 social studies teachers' perspectives on the incorporation of current controversial issues into the curriculum. A…

  18. 49 CFR 385.4 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified... Materials as defined in 49 CFR Part 173.403,” April 1, 2012; approved for § 385.415(b). (2) ... 49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 385.4...

  19. 49 CFR 395.18 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a), and 1 CFR part 51. For materials subject to change, only the specific... 202-741-6030 or go to http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Also, it is... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 395.18...

  20. 49 CFR 395.18 - Matter incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a), and 1 CFR part 51. For materials subject to change, only the specific... 202-741-6030 or go to http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html. Also, it is... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Matter incorporated by reference. 395.18...