Science.gov

Sample records for palma coroba attalea

  1. Phylogenetic analysis of Attalea (Arecaceae): insights on the historical biogeography of a recently diversified Neotropical plant group

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Technical Abstract Here we present a dated phylogenetic tree of the neotropical palm genus Attalea (Arecaceae). We used six orthologs from the nuclear WRKY gene family across 98 accessions to address relationships among species and biogeographic hypotheses. Here we found that the formerly recognized...

  2. Fruit production of Attalea colenda (Arecaceae) in coastal Ecuador - an alternative oil resource?

    SciTech Connect

    Feil, J.P.

    1996-07-01

    Attalea colenda is a monoecious palm found in pastures in coastal Ecuador. In dry regions, it is a valuable source of oil in self-sufficiency farming or in combination with cattle in pastures. The palm was studied over a gradient of dry to humid environments during two fruiting seasons. Palm growth, production of leaves, inflorescences, and infructescences, number of fruits per infructescence, and seed weight of five populations were evaluated. The individual of average size is 15 m tall, which corresponds to approximately 30-40 years of age. No difference in fruit production was recorded between wet and dry regions of coastal Ecuador. The average production of one hectare of pasture, with 50 palms, was 0.9 t of oil per year. One population that was part of an agroforestry system produced 50% more fruits than the average of all populations in pasture. 18 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

  3. Seed banks on Attalea phalerata (Arecaceae) stems in the Pantanal wetland, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Corrêa, Christiane E; Fischer, Erich; Santos, Flavio A M dos

    2012-03-01

    Seeds can accumulate in the soil or elsewhere, such as on the stems of palms when these are covered by persistent sheaths. These sheaths could act as a safe site for some species. Here, we studied whether persistent sheaths of the palm Attalea phalerata (Arecaceae) are available sites for seed accumulation in the Pantanal wetland of Brazil. We also investigated whether the composition, richness and diversity of species of seeds in the persistent sheaths are determined by habitat (riparian forest and forest patches) and/or season (wet and dry). All accumulated material was collected from ten persistent sheaths along the stems of 64 A. phalerata individuals (16 per habitat and 16 per season). The material was then individually inspected under a stereomicroscope to record seed species and number. Of the 640 sheaths sampled, 65 % contained seeds (n = 3468). This seed bank included 75 species belonging to 12 families, and was primarily composed of small, endozoochoric seeds, with a few abundant species (Cecropia pachystachya and Ficus pertusa). Moraceae was the richest family (four species) and Urticaceae the most abundant (1594 seeds). Stems of A. phalerata in the riparian forest had 1·8 times more seeds and 1·3 times more species than those in forest patches. In the wet season we sampled 4·1 times more seeds and 2·2 more species on palm stems than in the dry season. Richness did not differ between habitats, but was higher in the wet season. Abundance was higher in forest patches and in the wet season. Attalea phalerata stems contain a rich seed bank, comparable to soil seed banks of tropical forests. As most of these seeds are not adapted to grow in flooding conditions, palm stems might be regarded as safe sites for seeds (and seedlings) to escape from the seasonal flooding of the Pantanal.

  4. The Dutch Open Telescope on La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutten, R. J.; Bettonvil, F. C. M.; Hammerschlag, R. H.; Jägers, A. P. L.; Leenaarts, J.; Snik, F.; Sütterlin, P.; Tziotziou, K.; de Wijn, A. G.

    The Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) on La Palma is an innovative solar telescope combining open telescope structure and an open support tower with a multi-wavelength imaging assembly and with synchronous speckle cameras to generate high-resolution movies which sample different layers of the solar atmosphere simultaneously and co-spatially at high resolution over long durations. The DOT test and development phase is nearly concluded. The installation of an advanced speckle processor enables full science utilization including "Open-DOT" time allocation to the international community. Co-pointing with spectropolarimeters at other Canary Island telescopes and with TRACE furnishes valuable Solar-B precursor capabilities.

  5. Acute and subacute oral toxicity assessment of the oil extracted from Attalea phalerata Mart ex Spreng. pulp fruit in rats.

    PubMed

    Freitas de Lima, Fernando; Traesel, Giseli Karenina; Menegati, Sara Emilia Lima Tolouei; Santos, Ariany Carvalho Dos; Souza, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho; de Oliveira, Vinícius Soares; Sanjinez-Argandoña, Eliana Janet; Cardoso, Claudia Andrea Lima; Oesterreich, Silvia Aparecida; Vieira, Maria do Carmo

    2017-01-01

    Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng., popularly known as "bacuri", is a native plant from the brazilian Cerrado and used in folk medicine as a pulmonary decongestant, an anti-inflammatory for joints and antipyretic. There is an expectation about the use in chronic disease of the Attalea phalerata oil since its composition is high in carotenoids and beneficial fatty acids. The aim of the study was to evaluate the toxicological profile of the oil extracted from Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. pulp (APO). Acute and subacute toxicity studies were performed in male and female Wistar rats according to the OECD - Guidelines 425 and 407. For the acute toxicity, one single dose of the APO (2000mg/kg) was administered by gavage to five female rats. In the subacute toxicity, four different doses (125, 250, 500 and 1000mg/kg) of the APO were administered to male and female rats for 28 consecutive days. No deaths or behavioral changes were observed during both experiments as well as no changes in organ weights, hematological, histopathological parameters. The biochemical parameters showed changes in phosphatase alkaline and albumin levels, however these values are within the normal range for the species. A significant reduction in cholesterol and triglycerides was also observed in some of the animals treated with the APO. Therefore, the LD50 is higher than 2000mg/kg and the APO oil can be considered safe at the doses tested in rats. However, further assessments are required in order to proceed to clinical studies in humans.

  6. Population genetic structure of Attalea vitrivir Zona (Arecaceae) in fragmented areas of southeast Brazil.

    PubMed

    Santos, R R M; Cavallari, M M; Pimenta, M A S; Abreu, A G; Costa, M R; Guedes, M L

    2015-06-11

    Attalea vitrivir Zona (synonym Orbignya oleifera) is one of the six species of Arecaceae known as "babassu". This species is used to make cosmetics, food, and detergents due to the high concentration of oil in the seeds. It is found only in fragmented areas of southern Bahia State and northern Minas Gerais State, southeast Brazil, and this fragmentation has affected both its ecological and genetic characteristics. We evaluated the genetic diversity and population genetic structure of A. vitrivir in six areas of two different regions at the extremes of its geographical range, in order to gain a better understanding of the factors that affect the distribution and partitioning of its diversity. Nine inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers amplified 74 polymorphic bands, resulting in large diversity values (Shannon diversity index, 0.37-0.47; intrapopulation genetic diversity, 0.25-0.34). Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed considerable differentiation between sampling sites (30.03%) and regions (12.08%), although most of the diversity was observed within sampling sites (69%). Further differentiation between sampling sites was noted more in the northern region than in the southern region, highlighting the genetic connectivity between the sampling sites within Rio Pandeiros Environmental Protection Area (southern region). The identification of two distinct genetic clusters (K = 2) corresponded to the northern and southern regions, and corroborated the AMOVA results. We suggest that the northern area, outside Rio Pandeiros Environmental Protection Area, must be included in future management plans for this species.

  7. [Attalea butyracea palms adjacent to housing as a source of infestation by Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)].

    PubMed

    Angulo, Víctor Manuel; Esteban, Lyda; Luna, Katherine Paola

    2012-06-01

    The presence of Rhodnius prolixus in palms on the eastern plains area of Colombia provide a high risk for infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. Intensive surveillance of the palm tree habitat are necessary to confirm the presence of bugs and provide evidence that this habitat is a source of house infestations. The infestation by R. prolixus in the palm, Attalea butyracea, was investigated near homes for assessment of risk. Palms were examined for Rhodnius bugs adjacent to rural housing in the eastern plains provinces of Casanare and Arauca, Colombia. Bait traps were used as well as an active search by the investigators and a community watch program to collect intradomiciliary triatomine bugs. Collected species were identified by morphological criteria,and natural T.cruzi infections in the triatomine bugs were detected by the PCR technique. In 111 of 172 (64.5%) palms (A. butyracea) inspected, 529 nymphs and adults of R. prolixus and 5 nymphs of Eratyrus mucronatus were collected. The A. butyracea were located within 500 m of housing. In the same period, 132 R. prolixus and specimens of the triatomine species Psammolestes arthuri,Cavernicola pilosa, Triatoma maculata, Panstrongylus geniculatus were collected inside houses. Twenty nymphs of E. mucronatus were found in a pile of bricks on the porch of a home. Natural infection of T. cruzi was detected in 28.8% of R. prolixus from palm trees and 30.0% inside houses. A new epidemiological scenario of transmission of Chagas disease was revealed, characterized by high rates of infestation of R. prolixus in palms near houses with frequent intrusion into houses. In designing measures to prevent Chagas disease, the association of palm trees, triatomine bugs and housing proximity is a significant consideration.

  8. Genetic variation detected by RAPD markers in natural populations of babassu palm (Attalea speciosa Mart.).

    PubMed

    Santos, M F; Damasceno-Silva, K J; Carvalhaes, M A; Lima, P S C

    2015-06-10

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of management on the genetic structure of natural populations of Attalea speciosa in the State of Piauí, Brazil, using random-amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Three babassu populations under different management systems were selected. Polymerase chain reactions were performed for 20 RAPD primers. A total of 146 bands were generated, 141 of which were polymorphic (96.58%), with a variation of 4 and 12 loci and an average of 7 bands per primer. A dendrogram revealed a clear separation between the three populations (0.57). Data reliability and node consistency were verified by bootstrap values and the cophenetic correlation coefficient (88.15%). Coefficients of similarity between pairs of genotypes ranged from 0.26 to 0.86, with a mean of 0.57. Nei's genetic diversity index (HE) value of the population sampled in Teresina was 0.212, of Esperantina it was 0.195, and of José de Freitas it was 0.207. After the HE was decomposed, the complete diversity was found to be 0.3213. Genetic differentiation between populations was 0.362, and the estimation of gene flow between populations was low (0.879). Analysis of molecular variance revealed that 59.52% of the variation was contained within populations, and 40.48% was between populations. RAPD markers were effective for genetic diversity analysis within and between natural babassu populations, and exhibited a high level of polymorphism. Genetic diversity was the highest within populations; variability was lower in the managed populations than in the undisturbed populations.

  9. The maternal aborigine colonization of La Palma (Canary Islands)

    PubMed Central

    Fregel, Rosa; Pestano, Jose; Arnay, Matilde; Cabrera, Vicente M; Larruga, Jose M; González, Ana M

    2009-01-01

    Teeth from 38 aboriginal remains of La Palma (Canary Islands) were analyzed for external and endogenous mitochondrial DNA control region sequences and for diagnostic coding positions. Informative sequences were obtained from 30 individuals (78.9%). The majority of lineages (93%) were from West Eurasian origin, being the rest (7%) from sub-Saharan African ascription. The bulk of the aboriginal haplotypes had exact matches in North Africa (70%). However, the indigenous Canarian sub-type U6b1, also detected in La Palma, has not yet been found in North Africa, the cradle of the U6 expansion. The most abundant H1 clade in La Palma, defined by transition 16260, is also very rare in North Africa. This means that the exact region from which the ancestors of the Canarian aborigines came has not yet been sampled or that they have been replaced by later human migrations. The high gene diversity found in La Palma (95.2±2.3), which is one of the farthest islands from the African continent, is of the same level than the previously found in the central island of Tenerife (92.4±2.8). This is against the supposition that the islands were colonized from the continent by island hopping and posterior isolation. On the other hand, the great similarity found between the aboriginal populations of La Palma and Tenerife is against the idea of an island-by-island independent maritime colonization without secondary contacts. Our data better fit to an island model with frequent migrations between islands. PMID:19337312

  10. Seed dispersal and spatial distribution of Attalea geraensis (Arecaceae) in two remnants of Cerrado in Southeastern Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonjorne de Almeida, Lilian; Galetti, Mauro

    2007-09-01

    The seed dispersal system of Attalea geraensis (Arecaceae), an acaulescent palm, was investigated during one year in two Cerrado fragments in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. A. geraensis had inflorescences and infrutescences throughout the year. Two scatter-hoarding rodents (the spiny rat, Clyomys bishopi and agoutis, Dasyprocta azarae) were identified as seed predators/dispersers, able to move seeds up to 30 m from the palms, although most of the fruits (57.5%) were dispersed less than 2 m. The removal rates were high and after 20 days, 97.2% of the fruits were removed. Fruit fate was not related to fruit mass, length and diameter. The application of Morisita's index showed a more clumped distribution of adults in the smaller fragment, probably because of the absence of agoutis. Higher seed removal by rodents in the large Cerrado remnant may decrease seed predation by beetles.

  11. Astronomen bei der Arbeit - Live-Konferenz mit La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beck, Paul G.

    2012-02-01

    "Wie kann man sich die nächtliche Arbeit eines Astronomen am Teleskop vorstellen?" Diese Frage stellen sich viele wissenschaftlich interessierte Menschen, die noch kein professionelles Observatorium besuchen konnten. Das multimediale Experiment "Call a Scientist" verband Besucher einer österreichischen Amateursternwarte live mit dem Großobservatorium in La Palma und brachte damit einer interessierten Öffentlichkeit seltene Einblicke in die Arbeitsweise der modernen Astronomie nahe.

  12. Family structure and dynamics in DePalma's horror films.

    PubMed

    Gordon, N G

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the familial relationships in Brian DePalma's five major horror films reveals a persistent unconscious fantasy formation involving the nuclear family. These single-parent, only-child families are all tragically destroyed because of an inability to adequately mourn the absent parent. Although the asexual young adults in the films are spared the completely disastrous effects of madness and violence, they are still psychologically traumatized. This hidden subtextual theme involving the family parallels DePalma's bleak view of authority figures outside the home, as well as American society in general. Adequate identity formation requires that people both inside and outside the family accept the adolescent as a separate person. The grim psychological truth threading its way throughout DePalma's horror films is that these young adults are psychically devastated by the effects of a primitive, fused symbiotic relationship in interaction with a society that does not provide an adequate role for the developing person. Consequently, their attempt to psychologically move outside the family, which includes the maturation of their sexuality, results in the destruction of the family itself.

  13. Human perceptions of landscape change: The case of a monodominant forest of Attalea speciosa Mart ex. Spreng (Northeast Brazil).

    PubMed

    de Almeida, Gabriela M A; Ramos, Marcelo A; Araújo, Elcida L; Baldauf, Cristina; Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino

    2016-05-01

    From the perception of human populations, we can assess the changes occurring in certain landscapes and the factors that cause those changes. Such studies have proven helpful in increasing the knowledge of the history of a landscape, recognizing past formations and projecting its future. Our research objective was to determine how a landscape dominated by the palm tree Attalea speciosa, a species of ecological, economic, and cultural importance, has been changing over time by synthesizing and comparing historical documents and local perceptions. This study was conducted in Araripe Environmental Protection Area, Northeast Region, Brazil. To understand local landscape change, we interviewed active harvesters in four communities in which A. speciosa use has been documented. Historical documents were evaluated as a complement to the interview data. According to local informants, areas previously used for cultivation and animal husbandry that were abandoned or decimated by droughts in the region may have fostered the expansion of a monodominant A. speciosa forest. Furthermore, other forms of landscape management resulting from human population growth may also have affected the current and past distribution of this forest.

  14. The 2011 Eta-Aquariids observing campaign from La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bettonvil, Felix; Weiland, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Because the Eta-Aquariids, the most prominent stream for Southern Hemisphere observers, are difficult to watch from mid-northern latitudes, a week-long visual observing campaign was carried out in May 2011 from La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. There, on the grounds of the Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos (ORM), at an altitude of more than 2000 m above sea level, observing conditions were nearly perfect. As a consequence, we managed to record more than 300 Eta-Aquariids in about 30 hours of effective observing time. An impression of the campaign together with a summary of the results is given.

  15. [Severe malaria in Palmas, State of Tocantins: case report].

    PubMed

    Parise, Eldi Vendrame

    2009-01-01

    Plasmodium falciparum causes the most severe clinical form of malaria. In this study, we report a severe case of malaria, through following up the patient and from notes in the medical files at the Palmas General Hospital. We discuss the outcome of this case and the complications caused by this infection, recognizing the potential risk of occurrences of severe malaria in not-endemic areas because of the delay in treatment, and the importance of intensifying surveillance measures involving all health unit employees, with emphasis on the reception areas for migrants from endemic regions.

  16. The Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes on La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benn, Chris R.

    2014-08-01

    The ING runs the highly-productive 4.2-mWilliam Herschel Telescope (WHT) and 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) on La Palma in the Canary Islands. I give an overview of the current operational model, commenting on how the model has evolved since the mid-1980s, and on the experience gained with e.g. instrument development; adaptive-optics/LGS deployment; hosting visiting instruments; scheduling; fault handling; student vs staff support of observers; and performance monitoring.

  17. Study on the Cytotoxic, Genotoxic and Clastogenic Potential of Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. Oil Pulp In Vitro and In Vivo Experimental Models.

    PubMed

    Freitas de Lima, Fernando; Lima Tolouei Menegati, Sara Emilia; Karenina Traesel, Giseli; Souza de Araújo, Flávio Henrique; Honaiser Lescano, Caroline; Moraes Peixoto, Sara; Mao Silva, Felipe Ariel; Heredia Vieira, Silvia Cristina; do Carmo Vieira, Maria; Oesterreich, Silvia Aparecida

    2016-01-01

    Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. (Arecaceae), popularly known as "bacuri", is used in Brazilian folk medicine. Its oil is used orally to relieve pulmonary congestion and joint pain. In topical applications, it is applied as an effective hair tonic and anti-dandruff. The in natura pulp and its nuts are used as food because of its nutritional value. Despite its use in folk medicine, there is a lack of data regarding its in vivo/in vitro cytotoxic/genotoxic and clastogenic effects. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic, genotoxic and clastogenic effects of Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. oil (APMO) in vitro and in vivo. For the analysis of cytotoxic potential, the Artemia salina and MTT (3-(4,5-dimethizzol-zyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assays were performed. Possible cytotoxic, genotoxic and clastogenic effects of APMO intake were determined by performing the comet and micronucleus assays. Male and female Wistar rats were orally treated with doses of 125, 250, 500 or 1000 mg.kg-1 of the APMO daily for 28 consecutive days (four weeks). The results showed that the APMO did not induce cell death in the experiments of Artemia salina and MTT, indicating that it has no cytotoxicity. The APMO did not cause significant damage to the DNA of the rats in the four doses used when compared to the negative control group (saline + Tween® 80). The APMO did not present any significant increase in micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCEs) for the four tested doses. When compared to the positive control group, all groups (comet and micronucleus tests) were statistically different. These data suggest that the administration of Attalea phalerata Mart oil. ex Spreng does not cause cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and clastogenicity in experimental models in vitro and in vivo following oral administration in this study.

  18. Study on the Cytotoxic, Genotoxic and Clastogenic Potential of Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. Oil Pulp In Vitro and In Vivo Experimental Models

    PubMed Central

    Lima Tolouei Menegati, Sara Emilia; Karenina Traesel, Giseli; Souza de Araújo, Flávio Henrique; Honaiser Lescano, Caroline; Moraes Peixoto, Sara; Mao Silva, Felipe Ariel; Heredia Vieira, Silvia Cristina; do Carmo Vieira, Maria; Oesterreich, Silvia Aparecida

    2016-01-01

    Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. (Arecaceae), popularly known as “bacuri”, is used in Brazilian folk medicine. Its oil is used orally to relieve pulmonary congestion and joint pain. In topical applications, it is applied as an effective hair tonic and anti-dandruff. The in natura pulp and its nuts are used as food because of its nutritional value. Despite its use in folk medicine, there is a lack of data regarding its in vivo/in vitro cytotoxic/genotoxic and clastogenic effects. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic, genotoxic and clastogenic effects of Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. oil (APMO) in vitro and in vivo. For the analysis of cytotoxic potential, the Artemia salina and MTT (3-(4,5-dimethizzol-zyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assays were performed. Possible cytotoxic, genotoxic and clastogenic effects of APMO intake were determined by performing the comet and micronucleus assays. Male and female Wistar rats were orally treated with doses of 125, 250, 500 or 1000 mg.kg-1 of the APMO daily for 28 consecutive days (four weeks). The results showed that the APMO did not induce cell death in the experiments of Artemia salina and MTT, indicating that it has no cytotoxicity. The APMO did not cause significant damage to the DNA of the rats in the four doses used when compared to the negative control group (saline + Tween® 80). The APMO did not present any significant increase in micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCEs) for the four tested doses. When compared to the positive control group, all groups (comet and micronucleus tests) were statistically different. These data suggest that the administration of Attalea phalerata Mart oil. ex Spreng does not cause cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and clastogenicity in experimental models in vitro and in vivo following oral administration in this study. PMID:27764219

  19. Effect of the physiognomy of Attalea butyracea (Arecoideae) on population density and age distribution of Rhodnius prolixus (Triatominae).

    PubMed

    Urbano, Plutarco; Poveda, Cristina; Molina, Jorge

    2015-04-01

    Rhodnius prolixus Stål, 1859 is one of the main vectors of Trypanosoma (Schyzotrypanum) cruzi Chagas, 1909. In its natural forest environment, this triatomine is mainly found in palm tree crowns, where it easily establishes and develops dense populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the physiognomy and reproductive status of Attalea butyracea on the population relative density and age structure of R. prolixus and to determine the vector's population stratification according to the vertical and horizontal profile of an A. butyracea forest. Using live bait traps, 150 individuals of A. butyracea with different physiognomy and 40 individuals with similar physiognomy (crown size, number of leaves, palm tree height, diameter at breast height, reproductive status) were sampled for triatomines in Yopal, Casanare-Colombia. Temperature and relative humidity were measured in the crown of the palm tree. Entomological indices and natural infection rates were also determined. The relative population density of R. prolixus on natural A. butyracea groves is associated with the palm's height, number of leaves and crown volume. The young immature stages were present mostly at the crown's base and the advanced immature stages and adults were present mostly at the crown of the palm tree. This distribution correlates with the temperature stability and relative humidity in the base and the fluctuation of both environmental variables in the palm's crown. A higher density of R. prolixus was found as the palm tree height increased and as the distance of the palm with respect to the forest border decreased, especially towards anthropically intervened areas. A density index of 12.6 individuals per palm tree with an infestation index of 88.9% and a colonization index of 98.7% was observed. 85.2% was the infection index with T. cruzi. The physiognomy of palm trees affects the relative population density and the distribution of developmental stages of R. prolixus

  20. Genetic engineering of Zymobacter palmae for production of ethanol from xylose.

    PubMed

    Yanase, Hideshi; Sato, Dai; Yamamoto, Keiko; Matsuda, Saori; Yamamoto, Sho; Okamoto, Kenji

    2007-04-01

    Its metabolic characteristics suggest that Zymobacter palmae gen. nov., sp. nov. could serve as a useful new ethanol-fermenting bacterium, but its biotechnological exploitation will require certain genetic modifications. We therefore engineered Z. palmae so as to broaden the range of its fermentable sugar substrates to include the pentose sugar xylose. The Escherichia coli genes encoding the xylose catabolic enzymes xylose isomerase, xylulokinase, transaldolase, and transketolase were introduced into Z. palmae, where their expression was driven by the Zymomonas mobilis glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter. When cultured with 40 g/liter xylose, the recombinant Z. palmae strain was able to ferment 16.4 g/liter xylose within 5 days, producing 91% of the theoretical yield of ethanol with no accumulation of organic acids as metabolic by-products. Notably, xylose acclimation enhanced both the expression of xylose catabolic enzymes and the rate of xylose uptake into recombinant Z. palmae, which enabled the acclimated organism to completely and simultaneously ferment a mixture of 40 g/liter glucose and 40 g/liter xylose within 8 h, producing 95% of the theoretical yield of ethanol. Thus, efficient fermentation of a mixture of glucose and xylose to ethanol can be accomplished by using Z. palmae expressing E. coli xylose catabolic enzymes.

  1. First EURONEAR NEA discoveries from La Palma using the INT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaduvescu, O.; Hudin, L.; Tudor, V.; Char, F.; Mocnik, T.; Kwiatkowski, T.; de Leon, J.; Cabrera-Lavers, A.; Alvarez, C.; Popescu, M.; Cornea, R.; Díaz Alfaro, M.; Ordonez-Etxeberria, I.; Kamiński, K.; Stecklum, B.; Verdes-Montenegro, L.; Sota, A.; Casanova, V.; Martin Ruiz, S.; Duffard, R.; Zamora, O.; Gomez-Jimenez, M.; Micheli, M.; Koschny, D.; Busch, M.; Knofel, A.; Schwab, E.; Negueruela, I.; Dhillon, V.; Sahman, D.; Marchant, J.; Génova-Santos, R.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Riddick, F. C.; Mendez, J.; Lopez-Martinez, F.; Gänsicke, B. T.; Hollands, M.; Kong, A. K. H.; Jin, R.; Hidalgo, S.; Murabito, S.; Font, J.; Bereciartua, A.; Abe, L.; Bendjoya, P.; Rivet, J. P.; Vernet, D.; Mihalea, S.; Inceu, V.; Gajdos, S.; Veres, P.; Serra-Ricart, M.; Abreu Rodriguez, D.

    2015-05-01

    Since 2006, the European Near Earth Asteroids Research (EURONEAR) project has been contributing to the research of near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) within a European network. One of the main aims is the amelioration of the orbits of NEAs, and starting in 2014 February we focus on the recovery of one-opposition NEAs using the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) in La Palma in override mode. Part of this NEA recovery project, since 2014 June EURONEAR serendipitously started to discover and secure the first NEAs from La Palma and using the INT, thanks to the teamwork including amateurs and students who promptly reduce the data, report discoveries and secure new objects recovered with the INT and few other telescopes from the EURONEAR network. Five NEAs were discovered with the INT, including 2014 LU14, 2014 NL52 (one very fast rotator), 2014 OL339 (the fourth known Earth quasi-satellite), 2014 SG143 (a quite large NEA), and 2014 VP. Another very fast moving NEA was discovered but was unfortunately lost due to lack of follow-up time. Additionally, another 14 NEA candidates were identified based on two models, all being rapidly followed-up using the INT and another 11 telescopes within the EURONEAR network. They include one object discovered by Pan-STARRS, two Mars crossers, two Hungarias, one Jupiter trojan, and other few inner main belt asteroids (MBAs). Using the INT and Sierra Nevada 1.5 m for photometry, then the Gran Telescopio de Canarias for spectroscopy, we derived the very rapid rotation of 2014 NL52, then its albedo, magnitude, size, and its spectral class. Based on the total sky coverage in dark conditions, we evaluate the actual survey discovery rate using 2-m class telescopes. One NEA is possible to be discovered randomly within minimum 2.8 deg2 and maximum 5.5 deg2. These findings update our past statistics, being based on double sky coverage and taking into account the recent increase in discovery.

  2. Crystal structure of pyruvate decarboxylase from Zymobacter palmae

    PubMed Central

    Buddrus, Lisa; Andrews, Emma S. V.; Leak, David J.; Danson, Michael J.; Arcus, Vickery L.; Crennell, Susan J.

    2016-01-01

    Pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC; EC 4.1.1.1) is a thiamine pyrophosphate- and Mg2+ ion-dependent enzyme that catalyses the non-oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to acetaldehyde and carbon dioxide. It is rare in bacteria, but is a key enzyme in homofermentative metabolism, where ethanol is the major product. Here, the previously unreported crystal structure of the bacterial pyruvate decarboxylase from Zymobacter palmae is presented. The crystals were shown to diffract to 2.15 Å resolution. They belonged to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 204.56, b = 177.39, c = 244.55 Å and R r.i.m. = 0.175 (0.714 in the highest resolution bin). The structure was solved by molecular replacement using PDB entry 2vbi as a model and the final R values were R work = 0.186 (0.271 in the highest resolution bin) and R free = 0.220 (0.300 in the highest resolution bin). Each of the six tetramers is a dimer of dimers, with each monomer sharing its thiamine pyrophosphate across the dimer interface, and some contain ethylene glycol mimicking the substrate pyruvate in the active site. Comparison with other bacterial PDCs shows a correlation of higher thermostability with greater tetramer interface area and number of interactions. PMID:27599861

  3. A Comparison of the Physicochemical Properties and Fatty Acid Composition of Indaiá (Attalea dubia) and Babassu (Orbignya phalerata) Oils

    PubMed Central

    Silva Ferreira, Bianca; Pereira Faza, Lara; Le Hyaric, Mireille

    2012-01-01

    The physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of Attalea dubia (Mart.) Burret (indaiá) seed oil were investigated. The oil was extracted in a soxhlet apparatus using petroleum ether and evaluated for iodine, acid, peroxide, ester, and saponification values. The oil was also analyzed using infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The fatty acid profile of the oil was determined by GC-MS. For each analysis indaiá oil was compared to Orbignya phalerata (babassu) oil. The two oils appeared to be very similar in their fatty acid composition, in which lauric acid (the most abundant), myristic acid, caprylic acid, and capric acid were the four main fatty acids detected. The unsaturated fatty acids content was lower for indaiá oil (5.8%) than for babassu oil (9.4%). The results suggest that indaiá palm tree could be cultivated as a new source of vegetable oil with potential for food and cosmetic industries. PMID:22593692

  4. A comparison of the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of indaiá (Attalea dubia) and Babassu (Orbignya phalerata) oils.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Bianca Silva; Faza, Lara Pereira; Le Hyaric, Mireille

    2012-01-01

    The physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of Attalea dubia (Mart.) Burret (indaiá) seed oil were investigated. The oil was extracted in a soxhlet apparatus using petroleum ether and evaluated for iodine, acid, peroxide, ester, and saponification values. The oil was also analyzed using infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The fatty acid profile of the oil was determined by GC-MS. For each analysis indaiá oil was compared to Orbignya phalerata (babassu) oil. The two oils appeared to be very similar in their fatty acid composition, in which lauric acid (the most abundant), myristic acid, caprylic acid, and capric acid were the four main fatty acids detected. The unsaturated fatty acids content was lower for indaiá oil (5.8%) than for babassu oil (9.4%). The results suggest that indaiá palm tree could be cultivated as a new source of vegetable oil with potential for food and cosmetic industries.

  5. Metasomatism in the oceanic lithosphere beneath La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janisch, Astrid; Ntaflos, Theodoros

    2016-04-01

    La Palma is the most active island within the Canary archipelago with historical eruption along the Cumbre Vieja Rift. Mantle peridotite xenoliths brought to the surface during the eruption 1677/78 at the site of San Antonio Volcano, close to Fuencaliente in the south of the island, gives us an excellent opportunity to study an old oceanic lithosphere. The collection of xenoliths comprises sp-harzburgites, sp-lherzolites, sp-dunites and pyroxenites but only the first three were used for this work. Metasomatic processes are evident in all samples. A common feature is a variable channelling of melt flow through the mantle xenoliths displayed in variations from pervasively metasomatized, through veined to dyke intruded peridotites. Orthopyroxene breakdown into olivine, clinopyroxene and glass is evidence for anhydrous melt percolation. Furthermore, fine-grained veins in various thicknesses consisting of olivine, pyroxene as well as amphibole with apatite and phlogopite reveal additional anhydrous and hydrous metasomatic processes, respectively. Peridotites mainly influenced by anhydrous metasomatism exhibit locally phlogopite and/or amphibole around spinel or in glass-veinlets. Pentlandite has been found in all veined samples. Amphiboles are mostly pargasites but kaersutites are also present in the amphibole-bearing veins. Two different types of amphibole veins have been recognized. The first type is an amphibole-apatite-glass-bearing amphibolite, forming a cross-cutting vein that propagates through the xenolith. The amphiboles in this vein are coarse-grained while the disseminated amphiboles are fine-grained. Clinopyroxene always occurs in association with amphibole and in textural equilibrium suggesting that both minerals have grown together. The glass is of tephritic/basanitic to trachy-basaltic composition. The second amphibole-vein contains phlogopite and traces of apatite. Textural evidence (cross-cutting olivine grains and the absence of hydrous minerals in the

  6. Genome-Wide Identification and Transferability of Microsatellite Markers between Palmae Species

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Yong; Xia, Wei; Ma, Jianwei; Mason, Annaliese S.; Fan, Haikuo; Shi, Peng; Lei, Xintao; Ma, Zilong; Peng, Ming

    2016-01-01

    The Palmae family contains 202 genera and approximately 2800 species. Except for Elaeis guineensis and Phoenix dactylifera, almost no genetic and genomic information is available for Palmae species. Therefore, this is an obstacle to the conservation and genetic assessment of Palmae species, especially those that are currently endangered. The study was performed to develop a large number of microsatellite markers which can be used for genetic analysis in different Palmae species. Based on the assembled genome of E. guineensis and P. dactylifera, a total of 814 383 and 371 629 microsatellites were identified. Among these microsatellites identified in E. guineensis, 734 509 primer pairs could be designed from the flanking sequences of these microsatellites. The majority (618 762) of these designed primer pairs had in silico products in the genome of E. guineensis. These 618 762 primer pairs were subsequently used to in silico amplify the genome of P. dactylifera. A total of 7 265 conserved microsatellites were identified between E. guineensis and P. dactylifera. One hundred and thirty-five primer pairs flanking the conserved SSRs were stochastically selected and validated to have high cross-genera transferability, varying from 16.7 to 93.3% with an average of 73.7%. These genome-wide conserved microsatellite markers will provide a useful tool for genetic assessment and conservation of different Palmae species in the future. PMID:27826307

  7. Ethanol production from cellobiose by Zymobacter palmae carrying the Ruminocuccus albus beta-glucosidase gene.

    PubMed

    Yanase, Hideshi; Yamamoto, Keiko; Sato, Dai; Okamoto, Kenji

    2005-07-21

    Its metabolic characteristics suggest Zymobacter palmae gen. nov., sp. nov. could serve as a useful new ethanol-fermenting bacterium, but its biotechnological exploitation would require certain genetic improvements. We therefore established a method for transforming Z. palmae using the broad-host vector plasmids pRK290, pMFY31 and pMFY40 as a source of transforming DNA. Using electroporation, the frequency of transformation was 10(5) to 10(6) transformants/mug of DNA. To confer the ability to ferment cellobiose, which is a hydrolysis product from cellulosic materials treated enzymatically or with acid, the beta-glucosidase gene from Ruminococcus albus was introduced into Z. palmae, where its expression was driven by its endogenous promoter. About 56% of the enzyme expressed was localized on the cell-surface or in the periplasm. The recombinant Z. palmae could ferment 2% cellobiose to ethanol, producing 95% of the theoretical yield with no accumulation of organic acids as metabolic by-products. Thus, expression of beta-glucosidase in Z. palmae expanded the substrate spectrum of the strain, enabling ethanol production from cellulosic materials.

  8. The morphometry of Lake Palmas, a deep natural lake in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Barroso, Gilberto F; Gonçalves, Monica A; Garcia, Fábio da C

    2014-01-01

    Lake Palmas (A = 10.3km2) is located in the Lower Doce River Valley (LDRV), on the southeastern coast of Brazil. The Lake District of the LDRV includes 90 lakes, whose basic geomorphology is associated with the alluvial valleys of the Barreiras Formation (Cenozoic, Neogene) and with the Holocene coastal plain. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of morphometry and thermal pattern of a LDRV deep lake, Lake Palmas. A bathymetric survey carried out in 2011 and the analysis of hydrographic and wind data with a geographic information system allowed the calculation of several metrics of lake morphometry. The vertical profiling of physical and chemical variables in the water column during the wet/warm and dry/mild cold seasons of 2011 to 2013 has furnished a better understanding of the influence of the lake morphometry on its structure and function. The overdeepened basin has a subrectangular elongated shape and is aligned in a NW-SE direction in an alluvial valley with a maximum depth (Zmax) of 50.7 m, a volume of 2.2×10(8) m3 (0.22 km3) and a mean depth (Zmv) of 21.4m. These metrics suggest Lake Palmas as the deepest natural lake in Brazil. Water column profiling has indicated strong physical and chemical stratification during the wet/warm season, with a hypoxic/anoxic layer occupying one-half of the lake volume. The warm monomictic pattern of Lake Palmas, which is in an accordance to deep tropical lakes, is determined by water column mixing during the dry and mild cold season, especially under the influence of a high effective fetch associated with the incidence of cold fronts. Lake Palmas has a very long theoretical retention time, with a mean of 19.4 years. The changes observed in the hydrological flows of the tributary rivers may disturb the ecological resilience of Lake Palmas.

  9. The Morphometry of Lake Palmas, a Deep Natural Lake in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Barroso, Gilberto F.; Gonçalves, Monica A.; Garcia, Fábio da C.

    2014-01-01

    Lake Palmas (A = 10.3km2) is located in the Lower Doce River Valley (LDRV), on the southeastern coast of Brazil. The Lake District of the LDRV includes 90 lakes, whose basic geomorphology is associated with the alluvial valleys of the Barreiras Formation (Cenozoic, Neogene) and with the Holocene coastal plain. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of morphometry and thermal pattern of a LDRV deep lake, Lake Palmas. A bathymetric survey carried out in 2011 and the analysis of hydrographic and wind data with a geographic information system allowed the calculation of several metrics of lake morphometry. The vertical profiling of physical and chemical variables in the water column during the wet/warm and dry/mild cold seasons of 2011 to 2013 has furnished a better understanding of the influence of the lake morphometry on its structure and function. The overdeepened basin has a subrectangular elongated shape and is aligned in a NW-SE direction in an alluvial valley with a maximum depth (Zmax) of 50.7m, a volume of 2.2×108 m3 (0.22km3) and a mean depth (Zmv) of 21.4m. These metrics suggest Lake Palmas as the deepest natural lake in Brazil. Water column profiling has indicated strong physical and chemical stratification during the wet/warm season, with a hypoxic/anoxic layer occupying one-half of the lake volume. The warm monomictic pattern of Lake Palmas, which is in an accordance to deep tropical lakes, is determined by water column mixing during the dry and mild cold season, especially under the influence of a high effective fetch associated with the incidence of cold fronts. Lake Palmas has a very long theoretical retention time, with a mean of 19.4 years. The changes observed in the hydrological flows of the tributary rivers may disturb the ecological resilience of Lake Palmas. PMID:25406062

  10. At Work in the Genre Laboratory: Brian DePalma's "Scarface."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsch, Tricia

    1997-01-01

    Postulates that, if genres serve as problem-solving constructs for the cultures they reflect and are fundamentally conservative structures committed to temporary resolutions of the hopeless contradictions that produce their dramas, then Brian DePalma's "Scarface" exemplifies the ways gangster films of the 1980s redefined generic…

  11. Depleted and metasomatized oceanic lithosphere beneath La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janisch, Astrid; Ntaflos, Theodoros

    2017-04-01

    Due to the inaccessibility of Earth's interior, xenoliths became the best possibility to study the chemical composition of the earth mantle as well as its various processes. Three samples out of the sample suite of mantle peridotites from San Antonio Volcano on La Palma, Canary Islands, have been chosen to illustrate three examples of diverse mantle metasomatic events. The first sample, a pyroxene-hornblende-peridotite, was influenced by an alkali-rich, silicic-hydrous undersaturated melt and/or fluid forming a conspicuous cross-cutting amphibole-apatite-dyke with several veins percolating through the rock. Forsterite content in olivine varies between 82.5 - 85.5 and 86.0 - 89.0, suggesting at least two different occurrences of metasomatic overprint. Clinopyroxenes are mostly found in association with amphibole and in textural equilibrium hinting that both minerals may have grown together, while orthopyroxene have only been found as remnant inclusions in olivine. These clinopyroxenes are Cr-Diopsides with En43.40-50.97-Wo43.99-48.64-Fs4.30-8.22 and Mg# between 85.54 and 92.36. Secondary clinopyroxenes are Ti-Augites with En39.86-46.81-Wo46.65-51.98-Fs5.86-8.72 and Mg# of 82.44 - 89.09. The second sample, a sp-dunite, is characterized by haüyne-bearing melt veins which clearly indicate host-basalt infiltration. The haüyne is always in contact with amphibole, spinel and clinopyroxene denoting that they have been formed at the same time because there is no evidence for reaction among these phases. The melt infiltration apparently took place prior to xenolith entrainment in the host basalt. Primary olivine has Fo content of 89.57 - 89.67 with NiO ranging from 0.32 - 0.334, in contrast Fo content in secondary olivine varies from 89.05 - 90.86 and NiO fluctuates between 0.24 - 0.31. Cr-Diopside compositions are in range of En41.63-47.05-Wo47.83-51-90-Fs4.93-6.64 and Mg# between 86.48 - 90.50. The third sample is also a sp-dunite and marked by a network of phlogopite

  12. [Arthropod community associated with the canopy of Attalea phalerata Mart. (Arecaceae) during the flood period of the Pantanal of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Battirola, Leandro D; Adis, Joachim; Marques, Marinêz I; Silva, Fábio H O

    2007-01-01

    Six trees of the palm species Attalea phalerata Mart. were sampled during high water (aquatic phase) of the Pantanal of Mato Grosso (February 2001), by canopy fogging. The composition, structure, and biomass of the arthropod community associated with their canopies were analysed, as well as the influence the flood pulse renders on it. Each tree was fogged once, followed by three consecutive collections. A total of 63,657 arthropods (643.0 +/-; 259.87 ind./m(2)) were collected, representing 25 orders in the classes Insecta, Arachnida, Diplopoda and Crustacea. The dominant groups were Acari (40.0%; 257.2 +/- 116.50 ind./m(2)), Coleoptera (12.0%; 77.5 +/- 64.93 ind./m(2)), Psocoptera (9.2%; 59.0 +/- 38.00 ind./m(2)), Diptera (8.4%; 54.1 +/- 18.72 ind./m(2)), Collembola (8.3%; 53.4 +/- 26.24 ind./m(2)) and Hymenoptera (7.9%; 50.6 +/- 21.40 ind./m(2)), the latter mostly represented by Formicidae (49.2%). Arthropod biomass amounted to 8.86 g dry weight and 0.18 mg/m(2). Coleoptera, Blattodea, Orthoptera, Araneae and Hymenoptera were the most representative taxa. The hydrological regime (flood pulse), as well as seasonality, appear to strongly affect the composition and structure of this canopy community.

  13. Direct ethanol production from cellulosic materials by Zymobacter palmae carrying Cellulomonas endoglucanase and Ruminococcus β-glucosidase genes.

    PubMed

    Kojima, Motoki; Okamoto, Kenji; Yanase, Hideshi

    2013-06-01

    In order to reduce the cost of bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass, we conferred the ability to ferment cellulosic materials directly on Zymobacter palmae by co-expressing foreign endoglucanase and β-glucosidase genes. Z. palmae is a novel ethanol-fermenting bacterium capable of utilizing a broad range of sugar substrates, but not cellulose. Therefore, the six genes encoding the cellulolytic enzymes (CenA, CenB, CenD, CbhA, CbhB, and Cex) from Cellulomonas fimi were introduced and expressed in Z. palmae. Of these cellulolytic enzyme genes cloned, CenA degraded carboxymethylcellulose and phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose (PASC) efficiently. The extracellular CenA catalyzed the hydrolysis of barley β-glucan and PASC to liberate soluble cello-oligosaccharides, indicating that CenA is the most suitable enzyme for cellulose degradation among those cellulolytic enzymes expressed in Z. palmae. Furthermore, the cenA gene and β-glucosidase gene (bgl) from Ruminococcus albus were co-expressed in Z. palmae. Of the total endoglucanase and β-glucosidase activities, 57.1 and 18.1 % were localized in the culture medium of the strain. The genetically engineered strain completely saccharified and fermented 20 g/l barley β-glucan to ethanol within 84 h, producing 79.5 % of the theoretical yield. Thus, the production and secretion of CenA and BGL enabled Z. palmae to efficiently ferment a water-soluble cellulosic polysaccharide to ethanol.

  14. Early Palma procedure after iliac vein injury in abdominal penetrating trauma.

    PubMed

    Alcocer, Francisco; Aguilar, Jesus; Agraz, Salvador; Jordan, William D

    2008-09-01

    Ligation for penetrating abdominal vein trauma may have better outcome than a vascular reconstruction in an unstable patient. However, symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency may appear over time. We describe our surgical experience with 4 patients who underwent iliac vein ligation followed by venous bypass with a modified Palma derivation between 48 and 240 hours after sustaining penetrating abdominal trauma with concomitant iliac vein injury. Patients were assessed for venous symptoms and conduit patency with continuous wave Doppler and duplex scanning. One graft occluded acutely and the remaining three remain patent with functioning valves. In order to preserve venous outflow after severe iliac vein injury, we think that venous ligation as a part of damage control surgery followed by a modified Palma operation may prevent chronic symptoms of venous outflow obstruction without compromising an already injured patient.

  15. Samples from the Jurassic ocean crust beneath Gran Canaria, La Palma and Lanzarote (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich; Klügel, Andreas; Hansteen, Thor H.; Hoernle, Kaj; van den Bogaard, Paul

    1998-11-01

    Gabbro and minor metabasalt fragments of MORB composition were found on three of the seven Canary Islands. On Gran Canaria, they occur as metamorphosed (greenschist facies) metabasalt and metagabbro clasts in Miocene fanglomerates and sandstones overlying the shield basalts. On Lanzarote and La Palma, MORB gabbros occur as xenoliths in Pleistocene and historic basanite scoria cones and lava flows. The MORB xenoliths are interpreted as fragments of layers 2 and 3 of the underlying Mesozoic oceanic crust, based on mineral compositions (An-rich plagioclase, Ti- and Al-poor clinopyroxene, ± orthopyroxene ± olivine), depleted major and trace element signatures, and Jurassic ages (ca. 180 Ma) determined on single primary plagioclase and secondary amphibole crystals using the 40Ar/ 39Ar laser technique. The Lanzarote gabbros are very mafic (mg# 87 to 89 in clinopyroxene), moderately deformed, and highly depleted. Gran Canaria gabbros are more evolved (mg# 69 to 83 in clinopyroxene) and texturally mostly isotropic. La Palma MORB gabbros have a range of compositions (mg# 68 to 83 in clinopyroxene), some rocks being strongly metasomatized by interaction with basanite magma. The occurrence of MORB fragments on Lanzarote provides definite evidence that oceanic crust beneath the Canary Island archipelago continues at least as far east as the eastern Canary Islands. We postulate that MORB gabbros on Lanzarote which are commonly associated with peridotite xenoliths, represent the base of oceanic layer 3 where gabbros and peridotites were possibly tectonically interleaved. Such tectonic mixing would explain the enigmatic seismic velocities in this area. Gabbro xenoliths from La Palma were derived from within layer 3, probably from wall rock close to magma reservoirs emplaced during the Pleistocene/Holocene growth of La Palma. The Gran Canaria xenoliths are interpreted to represent the metamorphosed layer 2 and upper layer 3. The abundance of lower crustal xenoliths emphasizes

  16. Study of the histopathological types of cutaneous melanoma in Palmas-TO from 2001 to 2011*

    PubMed Central

    da Costa, Nilo Fernandes; Fernandes, Nurimar Conceição; Borges, Myrlena Regina Machado Mescouto

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is considered serious for causing frequent metastasis, presenting high mortality, resistance to available therapies and incidences in laboring activity. OBJECTIVES To study the histopathological types of cutaneous melanoma in Palmas-TO from 2001 to 2011, according to risk factors, location of lesions, Clark levels and Breslow thickness. METHODS A descriptive, retrospective and quantitative research in reports of the Serviços de Anatomia Patológica in Palmas (SAPP) and Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de Palmas (RCBPP). RESULTS The years of highest incidences were: 2004 (8 cases/17.8%), 2008 and 2011 (7 cases each/15.6%) and 2010 (6 cases/13.3%). Among the 45 cases studied, there were predominance in patients between 41 and 60 years old, women, caucasians, farmers, located in trunk, in situ type, superficial extensive and metastatic cutaneous, Clark levels I (20%) and IV (17.7%), Breslow thickness ≤1 mm (35.5%) and 2.01 to 4 mm (24.4%). CONCLUSIONS The most common histopathological types were: cutaneous melanoma in situ, superficial extensive and metastatic, followed by nodular cutaneous melanoma, and finally, by other forms. In this study, Clark levels and Breslow thickness pointed to greater importance of thin melanomas and sun exposure without appropriate protection in farmers. PMID:26560208

  17. Oceanic propagation of a potential tsunami from the La Palma Island

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    LøVholt, F.; Pedersen, G.; Gisler, G.

    2008-09-01

    The likelihood of a large scale tsunami from the La Palma Island is considered small by most. Nevertheless, the potential catastrophic consequences call for attention. Here we report on numerical simulations of a tsunami that might result from the extreme case of a flank collapse of the Cumbre Vieja volcano at the La Palma Island, done by combining a multimaterial model for the wave generation with Boussinesq models for the far-field propagation. Our simulations show that the slide speed is close to critical, effectively generating an initial wave of several hundred meters height. Our main focus is the wave propagation which is genuinely dispersive. In the far-field, propagation becomes increasingly complex due to the combined effects of dispersion, refraction, and interference in the direction of propagation. Constructive interference of the trailing waves are found to decrease the decay of the maximum amplitude with distance compared to classical asymptotic theory at transatlantic distances. Thus, the commonly used hydrostatic models fail to describe the propagation. Consequences of the La Palma scenario would be largest at the Canary Islands, but our findings also suggests that the whole central Atlantic would face grave consequences. However, the largest surface elevations are smaller than the most pessimistic reports found in literature. We also find undular bores towards the shorelines of America.

  18. Structural results for La Palma island using 3-D gravity inversion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camacho, A. G.; FernáNdez, J.; GonzáLez, P. J.; Rundle, J. B.; Prieto, J. F.; Arjona, A.

    2009-05-01

    A recent gravity survey composed of 317 bench marks all over the island of La Palma (Canary Islands) is used, in combination with satellite data for regional aspects, to obtain results about structural properties of the island connected with the tectonic environment and local volcanism. To that end, a nonlinear three-dimensional gravity inversion approach is considered. The inversion scheme provides, in a nonsubjective form, the geometry of the anomalous bodies constructed in a random growth process. Results from the inversion can be interpreted in the framework of the geologic evolution of this ocean island volcano as a complex composite volcano with a large central body with high-density corresponding to the older intrusive part of the basalt complex. New unexpected features are enlightened, such as large thermal anomalies in the upper mantle southward of La Palma, as well as fracture en echelon zones associable to a slow active process of dislocation related to the recent volcanism in the southern half of the island. The results obtained for La Palma as a test site testify to the usefulness of the developed gravity inversion methodology for structural studies on islands in general.

  19. Study of the histopathological types of cutaneous melanoma in Palmas-TO from 2001 to 2011.

    PubMed

    Costa, Nilo Fernandes da; Fernandes, Nurimar Conceição; Borges, Myrlena Regina Machado Mescouto

    2015-01-01

    Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is considered serious for causing frequent metastasis, presenting high mortality, resistance to available therapies and incidences in laboring activity. To study the histopathological types of cutaneous melanoma in Palmas-TO from 2001 to 2011, according to risk factors, location of lesions, Clark levels and Breslow thickness. A descriptive, retrospective and quantitative research in reports of the Serviços de Anatomia Patológica in Palmas (SAPP) and Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de Palmas (RCBPP). The years of highest incidences were: 2004 (8 cases/17.8%), 2008 and 2011 (7 cases each/15.6%) and 2010 (6 cases/13.3%). Among the 45 cases studied, there were predominance in patients between 41 and 60 years old, women, caucasians, farmers, located in trunk, in situ type, superficial extensive and metastatic cutaneous, Clark levels I (20%) and IV (17.7%), Breslow thickness ≤1 mm (35.5%) and 2.01 to 4 mm (24.4%). The most common histopathological types were: cutaneous melanoma in situ, superficial extensive and metastatic, followed by nodular cutaneous melanoma, and finally, by other forms. In this study, Clark levels and Breslow thickness pointed to greater importance of thin melanomas and sun exposure without appropriate protection in farmers.

  20. The history of intrusive activity on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staudigel, H.; Feraud, G.; Giannerini, G.

    1986-03-01

    The island of La Palma, located in the northwest of the Canary archipelago, consists of two main geological units. (1) The subaerial extrusive Coberta Series covers most of the island and consists of alkali basaltic lavas, phonolitic plugs, and pyroclastic rocks, erupted between 1.61 Ma and the Recent. (2) The basement complex is exposed in the Barranco de Las Angustias and the Caldera de Taburiente and consists of the submarine intrusive and extrusive Seamount Series and a basal plutonic complex. Alkali basaltic dikes of different ages and orientations intruded in both units. Three groups of dikes and sills can be distinguished, based on their field relationships, petrography, geochemistry and ages. The oldest Group I, represent the feeder dikes to the Seamount Series, intruded between 2.9 and 4.0 Ma B.P. They were originally steep, with a N05°W strike and perpendicular to the originally nearly flat bedding of the layered Seamount Series. Subsequent to emplacement, Group I dikes and the extrusives of the Seamount Series were rotated into their present orientation. Group II sills, intruded parallel to the bedding of the Seamount Series ( {45}/{230}), are coeval with or younger than Group I, but older than the erosional unconformity separating the Coberta and the basement complex (i.e. > 1.6 Ma; < 4.0 Ma). Group III dikes, the feeder dikes of the Coberta Series, occur in the Coberta Series and the basement complex and are generally steep with variable strike. Two apparent maxima in strike are interpreted as a radial dike swarm with a dominant strike of N06°E. K/Ar age data suggest that Group III dikes intruded between 0.63 and 0.73 Ma in the western portion of La Palma, between 0.51 and 1.30 Ma in the north, and in the Cumbre Nueva between 0.53 and 0.70 Ma. There is no correlation of intrusive age and direction. Group I and III dikes and volcanic lineations on La Palma display a dominant northern direction of maximum horizontal compressive stress, throughout the

  1. Stability analysis of Western flank of Cumbre Vieja volcano (La Palma) using numerical modelling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bru, Guadalupe; Gonzalez, Pablo J.; Fernandez-Merodo, Jose A.; Fernandez, Jose

    2016-04-01

    La Palma volcanic island is one of the youngest of the Canary archipelago, being a composite volcano formed by three overlapping volcanic centers. There are clear onshore and offshore evidences of past giant landslides that have occurred during its evolution. Currently, the active Cumbre Vieja volcano is in an early development state (Carracedo et al., 2001). The study of flank instability processes aim to assess, among other hazards, catastrophic collapse and potential tsunami generation. Early studies of the potential instability of Cumbre Vieja volcano western flank have focused on the use of sparse geodetic networks (Moss et al. 1999), surface geological mapping techniques (Day et al. 1999) and offshore bathymetry (Urgeles et al. 1999). Recently, a dense GNSS network and satellite radar interferometry results indicate ground motion consistent with deep-seated creeping processes (Prieto et al. 2009, Gonzalez et al. 2010). In this work, we present a geomechanical advanced numerical model that captures the ongoing deformation processes at Cumbre Vieja. We choose the Finite Elements Method (FEM) which is based in continuum mechanics and is the most used for geotechnical applications. FEM has the ability of using arbitrary geometry, heterogeneities, irregular boundaries and different constitutive models representative of the geotechnical units involved. Our main contribution is the introduction of an inverse approach to constrain the geomechanical parameters using satellite radar interferometry displacements. This is the first application of such approach on a large volcano flank study. We suggest that the use of surface displacements and inverse methods to rigorously constrain the geomechanical model parameter space is a powerful tool to understand volcano flank instability. A particular important result of the studied case is the estimation of displaced rock volume, which is a parameter of critical importance for simulations of Cumbre Vieja tsunamigenic hazard

  2. InSAR Measurements of Flank Stability at Cumbre Vieja Volcano, La Palma (Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holley, Rachel; Thomas, Adam; Li, Zhenhong; McGuire, Bill; Ziebart, Marek; Day, Simon

    2010-03-01

    It has been suggested that instability of the western flank of Cumbre Vieja volcano, on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands), could have the potential to result in a lateral collapse of the flank, which in turn could generate an Atlantic tsunami. InSAR measurements provide an excellent way to corroborate data from GPS and structural surveys to provide independent corroboration. This work will use maps of atmospheric phase delay to improve the accuracy of persistent scatterer interferometry results over the island, and integrate these measurements with new GPS data, to give a complete assessment of flank stability and allow better assessment of the risks posed by the volcano.

  3. Recurrent large-scale landsliding on the west flank of La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urgeles, Roger; Masson, Douglas G.; Canals, Miquel; Watts, Anthony B.; Le Bas, Tim

    1999-11-01

    A large area of debris avalanche deposits has been discovered on the western submarine flanks of the island of La Palma. Multibeam bathymetry and its derivative backscatter data, Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument (TOBI) sidescan sonar images, and 3.5 kHz and airgun seismic reflection data have been used to identify at least two, and possibly as many as four, major landslide events. The youngest of the events, the Cumbre Nueva Debris Avalanche, extends onshore into the valleys bounded by the Caldera de Taburiente and Cumbre Nueva Ridge, which mark the degraded collapse scars. Radiometric dating of the volcanic flows in the headwall indicate an age of between 536 and 125 ka for this landslide. The debris avalanche covers an area of 780 km2, has a maximum thickness of 500 m, and has an estimated volume of 95 km3. Older deposits, collectively referred to as the Playa de la Veta Debris Avalanche Complex, are probably, as the name indicates, an amalgamation of at least two or three events rather than the result of a single catastrophic failure. The Playa de la Veta Debris Avalanche Complex is associated onshore with an unconformity dated as late Matuyama (1 Ma to 800 ka). It covers an area of 1200 km2, has a maximum thickness of 1300 m, and may represent a total volume of up to 650 km3. The greater thicknesses and limited areas occupied by debris avalanches on the western flank of La Palma, compared to other landslides in the Canary Archipelago, suggest that the La Palma landslide masses have relatively low mobility. The different debris avalanche lobes formed by each landslide event are separated by channels 2-2.5 km wide. The clear relationship between channel position and the boundaries of each debris avalanche lobe indicates that debris avalanches control later channel formation and pathways. The relief of the submarine flanks of the La Palma volcanoes, in the areas of island slope unaffected by landslides, is mainly the result of constructional volcanic processes

  4. Paleonutritional analysis on the prehispanic population from La Palma (Canary Islands).

    PubMed

    Pérez-González, E; Arnay-de-la-Rosa, M; González-Reimers, E; Galindo-Martín, L; Velasco-Vázquez, J

    2001-02-01

    In this study, we determine bone strontium, barium, and calcium, as well as zinc, copper, and iron, in prehispanic samples belonging to adult individuals from the two main funerary caves from La Palma (Espigón and Barranco Porto), comparing them with our own modern controls. We have found that the Ba/Sr molar ratio of the individuals from Barranco Porto are significantly lower than that of the individuals from Espigón, thus suggesting a consumption of a marine-based diet by the former.

  5. PALMA: mRNA to genome alignments using large margin algorithms.

    PubMed

    Schulze, Uta; Hepp, Bettina; Ong, Cheng Soon; Rätsch, Gunnar

    2007-08-01

    Despite many years of research on how to properly align sequences in the presence of sequencing errors, alternative splicing and micro-exons, the correct alignment of mRNA sequences to genomic DNA is still a challenging task. We present a novel approach based on large margin learning that combines accurate splice site predictions with common sequence alignment techniques. By solving a convex optimization problem, our algorithm-called PALMA-tunes the parameters of the model such that true alignments score higher than other alignments. We study the accuracy of alignments of mRNAs containing artificially generated micro-exons to genomic DNA. In a carefully designed experiment, we show that our algorithm accurately identifies the intron boundaries as well as boundaries of the optimal local alignment. It outperforms all other methods: for 5702 artificially shortened EST sequences from Caenorhabditis elegans and human, it correctly identifies the intron boundaries in all except two cases. The best other method is a recently proposed method called exalin which misaligns 37 of the sequences. Our method also demonstrates robustness to mutations, insertions and deletions, retaining accuracy even at high noise levels. Datasets for training, evaluation and testing, additional results and a stand-alone alignment tool implemented in C++ and python are available at http://www.fml.mpg.de/raetsch/projects/palma

  6. Sorption of U(VI) to G. uraniireducens and A. palmae under Old Rifle Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leavitt, J.; Cabaniss, S.; Howe, K.; Comolli, L.; Long, P.; Stucker, V.

    2011-12-01

    Microbial reduction as a remediation method for uranium contaminated Department of Energy (DOE) sites has been explored with promising results. Although transport models have been improved to include variations in geochemical concentration, reductive microbial processes and adsorption of uranium to minerals, they do not incorporate the presence of microbes as possible sorption surfaces that may influence the overall transport of uranium. Our overall objective is to examine U(VI) sorption to biomass by determining partition coefficients between U(VI) and the microbial species of Geobacter uraniireducens and Acholeplasma palmae. Once these partition coefficients are obtained, they will be incorporated into a thermodynamic model with the geochemical parameters of the Old Rifle Site. Preliminary results indicate that U(VI) sorbs 1000X more strongly to bacteria under atmospheric pCO2 conditions than under 2% pCO2 conditions. U(VI) sorption to the surface of G. uraniireducens is 4X stronger than to the surface of A. Palmae and in high-DIC waters is comparable in strength to reported U(VI)-mineral surface sorption. While the concentration of G. uraniireducens during and after remediation results in relatively small sorption site density, the possibility persists that sorption to G. uraniireducens may retard uranium transport at the geochemical gradients which exist in nature.

  7. New A-DInSAR study of La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. Results and interpretation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Escayo, Joaquín; Bru, Guadalupe; Camacho, Antonio; Prieto, Juan F.; Mallorquí, Jordi J.; Fernández, José

    2016-04-01

    We present new results on the deformation field for La Palma Island in the Canary Archipelago using the complete archive of Envisat (2004-2010). The recent volcanic activity registered in La Palma (at historical and subhistorical times, there have been seven eruptions, in ca. A.D. 1480, 1585, 1646, 1677, 1712, 1949 and 1971) and the absence of any geodetic monitoring system implemented in the Island at the 90's converts A-DInSAR studies in an basic information source for the study of surface displacements. From late 90's several geodetic studies using GNSS, gravimetry and InSAR techniques has been carried out in the island (see Fernández et al., 2015 for a summary). We improve previous radar satellite results by increasing the temporal coverage and using more images, which generates a greater interferogram set, and using a recently developed A-DInSAR processing technique which includes an error estimation for the LOS mean velocity and deformation time series ("Subsidence" software, developed by the "Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, see e.g., Blanco-Sánchez et al., 2008, and Centolanza, 2015). Our A-DInSAR results are compared with previous InSAR ones and with GNSS results obtained from campaigns. A discussion and interpretation of the results is also presented. Radar images have been provided by ESA through Cat.-1 13933 project.

  8. Petrological and geochemical studies of mantle xenoliths from La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janisch, Astrid; Ntaflos, Theodoros

    2015-04-01

    La Palma is the second youngest island, after El Hierro, of the Canary archipelago. The archipelago consists of seven large islands, forming an east-west-trending island chain, and several seamounts. All together they form a volcanic belt of around 800 km length and 450 km width, which presumably comprises roughly the Canary hotspot. The islands are located off the western coast of Morocco, Africa. The distance ranges from 100 km to 500 km. Concurrently with the distance, subaerial volcanism age progresses from the oldest lava in the east to the youngest in the west of the archipelago. Presently, La Palma is in the shield building stage of growth (alongside with El Hierro and Tenerife) and is furthermore the fastest growing island of the Canary archipelago. Historical volcanic eruptions are restricted on the younger islands, La Palma and El Hierro, with the last eruption at the south end of La Palma in 1971. Mantle xenoliths described in this work were collected at the slopes of San Antonio Volcano, Fuencaliente, brought to the surface during the 1677/1678 eruption. The mantle xenolith collection comprises sp-lherzolites, sp-harzburgites and pyroxenites. The texture can be distinguished between coarse-grained matrix and fine-grained veins in various thicknesses, mostly with olivine and pyroxene but also with amphibole, phlogopite as well as apatite. Mineral analyses reveal the existence of primary and secondary ol, cpx and opx. Primary ol has Fo contents of 89.2 to 91.7 and NiO ranging from 0.3 to 0.45 wt.%, whereas secondary ol show Fo values of 78.4 to 91.9 but with NiO below 0.3 wt.%. Primary cpx are predominantly Cr-Diopsides with En48.7-51.9-Wo43.5-44.3-Fs4.1-4.9 and Mg# of 91.5 to 92.4. Secondary cpx, primarily Ti-Augit, display En36.7-44.4-Wo47.7-49.6-Fs6.7-13.0 and Mg# of 75.3 to 90.8. Primary opx compositions are in range of En89.3-90.6-Wo1.3-1.5-Fs8.1-9.3 with Mg# between 90.7 and 92.0. Secondary opx exhibit En88.7-89.2-Wo1.7-1.9-Fs9.1-9.5 and Mg# of 90

  9. An RAS Specialist Meeting, London, 14 October 2005: "Science from La Palma - Looking Beyond 2009"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lennon, D.; Evans, C.; Drew, J.

    2005-12-01

    In 2009 the international agreement setting up the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma will have been in existence for a period of 30 years. In 2007 the United Kingdom will have to make a decision on whether or not to withdraw from that agreement and PPARC, through its ownership of the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, has the responsibility of deciding on the UK's involvement in the observatory beyond 2009. As part of the decision making process, and in support of the UK's overall strategic re-evaluation in astronomy, the ING was reviewed during 2005. It was therefore thought timely to assess recent scientific achievements from the Roque de los Muchachos, and to consider what role the observatory might have beyond 2009. Under the auspices of the Royal Astronomical Society a Specialist Meeting was held in Burlington House, Piccadilly, London on October 14th 2005 and was attended by approximately 100 astronomers from around the UK.

  10. pt5m - a 0.5 m robotic telescope on La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardy, L. K.; Butterley, T.; Dhillon, V. S.; Littlefair, S. P.; Wilson, R. W.

    2015-12-01

    pt5m is a 0.5 m robotic telescope located on the roof of the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) building, at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, La Palma. Using a five-position filter wheel and CCD detector, and bespoke control software, pt5m provides a high-quality robotic observing facility. The telescope first began robotic observing in 2012, and is now contributing to transient follow-up and time-resolved astronomical studies. In this paper, we present the scientific motivation behind pt5m, as well as the specifications and unique features of the facility. We also present an example of the science we have performed with pt5m, where we measure the radius of the transiting exoplanet WASP-33b. We find a planetary radius of 1.603 ± 0.014RJ.

  11. Antinociceptive and free radical scavenging activities of Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae) husk fiber aqueous extract.

    PubMed

    Alviano, Daniela S; Rodrigues, Karen F; Leitão, Suzana G; Rodrigues, Marcio L; Matheus, Maria Eline; Fernandes, Patrícia D; Antoniolli, Angelo R; Alviano, Celuta S

    2004-06-01

    In the current study, the analgesic and free radical scavenging properties of an aqueous extract from the husk fiber of Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae) were demonstrated by the use of in vivo and in vitro models. The orally administered Cocos nucifera aqueous extract (200 or 400 mg/kg) inhibited the acetic acid-induced writhing response in mice. Tail flick and hot plate assays demonstrated that treatment of animals with this plant extract at 200 mg/kg induced attenuation in the response to a heat stimulus. A LD(50) of 2.30 g/kg was obtained in acute toxicity tests. Topic treatment of rabbits with the Cocos nucifera extract indicated that it does not induce any significant dermic or ocular irritation. In vitro experiments using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) photometric assay demonstrated that this plant extract also possesses free radical scavenging properties.

  12. Evidence for a persistent uplifting of La Palma (Canary Islands), inferred from morphological and radiometric data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hildenbrand, Anthony; Gillot, Pierre-Yves; Soler, Vicente; Lahitte, Pierre

    2003-05-01

    The morpho-structural evolution of La Palma (Canary Islands) is characterized by vertical movements responsible for/or favoring large landslides. In its northern part, conglomerate terraces, nowadays topographically hanged and re-incised by the present-day 'Barranco de Las Angustias', reveal a recent ongoing uplift process. Lava flows covered by this geological unit have been sampled and dated by the K/Ar Cassignol technique at a mean age of 507±11 ka. The minimum rate of uplift inferred, of about 0.4 mm/yr, is similar to the one deduced from the abnormal elevation of the early submarine series [Staudigel and Schmincke, J. Geophys. Res. 89 (1984) 11195-11215]. This indicates that the northern shield may have experienced a global rise fairly constant throughout most of its geological history. It probably results from the combination of regional Atlas tectonic processes and the existence of a swell at the island scale. This global rise, together with the existence of a north-south fault in the basement, may have controlled triggering of the SW flank collapse of the northern shield and the subsequent concentration of magma along a southern, still active topographic ridge, the Cumbre Vieja (CV). Morphological asymmetry of this structure may result from the destabilization of its distal western part, favored by strong injections at the axis. Tilting processes along lateral listric faults can then explain the existence of slope break-ups, especially on the western side of the ridge. Such tectonic processes are likely responsible for local superimposed uplifting contributing to the genesis and development of huge western coastal cliffs, even in sub-historic and historic times. We show that, unlike many oceanic islands, La Palma Island has experienced important positive vertical movements rather than subsidence.

  13. Grazing effects on species composition in different vegetation types (La Palma, Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arévalo, J. R.; de Nascimento, L.; Fernández-Lugo, S.; Mata, J.; Bermejo, L.

    2011-05-01

    Grazing management is probably one of the most extensive land uses, but its effects on plant communities have in many cases been revealed to be contradictory. Some authors have related these contradictions to the stochastic character of grazing systems. Because of that, it is necessary to implement specific analyses of grazing effects on each community, especially in natural protected areas, in order to provide the best information to managers. We studied the effects of grazing on the species composition of the main vegetation types where it takes place (grasslands, shrublands and pine forests) on the island of La Palma, Canary Islands. We used the point-quadrat intersect method to study the species composition of grazed and ungrazed areas, which also were characterized by their altitude, distance to farms, distance to settlements, year of sampling, herbaceous aboveground biomass and soil organic matter. The variables organic matter, productivity and species richness were not significantly affected by grazing. The species composition of the analyzed plant communities was affected more by variables such as altitude or distance to farms than by extensive grazing that has been traditionally carried out on the island of La Palma involving certain practices such as continuous monitoring of animals by goat keepers, medium stocking rates adjusted to the availability of natural pastures, supplementation during the dry season using local forage shrubs or mown pastures and rotating animals within grazing areas Although some studies have shown a negative effect of grazing on endangered plant species, these results cannot be freely extrapolated to the traditional grazing systems that exert a low pressure on plant communities (as has been found in this study). We consider extensive grazing as a viable way of ensuring sustainable management of the studied ecosystems.

  14. Ground deformation in La Palma (Canary Islands) detected using Stacking Radar Interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez, J.; Gonzalez, P. J.; Tiampo, K. F.; Perlock, P. A.; Camacho, A. G.

    2007-12-01

    Ground deformation in ocean volcanic islands can reveal deep accommodation of strain at depth due to very different mechanisms. Nowadays, volcano-tectonics and its relation to volcanic activity is a very open research field. Using InSAR measurements, we are able to detect transient and/or persistent patterns of deformation in this kind of volcanic environments. We have studied an 8-year period (1992-2000) using ERS-1/2 SAR images over the island of La Palma, Canary Islands. First, single interferograms have not shown significant deformation over several cycles (or fringes), and second, La Palma is located in a tropical area so interferometric phase measurements would be greatly affected with the existence of tropospheric water vapour and dense vegetation. In order to mitigate those effects, we use a total number of 48 interferogram to obtain a stacked (average) velocity map of the surface deformation covering most of the island, where coherence is preserved. We found two areas of deformation. First, a subsidence signal around 5-6 mm/yr is located in the southern tip of the island in the area of 1971-Teneguia volcano (a recent cinder cone and lava flows). Second, a broader subsidence area around 3-4 mm/yr is located covering the western of the Cumbre Vieja volcano. We present preliminar modelling results about the causative sources. Ground deformation using InSAR is an important tool to reveal the actual state of strain at the surface in an oceanic volcanic island and using jointly with mathematical modelling is able to infer useful information about deep processes in and below the volcanic edifice.

  15. Significance of Saharan dust deposits on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Suchodoletz, Hans; Glaser, Bruno; Thrippleton, Timothy; Broder, Tanja; Zang, Uli; Eigenmann, Rafael; Kopp, Benjamin; Reichert, Martin; Zöller, Ludwig

    2010-05-01

    The significance of Saharan dust deposits for ecosystems has been shown in many studies. Allochthonous dust input can contribute to pedogenesis and alter soil chemical parameters. Nutrient input via dust deposition plays an important role especially for poor volcanic soils. The aim of this study is to characterize and interpret the spatial distribution of Saharan dust and to determine its influence on soil properties on the volcanic island of La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). For that purpose, its distribution was determined quantitatively. As silt-sized quartz is not autochthonously formed on the island, it was expected to be a reliable indicator for the presence of Saharan dust deposits. Its identification and quantification was conducted via X-ray diffractometry. Observed patterns were explained by geomorphology. In addition, the influence of dust deposits on soil properties was assessed directly by texture analyses and analyses of phosphorous content, an element strongly limited on the island due to its retention by amorphous volcanic clay. Eastern and western slopes of the island revealed a clear diffence in the amount of deposited dust, whereas smaller geomorphic structures hardly showed any influence on the dust distribution pattern. A significant correlation of quartz content with the proportion of the grain size fraction 2 - 14.2 μm makes an influence on soil physical properties obvious, thus influencing available water capacity. Furthermore, it could be shown that the contents of available phosphorous increase with a rising amount of Saharan dust in the soils. Thus, the input of Saharan dust strongly influences soil fertility of La Palma.

  16. Negative ä98Mo in Basalts from La Palma - Evidence for Recycling of Fe-Mn Crusts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willbold, M.; Elliott, T.; Archer, C.

    2008-12-01

    Enrichment of 187Os and 186Os in some plume-related ocean island basalts have been interpreted in terms of chemical interaction between the Earths core and mantle or recycling of Fe-Mn crusts [1, 2]. Here, we further explore this unresolved debate using samples from La Palma with some of the most radiogenic primary 187Os/188Os isotope ratios in ocean island basalts. We use radiogenic 182W (expressed as ɛ182W) and stable Mo (expressed as δ98Mo) isotope measurements as highly diagnostic tracers of the two potential components (core and Fe-Mn crusts, respectively). The average ɛ182W value of the La Palma basalts (0.06 ± 0.08; 2σ) is indistinguishable from that of bulk silicate Earth in keeping with measurements from Hawaii [2]. However, the samples show negative δ98Mo values (-0.01 to -0.12 ± 0.07 permil; 2σ). Such negative values are unlike those found in other oceanic basalts with unradiogenic Os isotope ratios (δ98Mo > 0 permil). This suggests that a striking low-δ98Mo component must be present in the mantle source of La Palma basalts. So far, negative δ98Mo values have only been identified in Fe-Mn crusts and associated pelagic sediments (δ98Mo < -0.5 permil; [3]). We therefore suggest that the low δ98Mo values and the radiogenic Os isotopes in the La Palma samples have been caused by recycling and long-term storage of Fe-Mn crusts in the mantle. [1] A. D. Brandon et al. (1998), Science 280, 1570. [2] A. Scherstén et al. (2004), Nature 427, 234. [3] C. Siebert et al. (2003), EPSL 211, 159.

  17. Metallic species in atmospheric particulate matter in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

    PubMed

    Cancio, J López; Castellano, A Vera; Hernández, M Chaar; Bethencourt, R García; Ortega, E Macías

    2008-12-30

    In this work, we quantified the total, water-soluble and insoluble fractions of 12 metallic species (Na, Ca, K, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cu, Cd, Pb and Mn) present in total suspended particulates (TSP) in an urban area with heavy traffic (about 80 000 vehicles/day) of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). Experimental measurements were made from July to December 2003 on a total of 42 samples (7 per month). Particulate matter (TSP) was collected in fiber filters and high volume samplers. PM10 levels were estimated assuming the PM10 fraction is about 70% of all TSP. Total fractions was determined gravimetrically. Water-soluble fraction was extracted by sonication. Concentrations of metallic elements were analyzed by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Temporal changes in the concentrations of the target elements were examined and a multivariate approach used to identify the primary sources for each species. Mean value for TSP is 71.92microg/m3. The water-soluble fraction consisted mainly of Na, Ca, Mg, and K. The insoluble fraction contained higher concentrations of all elements than the soluble except Na. In the water-soluble fraction, Na, K, Ca and Mg were found to come mainly from natural sources; Cr, Pb, Cd, Ni, Zn and Cu from anthropogenic sources.

  18. Depth profile of 236U/238U in soil samples in La Palma, Canary Islands

    PubMed Central

    Srncik, M.; Steier, P.; Wallner, G.

    2011-01-01

    The vertical distribution of the 236U/238U isotopic ratio was investigated in soil samples from three different locations on La Palma (one of the seven Canary Islands, Spain). Additionally the 240Pu/239Pu atomic ratio, as it is a well establish tool for the source identification, was determined. The radiochemical procedure consisted of a U separation step by extraction chromatography using UTEVA® Resin (Eichrom Technologies, Inc.). Afterwards Pu was separated from Th and Np by anion exchange using Dowex 1x2 (Dow Chemical Co.). Furthermore a new chemical procedure with tandem columns to separate Pu and U from the matrix was tested. For the determination of the uranium and plutonium isotopes by alpha spectrometry thin sources were prepared by microprecipitation techniques. Additionally these fractions separated from the soil samples were measured by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) to get information on the isotopic ratios 236U/238U, 240Pu/239Pu and 236U/239Pu, respectively. The 236U concentrations [atoms/g] in each surface layer (∼2 cm) were surprisingly high compared to deeper layers where values around two orders of magnitude smaller were found. Since the isotopic ratio 240Pu/239Pu indicated a global fallout signature we assume the same origin as the probable source for 236U. Our measured 236U/239Pu value of around 0.2 is within the expected range for this contamination source. PMID:21481502

  19. Dynamics of diffuse carbon dioxide emissions from Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padrón, Eleazar; Pérez, Nemesio M.; Rodríguez, Fátima; Melián, Gladys; Hernández, Pedro A.; Sumino, Hirochika; Padilla, Germán; Barrancos, José; Dionis, Samara; Notsu, Kenji; Calvo, David

    2015-04-01

    We report herein the results of 13 soil CO2 efflux surveys at Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma Island, the most active basaltic volcano in the Canary Islands. The CO2 efflux measurements were undertaken using the accumulation chamber method between 2001 and 2013 to constrain the total CO2 output from the studied area and to evaluate occasional CO2 efflux surveys as a volcanic surveillance tool for Cumbre Vieja. Soil CO2 efflux values ranged from non-detectable up to 2442 g m-2 days-1, with the highest values observed in the south, where the last volcanic eruption took place (Teneguía, 1971). Isotopic analyses of soil gas carbon dioxide suggest an organic origin as the main contribution to the CO2 efflux, with a very small magmatic gas component observed at the southern part of the volcano. Total biogenic and magmatic combined CO2 emission rates showed a high temporal variability, ranging between 320 and 1544 t days-1 and averaging 1147 t days-1 over the 220-km2 region. Two significant increases in the CO2 emission observed in 2011 and 2013 were likely caused by an enhanced magmatic endogenous contribution revealed by significant changes in the 3He/4He ratio in a CO2-rich cold spring. The relatively stable emission rate presented in this work defines the background CO2 emission range for Cumbre Vieja during a volcanic quiescence period.

  20. Leishmanicidal activity of polyphenolic-rich extract from husk fiber of Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae).

    PubMed

    Mendonça-Filho, Ricardo R; Rodrigues, Igor A; Alviano, Daniela S; Santos, André L S; Soares, Rosangela M A; Alviano, Celuta S; Lopes, Angela H C S; Rosa, Maria do Socorro S

    2004-04-01

    The available therapy for leishmaniasis, which affects 2 million people per annum, still causes serious side effects. The polyphenolic-rich extract from the husk fiber of Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae) presents antibacterial and antiviral activities, also inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation, as shown by our group in previous works. In the present study, the in vitro leishmanicidal effects of C. nucifera on Leishmania amazonensis were evaluated. The minimal inhibitory concentration of the polyphenolic-rich extract from C. nucifera to completely abrogate parasite growth was 10 microg/ml. Pretreatment of peritoneal mouse macrophages with 10 microg/ml of C. nucifera polyphenolic-rich extract reduced approximately 44% the association index between these macrophages and L. amazonensis promastigotes, with a concomitant increase of 182% in nitric oxide production by the infected macrophage in comparison to nontreated macrophages. These results provide new perspectives on drug development against leishmaniasis, since the extract of C. nucifera at 10 microg/ml is a strikingly potent leishmanicidal substance which inhibited the growth of both promastigote and amastigote developmental stages of L. amazonensis after 60 min, presenting no in vivo allergenic reactions or in vitro cytotoxic effects in mammalian systems.

  1. Tamandua tetradactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (Myrmecophagidae) and Rhodnius robustus Larrousse, 1927 (Triatominae) infection focus by Trypanosoma rangeli Tejera, 1920 (Trypanosomatidae) in Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng (Arecaceae) palm tree in the Brazilian Amazon.

    PubMed

    Dias, Fernando Braga Stehling; Quartier, Marion; Romaña, Christine A; Diotaiuti, Liléia; Harry, Myriam

    2010-12-01

    A sylvatic infection focus of Trypanosoma rangeli, whose cycle involves the anteater Tamandua tetradactyla and triatomine insect Rhodnius robustus was observed in a pasture-dominated landscape of the rural riparian community of São Tomé located along the Tapajós river in the municipal district of Aveiro (State of Pará, Brazil), the Brazilian Amazon region. During a field work campaign with the objective of Chagas disease diagnosis in the Tapajós region, an anteater and 31 triatomines were found inhabiting in the same Attalea phalerata palm tree crown. Collected triatomines were identified as R. robustus with morphological and molecular procedures. The analysis of infection by T. rangeli using the repetitive ARN nucleolar Cl1 (sno-RNA-Cl1) gene showed that 25 triatomines of all stages were infected by T. rangeli (total infection rate of 80.6%). Infection by Trypanosoma cruzi using mini-exon markers was not identified. Examination of the digestive content of the triatomines demonstrated that the only feeding source found was the anteater. These results demonstrate that T. tetradactyla can be an important reservoir for T. rangeli and a good vehicle of the parasite within the Brazilian Amazon region.

  2. The plant leaf movement analyzer (PALMA): a simple tool for the analysis of periodic cotyledon and leaf movement in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Lucas; Schmal, Christoph; Staiger, Dorothee; Danisman, Selahattin

    2017-01-01

    The analysis of circadian leaf movement rhythms is a simple yet effective method to study effects of treatments or gene mutations on the circadian clock of plants. Currently, leaf movements are analysed using time lapse photography and subsequent bioinformatics analyses of leaf movements. Programs that are used for this purpose either are able to perform one function (i.e. leaf tip detection or rhythm analysis) or their function is limited to specific computational environments. We developed a leaf movement analysis tool-PALMA-that works in command line and combines image extraction with rhythm analysis using Fast Fourier transformation and non-linear least squares fitting. We validated PALMA in both simulated time series and in experiments using the known short period mutant sensitivity to red light reduced 1 (srr1-1). We compared PALMA with two established leaf movement analysis tools and found it to perform equally well. Finally, we tested the effect of reduced iron conditions on the leaf movement rhythms of wild type plants. Here, we found that PALMA successfully detected period lengthening under reduced iron conditions. PALMA correctly estimated the period of both simulated and real-life leaf movement experiments. As a platform-independent console-program that unites both functions needed for the analysis of circadian leaf movements it is a valid alternative to existing leaf movement analysis tools.

  3. Plant invasion and speciation along elevational gradients on the oceanic island La Palma, Canary Islands.

    PubMed

    Steinbauer, Manuel J; Irl, Severin D H; González-Mancebo, Juana María; Breiner, Frank T; Hernández-Hernández, Raquel; Hopfenmüller, Sebastian; Kidane, Yohannes; Jentsch, Anke; Beierkuhnlein, Carl

    2017-01-01

    Ecosystems that provide environmental opportunities but are poor in species and functional richness generally support speciation as well as invasion processes. These processes are expected not to be equally effective along elevational gradients due to specific ecological, spatial, and anthropogenic filters, thus controlling the dispersal and establishment of species. Here, we investigate speciation and invasion processes along elevational gradients. We assess the vascular plant species richness as well as the number and percentage of endemic species and non-native species systematically along three elevational gradients covering large parts of the climatic range of La Palma, Canary Islands. Species richness was negatively correlated with elevation, while the percentage of Canary endemic species showed a positive relationship. However, the percentage of Canary-Madeira endemics did not show a relationship with elevation. Non-native species richness (indicating invasion) peaked at 500 m elevation and showed a consistent decline until about 1,200 m elevation. Above that limit, no non-native species were present in the studied elevational gradients. Ecological, anthropogenic, and spatial filters control richness, diversification, and invasion with elevation. With increase in elevation, richness decreases due to species-area relationships. Ecological limitations of native ruderal species related to anthropogenic pressure are in line with the absence of non-native species from high elevations indicating directional ecological filtering. Increase in ecological isolation with elevation drives diversification and thus increased percentages of Canary endemics. The best preserved eastern transect, including mature laurel forests, is an exception. The high percentage of Canary-Madeira endemics indicates the cloud forest's environmental uniqueness-and thus ecological isolation-beyond the Macaronesian islands.

  4. Geodetic and Structural Research in La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain: 1992-2007 Results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prieto, J. F.; González, P. J.; Seco, A.; Rodríguez-Velasco, G.; Tunini, L.; Perlock, P. A.; Arjona, A.; Aparicio, A.; Camacho, A. G.; Rundle, J. B.; Tiampo, K. F.; Pallero, J. L. G.; Pospiech, S.; Fernández, J.

    2009-09-01

    We review the results of the geodetic and structural studies carried out on La Palma Island using geodetic and geophysical data during the period 1992-2007. InSAR and GPS observation techniques were applied to study the existence of deformation on the island and gravity observations were carried out for structural studies. Gravity data were inverted using a nonlinear three-dimensional gravity inversion approach to obtain the geometry of the anomalous bodies constructed in a random growth process with respect to an exponentially stratified background. The main structural feature is a large central body (under the Caldera de Taburiente) with high density, which was interpreted as the Pliocene-age uplifted seamount and a relatively dense intrusive plutonic complex/magma body. The Cumbre Vieja series is characterized by elongated minima distributed according to the rift structure. InSAR results show a clear subsidence located on the Teneguía volcano, where the last eruption took place in 1971. A thermal source is the most probable origin for this deformation. A GPS network composed of 26 stations covering the total island surface was set up. Vertical displacements determined comparing the GPS coordinates obtained in 2007 with coordinates determined in 1994 are consistent with the InSAR results obtained in the southern part of the island. This is not the case for the northern part. From the comparison of 2006 and 2007 coordinates it is clear that more time is needed to obtain significant displacements, but observed trends are also consistent with InSAR results. All the observed significant displacements are in stations located outside of the large high-density central body.

  5. The husk fiber of Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae) is a source of anti-neoplastic activity.

    PubMed

    Koschek, P R; Alviano, D S; Alviano, C S; Gattass, C R

    2007-10-01

    In the present study, we investigated the in vitro anti-tumoral activities of fractions from aqueous extracts of the husk fiber of the typical A and common varieties of Cocos nucifera (Palmae). Cytotoxicity against leukemia cells was determined by the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cells (2 x 10(4)/well) were incubated with 0, 5, 50 or 500 microg/mL high- or low-molecular weight fractions for 48 h, treated with MTT and absorbance was measured with an ELISA reader. The results showed that both varieties have almost similar antitumoral activity against the leukemia cell line K562 (60.1 +/- 8.5 and 47.5 +/- 11.9% for the typical A and common varieties, respectively). Separation of the crude extracts with Amicon membranes yielded fractions with molecular weights ranging in size from 1-3 kDa (fraction A) to 3-10 kDa (fraction B) and to more than 10 kDa (fraction C). Cells were treated with 500 microg/mL of these fractions and cytotoxicity was evaluated by MTT. Fractions ranging in molecular weight from 1-10 kDa had higher cytotoxicity. Interestingly, C. nucifera extracts were also active against Lucena 1, a multidrug-resistant leukemia cell line. Their cytotoxicity against this cell line was about 50% (51.9 +/- 3.2 and 56.3 +/- 2.9 for varieties typical A and common, respectively). Since the common C. nucifera variety is extensively cultured in Brazil and the husk fiber is its industrial by-product, the results obtained in the present study suggest that it might be a very inexpensive source of new antineoplastic and anti-multidrug resistant drugs that warrants further investigation.

  6. Streptomyces palmae sp. nov., isolated from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) rhizosphere soil.

    PubMed

    Sujarit, Kanaporn; Kudo, Takuji; Ohkuma, Moriya; Pathom-Aree, Wasu; Lumyong, Saisamorn

    2016-10-01

    Actinomycete strain CMU-AB204T was isolated from oil palm rhizosphere soil collected in Chiang Mai University (Chiang Mai, Thailand). Based on morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the organism was considered to belong to the genus Streptomyces. Whole cell-wall hydrolysates consisted of ll-diaminopimelic acid, glucose, ribose and galactose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6), MK-9(H2) and MK-8(H4). The fatty acid profile contained iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0 as major components. The principal phospholipids detected were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain CMU-AB204T was 70.9 mol%. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain CMU-AB204T was closely related to Streptomyces orinoci JCM 4546T (98.7 %), Streptomyces lilacinus NBRC 12884T (98.5 %), Streptomyces abikoensis CGMCC 4.1662T (98.5 %), Streptomyces griseocarneus JCM 4905T (98.4 %) and Streptomyces xinghaiensis JCM 16958T (98.3 %). Phylogenetic trees revealed that the new strain had a distinct taxonomic position from closely related type strains of the genus Streptomyces. Spiny to hairy spores clearly differentiated strain CMU-AB204T from the five most closely related Streptomyces species, which produced smooth spores. On the basis of evidence from this polyphasic study, it is proposed that strain CMU-AB204T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, namely Streptomyces palmae sp. nov. The type strain is CMU-AB204T (=JCM 31289T=TBRC 1999T).

  7. Under the volcano: phylogeography and evolution of the cave-dwelling Palmorchestia hypogaea (Amphipoda, Crustacea) at La Palma (Canary Islands).

    PubMed

    Villacorta, Carlos; Jaume, Damià; Oromí, Pedro; Juan, Carlos

    2008-01-31

    The amphipod crustacean Palmorchestia hypogaea occurs only in La Palma (Canary Islands) and is one of the few terrestrial amphipods in the world that have adapted to a strictly troglobitic life in volcanic cave habitats. A surface-dwelling closely related species (Palmorchestia epigaea) lives in the humid laurel forest on the same island. Previous studies have suggested that an ancestral littoral Orchestia species colonized the humid forests of La Palma and that subsequent drought episodes in the Canaries reduced the distribution of P. epigaea favouring the colonization of lava tubes through an adaptive shift. This was followed by dispersal via the hypogean crevicular system. P. hypogaea and P. epigaea did not form reciprocally monophyletic mitochondrial DNA clades. They showed geographically highly structured and genetically divergent populations with current gene flow limited to geographically close surface locations. Coalescence times using Bayesian estimations assuming a non-correlated relaxed clock with a normal prior distribution of the age of La Palma, together with the lack of association of habitat type with ancestral and recent haplotypes, suggest that their adaptation to cave life is relatively ancient. The data gathered here provide evidence for multiple invasions of the volcanic cave systems that have acted as refuges. A re-evaluation of the taxonomic status of the extant species of Palmorchestia is needed, as the division of the two species by habitat and ecology is unnatural. The information obtained here, and that from previous studies on hypogean fauna, shows the importance of factors such as the uncoupling of morphological and genetic evolution, the role of climatic change and regressive evolution as key processes in leading to subterranean biodiversity.

  8. Under the volcano: phylogeography and evolution of the cave-dwelling Palmorchestia hypogaea (Amphipoda, Crustacea) at La Palma (Canary Islands)

    PubMed Central

    Villacorta, Carlos; Jaume, Damià; Oromí, Pedro; Juan, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Background The amphipod crustacean Palmorchestia hypogaea occurs only in La Palma (Canary Islands) and is one of the few terrestrial amphipods in the world that have adapted to a strictly troglobitic life in volcanic cave habitats. A surface-dwelling closely related species (Palmorchestia epigaea) lives in the humid laurel forest on the same island. Previous studies have suggested that an ancestral littoral Orchestia species colonized the humid forests of La Palma and that subsequent drought episodes in the Canaries reduced the distribution of P. epigaea favouring the colonization of lava tubes through an adaptive shift. This was followed by dispersal via the hypogean crevicular system. Results P. hypogaea and P. epigaea did not form reciprocally monophyletic mitochondrial DNA clades. They showed geographically highly structured and genetically divergent populations with current gene flow limited to geographically close surface locations. Coalescence times using Bayesian estimations assuming a non-correlated relaxed clock with a normal prior distribution of the age of La Palma, together with the lack of association of habitat type with ancestral and recent haplotypes, suggest that their adaptation to cave life is relatively ancient. Conclusion The data gathered here provide evidence for multiple invasions of the volcanic cave systems that have acted as refuges. A re-evaluation of the taxonomic status of the extant species of Palmorchestia is needed, as the division of the two species by habitat and ecology is unnatural. The information obtained here, and that from previous studies on hypogean fauna, shows the importance of factors such as the uncoupling of morphological and genetic evolution, the role of climatic change and regressive evolution as key processes in leading to subterranean biodiversity. PMID:18234125

  9. Time Evolution of Deformation Using Time Series of Differential Interferograms: Application to La Palma Island (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perlock, Patricia A.; González, Pablo J.; Tiampo, Kristy F.; Rodríguez-Velasco, Gema; Samsonov, Sergey; Fernández, José

    2008-08-01

    Differential interferometry is a very powerful tool for detecting changes in the Earth’s crust where coherence conditions are good, but is difficult to employ in some volcanic areas due to dense vegetation. We apply two differential InSAR methods using the time series associated with the interferograms to perform a phase analysis on a data set for La Palma island (Canary Islands) from the ERS-1 and ERS-2 European Space Agency (ESA) satellites for the time period 1992 to 2000. Both methods involve choosing a master image from the database and creating a series of interferograms with respect to this image. The “Coherent Pixel Time Series” (CPTS) technique chooses pixels with good average coherence, aligns the unwrapped interferograms with a stable area and then performs an inversion to calculate the linear velocity to quantify the deformation. The Coherent Target Modeling (CTM) method calculates the temporal coherence of each pixel to identify stable targets and then determines the best velocity for each pixel by using a linear fit that maximizes the temporal coherence. Using these two methods we have been able to detect deformation on La Palma Island that has been previously undetectable by conventional InSAR methods. There is a roughly circular region on the Southern part of the island that is actively deforming at ~ -4 to -8 mm/yr. This region is located near the Teneguia valcano, the host of the last known eruption on La Palma in 1971. A thorough investigation of the possible sources for this deformation revealed that it was most likely created by a subsurface thermal source.

  10. The magma plumbing system for the 1971 Teneguía eruption on La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barker, Abigail K.; Troll, Valentin R.; Carracedo, Juan Carlos; Nicholls, Peter A.

    2015-12-01

    The 1971 Teneguía eruption is the most recent volcanic event of the Cumbre Vieja rift zone on La Palma. The eruption produced basanite lavas that host xenoliths, which we investigate to provide insight into the processes of differentiation, assimilation and magma storage beneath La Palma. We compare our results to the older volcano magmatic systems of the island with the aim to reconstruct the temporal development of the magma plumbing system beneath La Palma. The 1971 lavas are clinopyroxene-olivine-phyric basanites that contain augite, sodic-augite and aluminium augite. Kaersutite cumulate xenoliths host olivine, clinopyroxene including sodic-diopside, and calcic-amphibole, whereas an analysed leucogabbro xenolith hosts plagioclase, sodic-augite-diopside, calcic-amphibole and hauyne. Mineral thermobarometry and mineral-melt thermobarometry indicate that clinopyroxene and plagioclase in the 1971 Teneguía lavas crystallised at 20-45 km depth, coinciding with clinopyroxene and calcic-amphibole crystallisation in the kaersutite cumulate xenoliths at 25-45 km and clinopyroxene, calcic-amphibole and plagioclase crystallisation in the leucogabbro xenolith at 30-50 km. Combined mineral chemistry and thermobarometry suggest that the magmas had already crystallised, differentiated and formed multiple crystal populations in the oceanic lithospheric mantle. Notably, the magmas that supplied the 1949 and 1971 events appear to have crystallised deeper than the earlier Cumbre Vieja magmas, which suggests progressive underplating beneath the Cumbre Vieja rift zone. In addition, the lavas and xenoliths of the 1971 event crystallised at a common depth, indicating a reused plumbing system and progressive recycling of Ocean Island plutonic complexes during subsequent magmatic activity.

  11. Magma storage and underplating beneath Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klügel, Andreas; Hansteen, Thor H.; Galipp, Karsten

    2005-07-01

    We have conducted a barometric study of basaltic lavas and mafic to ultramafic xenoliths from Cumbre Vieja volcano (La Palma) in order to reconstruct magma storage, plumbing and related intrusive island growth. The samples were collected both along the volcano's rift zone and from its subaerial and submarine flanks up to 30 km off the rift axis. Clinopyroxene-melt barometry of lavas yields a well-defined pressure range of 410-770 MPa (average 600 MPa) and shows no systematic variation with sample locality. This pressure range reflects a major fractionation level at ca. 15-26 km depth, within the uppermost mantle, where phenocrysts and melt last equilibrated. In contrast, microthermometry of CO 2-dominated fluid inclusions in phenocrysts and xenoliths gives pressure estimates of 240 to 470 MPa (average 330 MPa), within the lower oceanic crust. These pressures are interpreted to reflect an underplating zone at 7-14 km depth where ascending magmas become ponded prior to eruption and where passing magmas temporarily stagnate during eruption. The underplating zone is inferred to extend to a radius of ca. 30 km at least, and its depth appears to increase slightly with distance to the rift axis. Our data thus show a remarkable pressure bimodality for long-term and short-term storage of magma that appears to be characteristic for Cumbre Vieja. By using a simple model based on the cumulative volume of material added to the crust, we have estimated uplift rates of > 0.5 m/ka due to underplating that occurs on the island scale. On a time-scale of some 10 ka, these uplift rates are of similar magnitude as global changes in sea-level. A second, more local mode of uplift and related faulting is caused by shallow intrusions into the volcanic edifice as is indicated by the highly irregular morphology of the Cumbre Vieja. We stress that intrusion-related uplift should be qualitatively considered when reconstructing the evolution of oceanic island volcanoes. Since most of the

  12. Dynamics of diffuse carbon dioxide emissions from Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padrón, Eleazar; Pérez, Nemesio M.; Rodríguez, Fátima; Melián, Gladys V.; Hernández, Pedro A.; Sumino, Hirochika; Padilla, Germán; Barrancos, José; Dionis, Samara; Notsu, Kenji; Calvo, David

    2015-04-01

    La Palma Island, the fifth longest (706 km2) and the second in elevation (2,423 m asl) of the Canary Islands, is located at the northwestern extreme of the archipelago. Volcanic activity in the last 123 ka has taken place exclusively at the southern part of the island, where Cumbre Vieja volcano, the most active basaltic volcano in the Canaries, has been constructed. Cumbre Vieja includes a main north-south rift zone 20 km long up to 1,950 m in elevation, and covers 220 km2 with vents located also at the northwest and northeast. Nowadays there are no visible gas emission from fumaroles or hot springs at Cumbre Vieja. For this reason, diffuse CO2 degassing studies may provide important information about subsurface magma movement. Since diffuse CO2 emission rate may increase extraordinarily before a volcanic eruption, it is very important to map surface CO2 efflux anomalies and determine the total output of this gas prior to volcanic activity, in order to have a better understanding during future volcanic events. This study report the results of 13 soil CO2 efflux surveys at Cumbre Vieja volcano. The CO2 efflux measurements were undertaken using the accumulation chamber method between 2001 and 2013 to constrain the total CO2 output from the studied area and to evaluate occasional CO2 efflux surveys as a volcanic surveillance tool for Cumbre Vieja. Soil CO2 efflux values ranged from non-detectable up to 2,442 g m-2 d-1, with the highest values observed in the south, where the last volcanic eruption took place (Teneguía, 1971). Isotopic analyses of soil gas carbon dioxide suggest an organic origin as the main contribution to the CO2 efflux, with a very slight magmatic degassing being observed at the southern part of the volcano. Total CO2 emission rates showed a high temporal variability, ranging between 320 and 1,544 t d-1 and averaging 1,147 t d-1 over the 220 km2 region. Two significant increases in the CO2 emission observed in 2011 and 2013, were likely caused by

  13. Surface Pressure Gradient and Carbon Dioxide Degassing Survey at Cumbre Vieja Volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alfaya, A.; López, F.; Padron, E.; Hernández, P. A.; Salazar, J. M.; Pérez, N. M.

    2002-12-01

    La Palma (730 Km2) is one of the youngest island of the Canarian archipelago. Recent volcanic activity is concentrated on the southern part of the island, where Cumbre Vieja volcano (220 Km2) has been constructed during the last 1 Ma reaching an elevation of 1,898 m above sea level. Six historical eruptions had occurred at Cumbre Vieja, and the most recent event took place in the southern part of the volcano (Teneguía volcano, 1971). The main structural features are three major volcanic rift-zones of N-S, NE, and NW orientations. Since fumarolic activity is absent at Cumbre Vieja, coupled surface pressure gradient and carbon dioxide degassing monitoring could be potential geophysical and geochemical tools for its volcanic surveillance. Surface pressure gradient and carbon dioxide degassing survey of 619 observation sites was carried out from July 19 to August 13, 2002, at Cumbre Vieja volcano. Pressure gradient measurements were performed by means of a Setra 239 Model pressure transducer, and soil CO2 efflux measurements were performed by means of a portable NDIR sensor according to the accumulation chamber method. At each sampling site, soil gas samples were collected at 40 cm deep using a metallic probe and analyzed for CO2 contents by means of a Omnistar QMS within 24 hours. Surface pressure gradient ranged from -36 to 90 Pam-1. Soil CO2 efflux ranged from negligible values to 1,300 gm-2d-1, and soil gas CO2 content ranged from 0.03 to 1.1 %V. Statistical graphical analysis showed two different populations for the CO2 efflux data and their mean values are 1.4 and 52 gm-2d-1, respectively. For this 2002 survey, the total output of diffuse CO2 emission was estimated about 1,340 td-1, which lies within the range of previous surveys (1,250-2,500 td-1). Spatial distribution of the data showed an excellent agreement between surface pressure gradient and CO2 degassing at Cumbre Vieja, where the highest observed values were detected in and around the volcanic vent

  14. New structural, hydrogeological and hydrothermal insights on Cumbre Vieja (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barde-Cabusson, S.; Finizola, A.; Torres, P.; Víctor Villasante-Marcos, V.; Abella, R.; Aragó, S.; Berthod, C.; Ibarra, P.; Geyer Traver, A.

    2013-12-01

    Determining the link between shallow structure and volcanism is a topic of interest in Volcanology. We carried out a geophysical study devoted to the characterization of the major structural limits influencing volcanic hydrothermal activity and underground meteoric circulations in La Palma (Canary Islands). Since 1 Ma volcanic activity concentrates at the southern half of the island, on the Cumbre Vieja volcanic rift-zone. During the 1949 eruption a N-S fault system, facing west, developed in the summit area of Cumbre Vieja. This was interpreted as the surface expression of an incipient deformation zone on the western flank. The distribution of the recent activity and faulting indicate that a discontinuity may be present beneath the western flank of Cumbre Vieja, along which a future collapse may occur. Our study, which combines the application of self-potential and soil temperature measurements, provides new information to characterize and locate the limits guiding upward or downward fluid circulation and possibly associated to future failures and potential landslides on the Cumbre Vieja rift-zone. We found a clear asymmetry of the self-potential signal between the eastern and the western flanks of Cumbre Vieja. Strong infiltration of meteoric water seems to affect most of the summit axis while we observe poor variation in the self-potential values on the western flank. This could be explained by a constant thickness of the vadose zone on this flank, i.e., the presence of an impermeable layer at constant depth. This layer could correspond to the landslide interface associated to the previous Cumbre Nueva edifice destruction, on which Cumbre Vieja is currently growing. This constant self-potential pattern is interrupted by at least one other main infiltration zone, near Tajuya volcano, at 1200 m a.s.l. on the western flank, where field observation allowed identifying a small horst-graben system. However it is not clear if this fault system results from local

  15. Geochemical and isotopic investigations of the Cumbre Vieja rift zone, La Palma (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansen, T. S.; Hauff, F.; Hoernle, K.; Kokfelt, T. F.

    2003-04-01

    New major and trace element data, and Sr, Nd, Pb, U, Th and Ra isotopes have been generated for historic and prehistoric lavas from the Cumbre Vieja rift zone on La Palma in the Canary Islands. This is the most active area of the Canary Islands having hosted 7 historical eruptions. The prehistoric volcanism, which extends back to 123 ka, has been extensively age-dated making the Cumbre Vieja an ideal place to investigate the compositional evolution of an ocean island rift zone. The N-S elongated rift zone is traced 20 km on land and another ~15-20 km on its submarine extension towards the south. Our data show that the chemistry of the lavas is highly alkaline and forms a differentiation trend from very primitive basanite (mg# 65-74), via tephrite to phonolite. Along-axis variation of Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic compositions is limited indicating that the melts are derived from a single, relatively homogeneous mantle source, providing good opportunities to investigate melting processes, the timing of differentiation and/or assimilation of the volcanic edifice. Of particular interest is the complex 1585 A.D. eruption, where we discovered composite volcanic bombs that consist of basanitic margins and phonolitic cores. In one case, the phonolite was squeezed through a basanitic lid and cooling cracks in the bomb, providing clear evidence that the basanite and phonolite were both erupted as melts. Altered phonolitic blocks were also found that were partially molten along their edges by basanitic lava, suggesting that the phonolite blocks are older than the lava. The Sr-Nd-Pb isotope ratios of the 1585 A.D. samples overlap within analytical error indicating derivation from a common source and possibly from a common parental melt. The (230Th/238U) disequilibria of the basanites and phonolites are also similar within analytical error whereas the phonolites have distinctively higher 238U/232Th ratios. The higher 238U/232Th isotope ratios in the phonolites could be due to the

  16. Diffuse He degassing from Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asensio-Ramos, María; De Jongh, Marli E.; Lamfers, Kristen R.; Alonso, Mar; Amonte, Cecilia; Padrón, Eleazar; Hernández, Pedro A.; Pérez, Nemesio M.

    2017-04-01

    Helium is considered as an ideal geochemical tracer due to its geochemical properties: chemical inertness, physical stability and practical insolubility in water under normal conditions. These characteristics, together with its high mobility on the crust, make the presence of helium anomalies on the surface environment of a volcanic system to be related to deep fluid migration controlled by volcano-tectonic features, also providing valuable information about the location and characteristics of the gas source and the fracturing of the crust. The recent results reported by Padrón et al. (2013) clearly show importance of helium emission studies for the prediction of major volcanic events and the importance of continuous monitoring of this gas in active volcanic regions. La Palma Island (708.32 km2) is located at the northwestern end of the Canarian Archipelago. Subaerial volcanic activity on this island started ˜2.0 My ago and has taken place exclusively at the southern part in the last 123 ka. Cumbre Vieja volcano, the most active basaltic volcano of the Canary Islands, was built in this zone, including a main north-south rift area 20 km long and up to 1,950 m in elevation, with vents located also at the northwest and northeast. Padrón et al., (2012) showed that helium is mainly emitted along both N-S and N-W rift of Cumbre Vieja, being, therefore, zones of enhanced permeability for deep gas migration and preferential routes for degassing. This work represents a continuation of the results obtained by Padrón et al. (2012) until the year 2016. Each study covered the 220 km2 of Cumbre Vieja with an average of 570 homogenously distributed sampling points. At each sampling site, soil gas samples were collected at 40 cm depth by withdrawing the gas aliquots into 60 cc hypodermic syringes. He content in the soil gases was analyzed by means of quadrupole mass spectrometry (QMS). Atmospheric gas was used periodically to calibrate the instrument. To estimate the helium

  17. Changing depths of magma fractionation and stagnation during the evolution of an oceanic island volcano: La Palma (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galipp, Karsten; Klügel, Andreas; Hansteen, Thor H.

    2006-07-01

    La Palma (Canary Islands) represents an oceanic island volcano with an active rift zone, inferred to have formed during the last 800 ka following southward growth of the former radial-symmetrical stratovolcano Taburiente. We carried out clinopyroxene-melt thermobarometry and microthermometry of fluid inclusions to reconstruct the evolution of the magma plumbing systems over time and to understand the genetic relationship between Taburiente and the presently active Cumbre Vieja rift zone. Clinopyroxene-melt equilibria of phenocryst rims and glassy groundmass indicate pressures of 0.60-1.04 GPa (˜19-34 km depth) for Taburiente, 0.47-1.17 GPa (16-40 km) for the former Cumbre Nueva rift arm of Taburiente, and 0.50-0.78 GPa (16-26 km) for Bejenado volcano that formed after collapse of the Cumbre Nueva rift. These pressures are interpreted to reflect depths of magma storage and major crystal fractionation. CO 2-dominated fluid inclusions hosted by clinopyroxenes and olivines indicate pressures of formation or re-equilibration within an overall range of 0.25-0.61 GPa (˜8-19 km depth). Respective frequency maxima are at 0.41-0.50 GPa for Taburiente dunite xenoliths, 0.26-0.43 GPa for Cumbre Nueva ankaramites, and 0.26-0.32 GPa for Bejenado cumulate xenoliths. These pressures are interpreted to reflect levels of temporary magma stagnation during ascent. Our data show that the magma pathways during all volcanic phases including the presently active Cumbre Vieja rift [Klügel, A., Hansteen, T.H., Galipp, K., 2005. Magma storage and underplating beneath Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma (Canary Islands). Earth and Planetary Science Letters 236, 211-226] are characterized by two distinct storage levels: a system of prolonged storage within the upper mantle, and a system of short-term stagnation within the lower crust or near to the Moho. Both the mantle and crustal storage systems show a migration to shallower levels from 1.0 Ma to present, probably as a result of changing

  18. Internal structure of the western flank of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands, from land magnetotelluric imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, X.; Jones, A. G.

    2010-07-01

    Large-scale mass wasting is a natural part of the evolution of volcanic islands, where deformation and indications of flank instability, such as large-scale faulting and seismic and aseismic slip are common. The Cumbre Vieja volcano on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands) provides an ideal setting to address fundamental questions about the structure, evolution and stability of island volcanoes. The island of La Palma is still in a shield-building stage, and it has been postulated that the western side of the island lies over a pre-existing zone of weakness that can nucleate ruptures. We undertook an audiomagnetotelluric (AMT) survey over the proposed unstable western flank to try to image structures that may be associated with the zone of weakness. The magnetotelluric method (MT) is a geophysical technique used to map the presence of fluids or image important structural contrasts. The goals of this study were (1) to delineate the unstable flank, (2) to map the structures underneath and (3) to determine the presence and geometry of fluids. The results show a 1 km thick top resistive layer overlaying an area of reduced resistivity (enhanced conductivity), interpreted as a layer consisting of an alteration zone and also fluids. Our results confirm previous studies that suggested the existence of a western flank lying over collapse debris material and hyaloclastites, and also they allow us to map part of the subaerial southern extent of the Cumbre Nueva units that lie beneath the more recent Cumbre Vieja rocks. In addition, dimensionality analysis maps the rotation of the dike emplacement off ridge, along the western flank in an en echelon fashion.

  19. Ar/Ar ages from transitionally magnetized lavas on La Palma, Canary Islands, and the geomagnetic instability timescale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singer, B. S.; Relle, M. K.; Hoffman, K. A.; Battle, A.; Laj, C.; Guillou, H.; Carracedo, J. C.

    2002-11-01

    A detailed study of 43 lava flows comprising two stratigraphic sequences exposed along the north and south walls of Barranco de los Tilos on the island of La Palma, Canary Islands, reveals a complex, temporally segmented record of geodynamo behavior that contains no less than three distinct geomagnetic events. The Matuyama-Brunhes (M-B) reversal is recorded in five transitionally magnetized lava flows from the north (TN) section. The isochrons obtained from three of the lower four M-B lavas are defined by 14 incremental heating experiments that, together with a previous age determination, yielded a weighted mean of 798.4 ± 6.2 ka (all uncertainties ±2σ). In addition, a 780.3 ± 10.3 ka isochron was determined for the overlying transitionally magnetized flow, indicating that it was erupted during a distinctly younger portion of the transition. Near the base of the south (TS) section one finds a sequence of weakly magnetized flows associated with virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) positions in the southwest Indian Ocean between latitudes 56°S and 65°S, suggesting instability of the geomagnetic field beyond that of typical secular variation. 40Ar/39Ar isochrons from three of these flows, defined by 11 separate incremental heating experiments, gave a weighted mean of 822.2 ± 8.7 ka. This anomalous field behavior recorded 24 ± 11 kyr prior to the M-B reversal may coincide with an event featured in several marine sediment records. Directly above two normal polarity flows (40Ar/39Ar isochrons of 751.9 ± 18.1 ka and 675.0 ± 15.7 ka) are nine transitionally magnetized lavas having magnetization directions associated with low to midlatitude VGPs spanning 23°-60°N. These flows are then capped by a single flow possessing normal polarity. Based on 12 incremental heating experiments, 40Ar/39Ar isochrons of five of these nine lavas, along with the uppermost flow, gave a weighted mean age of 580.2 ± 7.8 ka for this period of transitional to normal field behavior. From

  20. Identification of a new defective SERPINA1 allele (PI*Zla palma) encoding an alpha-1-antitrypsin with altered glycosylation pattern.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Pérez, José M; Ramos-Díaz, Ruth; Pérez, José A

    2017-10-01

    Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic condition that arises from mutations in the SERPINA1 gene and predisposes to develop pulmonary emphysema and, less frequently, liver disease. Occasionally, new defective SERPINA1 alleles are detected as an outcome of targeted-screening programs or case-findings. This study began with a female patient showing bronchial hyperreactivity. Serum level and phenotype for AAT was analysed by immunonephelometry and isoelectric focusing electrophoresis. The SERPINA1 gene of the proband was genotyped by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing. Analysis of AAT deficiency was extended to the proband's family. An abnormal AAT variant that migrated to a more cathodal position than PiZ AAT was detected in the proband's serum. Genetic analysis demonstrated that proband is heterozygous for a new defective SERPINA1 allele (PI*Zla palma) characterized by the c.321C > A (p.Asn83Lys) mutation in the M1Val213 background. This mutation abolishes the N-glycosylation site in position 83 of the mature AAT. Eight relatives of the proband are carriers of the PI*Zla palma allele and four of them have shown symptoms of bronchial asthma or bronchial hyperreactivity. The mean α1AT level in the serum of PI*MZla palma individuals was 87.1 mg/dl. The reduction in circulating AAT levels associated to the PI*Zla palma allele was similar to that of PI*Z allele, representing a risk of impairment in lung function. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Monitoring Cumbre Vieja volcano (La Palma, Canary Islands) from 2001 to 2015 by means of diffuse CO2 degassing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padrón, Eleazar; Berry, Hannah; Robinson, Helen; Rodríguez, Fátima; Dionis, Samara; Pérez, Nemesio M.

    2016-04-01

    La Palma Island, the fifth longest (706 km2) and second highest (2,423 m asl) of the Canary Islands, is located at the northwestern end of the archipelago. Subaerial volcanic activity on La Palma started ˜2.0 My ago and has taken place exclusively at the southern part of the island in the last 123 ka, where Cumbre Vieja volcano, the most active basaltic volcano in the Canaries, has been constructed. Cumbre Vieja volcano, which has been likened to a Hawaiian-style rift zone, includes a main north-south rift zone 20 km long and up to 1,950 m in elevation, and covers 220 km2 with vents located also at the northwest and northeast. Nowadays, there are no visible gas emissions from fumaroles or hot springs at Cumbre Vieja, but large amounts of CO2 are released as diffuse soil emanations from the flanks of the volcano. Recent studies have shown that enhanced endogenous contributions of deep-seated CO2 might have been responsible for higher diffuse CO2 emission values (Padrón et al., 2015). We report here the latest results of the diffuse CO2 efflux survey at Cumbre Vieja volcano. The CO2 efflux measurements were taken using the accumulation chamber method in the summer period of 2015 to constrain the total CO2 output from the studied area and to evaluate occasional CO2 efflux surveys as a volcanic surveillance tool for Cumbre Vieja. Soil CO2 efflux values ranged from non-detectable up to 360 g m-2 d-1. Spatial distribution maps were constructed following the sequential Gaussian simulation (sGs) procedure. The spatial distribution of diffuse CO2 emission values did not seem to be controlled by the main structural features of the volcano since the highest values were measured in the southern part. The total CO2 output released to the atmosphere in a diffuse way has been estimated at 359 t d-1, which represents one of the lowest emission rates reported since 1997 (Padrón et al., 2015). Our results confirm the volcanic quiescence state of Cumbre Vieja, but reassert the

  2. Chronology and volcanology of the 1949 multi-vent rift-zone eruption on La Palma (Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klügel, A.; Schmincke, H.-U.; White, J. D. L.; Hoernle, K. A.

    1999-12-01

    The compositionally zoned San Juan eruption on La Palma emanated from three eruptive centers located along a north-south-trending rift zone in the south of the island. Seismic precursors began weakly in 1936 and became strong in March 1949, with their foci progressing from the north of the rift zone towards its south. This suggests that magma ascended beneath the old Taburiente shield volcano and moved southward along the rift. The eruption began on June 24, 1949, with phreatomagmatic activity at Duraznero crater on the ridgetop (ca. 1880 m above sea level), where five vents erupted tephritic lava along a 400-m-long fissure. On June 8, the Duraznero vents shut down abruptly, and the activity shifted to an off-rift fissure at Llano del Banco, located at ca. 550 m lower elevation and 3 km to the northwest. This eruptive center issued initially tephritic aa and later basanitic pahoehoe lava at high rates, producing a lava flow that entered the sea. Two days after basanite began to erupt at Llano del Banco, Hoyo Negro crater (ca. 1880 m asl), located 700 m north of Duraznero along the rift, opened on July 12 and produced ash and bombs of basanitic to phonotephritic composition in violent phreatomagmatic explosions ( White and Schmincke, 1999). Llano del Banco and Hoyo Negro were simultaneously active for 11 days and showed a co-variance of their eruption rates indicating a shallow hydraulic connection. On July 30, after 3 days of quiescence at all vents, Duraznero and Hoyo Negro became active again during a final eruptive phase. Duraznero issued basanitic lava at high rates for 12 h and produced a lava flow that descended towards the east coast. The lava contains ca. 1 vol.% crustal and mantle xenoliths consisting of 40% tholeiitic gabbros from the oceanic crust, 35% alkaline gabbros, and 20% ultramafic cumulates. The occurrence of xenoliths almost exclusively in the final lava is consistent with their origin by wall-rock collapse at depth near the end of the eruption

  3. Sixteen years monitoring of Cumbre Vieja volcano (La Palma, Canary Islands) by means of diffuse CO2 degassing surveys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cótchico, M. A.; Renee, L. K.; De Jongh, M. E.; Padron, E.; Hernandez Perez, P. A.; Perez, N. M.

    2016-12-01

    La Palma Island, the fifth longest (706 km2) and second highest (2,423 m asl) of the Canary Islands, is located at the northwestern end of the archipelago. Subaerial volcanic activity on La Palma started 2.0 My ago and has taken place exclusively at the southern part of the island during the last 123 ka, where Cumbre Vieja volcano, the most active basaltic volcano in the Canaries, has been constructed. Major volcano-structural and geomorphological features of Cumbre Vieja volcano are a north-south rift zone 20 km long, with vents located also at the northwest and northeast, and up to 1,950 m in elevation covering an área of 220 km2. Nowadays, there are no visible gas emissions from fumaroles or hot springs at Cumbre Vieja; therefore, diffuse CO2 degassing monitoring is important geochemical tool for its volcanic surveillance. Recent studies have shown that enhanced endogenous contributions of deep-seated CO2 might have been responsible for higher diffuse CO2 efflux values (Padrón et al., 2015). We report here the latest results of the diffuse CO2 emission survey at Cumbre Vieja volcano. The surface CO2 efflux measurements were taken using the accumulation chamber method in the period 1997- 2016 to evaluate their spatial distribution on this 220 km2 volcano and the diffuse CO2 emission rate from Cumbre Vieja volcano. Surface CO2 efflux values ranged from non-detectable up to 94 g m-2 d-1 in the last survey. Spatial distribution maps were constructed following the sequential Gaussian simulation (sGs) procedure. The spatial distribution of diffuse CO2 emission values did not seem to be controlled by the main structural features of the volcano since the highest values were measured in the southern part. The diffuse CO2 emission for the 2016 survey has been estimated about 739 ± 30 t d-1. The 2016 emission rate is slightly higher than the estimated average for Cumbre Vieja volcano (493 t d-1), but within the observed background range for this volcanic system over the

  4. [Neurofibromatosis type 2 and its head and neck manifestations: literature review and population study in the Community of Cantabria and the province of Las Palmas].

    PubMed

    Guerra-Jiménez, Gloria; Camargo Camacho, Pilar; Ramos-Macías, Ángel; Morales Angulo, Carmelo

    2014-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an infrequent autosomal dominant disease characterised by the appearance of viii nerve schwannomas, meningiomas and ocular abnormalities. Incidence of 1:25,000 and prevalence above 1:80,000 are estimated in general. The objectives of our study were to determine current prevalence of NF2 in the Community of Cantabria and the province of Las Palmas, and its head and neck manifestations. This was a population-based, retrospective study in 3 tertiary hospitals. The study population showed prevalence of 1:600,000 in the Community of Cantabria and 1:280,000 in the province of Las Palmas. The most frequently diagnosed tumour was acoustic neuroma (n=15), followed by trigeminal neurinoma (n=2) and vagus (n=1). Cases of NF2 are infrequent in Cantabria and Las Palmas, lower than that reported in the literature. The most frequently described head and neck tumour in the literature is acoustic neuroma, followed by schwannoma of cranial nerves v and x. Other tumours such as nasal, laryngeal, chorda tympani or cranial nerve vii schwannomas are also described. The most frequent ENT manifestation is hearing loss, especially unilateral, followed by cervical mass, tinnitus and headache. Early diagnosis and multidisciplinary management in specialised centres could improve life expectancy and quality of life for these patients. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  5. Hydrothermal alteration of a seamount complex on La Palma, Canary Islands: Implications for metamorphism in accreted terranes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiffman, P.; Staudigel, H.

    1994-02-01

    The hydrothermal metamorphism of a sequence of Pliocene-age seamount extrusive and volcaniclastic rocks on La Palma, Canary Islands, is characterized by a relatively complete low-pressure-high-temperature facies series encompassing the zeolite, prehnite-pumpellyite, and greenschist facies. The observed mineral zonations imply metamorphic gradients of 200-300 °C/km. The metamorphism of the seamount, at least in its core region, is distinct from ocean-floor metamorphism: the former is characterized by a serially continuous facies series encompassing zeolite, prehnite-pumpellyite, and greenschist assemblages, and the latter by a discontinuous metamorphic gradient in which prehnite-pumpellyite assemblages are absent. These metamorphic features, presumably reflecting fundamental thermal-tectonic differences between extending oceanic crust at mid- oceanic ridges vs. the more static crust underlying seamount volcanoes, should aid in the recognition of incoherent fragments of seamount metamorphic rocks within accreted terranes which typically have undergone subsequent higher pressure-temperature regional metamorphism, albeit to comparable grades.

  6. Treatment of reducible unstable fractures of the distal radius in adults: a randomised controlled trial of De Palma percutaneous pinning versus bridging external fixation

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background At present, there is no conclusive evidence regarding the best treatment method for reducible unstable fractures of the distal radius. This study compared the effectiveness of two methods used in surgical treatment of such fractures: percutaneous pinning and external fixation. Methods We randomly allocated 100 patients into two groups treated surgically with modified De Palma percutaneous pinning and bridging external fixation. Independent but not blinded evaluators administered the DASH quality-of-life questionnaire at postoperative months 6 and 24, performed functional assessment of pain, range of motion, and palm grip strength, and radiographic examinations (volar and radial angle, and height of the radius) before the operation, immediately afterwards, and at 6 and 24 months postoperative. Modified De Palma percutaneous pinning patients used an above-elbow cast whereas external fixation group had unrestricted elbow motion after surgery. Patients who for any reason demonstrated treatment failure or required additional interventions were followed up and their results were included in the group into which these patients had initially been randomised according to the intention-to-treat principle. A significance level of 5% (alpha = 0.05). was used for all statistical tests, such that tests presenting a p-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results Ninety one (58.8 mean age and 66 participants were female) were included in the final assessment at 24 months. The DASH questionnaire evaluation showed a statistically significant result favouring the De Palma group (mean difference = -7.1 p = 0.044) after six months, but this was not maintained at 24 months. There were no statistically differences between the groups with respect to palm grip strength. Analysis of the range-of-motion limitation index (uninjured side minus affected side motion of) showed a statistical difference (mean difference = 2.4 p = 0.043) favoring the external

  7. Treatment of reducible unstable fractures of the distal radius in adults: a randomised controlled trial of De Palma percutaneous pinning versus bridging external fixation.

    PubMed

    Belloti, João C; Tamaoki, Marcel J S; Atallah, Alvaro N; Albertoni, Walter M; dos Santos, João B G; Faloppa, Flavio

    2010-06-29

    At present, there is no conclusive evidence regarding the best treatment method for reducible unstable fractures of the distal radius. This study compared the effectiveness of two methods used in surgical treatment of such fractures: percutaneous pinning and external fixation. We randomly allocated 100 patients into two groups treated surgically with modified De Palma percutaneous pinning and bridging external fixation. Independent but not blinded evaluators administered the DASH quality-of-life questionnaire at postoperative months 6 and 24, performed functional assessment of pain, range of motion, and palm grip strength, and radiographic examinations (volar and radial angle, and height of the radius) before the operation, immediately afterwards, and at 6 and 24 months postoperative. Modified De Palma percutaneous pinning patients used an above-elbow cast whereas external fixation group had unrestricted elbow motion after surgery. Patients who for any reason demonstrated treatment failure or required additional interventions were followed up and their results were included in the group into which these patients had initially been randomised according to the intention-to-treat principle. A significance level of 5% (alpha = 0.05). was used for all statistical tests, such that tests presenting a p-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Ninety one (58.8 mean age and 66 participants were female) were included in the final assessment at 24 months. The DASH questionnaire evaluation showed a statistically significant result favouring the De Palma group (mean difference = -7.1 p = 0.044) after six months, but this was not maintained at 24 months. There were no statistically differences between the groups with respect to palm grip strength. Analysis of the range-of-motion limitation index (uninjured side minus affected side motion of) showed a statistical difference (mean difference = 2.4 p = 0.043) favoring the external fixator group with regard to

  8. [Displacements of the green iguana (Iguana iguana) (Squamata: Iguanidae) during the dry season in La Palma, Veracruz, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Morales-Mávil, Jorge E; Vogt, Richard C; Gadsden-Esparza, Héctor

    2007-06-01

    The green iguana (Iguana iguana) is said to be primarily sedentary, although the females travel long distances to nest. Displacement patterns must be known to help predict the effects of environmental disturbance on iguanas' survival. We studied nesting season (February-July) movements in La Palma, Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico (18 degrees 33' N, 95 degrees 03' W). Individual movements and activity were monitored by radio tracking. The transmitters were implanted surgically in eight adult iguanas (four males and four females). Snout vent length (SVL) was used to determine the relationship between size of the body and size of home range. To estimate the size of home range, three or more points were used. Minimum convex polygons estimates of home range were calculated with McPAAL. The iguanas were radio-located between 23 and 30 occasions, mainly in trees (56% between 3-9 m); only 4% were localized under a height of 3 m (forest floor). The occupation area mean was larger for males (9,158.06+/-3,025.3 m2 vs. 6,591.24+/-4,001.1 m2) although the differences were not significant (t= 0.51, p>0.05). SVL was correlated with home range (r= 0.76; gl= 7; p<0.05). Breeding males defended their home range vigorously against other adult males. We observed one separate male home range and large portions of overlap between the sexes. The home range generally formed a conglomerate of polygons and only two had linear shapes along the river: apparently iguanas use the riparian vegetation for foraging. The females display two strategies for nesting: 1) moving to the sandy area near the sea or, 2) laying eggs near the river, in loam. Iguanas responded to habitat fragmentation and reduction by modifying their nesting strategy.

  9. [Genetic diversity and kin relationships among wild and cultivated populations of the pejibaye palm (Bactris gasipaes, Palmae) using microsatellite markers].

    PubMed

    Ugalde, José Alfredo Hernández; Urpí, Jorge Mora; Nuñez, Oscar Rocha

    2008-03-01

    Genetic diversity and kin relationships among wild and cultivated populations of the pejibaye palm (Bactris gasipaes, Palmae) using microsatellite markers. The genetic diversity of the peach palm (Pejibaye, Bactris gasipaes Kunth) was evaluated using four nuclear DNA microsatellites in an effort to elucidate the evolution and domestication of this crop. A total of 258 samples from seven wild populations and eleven races were analyzed. All loci were polymorphic and a total of 50 alleles were identified. Average genetic diversity (0.67) and genetic differentiation among populations (Fst=0.16) were high when all populations were considered. Genetic differentiation was lower when the populations were grouped according to their origin into Western and Eastern populations (Fst=0.13 for both). Gene flow was slightly higher among Western populations (Nm=1.71) than among Eastern populations (Nm=1.62). The Putumayo, Yurimaguas, Vaupés, Tucurrique and Guatuso races seem to have been subjected to intense human selection. Hybrid populations exist in Azuero, Tuira, Cauca, Vaupés, Puerto Ayacucho and Solimões, probably resulting from exchange and introgressions among sympatric wild and cultivated populations. Genetic distance (Dm) was estimated to determine the degree of relationship among populations using the neighbor-joining method; the wild populations from Maracaibo were used as the outgroup. The populations were divided into three general groups: Maracaibo (B. caribaea, B. macana var veragua and B. macana var arapuey), Eastern Amazon (Tembe, Pará and Acre) and a third group with two subgroups, Western (Azuero, Chontilla, Tuira, Cauca, Tucurrique and Guatuso) and Upper Amazon (B. dahlgreniana, Puerto Ayacucho, Solimões, Vaupés and Putumayo). The genetic relationships strongly support the hypothesis that peach palm was brought into cultivation independently in no less than three areas: the Western Andes (extending into lower Central America); Upper Amazon (extending

  10. Whole-system metabolism and CO2 fluxes in a Mediterranean Bay dominated by seagrass beds (Palma Bay, NW Mediterranean)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gazeau, F.; Duarte, C. M.; Gattuso, J.-P.; Barrón, C.; Navarro, N.; Ruiz, S.; Prairie, Y. T.; Calleja, M.; Delille, B.; Frankignoulle, M.; Borges, A. V.

    Planktonic and benthic incubations (bare and Posidonia oceanica vegetated sediments) were performed at monthly intervals from March 2001 to October 2002 in a seagrass vegetated area of the Bay of Palma (Mallorca, Spain). Results showed a contrast between the planktonic compartment, which was on average near metabolic balance (-4.6±5.9 mmol O2 m-2 d-1) and the benthic compartment, which was autotrophic (17.6±8.5 mmol O2 m-2 d-1). During two cruises in March and June 2002, planktonic and benthic incubations were performed at several stations in the bay to estimate the whole-system metabolism and to examine its relationship with partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and apparent oxygen utilisation (AOU) spatial patterns. Moreover, during the second cruise, when the residence time of water was long enough, net ecosystem production (NEP) estimates based on incubations were compared, over the Posidonia oceanica meadow, to rates derived from dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and oxygen (O2) mass balance budgets. These budgets provided NEP estimates in fair agreement with those derived from direct metabolic estimates based on incubated samples over the Posidonia oceanica meadow. Whereas the seagrass community was autotrophic, the excess organic carbon production therein could only balance the planktonic heterotrophy in shallow waters relative to the maximum depth of the bay (55 m). This generated a horizontal gradient from autotrophic or balanced communities in the shallow seagrass-covered areas, to strongly heterotrophic communities in deeper areas of the bay. It seems therefore that, on an annual scale in the whole bay, the organic matter production by the Posidonia oceanica may not be sufficient to fully compensate the heterotrophy of the planktonic compartment, which may require external organic carbon inputs, most likely from land.

  11. The performance of various palaeointensity techniques as a function of rock magnetic behaviour - A case study for La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monster, Marilyn W. L.; de Groot, Lennart V.; Biggin, Andrew J.; Dekkers, Mark J.

    2015-05-01

    Three different palaeointensity methods were applied to six historical and three carbon-dated flows from the island of La Palma (Spain); in total fifteen sites were processed. The two 20th-century flows were sampled at multiple locations as their obtained directions and intensities can be compared directly to those from the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF). After determination of the declinations and inclinations of the natural remanent magnetisation (NRM) by thermal and alternating-field demagnetisation, the samples were subjected to standard rock magnetic analyses to determine their Curie and alteration temperatures. Based on these characteristics, the sites were allocated to one of four rock magnetic groups labelled L∗, L, C, and H, a division primarily based on the temperature-dependent behaviour of the low-field susceptibility that has been used in studies of other volcanic edifices. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations revealed little oxidation and exsolution (oxidation classes I to III). Palaeointensities were determined using the classic Thellier-Thellier method (Aitken and IZZI protocols), the microwave method and the domain-state-corrected multispecimen method. Thellier-Thellier and microwave results were analysed using the ThellierTool A and B sets of selection criteria as modified by Paterson et al. (2014). Their combined success rate was around 40%. Of the eight IGRF sites, two yielded average intensities within 10% of the IGRF value. For the microwave method, three sites reproduced the IGRF intensity within 10%. In the domain-state-corrected multispecimen protocol, just one site (site 9, 1971) passed the 'ARM-test' (applied in retrospect) and showed less than 3% progressive alteration. Its multispecimen result reproduced the palaeofield within error. The other IGRF sites over- or underestimated the palaeofield by up to 50%. The seven older sites produced plausible palaeointensities, generally within a few μT of model data

  12. Numerical modeling of tsunami waves generated by the flank collapse of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano (La Palma, Canary Islands): Tsunami source and near field effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abadie, S. M.; Harris, J. C.; Grilli, S. T.; Fabre, R.

    2012-05-01

    In this work, we study waves generated by the potential collapse of the west flank of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano (CVV; La Palma, Canary Island, Spain) through numerical simulations performed in two stages: (i) the initial slide motion and resulting free surface elevation are first calculated using a 3D Navier-Stokes model; (ii) generated waves are then input into a 2D (horizontal) Boussinesq model to further simulate propagation to the nearby islands. Unlike in earlier work on CVV, besides a similar extreme slide volume scenario of 450 km3, in our simulations: (i) we consider several slide scenarios featuring different volumes (i.e., 20, 40, 80 km3), which partly result from a geotechnical slope stability analysis; (ii) we use a more accurate bathymetry; and (iii) an incompressible version of a multiple-fluid/material Navier-Stokes model. We find wave trains for each scenario share common features in terms of wave directivity, frequency, and time evolution, but maximum elevations near CVV significantly differ, ranging from 600 to 1200 m (for increasing slide volume). Additionally, our computations show that significant energy transfer from slide to waves only lasts for a short duration (order 200 s), which justifies concentrating our best modeling efforts on the early slide motion phase. The anticipated consequences of such wave trains on La Palma and other Canary Islands are assessed in detail in the paper.

  13. Proceedings of the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) International Conference on e-Learning (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, July 21-24, 2015)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunes, Miguel Baptista, Ed.; McPherson, Maggie, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    These proceedings contain the papers of the International Conference e-Learning 2015, which was organised by the International Association for Development of the Information and Society and is part of the Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, July 21-24, 2015). The e-Learning 2015…

  14. High Resolution, Pb Isotope Variability Within Historic Eruptions of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Locke, J. A.; Peterson, B. T.; Nelson, B. K.

    2005-12-01

    The range of time-scales over which ocean island basalt (OIB) magmatism taps different mantle heterogeneities is a fundamental dynamic of mantle plumes. The variability of long-lived radiogenic isotopes in OIB magmas erupted on time scales less than 100 years has been addressed primarily for Hawaiian magmas (e.g., Pietruszka et al., 2001). Similar data are relatively sparse for hot spots with low buoyancy fluxes. The Canary Islands have low eruption rates and have been historically active. The Cumbre Vieja volcano in southern La Palma, Canary Islands, has six, well-mapped, historic eruptions spanning the entire southern rift zone. We have investigated Pb isotope compositional variations expressed in magmas erupted in a series of events spanning 500 years (the 1480, 1585, 1677, 1712, 1949, and 1971 eruptions), and sampled in detail two of these events (the 1677 and 1712 eruptions) to document isotopic variability at the month to year time-scale as well as the 100-year time scale. Previous Pb isotope investigations of Cumbre Vieja did not reveal systematic variations (e.g., Marcantonio et al., 1995 and Ovchinnikova et al., 1995). With denser sampling (40 samples) and higher precision MC-ICP-MS analyses, we observe that radiogenic Pb isotope compositions over the 500 year eruptive history decrease systematically with time (206Pb/204Pb =19.669 -- 19.611, 207Pb/ 204Pb = 15.618 -- 15.602, 208Pb/204Pb = 39.530 -- 39.430). Detailed Pb isotope analyses of the 1677 and 1712 eruptions indicate isotopically homogeneous magmas within a single eruptive episode. However, samples from both the 1677 and 1712 eruptions display mineralogic evidence for magma mixing: 1677 samples include isotopically distinct gabbroic xenoliths, and both magmas have reversely- zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts with corroded cores of Na-rich salite, and zoned overgrowths of Al-rich salite. With time, an increasing proportion of partial melt from a less radiogenic end-member within a heterogeneous plume

  15. Mechanics of the fast-start: muscle function and the role of intramuscular pressure in the escape behavior of amia calva and polypterus palmas

    PubMed

    Westneat; Hale; Mchenry; Long

    1998-11-01

    The fast-start escape response is a rapid, powerful body motion used to generate high accelerations of the body in virtually all fishes. Although the neurobiology and behavior of the fast-start are often studied, the patterns of muscle activity and muscle force production during escape are less well understood. We studied the fast-starts of two basal actinopterygian fishes (Amia calva and Polypterus palmas) to investigate the functional morphology of the fast-start and the role of intramuscular pressure (IMP) in escape behavior. Our goals were to determine whether IMP increases during fast starts, to look for associations between muscle activity and elevated IMP, and to determine the functional role of IMP in the mechanics of the escape response. We simultaneously recorded the kinematics, muscle activity patterns and IMP of four A. calva and three P. palmas during the escape response. Both species generated high IMPs of up to 90 kPa (nearly 1 atmosphere) above ambient during the fast-start. The two species showed similar pressure magnitudes but had significantly different motor patterns and escape performance. Stage 1 of the fast-start was generated by simultaneous contraction of locomotor muscle on both sides of the body, although electromyogram amplitudes on the contralateral (convex) side of the fish were significantly lower than on the ipsilateral (concave) side. Simultaneous recordings of IMP, escape motion and muscle activity suggest that pressure change is caused by the contraction and radial swelling of cone-shaped myomeres. We develop a model of IMP production that incorporates myomere geometry, the concept of constant-volume muscular hydrostats, the relationship between fiber angle and muscle force, and the forces that muscle fibers produce. The timing profile of pressure change, behavior and muscle action indicates that elevated muscle pressure is a mechanism of stiffening the body and functions in force transmission during the escape response.

  16. Epiclastic deposits associated with large-scale landslides and the formation of erosive calderas in oceanic islands: The example of the La Palma Island (Canary Archipelago)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colmenero, J. R.; de la Nuez, J.; Casillas, R.; Castillo, C.

    2012-12-01

    The growth and evolution of the La Palma Island has frequently been punctuated by high magnitude mass-wasting events triggered by gravitational collapses of volcanic edifices and by the erosion of the Caldera de Taburiente. These episodes are evidenced by voluminous debris accumulations in the submarine vicinity of the island and the presence of six very-coarse epiclastic units in the geological record of the island. In this paper we study these epiclastic units in order to characterize their stratigraphic architecture and facies associations, and the mechanisms involved in the transport and emplacement of the material associated with large failures and the erosion of volcanic edifices. Emphasis is also placed on characterising the temporal sequence of processes that have occurred on the island and discussing the origin of the Caldera de Taburiente. Three of the units described - La Cumbrecita Breccias and Megabreccias, La Pared de la Caldera Breccias and Conglomerates and La Viña Breccias - are overlying the detachment surfaces of the Santa Cruz de La Palma, Playa de la Veta and Cumbre Nueva landslides, respectively. They mainly represent the products of debris avalanches and debris flows with subordinate stream-flows filling the scars of the landslides. Unit 4, Las Angustias Breccias and Conglomerates, is interpreted as debris-flow or lahar deposits generated by landslides during the growth of the Bejenado Volcano. The uppermost units, the Tazacorte Conglomerates and El Riachuelo Conglomerates, represent water-laid deposits related to the excavation and erosion of the Caldera de Taburiente, and the incision of a valley between the Bejenado Volcano and the Cumbre Nueva scarp, respectively. Our results provide new and valuable data about cyclic events of construction-destruction of volcanic edifices worldwide, and their related processes and deposits.

  17. Testing the Palma-Clary Reduced Dimensionality Model Using Classical Mechanics on the CH4 + H → CH3 + H2 Reaction.

    PubMed

    Vikár, Anna; Nagy, Tibor; Lendvay, György

    2016-07-14

    Application of exact quantum scattering methods in theoretical reaction dynamics of bimolecular reactions is limited by the complexity of the equations of nuclear motion to be solved. Simplification is often achieved by reducing the number of degrees of freedom to be explicitly handled by freezing the less important spectator modes. The reaction cross sections obtained in reduced-dimensionality (RD) quantum scattering methods can be used in the calculation of rate coefficients, but their physical meaning is limited. The accurate test of the performance of a reduced-dimensionality method would be a comparison of the RD cross sections with those obtained in accurate full-dimensional (FD) calculations, which is not feasible because of the lack of complete full-dimensional results. However, classical mechanics allows one to perform reaction dynamics calculations using both the RD and the FD model. In this paper, an RD versus FD comparison is made for the 8-dimensional Palma-Clary model on the example of four isotopologs of the CH4 + H → CH3 + H2 reaction, which has 12 internal dimensions. In the Palma-Clary model, the only restriction is that the methyl group is confined to maintain C3v symmetry. Both RD and FD opacity and excitation functions as well as differential cross sections were calculated using the quasiclassical trajectory method. The initial reactant separation has been handled according to our one-period averaging method [ Nagy et al. J. Chem. Phys. 2016, 144, 014104 ]. The RD and FD excitation functions were found to be close to each other for some isotopologs, but in general, the RD reactivity parameters are lower than the FD reactivity parameters beyond statistical error, and for one of the isotopologs, the deviation is significant. This indicates that the goodness of RD cross sections cannot be taken for granted.

  18. High-precision 40Ar/^{39}Ar Ages for the Matuyama-Brunhes Reversal and the Big Lost Subchron from Lava Flows on La Palma, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Relle, M.; Singer, B.; Hoffman, K.; Battle, A.; Laj, C.; Carracedo, J.; Guillou, H.

    2001-05-01

    The timing of geomagnetic reversals, excursions or events is crucial to understanding the frequency of geomagnetic field instability. A detailed study of 36 lava flows comprising two stratigraphic sequences on the island of La Palma, Canary Islands revealed a complex record of 3 distinct geomagnetic events. The Matuyama-Brunhes (M-B) reversal is recorded in 5 transitionally magnetized lava flows from the north side of the Barranco de Los Tilos. The isochron ages for 3 of these lavas are defined by 11 incremental heating experiments and yielded a weighted mean age* of 796.3\\pm9.0 ka (2\\sigma). On the basis of paleomagnetic results and 2 imprecise K-Ar ages (Abdel-Monem et al., 1972), lavas in the south side of Los Tilos Barranco were previously thought to record the M-B reversal. The lowermost lavas have a weak remanence that may suggest transitioning field behavior. 40Ar/^{39}Ar isochrons from 4 of these flows were defined by 11 separate incremental-heating experiments, and gave a weighted mean age of 823.2\\pm8.6 ka. This anomalous, but not fully transitional, field behavior, 27\\pm17 ka prior to the M-B reversal, may evince a precursor to the M-B reversal as suggested in some marine sediment records. Further up section are two normal polarity flows that gave 40Ar/^{39}Ar isochrons of 751.9\\pm8.1 ka and 675.0\\pm15.7 ka, confirming the highly episodic nature of volcanism that preserves this geomagnetic record. Directly above these normal flows are nine transitionally magnetized lavas with VGPs over India and the section is capped by one normal polarity flow. The 40Ar/^{39}Ar isochrons of 5 lavas, including the uppermost normal flow, were defined by 14 separate experiments and gave a weighted mean age of 578.6\\pm7.8 ka. From these same transitional lavas, Quidelleur et al. (1999, EPSL) reported 3 unspiked K-Ar ages with a weighted mean of 602\\pm24 ka (2\\sigma) and proposed a new event called the "La Palma" excursion. The 40Ar/^{39}Ar age presented here is a

  19. A molecular phylogenetic study of the Palmae (Arecaceae) based on atpB, rbcL, and 18S nrDNA sequences.

    PubMed

    Hahn, William J

    2002-02-01

    Notoriously slow rates of molecular evolution and convergent evolution among some morphological characters have limited phylogenetic resolution for the palm family (Arecaceae). This study adds nuclear DNA (18S SSU rRNA) and chloroplast DNA (cpDNA; atpB and rbcL) sequence data for 65 genera of palms and characterizes molecular variation for each molecule. Phylogenetic relationships were estimated with maximum likelihood and maximum parsimony techniques for the new data and for previously published molecular data for 45 palm genera. Maximum parsimony analysis was also used to compare molecular and morphological data for 33 palm genera. Incongruence among datasets was detected between cpDNA and 18S data and between molecular and morphological data. Most conflict between nuclear and cpDNA data was associated with the genus Nypa. Several taxa showed relatively long branches with 18S data, but phylogenetic resolution of these taxa was essentially the same for 18S and cpDNA data. Base composition bias for 18S that contributed to erroneous phylogenetic resolution in other taxa did not seem to be present in Palmae. Morphological data were incongruent with all molecular data due to apparent morphological homoplasy for Caryoteae, Ceroxyloideae, Iriarteae, and Thrinacinae. Both cpDNA and nuclear 18S data firmly resolved Caryoteae with Borasseae of Coryphoideae, suggesting that at least some morphological characters used to place Caryoteae in Arecoideae are homoplastic. In this study, increased character sampling seems to be more important than increased taxon sampling; a comparison of the full (65-taxon) and reduced (45- and 33-taxon) datasets suggests little difference in core topology but considerably more nodal support with the increased character sample sizes. These results indicate a general trend toward a stable estimate of phylogenetic relationships for the Palmae. Although the 33-taxon topologies are even better resolved, they lack several critical taxa and are

  20. Raman spectroscopic analysis of dragon's blood resins-basis for distinguishing between Dracaena(Convallariaceae), Daemonorops(Palmae) and Croton(Euphorbiaceae).

    PubMed

    Edwards, Howell G M; de Oliveira, Luiz F C; Prendergast, Hew D V

    2004-02-01

    "Dragon[prime or minute]s blood" is the name applied to the deep-red coloured resin obtained from various plants. The original source in Roman times, used by many cultures and esteemed for its depth of colour and mystical association, was the dragon tree Dracaena cinnabari(Convallariaceae), found only on the Indian Ocean island of Socotra, (Yemen). Additional sources emerged later, including another species of Dracaena, D. draco, from the Canary Islands and Madeira, and species in the genera Daemonorops(Palmae) from South East Asia and Croton(Euphorbiaceae) from tropical parts of both the New and Old Worlds. In this study, examples of dragon's blood resins from the Economic Botany Collections at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, dating from 1851 to 1993, have been analysed non-destructively using Raman spectroscopy. The Raman spectra of well-documented, provenanced specimens have been used to establish the source of specimens of questionable or unknown origin. It has also been possible from the Raman spectra to indicate whether processing of the resins has been undertaken in the preparation of the specimens before their deposition at Kew.

  1. Ultrastructural study of the spermatozoon of Taenia taeniaeformis (Batsch, 1786) (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea, Taeniidae), an intestinal parasite of Felis catus from La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain).

    PubMed

    Miquel, Jordi; Foronda, Pilar; Torres, Jordi; Swiderski, Zdzisław; Feliu, Carlos

    2009-06-01

    The ultrastructural characters of the mature spermatozoon of Taenia taeniaeformis are described by means of transmission electron microscopy. Materials were obtained from a naturally infected road-killed cat (Felis catus) from La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). The mature spermatozoon of T. taeniaeformis is a filiform cell, which is tapered at both extremities and lacks mitochondria. It is characterised by the presence of (1) a single spirallised crested body about 140 nm thick, (2) a single axoneme of the 9+'1' pattern of trepaxonematan Platyhelminthes, (3) a twisted (40 degrees ) layer of submembranous cortical microtubules, (4) a periaxonemal sheath surrounding the axoneme, (5) transverse intracytoplasmic walls and (6) a spirallised nucleus encircling the axoneme. The mature spermatozoon of T. taeniaeformis is also characterised by the presence of an apical cone in its anterior extremity and by the disorganisation of the axoneme in its posterior extremity. The ultrastructural characters of the mature spermatozoon of T. taeniaeformis are compared with those of other cestodes studied to date, with particular emphasis on other representatives of the family Taeniidae.

  2. Geophysical evidence for the intersection of the St Paul, Cape Palmas and Grand Cess fracture zones with the continental margin of Liberia, West Africa

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Behrendt, John C.; Schlee, J.; Robb, James M.

    1974-01-01

    PUBLISHED reconstructions of Gondwana continent1 (Fig. la) show a gap in fit near the junction of the Americas and Africa. To study this critical area, the Unitedgeo I made geophysical measurements and collected rock samples across the continental margin of Liberia (USGS-IDOE cruise leg 5) in November 1971. Figure Ib indicates the location of the 5,400 km of ship track on a generalised bathymetric map2. We shall discuss the data in detail elsewhere. Here we present the evidence for the existence of three fracture zones, two of which have not been reported previously, intersecting the continental margin at the north end of the South Atlantic, which remained closed probably until Cretaceous time. We suggest that Precambrian structures on the African continent controlled the location of these fracture zones. Figure Ic compares gravity and magnetic profiles and interpretations of the seismic profiles for three selected lines (27, 30 and 34) crossing the Grand Cess, Cape Palmas and St Paul fracture zones, respectively. ?? 1974 Nature Publishing Group.

  3. Lithospheric contributions to high-MgO basanites from the Cumbre Vieja Volcano, La Palma, Canary Islands and evidence for temporal variation in plume influence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prægel, N.-O.; Holm, P. M.

    2006-01-01

    New geochemical and isotopic data are presented from the oldest part of the Cumbre Vieja volcano, La Palma (Canary Islands), located near the assumed emergence of the Canary mantle plume. The volcanics comprise a suite dominated by basanite flows with subordinate amounts of phono-tephrite, tephri-phonolite and phonolite flows and intrusives. Two compositionally different basanite groups have been identified, both with HIMU (high-μ)-type incompatible trace element characteristics: Primitive high-MgO basanites (10.7-12.1% MgO), found only at the base of a stratigraphic profile near Fuencaliente on the south coast, and intermediate-MgO basanites (6.0-7.3% MgO), exposed in the upper part of the profile and widespread on the east coast of La Palma. The high-MgO basanites are interpreted as near-primary mantle melts (primary composition 14-15% MgO) derived by progressive melting (2.9% to 4.5%) of a common lithospheric mantle source. Model calculations indicate that it is not possible to generate the intermediate-MgO basanites from the high-MgO group by crystal fractionation of observed phenocrysts. Relative to intermediate-MgO basanites, the high-MgO flows have lower concentrations of LIL and HFS elements, except for Ti, which is markedly enriched in the primitive rocks (3.7-4.7% TiO 2 vs 3.4-3.9% TiO 2). Fuencaliente volcanics display limited temporal isotopic variations suggested to be a result of mixing of melts originating from the rising plume and the metazomatized lithospheric mantle. 87Sr / 86Sr and 143Nd / 144Nd ratios range 0.70305-0.70311 and 0.51285-0.51291, respectively, while the corresponding ranges in Pb-isotope ratios are 206Pb / 204Pb = 19.46-19.64, 207Pb / 204Pb = 15.55-15.61, and 208Pb / 204Pb = 39.16-39.53. The overall variation of the Cumbre Vieja isotopic data can be accounted for by mixtures of three mantle components in the proportions 72-79% plume source (LVC = low velocity component), 9-16% depleted mantle (DM) and up to 12% enriched mantle

  4. [The way we were. On the centenary of the first Spanish Congress of Paediatrics in Palma de Mallorca (1914-2014)].

    PubMed

    Ponte Hernando, F; Zafra Anta, M; Fernández Menéndez, J M; Gorrotxategi Gorrotxategi, P; Bassat, Q; Fernández Teijeiro, J J; de Arana Amurrio, J I; García Nieto, V

    2014-06-01

    Between the 19th and 25th April 1914, the First Spanish Congress of Paediatrics was held in Palma de Mallorca under the slogan "Protect the Children". The specialty had broken away a few years earlier from its secular connection with Obstetrics and Gynaecology, both in its teaching aspect as well as regarding healthcare. With the newly created Chairs in Childhood Diseases, in a way this Congress meant the coming-of age and debut int society of paediatrics in our country. Prof. Martínez Vargas, a university professor in Barcelona, was the Chairman, and soul of the congress. There was a need to face a very high rate of infant mortality. The Congress responded to that social and sanitary/health demand with the participation of over three hundred pediatricians, including foreign representatives from Belgium, France, Russia and Latin America. The activities were divided into four sections: Childcare, Child Medicine, Surgery and Health, and accredited lecturers gave master classes on the most pressing issues of child pathology of the time. One hundred years on, what we are today is the fruit gathered by those who preceded us. Some were brilliant figures in paediatrics and others, the majority, anonymous paediatricians. They dedicated their lives, their science and their best smile to child care. The way we were and the way we are. With legitimate pride and satisfaction, it is an honour for the Group on the History of Paediatrics and AEP Documentation to celebrate this centennial commemoration in the framework of the Annals of Paediatrics. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  5. Core and symbiotic genes reveal nine Mesorhizobium genospecies and three symbiotic lineages among the rhizobia nodulating Cicer canariense in its natural habitat (La Palma, Canary Islands).

    PubMed

    Armas-Capote, Natalia; Pérez-Yépez, Juan; Martínez-Hidalgo, Pilar; Garzón-Machado, Víctor; Del Arco-Aguilar, Marcelino; Velázquez, Encarna; León-Barrios, Milagros

    2014-03-01

    Cicer canariense is a threatened perennial wild chickpea endemic to the Canary Islands. In this study, rhizobia that nodulate this species in its natural habitats on La Palma (Canary Islands) were characterised. The genetic diversity and phylogeny were estimated by RAPD profiles, 16S-RFLP analysis and sequencing of the rrs, recA, glnII and nodC genes. 16S-RFLP grouped the isolates within the Mesorhizobium genus and distinguished nine different ribotypes. Four branches included minority ribotypes (3-5 isolates), whereas another five contained the predominant ribotypes that clustered with reference strains of M. tianshanense/M. gobiense/M. metallidurans, M. caraganae, M. opportunistum, M. ciceri and M. tamadayense. The sequences confirmed the RFLP groupings but resolved additional internal divergence within the M. caraganae group and outlined several potential novel species. The RAPD profiles showed a high diversity at the infraspecific level, except in the M. ciceri group. The nodC phylogeny resolved three symbiotic lineages. A small group of isolates had sequences identical to those of symbiovar ciceri and were only detected in M. ciceri isolates. Another group of sequences represented a novel symbiotic lineage that was associated with two particular chromosomal backgrounds. However, nodC sequences closely related to symbiovar loti predominated in most isolates, and they were detected in several chromosomal backgrounds corresponding to up to nine Mesorhizobium lineages. The results indicated that C. canariense is a promiscuous legume that can be nodulated by several rhizobial species and symbiotypes, which means it will be important to determine the combination of core and symbiotic genes that produce the most effective symbiosis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  6. Multidisciplinary approach for the characterization of landslides in volcanic areas - a case study from the Palma Sola-Chiconquiaco Mountain Range, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilde, Martina; Rodríguez Elizarrarás, Sergio R.; Morales Barrera, Wendy V.; Schwindt, Daniel; Bücker, Matthias; Flores Orozco, Adrián; García García, Emilio; Pita de la Paz, Carlos; Terhorst, Birgit

    2017-04-01

    The Palma Sola-Chiconquiaco mountain range, situated in the State of Veracruz, Mexico, is highly susceptible to landslides, which is evidenced by the high frequency of landslide events of different sizes. The study area is located near the Gulf of Mexico coastline in the eastern sector of the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt. There, landslide triggers are intense rainfalls related to tropical storms and hurricanes. Steeper slopes are commonly affected by rockfalls, whereas moderate slopes, covered by massive slope deposits, are affected by shallow as well as deep seated landslides. Some of the landslides in the slope deposits reach dimensions of more than 1000 m in length and depths of over 30 m. The heterogeneous parent material as well as older slide masses hamper the detailed characterization of the involved materials. Therefore, in this study, a multidisciplinary approach is applied that integrates geomorphological, geological, and geophysical data. The aim is the reconstruction of process dynamics by analyzing the geomorphological situation and subsurface conditions before and after the event. The focus lies on the identification of past landslide areas, which represent areas with high susceptibility for the reactivation of old slide masses. Furthermore, the analysis of digital terrain models, generated before the landslide event, indicate initial movements like extension cracks, which are located close to the current scarp area. In order to characterize the subsurface of slide masses geophysical investigations are applied. The geophysical survey consists of a total of nine profiles covering relevant key features of the large affected area. Along these profiles, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and seismic refraction tomography (SRT) data were collected. Both, electrical and seismic images reveal a sharp contrast between relatively loose and dry material of the slide mass (high resistivities and low seismic velocities) and the former land surface that is

  7. Far-Field Tsunami Impact in the North Atlantic Basin from Large Scale Flank Collapses of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano, La Palma

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tehranirad, Babak; Harris, Jeffrey C.; Grilli, Annette R.; Grilli, Stephan T.; Abadie, Stéphane; Kirby, James T.; Shi, Fengyan

    2015-12-01

    In their pioneering work, Ward and Day suggested that a large scale flank collapse of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano (CVV) on La Palma (Canary Islands) could trigger a mega-tsunami throughout the North Atlantic Ocean basin, causing major coastal impact in the far-field. While more recent studies indicate that near-field waves from such a collapse would be more moderate than originally predicted by Ward and Day [Løvholt et al. (J Geophy Res 113:C09026, 2008); Abadie et al. (J Geophy Res 117:C05030, 2012)], these would still be formidable and devastate the Canary Island, while causing major impact in the far-field at many locations along the western European, African, and the US east coasts. Abadie et al. (J Geophy Res 117:C05030, 2012) simulated tsunami generation and near-field tsunami impact from a few CVV subaerial slide scenarios, with volumes ranging from 20 to 450 km^3; the latter representing the most extreme scenario proposed by Ward and Day. They modeled tsunami generation, i.e., the tsunami source, using THETIS, a 3D Navier-Stokes (NS) multi-fluid VOF model, in which slide material was considered as a nearly inviscid heavy fluid. Near-field tsunami impact was then simulated for each source using FUNWAVE-TVD, a dispersive and fully nonlinear long wave Boussinesq model [ Shi et al. (Ocean Modell 43-44:36-51, 2012); Kirby et al. (Ocean Modeling, 62:39-55, 2013)]. Here, using FUNWAVE-TVD for a series of nested grids of increasingly fine resolution, we model and analyze far-field tsunami impact from two of Abadie et al.'s extreme CVV flank collapse scenarios: (i) that deemed the most "credible worst case scenario" based on a slope stability analysis, with a 80 km^3 volume; and (ii) the most extreme scenario, similar to Ward and Day's, with a 450 km^3 volume. Simulations are performed using a one-way coupling scheme in between two given levels of nested grids. Based on the simulation results, the overall tsunami impact is first assessed in terms of maximum surface

  8. Palaeosecular variation recorded by 9 ka to 2.5-Ma-old lavas from Martinique Island: new evidence for the La Palma aborted reversal ˜617 ka ago

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanty, Cyrielle; Carlut, Julie; Valet, Jean-Pierre; Germa, Aurélie

    2015-02-01

    Fifteen sites of lava flows from Martinique Island (FWI) have been selected to document the geomagnetic field in the Caribbean area over the past 2.5 Ma and further constrain the time-averaged field during this period. Identical characteristic directions were isolated using both AF and thermal stepwise demagnetization techniques in all flows. Nine mean-site directions have a normal polarity, while three others are reversed. The mean geomagnetic pole position obtained after reducing all directions to the same polarity is indistinguishable from the present north geographic pole. The dispersion is at least 8° larger than the values derived from the time-averaged field models and remains unexplained otherwise than resulting from the relatively small number of directions. The other three flows are characterized by large deviations from the expected north-south direction. One lava flow dated at 1.69 Ma (±0.02 Ma) is likely associated with a transitional field during the Gilsà subchron. The lava flow dated at 770 ka (±11 ka) coincides with the age of the Brunhes-Matuyama geomagnetic reversal and is also coeval with another intermediate flow of the same age found at Guadeloupe Island. The 617 ka (±52 ka) old unit is characterized by reversed directions that are evidently not related to the last reversal, but with other reversed polarity and transitional lava flows of the same age recorded, respectively at Mexico and La Palma island. We infer that the presence of reversed directions with the same age at distinct localities confirms that a short episode of reversed polarity has occurred during this period.

  9. The use of piassava fibers (Attalea funifera) in the preparation of activated carbon.

    PubMed

    Avelar, Fabiana Ferreira; Bianchi, Maria Lúcia; Gonçalves, Maraisa; da Mota, Estella Gaspar

    2010-06-01

    The piassava fiber, residue of the broom industry, was used as precursor for the preparation of activated carbons (AC). AC were prepared by chemical activation with zinc chloride (AC ZnCl(2)) or phosphoric acid (AC H(3)PO(4)) and by physical activation with carbon dioxide (AC CO(2)) or water vapor (AC H(2)O). These materials were characterized by adsorption/desorption of N(2) to determine the BET areas, elemental analysis (CHN), thermogravimetric analysis (TG, DTA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The carbons were tested with respect to their adsorption capacity of methylene blue, reactive red, phenol and metallic ions (Cr(+6), Cu(+2) and Zn(+2)). AC ZnCl(2) presented the highest surface area (1190 m(2)g(-1)) and AC H(3)PO(4), the largest pore volume (0.543 cm(3)g(-1)). AC ZnCl(2) was more efficient in the adsorption of methylene blue, Cr(+6) and Cu(+2) ions. AC H(2)O was the better adsorbent for phenol, while AC CO(2) was better for Zn(+2) ions.

  10. Ecology of Trypanosoma cruzi I genotypes across Rhodnius prolixus captured in Attalea butyracea palms.

    PubMed

    Poveda, Cristina; Higuera, Adriana; Urbano, Plutarco; Ramírez, Juan David

    2017-04-01

    Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease exhibits significant genetic diversity. This parasite is divided into six discrete typing units (DTUs) where T. cruzi I (TcI) is the most widespread in the Americas. TcI genotypes have been associated to domestic and sylvatic cycles of transmission (TcIDom and sylvatic TcI). Due to the importance of the enzootic transmission, we determined the frequency of TcI genotypes present in Rhodnius prolixus captured in different regions of the palm A. butyracea to understand the ecology of the disease and the importance of A. butyracea palms as ecotopes of R. prolixus. Forty A. butyracea palms were sampled (base crown, mid-point and crown) capturing 105 individuals identified as R. prolixus by morphological and molecular barcoding. We conducted molecular detection and typing of T. cruzi across 59 individuals. The results showed that all the insects were infected with TcI; 28.57% were sylvatic TcI, 12.38% TcIDom and 15,24% mixed infections (TcIDom/sylvatic TcI). Statistical analysis showed a similar behavior between TcIDom and mixed infections in the mid-point and at the crown of the palm, being more frequent in the crown, while sylvatic TcI does not seem to have a specific association with any of the sampled areas. These findings are consistent with other studies showing high mobility of the insect vector between different ecotopes, increasing the need to develop improvements in the programs of disease control.

  11. [Comparison of methods for the capture of triatomines ( Hemiptera: Reduviidae ) in Attalea butyracea palms in the Eastern Plains of Colombia].

    PubMed

    Angulo, Víctor Manuel; Esteban, Lyda; Urbano, Plutarco; Hincapié, Eduwin; Núñez, Luis Alberto

    2013-01-01

    Studying triatominae in their natural ecotopes has great significance in the epidemiology of Chagas disease. Gathering live insects and the establishment of insectaries allows countless studies. Therefore, effective methods are needed for capturing wild triatomines, especially intrusive species such as Rhodnius prolixus . To compare four methods of capturing triatomines in palms to measure their effectiveness. Our study was conducted in Maní, department of Casanare, Colombia, with a predominance of A. butyracea . We compared four methodologies in 67 palms: live-bait traps, direct search in the palms, felling and dissection. The methods were effective to collect juveniles and adults. Felling and manual search showed the highest infestation rates (100% and 83.33%). Higher indexes of overcrowding (4.93), density (3.76), abundance range (1-13) and adult/nymph index (0.22) were obtained with the Angulo trap. Felling and dissection was the method which significantly collected a greater number of triatomines compared with the other methods (p <0.002); it was followed by the Angulo trap. We did not find any differences in the collection of the nymphal stages among the evaluated methods (p> 0.05). Even though felling was the best method for collecting the highest number of triatomines, live-bait with adhesives or shelters to trap insects were a good alternative to collect the insects in palms. Among them, the Angulo trap showed better results and it prevents the risk of exposure of the researcher and the intervention of natural ecotopes.

  12. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Potential of Palm Leaf Extracts from Babaçu (Attalea speciosa), Buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), and Macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata)

    PubMed Central

    Mahmoud, Talal Suleiman; do Nascimento, Guilherme Nobre L.; da Silva, Juliana Fonseca Moreira

    2016-01-01

    Babaçu (A. speciosa), Buriti (M. flexuosa), and Macaúba (A. aculeata) are palm trees typical of the ecotone area between Cerrado and the Amazon rainforest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of the extracts prepared from the leaves of those palms as well as determine their chemical compositions. The ethanol extracts were prepared in a Soxhlet apparatus and tested by disk diffusion and agar dilution technique against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, and Candida parapsilosis. However, there was no significant activity at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 mg·Ml−1. Moreover, the phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, catechins, steroids, triterpenes, and saponins. Gas chromatography (GC/MS) analysis also identified organic acids, such as capric (decanoic) acid, lauric (dodecanoic) acid, myristic (tetradecanoic) acid, phthalic (1,2-benzenedicarboxylic) acid, palmitic (hexadecanoic) acid, stearic (octadecanoic) acid, linoleic (9,12-octadecadienoic) acid (omega-6), linolenic (octadecatrienoic) acid (omega-3), and the terpenes citronellol and phytol. Based on the chemical composition in the palm leaf extracts, the palms have the potential to be useful in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. PMID:27529077

  13. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Potential of Palm Leaf Extracts from Babaçu (Attalea speciosa), Buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), and Macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata).

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Adriana Idalina Torcato; Mahmoud, Talal Suleiman; do Nascimento, Guilherme Nobre L; da Silva, Juliana Fonseca Moreira; Pimenta, Raphael Sanzio; de Morais, Paula Benevides

    2016-01-01

    Babaçu (A. speciosa), Buriti (M. flexuosa), and Macaúba (A. aculeata) are palm trees typical of the ecotone area between Cerrado and the Amazon rainforest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of the extracts prepared from the leaves of those palms as well as determine their chemical compositions. The ethanol extracts were prepared in a Soxhlet apparatus and tested by disk diffusion and agar dilution technique against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, and Candida parapsilosis. However, there was no significant activity at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 mg·Ml(-1). Moreover, the phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, catechins, steroids, triterpenes, and saponins. Gas chromatography (GC/MS) analysis also identified organic acids, such as capric (decanoic) acid, lauric (dodecanoic) acid, myristic (tetradecanoic) acid, phthalic (1,2-benzenedicarboxylic) acid, palmitic (hexadecanoic) acid, stearic (octadecanoic) acid, linoleic (9,12-octadecadienoic) acid (omega-6), linolenic (octadecatrienoic) acid (omega-3), and the terpenes citronellol and phytol. Based on the chemical composition in the palm leaf extracts, the palms have the potential to be useful in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries.

  14. Ecology of Rhodnius robustus Larrousse, 1927 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in Attalea palm trees of the Tapajós River Region (Pará State, Brazilian Amazon)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The rising number of acute cases of Chagas disease in the State of Pará, reported in the past two decades, has been associated, in part, with the ingestion of juice of local palm tree fruits, mainly açaí berry and bacaba. Near the study area, in Santarém, Pará State, an outbreak of Chagas disease has been notified and investigations suggest the consumption of bacaba juice as the main source of infection with T. cruzi. The purpose of this study is to assess the aspects associated to the ecology of Rhodnius robustus in palm trees of three communities of the Tapajós region, in the State of Pará, Brazil. Methods Palm trees were cut down and dissected to search for triatomines. DNA from triatomines was extracted to investigate natural infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and T. rangeli. For statistical analyzes, data from infestation of palm trees, as well as the rates of natural infection by T. cruzi and T. rangeli were compared by Chi-square test. Triatomine density values were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal Wallis test and then comparisons between each pair of variables were made by the Mann–Whitney test assuming a confidence interval of 95%. Results We dissected 136 palm trees, 60 at the end of the rainy period and 76 at the end of the dry period. Seventy-three of them (53.7%) were infested with triatomines and three species were found, namely: Rhodnius robustus, Rhodnius pictipes and Panstrongylus lignarius. We collected 743 triatomines, and R. robustus was predominant (n = 739). The identification of natural infection of the insects by trypanosomatids revealed that 125 triatomines were infected by T. cruzi, 69 by T. rangeli and 14 presented both parasites, indicating the presence of mixed infection in the same vector. Conclusion The results suggest that São Tomé is the community with greater density of triatomines and infestation of palm trees; also, it demonstrates the existence of an intense sylvatic cycle in the region, which demands intensive surveillance to prevent human transmission. PMID:24690302

  15. Ecology of Rhodnius robustus Larrousse, 1927 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in Attalea palm trees of the Tapajós River Region (Pará State, Brazilian Amazon).

    PubMed

    Dias, Fernando Braga Stehling; Quartier, Marion; Diotaiuti, Liléia; Mejía, Guy; Harry, Myriam; Lima, Anna Carolina Lustosa; Davidson, Robert; Mertens, Frédéric; Lucotte, Marc; Romaña, Christine A

    2014-04-01

    The rising number of acute cases of Chagas disease in the State of Pará, reported in the past two decades, has been associated, in part, with the ingestion of juice of local palm tree fruits, mainly açaí berry and bacaba. Near the study area, in Santarém, Pará State, an outbreak of Chagas disease has been notified and investigations suggest the consumption of bacaba juice as the main source of infection with T. cruzi. The purpose of this study is to assess the aspects associated to the ecology of Rhodnius robustus in palm trees of three communities of the Tapajós region, in the State of Pará, Brazil. Palm trees were cut down and dissected to search for triatomines. DNA from triatomines was extracted to investigate natural infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and T. rangeli. For statistical analyzes, data from infestation of palm trees, as well as the rates of natural infection by T. cruzi and T. rangeli were compared by Chi-square test. Triatomine density values were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal Wallis test and then comparisons between each pair of variables were made by the Mann-Whitney test assuming a confidence interval of 95%. We dissected 136 palm trees, 60 at the end of the rainy period and 76 at the end of the dry period. Seventy-three of them (53.7%) were infested with triatomines and three species were found, namely: Rhodnius robustus, Rhodnius pictipes and Panstrongylus lignarius. We collected 743 triatomines, and R. robustus was predominant (n = 739). The identification of natural infection of the insects by trypanosomatids revealed that 125 triatomines were infected by T. cruzi, 69 by T. rangeli and 14 presented both parasites, indicating the presence of mixed infection in the same vector. The results suggest that São Tomé is the community with greater density of triatomines and infestation of palm trees; also, it demonstrates the existence of an intense sylvatic cycle in the region, which demands intensive surveillance to prevent human transmission.

  16. Antimicrobial and antiviral activities of polyphenolics from Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae) husk fiber extract.

    PubMed

    Esquenazi, Daniele; Wigg, Marcia D; Miranda, Mônica M F S; Rodrigues, Hugo M; Tostes, João B F; Rozental, Sonia; da Silva, Antonio J R; Alviano, Celuta S

    2002-12-01

    The decoction of Cocos nucifera L. husk fiber has been used in northeastern Brazil traditional medicine for treatment of diarrhea and arthritis. Water extract obtained from coconut husk fiber and fractions from adsorption chromatography revealed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The crude extract and one of the fractions rich in catechin also showed inhibitory activity against acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1-ACVr). All fractions were inactive against the fungi Candida albicans, Fonsecaea pedrosoi and Cryptococcus neoformans. Catechin and epicatechin together with condensed tannins (B-type procyanidins) were demonstrated to be the components of the water extract.

  17. Coronary bifurcation lesions treated with simple approach (from the Cordoba & Las Palmas [CORPAL] Kiss Trial).

    PubMed

    Pan, Manuel; Medina, Alfonso; Suárez de Lezo, José; Romero, Miguel; Segura, Jose; Martín, Pedro; Suárez de Lezo, Javier; Hernández, Enrique; Mazuelos, Francisco; Moreno, Alvaro; Pavlovic, Djordje; Ojeda, Soledad; Toledano, Francisco; Leon, Carmen

    2011-05-15

    The present report compared the incidence of 1-year clinical events in patients with bifurcation lesions that had been treated with a simple approach who were randomized to either a simultaneous final kissing balloon (KB) or an isolated side-branch (SB) balloon post-dilation. From February 2007 to December 2008, 293 patients with all types of Medina bifurcation lesions were enrolled in a prospective study. All patients underwent implantation of a sirolimus- or everolimus-eluting stent across the bifurcation and provisional SB stenting. Patients with no SB ostial compromise or those needing a second stent were excluded from the present study (n = 49). The eligible patients were randomly assigned to treatment with final KB inflation (n = 124, KB group) or isolated balloon after dilation (n = 120, non-KB group). No significant differences were found between the patients from the KB and non-KB groups in terms of age, risk factors, clinical status, or location of the bifurcation lesions. The angiographic data and immediate results were also similar in both groups. Four patients experienced a non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction in the hospital: three (2%) from the KB group and one (1%) from the non-KB group. Two in-hospital deaths occurred in the non-KB group. Target lesion revascularization was required in 7 patients (3%): 5 from the KB group and 2 from the non-KB group. Late mortality occurred in 3 patients from the KB group and 2 patients from the non-KB group. The incidence of major events at 1 year (death, target lesion revascularization, or acute myocardial infarction) was similar in both groups: 11 (9%) from the KB group and 7 (6%) from the non-KB group (p = NS). In conclusion, no differences in the clinical outcome at 1 year of follow-up were observed between the patients with bifurcation lesions treated with a simple approach and either a simultaneous final KB or an isolated SB balloon post-dilation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Cocos nucifera Linn. (Palmae) husk fiber ethanolic extract: antioxidant capacity and electrochemical investigation.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Monika Bezerra dos Santos; Valentim, Iara Barros; de Vasconcelos, Camila Calado; Omena, Cristhiane Maria Bazílio; Bechara, Etelvino José Henriques; da Costa, João Gomes; Freitas, Mikael de Lima; Sant'Ana, Antônio Euzébio Goulart; Goulart, Marília Oliveira Fonseca

    2013-02-01

    The present study aims to determine the antioxidant capacity of the ethanolic extracts of husk fiber of four coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) varieties (yellow dwarf, green dwarf, giant and hybrid) and to evaluate the electrochemical behavior of these extracts on a glassy carbon electrode and on a modified glassy carbon electrode. The highest values of total phenolic content were obtained for the hybrid (531 ± 24 mg GAE g(-1) dry extract) and yellow dwarf (501 ± 29 mg GAE g(-1) dry extract) varieties and the lowest was for the green dwarf variety with 58 ± 9 mg GAE g(-1) dry extract. The ability of the extracts to scavenge DPPH˙ radicals was in the order of giant > yellow dwarf > hybrid > green dwarf and the IC50 values varied from 8.6 to 55.9 μg mL(-1). All varieties showed reducing potential by the use of FRAP and CUPRAC methods, with the lowest performance obtained for the green dwarf variety. Additionally, through the use of mimetic biomembranes, ethanolic extracts of coconut husk were shown to protect lipids against oxidative damage independent of the variety. The main antioxidants identified in the extract of yellow dwarf variety by UPLC-MS were quercetin and catechin. Cyclic voltammetric studies of the ethanolic extracts on glassy carbon electrode confirmed the presence of easily oxidized compounds, and the high antioxidant capacity of the varieties. This capacity was expressed as mg quercetin equivalents g(-1) dry extract and ranged from 25.9 up to 53.5 mg QE g(-1). A poly-xanthurenic acid (poly-Xa)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) / glassy carbon modified electrode (poly-Xa/MWCNT/GCE) was used for this purpose. Our findings suggest that these extracts are potentially important antioxidant supplements for the everyday human diet, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, thereby aggregating value to the enormous amount of waste from the coconut industry, mostly used for burning purposes.

  19. Characterization of the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities from Cocos nucifera L. (Palmae).

    PubMed

    Rinaldi, Sebastian; Silva, Davi O; Bello, Fabiana; Alviano, Celuta S; Alviano, Daniela S; Matheus, Maria Eline; Fernandes, Patricia D

    2009-04-21

    Cocos nucifera cultivated in Brazil is known as "coco-da-Bahia" or "coqueiro-da-India". The tea from the husk fiber is widely used to several inflammatory disorders. Crude extract and fractions obtained from Cocos nucifera "common variety" were evaluated to test the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities. Crude extract (CE, 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg), fraction 1 (F1, molecular weight lesser than 1 kDa, 1, 10, and 50mg/kg), fraction 2 (F2, molecular weight higher than 1 kDa, 1, 10, and 50mg/kg), and the references drugs morphine (5mg/kg), acetilsalicilic acid (200mg/kg), prometazine (30 mg/kg), and metisergide (5mg/kg) were evaluated on models of analgesia and inflammation. CE, F1, and F2 significantly develop peripheral and central antinociceptive activity but with less effect on supra-spinal regions of the brain. Administration of the opioid antagonist, naloxone (5mg/kg) inhibited the antinociceptive effect indicating that Cocos nucifera crude extract and fractions may be acting in opioid receptors. CE and F1 also inhibited rat paw edema induced by histamine, and serotonin. results demonstrated that Cocos nucifera and its fractions have antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities which confirm the popular use of this plant in several inflammatory disorders.

  20. New species of Uvariopsis (Annonaceae) and Laccosperma (Arecaceae/Palmae) from Monts de Cristal, Gabon

    PubMed Central

    Couvreur, Thomas L.P.; Niangadouma, Raoul

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Monts de Cristal National Park in northwest Gabon is one of the most species rich places in Central Africa. Here, we describe two new species, one in Annonaceae and one in palms. Uvariopsis citrata Couvreur & Niangadouma, sp. nov. is unique in the genus by emitting a strong lemon scent from the crushed leaves and young branches. Laccosperma cristalensis Couvreur & Niangadouma, sp. nov. is a rattan that lacks acanthophylls on the cirrus and has few pinnae. Complete descriptions, photographic illustrations, ecological information and preliminary IUCN conservation status are provided. For both species a data deficient (DD) status is proposed. These new species underline once again that the Monts de Cristal National Park is yet incompletely known botanically. PMID:27698570

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: LMC star clusters catalog (Palma+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palma, T.; Gramajo, L. V.; Claria, J. J.; Lares, M.; Geisler, D.; Ahumada, A. V.

    2016-04-01

    We have compiled a catalogue including a total of 277 LMC SCs studied in the Washington system. All the photometric observations of these SCs were carried out at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO, Chile), using the Wahington C and T1 filters (Canterna 1976) and the Kron-Cousins R filter. (1 data file).

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: New Variables in 3 Galactic open clusters (Palma+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palma, T.; Minniti, D.; Dekany, I.; Claria, J. J.; Alonso-Garcia, J.; Gramajo, L. V.; Ramirez Alegria, S.; Bonatto, C.

    2016-11-01

    The observations were made as part of the VVV Survey. For each cluster field, we extracted and analyzed VVV data for objects that best matched the positions of previously reported variable stars (Zejda et al., 2012, Cat. J/A+A/548/A97), and also performed a blind variability search. (3 data files).

  3. Hooked for a Week on Two Yugoslav TV Channels: PALMA and RTS2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bogdanic, Aleksandar

    1996-01-01

    Investigates content composition, quality, and origin of two Yugoslav TV channels reflecting current media make-up in the region (remaining domination of state television and proliferation of commercial TV). Corroborates some assumed directions of new electronic media: focus on entertainment; lack of news and information programming; and high…

  4. The Road from LaPalma. Analysis of the Potential for a Negotiated Solution in El Salvador.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    the year before was faced with a string of highly publicized death squad killings as a response to just such an attempt.’ Conservative bussiness and...export, cotton (labor requirements of which were greatly reduced by technological advances), meant that a large and growing number of landless peasants...This congress reached consensus on a series of signifigant resolutions: the large and medium agri- bussiness farms were the root of social problems; it

  5. Atmosphere Extinction at the ORM on La Palma: A 20 yr Statistical Database Gathered at the Carlsberg Meridian Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    García-Gil, Alejandro; Muñoz-Tuñón, Casiana; Varela, Antonia M.

    2010-09-01

    The Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM), in the Canary Islands (Spain), was one of the candidates to host the future European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) and is the site of the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), the largest optical infrared facility to date. Sky transparency is a key parameter as it defines the quality of the photometry to be acquired in the astronomical observations. We present a study of the atmosphere extinction at the ORM, carried out after analysis of a database spanning more than 20 yr,1 to our knowledge, the longest and most complete and homogeneous in situ database available for any observatory. It is based on photometric measurements in the V band and r‧ band (transformed to the V-band extinction coefficient kV) using the Carlsberg Meridian Telescope (CMT). Clear seasonal variations that repeat yearly are observed. The median value of kV is 0.13 mag airmass-1 the mean value has a maximum in the summer months (June-September), corresponding to the season with maximum frequency of nights affected by dust or cirrus (˜29% in summer, but only ˜13% during the rest of the year). Two volcanic eruptions took place during the database baseline, which has enabled the study of the impact of volcanoes on the global atmosphere extinction. For the 5 yr of available information, we have estimated the average monthly weather downtime from the CMT data log, obtaining a result (20.7%) in reasonable agreement with earlier studies. The main conclusion of our study is that there is no significant evidence from the CMT data for any secular changes in kV over the 20 yr database baseline.

  6. Allozyme diversity in natural populations of Viola palmensis Webb & Berth. (Violaceae) from La Palma (Canary Islands): implications for conservation genetics.

    PubMed

    Batista, Francisco; Sosa, Pedro A

    2002-12-01

    Genetic diversity was measured by allozyme electrophoresis in eight natural populations of the threatened Canarian endemic Viola palmensis Webb & Berth. (Violaceae). Nineteen alleles corresponding to 11 gene loci were detected. High levels of genetic diversity were found, ranging from 36.3 to 45.4 % for the percentage of polymorphic loci (P), from 1.45 to 1.60 for the average number of alleles per locus (A) and from 0.128 to 0.200 for the expected heterozygosity (H(e)). Between 85.5 and 96.6 % of genetic variability was apportioned within populations. As a whole, populations were not at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, with a deficit of heterozygous individuals attributable to the existence of genetic structuring in the populations analysed. The levels of interpopulation genetic differentiation were low (mean F(ST) = 0.100), while genetic identity pair-wise comparisons were high (mean I = 0.973) suggesting considerable levels of gene flow among populations. No relationship was detected between genetic differentiation and geographical distances between populations. An outcrossing insect-mediated breeding system might contribute to pollen dispersion of this species. For conservation genetics we suggest in situ preservation areas are defined that are free of disturbance and that include populations with the highest genetic diversity. Copyright 2002 Annals of Botany Company

  7. Allozyme Diversity in Natural Populations of Viola palmensis Webb & Berth. (Violaceae) from La Palma (Canary Islands): Implications for Conservation Genetics

    PubMed Central

    BATISTA, FRANCISCO; SOSA, PEDRO A.

    2002-01-01

    Genetic diversity was measured by allozyme electrophoresis in eight natural populations of the threatened Canarian endemic Viola palmensis Webb & Berth. (Violaceae). Nineteen alleles corresponding to 11 gene loci were detected. High levels of genetic diversity were found, ranging from 36·3 to 45·4 % for the percentage of polymorphic loci (P), from 1·45 to 1·60 for the average number of alleles per locus (A) and from 0·128 to 0·200 for the expected heterozygosity (He). Between 85·5 and 96·6 % of genetic variability was apportioned within populations. As a whole, populations were not at Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, with a deficit of heterozygous individuals attributable to the existence of genetic structuring in the populations analysed. The levels of interpopulation genetic differentiation were low (mean FST = 0·100), while genetic identity pair‐wise comparisons were high (mean I = 0·973) suggesting considerable levels of gene flow among populations. No relationship was detected between genetic differentiation and geographical distances between populations. An outcrossing insect‐mediated breeding system might contribute to pollen dispersion of this species. For conservation genetics we suggest in situ preservation areas are defined that are free of disturbance and that include populations with the highest genetic diversity. PMID:12451028

  8. Phylogeography of the genus Podococcus (Palmae/Arecaceae) in Central African rain forests: Climate stability predicts unique genetic diversity.

    PubMed

    Faye, A; Deblauwe, V; Mariac, C; Richard, D; Sonké, B; Vigouroux, Y; Couvreur, T L P

    2016-12-01

    The tropical rain forests of Central Africa contain high levels of species diversity. Paleovegetation or biodiversity patterns suggested successive contraction/expansion phases on this rain forest cover during the last glacial maximum (LGM). Consequently, the hypothesis of the existence of refugia e.g. habitat stability that harbored populations during adverse climatic periods has been proposed. Understory species are tightly associated to forest cover and consequently are ideal markers of forest dynamics. Here, we used two central African rain forest understory species of the palm genus, Podococcus, to assess the role of past climate variation on their distribution and genetic diversity. Species distribution modeling in the present and at the LGM was used to estimate areas of climatic stability. Genetic diversity and phylogeography were estimated by sequencing near complete plastomes for over 120 individuals. Areas of climatic stability were mainly located in mountainous areas like the Monts de Cristal and Monts Doudou in Gabon, but also lowland coastal forests in southeast Cameroon and northeast Gabon. Genetic diversity analyses shows a clear North-South structure of genetic diversity within one species. This divide was estimated to have originated some 500,000years ago. We show that, in Central Africa, high and unique genetic diversity is strongly correlated with inferred areas of climatic stability since the LGM. Our results further highlight the importance of coastal lowland rain forests in Central Africa as harboring not only high species diversity but also important high levels of unique genetic diversity. In the context of strong human pressure on coastal land use and destruction, such unique diversity hotspots need to be considered in future conservation planning. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Gravity wave characteristics in the middle atmosphere during the CESAR campaign at Palma de Mallorca in 2011/2012: Impact of extratropical cyclones and cold fronts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kramer, R.; Wüst, S.; Schmidt, C.; Bittner, M.

    2015-06-01

    Based on a measuring campaign which was carried out at Mallorca (39.6°N, 2.7°E) as cooperation between Agència Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET) and Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, engl. 'German Aerospace Center' (DLR) in 2011/2012 (September-January), 143 radiosondes (day and night) providing vertical temperature and wind profiles were released. Additionally, nocturnal mesopause temperature measurements with a temporal resolution of about 1 min were conducted by the infrared (IR) - Ground-based Infrared P-branch Spectrometer (GRIPS) during the campaign period. Strongly enhanced gravity wave activity in the lower stratosphere is observed which can be attributed to a hurricane-like storm (so-called Medicane) and to passing by cold fronts. Statistical features of gravity wave parameters including energy densitiy and momentum fluxes are calculated. Gravity wave momentum fluxes turned out being up to five times larger during severe weather. Moreover, gravity wave horizontal propagation characteristics are derived applying hodograph and Stokes parameter analysis. Preferred directions are of southeast and northwest due to prevailing wind directions at Mallorca.

  10. 75 FR 15772 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-30

    ... Chilac, Puebla, Mexico; Calle Sagitario y Lactea No. 3085, Col. Las Palmas, entre Lactea y Av. La Paz..., Puebla, Mexico; Calle Sagitaro y Lactea No. 3085, Colonia Las Palmas, entre Lactea y Av. La Paz,...

  11. Asháninka Palm Management and Domestication in the Peruvian Amazon.

    PubMed

    Sosnowska, Joanna; Walanus, Adam; Balslev, Henrik

    Palms are a natural resource that has been abundantly used by Amerindians for centuries. Only a few palm domestications have been reported in the American tropics, where there is great diversity of the Arecaceae family. We report the results of a survey combining ethnobotanical and ecological methods to study the past and present management and distribution of palms by the Asháninka indigenous people from the Tambo river region in the Peruvian Amazon. Our objectives were to document palm-related traditional ecological knowledge, to examine correlation between palm abundance and Asháninka management practices and social exchange of palm resources, and to address the question of how the Asháninka have modified palm diversity and distribution in their territory. We found that most palm species have multiple uses; the most intensively managed were palms that provide thatch, notably Attalea phalerata, Oenocarpus mapora and Phytelephas macrocarpa. Of these, Attalea phalerata was the most commonly cultivated and was found only in cultivated stands. Our results have implications for understanding the domestication of Attalea weberbaueri, which is a landrace within the Attalea phalerata complex. A closer understanding of this process would require morphometric and genetic methods to compare wild and managed populations.

  12. Technology Requirements for Minefield Detection from Space

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-01

    toward Palma Soriano to establish the defense from Manzanillo to Holguin. Once the Cuban Government forces learn of the U.S. intervention, they begin...San Luis to Palma Soriano, Contramaestre, and then to Bayamo. The area from Guantanamo to Santiago de Cuba is primarily grasslands and forest with an...around St. Luis. In the region of Palma Soriano the land is primarily devoted to coffee plantations. From Contramaestre to Bayamo, the terrain is

  13. HEGRA Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The La Palma cosmic-ray observatory HEGRA (High-Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy) is an air shower experiment, located at the OBSERVATORIO DEL ROQUE DE LOS MUCHACHOS (2200 m above sea level, 28.75°N, 17.89°W) on the Canary island of La Palma, and is operated by institutes from Germany, Spain and Yerevan....

  14. Life history traits influence the strength of distance- and density-dependence at different life stages of two Amazonian palms.

    PubMed

    Choo, Juanita; Carasco, Cecilia; Alvarez-Loayza, Patricia; Simpson, Beryl B; Economo, Evan P

    2017-07-01

    Natural enemies are known to be important in regulating plant populations and contributing to species coexistence (Janzen-Connell effects). The strength of Janzen-Connell effects (both distance- and density-effects) varies across species, but the life history traits that may mediate such a variation are not well understood. This study examined Janzen-Connell effects across the life stages (seed through adult stages) of two sympatric palm species with distinct phenologies and shade tolerances, two traits that may mediate the strength and timing of Janzen-Connell effects. Populations of two common palm species, Attalea phalerata and Astrocaryum murumuru , were studied in Manu National Park, Peru. Seed predation experiments were conducted to assess Janzen-Connell effects at the seed stage. In the post-seed stages, spatial point pattern analyses of the distributions of individuals and biomass were used to infer the strength of distance- and density-effects. Seed predation was both negative distance- and density-dependent consistent with the Janzen-Connell effects. However, only seedling recruitment for asynchronously fruiting Attalea phalerata was depressed near adults while recruitment remained high for synchronously fruiting Astrocaryum murumuru , consistent with weak distance-effects. Negative density-effects were strong in the early stages for shade-intolerant Attalea phalerata but weak or absent in shade-tolerant Astrocaryum murumuru. Distance- and density-effects varied among the life stages of the two palm species in a manner that corresponded to their contrasting phenology and shade tolerance. Generalizing such connections across many species would provide a route to understanding how trait-mediated Janzen-Connell effects scale up to whole communities of species.

  15. VIP Visitors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mendez, J.

    2003-12-01

    Anatoly Karpov, world chess champion 1975-85 and 1993-99, visited the William Herschel Telescope in November 2002 accompanied by the presidents of the chess federations of La Palma and of the Canary Islands.

  16. Someone You Know Has MS: A Book for Families

    MedlinePlus

    ... Ba rba ra LaRoche, and Patr ici a Dick Illustr ations by: Cl aude Martinot Martha King ... Chuck, John, and Nancy Delgreco; Jennifer and John Dick; Judy and Pamela DiPalma; Mary Hooley; Nicole Klabunde; ...

  17. Classification of ASASSN-17em/AT2017cts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-04-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17em/AT2017cts (ATEL #10241), using the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  18. Classification of ASASSN-17dj (AT2017cav) with the Liverpool Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-03-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17dj/AT 2017cav (ATEL #10155) with the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  19. Spectroscopic classification of supernova candidates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodgkin, S. T.; Hall, A.; Fraser, M.; Campbell, H.; Wyrzykowski, L.; Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.; Pietro, N.

    2014-09-01

    We report the spectroscopic classification of four supernovae at the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope on La Palma, using the Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph and the R300V grating (3500-8000 Ang; ~6 Ang resolution).

  20. Classification of ASASSN-17em/AT2017cts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-04-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17em/AT2017cts (ATEL #10241), using the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  1. Classification of ASASSN-17dj (AT2017cav) with the Liverpool Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-03-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17dj/AT 2017cav (ATEL #10155) with the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  2. Sky Glow from Cities: The Army Illumination Model v2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    corresponding to one 10th magnitude star per square degree and will not be pursued further here). Benn and Ellison find that the sky brightness at La Palma ...not have electricity, liquid and pressurized lamps are 23 included. For these latter two, liquid Citronella, lamp oil , liquid paraffin and...Properties; AFGL-TR-79-0214; Air Force Geophysics Laboratory: Hanscom Air Force Base, MA, 1979. 19. Benn, C. R. and Ellison, S. L. La Palma Night-Sky

  3. Cascading effects of defaunation on the coexistence of two specialized insect seed predators.

    PubMed

    Peguero, Guille; Muller-Landau, Helene C; Jansen, Patrick A; Wright, S Joseph

    2017-01-01

    Identification of the mechanisms enabling stable coexistence of species with similar resource requirements is a central challenge in ecology. Such coexistence can be facilitated by species at higher trophic levels through complex multi-trophic interactions, a mechanism that could be compromised by ongoing defaunation. We investigated cascading effects of defaunation on Pachymerus cardo and Speciomerus giganteus, the specialized insect seed predators of the Neotropical palm Attalea butyracea, testing the hypothesis that vertebrate frugivores and granivores facilitate their coexistence. Laboratory experiments showed that the two seed parasitoid species differed strongly in their reproductive ecology. Pachymerus produced many small eggs that it deposited exclusively on the fruit exocarp (exterior). Speciomerus produced few large eggs that it deposited exclusively on the endocarp, which is normally exposed only after a vertebrate handles the fruit. When eggs of the two species were deposited on the same fruit, Pachymerus triumphed only when it had a long head start, and the loser always succumbed to intraguild predation. We collected field data on the fates of 6569 Attalea seeds across sites in central Panama with contrasting degrees of defaunation and wide variation in the abundance of vertebrate frugivores and granivores. Speciomerus dominated where vertebrate communities were intact, whereas Pachymerus dominated in defaunated sites. Variation in the relative abundance of Speciomerus across all 84 sampling sites was strongly positively related to the proportion of seeds attacked by rodents, an indicator of local vertebrate abundance.

  4. The Performance of a Depalma Roots-type Supercharger

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schey, Oscar W; Ellerbrock, Herman H , Jr

    1936-01-01

    The results of tests made to determine the performance of a DePalma-Roots supercharger are presented. The performance of the DePalma supercharger with atmospheric pressure at the discharge was compared with that of a hypothetical NACA Roots-type supercharger of the same displacement. The tests were conducted at speeds from 1,000 to 6,000 r.p.m. and at pressure differences from 0 to 15 inches of mercury. The variation in clearance between the impeller tips and the impeller housing was determined for the DePalma supercharger at a speed of 2,000 r.p.m. and for the NACA supercharger at speeds from 500 to 3,000 r.p.m. with the pressure differences for each supercharger varying form 0 to 15 inches of mercury. The results indicate that, if warping and growing of the metals of the case and impellers are neglected, the most uniform clearances can probably be maintained for all operating conditions when the case and impellers are constructed of metals that have the same coefficient of expansion. The results also show that the discharge and intake openings of this model of the DePalma supercharger are too small, which lowers the volumetric efficiency and impairs the performance at all speeds and pressure differences. At high pressure difference the volumetric efficiency of the DePalma supercharger is greater when the discharge pressure surpasses atmospheric pressure than when the discharge pressure is atmospheric.

  5. ASTRO 850: Teaching Teachers about Exoplanets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barringer, Daniel; Palma, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    The Earth and Space Science Partnership (ESSP) is a collaboration among Penn State scientists, science educators and seven school districts across Pennsylvania. Penn State also offers through its fully online World Campus the opportunity for In-Service science teachers to earn an M.Ed. degree in Earth Science, and we currently offer a required online astronomy course for that program. We have previously presented descriptions of how have incorporated research-based pedagogical practices into ESSP-sponsored workshops for in-service teachers (Palma et al. 2013), a pilot section of introductory astronomy for non-science majors (Palma et al. 2014), and into the design of an online elective course on exoplanets for the M.Ed. in Earth Science (Barringer and Palma, 2016). Here, we present the finished version of that exoplanet course, ASTRO 850. We gratefully acknowledge support from the NSF MSP program award DUE#0962792.

  6. Acquisition: it's all in how you look at it.

    PubMed

    Kirchheimer, B

    1999-11-01

    In the world of hospitals acquisitions, getting the hospital would seem to be the goal. But that's not always true. Sometimes an acquisition is just a means to another end. That has been the case with La Palma (Calif.) Intercommunity Hospital, near Los Angeles, which has had three owners in the past year and is in the midst of a deal to be sold to a fourth. Its current and previous owners acknowledge that ownership of La Palma was not the ultimate motive for any of the deals to date, and the hospital was quickly peddled after each sale. Officials from the company now trying to buy La Palma, however, say the hospital is worth having. Whether that is true seems to depend on who is doing the talking.

  7. Concentration of Naegleria fowleri in natural waters used for recreational purposes in Sonora, Mexico (November 2007-October 2008).

    PubMed

    Lares-Villa, Fernando; Hernández-Peña, Claudia

    2010-09-01

    A survey was designed to know the concentration of Naegleria fowleri in recreational areas in Hornos, Sonora, during a year. Samples were taken monthly at La Isleta and Las Palmas and the total amoeba counts were obtained by the most probable number method (MPN). The identification of N. fowleri was made by PCR. The maximum concentration of total thermophilic amoebae was 9175 MPN/L for La Isleta and 3477 MPN/L for Las Palmas. Thermophilic Naegleria were present mainly during summer and fall. October's concentrations were up to 201 MPN/L, at both places. The maximum concentrations of N. fowleri were 201 MPN/L and 18 MPN/L for La Isleta and Las Palmas respectively, and were isolated from August to October. The presence of N. fowleri in these particular natural bodies of water reinforces the need for adaptation of preventive measures to avoid cases of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis.

  8. Physical Chemistry of High Polymers - Surface Properties of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    91 H L FRISCH OAA2977-4-0213 UNCLASSIFIED ARO 15191.3-C N PROPERTIES OF INTERPENETRATING POLYMER NETWORKSL FINAL REPORT., S~ "/ " H. L.,FRISCII i / " 0...15 ITr L S T;SifiCd 9SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE(Whein Data Emosted) References 1. H. L. Frisch, J. Cifaratti, R. Palma , R. Schwartz, R...Frisch, Annual Reviews of Materials Science (in press). 11. H. Ghiradella, J. Cifaretti, R. Palma and H. L. Frisch, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 23, 1583

  9. The Sixth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    60201 USA OZIZFIR ERCURENT COLLEGE OF STATEN IS .AN 44 PAlI PLCE STATEN ISLAM), NT 10301 t3A PALMA MASSIMO 6 IMPERIAL COLLEGE LASER OPTICS, ILACIETT LON...SOTH STREET NORRISTOWN, WJ 07960 USA SAN A1GUEL A UNIV IS LAS IALEARS IPTO E FISICA PALMA MALLORCA 07071 SPAIN SANCHEZ-1ONDRA&N JAVIER...ALEKANIRIA, VA 2232 US" VHITTAIER ER ARI STEIENS INST OF TECH IPAMRIREI If PHYSICS HOOIEN, NJ 0703G USA WINFUL HERIERT NIVERSIT OF NICHIAN EEC DEPT AMl ARO

  10. Comparative analysis of the impact of geological activity on the structural design of telescope facilities in the Canary Islands, Hawaii and Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eff-Darwich, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; Rodriguez-Losada, J. A.; de La Nuez, J.; Hernández-Gutiérrez, L. E.; Romero-Ruiz, M. C.

    2010-09-01

    An analysis of the impact of seismic and volcanic activity has been carried out at selected astronomical sites, namely the observatories of El Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), Roque de los Muchachos (La Palma, Canary Islands), Mauna Kea (Hawaii) and Paranal (Chile), and the candidate site of Cerro Ventarrones (Chile). Hazard associated with volcanic activity is low or negligible at all sites, whereas seismic hazard is very high in Chile and Hawaii. The lowest geological hazard in both seismic and volcanic activity is found at Roque de los Muchachos observatory, on the island of La Palma.

  11. Atmospheric Aerosol Size Distributions and Optical Properties Found in the Marine Boundary Layer Over the Atlantic Ocean

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-30

    nephelometers. 60ON Glasgow ,Scotland 50ON -1 L40ON I.Charleston, S.C. __ 14 10 Las Palmas " 18 March 2623 Canary Is. 200. 12 80 0W 60OW 40OW 20OW 00...the ship moved upwind of Grand Canary, and just prior to arrival at Las Palmas , the distribution was similar to that shown by Curve 1. 3.5 Air...Chichon volcano in late March and early April 1982, and since our primary interest is in the tropospheric component of the optical thickness, it was

  12. Association of the "IUCN vulnerable" spiny rat Clyomys bishopi (Rodentia: Echimyidae) with palm trees and armadillo burrows in southeastern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Bueno, Adriana A; Lapenta, Marina J; Oliveira, Fátima; Motta-Junior, José C

    2004-12-01

    The globally vulnerable Clyomys bishopi, a semi-fossorial and colonial rodent, is apparently limited to cerrado (savannah-like vegetation) physiognomies in São Paulo State, Brazil. The aim of the study was to verify whether the presence of C. bishopi is associated to the occurrence of palm trees (Attalea gearensis, Syagrus loefgrenii) and armadillo burrows. Thirty six quadrats were placed in different physiognomies of cerrado vegetation at Itirapina Ecological Station, southeastern Brazil to survey the number of C. bishopi burrows of individuals of palm trees and burrows of armadillos. There was a strong dependence and association between the number of C. bishopi burrows and all measured variables (Contingency tables and Spearman rank correlations). It is suggested that this rodent can be found in great numbers where palm trees are abundant. The use of armadillo burrows possibly makes the movement of the rodents easier inside their own galleries.

  13. Predominance of Trypanosoma cruzi I among Panamanian sylvatic isolates.

    PubMed

    Samudio, Franklyn; Ortega-Barría, Eduardo; Saldaña, Azael; Calzada, Jose

    2007-02-01

    Trypanosoma cruzi is throughout Panama, which is in agreement with the widespread of the sylvatic vectors implicated in the transmission. Eco-epidemiological changes in some regions of the country have led to a successful dissemination of the palm-tree Attalea butyracea and a possible adaptation of the primary vector of Chagas' disease to human settlements. These facts might increase both vector-human contact and human infection with different potentials T. cruzi genotypes and make therefore necessary a study to disclose Panamanian T. cruzi make-up. In this study, 71 T. cruzi isolates from Rhodnius pallescens were analyzed using mini-exon gene and sequence-characterized amplified region markers. The analyzed strains were T. cruzi lineage I. This finding along with prior results indicates that T. cruzi I is the principal genotype circulating in both sylvatic and domestic/peridomestic cycles and consequently responsible for the disease in the country.

  14. Arborescent palm seed morphology and seedling distribution.

    PubMed

    Salm, Rodolfo

    2005-11-01

    This study examines how the seed morphology of two large arborescent palms, Attalea maripa (Aubl.) Mart. and Astrocaryum aculeatum G. Mey, may affect their seed shadow in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest. In addition to being smaller and produced in larger numbers than those of A. aculeatum, A. maripa seeds also presented a substantially lower amount of nutritional reserves available for the embryo. However, A. maripa seedlings were found in much higher numbers than those of A. aculeatum. The results suggest that, within the spatial scale considered, the seed rain of A. maripa is more restricted to the area surrounding around reproductive conspecifics than that of A. aculeatum. Furthermore, in comparison with those of A. aculeatum, the smaller seeds of A. maripa might be less attractive to scatterhoarding rodents (e.g. Dasyprocta aguti). The pattern observed emphasizes the importance of scatterhoarding rodents as dispersers of large-seeded plant species in Neotropical forests.

  15. Natural efficiency of parasitism by Billaea rhynchophorae (Blanchard) (Diptera: Tachinidae) for the control of Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

    PubMed

    Moura, José Inacio L; Toma, Ronaldo; Sgrillo, Ricardo B; Delabie, Jacques H C

    2006-01-01

    The occurrence of the tachinid parasitoid Billaea rhynchophorae (Blanchard) on larvae of the palm weevil Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) was evaluated in plantations of piassava palm (Attalea funifera Mart.) and African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacquin), in southeastern Bahia, Brazil. The monthly percentages of parasitism were evaluated during 13 months, from November 2000 to November 2001, based on the comparison between the number of parasitized and non-parasitized cocoons of R. palmarum. Mean parasitism was 40% and ranged from 50% in November 2000 to 18% in July 2001. While there is no method of mass reproduction of the parasitoid, a simple management practice is recommended, in order to preserve its beneficial effects in palm plantations.

  16. Negative density dependence of seed dispersal and seedling recruitment in a neotropical palm.

    PubMed

    Jansen, Patrick A; Visser, Marco D; Joseph Wright, S; Rutten, Gemma; Muller-Landau, Helene C

    2014-09-01

    Negative density dependence (NDD) of recruitment is pervasive in tropical tree species. We tested the hypotheses that seed dispersal is NDD, due to intraspecific competition for dispersers, and that this contributes to NDD of recruitment. We compared dispersal in the palm Attalea butyracea across a wide range of population density on Barro Colorado Island in Panama and assessed its consequences for seed distributions. We found that frugivore visitation, seed removal and dispersal distance all declined with population density of A. butyracea, demonstrating NDD of seed dispersal due to competition for dispersers. Furthermore, as population density increased, the distances of seeds from the nearest adult decreased, conspecific seed crowding increased and seedling recruitment success decreased, all patterns expected under poorer dispersal. Unexpectedly, however, our analyses showed that NDD of dispersal did not contribute substantially to these changes in the quality of the seed distribution; patterns with population density were dominated by effects due solely to increasing adult and seed density.

  17. Rhodnius barretti, a new species of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) from western Amazonia.

    PubMed

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Pavan, Márcio G; Jaramillo-O, Nicolás; Palomeque, Francisco S; Dale, Carolina; Chaverra, Duverney; Monteiro, Fernando A

    2013-01-01

    Rhodnius barretti, a new triatomine species, is described based on adult specimens collected in rainforest environments within the Napo ecoregion of western Amazonia (Colombia and Ecuador). R. barretti resembles Rhodnius robustus s.l., but mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences reveal that it is a strongly divergent member of the "robustus lineage", i.e., basal to the clade encompassing Rhodnius nasutus, Rhodnius neglectus, Rhodnius prolixus and five members of the R. robustus species complex. Morphometric analyses also reveal consistent divergence from R. robustus s.l., including head and, as previously shown, wing shape and the length ratios of some anatomical structures. R. barretti occurs, often at high densities, in Attalea butyracea and Oenocarpus bataua palms. It is strikingly aggressive and adults may invade houses flying from peridomestic palms. R. barretti must therefore be regarded as a potential Trypanosoma cruzi vector in the Napo ecoregion, where Chagas disease is endemic.

  18. [Investigation of vectors and reservoirs in an acute Chagas outbreak due to possible oral transmission in Aguachica, Cesar, Colombia].

    PubMed

    Soto, Hugo; Tibaduiza, Tania; Montilla, Marleny; Triana, Omar; Suárez, Diana Carolina; Torres Torres, Mariela; Arias, María Teresa; Lugo, Ligia

    2014-04-01

    Colombia recorded 11 cases of acute Chagas disease and 80 cases of oral contamination with Trypanosoma cruzi. The current study analyzes the entomological and parasitological characteristics of the outbreak in Aguachica, Cesar Department, in 2010. An interdisciplinary group of health professionals and regional university personnel conducted the laboratory tests in the patients and the investigation of the transmission focus. Eleven cases of acute Chagas diseases were detected in a single family in a dwelling with domiciliated triatomines and Rhodnius pallescens, Pantrongylus geniculatus, Eratyrus cuspidatus, and two Didelphis marsupialis opossums infected with T. cruzi in Attalea butyracea and Elaeis oleifera palm trees in the urban area of Aguachica. The study analyzes the role of R. pallescens and palm trees in the wild cycle of T. cruzi and in oral transmission of Chagas disease. Sporadic incursions by wild R. pallescens, P. geniculatus, and E. cuspidatus from the nearby palm trees into human dwellings may cause increasingly frequent outbreaks of oral Chagas disease.

  19. Rhodnius barretti, a new species of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) from western Amazonia

    PubMed Central

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Pavan, Márcio G; Jaramillo-O, Nicolás; Palomeque, Francisco S; Dale, Carolina; Chaverra, Duverney; Monteiro, Fernando A

    2013-01-01

    Rhodnius barretti , a new triatomine species, is described based on adult specimens collected in rainforest environments within the Napo ecoregion of western Amazonia (Colombia and Ecuador). R. barretti resembles Rhodnius robustus s.l. , but mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences reveal that it is a strongly divergent member of the “robustus lineage”, i.e., basal to the clade encompassing Rhodnius nasutus , Rhodnius neglectus , Rhodnius prolixus and five members of the R. robustus species complex. Morphometric analyses also reveal consistent divergence from R. robustus s.l. , including head and, as previously shown, wing shape and the length ratios of some anatomical structures. R. barretti occurs, often at high densities, in Attalea butyracea and Oenocarpus bataua palms. It is strikingly aggressive and adults may invade houses flying from peridomestic palms. R. barretti must therefore be regarded as a potential Trypanosoma cruzi vector in the Napo ecoregion, where Chagas disease is endemic. PMID:24473808

  20. Association of anthropogenic land use change and increased abundance of the Chagas disease vector Rhodnius pallescens in a rural landscape of Panama.

    PubMed

    Gottdenker, Nicole L; Calzada, José E; Saldaña, Azäel; Carroll, C Ronald

    2011-01-01

    Anthropogenic disturbance is associated with increased vector-borne infectious disease transmission in wildlife, domestic animals, and humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate how disturbance of a tropical forest landscape impacts abundance of the triatomine bug Rhodnius pallescens, a vector of Chagas disease, in the region of the Panama Canal in Panama. Rhodnius pallescens was collected (n = 1,186) from its primary habitat, the palm Attalea butyracea, in five habitat types reflecting a gradient of anthropogenic disturbance. There was a high proportion of palms infested with R. pallescens across all habitat types (range = 77.1-91.4%). Results show that disturbed habitats are associated with increased vector abundance compared with relatively undisturbed habitats. Bugs collected in disturbed sites, although in higher abundance, tended to be in poor body condition compared with bugs captured in protected forest sites. Abundance data suggests that forest remnants may be sources for R. pallescens populations within highly disturbed areas of the landscape.

  1. Topographic separation of two sympatric palms in the central Amazon - does dispersal play a role?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomes de Freitas, Cintia; Capellotto Costa, Flávia Regina; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Balslev, Henrik

    2012-02-01

    Despite broadly overlapping geographic distributions in the central Amazon basin, two congeneric palm species (Attalea attaleoides and Attalea microcarpa) have topographically separated distributions on a local scale in Reserva Ducke near Manaus. Our aim here was to determine if this local scale separation can be linked to (1) seedling stage specialization to different habitat conditions of the two species, and/or (2) environmentally-controlled seed dispersal. We assessed the role of these potential drivers by mapping the local distribution of the two species over a 25-km2 grid and testing for correlation to seed removal and seed germination patterns using seed sowing experiments. 360 seeds of each species were sown in 30 uniformly distributed plots (12 seeds of each species in each plot), and seed removal and germination were subsequently monitored. Adult populations of the two species showed opposite distribution patterns linked to topography. However, there was little evidence for specialization to different habitat conditions at the seedling stage: after 11 months, 26.1% of seeds of A. microcarpa had germinated along the entire topographic gradient, albeit with a tendency toward higher germination in more inclined areas. For A. attaleoides, only 2.2% seeds had germinated, and again along the entire topographic gradient. In contrast, there was evidence for environmentally-controlled seed dispersal: for both species, seed removal was higher in flat areas. Presence of adults did not affect germination or seed removal. Our results suggest that topographically differentiated distributions of A. attaleoides and A. microcarpa may be reinforced by steep slope avoidance by their seed dispersers. A direct environmental control mechanism remains to be identified to explain the consistent topographic associations, but our results show that this mechanism does not work at the seed germination stage.

  2. First-Order Hyperbolic System Method for Time-Dependent Advection-Diffusion Problems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    first-order hyperbolic system REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) ARO 8. PERFORMING...Comput. Fluid Dyn., 27, 2013. 16. G. Rossiello, P. De Palma , G. Pascazio, and M. Napolitano. Third-order- accurate fluctuation-splitting schemes for

  3. Army Aviation in Operation Just Cause

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-15

    and La Palma . The operations would also counter suspected drug cartels in the area. Operations were hampered by the lack of maps, since much of this...compon1ents du to corrosion. Most Army Aviation units aro not knowledgeable of proper corrosion control procedures and techniques. We need additional

  4. Date palm production and pest management challenges

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Abstract: Date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, is a monocotyledonous species belong- ing to the palm family (Arecaceae or Palmae) which is perennial and dioecious and cultivated mostly in the arid regions of the world. Date palm is important to the agrarian economy of several countries, with the ability ...

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 72 faint CV candidates in CRTS (Breedt+, 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breedt, E.; Gansicke, B. T.; Drake, A. J.; Rodriguez-Gil, P.; Parsons, S. G.; Marsh, T. R.; Szkody, P.; Schreiber, M. R.; Djorgovski, S. G.

    2016-04-01

    We obtained identification spectra of a total of 72 faint CV candidates identified by the CRTS, using the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC; La Palma, Spain) and the Gemini telescopes (North: Mauna Kea, Hawaii and South: Cerro Pachon, Chile). The observations were carried out in service mode during 2010, 2011 and 2013. (5 data files).

  6. Potential science for the OASIS integral field spectrograph with laser guide star adaptive optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morris, Simon L.; Gerssen, Joris; Swinbank, Mark; Wilman, Richard

    2006-01-01

    I review the science case for the Laser Guide Star system being built for the William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. When used in combination with the NAOMI Adaptive Optics system and the OASIS visible-wavelength Integral Field Spectrograph, I demonstrate that there are substantial, exciting areas of astrophysical research in which the WHT can contribute.

  7. Function of Brg1 Chromatin Remodeling Factor in Sonic Hedgehog-Dependent Medulloblastoma Initiation and Maintenance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    control in which oil was injected. In contrast, no such changes were found in Brg +/+ tumor transplantation (Figure 3A). The genotyping of these tumors...Hui, Dev. Cell. 15, 801 (2008). 4. M. Fuccillo, A. L. Joyner, G. Fishell, Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 7, 772 (2006). 5. A. Altaba, V. Palma , N

  8. Time for a New Cuba Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-11

    government took over leadership of the island. The newly elected leader of Cuba, Estrada Palma , was forced by the United States Congress to rule under...providing oil on preferential terms, and it currently supplies about 100,000 barrels per day of petroleum products. Cuba has been paying for the oil

  9. 77 FR 15795 - Notice of Availability of a Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Gasco Energy Inc. Uinta...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-16

    ... Federal oil and gas leases. The Final EIS analysis allows the BLM to choose a course of action that.... would develop their existing oil and gas leases by drilling 1,491 wells from the same number of well... Vernal BLM Web site, and Utah BLM's Environmental Notification Bulletin Board. Juan Palma, State...

  10. Ubiquitous Knowledge and Experiences to Foster EFL Learning Affordances

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Sánchez, Soraya; Luján-García, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the implementation of experiential learning affordances to improve skills in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in higher education. The administration of an online anonymous survey to 100 students of different undergraduate degrees presents current learning reflections from EFL students at the Universidad de Las Palmas de…

  11. A Methodology for Assessing the Military Benefits of Science and Technology Investments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Kaplan of Harvard Business School, who published a series of articles and eventually a book on the subject in the 1990’s. “ Balanced Scorecard ” uses a...30 Balanced Scorecard ...the Office of the DASA(R&T), as well as four other PPM tools—PALMA (Portfolio AnaLysis MAchine), Balanced Scorecard , Equity, and Expert Choice—were

  12. Ubiquitous Knowledge and Experiences to Foster EFL Learning Affordances

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Sánchez, Soraya; Luján-García, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the implementation of experiential learning affordances to improve skills in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in higher education. The administration of an online anonymous survey to 100 students of different undergraduate degrees presents current learning reflections from EFL students at the Universidad de Las Palmas de…

  13. Out of the Classroom--Into the Field. Profiles of Promise 32.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawke, Sharryl

    A junior high school geography class in La Palma, California, offers extensive field trip experiences to teach students methods of historical-geographical research. Resulting from a course that develops research methods in social studies, a club was formed that provides overnight excursions in various field activities. The club is open to 9th and…

  14. Carlsberg Meridian Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    A 7 in (17.8 cm) diameter refractor, formerly known as the Carlsberg Automatic Meridian Circle. It is part of the OBSERVATORIO DEL ROQUE DE LOS MUCHACHOS on La Palma and is dedicated to carrying out high-precision optical astrometry....

  15. The HEGRA project for UHE gamma ray astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allkofer, O. C.; Badran, H.; Behrmann, T.; Börger, G.; Bruhn, M.; Fernandez, P.; Gaube, H.-J.; Klingberg, T.; Kühn, M.; Probst, M.; Samorski, M.; Stamm, W.

    1990-03-01

    An air shower array named HEGRA has been built up at the Canarian Island La Palma. The array, consisting of 37 scintillation detectors at its first stage, is in operation since July 1988. Until the end of May 1989, 10 million events have been recorded. An extension of the installation is in progress under the HEGRA Collaboration.

  16. A new species of Spiroberotha Adams 1989 (Neuroptera: Berothidae) and the first record of the genus in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Machado, Renato Jose Pires; Krolow, Tiago Kütter

    2016-03-20

    The genus Spiroberotha Adams, 1989 is classified in Berothidae (Neuroptera) with two described species: S. fernandezi Adams, 1989 from Venezuela and S. sanctarosae Adams, 1989 from Colombia, Costa Rica and Venezuela. Here we describe a new species, S. tocantinensis n. sp., from Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil. This is the first record of the genus in Brazil, extending its geographical distribution.

  17. 78 FR 75332 - Foreign-Trade Zone 61-San Juan, Puerto Rico Application for Subzone, Parapiezas Corporation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 61--San Juan, Puerto Rico Application for Subzone, Parapiezas Corporation Amendment of Application The Puerto Rico Trade & Export Company, grantee of FTZ 61, has amended... Street, Intersection PR-22 Bo. Palmas, in Cata o, Puerto Rico. The subzone location initially proposed is...

  18. Core Directions in Human Resource Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "Examination of Critical Issues for Development and Implementation of Online Instruction" (Scott D. Johnson, Nilda Palma-Rivas, Chanidprapa Suriya, Steve Downey), reports on a descriptive and exploratory study that examined several critical issues affecting the development of online…

  19. Summary Report of Finding of the Decision Science Working Group (DSWG)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    FOR THE DIRECTOR: /s/ JAMES W. CUSACK Chief, Information Systems Division Information Directorate REPORT...DePalma, Edward L., Civ, AFRL/IFSF Dussault, Jerry L., Civ, AFRL/IFSE Farrell, Robert J. Jr, Civ, AFRL/IFSA Gameros, Timothy A. Capt, AFRL/HECA

  20. English in Class and on the Go: Multimodal U-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García-Sánchez, Soraya

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to analyse different ubiquitous learning (u-Learning) platforms used when learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) as part of the Modern Languages Degree at the Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC). The combination of face-to-face lessons with multimedia content and digital mediated learning allows today's native…

  1. Object Tracking Through Adaptive Correlation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-17

    mtring. "-I %f -v 1". sluc~an); streat(bin..sl. string); strcpy~ bizn ..tl. *vtbresb -1 /’cup/trac/tespi.viff ) strcat(bia..tl. ý-o /tup/rac/bin..4and..ti...Developmental Planning until entering the Air Force Institute of Technology in May 1991. Permanent address: 5141 La Luna Drive La Palma, California

  2. New insights on the occurrence of peperites and sedimentary deposits within the silicic volcanic sequences of the Paraná Magmatic Province, Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luchetti, A. C. F.; Nardy, A. J. R.; Machado, F. B.; Madeira, J. E. O.; Arnosio, J. M.

    2014-03-01

    The PMP (Paraná Magmatic Province) is characterized by lava flows of the Early Cretaceous Serra Geral Formation which covers about 75% of the Paraná Basin (southern and southeastern Brazil), composed of a thick (up to 1600 m) volcanic sequence formed by a succession of petrographically and geochemically distinct units of basic and silicic composition. The whole package must have been emplaced during approximately 3 million years of nearly uninterrupted activity. A few aeolian sandstone layers, indicating arid environmental conditions (the Botucatu Formation), are interlayered in the lower basalts. Above the basalts, the Palmas and Chapecó Members are composed of silicic volcanic rocks (quartz latites, dacites, rhyodacites and rhyolites) and basalts. This paper presents new evidence of sedimentation episodes separating silicic volcanic events, expressed by the occurrence of sedimentary deposits. Interaction between the volcanic bodies and the coeval unconsolidated sediments formed peperites. The sediments were observed between basaltic lava flows and silicic rocks or interlayered in the Palmas-type rocks, between the Chapecó-type rocks and overlying basaltic flows, between silicic bodies of the Palmas and Chapecó types, and interlayered within Palmas-type units. The observed structures indicate that the sediments were still wet and unconsolidated, or weakly consolidated, at the time of volcanism, which, coupled with the sediment features, reflect environmental conditions that are different from those characterizing the Botucatu arid conditions.

  3. New insights on the occurrence of peperites and sedimentary deposits within the silicic volcanic sequences of the Paraná Magmatic Province, Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luchetti, A. C. F.; Nardy, A. J. R.; Machado, F. B.; Madeira, J.; Arnosio, J. M.

    2013-12-01

    In the Paraná Basin (southern and southeastern Brazil), the stratigraphy of the Paraná Magmatic Province (PMP) is composed of a thick (up to 1600 m) volcanic sequence formed by a succession of petrographically and geochemically distinct units of basic and acidic composition. The whole package may have been emplaced in approximately 3 million yr of almost uninterrupted activity. A few aeolian sandstone layers, indicating arid environmental conditions (Botucatu Formation), are interlayered in the lower basalts. Above the basalts, the Palmas and Chapecó Members of the Early Cretaceous Serra Geral Formation, are composed of silicic volcanic rocks (trachydacites, dacites, rhyolites, and rhyodacites) and basalts. This paper presents new evidence of episodes of sedimentation separating silicic volcanic events, expressed by occurrences of sedimentary deposits. Interaction between the volcanic bodies and the coeval unconsolidated sediments formed peperites. The sediments were observed between basaltic lava flows and silicic rocks or interlayered in the Palmas type rocks, between Chapecó type rocks and underlying basaltic flows, between silicic bodies of Palmas and Chapecó types, and interlayered with Palmas type units. The observed structures indicate that the sediments were still wet and unconsolidated, or weakly consolidated, at the time of volcanism, which coupled with the sediment features reflect environmental conditions that are different from those characterizing the Botucatu arid conditions.

  4. Tsunamis: Monitoring, Detection, and Early Warning Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    College London, U.K., geological evidence suggests that during a future eruption, Cumbre Vieja Volcano on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands...that a volcano in the eastern Atlantic could collapse.36 World Weather Watch. NOAA and other international weather agencies issue warnings of

  5. Abu Sayyaf

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    industry has been afflicted by natural disasters such as volcano eruptions as well as higher fuel costs making travel more expensive. In spite of these...terrorism as depicted in previously described attacks on the M/V Doulos, the Dos Palmas resort, and the Super ferry 14. 67 Once predominantly land

  6. Methyl-Deficient Diets and Risks of Breast Cancer Among African-American Women: A Case-Control Study by Methylation Status of the ER Gene

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-10-01

    quinidine on nifedipine binding to human cytochrome P450 3A4. Biochem Pharmacol 1997;53:455-460. 24. Sutton D, Butler AM, Nadin L, Murray M. Role of...Hypertension 1998;31:1088-1096. 40. Castaneda-Hernandez G, Hoyo-Vadillo C, Palma-Aguirre JA, Flores-Murrieta FJ. Pharmacokinetics of oral nifedipine in

  7. X-ray and Optical follow-up of the mid-2014 Outburst of Aql X-1 at peak and at low activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gandhi, Poshak; Dhillon, Vik S.; Tomsick, John A.; Butterley, Tim; Littlefair, Stuart M.; Wilson, Richard W.; Kennea, Jamie A.

    2014-09-01

    Following reports of optical and X-ray brightening of the soft X-ray transient Aql X-1 (ATel #6280, #6286), we obtained monitoring observations of the source with the Swift X-ray mission, and with the 0.5 m Durham/Sheffield robotic optical telescope located on La Palma.

  8. Virtual Classroom for Business Planning Formulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osorio, J.; Rubio-Royo, E.; Ocon, A.

    One of the most promising possibilities of the World Wide Web resides in its potential to support distance education. In 1996, the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria developed the "INNOVA Project" in order to promote Web-based training and learning. As a result, the Virtual Classroom Interface (IVA) was created. Several software…

  9. New ultracool subdwarfs identified in large-scale surveys using Virtual Observatory tools (Corrigendum). I. UKIDSS LAS DR5 vs. SDSS DR7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lodieu, N.; Espinoza Contreras, M.; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.; Solano, E.; Aberasturi, M.; Martín, E. L.

    2017-01-01

    Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme ID 084.C-0928A.Based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  10. Crepuscular and Nocturnal Illumination and Its Effects on Color Perception by the Nocturnal Hawkmoth Deilephila elpenor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    William Herschel Telescope (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain; 28°36N 17°45W, elevation 2400·m) (Benn and Ellison, 1998; Massey and Foltz, 2000). Star and...1995). The measurement of transmission, absorption, emission, and reflection. In Handbook of Optics II (ed. M. Bass, E. W. Van Strylan, D. R. Williams

  11. Spectral classification of the recurrent nova M31N 1990-10a during its 2016 eruption with WHT/ACAM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ederoclite, A.; Henze, M.; Aguado, D.; Allende, C.; Williams, S.; Darnley, M. J.; Sala, G.; Shafter, A. W.; Hornoch, K.

    2016-07-01

    An optical spectrum of the fast recurrent nova candidate M31N 1990-10a (see ATels #9276,#9280) was obtained on 2016-07-30.11 UT with the ACAM instrument on the 4m William Herschel Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (located in La Palma, Spain).

  12. A new click beetle genus from the Chilean Central Andes: Bohartina (Coleoptera, Elateridae, Elaterinae)

    PubMed Central

    Arias, Elizabeth T.

    2006-01-01

    Bohartina Arias, a new genus of Elateridae from forests in the Andean Cordillera of Central Chile, is here described and illustrated with 2 species: B. vilchesensis sp. nov. and B. palmae sp. nov. The genus Bohartina belongs to the subfamily Elaterinae and to the tribe Agriotini. PMID:19537982

  13. A General Approach to Nonrigid Registration: Decoupled Optimization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-25

    Juan Ruiz-Alzola Dep. Señales y Comunicaciones . Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, SPAIN Dep. Teorı́a de la Señal,Universidad de... Visualization in Biomedical Computing, 1994, vol. 2359, pp. 191–204. [13] W. Wells et al., “Multimodal volume registration by max- imization of mutual

  14. [Venezuelan equine encephalitis. Determination of antibodies in the human population of Municipio Mirand, Estado Zulia, Venezuela].

    PubMed

    Ryder, S; Núñez-Camargo, J; Rangel, P; Añez, F

    1993-01-01

    With the purpose of determining antibodies prevalence against Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus in the population of Puertos de Altagracia and Sabaneta de Palmas of Miranda county, Zulia State, Venezuela, 199 subjects were studied: 57 from Puertos de Altagracia and 142 from Sabaneta de Palmas. They were classified in older (42.78%) and younger (57.2%) than 15 years. The blood specimens were processed for Hemagglutination Inhibition Test using EEV antigen Goajira strain at pH 6.5. We found that all 57 specimens from Puertos de Altagracia were negative, whereas of 142 specimens from Sabaneta de Palmas 17 were positive (11.97%). Of these, one was from a subject less than 15 years-old (5.85%) and 16 from individuals more than 15 years-old (94.15%). Positive titers were higher than 1:160 in 80% of cases. Being Sabaneta de Palmas one of the most affected areas in the 1962 epidemic in the Miranda county and keeping the affected ones high positivity with elevated titers, we conclude that this population could represent an enzootic zone similar to Paez county where a similar situation, of high positivity and elevated titers, many years after the last epidemic occurred in that area, has been described.

  15. First report of 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' on tomato in El Salvador

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    In April of 2012, tomato plants grown near the town of Yuroconte in the municipality of La Palma in El Salvador, were observed with symptoms resembling those of “Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” (Lso) infection. Disease incidence in several fields in the area ranged from 40 to 60%. Heavy infes...

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Cool stars in galactic clusters (Buzzoni+, 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buzzoni, A.; Patelli, L.; Bellazzini, M.; Pecci, F. F.; Oliva, E.

    2012-01-01

    Spectroscopic observations of our stellar sample have been collected during several runs between 2003 June and October at the 3.5-m Telecopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) of the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, at La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). (9 data files).

  17. Learning Indicators of a Foreign Language in Spanish Public University. Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cáceres-Lorenzo, M-Teresa; Salas-Pascual, Marcos; Afonzo-de-Tovar, Isabel-Cristina; Vera-Cazorla, M-Jesús; Santana-Alvarado, Yaiza; Santana-Quintana, Cristina

    2017-01-01

    This article investigates 292 postgraduate students of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain), through a Likert-scale questionnaire. This inquiry was about private, educational actions and learning valuation of a foreign language and its relation with the learning of one or several foreign languages. The analysis of…

  18. Classification of ASASSN-17dt/AT2017cig

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-03-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17dt/AT2017cig (ATEL #10199, the object is also known as ATLAS17cwo), using the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  19. Core Directions in Human Resource Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    The first of the four papers in this symposium, "Examination of Critical Issues for Development and Implementation of Online Instruction" (Scott D. Johnson, Nilda Palma-Rivas, Chanidprapa Suriya, Steve Downey), reports on a descriptive and exploratory study that examined several critical issues affecting the development of online…

  20. Role of U(VI) Adsorption in U(VI) Reduction by Geobacter Species.

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    2009-03-09

    Previous work had suggested that Acholeplasma palmae has a higher capacity for uranium sorption than other bacteria studied. Sorption studies were performed with cells in suspension in various solutions containing uranium and results were used to generate uranium-biosorption isotherms.

  1. Italian-American Traditions: Family and Community. An Exhibition in the Museum of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balch Inst., Philadelphia, PA.

    Italian-Americans such as industrialist Lee Iacocca, architect Robert Venturi, film-maker Brian De Palma, and writer Gay Talese have contributed to the emergence of ethnic groups as a major force in the cultural and business life of the United States. What is not widely appreciated, however, is the cultural, religious, craft, and family base which…

  2. Discovery of a Probable Nova in M33

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornoch, K.; Vaduvescu, O.; Tudor, V.

    2014-08-01

    We report the discovery of a probable nova in M33 on co-added 960-s narrow-band H-alpha and 480-s R-band CCD images taken with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma under ~1.1" seeing on 2014 July 29.206 and 29.222 UT, respectively.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Probing the Local Bubble with DIBs. III. (Farhang+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farhang, A.; Khosroshahi, H. G.; Javadi, A.; van Loon, J. Th.

    2015-03-01

    All of the observations have been obtained with the Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph (IDS) at the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope at the Roque de Los Muchachos in La Palma; with spectra in the 5750-6040Å region at spectral resolutions of R~2000 (or a velocity resolution of Δv=150km/s). (1 data file).

  4. Discovery of a Probable Nova in M81 and Photometry of Three M81 Novae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornoch, K.; Errmann, R.; Carlisle, Ch.; Vaduvescu, O.

    2015-02-01

    We report the discovery of a probable nova in M81 on a co-added 1600-s narrow-band H-alpha CCD image taken with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma under ~1.6" seeing on 2015 Jan.

  5. Characterising atmospheric optical turbulence using stereo-SCIDAR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osborn, James; Butterley, Tim; Föhring, Dora; Wilson, Richard

    2015-04-01

    Stereo-SCIDAR (SCIntillation Detection and Ranging) is a development to the well known SCIDAR method for characterisation of the Earth's atmospheric optical turbulence. Here we present some interesting capabilities, comparisons and results from a recent campaign on the 2.5 m Isaac Newton Telescope on La Palma.

  6. KIC 10526294: a slowly rotating B star with rotationally split, quasi-equally spaced gravity modes (Corrigendum)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pápics, P. I.; Moravveji, E.; Aerts, C.; Tkachenko, A.; Triana, S. A.; Bloemen, S.; Southworth, J.

    2014-10-01

    Based on observations made with the William Herschel Telescope operated by the Isaac Newton Group on the island of La Palma at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  7. Discovery of a Probable Nova in M81

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornoch, K.; Vaduvescu, O.; Mocnik, T.

    2014-09-01

    We report the discovery of a probable nova in M81 on a co-added 1440-s narrow-band H-alpha CCD image taken with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma under ~2.2" seeing on 2014 Sep.

  8. Follow-up photometry of iPTF16geu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, C.-H.

    2016-10-01

    We report follow-up photometry of the strongly lensed SNIa iPTF16geu (ATel #9603, #9626). We observed iPTF16geu on 2016/10/17 with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma, under ~0.9" seeing condition.

  9. Discovery of an Apparent Nova in M81

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornoch, K.; Alfaro, M. Diaz; Ordonez-Etxeberria, I.; Vaduvescu, O.

    2015-01-01

    We report the discovery of an apparent nova in M81 on a co-added 1600-s narrow-band H-alpha CCD image taken with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma under ~2.4" seeing on 2015 Jan. 15.126 UT.

  10. Development of a web-based support system for both homogeneous and heterogeneous air quality control networks: process and product.

    PubMed

    Andrade, J; Ares, J; García, R; Presa, J; Rodríguez, S; Piñeiro-Iglesias, M; López-Mahía, P; Muniategui, S; Prada, D

    2007-10-01

    The Environmental Laboratories Automation Software System or PALMA (Spanish abbreviation) was developed by a multidisciplinary team in order to support the main tasks of heterogeneous air quality control networks. The software process for PALMA development, which can be perfectly applied to similar multidisciplinary projects, was (a) well-defined, (b) arranged between environmental technicians and informatics, (c) based on quality guides, and (d) clearly user-centred. Moreover, it introduces some interesting advantages with regard to the classical step-by-step approaches. PALMA is a web-based system that allows 'off-line' and automated telematic data acquisition from distributed inmission stations belonging not only to homogeneous but also to heterogeneous air quality control networks. It provides graphic and tabular representations for a comprehensive and centralised analysis of acquired data, and considers the daily work that is associated with such networks: validation of the acquired data, alerts with regard to (periodical) tasks (e.g., analysers verification), downloading of files with environmental information (e.g., dust forecasts), etc. The implantation of PALMA has provided qualitative and quantitative improvements in the work performed by the people in charge of the considered control network.

  11. Optical flare observed in the flaring gamma-ray blazar S5 1044+71

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pursimo, Tapio; Blay, Pere; Telting, John; Ojha, Roopesh

    2017-01-01

    We report optical photometry of the blazar S5 1044+71, obtained with the 2.56m Nordic Optical Telescope in La Palma, to look for any enhanced optical activity associated with a recent flare in the daily averaged gamma-ray flux (ATel#9928).

  12. Exemplary Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Social Studies Journal, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Describes the social studies program at Walker Junior High School (La Palma, CA). Uses student research and role playing to make areas of history, geography, and government more meaningful. Includes colonial period, slavery, medieval life, and city government. Suggests themes, methods, and telecommunication and computer use. Reports that the…

  13. Italian-American Traditions: Family and Community. An Exhibition in the Museum of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balch Inst., Philadelphia, PA.

    Italian-Americans such as industrialist Lee Iacocca, architect Robert Venturi, film-maker Brian De Palma, and writer Gay Talese have contributed to the emergence of ethnic groups as a major force in the cultural and business life of the United States. What is not widely appreciated, however, is the cultural, religious, craft, and family base which…

  14. GTC and Swift observations of SN 2017dcc: Revised redshift & X-ray upper limit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kann, D. A.; Izzo, L.; Cano, Z.; Postigo, A. de Ugarte; Thoene, C. C.; Schulze, S.

    2017-04-01

    We obtained observations of the broad-lined type Ic SN 2017dcc (Guiterrez et al., ATel #10313) with the 10.4m GTC on La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain, as well as with XRT and UVOT on the Swift space telescope.

  15. Medium Resolution Spectroscopy of Boyajian's Star (KIC 8462852)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steele, I. A.; Lamb, G. P.; Copperwheat, C. M.; Jermak, H. E.

    2017-05-01

    ATel #10405 reports that a several percent dip in the brightness of KIC 8462852 is underway. We report medium resolution spectroscopy (R=2500) taken with the FRODOSpec fibre fed integral field spectrograph of the 2.0 meter Liverpool Telescope, La Palma obtained on 20th May 2017 starting at 01:20UT.

  16. Classification of ASASSN-17dt/AT2017cig

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bersier, David

    2017-03-01

    We obtained a spectrum of the candidate supernova ASASSN-17dt/AT2017cig (ATEL #10199, the object is also known as ATLAS17cwo), using the SPRAT spectrograph mounted on the robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory (La Palma).

  17. MAXI J1807+132: GTC spectroscopy reveals a LMXB-like optical spectrum.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munoz-Darias, T.; Jimenez-Ibarra, F.; Mata Sanchez, D.; Armas Padilla, M.; Casares, J.; Charles, P. A.

    2017-03-01

    Following the recent detection of the new X-ray transient MAXI J1807+132 and its optical counterpart (ATEL #10208, #10215, #10216, #10217) we performed spectroscopic observations with the OSIRIS spectrograph attached to the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) 10.4m telescope located in La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Cl0939+4713 Hα z~0.4 star-forming galaxies (Sobral+ 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobral, D.; Stroe, A.; Koyama, Y.; Darvish, B.; Calhau, J.; Afonso, A.; Kodama, T.; Nakata, F.

    2017-06-01

    We followed up 214 candidate Hα line emitters from Koyama et al. (2011ApJ...734...66K) using AF2 on the WHT in La Palma (program ID: W14BN020) on the second half of four nights during 2015 January 22-25. (1 data file).

  19. A Tool for the Administration and Management of University Profile Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulchand, Jacques; Rodriguez, Jorge; Chattah, Ana C.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a management tool that helps to achieve the objectives of the plan for info-tech systems and communications of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria for the 2003-2006 period. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology used in this case is nothing if not practical. The chosen tool involved…

  20. Texts Adopted at Meetings of the European Ministers Responsible for Sport. 1975-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France).

    This monograph presents resolutions passed by conferences of European ministers responsible for sport in five meetings from 1975 to 1986. The meetings were held in Brussels, London, Palma de Majorca, Malta, and Dublin. Reported also are declarations, press communiques, and resolutions issued by informal working parties and informal meetings of…

  1. Direct vs. Indirect Attitude Measurement and the Planning of Catalan in Mallorca.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieras-Guasp, Felipe

    2002-01-01

    Discusses language planning on the Spanish Balearic isle of Mallorca where Catalan is also a native language, focusing on the sociolinguistic situation in the capital city of Palma. Explores differences between answers to questionnaires and responses to a matched guise experiment. (Author/VWL)

  2. Whose Development? Salvaging the Concept of Development within a Sociocultural Approach to Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matusov, Eugene; DePalma, Renee; Drye, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    The concept of development is currently under revision in education and psychology. In this essay, Eugene Matusov, Renee DePalma, and Stephanie Drye examine a traditional notion of development and provide an alternative sociocultural view. As educators working within a sociocultural approach to learning, development, and education, the authors see…

  3. Earth Observations taken by the Expedition 17 Crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2008-05-13

    ISS017-E-006820 (13 May 2008) --- Isla de la Palma in the Canary Islands is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 17 crewmember on the International Space Station. The Canary Islands, a group of volcanic islands, lie just off the west coast of Morocco in the Atlantic Ocean; at the northwest end of the chain of islands is Isla de la Palma. According to scientists, the island started forming as a submarine volcano approximately 3-4 million years ago. Subaerial (above the water surface) volcanic activity and island formation began around 2 million years ago. Most geologists believe the Canary Islands formed over the remnants of an old "hotspot" in the mantle, or mantle plume. The residual hotspot melting produced the magma that resulted in the Canary Island volcanoes. While there is little evidence to support the current existence of a mantle plume, volcanic activity is still taking place -- the most recent lava flows on Isla de Palma were erupted in 1971. In addition to volcanic hazards, the Canary Islands are also subject to occasional dust storms originating in the Sahara Desert. This view highlights volcanic landforms on the southern portion of Isla de Palma. The elongated, 1949-meter high Cumbre Vieja volcanic center is characterized by numerous cinder cones, craters, and gray lava flows that punctuate the green vegetated hillslopes. To the north, the cities of El Paso and Los Llanos de Aridanes nestle against collapsed fragments of the Caldera Taburiente (left), formed by massive slope failure of an older volcanic center to the north. Tourism is a major component of the local economy, but the high mountains and clear air of Isla de la Palma are also attractive to astronomers -- several large observatories (not shown) are located along the northern edge of the Caldera Taburiente.

  4. Molecular phylogenetics of Micromeria (Lamiaceae) in the Canary Islands, diversification and inter-island colonization patterns inferred from nuclear genes.

    PubMed

    Puppo, Pamela; Curto, Manuel; Gusmão-Guedes, Joana; Cochofel, Jaqueline; Pérez de Paz, Pedro Luis; Bräuchler, Christian; Meimberg, Harald

    2015-08-01

    Here we reconstruct the evolutionary history of Micromeria in the Canary Islands using eight nuclear markers. Our results show two centers of diversification for Micromeria, one in the eastern islands Gran Canaria and Lanzarote, the other in the western islands, Tenerife, La Palma and El Hierro. Suggested directions of inter-island colonization are the following: Gran Canaria to Lanzarote and La Gomera; Tenerife to La Palma (from the paleoisland of Teno), to El Hierro (from the younger, central part), and to La Gomera and Madeira (from the paleoislands). Colonization of La Gomera probably occurred several times from Gran Canaria and Tenerife. The taxonomic implications of these results are discussed. Incongruence among the different markers was evaluated and, using next generation sequencing, we investigated if this incongruence is due to gene duplication. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: SWEETCat I. Stellar parameters for host stars (Santos+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos, N. C.; Sousa, S. G.; Mortier, A.; Neves, V.; Adibekyan, V.; Tsantaki, M.; Delgado Mena, E.; Bonfils, X.; Israelian, G.; Mayor, M.; Udry, S.

    2013-07-01

    The file sweetcat.dat contains the spectroscopic parameters for all the planet hosts compiled for this work (data as of July 2013). Up to date tables can be found at http://www.astro.up.pt/resources/sweet-cat . The spectra were gathered through observations, made by our team, and by the use of the ESO archive. In total, six different spectrographs were used: FEROS (2.2m ESO/MPI telescope, La Silla, Chile), FIES (Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma, Spain), HARPS (3.6m ESO telescope, La Silla, Chile), SARG (TNG Telescope, La Palma, Spain), SOPHIE (1.93m telescope, OHP, France), and UVES (VLT Kueyen telescope, Paranal, Chile). (2 data files).

  6. Evolutionary dynamics of a B chromosome invasion in island populations of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans.

    PubMed

    Riera, L; Petitpierre, E; Juan, C; Cabrero, J; Camacho, J P M

    2004-05-01

    Four natural populations of the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans in the Mallorca island were analysed for several years revealing the recent invasion of the B1 chromosome from the south-west part of the island (Palma region) towards the north and to the east. In only 10 years, the mean number of Bs in the northern population at Pollença increased from 0.053 to 0.692. Therefore, B chromosome invasion seems to be very rapid and has recently arrived to the north of the island. The south-west (close to Palma) is the most likely point at which B invasion started in the Mallorca Island. Finally, the number of B chromosomes was significantly associated to an increase in chiasma frequency (and thus recombination) in A chromosomes.

  7. ÔA large chunk of glassÕ: The 98-inch mirror of the Isaac Newton Telescope, 1945-1959

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macdonald, L. T.

    2012-01-01

    The Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) was completed in 1967 at Herstmonceux in southern England, headquarters of the Royal Greenwich Observatory, and was used there by professional astronomers for twelve years before being dismantled and moved to La Palma in the Canary Islands, where it remains a working telescope to this day. When it was moved to La Palma, the telescope was fitted with a new primary mirror. The original mirror, which was used throughout the Herstmonceux years, was obtained as a gift in the late 1940s from the University of Michigan in the United States. This paper records the troubled early history of this mirror and how it was nearly abandoned more than once, and tries to set its history in the political and economic context of mid-twentieth-century Britain as well as the history of astronomy.

  8. World War II: A Chronology. July 1943

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1943-07-01

    boats Taberfane, Aroe Is.; 3 floatplanes and 1 flying boat hit. 12 Aleutian Is. : On Attu, 4 Jap- anese are en- countered in the C. Khlebnikof...moving parallel to coast seize Palma di Montechiaro and farther inland, Naro. Allied planes continue to pound Axis defenses and communications through...bomb and strafe airfield on Selaru I., Tanimbar Is. Single RAAF Catalina bombs Dobo, Aroe Is., while 2 others raid Langgoer airdrome, Kei Is. 13

  9. NAOMI - Adaptive Optics at the WHT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benn, Chris R.; Els, Sebastian; Gregory, Tom; Söchting, Ilona; Østensen, Roy

    NAOMI is the AO system of the William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. It delivers near-diffraction-limited imaging in the IR, and a significantly improved PSF at optical wavelengths. The science instrumentation includes an IR imager (INGRID), an optical integral-field spectrograph (OASIS) and a coronograph which may be placed in the light path to either instrument. 19 science programmes were observed during 2002-3.

  10. Detection of the Optical Afterglow of GRB 000630: Implications for Dark Bursts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-01-01

    erated on the island of La Palma by the Centro Galileo Galilei 1. Introduction The discoveries of the first X-ray afterglow (Costa et al. 1997) and...Association, U. S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, PO Box 1149, Flagstaff, AZ 86002-1149, USA 9 Telescopio Nazionale Galileo , Apartado Postal 565, 38700...images with the 3.5-m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG). The journal of observations is reported in Table 1. 3. Results 3.1. Astrometry By measuring

  11. Recent Results from the Wide Angle Search for Planets (WASP) Prototype

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kane, S. R.; Horne, K.; Lister, T.; Collier Cameron, A.; Street, R. A.; Pollacco, D. L.; James, D.; Tsapras, Y.

    2004-12-01

    WASP0 is a prototype for what is intended to become a collection of WASPs whose primary aim is to detect transiting extra-solar planets across the face of their parent star. We present some recent results from the WASP0 camera, including observations of the known transiting planet around HD 209458. The current status of the next generation camera (SuperWASP) located on La Palma is briefly outlined.

  12. Chile: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-22

    9 Julieta Palma and Raúl Urzúa, Anti-Poverty Policies and Citizenry: The " Chile Solidario" Experience, United Nations Educational , Scientific and... Chile , May 21, 2010, available at http://www.gobiernodechile.cl/discursos/2010/05/21/mensaje-presidencial-del-21-de-mayo.htm; “ Chile : Education ... Chile is a source, transit, and destination country for trafficking in persons for commercial sexual and labor exploitation. While Chile has made

  13. BOOTES and GTC observations of cosmic gamma-ray bursts and their progenitors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.

    2016-07-01

    We will summarize the follow-up observations of gamma-ray bursts performed worldwide by the BOOTES Network of robotic telescopes (with some of the data being contemporaneous to the prompt emission) leading to the discovery of many afterglows. Complementary data has been also obtained by the 10.4m GTC telescope in La Palma (mainly spectroscopy), with one of them being the highest extinguished afterglow detected to date.

  14. Quantum channels with correlated noise and entanglement teleportation

    SciTech Connect

    Yeo Ye

    2003-05-01

    Motivated by the results of Macchiavello and Palma on entanglement-enhanced information transmission over a quantum channel with correlated noise, we demonstrate how the entanglement teleportation scheme of Lee and Kim gives rise to two uncorrelated generalized depolarizing channels. In an attempt to find a teleportation scheme that yields two correlated generalized depolarizing channels, we discover a teleportation scheme that allows one to learn about the entanglement in an entangled pure input state, without decreasing the amount of entanglement associated with it.

  15. Opening the Dutch Open Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutten, R. J.; de Wijn, A. G.; Sütterlin, P.; Bettonvil, F. C. M.; Hammerschlag, R. H.

    2002-10-01

    We hope to "open the DOT" to the international solar physics community as a facility for high-resolution tomography of the solar atmosphere. Our aim is to do so combining peer-review time allocation with service-mode operation in a "hands-on-telescope" education program bringing students to La Palma to assist in the observing and processing. The largest step needed is considerable speedup of the DOT speckle processing.

  16. Canary Island Archipelago

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    This nearly vertical view of the Canary Archipelago (28.5N, 16.5W) shows five of the seven islands: Grand Canary, Tenerife, Gomera, Hierro and La Palma. The largest island in view is Tenerife. Island cloud wakes evident in this photo are the result of southerly winds giving rise to cloud banks on the lee side especially on Tenerife which has the highest volcanic peaks. Island water wakes and internal waves are also evident but not as apparent.

  17. V838 Mon: hot component still in deep eclipse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolka, I.; Liimets, T.; Kankare, E.; Pursimo, T.; Datson, J.

    2009-09-01

    We report on brightness measurements of the peculiar binary V838 Mon in the B,V,Rc bands in 2009. We have used the ALFOSC and MOSCA cameras at the Nordic Optical Telescope on La Palma. The B magnitudes listed below indicate that the hot B3V component of the binary is still in the deep eclipse which was first reported by Goranskij in ATel #1821.

  18. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    34Pumnul si Palma" [The Fist and the Palm ] and "Muzeul de Ceara" [The Wax Museum] by Dumitru Popescu, and the list does not end with them. As can easily...choosing from among alternative solutions. For me, however, politics is not just that. The sphere of politics also includes the management of...Harbors and Ships As an essential precondition for improving the handling of water contaminated with oil , the bilge and ballast water treatment plant

  19. Linear Models: A Useful Microscope for Causal Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (AISTATS). La Palma, Canary Islands. Berkson, J. (1946). Limitations of the application of...combined causal and diagnostic reasoning in inference systems. In Proceedings of the Eighth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence ...Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence . AUAI, Corvallis, OR, 417–424. <http://ftp.cs.ucla.edu/pub/stat ser/r356.pdf>. Pearl, J. (2010b). On measurement

  20. Teaching students about informatics and astronomy using real data for detection of asteroids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boldea, A. L.; Vaduvescu, O.

    2017-09-01

    In this paper we approach the astronomy teaching process for students in computer sciences through a controlled investigation method using real astronomical data, including data reduction and quality control of the astrometry of near-Earth asteroids. The method used data collected on the Isaac Newton Telescope located at the ORM observatory on the island of La Palma in the Spanish Canary Islands and was successfully tested with a group of students in their second year of study.

  1. Conference Discussion: The Challenges in Multi-Object Spectroscopy Instrument and Survey Design, and in Data Processing and Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balcells, M.; Skillen, I.

    2016-10-01

    The final session of the conference Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: Big Questions, Large Surveys, and Wide Fields, held in La Palma 2-6 March 2015, was devoted to a discussion of the challenges in designing and operating the next-generation survey spectrographs, and planning and carrying out their massive surveys. The wide-ranging 1.5-hour debate was recorded on video tape, and in this paper we report the edited transcription of the dialog.

  2. Population Parameters of Beaked Whales

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-30

    Chronic Ocean Noise: Cetacean Ecology and Acoustic Habitat Loss (European Commission Marie Curie Fellowship) Dec 2010 - Nov 2012 (£190K). Current...students are involved in all facets of the work. RELATED PROJECTS Natacha Aguilar  Sound use in the marine ecosystem (European Commission Marie ... Curie Fellowship) March 2010 - Feb2013 (€297K). Current.  Cetaceans, Oceanography and Biodiversity of Deep Waters in El Hierro and La Palma (Canary

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Radial velocity monitoring of PG 1018-047 (Deca+, 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deca, J.; Marsh, T. R.; Ostensen, R. H.; Morales-Rueda, L.; Copperwheat, C. M.; Wade, R. A.; Stark, M. A.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Nelemans, G.; Heber, U.

    2013-03-01

    We have observed PG 1018-047 spectroscopically with several different instrument setups over a period of 10yr. The data were obtained using the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT), William Herschel Telescope (WHT) and Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) on the island of La Palma, the Radcliffe telescope at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) and the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) located at the McDonald Observatory in Texas. (3 data files).

  4. Constituents of Dragon's Blood. 5. Dracoflavans B1, B2, C1, C2, D1, and D2, new A-type deoxyproanthocyanidins.

    PubMed

    Arnone, A; Nasini, G; Vajna de Pava, O; Merlini, L

    1997-10-01

    From Dragon's Blood, a resin produced by plants of the genus Daemonorops (Palmae), six new A-type flavanoid deoxyproanthocyanidins have been isolated. Their structure and stereochemistry, established by chemical degradation and extensive NMR analysis, is consistent with a mechanism of formation common to other constituents of the resin, which involves oxidation of a 6-methylflavan to a quinonemethide, followed by coupling with another flavan moiety.

  5. CORDETS ( Component Oriented Development Techniques) and DOMENG (Domain Engineering)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríquez-Dapena, P.

    2008-08-01

    This document presents the results of Workshop 2 held on the 28th of May 2008 in Palma de Mallorca as part of the DASIA2008 conference. The workshop is used for the setup and animation of the stakeholders' network intended to bring together the actors in the field of the future generic space on-board software architectures, in order to get a common vision, technical understanding and industrial interests.

  6. XTE J1855-026 is a supergiant X-ray binary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negueruela, I.; Casares, J.; Verrecchia, F.; Blay, P.; Israel, G. L.; Covino, S.

    2008-12-01

    The eclipsing X-ray pulsar XTE J1855-026 (Corbet & Mukai 2002, ApJ 577, 923) has been unambiguously identified by a recent Swift observation (Romano et al., ATel #1875) with the reddened early-type star proposed as candidate counterpart by Verrecchia et al. (ATel #102). High-quality spectra of the counterpart taken in August 2003 with the 4.2-m WHT (La Palma) show it to be a B0 Iaep luminous supergiant.

  7. An Efficient Docking Algorithm Using Conserved Residue Information to Study Protein-Protein Interactions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-01

    employ genetic algorithms . In principle, calculation of the free energy change upon binding of two proteins should allow determination of the... Genetic Algorithm Approach to Protein Docking in CAPRI round 1. Proteins 52: 10-14. Glaser, F., Pupko, T., Paz, I., Bell, R.E., Bechor-Shental, D... genetic algorithm and an empirical binding free energy function. Journal of Computational Chemistry 19: 1639-1662. Palma, P.N., Krippahl, L., Wampler

  8. VizieR Online Data Catalog: High-speed photometry obs. of WD 1145+017 syst. (Gansicke+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gansicke, B. T.; Aungwerojwit, A.; Marsh, T. R.; Dhillon, V. S.; Sahman, D. I.; Veras, D.; Farihi, J.; Chote, P.; Ashley, R.; Arjyotha, S.; Rattanasoon, S.; Littlefair, S. P.; Pollacco, D.; Burleigh, M. R.

    2016-05-01

    We obtained high-speed photometry with the frame-transfer camera ULTRASPEC mounted on the 2.4m Thai National Telescope (TNT) on Doi Inthanon over eleven nights in between 2015, November 28, and December 22. Additional observations were obtained on 2015, December 17, 23-25, using the Warwick 1m (W1m) telescope at the Roque de Los Muchachos Observatory on La Palma. (1 data file).

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 72 WINGS nearby clusters luminosity functions (Moretti+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moretti, A.; Bettoni, D.; Poggianti, B. M.; Fasano, G.; Varela, J.; D'Onofrio, M.; Vulcani, B.; Cava, A.; Fritz, J.; Couch, W. J.; Moles, M.; Kjaergaard, P.

    2015-11-01

    We used the Sextractor photometric catalogue of WINGS galaxies described in Varela et al. (2009A&A...497..667V, Cat. J/A+A/497/667), which refers to optical (B,V) photometry of 76 cluster of galaxies, either observed with the INT telescope at La Palma, or with the 2.2m ESO telescope at La Silla. (1 data file).

  10. Mesh-Independent Methods for Agent Movement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    effectively in ecology , where it is often called individual based modeling (IBM)[1]. Some individual based models are spatially explicit meaning that...3-D movement rules of fish for forecasting using a coupled Eulerian- Lagrangian-Agent framework. Journal of Ecological Modeling, 2005. in press. [2...refinement using parallel in-element particle track- ing methods. In José M.L.M. Palma , Jack Dongarra, Vicente Hernández, REFERENCES 21 and A

  11. The high-speed camera ULTRACAM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marsh, T. R.; Dhillon, V. S.

    2006-08-01

    ULTRACAM is a high-speed, tri-band CCD camera designed for observations of time variable celestial objects. Commissioned on the 4.2m WHT in La Palma, it has now been used for observations of many types of phenomena and objects including stellar occultations, accreting black-holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs, pulsars, eclipsing binaries and pulsating stars. In this paper we describe the salient features of ULTRACAM and discuss some of the results of its use.

  12. Bacterial community composition of three candidate insect vectors of palm phytoplasma (Texas Phoenix Palm Decline and Lethal Yellowing).

    PubMed

    Powell, Christopher M; Hail, Daymon; Potocnjak, Julia; Hanson, J Delton; Halbert, Susan H; Bextine, Blake R

    2015-02-01

    Texas Phoenix Palm Decline (TPPD) and Lethal Yellowing are two phytoplasma-linked diseases in palms. The phytoplasma causing TPPD is thought to be transmitted by three putative planthopper vectors, Ormenaria rufifascia, Omolicna joi, and Haplaxius crudus. These insects have been morphologically and molecularly described, and have screened positive for Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae. Individuals from each species were subjected to 16S bacterial community sequencing using the Roche 454 platform, providing new information regarding the previously unexplored bacterial communities present in putative vectors.

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: NGC 1960 (RI)c photometric catalogue (Jeffries+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeffries, R. D.; Naylor, T.; Mayne, N. J.; Bell, C. P. M.; Littlefair, S. P.

    2014-09-01

    In order to select faint, low-mass targets for subsequent spectroscopy, a photometric survey of NGC 1960 was performed using the Wide Field Camera (WFC) at the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) on La Palma on the night of the 2004 September 28. The WFC consists of four thinned EEV 2kx4k CCDs (numbered 1-4) covering 0.33-arcsec/pix on the sky. (1 data file).

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Pre-main-sequence isochrones. II. SFR (Bell+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, C. P. M.; Naylor, T.; Mayne, N. J.; Jeffries, R. D.; Littlefair, S. P.

    2014-07-01

    The observations presented were obtained using the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) on La Palma at the same time as our Pleiades observations described in Paper I (Bell et al., 2012MNRAS.424.3178B, Cat. J/MNRAS/424/3178). We refer the reader to Paper I for details of our observational techniques, photometric calibration and data reduction. (29 data files).

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Ji light curves of WTS-2 (Birkby+, 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birkby, J. L.; Cappetta, M.; Cruz, P.; Koppenhoefer, J.; Ivanyuk, O.; Mustill, A. J.; Hodgkin, S. T.; Pinfield, D. J.; Sipocz, B.; Kovacs, G.; Saglia, R.; Pavlenko, Y.; Barrado, D.; Bayo, A.; Campbell, D.; Catalan, S.; Fossati, L.; Galvez-Ortiz, M.-C.; Kenworthy, M.; Lillo-Box, J.; Martin, E. L.; Mislis, D.; de Mooij, E. J. W.; Nefs, S. V.; Snellen, I. A. G.; Stoev, H.; Zendejas, J.; Del Burgo, C.; Barnes, J.; Goulding, N.; Haswell, C. A.; Kuznetsov, M.; Lodieu, N.; Murgas, F.; Palle, E.; Solano, E.; Steele, P.; Tata, R.

    2015-07-01

    The infrared light curves of the WTS were generated from time series photometry taken with the WFCAM imager mounted at the prime focus of UKIRT. In order to confirm the transit of WTS-2 b and to help constrain the transit model, on 2010 July 18 we obtained further time series photometry in the Sloan i band using the Wide Field Camera (WFC) on the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) at Roque de Los Muchachos, La Palma. (2 data files).

  16. Swift J1822.3-1606: Optical spectroscopy of the counterpart candidates from the 10.4m GTC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Ugarte Postigo, A.; Munoz-Darias, T.

    2011-07-01

    We have performed optical spectroscopy of the two objects (S1 and S2; ATEL #3496, #3502) present within the Swift/XRT error circle of the Soft Gamma-ray Repeater (SGR) candidate, Swift J1822.3-1606 (ATEL #3488, #3489, #3490, #3491, #3493, #3501, #3503). Observations were performed on July 20, 2011 using the OSIRIS spectrograph at the 10.4m Gran Telescopio de Canarias (GTC) telescope in La Palma, Spain.

  17. Primary Blast Traumatic Brain Injury in the Rat: Relating Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Behavior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-14

    collegiate football players: the NCAA concussion study. JAMA (2003) 290:2556–63. doi:10.1001/ jama.290.19.2556 6. DePalma RG, Burris DG, Champion HR... concussions in retired pro- fessional football players. Am J Sports Med (2012) 40:2206–12. doi: 10.1177/0363546512456193 10. Verfaellie M, Lafleche G...low-blast exposures and limited excur- sions during high-blast exposures. Angular accelerations were well below the threshold for mild concussion in

  18. Draft Genome Sequence of Photorhabdus luminescens Strain DSPV002N Isolated from Santa Fe, Argentina.

    PubMed

    Palma, Leopoldo; Del Valle, Eleodoro E; Frizzo, Laureano; Berry, Colin; Caballero, Primitivo

    2016-07-28

    Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Photorhabdus luminescens strain DSPV002N, which consists of 177 contig sequences accounting for 5,518,143 bp, with a G+C content of 42.3% and 4,701 predicted protein-coding genes (CDSs). From these, 27 CDSs exhibited significant similarity with insecticidal toxin proteins from Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TT01. Copyright © 2016 Palma et al.

  19. Bd +60 73 = Igr J00370+6122

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negueruela, Ignacio; Reig, Pablo

    2004-05-01

    A classification spectrum of BD +60 73, reported to be the optical counterpart to IGR J00370+6122 (ATel #281), was taken on the night of 2003 July 7th with the 2.5-m Issac Newton telescope at La Palma. The derived spectral type is BN0.5II-III, where the composite luminosity class indicates an intermediate luminosity. The Nitrogen enhancement is moderately high, with numerous NII lines being rather stronger than corresponds to the spectral type.

  20. Characteristics of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Observed in the Central Region of Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wrasse, Cristiano Max; Messias Almeida, Lazaro; Abalde Guede, Jose Ricardo; Valentin Bageston, José; Pillat, Valdir G.; Lima, Washington L. C.

    Gravity waves observations were carried out at Palmas (10.16o S, 48.26o W) Brazil, between September 2007 and December 2008, using an all-sky airglow imager to measure the OH emis-sion. The gravity waves were divided in two groups following they morphology as band and ripples type waves. The main characteristics of the band type waves are: horizontal wavelength between 10-35 km; observed period raging from 5 to 25 minutes; observed phase speed between 5-60 m/s. Preferential propagation directions of the bands are northward and southward, show-ing a clear anisotropy. For the ripples the main wave parameters are: horizontal wavelength ranging between 5 and 15 km; observed period mainly distributed between 5 and 15 minutes and horizontal phase velocity from 5 to 30 m/s. The ripples showed the same anisotropy as in the preferential propagation direction as the band type waves. The gravity wave characteristics observed at Palmas were compared with other observations carried out in Brazil, showing simi-lar features. In order to explain the seasonal variation of the wave propagation direction, maps of Outgoing Longwave Radiation (ORL) were used to locate regions with intense deep con-vection (OLR < 220 W.m-2 ) in the lower atmosphere. During summer and autumn the wave sources regions are well correlated with deep convection areas located at west and northwest of Palmas.

  1. Evidence for magmatic underplating and partial melt beneath the Canary Islands derived using teleseismic receiver functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lodge, A.; Nippress, S. E. J.; Rietbrock, A.; García-Yeguas, A.; Ibáñez, J. M.

    2012-12-01

    In recent years, an increasing number of studies have focussed on resolving the internal structure of ocean island volcanoes. Traditionally, active source seismic experiments have been used to image the volcano edifice. Here we present results using the analysis of compressional to shear (P to S) converted seismic phases from teleseismic events, recorded by stations involved in an active source experiment "TOM-TEIDEVS" (Ibáñez et al., 2008), on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands. We supplement this data with receiver function (RF) analysis of seismograms from the Canary Islands of Lanzarote and La Palma, applying the extended-time multitaper frequency domain cross-correlation estimation method (Helffrich, 2006). We use the neighbourhood inversion approach of Sambridge (1999a,b) to model the RFs and our results indicate magmatic underplating exists beneath all three islands, ranging from 2 to 8 km, but showing no clear correlation with the age of the island. Beneath both La Palma and Tenerife, we find localized low velocity zones (LVZs), which we interpret as due to partial melt, supported by their correlation with the location of historical earthquakes (La Palma) and recent earthquakes (Tenerife). For Lanzarote, we do not sample the most recently volcanically active region and find no evidence for a LVZ. Instead, we find a simple gradational velocity structure, with discontinuities at ˜4, 10 and 18 km depth, in line with previous studies.

  2. Tracking colonization and diversification of insect lineages on islands: mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of Tarphius canariensis (Coleoptera: Colydiidae) on the Canary Islands.

    PubMed Central

    Emerson, B C; Oromí, P; Hewitt, G M

    2000-01-01

    The genus Tarphius Erichson (Coleoptera: Colydiidae) is represented by 29 species on the Canary Islands. The majority are rare, single-island endemics intimately associated with the monteverde (laurel forest and fayal-brezal). The Tarphius canariensis complex is by far the most abundant and geographically wide-spread, occurring on Gran Canaria, Tenerife and La Palma. Eighty-seven individuals from the T. canariensis complex were sequenced for 444 bp of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI), 597 bp of the COII gene and the intervening tRNA(leu) gene. A neighbour-joining analysis of maximum-likelihood distances put La Palma as a single monophyletic clade of haplotypes occurring within a larger clade comprising all Tenerife haplotypes. Gran Canarian haplotypes were also monophyletic occurring on a separate lineage. Using a combination of the phylogeographic pattern for T. canariensis, geological data, biogeography of the remaining species and estimated divergence times, we proposed a Tenerifean origin in the old Teno massif and independent colonizations from here to north-eastern Tenerife (Anaga), Gran Canaria and La Palma. New methods of estimating diversification rates using branching times were applied to each island fauna. All islands exhibited a gradually decreasing rate of genetic diversification similar to that seen for Brachyderes rugatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from the Canary Islands. PMID:11413633

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Circumstellar debris discs (Maldonado+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maldonado, J.; Eiroa, C.; Villaver, E.; Montesinos, B.; Mora, A.

    2015-09-01

    The high-resolution spectra used in this work come from several spectrographs and telescopes and have already been used in some of our previous works (Maldonado et al., 2010, Cat. J/A+A/521/A12, 2012, Cat. J/A+A/541/A40, 2013, Cat. J/A+A/554/A84; Martinez-Arnaiz et al., 2010, Cat. J/A+A/520/A79), which can be consulted for details concerning the observing runs and the reduction procedure. Summarising, the data were taken with the following instruments: i) FOCES at the 2.2-m telescope of the Calar Alto observatory (CAHA, Almeria, Spain); ii) SARG at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG, 3.58m), La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain); iii) FIES at the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT, 2.56m), La Palma; and iv) HERMES at the Mercator telescope (1.2m), also in La Palma. We used additional spectra from the public library "S4N" (Allende Prieto et al., 2004, Cat. J/A+A/420/183), which contains spectra taken with the 2d coude spectrograph at McDonald Observatory and the FEROS instrument at the ESO 1.52m telescope in La Silla; from the ESO/ST-ECF Science Archive Facility (http://archive.eso.org/cms/); and from the pipeline processed FEROS and HARPS data archive (http://archive.eso.org/wdb/wdb/eso/repro/form). (2 data files).

  4. The Carlsberg Meridian Telescope: an astrometric robotic telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, D. W.

    2001-12-01

    An overview is given of the Carlsberg Meridian Telescope on La Palma, which is one of the oldest robotic telescopes, having started observing on La Palma in 1984. In the spring of 1997, a further stage of automation was made when we converted the telescope to remote operation. Since then, the telescope has been operated over the Internet from Britain, Denmark or Spain. In 1997, a CCD camera, operating in a drift-scan mode, was installed. A year later the telescope underwent a major upgrade and a larger 2k×2k CCD camera was installed, with a Sloan r' filter. With the new system, the magnitude limit is r'=17 and the positional accuracy is in the range 0.03'' to 0.05''. The main task of the project is to map the sky in the declination range -3o to +50o, with the aim of providing an astrometric and photometric catalogue that can accurately transfer the Hipparcos/Tycho reference frame to Schmidt plates. We will release the first data by the end of 2001. Using the photometric information, extinction data for La Palma is also provided.

  5. The evolutionary history of Afrocanarian blue tits inferred from genomewide SNPs.

    PubMed

    Gohli, Jostein; Leder, Erica H; Garcia-Del-Rey, Eduardo; Johannessen, Lars Erik; Johnsen, Arild; Laskemoen, Terje; Popp, Magnus; Lifjeld, Jan T

    2015-01-01

    A common challenge in phylogenetic reconstruction is to find enough suitable genomic markers to reliably trace splitting events with short internodes. Here, we present phylogenetic analyses based on genomewide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of an enigmatic avian radiation, the subspecies complex of Afrocanarian blue tits (Cyanistes teneriffae). The two sister species, the Eurasian blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) and the azure tit (Cyanistes cyanus), constituted the out-group. We generated a large data set of SNPs for analysis of population structure and phylogeny. We also adapted our protocol to utilize degraded DNA from old museum skins from Libya. We found strong population structuring that largely confirmed subspecies monophyly and constructed a coalescent-based phylogeny with full support at all major nodes. The results are consistent with a recent hypothesis that La Palma and Libya are relic populations of an ancient Afrocanarian blue tit, although a small data set for Libya could not resolve its position relative to La Palma. The birds on the eastern islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote are similar to those in Morocco. Together they constitute the sister group to the clade containing the other Canary Islands (except La Palma), in which El Hierro is sister to the three central islands. Hence, extant Canary Islands populations seem to originate from multiple independent colonization events. We also found population divergences in a key reproductive trait, viz. sperm length, which may constitute reproductive barriers between certain populations. We recommend a taxonomic revision of this polytypic species, where several subspecies should qualify for species rank.

  6. Variability of Mediterranean aerosols properties at three regional background sites in the western Mediterranean Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sicard, Michaël.; Totems, Julien; Barragan, Rubén.; Dulac, François; Mallet, Marc; Comerón, Adolfo; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Augustin, Patrick; Chazette, Patrick; Léon, Jean-François; Olmo-Reyes, Francisco José; Renard, Jean-Baptiste; Rocadenbosch, Francesc

    2014-10-01

    In the framework of the project ChArMEx (the Chemistry-Aerosol Mediterranean Experiment, http://charmex.lsce.ipsl.fr/), the variability of aerosol optical, microphysical and radiative properties is examined in three regional background sites on a southwest - northeast (SW-NE) straight line in the middle of the western Mediterranean Basin (WMB). The three sites are on the northward transport pathway of African dust: - Ersa, Corsica Island, France (43.00ºN, 9.36ºW, 80 m a.s.l), - Palma de Mallorca, Mallorca Island, Spain (39.55ºN, 2.62ºE, 10 m a.s.l) and - Alborán, Alboran Island, Spain (35.94ºN, 3.04ºW, 15 m a.s.l). AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) sun-photometer products are mainly used. A preliminary analysis shows that at Ersa and Palma sites the annual aerosol optical depth (AOD) has a similar trend with a peak around 0.2 in July. The winter/spring AOD is lower in Palma than in Ersa, while it is reverse in summer/autumn. The aerosol particle size distribution (and the coarse mode fraction) shows clearly the SW-NE gradient with a decreasing coarse mode peak (and a decreasing coarse mode fraction from 0.5 - 0.35 - 0.2 in July) along the axis Alborán - Palma de Mallorca - Ersa. In addition to the seasonal and annual variability analysis, the analysis of AERONET products is completed with a large variety of ground-based and sounding balloons remote sensing and in situ instruments during the Special Observation Period (SOP) of the ADRIMED campaign in June 2013. The second part of the presentation will focus on the comparison of the observations at Palma de Mallorca and Ersa of the same long-range transported airmasses. The observations include lidar vertical profiles, balloon borne OPC (Optical Particle Counter) and MSG/SEVIRI AOD, among others.

  7. Human Trypanosomiasis in the Eastern Plains of Colombia: New Transmission Scenario

    PubMed Central

    Angulo-Silva, Victor Manuel; Castellanos-Domínguez, Yeny Zulay; Flórez-Martínez, Mónica; Esteban-Adarme, Lyda; Pérez-Mancipe, William; Farfán-García, Ana Elvira; Luna-Marín, Katherine Paola

    2016-01-01

    Characteristics of Trypanosoma cruzi infection were studied in a rural area of the eastern plains of Colombia. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect fluorescent-antibody tests, the infection was determined in 11.6% of the inhabitants of 142 dwellings. During 6 months of community surveillance, in 42.3% dwellings, 609 triatomines were collected (597 Rhodnius prolixus and seven, three, one, and one of Panstrongylus geniculatus, Psammolestes arturi, Eratyrus mucronatus, and Triatoma maculata, respectively). Rhodnius prolixus was found in 80% peridomiciliary Attalea butyracea palms examined with baited traps, and its infection with T. cruzi was 30% and 38.5% in dwellings and palms, respectively. Trypanosoma cruzi was isolated in five of 35 triatomines and in one of 24 dogs. The blood of domestic and wild animals was identified in triatomines collected in the intradomicile and in palms. These results support the extension of the wild cycle of T. cruzi to human dwellings and the characterization of a new scenario for transmission in Colombia. PMID:26728765

  8. New scenarios of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in the Orinoco region of Colombia

    PubMed Central

    Rendón, Lina María; Guhl, Felipe; Cordovez, Juan Manuel; Erazo, Diana

    2015-01-01

    Rhodnius prolixus, a blood-sucking triatomine with domiciliary anthropophilic habits, is the main vector of Chagas disease. The current paradigm of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in Columbia includes a sylvatic and domiciliary cycle co-existing with domestic and sylvatic populations of reservoirs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the population densities and relative abundance of triatomines and mammals that may be involved in the sylvatic cycle of Chagas disease to clarify the epidemiological scenario in an endemic area in the province of Casanare. Insect vectors on Attalea butyracea palms were captured using both manual searches and bait traps. The capture of mammals was performed using Sherman and Tomahawk traps. We report an infestation index of 88.5% in 148 palms and an index of T. cruzi natural infection of 60.2% in 269 dissected insects and 11.9% in 160 captured mammals. High population densities of triatomines were observed in the sylvatic environment and there was a high relative abundance of reservoirs in the area, suggesting a stable enzootic cycle. We found no evidence of insect domiciliation. Taken together, these observations suggest that eco-epidemiological factors shape the transmission dynamics of T. cruzi, creating diverse scenarios of disease transmission. PMID:25830543

  9. Risk factors associated with Trypanosoma cruzi exposure in domestic dogs from a rural community in Panama

    PubMed Central

    Saldaña, Azael; Calzada, José E; Pineda, Vanessa; Perea, Milixa; Rigg, Chystrie; González, Kadir; Santamaria, Ana Maria; Gottdenker, Nicole L; Chaves, Luis F

    2015-01-01

    Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi infection, is a zoonosis of humans, wild and domestic mammals, including dogs. In Panama, the main T. cruzi vector is hodnius pallescens, a triatomine bug whose main natural habitat is the royal palm, Attalea butyracea. In this paper, we present results from three T. cruzi serological tests (immunochromatographic dipstick, indirect immunofluorescence and ELISA) performed in 51 dogs from 24 houses in Trinidad de Las Minas, western Panama. We found that nine dogs were seropositive (17.6% prevalence). Dogs were 1.6 times more likely to become T. cruzi seropositive with each year of age and 11.6 times if royal palms where present in the peridomiciliary area of the dog's household or its two nearest neighbours. Mouse-baited-adhesive traps were employed to evaluate 12 peridomestic royal palms. All palms were found infested with R. pallescens with an average of 25.50 triatomines captured per palm. Of 35 adult bugs analysed, 88.6% showed protozoa flagellates in their intestinal contents. In addition, dogs were five times more likely to be infected by the presence of an additional domestic animal species in the dog's peridomiciliary environment. Our results suggest that interventions focused on royal palms might reduce the exposure to T. cruzi infection. PMID:26560985

  10. Responses of squirrel monkeys to seasonal changes in food availability in an eastern Amazonian forest.

    PubMed

    Stone, Anita I

    2007-02-01

    Tropical forests are characterized by marked temporal and spatial variation in productivity, and many primates face foraging problems associated with seasonal shifts in fruit availability. In this study, I examined seasonal changes in diet and foraging behaviors of two groups of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), studied for 12 months in Eastern Brazilian Amazonia, an area characterized by seasonal rainfall. Squirrel monkeys were primarily insectivorous (79% of feeding and foraging time), with fruit consumption highest during the rainy season. Although monkeys fed from 68 plant species, fruit of Attalea maripa palms accounted for 28% of annual fruit-feeding records. Dietary shifts in the dry season were correlated with a decline in ripe A. maripa fruits. Despite pronounced seasonal variation in rainfall and fruit abundance, foraging efficiency, travel time, and distance traveled remained stable between seasons. Instead, squirrel monkeys at this Eastern Amazonian site primarily dealt with the seasonal decline in fruit by showing dietary flexibility. Consumption of insects, flowers, and exudates increased during the dry season. In particular, their foraging behavior at this time strongly resembled that of tamarins (Saguinus sp.) and consisted of heavy use of seed-pod exudates and specialized foraging on large-bodied orthopterans near the forest floor. Comparisons with squirrel monkeys at other locations indicate that, across their geographic range, Saimiri use a variety of behavioral tactics during reduced periods of fruit availability.

  11. Correlation between populations of Rhodnius and presence of palm trees as risk factors for the emergence of Chagas disease in Amazon region, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Ricardo-Silva, Alice Helena; Lopes, Catarina M; Ramos, Leandro B; Marques, William A; Mello, Cícero B; Duarte, Rosemere; de la Fuente, Ana Laura Carbajal; Toma, Helena K; Reboredo-Oliveira, Luciana; Kikuchi, Simone A; Baptista, Thaiana F; Santos-Mallet, Jacenir R; Junqueira, Angela Cristina V; Gonçalves, Teresa Cristina M

    2012-09-01

    Among the states that comprise the legally defined Amazon region of Brazil, Pará has presented the highest occurrences of acute cases of Chagas disease over the last two decades. These cases have been attributed to consumption of fruits from native palm trees. In surveys in rural and wild areas of the municipality of Oriximiná, Pará, triatomine fauna, their main ecotopes and the infection rate due to Trypanosoma cruzi were identified using active and passive search methods: manual capture and Noireau traps, respectively. A total of 582 ecotopes were surveyed using 1496 Noireau traps. Out of 442 specimens collected, 289 were identified as Rhodnius robustus and 153 as Rhodnius pictipes. The infection rate caused by T. cruzi was 17.4%. The food sources of the triatomines were found to be birds, hemolymph, horses, and rodents. The association between R. robustus and inajá palm trees (Attalea marita), which are abundant in rural areas, was confirmed. On the other hand, R. pictipes is found in several palm tree species, such as inajá (A. marita), mucajá (Acrocomia aculeata), murumuru (Astrocaryum murumuru) and patauá (Oenocarpus bataua), and in bromeliads in wild areas. These occurrences of triatomine species in regions with or without T. cruzi infection, in the vicinity of the main settlement of the municipality, suggest that there is a need for entomological and epidemiological surveillance in this region. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Association of Anthropogenic Land Use Change and Increased Abundance of the Chagas Disease Vector Rhodnius pallescens in a Rural Landscape of Panama

    PubMed Central

    Gottdenker, Nicole L.; Calzada, José E.; Saldaña, Azäel; Carroll, C. Ronald

    2011-01-01

    Anthropogenic disturbance is associated with increased vector-borne infectious disease transmission in wildlife, domestic animals, and humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate how disturbance of a tropical forest landscape impacts abundance of the triatomine bug Rhodnius pallescens, a vector of Chagas disease, in the region of the Panama Canal in Panama. Rhodnius pallescens was collected (n = 1,186) from its primary habitat, the palm Attalea butyracea, in five habitat types reflecting a gradient of anthropogenic disturbance. There was a high proportion of palms infested with R. pallescens across all habitat types (range = 77.1–91.4%). Results show that disturbed habitats are associated with increased vector abundance compared with relatively undisturbed habitats. Bugs collected in disturbed sites, although in higher abundance, tended to be in poor body condition compared with bugs captured in protected forest sites. Abundance data suggests that forest remnants may be sources for R. pallescens populations within highly disturbed areas of the landscape. PMID:21212205

  13. Tri-trophic interactions affect density dependence of seed fate in a tropical forest palm.

    PubMed

    Visser, Marco D; Muller-Landau, Helene C; Wright, S Joseph; Rutten, Gemma; Jansen, Patrick A

    2011-11-01

    Natural enemies, especially host-specific enemies, are hypothesised to facilitate the coexistence of plant species by disproportionately inflicting more damage at increasing host abundance. However, few studies have assessed such Janzen-Connell mechanisms on a scale relevant for coexistence and no study has evaluated potential top-down influences on the specialized pests. We quantified seed predation by specialist invertebrates and generalist vertebrates, as well as larval predation on these invertebrates, for the Neotropical palm Attalea butyracea across ten 4-ha plots spanning 20-fold variation in palm density. As palm density increased, seed attack by bruchid beetles increased, whereas seed predation by rodents held constant. But because rodent predation on bruchid larvae increased disproportionately with increasing palm density, bruchid emergence rates and total seed predation by rodents and bruchids combined were both density-independent. Our results demonstrate that top-down effects can limit the potential of host-specific insects to induce negative-density dependence in plant populations.

  14. Immunomodulatory and Antimicrobial Activity of Babassu Mesocarp Improves the Survival in Lethal Sepsis.

    PubMed

    Barroqueiro, Elizabeth S B; Prado, Dayanna S; Barcellos, Priscila S; Silva, Tonicley A; Pereira, Wanderson S; Silva, Lucilene A; Maciel, Márcia C G; Barroqueiro, Rodrigo B; Nascimento, Flávia R F; Gonçalves, Azizedite G; Guerra, Rosane N M

    2016-01-01

    Attalea speciosa syn Orbignya phalerata Mart. (babassu) has been used in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases. Aim of the study. To investigate the antimicrobial and immunological activity of babassu mesocarp extract (EE). Material and Methods. The in vitro antimicrobial activity was evaluated by disk diffusion assay and by determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The flavonoids and phenolic acids content were determined by chromatography. The in vivo assays were performed in Swiss mice submitted to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The mice received EE subcutaneously (125 or 250 mg/Kg), 6 hours after the CLP. The number of lymphoid cells was quantified and the cytokines production was determined by ELISA after 12 h. Results. EE was effective as antimicrobial to E. faecalis, S. aureus, and MRSA. EE is rich in phenolic acids, a class of compounds with antimicrobial and immunological activity. An increased survival can be observed in those groups, possibly due to a significant inhibition of TNF-α and IL-6. Conclusions. The EE showed specific antimicrobial activity in vitro and an important antiseptic effect in vivo possibly due to the antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activity.

  15. Human Trypanosomiasis in the Eastern Plains of Colombia: New Transmission Scenario.

    PubMed

    Angulo-Silva, Victor Manuel; Castellanos-Domínguez, Yeny Zulay; Flórez-Martínez, Mónica; Esteban-Adarme, Lyda; Pérez-Mancipe, William; Farfán-García, Ana Elvira; Luna-Marín, Katherine Paola

    2016-02-01

    Characteristics of Trypanosoma cruzi infection were studied in a rural area of the eastern plains of Colombia. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect fluorescent-antibody tests, the infection was determined in 11.6% of the inhabitants of 142 dwellings. During 6 months of community surveillance, in 42.3% dwellings, 609 triatomines were collected (597 Rhodnius prolixus and seven, three, one, and one of Panstrongylus geniculatus, Psammolestes arturi, Eratyrus mucronatus, and Triatoma maculata, respectively). Rhodnius prolixus was found in 80% peridomiciliary Attalea butyracea palms examined with baited traps, and its infection with T. cruzi was 30% and 38.5% in dwellings and palms, respectively. Trypanosoma cruzi was isolated in five of 35 triatomines and in one of 24 dogs. The blood of domestic and wild animals was identified in triatomines collected in the intradomicile and in palms. These results support the extension of the wild cycle of T. cruzi to human dwellings and the characterization of a new scenario for transmission in Colombia.

  16. Could the Chagas disease elimination programme in Venezuela be compromised by reinvasion of houses by sylvatic Rhodnius prolixus bug populations?

    PubMed

    Sanchez-Martin, Maria J; Feliciangeli, M Dora; Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid; Davies, Clive R

    2006-10-01

    The Andean Pact Initiative (1997) committed Andean countries to eliminate vectorial transmission of Chagas disease by 2010 via widespread residual insecticide spraying. In Venezuela, this aim could be compromised by reinvasion of houses by palm tree populations of the major vector Rhodnius prolixus. To test this hypothesis, a multivariate logistic regression was undertaken of risk factors for triatomine infestation and colonization in 552 houses and 1068 peri-domestic outbuildings in Barinas State. After adjusting for other risk factors, including palm roofs, R. prolixus infestation and colonization of outbuildings (and, to some extent, houses) was significantly associated with proximity to high densities of Attalea butyracea palm trees. House infestation and/or colonization was also positively associated with bug density in peri-domestic outbuildings, the presence of pigsties and nests. Hence, R. prolixus populations in ineffectively sprayed outbuildings could also provide an important source of house re-infestations. The secondary vector Triatoma maculata was mainly found associated with the presence of hens nesting both indoors and outdoors.

  17. Risk factors associated with Trypanosoma cruzi exposure in domestic dogs from a rural community in Panama.

    PubMed

    Saldaña, Azael; Calzada, José E; Pineda, Vanessa; Perea, Milixa; Rigg, Chystrie; González, Kadir; Santamaria, Ana Maria; Gottdenker, Nicole L; Chaves, Luis F

    2015-11-01

    Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi infection, is a zoonosis of humans, wild and domestic mammals, including dogs. In Panama, the main T. cruzi vector is Rhodnius pallescens, a triatomine bug whose main natural habitat is the royal palm, Attalea butyracea. In this paper, we present results from three T. cruzi serological tests (immunochromatographic dipstick, indirect immunofluorescence and ELISA) performed in 51 dogs from 24 houses in Trinidad de Las Minas, western Panama. We found that nine dogs were seropositive (17.6% prevalence). Dogs were 1.6 times more likely to become T. cruzi seropositive with each year of age and 11.6 times if royal palms where present in the peridomiciliary area of the dog's household or its two nearest neighbours. Mouse-baited-adhesive traps were employed to evaluate 12 peridomestic royal palms. All palms were found infested with R. pallescens with an average of 25.50 triatomines captured per palm. Of 35 adult bugs analysed, 88.6% showed protozoa flagellates in their intestinal contents. In addition, dogs were five times more likely to be infected by the presence of an additional domestic animal species in the dog's peridomiciliary environment. Our results suggest that interventions focused on royal palms might reduce the exposure to T. cruzi infection.

  18. New scenarios of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in the Orinoco region of Colombia.

    PubMed

    Rendón, Lina María; Guhl, Felipe; Cordovez, Juan Manuel; Erazo, Diana

    2015-05-01

    Rhodnius prolixus, a blood-sucking triatomine with domiciliary anthropophilic habits, is the main vector of Chagas disease. The current paradigm of Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in Columbia includes a sylvatic and domiciliary cycle co-existing with domestic and sylvatic populations of reservoirs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the population densities and relative abundance of triatomines and mammals that may be involved in the sylvatic cycle of Chagas disease to clarify the epidemiological scenario in an endemic area in the province of Casanare. Insect vectors on Attalea butyracea palms were captured using both manual searches and bait traps. The capture of mammals was performed using Sherman and Tomahawk traps. We report an infestation index of 88.5% in 148 palms and an index of T. cruzi natural infection of 60.2% in 269 dissected insects and 11.9% in 160 captured mammals. High population densities of triatomines were observed in the sylvatic environment and there was a high relative abundance of reservoirs in the area, suggesting a stable enzootic cycle. We found no evidence of insect domiciliation. Taken together, these observations suggest that eco-epidemiological factors shape the transmission dynamics of T. cruzi, creating diverse scenarios of disease transmission.

  19. Immunomodulatory and Antimicrobial Activity of Babassu Mesocarp Improves the Survival in Lethal Sepsis

    PubMed Central

    Prado, Dayanna S.; Barcellos, Priscila S.; Gonçalves, Azizedite G.

    2016-01-01

    Attalea speciosa syn Orbignya phalerata Mart. (babassu) has been used in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases. Aim of the study. To investigate the antimicrobial and immunological activity of babassu mesocarp extract (EE). Material and Methods. The in vitro antimicrobial activity was evaluated by disk diffusion assay and by determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The flavonoids and phenolic acids content were determined by chromatography. The in vivo assays were performed in Swiss mice submitted to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The mice received EE subcutaneously (125 or 250 mg/Kg), 6 hours after the CLP. The number of lymphoid cells was quantified and the cytokines production was determined by ELISA after 12 h. Results. EE was effective as antimicrobial to E. faecalis, S. aureus, and MRSA. EE is rich in phenolic acids, a class of compounds with antimicrobial and immunological activity. An increased survival can be observed in those groups, possibly due to a significant inhibition of TNF-α and IL-6. Conclusions. The EE showed specific antimicrobial activity in vitro and an important antiseptic effect in vivo possibly due to the antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activity. PMID:27630733

  20. Ecological aspects of Rhodnius nasutus Stål, 1859 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in palms of the Chapada do Araripe in Ceará, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Dias, Fernando Braga Stehling; Bezerra, Cláudia Mendonça; Machado, Evandro Marques de Menezes; Casanova, Cláudio; Diotaiuti, Liléia

    2008-12-01

    The aim of this work is to present aspects related to the ecology of Rhodnius nasutus Stål, 1859 in palms from Chapada do Araripe in Ceará, Brazil. The following five species of palms were investigated: babaçu (Attalea speciosa), buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), carnaúba (Copernicia prunifera), catolé (Syagrus oleracea) and macaúba-barriguda (Acrocomia intumescens). Fifth palms were dissected (10 specimens for each species). The overall infestation index was 86%, with a total of 521 triatomines collected. The Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas, 1909 Index was 16.8% and two insects presented mixed infection with Trypanosoma rangeli Tejera, 1920. A precipitin test showed that R. nasutus from palms of Chapada do Araripe are associated with opossum and bird although other possible bloodmeals were observed. Our results showing a high index of infestation of the palms as well as T. cruzi infection, the association of R. nasutus with the most diverse species of palms and proximity of these palms to houses demonstrate the importance of this area for sylvatic T. cruzi transmission and suggest the need for epidemiological surveillance in the region of the Chapada do Araripe.

  1. Resonance interaction between Bays and Harbors forced by tsunamis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vela, Jordi; Pérez, Begoña.; González, Mauricio; Otero, Luis; Olabarrieta, Maitane; Canals, Miquel

    2010-05-01

    The tsunami induced by the 21 May 2003 Boumerdès-Zemmouri (Algeria) earthquake (Mw=6.9) did not generated important inundations damages or fatalities in the western Mediterranean area. However, damages and economic losses were reported in some harbors, generated by important sea level disturbances. Noticeable impacts were noted (broken mooring lines, sunken boats, displaced moorings, etc.) in some harbours in the Balearic Islands (Palma de Majorca, Ibiza and San Antoni) and also along the French border (La Figueirette and Mouré-Rouge harbours). Various authors have attempted to simulate this event finding discrepancies between the tsunami arrival time and amplitudes of waves on the tide gauges and results with numerical models. The models underestimate the amplitude of the tsunami. In some cases the underestimations have been associated to numerical limitations due to the lack of a high-resolution bathymetry and poor harbor geometry definition. Other cases, associated to a non appropriate seismic source characterization. Finally, some authors point out the occurrence of one or several submarine landslides triggered by the earthquake simultaneously with the seafloor vertical displacement, which have not been included in the numerical simulations. For a better knowledge of the response of a harbour interacting with a bay forced by a tsunami, a numerical study has been carried out for Palma Bay and Palma de Majorca Harbour. The transference of energy of the tsunami from the generation area to the continental shelf, the bay and the harbour has been studied for the Algerian tsunami (21 May 2003) and compared with the natural oscillation modes of the bay and the harbour water bodies. Furthermore, a sensibility analysis regarding the influence of the grid size of the harbour and bay bathymetries was also performed to understand the discrepancies between simulations and observations. The 2003 Zemmouri tsunami measured by the tidal gauge of Palma habour showed energy

  2. Geodetic Volcano Monitoring Research in Canary Islands: Recent Results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez, J.; Gonzalez, P. J.; Arjona, A.; Camacho, A. G.; Prieto, J. F.; Seco, A.; Tizzani, P.; Manzo, M. R.; Lanari, R.; Blanco, P.; Mallorqui, J. J.

    2009-05-01

    The Canarian Archipelago is an oceanic island volcanic chain with a long-standing history of volcanic activity (> 40 Ma). It is located off the NW coast of the African continent, lying over a transitional crust of the Atlantic African passive margin. At least 12 eruptions have been occurred on the islands of Lanzarote, Tenerife and La Palma in the last 500 years. Volcanism manifest predominantly as basaltic strombolian monogenetic activity (whole archipelago) and central felsic volcanism (active only in Tenerife Island). We concentrate our studies in the two most active islands, Tenerife and La Palma. In these islands, we tested different methodologies of geodetic monitoring systems. We use a combination of ground- and space-based techniques. At Tenerife Island, a differential interferometric study was performed to detect areas of deformation. DInSAR detected two clear areas of deformation, using this results a survey-based GPS network was designed and optimized to control those deformations and the rest of the island. Finally, using SBAS DInSAR results weak spatial long- wavelength subsidence signals has been detected. At La Palma, the first DInSAR analysis have not shown any clear deformation, so a first time series analysis was performed detecting a clear subsidence signal at Teneguia volcano, as for Tenerife a GPS network was designed and optimized taking into account stable and deforming areas. After several years of activities, geodetic results served to study ground deformations caused by a wide variety of sources, such as changes in groundwater levels, volcanic activity, volcano-tectonics, gravitational loading, etc. These results proof that a combination of ground-based and space-based techniques is suitable tool for geodetic volcano monitoring in Canary Islands. Finally, we would like to strength that those results could have serious implications on the continuous geodetic monitoring system design and implementation for the Canary Islands which is under

  3. Influence of Indium Tin Oxide Surface Treatment on Spatially Localized Photocurrent Variations in Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaic Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    OMB NO. 0704-0188 48138-CH-PCS.19 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) ARO 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT...13 ARO Report Number Influence of Indium Tin Oxide Surface Treatmen Block 13: Supplementary Note © 2011 . Published in The Journal of Physical...C. Nano Lett. 2004, 4, 219–223. (12) Palermo, V.; Palma , M.; Samori, P. Adv. Mater. 2006, 18, 145–164. (13) Li, G.; Shrotriya, V.; Huang, J. S.; Yao

  4. Responsive Space Situation Awareness in 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-01

    Calar Alto, SpainMPI-CAHA3.5 La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain Telescopio Nazionale Galileo Mauna Kea , HawaiiCanada-France- Hawaii Cerro La Silla, Chile...34360ŗ.6 Maui, HawaiiAEOS3.7 Mauna Kea , HawaiiUKIRT Kitt Peak, ArizonaMayall3.8 Coonabarabran, NSW, Australia Anglo-Australian3.9 Cerro Tololo...Hopkins, ArizonaMMT 6.5 Cerro Pachon, ChileGemini South Mauna Kea , HawaiiGillett 8.1 Yepun Melipal Kueyen Cerro Paranal, ChileAntu 8.2 Mauna Kea

  5. Opto-mechanical commissioning of the GLAS Rayleigh laser guide star for the WHT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, Olivier; Agócs, Tibor; Cano, Diego; Gregory, Thomas; van der Hoeven, Michiel; Jolley, Paul; Martín, Carlos; Morris, Tim; Picó, Sergio; Pit, Renee; Rey, Jürg

    2008-07-01

    GLAS (Ground-layer Laser Adaptive optics System) provides a Rayleigh Laser Guide Star (LGS) upgrade to the existing NAOMI AO system at the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. Installation of the GLAS upgrades commenced in 2006 with on-sky commissioning taking place from May 2007. Commissioning was very successful and AO correction was first observed during the August 2007 observing run. Here we present an overview of the opto-mechanical systems that have been installed and commissioned, including the LGS launch system, LGS safety systems and LGS Wave Front Sensor, concentrating on the integration of the various optical and optoelectronic components.

  6. AO imaging and infrared spectroscopy of exoplanet host stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skillen, I.; Pollacco, D.

    2013-05-01

    The telescopes of the ORM, La Palma have gained a worldwide reputation in the discovery and characterisation of exoplanets, which demonstrates the powerful synergy that exists between small, mid-size and large facilities such as SuperWASP, the WHT and GTC, in this rapidly evolving field. We outline a WHT programme of near-infrared adaptive optics imaging with NAOMI/INGRID, and near-infrared spectroscopy with LIRIS, of exoplanet host stars to search for associated stellar and brown dwarf companions.

  7. Commissioning Instrument for the GTC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuevas, S.; Sánchez, B.; Bringas, V.; Espejo, C.; Flores, R.; Chapa, O.; Lara, G.; Chavolla, A.; Anguiano, G.; Arciniega, S.; Dorantes, A.; González, J. L.; Montoya, J. M.; Toral, R.; Hernández, H.; Nava, R.; Devaney, N.; Castro, J.; Cavaller-Marqués, L.

    2005-12-01

    During the GTC integration phase, the Commissioning Instrument (CI) will be a diagnostic tool for performance verification. The CI features four operation modes: imaging, pupil imaging, Curvature WFS, and high resolution Shack-Hartmann WFS. This instrument was built by the Instituto de Astronomía UNAM and the Centro de Ingeniería y Desarrollo Industrial (CIDESI) under GRANTECAN contract after a public bid. In this paper we made a general instrument overview and we show some of the performance final results obtained when the Factory Acceptance tests previous to its transport to La Palma.

  8. Estudio de Evolución de los Núcleos Activos de Galaxias y QSOs: II. Búsqueda de Supernovas en Galaxias Pr'oximas con AGNs y Starburst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merlo, D.; Lípari, S.; Moyano, M.

    Several lines of observational evidences suggesting that supernovae and hypernovae events play a main role in evolution of galaxies, AGNs and QSOs. In order to search more detailed information, we have started a study and detection of supernovae and hypernovae in the nuclei of nearby active galaxies obtaining high-resolution spectra and images in the standard UBVRI filters mainly from CASLEO, Bosque Alegre and data from archive of HST, ESO and La Palma observatories. In this paper we present the first preliminary results obtained in this program. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  9. Foreword

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martín, Eduardo L.; Magazzù, Antonio

    2005-12-01

    These proceedings are hosted by Astronomische Nachrichten. In order to be published in such an international journal, all the contributions needed to go through a refereeing process. We thank all the referees for their reports, which have been very useful to the improve the quality of the proceedings. Thanks also to the authors, for their patience in making all the changes required by the referees and by ourselves. A special thank to the Astronomische Nachrichten staff for their collaboration. Finally, thanks to all the participants, who came to La Palma, this little spot on the Atlantic Ocean map, to gather and make an enjoyable and fruitful meeting.

  10. DOT tomography of the solar atmosphere. I. Telescope summary and program definition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutten, R. J.; Hammerschlag, R. H.; Bettonvil, F. C. M.; Sütterlin, P.; de Wijn, A. G.

    2004-01-01

    The Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) on La Palma is an innovative optical solar telescope capable of reaching 0.2 arcsec angular resolution over extended durations. The DOT presently progresses from technology testbed to a stable science configuration providing multi-wavelength imaging and multi-camera speckle data acquisition for tomographic mapping of the solar atmosphere. Large-volume speckle processing will soon enable frequent usage and community-wide time allocation, in particular for tandem operation with other solar telescopes pursuing spectropolarimetry and EUV imaging. We summarize the DOT hardware and software in the context of this increasing availability and outline the corresponding ``open-DOT'' program.

  11. Oscillations in G-band and Ca II H wing in the active region NOAA AR10789. (Slovak Title: Oscilácie v G páse a Ca II H krídle v aktívnej oblasti NOAA AR10789)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karlovský, V.

    2010-12-01

    Variations of the area of a sunspot in G-band and in Ca II H line wing were analyzed based on observations obtained on 13 July, 2005 by DOT Telescope (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain) in the active region NOAA 10789. Change of the area at the threshold value of 0.4 was analyzed using wavelet transform in order to determine the significance of the derived periods. Because of the different time dependence of the period distributions in these two spectral regions coherence between the two time series of observations was investigated.

  12. Seyfert's Sextet (HGC 79): An Evolved Stephan's Quintet?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durbala, A.; Sulentic, J.; Rosado, M.; Del Olmo, A.; Perea, J.; Plana, H.

    Scanning Fabry-Perot interferometers MOS/SIS (3.6m CFHT)+PUMA (2.1m OAN-SPM, México) and the long-slit spectrograph ALFOSC (2.5m NOT, La Palma) were used to measure the kinematics of gas and stars in Seyfert's Sextet (HCG79). We interpret it as a highly evolved group that formed from sequential acquistion of mostly late-type galaxies that are now slowly coalescing and undergoing strong secular evolution. We find evidence for possible feedback as revealed by accretion and minor merger events in two of the most evolved members.

  13. Optical Photometry of the flaring gamma-ray blazar AO 0235+164

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pursimo, Tapio; Losada, Illa R.; Messa, Matteo; Gafton, Emanuel; Ojha, Roopesh

    2016-03-01

    We report optical photometry of the blazar AO 0235+164 obtained with the 2.56m Nordic Optical Telescope in La Palma to look for any enhanced optical activity associated with a recent flare in the daily averaged gamma-ray flux seen in the public lightcurve of the Fermi/LAT instrument: http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/FTP/glast/data/lat/catalogs/asp/current/lightcurves/0235+164_86400.png Fermi/LAT first reported a detection of gamma-ray activity from this source in Sep, 2008 (ATel#1744) and a short timescale flare in Oct 14, 2008 (ATel#1784).

  14. The United States-Mexican War 1845-8, A Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-01-01

    Sep, 1979. REES, David. "Texas, Buena Vista, and the Mexican War," Journal of the Royal • United Service Institution, 105:525-9, Nov, 1960 . "•u...Military Service Institution, S 33:438-46, 1903. REMINGTON, Jessie A. "Mexican War, 1847," Military Enqineers, 52:7, Jan-Feb, 1960 . ROBERTS, Thomas D...Leon 2. -- j-,. Palo Alto 1,2*,3*,4*. 2. 3-5,8. Puebla 1847-2*,3, - 4. 62*. -S - Resaca de la Palma 1,2*,3*,4*. 2. 3-5,8. Tamaulipas 1846-1*,2*,4

  15. Creptotrema agonostomi n. sp. (Trematoda: Allocreadiidae) from the intestine of freshwater fish of México.

    PubMed

    Salgado-Maldonado, G; Cabañas-Carranza, G; Caspeta-Mandujano, J M

    1998-04-01

    Creptotrema agonostomi n. sp. is described from the mugilid fish Agonostomus monticola from Río Cuitzmala, Jalisco, east México, from Río Las Palmas and Río Máquinas, Veracruz, west México, and from the ictalurid, Ictalurus balsanus from Río Chontalcoatlán, Guerrero, east México. It is distinguished from other species of Creptotrema by its small size, large acetabulum with vertical incision, cirrus sac not reaching the posterior border of acetabulum, and very small eggs, measuring 0.041-0.057 x 0.020-0.033 mm.

  16. Severe Weather Guide - Mediterranean Ports - 31. Taormina

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    FRANCE 13 MONACO 14 ASHDOD, ISRAEL 15 HAIFA, ISRAEL 16 BARCELONA, SPAIN 17 PALMA , SPAIN 18 IBIZA, SPAIN 19 POLLENSA BAY, SPAIN 20 LIVORNO...active volcano , is located approximately 15 mi west-southwest of the Port. Figure 2-2. East Coast of Sicily 2-2 The Port of Taormina is located...2 mi inland often approaching 2,000 ft (610 m) . Mt. Etna, a 10,902 ft (3,323 m) active volcano , is located approximately 15 mi west-southwest of

  17. Deformation Analysis Employing the Coherent Pixel Technique and Envisat and ERS Images in Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arjona, A.; Monells, D.; Fernandez, J.; Duque, S.; Mallorqui, J.

    2010-03-01

    Geodetic measurements in volcanic areas are crucial as they serve as input information to the deformation analysis techniques in order to achieve pre-eruption ground displacement predictions. In particular, Satellite Radar Interferometry (InSAR) has been proven to be a useful and powerful tool in this kind of areas. We present some results obtained by applying the Coherent Pixel Technique, an Advanced Differential SAR Interferometry algorithm, which reveal surface deformation episodes in Canary Islands (La Palma and Tenerife Island). The study is carried out by employing DInSAR interferograms concerning the 1992-2008 period corresponding to both ascending and descending images acquired by the ENVISAT and ERS sensors.

  18. Monitoring of geological activity on astronomical sites of the Canary Islands, Hawaii, and Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eff-Darwich, Antonio; Garcia-Lorenzo, Begoña; Rodriguez-Losada, Jose A.; Hernández-Gutiérrez, Luis E.; de la Nuez, Julio; Romero-Ruiz, Maria C.

    2009-09-01

    Future large and extremely large ground-based telescopes will demand stable geological settings.Remote sensing could be an unvaluable tool to analyse the impact of geological activity at selected astronomical sites, namely the observatories of El Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), Roque de los Muchachos (La Palma, Canary Islands), Mauna Kea (Hawaii) and Paranal (Chile; the candidate site of Cerro Ventarrones, Chile). In this sense, the extent of lava flows, eruptive clouds or ground deformation associated to seismic and/or volcanic activity could be analysed and characterised through remote sensing.

  19. Severe Weather Guide - Mediterranean Ports. 30. Messina

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    HAIFA, ISRAEL TANGIER, MOROCCO 16 BARCELONA, SPAIN ALGIERS, ALGERIA 17 PALMA , SPAIN TUNIS, TUNISIA 18 IBIZA, SPAIN BIZERTE, TUNISIA 19 POLLENSA BAY...a 10,902 ft (3,323 m) active volcano , lies about 38 n mi southwest of the Port. ITALY / I Vess -a 1 CATANIA 5jLF N ~AffA C.11 AN I ISEA AUGUSTA...3,323 m) active volcano , lies about 38 n mi southwest of the Port. IMESSINA ..... 7 CATANIA SICILY GULF OF I NA CA TANIA INA SEA -37-N NAUTICAL MILE

  20. The PAU camera carbon fiber cryostat and filter interchange system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Luis; Padilla, Cristóbal; Cardiel-Sas, Laia; Ballester, Otger; Grañena, Ferràn; Majà, Ester; Castander, Francisco J.

    2016-08-01

    This paper describes the engineering and mechanical considerations in the design and construction of a carbon fiber containment vessel for a photometric camera. The camera is intended for installation on the 4 m William Herschel Telescope, located in Palma, Spain. The scientific objective of the camera system is to measure red-shifts of a large sample of galaxies using the photometric technique. The paper is broken down into sections, divided by the principal engineering challenges of the project; the carbon fiber vacuum vessel, the cooling systems and the precision movement systems.

  1. Bokeh mirror alignment for Cherenkov telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mueller, S. A.; Adam, J.; Ahnen, M. L.; Baack, D.; Balbo, M.; Bergmann, M.; Biland, A.; Blank, M.; Bretz, T.; Bruegge, K. A.; Buss, J.; Dmytriiev, A.; Dorner, D.; Einecke, S.; Hempfling, C.; Hildebrand, D.; Hughes, G.; Linhoff, L.; Mannheim, K.; Neise, D.; Neronov, A.; Noethe, M.; Paravac, A.; Pauss, F.; Rhode, W.; Shukla, A.; Temme, F.; Thaele, J.; Walter, R.

    2016-08-01

    Segmented imaging reflectors are a great choice for Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs). However, the alignment of the individual mirror facets is challenging. We align a segmented reflector by observing and optimizing its Bokeh function. Bokeh alignment can already be done with very little resources and little preparation time. Further, Bokeh alignment can be done anytime, even during the day. We present a first usage of Bokeh alignment on FACT, a 4m IACT on Canary Island La Palma, Spain and further a first Bokeh alignment test on the CTA MST IACT prototype in Brelin Adlershof.

  2. Mutual Coherence of Two Coupled Multiline Continuous-Wave HF Lasers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-07

    trace of P2(6) single-line fringe pattern. 8 REFERENCES 1. G. E. Palma and W. J . Fader, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum . Eng. 440, 153 (1983). 2. M. B...REPORT SD-TR-88-105 Mutual Coherence of Two Coupled 00 Multiline Continuous-Wave HF Lasers cvD J . M. BERNARD, R. A. CHODZKO, and H. MIRELS...Spencer and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Phys. Rev. A 5, 893 (1972). 3. W. W. Chow, Opt. Lett. 10, 442 (1984). 4. H. Mirels, Appl. Opt. 25, 2130 (1986). 5. D. J

  3. Star formation enhancement characteristics in interacting galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaragoza-Cardiel, J.; Beckman, J. E.; Font, J.; Camps-Fariña, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; Erroz-Ferrer, S.

    2015-02-01

    We have observed 12 interacting galaxies using the Fabry-Perot interferometer GHαFaS (Galaxy Hα Fabry-Perot system) on the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (La Palma). We have extracted the physical properties (sizes, Hα luminosity and velocity dispersion) of 236 HII regions for the full sample of interacting galaxies. We have derived the physical properties of 664 HII regions for a sample of 28 isolated galaxies observed with the same instrument in order to compare both populations of HII regions, finding that there are brighter and denser star forming regions in the interacting galaxies compared with the isolated galaxies sample.

  4. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Young stellar objects in NGC 6823 (Riaz+, 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riaz, B.; Martin, E. L.; Tata, R.; Monin, J.-L.; Phan-Bao, N.; Bouy, H.

    2016-10-01

    The optical V-, R- and I-band images were obtained using the Prime Focus camera [William Herschel Telescope (WHT)/Wide Field Camera (WFC) detector] mounted on 4-m WHT in La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. Observations were performed in 2005 May, The NIR J-, H-, Ks-band images were obtained using the Infrared Side Port Imager (ISPI) mounted on Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) 4-m Blanco Telescope in Cerro Tololo, Chile. Observations were performed in 2007 March. (3 data files).

  5. Gravity Binding and Pressure Bounding of Hii regions and Molecular Clouds in Interacting Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaragoza-Cardiel, J.; Beckman, J.; Font, J.; Camps-Fariña, A.; Garcìa-Lorenzo, B.; Serrano-Borlaff, A.

    We have observed 3 pairs of interacting galaxies (the Antennae, Arp 236, and NGC 1614) using the Fabry-Perot interferometer GHαFaS (Galaxy Hα Fabry-Perot system) on the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma. We have extracted the physical properties (sizes, Hα luminosity and velocity dispersion) of Hii regions. We have combined also these observations with ALMA archival observations of these interacting galaxies, finding that there is a set of brighter and denser star forming regions. We have been able to compare these properties with those of two SMGs at redshift ~ 2.

  6. The Angstrom Project: two new microlensing/nova transients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerins, Eamonn

    2008-11-01

    We report the discovery of two new optical transients in M31 by the Angstrom Project M31 bulge microlensing survey using the Liverpool Telescope (La Palma). These transients were discovered using difference imaging techniques by the Angstrom Project Alert System (APAS) in a series of Sloan i'-band images of the bulge of M31.

  7. The Angstrom Project: M31 microlensing alert ANG-08B-M31-07

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darnley, M. J.; Kerins, E.; Newsam, A. M.; Duke, J. P.; Gould, A.; Street, C. Han B.-G. Park R. A.

    2008-12-01

    We report an ongoing microlensing candidate in M31 by the Angstrom Project M31 bulge microlensing survey using the Liverpool Telescope (La Palma). The candidate was detected from difference imaging photometry generated by the Angstrom Project Alert System (APAS) in a series of Sloan i'-band images of the bulge of M31.

  8. The Angstrom Project: a new microlensing candidate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerins, E.; Darnley, M. J.; Newsam, A. M.; Duke, J. P.; Gould, A.; Street, C. Han B.-G. Park R. A.

    2008-12-01

    We report the discovery of a new microlensing candidate in M31 by the Angstrom Project M31 bulge microlensing survey using the Liverpool Telescope (La Palma). The candidate was discovered using difference imaging techniques by the Angstrom Project Alert System (APAS) in a series of Sloan i'-band images of the bulge of M31.

  9. Temporal characterization of atmospheric turbulence with the Generalized Seeing Monitor instrument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ziad, A.; Borgnino, J.; Dali Ali, W.; Berdja, A.; Maire, J.; Martin, F.

    2012-04-01

    The temporal behavior of atmospheric turbulence has been analyzed by means of angle-of-arrival (AA) fluctuation measurements. The temporal evolution of the main atmospheric optical parameters (AOP) have been studied in order to determine their stability. This is of interest because these AOP are necessary for the optimization of high angular resolution techniques. A new method of coherence time τ0 monitoring with the Generalized Seeing Monitor (GSM) is presented and the measurements obtained at major sites over the world are presented (La Silla, Cerro Pachon, Paranal, San Pedro Mártir, Mt Palomar, Mauna Kea, La Palma, Oukaïmeden, Maydanak).

  10. Impact of turbulence in long range quantum and classical communications.

    PubMed

    Capraro, Ivan; Tomaello, Andrea; Dall'Arche, Alberto; Gerlin, Francesca; Ursin, Ruper; Vallone, Giuseppe; Villoresi, Paolo

    2012-11-16

    The study of the free-space distribution of quantum correlations is necessary for any future application of quantum and classical communication aiming to connect two remote locations. Here we study the propagation of a coherent laser beam over 143 km (between Tenerife and La Palma Islands of the Canary archipelagos). By attenuating the beam we also studied the propagation at the single photon level. We investigated the statistic of arrival of the incoming photons and the scintillation of the beam. From the analysis of the data, we propose the exploitation of turbulence to improve the signal to noise ratio of the signal.

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Kinematics of Arp 270 (NGC 3395) (Zaragoza-Cardiel+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaragoza-Cardiel, J.; Font-Serra, J.; Beckman, J. E.; Blasco-Herrera, J.; Garcia-Lorenzo, B.; Camps, A.; Gonzalez-Martin, O.; Ramos Almeida, C.; Loiseau, N.; Gutierrez, L.

    2013-03-01

    We have observed the Arp 270 system (NGC 3395 and NGC 3396) in Hα emission using the Galaxy Hα Fabry-Perot spectrometer on the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (La Palma). In NGC 3396, which is edge-on to us, we detect gas inflow towards the centre, and also axially confined opposed outflows, characteristic of galactic superwinds, and we go on to examine the possibility that there is a shrouded AGN in the nucleus. The combination of surface brightness, velocity and velocity dispersion information enabled us to measure the radii, FWHM, and the masses of 108 HII regions in both galaxies. (3 data files).

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Detached M dwarf eclipsing binaries in WTS (Birkby+, 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birkby, J.; Nefs, B.; Hodgkin, S.; Kovacs, G.; Sipocz, B.; Pinfield, D.; Snellen, I.; Mislis, D.; Murgas, F.; Lodieu, N.; de Mooij, E.; Goulding, N.; Cruz, P.; Stoev, H.; Cappetta, M.; Palle, E.; Barrado, D.; Saglia, R.; Martin, E.; Pavlenko, Y.

    2013-04-01

    We identified our new MEBs using observations from the WTS (WFCAM Transit Survey). The WTS is an ongoing photometric monitoring campaign that operates on the 3.8-m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) at Mauna Kea, Hawaii. The survey began on 2007 August 5, and the eclipsing systems presented in this paper are all found in just one of the four WTS fields. Photometric follow-up observations to help test and refine our light-curve models were obtained in the Sloan i band using the Wide-Field Camera (WFC) on the 2.5-m INT at Roque de Los Muchachos, La Palma. (6 data files).

  13. A Novel 3D Hybrid FEM-PO Technique for the Analysis of Scattering Problems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-04-23

    Magdalena Salazar-Palma3 Tapan K. Sarkar4 1Departamento de Ingeniería Audiovisual y Comunicaciones , Universidad Politécnica de Madrid 2Departamento de...Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones , Universidad de Alcalá Escuela Politécnica, Campus Universitario, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600 28806 Alcalá de...NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Departamento de Ingeniería Audiovisual y Comunicaciones , Universidad Politécnica de

  14. A New Subdwarf-OB Pulsator J23341+4622

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pakštiene, E.; Qvam, J. K. T.; Østensen, R. H.; Telting, J. H.

    2014-12-01

    A new sdOB variable star, J23341+4622 (SDSS J233406.10+462249.3), was discovered during photometric observations with the Nordic Optical Telescope (La Palma). We found its main pulsation frequency at 7422(±9) μHz with an amplitude of 4.5(±0.5) mma. The star is possibly a complex pulsator, as we found another significant peak at 7759(±11) μHz with an amplitude of 2.0(±0.3) mma and a possible subharmonic of the main frequency at 3508 μHz with an amplitude of 2.3 mma.

  15. Results of the JOSE site evaluation project for adaptive optics at the William Herschel Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, R.

    1998-11-01

    Results are presented from a long-term study of the seeing properties at the William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. The measurements have been made over a two-year period using a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor equipped with high frame-rate CCD camera. The aim of the campaign is to characterize those aspects of the seeing relevant to the design and performance of astronomical adaptive optical systems for the WHT. Statistical results are presented for the value of Fried's parameter, power spectra of Zernike mode coefficients, isoplanatism and the outer scale of turbulence.

  16. Optical activity of the flaring gamma-ray blazar PKS 0458-02

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pursimo, Tapio; Ojha, Roopesh; Kiaeerad, Fatemeh

    2012-09-01

    We report optical photometry of the high redshift (z=2.286 Strittmatter et al. 1974, ApJ, 190, 509) flat spectrum radio quasar PKS 0458-02 obtained with the 2.56m Nordic Optical Telescope in La Palma. This superluminal FSRQ (apparent speed of 16.51c; Lister et al. 2009, AJ, 138,1874), is also known as 2FGL J0501.2-0155 (Nolan et al. 2012, ApJS, 199, 31) and was reported to be 30 times brighter than its average daily Fermi/LAT (E > 100 MeV) flux on 17 September (Atel#4396).

  17. Atmospheric Monitoring at the Site of the MAGIC Telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Will, Martin

    The MAGIC telescopes in La Palma, Canary Islands, measure the Cherenkov light emitted by gamma ray-induced extended air showers in the atmosphere. The good knowledge of the atmospheric parameters is important, both for the correct and safe operations of the telescopes, but also for subsequent data analysis. A weather station measures the state variables of the atmosphere, temperature, humidity and wind, an elastic Lidar system and an infrared pyrometer determine the optical transmission of the atmosphere. Using an AllSky camera, the cloud cover can be estimated. The measured values are completed by data from global atmospheric models based on numeric weather forecasts.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Spectroscopic survey of Kepler stars. I. (Niemczura+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niemczura, E.; Murphy, S. J.; Smalley, B.; Uytterhoeven, K.; Pigulski, A.; Lehmann, H.; Bowman, D. M.; Catanzaro, G.; van Aarle, E.; Bloemen, S.; Briquet, M.; De Cat, P.; Drobek, D.; Eyer, L.; Gameiro, J. F. S.; Gorlova, N.; Kaminski, K.; Lampens, P.; Marcos-Arenal, P.; Papics, P. I.; Vandenbussche, B.; van Winckel, H.; Steslicki, M.; Fagas, M.

    2015-11-01

    In this paper we analyse high-resolution spectra taken with the cross-dispersed, fibre-fed echelle spectrograph HERMES (High Efficiency and Resolution Mercator Echelle Spectrograph) attached to the 1.2-m Mercator Telescope located on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). The spectra have a resolving power R~85000 and cover the spectral range from 3770 to 9000Å. The typical signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio for an individual spectrum at 5500Å is 80-100. (4 data files).

  19. Gravity wave observations using an all-sky imager network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wrasse, Cristiano Max; Almeida, Lazaro M.; Abalde Guede, Jose Ricardo; Fagundes, Paulo Roberto; Nicoli Candido, Claudia Maria; Alves Bolzan, Maurício José; Guarnieri, Fernando; Messias Almeida, Lazaro

    Gravity waves in the mesosphere were observed by airglow all-sky imager network of the UNI- VAP at São José dos Campos (23o S, 45o W), Braśpolis (22o S, 45o W) and Palmas (10o S, 48o W), a e o Brazil. Gravity wave characteristics like morphology, horizontal wavelength, period, phase speed and propagation direction will be analysed and discussed. The results will be compared with other observation sites in Brazil. Wave directionality will also be discussed in terms of wave sources and wind filtering.

  20. Biologically active acylglycerides from the berries of saw-palmetto (Serenoa repens).

    PubMed

    Shimada, H; Tyler, V E; McLaughlin, J L

    1997-04-01

    Brine shrimp lethality-directed fractionation of the 95% EtOH extract of the powdered, dried berries of Serenoa repens (Bart.) Small (saw-palmetto) (Palmae) led to the isolation of two monoacylglycerides, 1-monolaurin (1) and 1-monomyristin (2). Compounds 1 and 2 showed moderate biological activities in the brine shrimp lethality test and against renal (A-498) and pancreatic (PACA-2) human tumor cells; borderline cytotoxicity was exhibited against human prostatic (PC-3) cells. The fruits and extracts of saw-palmetto are taken orally as an herbal medicine to prevent prostatic hyperplasias.

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: MC2: SFR in CIZA J2242.8+5301 (Sobral+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobral, D.; Stroe, A.; Dawson, W. A.; Wittman, D.; Jee, M. J.; Rottgering, H.; van Weeren, R. J.; Bruggen, M.

    2015-11-01

    We conducted a spectroscopic survey of the Sausage cluster with the DEIMOS on the Keck II 10-m telescope over two observing runs on 2013 July 14 and 2013 September 5. For full details on the observations and data reduction, see Dawson et al. (2015, Cat. J/ApJ/805/143). We followed up 103 candidate line emitters from Stroe et al. (2015MNRAS.450..646S) using AF2 on the WHT in La Palma on two nights during 2014 July 2-3. (1 data file).

  2. PSR J1023+0038: phase-resolved optical spectroscopy and continued X-ray activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linares, M.; Casares, J.; Rodriguez-Gil, P.; Shahbaz, T.

    2014-02-01

    After the state change of the binary millisecond pulsar PSR J1023+0038 in mid 2013 (ATels #5513, #5514, #5515, #5516, #5534), we performed orbital phase resolved optical spectroscopy in order to study the evolution of the emission lines and constrain the properties of the accretion disk during the ongoing active period. We obtained 22 low-resolution (ACAM, spectral resolution ~ 400 km/s) spectra of the system using the 4-meter William Herschel Telescope on La Palma on 2013-12-16 starting at 02:34 UTC, covering about 85% of the (4.8 hr) binary orbit.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Optical spectra of IGR J21343+4738 (Reig+, 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reig, P.; Zezas, A.

    2013-11-01

    Optical spectra of IGR J21343+4738. Optical spectroscopic and photometric observations of the optical counterpart to the INTEGRAL source IGR J21343+4738 were obtained from the 1.3m telescope of the Skinakas observatory (SKO) on the island of Crete (Greece) and from the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory (FLWO) at Mt. Hopkins (Arizona). In addition, IGR J21343+4738 was observed in service time with the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) at the El Roque de los Muchachos observatory in La Palma (Spain). (2 data files).

  4. A Sauron Study of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies in the Virgo Cluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryś, A.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Koleva, M.

    2011-07-01

    Dwarf elliptical galaxies are the most common galaxy type in nearby galaxy clusters, yet they remain relatively poorly studied objects and many of their basic properties have yet to be quantified. In this contribution we present the preliminary results of a study of 4 Virgo and 1 field galaxy obtained with the SAURON integral field unit on the William Herschel Telescope (La Palma). While traditional long-slit observations are likely to miss more complicated kinematic features, with SAURON we are able to study both kinematics and stellar populations in two dimensions, obtaining a much more detailed view of the mass distribution and star formation histories.

  5. Modelling and prediction of non-stationary optical turbulence behaviour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doelman, Niek; Osborn, James

    2016-07-01

    There is a strong need to model the temporal fluctuations in turbulence parameters, for instance for scheduling, simulation and prediction purposes. This paper aims at modelling the dynamic behaviour of the turbulence coherence length r0, utilising measurement data from the Stereo-SCIDAR instrument installed at the Isaac Newton Telescope at La Palma. Based on an estimate of the power spectral density function, a low order stochastic model to capture the temporal variability of r0 is proposed. The impact of this type of stochastic model on the prediction of the coherence length behaviour is shown.

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ubvy photometry of NGC2419 (Frank+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frank, M. J.; Koch, A.; Feltzing, S.; Kacharov, N.; Wilkinson, M. I.; Irwin, M.

    2015-07-01

    Imaging of NGC 2419 in the intermediate-band Stromgren filters u, b, v and y was obtained in February 2012 using the Wide Field Camera (WFC) at the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, La Palma, Spain. The resulting photometric catalog containing 1197 detections in the unvignetted field of the camera, passing basic quality cuts (magnitude uncertainty, sharpness, {chi}) in all four filters is made available here. It covers NGC 2419 out to about 25 arcmin, several times beyond its tidal radius, but is incomplete in the cluster centre due to crowding. (1 data file).

  7. Discovery of Five Probable Novae in M81

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornoch, K.; Errmann, R.; Sowicka, P.; Humphries, N.; Vaduvescu, O.

    2015-10-01

    We report the discovery of five probable novae in M81 on a co-added 2000-s narrow-band H-alpha CCD image taken with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) + WFC at La Palma under ~1.5" seeing on 2015 Oct. 14.198 UT. The new objects are well visible on the co-added image (see the finding charts linked below), but are not present on numerous narrow-band H-alpha archival images from the INT down to limiting magnitude as faint as H-alpha = 22.3.

  8. Nidia Diaz, Guerrilla Commander

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    and was part of logistics.”18 She returned to Guatemala after the offensive to have her son Jose Alejandro, who was born on 2 June 1981, 5 weeks...FMLN delegation that participated in the peace talks with President Duarte at La Palma. Upon her return, she was sent to command the San Vicente ...exercised her military skills while in the field where she commanded the guerrillas in the province of San Vicente . Her work there can be compared to that of

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Spectra of IPHAS symbiotic stars (Rodriguez-Flores+, 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez-Flores, E. R.; Corradi, R. L. M.; Mampaso, A.; Garcia-Alvarez, D.; Munari, U.; Greimel, R.; Rubio-Diez, M. M.; Santander-Garcia, M.

    2014-04-01

    We obtained spectra for 18 candidate symbiotic stars in May, June, and December 2012 at the 10.4m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (La Palma, Spain). The OSIRIS instrument was used in its long-slit mode. The combination of grism R1000B and a slit width of 1" provides a spectral dispersion of 2.1Å per (binned x2) pixel, a resolution of 7Å, and a spectral coverage from 3650 to 7850Å. Exposure times ranged between 100s and 800s, depending of the magnitude of each object. (2 data files).

  10. Integral Field Spectroscopy and multi-wavelength imaging of nearby spiral galaxies: NGC 5668 as a pilot case for MEGARA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marino, R. A.; Gil de Paz, A.; Castillo-Morales, A.; Muñoz-Mateos, J. C.; Sánchez, S. F.; Pérez-González, P. G.; Zamorano, J.; Gallego, J.; Alonso-Herrero, A.; Kannappan, S.; Boissier, S.; Eliche-Moral, M. C.; García-Vargas, M. L.; Carrasco, E.; Vílchez, J. M.; Sánchez-Moreno, F. M.

    2013-05-01

    MEGARA (Multi-Espectrógrafo en GTC de Alta Resolución para Astronomía) is an optical Integral-Field Unit (IFU) and Multi-Object Spectrograph (MOS) designed for the GTC 10.4 m telescope in La Palma. MEGARA will be a 3rd generation instrument for GTC. It is led by the University Complutense of Madrid with the collaboration of INAOE, IAA, UPM and comprises more than 50 researchers from a large number of institutions worldwide.

  11. Data Reduction Pipeline for EMIR, the Near-IR Multi-Object Spectrograph for GTC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pascual, S.; Gallego, J.; Cardiel, N.; Zamorano, J.; Gorgas, F. J.; García-Dabó, C. E.; Gil de Paz, A.

    2006-07-01

    EMIR is a near-infrared wide-field camera and multi-object spectrograph being built for the 10.4m Spanish telescope (Gran Telescopio Canarias, GTC) at La Palma Observatory. The Data Reduction Pipeline, which is being designed and built by the EMIR Universidad Complutense de Madrid group, will be optimized for handling and reducing near-infrared data acquired with EMIR. Both reduced data and associated error frames will be delivered to the end-users as a final product.

  12. A Fully GTC-Compliant Pipeline for the Direct Imaging Mode of EMIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pascual, S.; Gallego, J.; Cardiel, N.

    EMIR is a near-infrared wide-field camera and multi-object spectrograph being built for the 10.4m Spanish telescope (Gran Telescopio Canarias, GTC) at La Palma Observatory. The Data Factory Pipeline (DFP) will be optimized for handling and reducing near-infrared data acquired with EMIR. Both reduced data and associated error frames will be delivered to the end-users as a final product. The DFP is being designed and built by the EMIR Universidad Complutense de Madrid group.

  13. Pre discovery R band limits for SN 2017aew

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steele, I. A.; Newsam, A. M.

    2017-05-01

    A 90 second R band image of the galaxy NGC6948 was obtained on 2017 May 06 at 04:13UT using the 2.0m Liverpool Telescope, La Palma. The image was obtained by the National Schools Observatory on behalf of St Anne's Catholic School, Southampton, UK. Inspection of the image shows no source visible at the co-ordinates of SN 2017aew (ATel #10381) down to a limit of R=21.2 (photometry calibrated with respect to the nearby USNO object 1501-0283085).

  14. American trypanosomiasis, or Chagas disease, in Panama: a chronological synopsis of ecological and epidemiological research.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, Indra G; Loaiza, Jose R

    2017-10-10

    American trypanosomiasis, or Chagas disease, is a growing public health problem in Panama, and further forest degradation due to human population growth is expected to worsen the situation. Most people infected with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi are silently ill, and their life expectancy is severely compromised, which contributes to further deterioration of living conditions in endemic regions. Here, we review the outcomes of nearly 100 years of ecological and epidemiological investigation about Chagas disease in Panama, in an attempt to highlight progress, identify needs, and re-orient future efforts. Rhodnius pallescens and Triatoma dimidiata are both primary vectors of T. cruzi in Panama, but R. pallescens seems more efficient in human-altered forest ecosystems due to a greater degree of association with Attalea butyracea. In contrast, T. dimidiata transmits T. cruzi efficiently under more sylvatic conditions (e.g. settlements inside old-growth or secondary forest patches), where its populations reach considerable numbers irrespective of the absence of A. butyracea. A trend of increasing forest degradation, suburbanization, and development of tourism in Panama favoring the establishment of A. butyracea and other palm tree species (Acrocomia sp.) suggests that a colonist species like R. pallescens will continue to play a more prominent role in the transmission of T. cruzi than a forest specialist like T. dimidiata. However, studies about the taxonomic status and ecology of these vectors are still needed in Panama to address their transmission potential fully. The implementation of an active surveillance system and education programs could greatly minimize the risk of Chagas disease transmission in Panama, preventing fatal infections in children from endemic areas.

  15. Estimating babassu palm density using automatic palm tree detection with very high spatial resolution satellite images.

    PubMed

    Dos Santos, Alessio Moreira; Mitja, Danielle; Delaître, Eric; Demagistri, Laurent; de Souza Miranda, Izildinha; Libourel, Thérèse; Petit, Michel

    2017-05-15

    High spatial resolution images as well as image processing and object detection algorithms are recent technologies that aid the study of biodiversity and commercial plantations of forest species. This paper seeks to contribute knowledge regarding the use of these technologies by studying randomly dispersed native palm tree. Here, we analyze the automatic detection of large circular crown (LCC) palm tree using a high spatial resolution panchromatic GeoEye image (0.50 m) taken on the area of a community of small agricultural farms in the Brazilian Amazon. We also propose auxiliary methods to estimate the density of the LCC palm tree Attalea speciosa (babassu) based on the detection results. We used the "Compt-palm" algorithm based on the detection of palm tree shadows in open areas via mathematical morphology techniques and the spatial information was validated using field methods (i.e. structural census and georeferencing). The algorithm recognized individuals in life stages 5 and 6, and the extraction percentage, branching factor and quality percentage factors were used to evaluate its performance. A principal components analysis showed that the structure of the studied species differs from other species. Approximately 96% of the babassu individuals in stage 6 were detected. These individuals had significantly smaller stipes than the undetected ones. In turn, 60% of the stage 5 babassu individuals were detected, showing significantly a different total height and a different number of leaves from the undetected ones. Our calculations regarding resource availability indicate that 6870 ha contained 25,015 adult babassu palm tree, with an annual potential productivity of 27.4 t of almond oil. The detection of LCC palm tree and the implementation of auxiliary field methods to estimate babassu density is an important first step to monitor this industry resource that is extremely important to the Brazilian economy and thousands of families over a large scale. Copyright

  16. Modeling disease vector occurrence when detection is imperfect: infestation of Amazonian palm trees by triatomine bugs at three spatial scales.

    PubMed

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Ferraz, Gonçalo; Campos, Ciro; Palomeque, Francisco S; Grijalva, Mario J; Aguilar, H Marcelo; Miles, Michael A

    2010-03-02

    Failure to detect a disease agent or vector where it actually occurs constitutes a serious drawback in epidemiology. In the pervasive situation where no sampling technique is perfect, the explicit analytical treatment of detection failure becomes a key step in the estimation of epidemiological parameters. We illustrate this approach with a study of Attalea palm tree infestation by Rhodnius spp. (Triatominae), the most important vectors of Chagas disease (CD) in northern South America. The probability of detecting triatomines in infested palms is estimated by repeatedly sampling each palm. This knowledge is used to derive an unbiased estimate of the biologically relevant probability of palm infestation. We combine maximum-likelihood analysis and information-theoretic model selection to test the relationships between environmental covariates and infestation of 298 Amazonian palm trees over three spatial scales: region within Amazonia, landscape, and individual palm. Palm infestation estimates are high (40-60%) across regions, and well above the observed infestation rate (24%). Detection probability is higher ( approximately 0.55 on average) in the richest-soil region than elsewhere ( approximately 0.08). Infestation estimates are similar in forest and rural areas, but lower in urban landscapes. Finally, individual palm covariates (accumulated organic matter and stem height) explain most of infestation rate variation. Individual palm attributes appear as key drivers of infestation, suggesting that CD surveillance must incorporate local-scale knowledge and that peridomestic palm tree management might help lower transmission risk. Vector populations are probably denser in rich-soil sub-regions, where CD prevalence tends to be higher; this suggests a target for research on broad-scale risk mapping. Landscape-scale effects indicate that palm triatomine populations can endure deforestation in rural areas, but become rarer in heavily disturbed urban settings. Our

  17. Influence of the palm tree species on the variability of Rhodnius nasutus Stål, 1859 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae).

    PubMed

    Dias, Fernando Braga Stehling; Paula, Alexandre Silva de; Belisário, Carlota Josefovicz; Lorenzo, Marcelo Gustavo; Bezerra, Cláudia Mendonça; Harry, Myriam; Diotaiuti, Liléia

    2011-07-01

    This work evaluated the occurrence and genetic structure of Rhodnius nasutus sampled in two sites using morphometry and microsatellites. These sites, presented distinct abiotic features and palm trees: (i) nine Attalea speciosa palm trees, so called babaçu, were sampled from the Meruoca Mountain Ridge, a sloping region of reminiscent forest in the state of Ceará, Brazil, and (ii) 17 Copernicia prunifera palm trees, so called carnaúba, were sampled in the scrub savanna region (Sobral district) that surrounds the mountain ridge. Of the twenty-six palm trees dissected, 70.6% of carnauba and 88.9% of babaçu were infested by R. nasutus. The micro-climatic data where R. nasutus were sheltered demonstrated that the babaçu and carnaúba palm trees presented significant differences (p < 0.05) in relation to the external environment, except for temperature and relative humidity regulation, suggesting that the architecture of the babaçu crown keeps a more stable micro-environment. The morphometric studies of the F1 generation demonstrated that insects from the babaçu (A. speciosa) were significantly larger (p = 0.000) than those collected in carnaúba (C. prunifera) palm trees. Also, microsatellite analysis demonstrated a high genetic differentiation between the two groups of R. nasutus (R(st) = -0.77). Our results suggest that the difference in size between the populations is probably related to an incipient process of genetic drift in populations associated to each palm tree, probably also driven by the different climatic features observed in these micro-environments. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Hormonal profile and the role of cell expansion in the germination control of Cerrado biome palm seeds.

    PubMed

    Dias, Daiane Souza; Ribeiro, Leonardo Monteiro; Lopes, Paulo Sérgio Nascimento; Munné-Bosch, Sergi; Garcia, Queila Souza

    2017-09-01

    Little information is currently available concerning the mechanisms controlling palm seed germination. We compared the anatomical and physiological aspects of seeds of two neotropical palm species showing different levels of dormancy. The seeds of Attalea vitrivir and Butia capitata were evaluated for the endogenous contents of hormones (ABA, GAs, CKs, BRs, IAA, JA, SA and the ethylene precursor ACC) in their cotyledonary petiole and operculum (structures involved in germination control), the force necessary to displace the operculum, endo-β-mannanase activities, and embryo cell elongation. The analyses were carried out on with intact dry and imbibed seeds as well as with seeds with the operculum mechanically removed, 2, 5 and 10 days after sowing. The germinabilities of the intact seeds of A. vitrivir and B. capitata were 68% and 3%, respectively; the removal of the operculum increased germination to more than 90% in both species. Reductions of ABA and increases in GAs contents coincided with cell elongation, although there is no evidence that hormonal balance and endo-β-mannanase activity are involved in operculum weakening. The ratio between the embryo length and the force required for operculum displacement (EL/OF) was found to be 1.9 times greater in A. vitrivir than in B. capitata, which means that very small elongations in each cell would be sufficient to promote germination, resulting in a lower level of dormancy in the former species. EL/OF and cell growth control are therefore important for defining dormancy level in palm seeds. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Restriction limits and main drivers of fruit production in palm in central Amazonia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Cintia; Costa, Flávia R. C.; Barbosa, Carlos Eduardo; Cintra, Renato

    2016-11-01

    Adult plants incapable of producing viable offspring inflate our perception of the size of population distribution. We propose that species occurrence is limited to a subset of the environmental gradient and that it changes as ontogenetic development progresses. Moreover, fruit production is associated with site-specific environmental conditions. We sampled 2988 adult individuals from nine palm species in 30 plots (40 × 250 m) and used a larger data set including 42 other plots distributed along a continuous topo-edaphic gradient in a terra firme forest near Manaus, Brazil. Five out of nine palm species were more restricted to a sub-section of the topo-edaphic gradient in the adult-size phase. More specifically, reproductive individuals of species Attalea attaleoides and A. microcarpa had even more restricted distributions than adult-sized, non-reproductive plants. Successive environmental filtering and competition probably acting through selective mortality led to increasing habitat restriction, with reproductive adults being restricted to a smaller part of the region than juveniles and adults. Water availability and nutrients limited both the ability to produce fruits and the amount of fruit production. Previous studies have reported stronger habitat associations for older plants than for seedlings or juveniles, but we show here that some species are more restricted at their reproductive stage. Plant specializations to local conditions may be more common than currently acknowledged, and a significant portion of individuals in a population might represent sinks. Such strong environmental limitations of reproductive plants should also be considered in management of species with economic value and in conservation planning.

  20. [Comparison of the life cycles of Rhodnius colombiensis Moreno, Jurberg & Galvão, 1999 and R. prolixus Stal, 1872 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) under laboratory conditions].

    PubMed

    Arévalo, Andrea; Carranza, Julio César; Guhl, Felipe; Clavijo, Jairo Alfonso; Vallejo, Gustavo Adolfo

    2007-01-01

    Rhodnius colombiensis is a sylvatic triatomine associated with wine palm trees (Attalea butyracea) in the high basin of the Magdalena river (Colombia). The frequent invasion of these vectors into human dwellings and the high prevalences of natural infection with Trypanosoma cruzi of these insects suggest an important role in the transmission of Chagas disease. The length of the life cycles of R. colombiensis and R. prolixus under laboratory conditions were compared. Ninety-two individuals for each species were studied. The mean duration time of each stage, the number of bloodmeals for each stage, the percentage of mortality, the cause of death, the mean of eggs laid by female, the number of fertile eggs and the longevity of adults were recorded. The mean duration time of all stages of R. colombiensis was higher than in R. prolixus, producing significant differences in the overall time from egg to adult. The mean of total eggs and fertile eggs showed significant differences, being higher in R. prolixus than in R. colombiensis. The total mortality was 31.5% for R. colombiensis and 6.5% for R. prolixus. The longevity of females was higher in R. prolixus. The stages of R. prolixus are of relatively short duration. In general, the nymphs take fewer bloodmeals than R. colombiensis, the adults take more bloodmeals and oviposit a larger number of fertile eggs, and females have a greater longevity. These parameters indicated that R. prolixus has superior reproductive success in comparison with R. colombiensis under the experimental conditions used. These new life cycle data of R. colombiensis will be useful for maintenance of laboratory colonies.

  1. Field evaluation of traditionally used plant-based insect repellents and fumigants against the malaria vector Anopheles darlingi in Riberalta, Bolivian Amazon.

    PubMed

    Moore, Sarah J; Hill, Nigel; Ruiz, Carmen; Cameron, Mary M

    2007-07-01

    Inexpensive insect repellents may be needed to supplement the use of impregnated bed-nets in the Amazon region, where the primary malaria vector, Anopheles darlingi (Root), is exophilic and feeds in the early evening. Three plants that are traditionally used to repel mosquitoes in Riberalta, Bolivian Amazon, were identified by focus group, and then they were tested against An. darlingi as well as Mansonia indubitans (Dyar & Shannon)/Mansonia titillans (Walker). Cymbopogon citratus (Staph), Guatemalan lemongrass, essential oil at 25% was used as a skin repellent, and it provided 74% protection for 2.5 h against predominantly An. darlingi and 95% protection for 2.5 h against Mansonia spp. Attalea princeps (name not verified) husks, burned on charcoal in the traditional way provided 35 and 51% protection against An. darlingi and Mansonia spp., respectively. Kerosene lamps, often used to light rural homes, were used as a heat source to volatilize 100% Mentha arvensis (Malinv ex. Bailey) essential oil, and they reduced biting by 41% inside traditional homes against Mansonia spp., although they were ineffective outdoors against An. darlingi. All three plant-based repellents provided significant protection compared with controls. Plant-based repellents, although less effective than synthetic alternatives, were shown by focus groups to be more culturally acceptable in this setting, in particular para-menthane-3, 8, idol derived from lemon eucalyptus, Corymbia citriodora (Hook). Plant-based repellents have the potential to be produced locally and therefore sold more cheaply than synthetic commercial repellents. Importantly, their low cost may encourage user compliance among indigenous and marginalized populations.

  2. Systematic screening of plant extracts from the Brazilian Pantanal with antimicrobial activity against bacteria with cariogenic relevance.

    PubMed

    Brighenti, F L; Salvador, M J; Delbem, Alberto Carlos Botazzo; Delbem, Ádina Cleia Bottazzo; Oliveira, M A C; Soares, C P; Freitas, L S F; Koga-Ito, C Y

    2014-01-01

    This study proposes a bioprospection methodology regarding the antimicrobial potential of plant extracts against bacteria with cariogenic relevance. Sixty extracts were obtained from ten plants--(1) Jatropha weddelliana, (2) Attalea phalerata, (3) Buchenavia tomentosa, (4) Croton doctoris, (5) Mouriri elliptica, (6) Mascagnia benthamiana, (7) Senna aculeata, (8) Unonopsis guatterioides, (9) Allagoptera leucocalyx and (10) Bactris glaucescens--using different extraction methods - (A) 70° ethanol 72 h/25°C, (B) water 5 min/100°C, (C) water 1 h/55°C, (D) water 72 h/25°C, (E) hexane 72 h/25°C and (F) 90° ethanol 72 h/25°C. The plants were screened for antibacterial activity at 50 mg/ml using the agar well diffusion test against Actinomyces naeslundii ATCC 19039, Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356, Streptococcus gordonii ATCC 10558, Streptococcus mutans ATCC 35688, Streptococcus sanguinis ATCC 10556, Streptococcus sobrinus ATCC 33478 and Streptococcus mitis ATCC 9811. The active extracts were tested to determine their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), cytotoxicity and chemical characterization. Forty-seven extracts (78%) were active against at least one microorganism. Extract 4A demonstrated the lowest MIC and MBC for all microorganisms except S. gordonii and the extract at MIC concentration was non-cytotoxic. The concentrated extracts were slightly cytotoxic. Electrospray ionization with tandem mass spectrometry analyses demonstrated that the extract constituents coincided with the mass of the terpenoids and phenolics. Overall, the best results were obtained for extraction methods A, B and C. The present work proved the antimicrobial activity of several plants. Particularly, extracts from C. doctoris were the most active against bacteria involved in dental caries disease.

  3. Ecology, evolution, and the long-term surveillance of vector-borne Chagas disease: a multi-scale appraisal of the tribe Rhodniini (Triatominae).

    PubMed

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Monteiro, Fernando A; Jaramillo O, Nicolás; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo; Dias, Fernando Braga Stehling; Diotaiuti, Liléia

    2009-01-01

    Chagas disease incidence has sharply declined over the last decade. Long-term disease control will, however, require extensive, longitudinal surveillance systems capable of detecting (and dealing with) reinvasion-reinfestation of insecticide-treated dwellings by non-domiciliated triatomines. Sound surveillance design calls for reliable data on vector ecology, and these data must cover different spatial scales. We conducted a multi-scale assessment of ecological and evolutionary trends in members of the tribe Rhodniini, including (i) a macroscale analysis of Rhodniini species richness and composition patterns across the Americas, and (ii) a detailed, mesoscale case-study of ecological and behavioural trends in Rhodnius neglectus and R. nasutus. Our macroscale overview provides some comprehensive insights about key mechanisms/processes probably underlying ecological and genetic diversification in the Rhodniini. These insights translate into a series of testable hypotheses about current species distributions and their likely causes. At the landscape scale, we used geometric morphometrics to identify dubious specimens as either R. neglectus or R. nasutus (two near-sibling species), and studied palm tree populations of these two vector taxa in five geographical areas. The data suggest that deforestation and the associated loss of habitat and host diversity might increase the frequency of vector-human contact (and perhaps Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates in vectors). Surveillance in central-northeastern Brazil should prioritise deforested landscapes where large palm trees (e.g., Attalea, Mauritia, Copernicia, Acrocomia or Syagrus) occur near houses. We anticipate that, by helping define the distribution patterns and ecological preferences of each species, multi-scale research will significantly strengthen vector surveillance systems across Latin America.

  4. Consequences of frugivore-mediated seed dispersal for the spatial and genetic structures of a neotropical palm.

    PubMed

    Choo, Juanita; Juenger, T E; Simpson, B B

    2012-02-01

    The idiosyncratic behaviours of seed dispersers are important contributors to plant spatial associations and genetic structures. In this study, we used a combination of field, molecular and spatial studies to examine the connections between seed dispersal and the spatial and genetic structures of a dominant neotropical palm Attalea phalerata. Field observation and genetic parentage analysis both indicated that the majority of A. phalerata seeds were dispersed locally over short distances (<30 m from the maternal tree). Spatial and genetic structures between adults and seedlings were consistent with localized and short-distance seed dispersal. Dispersal contributed to spatial associations among maternal sibling seedlings and strong spatial and genetic structures in both seedlings dispersed near (<10 m) and away (>10 m) from maternal palms. Seedlings were also spatially aggregated with juveniles. These patterns are probably associated with the dispersal of seeds by rodents and the survival of recruits at specific microsites or neighbourhoods over successive fruiting periods. Our cross-cohort analyses found palms in older cohorts and cohort pairs were associated with a lower proportion of offspring and sibling neighbours and exhibited weaker spatial and genetic structures. Such patterns are consistent with increased distance- and density-dependent mortality over time among palms dispersed near maternal palms or siblings. The integrative approaches used for this study allowed us to infer the importance of seed dispersal activities in maintaining the aggregated distribution and significant genetic structures among A. phalerata palms. We further conclude that distance- and density-dependent mortality is a key postdispersal process regulating this palm population.

  5. Risks associated with dispersive nocturnal flights of sylvatic Triatominae to artificial lights in a model house in the northeastern plains of Colombia.

    PubMed

    Jácome-Pinilla, David; Hincapie-Peñaloza, Eduwin; Ortiz, Mario I; Ramírez, Juan David; Guhl, Felipe; Molina, Jorge

    2015-11-19

    Control initiatives and continuous surveillance of vector-borne transmission have proved to be effective measures for diminishing the incidence of Chagas disease in endemic countries. However, the active dispersal of infected sylvatic adult triatomines by flight represents one of the main obstacles to eliminating domestic transmission. In order to determine the risk that active dispersal of sylvatic adult triatomines represents in Colombian northeastern plains, we quantified the distribution and abundance of triatomines in palm trees (primarily Attalea butyracea) using live bait traps. Directional light traps were used to estimate the frequency of sylvatic triatomine dispersal and their possible origin. Finally, the effect of environmental parameters and artificial light sources on the take-off of sylvatic Rhodnius prolixus was evaluated in field experiments. R. prolixus was found in 90 % of the palm trees that densely aggregated toward the northern portion of the study area. R. prolixus, and three other sylvatic triatomine species were found to actively disperse and were attracted to the directional light traps (Triatoma maculata, Panstrongylus geniculatus and Psammolestes arthuri). Temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and night luminosity did not affect the active dispersal of the triatomines which is higher the first two hours after sunset. Artificial lights from houses at 60 and 110 m played a key role in the directionality of the R. prolixus take-offs. Trypanosoma cruzi was isolated from R. prolixus, T. maculata and P. geniculatus and was genotyped as T. cruzi I, III and IV. Our results highlight the potential risk in Colombian northeastern plains of actively dispersing sylvatic triatomines and their role in the domestic introduction of Discrete Typing Units of T. cruzi associated to sylvatic foci of Chagas disease transmission.

  6. Modeling Disease Vector Occurrence when Detection Is Imperfect: Infestation of Amazonian Palm Trees by Triatomine Bugs at Three Spatial Scales

    PubMed Central

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Ferraz, Gonçalo; Campos, Ciro; Palomeque, Francisco S.; Grijalva, Mario J.; Aguilar, H. Marcelo; Miles, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Failure to detect a disease agent or vector where it actually occurs constitutes a serious drawback in epidemiology. In the pervasive situation where no sampling technique is perfect, the explicit analytical treatment of detection failure becomes a key step in the estimation of epidemiological parameters. We illustrate this approach with a study of Attalea palm tree infestation by Rhodnius spp. (Triatominae), the most important vectors of Chagas disease (CD) in northern South America. Methodology/Principal Findings The probability of detecting triatomines in infested palms is estimated by repeatedly sampling each palm. This knowledge is used to derive an unbiased estimate of the biologically relevant probability of palm infestation. We combine maximum-likelihood analysis and information-theoretic model selection to test the relationships between environmental covariates and infestation of 298 Amazonian palm trees over three spatial scales: region within Amazonia, landscape, and individual palm. Palm infestation estimates are high (40–60%) across regions, and well above the observed infestation rate (24%). Detection probability is higher (∼0.55 on average) in the richest-soil region than elsewhere (∼0.08). Infestation estimates are similar in forest and rural areas, but lower in urban landscapes. Finally, individual palm covariates (accumulated organic matter and stem height) explain most of infestation rate variation. Conclusions/Significance Individual palm attributes appear as key drivers of infestation, suggesting that CD surveillance must incorporate local-scale knowledge and that peridomestic palm tree management might help lower transmission risk. Vector populations are probably denser in rich-soil sub-regions, where CD prevalence tends to be higher; this suggests a target for research on broad-scale risk mapping. Landscape-scale effects indicate that palm triatomine populations can endure deforestation in rural areas, but become rarer in

  7. Population Structure, Genetic Diversity, and Evolutionary History of Kleinia neriifolia (Asteraceae) on the Canary Islands

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Ye; Vargas-Mendoza, Carlos F.

    2017-01-01

    Kleinia neriifolia Haw. is an endemic species on the Canarian archipelago, this species is widespread in the coastal thicket of all the Canarian islands. In the present study, genetic diversity and population structure of K. neriifolia were investigated using chloroplast gene sequences and nuclear SSR (simple sequence repeat). The differentiation among island populations, the historical demography, and the underlying evolutionary scenarios of this species are further tested based on the genetic data. Chloroplast diversity reveals a strong genetic divergence between eastern islands (Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, and Lanzarote) and western islands (EI Hierro, La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife), this west–east genetic divergence may reflect a very beginning of speciation. The evolutionary scenario with highest posterior probabilities suggests Gran Canaria as oldest population with a westward colonization path to Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma, and EI Hierro, and eastward dispersal path to Lanzarote through Fuerteventura. In the western islands, there is a slight decrease in the effective population size toward areas of recent colonization. However, in the eastern islands, the effective population size increase in Lanzarote relative to Gran Canaria and Fuerteventura. These results further our understanding of the evolution of widespread endemic plants within Canarian archipelago. PMID:28713419

  8. New insights on the upper layer circulation north of the Gulf of Guinea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herbert, G.; Bourlès, B.; Penven, P.; Grelet, J.

    2016-09-01

    The oceanic circulation in the upper layers of the north of the Gulf of Guinea is analyzed, as inferred from in situ observations and numerical simulations. This particular region, in spite of the presence of a coastal upwelling and its impact on resources and regional climate, is still poorly documented. Cruises carried out in the framework of different international programs (e.g., EGEE/AMMA, PIRATA) allowed to show the existence of an eastward flowing undercurrent, found under the Guinea Current, named the Guinea UnderCurrent (GUC). Numerical results from high resolution simulation allowed the description of the seasonal variability of this current. It appears that the GUC is stronger in spring and reverses westward in August-September. We also depict the fate and the sources of the GUC based on selected trajectories from numerical particle tracking. The simulated trajectories reveal: (i) a preferred route of the GUC along 4°N from Cape Palmas to Cape Three Points and following the coast east of Cape Three Points; (ii) strong recirculations in the most eastern part of the Gulf of Guinea and off Cape Palmas including warm and salty waters of the South Equatorial Current; (iii) a weak inflow from northern latitudes through a subsurface current flowing southward along the West African coast. In addition, Lagrangian experiments show that the GUC is not an extension of the North Equatorial UnderCurrent and confirm that this current does not penetrate into the Gulf of Guinea.

  9. Air pollution and mortality in the Canary Islands: a time-series analysis.

    PubMed

    López-Villarrubia, Elena; Ballester, Ferran; Iñiguez, Carmen; Peral, Nieves

    2010-02-12

    The island factor of the cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, along with their proximity to Africa and their meteorology, create a particular setting that influences the air quality of these cities and provides researchers an opportunity to analyze the acute effects of air-pollutants on daily mortality. From 2000 to 2004, the relationship between daily changes in PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NO2, CO, and ozone levels and daily total mortality and mortality due to respiratory and heart diseases were assessed using Generalized Additive Poisson models controlled for potential confounders. The lag effect (up to five days) as well as the concurrent and previous day averages and distributed lag models were all estimated. Single and two pollutant models were also constructed. Daily levels of PM10, PM2.5, NO2, and SO2 were found to be associated with an increase in respiratory mortality in Santa Cruz de Tenerife and with increased heart disease mortality in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, thus indicating an association between daily ozone levels and mortality from heart diseases. The effects spread over five successive days. SO2 was the only air pollutant significantly related with total mortality (lag 0). There is a short-term association between current exposure levels to air pollution and mortality (total as well as that due specifically to heart and respiratory diseases) in both cities. Risk coefficients were higher for respiratory and cardiovascular mortality, showing a delayed effect over several days.

  10. Introduction of non-native marine fish species to the Canary Islands waters through oil platforms as vectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pajuelo, José G.; González, José A.; Triay-Portella, Raül; Martín, José A.; Ruiz-Díaz, Raquel; Lorenzo, José M.; Luque, Ángel

    2016-11-01

    This work documents the introduction of non-native fish species to the Canary Islands (central-eastern Atlantic) through oil rigs. Methodological approaches have included surveys by underwater visual censuses around and under oil platforms and along the docking area of rigs at the Port of Las Palmas. Eleven non-native fish species were registered. Paranthias furcifer, Abudefduf hoefleri, Acanthurus bahianus, Acanthurus chirurgus, and Acanthurus coeruleus are first recorded from the Canaries herein. Other three species could not be identified, although they have never been observed in the Canaries. Cephalopholis taeniops, Abudefduf saxatilis, and Acanthurus monroviae had been previously recorded. Native areas of these species coincide with the areas of origin and the scale of oil rigs with destination the Port of Las Palmas. The absence of native species in the censuses at rigs and their presence at rigs docking area, together with the observation of non-native species after the departure of platforms, reject the possibility that these non-native species were already present in the area introduced by another vector. C. taeniops, A. hoefleri, A. saxatilis, A. chirurgus, A. coeruleus and A. monroviae are clearly seafarer species. A. bahianus seems to be a potential seafarer species. P. furcifer is a castaway species. For the moment, the number of individuals of the non-native species in marine ecosystems of the Canaries seems to be low, and more investigation is needed for controlling these translocations.

  11. Impacts of fishing and environmental factors driving changes on littoral fish assemblages in a subtropical oceanic island

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sangil, Carlos; Martín-García, Laura; Hernández, José Carlos; Concepción, Laura; Fernández, Raúl; Clemente, Sabrina

    2013-08-01

    The structure of demersal fish assemblages of commercial interest was studied at 51 sites on La Palma Island (Canary Islands, northeastern Atlantic). On this island, demersal fish populations are limited and independent from other islands. As deep water separates the islands and the shallow sublittoral platforms are not continuous, adult inter-island migrations are not possible except between the islands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. Otherwise, each island functions as a closed system, and the status of an island fish assemblage depends on local environmental conditions and activities performed in situ by the islanders. These circumstances provide a unique opportunity to test the intrainsular variability of fish assemblages. With this background, environmental parameters, fishing pressure and distance to the MPA were considered to identify the main factors explaining the spatial variation of fish assemblages off La Palma Island. Twenty-six fish species were recorded, but 60% of the total fish biomass was represented by only five species (Sparisoma cretense, Pomadasys incisus, Canthidermis sufflamen, Diplodus cervinus cervinus and Bodianus scrofa). However, the structure of assemblages was heterogeneous in response to different variables and showed substantial spatial variation. The assemblages were strongly modified by the presence of upright seaweed cover, fishing activities, and certain environmental variables. Differences were more pronounced in species that occupied the higher trophic levels. The most disturbed assemblages were those located in areas with lower upright seaweed cover and with higher fishing pressure, whereas the best-preserved assemblages corresponded to sites with controlled fishing activities, located within the MPA.

  12. MAIA, a three-channel imager for asteroseismology: instrument design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raskin, Gert; Bloemen, Steven; Morren, Johan; Perez Padilla, Jesus; Prins, Saskia; Pessemier, Wim; Vandersteen, Jeroen; Merges, Florian; Østensen, Roy; Van Winckel, Hans; Aerts, Conny

    2013-11-01

    MAIA, an acronym for Mercator Advanced Imager for Asteroseismology, is a three-channel instrument that targets fast-cadence three-colour photometry, installed at the 1.2-m Mercator telescope at the Roque de los Muchachos at La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). This instrument observes a 9.4 × 14.1 arcmin2 field-of-view simultaneously in three wavelength bands on three large frame-transfer CCDs. These detectors were developed for ESA's cancelled Eddington space mission and were offered on permanent loan to the Institute of Astronomy (KU Leuven, Belgium). MAIA uses its own ugr photometric system that is a crude approximation of the SDSS system. The instrument is designed to perform multi-colour observations for asteroseismology, with specific emphasis on subdwarf and white dwarf single and binary stars. We describe the design of the instrument, discuss key components, and report on its performance and first results. Based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  13. Dutch Open Telescope: Status and Prospects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutten, R. J.; Hammerschlag, R. H.; Bettonvil, F. M.; Suetterlin, P.

    2000-10-01

    The Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) on La Palma in the Canary Islands is a small but revolutionary solar telescope of which the image quality matches the superb imaging of the Swedish Vacuum Solar Telescope (from whose building the DOT is operated). The DOT is an open parabolic 45cm reflector on an open 15m high tower, relying on mirror flushing by the trade winds that bring the best seeing at La Palma to avoid internal turbulence. A water-cooled field stop in the primary image reflects most sunlight and heat out of the telescope. The first data from the DOT combined with speckle reconstruction have yielded sunspot movies of outstanding quality. At present, a multi-channel imaging system is in construction for simultaneous registration of speckle sequences in the G band, in Ca II K and in Hα. The data pipeline permits continuous speckle data acquisition up to 0.5 Tb per day. The advantage of speckle reconstruction over adaptive optics is the much larger field of the restored scene, with the DOT camera's 100x130 arcsec at 0.2 arcsec resolution. The DOT science program is to study magnetic topology and dynamics throughout the photosphere and chromosphere.

  14. Population structure of the banana weevil, an introduced pest in the Canary Islands, studied by RAPD analysis.

    PubMed

    Magaña, C; Beroiz, B; Hernández-Crespo, P; Montes de Oca, M; Carnero, A; Ortego, F; Castañera, P

    2007-12-01

    The banana weevil (BW), Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is one of the most important insect pests of bananas and plantains. The mobility and the origin of BW infestations at the Canary Islands (Tenerife, La Gomera and La Palma) have been analysed using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) as molecular markers. Populations from Costa Rica, Colombia, Uganda and Madeira were also included for comparison. One hundred and fifteen reproducible bands from eight primers were obtained. The level of polymorphism in the populations from the Canary Islands (40-62%) was in the range of those found in other populations. Nei's genetic distances, pair-wise fixation index (FST) values indicate that the closest populations are Tenerife populations among themselves (Nei's genetic distance=0.054-0.100; FST=0.091-0.157) and Costa Rica and Colombia populations (Nei's genetic distance=0.049; FST=0.113). Our results indicate the existence of BW local biotypes with limited gene flow and affected by genetic drift. These results are compatible with a unique event of colonization at Tenerife; whereas, the outbreaks in La Gomera and La Palma may come from independent introductions. The Madeira population is phylogenetically and geographically closer to the Canary Islands populations, suggesting that it is the most likely source of the insects introduced in the Canary Islands.

  15. Recent Progress in High-Resolution Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berger, T. E.; Title, A. M.

    2004-12-01

    We review recent optical observations of the solar photosphere and chromosphere with an emphasis on those observations that attain spatial resolution values below 0.25 arcsec. Results from the Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) on La Palma, the Dunn Solar Telescope (DST) on Sacramento Peak, and the Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT) on Tenerife are reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on results from the newly commissioned Swedish 1-meter Solar Telescope (SST) on La Palma following our successful campaigns at this instrument in 2002 and 2003. The SST with adaptive optics can now achieve 0.0 arcsec resolution imaging of the Sun in multiple simultaneous wavelengths. Scientific findings on the structure of sunspot penumbrae and lightbridges, small-scale magnetic elements, and faculae at the limb are reviewed. The Lockheed Solar Optical Universal Polarimeter (SOUP) birefringent tunable filter at the SST produced 0.16 arcsec resolution magnetograms in the summer of 2003 that have shed new light on the structure and dynamics of small-scale magnetic fields in the solar photosphere.

  16. Development of an Online Exoplanet Course for In-Service Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barringer, Daniel; Palma, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    The Earth and Space Science Partnership (ESSP) is a collaboration among Penn State scientists, science educators and seven school districts across Pennsylvania. Penn State also offers through its fully online World Campus the opportunity for In-Service science teachers to earn an M.Ed. degree in Earth Science, and we currently offer a required online astronomy course for that program. We have previously presented descriptions of how have incorporated research-based pedagogical practices into ESSP-sponsored workshops for in-service teachers (Palma et al. 2013) and into a pilot section of introductory astronomy for non-science majors (Palma et al. 2014). In this presentation, we detail the design and development of a new online astronomy course to be offered through the M.Ed. Earth Science degree program. This course also uses a coherent content storyline approach (Roth et al. 2011), and will engage the teachers in investigations using authentic data within the Claims Evidence Reasoning framework (McNeill & Krajcik 2012). The course theme will be exploring exoplanets in order to show how these objects have forced us to reconsider some ideas in our model for the formation of the Solar System, which is a disciplinary core idea identified in the Next Generation Science Standards (citation). Course materials will be made available through Penn State's open courseware initiative and will be promoted to teachers throughout PA through the Pennsylvania Earth Science Teachers' Association (PAESTA). We gratefully acknowledge support from the NSF MSP program award DUE#0962792.

  17. Spectral Classification and Physical Parameters of Be Stars in the Perseus Arm with the BCD System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gkouvelis, L.; Fabregat, J.; Zorec, J.; Raddi, R.; Drew, J. E.; Steeghs, D.; Wright, N. J.; Farnhill, H. J.; Greimel, R.; Sabin, L.; Corradi, R. M. L.; Drake, J.~J.

    2013-06-01

    IPHAS (the INT/WTC Photometric Ha Survey of the Northern Galactic Plane, www.iphas.org) is a survey carried out, in H-α, r and i filters, with the Wide Field Camera on the Isaac Newton Telescope in La Palma. Besides the photometric survey, the IPHAS collaboration is conducting follow up spectroscopic observations of selected emission line objects detected from the photometry. Most of the observed targets turned out to be classical Be stars. In this work we present the analysis of about 60 classical Be stars spectra, obtained with the INT and NOT telescopes in La Palma, by means of the BCD (Barbier-Chalonge-Divan) classification system. We have developed a semi-authomatic procedure, based on the BCD techniques, to obtain the physical parameters of classical Be stars, including effective temperature, luminosity class, interstellar reddening and absolute magnitude. We compare our results with those obtained for the same stellar sample with standard spectroscopic techniques by Raddi et al. (MNRAS, in press), in order to validate our procedure. Our final goal is to apply our technique to a much larger sample of Be star spectra through the northern galactic plane, in order to obtain their physical parameters and use them to trace the galactic structure.

  18. An eight-dimensional quantum mechanical Hamiltonian for X + YCZ3 system and its applications to H + CH4 reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Rui; Xiong, Hongwei; Yang, Minghui

    2012-11-01

    An eight-dimensional quantum mechanical Hamiltonian has been proposed based on Palma and Clary's model in which the non-reacting CZ3 group keeps a C3v symmetry in the X + YCZ3 ↔ XY + CZ3 reaction J. Palma and D. C. Clary [J. Chem. Phys. 112, 1859 (2000), 10.1063/1.480749]. By transforming the original Cartesian coordinate system (x, s) into a scaled polar coordinate system (q, γ), the vibrational Hamiltonian of CZ3 group is expressed in a simple form with a clear physical picture. This Hamiltonian is used to investigate the H + CH4 → H2 + CH3 reaction on the Jordan-Gilbert potential energy surface. The total reaction probabilities are calculated for the initial ground state, and umbrella, bending, symmetric, and asymmetric stretching excited states of CH4 with total angular momentum J = 0. The integral cross sections for the reaction are also studied for these initial vibrational states with a centrifugal-sudden approximation. The total integral cross sections for the asymmetric stretching vibrational excited state are in good agreement with the experimental observations. The results also showed the difference of dynamical behavior between reactions from symmetric and asymmetric stretching excited states. The thermal rate constants are calculated for the temperature range T = 250-2000 K and compared with the experimental and other theoretical results.

  19. Effects of precaudal elongation on visceral topography in a basal clade of ray-finned fishes.

    PubMed

    Ward, Andrea B; Kley, Nathan J

    2012-02-01

    Elongate body forms have evolved numerous times independently within Vertebrata. Such body forms have evolved in large part via changes to the vertebral column, either through addition or lengthening of vertebrae. Previous studies have shown that body elongation in fishes has evolved most frequently through the addition of caudal vertebrae. In contrast, however, body elongation in Polypteriformes, a basal clade of ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii), has evolved through the addition of precaudal vertebrae; one genus, Erpetoichthys, has approximately twice as many precaudal vertebrae as do members of its sister genus, Polypterus. Thus, polypteriform fishes provide an excellent opportunity to study the effects of precaudal elongation on the gross morphology and organization of visceral organs contained within the body cavity. In this study, we document the anteroposterior positions of most major visceral organs in representative species of both genera (E. calabaricus and P. palmas), relative to both vertebral number and percent pre-anal length. We found that, whereas the positions of the anterior and posterior borders of the visceral organs relative to percent pre-anal length were generally similar between the two species, most visceral organs were positioned further posteriorly in E. calabaricus than in P. palmas with respect to vertebral number. Based on previous determinations of the molecular control of anteroposterior patterning of the visceral organs, we discuss which possible changes in gene expression may have led to the anatomical modifications seen in the visceral morphology of Erpetoichthys.

  20. Palaeomagnetic directions of the volcanic rocks from Gramado Xavier, Rio Grande do Sul State, South Brazil: implications for time duration of the volcanic activity.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raposo, M. I. B.; Canon-Tapia, E.; Guimarães, L. F.; Janasi, V. A.

    2015-12-01

    The magmatism in the LIP Paraná-Etendeka comprises basic and acid rocks. On the Paraná side, these rocks are basalt tholeiitic with high (>2%) and low TiO2 content, and dacites, rhyodacites, rhyolites and quartz latites forming the acid types Chapecó and Palmas. The volcanic acid Palmas are found in the South part of Brazil, and based on TiO2 and P2O5 contents are subdivided into Caxias do Sul, Santa Maria, Anita Garibaldi, Jacuí, Clevelândia and Barros Cassal units. In the studied region, the first stratigraphic sequence is low TiO2 basalt followed by Caxias do Sul, Barros Cassal and Santa Maria on top. We sampled all these units in the Gramado Xavier (Rio Grande do Sul State, South Brazil) region. To determine the mean magnetization directions of each site, samples were demagnetized by both thermal and AF techniques. The results show that the basalt flows recorded both normal and reverse polarities of the geomagnetic field. All sites from Caxias do Sul registered an anomalous direction suggesting an excursion of the geomagnetic field. Sites from Barros Cassal present both normal and reverse polarities. All sites from Santa Maria unit show a reverse polarity of the geomagnetic field. The normal and reverse polarities recorded in the different units are similar indicating contemporaneity of the magmatic source. Due to the existence of only one reversal event, a short duration of volcanism is suspected.

  1. Turbulence velocity profiling for high sensitivity and vertical-resolution atmospheric characterization with Stereo-SCIDAR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osborn, J.; Butterley, T.; Townson, M. J.; Reeves, A. P.; Morris, T. J.; Wilson, R. W.

    2017-02-01

    As telescopes become larger, into the era of ˜40 m Extremely Large Telescopes, the high-resolution vertical profile of the optical turbulence strength is critical for the validation, optimization and operation of optical systems. The velocity of atmospheric optical turbulence is an important parameter for several applications including astronomical adaptive optics systems. Here, we compare the vertical profile of the velocity of the atmospheric wind above La Palma by means of a comparison of Stereo-SCIntillation Detection And Ranging (Stereo-SCIDAR) with the Global Forecast System models and nearby balloon-borne radiosondes. We use these data to validate the automated optical turbulence velocity identification from the Stereo-SCIDAR instrument mounted on the 2.5 m Isaac Newton Telescope, La Palma. By comparing these data we infer that the turbulence velocity and the wind velocity are consistent and that the automated turbulence velocity identification of the Stereo-SCIDAR is precise. The turbulence velocities can be used to increase the sensitivity of the turbulence strength profiles, as weaker turbulence that may be misinterpreted as noise can be detected with a velocity vector. The turbulence velocities can also be used to increase the altitude resolution of a detected layer, as the altitude of the velocity vectors can be identified to a greater precision than the native resolution of the system. We also show examples of complex velocity structure within a turbulent layer caused by wind shear at the interface of atmospheric zones.

  2. The origin of bird pollination in Macaronesian Lotus (Loteae, Leguminosae).

    PubMed

    Ojeda, Isidro; Santos-Guerra, Arnoldo; Jaén-Molina, Ruth; Oliva-Tejera, Felicia; Caujapé-Castells, Juli; Cronk, Quentin

    2012-01-01

    The four red-flowered, apparently bird-pollinated Lotus species from the Canary Islands have previously been classified in their own genus, Rhyncholotus. Currently, they are considered as a separate section within genus Lotus, distinct from other herbaceous Canarian congeners which are yellow-flowered and bee-pollinated. A combined analysis of four nuclear regions (including ITS and three homologues of CYCLOIDEA) and three plastid regions (CYB6, matK and trnH-psbA) nests the four bird-pollinated species within a single extant species of bee-pollinated Lotus (L. sessilifolius), in a very extreme example of species paraphyly. Therefore, our data compellingly support the hypothesis that the Macaronesian Lotus species with a bird pollination syndrome are recently derived from entomophilous ancestors. Calibration of the phylogenetic trees using geological age estimates of the most recent islands (La Palma and El Hierro) together with oldest ages of Fuerteventura indicates that bird pollination evolved ca. 1.7 Ma in the Canarian Lotus. These four bird-pollinated species share a most recent common ancestor (MRCA) with L. sessilifolius that dates to about 2.2 Ma. Our analyses further suggest that the evolution of the bird pollination syndrome was likely triggered by the availability of new niches in La Palma and Tenerife as a result of recent volcanic activity. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. The Gaia spectrophotometric standard stars survey: II. Instrumental effects of six ground-based observing campaigns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altavilla, G.; Marinoni, S.; Pancino, E.; Galleti, S.; Ragaini, S.; Bellazzini, M.; Cocozza, G.; Bragaglia, A.; Carrasco, J. M.; Castro, A.; Di Fabrizio, L.; Federici, L.; Figueras, F.; Gebran, M.; Jordi, C.; Masana, E.; Schuster, W.; Valentini, G.; Voss, H.

    2015-08-01

    The Gaia SpectroPhotometric Standard Stars (SPSS) survey started in 2006, was awarded almost 450 observing nights and accumulated almost 100 000 raw data frames with both photometric and spectroscopic observations. Such large observational effort requires careful, homogeneous, and automatic data reduction and quality control procedures. In this paper, we quantitatively evaluate instrumental effects that might have a significant (i.e., ≥ 1 %) impact on the Gaia SPSS flux calibration. The measurements involve six different instruments, monitored over the eight years of observations dedicated to the Gaia flux standards campaigns: DOLORES@TNG in La Palma, EFOSC2@NTT and ROSS@REM in La Silla, CAFOS@2.2 m in Calar Alto, BFOSC@Cassini in Loiano, and LaRuca@1.5 m in San Pedro Mártir. We examine and quantitatively evaluate the following effects: CCD linearity and shutter times, calibration frames stability, lamp flexures, second order contamination, light polarization, and fringing. We present methods to correct for the relevant effects which can be applied to a wide range of observational projects at similar instruments. Based on data obtained with BFOSC@Cassini in Loiano, Italy; EFOSC2@NTT in La Silla, Chile; DOLORES@TNG in La Palma, Spain; CAFOS@2.2 m in Calar Alto, Spain; LaRuca@1.5 m in San Pedro Mártir, Mexico (see acknowledgements for more details).

  4. Structural and temporal requirements for geomagnetic field reversal deduced from lava flows.

    PubMed

    Singer, Brad S; Hoffman, Kenneth A; Coe, Robert S; Brown, Laurie L; Jicha, Brian R; Pringle, Malcolm S; Chauvin, Annick

    2005-03-31

    Reversals of the Earth's magnetic field reflect changes in the geodynamo--flow within the outer core--that generates the field. Constraining core processes or mantle properties that induce or modulate reversals requires knowing the timing and morphology of field changes that precede and accompany these reversals. But the short duration of transitional field states and fragmentary nature of even the best palaeomagnetic records make it difficult to provide a timeline for the reversal process. 40Ar/39Ar dating of lavas on Tahiti, long thought to record the primary part of the most recent 'Matuyama-Brunhes' reversal, gives an age of 795 +/- 7 kyr, indistinguishable from that of lavas in Chile and La Palma that record a transition in the Earth's magnetic field, but older than the accepted age for the reversal. Only the 'transitional' lavas on Maui and one from La Palma (dated at 776 +/- 2 kyr), agree with the astronomical age for the reversal. Here we propose that the older lavas record the onset of a geodynamo process, which only on occasion would result in polarity change. This initial instability, associated with the first of two decreases in field intensity, began approximately 18 kyr before the actual polarity switch. These data support the claim that complete reversals require a significant period for magnetic flux to escape from the solid inner core and sufficiently weaken its stabilizing effect.

  5. The ING Studentship, INT Support, and Research Programme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaduvescu, O.; Dominguez Palmero, L.; Benn, C.

    2014-07-01

    For more than a decade, the ING studentship programme has offered European astronomy students an opportunity to train as observers on a medium-sized ground-based optical telescope, namely the renowned 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) run by the Isaac Newton Group (ING, a UK-SP-NL institution) on the beautiful Spanish island of La Palma in the Canary Islands! Practical training of the European students and hopefully future astronomers is essential in the era of very large telescopes and their queue-scheduled observing, which limits direct access to the observatories by young astronomers. Each year, the ING therefore offers 4--5 talented astronomy students the opportunity to spend one year working as support astronomers at the INT (setting up the instruments, helping visiting observers, and observing few INT discretionary nights) and working with ING staff on technical and science projects. High above the clouds at 2400 m, on the edge of the gorgeous Caldera de Taburiente of La Palma, stands the ''Roque de Los Muchachos'' Observatory (ORM) of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), part of the European Northern Observatory (ENO). Year after year, our studentship programme contributes to a better prepared future generation of astronomers. In this poster, we present some recent technical and science achievements of our past ING students, encouraging talented students to apply in the future (announced in February--March via the ING website http://www.ing.iac.es/astronomy/science/studentship.html).

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: RGB stars in Sagittarius streams (Monaco+, 2007)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monaco, L.; Bellazzini, M.; Bonifacio, P.; Buzzoni, A.; Ferraro, F. R.; Marconi, G.; Sbordone, L.; Zaggia, S.

    2007-04-01

    Spectra were secured using different high resolution facilities: UVES@VLT, HARPS@3.6m, and SARG@TNG. Radial velocities are obtained through cross correlation with a template spectra. Concerning chemical analysis, for the various elements, selected line equivalent widths were measured and abundances computed using the WIDTH code and ATLAS model atmospheres. A total of 13 stars were observed between August 30, 2004, and January 24, 2005, using the SARG spectrograph mounted on the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) telescope at La Palma. We present iron (Fe) and alpha-element (Mg, Ca) abundances for 12 red giant branch stars belonging to the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy tidal streams. Spectra were obtained with the SARG spectrograph mounted at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (La Palma, Spain). We used the 1.6" slit, which provides a resolution of R=29000. For each star we report the equivalent widths (EWs) measured for a selected sample of Fe, Mg, and Ca lines along with the abundances derived for each line from the measured EWs and the adopted atomic parameters. (2 data files).

  7. Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia) and DANA-SINEs insertions.

    PubMed

    Morescalchi, Maria Alessandra; Barucca, Marco; Stingo, Vincenzo; Capriglione, Teresa

    2010-06-01

    SINE sequences are interspersed throughout virtually all eukaryotic genomes and greatly outnumber the other repetitive elements. These sequences are of increasing interest for phylogenetic studies because of their diagnostic power for establishing common ancestry among taxa, once properly characterized. We identified and characterized a peculiar family of composite tRNA-derived short interspersed SINEs, DANA-SINEs, associated with mutational activities in Danio rerio, in a group of species belonging to one of the most basal bony fish families, the Polypteridae, in order to investigate their own inner specific phylogenetic relationships. DANA sequences were identified, sequenced and then localized, by means of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), in six Polypteridae species (Polypterus delhezi, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. buettikoferi P. senegalus and Erpetoichthys calabaricus) After cloning, the sequences obtained were aligned for phylogenetic analysis, comparing them with three Dipnoan lungfish species (Protopterus annectens, P. aethiopicus, Lepidosiren paradoxa), and Lethenteron reissneri (Petromyzontidae)was used as outgroup. The obtained overlapping MP, ML and NJ tree clustered together the species belonging to the two taxonomically different Osteichthyans groups: the Polypteridae, by one side, and the Protopteridae by the other, with the monotypic genus Erpetoichthys more distantly related to the Polypterus genus comprising three distinct groups: P. palmas and P. buettikoferi, P. delhezi and P. ornatipinnis and P. senegalus. In situ hybridization with DANA probes marked along the whole chromosome arms in the metaphases of all the Polypteridae species examined. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Seasonal and solar activity variations of F3 layer and quadruple stratification (StF-4) near the equatorial region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tardelli, A.; Fagundes, P. R.; Pezzopane, M.; Venkatesh, K.; Pillat, V. G.

    2016-12-01

    The study of multiple stratification of the F layer has the initial records in the midtwentieth century. Since then, many studies were focused on F3 layer. The diurnal, seasonal, and solar activity variations of the F3 layer characteristics have been investigated by several researchers. Recently, investigations on multiple stratifications of F layer received an important boost after the quadruple stratification (StF-4) was observed at Palmas (10.3°S, 48.3°W; dip latitude 6.6°S—near-equatorial region), Brazil. The present study reports the latest findings related with the seasonal and solar activity characteristics of the F3 layer and StF-4 near the equatorial region during the period from 2002 to 2006. A significant connection between StF-4 and F3 layer has been noticed, since the StF-4 is always preceded and followed by a F3 layer appearance. However, the F3 layer and the StF-4 present different seasonal and solar cycle variations. At a near-equatorial station Palmas, the F3 layer shows the maximum and minimum occurrences during summer and winter seasons, respectively. On the contrary, the StF-4 presents the maximum and minimum occurrences during winter and summer seasons, respectively. While the F3 layer occurrence is not affected by solar cycle, the StF-4 appearance is instead more frequent during high solar activity.

  9. Characterizing silicic rocks in the Parana Magmatic Province: an update in their origin and emplacement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luchetti, A. F.; Nardy, A. R.; Machado, F. B.; Gravley, D. M.; Gualda, G. A.

    2013-12-01

    The Paraná Magmatic Province (PMP), a large igneous province in southern Brazil (with correlative rocks in western Africa), includes 800,000 km3 of flood basalts generated during the rifting that ultimately led to the opening of the South Atlantic and covers nearly 75% of the surface of the Paraná Basin. Towards the top of the volcanic pile, silicic rocks are observed in many areas. They comprise a small proportion of the total erupted volume (2.5%), yet correspond to a significant flare-up of silicic volcanism over a period of only a few million years. In Brazil, the silicic rocks are divided into two groups, the Chapecó Member, which appears more northerly and includes porphyritic, crystal-rich, high-Ti dacites and trachydacites; and the Palmas Member, which includes fine-grained, crystal-poor, low-Ti dacites and rhyolites. The mode of emplacement (lavas vs. pyroclastic flows) of the volcanic units has been the subject of much controversy. The aim of this project is to better understand the origin and evolution of the PMP silicic rocks. We are combining information from the regional to the thin section scale to better characterize eruption dynamics and magma distribution prior to eruption. In both Palmas and Chapecó units, we observe features consistent with emplacement in the form of pyroclastic density currents, e.g. fiamme, variable weathering patterns consistent with local variations in welding at the outcrop scale, vertical gas-escape structures, sedimentary dykes, and lythophysae. Some ignimbrite units can be traced for 10's of kilometers and with more research on their spatial distribution could reveal the location of eruptive centers. In the Palmas, ignimbrites can be observed juxtaposed against or overlying discrete eruptive centers in the form of discordant structures that resemble domes and coulees typical of lava extrusion and flow. However, many of the silicic rocks are ambiguous and difficult to characterize, with features that could be related

  10. Assessment of the environmental impacts of ocean acidification (OA) and carbon capture and storage (CCS) leaks using the amphipod Hyale youngi.

    PubMed

    Goulding, T A; De Orte, M R; Szalaj, D; Basallote, M D; DelValls, T A; Cesar, A

    2017-03-18

    This study aims to ascertain the effects of CO2 induced water acidification and leaks from Carbon Capture and Storage activities on the South American amphipod Hyale youngi. A 10-day acute toxicity test was performed using sediments from two sites located inside the Santos Estuarine System. They were subjected to five pH treatments (8.1, 7.6, 7.0, 6.5, and 6.0). Metals (Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb, Ni and Zn) and the metalloid As were analyzed to determine the influence of their acidification-related mobility on the amphipods mortality. The results showed that mortality becomes significant when compared to control in pH 6.5 in the Canal de Piaçaguera sediment (contaminated) and at pH 6.0 in Ilha das Palmas sediment (reference).

  11. A new air Cerenkov array detector for the observation of extended air showers.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenz, E.

    A new detector concept for the observation of extended air showers (EAS) is presented. The detector consists of an array of wide angle open Cerenkov counters. The array will be sensitive up to 35° zenith angle and an energy above 20 TeV. The incident direction will be determined by fast timing with an angular resolution of better than 4 mrad. By combining the array with a scintillator matrix and muon counters the author expects to achieve a γ/hadron separation between 50-500. The main aim of this detector will be the search for cosmic γ sources and diffuse β production from the galactic mid plane. The detector will be installed on La Palma within the HEGRA experiment.

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Robotic view of 67P perihelion (Snodgrass+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Snodgrass, C.; Opitom, C.; de Val-Borro, M.; Jehin, E.; Manfroid, J.; Lister, T.; Marchant, J.; Jones, G. H.; Fitzsimmons, A.; Steele, I. A.; Smith, R. J.; Jermak, H.; Granzer, T.; Meech, K. J.; Rousselot, P.; Levasseur-Regourd, A.-C.

    2016-09-01

    Tables listing the observations of comet 67P taken around its 2015 perihelion, using various robotic telescopes, and the resulting R-band photometry from these observations. Telescopes used are the 2m Liverpool Telescope, La Palma, the 1.2m STELLA telescope, Tenerife, the 0.6m TRAPPIST telescope, La Silla, and the network of 1m and 2m telescopes operated by Las Cumbres Global Telescope network (LCOGT) at the CTIO, Sutherland, McDonald and Siding Spring observatories. Photometry is measured in an aperture with radius equal to 10000km at the distance of the comet. object.dat : -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Code Name Elem q e i H1 d AU deg mag -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 67P P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko 2454890.5 1.2465141 0.6401757 7.040861 11.63 (2 data files).

  13. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities of virgin coconut oil.

    PubMed

    Intahphuak, S; Khonsung, P; Panthong, A

    2010-02-01

    This study investigated some pharmacological properties of virgin coconut oil (VCO), the natural pure oil from coconut [Cocos nucifera Linn (Palmae)] milk, which was prepared without using chemical or high-heat treatment. The anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects of VCO were assessed. In acute inflammatory models, VCO showed moderate anti-inflammatory effects on ethyl phenylpropiolate-induced ear edema in rats, and carrageenin- and arachidonic acid-induced paw edema. VCO exhibited an inhibitory effect on chronic inflammation by reducing the transudative weight, granuloma formation, and serum alkaline phosphatase activity. VCO also showed a moderate analgesic effect on the acetic acid-induced writhing response as well as an antipyretic effect in yeast-induced hyperthermia. The results obtained suggest anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties of VCO.

  14. First statistics of the isopistonic angle for long baseline interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ziad, A.; Elhalkouj, T.; Petrov, R. G.; Borgnino, J.; Lazrek, M.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Martin, F.; Elazhari, Y.

    2016-06-01

    To reach a suitable limiting magnitude with a multi-aperture interferometer, we need to cophase the different telescopes using a reference source. The latter should be located in the same isopistonic domain as the science source. We developed a direct analytical expression of deducing the isopistonic angle from atmospheric optical parameters as seeing, isoplanatic angle and outer scale. All of these atmospheric turbulence parameters are measured by the Generalized Seeing Monitor (GSM). The first statistics of the isopistonic angle obtained from the GSM data are presented and comparison between the major sites over the world are discussed (La Silla, Cerro Pachon, Paranal, San Pedro, Mt Palomar, Mauna Kea, La Palma, Oukaïmeden, Maydanak, Dome C). Implications of these isopistonic angle statistics on large interferometers cophasing in terms of sky coverage and limiting magnitude are discussed.

  15. NAOMI/OASIS on-sky performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benn, Chris

    2006-01-01

    NAOMI is the AO system of the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. It delivers an AO-corrected image to a lenslet array at the focal plane of the optical integral-field spectrograph OASIS. The resulting 1100 spectra are imaged onto a high-QE, low-fringing MITLL3 CCD. A range of spectroscopic and spatial (0.09-0.42 arcsec/lenslet) configurations is available. At wavelength ∼ 0.7 μm, the NAOMI-corrected FWHM is typically half that of the natural seeing. Scheduled OASIS observing began in semester 2004B, with 9 programmes awarded a total of 26 nights during the first year of operation. A Rayleigh laser guide star is under development, with first light expected summer 2006. In conjunction with NAOMI/OASIS, this will provide a unique facility: AO-corrected optical integral-field spectroscopy anywhere on the northern sky.

  16. Adaptive-optics-assisted integral field spectroscopy with OASIS and NAOMI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDermid, Richard; Bacon, Roland; Adam, Gilles; Benn, Chris; Cappellari, Michele

    2004-09-01

    By incorporating spatial coverage with the spectral dimension, integral-field spectroscopy is uniquely suited for exploiting the capabilities of adaptive optics (AO) systems. OASIS is a lenslet-based integral-field spectrograph designed to perform high-resolution observations on AO-corrected sources, operating at visible wavelengths. This instrument was commissioned at the William Herschel Telescope, La Palma, in July 2003 to work with the ING's AO system, NAOMI. Here we present an overview of the capabilities of the OASIS+NAOMI system, and show results obtained using this technique. The science presented here is a small preview of what will be possible for a large number of objects when the GLAS laser guide system is operational.

  17. NAOMI: adaptive optics at the WHT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benn, Chris R.; Blanken, Maarten; Bevil, Craige; Els, Sebastian; Goodsell, Stephen; Gregory, Tom; Jolley, Paul; Longmore, Andy J.; Martin, Olivier; Myers, Richard M.; Ostensen, Roy; Rees, Simon; Rutten, Rene G. M.; Soechting, Ilona; Talbot, Gordon; Tulloch, Simon M.

    2004-10-01

    NAOMI is the AO system of the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope on La Palma. It delivers near-diffraction-limited images in the IR, and a significantly improved PSF at optical wavelengths. The science cameras currently comprise an IR imager (INGRID), an optical integral-field spectrograph (OASIS) and a coronagraph which may be placed in the light path to either instrument. 19 science programmes were observed during 2002-3. Observing overheads are small, with as much as 60% of the night spent integrating on science targets. In late 2004 this year, the WFS will be equipped with a low-noise L3 CCD, giving a gain of a factor of 2 in S:N for faint guide stars. A Rayleigh laser guide star is under development, with first light expected summer 2006, providing a unique facility: AO-corrected optical integral-field spectroscopy anywhere on the northern sky.

  18. Kronberger 49: A New Low-mass Globular Cluster or an Unprecedented Bulge Window?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortolani, S.; Bonatto, C.; Bica, E.; Barbuy, B.; Saito, R. K.

    2012-11-01

    We employ optical and near-infrared photometry to study the stars in the direction of the star cluster candidate Kronberger 49. The optical color-magnitude diagrams (V, I, and Gunn z photometry obtained with the Galileo Telescope) are tight and present evidence of a main-sequence turnoff. We may be dealing with a low-mass, metal-rich globular cluster located in the bulge at a distance from the Sun of d ⊙ = 8 ± 1 kpc. Alternatively, it may be a dust hole through which we are sampling the bulge stellar population affected by a very low amount of differential reddening. Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma, by the Fundación Galileo Galilei of INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.

  19. Origin and significance of the 2011 El Hierro xeno-pumice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaczek-Pedroza, Kirsten; Troll, Valentin R.; Deegan, Frances M.; Meade, Fiona C.; Burchardt, Steffi; Carracedo, Juan C.; Klügel, Andreas; Harris, Chris; Wiesmaier, Sebastian; Berg, Sylvia E.; Barker, Abigail K.

    2014-05-01

    samples to be Si-oversaturated, partly corundum-normative, but with not magmatic mineral components in the norm. 5) Trace element concentrations of xeno-pumice are unlike any magmatic rocks from El Hierro and La Palma, but similar to known sedimentary rocks from the region. 6) A distinct Eu anomaly, typical for continentally derived sediment, is present in xeno-pumice but absent in El Hierro and La Palma magmatic rocks. Lastly, 7) Oxygen isotope values range from 9.1 to 11.6 o (n=6), which are elevated with respect to magmatic rocks from the Canaries (5.2 to ~ 7 o), but are characteristic for sediment derived from a mixture of continental (S- and I-type) granite sources. The combined datasets allow for a more thorough discussion on the origin of El Hierro xeno-pumice and we conclude that xeno-pumice is compositionally akin to sedimentary rocks from the region, but strikingly dissimilar to magmatic rocks from El Hierro and La Palma. We suggest a dominantly sedimentary origin for xeno-pumice. Xeno-pumice is therefore not an indicator for explosive felsic magma within volcanic plumbing systems, but a reflection of magma-crust interaction during ascent and emplacement. The occurrence of similar frothy sedimentary xenoliths in recent and historical eruptions on Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife and La Palma make a case for xeno-pumice being a common phenomenon in the region.

  20. Confirmation of nova M31 2009-08d

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Gil, P.; Ferrando, R.; Rodríguez, D.; Bode, M. F.; Huxor, A.; Giles, P.; Mackey, D.

    2009-08-01

    We confirm the nova nature of the possible nova M31 2009-08d, discovered by Rafael Ferrando on UT 2009 Aug 15.0950 (discovery image at http://www.pla-de-arguines.com/NOVA-M31D.jpg) . Koichi Itagaki reported the same discovery on UT 2009 Aug 15.981 (http://www.supernovae.net/novae.html ). A single, filterless image of 20-s exposure time taken on UT 2009 Aug 18.1430 with the ACAM imager/spectrograph on the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (La Palma) reveals the object at coordinates RA=00h44m09.91s, Dec= +41d48m51.0s (J2000), as reported.

  1. The commissioning instrument for the Gran Telescopio Canarias: made in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuevas, Salvador; Sánchez, Beatriz; Bringas, Vicente; Espejo, Carlos; Flores, Rubén; Chapa, Oscar; Lara, Gerardo; Chavoya, Armando; Anguiano, Gustavo; Arciniega, Sadot; Dorantes, Ariel; Gonzalez, José L.; Montoya, Juan M.; Toral, Rafael; Hernández, Hugo; Nava, Roberto; Devaney, Nicolas; Castro, Javier; Cavaller, Luis; Farah, Alejandro; Godoy, Javier; Cobos, Francisco; Tejada, Carlos; Garfias, Fernando

    2006-02-01

    In March 2004 was accepted in the site of Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) in La Palma Island, Spain, the Commissioning Instrument (CI) for the GTC. During the GTC integration phase, the CI will be a diagnostic tool for performance verification. The CI features four operation modes-imaging, pupil imaging, Curvature Wave-front sensing (WFS), and high resolution Shack-Hartmann WFS. This instrument was built by the Instituto de Astronomia UNAM in Mexico City and the Centro de Ingenieria y Desarrollo Industrial (CIDESI) in Queretaro, Qro under a GRANTECAN contract after an international public bid. Some optical components were built by Centro de Investigaciones en Optica (CIO) in Leon Gto and the biggest mechanical parts were manufactured by Vatech in Morelia Mich. In this paper we made a general description of the CI and we relate how this instrument, build under international standards, was entirely made in Mexico.

  2. Long-term (17 Ma) turbidite record of the timing and frequency of large flank collapses of the Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hunt, J. E.; Talling, P. J.; Clare, M. A.; Jarvis, I.; Wynn, R. B.

    2014-08-01

    Volcaniclastic turbidites on the Madeira Abyssal Plain provide a record of large-volume volcanic island flank collapses from the Canary Islands. This long-term record spans 17 Ma, and comprises 125 volcaniclastic beds. Determining the timing, provenance and volumes of these turbidites provides key information about the occurrence of mass wasting from the Canary Islands, especially the western islands of Tenerife, La Palma and El Hierro. These turbidite records demonstrate that landslides often coincide with protracted periods of volcanic edifice growth, suggesting that loading of the volcanic edifices may be a key preconditioning factor for landslide triggers. Furthermore, the last large-volume failures from Tenerife coincide with explosive volcanism at the end of eruptive cycles. Many large-volume Canary Island landslides also occurred during periods of warmer and wetter climates associated with sea-level rise and subsequent highstand. However, these turbidites are not serially dependent and any association with climate or sea level change is not statistically significant.

  3. Scientific and Technical Support for the Galileo Net Flux Radiometer Experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sromovsky, Lawrence A.

    1997-01-01

    This report describes work in support of the Galileo Net Flux Radiometer (NFR), an instrument mounted on the Galileo probe, a spacecraft designed for entry into and direct measurements of Jupiter's atmosphere. Tasks originally proposed for the post launch period are briefly as follows: attend and support PSG (Project Science Group) and other project science meetings; support in-flight checkouts; maintain and keep safe the spare instrument and GSE (Ground Support Equipment); organize and maintain documentation; finish NFR calibration measurements, documentation, and analysis; characterize and diagnose instrument anomalies; develop descent data analysis tools; and science data analysis and publication. Because we had the capability to satisfy a project support need we also subsequently proposed and were funded to make ground- based observations of Jupiter during the period surrounding the Galileo arrival at Jupiter, using the Swedish Solar Telescope at La Palma, Canary Islands. The following section (11) provides background information on the NFR instrument.

  4. Recent Results from the Wide Angle Search for Planets (WASP) Prototype

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kane, S. R.; Horne, K.; Street, R. A.; Pollaco, D. L.; James, D.; Tsapras, Y.; Collier Cameron, A.

    WASP0 is a prototype for what is intended to become a collection of WASPs whose primary aim is to detect transiting extrasolar planets across the face of their parent star. The WASP0 instrument is a wide-field (9-degree) 6.3 cm aperture F/2.8 Apogee 10 CCD camera (2Kx2K chip, 16-arcsec pixels). The camera is mounted piggy-back on a commercial 10-inch Meade telescope. We present some recent results from the WASP camera, including observations from La Palma of the known transiting planet around HD 209458 and preliminary analysis of other stars located in the same field. We also outline further problems which restrict the ability to achieve photon limited precision with a wide-field commercial CCD.

  5. Integration of the Peruvian Air Force Information Systems through an Integrated LAN/WAN

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    LIMA EOFAP IBM-AT GRUDI I LAS PALMAS 6 IBM-XT CADETS I LIMA HCDA 2 IBM-AT CONTROL I MIRAFLORES 3 IBM-XT RECORDS I LIMA ESFAP DG-30 DATA G. RECORDS I...HEADQUIARTEI:IS p 1 LAS PA MAS I M oems . I M.1 I M 15 Km TERRIN ALSF HCDA I GPUP-9Modem- ZONES COVERAGE TMNL E Figure 27. Headquarters area Topology...SEMAN COAX N.A SEMAN SEBAT COAX N.A DIGAF SEBAT COAX N.A SEBAT CINFA PSTN VGPL,DDS,T1 DIGEC-LAN CINFA COAX N.A EMGRA-LAN CINFA COAX N. A HCDA -LAN

  6. The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez, P.; Rodríguez Espinosa, J. M.; Sánchez, F.

    1998-11-01

    The outstanding quality of the Canarian sky, protected by law, makes it feasible to install the largest telescopes in the world at the observatories of the Instituto de Astrofı´sica de Canarias (IAC), which has promoted the design and construction of the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC). The GTC is a high-performance 10-m class telescope to be installed at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (ORM), on the island of La Palma. First light is planned for the end of 2002. The GTC conceptual design was completed in mid-1997. It emphasizes as the main scientific drivers image quality, operational efficiency and reliability. The GTC preliminary design is now proceeding in all aspects of the project. The Spanish and local Canarian Governments are now fully committed to the GTC Project. The scientific drivers are described here, as well as the current technical, managerial, and operational baselines.

  7. The major upgrade of the MAGIC telescopes, Part I: The hardware improvements and the commissioning of the system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aleksić, J.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.; Babic, A.; Bangale, P.; Barceló, M.; Barrio, J. A.; Becerra González, J.; Bednarek, W.; Bernardini, E.; Biasuzzi, B.; Biland, A.; Bitossi, M.; Blanch, O.; Bonnefoy, S.; Bonnoli, G.; Borracci, F.; Bretz, T.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Cecchi, R.; Colin, P.; Colombo, E.; Contreras, J. L.; Corti, D.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; Da Vela, P.; Dazzi, F.; DeAngelis, A.; De Caneva, G.; De Lotto, B.; de Oña Wilhelmi, E.; Delgado Mendez, C.; Dettlaff, A.; Dominis Prester, D.; Dorner, D.; Doro, M.; Einecke, S.; Eisenacher, D.; Elsaesser, D.; Fidalgo, D.; Fink, D.; Fonseca, M. V.; Font, L.; Frantzen, K.; Fruck, C.; Galindo, D.; García López, R. J.; Garczarczyk, M.; Garrido Terrats, D.; Gaug, M.; Giavitto, G.; Godinović, N.; González Muñoz, A.; Gozzini, S. R.; Haberer, W.; Hadasch, D.; Hanabata, Y.; Hayashida, M.; Herrera, J.; Hildebrand, D.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Idec, W.; Illa, J. M.; Kadenius, V.; Kellermann, H.; Knoetig, M. L.; Kodani, K.; Konno, Y.; Krause, J.; Kubo, H.; Kushida, J.; La Barbera, A.; Lelas, D.; Lemus, J. L.; Lewandowska, N.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; Longo, F.; López, M.; López-Coto, R.; López-Oramas, A.; Lorca, A.; Lorenz, E.; Lozano, I.; Makariev, M.; Mallot, K.; Maneva, G.; Mankuzhiyil, N.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Marcote, B.; Mariotti, M.; Martínez, M.; Mazin, D.; Menzel, U.; Miranda, J. M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Moralejo, A.; Munar-Adrover, P.; Nakajima, D.; Negrello, M.; Neustroev, V.; Niedzwiecki, A.; Nilsson, K.; Nishijima, K.; Noda, K.; Orito, R.; Overkemping, A.; Paiano, S.; Palatiello, M.; Paneque, D.; Paoletti, R.; Paredes, J. M.; Paredes-Fortuny, X.; Persic, M.; Poutanen, J.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Prandini, E.; Puljak, I.; Reinthal, R.; Rhode, W.; Ribó, M.; Rico, J.; Rodriguez Garcia, J.; Rügamer, S.; Saito, T.; Saito, K.; Satalecka, K.; Scalzotto, V.; Scapin, V.; Schultz, C.; Schlammer, J.; Schmidl, S.; Schweizer, T.; Sillanpää, A.; Sitarek, J.; Snidaric, I.; Sobczynska, D.; Spanier, F.; Stamerra, A.; Steinbring, T.; Storz, J.; Strzys, M.; Takalo, L.; Takami, H.; Tavecchio, F.; Tejedor, L. A.; Temnikov, P.; Terzić, T.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Thaele, J.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Toyama, T.; Treves, A.; Vogler, P.; Wetteskind, H.; Will, M.; Zanin, R.

    2016-01-01

    The MAGIC telescopes are two Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) located on the Canary island of La Palma. The telescopes are designed to measure Cherenkov light from air showers initiated by gamma rays in the energy regime from around 50 GeV to more than 50 TeV. The two telescopes were built in 2004 and 2009, respectively, with different cameras, triggers and readout systems. In the years 2011-2012 the MAGIC collaboration undertook a major upgrade to make the stereoscopic system uniform, improving its overall performance and easing its maintenance. In particular, the camera, the receivers and the trigger of the first telescope were replaced and the readout of the two telescopes was upgraded. This paper (Part I) describes the details of the upgrade as well as the basic performance parameters of MAGIC such as raw data treatment, linearity in the electronic chain and sources of noise. In Part II, we describe the physics performance of the upgraded system.

  8. [Historical compendium of physical activity and sport].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Rodríguez, Luis Pablo

    2004-01-01

    The Historical Compendium of Physical Activity and Sport analyses, from a scientific perspective, past events in the array of tasks or manoeuvres comprising body movement, in a setting of human liberty and creative capacity. Sport is examined as a result of the evolution of games and in a context of these games. This book contemplates sports, whose selection criteria have included specific features of their individual or team qualities, or combat or opposition characteristics, or those related to their artistic features or to instrumentation or adaptation, or other connotations. 1st authors are 36 professors, from the universities of Barcelona, (Central), Granada, Jaen, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, León, Madrid (Complutense), Málaga, Murcia, Oviedo, País Vasco, Salamanca, Valencia and Zaragoza.

  9. Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: A Conference Summary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trager, S. C.

    2016-10-01

    I present a highly-biased summary of the conference "Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: Big Questions, Large Surveys, and Wide Fields," held 2-6 March 2015 in Santa Cruz de la Palma, Spain. I focus on four issues in this summary: (1) complexity in objects, physics, and instruments is driving the field of large-scale multi-object spectroscopic surveys; (2) statistics is important to drive conclusions, but inference is as or even more important; (3) multi-wavelength surveys are necessary, particularly for understanding galaxies and cosmology; and (4) a large number of new multi-object spectrographs at a wide variety of wavelengths are either already here or will rapidly be available. This conference shows that we are just learning how to get the most (astrophysics) out of these instruments.

  10. Role of U(VI) Reduction by Geobacter species

    SciTech Connect

    Lovely, Derrick

    2008-12-23

    Previous work had suggested that Acholeplasma palmae has a higher capacity for uranium sorption than other bacteria studied. Sorption studies were performed with cells in suspension in various solutions containing uranium, and results were used to generate uranium-biosorption isotherms. Results from this study showed that the U(VI) sorption capacity of G. uraniireducens was relatively similar in simple solutions, such as sodium chloride or bicarbonate. However, this ability to sorb uranium significantly decreased in groundwater. This suggested that certain chemicals present in the groundwater were inhibiting the ability of cell components of Geobacter to adsorb uranium. It was hypothesized that uranium removal would also be diminished in the bicarbonate solution. However, this did not seem to be the case, as uranium was as easily removed in the bicarbonate solution as in the sodium chloride solution.

  11. Design and operation of FACT - the first G-APD Cherenkov telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderhub, H.; Backes, M.; Biland, A.; Boccone, V.; Braun, I.; Bretz, T.; Buß, J.; Cadoux, F.; Commichau, V.; Djambazov, L.; Dorner, D.; Einecke, S.; Eisenacher, D.; Gendotti, A.; Grimm, O.; von Gunten, H.; Haller, C.; Hildebrand, D.; Horisberger, U.; Huber, B.; Kim, K.-S.; Knoetig, M. L.; Köhne, J.-H.; Krähenbühl, T.; Krumm, B.; Lee, M.; Lorenz, E.; Lustermann, W.; Lyard, E.; Mannheim, K.; Meharga, M.; Meier, K.; Montaruli, T.; Neise, D.; Nessi-Tedaldi, F.; Overkemping, A.-K.; Paravac, A.; Pauss, F.; Renker, D.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Röser, U.; Stucki, J.-P.; Schneider, J.; Steinbring, T.; Temme, F.; Thaele, J.; Tobler, S.; Viertel, G.; Vogler, P.; Walter, R.; Warda, K.; Weitzel, Q.; Zänglein, M.

    2013-06-01

    The First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT) is designed to detect cosmic gamma-rays with energies from several hundred GeV up to about 10 TeV using the Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique. In contrast to former or existing telescopes, the camera of the FACT telescope is comprised of solid-state Geiger-mode Avalanche Photodiodes (G-APD) instead of photomultiplier tubes for photo detection. It is the first full-scale device of its kind employing this new technology. The telescope is operated at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain) since fall 2011. This paper describes in detail the design, construction and operation of the system, including hardware and software aspects. Technical experiences gained after one year of operation are discussed and conclusions with regard to future projects are drawn.

  12. Observations of Umbral Flashes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rouppe van der Voort, L. H. M.; Krijger, J. M.

    2003-10-01

    We present observations of oscillations in the chromosphere of the umbra of sunspots. The observations were obtained with the Swedish Vacuum Solar Telescope (SVST) and the Dutch Open Telescope (DOT) on La Palma, comprising spectrograms and filtergrams in the Ca II H line. The sawtooth pattern in the spectroscopic time evolution of the Ca II H core is shown as well as evidence for a connection between umbral flashes and running penumbral waves from image sequences. Running waves, coherent over a large fraction of the penumbra, seem to be excited by flashes that occur close to the umbra-penumbral boundary. Comparing the intensity oscillations in the Ca II H line with TRACE observations in the 1600 Å passband, we find a phase difference of approximately 25 ° with 1600 Å leading the Ca II H intensity oscillation which we attribute to complex dynamical behaviour.

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Multiband surface photometry of 21 BCGs (Micheva+ 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Micheva, G.; Ostlin, G.; Zackrisson, E.; Bergvall, N.; Marquart, T.; Masegosa, J.; Marquez, I.; Cumming, R. J.; Durret, F.

    2013-07-01

    The data consist of optical and NIR broadband imaging (UBVRIHKs), obtained during the period 2003-2007 with ALFOSC (at the Nordic Optical Telescope, NOT, La Palma), MOSCA (NOT), and EMMI (at the European Southern Observatory New Technology Telescope, ESO NTT, La Silla) in the optical, and with NOTCAM (NOT) and SOFI (ESO NTT) in the NIR. Very deep observations are of a volume-limited sample of 21 Blue Compact Galaxies (Emission line galaxies). The images are reduced (bias correction, flatfielding, normalized, aligned, skysubtracted). Calibration to the Vega photometric system in the optical based on Landolt standard stars; in the NIR on 2MASS field stars found in each frame. Total exposure time (seconds) in each filter and galaxy is included in each FITS header as TOTALTIM. Cosmic rays have not been removed. (4 data files).

  14. The IAC Solar Polarimeters: Goals and Review of Two Ongoing Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez Almeida, J.; Collados, M.; Martinez Pillet, V.; Gonzalez Escalera, V.; Scharmer, G. B.; Shand, M.; Moll, L.; Joven, E.; Cruz, A.; Diaz, J. J.; Rodriguez, L. F.; Fuentes, J.; Jochum, L.; Paez, E.; Ronquillo, B.; Carranza, J. M.; Escudero-Sanz, I.

    The IAC is currently developing two similar polarimeters, one for optical wavelengths and one for near infra-red wavelengths (1.5 mu m). Both instruments will provide spectra of the four Stokes parameters over 2D solar regions. The visible spectro-polarimeter will be operated at the Swedish Tower (La Palma), and it is being developed in collaboration with the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. We intend to take advantage of the excellent seeing conditions at this telescope, while maintaining high polarimetric precision. The IR polarimeter is being designed for the German VTT (Tenerife) which has better angular resolution in the near infra-red. This report describes the goals and technical solutions. It also briefs on the current status of the projects.

  15. Parámetros fundamentales de 4 cúmulos estelares débiles de la Nube Mayor de Magallanes determinados a partir de fotometría de Washington

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palma, T.; Clariá, J. J.; Geisler, D.; Bassino, L. P.; Piatti, A. E.; Ahumada, A. V.

    As part of our uninterrupted systematic study of star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), we present preliminary results for 4 faint, un- studied LMC star clusters. Based on CCD images in the Washington system obtained with the 4 m telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observa- tory (Chile), we derive approximate ages and metallicities using theoretical isochrones in the (T,C-T1 ) diagrams. The clusters are aged between 550 and 1300 Myr, being all of them relatively metal-poor. Their approximate radii were estimated from stellar density profiles. The current study will be soon extended into a vast LMC region wherein numerous unstudied star clusters can be found (Palma 2011). FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  16. Edaphic and light conditions of sympatric plant morphotypes in western Amazonia.

    PubMed

    Roncal, Julissa

    2014-01-01

    Here I present a dataset of edaphic and light conditions associated with the occurrence of sympatric morphotypes of Geonomamacrostachys (Arecaceae/Palmae), a candidate case study from Amazonia hypothesized to have evolved under ecological speciation. Transects were established in three lowland rainforests in Peru, and the abundance of each local morphotype of this species was recorded in a total area of 4.95 hectares. Composite soil samples and hemispherical photographs were taken along the transects were the species occurred to obtain information on soil nutrients, soil texture, and indirect measurements of light availability. The raw and summary tables disclose the characteristics of each study site and habitats within them, which could be useful to soil scientists, ecologists, and conservationists engaged in similar research activities or meta-analyses in Amazonia.

  17. Taxonomic history and invasion biology of two Phyllonorycter leaf miners (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) with links to taxonomic and molecular datasets.

    PubMed

    De Prins, Jurate; De Prins, Willy; De Coninck, Eliane; Kawahara, Akito Y; Milton, Megan A; Hebert, Paul D N

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with two European species, Phyllonorycter mespilella (Hübner, 1805) and P. trifasciella (Haworth, 1828), that have colonized the subtropical Canary Islands. The Rosaceae leaf miner, P. mespilella, is recorded for the first time from Lanzarote and La Palma, while the Caprifoliaceae leaf miner, P. trifasciella, is recorded from Tenerife. We present the diagnoses of these species based on morphology, a preliminary DNA barcode (COI) library of congeneric and con-familial species, and discuss the taxonomic position of the colonizers within the blancardella and trifasciella species groups. The recent intensification of anthropogenic disturbance likely accounts for their range expansion, an event that may impact the relict flora present on the Canary Islands.

  18. Potential collapse of the Cumbre Vieja's volcanic edifice (Canary Island; Spain).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riss, Joelle; Tric, Emmanuel; Fabre, Richard; Lebourg, Thomas; Abadie, S.

    2010-05-01

    The younger south part of the La Palma island (Cumbre Nueva) has been growing rapidly southwards and continues to do so to this day; historical volcanic eruptions has occurred during years 1585, 1646, 1677, 1712, 1949 1971. Should a new landslide potentially dangerous happen in the near future? That is the reason we are concerned with modeling the rock slope stability of the south-west flank of the Cumbre Vieja. This scenario of collapse is discussed by Ward and Day (2001) and Day (1999) in the central and south part of Island: the Cumbre Vieja. These authors estimate the potential volume of a future Cumbre Vieja collapse, dropping 150 to 500 km3 of rock in the form of debris avalanche into the Atlantic Ocean, inducing the tsunami wave. In the work we examine the slope instability of the western flank of La Palma Island using the both FDM and FEM numerical codes, respectively Finite Different Method and Finite Element method. This report examines the potential instability of Cumbre Vieja volcanoes with exclusively variation of Mohr-Coulomb criterions and groundwater height into the volcanoes (geotechnical parameters). The calculation model is utilized to predict the behaviour of a potentially massive flank failure at Cumbre Vieja volcano on the La Palma Island. In this contribution, we present an application of the 2D numerical approach of stability of western flank of La Palma, using both numerical codes of calculation: Finite different method (FDM; 2D FLAC Slope version) and Finite elements method (FEM; ADELI computer code calculation). In this contribution the mechanical characterisation of the volcanic rocks of Cumbre Vieja are partially deduced to the laboratory tests (density, porosity, Young modulus) and by the authors working to the Canary Islands (c', φ'): it's the Mohr-Coulomb criterions. From of field geological investigations, a west east cross section through the Montana del Fuego has been chosen for mechanical modelling and stability calculations

  19. Microwave palaeointensity results from the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic field reversal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Maxwell C.; Gratton, Martin N.; Shaw, John; Holme, Richard; Soler, Vicente

    2009-03-01

    We present new palaeointensity and palaeodirectional results from the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic field reversal. Volcanic sequences from La Palma and Guadeloupe record the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary, possible precursors, and fluctuations in the magnetic field prior to the main polarity reversal. Absolute palaeointensity was determined using the microwave technique and palaeodirectional results were obtained from thermal demagnetisation. Ten flows from the 29 flows studied gave reliable mean palaeointensities; however, only 1 of the 10 flows records a transitional direction. The VDM determined from this flow is 1.9 ± 0.6 (± σ) × 1022 A m2. Analysis of all Matuyama-Brunhes data suggests that the main directional changes occurred once the VDM was reduced below 3 × 1022 A m2(∼35% of the present field value).

  20. Geochemical and H-O-Sr-Nd isotope evidence for magmatic processes and meteoric-water interactions in the basal complex of La Gomera, Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demény, A.; Casillas, R.; Hegner, E.; Vennemann, T. W.; Nagy, G.; Sipos, P.

    2010-03-01

    The plutonic rocks of the Basal Complex of La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain, were studied by means of major and trace element contents and by H-O-Sr-Nd isotope compositions in order to distinguish primary magmatic characteristics and late-stage alteration products. Deciphering the effects of alteration allowed us to determine primary, plume-related compositions that indicated D- and 18O-depletion relative to normal upper mantle, supporting the conclusions of earlier studies on the plutonic rocks of Fuerteventura and La Palma. Late-stage alteration took place during the formation of the intrusive series induced by interaction with meteoric water. Inferred isotopic compositions of the meteoric water indicate that the water infiltrated into the rock edifice at a height of about 1500 m above sea level, suggesting the existence of a subaerial volcano which was active during the intrusive activity and that it has been either distroyed or remain buried by later volcanic and landslide events.

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 5yr radial velocity measurements of 19 Cepheids (Anderson+, 2016)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, R. I.; Casertano, S.; Riess, A. G.; Melis, C.; Holl, B.; Semaan, T.; Papics, P. I.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Eyer, L.; Mowlavi, N.; Palaversa, L.; Roelens, M.

    2016-11-01

    We here present a detailed investigation of spectroscopic binarity of the 19 Cepheids for which HST/WFC3 spatial scan parallaxes are being recorded (Riess+ 2014ApJ...785..161R; Casertano+ 2016ApJ...825...11C). We have secured time-series observations from three different high-resolution echelle spectrographs: Coralie (R~60000) at the Swiss 1.2m Euler telescope located at La Silla Observatory, Chile; Hermes (R~85000) at the Flemish 1.2m Mercator telescope located at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain; Hamilton (R~60000) at the 3m Shane telescope located at Lick Observatory, California, USA. (8 data files).

  2. Evidence for CNO processed material in the accretion disk of GP Comae

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marsh, T. R.; Horne, Keith; Rosen, Simon

    1991-01-01

    NIR spectroscopic observations of GP Com are reported. Data obtained using the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope and the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope at La Palma during April and June 1988 and with the 5-m Hale reflector at Palomar Observatory during January 1983 are presented in tables and sample spectra and discussed in detail. Number ratios H/He less than 0.00001, N/O = about 50, and N/C greater than 100 are calculated under the assumption of a uniform optically thin slab of gas in LTE. From the N overabundance it is inferred that the material observed is being extracted by Roche-lobe overflow from the secondary's H-exhausted core, at a time after most C and O have been converted to N in the CNO cycle.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Berkeley 90. III. Cluster parameters (Marco+, 2017)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marco, A.; Negueruela, I.

    2017-01-01

    We present tables with coordinates in J2000, Johnson photometry and near-IR photometry for stars in the open cluster Berkeley 90 and a field to the southeast of this region. We used the imager and spectrograph Andalucia Faint Object Spectrograph and Camera (ALFOSC) on the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) at the La Palma observatory to obtain UBVR photometry on the night of 2007 July 9, and spectroscopy of 20 selected stars on the nights of 2004 October 4, 2005 October 2-4 and 2007 July 10. We also downloaded UKIDSS (https://www.ukidss.org/archive/archive.html) images in the JHKS filters to perform deep near-IR photometry. (2 data files).

  4. GTC Optical Spectroscopy of TeV Blazars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paiano, Simona; Falomo, R.; Treves, A.; Landoni, M.; Scarpa, R.; Righi, C.

    2016-10-01

    We carried out an extensive spectroscopic campaign of blazars of unknown or uncertain redshift which are either detected in the TeV band by Cherenkov telescopes or good candidate as TeV emitters. We used the OSIRIS spectrograph at the Gran Telescopio of Canarias (GTC) at La Palma to secure high signal-to-noise ratio spectra at intermediate resolution in the range 3800-10000 Ang. These observations allow us to confirm the blazar classification, to find new redshift and/or to set stringent lower limits. The results are discussed in the context of emission modeling of TeV sources and are of importance for the characterization of the Extragalactic Background Light.

  5. Water Vapor Monitoring at the Roque de LOS Muchachos Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez-Espinosa, J. M.; Kidger, M.; del Rosario, J. C.; Trancho, G.

    1997-12-01

    We present the first results from a long-term campaign of water vapor monitoring at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (Canary Islands, Spain). This observatory is situated on a volcanic peak, on the small island of La Palma. Although its altitude is relatively low (2400 meters), our initial site-testing, taken for site selection for the Spanish 10m telescope project, shows that a significant fraction of nights have water vapor column of 1mm, or lower, with values of 2mm and lower being relatively common, even in summer. The water vapor column can be stable at under 1mm for several nights, with only minimal variations. We contrast the results obtained using an infrared radiometer (on loan from Kitt Peak National Observatory), with those obtained using the 940nm water vapor line and comment briefly on plans for future automatic monitoring of water vapor at the observatory.

  6. Introduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutten, René G. M.

    2006-01-01

    These proceedings are the fruits of a workshop held on the island of La Palma from 9 to 11 May 2005, hosted by the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes. The meeting was inspired by the fact that integral-field spectroscopy and adaptive optics techniques are coming of age and being deployed on several telescopes around the world. The combination of integral-field spectrographs and adaptive optics is still a relatively unexplored area where the potential benefits for astronomy are huge. The scientific prospects are particularly promising in the areas of: the dynamics of the central regions of galaxies and active galactic nuclei; spectroscopy of gravitationally lensed high-redshift galaxies; star forming regions and outflow of evolved stars, and the dynamics of crowded stellar fields.

  7. Response of nighttime equatorial and low latitude F-region to the geomagnetic storm of August 18, 2003, in the Brazilian sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahai, Y.; Becker-Guedes, F.; Fagundes, P. R.; Lima, W. L. C.; Otsuka, Y.; Huang, C.-S.; Espinoza, E. S.; Pi, X.; de Abreu, A. J.; Bolzan, M. J. A.; Pillat, V. G.; Abalde, J. R.; Pimenta, A. A.; Bittencourt, J. A.

    This paper presents an investigation of geomagnetic storm effects in the equatorial and low latitude F-region in the Brazilian sector during the intense geomagnetic storm on 18 August, 2003 (SSC 14:21 UT on 17/08; ΣKp = 52+; Ap = 108; ∣Dst∣ max = 168 at 1600 UT on 18/08). Simultaneous ionospheric sounding measurements from two stations, viz., Palmas (10.2°S, 48.2°W; dip latitude 5.7°S) and Sao Jose dos Campos (23.2°S, 45.9°W; dip latitude 17.6°S), Brazil, are presented for the nights of 16-17, 17-18 and 18-19 August, 2003 (quiet, disturbed and recovery phases). Both stations are equipped with the Canadian Advanced Digital Ionosonde (CADI). Quiet and disturbed conditions of the F-region ionosphere are compared using data collected from the two stations. The relationship between magnetospheric disturbance and low-latitude ionospheric dynamics, and generation of ionospheric irregularities are discussed. On the disturbed nights (17-18 and 18-19 August), the low latitude station S. J. Campos showed strong enhancements in the F-region critical frequency (foF2), whereas the near equatorial station Palmas showed strong uplifting of the F-layer about 1 h earlier. Normally during the June solstice months (May-August) in the Brazilian sector, large-scale ionospheric irregularities in form of plasma bubbles are rarely observed. On the night of 17-18 August, ionsospheric sounding observations at Palmas showed the presence of bottomside spread-F, whereas on the night of 18-19 August, the observations at Palmas and S. J. Campos showed the presence of plasma bubbles when the storm recovery phase had just started. The complementary GPS data available from several stations in the "Rede Brasileira de Monitoramento Continuo de GPS (Brazilian Network for Continuous GPS Monitoring)" are used to obtain the vertical total electron content (VTEC) and the rate of change of TEC per minute on UT days 18 and 19 August, 2003 and presented. Also, several global ionospheric TEC maps

  8. SWAYING THREADS OF A SOLAR FILAMENT

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Y.; Engvold, O.; Langangen, Oe.; Rouppe van der Voort, L. H. M.; Soler, R.; Ballester, J. L.; Oliver, R.

    2009-10-10

    From recent high-resolution observations obtained with the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope in La Palma, we detect swaying motions of individual filament threads in the plane of the sky. The oscillatory characters of these motions are comparable with oscillatory Doppler signals obtained from corresponding filament threads. Simultaneous recordings of motions in the line of sight and in the plane of the sky give information about the orientation of the oscillatory plane. These oscillations are interpreted in the context of the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory. Kink MHD waves supported by the thread body are proposed as an explanation of the observed thread oscillations. On the basis of this interpretation and by means of seismological arguments, we give an estimation of the thread Alfven speed and magnetic field strength by means of seismological arguments.

  9. ULTRACAM: an ultrafast, triple-beam CCD camera for high-speed astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhillon, V. S.; Marsh, T. R.; Stevenson, M. J.; Atkinson, D. C.; Kerry, P.; Peacocke, P. T.; Vick, A. J. A.; Beard, S. M.; Ives, D. J.; Lunney, D. W.; McLay, S. A.; Tierney, C. J.; Kelly, J.; Littlefair, S. P.; Nicholson, R.; Pashley, R.; Harlaftis, E. T.; O'Brien, K.

    2007-07-01

    ULTRACAM is a portable, high-speed imaging photometer designed to study faint astronomical objects at high temporal resolutions. ULTRACAM employs two dichroic beamsplitters and three frame-transfer CCD cameras to provide three-colour optical imaging at frame rates of up to 500 Hz. The instrument has been mounted on both the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope on La Palma and the 8.2-m Very Large Telescope in Chile, and has been used to study white dwarfs, brown dwarfs, pulsars, black hole/neutron star X-ray binaries, gamma-ray bursts, cataclysmic variables, eclipsing binary stars, extrasolar planets, flare stars, ultracompact binaries, active galactic nuclei, asteroseismology and occultations by Solar System objects (Titan, Pluto and Kuiper Belt objects). In this paper we describe the scientific motivation behind ULTRACAM, present an outline of its design and report on its measured performance.

  10. Calibration of the Boltwood Cloud Sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchant, Jonathan; Smith, Robert J.; Steele, Iain A.

    2008-07-01

    The commercially-available Boltwood Cloud Sensor couples a sky-facing non-imaging thermopile operating in the 8-14 micron range with an ambient air thermometer, to determine the relative sky temperature, and thus indicate the presence of cloud. A Boltwood sensor was installed on the Liverpool Telescope's weather mast on La Palma in the Canary Islands in September 2006 in order to investigate its response to both thick and thin cloud at both low and high (cirrus) levels. An additional aim was to investigate the detectability of calima (Saharan dust) that is occasionally blown over the islands. In this paper we present the results of our investigations, presenting correlations between the observed temperature differential and photometricity as determined from the observation of photometric standard stars, and give some useful "rules-of-thumb" for others considering using such devices.

  11. The JOSO site testing campaigns in the Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandt, P. N.; Righini, A.

    Two sites in Tenerife and La Palma in the Canary Islands were tested for suitability for a new solar observatory. The island sites were examined because of the uniform atmosphere expected in sea breeze areas. Portable telescopes were used to assess the optical quality of the atmosphere. Turbulence was measured with microthermal sensors on masts up to 30 m tall and with a microthermal sensor mounted on an aircraft wing. Long-term wind velocity and direction data were gathered with instrumentation on masts. The sites, although at times embedded in turbulence due to ground heating, were both easily cleared by the appearance of a sea breeze. The conditions are so steady that the peculiarities of the large-scale airmass over the Atlantic are the controlling factors of the seeing quality.

  12. Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in South Florida native plants.

    PubMed

    Fisher, Jack B; Jayachandran, K

    2005-11-01

    The roots of 27 species of South Florida plants in 15 families (including one cycad, six palms, one Smilax, and 19 dicotyledons) native to pine rockland and tropical hardwood hammock communities were examined for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). These plants grow in the biologically diverse but endangered Greater Everglades habitat. Roots from field-grown and potted plants were cleared and stained. All 27 species had AMF and include 14 species having an endangered or threatened status. The Paris-type colonization occurred in two species in the families Annonaceae and Smilacaceae. The Arum-type occurred in 22 species in the families Anacardiaceae, Arecaceae (Palmae), Boraginaceae, Cactaceae (questionable), Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Lauraceae, Melastomataceae, Polygalaceae, Rubiaceae, Simaroubaceae, Ulmaceae, and Zamiaceae. Three species in the families Fabaceae, Lauraceae, and Simaroubaceae had a mix of Paris- and Arum-types. The results have implications for the restoration of these endangered plant communities in the Everglades.

  13. AOLI: near-diffraction limited imaging in the visible on large ground-based telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mackay, Craig; Rebolo, Rafael; King, David L.; Labadie, Lucas; Puga, Marta; Pérez Garrido, Antonio; Colodro-Conde, Carlos; Lopez, Roberto L.; Muthusubramanian, Balaji; Oscoz, Alejandro; Rodríguez Ramos, J.; Rodrigo-Ramos, Luis F.; Fernandez-Valdivia, J. J.; Velasco, Sergio

    2016-08-01

    The combination of Lucky Imaging with a low order adaptive optics system was demonstrated very successfully on the Palomar 5m telescope nearly 10 years ago. It is still the only system to give such high-resolution images in the visible or near infrared on ground-based telescope of faint astronomical targets. The development of AOLI for deployment initially on the WHT 4.2 m telescope in La Palma, Canary Islands, will be described in this paper. In particular, we will look at the design and status of our low order curvature wavefront sensor which has been somewhat simplified to make it more efficient, ensuring coverage over much of the sky with natural guide stars as reference object. AOLI uses optically butted electron multiplying CCDs to give an imaging array of 2000 x 2000 pixels.

  14. Final two-stage MOAO on-sky demonstration with CANARY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gendron, E.; Morris, T.; Basden, A.; Vidal, F.; Atkinson, D.; Bitenc, U.; Buey, T.; Chemla, F.; Cohen, M.; Dickson, C.; Dipper, N.; Feautrier, P.; Gach, J.-L.; Gratadour, D.; Henry, D.; Huet, J.-M.; Morel, C.; Morris, S.; Myers, R.; Osborn, J.; Perret, D.; Reeves, A.; Rousset, G.; Sevin, A.; Stadler, E.; Talbot, G.; Todd, S.; Younger, E.

    2016-07-01

    CANARY is an on-sky Laser Guide Star (LGS) tomographic AO demonstrator in operation at the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) in La Palma. From the early demonstration of open-loop tomography on a single deformable mirror using natural guide stars in 2010, CANARY has been progressively upgraded each year to reach its final goal in July 2015. It is now a two-stage system that mimics the future E-ELT: a GLAO-driven woofer based on 4 laser guide stars delivers a ground-layer compensated field to a figure sensor locked tweeter DM, that achieves the final on-axis tomographic compensation. We present the overall system, the control strategy and an overview of its on-sky performance.

  15. Developments in fiber-positioning technology for the WEAVE instrument at the William Herschel Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schallig, Ellen; Lewis, Ian J.; Gilbert, James; Dalton, Gavin; Brock, Matthew; Abrams, Don Carlos; Middleton, Kevin; Aguerri, J. Alfonso L.; Bonifacio, Piercarlo; Carrasco, Esperanza; Trager, Scott C.; Vallenari, Antonella

    2016-08-01

    WEAVE is the next-generation wide-field optical spectroscopy facility for the William Herschel Telescope (WHT) on La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain. It is a multi-object "pick-and-place" fibre-fed spectrograph with a 1000 fibre multiplex behind a new dedicated 2° prime focus corrector. The WEAVE positioner concept uses two robots working in tandem in order to reconfigure a fully populated field within the expected 1 hour dwell-time for the instrument (a good match between the required exposure times and the limit of validity for a given configuration due to the effects of differential refraction). In this paper we describe some of the final design decisions arising from the prototyping phase of the instrument design and provide an update on the current manufacturing status of the fibre positioner system.

  16. Performance of the MAGIC stereo system obtained with Crab Nebula data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aleksić, J.; Alvarez, E. A.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.; Asensio, M.; Backes, M.; Barrio, J. A.; Bastieri, D.; Becerra González, J.; Bednarek, W.; Berdyugin, A.; Berger, K.; Bernardini, E.; Biland, A.; Blanch, O.; Bock, R. K.; Boller, A.; Bonnoli, G.; Borla Tridon, D.; Braun, I.; Bretz, T.; Cañellas, A.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Colin, P.; Colombo, E.; Contreras, J. L.; Cortina, J.; Cossio, L.; Covino, S.; Dazzi, F.; de Angelis, A.; de Caneva, G.; de Cea Del Pozo, E.; de Lotto, B.; Delgado Mendez, C.; Diago Ortega, A.; Doert, M.; Domínguez, A.; Dominis Prester, D.; Dorner, D.; Doro, M.; Elsaesser, D.; Ferenc, D.; Fonseca, M. V.; Font, L.; Fruck, C.; García López, R. J.; Garczarczyk, M.; Garrido, D.; Giavitto, G.; Godinović, N.; Hadasch, D.; Häfner, D.; Herrero, A.; Hildebrand, D.; Höhne-Mönch, D.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Huber, B.; Jogler, T.; Kellermann, H.; Klepser, S.; Krähenbühl, T.; Krause, J.; La Barbera, A.; Lelas, D.; Leonardo, E.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; López, M.; López-Oramas, A.; Lorenz, E.; Makariev, M.; Maneva, G.; Mankuzhiyil, N.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Mariotti, M.; Martínez, M.; Mazin, D.; Meucci, M.; Miranda, J. M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Miyamoto, H.; Moldón, J.; Moralejo, A.; Munar-Adrover, P.; Nieto, D.; Nilsson, K.; Orito, R.; Oya, I.; Paneque, D.; Paoletti, R.; Pardo, S.; Paredes, J. M.; Partini, S.; Pasanen, M.; Pauss, F.; Perez-Torres, M. A.; Persic, M.; Peruzzo, L.; Pilia, M.; Pochon, J.; Prada, F.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Prandini, E.; Puljak, I.; Reichardt, I.; Reinthal, R.; Rhode, W.; Ribó, M.; Rico, J.; Rügamer, S.; Saggion, A.; Saito, K.; Saito, T. Y.; Salvati, M.; Satalecka, K.; Scalzotto, V.; Scapin, V.; Schultz, C.; Schweizer, T.; Shayduk, M.; Shore, S. N.; Sillanpää, A.; Sitarek, J.; Snidaric, I.; Sobczynska, D.; Spanier, F.; Spiro, S.; Stamatescu, V.; Stamerra, A.; Steinke, B.; Storz, J.; Strah, N.; Surić, T.; Takalo, L.; Takami, H.; Tavecchio, F.; Temnikov, P.; Terzić, T.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Treves, A.; Uellenbeck, M.; Vankov, H.; Vogler, P.; Wagner, R. M.; Weitzel, Q.; Zabalza, V.; Zandanel, F.; Zanin, R.

    2012-02-01

    MAGIC is a system of two Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes located in the Canary island of La Palma. Since autumn 2009 both telescopes have been working together in stereoscopic mode, providing a significant improvement with respect to the previous single-telescope observations. We use observations of the Crab Nebula taken at low zenith angles to assess the performance of the MAGIC stereo system. The trigger threshold of the MAGIC telescopes is 50 - 60 GeV. Advanced stereo analysis techniques allow MAGIC to achieve a sensitivity as good as (0.76 ± 0.03)% of the Crab Nebula flux in 50 h of observations above 290 GeV. The angular resolution at those energies is better than ˜0.07°. We also perform a detailed study of possible systematic effects which may influence the analysis of the data taken with the MAGIC telescopes.

  17. Radio and Optical Follow-Up Observations and Improved IPN Position of GRB 970111

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Galama, T. J.; Groot, P. J.; Strom, R. G.; vanParadijs, J.; Hurley, K.; Kouveliotou, C.; Fishman, G. J.; Meegan, C. A.; Heise, J.; intZand, J. J. M.

    1997-01-01

    We report on Westerbork 840 MHz, 1.4 and 5 GHz radio observations of the improved IPN-WFC error box of the gamma ray burst GRB 970111, between 26.4 hours and 120 days after the event onset. In the approximately 16 sq arcmin area defined by the IPN (BATSE and Ulysses) annulus and the published refined BeppoSAX Wide Field Camera (WFC) error box we detected no steady sources brighter than 0.56 mJy (4sigma), and no varying radio emission, down to 1.0 mJy (4sigma). We also report on B, V, R and I band observations of the error box with the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope at La Palma. Subject headings: gamma rays: bursts - gamma rays: individual (GRB 9701 1 1)

  18. Presence of free arginine associated with susceptibility to lethal yellowing of palms.

    PubMed

    McCoy, R E

    1984-10-01

    Thin-layer chromatographic evaluations of the distribution patterns of 28 free amino acids and amines in the foliage of 18 species and cultivars of Palmae grown in Florida revealed that arginine was readily detected in susceptible palm types, but was absent or present at minimal detectable levels in resistant or immune palms. No apparent relationship could be discerned for any other amino acid as far as varietal resistance to lethal yellowing disease was concerned. Additional studies to verify this potential relationship by high-performance liquid chromatography are in progress. This information can be of value in breeding programs selecting for palm cultivars resistant to this disease. These data also suggest that the lethal yellowing mycoplasma-like organism may hydrolyze arginine.

  19. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny and sequential colonization of Canary Islands by darkling beetles of the genus Pimelia (Tenebrionidae).

    PubMed

    Juan, C; Oromi, P; Hewitt, G M

    1995-08-22

    Fifteen species of the darkling beetle genus Pimelia (Tenebrionidae: Coleoptera) have been sequenced for a 365 b.p. portion of the mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I gene. Thirteen of these are endemic species inhibiting the Canarian archipelago in the Atlantic and the other two are continental conspecifics. This data set has been phylogenetically analysed by maximum parsimony and distance approaches and the resulting trees used to deduce sequential interisland colonization. This suggests patterns compatible with the geological dating of the islands, but with increasing uncertainty when older events are considered. A colonization sequence from Fuerteventura to Tenerife followed by Tenerife to Gran Canarian and La Gomera, and from the latter to La Palma and then to El Hierro is proposed for the genus. A relatively recent secondary colonization from Gran Canaria to Gomera is deduced.

  20. SIMULTANEOUS MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF MARKARIAN 421 DURING OUTBURST

    SciTech Connect

    Acciari, V. A.; Benbow, W.; Aliu, E.; Aune, T.; Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R.; Boettcher, M.; Bradbury, S. M.; Butt, Y.; Cannon, A.; Celik, O.; Chow, Y. C.; Cesarini, A.; Ciupik, L.; Cogan, P.; Colin, P.; Cui, W.; Duke, C. E-mail: cui@physics.purdue.ed

    2009-09-20

    We report on the results of two coordinated multiwavelength campaigns that focused on the blazar Markarian 421 during its 2006 and 2008 outbursts. These campaigns obtained UV and X-ray data using the XMM-Newton satellite, while the gamma-ray data were obtained utilizing three imaging atmospheric Cerenkov telescopes, the Whipple 10 m telescope and VERITAS, both based in Arizona, as well as the MAGIC telescope, based on La Palma in the Canary Islands. The coordinated effort between the gamma-ray groups allowed for truly simultaneous data in UV/X-ray/gamma-ray wavelengths during a significant portion of the XMM-Newton observations. This simultaneous coverage allowed for a reliable search for correlations between UV, X-ray, and gamma-ray variability over the course of the observations. Investigations of spectral hysteresis and modeling of the spectral energy distributions are also presented.

  1. The Gaia Spectrophotometric Standard Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordi, C.; Carrasco, J. M.; Pancino, E.; Altavilla, G.; Marinoni, S.; Cocozza, G.; Figueras, F.; Voss, H.; Galleti, S.; Ragaini, S.; Schuster, W.; Fabricius, C.; Monguió, M.; Masana, E.; Bellazzini, M.; Cacciari, C.; Bragaglia, A.; Weiler, M.; Bragaglia, A.

    2013-05-01

    The paper describes the spectrophotometric instrument of Gaia ESA's mission and the principles of the internal and absolute calibrations of the measurements. Special emphasis is made on the ongoing observational survey aimed at building a grid of about 200 spectrophotometric standard stars, with an internal precision of 1% and tied to Vega within a few percent, for the absolute flux calibration of Gaia photometry. Until now, more than 400 observing nights were devoted to the project, distributed in several observatories (CAHA in Almería, TNG in La Palma, NTT in La Silla, San Pedro Mártir in México, Loiano in Italy, and many partial nights with robotic REM in La Silla) and for both spectroscopic and photometric campaigns (Pancino et al. 2012, MNRAS, 426, 1767). Additional observations are still needed for finalising the absolute photometric calibrations and for continuing the monitoring of variability (short and long term) in order to discard non optimal candidates.

  2. Use and diversity of palm (Arecaceae) resources in Central Western Brazil.

    PubMed

    Martins, Renata Corrêa; Filgueiras, Tarciso de Sousa; Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino

    2014-01-01

    Arecaceae Schultz-Sch. (Palmae Juss.), a member of the monocotyledon group, is considered one of the oldest extant angiosperm families on Earth. This family is highly valuable because of its species diversity, its occurrence in a wide range of habitats, and its status as an integral part of the culture and the family-based economy of many traditional and nontraditional communities. The main objectives of this study were to perform an ethnobotanical study involving these palms and a "Quilombola" (Maroon) community in the municipality of Cavalcante, GO, Brazil. The variables gender, age, and formal schooling had no influence on the number of species recognized and used by the Kalungas. Ethnobotanical studies based on traditional knowledge in addition to use and management of palms are fundamental aspects for planning and appliance of public policies directed to the use of natural resources and improvement of life quality.

  3. The search for delta Scuti stars in open clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frandsen, S.; Arentoft, T.

    1998-05-01

    In order to improve the tests of models of stellar evolution, observations giving tighter constraints on the models were initiated by the formation of an informal group STACC (Frandsen, 1992). The purpose of the group is to search for and make observations of delta Scuti stars in open clusters. This paper presents some of the results of the search, mainly for distant open clusters with a rich population of variables. Included is an announcement of a target list (Frandsen & Arentoft 1998, The Book) and four examples of new Colour-Magnitude (CM) diagrams of open clusters considered to be interesting targets. Finally, we present the fruits of extensive searching: an open cluster that contains many delta Scuti stars. Based on observations made at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, the Nordic Optical Telescope, ORM, La Palma and the IAC80, OT, Tenerife

  4. Near-Earth asteroids: Observer alert network and physical observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, Donald R.; Chapman, Clark R.

    1992-01-01

    This project strives to obtain physical observations on newly discovered Near-Earth Objects (NEO's) in order to provide fundamental data needed to assess the resources available in the population. The goal is acquiring data on all objects brighter than magnitude V= 17.0. To accomplish this, an electronic mail alert and observer information service that informs observers around the world as to the status of physical observations on currently observable NEO's was established. Such data is also acquired ourselves through a cooperative program with European colleagues that uses telescopes on La Palma to obtain spectra of NEO's and through observations made from a local telescope on Tumamoc Hill. This latter telescope has the advantage that large amounts of observing time are available, so that whenever a new NEO's discovered, we can be assured of getting time to observe it.

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Revised Bologna Catalog of M31 clusters, V.3 Galleti+, 2007)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galleti, S.; Bellazzini, M.; Federici, L.; Buzzoni, A.; Fusi Pecci, F.

    2007-11-01

    The imager/spectrograph DoLoRes at the 3.52m TNG telescope in La Palma (Canary Island, Spain) was used in service mode in various nights during the period October-December, 2005 (Run 1), and in visitor mode in the nights of October 10-15, 2006 (Run 2), to acquire long slit spectra of 38 M 31 CGCs. Long slit spectra for 16 CGCs in M 31 were obtained with the low resolution spectrograph BFOSC mounted at the 1.52m Cassini Telescope of the Loiano Observatory, near Bologna (Italy), during several runs in 2006: August 19-22 (Run 1), September 1-2 (Run 2), October 25-27 (Run 3), and November 22-23 (Run 4). (3 data files).

  6. Improving hollow fiber dialyzer efficiency with a recirculating dialysate system. I: Theory and applicability.

    PubMed

    Prado, Manuel; Roa, Laura M; Palma, Alfonso; Milán, José A

    2005-05-01

    The mathematical theory that underlies a novel non-regenerated recirculating dialysate system (RDS) for improving diffusive clearance in hemodialyzers is presented. The theory states the conditions that hemodialyzers must meet to be suitable in RDS optimization. We have verified the applicability of the RDS for several Cuprophan and polysulfone (PS) commercial dialyzers, showing that PS (synthetic) membranes achieve the highest increments of diffusive clearance. A numerical simulation analysis over more general conditions defined by the dimensionless groups of the system demonstrated that the highest diffusive clearance improvements are achieved in dialyzers operating with a low value of the diffusive mass-transfer area/blood flow rate ratio. This study has provided the base for the assessment of the performance of the RDS as compared to several high-efficiency systems, presented in Part II of this work [M. Prado, L. M. Roa, A. Palma, and J. A. Milan, Ann. Biomed. Eng. (2004) submitted].

  7. Edaphic and light conditions of sympatric plant morphotypes in western Amazonia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Here I present a dataset of edaphic and light conditions associated with the occurrence of sympatric morphotypes of Geonoma macrostachys (Arecaceae/Palmae), a candidate case study from Amazonia hypothesized to have evolved under ecological speciation. Transects were established in three lowland rainforests in Peru, and the abundance of each local morphotype of this species was recorded in a total area of 4.95 hectares. Composite soil samples and hemispherical photographs were taken along the transects were the species occurred to obtain information on soil nutrients, soil texture, and indirect measurements of light availability. The raw and summary tables disclose the characteristics of each study site and habitats within them, which could be useful to soil scientists, ecologists, and conservationists engaged in similar research activities or meta-analyses in Amazonia. PMID:24891831

  8. Origins.

    PubMed

    Weinberg, S

    1985-10-04

    The farthest of the galaxies that can be seen through the large ground-based telescopes of modern astronomy, such as those on La Palma in the Canary Islands, are so far away that they appear as they did close to the time of the origin of the universe, perhaps some 10 billion years ago. Much has been learned, and much has still to be learned, about the young universe from optical and radio telescopes, but these instruments cannot be used to look directly at the universe in its first few hundred thousand years. Instead, they are used to search the relatively recent past for relics of much earlier times. Together with experiments planned for the next generation of elementary particle accelerators, astronomical observations should continue to extend what is known about the universe backward in time to the Big Bang and may eventually help to reveal the origins of the physical laws that govern the universe.

  9. Avian pox in white-tailed laurel-pigeons from the Canary Islands.

    PubMed

    Manuel Medina, Félix; Adolfo Ramírez, Gustavo; Hernández, Antonio

    2004-04-01

    Two diseased young white-tailed laurel-pigeons (Columba junoniae), an endemic and endangered species of the Canary Islands (Spain), were found in La Palma. They were very depressed and had severe cutaneous yellowish nodular lesions in feathered and unfeathered areas on the bodies of both birds. Necropsy and histopathologic analyses were conducted. The presence of epidermal hypertrophy and hyperplasia in cutaneous lesions, as well as several acidophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in affected epithelial cells (Bollinger bodies), confirmed avian poxvirus infection. This is the first report of avian pox in whitetailed laurel-pigeons or in any other free-ranging bird in the Canaries, and it might indicate that other threatened birds of the Canarian Archipelago may be affected by this viral disease.

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: GAPS V: Global analysis of the XO-2 system (Damasso+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damasso, M.; Biazzo, K.; Bonomo, A. S.; Desidera, S.; Lanza, A. F.; Nascimbeni, V.; Esposito, M.; Scandariato, G.; Sozzetti, A.; Cosentino, R.; Gratton, R.; Malavolta, L.; Rainer, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Poretti, E.; Zanmar Sanchez, R.; Ribas, I.; Santos, N.; Affer, L.; Andreuzzi, G.; Barbieri, M.; Bedin, L. R.; Benatti, S.; Bernagozzi, A.; Bertolini, E.; Bonavita, M.; Borsa, F.; Borsato, L.; Boschin, W.; Calcidese, P.; Carbognani, A.; Cenadelli, D.; Christille, J. M.; Claudi, R. U.; Covino, E.; Cunial, A.; Giacobbe, P.; Granata, V.; Harutyunyan, A.; Lattanzi, M. G.; Leto, G.; Libralato, M.; Lodato, G.; Lorenzi, V.; Mancini, L.; Martinez Fiorenzano, A. F.; Marzari, F.; Masiero, S.; Micela, G.; Molinari, E.; Molinaro, M.; Munari, U.; Murabito, S.; Pagano, I.; Pedani, M.; Piotto, G.; Rosenberg, A.; Silvotti, R.; Southworth, J.

    2015-01-01

    Photometric data of the two companion stars in the XO-2 binary system, and radial velocities of XO-2N used in our analysis. Transit light curves of XO-2N and related to its hot Jupiter XO-2Nb come from the TASTE project (Nasimbeni et al., 2011A&A...527A..85N, Cat. J/A+A/527/A85). Light curves of both XO-2N and XO-2S were collected by the APACHE survey (e.g. Sozzetti et al., Hot Planets and Cool Stars, EPJ Web of Conferences, Volume 47, id.03006, 2013) and were used in particular to determine the rotation period of the two binary components. Radial velocities of XO-2N were measured with the HARPS-N spectrograph at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG), based at La Palma, Canary islands. (4 data files).

  11. Supernova remnants and pulsar wind nebulae as seen by the MAGIC Cherenkov Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Cea Del Pozo, Elsa; Anderhub, H.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.; Backes, M.; Baixeras, C.; Balestra, S.; Barrio, J. A.; Bastieri, D.; Becerra Gonzalez, J.; Becker, J. K.; Bednarek, W.; Berger, K.; Bernardini, E.; Biland, A.; Bock, R. K.; Bonnoli, G.; Bordas, P.; Borla Tridon, D.; Bosch-Ramon, V.; Bose, D.; Braun, I.; Bretz, T.; Britzger, D.; Camara, M.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Colin, P.; Commichau, S.; Contreras, J. L.; Cortina, J.; Costado, M. T.; Covino, S.; Dazzi, F.; de Angelis, A.; de Cea Del Pozo, E.; de Los Reyes, R.; de Lotto, B.; de Maria, M.; de Sabata, F.; Delgado Mendez, C.; Dominguez, A.; Dominis Prester, D.; Dorner, D.; Doro, M.; Elsaesser, D.; Errando, M.; Ferenc, D.; Fernandez, E.; Firpo, R.; Fonseca, M. V.; Font, L.; Galante, N.; Garcia Lopez, R. J.; Garczarczyk, M.; Gaug, M.; Godinovic, N.; Goebel, F.; Hadasch, D.; Herrero, A.; Hildebrand, D.; Hoehne-Moench, D.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Hsu, C. C.; Jogler, T.; Klepser, S.; Kranich, D.; La Barbera, A.; Laille, A.; Leonardo, E.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; Longo, F.; Lopez, M.; Lorenz, E.; Majumdar, P.; Maneva, G.; Mankuzhiyil, N.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Mariotti, M.; Martinez, M.; Mazin, D.; Meucci1, M.; Miranda, J. M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Miyamoto, H.; Moldon, J.; Moles, M.; Moralejo, A.; Nieto, D.; Nilsson, K.; Ninkovic, J.; Orito, R.; Oya, I.; Paoletti, R.; Paredes, J. M.; Pasanen, M.; Pascoli, D.; Pauss, F.; Pegna, R. G.; Perez-Torres, M. A.; Persic, M.; Peruzzo, L.; Prada, F.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Prandini, E.; Puchades, N.; Puljak, I.; Reichardt, I.; Rhode, W.; Ribo, M.; Rico, J.; Rissi, M.; Rugamer, S.; Saggion, A.; Saito, T. Y.; Salvati, M.; Sanchez-Conde, M.; Satalecka, K.; Scalzotto, V.; Scapin, V.; Schweizer, T.; Shayduk, M.; Shore, S. N.; Sierpowska-Bartosik, A.; Sillanpaa, A.; Sitarek, J.; Sobczynska, D.; Spanier, F.; Spiro, S.; Stamerra, A.; Stark, L. S.; Suric, T.; Takalo, L.; Tavecchio, F.; Temnikov, P.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Torres, D. F.; Turini, N.; Vankov, H.; Wagner, R. M.; Zabalza, V.; Zandanel, F.; Zanin, R.; Zapatero, J.; MAGIC Collaboration

    Supernova remnants are widely considered to be the strongest candidates for the source of cosmic rays at ultra high energies (around 1015 eV), producing gamma-rays through hadronic and/or electromagnetic scenarios. Pulsar wind nebulae are synchrotron nebulae powered by the spin-down of energetic young pulsars, and one of the most abundant very high energy gamma-ray source classes. The two 17m diameter MAGIC telescopes, located on La Palma (Canary Island), are the most sensitive ground-based instruments for gamma-ray astronomy below 200 GeV. Here we present a summary of the most prominent results performed by the MAGIC collaboration on these topics.

  12. Photospheric origins of chromospheric and coronal activity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tarbell, Theodore

    1994-01-01

    This contract is for a two-year research study of the origins of activity in the upper atmosphere of the sun. The approach is to collect high resolution images of the lower atmosphere on observing runs at the Swedish Solar Observatory on La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. The best observations are analyzed and compared with data from other telescopes and/or theoretical models, to study magnetic flux emergence, coronal heating, and various dynamic phenomena and transients. Software for analysis and visualization of the data is developed as needed. The contract is being performed by the Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, part of the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory (LPARL) of the Research and Development Division (RDD) of Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Inc. (LMSC).

  13. Instrument control software based on LabVIEW for HARPS-N

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Xiaofeng; Vick, Andy; Glenday, Alex; Gonzalez, Manuel

    2014-07-01

    HARPS-N (High-Accuracy Radial-Velocity planetary Search) is an instrument designed for the measurement of Radial Velocities (RV) at highest accuracy. It is located in the Northern hemisphere and installed at the TNG on La Palma Island. It has allowed scientists to confirm and characterize Earth-like mass planets: Kepler-78b. In this paper, we present the design of Instrument Control Software (ICS) based on LabVIEW, the key features of implementation such as the XML-RPC, labVIEW Classes and Shared Variables. We also present here the auto-guiding and fibre hole finding algorithm. Use of XML-RPC in Labview for ICS with COTS hardware has made the development of HARAPS-N ICS easily in implementing and integrating with other software in a limited construction time scale.

  14. Assessing the impact of fishing in shallow rocky reefs: a multivariate approach to ecosystem management.

    PubMed

    Sangil, Carlos; Martín-García, Laura; Clemente, Sabrina

    2013-11-15

    In this paper we develop a tool to assess the impact of fishing on ecosystem functioning in shallow rocky reefs. The relationships between biological parameters (fishes, sea urchins, seaweeds), and fishing activities (fish traps, boats, land-based fishing, spearfishing) were tested in La Palma island (Canary Islands). Data from fishing activities and biological parameters were analyzed using principal component analyses. We produced two models using the first component of these analyses. This component was interpreted as a new variable that described the fishing pressure and the conservation status at each studied site. Subsequently the scores on the first axis were mapped using universal kriging methods and the models obtained were extrapolated across the whole island to display the expected fishing pressure and conservation status more widely. The fishing pressure and conservation status models were spatially related; zones where fishing pressure was high coincided with zones in the unhealthiest ecological state. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. CCD photometry and astrometry for visual double and multiple stars of the HIPPARCOS catalogue. I. Presentation of the large scale project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oblak, E.; Lampens, P.; Cuypers, J.; Halbwachs, J. L.; Martín, E.; Seggewiss, W.; Sinachopoulos, D.; van Dessel, E. L.; Chareton, M.; Duval, D.

    1999-06-01

    A description is given of the activities of an international working group created with the aim of obtaining both photometric and astrometric observations of visual double and multiple stars with angular separations in the range of one to fifteen arcseconds, that formed part of the HIPPARCOS Input Catalogue. The scientific aims and realisations of this European network are given. About 50 observational missions have been carried out in both hemispheres according to a pre-defined protocol. We describe the general and specifically designed methods used for the reduction of large amounts of CCD observations of double stars and give an outline of the results already presented and soon to be expected. Based on observations made at La Silla (ESO, Chile - Key Programme 7-009-49 K), Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP), Calar Alto (CLA), La Palma (LPL) and Jungfraujoch (JFJ) Observatories}

  16. Farming-up coastal fish assemblages through a massive aquaculture escape event.

    PubMed

    Toledo-Guedes, Kilian; Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo; Benjumea, María E; Brito, Alberto

    2014-07-01

    We investigated the changes on the mean trophic level of fish assemblages across different spatiotemporal scales, before and after a massive escape event occurred off La Palma (Canary Islands), which resulted in the release of 1.5 million fish (mostly Dicentrarchus labrax) into the wild. The presence of escaped fish altered significantly the mean trophic level of fish assemblages in shallow coastal waters. This alteration was exacerbated by the massive escape. A nearby marine protected area buffered the changes in mean trophic level but exhibited the same temporal patterns as highly fished areas. Moreover, escaped fish exploited natural resources according to their total length and possibly, time since escapement. New concerns arise as a "farming up" process is detected in shallow coastal fish assemblages where marine aquaculture is established.

  17. Evidence for CNO processed material in the accretion disk of GP Comae

    SciTech Connect

    Marsh, T.R.; Horne, K.; Rosen, S. London Univ. College, Dorking )

    1991-01-01

    NIR spectroscopic observations of GP Com are reported. Data obtained using the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope and the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope at La Palma during April and June 1988 and with the 5-m Hale reflector at Palomar Observatory during January 1983 are presented in tables and sample spectra and discussed in detail. Number ratios H/He less than 0.00001, N/O = about 50, and N/C greater than 100 are calculated under the assumption of a uniform optically thin slab of gas in LTE. From the N overabundance it is inferred that the material observed is being extracted by Roche-lobe overflow from the secondary's H-exhausted core, at a time after most C and O have been converted to N in the CNO cycle. 33 refs.

  18. Evidence for CNO processed material in the accretion disk of GP Comae

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marsh, T. R.; Horne, Keith; Rosen, Simon

    1991-01-01

    NIR spectroscopic observations of GP Com are reported. Data obtained using the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope and the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope at La Palma during April and June 1988 and with the 5-m Hale reflector at Palomar Observatory during January 1983 are presented in tables and sample spectra and discussed in detail. Number ratios H/He less than 0.00001, N/O = about 50, and N/C greater than 100 are calculated under the assumption of a uniform optically thin slab of gas in LTE. From the N overabundance it is inferred that the material observed is being extracted by Roche-lobe overflow from the secondary's H-exhausted core, at a time after most C and O have been converted to N in the CNO cycle.

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Circumnuclear star-forming regions (Alvarez-Alvarez+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez-Alvarez, M.; Diaz, A. I.; Terlevich, E.; Terlevich, R.

    2016-01-01

    In order to achieve our scientific goals, we have studied a diverse population of galaxies with reported circumnuclear rings of SFRs in the bibliography. The data were acquired during five observing runs. For the first two runs (from 1988 to 1990), we used a blue sensitive GEC CCD at the f/15 Cassegrain focus of the 1.0m. Jacobus Kaptein Telescope of the Isaac Newton Group at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain. The CCD had 578x385 pixels 22um wide. The last three observing runs were carried on from 1999 to 2000 at the Centro Astronomico Hispano Aleman de Calar Alto, Almeria, Spain. (3 data files).

  20. A homogeneous photometric and spectroscopic survey of open clusters in the Perseus Arm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marco, Amparo; Negueruela, Ignacio; Monguió, Maria

    2015-08-01

    We are carrying out a homogeneous photometric survey of all young (< 100 Ma) open clusters in the Perseus Arm between Galactic longitudes 90º and 140º, using Strömgren filters at the Isaac Newton Telescope in La Palma. We intend to derive relative ages and distances with typical accuracies of 5 Ma and 200 pc. Our data will allow us to test the predictions of different models for the main mechanism producing the spiral structure of the Milky Way. In addition, we will enormously improve our knowledge of stellar evolution for stars in the 6-15 Msolar range. Moreover, the huge dataset of homogeneous photometry for thousands of stars (including ~2000 B-type stars) will have an enormous legacy value

  1. WATER-ICE-DRIVEN ACTIVITY ON MAIN-BELT COMET P/2010 A2 (LINEAR)?

    SciTech Connect

    Moreno, F.; Ortiz, J. L.; Cabrera-Lavers, A.; Augusteijn, T.; Liimets, T.; Lindberg, J. E.; Pursimo, T.; RodrIguez-Gil, P.; Vaduvescu, O.

    2010-08-01

    The dust ejecta of Main-Belt Comet P/2010 A2 (LINEAR) have been observed with several telescopes at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on La Palma, Spain. Application of an inverse dust tail Monte Carlo method to the images of the dust ejecta from the object indicates that a sustained, likely water-ice-driven, activity over some eight months is the mechanism responsible for the formation of the observed tail. The total amount of the dust released is estimated to be 5 x 10{sup 7} kg, which represents about 0.3% of the nucleus mass. While the event could have been triggered by a collision, this cannot be determined from the currently available data.

  2. The Next Generation Transit Survey—Prototyping Phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormac, J.; Pollacco, D.; Wheatley, P. J.; West, R. G.; Walker, S.; Bento, J.; Skillen, I.; Faedi, F.; Burleigh, M. R.; Casewell, S. L.; Chazelas, B.; Genolet, L.; Gibson, N. P.; Goad, M. R.; Lawrie, K. A.; Ryans, R.; Todd, I.; Udry, S.; Watson, C. A.

    2017-02-01

    We present the prototype telescope for the Next Generation Transit Survey, which was built in the UK in 2008/2009 and tested on La Palma in the Canary Islands in 2010. The goals for the prototype system were severalfold: to determine the level of systematic noise in an NGTS-like system; demonstrate that we can perform photometry at the (sub) millimagnitude level on transit timescales across a wide-field; show that it is possible to detect transiting super-Earth and Neptune-sized exoplanets and prove the technical feasibility of the proposed planet survey. We tested the system for around 100 nights and met each of the goals above. Several key areas for improvement were highlighted during the prototyping phase. They have been subsequently addressed in the final NGTS facility, which was recently commissioned at ESO Cerro Paranal, Chile.

  3. Fibre positioning concept for the WEAVE spectrograph at the WHT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Ian J.; Dalton, Gavin B.; Brock, Matthew; Gilbert, James; Abrams, Don C.; Aguerri, J. Alfonso L.; Bonifacio, Piercarlo; Middleton, Kevin; Trager, Scott C.

    2014-07-01

    WEAVE is the next-generation wide-field optical spectroscopy facility for the William Herschel Telescope (WHT) in La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. It is a multi-object "pick and place" fibre fed spectrograph with more than one thousand fibres behind a new dedicated 2° prime focus corrector, This is similar in concept to the Australian Astronomical Observatory's 2dF instrument1 with two observing plates, one of which is observing the sky while other is being reconfigured by a robotic fibre positioner. It will be capable of acquiring more than 10000 star or galaxy spectra a night. The WEAVE positioner concept uses two robots working in tandem in order to reconfigure a fully populated field within the expected 1 hour dwell-time for the instrument (a good match between the required exposure times and the limit of validity for a given configuration due to the effects of differential refraction).

  4. Use and Diversity of Palm (Arecaceae) Resources in Central Western Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Martins, Renata Corrêa; Filgueiras, Tarciso de Sousa

    2014-01-01

    Arecaceae Schultz-Sch. (Palmae Juss.), a member of the monocotyledon group, is considered one of the oldest extant angiosperm families on Earth. This family is highly valuable because of its species diversity, its occurrence in a wide range of habitats, and its status as an integral part of the culture and the family-based economy of many traditional and nontraditional communities. The main objectives of this study were to perform an ethnobotanical study involving these palms and a “Quilombola” (Maroon) community in the municipality of Cavalcante, GO, Brazil. The variables gender, age, and formal schooling had no influence on the number of species recognized and used by the Kalungas. Ethnobotanical studies based on traditional knowledge in addition to use and management of palms are fundamental aspects for planning and appliance of public policies directed to the use of natural resources and improvement of life quality. PMID:24772040

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Equivalent width of 21 RR Lyrae stars (Pancino+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pancino, E.; Britavskiy, N.; Romano, D.; Cacciari, C.; Mucciarelli, A.; Clementini, G.

    2015-02-01

    Equivalent widths and atomic data of the absorption lines used in the abundance analysis, for each separate exposure at different phases. Observations of 15 RR Lyrae stars (DR And, X Ari, TW Boo, RZ Cam, RX Cet, U Com, RV CrB, SW CVn, UZ CVn, AE Dra, SZ Gem, VX Her, DH Hya, TU UMa, and RV UMa) and one BL Her star (UY Eri) were carried out with SARG@TNG, operated on the island of La Palma, Spain, during two separate runs in 2009 March and between September and November. Eight stars (SW Aqr, TW Cap, DH Hya, V Ind, SS Leo, V716 Oph, BK Tuc, and UV Vir) were observed with UVES@VLT, between 2009 April and August in service mode. (3 data files).

  6. Gaussian States Minimize the Output Entropy of One-Mode Quantum Gaussian Channels.

    PubMed

    De Palma, Giacomo; Trevisan, Dario; Giovannetti, Vittorio

    2017-04-21

    We prove the long-standing conjecture stating that Gaussian thermal input states minimize the output von Neumann entropy of one-mode phase-covariant quantum Gaussian channels among all the input states with a given entropy. Phase-covariant quantum Gaussian channels model the attenuation and the noise that affect any electromagnetic signal in the quantum regime. Our result is crucial to prove the converse theorems for both the triple trade-off region and the capacity region for broadcast communication of the Gaussian quantum-limited amplifier. Our result extends to the quantum regime the entropy power inequality that plays a key role in classical information theory. Our proof exploits a completely new technique based on the recent determination of the p→q norms of the quantum-limited amplifier [De Palma et al., arXiv:1610.09967]. This technique can be applied to any quantum channel.

  7. Gaussian States Minimize the Output Entropy of One-Mode Quantum Gaussian Channels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Palma, Giacomo; Trevisan, Dario; Giovannetti, Vittorio

    2017-04-01

    We prove the long-standing conjecture stating that Gaussian thermal input states minimize the output von Neumann entropy of one-mode phase-covariant quantum Gaussian channels among all the input states with a given entropy. Phase-covariant quantum Gaussian channels model the attenuation and the noise that affect any electromagnetic signal in the quantum regime. Our result is crucial to prove the converse theorems for both the triple trade-off region and the capacity region for broadcast communication of the Gaussian quantum-limited amplifier. Our result extends to the quantum regime the entropy power inequality that plays a key role in classical information theory. Our proof exploits a completely new technique based on the recent determination of the p →q norms of the quantum-limited amplifier [De Palma et al., arXiv:1610.09967]. This technique can be applied to any quantum channel.

  8. MAGIC gamma-ray telescopes hunting for tau neutrinos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Góra, D.; Bernardini, E.; Manganaro, M.; López, M.

    2017-01-01

    The MAGIC telescopes, located at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (2200 a.s.l.) in the Canary Island of La Palma, can perform observations pointing directly the sea. This permits to search for signatures of air showers induced by tau neutrinos in the PeV-EeV energy range arising from the ocean. We have studied the MAGIC response to such events, employing Monte Carlo simulations of upward-going tau neutrino showers. The analysis of the simulated shower images shows that air showers induced by tau neutrinos can be discriminated from the background of very inclined hadronic showers. We have calculated the point source acceptance and the expected event rates, assuming an incoming tau neutrino flux consistent with IceCube measurements and for a sample of generic neutrino fluxes from photo-hadronic interactions in AGNs. Finally, we report our first results from the tau neutrino search with the MAGIC telescopes.

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: YSO candidates in IRAS 20319+3958 (Djupvik+, 2017)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Djupvik, A. A.; Comeron, F.; Schneider, N.

    2016-11-01

    Table 3 contains positions and photometry in V, R, I, J, H, Ks, [3.6], [4.5], [5.8] and [8.0] of 144 YSO candidates around the globule IRAS 20319+3958. The VRI magnitudes and their errors are obtained with CAMELOT/IAC80 (Tenerife), the JHKs magnitudes and their errors are obtained with Omega2000/3.5m CAHA telescope (Calar Alto observatory), except for a few very bright and/or unresolved sources for which NOTCam/NOT (La Palma) is used. The IRAC/Spitzer magnitudes and errors are also given. The third last column gives a flag that shows either the YSO class or the YSO selection method. The naming used in the paper for the three brightest sources in the globule (A, B and C), of which two are binaries, are given in the second last column. The last column gives a photometry flag. (1 data file).

  10. A multi-frequency study of symbiotic stars. I - Near-simultaneous optical and radio observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivison, R. J.; Bode, M. F.; Roberts, J. A.; Meaburn, J.; Davis, R. J.; Nelson, R. F.; Spencer, R. E.

    1991-03-01

    The relationship between optical line flux and 5 GHz radio flux is investigated for a sample of 17 northern sky symbiotic stars. Data were obtained near-simultaneously with the Manchester Echelle Spectrograph mounted on the Issac Newton Telescope, La Palma and the Broad Band Interferometer at Jodrell Bank. Color excesses, calculated from Balmer hydrogen line fluxes assuming Case B recombination ratios, are compared with other reddening estimates and also combined with extinction maps to provide improved distance estimates. Optical line fluxes are used in combination with radio fluxes to estimate physical parameters of these objects, including mass-loss rates. The suggestion that the ionized regions of D-type symbiotics are much more extensive than those in S-type is confirmed. This in turn strengthens the hypothesis that S-type symbiotics are more likely to be undergoing Roche-lobe overflow than their D-type counterparts.

  11. [Palms conservation, patterns of use and diversity (Arecaceae) in rain forests from the Chocó, Colombia].

    PubMed

    Valois-Cuesta, Hamleth; Martínez-Ruiz, Carolina; Rentería Cuesta, Yucith Yudelmis; Sol María, Panesso Hinestroza

    2013-12-01

    Arecaceae is a family rich in species and provides resources for the subsistence of human groups in the tropical regions. The aim of this work was to assess the richness, diversity, composition, and use patterns of the family Arecaceae in three communities of the Medio Atrato, Chocó, Colombia, in order to obtain useful information to support the sustainable use and conservation of this plant groups in the biogeographical area of the Colombian Chocó. The fieldwork was carried out between 2009 and 2010 in the localities of Beté, Tangui and El Buey in the municipality of Medio Atrato. In each of the communities, a total of ten plots of 80 x 5 m (400 m2; 0.4 ha per zone) were established and all individuals of palm species were counted and recorded. On the other hand, information on use types and useful organs was also recorded in each community through informal interviews. A total of 29 species and 18 genera were recorded. Bactris (24.13%) and Wettinia (10.34%) were the genera with most species richness. El Buey showed more species and genera richness (23 species, 17 genera) than Beté (15, 10) and Tangui (14, 11). The floristic similarity among the three communities was less than 45%. The species with higher use and ecological value were: Euterpe oleracea, Oenocarpus bataua, Attalea allennii, Manicaria saccifera, Bactris gassipaes and Wettinia quinaria. The categories of use with higher number of species and cultural importance were construction, food and handicraft. The most used structures of the palms were the stems and fruits. In conclusion, the results indicate that the Medio Atrato has high richness and diversity of palm species in a regional and national context. However, the relationship between number of use and ecological importance of the species depends on the locality and show that the socio-cultural significance of the palm species may vary among groups of people who share a same culture or biogeographic region. Future studies should be conducted to

  12. Stemflow-induced processes of soil water storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Germer, Sonja

    2013-04-01

    Compared to stemflow production studies only few studies deal with the fate of stemflow at the near-stem soil. To investigate stemflow contribution to the root zone soil moisture by young and adult babassu palms (Attalea speciosa Mart.), I studied stemflow generation, subsequent soil water percolation and root distributions. Rainfall, stemflow and perched water tables were monitored on an event basis. Perched water tables were monitored next to adult palms at two depths and three stem distances. Dye tracer experiments monitored stemflow-induced preferential flow paths. Root distributions of fine and coarse roots were related to soil water redistribution. Average rainfall-collecting area per adult palm was 6.4 m², but variability between them was high. Funneling ratios ranged between 16-71 and 4-55 for adult and young palms, respectively. Nonetheless, even very small rainfall events of 1 mm can generate stemflow. On average, 9 liters of adult palm stemflow were intercepted and stemflow tended to decrease for-high intensity rainfall events. Young babassu palms funneled rainfall via their fronds, directly to their subterranean stems. The funneling of rainfall towards adult palm stems, in contrast, led to great stemflow fluxes down to the soil and induced initial horizontal water flows through the soil, leading to perched water tables next to palms, even after small rainfall events. The perched water tables extended, however, only a few decimeters from palm stems. After perched water tables became established, vertical percolation through the soil dominated. To my knowledge, this process has not been described before, and it can be seen as an addition to the two previously described stemflow-induced processes of Horton overland flow and fast, deep percolation along roots. This study has demonstrated that Babassu palms funnel water to their stems and subsequently store it in the soil next to their stems in areas where coarse root length density is very high. This might

  13. On palms, bugs, and Chagas disease in the Americas.

    PubMed

    Abad-Franch, Fernando; Lima, Marli M; Sarquis, Otília; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo; Sánchez-Martín, María; Calzada, José; Saldaña, Azael; Monteiro, Fernando A; Palomeque, Francisco S; Santos, Walter S; Angulo, Victor M; Esteban, Lyda; Dias, Fernando B S; Diotaiuti, Liléia; Bar, María Esther; Gottdenker, Nicole L

    2015-11-01

    Palms are ubiquitous across Neotropical landscapes, from pristine forests or savannahs to large cities. Although palms provide useful ecosystem services, they also offer suitable habitat for triatomines and for Trypanosoma cruzi mammalian hosts. Wild triatomines often invade houses by flying from nearby palms, potentially leading to new cases of human Chagas disease. Understanding and predicting triatomine-palm associations and palm infestation probabilities is important for enhancing Chagas disease prevention in areas where palm-associated vectors transmit T. cruzi. We present a comprehensive overview of palm infestation by triatomines in the Americas, combining a thorough reanalysis of our published and unpublished records with an in-depth review of the literature. We use site-occupancy modeling (SOM) to examine infestation in 3590 palms sampled with non-destructive methods, and standard statistics to describe and compare infestation in 2940 palms sampled by felling-and-dissection. Thirty-eight palm species (18 genera) have been reported to be infested by ∼39 triatomine species (10 genera) from the USA to Argentina. Overall infestation varied from 49.1-55.3% (SOM) to 62.6-66.1% (dissection), with important heterogeneities among sub-regions and particularly among palm species. Large palms with complex crowns (e.g., Attalea butyracea, Acrocomia aculeata) and some medium-crowned palms (e.g., Copernicia, Butia) are often infested; in slender, small-crowned palms (e.g., Euterpe) triatomines associate with vertebrate nests. Palm infestation tends to be higher in rural settings, but urban palms can also be infested. Most Rhodnius species are probably true palm specialists, whereas Psammolestes, Eratyrus, Cavernicola, Panstrongylus, Triatoma, Alberprosenia, and some Bolboderini seem to use palms opportunistically. Palms provide extensive habitat for enzootic T. cruzi cycles and a critical link between wild cycles and transmission to humans. Unless effective means to

  14. Short-term variability on the surface of (1) Ceres⋆. A changing amount of water ice?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perna, D.; Kaňuchová, Z.; Ieva, S.; Fornasier, S.; Barucci, M. A.; Lantz, C.; Dotto, E.; Strazzulla, G.

    2015-03-01

    Context. The dwarf planet (1) Ceres - next target of the NASA Dawn mission - is the largest body in the asteroid main belt. Although several observations of this body have been performed so far, the presence of surface water ice is still questioned. Aims: Our goal is to better understand the surface composition of Ceres and to constrain the presence of exposed water ice. Methods: We acquired new visible and near-infrared spectra at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (La Palma, Spain), and reanalyzed literature spectra in the 3-μm region. Results: We obtained the first rotationally resolved spectroscopic observations of Ceres at visible wavelengths. Visible spectra taken one month apart at almost the same planetocentric coordinates show a significant slope variation (up to 3%/103Å). A faint absorption centered at 0.67 μm, possibly due to aqueous alteration, is detected in a subset of our spectra. The various explanations in the literature for the 3.06-μm feature can be interpreted as due to a variable amount of surface water ice at different epochs. Conclusions: The remarkable short-term temporal variability of the visible spectral slope and the changing shape of the 3.06-μm band can be hints of different amounts of water ice exposed on the surface of Ceres. This would agree with the recent detection by the Herschel Space Observatory of localized and transient sources of water vapor over this dwarf planet. Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma by the Fundación Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  15. The severe thunderstorm of 4 October 2007 in Mallorca: an observational study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramis, C.; Romero, R.; Homar, V.

    2009-07-01

    During the afternoon of 4 October 2007, a thunderstorm swept across the Island of Mallorca from southwest to northeast. Strong straight-line winds (up to 30 m/s) and heavy rain (rates up to 100 mm/h) were registered accompanying the storm. Tornadoes with an estimated intensity of F2-F3 developed nearby the city of Palma, severely affecting industrial installations. One person was killed by the impact of heavy debris while more than 10 million € in damages were attributed to the event in the industrial area only. The observed evolution of temperature, humidity, wind and pressure, as well as the sequence of radar images, reveal that a squall line was initially organized over the sea and then moved north-eastwards at an estimated speed of around 80 km/h. This paper presents an analysis of the event from an observational point of view. The aim of the study is to contribute to the characterization of these rare events in the Western Mediterranean by analyzing the observational information available for this particular extreme event. The diagnosis is aimed at helping forecasters to identify this kind of organized deep convective events and being able to issue timely warnings. The synoptic scenario shows warm and moist advection at low levels over Balearics and an upper-level trough over mainland Spain. This situation is known to be prone to deep convection in Mediterranean Spain in autumn. Radiosonde ascents from Murcia and Palma show convective instability at mid levels that can conduce to develop convection if appropriate ascents occur. A plausible lifting mechanism to trigger convection is attributed to large amplitude gravity waves, registered as short-period pressure oscillations by surface barographs.

  16. The role of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations: potential Leishmania spp. vectors in the Brazilian savanna

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Tâmara Dias Oliveira; Minuzzi-Souza, Thaís Tâmara Castro; Ferreira, Tauana de Sousa; Freire, Luciana Pereira; Timbó, Renata Velôzo; Vital, Tamires Emanuele; Nitz, Nadjar; Silva, Mariana Neiva; Santos, Alcinei de Souza; Sales, Nathyla Morgana Cunha; Obara, Marcos Takashi; de Andrade, Andrey José; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND Knowledge on synanthropic phlebotomines and their natural infection by Leishmania is necessary for the identification of potential areas for leishmaniasis occurrence. OBJECTIVE To analyse the occurrence of Phlebotominae in gallery forests and household units (HUs) in the city of Palmas and to determine the rate of natural infection by trypanosomatids. METHODS Gallery forests and adjacent household areas were sampled on July (dry season) and November (rainy season) in 2014. The total sampling effort was 960 HP light traps and eight Shannon traps. Trypanosomatids were detected in Phlebotominae females through the amplification of the SSU rDNA region, and the positive samples were used in ITS1-PCR. Trypanosomatid species were identified using sequencing. FINDINGS A total of 1,527 sand flies representing 30 species were captured in which 949 (28 spp.) and 578 (22 spp.) were registered in July and November, respectively. In July, more specimens were captured in the gallery forests than in the HUs, and Nyssomyia whitmani was particularly frequent. In November, most of the specimens were found in the HUs, and again, Ny. whitmani was the predominant species. Lutzomyia longipalpis was commonly found in domestic areas, while Bichromomyia flaviscutellata was most frequent in gallery forests. Molecular analysis of 154 pools of females (752 specimens) identified Leishmania amazonensis, L. infantum, and Crithidia fasciculata in Ny. whitmani, as well as L. amazonensis in Lu. longipalpis, Trypanosoma sp. and L. amazonensis in Pintomyia christenseni, and L. amazonensis in both Psathyromyia hermanlenti and Evandromyia walkeri. MAIN CONCLUSIONS These results show the importance of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations in the dry month, as well as their frequent occurrence in household units in the rainy month. This is the first study to identify Leishmania, Trypanosoma, and Crithidia species in Phlebotominae collected in Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil. PMID

  17. Air pollution and mortality in the Canary Islands: a time-series analysis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The island factor of the cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, along with their proximity to Africa and their meteorology, create a particular setting that influences the air quality of these cities and provides researchers an opportunity to analyze the acute effects of air-pollutants on daily mortality. Methods From 2000 to 2004, the relationship between daily changes in PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NO2, CO, and ozone levels and daily total mortality and mortality due to respiratory and heart diseases were assessed using Generalized Additive Poisson models controlled for potential confounders. The lag effect (up to five days) as well as the concurrent and previous day averages and distributed lag models were all estimated. Single and two pollutant models were also constructed. Results Daily levels of PM10, PM2.5, NO2, and SO2 were found to be associated with an increase in respiratory mortality in Santa Cruz de Tenerife and with increased heart disease mortality in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, thus indicating an association between daily ozone levels and mortality from heart diseases. The effects spread over five successive days. SO2 was the only air pollutant significantly related with total mortality (lag 0). Conclusions There is a short-term association between current exposure levels to air pollution and mortality (total as well as that due specifically to heart and respiratory diseases) in both cities. Risk coefficients were higher for respiratory and cardiovascular mortality, showing a delayed effect over several days. PMID:20152037

  18. Coeval giant landslides in the Canary Islands: Implications for global, regional and local triggers of giant flank collapses on oceanic volcanoes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boulesteix, Thomas; Hildenbrand, Anthony; Soler, Vicente; Quidelleur, Xavier; Gillot, Pierre-Yves

    2013-05-01

    Giant landslides are an important part of the evolution of most intra-plate volcanic islands. They often proceed in catastrophic events, likely to generate voluminous debris avalanches and eventually trigger destructive tsunamis. Although knowledge of the timing of their recurrence is a key factor regarding the hazard assessment in coastal environments, only a few of them have been well dated. In this contribution, we focus on the La Orotava event on Tenerife, which we date with the unspiked K-Ar technique, between 534 and 523 ka. Such narrow temporal interval is compatible, within uncertainties, with the age of the Cumbre Nueva collapse on the neighboring island of La Palma. We thus examine here the possible common triggering mechanisms at the global, regional and local scales. Both events occurred shortly after the climax of the oxygen isotopic stage 14, during the rapid transition towards the interglacial stage 13, reinforcing the hypothesis of a control from global paleoclimatic changes on the destabilization of oceanic islands. Intense volcanic pulses at the regional scale also lead to the synchronous overgrowth of several volcanic islands in the archipelago, but coeval destabilization on Tenerife and La Palma appears significantly controlled by the intrinsic morphology of the edifices, with contrasted instability thresholds for shield volcanoes and volcanic ridges respectively. Finally, we propose that the two events may be genetically linked. Dynamic transfer of voluminous debris avalanches during a giant landslide episode can induce isostatic readjustments, generate significant ground acceleration and finally produce a large tsunami, three processes which can concur to trigger large scale flank collapse on a neighboring mature unstable volcanic island.

  19. Shallow seismic imaging of flank collapse structures in oceanic island volcanoes: Application to the Western Canary Islands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez, L.; González, P.; Tiampo, K. F.

    2013-12-01

    Volcanic flank collapse counts among the many hazards associated with volcanic activity. This type of event involves the mobilization of large volumes, producing debris avalanches. It affects mostly oceanic island volcanoes, involving the potential for tsunami occurrence. Geophysical imaging can illuminate subvolcanic features such as volcano-tectonic structures, magmatic plumbing systems or differences in rock type. The most commonly used geophysical methods are gravity, electromagnetics and seismics. In particular, seismic measurements quantify anomalies in seismic waves propagation velocities and can be used to obtain information on the subsurface arrangement of different materials. In the Western Canary Islands, the Cumbre Vieja volcano in La Palma (Canary Islands) has been proposed to be near the collapse stage. Previous geophysical studies that have been carried out on the flank of the volcano comprise gravity and electromagnetic methods. These types of surveys gather information on the deep structures of the volcano (1-2 km). In this project, we complement previous studies by using seismic methods to investigate the near-surface seismic structure of the Cumbre Vieja fault system (La Palma Island) and the structure of the well-developed San Andres fault system (El Hierro Island). We aim to compare the Cumbre Vieja and San Andres fault systems to infer the degree of maturity of collapse structures. We carried out reflection and refraction seismic surveys in order to image approximately the first 10 meters of the subsurface. We used 24 low frequency (4,5 Hz) geophones as receivers and a sledge hammer as the seismic source. The survey lines were located across visible parts of the fault systems at the Cumbre Vieja volcano and the San Andres fault in El Hierro. Here, we present the survey setup and results from the preliminary analysis of the data.

  20. Pronounced fixation, strong population differentiation and complex population history in the Canary Islands blue tit subspecies complex.

    PubMed

    Hansson, Bengt; Ljungqvist, Marcus; Illera, Juan-Carlos; Kvist, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Evolutionary molecular studies of island radiations may lead to insights in the role of vicariance, founder events, population size and drift in the processes of population differentiation. We evaluate the degree of population genetic differentiation and fixation of the Canary Islands blue tit subspecies complex using microsatellite markers and aim to get insights in the population history using coalescence based methods. The Canary Island populations were strongly genetically differentiated and had reduced diversity with pronounced fixation including many private alleles. In population structure models, the relationship between the central island populations (La Gomera, Tenerife and Gran Canaria) and El Hierro was difficult to disentangle whereas the two European populations showed consistent clustering, the two eastern islands (Fuerteventura and Lanzarote) and Morocco weak clustering, and La Palma a consistent unique lineage. Coalescence based models suggested that the European mainland forms an outgroup to the Afrocanarian population, a split between the western island group (La Palma and El Hierro) and the central island group, and recent splits between the three central islands, and between the two eastern islands and Morocco, respectively. It is clear that strong genetic drift and low level of concurrent gene flow among populations have shaped complex allelic patterns of fixation and skewed frequencies over the archipelago. However, understanding the population history remains challenging; in particular, the pattern of extreme divergence with low genetic diversity and yet unique genetic material in the Canary Island system requires an explanation. A potential scenario is population contractions of a historically large and genetically variable Afrocanarian population, with vicariance and drift following in the wake. The suggestion from sequence-based analyses of a Pleistocene extinction of a substantial part of North Africa and a Pleistocene/Holocene eastward

  1. Liverpool Telescope 2: a new robotic facility for time domain astronomy in 2020+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copperwheat, C. M.; Steele, I. A.; Bates, S. D.; Smith, R. J.; Bode, M. F.; Baker, I.; Peacocke, T.; Thomson, K.

    2014-07-01

    The robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope, based on the Canary island of La Palma, has a diverse instrument suite and a strong track record in time domain science, with highlights including early time photometry and spectra of supernovae, measurements of the polarization of gamma-ray burst afterglows, and high cadence light curves of transiting extrasolar planets. In the next decade the time domain will become an increasingly prominent part of the astronomical agenda with new facilities such as LSST, SKA, CTA and Gaia, and promised detections of astrophysical gravitational wave and neutrino sources opening new windows on the transient universe. To capitalise on this exciting new era we intend to build Liverpool Telescope 2: a new robotic facility on La Palma dedicated to time domain science. The next generation of survey facilities will discover large numbers of new transient sources, but there will be a pressing need for follow-up observations for scientific exploitation, in particular spectroscopic follow-up. Liverpool Telescope 2 will have a 4-metre aperture, enabling optical/infrared spectroscopy of faint objects. Robotic telescopes are capable of rapid reaction to unpredictable phenomena, and for fast-fading transients like gamma-ray burst afterglows. This rapid reaction enables observations which would be impossible on less agile telescopes of much larger aperture. We intend Liverpool Telescope 2 to have a world-leading response time, with the aim that we will be taking data with a few tens of seconds of receipt of a trigger from a ground- or space-based transient detection facility. We outline here our scientific goals and present the results of our preliminary optical design studies.

  2. Nighttime thermospheric-ionospheric coupling during geomagnetic storms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fagundes, P. R.; Muella, M. T. A. H.; Bittencourt, J. A.; Sahai, Y.; Lima, W. L. C.; Becker-Guedes, F.; Pillat, V. G.

    The electrodynamics of the ionosphere in the tropical region presents various scientific aspects which remain subject of intensive investigations and debates by the scientific community During the year 2002 in a joint project between Universidade do Vale do Para i ba UNIVAP and Universidade Luterana do Brasil ULBRA a chain of three Canadian Digital Ionosondes CADIs was established nearly along the geomagnetic meridian direction for tropical ionospheric studies such as the generation and dynamics of ionospheric irregularities changes and response due to geomagnetic disturbances and thermosphere-ionosphere coupling in the Brazilian sector The locations of the three ionosonde stations are S a o Jos e dos Campos 23 2 o S 45 9 o W dip latitude 17 6 o S - under the Equatorial Ionospheric Anomaly Palmas 10 2 o S 48 2 o W dip latitude 5 5 o S -- near the magnetic equator and Manaus 2 9 o S 60 0 o W dip latitude 6 4 o N -- near the magnetic equator It should be pointed out that Palmas and Manaus are located on opposite side of the magnetic equator but both are south of the geographic equator The three CADIs work in time-synchronized mode and obtain ionograms every 5 minutes This unique configuration of the ionospheric sounding stations allowed us to study the F-region dynamics during disturbed periods in the months of August and September 2002 Then an extension of the servo model was used to infer the magnetic meridional component of the thermospheric neutral winds over the low latitude

  3. Response of nighttime equatorial and low latitude F-region to the geomagnetic storm of August 18, 2003, in the Brazilian sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahai, Y.; Univap Team

    This paper presents an investigation of geomagnetic storm effects in the equatorial and low latitude F-region in the Brazilian sector during the intense geomagnetic storm on 18 August 2003 SSC 14 21 UT on 17 08 Sigma Kp 52 Ap 108 vert Dst vert max 168 at 1600 UT on 18 08 Simultaneous ionospheric sounding measurements from two stations viz Palmas 10 2 o S 48 2 o W dip latitude 5 7 o S and S a o Jos e dos Campos 23 2 o S 45 9 o W dip latitude 17 6 o S Brazil are presented for the nights of 16-17 17-18 18-19 19-20 August 2003 quiet disturbed and recovery phases Both stations are equipped with the Canadian Advanced Digital Ionosonde CADI Quiet and disturbed conditions of the F-region ionosphere are compared using data collected from the two stations The relationship between magnetospheric disturbance and low-latitude ionospheric dynamics and generation of ionospheric irregularities will be discussed The GPS data available from several stations in Rede Brasileira de Monitoramento Cont i nuo de GPS Brazilian Network for Continuous GPS Monitoring are used to obtain the vertical total electron content VTEC and the rate of change of TEC per minute on UT days 18 and 19 August 2003 During the disturbed nights the low latitude station S J Campos showed strong positive phase whereas the near equatorial station Palmas showed strong uplifting of the F-layer Normally during the winter months May to August in the Brazilian sector large-scale ionospheric irregularities in form of plasma

  4. HiPERCAM: a high-speed quintuple-beam CCD camera for the study of rapid variability in the universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhillon, Vikram S.; Marsh, Thomas R.; Bezawada, Naidu; Black, Martin; Dixon, Simon; Gamble, Trevor; Henry, David; Kerry, Paul; Littlefair, Stuart; Lunney, David W.; Morris, Timothy; Osborn, James; Wilson, Richard W.

    2016-08-01

    HiPERCAM is a high-speed camera for the study of rapid variability in the Universe. The project is funded by a ɛ3.5M European Research Council Advanced Grant. HiPERCAM builds on the success of our previous instrument, ULTRACAM, with very significant improvements in performance thanks to the use of the latest technologies. HiPERCAM will use 4 dichroic beamsplitters to image simultaneously in 5 optical channels covering the u'g'r'I'z' bands. Frame rates of over 1000 per second will be achievable using an ESO CCD controller (NGC), with every frame GPS timestamped. The detectors are custom-made, frame-transfer CCDs from e2v, with 4 low noise (2.5e-) outputs, mounted in small thermoelectrically-cooled heads operated at 180 K, resulting in virtually no dark current. The two reddest CCDs will be deep-depletion devices with anti-etaloning, providing high quantum efficiencies across the red part of the spectrum with no fringing. The instrument will also incorporate scintillation noise correction via the conjugate-plane photometry technique. The opto-mechanical chassis will make use of additive manufacturing techniques in metal to make a light-weight, rigid and temperature-invariant structure. First light is expected on the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope on La Palma in 2017 (on which the field of view will be 10' with a 0.3"/pixel scale), with subsequent use planned on the 10.4m Gran Telescopio Canarias on La Palma (on which the field of view will be 4' with a 0.11"/pixel scale) and the 3.5m New Technology Telescope in Chile.

  5. F layer postsunset height rise due to electric field prereversal enhancement: 1. Traveling planetary wave ionospheric disturbance effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fagundes, P. R.; Bittencourt, J. A.; Abalde, J. R.; Sahai, Y.; Bolzan, M. J. A.; Pillat, V. G.; Lima, W. L. C.

    2009-12-01

    An ionospheric sounding station is operational at Palmas (10.2°S, 48.2°W, dip latitude 5.5°S), Brazil, since 2002. Observations of F layer virtual height day-to-day variations during evening hours (1800 LT to 2000 LT) show a strong variability, even during geomagnetically quiet periods. From the ionospheric multifrequency virtual height variations (at 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 MHz), observed from July 2003 to May 2004, it is found that the virtual height day-to-day variability presents oscillations with periods of days during the evening hours. The thermospheric wind component perpendicular to the magnetic meridian (zonal wind) is one of the primary sources that generate the F region dynamo near sunset, which causes the zonal electric field prereversal enhancement (PRE) that induces the E × B vertical F layer postsunset height rise. Therefore, the planetary wave (PW) component that flows superposed on the thermospheric wind induces a traveling planetary wave ionospheric disturbance (TPWID) on the vertical F layer displacement. This indicates that the postsunset ionospheric height rise can be strongly modulated by TPWID oscillations. Our study shows that TPWIDs with periods of several days control the strength of the electric field PRE and, therefore, slowly push the F layer heights up or down, according to the TPWID phase. Also, simultaneous virtual height variations at Sao José dos Campos (low latitude) and Palmas (equatorial region) for October and November show similar behavior. This suggests that TPWID oscillation is a manifestation of atmospheric equatorial Kelvin waves that modulate the thermospheric wind.

  6. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and population history of Meladema diving beetles on the Atlantic Islands and in the Mediterranean basin (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae).

    PubMed

    Ribera, I; Bilton, D T; Vogler, A P

    2003-01-01

    The phylogeny and population history of Meladema diving beetles (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) were examined using mitochondrial DNA sequence from 16S ribosomal RNA and cytochrome oxidase I genes in 51 individuals from 22 populations of the three extant species (M. imbricata endemic to the western Canary Islands, M. lanio endemic to Madeira and M. coriacea widespread in the Western Mediterranean and on the western Canaries), using a combination of phylogenetic and nested clade analyses. Four main lineages are observed within Meladema, representing the three recognized species plus Corsican populations of M. coriacea. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate the sister relationship of the two Atlantic Island taxa, and suggest the possible paraphyly of M. coriacea. A molecular clock approach reveals that speciation within the genus occurred in the Early Pleistocene, indicating that the Atlantic Island endemics are not Tertiary relict taxa as had been proposed previously. Our results point to past population bottlenecks in all four lineages, with recent (Late-Middle Pleistocene) range expansion in non-Corsican M. coriacea and M. imbricata. Within the Canary Islands, M. imbricata seems to have independently colonized La Gomera and La Palma from Tenerife (although a colonization of La Palma from La Gomera cannot be discarded), and M. coriacea has independently colonized Tenerife and Gran Canaria from separate mainland lineages. In the Mediterranean basin this species apparently colonized Corsica on a single occasion, relatively early in its evolutionary history (Early Pleistocene), and has colonized Mallorca recently on multiple occasions. On the only island where M. coriacea and M. imbricata are broadly sympatric (Tenerife), we report evidence of bidirectional hybridization between the two species.

  7. The first planet detected in the WTS: an inflated hot Jupiter in a 3.35 d orbit around a late F star

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cappetta, M.; Saglia, R. P.; Birkby, J. L.; Koppenhoefer, J.; Pinfield, D. J.; Hodgkin, S. T.; Cruz, P.; Kovács, G.; Sipőcz, B.; Barrado, D.; Nefs, B.; Pavlenko, Y. V.; Fossati, L.; del Burgo, C.; Martín, E. L.; Snellen, I.; Barnes, J.; Bayo, A.; Campbell, D. A.; Catalan, S.; Gálvez-Ortiz, M. C.; Goulding, N.; Haswell, C.; Ivanyuk, O.; Jones, H. R.; Kuznetsov, M.; Lodieu, N.; Marocco, F.; Mislis, D.; Murgas, F.; Napiwotzki, R.; Palle, E.; Pollacco, D.; Sarro Baro, L.; Solano, E.; Steele, P.; Stoev, H.; Tata, R.; Zendejas, J.

    2012-12-01

    We report the discovery of WTS-1b, the first extrasolar planet found by the WFCAM Transit Survey, which began observations at the 3.8-m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) in 2007 August. Light curves comprising almost 1200 epochs with a photometric precision of better than 1 per cent to J ˜ 16 were constructed for ˜60 000 stars and searched for periodic transit signals. For one of the most promising transiting candidates, high-resolution spectra taken at the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) allowed us to estimate the spectroscopic parameters of the host star, a late-F main-sequence dwarf (V = 16.13) with possibly slightly subsolar metallicity, and to measure its radial velocity variations. The combined analysis of the light curves and spectroscopic data resulted in an orbital period of the substellar companion of 3.35 d, a planetary mass of 4.01 ± 0.35 MJ and a planetary radius of 1.49-0.18+0.16 RJ. WTS-1b has one of the largest radius anomalies among the known hot Jupiters in the mass range 3-5 MJ. The high irradiation from the host star ranks the planet in the pM class. Based on observations collected at the 3.8-m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (Hawaii, USA), the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (Texas, USA), the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (La Palma, Spain), the William Herschel Telescope (La Palma, Spain), the German-Spanish Astronomical Centre (Calar Alto, Spain), the Kitt Peak National Observatory (Arizona, USA) and the Hertfordshire's Bayfordbury Observatory.

  8. MAGIC detection of sub-TEV emission from gravitationally lensed blazar QSO B0218+357

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dominis Prester, D.; Sitarek, J.; Becerra, J.; Buson, S.; Lindfors, E.; Manganaro, M.; Mazin, D.; Nievas Rosillo, M.; Nilsson, K.; Stamerra, A.; Tavecchio, F.; Vovk, Ie.; MAGIC Collaboration; Fermi LAT Collaboration

    The blazar QSO B0218+357 is the first gravitationally lensed blazar detected in the very high energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray spectral range (Ahnen et al. 2016). It is gravitationally lensed by the intervening galaxy B0218+357G (z l = 0.68466 +/- 0.00004, Carilli et al. 1993), which splits the blazar emission into two components, spatially indistinguishable by gamma-ray instruments, but separated by a 10-12 days delay. In July 2014 a flare from QSO B0218+357 was observed by the Fermi-LAT (Large Area Telescope, Atwood et al. 2009, Ackermann et al. 2012), and followed-up by the MAGIC (Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov) telescopes, a stereoscopic system of two 17m Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes located on La Palma, Canary Islands (Aleksić et al. 2016a, 2016b), during the expected time of arrival of the delayed component of the emission. MAGIC could not observe the leading image due to the Full Moon. The MAGIC and Fermi-LAT observations were accompanied by optical data from KVA telescope at La Palma, and X-ray observations by Swift-XRT (Fig. 1 left). Variability in gamma-rays was of the order of one day, while no variability correlated with gamma-rays was observed at lower energies. The flux ratio of the leading to trailing image in HE gamma-rays was larger than in the flare of QSO B0218+357 observed by Fermi-LAT in 2012 (Cheung et al. 2014). Changes in the observed flux ratio can be caused by gravitational microlensing on individual stars in the host galaxy (Neronov et al. 2015), or by other compact objects like for ex. clumps in giant molecular clouds (Sitarek & Bednarek 2016).

  9. First Carlsberg Meridian Telescope (CMT) CCD Catalogue.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bélizon, F.; Muiños, J. L.; Vallejo, M.; Evans, D. W.; Irwin, M.; Helmer, L.

    2003-11-01

    The Carlsberg Meridian Telescope (CMT) is a telescope owned by Copenhagen University Observatory (CUO). It was installed in the Spanish observatory of El Roque de los Muchachos on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands) in 1984. It is operated jointly by the CUO, the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge (IoA) and the Real Instituto y Observatorio de la Armada of Spain (ROA) in the framework of an international agreement. From 1984 to 1998 the instrument was provided with a moving slit micrometer and with its observations a series of 11 catalogues were published, `Carlsberg Meridian Catalogue La Palma (CMC No 1-11)'. Since 1997, the telescope has been controlled remotely via Internet. The three institutions share this remote control in periods of approximately three months. In 1998, the CMT was upgraded by installing as sensor, a commercial Spectrasource CCD camera as a test of the possibility of performing meridian transits observed in drift-scan mode. Once this was shown possible, in 1999, a second model of CCD camera, built in the CUO workshop with a better performance, was installed. The Spectrasource camera was loaned to ROA by CUO and is now installed in the San Fernando Automatic Meridian Circle in San Juan (CMASF). In 1999, the observations were started of a sky survey from -3deg to +30deg in declination. In July 2002, a first release of the survey was published, with the positions of the observed stars in the band between -3deg and +3deg in declination. This oral communication will present this first release of the survey.

  10. The role of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations: potential Leishmania spp. vectors in the Brazilian savanna.

    PubMed

    Machado, Tâmara Dias Oliveira; Minuzzi-Souza, Thaís Tâmara Castro; Ferreira, Tauana de Sousa; Freire, Luciana Pereira; Timbó, Renata Velôzo; Vital, Tamires Emanuele; Nitz, Nadjar; Silva, Mariana Neiva; Santos, Alcinei de Souza; Sales, Nathyla Morgana Cunha; Obara, Marcos Takashi; Andrade, Andrey José de; Gurgel-Gonçalves, Rodrigo

    2017-10-01

    Knowledge on synanthropic phlebotomines and their natural infection by Leishmania is necessary for the identification of potential areas for leishmaniasis occurrence. To analyse the occurrence of Phlebotominae in gallery forests and household units (HUs) in the city of Palmas and to determine the rate of natural infection by trypanosomatids. Gallery forests and adjacent household areas were sampled on July (dry season) and November (rainy season) in 2014. The total sampling effort was 960 HP light traps and eight Shannon traps. Trypanosomatids were detected in Phlebotominae females through the amplification of the SSU rDNA region, and the positive samples were used in ITS1-PCR. Trypanosomatid species were identified using sequencing. A total of 1,527 sand flies representing 30 species were captured in which 949 (28 spp.) and 578 (22 spp.) were registered in July and November, respectively. In July, more specimens were captured in the gallery forests than in the HUs, and Nyssomyia whitmani was particularly frequent. In November, most of the specimens were found in the HUs, and again, Ny. whitmani was the predominant species. Lutzomyia longipalpis was commonly found in domestic areas, while Bichromomyia flaviscutellata was most frequent in gallery forests. Molecular analysis of 154 pools of females (752 specimens) identified Leishmania amazonensis, L. infantum, and Crithidia fasciculata in Ny. whitmani, as well as L. amazonensis in Lu. longipalpis, Trypanosoma sp. and L. amazonensis in Pintomyia christenseni, and L. amazonensis in both Psathyromyia hermanlenti and Evandromyia walkeri. These results show the importance of gallery forests in maintaining Phlebotominae populations in the dry month, as well as their frequent occurrence in household units in the rainy month. This is the first study to identify Leishmania, Trypanosoma, and Crithidia species in Phlebotominae collected in Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil.

  11. [Estimated prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in the Canary Islands].

    PubMed

    Fortea Sevilla, M S; Escandell Bermúdez, M O; Castro Sánchez, J J

    2013-12-01

    To make an initial estimate of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among children in the province of Las Palmas (Spain). Descriptive study was conducted on 1,796 children between the ages of 18 and 30 months of age, all part of the Child Health Surveillance of the Canary Islands, more specifically the province of Las Palmas, with a population of 1,090,605. The parents of children involved completed the Spanish version of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT/ES) in the paediatric clinic. The positive cases were then diagnosed by experts by means of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADIR) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). A 0.61% prevalence of ASDs was determined, similar to that reported in previous studies using the same tools. The ratio was six girls for every five boys. This was contrary to the results of previous studies which suggested more boys than girls were affected. This may have been due to the sample size, which will have to be increased in future studies to confirm this outcome. An increased sample size and also spread to other age ranges should be used in order to obtain a more reliable estimate of prevalence. As regards the gender ratio, this could be a result of the small size of the sample researched, and should therefore be confirmed by further studies. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias: 30 years of Research and Communication in Astronomy.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Del Puerto, Carmen; Rodriguez, Nayra; Rosenberg, Alfred; Beckman, John Etienne

    2015-08-01

    1985 was a year of inauguration for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). In that year its two observatories, the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, on the island of La Palma, (where its 10.4m optical-NIR telescope vies with the world´s major instruments), and the Observatorio del Teide, on the island of Tenerife, as well as its headquarters in La Laguna, Tenerife, were all inaugurated. This young institution has rapidly become the leading research centre for astronomy in Spain and achieved research standards at a European and world level. The 30th anniversary celebrations this year give an opportunity to maximize its already very active outreach programmes. In February two shows, featuring IAC researchers, and with astronomical themes, were shown in the main theatre of the city of La Laguna, and during the year further entertainment, collaborating with Canarian musicians and artists, is planned. Two exhibitions have been designed combining the anniversary with celebrations of the International Year of Light: “Listen to the Universe”, in Tenerife, and “Thirty Journeys around the Sun”, in La Palma, which will be open to the public for most of the year. A new outreach magazine “Parallaxes” will be launched by the IAC, in both paper and digital editions, and will complement the current blog, and news websites of the institute, as well as its communications on Facebook and Twitter. Among the activities being organized in Tenerife will be the formal naming of traffic circles with names of the telescopes at the Observatories. In conjunction with the municipal wine cellars of the local city of Tegueste a new Canarian wine produced by innovative methods and with an astronomical motif on its label, is to be launched during the year. All of these activities are in addition to the somewhat more routine productions of videos on the research lines of the IAC, including exoplanets, solar stellar, and interstellar physics, galaxies, and cosmology.

  13. Tectonic evolution of the Neoproterozoic São Gabriel block, southern Brazil: Constraints on Brasiliano orogenic evolution of the Rio de la Plata cratonic margin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saalmann, K.; Remus, M. V. D.; Hartmann, L. A.

    2006-07-01

    Precambrian rocks of southernmost Brazil display a complex tectonometamorphic evolution since the Archean. Neoproterozoic juvenile rocks in the São Gabriel block offer a unique opportunity to study unequivocal Brasiliano fabric and tectonics. The stratigraphic succession comprises the Palma Group, which consists of metasedimentary rocks and juxtaposed (ultra-)mafic to intermediate volcanic and volcanoclastic rocks formed mainly in a subduction zone environment, as well as the juvenile metadiorites, -tonalites and -trondhjemites of the Cambaí Complex, which represent relics of magmatic arcs. Four deformational events, the first three characterized by ductile deformation, can be distinguished in the São Gabriel block. The first deformation, D1, led to the formation of a first foliation and metamorphic layering, possibly related to a first folding event. The D2 event reached amphibolite facies metamorphic peak conditions and corresponds to southeast-directed thrusting. D1 and D2 can be observed only in the lower Palma Group rocks. D3 led to the tectonic juxtaposition of different lithologic units along major SW-NE-striking shear zones, which defines the final overall geometry of the area represented by a dextral transpressive, southeast-vergent ductile thrust stack. Ductile SW-NE-oriented strike-slip shearing occurred predominantly in syntectonic (syn-D3) plutonic rocks of the Cambaí Complex due to the lower viscosity and strength of the magmatic rocks, whereas deformation in the wall rocks (Palma Group) was accommodated mainly by southeast-vergent folding. The main part of the D3 deformation took place under upper greenschist to lower amphibolite facies metamorphic conditions. The last deformation, D4, is characterized by semi-brittle, southeast-directed thrusting. A plate tectonic model for the São Gabriel block comprises (1) eastward subduction of oceanic crust and approximately 880 Ma accretion of the intraoceanic Passinho arc to the eastern border of the Rio

  14. Oxygen isotope heterogeneity of the mantle beneath the Canary Islands: a discussion of the paper of Gurenko et al.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, James M. D.; Macpherson, Colin G.; Lowry, David; Pearson, D. Graham

    2012-07-01

    Gurenko et al. (Contrib Mineral Petrol 162:349-363, 2011) report laser-assisted fluorination (LF) and secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) 18O/16O datasets for olivine grains from the Canary Islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma and El Hierro. As with prior studies of oxygen isotopes in Canary Island lavas (e.g. Thirlwall et al. Chem Geol 135:233-262, 1997; Day et al. Geology 37:555-558, 2009, Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74:6565-6589, 2010), these authors find variations in δ18Ool (~4.6-6.0 ‰) beyond that measured for mantle peridotite olivine (Mattey et al. Earth Planet Sci Lett 128:231-241, 1994) and interpret this variation to reflect contributions from pyroxenite-peridotite mantle sources. Furthermore, Gurenko et al. (Contrib Mineral Petrol 162:349-363, 2011) speculate that δ18Ool values for La Palma olivine grains measured by LF (Day et al. Geology 37:555-558, 2009, Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74:6565-6589, 2010) may be biased to low values due to the presence of altered silicate, possibly serpentine. The range in δ18Ool values for Canary Island lavas are of importance for constraining their origin. Gurenko et al. (Contrib Mineral Petrol 162:349-363, 2011) took a subset (39 SIMS analyses from 13 grains from a single El Hierro lava; EH4) of a more extensive dataset (321 SIMS analyses from 110 grains from 16 Canary Island lavas) to suggest that δ18Ool is weakly correlated ( R 2 = 0.291) with the parameter used by Gurenko et al. (Earth Planet Sci Lett 277:514-524, 2009) to describe the estimated weight fraction of pyroxenite-derived melt ( Xpx). With this relationship, end-member δ18O values for HIMU-peridotite (δ18O = 5.3 ± 0.3 ‰) and depleted pyroxenite (δ18O = 5.9 ± 0.3 ‰) were defined. Although the model proposed by Gurenko et al. (Contrib Mineral Petrol 162:349-363, 2011) implicates similar pyroxenite-peridotite mantle sources to those proposed by Day et al. (Geology 37:555-558, 2009, Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74:6565-6589, 2010

  15. The galaxy population of Abell 1367: photometric and spectroscopic data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kriwattanawong, W.; Moss, C.; James, P. A.; Carter, D.

    2011-03-01

    Aims: Photometric and spectroscopic observations of the galaxy population of the galaxy cluster Abell 1367 have been obtained, over a field of 34' × 90', covering the cluster centre out to a radius of ~2.2 Mpc. Optical broad- and narrow-band imaging was used to determine galaxy luminosities, diameters and morphologies, and to study current star formation activity of a sample of cluster galaxies. Near-infrared imaging was obtained to estimate integrated stellar masses, and to aid the determination of mean stellar ages and metallicities for the future investigation of the star formation history of those galaxies. Optical spectroscopic observations were also taken, to confirm cluster membership of galaxies in the sample through their recession velocities. Methods.U, B and R broad-band and Hα narrow-band imaging observations were carried out using the Wide Field Camera (WFC) on the 2.5 m Isaac Newton Telescope on La Palma, covering the field described above. J and K near-infrared imaging was obtained using the Wide Field Camera (WFCAM) on the 3.8 m UK Infrared Telescope on Mauna Kea, covering a somewhat smaller field of 0.75 square degrees on the cluster centre. The spectroscopic observations were carried out using a multifibre spectrograph (WYFFOS) on the 4.2 m William Herschel Telecope on La Palma, over the same field as the optical imaging observations. Results: Our photometric data give optical and near-infrared isophotal magnitudes for 303 galaxies in our survey regions, down to stated diameter and B-band magnitude limits, determined within R24 isophotal diameters. Our spectroscopic data of 328 objects provide 84 galaxies with detections of emission and/or absorption lines. Combining these with published spectroscopic data gives 126 galaxies within our sample for which recession velocities are known. Of these, 72 galaxies are confirmed as cluster members of Abell 1367, 11 of which are identified in this study and 61 are reported in the literature. Hα equivalent

  16. Absolute dimensions of eclipsing binaries. XXIX. The Am-type systems SW Canis Majoris and HW Canis Majoris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torres, G.; Clausen, J. V.; Bruntt, H.; Claret, A.; Andersen, J.; Nordström, B.; Stefanik, R. P.; Latham, D. W.

    2012-01-01

    Context. Accurate physical properties of eclipsing stars provide important constraints on models of stellar structure and evolution, especially when combined with spectroscopic information on their chemical composition. Empirical calibrations of the data also lead to accurate mass and radius estimates for exoplanet host stars. Finally, accurate data for unusual stellar subtypes, such as Am stars, also help to unravel the cause(s) of their peculiarities. Aims: We aim to determine the masses, radii, effective temperatures, detailed chemical composition and rotational speeds for the Am-type eclipsing binaries SW CMa (A4-5m) and HW CMa (A6m) and compare them with similar normal stars. Methods: Accurate radial velocities from the Digital Speedometers of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics were combined with previously published uvby photometry to determine precise physical parameters for the four stars. A detailed abundance analysis was performed from high-resolution spectra obtained with the Nordic Optical Telescope (La Palma). Results: We find the masses of the (relatively evolved) stars in SW CMa to be 2.10 and 2.24 M⊙, with radii of 2.50 and 3.01 R⊙, while the (essentially zero-age) stars in HW CMa have masses of 1.72 and 1.78 M⊙, radii of 1.64 and 1.66 R⊙ - all with errors well below 2%. Detailed atmospheric abundances for one or both components were determined for 14 elements in SW CMa ([Fe/H] = +0.49/+0.61 dex) and 16 in HW CMa ([Fe/H] = +0.33/+0.32 dex); both abundance patterns are characteristic of metallic-line stars. Both systems are well fit by current stellar evolution models for assumed bulk abundances of [Fe/H] = +0.05 and +0.23, respectively ([α/Fe] = 0.0), and ages of ~700 Myr and 160 Myr. Based on observations carried out with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) at La Palma, the 50 cm Strömgren Automatic Telescope (SAT) at ESO, La Silla, the 1.5 m Wyeth reflector at the Oak Ridge Observatory, Harvard, Massachusetts, USA, and the 1

  17. Lucky Imaging Adaptive Optics of the brown dwarf binary GJ569Bab

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Femenía, B.; Rebolo, R.; Pérez-Prieto, J. A.; Hildebrandt, S. R.; Labadie, L.; Pérez-Garrido, A.; Béjar, V. J. S.; Díaz-Sánchez, A.; Villó, I.; Oscoz, A.; López, R.; Rodríguez, L. F.; Piqueras, J.

    2011-05-01

    The potential of combining Adaptive Optics (AO) and Lucky Imaging (LI) to achieve high-precision astrometry and differential photometry in the optical is investigated by conducting observations of the close 0.1 arcsec brown dwarf binary GJ569Bab. We took 50 000 I-band images with our LI instrument FastCam attached to NAOMI, the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) AO facility. In order to extract the most of the astrometry and photometry of the GJ569Bab system we have resorted to a PSF fitting technique using the primary star GJ569A as a suitable PSF reference which exhibits an I-band magnitude of 7.78 ± 0.03. The AO+LI observations at WHT were able to resolve the binary system GJ569Bab located at 4.92 ± 0.05 arcsec from GJ569A. We measure a separation of 98.4 ± 1.1 mas and I-band magnitudes of 13.86 ± 0.03 and 14.48 ± 0.03 and I-J colours of 2.72 ± 0.08 and 2.83 ± 0.08 for the Ba and Bb components, respectively. Our study rules out the presence of any other companion to GJ569A down to magnitude I˜ 17 at distances larger than 1 arcsec. The I-J colours measured are consistent with M8.5-M9 spectral types for the Ba and Bb components. The available dynamical, photometric and spectroscopic data are consistent with a binary system with Ba being slightly (10-20 per cent) more massive than Bb. We obtain new orbital parameters which are in good agreement with those in the literature. Based on service observations made with the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group and on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT), operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  18. Photometry and taxonomy of trans-Neptunian objects and Centaurs in support of a Herschel key program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perna, D.; Dotto, E.; Barucci, M. A.; Mazzotta Epifani, E.; Vilenius, E.; Dall'Ora, M.; Fornasier, S.; Müller, T. G.

    2013-06-01

    Context. The investigation of Centaurs and trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) provides essential information about the early conditions and evolution of the outer solar system. The radiometric technique combines measurements in the visible and thermal infrared; with these one can estimate the size and albedo of Centaurs and TNOs. Aims: Our aim is to obtain visible photometry of a sample of Centaurs and TNOs, a subset of the targets of the "TNOs are cool" key program at the Herschel Space Observatory. Methods: We carried out visible photometry of Centaurs and TNOs, making use of the DOLORES instrument at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG, La Palma, Spain). Results: We report photometric observations of 20 objects and present the computed absolute magnitudes. We derive the taxonomy of our targets (nine are classified for the first time, the results for five objects agree with the literature, the other targets are tentatively classified based on incomplete datasets) and combine the results with the literature, searching for correlations between taxonomy and dynamics. We look for comet-like activity in our Centaur sample, including (248835) 2006 SX368, which was previously described as active. Conclusions: We provide an accurate determination of the absolute magnitude and of the relative error for each of our targets. These values can be readily used in combination with thermal infrared data. The surface of TNO (65489) Ceto seems to be heterogeneous. Our results seem to support an evolutionary origin for the color dichotomy of Centaurs, and the occurrence of a strong mixing after the TNO formation. No evident cometary activity is detected around the five Centaurs in our sample; assuming that an unresolved coma is present around (248835) 2006 SX368, we use the "photometric model" to derive the possible dust production rate, finding that Qdust is in the range 1-31 kg/s. Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island

  19. The high-redshift gamma-ray burst GRB 140515A. A comprehensive X-ray and optical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melandri, A.; Bernardini, M. G.; D'Avanzo, P.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R.; Nappo, F.; Nava, L.; Japelj, J.; de Ugarte Postigo, A.; Oates, S.; Campana, S.; Covino, S.; D'Elia, V.; Ghirlanda, G.; Gafton, E.; Ghisellini, G.; Gnedin, N.; Goldoni, P.; Gorosabel, J.; Libbrecht, T.; Malesani, D.; Salvaterra, R.; Thöne, C. C.; Vergani, S. D.; Xu, D.; Tagliaferri, G.

    2015-09-01

    High-redshift gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) offer several advantages when studying the distant Universe, providing unique information about the structure and properties of the galaxies in which they exploded. Spectroscopic identification with large ground-based telescopes has improved our knowledge of this kind of distant events. We present the multi-wavelength analysis of the high-zSwift GRB GRB 140515A (z = 6.327). The best estimate of the neutral hydrogen fraction of the intergalactic medium towards the burst is xHI ≤ 0.002. The spectral absorption lines detected for this event are the weakest lines ever observed in GRB afterglows, suggesting that GRB 140515A exploded in a very low-density environment. Its circum-burst medium is characterised by an average extinction (AV ~ 0.1) that seems to be typical of z ≥ 6 events. The observed multi-band light curves are explained either with a very hard injected spectrum (p = 1.7) or with a multi-component emission (p = 2.1). In the second case a long-lasting central engine activity is needed in order to explain the late time X-ray emission. The possible origin of GRB 140515A in a Pop III (or in a Pop II star with a local environment enriched by Pop III) massive star is unlikely. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, ESO, the VLT/Kueyen telescope, Paranal, Chile (proposal code: 093.A-0069), on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated by the Nordic Optical Telescope Scientific Association at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain, of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (programme 49-008), and on observations made with the Italian 3.6-m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG), operated by the Fundación Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Instituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain, of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (programme A26TAC_63).Appendix A is available in electronic form at

  20. Tracking Advanced Planetary Systems (TAPAS) with HARPS-N. II. Super Li-rich giant HD 107028

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamów, M.; Niedzielski, A.; Villaver, E.; Wolszczan, A.; Kowalik, K.; Nowak, G.; Adamczyk, M.; Deka-Szymankiewicz, B.

    2015-09-01

    the island of La Palma by the Fundación Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.Based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  1. SN 2011A: A Low-luminosity Interacting Transient with a Double Plateau and Strong Sodium Absorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Jaeger, T.; Anderson, J. P.; Pignata, G.; Hamuy, M.; Kankare, E.; Stritzinger, M. D.; Benetti, S.; Bufano, F.; Elias-Rosa, N.; Folatelli, G.; Förster, F.; González-Gaitán, S.; Gutiérrez, C. P.; Inserra, C.; Kotak, R.; Lira, P.; Morrell, N.; Taddia, F.; Tomasella, L.

    2015-07-01

    We present optical photometry and spectroscopy of the optical transient SN 2011A. Our data span 140 days after discovery including {BVRI} u\\prime g\\prime r\\prime i\\prime z\\prime photometry and 11 epochs of optical spectroscopy. Originally classified as a type IIn supernova (SN IIn) due to the presence of narrow Hα emission, this object shows exceptional characteristics. First, the light curve shows a double plateau, a property only observed before in the impostor SN 1997bs. Second, SN 2011A has a very low luminosity ({M}V=-15.72), placing it between normal luminous SNe IIn and SN impostors. Third, SN 2011A shows low velocity and high equivalent width absorption close to the sodium doublet, which increases with time and is most likely of circumstellar origin. This evolution is also accompanied by a change in line profile; when the absorption becomes stronger, a P Cygni profile appears. We discuss SN 2011A in the context of interacting SNe IIn and SN impostors, which appears to confirm the uniqueness of this transient. While we favor an impostor origin for SN 2011A, we highlight the difficulty in differentiating between terminal and non-terminal interacting transients. This paper includes data obtained with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes and du Pont telescope; the Gemini-North Telescope, Mauna Kea, USA (Gemini Program GN-2010B-Q67, PI: Stritzinger); the PROMPT telescopes at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile; with the Liverpool Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by Liverpool John Moores University in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias with financial support from the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council; based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated by the Nordic Optical Telescope Scientific Association at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos, La Palma, Spain, of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias; the NTT from ESO Science Archive

  2. Challenges associated with drunk driving measurement: combining police and self-reported data to estimate an accurate prevalence in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Sousa, Tanara; Lunnen, Jeffrey C; Gonçalves, Veralice; Schmitz, Aurinez; Pasa, Graciela; Bastos, Tamires; Sripad, Pooja; Chandran, Aruna; Pechansky, Flavio

    2013-12-01

    Drunk driving is an important risk factor for road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths. After June 2008, all drivers in Brazil were subject to a "Zero Tolerance Law" with a set breath alcohol concentration of 0.1 mg/L of air. However, a loophole in this law enabled drivers to refuse breath or blood alcohol testing as it may self-incriminate. The reported prevalence of drunk driving is therefore likely a gross underestimate in many cities. To compare the prevalence of drunk driving gathered from police reports to the prevalence gathered from self-reported questionnaires administered at police sobriety roadblocks in two Brazilian capital cities, and to estimate a more accurate prevalence of drunk driving utilizing three correction techniques based upon information from those questionnaires. In August 2011 and January-February 2012, researchers from the Centre for Drug and Alcohol Research at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul administered a roadside interview on drunk driving practices to 805 voluntary participants in the Brazilian capital cities of Palmas and Teresina. Three techniques which include measures such as the number of persons reporting alcohol consumption in the last six hours but who had refused breath testing were used to estimate the prevalence of drunk driving. The prevalence of persons testing positive for alcohol on their breath was 8.8% and 5.0% in Palmas and Teresina respectively. Utilizing a correction technique we calculated that a more accurate prevalence in these sites may be as high as 28.2% and 28.7%. In both cities, about 60% of drivers who self-reported having drank within six hours of being stopped by the police either refused to perform breathalyser testing; fled the sobriety roadblock; or were not offered the test, compared to about 30% of drivers that said they had not been drinking. Despite the reduction of the legal limit for drunk driving stipulated by the "Zero Tolerance Law," loopholes in the legislation permit many

  3. Are phytoplankton and bacteria coupled within an aquatic oligotrophic system?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González-Benítez, N.; Gattuso, J.-P.

    2003-04-01

    The degree of coupling between phytoplankton and bacteria was estimated within the Bay of Palma during summer 2002 at four stations (Posidonia, Bahía, Cap Enderrocat and Station 4), by comparing the relative proportions of particulate (POC-pr) and dissolved (DOC-pr) primary production with bacterial carbon demand (BCD). The Bay of Palma showed a remarkable degree of spatial variability during summer. We observed two contrasting regions. Rates of carbon fixation (DOC-pr + POC-pr) were on average fourfold higher at Bahía and Posidonia stations (1.50 ± 0.30 mg C m-3 h-1) than at the Cap Enderrocat and St4 stations (0.35 ± 0.09 mg C m-3 h-1). The slope of the positive correlation between DOC-pr and POC-pr production (r2 = 0.57, p< 0.001) was significantly lower than 1 suggesting that the relative contribution of the dissolved fraction to the total primary production (PER=DOC/[DOC+POC]) increases as the productivity of the system decreases. The PER was lower in the most productive area (37 ± 4%) than in the less productive area (69 ± 4%). Bacterial respiration (BR) was significantly lower than total community respiration (unfiltered samples) and averaged 66 % after 12 h of incubation. These results suggest that heterotrophic bacteria are the major contributors to bulk community respiration during summer. Bacterial production (BP) was positively correlated with POC (r2 = 0.53, p< 0.05) but was inversely correlated with PER (r2 = 0.70, p< 0.001). Bacterial growth efficiency (BGE = BP/[BP+BR]) showed also an important spatial variability, being higher within the most productive area (44 ± 4%) than within the less productive area (6 ± 1%). On the other hand, BCD amounted to 88 ± 21% (higher productive area) and 211 ± 43% (lower productive area) of total primary production. On the whole, BP and BGE responds to changes in phytoplankton production, increasing as the primary production increases whereas PER decreases. In addition, there is clear evidence of the

  4. A New Coherent Science Content Storyline Astronomy Course for Pre-Service Teachers at Penn State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palma, Christopher; Plummer, Julia; Earth and Space Science Partnership

    2016-01-01

    The Earth and Space Science Partnership (ESSP) is a collaboration among Penn State scientists, science educators and seven school districts across Pennsylvania. One of the ESSP goals has been to provide pre-service teachers with new or improved science course offerings at Penn State in the Earth and Space Science domains. In particular, we aim to provide students with opportunities to learn astronomy content knowledge through teaching methods that engage them in investigations where they experience the practices used by astronomers. We have designed a new course that builds on our research into students' ideas about Solar System astronomy (Plummer et al. 2015) and the curriculum our team created for a professional development workshop for in-service teachers (Palma et al. 2013) with this same theme. The course was offered for the first time in the spring 2015 semester. We designed the course using a coherent science content storyline approach (see, e.g., Palma et al. 2014), which requires all of the student investigations to build towards a big idea in science; in this case, we chose the model for formation of our Solar System. The course led pre-service teachers through a series of investigations that model the type of instruction we hope they will adopt in their own classrooms. They were presented with a series of research questions that all tie in to the big idea of Solar System formation, and they were responsible for collecting and interpreting their own data to draw evidence-based conclusions about one aspect of this model. Students in the course were assessed on their astronomy content knowledge, but also on their ability to construct arguments using scientific reasoning to answer astronomy questions. In this poster, we will present descriptions of the investigations, the assessments used, and our preliminary results about how the course led this group of pre-service teachers to improved understanding of astronomy content and the practices astronomers use in

  5. Halotalea alkalilenta gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel osmotolerant and alkalitolerant bacterium from alkaline olive mill wastes, and emended description of the family Halomonadaceae Franzmann et al. 1989, emend. Dobson and Franzmann 1996.

    PubMed

    Ntougias, Spyridon; Zervakis, Georgios I; Fasseas, Constantinos

    2007-09-01

    A novel Gram-negative, motile, nonsporulating, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from alkaline sludge-like wastes ('alpeorujo' or 'alperujo') of two-phase olive oil extraction is described. The strain, designated AW-7(T), is an obligate aerobe that is halotolerant (tolerating up to 15 % w/v NaCl), sugar-tolerant (tolerating up to 45 % and 60 % w/v (+)-d-glucose and maltose respectively; these are the highest concentrations tolerated by any known members of the Bacteria domain) and alkalitolerant (growing at a broad pH range of 5-11). Strain AW-7(T) is chemo-organotrophic. Ubiquinone-9 was detected in the respiratory chain of strain AW-7(T). The major fatty acids present are C(18 : 1)omega7c, C(16 : 0), C(19 : 0) cyclo omega8c, C(12 : 0) 3-OH and C(16 : 1)omega7c/iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain AW-7(T) showed almost equal phylogenetic distances from Zymobacter palmae (95.6 % similarity) and Carnimonas nigrificans (95.4 % similarity). In addition, low DNA-DNA relatedness values were found for strain AW-7(T) against Carnimonas nigrificans CECT 4437(T) (22.5-25.4 %) and Z. palmae DSM 10491(T) (11.9-14.4 %). The DNA G+C content of strain AW-7(T) is 64.4 mol%. Physiological and chemotaxonomic data further confirmed the differentiation of strain AW-7(T) from the genera Zymobacter and Carnimonas. Thus, strain AW-7(T) represents a novel bacterial genus within the family Halomonadaceae, for which the name Halotalea gen. nov. is proposed. Halotalea alkalilenta sp. nov. (type strain AW-7(T)=DSM 17697(T)=CECT 7134(T)) is proposed as the type species of the genus Halotalea gen. nov. A reassignment of the descriptive 16S rRNA signature characteristics of the family Halomonadaceae permitted the placement of the novel genus Halotalea into the family; in contrast, the genus Halovibrio possessed only 12 out of the 18 signature characteristics proposed, and hence it was excluded from the family Halomonadaceae.

  6. Evaluation of Bajo Blanco Sandbar as a Potential Beach Nourishment Borrow Site for Eroding Beaches in Rincon, Puerto Rico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rojas, C. A.; Canals, M.

    2016-02-01

    The municipality of Rincón, Puerto Rico is recognized for its world-class surfing beaches. Unfortunately, the coast from Punta Higüero to Punta Cadena in Rincón is experiencing long-term erosion (Thieler 2007), which has caused the destruction of many beachfront homes and hotels and had negative impacts on the local tourism-driven economy. The purpose of this project is to evaluate whether the nearby Bajo Blanco sandbar, located just offshore of these eroded beaches, could be used as a possible beach nourishment borrow site. A high-resolution bathymetric survey of Bajo Blanco sandbar was conducted along with a grain size analysis to compare the grain size distribution of the Bajo Blanco sandbar with the sediment properties of the eroded beaches. It was found that the sediment from Bajo Blanco is finer yet may be suitable as beach fill material for these beaches according to Dean's overfill ratio. Compatibility analysis suggests a total volume of sandbar sediment of approximately 685,555 cubic meters to allow successful beach equilibrium. To evaluate the potential effects of the sand extraction on the nearshore wave climate, numerical simulations were performed using the spectral wave model of the USACE Coastal Modeling System (CMS-Wave). Wave model results for several dredging scenarios suggest that wave energy flux concentrates around the shoal causing an increase in wave height at the northern and southern edges of the shoal. Therefore, conservation of energy leads to a reduction of wave energy flux shoreward of the shoal, causing a shadow of reduced wave height. In addition, the Tres Palmas Marine reserve is located just north of Bajo Blanco sandbar and features some of the healthiest Elkorn Corals in the Caribbean. To avoid excessive sedimentation of these reefs during dredging activities, the Particle Tracking Module (PTM), integrated in the Surface-water Modeling System (SMS), was used to evaluate the Lagrangian particle transport processes along Bajo

  7. Mass-dependent molybdenum isotopes in mid-ocean ridge basalts: A new mantle reference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hibbert, K.; Freymuth, H.; Willbold, M.; Elliott, T.

    2013-12-01

    Molybdenum isotopes have been proposed as a novel tracer for subduction components in arc magmas as well as for recycled crustal components in the source of ocean island basalts. In order to investigate these hypotheses, it is important to establish a reference value for the molybdenum isotope composition of the mantle, which has so far been only poorly constrained and based on continental material and volcanic rocks with large analytical errors [1]. Analysis of samples of basalts from the Mariana arc shows that samples are enriched in Mo relative to Pr, an element with a similar degree of incompatibility during mantle melting. This enrichment correlates with δ98Mo such that the heaviest samples (~+0.16‰ relative to NIST SRM 3134) also have the highest Mo/Pr. The resulting array is interpreted as a result of fluid enrichment of a presumed mantle composition, with isotopically heavy fluids derived from fluid-solid fractionation during slab dehydration [2]. This scenario further implies that the deep recycled, subduction zone processed crust should be isotopically light. There is evidence for this in the Mo isotopic composition of some ocean island basalts (OIBs). Notably, basalts from La Palma, which have radiogenic Pb and Os isotopic compositions proposed to result from a component of recycled mafic oceanic crust, have isotopically light Mo (δ98Mo -0.24 to -0.49‰). Implicit in this apparently self-consistent model is that MORB has a δ98Mo intermediate between the isotopically heavy, fluid-rich arc lavas of the Marianas and the isotopically light basalts of La Palma. The low [Mo] of MORB, coupled with the potential for Fe-Mn coatings to perturb δ98Mo to lower values, has made this a more challenging quest. Here we present new data to constrain this datum for the convecting upper mantle. We have processed up to ~1g of carefully handpicked glasses and obtain values of ~-0.15 to -0.25‰, entirely in keeping with the scenario outlined above. Analysis of

  8. Ionospheric slab thickness at the equatorial anomaly region after the deep solar minimum of cycle 23/24

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duarte-Silva, Marcelo H.; Muella, Marcio T. A. H.; Silva, Lidianne C. C.; de Abreu, Alessandro J.; Fagundes, Paulo R.

    2015-11-01

    The ionospheric slab thickness is a measure of the shape of the ionospheric profile and can be obtained from the ratio of total electron content (TEC) to the F-region peak electron density (NmF2). In this study the ionospheric slab thickness was obtained during one year of extremely low solar activity (from March 2009 to February 2010). The period analyzed were separated in three seasonal groups: equinoxes, June solstice (winter) and December solstice (summer) months. The ionospheric slab thickness was studied at two stations located around the southern crest of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). One station located in the inner edge of the anomaly region, named Palmas (10.12° S, 48.21° O, 7.73° S dip lat), and another station located under the southern crest of the anomaly, situated at São José dos Campos (23.07° S, 45.52° O, 19.61° S dip lat). The TEC data have been obtained from dual-frequency Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers and the NmF2 data were calculated from the foF2 parameter scaled from ionograms recorded by simultaneous measurements of digital ionosondes. The diurnal and seasonal variations of the ionospheric slab thickness at the EIA region were then analyzed. The minimum values of TEC and NmF2 were observed in both stations during the early morning, and the maximum values during afternoon hours. During the summer and equinoctial periods the slab thickness reached their highest values. The nearly equatorial site of Palmas showed values of daytime slab thickness larger than those observed at the low latitude station of São José dos Campos, except during the June solstice months. At São José dos Campos, a pronounced pre-dusk increase in the equivalent slab thickness was observed during the winter solstice months. The atmospheric neutral temperature (Tn) was also estimated from the correlation analysis between the MSIS modeled Tn and the calculated ionospheric slab thickness over the two observations sites. Other

  9. K-Ar geochronology of basement rocks on the northern flank of the Huancabama deflection, Ecuador

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Feininger, Tomas; Silberman, M.L.

    1982-01-01

    The Huancabamba deflection, a major Andean orocline located at the Ecuador-Peru border, constitutes an important geologic boundary on the Pacific coast of South America. Crust to the north of the deflection is oceanic and the basement is composed of basic igneous rocks of Cretaceous age, whereas crust to the south is continental and felsic rocks of Precambrian to Cretaceous age make up the basement. The northern flank of the Huancabamba Deflection in El Oro Province, Ecuador, is underlain by Precambrian polymetamorphic basic rocks of the Piedras Group; shale, siltstone, sandstone, and their metamorphosed equivalents in the Tahuin Group (in part of Devonian age); concordant syntectonic granitic rocks; quartz diorite and alaskite of the Maroabeli pluton; a protrusion of serpentinized harzburgite that contains a large inclusion of blueschist-facies metamorphic rocks, the Raspas Formation, and metamorphic rocks north of the La Palma fault. Biotite from gneiss of the Tahuin Group yields a Late Triassic K-Ar age (210 ? 8 m.y.). This is interpreted as an uplift age and is consistent with a regional metamorphism of Paleozoic age. A nearby sample from the Piedras Group that yielded a hornblende K-Ar age of 196 ? 8 m.y. was affected by the same metamorphic event. Biotite from quartz diorite of the mesozonal Maroabeli pluton yields a Late Triassic age (214 ? 6 m.y.) which is interpreted as an uplift age which may be only slightly younger than the age of magmatic crystallization. Emplacement of the pluton may postdate regional metamorphism of the Tahuin Group. Phengite from politic schist of the Raspas Formation yields an Early Cretaceous K-Ar age (132 ? 5 m.y.). This age is believed to date the isostatic rise of the encasing serpentinized harzburgite as movement along a subjacent subduction zone ceased, and it is synchronous with the age of the youngest lavas of a coeval volcanic arc in eastern Ecuador. A Late Cretaceous K-Ar age (74.4 ? 1.1 m.y.) from hornblende in

  10. Leuconostoc miyukkimchii sp. nov., isolated from brown algae (Undaria pinnatifida) kimchi.

    PubMed

    Lee, Seung Hyeon; Park, Moon Su; Jung, Ji Young; Jeon, Che Ok

    2012-05-01

    A Gram-staining-positive, non-motile and non-spore-forming lactic acid bacterium, designated strain M2(T), was isolated from fermented brown algae (Undaria pinnatifida) kimchi in South Korea. Cells of the isolate were facultatively anaerobic ovoids and showed catalase- and oxidase-negative reactions. Growth of strain M2(T) was observed at 4-35 °C and at pH 5.0-9.0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 42.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain M2(T) belonged to the genus Leuconostoc and was most closely related to Leuconostoc inhae IH003(T), Leuconostoc kimchii IH25(T), Leuconostoc gasicomitatum LMG 18811(T), Leuconostoc gelidum DSM 5578(T), Leuconostoc palmae TMW2.694(T) and Leuconostoc holzapfelii BFE 7000(T) with 98.9 %, 98.8 %, 98.8 %, 98.7 %, 98.5 % and 98.2 % sequence similarity, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain M2(T) and Leuconostoc inhae KACC 12281(T), Leuconostoc kimchii IH25(T), Leuconostoc gelidum KACC 12256(T), Leuconostoc gasicomitatum KACC 13854(T), Leuconostoc palmae DSM 21144(T) and Leuconostoc holzapfelii DSM 21478(T) were 13.8±3.2 %, 14.3±3.4 %, 9.9±1.0 %, 13.2±0.8 %, 22.4±4.9 % and 16.2±4.6 %, respectively, which allowed differentiation of strain M2(T) from the closely related species of the genus Leuconostoc. On the basis of phenotypic and molecular properties, strain M2(T) represents a novel species in the genus Leuconostoc, for which the name Leuconostoc miyukkimchii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M2(T) ( = KACC 15353(T)  = JCM 17445(T)).

  11. The Kepler-10 Planetary System Revisited by HARPS-N: A Hot Rocky World and a Solid Neptune-Mass Planet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dumusque, Xavier; Bonomo, Aldo S.; Haywood, Raphaëlle D.; Malavolta, Luca; Ségransan, Damien; Buchhave, Lars A.; Collier Cameron, Andrew; Latham, David W.; Molinari, Emilio; Pepe, Francesco; Udry, Stéphane; Charbonneau, David; Cosentino, Rosario; Dressing, Courtney D.; Figueira, Pedro; Fiorenzano, Aldo F. M.; Gettel, Sara; Harutyunyan, Avet; Horne, Keith; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Lovis, Christophe; Mayor, Michel; Micela, Giusi; Motalebi, Fatemeh; Nascimbeni, Valerio; Phillips, David F.; Piotto, Giampaolo; Pollacco, Don; Queloz, Didier; Rice, Ken; Sasselov, Dimitar; Sozzetti, Alessandro; Szentgyorgyi, Andrew; Watson, Chris

    2014-07-01

    Kepler-10b was the first rocky planet detected by the Kepler satellite and confirmed with radial velocity follow-up observations from Keck-HIRES. The mass of the planet was measured with a precision of around 30%, which was insufficient to constrain models of its internal structure and composition in detail. In addition to Kepler-10b, a second planet transiting the same star with a period of 45 days was statistically validated, but the radial velocities were only good enough to set an upper limit of 20 M ⊕ for the mass of Kepler-10c. To improve the precision on the mass for planet b, the HARPS-N Collaboration decided to observe Kepler-10 intensively with the HARPS-N spectrograph on the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo on La Palma. In total, 148 high-quality radial-velocity measurements were obtained over two observing seasons. These new data allow us to improve the precision of the mass determination for Kepler-10b to 15%. With a mass of 3.33 ± 0.49 M ⊕ and an updated radius of 1.47+0.03-0.02 R ⊕, Kepler-10b has a density of 5.8 ± 0.8 g cm-3, very close to the value predicted by models with the same internal structure and composition as the Earth. We were also able to determine a mass for the 45-day period planet Kepler-10c, with an even better precision of 11%. With a mass of 17.2 ± 1.9 M ⊕ and radius of 2.35+0.09-0.04 R ⊕, Kepler-10c has a density of 7.1 ± 1.0 g cm-3. Kepler-10c appears to be the first strong evidence of a class of more massive solid planets with longer orbital periods. Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma by the Fundacin Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.

  12. Initiation of a severe thunderstorm over the Mediterranean Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohuet, J. B.; Romero, R.; Homar, V.; Ducrocq, V.; Ramis, C.

    2011-06-01

    The Mediterranean basin is regularly affected by severe weather associated with deep convection. Although convective systems are usually linked to coastal orography, some severe thunderstorms develop and mature over the sea. A recent example is the severe thunderstorm that affected the island of Mallorca in the afternoon of 4 October 2007. The storm formed early in the morning offshore of Murcia, and steadily became organized into a squall line. Arriving in Palma city, this squall line produced severe gusts, heavy rain and several tornadoes. The initiation and evolution of convection in these kinds of maritime events depend on both synoptic and mesoscale features. Representing such interactions is a challenge for numerical weather prediction. The aim of this study is to determine the prominent factors involved in the initiation and evolution of the damaging squall line, by means of high resolution numerical experiments. We also focus on squall line mesovortices to explain the potential for tornado development and the role of Mallorcan orography on their evolution. Simulations performed with the mesoscale model Méso-NH allowed relevant mechanisms for initiation and development of the strong squall line to be identified. The squall line initiates in an area with conditional instability, characterized by a cut-off and a southerly jet aloft and by moist, warm air at low-levels along a front. In addition, the area of low-level convergence offshore of Murcia, associated with the front and enhanced by a low downstream of the Atlas range, was shown to be crucial during the early stage of the convective system. The dry layer in the mid-troposphere and the strong sheared environment provide elements for understanding the development of such a damaging squall line. Moreover, a very high resolution experiment (600 m mesh) gave a very realistic representation of the squall line, including mesovortices ahead of the gust front, which confirmed the potential of this strong

  13. An Analytical Model for Fluted Sunspots and a New Interpretation of Evershed Flow and X-Ray Anemones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martens, Petrus C. H.; Hurlburt, Neal E.; Title, Alan M.; Acton, Loren W.

    1996-05-01

    We present a force-free constant-α model for the magnetic field in and above so-called "fluted" sunspots. This model is motivated by recent high-resolution observations of Title et al. at the Swedish Solar Observatory in La Palma. They observed that the inclination angle of the magnetic field in the penumbra of sunspots oscillates rapidly with azimuth, with a period of about 60 and an amplitude of about 18°. They further find that there is little variation in the radial direction and in absolute field strength. The resulting phenomenon of interlocking high- and low-inclination field lines was called "flutedness. In our model, the parameters are chosen to reproduce the La Palma magnetograms, and an analytical expression is obtained for the three-dimensional magnetic field emanating from the sunspot's umbra and penumbra. The model correctly reproduces the azimuthal variation in inclination angle, as well as the mean constancy of the magnetic field strength, and the appearance of a highly corrugated neutral line on the limb side of off-center sunspots. We find that the "flutedness" results in a highly complex topology in a boundary layer extending from the photo sphere into the chromosphere, while the coronal field is uniform. Title et al. demonstrated that the Evershed flow occurs in regions of nearly horizontal magnetic field, and tacitly assumed, as is done in most of the literature, that the dark filaments in which the flow is observed form individual magnetic flux tubes. Our magnetic field solution suggests that the regions of nearly horizontal field at the photo spheric boundary may not form individual magnetic flux tubes, but rather a series of short horizontal loops bridging a neutral line that is stretched in the radial direction along the penumbra, up to the outer penumbral boundary. Hence, the Evershed flow could not be a simple siphon flow in the radial direction, but would consist of phase-coordinated flows along the many short loops bridging the

  14. Silicon Isotope Geochemistry of Ocean Island Basalts: Mantle Heterogeneities and Contribution of Recycled Oceanic Crust and Lithosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pringle, E. A.; Moynier, F.; Savage, P. S.; Jackson, M. G.; Moreira, M. A.; Day, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    The study of Silicon (Si) isotopes in Ocean Island Basalts (OIB) has the potential to elucidate between possible heterogeneities in the mantle. Relatively large (~several per mil per atomic mass unit) Si isotope fractionation occurs in low-temperature environments during biochemical and geochemical precipitation of dissolved Si, where the precipitate is preferentially enriched in the lighter isotopes [1]. In contrast, only a limited range (~tenths of a per mil) of Si isotope fractionation has been observed in high-temperature igneous processes [2]. Therefore, Si isotopes may be useful as tracers for the presence of crustal material (derived from low-temperature surface processes) in OIB source regions in a manner similar to more conventional stable isotope systems, such as O. Here we present the first comprehensive set of high-precision Si isotope data obtained by MC-ICP-MS for a diverse suite of OIBs, including new data for the Canary Islands. Samples represent the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean basins and include representative end-members for the EM-1, EM-2, and HIMU mantle components. Average δ30Si values for OIBs representing the EM-1 (-0.32 ± 0.06‰, 2 sd), EM-2 (-0.30 ± 0.01‰, 2 sd), and HIMU (-0.34 ± 0.09‰, 2 sd) mantle components are all in general agreement with previous estimates for the δ30Si value of Bulk Silicate Earth [3]. However, small systematic variations are present; HIMU (Mangaia, Cape Verde, La Palma) and Iceland OIBs are enriched in the lighter isotopes of Si (δ30Si values lower than MORB). Further, the difference in Si isotope composition between La Palma and El Heirro (Canary Islands) has previously been observed for O isotopes [4], suggesting a relationship between the Si and O isotope mantle systematics. The Si isotope variations among OIBs may be explained by the sampling of a primitive mantle reservoir enriched in the light isotopes of Si, as suggested by [5], but most likely reflects the incorporation of recycled

  15. Surface abundances of ON stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martins, F.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Palacios, A.; Howarth, I.; Georgy, C.; Walborn, N. R.; Bouret, J.-C.; Barbá, R.

    2015-06-01

    Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; 5) the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.orgThe reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/578/A109

  16. Multiwavelength optical observations of chromospherically active binary systems. IV. The X-ray/EUV selected binary BK Psc (2RE J0039+103)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gálvez, M. C.; Montes, D.; Fernández-Figueroa, M. J.; López-Santiago, J.; De Castro, E.; Cornide, M.

    2002-07-01

    Astronomy, Heidelberg, jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy, with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT), operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, and with the Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  17. Seasonal and Solar Activity Variations of f3 Layer and StF-4 F-Layer Quadruple Stratification) Near the Equatorial Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tardelli, A.; Fagundes, P. R.; Pezzopane, M.; Kavutarapu, V.

    2016-12-01

    The ionospheric F-layer shape and electron density peak variations depend on local time, latitude, longitude, season, solar cycle, geomagnetic activity, and electrodynamic conditions. In particular, the equatorial and low latitude F-layer may change its shape and peak height in a few minutes due to electric fields induced by propagation of medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) or thermospheric - ionospheric coupling. This F-layer electrodynamics feature characterizing the low latitudes is one of the most remarkable ionospheric physics research field. The study of multiple-stratification of the F-layer has the initial records in the mid of the 20th century. Since then, many studies were focused on F3 layer. The diurnal, seasonal and solar activity variations of the F3 layer characteristics have been investigated by several researchers. Recently, investigations on multiple-stratifications of F-layer received an important boost after the quadruple stratification (StF-4) was observed at Palmas (10.3°S, 48.3°W; dip latitude 5.5°S - near equatorial region), Brazil (Tardelli & Fagundes, JGR, 2015). This study present the latest findings related with the seasonal and solar activity characteristics of the F3 layer and StF-4 near the equatorial region during the period from 2002 to 2006. A significant connection between StF-4 and F3 layer has been noticed, since the StF-4 is always preceded and followed by an F3 layer appearance. However, the F3 layer and StF-4 present different seasonal and solar cycle variations. At a near equatorial station Palmas, the F3 layer shows the maximum and minimum occurrence during summer and winter seasons respectively. On the contrary, the StF-4 presents the maximum and minimum occurrence during winter and summer seasons respectively. While the F3 layer occurrence is not affected by solar cycle, the StF-4 appearance is instead more frequent during High Solar Activity (HSA).

  18. Latest MAGIC discoveries pushing redshift boundaries in VHE Astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manganaro, M.; Becerra, J.; Nievas, M.; Sitarek, J.; Tavecchio, F.; Buson, S.; Dominis, D.; Domínguez, A.; Lindfors, E.; Mazin, D.; Moralejo, A.; Stamerra, A.; Vovk, Ie; MAGIC Collaboration; FERMI Collaboration

    2016-05-01

    The search for detection of γ-rays from distant AGNs by Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) is challenging at high redshifts, not only because of lower flux due to the distance of the source, but also due to the consequent absorption of γ-rays by the extragalactic background light (EBL). Before the MAGIC discoveries reported in this work, the farthest source ever detected in the VHE domain was the blazar PKS 1424+240, at z > 0.6. MAGIC, a system of two 17 m of diameter IACTs located in the Canary island of La Palma, has been able to go beyond that limit and push the boundaries for VHE detection to redshifts z ~ 1. The two sources detected and analyzed, the blazar QSO B0218+357 and the FSRQ PKS 1441+25 are located at redshift z = 0.944 and z = 0.939 respectively. QSO B0218+357 is also the first gravitational lensed blazar ever detected in VHE. The activity, triggered by Fermi-LAT in high energy γ-rays, was followed up by other instruments, such as the KVA telescope in the optical band and the Swift-XRT in X-rays. In the present work we show results on MAGIC analysis on QSO B0218+357 and PKS 1441+25 together with multiwavelength lightcurves. The collected dataset allowed us to test for the first time the present generation of EBL models at such distances.

  19. A dispersive liquid-liquid micellar microextraction for the determination of pharmaceutical compounds in wastewaters using ultra-high-performace liquid chromatography with DAD detection.

    PubMed

    Montesdeoca-Esponda, Sarah; Mahugo-Santana, Cristina; Sosa-Ferrera, Zoraida; Santana-Rodríguez, José Juan

    2015-03-01

    A dispersive liquid-liquid micellar microextraction (DLLMME) method coupled with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) using Diode Array Detector (DAD) detector was developed for the analysis of five pharmaceutical compounds of different nature in wastewaters. A micellar solution of a surfactant, polidocanol, as extraction solvent (100 μL) and chloroform as dispersive solvent (200 μL) were used to extract and preconcentrate the target analytes. Samples were heated above critical temperature and the cloudy solution was centrifuged. After removing the chloroform, the reduced volume of surfactant was then injected in the UHPLC system. In order to obtain high extraction efficiency, the parameters affecting the liquid-phase microextraction, such as time and temperature extraction, ionic strength and surfactant and organic solvent volume, were optimized using an experimental design. Under the optimized conditions, this procedure allows enrichment factors of up to 47-fold. The detection limit of the method ranged from 0.1 to 2.0 µg/L for the different pharmaceuticals. Relative standard deviations were <26% for all compounds. The procedure was applied to samples from final effluent collected from wastewater treatment plants in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain), and two compounds were measured at 67 and 113 µg/L in one of them.

  20. Vulnerability and Productivity Impacts of Farm-Level Interventions in the Brazilian Sertão

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burney, J. A.

    2014-12-01

    The Brazilian Sertão exemplifies the complex dynamics between climate, land use, agricultural production, and food security presently playing out across the world's semi-arid tropics. Regional climate change in the past half-century is some of the most dramatic in the world -- +2 degrees average warming in many districts and -300mm rainfall. Crop yields have improved weakly or remained stagnant, in stark contrast with the rest of Brazil. As a result many smallholder farmers have increasingly turned to milk production, but they remain dependent on rainfall for forage growth. During droughts they thus face a choice between overgrazing and letting their cattle die. As a result, deforestation of the native Caatinga biome has been rampant, with estimates of 85% loss. We present the results of controlled tests, conducted with over one hundred farmers, of several on-farm interventions meant to boost on-farm productivity, reduce vulnerability to rainfall shocks, and lessen the incentives for deforestation. These interventions -- water cisterns, smallholder irrigation systems, balancing of animal feed ratios, and cultivation and use of palma forrageira as cattle feed -- are described and presented with results of their impact on productivity and vulnerability/resilience metrics. Estimates of larger-scale social benefits and future land-use change impacts are also discussed.