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Sample records for palmer lord soulsby

  1. Captain Lord's uremia.

    PubMed

    Wyner, Lawrence Michael

    2013-06-01

    The hundredth anniversary of the worst ever civilian maritime disaster was also the fiftieth anniversary of the death of arguably its most controversial character, Captain Stanley Lord, skipper of the Californian, a "tramp" steamer that became entrapped in ice just off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland on April 14, 1912. Although Lord was faulted in two widely publicized inquiries for failing to respond to Titanic's distress signals, there may have actually been a medical reason for his behavior because he suffered from chronic renal disease and most likely had some secondary cognitive impairment due to this disease. An assessment of Lord's health history shows that he fractured his leg as a young man; suffered from poor eyesight, which led to his premature retirement from the sea by the age of 50; and eventually died from renal failure. Furthermore, his death certificate alludes to previous uremic episodes, perhaps encompassing the time period of the Titanic accident. Lord may have been under some pressure not to reveal his infirmity because doing so could have further jeopardized his career. The literature abounds with evidence that renal insufficiency negatively affects cognition, often years before progression to end-stage renal disease. Captain Lord's failure to act in a crisis situation may serve as a case in point.

  2. The Lord of Uraniborg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thoren, Victor E.

    1991-04-01

    The Lord of Uraniborg is a comprehensive biography of Tycho Brahe, father of modern astronomy, famed alchemist, and litterateur of the sixteenth-century Danish Renaissance. Written in a lively and engaging style, Victor Thoren's biography offers fresh perspectives on Tycho's life and presents new analyses of virtually every aspect of his scientific work. A range of readers interested in astronomy, history of astronomy, and the history of science will find this book fascinating.

  3. Joseph Conrad's "Lord Jim": Reconsiderations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Haj, Ali Albashir Mohammed

    2014-01-01

    The present study aims at reconsidering critically Joseph Conrad's "Lord Jim." Joseph Conrad is a great master of English prose who writes normally of the sea, of the Eastern islands, of the English character as seen against a background of the exotic or faced with difficulties. The power of Conrad's feelings for Jim, as well as the…

  4. Lord Kelvin's atmospheric electricity measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aplin, Karen; Harrison, R. Giles; Trainer, Matthew; Hough, James

    2013-04-01

    Lord Kelvin (William Thomson), one of the greatest Victorian scientists, made a substantial but little-recognised contribution to geophysics through his work on atmospheric electricity. He developed sensitive instrumentation for measuring the atmospheric electric field, including invention of a portable electrometer, which made mobile measurements possible for the first time. Kelvin's measurements of the atmospheric electric field in 1859, made during development of the portable electrometer, can be used to deduce the substantial levels of particulate pollution blown over the Scottish island of Arran from the industrial mainland. Kelvin was also testing the electrometer during the largest solar flare ever recorded, the "Carrington event" in the late summer of 1859. Subsequently, Lord Kelvin also developed a water dropper sensor, and employed photographic techniques for "incessant recording" of the atmospheric electric field, which led to the long series of measurements recorded at UK observatories for the remainder of the 19th and much of the 20th century. These data sets have been valuable in both studies of historical pollution and cosmic ray effects on atmospheric processes.

  5. Palmer amaranth competition for water in cotton

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth is a troublesome weed in cotton production. Yield losses of 65% have been reported due to season-long Palmer amaranth competition with cotton. To determine if water is a factor in this system, experiments were conducted in 2011, 2012, and 2013 in Citra, FL and in Tifton, GA. In 2011,...

  6. House of Lords debates assisted dying (again).

    PubMed

    2003-07-01

    Lord Joffe's Patient (Assisted Dying) Bill (see Bulletin 187) had its Second Reading on 6 June. The debate was lively, informed and inevitably somewhat polarised. However, some common themes emerged and are outlined below.

  7. Lord Kelvin's atmospheric electricity measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aplin, K. L.; Harrison, R. G.

    2013-09-01

    Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) made important contributions to the study of atmospheric electricity during a brief but productive period from 1859-1861. By 1859 Kelvin had recognised the need for "incessant recording" of atmospheric electrical parameters, and responded by inventing both the water dropper equaliser for measuring the atmospheric potential gradient (PG), and photographic data logging. The water dropper equaliser was widely adopted internationally and is still in use today. Following theoretical considerations of electric field distortion by local topography, Kelvin developed a portable electrometer, using it to investigate the PG on the Scottish island of Arran. During these environmental measurements, Kelvin may have unwittingly detected atmospheric PG changes during solar activity in August/September 1859 associated with the "Carrington event", which is interesting in the context of his later statements that solar magnetic influence on the Earth was impossible. Kelvin's atmospheric electricity work presents an early representative study in quantitative environmental physics, through the application of mathematical principles to an environmental problem, the design and construction of bespoke instrumentation for real world measurements and recognising the limitations of the original theoretical view revealed by experimental work.

  8. Cotton yeild loss potential in response to length of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmer.) interference

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Field studies were conducted near Ideal, GA in 2006 and 2007 to determine the influence of simulated delayed emergence of Palmer amaranth at several densities on cotton yield and weed growth. Five densities of Palmer amaranth (ranging from 0 to 10 plants row-1) were transplanted at four time interv...

  9. A brief history of Lord Rutherford's radium.

    PubMed

    Todd, Neil

    2014-09-20

    In this paper I give a brief summary of what is known about the acquisition, use and fate of the radium sources that were in the possession of Lord Rutherford during his lifetime. The account is written in two parts, corresponding to the periods from the discovery of radium in 1898 until his death in 1937 and then from 1937 until recent times. The history of Rutherford's radium closely shadows the history of radioactivity, the evolution of nuclear physics, the race for the bomb, and the development of the nuclear industry.

  10. A brief history of Lord Rutherford's radium

    PubMed Central

    Todd, Neil

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I give a brief summary of what is known about the acquisition, use and fate of the radium sources that were in the possession of Lord Rutherford during his lifetime. The account is written in two parts, corresponding to the periods from the discovery of radium in 1898 until his death in 1937 and then from 1937 until recent times. The history of Rutherford's radium closely shadows the history of radioactivity, the evolution of nuclear physics, the race for the bomb, and the development of the nuclear industry. PMID:25254280

  11. Palmer Amaranth Identification and Documentation of Herbicide Resistance in Argentina

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth (Amaranthuspalmeri S. Wats.) has greatly disrupted agricultural practices in the US with its rapid growth and rapid evolution of herbicide resistance. This weed species is now suspected in Argentina. To document whether the suspected plant populations are indeed Palmer amaranth, mo...

  12. Reductions in Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) seed viability over time

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth plants are likely emerging from relatively shallow depths within the soil profile. Deep tillage event should bury Palmer amaranth seeds to depths below their optimal emergence. Success of this proposed strategy for reducing weed population depends upon seed dormancy and longevity in...

  13. View of Palmer Cove Railroad Bridge and southeastern shoreline of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of Palmer Cove Railroad Bridge and southeastern shoreline of Haley Farm, facing northwest from the eastern approach of the railroad bridge - Haley Farm, Brook Street, Groton, New London County, CT

  14. Thinking through Writing. Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord Fairfax Community Coll., Middletown, VA.

    In an attempt to improve its students' writing abilities, as well as their critical thinking skills, Lord Fairfax Community College, in Virginia, developed a program called "Thinking through Writing." The project designers believed that concept formation, classification, memory enhancement, and other learning/thinking skills could be…

  15. On Symbolic Significance of Characters in "Lord of the Flies"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Xiaofang; Wu, Weihua

    2009-01-01

    The characters in "Lord of the Flies" possess recognizable symbolic significance, which make them as the sort of people around us. Ralph stands for civilization and democracy; Piggy represents intellect and rationalism; Jack signifies savagery and dictatorship; Simon is the incarnation of goodness and saintliness. All of these…

  16. Golding's "Lord of the Flies": An Alternate Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purvin, George

    1980-01-01

    Suggests that the usual interpretation of "The Lord of the Flies"--that human nature is inherently evil--may not be the best interpretation. Indicates that the behavior of the book's characters may reflect the child rearing and early education experienced by upper class English boys in the 1930s. (TJ)

  17. Lord Northcliffe: Trans-Atlantic Influences. Journalism Monographs Number 40.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Robert N.

    This monograph examines the extent to which Lord Northcliffe, generally conceded to be the dominant force in the popularization of journalism in Britain and what was once the British Empire, influenced or was influenced by American developments in journalism. The first section, entitled "The Legacy," briefly reviews the popular press in…

  18. Lord Brouncker's Forgotten Sequence of Continued Fractions for Pi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osler, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    "Lord Brouncker's continued fraction for pi" is a well-known result. In this article, we show that Brouncker found not only this one continued fraction, but an entire infinite sequence of related continued fractions for pi. These were recorded in the "Arithmetica Infinitorum" by John Wallis, but appear to have been ignored and forgotten by modern…

  19. A Reassessment of R. R. Palmer's "The Age of Democratic Revolution."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Marvin

    1991-01-01

    Compares Robert Palmer's interpretation of the French Revolution with the Marxist and revisionist views. Stresses Palmer's theory that the French Revolution belongs to the same spiritual family as the American. Reports that Palmer saw the French Revolution as the climactic event in a series of similar upheavals that integrated liberal democracy…

  20. Movement of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth pollen in-field

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) is one of the most troublesome weeds of Southern row crops. The objective of this study was to determine if the glyphosate resistance trait could be transferred via pollen in Palmer amaranth. In 2006, a GR Palmer amaranth pollen source population was planted in t...

  1. Alice Freeman Palmer: The Evolution of a New Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordin, Ruth

    This book presents a biographical account of the life of Alice Freeman Palmer (1855-1902) who is credited with expanding academic horizons for women in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It tells of the obstacles she confronted as she chose both marriage and a professional career as well as illuminates this…

  2. Teaching with Documents: The Red Scare and A. Mitchell Palmer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Jean; Burroughs, Wynell

    1987-01-01

    Reviews the political conditions surrounding the Red Scare following World War I. Features a June, 1920 letter from a prominent newspaper editor which supported Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer's anti-Communist policies. Includes teaching suggestions along with a two-page reprint of the original letter. (JDH)

  3. Effect of compensatory growth on Palmer amaranth response to glyphosate.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Incomplete weed control can occur after herbicide applications. Death of one or many shoot meristems could remove apical dominance, leading to compensatory growth from once dormant lateral buds. Palmer amaranth (PA) dieback and regrowth in response to POST herbicides has been observed. The objective...

  4. Glyphosate resistance does not affect Palmer amaranth seedbank longevity

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A greater understanding of the factors that regulate weed seed return to and persistence in the soil seedbank is needed for the management of difficult to control herbicide resistant weeds. Studies were conducted in Tifton, GA to evaluate the longevity of buried Palmer amaranth seeds and estimate t...

  5. Cross and Multiple Herbicide Resistance in Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Resistance of Palmer amaranth (PA) to ALS inhibitor herbicides was discovered in Georgia in 2000 and resistance to glyphosate was in 2005. A study was conducted to evaluate two different families of ALS herbicides, imazapic (imidazolinone) and diclosulam (sulfonanilides) for absorption and mobility ...

  6. Rosse, 3rd Earl of [William Parsons, Lord Rosse, Lord Oxmantown] (1800-67) and Rosse, 4th Earl of [Laurence Parsons, Lord Rosse, Lord Oxmantown] (1840-1908)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Irish astronomer and landowner, the 3rd Lord Rosse was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and Oxford as a mathematician. He became interested in astronomy and made at the family castle in Birr a 36 in reflector with the same design as William Herschel's (see HERSCEL FAMILY). Mapped the Moon, and observed nebulae with the intent to resolve them into stars. He developed the technology at Birr Cast...

  7. Lord Brouncker's forgotten sequence of continued fractions for pi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osler, Thomas J.

    2010-01-01

    'Lord Brouncker's continued fraction for π' is a well-known result. In this article, we show that Brouncker found not only this one continued fraction, but an entire infinite sequence of related continued fractions for π. These were recorded in the Arithmetica Infinitorum by John Wallis, but appear to have been ignored and forgotten by modern mathematicians. We identify these continued fractions and give a modern derivation.

  8. The Palmer Drought Severity Index: limitations and assumptions.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Alley, W.M.

    1984-01-01

    The structure of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), which is perhaps the most widely used regional index of drought, is examined. The PDSI addresses two of the most elusive properties of droughts: their intensity and their beginning and ending times. Under certain conditions, the PDSI values are very sensitive to the criteria for ending an 'established' drought and precipitation during a month can have a very large effect on the PDSI values for several previous months. -from Author

  9. The Era of Newton, Herschel and Lord Rosse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennett, Jim

    2009-08-01

    In the eighteenth century England was dominant in building telescopes and instrumentation. This paper describes the contributions of the most important opticians and telescope builders, from Newton’s Opticks and the telescope design that bears his name, through various instrument makers who constructed ‘popular’ telescopes and published descriptions of mirror grinding (Smith, the Dollonds and their patent on achromatic lenses), to Herschel, who refined the description of his polishing procedures, and Lord Rosse, who attempted to communicate his through publication. The narrative of theory, practice and communication takes unexpected turns.

  10. Anger among Allies: Audre Lorde's 1981 Keynote Admonishing the National Women's Studies Association

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lester C.

    2011-01-01

    This essay argues that Audre Lorde's 1981 keynote speech, "The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism," has much to contribute to communication scholars' understanding of human biases and rhetorical artistry. The significance of Lorde's subject is one reason for devoting critical attention to her speech, because, in contemporary public life in…

  11. The Lord Kelvin Project: Middle School Science for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foti, Sebastian; Ledbetter, Ric; Taylor, Fred; Al-Kazemi, Ebraheem

    This paper introduces and reports upon lessons learned during the development phase of the Lord Kelvin Middle School Science Program. For the past two years, a set of tools to help middle school students learn science in a way that uses the full power of today's technology has been under development. Lord Kelvin is a robust collection of science…

  12. A Comparison of Lord's Chi Square and Raju's Area Measures in Detection of DIF.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Allan S.; Kim, Seock-Ho

    1993-01-01

    The effectiveness of two statistical tests of the area between item response functions (exact signed area and exact unsigned area) estimated in different samples, a measure of differential item functioning (DIF), was compared with Lord's chi square. Lord's chi square was found the most effective in determining DIF. (SLD)

  13. Decolonizing Imaginaries: Rethinking "the People" in the Young Lords' Church Offensive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enck-Wanzer, Darrel

    2012-01-01

    This essay is an attempt to come to terms with the Young Lords' popular liberation rhetoric in the church offensive. Building from Michael Calvin McGee's observation that ""the people" are more process than phenomenon," I explore the ways in which the Young Lords' craft "the people's repertory of convictions" from…

  14. Lord Byron's physician: John William Polidori on somnambulism.

    PubMed

    Finger, Stanley; Stiles, Anne

    2013-01-01

    John William Polidori (1795-1821) was the Edinburgh-trained physician hired by Lord Byron to accompany him to Switzerland, where he participated in the story-telling event proposed by Byron that led, with Polidori's help, to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. Although those interested in English literature might also remember Polidori as the author of The Vampyre, one of the first extended works of fiction about vampires, his earlier interest in somnambulism and trance states is only beginning to be appreciated. Even more than students of Romantic literature, historians of science and medicine seem little aware of what Polidori had written about oneirodynia, a synonym for somnambulism, and how his thoughts from 1815 about such activities reflected the changing medical zeitgeist at this time. This chapter examines Polidori's medical thesis in a neuroscience context and compares what he wrote to the writings of several other physicians who were fascinated by nocturnal wanderings, their causes, their manifestations, and their possible treatments.

  15. Factors affecting potential for Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) suppression by winter rye in Georgia, USA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth has rapidly become a dominant weed management issue in agronomic crops of the Southeast U. S. The small size of Palmer amaranth seeds, relative to other common weeds, provides an opportunity to use physical weed control through high-biomass, rolled cover crop mul...

  16. Response to Anthony J. Palmer, "A Philosophical View of the General Education Core"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuler, Nico

    2004-01-01

    Anthony J. Palmer's paper continues an absolutely necessary discussion on the general education core curriculum for American undergraduate students. Initially, Palmer summarized the global conditions with which we are presently confronted. This discussion led him to the reexamination of the general education core at the undergraduate level. The…

  17. Palmer amaranth seed mortality in response to burial depth and time

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate resistant Palmer amaranth infests millions of arable acres in the SE US. One proposed method of reducing population numbers is to bury surface seeds deeply, below their optimal emergence zone. The objective of this study was to determine how burial longevity and depth impact Palmer amaran...

  18. Pollen Grain Size, Density, and Settling Velocity for Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth has known resistance to several herbicides, including glyphosate, and there is concern that the resistance traits are being transferred between spatially segregated populations via pollen movement. The objective of this study was to describe the physical properties of Palmer amarant...

  19. Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) morphology, growth, and seed production in Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth has become the most economically detrimental weed of cotton in the Southeast US. With the continual marginalization of potential herbicide tools, research has expanded to include alternative means of affecting future Palmer amaranth populations by altering safe s...

  20. Genomic stability of Palmer amaranth plants derived by macro-vegetative propagation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Q-PCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) were utilized to investigate genetic stability of Palmer amaranth cloned plants over 10 generations. Q-PCR analysis of DNA from parent Palmer amaranth plants was repeated and confidence levels for determining ...

  1. Glysphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) morphology,growth, and seed production in Georgia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth has become the most economically detrimental weed of cotton in the Southeast US. With the continual marginalization of potential herbicide tools, research has expanded to include alternative means of affecting future Palmer amaranth populations by altering safe s...

  2. Reconceptualizing the Archetypal Trickster in Audre Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

    PubMed

    Saber, Yomna

    2015-01-01

    Carl Jung categorizes the trickster as a psychological archetype and sets certain parameters for it. This article examines Audre Lorde's trickster Afrekete in Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982) and poses the question of how typically archetypal a Black, female, lesbian trickster can be. Lorde occupies an idiosyncratic position in the canon in terms of race, gender, and sexual orientation. She bestows new qualities on her trickster coming from the peripheries she dwells in and challenges the Jungian model. Through Afrekete's linguistic dexterity and sexual identity, Lorde transforms the trickster from being seemingly innocuous into a figure of resistance grounded in lesbian erotica.

  3. One legacy of Lord Briggs is the value placed on nurse research.

    PubMed

    Adams, John

    2016-03-23

    The announcement of the death of Asa Briggs - Lord Briggs of Lewes - on March 15 brings to mind the debt the nursing profession owes his wise stewardship of a committee that examined aspects of the profession.

  4. Multiple-Herbicide Resistance Is Widespread in Roadside Palmer Amaranth Populations

    PubMed Central

    Bagavathiannan, Muthukumar V.; Norsworthy, Jason K.

    2016-01-01

    Herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth is a widespread issue in row-crop production in the Midsouthern US. Palmer amaranth is commonly found on roadside habitats in this region, but little is known on the degree of herbicide resistance in these populations. Herbicide resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations can represent the spread of an adaptive trait across a selective landscape. A large-scale survey was carried out in the Mississippi Delta region of eastern Arkansas to document the level of resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations to pyrithiobac and glyphosate, two important herbicides with broad history of use in the region. A total of 215 Palmer amaranth populations collected across 500 random survey sites were used in the evaluations. About 89 and 73% of the surveyed populations showed >90% survival to pyrithiobac and glyphosate, respectively. Further, only 3% of the populations were completely susceptible to glyphosate, while none of the populations was completely controlled by pyrithiobac. Among the 215 populations evaluated, 209 populations showed multiple resistance to both pyrithiobac and glyphosate at varying degrees. Dose-response assays confirmed the presence of high levels of herbicide resistance in the five selected populations (≥ 25-fold compared to a susceptible standard). Results demonstrate the prevalence of multiple-herbicide resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations in this region. Growers should be vigilant of Palmer amaranth infestation in roadsides adjacent to their fields and implement appropriate control measures to prevent likely spread of herbicide resistance into their fields. PMID:27071064

  5. Multiple-Herbicide Resistance Is Widespread in Roadside Palmer Amaranth Populations.

    PubMed

    Bagavathiannan, Muthukumar V; Norsworthy, Jason K

    2016-01-01

    Herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth is a widespread issue in row-crop production in the Midsouthern US. Palmer amaranth is commonly found on roadside habitats in this region, but little is known on the degree of herbicide resistance in these populations. Herbicide resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations can represent the spread of an adaptive trait across a selective landscape. A large-scale survey was carried out in the Mississippi Delta region of eastern Arkansas to document the level of resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations to pyrithiobac and glyphosate, two important herbicides with broad history of use in the region. A total of 215 Palmer amaranth populations collected across 500 random survey sites were used in the evaluations. About 89 and 73% of the surveyed populations showed >90% survival to pyrithiobac and glyphosate, respectively. Further, only 3% of the populations were completely susceptible to glyphosate, while none of the populations was completely controlled by pyrithiobac. Among the 215 populations evaluated, 209 populations showed multiple resistance to both pyrithiobac and glyphosate at varying degrees. Dose-response assays confirmed the presence of high levels of herbicide resistance in the five selected populations (≥ 25-fold compared to a susceptible standard). Results demonstrate the prevalence of multiple-herbicide resistance in roadside Palmer amaranth populations in this region. Growers should be vigilant of Palmer amaranth infestation in roadsides adjacent to their fields and implement appropriate control measures to prevent likely spread of herbicide resistance into their fields.

  6. Straight talk with... Carolyn Bertozzi. Interview by Roxanne Palmer.

    PubMed

    Bertozzi, Carolyn

    2010-07-01

    Last month, Carolyn Bertozzi became the first woman to win the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)-Lemelson Prize, a $500,000 award that honors midcareer inventors. Bertozzi, a chemical biologist, works to understand how sugars mediate cell-to-cell communication. But she isn't content with just observing the process; her lab at the University of California-Berkeley has pioneered tools for labeling molecules inside living cells. Her biomedical inventions have contributed to the development of noninvasive methods for identifying disease tissue within the body-advances that could revolutionize both the diagnosis and the treatment of a host of diseases ranging from arthritis to cancer. Roxanne Palmer recently caught up with her by phone to discuss Bertozzi's sweet success with cell surface sugars.

  7. Speciation with gene flow on Lord Howe Island

    PubMed Central

    Papadopulos, Alexander S. T.; Baker, William J.; Crayn, Darren; Butlin, Roger K.; Kynast, Ralf G.; Hutton, Ian; Savolainen, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    Understanding the processes underlying the origin of species is a fundamental goal of biology. It is widely accepted that speciation requires an interruption of gene flow between populations: ongoing gene exchange is considered a major hindrance to population divergence and, ultimately, to the evolution of new species. Where a geographic barrier to reproductive isolation is lacking, a biological mechanism for speciation is required to counterbalance the homogenizing effect of gene flow. Speciation with initially strong gene flow is thought to be extremely rare, and few convincing empirical examples have been published. However, using phylogenetic, karyological, and ecological data for the flora of a minute oceanic island (Lord Howe Island, LHI), we demonstrate that speciation with gene flow may, in fact, be frequent in some instances and could account for one in five of the endemic plant species of LHI. We present 11 potential instances of species divergence with gene flow, including an in situ radiation of five species of Coprosma (Rubiaceae, the coffee family). These results, together with the speciation of Howea palms on LHI, challenge current views on the origin of species diversity. PMID:21730151

  8. From cosmic chirality to protein structure: Lord Kelvin's legacy.

    PubMed

    Barron, Laurence D

    2012-11-01

    A selection of my work on chirality is sketched in two distinct parts of this lecture. Symmetry and Chirality explains how the discrete symmetries of parity P, time reversal T, and charge conjugation C may be used to characterize the properties of chiral systems. The concepts of true chirality (time-invariant enantiomorphism) and false chirality (time-noninvariant enantiomorphism) that emerge provide an extension of Lord Kelvin's original definition of chirality to situations where motion is an essential ingredient thereby clarifying, inter alia, the nature of physical influences able to induce absolute enantioselection. Consideration of symmetry violations reveals that strict enantiomers (exactly degenerate) are interconverted by the combined CP operation. Raman optical activity surveys work, from first observation to current applications, on a new chiroptical spectroscopy that measures vibrational optical activity via Raman scattering of circularly polarized light. Raman optical activity provides incisive information ranging from absolute configuration and complete solution structure of smaller chiral molecules and oligomers to protein and nucleic acid structure of intact viruses.

  9. Lord Rayleigh: John William Strutt, third Baron Rayleigh.

    PubMed

    Wells, Peter N T

    2007-03-01

    John William Strutt, first son of the second Baron Rayleigh, was born on November 12, 1842. He was a sickly boy, so his schooling was sporadic. Nevertheless, he graduated first in his year at Cambridge and subsequently was a Fellow of Trinity College until his marriage in 1871. His father died in 1873, and he succeeded to the title third Baron Rayleigh. He converted the stable block of his country house, Terling Place, into a laboratory. In 1879, he moved back to Cambridge as Professor of Experimental Physics, but he returned to Terling in 1884. He published The Theory of Sound in 1877/1878 and, in his lifetime, 466 scientific articles. He received the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of argon and made numerous seminal contributions to scientific progress. In the field of acoustics, he studied scattering, the diffraction limit, surface waves, resonance phenomena, reciprocity, streaming, radiation force, cavitation, relaxation, and binaural perception. He received many honors, was President of the Royal Society, one of the founding members of the Order of Merit, and Chancellor of Cambridge University. He also was interested in psychical research. Lord Rayleigh died on June 30, 1919.

  10. Near-Earth Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at CS3-Palmer Divide Station: 2016 October-December

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2017-04-01

    Lightcurves for 33 near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies-Palmer Divide Station (CS3-PDS) from 2016 October through December were analyzed for rotation period and signs of satellites or tumbling.

  11. Adaptive Thouless-Anderson-Palmer approach to inverse Ising problems with quenched random fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Haiping; Kabashima, Yoshiyuki

    2013-06-01

    The adaptive Thouless-Anderson-Palmer equation is derived for inverse Ising problems in the presence of quenched random fields. We test the proposed scheme on Sherrington-Kirkpatrick, Hopfield, and random orthogonal models and find that the adaptive Thouless-Anderson-Palmer approach allows accurate inference of quenched random fields whose distribution can be either Gaussian or bimodal. In particular, another competitive method for inferring external fields, namely, the naive mean field method with diagonal weights, is compared and discussed.

  12. Biogeography of the Lord Howe Rise region, Tasman Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Przeslawski, Rachel; Williams, Alan; Nichol, Scott L.; Hughes, Michael G.; Anderson, Tara J.; Althaus, Franziska

    2011-04-01

    The two principal aims of this study were to synthesise physical and biological information to characterise the Lord Howe Rise (LHR) region and to use recent survey collections of benthic invertebrates (mostly large benthic epifauna) to describe its biogeography at regional and sub-regional scales. The LHR region is large (1.95 million km 2), spans tropical and cool temperate latitudes (18.4 to 40.3°S), and is influenced by several ocean currents, notably the East Australian Current and the Tasman Front. Our analyses revealed that biological patterns were related to two groups of geomorphic morphotypes found in this topographically complex region: subdued bathymetric features (expansive soft sediment basins and plateaus) and raised bathymetric features (scattered seamounts, guyots, knolls, and pinnacles). Raised bathymetric features in the LHR region were more likely to support richer and more abundant epifaunal assemblages dominated by suspension feeding invertebrates on hard substrata compared to subdued features which were dominated by infauna and detritivores in soft sediments. However, this trend does not apply to all raised bathymetric features (e.g., Gifford Guyot), with variations in depth, elevation, latitude, and particularly substrata affected the composition of biological assemblages. In addition, some demersal fishes, ophiuroids, and other benthic invertebrates showed distinct north-south delineations that coincide with the influence of the Tasman Front and thermal gradients. While the lack of spatially- and temporally- replicated data in the region limits our interpretation of survey data, paleo-environmental processes and examples from other regions provide some indication of how dispersal influences migration, speciation, and endemism in the LHR region. Although our current knowledge is limited, it is hoped that this review will help inform future studies in the area, as equitable examination of biological, geological, and oceanographic

  13. Prospects for ultrahigh-energy particle observation based on the lunar orbital LORD space experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryabov, V. A.; Chechin, V. A.; Gusev, G. A.; Maung, K. T.

    2016-08-01

    The problem of searching for highest-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos in the Universe is reviewed. Possibilities for using the radio method for detecting particles of energies above the GZK cut-off are analyzed. The method is based on the registration of coherent radio emission produced by cascades of most energetic particles in radio-transparent lunar regolith. The Luna-Resurs Orbiter space mission to be launched in the near future (2020) involves the Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD). The design of the LORD space instrument and its scientific potentialities for registration of low-intense cosmic ray particle fluxes of energies above the GZK cut-off up to 1024eV are discussed. The designed LORD module (including the antenna, amplification, and data-acquisition systems) now is under construction. Exposure and capabilities of the LORD space experiment for detection of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos have been compared with those for well-known current and proposed experiments. The LORD space experiment will make it possible to obtain important information on the highest-energy particles in the Universe, to verify modern models for the origin and the propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos.

  14. Relational operants: processes and implications: a response to Palmer's review of Relational Frame Theory.

    PubMed

    Hayes, Steven C; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

    2004-09-01

    Palmer has recently criticized Relational Frame Theory (RFT) on the grounds that it has developed data in search of a principle. In this reply, we show that he has done so by attacking fundamental concepts within behavior analysis itself, including the functional nature of an operant and contingencies of reinforcement as a behavioral process. His claim that RFT appeals to new behavioral principles to explain the development of relational operants is shown to be incorrect: As with any operant, RFT appeals to a history of contacted consistencies in contingencies across multiple ex-emplars to explain them. New principles only emerge later as a logically necessary extension of such operants if they exist--a view that Palmer failed to address or appreciate. Palmer's desire to see the use of methods other than matching-to-sample is proper but already largely satisfied in the empirical literature on RFT. We show Palmer's defense of Skinner's definition of verbal behavior to be illogical and unresponsive to the empirical challenge behavior analysis faces. Palmer's alternative common sense mediational associationistic account is another in more than a century of such accounts, all of which have failed empirically. At its root, Palmer's criticism is based on a mechanistic philosophy that is hostile to a traditional functional behavior analytic approach.

  15. Collaborative Care for Older Adults (COCOA), Palmer College of Chiropractic.

    PubMed

    Goertz, Christine; Lyons, Stacie Salsbury; Andresen, Andrew; Hondras, Maria; Jones, Mark; Killinger, Lisa Zaynab; Long, Cynthia; Lyons, Kevin; Mulhausen, Paul; Vining, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Integrative medicine (IM) is a subset of interprofessional health care that seeks to join the knowledge and practices of various allopathic and complementary and alternative medicine disciplines in an attempt to offer cost-effective and clinically significant healthcare options for persons with acute or chronic illnesses. Although touted as a means for improving health outcomes and patient satisfaction while possibly lowering costs, further scientific evidence regarding the utility of IM approaches to health services delivery is needed. Collaborative Care for Older Adults (COCOA) is a chiropractic demonstration project that brings together an interdisciplinary team of researchers and clinicians from the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Genesis Quad Cities Family Practice Residency, The University of Iowa, and Thomas Jefferson University to study the impact of a model of interprofessional education on geriatric health care. The Health Resources and Services Administration funded COCOA in 2009 to further develop and assess a patient-centered care model for the treatment of low back pain in older adults that uses a team-based approach between medical doctors and doctors of chiropractic.

  16. Robustness of Lord's Formulas for Item Difficulty and Discrimination Conversions between Classical and Item Response Theory Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawber, Teresa; Rogers, W. Todd; Carbonaro, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Lord (1980) proposed formulas that provide direct relationships between IRT discrimination and difficulty parameters and conventional item statistics. The purpose of the present study was to determine the robustness of the formulas beyond the initial and restrictive conditions identified by Lord. Simulation and real achievement data were employed.…

  17. The M51 mystery: Lord Rosse, Robinson, South and the discovery of spiral structure in 1845

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinicke, Wolfgang

    2012-03-01

    In April 1845 Lord Rosse discovered the spiral structure of M51 with his 72-inch reflector at Birr Castle. Already in March the new telescope had been pointed at the object in Canes Venatici, later nicknamed the 'Whirlpool Nebula'. Two experienced astronomers were present: Sir James South and the Reverend Thomas Romney Robin-son. The problem is that there is no record that they noticed the spiral structure, even though it was immediately seen by Lord Rosse the next month. The solution presented here is based on evidentiary facts, highlighting the nineteenth century astronomical praxis. Focal points are bias, fantasy and a sometimes fatal conspiracy of eye and brain.

  18. Subglacial morphology and glacial evolution of the Palmer deep outlet system, Antarctic Peninsula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Domack, Eugene; Amblàs, David; Gilbert, Robert; Brachfeld, Stefanie; Camerlenghi, Angelo; Rebesco, Michele; Canals, Miquel; Urgeles, Roger

    2006-04-01

    The Palmer Deep is an erosional, inner-shelf trough located at the convergence of ice flow from three distinct accumulation centers. It served as a funnel for ice flow out across the continental shelf of the Antarctic Peninsula. Swath mapping of 1440 km 2 of seafloor in and adjacent to the Palmer Deep basin defines a large paleo-ice stream that flowed 230 km across the Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf during the Last Glacial Maximum (MIS-2). The unique perspective and detail of the Palmer Deep physiography allow us to recognize several phases of erosion and deposition in the outlet basin. These events are uniquely constrained by two ODP drill cores (sites 1099 and 1098) that together recovered over 150 m of latest Pleistocene and Holocene sediment. We divide this region of the continental shelf into three zones based upon mega- to meso-scale bathymetric features and emphasize that all three were part of one glacial outlet during the most recent period of glaciation. These zones include from inner shelf to outer shelf: the Palmer Deep basin, the Palmer Deep Outlet Sill and the Hugo Island Trough. Specific seafloor features associated with these zones include: relict terraces, sub-glacial lake deltas, channels and levees, debris slopes, spindle and out bed forms, mega-scale glacial lineations, morainal banks, and bank breach points. The origin of many of these features can be linked to the development of a sub-glacial lake basin within the Palmer Deep during or prior to MIS-2, its subsequent drainage, and recession of the Palmer Deep ice stream system. This sub-glacial lake system is reconstructed at the head of a major paleo-ice stream.

  19. Two-Stage Equating in Differential Item Functioning Detection under the Graded Response Model with the Raju Area Measures and the Lord Statistic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hidalgo-Montesinos, Maria Dolores; Lopez-Pina, Jose Antonio

    2002-01-01

    Examined the effect of test purification in detecting differential item functioning (DIF) by means of polytomous extensions of the Raju area measures (N. Raju, 1990) and the Lord statistic (F. Lord, 1980). Simulation results suggest the necessity of using a two-stage equating purification process with the Raju exact measures and the Lord statistic…

  20. More White Supremacy? "The Lord of the Rings" as Pro-American Imperialism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knaus, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    "The Lord of the Rings" continues Hollywood's recurrent theme of good triumphing over evil. The viewer is supposed to identify with the heroes, whiteness, and goodness, which of course triumphs over evil and blackness. Although the cast is made up almost entirely of White people, people also do not question this narrative of White supremacy. To…

  1. The Consciousness of Surrender and the Surrendered Consciousness: Ecstatic Dreams of Lord Krishna

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Graham

    2004-01-01

    This article is based on research at Bhaktivedanta Manor, the main UK centre of the Hare Krishna movement, and it examines ecstatic dreams of Lord Krishna which devotees at the Manor claim to experience. With a focus on one key informant's account of such dreams, the article explores the role the dreams play in spiritual and devotional life.…

  2. Lord of a Brave New Cuckoo's Nest: Implications for Supervisory Authority.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimmett, Peter

    1981-01-01

    The contradiction in instructional supervisors' roles between helping and rating teachers raises questions about the nature of supervisory authority. Three novels--Golding's "Lord of the Flies," Huxley's "Brave New World," and Kesey's "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"--illustrate the general problem of combining…

  3. Music, Myth, and Education: The Case of "The Lord of the Rings" Film Trilogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorgensen, Estelle R.

    2010-01-01

    In probing the interrelationship of myth, meaning, and education, the author offers a case in point, notably, Peter Jackson's film adaptations and Howard Shore's musical scores for J. R. R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings trilogy"--"The Fellowship of the Ring," "The Two Towers," and "The Return of the King." Intersecting literature, film, and…

  4. Edmund Burke's "Letter to a Noble Lord": A Textual Study in Political Philosophy and Rhetorical Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Stephen H.

    1988-01-01

    Analyzes Edmund Burke's "Letter to a Noble Lord," noting that it not only reflects Burke's character, but also represents a significant example of the public letter as a rhetorical form and illustrates Burke's concern for the alignment of principle with public action. (MM)

  5. High School Decision-Making at Henry Lord Middle School in Fall River

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bronhard, Aimee A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how students at Henry Lord Middle School in Fall River take into consideration their initial college and career aspirations when making their decision for high school. Self-efficacy theory, critical theory, and a literature review related to high school decision-making inform the analysis of…

  6. Understanding "Lord of the Flies": A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, Kirstin

    A seemingly simple tale of schoolboys marooned on an island, the novel "Lord of the Flies" is an enigmatic and provocative piece of literature. This casebook probes the many layers of meaning in the novel, examining its literary, philosophical, historical, scientific, and religious significance. The casebook integrates analysis and…

  7. The "Lord of the Rings": Affective Approaches to Teaching Literature. DRICE (Development & Research in Confluent Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Aaron

    This paper was intended to be read to a class or group of people who will in turn respond to the directions given in the paper. It is an attempt to merge the affective and cognitive experiences of literature in order to provide a more meaningful experience while studying J.R.R. Tolkien's trilogy, "The Lord of the Rings." The directions…

  8. The "Lord of the Rings"--A "Mythos" Applicable in Unsustainable Times?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Alun

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the relevance of J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" to environmental education and contemporary concerns about social and environmental injustices. It presents an account of the relationship between Tolkien's environmental biography and those aspects of the story that highlight the connection between his personal…

  9. Effect of cover crop and premergence herbicides on the control of ALS-Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) in peanut

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth is a troublesome species across most of the southeastern United States. Resistance to acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibiting herbicides has made control of Palmer amaranth even more difficult for peanut producers. Field studies were conducted in 2007 and 2008 to determine the impac...

  10. Varying tolerance to glyphosate in a population of Palmer amaranth with low epsps copy number

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A Palmer amaranth population (seeds collected in the year 2000; Washington Co., MS) suspected to be susceptible to glyphosate was examined as a population and as individual plants and found to exhibit varying tolerance or resistance to glyphosate. Whole plant spraying of glyphosate (0.84 kg ha-1) t...

  11. Technology's Victims: The Breaker Boys, Ellen Webster Palmer, and the BIA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Zoe

    1991-01-01

    Explores, in a reprint of the 1989 Junior Division National History Day winning paper, the history of some technological developments in Pennsylvania's coal mining industry. Examines the "breaker boys," youths who sorted coal in severe working conditions. Introduces Ellen Webster Palmer, who addressed the problem by organizing the Boys'…

  12. Volney B. Palmer, 1799-1864: The Nation's First Advertising Agency Man.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Donald R.

    This monograph examines the life of Volney B. Palmer, who was the prototype of the modern advertising person. The first section discusses his background and early experience in Pennsylvania. The second section discusses the American Newspaper Agency, established as the first advertising agency in 1842. The third section examines the kind of man…

  13. Evidence for increasingly variable Palmer Drought Severity Index in the United States since 1895.

    PubMed

    Rayne, Sierra; Forest, Kaya

    2016-02-15

    Annual and summertime trends towards increasingly variable values of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) over a sub-decadal period (five years) were investigated within the contiguous United States between 1895 and the present. For the contiguous United States as a whole, there is a significant increasing trend in the five-year running minimum-maximum ranges for the annual PDSI (aPDSI5 yr(min|max, range)). During this time frame, the average aPDSI5 yr(min|max, range) has increased by about one full unit, indicating a substantial increase in drought variability over short time scales across the United States. The end members of the running aPDSI5 yr(min|max, range) highlight even more rapid changes in the drought index variability within the past 120 years. This increasing variability in the aPDSI5 yr(min|max, range) is driven primarily by changes taking place in the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean coastal climate regions, climate regions which collectively comprise one-third the area of the contiguous United States. Similar trends were found for the annual and summertime Palmer Hydrological Drought Index (PHDI), the Palmer Modified Drought Index (PMDI), and the Palmer Z Index (PZI). Overall, interannual drought patterns in the contiguous United States are becoming more extreme and difficult to predict, posing a challenge to agricultural and other water-resource related planning efforts.

  14. Integrated palmer amaranth management in glufosinate-resistant cotton: II. primary, secondary, and conservation tillage

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A three-year field experiment was conducted to evaluate the role of inversion tillage, cover crops and spring tillage methods for Palmer amaranth between-row (BR) and within-row (WR) management in glufosinate-resistant cotton. Main plots were two inversion tillage systems: fall inversion tillage (IT...

  15. Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) damage niche in Illinois soybean is seed-limited

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth, a dioecious summer annual forb originating in Sonoran desert washes, compromises crop yields in much of the southern U.S., and is expanding its range northward. Appropriate tactics for proactively managing this weed in the upper Midwest will depend on characterizing its damage niche...

  16. Palmer Quest: A Feasible Nuclear Fission "Vision Mission" to the Mars Polar Caps

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carsey, F. D.; Beegle, L. W.; Nakagawa, R.; Elliott, J. O.; Matthews, J. B.; Coleman, M. L.; Hecht, M. H.; Ivaniov, A. B.; Head, J. W.; Milkovich, S.

    2005-01-01

    We are engaged in a NASA Vision Mission study, called Palmer Quest after the American Antarctic explorer Nathaniel Palmer, to assess the presence of life and evaluate the habitability of the basal domain of the Mars polar caps. We address this goal through four objectives: 1. Determine the presence of amino acids, nutrients, and geochemical heterogeneity in the ice sheet. 2. Quantify and characterize the provenance of the amino acids in Mars ice. 3. Assess the stratification of outcropped units for indications of habitable zones. 4. Determine the accumulation of ice, mineralogic material, and amino acids in Mars ice caps over the present epoch. Because of the defined scientific goal for the vision mission, the Palmer Quest focus is astrobiological; however, the results of the study make us optimistic that aggressive multi-platform in-situ missions that address a wide range of objectives, such as climate change, can be supported by variations of the approach used on this mission. Mission Overview: The Palmer Quest baseline

  17. Pollen-mediated dispersal of glyphosate-resistance in Palmer amaranth under field conditions.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In addition to being a strong competitor with cotton and other row crops, Palmer amaranth has developed resistance to numerous important agricultural herbicides, including glyphosate. The objective of this study was to determine if the glyphosate-resistance trait can be transferred via pollen moveme...

  18. Palmer Amaranth Control as Affected by Herbicide, Method of Application, and Winter Cover Crop

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate-tolerant cotton allows growers to transition to conservation tillage, promoting soil conservation. Elimination of cultivation in conservation tillage shifts the weed control burden on herbicides. Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (PA) was discovered in 2004 and threatens effective weed...

  19. Influence of carrier volume and nozzle selection on Palmer amaranth control

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S Wats.) is largely viewed as one of the most troublesome weeds in the southeast. Effective control is essential in order to avoid reductions of crop yield. Due to wide-spread resistance to the ALS chemistry, postemergence contact herbicides are often the only i...

  20. Bioherbicidal effects of Myrothecium verrucaria on Glyphosate-resistant and -susceptible Palmer amaranth biotypes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Bioherbicidal effects of the fungus Myrothecium verrucaria (MV) on glyphosate-resistant and -susceptible Palmer amaranth were examined on whole plants and in leaf bioassays of young and mature plants. Leaf bioassays using mycelia from the fermentation product of MV indicated that excised leaves of ...

  1. Lord John, 2nd Baron Wrottesley and the Wrottesley Hall Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Armitage, J.

    2006-12-01

    Lord John Wrottesley (1798-1867) was a man of considerable importance in the field of 19th century science, particularly during the first three decades of the Victorian era. He held a number of important offices during this time, including being President of the Royal Astronomical Society (1841 to 1843), of which he was a founder member in 1820; President of the Royal Society 1854 to 1857; and President of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1860. He was always to seek a good understanding between scientists and government, and also to promote the general public understanding of science. Although today the name of Lord John Wrottesley is largely forgotten, he created a legacy that remains with us to the present day.

  2. Observation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos from lunar orbit: LORD space experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryabov, Vladimir; Chechin, Valery; Gusev, German

    The problem of detecting highest-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos in the Universe is reviewed. Nowadays, there becomes clear that observation of these particles requires approaches based on novel principles. Projects based on orbital radio detectors for particles of energies above the CZK cut-off are discussed. We imply the registration of coherent Cherenkov radio emission produced by cascades of most energetic particles in radio-transparent lunar regolith. The Luna-Glob space mission proposed for launching in the near future involves the Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD). The feasibility of LORD space instrument to detect radio signals from cascades initiated by ultrahigh-energy particles interacting with lunar regolith is examined. The comprehensive Monte Carlo calculations were carried out within the energy range of 10 (20) -10 (25) eV with the account for physical properties of the Moon such as its density, the lunar-regolith radiation length, the radio-wave absorption length, the refraction index, and the orbital altitude of a lunar satellite. We may expect that the LORD space experiment will surpass in its apertures and capabilities the majority of well-known current and proposed experiments dealing with the detection of both ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos. The design of the LORD space instrument and its scientific potentialities in registration of low-intense cosmic-ray particle fluxes above the GZK cut-off up to 10 (25) eV is discussed as well. The designed LORD module (including an antenna system, amplifiers, and a data acquisition system) now is under construction. The LORD space experiment will make it possible to obtain important information on the highest-energy particles in the Universe, to verify modern models for the origin and the propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos. Successful completion of the LORD experiment will permit to consider the next step of the program, namely, a multi-satellite lunar systems to

  3. Continuation of the New England Orogen, Australia, beneath the Queensland Plateau and Lord Howe rise

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mortimer, N.; Hauff, F.; Calvert, A.T.

    2008-01-01

    Greywacke, argillite, greyschist and hypabyssal igneous rocks have been obtained from an Ocean Drilling Program core on the Queensland Plateau and from xenoliths in a volcanic breccia dredged from the crest of the Lord Howe Rise. Low to intermediate detrital quartz contents, 260-240 Ma K-Ar ages, and only moderately radiogenic Sr and Nd isotope compositions, suggest a correlation with the New England Orogen of eastern Australia, rather than with Australia's Lachlan Orogen or other adjacent geological provinces. Our results indicate that the New England Orogen terranes continue towards New Zealand at least as far as the southern Lord Howe Rise. The projected offshore boundaries of the major east Australian orogens are now known with more confidence, and do not appear to require any major cross-orogen offsets.

  4. Effects of Thermal Exposure on the Optical Properties of LORD Aeroglaze A276

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ellis, David L.; Jaworske, Donald A.

    2009-01-01

    A lunar outpost will require electrical energy. One potential source is fission surface power where heat from a reactor is converted into electricity utilizing an energy conversion system, and waste heat will need to be rejected from the system. The Second Generation Radiator Demonstration Unit is a technology demonstration unit leading towards operational radiators. To approximate the infrared emittance of the lunar outpost radiators, a low-cost coating compatible with the test conditions was sought. LORD Aeroglaze A276 has a similar emittance, but its performance in air and vacuum at the desired operating temperatures was unknown. This study determined that the emittance remained above 0.86 for all conditions tested and that LORD Aeroglaze A276 is a suitable surrogate coating for the Second Generation Radiator Demonstration Unit.

  5. Abundance, diversity, and feeding behavior of coral reef butterflyfishes at Lord Howe Island

    PubMed Central

    Pratchett, Morgan S; Hoey, Andrew S; Cvitanovic, Christopher; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A; Fulton, Christopher J

    2014-01-01

    Endemic species are assumed to have a high risk of extinction because their restricted geographic range is often associated with low abundance and high ecological specialization. This study examines the abundance of Chaetodon butterflyfishes at Lord Howe Island in the south-west Pacific, and compares interspecific differences in local abundance to the feeding behavior and geographic range of these species. Contrary to expected correlations between abundance and geographic range, the single most abundant species of butterflyfish was Chaetodon tricinctus, which is endemic to Lord Howe Island and adjacent reefs; densities of C. tricinctus (14.1 ± 2.1 SE fish per 200m2) were >3 times higher than the next most abundant butterflyfish (Chaetodon melannotus), and even more abundant than many other geographically widespread species. Dietary breadth for the five dominant butterflyfishes at Lord Howe Island was weakly and generally negative correlated with abundance. The endemic C. tricinctus was a distinct outlier in this relationship, though our extensive feeding observations suggest some issues with the measurements of dietary breadth for this species. Field observations revealed that all bites taken on benthic substrates by C. tricinctus were from scleractinian corals, but adults rarely, if ever, took bites from the benthos, suggesting that they may be feeding nocturnally and/or using mid-water prey, such as plankton. Alternatively, the energetic demands of C. tricinctus may be fundamentally different to other coral-feeding butterflyfishes. Neither dietary specialization nor geographic range accounts for interspecific variation in abundance of coral reef butterflyfishes at Lord Howe Island, while much more work on the foraging behavior and population dynamics of C. tricinctus will be required to understand its’ abundance at this location. PMID:25478152

  6. Episodes of reef growth at Lord Howe Island, the southernmost reef in the southwest Pacific

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woodroffe, C. D.; Dickson, M. E.; Brooke, B. P.; Kennedy, D. M.

    2005-12-01

    Lord Howe Island lies at the present latitudinal limit to reef growth in the Pacific and preserves evidence of episodes of reef development over the Late Quaternary. A modern fringing reef flanks the western shore of Lord Howe Island, enclosing a Holocene lagoon, and Late Quaternary eolianites veneer the island. Coral-bearing beach and shallow-water calcarenites record a sea level around 2-3 m above present during the Last Interglacial. No reefs or subaerial carbonate deposits occur on, or around, Balls Pyramid, 25 km to the south. The results of chronostratigraphic studies of the modern Lord Howe Island reef and lagoon indicate prolific coral production during the mid-Holocene, but less extensive coral cover during the late Holocene. Whereas the prolific mid-Holocene reefs might appear to reflect warmer sea-surface temperatures, the pattern of dates and reef growth history are similar to those throughout the Great Barrier Reef and across much of the Indo-Pacific and are more likely correlated with availability of suitable substrate. Little direct evidence of a Last Interglacial reef is now preserved, and the only evidence for older periods of reef establishment comes from clasts of coral in a well-cemented limestone unit below a coral that has been dated to the Last Interglacial age in a core at the jetty. However, a massive reef structure occurs near the centre of the wide shelf around Lord Howe Island, veneered with Holocene coralline algae. Its base is 40-50 m deep and it rises to water depths of less than 30 m. This fossil reef is several times more extensive than either Holocene or Last Interglacial reefs appear to have been. Holocene give-up reef growth is inferred during the postglacial transgression, but an alternative interpretation is that this is a much older landform, indicating reefs that were much more extensive than modern reefs at this marginal site.

  7. LORD Space Experiment for Investigation of Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic-ray Particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryabov, V. A.; Gusev, G. A.; Chechin, V. A.

    2013-02-01

    The problem of detecting cosmic rays and neutrinos of energies above the GZK cutoff is reviewed. Nowadays, it becomes clear that registration of nature's most energetic particles requires approaches based on new principles. First of all, we imply the detection of the coherent Cherenkov radio emission in cascades of ultrahigh-energy particles in radio-transparent natural dense media, i.e., ice shields of Antarctica, mineral salt, and lunar regolith. The Luna-Glob space mission planned for launching in the near future involves the Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD) whose aperture for cosmic rays and neutrinos of energies E >= 1020 eV exceeds all existing ground-based arrays. The feasibility of LORD to detect radio signals from showers initiated by ultrahigh-energy particles interacting with the lunar regolith is examined. The design of the LORD space instrument and its scientific potentialities for registration of low-intense cosmic-ray particle fluxes above the GZK cut-off up to 1025 eV is discussed.

  8. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: December 2007 - March 2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2008-09-01

    Lightcurves for 17 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory from December 2007 to early March 2008: 793 Arizona, 1092 Lilium, 2093 Genichesk, 3086 Kalbaugh, 4859 Fraknoi, 5806 Archieroy, 6296 Cleveland, 6310 Jankonke, 6384 Kervin, (7283) 1989 TX15, 7560 Spudis, (7579) 1990 TN1, (13578) 1993 MK, (24819) 1994 XY4, (26471) 2000 AS152, (26916) 1996 RR2, and 2008 CN1.

  9. Antibiotic resistance among bacteria isolated from seawater and penguin fecal samples collected near Palmer Station, Antarctica.

    PubMed

    Miller, Robert V; Gammon, Katharine; Day, Martin J

    2009-01-01

    Antibiotic resistance in aquatic bacteria has increased steadily as a consequence of the widespread use of antibiotics, but practice and international treaty should have limited antibiotic contamination in Antarctica. We estimated antibiotic resistance in microorganisms isolated from the Antarctic marine waters and a penguin rookery, for 2 reasons: (i) as a measure of human impact and (ii) as a potential "snapshot" of the preantibiotic world. Samples were taken at 4 established sampling sites near Palmer Station, which is situated at the southern end of the Palmer Archipelago (64 degrees 10'S, 61 degrees 50'W). Sites were chosen to provide different potentials for human contamination. Forty 50 mL samples of seawater were collected and colony-forming units (CFU)/mL were determined at 6 and 20 degrees C. For this study, presumed psychrophiles (growth at 6 degrees C) were assumed to be native to Antarctic waters, whereas presumed mesophiles (growth at 20 degrees C but not at 6 degrees C) were taken to represent introduced organisms. The 20-6 degrees C CFU/mL ratio was used as a measure of the relative impact to the ecosystem of presumably introduced organisms. This ratio was highest at the site nearest to Palmer Station and decreased with distance from it, suggesting that human presence has impacted the natural microbial flora of the site. The frequency of resistance to 5 common antibiotics was determined in each group of isolates. Overall drug resistance was higher among the presumed mesophiles than the presumed psychrophiles and increased with proximity to Palmer Station, with the presumed mesophiles showing higher frequencies of single and multiple drug resistance than the psychrophile population. The frequency of multidrug resistance followed the same pattern. It appears that multidrug resistance is low among native Antarctic bacteria but is increased by human habitation.

  10. Column ozone measurements from Palmer Station, Antarctica: Variations during the Austral Springs of 1988 and 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Lubin, D. ); Frederick, J.E. )

    1990-08-20

    The National Science Foundation scanning spectroradiometer at Palmer Station, Antarctica (64{degree}-46{prime}S, 64{degree}04{prime}W), provides hourly ground-based measurements of solar ultraviolet (UV) irradiance. In addition to defining the UV radiation environment of the region, these measurements allow the derivation of the column density of atmospheric ozone above the station nearly every daylight hour. This hourly time resolution, not generally available from other methods of monitoring Antarctic ozone abundances, enables the detection of large and rapid changes in total column ozone and UV surface irradiance associated with the dynamics of the polar vortex. Column ozone abundance is derived from a ratio of measured irradiances at 300 and 313.5 nanometers (nm) by means of theoretical calculation of this ratio as a function of total ozone amount. Noontime ozone abundances over Palmer Station obtained from this method agree with those obtained by the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instrument aboard Nimbus 7 to within about 10% throughout the austral spring of 1988. Ozone recovery at Palmer Station, associated with the breakup of the polar vortex as indicated by TOMS satellite ozone observations, occurred rapidly within a 24-hour period beginning in midafternoon on November 15. Over the Antarctic Peninsula, the 1989 ozone depletion was slightly greater than in 1988, the minimum noontime ozone abundances over Palmer Station as measured by the spectroradiometer being 194 and 166 Dobson units for October 14, 1988, and October 14, 1989, respectively. The 1989 ozone depletion however ended by November 5 over the Antarctic Peninsula, 10 days earlier than the 1988 event.

  11. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2009 June-September

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2010-01-01

    Lightcurves for 17 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory (PDO) from 2009 June through September: 434 Hungaria, 790 Pretoria, 950 Ahrensa, 1203 Nanna, 1575 Winifred, (5639) 1989 PE, 6447 Terrycole, (6461) 1993 VB5, 6859 Datemasamune, (8639) 1986 VB1, 15374 Teta, (20614) 1999 SN3, (26916) 1996 RR2, 27776 Cortland, (32209) 2000 OW9, (46818) 1998 MZ24, and (77799) 2001 QV88.

  12. Mechanism of resistance of evolved glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri).

    PubMed

    Gaines, Todd A; Shaner, Dale L; Ward, Sarah M; Leach, Jan E; Preston, Christopher; Westra, Philip

    2011-06-08

    Evolved glyphosate resistance in weedy species represents a challenge for the continued success and utility of glyphosate-resistant crops. Glyphosate functions by inhibiting the plant enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS). The resistance mechanism was determined in a population of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth from Georgia (U.S.). Within this population, glyphosate resistance correlates with increases in (a) genomic copy number of EPSPS, (b) expression of the EPSPS transcript, (c) EPSPS protein level, and (d) EPSPS enzymatic activity. Dose response results from the resistant and an F(2) population suggest that between 30 and 50 EPSPS genomic copies are necessary to survive glyphosate rates between 0.5 and 1.0 kg ha(-1). These results further confirm the role of EPSPS gene amplification in conferring glyphosate resistance in this population of Palmer amaranth. Questions remain related to how the EPSPS amplification initially occurred and the occurrence of this mechanism in other Palmer amaranth populations and other glyphosate-resistant species.

  13. The geomorphology of the flanks of the Lord Howe Island volcano, Tasman Sea, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kennedy, D. M.; Brooke, B. P.; Woodroffe, C. D.; Jones, B. G.; Waikari, C.; Nichol, S.

    2011-04-01

    The flanks of mid-ocean volcanoes are inherently unstable features especially in the constructional phase of development when the volcano is active. Lateral and vertical stresses are placed on the volcanic edifice as it builds, with the flanks continuing to be unstable up to at least 1 Ma after volcanism has ceased. The flanks of the Lord Howe Island volcano record this period of greatest instability and a subsequent period in which marine and subaerial erosion have dominated its geomorphic evolution. Lord Howe Island lies in the Tasman Sea of the Southern Pacific region and is the subaerial remnant of a Miocene mid-ocean volcano. The island has only recently entered reef building seas and therefore has been subject to marine erosive processes over the past 5-6 Ma. The island is unique as it sits on the stable drowned continental crust of the Lord Howe Rise rather than oceanic crust like many other mid-plate basaltic islands. Multibeam sonar bathymetry data were collected to a depth of 3500 m where the island flanks grade into the surrounding planar sea floor. Several slump features are evident, the largest being over 130 km 2 in area. These features are inferred to be old (late Tertiary) based on an extensive cover of marine sediment as indicated by low multibeam backscatter intensity and subdued topography. Most likely the slumps formed during the immediate post-eruptive stage of volcano evolution, before the bulk of the subaerial portion of the volcano was removed by marine erosion. Flank processes are now dominated by the deposition of carbonate sediment composed of mollusc and foraminiferal remains. Based on radiocarbon and stable isotope analyses of a sediment core (760 m depth) collected on a trough in the centre of the volcanic edifice, Quaternary sediment was likely deposited predominantly during glacial periods. The erosional morphology, sediment cover and tectonic stability of the region suggest that the flanks of the volcano are at present relatively

  14. ``Wibbly-Wobbly, Timey-Wimey-Stuff:'' Teaching with a Time Lord

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larsen, K.

    2014-07-01

    November 2013 marked the 50th anniversary of the premiere of Doctor Who, the longest-running science fiction television series in history (790 episodes spanning 1963-1989 and 2005-present). The revival of the BBC series in 2005 has been both critically acclaimed and commercially successful. The travels of the 900-plus-year-old Time Lord and his companions introduce viewers to the past, present, and future of our planet and many others. While the series is obviously fictional, there is also a surprising amount of fairly accurate science as well.

  15. Commentary on text of interview with Professor Lord Ara Darzi: 'Desirable? Yes; but is it achievable?'.

    PubMed

    Ferlie, Ewan

    2015-01-01

    This personal commentary explores some issues that arise in the text of the interview with Lord Darzi published in LJPC 6.6, from a point of view of an interest in health policy and change in healthcare organisations. It suggests that the vision is desirable but that there are four major questions about ready implementation that the field needs to consider: 1 Can primary care development and investment be protected in a cold financial climate? 2 Does the current marketisation of health care erode integration? 3 Does the health and social care system in London behave like a real system? 4 Is there really a cultural shift towards empowerment and organisational learning?

  16. "Being bridges": Cleaver/Baldwin/Lorde and African-American sexism and sexuality.

    PubMed

    Waldrep, S

    1993-01-01

    In an attempt to place James Baldwin and his ideas within the context of a debate on black sexuality and sexism, this paper begins with a section on Eldridge Cleaver and his critique of Baldwin's position on sexuality and race. Cleaver's own homophobia and misreading of Baldwin's essays and published comments on Richard Wright contribute to his inability to grasp Baldwin's sophisticated analysis of race/sexuality/sexism within Western culture. The second section takes up Baldwin explicitly and attempts both to outline his position more fully and to suggest the breadth and depth of his analysis of sexuality and the work yet to be done to chart it. In the final section of the paper I turn to Audre Lorde in order to update the critique of Baldwin's position within the debate. Lorde, like many other contemporary writer-theorists, sees the terms of the discussion differently from Baldwin. She agrees with his hatred of racism, homophobia, and sexism, but she disagrees with his solution that acceptance and "brotherly" love are a solution to the real problems facing black (and gay) people today. She posits a belief in the necessity for delineating the particular subject position she holds: black, lesbian, female, Western, etc., and she is wary of any allegiances that might elide the clues to her oppression. The paper attempts to demonstrate that these differing positions are, nevertheless, linked in ways historical and otherwise.

  17. GRM crustal magnetic anomalies: Separating the Lord Howe Rise and Norfolk Ridge submarine structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frey, H.

    1985-01-01

    Multiple source bodies often lie within the resolution element of the MAGSAT and POGO data. Small weak sources lying near larger stronger sources will tend to be missed, although they do contribute to the total observed anomaly. Lower elevation magnetic anomaly surveys such as GRM alleviate this problem through the combined effects of significantly greater resolution and stronger signal amplitude. This permits the detection of smaller source bodies, and analysis of their structure and nature. The improvement a GRM will provide is demonstrated in the Lord Howe Rise/Norfolk Ridge area east of Australia, between the Tasman Sea and south Fiji Basin. The submarine features origin have important plate tectonic implications. The Lord Howe Rise (LHR) is a continental fragment broken off from Australia by the opening of the Tasman Sea. It is a wide, shallow structure lying between 160 and 165 deg longitude at 23 to 37 deg S latitude. Seismic refraction data show the LHR crust extending to depths in excess of 20 km.

  18. Smoke emissions from industrial western Scotland in 1859 inferred from Lord Kelvin's atmospheric electricity measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aplin, Karen L.

    2012-04-01

    Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) made careful, calibrated measurements of the atmospheric Potential Gradient (PG) at three sites on the east side of Arran in 1859. The PG was always anomalously high in easterly and north-easterly winds. Positive space charge from sea spray may have contributed to the high PG at two coastal sites, but measurements made on Goatfell, inland and 100-175 m above sea level are unlikely to have been affected by spray. Instead, pollution from the Scottish mainland seems the more likely cause of the high PG at Goatfell, which varied from 300 to 1000 Vm-1 on 10th-11th October 1859, corresponding to smoke levels from 0.2 to 0.8 mgm-3. Gaussian plume calculations, based on the atmospheric conditions described by Lord Kelvin, and constrained by early Glaswegian pollution measurements, indicate a substantial source region located on the Scottish mainland, 20-40 km from Arran, emitting between 10-104 kg s-1.

  19. Trashing the System: Social Movement, Intersectional Rhetoric, and Collective Agency in the Young Lords Organization's Garbage Offensive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enck-Wanzer, Darrel

    2006-01-01

    Examining the nascent rhetoric of the Young Lords Organization's (YLO) 1969 "garbage offensive," this essay argues that the long-standing constraints on agency to which they were responding demanded an inventive rhetoric that was decolonizing both in its aim and in its form. Blending diverse forms of discourse produced an intersectional rhetoric…

  20. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory - December 2006 - March 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2007-09-01

    Lightcurves for 32 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory from late December 2006 through March 2007: 22 Kalliope, 36 Atalante, 92 Undina, 108 Hecuba, 154 Bertha, 170 Maria, 275 Sapientia, 572 Rebekka, 708 Raphaela, 947 Monterosa, 1072 Malva, 1323 Tugela, 1348 Michel, 2449 Kenos, 3225 Hoag, 3410 Vereshchagin, 4764 Joneberhart, 4765 Wasserburg, 4898 Nishiizumi, 6646 Churanta, 6870 Pauldavies, (7783) 1994 JD, 9554 Dumont, (9873) 1992 GH , (16585) 1992 QR, (16681) 1994 EV7, (30856) 1991 XE, (40250) 1998 XG16, (69350) 1993 YP, (101549) 1998 YY29, (138666) 2000 RX96, and 2001 BE10.

  1. Asteroid lightcurve analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory - late 2005 and early 2006

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2006-09-01

    Lightcurves for 23 of 24 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory from November 2005 through early February 2006: 224 Oceana, 332 Siri, 494 Virtus, 549 Jessonda, 573 Recha, 596 Scheila, 773 Irmintraud, 840 Zenobia, 1207 Ostenia, 1238 Predappia, 1613 Smiley, 1694 Kaiser, 2839 Annette, 2856 Roeser, 3511 Tsvetaeva, 3635 Kreutz, 3873 Roddy, 4283 Stoffler, 4547 Massachusetts, (5877) 1990 FP, (18582) 1997 XK9, and (21056) 1991 CA1. In addition, a revised period for 1582 Martir based on data obtained in 2000 is presented.

  2. Upon Further Review: II. An Examination of Previous Lightcurve Analysis from the Palmer Divide Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2010-10-01

    Updated results are given for six asteroids previously reported from the Palmer Divide Observatory. The original images were remeasured to obtain new data sets using the latest version of MPO Canopus photometry software, analysis tools, and revised techniques for linking multiple observing runs covering several days to several weeks. Results that were previously not reported or had significantly different periods and/or amplitudes were found for 1329 Eliane, 1582 Martir, 2023 Asaph, 8041 Masumoto, (26853) 1992 UQ2, and (52387) 1993 OM7. This is the second in a series of papers that examines results obtained during the initial years of the asteroid lightcurve program at PDO.

  3. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at CS3-Palmer Divide Station: 2016 April-July

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2016-10-01

    Lightcurves for nine main-belt asteroids were obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies-Palmer Divide Station (CS3-PDS) from 2016 April to July. Of the group, four are known Hungaria binary asteroids: 1727 Mette, 2047 Smetana, 5899 Jedicke, and (18890) 2000 EV26. The Mars-crosser (54697) 2001 FA70 appears to be a newly-confirmed binary with P1 = 2.7075 h and POrb = 16.269 h. A third period, P2 = 2.1239 h, appears to be real. If so, it could be due to the asynchronous rotation of the satellite or a third body in the system.

  4. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: September-December 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2008-06-01

    Lightcurves for 20 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory from September-December 2007. 167 Urda; 793 Arizona; 1112 Polonia; 1325 Inanda; 1590 Tsiolkovskaja; 1741 Giclas; 2347 Vinata; 4464 Vulcano; 5720 Halweaver; 7086 Bopp; 7187 Isobe; (8309) 1996 NL1; (10496) 1986 RK; (11904) 1991 TR1; (17738) 1998 BS15; (20936) 4835 T-1; (25332) 1999 KK6; (31793) 1999 LB6; (44892) 1999 VJ8; (52314) 1991 XD. In addition, previously unpublished results from 2000 for (10936) 1998 FN11 are reported.

  5. Speeches to mark the accession of the UK to ESO: Lord Sainsbury, Arno Freytag, Catherine Cesarsky

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-09-01

    To mark the occasion of the the tenth member state joining ESO, the UK invited ESO to hold its 98th Council meeting in London on 8-9 July 2002. The hosts provided a wonderful venue for the meeting in Trinity House, overlooking the Tower of London. An excursion to the historic Greenwich Observatory and a banquet at Lancaster House helped to make it an especially memorable occasion. A landmark decision made at the meeting was the approval for the construction and operation of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA). The speeches given at the banquet by Lord Sainsbury, A. Freytag and C. Cesarsky are printed below, followed by an article by Prof. Gerry Gilmore on the British astronomers' perspective.

  6. Synopsis of the hymenopteran fauna of Lord Howe Island with a preliminary checklist of species.

    PubMed

    Jennings, John T; Austin, Andrew D

    2015-03-13

    Lord Howe Island is an eroded remnant of a shield volcano approximately 600 km northeast of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It has fascinated biologists for more than a century because of its unique and iconic fauna and flora, and was declared a World Heritage Site in 1982. Although the terrestrial invertebrate fauna is reasonably well known for many groups, most Hymenoptera, apart from ants, have received scant attention. Here we use material collected from a recent intensive invertebrate survey, in conjunction with the published literature, to provide an overview of the Hymenoptera known from the island that can act as a basis for future taxonomic and biodiversity research. In doing so, we record 318 species from 31 hymenopteran families from the Island, and assess the proportion that are flightless and likely to be endemic to the island.

  7. Gunfight at the NOT OK Corral: Reply to "High Noon for Microfinance" by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones (Uncut version).

    PubMed

    Pitt, Mark M

    2012-01-01

    The paper "High Noon for Microfinance Impact Evaluations" by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones replicates the papers of Chemin (2008) and Pitt and Khandker (1998) that estimate the impact of microfinance in Bangladesh. My paper replicates the Duvendack and Palmer-Jones replication and finds so many serious errors in their code and misrepresentations of the methods described in their paper that I conclude that their results are spurious and provide no evidence about the validity of either the papers of Chemin or Pitt and Khandker or on the effectiveness of microfinance.

  8. Test Review: Lord, C., Luyster, R. J., Gotham, K., & Guthrie, W. (2012). "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2) Manual (Part II): Toddler Module." Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services, 2012. Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., Risi, S., Gotham, K., & Bishop, S. "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition." Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services, 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrimmon, Adam; Rostad, Kristin

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the "Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition" (ADOS-2; Lord, Luyster, Gotham, & Guthrie, 2012; Lord, Rutter et al., 2012), a newly updated, semistructured, standardized measure of communication, social interaction, play/imagination, and restricted and/or repetitive behaviors published by Western…

  9. Did American social and economic events from 1865 to 1898 influence D.D. Palmer the chiropractor and entrepreneur?

    PubMed

    Batinić, Josip; Skowron, Mirek; Hammerich, Karin

    2013-09-01

    This paper explores how the social landscape of the latter half of the nineteenth century influenced D. D. Palmer and the many occupations he pursued. It focuses on the geographical area where D. D. lived from 1865 to 1898. This paper will show how the American social and economic events of the time provided favourable circumstances for D.D.'s entrepreneurial successes.

  10. Inversion tillage, high residue covers, and different herbicide regimes for palmer amaranth control in liberty link systems

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth is adversely affecting cotton production in the Southeast US. A field experiment was established in fall 2008 at the E.V. Smith Research Center, Field Crops Unit near Shorter, AL, to investigate the role of inversion tillage, high residue cover crops, and differ...

  11. Relativity in Transylvania and Patusan: Finding the roots of Einstein's theories of relativity in "Dracula" and "Lord Jim"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tatum, Brian Shane

    This thesis investigates the similarities in the study of time and space in literature and science during the modern period. Specifically, it focuses on the portrayal of time and space within Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897) and Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim (1899-1900), and compares the ideas presented with those later scientifically formulated by Albert Einstein in his special and general theories of relativity (1905-1915). Although both novels precede Einstein's theories, they reveal advanced complex ideas of time and space very similar to those later argued by the iconic physicist. These ideas follow a linear progression including a sense of temporal dissonance, the search for a communal sense of the present, the awareness and expansion of the individual's sense of the present, and the effect of mass on surrounding space. This approach enhances readings of Dracula and Lord Jim, illuminating the fascination with highly refined notions of time and space within modern European culture.

  12. Audre's daughter: Black lesbian steganography in Dee Rees' Pariah and Audre Lorde's Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

    PubMed

    Kang, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that African-American director Dee Rees' critically acclaimed debut Pariah (2011) is a rewriting of lesbian poet-activist Audre Lorde's iconic "bio-mythography" Zami: A New Spelling of My Name (1982). The article examines how Rees' work creatively and subtly re-envisions Lorde's Zami by way of deeply rooted and often cleverly camouflaged patterns, resonances, and contrasts. Shared topics include naming, mother-daughter bonds, the role of clothing in identity formation, domestic abuse, queer time, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender legacy discourse construction. What emerges between the visual and written texts is a hidden language of connection--what may be termed Black lesbian steganography--which proves thought-provoking to viewers and readers alike.

  13. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2011 June - September

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2012-01-01

    Lightcurves for 28 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory (PDO) from 2011 June to September: 903 Nealley, 1103 Sequoia, 2052 Tamriko, 2083 Smither, 2150 Nyctimene, 2272 Montezuma, 2306 Bauschinger, 4125 Lew Allen, 5571 Lesliegreen, (7660) 1993 VM1, 7933 Magritte, (16256) 2000 JM2, (16959) 1998 QE17, (17822) 1998 FM135, (18890) 2000 EV26, (27568) 2000 PT6, (31898) 2000 GC1, (32953) 1996 GF19, (32928) 1995 QZ, (33356) 1999 AM3, (35055) 1984 RB, (54234) 2000 JD16, (60365) 2000 AT109, (62117) 2000 RC102, (67404) 2000 PG26, 70030 Margaretmiller, (140428) 2001 TT94, (282081) 2000 NG. Observations of 70030 Margaretmiller indicate that the asteroid is a probable binary with a secondary period being detected but no mutual events.

  14. Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2012 September - 2013 January

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.

    2013-04-01

    Lightcurves for 40 asteroids were obtained at the Palmer Divide Observatory (PDO) from 2012 September to 2013 January: 495 Eulalia, 1694 Kaiser, 2001 Einstein, 3086 Kalbaugh, 3635 Kreutz, 5806 Archieroy, 6310 Jankonke, 6447 Terrycole, 6744 Komoda, 7086 Bopp, 7560 Spudis, 8325 Trigo-Rodriguez, 11149 Tateshina, 11709 Eudoxos, (13245) 1998 MM19, (13573) 1993 FZ18, 14395 Tommorgan, 15434 Mittal, (17657) 1996 VO4, (22013) 1999 XO89, (26916) 1996 RR2, 27776 Cortland, (30878) 1992 GQ, (30981) 1995 SJ4, (31831) 1999 YL, (32626) 2001 RX64, (51371) 2000 XF15, 55844 Bicak, (55854) 1996 VS1, (63440) 2001 MD30, (66832) 1999 UE45, (70927) 1999 VX210, (72675) 2001 FP54, (86388) 2000 AT60, (90988) 1997 XS13, (123937) 2001 EX16, (136017) 2002 VH74, (192683) 1999 SO27, (330825) 2008 XE3, and 2012 TC4. Based on data and analysis in 2012 for 27776 Cortland, the previously reported period from 2009 has been revised.

  15. Spongiosis Hepatis in a Wild Aquarium-Maintained Red Irish Lord.

    PubMed

    Hyatt, Michael W; Rosas-Rosas, Arely G; Wolf, Jeffrey C; Frasca, Salvatore

    2015-12-01

    An aquarium-maintained female Red Irish Lord Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus presented with severe coelomic distension. The fish was anesthetized for ultrasonographic examination, which highlighted multiple cyst-like lesions in the liver and a distended ovary that was filled with follicles and an inspissated egg mass. Multiple exploratory celiotomies were performed for egg mass removal, liver biopsy, ovariosalpingectomy, and body wall rupture repair. Fourteen weeks after original presentation, and subsequent to 2 weeks of anorexia, the fish died. At necropsy, the liver was severely enlarged and distorted by multiple, coalescing, cyst-like spaces with no grossly normal liver parenchyma. The spleen also contained a raised cyst-like structure. Microscopically, the liver had well-demarcated foci of hepatocyte loss with retained meshworks of interconnected, perisinusoidal stellate cells. The fluid-filled spaces surrounded by stellate cells were not lined by epithelium or endothelium. The spleen had similar fluid-filled spaces formed of stellate cells. The cyst-like lesions in the liver were consistent with spongiosis hepatis; however, the concurrent development of a morphologically comparable lesion in the spleen is not typical of spongiosis hepatis cases. This case may represent the first report of spontaneously occurring spongiosis hepatis in a fish maintained in a public aquarium, as well as the first report in a fish of spongiosis hepatis-like lesions in an organ other than the liver.

  16. How sympatric is speciation in the Howea palms of Lord Howe Island?

    PubMed

    Babik, Wiesław; Butlin, Roger K; Baker, William J; Papadopulos, Alexander S T; Boulesteix, Matthieu; Anstett, Marie-Charlotte; Lexer, Christian; Hutton, Ian; Savolainen, Vincent

    2009-09-01

    The two species of the palm genus Howea (Arecaceae) from Lord Howe Island, a minute volcanic island in the Tasman Sea, are now regarded as one of the most compelling examples of sympatric speciation, although this view is still disputed by some authors. Population genetic and ecological data are necessary to provide a more coherent and comprehensive understanding of this emerging model system. Here, we analyse data on abundance, juvenile recruitment, pollination mode and genetic variation and structure in both species. We find that Howea forsteriana is less abundant than Howea belmoreana. The genetic data based on amplified fragment length polymorphisms markers indicate similar levels of variation in the two species, despite the estimated census population size of H. belmoreana being three times larger than that of H. forsteriana. Genetic structure within species is low although some weak isolation by distance is detectable. Gene flow between species appears to be extremely limited and restricted to early-generation hybrids - only three admixed individuals, classified as F2s or first generation backcrosses to a parental species, were found among sampled palms. We conclude that speciation in Howea was indeed sympatric, although under certain strict definitions it may be called parapatric.

  17. Venerable or vulnerable: ageing and old age in JRR Tolkien's The lord of the rings.

    PubMed

    Hogan, David B; Clarfield, A Mark

    2007-06-01

    An underappreciated aspect of The lord of the rings (TLOTR) by JRR Tolkien is in how the author dealt with death, longevity and ageing in the work. During his early years, Tolkien endured first the passing of both parents and then the deaths of most of his friends during the First World War. It was not surprising that a search for the meaning of life and death became a preoccupation of Tolkien. Tolkien's Roman Catholic faith underpinned his thoughts about mortality. He also found solace in Northern myths that held that there was intrinsic worth to courage in the face of our inevitable demise. Along with his colleague, CS Lewis, he took an opposing stand to JBS Haldane, Olaf Stapledon and other precursors of transhumanists, who felt that bioengineering would allow us to extend human life span virtually without limit. Although Tolkien acknowledged the urge to try to escape our mortality, TLOTR is a story about accepting the need to let go with all of the attendant regrets and sorrow.

  18. Extreme convergence in stick insect evolution: phylogenetic placement of the Lord Howe Island tree lobster

    PubMed Central

    Buckley, Thomas R.; Attanayake, Dilini; Bradler, Sven

    2008-01-01

    The ‘tree lobsters’ are an enigmatic group of robust, ground-dwelling stick insects (order Phasmatodea) from the subfamily Eurycanthinae, distributed in New Guinea, New Caledonia and associated islands. Its most famous member is the Lord Howe Island stick insect Dryococelus australis (Montrouzier), which was believed to have become extinct but was rediscovered in 2001 and is considered to be one of the rarest insects in the world. To resolve the evolutionary position of Dryococelus, we constructed a phylogeny from approximately 2.4 kb of mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data from representatives of all major phasmatodean lineages. Our data placed Dryococelus and the New Caledonian tree lobsters outside the New Guinean Eurycanthinae as members of an unrelated Australasian stick insect clade, the Lanceocercata. These results suggest a convergent origin of the ‘tree lobster’ body form. Our reanalysis of tree lobster characters provides additional support for our hypothesis of convergent evolution. We conclude that the phenotypic traits leading to the traditional classification are convergent adaptations to ground-living behaviour. Our molecular dating analyses indicate an ancient divergence (more than 22 Myr ago) between Dryococelus and its Australian relatives. Hence, Dryococelus represents a long-standing separate evolutionary lineage within the stick insects and must be regarded as a key taxon to protect with respect to phasmatodean diversity. PMID:19129110

  19. The Courage to Teach: Exploring the Inner Landscape of a Teacher's Life (by Parker J. Palmer)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurt Middlecamp, Reviewed By Catherine

    1999-12-01

    Most of us would willingly - perhaps even passionately - tackle the question of what we should teach our students. Similarly, we are likely to engage in a conversation about how we teach and our preferences for organizing classroom time and structures. Although the question of why we teach may be raised less often (and perhaps with a hint of sarcasm), this too is a question to which most can offer a thoughtful response. An entirely different matter, however, is the question of who is the person teaching. This who involves the inner realms of one's heart, mind, and soul. How does our identity affect the teaching and learning processes? As we teach, what paths are we following intellectually, emotionally, or even spiritually? How do these paths influence our relationship to our content and to our students? With an engaging honesty, Parker Palmer pursues these questions in The Courage to Teach: Exploring the Inner Landscape of A Teacher's Life. At the outset he points out (p 4): I have no quarrel with the what or how or why questions - except when they are posed as the only questions worth asking. All of them can yield important insights into teaching and learning. But none of them opens up the territory I want to explore in this book: the inner landscape of the teaching self. One might well question why those of us teaching chemistry should be interested in examining ourselves as part of the teaching equation. Isn't scientific knowledge supposed to be as objective as we can make it? Isn't it better for us to check our emotional or intellectual baggage at the classroom door, rather than to taint the content with our biases? Or perhaps more directly stated, is it not more practical and a better use of our time to simply deal with the realities of the day-to-day classroom issues? Admittedly these are fair questions. However, to become stuck on them is to miss the opportunities for reflection and growth as teachers that Palmer's book offers. Simply put, people teach

  20. Sex differences in the Kimchi-Palmer task revisited: Global reaction times, but not number of global choices differ between adult men and women.

    PubMed

    Scheuringer, Andrea; Pletzer, Belinda

    2016-10-15

    Research, directly assessing sex-dependent differences in global versus local processing is sparse, but predominantly suggesting that men show a stronger global processing bias than women. Utilizing the Kimchi-Palmer task however, sex differences in the number of global choices can only be found in children, but not in adults. In the current study 52 men and 46 women completed a computerized version of the Kimchi Palmer task, in order to investigate whether sex-differences in global-local processing in the Kimchi-Palmer task are reflected in choice reaction times rather than choices per se. While no sex differences were found in the number of global choices, we found that especially women are faster in making local choices than men, while men are faster in making global choices than women. We did not find support for the assumption that this sex difference was modulated by menstrual cycle phase of women, since the difference between reaction times to global and local choices was consistent across the menstrual cycle of women. Accordingly there was no relationship between progesterone and global-local processing in the Kimchi-Palmer task. However, like in studies utilizing the Navon task, testosterone was positively related to the number of global choices in both men and women. To our knowledge, this is the first study including reaction times as outcome measure in a Kimchi Palmer paradigm and also the first study demonstrating sex differences in the Kimchi Palmer task in adults.

  1. The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandrelli, S.

    The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis S. Sandrelli INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Milano, Italy (stefano.sandrelli@brera.inaf.it / Fax: 02 72001600 / Phone: +39 02 72320337) "The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings" is a live astronomical role-playing game for kids aged 10 -13. Its goal is to introduce them to some of the main topics of the Solar System: a) the role of gravity; b) the distribution of mass & light; c) the effects of rotation; d) the distribution of water. The game was held both at the Perugia (2004) and the Genova Science Festival (2005), obtaining great success. Teams of about 6-8 members are introduced to Mr Schioppanelli, the astro-detective of the town (the name is a pun: it reminds Schiaparelli, the famous italian astronomer, and it is a slang expression meaning "ring-breaker"). Mr Schioppanelli has his office in an "gastronomical astronomical observatory", known as The Red Giant Pizzeria. Schioppanelli informs the kids that a mysterious Centaur succeded in stealing the rings of Saturn. The partecipants are appointed astro-detectives in-charge and asked to find the rings by browsing around the Solar System, which is scaled so as to fit the town historical centre or a pedestrian area, going from the Sun to Saturn or beyond, depending on the actual area at disposal. Great care must be taken allowing children playing only in a car-free area of the town. At the right scaled distances, the partecipants meet characters playing as the various planets. The kids can talk to them after solving a riddle, obtaining useful informations. A special characters play as a comet, timely going in and out of the inner solar system. The teams can also talk to some shepherd-moons of the rings. They easily discover that the rings were totally destroyed by the Centaur: a real disaster! They are also suggested to gather the necessary ingredients (gravity, light, rotation, inclination, dust and

  2. A large population of king crabs in Palmer Deep on the west Antarctic Peninsula shelf and potential invasive impacts

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Craig R.; Grange, Laura J.; Honig, David L.; Naudts, Lieven; Huber, Bruce; Guidi, Lionel; Domack, Eugene

    2012-01-01

    Lithodid crabs (and other skeleton-crushing predators) may have been excluded from cold Antarctic continental shelf waters for more than 14 Myr. The west Antarctic Peninsula shelf is warming rapidly and has been hypothesized to be soon invaded by lithodids. A remotely operated vehicle survey in Palmer Deep, a basin 120 km onto the Antarctic shelf, revealed a large, reproductive population of lithodids, providing the first evidence that king crabs have crossed the Antarctic shelf. DNA sequencing and morphology indicate the lithodid is Neolithodes yaldwyni Ahyong & Dawson, previously reported only from Ross Sea waters. We estimate a N. yaldwyni population density of 10 600 km−2 and a population size of 1.55 × 106 in Palmer Deep, a density similar to lithodid populations of commercial interest around Alaska and South Georgia. The lithodid occurred at depths of more than 850 m and temperatures of more than 1.4°C in Palmer Deep, and was not found in extensive surveys of the colder shelf at depths of 430–725 m. Where N. yaldwyni occurred, crab traces were abundant, megafaunal diversity reduced and echinoderms absent, suggesting that the crabs have major ecological impacts. Antarctic Peninsula shelf waters are warming at approximately 0.01°C yr−1; if N. yaldwyni is currently limited by cold temperatures, it could spread up onto the shelf (400–600 m depths) within 1–2 decades. The Palmer Deep N. yaldwyni population provides an important model for the potential invasive impacts of crushing predators on vulnerable Antarctic shelf ecosystems. PMID:21900324

  3. Did American social and economic events from 1865 to 1898 influence D.D. Palmer the chiropractor and entrepreneur?

    PubMed Central

    Batinić, Josip; Skowron, Mirek; Hammerich, Karin

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores how the social landscape of the latter half of the nineteenth century influenced D. D. Palmer and the many occupations he pursued. It focuses on the geographical area where D. D. lived from 1865 to 1898. This paper will show how the American social and economic events of the time provided favourable circumstances for D.D.’s entrepreneurial successes. PMID:23997248

  4. A large population of king crabs in Palmer Deep on the west Antarctic Peninsula shelf and potential invasive impacts.

    PubMed

    Smith, Craig R; Grange, Laura J; Honig, David L; Naudts, Lieven; Huber, Bruce; Guidi, Lionel; Domack, Eugene

    2012-03-07

    Lithodid crabs (and other skeleton-crushing predators) may have been excluded from cold Antarctic continental shelf waters for more than 14 Myr. The west Antarctic Peninsula shelf is warming rapidly and has been hypothesized to be soon invaded by lithodids. A remotely operated vehicle survey in Palmer Deep, a basin 120 km onto the Antarctic shelf, revealed a large, reproductive population of lithodids, providing the first evidence that king crabs have crossed the Antarctic shelf. DNA sequencing and morphology indicate the lithodid is Neolithodes yaldwyni Ahyong & Dawson, previously reported only from Ross Sea waters. We estimate a N. yaldwyni population density of 10 600 km(-2) and a population size of 1.55 × 10(6) in Palmer Deep, a density similar to lithodid populations of commercial interest around Alaska and South Georgia. The lithodid occurred at depths of more than 850 m and temperatures of more than 1.4°C in Palmer Deep, and was not found in extensive surveys of the colder shelf at depths of 430-725 m. Where N. yaldwyni occurred, crab traces were abundant, megafaunal diversity reduced and echinoderms absent, suggesting that the crabs have major ecological impacts. Antarctic Peninsula shelf waters are warming at approximately 0.01°C yr(-1); if N. yaldwyni is currently limited by cold temperatures, it could spread up onto the shelf (400-600 m depths) within 1-2 decades. The Palmer Deep N. yaldwyni population provides an important model for the potential invasive impacts of crushing predators on vulnerable Antarctic shelf ecosystems.

  5. The distribution of intra-genomically variable dinoflagellate symbionts at Lord Howe Island, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilkinson, Shaun P.; Pontasch, Stefanie; Fisher, Paul L.; Davy, Simon K.

    2016-06-01

    The symbiotic dinoflagellates of corals and other marine invertebrates ( Symbiodinium) are essential to the development of shallow-water coral reefs. This genus contains considerable genetic diversity and a corresponding range of physiological and ecological traits. Most genetic variation arises through the accumulation of somatic mutations that arise during asexual reproduction. Yet growing evidence suggests that occasional sexual reproductive events also occur within, and perhaps between, Symbiodinium lineages, further contributing to the pool of genetic variation available for evolutionary adaptation. Intra-genomic variation can therefore arise from both sexual and asexual reproductive processes, making it difficult to discern its underlying causes and consequences. We used quantitative PCR targeting the ITS2 locus to estimate proportions of genetically homogeneous symbionts and intra-genomically variable Symbiodinium (IGV Symbiodinium) in the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis at Lord Howe Island, Australia. We then sampled colonies through time and at a variety of spatial scales to find out whether the distribution of these symbionts followed patterns consistent with niche partitioning. Estimated ratios of homogeneous to IGV Symbiodinium varied between colonies within sites (metres to tens of metres) and between sites separated by hundreds to thousands of metres, but remained stable within colonies through time. Symbiont ratios followed a temperature gradient, with the local thermal maximum emerging as a negative predictor for the estimated proportional abundance of IGV Symbiodinium. While this pattern may result from fine-scale spatial population structure, it is consistent with an increased susceptibility to thermal stress, suggesting that the evolutionary processes that generate IGV (such as inter-lineage recombination and the accumulation of somatic mutations at the ITS2 locus) may have important implications for the fitness of the symbiont and

  6. UV climatology at Palmer Station, Antarctica, based on Version 2 NSF network data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernhard, Germar; Booth, Charles R.; Ehramjian, James C.

    2005-08-01

    Spectral ultraviolet (UV) and visible irradiance has been measured at Palmer Station, Antarctica, between 1988 and 2004 with a SUV-100 spectroradiometer. The instrument is part of the U.S. National Science Foundation's UV Monitoring Network. Here we present a UV climatology for Palmer Station based on the recently produced "Version 2" data edition. This data set will supersede the original release "Version 0". Corrections applied to the new version increased biologically effective UV dose rates by 0-9%. Values of UV-A irradiance changed by -8% to +10%. A comparison with results of a radiative transfer model confirmed that measurements of different years are consistent to within +/-5%. Total ozone column was calculated from UV spectra and was found to agree with measurements of NASA's Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) installed on the Nimbus-7 satellite to within 1%. TOMS measurements on the Earth Probe satellite are 3% lower than SUV-100 data. Effective surface albedo was estimated from clear sky spectra. Between August and November, albedo typically ranges between 0.6 and 0.95. After melting of snow and sea ice, albedo varies between 0.3 and 0.5. Biologically effective UV radiation is largest in November and December when low total ozone amounts coincide with relatively small solar zenith angles (SZA). During these months, the noon-time UV Index typically varies between 4 and 7, but UV indices as high as 14.8 have been observed. The largest erythemal daily dose of 8.8 kJ/m2 was measured on 11/10/97 and 12/7/98. Linear regression analyses did not indicate statistically significant trends in UV or visible radiation, with the exception of February when small downward trends with statistical significance were observed. On average, clouds reduce UV irradiance at 345 nm between 28% (October and November) and 42% (February) compared to clear sky levels. In extreme cases, reductions by clouds can be as high as 90%. Between September and November, the variability

  7. Comparing photosynthetic characteristics of Isoetes sinensis Palmer under submerged and terrestrial conditions

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Tao; Liu, Xing

    2015-01-01

    Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is widespread in terrestrial and aquatic species, plastic in response to environmental changes. Isoetes L. is one of the earliest basal vascular plants and CAM is popular in this genus. Isoetes sinensis Palmer is an amphibious species, alternating frequently between terrestrial and aquatic environments. Given this, we investigated and compared photosynthetic characteristics over a diurnal cycle under submerged condition (SC) and terrestrial condition (TC). The results suggest that I. sinensis possesses a stronger CAM capacity under SC. Compared with under TC, titratable acidity levels and organic acid concentrations were more enriched under SC, whereas soluble sugar or starch and protein levels were lower under SC. Transcript analyses for nine photosynthetic genes revealed that CAM-associated genes possessed high transcripts under SC, but C3-related transcripts were highly expressed under TC. In addition, the enzyme activity measurements demonstrated that PEPC activity over a diurnal cycle was slightly higher under SC, whereas Rubisco activity during the daytime was greater under TC. This comprehensive study probably facilitates general understandings about the CAM photosynthetic characteristics of Isoetes in response to the environmental changes. PMID:26634994

  8. Resistance to PPO‐inhibiting herbicide in Palmer amaranth from Arkansas

    PubMed Central

    Salas, Reiofeli A; Tranel, Patrick J; Singh, Shilpa; Glasgow, Les; Scott, Robert C; Nichols, Robert L

    2016-01-01

    Abstract BACKGROUND The widespread occurrence of ALS inhibitor‐ and glyphosate‐resistant Amaranthus palmeri has led to increasing use of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO)‐inhibiting herbicides in cotton and soybean. Studies were conducted to confirm resistance to fomesafen (a PPO inhibitor), determine the resistance frequency, examine the resistance profile to other foliar‐applied herbicides and investigate the resistance mechanism of resistant plants in a population collected in 2011 (AR11‐LAW B) and its progenies from two cycles of fomesafen selection (C1 and C2). RESULTS The frequency of fomesafen‐resistant plants increased from 5% in the original AR11‐LAW‐B to 17% in the C2 population. The amounts of fomesafen that caused 50% growth reduction were 6‐, 13‐ and 21‐fold greater in AR11‐LAW‐B, C1 and C2 populations, respectively, than in the sensitive ecotype. The AR11‐LAW‐B population was sensitive to atrazine, dicamba, glufosinate, glyphosate and mesotrione but resistant to ALS‐inhibiting herbicides pyrithiobac and trifloxysulfuron. Fomesafen survivors from C1 and C2 populations tested positive for the PPO glycine 210 deletion previously reported in waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus). CONCLUSION These studies confirmed that Palmer amaranth in Arkansas has evolved resistance to foliar‐applied PPO‐inhibiting herbicide. © 2016 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:26817647

  9. Classification of ulnar triangular fibrocartilage complex tears. A treatment algorithm for Palmer type IB tears.

    PubMed

    Atzei, A; Luchetti, R; Garagnani, L

    2017-01-01

    The classical definition of 'Palmer Type IB' triangular fibrocartilage complex tear, includes a spectrum of clinical conditions. This review highlights the clinical and arthroscopic criteria that enable us to categorize five classes on a treatment-oriented classification system of triangular fibrocartilage complex peripheral tears. Class 1 lesions represent isolated tears of the distal triangular fibrocartilage complex without distal radio-ulnar joint instability and are amenable to arthroscopic suture. Class 2 tears include rupture of both the distal triangular fibrocartilage complex and proximal attachments of the triangular fibrocartilage complex to the fovea. Class 3 tears constitute isolated ruptures of the proximal attachment of the triangular fibrocartilage complex to the fovea; they are not visible at radio-carpal arthroscopy. Both Class 2 and Class 3 tears are diagnosed with a positive hook test and are typically associated with distal radio-ulnar joint instability. If required, treatment is through reattachment of the distal radio-ulnar ligament insertions to the fovea. Class 4 lesions are irreparable tears due to the size of the defect or to poor tissue quality and, if required, treatment is through distal radio-ulnar ligament reconstruction with tendon graft. Class 5 tears are associated with distal radio-ulnar joint arthritis and can only be treated with salvage procedures. This subdivision of type IB triangular fibrocartilage complex tear provides more insights in the pathomechanics and treatment strategies.

  10. Joint spatiotemporal variability of global sea surface temperatures and global Palmer drought severity index values

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Apipattanavis, S.; McCabe, G.J.; Rajagopalan, B.; Gangopadhyay, S.

    2009-01-01

    Dominant modes of individual and joint variability in global sea surface temperatures (SST) and global Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) values for the twentieth century are identified through a multivariate frequency domain singular value decomposition. This analysis indicates that a secular trend and variability related to the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are the dominant modes of variance shared among the global datasets. For the SST data the secular trend corresponds to a positive trend in Indian Ocean and South Atlantic SSTs, and a negative trend in North Pacific and North Atlantic SSTs. The ENSO reconstruction shows a strong signal in the tropical Pacific, North Pacific, and Indian Ocean regions. For the PDSI data, the secular trend reconstruction shows high amplitudes over central Africa including the Sahel, whereas the regions with strong ENSO amplitudes in PDSI are the southwestern and northwestern United States, South Africa, northeastern Brazil, central Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and Australia. An additional significant frequency, multidecadal variability, is identified for the Northern Hemisphere. This multidecadal frequency appears to be related to the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO). The multidecadal frequency is statistically significant in the Northern Hemisphere SST data, but is statistically nonsignificant in the PDSI data.

  11. EDITORIAL: Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferry, David

    2009-01-01

    It is with a great deal of both happiness and sadness that I have to announce that we are losing one of the real strengths of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (JPCM). Dr Richard Palmer, our Senior Publisher, announced his retirement, and this issue marks the first without his involvement. Of course, we are happy that he will get to enjoy his retirement, but we are sad to lose such a valuable member of our team. Richard first started work at IOP Publishing in March 1971 as an Editorial Assistant with Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics. After a few months, he transferred to Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics. During his first year, he was sent on a residential publishing training course and asked to sign an undertaking to stay at IOP Publishing for at least two years. Although Richard refused to sign, as he did not want to commit himself, he has remained with the journal since then. The following year, the Assistant Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Malcolm Haines, walked out without notice in order to work on his family vineyard in France, and Richard stepped into the breach. In those days, external editors had a much more hands-on role in IOP Publishing and he had to travel to Harwell to be interviewed by Alan Lidiard, the Honorary Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, before being given the job of Assistant Editor permanently. I am told that in those days the job consisted mainly of editing and proofreading and peer review. There was no journal development work. At some point in the early 1980s, production and peer review were split into separate departments and Richard then headed a group of journals consisting of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics and Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics, Semiconductor Science and Technology, Superconductor Science and Technology, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, and later Nanotechnology and Modelling and Simulation

  12. The Duchess of Kingston's Case, the ruling of Lord Mansfield and duty of medical confidentiality in court.

    PubMed

    Mendelson, Danuta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that the ruling commonly cited as the original precedent(1) for the doctrine that, at common law, medical practitioners' duty of confidentiality to their patients does not apply to court testimony,(2) did not, in fact, establish any such theory. The ruling by Lord Mansfield was made in the context of cross-examination by the Crown of a medical witness in the course of the trial of the Duchess of Kingston (Duchess of Kingston's Case (1776) 20 Howell's State Trials 355; [1775-1802] All ER Rep 623; [1776] 1 Leach 146), and this article will look briefly at: (1) the fascinating life of Elizabeth Chudleigh, the Dowager Duchess of Kingston, and the main events that led to her trial for bigamy; (2) the cross-examination of Caesar Hawkins and the different perceptions of the scope of confidentiality held by 18th century lawyers on the one hand and medical practitioners on the other; (3) Lord Mansfield's ruling that witnesses cannot withhold from the court facts which the law considers to be in the public domain; (4) the subsequent wide interpretation, usually as judicial obiter dicta, of its final paragraph during the 19th century, including early jurisprudential responses to the principle of medical confidentiality; and (5) the influence of John Henry Wigmore's opposition to patients' evidentiary privilege at common law during the twentieth century.

  13. Evaluation of Soil Moisture and Palmer Drought Severity Index in Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossato, L.

    2015-12-01

    Soil moisture is one of the main factors for the study of drought, climate and vegetation. In the case of drought, this is a regional phenomenon and affects food security more than any other natural disaster. Therefore, monitoring of different types of drought has been based on indexes that standardize on temporal and spatial scales. Currently, the monitoring of different types of drought is based on indexes that attempt to encapsulate on temporal and regional levels allowing thereby the comparison of water conditions in different areas. Therefore, in order to assess the impact of soil moisture during periods of drought, the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) was estimated for the entire Brazilian territory, using meteorological (precipitation and evapotranspiration) and soil (field capacity, permanent wilting point and water storage in the soil) data. The data field capacity and permanent wilting point were obtained from the physical properties of the soil, while the water storage in the soil was calculated considering the water balance model. Analyses were made for the years 2000 through 2014, which includes periods with and without occurrence of drought, respectively. The results showed that the PDSI had higher negative indices for the years 2003, 2012, 2013 and 2014 in Brazil's Northeast region, and this region was strongly affected by drought during those years. These indices can serve as a basis for assessing future drought projections, considering different scenarios. The results also show that soil moisture constitutes one of the limiting factors for obtaining high agricultural productivity, in order to reduce the effects caused by drought. Therefore, these indices can serve as a basis for assessing future drought projections, considering different scenarios. It would be desirable to assist decision makers in action plans with more effective strategies, allowing farmers to live with drought without losing their livelihood.

  14. Evaluation of soil moisture and Palmer Drought Severity Index in Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossato, Luciana; Antônio Marengo, José; Bassi Marinho Pires, Luciana

    2016-04-01

    Soil moisture is one of the main factors for the study of drought, climate and vegetation. In the case of drought, this is a regional phenomenon and affects food security more than any other natural disaster. Therefore, monitoring of different types of drought has been based on indexes that standardize on temporal and spatial scales. Currently, the monitoring of different types of drought is based on indexes that attempt to encapsulate on temporal and regional levels allowing thereby the comparison of water conditions in different areas. Therefore, in order to assess the impact of soil moisture during periods of drought, the Palmer Drought Severity Index was estimated for the entire Brazilian territory, using meteorological (precipitation and evapotranspiration) and soil (field capacity, permanent wilting point and water storage in the soil) data. The data field capacity and permanent wilting point were obtained from the physical properties of the soil, while the water storage in the soil was calculated considering the water balance model. Analyses were made for the years 2000 through 2014, which includes periods with and without occurrence of drought, respectively. The results showed that the PDSI had higher negative indices for the years 2003 and 2012 in Brazil's Northeast region, and this region was strongly affected by drought during those years. These indices can serve as a basis for assessing future drought projections, considering different scenarios. The results also show that soil moisture constitutes one of the limiting factors for obtaining high agricultural productivity, in order to reduce the effects caused by drought. Therefore, these indices can serve as a basis for assessing future drought projections, considering different scenarios. It would be desirable to assist decision makers in action plans with more effective strategies, allowing farmers to live with drought without losing their livelihood.

  15. Delineating depth to bedrock beneath shallow unconfined aquifers: a gravity transect across the Palmer River Basin.

    PubMed

    Bohidar, R N; Sullivan, J P; Hermance, J F

    2001-01-01

    In view of the increasing demand on ground water supplies in the northeastern United States, it is imperative to develop appropriate methods to geophysically characterize the most widely used sources of ground water in the region: shallow unconfined aquifers consisting of well-sorted, stratified glacial deposits laid down in bedrock valleys and channels. The gravity method, despite its proven value in delineating buried bedrock valleys elsewhere, is seldom used by geophysical contractors in this region. To demonstrate the method's effectiveness for evaluating such aquifers, a pilot study was undertaken in the Palmer River Basin in southeastern Massachusetts. Because bedrock is so shallow beneath this aquifer (maximum depth is 30 m), the depth-integrated mass deficiency of the overlying unconsolidated material was small, so that the observed gravity anomaly was on the order of 1 milligal (mGal) or less. Thus data uncertainties were significant. Moreover, unlike previous gravity studies elsewhere, we had no a priori information on the density of the sediment. Under such circumstances, it is essential to include model constraints and weighted least-squares in the inversion procedure. Among the model constraints were water table configuration, bedrock outcrops, and depth to bedrock from five water wells. Our procedure allowed us to delineate depth to bedrock along a 3.5 km profile with a confidence interval of 1.8 m at a nominal depth of 17 m. Moreover, we obtained a porosity estimate in the range of 39% to 44%. Thus the gravity method, with appropriate refinements, is an effective tool for the reconnaissance of shallow unconfined aquifers.

  16. Medical doctors as the captain of a ship: an analysis of medical students’ book reports on Joseph Conrad’s “Lord Jim”

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: In South Korean ferry disaster in 2014, the captain abandoned the ship with passengers including high school students still aboard. We noticed the resemblance of abandoning the ship with passengers still aboard the ferry (named the Sewol) and the ship Patna, which was full of pilgrims, in Joseph Conrad’s novel “Lord Jim.” The aim of this study is to see how medical students think about the role of a medical doctor as a captain of a ship by analyzing book reports on Conrad’s “Lord Jim.” Methods: Participants included 49 third-year medical students. Their book reports were analyzed. Results: If placed in the same situation as the character of Jim, 24 students of the 49 respondents answered that they would stay with the passengers, while 18 students indicated they would escape from the ship with the crew. Most of the students thought the role of a doctor in the medical field was like that of a ‘captain.’ The medical students reported that they wanted to be a doctor who is responsible for his or her patients, highly moral, warm-hearted, honest, and with high self-esteem. Conclusion: In conclusion, we found that “Lord Jim” induced the virtue of ‘responsibility’ from the medical students. Consequently, “Lord Jim” could be good teaching material for medical humanities. PMID:25417908

  17. Generalization of the Lord-Wingersky Algorithm to Computing the Distribution of Summed Test Scores Based on Real-Number Item Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Seonghoon

    2013-01-01

    With known item response theory (IRT) item parameters, Lord and Wingersky provided a recursive algorithm for computing the conditional frequency distribution of number-correct test scores, given proficiency. This article presents a generalized algorithm for computing the conditional distribution of summed test scores involving real-number item…

  18. Lord-Wingersky Algorithm Version 2.0 for Hierarchical Item Factor Models with Applications in Test Scoring, Scale Alignment, and Model Fit Testing. CRESST Report 830

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cai, Li

    2013-01-01

    Lord and Wingersky's (1984) recursive algorithm for creating summed score based likelihoods and posteriors has a proven track record in unidimensional item response theory (IRT) applications. Extending the recursive algorithm to handle multidimensionality is relatively simple, especially with fixed quadrature because the recursions can be defined…

  19. Gunfight at the NOT OK Corral: Reply to “High Noon for Microfinance” by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones (Uncut version)

    PubMed Central

    Pitt, Mark M.

    2013-01-01

    The paper “High Noon for Microfinance Impact Evaluations” by Duvendack and Palmer-Jones replicates the papers of Chemin (2008) and Pitt and Khandker (1998) that estimate the impact of microfinance in Bangladesh. My paper replicates the Duvendack and Palmer-Jones replication and finds so many serious errors in their code and misrepresentations of the methods described in their paper that I conclude that their results are spurious and provide no evidence about the validity of either the papers of Chemin or Pitt and Khandker or on the effectiveness of microfinance. PMID:24833807

  20. Lord Justice of Appeal John Fletcher Moulton and explosives production in World War I: ‘the mathematical mind triumphant’

    PubMed Central

    Van der Kloot, William

    2014-01-01

    At the end of November 1914 Lord Moulton (1844–1921) became the director of explosives production in the War Office. A 70-year-old jurist may seem an extraordinary choice, but he was an extraordinary man. He was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge, was elected to the Royal Society for research on electricity, and learned about chemistry as a barrister for dye and explosives manufacturers. He assembled an able team of administrators and chemists who designed and managed mammoth new national explosives factories. They could not make enough TNT and picric acid from obtainable precursors, so Moulton persuaded the reluctant armed services to adopt mixtures of TNT and ammonium nitrate, which enabled them to make even more than was needed. In mid-1915 they moved to the new Ministry of Munitions, where they also became responsible for fertilizers and poison gases. In 1917 they produced explosives at a higher rate than was attained in World War II. PMID:24921109

  1. Lord Justice of Appeal John Fletcher Moulton and explosives production in World War I: 'the mathematical mind triumphant'.

    PubMed

    Van der Kloot, William

    2014-06-20

    At the end of November 1914 Lord Moulton (1844-1921) became the director of explosives production in the War Office. A 70-year-old jurist may seem an extraordinary choice, but he was an extraordinary man. He was Senior Wrangler at Cambridge, was elected to the Royal Society for research on electricity, and learned about chemistry as a barrister for dye and explosives manufacturers. He assembled an able team of administrators and chemists who designed and managed mammoth new national explosives factories. They could not make enough TNT and picric acid from obtainable precursors, so Moulton persuaded the reluctant armed services to adopt mixtures of TNT and ammonium nitrate, which enabled them to make even more than was needed. In mid-1915 they moved to the new Ministry of Munitions, where they also became responsible for fertilizers and poison gases. In 1917 they produced explosives at a higher rate than was attained in World War II.

  2. Warts and All: Personal Reflections on Social Justice in Counseling Psychology. Reply to Kiselica, Palmer, Thompson and Shermis, and Watts. Rejoinder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Lisa A.; Liang, Belle; Weintraub, Sarah R.; Helms, Janet E.; Latta, Rachel E.

    2004-01-01

    In their comments regarding Goodman, Liang, Helms, Latta, Sparks, and Weintraub's article "Training Counseling Psychologists as Social Justice Agents: Feminist and Multicultural Principles in Action," Kiselica, Palmer, Thompson and Shermis, and Watts offered a number of useful suggestions for elaborating on social justice theory,…

  3. Glyphosate-resistant and glyphosate-susceptible Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S Wats.): hyperspectral reflectance properties of plants and potential for classification

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    BACKGROUND: Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.) is a troublesome agronomic weed in the southern United States, and several populations have evolved resistance to glyphosate. This paper reports spectral signatures of glyphosate-resistant (GR) and glyphosate-sensitive (GS) plants, and explor...

  4. High residue cover crops alone or with strategic tillage to manage glyphosate-resistant palmer amaranth (amaranthus palmeri) in Southeastern cotton (gossypium hirsutum)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate-resistant (GR) Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats) is redefining row crop weed management in the Southeast due to its widespread distribution, high competitive ability, copious seed production, and resilience to standard weed management programs. Herbicides alone are failing to p...

  5. Use and Misuse of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) Guidelines to Assess Research Findings: Comment on Coyne, Stefanek, and Palmer (2007)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraemer, Helena C.; Kuchler, Thomas; Spiegel, David

    2009-01-01

    Comments on the article titled Psychotherapy and survival in cancer: The conflict between hope and evidence by J. C. Coyne, M. Stefanek, and S. C. Palmer. The basic principles underlying randomized clinical trials have been known for more than 50 years. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines, published in 1996 and…

  6. Characteristics and trends in various forms of the Palmer Drought Severity Index during 1900-2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dai, Aiguo

    2011-06-01

    The Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) has been widely used to study aridity changes in modern and past climates. Efforts to address its major problems have led to new variants of the PDSI, such as the self-calibrating PDSI (sc_PDSI) and PDSI using improved formulations for potential evapotranspiration (PE), such as the Penman-Monteith equation (PE_pm) instead of the Thornthwaite equation (PE_th). Here I compare and evaluate four forms of the PDSI, namely, the PDSI with PE_th (PDSI_th) and PE_pm (PDSI_pm) and the sc_PDSI with PE_th (sc_PDSI_th) and PE_pm (sc_PDSI_pm) calculated using available climate data from 1850 to 2008. Our results confirm previous findings that the choice of the PE only has small effects on both the PDSI and sc_PDSI for the 20th century climate, and the self-calibration reduces the value range slightly and makes the sc_PDSI more comparable spatially than the original PDSI. However, the histograms of the sc_PDSI are still non-Gaussian at many locations, and all four forms of the PDSI show similar correlations with observed monthly soil moisture (r = 0.4-0.8) in North America and Eurasia, with historical yearly streamflow data (r = 0.4-0.9) over most of the world's largest river basins, and with GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) satellite-observed water storage changes (r = 0.4-0.8) over most land areas. All the four forms of the PDSI show widespread drying over Africa, East and South Asia, and other areas from 1950 to 2008, and most of this drying is due to recent warming. The global percentage of dry areas has increased by about 1.74% (of global land area) per decade from 1950 to 2008. The use of the Penman-Monteith PE and self-calibrating PDSI only slightly reduces the drying trend seen in the original PDSI. The percentages of dry and wet areas over the global land area and six select regions are anticorrelated (r = -0.5 to -0.7), but their long-term trends during the 20th century do not cancel each other, with the trend for

  7. Multi-GCM Projections of Global Drought Conditions With Use of the Palmer Drought Indices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dubrovsky, M.; Svoboda, M.; Trnka, M.; Hayes, M.; Wilhite, D.; Zalud, Z.

    2007-12-01

    We use two Palmer Drought Indices (the PDSI and Z-index) to assess the drought conditions in future climates as projected by seven Global Climate Models (GCMs). Both indices are based on precipitation and temperature data (this makes them more suitable for climate change impact studies compared to the Standardized Precipitation Index, which is based only on precipitation) and the available water content of the soil. In contrast to the PDSI, the Z-index does not account for any persistence within the climate; rather, it characterizes the immediate (for a given week or month) conditions. The indices are calculated by computer programs available from the National Drought Mitigation Center and the Computer Science and Engineering Department, both located at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. To allow for the assessment of climate change impacts, we modified the original computer code: the indices (which we named "relative" drought indices) are now calibrated using the present climate weather series and then applied to the future climate weather series. The resultant time series thus displays the drought conditions in terms of the present climate. The relative drought indices are applied to gridded (whole globe) GCM-simulated surface monthly weather series (available from the IPCC database), and the available water content is based on soil- texture-based water holding capacity global data developed by Webb et al. (1993, Global Biogeochem. Cycles 7: 97-108). The indices are calibrated with 1991-2020 period (considered to be the present climate) and then applied to two future periods: 2031-2060 and 2060-2099. To quantify impacts of climate change on the drought conditions, we analyze shifts in the grid-specific means of the drought indices and in the frequency of months belonging to drought spells. The drought spell is defined here as continuous periods in which the index does not exceed -1, and falls below -3 for at least one month. Results obtained by single GCMs

  8. Exploring the Components of the Palmer Drought Indices Using the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River Basin as a Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perrone, D.; Duncan, L. L.; Jacobi, J. H.; Hornberger, G.

    2012-12-01

    Water resources are vital to sustaining ecosystem services, energy and food supplies, and industrial processes. Competition for water resources is likely to intensify as the population increases, economy grows, and land develops. Drought events intensify water scarcity, and recent events in many countries, including the United States (US), Great Britain, and Sri Lanka, highlight how important it is to provide meaningful context to water planners and managers. Palmer's drought indices - Z Index, Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), and Palmer Hydrological Drought Index (PHDI) - are widely used and accepted by scientists and policy makers in the US to understand drought and manage water resources. Drought index values at the climate division scale are available, but a transparent calculation tool at multiple spatial and temporal scales is not readily available. Moreover, a close look at the development of the indices reveals a number of subjective calculation methods and regionally biased factors. For researchers studying areas with overlapping climate divisions, performing international research, or working with limited, site-specific data, the ability to control and modify calculations is desired. This research presents a transparent tool for calculating Palmer's drought indices. We use the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River Basin, located in the southeastern US, as our case study to explore and evaluate the sensitivity of Palmer's indices to temperature and precipitation anomalies, calibration periods, and other index components. The ACF has suffered two major droughts (2007 and 2012) in the past five years and supports multiple demand-side sectors - agriculture in Georgia, public and recreational supply for the Atlanta metropolitan area, hydroelectric power in Alabama, tri-state navigation, and ecosystem services. We show how the PDSI varies in response to changes in precipitation, calibration period, and a number of other variables. The aim of the

  9. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 1): PSC Resources Site, Palmer, MA. (First remedial action), September 1992. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-09-15

    The 21.5-acre PSC Resources site is a former waste oil and solvent reclamation facility located in Palmer, Hampden County, Massachusetts. Since 1898, there have been several owners of the PSC property, most involved in oil industry functions. In 1974, PSC Resources, Inc., purchased the property to operate an oil storage and processing facility, and in 1976, the company name was changed to Ag-Met Oil Services, Inc. The company began accepting solvents and lacquers for collection and disposal. The ROD addresses the final remedy for the site, which includes both source control and management of migration components. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, debris, ground water, and surface water are VOCs, including benzene, PCE, and TCE; other organics, including PAHs and PCBs; and metals, including arsenic and lead.

  10. Physiological and Molecular Mechanisms of Differential Sensitivity of Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) to Mesotrione at Varying Growth Temperatures

    PubMed Central

    Godar, Amar S.; Varanasi, Vijaya K.; Nakka, Sridevi; Prasad, P. V. Vara; Thompson, Curtis R.; Mithila, J.

    2015-01-01

    Herbicide efficacy is known to be influenced by temperature, however, underlying mechanism(s) are poorly understood. A marked alteration in mesotrione [a 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) inhibitor] efficacy on Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson) was observed when grown under low- (LT, 25/15°C, day/night temperatures) and high (HT, 40/30°C) temperature compared to optimum (OT, 32.5/22.5°C) temperature. Based on plant height, injury, and mortality, Palmer amaranth was more sensitive to mesotrione at LT and less sensitive at HT compared to OT (ED50 for mortality; 18.5, 52.3, and 63.7 g ai ha-1, respectively). Similar responses were observed for leaf chlorophyll index and photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm). Furthermore, mesotrione translocation and metabolism, and HPPD expression data strongly supported such variation. Relatively more mesotrione was translocated to meristematic regions at LT or OT than at HT. Based on T50 values (time required to metabolize 50% of the 14C mesotrione), plants at HT metabolized mesotrione faster than those at LT or OT (T50; 13, 21, and 16.5 h, respectively). The relative HPPD:CPS (carbamoyl phosphate synthetase) or HPPD:β-tubulin expression in mesotrione-treated plants increased over time in all temperature regimes; however, at 48 HAT, the HPPD:β-tubulin expression was exceedingly higher at HT compared to LT or OT (18.4-, 3.1-, and 3.5-fold relative to untreated plants, respectively). These findings together with an integrated understanding of other interacting key environmental factors will have important implications for a predictable approach for effective weed management. PMID:25992558

  11. Composition, distribution and regional affinities of the deepwater ichthyofauna of the Lord Howe Rise and Norfolk Ridge, south-west Pacific Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zintzen, Vincent; Roberts, Clive D.; Clark, Malcolm R.; Williams, Alan; Althaus, Franziska; Last, Peter R.

    2011-04-01

    Fishes were collected from seamounts and insular slopes of the northern Tasman and southern Coral Seas in the environs of the Reinga Ridge, Norfolk Ridge and Lord Howe Rise, at depths ranging from 49 to 1927 m. A total of 348 demersal fish species in 99 families, which were collected from 135 samples taken with a variety of sampling gear, greatly improved taxonomic knowledge of this poorly known area. Twenty five percent of the fish sampled are considered to be potentially new species. Relatively high levels of regional endemicity and diversity are attributed to geological history, and the complexity of contemporary climatology, hydrography and habitat diversity of the region. Fish assemblages were highly structured by depth, but across regions, deep-water fish faunas showed stronger taxonomic affinities than shallower faunas. Although less pronounced, spatial differences pointed towards distinct faunas between the southern and northern parts of the area. The distribution patterns and affinities to regions adjacent to the survey area indicate that (1) the fish fauna on the Lord Howe Rise near Lord Howe Island and further north is distinct from the rest of the survey regions, and exhibits eastern Australian and northern (Coral Sea) affinities, (2) the Northern Norfolk Ridge fauna is distinct from the other regions and has strong affinities with New Caledonia, (3) fishes on the Southern Norfolk Ridge, Western Norfolk Ridge and Lord Howe Plateau have more shared species compared to the other regions indicating a high level of connectedness and affinities with New Zealand fauna, and (4) some species have a wide distribution along the Norfolk Ridge providing a possible deepwater pathway between New Caledonia and New Zealand. Survey data is also useful for assessing the regions' conservation values by identifying rare or unusual components of the fauna, those with very limited distributions, those with low productivity that may be vulnerable to human disturbance (fishing

  12. Myth, Song, and Music Education: The Case of Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" and Swann's "The Road Goes Ever On"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorgensen, Estelle R.

    2006-01-01

    In this article I explore how myth and song intersect in J. R. R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy--"The Fellowship of the Ring," "The Two Towers," and "The Return of the King"--and Donald Swann's song cycle setting of Tolkien texts, "The Road Goes Ever On." In so doing I am drawn back to Tolkien's "The Hobbit," the novel from which "The…

  13. Systematic and biogeographic review of the Staphylinini rove beetles of Lord Howe Island with description of new species and taxonomic changes (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae).

    PubMed

    Shaw, Josh Jenkins; Solodovnikov, Alexey

    2016-01-01

    Lord Howe is an oceanic and relatively young island situated in an area of complex geological and therefore biogeographical processes. The island boasts a large number of endemic species, including many beetles, however, few groups are in an adequate state of systematic knowledge for biogeographic investigation. Recent advances in the systematics of the hyper-diverse rove beetle tribe Staphylinini on a global scale enable us to implement taxonomic changes for species from Lord Howe Island. With the improved systematics we are able to make more accurate biogeographic conclusions and set a framework for further more in-depth exploration of this unique island using rove beetles. Two new species are described: Cheilocolpus olliffisp. n. and Quediopsis howensissp. n. Taxonomic changes for the tribe are implemented resulting in the following new combinations: Cheilocolpus castaneus (Lea, 1925), comb. n., Cheilocolpus kentiae (Lea, 1925), comb. n., Ctenandropus mirus (Lea, 1925), comb. n., and Hesperus dolichoderes (Lea, 1925), comb. n. With the updated state of knowledge, the Staphylinini fauna of Lord Howe Island appears to be mainly derived from lineages on mainland Australia.

  14. Systematic and biogeographic review of the Staphylinini rove beetles of Lord Howe Island with description of new species and taxonomic changes (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae)

    PubMed Central

    Shaw, Josh Jenkins; Solodovnikov, Alexey

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Lord Howe is an oceanic and relatively young island situated in an area of complex geological and therefore biogeographical processes. The island boasts a large number of endemic species, including many beetles, however, few groups are in an adequate state of systematic knowledge for biogeographic investigation. Recent advances in the systematics of the hyper-diverse rove beetle tribe Staphylinini on a global scale enable us to implement taxonomic changes for species from Lord Howe Island. With the improved systematics we are able to make more accurate biogeographic conclusions and set a framework for further more in-depth exploration of this unique island using rove beetles. Two new species are described: Cheilocolpus olliffi sp. n. and Quediopsis howensis sp. n. Taxonomic changes for the tribe are implemented resulting in the following new combinations: Cheilocolpus castaneus (Lea, 1925), comb. n., Cheilocolpus kentiae (Lea, 1925), comb. n., Ctenandropus mirus (Lea, 1925), comb. n., and Hesperus dolichoderes (Lea, 1925), comb. n. With the updated state of knowledge, the Staphylinini fauna of Lord Howe Island appears to be mainly derived from lineages on mainland Australia. PMID:28174494

  15. Two little-known nineteenth century collectors: Dr Thomas Dowler and John Keast Lord, Esq., F.Z.S.

    PubMed

    Baker, D B

    1996-10-01

    Neither Dowler nor Lord seems personally to have left any record in the entomological literature, but both made or obtained significant collections of insects in areas which at the time, and for a considerable period subsequently, were entomological terrae incognitae. Their collections were drawn on extensively by contemporary describers, for example, by Frederick Smith and Francis Walker, and what remains of their material is concentrated in the collections of The Natural History Museum, London. There is no entry for Dowler in D.N.B., and no entries for either in Horn and Kahle (1935-37), Gilbert (1977) or Horn, Kahle, Friese and Gaedike (1990), and an appeal for information published in Newsletter 51 (January 1995) of the Society for the History of Natural History elicited no response. The present note, which is written with particular reference to their Hymenoptera, is published with the intention of drawing attention to their material and in the hope that the wider circulation of the Archives may bring further biographical detail to light.

  16. How mothers mediate the social integration of their children conceived of forced marriage within the Lord's Resistance Army.

    PubMed

    Shanahan, Fiona; Veale, Angela

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to understand how formerly abducted young mothers mediate the social integration of their children conceived of forced marriage and sexual violence within the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda. Interviews and photographic methods were used in six Internally Displaced Persons Camps in northern Uganda. This article draws on data derived from ten mothers of thirteen children who were conceived in the LRA, five boys and eight girls. The analytic approach used was Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2008). The analysis identified turning points of sites of action where young formerly abducted mothers used diverse strategies to support the reintegration of their children born or conceived within the LRA. Six key turning points are identified, these are (a) participating in rituals and ceremonies, (b) naming, (c) adapting to changing family structures, (d) responding to discrimination against boys (e) managing disclosure and (f) sharing positive memories and identities. Formerly abducted young mothers mediate the social integration of their children by engaging in strategies to support and foster their wellbeing and social relationships. However, the contexts in which they are operating are highly constrained and the relational identities of children born in the LRA are fluid and potentially insecure within communities of return. Implications for policy and programming are discussed.

  17. LORD: a phenotype-genotype semantically integrated biomedical data tool to support rare disease diagnosis coding in health information systems.

    PubMed

    Choquet, Remy; Maaroufi, Meriem; Fonjallaz, Yannick; de Carrara, Albane; Vandenbussche, Pierre-Yves; Dhombres, Ferdinand; Landais, Paul

    Characterizing a rare disease diagnosis for a given patient is often made through expert's networks. It is a complex task that could evolve over time depending on the natural history of the disease and the evolution of the scientific knowledge. Most rare diseases have genetic causes and recent improvements of sequencing techniques contribute to the discovery of many new diseases every year. Diagnosis coding in the rare disease field requires data from multiple knowledge bases to be aggregated in order to offer the clinician a global information space from possible diagnosis to clinical signs (phenotypes) and known genetic mutations (genotype). Nowadays, the major barrier to the coding activity is the lack of consolidation of such information scattered in different thesaurus such as Orphanet, OMIM or HPO. The Linking Open data for Rare Diseases (LORD) web portal we developed stands as the first attempt to fill this gap by offering an integrated view of 8,400 rare diseases linked to more than 14,500 signs and 3,270 genes. The application provides a browsing feature to navigate through the relationships between diseases, signs and genes, and some Application Programming Interfaces to help its integration in health information systems in routine.

  18. LORD: a phenotype-genotype semantically integrated biomedical data tool to support rare disease diagnosis coding in health information systems

    PubMed Central

    Choquet, Remy; Maaroufi, Meriem; Fonjallaz, Yannick; de Carrara, Albane; Vandenbussche, Pierre-Yves; Dhombres, Ferdinand; Landais, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Characterizing a rare disease diagnosis for a given patient is often made through expert’s networks. It is a complex task that could evolve over time depending on the natural history of the disease and the evolution of the scientific knowledge. Most rare diseases have genetic causes and recent improvements of sequencing techniques contribute to the discovery of many new diseases every year. Diagnosis coding in the rare disease field requires data from multiple knowledge bases to be aggregated in order to offer the clinician a global information space from possible diagnosis to clinical signs (phenotypes) and known genetic mutations (genotype). Nowadays, the major barrier to the coding activity is the lack of consolidation of such information scattered in different thesaurus such as Orphanet, OMIM or HPO. The Linking Open data for Rare Diseases (LORD) web portal we developed stands as the first attempt to fill this gap by offering an integrated view of 8,400 rare diseases linked to more than 14,500 signs and 3,270 genes. The application provides a browsing feature to navigate through the relationships between diseases, signs and genes, and some Application Programming Interfaces to help its integration in health information systems in routine. PMID:26958175

  19. The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings: a critical analysis of an informal education activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandrelli, S.

    2011-10-01

    "The Lord of Rings - the mysterious case of the stolen rings" is a live astronomical role-playing game for kids aged 10 -13 [1]. Its goal is to introduce them to some of the main topics of the Solar System: a) the role of gravity; b) the distribution of mass & light; c) the effects of rotation; d) the distribution of water. The game was held at several Science Festival in Italy (Perugia, Genova, Fiorano, Bologna) obtaining great success. Teams of about 6-8 members are introduced to Mr Schioppanelli, the astro-detective of the town (the name is a pun: it reminds Schiaparelli, the famous italian astronomer, and it is a slang expression meaning "ring-breaker"). Mr Schioppanelli has his office in an "gastronomical astronomical observatory", known as The Red Giant Pizzeria. Schioppanelli informs the kids that a mysterious Centaur succeded in stealing the rings of Saturn. The partecipants are appointed astro-detectives incharge and asked to find the rings by browsing around the Solar System, which is scaled so as to fit the town historical centre or a pedestrian area, going from the Sun to Saturn or beyond, depending on the actual area at disposal. Great care must be taken allowing children playing only in a car-free area of the town. At the right scaled distances, the partecipants meet characters playing as the various planets. The kids can talk to them after solving a riddle, obtaining useful informations. A special characters play as a comet, timely going in and out of the inner solar system. The teams can also talk to some shepherdmoons of the rings. They easily discover that the rings were totally destroyed by the Centaur: a real disaster! They are also suggested to gather the necessary ingredients (gravity, light, rotation, inclination, dust and water, represented by simple objects like apples, spinning tops and so on) to rebuild the rings. The kids can buy the ingredients from different planets: every planet has ingredients in quantities which are proportionate to

  20. The East Australian, Tasmantid, and Lord Howe Volcanic Chains: Possible mechanisms behind a trio of hotspot trails

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalnins, L. M.; Cohen, B. E.; Fitton, J. G.; Mark, D. F.; Richards, F. D.; Barfod, D. N.

    2015-12-01

    The east Australian and Tasman Sea region is home to a unique example of intraplate volcanism: three long-lived, sub-parallel volcanic chains spaced only about 500 km apart. Here we present new 40Ar/39Ar results from the centre chain, the Tasmantid Seamounts, and show that the chain is strongly age-progressive, with an excellent correspondence to the age of the continental East Australian Volcanic Chain to the west and to the more limited ages available for the Lord Howe Seamount Chain to the east. Results from the Louisiade Plateau at the northern end of the Tasmantid chain suggest that it is composed of basalts of the correct age to be a large igneous province formed by the impact of the Tasmantid plume head reaching the lithosphere. This record of relative movement between the plate and the magma source over the last 55 Ma shows two clear deflections from the overall linear trend, one at 26--23 Ma, also observed in the continental chain and linked with the Ontong-Java Plateau jamming the South Melanesian subduction zone, and another at 50--43 Ma, beyond the end of the continental record and contemporaneous with the Hawaiian-Emperor bend. How does such a unique trio of volcanic chains form? The clear age progression, long lifespan, and tie to the Louisiade Plateau are classic indicators of deep-seated plumes, but it is difficult to explain how three separate plumes could remain stable for over 30 Ma when separated by little more than the radii of the plume conduits. Here we examine alternative possible explanations for this volcanic pattern, including small plumes rising from a single deep-seated plume pooling at the 660 km discontinuity, a single plume splitting around a subducting slab fragment, and small-scale convection triggered by topography on the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary.

  1. Mesozoic diapirs at the eastern edge of Lord Howe Rise (southwest Pacific): ZoNéCo 5 cruiseMise en évidence de diapirs mésozoïques sur la bordure orientale de la ride de Lord Howe (Sud-Ouest Pacifique) : campagne ZoNéCo 5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Auzende, Jean-Marie; Beneton, Gérald; Dickens, Gerald; Exon, Neville; François, Caroline; Hodway, Dave; Juffroy, Fabien; Lafoy, Yves; Leroy, Alexandre; Van de Beuque, Sabrina; Voutay, Olivier

    2000-02-01

    The objective of the ZoNéCo 5 cruise on R/V L'Atalante was the bathymetrical and geological survey of the eastern edge of the Lord Howe Rise, a key structure between New Caledonia and the eastern margin of Australia. The acquired data better defines the relationships between the New Caledonia Basin and the Lord Howe Rise in an area which is the southern prolongation of the Fairway basin. This basin contains a thick sedimentary sequence ranging from Lower Cretaceous to the present day. This basin extends on more than 70 000 km 2. The main result of the cruise was the discovery of a Pre-Cretaceous or Cretaceous series including salt or mud diapirs. At about 600 m below the sea floor and coincident with the distribution of diapirs, an extensive BSR (Bottom Simulating Reflector) suggests the existence of a large gas hydrates deposit.

  2. Appraising Loftus and Palmer (1974) post-event information versus concurrent commentary in the context of sport.

    PubMed

    Goldschmied, Nadav; Sheptock, Mark; Kim, Kacey; Galily, Yair

    2016-10-13

    Two experiments were conducted to examine framing effects in sport. In Experiment 1, a conceptual replication [Loftus, E. F., & Palmer, J. C. (1974). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13(5), 585-589], participants watched a hockey collision, with the hit described later in a written format as a "contact", "bump", or "smash". This manipulation resulted in no differences in participants' report of how fast the players were skating, their intentions, and the outcome of the hit. In Experiment 2, participants watched the same video clip with ongoing commentary. Those who heard the announcer describing the event as "contact" estimated a higher skating speed than participants who were exposed to the "smash" commentary. Participants who were exposed to the "bump" commentary rated the repercussions of the collision as less severe than did those exposed to the other commentaries. These findings show that the perception of magnitude hierarchy may be domain specific and suggest future avenues for exploring framing effects when one is exposed to visual stimuli.

  3. Returning home: forced conscription, reintegration, and mental health status of former abductees of the Lord's Resistance Army in northern Uganda

    PubMed Central

    Pham, Phuong N; Vinck, Patrick; Stover, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Background Since the late 1980s, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), a spiritualist rebel group in northern Uganda, has killed and mutilated thousands of civilians and abducted an estimated 52,000 to 75,000 people to serve as soldiers, porters, and sex slaves for its commanders. This study examines the types of violence to which former abductees have been exposed and the extent to which these acts have affected their psychological well-being. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 2,875 individuals selected through a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling design conducted in 8 districts of northern Uganda. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed with symptoms for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression as the main outcome measures. Results One-third of the respondents (33%) self-reported having experienced abduction (49% among the Acholi, the largest tribal group in northern Uganda). Over half (56%) of all the respondents and over two-thirds of those who experienced abduction met the criteria for symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Multivariate analysis shows that several factors increased the risk of former LRA abductees developing symptoms of PTSD. These factors included gender (females were more susceptible than males), being a member of the Acholi ethnic group, participating in or witnessing a cumulative number of traumatic events, and encountering difficulties re-integrating into communities after abduction. Factors associated with increased risk of meeting criteria for symptoms of depression included older age of males at the time of abduction, lower score on social relationship scale, high incidence of general traumatic event exposure, high incidence of forced acts of violence, and problems reintegrating into communities after abduction. Conclusion Abduction and forced conscription of civilians has affected the psychological well-being of a significant number of northern Ugandans. The sources of psychological trauma

  4. Development of expressed sequence tag resources for Vanda Mimi Palmer and data mining for EST-SSR.

    PubMed

    Teh, Seow-Ling; Chan, Wai-Sun; Abdullah, Janna Ong; Namasivayam, Parameswari

    2011-08-01

    Vanda Mimi Palmer (VMP) is a highly sought as fragrant-orchid hybrid in Malaysia. It is economically important in cosmetic and beauty industries and also a famous potted ornamental plant. To date, no work on fragrance-related genes of vandaceous orchids has been reported from other research groups although the analysis of floral fragrance or volatiles have been extensively studied. An expressed sequence tag (EST) resource was developed for VMP principally to mine any potential fragrance-related expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) for future development as markers in the identification of fragrant vandaceous orchids endemic to Malaysia. Clustering, annotation and assembling of the ESTs identified 1,196 unigenes which defined 966 singletons and 230 contigs. The VMP dbEST was functionally classified by gene ontology (GO) into three groups: molecular functions (51.2%), cellular components (16.4%) and biological processes (24.6%) while the remaining 7.8% showed no hits with GO identifier. A total of 112 EST-SSR (9.4%) was mined on which at least five units of di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, or hexa-nucleotide repeats were predicted. The di-nucleotide motif repeats appeared to be the most frequent repeats among the detected SSRs with the AT/TA types as the most abundant among the dimerics, while AAG/TTC, AGA/TCT-type were the most frequent trimerics. The mined EST-SSR is believed to be useful in the development of EST-SSR markers that is applicable in the screening and characterization of fragrance-related transcripts in closely related species.

  5. The Lord of Uraniborg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thoren, Victor E.; Christianson, With contributions by John Robert

    2007-02-01

    Preface; 1. A noble humanist; 2. The new star; 3. Becoming a professional; 4. The first years on Hven: 1576-1579; 5. Urania's castle; 6. The flowering of Uraniborg; 7. First renovations: the solar theory; 8. The tychonic system of the world; 9. High tide: 1586-1591; 10. The theory of the motion of the moon; 11. The last years at Uraniborg; 12. Exile; 13. A home away from home?; Epilogue; Appendices; Author index; Subject index.

  6. Shiva, Lord of Bhang.

    PubMed

    Godlaski, Theodore M

    2012-08-01

    In India, Cannabis Indica has been used for literally thousands of years in the worship of the god Shiva. Cannabis is used in an orally administered form called bhang which can be either the wet resinous leaves formed into pills of a drink made of milk, cannabis, and various spices consumed by worshipers of Shiva on festival days or by smoking the flowering buds of cannabis-a practice generally reserved for holy men who dedicate their lives to ascetic practice and the worship of Shiva. This practice is codified in the Vedas as well as in legends about the origin of cannabis and its relationship to Shiva.

  7. Lord Kelvin, revolutionary scientist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saxon, David

    2009-01-01

    Born in Belfast in 1824, William Thomson was both the youngest (aged 10) and later the oldest (aged 75) student in the history of the University of Glasgow. In between, he was for 53 years Professor of Natural Philosophy there, refusing Cambridge University's Cavendish Chair of Experimental Physics on three occasions. He made a fortune, became Baron Kelvin of Largs in 1892, and was the dominant scientific figure of his age. He is buried in Westminster Abbey next to Isaac Newton; a nearby window pays tribute to him as "Engineer, Natural Philosopher". Yet today his achievements are largely unheralded and he is remembered mainly for his reactionary approach to the new physics of the last decade of his life.

  8. The Lord of Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaeffer, Brett

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author features Multi-Cultural Academy Charter School in Philadelphia, the only Philadelphia's charter high school that meets the adequate yearly progress testing benchmarks in 2003 as established by No Child Left Behind, and describes how the academy's headmaster and founder, Vuong Thuy, confronted criticisms from the…

  9. Atmospheric forcing of Holocene climate variability along the western Antarctic Peninsula: Novel insights from the TEX86 paleotemperature record of Palmer Deep

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shevenell, A.; Ingalls, A.; Domack, E.; Emerson, S.

    2006-12-01

    Warming of the atmosphere and oceans has been implicated in the recent disintegration of massive ice shelves, reduced sea ice extent, and shifting ecologic zones observed along the Antarctic Peninsula. To place this environmental variability within the context of long-term deglacial to Holocene (0-13,000 years) change, researchers have reconstructed the past Holocene climate state of the Antarctic Peninsula using proxy records from ice and sediment cores. While ice cores provide a detailed record of regional atmospheric temperature change, obtaining similar quality records of past ocean temperatures has proven difficult due to a dearth of calcium carbonate in Antarctic continental margin marine sediments. Because ocean temperatures likely play a significant role in Antarctic ice shelf/ice sheet stability and sea ice extent, robust geochemical records of past sea surface temperatures (SST) are critically required to more fully resolve mechanisms of Holocene climate and cryosphere change. Here we present a detailed TEX86 sea surface temperature (SST) record extracted from a well-dated hemipelagic sedimentary sequence drilled in Palmer Deep, on the western Antarctic Peninsula continental margin (ODP Hole 1098B; 1010 meters water depth). The recently developed TEX86 (TetraEther indeX of lipids with 86 carbon atoms) proxy is based on the distribution of sedimentary lipids originally produced by surface dwelling planktonic archaea and has been calibrated using core-top sediments from waters with temperatures between 0 and 30°C (current error estimate: ±2°C). To our knowledge, our Palmer Deep record is the first downcore TEX86 record produced in the polar regions and due to the small number of existing measurements at these cold temperatures, estimates of the error at this end of the calibration may continue to evolve. However, the appeal of employing TEX86 paleothermometry in Palmer Deep sediments is that TEX86 can be measured in carbonate-poor sediments and the ratio

  10. Moisture variability in the Danube lower basin: an analysis based on the Palmer drought indices and the solar/geomagnetic activity influence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mares, Ileana; Dobrica, Venera; Demetrescu, Crisan; Mares, Constantin

    2014-05-01

    For the Danube lower basin, 27 stations relatively evenly distributed in Romania, were considered. Based on average monthly temperatures, the total monthly rainfall and available water capacity (AWC), four indices Palmer PDSI, PHDI, WPLM, and ZIND, were calculated. The four indices Palmer have both common features and differences, but overall help us to analyze the variability of drought or excessive moisture for the area studied. Also, an index easier to estimate was calculated, which depends only on the temperatures and precipitation normalized (TPP). The analyzes were performed separately for each season from a 61-year period (1931-1998). For each of the four indices Palmer and for TPP index, decompositions in the empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) were carried out. For a feature overview of the state of drought or excessive moisture we achieved decompositions in the multivariate EOFs (MEOF) of the four indices Palmer. In all analyzes we used only the first temporal component, namely the principal component (PC1). Limits of variation of these indices, the change points which separating the dry periods and relatively wet periods and quasi-periodicities were highlighted for each season. We tested the influence of large-scale atmospheric circulation by means of pressure index, which we named Greenland Balkan Oscillation Index (GBOI), similar to the NAO index, but GBOI is more efficient for the studied area. The GBO index has a clear influence on the variation of drought indices in winter, especially for the overall index expressed by PC1-MEOF. Regarding the influence of other extra atmospheric factors on the occurrence dry periods or excessively wet periods, this influence has been tested considering the Wolf numbers and Kp index. From testing the influence of geomagnetic activity through the correlative analysis using Kp index, statistically significant results (95%) were obtained only for winter season for PC1-MEOF and PC1-TPP. Also, for winter, power spectra

  11. Spatiotemporal analysis of droughts using self-calibrating Palmer's Drought Severity Index in the central region of South Africa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edossa, Desalegn C.; Woyessa, Yali E.; Welderufael, Worku A.

    2016-11-01

    The loss of life and property from drought events has forced society to focus on the development of reliable early warning systems which may enable farmers and other stakeholders to correctly and timely adapt to the expected impacts of climatic hazard. However, a scientific approach to a reliable early warning system for a region requires, among others, characterisation of drought events in the region in terms of duration, magnitude, intensity and frequency using standard drought indices. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify and characterise drought events in the Modder River basin, central region of South Africa, using a self-calibrated Palmer's Drought Severity Index (sc-PDSI). Attempts were also made to establish a relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought events in the region. During the period of analysis, the total number of drought episodes identified in the study area ranged between eight and sixteen. It was found that the most severe drought episodes occurred during the period 1992-1995 followed by the period 1982-1987. Results of analysis of seasonal drought events in one of the quaternary catchments (C52A) revealed that peak drought events during the three summer months (November, December and January) occurred in the area in 1993. However, in terms of event magnitude and intensity, the worst drought events were recorded during the period December 1982-July 1987, followed by the event that ensued during December 1989-September 1995. Results of analysis of decadal variation of drought events showed that the number of extreme and moderate drought events recorded in the catchment showed statistically significant increasing trends during the five decades at 5 % significance level. Moreover, spectral analysis of sc-PDSI time series in the region identified periodicities in the time series ranging from 6 years (C52E) to 16 years (C52K). In terms of the spatial extent of extreme drought events, the maximum areal coverage (91

  12. PREFACE: Celebrating 20 years of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter—in honour of Richard Palmer Celebrating 20 years of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter—in honour of Richard Palmer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferry, David; Dowben, Peter; Inglesfield, John

    2009-11-01

    This year marks the 20th anniversary of the launch of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter in 1989. The journal was formed from the merger of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics and Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics which had separated in 1971. In the 20 years since its launch, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has more than doubled in size, while raising standards. Indeed, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter has become one of the leading scientific journals for our field. This could not have occurred without great leadership at the top. No one has been more responsible for this growth in both size and quality than our Senior Publisher, Richard Palmer. Richard first started work at IOP in March 1971 as an Editorial Assistant with J. Phys. B After a few months, he transferred to J. Phys.C The following year, the Assistant Editor of J. Phys. C, Malcolm Haines, left suddenly in order to work on his family vineyard in France, and Richard stepped into the breach. In those days, external editors had a much more hands-on role in IOP Publishing and he had to travel to Harwell to be interviewed by Alan Lidiard, the Honorary Editor of J. Phys. C, before being given the job of Assistant Editor permanently. Since J. Phys. C and J. Phys. F re-merged to form Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Richard gradually shed his other journal responsibilities, except for Reports on Progress in Physics, to build up Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. He has worked closely with four Editors-in-Chief of J. Phys. C and five of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. When Richard announced his retirement this past winter, we met it with a great deal of both happiness and sadness. Of course, we are happy that he is going to be allowed to enjoy his retirement, but we remain very sad to lose such a valuable member of our team, especially the one who had provided the heart and soul of the journal over its 20 years. We will be able to rely upon the team which Richard ably trained as

  13. An investigation of several aspects of LANDSAT-5 data quality. [Palmer County, Shelby, mt; White sands, NM; Great Salt Lake, UT; San Matted Bridge and Sacramento, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wrigley, R. C. (Principal Investigator)

    1984-01-01

    Band-to-band registration, geodetic registration, interdector noise, and the modulation transfer function (MTE) are discussed for the Palmer County; TX scene. Band combinations for several LANDSAT 4 and LANDSAT 5 scenes; the geodetic registration test for the Sacramento, CA area; periodic noise components in TM band 5; and grey level measurements by detector for Great Salt Lake (UT) dark water forescans and backscans are considered. Results of MTF analyses of the San Mateo Bridge and of TM high resolution and aerial Daedalus scanner imagery are consistent and appear to be repeatable. An oil-on-sand target was constructed on the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. The two-image analysis procedure used is summarized.

  14. Human-assisted invasions of pacific islands by litoria frogs: a case study of the bleating tree frog on Lord Howe Island.

    PubMed

    Plenderleith, T Lynette; Smith, Katie L; Donnellan, Stephen C; Reina, Richard D; Chapple, David G

    2015-01-01

    There are substantial differences among taxonomic groups in their capacity to reach remote oceanic islands via long-distance overwater dispersal from mainland regions. Due to their permeable skin and intolerance of saltwater, amphibians generally require human-assisted dispersal to reach oceanic islands. Several Litoria frog species have been introduced to remote islands throughout the Pacific Ocean region. Lord Howe Island (LHI) is an oceanic island that lies approximately 600 km east of the Australian mainland and has a diverse, endemic biota. The bleating tree frog (Litoria dentata) is native to mainland eastern Australia, but was accidentally introduced to LHI in the 1990s, yet its ecology and potential impact on LHI has remained unstudied. We used a mitochondrial phylogeographical approach to determine that L. dentata was introduced from the Ballina region in northeastern New South Wales. The founding population was likely accidentally introduced with cargo shipped from the mainland. We also completed the first detailed investigation of the distribution, ecology and habitat use of L. dentata on LHI. The species is widespread on LHI and is prevalent in human habitat, cattle pasture and undisturbed forest. We discuss the potential impact of introduced Litoria species on Pacific islands and outline what biosecurity protocols could be implemented to prevent the introduction of further amphibian species to the ecologically sensitive oceanic area.

  15. Human-Assisted Invasions of Pacific Islands by Litoria Frogs: A Case Study of the Bleating Tree Frog on Lord Howe Island

    PubMed Central

    Plenderleith, T. Lynette; Smith, Katie L.; Donnellan, Stephen C.; Reina, Richard D.; Chapple, David G.

    2015-01-01

    There are substantial differences among taxonomic groups in their capacity to reach remote oceanic islands via long-distance overwater dispersal from mainland regions. Due to their permeable skin and intolerance of saltwater, amphibians generally require human-assisted dispersal to reach oceanic islands. Several Litoria frog species have been introduced to remote islands throughout the Pacific Ocean region. Lord Howe Island (LHI) is an oceanic island that lies approximately 600 km east of the Australian mainland and has a diverse, endemic biota. The bleating tree frog (Litoria dentata) is native to mainland eastern Australia, but was accidentally introduced to LHI in the 1990s, yet its ecology and potential impact on LHI has remained unstudied. We used a mitochondrial phylogeographical approach to determine that L. dentata was introduced from the Ballina region in northeastern New South Wales. The founding population was likely accidentally introduced with cargo shipped from the mainland. We also completed the first detailed investigation of the distribution, ecology and habitat use of L. dentata on LHI. The species is widespread on LHI and is prevalent in human habitat, cattle pasture and undisturbed forest. We discuss the potential impact of introduced Litoria species on Pacific islands and outline what biosecurity protocols could be implemented to prevent the introduction of further amphibian species to the ecologically sensitive oceanic area. PMID:25962141

  16. Myth smashers, myth makers: (re)visionary techniques in the works of Paula Gunn Allen, Gloria Anzaldúa and Audre Lorde.

    PubMed

    Keating, A

    1993-01-01

    This paper examines the revisionist mythmaking strategies employed by three lesbian-feminist writers of color: Paula Gunn Allen (Laguna/Sioux/Lebanese/Scottish), Gloria Anzaldúa (Chicana tejana), and Audre Lorde (Caribbean/African/American). By incorporating creatrix figures such as the West African Mawulisa, the pre-Aztec Coatlicue, and the Laguna Pueblo Spider Old Woman/Thought Woman into their works, they challenge the cultural stereotypes that silence women of color by denying their access to language. Their use of nonwestern mythic material destabilizes monolithic definitions of (white heterosexual) female identity, yet their mythmaking goes beyond this challenge to hegemonic concepts of (white) womanhood. As they replace the Judeo-Christian world-view with modes of perception drawn from Native American, Chicana, and African mythic traditions, they offer a far-reaching critique of western culture's binary structures. By displacing the boundaries between inner/outer, subject/object, spirit/matter, and other dichotomous terms, the new myths they create provide radical alternatives to the existing social structures.

  17. Effect of stratospheric ozone depletion and enhanced ultraviolet radiation on marine bacteria at Palmer Station, Antarctica in the early austral spring.

    PubMed

    Pakulski, J Dean; Kase, Jason P; Meador, Jarah A; Jeffrey, Wade H

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the interactions between ozone-depleted air masses and subsequent changes in UVB on marine bacterial abundance and production at Palmer Station, Antarctica from September to November 1999. During periods of low total column ozone (TCO), bacterial cell concentrations declined by 57%. Photoinhibition of bacterial [(3)H]-leucine (Leu) and [(3)H]-thymidine (TdR) incorporation due to UVB was greatest during periods of low TCO in September and early October. During diel ( approximately 28 h) exposure experiments, light treatment samples exhibited >75-100% inhibition of TdR incorporation by mid-afternoon. Leu incorporation exhibited maximum inhibition (50-100%) at sunset and early evening hours. Leu and TdR incorporation in light treatment samples did not exhibit recovery during subsequent periods of darkness. Bacterial Leu and TdR incorporation rates were inversely related to Setlow Dose during a period of recovery from low TCO. These data further suggested a threshold exposure below which bacterial Leu and TdR incorporation recovered rapidly. Recovery of bacterial production after acute Setlow Dose exposures lagged recovery of TCO and was linearly related to TCO measured 2 days previously. This lag in recovery may have resulted from the energetically expensive repair of UVR-induced DNA damage acquired during periods of low TCO.

  18. Reconstructed summer Palmer Drought Severity Index since 1850 AD based on δ13C of larch tree rings in eastern Siberia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tei, Shunsuke; Yonenobu, Hitoshi; Sugimoto, Atsuko; Ohta, Takeshi; Maximov, Trofim C.

    2015-10-01

    We present a tree-ring reconstruction of Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) in Ust-Maya region (60°00‧N, 133°49‧E), central part of eastern Siberia using total ring (TR) widths and latewood (LW) δ13C chronologies from larch trees (1850-2008 AD). Summer (JJA) PDSI was correlated positively and negatively with the TR widths and LW δ13C, respectively. Using a multiple liner regression approach, we reconstructed summer PDSI using the time series of TR widths and LW δ13C. The reconstruction showed an interannual to decadal wet/dry fluctuation with several moist periods before 1950s and a severe drought event from 1991 to 1993. Comparison of the reconstruction with reconstructed July PDSI for the Yakutsk region, 300 km northwest of Ust-Maya, showed heterogeneous changes in the mean states of soil moisture, but synchronous year-to-year changes. These results indicate that regional studies are quite important to precisely depict the spatio-temporal variability of hydrological changes in the central part of eastern Siberia.

  19. Lord’s Paradox Revisited - (On Lord! Kumbaya!)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-03

    Z39-18 Gain WiWf − Wf Wi Final Weight Girls Boys Y Intial Weight Figure 1: Lord’s method of displaying no change in average gain (Wf −Wi) co-habitating...actually the same as it was at the beginning. He finds the same to be true for the boys . Although the weight of individual boys and girls has usually...Fig. 1]. Here the two ellipses represent separate scatter-plots for the boys and the girls . The frequency distributions of initial weight are

  20. The assessment of droughts in Northern China and Mongolian areas Using the Palmer Drought Severity Index(PDSI) and relevant large-scale environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, K. S.; Kim, J. Y.; Kim, I. G.; Park, C. H.

    2015-12-01

    This study assessed drought conditions in northern China and Mongolian areas using the Palmer drought severity index (PDSI). Droughts in this area were being intensified throughout all seasons. In particular, this intensifying trend was pronounced in the summer and autumn. In the summer, the PDSI showed an overall increase from the early 1990s to the late 1900s, and then, it rapidly decreased after the late 1990s. Therefore, this study focused on summer droughts and analyzed mean differences before the late 1990s (9098) and after the late 1990s (9905). Regarding differences in 850 hPa stream flows between the two periods, anomalous anticyclonic circulations were strengthened in northern China and Mongolia that showed strong negative anomalies in the PDSI. These anomalous anticyclones were formed as a positive North Atlantic Oscillation pattern formed in the European region spread eastward in the form of wave trains. The anomalous antcyclones formed in northern China and Mongolia were led to reduced total cloud cover. As a result, this region exhibied high sensible heat net fluxes. Consequently, warm and dry anticyclones may have recently been strengthened in this region, thereby intensifying droughts. As this shows, recently strengthened warm and dry anticyclones in northern China and Mongolia were associated with recently reduced snow depths in this region during the preceding spring. In recent years, the frequency of Asian dust has also increased due to warm and dry air conditions. Acknowledgements: This research was carried out as a part of "Development and application of technology for weather forecast" supported by the 2015 National Institute of Meteorological Research (NIMR) in the Korea Meteorological Administration.

  1. Detection of anomalous crop condition and soil variability mapping using a 26 year Landsat record and the Palmer crop moisture index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venteris, E. R.; Tagestad, J. D.; Downs, J. L.; Murray, C. J.

    2015-07-01

    Cost-effective and reliable vegetation monitoring methods are needed for applications ranging from traditional agronomic mapping, to verifying the safety of geologic injection activities. A particular challenge is defining baseline crop conditions and subsequent anomalies from long term imagery records (Landsat) in the face of large spatiotemporal variability. We develop a new method for defining baseline crop response (near peak growth) using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from 26 years (1986-2011) of Landsat data for 400 km2 surrounding a planned geologic carbon sequestration site near Jacksonville, Illinois. The normal score transform (yNDVI) was applied on a field by field basis to accentuate spatial patterns and level differences due to planting times. We tested crop type and soil moisture (Palmer crop moisture index (CMI)) as predictors of expected crop condition. Spatial patterns in yNDVI were similar between corn and soybeans - the two major crops. Linear regressions between yNDVI and the cumulative CMI (CCMI) exposed complex interactions between crop condition, field location (topography and soils), and annual moisture. Wet toposequence positions (depressions) were negatively correlated to CCMI and dry positions (crests) positively correlated. However, only 21% of the landscape showed a statistically significant (p < 0.05) linear relationship. To map anomalous crop conditions, we defined a tolerance interval based on yNDVI statistics. Tested on an independent image (2013), 63 of 1483 possible fields showed unusual crop condition. While the method is not directly suitable for crop health assessment, the spatial patterns in correlation between yNDVI and CCMI have potential applications for pest damage detection and edaphological soil mapping, especially in the developing world.

  2. Development of a remotely sensing seasonal vegetation-based Palmer Drought Severity Index and its application of global drought monitoring over 1982-2011

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Hao; Wang, Shao-Qiang; Lu, Hou-Quan; Yu, Qin; Zhu, Zai-Chun; Myneni, Ranga B.; Liu, Qiang; Shugart, Herman H.

    2014-08-01

    Vegetation effects are currently disregarded in Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), and the sensitivity of PDSI to the choice of potential evaporation (EP) parameterization is often a concern. We developed a revised self-calibrating PDSI model that replaces EP with leaf area index-based total evapotranspiration (ARTS E0). It also included a simple snowmelt module. Using a unique satellite leaf area index data set and climate data, we calculated and compared ARTS E0, three other types of EP (i.e., Thornthwaite EP_Th, Allen EP_Al, and Penman-Monteith EP_PM), and corresponding PDSI values (i.e., PDSI_ARTS, PDSI_Th, PDSI_Al, and PDSI_PM) for the period 1982-2011. The results of PDSI_ARTS, PDSI_Al, and PDSI_PM show that global land became wetter mainly due to increased precipitation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effect for the period, which confirms the ongoing intensification of global hydrologic cycle with global temperature increase. However, only PDSI_Th gave a trend of global drying, which confirms that PDSI_Th overestimates the global drying in response to global warming; i.e., PDSI values are sensitive to the parameterizations for Ep. Thus, ARTS E0, EP_Al, and EP_PM are preferred to EP_Th in global drought monitoring. In short, global warming affects global drought condition in two opposite ways. One is to contribute to the increases of EP and hence drought; the other is to increase global precipitation that contributes to global wetting. These results suggest that precipitation trend and its interaction with global warming and ENSO should be given much attention to correctly quantify past and future trends of drought.

  3. Integration of Palmer Drought Severity Index and remote sensing data to simulate wetland water surface from 1910 to 2009 in Cottonwood Lake area, North Dakota

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Huang, S.; Dahal, D.; Young, Caitlin; Chander, G.; Liu, S.

    2011-01-01

    Spatiotemporal variations of wetland water in the Prairie Pothole Region are controlled by many factors; two of them are temperature and precipitation that form the basis of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI). Taking the 196km2 Cottonwood Lake area in North Dakota as our pilot study site, we integrated PDSI, Landsat images, and aerial photography records to simulate monthly water surface. First, we developed a new Wetland Water Area Index (WWAI) from PDSI to predict water surface area. Second, we developed a water allocation model to simulate the spatial distribution of water bodies at a resolution of 30m. Third, we used an additional procedure to model the small wetlands (less than 0.8ha) that could not be detected by Landsat. Our results showed that i) WWAI was highly correlated with water area with an R2 of 0.90, resulting in a simple regression prediction of monthly water area to capture the intra- and inter-annual water change from 1910 to 2009; ii) the spatial distribution of water bodies modeled from our approach agreed well with the water locations visually identified from the aerial photography records; and iii) the R2 between our modeled water bodies (including both large and small wetlands) and those from aerial photography records could be up to 0.83 with a mean average error of 0.64km2 within the study area where the modeled wetland water areas ranged from about 2 to 14km2. These results indicate that our approach holds great potential to simulate major changes in wetland water surface for ecosystem service; however, our products could capture neither the short-term water change caused by intensive rainstorm events nor the wetland change caused by human activities. ?? 2011.

  4. Lord Kelvin on fluid mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craik, Alex D. D.

    2012-06-01

    William Thomson, Baron Kelvin of Largs, was the best-known British scientist of his day, who made fundamental contributions to many areas of physics and engineering. Though his life and work have been much studied, his contributions to fluid mechanics have received far less attention that those in heat, electricity, magnetism, geophysics, "ether theory" and telegraphy. After a general introduction, Kelvin's writings on fluid mechanics are comprehensively surveyed. These reveal the interplay of his mathematical expertise and physical intuition, his deployment of physical analogies, and the origins of some of his work in later-abandoned speculations. Among lasting contributions are his circulation theorem and minimum energy theorem, the misnamed "Stokes' theorem", a generalization of Green's theorem, the method of stationary phase, and much on vortices, instabilities, tides and water waves.

  5. Jupiter: Lord of the Planets.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufmann, William

    1984-01-01

    Presents a chapter from an introductory college-level astronomy textbook in which full-color photographs and numerous diagrams highlight an extensive description of the planet Jupiter. Topics include Jupiter's geology, rotation, magnetic field, atmosphere (including clouds and winds), and the Great Red Spot. (DH)

  6. News Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-01-01

    Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

  7. Determination of Carbon Dioxide, Hydrograohic, and Chemical Parameters During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Indian Ocean (WOCE Section S04I, 3 May - 4 July, 1996)

    SciTech Connect

    Kozyr, Alex

    2006-03-31

    This report discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide (TCO2), total alkalinity (TALK), and partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) at hydrographic stations during the cruise of research vessel (R/V) Nathaniel B. Palmer in the Southern Indian Ocean on the S04I Section as a part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS)/World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). The carbon-related measurements were sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The expedition started in Cape Town, South Africa, on May 3, 1996, and ended in Hobart, Australia, on July 4, 1996. Instructions for accessing the data are provided. The TCO2 was measured in discrete water samples using the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) coulomteric system with an overall precision of ±1.7 μmol/kg. TALK was determined by potentiometric titration with an overall precision of ±1.7 μmol/kg. During the S04I cruise pCO2 was also measured using the LDEO equilibrator-gas chromatograph system with a precision of 0.5% (including the station-to-station reproducibility) at a constant temperature of 4.0ºC. The R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer S04I data set is available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. The NDP consists of the oceanographic data files and this printed documentation, which describes the contents and format of all files as well as the procedures and methods used to obtain the data.

  8. Studying Lords and Ladies, Arum Maculatum (L.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Derek H. T.

    1977-01-01

    Historical uses of Arum maculatum (L.) are summarized. Temperature changes during spadix maturation, spathe uncurling in the presence of flower tissue, indol-3-y1 acetic acid, and gibberellic acid are investigated in the laboratory. Dilute solutions of both phytohormones cause significant spathe uncurling. Further investigations are suggested.…

  9. 'One mission accomplished, more important ones remain': commentary on Every-Palmer, S., Howick, J. (2014) How evidence-based medicine is failing due to biased trials and selective publication. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 20 (6), 908-914.

    PubMed

    Wyer, Peter; da Silva, Suzana Alves

    2015-06-01

    Every-Palmer and Howick suggest that evidence-based medicine (EBM) is failing in its mission because of contamination of research by manufacturer and researcher-motivated bias and self-interest. They fail to define that mission and to distinguish between the EBM movement and the research enterprise it was developed to critique. An educational movement, EBM accomplished its mission to simplify and package clinical epidemiological concepts in a form accessible to clinical learners. Its wide adoption within educational circles fostered critical literacy among several generations of practitioners. Illumination of bias, subterfuge and incomplete reporting of research has been a strength of EBM. Increased uptake and use of clinical research within the health care system properly defines the failing mission that eludes Every-Palmer and Howick. Responsibility for failure to make progress towards its achievement is shared by virtually all relevant streams within the system, including policy, clinical guideline development, educational movements and the development of approaches to evidence synthesis. Discordance between the epistemological premises pervading today's research and health care community and the complex social processes that ultimately determine research use constitutes an important factor that must be addressed as part of a remedy. Enhanced emphasis on and demonstration of alternative approaches to research such as realism and realist synthesis and the momentum towards development of a learning health care system hold promise as guideposts for the rapidly evolving health care environment.

  10. A new generic name, Semigothograptus, for Gothograptus? meganassa Rickards & Palmer, 2002, from the Silurian post-lundgreni Biozone recovery phase, and comparative morphology of retiolitids from the lowermost upper Homerian (upper Wenlock).

    PubMed

    Kozłowska, Anna

    2016-12-21

    Gothograptus? meganassa Rickards & Palmer, 2002 is assigned to a new genus Semigothograptus. New, well preserved material from the dubius/nassa Biozone (upper Homerian, Silurian) of the Bartoszyce IG-1 drill core Poland is described. This provides a new phylogenetic perspective on the evolution of post-lundgreni Event retiolitines. Semigothograptus meganassa is considered to be a descendant of Gothograptus nassa, although one of the most significant differences between these forms is the position of the nema, and narrow finite tubarium ending in an appendix in G. nassa. S. meganassa possesses looping meshes of the ancora umbrella recognised in Gothograptus, Papiliograptus, and Baculograptus and shares the common characters of all stratigraphical younger retiolitines. It is recognised that the S. meganassa is known from four terrains: Avalonia, Baltica, Bohemia, and Saxo-Thuringia. Analysis of the genicular hoods of nassa type, characteristic of Gothograptus nassa, Gothograptus kozlowskii, Semigothograptus meganassa, and Neogothograptus eximinassa, demonstrates their unique, solid bandage construction.

  11. Rehabbing the Rankings: Fool's Errand or the Lord's Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuh, George D.

    2011-01-01

    For better or worse, rankings shape public conceptions of collegiate quality. This paper reviews the history of rankings, analyzes what they represent, explores recent efforts to employ indicators in addition to institutional resources and reputation on which the most popular rankings are based, and evaluates the extent to which rankings serve…

  12. Strutt, John William [Lord Rayleigh] (1842-1919)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Born in Langford Grove (near Maldon), Essex, England, Nobel prizewinner (1904) for the discovery of argon. He worked in many areas of physics, including electromagnetism and sound; the Rayleigh theory of the scattering of light was the first correct explanation of why the sky is blue....

  13. Scientists at play in a field of the Lord

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Long, David E.

    2010-03-01

    The Answers in Genesis Creation Museum opened in May of 2007. During the opening day, a loosely affiliated group of scientists joined in a Rally for Reason as they termed it to protest the museum's potential effect on science in the United States. This paper discusses ethnographic data collected before and during the rally. Scientist narratives disclose the rationale for their participation at the rally, unpacking their hopes, fears and social ideals vis-à-vis their perception of the Museum's impact. With these ideals, I discuss the lacking discourse between the values of ideal of science literacy, the contested authority of museums and their publics, and a lacking conception of how a valuerationality aligned towards the Museum's message continues to be culturally produced.

  14. Lord Byron’s ’Darkness’: Analysis and Interpretation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-01-01

    Paradise," From Sensibility to Romanticism , ed. Frederick W. Hilles and Harold Bloom (London: Oxford University Press, 1965), p. 482. 20 Hirsch, p...but theatres --where the chief actors rot (Stanza c ix). Byron condt-nas man’s inhumanity and all warfare as theater, an enter- tainment for the masses...Company, 1969, Hirsch, Jr., E.D. "Byron and che Terrestrial Paradise." From Sensibility to Romanticism , ed. Frederick W. Hilles and H-red BEo-•.. Lon

  15. The Lord’s Resistance Army Wicked Problem

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-14

    intervention. 2 Between 1988 and 2008, deliberate efforts were made by the Government of Uganda to resolve the LRA conflict by peaceful means ...President Baraka Obama signed into law the “Lord’s Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act”, legislation aimed at stopping Joseph... means to address these grievances after witnessing Uganda’s successive violent power struggles since independence.34 While it is true there were

  16. Countering the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    has been mixed with the traditional ethnic cosmology of their Acholi tribe. However, the LRA also needs to be understood as a product of northern...amnesty as well as guarantees for their leaders’ welfare and physical security.15 Commitments to devel- opment aid, security, and government...protection is a debated concept in both the peacekeeping and humanitarian worlds.35 To some, protection requires efforts to guarantee the physical

  17. Travel with a Time Lord: Using Media to Enhance Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrett, Jacqueline; Benjamin, Theresa

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on a UKLA-funded project in which a group of 10 teachers in South Wales were involved. The televised science fiction drama "Doctor Who" was chosen as the theme as it was based on popular culture as well as being of local and national interest. The main character in this television drama is an alien who can fly…

  18. Viscosity Coefficient Curve Fits for Ionized Gas Species Grant Palmer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Palmer, Grant; Arnold, James O. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Viscosity coefficient curve fits for neutral gas species are available from many sources. Many do a good job of reproducing experimental and computational chemistry data. The curve fits are usually expressed as a function of temperature only. This is consistent with the governing equations used to derive an expression for the neutral species viscosity coefficient. Ionized species pose a more complicated problem. They are subject to electrostatic as well as intermolecular forces. The electrostatic forces are affected by a shielding phenomenon where electrons shield the electrostatic forces of positively charged ions beyond a certain distance. The viscosity coefficient for an ionized gas species is a function of both temperature and local electron number density. Currently available curve fits for ionized gas species, such as those presented by Gupta/Yos, are a function of temperature only. What they did was to assume an electron number density. The problem is that the electron number density they assumed was unrealistically high. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, the proper expression for determining the viscosity coefficient of an ionized species as a function of both temperature and electron number density will be presented. Then curve fit coefficients will be developed using the more realistic assumption of an equilibrium electron number density. The results will be compared against previous curve fits and against highly accurate computational chemistry data.

  19. Glyphosate-resistant Palmer Amaranth in the U.S.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Since glyphosate-resistant (GR) crops were commercialized, glyphosate has been extensively used to effectively and economically manage weeds. The adoption of GR technology also provided growers with the capabilities needed to rapidly adopt conservation tillage production systems. Selection pressure ...

  20. Introducing Charly Palmer: Tar Baby and Culturally Responsive Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Tanisha

    2012-01-01

    According to a report by the Congressional Research Service, the U.S. population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. This increasing change is reflected in every aspect of people's lives, including the classroom. Now more than ever it is necessary for art educators to address the needs of the steadily increasing numbers of culturally…

  1. Representing Science through Historical Drama: "Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth Debate"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Begoray, Deborah L.; Stinner, Arthur

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a defense for the use of historical scripted conversations in science. We discuss drama's use of both expository and narrative text forms to expand the language forms available for a variety of learners, the use of scripted conversations as a defensible curriculum design to foster learning in general and science in particular,…

  2. 77 FR 74228 - Lord, Abbett & Co. LLC, et al.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-13

    .... Applicants' Legal Analysis 1. Section 12(d)(1)(A) of the Act provides that no registered investment company... Exchange Commission (``Commission''). ACTION: Notice of an application under section 6(c) of the Investment...: Applicants request an order to permit open-end management investment companies relying on rule 12d1-2...

  3. The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: secrecy in the pharmaceutical arena.

    PubMed

    Lexchin, Joel

    2007-09-01

    Secrecy in the pharmaceutical arena has taken on more importance in the recent past as the pharmaceutical industry has assumed greater prominence in the funding of clinical research and has also become a funder of the agencies that are charged with regulating it. Governments have adopted a neo-liberal agenda that prioritizes private profit over public health and are therefore willing to let industry set the research agenda. As a result, secrecy, to protect intellectual property rights, is a major feature of clinical research. Secrecy also leads to biases in the published literature that conceal significant safety problems. Because regulators are now partially dependent on the pharmaceutical industry for their existence regulators are unwilling to challenge industry. By treating data on efficacy and safety as commercially confidential information they effectively collude with industry in denying health professionals and the public access to essential information to be able to use drugs appropriately.

  4. Citizen Hersant: The Rise to Power of a Contemporary French Press Lord.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliams, Alvi

    When the centrist government of Prime Minister Jacques Chirac chose 69-year-old Robert Hersant to buy the newspaper "France-Soir" (famous for its ties to the resistance to the Nazis) in 1976, journalists at many newspapers on the left fought the political move by reminding both the public and the government of Hersant's collaboration…

  5. Art, Boys, and the Boy Scout Movement: Lord Baden-Powell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalmers, F. Graeme; Dancer, Andrea A.

    2007-01-01

    Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell (1857-1941), founder of the Boy Scout Movement in 1907, was a British military hero during the Boer War. Within an ethos and era of empire-building, athleticism, soldier-heroes and the pursuit of "manliness," Baden-Powell valued the arts and adapted his artistic skill to his wartime and Scouting activities. His…

  6. The Lord’s Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-11

    August 4, 2011. 6 U.N. document S/PRST/2011/21 [Presidential Statement], November 14, 2011. 7 Kenneth Roth /Human Rights Watch (HRW), “A Plan B for...Allen. Zed Books: 2006. 24 Andre Le Sage, “Countering the Lord’s Resistance Army in Central Africa,” Strategic Forum, July 2011. Sudan and the LRA

  7. Lords of the Silk Route: Violent Non-State Actors in Central Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-01

    fostering. The two authors—each of whom is individually the winner of a previous INSS outstanding research award—develop and test a systematic, targeted...The compositional factors associated with negative demographic pressures are “youth bulges” and urban density. It is the reinforcing relationships...are negative . Despite these negative trends, the high fertility rates throughout the region and strong growth rates are creating destabilizing

  8. Lord of the Flies: An Ethological Study of Dominance Ordering in a Group of Human Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Richard C.

    A stable, ordered dominance hierarchy was found via observational and sociometric methods for a group of 13-year-old boys during a five-week summer camp. This group structure was formed early in camp and was stable across settings, time, and types of dominance interactions. The hierarchy correlated significantly with the rank-orderings bed…

  9. Lord Kelvin and the Age-of-the-Earth Debate: A Dramatization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stinner, Art; Teichmann, Jürgen

    This is a dramatization of a fictitious debate about the age of the earth that takes place in the Royal Institution, London, England, in the year 1872. The debate is among Sir William Thomson (later Kelvin), T.H. Huxley (Darwin's Bulldog), Sir Charles Lyell, and Hermann von Helmholtz. In 1862 Thomson published his celebrated and widely studied The Secular Cooling of the Earth that raised the post-Darwinian debate of the age of the earth above the level of popular controversy. He entered the debate with all the arrogance of a newly established science of the century, namely the recently drafted laws of thermodynamics. The debate is partly based on a lively exchange of comments and arguments that occurred between T.H. Huxley and William Thomson, starting in 1868, when Thomson addressed the Glasgow Geological Society. This long public discussion also involved the ideas and the work of geologist Charles Lyell and those of the celebrated German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. The confrontation is between the unyielding physicists and the insecure biologists and geologists who required a much longer time for the age of the earth than the physicists were prepared to give them. However, the debate ends on a conciliatory note, suggesting that perhaps Sir William's storehouse of creation may contain a hereto undiscovered source of energy that is more bountiful than gravitational energy.

  10. Lord Kelvin and the Age-of-the-Earth Debate: A Dramatization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinner, Art; Tecihman, Jurgen

    2003-01-01

    Presents a dramatization of a fictitious debate about the age of the earth that takes place at the Royal Institution, London, England, in the year 1872 among Sir William Thomson, T.H. Huxley, Sir Charles Lyell, and Hermann von Helmholtz. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/YDS)

  11. Lord's Resistance Army Disarmament and Northern Uganda Recovery Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. McGovern, James P. [D-MA-3

    2009-05-19

    05/19/2009 Referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.1067, which became Public Law 111-172 on 5/24/2010. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. Coastal-Change and Glaciological Map of the Palmer Land Area, Antarctica: 1947-2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ferrigno, Jane G.; Cook, Alison J.; Mathie, Amy M.; Williams, Richard S.; Swithinbank, Charles; Foley, Kevin M.; Fox, Adrian J.; Thomson, Janet W.; Sievers, Jorn

    2009-01-01

    Reduction in the area and volume of the two polar ice sheets is intricately linked to changes in global climate, and the resulting rise in sea level could severely impact the densely populated coastal regions on Earth. Antarctica is Earth's largest reservoir of glacial ice. Melting of the West Antarctic part alone of the Antarctic ice sheet would cause a sea-level rise of approximately 6 meters (m), and the potential sea-level rise after melting of the entire Antarctic ice sheet is estimated to be 65 m (Lythe and others, 2001) to 73 m (Williams and Hall, 1993). The mass balance (the net volumetric gain or loss) of the Antarctic ice sheet is highly complex, responding differently to different climatic and other conditions in each region (Vaughan, 2005). In a review paper, Rignot and Thomas (2002) concluded that the West Antarctic ice sheet is probably becoming thinner overall; although it is known to be thickening in the west, it is thinning in the north. The mass balance of the East Antarctic ice sheet is thought by Davis and others (2005) to be positive on the basis of the change in satellite-altimetry measurements made between 1992 and 2003. Measurement of changes in area and mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet was given a very high priority in recommendations by the Polar Research Board of the National Research Council (1986), in subsequent recommendations by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) (1989, 1993), and by the National Science Foundation's (1990) Division of Polar Programs. On the basis of these recommendations, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) decided that the archive of early 1970s Landsat 1, 2, and 3 Multispectral Scanner (MSS) images of Antarctica and the subsequent repeat coverage made possible with Landsat and other satellite images provided an excellent means of documenting changes in the cryospheric coastline of Antarctica (Ferrigno and Gould, 1987). The availability of this information provided the impetus for carrying out a comprehensive analysis of the glaciological features of the coastal regions and changes in ice fronts of Antarctica (Swithinbank, 1988; Williams and Ferrigno, 1988). The project was later modified to include Landsat 4 and 5 MSS and Thematic Mapper (TM) images (and in some areas Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images), RADARSAT images, aerial photography, and other data where available, to compare changes that occurred during a 20- to 25- or 30-year time interval (or longer where data were available, as in the Antarctic Peninsula). The results of the analysis are being used to produce a digital database and a series of USGS Geologic Investigations Series Maps (I-2600) (Williams and others, 1995; Swithinbank and others, 2003a,b, 2004; Ferrigno and others, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and in press; and Williams and Ferrigno, 2005) (available online at http://www.glaciers.er.usgs.gov).

  13. Granitoid pluton formation by spreading of continental crust: the Wiley Glacier complex, northwest Palmer Land, Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaughan, Alan P. M.; Wareham, Christopher D.; Millar, Ian L.

    1997-12-01

    The emplacement mechanism, geometry, and isotope geochemistry of plutons of the Wiley Glacier complex suggest that new continental crust grew by multiple injection of tonalitic dykes during dextral transtension in the Antarctic Peninsula magmatic arc in Early Cretaceous times. The suggested mechanism is analogous to basalt dyke injection during sea-floor spreading. During normal-dextral shear, the Burns Bluff pluton, a sheeted, moderately east-dipping, syn-magmatically sheared tonalite-granodiorite intruded syn-magmatically sheared quartz diorite of the Creswick Gap pluton and 140 ± 5 Ma hornblende gabbro. UPb dating of zircon and ArAr dating of hornblende and biotite suggest that both granite s.l. plutons were emplaced between 145 and 140 Ma, but that extensional shearing was active from the time of emplacement until ca. 127 Ma. The Burns Bluff pluton is chilled at its margin, and grades through mylonitised, porphyritic tonalite-granodiorite sheets and tonalite-granodiorite sheets with minor chilling, to a kilometre-scale body of coarse-grained, hypidiomorphic tonalite-granodiorite. Co-magmatic microdiorite forms dykes and abundant synplutonic mafic enclaves. These dykes opened as echelon veins during episodic dextral shear and were deformed to trains of enclaves during continued normal-dextral shear. Pluton-marginal porphyritic and hypidiomorphic tonalite-granodiorite forms large, fault-hosted sheets emplaced progressively under extension with minor dextral shear. Kinematic indicators from pluton-marginal granite s.l. dykes suggest that early in pluton accretion, intrusive sheets cooled rapidly, with simple shear prior to full crystallisation changing to ductile simple shear during cooling. Kinematic indicators towards the pluton core suggest that as the pluton grew, and cooled more slowly, emplacement switched from sheeting to in situ inflation with simple shear distributed across a broad zone prior to full crystallisation of magma. Cross-cutting relationships with the coeval, syn-extensional, Creswick Gap pluton suggest that the Burns Bluff pluton was emplaced in a steeper, second generation shear structure, like those in normal fault systems. This suggests that the Wiley Glacier complex was emplaced above the base of the brittle-ductile transition zone (15-18 km depth). The Burns Bluff pluton has Nd and Sr isotope values that range from mantle dominated ( ɛNd 141 = +3.8, {87Sr }/{86Sr 141} = 0.70468 ) to more crustally influenced ( ɛNd 141 = -1.7, {87Sr }/{86Sr 141} = 0.70652 ). This range probably represents different degrees of mixing between mantle-derived magma and lower crustal partial melts generated in the garnet-stability zone (40+ km depth). Addition of new crustal material by mafic underplating at the base of the crust and by redistribution of granitic s.l. and mafic, modified, underplated magma to mid-crustal levels along extensional shear zones as the arc 'spread' were the primary mechanisms of crustal growth.

  14. Lord of the Rings: A Kinematic Distance to Circinus X-1 from a Giant X-Ray Light Echo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heinz, S.; Burton, M.; Braiding, C.; Brandt, W. N.; Jonker, P. G.; Sell, P.; Fender, R. P.; Nowak, M. A.; Schulz, N. S.

    2015-06-01

    Circinus X-1 exhibited a bright X-ray flare in late 2013. Follow-up observations with Chandra and XMM-Newton from 40 to 80 days after the flare reveal a bright X-ray light echo in the form of four well-defined rings with radii from 5 to 13 arcmin, growing in radius with time. The large fluence of the flare and the large column density of interstellar dust toward Circinus X-1 make this the largest and brightest set of rings from an X-ray light echo observed to date. By deconvolving the radial intensity profile of the echo with the MAXI X-ray light curve of the flare we reconstruct the dust distribution toward Circinus X-1 into four distinct dust concentrations. By comparing the peak in scattering intensity with the peak intensity in CO maps of molecular clouds from the Mopra Southern Galactic Plane CO Survey we identify the two innermost rings with clouds at radial velocity ∼ -74 and ∼ -81 {km} {{{s}}}-1, respectively. We identify a prominent band of foreground photoelectric absorption with a lane of CO gas at ∼ -32 {km} {{{s}}}-1. From the association of the rings with individual CO clouds we determine the kinematic distance to Circinus X-1 to be {D}{CirX-1}={9.4}-1.0+0.8 {kpc}. This distance rules out earlier claims of a distance around 4 {kpc}, implies that Circinus X-1 is a frequent super-Eddington source, and places a lower limit of {{Γ }}≳ 22 on the Lorentz factor and an upper limit of {θ }{jet}≲ 3^\\circ on the jet viewing angle.

  15. Evading the Endgame in an Insurgency Undertaking: The Case of the Lord’s Resistance Army and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    network analysis, disrupting dark networks, insurgent organization 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 103 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF...with the overall mission of operations against the LRA insurgency. In other words, it does not matter whether the event is peaceful or violent as...ENSR, How Do You Cite ArcGIS?. 39 on how this method of analysis works, refer to Sean Everton’s book, Disrupting Dark Networks.75 D. CONCLUSION

  16. Lord of the Rings - Return of the King: Swift-XRT observations of dust scattering rings around V404 Cygni

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beardmore, A. P.; Willingale, R.; Kuulkers, E.; Altamirano, D.; Motta, S. E.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Sivakoff, G. R.

    2016-10-01

    On 2015 June 15, the black hole X-ray binary V404 Cygni went into outburst, exhibiting extreme X-ray variability which culminated in a final flare on June 26. Over the following days, the Swift-X-ray Telescope detected a series of bright rings, comprising five main components that expanded and faded with time, caused by X-rays scattered from the otherwise unobservable dust layers in the interstellar medium in the direction of the source. Simple geometrical modelling of the rings' angular evolution reveals that they have a common temporal origin, coincident with the final, brightest flare seen by INTEGRAL's JEM X-1, which reached a 3-10 keV flux of ˜25 Crab. The high quality of the data allows the dust properties and density distribution along the line of sight to the source to be estimated. Using the Rayleigh-Gans approximation for the dust scattering cross-section and a power-law distribution of grain sizes a, ∝ a-q, the average dust emission is well modelled by q = 3.90^{+0.09}_{-0.08} and maximum grain size of a_+ = 0.147^{+0.024}_{-0.004} { μ m}, though significant variations in q are seen between the rings. The recovered dust density distribution shows five peaks associated with the dense sheets responsible for the rings at distances ranging from 1.19 to 2.13 kpc, with thicknesses of ˜40-80 pc and a maximum density occurring at the location of the nearest sheet. We find a dust column density of Ndust ≈ (2.0-2.5) × 1011 cm-2, consistent with the optical extinction to the source. Comparison of the inner rings' azimuthal X-ray evolution with archival Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer mid-IR data suggests that the second most distant ring follows the general IR emission trend, which increases in brightness towards the Galactic north side of the source.

  17. "Our Father in Heaven": A Legal Analysis of the Recitation of the Lord's Prayer by Public School Coaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Tom; Foldesy, George

    2008-01-01

    The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution sets forth the separation of church and state required in public schools. That clause has been interpreted in a lengthy history of U. S. Supreme Court decisions. Nevertheless, accommodating one person's right of religious expression while not infringing on another person's…

  18. "It's Like 'Lord of the Rings,' Sir. but Real!": Teaching, Learning and Sharing Medieval History for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eldridge, Chris

    2016-01-01

    Medieval history is on the rise. Among the many recent reforms in the history curriculum is a requirement for medieval themes at GCSE and across the country the new linear A-level offers fresh opportunities for teachers to look beyond the traditional diet of Tudors and modern history. The huge divide between us and the medieval mind can make the…

  19. Endocrinology and the arts at the feet of the dancing Lord: Parathyroid hormone resistance in an Indian icon

    PubMed Central

    Seshadri, Krishna G.

    2014-01-01

    The dance of Siva has a cosmic appeal. Nowhere has this dance been crystallised in its pristine form as in the Nataraja Bronzes from the Chola period. Mysticism surrounds the dancing form of the Nataraja. But does Nataraja dance upon an endocrine mystery. Does the demon under his feet Apasmara literally forgetfulness or epilepsy have an endocrine disorder. The short limbed stocky eye popping dwarf with possible mental retardation with a name that suggests epilepsy throws open a host of endocrine diagnoses. From cretinisim to the original descriptions of pseudohypoparathyroidism here is one view of the medical mystery under Shiva's dancing feet. PMID:24741522

  20. Lord Rutherford of Nelson, his 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and why he didn't get a second prize

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarlskog, Cecilia

    2008-11-01

    'I have dealt with many different transformations with various periods of time, but the quickest that I have met was my own transformation in one moment from a physicist to a chemist.' Ernest Rutherford (Nobel Banquet, 1908) This article is about how Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) got the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and why he did not get a second Prize for his subsequent outstanding discoveries in physics, specially the discovery of the atomic nucleus and the proton. Who were those who nominated him and who did he nominate for the Nobel Prizes? In order to put the Prize issue into its proper context, I will briefly describe Rutherford's whereabouts. Rutherford, an exceptionally gifted scientist who revolutionized chemistry and physics, was moulded in the finest classical tradition. What were his opinions on some scientific issues such as Einstein's photon, uncertainty relations and the future prospects for atomic energy? What would he have said about the 'Theory of Everything'? Extended version of an invited talk presented at the conference 'Neutrino 2008', Christchurch, NZ, 25-31 May 2008

  1. A Lesson for the Future of Our Science. My Testimony on Lord Patrick M.S. Blackett

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zichichi, A.

    The following sections are included: * INTRODUCTION * AN INCREDIBLE SEQUENCE OF UNEXPECTED EVENTS * BLACKETT AND THE ORIGIN OF THE SUBNUCLEAR UNIVERSE * BLACKETT AND THE WHOLE OF OUR KNOWLEDGE * BLACKETT AND RUSSELL (GALILEI, EINSTEIN, GÖDEL) * THE "BLACKETT EFFECT" IN THE 2nd WORLD WAR * NEW INSTITUTIONS FOUNDED * THE FUTURE * CONCLUSIONS - FROM BLACKETT TO PRESENT DAY PHYSICS * REFERENCES

  2. Representing Spatial Structure through Maps and Language: Lord of the Rings Encodes the Spatial Structure of Middle Earth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louwerse, Max M.; Benesh, Nick

    2012-01-01

    Spatial mental representations can be derived from linguistic and non-linguistic sources of information. This study tested whether these representations could be formed from statistical linguistic frequencies of city names, and to what extent participants differed in their performance when they estimated spatial locations from language or maps. In…

  3. "A Seed Blessed by the Lord": The Role of Religious References in the Creation of Modern Hebrew

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Or, Iair G.

    2016-01-01

    The nativization of Modern Hebrew at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth is one of the most commonly cited examples of language planning and (possibly) revival. The Hebrew Language Committee, which was the main body responsible for Hebrew language planning in the formative years 1890-1953, held numerous discussions…

  4. Level II scour analysis for Bridge 5 (IRASTH00010005) on Town Highway 1, crossing Lords Creek, Irasburg, Vermont

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Boehmler, Erick M.; Song, Donald L.

    1996-01-01

    Contraction scour for all modelled flows ranged from 2.4 to 4.6 ft. The worst-case contraction scour occurred at the 500-year discharge. Abutment scour ranged from 7.2 to 9.8 ft. The worst-case abutment scour also occurred at the 500-year discharge. Additional information on scour depths and depths to armoring are included in the section titled “Scour Results”. Scoured-streambed elevations, based on the calculated scour depths, are presented in tables 1 and 2. A cross-section of the scour computed at the bridge is presented in figure 8. Scour depths were calculated assuming an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. It is generally accepted that the Froehlich equation (abutment scour) gives “excessively conservative estimates of scour depths” (Richardson and others, 1995, p. 47). Usually, computed scour depths are evaluated in combination with other information including (but not limited to) historical performance during flood events, the geomorphic stability assessment, existing scour protection measures, and the results of the hydraulic analyses. Therefore, scour depths adopted by VTAOT may differ from the computed values documented herein.

  5. Ungoverned Spaces and the Survival of Terrorist Groups in Africa: A Case Study of the Lords Resistance Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    17 Ian Beckett, “The Future of Insurgency,” Small Wars and Insurgencies 16, no. 1 (2005): 22–36, http://dx.doi.org/ 1080 /0959231042000322549. 18...Insurgencies 16, no. 1, (2005): 22–36. http://dx.doi.org/ 1080 /0959231042000322549. Berger, Sebastien, and Peta Thorncroft. “Zimbabweans Celebrate as

  6. Assessing the Economic Impact of inversion tillage, cover crops, and herbicide regimes in palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) infested cotton

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) producers in Alabama and across the Cotton Belt are faced with a rapidly expanding problem that decreases yields and increases production costs: herbicide-resistant weeds. Producers are increasingly relying on production methods that raise production costs, such as add...

  7. Book Analysis: The 25-Year War: America’s Military Role in Vietnam, by General Bruce Palmer, Jr.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    conflicts: World War .1I, Korea, and Vietn-v’. He had his first staff lob in 1942. in the War Der-rtment General Staff. Following this hob , ne went to the...decided to wait out the American election, but even , after Nixon’s strong victory at the polls , continued to - be intransigent, This led to the

  8. The S-R issue: its status in behavior analysis and in Donahoe and Palmer's learning and complex behavior.

    PubMed

    Donahoe, J W; Palmer, D C; Burgos, J E

    1997-03-01

    The central focus of this essay is whether the effect of reinforcement is best viewed as the strengthenng of responding or the strengthening of the environmental control of responding. We make the argument that adherence to Skinner's goal of achieving a moment-to-moment analysis of behavior compels acceptance of the latter view. Moreover, a thoroughgoing commitment to a moment-to-moment analysis undermines the fundamental distinction between the conditioning process instantiated by operant and respondent contingencies while buttressing the crucially important differences in their cumulative outcomes. Computer simulations informed by experimental analyses of behavior and neuroscience are used to illustrate these points.

  9. U.S. Military Deployments to Africa: Lessons from the Hunt for Joseph Kony and the Lord’s Resistance Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    described and it is recommended that Special Operations Forces (SOF) teams deploying to this environment should prioritize their learning to focus...on the customs, culture, and history of the region. SOF teams can hire translators to help them across the language barriers once on the ground, but...to sub-Saharan Africa. As noted, an honest appreciation for the learning process needs to be built in at the policy level when discussing the length

  10. Attempted surgical correction of single- and multiyear post-ovulatory egg stasis in yellow and red Irish lords, Hemilepidotus jordani (Bean) and Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus (Tilesius)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Goertz, C.E.C.; Mulcahy, Daniel M.

    2011-01-01

    Egg stasis ('egg-binding', 'post-ovulatory stasis') is a poorly characterized syndrome characterized by an inability of female fish to complete ovulation and to naturally expel mature eggs. Although it occurs in a variety of fish species, no definitive studies of the causation, prevalence, prevention and treatment have been done. The cause of egg stasis appears to be multifactorial to include aspects of a captive environment not suitable for the completion of spawning.

  11. Arguing at Play in the Fields of the Lord; or, Abducting Charles Peirce's Rhetorical Theory in "A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newcomb, Matthew J.

    2009-01-01

    This article argues that the ideas of "play" and "abduction" in Charles Peirce's work represent an inventive theory of argument that opens up the kinds of activities that can be called "arguments" and avoids some of the struggles over imposed beliefs with which recent argument theory has grappled. (Contains 12 notes.)

  12. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Diamond International Corporation, Upper Dam (MA 00562) Connecticut River Basin, Palmer, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-10-01

    of Appendix C. b. Dam . The dam is a run-of-the-river type structure consisting of a concrete spillway and rockfill dike. A significant amount of...unknown 7󈧕] (8) Top of dam : 368.0 ( rockfill dike) (9) Test flood surcharge: 387.0 d. Reservoir (Length in feet) (1) Normal pool: 11,460 (2) Flood...and Appurtenances. The Upper Dam at Diamond International Corporation consists of a concrete and stone spillway and rockfill dike (see Plan of Dam

  13. EPSPS amplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Amaranthus spinosus, a common weed of pastures, is a close relative of Amaranthus palmeri, a problematic agricultural weed with widespread glyphosate resistance. These two species have been known to hybridize, allowing for transfer of glyphosate resistance. Glyphosate-resistant A. spinosus was rec...

  14. National Dam Safety Program. Palmer Falls Dam, Upper Hudson River Basin, Saratoga and Warren Counties, New York. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-23

    structure with a sloping upstream I face and a rounded crest . Weir coefficients ranging from 3.1 to 3.65 over the heads encountered in routing the PMF were... cresting the spillway, however, observation of the spillway surface was made through the water. The surface of the easterly wing of the V-shaped dam appears...analysis are presented in Appendix D. if The rock surface underlying the dam varies in elevation, a condition which effects the height of the dam’s

  15. Ecology, distribution, and predictive occurrence modeling of Palmers chipmunk (Tamias palmeri): a high-elevation small mammal endemic to the Spring Mountains in southern Nevada, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lowrey, Chris E.; Longshore, Kathleen; Riddle, Brett R.; Mantooth, Stacy

    2016-01-01

    Although montane sky islands surrounded by desert scrub and shrub steppe comprise a large part of the biological diversity of the Basin and Range Province of southwestern North America, comprehensive ecological and population demographic studies for high-elevation small mammals within these areas are rare. Here, we examine the ecology and population parameters of the Palmer’s chipmunk (Tamias palmeri) in the Spring Mountains of southern Nevada, and present a predictive GIS-based distribution and probability of occurrence model at both home range and geographic spatial scales. Logistic regression analyses and Akaike Information Criterion model selection found variables of forest type, slope, and distance to water sources as predictive of chipmunk occurrence at the geographic scale. At the home range scale, increasing population density, decreasing overstory canopy cover, and decreasing understory canopy cover contributed to increased survival rates.

  16. Intergrated palmer amaranth management in glufosinate-resistant cotton: I. Soil-inversion, high-residue cover crops and herbicide regimes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Amaranthus control in cotton can be difficult with the loss of glyphosate efficacy, especially in conservation tillage cropping systems. Research was conduction from 2006 to 2008 at EV Smith Research Center, Shorter, Alabama, to determine the level of glyphosate susceptible amaranthus control provi...

  17. Backscattering enhancement for Marshall-Palmer distributed rains for a W-band nadir-pointing radar with a finite beam width

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kobayashi, Satoru; Tanelli, Simone; Im, Eastwood; Oguchi, Tomohiro

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we expand the previous theory to be applied to a generic drop size distribution with spheroidal raindrops including spherical raindrops. Results will be used to discuss the multiple scattering effects on the backscatter measurements acquired by a W-band nadir-pointing radar.

  18. A conversation with the Richmonds on their 30 years of service with the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion. Interview by David A. Palmer and Linda B. Mongero.

    PubMed

    Richmond, Beth A; Richmond, Mark G

    2009-09-01

    Beth A. Richmond, PhD, and Mark G. Richmond, EdD, Co-Executive Directors serving for the ABCP, have assumed this role for the past 30 years. Their experience working with a variety of perfusionists in the field influenced the profession and some of the professionals we view as perfusion leaders. Anyone with time working as a clinical perfusionist acknowledges the role they have had establishing the certification process and influencing perfusion education. The goal of this article is simply to highlight the Board's history through the words of both Co-Directors. Our profession, young in years, has a unique history. The names have not been changed and many of the stories have yet to be told. During the winter of 2009, we sat down with Beth and Mark Richmond to talk about their experience working with different Boards over the past 30 years. The following article is their story in their words.

  19. Uplift rates from a new high-density GPS network in Palmer Land indicate significant late Holocene ice loss in the southwestern Weddell Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolstencroft, Martin; King, Matt A.; Whitehouse, Pippa L.; Bentley, Michael J.; Nield, Grace A.; King, Edward C.; McMillan, Malcolm; Shepherd, Andrew; Barletta, Valentina; Bordoni, Andrea; Riva, Riccardo E. M.; Didova, Olga; Gunter, Brian C.

    2015-10-01

    The measurement of ongoing ice-mass loss and associated melt water contribution to sea-level change from regions such as West Antarctica is dependent on a combination of remote sensing methods. A key method, the measurement of changes in Earth's gravity via the GRACE satellite mission, requires a potentially large correction to account for the isostatic response of the solid Earth to ice-load changes since the Last Glacial Maximum. In this study, we combine glacial isostatic adjustment modelling with a new GPS dataset of solid Earth deformation for the southern Antarctic Peninsula to test the current understanding of ice history in this region. A sufficiently complete history of past ice-load change is required for glacial isostatic adjustment models to accurately predict the spatial variation of ongoing solid Earth deformation, once the independently-constrained effects of present-day ice mass loss have been accounted for. Comparisons between the GPS data and glacial isostatic adjustment model predictions reveal a substantial misfit. The misfit is localized on the southwestern Weddell Sea, where current ice models under-predict uplift rates by approximately 2 mm yr-1. This under-prediction suggests that either the retreat of the ice sheet grounding line in this region occurred significantly later in the Holocene than currently assumed, or that the region previously hosted more ice than currently assumed. This finding demonstrates the need for further fieldwork to obtain direct constraints on the timing of Holocene grounding line retreat in the southwestern Weddell Sea and that GRACE estimates of ice sheet mass balance will be unreliable in this region until this is resolved.

  20. Amend the title so as to read: `Condemning Joseph Kony and the Lord's Resistance Army for committing crimes against humanity and mass atrocities, and supporting ongoing efforts by the United States Government and governments and regional organizations in central Africa to remove Joseph Kony and Lord's Resistance Army commanders from the battlefield.'.

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Coons, Christopher A. [D-DE

    2012-03-21

    08/02/2012 Resolution agreed to in Senate with an amendment and an amendment to the Title and an amended preamble by Unanimous Consent. (text: CR S6009-6010) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. Particle Dynamics and Gravel-Bed Adjustments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-01

    detecteur des movement des sediments fins. Societe hydrotechnique de France. Transport Hydraulique et Decantation des Materiaux Solides. pp3 9 p. 38...Kirkby, MJ. (Eds.) Channel Ndork Hydrology. Wiley. Chichester. pp 129-173. 67. Lapointe, M.F. (1992) Burst-like sediment suspension events in a sand bed...alluvial sand suspension by eddy correlation. Earth Surface Processes & Landforms, 11, (in press). 69. Soulsby, R.L. (1983) The bottom boundary layer of

  2. Discovering Implicit Networks from Point Process Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-03

    by CPD Gangster Disciples Black Disciples Black P Stone & Mickey Cobras Mafia Insane Vice Lords Black P Stone Four Corner Hustlers Ambrose Latin... Kings Conservative Vice Lords Black Disciples, Black P Stone, Conservative Vice Lords Four Corner Hustlers, Black P Stone, and CBL Gangster Disciples...Unknown Vice Lords Spanish Cobras Latin Jivers Orchestra Albany Saturday, August 3, 13 ALLIANCES: FOLK NATION VS. PEOPLE NATION −87.9 −87.85 −87.8

  3. 50 CFR 100.23 - Rural determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... area (not including Voznesenka); (4) Juneau area—including Juneau, West Juneau, and Douglas; (5) Kenai... Pass; (9) Valdez; and (10) Wasilla/Palmer area—including Wasilla, Palmer, Sutton, Big Lake,...

  4. A bill to provide for the award of a gold medal on behalf of Congress to Arnold Palmer in recognition of his service to the Nation in promoting excellence and good sportsmanship in golf.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Martinez, Mel [R-FL

    2009-07-07

    07/07/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see H.R.1243, which became Public Law 111-65 on 9/30/2009. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  5. Possible Use of Two Laser Beams to Determine Particle-Size Distribution.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    Phys. Chem. 56 (1953), 955. ~Lord Rayleigh (J. W. Strutt ) , The Theory of Sound (Dover , New York 1877 , revised 1894, reprinted 1945). 5P. R. Brazier...Thacher, .7. Phys. Chem. 56 (1953), 955. ~Lord Rayleigh (.7. W. Strutt ), The Theory of Sound (Dover, New York 1877, revised 1894, reprinted 1945). 5P. R...vibrations occur. 1+Lord Rayleigh (J. W. Strutt ), The Theory of Sound (Dover, New York 1877, revised 1894, reprinted 1945). R. Brazier-Smith, M. Brook, .7

  6. Field Marshal William J. Slim: The Great General and the Breaking of the Glass Ceiling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-12

    strategic leader as set forth in Lord Wavell’s Generals and Generalship. Despite these great accomplishments, Slim ran into several "glass ceilings...criteria for a great general and strategic leader as set forth in Lord Wavell’s Genera& and Generaship. Despite these great accomplishments, Slim ran into...included the usual strong personalities--three of whom were the dynarmic and often misguided Lord Louis Mountbatten, the obstinate ’visionary’ Major

  7. Bibliography of Publications and Presentations from July 1971 Through December 1981

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    Antiaircraft Units. 1. The Development of Measures of Performance, by Francis H. Palmer and Thomas I. Myers, "Information Report, April 1954. "Task...Orientation to Studies in Group Productivity," by Francis H. Palmer, - :presentation to Social Science Research Conference on Small Group Research, April...1955. "Army Research on Individual and Unit Effectiveness," by Francis H. Palmer, presentation to Conference on Psychological Research in the San

  8. Integrating Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse DARPA Natural Language Understanding Program. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-14

    34•"tutttion Unlimited 17 i Deborah Dahi, John Dowding, Lynette Hirschman, Franpois Lang, Marcia Linebarger, Martha Palmer, Rebecca Passonneau, Leslie Riley...Linebarger, Martha Palmer, Rebecca Passonneau, Leslie Riley May 14, 1987 w Eflaa®«K®fflJffl5MMßSöföföÄ©^^ INTEGRATING SYNTAX, SEMANTICS, AND...Franpois Lang, Marcia Linebarger, Martha Palmer, Rebecca Passonneau, Leslie Rilev ARPA ORDER NUMBER: 5262 PROGRAM CODE NO. NR Ü49-602 dated 10 August

  9. Old Dad Chiro: his thoughts, words, and deeds

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Myron D.

    2010-01-01

    Objective This article offers the author's opinions about some of the thoughts, words, and deeds of the profession's founder, Daniel David Palmer. Discussion Reviewing D.D. Palmer's writings is challenging because he was the discoverer and founder of a developing profession and therefore his thoughts and words were rapidly evolving. Statements made by Palmer without judicious consideration of context could easily be misunderstood. Conclusion D.D. Palmer was individualistic and enigmatic. This commentary provides a look at the whole in an attempt to reveal the character and spirit of the founder. PMID:22693470

  10. Amnesty, Reconciliation and Reintegration: Conflict Termination in Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-15

    34Los Incas, Iberoamérica: Historia de su Civilización y Cultura,” (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1995), 33 38 Edward Hyams and George Ordish, “The Last...Iberoamérica: Historia de su Civilización y Cultura,” (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1995). Lords Hansard, , Lord Morrows, On his maiden speech to the

  11. Alexandra's Dreams: "The Mightiest of All Lovers" in Willa Cather's "O Pioneers!"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullins, Maire

    2005-01-01

    In her essay "Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power," Audre Lorde writes, "There are many kinds of power, used and unused, acknowledged or otherwise. The erotic is a resource within each of us that lies in a deeply female and spiritual plane, firmly rooted in the power of our unexpressed or unrecognized feeling." Lorde notes that women often…

  12. Upper Ocean Dynamics and Horizontal Variability in Low Winds

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-19

    Ostrom , J. Lord, P. Bouchard, and R. A. Weller, 2002. CBLAST-Low 2001 Pilot Study, Mooring Deployment Cruise and Data Report: FV Nobska, June 4 to...Woods Hole, Ma. [published] Pritchard, M., J. Gobat, W. M. Ostrom , J. Lord, P. Bouchard, and R. A. Weller, 2002. CBLAST-Low 2001 Pilot Study

  13. Secure Borders: An Arrival Zone Counterdrug National Security Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    46; Amparo Trejo, “Mexican Drug Lords Seeking New Cartel: Sources Detail Meeting of 5 Major Groups,” The Washington Post, 9 April 2001, sec. A, p...Hezbollah, Feds Say." Harrisburg (PA) Patriot News , 2 September 2002, sec. A1, p.1. Trejo, Amparo . “Mexican Drug Lords Seeking New Cartel

  14. Why the Weak Win Wars: A Study of the Factors That Drive Strategy in Asymmetric Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    recognized practice of quantifying power using the size of the population and armed 24 Alfred Tennyson Lord, “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” In The...Works of Alfred , Lord Tennyson, Vol. II. Miscellaneous Poems II (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1892), 57. 11 defensive.”26 ider the U.S. as the

  15. Modeling and Analysis of Clandestine Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    1990: 3). The terms leadership, power, and influence have occasionally been used interchangeably in the literature. Cartwright ( Cartwright , 1965...influence (Browne and Cohn, 1958; Cartwright , 1965; Lord, De Vader and Alliger, 1986; Bass, 1990), an individual possessing leadership characteristics can...psychology based leadership research ( Cartwright , 1965; Lord et al. 1986; Bass 1990) has shown that demographic characteristics, such as age, wealth

  16. Characterization of glyphosate resistance in cloned Amaranthus palmeri plants

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate resistant Palmer amaranth from Georgia (GA) possesses multiple copies of the target site, 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) of this herbicide. Cloned plants of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth biotypes from Mississippi (MS) were compared with GA populations using le...

  17. Road Tripping down the Digital Preservation Highway: Part IV--Classic Rides

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colati, Jessica Branco; Colati, Gregory C.

    2011-01-01

    "Road Tripping Down the Digital Preservation Highway" follows the continuing adventures of Peter Palmer, erstwhile librarian at Bellaluna University and manager of the library's and University's digital content, as he journeys down the Digital Preservation Highway. Palmer's problem this month was somewhat more philosophical. As manager of the…

  18. The Light Armored Cavalry Regiment -- Reconnaissance Force of the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-01

    appli- que armor made this possible. The Bradely Scout Vehicle, armed with a 25 mm cannon and a wire guided missile system, could now engage and destroy...University Press. 1986 Palmer, David Richard, Summons of the Trumpet. Novato. CA. Presidio Press. 1978. Palmer, Bruce Jr., The 25 Year War. America’s Military

  19. "The Music, Movement, and Learning Connection": A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blasi, MaryJane; Foley, Mary B.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the authors review "The Music, Movement, and Learning Connection," written by early childhood educator and musician Hap Palmer in the September 2001 issue of Young Children, which is of significant interest to parents and teachers. As trained musicians, the authors agree with Palmer's message about music's positive effect on…

  20. Determiners, Entities, and Contexts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-01

    on this paper from John Dowdinc, Lynette Hirechman, Marci• Linebarger, Marth• Palmer, Rebecc• SchiS’man, and Bonnie Webber . O c t o b e r 1, 1986...V~, September 1982. [P*Imer1988] ]V~artha S. Palmer, Deborah ~ Dahl, Rebecca J. SchiEman, Lynette Hirscbman, 1VIarcia Linebarger, and John Dowding

  1. Natural Language Processing: A Tutorial. Revision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    specific in that reference. The following examples demonstrate the concept, and some of the distinguishable types, of anaphoric reference [ Webber ; 1979...Bonnie Lynn Webber (ed.), Readings in Natural Language Processing, Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., 1986. [Grosz and Sidner; 19861...Edinburgh, 1983. (Palmer, et al; 19861 Palmer, Martha S., Deborah A. Dahl, Rebecca J. Schiffman, and Lynette Hirschman, "Recovering Implicit Information

  2. Between Constructivism and Connectedness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Mordechai

    2008-01-01

    Parker Palmer is correct in his claims that good teaching depends more on the capacity for connectedness than on technique and that helping teacher candidates cultivate a strong sense of personal identity is crucial. However, to what extent are Palmer's claims compatible with the various constructivist models of learning that are now prevalent in…

  3. Road Tripping Down the Digital Preservation Highway: Part III. Rolls Royce, Ford, or Dune Buggy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colati, Jessica Branco; Colati, Gregory C.

    2011-01-01

    "Road Tripping Down the Digital Preservation Highway" follows the continuing adventures of Peter Palmer, erstwhile librarian at Bellaluna University and manager of the library's and University's digital content, as he journeys down the Digital Preservation Highway. In this article, Palmer is put in charge of a task force to determine…

  4. Teambuilding: A Strategic Leader Imperative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-10

    following teambuilding lessons learned. In their book, The Wisdom of Teams, Jon Katzenbach and Douglas, provide a set of guidelines that leaders can follow...Leadership Quarterly, (1995): 219. 12 Northouse, 152. 13 Palmer, 139. 14 Northouse, 153. 15 Palmer, 140. 16 Ibid. 17 Ibid. 18 Jon R. Katzenbach & Douglas K

  5. A resolution commending the African Union for committing to a coordinated military response, comprised of 5,000 troops from Uganda, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Sudan, in order to fortify ongoing efforts to arrest Joseph Kony and senior commanders of the Lord's Resistance Army and to stop the crimes against humanity and mass atrocities committed by them.

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Landrieu, Mary L. [D-LA

    2012-03-29

    03/29/2012 Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. (text of measure as introduced: CR S2257-2258) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. Evaluation and application of the SPDI-JDI for droughts in Texas, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Mingwei; Ren, Liliang; Singh, Vijay P.; Tu, Xinjun; Jiang, Shanhu; Liu, Yi

    2015-02-01

    The lack of a system/model for integration of drought-related information has been an important obstacle in efforts for accurate and reliable drought monitoring and prediction. This study proposes an integrated multivariate standardized drought index (i.e. standardized Palmer drought index-based joint drought index, SPDI-JDI), where the Palmer scheme/model is accepted as a multivariate multi-index conceptual framework that integrates multiple drought-related indicators for characterizing drought. Using the meteorological data of ten climate divisions from Texas, the computed SPDI-JDI index is first compared to various ground observations (e.g. streamflow, lake/reservoir water level, soil moisture content and groundwater level) for the reflection of drought/wetness conditions. Moreover, the SPDI-JDI is also evaluated against Palmer drought indices and US Drought Monitor for drought detection. Results indicate that the SPDI-JDI is in good/acceptable agreements with surface and subsurface water anomalies and performs well with respect to the integrated use of Palmer drought severity index, Palmer modified drought index, Palmer hydrologic drought index and Palmer Z index as well as to the US Drought Monitor observations. Potential implications are that the SPDI-JDI allows for insights into different impacts of drought and leads to high probability of drought detection versus multi-source drought information, implying attractive properties originating from its physically inclusive and multivariate joint probabilistic combined nature.

  7. Lunar space missions for ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos observation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gusev, G. A.; Chechin, V. A.; Ryabov, V. A.

    2013-05-01

    Two stages of exploring the lunar surface as a target for the interaction of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and neutrinos are discussed. The first step is connected with the Lunar Orbital Radio Detector (LORD) experiment in the space mission Luna-Glob, scheduled for the near future. The current status of the LORD instrument development is represented. The aperture of the lunar orbital radio detector exceeds all existing ground-based detector arrays. Successful completion of the LORD experiment will permit to consider the second step of the program namely multi-satellite lunar systems to increase the statistics and the accuracy of the experiment.

  8. American National Will and the Vietnam War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-23

    changing American goals in the war was reinforced by General Bruce Palmer, the deputy Cormander of 2 U.S. Forces In Vietnem and 1 r the Vice Chief of Staff...1976, p. lo. 5. Cited in Summers, Op. cit., p. 11. 6. Palmer, Bruce . The 25-Year War: America’s Role in Vietnam. The University Press of Kentucky, 19...topic and fertile grounds for another article. Richard Nixon, in his most rec-nt book, No More Vietnams. 1985, and General Bruce Palmer, Jr. provide

  9. Der Physik-Nobelpreis vor 100 Jahren Die Entdeckung des trägen Gases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobi, Manfred

    2004-11-01

    Im Jahr 1904 erhielt der britische Physiker Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt, 1842 bis 1919) den Nobelpreis für seine Untersuchungen über die Dichte von Gasen und die Entdeckung des Edelgases Argon.

  10. 3 CFR 8774 - Proclamation 8774 of January 13, 2012. Religious Freedom Day, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the Statute’s declaration that “Almighty God hath created the mind free,” and reaffirm that the... January, in the year of our Lord two thousand twelve, and of the Independence of the United States...

  11. 3 CFR 8840 - Proclamation 8840 of June 29, 2012. To Modify Duty-Free Treatment Under the Generalized System of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Ministerial Declaration on Trade in Information Technology Products (the “ITA”) for the United States... Lord two thousand twelve, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred...

  12. 77 FR 75355 - Bill of Rights Day, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ... basis for peace in our world. In adopting the 10 Constitutional Amendments that make up the Bill of... fourteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand twelve, and of the Independence of...

  13. 76 FR 29801 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-23

    ... Property Casualty Syracuse, NY 05/04/11 05/02/11 (Workers). 80148 LORD Corporation (Company). Cary, NC 05... Products, Inc. Conshohocken, PA...... 05/05/11 03/31/11 (Workers). 80151 Sound Publishing...

  14. The Age-of-the-Earth-Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badash, Lawrence

    1989-01-01

    Summarizes the development of the Earth's age calculation including the work of Archbishop Ussher, James Hutton, Lord Kelvin, Ernest Rutherford, Bertram Boltwood, and Arthur Holmes. Describes the changes in radioisotope dating methods. (YP)

  15. Churchill, Moran and the struggle for survival.

    PubMed

    Beasley, A W

    2010-12-01

    This paper examines the association between Winston Churchill and Charles McMoran Wilson, later Lord Moran, who was made personal physician to Churchill in 1940 at the instigation of the Cabinet when Churchill became prime minister of wartime Britain.

  16. Our leaders would do well to emulate Florence Nightingale.

    PubMed

    Owen, Michael

    2011-09-28

    There may be few nurses in parliament ( editorial September 7 ), but there are many non-nurses in the Commons and the Lords fighting our cause and, more importantly, trying to reverse the damage of NHS 'reforms'.

  17. 3 CFR 8988 - Proclamation 8988 of May 31, 2013. Great Outdoors Month, 2013

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... a tradition of innovation that makes our country the most dynamic economy on earth. For centuries... hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of May, in the year of our Lord two thousand thirteen, and...

  18. USAF Cyberspace Command: To Fly and Fight in Cyberspace

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    AFB, Louisiana. He is responsible for establishing cyberspace as a domain in and through which the Air Force flies and fights to deliver sovereign...Lord.indd 5 8/8/08 12:54:27 PM USAF Cyberspace Command To Fly and Fight in Cyberspace William T. Lord, Major General, USAF Safeguarding our...nation at war. Our military is engaged in a fight against groups and individuals who follow an ideology that has as its fundamental tenets a

  19. Enhancements and Extensions of Formal Models for Risk Assessment in Software Projects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    The special case, alpha = 2, is called the Rayleigh Distribution with scale parameter beta, named after William Strutt , Lord Rayleigh . Table VI-2...curves, named after the 19th century physicist Lord Rayleigh (Putn96): 2 2 aty Kate−= where y = manpower rate at each point on the curve (such... Rayleigh curve, as documented by (Putn80) and (Boeh81) is a reasonably good fit for the manpower projections. Putnam observed that a strong

  20. Discrete-Mode Source Development and Testing for New Seismo-Acoustic Sonar

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-03-01

    the English scientist, Lord Rayleigh (J.W. Strutt ) [Ref. 6] demonstrated theoretically that there exist waves that can propagate over the planar...and T.G. Muir, Aug. 1994. 6. Rayleigh , Lord (J.W. Strutt ), "On Waves Propagated along the Plane Surface of an Elastic Solid," Proceedings London...13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) A seismo-acoustic sonar concept that uses guided interface waves ( Rayleigh or Schölte) is being developed to

  1. Nearfield Acoustic Radiation from a Point-Excited Cylindrical Shell

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-26

    the interest and assistance of Dr. William Von Winkle, Dr. John Kingsbury, Dr. Charles Sherman, Dr. Ronald Radlinski, Larry Freeman, and George Carey is...Fortpflanzungsgesch-windigkeiten von Schwingungen in einem unbegrenzten isotropen kreiscylinder," Z. Math. 81, 324-26. Rayleigh , Lord (J. W. Strutt ) (1887). "On...waves propagating along the surface of an elastic solid," Proc. Math. Soc. London 17, 4. Rayleigh , Lord (J. W. Strutt ) (1945). The Theory of Sound, 2nd

  2. Reposturing the Force: U.S. Overseas Presence in the Twenty-first Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time...comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1 . REPORT DATE FEB 2006 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES...Carnes Lord v Introduction, by Carnes Lord 1 CHAPTER ONE Thinking about Basing 9 by Robert E. Harkavy CHAPTER TWO Transforming the U.S. Global Defense

  3. Piercing the Fog and Information Superiority before the Information Age: The American Use of Information in War, 1776

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-07

    and princetown and Lord Stirling expressed a wish to make an attack upon these two places.൤ Perhaps the greatest OPSEC wonder has to do with the...26 65 George Washington to Lord Stirling , December 14, 1776, The Writings of George Washingtonfrom the Original Manuscript Sources 1745-1799, vol. 6...York: Simon and Shuster, 2005. Middlekauff, Robert . The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. USA: Oxford University Press, 1985

  4. Educating for Landpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-23

    UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Captain Albert Lord Department of Military Strategy, Planning, and Operations 8...RESEARCH PROJECT EDUCATING FOR LANDPOWER by Lieutenant Colonel Michael S. Lewis United States Army Captain Albert Lord Project Adviser This SRP is...Napoleon ler; Publiee par ordre de l’empereur Napoleon III, 1858-1869, [Herafter Correspondance.], III, 2392 “Au President de L’Institut National [ Camus

  5. Dredging Research Program: Hydraulically Transported Clay Balls

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-01

    0.764660 cubic meters faet 0.3048 mews inches 2.64 cemtilnw pounds (boa) 4.448222 newtons pounds (nmas) per cubic foot 16.01846 Idlorams per cubic meoer...disintegration. Research has also been done by Syncrude Ltd. (Lord and Issac 1988), an oil shale mining company in Alberta, Canada. This research was...those cut by the cultterhead (Lord and Issac 1988). kwstlgmUfon promdures Improvements in investigation procedures also need to be made. Ideally

  6. 78 FR 64408 - Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan; Importer Membership Requirements and Referendum Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-29

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1210 Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan; Importer Membership Requirements and Referendum Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service... www.regulations.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeanette Palmer, Marketing...

  7. 36 CFR 242.23 - Rural determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...—including Juneau, West Juneau, and Douglas; (5) Kenai area—including Kenai, Soldotna, Sterling, Nikiski...—including Wasilla, Palmer, Sutton, Big Lake, Houston, Point MacKenzie, and Bodenburg Butte. (b)...

  8. Spectral discrimination of two pigweeds from cotton with different leaf colors

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    To implement strategies to control Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.) and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) infestations in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production systems, managers need effective techniques to identify the weeds. Leaf light reflectance measurements have shown...

  9. 77 FR 6826 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Pub. L. 95-541)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... certain animals and certain geographic areas a requiring special protection. The regulations establish... Palmer Station for experimentation. The applicant will use Escherichia coli strain BL21DE3 for...

  10. 77 FR 42430 - Revocation of Class E Airspace; Lloydsville, PA, and Amendment of Class D and E Airspace; Latrobe...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... (404) 305-6364. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: History On May 11, 2012, the FAA published in the Federal... surface of the earth. * * * * * AEA PA E5 Lloydsville, PA AEA PA E5 Latrobe, PA Arnold Palmer...

  11. 78 FR 56744 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Pub. L. 95-541)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ... as in the general vicinity of Palmer Station (ASMA 7). All materials collected would be salvaged; the... activities described above would disturb native birds and mammals. Location ASPA 149 Cape Shireff and ASMA...

  12. Regional Observing Systems: Observations and Pilot Studies On Board the Explorer of the Seas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-30

    Royal Caribbean Cruise Ship . Explorer of the Seas Research Group: (O. Brown, E. Prager, P. Minnett, B. Albrecht, H. Maring , P. Ortner, S. Cummings, D. Wilson, D. Palmer, E. Williams). Submitted to EOS.

  13. MPS (Mucopolysaccharidoses) and Related Diseases

    MedlinePlus

    ... Palmer 2017 Annual Family Conference - registration now open! Napa Valley Walk/Run Read More Events May 15 ... Dollar Bike Ride May 21 2017 National Run-Napa Valley, CA Aug 03 2017 Annual Family Conference ...

  14. Web surveys' hidden hazards.

    PubMed

    Morrel-Samuels, Palmer

    2003-07-01

    The same question posed on the Web and in print can yield very different answers, dramatically distorting survey results and misleading management. But, as psychologist Palmer Morrel-Samuels demonstrates, the problems are readily fixed.

  15. Constructing a philosophy of chiropractic: evolving worldviews and postmodern core☆

    PubMed Central

    Senzon, Simon A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this article is to explore the postmodern, postrational, and postconventional core of DD Palmer's self-sense and philosophy. Discussion DD Palmer's self and philosophy can be viewed as a reaction to the self of modernity and its challenges of a fracture between mind and body, spirit, and nature. It is argued that Palmer's solution to these vexing problems facing the modern self was to use postrational and postconventional logic to overcome the dualisms. His philosophy resonates with similar postrational approaches, most notably, the German idealist Schelling. Conclusion It is argued that Palmer was one of the first postrational individuals in America and that chiropractic was an attempt at the first postrational health profession. PMID:22693480

  16. Constructing a philosophy of chiropractic: evolving worldviews and modern foundation☆

    PubMed Central

    Senzon, Simon A.

    2011-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this article is to trace the foundations of DD Palmer's sense of self and philosophy of chiropractic to its sources in modern Western philosophy as well as current metatheories about modernity. Discussion DD Palmer's sense of self was indicative of a modern self. A modern self is characterized as a self that developed after the Western Enlightenment and must come to terms with the insights of modernity such as Cartesian dualism, Spinoza's substance, Rousseau's expressivism, and Kant's critiques. It is argued that Palmer's philosophy can be viewed as part of the this tradition alongside his involvement in the 19th century American metaphysical religious culture, which was itself a response to these challenges of the modern self of modernity. Conclusion Palmer's development of chiropractic and its philosophy was a reaction to the challenges and promises of modernity. PMID:22693479

  17. Perspective on Software Reuse

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    structured systems analysis [Gane & Sarson; McMenamin & Palmer] which tries to separate the "logical system" requirements from the "physical aspects...6. Lewis. T.G., Apple Macintosh Software, Software Reviews, IEEE Software, March 1985, pp. 89-92. 7. McMenamin S.M. and Palmer, J.F., Essential...lb. RESTRICTIVE MARKINGS NONE 2a. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY N/A 2b. OECLASSIFICATION/OOWNGRAOING SCHEDULE 3. OlSTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY

  18. Societal Unity of Effort, a Fork in the Road to Development or Disaster -- Considerations for State Building

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-25

    Social and Economic Organization, ed. by Talcott Parsons , (New York: Oxford University Press, 1947) 114-118. 18 Norbu, 20-22. 19 Palmer, 80-86...1992. Palmer, Monte. Political Development Dilemmas and Challenges. Illinois: F. E. Peacock, 1997. Parsons , Talcott , Edward Shils, Kaspar D. Naegele...York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Weber, Max. The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, edited by Talcott Parsons . New York: Oxford

  19. Assessment of Chiropractic Treatment for Low Back Pain, Military Readiness and Smoking Cessation in Military Active Duty Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    System; Wayne B. Jonas, M.D. of Samueli Institute; Anthony J. Lisi, DC of Veterans Health Administration; Dennis Marchiori, DC, Ph.D. of Palmer...received official signatures from: WRNMMC, Samueli Institute, Palmer College of Chiropractic and RAND Corporation and San Diego Commanding Admiral, who...review. Once an IT Impact Statement is obtained from WRNMMC the amendment will be sent for legal review. Samueli Institute is in the process of

  20. Assessment of Chiropractic Treatment for Low Back Pain, Military Readiness and Smoking Cessation in Military Active Duty Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    protocol changes. The amendments were routed through all 5 IRBs (RAND, Palmer, NHP, NMCSD, and WRNMMC) prior to site implementation. Samueli ...Chiropractic care on reaction and response times. CONTACT INFORMATION: Ian Coulter, PhD ACT Principal Investigator RAND Corp Samueli Chair in...Chiropractic Research Ph: (563)885-5150 Email: christine.goertz@palmer.edu Joan Walter, JD, PA ACT Co-Investigator Samueli Institute/VP, Military

  1. A Literature Review of Millimeter and Submillimeter Radiation Absorption and Scattering in the Atmosphere

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-10-01

    Physics, is a listing of data from two different groups on how the static dielectric constant of water varies with temperature . The static dielectric...Measured Attenuation in Rain for 0.96 cm Radiation vs Rainfall Rate Specific Backscattering Cross Section of Rain of Different Intensity at 18°C...Marshall-Palmer Distribution Attenuation Coefficient of Rain of Different 81 Intensity at 18°C, Marshall-Palmer Distri- bution and Best

  2. US Army War College Information Operations Primer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    Steve Iatrou from the Information Operations Center of Excellence, Naval Postgraduate School: Mr. Paul Palmer and COL Mike Dominique USA, both...International Transformation Conference, June 3, 2009). 5 Cebrowski, 7. 6 Magnus Ekman et al., An In-Depth Look at Computer Performance Growth, Technical...Dominique Program Manage/Deputy Mr. Paul Palmer; YC-02 OPERATIONS Chief of Operations Mr. Cameron M. Wesson; YC-02 Information Engagements Ms

  3. Parameterisation of clastic sediments including benthic structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bobertz, B.; Harff, J.; Bohling, B.

    2009-02-01

    The sediment transport processes in the south-western Baltic Sea are predicted by means of a numerical model in the project DYNAS. There are two sediment parameters that influence the results of modelling remarkably: critical shear stress velocity and bottom roughness. This paper presents the way how to parameterise these factors and extrapolate them into the investigation area. The critical shear stress velocity is parameterised basing on grain size data, combining approximations after Hjulström [Hjulström, F., 1935: Studies in the morphological activity of rivers as illustrated by the river Fyris. Geological Institution of University of Uppsala: Bulletin (25): 221-528.], Shields [Shields, A., 1936: Anwendung der Ähnlichkeits-Mechanik und der Turbulenzforschung auf die Geschiebebewegung. Mitteilungen der Preussischen Versuchsanstalt für Wasserbau und Schiffahrt (26): 26 pp.] and Bohling [Bohling, B., 2003: Untersuchungen zur Mobilität natürlicher und anthropogener Sedimente in der Mecklenburger Bucht. unpublished doctoral thesis, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald/Germany, 156 pp.]. The roughness length, in the case of absence of macro zoo-benthos and their structures, is parameterised basing on grain size too employing Soulsby [Soulsby, R.L., 1997: Dynamics of Marine Sands: a Manual for Practical Applications. London, Thomas Telford Publications. 249 pp.], Nielsen [Nielsen, P., 1983: Analytical determination of nearshore wave height variation due to refraction shoaling and friction. Coastal Engineering 7, 233-251.] and Yalin [Yalin, M.S., 1977: Mechanics of Sediment Transport. Pergamon Press, New York. 298 pp.]. No equivalent simple parameterisations for biologically caused bed roughness exist. Here, findings of Friedrichs [Friedrichs, M., 2004: Flow-induced effects of macro zoo-benthic structures on the near-bed sediment transport. Dissertation, Universität Rostock, 80 S.] and estimations by the DYNAS

  4. A new angle for glp-1 receptor agonist: the medical economics argument. Editorial on: Huetson P, Palmer JL, Levorsen A, et al. Cost-effectiveness of the once-daily glp-1 receptor agonist lixisenatide compared to bolus insulin both in combination with basal insulin for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes in Norway. J Med Econ 2015: 1-13 [Epub ahead of print].

    PubMed

    Valencia, Willy Marcos; Florez, Hermes Jose

    2015-01-01

    Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) are relatively new medications for diabetes that offer a weight-loss profile that can be considered desirable for patients with both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. GLP-1 RA are effective in combination with insulin, and even slightly superior or at least equal to short-acting insulin in T2D; however, since they work in the incretin system, they may not be effective in long-standing disease. Additionally, only recently have publications reported their cardiovascular safety, and there is limited evidence for long-term effectiveness. The work presented by Huetson et al. offers a much needed perspective through a medical economic model for the long term cost-effectiveness of GLP-1 RA. The authors found benefits in quality-adjusted life years and reduced lifetime healthcare costs. While there are a few limitations, this study contributes to the understanding of these agents and their impact on the epidemics of obesity in T2D, where weight management is no longer an option, but an essential component of the diabetes plan of care.

  5. Seasonal, latitudinal and diurnal distributions of whistler-induced electron precipitation events

    SciTech Connect

    Carpenter, D.L.; Inan, U.S. )

    1987-04-01

    The seasonal, latitudinal, and diurnal distributions of whistler-induced electron precipitation events, detected as subionospheric signal perturbations (Trimpi events), have been studied by means of data sets acquired in 1982-1983 at Palmer and Siple stations, Antarctica. The data sets, substantially larger than any previously examined, confirm previous indications of a broad ({approximately} 4 hour) maximum in hourly event occurrence rates. The peak was centered {approximately} 1-2 hours after local midnight at Palmer for the roughly north-south Argentina Omega 12.9-kHz path, but was shifted several hours later for the 23.4-kHz NPM path, which has a westerly arrival bearing at Palmer. The previously reported seasonal variation, with peaks at the equinoxes, was confirmed; activity persisted in the austral winter, particularly following a magnetic storm, but in general occurred on fewer days and during shorter daily periods. Comparisons of occurrence data at Siple (L {approx equal} 4.3) and Palmer (L {approx equal}2.4) for particular signal sources showed the number of days of activity to be larger at Palmer by a factor of {approximately} 2 or more. Comparisons of five months of simultaneous Palmer and Siple receptions of 21.4-kHz NSS signals on north-south paths suggest that most of the events observed at Siple occurred as the result of ionospheric perturbations relatively close to the L shell of Palmer, that is, in the range L = 2-3. This result is consistent with the expected variation with latitude of the energy of electrons precipitated due to equatorial gyroresonance at typical whistler frequencies.

  6. Impact of Stochastic Parameterization Schemes on Coupled and Uncoupled Climate Simulations with the Community Earth System Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christensen, H. M.; Berner, J.; Coleman, D.; Palmer, T.

    2015-12-01

    Stochastic parameterizations have been used for more than a decade in atmospheric models to represent the variability of unresolved sub-grid processes. They have a beneficial effect on the spread and mean state of medium- and extended-range forecasts (Buizza et al. 1999, Palmer et al. 2009). There is also increasing evidence that stochastic parameterization of unresolved processes could be beneficial for the climate of an atmospheric model through noise enhanced variability, noise-induced drift (Berner et al. 2008), and by enabling the climate simulator to explore other flow regimes (Christensen et al. 2015; Dawson and Palmer 2015). We present results showing the impact of including the Stochastically Perturbed Parameterization Tendencies scheme (SPPT) in coupled runs of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Atmosphere Model, version 4 (CAM4) with historical forcing. The SPPT scheme accounts for uncertainty in the CAM physical parameterization schemes, including the convection scheme, by perturbing the parametrised temperature, moisture and wind tendencies with a multiplicative noise term. SPPT results in a large improvement in the variability of the CAM4 modeled climate. In particular, SPPT results in a significant improvement to the representation of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation in CAM4, improving the power spectrum, as well as both the inter- and intra-annual variability of tropical pacific sea surface temperatures. References: Berner, J., Doblas-Reyes, F. J., Palmer, T. N., Shutts, G. J., & Weisheimer, A., 2008. Phil. Trans. R. Soc A, 366, 2559-2577 Buizza, R., Miller, M. and Palmer, T. N., 1999. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 125, 2887-2908. Christensen, H. M., I. M. Moroz & T. N. Palmer, 2015. Clim. Dynam., doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2239-9 Dawson, A. and T. N. Palmer, 2015. Clim. Dynam., doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2238-x Palmer, T.N., R. Buizza, F. Doblas-Reyes, et al., 2009, ECMWF technical memorandum 598.

  7. Nature of fluid flows in differentially heated cylindrical container filled with a stratified solution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Jai-Ching

    1992-01-01

    Semiconductor crystals such as Hg(1-x)Cd(x)Te grown by unidirectional solidification Bridgmann method have shown compositional segregations in both the axial and radial directions. Due to the wide separation between the liquidus and the solidus of its pseudobinary phase diagram, there is a diffusion layer of higher HgTe content built up in the melt near the melt-solid interface which gives a solute concentration gradient in the axial direction. Because of the higher thermal conductivity in the melt than that in the crystal there is a thermal leakage through the fused silica crucible wall near the melt-solid interface. This gives a thermal gradient in the radial direction. Hart (1971), Thorpe, Hutt and Soulsby (1969) have shown that under such condition a fluid will become convectively unstable as a result of different diffusivities of temperature and solute. It is quite important to understand the effects of this thermosolute convection on the compositional segregation in the unidirectionally solidified crystals. To reach this goal, we start with a simplified problem. We study the nature of fluid flows of a stratified solution in a cylindrical container with a radial temperature gradient. The cylindrical container wall is considered to be maintained at a higher temperature than that at the center of the solution and the solution in the lower gravitational direction has higher solute concentration which decrease linearly to a lower concentration and then remain constant to the top of the solution. The sample solution is taken to be salt water.

  8. R (on the application of Quintavalle) v Secretary of State for Health.

    PubMed

    2003-01-01

    Court Decision: [2003] 2 All England Law Reports 113; 2003 Mar 13 (date of decision). The House of Lords affirmed a Court of Appeal decision that embryos created through cell nuclear replacement were regulated by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990. The House of Lords agreed with the Court of Appeal that a purposive reading of the statute was required for two reasons. First, the intent of Parliament was merely to regulate certain uses of embryos, and second, the technology used in cell nuclear replacement was unknown to Parliament at the time. The House of Lords also held that the moment the embryo was created was when the haploid, or recipient, nucleus of the egg was replaced with a diploid, or donor, one. This procedure was not prohibited by statute because no embryo with a complete set of chromosomes existed prior to such replacement of the nucleus.

  9. Parliamentary privilege—mortality in members of the Houses of Parliament compared with the UK general population: retrospective cohort analysis, 1945-2011

    PubMed Central

    Dennis, John; Crayford, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine mortality in members of the two UK Houses of Parliament compared with the general population, 1945-2011. Design Retrospective cohort analysis of death rates and predictors of mortality in Members of Parliament (MPs) and members of the House of Lords (Lords). Setting UK. Participants 4950 MPs and Lords first joining the UK parliament in 1945-2011. Main outcome measure Standardised mortality ratios, comparing all cause death rates of MPs and Lords from first election or appointment with those in the age, sex, and calendar year matched general population. Results Between 1945 and 2011, mortality was lower in MPs (standardised mortality ratio 0.72, 95% confidence interval 0.67 to 0.76) and Lords (0.63, 0.60 to 0.67) than in the general population. Over the same period, death rates among MPs also improved more quickly than in the general population. For every 100 expected deaths, 22 fewer deaths occurred among MPs first elected in 1990-99 compared with MPs first elected in 1945-49. Labour party MPs had 19% higher death rates compared with the general population than did Conservative MPs (relative mortality ratio 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.01 to 1.40). The effect of political party on mortality disappeared when controlling for education level. Conclusions From 1945 to 2011, MPs and Lords experienced lower mortality than the UK general population, and, at least until 1999, the mortality gap between newly elected MPs and the general population widened. Even among MPs, educational background was an important predictor of mortality, and education possibly explains much of the mortality difference between Labour and Conservative MPs. Social inequalities are alive and well in UK parliamentarians, and at least in terms of mortality, MPs are likely to have never had it so good. PMID:26666644

  10. A piecewise linear finite element discretization of the diffusion equation for arbitrary polyhedral grids

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, Teresa S. Adams, Marvin L. Yang, Brian Zika, Michael R.

    2008-04-01

    We develop a piecewise linear (PWL) Galerkin finite element spatial discretization for the multi-dimensional radiation diffusion equation. It uses recently introduced piecewise linear weight and basis functions in the finite element approximation and it can be applied on arbitrary polygonal (2D) or polyhedral (3D) grids. We first demonstrate some analytical properties of the PWL method and perform a simple mode analysis to compare the PWL method with Palmer's vertex-centered finite-volume method and with a bilinear continuous finite element method. We then show that this new PWL method gives solutions comparable to those from Palmer's. However, since the PWL method produces a symmetric positive-definite coefficient matrix, it should be substantially more computationally efficient than Palmer's method, which produces an asymmetric matrix. We conclude that the Galerkin PWL method is an attractive option for solving diffusion equations on unstructured grids.

  11. Stueckelberg and Molecular Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lacki, Jan

    The first period of E. C. G. Stueckelberg's scientific career was marked by important contributions he made to molecular physics.1 After publishing his thesis in 1927 in Basel [1] Stueckelberg joined the prestigious Palmer Physical Laboratory in Princeton where he worked under the guidance of Karl Taylor Compton, brother of Arthur Holly Compton. Stueckelberg owed this position devoted several papers to problems of molecular physics. Stueckelberg had the benefit at Princeton of exchanges with other gifted members of the Palmer Physical Laboratory, Philip M. Morse and E. U. Condon among others.3 to a recommendation by A. Sommerfeld.2 In this stimulating environment, he devoted several papers to problems of molecular physics. Stueckelberg had the benefit at Princeton of exchanges with other gifted members of the Palmer Physical Laboratory, Philip M. Morse and E. U. Condon among others.3

  12. U.S. Rep. Bill Nelson of Florida during medical tests at JSC's Clinic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    U.S. Rep. Bill Nelson of Florida during medical tests at JSC's Clinic. Photos include Rep. Nelson talking to Sharon Briceno (center) and Betty Lord before the tests begin. The congressman's torso bears a number of sensors for the testing (40835); Portrait view of Rep. Nelson with sensors attached to his chest (40836); Rep. Nelson gets some assistance from nurses at the clinic as he prepares to participate in medical tests. Help is provided by Betty Lord, right, and Sharon Briceno (40837); Rep. Nelson is being assisted to don 'halo' device for tests (40838); Rep. Nelson runs in place on a treadmill device (40839).

  13. The Church in the Thought of Charles Taze Russell

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-07-01

    There were other activities, programs, and changes. Russell debated Methodist E. L. Eaton in 1903 and Disciples of Christ elder L. S . White in 1908. In...only to the Lord and to those who have his Spirit. To what are they to come? As of 1893, we read: The true view, as we conceive it, is as follows: God’s...attention to the Lord’s Supper and to Baptism during this period. The Memorial Supper was an annual event that was to be celebrated on the thirteenth day

  14. The Fighting Colonel: Ranald S. MacKenzie’s Leadership on the Texas Frontier

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    encouraged Kicking Bird to return because he knew what would happen if Mackenzie located that Kiowa band. Mackenzie and his men weathered the harsh...Comanche, often called the “Lords of the Southern Plains,” were some of the most fierce and ruthless Indians on the plains. They posed a major problem for...threat to the frontier settlements. The Comanche, often called the “Lords of the Southern Plains,” were some of the most fierce and ruthless Indians on

  15. Amplified fragment length polymorphism-based genetic relationships among weedy Amaranthus species.

    PubMed

    Wassom, J J; Tranel, P J

    2005-01-01

    Weedy Amaranthus species frequently cause economically significant reductions in crop yields. Accurate identification of Amaranthus species is important for efficient weed control, but Amaranthus species can interbreed, which might cause difficulty when identifying hybrid-derived specimens. To determine which of several economically important weedy Amaranthus species are most genetically similar, and thus most likely to produce viable hybrids, we performed amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-based unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) analysis on 8 of these species, with 141 specimens representing 98 accessions. The analysis grouped the specimens into four principal clusters composed of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.) and spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus L.); Powell amaranth (Amaranthus powellii S. Wats.), redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.), and smooth pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus L.); waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) Sauer) and sandhills amaranth (Amaranthus arenicola I.M. Johnst.); and tumble pigweed (Amaranthus albus L.). The cluster analysis provided evidence suggesting hybridization among Powell amaranth, redroot pigweed, and smooth pigweed. Further investigations using molecular analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region from atypical plants supported this notion. Three species, Palmer amaranth, sandhills amaranth, and waterhemp, are dioecious; nevertheless, the Palmer amaranth and waterhemp-sandhills amaranth clusters were distinct from each other. The Palmer amaranth-spiny amaranth cluster included a cluster of Palmer amaranth and two clusters of spiny amaranth, a monoecious species. Thus the dioecious species Palmer amaranth and waterhemp may not necessarily hybridize with each other more readily than they would to one or more of the monoecious Amaranthus species.

  16. Hole in one: a history of its founding.

    PubMed

    Nash, J; Johnson, C D; Green, B N

    1996-12-01

    Following closely upon the controversial introduction of the Neurocalometer in 1924, the announcement of the Hole-In-One (HIO) theory created yet another significant stir in the chiropractic profession in the early 1930s. Surprisingly, no one has ever tried to trace the history of HIO using primary reference material. Today, numerous spin-off techniques from HIO exist. Some claim that B.J. Palmer invented HIO while others say it was Aleck August Wernsing, D.C., from California. Was it really B.J. Palmer's idea, or did he get it from Wernsing? In this paper the authors have attempted to trace the origins of HIO theory.

  17. A Piecewise Linear Finite Element Discretization of the Diffusion Equation for Arbitrary Polyhedral Grids

    SciTech Connect

    Bailey, T S; Adams, M L; Yang, B; Zika, M R

    2005-07-15

    We develop a piecewise linear (PWL) Galerkin finite element spatial discretization for the multi-dimensional radiation diffusion equation. It uses piecewise linear weight and basis functions in the finite element approximation, and it can be applied on arbitrary polygonal (2D) or polyhedral (3D) grids. We show that this new PWL method gives solutions comparable to those from Palmer's finite-volume method. However, since the PWL method produces a symmetric positive definite coefficient matrix, it should be substantially more computationally efficient than Palmer's method, which produces an asymmetric matrix. We conclude that the Galerkin PWL method is an attractive option for solving diffusion equations on unstructured grids.

  18. Developments in Latent Trait Theory: A Review of Models, Technical Issues, and Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambleton, Ronald K.; And Others

    Latent trait theory supposes that, in testing situations, examinee performance on a test can be predicted (or explained) by defining examinee characteristics, referred to as traits, estimating scores for examinees on these traits and using the scores to predict or explain test performance (Lord and Novick, 1968). In view of the breakthroughs in…

  19. A Normalized Direct Approach for Estimating the Parameters of the Normal Ogive Three-Parameter Model for Ability Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gugel, John F.

    A new method for estimating the parameters of the normal ogive three-parameter model for multiple-choice test items--the normalized direct (NDIR) procedure--is examined. The procedure is compared to a more commonly used estimation procedure, Lord's LOGIST, using computer simulations. The NDIR procedure uses the normalized (mid-percentile)…

  20. An Adversarial Exchange on Adversarial Ethics: Text, Subtext, and Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhode, Deborah L.

    1991-01-01

    Presented in the form of a debate and rebuttals are both sides of the issue, first stated by Lord Brougham in 1820, of a client's legal and moral rights to his counsel's total support. It is concluded that advocacy in law does not carry some special authority or excuse the lawyer from accepting moral responsibility for his professional choices.…

  1. Efficiencies in alginate encapsulation of vegetative explants

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The goal of this study was to improve a non-mechanized bulk encapsulation technique to standardize encapsulation procedures and reduce the labor time compared to encapsulating individual nodes. Four mm-long nodal segments from Stage II cultures of Hibiscus moscheutos L. ‘Lord Baltimore’ were encapsu...

  2. Reform and Development of Higher Education: A European Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Cultural Cooperation, Strasbourg (France).

    Higher education in Southern Europe was the topic of a symposium sponsored by the Council for Cultural Co-operation of the Council of Europe. The following speeches were presented: "Problems of Expansion and Change in Higher Education: An English View," by Lord James of Rusholme, United Kingdom; "The German Advisory Council for…

  3. Enjoy and Achieve: Finding Opportunities to Action the "Every Child Matters" Framework to Provide Opportunities for Children and Adults to Work Collaboratively on an Outdoor Learning Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snowden, Emma

    2009-01-01

    "Every Child Matters" (ECM), an agenda for agencies working with children, was introduced following the tragic death of Victoria Climbie in 2001. Lord Laming produced a report that proposed a new way of working for all professionals working with children. In June 2003, under a Labour government, the first Children's minister was appointed and the…

  4. Are You Willing to Have Your Students Join Ralph, Jack, and Piggy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arver, Cara M.

    2007-01-01

    High school teacher Cara M. Arver walks teachers through her experience of setting up a virtual world to augment students' reading of "Lord of the Flies." Students interact as additional characters, discuss and solve problems based on the circumstances of the story, and complete classroom assignments within a virtual environment.

  5. Temperature Scales: Celsius, Fahrenheit, Kelvin, Reamur, and Romer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romer, Robert H.

    1982-01-01

    Traces the history and development of temperature scales which began with the 17th-century invention of the liquid-in-glass thermometer. Focuses on the work of Olaf Romer, Daniel Fahrenheit, Rene-Antoine de Reamur, Anders Celsius, and William Thomson (Lord Kelvin). Includes experimental work and consideration of high/low fixed points on the…

  6. Forced Conscription of Children during Armed Conflict: Experiences of Former Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vindevogel, Sofie; Coppens, Kathleen; Derluyn, Ilse; De Schryver, Maarten; Loots, Gerrit; Broekaert, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Child soldiering can be considered as one of the worst practices of institutionalized child abuse. However, little is known about the scope and nature of this abuse and the consequent experiences of children enrolled in an armed faction. This research aims at enriching the knowledge on the experiences of child soldiers in the Lord's…

  7. Local Observed-Score Kernel Equating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiberg, Marie; van der Linden, Wim J.; von Davier, Alina A.

    2014-01-01

    Three local observed-score kernel equating methods that integrate methods from the local equating and kernel equating frameworks are proposed. The new methods were compared with their earlier counterparts with respect to such measures as bias--as defined by Lord's criterion of equity--and percent relative error. The local kernel item response…

  8. LOGTRUE: A Computer Program for Test Equating with Item Response Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, S. E.; Anderson, A. E.

    The LOGTRUE program can be used to obtain a scale of equated raw scores for two tests with parameter estimates on a common item response theory scale. The program derives its name from the method of logistic true score equating described by Lord (1980). The method can be applied to two tests with overlapping items administered to different groups…

  9. 77 FR 18895 - Cesar Chavez Day, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... Documents#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8786 of March 23, 2012 Cesar Chavez Day, 2012 By the President of the United... hereby proclaim March 31, 2012, as Cesar Chavez Day. I call upon all Americans to observe this day with... WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of March, in the year of our Lord two...

  10. 77 FR 68043 - World Freedom Day, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-15

    ... Documents#0;#0; #0; #0;Title 3-- #0;The President ] Proclamation 8903 of November 9, 2012 World Freedom Day..., 2012, as World Freedom Day. I call upon the people of the United States to observe this day with... WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of November, in the year of our Lord two...

  11. Homer: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, George, Ed.; Fagles, Robert, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by George Steiner, Leo Tolstoy, Ezra Pound, Erich Auerbach, Edwin Muir, Cedric H. Whitman, Albert B. Lord, W. H. Auden, Ernst Bloch, Georg Lukacs, C. Day Lewis, Gabriel Germain, Franz Kafka, Rachel Bespaloff, Robert…

  12. Statistical Models and Inference for the True Equating Transformation in the Context of Local Equating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    González, B. Jorge; von Davier, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    Based on Lord's criterion of equity of equating, van der Linden (this issue) revisits the so-called local equating method and offers alternative as well as new thoughts on several topics including the types of transformations, symmetry, reliability, and population invariance appropriate for equating. A remarkable aspect is to define equating…

  13. Early drawings of Messier 1: pineapple or crab?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dewhirst, D. W.

    1983-06-01

    Articles on the history of the Crab Nebula frequently reproduce an enigmatical drawing of it by Lord Rosse. This drawing was quickly repudiated by him and replaced by a more recognizable one which is less well known. Both drawings are discussed.

  14. The Learning Age: Experts Give Their Views on the Government's Green Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adults Learning (England), 1998

    1998-01-01

    Includes reactions to "The Learning Age" from the following: A.G. Watts, Richard Taylor, Richard Ely, Carole Stott, Donald Rae, John Lawton, Philippa Langton, Mary Lord, and Sarah Perman. Emphasizes the need for practitioner input from their varied experiences and for knowledge of client groups into the continuing development of the…

  15. The Re-construction of the 6-foot Rosse Telescope of Ireland

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tubridy, Michael

    An article describing the reconstruction and restoration efforts by Michael Tubridy, the engineer of the project, of the Lord Rosse Leviathan of Parsonstown, a 6-foot telescope, and the first to reveal spiral structure in galaxies, and a brief biography on the third Earl of Rosse, William Parsons.

  16. 3 CFR 9069 - Proclamation 9069 of December 9, 2013. Human Rights Day and Human Rights Week, 2013

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... world convened to adopt the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, rejecting the notion that individual... enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the... day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand thirteen, and of the Independence of the...

  17. 3 CFR 8765 - Proclamation 8765 of December 8, 2011. Human Rights Day and Human Rights Week, 2011

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of the United States of America A Proclamation With the adoption of the Universal Declaration of... Declaration of Human Rights, our futures have grown increasingly interconnected. We have a stake not only in... Lord two thousand eleven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred...

  18. 3 CFR 8915 - Proclamation 8915 of December 10, 2012. Human Rights Day and Human Rights Week, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Declaration of Human Rights—a revolutionary document that recognized the inherent dignity and inalienable... anniversary of that historic act, we celebrate the rights the Declaration recognized and recommit to... December, in the year of our Lord two thousand twelve, and of the Independence of the United States...

  19. A Note on the Item Information Function of the Four-Parameter Logistic Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magis, David

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on four-parameter logistic (4PL) model as an extension of the usual three-parameter logistic (3PL) model with an upper asymptote possibly different from 1. For a given item with fixed item parameters, Lord derived the value of the latent ability level that maximizes the item information function under the 3PL model. The…

  20. Local Equating Using the Rasch Model, the OPLM, and the 2PL IRT Model--or--What Is It Anyway if the Model Captures Everything There Is to Know about the Test Takers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Davier, Matthias; González B., Jorge; von Davier, Alina A.

    2013-01-01

    Local equating (LE) is based on Lord's criterion of equity. It defines a family of true transformations that aim at the ideal of equitable equating. van der Linden (this issue) offers a detailed discussion of common issues in observed-score equating relative to this local approach. By assuming an underlying item response theory model, one of…

  1. Enriching the Values of Micro and Small Business Research Projects: Co-Creation Service Provision as Perceived by Academic, Business and Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thatcher, James; Alao, Hanan; Brown, Christopher J.; Choudhary, Shahriar

    2016-01-01

    The National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education (1996) chaired by Lord Dearing envisioned a university sector central to the UK's knowledge-based economy. With successive government support the university-business partnership ideology has been put into practice. Widening participation has increased in emphasis over recent years, providing…

  2. 77 FR 70810 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-27

    .... Alexandra M. Lord, Acting Chief, National Register of Historic Places/National Historic Landmarks Program...., 1st Ave. E. & W., 2nd St. S., 1st St. N., Fayette, 12001020 Marengo County Demopolis Historic District (Boundary Increase), E. Gaines, N. Ash, W. Pettus, & S. Stewart Sts., Demopolis, 12001021 Marshall...

  3. Understanding the Historical Role of Central Governance in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    against all the feudal lords and tribal chieftans who revolted against the monarchy .118 His familiarity with religious politics allowed him to appeal to...lagrasse (or generosity of the monarchy ). One means used by Abdur Rahman to manage feudal conflicts was the forced migration of dissident tribes...C. THE ARMY OF THE MONARCHY ..........................................................18 D. ACQUIRING REVENUE FOR THE ARMY

  4. Another Go at Energy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Gary; Reeves, Tony

    2003-01-01

    The teaching of energy throws up many different approaches and causes many arguments. This paper describes yet another approach to teaching the subject matter using a system of diagrams, but hopefully one that will be an acceptable compromise for many teachers. Lord Rutherford is often quoted as saying, "All science is either physics or stamp…

  5. Effects on Scale Linking of Different Definitions of Criterion Functions for the IRT Characteristic Curve Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Seonghoon; Kolen, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    Under item response theory, the characteristic curve methods (Haebara and Stocking-Lord methods) are used to link two ability scales from separate calibrations. The linking methods use their respective criterion functions that can be defined differently according to the symmetry- and distribution-related schemes. The symmetry-related scheme…

  6. The Use of Special Operations Forces in Support of American Strategic Security Strategies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    efforts. Throughout the final decades of the 20th century, Colombia was a hotbed for drugs and violence punctuated by the operations of Pablo Emilio... Escobar , the drug lord in charge of the infamous Medellín Cartel. Following limited success in counter-narcotic operations during the early 1990s

  7. Evaluation of Scalar Value Estimation Techniques for 3D Medical Imaging

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    our hearts, we grew stronger in our faith during this time. Thank you Lord for making this a learning and at times an enjoyable experience for me and...Figure .5.3. Cell subdivision. factor 2. with t rieubic interpolation estimating minor- voxel valhte. and marchins cubes extraction of hyperbolol’i surface

  8. The Many Faces of Censorship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Richard

    1999-01-01

    An author of 26 books for young adults writes about different forms of censorship including rewriting history textbooks and parents who censor themselves by not staying in touch with their children. Citing Cormier's "The Chocolate War" and Golding's "Lord of the Flies" and making reference to the Colulmbine school murders, he illustrates the…

  9. School Uniform Revisited: Procedure, Pressure and Equality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Damian; Sinclair, Adele

    2006-01-01

    The House of Lords' decision in "R. (on the application of Begum) v. The Headteacher and Governors of Denbigh High School" considered whether a particular school uniform policy infringed a student's right to manifest her religion under Article 9. This paper analyses the content of this decision, and explores how schools should approach…

  10. The Reluctant Hegemon Counterdrug Efforts in Colombia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-04-01

    because their movement had been taken over by Pablo Escobar, the notorious late drug lord of the ruthless Medellin Cartel. Carlos Castano, today’s...the Henao Montoya organization, which according to the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), is the most powerful drug trafficking group to emerge since the

  11. Reshaping High School English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pirie, Bruce

    This book takes up the question of what shape high school English studies should take in the coming years. It describes an English program that blends philosophical depth with classroom practicality. Drawing examples from commonly taught texts such as "Macbeth,""To Kill a Mockingbird," and "Lord of the Flies," the…

  12. The Examination of the Classification of Students into Performance Categories by Two Different Equating Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Lisa A.; Keller, Robert R.; Parker, Pauline A.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the comparability of two item response theory based equating methods: true score equating (TSE), and estimated true equating (ETE). Additionally, six scaling methods were implemented within each equating method: mean-sigma, mean-mean, two versions of fixed common item parameter, Stocking and Lord, and Haebara. Empirical…

  13. Putting the Pieces Together

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Alastair

    2007-01-01

    Recent policy reports by Lord Leitch and Sir Michael Lyons on educational skills and corresponding government spending raise the question of how a demand-led system for adult skills led by employers can operate concurrent with intertwined policies driven by different factors. There is also the need to integrate with regional policy and policies…

  14. Problems in Developing Morally Sound Strategy in Low-Intensity Conflict.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-01

    MORALLY SOUND STRATEGY FOR LOW-INTENSITY CONFLICT SECTION I INTRODUCTION The avalanche of ethical arguments spawned by the Vietnam war and current debates...wryly several times in his book, A Sodier Reports, that Wellington had told the House of Lords: "A great nation cannot fight a little war." 27 4.XI’kr’, Z

  15. National Equine Forum: Taking up the reins on equine issues.

    PubMed

    2015-04-04

    Gill Harris reports from this year's National Equine Forum, where one of the main themes was the horse industry and government. The forum, held in London on March 5, was attended by more than 200 people with a connection to the equestrian industry. Lord de Mauley, parliamentary undersecretary of state for natural environment and science at Defra, set the course of the proceedings.

  16. Descriptive Statistics for Modern Test Score Distributions: Skewness, Kurtosis, Discreteness, and Ceiling Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Andrew D.; Yu, Carol C.

    2015-01-01

    Many statistical analyses benefit from the assumption that unconditional or conditional distributions are continuous and normal. More than 50 years ago in this journal, Lord and Cook chronicled departures from normality in educational tests, and Micerri similarly showed that the normality assumption is met rarely in educational and psychological…

  17. The Effects of Railroads on the Emergence of Operational Art During the American Civil War, 1861-1865

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    L&N Railroad in the Civil War: A Vital North–South Link and the Struggle to Control It. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2011. Lord, Francis A...Battlefield 1861-1863. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2008. Reynolds, Paul Davidson. A Primer in Theory Construction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Classics

  18. Educating Recent Immigrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IDRA Newsletter, 1994

    1994-01-01

    This newsletter contains six articles all related to the theme of education for recent legal and illegal immigrants. In "Golden Lord with Us from the Main Forest: Some Thoughts on the Education of Recent Immigrants," Aurelio M. Montemayor reflects on his experiences growing up in a bilingual, bicultural extended family of…

  19. High Frontier, The Journal for Space & Missile Professionals. Volume 5, Number 3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Air Force Base, Colorado Commander General C. Robert Kehler Vice Commander Maj Gen Thomas F. Deppe Director of Public Affairs Col Dewey Ford...Analytical Graphics, Inc. Contents Introduction General C. Robert Kehler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2...Senior Leader Perspective Cyberspace Operations: Air Force Space Command Takes the Lead Maj Gen William T. Lord

  20. Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richler, Jennifer; Bishop, Somer L.; Kleinke, Jennifer R.; Lord, Catherine

    2007-01-01

    Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) on the Autism Diagnostic Interview- Revised (ADI-R: Lord, Rutter, & Le Couteur (1994) were examined in 165 children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), 49 children with non-spectrum developmental disorders (DD), and 65 children with typical development (TD) at approximately 2 years of age. A factor…

  1. Looking at Leadership: Some Neglected Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-10-01

    of language or social power (see Lord, 1977) than to functional behavior. Eden and Leviatan (1975) found that they could repli- cate the factor...R., & Spray, S. L. Executive behavior and inter- action. Industrial Relations, 1964, 3{2), 99-108. Eden, D., & Leviatan , U. Implicit

  2. A Case for the Autistic Perspective in Young Adult Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Hart, Rachel F.

    2012-01-01

    The author discusses five novels with characters on the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and integrates her readings with her brothers' experiences with autism and Asperger's syndrome. Diverse in scope and approach, each of the books surveyed offers unique insights on facets of the autistic perspective. Lord's "Rules," Stork's "Marcelo in the Real…

  3. 75 FR 16205 - MetLife Insurance Company of Connecticut, et al.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-31

    ... Asset Variable Money Market Portfolio/ BlackRock Money Market Portfolio, Putnam VT Growth and Income... Western Asset Variable Money Market Portfolio/BlackRock Money Market Portfolio, Putnam VT Growth and... Market Portfolio/BlackRock Money Market Portfolio, Putnam VT Growth and Income Portfolio/Lord...

  4. Information Society: Agenda for Action in the UK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips of Ellesmere, Lord

    1997-01-01

    Explains the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology in the UK (United Kingdom) and discusses its report that addresses the need for information technology planning on a national basis. Topics include electronic publishing for access to government publications, universal access, regulatory framework, encryption and verification,…

  5. Conflict in a Sixth-Grade Book Club: The Impact of a Rule-Driven Discourse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, K. Dara

    2008-01-01

    This study examines unintended consequences during a 6th-grade book club discussion of Bette Bao Lord's (1984) In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson. The participants modeled a book club discussion, otherwise known as the fish bowl, for a newly enrolled student. Unintended consequences occurred within the realm of deviating from the rules of…

  6. A Note on the Asymptotic Variance-Covariance Matrix of Item Parameter Estimates in the RASCH model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Gruijter, Data N. M.

    1985-01-01

    A simplification of Lord and Wingersky's method for computing the asymptotic variance-covariance matrix of maximum likelihood estimates for item and person parameters under some restrictions on the estimates is presented. Computation of the error variance-covariance matrix for the item parameters in the Rasch model is described. (NSF)

  7. The Langer-Improved Wald Test for DIF Testing with Multiple Groups: Evaluation and Comparison to Two-Group IRT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Carol M.; Cai, Li; Wang, Mian

    2013-01-01

    Differential item functioning (DIF) occurs when the probability of responding in a particular category to an item differs for members of different groups who are matched on the construct being measured. The identification of DIF is important for valid measurement. This research evaluates an improved version of Lord's chi [superscript 2]…

  8. Technology and Tasks for Bridging the Language-Content Gap: Teacher-Researcher Collaboration in a Third-Year Spanish Writing Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleason, Jesse

    2013-01-01

    Many scholars have noted the disjunction between language instruction at the lower- and upper levels of FL study (Byrnes, 2002; Kraemer, 2008; Lord, 2014; Maxim, 2005; Schultz, 2000; Swaffar & Arens, 2005). Whereas lower-division courses tend to focus primarily on learning grammatical patterns and the "four skills," upper-level…

  9. Circulation/Reserves Area Makeover: Practical and Aesthetic Considerations in a Remodeling Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werre, Pam

    2003-01-01

    The following article describes a literature review on factors that went into the planning for a new circulation/reserves desk at the Livingston Lord Library at Minnesota State University, Moorhead. Many issues have been reported in the literature and must be considered when designing a functional, convenient, and ADA-compliant…

  10. Proceedings of the Irvine Workshop on Alternatives for the Environment, Certification, and Control of the DOD Common High Order Language, Held at California University, Irvine on 20-22 June 1978.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    of the poet Lord Byron, and Babbage ’s "programmer." For reasons of historical accuracy, the use of the working title "DODi" has been retained in the...Surface Weapons Center Al Irvine, SofTech, Inc. Rob Kling, UC - Irvine John C. Knight, NASA Langley Research Center Charles L. Lawson, Jet Propulsion

  11. Drama Queen or Trauma Queen: Does Elevating Self-Awareness Impact the Colonized Consciousness of Female Clergy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifton, Angelita

    2013-01-01

    This project design incorporates three Aramaic phrases enhancing an existing ministry model for women victimized by trauma. "Talitha Cum-Woman Arise," "Ephpatha-Be Opened" and "Maranatha-O'Lord Come," serve as the foundation for a three tiered spiritual support system for female clergy. This project design serves: (1)…

  12. Using Primary Source Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Steven

    2003-01-01

    Explores the use of primary sources when teaching about U.S. slavery. Includes primary sources from the Gilder Lehrman Documents Collection (New York Historical Society) to teach about the role of slaves in the Revolutionary War, such as a proclamation from Lord Dunmore offering freedom to slaves who joined his army. (CMK)

  13. Projected Service Preferences of Secondary School Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigfusson, Lois O. I.

    A mail questionnaire was sent to the 64-member teaching staff of the Lord Selkirk Regional Comprehensive High School, in order to determine their preferences for school media services. A related area of interest in the investigation was the determination of the relationship between teacher characteristics (e.g., sex, age, subject area taught,…

  14. A Quest for Equality: Title IX, The Second Year. Proceedings (Indiana University, Indiana, January 19-20, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aquila, Frank D., Ed.; Hummel, Judy, Ed.

    The papers presented in this volume are the result of a conference designed to assist school personnel in understanding and developing plans to eradicate sex discrimination in schools. The works included are: "The Subtleties of Sexism: A Short, Short Story," by Sharon B. Lord; "Legal Ramifications and Concepts of Title IX," by…

  15. Art, Society and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ralph A.

    1976-01-01

    In considering the relation of art with society the author comments on the ideas of the American philosopher, John Dewey, the art historian, Lord Kenneth Clark, a popular humanistic educator, Clifton Fadiman, and a major cultural critic, Jacques Barzun. (Author/RK)

  16. The Treasury Grants, 1833-1839

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, J.; Paz, D. G.

    1974-01-01

    Recent studies on the education program unveiled by Lord John Russell in 1839 suggest that evaluation of that program is too simple, and a systematic consideration of the education grant, which was a part of that program, in the period of its administration by the Treasury confirms the need for some revision. (Author/RK)

  17. Strategic Bean-Counting: Potential Unrealized in DoD

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Technology 154:2 [database on-line]; available from UMI ProQuest, Bell & Howell; accessed 14 August 2001,3. 22 Mann, 4. 23 William H. Maglin , II LTC...permission from Professor Lord. Maglin , William H. II LTC. Reforming PPBS: Its Time has Come. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War

  18. New Strategy, Same Old Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Alastair

    2009-01-01

    On 11 November the Government published its third skills strategy for England in six years (quite apart from Lord Leitch's "Review of Skills" commissioned by the Treasury). Entitled "Skills for Growth: the national skills strategy," this White Paper, together with a separate analytical paper and a "Skills Investment…

  19. Coping with Natural Disasters: Lessons Learnt by a Head of Department

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, Beverley

    2011-01-01

    Since the first of the 29 significant earthquakes and thousands of aftershocks that the University of Canterbury (New Zealand) community has endured in the last year, Beverly Lord has learned a few lessons as a departmental head in a university during a time of natural disaster. Herein, she organizes and describes these lessons under five…

  20. La Culture Cure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goulding, Emily

    2011-01-01

    In the early 1970s, it was not difficult for the American public to identify the Latino civil rights movement and what it stood for. On the West Coast, antiwar activists were leading the Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, and on the East Coast, the Young Lords of New York were setting fire to trash the sanitation department had neglected…

  1. Yes, Holden Should Read These Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisman, C. David

    1989-01-01

    Counters Donald Barr's assertion that works such as J. D. Salinger's "Catcher in the Rye" and William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" are unfit reading material for adolescents ("Should Holden Caufield Read These Books?""New York Times Book Review," May 4, 1986). Shows how these works address adolescents'…

  2. "You Are in the World": Catholic Campus Life at Loyola University Chicago, Mundelein College, and De Paul University, 1924-1950

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bielakowski, Rae M.

    2009-01-01

    Responding to Vatican concerns and Daniel A. Lord, S. J.'s national Sodality initiatives, in 1927 Loyola University administrators expanded the student Sodality's newly-established Catholic Action program into a hegemonic presence, not only on the Loyola Arts campus, but throughout Chicago's network of Catholic schools. By 1928 Loyola students…

  3. Class Research Projects in Ecology Courses: Methods to "Un-Can" the Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rettig, Jessica E.; Smith, Geoffrey R.

    2009-01-01

    Research-like experiences range from relatively "canned" labs that are highly controlled by the instructor (such as those described in Lord and Orkwiszewski 2006) to more individually designed projects (e.g., Switzer and Shriner 2000; Wyatt 2005). This article describes a laboratory approach that allows for many of the benefits of independent or…

  4. Use staff wisely to save NHS money.

    PubMed

    Moore, Alison

    2015-12-09

    The NHS could save up to £ 2 billion a year by improving workflow and containing workforce costs, according to Labour peer Lord Carter's review of NHS efficiency. Changes in areas such as rostering and management of annual leave must avoid increasing the pressure on staff.

  5. Moving from Cognition to Behavior: What the Research Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Russell E.; Chang, Chu-Hsiang; Lord, Robert G.

    2006-01-01

    In 1994, R. G. Lord and P. E. Levy proposed a variant of control theory that incorporated human information processing principles. The current article evaluates the empirical evidence for their propositions and updates the theory by considering contemporary research on information processing. Considerable support drawing from diverse literatures…

  6. 76 FR 70790 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice and Order Granting Accelerated Approval to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ..., Commission, from James N. Baxter, Chairman and General Counsel, New York Global Group dated October 17, 2011 (``New York Global Group Letter''); and Letter to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Secretary, Commission, from David... Amex proposal. See Locke Lord Letter; New York Global Group Letter; and Donohoe Letter. Two of...

  7. Hazards of Learning: An International Symposium on the Crisis of the University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urban, G. R.

    Thirteen dialogues are assembled, originally commissioned and broadcast by Radio Free Europe. Each person interviewed by G.R. Urban is an educational leader in North America or Europe: Donald G. MacRae, Mick Farren, Paul Seabury, Eldon L. Johnson, Richard Lowenthal, Alain Touraine, Lord James of Rusholme, Max Beloff, Jeanne Hersch, Alexander King,…

  8. Crackpots and consequences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Margaret

    2012-09-01

    The letter arrived in 'Physics World''s in-tray last summer. Written in blue ink, with occasional recourse to red for especially important points, it claimed to predict the date of "The Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ" using images from the Hubble Space Telescope.

  9. The Present State of Homeric Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willcock, M. M.

    1967-01-01

    A personal point of view concerning various aspects of Homerica characterizes this brief state-of-the-art report. Commentary is directed to: (1) first readers; (2) the Parry-Lord approach to the study of the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" as representatives of a type of oral, formulaic, poetry; (3) analysts, unitarians, and…

  10. Science, Religion and Difficult Dialectics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, David E.

    2010-01-01

    Discussing themes from my paper "Scientists at play in a field of the Lord," three forum participants identify and discuss continuing social and epistemological issues which continue to challenge effective evolution education. I extend these themes and further amplify the vexing nature of an effective dialectic regarding evolution, especially for…

  11. Planning and Conducting a Community Health Screening Fair. NCCSCE Working Paper Series, [Number 2].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berghaus, William C. B.; Graham, Joy

    Each spring, Lord Fairfax Community College (LFCC) organizes and coordinates an Annual Health Screening Fair, a preventive health package designed to help residents identify health-related problems and become more informed about maintaining good health. The community service goals of the fair include the provision of free or minimal-cost health…

  12. Treasures and Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Christopher

    1985-01-01

    Many say that the functions of education are skill development, socialization, and sorting. These objectives are contrasted with the four objectives for higher education that Lord Robbins included in his 1963 report: instruction in skills, promotion of general powers of the mind, advancement of learning, and transmission of common standards of…

  13. The Robbins Report and Teacher Education in Scotland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marker, Willis

    1994-01-01

    During the 1960s, a review of higher education by a commission chaired by Lord Robbins led to the recommendation that the separate colleges of education be brought into the university sector. Compares and contrasts the pluralistic policy process of the Robbins period with the process of recent changes in teacher education in Scotland. (KS)

  14. Towards Equity in the Futures Market: Curriculum as a Condition of Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Linda J.

    2007-01-01

    This article provides a consideration of the problem of equity in education. In the first part of the discussion, the author draws on philosophical and sociological literature to consider what equity means and its implications for education. Drawing on work by Burbules, Lord and Sherman, she looks to curriculum as a condition of access and the…

  15. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Cognitive Enhancement Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Pattern. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(), 1768 - 1774 . Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., Pickles...Schizophrenia: Intensity Effects and Error Pattern. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1768 - 1774 . Larsen, D. L., Attkisson, C. C., Hargreaves, W. A

  16. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Module 4: Application of the Revised Algorithms in an Independent, Well-Defined, Dutch Sample (N = 93)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Bildt, Annelies; Sytema, Sjoerd; Meffert, Harma; Bastiaansen, Jojanneke A. C. J.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the discriminative ability of the revised Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule module 4 algorithm (Hus and Lord in "J Autism Dev Disord" 44(8):1996-2012, 2014) in 93 Dutch males with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), schizophrenia, psychopathy or controls. Discriminative ability of the revised algorithm ASD cut-off…

  17. IRT Scale Linking Methods for Mixed-Format Tests. ACT Research Report Series 2004-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Seonghoon; Lee, Won-Chan

    2004-01-01

    Under item response theory (IRT), obtaining a common proficiency scale is required in many applications. Four IRT linking methods, including the mean/mean, mean/sigma, Haebara, and Stocking-Lord methods, have been developed and widely used to estimate linking coefficients (slope and intercept) for a linear transformation from one scale to…

  18. An Extension of Four IRT Linking Methods for Mixed-Format Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Seonghoon; Lee, Won-Chan

    2006-01-01

    Under item response theory (IRT), linking proficiency scales from separate calibrations of multiple forms of a test to achieve a common scale is required in many applications. Four IRT linking methods including the mean/mean, mean/sigma, Haebara, and Stocking-Lord methods have been presented for use with single-format tests. This study extends the…

  19. Asymptotic Standard Errors for Item Response Theory True Score Equating of Polytomous Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cher Wong, Cheow

    2015-01-01

    Building on previous works by Lord and Ogasawara for dichotomous items, this article proposes an approach to derive the asymptotic standard errors of item response theory true score equating involving polytomous items, for equivalent and nonequivalent groups of examinees. This analytical approach could be used in place of empirical methods like…

  20. Advanced Chemistry Collection: Abstract of Special Issue 28, a CD ROM (for Students)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-11-01

    Literature Cited

    1. Grushow, A. J. Chem. Educ., 2000, 77, 1527.
    2. Haigh, J.; Lord, J. R. J. Chem. Educ., 2000, 77, 1528.
    3. General Chemistry Collection, 4th Ed.; J. Chem. Educ. Software, 2000, SP16.

  1. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule--Toddler Module: A New Module of a Standardized Diagnostic Measure for Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luyster, Rhiannon; Gotham, Katherine; Guthrie, Whitney; Coffing, Mia; Petrak, Rachel; Pierce, Karen; Bishop, Somer; Esler, Amy; Hus, Vanessa; Oti, Rosalind; Richler, Jennifer; Risi, Susan; Lord, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS; Lord et al., J Autism Dev Disord, 30(3):205-223, 2000) is widely accepted as a "gold standard" diagnostic instrument, but it is of restricted utility with very young children. The purpose of the current project was to modify the ADOS for use in children under 30 months of age. A modified ADOS, the…

  2. Methods, Theory, and the Practice of Feminist Research: A Response to Janet Chafetz

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Alexis J.

    2004-01-01

    Janet Chafetz dismisses Audre Lorde's dictum that you cannot dismantle the master's house using the master's tools. Instead, she argues compellingly that feminists draw from the same tool kit from which all social scientists draw and not from feminist theory and feminist methodology. It is perhaps an indication of how far we have come that four…

  3. Loss of Essential Humanity and Empathy as a Result of Exploitations in Blasphemy by Tehmina Durrani

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mubarik, Asma

    2015-01-01

    After "My Feudal Lord" in 1991, "Blasphemy" is the second major work by Tehmina Durrani; first published in 1998. This book has taken the world by storm since its publication. The novel is a disturbing and agonizing tale of physical and sexual abuse, domestic violence, gender disparity, deterioration of moral and social values,…

  4. 75 FR 76253 - Dairy Import Licensing Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Secretary 7 CFR Part 6 RIN 0551-AA70 Dairy Import Licensing Program AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, USDA... Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Program 7 CFR part 6, by suspending the provisions with respect...: Effective Date: January 1, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ron Lord, Branch Chief, Sugar and...

  5. The Best-Kept Secret: Crime on Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keels, Crystal L.

    2004-01-01

    Crime is increasingly characterizing the contemporary college experience. In a post-Columbine, post-Sept. 11 world, the "It can't happen here" response to such violence has been replaced with "Oh Lord, not again." In response to the loss of their daughter, and the lack of institutional support they received, Howard, and Connie Clery filed suit…

  6. ISO LWS Spectroscopy of M82: A Unified Evolutionary Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    LORD,6 MICHAEL LUHMAN ,5,7 SHOBITA SATYAPAL,8,9 HOWARD A. SMITH,10 LUIGI SPINOGLIO,11 GORDON STACEY,12 AND SARAH J. UNGER3 Received 1998 May 29...MNRAS, 270, 641 Kaufman, M., WolÐre, M., Hollenbach, D., & Luhman , M. 1998, in prep- aration Kenney, J. D. P., Wilson, C. D., Scoville, N. Z., Devereux, N

  7. Schoolyard Science: 101 Easy and Inexpensive Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, Thomas R.; Travis, Holly J.

    2011-01-01

    With 101 easy and inexpensive activities to do on school grounds, "Schoolyard Science" can help students develop their observation and inquiry skills as well as an appreciation of their outdoor environment. Covering topics such as lower plants, gardens, insects and other invertebrates, energy, and Earth science, Thomas Lord and Holly Travis…

  8. Two-Element Generation of Unitary Groups Over Finite Fields

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-31

    like to praise my Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ , for allowing me this opportunity to work on a Ph.D in mathematics, and for His sustaining grace...Ishibashi’s original result. The paper’s main theorem will show that all unitary groups over finite fields of odd characteristic are generated by only two

  9. Big Society, Big Deal?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    Political leaders like to put forward guiding ideas or themes which pull their individual decisions into a broader narrative. For John Major it was Back to Basics, for Tony Blair it was the Third Way and for David Cameron it is the Big Society. While Mr. Blair relied on Lord Giddens to add intellectual weight to his idea, Mr. Cameron's legacy idea…

  10. Women in the Infantry - The Effect on the Moral Domain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-12

    Theoretical Frameworks............................................. ............. 13 V. Evidence of Mixed- Gender Dynamics...as du Picq, S.L.A. Marshall, Lord Moran and Anthony Kellett will establish its importance on deciding the victor on the battlefield. "Third, the author...will focus on two theoretical frameworks that explain the phenomenon of mixed- gender dynamics in the small group in roles traditionally performed by

  11. Wrong turns and dead ends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fisher, Len

    2013-12-01

    In his book Brilliant Blunders, Mario Livio offers a detailed and fascinating examination of major errors made by five great scientists - Charles Darwin, Linus Pauling, Lord Kelvin, Fred Hoyle and Albert Einstein - as they sought to understand the evolution of life on Earth, the evolution of the Earth itself and the evolution of the universe as a whole.

  12. "The Lengthened Shadow of One Man": The Public Intellectual and the Founding of Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, John

    1998-01-01

    Identifies five intellectuals who made distinctive contributions to the founding of new universities in England, Germany, and the United States. Institutional and individual biographies profile: Thomas Jefferson (University of Virginia); Wilhelm von Humboldt (University of Berlin); Lord Brougham (University College, University of London); A.D.…

  13. Distance Higher Education and the Adult Learner. Papers Presented at a Conference Organized by the Dutch Ministry of Education and Science, the Dutch Open University, and the OECD Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (Heerlen, the Netherlands, October 22-24, 1984). Innovations in Distance Education: Occasional Papers of the Dutch Open University, Vol. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Enckevort, Ger, Ed.; And Others

    Distance higher education for adults, media selection, and country profiles are considered in conference papers. Titles and authors are as follows: "Distance Education, Trends Worldwide" (Lord Perry of Walton); "Adults in Higher Education: Lowering the Barriers by Teaching and Learning at a Distance" (Hans G. Schutze);…

  14. The Presidential Address 2013: Promoting Enthusiasm, Imparting Knowledge! Science for the General Population and Science for Future Researchers Must All Start in the School Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rees, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a transcript of the Presidential Address delivered by Martin Rees, Lord Rees of Ludlow, to the Association for Science Education (ASE) Annual Conference at the University of Reading, January 2013. The address is divided into five sections under the following headings: (1) Three Reasons Why the ASE's Mission Is So Important;…

  15. Teaching Students to Think Critically about Science and Origins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seals, Mark A.

    2010-01-01

    In David Long's article, "Scientists at Play in a Field of the Lord," he studies the discourse between a network of regional scientists, atheists, activists and evolutionists at the opening of The Creation Museum on Memorial Day, 2007. This review essay examines the teaching of evolution through the teacher's "lens of empathy" and also considers a…

  16. In the Service of Empire: Imperialism and the British Spy Thriller, 1901-1914

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Phillips Oppenheim . An outspoken critic of unprepared- ness, Oppenheim demanded the internment of enemy aliens and supported Lord Roberts’s cam...perfect window onto intelli- gence processes .3 In a field notorious for its lack of declassi- fied material, Svendsen contin- ues, intelligence

  17. The Restoration of Order through Language in Middle-Earth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keene, Louise E.

    1994-01-01

    Applies chaos theory to J.R.R. Tolkien's trilogy "The Lord of the Rings," to see order and patterns in a supposed chaotic world. Discusses how Tolkien's background as a philologist served as a foundation for the stories he created, and notes how language itself changes events and controls and dominates characters in the trilogy. (SR)

  18. A Unified Approach to IRT Scale Linking and Scale Transformations. Research Report. RR-04-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Davier, Matthias; von Davier, Alina A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines item response theory (IRT) scale transformations and IRT scale linking methods used in the Non-Equivalent Groups with Anchor Test (NEAT) design to equate two tests, X and Y. It proposes a unifying approach to the commonly used IRT linking methods: mean-mean, mean-var linking, concurrent calibration, Stocking and Lord and…

  19. Evaluation of Performance of a Maximum Likelihood Estimator for Tracking Purposes in the Presence of Speckle Noise

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    as the detector moves away from the source. However, we can rarely neglect diffraction effects and the mea- sured intensity takes the form of Iθ = Iθ(0...earlier (although not known as speckle at the time), by Verdet (1865) and Lord Rayleigh (1880) in their work on Fraunhofer rings. Von Laue [14–16] derived

  20. Love, Socrates, and Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assiter, Alison

    2013-01-01

    A recent report on the UK's higher education system by Lord John Browne exemplifies the dominant trend in education policy initiatives toward a focus on education primarily for employment and for the acquisition of skills. In this essay, Alison Assiter argues that such an entrepreneurial approach neglects essential aspects of the processes of…

  1. Metabolic Networks Integrative Cardiac Health Project (ICHP) - Center of Excellence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    molecular, physiological, biochemical, immunological and environmental basis of CV health and disease and to use that understanding to develop improved...Diabetes 2012;61:401-408. 36. Viardot A, Lord RV, Samaras K. The effects of weight loss and gastric banding on the innate and adaptive immune system in

  2. The Accuracy of Three Approximations for Test Reliability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleinke, David J.

    Data from 200 college-level tests were used to compare three reliability approximations (two of Saupe and one of Cureton) to Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 (KR20). While the approximations correlated highly (about .9) with the reliability estimate, they tended to be underapproximations. The explanation lies in an apparent bias of Lord's approximation…

  3. Measurements of the Growth of Air Bubbles by Rectified Diffusion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-01

    enough each cycle to cause a significant increase in the amount of gas containea within the bubble. The observations 32 by Liebermann that diffusion rates...32. L. Liebermann , J. Appl. Phys. 28, 205-211 (1957). 33. Lord Rayleiyh, Proc. Roy. Soc. 47, 231-287 (1890). -25- Ii. DISTRIBUTION LIST Director 3

  4. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 66, Number 2, February 1927

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1927-02-01

    Corps, is covering elements in the area: Holbrook-Holtsville- Kew Village. The 702d Coast Artillery (AA) went into position on 21 August to cover the...is well watered, like the Garden of the Lord. There may be valleys which are deeper and hills which are steeper, but no valley in all the land where

  5. Encouraging Reader-Response to Literature in ESL Situations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Roger

    1990-01-01

    Describes a Language Development course that integrates language learning with drama activities in a Teaching-English-as-a-Second-Language (TESL) program at the University of Brunei. The strategies are described using William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" and George Orwell's "Animal Farm." (GLR)

  6. Religion, Nature, Science Education and the Epistemology of Dialectics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexakos, Konstantinos

    2010-01-01

    In his article "Scientists at Play in a Field of the Lord", David Long (2010) rightly challenges our presumptions of what science is and brings forth some of the disjunctures between science and deeply held American religious beliefs. Reading his narrative of the conflicts that he experienced on the opening day of the Creation Museum, I cannot…

  7. People and Technology: Investing in Training for Europe's Future = L'Homme et la Technologie: Investir dans la Formation pour l'Avenir de l'Europe = Menschen und Technologie: Fur Europa's Zukunft in Ausbildung Investieren. Volume II. EUROTECNET Series No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Luxembourg).

    The following papers are included in this volume: "Technological Change: The Future of Training and Work" (Lord Young of Graffham); "L'Education, la Formation et l'Evolution Technologique dans l'Industrie" (Mathias Hinterscheid); "Education, Training, and Technological Change in Industry" (Philippe Meyer);…

  8. Joint Military Ethics: A Framework for the Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    a vain attempt to put out a forest that is burning to the ground. The military is currently undergoing an evolution in mission and force structure...severely hamper future operations. CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT "A man of character in peace will be a man of courage in war." - Lord Moron By most accounts

  9. Blue Skies, Coffee Creamer, and Rayleigh Scattering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liebl, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The first physical explanation of Earths blue sky was fashioned in 1871 by Lord Rayleigh. Many discussions of Rayleigh scattering and approaches to studying it both in and out of the classroom are available. Rayleigh scattering accounts for the blue color of the sky and the orange/red color of the Sun near sunset and sunrise, and a number of…

  10. Skeptics at NATO’s 60th Anniversary: a Critique of the Criticism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    quote often attributed to Lord Ismay), and "won the Cold War without firing a single shot." Then the linear narrative moves on to 2001: "everything...and rehabilitate former Warsaw Pact nations, as well. Meanwhile, German policy makers starting with Defense Minister Volker Ruhe, saw NATO enlargement

  11. 25 Years of Centralised University Education in Nigeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Universities Commission, Lagos (Nigeria).

    The history of university education in Nigeria is examined, beginning with the implementation of the Lord Eric Ashby Commission's report in 1962, which started the march towards general access to university education. Following an introduction by Idris Abdulkadir, the following papers are presented: "The Nigerian University as a Trustee of…

  12. ENGLISH, JUNIOR YEAR, SECOND SEMESTER. HIGH SCHOOL TELEVISION SERIES, SEMINAR--63.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GANCZEWSKI, JOAN D.

    NINETY TELECAST OUTLINES ARE INCLUDED. THE CLASS WAS BROADCASTED FIVE MORNINGS A WEEK FOR 18 WEEKS. THE TELECAST BEGAN WITH THE ROMANTIC PERIOD, INCLUDING ROBERT BURNS, ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON, THE LAKE POETS, SIR WALTER SCOTT, LAMB, HAZLITT, LORD BYRON, P.B. SHELLEY, JOHN KEATS, AND JANE AUSTEN. LESSONS ON GRAMMAR, SPELLING, AND THE FIRST…

  13. Validity and Diagnostic Accuracy of Scores from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Melissa A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the internal structure, relationships with other variables, and diagnostic accuracy of scores on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G; Lord et al., 1999) for the purpose of diagnostic decision-making. Participants were 462 children enrolled in a public school district in the southern…

  14. Predictive Power of Standard Variables on Postsecondary Achievement in Arkansas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Lisa; Gibson, Neal; Carmack, Patrick; Smith, Trequita

    2013-01-01

    Today, as many as 25 to 40 percent of students who attend college qualify for some form of remedial education program provided by postsecondary institutions (Kaye, Lord, Bottoms, Presson, & Cornet, 2006). Many colleges and universities view the inclusion of remediation as an integral part of their educational mission. However, the costs of…

  15. By Schools for Schools: The Origins, History and Influence of the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust, 1987-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Specialist Schools and Academies Trust, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the history of the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT). The origins of the specialist schools programme lie in a meeting to address high levels of youth unemployment held at the House of Lords in January 1986, the result was the establishment of 100 technology schools to meet the skills needs of new business. In the…

  16. Gerry Gilmore - biographical sketch

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Head, Marilyn

    2004-03-01

    Surrounded as I was by the thud of rugby heroes falling thick and fast in the World Cup and the glitz of the Lord of the Rings superstars swanning through Wellington's 'Middle Earth' last November, it was with quiet satisfaction that I went to meet my own "superhero", astronomer Gerry Gilmore.

  17. The Education Gap Is Widening

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Sally

    2009-01-01

    Social mobility, or the lack of it, is back in the news following the release of a University and College Union (UCU) report, "Location, Location, Location," and a speech from the Business Secretary, Lord Mandelson, in which he warned that there is no silver bullet when it comes to social mobility. The UCU report revealed that where a…

  18. Human Rights and Decision-Making in Child Protection through Explicit Argumentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Joe; Taylor, Brian; Mc Call, Susannah

    2006-01-01

    A recent judgement in February 2005 by the Lord Chief Justice in Northern Ireland that a Health and Social Services Trust had breached a parent's Article 8 Right to Family Life in the process used to take a young child into care has stimulated major debate about the interface between the Human Rights Act (1998) and professional decision-making in…

  19. WILLIAM GOLDING'S NOVEL--THE BACKWARD LOOK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PECK, CAROL FAULKNER

    THE "SURPRISE ENDINGS" IN EACH OF WILLIAM GOLDING'S FIRST FOUR NOVELS OCCUR WHEN THE POINT OF VIEW SHIFTS FROM THE LIMITED WORLD OF THE NOVEL TO THE UNLIMITED WORLD OF REALITY. THE BOYS' RESCUE BY THE UNCOMPREHENDING OFFICER IN "LORD OF THE FLIES," REFOCUSES AND REINFORCES ALL THAT PRECEDES IT, AND THE FABLE, SUPERIMPOSED UPON REAL LIFE, BECOMES…

  20. Evaluation of Small-Sample Statistics that Test Whether Variables Measure the Same Trait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Jeffrey Lee

    1988-01-01

    The performance was studied of five small-sample statistics--by F. M. Lord, W. Kristof, Q. McNemar, R. A. Forsyth and L. S. Feldt, and J. P. Braden--that test whether two variables measure the same trait except for measurement error. Effects of non-normality were investigated. The McNemar statistic was most powerful. (TJH)

  1. Condom Nation: The U.S. Government's Sex Education Campaign from World War I to the Internet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, Alexandra M.

    2009-01-01

    This history of the U.S. Public Health Service's efforts to educate Americans about sex makes clear why federally funded sex education has been haphazard, ad hoc, and often ineffectual. Since launching its first sex ed program during World War I, the Public Health Service has dominated federal sex education efforts. Alexandra M. Lord draws on…

  2. The Meaning of Goodness-of-Fit Tests: Commentary on "Goodness-of-Fit Assessment of Item Response Theory Models"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thissen, David

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, David Thissen states that "Goodness-of-fit assessment for IRT models is maturing; it has come a long way from zero." Thissen then references prior works on "goodness of fit" in the index of Lord and Novick's (1968) classic text; Yen (1984); Drasgow, Levine, Tsien, Williams, and Mead (1995); Chen and…

  3. An All-School Library Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Connie

    2005-01-01

    The library media center is hosting an all-school team challenge, designed to celebrate reading and library skills. Students could choose from the contest categories like "Lord of the Rings", "Harry Potter", Author Facts Challenge and Opening Lines Challenge for the competition and those students who read more challenging books show their…

  4. Linking Item Parameters to a Base Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Taehoon; Petersen, Nancy S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper compares three methods of item calibration--concurrent calibration, separate calibration with linking, and fixed item parameter calibration--that are frequently used for linking item parameters to a base scale. Concurrent and separate calibrations were implemented using BILOG-MG. The Stocking and Lord in "Appl Psychol Measure"…

  5. Welcoming and Restoring, Dwelling and Sending: Creating a Space for Hospitality in Faculty Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Marion H.

    2009-01-01

    Parker Palmer's (1983) often-quoted definition of teaching--"To teach is to create a space in which obedience to truth is practiced"--can be applied productively to work in faculty development. Exploring this notion is enhanced by the theological literature in hospitality, which can be viewed through Amy Oden's (2001) discussion of four movements…

  6. Issues in Language Programme Evaluation in the 1990s. Anthology Series 27.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anivan, Sarinee, Ed.

    Papers on aspects of second language program evaluation include the following: "The Role of Language Testing in Language Program Evaluation" (Adrian Palmer); "Defining an Appropriate Role for Language Tests in Intensive English Language Programs" (Margaret Des Brisay, Doreen Ready); "Principles and Practice in an…

  7. Situation in Southern US Row Crops

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In research from southern University weed scientists pre applied herbicides appear to provide the best chance for successful Palmer amaranth control without relying on glyphosate. Fomesafen applied 14 days before cotton planting (DBP) or flumioxazin applied 21 DBP has provided good control if activ...

  8. Road Tripping down the Digital Preservation Highway, Part I: Hitting the Road

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colati, Jessica Branco; Colati, Gregory C.

    2011-01-01

    In this inaugural column, the authors introduce Peter Palmer, erstwhile librarian at Bellaluna University who is being tasked with managing the library's and university's digital content as he begins his journey down the Digital Highway. As head of access services at Bellaluna University, Peter had been, by default, made responsible for managing…

  9. Road Tripping Down the Digital Preservation Highway, Part II: Road Signs, Billboards, and Rest Stops along the Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colati, Jessica Branco; Colati, Gregory C.

    2011-01-01

    In this second of a two-part article on road tripping down the Digital Preservation Highway, the authors follow the continuing adventures of Peter Palmer, erstwhile librarian at Bellaluna University and manager of the library's and University's digital content, as he journeys down the Digital Preservation Highway. In the authors' last visit with…

  10. Field and laboratory fomesafen dissipation in the southern Atlantic Coastal Plain (USA)

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Glyphosate resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) was discovered in central Georgia (USA) in 2006. Subsequent spread of this highly problematic weed throughout the region prompted growers and registrants to seek labels for herbicides that can provide cost-effective control. To this end, the...

  11. Grades as Predictors of College and Career Success: The Case of a Health-Related Institution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, David L.

    1991-01-01

    Examined relationship between grades, academic performance, and career success in case of nontraditional, health-related educational institution (Palmer College of Chiropractic). Found direct relationship between entering grade point average and subsequent college performance. Relationship between good grades in professional schools and career…

  12. Community Attitudes about Economic Impacts of Colleges: A Case Study. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Robert J.

    This study examined attitudes of people about benefits of the economic impacts of two local colleges (Palmer College of Chiropractic and Scott Community College) in the metropolitan Quad Cities area of Rock Island County (Illinois) and Scott County (Iowa). The study compared impacts considered important by the community with those estimated by the…

  13. Stuffed Derivatives of Close-Packed Structures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Bodie E.

    2007-01-01

    Decades ago Buerger described and later Palmer reviewed stuffed silica crystal structures widely used by mineralogists. Many publications and books have discussed common crystal structures in terms of close-packing of one set of atoms or ions (P sites) with other atoms or ions in tetrahedral (T) or octahedral (O) sites. Douglas and Ho described…

  14. British and American Influences on the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language from the 1950s till the 1970s Mediated by the British Council and the Council of Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gundem, Bjorg B.

    A research project concerned with the development of English as a school subject in the Norwegian elementary and junior high school identifies and describes British and American influences on the theoretical climate of foreign language teaching in Western Europe from the 1950's to the 1970's. A distinct British influence, the so-called Palmer,…

  15. WORKING GROUP 3 SUMMARY:. "Exotic source physics: photon-assisted filed emission, spin polarization, cathode-less (plasma) sources, etc."

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brau, Charles A.; Mori, Warren B.

    2000-12-01

    Participants of the Working Group included: N. Barov, C. Brau, J Clendenin, T. Cowan, E. Dodd, E. Esarey, W. Gai, R. Hemker, C. Joshi, T. Katsouleas, S. Lee, W. Leemans, W. Mori, D. Palmer, J Rosenzweig, L. Serafini, H. Suk, Telfer, M.Thomson, S. Trotz.

  16. Hope, Strength, and Perseverance Community and Connectedness through Service Learning: Active Participation in the Oklahoma City Memorial Kids' Marathon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Jaime D.

    2010-01-01

    Many complex problems affect the lives of our citizens, including our children. A particularly important problem is a lack of a sense of community and connectedness (Belenky, et. al, 1986; Bellah, et. al, 1985; Dewey, 1938; Houser & Kuzmic, 2001; Palmer, 1998). There is a feeling among many that we are no longer connected to something larger…

  17. Making Class Size Work in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienken, C. H.; Achilles, C. M.

    2006-01-01

    Most research on the positive effects of class-size reduction (CSR) has occurred in the elementary level (Word, Johnston, Bain, Fulton, Zaharias, Lintz, Achilles, Folger, & Breda, 1990; Molnar, Smith, Zahorik, Palmer, Halbach, & Ehrle, 1999). Is CSR an important variable in improving education in the middle grades? Can small classes be…

  18. FEU Technology Digest No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Further Education Unit, London (England).

    This publication contains a glossary of acronyms; an editorial (Ingram); "Integrative Assignments and Design" (Biles, Palmer); "Computer-Based Education: A Student's Response" (Landau); "Taking the RISC [Reduced Instruction Set Computer] in FHE [Further and Higher Education]" (Meeke); "Engineering Education in…

  19. Erratum: 5aMU1. Movement amplitude and tempo change in piano performance [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 115, 2590 (2004)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palmer, Caroline; dalla Bella, Simone

    2004-09-01

    The correct authors and affiliations for this manuscript are Caroline Palmer, Dept. of Psychology, McGill Univ., 1205 Dr. Penfield Ave., Montreal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada, Caroline.palmeratmcgill.ca and Simone Dalla Bella, Kazimierz Wielki Univ., Bydgoszcz, 85-867 Poland.

  20. Characterizing changes in drought risk for the United States from climate change

    EPA Science Inventory

    The effect of climate change on the frequency and intensity of droughts across the contiguous United States over the next century is assessed by applying Standardized Precipitation Indices and the Palmer Drought Severity Index to the full suite of 22 Intergovernmental Panel on Cl...

  1. Review of Pearson Test of English Academic: Building an Assessment Use Argument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Huan; Choi, Ikkyu; Schmidgall, Jonathan; Bachman, Lyle F.

    2012-01-01

    This review departs from current practice in reviewing tests in that it employs an "argument-based approach" to test validation to guide the review (e.g. Bachman, 2005; Kane, 2006; Mislevy, Steinberg, & Almond, 2002). Specifically, it follows an approach to test development and use that Bachman and Palmer (2010) call the process of "assessment…

  2. The Contours of Inclusion: Frameworks and Tools for Evaluating Arts in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glass, Don; Palmer Wolf, Dennie; Molloy, Traci; Rodriguez, Aamir; Horowitz, Robert; Burnaford, Gail; Mertens, Donna M.

    2008-01-01

    This collection of essays explores various arts education-specific evaluation tools, as well as considers Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and the inclusion of people with disabilities in the design of evaluation instruments and strategies. Prominent evaluators Donna M. Mertens, Robert Horowitz, Dennie Palmer Wolf, and Gail Burnaford are…

  3. MathBench Biology Modules: Web-Based Math for All Biology Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Karen C.; Marbach-Ad, Gili; Schneider, Katie; Thompson, Katerina V.; Shields, Patricia A.; Fagan, William F.

    2009-01-01

    Historically, biology has not been a heavily quantitative science, but this is changing rapidly (Ewing 2002; Gross 2000; Hastings and palmer 2003; Jungck 2005; Steen 2005). Quantitative approaches now constitute a key tool for modern biologists, yet undergraduate biology courses remain largely qualitative and descriptive. Although biology majors…

  4. Characters and Episodes that Provide Models for Middle School Writers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelttari, Carole

    2012-01-01

    While conducting a content analysis of award-winning, middle school fiction, I indentified a number of episodes and characters that might be used as models for students' writing. Research suggests that teachers can motivate students (Bruning & Horn, 2000; Codling, Gambrell, Kennedy, Palmer, & Graham, 1996) to respond to character-writers (Van…

  5. Reducing Apprehensions of Adolescent Singers in Choral Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvey, Philip E.

    2014-01-01

    Choral music educators can purposefully create a learning environment that helps minimize the anxieties of young singers. According to Parker Palmer, "to teach is to create a space" that possesses three qualities: hospitality, openness, and boundaries. Choral music educators can influence these characteristics by applying five strategies…

  6. Managers and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    This document contains four symposium papers on managers, learning, and human resource development (HRD). "Expatriate Managers and HRD: The Missing Link" (Teresa M. Palmer, Iris I. Varner) reviews the literature on selection, training, retention, and organizational strategy related to expatriate assignments and presents a model that ties…

  7. Language Teachers' Target Language Project: Language for Specific Purposes of Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korenev, Alexey; Westbrook, Carolyn; Merry, Yvonne; Ershova, Tatiana

    2016-01-01

    The Language Teachers' Target Language project (LTTL) aims to describe language teachers' target language use domain (Bachman & Palmer 2010) and to develop a language test for future teachers of English. The team comprises four researchers from Moscow State University (MSU) and Southampton Solent University.

  8. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIATION AND CHANGE ON MID-ATLANTIC REGION HYDROLOGY

    EPA Science Inventory

    This study analyzes periodic variations in the climate of the mid-Atlantic Region over the last 100 years and uses general circulation models (GCMs) to project major climate trends for the next hundred years. Historical data include the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for th...

  9. Price of dissension: the private wars of Dr. Leo L Spears, 1921-1956.

    PubMed

    Rehm, W S

    1995-06-01

    Anathema to the Denver medical community, favorite of the 1950s-era sensationalist press, Leo Spears and his hospital represented the complexities of chiropratic. A dynamic achiever in the face of adversity, this 1921 Palmer School graduate built the profession's first large hospital complex and had plans for an institution that would have been among the largest healthcare facilities in existence.

  10. 77 FR 3799 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ... plans to take from the Palmer Station area approximately 20 brown marine algae, 30 green marine algae, 10 red marine algae, and 10 diatom marine algae to sublimate cultures of filamentous Antarctic... interactions of epiphytic and endophytic algae (both filamentous macroalgae and diatoms) with larger...

  11. 77 FR 4060 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... to take from the Palmer Station area approximately 20 brown marine algae, 30 green marine algae, 10 red marine algae, and 10 diatom marine algae to sublimate cultures of ] filamentous Antarctic... interactions of epiphytic and endophytic algae (both filamentous macroalgae and diatoms) with larger...

  12. American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) Bulletin, 1992-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchese, Theodore J., Ed.

    1993-01-01

    The 10 issues of this organizational bulletin for the 1992/93 school year present articles, panel discussions, interviews, and essays on issues concerning the advancement of higher education. Among the topics and issues discussed are the following: an interview with Parker J. Palmer concerning community and commitment in higher education;…

  13. Friction in Sliding Orthodontic Mechanics: Ceramic Brackets, Teflon-Coated Wires and Comparative Resistances

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    Nitinol ; Unitek Corp., Monrovia, CA.) against the 3 bracket-slot. With increased angulation, however, the Nitinol wire created much less friction than...Palmer, F.: Friction, Sci. Am. 184:54-58, 1951. Petersen, L., Spencer, R., and Andreasen, G.: A com- parison of friction resistance for Nitinol and

  14. Prendergast and the 'Mastery Method': An Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tickoo, M. L.

    1986-01-01

    Looks at the work of Thomas Prendergast, a nineteenth century language-learning specialist. Reviews those aspects of his work which come closest to Harold Palmer's work, either in its theoretical assumptions or in its practical prescience. Prendergast believed that a language is learned by imitation, planned repetition, mimicry, and memorization.…

  15. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (74th, Boston, Massachusetts, August 7-10, 1991). Part XVI: Miscellaneous Studies, Section A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

    Section A of the Miscellaneous Studies section of the proceedings contains the following 17 papers: "Readability Reconsidered: A Study of Reader Reactions to Differences in Fog Indexes" (Katherine C. McAdams); "Country and Nostalgia: Space and Time in Magazine Journalism" (Allen W. Palmer); "Images and Descriptions: A…

  16. Exploring the Meaning of Reading among Highly Motivated Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Kelli Ann

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this interpretive case study was to explore the reading perceptions and attitudes of children who exhibit high levels of motivation to read. In order to determine children who were highly motivated to read, the Motivation to Read Profile, from Gambrell, Palmer, Codling and Mazzoni (1996) was administered to 19 initial participants…

  17. 75 FR 28780 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Michigan Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-24

    ... Partich Auditorium at Wayne State University Law School, 471 W. Palmer, Detroit, Michigan. The purpose of... St., Suite 410, Chicago, IL 60603. Persons wishing to email their comments, or to present their comments verbally at the meeting, or who desire additional information should contact Carolyn...

  18. Selected Lexical Patterns in Saudi Arabian Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Lesa; Palmer, Jeffrey Levi; Reynolds, Wanette

    2012-01-01

    This combined paper will focus on the description of two selected lexical patterns in Saudi Arabian Sign Language (SASL): metaphor and metonymy in emotion-related signs (Young) and lexicalization patterns of objects and their derivational roots (Palmer and Reynolds). The over-arcing methodology used by both studies is detailed in Stephen and…

  19. 76 FR 69793 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ... conditions: Jose P. Martinez Phillip Gene Roberts Dennis Wayne Vaughn John Gramling Larry Ventimiglia Bret... do not meet the vision standard in the better eye: William R. Connolly Jose A. Guevara One applicant.... Gonzalez Jerard David Menyhart Danny Michael Harris Kevin Palmer Moises P. Ibarra Jeffery O....

  20. Development and Application of Flow Duration Curves for Stream Restoration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-01

    study but instead at the intersection of hydrologic and hydraulic engineering, terrestrial and aquatic ecology , geomorphology, geology, and...biogeochemistry. Palmer and Bernhardt (2006) identify the linking of hydrologic processes with ecological outcomes as a starting point for effective, holistic... ecological outcomes (Fischenich and McKay 2011). Poff et al. (1997) identified five critical components of a streamflow hydrograph that regulate

  1. Well Spoken: Teaching Speaking to All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Erik

    2011-01-01

    All teachers at all grade levels in all subjects have speaking assignments for students, but many teachers believe they don't know how to teach speaking, and many even fear public speaking themselves. In his new book, "Well Spoken", veteran teacher and education consultant Erik Palmer shares the art of teaching speaking in any classroom. Teachers…

  2. Publishing Magazines: To Meet Reader Needs and Interests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Lane M.

    A series of lectures presented by "Farm Journal's" editor-in-chief Lane Palmer to the advanced agricultural writing course of the University of Wisconsin's Department of Agricultural Journalism in the spring of 1970 formed the basis for this publication. The purpose of the lectures was to stimulate student interest in feature writing and magazine…

  3. Radar Rainfall Estimation using a Quadratic Z-R equation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hall, Will; Rico-Ramirez, Miguel Angel; Kramer, Stefan

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this work is to test a method that enables the input of event based drop size distributions to alter a quadratic reflectivity (Z) to rainfall (R) equation that is limited by fixed upper and lower points. Results will be compared to the Marshall-Palmer Z-R relation outputs and validated by a network of gauges and a single polarisation weather radar located close to Essen, Germany. The time window over which the drop size distribution measurements will be collected is varied to note any effect on the generated quadratic Z-R relation. The new quadratic algorithm shows some distinct improvement over the Marshall-Palmer relationship through multiple events. The inclusion of a minimum number of Z-R points helped to decrease the associated error by defaulting back to the Marshall-Palmer equation if the limit was not reached. More research will be done to discover why the quadratic performs poorly in some events as there appears to be little correlation between number of drops or mean rainfall amount and the associated error. In some cases it seems the spatial distribution of the disdrometers has a significant effect as a large percentage of the rain bands pass to the north of two of the three disdrometers, frequently in a slightly north-easterly direction. However during widespread precipitation events the new algorithm works very well with reductions compared to the Marshall-Palmer relation.

  4. A Model for Statewide Evaluation of a Universal Positive Behavior Support Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elfner Childs, Karen; Kincaid, Don; George, Heather Peshak

    2010-01-01

    Several statewide evaluations of Tier 1/Universal Level Positive Behavior Support (PBS) implementation efforts have been conducted, adhering to the evaluation template developed by Horner, Sugai, and Lewis-Palmer in 2005. Building on these examples, Florida's Positive Behavior Support Project developed a comprehensive evaluation system that sought…

  5. Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor Polymorphisms and Breast Cancer Aggressiveness in African American and European American Women

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    successfully funded by NCI (P01 CA151135, PIs: Ambrosone, Palmer, Millikan ). CONCLUSION To conclude, we found premenopausal women with cancer of...e1000279. 15. Millikan RC, Newman B, Tse CK, Moorman PG, Conway K, et al. (2008) Epidemiology of basal-like breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat

  6. A Model Vocational High Technology in Health Care Demonstration Project. Final Performance Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valencia Community Coll., Orlando, FL.

    A unique training program in high tech obstetrical, neonatal, and pediatric nursing care areas was designed to be offered on site at Orlando (Florida) Regional Medical/Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children and Women. The training program offered 16 different courses to 355 employees over the 18-month period of the project. A needs assessment was…

  7. Allocating Tactical High-Performance Computer (HPC) Resources to Offloaded Computation in Battlefield Scenarios

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    devices. Offloading solutions such as Cuckoo (12), MAUI(13), COMET(14), and ThinkAir(15) offload applications via Wi-Fi or 3G networks to servers or...Soldier Smartphone Program. Information Week, 2010. 12. Kemp, R.; Palmer, N.; Kielmann, T.; Bal, H. Cuckoo : A Computation Offloading Framework for

  8. Random forest and leaf multispectral reflectance data to differentiate three soybean varieties from two pigweeds

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Accurate weed identification is a prerequisite for implementing site-specific weed management in crop production. Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.) and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L.) are two common pigweeds that reduce soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] yields in the southeas...

  9. Evaluation of spectral light management on growth of container-grown willow oak, nuttall oak and summer red maple

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Plant response to blue, red, gray or black shade cloth was evaluated with willow oak (Quercus phellos L.), Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii Palmer, Nuttall) and Summer Red maple (Acer rubrum L. ‘Summer Red’) liners. Light transmitted through the colored shade cloth had no influence on germination of ...

  10. Not Fade Away: Sustaining Programs When Grant Funding Ends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boerner, Heather

    2017-01-01

    The Arizona Advanced Manufacturing Institute (AzAMI) is still a year away from the end of the U.S. Department of Labor grant that expanded the program, but already, AzAMI Executive Director Leah Palmer at Mesa Community College (MCC) in Mesa, Arizona, is fielding calls from companies that have hired her students through the institute. As state…

  11. Interstellar formaldehyde. I - The collisional pumping mechanism for anomalous 6-centimeter absorption.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thaddeus, P.

    1972-01-01

    Investigation of the quantum mechanics of the collisional pumping process which Townes and Cheung (1969) propose as the cause of 'anomalous' formaldehyde absorption in diffuse dark nebulae discussed by Palmer et al. (1969). Quantum effects are taken into account in an attempt to determine whether such nebulae are likely to provide the physical conditions required for the collisional pumping process.

  12. Job Creation through Public Service Employment. An Interim Report to the Congress of the National Commission for Manpower Policy. Volume III. Commissioned Papers. Report No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission for Manpower Policy, Washington, DC.

    This third volume of a three-volume report of the National Commission for Manpower Policy on Public Service Employment (PSE) contains four papers prepared for the commission's use by various scholars in the field: "Evaluating the Economic Stimulus Package from an Employment and Training Perspective," by John Palmer; "Public Service Employment as…

  13. A Poem Points, a Thesis Explains: Pedagogic Epiphany and Liminal Disposition in Adult Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mc Cormack, David

    2015-01-01

    In this paper I reflect on epiphany moments in teaching and learning and the ways in which writing such moments can serve both to refresh and revitalise what Palmer calls the inner landscape of the educator, while also offering opportunities to enliven pedagogy. I use the notion of the liminal disposition to position such writing as an agentic act…

  14. Assessment of Chiropractic Treatment for Low Back Pain, Military Readiness and Smoking Cessation in Military Active Duty Personnel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    IA ; † Physical Medicine and Integrative Care Services, Fort Bliss, TX ; ‡ Samueli Institute, Alexandria, VA ; § Palmer College of Chiropractic...drug(s). Samueli Institute grant funds were received to support this work. Some of this work was conducted in a facility constructed with support

  15. Youth in Force in the Labor Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, Dottie L.; Walsh, Gene

    Five Alaskan communities, Ketchikan, Palmer, McGrath, Dillingham, and Kotzebue, were selected as demonstration sites for the Balance of State (BOS) Youth Employment Training Program (YETP), which addressed in-school and out-of-school youth through assessment, career guidance, work-study, and out-of-school programs. An analysis of need showed that…

  16. Justifying the Use of a Second Language Oral Test as an Exit Test in Hong Kong: An Application of Assessment Use Argument Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jia, Yujie

    2013-01-01

    This study employed Bachman and Palmer's (2010) Assessment Use Argument framework to investigate to what extent the use of a second language oral test as an exit test in a Hong Kong university can be justified. It also aimed to help test developers of this oral test identify the most critical areas in the current test design that might need…

  17. Winter cover crops influence Amaranthus palmeri establishment

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Winter cover crops were evaluated for their effect on Palmer amaranth (PA) suppression in cotton production. Cover crops examined included rye and four winter legumes: narrow-leaf lupine, crimson clover, Austrian winter pea, and cahaba vetch. Each legume was evaluated alone and in a mixture with rye...

  18. Reflexive Pedagogy: Disciplinary Idioms as Resources for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garnett, Robert F.; Vanderlinden, Lisa K.

    2011-01-01

    Disciplinary models of learning such as ethnography (cultural anthropology) and market competition (economics) have received little attention in the burgeoning literature on "how teacher thinking shapes education". To mobilize the pedagogical potential of these disciplinary idioms, the authors draw from the path-breaking works of Palmer and…

  19. 45 CFR 671.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... means McMurdo Station, Palmer Station, Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station and any other permanent USAP... consisting of or containing one or more designated pollutants. Antarctica means the area south of 60 degrees south latitude. Banned substance means any polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), non-sterile...

  20. 45 CFR 671.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... means McMurdo Station, Palmer Station, Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station and any other permanent USAP... consisting of or containing one or more designated pollutants. Antarctica means the area south of 60 degrees south latitude. Banned substance means any polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), non-sterile...