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  1. Path Pascal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, R. H.; Kolstad, R. B.; Holle, D. F.; Miller, T. J.; Krause, P.; Horton, K.; Macke, T.

    1983-01-01

    Path Pascal is high-level experimental programming language based on PASCAL, which incorporates extensions for systems and real-time programming. Pascal is extended to treat real-time concurrent systems.

  2. Path Pascal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, R. H.; Kolstad, R. B.; Holle, D. F.; Miller, T. J.; Krause, P.; Horton, K.; Macke, T.

    1983-01-01

    Path Pascal is high-level experimental programming language based on PASCAL, which incorporates extensions for systems and real-time programming. Pascal is extended to treat real-time concurrent systems.

  3. Pascal's Triangle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Patricia Shea

    2003-01-01

    Notes that Montessori classrooms provide children with the opportunity to explore and discover mathematics. Describes the introduction to Pascal's Triangle as a suggested opportunity to connect young children to deep mathematical truths. Provides teachers with materials requirements, and notes ideas on what can be acquired from the problem, the…

  4. Pascal's Triangle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Patricia Shea

    2003-01-01

    Notes that Montessori classrooms provide children with the opportunity to explore and discover mathematics. Describes the introduction to Pascal's Triangle as a suggested opportunity to connect young children to deep mathematical truths. Provides teachers with materials requirements, and notes ideas on what can be acquired from the problem, the…

  5. PASCAL vs BASIC

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundie, David A.

    1978-01-01

    A comparison between PASCAL and BASIC as general purpose microprocessor languages rates PASCAL above BASIC in such points as program structure, data types, structuring methods, control structures, procedures and functions, and ease in learning. (CMV)

  6. PASCAL vs BASIC

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundie, David A.

    1978-01-01

    A comparison between PASCAL and BASIC as general purpose microprocessor languages rates PASCAL above BASIC in such points as program structure, data types, structuring methods, control structures, procedures and functions, and ease in learning. (CMV)

  7. BASIC Beats PASCAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ever, Jacob

    1981-01-01

    Features of two versions of the BASIC programing language are compared with the features of the PASCAL programing language. The application chosen for comparison was a word processor. The conclusion was that PASCAL had the best language features, but BASIC had better systems capabilities. (MP)

  8. PASCAL/48 reference manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, J. C.; Hamm, R. W.

    1984-01-01

    PASCAL/48 is a programming language for the Intel MCS-48 series of microcomputers. In particular, it can be used with the Intel 8748. It is designed to allow the programmer to control most of the instructions being generated and the allocation of storage. The language can be used instead of ASSEMBLY language in most applications while allowing the user the necessary degree of control over hardware resources. Although it is called PASCAL/48, the language differs in many ways from PASCAL. The program structure and statements of the two languages are similar, but the expression mechanism and data types are different. The PASCAL/48 cross-compiler is written in PASCAL and runs on the CDC CYBER NOS system. It generates object code in Intel hexadecimal format that can be used to program the MCS-48 series of microcomputers. This reference manual defines the language, describes the predeclared procedures, lists error messages, illustrates use, and includes language syntax diagrams.

  9. Parallel Pascal - An extended Pascal for parallel computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reeves, A. P.

    1984-01-01

    Parallel Pascal is an extended version of the conventional serial Pascal programming language which includes a convenient syntax for specifying array operations. It is upward compatible with standard Pascal and involves only a small number of carefully chosen new features. Parallel Pascal was developed to reduce the semantic gap between standard Pascal and a large range of highly parallel computers. Two important design goals of Parallel Pascal were efficiency and portability. Portability is particularly difficult to achieve since different parallel computers frequently have very different capabilities.

  10. Parallel Pascal - An extended Pascal for parallel computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reeves, A. P.

    1984-01-01

    Parallel Pascal is an extended version of the conventional serial Pascal programming language which includes a convenient syntax for specifying array operations. It is upward compatible with standard Pascal and involves only a small number of carefully chosen new features. Parallel Pascal was developed to reduce the semantic gap between standard Pascal and a large range of highly parallel computers. Two important design goals of Parallel Pascal were efficiency and portability. Portability is particularly difficult to achieve since different parallel computers frequently have very different capabilities.

  11. Beyond Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minor, Darrell P.

    2005-01-01

    In "Beyond Pascals Triangle" the author demonstrates ways of using "Pascallike" triangles to expand polynomials raised to powers in a fairly quick and easy fashion. The recursive method could easily be implemented within a spreadsheet, or simply by using paper and pencil. An explanation of why the method works follows the several examples that are…

  12. Beyond Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minor, Darrell P.

    2005-01-01

    In "Beyond Pascals Triangle" the author demonstrates ways of using "Pascallike" triangles to expand polynomials raised to powers in a fairly quick and easy fashion. The recursive method could easily be implemented within a spreadsheet, or simply by using paper and pencil. An explanation of why the method works follows the several examples that are…

  13. Properties of hyperbolic Pascal triangles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belbachir, Hacene; Németh, László; Szalay, László

    2017-08-01

    Here we summarize some results on a recently introduced new generalization of Pascal's triangle called hyperbolic Pascal triangles. The name comes from the mathematical background, which goes back to regular mosaics on the hyperbolic plane. A few open questions will also be posed.

  14. Pascal's Infinite Set of Triangles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skurnick, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    Pascal's Triangle is, without question, the most well-known triangular array of numbers in all of mathematics. A well-known algorithm for constructing Pascal's Triangle is based on the following two observations. The outer edges of the triangle consist of all 1's. Each number not lying on the outer edges is the sum of the two numbers above it in…

  15. Visual experiences of Blaise Pascal.

    PubMed

    Paciaroni, Maurizio

    2010-01-01

    The writings of Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), mathematician, physicist, and theologian, are often thought of as an ideal example of classical French prose. In fact, Pascal's scientific contributions include the principle of hydrostatics, known as Pascal's Law. In mathematics, he helped develop the probability theory and also made significant contributions to the realization of infinite series and the geometry of curves. He is also considered one of the most important French philosophers principally due to his book entitled 'Pensées'. Pascal had a religious conversion in the 1650s and following this he devoted himself more to religion than science. There is evidence that Pascal suffered from visual migraines with recurring headaches, episodes of blindness in half of his visual field, zigzag, fortification spectra, and other visual hallucinations. It is believed that the migraine aura experiences might have acted as a source of inspiration for Pascal's philosophical reflections. Pascal's sudden religious conversion, probably the most decisive moment in Pascal's personal life, during the night of the 23rd to 24th of November 1654, was accompanied by a lighted vision which he interpreted as fire which brought him the total conviction of God's 'reality and presence'. This experience may have been based on the effects of a migraine aura attack. In fact, this spiritual experience led him to dedicate the rest of his life to religious and philosophical interests. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Pascal's Infinite Set of Triangles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skurnick, Ronald

    2005-01-01

    Pascal's Triangle is, without question, the most well-known triangular array of numbers in all of mathematics. A well-known algorithm for constructing Pascal's Triangle is based on the following two observations. The outer edges of the triangle consist of all 1's. Each number not lying on the outer edges is the sum of the two numbers above it in…

  17. A Potpourri of Pascal Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gimmestad, Beverly; And Others

    This is a collection of Pascal programs that were developed for a 1986 National Science Foundation-sponsored high school teachers' summer workshop. The programs can be used as a means of extending or enriching textbook material in either high school mathematics or Pascal courses. Some suggested uses are: (1) teacher demonstrations in mathematics…

  18. Using PASCAL for numerical analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Volper, D.; Miller, T. C.

    1978-01-01

    The data structures and control structures of PASCAL enhance the coding ability of the programmer. Proposed extensions to the language further increase its usefulness in writing numeric programs and support packages for numeric programs.

  19. Using PASCAL for numerical analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Volper, D.; Miller, T. C.

    1978-01-01

    The data structures and control structures of PASCAL enhance the coding ability of the programmer. Proposed extensions to the language further increase its usefulness in writing numeric programs and support packages for numeric programs.

  20. Appendix E: Parallel Pascal development system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The Parallel Pascal Development System enables Parallel Pascal programs to be developed and tested on a conventional computer. It consists of several system programs, including a Parallel Pascal to standard Pascal translator, and a library of Parallel Pascal subprograms. The library includes subprograms for using Parallel Pascal on a parallel system with a fixed degree of parallelism, such as the Massively Parallel Processor, to conveniently manipulate arrays which have dimensions than the hardware. Programs can be conveninetly tested with small sized arrays on the conventional computer before attempting to run on a parallel system.

  1. Appendix E: Parallel Pascal development system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The Parallel Pascal Development System enables Parallel Pascal programs to be developed and tested on a conventional computer. It consists of several system programs, including a Parallel Pascal to standard Pascal translator, and a library of Parallel Pascal subprograms. The library includes subprograms for using Parallel Pascal on a parallel system with a fixed degree of parallelism, such as the Massively Parallel Processor, to conveniently manipulate arrays which have dimensions than the hardware. Programs can be conveninetly tested with small sized arrays on the conventional computer before attempting to run on a parallel system.

  2. Complete Genome of Bacillus megaterium Podophage Pascal.

    PubMed

    Snowden, Jeffery D; Vega Gonzalez, Alexander E; Maroun, Justin W; Hernandez, Adriana C; Kuty Everett, Gabriel F

    2015-01-29

    Podophage Pascal infects Bacillus megaterium, a commonly used model organism in biochemical research and an important industrial-scale protein production system. Here, we report the sequenced and annotated genome of Pascal and describe its prominent features. Bacteriophages such as Pascal may be valuable tools for research and industry. Copyright © 2015 Snowden et al.

  3. A Virus in Turbo Pascal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teleky, Heidi Ann; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Addresses why the authors feel it is not inappropriate to teach about viruses in the how-to, hands-on fashion. Identifies the special features of Turbo Pascal that have to be used for the creation of an effective virus. Defines virus, derives its structure, and from this structure is derived the implemented virus. (PR)

  4. A Virus in Turbo Pascal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teleky, Heidi Ann; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Addresses why the authors feel it is not inappropriate to teach about viruses in the how-to, hands-on fashion. Identifies the special features of Turbo Pascal that have to be used for the creation of an effective virus. Defines virus, derives its structure, and from this structure is derived the implemented virus. (PR)

  5. The Pascal Mars Scout Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, R. M.; Fonda, Mark (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Except for Earth, Mars is the planet most amenable to surface-based climate studies. Its surface is accessible, and the kind of observations that are needed, such as meteorological measurements from a long-lived global network, are readily achievable. Weather controls the movement of dust, the exchange of water between the surface and atmosphere, and the cycling of CO2 between the poles. We know there is a weather signal, we know how to measure it, and we know how to interpret it. Pascal seeks to understand the long-term global behavior of near-surface weather systems on Mars, how they interact with its surface, and, therefore, how they control its climate system. To achieve this, Pascal delivers 18 Science Stations to the surface of the planet that operate for three Mars years (5.6 Earth years). The network has stations operating in the tropics, midlatitudes, and polar regions of both hemispheres. During entry, descent, and landing, each Pascal probe acquires deceleration measurements to determine thermal structure, and descent images to characterize local terrain. On the surface, each Science Station takes daily measurements of pressure, opacity, temperature, wind speed, and water vapor concentration and monthly panoramic images of the landing environment. These data will characterize the planet's climate system and how atmosphere-surface interactions control it. The Pascal mission is named after 17th century French Scientist, Blaise Pascal, who pioneered measurements of atmospheric pressure. Pressure is the most critical measurement because it records the "heartbeat" of the planet's general circulation and climate system.

  6. The Pascal Mars Scout Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, R. M.

    2003-01-01

    Pascal is a Mars Climate Network Mission that is being developed for NASA's Mars Scout Program. The mission would establish a network of 18 science weather stations distributed across the entire surface of Mars that operates for 3-10 Mars years (5.6- 18.8 Earth years). Pascal's instrument suite combines entry data from accelerometers and descent cameras, with landed data from pressure, opacity, temperature, wind speed, and water vapor to create a detailed global picture of Martian climate and weather. A panoramic landed camera system acquires images every 30 Sols to monitor changes in the landing environment due to winds. Analysis of data from the science stations, taken as often as once every 15 minutes, will provide a depth of understanding that will vastly increase our knowledge of Mars, and significantly impact site selection for future NASA missions. Pascal is the first mission ever to sample - in situ - the full global diversity of Mars and provide a continuous long-term presence on its surface.

  7. The Pascal Mars Scout Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, R. M.

    2003-01-01

    Pascal is a Mars Climate Network Mission that is being developed for NASA's Mars Scout Program. The mission would establish a network of 18 science weather stations distributed across the entire surface of Mars that operates for 3-10 Mars years (5.6- 18.8 Earth years). Pascal's instrument suite combines entry data from accelerometers and descent cameras, with landed data from pressure, opacity, temperature, wind speed, and water vapor to create a detailed global picture of Martian climate and weather. A panoramic landed camera system acquires images every 30 Sols to monitor changes in the landing environment due to winds. Analysis of data from the science stations, taken as often as once every 15 minutes, will provide a depth of understanding that will vastly increase our knowledge of Mars, and significantly impact site selection for future NASA missions. Pascal is the first mission ever to sample - in situ - the full global diversity of Mars and provide a continuous long-term presence on its surface.

  8. Searching the PASCAL database - A user's perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jack, Robert F.

    1989-01-01

    The operation of PASCAL, a bibliographic data base covering broad subject areas in science and technology, is discussed. The data base includes information from about 1973 to the present, including topics in engineering, chemistry, physics, earth science, environmental science, biology, psychology, and medicine. Data from 1986 to the present may be searched using DIALOG. The procedures and classification codes for searching PASCAL are presented. Examples of citations retrieved from the data base are given and suggestions are made concerning when to use PASCAL.

  9. Searching the PASCAL database - A user's perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jack, Robert F.

    1989-01-01

    The operation of PASCAL, a bibliographic data base covering broad subject areas in science and technology, is discussed. The data base includes information from about 1973 to the present, including topics in engineering, chemistry, physics, earth science, environmental science, biology, psychology, and medicine. Data from 1986 to the present may be searched using DIALOG. The procedures and classification codes for searching PASCAL are presented. Examples of citations retrieved from the data base are given and suggestions are made concerning when to use PASCAL.

  10. [Blaise Pascal and his visual experiences].

    PubMed

    Paciaroni, Maurizio

    2011-12-01

    Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) the mathematician, physicist, and theologian, is often considered as an example of classical French prose. Pascal's primary scientific contribution was the principle of hydrostatics, known as Pascal's Law. Furthermore, he is also regarded as one of the most important French philosophers, principally due to his publication: "Pensées". There is documentation affirming that Pascal suffered from visual migraines with recurring headaches, episodes of blindness in half of his visual field, zigzag, fortification spectra, and other visual hallucinations. It has been hypothesised that these migraine aura experiences acted as a source of inspiration for Pascal's philosophical reflections. Pascal's sudden religious conversion, probably the most decisive moment in Pascal's personal life, during the night of the 23rd to 24th of November 1654, was accompanied by a lighted vision which he interpreted as fire convincing him of God's "reality and presence". This experience may have been triggered by the effects of a migraine aura attack. This spiritual epiphany led him to dedicate the rest of his life to religious and philosophical interests.

  11. About Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz, C.; Falcão, M. I.; Malonek, H. R.

    2013-10-01

    It is evident, that the properties of monogenic polynomials in (n + 1)-real variables significantly depend on the generators e1,e2,...,en of the underlying 2n-dimensional Clifford algebra Cℓ0,n over R and their interactions under multiplication. The case of n = 3 is studied through the consideration of Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries as special case of the general Pascal simplex for arbitrary n, which represents a useful geometric arrangement of all possible products. The different layers Lk of Pascal's tetrahedron (or pyramid) are built by ordered symmetric products contained in the trinomial expansion of (e1+e2+e3)k,k = 0,1,....

  12. Pascal's Triangle: 100% of the Numbers Are Even!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhindi, Nayan; McMenamin, Justin

    2010-01-01

    Pascal's triangle is an arrangement of the binomial coefficients in a triangle. Each number inside Pascal's triangle is calculated by adding the two numbers above it. When all the odd integers in Pascal's triangle are highlighted (black) and the remaining evens are left blank (white), one of many patterns in Pascal's triangle is displayed. By…

  13. PASCAL - Planetary Atmospheres Spectral Catalog

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rothman, Laurence; Gordon, Iouli

    2010-05-01

    Spectroscopic observation of planetary atmospheres, stellar atmospheres, comets, and the interstellar medium is the most powerful tool for extracting detailed information concerning the properties of these objects. The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database1 has traditionally served researchers involved with terrestrial atmospheric problems, such as remote-sensing of constituents in the atmosphere, pollution monitoring at the surface, identification of sources seen through the atmosphere, and numerous environmental issues. A new thrust of the HITRAN program is to extend this longstanding database to have capabilities for studying the above-mentioned planetary and astronomical systems. The new extension is called PASCAL (Planetary Atmospheres Spectral Catalog). The methodology and structure are basically identical to the construction of the HITRAN and HITEMP databases. We will acquire and assemble spectroscopic parameters for gases and spectral bands of molecules that are germane to the studies of planetary atmospheres. These parameters include the types of data that have already been considered for transmission and radiance algorithms, such as line position, intensity, broadening coefficients, lower-state energies, and temperature dependence values. Additional parameters beyond what is currently considered for the terrestrial atmosphere will be archived. Examples are collision-broadened halfwidths due to various foreign partners, collision-induced absorption, and temperature dependence factors. New molecules (and their isotopic variants), not currently included in the HITRAN database, will be incorporated. That includes hydrocarbons found on Titan but not archived in HITRAN (such as C3H4, C4H2, C3H8). Other examples include sulfur-bearing molecules such as SO and CS. A further consideration will be spectral bands that arise as opportunities to study exosolar planets. The task involves acquiring the best high-resolution data, both experimental and theoretical

  14. The PASCAL-HDM Verification System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    The PASCAL-HDM verification system is described. This system supports the mechanical generation of verification conditions from PASCAL programs and HDM-SPECIAL specifications using the Floyd-Hoare axiomatic method. Tools are provided to parse programs and specifications, check their static semantics, generate verification conditions from Hoare rules, and translate the verification conditions appropriately for proof using the Shostak Theorem Prover, are explained. The differences between standard PASCAL and the language handled by this system are explained. This consists mostly of restrictions to the standard language definition, the only extensions or modifications being the addition of specifications to the code and the change requiring the references to a function of no arguments to have empty parentheses.

  15. HDM/PASCAL Verification System User's Manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hare, D.

    1983-01-01

    The HDM/Pascal verification system is a tool for proving the correctness of programs written in PASCAL and specified in the Hierarchical Development Methodology (HDM). This document assumes an understanding of PASCAL, HDM, program verification, and the STP system. The steps toward verification which this tool provides are parsing programs and specifications, checking the static semantics, and generating verification conditions. Some support functions are provided such as maintaining a data base, status management, and editing. The system runs under the TOPS-20 and TENEX operating systems and is written in INTERLISP. However, no knowledge is assumed of these operating systems or of INTERLISP. The system requires three executable files, HDMVCG, PARSE, and STP. Optionally, the editor EMACS should be on the system in order for the editor to work. The file HDMVCG is invoked to run the system. The files PARSE and STP are used as lower forks to perform the functions of parsing and proving.

  16. The PASCAL-HDM Verification System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    The PASCAL-HDM verification system is described. This system supports the mechanical generation of verification conditions from PASCAL programs and HDM-SPECIAL specifications using the Floyd-Hoare axiomatic method. Tools are provided to parse programs and specifications, check their static semantics, generate verification conditions from Hoare rules, and translate the verification conditions appropriately for proof using the Shostak Theorem Prover, are explained. The differences between standard PASCAL and the language handled by this system are explained. This consists mostly of restrictions to the standard language definition, the only extensions or modifications being the addition of specifications to the code and the change requiring the references to a function of no arguments to have empty parentheses.

  17. HDM/PASCAL Verification System User's Manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hare, D.

    1983-01-01

    The HDM/Pascal verification system is a tool for proving the correctness of programs written in PASCAL and specified in the Hierarchical Development Methodology (HDM). This document assumes an understanding of PASCAL, HDM, program verification, and the STP system. The steps toward verification which this tool provides are parsing programs and specifications, checking the static semantics, and generating verification conditions. Some support functions are provided such as maintaining a data base, status management, and editing. The system runs under the TOPS-20 and TENEX operating systems and is written in INTERLISP. However, no knowledge is assumed of these operating systems or of INTERLISP. The system requires three executable files, HDMVCG, PARSE, and STP. Optionally, the editor EMACS should be on the system in order for the editor to work. The file HDMVCG is invoked to run the system. The files PARSE and STP are used as lower forks to perform the functions of parsing and proving.

  18. A PASCAL Implementation of the Image Algebra.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-01

    RFIT/GE/ENO/0-59 UNCLARSSIFI:ED F/O 9/2 mhhhhmhmhmhlmE~hNGh hh h 1.8 7 11111.25 111 .4 111. CRCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART THESI A PASCAL IMPLEMENTATION...OF THEIMAGE ALGEBRAII"-E T 1 THESIS I Christopher J. TitusD Captain, USAF AFIT/GE/ENG/86D-59 &pvv-ed fo, public rleaso, SDl~tjbUtim UnUimted...DTIC ELECTE MAR! 7 ig .4. e.4 JD A PASCAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IMAGE ALGEBRA THESIS Christopher J. Titus Captain, USAF AFIT/GE/ENG/86D-59 Approved for

  19. Who's Pascal and Why Is He Messing Up My Curriculum?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slesnick, Twila

    1983-01-01

    A recent College Board decision means that Pascal will soon replace BASIC as the primary language of computer students (and their teachers) nationwide. This Pascal primer will help individuals become familiar with how the language works. (Author)

  20. A Command of PASCAL Will Help Kids Control Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    dePillis, S. E.

    1984-01-01

    Argues against using prepared computer programs for school instruction and proposes PASCAL as the most instructionally apt choice for a first computer language. Includes tips on resources for teacher training and textbooks in PASCAL. (JW)

  1. Fibonacci-like sequences and generalized Pascal's triangles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vincenzi, G.; Siani, S.

    2014-05-01

    The properties pertaining to diagonals of generalized Pascal's triangles are studied. Combinatorial relationships between Fibonacci-like sequences and Fibonacci sequence itself are determined, using the sequence of diagonals of generalized Pascal's triangle.

  2. Who's Pascal and Why Is He Messing Up My Curriculum?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slesnick, Twila

    1983-01-01

    A recent College Board decision means that Pascal will soon replace BASIC as the primary language of computer students (and their teachers) nationwide. This Pascal primer will help individuals become familiar with how the language works. (Author)

  3. A Command of PASCAL Will Help Kids Control Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    dePillis, S. E.

    1984-01-01

    Argues against using prepared computer programs for school instruction and proposes PASCAL as the most instructionally apt choice for a first computer language. Includes tips on resources for teacher training and textbooks in PASCAL. (JW)

  4. Teaching Pascal's Triangle from a Computer Science Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skurnick, Ronald

    2004-01-01

    Pascal's Triangle is named for the seventeenth-century French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal (the same person for whom the computer programming language is named). Students are generally introduced to Pascal's Triangle in an algebra or precalculus class in which the Binomial Theorem is presented. This article, presents a new method…

  5. Teaching Pascal's Triangle from a Computer Science Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skurnick, Ronald

    2004-01-01

    Pascal's Triangle is named for the seventeenth-century French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal (the same person for whom the computer programming language is named). Students are generally introduced to Pascal's Triangle in an algebra or precalculus class in which the Binomial Theorem is presented. This article, presents a new method…

  6. Application of Pascal Principle in Earth Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samimi Namin, M.

    2009-12-01

    The Pascal experiment is interpreted and the chamber is roughly defined. Pascal experiment in relation to Pascal principle compared with a chamber in the earth crust. It is conclude that: 1: The pressure (P) inside the Pascal's cylinder is the combination of two pressure; the external pressure (P1) and the hydraulic pressure (P2). Pc=P1+P2 The direction of the force is from top to bottom. In the case of the chamber the pressure is Pch=P1-P2 and its positive direction is regarded to be from bottom to top. P1 is the external pressure, and is the maximum pressure applied to chamber .The external pressure creates a constant internal pressure throughout the chamber .The magnitude of the constant pressure is based on the litho static pressure of the bottom of the chamber; because it is the maximum pressure that the chamber is connected. P1=ρ1gH+ρ2gh Where H is the overburden thickness, h is the highness of the chamber, ρ1 is the density of the overburden and ρ2 is density of country rock. The hydrostatic pressure within the chamber is P2=ρ3gh. Also ρ3 is the density of the chamber. So the pressure inside the chamber would be: Pch=P1-P2 then Pch=ρ1gH+(ρ2-ρ3)gh. The equation above means that, the chamber pressure equals to the overburden pressure plus Archimedes pressure. 2: The word squeezing which is a vulgar word has an important physical meaning that is ((Pascal principle driving movement)).In another word, almost all movements, related to chambers, within the earth are a squeezing event which's, driving force is the steady constant pressure mentioned above. Any change in this pressure depends on the rupturing of the chamber and the behavior of the movement of the chamber matter. 3: If we provide a safety valve on piston of the Pascal's cylinder and increase the load we see the safety valve bursts and the matter inside the cylinder squeeze out .The pressure is from top to bottom but the movement is from bottom to top. The direction of force has changed 180

  7. Apple II PASCAL programs for molecular biologists.

    PubMed

    Malthiery, B; Bellon, B; Giorgi, D; Jacq, B

    1984-01-11

    A collection of PASCAL programs designed for the Apple II microcomputer is presented. These DNA sequence handling and analysis programs are interactive and may be used even by people with no computer experience. The package allows the user to enter a sequence from the keyboard, to modify it, to generate the reverse complement, to create new sequences from parts of other ones, to display or print sequences in various formats. Some analysis tasks are also performed: Translation, searches for restriction sites, for homology with subsequences, either perfect or with an adjustable match percentage. In addition, two programs are also included: The first one allows DNA data sequences generated with a BASIC program under the CP/M operating system to be used with these PASCAL programs. The second one is designed for the automatic assembly of DNA fragments sequences, obtained with the GILBERT-MAXAM or M13 techniques, into a complete sequence.

  8. What Would Pascal Think About Space Safety?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pfitzer, Tom

    2013-09-01

    Blaise Pascal was a true Renaissance man being well versed in science, physics, religion, philosophy, and especially mathematics. He had a knack for simplifying complex problems into mathematical formulae. He had well-formed opinions about the scientific issues of his day, in particular about risk. There is little doubt that were he alive today, he would have opinions useful to this society. This paper addresses what he thought then as a foundation for what he would have thought now.

  9. Tribonacci-like sequences and generalized Pascal's pyramids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anatriello, Giuseppina; Vincenzi, Giovanni

    2014-11-01

    A well-known result of Feinberg and Shannon states that the tribonacci sequence can be detected by the so-called Pascal's pyramid. Here we will show that any tribonacci-like sequence can be obtained by the diagonals of the Feinberg's triangle associated to a suitable generalized Pascal's pyramid. The results also extend similar properties of Fibonacci-like sequences.

  10. Developing Formulas by Skipping Rows in Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buonpastore, Robert J.; Osler, Thomas J.

    2007-01-01

    A table showing the first thirteen rows of Pascal's triangle, where the rows are, as usual numbered from 0 to 12 is presented. The entries in the table are called binomial coefficients. In this note, the authors systematically delete rows from Pascal's triangle and, by trial and error, try to find a formula that allows them to add new rows to the…

  11. What Do You Find? Students Investigating Patterns in Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obara, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, students used problem-solving skills to investigate what patterns exist in the Pascal triangle and incorporated technology using Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) in the process. Students came up with patterns such as natural numbers, triangular numbers, and Fibonacci numbers. Although the patterns inherent in Pascal's triangle may seem…

  12. What Do You Find? Students Investigating Patterns in Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obara, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, students used problem-solving skills to investigate what patterns exist in the Pascal triangle and incorporated technology using Geometer's Sketchpad (GSP) in the process. Students came up with patterns such as natural numbers, triangular numbers, and Fibonacci numbers. Although the patterns inherent in Pascal's triangle may seem…

  13. Developing Formulas by Skipping Rows in Pascal's Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buonpastore, Robert J.; Osler, Thomas J.

    2007-01-01

    A table showing the first thirteen rows of Pascal's triangle, where the rows are, as usual numbered from 0 to 12 is presented. The entries in the table are called binomial coefficients. In this note, the authors systematically delete rows from Pascal's triangle and, by trial and error, try to find a formula that allows them to add new rows to the…

  14. Tunneling for a novel Pascal heterostructure.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López-Cruz, E.; Cocoletzi, Gregorio H.

    1998-03-01

    The well known Pascal triangle is used to obtain a new numerical array and then semiconductor heterostructures(E. López-Cruz and G. H. Cocoletzi, Suplemento del Bol. Soc. Mex. Fis. 11-3), 7 (1997). are formed in order to investigate theoretically electronic tunneling phenomena. AlGaAs/GaAs materials are considered to write the hamiltonian of the electrons and solve the Schroedinger equation for the envelope function. Numerical calculations are performed on the transmission coefficient taking into account the structural parameters. Results show resonances as well as the presence of minibands and minigaps for high number of layers. It is explained how the tunneling structure behaves as the numerical array is changed.

  15. A Pascal-like triangle from finding power sums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zhibo

    2014-08-01

    A Pascal-like triangle is constructed so that power sums can be conveniently obtained by college (or high school) students with no need for memorizing complicated formulas or performing difficult calculations.

  16. Pascal laser versus conventional laser for treatment of diabetic retinopathy.

    PubMed

    Salman, Abdelrahman G

    2011-04-01

    To compare the safety and efficacy of Pascal laser photocoagulation in comparison with the conventional laser photocoagulation in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. A prospective randomized case series study was done on 120 procedures done in 120 patients divided into two main groups, group A, patients undergoing focal or modified grid macular laser and group B, patients undergoing panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). Each of the two groups were subdivided into two subgroups randomly in the first we used conventional laser photocoagulation (groups A1 and B1) and in the other we used Pascal laser photocoagulation (groups A2 and B2). Procedures in groups A1,2 and in groups B1,2 had successful outcomes. Significantly higher powers were required with the Pascal (groups A2 and B2) than with conventional laser (groups A1 and B1) (p < 0.001) in eyes that underwent PRP and focal/modified grid macular treatment with both systems. No adverse events were noted in all groups. The Pascal photocoagulator is safe, rapid, effective, with rapid learning and had short exposure time. Although the shorter pulse duration of the Pascal necessitates the use of a higher power, it is not associated with adverse effects.

  17. Pascal panretinal laser ablation and regression analysis in proliferative diabetic retinopathy: Manchester Pascal Study Report 4.

    PubMed

    Muqit, M M K; Marcellino, G R; Henson, D B; Young, L B; Turner, G S; Stanga, P E

    2011-11-01

    To quantify the 20-ms Pattern Scan Laser (Pascal) panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) ablation dosage required for regression of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and to explore factors related to long-term regression. We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients who participated in a randomised clinical trial, the Manchester Pascal Study. In all, 36 eyes of 22 patients were investigated over a follow-up period of 18 months. Primary outcome measures included visual acuity (VA) and complete PDR regression. Secondary outcomes included laser burn dosimetry, calculation of retinal PRP ablation areas, and effect of patient-related factors on disease regression. A PDR subgroup analysis was undertaken to assess all factors related to PDR regression according to disease severity. There were no significant changes in logMAR VA for any group over time. In total, 10 eyes (28%) regressed after a single PRP. Following top-up PRP treatment, regression rates varied according to severity: 75% for mild PDR (n=6), 67% for moderate PDR (n=14), and 43% in severe PDR (n=3). To achieve complete disease regression, mild PDR required a mean of 2187 PRP burns and 264 mm(2) ablation area, moderate PDR required 3998 PRP burns and area 456 mm(2), and severe PDR needed 6924 PRP laser burns (836 mm(2); P<0.05). Multiple 20-ms PRP treatments applied over time does not adversely affect visual outcomes, with favourable PDR regression rates and minimal laser burn expansion over 18 months. The average laser dosimetry and retinal ablation areas to achieve complete regression increased significantly with worsening PDR.

  18. The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, R. M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.

    2000-01-01

    The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least 1 Mars year if not longer. Pascal is a Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta II-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in

  19. The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, Robert M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.; hide

    2000-01-01

    The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least I Mars year if not longer. Pascal is Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta 11-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in between

  20. The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, R. M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.

    2000-01-01

    The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least 1 Mars year if not longer. Pascal is a Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta II-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in

  1. The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haberle, Robert M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.; DeVincenzi, Donald L. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least I Mars year if not longer. Pascal is Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta 11-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in between

  2. The Pascal Discovery Mission: A Mars Climate Network Mission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haberle, R. M.; Catling, D. C.; Chassefiere, E.; Forget, F.; Hourdin, F.; Leovy, C. B.; Magalhaes, J.; Mihalov, J.; Pommereau, J. P.; Murphy, J. R.

    2000-07-01

    The climate of Mars is a major focus of Mars exploration. With the loss of MCO, however, it remains uncertain how it will be achieved. We argue that a truly dedicated climate mission to Mars should have both orbital and landed components, and that these should operate simultaneously for at least 1 Mars year if not longer. Pascal is a Discovery mission that emphasizes the landed component. Its principal goal is to establish a network of 24 small weather stations on the surface of Mars that will operate for 2 Mars years, with an extended mission option for an additional 8 Mars years bringing the total mission lifetime up to 10 Mars years. The stations will collect hourly measurements of pressure, temperature, and optical depth. After delivering the probes to Mars, Pascal's carrier spacecraft will go into an elliptical orbit which will serve as a relay for the landers, and a platform for synoptic imaging. These simultaneous measurements from the surface and from orbit will allow us to characterize the planet's general circulation and its interaction with the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. During entry, descent, and landing, each of Pascal's 24 probes will also measure the temperature structure of the atmosphere and acquire images of the surface. These data will allow us to determine the global structure of the atmosphere between 15 and 130 km, and characterize the local terrain to help interpret the landed data. The descent images are part of Pascal's outreach program, as the probe camera system will be developed by faculty-supervised student project. The intent is to generate enthusiasm for the Pascal mission by directly involving students. Pascal will be launched on a Delta II-7925 in August of 2005. A type I trajectory will deliver Pascal to Mars in January of 2006. On approach, the three-axis stabilized carrier spacecraft will spring deploy the Pascal probes in 4 separate salvo's of 6 each. Global coverage is achieved with small time-of-arrival adjustments in

  3. 78 FR 4833 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... action that facilitates the acquisition or attempted acquisition by the Denied Person of the ownership... to acquire from or to facilitate the acquisition or attempted acquisition from the Denied Person of... Denied Person in the United States any item subject to the Regulations with knowledge or reason to know...

  4. Energy Distributions in Small Populations: Pascal versus Boltzmann

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kugel, Roger W.; Weiner, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    The theoretical distributions of a limited amount of energy among small numbers of particles with discrete, evenly-spaced quantum levels are examined systematically. The average populations of energy states reveal the pattern of Pascal's triangle. An exact formula for the probability that a particle will be in any given energy state is derived.…

  5. Pascal: The New Word in High School Computers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitter, Gary; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Argues that trends in upper elementary and higher education computer science programs should lead to programming as focus of high school computer curriculum, and reviews philosophies supporting teaching of programming. Advantages and disadvantages of using Pascal and other languages are discussed and compared. Teacher information sources on Pascal…

  6. Energy Distributions in Small Populations: Pascal versus Boltzmann

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kugel, Roger W.; Weiner, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    The theoretical distributions of a limited amount of energy among small numbers of particles with discrete, evenly-spaced quantum levels are examined systematically. The average populations of energy states reveal the pattern of Pascal's triangle. An exact formula for the probability that a particle will be in any given energy state is derived.…

  7. Turtlegraphics: A Comparison of Logo and Turbo Pascal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanLengen, Craig A.

    1989-01-01

    The integrated compiler of the Turbo Pascal environment allows the execution of a completed program independent of the developed environment and with greater execution speed, in comparison with LOGO. Conversion table of turtle-graphic commands for the two languages is presented. (Author/YP)

  8. Applications of Pascal's Triangle for Middle School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, William L.

    This unit is designed to acquaint middle school students with Pascal's Triangle. The unit is intended to be completed in small groups with a minimum of teacher direction. Students complete the activities by using manipulatives, calculators and computers and then report the results to the teacher and the class. The activities include: (1) patterns…

  9. 76 FR 79226 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Revised Denied Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Revised Denied Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011...

  10. 76 FR 79225 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Revised Denied Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Revised Denied Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011...

  11. 78 FR 4832 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... facilitates the acquisition or attempted acquisition by the Denied Person of the ownership, possession, or... to facilitate the acquisition or attempted acquisition from the Denied Person of any item subject to... the United States any item subject to the Regulations with knowledge or reason to know that the item...

  12. Pascal's Wager: from science to policy on early childhood development.

    PubMed

    Denburg, Avram E; Daneman, Denis

    2010-01-01

    Evidence suggests that our brains are shaped profoundly by experiences in early life, with long-lasting implications for development. This science has yet to make the leap to policy on early childhood development in Canada--a shortcoming that has left this country well behind other developed nations. The Pascal Report, released in June 2009, marks an historic opportunity to enact comprehensive early childhood education and care policy in Ontario. Properly implemented, it could serve as a model for such policy across the country. Its successful adoption will require sustained advocacy and ongoing research by the Canadian medical community.

  13. Characterization of linear recurrences associated to rays in Pascal's triangle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belbachir, Hacène; Komatsu, Takao; Szalay, László

    2010-07-01

    Our purpose is to describe the recurrence relations associated to the sum of diagonal elements laying along a finite ray crossing Pascal's triangle. We also answer Horadam's question posed in his paper entitled Chebyshev and Pell connections, Fibonacci Quart., (2005). Further, using Morgan-Voyce sequence, we establish the nice identity Fn+1-iFn = in∑k = 0n(2kn+k)(-2-i)k of Fibonacci numbers, where i = √-1 1. Finally, connections to continued fractions, bivariate polynomials and finite differences are given.

  14. The Pascal-Fermat Correspondence: How Mathematics Is Really Done

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devlin, Keith

    2010-01-01

    The mathematics that students see in their textbooks is highly polished. The steps required to solve a problem are all clearly laid out. Thus, students are denied what could be a valuable learning experience. Often when students meet a problem that differs only slightly from the ones in the book, they are unable to proceed and afraid to "play…

  15. The Pascal-Fermat Correspondence: How Mathematics Is Really Done

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devlin, Keith

    2010-01-01

    The mathematics that students see in their textbooks is highly polished. The steps required to solve a problem are all clearly laid out. Thus, students are denied what could be a valuable learning experience. Often when students meet a problem that differs only slightly from the ones in the book, they are unable to proceed and afraid to "play…

  16. [Comparison of dynamic contour tonometry (Pascal) with pneumotonometry and Goldmann tonometry].

    PubMed

    Heras-Mulero, H; Moreno-Montañés, J; Sádaba Echarri, L M; Mendiluce Martín, L

    2007-06-01

    To compare the intraocular pressure measurements as defined by the Pascal tonometer, the Goldmann tonometer and the pneumotonometer. This was an observational clinical study, which included two hundred and five randomly selected subjects recruited from the Ophthalmology Department. The intraocular pressure measurements were performed with each tonometry technique in a randomized order. The Pascal's intraocular pressure measurement was significantly higher than that measured by the other two tonometers (p<0.05). The quality data of Pascal was: optimum in 27.3% (56 of 205 patients), acceptable in 42% (86 of 205 patients) and unacceptable in 23.4% (48 of 205 patients). In 7.3% (15 of 205 patients) it was impossible to obtain any measurement using Pascal. A weak correlation coefficient between the Pascal and the Goldmann, and between Pascal and the pneumotonometer was found. The Bland-Altman method of measurement using these tonometers showed a high degree of discordance. As reported by others authors, the Pascal's intraocular pressure measurement is higher than that of the Goldmann tonometer. The measurement differs from 0.7 to 4.4 mmHg. In corneas with pathology, it is very difficult or even unacceptable to measure the intraocular pressure using the Pascal tonometer.

  17. PASCAL Data Base File Description and Indexing Rules in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaillardin, R.; And Others

    This report on the multidisciplinary PASCAL database describes the files and the indexing rules for chemistry, biology, and medicine. PASCAL deals with all aspects of chemistry within two subfiles whose combined yearly growth is about 100,000 references. The Biopascal file, organized in the two subfiles of Plant Science and Biology and Medicine,…

  18. Tribonacci-Like Sequences and Generalized Pascal's Pyramids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anatriello, Giuseppina; Vincenzi, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    A well-known result of Feinberg and Shannon states that the tribonacci sequence can be detected by the so-called "Pascal's pyramid." Here we will show that any tribonacci-like sequence can be obtained by the diagonals of the "Feinberg's triangle" associated to a suitable "generalized Pascal's pyramid."…

  19. Tribonacci-Like Sequences and Generalized Pascal's Pyramids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anatriello, Giuseppina; Vincenzi, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    A well-known result of Feinberg and Shannon states that the tribonacci sequence can be detected by the so-called "Pascal's pyramid." Here we will show that any tribonacci-like sequence can be obtained by the diagonals of the "Feinberg's triangle" associated to a suitable "generalized Pascal's pyramid."…

  20. PASCAL Data Base File Description and Indexing Rules in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaillardin, R.; And Others

    This report on the multidisciplinary PASCAL database describes the files and the indexing rules for chemistry, biology, and medicine. PASCAL deals with all aspects of chemistry within two subfiles whose combined yearly growth is about 100,000 references. The Biopascal file, organized in the two subfiles of Plant Science and Biology and Medicine,…

  1. Advanced Placement Computer Science (with Pascal). Teacher's Guide. Volume 1. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farkouh, Alice; And Others

    The purpose of this guide is to give teachers and supervisors a working knowledge of various approaches to enhancing pupil learning about computer science, particularly through the use of Pascal. It contains instructional units dealing with: (1) computer components; (2) computer languages; (3) compilers; (4) essential features of a Pascal program;…

  2. 5 CFR 1205.15 - Denying access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...), the Board may deny access to records that are of an investigatory nature and that are compiled for law... section will be made in writing and will notify the requester of the right to judicial review. ...

  3. Genetics Home Reference: Denys-Drash syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... a rare form of kidney cancer known as Wilms tumor . Affected individuals may develop multiple tumors in one ... normal WT1 protein increases the risk of developing Wilms tumor in affected individuals. Denys-Drash syndrome has features ...

  4. The language parallel Pascal and other aspects of the massively parallel processor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reeves, A. P.; Bruner, J. D.

    1982-01-01

    A high level language for the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP) was designed. This language, called Parallel Pascal, is described in detail. A description of the language design, a description of the intermediate language, Parallel P-Code, and details for the MPP implementation are included. Formal descriptions of Parallel Pascal and Parallel P-Code are given. A compiler was developed which converts programs in Parallel Pascal into the intermediate Parallel P-Code language. The code generator to complete the compiler for the MPP is being developed independently. A Parallel Pascal to Pascal translator was also developed. The architecture design for a VLSI version of the MPP was completed with a description of fault tolerant interconnection networks. The memory arrangement aspects of the MPP are discussed and a survey of other high level languages is given.

  5. 14 CFR 250.8 - Denied boarding compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Denied boarding compensation. 250.8 Section... PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS OVERSALES § 250.8 Denied boarding compensation. (a) Every carrier shall tender to a passenger eligible for denied boarding compensation, on the day and place the denied...

  6. 14 CFR 250.8 - Denied boarding compensation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Denied boarding compensation. 250.8 Section... PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS OVERSALES § 250.8 Denied boarding compensation. (a) Every carrier shall tender to a passenger eligible for denied boarding compensation, on the day and place the denied...

  7. A Pascal computer program for digitizing lateral cephalometric radiographs.

    PubMed

    Konchak, P A; Koehler, J A

    1985-03-01

    The authors describe a new program for cephalometric analysis which uses a commonly available microprocessor (computer) and digitizing pad to register fifteen commonly identified cephalometric landmarks to produce a meaningful analysis which is printed out for permanent or hard-copy record. Conventional and digitizing errors of cephalometric measurement are reviewed, with a discussion of the advantages of computer-assisted programs. The authors describe a program that uses vectors and vector algebra and the capabilities of the Pascal computer language to determine angular measurements and distances. It is suggested that computer-assisted cephalometric programs will likely be widely used in the near future, providing the orthodontist with a superior method of cephalometric analysis with respect to accuracy and speed of completion.

  8. Milliwatt radioisotope power supply for the PASCAL Mars surface stations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, Daniel T.; Murbach, Marcus S.

    2001-02-01

    A milliwatt power supply is being developed based on the 1 watt Light-Weight Radioisotope Heater Unit (RHU), which has already been used to provide heating alone on numerous spacecraft. In the past year the power supply has been integrated into the design of the proposed PASCAL Mars Network Mission, which is intended to place 24 surface climate monitoring stations on Mars. The PASCAL Mars mission calls for the individual surface stations to be transported together in one spacecraft on a trajectory direct from launch to orbit around Mars. From orbit around Mars each surface station will be deployed on a SCRAMP (slotted compression ramp) probe and, after aerodynamic and parachute deceleration, land at a preselected location on the planet. During descent sounding data and still images will be accumulated, and, once on the surface, the station will take measurements of pressure, temperature and overhead atmospheric optical depth for a period of 10 Mars years (18.8 Earth years). Power for periodic data acquisition and transmission to orbital then to Earth relay will come from a bank of ultracapacitors which will be continuously recharged by the radioisotope power supply. This electronic system has been designed and a breadboard built. In the ultimate design the electronics will be arrayed on the exterior surface of the radioisotope power supply in order to take advantage of the reject heat. This assembly in turn is packaged within the SCRAMP, and that assembly comprises the surface station. An electrically heated but otherwise prototypical power supply was operated in combination with the surface station breadboard system, which included the ultracapacitors. Other issues addressed in this work have been the capability of the generator to withstand the mechanical shock of the landing on Mars and the effectiveness of the generator's multi-foil vacuum thermal insulation. .

  9. Diaphragmatic hernia in Denys-Drash syndrome

    SciTech Connect

    Devriendt, K.; Deloof, E.; Moerman, P.

    1995-05-22

    We report on a newborn infant with male pseudohermaphroditism and glomerular lesions (Denys-Drash syndrome) but without Wilms tumor. A constitutional heterozygous mutation in the WT1 gene ({sup 366} Arg to His) was identified. In addition the child had a large diaphragmatic hernia, so far not described in Denys-Drash syndrome. The expression of the WT1 gene in pleural and abdominal mesothelium and the occurrence of diaphragmatic hernia in transgenic mice with a homozygous WT1 deletion strongly suggests that the diphragmatic hernia in this patient is part of the malformation pattern caused by WT1 mutations. 21 refs., 4 figs.

  10. Comparison of PASCAL and FORTRAN for solving problems in the physical sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watson, V. R.

    1981-01-01

    The paper compares PASCAL and FORTRAN for problem solving in the physical sciences, due to requests NASA has received to make PASCAL available on the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulator (scheduled to be operational in 1986). PASCAL disadvantages include the lack of scientific utility procedures equivalent to the IBM scientific subroutine package or the IMSL package which are available in FORTRAN. Advantages include a well-organized, easy to read and maintain writing code, range checking to prevent errors, and a broad selection of data types. It is concluded that FORTRAN may be the better language, although ADA (patterned after PASCAL) may surpass FORTRAN due to its ability to add complex and vector math, and the specify the precision and range of variables.

  11. Comparison of PASCAL and FORTRAN for solving problems in the physical sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watson, V. R.

    1981-01-01

    The paper compares PASCAL and FORTRAN for problem solving in the physical sciences, due to requests NASA has received to make PASCAL available on the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulator (scheduled to be operational in 1986). PASCAL disadvantages include the lack of scientific utility procedures equivalent to the IBM scientific subroutine package or the IMSL package which are available in FORTRAN. Advantages include a well-organized, easy to read and maintain writing code, range checking to prevent errors, and a broad selection of data types. It is concluded that FORTRAN may be the better language, although ADA (patterned after PASCAL) may surpass FORTRAN due to its ability to add complex and vector math, and the specify the precision and range of variables.

  12. 77 FR 34340 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Chitron Electronics... 750.8 of the Regulations states that the Bureau of Industry and Security's Office of Exporter Services may revoke any Bureau of Industry and Security (``BIS'') licenses previously issued in which the...

  13. 77 FR 34342 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Zhen Zhou Wu, a/k/a... that the Bureau of Industry and Security's Office of Exporter Services may revoke any Bureau of Industry and Security (``BIS'') licenses previously issued in which the person had an interest in at the...

  14. Geography in the Holocaust: Citizenship Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, David

    2004-01-01

    In this article David Lambert argues powerfully for teachers of the humanities to place citizenship at the centre of their work. He seeks to demonstrate that the division between subject-boundaries needs to be broken through if students are not to be denied what they are entitled to: an understanding of what it is to be human. Lambert argues that…

  15. 77 FR 72322 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Kue Sang Chun... convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778 (2000)) (``AECA''). Specifically, Chun was convicted of knowingly exporting and causing the export from the United States to...

  16. 78 FR 37518 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Lee Roy Perez, Inmate... convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778 (2006 & Supp. IV 2010)) (``AECA''). ] Specifically, Perez was convicted of knowingly and willfully exporting and causing to...

  17. 77 FR 60377 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Jirair Avanessian, a/k... be violated the United States trade restriction with Iran by exporting and attempting to export... Foreign Assets Control for such an export. Avanessian was also convicted of one count of conspiracy (18...

  18. 77 FR 60379 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Phillip Andro Jamison...'') was convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778 (2000)) (``AECA''). Specifically, Jamison was convicted of knowingly and willfully exporting from the United States to England...

  19. 77 FR 60378 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Anna Fermanova, 4708... York, Anna Fermanova (``Fermanova'') was convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control... willfully attempting to export from the United States to Russia night sighting equipment...

  20. 78 FR 37520 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Placido Molina, Jr... convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778 (2006 & Supp. IV 2010)) (``AECA''). Specifically, Molina was convicted of knowingly and willfully attempting to export and...

  1. 16 CFR 1702.18 - Denying petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Denying petitions. 1702.18 Section 1702.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION PROCEDURES...

  2. 16 CFR 1702.18 - Denying petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Denying petitions. 1702.18 Section 1702.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION PROCEDURES...

  3. 16 CFR 1702.18 - Denying petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Denying petitions. 1702.18 Section 1702.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION PROCEDURES...

  4. 16 CFR 1702.18 - Denying petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Denying petitions. 1702.18 Section 1702.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION PROCEDURES...

  5. 16 CFR 1702.18 - Denying petitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Denying petitions. 1702.18 Section 1702.18 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970 REGULATIONS PETITIONS FOR EXEMPTIONS FROM POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT REQUIREMENTS; PETITION PROCEDURES...

  6. 78 FR 37787 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Manuel Mario Pavon... Pavon (``Pavon'') was convicted of violating Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778... exporting and causing to be exported and attempting to export and attempting to cause to be exported from...

  7. 78 FR 58995 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Iman Kazerani, 153... was convicted of knowingly and willfully exporting and causing the exportation of laptop computers..., a $10,000 criminal fine and an assessment of $100. Section 766.25 of the Export Administration...

  8. 78 FR 37785 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Gerardo Domingo... Domingo Rodriguez-Rivera (``Rodriguez-Rivera'') was convicted of violating Section 38 of the ] Arms Export... convicted of knowingly and willfully exporting and causing to be exported and attempting to export and...

  9. 78 FR 61953 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-08

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Timothy Gormley, Inmate... engaging in transactions relating to exporting amplifiers to China and India without obtaining the required... assessment and a $1,000 criminal fine. Section 766.25 of the Export Administration Regulations (``EAR'' or...

  10. 20 CFR 655.164 - Denied certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process for Temporary Agricultural Employment in the United States (H-2A Workers) Labor Certification Determinations § 655.164 Denied certification. If...

  11. [Comparison of outcomes of conventional laser versus pascal laser for diabetic retinopathy].

    PubMed

    Yamakawa, Megumi; Nozaki, Miho; Sato, Rina; Morita, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Munenori; Ogura, Yuichiro

    2014-04-01

    To assess the efficacy and outcomes of PASCAL laser versus conventional laser for panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. A retrospective chart review of 26 eyes at Nagoya City University Hospital which had undergone PRP with a follow-up of at least 6 months. The study endpoints were change in visual outcome, central retinal thickness (CRT), laser setting parameters, and total number of PRP and complications. Ten eyes of conventional laser-treated patients and 16 eyes of PASCAL-treated patients were reviewed. There were significant differences in the laser treating parameters between the PASCAL laser treatment and conventional laser treatment in power, duration, number of sessions and total spot counts including additional treatments (p < 0.01). Among the patients who had undergone PRP in the PASCAL group there was an average of 4195 spots, larger than the conventional laser group (p < 0.0001). There were no significant differences between PASCAL group and conventional laser group in complications and in ability to prevent visual loss and CRT. Our data suggested that PASCAL laser might need tighter spacing and more total spot counts to achieve an effect equal to traditional conventional laser treatment.

  12. 47 CFR 1.939 - Petitions to deny.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petitions to deny. 1.939 Section 1.939... Applications and Proceedings Application Requirements and Procedures § 1.939 Petitions to deny. (a) Who may file. Any party in interest may file with the Commission a petition to deny any application listed in a...

  13. PAS-cal: a Generic Recombinant Peptide Calibration Standard for Mass Spectrometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breibeck, Joscha; Serafin, Adam; Reichert, Andreas; Maier, Stefan; Küster, Bernhard; Skerra, Arne

    2014-08-01

    We describe the design, preparation, and mass-spectrometric characterization of a new recombinant peptide calibration standard with uniform biophysical and ionization characteristics for mass spectrometry. "PAS-cal" is an artificial polypeptide concatamer of peptide cassettes with varying lengths, each composed of the three small, chemically stable amino acids Pro, Ala, and Ser, which are interspersed by Arg residues to allow site-specific cleavage with trypsin. PAS-cal is expressed at high yields in Escherichia coli as a Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifier (SUMO) fusion protein, which is easily purified and allows isolation of the PAS-cal moiety after SUMO protease cleavage. Upon subsequent in situ treatment with trypsin, the PAS-cal polypeptide yields a set of four defined homogeneous peptides in the range from 2 to 8 kDa with equal mass spacing. ESI-MS analysis revealed a conveniently interpretable raw spectrum, which after deconvolution resulted in a very simple pattern of four peaks with similar ionization signals. MALDI-MS analysis of a PAS-cal peptide mixture comprising both the intact polypeptide and its tryptic fragments revealed not only the four standard peptides but also the singly and doubly charged states of the intact concatamer as well as di- and trimeric adduct ion species between the peptides, thus augmenting the observable m/z range. The advantageous properties of PAS-cal are most likely a result of the strongly hydrophilic and conformationally disordered PEG-like properties of the PAS sequences. Therefore, PAS-cal offers an inexpensive and versatile recombinant peptide calibration standard for mass spectrometry in protein/peptide bioanalytics and proteomics research, the composition of which may be further adapted to fit individual needs.

  14. Comparison of the utility of Pascal dynamic contour tonometry with Goldmann applanation tonometry in routine clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Matthew Frederick; Agius-Fernandez, Adriana; Kaye, Stephen B

    2013-01-01

    To compare the utility of Pascal dynamic contour tonometry with Goldmann applanation tonometry in routine practice In a prospective study, 10 clinicians recruited 97 patients attending outpatient ophthalmology appointments. Intraocular pressure was measured with both Pascal and Goldmann tonometry in a randomized order. The time taken with each instrument, the number of measurements required to obtain a satisfactory Pascal reading (Q1 to Q3) and the quality value of this reading were recorded. Both the difficulty experienced by the clinician and patient experience for each instrument were assessed. Satisfactory Pascal measurements were obtained for 181 of 194 eyes (93%). For these eyes there was no significant difference in mean measured intraocular pressure between Pascal (15.95±3.20) and Goldmann (16.37±3.51) (mean difference 0.43 mm Hg, P=0.26) tonometry. The median number of attempts required to obtain a satisfactory Pascal measurement was 2 (range, 1 to 10). The time taken to obtain bilateral satisfactory Pascal readings was 2.76±1.53 minutes (range, 0.5 to 7 min), compared with 0.82±0.43 minutes (range, 0.5 to 3 min) for Goldmann tonometry (P<0.001). For these patients, clinicians scored the difficulty of tonometry as 3.24±1.97 for Pascal (1=very easy, 10=very difficult) and 1.28±0.85 for Goldmann (P<0.0001). The mean score (1=no discomfort, 10=extremely unpleasant) given by patients was 1.31±0.64 for Goldmann and 2.11±1.83 for Pascal tonometry (P<0.0001). Clinicians found Pascal tonometry significantly more time consuming and difficult than Goldmann tonometry in routine practice. Most eyes required repeated Pascal measurements, and for some an acceptable result was not obtained. Both types of tonometry were well tolerated by patients.

  15. French psychiatry and the new woman: the case of Dr Constance Pascal, 1877-1937.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Felicia

    2006-06-01

    This article traces the connections between the public career and private life of Constance Pascal (1877-1937), the first woman psychiatrist in France, in the social context of the Belle Epoque. Pascal, of Romanian origin, attained professional success at the cost of suppressing her personal life. Best known for her work on dementia praecox, she researched the social as well as the biological causes of mental illness. She founded one of the first 'medical-pedagogic' institutes in France. Her monograph, Chagrins d'amour et psychoses (1935) reflects her wide cultural interests. Until recently, Pascal has been neglected by historians of psychiatry and of French women's history. Her life exemplified many of the conflicts experienced by women entering hitherto all-male professions.

  16. Implementing the UCSD PASCAL system on the MODCOMP computer. [deep space network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfe, T.

    1980-01-01

    The implementation of an interactive software development system (UCSD PASCAL) on the MODCOMP computer is discussed. The development of an interpreter for the MODCOMP II and the MODCOMP IV computers, written in MODCOMP II assembly language, is described. The complete Pascal programming system was run successfully on a MODCOMP II and MODCOMP IV under both the MAX II/III and MAX IV operating systems. The source code for an 8080 microcomputer version of the interpreter was used as the design for the MODCOMP interpreter. A mapping of the functions within the 8080 interpreter into MODCOMP II assembly language was the method used to code the interpreter.

  17. Constance Pascal's Chagrins d'amour et psychoses (1935): a French psychiatrist's views on psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Felicia

    2015-03-01

    In 1935 Constance Pascal (1877-1937), France's first woman psychiatrist, published Chagrins d'amour et psychoses (The Sorrows of Love and Psychosis). My analysis of her monograph will consider: her major article leading up to Chagrins; Pascal's debts to her predecessors, particularly Morel and Kretschmer; her relationship to the French psychoanalytic movement; her co-option of psychoanalysis as a tool in her own therapeutic work with patients in the state psychiatric system; and her social/cultural interpretations of her woman patients. The literary and philosophic aspects of her work are emphasized as well as her contribution to French psychiatry. © The Author(s) 2014.

  18. The influence of Hausdorff dimension on plasmonic antennas with Pascal's triangle geometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sederberg, S.; Elezzabi, A. Y.

    2011-06-01

    We introduce fractal geometry to the common bowtie antenna and investigate the influence of a key fractal parameter, Hausdorff dimension, on the broadband spectral response of the antenna. Length scaling trends are presented for antennas having various Hausdorff dimensions. We show that antennas with Pascal's triangle geometry accommodate resonances that are red-shifted when compared to a standard bowtie antenna having the same size. Furthermore, increasing the Hausdorff dimension of the antenna blue shifts its resonance. By designing nanoplasmonic antennas with Pascal's triangle geometry, the resonance conditions may be varied while the antenna dimensions are kept constant.

  19. 14 CFR 250.5 - Amount of denied boarding compensation for passengers denied boarding involuntarily.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... or reduced rate air transportation in lieu of the cash due under paragraph (a) of this section, if (1) the value of the transportation benefit offered is equal to or greater than the cash payment otherwise... passengers denied boarding involuntarily from an oversold flight at the rate of 200 percent of the...

  20. 14 CFR 250.5 - Amount of denied boarding compensation for passengers denied boarding involuntarily.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Department will use the following formula: (1) Current Denied Boarding Compensation limit in section 250.5(a... follows: (1) No compensation is required if the carrier offers alternate transportation that, at the time... shall be 400% of the fare to the passenger's destination or first stopover, with a maximum of $1,300, if...

  1. 14 CFR 250.5 - Amount of denied boarding compensation for passengers denied boarding involuntarily.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Department will use the following formula: (1) Current Denied Boarding Compensation limit in section 250.5(a... follows: (1) No compensation is required if the carrier offers alternate transportation that, at the time... shall be 400% of the fare to the passenger's destination or first stopover, with a maximum of $1,300, if...

  2. 14 CFR 250.5 - Amount of denied boarding compensation for passengers denied boarding involuntarily.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Department will use the following formula: (1) Current Denied Boarding Compensation limit in section 250.5(a... follows: (1) No compensation is required if the carrier offers alternate transportation that, at the time... shall be 400% of the fare to the passenger's destination or first stopover, with a maximum of $1,300, if...

  3. Comparisons between Pascal dynamic contour tonometry, the TonoPen, and Goldmann applanation tonometry in patients with glaucoma.

    PubMed

    Salvetat, Maria L; Zeppieri, Marco; Tosoni, Claudia; Brusini, Paolo

    2007-05-01

    To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements taken with Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (DCT), the TonoPen and the Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). The influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) on IOP measurements taken with Pascal DCT and the TonoPen was evaluated. One eye in each of 101 consecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) underwent ultrasonic CCT measurement and IOP evaluation with GAT, Pascal DCT and the TonoPen in random order. The agreement between results from Pascal DCT and the TonoPen and those of GAT was assessed using the Bland-Altman method. The deviation of Pascal DCT and TonoPen readings from GAT values, corrected for CCT, was calculated and correlated to CCT using a linear regression model. The mean of the differences in IOP measurements was 3.2 +/- 2.4 mmHg for Pascal DCT minus GAT readings and 0.5 +/- 4.5 mmHg for TonoPen minus GAT readings. The 95% confidence interval of differences in IOP measurements was higher between TonoPen and GAT readings (- 6 to 7 mmHg) than between Pascal and GAT readings (0.1-6.8 mmHg). Pascal DCT significantly overestimated IOP compared with GAT, especially for higher IOP readings. Bland-Altman scatterplots showed reasonable inter-method agreement between Pascal DCT and GAT measurements, and poor agreement between TonoPen and GAT measurements. The deviations of Pascal DCT and TonoPen readings from the corrected GAT values were both highly correlated with CCT values (linear regression analysis, p < 0.0001). The mean change in measured IOP for a 10-microm increase in CCT was 0.48 mmHg for Pascal DCT and 0.74 mmHg for the TonoPen. Agreement with GAT measurements was higher for Pascal DCT than for TonoPen readings; however, Pascal DCT significantly overestimated IOP values compared with GAT. Measurements of IOP obtained with both Pascal DCT and the TonoPen appeared to be influenced by CCT, and this influence appeared to be greater for the latter.

  4. Denis Burkitt: A legacy of global health.

    PubMed

    Esau, Daniel

    2016-09-28

    When first described in 1958, Burkitt lymphoma was considered by many to be an African curiosity. However, over the next few decades, over 10,000 publications on Burkitt lymphoma would influence many facets of oncology research including immunology, molecular genetics, chemotherapy, and viral oncology. At the time of discovery, its distribution in equatorial Africa was unique; it was where a child was born and lived, and not what race they were, that conveyed the greatest incidence risk. Its association with Epstein-Barr virus brought attention to the possibility that oncogenesis may be influenced by viruses. The influence that Burkitt lymphoma had on furthering oncology is far-reaching, and it is fitting that the physician credited with bringing attention to this disease was himself broad in his influence. Denis Burkitt was a humanitarian surgeon whose work was not limited to Burkitt lymphoma: he instigated a plan to rid an entire Ugandan district of yaws, he designed and created affordable orthopaedic equipment that could be locally produced in Kampala, and he was an early advocate of a high fiber diet. The following article will examine the biography of Denis Burkitt, with a focus on how he was able to further oncology and global health. © The Author(s) 2016.

  5. Some Half-Row Sums from Pascal's Triangle via Laplace Transforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dence, Thomas P.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents some identities on the sum of the entries in the first half of a row in Pascal's triangle. The results were discovered while the author was working on a problem involving Laplace transforms, which are used in proving of the identities.

  6. Operation of the HP2250 with the HP9000 series 200 using PASCAL 3.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perry, John; Stroud, C. W.

    1986-01-01

    A computer program has been written to provide an interface between the HP Series 200 desktop computers, operating under HP Standard Pascal 3.0, and the HP2250 Data Acquisition and Control System. Pascal 3.0 for the HP9000 desktop computer gives a number of procedures for handling bus communication at various levels. It is necessary, however, to reach the lowest possible level in Pascal to handle the bus protocols required by the HP2250. This makes programming extremely complex since these protocols are not documented. The program described solves those problems and allows the user to immediately program, simply and efficiently, any measurement and control language (MCL/50) application with a few procedure calls. The complete set of procedures is available on a 5 1/4 inch diskette from Cosmic. Included in this group of procedures is an Exerciser which allows the user to exercise his HP2250 interactively. The exerciser operates in a fashion similar to the Series 200 operating system programs, but is adapted to the requirements of the HP2250. The programs on the diskette and the user's manual assume the user is acquainted with both the MCL/50 programming language and HP Standard Pascal 3.0 for the HP series 200 desktop computers.

  7. Some Half-Row Sums from Pascal's Triangle via Laplace Transforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dence, Thomas P.

    2007-01-01

    This article presents some identities on the sum of the entries in the first half of a row in Pascal's triangle. The results were discovered while the author was working on a problem involving Laplace transforms, which are used in proving of the identities.

  8. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The DENIS database (DENIS Consortium, 2003)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DENIS Consortium

    2003-04-01

    This catalogue is an intermediate release of the DENIS project. It consists of a set of 195204157 point sources detected by the DENIS survey in 2239 strips (covering each 30 degrees in declination and 12 arcmin in right ascension). The data in this release cover approximately 11000 square degrees of the Southern sky. Multiple detections of single point sources have been merged in image overlaps within individual strips, but sources can have multiple detections in overlapping strips. The complete set of data collected by DENIS in the period 1996-2001 will be released towards the end of 2003. DENIS is the only astronomical survey of the Southern sky made in two near-infrared bands (J at 1.25μm, and Ks at 2.15μm) and one optical band (Gunn-i at 0.82μm), with limiting magnitudes 14.0, 16.5 and 18.5, respectively. It was conducted by a European consortium, using the 1m telescope at ESO, La Silla (Chile). The DENIS instrument is made up of a 3-channel camera built of commercially available detector arrays by the Observatoire de Paris and with major contributions from other European Institutes, notably: the IAS in Frascati, the Observatoire de Grenoble, the University of Innsbruck, the Observatoire de Lyon, and the IAC in Tenerife. The survey is carried out by observing strips of 30° in declination and 12arcminutes in Right Ascension with an overlap of 2arcminutes between consecutive strips. The survey started at the end of 1995 and has been completed up to 97% in 2001. The data have been reduced at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris and Observatoire de Paris. The position of a general extracted point source is provided with an accuracy better than 1arcsec and its magnitude to better than 0.1mag. The Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) is releasing the final databases and provides access of the processed and calibrated data to the worldwide community. The principal investigator of the DENIS project is N. Epchtein (Observatoire de la Cote d

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The DENIS database, 2nd Release (DENIS Consortium, 2003)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DENIS Consortium

    2003-04-01

    This catalogue is an intermediate release of the DENIS project. It consists of a set of 195204157 point sources detected by the DENIS survey in 2239 strips (covering each 30 degrees in declination and 12 arcmin in right ascension). The data in this release cover approximately 11000 square degrees of the Southern sky. Multiple detections of single point sources have been merged in image overlaps within individual strips, but sources can have multiple detections in overlapping strips. The complete set of data collected by DENIS in the period 1996-2001 will be released towards the end of 2003. DENIS is the only astronomical survey of the Southern sky made in two near-infrared bands (J at 1.25{mu}m, and Ks at 2.15{mu}m) and one optical band (Gunn-i at 0.82{mu}m), with limiting magnitudes 14.0, 16.5 and 18.5, respectively. It was conducted by a European consortium, using the 1m telescope at ESO, La Silla (Chile). The DENIS instrument is made up of a 3-channel camera built of commercially available detector arrays by the Observatoire de Paris and with major contributions from other European Institutes, notably: the IAS in Frascati, the Observatoire de Grenoble, the University of Innsbruck, the Observatoire de Lyon, and the IAC in Tenerife. The survey is carried out by observing strips of 30{deg} in declination and 12arcminutes in Right Ascension with an overlap of 2arcminutes between consecutive strips. The survey started at the end of 1995 and has been completed up to 97% in 2001. The data have been reduced at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris and Observatoire de Paris. The position of a general extracted point source is provided with an accuracy better than 1arcsec and its magnitude to better than 0.1mag. The Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) is releasing the final databases and provides access of the processed and calibrated data to the worldwide community. The principal investigator of the DENIS project is N. Epchtein (Observatoire de la Cote d

  10. Ocular pulse amplitude measurement using pascal dynamic contour tonometer in glaucoma patients.

    PubMed

    Katsimpris, J M; Theoulakis, P E; Papadopoulos, G E; Katsimpris, A; Lepidas, J; Petropoulos, I K

    2014-04-01

    This study aims to measure and compare the ocular pulse amplitude using Pascal dynamic contour tonometry in normal persons and in glaucoma patients. 20 patients (40 eyes) with primary open angle glaucoma (Group A), 8 patients (16 eyes) with normal tension glaucoma (Group B), and 12 patients (24 eyes) with ocular hypertension (Group C) were included in the study. Control group (Group D) comprised 25 normal volunteers (50 eyes). Intraocular pressure was measured using both Goldmann applanation tonometry in the slit-lamp and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry. Ocular pulse amplitude was evaluated with Pascal dynamic contour tonometry. Statistical evaluation of the differences in ocular pulse amplitude and intraocular pressure among the different groups was performed using Student's t-test. Mean ocular pulse amplitude values expressed in mmHg were 3.66 ± 1.00, 2.46 ± 0.60, 4.04 ± 1.47, and 2.52 ± 0.52, for Groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. The ocular pulse amplitude was significantly higher in Group A (primary open angle glaucoma) and Group C (ocular hypertension) when compared with Group D (control group) and Group B (normal tension glaucoma). No statistically significant difference was detected between Group D (control group) and Group B (normal tension glaucoma). Although we can measure the intraocular pressure with Goldmann applanation tonometry, no information can be derived regarding the ocular pulse amplitude. The use of Pascal dynamic contour tonometry in intraocular pressure estimation provides useful clinical information also about the magnitude of the ocular pulse amplitude in different types of glaucoma. Pascal dynamic contour tonometry discloses an elevation of ocular pulse amplitude in primary open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension patients. On the contrary, the ocular pulse amplitude is within normal limits in normal tension glaucoma patients. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. 21 CFR 890.3675 - Denis Brown splint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Denis Brown splint. 890.3675 Section 890.3675 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3675 Denis Brown splint....

  12. 21 CFR 890.3675 - Denis Brown splint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Denis Brown splint. 890.3675 Section 890.3675 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3675 Denis Brown splint....

  13. 14 CFR 91.1014 - Issuing or denying management specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1014 Issuing or denying management specifications. (a) A person applying to the Administrator for management specifications under this subpart must submit an application... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuing or denying...

  14. Comparison of Imputation Procedures for Replacing Denied-access Plots

    Treesearch

    Susan L. King

    2005-01-01

    In forest inventories, missing plots are caused by hazardous terrain, inaccessible locations, or denied access. Maryland had a large number of denied-access plots in the latest periodic inventory conducted by the Northeastern Forest Inventory and Analysis unit. The denial pattern, which can introduce error into the estimates, was investigated by dropping the 1999...

  15. 42 CFR 403.316 - Reconsideration of certain denied applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Control Systems § 403.316 Reconsideration of certain denied applications. (a) Request for reconsideration. If CMS denies an application for a State system, the State may request that CMS reconsider the denial if the State believes that its system meets all of the requirements for mandatory approval under...

  16. 21 CFR 890.3675 - Denis Brown splint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Denis Brown splint. 890.3675 Section 890.3675 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3675 Denis Brown splint....

  17. 21 CFR 890.3675 - Denis Brown splint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Denis Brown splint. 890.3675 Section 890.3675 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3675 Denis Brown splint....

  18. 21 CFR 890.3675 - Denis Brown splint.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Denis Brown splint. 890.3675 Section 890.3675 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3675 Denis Brown splint....

  19. 22 CFR 12.2 - Claimants denied access to employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Claimants denied access to employees. 12.2 Section 12.2 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL COMPLAINTS AGAINST EMPLOYEES BY ALLEGED CREDITORS § 12.2 Claimants denied access to employees. Persons claiming to be creditors or collectors of...

  20. 22 CFR 12.2 - Claimants denied access to employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Claimants denied access to employees. 12.2 Section 12.2 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL COMPLAINTS AGAINST EMPLOYEES BY ALLEGED CREDITORS § 12.2 Claimants denied access to employees. Persons claiming to be creditors or collectors of...

  1. 47 CFR 1.584 - Petitions to deny.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petitions to deny. 1.584 Section 1.584 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Broadcast Applications and Proceedings General Filing Requirements § 1.584 Petitions to deny. See § 73.3584. ...

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The DENIS database (DENIS Consortium, 2005)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DENIS Consortium

    2005-09-01

    This catalogue is the latest incremental release of the DENIS project. It consists of a set of 355,220,325 point sources detected by the DENIS survey in 3662 strips (covering each 30 degrees in declination and 12 arcmin in right ascension). The data in this release cover approximately 16700 square degrees of the Southern sky. Multiple detections of single point sources have been merged in image overlaps within individual strips, but sources can have multiple detections in overlaping strips. DENIS is the only astronomical survey of the Southern sky made in two near-infrared bands (J at 1.25{mu}m, and Ks at 2.15{mu}m) and one optical band (Gunn-i at 0.82{mu}m), with limiting magnitudes 16.5, 14 and 18.5, respectively. Saturation magnitudes are Ks=6, J=7.5 and Gunn-i=9.8mag. It was conducted by a European consortium, using the 1m telescope at ESO, La Silla (Chile). The DENIS instrument is made up of a 3-channel camera built of commercially available detector arrays by the Observatoire de Paris and with major contributions from other European Institutes, notably: the IAS in Frascati, the Observatoire de Grenoble, the University of Innsbruck, the Observatoire de Lyon, and the IAC in Tenerife. The survey is carried out by observing strips of 30{deg} in declination and 12arcminutes in Right Ascension with an overlap of 2 arcminutes between consecutive strips. The survey started at the end of 1995 and has been completed up to 97% in 2001. The data have been reduced at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris and Observatoire de Paris. The position of a general extracted point source is provided with an accuracy better than 1arcsec and its magnitude to better than 0.1 mag. The Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) is releasing the final databases and provides access of the processed and calibrated data to the worldwide community. The principal investigator of the DENIS project is N. Epchtein (Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur); the Co-PI in charge of data processing

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The DENIS database (DENIS Consortium, 2005)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DENIS Consortium

    2005-09-01

    This catalogue is the latest incremental release of the DENIS project. It consists of a set of 355,220,325 point sources detected by the DENIS survey in 3662 strips (covering each 30 degrees in declination and 12 arcmin in right ascension). The data in this release cover approximately 16700 square degrees of the Southern sky. Multiple detections of single point sources have been merged in image overlaps within individual strips, but sources can have multiple detections in overlaping strips. DENIS is the only astronomical survey of the Southern sky made in two near-infrared bands (J at 1.25μm, and Ks at 2.15μm) and one optical band (Gunn-i at 0.82μm), with limiting magnitudes 16.5, 14 and 18.5, respectively. Saturation magnitudes are Ks=6, J=7.5 and Gunn-i=9.8mag. It was conducted by a European consortium, using the 1m telescope at ESO, La Silla (Chile). The DENIS instrument is made up of a 3-channel camera built of commercially available detector arrays by the Observatoire de Paris and with major contributions from other European Institutes, notably: the IAS in Frascati, the Observatoire de Grenoble, the University of Innsbruck, the Observatoire de Lyon, and the IAC in Tenerife. The survey is carried out by observing strips of 30° in declination and 12arcminutes in Right Ascension with an overlap of 2 arcminutes between consecutive strips. The survey started at the end of 1995 and has been completed up to 97% in 2001. The data have been reduced at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris and Observatoire de Paris. The position of a general extracted point source is provided with an accuracy better than 1arcsec and its magnitude to better than 0.1 mag. The Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) is releasing the final databases and provides access of the processed and calibrated data to the worldwide community. The principal investigator of the DENIS project is N. Epchtein (Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur); the Co-PI in charge of data processing is G

  4. Denis Browne: maverick or master surgeon?

    PubMed

    Smith, D E

    2000-11-01

    The current generation of surgeons may remember Denis Browne only as an inventor of surgical instruments which few people use, an innovator of procedures condemned as inadequate, and a personality bristling with controversy: a maverick indeed. And yet this assessment belies his influence as the founder of modern paediatric surgery in the development of British surgery. Further, his innovative operations in a range of paediatric lesions were revolutionary in the context of the time. Browne was born in 1892 and educated in Australia, although his whole surgical career was in England. He had a remarkable family background; unique Australian experiences in childhood, when he commenced to display independence and individuality of spirit, through University, where he gained 'Blues' in tennis and shooting, to war, where he served in Gallipoli and France; and to controversies that surrounded him in his battle to establish paediatric surgery as a legitimate surgical discipline. He certainly had a prickly personality and a particular venom reserved for orthopaedic surgeons and anatomists, but his achievements may have been possible only by one possessed of such a strong and towering character.

  5. The Pascal Triangle of a Discrete Image: Definition, Properties and Application to Shape Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boutin, Mireille; Huang, Shanshan

    2013-04-01

    We define the Pascal triangle of a discrete (gray scale) image as a pyramidal arrangement of complex-valued moments and we explore its geometric significance. In particular, we show that the entries of row k of this triangle correspond to the Fourier series coefficients of the moment of order k of the Radon transform of the image. Group actions on the plane can be naturally prolonged onto the entries of the Pascal triangle. We study the prolongation of some common group actions, such as rotations and reflections, and we propose simple tests for detecting equivalences and self-equivalences under these group actions. The motivating application of this work is the problem of characterizing the geometry of objects on images, for example by detecting approximate symmetries.

  6. A multiple-scale Pascal polynomial for 2D Stokes and inverse Cauchy-Stokes problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Chein-Shan; Young, D. L.

    2016-05-01

    The polynomial expansion method is a useful tool for solving both the direct and inverse Stokes problems, which together with the pointwise collocation technique is easy to derive the algebraic equations for satisfying the Stokes differential equations and the specified boundary conditions. In this paper we propose two novel numerical algorithms, based on a third-first order system and a third-third order system, to solve the direct and the inverse Cauchy problems in Stokes flows by developing a multiple-scale Pascal polynomial method, of which the scales are determined a priori by the collocation points. To assess the performance through numerical experiments, we find that the multiple-scale Pascal polynomial expansion method (MSPEM) is accurate and stable against large noise.

  7. Pascal (Yang Hui) triangles and power laws in the logistic map

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velarde, Carlos; Robledo, Alberto

    2015-04-01

    We point out the joint occurrence of Pascal triangle patterns and power-law scaling in the standard logistic map, or more generally, in unimodal maps. It is known that these features are present in its two types of bifurcation cascades: period and chaotic-band doubling of attractors. Approximate Pascal triangles are exhibited by the sets of lengths of supercycle diameters and by the sets of widths of opening bands. Additionally, power-law scaling manifests along periodic attractor supercycle positions and chaotic band splitting points. Consequently, the attractor at the mutual accumulation point of the doubling cascades, the onset of chaos, displays both Gaussian and power-law distributions. Their combined existence implies both ordinary and exceptional statistical-mechanical descriptions of dynamical properties.

  8. Pascal's wager: combining continuous glucose monitoring and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.

    PubMed

    Kerr, David; Olateju, Tolu

    2010-06-01

    Pascal's Wager is a suggestion posed by the French Philosopher, Blaise Pascal, that even though the existence of God cannot be determined through reason, a person should wager that God exists because he or she has everything to gain and nothing to lose. In the area of consideration here, the optimum experimental trial of the combined use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion and real-time continuous glucose monitoring in free-living individuals with type 1 diabetes providing rock-solid evidence of clinical benefit has not been performed. Nevertheless, there is considerable enthusiasm for combining the technologies among healthcare professionals, patients, and manufacturers based on the belief that this approach to diabetes care must be beneficial beyond the available evidence (i.e., reason).

  9. Comparison of laser iridotomy using short duration 532-nm Nd: YAG laser (PASCAL) vs conventional laser in dark irides.

    PubMed

    Chung, Hye Jin; Park, Hae-Young; Kim, Su-Young

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the outcome of laser iridotomy using 532-nm Nd: YAG laser (PASCAL) with short pulse duration and Nd: YAG laser compared to conventional combined laser iridotomy. Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative case series. Forty-five eyes of 34 patients underwent laser iridotomy. Twenty-two eyes underwent iridotomy using short duration PASCAL and Nd: YAG laser, and 23 eyes underwent iridotomy using conventional combined laser method. The average settings of PASCAL were 60 µm and 700-900 mW with a short duration of 0.01s to reduce the total applied energy. The conventional laser was 50 µm and 700-900 mW for 0.1s. After photocoagulation with these laser, the Nd: YAG laser was added in each group. Endothelial cell counts of pre-iridotomy and 2mo after iridotomy were measured and compared. All eyes completed iridotomy successfully. The total energy used in the PASCAL group was 1.85±1.17 J. Compared to conventional laser 13.25±1.67 J, the energy used was very small due to the short exposure time of PASCAL. Endothelial cell counts were reduced by 0.88% in the PASCAL group and 6.72% in the conventional laser group (P=0.044). The change in corneal endothelial cell counts before and after iridotomy was significant in conventional combined laser iridotomy group (P=0.004). Combined PASCAL and Nd:YAG laser iridotomy is an effective and safe technique in the dark brown irides of Asians. Furthermore, the short duration of exposure in PASCAL offers the advantages of reducing the total energy used and minimizing the corneal damage.

  10. 'Robert Schumann's mental illnesses. (Genius and madness)', by Mlle Dr Pascal (1908a): Introduction and translation by Felicia Gordon.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Felicia

    2015-09-01

    Dr Constance Pascal's study of Robert Schumann's mental illnesses, dating from the early years of the twentieth century, reflects contemporary theories on the relations between gifted individuals and mental illness: the genius vs. madness debate. Pascal's reading of Schumann's musical career, in conjunction with his mental profile, offers a sympathetic and nuanced overview of the composer and a critical perspective on extant theories of his illness.

  11. Study of clinical applications and safety for Pascal® laser photocoagulation in retinal vascular disorders.

    PubMed

    Muqit, Mahiul M K; Sanghvi, Chintan; McLauchlan, Rita; Delgado, Christine; Young, Lorna B; Charles, Stephen J; Marcellino, George R; Stanga, Paulo E

    2012-03-01

    To establish safe laser parameter standards for 10-30 ms Pascal(®) laser in clinical practice and to evaluate clinical and visual outcomes using this 532-nm multi-spot photocoagulation system. Retrospective observational case series of 313 patients treated between 2006 and 2008. Evaluation of eight groups: A - panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR); B - focal laser treatment for clinically significant diabetic macular oedema; C - grid laser for diffuse diabetic macular oedema; D - sector PRP for ischaemic branch retinal vein occlusions (I-BRVO); E - full PRP for ischaemic central retinal vein occlusions (I-CRVO); F - macular laser treatment for macular oedema secondary to non-ischaemic BRVO; G - full PRP for rubeosis iridis and/or neovascular glaucoma (NVG) secondary to I-BRVO, I - CRVO or PDR; H - laser retinopexy for retinal breaks/degenerations. Mean LogMAR visual acuity for all procedures improved postlaser (p = 0.065), and laser prevented visual loss in 85% eyes. Topical anaesthesia was only required. At mean follow-up of 5 months, 72% procedures had a successful clinical outcome. Significantly higher powers were required for PRP using Pascal(®) compared to conventional laser (p = 0.001) in PDR, I-BRVO, I-CRVO and NVG. Sixty-seven per cent of patients (15/20) were successfully treated with single-session 20-ms PRP using a mean 1952 burns. There were no laser-associated adverse effects or ocular complications associated with multi-spot PRP or macular Pascal(®) arrays. The clinical efficacy using 10- to 30-ms pulse duration Pascal(®) laser is comparable to conventional standard protocols used for the treatment of vascular retinal disorders. Higher power, 10- to 30-ms pulse duration laser may be safely and effectively used in clinical practice. © 2010 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2010 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.

  12. Serous retinal detachment following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) using Pattern Scan Laser (PASCAL) photocoagulator.

    PubMed

    Azar, Georges; Wolff, Benjamin; Cornut, Pierre-Loïc; Mauget-Faÿsse, Martine

    2012-01-01

    To report a case of serous retinal detachment after Pattern Scan Laser (PASCAL) treatment in a diabetic woman. A 34-year-old diabetic woman presented with florid diabetic retinopathy after a miscarriage during the 20(th) week of pregnancy. Her Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) was 20/40 right eye (OD) and 20/30 left eye (OS). Fundus exam showed multiple microaneurysms, large blot hemorrhages and venous dilation both eyes (OU). Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) revealed large areas of capillary nonperfusion and panretinal neovascularisation in all quadrants OU. Macular Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography scan (SD-OCT) did not show any foveal thickening. Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) was immediately performed OU during the same day. Two days after PASCAL treatment, her BCVA decreased to 20/80 OU and worsened to Count Fingers (CF) during the following days. Fundus exam revealed an extensive serous retinal detachment confirmed on SD-OCT. 2 sub-conjunctival injections of 0.1 ml Betamethasone were done OU. One month later, BCVA improved to 20/30 and SD-OCT confirmed regression of retinal detachment. PASCAL is considered to be a safe treatment, but one has to be aware of its potential side effects. It has to be used with caution in pregnant women.

  13. 50 CFR 635.41 - Products denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ATLANTIC HIGHLY MIGRATORY SPECIES Restrictions on Imports § 635.41... be denied entry into the United States. (e) For the purposes of this section, it is a...

  14. People and guns involved in denied and completed handgun sales

    PubMed Central

    Wright, M; Wintemute, G; Claire, B

    2005-01-01

    Objective: Denial of handgun purchases by prohibited people and knowledge of the structure of gun commerce have helped to deter and prevent firearm violence. The authors hypothesize that handguns involved in a denied purchase would more closely resemble those used in crime compared with handguns sold. Design: Cross sectional. Setting: Denied and completed handgun sales in California, 1998–2000. Main outcome measures: Handgun and purchaser characteristics of denied and completed sales were compared. In particular, handgun characteristics most closely associated with crime guns (type, caliber, barrel length, price) were examined. Results: Compared with handguns sold, handguns in denied sales were somewhat more likely to be semiautomatic pistols (74.6% v 69.4%), to have short barrels (25.9% v 22.2%), and be of medium caliber (48.9% v 37.3%). Ten percent of the handguns in denied sales and 3.4% of handguns sold were identified as inexpensive. Conclusions: The characteristics of denied handguns are similar to those seen among crime guns. Both groups of guns may reflect the desirability for criminal purposes of pistols, which have larger ammunition capacities than other handguns, and short barrels, which increase their ability to be concealed. PMID:16081756

  15. People and guns involved in denied and completed handgun sales.

    PubMed

    Wright, M A; Wintemute, G J; Claire, B E

    2005-08-01

    Denial of handgun purchases by prohibited people and knowledge of the structure of gun commerce have helped to deter and prevent firearm violence. The authors hypothesize that handguns involved in a denied purchase would more closely resemble those used in crime compared with handguns sold. Cross sectional. Denied and completed handgun sales in California, 1998-2000. Handgun and purchaser characteristics of denied and completed sales were compared. In particular, handgun characteristics most closely associated with crime guns (type, caliber, barrel length, price) were examined. Compared with handguns sold, handguns in denied sales were somewhat more likely to be semiautomatic pistols (74.6% v 69.4%), to have short barrels (25.9% v 22.2%), and be of medium caliber (48.9% v 37.3%). Ten percent of the handguns in denied sales and 3.4% of handguns sold were identified as inexpensive. The characteristics of denied handguns are similar to those seen among crime guns. Both groups of guns may reflect the desirability for criminal purposes of pistols, which have larger ammunition capacities than other handguns, and short barrels, which increase their ability to be concealed.

  16. Pascal dynamic contour tonometry versus goldmann applanation tonometry in gas and air-filled eyes after vitrectomy surgery.

    PubMed

    Donaldson, Mark J; Bhatnagar, Pawan; Dhrami-Gavazi, Elona; Santos, Rodrigo A V; Barile, Gaetano R; Del Priore, Lucian V; Iranmanesh, Reza; Schiff, William M; Chang, Stanley

    2009-04-01

    To compare Pascal Dynamic Contour Tonometry with Goldmann Applanation Tonometry in eyes after vitrectomy surgery with intraocular tamponade of air, silicone oil or perfluorocarbon gas. Prospective clinical comparative study. Eighty-two consecutive patients undergoing vitrectomy surgery with postoperative air, gas or oil tamponade were recruited. Intraocular pressure was measured with both devices. Mean Goldmann intraocular pressure was 16.6 mmHg (range, 1.0-46.0; SD = 8.80) and the mean Pascal intraocular pressure was 21.70 (range, 4.7-58.5; SD = 9.8) The mean difference between the Pascal and Goldmann readings was 5.09 mmHg (range, -14.7 to +12.9; 95% CI = 4.2-6.0; SD, 4.0; P < 0.001). Mean differences for the different tamponades were 5.09 mmHg for silicone oil, 4.02 mmHg for air, and 5.38 mmHg for perfluorocarbon gas. Pascal dynamic contour tonometry gives readings that are highly correlated with Goldmann applanation tonometry, but on average 5 mmHg higher in eyes after vitrectomy surgery with air, gas or silicone oil tamponades. The difference between Goldmann and Pascal readings does not appear to be altered by the presence of a scleral buckle, or the size of the intraocular gas bubble.

  17. Optos-guided pattern scan laser (Pascal)-targeted retinal photocoagulation in proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

    PubMed

    Muqit, Mahiul M K; Marcellino, George R; Henson, David B; Young, Lorna B; Patton, Niall; Charles, Stephen J; Turner, George S; Stanga, Paulo E

    2013-05-01

    To investigate the clinical effects and safety of targeted pattern scan laser (Pascal) retinal photocoagulation (TRP) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Prospective and non-randomized study of 28 eyes with treatment-naive proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Single-session 20-ms-Pascal TRP strategy applied 1500 burns to zones of retinal capillary non-perfusion and intermediate retinal ischaemia guided by wide-field fluorescein angiography (Optos). Main outcome measures at 12 and 24 weeks included; PDR grade (assessed by two masked retina specialists); central retinal thickness (CRT); mean deviation (MD) using 24-2 Swedish interactive threshold algorithm (SITA)-standard visual fields (VF); and ETDRS visual acuity (VA). Following primary TRP, there was PDR regression in 76% of patients at 12 weeks (κ = 0.70; p < 0.001). No laser re-treatment was required at 4 weeks, and 10 eyes underwent repeat TRP at 12 weeks. Wide-field Optos angiography at 24 weeks showed complete disease regression in 37% and partial regression in 33%. Additional panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) was planned for active PDR in 30%. There were significant reductions in CRT over time (10.4 μm at 12-weeks, p = 0.007; 12.1 μm at 24-weeks, p = 0.0003). The MD on VFs improved after 12 weeks (+1.25 dB; p = 0.015) and 24 weeks (+1.26 dB, p = 0.01). The VA increased by +3 letters at 24 weeks (95% CI, 1.74-5.01; p < 0.0001). This pilot study reports that Optos-guided Pascal 20-ms TRP using 1500 burns for treatment-naive PDR is a promising procedure with favourable safety profile. © 2011 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2011 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.

  18. Changes in pupil size following panretinal retinal photocoagulation: conventional laser vs pattern scan laser (PASCAL).

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, I; Perente, I; Saracoglu, B; Yazici, A T; Taskapili, M

    2016-10-01

    PurposeTo evaluate and compare the possible changes in pupil size subsequent to panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) via conventional laser and pattern scan laser (PASCAL).Patients and methodsForty eyes of 40 patients with diabetic retinopathy were included. 20 eyes had a PRP via conventional laser and formed Group 1. 20 eyes had a PRP via PASCAL laser and formed Group 2. The participants underwent standard ophthalmologic examination at baseline. Automated infrared pupillometry were performed at baseline and month 1.ResultsThe mean pupillary measurements (mm) for Group 1 (in the order photopic, mesopic, and scotopic conditions) were 2.88±0.34, 3.38±0.40, and 3.95±0.38, and changed to 3.64±0.42, 4.18±0.42, and 4.58±0.48, respectively. There was significant increase in pupil size at month 1 (P<0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.00, respectively). For Group 2, they were 2.90±0.38, 3.43±0.36, and 3.90±0.40, and changed to 3.18±0.42, 3.74±0.36, and 4.10±0.38, respectively. There was significant increase in pupil size at month 1 (P=0.018, P=0.014, and P=0.014, respectively). The pupil size increased significantly in both groups in all illumination conditions.ConclusıonWe have demonstrated via automated infrared pupillary measurements that PRP may significantly increase pupil size whether it is performed with conventional laser or PASCAL laser.

  19. BRDF characterization of solar diffuser for JPSS J1 using PASCAL

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murgai, Vijay; Johnson, Lindsay; Moskun, Eric M.

    2014-10-01

    The Visible/Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) is a key sensor on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite as well as the upcoming Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS). VIIRS collects Earth radiometric and imagery data in 22 spectral bands from 0.4 to 12.5 μm. Radiometric calibration of the reflective bands in the 0.4 to 2.5 μm wavelength range is performed by measuring sunlight reflectance from Spectralon®. Reflected sun light is directly proportional to the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) of the Spectralon®. This paper presents the BRDF measurements of the Spectralon® for JPSS-1 VIIIRS in the 0.4 - 1,63 μm wavelength using PASCAL (Polarization And Scatter Characterization Analysis of Lambertian materials) with an uncertainty better than 0.8%. PASCAL makes absolute measurements of BRDF in an analogous fashion to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Spectral Tri-function Automated Reflectance Reflectometer (STARR) facility. BRDF is calculated on the basis of the measured incident power, reflected power and geometric factors thus eliminating the need for a standard. The detector rotates about the sample in the plane defined by the source beam and the azimuth rotation of the sample. Unique additional features of this instrument include the ability to vary the sample elevation and roll / clock the sample about its normal thus allowing BRDF measurements in the as use geometry. A description of PASCAL, validation and the BRDF results of the Solar Diffuser are presented. Part dependent non-uniformity of Spectralon® was also observed.

  20. Abortion denied--outcome of mothers and babies.

    PubMed

    Del Campo, C

    1984-02-15

    A consistent argument favoring therapeutic abortions has been that mothers who are denied abortions will seek "illegal" help elsewhere, often in less than optimal conditions. Yet, a review of published reports on women who had been denied abortion and were followed up shows that 70.67% of the 6298 women completed their pregnancies and only 13.2% had an abortion elsewhere. Several studies have shown that the incidence of Complications of pregnancy is no greater in mothers denied abortion than in paired controls. The results of a prospective study by Laukaran and Van Den Berg showed a higher incidence of maternal accidental injury, a borderline increase of maternal accidental injury, a borderline increase in the prevalence of congenital anomalies, and a higher incidence of infection and hemorrhage during the puerperium in women who had been denied abortion. They concluded that maternal attitude and psychosocial stress had little effect on the progress of the pregnancy and labor. Published reports on the psychological effects on the children of women who had been denied abortion are few, mainly because longterm follow-up is required. In 1966 Forssman and Thuwe described the results of their study of 120 children whose mothers had been denied abortion. The children had been followed up until their 21st birthdays. The controls had been carefully paired. The proportion of children who had been placed in foster and children's homes was significantly higher among the "unwanted" children than among the controls (50% versus 18%). There was no statistically significant difference in the rates of drunken misconduct, crime, or "educational mental subnormality" between the 2 groups, but the incidence rates of delinquency and psychiatric consultation were 10% and 13% higher respectively among the unwanted children than among the controls. There have been virtually no objective studies on the psychologic and social well-being of women who have been denied abortion. The literature

  1. Chandler Period Atmospheric Oscillations at the 700 HectoPascal Level Over the Northern Hemisphere.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-12-20

    3 Abstract The response of the atmosphere to the Chandler wobble of the earth’s axis of rotation is studied in a 26 year record of 700 hectoPascal...develops in response to the Chandler wobble and is a significant part of the 700 hPa height field topoqraphy. In addition, the relationship between the...iii Abs tract The response of the atmosphere to the Chandler wobble of the earth’s axis of rotation Is studied in a 26 year record of 700

  2. An Empirical Study of Plan-Based Representations of Pascal and Fortran Code.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-06-01

    COMPUTING LABORATORY lReport No. CCL-0687-0 00 IAN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF PLAN-BASED REPRESENTATIONS OF PASCAL AND FORTRAN CODE Scott P. Robertson Chiung-Chen Yu...82173 ’, " Office of Naval Research Contract No. N00014-86-K-0876 Work Unit No. NR 4424203-01 APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED...researchers have argued recenitly that programmers utilize a plan-based representation when composing or comprehending program code. In a series of studies we

  3. Pascal's Snowshoes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akcay, Behiye

    2004-01-01

    The chief purpose of this activity is to strengthen students' understanding of concepts of floatation such as surface area and pressure (weight per unit area) via snowshoes. Students brainstorm, make predictions, perform calculations, and practice communication skills through interviewing elders and experts. This activity lets students see the…

  4. Pascal's Snowshoes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akcay, Behiye

    2004-01-01

    The chief purpose of this activity is to strengthen students' understanding of concepts of floatation such as surface area and pressure (weight per unit area) via snowshoes. Students brainstorm, make predictions, perform calculations, and practice communication skills through interviewing elders and experts. This activity lets students see the…

  5. Characteristics of women who deny or conceal pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Susan Hatters; Heneghan, Amy; Rosenthal, Miriam

    2007-01-01

    In order to assess characteristics of women with denial or concealment of pregnancy until delivery, the authors conducted a retrospective study of women with no history of prenatal care who presented to their institution for delivery or immediately postpartum. Among these women, 29% had denied pregnancy, and 9% had concealed pregnancy. Authors constructed models predicting denial or concealment of pregnancy and further elucidated subtypes of denial and concealment of pregnancy. Strikingly, psychiatric consultation was rare for women who had denied or concealed their pregnancies, and yet they would often subsequently take responsibility for their infants.

  6. Qualitative novelty in seventeenth-century science: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Pascal.

    PubMed

    Chalmers, Alan F

    2015-06-01

    Two works on hydrostatics, by Simon Stevin in 1586 and by Blaise Pascal in 1654, are analysed and compared. The contrast between the two serves to highlight aspects of the qualitative novelty involved in changes within science in the first half of the seventeenth century. Stevin attempted to derive his theory from unproblematic postulates drawn from common sense but failed to achieve his goal insofar as he needed to incorporate assumptions involved in his engineering practice but not sanctioned by his postulates. Pascal's theory went beyond common sense by introducing a novel concept, pressure. Theoretical reflection on novel experiments was involved in the construction of the new concept and experiment also provided important evidence for the theory that deployed it. The new experimental reasoning was qualitatively different from the Euclidean style of reasoning adopted by Stevin. The fact that a conceptualization of a technical sense of pressure adequate for hydrostatics was far from obvious is evident from the work of those, such as Galileo and Descartes, who did not make significant moves in that direction. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Successful use of intravitreal bevacizumab and pascal laser photocoagulation in the management of adult Coats' disease.

    PubMed

    Raoof, Naz; Quhill, Fahd

    2013-01-01

    Traditional methods of managing exudative retinal detachment secondary to Coats' disease have been associated with varying degrees of success. We describe a case of a 34 year-old male who presented with a sub-total exudative retinal detachment of the right eye that encroached upon the macula, associated with a vasoproliferative tumor secondary to Coats' disease. The patient under-went successful treatment with two intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (Avastin, Genetech Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA) combined with targeted laser photocoagulation with a 532 nm Pascal laser (Topcon Corp., Tokyo, Japan). The visual acuity improved 5 days after the second intravitreal injection from 6/18 to 6/5, with no residual macular edema and complete regression of the vasoproliferative tumor. The improvement in visual acuity was maintained at 12 months post-treatment. We believe this is the first case report describing the successful use of Pascal laser photocoagulation with intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of Coats' disease. Our aim was to defer laser treatment until 'near total' retinal reattachment and regression of the vasoproliferative tumor was achieved. There are, however, reports of vitreous fibrosis in patients with Coats' disease treated with intravitreal bevacizumab. This suggests further long-term follow-up studies are required in patients treated with this approach.

  8. [Comment on “The Haskell Norm”] About Pascal and the unit of viscosity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lliboutry, Louis A.

    I cannot leave unchallenged the assertion that Blaise (not Blasé) Pascal “was a nice man who essentially just used Torricelli's equipment to measure pressure.” I must answer the question of "What in Blasé's background qualified him for the viscosity honor?” (Eos, July 30,1996, p. 291).Blaise Pascal, who was borm in 1623, was a genius indeed. In 1653, 34 years before Newton's Principia, he laid the foundations of hydrostatics. When he was 12 years old, he mastered, again by himself, Euclid's geometry up to the 32nd proposition. At 16, he wrote a fine essay on conics. At 19, he devised and constructed the first mechanical computer in the world. At 29, in addition to his work on fluids, he helped Pierre Fermat set up probability theory and differential calculus. He was also a mystic and a great Christian thinker who wrote outstanding thoughts that were discovered after he died at the early age of 39.

  9. Does Pattern Scan Laser (PASCAL) photocoagulation really induce less VEGF expression in murine retina than conventional laser treatment?

    PubMed

    Konac, Ece; Sonmez, Kenan; Bahcelioglu, Meltem; Kaplanoglu, Gulnur Take; Varol, Nuray; Sarac, Gulce Naz; Ozcan, P Yasin

    2014-10-01

    To investigate the differences in the mRNA and protein expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in murine retina between mice subjected to conventional laser (AG) and those subjected to Pattern Scan Laser (PASCAL) system. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 (G1) receiving retinal scatter laser photocoagulation using with AG photocoagulator (n=16), Group 2 (G2) receiving retinal scatter laser photocoagulation using with PASCAL (n=16) and Group 3 (G3) served as an untreated control group (n=6). Molecular and morphological analyses of VEGF were performed on days 1, 2 and 5 by ELISA, real-time PCR and immuno-histochemical analysis. In samples which underwent AG (G1), when compared with the control group (G3), VEGF mRNA level increased 2.4 folds on day 2, whereas it decreased on day 5 (p□0.001). In samples which underwent PASCAL (G2), on the other hand, VEGF mRNA level increased 1.8 folds on day 1 and 2.2 folds on day 5 when compared with the control group (G3). In samples which underwent AG (G1), when compared with the control group (G3), VEGF protein level increased significantly on day 2, whereas it decreased on day 5 (p□0.001). In group G2, the VEGF levels in the sensory retina significantly increased as compared to control groups at both 2 and 5 days after laser photocoagulation using PASCAL laser (p=0.012, both time points). The peak expressions of VEGF protein in samples which underwent PASCAL and conventional laser were found on day 5 and day 2 respectively. In retinas of PASCAL-treated mice, VEGF immunoreactivity gradually increased during the 5-day follow-up. However, in argon laser group, the strongest VEGF immunoreactivity was detected on day 2, then started to decrease on day 5. In summary, the expression of VEGF protein and mRNA gradually increase during a 5-day follow-up period in PASCAL-treated mouse eyes, whereas in AG group they reach their peak levels on the second day of follow-up and

  10. 78 FR 9907 - Hydrodynamics, Inc.; Notice Denying Late Intervention

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Hydrodynamics, Inc.; Notice Denying Late Intervention On June 24, 2010, Commission staff issued a three-year preliminary permit to Hydrodynamics, Inc. (Hydrodynamics) to study the...

  11. 24 CFR 902.66 - Withholding, denying, and rescinding designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Withholding, denying, and rescinding designation. 902.66 Section 902.66 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN...

  12. Denying Denial in Children with Sexual Behavior Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reicher, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    Denial in some form is almost always present in the assessment and therapy of children with sexual behavior problems. Although it can be a major element in the therapeutic interaction, denial has received scant attention, both in teaching programs and professional literature. It is as if the clinical community is "denying denial."…

  13. 50 CFR 635.41 - Products denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... vessel listed on the ICCAT record as engaged in illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing will be... included on the ICCAT list as engaged in illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing will be denied entry... ICCAT convention area by a fishing vessel that is required to be listed, but not listed on the ICCAT...

  14. Confess or Deny? What's a "Witch" To Do?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Elizabeth

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on what happened during witchcraft trials when people accused of witchcraft either denied the accusations or confessed. Explains that women were brought to trial more often because women were seen as more susceptible to evil influences. Addresses the role of theology. (CMK)

  15. Denis Diderot (1713-1784): Enlightener, Encyclopedist, Educator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brickman, William W.

    1984-01-01

    The eminent eighteenth-century encyclopedia editor and French philosopher, Denis Diderot, exercised a powerful influence on thought and culture in Western and Eastern Europe. He was interested and involved in educational activities and ideas and contributed to pedagogical literature. His life, work, and educational thought are examined. (RM)

  16. Perceptions of Sexual Violations: Denying a Kiss, Stealing a Kiss.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semonsky, Michael R.; Rosenfeld, Lawrence B.

    1994-01-01

    Compares the perceptions of 387 male and female undergraduates of a scene involving a minor sexual violation in which 1 participant denies a kiss and the other kisses regardless. Differences in perceptions of offender and denier behavior are discussed with reference to social support for determining sexual behavior. (SLD)

  17. Denying Denial in Children with Sexual Behavior Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reicher, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    Denial in some form is almost always present in the assessment and therapy of children with sexual behavior problems. Although it can be a major element in the therapeutic interaction, denial has received scant attention, both in teaching programs and professional literature. It is as if the clinical community is "denying denial."…

  18. Fundus autofluorescence and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography imaging of 10 and 20 millisecond Pascal retinal photocoagulation treatment.

    PubMed

    Muqit, M M K; Gray, J C B; Marcellino, G R; Henson, D B; Young, L B; Charles, S J; Turner, G S; Stanga, P E

    2009-04-01

    To report the evolution of pattern scanning laser (Pascal) photocoagulation burns in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy, using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (AF), and to evaluate these characteristics with clinically visible alterations in outer retina (OR) and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Standard red-free and colour fundus photography (FP), FD-OCT, and fundus camera-based AF were performed in 17 eyes of 11 patients following macular and panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). One hour following Pascal application, visibility of threshold burns on FP was incomplete. AF enabled visualisation of complete treatment arrays at 1 h, with hypoautofluorescence at sites of each laser burn. AF signals accurately correlated with localised increased optical reflectivity within the outer retina on FD-OCT. AF signals became hyperautofluorescent at 1 week, and corresponded on FD-OCT to defects at the junction of the inner and outer segments of the photoreceptors (JI/OSP) and upper surface of RPE. A 10 ms macular laser pulse produced a localised defect at the level of JI/OSP and RPE. Macular and 20 ms PRP burns did not enlarge at 1 year's and 18 months' follow-up respectively. We report the in vivo spatial localisation and clinical correlation of medium-pulse Pascal photocoagulation burns within outer retina and RPE, using high-resolution FD-OCT and AF. Ophthalmoscopically invisible and threshold Pascal burns may be accurately localised and mapped by AF and FD-OCT, with monitoring over time.

  19. Correlation between Central Corneal Thickness and Intraocular Pressure Measured by Goldmann Applanation Tonometry or Pascal Dynamic Contour Tonometry.

    PubMed

    Katsimpris, J M; Theoulakis, P E; Vasilopoulos, K; Skourtis, G; Papadopoulos, G E; Petropoulos, I K

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between central corneal thickness and intraocular pressure measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry. The study included 45 persons (90 eyes), divided into 4 groups: a) 10 normal volunteers (20 eyes); b) 16 patients (32 eyes) with primary open-angle glaucoma; c) 8 patients (16 eyes) with normal-tension glaucoma; and d) 11 patients (22 eyes) with ocular hypertension. Intraocular pressure was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry, and central corneal thickness was measured by ultrasound pachymetry. The relationship between intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness was evaluated. Intraocular pressure was correlated positively but not strongly enough with central corneal thickness when it was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry. On the contrary, there was no correlation between intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness when intraocular pressure was measured by Pascal dynamic contour tonometry. Central corneal thickness is an important variable in the evaluation of intraocular pressure by Goldmann applanation tonometry. This factor does not interfere with the intraocular pressure measurements taken by Pascal dynamic contour tonometry. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. A Response to Louise Pascale, "Dispelling the Myth of the Non-Singer: Embracing Two Aesthetics for Singing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Maya

    2005-01-01

    In her paper, Louise Pascale encouraged a redefinition of the word "singer" and suggested ways to make it apply to a broader spectrum of people. The problem with the current definition, she believes, is that it is outdated and needs to be changed in order to better embrace the ideals of current society. Maya Hoover, responds by saying that in…

  1. The Effect of Classic and Web Based Educational Application, Applied for Turbo Pascal Lesson, on Student Success Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bintas, Jale; Barut, Asim

    2008-01-01

    The aim of research is to compare difference between tenth class students and determine their level of success about classic and web based educational applications of Turbo Pascal lesson. This research was applied to 10 A and 10 TLB students of Izmir Karsikaya Anatolian Technical and industrial high school computer department in second term of…

  2. Transfer Function of Multi-Stage Active Filters: A Solution Based on Pascal's Triangle and a General Expression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levesque, Luc

    2012-01-01

    A method is proposed to simplify analytical computations of the transfer function for electrical circuit filters, which are made from repetitive identical stages. A method based on the construction of Pascal's triangle is introduced and then a general solution from two initial conditions is provided for the repetitive identical stage. The present…

  3. Transfer Function of Multi-Stage Active Filters: A Solution Based on Pascal's Triangle and a General Expression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levesque, Luc

    2012-01-01

    A method is proposed to simplify analytical computations of the transfer function for electrical circuit filters, which are made from repetitive identical stages. A method based on the construction of Pascal's triangle is introduced and then a general solution from two initial conditions is provided for the repetitive identical stage. The present…

  4. A Response to Louise Pascale, "Dispelling the Myth of the Non-Singer: Embracing Two Aesthetics for Singing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Maya

    2005-01-01

    In her paper, Louise Pascale encouraged a redefinition of the word "singer" and suggested ways to make it apply to a broader spectrum of people. The problem with the current definition, she believes, is that it is outdated and needs to be changed in order to better embrace the ideals of current society. Maya Hoover, responds by saying that in…

  5. First light from student Pascal Keller, Eschenbach/Switzerland on 6-8 June 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monstein, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Pascal Keller, a student during his exams for general qualification for university entrance, recently set up a Long Wavelength Array (LWA) antenna and a Callisto system to observe solar radio burst activity in his back yard (figure 1) in Eschenbach, Switzerland. The antenna, spectrometer and software were provided on loan by Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich. On the first observation day he observed his 1st light, a type II solar radio burst and some type III bursts. His aim is now to compare this LWA observation with others from the e-Callisto network, which is composed of different antenna types and different antenna sizes as well different locations worldwide. His first four observations on 6 and 8 June 2014 are presented in figures 2 to 5 and associated tables 1 to 4.

  6. Moissanite anvil cell design for giga-pascal nuclear magnetic resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meier, Thomas; Herzig, Tobias; Haase, Jürgen

    2014-04-01

    A new design of a non-magnetic high-pressure anvil cell for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments at Giga-Pascal pressures is presented, which uses a micro-coil inside the pressurized region for high-sensitivity NMR. The comparably small cell has a length of 22 mm and a diameter of 18 mm, so it can be used with most NMR magnets. The performance of the cell is demonstrated with external-force vs. internal-pressure experiments, and the cell is shown to perform well at pressures up to 23.5 GPa using 800 μm 6H-SiC large cone Boehler-type anvils. 1H, 23Na, 27Al, 69Ga, and 71Ga NMR test measurements are presented, which show a resolution of better than 4.5 ppm, and an almost maximum possible signal-to-noise ratio.

  7. Moissanite anvil cell design for Giga-Pascal nuclear magnetic resonance.

    PubMed

    Meier, Thomas; Herzig, Tobias; Haase, Jürgen

    2014-04-01

    A new design of a non-magnetic high-pressure anvil cell for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments at Giga-Pascal pressures is presented, which uses a micro-coil inside the pressurized region for high-sensitivity NMR. The comparably small cell has a length of 22 mm and a diameter of 18 mm, so it can be used with most NMR magnets. The performance of the cell is demonstrated with external-force vs. internal-pressure experiments, and the cell is shown to perform well at pressures up to 23.5 GPa using 800 μm 6H-SiC large cone Boehler-type anvils. (1)H, (23)Na, (27)Al, (69)Ga, and (71)Ga NMR test measurements are presented, which show a resolution of better than 4.5 ppm, and an almost maximum possible signal-to-noise ratio.

  8. 33 CFR 325.8 - Authority to issue or deny permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Authority to issue or deny..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCESSING OF DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERMITS § 325.8 Authority to issue or deny permits... Chief of Engineers and his authorized representatives to issue or deny permits for dams or dikes...

  9. 20 CFR 429.106 - What happens if my claim is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What happens if my claim is denied? 429.106 Section 429.106 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL... § 429.106 What happens if my claim is denied? (a) If your claim is denied, the SSA Claims Officer...

  10. 20 CFR 429.106 - What happens if my claim is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens if my claim is denied? 429.106 Section 429.106 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL... § 429.106 What happens if my claim is denied? (a) If your claim is denied, the SSA Claims Officer...

  11. 20 CFR 429.106 - What happens if my claim is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What happens if my claim is denied? 429.106 Section 429.106 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL... § 429.106 What happens if my claim is denied? (a) If your claim is denied, the SSA Claims Officer will...

  12. 31 CFR 256.54 - What happens if Fiscal Service denies a request for payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What happens if Fiscal Service denies a request for payment? 256.54 Section 256.54 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to... happens if Fiscal Service denies a request for payment? Fiscal Service must deny any request for payment...

  13. 20 CFR 429.106 - What happens if my claim is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What happens if my claim is denied? 429.106 Section 429.106 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL... § 429.106 What happens if my claim is denied? (a) If your claim is denied, the SSA Claims Officer will...

  14. 13 CFR 123.13 - What happens if my loan application is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What happens if my loan application is denied? 123.13 Section 123.13 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DISASTER LOAN PROGRAM Overview § 123.13 What happens if my loan application is denied? (a) If SBA denies...

  15. 20 CFR 429.106 - What happens if my claim is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What happens if my claim is denied? 429.106 Section 429.106 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER THE FEDERAL... § 429.106 What happens if my claim is denied? (a) If your claim is denied, the SSA Claims Officer will...

  16. 36 CFR 1202.54 - On what grounds can NARA deny my Privacy Act request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false On what grounds can NARA deny... Access to Records § 1202.54 On what grounds can NARA deny my Privacy Act request? (a) NARA can deny your... Information Act (FOIA). (c) Upon receipt of a request for access to a record which is contained within...

  17. 36 CFR 1202.76 - Can NARA deny my request for amendment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Can NARA deny my request for... Can NARA deny my request for amendment? If the system manager denies your request to amend or... amendment request; (b) Proposed alternative amendments, if appropriate; (c) Your right to appeal the...

  18. 36 CFR 1202.76 - Can NARA deny my request for amendment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can NARA deny my request for... Can NARA deny my request for amendment? If the system manager denies your request to amend or... amendment request; (b) Proposed alternative amendments, if appropriate; (c) Your right to appeal the...

  19. The organization of clinical trials for oncology at IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori "Fondazione G. Pascale" Napoli and the impact of the OECI accreditation process.

    PubMed

    De Feo, Gianfranco; D'Ambrosio, Francesca; Palmieri, Giada; Perrone, Francesco; Ciliberto, Gennaro

    2015-01-01

    The Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) Istituto Nazionale Tumori "Fondazione G. Pascale" (INT-Pascale) is the largest Clinical Care and Research Cancer Center in Southern Italy. The mission is prevention, diagnosis, and care of cancer and innovative research in oncology. In 2013, INT-Pascale joined the Organisation of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) accreditation and classification project along with other Italian IRCCS cancer centers. One of the major OECI requirements that a cancer center must fulfill in order to achieve and maintain OECI certification is a strong emphasis in translational and clinical research: increasing the number of patients enrolled in clinical trials, establishing easily accessible databases for operators, and informing all possible stakeholders, including patients. A characterizing theme of INT-Pascale is a strong commitment to clinical experimental studies. In the 2007-2014 period, 440 clinical trials were activated at INT-Pascale; in this period, the number of clinical trials and observational studies has had an increment achieving in 2014, respectively, the share of 60 clinical trials and 35 observational studies activated. Optimization of clinical trials management and dissemination of the clinical research culture at INT-Pascale are main objectives to be achieved through several actions and procedures being implemented as a component of the OECI improvement plan. Participation in the OECI program has represented an important challenge to improve quality and processes related to promoting, prioritizing, and monitoring clinical trials at INT-Pascale.

  20. Denying and preserving self: Batswana women's experiences of infertility.

    PubMed

    Mogobe, Dintle K

    2005-08-01

    This qualitative study was conducted to understand and theoretically explain infertility from the perspective of 40 infertile women and four members of the traditional health care system. Symbolic interaction and feminism were combined to under-gird the study. Through ongoing data collection and analysis, a theoretical framework of denying and preserving self was constructed. Preserving self or self-preservation means developing personal measures aimed at preventing o rreducing harm inflicted by others as a result of one's infertility. Contributory factors to denying of self include denial of status as a woman; denial of immortality; denial of experiences of pregnancy, labour and delivery; denial of economic and social security; and the belief that they are being chastised by God and the forefathers. In addition, the women develop strategies to deal with such denials by looking for deeper meaning, working it out, giving in to feelings, getting more involved, getting away, and doin gadoption. Implications of the study are discussed.

  1. [Communication denied: a pilot study on critical relationship in nursing].

    PubMed

    Cotichelli, Giordano

    2014-01-01

    In literature there are few studies on denied nursing communication/relationship and why this communication/relationship is avoided. Evaluate criticism in communication/relationship in nursing in order to build an analytical basis for further study. Participant observation during internship placements, diary and notes taken during the observation, furthermore the whole work context as well as the relationship in a internal medicine department were taken into consideration. In the majority of cases communication is avoided, reducing the time of contact with patients, in others it is sought even when not expressly required by the patient. Escape relationship may be an indicator of professional insecurity. The denied relationship is a mirror in which the practitioner finds its weaknesses. Considering these elements promotes the therapeutic path. The study gave interesting and relevant insights which can be considered as starting point for further research on the field with a wider sample.

  2. Harm or Mere Inconvenience? Denying Women Emergency Contraception

    PubMed Central

    McLeod, Carolyn

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses the likely impact on women of being denied emergency contraception (EC) by pharmacists who conscientiously refuse to provide it. A common view—defended by Elizabeth Fenton and Loren Lomasky, among others—is that these refusals inconvenience rather than harm women so long as the women can easily get EC somewhere else close by. I argue from a feminist perspective that the refusals harm women even when they can easily get EC somewhere else close by. PMID:20706565

  3. Directional Networking in GPS Denied Environments - Time Synchronization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-14

    Directional Networking in GPS Denied Environments—Time Synchronization Derya Cansever and Gilbert Green Army CERDEC Aberdeen Proving Ground MA...on GPS use. This paper describes a decentralized algorithm, called “Fast RTSR”, for directional networking to re-construct time and position data...when GPS is not available. We show that the Fast RTSR algorithm allows the entire network to achieve time synchronization with convergence time of

  4. Receiving versus being denied an abortion and subsequent tobacco use.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Sarah C M; Foster, Diana Greene

    2015-03-01

    The negative health consequences of tobacco use are well documented. Some research finds women receiving abortions are at increased risk of subsequent tobacco use. This literature has methodological problems, most importantly, inappropriate comparison groups. This study uses data from the Turnaway Study, a longitudinal study of women who all sought, but did not all receive, abortions at 30 facilities across the United States. Participants included women presenting just before an abortion facility's gestational age limit who received abortions (Near Limit Abortion Group, n = 452), just after the gestational limit who were denied abortions (Turnaways, n = 231), and who received first trimester abortions (First Trimester Abortion Group, n = 273). This study examined the association between receiving versus being denied an abortion and subsequent tobacco use over 2-years. Trajectories of tobacco use over 2 years were compared using multivariate mixed effects regression. Women receiving abortion maintained their level of tobacco use over 2 years. Women denied abortion initially had lower levels of tobacco use than women receiving abortion, but increased their tobacco use from 1 week through 12-18 months post-abortion seeking and then decreased their use by 2 years post-abortion seeking. Baseline parity modified these associations. Receiving an abortion was not associated with an increase in tobacco use over time. Overall, women who carry unwanted pregnancies to term appear to demonstrate similar cessation and resumption patterns to other pregnant women.

  5. Deep near-infrared survey of the Southern Sky (DENIS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deul, E.

    1992-01-01

    DENIS (Deep Near-Infrared Survey of the Southern Sky) will be the first complete census of astronomical sources in the near-infrared spectral range. The challenges of this novel survey are both scientific and technical. Phenomena radiating in the near-infrared range from brown dwarfs to galaxies in the early stages of cosmological evolution, the scientific exploitation of data relevant over such a wide range requires pooling expertise from several of the leading European astronomical centers. The technical challenges of a project which will provide an order of magnitude more sources than given by the IRAS space mission, and which will involve advanced data-handling and image-processing techniques, likewise require pooling of hardware and software resources, as well as of human expertise. The DENIS project team is composed of some 40 scientists, computer specialists, and engineers located in 5 European Community countries (France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, and Spain), with important contributions from specialists in Australia, Brazil, Chile, and Hungary. DENIS will survey the entire southern sky in 3 colors, namely in the I band at a wavelength of 0.8 micron, in the 1.25 micron J band, and in the 2.15 micron K' band. The sensitivity limits will be 18th magnitude in the I band, 16th in the J band, and 14.5th in the K' band. The angular resolution achieved will be 1 arcsecond in the I band, and 3.0 arcseconds in the J and K' bands. The European Southern Observatory 1 m telescope on La Silla will be dedicated to survey use during operations expected to last four years, commencing in late 1993. DENIS aims to provide the astronomical community with complete digitized infrared images of the full southern sky and a catalogue of extracted objects, both of the best quality and in readily accessible form. This will be achieved through dedicated software packages and specialized catalogues, and with assistance from the Leiden and Paris Data Analysis Centers. The data

  6. Computerised scoring and graphing of the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test of colour vision--a program written in Pascal.

    PubMed

    Balakrishnan, V; Chew, P T

    1992-04-01

    The Farnsworth Munsell 100 Hue test is the best test for diagnosing and assessing colour vision defects. A computer program written in Pascal which automatically scores, plots and analyses the results of the Farnsworth Munsell 100 Hue test is presented.

  7. Barely visible 10-millisecond pascal laser photocoagulation for diabetic macular edema: observations of clinical effect and burn localization.

    PubMed

    Muqit, Mahiul M K; Gray, Jane C B; Marcellino, George R; Henson, David B; Young, Lorna B; Patton, Niall; Charles, Stephen J; Turner, George S; Stanga, Paulo E

    2010-06-01

    To investigate the morphologic features and clinical efficacy of barely visible Pascal (Optimedica Corporation) photocoagulation burns in diabetic macular edema (DME) using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (AF). Interventional case series. Retrospective evaluation of 10 eyes with newly diagnosed DME that underwent barely visible Pascal photocoagulation using an array of 10-microm, 10-millisecond photocoagulation burns. FD OCT and camera-based AF was performed at baseline and at 1 hour, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks after laser. Changes in retinal thickening after laser treatment were measured using retinal thickness maps within the treated sector and the central foveal subfield. At 1 hour after treatment, burns were visualized partially with clinical biomicroscopy. AF demonstrated spots lacking autofluorescence that confirmed effective laser uptake within the Pascal arrays. Sequential changes in hyperreflectivity on FD OCT correlated with morphologic alterations seen on AF. Burns became increasingly hyperautofluorescent between 2 and 4 weeks. There were significant reductions in the retinal thickness within treated sectors on FD OCT at 2 weeks (26 +/- 32 microm; P = .012) and 3 months after laser (20 +/- 21 microm; P = .02) compared with baseline. Clinical biomicroscopic reduction of DME was the most common finding in 80%. Barely visible 10-millisecond Pascal laser seems to produce an effect at the level of the inner and outer photoreceptor segments and apical retinal pigment epithelium, with minimal axial and lateral spread of burns. FD OCT confirmed spatial localization of AF signal changes that correlated with laser burn-tissue interactions over 3 months. The technique of lower-fluence barely visible 10-millisecond laser may reduce retinal edema within affected sectors and effectively treat DME with minimization of scar formation. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Evaluation of maritime object detection methods for full motion video applications using the PASCAL VOC Challenge framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaszewski, Martin; Parameswaran, Shibin; Hallenborg, Eric; Bagnall, Bryan

    2015-03-01

    We present an initial target detection performance evaluation system for the RAPid Image Exploitation Resource (RAPIER) Full Motion Video (RFMV) maritime target tracking software. We test and evaluate four statistical target detection methods using 30 Hz full motion video from aerial platforms. Using appropriate algorithm performance criteria inspired by the PASCAL Visual Object Classes (VOC) Challenge, we address the tradeoffs between detection fidelity and computational speed/throughput.

  9. The modelling of carbon-based supercapacitors: Distributions of time constants and Pascal Equivalent Circuits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fletcher, Stephen; Kirkpatrick, Iain; Dring, Roderick; Puttock, Robert; Thring, Rob; Howroyd, Simon

    2017-03-01

    Supercapacitors are an emerging technology with applications in pulse power, motive power, and energy storage. However, their carbon electrodes show a variety of non-ideal behaviours that have so far eluded explanation. These include Voltage Decay after charging, Voltage Rebound after discharging, and Dispersed Kinetics at long times. In the present work, we establish that a vertical ladder network of RC components can reproduce all these puzzling phenomena. Both software and hardware realizations of the network are described. In general, porous carbon electrodes contain random distributions of resistance R and capacitance C, with a wider spread of log R values than log C values. To understand what this implies, a simplified model is developed in which log R is treated as a Gaussian random variable while log C is treated as a constant. From this model, a new family of equivalent circuits is developed in which the continuous distribution of log R values is replaced by a discrete set of log R values drawn from a geometric series. We call these Pascal Equivalent Circuits. Their behaviour is shown to resemble closely that of real supercapacitors. The results confirm that distributions of RC time constants dominate the behaviour of real supercapacitors.

  10. On the use of the discrete Pascal transform in hiding data in images

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varsaki, Eleni E.; Fotopoulos, Vassilis E.; Skodras, Athanassios N.

    2010-05-01

    The Discrete Pascal Transform (DPT) has been proved remarkably useful for edge detection, filter design, discrete-time signal interpolation and data hiding. In the present work a new blind fragile data hiding technique for secretly embedding messages into color images, is proposed. The embedding procedure is based on dividing each color image component into even-sized blocks. Information embedding is determined by monitoring the lower-right corner of the DPT coefficient matrix. This particular coefficient suffers the highest change for small pixel modifications. The embedding affects the coefficient's sign. In case that the sign is not the desired one, i.e. negative for a message bit value of '0' and positive for a message bit value of '1', it is changed by repeatedly adding to the block or subtracting from the block the identity matrix. This process is based on the DPT properties and on the sensitivity of the lower-right coefficient in even the smallest pixel changes. The embedding algorithm takes care of the underflows or overflows that may occur during the consecutive additions or subtractions. The method is evaluated in terms of capacity and image distortion. Experiments are conducted using different images and block sizes namely 2x2 / 4x4 / 8x8 / 16x16, and the overall performance of the scheme is quantified. Block size greatly affects capacity and stego-image quality. Comparisons with existing methods prove the superiority of the proposed method.

  11. A RQ-mode factor-analysis program for microcomputers. A Pascal program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Mooy, H.; van Hattum, J. T. A.; Vriend, S. P.

    The described RQ-mode factor-analysis program, written in Pascal, is based on a principal-component analysis of the correlation matrix (R-mode). It makes use of the Jacobi-threshold method to determine the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the correlation matrix. Other types of factor analysis are implemented easily by modification or replacement of the standardization or similarity procedures. The Eckart—Young theorem, which unites the concepts of R- and Q-mode factor analysis by the theory of basic structure, is applied to calculate the Q-mode solution from the R-mode solution. The Kaiser-Varimax rotational scheme is used to optimize the R-mode solution. The Q-mode factor loadings and R-mode factor scores are written to two separate (disk) files for further use. The program, intended mainly for use on microcomputers, makes limited use of computer memory. Although the number of variables used in the analysis is limited by the size of the internal memory (in the test configuration of 64 kbyte 37 is the maximum), the number of samples is restricted only by the capacity of the background memory (e.g., the floppy or hard disk). The program was tested successfully on a hypothetical data set. The results also were checked with standard statistical computer packages.

  12. Bacterial survival following shock compression in the GigaPascal range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hazael, Rachael; Fitzmaurice, Brianna C.; Foglia, Fabrizia; Appleby-Thomas, Gareth J.; McMillan, Paul F.

    2017-09-01

    The possibility that life can exist within previously unconsidered habitats is causing us to expand our understanding of potential planetary biospheres. Significant populations of living organisms have been identified at depths extending up to several km below the Earth's surface; whereas laboratory experiments have shown that microbial species can survive following exposure to GigaPascal (GPa) pressures. Understanding the degree to which simple organisms such as microbes survive such extreme pressurization under static compression conditions is being actively investigated. The survival of bacteria under dynamic shock compression is also of interest. Such studies are being partly driven to test the hypothesis of potential transport of biological organisms between planetary systems. Shock compression is also of interest for the potential modification and sterilization of foodstuffs and agricultural products. Here we report the survival of Shewanella oneidensis bacteria exposed to dynamic (shock) compression. The samples examined included: (a) a ;wild type; (WT) strain and (b) a ;pressure adapted; (PA) population obtained by culturing survivors from static compression experiments to 750 MPa. Following exposure to peak shock pressures of 1.5 and 2.5 GPa the proportion of survivors was established as the number of colony forming units (CFU) present after recovery to ambient conditions. The data were compared with previous results in which the same bacterial samples were exposed to static pressurization to the same pressures, for 15 minutes each. The results indicate that shock compression leads to survival of a significantly greater proportion of both WT and PA organisms. The significantly shorter duration of the pressure pulse during the shock experiments (2-3 μs) likely contributes to the increased survival of the microbial species. One reason for this can involve the crossover from deformable to rigid solid-like mechanical relaxational behavior that occurs for

  13. Explanatory supplement of the ISOGAL-DENIS Point Source Catalogue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schuller, F.; Ganesh, S.; Messineo, M.; Moneti, A.; Blommaert, J. A. D. L.; Alard, C.; Aracil, B.; Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.; Omont, A.; Schultheis, M.; Simon, G.; Soive, A.; Testi, L.

    2003-06-01

    We present version 1.0 of the ISOGAL-DENIS Point Source Catalogue (PSC), containing more than 100 000 point sources detected at 7 and/or 15 mu m in the ISOGAL survey of the inner Galaxy with the ISOCAM instrument on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). These sources are cross-identified, wherever possible, with near-infrared (0.8-2.2 mu m) data from the DENIS survey. The overall surface covered by the ISOGAL survey is about 16 square degrees, mostly (95%) distributed near the Galactic plane ( | b | <~ 1deg), where the source extraction can become confusion limited and perturbed by the high background emission. Therefore, special care has been taken aimed at limiting the photometric error to ~ 0.2 mag down to a sensitivity limit of typically 10 mJy. The present paper gives a complete description of the entries and the information which can be found in this catalogue, as well as a detailed discussion of the data processing and the quality checks which have been completed. The catalogue is available at the Centre de Données Astronomiques de Strasbourg (via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/403/955) and also via the server at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (http://www-isogal.iap.fr/). A more complete version of this paper, including a detailed description of the data processing, is available in electronic form through the ADS service and at http://www.edpsciences.org. This is paper No. 18 in a refereed journal based on data from the ISOGAL project. Based on observations with ISO, an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA Member States (especially the PI countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK) and with the participation of ISAS and NASA; and on DENIS observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile.

  14. Denying denial in children with sexual behavior problems.

    PubMed

    Reicher, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    Denial in some form is almost always present in the assessment and therapy of children with sexual behavior problems. Although it can be a major element in the therapeutic interaction, denial has received scant attention, both in teaching programs and professional literature. It is as if the clinical community is "denying denial." Despite its seemingly resistant nature, denial can be used to produce impressive inroads in data collection and in developing insight. This article offers an in-depth look at the construct of denial, especially its expression among children with sexual behavior problems. It will be argued that a more informed understanding of denial dynamics can creatively inform and direct treatment of children and adolescents with sexual behavior problems and considerably improve treatment outcome.

  15. Retained surgical sponges, a denied neurosurgical reality? Cautionary note.

    PubMed

    Marquardt, G; Rettig, J; Lang, J; Seifert, V

    2001-03-01

    Surgically acquired foreign bodies are well known but not widely reported. Only seven articles pertaining to this subject were found in the current neurosurgical literature. Are they a denied neurosurgical reality? In this report with a concededly provoking title, the authors elucidate clinical and medicolegal aspects of retained surgical sponges, with emphasis on spinal procedures. To highlight particulars, a case is presented in which a retained surgical sponge was encountered as the cause of progressive low back pain and tender swelling in the scar area after instrumented posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion combined with pedicle screw fixation for lumbosacral spondylolisthesis 4 years earlier. However, until today, no reported neurosurgical patient has suffered a serious complication due to a retained surgical sponge. The authors wish to remind the neurosurgical community to learn from unpleasant clinical and medicolegal experiences in other specialties before serious complications occur, and we suggest rigorous standardization of intraoperative habits to avoid this hazardous complication.

  16. Single-session vs multiple-session pattern scanning laser panretinal photocoagulation in proliferative diabetic retinopathy: The Manchester Pascal Study.

    PubMed

    Muqit, Mahiul M K; Marcellino, George R; Henson, David B; Young, Lorna B; Patton, Niall; Charles, Stephen J; Turner, George S; Stanga, Paulo E

    2010-05-01

    To investigate the effects of pattern scanning laser (Pascal; OptiMedica, Santa Clara, California) multispot panretinal photocoagulation given in a single-session (SS-PRP) vs single-spot multiple-session PRP (MS-PRP) on proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Single-center, randomized clinical trial of 40 eyes. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy was treated with a 400-mum spot size in 1500 burns given either as Pascal in 20-millisecond SS-PRP or in 3 sessions (100-millisecond MS-PRP) during a 4-week period. Visual acuity, central subfield retinal thickness (CRT), and 24-2 Swedish interactive thresholding algorithm visual fields were recorded at baseline and 4 and 12 weeks. Central subfield retinal thickness, mean deviation, and PDR grade at 12 weeks. There was a significant increase in mean CRT with MS-PRP (22 mum at 4 weeks, 95% CI, -32.25 to -10.75; 20 mum at 12 weeks, 95% CI, -28.75 to -10.82; P < .001) and no significant increase in the SS-PRP group. The mean deviation increased significantly in the SS-PRP group after 4 weeks (0.73 dB, P = .048), with no significant changes in either group at other points. A positive effect on PDR was observed in 74% of eyes in the SS-PRP group vs 53% in the MS-PRP group (P = .31). Mean treatment time for SS-PRP was 5.04 minutes (SD, 1.5 minutes) compared with 59.3 (SD, 12.7 minutes) in the MS-PRP group (P < .001). There were no adverse outcomes (CRT, visual acuity, or visual field) from using multispot SS-PRP vs single-spot MS-PRP at 12 weeks postlaser, and treatment times were significantly shorter for multispot SS-PRP. Pascal SS-PRP was as effective as MS-PRP in the treatment of PDR. Twenty-millisecond Pascal SS-PRP may be safely and rapidly performed in 1500 burns with a similar efficacy to conventional MS-PRP. TRIAL IDENTIFIER: Research and Development Office PIN R00037, Central Manchester University Hospitals Foundation Trust.

  17. 13 CFR 123.13 - What happens if my loan application is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What happens if my loan application is denied? 123.13 Section 123.13 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DISASTER LOAN PROGRAM Overview § 123.13 What happens if my loan application is denied? (a) If SBA...

  18. 32 CFR 725.9 - Action to grant or deny a request.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Action to grant or deny a request. (a) The process of determining whether to grant or deny a request is... such personnel. Accordingly, requests for expert or opinion testimony by such personnel will normally... which issued the subpoena. Because the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that some objections...

  19. 32 CFR 725.9 - Action to grant or deny a request.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Action to grant or deny a request. (a) The process of determining whether to grant or deny a request is... such personnel. Accordingly, requests for expert or opinion testimony by such personnel will normally... which issued the subpoena. Because the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require that some objections...

  20. 19 CFR 122.66 - Clearance or permission to depart denied.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Clearance or permission to depart denied. 122.66 Section 122.66 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Clearance or permission to depart denied. If advance electronic air cargo information is not received...

  1. 8 CFR 245a.6 - Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B. 245a.6 Section 245a.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... 1986 (IRCA) Legalization Provisions § 245a.6 Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart...

  2. 21 CFR 516.133 - Denying a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for indexing. 516.133 Section 516.133 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 516.133 Denying a request for determination of eligibility for indexing. (a) FDA will deny a request for determination of eligibility for indexing if it determines upon the basis of the request evaluated...

  3. 21 CFR 516.133 - Denying a request for determination of eligibility for indexing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for indexing. 516.133 Section 516.133 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... § 516.133 Denying a request for determination of eligibility for indexing. (a) FDA will deny a request for determination of eligibility for indexing if it determines upon the basis of the request evaluated...

  4. 47 CFR 22.227 - Petitions to deny and limitations on settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petitions to deny and limitations on settlements. 22.227 Section 22.227 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON... deny long-form applications in the paging service will be governed by § 1.939 of this chapter. (b) The...

  5. 47 CFR 73.3589 - Threats to file petitions to deny or informal objections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Threats to file petitions to deny or informal... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3589 Threats to... exchange for withdrawing a threat to file or refraining from filing a petition to deny or an informal...

  6. 47 CFR 73.3589 - Threats to file petitions to deny or informal objections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Threats to file petitions to deny or informal... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3589 Threats to... exchange for withdrawing a threat to file or refraining from filing a petition to deny or an informal...

  7. 47 CFR 22.227 - Petitions to deny and limitations on settlements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Licensing Requirements and Procedures Competitive Bidding... deny long-form applications in the paging service will be governed by § 1.939 of this chapter. (b) The... application or petition to deny will be limited by the provisions set forth in § 1.935 of this chapter....

  8. 32 CFR 1639.6 - Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... registrant, having completed theological or divinity school, is satisfactorily pursuing a full-time graduate... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Considerations relevant to granting or denying... Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D. (a) The registrant's claim for Class...

  9. 32 CFR 1639.6 - Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... registrant, having completed theological or divinity school, is satisfactorily pursuing a full-time graduate... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Considerations relevant to granting or denying... Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D. (a) The registrant's claim for Class...

  10. 32 CFR 1639.6 - Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... registrant, having completed theological or divinity school, is satisfactorily pursuing a full-time graduate... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Considerations relevant to granting or denying... Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D. (a) The registrant's claim for Class...

  11. 32 CFR 1639.6 - Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... registrant, having completed theological or divinity school, is satisfactorily pursuing a full-time graduate... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Considerations relevant to granting or denying... Considerations relevant to granting or denying claims for Class 2-D. (a) The registrant's claim for Class...

  12. 21 CFR 516.149 - Denying a request for addition to the index.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Denying a request for addition to the index. 516.149 Section 516.149 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.149 Denying...

  13. 21 CFR 516.149 - Denying a request for addition to the index.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Denying a request for addition to the index. 516.149 Section 516.149 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.149 Denying...

  14. 21 CFR 516.149 - Denying a request for addition to the index.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Denying a request for addition to the index. 516.149 Section 516.149 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.149 Denying...

  15. 21 CFR 516.149 - Denying a request for addition to the index.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Denying a request for addition to the index. 516.149 Section 516.149 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.149 Denying...

  16. 21 CFR 516.149 - Denying a request for addition to the index.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Denying a request for addition to the index. 516.149 Section 516.149 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... SPECIES Index of Legally Marketed Unapproved New Animal Drugs for Minor Species § 516.149 Denying...

  17. 78 FR 11142 - Connor Hayden Kraegel, 19917 Spurrier Avenue, Poolesville, MD 20837; Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-15

    ... facilitates the acquisition or attempted acquisition by the Denied Person of the ownership, possession, or... to facilitate the acquisition or attempted acquisition from the Denied Person of any item subject to... United States any item subject to the Regulations with knowledge or reason to know that the item will be...

  18. [Treatment Results of the Diabetic Macular Edema by Means of the PASCAL Laser System].

    PubMed

    Němčanský, J; Studnička, J; Němčanská, S; Šalounová, D; Cholevík, D; Mašek, P

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate functional, anatomical and clinical efficacy, and safety of the pattern scanning laser (PASCAL®) photocoagulation in patients with diabetic macular edema and absence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. From 2008 to 2013 84 eyes of 58 patients (30 men, 28 women) were treated with pattern laser photocoagulation at the Ophthalmology Department at University Hospital Ostrava. Average age at the baseline visit was 65 years. The inclusion criteria included nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (84 eyes), focal DME (14 eyes), diffuse exudative DME (70 eyes). All the eyes were "treatment naive". The average duration of diabetes was 18 years, average baseline HbA1c value was 8,4%. Either focal laser photocoagulation or grid photocoagulation was performed with the PASCAL photocoagulator. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), fundus photography, biomicroscopy and complications were evaluated during the minimum 12months follow-up period. Statistical analysis using parametrical and nonparametrical tests with p less than 0,05 was done. Mean baseline BCVA was 0,43 logMAR. Values 0,38, 0,37, 0,38 a 0,38 logMAR were observed in the follow-up intervals in the 4th, 6th, 12th and 18th month. In 4 eyes (5%) improvement of more than 3 lines was observed, in 26 eyes (31%) improvement from 0 to 3 lines was observed, in 52 eyes (62%) decrease from 0 to 3 lines was observed and in 2 eyes (2%) decrease of more than 3 lines was observed. Mean baseline CRT was 398 µm, values 370 µm, 362 µm, 349 µm and 338 µm were observed in the follow-up intervals in the 4th, 6th, 12th and 18th month. At the 12th month visit 76 eyes (90%) were stabilized, and in 8 eyes (10%) progression of the disease was observed. No complications were observed during the first 12 monhts follow up. Pattern scanning laser photocoagulation of DME lead to BCVA and clinical stabilization. In addition to this, it lead to decrease of the CRT. The efficacy was comparable to

  19. Comparison of Goldmann applanation tonometry and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry in relation to central corneal thickness and corneal curvature.

    PubMed

    Andreanos, Konstantinos; Koutsandrea, Chryssanthi; Papaconstantinou, Dimitris; Diagourtas, Andreas; Kotoulas, Andreas; Dimitrakas, Panagiotis; Moschos, Marilita M

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature in tonometry measurements taken by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (DCT). This was a prospective study of 185 eyes from 97 subjects, attending outpatient ophthalmology appointments, who underwent intraocular pressure measurements by GAT and Pascal DCT. CCT and corneal curvature were obtained using ultrasound pachymetry and Orbscan topography, respectively. All measurements were carried out among males and females during the period 2009-2012. Apart from the usual descriptive and exploratory data analysis, one-way analysis of variance and agreement analysis were performed, linear as well as intraclass correlation coefficients were estimated, and multiple scatter and Bland-Altman plots were produced. Mean IOP measurements obtained were 17.21±4.10 mmHg by DCT and 13.23±4.07 mmHg by GAT. Mean difference between the GAT and DCT measurements was 3.88±2.8 mmHg. Mean CCT and corneal curvature were 522.78±52 μm and 43.83±2.9823 D, respectively. Intraocular pressure measured by GAT was consistently lower when compared with DCT, and this difference was greatest with thinner CCT. Flat corneas seem to influence GAT measurements compared to DCT.

  20. Comparison of Goldmann applanation tonometry and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry in relation to central corneal thickness and corneal curvature

    PubMed Central

    Andreanos, Konstantinos; Koutsandrea, Chryssanthi; Papaconstantinou, Dimitris; Diagourtas, Andreas; Kotoulas, Andreas; Dimitrakas, Panagiotis; Moschos, Marilita M

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of the study was to assess the influence of central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature in tonometry measurements taken by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (DCT). Methods This was a prospective study of 185 eyes from 97 subjects, attending outpatient ophthalmology appointments, who underwent intraocular pressure measurements by GAT and Pascal DCT. CCT and corneal curvature were obtained using ultrasound pachymetry and Orbscan topography, respectively. All measurements were carried out among males and females during the period 2009–2012. Apart from the usual descriptive and exploratory data analysis, one-way analysis of variance and agreement analysis were performed, linear as well as intraclass correlation coefficients were estimated, and multiple scatter and Bland–Altman plots were produced. Results Mean IOP measurements obtained were 17.21±4.10 mmHg by DCT and 13.23±4.07 mmHg by GAT. Mean difference between the GAT and DCT measurements was 3.88±2.8 mmHg. Mean CCT and corneal curvature were 522.78±52 μm and 43.83±2.9823 D, respectively. Conclusion Intraocular pressure measured by GAT was consistently lower when compared with DCT, and this difference was greatest with thinner CCT. Flat corneas seem to influence GAT measurements compared to DCT. PMID:28003737

  1. Denis Burkitt and the origins of the dietary fibre hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Cummings, John H; Engineer, Amanda

    2017-06-06

    For more than 200 years the fibre in plant foods has been known by animal nutritionists to have significant effects on digestion. Its role in human nutrition began to be investigated towards the end of the 19th century. However, between 1966 and 1972, Denis Burkitt, a surgeon who had recently returned from Africa, brought together ideas from a range of disciplines together with observations from his own experience to propose a radical view of the role of fibre in human health. Burkitt came late to the fibre story but built on the work of three physicians (Peter Cleave, G. D. Campbell and Hugh Trowell), a surgeon (Neil Painter) and a biochemist (Alec Walker) to propose that diets low in fibre increase the risk of CHD, obesity, diabetes, dental caries, various vascular disorders and large bowel conditions such as cancer, appendicitis and diverticulosis. Simply grouping these diseases together as having a common cause was groundbreaking. Proposing fibre as the key stimulated much research but also controversy. Credit for the dietary fibre hypothesis is given largely to Burkitt who became known as the 'Fibre Man'. This paper sets out the story of the development of the fibre hypothesis, and the contribution to it of these individuals.

  2. Gps-Denied Geo-Localisation Using Visual Odometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Ashish; Chang, Huan; Yilmaz, Alper

    2016-06-01

    The primary method for geo-localization is based on GPS which has issues of localization accuracy, power consumption, and unavailability. This paper proposes a novel approach to geo-localization in a GPS-denied environment for a mobile platform. Our approach has two principal components: public domain transport network data available in GIS databases or OpenStreetMap; and a trajectory of a mobile platform. This trajectory is estimated using visual odometry and 3D view geometry. The transport map information is abstracted as a graph data structure, where various types of roads are modelled as graph edges and typically intersections are modelled as graph nodes. A search for the trajectory in real time in the graph yields the geo-location of the mobile platform. Our approach uses a simple visual sensor and it has a low memory and computational footprint. In this paper, we demonstrate our method for trajectory estimation and provide examples of geolocalization using public-domain map data. With the rapid proliferation of visual sensors as part of automated driving technology and continuous growth in public domain map data, our approach has the potential to completely augment, or even supplant, GPS based navigation since it functions in all environments.

  3. Passive optical sensing of atmospheric polarization for GPS denied operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aycock, Todd; Lompado, Art; Wolz, Troy; Chenault, David

    2016-05-01

    There is a rapidly growing need for position, navigation, and timing (PNT) capability that remains effective when GPS is degraded or denied. Naturally occurring sky polarization was used as long ago as the Vikings for navigation purposes. With current polarimetric sensors, the additional polarization information measured by these sensors can be used to increase the accuracy and the availability of this technique. The Sky Polarization Azimuth Sensing System (SkyPASS) sensor measures this naturally occurring sky polarization to give absolute heading information to less than 0.1° and offers significant performance enhancement over digital compasses and sun sensors. SkyPASS has been under development for some time for terrestrial applications, but use above the atmosphere may be possible and the performance specifications and SWAP are attractive for use as an additional pose sensor on a satellite. In this paper, we will describe the phenomenology, the sensor performance, and the latest test results of terrestrial SkyPASS; we will also discuss the potential for use above the atmosphere and the expected benefits and limitations.

  4. 41 CFR 105-64.504 - Under what conditions will I be denied an accounting of disclosures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... will I be denied an accounting of disclosures? 105-64.504 Section 105-64.504 Public Contracts and... Records § 105-64.504 Under what conditions will I be denied an accounting of disclosures? The system manager will deny your request for an accounting of disclosures when the disclosures are to GSA officials...

  5. Use of monitors in Pascal on the Lemur: a tutorial on the barrier, self-scheduling FOR-loop, and askfor monitors

    SciTech Connect

    Clausing, J.A.; Hagstrom, R.T.; Lusk, E.L.; Overbeek, R.A.

    1984-07-01

    A set of macro libraries has been developed that allows programmers to write portable Pascal code for multiprocessors. This document presents, in tutorial form, the macros used to implement three common synchronization patterns: self-scheduling FOR-loops, barrier synchronization, and the askfor monitor.

  6. Bayesian statistics and information fusion for GPS-denied navigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copp, Brian Lee

    It is well known that satellite navigation systems are vulnerable to disruption due to jamming, spoofing, or obstruction of the signal. The desire for robust navigation of aircraft in GPS-denied environments has motivated the development of feature-aided navigation systems, in which measurements of environmental features are used to complement the dead reckoning solution produced by an inertial navigation system. Examples of environmental features which can be exploited for navigation include star positions, terrain elevation, terrestrial wireless signals, and features extracted from photographic data. Feature-aided navigation represents a particularly challenging estimation problem because the measurements are often strongly nonlinear, and the quality of the navigation solution is limited by the knowledge of nuisance parameters which may be difficult to model accurately. As a result, integration approaches based on the Kalman filter and its variants may fail to give adequate performance. This project develops a framework for the integration of feature-aided navigation techniques using Bayesian statistics. In this approach, the probability density function for aircraft horizontal position (latitude and longitude) is approximated by a two-dimensional point mass function defined on a rectangular grid. Nuisance parameters are estimated using a hypothesis based approach (Multiple Model Adaptive Estimation) which continuously maintains an accurate probability density even in the presence of strong nonlinearities. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is illustrated by the simulated use of terrain referenced navigation and wireless time-of-arrival positioning to estimate a reference aircraft trajectory. Monte Carlo simulations have shown that accurate position estimates can be obtained in terrain referenced navigation even with a strongly nonlinear altitude bias. The integration of terrain referenced and wireless time-of-arrival measurements is described along with

  7. EPA's Final Action Denying Petitions for Reconsideration of the 2013 Renewable Fuel Standards

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    These September 2016 letters from EPA denies the petition from Monroe Energy LLC, American Petroleum Institute, American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, regarding certain issues of the 2013 Renewable Fuel Standards Annual Rule.

  8. 25 CFR 1000.226 - On what basis may the Secretary deny a waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.226 On what basis may the Secretary deny a waiver...

  9. 41 CFR 105-64.302 - How will I be denied access?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...? If you request access to a record in an exempt system of records, the system manager will consult.... If the decision is to deny access, the system manager will provide a written notice to you giving the...

  10. 47 CFR 73.3588 - Dismissal of petitions to deny or withdrawal of informal objections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... or withdrawal of the petition to deny; (2) The exact nature and amount of any consideration received... pecuniary benefit, as well as non-financial concessions that confer any type of benefit on the recipient. ...

  11. Order Denying Petition to Revoke All Tolerances for the Pesticide Chlorpyrifos

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    In this Order, EPA denies a petition requesting that EPA revoke all tolerances for the pesticide chlorpyrifos under section 408(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and cancel all chlorpyrifos registrations under FIFRA.

  12. 19 CFR 122.66 - Clearance or permission to depart denied.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Clearance of Aircraft and Permission To Depart § 122.66 Clearance or permission to depart denied. If advance electronic air cargo information is not received as...

  13. 47 CFR 73.3589 - Threats to file petitions to deny or informal objections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... file petitions to deny or informal objections. (a) No person shall make or receive any payments in... the would-be petitioner, has received or will receive any money or other consideration in connection...

  14. Ontario appellate court denies HIV-positive man's constitutional claim to medical marijuana.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Richard

    2002-03-01

    In January 2002, the Ontario Court of Appeal denied a claim by a Toronto man living with HIV/AIDS that Canada's laws prohibiting marijuana possession and cultivation infringe his constitutional rights to liberty and security of the person.

  15. 25 CFR 1000.226 - On what basis may the Secretary deny a waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.226 On what basis may the Secretary deny a...

  16. 25 CFR 1000.227 - What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.227 What happens if the Secretary denies the...

  17. 25 CFR 1000.227 - What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.227 What happens if the Secretary denies the...

  18. 25 CFR 1000.226 - On what basis may the Secretary deny a waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.226 On what basis may the Secretary deny a...

  19. 25 CFR 1000.226 - On what basis may the Secretary deny a waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.226 On what basis may the Secretary deny a...

  20. 25 CFR 1000.227 - What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.227 What happens if the Secretary denies the...

  1. 25 CFR 1000.227 - What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.227 What happens if the Secretary denies the...

  2. 77 FR 13356 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  3. 76 FR 79225 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  4. 77 FR 9974 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations On...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations On Reconsideration under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  5. 77 FR 5577 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  6. 76 FR 81990 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  7. 77 FR 1954 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on Reconsideration Under the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011 Regarding...

  8. Redundancy in the Pascal-Suttell Bender-Gestalt scoring system: discriminating organicity with only one design.

    PubMed

    Wagner, E E; Marsico, D S

    1991-03-01

    The eight Bender-Gestalt (B-G) designs scored by the Pascal-Suttell (P-S) system proved to be highly intercorrelated, while the ninth component, the Configuration score, was modestly related to only design one. A factor analysis of the eight designs revealed one significant factor, which was interpreted as reflecting general reproductive accuracy rather than special gestalt properties of the drawings. While the P-S Total score could discriminate between organic (n = 52) and nonorganic (n = 52) clinical outpatient groups with a 74% hit rate, only one design (seven) yielded a 73% discrimination. It was suggested that a quick and reliable method for screening for organicity with the B-G would be to calculate the P-S score for design seven only.

  9. The Health and Social Isolation of American Veterans Denied Veterans Affairs Disability Compensation.

    PubMed

    Fried, Dennis Adrian; Passannante, Marian; Helmer, Drew; Holland, Bart K; Halperin, William E

    2017-02-01

    Authors comparatively analyzed health and social isolation between U.S. military veterans denied Veterans Affairs (VA) disability compensation and veterans awarded VA disability compensation. The 2001 National Survey of Veterans was used to create a sample of 4,522 veterans denied or awarded VA disability compensation. Using the Andersen health services utilization model as a conceptual framework, multivariate logistic regression was applied to assess relationships between VA disability compensation award status, three separate domains of health, and correlates of social isolation. Results indicate that denied applicants were more likely than those awarded to have poor overall health (odds ratio [OR] = 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.23, 1.70), and limitations in activities of daily living (OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.21). Denied applicants' physical functioning (40.3) and mental functioning (41.2) composite summary scores were not clinically different from those of awarded applicants (39.0 and 40.1, respectively), indicating that both were comparably impaired. Veterans denied VA disability compensation had poor health and functional impairments. They also experienced poverty and isolation, suggesting that they may be in need of additional supportive services. Connecting veterans to community resources could be a vital service to provide to all veterans applying for disability compensation. © 2016 National Association of Social Workers.

  10. Variations in an African Grey parrot's speech patterns following ignored and denied requests.

    PubMed

    Colbert-White, Erin N; Hall, Hannah C; Fragaszy, Dorothy M

    2016-05-01

    Communicative competence is one measure of an individual's ability to navigate conversations with social partners. The current study explored the possibility of basic communicative competence in a non-mammal speaker, a speech-using African Grey parrot. Spontaneous conversations between one Grey named Cosmo and her caregiver were recorded, from which three corpora (i.e., bodies of text) of Cosmo's vocalizations were developed: (1) Baseline: Vocalizations containing no requests, (2) Ignored Requests: Vocalizations immediately following Cosmo's caregiver ignoring Cosmo's requests, and (3) Denied Requests: Vocalizations immediately following Cosmo's caregiver denying Cosmo's requests. The distributions of social (e.g., "I love you," kiss sounds) and nonsocial (e.g., answering machine beeps, "That's squirrel") vocalizations, as well as speech and nonword vocalizations, were statistically different across the three corpora. Additionally, qualitative analysis of the datasets indicated Cosmo was persistent in repeating vocalizations when denied and ignored, and interrupted her caregiver more often when requests were denied compared to ignored. Neither repetition nor interruption occurred during the Baseline conversations. The data indicate that despite the outcome being the same (i.e., request was unmet), Cosmo treated an ignored request differently than a denied request, modifying her vocalizations in accord with the specific context. Such modification is evidence of basic communicative competence.

  11. Integrated navigation of aerial robot for GPS and GPS-denied environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Satoshi; Min, Hongkyu; Wada, Tetsuya; Nonami, Kenzo

    2016-09-01

    In this study, novel robust navigation system for aerial robot in GPS and GPS- denied environments is proposed. Generally, the aerial robot uses position and velocity information from Global Positioning System (GPS) for guidance and control. However, GPS could not be used in several environments, for example, GPS has huge error near buildings and trees, indoor, and so on. In such GPS-denied environment, Laser Detection and Ranging (LIDER) sensor based navigation system have generally been used. However, LIDER sensor also has an weakness, and it could not be used in the open outdoor environment where GPS could be used. Therefore, it is desired to develop the integrated navigation system which is seamlessly applied to GPS and GPS-denied environments. In this paper, the integrated navigation system for aerial robot using GPS and LIDER is developed. The navigation system is designed based on Extended Kalman Filter, and the effectiveness of the developed system is verified by numerical simulation and experiment.

  12. QUILF: A pascal program to assess equilibria among FeMgMnTi oxides, pyroxenes, olivine, and quartz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, David J.; Lindsley, Donald H.; Davidson, Paula M.

    1993-10-01

    Program QUILF assesses equilibria among Ti-magnetite, ilmenite, augite, pigeonite, orthopyroxene, olivine, and quartz (or subassemblages thereof). Oxide and silicate equilibria are related through the QUIIF equilibrium: ?Depending on the assemblage, QUILF can provide information on temperature, pressure, oxygen fugacity, and the activities of SiO 2, TiO 2, and Fe o at which the phases were last in equilibrium. For many low-variance assemblages, the system is overdetermined; thus quantitative information can be extracted even if one phase is altered or has reequilibrated. QUILF equilibria can reduce the uncertainties in temperature and oxygen fugacity as determined from coexisting ilmenite and Ti-magnetite alone. QUILF is written in Turbo Pascal for IBM PC and compatibles. The compiled program is approximately 210 kbyte; it also requires two data files that total approximately 10 kbyte. The compositions of the phases first must be projected into seven-component space (CaOMgOMnOFeOFe 2O 3TiO 2SiO 2) before they are used in program QUILF; routines to accomplish this are included in the program, and also are available as separate BASIC programs.

  13. 75 FR 22436 - Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-28

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded Airport Construction Projects AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative. ACTION: Notice with respect to a list of countries denying fair market opportunities for products...

  14. 40 CFR 270.130 - What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... denying my application for a RAP? 270.130 Section 270.130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.130 What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP? (a) If the Director tentatively finds that your RAP...

  15. 40 CFR 270.130 - What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... denying my application for a RAP? 270.130 Section 270.130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.130 What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP? (a) If the Director tentatively finds that your RAP...

  16. 40 CFR 270.130 - What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... denying my application for a RAP? 270.130 Section 270.130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.130 What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP? (a) If the Director tentatively finds that your RAP...

  17. 40 CFR 270.130 - What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... denying my application for a RAP? 270.130 Section 270.130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.130 What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP? (a) If the Director tentatively finds that your RAP...

  18. 40 CFR 270.130 - What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... denying my application for a RAP? 270.130 Section 270.130 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.130 What is the process for approving or denying my application for a RAP? (a) If the Director tentatively finds that your RAP...

  19. 5 CFR 1630.13 - Procedures for review of determination to deny access to or amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... deny access to or amendment of records. 1630.13 Section 1630.13 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL... to deny access to or amendment of records. (a) Individuals who disagree with the refusal to grant them access to or to amend a record about them should submit a written request for review to the...

  20. 5 CFR 1630.13 - Procedures for review of determination to deny access to or amendment of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... deny access to or amendment of records. 1630.13 Section 1630.13 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL... to deny access to or amendment of records. (a) Individuals who disagree with the refusal to grant them access to or to amend a record about them should submit a written request for review to the...

  1. 33 CFR 96.390 - When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? 96.390 Section 96.390 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? (a) Except for a foreign vessel entering U.S. waters...

  2. A Search for Companions to Nearby Brown Dwarfs: The Binary DENIS-P J1228.2-1547

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, E.; Brandner, W.; Basri, G.

    1999-01-01

    Hubble Space Telescope near infrared camera and multiobject spectrometer (NICMOS) imaging observations of two nearby young brown dwarfs, DENIS-P J1228.2-1547 and Kelu 1, show that the DENIS object is resolved into two components of nearly equal brightness with a projected separation of 0.275 arcsec.

  3. 29 CFR 530.10 - Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate. 530.10 Section 530.10 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE... General § 530.10 Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate...

  4. 29 CFR 530.10 - Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate. 530.10 Section 530.10 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE... General § 530.10 Delegation of authority to grant, deny, or cancel an individual homeworker certificate...

  5. 28 CFR 58.36 - Procedures for obtaining final provider action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... regarding the matters raised in the provider's request for review. The United States Trustee shall provide a... action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny providers' applications and to remove approved... obtaining final provider action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny providers' applications and to...

  6. 28 CFR 58.24 - Procedures for obtaining final agency action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny agencies' applications and to remove approved... obtaining final agency action on United States Trustees' decisions to deny agencies' applications and to remove approved agencies from the approved list. (a) The United States Trustee shall remove an approved...

  7. 33 CFR 96.390 - When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? 96.390 Section 96.390 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? (a) Except for a foreign vessel entering U.S. waters...

  8. 26 CFR 1.547-5 - Deduction denied in case of fraud or wilful failure to file timely return.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Deduction denied in case of fraud or wilful... Companies § 1.547-5 Deduction denied in case of fraud or wilful failure to file timely return. No deduction... that any part of the deficiency is due to fraud with intent to evade tax, or to wilful failure to...

  9. 43 CFR 2.24 - How will the bureau deny requests?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... records in full or in part; (3) An estimate of the volume of any records or information withheld, for...; RECORDS AND TESTIMONY Responses to Requests § 2.24 How will the bureau deny requests? (a)The bureau must... estimate would harm an interest protected by the exemption(s) used to withhold the records or...

  10. 43 CFR 2.23 - When will the bureau deny a request or procedural benefits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... requested record is exempt, in full or in part; (2) The request does not reasonably describe the records sought; (3) A requested record does not exist, cannot be located, or is not in the bureau's possession... OF INFORMATION ACT; RECORDS AND TESTIMONY Responses to Requests § 2.23 When will the bureau deny...

  11. 42 CFR 137.228 - Upon what basis may the waiver request be denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Upon what basis may the waiver request be denied? 137.228 Section 137.228 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Regulation Waiver...

  12. 45 CFR 78.3 - Benefits not denied to rehabilitated offenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... substances shall be denied Federal benefits relating to long-term drug treatment programs for addiction under... to a long-term treatment program for addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the... addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the determination of the sentencing court there is a...

  13. 45 CFR 78.3 - Benefits not denied to rehabilitated offenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... substances shall be denied Federal benefits relating to long-term drug treatment programs for addiction under... to a long-term treatment program for addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the... addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the determination of the sentencing court there is a...

  14. 45 CFR 78.3 - Benefits not denied to rehabilitated offenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... substances shall be denied Federal benefits relating to long-term drug treatment programs for addiction under... to a long-term treatment program for addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the... addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the determination of the sentencing court there is a...

  15. 45 CFR 78.3 - Benefits not denied to rehabilitated offenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... substances shall be denied Federal benefits relating to long-term drug treatment programs for addiction under... to a long-term treatment program for addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the... addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the determination of the sentencing court there is a...

  16. 45 CFR 78.3 - Benefits not denied to rehabilitated offenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... substances shall be denied Federal benefits relating to long-term drug treatment programs for addiction under... to a long-term treatment program for addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the... addiction as defined by § 78.2(b), provided that in the determination of the sentencing court there is a...

  17. 15 CFR 720.2 - Initiation of administrative action denying export privileges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Initiation of administrative action denying export privileges. 720.2 Section 720.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CHEMICAL...

  18. 76 FR 77558 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration 2002 Reopened--Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative... reconsideration have been issued. TA-W-80,027; William Kelly & Sons Plumbing, El Cajon, CA TA-W-80,052;...

  19. Psychosocial Functioning of Bullied Youth Who Adopt versus Deny the Bully-Victim Label

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharkey, Jill D.; Ruderman, Matthew A.; Mayworm, Ashley M.; Green, Jennifer Greif; Furlong, Michael J.; Rivera, Nelly; Purisch, Lindsey

    2015-01-01

    This study addressed a need for research on the association between adopting or denying the label of bully victim and students' psychosocial functioning. Participants were 1,063 students in Grades 5, 7, and 9 in a school district in the northeastern United States. Students were grouped based on their pattern of responses to (a) the California…

  20. Psychosocial Functioning of Bullied Youth Who Adopt versus Deny the Bully-Victim Label

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharkey, Jill D.; Ruderman, Matthew A.; Mayworm, Ashley M.; Green, Jennifer Greif; Furlong, Michael J.; Rivera, Nelly; Purisch, Lindsey

    2015-01-01

    This study addressed a need for research on the association between adopting or denying the label of bully victim and students' psychosocial functioning. Participants were 1,063 students in Grades 5, 7, and 9 in a school district in the northeastern United States. Students were grouped based on their pattern of responses to (a) the California…

  1. 47 CFR 73.5006 - Filing of petitions to deny against long-form applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... applications. 73.5006 Section 73.5006 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST... Noncommercial Educational Broadcast Stations on Non-Reserved Channels § 73.5006 Filing of petitions to deny... short-form applications for a noncommercial educational broadcast station, as described in 47 U.S.C. 397...

  2. 47 CFR 73.7004 - Petitions to deny tentative selectee(s).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Petitions to deny tentative selectee(s). 73.7004 Section 73.7004 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Educational Channels, and for Certain Applications for Noncommercial Educational Stations on Non-Reserved...

  3. 31 CFR 256.54 - What happens if FMS denies a request for payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if FMS denies a request for payment? 256.54 Section 256.54 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.54 What...

  4. 32 CFR 806b.23 - Approving or denying a record amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Section 806b.23 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Amending the Record § 806b.23 Approving or denying a record amendment. The Air Force does not usually amend a record when the change is based on opinion, interpretation, or...

  5. 32 CFR 806b.23 - Approving or denying a record amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Section 806b.23 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Amending the Record § 806b.23 Approving or denying a record amendment. The Air Force does not usually amend a record when the change is based on opinion, interpretation, or...

  6. 15 CFR 325.9 - Reconsidering an application that has been denied.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reconsidering an application that has been denied. 325.9 Section 325.9 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MISCELLANEOUS...

  7. 33 CFR 325.8 - Authority to issue or deny permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... permits. 325.8 Section 325.8 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCESSING OF DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERMITS § 325.8 Authority to issue or deny permits. (a) General. Except as otherwise provided in this regulation, the Secretary of the Army, subject...

  8. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance...

  9. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance...

  10. 12 CFR 1202.9 - How do I appeal a response denying my FOIA request?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How do I appeal a response denying my FOIA... received by FHFA. (c) Extensions of time to appeal. If you need more time to file your appeal, you may... review until a final determination is made. (f) Judicial review. If the denial of your request...

  11. 75 FR 56504 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; Rigel Optics, Inc. and Donald Wayne Hatch; Order Denying...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Action Affecting Export Privileges; Rigel Optics, Inc. and Donald Wayne Hatch; Order Denying Export Privileges In the Matter of: Rigel Optics, Inc., 477 South 28th Street..., Related Person. A. Denial of Export Privileges of Rigel Optics, Inc. On May 12, 2009, in the U.S. District...

  12. 26 CFR 1.503(c)-1 - Future status of organizations denied exemption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Future status of organizations denied exemption. 1.503(c)-1 Section 1.503(c)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Exempt Organizations § 1.503(c)-1 Future status...

  13. 47 CFR 73.7004 - Petitions to deny tentative selectee(s).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Educational Channels, and for Certain Applications for Noncommercial Educational Stations on Non-Reserved Channels § 73.7004 Petitions to deny tentative selectee(s). (a) For mutually exclusive applicants subject... announcing the tentative selection of an applicant through fair distribution (§ 73.7002) or point...

  14. 24 CFR 2002.21 - Authority to deny requests for records and form of denial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authority to deny requests for records and form of denial. 2002.21 Section 2002.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  15. 12 CFR 505.4 - Administrative appeal of initial determination to deny records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Administrative appeal of initial determination to deny records. 505.4 Section 505.4 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 505.4 Administrative appeal of initial determination to...

  16. 36 CFR 1256.34 - How long may access to some donated historical materials be denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How long may access to some donated historical materials be denied? 1256.34 Section 1256.34 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... HISTORICAL MATERIALS Access to Donated Historical Materials § 1256.34 How long may access to some...

  17. Supreme Court denies leave to appeal in medical marijuana charter challenge.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Richard; Carey, Ruth

    2002-12-01

    As previously reported in this publication, in January 2002 the Ontario Court of Appeal denied Jim Wakeford's claim that Canada's laws prohibiting marijuana possession and cultivation infringe his constitutional rights to liberty and security of the person. On 22 November 2002 the Supreme Court of Canada announced that it would not hear his appeal from that decision.

  18. 8 CFR 245a.6 - Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B. 245a.6 Section 245a.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.... If the district director finds that an eligible alien as defined at § 245a.10 has not...

  19. 24 CFR 2002.21 - Authority to deny requests for records and form of denial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... records and form of denial. 2002.21 Section 2002.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... DEVELOPMENT AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC § 2002.21 Authority to deny requests for records and... with § 2002.25; and (5) Be signed by the Assistant Inspector General responsible for the denial. (b...

  20. Differences of Personality, Defensiveness, and Compliance between Admitting and Denying Male Sex Offenders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birgisson, Gunnar Hrafn

    1996-01-01

    Assessed predicted psychological differences between denying (n=30) and admitting (n=72) male sex offenders within the framework of Eysenck's theory on the personality of criminals. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Gudjonsson's Compliance Questionnaire (CQ) were administered to consenting participants who were probationers in…

  1. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review...

  2. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review...

  3. 38 CFR 17.506 - Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Appeal of decision by Veterans Health Administration to deny disclosure. 17.506 Section 17.506 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review...

  4. 8 CFR 245a.6 - Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Treatment of denied application under part 245a, Subpart B. 245a.6 Section 245a.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY..., Subpart B. If the district director finds that an eligible alien as defined at § 245a.10 has...

  5. 2 CFR 1532.1400 - How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement? 1532.1400 Section 1532.1400 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Statutory Disqualification and Reinstatement Under...

  6. 2 CFR 1532.1400 - How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement? 1532.1400 Section 1532.1400 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Statutory Disqualification and Reinstatement Under...

  7. 2 CFR 1532.1400 - How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement? 1532.1400 Section 1532.1400 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Statutory Disqualification and Reinstatement Under...

  8. 2 CFR 1532.1400 - How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement? 1532.1400 Section 1532.1400 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Statutory Disqualification and Reinstatement Under...

  9. 2 CFR 1532.1400 - How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How may I appeal a decision denying my request for reinstatement? 1532.1400 Section 1532.1400 Grants and Agreements Federal Agency Regulations for Grants and Agreements ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Statutory Disqualification and Reinstatement Under...

  10. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 - Standard Terms of Orders Denying Export Privileges

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Export Privileges No. Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES Pt. 764, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 764... “standard” or “non-standard.” This Supplement specifies terms of the standard order denying export privilege...

  11. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 - Standard Terms of Orders Denying Export Privileges

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Export Privileges No. Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES Pt. 764, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 764... “standard” or “non-standard.” This Supplement specifies terms of the standard order denying export privilege...

  12. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 - Standard Terms of Orders Denying Export Privileges

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Export Privileges No. Supplement No. 1 to Part 764 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES Pt. 764, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 764... “standard” or “non-standard.” This supplement specifies terms of the standard order denying export privilege...

  13. Differences of Personality, Defensiveness, and Compliance between Admitting and Denying Male Sex Offenders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birgisson, Gunnar Hrafn

    1996-01-01

    Assessed predicted psychological differences between denying (n=30) and admitting (n=72) male sex offenders within the framework of Eysenck's theory on the personality of criminals. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Gudjonsson's Compliance Questionnaire (CQ) were administered to consenting participants who were probationers in…

  14. 31 CFR 256.54 - What happens if FMS denies a request for payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What happens if FMS denies a request for payment? 256.54 Section 256.54 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.54 What happens...

  15. 31 CFR 256.54 - What happens if FMS denies a request for payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What happens if FMS denies a request for payment? 256.54 Section 256.54 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.54 What happens...

  16. 31 CFR 256.54 - What happens if FMS denies a request for payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What happens if FMS denies a request for payment? 256.54 Section 256.54 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS Additional Provisions § 256.54 What happens...

  17. 15 CFR 904.303 - Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.303 Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP). (a) NOAA..., or permit administered by NOAA, for failure to pay a civil penalty or criminal fine, or for failure... issuance and any opportunity for a hearing, and will be served in accordance with § 904.3. (c) NOAA...

  18. 15 CFR 904.303 - Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.303 Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP). (a) NOAA..., or permit administered by NOAA, for failure to pay a civil penalty or criminal fine, or for failure... issuance and any opportunity for a hearing, and will be served in accordance with § 904.3. (c) NOAA...

  19. 15 CFR 904.303 - Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.303 Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP). (a) NOAA..., or permit administered by NOAA, for failure to pay a civil penalty or criminal fine, or for failure... issuance and any opportunity for a hearing, and will be served in accordance with § 904.3. (c) NOAA...

  20. 15 CFR 904.303 - Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.303 Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP). (a) NOAA..., or permit administered by NOAA, for failure to pay a civil penalty or criminal fine, or for failure... issuance and any opportunity for a hearing, and will be served in accordance with § 904.3. (c) NOAA...

  1. 15 CFR 904.303 - Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.303 Notice of intent to deny permit (NIDP). (a) NOAA..., or permit administered by NOAA, for failure to pay a civil penalty or criminal fine, or for failure... issuance and any opportunity for a hearing, and will be served in accordance with § 904.3. (c) NOAA...

  2. 30 CFR 250.529 - What if my casing pressure request is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What if my casing pressure request is denied? 250.529 Section 250.529 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Oil and Gas...

  3. 30 CFR 250.529 - What if my casing pressure request is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What if my casing pressure request is denied? 250.529 Section 250.529 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND... SHELF Oil and Gas Well-Completion Operations Casing Pressure Management § 250.529 What if my...

  4. 14 CFR 250.9 - Written explanation of denied boarding compensation and boarding priorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... safety-related weight/balance restrictions that limit payload; or (5) you are offered accommodations in a... Compensation Passengers who are eligible for denied boarding compensation must be offered a payment equal to... may offer free or discounted transportation in place of the cash payment. In that event, the...

  5. 75 FR 21717 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Report of Passengers Denied Confirmed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF... September 30, 2005. The publishing of the carriers' individual denied boarding rates has negated the need....ost.dot.gov/reports/index.htm . The Air Travel Consumer Report is also sent to newspapers,...

  6. 77 FR 33808 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review: Report of Passengers Denied Confirmed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... comments on the following collection of information was published on March 27, 2012 (77 FR 18305). There... ended December 2011. The publishing of the carriers' individual denied boarding rates has negated...

  7. 78 FR 60997 - Agency Information Collection: Activity Under OMB Review: Report of Passengers Denied Confirmed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... comments on the following collection of information was published on July 19, 2013 (FR Vol 78, No 139-43272....71 for the quarter ended December 2011. The publishing of the carriers' individual denied...

  8. 33 CFR 148.276 - When must the application be approved or denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Denial of the Application § 148.276 When must the application be approved or denied? (a) In 33 U.S.C... closely observed, can lead to action in just under 1 year. The Coast Guard, in concurrence with MARAD, can... within 240 days of publishing the notice of receipt of a deepwater port license application. (c)...

  9. 47 CFR 73.3588 - Dismissal of petitions to deny or withdrawal of informal objections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... withdraw the petition to deny or the informal objection, either unilaterally or in exchange for financial consideration, that party must file with the Commission a request for approval of the dismissal or withdrawal, a... money or other consideration in excess of legitimate and prudent expenses in exchange for the dismissal...

  10. 7 CFR 319.77-5 - Disposition of regulated articles denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disposition of regulated articles denied entry. 319.77-5 Section 319.77-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth...

  11. 7 CFR 319.77-5 - Disposition of regulated articles denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disposition of regulated articles denied entry. 319.77-5 Section 319.77-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth...

  12. 7 CFR 319.77-5 - Disposition of regulated articles denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disposition of regulated articles denied entry. 319.77-5 Section 319.77-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth...

  13. 7 CFR 319.77-5 - Disposition of regulated articles denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disposition of regulated articles denied entry. 319.77-5 Section 319.77-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth...

  14. 7 CFR 319.77-5 - Disposition of regulated articles denied entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disposition of regulated articles denied entry. 319.77-5 Section 319.77-5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Gypsy Moth...

  15. 15 CFR 720.2 - Initiation of administrative action denying export privileges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initiation of administrative action denying export privileges. 720.2 Section 720.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CHEMICAL WEAPONS...

  16. 78 FR 19192 - Nexiant, LLC, 2531 West Maryland Avenue, Tampa, FL 33629; Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... any item subject to the Regulations; B. Take any action that facilitates the acquisition or attempted acquisition by the Denied Person of the ownership, possession, or control of any item subject to the..., possession or control; C. Take any action to acquire from or to facilitate the acquisition or attempted...

  17. 48 CFR 19.602-2 - Issuing or denying a Certificate of Competency (COC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuing or denying a Certificate of Competency (COC). 19.602-2 Section 19.602-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... should notify the SBA Area Office serving the geographical area in which the headquarters of the...

  18. Compassionate use of the PASCAL transcatheter mitral valve repair system for patients with severe mitral regurgitation: a multicentre, prospective, observational, first-in-man study.

    PubMed

    Praz, Fabien; Spargias, Konstantinos; Chrissoheris, Michael; Büllesfeld, Lutz; Nickenig, Georg; Deuschl, Florian; Schueler, Robert; Fam, Neil P; Moss, Robert; Makar, Moody; Boone, Robert; Edwards, Jeremy; Moschovitis, Aris; Kar, Saibal; Webb, John; Schäfer, Ulrich; Feldman, Ted; Windecker, Stephan

    2017-08-19

    Severe mitral regurgitation is associated with impaired prognosis if left untreated. Using the devices currently available, transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) remains challenging in complex anatomical situations. We report the procedural and 30-day results of the first-in-man study of the Edwards PASCAL TMVr system. In this multicentre, prospective, observational, first-in-man study, we collected data from seven tertiary care hospitals in five countries that had a compassionate use programme in which patients underwent transcatheter mitral valve repair using the Edwards PASCAL TMVr system. Eligible patients were those with symptomatic, severe functional, degenerative, or mixed mitral regurgitation deemed at high risk or inoperable. Safety and efficacy of the procedure were prospectively assessed at device implantation, discharge, and 30 days after device implantation. The key study endpoints were technical success assessed at the end of the procedure and device success 30 days after implantation using the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium definitions. Between Sept 1, 2016, and March 31, 2017, 23 patients (median age 75 years [IQR 61-82]) had treatment for moderate-to-severe (grade 3+) or severe (grade 4+) mitral regurgitation using the Edwards PASCAL TMVr system. At baseline, the median EuroScore II score was 7·1% (IQR 3·6-12·8) and the median Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality for mitral valve repair was 4·8% (2·1-9·0) and 6·8% (2·9-10·1) for mitral valve replacement. 22 (96%) of 23 patients were New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV at baseline. The implantation of at least one device was successful in all patients, resulting in procedural residual mitral regurgitation of grade 2+ or less in 22 (96%) patients. Six (26%) of 23 patients had two implants. Periprocedural complications occurred in two (9%) of 23 patients (one minor bleeding event and one transient ischaemic attack). Despite the anatomical

  19. Metapsychology or metapsychologies? Some comments on Paul Denis's paper 'The drive revisited: mastery and satisfaction'.

    PubMed

    Sapisochin, Gabriel

    2016-06-01

    In this commentary on Paul Denis's paper 'The drive revisited: mastery and satisfaction', the author defends the idea of a plurality of metapsychologies that must be contrasted with and distinguished from each other while avoiding incompatible translations between models. In this connection he presents various theoretical approaches to aggression and the death drive, and demonstrates the differences between the drive model and the model underlying the theory of internalized object relations. The author holds that the concept of the internal object differs from Freud's notion of the representation (Vorstellung). He also considers that the imago as defined by Paul Denis in fact corresponds to the concept of the internal object. Lastly, he addresses the complex issue of listening to archaic forms of psychic functioning and their non-discursive presentation within the analytic process, which affects the transference-countertransference link. Copyright © 2016 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

  20. Project AIR FORCE Modeling Capabilities for Support of Combat Operations in Denied Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Clark Air Base (Philippines), Darwin (Australia), Paya Lebar (Singapore), and U-Tapao (Thailand). A sixth option is a munitions ship, MUN2_Guam... Darwin . Network transportation costs also grow without access to facilities in Thailand. Figure 3.2. Cost Comparison Between Baseline and Denied...Robert S. Tripp, Louis Luangkesorn, Thomas Lang, and Charles Robert Roll, Jr., Evaluation of Options for Overseas Combat Support Basing, Santa Monica

  1. Parental Reasoning, Denying Privileges, Yelling, and Spanking: Ethnic Differences and Associations with Child Externalizing Behavior.

    PubMed

    Lansford, Jennifer E; Wager, Laura B; Bates, John E; Dodge, Kenneth A; Pettit, Gregory S

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to examine whether African American and European American mothers differ in their discipline use when reasoning, denying privileges, yelling, and spanking are considered simultaneously and whether there are ethnic group differences in how these four forms of discipline are associated with child externalizing behavior. Structural equation models were used to examine relations between children's externalizing behavior in kindergarten (age 5), mothers' discipline in grades 1-3 (ages 6-8), and children's externalizing behavior in grade 4 (age 9) in a sample of 585 mothers and children. African American and European American mothers showed the same rank order frequency of reported use of each of the four forms of discipline, most frequently using reasoning, followed by yelling, denying privileges, and least frequently spanking. However, European American mothers more frequently reported using three of the four forms of discipline than did African American mothers, with no ethnic differences in the frequency with which mothers reported spanked. For European American children, higher levels of teacher-reported child externalizing in kindergarten predicted mothers' more frequent report of denying privileges, yelling, and spanking in grades 1-3; only spanking was associated with more child externalizing behaviors in grade 4. For African American children, teacher-reported child externalizing in kindergarten was unrelated to mothers' report of discipline in grades 1-3; considering predictions from discipline to grade 4 child externalizing, only denying privileges was predictive. European American and African American families differ in links between children's teacher-reported externalizing behaviors and subsequent mother-reported discipline as well as links between mother-reported discipline and children's subsequent teacher-reported externalizing.

  2. Parental Reasoning, Denying Privileges, Yelling, and Spanking: Ethnic Differences and Associations with Child Externalizing Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Lansford, Jennifer E.; Wager, Laura B.; Bates, John E.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.

    2012-01-01

    Synopsis Objective This study was designed to examine whether African American and European American mothers differ in their discipline use when reasoning, denying privileges, yelling, and spanking are considered simultaneously and whether there are ethnic group differences in how these four forms of discipline are associated with child externalizing behavior. Design Structural equation models were used to examine relations between children's externalizing behavior in kindergarten (age 5), mothers' discipline in grades 1-3 (ages 6-8), and children's externalizing behavior in grade 4 (age 9) in a sample of 585 mothers and children. Results African American and European American mothers showed the same rank order frequency of reported use of each of the four forms of discipline, most frequently using reasoning, followed by yelling, denying privileges, and least frequently spanking. However, European American mothers more frequently reported using three of the four forms of discipline than did African American mothers, with no ethnic differences in the frequency with which mothers reported spanked. For European American children, higher levels of teacher-reported child externalizing in kindergarten predicted mothers' more frequent report of denying privileges, yelling, and spanking in grades 1-3; only spanking was associated with more child externalizing behaviors in grade 4. For African American children, teacher-reported child externalizing in kindergarten was unrelated to mothers' report of discipline in grades 1-3; considering predictions from discipline to grade 4 child externalizing, only denying privileges was predictive. Conclusions European American and African American families differ in links between children's teacher-reported externalizing behaviors and subsequent mother-reported discipline as well as links between mother-reported discipline and children's subsequent teacher-reported externalizing. PMID:23750114

  3. Assessing Command and Control System Vulnerabilities in Underdeveloped, Degraded and Denied Operational Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    Pretoria, CSIR , South Africa; roosthuizen@csir.co.za) Leon Pretorius (Professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Leon.Pretorius@up.ac.za...Point of Contact Rudolph Oosthuizen ( CSIR , South Africa; roosthuizen@csir.co.za) Name of Organization: Council for...499 Master’s • 300 PhDs © CSIR 2013 2 CSIR : A synopsis • Introduction • Command and Control • Degraded and Denied Operational Environments

  4. [Better protection for female victims of domestic abuse, the experience of Seine-Saint-Denis].

    PubMed

    Ronai, Ernestine

    The French watchdog on violence against women was created in order to put in place actions to prevent violence and protect women and children victims. Several schemes have been tested in particular in Seine-Saint-Denis: the provision of a mobile telephone with an integrated panic alarm, restraining orders, supervised access visits and the Féminicide protocol. These measures provide support and formalised monitoring of each member of the family, in order to stop the violence and protect mothers and children.

  5. Establishing Semantic Interoperability, Under Denied, Disconnected, Intermittant, and Limited Telecommunications Conditions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    always been there for me and gave me a beautiful model of hard work and perseverance. xv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT...efforts on Data Distribution Services (DDS) for its applicability to military IT/C2 systems operating in a denied environment. DDS is advertised ...interoperability is simply the ability to send signals or bytes through 5 a reliable physical connection. Technical integration is more feasible and less complex

  6. New species of Brachystomellidae and characterization of Micronella porcus (Denis, 1933) from Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Queiroz, Gabriel C.; de Mendonça, Maria Cleide

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Three new species of Brachystomellidae from high altitude fields of southeast Brazil are described and illustrated and additions made to the description of Micronella porcus (Denis, 1933). The new species are Neorganella rotundatae sp. n., the second for the genus, Micronella itacaman sp. n. and Micronella longisensilla sp. n. Diagnosis of the genera have been extended. An identification key to the genus Micronella Arlé, 1959 is provided. PMID:23878516

  7. Coping with Degraded or Denied Environments in the C2 Approach Space

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    the State of Self . These changes are not restricted to the physical domain, but also include changes to variables in the Information, Cognitive...adversarial actions and environmental conditions and those that are ‘ self -inflicted.’ In this paper, we are looking at the impact from adversarial...actions and environmental conditions. We assume that Self CiCs do not contribute to a degraded or denied environment, but similarly degrade the

  8. Mental Health Diagnoses 3 Years After Receiving or Being Denied an Abortion in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Neuhaus, John M.; Foster, Diana G.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. We set out to assess the occurrence of new depression and anxiety diagnoses in women 3 years after they sought an abortion. Methods. We conducted semiannual telephone interviews of 956 women who sought abortions from 30 US facilities. Adjusted multivariable discrete-time logistic survival models examined whether the study group (women who obtained abortions just under a facility’s gestational age limit, who were denied abortions and carried to term, who were denied abortions and did not carry to term, and who received first-trimester abortions) predicted depression or anxiety onset during seven 6-month time intervals. Results. The 3-year cumulative probability of professionally diagnosed depression was 9% to 14%; for anxiety it was 10% to 15%, with no study group differences. Women in the first-trimester group and women denied abortions who did not give birth had greater odds of new self-diagnosed anxiety than did women who obtained abortions just under facility gestational limits. Conclusions. Among women seeking abortions near facility gestational limits, those who obtained abortions were at no greater mental health risk than were women who carried an unwanted pregnancy to term. PMID:26469674

  9. Mental Health Diagnoses 3 Years After Receiving or Being Denied an Abortion in the United States.

    PubMed

    Biggs, M Antonia; Neuhaus, John M; Foster, Diana G

    2015-12-01

    We set out to assess the occurrence of new depression and anxiety diagnoses in women 3 years after they sought an abortion. We conducted semiannual telephone interviews of 956 women who sought abortions from 30 US facilities. Adjusted multivariable discrete-time logistic survival models examined whether the study group (women who obtained abortions just under a facility's gestational age limit, who were denied abortions and carried to term, who were denied abortions and did not carry to term, and who received first-trimester abortions) predicted depression or anxiety onset during seven 6-month time intervals. The 3-year cumulative probability of professionally diagnosed depression was 9% to 14%; for anxiety it was 10% to 15%, with no study group differences. Women in the first-trimester group and women denied abortions who did not give birth had greater odds of new self-diagnosed anxiety than did women who obtained abortions just under facility gestational limits. Among women seeking abortions near facility gestational limits, those who obtained abortions were at no greater mental health risk than were women who carried an unwanted pregnancy to term.

  10. Rediscovering Pascal's Mystic Hexagon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Augros, Michael

    2012-01-01

    While the path to mathematical discovery is often intuitive and not simply reducible to the application of a method, neither is it in most cases entirely haphazard. Certain kinds of questions and certain ways of looking at things tend to produce new and interesting results. To illustrate, this paper tells a story of how someone might discover…

  11. Rediscovering Pascal's Mystic Hexagon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Augros, Michael

    2012-01-01

    While the path to mathematical discovery is often intuitive and not simply reducible to the application of a method, neither is it in most cases entirely haphazard. Certain kinds of questions and certain ways of looking at things tend to produce new and interesting results. To illustrate, this paper tells a story of how someone might discover…

  12. Simulation of the passive condensation cooling tank of the PASCAL test facility using the component thermal-hydraulic analysis code CUPID

    SciTech Connect

    Cho, H. K.; Lee, S. J.; Kang, K. H.; Yoon, H. Y.

    2012-07-01

    For the analysis of transient two-phase flows in nuclear reactor components, a three-dimensional thermal hydraulics code, named CUPID, has been being developed. In the present study, the CUPID code was applied for the simulation of the PASCAL (PAFS Condensing Heat Removal Assessment Loop) test facility constructed with an aim of validating the cooling and operational performance of the PAFS (Passive Auxiliary Feedwater System). The PAFS is one of the advanced safety features adopted in the APR+ (Advanced Power Reactor +), which is intended to completely replace the conventional active auxiliary feedwater system. This paper presents the preliminary simulation results of the PASCAL facility performed with the CUPID code in order to verify its applicability to the thermal-hydraulic phenomena inside the system. A standalone calculation for the passive condensation cooling tank was performed by imposing a heat source boundary condition and the transient thermal-hydraulic behaviors inside the system, such as the water level, temperature and velocity, were qualitatively investigated. The simulation results verified that the natural circulation and boiling phenomena in the water pool can be well reproduced by the CUPID code. (authors)

  13. 33 CFR 148.283 - When is the application process stopped before the application is approved or denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... stopped before the application is approved or denied? The Commandant (CG-5) recommends to MARAD that the... applicant does not respond to a request by the Commandant (CG-5) for further information, as per § 148.107....

  14. 33 CFR 148.283 - When is the application process stopped before the application is approved or denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... stopped before the application is approved or denied? The Commandant (CG-5) recommends to MARAD that the... applicant does not respond to a request by the Commandant (CG-5) for further information, as per § 148.107....

  15. 33 CFR 96.390 - When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? 96.390 Section 96.390 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? (a) Except for a foreign vessel entering U.S. waters under...

  16. 33 CFR 96.390 - When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? 96.390 Section 96.390 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? (a) Except for a foreign vessel entering U.S. waters under...

  17. 33 CFR 96.390 - When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When will the Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? 96.390 Section 96.390 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Coast Guard deny entry into a U.S. port? (a) Except for a foreign vessel entering U.S. waters under...

  18. Denying Sanctuary

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    security. Insurgents move freely without fear of attack. Sanctuary is classified as either internal (within the country where the insurgency is...suppliers; conducting psychological warfare that played on local superstitions and cultural fears ; infiltrating the Huks with Filipino volunteer agents

  19. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use…

  20. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2012-01-01

    As faculty members add online and multimedia elements to their courses, colleges and universities across the country are realizing that there is a lot of work to be done to ensure that disabled students (and employees) have equal access to course material and university websites. Unfortunately, far too few schools consider the task a top priority.…

  1. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use…

  2. Reduced Survival in Bariatric Surgery Candidates Delayed or Denied by Lack of Insurance Approval.

    PubMed

    Flanagan, Eleisha; Ghaderi, Iman; Overby, D Wayne; Farrell, Timothy M

    2016-02-01

    Bariatric surgery reduces mortality for Americans who meet candidacy criteria and have insurance coverage. Unfortunately, some medically suitable candidates are denied or delayed during insurance approval processes. The long-term impact of such care delays on survival is unknown. Using a prospectively maintained bariatric intake database, we identified consecutive applicants who were evaluated and medically cleared by our multidisciplinary care team and for whom insurance approval was requested. We compared survival in those who were initially approved by their insurance carriers (controls) and those who were initially denied coverage (subjects). Mortality was determined using the Social Security Death Index. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted and the log-rank test for significance was applied. From August 2003 to December 2008, 463 patients (391 females, mean age 45 ± 10 years, mean body mass index 52.5 ± 9.4 kg/m(2)) were medically cleared for a bariatric procedure. Of these, 363 were approved by insurance on initial request, whereas 100 were denied. Given the study's intention to measure the aggregate impact of delays and denials, nine patients who later came to operation after appeal or coverage change were maintained in the subject cohort. During 0- to 113-month follow-up, six subjects (6%) died compared with seven controls (1.9%), corresponding to a statistically significant survival benefit for patients initially approved for bariatric surgery without delay or denial (P < 0.001). In conclusion, access to bariatric surgical care was impeded by insurance certification processes in 22 per cent of medically acceptable candidates. Processes that delay or restrict efficient access to bariatric surgery are associated with a 3-fold mortality increase.

  3. Pilot randomised clinical trial of Pascal TargETEd Retinal versus variable fluence PANretinal 20 ms laser in diabetic retinopathy: PETER PAN study.

    PubMed

    Muqit, Mahiul M K; Young, Lorna B; McKenzie, Rod; John, Binu; Marcellino, George R; Henson, David B; Turner, George S; Stanga, Paulo E

    2013-02-01

    To investigate the short-term effects of high-density 20-ms laser on macular thickness using Pascal-targeted retinal photocoagulation (TRP) and reduced fluence/minimally-traumatic panretinal photocoagulation (MT-PRP) compared to standard-intensity PRP (SI-PRP) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Prospective randomised clinical trial. Treatment-naive PDR was treated with single-session 20-ms Pascal 2500 burns photocoagulation randomised to one of three treatment arms (TRP:MT-PRP:SI-PRP). Primary outcome measure was change in central retinal thickness (CRT) on OCT. Secondary outcomes at 4 and 12 weeks post-laser included: OCT peripapillary nerve fibre layer (NFL) thickness; PDR disease regression on Optos angiography; SITA-Std visual fields (VF); and, visual acuity (VA). 30 eyes of 24 patients were studied, ten eyes/arm. At 12 weeks, there were significant reductions in CRT after TRP (9.6 µm; 95% CI, 1.84 to 17.36; p=0.021) and MT-PRP (17.1 µm; 95% CI, 11 to 23.2; p=0.001), versus SI-PRP (+5.9 µm; 95% CI, -6.75 to 18.55; p=0.32). PDR regression was similar between groups (TRP 70%; MT-PRP 70%; SI-PRP 90%; κ=0.76). No significant changes in VA and NFL thickness developed between groups. The VF mean deviation scores increased significantly in all groups at 12 weeks ([TRP, +0.70dB; 95% CI, 0.07 to 1.48; p=0.07], [MT-PRP, +0.63dB; 95% CI, 0.12 to 1.15; p=0.02], [SI-PRP, +1.0dB; 95% CI, 0.19 to 1.74; p=0.02]). There were no laser-related ocular complications. This pilot study reports that high-density 20-ms Pascal TRP and MT-PRP using 2500 burns did not produce increased macular thickness or any ocular adverse events during the short-term.

  4. Denying humanness to others: a newly discovered mechanism by which violent video games increase aggressive behavior.

    PubMed

    Greitemeyer, Tobias; McLatchie, Neil

    2011-05-01

    Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive behavior. So far, these effects have been explained mainly as the result of priming existing knowledge structures. The research reported here examined the role of denying humanness to other people in accounting for the effect that playing a violent video game has on aggressive behavior. In two experiments, we found that playing violent video games increased dehumanization, which in turn evoked aggressive behavior. Thus, it appears that video-game-induced aggressive behavior is triggered when victimizers perceive the victim to be less human.

  5. Pressure in the Landau-Ginzburg functional: Pascal's law, nucleation in fluid mixtures, a meanfield theory of amphiphilic action, and interface wetting in glassy liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, Ho Yin; Lubchenko, Vassiliy

    2015-09-01

    We set up the problem of finding the transition state for phase nucleation in multi-component fluid mixtures, within the Landau-Ginzburg density functional. We establish an expression for the coordinate-dependent local pressure that applies to mixtures, arbitrary geometries, and certain non-equilibrium configurations. The expression allows one to explicitly evaluate the pressure in spherical geometry, à la van der Waals. Pascal's law is recovered within the Landau-Ginzburg density functional theory, formally analogously to how conservation of energy is recovered in the Lagrangian formulation of mechanics. We establish proper boundary conditions for certain singular functional forms of the bulk free energy density that allow one to obtain droplet solutions with thick walls in essentially closed form. The hydrodynamic modes responsible for mixing near the interface are explicitly identified in the treatment; the composition at the interface is found to depend only weakly on the droplet size. Next we develop a Landau-Ginzburg treatment of the effects of amphiphiles on the surface tension; the amphiphilic action is seen as a violation of Pascal's law. We explicitly obtain the binding potential for the detergent at the interface and the dependence of the down-renormalization of the surface tension on the activity of the detergent. Finally, we argue that the renormalization of the activation barrier for escape from long-lived structures in glassy liquids can be viewed as an action of uniformly seeded, randomly oriented amphiphilic molecules on the interface separating two dissimilar aperiodic structures. This renormalization is also considered as a "wetting" of the interface. The resulting conclusions are consistent with the random first order transition theory.

  6. High-sensitivity nuclear magnetic resonance at Giga-Pascal pressures: a new tool for probing electronic and chemical properties of condensed matter under extreme conditions.

    PubMed

    Meier, Thomas; Haase, Jürgen

    2014-10-10

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is one of the most important techniques for the study of condensed matter systems, their chemical structure, and their electronic properties. The application of high pressure enables one to synthesize new materials, but the response of known materials to high pressure is a very useful tool for studying their electronic structure and developing theories. For example, high-pressure synthesis might be at the origin of life; and understanding the behavior of small molecules under extreme pressure will tell us more about fundamental processes in our universe. It is no wonder that there has always been great interest in having NMR available at high pressures. Unfortunately, the desired pressures are often well into the Giga-Pascal (GPa) range and require special anvil cell devices where only very small, secluded volumes are available. This has restricted the use of NMR almost entirely in the past, and only recently, a new approach to high-sensitivity GPa NMR, which has a resonating micro-coil inside the sample chamber, was put forward. This approach enables us to achieve high sensitivity with experiments that bring the power of NMR to Giga-Pascal pressure condensed matter research. First applications, the detection of a topological electronic transition in ordinary aluminum metal and the closing of the pseudo-gap in high-temperature superconductivity, show the power of such an approach. Meanwhile, the range of achievable pressures was increased tremendously with a new generation of anvil cells (up to 10.1 GPa), that fit standard-bore NMR magnets. This approach might become a new, important tool for the investigation of many condensed matter systems, in chemistry, geochemistry, and in physics, since we can now watch structural changes with the eyes of a very versatile probe.

  7. High-Sensitivity Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Giga-Pascal Pressures: A New Tool for Probing Electronic and Chemical Properties of Condensed Matter under Extreme Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Meier, Thomas; Haase, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is one of the most important techniques for the study of condensed matter systems, their chemical structure, and their electronic properties. The application of high pressure enables one to synthesize new materials, but the response of known materials to high pressure is a very useful tool for studying their electronic structure and developing theories. For example, high-pressure synthesis might be at the origin of life; and understanding the behavior of small molecules under extreme pressure will tell us more about fundamental processes in our universe. It is no wonder that there has always been great interest in having NMR available at high pressures. Unfortunately, the desired pressures are often well into the Giga-Pascal (GPa) range and require special anvil cell devices where only very small, secluded volumes are available. This has restricted the use of NMR almost entirely in the past, and only recently, a new approach to high-sensitivity GPa NMR, which has a resonating micro-coil inside the sample chamber, was put forward. This approach enables us to achieve high sensitivity with experiments that bring the power of NMR to Giga-Pascal pressure condensed matter research. First applications, the detection of a topological electronic transition in ordinary aluminum metal and the closing of the pseudo-gap in high-temperature superconductivity, show the power of such an approach. Meanwhile, the range of achievable pressures was increased tremendously with a new generation of anvil cells (up to 10.1 GPa), that fit standard-bore NMR magnets. This approach might become a new, important tool for the investigation of many condensed matter systems, in chemistry, geochemistry, and in physics, since we can now watch structural changes with the eyes of a very versatile probe. PMID:25350694

  8. Pressure in the Landau-Ginzburg functional: Pascal's law, nucleation in fluid mixtures, a meanfield theory of amphiphilic action, and interface wetting in glassy liquids.

    PubMed

    Chan, Ho Yin; Lubchenko, Vassiliy

    2015-09-28

    We set up the problem of finding the transition state for phase nucleation in multi-component fluid mixtures, within the Landau-Ginzburg density functional. We establish an expression for the coordinate-dependent local pressure that applies to mixtures, arbitrary geometries, and certain non-equilibrium configurations. The expression allows one to explicitly evaluate the pressure in spherical geometry, à la van der Waals. Pascal's law is recovered within the Landau-Ginzburg density functional theory, formally analogously to how conservation of energy is recovered in the Lagrangian formulation of mechanics. We establish proper boundary conditions for certain singular functional forms of the bulk free energy density that allow one to obtain droplet solutions with thick walls in essentially closed form. The hydrodynamic modes responsible for mixing near the interface are explicitly identified in the treatment; the composition at the interface is found to depend only weakly on the droplet size. Next we develop a Landau-Ginzburg treatment of the effects of amphiphiles on the surface tension; the amphiphilic action is seen as a violation of Pascal's law. We explicitly obtain the binding potential for the detergent at the interface and the dependence of the down-renormalization of the surface tension on the activity of the detergent. Finally, we argue that the renormalization of the activation barrier for escape from long-lived structures in glassy liquids can be viewed as an action of uniformly seeded, randomly oriented amphiphilic molecules on the interface separating two dissimilar aperiodic structures. This renormalization is also considered as a "wetting" of the interface. The resulting conclusions are consistent with the random first order transition theory.

  9. A comparison of depression and anxiety symptom trajectories between women who had an abortion and women denied one

    PubMed Central

    Foster, Diana G.; Steinberg, Julia R.; Roberts, Sarah C.M.; Neuhaus, John; Biggs, M. Antonia

    2016-01-01

    Background This study prospectively assesses the mental health outcomes among women seeking abortions, by comparing women having later abortions to women denied abortions, up to two years post-abortion seeking. Methods We present the first two years of a 5-year telephone interview study that is following 956 women who sought an abortion from 30 facilities throughout the U.S. We use adjusted linear mixed effects regression analyses to assess whether symptoms of depression and anxiety, as measured by the BSI-short form and Prime-MD, differ over time among women denied an abortion due to advanced gestational age, compared to women who received abortions. Results Baseline predicted mean depressive symptom scores for women denied abortion (3.07) were similar to women receiving an abortion just below the gestational limit (2.86). Depressive symptoms declined over time with no difference between groups. Initial predicted mean anxiety symptoms were higher among women denied care (2.59) than among women who had an abortion just below the gestational limit (1.91). Anxiety levels in the two groups declined and converged after one year. Conclusions Women who received an abortion had similar or lower levels of depression and anxiety than women denied an abortion. Our findings do not support the notion that abortion is a cause of mental health problems. PMID:25628123

  10. [Do women from Seine-Saint-Denis have different prenatal care compared to other women in the region?].

    PubMed

    Carayol, M; Bucourt, M; Cuesta, J; Blondel, B; Zeitlin, J

    2015-03-01

    We compared the care of pregnant women residing in Seine-Saint-Denis (SSD) to those resident elsewhere in Île-de-France because of the high rate of perinatal and infant mortality in this district. Data come from the French national perinatal surveys of 2003 and 2010 (n=969 in Seine-Saint-Denis, n=5636 other Île-de-France). We analyzed two indicators: inadequate prenatal care (late initiation, <3 ultrasounds, insufficient number of visits) and lack of knowledge of about screening and diagnostic tests for Down's Syndrome. Models were adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics. Nineteen percent of women in Seine-Saint-Denis and 12 % elsewhere in Île-de-France had inadequate care and 29 % and 16 % did not know if they had been screened for Down's Syndrome. These rates were higher among migrant women but did not differ by place of residence (25 and 40 % respectively). For French citizens, residence in Seine-Saint-Denis was a risk factor for both indicators. A reflection on how to improve care during pregnancy should be initiated in Seine-Saint-Denis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. A comparison of depression and anxiety symptom trajectories between women who had an abortion and women denied one.

    PubMed

    Foster, D G; Steinberg, J R; Roberts, S C M; Neuhaus, J; Biggs, M A

    2015-07-01

    This study prospectively assesses the mental health outcomes among women seeking abortions, by comparing women having later abortions with women denied abortions, up to 2 years post-abortion seeking. We present the first 2 years of a 5-year telephone interview study that is following 956 women who sought an abortion from 30 facilities throughout the USA. We use adjusted linear mixed-effects regression analyses to assess whether symptoms of depression and anxiety, as measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory-short form and the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders Patient Health Questionnaire, differ over time among women denied an abortion due to advanced gestational age, compared with women who received abortions. Baseline predicted mean depressive symptom scores for women denied abortion (3.07) were similar to women receiving an abortion just below the gestational limit (2.86). Depressive symptoms declined over time, with no difference between groups. Initial predicted mean anxiety symptoms were higher among women denied care (2.59) than among women who had an abortion just below the gestational limit (1.91). Anxiety levels in the two groups declined and converged after 1 year. Women who received an abortion had similar or lower levels of depression and anxiety than women denied an abortion. Our findings do not support the notion that abortion is a cause of mental health problems.

  12. ‘This Is Real Misery’: Experiences of Women Denied Legal Abortion in Tunisia

    PubMed Central

    Hajri, Selma; Raifman, Sarah; Gerdts, Caitlin; Baum, Sarah; Foster, Diana Greene

    2015-01-01

    Barriers to accessing legal abortion services in Tunisia are increasing, despite a liberal abortion law, and women are often denied wanted legal abortion services. In this paper, we seek to explore the reasons for abortion denial and whether these reasons had a legal or medical basis. We also identify barriers women faced in accessing abortion and make recommendations for improved access to quality abortion care. We recruited women immediately after they had been turned away from legal abortion services at two facilities in Tunis, Tunisia. Thirteen women consented to participate in qualitative interviews two months after they were turned away from the facility. Women were denied abortion care on the day they were recruited due to three main reasons: gestational age, health conditions, and logistical barriers. Nine women ultimately terminated their pregnancies at another facility, and four women carried to term. None of the women attempted illegal abortion services or self-induction. Further research is needed in order to assess abortion denial from the perspective of providers and medical staff. PMID:26684189

  13. 'This Is Real Misery': Experiences of Women Denied Legal Abortion in Tunisia.

    PubMed

    Hajri, Selma; Raifman, Sarah; Gerdts, Caitlin; Baum, Sarah; Foster, Diana Greene

    2015-01-01

    Barriers to accessing legal abortion services in Tunisia are increasing, despite a liberal abortion law, and women are often denied wanted legal abortion services. In this paper, we seek to explore the reasons for abortion denial and whether these reasons had a legal or medical basis. We also identify barriers women faced in accessing abortion and make recommendations for improved access to quality abortion care. We recruited women immediately after they had been turned away from legal abortion services at two facilities in Tunis, Tunisia. Thirteen women consented to participate in qualitative interviews two months after they were turned away from the facility. Women were denied abortion care on the day they were recruited due to three main reasons: gestational age, health conditions, and logistical barriers. Nine women ultimately terminated their pregnancies at another facility, and four women carried to term. None of the women attempted illegal abortion services or self-induction. Further research is needed in order to assess abortion denial from the perspective of providers and medical staff.

  14. Receiving Versus Being Denied a Pregnancy Termination and Subsequent Alcohol Use: A Longitudinal Study

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, Sarah C. M.; Delucchi, Kevin; Wilsnack, Sharon C.; Foster, Diana Greene

    2015-01-01

    Aim Research finds women who terminate pregnancies are at risk of subsequent problematic alcohol use, but methodological and conceptual problems are common. This study examines the relationship between receiving versus being denied termination and subsequent alcohol use. Methods Data are from a prospective, longitudinal study of US women seeking pregnancy terminations. Participants presented just before a facility's gestational limit and received terminations (Near Limits, n = 452) or just beyond the limit and were denied terminations (Turnaways, n = 231). Results Groups did not differ in alcohol use before pregnancy recognition. One week after termination-seeking (Turnaways still pregnant, Near Limits not), Turnaways had lower odds of any and binge alcohol use, but did not differ on 1+ problem symptoms. Over 2.5 years, both Near Limits and Turnaways increased any and binge alcohol use, with Turnaways increasing more rapidly. The groups did not converge again on any or binge use. For Near Limits, any alcohol use surpassed the pre-pregnancy recognition level, but binge use did not. Changes in problem symptoms over time were not evident for either group. Conclusion While women who had a termination were more likely to report any and binge alcohol use than women who had a child, this difference was due to a reduction in consumption among women having the child rather than an increase in consumption among women having a termination. Thus, assertions that having a termination leads women to increase alcohol use to cope with having had a termination are not supported. PMID:25787011

  15. The ObGyn clerkship: are students denied the opportunity to provide patient care and what is the role of gender?

    PubMed

    Jiang, Xuezhi; Altomare, Christopher; Egan, James F X; Tocco, Deanna B; Schnatz, Peter F

    2012-04-01

    We sought to study the frequency, and reasons that third-year medical students on an ObGyn clerkship are denied the opportunity to be involved in patient care. Students from four hospitals affiliated with the University of Connecticut Medical School completed an anonymous postclerkship survey. Among the 157 students studied (66 males and 91 females), 51% (n = 80) were denied the opportunity to participate in a gynecologic examination and 47% (n = 73) were denied the opportunity for routine ObGyn care by patients. Among these students, 55% (n = 44) and 38% (n = 28) stated that being male was the reason they were excluded from gynecologic and routine care, respectively. Of the 80 students who were denied involvement in a gynecologic examination, 81% (n = 65) were denied involvement by clinic patients. Of the 44 males who stated they were denied the opportunity to be involved in a gynecologic examination due to their gender, 89% (n = 39) were refused by clinic patients. Compared with female students, male students are statistically more likely to be denied the opportunity to be involved in gynecologic examinations (RR = 1.69 [1.24-2.29]), especially by clinic patients (RR = 2.07 [1.41-3.03]). A significant number of students were denied the opportunity to be involved in ObGyn care experiences. More frequently male students were denied involvement in care, with a higher incidence among clinic patients. We hypothesize that being denied involvement provides a negative perception of the ObGyn specialty, especially to male students, possibly affecting their decision to choose ObGyn training. A significant number of medical students, particularly males, were denied involvement in patient care, primarily by clinic patients, during the ObGyn clerkships.

  16. Systems and Methods for Locating a Target in a GPS-Denied Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Murdock, Ronald G. (Inventor); Mackay, John D. (Inventor); Cummins, Douglas A. (Inventor)

    2017-01-01

    A system for locating an object in a GPS-denied environment includes first and second stationary nodes of a network and an object out of synchronization with a common time base of the network. The system includes one or more processors that are configured to estimate distances between the first stationary node and the object and a distance between the second stationary node and the object by comparing time-stamps of messages relayed between the object and the nodes. A position of the object can then be trilaterated using a location of each of the first and second stationary nodes and the measured distances between the object and each of the first and second stationary nodes.

  17. Why Do Parents Grant or Deny Consent for Adolescent Participation in Sexuality Research?

    PubMed

    Moilanen, Kristin L

    2016-05-01

    To date, there is limited knowledge about how parents make decisions about adolescents' participation in sexuality research. This gap was addressed in the present study, which explored parents' reasons for providing or denying consent and their suggestions for improving the likelihood of consent. 151 parents responded through anonymous internet surveys (85.3 % mothers; 87 % European American). Those who would likely consent were largely motivated by potential benefits and limited risks of participating in the study. Those unlikely to consent expressed discomfort with sexual content, which they viewed as inappropriate for sexually-naïve adolescents. Most were somewhat more likely to consent if researchers engaged in ethical research practices (e.g., protecting confidentiality). As in other adolescent life domains, parents' decisions strongly reflected their desire to protect their teenagers' wellbeing, though respondents' means of pursuing this goal varied. The discussion centers on the findings' implications for theory development and recruitment efforts.

  18. Receiving Versus Being Denied a Pregnancy Termination and Subsequent Alcohol Use: A Longitudinal Study.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Sarah C M; Delucchi, Kevin; Wilsnack, Sharon C; Foster, Diana Greene

    2015-07-01

    Research finds women who terminate pregnancies are at risk of subsequent problematic alcohol use, but methodological and conceptual problems are common. This study examines the relationship between receiving versus being denied termination and subsequent alcohol use. Data are from a prospective, longitudinal study of US women seeking pregnancy terminations. Participants presented just before a facility's gestational limit and received terminations (Near Limits, n = 452) or just beyond the limit and were denied terminations (Turnaways, n = 231). Groups did not differ in alcohol use before pregnancy recognition. One week after termination-seeking (Turnaways still pregnant, Near Limits not), Turnaways had lower odds of any and binge alcohol use, but did not differ on 1+ problem symptoms. Over 2.5 years, both Near Limits and Turnaways increased any and binge alcohol use, with Turnaways increasing more rapidly. The groups did not converge again on any or binge use. For Near Limits, any alcohol use surpassed the pre-pregnancy recognition level, but binge use did not. Changes in problem symptoms over time were not evident for either group. While women who had a termination were more likely to report any and binge alcohol use than women who had a child, this difference was due to a reduction in consumption among women having the child rather than an increase in consumption among women having a termination. Thus, assertions that having a termination leads women to increase alcohol use to cope with having had a termination are not supported. © The Author 2015. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  19. Meta-image navigation augmenters for GPS denied mountain navigation of small UAS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Teng; ćelik, Koray; Somani, Arun K.

    2014-06-01

    We present a novel approach to use mountain drainage patterns for GPS-Denied navigation of small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) such as the ScanEagle, utilizing a down-looking fixed focus monocular imager. Our proposal allows extension of missions to GPS-denied mountain areas, with no assumption of human-made geographic objects. We leverage the analogy between mountain drainage patterns, human arteriograms, and human fingerprints, to match local drainage patterns to Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) rendered parallax occlusion maps of geo-registered radar returns (GRRR). Details of our actual GPU algorithm is beyond the subject of this paper, and is planned as a future paper. The matching occurs in real-time, while GRRR data is loaded on-board the aircraft pre-mission, so as not to require a scanning aperture radar during the mission. For recognition purposes, we represent a given mountain area with a set of spatially distributed mountain minutiae, i.e., details found in the drainage patterns, so that conventional minutiae-based fingerprint matching approaches can be used to match real-time camera image against template images in the training set. We use medical arteriography processing techniques to extract the patterns. The minutiae-based representation of mountains is achieved by first exposing mountain ridges and valleys with a series of filters and then extracting mountain minutiae from these ridges/valleys. Our results are experimentally validated on actual terrain data and show the effectiveness of minutiae-based mountain representation method. Furthermore, we study how to select landmarks for UAS navigation based on the proposed mountain representation and give a set of examples to show its feasibility. This research was in part funded by Rockwell Collins Inc.

  20. 40 CFR 270.145 - What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.145 Section 270.145 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.145 What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? (a) The Director must: (1) Send...

  1. 40 CFR 270.140 - What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.140 Section 270.140 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.140 What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? Once the Director has...

  2. 40 CFR 270.140 - What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.140 Section 270.140 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.140 What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? Once the Director has...

  3. 40 CFR 270.145 - What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.145 Section 270.145 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.145 What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? (a) The Director must: (1) Send...

  4. 40 CFR 270.185 - For what reasons may the Director choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application? 270.185 Section 270.185 Protection of... PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified... final RAP, or deny my renewal application? The Director may terminate your final RAP on his own...

  5. 40 CFR 270.145 - What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.145 Section 270.145 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.145 What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? (a) The Director must: (1) Send...

  6. 40 CFR 270.140 - What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.140 Section 270.140 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.140 What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? Once the Director has...

  7. 40 CFR 270.145 - What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.145 Section 270.145 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.145 What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? (a) The Director must: (1) Send...

  8. 40 CFR 270.140 - What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.140 Section 270.140 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.140 What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? Once the Director has...

  9. 40 CFR 270.185 - For what reasons may the Director choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application? 270.185 Section 270.185 Protection of... PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified... final RAP, or deny my renewal application? The Director may terminate your final RAP on his own...

  10. 40 CFR 270.185 - For what reasons may the Director choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application? 270.185 Section 270.185 Protection of... PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified... final RAP, or deny my renewal application? The Director may terminate your final RAP on his own...

  11. 40 CFR 270.140 - What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? 270.140 Section 270.140 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.140 What else must the Director prepare in addition to the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny? Once the Director has...

  12. 40 CFR 270.185 - For what reasons may the Director choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application? 270.185 Section 270.185 Protection of... PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified... final RAP, or deny my renewal application? The Director may terminate your final RAP on his own...

  13. 40 CFR 270.185 - For what reasons may the Director choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... choose to terminate my final RAP, or deny my renewal application? 270.185 Section 270.185 Protection of... PROGRAMS: THE HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) How May My Rap Be Modified... final RAP, or deny my renewal application? The Director may terminate your final RAP on his own...

  14. 10 CFR 708.37 - Will an employee whose complaint is denied by a final agency decision be reimbursed for costs and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... agency decision be reimbursed for costs and expenses incurred in pursuing the complaint? 708.37 Section... and Decision Process § 708.37 Will an employee whose complaint is denied by a final agency decision be reimbursed for costs and expenses incurred in pursuing the complaint? No. If your complaint is denied by...

  15. 41 CFR 102-118.570 - If my agency denies the TSP's challenge to the statement of difference, may the TSP appeal?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TSP's challenge to the statement of difference, may the TSP appeal? 102-118.570 Section 102-118.570....570 If my agency denies the TSP's challenge to the statement of difference, may the TSP appeal? Yes, the TSP may appeal if your agency denies its challenge to the statement of difference. However,...

  16. 41 CFR 301-53.6 - Is a denied boarding benefit considered a promotional item for which I may retain compensation...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... benefit considered a promotional item for which I may retain compensation received from an airline whether....6 Is a denied boarding benefit considered a promotional item for which I may retain compensation received from an airline whether voluntary or involuntary? A denied boarding benefit (e.g., cash, free...

  17. 14 CFR 11.101 - May I ask FAA to reconsider my petition for rulemaking or petition for exemption if it is denied?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... rulemaking or petition for exemption if it is denied? 11.101 Section 11.101 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... petition for rulemaking or petition for exemption if it is denied? Yes, you may petition FAA to reconsider... petition, and FAA must receive it within 60 days after we issued the denial. For us to accept your...

  18. 17 CFR 3.60 - Procedure to deny, condition, suspend, revoke or place restrictions upon registration pursuant to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REGISTRATION Denial, Suspension or Revocation of Registration § 3.60 Procedure to deny, condition, suspend... under sections 8a(2), 8a(3), or 8a(4) of the Act, and (B) The revocation, suspension, denial or granting...) Acceptance of offer. The offer of settlement will only be deemed accepted upon issuance by the Commission of...

  19. 77 FR 74694 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From China and Vietnam; Commission Determination To Deny a Request To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Utility Scale Wind Towers From China and Vietnam; Commission Determination To Deny a Request To Hold a Portion of a Hearing in Camera AGENCY: U.S. International Trade Commission. ACTION: Commission...

  20. 78 FR 25337 - Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded Airport Construction Projects AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative... amended (49 U.S.C. 50104), the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has determined not to list any...

  1. 76 FR 24082 - Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-29

    ... STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded Airport Construction Projects AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade... 1982, as amended (49 U.S.C. 50104), the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has determined not to...

  2. 77 FR 23791 - Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-20

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Notice With Respect to List of Countries Denying Fair Market Opportunities for Government-Funded Airport Construction Projects AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative... amended (49 U.S.C. 50104), the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has determined not to list any...

  3. 43 CFR 4.1386 - Petition for temporary relief from decision; appeals from decisions granting or denying temporary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., imminent environmental harm to land, air or water resources; (3) A statement whether the petitioner... administrative law judge may hold a hearing on any issue raised by the petition within 10 days of the filing of... law judge shall issue an order or decision granting or denying the petition for temporary...

  4. 40 CFR 270.155 - May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RAP application be administratively appealed? 270.155 Section 270.155 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.155 May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed? (a) Any commenter on the draft...

  5. 40 CFR 270.155 - May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... RAP application be administratively appealed? 270.155 Section 270.155 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.155 May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed? (a) Any commenter on the draft...

  6. 40 CFR 270.155 - May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RAP application be administratively appealed? 270.155 Section 270.155 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.155 May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed? (a) Any commenter on the draft...

  7. 40 CFR 270.155 - May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... RAP application be administratively appealed? 270.155 Section 270.155 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.155 May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed? (a) Any commenter on the draft...

  8. 40 CFR 270.155 - May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... RAP application be administratively appealed? 270.155 Section 270.155 Protection of Environment... HAZARDOUS WASTE PERMIT PROGRAM Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) Getting A Rap Approved § 270.155 May the decision to approve or deny my RAP application be administratively appealed? (a) Any commenter on the draft...

  9. Embodying Art and Art History: An Experiment with a Class Video Happening for the Series "Access Denied"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cempellin, Leda

    2013-01-01

    A book written in a foreign language and migrated to the US along with its author, an art historian, finds a new communicative dimension by becoming a ready-made for art making purposes. Starting with an introduction explaining the genesis of the collaborative project "Access Denied," this article focuses on one of the series'…

  10. 32 CFR 1636.8 - Considerations relevant to granting or denying a claim for classification as a conscientious...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... claim for classification as a conscientious objector. 1636.8 Section 1636.8 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION OF CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS § 1636.8 Considerations relevant to granting or denying a claim for classification as a...

  11. Career Training Choice: Project CATCH. A Follow-up Study of Students Denied Admission to Vocational High Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perlmutter, Deborah E.

    Project CATCH assessed differences in high school performance and retention among students who applied to vocational high schools and were denied admission, those who applied and were accepted, and those who had not applied. Data were collected from 2,700 intermediate/junior high school students. Students completed a Survey of Choices--perceptions…

  12. 78 FR 32384 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Notice Denying Motion to Intervene and Rejecting Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Notice Denying Motion to Intervene..., Richland, and Saluda Counties, South Carolina.\\1\\ On May 7, 2013, Pat Kelleher filed a motion to intervene... relevant part that a motion to intervene must show in sufficient detail that the movant's participation is...

  13. 43 CFR 5.5 - When will an agency deny a permit for commercial filming or still photography?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... commercial filming or still photography? 5.5 Section 5.5 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior COMMERCIAL FILMING AND SIMILAR PROJECTS AND STILL PHOTOGRAPHY ON CERTAIN AREAS UNDER... still photography? We will deny a permit authorizing commercial filming or still photography if...

  14. 43 CFR 5.5 - When will an agency deny a permit for commercial filming or still photography?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... commercial filming or still photography? 5.5 Section 5.5 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior COMMERCIAL FILMING AND SIMILAR PROJECTS AND STILL PHOTOGRAPHY ON CERTAIN AREAS UNDER... still photography? We will deny a permit authorizing commercial filming or still photography if...

  15. 34 CFR 602.38 - Contesting the Secretary's final decision to deny, limit, suspend, or terminate an agency's...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION THE SECRETARY'S RECOGNITION OF ACCREDITING AGENCIES The Recognition Process Appeal Rights and... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contesting the Secretary's final decision to deny, limit, suspend, or terminate an agency's recognition. 602.38 Section 602.38 Education Regulations of...

  16. 34 CFR 602.38 - Contesting the Secretary's final decision to deny, limit, suspend, or terminate an agency's...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION THE SECRETARY'S RECOGNITION OF ACCREDITING AGENCIES The Recognition Process Appeal Rights and... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contesting the Secretary's final decision to deny, limit, suspend, or terminate an agency's recognition. 602.38 Section 602.38 Education Regulations of...

  17. 30 CFR 204.207 - Who will approve, deny, or modify my request for accounting and auditing relief?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for accounting and auditing relief? 204.207 Section 204.207 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT... Accounting and Auditing Relief § 204.207 Who will approve, deny, or modify my request for accounting and auditing relief? (a) If there is not a State concerned for your marginal property, only MMS will decide...

  18. 78 FR 19194 - P&P Computers, 2531 West Maryland Avenue, Tampa, FL 33629; Order Denying Export Privileges

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security P&P Computers, 2531 West Maryland Avenue, Tampa, FL 33629; Order Denying... Division, P&P Computers (``P&P'') was convicted of violating the International Emergency Economic Powers... IEEPA and the Iranian Transactions Regulations by exporting computer and related equipment from the...

  19. Discovery of Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermuller) in California: an invasive species new to North America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The European grape berry moth, Lobesia botrana (Denis and Schiffermüller), is one of the most destructive pests of grapes in the Palearctic Region. Larvae feed on the fruit, causing direct damage and promoting secondary infection by Botrytis cinerea Persoon (botrytis bunch rot or gray mold). On 15 S...

  20. The Disillusionment of Students Denied Admission to a Preferred Major Viewed from the Perspective of a Psychological Theory of Alienation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Clifton E.

    2014-01-01

    Why students respond differently when they are denied admission to a preferred academic major may be explained using a psychological theory of alienation. Using this theoretical perspective, three trajectories producing feelings of alienation are presented. The most intense of these trajectories, the process of disillusionment, is examined using a…

  1. 41 CFR 105-64.504 - Under what conditions will I be denied an accounting of disclosures?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Under what conditions will I be denied an accounting of disclosures? 105-64.504 Section 105-64.504 Public Contracts and... or employees in the performance of their duties or disclosures under the Freedom of Information Act...

  2. 30 CFR 1204.207 - Who will approve, deny, or modify my request for accounting and auditing relief?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for accounting and auditing relief? 1204.207 Section 1204.207 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE... MARGINAL PROPERTIES Accounting and Auditing Relief § 1204.207 Who will approve, deny, or modify my request for accounting and auditing relief? (a) If there is not a State concerned for your marginal property...

  3. 30 CFR 204.6 - May I appeal if MMS denies my request for prepayment or other relief?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I appeal if MMS denies my request for prepayment or other relief? 204.6 Section 204.6 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES FOR MARGINAL PROPERTIES General Provisions § 204...

  4. 26 CFR 1.547-5 - Deduction denied in case of fraud or wilful failure to file timely return.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... failure to file timely return. 1.547-5 Section 1.547-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Companies § 1.547-5 Deduction denied in case of fraud or wilful failure to file timely return. No deduction for deficiency dividends shall be allowed under section 547(a) if the determination contains a finding...

  5. The Effect of Laser Panretinal Photocoagulation on Diabetic Macular Edema Using the Pascal® Photocoagulator versus the Conventional Argon Laser Photocoagulator.

    PubMed

    Mahgoub, Mohamed M; Macky, Tamer A

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of panretinal photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) on diabetic macular edema (DME) using a Pascal® Photocoagulator (PP) or a conventional argon laser photocoagulator (CALP). Eighty eyes with PDR and center-involving DME were randomized to PP or CALP. Both groups had baseline assessment of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and were examined with optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography. The mean number of laser shots for the PP and CALP groups was 1,726.10 and 752.00 at session 1 and 1,589.00 and 830.00 (p < 0.001) at session 2, respectively. The mean central foveal thickness (CFT) at baseline was 306 ± 100 and 314 ± 98 for the PP and CALP groups, respectively. At 8 weeks, the mean CFT was 332 ± 116 and 347 ± 111 for the PP and CALP groups, respectively (p > 0.05). The mean BCVA was similar during the study period with no significant difference between the groups (p > 0.05). PP and CALP had similar effects on DME in PDR eyes and were equally safe with no significant increase in CFT. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  6. An exploratory study of what happens to women who are denied abortions in Cape Town, South Africa.

    PubMed

    Harries, Jane; Gerdts, Caitlin; Momberg, Mariette; Greene Foster, Diana

    2015-03-21

    Despite the change in legal status of abortion in South Africa in 1996, barriers to access remain. Stigma associated with abortion provision and care, privacy concerns, and negative provider attitudes often discourage women from seeking legal abortion services and sometimes force women outside of the legal system. What happens when women present for abortion at a designated abortion facility and are denied abortions due to gestational limits or other factors-is unknown. Whether women seek care at referral facilities, seek illegal abortion, or carry pregnancies to term has never been documented. This study, part of a multi-country Global Turnaway Study, explored the experiences of women after denial of legal abortion services. Qualitative research methods were used to collect data at two non-governmental organization health care facilities providing abortion services. In depth interviews were held with women 2 to 3 months after they were denied an abortion. Data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The most common reason for being turned away was due to gestational age over 12 weeks with some women denied abortions that day because they did not have enough money to pay for the procedure. Almost all women were extremely upset at being denied an abortion on the day that they visited the health care facility. Some women were so distressed that they openly discussed the option of seeking an illegal provider or exploring the possibility of securing another health care professional who would assist them. Despite South Africa's liberal abortion law and the relatively widespread availability of abortion services in urban settings, women in South Africa are denied abortion services largely due to being beyond the legal limits to obtain an abortion. A high proportion of women who were initially denied an abortion at legal facilities went on to seek options for pregnancy termination outside of the legal system through internet searches--some of which could have

  7. Autocalibrating vision guided navigation of unmanned air vehicles via tactical monocular cameras in GPS denied environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Celik, Koray

    This thesis presents a novel robotic navigation strategy by using a conventional tactical monocular camera, proving the feasibility of using a monocular camera as the sole proximity sensing, object avoidance, mapping, and path-planning mechanism to fly and navigate small to medium scale unmanned rotary-wing aircraft in an autonomous manner. The range measurement strategy is scalable, self-calibrating, indoor-outdoor capable, and has been biologically inspired by the key adaptive mechanisms for depth perception and pattern recognition found in humans and intelligent animals (particularly bats), designed to assume operations in previously unknown, GPS-denied environments. It proposes novel electronics, aircraft, aircraft systems, systems, and procedures and algorithms that come together to form airborne systems which measure absolute ranges from a monocular camera via passive photometry, mimicking that of a human-pilot like judgement. The research is intended to bridge the gap between practical GPS coverage and precision localization and mapping problem in a small aircraft. In the context of this study, several robotic platforms, airborne and ground alike, have been developed, some of which have been integrated in real-life field trials, for experimental validation. Albeit the emphasis on miniature robotic aircraft this research has been tested and found compatible with tactical vests and helmets, and it can be used to augment the reliability of many other types of proximity sensors.

  8. Fusion of inertial, optical flow, and airspeed measurements for UAV navigation in GPS-denied environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soloviev, Andrey; Rutkowski, Adam J.

    2009-05-01

    This paper describes the data fusion approach that is developed for navigation of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for those applications where the Global Positioning System (GPS) signals are denied. Example scenarios include navigation under interference and jamming and urban navigation missions. The system architecture is biologically inspired and exploits measurements that are utilized by flying insects for self-localization purposes. The data fusion algorithm implements the Kalman filter mechanization that fuses INS data (position velocity and attitude), optical flow data from a monocular downward looking visual system (scaled body-frame vehicle velocity components), and compass measurements (azimuth angle). Kalman filter measurement observables are formulated in a complimentary form, i.e., as differences between optical flow/compass measurements and INS states that are projected into the measurement domain. The filter estimates inertial error states and error in the flight height. We present the navigation solution architecture and demonstrate its feasibility using simulations and actual data experiments. Also, we compare our results to a data fusion algorithm that fuses airspeed and optical flow measurements.

  9. LiDAR Scan Matching Aided Inertial Navigation System in GNSS-Denied Environments.

    PubMed

    Tang, Jian; Chen, Yuwei; Niu, Xiaoji; Wang, Li; Chen, Liang; Liu, Jingbin; Shi, Chuang; Hyyppä, Juha

    2015-07-10

    A new scan that matches an aided Inertial Navigation System (INS) with a low-cost LiDAR is proposed as an alternative to GNSS-based navigation systems in GNSS-degraded or -denied environments such as indoor areas, dense forests, or urban canyons. In these areas, INS-based Dead Reckoning (DR) and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) technologies are normally used to estimate positions as separate tools. However, there are critical implementation problems with each standalone system. The drift errors of velocity, position, and heading angles in an INS will accumulate over time, and on-line calibration is a must for sustaining positioning accuracy. SLAM performance is poor in featureless environments where the matching errors can significantly increase. Each standalone positioning method cannot offer a sustainable navigation solution with acceptable accuracy. This paper integrates two complementary technologies-INS and LiDAR SLAM-into one navigation frame with a loosely coupled Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) to use the advantages and overcome the drawbacks of each system to establish a stable long-term navigation process. Static and dynamic field tests were carried out with a self-developed Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) platform-NAVIS. The results prove that the proposed approach can provide positioning accuracy at the centimetre level for long-term operations, even in a featureless indoor environment.

  10. "Not one of us": predictors and consequences of denying ingroup characteristics to ambiguous targets.

    PubMed

    Kteily, Nour; Cotterill, Sarah; Sidanius, Jim; Sheehy-Skeffington, Jennifer; Bergh, Robin

    2014-10-01

    We investigated individual difference predictors of ascribing ingroup characteristics to negative and positive ambiguous targets. Studies 1 and 2 investigated events involving negative targets whose status as racial (Tsarnaev brothers) or national (Woolwich attackers) ingroup members remained ambiguous. Immediately following the attacks, we presented White Americans and British individuals with the suspects' images. Those higher in social dominance orientation (SDO) and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA)-concerned with enforcing status boundaries and adherence to ingroup norms, respectively-perceived these low status and low conformity suspects as looking less White and less British, thus denying them ingroup characteristics. Perceiving suspects in more exclusionary terms increased support for treating them harshly, and for militaristic counter-terrorism policies prioritizing ingroup safety over outgroup harm. Studies 3 and 4 experimentally manipulated a racially ambiguous target's status and conformity. Results suggested that target status and conformity critically influence SDO's (status) and RWA's (conformity) effects on inclusionary versus exclusionary perceptions. © 2014 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  11. A pose estimation method for unmanned ground vehicles in GPS denied environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamjidi, Amirhossein; Ye, Cang

    2012-06-01

    This paper presents a pose estimation method based on the 1-Point RANSAC EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) framework. The method fuses the depth data from a LIDAR and the visual data from a monocular camera to estimate the pose of a Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) in a GPS denied environment. Its estimation framework continuy updates the vehicle's 6D pose state and temporary estimates of the extracted visual features' 3D positions. In contrast to the conventional EKF-SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) frameworks, the proposed method discards feature estimates from the extended state vector once they are no longer observed for several steps. As a result, the extended state vector always maintains a reasonable size that is suitable for online calculation. The fusion of laser and visual data is performed both in the feature initialization part of the EKF-SLAM process and in the motion prediction stage. A RANSAC pose calculation procedure is devised to produce pose estimate for the motion model. The proposed method has been successfully tested on the Ford campus's LIDAR-Vision dataset. The results are compared with the ground truth data of the dataset and the estimation error is ~1.9% of the path length.

  12. LiDAR Scan Matching Aided Inertial Navigation System in GNSS-Denied Environments

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Jian; Chen, Yuwei; Niu, Xiaoji; Wang, Li; Chen, Liang; Liu, Jingbin; Shi, Chuang; Hyyppä, Juha

    2015-01-01

    A new scan that matches an aided Inertial Navigation System (INS) with a low-cost LiDAR is proposed as an alternative to GNSS-based navigation systems in GNSS-degraded or -denied environments such as indoor areas, dense forests, or urban canyons. In these areas, INS-based Dead Reckoning (DR) and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) technologies are normally used to estimate positions as separate tools. However, there are critical implementation problems with each standalone system. The drift errors of velocity, position, and heading angles in an INS will accumulate over time, and on-line calibration is a must for sustaining positioning accuracy. SLAM performance is poor in featureless environments where the matching errors can significantly increase. Each standalone positioning method cannot offer a sustainable navigation solution with acceptable accuracy. This paper integrates two complementary technologies—INS and LiDAR SLAM—into one navigation frame with a loosely coupled Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) to use the advantages and overcome the drawbacks of each system to establish a stable long-term navigation process. Static and dynamic field tests were carried out with a self-developed Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) platform—NAVIS. The results prove that the proposed approach can provide positioning accuracy at the centimetre level for long-term operations, even in a featureless indoor environment. PMID:26184206

  13. On pendulums and air resistance. The mathematics and physics of Denis Diderot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dahmen, Sílvio R.

    2015-09-01

    In this article Denis Diderot's Fifth Memoir of 1748 on the problem of a pendulum damped by air resistance is discussed in its historical as well as mathematical aspects. Diderot wrote the Memoir in order to clarify an assumption Newton made without further justification in the first pages of the Principia in connection with an experiment to verify the Third Law of Motion using colliding pendulums. To explain the differences between experimental and theoretical values, Newton assumed the bob was traversed. By giving Newton's arguments a mathematical scaffolding and recasting his geometrical reasoning in the language of differential calculus, Diderot provided a step-by-step solution guide to the problem. He also showed that Newton's assumption was equivalent to having assumed F R proportional the bob's velocity v, when in fact he believed it should be replaced by F R ˜ v 2. His solution is presented in full detail and his results are compared to those obtained from a Lindstedt-Poincaré approximation for an oscillator with quadratic damping. It is shown that, up to a prefactor, both results coincide. Some results that follow from his approach are presented and discussed for the first time. Experimental evidence to support Diderot's or Newton's claims is discussed together with the limitations of their solutions. Some misprints in the original memoir are pointed out.

  14. From Denis Burkitt to Dar es Salaam. What happened next in East Africa?--Tanzania's story.

    PubMed

    Scanlan, Trish; Kaijage, Jane

    2012-03-01

    East Africa was at the forefront of early achievements and discoveries in paediatric oncology thanks to Denis Burkitt's seminal work. Although these successes have been built upon and continued elsewhere, they were sadly not sustained in sub-Saharan Africa for a variety of reasons. In recent years however this situation is slowly changing in countries across the continent. Tanzania is one such African country. Until very recently, survival rates of 5-10% for all children's cancers were expected. However, change has been brought about thanks to the combined efforts and commitments of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health, non-governmental organizations--such as The International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research, and Children in Crossfire-- and the participation of the private sector. Services are rapidly developing and outcomes are continuing to improve with 1-year survival rates of approximately 60% achieved. Efforts to maintain this early progress are concentrated around providing high quality local subspecialty medical training and continued local ownership of the programme.

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: DENIS Catalogue toward Magellanic Clouds (DCMC) (Cioni+ 2000)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cioni, M.-R.; Loup, C.; Habing, H. J.; Fouque, P.; Bertin, E.; Deul, E.; Egret, D.; Alard, C.; de Batz, B.; Borsenberger, J.; Dennefeld, M.; Epchtein, N.; Forveille, T.; Garzon, F.; Hron, J.; Kimeswenger, S.; Lacombe, F.; Le Bertre, T.; Mamon, G. A.; Omont, A.; Paturel, G.; Persi, P.; Robin, A.; Rouan, D.; Simon, G.; Tiphene, D.; Vauglin, I.; Wagner, S.

    2000-06-01

    This is the first version of a complete near-IR point source catalogue towards the Magellanic Clouds extracted from the data obtained with the DEep Near Infraread Survey of the Southern Sky (DENIS). The catalogue covers an area of 19.87x16 square degrees centered on (05:27:20-69:00:00) for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), and 14.7x10 square degrees centered on (01:02:40-73:00:00) for the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). It contains the sources detected in at least 2 of the 3 photometric bands I (Gunn-i centered at 0.8μm), J (centered at 1.25μm), and Ks (centered at 2.15μm). The spatial resolution is 1" in I and 3" in the J and K bands, and the limiting magnitudes are I=18, J=16 and Ks=14. 70% of the detected sources are real members of the Magellanic Clouds, and consist mainly of red giants, asymptotic giant branch stars and supergiants. (9 data files).

  16. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals' psychological reactions to amendments denying access to civil marriage.

    PubMed

    Rostosky, Sharon Scales; Riggle, Ellen D B; Horne, Sharon G; Denton, F Nicholas; Huellemeier, Julia Darnell

    2010-07-01

    Political campaigns to deny same-sex couples the right to civil marriage have been demonstrated to increase minority stress and psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals (S. S. Rostosky, E. D. B. Riggle, S. G. Horne, & A. D. Miller, 2009). To further explicate the psychological reactions of LGB individuals to marriage amendment campaigns, a content analysis was conducted of open-ended responses from 300 participants in a national online survey that was conducted immediately following the November 2006 election. LGB individuals indicated that they felt indignant about discrimination; distressed by the negative rhetoric surrounding the campaigns; fearful and anxious about protecting their relationships and families; blaming of institutionalized religion, ignorance, conservative politicians, and the ineffective political strategies used by LGBT organizers; hopeless and resigned; and, finally, hopeful, optimistic, and determined to keep fighting for justice and equal rights. These 7 themes are illustrated and discussed in light of their implications for conceptualizing and intervening to address discrimination and its negative psychological effects.

  17. When doctors deny drugs: Sexism and contraception access in the medical field.

    PubMed

    Delston, J B

    2017-08-29

    Politicians, employers, courts, and health insurance companies are often discussed as problematically preventing access to birth control. However, doctors have more direct control over women's health and quietly have been much more effective at preventing patients' access to contraception. Obstetrician/Gynecologists routinely deny their patients access to contraception ostensibly in the name of health by withholding birth control until patients undergo yearly pap smears. I argue that those in the medical field are motivated by similarly sexist concerns as those in other major institutions in the United States, but that they are often overlooked in discussions of biomedical ethics. After providing background, I argue that using birth control as a bargaining chip to control patients is morally impermissible, is paternalistic, and is contrary to consent. I next argue that sexism explains, though does not justify, this practice. I discuss the medical harms of routine pap smears and withholding birth control. These claims make medical malpractice likely. Withholding birth control to coerce individuals seeking medical care is medical malpractice, paternalistic, violates autonomy, and is contrary to consent. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Pulmonary dysplasia, Denys-Drash syndrome and Wilms tumor 1 gene mutation in twins.

    PubMed

    Dharnidharka, V R; Ruteshouser, E C; Rosen, S; Kozakewich, H; Harris, H W; Herrin, J T; Huff, V

    2001-03-01

    While a genetic basis for the association of developmental lung and kidney defects has been suspected, the involvement of specific genes in this process is under active investigation. We report such a possible genetic linkage present in identical twins with a mutant Wilms tumor (WT1) gene. Twin girls, born at 35 weeks gestation, manifested symptoms of congenital nephrotic syndrome, renal failure, and severe respiratory abnormalities refractory to assisted ventilation. Both died at 1 month of age. Renal biopsies and autopsy kidney tissue from both the girls revealed diffuse mesangial sclerosis (DMS). Autopsy lung tissue revealed pulmonary dysplasia and hypoplasia in both twins. The WT1 gene from renal tissue in both twins was analyzed for mutations using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and the single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique. Both twins possessed an identical missense mutation in exon 8 of the WT1 gene, resulting in replacement of arginine by histidine at amino acid 366 (arg366his) in the WTI protein. This mutation has previously been described in Denys-Drash syndrome. The WT1 gene plays a role in mesenchymal epithelial (ME) interactions in the developing urogenital system, and possibly has a similar role during lung morphogenesis. We propose that this WT1 gene mutation contributes to both DMS and developmental pulmonary abnormalities by altering ME interactions in both organs.

  19. Designing 'older' rather than denying ageing: problematizing anti-ageing discourse in relation to cosmetic surgery undertaken by older people.

    PubMed

    Garnham, Bridget

    2013-01-01

    This paper problematizes anti-ageing discourse and interpretations that cosmetic surgery is an ageist practice and older people who undergo cosmetic surgery are denying ageing. It argues that conceptions of cosmetic surgery as anti-ageing are premised on an essentialist conception of the 'naturally ageing body'. Interview data and media texts are used to demonstrate how, through the notion of "re" suggested by terms such as rejuvenation, reversal and renewal, anti-ageing discourses inscribe 'ageing' in the practice of cosmetic surgery by older people. The oppressive interpretation that older people who undergo cosmetic surgery are 'denying ageing,' and associated subjection to moral critique, are effects of this discourse. To counter interpretations of cosmetic surgery as 'anti-ageing', the paper takes up the idea that cosmetic surgery is undertaken to look better not younger. To advance this argument, the paper suggests that the forms of rationality associated with cosmetic surgery constitute a contemporary regimen of 'care of the self' which enable ethical agency and creative self-stylisation. Through this framework cosmetic surgery can be re-imagined as a practice for designing 'older' rather than denying ageing.

  20. Correlated-Data Fusion and Cooperative Aiding in GNSS-Stressed or Denied Environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mokhtarzadeh, Hamid

    A growing number of applications require continuous and reliable estimates of position, velocity, and orientation. Price requirements alone disqualify most traditional navigation or tactical-grade sensors and thus navigation systems based on automotive or consumer-grade sensors aided by Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), like the Global Positioning System (GPS), have gained popularity. The heavy reliance on GPS in these navigation systems is a point of concern and has created interest in alternative or back-up navigation systems to enable robust navigation through GPS-denied or stressed environments. This work takes advantage of current trends for increased sensing capabilities coupled with multilayer connectivity to propose a cooperative navigation-based aiding system as a means to limit dead reckoning error growth in the absence of absolute measurements like GPS. Each vehicle carries a dead reckoning navigation system which is aided by relative measurements, like range, to neighboring vehicles together with information sharing. Detailed architectures and concepts of operation are described for three specific applications: commercial aviation, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), and automotive applications. Both centralized and decentralized implementations of cooperative navigation-based aiding systems are described. The centralized system is based on a single Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). A decentralized implementation suited for applications with very limited communication bandwidth is discussed in detail. The presence of unknown correlation between the a priori state and measurement errors makes the standard Kalman filter unsuitable. Two existing estimators for handling this unknown correlation are Covariance Intersection (CI) and Bounded Covariance Inflation (BCInf) filters. A CI-based decentralized estimator suitable for decentralized cooperative navigation implementation is proposed. A unified derivation is presented for the Kalman filter, CI filter

  1. Magnetometer-enhanced personal locator for tunnels and GPS-denied outdoor environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwanmuang, Surat; Ojeda, Lauro; Borenstein, Johann

    2011-06-01

    This paper describes recent advances with our earlier developed Personal Dead-reckoning (PDR) system for GPS-denied environments. The PDR system uses a foot-mounted Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) that also houses a three axismagnetometer. In earlier work we developed methods for correcting the drift errors in the accelerometers, thereby allowing very accurate measurements of distance traveled. In addition, we developed a powerful heuristic method for correcting heading errors caused by gyro drift. The heuristics exploit the rectilinear features found in almost all manmade structures and therefore limit this technology to indoor use only. Most recently we integrated a three-axis magnetometer with the IMU, using a Kalman Filter. While it is well known that the ubiquitous magnetic disturbances found in most modern buildings render magnetometers almost completely useless indoors, these sensors are nonetheless very effective in pristine outdoor environments as well as in some tunnels and caves. The present paper describes the integrated magnetometer/IMU system and presents detailed experimental results. Specifically, the paper reports results of an objective test conducted by Firefighters of California's CAL-FIRE. In this particular test, two firefighters in full operational gear and one civilian hiked up a two-mile long mountain trail over rocky, sometimes steeply inclined terrain, each wearing one of our magnetometer-enhanced PDR systems but not using any GPS. During the hour-long hike the average position error was about 20 meters and the maximum error was less than 45 meters, which is about 1.4% of distance traveled for all three PDR systems.

  2. Underwater Glider Terrain Relative Navigation for use in Surface Denied Regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Claus, B.; Bachmayer, R.

    2016-02-01

    Autonomous underwater gliders have proven their utility to gather a wide range of measurements in a challenging environment. Their increasing adoption rates by scientific institutions and government organizations globally are a testament to this fact. However, operational gaps still exist in regions where surface access is denied due the inability of the vehicle to surface and acquire GPS updates to reduce the error of the localization estimates.Prior work by the authors has derived a terrain aided navigation algorithm developed for a Slocum Electric underwater glider. The algorithm makes use of the vehicle's dead-reckoned navigation solution, onboard altimeter and a local digital elevation model (DEM) to compute bounded location estimates independent of surface access. An evaluation of the method was performed through post-processing location estimates from 12 km of field trials in 2010 and 91 km of trials in 2012 which took place in the glacial fjord of Holyrood Arm, Newfoundland, overlapping a previously collected DEM. These results suggested the ability of the algorithm to maintain bounded error location estimates with a RMS error of 33 meters in the 2010 trials and 50 meters in the 2012 trials. These errors are contrasted with a dead-reckoned error of 900 meters in the 2010 trials and 5.5 km in the 2012 trials. These trials were followed by online open loop location estimates in 2014 for which RMS errors of 76 and 32 meters were obtained during two, hour long trials. The dead-reckoned error for these same trials was 190 meters and 90 meters respectively.The preliminary results of this method are promising but have been limited to a single region. To extend the methodology this work examines the suitability of other applicable ice covered regions such as the Antarctic as well as high ship traffic areas such as the Gulf of Mexico through archived glider data. Additional future areas of application include the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas and Davis strait.

  3. Enabling UAV Navigation with Sensor and Environmental Uncertainty in Cluttered and GPS-Denied Environments

    PubMed Central

    Vanegas, Fernando; Gonzalez, Felipe

    2016-01-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) can navigate with low risk in obstacle-free environments using ground control stations that plan a series of GPS waypoints as a path to follow. This GPS waypoint navigation does however become dangerous in environments where the GPS signal is faulty or is only present in some places and when the airspace is filled with obstacles. UAV navigation then becomes challenging because the UAV uses other sensors, which in turn generate uncertainty about its localisation and motion systems, especially if the UAV is a low cost platform. Additional uncertainty affects the mission when the UAV goal location is only partially known and can only be discovered by exploring and detecting a target. This navigation problem is established in this research as a Partially-Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP), so as to produce a policy that maps a set of motion commands to belief states and observations. The policy is calculated and updated on-line while flying with a newly-developed system for UAV Uncertainty-Based Navigation (UBNAV), to navigate in cluttered and GPS-denied environments using observations and executing motion commands instead of waypoints. Experimental results in both simulation and real flight tests show that the UAV finds a path on-line to a region where it can explore and detect a target without colliding with obstacles. UBNAV provides a new method and an enabling technology for scientists to implement and test UAV navigation missions with uncertainty where targets must be detected using on-line POMDP in real flight scenarios. PMID:27171096

  4. Enabling UAV Navigation with Sensor and Environmental Uncertainty in Cluttered and GPS-Denied Environments.

    PubMed

    Vanegas, Fernando; Gonzalez, Felipe

    2016-05-10

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) can navigate with low risk in obstacle-free environments using ground control stations that plan a series of GPS waypoints as a path to follow. This GPS waypoint navigation does however become dangerous in environments where the GPS signal is faulty or is only present in some places and when the airspace is filled with obstacles. UAV navigation then becomes challenging because the UAV uses other sensors, which in turn generate uncertainty about its localisation and motion systems, especially if the UAV is a low cost platform. Additional uncertainty affects the mission when the UAV goal location is only partially known and can only be discovered by exploring and detecting a target. This navigation problem is established in this research as a Partially-Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP), so as to produce a policy that maps a set of motion commands to belief states and observations. The policy is calculated and updated on-line while flying with a newly-developed system for UAV Uncertainty-Based Navigation (UBNAV), to navigate in cluttered and GPS-denied environments using observations and executing motion commands instead of waypoints. Experimental results in both simulation and real flight tests show that the UAV finds a path on-line to a region where it can explore and detect a target without colliding with obstacles. UBNAV provides a new method and an enabling technology for scientists to implement and test UAV navigation missions with uncertainty where targets must be detected using on-line POMDP in real flight scenarios.

  5. 41 CFR 301-10.116 - What must I do with compensation an airline gives me if it denies me a seat on a plane?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must I do with compensation an airline gives me if it denies me a seat on a plane? 301-10.116 Section 301-10.116 Public... Fares § 301-10.116 What must I do with compensation an airline gives me if it denies me a seat on a...

  6. 12 CFR 340.5 - Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller-financing under this regulation? 340.5 Section 340.5 Banks and... SALE OF ASSETS BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION § 340.5 Can the FDIC deny a loan to a...

  7. 12 CFR 340.5 - Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller-financing under this regulation? 340.5 Section 340.5 Banks and... SALE OF ASSETS BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION § 340.5 Can the FDIC deny a loan to a...

  8. 12 CFR 340.5 - Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller-financing under this regulation? 340.5 Section 340.5 Banks and... SALE OF ASSETS BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION § 340.5 Can the FDIC deny a loan to a...

  9. 12 CFR 340.5 - Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller-financing under this regulation? 340.5 Section 340.5 Banks and... SALE OF ASSETS BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION § 340.5 Can the FDIC deny a loan to a...

  10. 12 CFR 340.5 - Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Can the FDIC deny a loan to a buyer who is not disqualified from purchasing assets using seller-financing under this regulation? 340.5 Section 340.5 Banks and... SALE OF ASSETS BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION § 340.5 Can the FDIC deny a loan to a...

  11. The evolutionary biology of cryptic pregnancy: A re-appraisal of the "denied pregnancy" phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Del Giudice, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Previous research on 'denied pregnancy', i.e. lack of subjective awareness of pregnancy until the end of gestation in pregnant women, is reviewed and reinterpreted in an evolutionary biological framework. Recent epidemiological studies show that this condition has a much higher incidence than previously thought (about 1:475). Very often, bodily symptoms of pregnancy (nausea, amenorrhea and abdomen swelling) are absent or greatly reduced, and neonates tend to be underweight; in many cases, pregnancy goes undetected also by relatives and physicians. Current explanations in the clinical literature are based on psychodynamic hypotheses about pregnancy-related unconscious conflicts; the lack of symptoms is accounted for by 'somatic denial'. I argue that such psychodynamic accounts are misguided for two reasons: (1) they rest on a failure to recognize the active biological role of the fetus in determining the course of pregnancy, and (2) they ignore the many levels of mother-fetus conflict over resource allocation described by biological theories of parent-offspring conflict. Here I propose to redefine this condition as 'cryptic pregnancy', and begin to explore its possible physiological correlates and evolutionary significance. In the light of parent-offspring conflict theory, cryptic pregnancy appears to reduce the costs of pregnancy, both energetic and ecological (mobility, dependence on kin/mate, etc.), thus favoring the mother at the expense of the fetus. Reduced hCG production and/or effectiveness is likely to be involved in the process. I propose and discuss three nonexclusive evolutionary hypotheses to account for this phenomenon: (1) cryptic pregnancy could be a nonadaptive outcome of conflict resolution processes over resource allocation in pregnancy, possibly related to minor disruptions of genomic imprinting mechanisms. (2) Cryptic pregnancy could result from missed spontaneous abortions of low-quality fetuses. (3) Finally, cryptic pregnancy could be an

  12. Moderators and mediators of the relationship between receiving versus being denied a pregnancy termination and subsequent binge drinking

    PubMed Central

    Roberts, S.C.M; Subbaraman, MS; Delucchi, K; Wilsnack, SC; Foster, DG

    2015-01-01

    Background Women who terminate pregnancies drink more subsequent to the pregnancy than women who give birth, including women who give birth after seeking to terminate a pregnancy. Methods Data are from the Turnaway Study, a prospective, longitudinal study of 956 women who sought to terminate pregnancies at 30 U.S. facilities. This paper focuses on the 452 women who received terminations just below facility gestational limits and 231 who were denied terminations because they presented just beyond facility gestational limits. This study examined whether baseline characteristics moderate the relationship between termination and subsequent binge drinking and whether stress, feelings about the pregnancy, and number of social roles mediate the relationship. Results Only having had a previous live birth modified the termination-binge drinking relationship. Among women with previous live births, binge drinking was reduced among women carrying to term compared to terminating the pregnancy. Among women who had not had a previous live birth, however, the reduction in binge drinking among those denied termination was not sustained over time, and binge drinking of those who had and had not had terminations converged by 2.5 years. Neither stress, negative emotions, nor social roles mediated effects on binge drinking. Positive emotions at one week mediated effects on binge drinking at six months, although positive emotions at two years did not mediate effects on binge drinking at 2.5 years. Conclusions Higher levels of binge drinking among those who terminate pregnancies do not appear due to stress or to negative emotions. Only parous women – and not nulliparous women – denied terminations experienced sustained reductions in binge drinking over time. PMID:26747416

  13. Pascal Polynomials Over GF(2)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    stream output from both registers is identical at certain offsets, the Fibonacci register is computationally more efficient at producing the m- sequence ...5 3. Fibonacci LFSR for f(x) = x7 + x3 + x2 + x+ 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4. Galois LFSR for f(x) = x7 + x3 + x2 + x+ 1...generation is via a maximum period Linear-Feedback Shift Register (LFSR). The authoritative source on the topic is Shift Register Sequences by Solomon W

  14. Diamagnetic Corrections and Pascal's Constants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bain, Gordon A.; Berry, John F.

    2008-01-01

    Measured magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic substances must typically be corrected for their underlying diamagnetism. This correction is often accomplished by using tabulated values for the diamagnetism of atoms, ions, or whole molecules. These tabulated values can be problematic since many sources contain incomplete and conflicting data.…

  15. Diamagnetic Corrections and Pascal's Constants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bain, Gordon A.; Berry, John F.

    2008-01-01

    Measured magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic substances must typically be corrected for their underlying diamagnetism. This correction is often accomplished by using tabulated values for the diamagnetism of atoms, ions, or whole molecules. These tabulated values can be problematic since many sources contain incomplete and conflicting data.…

  16. Pascal Statistical Procedures Package (PSPP).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    microcomputer center and as a research tool for users to do a ’ball-park’ analysis of a data base. Included in the package are procedures to handle data base...Issue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Research Question . . . . a . . . . . . . . . 1 Objectives of the Research . . . . . . . . . . 2 Specific Objectives... Research . . . . . . . 12 Appendix A: (User’s Guide) .............. 14 Introduction . . . . . 17 Data Manipulation Module. . . . . . . . . . . 21

  17. The impact of denying a direct-to-consumer advertised drug request on the patient/physician relationship.

    PubMed

    Blose, Julia E; Mack, Rhonda W

    2009-01-01

    Using a scenario-based approach, an experiment is conducted to test whether the decision a physician makes to deny a prescription request (when a patient has requested a drug he or she has seen in a direct-to-consumer [DTC] ad) significantly impacts patient outcomes such as patient satisfaction and compliance intentions. The results suggest physicians can expect patient response to the denial of such a request to vary by the patient's gender in addition to the criticality of the condition being treated. The results also suggest, when treating less critical conditions, a physician can mitigate the negative effects of a denial with relatively little additional effort.

  18. [Obstetric and neonatal outcomes of adolescent pregnancies: a cohort study in a hospital in Seine-Saint-Denis France].

    PubMed

    Debras, E; Revaux, A; Bricou, A; Laas, E; Tigaizin, A; Benbara, A; Carbillon, L

    2014-09-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics, monitoring, obstetrical complications, childbirth and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies among minors in a cohort of adolescents from Seine-Saint-Denis (France). This is a retrospective, cohort, comparative study, conducted from January 1, 1996 to July 31, 2011, made from the database of Jean-Verdier hospital in Seine-Saint-Denis. Three groups were established: patients aged less than 16 years old, patients aged over 16 years old and under 18 years old compared to a group consisting of older primiparas from 18 to 25 years old. The criteria considered were the characteristics of pregnancy, terms of delivery, neonatal outcome and conduct of post-partum. Minor patients were statistically more likely to be single, student, smoking and anemia compared to young adults. The obstetrical care was lower for minor compared to the control group with a number of consultations and ultrasounds lower (P < 0.001). Obstetrical complications were similar in the three groups outside of preterm labor. Adolescentes under 16 years old had a higher preterm delivery risk in multivariate analysis (RR = 0.33 CI 95% [0.12; 0.90] P = 0.03). Adolescents had fewer cesarean and instrumental deliveries (P < 0.05). Teenage pregnancy remains an important managing issue for maternities, particularly from a social standpoint. On the medical side, one preterm delivery appears to be more common among these adolescents. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Map matching and heuristic elimination of gyro drift for personal navigation systems in GPS-denied conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aggarwal, Priyanka; Thomas, David; Ojeda, Lauro; Borenstein, Johann

    2011-02-01

    This paper introduces a method for the substantial reduction of heading errors in inertial navigation systems used under GPS-denied conditions. Presumably, the method is applicable for both vehicle-based and personal navigation systems, but experiments were performed only with a personal navigation system called 'personal dead reckoning' (PDR). In order to work under GPS-denied conditions, the PDR system uses a foot-mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU). However, gyro drift in this IMU can cause large heading errors after just a few minutes of walking. To reduce these errors, the map-matched heuristic drift elimination (MAPHDE) method was developed, which estimates gyro drift errors by comparing IMU-derived heading to the direction of the nearest street segment in a database of street maps. A heuristic component in this method provides tolerance to short deviations from walking along the street, such as when crossing streets or intersections. MAPHDE keeps heading errors almost at zero, and, as a result, position errors are dramatically reduced. In this paper, MAPHDE was used in a variety of outdoor walks, without any use of GPS. This paper explains the MAPHDE method in detail and presents experimental results.

  20. What happens when the doctor denies a patient's request? A qualitative interview study among general practitioners in Norway.

    PubMed

    Nilsen, Stein; Malterud, Kirsti

    2017-06-01

    To explore general practitioners (GPs') experiences from consultations when a patient's request is denied, and outcomes of such incidents. We conducted a qualitative study with semi-structured individual interviews with six GPs in Norway. We asked them to tell about experiences from specific encounters where they had refused a patient's request. The texts were analysed with Systematic Text Condensation, a method for thematic cross-case analysis. Accounts of experiences from consultations when GPs refused their patients' requests. Subjects of dispute included clinical topics like investigation and treatment, certification regarding welfare benefits and medico-legal issues, and administrative matters. The arguments took different paths, sometimes settled by reaching common ground but more often as unresolved disagreement with anger or irritation from the patient, sometimes with open hostility and violence. The aftermath and outcomes of these disputes lead to strong emotional impact where the doctors reflected upon the incidents and sometimes regretted their handling of the consultation. Some long-standing and close patient-doctor relationships were injured or came to an end. The price for denying a patient's request may be high, and GPs find themselves uncomfortable in such encounters. Skills pertaining to this particular challenge could be improved though education and training, drawing attention to negotiation of potential conflicts. Also, the notion that doctors have a professional commitment to his or her own autonomy and to society should be restored, through increased emphasis on core professional ethics in medical education at all levels.

  1. The Performance of a Tight Ins/gnss/photogrammetric Integration Scheme for Land Based MMS Applications in Gnss Denied Environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, Chien-Hsun; Chiang, Kai-Wei

    2016-06-01

    The early development of mobile mapping system (MMS) was restricted to applications that permitted the determination of the elements of exterior orientation from existing ground control. Mobile mapping refers to a means of collecting geospatial data using mapping sensors that are mounted on a mobile platform. Research works concerning mobile mapping dates back to the late 1980s. This process is mainly driven by the need for highway infrastructure mapping and transportation corridor inventories. In the early nineties, advances in satellite and inertial technology made it possible to think about mobile mapping in a different way. Instead of using ground control points as references for orienting the images in space, the trajectory and attitude of the imager platform could now be determined directly. Cameras, along with navigation and positioning sensors are integrated and mounted on a land vehicle for mapping purposes. Objects of interest can be directly measured and mapped from images that have been georeferenced using navigation and positioning sensors. Direct georeferencing (DG) is the determination of time-variable position and orientation parameters for a mobile digital imager. The most common technologies used for this purpose today are satellite positioning using the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and inertial navigation using an Inertial Measuring Unit (IMU). Although either technology used along could in principle determine both position and orientation, they are usually integrated in such a way that the IMU is the main orientation sensor, while the GNSS receiver is the main position sensor. However, GNSS signals are obstructed due to limited number of visible satellites in GNSS denied environments such as urban canyon, foliage, tunnel and indoor that cause the GNSS gap or interfered by reflected signals that cause abnormal measurement residuals thus deteriorates the positioning accuracy in GNSS denied environments. This study aims at developing a

  2. Pine processionary caterpillar, Thaumetopoea pityocampa Denis and Schiffermüller, 1775 contact as a health risk for dogs.

    PubMed

    Kaszak, Ilona; Planellas, Marta; Dworecka-Kaszak, Bożena

    2015-01-01

    Pine processionary, Thaumetopoea pityocampa Denis and Schiffermüller, 1775 is a moth that belongs to the order of insects Lepidoptera, and family Notodontidae. The larvae of pine processionary moth are the main pest of pines all over the world, but mainly in Mediterranean region. The contact with pine processionary caterpillar (lepidopterism) can produce a strong inflammatory reaction on skin and mucous membranes. Other findings include hyperthermia, tachypnoea, respiratory distress, cyanosis and tongue oedema, labial angioedema, ptyalism, bilateral submandibular lymphadenomegaly, conjunctivitis and severe tongue necrosis. Tough, few veterinary cases have been published. Also in Poland pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pinivora) is present, especially near the Baltic coast and can be a possible health risk for both humans and animals (especially dogs). The aim of this article is to increase knowledge about the clinical manifestations of pine processionary caterpillar contact, which may be useful for diagnosis of this dangerous disease.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: DENIS galaxies around 16h15m -30deg (Rousseau+, 2000)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousseau, J.; Paturel, G.; Vauglin, I.; Schroeder, A.; de Batz, B.; Borsenberger, J.; Epchtein, N.; Fouque, P.; Kimeswenger, S.; Lacombe, F.; Le Bertre, T.; Mamon, G.; Rouan, D.; Simon, G.; Tiphene, D.

    2001-01-01

    From a visual inspection of J and K images obtained within the Deep Near Infrared Survey (DENIS) we detected 37 noteworthy galaxies near the galactic plane (|b|<15°). Most of these galaxies are yet uncatalogued. They have either a large dimension (more than 1arcmin in J-band) or a position very close to the galactic plane (|b|<3°). Some of these galaxies are simply not visible on the Digitized Sky Survey. Among them 15 galaxies are suspected to be spirals and could be detected from HI observations. Several large galaxies near the assumed position of the Great Attractor suggests that a concentration of galaxies may be present around the equatorial position: α2000=16h15m, δ2000=-30°. An inspection of this field from the Digitized Sky Survey and from available 2MASS data confirms the presence of extragalactic structures. (1 data file).

  4. A Ground-Based Near Infrared Camera Array System for UAV Auto-Landing in GPS-Denied Environment

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Tao; Li, Guangpo; Li, Jing; Zhang, Yanning; Zhang, Xiaoqiang; Zhang, Zhuoyue; Li, Zhi

    2016-01-01

    This paper proposes a novel infrared camera array guidance system with capability to track and provide real time position and speed of a fixed-wing Unmanned air vehicle (UAV) during a landing process. The system mainly include three novel parts: (1) Infrared camera array and near infrared laser lamp based cooperative long range optical imaging module; (2) Large scale outdoor camera array calibration module; and (3) Laser marker detection and 3D tracking module. Extensive automatic landing experiments with fixed-wing flight demonstrate that our infrared camera array system has the unique ability to guide the UAV landing safely and accurately in real time. Moreover, the measurement and control distance of our system is more than 1000 m. The experimental results also demonstrate that our system can be used for UAV automatic accurate landing in Global Position System (GPS)-denied environments. PMID:27589755

  5. [Health care channels for new cases of respiratory tuberculosis in Seine Saint-Denis in 1984-1986].

    PubMed

    Thebaud-Mony, A; Lepetit, C

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to observe routine practice in the care of tuberculosis cases treated in the Seine Saint-Denis department in 1984, with reference to the recent recommendations of the French Pneumology Society. The pathway of each patient through the care network was established for 336 adult cases being treated for respiratory tuberculosis for the first time. The social and economic cost of each pathway was evaluated. The results show the multiplicity of health services intervening in the care of these patients, the persistence of hospitalization, sanatorium care, and long sick-leaves from work, together with major differences in the care pathways according to the nationality, sex, and socio-economic group of the patients. The cost of tuberculosis treatment is shown to be high for both patients and the community.

  6. A Ground-Based Near Infrared Camera Array System for UAV Auto-Landing in GPS-Denied Environment.

    PubMed

    Yang, Tao; Li, Guangpo; Li, Jing; Zhang, Yanning; Zhang, Xiaoqiang; Zhang, Zhuoyue; Li, Zhi

    2016-08-30

    This paper proposes a novel infrared camera array guidance system with capability to track and provide real time position and speed of a fixed-wing Unmanned air vehicle (UAV) during a landing process. The system mainly include three novel parts: (1) Infrared camera array and near infrared laser lamp based cooperative long range optical imaging module; (2) Large scale outdoor camera array calibration module; and (3) Laser marker detection and 3D tracking module. Extensive automatic landing experiments with fixed-wing flight demonstrate that our infrared camera array system has the unique ability to guide the UAV landing safely and accurately in real time. Moreover, the measurement and control distance of our system is more than 1000 m. The experimental results also demonstrate that our system can be used for UAV automatic accurate landing in Global Position System (GPS)-denied environments.

  7. Human and tree classification based on a model using 3D ladar in a GPS-denied environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, Kuk; Baeg, Seung-Ho; Park, Sangdeok

    2013-05-01

    This study explained a method to classify humans and trees by extraction their geometric and statistical features in data obtained from 3D LADAR. In a wooded GPS-denied environment, it is difficult to identify the location of unmanned ground vehicles and it is also difficult to properly recognize the environment in which these vehicles move. In this study, using the point cloud data obtained via 3D LADAR, a method to extract the features of humans, trees, and other objects within an environment was implemented and verified through the processes of segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. First, for the segmentation, the radially bounded nearest neighbor method was applied. Second, for the feature extraction, each segmented object was divided into three parts, and then their geometrical and statistical features were extracted. A human was divided into three parts: the head, trunk and legs. A tree was also divided into three parts: the top, middle, and bottom. The geometric features were the variance of the x-y data for the center of each part in an object, using the distance between the two central points for each part, using K-mean clustering. The statistical features were the variance of each of the parts. In this study, three, six and six features of data were extracted, respectively, resulting in a total of 15 features. Finally, after training the extracted data via an artificial network, new data were classified. This study showed the results of an experiment that applied an algorithm proposed with a vehicle equipped with 3D LADAR in a thickly forested area, which is a GPS-denied environment. A total of 5,158 segments were obtained and the classification rates for human and trees were 82.9% and 87.4%, respectively.

  8. Why Did Socrates Deny That He Was a Teacher? Locating Socrates among the New Educators and the Traditional Education in Plato's "Apology of Socrates"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2014-01-01

    Plato's "Apology of Socrates" contains a spirited account of Socrates' relationship with the city of Athens and its citizens. As Socrates stands on trial for corrupting the youth, surprisingly, he does not defend the substance and the methods of his teaching. Instead, he simply denies that he is a teacher. Many scholars have…

  9. Why Did Socrates Deny That He Was a Teacher? Locating Socrates among the New Educators and the Traditional Education in Plato's "Apology of Socrates"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2014-01-01

    Plato's "Apology of Socrates" contains a spirited account of Socrates' relationship with the city of Athens and its citizens. As Socrates stands on trial for corrupting the youth, surprisingly, he does not defend the substance and the methods of his teaching. Instead, he simply denies that he is a teacher. Many scholars have…

  10. The $1.92 Lunch or an Academic in Lawyerland: Direct Involvement as a Petitioner to Deny a TV License Transfer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Herbert A.

    Providing an extensive, factual account of the controversy regarding the sale of a television station in Bloomington, Indiana, this paper presents a description of the legal issues involved, discusses the correspondence between the author and the purchasers of the station, outlines the justification for filing a Petition to Deny the transfer, and…

  11. 40 CFR 270.145 - What are the procedures for public comment on the draft RAP or notice of intent to deny?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... application over a local radio station; and (4) Send a notice of his intention to approve or deny your RAP application to each unit of local government having jurisdiction over the area in which your site is located... nearest population center to the remediation waste management site and give notice according to the...

  12. Thorny Tenure Case at Case Western Leads to Sex-Bias Charges: A Scientist with a Strong Publication Record Was Twice Denied Tenure, and Her Data Were Seized.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smallwood, Scott

    2001-01-01

    Describes the case of a woman biology teacher who was denied tenure at Case Western Reserve University. Critics see her as a researcher who couldn't get along with students and who is blaming her problems on others. Supporters of the gender discrimination suit she is expected to file say that the Biology Department has a pattern of discrimination…

  13. System Dynamics to Model the Unintended Consequences of Denying Payment for Venous Thromboembolism after Total Knee Arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Worni, Mathias; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Zammar, Guilherme Roberto; Shah, Jatin; Yoo, Bryan; Maldonato, Mauro; Takemoto, Steven; Vail, Thomas P.

    2012-01-01

    Background The Hospital Acquired Condition Strategy (HACS) denies payment for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The intention is to reduce complications and associated costs, while improving the quality of care by mandating VTE prophylaxis. We applied a system dynamics model to estimate the impact of HACS on VTE rates, and potential unintended consequences such as increased rates of bleeding and infection and decreased access for patients who might benefit from TKA. Methods and Findings The system dynamics model uses a series of patient stocks including the number needing TKA, deemed ineligible, receiving TKA, and harmed due to surgical complication. The flow of patients between stocks is determined by a series of causal elements such as rates of exclusion, surgery and complications. The number of patients harmed due to VTE, bleeding or exclusion were modeled by year by comparing patient stocks that results in scenarios with and without HACS. The percentage of TKA patients experiencing VTE decreased approximately 3-fold with HACS. This decrease in VTE was offset by an increased rate of bleeding and infection. Moreover, results from the model suggest HACS could exclude 1.5% or half a million patients who might benefit from knee replacement through 2020. Conclusion System dynamics modeling indicates HACS will have the intended consequence of reducing VTE rates. However, an unintended consequence of the policy might be increased potential harm resulting from over administration of prophylaxis, as well as exclusion of a large population of patients who might benefit from TKA. PMID:22536313

  14. Flawed Nuclear Physics and Atomic Intelligence in the Campaign to deny Norwegian Heavy Water to Germany, 1942-1944

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Børresen, Hans Christofer

    2012-12-01

    The military campaign to deny Norwegian heavy water to Germany in World War II did not diminish as the threat posed by heavy water in German hands dwindled, mainly because of excessive security among the Allies. Signs that Albert Speer (1905-1981) had decided in 1942 to stop the German atomic-bomb project were kept secret and ignored. Prominent Allied advisers like Leif Tronstad (1903-1945) and even Niels Bohr (1885-1962) were not told about the plutonium path to a German atomic bomb. Physicists did not brief advisers, decision makers, and Allied officers on how many years Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976) would need to accumulate enough heavy water (deuterium oxide, D2O) for an Uranmachine and then to extract and process plutonium for an atomic bomb. Had the flow of information been better, the military raids on the Norwegian heavy-water plant at Vemork could have been timed better, and the more costly of them could have been averted altogether.

  15. [Detainees in police custody in Seine-Saint-Denis (France): Medical data and high-risk situations, a descriptive study].

    PubMed

    Gilard-Pioc, Séverine; Dang-Hauter, Catherine; Denis, Céline; Boraud, Cyril; Chariot, Patrick

    2013-09-01

    The number of detainees held in police custody in France increased up to 792,000 yearly in 2009. Medical examination is a right for every detainee. Our objective was to assess medical characteristics and addictive behaviours of arrestees. In this study, we systematically evaluated arrestees detained in police custody in Seine-Saint-Denis, a suburban area near Paris over one year (June 1, 2010-May 31, 2011). A total of 22,379 medical examinations were performed. Males accounted for 94% of detainees. Median age was 23 (range: 13-78). In 2968 of 18,466 cases (16%), the detainee had at least one chronic somatic disease. Asthma, diabetes, and arterial hypertension were the most commonly encountered. A history of psychiatric disorder was reported in 819 of 16,697 cases (5%). Daily alcohol consumption was reported by 14% of detainees and 77% smoked tobacco. Drug use was reported by 40% of detainees, cannabis in most cases (38%), infrequently cocaine or crack (4%) or heroine (1%). Assaults were reported by 20% of detainees, at the time of arrest in most cases (11%). The present study showed the high frequency of addictive behaviours and reported assaults or traumatic injuries in arrestees. Attending physicians should pay particular attention to addictive disorders and recent traumatic lesions in arrestees, both for immediate care and for prevention. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. System dynamics to model the unintended consequences of denying payment for venous thromboembolism after total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Worni, Mathias; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Zammar, Guilherme Roberto; Shah, Jatin; Yoo, Bryan; Maldonato, Mauro; Takemoto, Steven; Vail, Thomas P

    2012-01-01

    The Hospital Acquired Condition Strategy (HACS) denies payment for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The intention is to reduce complications and associated costs, while improving the quality of care by mandating VTE prophylaxis. We applied a system dynamics model to estimate the impact of HACS on VTE rates, and potential unintended consequences such as increased rates of bleeding and infection and decreased access for patients who might benefit from TKA. The system dynamics model uses a series of patient stocks including the number needing TKA, deemed ineligible, receiving TKA, and harmed due to surgical complication. The flow of patients between stocks is determined by a series of causal elements such as rates of exclusion, surgery and complications. The number of patients harmed due to VTE, bleeding or exclusion were modeled by year by comparing patient stocks that results in scenarios with and without HACS. The percentage of TKA patients experiencing VTE decreased approximately 3-fold with HACS. This decrease in VTE was offset by an increased rate of bleeding and infection. Moreover, results from the model suggest HACS could exclude 1.5% or half a million patients who might benefit from knee replacement through 2020. System dynamics modeling indicates HACS will have the intended consequence of reducing VTE rates. However, an unintended consequence of the policy might be increased potential harm resulting from over administration of prophylaxis, as well as exclusion of a large population of patients who might benefit from TKA.

  17. sUAS Position Estimation and Fusion in GPS-Degraded and GPS-Denied Environments using an ADS-B Transponder and Local Area Multilateration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larson, Robert Sherman

    An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and a manned aircraft are tracked using ADS-B transponders and the Local Area Multilateration System (LAMS) in simulated GPS-degraded and GPS-denied environments. Several position estimation and fusion algorithms are developed for use with the Autonomous Flight Systems Laboratory (AFSL) TRansponder based Position Information System (TRAPIS) software. At the lowest level, these estimation and fusion algorithms use raw information from ADS-B and LAMS data streams to provide aircraft position estimates to the ground station user. At the highest level, aircraft position is estimated using a discrete time Kalman filter with real-time covariance updates and fusion involving weighted averaging of ADS-B and LAMS positions. Simulation and flight test results are provided, demonstrating the feasibility of incorporating an ADS-B transponder on a commercially-available UAS and maintaining situational awareness of aircraft positions in GPS-degraded and GPS-denied environments.

  18. Landmark-based robust navigation for tactical UGV control in GPS-denied communication-degraded environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Endo, Yoichiro; Balloch, Jonathan C.; Grushin, Alexander; Lee, Mun Wai; Handelman, David

    2016-05-01

    Control of current tactical unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) is typically accomplished through two alternative modes of operation, namely, low-level manual control using joysticks and high-level planning-based autonomous control. Each mode has its own merits as well as inherent mission-critical disadvantages. Low-level joystick control is vulnerable to communication delay and degradation, and high-level navigation often depends on uninterrupted GPS signals and/or energy-emissive (non-stealth) range sensors such as LIDAR for localization and mapping. To address these problems, we have developed a mid-level control technique where the operator semi-autonomously drives the robot relative to visible landmarks that are commonly recognizable by both humans and machines such as closed contours and structured lines. Our novel solution relies solely on optical and non-optical passive sensors and can be operated under GPS-denied, communication-degraded environments. To control the robot using these landmarks, we developed an interactive graphical user interface (GUI) that allows the operator to select landmarks in the robot's view and direct the robot relative to one or more of the landmarks. The integrated UGV control system was evaluated based on its ability to robustly navigate through indoor environments. The system was successfully field tested with QinetiQ North America's TALON UGV and Tactical Robot Controller (TRC), a ruggedized operator control unit (OCU). We found that the proposed system is indeed robust against communication delay and degradation, and provides the operator with steady and reliable control of the UGV in realistic tactical scenarios.

  19. Denying or Delivering Services?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirk, Stuart A.; Greenley, James R.

    1974-01-01

    Many who apply to agencies for service do not receive it. To make service more accessible, changing the behavior patterns of organizations may be as important as changing organizational structure. (Author)

  20. Access denied; invalid password.

    PubMed

    Chambers, David W

    2006-11-01

    Progress addressing access to oral health is difficult to evaluate because it is unclear what access means. Ozar's proposal that access should be defined by dentists as true dental need is criticized. It is proposed that four different types of treatment are currently identifiable in dentistry: 1) traditional oral health care, 2) oral care that has minimal or no health component, 3) episodic care, and 4) oral health outcomes not resulting from dentist interventions such as fluoridation. Each of these models has a different definition of care and of access. The profession is becoming segmented--including growing disparities among dentists in earning potential--to the point where a single model may no longer be able to cover all needs for oral health.