Frost, Ray L; Palmer, Sara J
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study the molecular structure of the vanadate mineral pascoite. Pascoite, rauvite and huemulite are examples of simple salts involving the decavanadate anion (V10O28)6-. Decavanadate consists of four distinct VO6 units which are reflected in Raman bands occurring at higher wavenumbers. The Raman spectrum of pascoite is characterised by two intense bands at 991 and 965 cm(-1). Raman bands are observed at 991, 965, 958 and 905 cm(-1) and originate from four distinct VO6 sites in the mineral structure. In the infrared spectra of pascoite, two wavenumber regions are observed between: (1) 837 and 860, and (2) between 803 and 833 cm(-1). These bands are assigned to ν3 antisymmetric stretching modes of (V10O28)6- or (V5O14)3- units. The spectrum is highly complex in the lower wavenumber region, and therefore the assignment of bands is difficult. Bands observed in the 404 to 458 cm(-1) region are assigned to the ν2 bending modes of (V10O28)6- or (V5O14)3- units. Raman bands observed in the 530-620 cm(-1) region are assigned to the ν4 bending modes of (V10O28)6- or (V5O14)3- units. The Raman spectra of the vanadates in the low wavenumber region are complex with multiple overlapping bands which are probably due to VO subunits and MO bonds. PMID:21035379
Since the early 1950's, the Poison Canyon mine has been considered a classic example of uranium geology. Owing to present economic condtions, a close examination of the redistributed mineralization is taking place. Because of the evolution of the structure and geomorphology of Poison Canyon, the primary mineralization went through further oxidation and reduction. Enriched solutions of uranium migrated downdip through permeable sands. These solutions were controlled by north-trending fracture patterns, with some vertical movement along major faults. The uranium collected in structural and lithological traps, forming amoeba-like orebodies with the higher grade mineralization located in the fractures. First-generation redistributed ore is primarily coffinite. Forming later is second-generation redistributed ore, which is mainly tyuyamunite. The latter formed from further oxidation and redistribution of the primary and first-generation mineralization, combined with an increasing nearness to surface. The authigenic minerals in the redistributed mineralization are found in carbon-deficient sands. The redistributed minerals are locally associated with pascoite, although this mineral is rare. The radiometric equilibrium of the primary minerals differs from that of the redistributed minerals. The uranium has been leached from the primary minerals making chemical values less than radiometric values. The redistributed minerals are chemically greater than radiometric, producing a favorable equilibrium. The percent extraction in the mill process is greater for the redistributed ore than for the primary ore. The paragenetic position of the different minerals has a direct bearing on these observations.
Yakubovich, Olga V; Steele, Ian M; Yakovleva, Ekaterina V; Dimitrova, Olga V
New decavanadate minerals, the products of the leaching or metasomatic processes, are possible in nature via Na/Rb removal/inclusion reactions. As part of our search for novel vanadate phases with varying functionalities, a new phase, tetrarubidium hexaaquasodium hydrogen decavanadate tetrahydrate, Rb4[Na(H2O)6][HV10O28]·4H2O, has been synthesized by the hydrothermal technique at 553 K. Ten shared edges of V-centred octahedra form monoprotonated decavanadate cages, which are joined together via hydrogen bonds into one-dimensional chains parallel to the  direction. Within these chains, H atoms are sandwiched between neighbouring polyanions. Na and Rb atoms and H2O molecules occupy interstices flanked by the anionic chains providing additional crosslinking in the structure. This compound is the second decavanadate with P2/n symmetry. Structural relationships among protonated and deprotonated decavanadates with inorganic cations, including minerals of the pascoite group, are discussed. PMID:26044328