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Sample records for passively q-switched mode-locking

  1. Simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked passive modulators for the microchip lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Junewen; Lin, Jun-Ting; Hung, Te-Chien

    2004-07-01

    Five kinds of the laser passive modulators: single crystal semiconductor wafers, plastic dye sheets, lithium fluoride crystals containing F2- color center, chromium yttrium aluminum garnet crystals and ionic color filter glass that can Q-switched modulate, mode-locked modulate, and Q-switched mode-locking modulate the conventional flash-lamp pumped Nd:hosted lasers, Er:Glass eye-safe solid-state lasers as well as all those of diode-pumped Nd:hosted and Er:Glass eye-safe microchip lasers are presented. Theoretical model are proposed and the detail analysis are presented.

  2. Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, L.; Wang, Y. G.; Yu, H. J.; Sun, W.; Han, Z. H.; Zhang, S. B.; Hou, W.; Lin, X. C.; Li, J. M.; Tang, J.

    2011-11-01

    We report on a passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using a novel low-cost wallpaper graphene oxide absorber. Sandwich structured wallpaper graphene oxide absorber was constructed by a high transmission mirror, a piece of wallpaper graphene oxide absorber and a reflective mirror. The average output power of 310 mW of passively Q-switched and mode-locked laser was successfully achieved. The repetition rate and pulse width of the Q-switched envelope were 213 kHz and 770 ns, respectively. The repetition rate of passively mode-locked pulse within the Q-switched envelope was 81.3 MHz with the pulse energy of 3.8 nJ.

  3. Passively Q-switched and mode-locked erbium doped fiber laser based on N-doped graphene saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, H.; Aidit, S. N.; Ooi, S. I.; Rezayi, M.; Tiu, Z. C.

    2017-10-01

    A passively Q-switched and mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on a nitrogen-doped graphene saturable absorber is demonstrated. The N-doped graphene based saturable absorber has a modulation depth of 37.88% and a saturation intensity of 0.016 73 MW cm‑2. By integrating the N-doped graphene saturable absorber into the laser cavity, a stable Q-switched operation with a centre wavelength of 1561.1 nm is obtained with a pulse energy of up to 29.0 nJ. As the pump power increases, the Q-switching operation transits into a mode-locking operation. The mode-locking operation is achieved with a centre wavelength of 1560 nm, a pulse width of 0.98 ps, a repetition rate of 28.5 MHz and a signal to noise ratio of up to 40 dB in the RF spectrum.

  4. Passively Q-switched and mode-locked dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser with Cr4+:YAG as a saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, Hongwei; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Yufei; Yang, Kejian; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Zhao, Jia; Qiao, Wenchao; Li, Tao; Feng, Chuansheng; Zhang, Haijuan

    2014-03-01

    By using neodymium-doped gadolinium gallium garnet (Nd:GGG) as a laser medium, a simultaneously passively Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) dual-wavelength laser with Cr4+:YAG as a saturable absorber is presented. The laser simultaneously oscillated at 1061 nm and 1063 nm, corresponding to a frequency difference of 0.53 THz. QML pulses with nearly 100% modulation depth were observed. The mode-locked pulse duration underneath the Q-switched envelope was estimated to be about 908 ps. The experimental results indicated that the dual-wavelength QML Nd:GGG laser can be an excellent candidate for the generation of THz waves.

  5. As-grown uniform MoS2/mica saturable absorber for passively Q-switched mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yuanyuan; Yang, Cheng; Ge, Pengguang; Liu, Jie; Jiang, Shouzhen; Li, Chun; Man, Baoyuan

    2016-08-01

    Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has recently attracted growing attention due to its distinctive properties and potential applications in optoelectronics and electronics. Here, large-area and high-quality MoS2 film with uniform thickness was obtained by thermally decomposing ammonium thiomolybdate. Besides, it is firstly demonstrated that the as-grown MoS2/mica can be directly inserted into Nd:GdVO4 laser cavity as saturable absorber for the output of diode-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked pulse trains. Using the MoS2 saturable absorbers, the stable Q-switched mode-locked pulse trains with high modulation depth were realized, suggesting that the broadband MoS2 SA could potentially be employed in mode-locking laser system

  6. Diode-pumped passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser at 1.34 microm with V:YAG saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Yang, Kejian; Zhao, Shengzhi; He, Jingliang; Zhang, Baitao; Zuo, Chunhua; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Li, Ming

    2008-12-08

    Using V:YAG as the saturable absorber, a diode-pumped passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GdVO(4) laser at 1.34 microm is realized. Nearly 100% modulation depth of mode-locking has been achieved. The width of the mode-locked pulse is estimated to be less than 460 ps with 125 MHz repetition rate within an about 1 micros-long Q-switched pulse envelope. A maximum output power of 220 mW and Q-switched pulse energy of 10.5 microJ is obtained. Using the hyperbolic secant function methods, a fluctuation rate equation model considering the Gaussian distribution of the intracavity photon density and the population inversion in the gain medium as well as the ground-state population intensity of the saturable absorber has been proposed to describe the mode-locking process of diode-pumped Nd:GdVO(4)/V(3+):YAG laser. With the space-dependent rate equations solved numerically, the theoretical calculations reproduce the laser characteristics well.

  7. Passively Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a Bi-doped GaAs saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Cong, Wen; Li, Dechun; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Li, Xiangyang; Qiao, Hui; Liu, Ji

    2014-06-16

    A simultaneously passively Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) Nd:GGG laser using a Bi-doped GaAs wafer as saturable absorber is accomplished for the first time. The Bi-doped GaAs wafer is fabricated by ion implantation and subsequent annealing. In comparison to the passively QML laser with GaAs, the QML laser with Bi-doped GaAs can generate more stable pulses with 99% modulation depth. The experiment results indicate that the Bi-doped GaAs could be an excellent saturable absorber for diode-pumped QML lasers.

  8. Passively Q-switched mode-locking Erbium-doped fiber laser with net-normal dispersion using nonlinear polarization rotation technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, L. Y.; Xu, W. C.; Luo, Z. C.; Cao, W. J.; Luo, A. P.; Dong, J. L.; Wang, H. Y.

    2011-10-01

    We experimentally demonstrate a passively Q-switched mode-locking (QML) operation in an Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with net normal dispersion by using nonlinear polarization rotation technique. A 2 m long section of dispersion compensating fiber (DCF) with extra large positive dispersion was inserted into the cavity to ensure the fiber laser working in the region of net positive dispersion. By carefully adjusting the polarization controller, both uniform dissipative mode-locking pulses with fundamental repetition rate and QML pulse trains with tunable repetition rate from 71.58 to 98.83 kHz are achieved. It is found that the QML operation is caused by the interaction between the polarization state of the pulse and the intracavity polarizer.

  9. Investigations of Q-switching and mode locking in diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser with passive saturable absorbers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwiatkowski, Jacek; Jabczynski, Jan K.; Zendzian, Waldemar

    2005-03-01

    The saturable absorbers (Cr4+:YAG, GaAs and LiF crystals for 1064-nm wavelength, V3+:YAG crystals for 1340-nm respectively) were examined as passive Mode Lockers and Q-switches in diode pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers in the Z-type resonators. In each case, partially modulated long trains of QML pulses were observed. As a rule, envelopes with about 1 μs duration and more than 50% depth of modulation were observed. For stabilization of the mode locking trains nonlinear crystals (KTP or LBO) as negative feedback elements were inserted. The fully modulated QML trains for intracavity II harmonic conversion at 670-nm wavelength in V3+:YAG Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with LBO crystal were demonstrated.

  10. Passively synchronized Q-switched and mode-locked dual-band Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber lasers using a common graphene saturable absorber

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Chenglai; Shastri, Bhavin J.; Abdukerim, Nurmemet; Rochette, Martin; Prucnal, Paul R.; Saad, Mohammed; Chen, Lawrence R.

    2016-01-01

    Dual-band fiber lasers are emerging as a promising technology to penetrate new industrial and medical applications from their dual-band properties, in addition to providing compactness and environmental robustness from the waveguide structure. Here, we demonstrate the use of a common graphene saturable absorber and a single gain medium (Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber) to implement (1) a dual-band fiber ring laser with synchronized Q-switched pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1840 nm, and (2) a dual-band fiber linear laser with synchronized mode-locked pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm. Q-switched operation at 1480 nm and 1840 nm is achieved with a synchronized repetition rate from 20 kHz to 40.5 kHz. For synchronous mode-locked operation, pulses with full-width at half maximum durations of 610 fs and 1.68 ps at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm, respectively, are obtained at a repetition rate of 12.3 MHz. These dual-band pulsed sources with an ultra-broadband wavelength separation of ~360 nm will add new capabilities in applications including optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communications. PMID:27804993

  11. Passively synchronized Q-switched and mode-locked dual-band Tm(3+):ZBLAN fiber lasers using a common graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Jia, Chenglai; Shastri, Bhavin J; Abdukerim, Nurmemet; Rochette, Martin; Prucnal, Paul R; Saad, Mohammed; Chen, Lawrence R

    2016-11-02

    Dual-band fiber lasers are emerging as a promising technology to penetrate new industrial and medical applications from their dual-band properties, in addition to providing compactness and environmental robustness from the waveguide structure. Here, we demonstrate the use of a common graphene saturable absorber and a single gain medium (Tm(3+):ZBLAN fiber) to implement (1) a dual-band fiber ring laser with synchronized Q-switched pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1840 nm, and (2) a dual-band fiber linear laser with synchronized mode-locked pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm. Q-switched operation at 1480 nm and 1840 nm is achieved with a synchronized repetition rate from 20 kHz to 40.5 kHz. For synchronous mode-locked operation, pulses with full-width at half maximum durations of 610 fs and 1.68 ps at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm, respectively, are obtained at a repetition rate of 12.3 MHz. These dual-band pulsed sources with an ultra-broadband wavelength separation of ~360 nm will add new capabilities in applications including optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communications.

  12. Passively synchronized Q-switched and mode-locked dual-band Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber lasers using a common graphene saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Chenglai; Shastri, Bhavin J.; Abdukerim, Nurmemet; Rochette, Martin; Prucnal, Paul R.; Saad, Mohammed; Chen, Lawrence R.

    2016-11-01

    Dual-band fiber lasers are emerging as a promising technology to penetrate new industrial and medical applications from their dual-band properties, in addition to providing compactness and environmental robustness from the waveguide structure. Here, we demonstrate the use of a common graphene saturable absorber and a single gain medium (Tm3+:ZBLAN fiber) to implement (1) a dual-band fiber ring laser with synchronized Q-switched pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1840 nm, and (2) a dual-band fiber linear laser with synchronized mode-locked pulses at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm. Q-switched operation at 1480 nm and 1840 nm is achieved with a synchronized repetition rate from 20 kHz to 40.5 kHz. For synchronous mode-locked operation, pulses with full-width at half maximum durations of 610 fs and 1.68 ps at wavelengths of 1480 nm and 1845 nm, respectively, are obtained at a repetition rate of 12.3 MHz. These dual-band pulsed sources with an ultra-broadband wavelength separation of ~360 nm will add new capabilities in applications including optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communications.

  13. Optimization of the pulse-width of diode-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Han, Chao; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Dechun; Li, Guiqiu; Yang, Kejian; Zhang, Gang; Cheng, Kang

    2011-11-01

    By considering the single-photon absorption and two-photon absorption processes in the GaAs saturable absorber, the coupled rate equations for a diode-pumped passively Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) laser with GaAs coupler under Gaussian approximation are given. These rate equations are solved numerically. The key parameters of an optimally coupled passively QML laser with the shortest pulse-width envelope are determined. These key parameters include the parameters of the gain medium, the saturable absorber, and the resonator, which can minimize the pulse-width of a singly Q-switched envelope. Sample calculations for a diode-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked c-cut Nd:GdVO(4) laser with a GaAs coupler are presented to demonstrate that the shortest pulse-width envelope can be obtained by selecting the optimal small-signal transmission of the saturable absorber and the reflectivity of the output mirror.

  14. Diode pumped Q-switched and mode locked lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jabczyński, Jan K.; Żendzian, Waldemar; Kwiatkowski, Jacek

    2005-09-01

    The simultaneous Q-Switching and Mode Locking (QML) regime provides the generation of relatively high peak power picosecond pulses train with energies of a few μJ each in a simple resonator. The critical review of QML methods and results including our investigations is given in the first part of presentation. The application of several types of saturable crystalline absorbers (Cr4+:YAG, V3+:YAG, LiF, GaAs) leads to chaotic, partial QML effect, with less than 100% modulation depth in principle. The fully modulated efficient QML laser was demonstrated in the next part. The acousto-optic cell playing a double role of Q-switch and Mode Locker was located near flat output coupler. The two folding mirrors were mounted on the translation stages for matching the resonance frequency of the cavity to the radio frequency of acousto-optic modulator. The QML pulses with envelope durations of 100-150 ns and 100% modulation depth were observed for wide range of pump powers and repetition rates. In the preliminary experiments up to 3 W of output average power, 100μJ of the envelope energy, having approximately 5-8 mode locked pulses were achieved.

  15. Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in the CW Nd:YAG laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kuizenga, D. J.; Phillion, D. W.; Siegman, A. E.; Lund, T.

    1973-01-01

    The theory of transient mode-locking for an active modulator in a laser with a homogeneously broadened line is presented. The theory is applied to simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YAG lasers and good agreement between theory and experiment is obtained. The main conclusion is that under usual Q-switched operating conditions the mode-locking process does not have sufficient time to build up to steady-state conditions. We also present a method to overcome this problem by allowing the laser to prelase before the Q-switch is opened. Mode-locked pulses whose width approaches the steady-state value are obtained. The transient mode-locking theory presented here also applies to actively mode-locking TEA CO2 lasers and to other types of simultaneously pulsed and mode-locked lasers.

  16. Tunable graphene Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with suppressed self-mode locking effect.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Da-Peng; Wei, Li; Liu, Wing-Ki

    2012-05-10

    Self-mode locking effect in a wideband tunable graphene-based passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser has been observed experimentally. Q-switching is achieved by using graphene as a saturable absorber, while a tunable bandpass filter with a narrow bandwidth is used to obtain wideband tunability. We propose to suppress the modulation on each pulse from self-mode locking by introducing three subring resonators constructed with three 3 dB couplers into the laser ring cavity. Moreover, the laser output characteristics with respect to pump power are studied in detail. A stable Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with a tunable range from 1522 nm to 1568 nm is demonstrated experimentally.

  17. Doubly active Q switching and mode locking of an all-fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Cuadrado-Laborde, Christian; Díez, Antonio; Cruz, Jose L; Andrés, Miguel V

    2009-09-15

    Simultaneous and independent active Q switching and active mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser is demonstrated using all-fiber modulation techniques. A magnetostrictive rod attached to the output fiber Bragg grating modulates the Q factor of the Fabry-Perot cavity, whereas active mode locking is achieved by amplitude modulation with a Bragg-grating-based acousto-optic device. Fully modulated Q-switched mode-locked trains of optical pulses were obtained for a wide range of pump powers and repetition rates. For a Q-switched repetition rate of 500 Hz and a pump power of 100 mW, the laser generates trains of 12-14 mode-locked pulses of about 1 ns each, within an envelope of 550 ns, an overall energy of 0.65 microJ, and a peak power higher than 250 W for the central pulses of the train.

  18. Q-switched and mode-locked Er{sup 3+}-doped fibre laser using a single-multi-single fibre filter and piezoelectric

    SciTech Connect

    Ji Wang; Yunjun Zhang; Aotuo Dong; Xiaoxin Xu; Youlun Ju; Baoquan Yao

    2014-04-28

    The active Q-switched and passive mode-locked Er{sup 3+}-doped all-fibre laser is presented. The fibre laser centre wavelength is located at 1563 nm and determined by the homemade singlemulti- single (SMS) in-line fibre filter. The laser spectrum width is nearly 0.1 nm. The active Q-switched mechanism relies on the polarisation state control using a piezoelectric to press a segment of passive fibre on the circular cavity. The nonlinear polarisation rotation technology is used to realise the passive self-started modelocked operation. In the passive mode-locked regimes, the output average power is 2.1 mW, repetition frequency is 11.96 MHz, and single pulse energy is 0.18 nJ. With the 100-Hz Q-switched regimes running, the output average power is 1.5 mW. The total Q-switched pulse width is 15 μs, and every Q-switched pulse is made up by several tens of mode-locked peak pulses. The calculated output pulse energy of the Q-switched fibre laser is about 15 μJ, and the energy of every mode-locked pulse is about 64–68 nJ during a Q-switched pulse taking into account the power fraction propagating between pulses. (lasers)

  19. Q-switched and mode-locked Er3+-doped fibre laser using a single-multi-single fibre filter and piezoelectric

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ji; Zhang, Yunjun; Dong, Aotuo; Xu, Xiaoxin; Ju, Youlun; Yao, Baoquan

    2014-04-01

    The active Q-switched and passive mode-locked Er3+-doped all-fibre laser is presented. The fibre laser centre wavelength is located at 1563 nm and determined by the homemade singlemulti- single (SMS) in-line fibre filter. The laser spectrum width is nearly 0.1 nm. The active Q-switched mechanism relies on the polarisation state control using a piezoelectric to press a segment of passive fibre on the circular cavity. The nonlinear polarisation rotation technology is used to realise the passive self-started modelocked operation. In the passive mode-locked regimes, the output average power is 2.1 mW, repetition frequency is 11.96 MHz, and single pulse energy is 0.18 nJ. With the 100-Hz Q-switched regimes running, the output average power is 1.5 mW. The total Q-switched pulse width is 15 μs, and every Q-switched pulse is made up by several tens of mode-locked peak pulses. The calculated output pulse energy of the Q-switched fibre laser is about 15 μJ, and the energy of every mode-locked pulse is about 64-68 nJ during a Q-switched pulse taking into account the power fraction propagating between pulses.

  20. Mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers with graphene oxide based saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Zhaochen; Xu, Jia; Liu, Jiang; Ren, Jun; Wang, Pu

    2015-05-01

    We review our work on a femtosecond erbium-doped all-fiber laser mode-locked with graphene oxide saturable absorber, which can be conveniently obtained from natural graphite by simple oxidation and ultra-sonication process. The laser directly generated 200 fs pulses at a repetition rate of 22.9 MHz. The stable passively Q-switched operation by graphene oxide saturable absorber in the 1 μm ytterbium-, 1.5 μm erbium-, and 2 μm thulium-doped fiber lasers will be demonstrated as well. These results are comparable with those of graphene saturable absorbers and the superiority of easy fabrication and hydrophilic property of graphene oxide will facilitate its potential applications for ultrafast photonics.

  1. Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers.

    PubMed

    Xu, Jin-Long; Li, Xian-Lei; He, Jing-Liang; Hao, Xiao-Peng; Yang, Ying; Wu, Yong-Zhong; Liu, Shan-De; Zhang, Bai-Tao

    2012-07-01

    We demonstrate that few-layered graphene sheets used as a saturable absorber can provide efficient Q-switching and mode-locking modulation in 1.34 μm Nd:GdVO(4) bulk lasers. The minimum Q-switched pulses were 450 ns for 260 mW average power, 43 kHz repetition rate, and 2.5 μJ pulse energy. For the mode-locked laser, an average power of 1.29 W was achieved with 11 ps pulse duration and 13 nJ pulse energy. To our knowledge, this average power is the highest yet obtained from a graphene mode-locked laser, and the corresponding optical-optical efficiency of 23% is the best result among 1.3 μm neodymium mode-locked lasers. The quality factor M(2) of the Q-switched beam was 1.4 and 1.6 in the horizontal and longitudinal planes, respectively, and the M(2) of the mode-locked beam reached 1.1 and 1.0. These results clearly indicate the advantages of few-layered graphene as a saturable absorber.

  2. Multilayer graphene for Q-switched mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhiteng; Zhu, Shou-En; Chen, Yu; Wu, Man; Zhao, Chujun; Zhang, Han; Janssen, G. C. A. M.; Wen, Shuangchun

    2013-07-01

    We report the laser operation of Q-switched mode-locking (QML) in an erbium-doped fiber laser by using a multilayer graphene saturable absorber (SA), which consists of 22-layer of graphene fabricated by the chemical vapor deposition method. Based on our balanced twin detector measurement, the graphene sample is confirmed to show a saturable intensity of 3.375 MW/cm2 and an absolute modulation depth of 40.27%. It is demonstrated that this graphene SA can readily produce high quality QML pulses. At the pump power of 391.9 mW, the stable mode-locked pulse train with the Q-switched envelope repetition rate of 16.98 kHz and the envelope width of 13.84 μs are achieved. The maximal main pulse peak power can reach up to 35.89 W. This verifies that the multilayer graphene can be still applied as an effective saturable absorber for passively Q-switched mode-locked operation.

  3. Q-switched mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi(2)Se(3) deposited fiber taper.

    PubMed

    Gao, Lei; Huang, Wei; Zhang, Jing Dong; Zhu, Tao; Zhang, Han; Zhao, Chu Jun; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Hua

    2014-08-10

    We have demonstrated the passive Q-switching mode-locking operation in an erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser by using topological insulator Bi(2)Se(3) deposited on fiber taper, whose damage threshold can be further increased by the large evanescent field interacting length. Due to the low saturation intensity, stable Q-switched mode-locked fiber lasers centered at 1562 nm can be generated at a pump power of 10 mW. The temporal and spectral characteristics for different pump strengths have also been investigated. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time a Q-switched mode-locked EDF laser based on the fiber taper deposited by Bi(2)Se(3) was generated.

  4. Q-switched mode-locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser using cavity modulation frequency detuning.

    PubMed

    Chang, You Min; Lee, Junsu; Jhon, Young Min; Lee, Ju Han

    2012-07-20

    We present the results of an investigation regarding a Q-switched mode-locked fiber laser scheme based on a cavity modulation frequency detuning technique. The approach is based on undamped laser relaxation oscillations occurring due to frequency detuning in the fundamental cavity resonance frequency. Through a range of experiments with an erbium-doped, fiber-based, ring-cavity laser, this approach has been shown to be capable of generating high-quality Q-switched mode-locked pulses from an optical fiber-based laser. The maximum frequency detuning range for a stable Q-switched mode-locking operation has been observed to vary depending on the pump power used. We found that the highest pulse peak power was obtained at the frequency detuning threshold at which the operation changed from the mode-locking to the Q-switched mode-locking regime.

  5. Synchronously pumped mode-locked dye laser pumped by a frequency-doubled mode-locked and /ital Q/-switched diode laser pumped Nd:YAG laser

    SciTech Connect

    Maker, G. T.; Ferguson, A. I.

    1989-08-07

    We have developed a powerful and efficient mode-locked and /ital Q/-switched diode laser pumped Nd:YAG laser. Mode locking has been accomplished using intracavity frequency modulation (FM) to produce continuous-wave mode-locked pulses of 12 ps duration. Acousto-optic pre-lase /ital Q/ switching has produced a train of pulses of about 25 ps average duration at a repetition rate of 360 MHz in an envelope of 75 ns duration. When pumped with a 500 mW diode laser array, the energy in the /ital Q/-switched envelope was 15 /mu/J giving a peak power in the largest pulse of 19 kW. The laser has been frequency doubled in a crystal of potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) with an efficiency of 36%. The doubled radiation at 532 nm has been used to synchronously pump a mode-locked rhodamine 6G dye laser to produce a train of tunable pulses. The pulse duration of the dye laser was 3.2 ps and the peak power of the largest pulse in the train was 10 kW.

  6. Synchronizable Q-switched, mode-locked, and cavity-dumped ruby laser for plasma diagnostics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houtman, H.; Meyer, J.

    1985-06-01

    We report on the design and operation of an optimized version of a Q-switched, mode-locked, and cavity-dumped ruby-laser oscillator. The modulator window is much narrower than that assumed in conventional active mode-lock theory, and is shown to yield much shorter pulses than the latter in cases where the number of round trips is restricted. To allow a high-power pulse (≊1 GW) to evolve in the oscillator, and to allow simple synchronization to a (˜100 ns fixed delay) CO2 laser, a limit of 23 round trips was chosen, but similar limits may be imposed by lasers having short-gain duration as in an excimer laser. Details are given on the single spark gap switching element and Pockels cells, with an analysis of their expected switching speeds, in order to establish the effectiveness of the modulator, as compared to conventional sinusoidally driven active mode lockers. Single pulses of 50-70 mJ are reliably cavity-dumped after only 100-ns delay (23 round trips) with pulse length adjustable from 50-100 ps with ±5-ps stability. Relative timing between the main (CO2) and probe (ruby) pulses allows a measurement accuracy of ±50 ps to be attained.

  7. Passive mode locking of lasers with a tunable dye cell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baumann, G. Z.; Goldstein, R. L.

    1982-11-01

    A laminar-flow dye cell with continuously variable thickness (tunable without removal of the dye solution) provides an excellent way of optimizing passively mode-locked lasers. Varying the cell thickness adjusts low-light-level transmittance to match the total cavity and excitation energy conditions and also varies pulse duration. Acceptable cell thicknesses and dye concentrations can be calculated theoretically using well-known parameters. The cell can be conveniently returned to compensate for dye degradation or to provide conditions for Q switching. Experimental evidence is presented for a Nd:YAG laser.

  8. Active/passive mode-locked laser oscillator

    DOEpatents

    Fountain, William D.; Johnson, Bertram C.

    1977-01-01

    A Q-switched/mode-locked Nd:YAG laser oscillator employing simultaneous active (electro-optic) and passive (saturable absorber) loss modulation within the optical cavity is described. This "dual modulation" oscillator can produce transform-limited pulses of duration ranging from about 30 psec to about 5 nsec with greatly improved stability compared to other mode-locked systems. The pulses produced by this system lack intrapulse frequency or amplitude modulation, and hence are idealy suited for amplification to high energies and for other applications where well-defined pulses are required. Also, the pulses of this system have excellent interpulse characteristics, wherein the optical noise between the individual pulses of the pulse train has a power level well below the power of the peak pulse of the train.

  9. C-cut Nd-doped vanadate crystal self-Raman laser with narrow Q-switched envelope and high mode-locked repetition rate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zuo-han; Peng, Ji-ying; Zheng, Yi; Yang, Ye; Kou, Jin-hua

    2014-11-01

    In this paper, a passively Q-switched and mode-locked c-cut Nd-doped vanadate crystal self-Raman laser at 1.17 μm is firstly demonstrated by using Cr4+:YAG. Two crystals of Nd3+:YVO4 and Nd3+:GdVO4 are adopted to generate laser, respectively. With the incident pump power of 13 W, the average output powers of 678 mW and 852 mW at 1.17 μm are obtained with the durations of Q-switched envelope of 1.8 ns and 2 ns, respectively. The mode-locked repetition rates are as high as 2.3 Hz and 2.2 GHz, respectively. As far as we know, the Q-switched envelope is the narrowest and the mode-locked repetition rate is the highest at present in this field. In addition, yellow laser output is also achieved by using the LiB3O5 frequency doubling crystal.

  10. Structure of picosecond pulses of a Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donin, V. I.; Yakovin, D. V.; Gribanov, A. V.

    2015-12-01

    The pulse duration of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser, in which Q-switching with mode-locking (QML regime) is achieved using a spherical mirror and a travelling-wave acousto-optic modulator, is directly measured with a streak camera. It is found that the picosecond pulses can have a non-single-pulse structure, which is explained by excitation of several competing transverse modes in the Q-switching regime with a pulse repetition rate of 1 kHz. In the case of cw mode-locking (without Q-switching), a new (auto-QML) regime is observed, in which the pulse train repetition rate is determined by the frequency of the relaxation oscillations of the laser field while the train contains single picosecond pulses.

  11. Structure of picosecond pulses of a Q-switched and mode-locked diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser

    SciTech Connect

    Donin, V I; Yakovin, D V; Gribanov, A V

    2015-12-31

    The pulse duration of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser, in which Q-switching with mode-locking (QML regime) is achieved using a spherical mirror and a travelling-wave acousto-optic modulator, is directly measured with a streak camera. It is found that the picosecond pulses can have a non-single-pulse structure, which is explained by excitation of several competing transverse modes in the Q-switching regime with a pulse repetition rate of 1 kHz. In the case of cw mode-locking (without Q-switching), a new (auto-QML) regime is observed, in which the pulse train repetition rate is determined by the frequency of the relaxation oscillations of the laser field while the train contains single picosecond pulses. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  12. Mode locking and Q switching of a diode laser pumped neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride laser

    SciTech Connect

    Maker, G.T.; Ferguson, A.I.

    1989-01-30

    We have developed a mode-locked, diode pumped, neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Nd:YLF) laser operating at 1.053 ..mu..m. The laser produces pulses of 18 ps duration at an average power level of 12 mW. When Q switched the duration of the pulse train was 140 ns, giving rise to peak powers of 15 kW.

  13. Critical behavior of a passively mode-locked laser: rational harmonic mode locking.

    PubMed

    Zhan, Li; Gu, Zhaochang; Zhang, Jianwen; Xia, Yuxing

    2007-08-15

    The critical behavior of passive mode locking has been demonstrated in a figure-eight fiber laser that performs rational harmonic mode locking (RHML). On both the repetition rate and the pulse amplitude distribution, the observed pulse trains near the threshold exhibit the same regulations as the rational harmonic mode-locked ones. The theory also shows that there should be a middle status of RHML before achieving normal mode locking. It is important to note that the results provide what we believe to be the first confirmed attempt to address a fundamental question: how does a laser become mode locking with an increase of pump power?

  14. Picosecond passively mode-locked mid-infrared fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, C.; Zhu, X.; Norwood, R. A.; Kieu, K.; Peyghambarian, N.

    2013-02-01

    Mode-locked mid-infrared (mid-IR) fiber lasers are of increasing interest due to their many potential applications in spectroscopic sensors, infrared countermeasures, laser surgery, and high-efficiency pump sources for nonlinear wavelength convertors. Er3+-doped ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) fiber lasers, which can emit mid-IR light at 2.65-2.9 μm through the transition from the upper energy level 4I11/2 to the lower laser level 4I13/2, have attracted much attention because of their broad emission range, high optical efficiency, and the ready availability of diode pump lasers at the two absorption peaks of Er3+ ions (975 nm and 976 nm). In recent years, significant progress on high power Er3+- doped ZBLAN fiber lasers has been achieved and over 20 watt cw output at 2.8 μm has been demonstrated; however, there has been little progress on ultrafast mid-IR ZBLAN fiber lasers to date. We report a passively mode-locked Er3+- doped ZBLAN fiber laser in which a Fe2+:ZnSe crystal was used as the intracavity saturable absorber. Fe2+:ZnSe is an ideal material for mid-IR laser pulse generation because of its large saturable absorption cross-section and small saturation energy along with the excellent opto-mechanical (damage threshold ~2 J/cm2) and physical characteristics of the crystalline ZnSe host. A 1.6 m double-clad 8 mol% Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber was used in our experiment. The fiber core has a diameter of 15 μm and a numerical aperture (NA) of 0.1. The inner circular cladding has a diameter of 125 μm and an NA of 0.5. Both continuous-wave and Q-switched mode-locking pulses at 2.8 μm were obtained. Continuous-wave mode locking operation with a pulse duration of 19 ps and an average power of 51 mW were achieved when a collimated beam traversed the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal. When the cavity was modified to provide a focused beam at the Fe2+:ZnSe crystal, Q-switched mode-locked operation with a pulse duration of 60 ps and an average power of 4.6 mW was achieved. More powerful

  15. Stable Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser with dual-loss-modulation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Gang; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Yang, Kejian; Cheng, Kang; Zhang, Yan

    2010-08-20

    A diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) Nd:GdVO(4)/KTP green laser with an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) and GaAs saturable absorber is presented. The experimental results show that the stability and the peak power of the dual-loss-modulated QML Nd:GdVO(4)/KTP green laser are significantly improved. The pulse width of the Q-switched pulse envelope in the dual-loss-modulation QML green laser has a compression of 50% compared with that in the singly passively QML green laser with GaAs. By using a hyperbolic secant square function and considering the Gaussian distribution of the intracavity photon density, the coupled equations for diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated QML Nd:GdVO(4) green laser are given, and the numerical solutions of the equations are in good agreement with the experimental results.

  16. An automatic mode-locked system for passively mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Sha; Xu, Jun; Chen, Guoliang; Mei, Li; Yi, Bo

    2013-12-01

    This paper designs and implements one kind of automatic mode-locked system. It can adjust a passively mode-locked fiber laser to keep steady mode-locked states automatically. So the unsteadiness of traditional passively mode-locked fiber laser can be avoided. The system transforms optical signals into electrical pulse signals and sends them into MCU after processing. MCU calculates the frequency of the signals and judges the state of the output based on a quick judgment algorithm. A high-speed comparator is used to check the signals and the comparison voltage can be adjusted to improve the measuring accuracy. Then by controlling two polarization controllers at an angle of 45degrees to each other, MCU extrudes the optical fibers to change the polarization until it gets proper mode-locked output. So the system can continuously monitor the output signal and get it back to mode-locked states quickly and automatically. States of the system can be displayed on the LCD and PC. The parameters of the steady mode-locked states can be stored into an EEPROM so that the system will get into mode-locked states immediately next time. Actual experiments showed that, for a 6.238MHz passively mode-locked fiber lasers, the system can get into steady mode-locked states automatically in less than 90s after starting the system. The expected lock time can be reduced to less than 20s after follow up improvements.

  17. Q-switched-like soliton bunches and noise-like pulses generation in a partially mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhenhong; Wang, Zhi; Liu, Yan-Ge; Zhao, Wenjing; Zhang, Hao; Wang, Shangcheng; Yang, Guang; He, Ruijing

    2016-06-27

    We report an intermediate regime between c.w. emission and noise-like pulses (NLPs) regime in an Er-doped partially mode-locked fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation. In this regime, the soliton bunches stochastically turn up from a quasi-cw background in the Q-switched-like envelope. The soliton bunches normally last for tens or hundreds of intracavity round-trips. When the soliton bunches vanish, typical NLPs chains are generated sporadically at location where the soliton bunches collapses. These results would be helpful to understand the generation and property of the NLPs regime.

  18. WS₂ as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers.

    PubMed

    Wu, Kan; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wang, Jun; Li, Xing; Chen, Jianping

    2015-05-04

    Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, especially the transition metal sulfide semiconductors, have drawn great interests due to their potential applications in viable photonic and optoelectronic devices. In this work, 2D tungsten disulfide (WS2) based saturable absorber (SA) for ultrafast photonic applications was demonstrated. WS2 nanosheets were prepared using liquid-phase exfoliation method and embedded in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) thin film for the practical usage. Saturable absorption was discovered in the WS2-PVA SA at the telecommunication wavelength near 1550 nm. By incorporating WS2-PVA SA into a fiber laser cavity, both stable mode locking operation and Q-switching operation were achieved. In the mode locking operation, the laser obtained femtosecond output pulse width and high spectral purity in the radio frequency spectrum. In the Q-switching operation, the laser had tunable repetition rate and output pulse energy of a few tens of nano joule. Our findings suggest that few-layer WS2 nanosheets embedded in PVA thin film are promising nonlinear optical materials for ultrafast photonic applications as a mode locker or Q-switcher.

  19. Diode-pumped simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked YVO4/Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal self-Raman first-Stokes laser.

    PubMed

    Huang, Guoxi; Yu, Yongqin; Xie, Xiaohua; Zhang, Yufeng; Du, Chenlin

    2013-08-26

    A diode-end-pumped simultaneously Q-switched and modelocked self-Raman YVO(4)/Nd:YVO(4)/YVO(4) laser at first-Stokes wavelength of 1175.9 nm was demonstrated. The shortest mode-locked pulse width of the laser was obtained to be ~23.57 ps, with the corresponding timebandwidth product of ~0.51. The maximum average output power, the highest pulse energy and the highest peak power were obtained to be 1.83 W, 6.1 μJ and 220 kW, respectively. The nonlinear Raman process improved the Q-switched mode-locking performance of the Stokes pulses.

  20. Mode-locking and Q-switching in multi-wavelength fiber ring laser using low frequency phase modulation.

    PubMed

    Jun, Chang Su; Kim, Byoung Yoon

    2011-03-28

    We describe experimental investigation of pulsed output from a multi-wavelength fiber ring laser incorporating low frequency phase modulation with large modulation amplitude. The Erbium-doped fiber (EDF) ring laser generated more than 8 wavelength channels with the help of a phase modulator operating at 26.2 kHz and a periodic intra-cavity filter. For most cases, the laser output is pulsed in the form of mode-locking at 5.62 MHz and/or Q-switching at harmonic and sub-harmonic of the phase modulation frequency. Chaotic pulse output is also observed. The behavior of the output pulses are described as functions of pump power and phase modulation amplitude. The relative intensity noise (RIN) value of a single wavelength channel is measured to be under -100 dB/Hz (-140 dB/Hz beyond 1.5 GHz).

  1. All fiber passively Q-switched laser

    DOEpatents

    Soh, Daniel B. S.; Bisson, Scott E

    2015-05-12

    Embodiments relate to an all fiber passively Q-switched laser. The laser includes a large core doped gain fiber having a first end. The large core doped gain fiber has a first core diameter. The laser includes a doped single mode fiber (saturable absorber) having a second core diameter that is smaller than the first core diameter. The laser includes a mode transformer positioned between a second end of the large core doped gain fiber and a first end of the single mode fiber. The mode transformer has a core diameter that transitions from the first core diameter to the second core diameter and filters out light modes not supported by the doped single mode fiber. The laser includes a laser cavity formed between a first reflector positioned adjacent the large core doped gain fiber and a second reflector positioned adjacent the doped single mode fiber.

  2. Optical parametric generation by a simultaneously Q-switched mode-locked single-oscillator thulium-doped fiber laser in orientation-patterned gallium arsenide.

    PubMed

    Donelan, Brenda; Kneis, Christian; Scurria, Giuseppe; Cadier, Benoît; Robin, Thierry; Lallier, Eric; Grisard, Arnaud; Gérard, Bruno; Eichhorn, Marc; Kieleck, Christelle

    2016-11-01

    Optical parametric generation is demonstrated in orientation-patterned gallium arsenide, pumped by a novel single-oscillator simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser, downconverting the pump radiation into the mid-infrared wavelength regime. The maximum output energy reached is greater than 2.0 μJ per pump pulse.

  3. Generation of Q-switched mode locking controlled rectangular noise-like soliton bunching in a Tm-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Qiao, Tian; Chen, Weicheng; Lin, Wei; Yang, Zhongmin

    2016-08-08

    We report on an interesting phenomenon of the combination of Q-switched mode locked pulses (QSMLP) and rectangular noise-like pulses (RNLP) as a unit in a Tm-doped ring fiber laser which contains a Fabry-Perot (F-P) subcavity based on the nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) technique. The RNLP and QSMLP are independently generated in the ring cavity and F-P subcavity, respectively. A notable characteristic is that the physical parameters of RNLP, e.g. repetition rate and pulse duration, are controlled by QSMLP. Thus, they form as a composite bunching, which is termed as "Q-switched mode locking controlled rectangular noise-like soliton bunching (QRNSB)". Further investigation shows that the existence of QRNSB only occurs in high pumping conditions, while both fundamental mode-locking pulses and the coexistence of QSMLP and solitons are achieved in low pumping ones. Our work can enrich the understanding of the nonlinear dynamics in fiber lasers.

  4. Switchable dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers using a large-angle tilted fiber grating.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zuxing; Mou, Chengbo; Yan, Zhijun; Wang, Yongjin; Zhou, Kaiming; Zhang, Lin

    2015-01-26

    We proposed and demonstrated pulsed fiber lasers Q-switched and mode-locked by using a large-angle tilted fiber grating, for the first time to our best knowledge. Owing to the unique polarization properties of the large-angle tilted fiber grating (LA-TFG), i.e. polarization-dependent loss and polarization-mode splitting, switchable dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked pulses have been achieved with short and long cavities, respectively. For the mode-locking case, the laser was under the operation of nanosecond rectangular pulses, due to the peak-power clamping effect. With the increasing pump power, the durations of both single- and dual-wavelength rectangular pulses increase. It was also found that each filtered wavelength of the dual-wavelength rectangular pulse corresponds to an individual nanosecond rectangular pulse by employing a tunable bandpass filter.

  5. Dynamical modeling and experiment for an intra-cavity optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Q-switched self-mode-locking laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jing; Liu, Nianqiao; Song, Peng; Zhang, Haikun

    2016-11-01

    The rate-equation-based model for the Q-switched mode-locking (QML) intra-cavity OPO (IOPO) is developed, which includes the behavior of the fundamental laser. The intensity fluctuation mechanism of the fundamental laser is first introduced into the dynamics of a mode-locking OPO. In the derived model, the OPO nonlinear conversion is considered as a loss for the fundamental laser and thus the QML signal profile originates from the QML fundamental laser. The rate equations are solved by a digital computer for the case of an IOPO pumped by an electro-optic (EO) Q-switched self-mode-locking fundamental laser. The simulated results for the temporal shape with 20 kHz EO repetition and 11.25 W pump power, the signal average power, the Q-switched pulsewidth and the Q-switched pulse energy are obtained from the rate equations. The signal trace and output power from an EO QML Nd3+: GdVO4/KTA IOPO are experimentally measured. The theoretical values from the rate equations agree with the experimental results well. The developed model explains the behavior, which is helpful to system optimization.

  6. How lasing localized structures evolve out of passive mode locking.

    PubMed

    Marconi, M; Javaloyes, J; Balle, S; Giudici, M

    2014-06-06

    We investigate the relationship between passive mode locking and the formation of time-localized structures in the output intensity of a laser. We show how the mode-locked pulses transform into lasing localized structures, allowing for individual addressing and arbitrary low repetition rates. Our analysis reveals that this occurs when (i) the cavity round-trip is much larger than the slowest medium time scale, namely the gain recovery time, and (ii) the mode-locked solution coexists with the zero intensity (off) solution. These conditions enable the coexistence of a large quantity of stable solutions, each of them being characterized by a different number of pulses per round-trip and with different arrangements. Then, each mode-locked pulse becomes localized, i.e., individually addressable.

  7. A dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser with AOM and V3 + :YAG saturable absorber at 1.34 µm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Gang; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Yufei; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Yang, Kejian; Cheng, Kang

    2011-03-01

    Stable and robust pulses can be generated in a diode-pumped Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) c-cut Nd:GdVO4/V3 + :YAG laser at 1.34 µm by inserting an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) into the laser cavity. In this kind of dual-loss-modulation QML laser, the pulse width of the Q-switched pulse envelope has a compression of 68% and the pulse energy has an improvement of seven times compared with that in the solely passively QML laser with V3 + :YAG. By considering the influence of the turnoff time and the modulation frequency of the AOM as well as the thermal lens effect, a developed rate equation model for dual-loss-modulation QML lasers is given and the numerical solutions of the rate equations are in good agreement with the experimental results.

  8. Passively mode-locked cw Coumarin 6 ring dye laser

    SciTech Connect

    French, P.M.W.; Opalinska, M.M.; Taylor, J.

    1989-02-15

    The passive mode locking of a cw Coumarin 6 dye laser in a colliding-pulse ring configuration is reported. Pulses of less than 500-fsec duration have been obtained from 518 to 554 nm, with the shortest pulses obtained being of 96-fsec duration.

  9. High-Energy Passive Mode-Locking of Fiber Lasers.

    PubMed

    Ding, Edwin; Renninger, William H; Wise, Frank W; Grelu, Philippe; Shlizerman, Eli; Kutz, J Nathan

    2012-01-01

    Mode-locking refers to the generation of ultrashort optical pulses in laser systems. A comprehensive study of achieving high-energy pulses in a ring cavity fiber laser that is passively mode-locked by a series of waveplates and a polarizer is presented in this paper. Specifically, it is shown that the multipulsing instability can be circumvented in favor of bifurcating to higher-energy single pulses by appropriately adjusting the group velocity dispersion in the fiber and the waveplate/polarizer settings in the saturable absorber. The findings may be used as practical guidelines for designing high-power lasers since the theoretical model relates directly to the experimental settings.

  10. Reconfigurable quantum dot monolithic multisection passive mode-locked lasers.

    PubMed

    Xin, Y C; Li, Y; Kovanis, Vassilios; Gray, A L; Zhang, L; Lester, L F

    2007-06-11

    We investigate the dynamical response of a quantum dot photonic integrated circuit formed with a combination of eleven passive and active gain cells operating when these cells are appropriately biased as a multi-section quantum dot passively mode-locked laser. When the absorber section is judiciously positioned in the laser cavity then fundamental frequency and harmonic mode-locking at repetition rates from 7.2GHz to 51GHz are recorded. These carefully engineered multi-section configurations that include a passive wave-guide section significantly lower the pulse width up to 34% from 9.7 to 6.4 picoseconds, as well increase by 49% the peak pulsed power from 150 to 224 mW, in comparison to conventional two-section configurations that are formed on the identical device under the same average power. In addition an ultra broad operation range with pulse width below ten picoseconds is obtained with the 3rd-harmonic mode-locking configuration. A record peak power of 234 mW for quantum dot mode-locked lasers operating over 40 GHz is reported for the first time.

  11. All-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked EDFL by SMF-THDF-SMF structure as a saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latiff, A. A.; Kadir, N. A.; Ismail, E. I.; Shamsuddin, H.; Ahmad, H.; Harun, S. W.

    2017-04-01

    We demonstrate all-fiber dual-wavelength Q-switched and mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) by utilizing the thulium-holmium-doped fiber (THDF) as a fiber saturable absorber (SA) and also a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) element. The 19 cm long THDF has a core diameter of 11.5 μm, refractive index difference of 0.005, and cutoff wavelength of 1810 nm. Stable dual-wavelength Q-switching operation was generated at 1555.14 nm and 1557.64 nm with free spectral range (FSR) of 2.5 nm. The repetition rate of 14.45-78.49 kHz was obtained between 12 and 100 mW pump power. At maximum pump power, the maximum output power and pulse energy were 2.58 mW and 32.87 nJ, respectively. By adding 195 cm long SMF in the same cavity, the stable dual-wavelength mode-locking operation was started at 166 mW and continue stable to 201 mW pump power. This mode-locking operation produced stable dual-wavelength pulses at 1530.34 nm and 1532.84 nm with a repetition rate of 1 MHz with a pulse duration of 128 ns and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 62 dB. It shares the same value of FSR in Q-switching operation. The highest output power of 1.57 nJ corresponds to the maximum output power of 1.57 mW was obtained. Our results validate the linear absorption characteristic at C-band region and multimode fiber effect of THDF can be utilized as SA to generate stable all-fiber dual-wavelength pulsed lasers. Remarkably, these findings expand a fiber gain medium application in short pulse generation.

  12. Self-organization of the Q-switched mode-locked regime in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donin, V. I.; Yakovin, D. V.; Gribanov, A. V.

    2015-06-01

    A new Q-switched mode-locked generation regime of a solid-state laser, in which a Q-switch is "spontaneously" formed at the frequency of relaxation oscillations, has been observed for the first time. The new generation has been implemented by means of the previously proposed method of an acoustic modulator of a traveling wave in combination with a spherical mirror of a cavity. Stable pulse trains with a repetition frequency of ~30 kHz and a duration of ~2 µs have been observed in the diode-pump Nd:YAG laser with an average output power of ~3 W. Each train contains about 200 equispaced single pulses with a duration of ~45 ps.

  13. Numerical simulation of dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser with an acousto-optic and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Yang, Kejian; Li, Yufei; Li, Ming; Li, Tao; Zhang, Gang; Cheng, Kang

    2010-04-01

    By considering the influence of the turn-off time and the modulation frequency of the acousto-optic (AO) modulator as well as the Gaussian spatial distribution of the photon density, we give a developed rate equation model for a diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) Nd:GdVO(4) laser with AO modulator and Cr(4+):YAG saturable absorber. With this developed model, the dual-loss-modulated QML laser characteristics, such as pulse width and pulse energy, can be numerically simulated, and the theoretical evaluations are in good agreement with the experimental results.

  14. Q-Switched and Mode Locked Short Pulses from a Diode Pumped, YB-Doped Fiber Laser

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-26

    SESAM ) and through nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR). Output power and spectra were measured in cw after testing two different Yb- fibers and...17.2 MHz. Mode locking was not achieved using the SESAM , but the results that resemble mode beating are presented, and causes for error are analyzed...20 2.5.1 Mode Locking with a Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirror ( SESAM ) ..21 2.5.2 Nonlinear Polarization Rotation

  15. Quantum dot cadmium selenide as a saturable absorber for Q-switched and mode-locked double-clad ytterbium-doped fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahyuddin, M. B. H.; Latiff, A. A.; Rusdi, M. F. M.; Irawati, N.; Harun, S. W.

    2017-08-01

    This paper demonstrates the integration of quantum dot (QD) cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles, which is embedded into polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) film into an ytterbium-doped fiber laser (YDFL) cavity to produce Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers. The QD CdSe based film functions as a saturable absorber (SA). For Q-switching operation, stable pulse is generated within 970-1200 mW pump power, with tunable repetition rate and pulse width of 24.5-40.5 kHz and 6.8-3.7 μs, respectively. Maximum pulse energy and peak power are obtained about 1.1 μJ and 0.28 W, respectively. As we tune the polarization state of the laser cavity and use a single QD CdSe film, the mode-locking operation could also be generated within 310-468 mW pump power with repetition rate of 14.5 MHz and pulse width of 3.5 ps. Maximum pulse energy and peak power are obtained about 2 nJ and 0.11 W, respectively. These results may contribute to continuous research work on laser pulse generation, providing new opportunities of CdSe material in photonics applications.

  16. High-Energy Passive Mode-Locking of Fiber Lasers

    PubMed Central

    Ding, Edwin; Renninger, William H.; Wise, Frank W.; Grelu, Philippe; Shlizerman, Eli; Kutz, J. Nathan

    2012-01-01

    Mode-locking refers to the generation of ultrashort optical pulses in laser systems. A comprehensive study of achieving high-energy pulses in a ring cavity fiber laser that is passively mode-locked by a series of waveplates and a polarizer is presented in this paper. Specifically, it is shown that the multipulsing instability can be circumvented in favor of bifurcating to higher-energy single pulses by appropriately adjusting the group velocity dispersion in the fiber and the waveplate/polarizer settings in the saturable absorber. The findings may be used as practical guidelines for designing high-power lasers since the theoretical model relates directly to the experimental settings. PMID:22866059

  17. A SESAM passively mode-locked fiber laser with a long cavity including a band pass filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Rui; Chen, Hong-Wei; Chen, Sheng-Ping; Hou, Jing; Lu, Qi-Sheng

    2011-03-01

    A semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) passively mode-locked fiber laser with a long cavity length over 700 m is demonstrated. A band pass filter is inserted into the laser cavity to stabilize the lasing wavelength. Some interesting phenomena are observed and discussed. The central wavelength, repetition rate, average power and single pulse energy of the laser are 1064 nm, 281.5 kHz, 11 mW and 39 nJ, respectively. The laser operates stably without Q-switching instabilities, which greatly reduces the damage opportunities of the SESAM.

  18. Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jianfeng; Luo, Hongyu; Zhai, Bo; Lu, Rongguo; Guo, Zhinan; Zhang, Han; Liu, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Black phosphorus (BP) as a novel class of two-dimension (2D) materials has recently attracted enormous attention as a result of its unique physical and chemical features. The remarkably strong light-matter interaction and tunable direct band-gap at a wide range make it an ideal candidate especially in the mid-infrared wavelength region as the saturable absorber (SA). In this paper, the simple and effective liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) method was used to fabricate BP. By introducing the same BP SA into two specifically designed rare earth ions doped fluoride fiber lasers at mid-infrared wavebands, Q-switching with the pulse energy of 4.93 μJ and mode-locking with the pulse duration of 8.6 ps were obtained, respectively. The operation wavelength of ~2970 nm for generated pulse is the reported longest wavelength for BP SA based fiber lasers. PMID:27457338

  19. Black phosphorus: a two-dimension saturable absorption material for mid-infrared Q-switched and mode-locked fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Luo, Hongyu; Zhai, Bo; Lu, Rongguo; Guo, Zhinan; Zhang, Han; Liu, Yong

    2016-07-26

    Black phosphorus (BP) as a novel class of two-dimension (2D) materials has recently attracted enormous attention as a result of its unique physical and chemical features. The remarkably strong light-matter interaction and tunable direct band-gap at a wide range make it an ideal candidate especially in the mid-infrared wavelength region as the saturable absorber (SA). In this paper, the simple and effective liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) method was used to fabricate BP. By introducing the same BP SA into two specifically designed rare earth ions doped fluoride fiber lasers at mid-infrared wavebands, Q-switching with the pulse energy of 4.93 μJ and mode-locking with the pulse duration of 8.6 ps were obtained, respectively. The operation wavelength of ~2970 nm for generated pulse is the reported longest wavelength for BP SA based fiber lasers.

  20. 4.5 W mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+- doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kneis, C.; Donelan, B.; Berrou, A.; Manek-Hönninger, I.; Cadier, B.; Robin, T.; Poulain, M.; Joulain, F.; Eichhorn, M.; Kieleck, C.

    2015-02-01

    The generation of mid-infrared (mid-IR) supercontinuum (SC) radiation, ranging from 2 - 5 μm, is subject of intense research due to its wide range of applications. A very popular host media for mid-IR SC generation are soft glass fibers owing to their low-loss transmission in the mid-IR wavelength regime, particularly fluoride fibers are very attractive for high-power operation. In this research study, a diode-pumped Q-switched mode-locked (QML) thulium (Tm3+)-doped double-clad silica fiber laser is used to pump a ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) fiber for mid-IR SC generation. The QML regime of the fiber laser is actively generated by two acousto-optic modulators. The Tm3+-fiber laser provided up to 23.5 W (26 W) of average output power in QML (continuous wave) regime with a slope efficiency of 36 % (32 %). The measured beam quality has been close to the diffraction-limit in QML regime. The system delivered mode-locked pulses with a duration of 7.5 ps, measured with a commercial autocorrelator system, at a repetition rate of 46 MHz. The Q-switched envelopes had a width between 50 and 150 ns depending on the output power level and the adjustable repetition rate. Mid-IR SC with an average output power in all spectral bands of 4.5 W have been achieved with more than 3 W/ 1.7 W/ 1 W/ 0.36 W after a long-wave-pass filter with a 3 dB-edge at 2.15 μm/ 2.65 μm/ 3.1 μm/ 3.5 μm.

  1. Dual-loss-modulated Q-switched mode-locked laser intracavity pumped temperature-tuned subnanosecond KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator.

    PubMed

    Chu, Hongwei; Zhao, Jia; Yang, Kejian; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Dechun; Li, Tao; Li, Guiqiu; Qiao, Wenchao

    2015-12-10

    Using an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) and Cr4+:YAG as the dual-loss modulation, an intracavity KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator (OPO) pumped by a simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) YVO4/Nd:YVO4 laser was realized. The shortest mode-locking pulse duration of the signal wave at 1573 nm was directly measured as 450 ps at an AOM frequency of 2 kHz and a diode pump power of 10.5 W, corresponding to a peak power of 35.5 kW. The temperature tuning of the output signal wavelength was realized in the range from 1571.99 to 1572.61 nm with a blueshift ratio of 0.027  nm/°C. A set of coupled rate equations for the dual-loss-modulated QML laser pumping intracavity OPO was built for the first time to our knowledge. The numerical solutions were fitted with the experimental results.

  2. Experimental and theoretical study on an intracavity KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a dual loss modulated Q-switched and mode-locked laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiao, Junpeng; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Zhao, Jia; Li, Guiqiu; Li, Dechun; Li, Tao; Qiao, Wenchao; Chu, Hongwei; Luan, Chao

    2017-07-01

    In this paper, a sub-nanosecond KTiOPO4 (KTP)-based intracavity optical parametric oscillator (IOPO) pumped by a dual-loss modulated Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) laser with an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) and a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber (Cr4+:YAG-SA) has been demonstrated. By changing the initial transmission of Cr4+:YAG-SA and the transmission of the output coupler at the signal wavelength, the signal pulse width compression can be realized. At an incident pump power of 8.3 W and an AOM repetition rate of 15 kHz, a single signal pulse underneath Q-switched envelope with the shortest pulse width of 220 ps was obtained. The experimental results reveal that this is a simple and effective way to obtain the sub-nanosecond OPO signal pulses. In addition, the related coupled rate equations have been set up and the simulation results agreed with the experimental results well.

  3. Passively Q-switched side pumped monolithic ring laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, Steven X. (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    Disclosed herein are systems and methods for generating a side-pumped passively Q-switched non-planar ring oscillator. The method introduces a laser into a cavity of a crystal, the cavity having a round-trip path formed by a reflection at a dielectrically coated front surface, a first internal reflection at a first side surface of the crystal at a non-orthogonal angle with the front, a second internal reflection at a top surface of the crystal, and a third internal reflection at a second side surface of the crystal at a non-orthogonal angle with the front. The method side pumps the laser at the top or bottom surface with a side pump diode array beam and generates an output laser emanating at a location on the front surface. The design can include additional internal reflections to increase interaction with the side pump. Waste heat may be removed by mounting the crystal to a heatsink.

  4. Diode edge-pumped passively Q-switched microchip laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kong, Weipeng; Tsunekane, Masaki; Taira, Takunori

    2015-09-01

    There is an increasing demand for high-intensity subnanosecond lasers for emerging industrial applications. While femtosecond and picosecond laser sources are considered promising, they suffer from the significant drawbacks of increased complexity and cost. In this regard, we demonstrate a unique edge-pumped passively Q-switched Nd∶YAG/Cr4+∶YAG microchip laser. The microchip is made of a Nd∶YAG/Sm∶YAG composite ceramic, and a Sm∶YAG cladding is utilized as both the pump beam waveguide and amplified spontaneous emission absorber. With the use of a flat-concave laser cavity, we obtain single-pulse energy of 1.66 mJ for an absorbed pump energy of 24 mJ. Further, the resulting pulse width is 683 ps, and the repetition rate is 10 Hz.

  5. Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jianfeng; Luo, Hongyu; He, Yulian; Liu, Yong; Luo, Binbin; Sun, Zhongyuan; Zhang, Lin; Turitsyn, Sergei K.

    2014-05-01

    A diode-cladding-pumped mid-infrared passively Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser using a reverse designed broad band semiconductor saturable mirror (SESAM) was demonstrated. Nonlinear reflectivity of the SESAM was measured using an in-house Yb3+-doped mode-locked fiber laser at 1062 nm. Stable pulse train was produced at a slope efficient of 12.1% with respect to the launched pump power. Maximum pulse energy of 6.65 μJ with a pulse width of 1.68 μs and signal to noise ratio (SNR) of ~50 dB was achieved at a repetition rate of 47.6 kHz and center wavelength of 2.971 μm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 3 μm region SESAM based Q-switched fiber laser with the highest average power and pulse energy, as well as the longest wavelength from mid-infrared passively Q-switched fluoride fiber lasers.

  6. Semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passively Q-switched 2.97 μm fluoride fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, J. F.; Luo, H. Y.; He, Y. L.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, L.; Zhou, K. M.; Rozhin, A. G.; Turistyn, S. K.

    2014-06-01

    A diode-cladding-pumped mid-infrared passively Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride fiber laser using a reverse designed broad band semiconductor saturable mirror (SESAM) was demonstrated. Nonlinear reflectivity of the SESAM was measured using an in-house Yb3+-doped mode-locked fiber laser at 1062 nm. Stable pulse train was produced at a slope efficient of 12.1% with respect to the launched pump power. Maximum pulse energy of 6.65 µJ with a pulse width of 1.68 µs and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of ~50 dB was achieved at a repetition rate of 47.6 kHz and center wavelength of 2.971 µm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 3 µm region SESAM-based Q-switched fiber laser with the highest average power and pulse energy, as well as the longest wavelength from mid-infrared passively Q-switched fluoride fiber lasers.

  7. All-fiber passively mode-locked Ho-laser pumped by ytterbium fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Filatova, S. A.; Kamynin, V. A.; Zhluktova, I. V.; Trikshev, A. I.; Tsvetkov, V. B.

    2016-11-01

    We report an all-fiber mode-lock holmium-doped ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation without dispersion compensation. The laser produced picosecond pulses at 2.057 µm. The average output power was 4.5 mW.

  8. Passive mode locking of a Nd:KGW laser with hot-band diode pumping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eibna Halim, M. Z.; Talukder, R. C.; Waritanant, T.; Major, A.

    2016-10-01

    Passive mode locking of a Nd:KGW laser with hot-band diode pumping at 910 nm was demonstrated. A semiconductor saturable absorber mirror was used as a mode locking mechanism. The laser generated 2.4 ps pulses at a repetition rate of ~83.8 MHz. An average output power of 87 mW was obtained at 1067 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on passive mode locking of a Nd:KGW laser with low quantum defect pumping which holds great promise for further output power scaling.

  9. Dark and bright pulse passive mode-locked laser with in-cavity pulse-shaper.

    PubMed

    Schröder, Jochen B; Coen, Stéphane; Sylvestre, Thibaut; Eggleton, Benjamin J

    2010-10-25

    We demonstrate the integration of a spectral pulse-shaper into a passive mode-locked laser cavity for direct control of the output pulse-shape of the laser. Depending on the dispersion filter applied with the pulse-shaper we either observe a bright or dark "soliton-like" pulse train. The results demonstrate the strong potential of an in-cavity spectral pulse-shaper as an experimental tool for controlling the dynamics of passively mode-locked lasers.

  10. Passive Q-Switching of CO2 Tea Laser Using Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-01

    SWITCHING WITH 60 CM GAS CELL 4 3 PASSIVE Q-SWITCHING WITH GRATING 5 Passive Q-Switching of CO2 TEA Laser Using Sulfur Hexafluoride I. Introduction The...a grating. The laser was then tuned to the strongest line of the 10.6 jan, 10.2 an, an, 9.6 an branches of the CO2 laser . The SF 6 gas cell pressure...lines of the 10.2 pam and 9.6 jm branches of the CO2 emission spectrum. It has also been shown that SF, can passively Q-switch the CO, TEA laser at

  11. Tunable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser using carbon nanotube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niu, Chuanning; Wang, Zhaokun; Zhang, Jiayang; Yu, Ting; Zhou, Jun; Li, Nan; Qin, Guanshi; Ning, Ding; Zhang, Fujun; Feng, Dejun

    2016-10-01

    A tunable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) based on single-wall carbon nanotube is demonstrated. By properly tuning the pump power and the polarization controller, both single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation can be achieved. The repetition rates of the single- and dual-wavelength mode-locked operation are both 17.64 MHz. The duration of the ultrashort soliton pulse is about 3.7 ps. By appropriately adjusting the polarization state of the laser, the dual wavelength can be tuned from 1879.8 and 1894.5 nm to 1903.3 and 1914.1 nm.

  12. Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO(4) laser with a GaAs wafer.

    PubMed

    Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Zhengping; Wang, Jiyang; Yu, Yonggui; Jiang, Minhua; Tang, Dingyuan; Xie, Guoqiang; Luo, Hang

    2008-02-01

    We report on the passive mode locking of a diode-pumped Nd:LuVO(4) laser with a GaAs wafer as output coupler. Using the interference modulation effect of the GaAs wafer, high-power continuous-wave mode locking with a pulse width of about 7.1 ps and an average output power of 3.11 W was achieved. Our result shows that Nd:LuVO(4) could be an excellent gain medium for diode-pumped high-power mode-locked lasers.

  13. Transient response of a passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghiu Lee, Chung; Kim, Joonyoung; Kim, Soeun; Petropoulos, Periklis

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we report on the transient response of a passively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser as studied by switching the optical pumping of the erbium doped fiber on and off. We confirm that the laser can maintain its mode-locking state even while the pump is modulated, and describe the laser behavior and its typical transient response upon abrupt changes in the intensity of the optical pump.

  14. Repetitive modulation and passive Q-switching of diode end-pumped Nd-KGW laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisky, Yehoshua Y.; Kravchik, Leonid; Waichman, Karol; Labbe, Christophe

    2001-05-01

    We report the operation of a passively Q-switched diode end pumped Nd3+:KGW laser, which was obtained by using a Cr4+:YAG or Cr4+:GGG saturable absorbers in the multi-kHz frequency domain. The free-running (with maximum slope efficiency of 46%), and the passively Q-switched characteristics of Nd:KGW were investigated and the use of Nd:KGW as microlasers will be discussed.

  15. Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez, F.; Grelu, Ph.; Leblond, H.; Komarov, A.; Komarov, K.; Salhi, M.; Niang, A.; Amrani, F.; Lecaplain, C.; Chouli, S.

    2014-12-01

    We review our recent experimental and theoretical results addressing the dynamics of large numbers of solitons interacting in presence of a background in passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers. We first characterize experimentally the soliton rain complex dynamics, and then we focus on ordered soliton patterns. We report that, for suitable experimental parameters, a continuous wave can impose harmonic mode locking. Two levels of modeling for a mode-locked laser subjected to the external injection of a continuous wave are developed to support the latter observation. The first one is based on a scalar master equation, while the second one takes into account the mode-locking mechanism more accurately through a vectorial approach.

  16. Passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped neodymium:YAG laser

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, J.A.

    1991-01-01

    Compact diode-pumped neodymium:YAG lasers are becoming common commercial devices. Such lasers are often Q-switched to enhance peak power or to allow greater harmonic conversion efficiency. Active electrooptic or acoustooptic modulators are usually used to Q-switch YAG lasers. While these techniques work well, they do require expensive and bulky modulators and driving electronics. For some applications a simpler technique, such as passive Q-switching, could replace these active Q-switches. This thesis investigates the suitability of two color center materials as possible saturable absorbers for compact Nd:YAG lasers. The first material, lithium fluoride with F{sub 2}{sup {minus}} defects, has been used previously as a Q-switch for flashlamp-pumped Nd:YAG lasers. The second material, sodium chloride with F{sub 2}{sup +} defects, has not, to the author's knowledge, been used as a saturable absorber in a YAG laser. Lithium fluoride was found to be an excellent Q-switch material for a small diode-pumped YAG laser. The passively Q-switched pulses were comparable to the best results using active Q-switches. The LiF saturable absorber material is compact, inexpensive, and easy to prepare. The only discovered drawback to this material is the observation of a gradual bleaching of the saturable absorption with extended use at high peak powers. This thesis describes the properties and preparation of the LiF Q-switch material. The use of colored sodium chloride as a Q-switch material is also described. This material has the unique property that the amount of saturable loss in a particular crystal direction can be dynamically adjusted through the action of polarized light incident on the crystal.

  17. Numerical solutions of diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked green laser with acousto-optic modulator and Cr 4+: YAG saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Gang; Zhao, Shengzhi; Li, Dechun; Yang, Kejian; Li, Guiqiu; Cheng, Kang; Zhang, Yan

    2011-04-01

    By considering the influence of the acousto-optic (AO) modulator and the nonlinear loss due to harmonic conversion in the intra-cavity frequency-doubling laser, a developed rate equation model for diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) Nd:LuVO4/KTP green laser with acousto-optic (AO) modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber is presented. With this developed model, the pulse width, single-pulse energy and the other dual-loss-modulated QML green laser characteristics are numerically simulated. The simulation results show that the turnoff time is of great importance for the pulse energy and pulse width of the Q-switched pulse. A diode-pumped dual-loss-modulated QML Nd:LuVO4/KTP laser is constructed to successfully demonstrate the numerical simulation application.

  18. Passively Q-switched Single-longitudinal-mode c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser with a twisted-mode cavity.

    PubMed

    Pan, Haifeng; Xu, Shixiang; Zeng, Heping

    2005-04-04

    Single-longitudinal-mode operation is achieved in a twisted-mode-cavity c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser. With a semiconductor saturable absorption mirror as an intracavity saturable absorber to launch passive Q-switching, no mode-locked spikes are observed on the temporal envelopes of the Q-switched output pulses due to the complete elimination of spatial hole burning in the gain medium to suppress longitudinal multi-modes. The maximal average output power is 1.24 W with the repetition rate of 76.3 kHz, and the single pulse energy is 16.0 microJ. The pulse width and polarization ratio of the output laser beam are measured about 150 ns and 53:1, respectively.

  19. High power passively mode-locked fiber laser based on graphene nanocoated optical taper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mouchel, Paul; Semaan, Georges; Niang, Alioune; Salhi, Mohamed; Le Flohic, Marc; Sanchez, François

    2017-07-01

    We experimentally demonstrate a passively mode-locked Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser using a graphene nanocoated optical taper. Averaging 20 μm of clad diameter with a length of 6 mm, such a saturable absorber enables a strong light-graphene interaction owing to the evanescent field of the excited cladding mode. With the highest pump power of 5 W, the 326th harmonic mode locking of soliton bunches with an average output power of 520 mW was obtained in a fiber ring cavity that has a fundamental frequency of 1.67 MHz. This is the highest average output power yet reported in graphene-based passively mode-locked fiber lasers.

  20. Investigation of monolithic passively mode-locked quantum dot lasers with extremely low repetition frequency.

    PubMed

    Xu, Tianhong; Cao, Juncheng; Montrosset, Ivo

    2015-01-01

    The dynamical regimes and performance optimization of quantum dot monolithic passively mode-locked lasers with extremely low repetition rate are investigated using the numerical method. A modified multisection delayed differential equation model is proposed to accomplish simulations of both two-section and three-section passively mode-locked lasers with long cavity. According to the numerical simulations, it is shown that fundamental and harmonic mode-locking regimes can be multistable over a wide current range. These dynamic regimes are studied, and the reasons for their existence are explained. In addition, we demonstrate that fundamental pulses with higher peak power can be achieved when the laser is designed to work in a region with smaller differential gain.

  1. Repetitive modulation and passively Q-switching of diode-pumped Nd-KGW laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisky, Y.; Kravchik, L.; Labbe, C.

    2001-03-01

    We report the operation of a passively Q-switched diode end pumped Nd 3+:KGW laser. Passive Q-switching operation was obtained by using a Cr 4+:YAG or Cr 4+:GGG as saturable absorbers. The free-running and the passively Q-switched characteristics of Nd:KGW were investigated and analyzed. At a free-running mode, a maximum slope efficiency of 46%, and an absorbed pumping threshold of 380 mW were obtained for 4.1 at.% doping level, with 1.5-W maximum output power at 3.60-W absorbed pumping power. The Nd:KGW laser beam quality exhibited a TEM 00 with M2=1.6. The laser parameters were further analyzed as a function of the crystal heat sink temperature and the pump wavelengths. A passive Q-switched laser has been designed and operated, with a variety of Cr 4+ doped garnets employed as saturable absorbers. The laser produced modulated output in the multi-kHz frequency domain. The pulse width and the modulation frequency dependence of the passively Q-switched, repetitively modulated laser output vs. the diode pump power for Nd:KGW crystals, provides the conditions needed to enhance the modulation frequency and the peak power of diode-pumped Nd:KGW laser.

  2. Passive mode-locking in the green-yellow using the saturable absorber dasbti

    SciTech Connect

    Sibbett, W.; Taylor, J.R.

    1982-12-01

    Flashlamp pumped coumarin 153 and rhodamine 110 dye lasers have been passively mode-locked for the first time using the saturable absorber 2-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-benzthiazolylethyl iodide to produce pulses as short as 3 ps with pulse powers of up to 5 MW in a spectral range not previously covered.

  3. Effect of dynamical instability on timing jitter in passively mode-locked quantum-dot lasers.

    PubMed

    Pimenov, A; Habruseva, T; Rachinskii, D; Hegarty, S P; Huyet, G; Vladimirov, A G

    2014-12-15

    We study the effect of noise on the dynamics of passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers both experimentally and theoretically. A method combining analytical and numerical approaches for estimation of pulse timing jitter is proposed. We investigate how the presence of dynamical features such as wavelength bistability in a quantum-dot laser affects timing jitter.

  4. Adjustable high-repetition-rate pulse trains in a passively-mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Si Fodil, Rachid; Amrani, Foued; Yang, Changxi; Kellou, Abdelhamid; Grelu, Ph.

    2016-07-01

    We experimentally investigate multipulse regimes obtained within a passively-mode-locked fiber laser that includes a Mach-Zehnder (MZ) interferometer. By adjusting the time delay imbalance of the MZ, ultrashort pulse trains at multi-GHz repetition rates are generated. We compare the observed dynamics with high-harmonic mode locking, and show that the multi-GHz pulse trains display an inherent instability, which has been overlooked. By using a recirculation loop containing the MZ, we demonstrate a significant improvement of the pulse train stability.

  5. Figure-eight actively-passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhaoying; Yu, Zhenhong; Ge, Chunfeng; Zhang, Ruifeng; Jia, Dongfang; Li, Shichen

    2003-03-01

    The advantages of using nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) to compress pulse with slight amplitude fluctuation and reflected energy loss are analyzed in theory. Experimentally the NOLM is placed in an actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser to form a figure-eight actively and passively modelocked fiber laser. 12 ps mode-locked pulses centered at 1.543 ?m were obtained with the modulation frequency of 2.498748700 GHz. 3.715 mW output power is achieved with 50 mW pump power.

  6. Investigation of quantum dot passively mode-locked lasers with excited-state transition.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Hsu-Chieh; Lee, Chien-Ping

    2013-11-04

    Monolithic passively mode-locked quantum dot lasers with excited-state transition were investigated in a broad operating range without ground-state lasing. Optical and electrical characteristics of these mode locked lasers were studied in detail at different levels of injection current and absorber bias. Very different behaviors in the evolution of the hysteresis, the optical spectra and the evolution of repetition frequency were observed between our lasers and conventional quantum dot lasers with ground-state transition. Possible mechanisms behind these observed phenomena were proposed and discussed. A minimum pulse width of 3.3 ps and an externally compressed pulse width of 0.78 ps were obtained.

  7. Environmentally stable, simple passively mode-locked fiber ring laser using a four-port circulator.

    PubMed

    Masuda, Shin; Niki, Shoji; Nakazawa, Masataka

    2009-04-13

    We present here a self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with a novel cavity configuration using a four-port optical circulator. Our special ring cavity design enables highly stable mode-locked operation between 25 and 60 degrees C to be maintained without the need for any polarization-adjusting devices. The pulse width and the integrated timing jitter from 10 Hz to 10 MHz of our fiber ring laser were measured to be 120 fs and 39.1 fs, respectively. As a result, a robust and environmentally stable all-fiber mode-locked fiber ring laser with a simple ring cavity configuration in a small package has been achieved.

  8. An effective method for designing insensitive resonator of continuous-wave passively mode-locked laser.

    PubMed

    Wen, Qiao; Sun, Liqun; Wang, Yonggang; Zhang, Enyao; Tian, Qian

    2009-05-25

    An effective method for designing the insensitive resonator of a continuous-wave passively mode-locked laser is firstly presented in this paper. This method, using resonator transform circle graphic theory, is both intuitive and reliable. Theoretical results show that the resonator is suitable to obtain highly stable mode locking operation when the following two conditions are fulfilled. First, the transform circle of the terminal mirror opposite the semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) propagates through a series of lens (including the thermal lens of the gain medium) and a small transform circle in the image space is obtained, which ensures the small spot size at the SESAM. Second, the resonator transform circles orthogonally (or nearly orthogonally) intersect at the SESAM, which ensures the spot size at the SESAM is insensitive to the external perturbation. The experimental results of the mode locking lasers show good agreement with the theoretical studies very well.

  9. Passively Q-Switched Yb:YAG Laser with Cr(4+):YAG as the Saturable Absorber.

    PubMed

    Dong, J; Deng, P; Liu, Y; Zhang, Y; Xu, J; Chen, W; Xie, X

    2001-08-20

    By using a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser as a pumping source, we demonstrated a passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser at room temperature with Cr(4+):YAG as the saturable absorber. We achieved an average output power of as much as 55 mW at 1.03 mum with a pulse width (FWHM) as short as 350 ns. The initial transmission of the Cr(4+):YAG has an effect on the pulse duration (FWHM) and the repetition rate of the Yb:YAG passively Q-switched laser. The Yb:YAG crystal can be a most promising passively Q-switched laser crystal for compact, efficient, solid-state lasers.

  10. Diode pumped CW and passively Q-switched Nd:LGGG laser at 1062 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, H.; Jia, Z. T.; Zhang, B. T.; He, J. L.; Liu, S. D.; Yang, Y.; Tao, X. T.

    2012-05-01

    We report a Nd:LGGG laser at 1062 nm in the operations of the continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switching. The maximum CW output power of 5.62 W was obtained, corresponding to an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 49.0% and slope efficiency of 55.9%. By using Cr4+:YAG with initial transmission of 94% as the saturable absorber, for the first time, we got the maximum passively Q-switched output power of 1.21 W, accompanied with a highest pulse repetition rate of 27.1 kHz and a shortest pulse width of 9.1 ns.

  11. Passive Q-switching of Yb bulk lasers by a graphene saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loiko, P. A.; Serres, J. M.; Mateos, X.; Liu, J.; Zhang, H.; Yasukevich, A. S.; Yumashev, K. V.; Petrov, V.; Griebner, U.; Aguiló, M.; Díaz, F.

    2016-04-01

    Compact Yb:KLu(WO4)2 and Yb:LuVO4 lasers diode-pumped at 978 nm are passively Q-switched by a single-layer graphene saturable absorber. The Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser generated 165 ns/0.49 μJ pulses at 1030 nm with 170 mW average output power and 12 % slope efficiency. With the Yb:LuVO4 laser, 152 ns/0.83 μJ pulses were achieved. The output power reached 300 mW at 1024 nm, and the slope efficiency was 10 %. Laser operation in a plano-plano cavity is achieved with both crystals with thermal lensing playing a key role in their performance. A model describing graphene Q-switched Yb lasers is developed. Our results indicate the potential of graphene for passive Q-switching of ~1 μm bulk lasers.

  12. Effect of periodic optical pumping on dynamics of passive mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Chung Ghiu; Kim, Joonyoung; Kim, Soeun

    2017-10-01

    We report on the effect of periodic optical pumping on a passively mode-locked fiber laser (MLFL) based on an erbium-doped fiber (EDF). We investigate the influence of various parameters (including average pump power into the fiber laser, the modulation frequency and duty cycle of the pump, and the polarization state of the light inside the cavity) on the transient response characteristic of the MLFL such as: relaxation oscillation (RO) build-up time (defined as the time delay from the onset of pumping to the generation of passively mode-locked pulses) and the power of the detected RF signal at the fundamental cavity-mode frequency (determined by the ring cavity length), which reflects the stability of mode-locking pulse train. We have found that the RO build-up time is inversely proportional to the average pump power while the RF power of the detected fundamental cavity mode (produced by the ring cavity) is proportional to the average pump power. A change in the duty cycle effectively leads the average pump power to vary, which in turn leads to changes in the transient response. The modulation frequency of the pump is rather related to the stability of the MLFL than its response time. Generally, the lower the modulation frequency, the more stable the mode-locked pulses generated in the fiber laser. Finally, the RO build-up time and, consequently, the pulse-generation time are highly sensitive to the state of polarization in the MLFL cavity.

  13. ELEMENTS OF LASER SETUPS: Highly efficient passive Q switches for a neodymium laser based on thiopyrylotricarbocyanine dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bezrodnyi, V. I.; Derevyanko, Nadezhda A.; Ishchenko, Aleksandr A.; Kropachev, A. V.

    2009-01-01

    The spectral, photochemical and nonlinear optical properties of a group of thiopyrylotricarbocyanine dyes in a polyurethane matrix are studied and compared with well-known materials for passive Q-switching such as nickel BDN and BDNII complexes. Passive laser Q switches based on these dyes feature the high modulation efficiency (up to 76%) in neodymium lasers and high photochemical stability. It is shown that the service life of Q switches can be considerably increased by removing oxygen from a polymer matrix.

  14. Passive Q-switched cw diode-pumped Nd-doped YAG and YVO4 lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisky, Yehoshua Y.; Levy, Shuki; Kravchik, Leonid

    1999-05-01

    CW diode pumped solid state lasers have sought for various scientific, medical and military applications, where compact reliable, stable, and highly efficient sources are desirable. There are several applications such as fiber- optic sensing or range finding which require short bursts of high peak power densities at multi-kilohertz repetition rates, and with a good beam quality. An extensive research on the properties of passively Q-switched, CW diode-pumped, ND-lasers has been conducted. We have used various pumping schemes to diode pump the Q-switched Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 laser crystals. Such schemes are transverse pumping by a cylindrical microlens-coupled diode array or longitudinally pumping by a fiber-coupled diode array. The passive Q- switching elements were Cr4+:YAG (polished, uncoated) and Cr4+:GGG (polished, coated), which were inserted inside the laser resonator. The 1.06 micrometers laser emission shows a repetitive modulation in the kHz frequency domain, and temporal bandwidth, full width at half maximum, in the range of 50 - 600 nsec. The modulation frequency and bandwidth depend on the characteristics of the Q-switching material (e.g. Cr4+ concentration, sample thickness) and on the input power level of the diode array used. We shall report design parameters and performance of various types of passively Q-switched and free-running diode pumped Nd-lasers. We shall present and discuss methods to increase the efficiency of Q-switched solid state lasers.

  15. Diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser at 1442.6 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guan, Chen; Liu, Zhaojun; Cong, Zhenhua; Liu, Yang; Xu, Xiaodong; Xu, Jun; Huang, Qingjie; Rao, Han; Chen, Xia; Zhang, Yanmin; Wu, Qianwen; Bai, Fen; Zhang, Sasa

    2017-02-01

    A diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuAG laser at 1442.6 nm was demonstrated with a V3+:YAG crystal as the saturable absorber. Under continuous-wave (CW) operation, the maximum output power of 1.83 W was obtained with an absorbed pumping power of 11.1 W. The corresponding optical-to-optical conversion efficiency was 16.5%. Under Q-switched operation, the maximum average output power of 424 mW was obtained at the same pumping power. The pulse duration and pulse repetition rate were 72 ns and 17.4 kHz, respectively.

  16. Can silicon carbide serve as a saturable absorber for passive mode-locked fiber lasers?

    PubMed

    Cheng, Chih-Hsien; Lin, Yung-Hsiang; Chen, Ting-Hui; Chen, Hsiang-Yu; Chi, Yu-Chieh; Lee, Chao-Kuei; Leeb, Chao-Kuei; Wu, Chih-I; Wua, Chih-I; Lin, Gong-Ru

    2015-11-12

    The study presents a novel demonstration of a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) that is based on a silicon carbide (SixC1-x) saturable absorber. When the C/Si composition ratio is increased to 1.83, the SixC1-x film transforms from two-photon absorption to nonlinear saturable absorption, and the corresponding value reaches -3.9 × 10(-6) cm/W. The Si-rich SixC1-x film cannot mode lock the EDFL because it induced high intracavity loss through two-photon absorption. Even when a stoichiometric SiC is used, the EDFL is mode locked, similar to an EDFL operating under weak nonlinear-polarization-rotation condition. A C-rich SixC1-x film containing sp(2)-orbital C-C bonds with a linear absorbance of 0.172 and nonlinear absorbance of 0.04 at a 181 MW/cm(2) saturation intensity demonstrates nonlinear transmittance. The C-rich SixC1-x saturable absorber successfully generates a short mode-locked EDFL pulse of 470 fs. The fluctuation of the pulse-train envelope dropps considerably from 11.6% to 0.8% when a strong saturable-absorption-induced self-amplitude modulation process occurs in the C-rich SixC1-x film.

  17. Passively Q -switched transverse-diode-pumped Nd sup 3+ :YLF laser oscillator

    SciTech Connect

    Beach, R.; Davin, J.; Mitchell, S.; Benett, W.; Freitas, B.; Solarz, R. ); Avizonis, P. )

    1992-01-15

    The design and performance of a diode-pumped Nd{sup 3+}:YLF laser oscillator is described. A simple transverse-pump geometry in which a lensing duct efficiently couples the two-dimensional diode-pump array radiation to the YLF rod is employed. Using a color-center LiF crystal as a passive {ital Q} switch, we have produced burst-mode pulse trains that have a total energy of 115 mJ at a 30-Hz pulse-repetition frequency. The {ital Q}-switched pulse-train energy is 71% of the optimized free-lasing pulse energy, which is 163 mJ. Using an unstable cavity with a graded-reflectivity output coupler, we have generated {ital Q}-switched pulses that have 12-ns duration and near-diffraction-limited spatial profiles.

  18. Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Zhe; Xu, Yang; Zhang, Lei; Jia, Zhixu; Liu, Lai; Zhao, Dan; Feng, Yan; Qin, Guanshi; Qin, Weiping

    2013-07-01

    We demonstrated a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser by using gold nanorods as a saturable absorber. The gold nanorods (GNRs) were mixed with sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) to form GNRs-NaCMC films. By inserting one of the GNRs-NaCMC films into an EDFL cavity pumped by a 980 nm laser diode, stable passively mode-locking was achieved with a threshold pump power of ˜54 mW, and 12 ps pulses at 1561 nm with a repetition rate of 34.7 MHz and a maximum average power of ˜2.05 mW were obtained for a pump power of ˜62 mW.

  19. Generation of microseconds-duration square pulses in a passively mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Tonghui; Jia, Dongfang; Liu, Ying; Wang, Zhaoying; Yang, Tianxin

    2015-12-01

    An ultra-wide tunable square pulse operating in dissipative soliton resonance (DSR) region has been experimentally investigated in a passively mode-locked figure-of-eight fiber laser. In our experiment, by simply increasing the pump power, the pulse width can be tuned in an ultra-wide range from 135 ns to 2272 ns without wave-breaking while the peak power remains almost constant. The maximum output single pulse energy is 236.8 nJ at the pump power of 508 mW. A 960 m highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) is employed to realize widely tunable square pulse in the DSR region. To the best of our knowledge, this is the widest tunable range of pulse width in any all-fiber passively mode-locked fiber laser.

  20. Tunable passively harmonic mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser with Lyot-Sagnac filter.

    PubMed

    Li, Ming; Zou, Xin; Wu, Jian; Shi, Jindan; Qiu, Jifang; Hong, Xiaobin

    2015-10-10

    A novel passively harmonic mode-locked dissipative soliton Yb-doped fiber laser with all normal dispersion is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on a semiconductor saturable absorption mirror and tunable Lyot-Sagnac filter. By only tuning the bandwidth of the filter at fixed pump power, the repetition rate of 9.87 to 167.8 MHz (corresponding to 17th-order harmonic) is obtained. This is the highest repetition rate and harmonic order for a passively harmonic mode-locked dissipative soliton Yb-doped fiber laser with all-normal dispersion to the best of our knowledge. The signal-to-noise ratio and super-mode suppression ratio for all harmonic orders are higher than 65 and 35 dB, respectively, which shows the high stability of the fiber laser.

  1. Performance of passive Q-switched solar-pumped high-power Nd:YAG lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noter, Yoram; Naftali, Nir; Pe'er, Idit L.; Yogev, Amnon; Lando, Mordechai; Shimony, Yehoshua

    1997-09-01

    Q-switched, solar-pumped, high power Nd:YAG lasers are attractive for a variety of applications requiring high instantaneous peak power density. The Q-switching can be obtained by an acousto-optic, electro-optic or passive device. Passive Q-switching seems an excellent choice for space as well as for other applications since it neither requires an external driver nor an electrical power supply. In recent years Cr+4:YAG single crystals were extensively used as passive Q-switches for flashlamp-pumped high power Nd:YAG lasers, demonstrating their superior thermal superior thermal characteristics and durability. In this work we report the first operation of passive Q- switched, solar-pumped, high power Nd:YAG lasers. The concentrated solar energy for he optical pumping of the laser was obtained by a 3-stage combination of imaging and non-imaging optics. It included: i) Weizmann Institute solar tower heliostats, ii) 3D compound parabolic concentrator, and iii) 2D compound parabolic concentrator in which the laser rod was placed. 72 mm long laser rods with either 3 mm or 4 mm diameter were used. The passive Q-switch was made from a Cr$=+4):YAG single crystal having a low- intensity transmission of 72 percent at 1.06 (mu) . Its rear surface was coated by a high reflectivity coating, serving as the rear mirror of the cavity. Output coupling mirrors with various reflectivities were used. The passive Q-switch demonstrated excellent durability and reliability during all the experiments. Repetition rates of 6-39 kHz were measured, showing higher repetition rates at higher laser power levels. The pulses demonstrated shorter full width at half maximum (FWHM) time for higher laser power elves, and the FWHM time range was 190-310 nsec. The maximal measured average power was 14 W. Thermal lensing was measured as a function of the absorbed solar power in the laser rod. It is estimated that laser peak power densities of approximately 100 kW/cm2 were achieved in the experiments. It is

  2. Passive Q Switching of a Solar-Pumped Nd:YAG Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lando, Mordechai; Shimony, Yehoshua; Noter, Yoram; Benmair, Roth M. J.; Yogev, Amnon

    2000-04-01

    Passive Q switching is a preferable choice for switching the Q factor of a solar-pumped laser because it requires neither a driver nor an electrical power supply. The superior thermal characteristics and durability of Cr 4 :YAG single crystals as passive Q switches for lamp and diode-pumped high-power lasers has been demonstrated. Here we report on an average power of 37 W and a switching efficiency of 80% obtained by use of a solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser Q switched by a Cr 4 :YAG saturable absorber. Concentration of the pumping solar energy on the laser crystal was obtained with a three-stage concentrator, composed of 12 heliostats, a three-dimensional compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) and a two-dimensional CPC. The water-cooled passive Q switch also served as the laser rear mirror. Repetition rates of as much as 50 kHz, at pulse durations between 190 and 310 ns (FWHM) were achieved. From the experimental results, the saturated single-pass power absorption of the Cr 4 :YAG device was estimated as 3 1%.

  3. Multi-gigahertz repetition-rate-selectable passive harmonic mode locking of a fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Lecaplain, Caroline; Grelu, Philippe

    2013-05-06

    We demonstrate a passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser that operates at selectable harmonics spanning from the 6th to the 928th, which corresponds to repetition rates ranging from 153 MHz to 22.2 GHz. The noteworthy laser output stability is attested by supermode suppression levels as large as 41 dB. The influence of a continuous wave background on harmonics stability is tested.

  4. High brightness photonic band crystal semiconductor lasers in the passive mode locking regime

    SciTech Connect

    Rosales, R.; Kalosha, V. P.; Miah, M. J.; Bimberg, D.; Posilović, K.; Pohl, J.; Weyers, M.

    2014-10-20

    High brightness photonic band crystal lasers in the passive mode locking regime are presented. Optical pulses with peak power of 3 W and peak brightness of about 180 MW cm{sup −2} sr{sup −1} are obtained on a 5 GHz device exhibiting 15 ps pulses and a very low beam divergence in both the vertical and horizontal directions.

  5. Passive feedback control of actively mode-locked pulsed Nd:YAG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buchvarov, Ivan C.; Saltiel, Solomon M.

    1992-11-01

    A passive feedback control in an actively mode-locked pulsed Nd:YAG laser was used to shorten the pulse duration or obtain millisecond trains of ultra-short light pulses. The intracavity second harmonic generation in a crystal situated at proper distance from the output mirror served as a positive or negative feedback. When negative feedback was used, the length of the train was limited by the length of the flash lamp pumping pulse.

  6. Saturable absorber based on silver nanoparticles for passively mode-locked lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Glubokov, D A; Sychev, V V; Korolkov, A E; Chubich, D A; Vitukhnovskii, A G; Mikhailov, A S; Shapiro, B I

    2014-04-28

    A saturable absorber based on plane (tabular) stabilised silver nanocrystals, which is promising for picoseconds laser systems operating in the range 650–900 nm, is studied. This material has a plasmon decay time of about 2 ps, while its absorption at a pump intensity of 10 MW cm{sup -2} decreases by 1.6%, which is sufficient for using this crystal for passive mode locking. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  7. Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GSAG laser at 942 nm.

    PubMed

    Xu, Changwen; Wei, Zhiyi; Zhang, Yongdong; Li, Dehua; Zhang, Zhiguo; Wang, X; Wang, S; Eichler, H J; Zhang, Chunyu; Gao, Chunqing

    2009-08-01

    Stable mode-locking of a diode-pumped Nd:GSAG laser emitting at 942 nm between the 4F2/3-4I9/2 transition has been demonstrated. With a z cavity and a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror passive mode locker, we obtained 8.7 ps pulses at repetition rate of 95.6 MHz and average output power of 510 mW. The total optical efficiency is about 3.1%.

  8. Simultaneous compression of the passively mode-locked pulsewidth and pulse train

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yang, Xiang-Chun; Zhu, Xiao-Lei; Wu, Zhao-Qing; Sun, Zhan-Ao; Yang, Fu-Min; Tan, De-Tong; Chen, Wan-Zhen; Lu, Wen-Hu; Xiao, Chi-Kun

    1993-01-01

    Simultaneous compression of the passively mode-locked pulse width and pulse train have been achieved by using a plano-convex unstable resonator hybrided by a nonlinear Sagnac ring interferometer. The greater than 30 mJ single pulse energy of a lone oscillator and less than or equal to 10 ps pulsewidth have been obtained. Using this system, the LAGEOS and ETALON satellites' laser ranging have been performed successfully.

  9. Optimization of passively mode-locked quasi-continuously diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser in bounce geometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frank, Milan; Jelínek, Michal; Kubeček, Václav

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the operation of pulsed diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser oscillator in bounce geometry passively modelocked using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SAM), generating microjoule level picosecond pulses at wavelength of 1063 nm, is reported. Optimization of the output coupling for generation either Q-switched mode locked pulse trains or cavity dumped single pulses with maximum energy was performed, which resulted in extraction of single pulses as short as 10 ps and energy of 20 uJ. In comparison with the previous results obtained with this Nd:GdVO4 oscillator and saturable absorber in transmission mode, the achieved pulse duration is five times shorter. Using different absorbers and parameters of single pulse extraction enables generation of the pulses with duration up to 100 ps with the energy in the range from 10 to 20 μJ.

  10. Passively harmonic mode-locked pulses in thulium-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Qingsong; Wang, Tianshu; Ma, Wanzhuo; Liu, Peng; Zhang, Peng; Bo, Baoxue; Zhang, Yan

    2016-10-01

    A simple approach to generate passively harmonic mode-locked pulse trains in thulium-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation is proposed and demonstrated. Three different ways of mode-locked techniques have been employed in our structure to generate passively high-order harmonic mode-locked pulse trains; 128th-order passively harmonic mode-locked pulse train is achieved in the experiment and the repetition rate is 406.8 MHz. With the increase of the pump power, multiwavelength output can be tuned. A segment of dispersion compensation fiber is used to compensate the dispersion in the cavity; thus, the single pulse width is compressed from 617 to 48 ps.

  11. Diode-pumped passively Q-switched high-repetition-rate Yb microchip laser

    SciTech Connect

    Kisel', V E; Yasukevich, A S; Kondratyuk, N V; Kuleshov, N V

    2009-11-30

    The system of balance equations is modified for quasi-three-level passively Q-switched lasers with a slow saturable absorber. Optimal parameters of a Yb{sup 3+}:YAG microchip laser with a passive Cr{sup 4+}:YAG Q switch are calculated at a pulse repetition rate of {approx}100 kHz. The single-mode operation of the Yb:YAG-Cr:YAG laser with a pulse repetition rate above 100 kHz, the average output power 0.45 W and peak power 1.5 kW is experimentally demonstrated. In the multimode lasing regime, pulses with a peak power of 4.2 kW are obtained at an average output power of 0.8 W and a pulse repetition rate of 10 kHz. (lasers)

  12. Passively Q-switching induced by the smallest single-walled carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, X. T.; Zhai, J. P.; Wang, J. S.; Chen, Y. P.; Yu, Y. Q.; Zhang, M.; Li, I. L.; Ruan, S. C.; Tang, Z. K.

    2014-04-28

    We report a passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) by using the smallest single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with a diameter of 0.3 nm as the saturable absorber. These small SWNTs are fabricated in the nanochannels of a ZnAPO-11 (AEL) single crystal. By inserting one of the AEL crystal into an EDFL cavity pumped by a 980 nm laser diode, stable passive Q-switching is achieved for a threshold pump power of 206.2 mW, and 4.73 μs pulses with a repetition rate of 41.78 kHz and an average output power of 3.75 mW are obtained for a pump power of 406 mW.

  13. Pulse synchronisation in passively Q-switched lasers emitting at 1.053 and 1.064 {mu}m

    SciTech Connect

    Bagdasarov, V Kh; Denisov, N N; Malyutin, A A; Chigaev, I A

    2009-10-31

    Pulse synchronisation with an accuracy of no worse than {+-}5 ns is demonstrated in passively Q-switched neodymium phosphate glass and Nd:YAG lasers. Two operating regimes are realised: the 'sub-threshold' regime (when the slave Nd:YAG laser does not generate a giant pulse if its passive Q switch is not irradiated by the master Nd:glass laser) and the 'above-threshold' regime (when the pulse irradiating the passive Q switch of the slave laser advances its generation). (control of laser radiation parameters)

  14. Passively Q-switched ceramic Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG lasers.

    PubMed

    Feng, Yan; Lu, Jianren; Takaichi, Kazunori; Ueda, Ken-ichi; Yagi, Hideki; Yanagitani, Takagimi; Kaminskii, Alexander A

    2004-05-10

    Passively Q-switched ceramic Nd3+:YAG lasers with ceramic Cr4+:YAG saturable absorbers are demonstrated. When the lasers are pumped by a 1-W cw laser diode, optical-optical efficiency as great as 22% is obtained with Cr4+:YAG of initial transmission ranging from 94% to 79%. The results are similar to those in their crystalline counterparts. The operation of Brewster's angle and the polarization state of the laser output are also investigated.

  15. Passive Q switching of Er-Yb fiber laser with semiconductor saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Huang, J Y; Huang, S C; Chang, H L; Su, K W; Chen, Y F; Huang, K F

    2008-03-03

    A high-performance AlGaInAs quantum-well saturable absorber is developed for passively Q-switched Er-Yb double-clad fiber lasers at 1560 nm. With an incident pump power of 13.5 W, an average output power of 1.26 W with a pulse repetition rate of 12 kHz is obtained. The maximum peak power is greater than 500 W.

  16. A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Men, Shaojie; Liu, Zhaojun; Zhang, Xingyu; Wang, Qingpu; Shen, Hongbin; Bai, Fen; Gao, Liang; Xu, Xiangang; Wei, Rusheng; Chen, Xiufang

    2013-03-01

    A 1123 nm ceramic Nd:YAG laser passively Q-switched by graphene grown on SiC wafer was demonstrated. With a pump power of 8.1 W, an average output power of 332 mW was obtained, corresponding to an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 4.1% and a slope efficiency of 7.8%. The pulse width was 875.7 ns with a pulse repetition rate of 46.8 kHz.

  17. Can silicon carbide serve as a saturable absorber for passive mode-locked fiber lasers?

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Chih-Hsien; Lin, Yung-Hsiang; Chen, Ting-Hui; Chen, Hsiang-Yu; Chi, Yu-Chieh; Leeb, Chao-Kuei; Wua, Chih-I; Lin, Gong-Ru

    2015-01-01

    The study presents a novel demonstration of a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) that is based on a silicon carbide (SixC1−x) saturable absorber. When the C/Si composition ratio is increased to 1.83, the SixC1−x film transforms from two-photon absorption to nonlinear saturable absorption, and the corresponding value reaches −3.9 × 10−6 cm/W. The Si-rich SixC1−x film cannot mode lock the EDFL because it induced high intracavity loss through two-photon absorption. Even when a stoichiometric SiC is used, the EDFL is mode locked, similar to an EDFL operating under weak nonlinear-polarization-rotation condition. A C-rich SixC1−x film containing sp2-orbital C–C bonds with a linear absorbance of 0.172 and nonlinear absorbance of 0.04 at a 181 MW/cm2 saturation intensity demonstrates nonlinear transmittance. The C-rich SixC1−x saturable absorber successfully generates a short mode-locked EDFL pulse of 470 fs. The fluctuation of the pulse-train envelope dropps considerably from 11.6% to 0.8% when a strong saturable-absorption-induced self-amplitude modulation process occurs in the C-rich SixC1−x film. PMID:26558531

  18. Study on the output of LD-pumped passively Q-switched subnanosecond microlasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, He-jiao; Chen, Hui-min; Ding, Bo-sheng; Cai, De

    2013-09-01

    Caliber mortar projectiles and bombs are now tend to use the laser fuze because of its high accuracy in distance measurement,the strong ability to resist electromagnetic interference, the high angular resolution and the good concealment. Otherwise, the microlaser can bring about some alluring benefits. For instance, it can generate high quality laser beam, which has small divergence angle and high power. So, This paper summarizes some key factors which have impacts on the output of LD-pumped passively Q-switched subnanosecond microlasers, including the initial transmission of the absorber, the reflection of output coupler, the length of the cavity and the radius of the pumping laser beam, and gives the conclusion of the simulation based on the variation of the density of the reversal particle in the resonant cavity derived from the oscillation equation of the LD-pumped passively Q-switched Cr4+:YAG/ Nd:YAG laser, which provides the basis for the design of the passive Q-switched micro lasers which have high power, high repetition frequency and narrow pulse width.

  19. High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Tian, Xiaolong; Tang, Ming; Shum, Perry Ping; Gong, Yandong; Lin, Chinlon; Fu, Songnian; Zhang, Taishi

    2009-05-01

    We demonstrate an ultralong cavity, all-fiber, all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser that is passively mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). Without any discrete dispersion-compensation components or conventional spectral filters, the SESAM works together with the strongly chirped pulse and the nonlinearity induced spectrum broadening to perform a filtering-equivalent function, thus stabilizing the mode locking. The laser generates 4.3 nJ stable mode-locked pulses with a 397 kHz fundamental repetition rate at a 1068 nm central wavelength.

  20. Passive femtosecond mode-locking and cw laser performance of Yb3+: Sc2SiO5.

    PubMed

    De Tan, Wei; Tang, Dingyuan; Xu, Xiaodong; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Changwen; Xu, Feng; Zheng, Lihe; Su, Liangbi; Xu, Jun

    2010-08-02

    The authors report on the passive mode-locking and cw lasing performance of Yb3+: Sc(2)SiO(5) (Yb: SSO) in an x-fold cavity end-pumped by a 978 nm single emitter. The laser produced a maximum cw output power of 2.73 W with a slope efficiency of 70%. Passive mode-locking of Yb: SSO was initiated using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) while dispersion compensation was introduced using a pair of SF10 prisms. The laser mode-locked at 1041 nm, 1060 nm and 1077 nm with near Fourier transformed limited pulse width of 145 fs, 144 fs and 125 fs, and average output power of 40 mW, 52 mW and 102 mW, respectively. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first demonstration of femtosecond mode-locking of Yb: SSO.

  1. Stable, self-starting, passively mode-locked fiber ring laser of the 3 μm class.

    PubMed

    Hu, Tomonori; Hudson, Darren D; Jackson, Stuart D

    2014-04-01

    We report a passively mode-locked Ho(3+)Pr(3+)-doped fluoride fiber laser, producing 6 ps pulses at a repetition rate of 24.8 MHz, with a peak power of 465 W. For the first time, a ring cavity was demonstrated in a fluoride fiber laser arrangement which was essential to the generation of stable and self-starting mode-locked pulses.

  2. Theory of stationary ultarshort pulses in solid-state laserswith passive mode locking

    SciTech Connect

    Komarov, K.P.

    1986-02-01

    The formation of steady-state pulses in solid-state lasers with passive mode locking is investigated under conditions when the refractive index is frequency dispersive and nonlinear. The case of a noninertial absorber is considered as well as that of an inertial one. It is shown that when the nonlinearity of the refractive index exceeds a certain critical level phase modulation of the pulse leads to instability of the steady-state regime. The possibility is discussed of forming extremely short pulses in wide-band amplifying media such as alexandrite.

  3. Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Yb:Y3Ga5O12 laser.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yongdong; Wei, Zhiyi; Zhou, Binbin; Xu, Changwen; Zou, Yuwan; Li, Dehua; Zhang, Zhiguo; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Jiyang; Yu, Haohai; Wu, Kui; Yao, Bin; Wang, Junli

    2009-11-01

    We experimentally demonstrated femtosecond operation in a diode-pumped Yb:Y(3)Ga(5)O(12) laser for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. By using Gires-Tournois interferometer mirrors for dispersion compensation and a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror for passive mode locking, pulses with a duration as short as 245 fs at the central wavelength of 1045 nm have been produced at a repetition rate of 64.3 MHz. Under the full pump power of 7 W, the maximum output power was 570 mW, with an average slope efficiency of 14.1%.

  4. Energy characteristics of light from a passively mode-locked Ar/sup +/ laser

    SciTech Connect

    Gafurov, K.G.; Krindach, D.P.; Nazarov, B.I.; Novoderezhkin, V.I.

    1983-08-01

    Results are reported from an experimental study of the maximum average and pulse powers of a passively mode-locked Ar/sup +/ laser containing a gas discharge absorber. The peak pulse power is found to increase roughly linearly with increasing absorption; it was found to depend more strongly on the ratio S of the beam cross sections in the amplifying and absorbing media. The value of S was determined experimentally for the case when several pulses were generated during the period T/sub 0/ of the Ar/sup +/ laser cavity and interacted in the absorber.

  5. Passively Q-switched waveguide lasers based on two-dimensional transition metal diselenide.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Chen; Liu, Hongliang; Tan, Yang; Vázquez de Aldana, Javier R; Chen, Feng

    2016-05-16

    We reported on the passively Q-switched waveguide lasers based on few-layer transition metal diselenide, including molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2), as saturable absorbers. The MoSe2 and WSe2 membranes were covered on silica wafers by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). A low-loss depressed cladding waveguide was produced by femtosecond laser writing in a Nd:YAG crystal. Under optical pump at 808 nm, the passive Q-switching of the Nd:YAG waveguide lasing at 1064 nm was achieved, reaching maximum average output power of 115 mW (MoSe2) and 45 mW (WSe2), respectively, which are corresponding to single-pulse energy of 36 nJ and 19 nJ. The repetition rate of the Q-switched waveguide lasers was tunable from 0.995 to 3.334 MHz (MoSe2) and 0.781 to 2.938 MHz (WSe2), and the obtained minimum pulse duration was 80ns (MoSe2) and 52 ns (WSe2), respectively.

  6. Multi-Billion Shot, High-Fluence Exposure of Cr(4+): YAG Passive Q-Switch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stephen, Mark A.; Dallas, Joseph L.; Afzal, Robert S.

    1997-01-01

    NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center is developing the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) employing a diode pumped, Q-Switched, ND:YAG laser operating at 40 Hz repetition rate. To meet the five-year mission lifetime goal, a single transmitter would accumulate over 6.3 billion shots. Cr(4+):YAG is a promising candidate material for passively Q-switching the laser. Historically, the performance of saturable absorbers has degraded over long-duration usage. To measure the multi-billion shot performance of Cr(4+):YAG, a passively Q-switched GLAS-like oscillator was tested at an accelerated repetition rate of 500 Hz. The intracavity fluence was calculated to be approximately 2.5 J/cm(exp 2). The laser was monitored autonomously for 165 days. There was no evidence of change in the material optical properties during the 7.2 billion shot test.. All observed changes in laser operation could be attributed to pump laser diode aging. This is the first demonstration of multi-billion shot exposure testing of Cr(4+):YAG in this pulse energy regime

  7. Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser using Cr 4+-doped garnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisky, Y.; Labbe, C.; Waichman, K.; Kravchik, L.; Rachum, U.; Deng, P.; Xu, J.; Dong, J.; Chen, W.

    2002-06-01

    We investigate the repetitive modulation in the kHz frequency domain of a passively Q-switched, diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser, by Cr 4+:YAG, Cr 4+:LuAG, and Cr 4+:GSGG saturable absorbers. The results presented here are focused towards the design of a passively Q-switched Yb:YAG microlaser. The free-running performance of both rod and a disk Yb:YAG is characterized and experimental parameters such as gain and loss are evaluated. These values, together with the value of the stimulated emission cross-section, e.g. σem=3.3×10 -20 cm 2 were found to fit between our experimental results and an existing numerical model which relates the experimental and physical parameters to the minimal threshold pumping power. Q-switched pulses with maximum peak power of ≈10.4 kW, with energy of ≈0.5 mJ/pulse, were extracted with 30% extraction efficiency.

  8. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, H.; Lee, C. S. J.; Ismail, M. A.; Ali, Z. A.; Reduan, S. A.; Ruslan, N. E.; Ismail, M. F.; Harun, S. W.

    2016-12-01

    We demonstrate a passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles thin film as saturable absorber (SA). ZnO exhibits high nonlinear optical response and fast recovery time, fulfilling the requirements of an ideal SA. The nonlinear optical absorption is characterised by modulation depth of 3.5% with saturation intensity of 0.016 MW cm-2. We insert the SA into the laser cavity and obtain stable Q-switched pulse whereby the repetition rate increases from 41.7 kHz to 77.2 kHz while the pulse width decreases from 9.6 μs to 3.0 μs as the pump power is increased from 60 mW to 360 mW. This result suggests that ZnO could be a promising SA for photonic applications.

  9. Passively Q-switched nd:YAG laser via a WS2 saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xi; Wang, Yonggang; Duan, Lina; Li, Lu; Sun, Hang

    2016-05-01

    In this work, we report a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm by using WS2 solution as the saturable absorber (SA). The WS2 solution with different concentrations (0.25, 0.5, and 1 mg/ml) were fabricated by the liquid-phase-exfoliated method and injected into quartz cells. Such liquid absorbers have the virtues of adjustable optical absorption, high heat dissipation and non-contact damage. By inserting those WS2 solutions in the laser cavity, stable Q-switched laser operations were obtained. The corresponding pulse duration as short as 922 ns was obtained. The result shows that the WS2 material can be act as absorber for solid-state lasers.

  10. Passively Q-switched 1.57-microm intracavity optical parametric oscillator.

    PubMed

    Yashkir, Y; van Driel, H M

    1999-04-20

    We demonstrate an eye-safe KTP-based optical parametric oscillator (OPO) driven intracavity by a diode-pumped 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser, passively Q-switched by a Cr4+:YAG crystal. The characteristics of this system, which operates at 1570 nm with a repetition rate as high as 50 Hz, are studied as a function of Cr4+:YAG optical density. Under optimum conditions the OPO generates 1.5-mJ, 3.4 +/- 0.1-ns pulses in a single transverse mode. For a Cr4+:YAG Q-switch element with an optical density of 0.5 the conversion efficiency of the intracavity energy is approximately 45% with the ratio of OPO to Nd:YAG peak-pulse intensity exceeding unity. These and other OPO characteristics compare favorably with a simple rate equation model of the OPO dynamics.

  11. Passively Q -Switched 1.57- m Intracavity Optical Parametric Oscillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yashkir, Yuri; van Driel, Henry M.

    1999-04-01

    We demonstrate an eye-safe KTP-based optical parametric oscillator (OPO) driven intracavity by a diode-pumped 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser, passively Q -switched by a Cr 4 :YAG crystal. The characteristics of this system, which operates at 1570 nm with a repetition rate as high as 50 Hz, are studied as a function of Cr 4 :YAG optical density. Under optimum conditions the OPO generates 1.5-mJ, 3.4 0.1-ns pulses in a single transverse mode. For a Cr 4 :YAG Q -switch element with an optical density of 0.5 the conversion efficiency of the intracavity energy is 45% with the ratio of OPO to Nd:YAG peak-pulse intensity exceeding unity. These and other OPO characteristics compare favorably with a simple rate equation model of the OPO dynamics.

  12. Dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd:GYSGG laser by tungsten disulfide saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Gao, Y J; Zhang, B Y; Song, Q; Wang, G J; Wang, W J; Hong, M H; Dou, R Q; Sun, D L; Zhang, Q L

    2016-06-20

    A dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd:GYSGG laser using vacuum evaporating tungsten disulfide (WS2) as a saturable absorber was demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge. The WS2 saturable absorber was prepared simply by evaporating nanometer WS2 powders onto a quartz substrate in a vacuum. By inserting the WS2 saturable absorber into the laser cavity, stable Q-switched laser operation was achieved with a maximum average output power of 367 mW, a pulse repetition rate of 70.7 kHz, the shortest pulse width of 591 ns, and pulse energy of about 1.05 μJ. By vacuum evaporation method, a high-quality WS2 saturable absorber can be produced, and it seems to be a suitable method for fabrication of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides.

  13. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Passive Q switches for a diode-pumped erbium glass laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kisel', V. E.; Shcherbitskii, V. G.; Kuleshov, N. V.; Postnova, L. I.; Levchenko, V. I.; Galagan, B. I.; Denker, B. I.; Sverchkov, S. E.

    2005-07-01

    A diode-pumped, passively Q-switched 1.54-μm erbium glass laser is studied. Zinc selenide (ZnSe) crystals doped with Co2+ and Cr2+ ions and magnesium—aluminium spinel (MgAl2O4) crystals doped with Co2+ ions were used as saturable absorbers in Q switches. It is shown that, depending on the type of a saturable absorber, the pump power, and the resonator design, the laser pulse energy can vary from 0.2 to 13 μJ, the pulse duration from 16 to 980 ns, and the pulse repetition rate from 0.1 to 30 kHz.

  14. Two-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Pan, Lei; Utkin, Ilya; Fedosejevs, Robert

    2008-08-04

    A high power passively Q-switched dual wavelength Yb fiber laser using a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber has been realized. Two wavelengths centered at 1040 nm and 1070 nm are generated directly from the cladding pumped Yb doped fiber laser. The pulse trains exhibit regions of stability and instability dependent on the pump power. At a pump power of 7.8 W, 1040 nm and 1070 nm pulses are generated alternatively, with pulse durations of 105 ns, pulse-repetition rates of 32 KHz and average pulse energies of 56 microJ and 47 microJ, respectively. A theoretical model is developed to simulate the two-wavelength Q-switched operation, which gives qualitative agreement with the experimental observations.

  15. Growth and passively self-Q-switched laser output of new Nd3+,Cr5+:GdVO4 crystal.

    PubMed

    Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Zhengping; Wang, Jiyang; Yu, Yonggui; Gao, Wenlan; Tao, Xutang; Jiang, Minhua

    2008-03-03

    A new passively self-Q-switched Nd, Cr:GdVO(4) laser crystal was grown by Czochralski method for the first time to our knowledge. Polarized absorption spectra were measured at room temperature. The absorption bands display polarization character and an absorption band of Cr(5+) ions at 1110 nm enables the crystal to be a self-Q-switched laser material at 1.06 mum. In the passive self-Q-switching operation, the maximum output power, shortest pulse width, and largest pulse energy were obtained to be 265 mW, 230 ns, and 1.12 microJ, respectively.

  16. On the possibility of a new passively Q-switched laser operation mode with periodic wavelength switching

    SciTech Connect

    Fedorov, A V; Fomichev, A A; Doroshenko, M E

    2015-06-30

    The possibility of cw-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation has been examined theoretically. Also, we have proposed laser operation mode in which the output wavelength automatically switches between two values without any changes in cavity parameters. Using numerical simulation and an Er:YAG laser with a Co:ZnSe passive Q-switch as an example, we have found parameters that ensure such operation mode. (lasers)

  17. Electrical addressing and temporal tweezing of localized pulses in passively-mode-locked semiconductor lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camelin, P.; Javaloyes, J.; Marconi, M.; Giudici, M.

    2016-12-01

    We show that the pumping current is a convenient parameter for manipulating the temporal localized structures (LSs), also called localized pulses, found in passively-mode-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. While short electrical pulses can be used for writing and erasing individual LSs, we demonstrate that a current modulation introduces a temporally evolving parameter landscape allowing one to control the position and the dynamics of LSs. We show that the localized pulse drifting speed in this landscape depends almost exclusively on the local parameter value instead of depending on the landscape gradient, as shown in quasi-instantaneous media. This experimental observation is theoretically explained by the causal response time of the semiconductor carriers that occurs on a finite time scale and breaks the parity invariance along the cavity, thus leading to a different paradigm for temporal tweezing of localized pulses. Different modulation waveforms are applied for describing exhaustively this paradigm. Starting from a generic model of passive mode locking based upon delay differential equations, we deduce the effective equations of motion for these LSs in a time-dependent current landscape.

  18. Dilute nitride absorbers in passive devices for mode locking of solid-state lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schön, S.; Rutz, A.; Liverini, V.; Grange, R.; Haiml, M.; Zeller, S. C.; Keller, U.

    2005-05-01

    We report on the growth, material and nonlinear optical properties of GaInNAs quantum wells (QWs) used in semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for passive mode locking of solid-state lasers in the telecommunication wavelength range from 1.3 to 1.55 μm. The antiresonant SESAMs were grown by molecular beam epitaxy with a nitrogen concentration of 1.6% and 2.6%, respectively. They were subject to rapid thermal annealing to fine-tune the absorption wavelength by blueshifting the photoluminescence wavelength. The appearance of QW intermixing upon thermal annealing was studied by X-ray rocking curve measurements. The thermal annealing procedure was proved not to alter the GaInNAs SESAM by QW intermixing for temperatures up to 800 °C. Optical characterization was applied to investigate the nonlinear SESAM properties. Degenerate pump-probe experiments revealed similar recovery times for both SESAMs in the tens of picoseconds range. We demonstrated stable self-starting passive cw mode locking with sub-10 ps pulses at 1314 and 1534 nm.

  19. Nd:YAG laser with passive-active mode-locking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Weijiang; Chen, Zhenlei; Ren, Deming; Qu, Yanchen; Mo, Shuang; Huang, Jinjer; Andreev, Yury M.; Gorobets, Vadim A.; Petukhov, Vladimir O.; Zemlyanov, Aleksei A.

    2008-03-01

    All solid-state flash-lamp pumped passive-active mode-locked Nd3+:YAG laser is designed and experimentally studded. Saturation absorber Cr4+:YAG with initial transparency 25 and 47% are used as a passive Q-switcher and acousto-optical fused quartz modulator as an active mode-locker. Efficient length of the laser cavity with fixed mirror positions (1.45 m spaced) is droved by changes of 100% flat mirror for concave mirrors with different focus lengths. Changeable output mirrors with transparencies of 15 and 50% are used. Driving of the cavity parameters, laser and acousto-optical modulator power supply voltages let us to control output pulse train and single pulse parameters. As it goes from the analyses of oscillograms fixed with pyroelectric detector (τ=0.5 ns) and 1 GHz oscilloscope, over 95% of pulse output energy has been mode-locked. Average duration of the pulse train envelope of 5 to 50 single pulses at FWHM has been droved within 50 to 600 ns. When this single pulse duration is controlled but did not exceed 2 ns.

  20. LASERS: Transversely diode-pumped passively Q-switched erbium glass laser emitter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bykov, V. N.; Izyneev, A. A.; Sadovoi, A. G.; Sadovskii, P. I.; Sorokina, O. A.

    2008-03-01

    The properties of a laser diode array-pumped passively Q-switched ytterbium-erbium glass laser emitter are studied. It is found experimentally that the maximum output energy is achieved when the diameter of the TEM00 mode is 0.65-0.77 of the transverse size of the active element. By using two 100-W linear laser diode arrays with the output power not exceeding 70% of the maximum power, 5 mJ was achieved in a 50-ns diffraction-limited single pulse for the efficiency (with respect to the pump radiation energy) of 1.35%.

  1. A Passively Q-Switched, CW-Pumped Fe:ZnSe Laser

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    diode - pumped solid-state (DPSS) lasers [9] with a combined maximum pump power of 3 W at 2936 nm. This work used an X-shaped cavity design with an...600–606, Mar. 2012. [9] J. G. Sousa, D. Welford, and J. Foster, “Efficient 1.5 W CW and 7 mJ quasi-CW TEM00 mode operation of a compact diode - laser ...204 IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 50, NO. 3, MARCH 2014 A Passively Q-Switched, CW- Pumped Fe:ZnSe Laser Jonathan W. Evans, Patrick A

  2. CW and passively Q-Switched operation of a Ho:YAG waveguide laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDaniel, Sean A.; Berry, Patrick A.; Cook, Gary; Zelmon, David; Meissner, Stephanie; Meissner, Helmuth; Mu, Xaiodong

    2017-06-01

    We report the first demonstration of a Ho: YAG crystal fiber waveguide (CFW) laser operating at 2.09 μm. The CFW structure was produced by adhesive free bonding of holmium doped yttrium aluminum garnet core to an undoped yttrium aluminum garnet cladding. The laser produced CW output powers greater than 500 mW with slope efficiency of 17%. The same crystal when passively Q-switched with Cr: ZnSe, produced pulsed output with energies of 1 μJ at a repetition frequency of 442 kHz.

  3. Reduced group delay dispersion in quantum dot passively mode-locked lasers operating at elevated temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mee, J. K.; Raghunathan, R.; Murrell, D.; Braga, A.; Li, Y.; Lester, L. F.

    2014-09-01

    A detailed study of the pulse characteristics emitted from a monolithic Quantum Dot (QD) passively Mode-Locked Laser (MLL) has been performed using a state-of-the-art Frequency Resolved Optical Gating (FROG) pulse measurement system. While traditionally the time-domain pulse characteristics of semiconductor MLLs have been studied using digital sampling oscilloscope or intensity autocorrelation techniques, the FROG measurements allow for simultaneous characterization of time and frequency, which has been shown to be necessary and sufficient for true determination of mode-locked stability. In this paper, FROG pulse measurements are presented on a two-section QD MLL operating over wide temperature excursions. The FROG measurement allows for extraction of the temporal and spectral intensity and phase profiles from which the Group Delay Dispersion (GDD) can be determined. The magnitude of the GDD is found to decrease from 16.1 to 3.5 ps/nm when the temperature is increased from 20 to 50 oC, mirroring the trend of pulse width reduction at elevated temperature, which has been shown to correlate strongly with reduced unsaturated absorption. The possibility to further optimize pulse generation via intra-cavity dispersion compensation in a novel three-section MLL design is also examined, and shows strong potential toward providing valuable insight into the optimal cavity designs and operating parameters for QD MLLs.

  4. Experimental demonstration of a passive all-fiber Q-switched erbium- and samarium-doped laser.

    PubMed

    Preda, Cristina Elena; Ravet, Gautier; Mégret, Patrice

    2012-02-15

    Self-Q-switched operation of the all-fiber laser using erbium and samarium fibers in the cavity is realized experimentally. This passively Q-switched all-fiber laser produces very stable pulses with energy of 142 nJ and duration of 450 ns. The experimental results were well reproduced by the results obtained through the numerical integration of a rate-equations model.

  5. High-peak-power single-oscillator actively Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+-doped fiber laser and its application for high-average output power mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber.

    PubMed

    Kneis, Christian; Donelan, Brenda; Manek-Hönninger, Inka; Robin, Thierry; Cadier, Benoît; Eichhorn, Marc; Kieleck, Christelle

    2016-06-01

    A single-oscillator actively Q-switched mode-locked (QML) thulium-doped silica fiber laser is presented and used to pump a ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) fiber for mid-infrared (mid-IR) supercontinuum (SC) generation. The fiber laser provided high-peak-power levels directly from the oscillator delivering single mode-locked pulse energies up to 48 μJ, being 2-4 orders of magnitude higher than conventional continuous wave mode-locked lasers. By pumping a ZBLAN fiber specially designed for high-output-power SC generation, 7.8 W have been achieved in all spectral bands with a spectrum extending to 4.2 μm.

  6. Tuning the external optical feedback-sensitivity of a passively mode-locked quantum dot laser

    SciTech Connect

    Raghunathan, R. Kovanis, V.; Lester, L. F.; Grillot, F.; Mee, J. K.; Murrell, D.

    2014-07-28

    The external optical feedback-sensitivity of a two-section, passively mode-locked quantum dot laser operating at elevated temperature is experimentally investigated as a function of absorber bias voltage. Results show that the reverse-bias voltage on the absorber has a direct impact on the damping rate of the free-running relaxation oscillations of the optical signal output, thereby enabling interactive external control over the feedback-response of the device, even under the nearly resonant cavity configuration. The combination of high temperature operation and tunable feedback-sensitivity is highly promising from a technological standpoint, in particular, for applications requiring monolithic integration of multi-component architectures on a single chip in order to accomplish, for instance, the dual-objectives of stable pulse quality and isolation from parasitic reflections.

  7. A passively mode locked thulium doped fiber laser using bismuth telluride deposited multimode interference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, M.; Lee, J.; Song, W.; Lee, Y. L.; Lee, J. H.; Shin, W.

    2016-05-01

    We proposed a multimode interference (MMI) fiber based saturable absorber using bismuth telluride at  ∼2 μm region. Our MMI based saturable absorber was fabricated by fusion splicing with single mode fiber and null core fiber. The MMI functioned as both wavelength fixed filter and saturable absorber. The 3 dB bandwidth and insertion loss of MMI were 42 nm and 3.4 dB at wavelength of 1958 nm, respectively. We have also reported a passively mode locked thulium doped fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 1958 nm using a multimode interference. A temporal bandwidth of  ∼46 ps was experimentally obtained at a repetition rate of 8.58 MHz.

  8. Energy enhancement of mixed Nd:LuYSGG crystal in passively Q-switched lasers.

    PubMed

    Wang, Baolin; Tian, Li; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Jiyang

    2015-07-01

    The continuous-wave (cw) and passively Q-switched laser performances of mixed Nd:Lu(2)YSc(1.5)Ga(3.5)O(12) (Nd:LuYSGG) crystal at 1.06 μm were reported for the first time. The cw output power reached 4.39 W at the absorbed pump power of 10.34 W with slope efficiency of 48.0%. With a Cr(4+):YAG crystal as both the saturable absorber and output coupler, a passively Q-switched laser was realized with the maximum average output power of 1.43 W and slope efficiency of 21.0%. The shortest pulse width, largest pulse energy, and highest peak power were 4.1 ns, 157.1 μJ, and 38.3 kW, respectively. Compared with Nd:Lu(3)Sc(1.5)Ga(3.5)O(12) (Nd:LuSGG) crystal, the pulse energy and peak power are enhanced over more than two times for Nd:LuYSGG. The results show that Nd:LuYSGG crystal is a promising laser material with large energy storage capacities and suitable for the application of pulsed lasers with shorter pulses and larger energies.

  9. Passively Q-switched flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG laser using liquid graphene oxide as saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adnan, N. N.; Bidin, N.; Taib, N. A. M.; Haris, H.; Fakaruddin, M.; Hashim, A. M.; Krishnan, G.; Harun, S. W.

    2016-06-01

    The performance of passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser operating at 1060 nm is demonstrated using liquid graphene oxide (GO) composite solution as saturable absorber for the first time. The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is pumped by a xenon flashlamp. The GO was prepared using the simplified Hummer's method and then mixed with polyethylene oxide to form a composite solution. The Q-switched pulsed laser operates at wavelength of 1064.5 nm with a threshold pump energy of 33.64 J. The maximum output Q-switched laser energy of 41.6 mJ achieved at the maximum pump energy of 81 J. The corresponding pulse width is 98.67 ns.

  10. Compact and efficient 2μm Tm:YAP lasers with mechanical or passive Q-switching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, Brian; Goldberg, Lew

    2017-02-01

    We describe compact and efficient Q-switched diode-pumped, Tm:YAP lasers operating at 1.94μm. Laser CW and Q-switched performance is compared, using both compact mechanical as well as passive Q-switching. For passive Q-switching using a Cr:ZnS saturable absorber (unsaturated transmission of 95%), the laser produced 0.5mJ pulses with an average power of 4.4W and 6.5kW peak power, and had an optical efficiency of 30%. A resonant mirror mechanical Q-switch resulted in a 4 kHz PRF pulse train, with an optical slope efficiency of 52% and an optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 41%. The laser generated 1.5 mJ, 45 ns FWHM, 33kW peak power pulses, and 6.2W of average output. A second mechanically Q-switched laser operating at 10 kHz PRF produced 1mJ, 35kW peak power pulses, generating 11W average power with an optical efficiency of 46%, and a beam quality of 1.4x diffraction limit.

  11. Theory of passive mode locking of solid-state lasers using metal nanocomposites as slow saturable absorbers.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kwang-Hyon; Griebner, Uwe; Herrmann, Joachim

    2012-05-01

    Mode locking of solid-state lasers using metal nanocomposites as slow saturable absorbers (SAs) is studied theoretically. The derived equation for the transient nonlinear response of metal nanocomposites is based on the semiclassical two-temperature model. The model is confirmed experimentally by pump-probe measurements on Au nanoparticles (NPs). The theory was applied to study passive mode locking of a solid-state laser containing Au NPs as SA in the green spectral range. Pulse durations as short as 100 fs are predicted, and design criteria of metal NP SAs are derived.

  12. Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiaohui; Wang, Yonggang; Wang, Yishan; Liu, Xianglian; Zhao, Wei; Hu, Xiaohong; Yang, Zhi; Zhang, Wei; Gao, Cunxiao; Shen, Deyuan; Li, Cheng; Tsang, Yuen H.

    2013-04-01

    A passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser is demonstrated based on a band-pass filter together with a novel fabricated single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) wallpaper absorber. Mode-locking can be achieved with a low threshold pump power of 32 mW. The proposed fiber laser operates at 1064 nm with the spectral width of about 0.57 nm and pulse repetition rate of about 19.45 MHz. The pulse duration is about 276 ps, which can be used directly as seed source for chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system.

  13. Low-threshold, dual-passive mode locking of a large mode area Nd:GdVO(4) laser.

    PubMed

    Schieffer, S L; Brajkovic, D; Cornea, A I; Schroeder, W A

    2006-07-24

    The all solid-state combination of a saturable Bragg mirror for amplitude modulation and a cascaded chi((2)):chi((2)) nonlinearity (phase-mismatched second harmonic crystal) as an axial-mode phase locker for continuous-wave mode locking of large mode area lasers is investigated. The dual-passive mode-locking technique generates extremely stable sub-10ps sech(2) pulses at 76MHz from a ~6W, TEM(00)-mode, diode-pumped, thermal-lens-shaped, Brewster Nd:GdVO(4) laser.

  14. Passive harmonic mode locking in a monolayer graphene-based long cavity fiber laser with high pulse energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Xiaoying; Wang, D. N.

    2016-11-01

    Passive harmonic mode-locking fiber laser is experimentally demonstrated with high pulse energy and excellent signal-to-noise-ratio by employing monolayer graphene and multi-mode fiber. A repetition rate of 20.26 MHz corresponding to the 3rd harmonic mode-locking has been achieved, with a pulse duration of 603 fs, and a high single-pulse energy of 1.04 nJ. The spectral width of the pulses is found to be decreased with the increase of the harmonic order. Such a fiber laser is suitable for optical access network or material processing applications.

  15. High-power femtosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Nd:SrLaAlO4 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Shan-De; Dong, Lu-Lu; Zheng, Li-He; Berkowski, Marek; Su, Liang-Bi; Ren, Ting-Qi; Peng, Yan-Dong; Hou, Jia; Zhang, Bai-Tao; He, Jing-Liang

    2016-07-01

    A high optical quality Nd:SrLaAlO4 (Nd:SLA) crystal was grown using the Czochralski method and showed broad fluorescence spectrum with a full width at half maximum value of 34 nm, which is beneficial for generating femtosecond laser pulses. A stable diode-pumped passively mode-locked femtosecond Nd:SLA laser with 458 fs pulse duration was achieved for the first time at a central wavelength of 1077.9 nm. The average output power of the continuous-wave mode-locked laser was 520 mW and the repetition rate was 78.5 MHz.

  16. Low repetition rate and broad frequency tuning from a grating-coupled passively mode-locked quantum dot laser

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, H. C. Wu, Q. Y.; Pan, C. H.; Lee, C. P.; Lin, G.

    2013-11-18

    Passively mode-locked quantum dot lasers with a grating-coupled external cavity arrangement are investigated. A broad repetition-rate tuning range of fundamental mode-locking from 2 GHz to a record-low frequency of 79.3 MHz is achieved with selecting the wavelength at 1.28 μm. A narrow RF linewidth of ∼25 Hz and an intrinsic linewidth as low as 0.15 Hz are also obtained.

  17. Nanosecond passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser based on WS2 saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xi; Li, Lu; Wang, Yonggang; Zhang, Ling; Wen, Qiao; Yang, Guowen

    2017-04-01

    We report on a nanosecond pulse generation in a diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) solution saturable absorber (SA). The WS2 suspension is fabricated by the liquid-phase-exfoliated method and injected into a quartz cell for the use of SA. Compared with solid absorber, such solution absorber has the virtues of good optical transparency, high heat dissipation and long term stability. By inserting the WS2 solution SA in the laser cavity, a stable Q-switched laser operation centered at 1064.45 nm wavelength is obtained with the shortest pulse duration of 788 ns and corresponding repetition rate of 333.5 kHz. The maximum average output power is registered to be 720 mW with the slope efficiency of 7.8%. To the best of our knowledge, it is the highest output power so far among pulsed lasers based on transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) SAs. The results demonstrate that WS2 solution absorber is a promising saturable absorber for the generation of high output power pulsed lasers.

  18. Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Nd:LYSO lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhuang, S. D.; Xu, X. D.; Wang, Z. P.; Li, D. Z.; Yu, H. H.; Xu, J.; Guo, L.; Chen, L. J.; Zhao, Y. G.; Xu, X. G.

    2011-04-01

    Continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched performance of a Nd-doped oyorthosilicate mixing crystal, (Nd0.005Lu0.4975Y0.4975)2SiO5 (Nd:LYSO), were reported. As a result, new dual-wavelength all-solid-state lasers at 1075 and 1079 nm were achieved. When the absorbed pump power was 3.87 W, the CW laser produced 1.1 W output, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency of 28.4% and a slope efficiency of 32.4%. By using a Cr4+:YAG wafer as the saturable absorber, we achieved Q-switching operation of Nd:LYSO crystal. The maximal average output power, shortest pulse width, largest pulse energy and highest peak power were measured to be 294 mW, 27.5 ns, 34.3 μJ and 1.18 kW, respectively. By difference frequency, these dual-wavelength lasers have potential applications for the generation of a broadband coherent radiation from 0.7-1.3 THz.

  19. Low-repetition-rate, high-energy, twin-pulse, passively mode locked Yb3+-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Liu, Dongfeng; Zhu, Xiaojun; Wang, Chinhua; Yu, Jianjun; Hu, Danfeng

    2011-02-01

    We report an all-normal-dispersion, low-repetition-rate, high-energy, twin-pulse, passively mode locked ytterbium-doped fiber laser. The mode-locking mechanism of the laser is based on nonlinear polarization evolution and strong pulse shaping with a cascade long-period fiber grating bandpass filtering in a highly chirped pulse. The laser generates a highly stable twin-pulse group with 248 ps and 296 ps duration simultaneously and maximum pulse energy of 26.8 nJ-each pulse at a 2.5445 MHz repetition rate. Energy quantization is observed, which demonstrates the nonparabolic nature of these pulses. The laser can also work in third-harmonic mode locking with 17.8 nJ energy (at a repetition rate of 7.65 MHz and pulse width of 780 ps).

  20. Passive mode-locking of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO(4) laser by intracavity SHG in PPKTP.

    PubMed

    Iliev, Hristo; Chuchumishev, Danail; Buchvarov, Ivan; Petrov, Valentin

    2010-03-15

    Experimental results on passive mode-locking of a Nd:YVO(4) laser using intracavity frequency doubling in periodically poled KTP (PPKTP) crystal are reported. Both, negative cascaded chi((2)) lensing and frequency doubling nonlinear mirror (FDNLM) are exploited for the laser mode-locking. The FDNLM based on intensity dependent reflection in the laser cavity ensures self-starting and self-sustaining mode-locking while the cascaded chi((2)) lens process contributes to substantial pulse shortening. This hybrid technique enables generation of stable trains of pulses at high-average output power with several picoseconds pulse width. The pulse repetition rate of the laser is 117 MHz with average output power ranging from 0.5 to 3.1 W and pulse duration from 2.9 to 5.2 ps.

  1. Passive mode locking of a Nd:YVO4 laser with an extra-long optical resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolev, V. Z.; Lederer, M. J.; Luther-Davies, B.; Rode, A. V.

    2003-07-01

    We describe a mode-locked, diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser with a very long optical cavity operating at 1064 nm. High-modulation, InGaAs quantum-well, semiconductor saturable-absorber mirrors were used for passive mode locking, providing a stable train of 13-ps pulses. A novel zero-q-transformation multipass cell provided a variable-length optical cavity as much as 100 m long. The output beam had M2 < 1.1 at average powers of 4.1, 3.9, and 3.5 W at repetition rates of 4.1, 2.6, and 1.5 MHz, respectively. To the best of our knowledge the last of these is the lowest repetition rate ever generated directly from a mode-locked nonfiber solid-state laser without cavity dumping.

  2. Optical feedback instabilities in a monolithic InAs/GaAs quantum dot passively mode-locked laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grillot, F.; Lin, C.-Y.; Naderi, N. A.; Pochet, M.; Lester, L. F.

    2009-04-01

    The impact of optical feedback on the direct performance of a monolithic InAs/GaAs quantum dot passively mode-locked laser intended for applications such as multigigahertz interchip/intrachip clock distribution is experimentally investigated. Evaluation of the feedback resistance is an important feature, as the laser is to be monolithically integrated on chip with other devices, in which case optical isolation is difficult. This work shows that a feedback level on the order of -24 dB is detrimental for mode-locking operation, enhancing noise in the rf electrical signal, strongly narrowing the useful mode-locking region as well as causing central frequency shift, and severe instabilities.

  3. Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals.

    PubMed

    Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Zhengping; Wang, Jiyang; Yu, Yonggui; Shao, Zongshu; Jiang, Minhua

    2007-08-01

    Passive Q-switching operation has been demonstrated with a class of mixed Nd:Lu(x)Gd(1-x)VO(4) laser crystals. With respect to that obtained with Nd:GdVO(4), the passive Q-switching performance, including threshold, pulse energy, and peak power, was found to be greatly enhanced with the mixed vanadate crystals. The shortest pulse width of 6.2 ns, largest pulse energy of 192.5 microJ, and highest peak power of 31.1 kW were obtained at the incident pump power of 13.75 W with the mixed crystal for x=0.5.

  4. Dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Nd:LuYSiO5 laser with SESAM.

    PubMed

    Cong, Zhenhua; Tang, Dingyuan; De Tan, Wei; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Changwen; Luo, Dewei; Xu, Xiaodong; Li, Dongzhen; Xu, Jun; Zhang, Xingyu; Wang, Qingpu

    2011-02-28

    A diode-end-pumped dual-wavelength mode-locked laser based on Nd:LuYSiO5 crystal is demonstrated. With a SESAM, simultaneous mode locking at the 1075.8 nm and 1078.1 nm is achieved and the dual-wavelength mode locked pulses have a pulse width of 8.9 ps. Due to frequency beating, ultrahigh repetition rate ultrafast pulses with 997 fs pulse width and 0.59 THz repetition rate are further formed. Under 12.7 W absorbed pump power 1.7 W mode-locked output power was obtained, the slope efficiency of the mode locked laser was 24.3%.

  5. A high repetition rate passively Q-switched microchip laser for controllable transverse laser modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Jun; Bai, Sheng-Chuang; Liu, Sheng-Hui; Ueda, Ken-Ichi; Kaminskii, Alexander A.

    2016-05-01

    A Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser for versatile controllable transverse laser modes has been demonstrated by adjusting the position of the Nd:YVO4 crystal along the tilted pump beam direction. The pump beam diameter-dependent asymmetric saturated inversion population inside the Nd:YVO4 crystal governs the oscillation of various Laguerre-Gaussian, Ince-Gaussian and Hermite-Gaussian modes. Controllable transverse laser modes with repetition rates over 25 kHz and up to 183 kHz, depending on the position of the Nd:YVO4 crystal, have been achieved. The controllable transverse laser beams with a nanosecond pulse width and peak power over hundreds of watts have been obtained for potential applications in optical trapping and quantum computation.

  6. Natural Gas Engine Performance Ignited by a Passively Q-Switched Microlaser

    SciTech Connect

    Bihari, Bipin; Biruduganti, Munidhar; Gupta, Sreenath

    2015-04-01

    A robust end pumped, passively Q-switched, air-cooled, microlaser was designed and prototyped to yield a 1064 nm pulsed laser output of 21 mJ/P with a pulse width of 4.2 ns FWHM. This microlaser was coupled to a standard laser plug carrying a sapphire lens with 13 mm back focal length. This assembly was tested in a natural gas fueled single-cylinder engine, and in one cylinder of a turbocharged 6-cylinder engine. Single cylinder engine tests showed extension of the lean ignition limit which enabled an efficiency improvement of 0.2% while meeting emission regulations. The tests conducted in the 6-cylinder engine showed highly improved ignition stability.

  7. Efficient passively Q-switched miniature Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 crystal laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Wenjuan; Chen, Xiaowen; Xia, Linhua; Wu, Kui; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Shiwu; Liu, Junhai

    2015-08-01

    A passively Q-switched miniature Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 crystal laser is demonstrated under 935-nm diode pumping, producing an average output power of 3.21 W at 1035 nm at a pulse repetition frequency of 26.3 kHz, with optical-to-optical and slope efficiencies being 36.5% and 60%, respectively. With the output coupling being increased and the initial transmission of the saturable absorber being lowered, an output power of 1.61 W at 1026 nm is generated at 8.3 kHz, the resulting pulse energy, duration and peak power were respectively 194 μJ, 2.5 ns and 77.6 kW.

  8. Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Nd:GYTO4 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Yufei; Peng, Zhenfang; He, Ying; Yao, Wenming; Yan, Renpeng; Li, Xudong; Yu, Xin; Peng, Fang; Zhang, Qingli; Dou, Renqin; Li, Linjun; Gao, Jing

    2017-09-01

    A diode-pumped passively Q-switched 1066 nm laser with a novel Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3TaO4 mixed crystal was demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. A maximum output power of 6.37 W was obtained at an absorbed pump power of 20 W in continuous-wave operation, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 35%. The pulsed Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3TaO4 laser performance was investigated theoretically and experimentally. After optimization by selection of Cr4+:YAG saturable absorbers, at an absorbed pump power of 16.2 W, the attained minimum pulse width was 22 ns with the pulse repetition frequency of 74 kHz, and the single pulse energy and peak power were estimated to be 28 µJ and 1.34 kW, respectively.

  9. Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG micro laser with high beam quality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Xuesong; Hui, Yongling; Jiang, Menghua; Lei, Hong; Li, Qiang

    2016-10-01

    Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG micro lasers, with short pulse width, high repetition rate, high peak power and compact structure, have widely applications in laser mico processing, optical communication, laser radar, medical and other fields. But its beam quality is not excellent because of short resonant cavity, thermal effect of crystal, and pump laser. The beam quality is promoted in this paper by compressing the pump beam size and confirming the best position of pump beam focus in crystal. The repletion rate of laser is 20kHz. The output single pulse energy is 18.2μJ and pulse width is 1.23ns. The beam quality of laser is M2=1.18.

  10. Compact, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for the MESSENGER mission to Mercury.

    PubMed

    Krebs, Danny J; Novo-Gradac, Anne-Marie; Li, Steven X; Lindauer, Steven J; Afzal, Robert S; Yu, Anthony W

    2005-03-20

    A compact, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser has been developed for the Mercury Laser Altimeter, an instrument on the Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging mission to the planet Mercury. The laser achieves 5.4% efficiency with a near-diffraction-limited beam. It passed all space-flight environmental tests at subsystem, instrument, and satellite integration testing and successfully completes a postlaunch aliveness check en route to Mercury. The laser design draws on a heritage of previous laser altimetry missions, specifically the Ice Cloud and Elevation Satellite and the Mars Global Surveyor, but incorporates thermal management features unique to the requirements of an orbit of the planet Mercury.

  11. High repetition rate passively Q-switched fiber and microchip lasers for optical resolution photoacoustic imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Wei; Utkin, Ilya; Ranasinghesagara, Janaka; Pan, Lei; Godwal, Yogesh; Kerr, Shaun; Zemp, Roger J.; Fedosejevs, Robert

    2010-02-01

    Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy is a novel imaging technology for visualizing optically-absorbing superficial structures in vivo with lateral spatial resolution determined by optical focusing rather than acoustic detection. Since scanning of the illumination spot is required, the imaging speed is limited by the scanning speed and the laser pulse repetition rate. Unfortunately, lasers with high-repetition rate and suitable pulse durations and energies are difficult to find. We are developing compact laser sources for this application. Passively Q-switched fiber and microchip lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 300 kHz are demonstrated. Using a diode-pumped microchip laser fiber-coupled to a large mode-area Yb-doped fiber amplifier we obtained 60μJ 1-ns pulses at the frequency-doubled 532-nm wavelength. The pulse-repetition rate was determined by the power of the microchip laser pump source at 808nm and may exceed 10 kHz. Additionally, a passively Q-switched fiber laser utilizing a Yb-doped double-cladding fiber and an external saturable absorber has shown to produce 250ns pulses at repetition rates of 100-300 KHz. A photoacoustic probe enabling flexible scanning of the focused output of these lasers consisted of a 45-degree glass prism in an optical index-matching fluid. Photoacoustic signals exiting the sample are deflected by the prism to an ultrasound transducer. Phantom studies with a 7.5-micron carbon fiber demonstrate the ability to image with optical rather than acoustic resolution. We believe that the high pulse-repetition rates and the potentially compact and fiber-coupled nature of these lasers will prove important for clinical imaging applications where realtime imaging performance is essential.

  12. Multi-watt passively Q-switched Yb:YAB/Cr:YAG microchip lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serres, Josep Maria; Loiko, Pavel; Mateos, Xavier; Liu, Junhai; Zhang, Huaijing; Yumashev, Konstantin; Griebner, Uwe; Petrov, Valentin; Aguiló, Magdalena; Díaz, Francesc

    2017-02-01

    A trigonal 5.6 at.% Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 (Yb:YAB) crystal is employed in continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched microchip lasers pumped by a diode at 978 nm. Using a 3 mm-thick, c-cut Yb:YAB crystal, which has a higher pump absorption efficiency, efficient CW microchip laser operation is demonstrated. This laser generated a maximum output power of 7.18 W at 1041-1044 nm with a slope efficiency η of 67% (with respect to the absorbed pump power) and an almost diffraction-limited beam, M2 x,y < 1.1. Inserting a Cr:YAG saturable absorber, stable passive Q-switching of the Yb:YAB microchip laser was obtained. The maximum average output power from the Yb:YAB/Cr:YAG laser reached 2.82 W at 1042 nm with η = 53% and a conversion efficiency with respect to the CW mode of 65% (when using a 0.7 mm-thick Cr:YAG). The latter corresponded to a pulse duration and energy of 7.1 ns / 47 μJ at a pulse repetition rate (PRR) of 60 kHz. Using a 1.3 mm-thick Cr:YAG, 2.02 W were achieved at 1041 nm corresponding to η = 38%. The pulse characteristics were 4.9 ns / 83 μJ at PRR = 24.3 kHz and the maximum peak power reached 17 kW. Yb:YAB crystals are very promising for compact sub-ns power-scalable microchip lasers.

  13. Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GAGG laser at 938 nm with V3+:YAG saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, S. D.; Zhang, B. T.; He, J. L.; Yang, H. W.; Xu, J. L.; Liu, F. Q.; Yang, J. F.; Yang, X. Q.; Huang, H. T.

    2010-10-01

    The continuous wave (CW) and passively Q-switched Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 (Nd:GAGG) laser operation at 938 nm have been realized for the first time. The maximum CW output power of 0.44 W was obtained under the absorbed pump power of 8.54 W, corresponding to the slope efficiency of 7.8% and optical-to-optical efficiency of 5.2% respectively. A V3+:YAG saturable absorber crystal with the initial transmission of 97% was used for the passive Q-switching regime. The maximum average output power of 0.19 W was achieved with the minimum pulse width of 358 ns and Q-switched repetition rate of 116 kHz. The corresponding single pulse energy and pulse peak power were determined to be 1.6 μJ and 4.6 W, respectively.

  14. Pulse bundles and passive harmonic mode-locked pulses in Tm-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiong; Zhou, Pu; Wang, Xiaolin; Xiao, Hu; Liu, Zejin

    2014-03-10

    We demonstrate the nanosecond-level pulses in Tm-doped fiber laser generated by passively harmonic mode-locking. Nonlinear polarization rotation performed by two polarization controllers (PCs) is employed to induce the self-starting harmonic mode-locking. The fundamental repetition rate of the laser is 448.8 kHz, decided by the length of the cavity. Bundles of pulses with up to 17 uniform subpulses are generated due to the split of pulse when the pump power increases and the PCs are adjusted. Continuous harmonic mode-locked pulse trains are obtained with 1st to 6th and even more than 15th order when the positions of the PCs are properly fixed and the pump power is scaled up. The widths of all the uniform individual pulses are mostly 3-5 ns, and pulse with width of 304 ns at fundamental repetition rate can also be generated by adjusting the PCs. Hysteresis phenomenon of the passively harmonic mode-locked pulses' repetition frequency versus pump power is observed. The rather wide 3dB spectral bandwidth of the pulse train (25 nm) indicates that they may resemble noise-like pulses.

  15. Hybrid Nd 3+-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser made by ion exchange

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salas-Montiel, Rafael; Bastard, Lionel; Broquin, Jean-Emmanuel

    2008-02-01

    In the mid 80's, the doping of optical fiber's core with rare earth atoms has been a major breakthrough in the field of optical telecommunications since it allowed the realization of in-line optical amplifiers. However, erbium-doped fiber amplifiers are a few meters long and a huge effort has been made in order to realize compact and efficient active devices based on rare-earth-doped waveguides. For this purpose the use of phosphate glasses instead of silicate ones has been investigated because they allow a better solubility of the inserted rare earths. In this paper we present the realization of a hybrid Neodymium-doped passively Q-switched waveguide laser made by ion exchange on a Schott IOG-1 phosphate laser glass combined with the deposition of a BDN saturable absorber diluted in a cellulose acetate polymer cladding. In a first step, we present the CW operation of the laser with an undoped cladding. We show that for a 3.5-μm wide, 1.4-cm long waveguide realized by a silver-sodium ion exchange, a 6 mW output has been achieved by creating a Fabry-Perot cavity with dielectric multilayers mirrors sticked to the chip facets. Then, the characterizations performed on the BDN doped layers are presented. It is shown that a proper selection of the hybrid guiding structure and saturable absorber concentration entail an excess absorption ranging from 1 to 10 dB/cm at zero flux. Finally, results on Q-switched behavior are presented. Optical pulse duration of 2-ns (FWHM) was obtained with repetition rates ranging from 5 to around 50 kHz for a 22 W pulse peak power.

  16. Simple optical frequency comb generation using a passively mode-locked quantum dot laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Li; Zhang, Xiupu; Xu, Tiefeng; Dai, Zhenxiang; Liu, Taijun

    2017-08-01

    A simple and quasi-tunable optical frequency comb (OFC) generator is proposed and experimentally demonstrated using a C-band passively Fabry-Pérot quantum dot mode-locked laser and a dual-driven LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator. A 16-nm bandwidth OFC with 81, 58 and 30 comb lines at frequency interval of 23.3 GHz, 35 GHz and 70 GHz respectively is obtained experimentally. Measured average optical signal to noise ratio of 10-dB bandwidth OFCs is 36.3 dB, 38.5 dB and 40.8 dB at frequency interval of 23.3 GHz, 35 GHz and 70 GHz, respectively. Besides, single-sideband phase noise of the 23.3 GHz and 35 GHz frequency comb is -110 dBc/Hz and -102 dBc/Hz at an offset of 1 kHz, respectively. RF linewidth of the 23.3 GHz and 35 GHz OFC is about from 275 Hz to 289 Hz. This is considered a very simple OFC generator with a broadband and seamless spectrum.

  17. Passively mode-locked soliton femtosecond pulses employing graphene saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lau, K. Y.; Muhammad, F. D.; Latif, A. A.; Abu Bakar, M. H.; Yusoff, Z.; Mahdi, M. A.

    2017-09-01

    We demonstrate a passively mode-locked fiber laser incorporating graphene thin film (GTF) as saturable absorber (SA). The SA is fabricated by sandwiching the GTF between two single mode fiber ferrules through a fiber adaptor. The transmission loss at 1560 nm and non-linear saturation absorption modulation depth for GTF-SA are 0.8 dB and 2.90%, respectively. An erbium-doped fiber laser cavity is constructed to verify the functionality of GTF-SA and is designed to have net anomalous dispersion. It generates large spectral width of 4.99 nm with pulse repetition rate of 9.655 MHz and pulse width of 670 fs. Net anomalous dispersion and time bandwidth product higher than the sech2 transform-limited pulse validate the experimental result. In short, we demonstrate high performance GTF-SA that is able to generate ultrafast pulse duration in femtosecond range effortlessly with simple and green SA fabrication procedures.

  18. Single-walled carbon nanotube passively mode-locked O-band Raman fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinberg, D.; Saito, L. A. M.; Rosa, H. G.; Thoroh de Souza, E. A.

    2016-05-01

    We present a detailed analysis of a nanosecond-pulse single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) passively mode-locked O-band Raman fiber lasers. As gain medium, single mode fiber (SMF) and highly nonlinear Raman gain were used at three different experimental setups. By incorporating 1.0 nm mean diameter SWCNT as saturable absorbers (SA) at 2.3 km SMF long-length gain medium setup, soliton-like spectrum followed by nanosecond high chirped pulse was observed at cavity fundamental repetition rate. In order to shorter the chirped pulse, intracavity anomalous dispersion was introduced with normal dispersion shift fiber (DSF) lengths and pulse duration decreased from 4.20 to 2.30 ns. By using highly nonlinear Raman gain medium in the O-band Raman laser configuration, the laser generated clean and well-defined nanosecond high chirped pulses, achieving pulse duration as short as 2.30 ns with 230 m gain medium length. Also, we could estimate the picosecond pulse duration region as a function of gain medium length of this laser and compared with SMF pulse shortening curve. As results, the lasers presented similar tendencies, indicating a strong influence of nonlinearities and dispersion in the pulse duration shortening.

  19. Modeling and analysis of distributed feedback quantum dot passively mode-locked lasers.

    PubMed

    Rahimi, Javad; Ahmadi, Vahid; Yavari, Mohammad Hasan

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, we investigate numerically two proposed monolithic distributed feedback quantum dot passively mode-locked lasers (DFB-QDMLLs) with and without gratings in the saturable absorber (SA) section in order to enhance two important performances of QDMLLs for ultrahigh-bit-rate and single-mode applications. We find out that depending on the length of the grating, optical pulses with durations of about 3-8 ps at approximately 2nd and 4th harmonics of cavity round-trip frequencies can be generated by the proposed structures. We also compare the temporal and spectral behaviors of these structures under specified bias conditions and SA lengths. It is shown that DFB-QDMLLs have the ability to generate optical pulses with more peak power than grating-embedded saturable absorber (GESA-DFB-QDMLL) structures which generate shorter pulses with narrower spectral bandwidths. We also show that DFB-QDMLLs operate in a larger range of absorber voltages while the other structure is very sensitive to absorber voltage and operates well for middle ranges of this parameter.

  20. Dual-Passive Mode Locking of High Average Power, Solid-State Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schieffer, Stephanie

    Laser oscillators with average output powers of multiple watts and pulse durations less than 100 picoseconds (ps) have many uses. For instance, precise machining of metals takes advantage of the reduced thermal effect from laser pulses between 100 ps and 10 femtoseconds. Biologists and chemists use lasers in time-resolved spectroscopy of biochemical reactions. Ultrafast lasers are also used in chemistry, physics and material science to probe the electronic and vibrational states of various materials including semiconductors. These applications often require specific photon color and in the cases where this cannot be generated directly from a solid-state oscillator, it may be generated through nonlinear effects in optical parametric oscillators (OPO) and optical parametric amplifiers (OPA) — techniques that typically require watt-level pump lasers. It is the focus of my dissertation to develop a stable, high average power, ultrafast laser suitable for direct use of for pumping an OPO/OPA. The laser oscillator presented in this dissertation employs the thermal-lens-shaping (TLS) concept, the basic idea of which is to actively shape and collimate the pump radiation from unlensed diode bars such that the resulting thermal lens in the gain media, which is experienced by the laser resonator, is stigmatic irrespective of the angle between the laser and the gain medium. This laser oscillator is mode locked using a novel, dual-passive technique in which a saturable Bragg reflector (SBR) provides amplitude modulation while a phase mis-matched second harmonic crystal generates phase-locking resulting in a required threshold energy that is less than half of that for SBR-only mode locking. Of course, the saturable and non-saturable absorption of the laser by the SBR results in thermally-induced stress and strain and thus bowing; an analysis of this thermal effect is conducted. Finally, the design and characterization of a high-resolution, aberration-corrected, flat

  1. Highly efficient, narrow-linewidth, and single-frequency actively and passively Q-switched fiber-bulk hybrid Er:YAG lasers operating at 1645 nm.

    PubMed

    Moskalev, Igor S; Fedorov, Vladimir V; Gapontsev, Valentin P; Gapontsev, Denis V; Platonov, Nikolai S; Mirov, Sergey B

    2008-11-24

    High power, highly efficient single frequency oscillation of Er:YAG fiber-bulk hybrid laser at 1645 nm is demonstrated in actively and passively Q-switched operation modes. The slope efficiencies in the active and passive Q-switched operation reached 75% and 20%, respectively, with the record output powers in the narrow-linewidth and single longitudinal mode regimes of operation.

  2. Output Power Limitations and Improvements in Passively Mode Locked GaAs/AlGaAs Quantum Well Lasers

    PubMed Central

    Tandoi, Giuseppe; Ironside, Charles N.; Marsh, John H.; Bryce, A. Catrina

    2013-01-01

    We report a novel approach for increasing the output power in passively mode locked semiconductor lasers. Our approach uses epitaxial structures with an optical trap in the bottom cladding that enlarges the vertical mode size to scale the pulse saturation energy. With this approach we demonstrate a very high peak power of 9.8 W per facet, at a repetition rate of 6.8 GHz and with pulse duration of 0.71 ps. In particular, we compare two GaAs/AlGaAs epilayer designs, a double quantum well design operating at 830 nm and a single quantum well design operating at 795 nm, with vertical mode sizes of 0.5 and 0.75 μm, respectively. We show that a larger mode size not only shifts the mode locking regime of operation towards higher powers, but also produces other improvements in respect of two main failure mechanisms that limit the output power: the catastrophic optical mirror damage and the catastrophic optical saturable absorber damage. For the 830 nm material structure, we also investigate the effect of non-absorbing mirrors on output power and mode locked operation of colliding pulse mode locked lasers. PMID:23843678

  3. Output Power Limitations and Improvements in Passively Mode Locked GaAs/AlGaAs Quantum Well Lasers.

    PubMed

    Tandoi, Giuseppe; Ironside, Charles N; Marsh, John H; Bryce, A Catrina

    2012-03-01

    We report a novel approach for increasing the output power in passively mode locked semiconductor lasers. Our approach uses epitaxial structures with an optical trap in the bottom cladding that enlarges the vertical mode size to scale the pulse saturation energy. With this approach we demonstrate a very high peak power of 9.8 W per facet, at a repetition rate of 6.8 GHz and with pulse duration of 0.71 ps. In particular, we compare two GaAs/AlGaAs epilayer designs, a double quantum well design operating at 830 nm and a single quantum well design operating at 795 nm, with vertical mode sizes of 0.5 and 0.75 μm, respectively. We show that a larger mode size not only shifts the mode locking regime of operation towards higher powers, but also produces other improvements in respect of two main failure mechanisms that limit the output power: the catastrophic optical mirror damage and the catastrophic optical saturable absorber damage. For the 830 nm material structure, we also investigate the effect of non-absorbing mirrors on output power and mode locked operation of colliding pulse mode locked lasers.

  4. Passive mode-locking performance of mixed Nd:La(0.11)Y(0.89)VO(4) crystal.

    PubMed

    Xu, Honghao; Zhang, Huaijin; Yu, Haohai; Tang, Dingyuan; Xu, Changwen

    2014-03-10

    Passive mode locking of a diode pumped Nd:La(0.11)Y(0.89)VO(4) mixed crystal laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) was experimentally investigated for the first time to our knowledge. Stable CW mode-locking has been achieved on both a-cut and c-cut mixed crystals. In case of the a-cut crystal, when a 2% output coupler (OC) was used, the shortest pulse obtained was 4.5 ps and the highest output power was 0.94 W, while when a 6% OC was used, the shortest pulse obtained was 6.8 ps and the highest output power was 5.16 W. In the latter case the optical conversion efficiency is 38% and the slope efficiency is 40.3%, respectively; with the c-cut crystal the shortest pulse achieved was 5.5 ps. Moreover, simultaneous mode locking at two close wavelengths of 1064.3 nm and 1066.2 nm was observed on the c-cut crystal. The mode locked pulse beating generated temporal interference fringe of 0.5 THz repetition rate.

  5. Study on characteristics of diode-pumped continuous-wave tunable and passively Q-switched Tm:SSO laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, T. L.; Zhao, S. Z.; Yang, K. J.; Li, G. Q.; Li, D. C.; Zhao, J.; Qiao, W. C.; Zheng, L. H.; Xu, J.; Wang, Q. G.; Xu, X. D.; Su, L. B.

    2014-10-01

    In this paper, we present a diode-pumped continuous-wave tunable and Q-switched Tm:SSO laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. In continuous-wave regime, a maximum output power of 340 mW at 1,980.7 nm was obtained. With a quartz plate, wavelength-tunable continuous-wave operation was achieved from 1,922 to 2,020 nm. In Q-switched regime, a maximum output pulse energy of 14.7 μJ under a repetition rate of 800 Hz and a minimum pulse width of 7.6 μs corresponding to a repetition rate of 8.8 kHz around 1,974.4 nm were obtained from the passively Q-switched Tm:SSO laser.

  6. Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS(2) saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Ren, Jun; Wang, Shuxian; Cheng, Zhaochen; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Chen, Yanxue; Mei, Liangmo; Wang, Pu

    2015-03-09

    Passively Q-switched nanosecond pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser based on MoS(2) saturable absorber (SA) is experimentally demonstrated. The high quality MoS(2) SA deposited on the broadband high-reflectivity mirror with a large modulation depth of 9% was prepared by pulsed laser deposition method. By inserting the MoS(2) SA into an erbium-doped fiber laser, stable Q-switched operation can be achieved with the shortest pulse width of 660 ns, the maximum pulse energy up to 152 nJ and pulse repetition rates varying from 116 to 131 kHz. The experimental results further verify that MoS(2) possesses the potential advantage for stable Q-switched pulse generation at 1.5 μm.

  7. Passive mode locking at harmonics of the free spectral range of the intracavity filter in a fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shumin; Lu, Fuyun; Dong, Xinyong; Shum, Ping; Yang, Xiufeng; Zhou, Xiaoqun; Gong, Yandong; Lu, Chao

    2005-11-01

    We report the passive mode-locking at harmonics of the free spectral range (FSR) of the intracavity multi-channel filter in a fiber ring laser. The laser uses a sampled fiber Bragg grating (SFBG) with a free spectral range (FSR) of 0.8 nm, or 99 GHz at 1555 nm, and a length of highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber with low and flat dispersion. Stable picosecond soliton pulse trains with twofold to sevenfold enhancement in the repetition rate, relative to the FSR of the SFBG, have been achieved. The passive mode-locking mechanism that is at play in this laser relies on a dissipative four-wave mixing process and switching of repetition rate is realized simply by adjustment of the intracavity polarization controllers.

  8. Passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber lasers with 0.3 nm single-walled carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Xu, Xintong; Zhai, Jianpang; Li, Ling; Chen, Yanping; Yu, Yongqin; Zhang, Min; Ruan, Shuangchen; Tang, Zikang

    2014-10-24

    We demonstrate a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) by using the smallest single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with a diameter of 0.3 nm as the saturable absorber. These ultrasmall SWNTs are fabricated in the elliptical nanochannels of a ZnAPO₄-11 (AEL) single crystal. By placing an AEL crystal into an EDFL cavity pumped by a 980 nm laser diode, stable passive mode-locking is achieved for a threshold pump power of 280 mW, and 73 ps pulses at 1563.2 nm with a repetition rate of 26.79 MHz.

  9. Sub-100 attosecond timing jitter from low-noise passively mode-locked solid-state laser at telecom wavelength.

    PubMed

    Portuondo-Campa, E; Paschotta, R; Lecomte, S

    2013-08-01

    We report on the ultralow timing jitter of the 100 MHz pulse trains generated by two identical passively mode-locked diode-pumped solid-state lasers (DPSSLs) emitting at 1556 nm. Ultralow timing jitter of 83 as (integrated from 10 kHz to 50 MHz) for one laser has been measured with a balanced optical cross-correlator as timing discriminator. Extremely low intensity noise has been measured as well. Several measurement techniques have been used and show similar jitter results. Different possible noise sources have been theoretically investigated and compared to the measured jitter power spectral density. It is found that although the measured integrated jitter is quite low, it is still significantly above the quantum limit in the considered frequency span. Therefore, there is a substantial potential for technical improvements that could make passively mode-locked DPSSL outperform fiber lasers as source of microwaves with low phase noise.

  10. Room temperature passive mode-locked laser based on InAs/GaAs quantum-dot superlattice

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Passive mode-locking is achieved in two sectional lasers with an active layer based on superlattice formed by ten layers of quantum dots. Tunnel coupling of ten layers changes the structural polarization properties: the ratio between the transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarization absorption coefficients is less by a factor of 1.8 in the entire electroluminescence spectrum range for the superlattice. PMID:23031390

  11. Width and amplitude tunable square-wave pulse in dual-pump passively mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Mei, Li; Chen, Guoliang; Xu, Lixin; Zhang, Xianming; Gu, Chun; Sun, Biao; Wang, Anting

    2014-06-01

    We have proposed and demonstrated a figure-8 dual-pump passively mode-locked fiber laser to generate square-wave pulse tunable by both width and amplitude. Just by simply adjusting the power of the pumps, both the amplitude and width of the output square-wave pulse can be tuned independently and continuously. One pump is used to tune the output pulsewidth while the other is used to tune amplitude.

  12. Laser diode and pumped Cr:Yag passively Q-switched yellow-green laser at 543 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Y.; Ling, Zhao; Li, B.; Qu, D. P.; Zhou, K.; Zhang, Y. B.; Zhao, Y.; Zheng, Q.

    2013-03-01

    Efficient and compact yellow green pulsed laser output at 543 nm is generated by frequency doubling of a passively Q-switched end diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1086 nm under the condition of sup-pressing the higher gain transition near 1064 nm. With 15 W of diode pump power and the frequency doubling crystal LBO, as high as 1.58 W output power at 543 nm is achieved. The optical to optical conversion efficiency from the corresponding Q-switched fundamental output to the yellow green output is 49%. The peak power of the Q-switched yellow green pulse laser is up to 30 kW with 5 ns pulse duration. The output power stability over 8 hours is better than 2.56% at the maximum output power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest watt-level laser at 543 nm generated by frequency doubling of a passively Q-switched end diode pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1086 nm.

  13. 490 fs pulse generation from a passive C-band AlGaInAs/InP quantum well mode-locked laser.

    PubMed

    Hou, Lianping; Haji, Mohsin; Marsh, John H; Bryce, A Catrina

    2012-03-01

    We report femtosecond pulses from a passive C-band two-section AlGaInAs/InP mode-locked laser with a monolithically integrated passive waveguide made by quantum well intermixing. Without any external pulse compression, Lorentzian pulses are generated at a repetition frequency of ~38 GHz with 490 fs pulse duration, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the shortest pulse from any directly electrically pumped quantum well semiconductor mode-locked laser. The mode-locking range is relatively large and the ultranarrow pulse width is very stable over a broad range of driving conditions. © 2012 Optical Society of America

  14. Generation of stable high order harmonic noise-like pulses in a passively mode-locked double clad fiber ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernandez-Garcia, J. C.; Pottiez, O.; Ibarra-Escamilla, B.; Estudillo-Ayala, J. M.; Rojas-Laguna, R.; Kuzin, E.; Muñoz-Lopez, A.; Filoteo-Razo, J. D.

    2015-03-01

    We study a passively mode-locked double-clad Erbium-Ytterbium fiber ring laser producing noise-like pulse through nonlinear polarization evolution and polarization selection. Single noise-like pulsing is only observed at moderate pump power. As pump power is increased, and through polarization controllers adjustments, harmonic mode-locking of growing order were successively appearing. For pump powers close to the damage threshold of the setup, we reach harmonic orders beyond 1200 and repetition frequencies in excess of a quarter of a GHz. Finally, these experimental results could be useful in the quest for higher pulse energies and higher repetition rates in passively mode-locked fiber lasers.

  15. High-power passively Q-switched Nd:KGW laser pumped at 877 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, K.; Ge, W. Q.; Zhao, T. Z.; Feng, C. Y.; Yu, J.; He, J. G.; Xiao, H.; Fan, Z. W.

    2016-06-01

    In this work, we demonstrate, for the first time, a high-power passively Q-switched Ng-cut Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2/Cr4+:YAG laser pumped at 877 nm. The maximum average output power of ~1.6 W is obtained at the pump power of 5.22 W, when a saturable absorber with 98 % of initial transmission is used. The corresponding pulse energy is up to 16 µJ. The maximum pulse energy of 25.3 µJ is achieved at a repetition rate of 59 kHz, by employing a saturable absorber with 95 % of initial transmission. The corresponding pulse width and average output power are 89.0 ns and 1.5 W, respectively. A careful cavity design and a good thermal management ensure nearly TEM00 output with M 2 ≤ 1.22 within the whole range of operation in both N p and N m directions at 877 nm pump.

  16. Passively Q-switched Ho:YLF laser pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Chao; Ju, Youlun; Yao, Baoquan; Dai, Tongyu; Duan, Xiaoming; Li, Jiang; Ding, Yu; Liu, Wei; Pan, Yubai; Li, Chaoyu

    2016-03-01

    We demonstrate a compact and efficient passively Q-switched (PQS) Ho:YLF laser pumped by a self-made all-fiber laser. Firstly, we design and make an all-fiber laser operating at 1940 nm with a slope efficiency of 40.6%. Then, the all-fiber laser was used to pump Ho:YLF laser directly. In the CW (continues-wave) operation Ho:YLF laser, the maximum output power was 7.79 W, corresponding to the slope efficiency of 55.2%. Using Cr2+:ZnS as the saturable absorber, the average power of 6.03 W was achieved with the slope efficiency of 45.9%. The shortest pulse duration was 15.6 ns and the pulse repetition frequency was 2.3 kHz at the pump power of 20.4 W. The pulse energy was a constant as 2.7 mJ when the pump power exceeded 15 W. The beam quality factor of M2 was 1.05, indicating nearly diffraction limited beam propagation.

  17. Compact optical displacement sensing by detection of microwave signals generated from a monolithic passively mode-locked laser under feedback

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simos, Christos; Simos, Hercules; Nikas, Thomas; Syvridis, Dimitris

    2015-05-01

    A monolithic passively mode-locked laser is proposed as a compact optical sensor for displacements and vibrations of a reflecting object. The sensing principle relies on the change of the laser repetition frequency that is induced by optical feedback from the object under measurement. It has been previously observed that, when a semiconductor passively mode locked laser receives a sufficient level of optical feedback from an external reflecting surface it exhibits a repetition frequency that is no more determined by the mode-locking rule of the free-running operation but is imposed by the length of the external cavity. Therefore measurement of the resulting laser repetition frequency under self-injection permits the accurate and straightforward determination of the relative position of the reflecting object. The system has an inherent wireless capability since the repetition rate of the laser can be wirelessly detected by means of a simple antenna which captures the microwave signal generated by the saturable absorber and is emitted through the wiring of the laser. The sensor setup is very simple as it requires few optical components besides the laser itself. Furthermore, the deduction of the relative position of the reflecting object is straightforward and does not require any processing of the detected signal. The proposed sensor has a theoretical sub-wavelength resolution and its performance depends on the RF linewidth of the laser and the resolution of the repetition frequency measurement. Other physical parameters that induce phase changes of the external cavity could also be quantified.

  18. Narrow bandwidth passively mode locked picosecond Erbium doped fiber laser using a 45° tilted fiber grating device.

    PubMed

    Wang, Tianxing; Yan, Zhijun; Mou, Chengbo; Liu, Zuyao; Liu, Yunqi; Zhou, Kaiming; Zhang, Lin

    2017-07-10

    An all-fiber passively picosecond mode locked Erbium doped laser using a 45° tilted fiber grating (45° TFG) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is reported in this work. Due to the strong polarization dependent loss (PDL) of 45° TFG and narrow 3-dB bandwidth of FBG, the Erbium doped fiber laser (EDFL) can generate picosecond mode locked pulse based on the nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) effect. The laser features a repetition rate of 9.67 MHz, a pulse duration of 33 ps, a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 70 dB, an average output power of 1.2 mW, and a single pulse energy of 124 pJ under the pump power of 102 mW. Besides, the central wavelength of the laser can be continuously adjusted from 1550.65 nm to 1551.44 nm. The technique of using a 45° TFG to generate picosecond pulses can be readily extended to other wavelength such as mid-infrared (mid-IR) where fiber polarizing components are either expensive or not available. To the best of our knowledge, the spectral width is the narrowest among all-fiber passively mode locked Erbium-doped laser based on NPR.

  19. Passively mode-locked stretched-pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a regenerative feedback

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, Vincent; Lamonde, Martin; Babin, Francois; Piche, Michel

    2003-02-01

    A polarization additive pulse mode-locked stretched-pulse erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a regenerative feedback producing near transform-limited femtosecond pulses is reported. The regenerative feedback makes use of an intensity modulator driven at twice the fundamental repetition rate of the passively mode-locked fiber laser. The laser is self-starting for a limited range of pump power. The de-chirped pulses have a duration of 90 fs (FWHM) and a pulse time-bandwidth product of 0.44. The pulse energy amounts to 0.3 nJ. Pulses with nearly twice that energy could be obtained, though without self-starting capability. The laser RF power spectrum measurement yields an amplitude noise as low as 0.15% (rms) and a pulse timing jitter of 150 fs (rms). In addition, RF spectra show no relaxation oscillation in the self-starting regime.

  20. 18-THz-wide optical frequency comb emitted from monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor quantum-well laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lo, Mu-Chieh; Guzmán, Robinson; Ali, Muhsin; Santos, Rui; Augustin, Luc; Carpintero, Guillermo

    2017-10-01

    We report on an optical frequency comb with 14nm (~1.8 THz) spectral bandwidth at -3 dB level that is generated using a passively mode-locked quantum-well (QW) laser in photonic integrated circuits (PICs) fabricated through an InP generic photonic integration technology platform. This 21.5-GHz colliding-pulse mode-locked laser cavity is defined by on-chip reflectors incorporating intracavity phase modulators followed by an extra-cavity SOA as booster amplifier. A 1.8-THz-wide optical comb spectrum is presented with ultrafast pulse that is 0.35-ps-wide. The radio frequency beat note has a 3-dB linewidth of 450 kHz and 35-dB SNR.

  1. Experimental optimization of dissipative soliton resonance square pulses in all anomalous passively mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ben Braham, Fatma; Semaan, Georges; Bahloul, Faouzi; Salhi, Mohamed; Sanchez, François

    2017-10-01

    We investigate experimentally the operational boundaries of dissipative soliton resonance in a double-clad Er:Yb co-doped dual amplifier passively mode-locked figure-of-eight fiber laser. While mode-locking with a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror, we present an exhaustive series of experiments in order to optimize the pulse energy and pulse width tunability. In addition to the pumping power of the amplifiers, several key experimental parameters have been identified such as the net cavity dispersion, the coupling ratio between the two loops of the cavity and the exact position of the long fiber coils. Under optimized conditions, the laser delivers square pulses with an energy varying between 8.5 and 10.1 μJ while the pulse width ranges from 84-416 ns.

  2. Square-wave pulse with ultra-wide tuning range in a passively mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xianming; Gu, Chun; Chen, Guoliang; Sun, Biao; Xu, Lixin; Wang, Anting; Ming, Hai

    2012-04-15

    We report the generation of ultrawide tunable square-wave pulse in an erbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser. The pulse width can be tuned in an ultrawide range of more than 1700 ns by simply increasing the pump power. The pulse-width tuning is 5.1 ns/mW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the widest pulse-width tuning range of any square-wave pulse in an all-fiber passively mode-locked fiber laser. Experimental results show that the fiber nonlinearity plays an important role in the tuning range of the output pulse width. The high nonlinearity helps to increase the tuning range of the pulse width.

  3. Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YAG laser at 1338 nm with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

    PubMed

    Yang, Ying; Xu, Jin-Long; He, Jing-Liang; Yang, Xiu-Qin; Zhang, Bing-Yuan; Yang, He; Liu, Shan-De; Zhang, Bai-Tao

    2011-12-20

    We demonstrate a diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked 1338 nm Nd:YAG laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. At the absorbed pump power of 8.89 W, an average output power of 1.12 W was obtained with a slope efficiency of 14%. The pulse width was 22.4 ps with a repetition rate of 63.9 MHz, corresponding to a peak power of 782 W. In addition, the bandwidth of the mode-locking spectrum is as narrow as 20.44 GHz, which shows the potential application in long-distance ranging and fiber information transmission because of the low dispersion of these ultrashort pulses.

  4. Passively mode-locked femtosecond laser with an Nd-doped La₃Ga₅SiO₁₄ disordered crystal.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jiaxing; Wang, Zhaohua; He, Kunna; Wei, Long; Zhang, Zhiguo; Wei, Zhiyi; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Jiyang

    2014-11-03

    We experimentally prove the broad emission band of Nd:LGS disordered crystal and demonstrate a diode-pumped passively mode-locked femtosecond Nd-doped La₃Ga₅SiO₁₄ (Nd:LGS) laser for the first time. With a birefringent filter inserted into the cavity, the tunable continuous wave (CW) laser of over 60 nm from 1045.2 nm to 1105.3 nm is achieved, which is the widest tuning range with Nd-doped crystals to our knowledge. Further in mode-locked operation, femtosecond pulses with pulse duration of 381 fs, average output power of 75 mW and repetition rate of 134.4 MHz are obtained at the central wavelength of 1066 nm. It is suitable to be a compact seed for femtosecond laser amplifiers.

  5. Watt-level passively Q-switched heavily Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Yanlong; Wang, Yishan; Luan, Kunpeng; Huang, Ke; Tao, Mengmeng; Chen, Hongwei; Yi, Aiping; Feng, Guobin; Si, Jinhai

    2016-01-01

    A diode-cladding pumped mid-infrared passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser with an average output power of watt-level based on a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) is demonstrated. Stable pulse train was produced at a slope efficiency of 17.8% with respect to launched pump power. The maximum average power of 1.01 W at a repetition rate of 146.3 kHz was achieved with a corresponding pulse energy of 6.9 μJ, from which the maximum peak power was calculated to be 21.9 W. To the best of our knowledge, the average power and the peak power are the highest in 3 μm region passively Q-switched fiber lasers. The influence of gain fiber length on the operation regime of the fiber laser has been investigated in detail. PMID:27225029

  6. Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers.

    PubMed

    Ding, Shuanghong; Zhang, Wenhui; Wang, Shiwu; Wang, Xichang; Zhang, Jun; Wang, Meiqin

    2013-05-20

    Normalized space-dependent rate equations of passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled Raman lasers are deduced for the first time. The normalized rate equations are solved numerically to investigate the influences of the normalized variables on the yellow laser performance. The LD end-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO(4)/KTP/Cr:YAG yellow Raman laser is realized, and the maximum yellow laser output power is 350 mW with the incident pump power of 5.9 W with Cr:YAG of 85% initial transmission. The theoretical analysis and optimization are taken out for the experiment, and the theoretical results are in accordance with the experimental ones.

  7. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using evanescent field interaction with gold-nanosphere based saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Fan, Dengfeng; Mou, Chengbo; Bai, Xuekun; Wang, Shaofei; Chen, Na; Zeng, Xianglong

    2014-07-28

    We demonstrate an all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) using a gold-nanosphere (GNS) based saturable absorber (SA) with evanescent field interaction. Using the interaction of evanescent field for fabricating SAs, long nonlinear interaction length of evanescent wave and GNSs can be achieved. The GNSs are synthesized from mixing solution of chloroauricacid (HAuCl4) and sodium citrate by the heating effects of the microfiber's evanescent field radiation. The proposed passively Q-switched EDFL could give output pulses at 1562 nm with pulse width of 1.78 μs, a repetition rate of 58.1 kHz, a pulse energy of 133 nJ and a output power of 7.7 mW when pumped by a 980 nm laser diode of 237 mW.

  8. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using Fe3O4-nanoparticle saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Xuekun; Mou, Chengbo; Xu, Luxi; Wang, Shaofei; Pu, Shengli; Zeng, Xianglong

    2016-04-01

    We experimentally demonstrate passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) operation using a saturable absorber (SA) based on Fe3O4 nanoparticles (FONPs). As a type of transition metal oxide, the FONPs have a large nonlinear optical response and fast response time. The FONP-based SA possesses a modulation depth of 8.2% and nonsaturable absorption of 56.6%. Stable passively Q-switched EDFL pulses with an output pulse energy of 23.76 nJ, a repetition rate of 33.3 kHz, and a pulse width of 3.2 µs were achieved when the input pump power was 110 mW. The laser features a low threshold pump power of ∼15 mW.

  9. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Pulse synchronisation in passively Q-switched lasers emitting at 1.053 and 1.064 μm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bagdasarov, V. Kh; Denisov, N. N.; Malyutin, A. A.; Chigaev, I. A.

    2009-10-01

    Pulse synchronisation with an accuracy of no worse than ±5 ns is demonstrated in passively Q-switched neodymium phosphate glass and Nd:YAG lasers. Two operating regimes are realised: the 'sub-threshold' regime (when the slave Nd:YAG laser does not generate a giant pulse if its passive Q switch is not irradiated by the master Nd:glass laser) and the 'above-threshold' regime (when the pulse irradiating the passive Q switch of the slave laser advances its generation).

  10. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Passive laser Q switches made of glass doped with oxidised nanoparticles of copper selenide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yumashev, K. V.

    2000-01-01

    Passive Q switching of Nd3+:YAG (λ = 1060 nm) and YAlO3:Nd3+ (1340 nm) lasers, as well as of an Er3+ (1540 nm) glass laser was realised by using glass doped with oxidised nanoparticles of copper selenide. Nonlinear optical properties of the nanoparticles (radius of 25 nm) in a glass matrix were studied by the picosecond absorption spectroscopy technique.

  11. On the possibility of increasing the pulse energy of a passively Q-switched erbium glass minilaser

    SciTech Connect

    Izyneev, A A; Sadovskii, Pavel I; Sadovskii, S P

    2010-08-03

    A simple method to increase the output energy of a passively Q-switched erbium glass laser is proposed. Using the amplitude modulation of losses at the active element face, the fundamental mode was reliably suppressed and the laser operated in a selected higher-order mode. The output energy was experimentally increased by a factor of 2.1, and the range of allowable pump energy instability was extended threefold. (lasers)

  12. Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GAGG laser at 1.3 μm with SESAM Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GAGG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Y. B.; Jia, Z. T.; Yang, Y.; Fu, X. W.; Yuan, D. S.; Zhi, Y. C.; Dong, C. M.; Zhang, B. T.; He, J. L.; Tao, X. T.

    2012-08-01

    The performance of a passively mode-locked Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 (Nd:GAGG) laser at 1332 nm was experimentally investigated by using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) for the first time. At the absorbed pump power of 6.7 W, the average output power was obtained to be 293 mW with the pulse duration of 6.3 ps and the repetition rate of 32.2 MHz. The corresponding single pulse energy and the peak power were determined to be 4.55 nJ and 722 W, respectively.

  13. Passively Q-switched Nd:GdTaO4 laser by graphene oxide saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Bingyuan; Song, Qi; Wang, Guoju; Gao, Yajing; Zhang, Qingli; Wang, Minghong; Wang, Wenjun

    2016-08-01

    We experimentally demonstrated a laser diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:GdTaO4 crystal laser at 1066 nm using a multilayer graphene oxide as the saturable absorber (GOSA). The GOSA is fabricated by transferring the liquid-phase-exfoliated GO nanosheets onto a K9 glass substrate. When the GOSA was inserted into the plano-plano laser cavity, a stable Q-switched laser operation is achieved with a maximum average output power of 0.382 W and repetition rate of 362 kHz. The shortest pulse duration is 194 ns and the single pulse energy is about 1.05 μJ.

  14. Passive mode locking in a Ti:sapphire laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber at a wavelength of 810 nm.

    PubMed

    Khudyakov, Dmitry V; Lobach, Anatoly S; Nadtochenko, Viktor A

    2010-08-15

    We report mode locking in a Ti:sapphire (Ti:Sa) laser at the wavelength of 810 nm using a polymer film with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) applied as a saturable absorber. Pulses with 600 fs duration and 0.4 nJ energy were generated from the Ti:Sa laser with polymer-SWNT composite film for cw passive mode locking.

  15. Generation of 0. 7--0. 8. mu. picosecond pulses in an alexandrite laser with passive mode locking

    SciTech Connect

    Lisitsyn, V.N.; Matrosov, V.N.; Orekhova, V.P.; Pestryakov, E.V.; Sevast'yanov, B.K.; Trunov, V.I.; Zenin, V.N.; Remigailo, Y.L.

    1982-03-01

    Picosecond pulses of 0.7--0.8 ..mu.. wavelengths were generated in an alexandrite laser as a result of electronic--vibrational transitions /sup 4/T/sub 2/ ..-->.. /sup 4/A/sub 2/+h..omega../sub phonon/. Passive mode locking was ensured by the use of DS1 and DTTS saturable absorbers. The duration of the pulses generated using DS1 was 8 psec at wavelengths of 0.725--0.745 ..mu.., whereas the duration of the pulses generated using DTTS was 90 psec in the range 0.75--0.775 ..mu...

  16. Control over the performance characteristics of a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fibre ring laser

    SciTech Connect

    Chernysheva, M A; Krylov, A A; Dianov, E M; Ogleznev, A A; Arutyunyan, N R; Pozharov, A S; Obraztsova, E D

    2013-08-31

    We report an all-fibre ultrashort pulse erbium-doped ring laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes dispersed in carboxymethylcellulose-based polymer films. Owing to intracavity dispersion management and controlled absorption in the polymer films, the laser is capable of generating both femto- and picosecond pulses of various shapes in the spectral range 1.53 – 1.56 μm. We have demonstrated and investigated the generation of almost transform- limited, inversely modified solitons at a high normal cavity dispersion. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  17. Passive mode-locking of fiber ring laser at the 337th harmonic using gigahertz acoustic core resonances.

    PubMed

    Kang, M S; Joly, N Y; Russell, P St J

    2013-02-15

    We report the experimental demonstration of a passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber ring laser operating at the 337th harmonic (1.80 GHz) of the cavity. The laser makes use of highly efficient Raman-like optoacoustic interactions between the guided light and gigahertz acoustic resonances trapped in the micron-sized solid glass core of a photonic crystal fiber. At sufficient pump power levels the laser output locks to a repetition rate corresponding to the acoustic frequency. A stable optical pulse train with a side-mode suppression ratio higher than 45 dB was obtained at low pump powers (~60 mW).

  18. Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Song, Yufeng; Chen, Si; Zhang, Qian; Li, Lei; Zhao, Luming; Zhang, Han; Tang, Dingyuan

    2016-11-14

    We report on the optical saturable absorption of few-layer black phosphorus nanoflakes and demonstrate its application for the generation of vector solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser. By incorporating the black phosphorus nanoflakes-based saturable absorber (SA) into an all-fiber erbium-doped fiber laser cavity, we are able to obtain passive mode-locking operation with soliton pulses down to ~670 fs. The properties and dynamics of the as-generated vector solitons are experimentally investigated. Our results show that BP nanoflakes could be developed as an effective SA for ultrashort pulse fiber lasers, particularly for the generation of vector soliton pulses in fiber lasers.

  19. Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Tang, D; Zhao, L; Zhao, B

    2005-04-04

    A passively mode-locked soliton fiber ring laser with dispersion managed cavity is reported. The laser emits intense bunched noise-like pulses including the transform limited pulses. The optical spectrum of the laser emission has a bandwidth as broad as 32.10 nm. It was found that purely depending on the linear cavity phase delay the laser could be switched between the soliton operation and the noise-like pulse emission. Numerical simulations showed that the laser emission was caused by the combined effect of soliton collapse and positive cavity feedback in the laser.

  20. All-fiber passively mode-locked femtosecond laser using a 45º-tilted fiber grating polarization element.

    PubMed

    Mou, Chengbo; Wang, Hua; Bale, Brandon G; Zhou, Kaiming; Zhang, Lin; Bennion, Ian

    2010-08-30

    We report on the demonstration of an all-fiber femtosecond erbium doped fiber laser passively mode-locked using a 45º tilted fiber grating as an in-fiber polarizer in the laser cavity. The laser generates 600 fs pulses with output pulse energies ~1 nJ. Since the 45° tilted grating has a broad polarization response, the laser output has shown a tunabilty in wavelength from 1548 nm to 1562 nm by simply adjusting the polarization controllers in the cavity.

  1. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Picosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fibre laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krylov, Aleksandr A.; Kryukov, P. G.; Dianov, Evgenii M.; Okhotnikov, Oleg G.

    2009-10-01

    CW passive mode locking is achieved in a bismuth-doped fibre laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror optimised for operation in the range 1100-1200 nm. The pump source is a cw ytterbium fibre laser (1075 nm, maximum output power of 2.7 W), and the pulse parameters can be tuned by varying the intracavity group velocity dispersion using a diffraction grating pair. Stable laser pulses are obtained with a duration down to τp approx 1.1 ps.

  2. Mode coherence measurements across a 1.5 THz spectral bandwidth of a passively mode-locked quantum dash laser.

    PubMed

    Watts, Regan; Rosales, Ricardo; Lelarge, Francois; Ramdane, Abderrahim; Barry, Liam

    2012-05-01

    The mode coherence of adjacent and non-adjacent spectral modes of a passively mode locked quantum dash (QDash) semiconductor laser are deduced through radio frequency beat-tone linewidth measurements. A wavelength conversion scheme that uses degenerate four wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier is proposed which considerably extends the mode spacing beyond the limit imposed by conventional fast-photodetection and electrical spectrum analysis of around 100 GHz. Using this scheme, the mode coherence of the QDash laser was measured out to the thirty-first harmonic, or a mode separation of 1.5 THz.

  3. Analysis of locked and unlocked dynamics of a passively mode-locked laser diode under external periodic excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avrutin, Evgenii A.; Arnold, John M.; Marsh, John H.

    1996-04-01

    A distributed time-domain model is used for a numerical analysis of the dynamics of a passively mode locked laser diode under external modulation at a frequency close to the round-trip frequency of the laser. The possible dynamical regimes of the laser are identified as synchronization locking, frequency mixing and chaotic dynamics, including a special case of quasi-locking. For the locked regime, steady-state parameters are defined, the crucial role of group-velocity dispersion in achieving locking demonstrated and stages of the locking dynamics and corresponding time constants identified.

  4. Stable nanosecond passively Q-switched all-fiber erbium-doped laser with a 45° tilted fiber grating.

    PubMed

    Wang, Tianxing; Yan, Zhijun; Mou, Chengbo; Zhou, Kaiming; Zhang, Lin

    2017-04-20

    Nanosecond passive Q-switching generation from an all-fiber erbium-doped laser with a UV inscribed 45° tilted fiber grating (TFG) is systematically demonstrated. The 45° TFG is employed as a polarizer together with two polarization controllers (PCs) to realize nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR). Because of the NPR effect, stable Q-switched pulses with an average output power of 17.5 mW, a single pulse energy of 72.7 nJ, a repetition rate of 241 kHz, a pulse width of 466 ns, and a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 58.8 dB are obtained with 600 mW pump power. To the best of our knowledge, the SNR is the highest among all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped laser. The stability of this erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) is also examined by monitoring the laser consecutively for 5 h under laboratory conditions.

  5. Passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped ScBO3 laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Dazhi; Pan, Zhongben; Zhang, Rui; Xu, Tianxiang; Yang, Ruilong; Yang, Bingchao; Liu, Zhongyuan; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Wang, Jiyang

    2016-08-01

    We demonstrate a passively Q-switched Yb3+-doped ScBO3 bulk laser using a black phosphorous (BP) saturable absorber, a two-dimensional semiconductor. The response spectra of BP show that it is suitable as a universal switcher in the spectral range from the visible to midinfrared band. Considering the saturable absorption properties of BP and emission properties of Yb3+-doped crystals, the passively Q-switched bulk laser pulses were realized with the Yb3+:ScBO3 crystal as a gain material and a fabricated BP sample as a Q-switcher. Because of the large energy storage capacity of Yb3+:ScBO3, the maximum output energy is obtained to be 1.4 μJ, which is comparable with the previous reported maximum energy of graphene Q-switched lasers. The obtained results identify the potential capability of BP as a pulse modulator in bulk lasers, and BP plays an increasingly important role in a wide range of its applications, including photonics and optoelectronics.

  6. Scaling output energy in a diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched laser with a flat-flat resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, C. Y.; Huang, Y. J.; Liang, H. C.; Chen, Y. F.; Su, K. W.

    2017-01-01

    The spatial and temporal behaviors in a diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched laser with a flat-flat resonator are systematically explored as a function of the cavity length. A Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG miniature laser is experimentally used to show that the scale-up of the pulse energy without the higher-order transverse modes can be practically realized by optimizing the cavity length as a function of the pump size. A theoretical analysis is performed to confirm the experimental results. The extracavity second harmonic generation is experimentally conducted to demonstrate the usefulness of the laser design. PACS number(s): 42.60.Gd Q-switching; 42.55.Xi Diode-pumped lasers; 42.55.-f Lasers; 42.65.Sf Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatiotemporal dynamics.

  7. High peak-power passively Q-switched all-ceramics Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavel, Nicolaie; Tsunekane, Masaki; Taira, Takunori

    2010-05-01

    The output performances of a compact, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG laser were investigated using single crystals and poli-crystalline ceramics Nd:YAG with doping level between 1.0 and 2.0-at.% Nd, and single crystals and poli-crystalline ceramics Cr4+:YAG with various initial transmission. Q-switch laser pulses at 1.06 μm with energies up to 2 mJ and duration below 1 ns were realized at a pump repetition rate of 10 Hz. An all-ceramics Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG laser could be a solution for ignition of automotive engines. The optical intensity of a laser pulse with ns duration that induces optical air breakdown was determined.

  8. High peak-power passively Q-switched all-ceramics Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pavel, Nicolaie; Tsunekane, Masaki; Taira, Takunori

    2009-09-01

    The output performances of a compact, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG laser were investigated using single crystals and poli-crystalline ceramics Nd:YAG with doping level between 1.0 and 2.0-at.% Nd, and single crystals and poli-crystalline ceramics Cr4+:YAG with various initial transmission. Q-switch laser pulses at 1.06 μm with energies up to 2 mJ and duration below 1 ns were realized at a pump repetition rate of 10 Hz. An all-ceramics Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG laser could be a solution for ignition of automotive engines. The optical intensity of a laser pulse with ns duration that induces optical air breakdown was determined.

  9. Sub-20-ps pulses from a passively Q-switched microchip laser at 1  MHz repetition rate.

    PubMed

    Mehner, Eva; Bernard, Benjamin; Giessen, Harald; Kopf, Daniel; Braun, Bernd

    2014-05-15

    We present a 50 μm Nd3+:YVO4 microchip laser that is passively Q-switched by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. To reduce handling problems caused by the small crystal dimensions, the 50 μm Nd3+:YVO4 crystal is optically bonded to an undoped YVO4 crystal of a length of about 500 μm. By using a saturable absorber mirror with an effective modulation depth of >10% the system is able to deliver 16 ps pulses at a repetition rate of up to 1.0 MHz. The average laser power is 16 mW at 1064 nm. To our knowledge these are the shortest Q-switched pulses ever reported from a solid-state laser. The limits in terms of pulse width, repetition rate, output power, and system stability are discussed. Additionally, continuous-wave behavior is analyzed. Experimental data is compared with the simulation results of the coupled rate equations.

  10. Passively Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser based on double walled carbon nanotubes-polyvinyl alcohol saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammed, D. Z.; Al-Janabi, A. H.

    2016-11-01

    A passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser with a ring cavity operating at 1568.6 nm is demonstrated using a saturable absorber based on a double walled carbon nanotubes film, which is prepared using polyvinyl alcohol as a host polymer. The Q-switching operation is achieved at a low pump threshold of 40 mW. The proposed fiber laser produces stable pulses train of repetition rate ranging from 14.7 KHz to 47 KHz as the pump power increases from threshold to 203 mW. The minimum recorded pulse width was 4.6 µs at 203 mW, while the highest energy obtained was 102.1 nJ.

  11. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser at C-band region based on WS₂ saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, H; Ruslan, N E; Ismail, M A; Reduan, S A; Lee, C S J; Sathiyan, S; Sivabalan, S; Harun, S W

    2016-02-10

    We demonstrate a Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser using tungsten disulfide (WS₂) as a saturable absorber. The WS₂ is deposited onto fiber ferrules using a drop-casting method. Passive Q-switched pulses operating in the C-band region with a central wavelength of 1560.7 nm are successfully generated by a tunable pulse repetition rate ranging from 27.2 to 84.8 kHz when pump power is increased from 40 to 220 mW. At the same time, the pulse width decreases from a maximum value of 3.84 μs to a minimum value of 1.44 μs. The signal-to-noise ratio gives a stable value of 43.7 dB. The modulation depth and saturation intensity are measured to be 0.99% and 36.2  MW/cm², respectively.

  12. MoS2-based passively Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser at 946 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Haifeng; Zhu, Wenzhang.; Xiong, Feibing; Cai, Lie

    2017-06-01

    We demonstrate a passively Q-switched Nd: YAG quasi-three-level laser operating at 946 nm using MoS2 as saturable absorber. A maximum average output power of 210 mW is achieved at an absorbed pump power of 6.67 W with a slope efficiency of about 5.8%. The shortest pulse width and maximum pulse repetition frequency are measured to be 280 ns and 609 kHz, respectively. The maximum pulse energy and maximum pulse peak power are therefore estimated to be about 0.35 μJ and 1.23 W, respectively. This work represents the first MoS2-based Q-switched laser operating at 0.9 μm spectral region.

  13. A Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser for controllable high-order Hermite-Gaussian modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Jun; He, Yu; Bai, Sheng-Chuang; Ueda, Ken-ichi; Kaminskii, Alexander A.

    2016-09-01

    A nanosecond, high peak power, passively Q-switched laser for controllable Hermite-Gaussian (HG) modes has been achieved by manipulating the saturated inversion population inside the gain medium. The stable HG modes are generated in a Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser by applying a tilted pump beam. The asymmetrical saturated inversion population distribution inside the Nd:YVO4 crystal for desirable HG modes is manipulated by choosing the proper pump beam diameter and varying pump power. A HG9,8 mode passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser with average output power of 265 mW has been obtained. Laser pulses with a pulse width of 7.3 ns and peak power of over 1.7 kW working at 21 kHz have been generated in the passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser.

  14. Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Luo, Zhengqian; Zhou, Min; Weng, Jian; Huang, Guoming; Xu, Huiying; Ye, Chenchun; Cai, Zhiping

    2010-11-01

    We demonstrate a compact Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser based on graphene as a saturable absorber (SA). By optically driven deposition of graphene on a fiber core, the SA is constructed and inserted into a diode-pumped EDF laser cavity. Also benefiting from the strong third-order optical nonlinearity of graphene to suppress the mode competition of EDF, a stable dual-wavelength Q-switching operation has been achieved using a two-reflection peak fiber Bragg grating as the external cavity mirror. The Q-switched EDF laser has a low pump threshold of 6.5 mW at 974 nm and a wide range of pulse-repetition rate from 3.3 to 65.9 kHz. The pulse duration and the pulse energy have been characterized. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of a graphene-based Q-switched laser.

  15. A novel miniaturized passively Q-switched pulse-burst laser for engine ignition.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yufei; Li, Xudong; Yu, Xin; Fan, Rongwei; Yan, Renpeng; Peng, Jiangbo; Xu, Xinrui; Sun, Rui; Chen, Deying

    2014-10-06

    A novel miniaturized Cr⁴⁺:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:YAG pulse-burst laser under 808 nm diode-laser pulse-pumping was demonstrated for the purpose of laser-induced plasma ignition, in which pulse-burst mode can realize both high repetition rate and high pulse energy simultaneously in a short period. Side-pumping configuration and two different types of laser cavities were employed. The pumping pulse width was constant at 250 μs. For the plane-plane cavity, the output beam profile was flat-top Gaussian and the measured M² value was 4.1 at the maximum incident pump energy of 600 mJ. The pulse-burst laser contained a maximum of 8 pulses, 7 pulses and 6 pulses for pulse-burst repetition rate of 10 Hz, 50 Hz and 100 Hz, respectively. The energy obtained was 15.5 mJ, 14.9 mJ and 13.9 mJ per pulse for pulse-burst repetition rate of 10 Hz, 50 Hz and 100 Hz, respectively. The maximum repetition rate of laser pulses in pulse-burst was 34.6 kHz for 8 pulses at the incident pump energy of 600 mJ and the single pulse width was 13.3 ns. The thermal lensing effect of Nd:YAG rod was investigated, and an plane-convex cavity was adopted to compensate the thermal lensing effect of Nd:YAG rod and improve the mode matching. For the plane-convex cavity, the output beam profile was quasi-Gaussian and the measured M2 value was 2.2 at the incident pump energy of 600 mJ. The output energy was 10.6 mJ per pulse for pulse-burst repetition rate of 100 Hz. The maximum repetition rate of laser pulses in pulse-burst was 27.4 kHz for 6 pulses at the incident pump energy of 600 mJ and the single pulse width was 14.2 ns. The experimental results showed that this pulse-burst laser can produce high repetition rate (>20 kHz) and high pulse energy (>10 mJ) simultaneously in a short period for both two different cavities.

  16. Sub-picosecond ultra-low frequency passively mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuadrado-Laborde, Christian; Cruz, José L.; Díez, Antonio; Andrés, Miguel V.

    2016-11-01

    We developed a nonlinear polarization rotation all-fiber mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser, with the purpose to reach a sub-picosecond and sub-megahertz light pulse emission. In the process, we observed three different emission regimes as the net birefringence is changed, namely high-power dissipative soliton resonance, low-power soliton regime, and a mixed combination of both. In the pure solitonic regime, a 0.961 MHz train of chirp-free Gaussian pulses was obtained, with a time width of 0.919 ps at 1564.3 nm.

  17. Wideband tunable graphene-based passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Chenjie; Li, Diao; Bai, Yang; Ren, Zhaoyu; Bai, Jintao

    2015-04-01

    We investigate the characteristics of a graphene Q-switched Tm:YAP laser operating in a wavelength tunable regime. By using a volume Bragg grating (VBG) as the intra-cavity wavelength selection element, and graphene as the saturable absorber (SA), a tunable Q-switched Tm:YAP laser was realized with a continuous tunable wavelength range from 1965.2 to 2000.7 nm. Through careful alignment of the VBG and the graphene SA in coordination, stable pulsed laser operations were achieved at this wavelength range. A maximum output power of 920 mW was obtained at a wavelength of 1989.3 nm, corresponding to a pulse duration of 2.1 μs, a repetition rate of 91.6 kHz and a single pulse energy of 10.1 μJ.

  18. Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a Bi-doped GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cong, Wen; Li, Dechun; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Li, Xiangyang; Qiao, Hui; Liu, Ji

    2014-12-01

    Passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser is demonstrated using Bi-doped GaAs as saturable absorber. The Bi-doped GaAs wafer is fabricated by ion implantation and subsequent annealing. Compared with the Q-switched laser by undoped GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber, the laser with Bi-doped GaAs as saturable absorber can produce higher output power, shorter pulses, higher single pulse energies and higher peak powers. These results suggest that Bi-doped GaAs can be a promising new candidate of semiconductor saturable absorber in Q-switched laser.

  19. Compact, Passively Q-Switched Nd:YAG Laser for the MESSENGER Mission to the Planet Mercury

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krebs, Danny J.; Novo-Gradac, Anne-Marie; Li, Steven X.; Lindauer, Steven J.; Afzal, Robert S.; Yu, Antony

    2004-01-01

    A compact, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser has been developed for the Mercury Laser Altimeter (MLA) instrument which is an instrument on the MESSENGER mission to the planet Mercury. The laser achieves 5.4 percent efficiency with a near diffraction limited beam. It has passed all space flight environmental tests at system, instrument, and satellite integration. The laser design draws on a heritage of previous laser altimetry missions, specifically ISESAT and Mars Global Surveyor; but incorporates thermal management features unique to the requirements of an orbit of the planet Mercury.

  20. Passively Q-switched single-frequency 2μm laser used graphene as saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lei

    2016-04-01

    A graphene passively Q-switched single frequency Ho:YAG laser was demonstrated. Ho:YAG crystal was resonantly pumped by a 1908 nm diode laser. Twisted-mode single frequency technique was applied to realize single frequency oscillation. The maximum single frequency laser output was 358 mW. Single frequency pulse laser output was achieved by inserting a graphene into the single frequency Ho:YAG laser. The maximum average power of 149 mW was obtained with the pulse repetition rate of 40.45 kHz under 8.32 W of incident pump power.

  1. Dual-wavelength continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Nd,Y:SrF2 ceramic laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Feng; Liu, Jie; Li, Weiwei; Mei, Bingchu; Jiang, Dapeng; Qian, Xiaobo; Su, Liangbi

    2016-10-01

    A polycrystalline ceramic based on an Nd,Y:SrF2 single crystal was successfully fabricated and its laser performance was experimentally investigated. We obtained dual-wavelength continuous-wave operation at the wavelengths of 1050.5 and 1058.0 nm. The maximum output power and slope efficiency were 750 mW and 31.5%, respectively. In the passively Q-switched operation, the shortest pulse with a 169-ns duration was also obtained, and the corresponding maximum repetition rate and single pulse energy were 7.3 kHz and 19.2 μJ, respectively.

  2. Passively Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber lasers using colloidal PbS quantum dot saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yin-Wen; Chen, Chien-Ming; Huang, Chia-Wei; Chen, Shih-Ken; Jiang, Jhang-Rong

    2016-05-16

    We report on the demonstration of a passively Q-switched 1.55 µm fiber laser utilizing a colloidal PbS quantum dot (QD) thin film as a saturable absorber. Colloidal PbS QD films have several features that are advantageous in passively Q-switched fiber laser operation, including a large operation wavelength range, cost-effectiveness, and a low saturable absorption intensity. We conducted thorough material and optical studies to verify the advantages of PbS QDs in Q-switched laser operation and successfully generated 801 nJ pulses with a 24.2 kHz repetition rate. To the best of our knowledge, the developed Q-switched fiber laser is the first based on colloidal PbS QDs.

  3. Continuous-wave to pulse regimes for a family of passively mode-locked lasers with saturable nonlinearity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dikandé, Alain M.; Voma Titafan, J.; Essimbi, B. Z.

    2017-10-01

    The transition dynamics from continuous-wave to pulse regimes of operation for a generic model of passively mode-locked lasers with saturable absorbers, characterized by an active medium with non-Kerr nonlinearity, are investigated analytically and numerically. The system is described by a complex Ginzburg–Landau equation with a general m:n saturable nonlinearity (i.e {I}m/{(1+{{Γ }}I)}n, where I is the field intensity and m and n are two positive numbers), coupled to a two-level gain equation. An analysis of stability of continuous waves, following the modulational instability approach, provides a global picture of the self-starting dynamics in the system. The analysis reveals two distinct routes depending on values of the couple (m, n), and on the dispersion regime: in the normal dispersion regime, when m = 2 and n is arbitrary, the self-starting requires positive values of the fast saturable absorber and nonlinearity coefficients, but negative values of these two parameters for the family with m = 0. However, when the spectral filter is negative, the laser can self-start for certain values of the input field and the nonlinearity saturation coefficient Γ. The present work provides a general map for the self-starting mechanisms of rare-earth doped figure-eight fiber lasers, as well as Kerr-lens mode-locked solid-state lasers.

  4. Passively Q-switched Er,Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 laser with single-walled carbon nanotube based saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorbachenya, K. N.; Kisel, V. E.; Yasukevich, A. S.; Prudnikova, M. B.; Maltsev, V. V.; Leonyuk, N. I.; Choi, S. Y.; Rotermund, F.; Kuleshov, N. V.

    2017-03-01

    We demonstrate a passively Q-switched Er,Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 diode-pumped laser emitting near 1.5 µm. By using a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) as a saturable absorber, Q-switched laser pulses with energy of 0.8 µJ and duration of 130 ns at a maximum repetition rate of 500 kHz were obtained at 1550 nm.

  5. Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on ReS2 saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Feifei

    2017-06-01

    We demonstrate the generation of harmonic mode-locking (HML) in an erbium-doped fiber laser with a microfiber-based rhenium disulfide (ReS2) saturable absorber (SA). Taking advantages of both saturable absorption and large third-order nonlinear effect of ReS2, HML pulse with 318.5 MHz repetition rate can be obtained, corresponding to 168th harmonic of fundamental repetition frequency of 1.896 MHz. When the pump power is increased gradually, the pulse interval remains constant, while the output power increases linearly. At the pump power of 450 mW, the output power is ˜12 mW. The proposed high-repetition-rate pulse lasers would attract considerable attention due to its potential applications in soliton communications and frequency combs.

  6. Low threshold diode-pumped picosecond mode-locked Nd:YAG laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eshghi, M. J.; Majdabadi, A.; Koohian, A.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, a low threshold diode pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YAG laser has been demonstrated by using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. The threshold power for continuous-wave mode-locking is relatively low, about 3.2 W. The resonator stability across the pump power has been analytically examined. Moreover, the mode overlap between the pump beam and the laser fundamental mode has been simulated by MATLAB software. Adopting Z-shaped resonator configuration and suitable design of the resonator’s arm lengths, has enabled the author to prepare mode-locking conditions, and obtain 40 ps pulses with 112 MHz pulse repetition rate. The laser output was stable without any Q switched instability. To the best of our knowledge, this is the lowest threshold for CW mode-locking operation of a Nd:YAG laser.

  7. High-power passively mode-locked laser at 1062.4  nm based on Nd:LaGGG disordered crystal.

    PubMed

    Su, Xiancui; Zhao, Ruwei; Zhang, Baitao; Jia, Zhitai; Hou, Jia; He, Jingliang

    2015-03-10

    A diode-pumped passively continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:(La(x)Gd(1-x))3Ga5O12 (Nd:LaGGG) laser at 1062.4 nm with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror was demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Pulses with duration of 12.78 ps were produced at a repetition rate of 59.8 MHz. A maximum average mode-locked output power of 3.18 W was obtained at the absorbed pumped power of 10.12 W, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 35.7% and a peak power of 4.2 kW. As far as we know, this is the highest power obtained in the passively mode-locking operation with Nd3+-doped disordered garnet crystals.

  8. Passive mode locking of a GaSb-based quantum well diode laser emitting at 2.1 μm

    SciTech Connect

    Merghem, K.; Aubin, G.; Ramdane, A.; Teissier, R.; Baranov, A. N.; Monakhov, A. M.

    2015-09-14

    We demonstrate passive mode locking of a GaSb-based diode laser emitting at 2.1 μm. The active region of the studied device consists in two 10-nm-thick GaInSbAs/GaAlSbAs quantum wells. Passive mode locking has been achieved in a two-section laser with one of the sections used as a saturable absorber. A microwave signal at 20.6 GHz, measured in the electrical circuit of the absorber, corresponds to the fundamental photon round-trip frequency in the laser resonator. The linewidth of this signal as low as ∼10 kHz has been observed at certain operating conditions, indicating low phase noise mode-locked operation.

  9. Plate-shaped Yb:LuPO4 crystal for efficient CW and passively Q-switched microchip lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Junhai; Wang, Lisha; Han, Wenjuan; Xu, Honghao; Zhong, Degao; Teng, Bing

    2016-10-01

    It is demonstrated that plate-shaped crystals of Yb:LuPO4, which are grown from spontaneous nucleation by high-temperature solution method, can be utilized to make microchip lasers operating in continuous-wave (CW) or passively Q-switched mode. Efficient operation of such a microchip laser, which is built with a 0.3 mm thick crystal plate in a 2 mm long plane-parallel cavity, is realized at room temperature. With 2.37 W of pump power absorbed, 1.45 W of CW output power is generated with a slope efficiency of 73%. When passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG crystal plate as saturable absorber, the laser produces a maximum pulsed output power of 0.53 W at 1013.3 nm, at a pulse repetition rate of 23.8 kHz, the resulting pulse energy, duration, and peak power are 22.3 μJ, 4.0 ns, and 5.6 kW, respectively.

  10. A stable polarization switching laser from a bidirectional passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber oscillator.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Wei; Shen, Deyuan; Wang, Yishan; Ma, Hefeng; Wang, Fei

    2013-04-08

    We report on a novel polarization switching laser from a bidirectional passively mode-locked thulium(Tm)-doped fiber oscillator, which was characterized by the periodical change of polarization state of every pulse. The switching laser was created by combing two orthogonally stable vector solitons, which were found to be wave-breaking-free pulses in the all-anomalous-dispersion regime. The measured repetition rates of switching laser and the corresponding vector solitons were 49.596 MHz, 24.798 MHz, and 24.798MHz. By controlling wave plates, either of the polarized pulse trains can be switched on or off. To our knowledge, this is the first report of polarization switching laser with vector solitons in Tm fiber oscillators.

  11. Sub-300 femtosecond soliton tunable fiber laser with all-anomalous dispersion passively mode locked by black phosphorus.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu; Chen, Shuqing; Liu, Jun; Gao, Yanxia; Zhang, Wenjing

    2016-06-13

    By using evanescent field optical deposition method, we had successfully fabricated an effective optoelectronic device based on multi-layer black phosphorus (BP), which is been heavily investigating 2 dimensional (2D) semiconducting material with similar structure as graphene and thickness dependent direct band-gap. By placing this BP-based optoelectronic device inside a highly compact all-anomalous dispersion fiber laser cavity, stable passive mode-locking operation could be ensured and eventually a record 280 fs transmission limited soliton pulse with tunable central wavelength had been obtained through finely tailoring the cavity length. Other operation states, like bound soliton and noise-like state, had also been observed as well. This work demonstrates the enormous potential of BP for ultra-short pulse generation as an effective optoelectronic device.

  12. 2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Luo, Zhi-Chao; Liu, Meng; Liu, Hao; Zheng, Xu-Wu; Luo, Ai-Ping; Zhao, Chu-Jun; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuang-Chun; Xu, Wen-Cheng

    2013-12-15

    We report on the generation of passive harmonic mode locking of a fiber laser using a microfiber-based topological insulator (TI) Bi(2)Te(3) saturable absorber (SA). The optical deposition method was employed to fabricate the microfiber-based TISA. By virtue of the excellent nonlinear optical property of the proposed TISA, the fiber laser could operate at the pulse repetition rate of 2.04 GHz under a pump power of 126 mW, corresponding to the 418th harmonic of fundamental repetition frequency. The results demonstrate that the microfiber-based TI photonic device can operate as both the high nonlinear optical component and the SA in fiber lasers, and could also find other applications in the related fields of photonics.

  13. Passive mode locking and formation of dissipative solitons in electron oscillators with a bleaching absorber in the feedback loop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginzburg, N. S.; Kocharovskaya, E. R.; Vilkov, M. N.; Sergeev, A. S.

    2017-01-01

    The mechanisms of passive mode locking and formation of ultrashort pulses in microwave electron oscillators with a bleaching absorber in the feedback loop have been analyzed. It is shown that in the group synchronism regime in which the translational velocity of particles coincides with the group velocity of the electromagnetic wave, the pulse formation can be described by the equations known in the theory of dissipative solitons. At the same time, the regimes in which the translational velocity of electrons differs from the group velocity and the soliton being formed and moving along the electron beam consecutively (cumulatively) receives energy from various electron fractions are optimal for generating pulses with the maximal peak amplitudes.

  14. Passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Yb:LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jing-Hui, Liu; Jin-Rong, Tian; He-Yang, Guoyu; Run-Qin, Xu; Ke-Xuan, Li; Yan-Rong, Song; Xin-Ping, Zhang; Liang-Bi, Su; Jun, Xu

    2016-03-01

    We demonstrate a passively Q-switched Yb:LSO laser based on tungsten disulphide (WS2) saturable absorber operating at 1034 nm and 1056 nm simultaneously. The saturable absorbers were fabricated by spin coating method. With low speed, the WS2 nanoplatelets embedded in polyvinyl alcohol could be coated on a BK7 glass substrate coated with high-refractive-index thin polymer. The shortest pulse width of 1.6 μs with a repetition rate of 76.9 kHz is obtained. As the pump power increases to 9 W, the maximum output power is measured to be 250 mW, corresponding to a single pulse energy of 3.25 μJ. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time to obtain dual-wavelength Q-switched solid-state laser using few-layer WS2 nanoplatelets. Project supported by the National Scientific Research Project of China (Grant No. 61177047), Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation, China (Grant No. 1102005), and the Basic Research Foundation of Beijing University of Technology, China (Grant No. X3006111201501).

  15. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on Zn nanoparticles as a saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaca-Morán, P.; Ortega-Mendoza, J. G.; Lozano-Perera, G. J.; Gómez-Pavón, L. C.; Pérez-Sánchez, G. F.; Padilla-Martínez, J. P.; Felipe, C.

    2017-10-01

    In this work, a passively Q-switched erbium-doped ring laser using zinc nanoparticles as a saturable absorber is studied and experimentally demonstrated. To achieve this, a saturable absorber was developed through a selective incorporation of zinc nanoparticles onto the core of an optical fiber using a coherent light source of an infrared laser at 1550 nm, then the saturable absorber was inserted into a laser cavity. The laser has a threshold pump power of 57.7 mW at 980 nm, and a range of pulse-repetition rate from 12.3 to 43 kHz. The highest pulse energy of 2.6 nJ was obtained at a repetition rate of 43 kHz and an output wavelength of 1565.5 nm. In addition, the saturable absorber was morphologically characterized by using both scanning electron and atomic force microscopy showing a uniform distribution of nanoparticles deposited on the optical fiber core. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of a Q-switched fiber laser using Zn nanoparticles as a device of saturable absorption.

  16. Watt-level passively Q-switched double-cladding fiber laser based on graphene oxide saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Yu, Zhenhua; Song, Yanrong; Dong, Xinzheng; Li, Yanlin; Tian, Jinrong; Wang, Yonggang

    2013-10-10

    A watt-level passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber laser with a graphene oxide (GO) absorber was demonstrated. The structure of the GO saturable absorber mirror (GO-SAM) was of the sandwich type. A maximum output power of 1.8 W was obtained around a wavelength of 1044 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output power in Q-switched fiber lasers based on a GO saturable absorber. The pure GO was protected from the oxygen in the air so that the damage threshold of the GO-SAM was effectively raised. The gain fiber was a D-shaped ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber. The pulse repetition rates were tuned from 120 to 215 kHz with pump powers from 3.89 to 7.8 W. The maximum pulse energy was 8.37 μJ at a pulse width of 1.7 μs.

  17. Third-order nonlinearity and passive Q-switching of Cr⁴⁺:YGG garnet crystal.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shuxian; Zhang, Yuxia; Wu, Kui; Zhang, Rui; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Zhang, Guanghui; Xiong, Qihua

    2015-05-15

    We demonstrate the third-order nonlinear optical properties of Cr(4+):Y(3)Ga(5)O(12) (Cr(4+):YGG) and Q-switched lasers with Cr(4+):YGG as the saturable absorber for the first time to our knowledge. The third-order nonlinear properties, including the optical Kerr nonlinearity and saturable absorption, were systematically measured and analyzed in detail by using a Z-scan technique. The measured data show that Cr(4+):YGG has a large nonlinear refractive index, ground-state absorption cross section, and excited-state absorption cross section in contrast to Cr(4+):Y(3)Al(5)O(12) (Cr(4+):YAG). With a Nd:YGG crystal as the gain medium and a Cr(4+):YGG crystal as the saturable absorber, the passively Q-switched laser was performed. The shortest pulse width and largest pulse energy were achieved at the absorbed pump power of 8 W with the values of 9.1 ns and 26.1 μJ, respectively, corresponding to the average output power of 0.87 W and peak power of 2.9 kW. The results indicate that Cr(4+):YGG is an available and promising optical switcher for pulsed lasers.

  18. Passively Q-switched Ytterbium doped fiber laser with mechanically exfoliated MoS2 saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Masoodi, A. H. H.; Ahmed, M. H. M.; Latiff, A. A.; Arof, H.; Harun, S. W.

    2017-01-01

    A passively Q-switched Ytterbium-doped fiber laser (YDFL) based on MoS2 saturable absorber (SA) is demonstrated. A few layers of MoS2 are mechanically exfoliated from a natural MoS2 crystal using a scotch tape and the resulting SA is sandwiched between two fiber ferrules to form a fiber compatible Q-switcher. The saturation intensity, non-saturable intensity, and modulation depth of the MoS2 SA are 23.5 MW/cm2, 23.0, and 11.3%, respectively. By introducing the MoS2 SA into the YDFL cavity, a stable pulse laser is generated at 1070.2 nm wavelength with a threshold pump power of 49.57 mW. The repetition rate of the Q-switched pulses ranges from 3.817 to 25.25 kHz, as the 980 nm pump power increases from 49.57 to 87.2 mW. The highest pulse energy is 295.45 nJ at a pump power of 87.2 mW.

  19. High-pulse-energy passively Q-switched quasi-monolithic microchip lasers operating in the sub-100-ps pulse regime.

    PubMed

    Nodop, D; Limpert, J; Hohmuth, R; Richter, W; Guina, M; Tünnermann, A

    2007-08-01

    We present passively Q-switched microchip lasers with items bonded by spin-on-glass glue. Passive Q-switching is obtained by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. The laser medium is a Nd:YVO(4) crystal. These lasers generate pulse peak powers up to 20 kW at a pulse duration as short as 50 ps and pulse repetition rates of 166 kHz. At 1064 nm, a linear polarized transversal and longitudinal single-mode beam is emitted. To the best of our knowledge, these are the shortest pulses in the 1 microJ energy range ever obtained with passively Q-switched microchip lasers. The quasi-monolithic setup ensures stable and reliable performance.

  20. Comparative study of passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:YVO4/Nd:YAG lasers based on CVD graphene and controlled operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Fuqiang; Liu, Pei; Li, Kang; Chen, Hao; Cheng, Yongjie; Cai, Zhiping; Copner, Nigel

    2017-07-01

    In this paper, a comparative study of passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:YVO4 and Nd:YAG lasers using four different layers CVD graphene as saturable absorber are demonstrated experimentally for the first time. Moreover, it is successful to accurately control the frequency of repetition rates of the CVD graphern passively Q-switched lasers by pulsed pump. The impacts of laser materials, layers of CVD graphene and cavity length on output parameters are investigated intensively as well, the result shows that the c-cut Nd:YVO4 is a promising laser media compared with Nd:YAG for passively Q-switched lasers based on CVD graphene, as it has better performances in pulse width, pulse energy and peak power. A useful and cost-effective way to generate stable pulsed lasers by CVD graphene or other novel saturable materials are demonstrated.

  1. Dual-wavelength passive and hybrid mode-locking of 3, 4.5 and 10 GHz InAs/InP(100) quantum dot lasers.

    PubMed

    Tahvili, M S; Du, L; Heck, M J R; Nötzel, R; Smit, M K; Bente, E A J M

    2012-03-26

    We present an investigation of passive and hybrid mode-locking in Fabry-Pérot type two-section InAs/InP(100) quantum dot lasers that show dual wavelength operation. Over the whole current and voltage range for mode-locking of these lasers, the optical output spectra show two distinct lobes. The two lobes provide a coherent bandwidth and are verified to lead to two synchronized optical pulses. The generated optical pulses are elongated in time due to a chirp which shows opposite signs over the two spectral lobes. Self-induced mode-locking in the single-section laser shows that the dual-wavelength spectra correspond to emission from ground state. In the hybrid mode-locking regime, a map of locking range is presented by measuring the values of timing jitter for several values of power and frequency of the external electrical modulating signal. An overview of the systematic behavior of InAs/InP(100) quantum dot mode-locked lasers is presented as conclusion.

  2. Single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber for a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chun; Cai, Wei; Liu, Jie; Su, Liangbi; Jiang, Dapeng; Ma, Fengkai; Zhang, Qian; Xu, Jun; Wang, Yonggang

    2016-08-01

    A reflective single-walled carbon nanotube as saturable absorber has been firstly adopted to a passively mode-locked Nd,Y:SrF2 crystal. Without any dispersion compensation, the stably mode-locked laser delivers pulses with pulse width as short as 1.7 ps, repetition rate of 107.8 MHz and center wavelength of 1056 nm. The oscillator produces maximum average output power of 319 mW corresponding with a high slope efficiency of 20.2%. The single pulse energy and the peak power are 2.96 nJ and 1.74 kW, respectively. The experimental results show that single-walled carbon nanotube is an excellent saturable absorber for mode-locked lasers.

  3. High energy pulses generation with giant spectrum bandwidth and submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser in all normal dispersion cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, J.-H.; Wang, D.; Lin, K.-H.

    2011-01-01

    Robust passively mode-locked pulse generation with low pulse repetition rate and giant spectrum bandwidth in an all-fiber, all-normal-dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber laser has been experimentally demonstrated using nonlinear polarization evolution technique. The highest pulse energy over 20 nJ with spectrum bandwidth over 50 nm can be experimentally obtained at 175 mW pump power. The mode-locked pulses reveal broadened 3-dB pulsewidth about several nanosecond and widened pedestal in time trace that is resulted from enormous dispersion in laser cavity and gain dynamics. At certain mode-locking state, a spectrum gap around 1056 nm are observed between the three and four energy levels of Yb-doped fiber laser. By properly rotating the polarization controller, the gap can be eliminated due to four-wave mixing to produce more flattened spectrum output.

  4. High-order harmonic noise-like pulsing of a passively mode-locked double-clad Er/Yb fibre ring laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pottiez, O.; Hernández-García, J. C.; Ibarra-Escamilla, B.; Kuzin, E. A.; Durán-Sánchez, M.; González-García, A.

    2014-11-01

    In this paper, we study noise-like pulse generation in a km-long fibre ring laser including a double-clad erbium-ytterbium fibre and passively mode-locked through nonlinear polarization evolution. Although single noise-like pulsing is only observed at moderate pump power, pulse energies as high as 120 nJ are reached in this regime. For higher pump power, the pulse splits into several noise-like pulses, which then rearrange into a stable and periodic pulse train. Harmonic mode locking from the 2nd to the 48th orders is readily obtained. At pump powers close to the damage threshold of the setup, much denser noise-like pulse trains are demonstrated, reaching harmonic orders beyond 1200 and repetition frequencies in excess of a quarter of a GHz. The mechanisms leading to noise-like pulse breaking and stable high-order harmonic mode locking are discussed.

  5. 4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror.

    PubMed

    He, Jing-Liang; Fan, Ya-Xian; Du, Juan; Wang, Yong-Gang; Liu, Sheng; Wang, Hui-Tian; Zhang, Lian-Han; Hang, Yin

    2004-12-01

    We have demonstrated a passively mode-locked diode end-pumped all-solid-state laser, which is composed of a Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 crystal and a folded cavity with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror grown by metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition. Stable cw mode locking with a 3.8-ps pulse duration at a repetition rate of 112 MHz was obtained. At 13.6 W of the incident pump power, a clean mode-locked fundamental-mode average output power of 3.9 W was achieved with an overall optical-to-optical efficiency of 29.0%, and the slope efficiency was 38.1%.

  6. LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, H. N.; Li, P.; Wang, Q. P.; Chen, X. H.

    2011-11-01

    we have experimentally studied the passively Q-switched performance of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1062 nm with a GaAs saturable absorber, in the experiment when the pumped power was 9.8 W, the maximum CW output power of 5.1 W was obtained. The optical conversion efficiency and the slop efficiency were 52 and 53%, respectively. The threshold was 0.9 W. In the passively Q-switched regime, we get the average output power of 0.93 W. The shortest pulse width and pulse repetition rate were 7 ns and 188 kHz, respectively.

  7. MoS2 nanoflowers as high performance saturable absorbers for an all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Rongfei; Zhang, Hang; Tian, Xiangling; Qiao, Tian; Hu, Zhongliang; Chen, Zhi; He, Xin; Yu, Yongze; Qiu, Jianrong

    2016-03-01

    Strong saturable absorption was observed in MoS2 nanoflowers, which were synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. A MoS2 nanoflower-based saturable absorber with a high modulation depth of 51.8% and a large saturable intensity of 275.5 GW cm-2 was introduced to the application of passively Q-switched fiber laser generation. Stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulses at 1.56 μm with a low threshold power of 16.10 mW, high signal-to-noise ratio of 52.5 dB and short pulse duration of 1.9 μs were obtained. More importantly, a high output power of 3.10 mW related to a large pulse energy of about 51.84 nJ can be attained at a very low pump power. The efficiency of the laser reaches 4.71%, which is larger than that of the prepared layered MoS2 and recently reported MoS2-based passively Q-switching operations. Such results imply that the MoS2 nanoflowers are an excellent candidate for a saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber lasers at a low pump intensity.Strong saturable absorption was observed in MoS2 nanoflowers, which were synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. A MoS2 nanoflower-based saturable absorber with a high modulation depth of 51.8% and a large saturable intensity of 275.5 GW cm-2 was introduced to the application of passively Q-switched fiber laser generation. Stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulses at 1.56 μm with a low threshold power of 16.10 mW, high signal-to-noise ratio of 52.5 dB and short pulse duration of 1.9 μs were obtained. More importantly, a high output power of 3.10 mW related to a large pulse energy of about 51.84 nJ can be attained at a very low pump power. The efficiency of the laser reaches 4.71%, which is larger than that of the prepared layered MoS2 and recently reported MoS2-based passively Q-switching operations. Such results imply that the MoS2 nanoflowers are an excellent candidate for a saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber lasers at a low pump intensity. Electronic supplementary

  8. Antiphase state in passively Q-switched Yb:YAG microchip multimode lasers with a saturable absorber GaAs

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Qiulin; Feng Baohua; Zhang Dongxiang; Fu Panming; Zhang Zhiguo; Zhao Zhiwei; Deng Peizhen; Xu Jun; Xu Xiaodong; Wang Yonggang; Ma Xiaoyu

    2004-05-01

    We report on recent experimental results of the spontaneous antiphase dynamics that occurs in a laser-diode-pumped multimode passively Q-switched microchip Yb:YAG (where YAG is yttrium aluminum garnet) lasers with a saturable absorber GaAs. We observe that the pulse sequence of the first mode characterized by one, two, and three pulses as a group and all the modes display an antiphase state as the pumping ratio rises. We modify the multimode rate equations to account for nonlinear absorption due to GaAs in the presence of spatial hole burning. We perform numerical simulations based on the proposed rate equations and reproduce the observed antiphase state of two and three active modes.

  9. Passively Q-switched erbium all-fiber lasers by use of thulium-doped saturable-absorber fibers.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Tzong-Yow; Fang, Yen-Cheng; Hung, Shih-Hao

    2010-05-10

    We demonstrate all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium lasers at 1570 nm using Tm(3+)-doped saturable-absorber fibers. The absorption cross section of a Tm(3+)-doped fiber at 1570 nm was measured in a bleaching experiment to be about 1.44 x 10(-20) cm(2). With a thulium-doped fiber, sequential pulses with a pulse energy of 9 microJ and a pulse duration of about 420 ns were stably produced at repetition rates in the range 0.1 to 2 kHz. The maximum pulse repetition rate was 6 kHz, limited by the maximum pump power of a 980-nm laser diode, about 230 mW.

  10. Passively Q-switched VCSEL-pumped Nd:YAG laser with 47 mJ pulse energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Leeuwen, Robert; Xu, Bing; Wang, Qing; Xu, Guoyang; Zhou, Delai; Kovsh, Alexey; Seurin, Jean-Francois; Ghosh, Chuni

    2017-02-01

    A compact passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser was end-pumped by a water-cooled 808 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) pump module comprising four high power, high brightness VCSEL chips with a combined 10 mm diameter circular emitting area and 2.3 kW total peak power, resulting in 47 mJ laser pulse energy at 1064 nm with 16% optical efficiency at 15 Hz repetition frequency. A laser package comprising an air-cooled 1.6 kW VCSEL pump module produced 37 mJ laser pulse energy, while more than 13 mJ laser pulse energy was demonstrated in a bench-top experiment with a very compact laser set-up using a single 5 mm x 5 mm VCSEL chip.

  11. Passively Q-switched 1.33 μm Nd:GAGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuo, C.-H.; Zhang, B.-T.; He, J.-L.

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 (Co2+:LMA) crystals as the saturable absorber, the efficient passively Q-switched laser performance of a diode-end-pumped Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 (Nd:GAGG) laser at 1.33 μm has been realized. Under the absorbed pump power of 8.2 W, a maximum average output power of 450 mW was recorded with a Co2+:LMA crystal with an initial transmission of 90%. The minimum pulse duration was 14.6 ns, corresponding to the repetition rate of 3 kHz, the single pulse energy of 110 μJ and the pulse peak power of 7.1 kW.

  12. CW and passively Q-switched laser performance of Nd:Lu2SiO5 crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Xiaodong; Di, Juqing; Zhang, Jian; Tang, Dingyuan; Xu, Jun

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrated an efficient and controllable dual-wavelength continuous-wave (CW) laser of Nd:Lu2SiO5 (Nd:LSO) crystal. The maximum output power was 3.02 W at wavelength of 1075 nm and 1079 nm, and with increasing of absorbed pump power, the ratio of 1079 nm laser rose. The slope efficiency of 65.6% and optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 63.3% were obtained. The passively Q-switched laser properties of Nd:LSO were investigated for the first time. The shortest pulse, maximum pulse energy and peak power were 11.58 ns, 29.05 μJ and 2.34 kW, respectively.

  13. High-damage-resistant tungsten disulfide saturable absorber mirror for passively Q-switched fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hao; Chen, YuShan; Yin, Jinde; Zhang, Xuejun; Guo, Tuan; Yan, Peiguang

    2016-07-25

    In this paper, we demonstrate a high-damage-resistant tungsten disulfide saturable absorber mirror (WS2-SAM) fabricated by magnetron sputtering technique. The WS2-SAM has an all-fiber-integrated configuration and high-damage-resistant merit because the WS2 layer is protected by gold film so as to avoid being oxidized and destroyed at high pump power. Employing the WS2-SAM in an Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with linear cavity, the stable Q-switching operation is achieved at central wavelength of 1560 nm, with the repetition rates ranging from 29.5 kHz to 367.8 kHz and the pulse duration ranging from 1.269 μs to 154.9 ns. For the condition of the maximum pump power of 600 mW, the WS2-SAM still works stably with an output power of 25.2 mW, pulse energy of 68.5 nJ, and signal-noise-ratio of 42 dB. The proposed WS2-SAM configuration provides a promising solution for advanced pulsed fiber lasers with the characteristics of high damage resistance, high output energy, and wide tunable frequency.

  14. Passive synchronization of erbium and thulium doped fiber mode-locked lasers enhanced by common graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Sotor, Jaroslaw; Sobon, Grzegorz; Tarka, Jan; Pasternak, Iwona; Krajewska, Aleksandra; Strupinski, Wlodek; Abramski, Krzysztof M

    2014-03-10

    In this work we present for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a passively synchronized thulium (Tm) and erbium (Er) doped fiber laser mode-locked by a common graphene saturable absorber (GSA). The laser consists of two ring resonators combined with a 90 cm long common fiber branch incorporating the saturable absorber (SA). Such laser generates optical solitons centered at 1558.5 nm and 1938 nm with pulse durations of 915 fs and 1.57 ps, respectively. Both laser loops were passively synchronized at repetition frequency of 20.5025 MHz by nonlinear interaction (cross phase modulation, XPM) in common fiber branch between generated pulses. The maximum cavity mismatch of the Er-laser in synchronization regime was 0.78 mm. The synchronization mechanism was also investigated. We demonstrate that the third order nonlinearities of graphene enhance the synchronization range. In our case the range was increased about 85%. The integrated RMS timing jitter between the synchronized pulses was 67 fs.

  15. High-power passively mode-locked Nd:YVO(4) laser using SWCNT saturable absorber fabricated by dip coating method.

    PubMed

    Tang, Chun Yin; Chai, Yang; Long, Hui; Tao, Lili; Zeng, Long Hui; Tsang, Yuen Hong; Zhang, Ling; Lin, Xuechun

    2015-02-23

    Passive mode locked laser is typically achieved by the Semiconductor Saturable absorber Mirror, SESAM, saturable absorber, which is produced by expensive and complicated metal organic chemical vapor deposition method. Carbon based single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT), saturable absorber, is a promising material which is capable to produce stable passive mode-locking in the high power laser cavity over a wide operational wavelength range. This study has successfully demonstrated the high power mode locking laser system operating at 1 micron by using SWCNT based absorbers fabricated by dip coating method. The proposed fabrication method is practical, simple and cost effective for fabricating SWCNT saturable absorber. The demonstrated high power Nd:YVO(4) mode-locked laser operating at 1064nm have maximum output power up to 2.7W,with the 167MHz repetition rate and 3.1 ps pulse duration, respectively. The calculated output pulse energy and peak power are 16.1nJ and 5.2kW, respectively.

  16. MoS2 nanoflowers as high performance saturable absorbers for an all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Wei, Rongfei; Zhang, Hang; Tian, Xiangling; Qiao, Tian; Hu, Zhongliang; Chen, Zhi; He, Xin; Yu, Yongze; Qiu, Jianrong

    2016-04-14

    Strong saturable absorption was observed in MoS2 nanoflowers, which were synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. A MoS2 nanoflower-based saturable absorber with a high modulation depth of 51.8% and a large saturable intensity of 275.5 GW cm(-2) was introduced to the application of passively Q-switched fiber laser generation. Stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulses at 1.56 μm with a low threshold power of 16.10 mW, high signal-to-noise ratio of 52.5 dB and short pulse duration of 1.9 μs were obtained. More importantly, a high output power of 3.10 mW related to a large pulse energy of about 51.84 nJ can be attained at a very low pump power. The efficiency of the laser reaches 4.71%, which is larger than that of the prepared layered MoS2 and recently reported MoS2-based passively Q-switching operations. Such results imply that the MoS2 nanoflowers are an excellent candidate for a saturable absorber in passively Q-switched fiber lasers at a low pump intensity.

  17. All-fiber dual wavelength passive Q-switched fiber laser using a dispersion-decreasing taper fiber in a nonlinear loop mirror.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Harith; Dernaika, Mohamad; Harun, Sulaiman Wadi

    2014-09-22

    This paper describes a proposal and successful demonstration of a dual wavelength all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring laser. The Q-switch operation was realized by using a nonlinear loop mirror that incorporated an unbalanced dispersion-decreasing taper fiber to act as a saturable absorber without additional elements. This setup enabled a fiber ring laser to achieve a performance of 48.7 kHz repetition rate with pulse duration of around 3.2 μs and approximate pulse energy of 20 nJ.

  18. Verification of the windings axial clamping forces for high voltage power transformers by using passively mode-locked fiber lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şchiopu, IonuÅ£ Romeo; ǎgulinescu, Andrei, Dr; Iordǎnescu, Raluca; Marinescu, Andrei

    2015-02-01

    The current paper describes an optoelectronic method for direct monitoring of the axial clamping forces both in static and in dynamic duty. As advantages of this method we can state that it can be applied both to new and refurbished transformers without performing constructive changes or affecting in any way the transformer safety in operation. For monitoring the axial clamping forces for high-voltage (HV) power transformers, we use an optical fiber that we integrate into the laser cavity of a passively mode-locked fiber laser (PMFL). To each axial clamp corresponds a solitonic optical spectrum that is changed at the periodical passing of the fundamental soliton pulse through the sensitive fiber inside the transformer. Moreover, as a specific characteristic, the laser stability is unique for each set of axial clamping forces. Other important advantages of using an optical fiber as compared to the classical approach in which electronic sensors are used consist in the good reliability and insulator properties of the optical fiber, avoiding any risk of fire or damage of the transformer.

  19. Passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber lasers with 0.3 nm Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Xintong; Zhai, Jianpang; Li, Ling; Chen, Yanping; Yu, Yongqin; Zhang, Min; Ruan, Shuangchen; Tang, Zikang

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) by using the smallest single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with a diameter of 0.3 nm as the saturable absorber. These ultrasmall SWNTs are fabricated in the elliptical nanochannels of a ZnAPO4-11 (AEL) single crystal. By placing an AEL crystal into an EDFL cavity pumped by a 980 nm laser diode, stable passive mode-locking is achieved for a threshold pump power of 280 mW, and 73 ps pulses at 1563.2 nm with a repetition rate of 26.79 MHz. PMID:25342292

  20. 1.61 μm high-order passive harmonic mode locking in a fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Meng, Yichang; Niang, Alioune; Guesmi, Khmaies; Salhi, Mohamed; Sanchez, Francois

    2014-12-01

    We demonstrate a passive mode-locked Er:Yb doped double-clad ring fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber. By adjusting the polarization controller and minimizing the cavity loss, the laser can operate at hundreds of harmonics of the fundamental repetition frequency of the resonator with the central wavelength of 1.61 μm. Up to 683rd harmonic (which corresponds to 5.882 GHz) of the fundamental repetition frequency was achieved.

  1. CONTROLLING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LASER LIGHT: Passive mode locking of neodymium lasers using glasses with CuInS2xSe2(1-x) microcrystallites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yumashev, K. V.; Mikhaĭlov, V. P.; Bondar', I. V.; Demchuk, M. I.; Prokoshin, P. V.; Dashyan, R. S.

    1993-09-01

    We report passive mode locking of Nd:YAG and Nd:YAlO3 lasers using glasses with microcrystallites of CuInS2xSe2(1-x). We show that it is possible for these glasses to act as saturable absorbers in lasers with active negative feedback. We have obtained ultrashort pulses with a duration of 16 ps and an energy of 20 mJ.

  2. Model of the self-Q-switching instability of passively phased fiber laser arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Bochove, Erik J.; Aceves, Alejandro B.; Braiman, Yehuda; Colet, Pere R.; Deiterding, Ralf; Jacobo, Adrian; Miller, Casey A; Rhodes, Charles; Shakir, Sami A.

    2011-01-01

    A simple physical model is presented to explain observed self-pulsations in passively phased rare earth-doped fiber laser arrays. Their essential features are the feedback level s sensitivity to small perturbations in the phases of array fields, hence altering the cavity s Q-value, and the nonlinear changes in the refractive index of the amplifier gain media. The model s qualitative prediction for an array having at least two elements that is operated at sufficiently high power levels, of the growth of an initial disturbance, is confirmed by a linearized stability analysis of the field and medium equations.

  3. Passive Q-switching of a Tm:YLF laser with a Co2+ doped silver halide saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hecht, Harel; Burshtein, Zeev; Katzir, Abraham; Noach, Salman; Sokol, Maxim; Frumker, Eugene; Galun, Ehud; Ishaaya, Amiel A.

    2017-02-01

    We report a successful passive Q-switching of a Tm:YLF laser operating at λ = 1.9 μm, using a Co2+:AgCl0.5Br0.5 saturable absorber. Approximately 200-ns long, 150 μJ pulses were obtained. Increase in pump energy resulted in repetitive pulsing, with a repetition rate approximately proportional to the pump pulse energy. Room-temperature optical transmission saturation curves measured in ∼1-mm thick Co2+:AgCl0.5Br0.5 plates yielded a ground state absorption cross section σgs =(7.8 ± 0.5) ×10-18 cm2 , and an excited state absorption cross section σes =(3.3 ± 0.3) ×10-18 cm2 , at λ = 1.9 μm. The lifetime of the A2(4F) second excited-state of the octahedral O symmetry was τ∗ =(0.6 ± 0.06) ns .

  4. Tm:CaGdAlO4: spectroscopy, microchip laser and passive Q-switching by carbon nanostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loiko, Pavel; Mateos, Xavier; Choi, Sun Young; Rotermund, Fabian; Liebald, Christoph; Peltz, Mark; Vernay, Sophie; Rytz, Daniel; Wang, Yicheng; Kemnitzer, Matthias; Agnesi, Antonio; Vilejshikova, Elena; Yumashev, Konstantin; Griebner, Uwe; Petrov, Valentin

    2017-02-01

    Absorption, stimulated-emission and gain cross-sections are determined for 3 at.% Tm:CaGdAlO4. This crystal is employed in a microchip laser diode-pumped at 802 nm. In the continuous-wave (CW) regime, this laser generates 1.16 W at 1883-1893 nm with a slope efficiency of 32% with respect to the absorbed pump power. Using a special "bandpass" output coupler, vibronic CW laser operation up to 2043 nm is achieved. For passive Q-switching of the Tm:CaGdAlO4 laser-saturable absorbers (SAs) based on CVD-grown graphene and randomly-oriented arc-discharge single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in a PMMA film. The SWCNT-SA demonstrates superior performance. The laser produced a maximum average output power of 245 mW at 1844 nm with a slope efficiency of 8%. The latter corresponds to a pulse energy and duration of 6 μJ and 138 ns, respectively, at a repetition rate of 41 kHz. Using the graphene-SA, 2.8 μJ, 490 ns pulses are obtained at a repetition rate of 86 kHz.

  5. Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Shi, Wei; Kerr, Shaun; Utkin, Ilya; Ranasinghesagara, Janaka; Pan, Lei; Godwal, Yogesh; Zemp, Roger J; Fedosejevs, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) is a novel imaging technology for visualizing optically absorbing superficial structures in vivo with lateral spatial resolution determined by optical focusing rather than acoustic detection. Since scanning of the illumination spot is required, OR-PAM imaging speed is limited by both scanning speed and laser pulse repetition rate. Unfortunately, lasers with high repetition rates and suitable pulse durations and energies are not widely available and can be cost-prohibitive and bulky. We are developing compact, passively Q-switched fiber and microchip laser sources for this application. The properties of these lasers are discussed, and pulse repetition rates up to 100 kHz are demonstrated. OR-PAM imaging was conducted using a previously developed photoacoustic probe, which enabled flexible scanning of the focused output of the lasers. Phantom studies demonstrate the ability to image with lateral spatial resolution of 7±2 μm with the microchip laser system and 15±5 μm with the fiber laser system. We believe that the high pulse repetition rates and the potentially compact and fiber-coupled nature of these lasers will prove important for clinical imaging applications where real-time imaging performance is essential.

  6. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Passive mode locking of a Nd:YAG laser with a thin gelatine-film saturable absorber containing organic-dye J-aggregates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avdeeva, V. I.; Kuch'yanov, Aleksandr S.; Plekhanov, A. I.; Solominskii, Yu L.; Tolmachev, Alexei I.; Shapiro, Boris I.

    2003-06-01

    Ultrashort pulses of duration ~13 ps are first obtained in a passively mode-locked Nd:YAG laser with a negative feedback using a thin gelatine-film saturable absorber containing organic-dye J-aggregates.

  7. Thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by black phosphorus nanoplatelets-based saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hao; Zheng, Xin; Yin, Ke; Cheng, Xiang'ai; Jiang, Tian

    2015-12-01

    By coupling black phosphorus (BP) nanoplatelets (NPs) with a fiber-taper evanescent light field, a saturable absorber (SA) based on the BP NPs has been successfully fabricated and used in a thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser as the mode locker. The SA had a modulation depth of ∼9.8% measured at 1.93 μm. A stable mode-locking operation at 1898 nm was achieved with a pulse width of 1.58 ps and a fundamental mode-lock repetition rate of 19.2 MHz. By increasing the pump intensity, phenomena of multi-pulsing operations, including harmonic mode-locked states and soliton bunches, were obtained in the experiment, showing that the BP NPs possess an ultrafast optical response time. This work suggests that the BP NPs-based SA is potentially useful for ultrashort, pulsed laser operations in the eye-safe region of 2 μm.

  8. Passive mode locking of ytterbium- and erbium-doped all-fiber lasers using graphene oxide saturable absorbers.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hou-Ren; Tsai, Chih-Ya; Cheng, Hsin-Ming; Lin, Kuei-Huei; Hsieh, Wen-Feng

    2014-06-02

    Broadband graphene oxide/PVA films were used as saturable absorbers (SAs) for mode locking erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) and ytterbium-doped fiber laser (YDFL) at 1.06 μm and 1.55 μm. They provide modulation depths of 3.15% and 6.2% for EDFL and YDFL, respectively. Stable self-starting mode-locked pulses are obtained for both lasers, confirming that the graphene oxide is cost-effective. We have generated mode-locked pulses with spectral width, repetition rate, and pulse duration of 0.75 nm, 9.5 MHz, and 2.7 ps. This is the shortest pulse duration directly obtained from an all-normal-dispersion YDFL with graphene-oxide saturable absorber.

  9. Modeling and characterization of pulse shape and pulse train dynamics in two-section passively mode-locked quantum dot lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raghunathan, R.; Mee, J. K.; Crowley, M. T.; Grillot, F.; Kovanis, V.; Lester, L. F.

    2013-03-01

    A nonlinear delay differential equation model for passive mode-locking in semiconductor lasers, seeded with parameters extracted from the gain and loss spectra of a quantum dot laser, is employed to simulate and study the dynamical regimes of mode-locked operation of the device. The model parameter ranges corresponding to these regimes are then mapped to externally-controllable parameters such as gain current and absorber bias voltage. Using this approach, a map indicating the approximate regions corresponding to fundamental and harmonically mode locked operation is constructed as a function of gain current and absorber bias voltage. This is shown to be a highly useful method of getting a sense of the highest repetition rates achievable in principle with a simple, two-section device, and provides a guideline toward achieving higher repetition rates by simply adjusting external biasing conditions instantaneously while the device is in operation, as opposed to re-engineering the device with additional passive or saturable absorber sections. The general approach could potentially aid the development of numerical modeling techniques aimed at providing a systematic guideline geared toward developing microwave and RF photonic sources for THz applications.

  10. Low-timing-jitter, stretched-pulse passively mode-locked fiber laser with tunable repetition rate and high operation stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yuanshan; Zhang, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guofu; Zhao, Wei; Bai, Jing

    2010-09-01

    We design a low-timing-jitter, repetition-rate-tunable, stretched-pulse passively mode-locked fiber laser by using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM), a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM), and a tunable optical delay line in the laser configuration. Low-timing-jitter optical pulses are stably produced when a SESAM and a 0.16 m dispersion compensation fiber are employed in the laser cavity. By inserting a tunable optical delay line between NALM and SESAM, the variable repetition-rate operation of a self-starting, passively mode-locked fiber laser is successfully demonstrated over a range from 49.65 to 50.47 MHz. The experimental results show that the newly designed fiber laser can maintain the mode locking at the pumping power of 160 mW to stably generate periodic optical pulses with width less than 170 fs and timing jitter lower than 75 fs in the 1.55 µm wavelength region, when the fundamental repetition rate of the laser is continuously tuned between 49.65 and 50.47 MHz. Moreover, this fiber laser has a feature of turn-key operation with high repeatability of its fundamental repetition rate in practice.

  11. Optimization of passively mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser with the selectable pulse duration 15-70 ps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frank, Milan; Jelínek, Michal; Vyhlídal, David; Kubeček, Václav

    2016-12-01

    In this paper the optimization of a continuously diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser oscillator in bounce geometry passively mode-locked using semiconductor saturable absorber mirror is presented. In the previous results the Nd:GdVO4 laser system generating 30 ps pulses with the average output power of 6.9 W at the repetition rate of 200 MHz at the wavelength of 1063 nm was reported. Now we are demonstrating up to three times increase of peak power due to the optimization of mode-matching in the laser resonator. Depending on the oscillator configuration we obtained the stable continuously mode-locked operation with pulses having selectable duration from 15 ps to 70 ps with the average output power of 7 W and the repetition rate of 150 MHz.

  12. Compression mechanism of subpicosecond pulses by malachite green dye in passively mode-locked rhodamine 6G/DODCI CW dye lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Watanabe, A.; Hara, M.; Kobayashi, H.; Takemura, H.; Tanaka, S.

    1983-04-01

    The pulse width compression effect of a malachite green (MG) dye upon subpicosecond pulses has been experimentally investigated in a CW passively mode-locked rhodamine 6G/DODCI dye laser. The pulse width reduces as MG concentration increases, and reaches 0.34 ps at 1.5 X 10/sup -6/ M. By adding the MG dye, good mode locking is achieved in a rather wide pumping-power range. A computer simulation of pulse growth has also been carried out by using simple rate equations, in which the fast-recovery component of loss due to the MG dye is taken into account. The simulated results can explain some experimental results qualitatively such as pulse width compression and pumping-power restriction. The pulse width compression results essentially from the fast recovery of cavity loss caused by the MG dye.

  13. All-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped NOLM-based oscillator operating at 2-μm in both soliton and noisy-pulse regimes.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Zhang, Zuxing; Sun, Zhongyuan; Luo, Hongyu; Liu, Yong; Yan, Zhijun; Mou, Chengbo; Zhang, Lin; Turitsyn, Sergei K

    2014-04-07

    A self-starting all-fiber passively mode-locked Tm(3+)-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear loop mirror (NOLM) is demonstrated. Stable soliton pulses centered at 2017.33 nm with 1.56 nm FWHM were produced at a repetition rate of 1.514 MHz with pulse duration of 2.8 ps and pulse energy of 83.8 pJ. As increased pump power, the oscillator can also operate at noise-like (NL) regime. Stable NL pulses with coherence spike width of 341 fs and pulse energy of up to 249.32 nJ was achieved at a center wavelength of 2017.24 nm with 21.33 nm FWHM. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 2 µm region NOLM-based mode-locked fiber laser operating at two regimes with the highest single pulse energy for NL pulses.

  14. Noise-like femtosecond pulse in passively mode-locked Tm-doped NALM-based oscillator with small net anomalous dispersion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Shuo; Yan, Feng-Ping; Zhang, Lu-Na; Han, Wen-Guo; Bai, Zhuo-Ya; Zhou, Hong

    2016-01-01

    A passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM) is presented. By adjusting the polarization controllers, stable noise-like (NL) mode-locked femtosecond pulse operation is obtained at the 2 μm band. In the experimental period of 200 min, the output power fluctuation is less than 0.06 dB and the 3 dB spectral bandwidth variation is less than 0.02 nm, indicating that the pulsed TDFL possesses good long-term stability. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 2 μm band NALM-based TDFL with small net anomalous dispersion for a NL femtosecond pulse. At the maximum pump power of 3.52 W, the emitting laser has a NL pulse width of 460 fs, the repetition rate of 9.1 MHz, and the NL pulse energy of 32.72 nJ.

  15. Experimental demonstration of change of dynamical properties of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser subject to dual optical feedback by dual full delay-range tuning.

    PubMed

    Nikiforov, O; Jaurigue, L; Drzewietzki, L; Lüdge, K; Breuer, S

    2016-06-27

    In this contribution we experimentally demonstrate the change and improvement of dynamical properties of a passively mode-locked semiconductor laser subject to optical feedback from two external cavities by coupling the feedback pulses back into the gain segment. Hereby, we tune the full delay-phase of the pulse-to-pulse period of both external cavities separately and demonstrate the change of the repetition rate, timing jitter, multi-pulse formation and side-band suppression for the first time for such a dual feedback configuration. In addition, we thereby confirm modeling predictions by achieving both a good qualitative and quantitative agreement of experimental and simulated results. Our findings suggest a path towards the realization of side-band free all-optical photonic oscillators based on mode-locked lasers.

  16. Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Semaan, Georges; Ben Braham, Fatma; Salhi, Mohamed; Meng, Yichang; Bahloul, Faouzi; Sanchez, François

    2016-04-18

    We have experimentally demonstrated square pulses emission from a co-doped Er:Yb double-clad fiber laser operating in anomalous dispersion DSR regime using the nonlinear polarization evolution technique. Stable mode-locked pulses have a repetition rate of 373 kHz with 2.27 µJ energy per pulse under a pumping power of 30 W in cavity. With the increase of pump power, both the duration and the energy of the output square pulses broaden. The experimental results demonstrate that the passively mode-locked fiber laser operating in the anomalous regime can also realize a high-energy pulse, which is different from the conventional low-energy soliton pulse.

  17. Beta-barium borate and lithium triborate picosecond parametric oscillators pumped by a frequency-tripled passive negative-feedback mode-locked Nd:YAG laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agnesi, A.; Reali, G. C.; Kubecek, V.; Kumazaki, S.; Takagi, Y.; Yoshihara, K.

    1993-11-01

    This paper reports the operating performance of picosecond lithium triborate and barium borate optical parametric oscillators. Passively feedback controlled actively-passively mode-locked solid-state Nd:YAG laser generated triple amplified pulses of 355-nm radiation are pumped through the OPO. This simple and sturdy OPO is useful for high power conversion and wide tunability, and this study describes the spectral quality, spatial quality, pulse duration, energy, and the conversion efficiency of the OPO's. A theoretical model is developed and successfully predicts the experimental observations.

  18. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Synchronisation of a femtosecond laser and a Q-switched laser to within 50 ps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katin, E. V.; Lozhkarev, V. V.; Palashov, O. V.; Khazanov, E. A.

    2003-09-01

    A Nd:YLF laser emitting 2-ns pulses synchronised with a femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser is built. The pulse duration and synchronisation are ensured by two Pockels cells, in which voltage pulses are synchronised with the femtosecond laser by fast emitter-coupled logic elements. One of the Pockels cells ensures Q-switching, while the other cuts a short pulse from a 15-ns Q-switched pulse. The experimental results show that the two-step scheme proposed for synchronisation of a Q-switched laser and a passively mode-locked laser provides quite simple and reliable synchronisation of these lasers with a jitter of a few tens of picoseconds.

  19. Modeling and Direct Electric-Field Measurements of Passively Mode-Locked Quantum-Dot Lasers (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    increased, a coexisting attractor appears around g0 = 2.15, and this state may be de- scribed as a steady-state mode-locked solution where the laser has...reveals pulse asymmetry that is obscured in any autocorrelation measurement and hidden in the spectrogram of Fig. 7. In contrast to the intensity, the

  20. Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser.

    PubMed

    Zhi, Yuchun; Dong, Chunming; Zhang, Jian; Jia, Zhitai; Zhang, Baitao; Zhang, Yongzhuan; Wang, Shanpeng; He, Jingliang; Tao, Xutang

    2010-04-12

    Continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched operations of LD-end-pumped Nd:Gd(3)Al(x)Ga(5-x)O(12) (Nd:GAGG) laser at 1062 nm were reported. The highest CW output power of 5.7 W was obtained, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency and slope efficiency of 51.0% and 54.5%, respectively. The CW output efficiency of Nd:GAGG laser is comparable and even better than that of Nd:GGG. The passively Q-switched output was realized for the first time to our knowledge. In addition, a maximum output power of 1.12 W, a maximum pulse repetition rate of 39 kHz and a minimum pulse width of 6 ns were obtained by using Cr(4+):YAG as the saturable absorber.

  1. Passively Q-switched, intracavity frequency-doubled YVO{sub 4}/Nd : YVO{sub 4}/KTP green laser with a GaAs saturable absorber

    SciTech Connect

    Shang Gao

    2015-11-30

    A diode-pumped, passively Q-switched, intracavity frequency-doubled YVO{sub 4}/Nd : YVO{sub 4}/KTP green laser is realised using a GaAs saturable absorber. Two pieces of GaAs wafers are employed in the experiment. In using a 400-μm-thick GaAs wafer and an incident pump power of 10.5 W, the maximum output power of the passively Q-switched green laser is 362 mW at a pulse repetition rate of 84 kHz and a pulse duration of 2.5 ns. When use is made of a 700-mm-thick GaAs wafer, the minimum pulse duration is 1.5 ns at a repetition rate of 67 kHz, pulse energy of 4.18 μJ and peak power of 2.8 kW. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  2. Performance enhancement of sub-nanosecond diode-pumped passively Q-switched Yb:YAG microchip laser with diamond surface cooling.

    PubMed

    Zhuang, W Z; Chen, Yi-Fan; Su, K W; Huang, K F; Chen, Y F

    2012-09-24

    We experimentally confirm that diamond surface cooling can significantly enhance the output performance of a sub-nanosecond diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser. It is found that the pulse energy obtained with diamond cooling is approximately 1.5 times greater than that obtained without diamond cooling, where a Cr(4+):YAG absorber with the initial transmission of 84% is employed. Furthermore, the standard deviation of the pulse amplitude peak-to-peak fluctuation is found to be approximately 3 times lower than that measured without diamond cooling. Under a pump power of 3.9 W, the passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser can generate a pulse train of 3.3 kHz repetition rate with a pulse energy of 287 μJ and with a pulse width of 650 ps.

  3. Nd:GYSGG laser at 1331.6 nm passively Q-switched by a Co:MgAl2O4 crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Hong-Yi; Sun, Dong; Copner, Nigel; Zhu, Wen-Zhang

    2017-07-01

    The CW and passively Q-switched operation of a Nd:GYSGG laser is demonstrated. In the CW operation, triple-wavelength lines at 1323.9, 1331.6 and 1336.8 nm are generated simultaneously. The maximum CW output power is 1133 mW under a pump power of 7.85 W. In the passively Q-switched operation, a Co:MgAl2O4 crystal with initial transmission of 82% is employed, only single-wavelength line at 1331.6 nm is realized. The narrowest pulse width of 20.5 ns is achieved with an output power of 225 mW under the same pump power. The highest peak power and pulse energy are 1319 W and 27.2 μJ under a pump power of 7.20 W, respectively.

  4. Evaluation of a commercially available passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with LiF: F2- saturable absorber for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carson, Cantwell G.; Goueguel, Christian L.; Sanghapi, Hervé; Jain, Jinesh; McIntyre, Dustin

    2016-05-01

    Interest in passively Q-switched microchip lasers as a means for miniaturization of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) apparatus has rapidly grown in the last years. To explore the possibility of using a comparatively UV-vis transparent absorber, we herein present the first report on the evaluation of a commercially available flash lamp-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with LiF: F2- saturable absorber as an excitation source in LIBS. Quantitative measurements of barium, strontium, rubidium and lithium in granite, rhyolite, basalt and syenite whole-rock glass samples were performed. Using a gated intensified benchtop spectrometer, limits of detection of 0.97, 23, 37, and 144 ppm were obtained for Li, Sr, Rb, and Ba, respectively. Finally, we discuss the advantages of using such a laser unit for LIBS applications in terms of ablation efficiency, analytical performances, output energy, and standoff capabilities.

  5. High-beam-quality, efficient operation of passively Q-switched Yb:YAG/Cr:YAG laser pumped by photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Xiaoyang; Tokita, Shigeki; Fujioka, Kana; Nishida, Hiro; Hirose, Kazuyoshi; Sugiyama, Takahiro; Watanabe, Akiyoshi; Ishizaki, Kenji; Noda, Susumu; Miyanaga, Noriaki; Kawanaka, Junji

    2017-07-01

    A passively Q-switched Yb:YAG/Cr:YAG laser pumped by a photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser (PCSEL) was developed. Yb:YAG crystal was cryogenically cooled by liquid nitrogen at 77 K. Excellent Gaussian beam profile ( M 2 = 1.02) and high slope efficiency of 58% were demonstrated without using a coupling optics between a laser material and PCSEL.

  6. High-power passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 oscillator with adjustable pulse duration between 46 ps and 12 ps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nadeau, Marie-Christine; Petit, Stéphane; Balcou, Philippe; Czarny, Romain; Montant, Sébastien; Simon-Boisson, Christophe

    2010-05-01

    We report on a high-power, passively mode-locked, TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator with adjustable pulse duration between 46 and 12ps. The laser is end-pumped by an 888nm laser diode and mode-locking is achieved with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). The laser has a repetition rate of 91MHz and the M2 beam quality factor is better than 1.2 at 15ps. At the optimum output coupler, it provides a maximum average output power of 45W with 32ps pulse duration. In literature, the presence of spatial hole burning (SHB) often helps to shorten the pulse length down to few picoseconds. However, SHB might be an issue for some specific application requiring e.g. low noise picosecond oscillators. In this contribution, we demonstrate that it is possible to shorten the pulse duration by lowering the intracavity losses without SHB. Pulse tunability from 46 to 12ps is achieved by changing the output coupler of the cavity while staying in the continuous-wave mode-locked regime. Pulse duration is almost linear with the output coupler transmission and increases from 12 to 32ps with average output power ranging from 15 to 45W. In this range of output power, we demonstrate the shortest pulses directly from a Nd:YVO4 oscillator.

  7. All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes.

    PubMed

    Wang, Q; Chen, T; Zhang, B; Heberle, A P; Chen, K P

    2011-10-01

    This Letter presents an all-fiber mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator based on nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE). Pumped by an erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission source, the construction of the laser cavity consisting of only fiber optic components can operate under two different regimes of solitary and noiselike (NL) pulses. Autocorrelation measurements are performed to extract features of these two regimes.

  8. Passive Q-switching of a Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser by a Cr:ZnS saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Serres, J M; Loiko, P; Mateos, X; Jambunathan, V; Yasukevich, A S; Yumashev, K V; Petrov, V; Griebner, U; Aguiló, M; Díaz, F

    2016-05-10

    A diode-pumped Tm,Ho:KLu(WO4)2 microchip laser passively Q-switched with a Cr:ZnS saturable absorber generated an average output power of 131 mW at 2063.6 nm with a slope efficiency of 11% and a Q-switching conversion efficiency of 58%. The pulse characteristics were 14  ns/9  μJ at a pulse repetition frequency of 14.5 kHz. With higher modulation depth of the saturable absorber, 9  ns/10.4  μJ/8.2  kHz pulses were generated at 2061.1 nm, corresponding to a record peak power extracted from a passively Q-switched Tm,Ho laser of 1.15 kW. A theoretical model is presented, predicting the pulse energy and duration. The simulations are in good agreement with the experimental results.

  9. Tunable Fe(2+):ZnSe passively Q-switched Ho(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser around 3 μm.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Luo, Hongyu; Wang, Lele; Zhai, Bo; Li, Heping; Liu, Yong

    2015-08-24

    We report a tunable passively Q-switched Ho(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 3 μm waveband using a Fe(2+):ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber (SA) and a plane ruled grating in Littrow configuration as wavelength tuning element. Stable pulse trains with ~85 nm tuning range from 2919.1 nm to 3004.2 nm and spectrum bandwidths of ~1 nm were achieved for the Fe(2+):ZnSe crystal with an initial transmission (IT) of 69%. Pulse duration increased from 1.23 μs to 2.35 μs and repetition rate decreased from 96.1 kHz to 43.56 kHz with the extension towards long wavelength direction. With the IT increasing to 79% and then 89%, though the available tuning range was slightly shortened, higher output power, pulse energy and slope efficiency were obtained with the slightly increased pulse duration and repetition rate. Maximum output power of 337 mW at a slope efficiency of 11.44% and pulse energy of 5.64 μJ were achieved at ~2970 nm and ~2991 nm, respectively. High signal noise ratio (SNR) of over 50 dB across the whole tuning range for the three ITs Fe(2+):ZnSe crystals indicated the stable Q-switching. To our knowledge, this is the first reported wavelength tunable passively Q-switched ZBLAN fiber laser.

  10. All-fiber multi-wavelength passive Q-switched Er/Yb fiber laser based on a Tm-doped fiber saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Posada-Ramírez, B.; Durán-Sánchez, M.; Álvarez-Tamayo, R. I.; Alaniz-Baylón, J.; Ibarra-Escamilla, B.; López-Estopier, R.; Kuzin, E. A.

    2017-03-01

    We report on a ring cavity, multi-wavelength, passive Q-switched erbium–ytterbium double cladding fiber laser based on the use of an unpumped segment of Tm-doped fiber acting as a saturable absorber for passive Q-switched pulse generation and a wavelength filter for multi-wavelength laser generation. By performing pump power variations from 1.6 to 9.8 W, stable Q-switched laser pulses are observed in a repetition rate from 135.8 to 27.5 kHz at room temperature. With a maximal repetition rate of 135.8 kHz, the minimum pulse duration of 430 ns is obtained. The maximal average output power of 2.2 W is reached with a pump power of 9.8 W. The maximum pulse energy was 16.4 µJ and the average output power slope efficiency is ~24.8%. The obtained results demonstrate a laser performance with extended range of high repetition rate and improved stability.

  11. PVP-Assisted Solvothermal Synthesis of High-Yielded Bi2Te3 Hexagonal Nanoplates: Application in Passively Q-Switched Fiber Laser.

    PubMed

    He, Xin; Zhang, Hang; Lin, Wei; Wei, Rongfei; Qiu, Jianrong; Zhang, Mei; Hu, Bin

    2015-10-29

    High-yielded Bi2Te3 hexagonal nanoplates were fabricated via a facile solvothermal method with the assistance of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). Effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on the morphology and size distribution of the products were illustrated in this study. Molecular weight of PVP is significant for determining the morphology of Bi2Te3. The hexagonal nanoplates with high yield were obtained in the presence of PVP with molecular weight of 40000-45000. The average size and size distribution of Bi2Te3 nanoplates can be slightly varied by controlling concentration of PVP. High-yielded Bi2Te3 nanoplates exhibit characteristics of saturable absorption, identified by open-aperture Z-scan technique. The synthesized Bi2Te3 nanoplates with large saturation intensity of 4.6 GW/cm(2) and high modulation depth of 45.95% generated a stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulse at 1.5 μm. In comparison with recently reported Q-switched fiber lasers utilizing exfoliated Bi2Te3 nanosheets, our passive Q-switching operations could be conducted at a relatively low threshold power of 30.2 mW or a quite high output power of 99.45 mW by tuning the cavity parameters.

  12. Enhanced nonlinear optical response of Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets for passively Q-switched fiber laser application.

    PubMed

    Wei, Rongfei; Qiao, Tian; Tian, Xiangling; Zhang, Hang; He, Xin; Hu, Zhongliang; Chen, Qiuqun; Qiu, Jianrong

    2017-04-06

    Enhanced nonlinear optical (NLO) performance was observed in Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets synthesized through a facile annealing process. Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets with large saturable intensity and high modulation depth generated stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulses at 1559 nm. In comparison with the Q-switched fiber laser utilizing the pristine MoS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber, Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets-based passively Q-switching operation could be conducted at a lower threshold power of 50 mW, wider range of repetition rate from 28.97 to 130 kHz and higher SNR of 56 dB. More importantly, the shortest pulse duration of 1.502 μs was realized; the output power and pulse energy reached to 17.2 mW and 133.07 nJ, respectively. These results indicate that tailoring the chemical composition of optical nanomaterials by introducing dopant is a feasible method to improve the NLO response and realize excellently ultrafast pulse generation.

  13. Enhanced nonlinear optical response of Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets for passively Q-switched fiber laser application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Rongfei; Qiao, Tian; Tian, Xiangling; Zhang, Hang; He, Xin; Hu, Zhongliang; Chen, Qiuqun; Qiu, Jianrong

    2017-05-01

    An enhanced nonlinear optical (NLO) performance was observed in Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets synthesized through a facile annealing process. Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets with a large saturable intensity and high modulation depth generated stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulses at 1559 nm. In comparison with the Q-switched fiber laser utilizing the pristine MoS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber, the passive Q-switching operation based on Se-doped MoS2 nanosheets could be conducted at a lower threshold power of 50 mW, a wider range of repetition rates from 28.97 to 130 kHz, and a higher SNR of 56 dB. More importantly, the shortest pulse duration of 1.502 μs was realized and the output power and pulse energy reached 17.2 mW and 133.07 nJ, respectively. These results indicate that tailoring the chemical composition of optical nanomaterials by introducing a dopant is a feasible method of improving the NLO response of the MoS2 nanosheets and realizing excellent ultrafast pulse generation.

  14. PVP-Assisted Solvothermal Synthesis of High-Yielded Bi2Te3 Hexagonal Nanoplates: Application in Passively Q-Switched Fiber Laser

    PubMed Central

    He, Xin; Zhang, Hang; Lin, Wei; Wei, Rongfei; Qiu, Jianrong; Zhang, Mei; Hu, Bin

    2015-01-01

    High-yielded Bi2Te3 hexagonal nanoplates were fabricated via a facile solvothermal method with the assistance of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). Effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on the morphology and size distribution of the products were illustrated in this study. Molecular weight of PVP is significant for determining the morphology of Bi2Te3. The hexagonal nanoplates with high yield were obtained in the presence of PVP with molecular weight of 40000–45000. The average size and size distribution of Bi2Te3 nanoplates can be slightly varied by controlling concentration of PVP. High-yielded Bi2Te3 nanoplates exhibit characteristics of saturable absorption, identified by open-aperture Z-scan technique. The synthesized Bi2Te3 nanoplates with large saturation intensity of 4.6 GW/cm2 and high modulation depth of 45.95% generated a stable passively Q-switched fiber laser pulse at 1.5 μm. In comparison with recently reported Q-switched fiber lasers utilizing exfoliated Bi2Te3 nanosheets, our passive Q-switching operations could be conducted at a relatively low threshold power of 30.2 mW or a quite high output power of 99.45 mW by tuning the cavity parameters. PMID:26511763

  15. 808-nm diode-pumped dual-wavelength passively Q-switched Nd:LuLiF4 laser with Bi-doped GaAs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, S. X.; Li, T.; Li, D. C.; Zhao, S. Z.; Li, G. Q.; Hang, Y.; Zhang, P. X.; Li, X. Y.; Qiao, H.

    2015-09-01

    Diode-pumped CW and passively Q-switched Nd:LuLiF4 lasers with stable, synchronous dual-wavelength operations near 1047 and 1053 nm were demonstrated for the first time. The maximal CW output power of 821 mW was obtained at an incident pump power of 6.52 W. Employing high quality Bi-doped GaAs as saturable absorber, stable dual-wavelength Q-switched operation was realized. Under 6.52 W incident pump power, the minimal pulse duration of 1.5 ns, the largest single pulse energy of 11.32 μJ, and the highest peak power of 7.25 kW were achieved.

  16. Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission.

    PubMed

    Yan, Ke; Lin, Jian; Zhou, Yong; Gu, Chun; Xu, Lixin; Wang, Anting; Yao, Peijun; Zhan, Qiwen

    2016-04-10

    We report a passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output modes using a few-mode fiber Bragg grating as a polarization-selective output coupler and Bi2Te3 as the saturable absorber. Both radially and azimuthally polarized beams can be readily generated, and the output polarization can be switchable by tuning the polarization controllers inside the laser cavity. The repetition rate of the Q-switched laser can be tuned from 31.54 to 49.40 kHz when the pump power increases from 103.5 to 139.5 mW. The fiber laser operates at a single wavelength of 1557.5 nm with a 3 dB linewidth of <0.04  nm.

  17. All-fiber passively Q-switched 604  nm praseodymium laser with a Bi2Se3 saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Lin, Hui-Yu; Li, Wen-Song; Lan, Jing-Long; Guan, Xiao-Feng; Xu, Hui-Ying; Cai, Zhi-Ping

    2017-02-01

    We experimentally demonstrated a simple passively Q-switched praseodymium (Pr3+)-doped all-fiber laser at 604 nm with a Bi2Se3 saturable absorber (SA). A Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol composite film is sandwiched between two ferrules to construct a fiber-compatible Q-switcher. Two fiber end facet mirrors build a compact-linear resonator. The repetition rate of the achieved 604 nm Q-switching pulse can be widely tuned from 86.2 to 187.4 kHz, and the pulse duration can be as narrow as 494 ns. To the best of our knowledge, this is the shortest operation wavelength of a Bi2Se3-based pulsed all-fiber laser at 604 nm.

  18. Enhancement of passively Q-switched performance at 1.34 μm with a class of Nd:GdxY(1-)xVO(4) crystals.

    PubMed

    Li, Xin; Li, Guiqiu; Zhao, Shengzhi; Xu, Chao; Li, Yufei; Liu, Hong; Zhang, Huaijin

    2010-10-11

    Passively Q-switched operation at 1.34 μm in which V:YAG was employed as saturable absorber has been demonstrated with a series of mixed Nd:GdxY(1-)xVO(4) crystals. The Q-switched laser pulse performance with these Nd-doped mixed vanadate crystals, especially Nd:Gd(0.63)Y(0.37)VO(4), was enhanced in respect to Nd:GdVO(4) under the identical conditions. The average output power of 171.3 mW with the shortest pulse width of 44.4 ns, largest single pulse energy of 21.7 μJ, and highest peak power of 489 W at the incident pump power of 5.04 W were obtained with Nd:Gd(0.63)Y(0.37)VO(4) crystal.

  19. Nickel oxide nanoparticles as a saturable absorber for an all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nady, A.; Ahmed, M. H. M.; Latiff, A. A.; Numan, A.; Ooi, C. H. Raymond; Harun, S. W.

    2017-06-01

    Nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles were synthesized by a facile sonochemical method to fabricate saturable absorber (SA) composite film with a modulation depth of 39% and saturation intensity of 0.025 MW cm-2. By inserting the NiO SA into a laser cavity, a stable Q-switched operation is achieved at 1561.2 nm. The laser has a pump threshold of 25 mW, a pulse repetition rate tunable from 19.57 to 52.18 kHz, a high signal-to-noise ratio of 55 dB and a minimum pulse duration of 5.2 µs. Such results imply that NiO nanoparticles are a comparable candidate for an SA in passively Q-switched fiber lasers at a low pump intensity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a fiber laser based on NiO SA.

  20. Laser based analysis using a passively Q-switched laser employing analysis electronics and a means for detecting atomic optical emission of the laser media

    DOEpatents

    Woodruff, Steven D.; Mcintyre, Dustin L.

    2016-03-29

    A device for Laser based Analysis using a Passively Q-Switched Laser comprising an optical pumping source optically connected to a laser media. The laser media and a Q-switch are positioned between and optically connected to a high reflectivity mirror (HR) and an output coupler (OC) along an optical axis. The output coupler (OC) is optically connected to the output lens along the optical axis. A means for detecting atomic optical emission comprises a filter and a light detector. The optical filter is optically connected to the laser media and the optical detector. A control system is connected to the optical detector and the analysis electronics. The analysis electronics are optically connected to the output lens. The detection of the large scale laser output production triggers the control system to initiate the precise timing and data collection from the detector and analysis.

  1. 2.78 μm passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser based on PLD-Fe2+:ZnSe film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Tao; Feng, Guoying; Zhang, Hong; Yang, Xianheng; Dai, Shenyu; Zhou, Shouhuan

    2016-07-01

    Based on the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method, we first fabricated a mid-infrared Fe2+:ZnSe film saturable absorber (SA). By employing the PLD Fe2+:ZnSe film SA, we have demonstrated a passively Q-switched double-clad Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser operating at a wavelength of 2.78 μm. Stable Q-switched pulses with pulse energy of 7.98 μJ and pulse duration of 0.742 μs, corresponding to a peak power of 10.76 W, were obtained at a repetition rate of 102.94 kHz. The maximum average output power is 822 mW. Our results demostrate that the PLD-Fe2+:ZnSe film SA is promising for high power pulse generation in compact mid-infrared fiber lasers.

  2. Semiconductor optical amplifier-based heterodyning detection for resolving optical terahertz beat-tone signals from passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Latkowski, Sylwester; Maldonado-Basilio, Ramon; Carney, Kevin; Parra-Cetina, Josue; Philippe, Severine; Landais, Pascal

    2010-08-23

    An all-optical heterodyne approach based on a room-temperature controlled semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) for measuring the frequency and linewidth of the terahertz beat-tone signal from a passively mode-locked laser is proposed. Under the injection of two external cavity lasers, the SOA acts as a local oscillator at their detuning frequency and also as an optical frequency mixer whose inputs are the self-modulated spectrum of the device under test and the two laser beams. Frequency and linewidth of the intermediate frequency signal (and therefore, the beat-tone signal) are resolved by using a photodiode and an electrical spectrum analyzer.

  3. Passively mode-locked pulse generation in a c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1086 nm with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Ja-Hon; Yang, Pao-Keng; Lin, Wei-Cheng

    2012-04-01

    We demonstrate a diode-pumped passively mode-locked (ML) c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser with central wavelength at 1086 nm by shifting the reflectance band of the SESAM into a longer wavelength to result in larger loss around 1068 nm. At 15 W absorbed pump power, the highest output power of the ML pulse was about 2.6 W that corresponded to the 17.3% optical-to-optical conversion efficiency and the slope efficiency of laser was about 22.9%. Using our ML laser as the light source, we have also successfully measured the saturation fluence of the SESAM at 1086 nm.

  4. Picosecond pulses of variable duration from a high-power passively mode-locked Nd:YVO(4) laser free of spatial hole burning.

    PubMed

    Nadeau, Marie-Christine; Petit, Stéphane; Balcou, Philippe; Czarny, Romain; Montant, Sébastien; Simon-Boisson, Christophe

    2010-05-15

    We report on a high-power passively mode-locked TEM(00)Nd:YVO(4) oscillator, 888 nm diode-pumped, with pulse durations adjustable between 46 ps and 12 ps. The duration tunability was obtained by varying the output coupler (OC) transmission while avoiding resorting to spatial hole burning (SHB) for pulse shortening. At a repetition rate of 91 MHz and for an output power ranging from 15 Wto45 W, we produced SHB-free 12-ps-to32-ps-long pulses. Within this range of power, these are the shortest pulse durations obtained directly from Nd:YVO(4) oscillators.

  5. Efficiency of non-linear frequency conversion of double-scale pico-femtosecond pulses of passively mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Smirnov, Sergey V; Kobtsev, Sergey M; Kukarin, Sergey V

    2014-01-13

    For the first time we report the results of both numerical simulation and experimental observation of second-harmonic generation as an example of non-linear frequency conversion of pulses generated by passively mode-locked fiber master oscillator in different regimes including conventional (stable) and double-scale (partially coherent and noise-like) ones. We show that non-linear frequency conversion efficiency of double-scale pulses is slightly higher than that of conventional picosecond laser pulses with the same energy and duration despite strong phase fluctuations of double-scale pulses.

  6. High-power 880-nm diode-directly-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YVO₄ laser at 1342 nm with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

    PubMed

    Li, Fang-Qin; Liu, Ke; Han, Lin; Zong, Nan; Bo, Yong; Zhang, Jing-Yuan; Peng, Qin-Jun; Cui, Da-Fu; Xu, Zu-Yan

    2011-04-15

    A high-power 880-nm diode-directly-pumped passively mode-locked 1342 nm Nd:YVO₄ laser was demonstrated with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). The laser mode radii in the laser crystal and on the SESAM were optimized carefully using the ABCD matrix formalism. An average output power of 2.3 W was obtained with a repetition rate of 76 MHz and a pulse width of 29.2 ps under an absorbed pump power of 12.1 W, corresponding to an optical-optical efficiency of 19.0% and a slope efficiency of 23.9%, respectively.

  7. Widely-tunable, passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yizhong; Luo, Zhengqian; Li, Yingyue; Zhong, Min; Xu, Bin; Che, Kaijun; Xu, Huiying; Cai, Zhiping; Peng, Jian; Weng, Jian

    2014-10-20

    We propose and demonstrate a MoS2-based passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser with a wide tuning range of 1519.6-1567.7 nm. The few-layer MoS2 nano-platelets are prepared by the liquid-phase exfoliation method, and are then made into polymer-composite film to construct the fiber-compatible MoS2 saturable absorber (SA). It is measured at 1560 nm wavelength, that such MoS2 SA has the modulation depth of ∼ 2% and the saturable optical intensity of ∼ 10 MW/cm(2). By further inserting the filmy MoS2-SA into an Er-doped fiber laser, stable Q-switching operation with a 48.1 nm continuous tuning from S- to C-waveband is successfully achieved. The shortest pulse duration and the maximum pulse energy are 3.3 μs and 160 nJ, respectively. The repetition rate and the pulse duration under different operation conditions have been also characterized. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first demonstration of MoS2 Q-switched, widely-tunable fiber laser.

  8. Silver nanoparticle-film based saturable absorber for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) in ring cavity configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, H.; Ruslan, N. E.; Ismail, M. A.; Ali, Z. A.; Reduan, S. A.; Lee, C. S. J.; Harun, S. W.

    2016-09-01

    We report a passive Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on silver (Ag) nanoparticle thin-film saturable absorber (SA). The thin film was sandwiched between two fiber ferrules, which offer flexibility and easy integration into the ring cavity. Self-started and stable Q-switching is achieved at a central wavelength of 1558.7 nm within the C-band region. The repetition rate and pulse duration shows a typical Q-switched laser profile as we increase the pump power; the repetition rate increases from 19.471-74.074 kHz while pulse duration decreases from 8.88-3.2 µs. A signal-to-noise ratio value of 35 dB was obtained at 100 mW pump power. By using a balanced twin-detector method, the modulation depth and saturation intensity of the Ag nanoparticle thin film were measured to be 31.6% and 0.54 MW cm-2 respectively. This result offers another alternative to the existing SA materials.

  9. Applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes and type-II quantum dots in photovoltaics and passive mode-locking saturable absorbers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Jau; Wang, Yong-Gang; Cheng, Shin-Min; Yu, Pyng; Huang, Kuo-Yen; Yuan, Chi-Tsu

    2012-10-01

    Using single-molecule confocal imaging techniques combined with time-correlated single-photon counting we investigated the electron transfer (ET) rates to the single-walled carbon nanotubes from various types of semiconductor hetero-nanocrystals of type-I or type-II band alignment. We observed significantly larger ET rate for type-II ZnSe/CdS dot-in-rod nanostructures as compared to type-I spherical CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum-dots, and to CdSe/CdS dot-in-rod structures. We demonstrated that such rapid ET dynamics can compete with both Auger and radiative recombination processes, leading to potentially more effective photovoltaic operation. In another work, we used aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes as saturable absorbers for ps laser pulse generation. Using the vertical evaporation technique we fabricated saturable absorbers by transferring the water-soluble single wall carbon nanotubes onto a hydrophilic quartz substrate. The fast recovery times of the absorber were measured to be 136 fs and 790 fs. The modulation depth of the absorber was about 1.5%. Passive mode-locked Nd: GdVO4 laser using such an absorber was demonstrated. The continuous wave mode-locked pulses with the pulse duration of 12.4 ps and the repetition of 120 MHz were achieved. The maximum average output power of the mode-locked laser is 2.4 W at the pump power of 13 W. Such a kind of absorbers has potential to be put into practical use.

  10. Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Dong; She, Xiaoyang; Du, Bobo; Yang, Dexing; Zhang, Wending; Song, Kun; Cui, Xiaoqi; Jiang, Biqiang; Peng, Tao; Zhao, Jianlin

    2016-03-01

    Few-layer transition-metal dichalcogenide WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets are fabricated by a liquid exfoliation technique using sodium deoxycholate bile salt as surfactant, and their nonlinear optical properties are investigated based on a balanced twin-detector measurement scheme. It is demonstrated that both types of nanosheets exhibit nonlinear saturable absorption properties at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. By depositing the nanosheets on side polished fiber (SPF) or mixing the nanosheets with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution, SPF-WSe2 saturable absorber (SA), SPF-MoSe2 SA, PVA-WSe2 SA, and PVA-MoSe2 SA are successfully fabricated and further tested in erbium-doped fiber lasers. The SPF-based SA is capable of operating at the high pump regime without damage, and a train of 3252.65 MHz harmonically mode-locked pulses are obtained based on the SPF-WSe2 SA. Soliton mode locking operations are also achieved in the fiber laser separately with other three types of SAs, confirming that the WSe2 and MoSe2 nanosheets could act as cost-effective high-power SAs for ultrafast optics.

  11. Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets.

    PubMed

    Mao, Dong; She, Xiaoyang; Du, Bobo; Yang, Dexing; Zhang, Wending; Song, Kun; Cui, Xiaoqi; Jiang, Biqiang; Peng, Tao; Zhao, Jianlin

    2016-03-24

    Few-layer transition-metal dichalcogenide WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets are fabricated by a liquid exfoliation technique using sodium deoxycholate bile salt as surfactant, and their nonlinear optical properties are investigated based on a balanced twin-detector measurement scheme. It is demonstrated that both types of nanosheets exhibit nonlinear saturable absorption properties at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. By depositing the nanosheets on side polished fiber (SPF) or mixing the nanosheets with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution, SPF-WSe2 saturable absorber (SA), SPF-MoSe2 SA, PVA-WSe2 SA, and PVA-MoSe2 SA are successfully fabricated and further tested in erbium-doped fiber lasers. The SPF-based SA is capable of operating at the high pump regime without damage, and a train of 3252.65 MHz harmonically mode-locked pulses are obtained based on the SPF-WSe2 SA. Soliton mode locking operations are also achieved in the fiber laser separately with other three types of SAs, confirming that the WSe2 and MoSe2 nanosheets could act as cost-effective high-power SAs for ultrafast optics.

  12. Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets

    PubMed Central

    Mao, Dong; She, Xiaoyang; Du, Bobo; Yang, Dexing; Zhang, Wending; Song, Kun; Cui, Xiaoqi; Jiang, Biqiang; Peng, Tao; Zhao, Jianlin

    2016-01-01

    Few-layer transition-metal dichalcogenide WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets are fabricated by a liquid exfoliation technique using sodium deoxycholate bile salt as surfactant, and their nonlinear optical properties are investigated based on a balanced twin-detector measurement scheme. It is demonstrated that both types of nanosheets exhibit nonlinear saturable absorption properties at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. By depositing the nanosheets on side polished fiber (SPF) or mixing the nanosheets with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution, SPF-WSe2 saturable absorber (SA), SPF-MoSe2 SA, PVA-WSe2 SA, and PVA-MoSe2 SA are successfully fabricated and further tested in erbium-doped fiber lasers. The SPF-based SA is capable of operating at the high pump regime without damage, and a train of 3252.65 MHz harmonically mode-locked pulses are obtained based on the SPF-WSe2 SA. Soliton mode locking operations are also achieved in the fiber laser separately with other three types of SAs, confirming that the WSe2 and MoSe2 nanosheets could act as cost-effective high-power SAs for ultrafast optics. PMID:27010509

  13. A passively mode-locked fiber laser at 1.54 mum with a fundamental repetition frequency reaching 2 GHz.

    PubMed

    McFerran, J J; Nenadovic, L; Swann, W C; Schlager, J B; Newbury, N R

    2007-10-01

    We demonstrate a fundamentally mode-locked fiber laser with a repetition frequency in excess of 2 GHz at a central wavelength of 1.535 mum. Co-doped ytterbium-erbium fiber provides the gain medium for the laser, affording high gain per unit length, while a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SAM) provides the pulse shaping mechanism in a standing wave cavity. Results are shown confirming cw mode-locking for 1 GHz and 2 GHz repetition frequency systems. The response of the frequency comb output to pump power variations is shown to follow a single pole response. The timing jitter of a 540MHz repetition-rate laser has been suppressed to below 100 fs through phase-lead compensated feedback to the pump power. Alternatively, a single comb line of a 850MHz repetition-rate laser has been phase-locked to a narrow linewidth cw laser with an in-loop phase jitter of 0.06 rad(2). The laser design is compatible with low-noise oscillator applications.

  14. Optical frequency comb generator based on a monolithically integrated passive mode-locked ring laser with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

    PubMed

    Corral, V; Guzmán, R; Gordón, C; Leijtens, X J M; Carpintero, G

    2016-05-01

    We report the demonstration of an optical-frequency comb generator based on a monolithically integrated ring laser fabricated in a multiproject wafer run in an active/passive integration process in a generic foundry using standardized building blocks. The device is based on a passive mode-locked ring laser architecture, which includes a Mach-Zehnder interferometer to flatten the spectral shape of the comb output. This structure allows monolithic integration with other optical components, such as optical filters for wavelength selection, or dual wavelength lasers for their stabilization. The results show a -10  dB span of the optical comb of 8.7 nm (1.08 THz), with comb spacing of 10.16 GHz. We also obtain a flatness of 44 lines within a 1.8 dB power variation.

  15. Lean-Burn Stationary Natural Gas Reciprocating Engine Operation with a Prototype Miniature Diode Side Pumped Passively Q-switched Laser Spark Plug

    SciTech Connect

    McIntyre, D.L.; Woodruff, S.D.; McMillian, M.H.; Richardson, S.W.; Gautam, Mridul

    2008-04-01

    To meet the ignition system needs of large bore lean burn stationary natural gas engines a laser diode side pumped passively Q-switched laser igniter was developed and used to ignite lean mixtures in a single cylinder research engine. The laser design was produced from previous work. The in-cylinder conditions and exhaust emissions produced by the miniaturized laser were compared to that produced by a laboratory scale commercial laser system used in prior engine testing. The miniaturized laser design as well as the combustion and emissions data for both laser systems was compared and discussed. It was determined that the two laser systems produced virtually identical combustion and emissions data.

  16. High-peak-power, short-pulse-width, LD end-pumped, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG 946 nm laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Renpeng; Yu, Xin; Ma, Yufei; Li, Xudong; Chen, Deying; Yu, Junhua

    2012-10-01

    High-peak-power, short-pulse-width diode pumped 946 nm Nd:YAG laser in passively Q-switching operation with Cr4+:YAG is reported. The highest average output power reaches 3.4 W using the Cr4+:YAG with initial transmissivity T0=95%. When the T0=90% Cr4+:YAG is employed, the maximum peak power of 31.4 kW with a pulse width of 8.3 ns at 946 nm is generated.

  17. Diode-pumped passively dual-wavelength Q-switched Nd:GYSGG laser using graphene oxide as the saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Song, Qi; Wang, Guoju; Zhang, Bingyuan; Wang, Wenjun; Wang, Minghong; Zhang, Qingli; Sun, Guihua; Bo, Yong; Peng, Qinjun

    2015-04-01

    The performance of a diode end-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:GYSGG laser operating at 1057.28 and 1060.65 nm with graphene oxide as the saturable absorber was demonstrated. The maximum dual-wavelength average output power of 521 mW was achieved under the absorbed pump power of 5.4 W, corresponding to the optical-to-optical conversion and slope efficiency of 9.8% and 21%, respectively. The minimum pulse width was 115 ns with a pulse repetition rate of 338 kHz.

  18. Diode-pumped Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 946 nm passively Q-switched with a Cr 4+:YAG saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Ping; Zhang, Huanian; Chen, Xiaohan; Wang, Qingpu

    2012-04-01

    We demonstrate a diode-pumped Nd:YAG ceramic laser with emission at 946 nm that is passively Q-switched by single-crystal Cr 4+:YAG saturable absorber. An average output power of 1.7 W is measured under 18.4 W of incident power using an output mirror with transmission T=4%. The corresponding optical-to-optical efficiency is 9.2%. The laser runs at a pulse repetition rate of 120 kHz and delivers pulses with energy of 14 μJ and duration of 80 ns, which corresponds to a peak power of 175 W.

  19. Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser with a gold nanotriangles saturable absorber at 1 µm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Jinxi; Li, Ping; Chen, Xiaohan; Guo, Lei; Wang, Lili; Liu, Binghai

    2017-08-01

    Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic lasers at 1064 and 1123 nm are demonstrated based on a gold nanotriangles saturable absorber (GNTs-SA) for the first time. The maximum average output power reaches 226 mW at 1064 nm and 172 mW at 1123 nm with corresponding shortest pulse widths and maximum pulse repetition rates of (179 ns, 320 kHz) and (231 ns, 457 kHz), respectively. Our results prove that the GNTs-SA is a promising saturable absorber around the 1-µm region.

  20. Passive Q-switching with GaAs or Bi-doped GaAs saturable absorber in Tm:LuAG laser operating at 2μm wavelength.

    PubMed

    Wu, Lin; Li, Dechun; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Li, Xiangyang; Wang, Reng; Liu, Ji

    2015-06-15

    We report the first demonstration of a diode pumped passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG laser near 2μm wavelength with Bi-doped or undoped GaAs wafer as saturable absorber. For Bi-doped GaAs saturable absorber, stable Q-switched pulses with duration of 63.3ns under a repetition rate of 132.7 kHz and pulse energy of 5.51μJ are generated. In comparison to the passively Q-switched laser with undoped GaAs saturable absorber, the laser with Bi-doped GaAs can produce shorter pulses and higher peak power at almost the same incident pump power. The results suggest that Bi-doped GaAs can be an attractive candidate of saturable absorber for Q-switched laser near 2μm wavelength.

  1. Passively mode-locked InAs quantum dot lasers on a silicon substrate by Pd-GaAs wafer bonding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zihao; Fanto, Michael L.; Steidle, Jeffrey A.; Aboketaf, Abdelsalam A.; Rummage, Nathan A.; Thomas, Paul M.; Lee, Chi-Sen; Guo, Wei; Lester, Luke F.; Preble, Stefan F.

    2017-04-01

    We demonstrate an electrically pumped InAs quantum dot (QD) two-section passively mode-locked laser (MLL) on a silicon substrate by low temperature (250 °C) Pd-GaAs wafer bonding technology. The saturable absorber of the QD-MLL is electrically isolated by a 15-μm wide dry-etching gap which resulted in ˜30 kΩ resistance from the gain regions of the MLL. At room temperature, the laser operates in the O-band (1.3 μm) telecommunication wavelength regime with a threshold current of 94 mA and laser bar cavity and absorber lengths of 6 mm and 300 μm, respectively. The optimum mode-locked conditions are observed under injection current and reverse bias voltage of 124 mA and -7 V, which generates pulses at a repetition rate of 7.3 GHz, an optical bandwidth of 0.97 nm, and a nearly transform limited pulse width of 2 ps (sech2 pulse profile). These results enable QD-MLLs to be integrated with silicon photonic integrated circuits, such as optical time division multiplexing and optical clocks.

  2. Cavity-length optimization for high energy pulse generation in a long cavity passively mode-locked all-fiber ring laser.

    PubMed

    Li, Nanxi; Xue, Jin; Ouyang, Chunmei; Wu, Kan; Wong, Jia Haur; Aditya, Sheel; Shum, Perry Ping

    2012-06-10

    In order to achieve higher pulse energy in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser, a long cavity length is commonly implemented. However, a long cavity operating in the anomalous dispersion regime also leads to pulse broadening, which reduces the average pulse power. In this paper, the trade-off between cavity length and average pulse power is investigated with the aim of optimizing the cavity length to achieve maximum pulse energy. Numerical simulation results, presented here, indicate that there exists an optimum cavity length for which the pulse energy is maximum and the optimum length shifts as the pump power changes. The simulation results for a pump power of 500 mW are verified by measurements carried out on a long cavity nonlinear polarization rotation mode-locked all-fiber ring laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime. With a repetition rate of 266 kHz for the dissipative solitons, we achieve a pulse energy of 139.1 nJ for a cavity length of 700 m. Higher pulse energy can be expected by using a pump laser diode with higher pump power.

  3. Continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of Nd:LuxGd3-xGa5O12 crystal at 1062 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, X. W.; Jia, Z. T.; Yang, H.; Li, Y. B.; Yuan, D. S.; Zhang, B. T.; Dong, C. M.; He, J. L.; Tao, X. T.

    2012-12-01

    Continuous wave (CW) and passively Q-switched (PQS) laser properties at 1062 nm of the Nd:LuxGd3-xGa5O12 (Nd:LGGG) disordered crystal have been demonstrated. The doping concentrations of Nd3+ and Lu3+ in the as obtained crystal were measured to be 0.96 and 0.66 at.%, respectively. In the CW regime, the output power of 9.73 W was obtained with an optical-to-optical efficiency as high as 60.7% and slope efficiency of 61.2%. During the passively Q-switched operation, the maximum output power of 1.24 W was achieved under the absorbed pump power of 6.86 W. The maximum peak power of 14.20 kW and single pulse energy of 148 μJ were obtained with the Toc = 10% under the absorbed pump power of 6.36 W. The results are much better than those obtained with Nd:LGGG crystal doped with 13.6 at.% Lu3+ and 0.53 at.% Nd3+ ions.

  4. Experimental and theoretical study of passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser with GaAs saturable absorber near 1050 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chu, Hongwei; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Li, Yuefei; Li, Dechun; Li, Guiqiu; Zhao, Jia; Qiao, Wenchao; Xu, Xiaodong; Di, Juqing; Zheng, Lihe; Xu, Jun

    2014-03-01

    A diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Yb:YAG) laser with gallium arsenide (GaAs) wafer as saturable absorber has been realized. In the experiment, two pieces of GaAs wafers with respective thicknesses of 400 and 700 μm were used respectively. The output laser characteristics such as the pulse duration, single pulse energy and peak power, have been measured. By using thicker GaAs wafer as saturable absorber, a minimum pulse duration of 3.5 ns was obtained with an average output power of 361 mW and a pulse repetition rate (PRR) of 25 kHz, corresponding to a single pulse energy of 19.6 μJ and a peak power of 5.7 kW. With a 400 μm-thick GaAs wafer as saturable absorber, a maximum output power of 469 mW was achieved. The central wavelength of the laser was measured to be 1050.4 nm at pump power of 7.8 W and dual wavelength operation peaked at 1049.3 nm and 1051.6 nm was observed at a high pump power of 10 W. By considering Gaussian spatial distribution and the thermal effects in the gain medium, the coupled rate equations for passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser with GaAs saturable absorber were given.

  5. Linearly polarized pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser for Ince-Gaussian laser modes with controllable orientations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Hong-Sen; Zhang, Ming-Ming; Dong, Jun; Ueda, Ken-Ichi

    2016-12-01

    A tilted, linearly polarized laser diode end-pumped Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched a-cut Nd:YVO4 microchip laser for generating numerous Ince-Gaussian (IG) laser modes with controllable orientations has been demonstrated by selecting the crystalline orientation of an a-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal. The same IG laser mode with different orientations has been achieved with the same absorbed pump power in a passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 microchip laser under linearly polarized pumping when the incident pump power and the crystalline orientation of an a-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal are both properly selected. The significant improvement of pulsed laser performance of controllable IG modes has been achieved by selecting the crystalline orientation of an a-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal. The maximum pulse energy is obtained along the a-axis of an a-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal and the highest peak power is achieved along the c-axis of an a-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal, respectively, which has potential applications on quantum computation and optical manipulation. The generation of controllable IG laser modes in microchip lasers under linearly polarized pumping provides a convenient and universal way to control IG laser mode numbers with anisotropic crystal as a gain medium.

  6. Pump beam waist-dependent pulse energy generation in Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched microchip laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Chao-yu; Dong, Jun

    2016-08-01

    The incident pump beam waist-dependent pulse energy generation in Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal passively Q-switched microchip laser has been investigated experimentally and theoretically by moving the Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal along the pump beam direction. Highest pulse energy of 0.4 mJ has been generated when the Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal is moved about 6 mm away from the focused pump beam waist. Laser pulses with pulse width of 1.7 ns and peak power of over 235 kW have been achieved. The theoretically calculated effective laser beam area at different positions of Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal along the pump beam direction is in good agreement with the experimental results. The highest peak power can be generated by adjusting the pump beam waist incident on the Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal to optimize the effective laser beam area in passively Q-switched microchip laser.

  7. Diode-pumped continuous-wave and passively Q-switched 1066 nm Nd:GYNbO4 laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Yufei; Peng, Zhenfang; He, Ying; Li, Xudong; Yan, Renpeng; Yu, Xin; Zhang, Qingli; Ding, Shoujun; Sun, Dunlu

    2017-08-01

    A diode-pumped passively Q-switched 1066 nm laser with a novel Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3NbO4 mixed crystal was demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge. In the continuous-wave (CW) operation, optimization selection of output couplers was carried out, and a maximum output power of 2.13 W was obtained when the plane mirror with transmission of 25% was chosen and the absorbed pump power was 10.5 W. The Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3NbO4 laser performance was investigated. At an absorbed pump power of 10.5 W, using Cr4+:YAG with initial transmission of 80%, the obtained minimum pulse width was 7.2 ns with the pulse repetition rate of 19 kHz. The single pulse energy and peak power were estimated to be 26.7 µJ and 3.7 kW, respectively.

  8. Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG, and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr 4+ -doped garnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalisky, Y.; Kalisky, O.; Rachum, U.; Boulon, G.; Brenier, A.

    2006-02-01

    We investigated the CW free-running and repetitive modulation in the kHz frequency domain of a passively Q-switched, diode-pumped Yb:YAG, Yb:GGG and Yb:KYW lasers, by using Cr 4+:YAG as a saturable absorber. The results presented here are focused towards the design of a passively Q-switched Yb doped garnets or Yb doped tungstates microlaser. The free-running performance of Yb:YAG, Yb:GGG, Yb:KGW and Yb:KYW were characterized, and experimental parameters such as gain and loss were evaluated. We carried out a fit between our experimental results and an existing numerical model, which relates the experimental and the physical parameters of the ytterbium diode-pumped system to the minimal threshold pumping power. The best performance among the laser crystals was obtained for Yb:YAG laser. A maximum peak power of ~4.5-kW, at an average output power of 1.32-W, were extracted with of ~25 % extraction efficiency.

  9. Passively mode-locking Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with an In0.25Ga0.75As absorber grown at low temperature.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yong-Gang; Ma, Xiao-Yu; Fan, Ya-Xian; Wang, Hui-Tian

    2005-07-10

    We have demonstrated stable self-starting passive mode locking in a diode-end-pumped Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser by using an In0.25Ga0.75As absorber grown at low temperature (LT In0.25Ga0.75As absorber). An In0.25Ga0.75As single-quantum-well absorber, which was grown directly on the GaAs buffer by use of the metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition technique, acts simultaneously as a passive mode-locking device and as an output coupler. Continuous-wave mode-locked pulses were obtained at 1063.5 nm. We achieved a pulse duration of 2.6 ps and an average output power of 2.15 W at a repetition rate of 96.4 MHz.

  10. Megawatt-level peak-power from a passively Q-switched hybrid fiber-bulk amplifier and its applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reiser, Axel; Bdzoch, Juraj; Höfer, Sven; Scholz-Riecke, Sina; Seitz, Daniel; Kugler, Nicolas; Genter, Peter

    2016-03-01

    A novel laser system with optical parameters that fill the gap between Q-switched and modelocked lasers has been developed. It consists of a high gain hybrid fiber-bulk amplifier seeded by a low power SESAM Q-switched oscillator. The mW level output power of the seed oscillator is preamplified by a single mode fiber which is limited by SRS effects. The final amplification stage is realized by a longitudinal pumped Nd:YVO4 crystal in a double pass setup. This MOPA configuration delivers sub-300ps pulses at repetition rates up to 1 MHz with an output power exceeding 60W. Nonlinear frequency conversion to 532nm and 355nm is achieved with efficiencies of >75% and >45%, respectively. Due to the high peak power, high repetition rate and high beam quality of this system, applications formerly only addressable at lower pulse repetition frequencies or with complex modelocked laser systems are now possible with high speed and lower cost of ownership. Application results that take benefit from these new laser parameters will be shown. Furthermore, the reduction of the pulse duration to sub-100ps and power scaling to output powers <100W by the use of the Innoslab concept are being presented.

  11. All solid-state mode-locked flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG laser system with selectable pulse duration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kubecek, Vaclav; Diels, Jean-Claude; Stintz, Andreas; Jelinkova, Helena; Dombrovsky, Andrej; Cech, Miroslav

    2005-04-01

    All solid state mode-locked flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG laser system with selectable pulse duration was developed based on the oscillator where a single semiconductor structure containing a multiple-quantum-well was used as a saturable absorber for mode-locking, and energy limiter for passive negative feedback. Single pulse selection from various parts of extended 200 ns long Q-switched pulse train enables the changing of pulse duration before entering into three stages of laser amplifiers. Using of additional acousto-optic mode-locker, stability enhancement of the output pulses was obtained and the amplitude fluctuations were reduced below 5%. The exploitation of the solid state saturable absorber and limiter integrated in the single element improved significantly the long term characteristics of the laser system which can be therefore used for various applications as a satellite laser ranging, spectroscopy, or medicine.

  12. Generation of “gigantic” ultra-short microwave pulses based on passive mode-locking effect in electron oscillators with saturable absorber in the feedback loop

    SciTech Connect

    Ginzburg, N. S. Denisov, G. G.; Vilkov, M. N.; Zotova, I. V.; Sergeev, A. S.

    2016-05-15

    A periodic train of powerful ultrashort microwave pulses can be generated in electron oscillators with a non-linear saturable absorber installed in the feedback loop. This method of pulse formation resembles the passive mode-locking widely used in laser physics. Nevertheless, there is a specific feature in the mechanism of pulse amplification when consecutive energy extraction from different fractions of a stationary electron beam takes place due to pulse slippage over the beam caused by the difference between the wave group velocity and the electron axial velocity. As a result, the peak power of generated “gigantic” pulses can exceed not only the level of steady-state generation but also, in the optimal case, the power of the driving electron beam.

  13. Generation of "gigantic" ultra-short microwave pulses based on passive mode-locking effect in electron oscillators with saturable absorber in the feedback loop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginzburg, N. S.; Denisov, G. G.; Vilkov, M. N.; Zotova, I. V.; Sergeev, A. S.

    2016-05-01

    A periodic train of powerful ultrashort microwave pulses can be generated in electron oscillators with a non-linear saturable absorber installed in the feedback loop. This method of pulse formation resembles the passive mode-locking widely used in laser physics. Nevertheless, there is a specific feature in the mechanism of pulse amplification when consecutive energy extraction from different fractions of a stationary electron beam takes place due to pulse slippage over the beam caused by the difference between the wave group velocity and the electron axial velocity. As a result, the peak power of generated "gigantic" pulses can exceed not only the level of steady-state generation but also, in the optimal case, the power of the driving electron beam.

  14. Effects of spatial hole burning in 888 nm pumped, passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schäfer, C.; Theobald, C.; Wallenstein, R.; L'huillier, J. A.

    2011-03-01

    We report on an experimental study of 888 nm pumped, passively mode-locked, high-power Nd:YVO4 lasers with an enhanced cavity design, involving spatial hole burning (SHB) in the active medium. We observed a significant pulse shortening due to the concept of "Gain-at-the end," despite using long gain length up to 30 mm. A 31.6 W average output power TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator, providing 16.2 ps pulses at an repetition rate of 96 MHz is presented. The pulse duration turns out to be primarily a function of the effective gain length, which can be explained by means of SHB. A further pulse shortening with decreasing gain length down to 9.5 ps at 11.1 W average output power is demonstrated.

  15. Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhi-Bo; He, Xiaoying; Wang, D. N.

    2011-08-01

    We demonstrate a nanosecond-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser that is passively mode locked by a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution. Owing to the good solution processing capability of few-layered graphene oxide, which can be filled into the core of a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber through a selective hole filling process, a graphene saturable absorber can be successfully fabricated. The output pulses obtained have a center wavelength, pulse width, and repetition rate of 1561.2nm, 4.85ns, and 7.68MHz, respectively. This method provides a simple and efficient approach to integrate the graphene into the optical fiber system.

  16. Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhi-Bo; He, Xiaoying; Wang, D N

    2011-08-15

    We demonstrate a nanosecond-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser that is passively mode locked by a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution. Owing to the good solution processing capability of few-layered graphene oxide, which can be filled into the core of a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber through a selective hole filling process, a graphene saturable absorber can be successfully fabricated. The output pulses obtained have a center wavelength, pulse width, and repetition rate of 1561.2 nm, 4.85 ns, and 7.68 MHz, respectively. This method provides a simple and efficient approach to integrate the graphene into the optical fiber system.

  17. Dual-central-wavelength passively mode-locked diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, F. L.; Sung, C. L.; Huang, T. L.; Wu, T. W.; Cho, H. H.; Liang, H. C.; Chen, Y. F.

    2017-08-01

    A dual-central-wavelength passively mode-locked laser with full modulation in the 0.31 THz optical beating is achieved by using a diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 crystal and a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. The output power of the dual-band emission is well balanced by tuning the focal position of the pump waist. At a pump power of 13 W, the total output power is up to 2.7 W with a repetition rate of 297.9 MHz. The autocorrelation traces clearly reveal the synchronization of the dual-band emission. Moreover, an analytical model is developed to manifest the multi-pulse structure caused by the etalon effect of the gain medium. More important, we experimentally verify that the etalon effect can be completely eliminated by using the wedge-cut diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 crystal.

  18. The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yu; Wu, Man; Tang, Pinghua; Chen, Shuqing; Du, Juan; Jiang, Guobao; Li, Ying; Zhao, Chujun; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuangchun

    2014-05-01

    We experimentally investigated the formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like (NL) pulses in an erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by a new type of saturable absorber: topological insulator. With the increase of pump power, various multi-soliton operation states—ordered, chaotic and bunched multiple-soliton—were subsequently obtained. Once the pump power exceeds 401 mW, an NL pulse state emerged, with a maximum 3 dB bandwidth of about 9.3 nm. This systematic study clearly demonstrated that a topological insulator could be an effective saturable absorber for the formation of various soliton operation states in a fiber laser cavity.

  19. High performance of a passively Q-switched mid-infrared laser with Bi2Te3/graphene composite SA.

    PubMed

    You, Zhenyu; Sun, Yijian; Sun, Dunlu; Zhu, Zaojie; Wang, Yan; Li, Jianfu; Tu, Chaoyang; Xu, Jinlong

    2017-02-15

    We report passively Q-switched ∼2 and ∼3  μm mid-infrared (MIR) solid-state lasers with a self-assembly solvothermal-synthesized Bi2Te3/graphene heterostructure saturable absorber (SA) for the first time. Based on the oxidation resistance and high thermal conductivity of graphene, and large modulation depth of Bi2Te3 nanosheets, two high-performance Q-switching lasers were realized. One is a Tm:YAP laser with a maximum average output power of 2.34 W and a pulse width of 238 ns at ∼2  μm. The corresponding maximum pulse peak power was 91 W, which was much improved in comparison with the pure graphene-based Tm laser. The other one is an Er:YSGG laser producing a pulse width of 243 ns, which is the shortest among the 2D SAs-based ∼3  μm solid-state lasers, as far as we know. Our results indicate that such a composite Bi2Te3/graphene material is a promising SA for generating high-performance mid-infrared pulse lasers.

  20. Effect of beam expansion loss in a carbon nanotube-doped PVA film on passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with different feedback ratios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Kuang-Nan; Chi, Yu-Chieh; Cheng, Chih-Hsien; Lin, Yung-Hsiang; Lo, Jui-Yung; Lin, Gong-Ru

    2014-10-01

    The effect of beam expansion induced divergent loss in a single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) doped polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based ultrafast saturable absorber (SA) film thickness on the passive mode-locking (PML) performances of erbium-doped fiber lasers are demonstrated. The variation on the PML pulsewidth of the EDFL is discussed by changing the SWCNT-PVA SA film thicknesses, together with adjusting the pumping power and the intra-cavity feedback ratio. An almost 6 dB increment of divergent loss when enlarging the SWCNT-PVA based SA film thickness from 30-130 µm is observed. When shrinking the SA thickness to 30 µm at the largest pumping power of 52.5 mW, the optical spectrum red-shifts to 1558.8 nm with its 3 dB spectral linewidth broadening up to 2.7 nm, while the pulse has already entered the soliton regime with multi-order Kelly sidebands aside the spectral shoulder. The soliton pulsewidth is as short as 790 fs, which is much shorter than those obtained with other thicker SWCNT doped PVA polymer film based SAs; therefore, the peak power from the output of the PML-EDFL is significantly enlarged accompanied by a completely suppressed residual continuous-wave level to achieve the largest on/off extinction ratio. The main mechanism of pulse shortening with reducing thickness of SWCNT doped PVA polymer film based SA is attributed to the limited beam expansion as well as the enlarged modulation depth, which results in shortened soliton pulsewidth with a clean dc background, and broadened spectrum with enriched Kelly sidebands. The increase of total SWCNT amount in the thicker SA inevitably causes a higher linear absorption; hence, the mode-locking threshold also rises accordingly. By enlarging pumping power from 38.5-52.5 mW, the highest ascent on pulse extinction of up to 32 dB is observed among all kinds of feedback conditions. Nevertheless, the enlargement on the extinction slightly decays with increasing the feedback ratio from 30-90%, as

  1. A 31 mW, 280 fs passively mode-locked fiber soliton laser using a high heat-resistant SWNT/P3HT saturable absorber coated with siloxane.

    PubMed

    Ono, Takato; Hori, Yuichiro; Yoshida, Masato; Hirooka, Toshihiko; Nakazawa, Masataka; Mata, Junji; Tsukamoto, Jun

    2012-10-08

    We report a substantial increase in the heat resistance in a connector-type single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) saturable absorber by sealing SWNT/P3HT composite with siloxane. By applying the saturable absorber to a passively mode-locked Er fiber laser, we successfully demonstrated 280 fs, 31 mW pulse generation with a fivefold improvement in heat resistance.

  2. Generation and evolution of mode-locked noise-like square-wave pulses in a large-anomalous-dispersion Er-doped ring fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jun; Chen, Yu; Tang, Pinghua; Xu, Changwen; Zhao, Chujun; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuangchun

    2015-03-09

    In a passively mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser with large anomalous-dispersion, we experimentally demonstrate the formation of noise-like square-wave pulse, which shows quite different features from conventional dissipative soliton resonance (DSR). The corresponding temporal and spectral characteristics of a variety of operation states, including Q-switched mode-locking, continuous-wave mode-locking and Raman-induced noise-like pulse near the lasing threshold, are also investigated. Stable noise-like square-wave mode-locked pulses can be obtained at a fundamental repetition frequency of 195 kHz, with pulse packet duration tunable from 15 ns to 306 ns and per-pulse energy up to 200 nJ. By reducing the linear cavity loss, stable higher-order harmonic mode-locking had also been observed, with pulse duration ranging from 37 ns at the 21st order harmonic wave to 320 ns at the fundamental order. After propagating along a piece of long telecom fiber, the generated square-wave pulses do not show any obvious change, indicating that the generated noise-like square-wave pulse can be considered as high-energy pulse packet for some promising applications. These experimental results should shed some light on the further understanding of the mechanism and characteristics of noise-like square-wave pulses.

  3. Influence of focal point properties on energy transfer and plasma evolution during laser ignition process with a passively q-switched laser.

    PubMed

    Bärwinkel, Mark; Lorenz, Sebastian; Stäglich, Robert; Brüggemann, Dieter

    2016-07-11

    Miniaturized passively q-switched laser ignition systems are a promising alternative to conventional ignition sources to ensure a reliable ignition under difficult conditions. In this study the influences of focal point properties on energy transfer from laser to plasma as well as plasma formation and propagation are investigated as the first steps of the laser induced ignition process. Maximum fluence and fluence volume are introduced to characterize focal point properties for varying laser pulse energies and focusing configurations. The results show that the transferred laser energy increases with increasing maximum fluence. During laser emission plasma propagates along the beam path of the focused laser beam. Rising maximum fluence results in increased plasma volume, but expansion saturates when fluence volume reaches its maximum.

  4. Influence of output coupling on the performance of a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with intracavity optical parametric oscillator.

    PubMed

    Huang, Y P; Huang, Y J; Cho, C Y; Chen, Y F

    2013-03-25

    A singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator (OPO), pumped by a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, is systematically investigated by means of a series of the output mirrors with various reflectivities for the fundamental wavelength at 1064 nm. Experimental results reveal that the output mirror with partial reflectivity instead of high reflection at 1064 nm not only is practicable to avoid the optical coatings damaged, but also enhances the dual-wavelength output efficiency for the OPO signal and fundamental laser waves. The overall optical-to-optical conversion efficiency is enhanced from 6.4% to 8.2% for the reflectivity decreasing from 99.8% to 90%.

  5. Gold nanobipyramids as a saturable absorber for passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser operation at 1.06 µm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Huanian; Li, Bowen; Liu, Jie

    2017-02-01

    In this letter, gold nanobipyramids (Au-NBPs) are prepared using a seed-mediated growth method. The longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption peak of the Au-NBPs is located at 1068 nm by controlling the aspect of the materials. To verify the absorption properties of the Au-NBP saturable absorber (SA), a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser is demonstrated. The maximum average output power of 3.33 mW is obtained under a pumped power of 340 mW. The minimum pulse width is 2.6 µs at a pulse repetition rate of 66.3 kHz. The results prove that Au-NBP are a promising SA with the potential for important applications in the field of pulse lasers.

  6. Compact high-pulse-energy passively Q-switched Nd:YLF laser with an ultra-low-magnification unstable resonator: application for efficient optical parametric oscillator.

    PubMed

    Cho, C Y; Huang, Y P; Huang, Y J; Chen, Y C; Su, K W; Chen, Y F

    2013-01-28

    We exploit an ultra-low-magnification unstable resonator to develop a high-pulse-energy side-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YLF/Cr⁴⁺:YAG laser with improving beam quality. A wedged laser crystal is employed in the cavity to control the emissions at 1047 nm and 1053 nm independently through the cavity alignment. The pulse energies at 1047 nm and 1053 nm are found to be 19 mJ and 23 mJ, respectively. The peak powers for both wavelengths are higher than 2 MW. Furthermore, the developed Nd:YLF lasers are employed to pump a monolithic optical parametric oscillator for confirming the applicability in nonlinear wavelength conversions.

  7. Widely tunable eye-safe laser by a passively Q-switched photonic crystal fiber laser and an external-cavity optical parametric oscillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, H. L.; Zhuang, W. Z.; Huang, W. C.; Huang, J. Y.; Huang, K. F.; Chen, Y. F.

    2011-09-01

    We report on a widely tunable passively Q-switched photonic crystal fiber (PCF) laser with wavelength tuning range up to 80 nm. The PCF laser utilizes an AlGaInAs quantum well/barrier structure as a saturable absorber and incorporates an external-cavity optical parametric oscillator (OPO) to achieve wavelength conversion. Under a pump power of 13.1 W at 976 nm, the PCF laser generated 1029-nm radiation with maximum output energy of 750 μJ and was incident into an external-cavity OPO. The output energy and peak power of signal wave was found to be 138 μJ and 19 kW, respectively. By tuning the temperature of nonlinear crystal, periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN), in the OPO, the signal wavelength in eye-safe regime from 1513 to 1593 nm was obtained.

  8. Tri-wavelength passively Q-switched Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser based on WS2 saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xihu; Xu, Jinlong; You, Zhenyu; Sun, Yijian; Zhu, Zhaojie; Tu, Chaoyang

    2016-12-01

    Using the WS2 nanosheets prepared by a facile hydrothermal reaction as saturable absorber (SA), we demonstrate a tri-wavelength passively Q-switching operation of a diode-pumped Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 (Yb:GAB) crystal laser for the first time. The single pulse energy up to 1.30 μJ with the output power of 140 mW is obtained. The corresponding pulse width and repetition frequency rate are 440 ns and 107.8 kHz, respectively. The stable pulsed laser operates at 1044.9, 1045.6 and 1048.5 nm, simultaneously. This work suggests that solvothermal synthesized WS2 could be a promising SA to realize a simultaneously multi-wavelength laser operation.

  9. High-order Stokes generation in a KTP Raman laser pumped by a passively Q-switched ND:YLF laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Maorong; Zhong, Kai; Mei, Jialin; Guo, Shibei; Xu, Degang; Yao, Jianquan

    2015-12-01

    High-order Stokes wave was observed in an x-cut KTP crystal based on stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) pumped by a passively Q-switched Nd:YLF laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber. Output spectra including the fundamental wave at 1047 nm and six Stokes wavelengths at 1077 nm, 1110 nm, 1130 nm, 1143 nm, 1164 nm, 1180 nm based on two Raman frequency shift at 267.4 cm-1 and 693.0 cm-1 were obtained simultaneously. We also detected green light generation with output power of 12 mW from self frequency mixing in the KTP crystal. The maximum total output power reached 452 mW at the repetition frequency of 8.1 kHz, corresponding to the optical-to-optical conversion efficiency of 4.61% and pump-to-Raman conversion efficiency of 3.6%.

  10. High-power passively Q-switched Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate as saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaowen; Han, Wenjuan; Xu, Honghao; Jia, Minghui; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Liu, Junhai

    2015-04-10

    We report on efficient high-power passively Q-switched operation of a Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a GaAs crystal plate acting as the saturable absorber. An average output power of 5.7 W at 1032 nm is generated at a pulse repetition rate of 166.7 kHz when the incident pump power is 26.8 W, with a slope efficiency determined to be 24.5%. The averaged pulse energy achieved is roughly 30 μJ and is increased to about 40 μJ when the output coupling used changes from 30% to 50%, while the shortest pulse width is measured to be 153 ns.

  11. Passively Q-switched oscillation at 1005–1012 nm of a miniature Yb:LuPO4 crystal rod laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lisha; Han, Wenjuan; Xu, Honghao; Zhong, Degao; Teng, Bing; Liu, Junhai

    2017-04-01

    A diode pumped Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser operating at wavelengths of 1005.0–1012.5 nm, which was passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber, was demonstrated. An average output power of 7.2 W at 1012.5 nm was generated at a pulse repetition rate of 166.7 kHz, with optical-to-optical and slope efficiencies being 38.5% and 45%, respectively. Under conditions of higher output coupling and lower initial transmission of the saturable absorber, an output power of 2.9 W at wavelengths around 1005.0 nm could be reached at 19.2 kHz, the resulting pulse energy, duration and peak power were respectively 151 µJ, 3.0 ns and 50.3 kW.

  12. An energy adjustable linearly polarized passively Q-switched bulk laser with a wedged diffusion-bonded Nd:YAG/Cr⁴⁺:YAG crystal.

    PubMed

    Cho, C Y; Cheng, H P; Chang, Y C; Tang, C Y; Chen, Y F

    2015-03-23

    An energy adjustable passively Q-switched laser is demonstrated with a composite Nd:YAG/Cr⁴⁺:YAG crystal by applying a wedged interface inside the crystal. The theoretical model of the monolithic laser resonator is explored to show the energy adjustable feature with different initial transmissions of the saturable absorber at the horizontal axis. By adjusting the pump beam location across the Nd:YAG crystal, the output pulse energy can be flexibly changed from 10.9 μJ to 17.6 μJ while maintaining the same output efficiency. The polarization state of the laser output is found to be along with the polarization of the C-mount pump diode. Finally, the behavior of the multi-transverse-mode oscillation is also discussed for eliminating the instability of the pulse train.

  13. CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Jitter and the minimal pulse repetition rate of a diode-pumped passively Q-switched solid-state laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belovolov, M. I.; Shatalov, A. F.

    2008-10-01

    The jitter of radiation pulses from diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) and Nd3+:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 (Nd:CGGG) crystal lasers is studied. It is found that the jitter j depends on the laser pulse repetition rate f as j = A/fγ. It is shown that the minimal pulse repetition rate fL of the laser is determined by the jitter parameters A and γ and is equal to A1/(γ-1). For the Nd:YAG and Nd:CGGG lasers, fL was 14 Hz and 5 Hz, respectively.

  14. Passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with MoS2/GaAs saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Haikun; Zhang, Feng; Li, Xin; Chen, Lijuan; Wang, Jing; Wang, Liangling

    2017-08-01

    The molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets adhered on GaAs wafer is employed as MoS2/GaAs saturable absorber (SA) in the Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser. The MoS2/GaAs SA is successfully fabricated by liquid-exfoliated method of transferring a few-layer MoS2 to 350 μm-depth GaAs wafer. Under the absorbed pump power of 1.77 W, the pulses with 321.6 mW average-output power, 51.3ns pulse duration and 769.7 kHz repetition rate can be obtained, which reveals the potential of MoS2/GaAs heterostructure in generation of short pulse duration. The pulse energy and the peak power are 417.8 nJ and 8.14 W respectively, under the same absorbed pump power. It is promising that the heterostructure SAs with two-dimentional nanomaterials and traditional SAs can be used in optical modulation to get shorter pulse duration.

  15. Large-energy, narrow-bandwidth laser pulse at 1645 nm in a diode-pumped Er:YAG solid-state laser passively Q-switched by a monolayer graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Rong; Tang, Pinghua; Chen, Yu; Chen, Shuqing; Zhao, Chujun; Zhang, Han; Wen, Shuangchun

    2014-01-10

    Nonlinear transmission parameters of monolayer graphene at 1645 nm were obtained. Based on the monolayer graphene saturable absorber, a 1532 nm LD pumped 1645 nm passively Q-switched Er:YAG laser was demonstrated. Under the pump power of 20.8 W, a 1645 nm Q-switched pulse with FWHM of 0.13 nm (without the use of etalon) and energy of 13.5 μJ per pulse can be obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest pulse energy for graphene-based passively Q-switched Er:YAG laseroperating at 1645 nm, suggesting the potentials of graphene materials for high-energy solid-state laser applications.

  16. Diode-Pumped Soliton and Non-Soliton Mode-Locked Yb:GYSO Lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Jin-Ping; Liang, Xiao-Yan; Li, Jin-Feng; Zheng, Li-He; Su, Liang-Bi; Xu, Jun

    2011-08-01

    Diode-pumped soliton and non-soliton mode-locked Yb:(Gd1-x Yx)2SiO5(x = 0.5) lasers are demonstrated. Pulses as short as 1.4 ps are generated for the soliton mode-locked operation, with a pair of SF10 prisms as the negative dispersion elements. The central wavelength is 1056 nm and the repetition rate is 48 MHz. For the non-soliton mode locking, the output power could achieve ~1.2 W, and the pulse width is about 20 ps. The critical pulse energy in the soliton-mode locked operation against the Q-switched mode locking is much lower than the critical pulse energy in the non-soliton mode-locked operation.

  17. Developments in mode-locked lasers and their applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Siegman, A. E.

    1982-01-01

    The most important recent advance with respect to mode locking has been the development of 'colliding-pulse' mode locking. An important extension to this method is reported. According to this extension, the colliding pulse function is obtained by making use of an 'antiresonant ring' laser cavity. The new concept has been applied to a flash-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YAG laser in a number of experiments. Attention is given to mode locking of a self-pumped phase conjugate laser, picosecond photoacoustic experiments, and picosecond pulses on semiconductor surfaces.

  18. Passive Q-switching of a 1.66-{mu}m Er{sup 3+}:YAlO{sub 3} laser by means of a Cr{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Galagan, B I; Denker, B I; Sverchkov, S E; Kuleshov, N V; Kisel', V E; Levchenko, V I

    2007-04-30

    The passive Q-switching of 1.66-{mu}m Er{sup 3+}:YAlO{sub 3} lasers with the help of some saturable absorbers is studied. Giant 200-ns pulses are generated by using a Cr{sup 2+}:ZnSe crystal as a saturable absorber. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  19. Piezoelectric-transducer-based optoelectronic frequency synchronizer for control of pulse delay in a femtosecond passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser.

    PubMed

    Un, Gong-Ru; Chang, Yung-Cheng; Liu, Tze-An; Pan, Ci-Ling

    2003-05-20

    We propose a piezoelectric transducer-(PZT-) based optoelectronic frequency synchronizer to control simultaneously change in the repetition rate, the relative pulse delay, and the phase noise of a passively mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity saturable Bragg reflector absorber with respect to an electronic frequency reference. An optoelectronic phase-locked-loop-based PZT feedback controller with a proportional, integral, and differential (PID) circuit and a tunable voltage regulator is designed to achieve frequency synchronization, phase-noise suppression, and delay-time tuning. When the controlling voltage is tuned from -2.6 to 2.6 V, the maximum pulse-delay range, tuning slope, and tuning resolution of the laser pulse-train are 11.3 ns, 2.3 ps/mV, and 1.2 ps, respectively. Setting the gain constant of the PID circuit at 10 or larger causes the delay-time tuning function to be linearly proportional to the controlling voltage. In the delay-time tuning mode the uncorrelated single-side-band phase-noise density of the frequency-synchronized laser is approximately -120 dBc/Hz at an offset frequency of 5 kHz, which is only 7 dBc/Hz higher than that of the electrical frequency reference. The proposed system also supports linear,continuous switching,and programmable control of the delay time of Ti:sapphire laser pulses when they are frequency synchronized to external reference clocks.

  20. Theoretical and experimental study on passive mode-locking composite Nd:GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, X. M.; Li, G. Q.; Zhao, S. Z.; Li, S. X.; Zhang, L.; Guo, Y. J.

    2016-12-01

    Stable passive mode-locking multi-segment composite Nd:GdVO4 lasers with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror were demonstrated for the first time. For the composite crystals, the output power increased linearly with the increase of the incident pump power, showing excellent thermo-mechanical performances. While for the conventional crystal, power saturation was observed when the incident pump power exceeded 8.79 W. The maximum average output power of 1.465 W was achieved by Nd(0.1%):GdVO4/Nd(0.5%):GdVO4/Nd(1%):GdVO4 composite crystal at an incident pump power of 9.28 W. The largest pulse energy of 14.90 nJ and the highest peak power of 0.53 kW with a pulse duration of 28.0 ps were also obtained by using the same composite crystal, revealing that the multi-segment composite crystal with a proper combination of Nd3+-doped concentrations could obtain the optimal laser performance.

  1. Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction

    PubMed Central

    Du, Juan; Wang, Qingkai; Jiang, Guobao; Xu, Changwen; Zhao, Chujun; Xiang, Yuanjiang; Chen, Yu; Wen, Shuangchun; Zhang, Han

    2014-01-01

    By coupling few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) with fiber-taper evanescent light field, a new type of MoS2 based nonlinear optical modulating element had been successfully fabricated as a two-dimensional layered saturable absorber with strong light-matter interaction. This MoS2-taper-fiber device is not only capable of passively mode-locking an all-normal-dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber laser and enduring high power laser excitation (up to 1 W), but also functions as a polarization sensitive optical modulating component (that is, different polarized light can induce different nonlinear optical response). Thanks to the combined advantages from the strong nonlinear optical response in MoS2 together with the sufficiently-long-range interaction between light and MoS2, this device allows for the generation of high power stable dissipative solitons at 1042.6 nm with pulse duration of 656 ps and a repetition rate of 6.74 MHz at a pump power of 210 mW. Our work may also constitute the first example of MoS2-enabled wave-guiding photonic device, and potentially give some new insights into two-dimensional layered materials related photonics. PMID:25213108

  2. Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction.

    PubMed

    Du, Juan; Wang, Qingkai; Jiang, Guobao; Xu, Changwen; Zhao, Chujun; Xiang, Yuanjiang; Chen, Yu; Wen, Shuangchun; Zhang, Han

    2014-09-12

    By coupling few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) with fiber-taper evanescent light field, a new type of MoS2 based nonlinear optical modulating element had been successfully fabricated as a two-dimensional layered saturable absorber with strong light-matter interaction. This MoS2-taper-fiber device is not only capable of passively mode-locking an all-normal-dispersion ytterbium-doped fiber laser and enduring high power laser excitation (up to 1 W), but also functions as a polarization sensitive optical modulating component (that is, different polarized light can induce different nonlinear optical response). Thanks to the combined advantages from the strong nonlinear optical response in MoS2 together with the sufficiently-long-range interaction between light and MoS2, this device allows for the generation of high power stable dissipative solitons at 1042.6 nm with pulse duration of 656 ps and a repetition rate of 6.74 MHz at a pump power of 210 mW. Our work may also constitute the first example of MoS2-enabled wave-guiding photonic device, and potential y give some new insights into two-dimensional layered materials related photonics.

  3. Eye-safe 1.55  μm passively Q-switched Er,Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 diode-pumped laser.

    PubMed

    Gorbachenya, K N; Kisel, V E; Yasukevich, A S; Maltsev, V V; Leonyuk, N I; Kuleshov, N V

    2016-03-01

    We report for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, on a diode-pumped passively Q-switched Er,Yb:GdAl3(BO3)4 laser. By using a Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal as a saturable absorber, Q-switched laser pulses with a duration of 12 ns and a maximum energy of 18.7 μJ at a repetition rate of 32 kHz corresponding to an average output power of 0.6 W were obtained at 1550 nm under continuous-wave pumping. In the burst mode of operation, Q-switched laser pulses with the highest energy up to 44 μJ were realized with a pulse repetition rate of 6.5 kHz.

  4. Integration of mode-locked diode lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coleman, A. Catrina; Hou, Lianping; Marsh, John H.

    2016-03-01

    Monolithic mode-locked semiconductor lasers are attractive sources of short optical pulses with advantages over more conventional sources in compactness, robustness, performance stability, power consumption, and cost savings. The use of quantum well intermixing (QWI) to integrate passive sections and surface etched distributed Bragg reflectors (DBR) into monolithic laser cavity will be described. The performance of the devices will be presented.

  5. Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grelu, Philippe; Akhmediev, Nail

    2012-02-01

    Dissipative solitons are localized formations of an electromagnetic field that are balanced through an energy exchange with the environment in presence of nonlinearity, dispersion and/or diffraction. Their growing use in the area of passively mode-locked lasers is remarkable: the concept of a dissipative soliton provides an excellent framework for understanding complex pulse dynamics and stimulates innovative cavity designs. Reciprocally, the field of mode-locked lasers serves as an ideal playground for testing the concept of dissipative solitons and revealing their unusual dynamics. This Review provides basic definitions of dissipative solitons, summarizes their implications for the design of high-energy mode-locked fibre laser cavities, highlights striking emerging dynamics such as dissipative soliton molecules, pulsations, explosions and rain, and finally provides an outlook for dissipative light bullets.

  6. Sub-100-fs Cr:YAG laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Davide Di Dio Cafiso, Samuele; Ugolotti, Elena; Schmidt, Andreas; Petrov, Valentin; Griebner, Uwe; Agnesi, Antonio; Cho, Won Bae; Jung, Bo Hee; Rotermund, Fabian; Bae, Sukang; Hong, Byung Hee; Reali, Giancarlo; Pirzio, Federico

    2013-05-15

    We report on mode-locking of a Cr:YAG laser at 1516 nm using a monolayer graphene-based saturable absorber of transmission type generating 91 fs pulses with a Fourier product of 0.38 at an average output power exceeding 100 mW. Stable single-pulse mode-locked operation without any sign of Q-switching instabilities or multiple pulses is achieved.

  7. High-peak power, passively Q-switched, composite, all-polycrystalline ceramic Nd:YAG/Cr{sup 4+}:YAG lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Sandu, O; Salamu, G; Pavel, N; Dascalu, T; Chuchumishev, D; Gaydardzhiev, A; Buchvarov, I

    2012-03-31

    High-peak power, passively Q-switched, composite Nd : YAG/Cr{sup 4+} : YAG lasers consisting of all-polycrystalline bonded Nd:YAG and Cr{sup 4+}:YAG ceramics are developed, and two applications of such lasers are discussed. A 1.1-at. %-doped Nd:YAG/Cr{sup 4+}:YAG ceramic laser is fabricated, which is quasi-cw pumped by a diode laser in the Hz-range, delivering laser pulses of 2.5-mJ energy and 1.9-MW peak power. By frequency doubling the laser output in a LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5} (LBO) nonlinear crystal at room temperature, 0.36-mJ, 0.3-MW green laser pulses with 27 % conversion efficiency are produced at 532 nm. Furthermore, a highly doped (1.5-at. %) Nd:YAG/Cr{sup 4+}:YAG ceramic laser operates successfully in the range of pulse repetition rates from 50 to 500 Hz, yielding 0.8-to-1.0 mJ pulses with a peak power around 1 MW. The laser output beam is amplified in a master-oscillator - power-amplifier (MOPA) system to generate laser pulses with 11-mJ energy at a 250-Hz repetition rate. (lasers)

  8. Stable passively Q-switched and gain-switched Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on a dual-cavity with fiber Bragg gratings.

    PubMed

    Jin, Dongchen; Sun, Ruoyu; Shi, Hongxing; Liu, Jiang; Wang, Pu

    2013-11-04

    We demonstrate a stable passively Q-switched and gain-switched Yb-doped all-fiber laser cladding-pumped by a continuous fiber-coupled 976 nm laser diode. By use of an all-fiber dual-cavity, the efficient elements of the laser mainly include the fiber Bragg gratings and rare-earth doped fiber, allowing the oscillator to be integrated in a compact size with reliable and stable output. In this scheme, an efficient laser output with 45 ns pulse width, 62 μJ pulse energy, and 1.4 kW peak power operating at 1081 nm was obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this is the minimum pulse width in this similar kind of all-fiber configuration at present. Sequential nanosecond pulses were obtained at the repetition rate of several to tens of kHz with the variation of the diode pumping power. Effects of laser parameters such as pump power, cavity length, external-cavity wavelength, and FBG reflectivity on laser performance were also presented and discussed.

  9. >100-kW linearly polarized pulse fiber amplifier seeded by a compact efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 Laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhuang, W. Z.; Huang, W. C.; Cho, C. Y.; Huang, Y. P.; Huang, J. Y.; Chen, Y. F.

    2012-11-01

    We thoroughly develop compact high-peak-power Nd:YVO4/Cr4+:YAG passively Q-switched lasers (PQS) as the seed source of the fiber amplifier. We exploit a nearly hemispherical cavity to reach the second threshold criterion and systematically consider the thermal lensing effect and the mode-size matching in the overall optimization. Employing a Cr4+:YAG absorber with 70% initial transmission, we obtain a 50-kHz seed pulse train with the pulse duration of 4.8 ns and the pulse energy of 22 μJ at a pump power of 5.4 W. Injecting this seed laser into a polarization maintained Yb-doped fiber, the pulse energy and peak power at a pump power of 16 W are enhanced up to 178 μJ and 37 kW, respectively. We also use an absorber with 40% initial transmission to generate a 25 kHz pulse train with the pulse duration of 1.6 ns and the pulse energy of 36 μJ at a pump power of 5.4 W. With this seed laser, we find that the surface damage of the fiber limits the maximum pulse energy and peak power to be 192 μJ and 120 kW, respectively.

  10. Different pulse pattern generation by frequency detuning in pulse modulated actively mode-locked ytterbium doped fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, He; Chen, Sheng-Ping; Si, Lei; Zhang, Bin; Jiang, Zong-Fu

    2015-10-01

    We report the results of our recent experimental investigation of the modulation frequency detuning effect on the output pulse dynamics in a pulse modulated actively mode-locked ytterbium doped fiber laser. The experimental study shows the existence of five different mode-locking states that mainly depend on the modulation frequency detuning, which are: (a) amplitude-even harmonic/fundamental mode-locking, (b) Q-switched harmonic/fundamental mode-locking, (c) sinusoidal wave modulation mode, (d) pulses bundle state, and (e) noise-like state. A detailed experimental characterization of the output pulses dynamics in each operating mode is presented.

  11. 763 fs Passively mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 laser with a graphene oxide absorber mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Hongtong; Cai, Wei; Wei, Jiafeng; Liu, Jie; Zheng, Lihe; Su, Liangbi; Xu, Jun; Wang, Yonggang

    2015-05-01

    Based on a graphene oxide absorber mirror, the laser-diode pumped mode-locked Yb:Y2SiO5 (Yb:YSO) laser was demonstrated for the first time. The laser generated pulses with pulse duration as short as ~763 fs and average output power of 700 mW at the central wavelength of 1059 nm. The corresponding peak power and energy of a single pulse were ~8.6 kW and ~7.4 nJ, respectively. To our best knowledge, this is the shortest bulk mode-locked laser based on graphene oxide.

  12. Control of the pulse width in a diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Li, Guiqiu; Zhao, Shengzhi; Yang, Kejian; Song, Peng

    2005-10-01

    Different techniques to control the pulse width of a diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser have been theoretically and experimentally studied. It is shown that, when we vary the positidns of the saturable absorber in the laser axis and the pump beam waist in the gain medium, we obtain an efficient means to control the pulse width. The experiments performed on a diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4/KTP green laser passively Q-switched by a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber are consistent with the theoretical calculations obtained from the rate equation model, in which the intracavity photon density that is assumed to be the Gaussian spatial distribution, the longitudinal variation of the intracavity photon density, and the pump beam spatial distribution are also considered.

  13. High-energy passively Q-switched operation of Yb:GdCa(4)O(BO(3))(3) laser with a GaAs semiconductor saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Chen, Xiaowen; Wang, Lisha; Han, Wenjuan; Guo, Yunfeng; Xu, Honghao; Yu, Haohai; Zhang, Huaijin; Liu, Junhai

    2015-11-16

    High-energy passively Q-switched operation of a Yb:GdCa(4)O(BO(3))(3) laser is demonstrated, with a GaAs crystal plate acting as saturable absorber. An average output power of 1.31 W at 1027 nm is produced at a pulse repetition rate of 1.92 kHz, the resulting pulse energy, duration, and peak power being respectively 0.68 mJ, 9.0 ns, and 75.6 kW. The shortest pulse duration obtained is 4.9 ns; whereas the maximum pulse energy achievable amounts to 0.83 mJ, which proves to be nearly one order of magnitude higher than ever generated from Yb or Nd lasers passively Q-switched by a GaAs saturable absorber.

  14. Passive mode-locking at S-band by single-mode thulium-doped fluoride fiber using a thin film PtAg/N-G saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, Harith; Tajdidzadeh, Mojgan; Rezayi, Majid; Amiri, Iraj S.

    2017-04-01

    We report, for the first time to our knowledge, the usage of platinum silver bimetallic alloy forms on the synthesized N-Gns (PtAg/N-G) as a saturable absorber (SA) for the mode-locking of a thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser. The experimental results have demonstrated that PtAg/N-G exhibits saturable absorption in the 1.5-μm wavelength range and supports ultrashort pulse generation. Mode-locking occurred when the pump power rose to 340 mW, and the output spectrum had a peak at 1506 nm with the 3-dB bandwidth of ˜0.76 nm. The mode-locked pulse train against a cavity roundtrip time of 146 ns that corresponds to a pulse repetition rate around 6.85 MHz. The autocorrelation trace 7.43 ps with a full width at half maximum pulse width of 4.8 ps, and experimental data were closely fit with a sech2 pulse shape and it indicates the generation of soliton pulse. The output power of this fiber laser is 3.24 mW hence, the pulse energy is 0.31 nJ and peak power is about 56.9 mW as well. We demonstrate graphene-polymer nanocomposites could be an appropriate SA for high-power fiber laser mode-locking.

  15. 2.3-μm Tm3+:YLF laser passively Q-switched with a Cr2+:ZnSe saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Canbaz, Ferda; Yorulmaz, Ismail; Sennaroglu, Alphan

    2017-05-01

    We report, what is to our knowledge, the first passively Q-switched operation of a 2.3-μm Tm3+:YLF laser by using a Cr2+:ZnSe saturable absorber. In the experiments, a tunable Ti3+:sapphire laser was used to end pump the Tm3+:YLF gain medium inside an x cavity. A Cr2+:ZnSe saturable absorber was also included in the cavity to initiate passive Q switching. At all pump power levels above lasing threshold, passively Q-switched operation of the Tm3+:YLF laser could be obtained at 2309 nm with pulse durations and repetition frequencies in the ranges of 1.2-1.4 μs and 0.3-2.1 kHz, respectively. Analysis of power dependent repetition rate data further gave an estimated value of 3.1% for the round-trip saturable loss of the Cr2+:ZnSe saturable absorber.

  16. Switchable Q-switched and modelocked operation in ytterbium doped fiber laser under all-normal-dispersion configuration

    SciTech Connect

    Mukhopadhyay, Pranb K. Gupta, Pradeep K.; Singh, Chandra Pal; Singh, Amarjeet; Sharma, Sunil K.; Bindra, Kushvinder S.; Oak, Shrikant M.

    2015-03-15

    We have constructed an Yb-doped fiber laser in all-normal-dispersion configuration which can be independently operated in Q-switched or modelocked configuration with the help of a simple fiber optic ring resonator (FORR). In the presence of FORR, the laser operates in Q-switched mode producing stable pulses in the range of 1 μs-200 ns with repetition rate in the range of 45 kHz-82 kHz. On the other hand, the laser can be easily switched to mode-locked operation by disjoining the FORR loop producing train of ultrashort pulses of ∼5 ps duration (compressible to ∼150 fs) at ∼38 MHz repetition rate. The transmission characteristics of FORR in combination with the nonlinear polarization rotation for passive Q-switching operation is numerically investigated and experimentally verified. The laser can serve as a versatile seed source for power amplifier which can be easily configured for application in the fields that require different pulsed fiber lasers.

  17. Switchable Q-switched and modelocked operation in ytterbium doped fiber laser under all-normal-dispersion configuration.

    PubMed

    Mukhopadhyay, Pranb K; Gupta, Pradeep K; Singh, Chandra Pal; Singh, Amarjeet; Sharma, Sunil K; Bindra, Kushvinder S; Oak, Shrikant M

    2015-03-01

    We have constructed an Yb-doped fiber laser in all-normal-dispersion configuration which can be independently operated in Q-switched or modelocked configuration with the help of a simple fiber optic ring resonator (FORR). In the presence of FORR, the laser operates in Q-switched mode producing stable pulses in the range of 1 μs-200 ns with repetition rate in the range of 45 kHz-82 kHz. On the other hand, the laser can be easily switched to mode-locked operation by disjoining the FORR loop producing train of ultrashort pulses of ∼5 ps duration (compressible to ∼150 fs) at ∼38 MHz repetition rate. The transmission characteristics of FORR in combination with the nonlinear polarization rotation for passive Q-switching operation is numerically investigated and experimentally verified. The laser can serve as a versatile seed source for power amplifier which can be easily configured for application in the fields that require different pulsed fiber lasers.

  18. Fabrication of narrow pulse passively Q-switched self-stimulated Raman laser with c-cut Nd:GdVO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Gao; Li, Zuo-han; Han, Ming

    2016-11-01

    Combining the self-stimulated Raman scattering technology and saturable absorber of Cr4+:YAG, a 1.17 μm c-cut Nd:GdVO4 picosecond Q-switched laser is demonstrated in this paper. With an incident pump power of 10 W, the Q-switched laser with average power of 430 mW for 1.17 μm, pulse width of 270 ps, repetition rate of 13 kHz and the first order Stokes conversion efficiency of 4.3% is obtained. The Q-switched pulse width can be the narrowest in our research. In addition, the yellow laser at 0.58 μm is also achieved by using the LiB3O5 frequency doubling crystal.

  19. Passive Q-switching of Pr:LiYF4 orange laser at 604 nm using topological insulators Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Yongjie; Peng, Jian; Bin, Xu; Xu, Huiying; Cai, Zhiping; Weng, Jian

    2017-02-01

    Q-switched laser operation of a laser diode pumped Pr:LiYF4 laser is reported at 604 nm using a topological insulator (TI) Bi2Se3 nanosheet material as saturable absorbers (SAs), for the first time to our knowledge. Stable Q-switched laser operation is obtained with shortest pulse width of about 802 ns, a maximum pulse repetition rate of 130 kHz, pulse energy of about 0.2 μJ and a maximum average output power of 26 mW. This work further extends the working wavelength of Bi2Se3 as saturable absorbers to visible domain.

  20. InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers.

    PubMed

    Yao, Baoquan; Tian, Yi; Li, Gang; Wang, Yuezhu

    2010-06-21

    We demonstrate the first use of InGaAs/GaAs as a saturable absorber in the Q-switching of a diode pumped Tm(3+) doped laser operating at the wavelengths of 1940 nm and 1986 nm. The influence of the semiconductor saturable absorber's (SESA) position and thermal lens effect on the Q-switch characteristics was investigated. With a pump power of 35 W, the maximum pulse energy of 28.1 microJ with a pulse width of 447 ns at the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 43.7 kHz was obtained by selecting the appropriate position of the SESA.

  1. Mode-locked fiber laser based on chalcogenide microwires.

    PubMed

    Al-Kadry, Alaa; El Amraoui, Mohammed; Messaddeq, Younès; Rochette, Martin

    2015-09-15

    We report the first mode-locked fiber laser using a chalcogenide microwire as the nonlinear medium. The laser is passively mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation and can be adjusted for the emission of solitons or noise-like pulses. The use of the microwire leads to a mode-locking threshold at the microwatt level and shortens the cavity length by 4 orders of magnitude with respect to other lasers of its kind. The controlled birefringence of the microwire, combined with a linear polarizer in the cavity, enables multiwavelength laser operation with tunable central wavelength, switchable wavelength separation, and a variable number of laser wavelengths.

  2. High-energy passively Q-switched 2 μm Tm(3+)-doped double-clad fiber laser using graphene-oxide-deposited fiber taper.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chun; Ye, Chenchun; Luo, Zhengqian; Cheng, Huihui; Wu, Duanduan; Zheng, Yonglong; Liu, Zhen; Qu, Biao

    2013-01-14

    We have demonstrated a high-energy Q-switched double-clad thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) using a graphene-oxide-deposited tapered fiber (GODTF) device as a saturable absorber operating at a wavelength of 2 μm for the first time. Because of the side-interaction of the graphene-oxide with the evanescent field on the taper waist, the GODTF devices have potential for offering high laser damage threshold. Using a 788 nm laser diode as the pump source, the TDFL generated stable single transverse mode Q-switched pulses with a single pulse energy of 6.71 μJ (corresponding to an average power of 302 mW) at a wavelength of 2032 nm. This is significantly higher than the highest pulse energy/average power from any rare-earth-doped fiber lasers employing a graphene or graphene-oxide based Q-switch so far. The demonstrated TDFL in this paper represents an encouraging step towards the practical applications of graphene or graphene-oxide based Q-switched 2 μm TDFLs.

  3. Tunable passively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser operating at 1.9 μm using arrayed waveguide grating (AWG)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samion, M. Z.; Ismail, M. F.; Muhamad, A.; Sharbirin, A. S.; Harun, S. W.; Ahmad, H.

    2016-12-01

    Thulium-doped fiber lasers (TDFLs), operating in the 1.8-2.0 μm wavelength region, have been viewed as an important research topic, due to their potential in various fields of applications. However, the growing need to advance the development of applications in various fields for instance medicine and environment sensor, has led to a deeper and specific study of Q-switched TDFLs with wavelength tunability. In this paper, a stable, tunable Q-switched TDFL operating in a wavelength range near to 1.9 μm by exploiting the use of a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-based thin film as a saturable absorber (SA), and the use of an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) for wavelength tunability, is presented. The tuning range of the Q-switched pulses generated covered a wavelength range that spanned from 1871.6 nm to 1888.8 nm. The repetition rate of the generated Q-switched pulses covers a range of frequency starting from 41.19 kHz to 68.3 kHz with a change in pump power from 242.2 mW until 360.9 mW.

  4. Fast wavelength-tunable picosecond pulses from a passively mode-locked Er fiber laser using a galvanometer-driven intracavity filter.

    PubMed

    Ozeki, Yasuyuki; Tashiro, Daigo

    2015-06-15

    We experimentally investigate fast wavelength-tuning characteristics of a polarization-maintaining Er fiber laser, which is mode-locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. Wavelength tuning was accomplished with an intracavity filter incorporating a galvanometer mirror and a diffraction grating. Within the tunability of 30 nm, we achieved a wavelength-tuning speed of <5 ms. We also show that the variation of repetition rates can be suppressed to <200 Hz by simply shifting the position of the grating. The presented scheme for generating wavelength-tunable pulses will be potentially useful for coherent Raman spectral imaging.

  5. High Speed Crystal Growth by Q-switched Laser Melting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cullis, A. G.

    1984-01-01

    The modification of the structural and electrical properties of semiconductors short radiation pulses obtained from Q-switched lasers is described. These modifications are accomplished by high heating and cooling rates. This processing revealed novel crystal growth and high speed resolidification phenomena. The behavior of semiconductor Si is analyzed. The annealing process typically employs short pulses of radiation in or near the visible region of the spectrum. The Q-switched ruby and Nd-YAG lasers are commonly used and these are sometimes mode locked to reduce the pulse length still further. Material to be annealed can be processed with a single large area radiation spot. Alternatively, a small radiation spot size can be used and a large sample area is covered by overlapping irradiated regions.

  6. Passively Q-switched Erbium-doped and Ytterbium-doped fibre lasers with topological insulator bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) as saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haris, H.; Harun, S. W.; Muhammad, A. R.; Anyi, C. L.; Tan, S. J.; Ahmad, F.; Nor, R. M.; Zulkepely, N. R.; Arof, H.

    2017-02-01

    This paper portrays a simple Q-switched Erbium-doped fibre (EDF) and Ytterbium doped fibre (YDF) lasers by using topological insulator (TI) Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3) as saturable absorber. The modulation depth of the fabricated Bi2Se3 is about 39.8% while its saturating intensity is about 90.2 MW/cm2. By depositing the TI Bi2Se3 SA onto fibre ferrules and incorporate it inside the proposed cavity, a stable Q-switching operation was achieved at 1 μm and 1.5 μm. The fabricated Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3) as saturable absorber (SA) is a broadband SA where it offers a compact and low cost fabrication which is beneficial in various photonic applications.

  7. A high-energy passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser based on WS2 and Bi2Te3 saturable absorbers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Junli; Li, Sha; Xing, Yupeng; Chen, Lei; Wei, Zhiyi; Wang, Yonggang

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, we report two different saturable absorbers based on WS2 film and Bi2Te3 film with similar preparation processes. A high-energy stable Q-switching pulse is achieved in identical cavity configurations for each absorber. A modulation depth of 10.17% and a maximum single pulse energy of 56.50 nJ are obtained when employing the WS2 film. However, using the Bi2Te3 film we obtain a higher modulation depth of 23.04% and a larger single pulse energy of 61.80 nJ, and stable dual-wavelength Q-switching operation was shown at a pump power of 92 mW.

  8. Investigation of the laser pumping power impact on the operating regimes of a laser passively Q-switched by a saturated absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benarab, Mustapha; Mokdad, Rabah; Djellout, Hocine; Benfdila, Arezki; Lamrous, Omar; Meyrueis, Patrick

    2011-09-01

    We have adapted the point model for the study of an all-fiber laser doped with Nd3+ and Q-switched by a saturable fiber absorber doped with Cr4+. Calculations of the output power of the 1084 nm laser are considered as a function of the pump power supplied by a 790 nm laser diode. The analysis of the simulation results reveals the existence of pulsed, sinusoidal, and dc operating regimes.

  9. Compact diode-pumped continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Nd:GYSO laser at 1.07 μm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Zhi; Huang, Xiaoxu; Lan, Jinglong; Cui, Shengwei; Wang, Yi; Xu, Bin; Luo, Zhengqian; Xu, Huiying; Cai, Zhiping; Xu, Xiaodong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wang, Jun; Xu, Jun

    2016-08-01

    We report diode-pumped continuous-wave (CW) and Q-switched Nd:GYSO lasers using a compact two-mirror linear laser cavity. Single-wavelength laser emissions at 1074.11 nm with 4.1-W power and at 1058.27 nm with 1.47-W power have been obtained in CW mode. The slope efficiencies with respect to the absorbed pump powers are 48.5% and 22.9%, respectively. Wavelength tunability is also demonstrated with range of about 8 nm. Using a MoS2 saturable absorber, maximum average output power up to 410 mW at 1074 nm can be yielded with absorbed pump power 6.41 W and the maximum pulse energy reaches 1.20 μJ with pulse repetition rate of 342.5 kHz and shortest pulse width of 810 ns. The CW laser results represent the best laser performance and the Q-switching also present the highest output power for Q-switched Nd3+ lasers with MoS2 as saturable absorber.

  10. Reduction of timing jitter and intensity noise in normal-dispersion passively mode-locked fiber lasers by narrow band-pass filtering.

    PubMed

    Qin, Peng; Song, Youjian; Kim, Hyoji; Shin, Junho; Kwon, Dohyeon; Hu, Minglie; Wang, Chingyue; Kim, Jungwon

    2014-11-17

    Fiber lasers mode-locked with normal cavity dispersion have recently attracted great attention due to large output pulse energy and femtosecond pulse duration. Here we accurately characterized the timing jitter of normal-dispersion fiber lasers using a balanced cross-correlation method. The timing jitter characterization experiments show that the timing jitter of normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers can be significantly reduced by using narrow band-pass filtering (e.g., 7-nm bandwidth filtering in this work). We further identify that the timing jitter of the fiber laser is confined in a limited range, which is almost independent of cavity dispersion map due to the amplifier-similariton formation by insertion of the narrow bandpass filter. The lowest observed timing jitter reaches 0.57 fs (rms) integrated from 10 kHz to 10 MHz Fourier frequency. The rms relative intensity noise (RIN) is also reduced from 0.37% to 0.02% (integrated from 1 kHz to 5 MHz Fourier frequency) by the insertion of narrow band-pass filter.

  11. Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Liu, Meng; Zheng, Xu-Wu; Qi, You-Li; Liu, Hao; Luo, Ai-Ping; Luo, Zhi-Chao; Xu, Wen-Cheng; Zhao, Chu-Jun; Zhang, Han

    2014-09-22

    We reported on the generation of high-order harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser using a microfiber-based molybdenum disulfide (MoS(2)) saturable absorber (SA). Taking advantage of both the saturable absorption and large third-order nonlinear susceptibilities of the few-layer MoS(2), up to 2.5 GHz repetition rate HML pulse could be obtained at a pump power of 181 mW, corresponding to 369th harmonic of fundamental repetition frequency. The results provide the first demonstration of the simultaneous applications of both highly nonlinear and saturable absorption effects of the MoS(2), indicating that the microfiber-based MoS(2) photonic device could serve as high-performance SA and highly nonlinear optical component for application fields such as ultrafast nonlinear optics.

  12. Solitary pulse-on-demand production by optical injection locking of passively Q-switched InGaN diode laser near lasing threshold

    SciTech Connect

    Zeng, X. E-mail: dmitri.boiko@csem.ch; Stadelmann, T.; Grossmann, S.; Hoogerwerf, A. C.; Boïko, D. L. E-mail: dmitri.boiko@csem.ch; Sulmoni, L.; Lamy, J.-M.; Grandjean, N.

    2015-02-16

    In this letter, we investigate the behavior of a Q-switched InGaN multi-section laser diode (MSLD) under optical injection from a continuous wave external cavity diode laser. We obtain solitary optical pulse generation when the slave MSLD is driven near free running threshold, and the peak output power is significantly enhanced with respect to free running configuration. When the slave laser is driven well above threshold, optical injection reduces the peak power. Using standard semiconductor laser rate equation model, we find that both power enhancement and suppression effects are the result of partial bleaching of the saturable absorber by externally injected photons.

  13. Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of Nd:(LaxGd1-x)3Ga5O12 crystal at 1062 nm CW and PQS laser performance of Nd:LaGGG crystal at 1062 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, H.; Fu, X.-W.; Jia, Z.-T.; He, J.-L.; Yang, X.-Q.; Zhang, B.-T.; Wang, R.-H.; Liu, X.-M.; Hou, J.; Lou, F.; Wang, Z.-W.; Yang, Y.

    2012-10-01

    The performance of diode-pumped continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched (PQS) Nd:(LaxGd1-x)3Ga5O12 lasers at 1062 nm were demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge. The highest CW output power of 9.9 W was obtained, corresponding to an optical-to-optical efficiency of 42.9%. For the passive Q-switching operation, when the output coupler of Toc = 27% was adopted, the maximum output power of 3.97 W was obtained by a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber with the initial transmission of T0 = 89.9%.While at T0 = 81.4% and Toc = 27%, the output power of 2.83 W, with pulse width of 7.4 ns and the repetition rate of 13.87 kHz, was obtained, corresponding to the maximum peak power of 27.6 kW and single pulse energy of 0.2 mJ, respectively.

  14. High-efficiency generation of 355  nm radiation by a diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Nd:YVO4 laser.

    PubMed

    Li, Bin; Sun, Bing; Mu, Huaiyu

    2016-04-01

    In this paper we have demonstrated an efficient generation of 355 nm radiation by a diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/Nd:YVO4 passively Q-switched 1064 nm laser. Cr:YAG is used as a saturable absorber for pulse generation. Compared to Nd:YAG/Cr:YAG, a passively Q-switched 1064 nm laser with higher polarization ratio is obtained in an Nd:YAG/Nd:YVO4/Cr:YAG configuration, which is helpful to nonlinear frequency conversion. The maximum output power of 8.56 W at 1064 nm is obtained with the pulse repetition rate of 38.6 kHz. Under incident pump power of 25.8 W the polarization ratio of 1064 nm is more than 15∶1. Type I and type II critical phase-matching lithium triborate are used as nonlinear frequency conversion crystals. A tripling harmonic-generation output power of 2.22 W at 355 nm is achieved.

  15. Monoclinic Tm3+:MgWO4: a promising crystal for continuous-wave and passively Q-switched lasers at ∼2  μm.

    PubMed

    Loiko, Pavel; Serres, Josep Maria; Mateos, Xavier; Aguiló, Magdalena; Díaz, Francesc; Zhang, Lizhen; Lin, Zhoubin; Lin, Haifeng; Zhang, Ge; Yumashev, Konstantin; Petrov, Valentin; Griebner, Uwe; Wang, Yicheng; Choi, Sun Yung; Rotermund, Fabian; Chen, Weidong

    2017-03-15

    Monoclinic thulium-doped magnesium monotungstate, Tm3+:MgWO4, is promising for efficient power-scalable continuous-wave (CW) and passively Q-switched lasers at >2  μm. Under diode pumping at 802 nm, a compact CW laser based on Z-cut Tm:MgWO4 generated 3.09 W at 2022-2034 nm with a slope efficiency of 50% which represents the highest output power ever achieved with this type of laser host. Stable passive Q-switching of the Tm:MgWO4 laser is demonstrated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, using single-walled carbon nanotubes, graphene, and Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers. Using the latter, the best performance is achieved with 16.1 μJ/13.6 ns pulses at 2017.8 nm with a maximum average output power of 0.87 W and a peak power of 1.18 kW.

  16. Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene.

    PubMed

    Zhang, H; Tang, D Y; Zhao, L M; Bao, Q L; Loh, K P

    2009-09-28

    We report on large energy pulse generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked with atomic layer graphene. Stable mode locked pulses with single pulse energy up to 7.3 nJ and pulse width of 415 fs have been directly generated from the laser. Our results show that atomic layer graphene could be a promising saturable absorber for large energy mode locking.

  17. 7.6  W 1342  nm passively mode-locked picosecond composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

    PubMed

    Tu, Wei; Chen, Ying; Zong, Nan; Liu, Ke; Wang, Zhi-Min; Zhang, Feng-Feng; Zhang, Shen-Jin; Yang, Feng; Yuan, Lei; Bo, Yong; Peng, Qin-Jun; Cui, Da-Fu; Xu, Zu-Yan

    2015-04-10

    A high average power 1342 nm passively CW mode-locked picoseconds (ps) composite Nd:YVO4 laser was demonstrated with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). The oscillator cavity was carefully designed to optimize the laser beam radii in the crystal and on the SESAM. The combination of composite bonded laser crystal, direct pumping, and dual end-pumped configuration was adopted to reduce the thermal effect and produce high output power with high beam quality. A maximum average output power of 7.63 W was obtained with a repetition rate of 77 MHz and a pulse duration of 24.2 ps under an absorbed pump power of 38.6 W, corresponding to an optical-optical efficiency of 19.7% and a slope efficiency of 25.9%, respectively. The beam quality factor M(2) was measured to be 1.49.

  18. Exploiting nonlinear properties of pure and Sn-doped Bi2Te2Se for passive Q-switching of all-polarization maintaining ytterbium- and erbium-doped fiber lasers.

    PubMed

    Bogusławski, Jakub; Kowalczyk, Maciej; Iwanowski, Przemysław; Hruban, Andrzej; Diduszko, Ryszard; Piotrowski, Kazimierz; Dybko, Krzysztof; Wojciechowski, Tomasz; Aleszkiewicz, Marta; Sotor, Jarosław

    2017-08-07

    Due to their broadband nonlinear optical properties, low-dimensional materials are widely used for pulse generation in fiber and solid-state lasers. Here we demonstrate novel materials, Bi2Te2Se (BTS) and Sn-doped Bi2Te2Se (BSTS), which can be used as a universal saturable absorbers for distinct spectral regimes. The material was mechanically exfoliated from a bulk single-crystal and deposited onto a side-polished fiber. We have performed characterization of the fabricated devices and employed them in polarization-maintaining ytterbium- and erbium-doped fiber lasers. This enabled us to obtain self-starting passively Q-switched regime at 1 µm and 1.56 µm. The oscillators emitted stable, linearly polarized radiation with the highest single pulse energy approaching 692 nJ. Both lasers are characterized by the best performance observed in all-polarization maintaining Q-switched fiber lasers with recently investigated new saturable absorbers, which was enabled by a very high damage threshold of the devices. This demonstrates the great potential of the investigated materials for the ultrafast photonics community.

  19. Additive mode locking based on a nonlinear loop mirror ring laser

    SciTech Connect

    Kbashi, Hani J

    2012-03-31

    We present an experimental demonstration of additive pulse mode locking based on a nonlinear loop mirror ring laser. The proposed design uses nonlinear phase shifts induced by a loop mirror. The results show that interference between two overlapping pulses from two coupled fibres, containing a nonlinear medium for power-dependent phase modulation, leads to pulse compression, and can provide mode locking with different repetition rates depending on the interplay or combination between the modulated frequency (active mode locking) and the nonlinearity (passive mode locking) generated in the loop mirror.

  20. Optimum phase noise reduction and repetition rate tuning in quantum-dot mode-locked lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Habruseva, T.; Arsenijević, D.; Kleinert, M.; Bimberg, D.; Huyet, G.; Hegarty, S. P.

    2014-01-13

    Competing approaches exist, which allow control of phase noise and frequency tuning in mode-locked lasers, but no judgement of pros and cons based on a comparative analysis was presented yet. Here, we compare results of hybrid mode-locking, hybrid mode-locking with optical injection seeding, and sideband optical injection seeding performed on the same quantum dot laser under identical bias conditions. We achieved the lowest integrated jitter of 121 fs and a record large radio-frequency (RF) tuning range of 342 MHz with sideband injection seeding of the passively mode-locked laser. The combination of hybrid mode-locking together with optical injection-locking resulted in 240 fs integrated jitter and a RF tuning range of 167 MHz. Using conventional hybrid mode-locking, the integrated jitter and the RF tuning range were 620 fs and 10 MHz, respectively.

  1. Study of a harmonic mode lock stability under external continuous-wave injection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semaan, Georges; Komarov, Andrey; Salhi, Mohamed; Sanchez, François

    2017-03-01

    In this paper, we investigate experimentally the effect of an injected continuous external optical laser in a stable passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime. Under specific conditions, the continuous-wave significantly increases the stability of the harmonic mode-locked regime. This occurs for a discrete set of wavelengths and below a critical injected power.

  2. Silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper compounds: spectroscopy properties and laser passive shutter application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yumashev, Konstantin V.; Prokoshin, Pavel V.; Zolotovskaya, Svetlana A.; Gurin, Valerij S.; Alexeenko, Alexander A.

    2003-11-01

    Sol-gel glasses containing copper selenide nanoparticles and having absorption band at 1.1?2.2 ?m can be used as saturable absorber passive shutter for Q-switching and mode-locking of the solid-state lasers operating in the wavelength range of 1.0?1.5 ?m. The bleaching relaxation time of the glasses was measured to be 0.46?1.4 ns in dependence on copper selenide stoichiometry.

  3. 1000-1400-nm partially mode-locked pulse from a simple all-fiber cavity.

    PubMed

    Wei, Xiaoming; Xu, Yiqing; Wong, Kenneth K Y

    2015-07-01

    We demonstrate a partially mode-locked pulse laser delivering ultra-wideband optical spectrum, i.e., 1000-1400 nm at 30 dB, from a simple all-fiber short cavity with all-normal dispersion. Examined by both real-time temporal and spectral analyzers, the partially mode-locked pulse exhibits double-scale noise-like characteristics-the fast L-shaped mode-locked pulse modulated by slow free-running Q-switched envelopes. Moreover, the statistical analysis as a function of its optical bandwidth shows that the spectral tuning does not compromise the temporal stability, but affects the pulsing periodicity. It is believed that the wide spectrum of knowledge obtained here would enrich the field of noise-like pulse, such as being beneficial to the rogue wave generation.

  4. High power mode-locked semiconductor lasers and their applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Shinwook

    In this dissertation, a novel semiconductor mode-locked oscillator which is an extension of eXtreme Chirped Pulse Amplification (XCPA) is investigated. An eXtreme Chirped Pulse Oscillator (XCPO) implemented with a Theta cavity also based on a semiconductor gain is presented for generating more than 30ns frequency-swept pulses with more than 100pJ of pulse energy and 3.6ps compressed pulses directly from the oscillator. The XCPO shows the two distinct characteristics which are the scalability of the output energy and the mode-locked spectrum with respect to repetition rate. The laser cavity design allows for low repetition rate operation <100MHz. The cavity significantly reduces nonlinear carrier dynamics, integrated self phase modulation (SPM), and fast gain recovery in a Semiconductor optical Amplifier (SOA). Secondly, a functional device, called a Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Laser (GCSEL) is investigated. For the first time, passive and hybrid mode-locking of a GCSEL is achieved by using saturable absorption in the passive section of GCSEL. To verify the present limitation of the GCSEL for passive and hybrid mode-locking, a dispersion matched cavity is explored. In addition, a Grating Coupled surface emitting Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (GCSOA) is also investigated to achieve high energy pulse. An energy extraction experiment for GCSOA using stretched pulses generated from the colliding pulse semiconductor mode-locked laser via a chirped fiber bragg grating, which exploits the XCPA advantages is also demonstrated. Finally, passive optical cavity amplification using an enhancement cavity is presented. In order to achieve the interferometric stability, the Hansch-Couillaud Method is employed to stabilize the passive optical cavity. The astigmatism-free optical cavity employing an acoustov optic modulator (AOM) is designed and demonstrated. In the passive optical cavity, a 7.2 of amplification factor is achieved with a 50 KHz dumping rate.

  5. Subharmonic Fourier domain mode locking.

    PubMed

    Eigenwillig, Christoph M; Wieser, Wolfgang; Biedermann, Benjamin R; Huber, Robert

    2009-03-15

    We demonstrate a subharmonically Fourier domain mode-locked wavelength-swept laser source with a substantially reduced cavity fiber length. In contrast to a standard Fourier domain mode-locked configuration, light is recirculated repetitively in the delay line with the optical bandpass filter used as switch. The laser has a fundamental optical round trip frequency of 285 kHz and can be operated at integer fractions thereof (subharmonics). Sweep ranges up to 95 nm full width centred at 1317 nm are achieved at the 1/5th subharmonic. A maximum sensitivity of 116 dB and an axial resolution of 12 microm in air are measured at an average sweep power of 12 mW. A sensitivity roll-off of 11 dB over 4 mm and 25 dB over 10 mm is observed and optical coherence tomography imaging is demonstrated. Besides the advantage of a reduced fiber length, subharmonic Fourier domain mode locking (shFDML) enables simple scaling of the sweep speed by extracting light from the delay part of the resonator. A sweep rate of 570 kHz is achieved. Characteristic features of shFDML operation, such as power leakage during fly-back and cw breakthrough, are investigated.

  6. Compact, passively Q-switched, all-solid-state master oscillator-power amplifier-optical parametric oscillator (MOPA-OPO) system pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser generating high-brightness, tunable, ultraviolet radiation.

    PubMed

    Peuser, Peter; Platz, Willi; Fix, Andreas; Ehret, Gerhard; Meister, Alexander; Haag, Matthias; Zolichowski, Paul

    2009-07-01

    We report on a compact, tunable ultraviolet laser system that consists of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) and a longitudinally diode-pumped Nd:YAG master oscillator-power amplifier (MOPA). The pump energy for the whole laser system is supplied via a single delivery fiber. Nanosecond pulses are produced by an oscillator that is passively Q-switched by a Cr(4+):YAG crystal. The OPO is pumped by the second harmonic of the Nd:YAG MOPA. Continuously tunable radiation is generated by an intracavity sum-frequency mixing process within the OPO in the range of 245-260 nm with high beam quality. Maximum pulse energies of 1.2 mJ were achieved, which correspond to an optical efficiency of 3.75%, relating to the pulse energy of the MOPA at 1064 nm.

  7. High slope efficiency and low threshold in a laser-diode-pumped passively Q-switched ion-implanted Nd:YVO4 planar waveguide laser with GaAs saturable absorber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, G. L.; Li, G. Q.; Zhao, S. Z.; Li, T.; Yang, K. J.; Li, X.

    2011-11-01

    A passively Q-switched waveguide laser, to our knowledge, has been firstly demonstrated in Nd: YVO4 crystal formed by 3 MeV Si+ ion implantation at a dose of 1 × 1015 ions/cm2 at room temperature, in which GaAs was used as saturable absorber. The dependences of the average output power, pulse width, pulse repetition rate on absorbed pump power have been measured at different output plane mirror transmissions. At an absorbed pump power of 78.8 mW and output transmission of 20%, the shortest pulse width of 3.88 ns was obtained, corresponding to the peak power and single pulse energy of 212 W and 0.82 μJ, respectively. The threshold pump power was as low as 40 mW, and the slope efficiency was about 64.5% when the absorbed pump power was lower than 70 mW.

  8. Improvement of stability and efficiency in diode-pumped passively Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator with a monolithic cavity Improvement of stability and efficiency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, J. Y.; Zhuang, W. Z.; Huang, Y. P.; Huang, Y. J.; Su, K. W.; Chen, Y. F.

    2012-07-01

    We improve the performance of intracavity optical parametric oscillator (IOPO) pumped by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4/Cr4+:YAG laser. The IOPO cavity is formed independently by a monolithic KTP crystal that the mirrors are directly deposited on top of the nonlinear crystal. We study the performances of this IOPO cavity with different reflectivity of the output coupler at 1.5 μm (Rs) of 80 and 50%. The average power of 1.5 μm is up to 3.3 W at the maximum pump power of 16.8 W for both cases. The diode-to-signal conversion efficiency is up to 20%, which is the highest one for IOPOs to our best knowledge. At the maximum pump power, the pulse energies are 41 μJ with the pulse width of 3 ns at a pulse repetition rate (PRR) of 80 kHz for Rs = 80% and 51 μJ with the pulse width of 1.2 ns at a PRR of 65 kHz for Rs = 50%, respectively. The pulse amplitude fluctuations in standard deviation are 2.6% for Rs = 80% and 4% for Rs = 50%, respectively.

  9. Passively Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with silver-nanoparticle film as the saturable absorber for operation at 2.0 µm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, H.; Samion, M. Z.; Muhamad, A.; Sharbirin, A. S.; Ismail, M. F.

    2016-12-01

    In this work, a compact thulium-doped fiber laser with a Q-switched output is proposed and demonstrated. A thulium-doped fiber is used for the laser, with a peak absorption of 200 dB m-1 at 790 nm and a cutoff wavelength of 1350 nm as the primary gain medium, and a silver-based saturable absorber as the pulse generation mechanism. The pulses obtained from the proposed laser have repetition rates from 38.3 kHz up to 56.2 kHz, with a pulse width as low as 4.2 µs and pulse energy as high as 67.3 nJ at a maximum pump power of 228.8 mW. The generated pulses are highly stable, showing no changes or fluctuations over operation for a period of 60 min, and further validated with signal-to-noise ratios of 57.0 dB and 59.5 dB in the optical and frequency domains respectively. The proposed laser has high potential for eye-safe applications in manufacturing and medicine.

  10. Vibration-Rotation Relaxation Using Mode Locked and Q-Switch Gas Lasers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    equilibration of the vibrational modes among themselves is typically 100-1000 times faster than the rate of equilibration of the vibrational degrees of...been developed which provides insight into the paths by which the vibrational modes of this molecule come into equilibrium with each other. Such maps

  11. Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers, synchronization and noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaechele, Walter Irving, IV

    1997-09-01

    As the applications multiply for compact sources of ultrashort pulses, it is necessary to develop a full understanding of the advantages and limitations of the different mode-locking techniques. With the current emphasis on increasing the capacity of the communications infrastructure, picosecond and sub-picosecond pulsed fiber lasers have attracted increasing interest especially in light of the efficiency of erbium fiber amplifiers. With this in mind, a comparative, experimental study of the mode-locking processes of three erbium-doped fiber lasers was conducted. An actively mode-locked fiber ring laser and a passively mode-locked Fabry-Perot fiber laser employing a multiple quantum well saturable absorber were constructed as a precursor to developing a hybrid laser source which would combine the most desirable features of the individual lasers. The actively mode-locked laser produced picosecond pulses at repetition rates ranging from 1.5 MHz to 5.0 GHz and was tunable over the whole erbium gain bandwidth. The passively mode-locked laser utilized the nonlinear transmission of the multiple quantum well saturable absorber to start and sustain mode-locked operation. Additionally, the two lasers were integrated to form a hybrid mode-locked laser. By injecting a portion of the ring laser's output directly into the Fabry-Perot cavity, the output of the two lasers would synchronize at the fundamental cavity frequency.

  12. Graphene actively Q-switched lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Diao; Xue, Hui; Qi, Mei; Wang, Yadong; Aksimsek, Sinan; Chekurov, Nikolai; Kim, Wonjae; Li, Changfeng; Riikonen, Juha; Ye, Fangwei; Dai, Qing; Ren, Zhaoyu; Bai, Jintao; Hasan, Tawfique; Lipsanen, Harri; Sun, Zhipei

    2017-06-01

    Graphene electro-optic modulators (GEOMs) are emerging as a viable alternative to conventional material-based modulators mainly due to their broadband and ultrafast performance. These GEOMs with combined advantages of small footprint and low energy consumption can potentially enable various high-performance applications that are not possible using conventional approaches. Here, we report the first actively Q-switched lasers with a GEOM. In contrast to the previously reported lasers that are passively modulated by two-dimensional layered material-based saturable absorbers, our actively modulated laser concept represents significant advantages, such as electrically tunable output parameters (e.g. output repetition rate, pulse duration and pulse energy) and electro-optical synchronization. Using a single GEOM, we generate broadband Q-switched pulses at  ∼1.55 and 2 μm with output energies of up to 123 nJ. This indicates the broadband pulse generation capability of the graphene-based active devices, superior to widely used bulk material-based active modulation approaches. Our results demonstrate a simple and viable design towards broadband, high-repetition-rate, electrically modulated ultrafast lasers for various applications, such as telecommunications and spectroscopy.

  13. Simulation of tunable Cr:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Hsiu-Fen; Hsieh, Shang-Wei; Kuo, Yen-Kuang

    2005-01-01

    In this work, we numerically investigate the passive Q-switching performance of the tunable Cr:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser over its entire tuning range. Specifically, the optical performance of the Cr:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser as functions of the initial population in the ground state of the Cr:YSO saturable absorber, the pumping rate, the reflectivity of the output coupler, and the dissipative loss inside the laser cavity are studied. Simulation results show that the Cr:YSO is an effective saturable absorber Q switch for the Cr:LiSAF laser over its entire tuning range. Unlike the Cr:YSO Q-switched alexandrite laser and the Cr:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser, the Cr:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser has similar passive Q-switching performance when the laser polarization is along each of the three principal axes of the Cr:YSO. The results obtained numerically in this work are in good agreement with those obtained experimentally by other researchers. Our simulation results indicate that, a Q-switched laser pulse with an output energy of 10 mJ and a pulse width of 17 ns may be obtained at 850 nm, the peak of its tuning spectrum.

  14. Fiber based mode locked fiber laser using Kerr effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Long

    spectral width of about 30 nm and 40 nm, respectively. Mode 3 is more interesting since it covers a huge spectrum range (1490 to 1640 nm) and the pulse duration is estimated to be about 40 fs from the transform limited pulse calculated from the spectrum, which could be the shortest pulse ever reported from an Er doped fiber laser. Further efforts are needed to better dechirp the pulse to verify the transform limited calculation. Due to the weak saturable absorber action from the original design, we use a telescope design to test our SA idea in experiment; the ChG As40Se60 plate is placed inside a telescope which is then inserted into the laser cavity explained in previous paragraph. The telescope design is used to focus the pulse so that higher level of nonlinearity is induced. Then an iris is placed behind the glass plate to create a transmission discrimination mechanism against different powers (Kerr lens mode locking). Mode locking is not obtained but strong mode locking sign is identified. Q-switched pulse laser is obtained by using ChG As40Se60 plate only.

  15. Actively Q-switched Raman fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuznetsov, A. G.; Podivilov, E. V.; Babin, S. A.

    2015-03-01

    A new scheme providing actively Q-switched operation of a Raman fiber laser (RFL) has been proposed and tested. The RFL consists of a 1 km single-mode fiber with a switchable loop mirror at one end and an angled cleaved output end. An 1080 nm pulse with microsecond duration is generated at the output by means of acousto-optic switching of the mirror at ~30 kHz in the presence of 6 W backward pumping at 1030 nm. In the proposed scheme, the generated pulse energy is defined by the pump energy distributed along the passive fiber, which amounts to 30 μJ in our case. The available pump energy may be increased by means of fiber lengthening. Pulse shortening is also expected.

  16. Compact intra-cavity pumped low-threshold passively Q-switched Ho:Sc2SiO5 laser by a LD-pumped Tm:YAP laser at room temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xiao-tao; Xie, Wen-qiang; Liu, Long; Li, Lin-jun

    2017-08-01

    A compact intra-cavity pumped low-threshold passively Q-switched (PQS) Ho:Sc2SiO5 (Ho:SSO) laser is reported for the first time. The Tm:YAlO3 (Tm:YAP) crystal and the Ho:SSO crystal are placed in the same laser cavity. A laser diode with a central wavelength of 793 nm is used to realize the output of the Ho:SSO laser. Both the continuous wave (CW) and PQS operation are investigated. A Cr2+:ZnSe is used as the saturable absorber in the PQS Ho:SSO laser. For the CW mode, the laser threshold is only 750 mW, which is 980 mW in the PQS mode. A maximum pulse energy of 699 µJ is primarily obtained, corresponding to the pulse width of 96 ns. The maximum repetition frequency is 1.46 kHz. The maximum pulse peak power can be calculated to be 7.28 kW. The beam quality factor M 2 is calculated to be 1.4 with the maximum output power.

  17. Diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Tm:CLNGG disordered crystal laser.

    PubMed

    Ma, J; Xie, G Q; Gao, W L; Yuan, P; Qian, L J; Yu, H H; Zhang, H J; Wang, J Y

    2012-04-15

    A diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked femtosecond Tm-doped calcium lithium niobium gallium garnet (Tm:CLNGG) disordered crystal laser was demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge. With a 790 nm laser diode pumping, stable CW mode-locking operation was obtained by using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. The disordered crystal laser generated mode-locked pulses as short as 479 fs, with an average output power of 288 mW, and repetition rate of 99 MHz in 2 μm spectral region.

  18. Electro-optic Q-switch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zou, Yingyin (Inventor); Chen, Qiushui (Inventor); Zhang, Run (Inventor); Jiang, Hua (Inventor)

    2006-01-01

    An electro-optic Q-switch for generating sequence of laser pulses was disclosed. The Q-switch comprises a quadratic electro-optic material and is connected with an electronic unit generating a radio frequency wave with positive and negative pulses alternatively. The Q-switch is controlled by the radio frequency wave in such a way that laser pulse is generated when the radio frequency wave changes its polarity.

  19. High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber.

    PubMed

    Meng, Yichang; Semaan, Georges; Salhi, Mohamed; Niang, Alioune; Guesmi, Khmaies; Luo, Zhi-Chao; Sanchez, Francois

    2015-09-07

    We demonstrate a passive mode-locked Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser using a microfiber-based topological insulator (Bi(2)Se(3)) saturable absorber (TISA). By optimizing the cavity loss and output coupling ratio, the mode-locked fiber laser can operate in L-band with high average output power. With the highest pump power of 5 W, 91st harmonic mode locking of soliton bunches with average output power of 308 mW was obtained. This is the first report that the TISA based erbium-doped fiber laser operating above 1.6 μm and is also the highest output power yet reported in TISA based passive mode-locked fiber laser.

  20. High frequency optoelectronic oscillators based on the optical feedback of semiconductor mode-locked laser diodes.

    PubMed

    Haji, Mohsin; Hou, Lianping; Kelly, Anthony E; Akbar, Jehan; Marsh, John H; Arnold, John M; Ironside, Charles N

    2012-01-30

    Optical self seeding feedback techniques can be used to improve the noise characteristics of passively mode-locked laser diodes. External cavities such as fiber optic cables can increase the memory of the phase and subsequently improve the timing jitter. In this work, an improved optical feedback architecture is proposed using an optical fiber loop delay as a cavity extension of the mode-locked laser. We investigate the effect of the noise reduction as a function of the loop length and feedback power. The well known composite cavity technique is also implemented for suppressing supermode noise artifacts presented due to harmonic mode locking effects. Using this method, we achieve a record low radio frequency linewidth of 192 Hz for any high frequency (>1 GHz) passively mode-locked laser to date (to the best of the authors' knowledge), making it promising for the development of high frequency optoelectronic oscillators.

  1. Oscillatory phenomena and Q switching in a model for laser with a saturable absorber

    SciTech Connect

    Antoranz, J.C.; Gea, J.; Velarde, M.G.

    1981-12-28

    Sufficiently long population decay times and sufficiently short dipole decay times in a single-mode laser with saturable absorber permit passive Q switching in the form of a hard-mode sustained relaxation oscillation.

  2. Self-mode-locking semiconductor disk laser.

    PubMed

    Gaafar, Mahmoud; Richter, Philipp; Keskin, Hakan; Möller, Christoph; Wichmann, Matthias; Stolz, Wolfgang; Rahimi-Iman, Arash; Koch, Martin

    2014-11-17

    The development of mode-locked semiconductor disk lasers received striking attention in the last 14 years and there is still a vast potential of such pulsed lasers to be explored and exploited. While for more than one decade pulsed operation was strongly linked to the employment of a saturable absorber, self-mode-locking emerged recently as an effective and novel technique in this field - giving prospect to a reduced complexity and improved cost-efficiency of such lasers. In this work, we highlight recent achievements regarding self-mode-locked semiconductor devices. It is worth to note, that although nonlinear effects in the active medium are expected to give rise to self-mode-locking, this has to be investigated with care in future experiments. However, there is a controversy whether results presented with respect to self-mode-locking truly show mode-locking. Such concerns are addressed in this work and we provide a clear evidence of mode-locking in a saturable-absorber-free device. By using a BBO crystal outside the cavity, green light originating from second-harmonic generation using the out-coupled laser beam is demonstrated. In addition, long-time-span pulse trains as well as radiofrequency-spectra measurements are presented for our sub-ps pulses at 500 MHz repetition rate which indicate the stable pulse operation of our device. Furthermore, a long-time-span autocorrelation trace is introduced which clearly shows absence of a pedestal or double pulses. Eventually, a beam-profile measurement reveals the excellent beam quality of our device with an M-square factor of less than 1.1 for both axes, showing that self-mode-locking can be achieved for the fundamental transverse mode.

  3. Modelling of graphene Q-switched Tm lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yasukevich, A. S.; Loiko, P.; Gusakova, N. V.; Serres, J. M.; Mateos, X.; Yumashev, K. V.; Kuleshov, N. V.; Petrov, V.; Griebner, U.; Aguiló, M.; Díaz, F.

    2017-04-01

    We report on a model of diode-pumped Thulium lasers passively Q-switched by a graphene saturable absorber applicable also for any other ;fast; saturable absorber. It reasonably predicts the dependence of the pulse duration, pulse energy and pulse repetition frequency on the absorbed power. The model is applied in the present work for a Tm: KLuW microchip laser passively Q-switched with a multi-layer graphene saturable absorber. The laser generates 1 W at 1926 nm with a slope efficiency of 39%. Stable 190 ns /4.1 μJ pulses are achieved at a pulse repetition frequency of 260 kHz. The potential of graphene for the generation of few-ns pulses at 2 μm is discussed.

  4. Laser with optically driven Q-switch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hemmati, Hamid (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    An optically driven interactive Q-switch, i.e., a Q-switch that responds to a short pulse of light, for example, from external light-emitting diodes (LED's) or diode lasers, is provided for producing an output laser pulse from electronic energy stored in a laser medium. Q-switching is thus achieved on demand by electrically pulsing the light source to produce a pulse of light directed onto a Q-switch medium in the laser cavity. Electronic control of the light pulse from the external source will thus provide not only efficient Q-switching frequency but also independent control of output laser pulse width with a fast rise time for each output laser pulse.

  5. Laser with optically driven Q-switch

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hemmati, Hamid (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    An optically driven interactive Q-switch, i.e., a Q-switch that responds to a short pulse of light, for example, from external light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or diode lasers, is provided for producing an output laser pulse from electronic energy stored in a laser medium. Q-switching is thus achieved on demand by electrically pulsing the light source to produce a pulse of light directed onto a Q-switch medium in the laser cavity. Electronic control of the light pulse from the external source will thus provide not only efficient Q-switching frequency but also independent control of output laser pulse width with a fast rise time for each output laser pulse.

  6. High-repetition-rate ultrashort pulsed fiber ring laser using hybrid mode locking.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiang; Hu, Hongyu; Li, Wenbo; Dutta, Niloy K

    2016-10-01

    We propose and demonstrate a hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser by combining the rational harmonic mode-locking technique and passive mode locking based on nonlinear polarization rotation in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. By carefully adjusting the modulation frequency and the polarization controllers in the cavity, a 30 GHz pulse train with improved stability and narrower pulse width is generated. The pulse width at 30 GHz using rational harmonic mode locking alone is 5.8 ps. This hybrid scheme narrows the pulse width to 1.9 ps at the repetition rate of 30 GHz. Numerical simulations are carried out that show good agreement with the experimental results.

  7. 70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Wenjun; Pang, Lihui; Han, Hainian; Tian, Wenlong; Chen, Hao; Lei, Ming; Yan, Peiguang; Wei, Zhiyi

    2016-01-01

    Femtosecond optical pulses have applications in optical communication, astronomical frequency combs, and laser spectroscopy. Here, a hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser with topological insulator (TI) is proposed, for the first time to our best knowledge. The pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method is employed to fabricate the fiber-taper TI saturable absorber (TISA). By virtue of the fiber-taper TISA, the hybrid EDF laser is passively mode-locked using the nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE), and emits 70 fs pulses at 1542 nm, whose 3 dB spectral width is 63 nm with a repetition rate and transfer efficiency of 95.4 MHz and 14.12%, respectively. Our experiments indicate that the proposed hybrid mode-locked EDF lasers have better performance to achieve shorter pulses with higher power and lower mode-locking threshold in the future. PMID:26813439

  8. 70-fs mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with topological insulator.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wenjun; Pang, Lihui; Han, Hainian; Tian, Wenlong; Chen, Hao; Lei, Ming; Yan, Peiguang; Wei, Zhiyi

    2016-01-27

    Femtosecond optical pulses have applications in optical communication, astronomical frequency combs, and laser spectroscopy. Here, a hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser with topological insulator (TI) is proposed, for the first time to our best knowledge. The pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method is employed to fabricate the fiber-taper TI saturable absorber (TISA). By virtue of the fiber-taper TISA, the hybrid EDF laser is passively mode-locked using the nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE), and emits 70 fs pulses at 1542 nm, whose 3 dB spectral width is 63 nm with a repetition rate and transfer efficiency of 95.4 MHz and 14.12%, respectively. Our experiments indicate that the proposed hybrid mode-locked EDF lasers have better performance to achieve shorter pulses with higher power and lower mode-locking threshold in the future.

  9. Sub-nanometer tuning of mode-locked pulse by mechanical strain on tapered fiber

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmad, Harith; Faruki, Md Jahid; Tiu, Zian Cheak; Thambiratnam, K.

    2017-03-01

    A tunable mode-locked fiber laser based on the non-linear polarization rotation (NPR) technique is proposed and demonstrated. A passively generated mode-locked output is obtained with a repetition rate of about 70 ns and an average output power of 0.7 mW, as well as a laser efficiency of 0.53%. The mode-locked pulses can be tuned over a span of 4.4 nm, from 1560.6 nm to 1556.2, corresponding to a stretching of the tapered fiber from 0 to 100 μm in 10 μm increments. The pulses have an average signal-to-noise ratio of about 41 dB in the frequency domain, indicating a highly stable mode-locked output. The system can repeat and reverse the generation of these pulses, a crucial criterion of many communications and sensing applications.

  10. Femtosecond diode-pumped mode-locked neodymium lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kubeček, Václav; Jelínek, Michal; Čech, Miroslav; Vyhlídal, David; Su, Liangbi; Jiang, Dapeng; Ma, Fengkai; Qian, Xiaobo; Wang, Jingya; Xu, Jun

    2016-12-01

    Fluoride-type crystals (CaF2, SrF2) doped with neodymium Nd3+ and codoped with buffer ions for breaking clusters of active ions and increasing fluorescence efficiency, present interesting alternative as laser active media for the diode-pumped mode-locked lasers. In comparison with widely used materials as Nd:YAG or Nd:YVO4, they have broad emission spectra as well as longer fluorescence lifetime, in comparison with Nd:glass, SrF2 and CaF2 have better thermal conductivity. In spite of the fact, that this thermal conductivity decreases with Nd3+ doping concentration, these crystals are alternative for the Nd:glass in subpicosecond mode-locked laser systems. In this paper we review the basic results reported recently on these active materials and in the second part we present our results achieved in low power diode pumped passively mode locked lasers with Nd,La:CaF2 and Nd,Y:SrF2 crystals. The pulses as short as 258 fs at wavelength of 1057 nm were obtained in the first case, while 5 ps long pulses at 1065 nm were generated from the second laser system.

  11. SESAM mode-locked red praseodymium laser.

    PubMed

    Gaponenko, Maxim; Metz, Philip Werner; Härkönen, Antti; Heuer, Alexander; Leinonen, Tomi; Guina, Mircea; Südmeyer, Thomas; Huber, Günter; Kränkel, Christian

    2014-12-15

    We present the first semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) mode-locked praseodymium solid-state laser. The laser is based on a Pr(3+):LiYF(4) crystal as gain medium and a GaInP-quantum well-based SESAM. Self-starting continuous-wave mode-locked laser operation with an average output power of 16 mW is achieved at a center wavelength of 639.5 nm. The laser operates at a repetition rate of ∼85.55  MHz and emits pulses with a duration of ∼18  ps.

  12. Narrow-linewidth short-pulse III-V-on-silicon mode-locked lasers based on a linear and ring cavity geometry.

    PubMed

    Keyvaninia, S; Uvin, S; Tassaert, M; Fu, X; Latkowski, S; Mariën, J; Thomassen, L; Lelarge, F; Duan, G; Verheyen, P; Lepage, G; Van Campenhout, J; Bente, E; Roelkens, G

    2015-02-09

    Picosecond-pulse III-V-on-silicon mode-locked lasers based on linear and ring extended cavity geometries are presented. In passive mode-locked operation a 12 kHz -3dB linewidth of the fundamental RF tone at 4.7 GHz is obtained for the linear cavity geometry and 16 kHz for the ring cavity geometry. Stabilization of the repetition rate of these devices using hybrid mode-locking is also demonstrated.

  13. Soliton mode locking by nonlinear Faraday rotation

    SciTech Connect

    Wabnitz, S.; Westin, E.; Frey, R.; Flytzanis, C.

    1996-11-01

    We propose nonlinear Faraday rotation as a mechanism for achieving stable polarization mode locking of a soliton laser. We analyze by perturbation theory and beam-propagation simulations the interplay between bandwidth-limited gain, gain dichroism, and linear and nonlinear Faraday rotation. {copyright} {ital 1996 Optical Society of America.}

  14. Characteristics and instabilities of mode-locked quantum-dot diode lasers.

    PubMed

    Li, Yan; Lester, Luke F; Chang, Derek; Langrock, Carsten; Fejer, M M; Kane, Daniel J

    2013-04-08

    Current pulse measurement methods have proven inadequate to fully understand the characteristics of passively mode-locked quantum-dot diode lasers. These devices are very difficult to characterize because of their low peak powers, high bandwidth, large time-bandwidth product, and large timing jitter. In this paper, we discuss the origin for the inadequacies of current pulse measurement techniques while presenting new ways of examining frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) data to provide insight into the operation of these devices. Under the assumptions of a partial coherence model for the pulsed laser, it is shown that simultaneous time-frequency characterization is a necessary and sufficient condition for characterization of mode-locking. Full pulse characterization of quantum dot passively mode-locked lasers (QD MLLs) was done using FROG in a collinear configuration using an aperiodically poled lithium niobate waveguide-based FROG pulse measurement system.

  15. Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength Tm-doped mode-locked fiber laser by nonlinear polarization evolution.

    PubMed

    Yan, Zhiyu; Li, Xiaohui; Tang, Yulong; Shum, Perry Ping; Yu, Xia; Zhang, Ying; Wang, Qi Jie

    2015-02-23

    We propose and demonstrate a tunable and switchable dual-wavelength ultra-fast Tm-doped fiber laser. The tunability is based on nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) technique in a passively mode-locked laser cavity. The NPE effect induces wavelength-dependent loss in the cavity to effectively alleviate mode competition and enables the multiwavelength mode locking. The laser exhibits tunable dual-wavelength mode locking over a wide range from 1852 to 1886 nm. The system has compact structure and both the wavelength tuning and switching capabilities can be realized by controlling the polarization in the fiber ring cavity.

  16. Characterization of mode-locking in an all-fiber, all normal dispersion ytterbium based fiber oscillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cserteg, András.; Sági, Veronika; Drozdy, András.; Varallyay, Zoltán.; Gajdátsy, Gábor

    2015-03-01

    An ytterbium based all fiber, all normal dispersion fiber oscillator with integrated SESAM can have several operation modes like mode-locked, Q-switched and noise-like. To know and to control the quality of the mode-locking is essential for the application of such laser oscillators, otherwise the whole laser setup can be damaged or the expected operation characteristics of the oscillator driven systems cannot be achieved. Usually the two-photon signal generated by the short pulses is used to indicate the mode locked operation, however such detection can be misleading in certain cases and not always able to predict the forthcoming degradation or vanishing of mode locking. The characterization method that we propose uses only the radio frequency spectrum of the oscillator output and can identify the different operation regimes of our laser setup. The optical spectra measured simultaneously with the RF signals proves the reliability of our method. With this kind of characterization stable mode locking can be initiated and maintained during the laser operation. The method combined with the ability to align the polarization states automatically in the laser cavity leads to the possibility to record a polarization map where the stability domains can be identified and classified. With such map the region where the mode locking is self starting and maintainable with minimal polarization alignment can be selected. The developed oscillator reported here with its compact setup and self alignment ability can be a reliable source with long term error free operation without the need of expensive monitoring tools.

  17. Mode-locked laser realized by selective area growth for short pulse generation and optical clock recovery in TDM systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lach, Eugen; Baums, Dieter; Bouayad-Amine, Jamal; Hache, Claudia; Haisch, Hansjorg; Kuhn, Edgar; Satzke, Klaus; Schilling, Michael; Weber, Juergen; Zielinski, Erich

    1996-04-01

    We report on monolithically integrated active/passive coupled cavity mode locked lasers for 1.55 micrometer realized by selective area growth technology of InGaAs(P) quantum wells. Mode locked FP or DBR lasers are fabricated with an integrated cavity comprising up to three different band gaps. The devices emit short light pulses at around 10 GHz repetition rate with pulse width down to 8.7 ps. A time-bandwidth product of 0.5 is achieved for mode locked DBR lasers. Active/passive integrated mode locked laser is used for generation of optical 10 GHz clock signal from optical 10 Gb/s PRBS RZ data stream injected into the laser cavity.

  18. Generation of sub-100-fsec pulses tunable near 497 nm from a colliding-pulse mode-locked ring dye laser

    SciTech Connect

    French, P.M.W.; Taylor, J.R.

    1988-06-01

    A colliding-pulse mode-locked ring dye laser with Coumarin 102 passively mode locked by 3,3'-diethyloxacarbocyanine iodide has been developed. Pulses of less than 100-fsec duration have been obtained from 493 to 502 nm at a repetition rate of 160 MHz. A similar operation has also been obtained with alternative saturable absorbers.

  19. Mode-locking via dissipative Faraday instability.

    PubMed

    Tarasov, Nikita; Perego, Auro M; Churkin, Dmitry V; Staliunas, Kestutis; Turitsyn, Sergei K

    2016-08-09

    Emergence of coherent structures and patterns at the nonlinear stage of modulation instability of a uniform state is an inherent feature of many biological, physical and engineering systems. There are several well-studied classical modulation instabilities, such as Benjamin-Feir, Turing and Faraday instability, which play a critical role in the self-organization of energy and matter in non-equilibrium physical, chemical and biological systems. Here we experimentally demonstrate the dissipative Faraday instability induced by spatially periodic zig-zag modulation of a dissipative parameter of the system-spectrally dependent losses-achieving generation of temporal patterns and high-harmonic mode-locking in a fibre laser. We demonstrate features of this instability that distinguish it from both the Benjamin-Feir and the purely dispersive Faraday instability. Our results open the possibilities for new designs of mode-locked lasers and can be extended to other fields of physics and engineering.

  20. Mode-locking via dissipative Faraday instability

    PubMed Central

    Tarasov, Nikita; Perego, Auro M.; Churkin, Dmitry V.; Staliunas, Kestutis; Turitsyn, Sergei K.

    2016-01-01

    Emergence of coherent structures and patterns at the nonlinear stage of modulation instability of a uniform state is an inherent feature of many biological, physical and engineering systems. There are several well-studied classical modulation instabilities, such as Benjamin–Feir, Turing and Faraday instability, which play a critical role in the self-organization of energy and matter in non-equilibrium physical, chemical and biological systems. Here we experimentally demonstrate the dissipative Faraday instability induced by spatially periodic zig-zag modulation of a dissipative parameter of the system—spectrally dependent losses—achieving generation of temporal patterns and high-harmonic mode-locking in a fibre laser. We demonstrate features of this instability that distinguish it from both the Benjamin–Feir and the purely dispersive Faraday instability. Our results open the possibilities for new designs of mode-locked lasers and can be extended to other fields of physics and engineering. PMID:27503708

  1. Mode-locking via dissipative Faraday instability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarasov, Nikita; Perego, Auro M.; Churkin, Dmitry V.; Staliunas, Kestutis; Turitsyn, Sergei K.

    2016-08-01

    Emergence of coherent structures and patterns at the nonlinear stage of modulation instability of a uniform state is an inherent feature of many biological, physical and engineering systems. There are several well-studied classical modulation instabilities, such as Benjamin-Feir, Turing and Faraday instability, which play a critical role in the self-organization of energy and matter in non-equilibrium physical, chemical and biological systems. Here we experimentally demonstrate the dissipative Faraday instability induced by spatially periodic zig-zag modulation of a dissipative parameter of the system--spectrally dependent losses--achieving generation of temporal patterns and high-harmonic mode-locking in a fibre laser. We demonstrate features of this instability that distinguish it from both the Benjamin-Feir and the purely dispersive Faraday instability. Our results open the possibilities for new designs of mode-locked lasers and can be extended to other fields of physics and engineering.

  2. Whispering-Gallery Mode-Locked Lasers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Matsko, Andrey; Iltchenko, Vladimir; Savchenkov, Anatoly; Maleki, Lute

    2003-01-01

    Mode-locked lasers of a proposed type would incorporate features of the design and operation of previously demonstrated miniature electro-optical modulators and erbium-doped glass lasers that contain whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) resonators. That is to say, WGM lasers and WGM electro-optical modulators would be integrated into monolithic units that, when suitably excited with pump light and microwaves, would function as mode-locked lasers. The proposed devices are intended to satisfy an anticipated demand for compact, low-power devices that could operate in the optical-communication wavelength band centered at a wavelength of 1.55 m and could generate pulses as short as picoseconds at repetition rates of multiple gigahertz.

  3. Monolithic mode-locked quantum dot lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penty, R. V.; Thompson, M. G.; White, I. H.

    2008-02-01

    Monolithic mode-locked laser diodes based on QD active regions are regarded as potentially suitable for a large range of photonic applications due to their compactness, mechanical stability and robustness, high potential repetition rates and low potential jitter. Their inherent properties, such as high differential gain, low chirp and fast saturable absorption have led to demonstration of improved performance over their QW equivalents. Low background loss and the relatively long lengths of quantum dot laser devices also have encouraged studies of mode-locking at repetition rates previously not explored in monolithic devices. Applications include biomedicine, high-speed data transmission, clock signal generation and electro-optic sampling. This paper reviews some of the work at Cambridge on the realization of such devices.

  4. Actively mode-locked Raman fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Yang, Xuezong; Zhang, Lei; Jiang, Huawei; Fan, Tingwei; Feng, Yan

    2015-07-27

    Active mode-locking of Raman fiber laser is experimentally investigated for the first time. An all fiber connected and polarization maintaining loop cavity of ~500 m long is pumped by a linearly polarized 1120 nm Yb fiber laser and modulated by an acousto-optic modulator. Stable 2 ns width pulse train at 1178 nm is obtained with modulator opening time of > 50 ns. At higher power, pulses become longer, and second order Raman Stokes could take place, which however can be suppressed by adjusting the open time and modulation frequency. Transient pulse evolution measurement confirms the absence of relaxation oscillation in Raman fiber laser. Tuning of repetition rate from 392 kHz to 31.37 MHz is obtained with harmonic mode locking.

  5. Correlation coefficient measurement of the mode-locked laser tones using four-wave mixing.

    PubMed

    Anthur, Aravind P; Panapakkam, Vivek; Vujicic, Vidak; Merghem, Kamel; Lelarge, Francois; Ramdane, Abderrahim; Barry, Liam P

    2016-06-01

    We use four-wave mixing to measure the correlation coefficient of comb tones in a quantum-dash mode-locked laser under passive and active locked regimes. We study the uncertainty in the measurement of the correlation coefficient of the proposed method.

  6. A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, J.; Jung, M.; Melkumov, M.; Khopin, V. F.; Dianov, E. M.; Lee, J. H.

    2017-06-01

    We demonstrate the use of an ion-doped fiber type saturable absorber for mode-locking of a fiber laser for the first time, to the best of the authors’ knowledge. More specifically, it is experimentally demonstrated that an unpumped segment of bismuth doped germanosilicate fiber can readily be used as a mode-locker operating at 2 µm wavelengths. Incorporating a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber as a saturable absorber in a thulium/holmium codoped fiber ring cavity, stable mode-locked pulses with a temporal width of ~3.94 ns were easily achieved at a wavelength of 1927.6 nm with a repetition rate of ~6.806 MHz. A series of output characterizations were conducted to clarify whether the outputs are Q-switched or mode-locked pulses.

  7. Mode-locked VECSEL emitting 5 ps pulses at 675 nm.

    PubMed

    Ranta, Sanna; Härkönen, Antti; Leinonen, Tomi; Orsila, Lasse; Lyytikäinen, Jari; Steinmeyer, Günter; Guina, Mircea

    2013-07-01

    A picosecond GaInP/AlGaInP/GaAs vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) at 675 nm is reported. The laser is mode-locked with a GaInP/AlGaInP/GaAs saturable absorber mirror and emitted ~5.1 ps pulses at a 973 MHz repetition rate and an average power of 45 mW. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a passively mode-locked VECSEL emitting fundamental laser radiation at the visible part of the spectrum.

  8. Graphene oxide mode-locked Yb:GAGG bulk laser operating in the femtosecond regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Liang; Lou, Fei; Li, Yan-bin; Hou, Jia; He, Jing-Liang; Jia, Zhi-Tai; Liu, Jing-Quan; Zhang, Bai-Tao; Yang, Ke-Jian; Wang, Zhao-Wei; Tao, Xu-Tang

    2015-04-01

    High-quality graphene oxide saturable absorber (SA) is successfully fabricated with 1-2 layer graphene oxide. By employing this SA, we have demonstrated femtosecond pulse generation from a graphene oxide passively mode locked bulk laser for the first time to our best knowledge. With two Gires-Tournois interferometer mirrors for dispersion compensation, pulses as short as 493 fs with an average power of 500 mW are obtained at the central wavelength of 1035.5 nm. These results presented here indicate the great potential of GO for generating femtosecond mode-locked pulses in the bulk laser.

  9. Carbon nanotube mode-locked vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seger, K.; Meiser, N.; Choi, S. Y.; Jung, B. H.; Yeom, D.-I.; Rotermund, F.; Okhotnikov, O.; Laurell, F.; Pasiskevicius, V.

    2014-03-01

    Mode-locking an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser has been demonstrated using low-loss saturable absorption containing a mixture of single-walled carbon nanotubes in PMM polymer. The modulator was fabricated by a simple spin-coating technique on fused silica substrate and was operating in transmission. Stable passive fundamental modelocking was obtained at a repetition rate of 613 MHz with a pulse length of 1.23 ps. The mode-locked semiconductor disk laser in a compact geometry delivered a maximum average output power of 136 mW at 1074 nm.

  10. Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength.

    PubMed

    Ma, J; Xie, G Q; Lv, P; Gao, W L; Yuan, P; Qian, L J; Yu, H H; Zhang, H J; Wang, J Y; Tang, D Y

    2012-06-01

    We experimentally demonstrated a passively mode-locked femtosecond laser by using a graphene-based saturable absorber mirror (graphene SAM) in the spectral region of 2 μm. The graphene SAM was fabricated by transferring chemical-vapor-deposited, high-quality, and large-area graphene on a highly reflective plane mirror. Stable mode-locked laser pulses as short as 729 fs were obtained with a repetition rate of 98.7 MHz and an average output power of 60.2 mW at 2018 nm.

  11. Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, F.; Rozhin, A. G.; Scardaci, V.; Sun, Z.; Hennrich, F.; White, I. H.; Milne, W. I.; Ferrari, A. C.

    2008-12-01

    Ultrashort-pulse lasers with spectral tuning capability have widespread applications in fields such as spectroscopy, biomedical research and telecommunications. Mode-locked fibre lasers are convenient and powerful sources of ultrashort pulses, and the inclusion of a broadband saturable absorber as a passive optical switch inside the laser cavity may offer tuneability over a range of wavelengths. Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors are widely used in fibre lasers, but their operating range is typically limited to a few tens of nanometres, and their fabrication can be challenging in the 1.3-1.5 µm wavelength region used for optical communications. Single-walled carbon nanotubes are excellent saturable absorbers because of their subpicosecond recovery time, low saturation intensity, polarization insensitivity, and mechanical and environmental robustness. Here, we engineer a nanotube-polycarbonate film with a wide bandwidth (>300 nm) around 1.55 µm, and then use it to demonstrate a 2.4 ps Er3+-doped fibre laser that is tuneable from 1,518 to 1,558 nm. In principle, different diameters and chiralities of nanotubes could be combined to enable compact, mode-locked fibre lasers that are tuneable over a much broader range of wavelengths than other systems.

  12. Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser.

    PubMed

    Wang, F; Rozhin, A G; Scardaci, V; Sun, Z; Hennrich, F; White, I H; Milne, W I; Ferrari, A C

    2008-12-01

    Ultrashort-pulse lasers with spectral tuning capability have widespread applications in fields such as spectroscopy, biomedical research and telecommunications. Mode-locked fibre lasers are convenient and powerful sources of ultrashort pulses, and the inclusion of a broadband saturable absorber as a passive optical switch inside the laser cavity may offer tuneability over a range of wavelengths. Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors are widely used in fibre lasers, but their operating range is typically limited to a few tens of nanometres, and their fabrication can be challenging in the 1.3-1.5 microm wavelength region used for optical communications. Single-walled carbon nanotubes are excellent saturable absorbers because of their subpicosecond recovery time, low saturation intensity, polarization insensitivity, and mechanical and environmental robustness. Here, we engineer a nanotube-polycarbonate film with a wide bandwidth (>300 nm) around 1.55 microm, and then use it to demonstrate a 2.4 ps Er(3+)-doped fibre laser that is tuneable from 1,518 to 1,558 nm. In principle, different diameters and chiralities of nanotubes could be combined to enable compact, mode-locked fibre lasers that are tuneable over a much broader range of wavelengths than other systems.

  13. Deep-red semiconductor monolithic mode-locked lasers

    SciTech Connect

    Kong, L.; Bajek, D.; White, S. E.; Forrest, A. F.; Cataluna, M. A.; Wang, H. L.; Pan, J. Q.; Wang, X. L.; Cui, B. F.; Ding, Y.

    2014-12-01

    A deep-red semiconductor monolithic mode-locked laser is demonstrated. Multi-section laser diodes based on an AlGaAs multi-quantum-well structure were passively mode-locked, enabling the generation of picosecond optical pulses at 752 nm, at pulse repetition rates of 19.37 GHz. An investigation of the dependence of the pulse duration as a function of reverse bias revealed a predominantly exponential decay trend of the pulse duration, varying from 10.5 ps down to 3.5 ps, which can be associated with the concomitant reduction of absorption recovery time with increasing applied field. A 30-MHz-tunability of the pulse repetition rate with bias conditions is also reported. The demonstration of such a compact, efficient and versatile ultrafast laser in this spectral region paves the way for its deployment in a wide range of applications such as biomedical microscopy, pulsed terahertz generation as well as microwave and millimeter-wave generation, with further impact on sensing, imaging and optical communications.

  14. Hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber soliton laser with a distributed polarizer.

    PubMed

    Chernykh, D S; Krylov, A A; Levchenko, A E; Grebenyukov, V V; Arutunyan, N R; Pozharov, A S; Obraztsova, E D; Dianov, E M

    2014-10-10

    A soliton-type erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser hybrid mode-locked with a co-action of arc-discharge single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) is demonstrated. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, boron nitride-doped SWCNTs were used as a saturable absorber for passive mode-locking initiation. Moreover, the NPE was introduced through the implementation of the short-segment polarizing fiber. Owing to the NPE action in the laser cavity, significant pulse length shortening as well as pulse stability improvement were observed as compared with a SWCNTs-only mode-locked laser. The shortest achieved pulse width of near transform-limited solitons was 222 fs at the output average power of 9.1 mW and 45.5 MHz repetition frequency, corresponding to the 0.17 nJ pulse energy.

  15. Q-Switching in a Neodymium Laser

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holgado, Warein; Sola, Inigo J.; Jarque, Enrique Conejero; Jarabo, Sebastian; Roso, Luis

    2012-01-01

    We present a laboratory experiment for advanced undergraduate or graduate laser-related classes to study the performance of a neodymium laser. In the experiment, the student has to build the neodymium laser using an open cavity. After that, the cavity losses are modulated with an optical chopper located inside, so the Q-switching regime is…

  16. Q-Switching in a Neodymium Laser

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holgado, Warein; Sola, Inigo J.; Jarque, Enrique Conejero; Jarabo, Sebastian; Roso, Luis

    2012-01-01

    We present a laboratory experiment for advanced undergraduate or graduate laser-related classes to study the performance of a neodymium laser. In the experiment, the student has to build the neodymium laser using an open cavity. After that, the cavity losses are modulated with an optical chopper located inside, so the Q-switching regime is…

  17. Compact watt-level passively Q-switched ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AIF3-NaF fiber laser at 2.8 μm using Fe2+:ZnSe saturable absorber mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Tao; Feng, Guoying; Zhang, Hong; Ning, Shougui; Lan, Bin; Zhou, Shouhuan

    2016-08-01

    A midinfrared (mid-IR) saturable absorber mirror (SAM) was fabricated by coating aluminum film on Fe2+:ZnSe crystal, based on the vacuum evaporation method. By employing the prepared SAM, we demonstrated a high-power passively Q-switched Er3+-doped ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF (ZBLAN) fiber laser at 2.8 μm. The highest output power in excess of 1.01 W was obtained with a pulse energy of 11.37 μJ and pulse duration of 0.73 μs, corresponding to a repetition rate of 88.84 kHz. To the best of our knowledge, these values represent the highest output power/pulse energy from a passively Q-switched ZBLAN fiber laser around 2.8 μm. Our results demonstrate that Fe2+:ZnSe SAM is a promising device for high-power/high-energy pulse generation in compact mid-IR fiber lasers.

  18. Graphene Q-switched Tm:KY(WO4)2 waveguide laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kifle, E.; Mateos, X.; Loiko, P.; Yumashev, K.; Yasukevich, A.; Petrov, V.; Griebner, U.; Aguiló, M.; Díaz, F.

    2017-04-01

    We report on the first Tm3+-doped double tungstate waveguide laser passively Q-switched by a graphene saturable absorber using a 12.4 µm-thick 3 at.% Tm:KY0.58Gd0.22Lu0.17(WO4)2 epitaxial layer grown on a (0 1 0)-oriented pure KY(WO4)2 substrate. This laser generated 5.8 nJ/195 ns pulses at 1831.8 nm corresponding to a pulse repetition frequency of 1.13 MHz. These are the shortest pulses achieved in passively Q-switched Tm waveguide lasers. The laser slope efficiency was 9% and the Q-switching conversion efficiency reached 45%. Graphene is promising for the generation of ns pulses at ~2 µm in Tm3+-doped double tungstate waveguide lasers operating in the MHz-range.

  19. All-fiber widely tunable mode-locked thulium-doped laser using a curvature multimode interference filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, N.; Liu, M. Y.; Gao, X. J.; Zhang, L.; Jia, Z. X.; Feng, Y.; Ohishi, Y.; Qin, G. S.; Qin, W. P.

    2016-07-01

    We demonstrated a widely tunable mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser (TDFL) by using a homemade multimode interference filter (MMIF). The MMIF had a structure of single mode fiber (SMF)—multimode fiber (MMF)—SMF and three main transmission peaks at 1901.2, 1957.2 and 2043.2 nm. By mechanically bending the MMIF, the three main transmission peaks were tuned in the range of 1860-2024 nm due to multimode interference effect. By inserting the MMIF into a passively mode-locked TDFL cavity pumped by a 1570 nm fiber laser, a tunable mode-locked TDFL with a tuning range of 1919.6-2014.9 nm was achieved by adjusting the MMIF. To the best of our knowledge, such a tunable range is the largest among all-fiber tunable mode-locked TDFLs.

  20. Anapole nanolasers for mode-locking and ultrafast pulse generation

    PubMed Central

    Totero Gongora, Juan S.; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E.; Kivshar, Yuri S.; Fratalocchi, Andrea

    2017-01-01

    Nanophotonics is a rapidly developing field of research with many suggestions for a design of nanoantennas, sensors and miniature metadevices. Despite many proposals for passive nanophotonic devices, the efficient coupling of light to nanoscale optical structures remains a major challenge. In this article, we propose a nanoscale laser based on a tightly confined anapole mode. By harnessing the non-radiating nature of the anapole state, we show how to engineer nanolasers based on InGaAs nanodisks as on-chip sources with unique optical properties. Leveraging on the near-field character of anapole modes, we demonstrate a spontaneously polarized nanolaser able to couple light into waveguide channels with four orders of magnitude intensity than classical nanolasers, as well as the generation of ultrafast (of 100 fs) pulses via spontaneous mode locking of several anapoles. Anapole nanolasers offer an attractive platform for monolithically integrated, silicon photonics sources for advanced and efficient nanoscale circuitry. PMID:28561017

  1. Anapole nanolasers for mode-locking and ultrafast pulse generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Totero Gongora, Juan S.; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E.; Kivshar, Yuri S.; Fratalocchi, Andrea

    2017-05-01

    Nanophotonics is a rapidly developing field of research with many suggestions for a design of nanoantennas, sensors and miniature metadevices. Despite many proposals for passive nanophotonic devices, the efficient coupling of light to nanoscale optical structures remains a major challenge. In this article, we propose a nanoscale laser based on a tightly confined anapole mode. By harnessing the non-radiating nature of the anapole state, we show how to engineer nanolasers based on InGaAs nanodisks as on-chip sources with unique optical properties. Leveraging on the near-field character of anapole modes, we demonstrate a spontaneously polarized nanolaser able to couple light into waveguide channels with four orders of magnitude intensity than classical nanolasers, as well as the generation of ultrafast (of 100 fs) pulses via spontaneous mode locking of several anapoles. Anapole nanolasers offer an attractive platform for monolithically integrated, silicon photonics sources for advanced and efficient nanoscale circuitry.

  2. PT-symmetric mode-locking.

    PubMed

    Longhi, S

    2016-10-01

    Parity-time (PT) symmetry is one of the most important accomplishments in optics over the past decade. Here the concept of PT mode-locking (ML) of a laser is introduced, in which active phase-locking of cavity axial modes is realized by asymmetric mode coupling in a complex time crystal. PT ML shows a transition from single- to double-pulse emission as the PT symmetry breaking point is crossed. The transition can show a turbulent behavior, depending on a dimensionless modulation parameter that plays the same role as the Reynolds number in hydrodynamic flows.

  3. Multiple acousto-optic q-switch

    DOEpatents

    Deason, Vance A.

    1993-01-01

    An improved dynamic moire interferometer comprised of a lasing medium providing a plurality of beams of coherent light, a multiple q-switch producing multiple trains of 100,000 or more pulses per second, a combining means collimating multiple trains of pulses into substantially a single train and directing beams to specimen gratings affixed to a test material, and a controller, triggering and sequencing the emission of the pulses with the occurrence and recording of a dynamic loading event.

  4. Multiple acousto-optic q-switch

    DOEpatents

    Deason, Vance A.

    1993-12-07

    An improved dynamic moire interferometer comprised of a lasing medium providing a plurality of beams of coherent light, a multiple q-switch producing multiple trains of 100,000 or more pulses per second, a combining means collimating multiple trains of pulses into substantially a single train and directing beams to specimen gratings affixed to a test material, and a controller, triggering and sequencing the emission of the pulses with the occurrence and recording of a dynamic loading event.

  5. Mode-locked fiber lasers based on doped fiber arrays.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiao; Song, Yanrong

    2014-05-10

    We designed a new kind of mode-locked fiber laser based on fiber arrays, where the central core is doped. A theoretical model is given for an all-fiber self-starting mode-locked laser based on this kind of doped fiber array. Two different kinds of fiber lasers with negative dispersion and positive dispersion are simulated and discussed. The stable mode-locked pulses are generated from initial noise conditions by the realistic parameters. The process of self-starting mode-locking multipulse transition and the relationship between the energy of the central core and the propagation distance of the pulses are discussed. Finally, we analyze the difference between the averaged mode-locked laser and the discrete mode-locked laser.

  6. Mode-locking in nonlinear rotordynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Heijden, G. H. M.

    1995-05-01

    We present a computer-assisted study of the dynamics of two nonlinearly coupled driven oscillators with rotational symmetry which arise in rotordynamics (the nonlinearity coming from bearing clearance). The nonlinearity causes a splitting of the twofold degenerate natural frequency of the associated linear model, leading to three interacting frequencies in the system. Partial mode-locking then yields a biinfinite series of attracting invariant 2-tori carrying (quasi-) periodic motion. Due to the resonance nature, the (quasi-) periodic solutions become periodic in a corotating coordinate system. They can be viewed as entrainments of periodic solutions of the associated linear problem. One presumably infinite family is generated by (scaled) driving frequencies ω = 1+2/ n, n = 1,2,3,...; another one is generated by frequencies ω = m, m = 4,5,6,... Both integers n and m can be related to discrete symmetry properties of the particular periodic solutions. Under a perturbation that breaks the rotational symmetry, more complicated behavior is possible. In particular, a second rational relation between the frequencies can be established, resulting in fully mode-locked periodic motion.

  7. Solid state lasers based on chromium- and neodymium-activated scandium garnets operating in the Q-switched mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denisov, A. L.; Zharikov, E. V.; Zavartsev, Iu. D.; Zagumennyi, A. I.; Lutts, G. B.

    1991-02-01

    The development of passively Q-switched and self-Q-switched lasers based on chromium-containing scandium garnets with phototropic centers is reported. The lasers operate over a wide frequency repetition rate with a mean output up to 100 W. The characteristics of phototropic absorption in the 1-micron region are examined, and the possibility of lasing at the weak transition of the Nd(3+) ion in chromium-containing scandium garnets with phototropic centers is discussed.

  8. Q-switching of a thulium-doped fibre laser using a holmium-doped fibre saturable absorber

    SciTech Connect

    Sadovnikova, Ya E; Kamynin, V A; Kurkov, A S; Medvedkov, O I; Marakulin, A V; Minashina, L A

    2014-01-31

    We have proposed and demonstrated a new passively Q-switched thulium-doped fibre laser configuration. A distinctive feature of this configuration is the use of a heavily holmium-doped fibre for Q-switching. Lasing was obtained at 1.96 μm, with a pulse energy of 3 μJ and pulse duration of 600 ns. The highest pulse repetition rate was 80 kHz. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  9. Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, J.; Yan, K.; Zhou, Y.; Xu, L. X. Gu, C.; Zhan, Q. W.

    2015-11-09

    We proposed and demonstrated an all fiber passively Q-switching laser to generate cylindrical-vector beam, a two dimensional material, tungsten disulphide (WS{sub 2}), was adopted as a saturable absorber inside the laser cavity, while a few-mode fiber Bragg grating was used as a transverse mode-selective output coupler. The repetition rate of the Q-switching output pulses can be varied from 80 kHz to 120 kHz with a shortest duration of 958 ns. Attributed to the high damage threshold and polarization insensitivity of the WS{sub 2} based saturable absorber, the radially polarized beam and azimuthally polarized beam can be easily generated in the Q-switching fiber laser.

  10. High-power thulium fiber laser Q switched with single-layer graphene.

    PubMed

    Tang, Yulong; Yu, Xuechao; Li, Xiaohui; Yan, Zhiyu; Wang, Qi Jie

    2014-02-01

    We report high-power 2 μm Tm3+ fiber lasers passively Q switched by double-piece single-layer graphene transferred onto a glass plate. Through manipulating intracavity laser beam size and increasing pump ratios, an average power of 5.2 W is directly achieved from the laser oscillator with an optical-to-optical slope efficiency of 26%. The laser pulse energy can be as high as ∼18  μJ, comparable to that from actively Q-switched fiber lasers. The narrowest pulse width is 320 ns, and the pulse repetition rate can be tuned from tens of kilohertz to 280 kHz by changing the pump power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average power and pulse energy, as well as the narrowest pulse width, from graphene-based Q-switched 2 μm fiber lasers.

  11. High power VCSEL array pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, Yihan; Van Leeuwen, Robert; Watkins, Laurence S.; Seurin, Jean-Francois; Xu, Guoyang; Miglo, Alexander; Wang, Qing; Ghosh, Chuni

    2012-03-01

    Solid-state lasers pumped by high-power two-dimensional arrays of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) were investigated. Both end-pumping and side-pumping schemes of Nd:YAG lasers with high power kW-class 808 nm VCSEL pump modules were implemented. For one application 10 mJ blue laser pulses were obtained from a frequencydoubled actively Q-switched VCSEL-array dual side-pumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 946 nm. For another application 10 mJ green laser pulses were obtained from a frequency-doubled passively Q-switched VCSEL-array endpumped Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm. Both QCW and CW pumping schemes were investigated to achieve high average Q-switched power.

  12. Ultrashort pulse generation by semiconductor mode-locked lasers at 760 nm.

    PubMed

    Wang, Huolei; Kong, Liang; Forrest, Adam; Bajek, David; Haggett, Stephanie E; Wang, Xiaoling; Cui, Bifeng; Pan, Jiaoqing; Ding, Ying; Cataluna, Maria Ana

    2014-10-20

    We demonstrate the first semiconductor mode-locked lasers for ultrashort pulse generation at the 760 nm waveband. Multi-section laser diodes based on an AlGaAs multi-quantum-well structure were passively mode-locked, resulting in the generation of pulses at around 766 nm, with pulse durations down to ~4 ps, at pulse repetition rates of 19.4 GHz or 23.2 GHz (with different laser cavity lengths of 1.8 mm and 1.5 mm, respectively). The influence of the bias conditions on the mode-locking characteristics was investigated for these new lasers, revealing trends which can be ascribed to the interplay of dynamical processes in the saturable absorber and gain sections. It was also found that the front facet reflectivity played a key role in the stability of mode-locking and the occurrence of self-pulsations. These lasers hold significant promise as light sources for multi-photon biomedical imaging, as well as in other applications such as frequency conversion into the ultraviolet and radio-over-fibre communications.

  13. Pulse Shaping and Evolution in Normal-Dispersion Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers

    PubMed Central

    Renninger, William H.; Chong, Andy; Wise, Frank W.

    2012-01-01

    Fiber lasers mode locked with large normal group-velocity dispersion have recently achieved femtosecond pulse durations with energies and peak powers at least an order of magnitude greater than those of prior approaches. Several new mode-locking regimes have been demonstrated, including self-similar pulse propagation in passive and active fibers, dissipative solitons, and a pulse evolution that avoids wave breaking at high peak power but has not been reproduced by theoretical treatment. Here, we illustrate the main features of these new pulse-shaping mechanisms through the results of numerical simulations that agree with experimental results. We describe the features that distinguish each new mode-locking state and explain how the interplay of basic processes in the fiber produces the balance of amplitude and phase evolutions needed for stable high-energy pulses. Dissipative processes such as spectral filtering play a major role in normal-dispersion mode locking. Understanding the different mechanisms allows us to compare and contrast them, as well as to categorize them to some extent. PMID:22899881

  14. Q-switched laser prelase detection circuit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lockard, George E.

    1991-01-01

    A compact electronic circuit was developed to detect prelasing in Q-swithed pulsed laser systems and once detected to shut down the laser before the next laser pulse occurs. The circuit is small, compact, and uses a minimum of components which makes it quite economical, thus readily lending itself to commercial applications. It can easily be incorporated into virtually any Q-switched laser system or reliability of a laser system by reducing a source of possible costly optical damage. The circuit operation and instrument requirements necessary to incorporate the circuit into a laser system are discussed.

  15. Dual wavelength Q-switched cascade laser.

    PubMed

    Li, Jianfeng; Hu, Tomonori; Jackson, Stuart D

    2012-06-15

    A diode-cladding-pumped dual wavelength Q-switched Ho3+-doped fluoride cascade fiber laser operating in the mid-infrared is demonstrated. Stable pulse trains from the (5)I6 → (5)I7 and (5)I7 → (5)I8 laser transitions were produced, and the μs-level time delay between the pulses from each transition was dependent on the pump power. At maximum pump power and at an acousto-optic modulator repetition rate of 25 kHz, the (5)I6 → (5)I7 transition pulse operated at 3.005 μm, a pulse energy of 29 μJ, and a pulse width of 380 ns; the (5)I7 → (5)I8 transition pulse correspondingly produced 7 μJ pulse energy and 260 ns pulse width at 2.074 μm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a Q-switched fiber laser operating beyond 3 μm.

  16. Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser.

    PubMed

    Song, Yu Feng; Zhang, Han; Tang, Ding Yuan; Shen, De Yuan

    2012-11-19

    Polarization rotation vector solitons formed in a fiber laser passively mode locked with atomic layer graphene were experimentally investigated. It was found that different from the case of the polarization locked vector soliton formed in the laser, two extra sets of spectral sidebands always appear on the soliton spectrum of the polarization rotating vector solitons. We confirm that the new sets of spectral sidebands have the same formation mechanism as that of the Kelly sidebands.

  17. Short pulse fiber lasers mode-locked by carbon nanotubes and graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Shinji; Martinez, Amos; Xu, Bo

    2014-12-01

    One and two dimensional forms of carbon, carbon nanotubes and graphene, have interesting and useful, not only electronic but also photonic, properties. For fiber lasers, they are very attractive passive mode lockers for ultra-short pulse generation, since they have saturable absorption with inherently fast recovery time (<1 ps). In this paper, we review the photonic properties of graphene and CNT and our recent works on fabrication of fiber devices and applications to ultra-short pulse mode-locked fiber lasers.

  18. Analysis of the stability of an active mode-locking pulsed laser for ultra-short pulses generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bracamontes Rodríguez, Y. E.; Beltrán Pérez, G.; Kuzin, Eugin; Castillo Mixcóatl, J.; Muñoz Aguirre, S.

    2013-11-01

    Pulsed lasers have become very important owing to the great amount of applications, from communications to diverse medicine areas. Many works have reported the development of these kinds of sources which uses quite complex cavity configurations and that present instabilities in the output signal. In this work the analysis of a pulsed laser that uses a ring cavity with a length of 16.5 m is presented. A phase modulator (LiNbO3) controlled by an RF generator operated at a frequency of 12.5108 MHz was used to perform the mode lock. The modulator input has a birrefringent fiber then the light polarization affects the mode lock. Therefore it was necessary to perform an analysis and characterization in the input and output signals of the modulator in order to obtain more stable output pulses without requiring a continuous adjustment. The laser implemented with 2 modes of operation, active mode-lock and passive mode-lock. The obtained pulses whit temporal width of 7 ns FWHM for the frequency fundamental 12.5108 MHz and 781 -261-120-116 ps for the harmonic 5-10-16-20 .The results for the passive mode-lock the obtained pulses whit temporal width 2 ps and average power 200 W.

  19. Optically-induced switching between mode-locked and unmode-locked continuous wave regimes of a femtosecond Cr4+:forsterite laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walsh, D. A.; Crombie, C. E.; Sibbett, W.; Brown, C. T. A.; Savitski, V. G.; Burns, D.; Calvez, S.

    2012-06-01

    The ability to control the temporal output from a femtosecond laser can enable the same laser to be used for multiple functions, for example, the laser used in an optical tweezers system could be used as a constant-intensity source to trap a biological cell and then be temporarily switched to mode-locked operation to effect photoporation. Here, we report the rapid switching of a Cr4+:forsterite laser between mode-locked and unmode-locked continuous wave (CW) regimes via the optical pumping of an intracavity SESAM element. Mode-locking of the laser was initiated by an intracavity quantum well (GaInAsN) SESAM having an anti-resonant design (ΔR~0.3%, λPL~1310nm) that yielded transform-limited 89fs pulses centered around 1296nm with a repetition rate of 162MHz at an average power of 64mW. Upon excitation of the SESAM with 600mW of extra-cavity power from an 808nm semiconductor diode laser, switching could be induced between the unmode-locked and mode-locked regimes. Transitions free of Q-switching or relaxation oscillations were observed with <200μs switching times for both for the initiation and cessation of mode-locking. Periods of mode-locked operation of custom duration could be produced by appropriate control of the SESAM pump diode enabling the generation of bursts of pulses as short as 400μs. Switching was confirmed to originate from local pump-induced heating of the SESAM by observing the laser going through identical regime switching when the chip temperature of the 'unpumped' SESAM was raised by ~20°C.

  20. Coexistence and interaction of vector and bound vector solitons in a dispersion-managed fiber laser mode locked by graphene.

    PubMed

    Song, Y F; Zhang, H; Zhao, L M; Shen, D Y; Tang, D Y

    2016-01-25

    We report on the experimental observation of vector and bound vector solitons in a fiber laser passively mode locked by graphene. Localized interactions between vector solitons, vector soliton with bound vector solitons, and vector soliton with a bunch of vector solitons are experimentally investigated. We show that depending on the soliton interactions, various stable and dynamic multiple vector soliton states could be formed.