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Sample records for petr nemeek alena

  1. [The situational diagnosis of the medical units of Petróleos Mexicanos].

    PubMed

    García-Romero, H; Cordera-Pastor, A; Vargas-Martínez, J

    1993-01-01

    The Medical Service Management of Petróleos Mexicanos developed a situational diagnosis of 30 medical units in 1992. This evaluation covered 94 per cent of the institutional population. The basis for this evaluation was a formulary with more than 70 per cent closed questions and instructions with explicit explanations about them. The main points that the formulary investigated were: geography, demography, sociocultural and economics aspects, epidemiology, morbidity, mortality, preventive medicine, service availability and others. With this situational diagnosis we have been able to identify the main problems with a possible solution, presented in terms of planning, organization and execution of actions.

  2. Estimation of amount of selected pharmaceuticals sorbed onto digested sludge from wastewater treatment plant Bratislava-Petržalka.

    PubMed

    Ivanová, Lucia; Fáberová, Milota; Mackuľak, Tomáš; Grabic, Roman; Bodík, Igor

    2017-05-01

    Antibiotics and antidepressants are among the most successful drugs used for human therapy. Their concentration in influent on WWTP is relative high and there can be removed by biodegradation or sorption. The aim of this study was to define the amounts of sorbed pharmaceuticals on digested sludge from WWTP Bratislava - Petržalka. The amounts of sorbed pharmaceuticals were calculated from knowing partition coefficients for selected pharmaceuticals and from analytically measured pharmaceutical´s concentrations in sludge liquor. From this calculation were estimated the one-year sorbed amount of pharmaceutical onto sludge from wastewater treatment plant Petržalka (26,066g/y for ciprofloxacin, 756g/y for azithromycin, 647g/y for clarithromycin, 445g/y for venlafaxine and 148g/y for citalopram). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Revisión de tecnología y riesgos: refinerías de petróleo - Hoja informativa para las comunidades

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    La Agencia de Protección Ambiental (EPA, por sus siglas en inglés) emitió un reglamento final que mejorará significativamente la calidad del aire en los vecindarios cercanos a las refinerías de petróleo mediante un control más exhaustivo de las emisiones a

  4. Normas finales de desempeño para fuentes nuevas y revisión de tecnología y riesgos del sector de refinería de petróleo-resumen de cambios

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    La Agencia de Protección Ambiental (EPA, por sus siglas en inglés) emitió un reglamento final que mejorará significativamente la calidad del aire en los vecindarios cercanos a las refinerías de petróleo mediante un control más exhaustivo de las emisiones a

  5. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Spanish Version of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (Petróczi, 2002)

    PubMed Central

    Morente-Sánchez, Jaime; Femia-Marzo, Pedro; Zabala, Mikel

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish version of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS). A cross-sectional multi-sample survey with 17 independent datasets was carried out. Cross-cultural adaptation of the PEAS into Spanish was conducted through forward/backward translations, consensus panels and comparative analyses of known-groups to establish evidence for its reliability and validity. Weighted Kappa coefficients with quadratic weighting were used to assess the reliability of each item, with Cronbach’s internal consistency coefficients for overall scale’s reliability and Spearman’s correlation coefficient for test–retest reliability over a one-week period. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to assess the scale’s structure. Differences between self-admitted doping users and non-users were analysed to verify the PEAS’ construct validity in 8 datasets. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was also used to assess the relationships between the PEAS and self-esteem, self-efficacy and perceived descriptive norm to establish convergent validity. The scale showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency (α = 0.71–0.85), reliability of each item (Kappa values range 0.34-0.64) and temporal stability (r = 0.818; p < 0.001). CFA showed acceptable fit (RMSEA <0.08, mean RMSEA = 0.055; χ2/df < 3, mean χ2/df = 1.89) for all but one samples. As expected, self-admitted doping users showed more positive attitude toward doping than non-users. Significant and strong negative relationship was found between PEAS and self-efficacy; weak negative correlation with self-esteem and and positive correlation with perceived descriptive norm. The Spanish version of PEAS showed satisfactory psychometric properties. Considerations for application and improvement are outlined. Key points First study that crosses culturally adapted the PEAS to the Spanish language. The Spanish version of PEAS has satisfactory psychometric properties. Users scored higher than non-users indicating a satisfactory construct validity. Significant positive correlation was found between PEAS and projected use. Significant negative correlation between PEAS and self-esteem and self-efficacy. PMID:24790501

  6. Evaluacion de los recursos potenciales del petroleo y gas, en Centro y Suramerica [Evaluation of potential petroleum and gas resources in Central and South America

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schenk, C.S.

    2001-01-01

    El Servicio Geológico de los Estados Unidos (USGS, por sus siglas en inglés) completó recientemente un estudio evaluativo de recursos potenciales de petróleo y gas en 130 provincias de petróleo seleccionadas en diferentes partes del mundo (USGS, 2000). De estas 130 provincias, 23 se encuentran en Suramérica, Centroamérica, y la región del Caribe (fig. 1). El estudio comprendió desde las provincias de petróleo establecidas con un largo historial de producción, como la Cuenca de Maracaibo, hasta las provincias fronterizas de poca o ninguna producción, como la Cuenca de Guyana-Suriname. No todas las provincias con historial de producción o con potencial de producción fueron evaluadas en el Estudio Evaluativo USGS 2000. Al presente, el USGS está evaluando muchas de las provincias restantes de petróleo y gas, en Centro y Suramérica. En cada provincia hemos (1) definido geológicamente el total de los sistemas de petróleo, (2) definido las unidades evaluadas que forman parte de todos los sistemas de petróleo, y (3) evaluado el volumen potencial de petróleo y gas convencional en cada unidad evaluada. Definimos un total de 26 sistemas de petróleo y 55 unidades evaluadas en las 23 provincias

  7. Coulombic dragging of molecular assemblies on nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kral, Petr; Sint, Kyaw; Wang, Boyang

    2009-03-01

    We show by molecular dynamics simulations that polar molecules, ions and their assemblies could be Coulombically dragged on the surfaces of single-wall carbon and boron-nitride nanotubes by ionic solutions or individual ions moving inside the nanotubes [1,2]. We also briefly discuss highly selective ionic sieves based on graphene monolayers with nanopores [3]. These phenomena could be applied in molecular delivery, separation and desalination.[3pt] [1] Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, JACS 128, 15984 (2006). [0pt] [2] Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 046103 (2008). [0pt] [3] Kyaw Sint, Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, JACS, ASAP (2008).

  8. Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH): ToxFAQs

    MedlinePlus

    ... a state: This map displays locations where Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) is known to be present. On ... I get more information? ToxFAQs TM for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) ( Hidrocarburos Totales de Petróleo (TPH) ) August ...

  9. Trends in biolubricant development

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Biolubricants are those formulated from components that are derived from renewable raw materials. This distinguishes biolubricants from the majority of lubricants currently in the global market whose ingredients are derived from petroleum. Biolubricants also are easily biodegradable compared to petr...

  10. Type specimens of centipedes (Myriapoda, Chilopoda) in the National Museum, Prague (Czech Republic)

    PubMed Central

    Dolejš, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The centipede collection in the National Museum in Prague contains type material of 16 taxa (14 species and two subspecies), of which 15 were described by Luděk J. Dobroruka and one by Karl W. Verhoeff: Allothereua wilsonae Dobroruka, 1979; Chinobius alenae Dobroruka, 1980; Lithobius corrigendus Dobroruka, 1988; Lithobius creticus Dobroruka, 1977; Lithobius erythrocephalus mohelensis Dobroruka, 1959; Lithobius evae Dobroruka, 1958; Lithobius magurensis Dobroruka, 1971; Lithobius purkynei Dobroruka, 1957; Lithobius tatricus Dobroruka, 1958; Lithobius tatricus monounguis Dobroruka, 1958; Monotarsobius homolaci Dobroruka, 1971; Monotarsobius krali Dobroruka, 1979; Pachymerium dilottiae Dobroruka, 1976; Pachymerium hanzaki Dobroruka, 1976; Scolopendra aztecorum Verhoeff, 1934 and Strigamia olympica Dobroruka, 1977. Of these 16 taxa, five were described from the Czech Republic, three from Slovakia and eight from other countries (Greece, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Nepal, Russia and Uzbekistan). The eight taxa described from the Czech and Slovak Republics are now considered as junior synonyms but the eight taxa described from the other countries are still valid. PMID:26257531

  11. Carbon-based ion and molecular channels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sint, Kyaw; Wang, Boyang; Kral, Petr

    2008-03-01

    We design ion and molecular channels based on layered carboneous materials, with chemically-functionalized pore entrances. Our molecular dynamics simulations demonstrate that these ultra-narrow pores, with diameters around 1 nm, are highly selective to the charges and sizes of the passing (Na^+ and Cl^-) ions and short alkanes. We demonstrate that the molecular flows through these pores can be easily controlled by electrical and mechanical means. These artificial pores could be integrated in fluidic nanodevices and lab-on-a-chip techniques with numerous potential applications. [1] Kyaw Sint, Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, submitted. [2] Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, JACS 128, 15984 (2006).

  12. An Exploration of the Roles of Communication Apprehension, Online Technology Self-Efficacy, and Retention in an Online Public Speaking Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Carla Sulivant

    2012-01-01

    Although the growth rate of online learning continues to increase, online courses are yielding higher attrition rates compared to traditional learning courses (Carswell, Thomas, Petre, Price, & Richards, 2000; Clark & Jones, 2001; Nash, 2005; Park & Choi, 2009). The literature has previously linked online technology self-efficacy and…

  13. Brazil for Sale? Does Sino-Brazilian Trade or Investment Significantly Influence Brazil’s United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Voting Pattern?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    are projects with Petróleo Brasileiro ( Petrobras ), Brazil’s state-owned oil company; Embraco, a Brazilian compressor manufacturer; Embraer, a Brazilian...such as Petrobras and Embaer, an aircraft manufacturer. Brazil also has a capable banking sector that has a growing interest in China.95

  14. Antioxidants for improving storage stability of biodiesel

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel made from vegetable oil or animal fat that may be burned in a compression-ignition (diesel) engine. The chemical nature of biodiesel makes it more susceptible to oxidation or autoxidation during long-term storage than conventional petroleum-based diesel (petr...

  15. DNA adducts induced by in vitro activation of diesel and biodiesel exhaust extracts

    EPA Science Inventory

    The abstract reports the results of studies assessing the relative DNA damage potential of extracts of exhaust particles resulting from the combustion of petroleum diesel, biodiesel, and petroleum diesel-biodiesel blends. Results indicate that the commercially available B20 petr...

  16. Free field representation of the ZF algebra of the SU(N)  ×  SU(N) PCF model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frolov, Sergey

    2017-09-01

    A free field representation of the Zamolodchikov-Faddeev algebra of the SU(N)  ×  SU(N) principal chiral field model is constructed, and used to derive an integral representation for form factors of a multi-parameter family of exponential fields. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish

  17. An Exploration of the Roles of Communication Apprehension, Online Technology Self-Efficacy, and Retention in an Online Public Speaking Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Carla Sulivant

    2012-01-01

    Although the growth rate of online learning continues to increase, online courses are yielding higher attrition rates compared to traditional learning courses (Carswell, Thomas, Petre, Price, & Richards, 2000; Clark & Jones, 2001; Nash, 2005; Park & Choi, 2009). The literature has previously linked online technology self-efficacy and…

  18. DNA adducts induced by in vitro activation of diesel and biodiesel exhaust extracts

    EPA Science Inventory

    The abstract reports the results of studies assessing the relative DNA damage potential of extracts of exhaust particles resulting from the combustion of petroleum diesel, biodiesel, and petroleum diesel-biodiesel blends. Results indicate that the commercially available B20 petr...

  19. Preparing Doctoral Candidates for the Viva: Issues for Students and Supervisors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Jacqueline H.

    2012-01-01

    The PhD viva has been described as mysterious (Burnham 1994; Morley et al. 2002), unpredictable (Rugg & Petre 2004) and potentially frightening for students (Delamont et al. 2004), with its form and duration a function of the predilections of individual examiners as well as a function of differences across disciplines. Despite its myriad…

  20. A Catalog of Visual Double and Multiple Stars With Eclipsing Components

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    V., & Demircan, O. 2004, A&A, 417, 263 Carrier, F., North, P., Udry, S., & Babel , J. 2002, A&A, 394, 151 Celikel, R., & Eryurt-Ezer, D. 1989, Ap&SS...Kellerer, A., Petr-Gotzens, M. G., Kervella, P., & Coudé Du Foresto, V. 2007, A&A, 469, 633 Kopal, Z. 1978, Astrophysics and Space Science Library

  1. Improving 18F-Fluoro-D-Glucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Imaging in Alzheimer's Disease Studies

    PubMed Central

    Knešaurek, Karin

    2015-01-01

    The goal was to improve Alzheimer's 2-deoxy-2-18F-fluoro-D-glucose (18F FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging through application of a novel, hybrid Fourier-wavelet windowed Fourier transform (WFT) restoration technique, in order to provide earlier and more accurate clinical results. General Electric Medical Systems downward-looking sonar PET/CT 16 slice system was used to acquire studies. Patient data were acquired according the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) protocol. Here, we implemented Fourier-wavelet regularized restoration, with a Butterworth low-pass filter, order n = 6 and a cut-off frequency f = 0.35 cycles/pixel and wavelet (Daubechies, order 2) noise suppression. The original (PET-O) and restored (PET-R) ADNI subject PET images were compared using the Alzheimer's discrimination analysis by dedicated software. Forty-two PET/CT scans were used in the study. They were performed on eleven ADNI subjects at intervals of approximately 6 months. The final clinical diagnosis was used as a gold standard. For three subjects, the final clinical diagnosis was mild cognitive impairment and those 13 PET/CT studies were not included in the final comparison, as the result was considered as inconclusive. Using the reminding 29 PET/CT studies (23 AD and 6 normal), the sensitivity and specificity of the PET-O and PET-R were calculated. The sensitivity was 0.65 and 0.96 for PET-O and PET-R, respectively, and the specificity was 0.67 and 0.50 for PET-O and PET-R. The accuracy was 0.66 and 0.86 for PET-O and PET-R, respectively. The results of the study demonstrated that the accuracy of three-dimensional brain F-18 FDG PET images was significantly improved by Fourier-wavelet restoration filtering. PMID:26420987

  2. Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes

    SciTech Connect

    ALena Paulenova; George F. Vandegrift, III; Kenneth R. Czerwinski

    2009-10-01

    The project "Plutonium Chemistry in the UREX+ Separation Processes” is led by Dr. Alena Paulenova of Oregon State University under collaboration with Dr. George Vandegrift of ANL and Dr. Ken Czerwinski of the University of Nevada at Las Vegas. The objective of the project is to examine the chemical speciation of plutonium in UREX+ (uranium/tributylphosphate) extraction processes for advanced fuel technology. Researchers will analyze the change in speciation using existing thermodynamics and kinetic computer codes to examine the speciation of plutonium in aqueous and organic phases. They will examine the different oxidation states of plutonium to find the relative distribution between the aqueous and organic phases under various conditions such as different concentrations of nitric acid, total nitrates, or actinide ions. They will also utilize techniques such as X-ray absorbance spectroscopy and small-angle neutron scattering for determining plutonium and uranium speciation in all separation stages. The project started in April 2005 and is scheduled for completion in March 2008.

  3. Exosphere generation of the Moon investigated through a high-energy neutral detector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milillo, Anna; Mangano, Valeria; Mura, Alessandro; Orsini, Stefano; de Angelis, Elisabetta; di Lellis, Andrea M.; Massetti, Stefano; Plainaki, Christina; Rispoli, Rosanna; Selci, Stefano; Vertolli, Nello

    2011-10-01

    Observation of the lunar exosphere is a tool for remote sensing of the surface properties. The sources of this exosphere are related to the interactions of the lunar surface with the solar radiation, with the solar wind or Earth's magnetospheric plasma, and with the interplanetary dust and meteorites. In fact, the exospheric particles are continuously created and subsequently lost in the interplanetary space, photo-ionized or re-adsorbed by the surface. Eventually, the estimation of the surface composition is not possible without the knowledge of the active release mechanisms. The relative weight of the different release processes of the various atoms, ions and molecules from the surface is still an open debate. Investigation of the Moon's release processes and interaction with the near-Earth environment is of crucial importance for both determining the relative process release contribution and understanding the surface evolution of other airless bodies, like Mercury and the giant planets' moons. In this work, an attempt to analyze the processes that take place on the surface of these small airless bodies, as a result of their exposure to the space environment, has been realized by means of the MonteCarlo Environment Simulation Tool (EST), applied to the Moon. The model results show that the different release processes can be identified by analysing the exospheric energy distribution. Finally, the instrument concept of the "Analizzatore Lunare di ENA" (ALENA), part of the MAGIA payload and specifically designed for detecting the high-energy particles released from the lunar surface is presented.

  4. Capture and Concentration of Waterborne Pathogens Using Lectin and Antibody Coupled Magnetic Beads

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, Alena M.; Ozanich, Rich M.

    2005-01-01

    Capture and Concentration of Waterborne Pathogens Using Lectin and Antibody Coupled Magnetic Beads. ALENA BENNETT (University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA, 98416) RICHARD M. OZANICH, JR. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352). The primary challenge of the surveillance of natural and introduced biological threats in large water samples is the purification and concentration process. A method for simultaneously capturing many types of biological pathogens is desired. Lectins coupled with magnetic beads were studied due to their ability to bind to the carbohydrates on the surfaces of cells. With lectin coupled beads we attempted to trap Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Brevundimonas diminuta. Also E. coli antibody coupled beads were tested for their effectiveness at concentrating E. coli cells. Bench top indirect and direct cell capture methods were studied for both lectins and antibodies. The indirect method was found to be more effective for cell concentration. Experiments are underway to understand the differences in the two approaches and improve the direct capture method for implementation on an online automated system.

  5. Distant-ion dragging of polarizable nanodroplets and solvated DNA on nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Boyang; Kral, Petr

    2008-03-01

    Long distance Coulombic coupling allows efficient molecular dragging at the nanoscale by moving electrons, ions and molecules [1]. We use molecular dynamics simulations to show that ions intercalated inside semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) can be solvated in polarizable nanodroplets adsorbed on the SWNTs, and the coupled systems can be dragged by electric fields [2]. We also demonstrate that solvated single-strand DNA molecules adsorbed on SWNTs can be driven by ionic solutions flowing inside the tubes. These phenomena could be applied in molecular delivery, separation, desalination and be integrated in modern lab-on-a-chip technologies. [1] Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, JACS 128, 15984 (2006). [2] Boyang Wang and Petr Kral, submitted.

  6. [Semen parameters in fertile men from two South American populations].

    PubMed

    Berdugo, Jesus; Andrade-Rocha, Fernando; Cardona-Maya, Walter

    2009-10-01

    This retrospective study compared semen parameters from fertile men of two South American cities (Medellín-Colombia and Petrópolis-Brazil) to investigate their differences in some semen parameters. We evaluated semen volume using a graduated tube, total progressive motility (a + b) using light microscopy (40X) and sperm concentration using a Neubauer Counting Chamber. We observed that fertile men from Medellín presented a significantly lower volume (p<0.0001), whereas individuals from Petrópolis presented a significantly lower percentage of total progressive motility (p<0.0001). On the other hand, no difference was found in sperm concentration (p>0.05). In conclusion, this study showed differences in semen parameters between fertile men of these South American populations. We think that these differences could be attributed to the geographical variations, like those observed in other countries. However, new studies are required to investigate this phenomenon and their causes.

  7. USSR Report, Political and Sociological Affairs, No. 1297, Current Political Issues.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    of Aleksandr Matrosov and Agadil Sukhambayev, Nikolay Gastello and Nurken Abdirov, Ivan Pavlov and Tulegen Tokhtarov, Ivan Kozhedub and Sergey...historic necessity of this union dates back to the remote antiquity, to the times of Kievan Russia, Dmitriy Donskoy, Ivan the Terrible, and Peter the First...major expeditions headed by Petr Pallas, Ivan Lepekhin, and Samuel Gmelin. Schools, high schools, and teachers’ seminars began to be opened in

  8. East Europe Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-10

    Regulations (Katalin Szoghy; HUNGARIAN DIGEST , No 4, 1986) 54 . i KOMMUNIST Praises Kadar’s ’Solid Marxist Policies’ (Petr N. Fedosejev; NEPSZABADSAG, 2...good varieties of sheep, hogs and broiler chickens have been obtained with very good useful traits. Many more examples of this kind may be given...POLITICS HUNGARY PROGRAM ANNOUNCED TO COORDINATE LEGISLATION, REGULATIONS Budapest HUNGARIAN DIGEST in English No 4, 1986 pp 55-57 [Article by Katalin

  9. Commission 42: Close Binaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rucinski, Slavek M.; Ribas, Ignasi; Giménez, Alvaro; Harmanec, Petr; Hilditch, Ronald W.; Kaluzny, Janusz; Niarchos, Panayiotis; Nordström, Birgitta; Oláh, Katalin; Richards, Mercedes T.; Scarfe, Colin D.; Sion, Edward M.; Torres, Guillermo; Vrielmann, Sonja

    2010-05-01

    During the commission business session, the past President presented the new Organizing Committee which was selected by the OC through a e-mail vote conducted during the months before the Rio de Janeiro General Assembly. The new OC will consist of Ignasi Ribas (President), Mercedes Richards (Vice President), and Slavek Rucinski (Past President) with the members: David Bradstreet, Petr Harmanec, Janusz Kaluzny, Joanna Mikolajewska, Ulisse Munari, Panos Niarchos, Katalin Olah, Theo Pribulla, Colin Scarfe and Guillermo Torres.

  10. JPRS Report, East Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-21

    asked for their collabora- tion (Ion Mihalache , Gr. Iunian, N. Titulescu, T. Teodorescu-Braniste, Mihai Ralea, Petre Pandrea, Con- stants Visoianu...came out of hospital, Gr. Iunian (who had spoken about the incident in the Assembly of Deputies) advised me to appeal to Ion Mihalache , who at the...shrugged his shoul- ders helplessly and quoted a saying from Anton Pann: "If you can’t do anything, why seek trouble." Ion Mihalache knew only too

  11. International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Aquatic Plants. Volume 31

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    Biochemists, Inc., 6120 W. Douglas Ave., Tomislav Petr - Food and Agriculture Organization, Fisheries De- Milwaukee, WI 53218. partment (FIRI), 00100 Rome...Environmental Studies, Depart- Kenneth Scott - Santee Cooper, I Riverwood Dr., Moncks Corner, ment of Chemistry , University of South Florida, Tampa, FL...secondary activities of aquatic plant manage- The California Department of Food and Agriculture, ment? This, I think, is much tougher to figure out. On the

  12. JPRS Report, Arms Control.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Petr Miller told the press conference that the government decree on regulated payments for exceeding labour costs...ini- tiative of the Soviet Union ahead, as it were, of the scheduled convening of all-European conferences initi- ated in 1975 in Helsinki. The next... conference had been scheduled for 1992. But it was anticipated by a special meeting timed to coincide with the completion of the elaboration of

  13. Scalar products of Bethe vectors in models with \\mathfrak{g}\\mathfrak{l}(2|1) symmetry 2. Determinant representation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutsalyuk, A.; Liashyk, A.; Pakuliak, S. Z.; Ragoucy, E.; Slavnov, N. A.

    2017-01-01

    We study integrable models with gl(2|1) symmetry and solvable by nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. We obtain a determinant representation for scalar products of Bethe vectors, when the Bethe parameters obey some relations weaker than the Bethe equations. This representation allows us to find the norms of on-shell Bethe vectors and obtain determinant formulas for form factors of the diagonal entries of the monodromy matrix. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  14. Estimativas de possiveis recursos de petroleo e gas na America Central e na America do Sul [Estimates of possible petroleum and gas resources in Central American and South America

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schenk, C.S.

    2001-01-01

    O U.S. Geological Survey recentemente completou estimativas de possíveis recursos de petróleo e gás em 130 áreas petrolíferas pré-determinadas no mundo (USGS, 2000). Vinte e três destas áreas ficam na América do Sul, na América Central, e no Caribe (fig. 1). Os resultados estão apresentados na tabela 1. Nas 23 áreas, estimamos um total de 105 BBO e um total de 487 TCFG. A região composta de América Central mais América do Sul ficou em terceiro lugar no mundo em termos de possíveis recursos de petróleo e gás. No primeiro lugar ficou o Oriente Médio e no segundo lugar ficou a antiga União Soviética (USGS, 2000). As áreas com maiores probabilidades de encontrar depósitos gigantes de petróleo e gás se localizam nas áreas do Oceano Atlântico começando com a Bacia de Santos no sul até a Bacia Guyana-Suriname no norte. As possibilidades de existirem depósitos gigantes são maiores nas áreas submersas do mar até profundidades de 3,600 m. Diversos depósitos gigantes de petróleo foram descobertos no mar na Bacia de Campos e ainda podem serem encontrados depósitos similares na Bacia de Campos e suas imediações.

  15. X-ray emission from supergiant shell in the LMC.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bomans, D. J.; Chu, Y.-H.; Magnier, E. A.; Points, S.

    1996-02-01

    The authors have used the Snowden & Petre (1995) mosaics of pointed ROSAT PSPC observations of the Large Magellanic Cloud to study the X-ray characteristics of supergiant shells. Diffuse soft X-ray emission above the background is detected in all of the well-defined supergiant shells. The observed large range of X-ray properties can be explained by differential obscuration, temperature and density differences, and localized heating by supernova remnants.

  16. USSR Report, Energy, No. 154.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-07-21

    mooring facilities and tank farms in the vicinity of Shevchenko. Neftyanyye Kamni: "Replacing Steam," by Yu. Arutyunov, Chief, Capital Construc...foremen, mechanics and signal men came into the cabin of the unit head. The last preparations for the trip were underway. Captain Petr Alekseyev...platforms, will be supplemented by another mobile unit of the semisubmersible type. It is now being built at the ship- yards of the Astrakhan

  17. What Should a Future Warrior be Prepared for?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    i WHAT SHOULD A FUTURE WARRIOR BE PREPARED FOR? CSC 1997 Subject Area – Topical Issues EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Title: What...should a future warrior be prepared for? Author: Major Petr Miller, The Czech Republic Army Thesis: Although the challenge for us is to...fulfill future military forces’ requirements, we do not prepare ourselves correctly for possible operations. Background: We know that our primary

  18. JPRS Report, East Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-30

    with Vice Chairman of the CSSR Federal emerge in the CSR [Czech Socialist Republic] and SSR Assembly Zdenek Jicinsky by Rudolf Zeman ; place and [Slovak...34Stations of the Cross of the year I was jailed for distributing pamphlets before the Coachman," Jiri Grusa’s "The Questionnaire," Milan elections and...maternity hospital at the Uhde, with Petr Kral editing it in Paris; for the time Vegetable Market in Brno where they treated me well being Jiri Grusa

  19. Effect of Refining Variables on the Properties and Composition of JP-5.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-11-01

    Strategi(_ Petr(. eum Reserve blends identifed here as Blends I and 2, respectively. Basically, the SPR crudes are segregated according to gravity and...G 04J- U (A 0 C .C V ll 0." IV5. td )=> 0 C41 a U4)( .3. ~ > 4.. V D 011 5-" -- W~.. CL) . "- L.- 00 L.4 05 0 40U J-4 09-C 0 C4 L -r- 0.-.@ M"L> C 1 o

  20. Insufficient Evidence Supports the Use of Low-Level Laser Therapy to Accelerate Tooth Movement, Prevent Orthodontic Relapse, and Modulate Acute Pain During Orthodontic Treatment.

    PubMed

    Farsaii, Adrian; Al-Jewair, Thikriat

    2017-09-01

    Efficacy of low-level laser therapy in accelerating tooth movement, preventing relapse and managing acute pain during orthodontic treatment in humans: A systematic review. Sonesson M, De Geer E, Subraian J, Petrén S. BMC Oral Health 2017;17:11. No funding was obtained for this study TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Bethe ansatz and exact form factors of the O(6) Gross Neveu-model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Babujian, Hrachya M.; Foerster, Angela; Karowski, Michael

    2017-08-01

    The isomorphism SU(4)≃ O(6) is used to construct the form factors of the O(6) Gross-Neveu model as bound state form factors of the SU(4) chiral Gross-Neveu model. This technique is generalized and is then applied to use the O(6) as the starting point of the nesting procedure to obtain the O(N) form factors for general even N. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  2. East Europe Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-08

    finished also for building a Bulgarian-Soviet association for producing flowers and decorative plants as well as a joint Soviet- Bulgarian scientific...modernization in order to improve their operational reliability, finished textile goods and the output by fully atuomated operation, particularly by...to 12 am. What kind of nonsense is this? They should have been finished with their inventory in 20 minutes. Petr Jufena „Co je to za volovinu

  3. Selenium content in sulfide ores from the Chalkidiki peninsula, Greece.

    PubMed

    Nicolaidou, A E

    1998-01-01

    Selenium (Se) was assessed in galena, sphalerite, and pyrite samples. These are components of mixed sulfide ores from the Olympias and Madem Lakkos-Mavres Petres deposits and the Skouries porphyry-copper deposit. We used atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) with a hydride generator system. The highest concentration of Se (516 ppm) was found in the fine-grained galena at the -135 level of the Olympias deposits. In the Madem Lakkos-Mavres Petres deposit, the highest concentration of Se (33 ppm) was found in the pyrites of the level 30. The concentration of Se in the arsenopyrites and chalcopyrites is lower than the detection limit of the analytical method (< 100 ppb). The concentrated chalcopyrite from the porphyry copper deposit at Skouries exhibits a significant Se content (average 200 ppm) in contrast to the chalcopyrite from the Olympias and the Madem Lakkos-Mavres Petres. Variations in the Se content of the sulfide minerals studied could be caused by redox-pH and/or temperature conditions, as well as by the difference in crystal structure. The Se found in the areas studied may positively affect the environment. Sulfide minerals are oxidized by microorganisms, infiltrate in the soil-water in the form of selenate or selenite ion, and directly or indirectly influence the human organism.

  4. Conjoined twins: scientific cinema and Pavlovian physiology.

    PubMed

    Krementsov, Nikolai

    2015-01-01

    Through the lens of a 1957 documentary film, "Neural and humoral factors in the regulation of bodily functions (research on conjoined twins)," produced by the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, this essay traces the entwined histories of Soviet physiology, studies of conjoined twins and scientific cinema. It examines the role of Ivan Pavlov and his students, including Leonid Voskresenkii, Dmitrii Fursikov and Petr Anokhin, in the development of "scientific film" as a particular cinematographic genre in Soviet Russia and explores numerous puzzles hidden behind the film's striking visuals. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Introduction to Electrochemical Impedance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-24

    in polar coordinates and Z’ and Z" in Cartesian coordinates. Algebra has a special way of expressing "two-component numbers" as complex numbers. This...test is a small batch file that invokes a BASICA program and loads P STAT.BAS program in it. By replacing test with atwill, the program at-will will be...SYSTEM. This will end the BASICA program, return the computer to DOS and consequently, return to Z-PLOT. Petr Vantsek Introduction to impedance 55 23

  6. The fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) described by Theodor Becker from Iran and Western China revisited in the collections of the Zoological Institute, Saint-Petersburg and Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin.

    PubMed

    Korneyev, Severyn V; Korneyev, Valery A

    2017-01-31

    The type specimens of fruit flies described by Dr. Theodor Becker based on material collected in China (Xinjiang and Xizang) and Iran by Russian expeditions directed by Petr Kozlov and Mykola Zarudny are listed and figured. They are deposited in the collection of the Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg with some duplicates in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin. Current concepts of the species, their morphological characters (illustrated by photographs of type specimens), current condition, and nomenclature are discussed.

  7. Erratum to "Predicting sulphur and nitrogen deposition using a simple statistical method" [Atmos. Environ. 140 (2016) 456-468

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oulehle, Filip; Kopáček, Jiří; Chuman, Tomáš; Černohous, Vladimír; Hůnová, Iva; Hruška, Jakub; Krám, Pavel; Lachmanová, Zora; Navrátil, Tomáš; Štěpánek, Petr; Tesař, Miroslav; Evans, Christopher D.

    2016-10-01

    The Journal regrets that the author's names were tagged incorrectly resulting in author forenames appearing as surnames. The correct author names are: Filip Oulehle, Jiří Kopáček, Tomáš Chuman, Vladimír Černohous, Iva Hůnová, Jakub Hruška, Pavel Krám, Zora Lachmanová, Tomáš Navrátil, Petr Štěpánek, Miroslav Tesař, Christopher D. Evans. The Journal would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  8. Implantation-Free 4H-SiC Bipolar Junction Transistors with Double Base Epi-layers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-14

    gain 4H-SiC NPN power bipolar junction transistor ,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 24, pp. 327-329, May 2003. [3] C.-F. Huang and J. A. Cooper...Jr., “High current gain 4H-SiC NPN Bipolar Junction Transistors ,” IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 24, pp. 396-398, Jun. 2003. [4] Sumi...Implantation-Free 4H-SiC Bipolar Junction Transistors with Double Base Epi-layers Jianhui Zhang, member, IEEE, Xueqing, Li, Petre Alexandrov

  9. 4H-SiC Power Bipolar Junction Transistor with a Very Low Specific On-resistance of 2.9 mOmega.cm2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-12

    pp1381-1382, 2004. [2] C.-F. Huang and J. A. Cooper, Jr., “High current gain 4H-SiC NPN Bipolar Junction Transistors ,” IEEE Electron Device Lett...4H-SiC Power Bipolar Junction Transistor with a Very Low Specific On-resistance of 2.9 mΩ.cm2 Jianhui Zhang, member, IEEE, Petre Alexandrov...specific on-resistance (Rsp,on) of power 4H-SiC bipolar junction transistors (BJT). A 4H-SiC BJT based on a 12 um drift-layer shows a record low

  10. [Study of the structure of the professional autonomy in nursing's social representation].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Antonio Marcos Tosoli; de Oliveira, Denize Cristina

    2005-06-01

    This study analyzed the social representation of the structure of the professional autonomy in nursing built up by nurses in the city of Petrópolis. The referential adopted was the Theory of Social Representations, in accordance to the structural approach. Data collection was carried out using the technique of free evocation from the term "profes-sional autonomy" among 83 nurses, of which 42 worked at the basic services and 41 in hospitals. Data was analyzed through the construction of the four-digit chart. The results indicate as possible central elements the terms "knowledge", "achievement" and "responsibility", and as peripheral elements "limited", "little" and "utopia".

  11. Helical assembly, liquid crystalline behavior and crystallization of a nonracemic chiral main-chain liquid crystalline polyester and its monomers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weng, Xin

    In this thesis, A non-racemic chiral main-chain liquid crystalline (LC) polyester was synthesized from (R)-(-)-4'-{o-[2-( p-hydroxy-o-nitrophenyloxy)-1-propyloxy]-1-undecyloxy}-4-biphenyl carboxylic acid via an A-B type condensation polymerization. The polymer was abbreviated as PET(R*-11) where eleven is the number of methylene units in the chain backbone. PET(R*-11) exhibited a LC chiral smectic C (SC*), a chiral smectic A (SA*) and a twist grain boundary Smectic A (TGBA*) phase with increasing temperatures as identified by differential scanning calorimetry, polarized optical microscopy, and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). Flat-elongated lamellae were observed in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for thin-film melt crystallized samples. Its crystal structure was determined to be a monoclinic basic unit cell with a = 1.03 nm, b = 0.47 nm, c = 6.43 nm and gamma = 83° via selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and these measurements were confirmed by two-dimensional WAXD fiber patterns. Furthermore, SAED results showed that two kinds of crystal twins existed in this polymer: "micro-twinning" within one single lamellar crystal and "rotation-twinning" between two lamellae. This rotation-twinning was possibly a result of a mechanism of a soft epitaxy between two contacting (001) folded surfaces along the (3¯10) planes. Right-handed helical lamellar crystals were also found under the same crystallization conditions, and their pitch lengths were on the micrometer scale as observed by TEM and atomic force microscopy. The helical crystal structure was found to be identical to that of the flat-elongated counterparts. Dendritic crystals with fractal geometry were also obtained as the result of diffusion-controlled crystal growth. The phase structures of two monomers of PET(R*-11) were studied. One of them has carboxylic acid end group (named as K11-acid), while another has ester end group (named as Kl 1-ester). Kl 1-ester does not show any LC behavior, while

  12. Evolution in the optical detection of magnetization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zapasskii, V. S.; Kozlov, G. G.

    2017-06-01

    This paper represents an extended version of the talk given at the XVI Feofilov Symposium on the spectroscopy of crystals activated by rare-earth ions and devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding physicist-spectroscopist and Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Petr Petrovich Feofilov (Saint-Petersburg, November 9–13, 2015). In this review, we briefly elucidate the development of research on the optical detection of magnetization initiated by P P Feofilov and then carried on by his disciples and followers.

  13. "Landslide at sunuapa 401 (hydrocarbon exploration well). Risk reduction by mitigation measures: drainage, piles barrier and anchorages system, shotcrete and reforestation, Chiapas, México".

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuanalo, Oscar; Polanco, Gabriel; Rivera, Julio

    2013-04-01

    We report the case of a landslide of hydrocarbon exploration well "Sunuapa 401" located in Chiapas, Mexico. First were identified the determinants and triggers factors (morphology, geology, rain, seismic and volcanic activity, human activity, etc); second we assessed the threat, vulnerability and risk from geotechnical stability analysis (safety factor and critical failure surface); third, by using the methodology of valuation factors, stabilization processes were selected and designed, and finally they were built by Petróleos Mexicanos, in order to avoid a disaster (environmental, ecological and social). These construction processes included drainage elements, flattening and benching of slopes, piles barrier and anchors, shotcrete and reforestation.

  14. An Evaluation of Mexico’s Declining Oil Production and Waning Petroleum Reserves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    en México: Pozo de Pasiones. El Debate sobre la Propuesta de Reforma Energética” (paper presented at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for...El Debate sobre la Propuesta de Reforma Energética” (paper presented at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Mexico Institute...Petreóleo en México: Pozo de Pasiones. El Debate sobre la Propuesta de Reforma Energética,” 19. 112 Ibid., 14. 113 Lourdes Melgar, “Energy Transition

  15. Radiation forces on small particles in the Solar System: A re-consideration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burns, Joseph A.; Lamy, Philippe L.; Soter, Steven

    2014-04-01

    We respond to Klačka et al. (Klačka, J., Petržala, J., Pástor, P., Kómar, L. [2014]. Icarus, this issue, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.044.), who have criticized many previous derivations of the acceleration experienced by a spherical interplanetary particle owing to the Sun’s radiation. Much of their criticism arises from differences in semantics and notation as well as effects that are unimportant at Solar System speeds. Accordingly, in the appropriate limiting cases, most published expressions for the radiation forces, such as that found in Burns et al. (Burns, J.A., Lamy, P.L., Soter, S. [1979]. Icarus 40 1-48), are correct and duplicate the results of Klačka et al. (Klačka, J., Petržala, J., Pástor, P., Kómar, L. [2014]. Icarus, this issue, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.044).

  16. Zerovalent iron and iron(VI): Effective means for the removal of psychoactive pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs from wastewaters.

    PubMed

    Mackuľak, Tomáš; Birošová, Lucia; Bodík, Igor; Grabic, Roman; Takáčová, Alžbeta; Smolinská, Miroslava; Hanusová, Anna; Híveš, Ján; Gál, Miroslav

    2016-01-01

    Herein we report the analysis of 27 selected psychoactive compounds found in the wastewater of the largest suburb in the eastern part of Central Europe Bratislava—Petržalka, Slovakia. Thirteen of them (MDMA, methamphetamine, amphetamine, THC-COOH, benzoylecgonine, codeine, tramadol, venlafaxine, oxazepam, citalopram, methadone, EDDP, cocaine) were found in concentrations above 30 ng/L. These compoundswere selected for further monitoring. The possibility of complete degradation of these 13 substances by zerovalent iron and iron(VI) was studied in thewastewater from the Petržalka treatment plant. During the week the concentration of themajority of the studied compounds inwastewaterwas stable. Concentrations of MDMA, cocaine, tramadol, and oxazepam reached significantly higher levels during the weekend.Only about 10% removal efficiency for tramadol, venlafaxine, oxazepam, MDMA, citalopram, methadone, and EDDP was observed at the treatment plant. In contrast, methamphetamine, amphetamine, and codeine were removed with 68%, 83%, and 53% efficiency, respectively. The degradation of synthetic drugs (methamphetamine, cocaine, MDMA) in wastewater is limited, while cannabis (of natural biological origin) is degradedwith efficiency greater than 90%. After utilization of the Fenton reaction, its modification, and use of ferrate(VI), a high efficiency of eliminating all of these substances to values below the limit of detection was achieved.

  17. Still red light for red light cameras? An update.

    PubMed

    Høye, Alena

    2013-06-01

    The present study has replicated the results from a previous meta-analysis by Erke (2009) [Erke, A., 2009. Red light for red-light cameras? A meta-analysis of the effects of red-light cameras on crashes. Accident Analysis & Prevention 41 (5), 897-905.] based on a larger sample of RLC-studies, and provides answers to the criticisms that were raised by Lund et al. (2009) [Lund, A.K., Kyrychenko, S.Y., Retting, R.A., 2009. Caution: a comment on Alena Erke's red light for red-light cameras? A meta-analysis of the effects of red-light cameras on crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention 41, 895-896.] against the previous meta-analysis. The addition of recent studies to the meta-analysis and a more thorough investigation of potential moderator variables lead to a slight improvement of the estimated effects of RLC in the previous meta-analysis. The present study found a non-significant increase of all crashes by 6% and a non-significant decrease of all injury crashes by 13%. Right-angle collisions were found to decrease by 13% and rear-end collisions were found to increase by 39%. For right-angle injury collisions a decrease by 33% was found and for rear-end injury collisions a smaller increase was found (+19%). The effects of RLC are likely to be more favorable when RLC-warning signs are set up at main entrances to areas with RLC enforcement than when each RLC-intersection is signposted. The effects of RLC may become more favorable over time, this could however not be investigated empirically. Several results indicate that spillover effects may occur for right-angle collisions, but most likely not for rear-end and other crashes. If spillover effects do not occur for rear-end crashes, which increase at RLC intersection, this would be a positive result for RLC. However, the results seem to be affected to some degree by publication bias and the effects may therefore be somewhat less favorable than indicated by the results from meta-analysis.

  18. IntegoTM Infusion System: cost effectiveness analysis focusing on dosimetry, sterility and management.

    PubMed

    Matteucci, Federica; Solinas, Laura; Turri, Valentina; Donati, Caterina; D'Errico, Vincenzo; Moretti, Andrea; Bianchini, David; Paganelli, Giovanni; Gallegati, Davide; Altini, Mattia

    2016-07-07

    Healthcare providers across Europe are facing an ever-growing demand in clinical PET referrals. Currently, it is estimated that the administration of the PET tracer accounts for approximately 40% of the unitary PET procedure reimbursement (uPETr). Although the cost of PET/CT is highly dependant on the radiopharmaceutical cost itself, little is known about the economical impact of the utilized administration method and the repercussions on staff radiation exposure. Our objective was to evaluate the cost- effectiveness of automatic injection/fractionation system IntegoTM (Bayer HealthCare, MEDRAD Europe, Netherlands) for istaff radiation exposure reduction and to validate its use with 18F-choline (FCH). In order to validate IntegoTM use with FCH we analyzed sterility, radioactivity fractionation accuracy and radiation protection for staff . We analyzed IntegoTM impact on examination costs and its impact on organization efficiency. A cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) was estimated as the incremental cost to reduce staff radiation exposure. According to our data, IntegoTM ensures both sterility and accuracy of FCH doses' activity , reducing, at the same time, the exposure to radiation either whole body and at the extremities (94% and 75% respectively for the technicians and complete reduction for physicians). IntegoTM's variable unit costs are higher than the SA (respectively 1,8% and 0.4% of PET reimbursement), while staff costs are significantly higher with SA (respectively 0.27% and 1.57% of unitary PET reimbursement [uPETr]). In our simulation, based on a 2,450 PET yearly output, the differential costs were slightly higher by using IntegoTMTM (+ 14%). The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was equal to 1.1, i.e. the healthcare provider pays an additional cost of 0.38% of uPETr to obtain a significant reduction of staff radiation exposure (-4.5 μS). IntegoTM, for its favorable results in terms of cost effectiveness, could be a useful tool in a nuclear

  19. Atmospheric concentrations and loadings of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (GLB): Spatial and temporal analysis (1992-2012).

    PubMed

    Shunthirasingham, Chubashini; Gawor, Anya; Hung, Hayley; Brice, Kenneth A; Su, Ky; Alexandrou, Nick; Dryfhout-Clark, Helena; Backus, Sean; Sverko, Ed; Shin, Cecilia; Park, Richard; Noronha, Ronald

    2016-10-01

    Long-term air monitoring data for POPs are required to determine the effectiveness of source reduction measures and factors controlling air concentrations. Air samples were collected between 1992 and 2012 at three sites with different geographical characteristics (Burnt Island, Egbert and Point Petre) in the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (GLB) using high-volume samplers and analyzed for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Spatial and temporal trends of gas-phase concentrations of OCPs, selected PCB congeners and ƩPCBs (84 congeners) were assessed. Egbert had the highest concentrations of some OCPs due to historical [dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), dieldrin, γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH)] and current (endosulfan) applications of these pesticides in the surrounding agricultural cropland. This shows that agricultural areas are a source of OCPs to the GLB. High o,p'-/p,p'-DDT ratios were determined and an increasing trend was observed at Point Petre and Burnt Island up to 2004; indicating that the GLB is influenced by dicofol-type DDT sources, which have higher o,p'-/p,p'-DDT ratios than technical DDT. Atmospheric PCB concentrations at Egbert and Point Petre are higher than those measured at Burnt Island, likely due to urban influence and greater populations. Loadings calculations suggest that the atmosphere is a source of α-endosulfan and p,p'-DDT to the lakes and the opposite is true for p,p'-DDE. Long-term decreasing trends were observed for both OCPs and PCBs; consistent with control measures implemented in North America. Atmospheric PCB concentrations are decreasing relatively slowly, with halflives in the range of 9-39 years. Chlordane, α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, dieldrin, and DDT-related substances showed halflives in the range of 7-13 years. α-HCH and γ-HCH were decreasing rapidly in air, with halflives of 5 years. Long-term declining trends of PCBs and OCPs suggest that regulatory efforts to reduce emissions

  20. Soil moisture trends in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hlavinka, Petr; Trnka, Miroslav; Brázdil, Rudolf; Možný, Martin; Štěpánek, Petr; Dobrovolný, Petr; Zahradníček, Pavel; Balek, Jan; Semerádová, Daniela; Dubrovský, Martin; Eitzinger, Josef; Wardlow, Brian; Svoboda, Mark; Hayes, Michael; Žalud, Zdeněk

    2015-04-01

    Focused on Drought Research" (no. OP VK CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0248) and KONTAKT LH110010 helped plan and execute this study. Petr Hlavinka and Michael Hayes were supported by project "Partnership in Climate Research and Adaptation Strategies" (no. CZ.1.07/2.4.00/31.0056), Rudolf Brazdil and Petr Dobrovolny by projects of the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (P209/11/0956 and 13-04291S/P209, respectively), and Petr Štěpanek and Martin Možny by project of the National Agency for Agricultural Research no. QI91C054.

  1. Colombia Country Analysis Brief

    EIA Publications

    2016-01-01

    Colombia is South America's largest coal producer, and the region's third-largest oil producer after Venezuela and Brazil. In 2015, Colombia was the world's fifth-largest coal exporter. The country is also a significant oil exporter, ranking as the fifth-largest crude oil exporter to the United States in 2015. A series of regulatory reforms enacted in 2003 makes the oil and natural gas sector more attractive to foreign investors led to an increase in Colombian oil and natural gas production. The Colombian government implemented a partial privatization of state oil company Ecopetrol (formerly known as Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos S.A.) in an attempt to revive its upstream oil industry.

  2. Acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-management versus psychoeducation training for staff caring for clients with a personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Sue; Taylor, Georgina; Lancaster, Joanna; Remington, Bob

    2015-04-01

    People diagnosed with a personality disorder (PD) are often a stigmatized patient group. This can affect the care they receive, their progression, and the well-being of staff caring for them. Interventions targeted at health care professionals that aim to improve attitudes toward these patients and improve staff well-being do exist; however, evidence for their effectiveness is limited. The present study compared a self-management, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy-based training intervention (ACTr) with a Psychoeducation Training (PETr) intervention in their effectiveness in improving attitudes toward PD patients, staff-patient relations, and staff well-being. Both interventions were successful at improving attitudes and measures of staff-patient relations up to 6 months after training; however, staff well-being did not change for either group. The implications for staff training and future research are discussed.

  3. A source of PCB contamination in modified high-volume air samplers

    SciTech Connect

    Basu, I.; O'Dell, J.M.; Arnold, K.; Hites, R.A.

    2000-02-01

    Modified Anderson High Volume (Hi-Vol) air samplers are widely used for the collection of semi-volatile organic compounds (such as PCBs) from air. The foam gasket near the main air flow path in these samplers can become contaminated with PCBs if the sampler or the gasket is stored at a location with high indoor air PCB levels. Once the gasket is contaminated, it releases PCBs back into the air stream during sampling, and as a result, incorrectly high air PCB concentrations are measured. This paper presents data demonstrating this contamination problem using measurements from two Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network sites: one at Sleeping Bear Dunes on Lake Michigan and the other at Point Petre on Lake Ontario. The authors recommend that these gaskets be replaced by Teflon tape and that the storage history of each sampler be carefully tracked.

  4. Experiences accessing public funds for hydrocarbons research and technological development in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suro-Pérez, V.

    2013-05-01

    The Mexican Petroleum Institute (IMP) is a public facility oriented to research and technological development for the national petroleum industry. Its investment plan and operating expenses come, mainly, from selling engineering services to Petróleos Mexicanos. Its projects include upstream and downstream aspects, and the generated income together with public funds support research projects. These funds were approved since 2005, and widened in 2008 thanks to the so called Energy Reform. Until now, more than 50 projects have been funded, and this presentation shows the process to select, to approve, to fund and to ensure the results promised in the original proposal. It is shown that technical sanction of every particular project is essential to succeed, jointly with a structure of real technical pairs to advise during project development. Likewise, the mechanisms for accessing the funds are described, and simple suggestions are made to improve administrative efficiency.

  5. Scalar products of Bethe vectors in models with {\\mathfrak{gl}}(2| 1) symmetry 1. Super-analog of Reshetikhin formula

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutsalyuk, A.; Liashyk, A.; Pakuliak, S. Z.; Ragoucy, E.; Slavnov, N. A.

    2016-11-01

    We study the scalar products of Bethe vectors in integrable models solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz and possessing {gl}(2| 1) symmetry. Using explicit formulas of the monodromy matrix entries’ multiple actions onto Bethe vectors we obtain a representation for the scalar product in the most general case. This explicit representation appears to be a sum over partitions of the Bethe parameters. It can be used for the analysis of scalar products involving on-shell Bethe vectors. As a by-product, we obtain a determinant representation for the scalar products of generic Bethe vectors in integrable models with {gl}(1| 1) symmetry. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  6. [The professional self and hetero image among public health nurses: a study of social representations].

    PubMed

    Gomes, Antonio Marcos Tosoli; Oliveira, Denize Cristina de

    2005-01-01

    The object of this study is the professional image constructed by public health nurses and the objective is to describe and analyze the professional images present in the representations of nurses who deliver direct care to this clientele. The theoretical-methodological reference framework adopted was Social Representations Theory. A qualitative study was developed in Petrópolis-Rio de Janeiro/Brazil, through in-depth interviews with 30 nurses. Alceste 4.5 software was used for the lexical analysis. The results reveal the existence of a professional self-image with three groups of meanings: being a reference for the team, the non-specific image and the image of plaster; and a professional hetero-image with four groups of meanings: administrator, invisible, positive image and superposition. The study of the professional image reflects the construction of the nurse's identity in itself and emphasizes Social Representations Theory as a useful tool for nursing research development.

  7. Quantifying Quantumness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braun, Daniel; Giraud, Olivier; Braun, Peter A.

    2010-03-01

    We introduce and study a measure of ``quantumness'' of a quantum state based on its Hilbert-Schmidt distance from the set of classical states. ``Classical states'' were defined earlier as states for which a positive P-function exists, i.e. they are mixtures of coherent states [1]. We study invariance properties of the measure, upper bounds, and its relation to entanglement measures. We evaluate the quantumness of a number of physically interesting states and show that for any physical system in thermal equilibrium there is a finite critical temperature above which quantumness vanishes. We then use the measure for identifying the ``most quantum'' states. Such states are expected to be potentially most useful for quantum information theoretical applications. We find these states explicitly for low-dimensional spin-systems, and show that they possess beautiful, highly symmetric Majorana representations. [4pt] [1] Classicality of spin states, Olivier Giraud, Petr Braun, and Daniel Braun, Phys. Rev. A 78, 042112 (2008)

  8. Superintegrability of geodesic motion on the sausage model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arutyunov, Gleb; Heinze, Martin; Medina-Rincon, Daniel

    2017-06-01

    Reduction of the η-deformed sigma model on AdS_5× S5 to the two-dimensional squashed sphere (S^2)η can be viewed as a special case of the Fateev sausage model where the coupling constant ν is imaginary. We show that geodesic motion in this model is described by a certain superintegrable mechanical system with four-dimensional phase space. This is done by means of explicitly constructing three integrals of motion which satisfy the sl(2) Poisson algebra relations, albeit being non-polynomial in momenta. Further, we find a canonical transformation which transforms the Hamiltonian of this mechanical system to the one describing the geodesic motion on the usual two-sphere. By inverting this transformation we map geodesics on this auxiliary two-sphere back to the sausage model. This paper is a tribute to the memory of Prof Petr Kulish.

  9. Occurrence of illicit drugs and selected pharmaceuticals in Slovak municipal wastewater.

    PubMed

    Bodík, Igor; Mackuľak, Tomáš; Fáberová, Milota; Ivanová, Lucia

    2016-10-01

    We analyzed illicit drugs and their metabolites and pharmaceuticals in wastewater from 15 selected wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Slovakia. Our results indicate that methamphetamine is one of the most commonly used illegal drugs in all the regions of Slovakia monitored in this study. Compared with the international results, the Slovak cities of Dunajská Streda (479 mg/day/1000inh) and Trnava (354 mg/day/1000inh) are among the cities with the largest numbers of methamphetamine users in Europe. These results indicate an increase in the incidence of drugs in big cities and in the satellite cities (Trnava and Dunajská Streda) near Bratislava. These results also confirm the police statistics about production and use of illicit drugs in Slovakia. The highest specific loads of cocaine were found in Bratislava (112 mg/day/1000inh), followed by Petržalka (74 mg/day/1000inh). Compared with other European cities, Bratislava and the other Slovak cities in this study have a relatively low number of COC consumers. The ecstasy load in wastewater from larger cities also significantly increased over the weekend and during music festivals. The highest 2-year mean concentrations of THC-COOH, a cannabis biomarker, were observed in the sewage from BA-Petržalka and BA-Central (191 and 171 ng/L, respectively). A first complex monitoring of pharmaceuticals in all therapeutic groups was also realized in selected Slovak WWTPs. Occurrence of wide spectrum of pharmaceuticals with very high concentrations as well as consumptions were observed mainly in small Slovak cities. Considering all 120 monitored pharmaceuticals, Valsartan had the highest concentrations: 6000 ng/L, on average.

  10. Witness of fluid-flow organization during high-pressure antigorite dehydration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Vicente; Padrón-Navarta, José Alberto; Garrido, Carlos J.; Gómez-Pugnaire, María. Teresa

    2010-05-01

    lacking in antigorite far from the devolatilization front [4]. The sharp appearance of chlorite (Chl-in), crosscutting the serpentinite foliation, and coarsening of olivine define the upper limit of the transitional lithologies, whereas the lower limit (Atg-out) is gradational to chl-harzburgite. The modal increase of orthopyroxene is concomitant with the gradual disappearance of antigorite. The gradual disappearance of antigorite over short distances leads to the final prograde assemblage in the Chl-harzburgite with two contrasting textures: (1) coarse granular texture and (2) an intriguing spinifex-like texture (arborescent growth of centimeter-sized olivine and orthopyroxene). Both textures alternate at the meter to tens of meters scale over the entire massif. We interpret these textures as the result of contrasting pore fluid overpressure, reaction rates and fluid-flow organization shortly after the antigorite breakdown. These observations will be discussed on the frame of the reaction kinetic and the propagation of deformation associated to fluid pressure gradients. [1] Connolly, Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (B8), 18 (1997). [2] Trommsdorff, López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Gómez-Pugnaire et al., Contrib Mineral Petr 132 (2), 139 (1998). [3] Padrón-Navarta, Hermann, Garrido et al., Contrib Mineral Petr 159 (1), 25 (2010). [4] Padrón-Navarta, López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Garrido et al., Contrib Mineral Petr 156 (5), 679 (2008).

  11. What was driving land-scape drying in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2012?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hlavinka, Petr; Trnka, Miroslav; Brázdil, Rudolf; Balek, Jan; Semerádová, Daniela; Možný, Martin; Štěpánek, Petr; Dobrovolný, Petr; Zahradníček, Pavel; Dubrovský, Martin; Eitzinger, Josef; Fuchs, Brian; Svoboda, Mark; Hayes, Michael; Žalud, Zdeněk

    2015-04-01

    precipitation thus leading to higher rate of soil moisture withdrawal by plants leaving less water for latter part of growing season. The reported trend patterns are of particular importance with regard to the expected climate change given the robustness and consistency of the trends shown, and the fact that they can be align with existing climate model projections. Finally comparing results of our analysis with available literature we also point out how significantly different might be outcomes of large-scale studies from regionalized assessment. The results have been submitted to International Journal of Climatology. The research was funded by projects "Establishment of International Scientific Team Focused on Drought Research" (no. OP VK CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0248) and KONTAKT LH110010 helped plan and execute this study. Petr Hlavinka and Michael Hayes were supported by project "Partnership in Climate Research and Adaptation Strategies" (no. CZ.1.07/2.4.00/31.0056), Rudolf Brázdil and Petr Dobrovolný by projects of the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (P209/11/0956 and 13-04291S/P209, respectively), and Petr Štěpánek, Martin Možný and Zdeněk Žalud by project of the National Agency for Agricultural Research no. QI91C054, QJ1310123.

  12. Study of the radio-opacity of base and liner dental materials using a digital radiography system

    PubMed Central

    Lachowski, KM; Botta, SB; Lascala, CA; Matos, AB; Sobral, MAP

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: This study investigated the radio-opacity of commercially available glass ionomer cements (GICs), flowable resin composites (FRCs) and calcium hydroxide cements (CHCs) and compared this with the radio-opacity of enamel, dentine and aluminium stepwedge. 16 GICs, 8 FRCs and 4 CHCs were analysed. Methods: Three sets of three samples were prepared: 1 mm, 2 mm and 3 mm thickness for GIC and FRC and 1 mm thickness for CHC. Specimens of enamel and dentine with the same thicknesses were obtained. As a control, an aluminium stepwedge was used. Radiographs were taken with a digital Kodak RVG 5000 (0.32 s, 30 cm). The images were analysed using the Image Tool® program (v. 2.00; The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TV) to obtain the mean grey values. Results: Analysis of variance was used to investigate the significance of differences among the groups. For pairwise comparisons, the Tukey test was applied (p < 0.05). The GICs Ionomaster (Wilcos, Petrópolis, Brazil), Maxxion (FGM, Joinville, Brazil), Bioglass R (Biodinâmica, Ibiporã, Brazil), Bioglass F (Biodinâmica), Vidrion R (SS White, Rio de Janerio, Brazil) and Vidrion F (SS White), presented radio-opacity lower than that of dentine. All FRCs and CHCs studied showed radio-opacity higher than that of dentine. Vitro Fil (DFL, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Magic Glass (Vigodent, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Vitrebond (3M, Sumaré SP, Brazil), Riva Self Cure (SDI, Victoria, Australia), Riva Light Cure (SDI), Fill Magic (Vigodent), Opallis (FGM, Joinville, Brazil), Surefil SDR (Dentsply, Milford, DE), Tetric N (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Lichtenstein), Tetric (Ivoclar Vivadent), Hydro C (Dentsply, Petrópolis, Brazil), Hydcal (Technew, Madalena, Portugal) and Liner (Vigodent) showed radio-opacity similar to or greater than that of enamel for all thicknesses. Conclusions: The increased thickness of the materials studied increases their radio-opacity. Some commercially available GICs

  13. Study of the radio-opacity of base and liner dental materials using a digital radiography system.

    PubMed

    Lachowski, K M; Botta, S B; Lascala, C A; Matos, A B; Sobral, M A P

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the radio-opacity of commercially available glass ionomer cements (GICs), flowable resin composites (FRCs) and calcium hydroxide cements (CHCs) and compared this with the radio-opacity of enamel, dentine and aluminium stepwedge. 16 GICs, 8 FRCs and 4 CHCs were analysed. Three sets of three samples were prepared: 1 mm, 2 mm and 3 mm thickness for GIC and FRC and 1 mm thickness for CHC. Specimens of enamel and dentine with the same thicknesses were obtained. As a control, an aluminium stepwedge was used. Radiographs were taken with a digital Kodak RVG 5000 (0.32 s, 30 cm). The images were analysed using the Image Tool(®) program (v. 2.00; The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TV) to obtain the mean grey values. Analysis of variance was used to investigate the significance of differences among the groups. For pairwise comparisons, the Tukey test was applied (p < 0.05). The GICs Ionomaster (Wilcos, Petrópolis, Brazil), Maxxion (FGM, Joinville, Brazil), Bioglass R (Biodinâmica, Ibiporã, Brazil), Bioglass F (Biodinâmica), Vidrion R (SS White, Rio de Janerio, Brazil) and Vidrion F (SS White), presented radio-opacity lower than that of dentine. All FRCs and CHCs studied showed radio-opacity higher than that of dentine. Vitro Fil (DFL, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Magic Glass (Vigodent, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Vitrebond (3M, Sumaré SP, Brazil), Riva Self Cure (SDI, Victoria, Australia), Riva Light Cure (SDI), Fill Magic (Vigodent), Opallis (FGM, Joinville, Brazil), Surefil SDR (Dentsply, Milford, DE), Tetric N (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Lichtenstein), Tetric (Ivoclar Vivadent), Hydro C (Dentsply, Petrópolis, Brazil), Hydcal (Technew, Madalena, Portugal) and Liner (Vigodent) showed radio-opacity similar to or greater than that of enamel for all thicknesses. The increased thickness of the materials studied increases their radio-opacity. Some commercially available GICs used as a base and liner for restorations

  14. Formation of polygonal fault systems as a result of hydrodynamical instabilities in clay-rich deposits.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Teodolina; Antoine, Raphael; Rabinowicz, Michel; Baratoux, David; Darrozes, José; Kurita, Kei; D'Uston, Lionel

    2015-04-01

    Fine grained deposits as chalks and clays are characterised by the development of polygonal fault systems [1]. For the clay-rich deposits, two different environments are associated with their formation. First, on continents, dewatering leads to the development of polygonal desiccation cracks which have a centimetric to metric size [2]. Polygonal faults are also observed in sub-marine sedimentary deposits and here, can reach hectometric to kilometric size [3]. Since the giant polygons develop on basins with no clear evidences of tectonic stresses, the fracturing is attributed to stresses due to horizontal density variations generated during the basin subsidence. Several models have been proposed to explain the formation of the giant polygons and the two main hypotheses are the syneresis (spontaneous horizontal contraction) proposed by [4] and the low coefficient of friction of clay proposed by [5]. However, new understandings in the clay rheology and in the hydrodynamical instabilities, controlling the development of compaction in unconsolidated and consolidated clay deposits, permit us to propose an alternative hypothesis. We consider that the development of giant polygons results from the superposition of hydrodynamical instabilities leading to the formation of (i) mm-size agglomerates of clay particles while the deposit is unconsolidated [6], followed after by the consolidation of this layer, then (ii) hectometric to kilometric compaction spheres develop [7] and (iii) finally ends with the occurrence of hydrothermal and plastic convections. We show that the crucial conditions for the development of hectometric to kilometric size polygonal fault systems are: 1) the high permeability of the clay-rich deposit composed of mm-size agglomerates and 2) the dramatic increase of the strength of the clay as the deposit consolidates. [1] Dewhurst et al., (1999), Mar. Petr. Geol., 16 (8), 793-810. [2] Weinberger (1999), J. Struct. Geol., 21, 379-386. [3] Andresen and Huuse

  15. New experimental data on the antigorite dehydration in silica enriched serpentinite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padrón-Navarta, José Alberto; Hermann, Jörg; Garrido, Carlos J.; López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Vicente; Gómez-Pugnaire, María. Teresa

    2010-05-01

    pressure limit for tremolite coexisting with olivine + orthopyroxene [4]. [1] Trommsdorff, López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Gómez-Pugnaire, and Müntener (1998), Contrib Mineral Petr 132 139-148. [2] Hermann, Müntener, and Scambelluri, (2000) Tectonophysics 327, 225-238. [3] Scambelluri, Müntener, Hermann, Piccardo, and Trommsdorff, Geology 23, 459-462. [4] Padrón-Navarta, Hermann, Garrido, López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, and Gómez-Pugnaire (2010), Contrib Mineral Petr 159, 25-42.

  16. Potential Temperatures of Sources of MORB, OIB and LIPs Based on AL Partitioning Between Olivine and Spinel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobolev, A. V.; Batanova, V. G.; Krasheninnikov, S.; Borisov, A.; Arndt, N.; Kuzmin, D.; Krivolutskaya, N.; Sushevskaya, N.

    2013-12-01

    confirm the relatively low temperature of the convecting mantle source of MORB and higher temperatures in the mantle plumes that produce the OIB of Iceland, Hawaii, Gorgona, Archean komatiites and several LIPs (e.g. Siberian, Decan). [1] McKenzie & Bickle, 1988, J. Petr. 29, p 625-679. [2] Wan et al, 2008, Am. Min. 93, p1142-1147. [3] Batanova & Sobolev, 2013, Min. Mag.,p 667, DOI :10.1180/minmag2013.077.5.2 [4] Ford et al, 1983, J. Petr. 24, p 256-265.

  17. Newborn screening for six lysosomal storage disorders in a cohort of Mexican patients: Three-year findings from a screening program in a closed Mexican health system.

    PubMed

    Navarrete-Martínez, Juana Inés; Limón-Rojas, Ana Elena; Gaytán-García, Maria de Jesús; Reyna-Figueroa, Jesús; Wakida-Kusunoki, Guillermo; Delgado-Calvillo, Ma Del Rocío; Cantú-Reyna, Consuelo; Cruz-Camino, Héctor; Cervantes-Barragán, David Eduardo

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate the results of a lysosomal newborn screening (NBS) program in a cohort of 20,018 Mexican patients over the course of 3years in a closed Mexican Health System (Petróleos Mexicanos [PEMEX] Health Services). Using dried blood spots (DBS), we performed a multiplex tandem mass spectrometry enzymatic assay for six lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) including Pompe disease, Fabry disease, Gaucher disease, mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS-I), Niemann-Pick type A/B, and Krabbe disease. Screen-positive cases were confirmed using leukocyte enzymatic activity and DNA molecular analysis. From July 2012 to April 2016, 20,018 patients were screened; 20 patients were confirmed to have an LSD phenotype (99.9 in 100,000 newborns). Final distributions include 11 Pompe disease, five Fabry disease, two MPS-I, and two Niemann-Pick type A/B patients. We did not find any Gaucher or Krabbe patients. A final frequency of 1 in 1001 LSD newborn phenotypes was established. NBS is a major public health achievement that has decreased the morbidity and mortality of inborn errors of metabolism. The introduction of NBS for LSD presents new challenges. This is the first multiplex Latin-American study of six LSDs detected through NBS. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. [Epidemiologic behavior of malignant digestive tract tumors over a five year period in Veracruz, Mexico].

    PubMed

    Roesch-Dietlen, F; Jiménez-García, V A; Remes-Troche, J M; Rubio-Arce, J F; López-Salinas, A; Ruiz-Juárez, I; Grube-Pagola, P; Silva-Cañetas, C F

    2012-01-01

    Tumors of the digestive system are considered to be a public health problem because of their elevated mortality rate. In Mexico, gastric cancer and colon cancer rank fourth and fifth, respectively, following tracheal, bronchial, and lung cancer, and there has been an increase in their frequency in the last few years. However, there are no specific studies that have evaluated their epidemiologic behavior in Veracruz. To determine the frequency of digestive system cancer in five health institutions in the city of Veracruz and to describe its epidemiologic behavior over a five-year period. Annual statistics from the following hospitals were reviewed: the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, the Secretaría de Salud, the Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, Petróleos Mexicanos, and the Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional within the time frame of January 2005 to December 2009. Diagnoses based on histopathology were recorded, along with patient age and sex. A total of 1803 cases of digestive tract cancers were detected: 52% were men and 48% were women. A yearly increase in the number of cases was observed with colon cancer being in first place, followed by stomach cancer and rectal cancer. The increase in digestive system cancer cases over the last five years in Veracruz underlines the need to evaluate the implementation of screening programs for the at-risk population and to study the different etiologic factors involved in its manifestation.

  19. X-ray Emission Cross Sections following Charge Exchange by Multiply-Charged Ions of Astrophysical Interest.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otranto, Sebastian; Olson, Ronald; Beiersdorfer, Peter

    2006-05-01

    State selective nl-electron capture cross sections calculated using the classical trajectory Monte Carlo (CTMC) model are presented for highly charged ions with Z = 6-10 colliding with atoms and molecules. The energy dependence of the l-level populations is investigated. The calculated cross sections are compared with measurements made by Greenwood et al [1], using O^8+ and Ne^10+ on various targets at 3 keV/amu, and with recent x-ray emission cross sections measured with the EBIT machine at LLNL using O^8+ and Ne^9+,10+ on different targets at 10 eV/amu. We use the calculated cross sections to present an ab initio determination of the soft x-ray spectrum of comet C/Linear 1999 S4 that was observed on the Chandra X-ray Observatory [2]. [1] J. B. Greenwood, I. D. Williams, S. J. Smith and A. Chutjian, Phys. Rev. A 63, 062707 (2001). [2] C. M. Lisse, D. J. Christian, K. Dennerl, K. J. Meech, R. Petre, H. A. Weaver and S. J. Wolk, Science 292, 1343 (2001).

  20. Integrability in dipole-deformed \\boldsymbol{N=4} super Yang–Mills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guica, Monica; Levkovich Maslyuk, Fedor; Zarembo, Konstantin

    2017-09-01

    We study the null dipole deformation of N=4 super Yang–Mills theory, which is an example of a potentially solvable ‘dipole CFT’: a theory that is non-local along a null direction, has non-relativistic conformal invariance along the remaining ones, and is holographically dual to a Schrödinger space-time. We initiate the field-theoretical study of the spectrum in this model by using integrability inherited from the parent theory. The dipole deformation corresponds to a nondiagonal Drinfeld–Reshetikhin twist in the spin chain picture, which renders the traditional Bethe ansatz inapplicable from the very beginning. We use instead the Baxter equation supplemented with nontrivial asymptotics, which gives the full 1-loop spectrum in the sl(2) sector. We show that anomalous dimensions of long gauge theory operators perfectly match the string theory prediction, providing a quantitative test of Schrödinger holography. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  1. Prevalence and factors associated with nutritional deviations in women in the pre-pregnancy phase in two municipalities of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Marano, Daniele; da Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira; Domingues, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira; de Souza Junior, Paulo Roberto Borges

    2014-01-01

    To assess the prevalence and potential factors associated with pre-pregnancy nutritional status of women. This is a cross-sectional study carried out between December 2007 and November 2008 with 1,535 women in the first trimester of pregnancy and randomly selected in health units of the Brazilian public health system (SUS) in the municipalities of Queimados and Petrópolis in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The diagnosis of nutritional deviations was based on the Body Mass Index, according to the classification of the Institute of Medicine, and the following categories were obtained: underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity. In the statistical analysis, the multinomial logistic regression model was used and an odds ratio and confidence interval of 95% were estimated. The sample included women between 13 and 45 years. The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity were 10, 18 and 11%, respectively. Women living in Queimados, adolescents, women who did not live with a partner and smokers had a higher proportion of low pre-pregnancy weight. There was an association between hypertension, overweight and obesity. Adolescents presented lower chance to overweight and obesity. Living in Queimados reduced the odds of overweight. The proportion of pre-pregnancy nutritional deviations was high, and recognizing factors that lead to them is very important for an early identification of women at nutritional risk, with view to interventions to reduce the adverse effects of malnutrition on maternal and child health.

  2. Cleaner production and methodological proposal of eco-efficiency measurement in a Mexican petrochemical complex.

    PubMed

    Morales, M A; Herrero, V M; Martínez, S A; Rodríguez, M G; Valdivieso, E; Garcia, G; de los Angeles Elías, Maria

    2006-01-01

    Abstract In the frame of the Petróleos Mexicanos Institutional Program for Sustainable Development, processes were evaluated in the manufacture operation of the petrochemical industry, with the purpose of reducing their ecological fingerprint. Thirteen cleaner production opportunities were registered in six process plants: ethylene oxide and glycols, acetaldehyde, ethylene, high density polyethylene, polypropylene switch and acrylonitrile, and 45 recommendations in the waste water treatment plant. Morelos is the second most important petrochemical complex in the Mexican and Latin American petrochemical industry. A tool was developed to obtain eco-efficiency indicators in operation processes, and as a result, potential savings were obtained based on best performance, as well as the integrated distribution of Sankey diagrams. Likewise, a mechanism of calculation to obtain economic savings based on the reduction of residues during the whole productive process is proposed. These improvement opportunities and recommendations will result in economic and environmental benefits minimising the use of water, efficient use of energy, raw materials and reducing residues from source, generating less environmental impacts during the process.

  3. The Screening Asia Conference 2010: an update.

    PubMed

    Chaguturu, Rathnam

    2011-04-01

    The conference was the first of its kind in a series of trend-setting conferences conceived and organized by Select Biosciences. The conference was held in the state-of-the-art Matrix Building, Metropolis. The topics covered were grouped into the following half-day sessions: high-content screening, high-throughput screening, RNAi screening, novel drug-discovery techniques and assay development, and screening natural extracts and small molecules. Petr Bartunek (Group Leader, Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic), Rathnam Chaguturu (Director, High-Throughput Screening Laboratories, University of Kansas, USA) and Paul Orange (Business Leader, Bio-Discovery, PerkinElmer) were the keynote speakers. The conference attendees were from academia and the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors. The Screening Asia 2010 was designed to address, from a regional and international perspective, how best to approach the one issue that has been at the forefront of the drug-discovery endeavors: who is best suited among academia, biotechnology and pharmaceutics to discover chemical probes against key therapeutic targets, and how best one could implement the processes.

  4. Continuous high-temporal resolution black carbon ice core records from Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edwards, R.; McConnell, J. R.; Aristarain, A. J.; Curran, M. A.; Pedro, J.; Cataldo, M.; Evangelista, H.

    2008-12-01

    The Antarctic ice cap is a unique vantage point from which to observe the global background of black carbon aerosol (BC). Far removed from sources, BC in the Antarctic atmosphere is largely due to biomass burning at low- to mid-latitudes modulated by upper tropospheric (and perhaps stratospheric) transport, climate variability and human activity. BC aerosols have been investigated at several locations in Antarctica including the coastal stations Halley, Syowa and Neumayer, Amundsen-Scott at the South Pole and the South Shetland islands north of the Antarctic Peninsula. Beyond these time series little is known regarding the history of BC over Antarctica. Pioneering research by Petr Chylek demonstrated that it was possible to develop BC records from Antarctic ice cores, albeit with great difficulty and at low temporal resolution. We have recently developed an extremely sensitive analytical method capable of determining BC in Antarctic ice cores at sub annual resolution. This method has allowed us to build upon the research of Chylek and reconstruct BC deposition to Antarctica over the past 200 years at ~ monthly time scales. These "new- generation" records will be presented and the extent of which they reflect large scale BC aerosol variability discussed.

  5. Development and testing of meteorology and air dispersion models for Mexico City

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, M. D.; Brown, M. J.; Cruz, X.; Sosa, G.; Streit, G.

    Los Alamos National Laboratory and Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo are completing a joint study of options for improving air quality in Mexico City. We have modified a three-dimensional, prognostic, higher-order turbulence model for atmospheric circulation (HOTMAC) and a Monte Carlo dispersion and transport model (RAPTAD) to treat domains that include an urbanized area. We used the meteorological model to drive models which describe the photochemistry and air transport and dispersion. The photochemistry modeling is described in a separate paper. We tested the model against routine measurements and those of a major field program. During the field program, measurements included: (1) lidar measurements of aerosol transport and dispersion, (2) aircraft measurements of winds, turbulence, and chemical species aloft, (3) aircraft measurements of skin temperatures, and (4) Tethersonde measurements of winds and ozone. We modified the meteorological model to include provisions for time-varying synoptic-scale winds, adjustments for local wind effects, and detailed surface-coverage descriptions. We developed a new method to define mixing-layer heights based on model outputs. The meteorology and dispersion models were able to provide reasonable representations of the measurements and to define the sources of some of the major uncertainties in the model-measurement comparisons.

  6. Assessment of the water quality monitoring network of the Piabanha River experimental watersheds in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, using autoassociative neural networks.

    PubMed

    Villas-Boas, Mariana D; Olivera, Francisco; de Azevedo, Jose Paulo S

    2017-09-01

    Water quality monitoring is a complex issue that requires support tools in order to provide information for water resource management. Budget constraints as well as an inadequate water quality network design call for the development of evaluation tools to provide efficient water quality monitoring. For this purpose, a nonlinear principal component analysis (NLPCA) based on an autoassociative neural network was performed to assess the redundancy of the parameters and monitoring locations of the water quality network in the Piabanha River watershed. Oftentimes, a small number of variables contain the most relevant information, while the others add little or no interpretation to the variability of water quality. Principal component analysis (PCA) is widely used for this purpose. However, conventional PCA is not able to capture the nonlinearities of water quality data, while neural networks can represent those nonlinear relationships. The results presented in this work demonstrate that NLPCA performs better than PCA in the reconstruction of the water quality data of Piabanha watershed, explaining most of data variance. From the results of NLPCA, the most relevant water quality parameter is fecal coliforms (FCs) and the least relevant is chemical oxygen demand (COD). Regarding the monitoring locations, the most relevant is Poço Tarzan (PT) and the least is Parque Petrópolis (PP).

  7. Blood pressure control in hypertensive patients within Family Health Program versus at Primary Healthcare Units: analytical cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Martins, Telma Lima; Atallah, Alvaro Nagib; Silva, Edina Mariko Koga da

    2012-01-01

    Hypertension is a public health problem due to its high prevalence and long-term cardiovascular complications. In Brazil in 2005, cardiovascular diseases were responsible for 28% of all deaths. Efforts are being made within primary care to achieve adequate hypertension control. The Family Health Program (FHP) has the aims of promoting quality of life and intervening in factors that put this at risk. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of blood pressure control among patients followed up at FHP units compared with those at primary healthcare units (PHUs). Analytical cross-sectional study in the municipality of Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, from January to December 2005. Five hundred patients with a diagnosis of hypertension were included: 250 were being followed up at two FHP units and 250 at two PHUs. The diagnosis of hypertension was based on the Fourth Brazilian Hypertension Consensus, and the patients needed to have been under follow-up at the units for at least 12 months. Patients' blood pressure was considered to be under control if it was less than 140/90 mmHg at the last consultation. Blood pressure was under control in 29.2% (n = 73) at FHP units and 39.23% (n = 98) at PHUs (odds ratio = 0.64; confidence interval = 0.44-0.93; P = 0.024). Blood pressure control was better among patients followed up at PHUs than among those followed up at FHP units.

  8. Survey of microfungi in the Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord (Germany).

    PubMed

    Jensen, M; Nerat, N; Ale-Agha, N

    2011-01-01

    During an excursion in the Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord in 2009 and 2010 we were able to collect and identify more than 100 specimens of microfungi on different parts of cultivated and wild plant species. We found parasitic and saprophytic microfungi on trees, bushes and herbaceous plants. Some of them have been observed only rarely until now. Most of the collected microfungi species belong to the classes of Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes and Deuteromycetes - for example Leptosphaeria modesta (Desm.) Rabenh. on Knautia cf. arvensis (L.) Coult., Ramularia urticae Ces. on Urtica dioica L., Stigmina glomerulosa (Sacc.) S. Hughes on Juniperus communis L., Pseudomassaria corni (Sowerby) Arx on Cornus alba L., Mollisia discolor (Mont.) W. Phillips on Cornus alba L., Botryosphaeria quercuum (Schwein.) Sacc. on Quercus robur L., Peronospora cytisi Rostr. on Laburnum anagyroides Med., Microsphaera guarinonii Briosi and Cavara on Laburnum anagyroides Med., Brachysporium dingleyae S. Hughes on Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl and Rhododendron spec., Mamiania fimbriata (Pers.) Ces. and De Not. on Carpinus betulus L., Atopospora betulina (Fr.) Petr. on Betula pendula Roth, Septoria robiniae (Lib.) Desm. (=Phloeospora robiniae (Lib.) Höhn.) on Robinia pseudoacacia L., Chalara hughesii Nag Raj and W.B. Kendr. on Quercus robur L.. All specimens are located in the Herbarium ESS, Mycotheca Parva collection G.B. Feige and N. Ale-Agha.

  9. Nanomaterials-Based Electrochemical Immunosensors for Proteins

    PubMed Central

    RUSLING, JAMES F.

    2012-01-01

    For this special issue on 90 years of polarography, the following personal account describes how my early research in electrochemistry and polarography in the laboratory of Prof. Petr Zuman led to a major research effort in the determination of proteins for cancer detection and monitoring. It reviews the very recent history of nanoparticle labels and multiplexed detection in protein immunosensors. It then describes our journey of discovery that has led to ultrasensitive protein immunosensors achieved by combining nanostructured electrodes with particles labeled with up to ½ million enzymes that can detect down to as little as 1 fg mL−1 protein in diluted serum. Our most mature multiple protein detection system is a microfluidic device with eight sensors coated with 5-nm gold nanoparticles that uses off-line protein detection with heavily labeled magnetic particles. This approach has led to reliable sub pg mL−1 detection limits for multiple proteins, provides excellent correlation with referee ELISA methods, and is currently being used for validation of panels of biomarkers for oral and prostate cancer. The article ends with a section on future perspectives. PMID:22287094

  10. Aluminum Oxide Sandblasting of Hexagonal Coping and Abutment: Influence on Retention and Marginal Leakage Using Temporary Cements.

    PubMed

    Okuyama, Jaime Yoshiaki; de Brito, Rui Barbosa; França, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes

    2016-06-01

    To compare the tensile strength and marginal leakage of prefabricated abutments/copings, with or without surface sandblasting with aluminum oxide, luted with a calcium hydroxide-based temporary cement (CH, Dycal; Dentsply, Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil) or a noneugenol zinc oxide cement (ZO, Temp Bond NE; Kerr, Orange, CA). A total of 48 CeraOne abutment analogs and respective copings were divided into 6 groups (n = 8) according to the component that was sandblasted: the coping only, coping + abutment or no sandblasting and the temporary cement used: CH or ZO. After cementation, the samples underwent 500 thermal cycles (5°C ± 2°C and 55°C ± 2°C) and were subsequently immersed in an aqueous solution of 0.5% basic fuchsine dye for 24 hours. Next, the tensile test was performed, and microleakage was assessed qualitatively. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis tests, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls test (α = 0.05). CH cement showed a tensile strength (245.6 N) significantly higher than that of the ZO (18.1 N). Sandblasting both abutment and coping increased tensile strength by 1.7 times. Marginal leakage was not influenced by sandblasting; however, CH presented less microleakage. Aluminum oxide sandblasting of the coping and abutment favored the tensile strength of temporary cements and the CH showed a higher tensile strength and less microleakage than did the ZO cement.

  11. Some observations on four current subjects related to aeroelastic stability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ashley, H.

    1978-01-01

    After introductory comments on the literature and the purposes of this paper, a table is presented summarizing the author's views on some currently solved vs partially unsolved problems related to aeroelastic stability. The term 'solved' is used in the practical sense that engineers are able to cope confidently with that problem during the process of structural design. Selected entries in the table are reviewed, partially to motivate the topics in the rest of the paper. The 'four current subjects' are chosen both for timeliness and because they are among the ongoing interests of the Stanford group. The first involves the prediction of linearized unsteady aerodynamic loads due to arbitrary motions of streamlined shapes. Some contributions by Edwards are refined, which were motivated by the requirements of active control system design. The second subject is nonlinear unsteady aerodynamics for the transonic regime. After describing a few useful developments from locally-linear theory and computational fluid dynamics, there is suggested an empirical procedure for interim-analysis purposes. The third and fourth subjects concern recent discoveries regarding the aeroelastic stability of large-aspect-ratio wings and wind turbines. The former work is mainly that of Petre and Boyd. The latter includes some of the author's own preliminary discoveries about the performance and dynamics of vertical-axis machines.

  12. Comparison of correction methods of inhomogeneities in daily data on example of Central European temperature and precipitation series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stepanek, P.; Gruber, Ch.; Zahradnicek, P.

    2009-04-01

    Prior any data analysis, data quality control and homogenization have to be undertaken to get rid of erroneous values in time series. In this work we focused especially on comparison of methods for daily data inhomogeneities correction. Two basic approaches for inhomogeneity adjustments were adopted and compared: (i) "delta" method - adjustment of monthly series and projection of estimated smoothed monthly adjustments into annual variation of daily adjustments and (ii) "variable" correction of daily values according to the corresponding percentiles. "Variable" correction methods were investigated more deeply and their results were mutually compared. The methods used were HOM of Paul Della-Marta, SPLIDHOM of Olivier Mestre and a new method of Petr Stepanek. For the calculation, the software ProClimDB has been combined with R software scripts containing HOM and SPLIDHOM and the different methodological approaches were applied to daily data of various meteorological elements measured in the area of the Czech Republic. The tool is open and freely available. Series were processed by means of the developed ProClimDB and AnClim software (www.climahom.eu).

  13. Some observations on four current subjects related to aeroelastic stability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ashley, H.

    1978-01-01

    After introductory comments on the literature and the purposes of this paper, a table is presented summarizing the author's views on some currently solved vs partially unsolved problems related to aeroelastic stability. The term 'solved' is used in the practical sense that engineers are able to cope confidently with that problem during the process of structural design. Selected entries in the table are reviewed, partially to motivate the topics in the rest of the paper. The 'four current subjects' are chosen both for timeliness and because they are among the ongoing interests of the Stanford group. The first involves the prediction of linearized unsteady aerodynamic loads due to arbitrary motions of streamlined shapes. Some contributions by Edwards are refined, which were motivated by the requirements of active control system design. The second subject is nonlinear unsteady aerodynamics for the transonic regime. After describing a few useful developments from locally-linear theory and computational fluid dynamics, there is suggested an empirical procedure for interim-analysis purposes. The third and fourth subjects concern recent discoveries regarding the aeroelastic stability of large-aspect-ratio wings and wind turbines. The former work is mainly that of Petre and Boyd. The latter includes some of the author's own preliminary discoveries about the performance and dynamics of vertical-axis machines.

  14. Thermal form factor approach to the ground-state correlation functions of the XXZ chain in the antiferromagnetic massive regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dugave, Maxime; Göhmann, Frank; Kozlowski, Karol K.; Suzuki, Junji

    2016-09-01

    We use the form factors of the quantum transfer matrix in the zero-temperature limit in order to study the two-point ground-state correlation functions of the XXZ chain in the antiferromagnetic massive regime. We obtain novel form factor series representations of the correlation functions which differ from those derived either from the q-vertex-operator approach or from the algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach to the usual transfer matrix. We advocate that our novel representations are numerically more efficient and allow for a straightforward calculation of the large-distance asymptotic behaviour of the two-point functions. Keeping control over the temperature corrections to the two-point functions we see that these are of order {T}∞ in the whole antiferromagnetic massive regime. The isotropic limit of our result yields a novel form factor series representation for the two-point correlation functions of the XXX chain at zero magnetic field. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  15. COMMITTEES: SQM 2007 - International Conference On Strangeness In Quark Matter SQM 2007 - International Conference On Strangeness In Quark Matter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-04-01

    Local Organising Committee Ivan Králik (IEP SAS, Košice) Vojtěch Petráček (Czechoslovakia Technical University, Prague) Ján Pišút (Comenius University, Bratislava) Emanuele Quercigh (CERN) Karel Šafařík (CERN), Co-chair Ladislav v Sándor (IEP SAS, Košice), Co-chair Boris Tomášik (Mateja Bela University, Banská Bystrica) Jozef Urbán (UPJŠ Košice) International Advisory Committee Jörg Aichelin, Nantes Federico Antinori, Padova Tamás Biró, Budapest Peter Braun-Munzinger, GSI Jean Cleymans, Cape Town László Csernai, Bergen Timothy Hallman, BNL Huan Zhong Huang, UCLA Sonja Kabana, Nantes Roy A Lacey, Stony Brook Carlos Lourenço, CERN Yu-Gang Ma, Shanghai Jes Masden, Aarhus Yasuo Miake, Tsukuba Berndt Müller, Duke Grazyna Odyniec, LBNL Helmut Oeschler, Darmstadt Jan Rafelski, Arizona Hans Georg Ritter, LBNL Jack Sandweiss, Yale George S F Stephans, MIT Horst Stöcker, Frankfurt Thomas Ullrich, BNL Orlando Villalobos-Baillie, Birmingham William A Zajc, Columbia

  16. Nonlinear integral equations for the sausage model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahn, Changrim; Balog, Janos; Ravanini, Francesco

    2017-08-01

    The sausage model, first proposed by Fateev, Onofri, and Zamolodchikov, is a deformation of the O(3) sigma model preserving integrability. The target space is deformed from the sphere to ‘sausage’ shape by a deformation parameter ν. This model is defined by a factorizable S-matrix which is obtained by deforming that of the O(3) sigma model by a parameter λ. Clues for the deformed sigma model are provided by various UV and IR information through the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz (TBA) analysis based on the S-matrix. Application of TBA to the sausage model is, however, limited to the case of 1/λ integer where the coupled integral equations can be truncated to a finite number. In this paper, we propose a finite set of nonlinear integral equations (NLIEs), which are applicable to generic value of λ. Our derivation is based on T-Q relations extracted from the truncated TBA equations. For a consistency check, we compute next-leading order corrections of the vacuum energy and extract the S-matrix information in the IR limit. We also solved the NLIE both analytically and numerically in the UV limit to get the effective central charge and compared with that of the zero-mode dynamics to obtain exact relation between ν and λ. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  17. Hydrogen and helium in the spectra of Type Ia supernovae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lundqvist, Peter; Mattila, Seppo; Sollerman, Jesper; Kozma, Cecilia; Baron, E.; Cox, Nick L. J.; Fransson, Claes; Leibundgut, Bruno; Spyromilio, Jason

    2013-10-01

    We present predictions for hydrogen and helium emission line luminosities from circumstellar matter around Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) using time dependent photoionization modelling. Early high-resolution ESO/Very Large Telescope (VLT) optical echelle spectra of the SN Ia 2000cx were taken before and up to ˜70 d after maximum to probe the existence of such narrow emission lines from the supernova. We detect no such lines, and from our modelling place an upper limit on the mass-loss rate for the putative wind from the progenitor system, dot{M}≲ 1.3× 10^{-5} M_{⊙} yr^{-1}, assuming a speed of 10 km s-1 and solar abundances for the wind. If the wind would be helium-enriched and/or faster, the upper limit on dot{M} could be significantly higher. In the helium-enriched case, we show that the best line to constrain the mass-loss would be He I λ10 830. In addition to confirming the details of interstellar Na I and Ca II absorption towards SN 2000cx as discussed by Patat et al., we also find evidence for 6613.56 Å diffuse interstellar band absorption in the Milky Way. We also discuss measurements of the X-ray emission from the interaction between the supernova ejecta and the wind and we re-evaluate observations of SN 1992A obtained ˜16 d after maximum by Schlegel & Petre. We find an upper limit of dot{M}˜ 1.3× 10^{-5} M_{⊙} yr^{-1} which is significantly higher than that estimated by Schlegel & Petre. These results, together with the previous observational work on the normal SNe Ia 1994D and 2001el, disfavour a symbiotic star in the upper mass-loss rate regime (so-called Mira-type systems) from being the likely progenitor scenario for these SNe. Our model calculations are general, and can also be used for the subclass of SNe Ia that do show circumstellar interaction, e.g. the recent PTF 11kx. To constrain hydrogen in late-time spectra, we present ESO/VLT and ESO/New Technology Telescope optical and infrared observations of SNe Ia 1998bu and 2000cx in the

  18. Garnet from diamondiferous metamorphic rocks of Kokchetav massif, Kazakhstan as a peak pressure recorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobolev, N. V.; Palyanov, Y. N.; Shatsky, V. S.; Sokol, A. G.; Tomilenko, A. A.

    2003-12-01

    Garnet is a key mineral coexisting with diamond both in kimberlite (as xenocrysts, in diamondiferous garnet peridotites and eclogites, as inclusions in diamond) and in UHP metamorphic rocks of Kokchetav massif (diamondiferous gneisses, garnet-pyroxene rocks, dolomitic marbles and diamond facies eclogites). In UHPM rocks garnets are of particular importance as inclusions in zircons protected from retrograde metamorphism. Diamond formation conditions in eclogitic (E-type) upper mantle environment are estimated based upon Grt-Cpx thermometry and coesite barometry (e.g. Sobolev et al., PNAS, 2000, 97:11875) at P=5.5-6.0 GPa and T=1000-1300° C. These data are supported by diamond synthesis in carbonate-silicate fluid (e.g. Palyanov et al., Nature, 1999, 400: 417). E-type garnet may dissolve up to 0.3 wt.% Na2O (Sobolev, Lavrentyev, Contr. Min. Petr., 1971, 31:1) depending on pressure and Na2O contents in coexisting pyroxene and melts (fluids). Majorite component (pyroxene solid solution) was reported in rare garnets from diamonds (e.g. Moore, Gurney, Nature, 1985, 318:553) and UHP conditions were experimentally confirmed for such garnets (Irifune, Phys. Eart. Pl. Int., 1987, 45:324; Gasparik, Phys. Chem. Min., 2002, 29:170; Luth, Am. Miner., 1997, 82:1198). Garnets from Kokchetav diamondiferous metamorphic rocks demonstrate considerably lower Na2O solubility (up to 0.2 wt.% in rare samples) and absence of majorite component. However, coexisting pyroxenes may contain up to 50 mol.% jadeite. Several UHP experiments performed with Kokchetav eclogites and dolomitic marbles using a split-sphere apparatus resulted in detection of up to 0.3-0.4 wt.% Na2O in newly formed eclogitic garnets at P=5.7 and 7.0 GPa, T=1400 and 1700° C respectively. Majorite component was also determined in newly formed garnets reaching about 5% with Si (pfu)=3.05-3.06. Similar garnets without Na2O were also obtained in UHP experiments with diamondiferous dolomitic marbles (e.g. Palyanov et al

  19. Influence of temperature on the spreading velocity of simplified-step adhesive systems.

    PubMed

    Pazinatto, Flávia Bittencourt; Marquezini, Luiz; Atta, Maria Teresa

    2006-01-01

    Flowability and viscosity vary for different adhesive systems owing to differences in their composition. These characteristics can be modified by environmental temperature. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of temperature on the spreading (flow capacity) of simplified-step adhesive systems. Spreading velocities of adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond and Single Bond Plus [3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA]; Prime & Bond 2.1 and Prime & Bond NT [Dentsply Indústria e Comércio Ltda, Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil]; Adper Prompt [3M ESPE]; and One Up Bond F [Tokuyama Corp, Tokyo, Japan]) were analyzed at intervals of 10, 15, 20, and 30 seconds at both 25 degrees C and 37 degrees C by placing 10 microL drops on a glass slide surface with an inclination of 45 degrees. The spreading of each adhesive system was measured in millimeters per second. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Student-Newman-Keuls tests. Regression analysis was used to determine a correlation between spreading velocity and time. Statistical significance was considered at a confidence level of 95%. Temperature influenced the spreading velocity, increasing it for Single Bond and Prime & Bond 2.1 and decreasing it for Adper Prompt (p < .05). No differences on spreading were observed for the other adhesives studied (p >.05). Regression analysis of each adhesive system demonstrated an inverse correlation between mean spreading velocity and time (R2 = .999) on both temperatures. Temperature increases yielded an increase of spreading for Single Bond and Prime & Bond 2.1. The influence of temperature on the spreading velocity was material dependent. Environmental temperature can influence the rate of spreading of the adhesive system in clinically relevant times and may influence adhesive thickness on cavity walls.

  20. Homeopathic medicines for prevention of influenza and acute respiratory tract infections in children: blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Siqueira, Camila Monteiro; Homsani, Fortune; da Veiga, Venício Féo; Lyrio, Carlos; Mattos, Haroldo; Passos, Sonia Regina Lambert; Couceiro, José Nelson; Quaresma, Carla Holandino

    2016-02-01

    Influenza and its complications are common at all ages, especially in children. Vaccines and anti-influenza drugs aim to prevent it. Preventative approaches with favorable risk profiles should be considered for flu, particularly since the evidence of the efficacy of anti-viral drugs is debated. This pragmatic clinical trial was conducted in the Brazilian Public Health System in Petrópolis (BPHSP) with children aged from 1 to 5 years old. The medications used were mainly selected based on in vitro experiments (InfluBio), and in successful qualitative clinical experiences (Homeopathic Complex). Following informed parental consent, subjects were randomly distributed, in a blind manner, to three experimental groups: Homeopathic Complex, Placebo, and InfluBio. BPHSP health agents collected flu and acute respiratory infection symptomatic episodes monthly following the established protocol. The number of these episodes was registered in one year (2009-2010). Out of the 600 children recruited, 445 (74.17%) completed the study (149: Homeopathic complex; 151: Placebo; 145: InfluBio). The number of flu and acute respiratory infection symptomatic episodes detected in this clinical trial was low; however, it was different between homeopathic groups and placebo (p < 0.001). In the first year post-intervention, 46/151 (30.5%) of children in the placebo group developed 3 or more flu and acute respiratory infection episodes, while there was no episode in the group of 149 children who used Homeopathic Complex, and only 1 episode in the group of 145 (1%) children who received InfluBio. These results suggested that the use of homeopathic medicines minimized the number of flu and acute respiratory infection symptomatic episodes in children, signalizing that the homeopathic prophylactic potential should be investigated in further studies. Copyright © 2015 The Faculty of Homeopathy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Buoyancy-driven convection and mixing in magma chambers - the case of Phlegraean Fields caldera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montagna, Chiara P.; Longo, Antonella; Bagagli, Matteo; Papale, Paolo

    2016-04-01

    Ascent of primitive magmas from depth into shallow, partially degassed reservoirs is commonly assumed to be a viable eruption trigger. At Phlegraean Fields (Southern Italy), processes of convection and mixing have been identified as taking an active part both in pre- and syn-eruptive stages in many eruptions of different size. We performed numerical simulations of magma chamber replenishment referring to an archetypal case whereby a shallow, small magma chamber containing degassed phonolite is invaded by volatile-rich shoshonitic magma coming from a deeper, larger reservoir. The system evolution is solely driven by buoyancy, as the magma entering the shallower chamber is less dense than the degassed, resident phonolite. The evolution in space and time of physical quantities such as pressure, gas content and density is highly heterogeneous; nonetheless, an overall decreasing exponential trend in time can be observed and characterizes the whole process. The same exponentially decreasing trend can be observed in the amplitude of the ground deformation signals (seismicity over the whole frequency spectrum) calculated from the results of the magmatic dynamics. Exponential decay in the efficiency of the mixing process has been also observed experimentally, albeit on much smaller length and time scales (Morgavi et al., Contrib. Min. Petr. 2013). Depending on the initial and boundary conditions explored, such as chamber geometry or density contrast, the time constant thus the duration of the process can vary. Independently, the evolution of pressure in the magmatic system also depends on the initial and boundary conditions, leading either to eruption-favourable conditions or not. Relating the time scales for convective processes to be effective with their outcomes in terms of stresses at the chamber boundaries can substantially improve our ability to forecast eruptions at volcanoes worldwide.

  2. Electron probe microanalysis for high pressure minerals investigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lavrentiev, Y. G.; Sobolev, N. V.; Korolyuk, V. N.; Usova, L. V.

    2007-12-01

    In the early 1968 in Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, Novosibirsk, electron probe microanalyzer MS-46 was installed and started to operate for high pressure minerals EPMA investigation. In collaboration with Geophysical Laboratory of Carnegie Institution (Drs. F.R. Boyd, F. Schairer) a set of standards for silicates analysis was developed. Technique for quantitative analysis was developed (Lavrentiev et al., 1974, Zavodsk. Lab., v. 40, p. 657-661) and applied for the first in the USSR analyses of pyropes, associated with Siberian diamonds both as inclusions and xenoliths of diamondiferous peridotites (Sobolev et al., 1969, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, v. 188, p. 1141-1143; v. 189, p. 162-165). As a result of that research, unique Cr-rich subcalcic pyropes with high knorringite content were found in diamond-bearing kimberlites only and new mineralogical criteria for diamond exploration were developed (Sobolev 1971, Geol. Geofiz., v. 12, p. 70-80) which are still in use worldwide. Further development of electron probe instruments (JXA-5A, Camebax Micro, JXA-8100) and computers, as well as development of analysis technique led to creation of large analytical database. In another field of EPMA - determination of small concentrations of elements - for the first time importance of 0.01-0.3% Na2O admixtures in garnets (Sobolev, Lavrentiev, 1971, Contrib. Min. Petr., v. 31, p. 1-12) and K2O in clinopyroxenes (Sobolev et al., 1970, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, v. 192, p. 1349-1352) were demonstrated. Since then, determination of sodium content in EPMA of garnets and potassium in pyroxenes became a routine technique. Last generation analyzer (JXA-8100) provided record results down to 6 ppm in detection limit of Ni in pyropes (Lavrentiev et al., Rus. Geol. Geophys., 2006, v. 47, p. 1090-1093). As a result, application of EPMA for single mineral geothermometry (currently based mainly on PIXE method) becomes possible.

  3. Particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon spatial variability and aging in Mexico City

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thornhill, D. A.; Herndon, S. C.; Onasch, T. B.; Wood, E. C.; Zavala, M.; Molina, L. T.; Gaffney, J. S.; Marley, N. A.; Marr, L. C.

    2007-11-01

    As part of the Megacities Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations (MILAGRO) study in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area in March 2006, we measured particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other gaseous species and particulate properties at six locations throughout the city. The measurements were intended to support the following objectives: to describe spatial and temporal patterns in PAH concentrations, to gain insight into sources and transformations of PAHs, and to quantify the relationships between PAHs and other pollutants. Total particulate PAHs at the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (T0 supersite) located near downtown averaged 50 ng m-3, and aerosol active surface area averaged 80 mm2 m-3. PAHs were also measured on board the Aerodyne Mobile Laboratory, which visited six sites encompassing a mixture of different land uses and a range of ages of air parcels transported from the city core. Weak intersite correlations suggest that local sources are important and variable and that exposure to PAHs cannot be represented by a single regional-scale value. The relationships between PAHs and other pollutants suggest that a variety of sources and ages of particles are present. Among carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and carbon dioxide, particulate PAHs are most strongly correlated with NOx. Mexico City's PAH-to-black carbon mass ratio of 0.01 is similar to that found on a freeway loop in the Los Angeles area and approximately 8-30 times higher than that found in other cities. Ratios also indicate that primary combustion particles are rapidly coated by secondary aerosol in Mexico City. If so, the lifetime of PAHs may be prolonged if the coating protects them against photodegradation or heterogeneous reactions.

  4. {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and aliphatic hydrocarbons in gas and particle phases in two sites of Mexico: MILAGRO project}

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amador-Muñoz, O.; Villalobos-Pietrini, R.; Castro, T.; Gaspariano-Larino, R.

    2009-04-01

    Aliphatic hydrocarbons are markers of anthropogenic and biogenic emission sources1; meanwhile PAHs are generated by incomplete combustion sources2. The last ones are important compounds due to their carcinogenic and mutagenic properties3,4. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify aliphatic hydrocarbons and PAHs in gas and particles phases of the atmospheric aerosol and to determine the day and night time behavior during the MILAGRO (Megacity Initiative: Local Global and Research Observations) campaign. The gas phase was collected on polyurethane foam, while particles less than 2.5 m (PM2.5) were collected on glass fiber filters covered with Teflon (TIGF, pallflex) of 8x10 in. Samplings were carried out with a high volume sampler (Tisch) with a flow of 1.13 m3 min-1 at two sites: Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (T0) and Tecamac (T1) located at North and Northeast of Mexico City, respectively during day (7:00 am-7:00 pm) and night time (7:00 pm-7:00 am) from 1 to 29 of March, 2006. Ninteen PAHs and 23 aliphatic hydrocarbons from n-C13H28 to n-C35H72 were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in impact mode. The samples were spiked with deuterads PAHs and aliphatics hydrocarbons before ultrasound extraction. Medians comparisons were made with Mann-Whitney U test. PAHs with molecular weight (MW) less than 228 g mol-1 were distributed in the gas phase, in both sites. Higher concentrations of PAHs ≥ 228 g mol-1 in PM2.5, were observed during night period (p

  5. Soot and SO2 contribution to the supersites in the MILAGRO campaign from elevated flares in the Tula Refinery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almanza, V. H.; Molina, L. T.; Sosa, G.

    2012-11-01

    This work presents a simulation of the plume trajectory emitted by flaring activities of the Miguel Hidalgo Refinery in Mexico. The flame of a representative sour gas flare is modeled with a CFD combustion code in order to estimate emission rates of combustion by-products of interest for air quality: acetylene, ethylene, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, soot and sulfur dioxide. The emission rates of NO2 and SO2 were compared with measurements obtained at Tula as part of MILAGRO field campaign. The rates of soot, VOCs and CO emissions were compared with estimates obtained by Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (IMP). The emission rates of these species were further included in WRF-Chem model to simulate the chemical transport of the plume from 22 to 27 March of 2006. The model presents reliable performance of the resolved meteorology, with respect to the Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), mean bias (BIAS), vector RMSE and Index of Agreement (IOA). WRF-Chem outputs of SO2 and soot were compared with surface measurements obtained at the three supersites of MILAGRO campaign. The results suggest a contribution of Tula flaring activities to the total SO2 levels of 18% to 27% at the urban supersite (T0), and of 10% to 18% at the suburban supersite (T1). For soot, the model predicts low contribution at the three supersites, with less than 0.1% at three supersites. According to the model, the greatest contribution of both pollutants to the three supersites occurred on 23 March, which coincides with the third cold surge event reported during the campaign.

  6. Human-induced Terrestrial Water Storage Change: A Global Analysis using Hydrological Models and GRACE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Felfelani, F.; Pokhrel, Y. N.

    2016-12-01

    Hydrological models and data derived from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission are used to study terrestrial water storage (TWS) change; however, both have disadvantages that necessitate the integrated use of them. While GRACE doesn't disintegrate the vertical storage into its components, most models do not account for human activities. Here we use two Land Surface Models (LSMs), i.e., HiGW-MAT and PCRGLOBWB that fully couple natural and human drivers of changes in water cycle, explicitly simulating the changes in various TWS compartments. We first evaluate the models performance with GRACE observations. Then, we quantify the human footprint over global river basins located in different geographic and climate regions. To quantify human impacts, a new framework is proposed based on the GRACE observations (representing both climate variability and human activities) together with the natural simulation of LSMs using water budget equation (P-ET-R; P for precipitation, ET for evapotranspiration, and R for runoff). Finally, we examine the uncertainty in TWS simulations arising from the uncertainties in forcing data. Results indicate that, in snow-dominated regions, PCRGLOBWB generally fails to reproduce neither the interannual variability of observed TWS nor the seasonal cycle, while HiGW-MAT model shows significantly better results. In basins with human signatures, PCRGLOBWB generally shows better agreement with GRACE compared to HiGW-MAT. It is found that HiGW-MAT tends to overestimate groundwater depletion in basins with human impacts (e.g., Amudarya, Colorado, Euphrates and Indus), which results in larger negative interannual TWS trend compared to GRACE. Euphrates and Ganges river basins experience the highest human-induced TWS deficit rates (2.08 cm/yr and 1.94 cm/yr, respectively) during the simulation period of 2002-2010. Uncertainty analysis of results from the same model but with different forcing data suggests a high standard

  7. Toxaphene deposition to Lake Ontario via precipitation, 1994-1998.

    PubMed

    Burniston, Deborah A; Strachan, William M J; Wilkinson, Robert J

    2005-09-15

    Precipitation samples collected continuously at Point Petre on Lake Ontario from November 1994 through December 1998 were analyzed for total toxaphene (=sum of hexa-, hepta-, octa-, and nonachloro bornanes) and chlorobornane congeners (1997-98 only). Composite triplicate samples were collected during 4-week intervals throughoutthe 4-year study using heated wet-only samplers. These results represent the first detailed data for toxaphene in Great Lakes precipitation. Seasonal volume-weighted mean concentrations for total toxaphene in precipitation ranged from 0.25 to 1.5 ng/L. Highest concentrations were found during the four spring (March-May) periods at roughly twice the annual means. The pattern for hexathrough nona-homologues over the 4 years did not vary appreciably with average ratios (relative to hepta-) of 0.08: 1.0:1.3:0.2. The volume-weighted mean concentrations for individual chlorobornane congeners were consistent in their season pattern with maximums seen in the spring. The major chlorobornane in precipitation, B8-2229 (Parlar 44), which was present at concentrations ranging from 0.016 to 0.079 ng/L, constituted 28 and 29% of the congener sum for 1997 and 1998, respectively. Lakewide loadings of toxaphene for Lake Ontario via precipitation were estimated to be 12, 17, 12, and 13 kg/year for 1995-1998, respectively. Previous toxaphene loading estimates were calculated for the individual Great Lakes on the basis of the only concentration data available, a single precipitation estimate of 0.2 ng/L from early work in northwestern Ontario. The loading estimates in this study indicate that precipitation inputs of toxaphene are 3-4 times higher than previously reported for Lake Ontario. The 1998 estimates of Lake Ontario wet deposition flux are 50% of the estimated gas deposition flux. However, wet flux values from this study exceed the net gas-phase mass transfer of toxaphene across the air-water interface.

  8. Structural and Tectonic Map Along the Pacific-North America Plate Boundary in Northern Gulf of California, Sonora Desert and Valle de Mexicali, Mexico, from Seismic Reflection Evidence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez-Escobar, M.; Suarez-Vidal, F.; Mendoza-Borunda, R.; Martin Barajas, A.; Pacheco-Romero, M.; Arregui-Estrada, S.; Gallardo-Mata, C.; Sanchez-Garcia, C.; Chanes-Martinez, J.

    2012-12-01

    Between 1978 and 1983, Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) carried on an intense exploration program in the northern Gulf of California, the Sonora Desert and the southern part of the Mexicali Valley. This program was supported by a seismic reflection field operation. The collected seismic data was 2D, with travel time of 6 s recording, in 48 channels, and the source energy was: dynamite, vibroseis and air guns. Since 2007 to present time, the existing seismic data has been re-processing and ire-interpreting as part of a collaboration project between the PEMEX's Subdirección de Exploración (PEMEX) and CICESE. The study area is located along a large portion of the Pacific-North America plate boundary in the northern Gulf of California and the Southern part of the Salton Trough tectonic province (Mexicali Valley). We present the result of the processes reflection seismic lines. Many of the previous reported known faults were identify along with the first time described located within the study region. We identified regions with different degree of tectonic activity. In structural map it can see the location of many of these known active faults and their associated seismic activity, as well as other structures with no associated seismicity. Where some faults are mist placed they were deleted or relocated based on new information. We included historical seismicity for the region. We present six reflection lines that cross the aftershocks zone of the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 (Mw7.2). The epicenter of this earthquake and most of the aftershocks are located in a region where pervious to this earthquake no major earthquakes are been reported. A major result of this study is to demonstrate that there are many buried faults that increase the seismic hazard.

  9. A comparison of the response of Simocephalus mixtus (Cladocera) and Daphnia magna to contaminated freshwater sediments.

    PubMed

    Martínez-Jerónimo, Fernando; Cruz-Cisneros, Jade Lizette; García-Hernández, Leonardo

    2008-09-01

    The southeast region of Mexico is characterized by intensive oil industry activities carried out by the national public enterprise Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX). The freshwater lagoon "El Limón", located in the municipality of Macuspana, state of Tabasco, Mexico, has received over 40 years discharges of untreated waste waters from the Petrochemical Complex "Ciudad PEMEX", located on the border of the lagoon. To assess the toxicity of the sediments and, hence, to obtain information on the biological effects of these contaminating discharges, the cladoceran Simocephalus mixtus was used as a test organism in acute (48h) and chronic (12d) toxicity assays. For comparison purposes, bioassays were also conducted with the reference cladoceran Daphnia magna. The sediments of this lagoon contain important amounts of metals and hydrocarbons that have been accumulated over time; however, the acute tests only registered reduced lethal effects on the test organisms (maxima of 10% and 17% mortality for D. magna and S. mixtus, respectively). This may be due to low bioavailability of the pollutants present in the sediments. On the other hand, partial or total inhibition and delay in the start of reproduction, reduction in clutch sizes, reduced survival, as well as reduction in the size of adults and offspring were recorded in the chronic assays. The most evident chronic effects were found in S. mixtus; in this species, reproduction was inhibited up to 72%, whereas D. magna was only affected by 24%. We determined that S. mixtus is a more sensitive test organism than D. magna to assess whole-sediment toxicity in tropical environments, and that chronic exposure bioassays are required for an integrated sediment evaluation. The sediments from "El Limón" lagoon induced chronic intoxication responses and, therefore, remediation measures are urgently needed to recover environmental conditions suitable for the development of its aquatic biota.

  10. The Chicxulub Impact - Connection to K/T Boundary Event Based on Petrophysical and Paleomagnetic Investigations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elbra, T.; Pesonen, L. J.

    2004-12-01

    Establishing relationships between the Chicxulub impact crater and the K/T boundary event has been one of the main reasons for Chicxulub Scientific Drilling what was carried out in framework of the International Continental Drilling Program (ICDP). Drilling-site (Hacienda Yaxcopoil) was chosen on the basis of previous work achieved by drillings of the oil exploratory program by Petróleos Mexicanos and more recently by the National University of Mexico (UNAM). The Yaxcopoil-1 borehole is 1511 m deep, and sampling started from 404 m. Drillcore runs through 3 intervals: the post-impact layer, the impact layer and the pre-impact target rock. Samples of this study were gathered in collaboration of many institutions (Helsinki University, UNAM, Vrije University of Amsterdam and Humboldt University of Berlin) and cover all these intervals. Standard petrophysical and paleomagnetic measurements (including magnetostratigraphy) were carried out in order to clarify some of the dating issues. Results show that paleomagnetic measurements of the drillcore, coupled with petrophysical data provide a good tool of isolating various units including the impact layer, the K/T boundary- and the post-impact sequences. NRM and susceptibility values of samples from pre- and post-impact layers show that most samples are very weakly magnetized, with exception of the interval from 790 m to 900 m that includes the K/T boundary layer. Also our data show that magnetostratigraphy of the impact layer is quite complex due to possible hydrothermal remagnetization process. Additionally these data reveal that the Chicxulub impact event took probably place within the magnetic chron 29R and therefore can be related to K/T boundary event.

  11. PREFACE: 5th European Conference on Neutron Scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikula, Pavel; Hlinka, Jiří; Prokeš, Karel; Dohnálek, Jan; Šittner, Petr; Javorský, Pavel

    2012-02-01

    This volume contains proceedings of ECNS 2011, held in Prague, Czech Republic, 17-22 July 2011. ECNS 2011 was the fifth Conference in a series of meetings organized in various European cities under patronage of the European Neutron Scattering Association, and was preceded by the European Neutron Scattering Conferences in Interlaken (1996), Budapest (1999), Montpellier (2003) and Lund (2007). The positive atmosphere of the Prague meeting of the neutron community can certainly be attributed to recent progress in the extension of the European neutron experimental base, in particular the completion of the ISIS second target station and considerable progress in the European Spallation Source project in Lund. The success of ECNS 2011 has been manifested by the participation of 698 scientists from 36 countries, who presented 231 talks and 534 posters. This proceedings contains 112 papers from authors who wished to have the written versions of their contributions published. The contributions illustrate the broad scale of scientific problems investigated by neutron scattering methods and give a picture of growing activities in the field. The conference chairmen wish to express their thanks to all colleagues who contributed to the organization and preparation of ECNS 2011, in particular the members of the International Advisory Committee, the International Program Committee and the Local Organizing Committee. We very much appreciate the role of Professor Michael Steiner, the President of ENSA, and all ENSA representatives who contributed valuable conceptual input and advice in the preparatory phase of the conference organization. Special thanks go to the editors and all the referees who helped us to publish the ECNS 2011 Proceedings in such a short time. Vladimír SechovskýPetr Lukáš Conference chairmen The PDF contains photographs from the conference and a full list of participants.

  12. Improved model for mercury emission, transport and deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gbor, Philip K.; Wen, Deyong; Meng, Fan; Yang, Fuquan; Zhang, Baoning; Sloan, James J.

    Most regional models that have been developed to study the behaviour of mercury (Hg) in the environment do not include detailed treatment of natural (i.e. non-anthropogenic) Hg emissions. We have developed a Hg emission model including natural sources; incorporated it into the CMAQ-Hg model (US EPA) and used it to study the behaviour of Hg in the atmosphere. Our natural Hg emission model uses an algorithm based on meteorology to calculate the emission from vegetation, soil and water using Hg concentrations in soil and water. Using our new model, we carried out simulations for the months of May to September 2000 inclusive on a domain covering eastern North America containing 75 by 70 grid cells at a resolution of 36 km. The simulated daily average natural Hg emission flux varied between 1.8 and 3.7 ng m -2 h -1, with the maximum occurring in July. The simulation found that the total natural emission averaged across the domain is about twice the anthropogenic emission. Hg concentration in the air and wet deposition amounts were higher in the eastern part of the domain than in the western part and reflected both local sources and transport. We report for the first time comparisons of hourly and daily Hg concentrations measured by CAMNet monitoring stations with model simulations done at the same timescales. The correlation coefficients ( R) between modelled daily average total gaseous Hg concentrations and measurements for Point Petre, Egbert and Burnt Island are between 0.74 and 0.82. Neglecting natural emissions led to poorer correlations (between 0.22 and 0.51), indicating the importance of including an accurate and detailed treatment of natural Hg emissions in atmospheric Hg models.

  13. Bond strength of a resin cement to high-alumina and zirconia-reinforced ceramics: the effect of surface conditioning.

    PubMed

    Valandro, Luiz Felipe; Ozcan, Mutlu; Bottino, Marco Cícero; Bottino, Marco Antonio; Scotti, Roberto; Bona, Alvaro Della

    2006-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two surface conditioning methods on the microtensile bond strength of a resin cement to three high-strength core ceramics: high alumina-based (In-Ceram Alumina, Procera AllCeram) and zirconia-reinforced alumina-based (In-Ceram Zirconia) ceramics. Ten blocks (5 x 6 x 8 mm) of In-Ceram Alumina (AL), In-Ceram Zirconia (ZR), and Procera (PR) ceramics were fabricated according to each manufacturer's instructions and duplicated in composite. The specimens were assigned to one of the two following treatment conditions: (1) airborne particle abrasion with 110-microm Al2O3 particles + silanization, (2) silica coating with 30 microm SiOx particles (CoJet, 3M ESPE) + silanization. Each ceramic block was duplicated in composite resin (W3D-Master, Wilcos, Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil) using a mold made out of silicon impression material. Composite resin layers were incrementally condensed into the mold to fill up the mold and each layer was light polymerized for 40 s. The composite blocks were bonded to the surface-conditioned ceramic blocks using a resin cement system (Panavia F, Kuraray, Okayama, Japan). One composite resin block was fabricated for each ceramic block. The ceramic-composite was stored at 37 degrees C in distilled water for 7 days prior to bond tests. The blocks were cut under water cooling to produce bar specimens (n = 30) with a bonding area of approximately 0.6 mm2. The bond strength tests were performed in a universal testing machine (crosshead speed: 1 mm/min). Bond strength values were statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (< or = 0.05). Silica coating with silanization increased the bond strength significantly for all three high-strength ceramics (18.5 to 31.2 MPa) compared to that of airborne particle abrasion with 110-microm Al2O3 (12.7-17.3 MPa) (ANOVA, p < 0.05). PR exhibited the lowest bond strengths after both Al2O3 and silica coating (12.7 and 18.5 MPa, respectively

  14. Implications of spinel compositions for the petrotectonic history of abyssal peridotite from Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, T.; Jin, Z.; Wang, Y.; Tao, C.

    2012-12-01

    . References [1] Dick, H.J.B., et al., Contrib Mineral Petr., 86:54, 1984. [2] Hellebrand et al., Nature, 410: 677, 2001. [3] Hamdy, M.M. , et al., JGMR, 3(9): 232, 2011.

  15. A Paleomagnetic Traverse of the Frontenac, Sharbot Lake, Mazinaw and Elsevir Terranes, Grenville Province, Ontario

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brett, J. S.; Dunlop, D. J.

    2004-05-01

    A paleomagnetic traverse has been carried out across the Ontario section of the Central Metasedimentary Belt (CMB) of the Precambrian Grenville Province, between the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers in the east and extending west as far as the Bancroft Terrane, where it links with an earlier traverse of the Central Gneiss Belt (CGB) and the CMB Boundary Zone (CMBBZ). 54 sites were sampled, 11 in the Frontenac (F) Terrane, 12 in the Sharbot Lake (SL) Terrane, 12 in the Mazinaw (M) Terrane, 3 in the Bancroft (B) Terrane, and 16 in the Elsevir Terrane, mainly in the Belmont Domain. Ar/Ar thermochronometric work across the CMB by Cosca et al. (Tectonics 10, 959-77, 1991; Contrib. Min. Petr. 110, 211-25, 1992) documented differential unroofing of different terranes and slow cooling (1.0-1.5 oC /Ma) along parallel T-t paths offset by 50-100 Ma for the Frontenac, the western and eastern Elsevir (Ew, Ee) and the CMBBZ. Around 1000 Ma, inferred burial depths were 20 km for the CMBBZ, 15 km for Ew, >20 km for Ee (or M), 10 km for F, and transitional (12-16 km) in SL between F and Ee/M. The very different hornblende, phlogopite, muscovite and biotite Ar/Ar ages between neighboring terranes should have a counterpart in the paleomagnetic results of the terranes because the interval 1100-850 Ma was a time of rapid paleolatitude shift. However our results and previous data from B, CMBBZ and the adjacent CGB (Costanzo-Alvarez & Dunlop, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 157, 89-103, 1998) do not bear this out. F, SL and M have very similar R-polarity poles in the central part of the Grenville Track, while F and SL N-polarity poles are typical 980 Ma Grenville A poles. Cooling through 500oC occurred around 1100 Ma for F but the F poles do not resemble Keweenawan poles of this age. Cooling through 500oC occurred around 950 Ma for Ee/M but the M pole does not match this age. Our Ew mean pole, like that of the Tudor Gabbro, falls off the Grenville Track on a possible pre-Grenvillian track.

  16. Application of artificial neural networks for conformity analysis of fuel performed with an optical fiber sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Possetti, Gustavo Rafael Collere; Coradin, Francelli Klemba; Côcco, Lílian Cristina; Yamamoto, Carlos Itsuo; de Arruda, Lucia Valéria Ramos; Falate, Rosane; Muller, Marcia; Fabris, José Luís

    2008-04-01

    The liquid fuel quality control is an important issue that brings benefits for the State, for the consumers and for the environment. The conformity analysis, in special for gasoline, demands a rigorous sampling technique among gas stations and other economic agencies, followed by a series of standard physicochemical tests. Such procedures are commonly expensive and time demanding and, moreover, a specialist is often required to carry out the tasks. Such drawbacks make the development of alternative analysis tools an important research field. The fuel refractive index is an additional parameter to help the fuel conformity analysis, besides the prospective optical fiber sensors, which operate like transducers with singular properties. When this parameter is correlated with the sample density, it becomes possible to determine conformity zones that cannot be analytically defined. This work presents an application of artificial neural networks based on Radial Basis Function to determine these zones. A set of 45 gasoline samples, collected in several gas stations and previously analyzed according to the rules of Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis, a Brazilian regulatory agency, constituted the database to build two neural networks. The input variables of first network are the samples refractive indices, measured with an Abbe refractometer, and the density of the samples measured with a digital densimeter. For the second network the input variables included, besides the samples densities, the wavelength response of a long-period grating to the samples refractive indices. The used grating was written in an optical fiber using the point-to-point technique by submitting the fiber to consecutive electrical arcs from a splice machine. The output variables of both Radial Basis Function Networks are represented by the conformity status of each sample, according to report of tests carried out following the American Society for Testing and Materials

  17. Bioclimatic changes and landslide recurrence in the mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro: are we ready to face the next landslide disaster?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luiza Coelho Netto, Ana; Facadio, Ana Carolina; Pereira, Roberta; Lima, Pedro Henrique

    2017-04-01

    Paleo-environmental studies point out an alternation of wet and dry periods during the Holocene in southeastern Brazil, marked by the expansion and retraction of the humid tropical rainforest in alternation with the campos de altitude vegetation ('high altitude grassland'); successive episodes of natural fire were recorded from 10,000 to 4,000 years BP in the mountainous region of SE-Brazil, reflecting warm-dry conditions. Present seasonal climatic variability is indicated by an increasing dry spell frequency throughout the XX and early XXI centuries together with an increasing rainfall concentration in the summer when extreme daily totals (above 100 mm) become progressively more frequent. Historical land use changes, at both regional and local scales, are mostly related to this climatic variability. Therefore extreme rainfall induced landslides have been responsible for severe disasters as recorded along the Atlantic slopes of Serra do Mar. The extreme one occurred in January 2011, affecting the municipalities of Nova Friburgo, Teresópolis and Petrópolis. Studies in Nova Friburgo shown the occurrence of 3.622 landslides scars within an area of 421 km2; this rainfall event reached the expected average monthly rainfall (300 mm) in less than 10 hours. The D'Antas creek basin (53 km2) was the most affected area by landslides; 86% of 326 scars where associated with shallow translational mechanisms among which 67% occurred within shallow concave up topographic hollows of 32° slope angle in average. Most of these landslide scars occurred in granite rocks and degraded vegetation due to historical land use changes (last 200 years) including secondary forest (64%) and grasslands (25%). The present-day association between extreme rainfall induced landslides and human induced vegetation changes seem to reflect similar geomorphic responses to natural Holocene bioclimatic changes; a common phenomenon between the two periods is fire (natural fire in the past time and man

  18. Temporal variations in the mantle potential temperatures along the Northwest Hawaiian Ridge using olivine-liquid equilibria: Implications for Hawaiian plume melt flux variations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tree, J. P.; Garcia, M. O.; Putirka, K. D.

    2013-12-01

    The Northwest Hawaiian Ridge extends 2800 km and comprises 47% of the total length of the Hawaiian-Emperor (H-E) Chain. The Ridge contains at least 52 volcanoes whose shape, volume, and distance from neighboring volcanoes vary markedly. The temporal melt flux variation of the H-E has been estimated with various geophysical methods involving fluid dynamics and lithospheric modeling. These models show a dramatic increase (up to 300%) in melt flux over the last 30 Myr. A potential explanation for the increase in melt flux is a temporal increase in the temperature of melting. Olivine thermometry offers the best method for evaluating mantle source temperature variations along the Ridge. An olivine-liquid equilibration temperature estimate can then be recast into a mantle potential temperature after accounting for the heat of fusion during mantle melting and decompression of the mantle as it follows an adiabat to the surface. New whole-rock XRF and olivine analyzes for 18 tholeiitic, three transitional tholeiites, and two picro-basalts from 11 volcanoes spanning the entire length of the Ridge from Middle Bank to Yuryaku (just south of the Bend) were made. These data were used to obtain a temperature estimate of the mantle during shield formation of each volcano. After screening samples for those in chemical equilibrium using a Rhodes diagram and assuming a Kdol-liq(Fe-Mg)=0.345 ×0.03, data from six volcanoes were input into the thermometers of Beattie (1993; Contrib. Mineral. Petr., 118, 103-111) and Putirka et al., (2007; Chemical Geology, 241, 177-206). The results were averaged to estimate mantle potential temperatures. These calculations yield mantle potential temperature estimates that vary positively with volcano volume (e.g., 1460oC at Yuryaku vs 1608-1630oC at Gardner Pinnacles, the largest volume seamount in the Ridge). These results suggest that temperature variations may be playing a significant role in modulating the melt flux of the Ridge. Seven more

  19. OH zoning in alpine quartz from Austria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hertweck, B.; Niedermayr, G.; Beran, A.

    2003-04-01

    change of the water content within one crystal. Such coincidences were not measured with other structural phenomena such as lamellar structure or colour zoning in smoky quartz. A dependency of the hydrogen incorporation from regional metamorphic grades of the host rocks, as known from the Swiss Alps (Bambauer et al., 1962), cannot be derived. Bambauer, H.U., Brunner, G.O. &Laves, F. (1962). Wasserstoff-Gehalte in Quarzen aus Zerrklüften der Schweizer Alpen und die Deutung ihrer regionalen Abhängigkeit. Schweiz. Min. Petr. Mitt. 42, 221-236.

  20. Macroperipatus ohausi: redescription and taxonomic notes on its status (Onychophora: Peripatidae).

    PubMed

    Chagas-Júnior, Amazonas; Costa, Cristiano Sampaio

    2014-09-01

    Onychophora have undergone a new wave of taxonomic revisions in the last three years. After a recent revision, only two species of Macroperipatus are registered from Brazil: Macroperipatus ohausi and Macroperipatus geayi. The former was only the second species of Onychophora to be described from Brazil, and is herein redescribed, illustrated, and its taxonomic status revised. Macroperipatus ohausi had only been collected at the type locality, Petrópolis, state of Rio de Janeiro, but has not been found there since its discovery. In 2009 we collected two specimens of this species in an Atlantic rain forest fragment in Nova Iguaçu in RPPN dos Petroleiros (also state of Rio de Janeiro). The color of the new specimens was interpreted and described based on the NBS/ISCC System of Color Designation, and corresponds only weakly to that described in earlier publications on M ohausi. The identification of M. ohausi was based solely on its morphology and compared with its original description. In addition, a female syntype of M. ohausi deposited in the Zoologisches Museum (Hamburg) was examined. We reinvestigated its external morphology and concluded that the dorsal papillae have been misinterpreted in M ohausi in previous studies of its integument. The new specimens examined are conspecific with M ohausi mainly by having conical primary papillae, different sized accessory papillae, and by the number of legs. Our material resembles.the original description of M ohausi, for example, in spinous pad and nephridial tubercles, even though these features are not represented in the original description and redescription ofM. ohausi; these features are further detailed here. We concluded that the dorsal papillae morphology of M ohausi, shares diagnostic characters, for example, with representatives of the genera Peripatus and Epiperipatus. The dorsal papillae are rounded and not square as in the original description and redescription. Another argument that supports our conclusion

  1. Measurements of aerosol absorption and scattering in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area during the MILAGRO field campaign: a comparison of results from the T0 and T1 sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marley, N. A.; Gaffney, J. S.; Castro, T.; Salcido, A.; Frederick, J.

    2008-07-01

    Measurements of aerosol absorption and scattering were obtained in Mexico City during the MILAGRO (Megacity Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations) field campaign in March 2006. A comparison of aerosol absorption and scattering was obtained in Mexico City at site T0 located in the northern part of Mexico City at the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo Laboratories and at site T1 located at the Universidad Tecnológica de Tecamac, 18 miles northwest of T0. Hourly averages of aerosol absorption were similar at both sites, ranging from 6 93 Mm-1 with an average of 31 Mm-1 at T0; and from 2 104 Mm-1 with an average of 19 Mm-1 at T1. Aerosol scattering at T0 ranged from 16 344 Mm-1 with an average of 105 Mm-1; while the scattering values at T1 were lower than T0 ranging from 2 136 with an average of 53 Mm-1. Aerosol single scattering albedos (SSAs) were determined at both sites using these data. SSAs at T1 ranged from 0.44 0.90 with an average 0.75 as compared to hose at T0, range 0.51 0.93 with an average of 0.77. Broadband UV-B intensity was found to be higher at site T0, with an average of 64 μW/cm2 at solar noon, than at site T1, which had an average of 54 μW/cm2 at solar noon. Comparisons of clear-sky modeled UV-B intensities with the simultaneous UV-B measurements obtained at site T0 and at site T1 for cloudless days indicate a larger diffuse radiation field at site T0 than at site T1. The determination of aerosol scattering Ångstrom coefficient at T0 suggests the larger diffuse radiation is due to the predominance of submicron aerosols at T0 with aerosol scattering of UV-B radiation peaked in the forward direction, leading to the enhancement observed at ground level.

  2. Diffuse Waves and Energy Densities Near Boundaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez-Sesma, F. J.; Rodriguez-Castellanos, A.; Campillo, M.; Perton, M.; Luzon, F.; Perez-Ruiz, J. A.

    2007-12-01

    this energy spectrum, ruling out non linear effects, may influence the seismic response for future earthquakes. Partial supports from DGAPA-UNAM, Project IN114706, Mexico; from Proyect MCyT CGL2005-05500-C02/BTE, Spain; from project DyETI of INSU-CNRS, France, and from the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo are greatly appreciated.

  3. Spatial and temporal variability of particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Mexico City

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thornhill, D. A.; de Foy, B.; Herndon, S. C.; Onasch, T. B.; Wood, E. C.; Zavala, M.; Molina, L. T.; Gaffney, J. S.; Marley, N. A.; Marr, L. C.

    2008-06-01

    As part of the Megacities Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations (MILAGRO) study in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area in March 2006, we measured particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other gaseous species and particulate properties, including light absorbing carbon or effective black carbon (BC), at six locations throughout the city. The measurements were intended to support the following objectives: to describe spatial and temporal patterns in PAH concentrations, to gain insight into sources and transformations of PAHs and BC, and to quantify the relationships between PAHs and other pollutants. Total particulate PAHs at the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (T0 supersite) located near downtown averaged 50 ng m-3, and aerosol active surface area averaged 80 mm2 m-3. PAHs were also measured on board the Aerodyne Mobile Laboratory, which visited six sites encompassing a mixture of different land uses and a range of ages of air parcels transported from the city core. A combination of analyses of time series, back trajectories, concentration fields, pollutant ratios, and correlation coefficients supports the concept of T0 as an urban source site, T1 as a receptor site with strong local sources, Pedregal and PEMEX as intermediate sites, Pico Tres Padres as a vertical receptor site, and Santa Ana as a downwind receptor site. Weak intersite correlations suggest that local sources are important and variable and that exposure to PAHs and BC cannot be represented by a single regional-scale value. The relationships between PAHs and other pollutants suggest that a variety of sources and ages of particles are present. Among carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and carbon dioxide, particulate PAHs are most strongly correlated with NOx. Mexico City's PAH/BC mass ratio of 0.01 is similar to that found on a freeway loop in the Los Angeles area and approximately 8 30 times higher than that found in other cities. Evidence also suggests that primary

  4. Measurements of HNO3 and N2O5 using ion drift-chemical ionization mass spectrometry during the MILAGRO/MCMA-2006 campaign

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, J.; Zhang, R.; Fortner, E. C.; Volkamer, R. M.; Molina, L.; Aiken, A. C.; Jimenez, J. L.; Gaeggeler, K.; Dommen, J.; Dusanter, S.; Stevens, P. S.; Tie, X.

    2008-11-01

    An ion drift-chemical ionization mass spectrometer (ID-CIMS) was deployed in Mexico City between 7 and 31 March to measure gas-phase nitric acid (HNO3) and dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5 during the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA)-2006 field campaign. The observation site was located at the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo in the northern part of Mexico City urban area with major emissions of pollutants from residential, vehicular and industrial sources. Diurnally, HNO3 was less than 200 parts per trillion (ppt) during the night and early morning. The concentration of HNO3 increased steadily from around 09:00 a.m. central standard time (CST), reached a peak value of 0.5 to 3 parts per billion (ppb) in the early afternoon, and then declined sharply to less than half of the peak value near 05:00 p.m. CST. An inter-comparison between the ID-CIMS and an ion chromatograph/mass spectrometer (ICMS) showed a good agreement between the two HNO3 measurements (R2=0.75). The HNO3 mixing ratio was found to anti-correlate with submicron-sized aerosol nitrate, suggesting that the gas-particle partitioning process was a major factor in determining the gaseous HNO3 concentration. Losses by irreversible reactions with mineral dust and via dry deposition also could be important at this site. Most of the times during the MCMA 2006 field campaign, N2O5 was found to be below the detection limit (about 30 ppt for a 10 s integration time) of the ID-CIMS, because of high NO mixing ratio at the surface (>100 ppb) during the night. An exception occurred on 26 March 2006, when about 40 ppt N2O5 was observed during the late afternoon and early evening hours under cloudy conditions before the build-up of NO at the surface site. The results revealed that during the MCMA-2006 field campaign HNO3 was primarily produced from the reaction of OH with NO2 and regulated by gas/particle transfer and dry deposition. The production of HNO3 from N2O5 hydrolysis during the nighttime was small because of

  5. The two Faces of Equipartition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez-Sesma, F. J.; Perton, M.; Rodriguez-Castellanos, A.; Campillo, M.; Weaver, R. L.; Rodriguez, M.; Prieto, G.; Luzon, F.; McGarr, A.

    2008-12-01

    relationship of average autocorrelations with the imaginary part of Green function at the source. Preliminary results are displayed in data sets from Chilpancingo, Mexico, and the Tautona Gold Mine, South Africa, that strongly suggest that equipartition, that guarantees the diffuse nature of seismic fields, has more than one face. Acknowledgements. Partial supports from DGAPA-UNAM, Project IN114706, Mexico; from Proyect MCyT CGL2005-05500-C02/BTE, Spain; from project DyETI of INSU-CNRS, France, and from the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo are greatly appreciated.

  6. Measurements of HNO3 and N2O5 using Ion drift - Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry during the MCMA - 2006 Campaign

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, J.; Zhang, R.; Fortner, E. C.; Molina, L.; Aiken, A. C.; Jimenez, J. L.; Gäggeler, K.; Dommen, J.; Dusanter, S.; Stevens, P. S.; Tie, X.

    2008-03-01

    An ion drift - chemical ionization mass spectrometry (ID-CIMS) was deployed in Mexico City between 5 and 31 March to measure HNO3 and N2O5 during the 2006 Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) field campaign. The observation site, T0, was located at the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo at the center of the Mexico City Basin with major emissions of pollutants from both domestic and industrial sources. Diurnally, HNO3 was less than 200 parts per trillion (ppt) during the night and in the early morning, increased steadily from around 09:00 a.m. central standard time (CST), reached a peak value of 0.5 to 3 parts per billion (ppb) in the early afternoon, and declined sharply to less than half of the peak value near 05:00 p.m. CST. An inter-comparison between the ID-CIMS and an ion chromatograph/mass spectrometer (ICMS) showed a good correlation in the HNO3 measurements (R2=0.75). The HNO3 mixing ratio was found to anti-correlate with aerosol nitrate, suggesting that the gaseous HNO3 concentration was controlled by the gas-particle partitioning process. During most times of the MCMA 2006 field campaign, N2O5 was found to be under the detection limit (about 20 ppt for a 10 s integration time) of the ID-CIMS, because of high NO mixing ratio (>100 ppb) during the night. With one exception on 26 March 2006, about 40 ppt N2O5 was observed during the late afternoon and early evening hours under a cloudy condition, before NO built up at the surface site. The results revealed that during the 2006 MCMA field campaign HNO3 was primarily produced by the reaction of OH with NO2 and regulated by gas/particle partitioning, and HNO3 production from N2O5 hydrolysis during the nighttime was small because of high NO and low O3 concentrations near the surface.

  7. Laser Raman Spectroscopic Characterization of Shocked Plagioclase from the Lonar Impact Crater, India.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakrabarti, R.; Basu, A. R.; Peterson, J.; Misra, S.

    2004-12-01

    from one grain to another, perhaps due to difference in composition. This observation is consistent with previously reported analyses of unshocked plagioclase feldspars. The Raman spectra of the maskelynites from the tektite samples show more flattened-out patterns. Earlier studies have reported the "disappearance" of peaks due to an increased luminescent background in experimentally shocked single plagioclase grains (Heymann and Herz, 1990, Cont. Min. Petr. 17, 38-44, 1990). Our study in multiple variably shocked plagioclase grains of the Lonar basalt impact breccia further corroborates these previous observations and reinstates the importance of Raman Spectroscopy in identifying shocked plagioclase grains.

  8. Mammal inventories for eight National Parks in the Southern Colorado Plateau Network

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bogan, Michael A.; Geluso, Keith; Haymond, Shauna; Valdez, Ernest W.

    2007-01-01

    Historically, the Colorado Plateau has been the subject of many geological and biological explorations. J. W. Powell explored and mapped the canyon country of the Colorado River in 1869 (Powell 1961). C. H. Merriam, V. Bailey, M. Cary, and other employees of the Bureau of Biological Survey conducted biological explorations of the area in the late 1800s. In recent times, researchers such as S. D. Durrant (1952), Durrant and Robinson (1962), D. M. Armstrong (1972), J. S. Findley et al. (1975), D. F. Hoff meister (1986), and J. Fitzgerald et al. (1994) have made considerable contributions to our understanding of the fauna of the Colorado Plateau. Despite earlier efforts, biological details on many regions of the plateau have remained insufficiently explored. In an effort to gather valuable biological information, the National Park Service (NPS) initiated a nationwide program to inventory vascular plants and vertebrates on NPS lands (Stuart 2000). The U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, Arid Lands Field Station became a cooperator on this effort in 2001, when we began mammalian inventories on five parks within the NPS Southern Colorado Plateau Network (SCPN): Aztec Ruins National Monument (AZRU), El Morro National Monument (ELMO), Petroglyph National Monument (PETR), Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (SAPU), and Yucca House National Monument (YUHO). Existing baseline data on mammalian occurrences in these parks varied from very sparse to moderate, with little information available for most parks. In most cases, information was insufficient to assess the status of species of local concern. A final report on inventory efforts on these five parks was submitted in February 2004 (Bogan et al. 2004). In 2003, biologists from the Arid Lands Field Station began work on three additional parks in the SCPN: Bandelier National Monument (BAND), Chaco Culture National Historical Park (CHCU), and El Malpaís National Monument (ELMA). The primary emphasis at

  9. Seismic reflection-based evidence of a transfer zone between the Wagner and Consag basins: implications for defining the structural geometry of the northern Gulf of California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González-Escobar, Mario; Suárez-Vidal, Francisco; Hernández-Pérez, José Antonio; Martín-Barajas, Arturo

    2010-12-01

    This study examines the structural characteristics of the northern Gulf of California by processing and interpreting ca. 415 km of two-dimensional multi-channel seismic reflection lines (data property of Petróleos Mexicanos PEMEX) collected in the vicinity of the border between the Wagner and Consag basins. The two basins appear to be a link between the Delfín Superior Basin to the south, and the Cerro Prieto Basin to the north in the Mexicali-Imperial Valley along the Pacific-North America plate boundary. The seismic data are consistent with existing knowledge of four main structures (master faults) in the region, i.e., the Percebo, Santa María, Consag Sur, and Wagner Sur faults. The Wagner and Consag basins are delimited to the east by the Wagner Sur Fault, and to the west by the Consag Sur Fault. The Percebo Fault borders the western margin of the modern Wagner Basin depocenter, and is oriented N10°W, dipping (on average) ˜40° to the northeast. The trace of the Santa María Fault located in the Wagner Basin strikes N19°W, dipping ˜40° to the west. The Consag Sur Fault is oriented N14°W, and dips ˜42° to the east over a distance of 21 km. To the east of the study area, the Wagner Sur Fault almost parallels the Consag Sur Fault over a distance of ˜86 km, and is oriented N10°W with an average dip of 59° to the east. Moreover, the data provide new evidence that the Wagner Fault is discontinuous between the two basins, and that its structure is more complex than previously reported. A structural high separates the northern Consag Basin from the southern Wagner Basin, comprising several secondary faults oriented NE oblique to the main faults of N-S direction. These could represent a zone of accommodation, or transfer zone, where extension could be transferred from the Wagner to the Consag Basin, or vice versa. This area shows no acoustic basement and/or intrusive body, which is consistent with existing gravimetric and magnetic data for the region.

  10. The Asteroid 1998 QE2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vodniza, Alberto Q.; Pereira, M. R.; Arecibo Observatory Team; JPL Target Asteroids Team

    2013-10-01

    This big asteroid was at 5.8 millions of kilometers from the Earth on May 31 (2013) and it has a diameter of 2.7 km. The radar images obtained by JPL showed that the period of rotation around its axis is close to five hours. Hills. K (2013) reported that the period is of 5.281 +/- 0.002 hours. On June 4 the team of Goldstone-Arecibo found a period of 4.75 +/- 0.01 hours. We also contributed with the light and phase curves to estimate the period by means of the telescope (with red filter). The radar imagery (JPL and Arecibo) revealed that 1998 QE2 has a moon, and we captured a mutual event (eclipse). From our Observatory, located in Pasto-Colombia, we captured several pictures, videos and astrometry data during several days. Our data was published by the Minor Planet Center (MPC) and also appears at the web page of NEODyS. The pictures of the asteroid were captured with the following equipment: CGE PRO 1400 CELESTRON (f/11 Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope) and STL-1001 SBIG camera. We obtained the light curve of the body. Astrometry was carried out, and we calculated the orbital elements. We obtained the following orbital parameters: eccentricity = 0.5692181, semi-major axis = 2.41104631 A.U, orbital inclination = 12.82771 deg, longitude of the ascending node = 250.16876 deg, argument of perihelion = 345.61328 deg, mean motion = 0.26326658 deg/d, perihelion distance = 1.03863508 A.U, aphelion distance = 3.78345755 A.U. The asteroid has an orbital period of 3.74 years The parameters were calculated based on 191 observations (2013 May: 17-24) with mean residual = 0.162 arcseconds. A video of the asteroid from our Observatory was published on the main page of the “SPACEWEATHER” web: http://www.spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=21&month=05&year=2013 Note: The autors would like to thank to: Dr. Alessondra Springmann (Arecibo Observatory), Dr. Petr Pravec (Czech Republic), Dr. Lance Benner (JPL), Dr. Carl Hergenrother (Target Asteroids Team), and Dr. Dolores Hill

  11. A novel vector platform for vitamin H-inducible transgene expression in mammalian cells.

    PubMed

    Weber, Wilfried; Bacchus, William; Gruber, Franziska; Hamberger, Mattia; Fussenegger, Martin

    2007-08-31

    Inducible transgene control systems have been instrumental to gene therapy, biopharmaceutical manufacturing, drug discovery, synthetic biology and functional genomic research. The most widely used heterologous gene regulation systems are responsive to antibiotics of the tetracycline, streptogramin and macrolide classes. Although these antibiotics are clinically licensed, concerns about the emergence of resistant bacteria, side-effects in animal studies, and economic considerations associated with clearance of antibiotics in biopharmaceutical manufacturing, have limited the use of heterologous transgene control modalities to basic research activities. We have therefore designed a strategy to convert antibiotic-responsive transcription factors into gene regulation systems responsive to non-toxic biotin, also known as vitamin H. Constitutive ligation of biotin to the Avitag-containing VP16 transactivation domain by the Escherichia coli biotin ligase BirA enables heterodimerization with tetracycline- (TetR), streptogramin- (Pip), and macrolide- (E) dependent repressors fused to streptavidin, which creates synthetic transactivators able to activate specific promoters (P(hCMV-1), P(PIR), P(ETR)). We have demonstrated (i) that exogenous biotin (40nM) can induce heterologous transgene expression in a biotin- (serum-) free culture environment (biotin-dependent heterodimerization of transactivator); (ii) that excess biotin (above 200microM) gradually represses transgene expression in a biotin- (serum-) containing environment (saturation of streptavidin by excess biotin prevents heterodimerization of the transactivator); and (iii) that avidin can sequestrate endogenous biotin in serum-containing cultures and so repress transgene expression in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, by engineering all off the components required for biotin-controlled transgene expression (Avitag-VP16, repressor-streptavidin, BirA) into a tricistronic (lenti)vector configuration, it was possible

  12. Paleoseismology in Venezuela: Objectives, methods, applications, limitations and perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Audemard M., Franck A.

    2005-10-01

    The privileged location of Venezuela along an active interplate deformation belt, despite of being a "so-called" developing country, has led to a long paleoseismic tradition as attested by 45 trench assessments since 1968. Since then, a first 2-trench study was carried out by the American Woodward-Clyde company across the Oca fault at Sinamaica. Since 1980, all further paleoseismic studies have been performed by FUNVISIS and the Uribante-Caparo hydroelectric project (southern Mérida Andes) became their first assessment where 22 huge trenches were bulldozer-dug. Except for these Compañía Anónima de Administración y Fomento Eléctrico (CADAFE) financed trenches and two others, all other assessments were for Petróleos de Venezuela S. A. -PDVSA-. In this paper, geographic and geologic factors, as well as logistic limitations, conditioning success in paleoseismic studies by trenching, shall be discussed based on the Venezuelan experience developed over the years. The scientific contribution of this approach refer to: confirmation of Holocene fault activity, slip-per-event and average slip rate of a given fault (or segment), seismic potential (repeat of maximum credible earthquakes) of known faults, fault segmentation, fault interaction as consequence of stress loading by stick-slip on contiguous faults, time-space distribution of seismic activity along a given tectonic feature, seismotectonic association of historical earthquakes and landscape evolution on the short term and its implications on the long-term evolution (poorly discussed since this is really part of the field of Neotectonics). In recent years (since 1999), a new approach has been introduced in Venezuela consisting in complementing the seismic history derived from trenching studies with the evaluation of seismically induced perturbations in the continuous Quaternary sedimentary record of (either active or fossil) lakes. The future of this discipline in Venezuela heads to more trenching and lake

  13. Coesite-Diamond Assemblage in Ultrahigh Pressure Crustal and Mantle rocks: Evidence for Carbon Recycling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobolev, N. V.

    2010-12-01

    press, Contr. Min. Petr.). This extensive wide range in δ13C (PDB) for coesite-bearing diamonds, from -28 to +1.5 ‰, along with common crustal δ18O (SMOW) values from the principal rock-forming minerals (garnet and clinopyroxene) and accessory mineral (coesite), is typical for diamondiferous mantle eclogites, crustal UHPM rocks, and DIs. The petrogenetic evidences from all these rocks and minerals are indicative of major subduction of crustal protoliths (Ringwood, 1972, EPSL, 14:233), including the recycling of crustal carbon into diamonds in mantle eclogites, first speculated on by V.S. Sobolev and N.V. Sobolev (1980, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 249: 1217).

  14. 6A.07: AORTIC SYSTOLIC PRESSURE VALUES BUT NOT INDICES DERIVED FROM WAVEFORM FEATURES ARE CONSISTENT BETWEEN BRACHIAL CUFF-BASED DEVICES USED FOR ESTIMATION OF CENTRAL AORTIC PRESSURE.

    PubMed

    Butlin, M; Alqahtani, A; Qasem, A; Turner, M; Avolio, A P

    2015-06-01

    For ease of measurement, and the utility of ambulatory central aortic blood pressure measurement, there has been a move toward brachial cuff-based devices for non-invasive computation of central aortic blood pressure quantities based on waveform features. However, waveforms detected by volumetric cuff displacement techniques are inherently more damped than signals obtained by applanation tonometry, potentially impacting on parameters reliant on higher frequency components of the pulse waveform. In 45 subjects (age 46 ± 17 years, 30 male), in-clinic, seated measurements taken in triplicate using three brachial cuff-based devices (BPLab, [Petr Telgin]; Oscar2, [SunTech/AtCor Medical]; SphygmoCor XCEL, [AtCor Medical]) were compared using repeated measures ANOVA and Bland-Altman statistics against radial tonometric assessment of central aortic pressure (SphygmoCor CvMS, [AtCor Medical]). Results are expressed as means ± standard error. There was good agreement between devices for aortic systolic pressure (aSP) and aortic diastolic pressure (aDP). There was great variability in aortic augmentation index (aAIx), ejection duration (ED) and subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR, Table). Cuff-based device regression slopes against the tonometer-based method varied markedly for aSP (BPLab, 0.76; Oscar2, 0.92; XCEL, 0.77), aAIx (BPLab, 0.32; Oscar2, 0.74; XCEL, 0.88), ED (BPLab, 1.07; Oscar2 does not report; XCEL, 0.83), and SEVR (BPLab, 0.16; Oscar2 does not report; XCEL, 0.81).(Figure is included in full-text article.) : Parameters relying on the low frequency components of the peripheral waveform have better agreement between cuff-based devices than parameters that rely on higher frequency waveform components. Further research is required for quantitative assessment of filtering methods utilised in cuff-based devices, as well as the cuff-based approach itself for use in measuring AIx, ED and SEVR.

  15. VGG2002, a new high-resolution geoid for Venezuela and Eastern Caribbean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Acuña, G.; Bosch, W.

    2003-04-01

    This paper describes a new high-resolution geoid for Venezuela and the East Caribbean Sea. The Venezuelan Gravimetric Geoid 2002 (VGG2002) covers the area between 0oN-20oN and 285oE-305oE with a resolution of 1'x1'. An additional 2o-zone was included to avoid boundary effects. About 1.5 million free-air gravity anomalies were used. They originate from PDVSA (Petróleos de Venezuela S.A.), BGI (Bureau Gravimetrique International) and the GEODAS data base of NGDC (National Geophysical Data Center). In marine areas, 1'x1' gravity anomalies derived from altimetry (S&Sv9.1) were also included. In order to determined the long wavelength geoid signal the EGM96 global geopotential model was used as reference. Short wavelength contributions were derived from a digital terrain model with 30'' (GTOPO30 model) and 2' (S&Sv8.2 model) resolution respectively. Using the GRAVSOFT software, the geoid undulations were computed with the remove-restore technique. The computation involves a spherical approximation to evaluate the Stokes integral by two dimensional spherical Fast Fourier Transform with 100% zero-padding. The terrain corrections were computed by Residual Terrain Model method using prism numeric integration and taking into account the topographic anomalies relative to a mean height surface of 15'x15' resolution. This surface was obtained by a moving average of the digital terrain model. In marine areas the height anomalies were completed by mean sea level deviations of POCM, an oceanographic model of the ocean dynamic topography. Subsequently, the quasi-geoid was converted to geoid heights. The accuracy was evaluated by about 300 GPS/leveling stations and absolute differences to TOPEX/Poseidon (nine years) mean sea surface profiles. These show that the absolute agreement with respect to the national vertical datum is generally better than 30 cm RMS for most parts of Venezuela, 15 cm RMS in coastal areas and 5 cm RMS at sea.

  16. Chandra Discovers Cosmic Cannonball

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-11-01

    One of the fastest moving stars ever seen has been discovered with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. This cosmic cannonball is challenging theories to explain its blistering speed. Astronomers used Chandra to observe a neutron star, known as RX J0822-4300, over a period of about five years. During that span, three Chandra observations clearly show the neutron star moving away from the center of the Puppis A supernova remnant. This remnant is the stellar debris field created during the same explosion in which the neutron star was created about 3700 years ago. Chandra X-ray Image of RX J0822-4300 in Puppis A Chandra X-ray Image of RX J0822-4300 in Puppis A By combining how far it has moved across the sky with its distance from Earth, astronomers determined the neutron star is moving at over 3 million miles per hour. At this rate, RX J0822-4300 is destined to escape from the Milky Way after millions of years, even though it has only traveled about 20 light years so far. "This star is moving at 3 million miles an hour, but it's so far away that the apparent motion we see in five years is less than the height of the numerals in the date on a penny, seen from the length of a football field," said Frank Winkler of Middlebury College in Vermont. "It's remarkable, and a real testament to the power of Chandra, that such a tiny motion can be measured." Labeled Image of RX J0822-4300 in Puppis A Labeled Image of RX J0822-4300 in Puppis A "Just after it was born, this neutron star got a one-way ticket out of the Galaxy," said co-author Robert Petre of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. "Astronomers have seen other stars being flung out of the Milky Way, but few as fast as this." So-called hypervelocity stars have been previously discovered shooting out of the Milky Way with speeds around one million miles per hour. One key difference between RX J0822-4300 and these other reported galactic escapees is the source of their speed. The hypervelocity stars are

  17. The Atlantis Bank gabbro-suite was not a "normal" magma-chamber that produced basalts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kvassnes, A. J.; Dick, H. J. B.; Grove, T. L.

    2003-04-01

    matrix. When clinopyroxene precipitates onto the plagioclase network, the oikocrysts appear more primitive than the original melt that produced the chadacrysts. The oikocryst also become reversely zoned, nucleating on the plagioclase network and growing inward. The resulting melt affected this way will have crystallized Mg-rich clinopyroxene. It is possible that this effect commonly occurs during melt transport in the lower crust and solve the well-known pyroxene paradox previously explained by high-pressure crystallization. If a melt containing dissolved minerals pools, it may be erupted and would result in basalts that appear more primitive than they otherwise would be. The gabbro-suite at Atlantis Bank is not, then, a result of simple fractional crystallization or magma mixing but rather represent part of a complex system of repeated intrusions a mush. Furthermore, if the melts that produced the crust were mantle derived, they fractionated 30-40% elsewhere before they reached the crustal levels sampled in this study and 600+ meters of gabbro exist either below the Hole or in the mantle, though the latter is apparently not required. References: Dick, H. J. B., Ozawa, K., Meyer, P. S., Niu, Y., Robinson, P.T., Constantin, M., Hebert, R., Natland, J. H., Hirth, J. G., Mackie, S. M., 2002. Primary Silicate Mineral Chemistry of a 1.5-km Section of Very Slow Spreading Lower Ocean Crust: ODP Hole 735B, South West Indian Ridge. In: Proceeding of the Ocean Drilling Program, Vol. 176, Scientific Results, Return to Hole 735B, pp 1-60. Elthon, D., Stewart, M., Ross, D. K., 1992. Compositional Trends of Minerals in Oceanic Cumulates. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol 97, B11, p15,189-15,199. Ghiorso M. S., Sack, R. O., 1995. Chemical Mass Transfer in magmatic Processes IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation and extrapolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Cont. Min. Petr., 119, p

  18. How Tiny Collisions Shape Mercury

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-07-01

    If space rocks are unpleasant to encounter, space dust isnt much better. Mercurys cratered surface tells of billions of years of meteoroid impacts but its thin atmosphere is what reveals its collisional history with smaller impactors. Now new research is providing a better understanding of what were seeing.Micrometeoroids Ho!The inner solar system is bombarded by micrometeoroids, tiny particles of dust (on the scale of a tenth of a millimeter) emitted by asteroids and comets as they make their closest approach to the Sun. This dust doesnt penetrateEarths layers of atmosphere, but the innermost planet of our solar system, Mercury, doesnt have this convenient cushioning.Just as Mercury is affected by the impacts of large meteoroids, its also shaped by the many smaller-scale impacts it experiences. These tiny collisions are thought to vaporize atoms and molecules from the planets surface, which quickly dissociate. This process adds metals to Mercurys exosphere, the planets extremely tenuous atmosphere.Modeling PopulationsDistribution of the directions from which meteoroids originate before impacting Mercurys surface, as averaged over its entire orbit. Local time of 12 hr corresponds to the Sun-facing side. A significant asymmetry is seen between the dawn (6 hrs) and dusk (18 hrs) rates. [Pokorn et al. 2017]The metal distribution in the exosphere provides a way for us to measure the effect of micrometeoroid impacts on Mercury but this only works if we have accurate models of the process. A team of scientists led by Petr Pokorn (The Catholic University of America and NASA Goddard SFC) has now worked to improve our picture of micrometeoroid impact vaporization on Mercury.Pokorn and collaborators argue that two meteoroid populations Jupiter-family comets (short-period) and Halley-type comets (long-period) contribute the dust for the majority of micrometeoroid impacts on Mercury. The authors model the dynamics and evolution of these two populations, reproducing the

  19. What can zircon ages from the Jack Hills detrital zircon suite really tell us about Hadean geodynamics?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitehouse, Martin; Nemchin, Alexander

    2015-04-01

    dataset, only 111 grains have been analysed at least twice and of these, only 48 give a consistent internal age, while only 14 have been analysed more than twice and can strictly be considered to yield true ages. Two resulting age peaks at 4.18 - 4.08 Ga and 4.05 - 3.98 Ga potentially represent major magmatic events in the Hadean. In order to explain ages >4.18 Ga, a magmatic event as old as the oldest reliable Jack Hills zircon age of 4.374 Ga is also required. The significance of this limited number of magmatic events for Hadean global geodynamic models will be discussed. References: [1] Harrison, T.M. et al. Geochim Cosmochim Ac 69 (10), A390-A390 (2005), [2] Peck, et al. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 65 (22), 4215-4229 (2001), [3] Kemp, A.I.S. et al. EPSL, 296 (1-2), 45-56 (2010), [4] Kamber, B.S., et al., Contrib Mineral Petr 145 (1), 25-46 (2003), [5] Cavosie, A.J., et al., Precambrian Res 135 (4), 251-279 (2004). [6] Holden P, et al., Int. J. Masspectrometry, 286, 53-63 (2009)

  20. Cartographic evidence of the disastrous ice flood of 1809 and its aftermath (Danube River, Slovakia).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pišút, P.

    2009-04-01

    The 18th and early 19th century river maps are important data sources for studying past landscapes. This is not only as a result of improved surveying techniques, but also because they depict landscape during probably the most important climatic and land-use changes since the Middle Ages. In this phase of the increased river activity during the last onset of the so-called Little Ice Age period, several major flood events occured. Local manuscript maps, which often depict the channel in major detail, help us to obtain a better understanding of their geomorphic and other impacts. The catastrophic ice flood, which occured on the Middle Danube river at the end of January 1809 was undoubtedly the most disastrous event of its kind in Slovakia, although it also hit a number of settlements in Lower Austria and Hungary. Several people drowned and the flood also resulted in great damage to settlements and livestock. Devastating effects of this flood particularly as to the towns of Bratislava and Komárno/Komárom were comparable with effects of disastrous floods of February 1830 in Vienna (Austria), March 1838 in Buda/Pest (Hungary) or 1845 flood in Prague (Czech Republic), respectively. In case of the present Slovakian capital Bratislava, on January 29, 1809, two ice barriers suddenly rose the water up to 10 m above the zero level and the river quickly overflowed its banks inundating the low-lying parts of the town. The flood blacked out communications with neighbouring regions. Record-breaking height of water led to breaches of the important right-bank embankment (constructed in 1770s). Through several openings water flooded the right bank, almost completely destroying the adjacent village of Petržalka/Engerau. The damage to Vienna highway levee was so massive that it only could be repaired 16 years later, in 1825-6 (although this was also due to Napoleonic wars). The flood also reactivated the Chorvátske rameno anabranch, 33 years after its abandonment. A number of

  1. Geomorphological change detection of fluvial processes of lower Siret channel using LIDAR data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niculita, Mihai; Obreja, Florin; Boca, Bogdan

    2015-04-01

    :121-134. Lague D., Brodu N., Leroux J., 2013. Accurate 3D comparison of complex topography with terrestrial laser scanner: application to the Rangitikei canyon (N-Z), ISPRS journal of Photogrammmetry and Remote Sensing, 80:10-26. James L.A., Hodgson M.E., Ghoshal S., Latiolais M.M., 2012. Geomorphic change detection using historic maps and DEM differencing: the temporal dimension of geospatial analysis. Geomorphology, 137:181-198. Nedelcu G., Borcan M., Branescu E., Petre C., Teleanu B., Preda A., Murafa R., 2011. Exceptional floods from the years 2008 and 2010 in Siret river basin, Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Conference of National Romanian Institute of Hydrology and Water Administration, 1-3 November 2011. (in Romanian) Olariu P., Obreja F., Obreja I., 2009. Some aspects regarding the sediment transit from Trotus catchment and lower sector of Siret river during the exceptional floods from 1991 and 2005, Annals of Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, XVIII:93-104.(in Romanian) Serbu M., Obreja F., Olariu P., 2009. The 2008 floods from upper Siret catchment. Causes, effects, evaluation, Hidrotechnics, 54(12):1-38. (in Romanian) Wheaton J.M., Brasington J., Darby S., Sear D., 2009. Accounting for uncertainty in DEMs from repeat topographic surveys: improved sediment budgets. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 35(2):136-156.

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Low-mass stars in 25 Ori group and Orion OB1a (Suarez+, 2017)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suarez, G.; Downes, J. J.; Roman-Zuniga, C.; Covey, K. R.; Tapia, M.; Hernandez, J.; Petr-Gotzens, M. G.; Stassun, K. G.; Briceno, C.

    2017-09-01

    The V, R, and I photometry used in this work was obtained from the Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomia (CIDA) Deep Survey of Orion (CDSO) catalog (Downes et al. 2014, Cat. J/MNRAS/444/1793), which was constructed by coadding the multi-epoch optical observations from the CIDA Variability Survey of Orion (CVSO; Briceno et al. 2005, Cat. J/AJ/129/907). The sensitivity limits of the CDSO covers the Low-Mass Star (LMS) and Brown Dwarf (BD) population of 25 Ori and its surroundings within the region 79.7°<~α<~82.7° and 0.35°<~δ<~3.35°. The limiting magnitude of the CDSO photometry in this region is Ilim=22 and the completeness magnitude is Icom=19.6 (Downes et al. 2014, Cat. J/MNRAS/444/1793), enough to ensure an I-band detection even for the faintest targets of our spectroscopic sample (I{approx}17.0). Additionally, we used the u, g, r, i, and z photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) catalog (Finkbeiner et al. 2004AJ....128.2577F; Ahn et al. 2012, Cat. V/139). These values are listed in Table1. The Z, Y, J, H, and Ks near-infrared photometry used in this study was carried out by Petr-Gotzens et al. (2011Msngr.145...29P) as part of the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA) science verification surveys (Arnaboldi et al. 2010Msngr.139....6A). The 5σ limiting magnitudes of the VISTA survey of the Orion star-forming region are Z=22.5, Y=21.2, J=20.4, H=19.4, and Ks=18.6, which are enough to have VISTA photometry even for the faintest objects in our spectroscopic sample (J{approx}15.0). Additionally, we used near-infrared photometry from the 2MASS catalog (Cutri et al. 2003, Cat. II/246) and mid-infrared photometry from IRAC-Spitzer (Hernandez et al. 2007, Cat. J/ApJ/671/1784) and the AllWISE catalog (Cutri et al. 2013, Cat. II/328). This infrared photometry is listed in Table1. The spectra used in this paper were obtained as part of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS; Dawson et al. 2013AJ....145...10D), which is

  3. Effects of Wind Energy Development on Nesting Ecology of Greater Prairie-Chickens in Fragmented Grasslands

    PubMed Central

    McNew, Lance B; Hunt, Lyla M; Gregory, Andrew J; Wisely, Samantha M; Sandercock, Brett K

    2014-01-01

    ólica sobre la ecología reproductiva de las gallinas en un estudio de 5 años. Ubicamos 59 y 185 nidos antes y después del desarrollo, respectivamente, de una instalación de energía eólica de 201 MW en el hábitat de anidación de las gallinas y estudiamos la selección de sitio de anidación y la supervivencia de nidos en relación con la proximidad a la infraestructura y las condiciones de hábitat. La proximidad con las turbinas no afectó negativamente a la selección de sitios de anidación (β = -0.3, 95% CI = -0.6–0.1). En su lugar, la selección de sitios de anidación y la supervivencia estuvieron fuertemente relacionadas con la cobertura vegetal y otras condiciones locales determinadas por el manejo de la producción de ganado. La integración de los resultados de nuestro proyecto con reportes previos de la evitación conductual de instalaciones de petróleo y gas por otras especies de pastizales sugiere nuevas vías para que la investigación mitigue los impactos del desarrollo energético. PMID:24628394

  4. Active and Fossil Geothermal Activity at Lake Chapala, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zârate-del Vall, P.

    2002-12-01

    CPDB values we have two set of data: one near zero (-8.03 to -8.69 \\permil) that means a no contribution of organic carbon and other with low values (-0.35 to -0.75 \\permil) meaning an important contribution of organic carbon; from very low δ 18OPDB values (-8.5 to -0.27 \\permil) we deduced a precipitation in meteoric water with a temperature deposition higher than the surface that matchs with an hydrothermal origin. Mineralogy was confirmed by XRD diffractometry. Near the sub-lacustrine spring "Los Gorgos" there are some small land spots which look like islands (<3-4 m2) made of solid bitumen and which are linked to the bottom of the lake. Because of these hydrocarbon manifestations the company Petróleos Mexicanos drilled (2,348 m deep), without success, an oil exploration well (L¢pez-Ramos, 1979). The characterisation of this solid bitumen is in progress.

  5. Sudbuction-related tectonic mixing between serpentinized mantle and continental crust in the internal Western Alps: exhumed portion of a marble cake?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spalla, M.; Zucali, M.; Cantù, M.; Roda, M.; Marotta, A.

    2011-12-01

    to individuate the tectonic trajectory of this mantle-crust tectonic assemblage, issued from Alpine subduction. The comparison of this new set of geological data with the prediction of a 2D numerical model, implemented to explore the dynamics of an ocean-continent subduction system (Roda et al., 2010; Roda et al., 2011), allows to detect if the natural metamorphic evolution is compatible with the predicted thermal state of the mantle wedge and to shed light on where and how such type of tectonic mixing can form in the dynamics of a subduction system. Compagnoni R. et al.-1977-Rend.Soc.Ital.Min.Petr.,33,281-334. Meda M., Marotta A.M. & Spalla M.I.-2010-Spec.Pub.Geol.Soc.London,332,149-172. Pognante U.-1989a-Eur.J.Miner.,1,89-104. Pognante U.-1989b-Tectonophysics,162,219-227. Roda M., Marotta A.M. & Spalla M.I.-2010-Geoc.Geoph.Geos.,11,1-21,doi:10.1029/2009GC003015. Roda M., Spalla M.I. & Marotta A.M.-2011-Rend.online Soc.Geol.It.,15,109-112. Spalla M.I. et al.-1996-J.Geodyn.,21,257-285. Zucali M. & Spalla M.I.-2011-J.Struct.Geol.,33,381-398.

  6. Phase relations in peralkaline Cl- and F-rich phonolitic melts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giehl, C.; Marks, M.; Nowak, M.

    2013-12-01

    from 800 to 650 °C. These ratios may have the potential for geothermometers, rarely available for peralkaline phase assemblages: log Kd (Mn, Eud/Cpx) = 0.376 * T - 3.858 (n = 7, R2 = 0.94) log Kd (Mn, Ae/Cpx) = 0.292 * T - 2.715 (n = 6, R2 = 0.87) where T = 10000/T (K) and n is the number of experiments used for the fit. References: Giehl C, Marks M, Nowak M (2013) Contrib Mineral Petr 165: 283-304 Marks M, Markl G (2003) Mineral Mag 67: 893-919 Fig. 1: Experimental products at 100 MPa, 700 °C, hydrated starting glass (backscattered electron image): clinopyroxene (Cpx), aenigmatite (Ae), eudialyte (Eud), alkali feldspar (Afs) and residual glass (Gl).

  7. VLF-EM prospecting for the characterization of a fault zone and the evaluation of its permeability conditions.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fais, Silvana; Ligas, Paola; Cuccuru, Francesco; Maggio, Enrico; Plaisant, Alberto; Pettinau, Alberto; Pala, Antonio

    2017-04-01

    EM-VLF method could be also the signature of a preferential path of the water circulation but in this respect it is important to point out that other parameters can play an important role in the electrical signature and investigation depth (e.g. the clay content). Considering that the electrical resistivity can be normally easier to measure than permeability both in the laboratory and in-situ, starting from the resistivity data a method of correlation between electrical resistivity and permeability (Archie, 1942) was used to define the water flow into the investigated geological formation close to the fault zone. . References Archie, G.E., 1942. The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Transact. Amer. Inst. Min., Metal., Petr. Engin., 146, 54-62. Karous, M., Hjelt, S.E., 1983. Linear filtering of VLF dip-angle measurement. Geophys. Prosp. 31, 782-794. Ogilvy, R.D., Lee, A.C.. 1991. Interpretation of VLF-EM in-phase data using current density pseudosections. Geophys. Prosp. 39, 567-580. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by Sistema Elettrico PAR 2015.

  8. Mystery of Cometary X-Rays Solved

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-07-01

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory to search for Earth-approaching objects. In addition to Dr. Lisse, the science team involved with the Chandra observations includes: Drs. Damian Christian (CSC/STScI), Konrad Dennerl (MPE), Frank Marshall, Robert Petre, and Steven Snowden (NASA/GSFC), Harold Weaver (JHU), Brett Stroozas (CEA), and Scott Wolk (CfA) ) The ACIS instrument was built for NASA by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, and Pennsylvania State University, University Park. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program. TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, Calif., is the prime contractor for the spacecraft. The Smithsonian's Chandra X-ray Center controls science and flight operations from Cambridge, Mass. To follow Chandra's progress, visit the Chandra site at: http://chandra.harvard.edu AND http://chandra.nasa.gov

  9. Combined Sm-Nd and Lu-Hf dating of garnets from the Putomayo foreland basin in south-central Colombia and implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bloch, E. M.; Ibanez-mejia, M.; Ganguly, J.

    2013-12-01

    , we have made the simplifying assumptions that there was no retention of prograde radiogenic 176Hf in garnet and no rotation of the Lu-Hf Grt-WR isochron during cooling as a result of the somewhat lower closure temperature of Lu compared to that of Hf. Further work is in progress to refine the model taking these effects into account and explore the consequence of using diffusion data from other groups [5, 6]. A review of available experimental REE in garnet diffusion data suggests that low-REE garnets produce diffusion coefficients which are in agreement with [2], while higher-REE garnets produce diffusion coefficients which fall on the Arrhenius trend of [5] and [6]. Because there is no obvious reason why the experimental data presented in [2] or [6] should be erroneous, it is concluded that the variation in these datasets represents a change in diffusion mechanism as a consequence of garnet REE concentration. We hope that the results of this study will help to elucidate the circumstances under which each of these datasets is appropriate. [1] Chakraborty and Ganguly (1992) CMP 111, 74-86. [2] Tirone et al. (2005) Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 69, 2385-2398. [3] Dodson (1973) CMP 40, 259-274. [4] Ganguly & Tirone, EPSL 170, 131-140. [5] Carlson (2012) Amer. Mineral. 97, 1598-1618. [6] Van Orman et al. (2002) Cont. Min. Petr. 142, 416-424.

  10. Contribution of Tula Refinery flaring emissions to the Mexico megacity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almanza, Victor; Molina, Luisa; Sosa, Gustavo

    2013-04-01

    Flaring is an important source of greenhouse gases, particulate matter and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in both upstream and downstream operations in the oil and gas industry. In 2010 Mexico was the eleventh emitting country with 2.5 billion cubic meters of gas flared (World Bank, 2012). Black carbon (a component of soot) emissions from flaring facilities are of particular interest because soot is considered a short-lived climate forcer (SLCF) (UNEP, 2011). In 2011 there were 23 megacities of at least 10 million inhabitants. It is expected that this number increase to 37 by 2025, which will include one more in Northern America (NA) and two more in Latin America (UN, 2012). International collaborative projects like MILAGRO in NA and MEGAPOLI/CityZen in Europe, have been conducted to assess the impact of megacities air pollution at several scales. The former focused on the air pollution plume of Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA), the largest megacity in NA. This work studies the contribution of flaring emissions from Tula Refinery to regional air quality. This is accomplished in two steps. First, the flame of a representative sour gas flare is modeled with a CFD combustion code in order to estimate emission rates of combustion by-products of interest for air quality. Mass flow rates of acetylene, ethylene, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, soot and sulfur dioxide are obtained. The emission rates of NO2 and SO2 are compared with measurements obtained at Tula as part of MILAGRO field campaign. The rates of soot, VOCs and CO emissions are compared with estimates obtained by Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (IMP). The second stage takes the flaring emission rates of the aforementioned species as inputs to WRF-Chem in order to simulate the chemical transport of the plume from 22 March to 27 March of 2006. The air quality model presented reliable performance of the resolved meteorology, with respect to the Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE

  11. Multi-component diffusion between molten SiO2 inclusions and surrounding felsic melt in an indochinite: Tektites as natural laboratories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macris, C. A.; Eiler, J. M.; Asimow, P. D.; Stolper, E. M.

    2013-12-01

    a lesser degree Na, diffused against their concentration gradients. The uphill diffusion of alkalis in corona glass surrounding quartz was interpreted by Sato (1974) with a diffusion model assuming non-ideality of alkali elements in silicate melt, in which diffusion occurs according to the chemical potential gradient of each species. Preliminary calculations using the MELTS (Ghiorso and Sack, 1995) activity-composition model to transform the composition profiles across lechatelierite and felsic glass into chemical potential profiles (at 2200 °C) indicate that all components, including K2O, diffuse down their own chemical potential gradients. We will investigate these phenomena further in attempt to model the observed profiles. A deeper understanding of this problem may inform the factors controlling diffusion coefficients in silicate melts derived from crustal material, as well as the thermal histories of tektites. Bunch T.E. et al. (2012) P NATL ACAD SCI 109:1903-1912 Ghiorso M.S., Sack R.O. (1995) CONTRIB MINERAL PETR 119:197-212 Koeberl C. (1994) GEOL S AM S 133-151 Newman S. et al. (1995) LPS XXVI 26:1039-1040 Sato H. (1974) CONTRIB MINERAL PETROL 50:49-64

  12. Monogenetic scoria cones, proxies of an evolutive magma chamber. Llaima volcano, Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schonwalder, D. A.; Cortes, J. A.; Calder, E. S.; Ruth, D. C.

    2013-12-01

    kinked patterns, representing two crystal populations usually associated with magma mingling. For the clinopyroxene, the CSDs show variation on the slope of the curves, suggesting differences in the magma residence time for each cone, where steeper slopes indicated shorter times2. This could be the case for the farther cones at the NE. Our data, from the ME and MSC are a strong indicator that the source of the melts is the magma chamber, which appears to generate more evolved products with time. This is inferred at the NE, where the oldest and most distant cones show a more primitive composition and a larger content of clinopyroxene when compared with the younger, closer cones and with historic products of the ME. In contrast, these products have a slightly more evolved composition and a larger olivine content. The CSDs of olivine and clinopyroxene of each cone give insight to the state of the magma chamber, showing evidence of magma mingling and variations in the magma residence times between eruptive events. 1. Naranjo & Moreno, (2005). Carta Geol. Chile. 88:1-65 2. Marsh, (1988b). Con. Mine and Petr. 99:277-91

  13. The Evolution And Plumbing Of Monogenetic Volcanism Associated With Llaima Volcano, Chile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schonwalder, D. A.; Cortes, J. A.; Calder, E. S.; Ruth, D. C.

    2012-12-01

    residence time for a constant nucleation density [2]. Variations in both the CSDs in the plagioclase phase and the proprtions of the main mineral phases present in the different stratigraphic units imply an evolution of the plumbing system. The following sequence is inferred: (1) During the initial stage (Llf1), the higher pyroxene content suggests that the pyroxene phase crystallized before the olivine phase implying deeper crystallization with respect to the current conditions. (2) Both the stratocone-building stage and Llf2 are associated with the decrease of pyroxene content and an increase in residence time. (3) Llf3 appears to be closely related to current MS products, and their respective plumbing systems are inferred to be closely linked. [1] Naranjo, J & Moreno. H., (2005). Carta Geol. Chile. 88:1-65. [2] Marsh, B. (1988b). Con. Mine and Petr. 99:277-91

  14. The dynamical interactions of Amazon deforestation, intensification of cattle ranching and technology adoption: insights from a socio-ecological model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller-Hansen, Finn; Heitzig, Jobst; Donges, Jonathan F.; Cardoso, Manoel F.; Kurths, Jürgen; Thonicke, Kirsten

    2017-04-01

    . While most agent-based models in land science are developed for small study regions, our approach is scalable also to regional levels and for this purpose abstracts from many local specificities. In the proposed model, a collection of cattle ranchers interacts with the local environment via decisions to convert forest into pasture land and manage this pasture. Deforestation and land abandonment is traced by simple land-cover succession equations and ecological dynamics consider the evolution of pasture productivity depending on pasture management, deforestation and tree regrowth. Agent decisions are captured by heuristic strategies depending on economic and ecological constraints. Agents can follow either an extensive strategy, corresponding to traditional cattle ranching with fallow periods and slash-and-burn fertilization, or an intensive strategy, i.e. cattle ranching with high inputs such as machinery and industrial fertilizers. The choice of the production strategy is modeled as a social learning process: Agents are located on a geometric network representing neighborhood and acquaintance relations and imitate the successful strategies of their neighbors. We will present a comprehensive analysis of the model and discuss conditions that foster sustainable land use. Finally, we will give an outlook at possible extensions of the model and applications to issues such as compliance with Brazil's Forest Code and feedbacks from changes in climate. References: [1] Kaimowitz, David and Arild Angelsen (2008). "Will Livestock Intensification Help Save Latin America's Tropical Forests?" In: Journal of Sustainable Forestry 27.1-2, pp. 6-24. [2] Cohn, Avery S, Aline Mosnier, Petr Havlík, Hugo Valin, Mario Herrero, Erwin Schmid, Michael O'Hare, and Michael Obersteiner (2014). "Cattle ranching intensification in Brazil can reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by sparing land from deforestation." In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

  15. The fate of metaclinopyroxenite during serpentinite subduction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padrón-Navarta, J. A.; Gómez-Pugnaire, M. T.; López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, V.; Garrido, C. J.; Marchesi, C.

    2012-04-01

    ] Further deformation along these weak zones eventually results in the development of diopside-chlorite schists. The systematic lack of chlorite in Cpx-Tr serpentinite strongly suggests that these lithologies do not necessary represent an intermixing of antigorite-serpeninite with clinopyroxenite layers. Instead, they might be derived from more lherzolitic protoliths, where the Al-content in the mantle clinopyroxenes, and released during progressive metamorphism, was accommodated by antigorite (which can reach up to 3.5 wt. % Al2O3). Although rare, diopside-chlorite schists should then be considered as an important host for Ti and REE. Futhermore, the stability of this assemblage beyond the antigorite breakdown conditions has further implications for the deeper recycling of these elements in subduction zones. Padrón-Navarta, J.A., López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, V., Garrido, C.J., Gómez-Pugnaire, M.T., 2011. Metamorphic record of high-pressure dehydration of antigorite serpentinite to chlorite harzburgite in a subduction setting (Cerro del Almirez, Nevado-Filábride Complex, Southern Spain). J Petrology 52, 2047-2078. Trommsdorff, V., López Sánchez-Vizcaíno, V.L., Gómez-Pugnaire, M.T., Müntener, O, 1998. High pressure breakdown of antigorite to spinifex-textured olivine and orthopyroxene, SE Spain. Contrib Mineral Petr 132, 139-148.

  16. Orientation relationship between diamond and magnesiochromite inclusions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvaro, Matteo; Angel, Ross; Nimis, Paolo; Milani, Sula; Harris, Jeff; Nestola, Fabrizio

    2017-04-01

    partial orientation between inclusion and host. A (111) plane of each inclusion is sub-parallel to a {111} plane of their diamond host, but with random orientations of the magnesiochromite [100], [010] and [001] relative to the diamond. In one case, where a single inclusion comprised a magnesiochromite-olivine touching pair, the magnesiochromite was oriented as noted above and the olivine showed a random orientation. The implications of these observations for the mechanisms of diamond growth will be explored and the results will be compared and combined with previous work. This work was supported by ERC starting grant "INDIMEDEA" (307322) to F. Nestola and by the MIUR-SIR grant "MILE DEEp" (RBSI140351) to M. Alvaro. References Angel R. J. et al., J. Appl. Crystallogr. 48, 1330-1334 (2015). Wiggers de Vries D.F. et al., Contrib Mineral Petr 161, 565-579 (2011). Dobson D. P. et al., Nat. Geosci. 6, 575-578 (2013). Frank-Kamenetsky V.A. The nature of structural impurities and inclusions in minerals. Leningrad, Gos. Univ. (1964) Futergendler S.I. and Frank-Kamenetsky V.A. Zap Vsesoyuzn Mineral Obs 90, 230 (1961). Nestola F. et al., Int. Geol. Rev. 56(13), 1658-1667 (2014).

  17. Neoarchean metamorphism recorded in high-precision Sm-Nd isotope systematics of garnets from the Jack Hills (Western Australia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eccles, K. A.; Baxter, E. F.; Mojzsis, S. J.; Marschall, H.; Williams, M. L.; Jercinovic, M. J.

    2013-12-01

    clean garnet (Sm/Nd ≥ 1.0) and their leached inclusion populations [2]. Four grouped garnet grain separates from one sample yield preliminary dates of 2703.6×6.0Ma, 2612.4×6.0Ma, 2605.0×5.5Ma, and 2567.3×8.3Ma, while the second sample yielded a date of 2579.6×4.6 Ma (2σ). Compositional and geochronologic data indicate likely in situ garnet growth during a late Archean greenschist facies metamorphic event. These dates are generally consistent with published monazite ages placing a metamorphic event at ~ca.2.65Ga [4,5]. It remains possible that an as yet unidentified detrital garnet component is present and may explain some of the scatter in absolute age. [1] Baxter EF, Jordan MK & Inglis JD, 2010, Goldschmidt [2] Baxter EF, Eccles KA & Sullivan N, 2012, Goldschmidt [3] Harvey J & Baxter EF, 2009, Chem Geol, 258, 251-257 [4] Rasmussen B, et al, 2010, Precambrian Res, 180, 26-46 [5] Iizuka T, et al, 2010, Contrib Mineral Petr, 160, 803-823

  18. Discovery of a Satellite around a Near-Earth Asteroid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1997-07-01

    secure lightcurve coverage over a longer period of time than was possible from La Silla alone. As a result, a series of lightcurve measurements were performed from June 3 to 9 in close cooperation with Petr Pravec and Lenka Sarounova working at the Ondrejov Observatory, near Prague in the Czech Republic. Luckily, the weather conditions were favourable at both sites and the dips in the lightcurve were indeed observed at the predicted times. Based on the four well observed events, it was then possible to determine a period of 1.155 days for their occurence. Thus, the hypothesis of a satellite orbiting around Dionysus was confirmed. As a result, the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center located in Cambridge (MA, USA) promptly gave a provisional designation to the new satellite - S/1997 (3671) 1 . How big is Dionysus? Meanwhile, in Hawaii, the world's largest infrared telescope was being trained on Dionysus to obtain information about its size and composition. Alan Harris , also a scientist from the DLR in Berlin, and John Davies from the Joint Astronomy Centre in Hilo, Hawaii, observed the thermal infrared radiation emitted by Dionysus with the 3.8-m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) situated on Mauna Kea. Similar observations over a broader spectral range were also made by the European Space Agency's orbiting Infrared Space Observatory. The thermal or "heat" radiation emitted by an asteroid depends on its size and the amount of sunlight it absorbs (darker bodies being warmer). In the case of Dionysus the measured radiation was much weaker than expected, indicating that the asteroid has an intrinsically bright (reflective) surface and is only about 1 km in diameter. This is much smaller than (253) Ida, the only other asteroid known to have a moon, which is about 60 km across. Further observations Eventually it should be possible to determine the orbital radius of the satellite, its size and the inclination of its orbital plane. In order to obtain

  19. Sizing up Septoria

    PubMed Central

    Quaedvlieg, W.; Verkley, G.J.M.; Shin, H.-D.; Barreto, R.W.; Alfenas, A.C.; Swart, W.J.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Crous, P.W.

    2013-01-01

    Quaedvlieg, Verkley, W.J. Swart & Crous, Xenobotryosphaeria calamagrostidis Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Xenoseptoria neosaccardoi Quaedvlieg, H.D. Shin, Verkley & Crous. New combinations - Parastagonospora avenae (A.B. Frank) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Parastagonospora nodorum (Berk.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Phaeosphaeria papayae (Speg.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Pseudocercospora domingensis (Petr. & Cif.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Ruptoseptoria unedonis (Roberge ex Desm.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Septorioides pini-thunbergii (S. Kaneko) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina abeliceae (Hiray.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina azaleae (Voglino) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina berberidis (Niessl) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina betulae (Pass.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina cercidis (Fr.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina menispermi (Thüm.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina musiva (Peck) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina oxyacanthae (Kunze & J.C. Schmidt) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina patriniae (Miura) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina populicola (Peck) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina quercicola (Desm.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Sphaerulina rhabdoclinis (Butin) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous, Stromatoseptoria castaneicola (Desm.) Quaedvlieg, Verkley & Crous. Typifications: Epitypifications - Phaeosphaeria oryzae I. Miyake, Phaeoseptoria papayae Speg.; Neotypification - Hendersonia paludosa Sacc. & Speg. PMID:24014902

  20. Adaptation response surfaces from an ensemble of wheat projections under climate change in Europe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruiz-Ramos, Margarita; Ferrise, Roberto

    2016-04-01

    (14), Petr Hlavinka(7,8), Frantisek Jurecka(7,8), Jaromir Krzyszczak(10), Marcos Lana(6), Julien Minet(15), Manuel Montesino(16), Claas Nendel(6), John Porter(16), Jaime Recio(1), Françoise Ruget(11), Alberto Sanz(1), Zacharias Steinmetz(17,18), Pierre Stratonovitch(19), Iwan Supit(20), Domenico Ventrella(21), Allard de Wit(20) and Reimund P. Rötter(4). 1 Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, ETSIAgrónomos,28040 Madrid, Spain, margarita.ruiz.ramos@upm.es 2 University of Florence, 50144 Florence, Italy 3 IFAPA Junta de Andalucia, 14004 Córdoba, Spain 4 Natural Resources Institute (LUKE), 01370 Vantaa, Finland 5 Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), 00250 Helsinki, Finland 6 Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), 15374 Müncheberg, Germany 7 Institute of Agrosystems and Bioclimatology, Mendel University in Brno, Brno 613 00, Czech Republic 8 Global Change Research Institute CAS, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic 9 INRES, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany 10 Institute of Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Lublin, Poland 11 INRA, UMR 1114 EMMAH, F-84914 Avignon, France 12 James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, Scotland 13 State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China 14 University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy 15 Université de Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium 16 University of Copenhagen, 2630 Taastrup, Denmark 17 RIFCON GmbH, 69493 Hirschberg, Germany 18 Group of Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, 76829 Landau, Germany 19 Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK 20 Wageningen University, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands 21 Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria. CRA-SCA

  1. Phylogenetic lineages in Pseudocercospora

    PubMed Central

    Crous, P.W.; Braun, U.; Hunter, G.C.; Wingfield, M.J.; Verkley, G.J.M.; Shin, H.-D.; Nakashima, C.; Groenewald, J.Z.

    2013-01-01

    .S. Salmon & Wormald) Crous, H.D. Shin & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora hakeae (U. Braun & Crous) U. Braun & Crous, Pseudocercospora leucadendri (Cooke) U. Braun & Crous, Pseudocercospora snelliana (Reichert) U. Braun, H.D. Shin, C. Nakash. & Crous, Pseudocercosporella chaenomelis (Y. Suto) C. Nakash., Crous, U. Braun & H.D. Shin; Typifications: Epitypifications - Pseudocercospora angolensis (T. Carvalho & O. Mendes) Crous & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora araliae (Henn.) Deighton, Pseudocercospora cercidis-chinensis H.D. Shin & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora corylopsidis (Togashi & Katsuki) C. Nakash. & Tak. Kobay., Pseudocercospora dovyalidis (Chupp & Doidge) Deighton, Pseudocercospora fukuokaensis (Chupp) X.J. Liu & Y.L. Guo, Pseudocercospora humuli (Hori) Y.L. Guo & X.J. Liu, Pseudocercospora kiggelariae (Syd.) Crous & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora lyoniae (Katsuki & Tak. Kobay.) Deighton, Pseudocercospora lythri H.D. Shin & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora sambucigena U. Braun, Crous & K. Schub., Pseudocercospora stephanandrae (Tak. Kobay. & H. Horie) C. Nakash. & Tak. Kobay., Pseudocercospora viburnigena U. Braun & Crous, Pseudocercosporella chaenomelis (Y. Suto) C. Nakash., Crous, U. Braun & H.D. Shin, Xenostigmina zilleri (A. Funk) Crous; Lectotypification - Pseudocercospora ocimicola (Petr. & Cif.) Deighton; Neotypifications - Pseudocercospora kiggelariae (Syd.) Crous & U. Braun, Pseudocercospora lonicericola (W. Yamam.) Deighton, Pseudocercospora zelkovae (Hori) X.J. Liu & Y.L. Guo. PMID:24014898

  2. PREFACE: Eighth International Conference on Dissociative Recombination (DR2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guberman, Steven L.; Orel, Ann E.

    2011-07-01

    Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada in May, 1988 [2] and was followed in May 1992 [3] at L'Abbaye de Saint Jacut de la Mer, Brittany, France, in May, 1995 [4] at Ein Gedi, Israel, in June 1999 [5] on the island of Nässlingen in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden, in August, 2001 [6] at Chicago, USA, in July, 2004 [7] at the Alte Mälzerei, Mosbach, Germany and in July, 2007 [8] at the Resort d'Amelander Kaap on the island of Ameland, The Netherlands. All papers from the last two conferences and this conference are freely available at http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596. In keeping with the tradition of prior DR conferences, all papers in this volume have been refereed. Our thanks go to the referees for their efforts. Travel support for conference participants was provided by NSF grant ATM-0838061 and NASA grant NNX09AQ73G to SLG. We thank Priscilla Kujawski for proofreading the Dedication. Steven L GubermanAnn E OrelEditors Conference photograph Participants of the 8th International Conference on Dissociative Recombination: Theory, Experiments and Applications. 1. Stephen Pratt18. Randy Vane35. Robert Continetti 2. Chris Greene19. Claude Krantz36. Henrik Buhr 3. Bastiaan Braams20. Xavier Urbain37. Mats Larsson 4. Ed Grant21. Hidekazu Takagi38. Dirk Schwalm 5. Christian Nordhorn22. Brian Mitchell39. Evelyne Roueff 6. Steen Brønsted Nielsen23. Andreas Wolf40. Pascal Pernot 7. Dermot Madden24. Daren Stotler41. Stefan Rosén 8. Radek Plašil25. Slava Kokoouline42. Rainer Johnsen 9. Daniel Savin26. David Schultz43. Xiaohong Cai 10. Jonathan Tennyson27. Mourad Telmini44. Dan Haxton 11. Peet Hickman28. Ruth Malenda45. Åsa Larson 12. Michael Fogle29. Slim Chourou46. Dahbia Talbi 13. Waffeu Tamo Francois Oliver30. Petr Dohnal47. Ann Orel 14. Christian Jungen31. Julia Stützel48. Steven Guberman 15. Ilya Fabrikant32. Ioan Schneider49. Jane Fox 16. Wolf Geppert33. Nicholas Shuman50. Richard Thomas 17. Oldřich Novotný34. Holger Kreckel51. Fangfang Ruan

  3. Impact Materials of Takamatsu Crater in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miura, Y.; Okamoto, M.; Fukuchi, T.

    1995-09-01

    -grained sediments around Hiyama (Nos. 2,3,6), which have potassium feldspars compositions by the AEM of high-silica (SiO2=78~85wt.%) without MgO [2]. K-Ar dating of the glassy breccias is 14.2 +/-0.7(Ma). This suggests that fine-grained breccias are mixed with Hiyama andesitic intrusion, suggesting that formation of the Takamatsu crater is older than small and many volcanic intrusions [2,3]. Therefore, the Takamatsu crater is considered to be the similar type of crater as buried impact crater followed by small volcanic intrusions [2,3]. The Takamatsu crater seems to be the first impact crater in Japan. Referenocs: [1] Y. Kono et al. (1994): ISAS Lunar and Planetary Symp.(Japan), 27, 67-70. [2] Y. Miura et al. (1995): Lunar. Planet. Sci.(USA), XXVI, 987-988. [3] Y. Miura et al.(1995): Antarctic Metcorites (NIPR), 2?, 163-165. [4] Y. Miura et al. (1981): Contrib. Mineral. Petr?l., 76, 17-23. ?5] R.A.F.Grieve et al.(l988): LPI Technical RePorl (USA), No.88-03, 89 pp. [6] Y. Miura (1991): Shock ?aves (Springer-Verlag), 1, 35-41. [7] Y. Miura et al. (1992): Celestial ?echanic? ?4 ?4 ?

  4. Noble Gases in Alpine Gold: U/Th-He Dating and Excesses of Radiogenic He and AR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eugster, O.; Hofmann, B.; Krahenbuhl, U.; Neuenschwander, J.

    1992-07-01

    quantity of trapped atmospheric noble gases we estimate atmospheric ^4He in the gold samples to be three to five orders of magnitude below the observed ^4He concentration. Placer gold is finely distributed in rock material and might be exposed to an alpha-particle irradiation from neighboring U/Th-rich minerals. An alternative He source are inclusions of U/Th-rich minerals, such as zircon, either within the gold material or mechanically worked into the spangles as they were part of the river detritus. Acknowledgement: We thank the Swiss NSF for their support. References: Diamond L.W. (1990) Am. J. of Science 290, 912-958. Schmid K. (1973) Schw. Min. Petr. Mitt. 53, 125-156. Table 1, which in the hard copy appears here, shows concentrations of He, Ne, and Ar (10^-8 cm^3 STP/g) and of K, Th, and U (ppm) in vein-type free gold, placer gold, and quartz. The ^3He and ^21Ne signals were below detection limits, that is ^4He/^3He in gold is >100'000. Average ^20Ne/^22Ne ratios in gold and quartz are 10.2 +- 0.2, that is about 4% larger than in the terrestrial atmosphere. Average ^36Ar/^38Ar = 5.2 +- 0.2 (within errors identical to ^36Ar/^38Ar in air). 1) Sample sizes 50-100 mg. 2) Radiogenic ^40Ar = ^40Ar-295.5 x ^36Ar. 3) Calculated from U/Th and ^40K decay.

  5. Rapid high-silica magma generation in basalt-dominated rift settings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berg, Sylvia E.; Troll, Valentin R.; Burchardt, Steffi; Deegan, Frances M.; Riishuus, Morten S.; Whitehouse, Martin J.; Harris, Chris; Freda, Carmela; Ellis, Ben S.; Krumbholz, Michael; Gústafsson, Ludvik E.

    2015-04-01

    crustal recycling as a key process. Our results therefore provide a mechanism and a time-scale for rapid, voluminous silicic magma generation in modern and ancient basalt-dominated rift setting, such as Afar, Taupo, and potentially early Earth. The Neogene plume-related rift flank setting of NE-Iceland may thus constitute a plausible geodynamic and compositional analogue for generating silicic (continental) crust in the subduction-free setting of a young Earth (e.g. ≥3 Ga [14]). [1] Bunsen, R. 1851. Ann. Phys. Chem. 159, 197-272. [2] MacDonald R., et al., 1987. Mineral. Mag. 51, 183-202. [3] Jonasson, K., 2007. J. Geodyn. 43, 101-117. [4] Martin, E., et al., 2011. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 311, 28-38. [5] Charreteur, G., et al., 2013.Contrib. Mineral. Petr. 166, 471- 490. [6] Willbold, E., et al., 2009. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 279, 44-52. [7] Reimink, J.R., et al., 2014. Nat. Geosci. 7, 529-533. [8] Gústafsson, L.E., et al., 1989. Jökull 39, 75-89. [9] Meade, F.C., et al., 2014. Nat. comm. 5. [10] Óskarsson, B.V., Riishuus, M.S., 2013. J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res. 267, 92-118. [11] Carley, T.L., et al., 2014. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 405, 85-97. [12] Trail, D., et al., 2007. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.8, Q06014. [13] Harrison, T.M. et al., 2008. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.268, 476-486. [14] Kamber, B. S., et al., 2005. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 240, 276-290.

  6. Influence of dissimilatory metal reduction on fate of organic and metal contaminants in the subsurface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lovley, Derek R.; Anderson, Robert T.

    souterrain. Des études d'aquifères pollués par du pétrole ont montré que des micro-organismes réducteurs de fer peuvent être des agents efficaces pour éliminer les hydrocarbures aromatiques des eaux souterraines dans des conditions anérobies. Des études en laboratoire ont montré que des micro-organismes réducteurs de fer avaient la capacité d'éliminer l'uranium d'eaux souterraines polluées. L'activité de micro-organismes réducteurs de fer peut être stimulée de différentes manières pour augmenter l'oxydation de polluants organiques et la réduction de métaux. Des analyses moléculaires concernant des études de terrain et de laboratoire ont montré que des micro-organismes du genre Geobacter deviennent les membres dominants de la communauté microbienne quand les conditions de réduction en Fe(III) sont réalisées à la suite d'une pollution organique, ou lorsque la réduction en Fe(III) est stimulée artificiellement. Ces résultats laissent penser que des connaissances supplémentaires sur l'écophysiologie des espèces Geobacter devraient aider à une meilleure prédiction de la diminution naturelle des teneurs en polluants organiques dans des conditions anérobies, ainsi qu'à la définition de stratégies de dépollution biologique de pollutions souterraines par les métaux. Algunos microorganismos Fe(III)-reductores son capaces de destruir selectivamente determinados contaminantes orgánicos en condiciones anaerobias, oxidándolos a dióxido de carbono. Otros de estos microorganismos Fe(III)-reductores pueden reducir, bien compuestos clorados, bien una gran variedad de metales, que dejan de ser solubles y se inmovilizan en el subsuelo. Estudios realizados en acuéferos contaminados por petróleo muestran que los microorganismos Fe(III)-reductores pueden ser unos agentes muy eficientes para eliminar los hidrocarburos aromáticos de las aguas subterráneas en condiciones anaerobias, mientras que estudios de laboratorio muestran el potencial de estos

  7. Hydrogeology in North America: past and future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narasimhan, T. N.

    2005-03-01

    'hydrogéologie est à la transition entre la volonté de découvrir de nouvelles ressources et l' exploitation la plus bénéfique au possible, et un management judicieux des ressources finies, interconnectées, qui sont vitales pour l' approvisionnement des hommes et autres formes de vie. Le futur de l' hydrogéologie sera dicté par la balance subtile dans laquelle intervient les cycles de l'hydrologie, de l'érosion, de la nutrition, et la décision d'une société technologique qui s'adapterait aux contraintes de la balance, ou qui continuerait d'exploiter les systèmes hydrologiques pour un bénéfice maximum. Par ailleurs il y a une nette tendance à inclure les aspects écologiques, les aspects environnementaux, et les changements humains qui pourraient être influencés par les modifications hydrogéologiques observées depuis une dizaine d'années. Este articulo es una retrospectiva sobre la evolución de la hidrogeología en Norte América en los pasados dos siglos, y una breve especulación de su futuro. La historia de la hidrogeología está marcada por desarrollos en muchos campos diferentes tal como hidrología de aguas subterráneas, mecánica de suelos, ciencia del suelo, geología económica, ingeniería del petróleo, geología estructural, geoquímica, geofísica, geología marina, y más recientemente, ecología. El campo se ha enriquecido por las contribuciones de investigadores distinguidos en todos esos campos. Actualmente, la hidrogeología se encuentra en transición de un estado de descubrir nuevos recursos y explotarlos eficientemente para un beneficio máximo, a un estado de gestión juiciosa de recursos finitos, interconectados, que son vitales para el sustento de humanos y otras cosas vivientes. El futuro de la hidrogeología posiblemente esté determinado por el balance sutil con el cual funcionan los ciclos nutricionales, erosionales e hidrológicos, y la decisión de una sociedad tecnológica para ya sea adaptarse a las restricciones impuestas por el

  8. PREFACE: XIV International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yifang

    2011-03-01

    H KAVATSYUK, MyroslavKVI, University of Groningen KHRAMOV, EvgenyJoint Institute for Nuclear Research KISTENEV, EdouardBrookhaven National Laboratory KUO, Chia MingNCU KWON, YoungilYonsei University LAKTINEH, ImadIPNL LECOQ, PaulCERN LI, ChengUniversity of Science and Technology of China LI, NingboNanJing Normal University & IHEP LI, WeidongIHEP LI, WeiguoIHEP LIU, ChunxiuIHEP LIU, LijiaoUniversity of Bergen, Norway LIVAN, MicheleDipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica, University di Pavia , Italy LU, JunguangIHEP LUBRANO, PasqualeINFN Sezione di Perugia MACHIKHILIYAN, IrinaLAPP, Annecy, France MAVROMANOLAKIS, GeorgiosCERN MILLER, David WSLAC and Stanford University NECESAL, PetrInstitute of Physics AS CR, v.v.i. NEMECEK, StanislavFZU AVCR Praha NIESS, ValentinLPC, Clermont (CNRS/IN2P3) NOVOTNY, Rainer W2nd Physics Institute, University Giessen, Germany OBERLACK, HorstMPI für Physik, Munich PARA, AdamFermilab PARAMATTI, RiccardoINFN Rome & CERN PEPE, MonicaINFN Perugia POSPELOV, GennadyMax-Planck-Institut für Physik REPOND, JoseArgonne National Laboratory ROSSETTI, ValerioIFAE - Barcelona SCHACHT, PeterMPI/Munich SEFKOW, FelixDESY SFYRLA, AnnaCERN SGUAZZONI, GiacomoINFN Section of Florence SIMON, FrankMax-Planck-Institute for Physics SIMONYAN, MargarNiels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University SPADARO, TommasoLNF INFN SUN, XileiIHEP TAKESHITA, TohruShinshu University TANG, ZeboUniversity of Science and Technology of China TAPAN, IlhanUludag University THEOFILATOS, KonstantinosETH Zurich THOMSON, MarkUniversity of Cambridge TOKUNO, HisaoDepartment of Physics, Graduate School of Science and Engineering TRONCON, ClaraINFN UOZUMI SatoruKyungpook National University USAI, GiulioUniversity of Texas at Arlington VAZQUEZ GOMEZ, RicardoUniversitat de Barcelona VIDEAU, HenriLLR - Ecole polytechnique VOLOBOUEV, IgorTexas Tech University WAN, RenzhuoIOPP-CCNU, Wuhan, China & IPHC-CNRS, Strasbourg, France WANG, ZhengIHEP WANG, ZhigangIHEP WENZEL, HansFermilab WIGMANS, RichardTexas Tech

  9. Water-gas dynamics and coastal land subsidence over Chioggia Mare field, northern Adriatic Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teatini, Pietro; Baú, Domenico; Gambolati, Giuseppe

    2000-09-01

    menace potentielle pour la ville de Venise, à 25 km au nord-ouest du centre de Chioggia Mare. Afin d'évaluer le risque de subsidence du sol provoquée par les prélèvements de gaz, un modèle numérique a été développé pour prévoir la compaction des formations réservoirs de gaz en même temps que celle de l'aquifère latéral et sous-jacent, par effet de drainance, sur une période de 13 ans de production, suivie de 12 ans, et pour prévoir le transfert de la compaction profonde jusqu'à la surface du sol. Afin de prendre en compte l'incertitude sur un petit nombre de paramètres hydromécaniques importants, plusieurs scénarios ont été simulés et les prévisions les plus pessimistes ont été obtenues. Les résultats de la modélisation montrent qu'on doit s'attendre, au cours des 25 ans, au plus à une subsidence du sol de 1 cm à Chioggia, tandis que Venise ne subira aucun effet. Si la baisse de l'aquifère est compensée par une injection d'eau, la subsidence du sol s'arrêtera à 5 km au large et la zone côtière de Chioggia subira un effet de 0,6 à 0,7 cm. Resumen. Recientemente, la compañía nacional italiana del petróleo, ENI-Agip, ha enviado al Ministerio de Medio Ambiente de Italia (Comité VIA) un gran programa de desarrollo de 15 campos de gas en el norte del Mar Adriático para la evaluación de su impacto medioambiental. Una de las reservas principales de gas se halla en el mar de Chioggia, a unos 10 km mar adentro de la costa veneciana, a una profundidad de entre 1.000 y 1.400 m. Se espera que la producción en este campo produzca un impacto en la estabilidad de la línea de costa, y que suponga una amenaza potencial para la ciudad de Venecia, situada a 25 km al noroeste de la explotación. Se desarrolló un modelo numérico para evaluar el riesgo de subsidencia debido a la extracción de gas a lo largo de los 13 años de producción y del período post-productivo de 12 años. Sus predicciones indican que se causará la compactación tanto

  10. Youngest Brown Dwarf Yet in a Multiple Stellar System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2000-07-01

    that direct detection and subsequent, effective spectroscopic verification of extra-solar planets is now quite feasible with a ground-based facility like the VLT. It is thus not a very daring prediction that the ongoing searches may soon lead to the first direct images of an extra-solar planet. These are indeed exciting times! More information The work described in this Press Release is discussed by the team in a research article that has been accepted for publication in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Another paper ( "Direct imaging search for planetary companions next to young nearby stars" ) is also available with more details about the current searches, including the spectrum of the background star at TWA-7. The Principal Investigator for this project may be contacted at: Ralph Neuhaeuser Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik D-85748 Garching Germany Phone +49-89-32993398 email: rne@mpe.mpg.de Notes [1]: The team consists of Ralph Neuhaeuser (Principal Investigator) and Nuria Huelamo (both Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Eike Guenther (Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany), Monika Petr (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany), Wolfgang Brandner (Institute for Astronomy, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA) and João Alves (ESO, Garching, Germany). [2]: The hitherto sharpest image (0.25 arcsec) was obtained in March 1999, cf. ESO PR 06/99. It was obtained during a period of exceptionally good "seeing" (low level of atmospheric turbulence). The installation of adaptive optics at the VLT, foreseen in 2001, will provide a means to overcome the image smearing effect of air turbulence and hence, consistently obtain stellar images of a few hundredths of an arcsecond diameter, near the theoretical limit for an 8.2-m telescope (the telescope diffraction limit ). [3]: 1 solar mass = 2 x 10 30 kg. 1 Jupiter mass = 2 x 10 27 kg ~ 0.001 solar mass. Thus, the "BD-limit" of 0.08 solar masses corresponds to