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Sample records for pier giorgio righetti

  1. Giorgio Fiocco (1931-2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visconti, Guido

    2012-10-01

    Giorgio Fiocco was found dead in the roof garden of his mother's house on 31 July 2012, with pliers and a screwdriver in his hands. He was apparently fixing the watering system for her flowers. The passion for laboratory work never left Giorgio, and his contributions to very different aspects of experimental geophysics will remain his most important legacy. Immediately after the invention of the laser, Giorgio was the first to demonstrate many applications using this technology. The most important was light detection and ranging (lidar), which is now one of the most important sounding techniques for the atmosphere. He pioneered the first Doppler lidar to measure wind and the development of a very long baseline laser interferometer to measure the strain rate of seismic faults or the detection of gravitational waves.

  2. [Giorgio Baglivi's family and correspondents from Lecce].

    PubMed

    De Simone, E; Guerrieri, G

    2000-01-01

    Some information on Baglivi's family, particularly on Pietro Angelo, and on Giorgio Baglivi's correspondents from Lecce are given. New published and unpublished sources useful to reconstruct the Slav doctor's biography are also indicated. Moreover the warning of a manuscript by the Provincial Library in Lecce let us add new information on the stories concerning Giorgio Baglivi's correspondence.

  3. Piers Sellers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    Piers Sellers is currently Deputy Director of the Sciences and Exploration Directorate and Acting Director of the Earth Sciences Division at NASA/GSFC. He was born and educated in the United Kingdom and moved to the U.S. in 1982 to carry out climate research at NASA/GSFC. From 1982 to 1996, he worked on global climate problems, particularly those involving interactions between the biosphere and the atmosphere, and was involved in constructing computer models of the global climate system, satellite data interpretation and conducting large-scale field experiments in the USA, Canada, Africa, and Brazil. He served as project scientist for the first large Earth Observing System platform, Terra, launched in 1998. He joined the NASA astronaut corps in 1996 and flew to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2002, 2006, and 2010, carrying out six spacewalks and working on ISS assembly tasks. He returned to Goddard Space Flight Center in June, 2011. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Rebecca Roth NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  4. 110. PLAN AND ELEVATION OF HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    110. PLAN AND ELEVATION OF HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: PIER APPROACH TO MID-SECTION Sheet 1 of 9 (#3252) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  5. 111. PLAN AND ELEVATION OF HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    111. PLAN AND ELEVATION OF HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: PIER MID-SECTION TO END Sheet 2 of 9 (#3253) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  6. 6. East end of pier, from Pier 11, view to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. East end of pier, from Pier 11, view to south showing relationship to mouth of Dry Dock 5 (right). - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  7. 31. VIEW OF SOUTHSIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. VIEW OF SOUTHSIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING PIER SECTION FROM BENT 10-5 AND BIKE PATH IN FOREGROUND. NOTE: THE NETS TO CATCH FALLING CONCRETE - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  8. 13. DETAIL OF GIRDER AND PIER CAP OF PIER 3, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. DETAIL OF GIRDER AND PIER CAP OF PIER 3, SHOWING CYLINDRICAL FIXED BEARING SHOE. NOTE CONCRETE SHOE PEDESTAL, EXTENDED IN 1965 TO COMPENSATE FOR PIER SETTLEMENT. VIEW TO EAST. - Rio Puerco Bridge, Mainline Road, spanning Rio Puerco, Holbrook, Navajo County, AZ

  9. Giorgio Vasari and the Image of the Hour

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gahtan, M. W.

    2011-06-01

    Giorgio Vasari created the first allegories of the twenty-four hours in the mid-16th century. This essay explores Vasari's novel images in the context of his visual and literary sources, the rising importance of household timepieces, and the artist's other works and writings. Although a focused study of a single motif within Vasari's oeuvre, it has implications for the broader transformation time perception and its psychological dimensions then taking place in Early Modern Europe.

  10. Observed and Predicted Pier Scour in Maine

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hodgkins, Glenn A.; Lombard, Pamela J.

    2002-01-01

    Pier-scour and related data were collected and analyzed for nine high river flows at eight bridges across Maine from 1997 through 2001. Six bridges had multiple piers. Fifteen of 23 piers where data were measured during a high flow had observed maximum scour depths ranging from 0.5 feet (ft) to 12.0 ft. No pier scour was observed at the remaining eight piers. The maximum predicted pier-scour depths associated with the 23 piers were computed using the equations in the Federal Highway Administration's Hydraulic Engineering Circular number 18 (HEC-18), with data collected for this study. The predicted HEC-18 maximum pier-scour depths were compared to the observed maximum pier-scour depths. The HEC-18 pier-scour equations are intended to be envelope equations, ideally never underpredicting scour depths and not appreciably overpredicting them. The HEC-18 pier-scour equations performed well for rivers in Maine. Twenty-two out of 23 pier-scour depths were overpredicted by 0.7 ft to 18.3 ft. One pier-scour depth was underpredicted by 4.5 ft. For one pier at each of two bridges, large amounts of debris lodged on the piers after high-flow measurements were made at those sites. The scour associated with the debris increased the maximum pier-scour depths by about 5 ft in each case.

  11. The metaphysical art of Giorgio de Chirico. Migraine or epilepsy?

    PubMed

    Blanke, Olaf; Landis, Theodor

    2003-01-01

    It has been suggested that the great Italian painter Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978), who developed the unique style of 'metaphysical art', suffered from migraine and used some of his morbid manifestations as a source of inspiration for his paintings. Yet, whereas many of the symptoms that de Chirico described are rare in migraine, they are frequently encountered in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Here we rediscuss de Chirico's symptoms critically and suggest that, if his symptoms were of neurological origin, they rather relate to temporal lobe epilepsy than migraine.

  12. Advanced Pier Concepts Users Guide.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-10-01

    4-18 4-16 Floating Pier Anchorage Alternatives ............................ 4-19 5-1 Typical Monopile Design...Fenders ............ 5-30 5-21 Monopiles with Impact Panel ..................................... 5-32 6-1 Typical Steam Service Flow Rate Histories...rubber dock fenders. It also shows a method of protecting a pier with steel tubular piles designed to accept the entire lateral berthing load. The monopile

  13. 3. General view of Pier 10 with crane rail imbedded ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. General view of Pier 10 with crane rail imbedded in concrete Dry Dock 5 edge at north side of pier, Pier 9 at extreme right. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  14. 9. DETAIL, TYPICAL STIFF TOWER PIER (PIER P5), FROM SOUTHEAST, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. DETAIL, TYPICAL STIFF TOWER PIER (PIER P5), FROM SOUTHEAST, SHOWING STRUCTURAL CONFIGURATION, INCLUDING U-SHAPED TOWER WALLS BRACED BY HORIZONTAL STRUTS - Fifth Street Viaduct, Spanning Bacon's Quarter Branch Valley on Fifth Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA

  15. The last myth of Giorgio De Chirico: neurological art.

    PubMed

    Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2010-01-01

    Giorgio de Chirico is one of the most admired and at the same time most discredited painters of the 20th century. As the 'inventor' of metaphysical painting, he has been considered as a precursor of Surrealism, while his later works have been harshly criticized as representative of the painter's decay. The mystery and dream-like atmosphere irradiating from his works has led to speculations that de Chirico may have taken his inspiration from migraine attacks or complex partial seizures. However, a careful study of his life and his own writings suggests that while de Chirico probably suffered from recurrent malaria, he had neither migraines nor epilepsy. De Chirico also denied that dreams were a major source of his inspiration, but he insisted on his fertile inner imagery, which allowed him to put in a new, poetic, often conflictual perspective, places and objects, which he had actually seen (Hofgarten arcades, Italian piazzas, statues, antique ruins, etc.) in Athens, Munich, Florence, Turin, Ferrare, and other towns. De Chirico was accused of self-plagiarism because he commonly used his former themes in new works, sometimes in what may look like servile copies of his early paintings. This 'replay syndrome' is quite unique in modern art, which has been dominated by the obligation, dogma and cult of newness and renewal. At odds with most of his contemporaries, Andy Warhol suggested that de Chirico made such recurrent series because 'he liked it'. Indeed, as a lifelong admirer of Nietzsche, de Chirico may just have applied the philosopher's concept of the 'eternal return', in which one is supposed to live and accomplish tasks that one would want to repeat forever. In that way, de Chirico's work should not be considered as that of a genius who fell into decadence, but may appear as a continuous, organized process to which organic brain dysfunction never contributed.

  16. 28. GRAIN TERMINAL/COLUMBIA STREET PIER/ALTERATIONS AND REPAIRS TO PIER SHED: ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. GRAIN TERMINAL/COLUMBIA STREET PIER/ALTERATIONS AND REPAIRS TO PIER SHED: WARM AREA - PLAN AND RETAILS (Drawing 2 of 7) - New York Barge Canal, Gowanus Bay Terminal Pier, East of bulkhead supporting Columbia Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  17. 10. DETAIL, TYPICAL STIFF TOWER PIER (PIER P13), FROM ABOVE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. DETAIL, TYPICAL STIFF TOWER PIER (PIER P13), FROM ABOVE AND SOUTH, SHOWING LOCATION OF PIER IN BACON'S QUARTER BRANCH VALLEY, IMMEDIATELY SOUTH OF RAILROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY - Fifth Street Viaduct, Spanning Bacon's Quarter Branch Valley on Fifth Street, Richmond, Independent City, VA

  18. 11. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM WATERLINE; SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM WATERLINE; SHOWING LIFEGUARD TOWER TO END OF PIER - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  19. 22. GROUND VIEW OF PIERS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING BENTS 13, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. GROUND VIEW OF PIERS, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING BENTS 1-3, STAIRWAY (RIGHT), RESTROOMS UNDER PIER (CENTER), MAXWELL'S RESTAURANT IN BACKGROUND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  20. 8. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BEACH; SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BEACH; SHOWING 17TH BENT TO END; NEPTUNE'S GALLEY TO END OF PIER - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  1. 122. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    122. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF EXTENSION TO PIER Sheet 4 of 11 (#3276) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  2. 120. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    120. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF EXISTING PIER Sheet 2 of 11 (#3274) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  3. 101. DETAIL OF BALUSTRADE ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER APPROACH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    101. DETAIL OF BALUSTRADE ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER APPROACH, LOOKING SOUTHWEST; 'MUNICIPAL PIER 1914' DATESTONE (LEFT), 'HUNTINGTON BEACH' STONE (RIGHT) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  4. 45. VIEW OF STAIRWAY UP FROM BEACH TO PIER APPROACH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    45. VIEW OF STAIRWAY UP FROM BEACH TO PIER APPROACH, NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING NORTHEAST - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  5. 10. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BEACH; SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BEACH; SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) CAPTAIN'S GALLEY'S GALLEY TO END OF PIER - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  6. 121. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    121. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LAYOUT OF EXISTING PIER Sheet 3 of 11 (#3275) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  7. 3. PIER 4, EASTERNMOST PORTION OF SOUTH SIDE, FROM THIRD ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. PIER 4, EASTERNMOST PORTION OF SOUTH SIDE, FROM THIRD STREET, LOOKING NORTHWEST, WITH BOW OF USS METEOR IN UPPER LEFT-HAND CORNER. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Piers 4 & 5, Piers 4 & 5, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  8. 10. VIEW OF PIER 42 BULKHEAD BUILDING INTERIOR (PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. VIEW OF PIER 42 BULKHEAD BUILDING INTERIOR (PARTIALLY DEMOLISHED) WITH JAVA HOUSE IN BACKGROUND, FACING NORTH. - Pier 42 Bulkhead Building, Pier 42, Embarcadero, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  9. 4. West side of pier showing distinct piling configuration. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. West side of pier showing distinct piling configuration. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  10. 5. Detail of west side of pier, at low tide. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Detail of west side of pier, at low tide. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  11. 24 CFR 3285.304 - Pier configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... inches; (2) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells aligned vertically; and (3) When... across capped-hollow block piers, as shown in Figures A and B to § 3285.306. (2) Caps must be solid... configuration. (a) Concrete blocks. Installation instructions for concrete block piers must be developed in...

  12. 24 CFR 3285.304 - Pier configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... inches; (2) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells aligned vertically; and (3) When... across capped-hollow block piers, as shown in Figures A and B to § 3285.306. (2) Caps must be solid... configuration. (a) Concrete blocks. Installation instructions for concrete block piers must be developed in...

  13. 24 CFR 3285.303 - Piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... must be capable of transmitting the vertical live and dead loads to the footings or foundation. (b... wood with a water borne preservative, in accordance with AWPA Standard U1-04 (incorporated by reference... dimensions of the home, the design dead and live loads, the spacing of the piers, and the way the piers...

  14. 24 CFR 3285.303 - Piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... must be capable of transmitting the vertical live and dead loads to the footings or foundation. (b... wood with a water borne preservative, in accordance with AWPA Standard U1-04 (incorporated by reference... dimensions of the home, the design dead and live loads, the spacing of the piers, and the way the piers...

  15. Rethinking the Learning Society: Giorgio Agamben on Studying, Stupidity, and Impotence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author rethinks critiques of the learning society using Giorgio Agamben's theory of potentiality. Summarizing several major contributions to our understanding of the limitations of the discourse of learning, the author proposes that critics thus far have failed to fully pinpoint the exact danger of learning. Importantly,…

  16. Education as Free Use: Giorgio Agamben on Studious Play, Toys, and the Inoperative Schoolhouse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2014-01-01

    In this essay, I argue that the work of Giorgio Agamben provides us with a theory of studious play which cuts across many of the categories that polarize educational thought. Rather than either ritualized testing or constructivist playfulness, Agamben provides a model of what he refers to as studious play--a practice which suspends the logic of…

  17. Rethinking the Learning Society: Giorgio Agamben on Studying, Stupidity, and Impotence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author rethinks critiques of the learning society using Giorgio Agamben's theory of potentiality. Summarizing several major contributions to our understanding of the limitations of the discourse of learning, the author proposes that critics thus far have failed to fully pinpoint the exact danger of learning. Importantly,…

  18. Citing "Whatever" Authority: The Ethics of Quotation in the Work of Giorgio Agamben

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Colby

    2014-01-01

    This article seeks to lay out an analysis of Giorgio Agamben's central claims with regard to the formation of a theory of citationality. By juxtaposing Walter Benjamin's theory of citations alongside his more recent, critical engagements with the Western theological tradition, Agamben sets himself the goal of redefining ethics along…

  19. Citing "Whatever" Authority: The Ethics of Quotation in the Work of Giorgio Agamben

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Colby

    2014-01-01

    This article seeks to lay out an analysis of Giorgio Agamben's central claims with regard to the formation of a theory of citationality. By juxtaposing Walter Benjamin's theory of citations alongside his more recent, critical engagements with the Western theological tradition, Agamben sets himself the goal of redefining ethics along…

  20. Education as Free Use: Giorgio Agamben on Studious Play, Toys, and the Inoperative Schoolhouse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2014-01-01

    In this essay, I argue that the work of Giorgio Agamben provides us with a theory of studious play which cuts across many of the categories that polarize educational thought. Rather than either ritualized testing or constructivist playfulness, Agamben provides a model of what he refers to as studious play--a practice which suspends the logic of…

  1. 2. Detail gate spanning mouth of dry dock between Piers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Detail gate spanning mouth of dry dock between Piers 10 and 11, view is to southwest, with Pier 10 in distance left. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  2. Substructure Main Bridge, Piers B & C Huey ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Substructure - Main Bridge, Piers B & C - Huey P. Long Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River approximately midway between nine & twelve mile points upstream from & west of New Orleans, Jefferson, Jefferson Parish, LA

  3. Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    The third Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS) was held 12-16 Jul. 1993, at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. More than 800 presentations were made, and those abstracts are included in this publication.

  4. 24 CFR 3285.304 - Pier configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.304 Pier... joint in the blocks below. (c) Gaps. Any gaps that occur during installation between the bottom of...

  5. 24 CFR 3285.304 - Pier configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.304 Pier... joint in the blocks below. (c) Gaps. Any gaps that occur during installation between the bottom of...

  6. 3. AERIAL VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, WITH INTERSECTION OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. AERIAL VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, WITH INTERSECTION OF PACIFIC COAST HIGHWAY AND MAIN STREET IN FOREGROUND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  7. 12. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST, SHOWING LIFEGUARD TOWER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST, SHOWING LIFEGUARD TOWER AND 2ND TEE (CENTER), REFUGE BAY (RIGHT) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  8. 29. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM MAXWELL'S RESTAURANT, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    29. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM MAXWELL'S RESTAURANT, SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) LIFEGUARD TOWER TO BENT 4 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  9. 14. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFTRIGHT) PUMPHOUSE, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) PUMPHOUSE, TACKLE BOX, RESTROOMS ON 3RD TEE - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  10. 48. VIEW OF PIER DECK, TAKEN FROM HALFWAY BETWEEN APPPROACH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    48. VIEW OF PIER DECK, TAKEN FROM HALFWAY BETWEEN APPPROACH AND 1ST TEE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, SHOWING CAPTAIN'S GALLEY (LEFT) AND NEPTUNE'S LOCKER (RIGHT) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  11. 26. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFTRIGHT) BENTS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) BENTS 18-23 NEPTUNE'S LOCKER (RIGHT), WITH CAPTAIN'S GALLEY BEHIND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  12. 24. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFTRIGHT) BENTS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) BENTS 10-19, NEPTUNE'S LOCKER (RIGHT), WITH CAPTAIN'S GALLEY BEHIND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  13. 47. VIEW OF PIER DECK, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM GATE, SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    47. VIEW OF PIER DECK, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM GATE, SHOWING CAPTAIN'S GALLEY (LEFT) AND NEPTUNE'S LOCKER (RIGHT) IN CENTER - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  14. 7. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST FROM BEACH; SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST FROM BEACH; SHOWING 27TH BENT LANDWARD TO MAXWELL'S RESTAURANT, NEPTUNE'S GALLEY (RIGHT OF CENTER) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  15. 25. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFTRIGHT) BENTS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. GROUND VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING (LEFT-RIGHT) BENTS 16-25, NEPTUNE'S LOCKER (LEFT), WITH CAPTAIN'S GALLEY BEHIND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  16. Detail, center pier, showing rigidlyfixed arch ribs, starpattern balustrade, and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail, center pier, showing rigidly-fixed arch ribs, star-pattern balustrade, and simple ornamentation including molded treatment of concrete, pyramidal pier cap, and stylized pilaster - Horner Street Bridge, Horner Street over Stonycreek River, Johnstown, Cambria County, PA

  17. DETAIL VIEW, LOOKING WEST, SHOWING ARCH RIB FROM PIER TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL VIEW, LOOKING WEST, SHOWING ARCH RIB FROM PIER TO PIER, WITH SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD BRIDGE IN BACKGROUND - Ash Avenue Bridge, Spanning Salt River at Foot of Ash Avenue, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

  18. 34. BARGE LOADING PIER, DETAIL SHOWING CABLE CAR TRACKS, CABLE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. BARGE LOADING PIER, DETAIL SHOWING CABLE CAR TRACKS, CABLE CARS AND WALKWAYS. LOOKING TOWARD THE EAST END FROM THE WEST END - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  19. WEST PIER OF NORTH GATE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    WEST PIER OF NORTH GATE (490 NORTH & 900 EAST), SALT LAKE CITY, UT. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH AT THE WEST PIER OF THE CEMETERY'S NORTH GATE. - Salt Lake City Cemetery, 200 N Street, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, UT

  20. 123. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: REPAIR DETAILS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    123. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: REPAIR DETAILS Sheet 5 of 11 (#3277) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  1. 126. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: EXTENSION DETAILS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    126. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: EXTENSION DETAILS Sheet 7 of 11 (#3280) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  2. 128. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: BOAT LANDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    128. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: BOAT LANDING DETAILS Sheet 9 of 11 (#3282) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  3. 127. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: FRAMING DETAILS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    127. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: FRAMING DETAILS Sheet 8 of 11 (#3281) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  4. 125. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: MODIFIED RAMP ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    125. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: MODIFIED RAMP DETAILS Sheet 6A of 11 (#3279) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  5. 129. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LIGHTING DIAGRAM. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    129. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LIGHTING DIAGRAM. Sheet lO of 11 (#3283) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  6. 124. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: RAMP DETAILS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    124. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: RAMP DETAILS Sheet 6 of 11 (#3278) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  7. 130. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LIGHTING DETAILS. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    130. PLAN OF IMPROVEMENT, HUNTINGTON BEACH MUNICIPAL PIER: LIGHTING DETAILS. Sheet 11 of 11 (#3284) - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  8. 104. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER TAKEN FROM BEACH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    104. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER TAKEN FROM BEACH, LOOKING SOUTH. BANDSHELL IS AT RIGHT Photograph #1574-HB. Photographer unknown, c. 1914 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  9. 12. DETAIL VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF CONCRETE PIER IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. DETAIL VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF CONCRETE PIER IN RIVER, LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST. NOTE JUNCTION OF SPAN FRAMEWORKS AND STEEL SHOE PIER CONNECTIONS - Jensen Bridge, Spanning Green River at Town of Jensen, Jensen, Uintah County, UT

  10. 16. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE, SHOWING GATES, PIERS, BRIDGE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE, SHOWING GATES, PIERS, BRIDGE GIRDERS AND ROLLER GATE BULKHEADS STORED ON PIER ABUTMENTS, LOOKING WEST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

  11. Central part of Pier 22, southwest part, showing the northwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Central part of Pier 22, southwest part, showing the northwest side of the Shore Power Supply Electric Distribution Center (Building 734) - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Finger Piers 22 & 23, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  12. Central part of Pier 22, showing the southeast side of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Central part of Pier 22, showing the southeast side of the Shore Power Supply Electric Distribution Center (Building 734) - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Finger Piers 22 & 23, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  13. 16. VIEW SOUTHWEST OF CONCRETE PIER SUPPORTING CAMELBACK AND PENNSYLVANIA ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. VIEW SOUTHWEST OF CONCRETE PIER SUPPORTING CAMELBACK AND PENNSYLVANIA PETIT TRUSSES. ORIGINAL PIER LYING IN FOREGROUND DESTROYED BY 1915 FLOOD DURING CONSTRUCTION - New River Bridge, Spanning New River at State Route 623, Pembroke, Giles County, VA

  14. 15. VIEW SOUTH OF CONCRETE PIER SUPPORTING CAMELBACK AND PENNSYLVANIA ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. VIEW SOUTH OF CONCRETE PIER SUPPORTING CAMELBACK AND PENNSYLVANIA PETIT TRUSSES. ORIGINAL PIER LYING IN FOREGROUND DESTROYED BY 1915 FLOOD DURING ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION - New River Bridge, Spanning New River at State Route 623, Pembroke, Giles County, VA

  15. Detail, north span, abutment and pier, from southwest, showing northwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail, north span, abutment and pier, from southwest, showing northwest arch rib rigidly fixed at center pier and north abutment, and hangers and floorbeams supporting bridge deck - Horner Street Bridge, Horner Street over Stonycreek River, Johnstown, Cambria County, PA

  16. 34. View of pier 3, showing supporting main anchor arm ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. View of pier 3, showing supporting main anchor arm and cantilever arm spans, as seen from shore near pier 4, looking north - Williamstown-Marietta Bridge, Spanning Ohio River between Williamstown & Marietta, Williamstown, Wood County, WV

  17. 7. VIEW SOUTH FROM HEAD OF PIER NEAR E. PRATT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. VIEW SOUTH FROM HEAD OF PIER NEAR E. PRATT STREET SHOWING SURFACE PARKING - Baltimore Inner Harbor, Pier 5, South of Pratt Street between Market Place & Concord Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  18. 39. West tile gauge on south pier. Each square tile ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. West tile gauge on south pier. Each square tile is 4' in size. Bottom left hand corner of west tile - Duluth Ship Canal, South Pier, North end of Minnesota Point & Canal Park, Duluth, St. Louis County, MN

  19. 40. West tile gauge on south pier. Each square tile ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. West tile gauge on south pier. Each square tile is 4' in size. Bottom right hand corner of west tile - Duluth Ship Canal, South Pier, North end of Minnesota Point & Canal Park, Duluth, St. Louis County, MN

  20. 14. VIEW TO EAST. DETAIL, CENTER PIER, TURNTABLE ASSEMBLY, CONTROL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. VIEW TO EAST. DETAIL, CENTER PIER, TURNTABLE ASSEMBLY, CONTROL CABIN. (Photographed from boat) NOTE CUTWATER ON UPSTREAM SIDE OF CENTER PIER. - Gianella Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at State Highway 32, Hamilton City, Glenn County, CA

  1. 4. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST SHOWING WEST SIDE OF PIER AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST SHOWING WEST SIDE OF PIER AND PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE CONNECTING MARINE MAMMAL PAVILION WITH BALTIMORE AQUARIUM - Baltimore Inner Harbor, Pier 4, South side of Pratt Street between Frederick Street & Market Place, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  2. 2. Pilings at end of Pier 11, low tide, view ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Pilings at end of Pier 11, low tide, view to north. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 11, Charlestown Waterfront at confluence of Little Mystic Channel & Mystic River at northernmost ent of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  3. 99. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING EAST FROM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    99. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING EAST FROM STORM-DAMAGED END. 3RD TEE BUILDINGS IN BACKGROUND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  4. View of yacht club and avila pier, facing west. The ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of yacht club and avila pier, facing west. The San Luis Bay Club is visible on the hill in the background. - San Luis Yacht Club, Avila Pier, South of Front Street, Avila Beach, San Luis Obispo County, CA

  5. A pier-scour database: 2,427 field and laboratory measurements of pier scour

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Benedict, Stephen T.; Caldwell, Andral W.

    2014-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a literature review to identify potential sources of published pier-scour data, and selected data were compiled into a digital spreadsheet called the 2014 USGS Pier-Scour Database (PSDb-2014) consisting of 569 laboratory and 1,858 field measurements. These data encompass a wide range of laboratory and field conditions and represent field data from 23 States within the United States and from 6 other countries. The digital spreadsheet is available on the Internet and offers a valuable resource to engineers and researchers seeking to understand pier-scour relations in the laboratory and field.

  6. Ocean Disposal of Man-Made Ice Piers

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The National Science Foundation is permitted to ocean dump man-made ice piers from its base at McMurdo Sound in Antarctica under a MPRSA general permit. Information is provided about ice piers and impacts of ice pier disposal.

  7. 13. VIEW EAST OF NORTHEAST CONCRETE PIER AND WING WALL. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. VIEW EAST OF NORTHEAST CONCRETE PIER AND WING WALL. NOTE DETAIL OF 1920 CONCRETE PIER WHICH WAS CAST IN PLACE AROUND A VERTICAL POST, AND STOP LOCK NOTCH TO LEFT OF CONCRETE PIER. - Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, Conococheague Creek Aqueduct, Milepost 99.80, Williamsport, Washington County, MD

  8. 103. VIEW OF BEACH STRUCTURES ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    103. VIEW OF BEACH STRUCTURES ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTHEAST; PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY CAR (UPPER LEFT), CONCESSION STANDS (LOWER LEFT), BANDSHELL (RIGHT), AND PIER IN BACKGROUND Photograph #5352-HB. Photographer unknown, c. 1914 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  9. 107. VIEW OF BEACH DEVELOPMENT ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    107. VIEW OF BEACH DEVELOPMENT ON NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH-SOUTHEAST. SECTION OF PIER IS IN BACKGROUND Photograph #1579-HB. Photographer unknown, c. 1930-31 prior to replacement of original light standards in 1930-31 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  10. 14. View south from first level roof of firing pier. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. View south from first level roof of firing pier. Pitched corrugated metal roof marks location of the frame approach connecting the firing pier to the shop (shown in left distance). - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  11. 12. Historic view, Pier 11. View to north, showing concrete ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Historic view, Pier 11. View to north, showing concrete pier under construction, 1956. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 11, Charlestown Waterfront at confluence of Little Mystic Channel & Mystic River at northernmost ent of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  12. 8. Historic view, Pier 9. Plan of deck and pilings, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic view, Pier 9. Plan of deck and pilings, 1932. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 9, Between Piers 8 & 10, along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  13. 5. Historic view, Pier 9. View to east, no date. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic view, Pier 9. View to east, no date. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 8682 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 9, Between Piers 8 & 10, along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  14. 11. Historic view, Pier 11. View to north, showing concrete ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic view, Pier 11. View to north, showing concrete pier under construction, 1956. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 11, Charlestown Waterfront at confluence of Little Mystic Channel & Mystic River at northernmost ent of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  15. 7. Historic view, Pier 9. Plan of Proposed Wharf, 1844. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic view, Pier 9. Plan of Proposed Wharf, 1844. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 13464 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 9, Between Piers 8 & 10, along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  16. 6. Historic view, Pier 9, 10, 11. Aerial Views to ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic view, Pier 9, 10, 11. Aerial Views to east, 1943. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 9, Between Piers 8 & 10, along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  17. 9. Historic view, Pier 11. View to southwest, showing timber ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic view, Pier 11. View to southwest, showing timber degaussing pier, 1951. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 11, Charlestown Waterfront at confluence of Little Mystic Channel & Mystic River at northernmost ent of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  18. 108. AERIAL VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EASTNORTHEAST. SUN PARLOR ON ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    108. AERIAL VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST. SUN PARLOR ON 3TH TEE OF PIER EXTENSION VISIBLE RIGHT OF CENTER Photographer unknown, c. 1931 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  19. 11. Historic drawing, Pier 10. Plan of deck and pilings, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Historic drawing, Pier 10. Plan of deck and pilings, 1932. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  20. 9. Historic view, Pier 10. View to east, 1932. Photographic ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Historic view, Pier 10. View to east, 1932. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 8777, USN # 271-32, 5/9/32 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  1. 10. Historic view, Pier 10. Aerial view to east, 1943. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic view, Pier 10. Aerial view to east, 1943. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 8685, USN #SQA466, 8/17/43 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  2. 3. Detail of west side of pier at low tide ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Detail of west side of pier at low tide revealing twin pilings with block spacers, usually submerged; view to northeast. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 9, Between Piers 8 & 10, along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  3. 8. Granite quay wall at foot of Pier 10 (west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Granite quay wall at foot of Pier 10 (west end), view to north, at low tide. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 10, Between Piers 9 & 11 along Mystic River on Charlestown Waterfront at eastern edge of Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  4. 24 CFR 3285.304 - Pier configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... configuration. (a) Concrete blocks. Installation instructions for concrete block piers must be developed in...-bearing (not decorative) concrete blocks must have nominal dimensions of at least 8 inches × 8 inches × 16 inches; (2) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells aligned vertically; and (3)...

  5. First-time observation of Mastro Giorgio masterpieces by means of non-destructive techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padeletti, G.; Ingo, G. M.; Bouquillon, A.; Pages-Camagna, S.; Aucouturier, M.; Roehrs, S.; Fermo, P.

    2006-06-01

    For the first time some excellent pieces belonging to the majolica production of the great master Giorgio Andreoli from Gubbio (Central Italy) have been characterized from a chemical and structural point of view with the aim to identify the composition of both pigments and lustres. A series of particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) and Raman analyses have been performed on some plates coming from Museo del Palazzo dei Consoli (Gubbio) and several French museums (Louvre, Musée National de la Céramique, Musée National de la Renaissance) lustred by Giorgio Andreoli and decorated by famous majolica painters such as Francesco Xanto Avelli. The three techniques are complementary and useful in the investigation of art objects since they are non-destructive. Furthermore, the low detection limits allow the identification of all elements and compounds present, and RBS allows concentration profiling, too. It is worth noticing that the examined objects are characterized by the presence of both gold and ruby-red lustres, a peculiarity of Mastro Giorgio’s technique. The measurements by PIXE and RBS have been carried out on the AGLAE accelerator at C2RMF, Louvre Palace.

  6. Conceptual Design of Navy Floating Pier.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-09-01

    the berthing and servicing needs of combatant ships. Thus: (a) The pier structure rides the tide along with the berthed ship. This means the mooring...next to the berthed ships. Head room along the perimeter is limited to about 9 ft. because of the service walkway. This means that only smaller...additional locations are noted. Table 2 summarizes the utility outlet data and shows that the mean horizontal distance for utility hoses to run between the

  7. Streambed stresses and flow around bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Parola, A.C.; Ruhl, K.J.; Hagerty, D.J.; Brown, B.M.; Ford, D.L.; Korves, A.A.

    1996-01-01

    Scour of streambed material around bridge foundations by floodwaters is the leading cause of catastrophic bridge failure in the United States. The potential for scour and the stability of riprap used to protect the streambed from scour during extreme flood events must be known to evaluate the likelihood of bridge failure. A parameter used in estimating the potential for scour and removal of riprap protection is the time-averaged shear stress on the streambed often referred to as boundary stress. Bridge components, such as bridge piers and abutments, obstruct flow and induce strong vortex systems that create streambed or boundary stresses significantly higher than those in unobstructed flow. These locally high stresses can erode the streambed around pier and abutment foundations to the extent that the foundation is undermined, resulting in settlement or collapse of bridge spans. The purpose of this study was to estimate streambed stresses at a bridge pier under full-scale flow conditions and to compare these stresses with those obtained previously in small-scale model studies. Two-dimensional velocity data were collected for three flow conditions around a bridge pier at the Kentucky State Highway 417 bridge over the Green River at Greensburg in Green County, Ky. Velocity vector plots and the horizontal component of streambed stress contour plots were developed from the velocity data. The streambed stress contours were developed using both a near-bed velocity and velocity gradient method. Maximum near-bed velocities measured at the pier for the three flow conditions were 1.5, 1.6, and 2.0 times the average near-bed velocities measured in the upstream approach flow. Maximum streambed stresses for the three flow conditions were determined to be 10, 15, and 36 times the streambed stresses of the upstream approach flow. Both the near-bed velocity measurements and approximate maximum streambed stresses at the full-scale pier were consistent with those observed in

  8. Fort Mason Center: Pier 2 Project

    SciTech Connect

    Nester, Patrick

    2014-08-30

    The rooftop Photovoltaic (PV) panels and radiant piping project was constructed by Fort Mason Center as part of its $21 million comprehensive rehabilitation of the Pier 2 shed which include the shed’s electrical, natural gas and water systems. Fort Mason Center improved performance while reducing energy and water usage and costs to demonstrate the efficiencies and opportunities available to large multi-function facilities. The scalable demand of these facilities required a layered approach to conservation, control and production. The project employed a comprehensive retrofit of electrical natural gas, and plumbing systems to maximize efficiency and lower carbon footprint specifically to demonstrate the effectiveness of these strategies in a public setting with varied and diverse use. The project was completed in July 2014 and met the expected outcomes regarding increased comfort and operational efficiency throughout the Pier 2 shed as well as on site electrical generation of current consumption. The entire Pier 2 shed project won a 2015 California Preservation Foundation design award for historic rehabilitation.

  9. Hysteretic Behavior of Prestressed Concrete Bridge Pier with Fiber Model

    PubMed Central

    Hui-li, Wang; Guang-qi, Feng; Si-feng, Qin

    2014-01-01

    The hysteretic behavior and seismic characteristics of the prestressed concrete bridge pier were researched. The effects of the prestressed tendon ratio, the longitudinal reinforcement ratio, and the stirrup reinforcement ratio on the hysteretic behavior and seismic characteristics of the prestressed concrete bridge pier have been obtained with the fiber model analysis method. The analysis show some results about the prestressed concrete bridge pier. Firstly, greater prestressed tendon ratio and more longitudinal reinforcement can lead to more obvious pier's hysteresis loop “pinching effect,” smaller residual displacement, and lower energy dissipation capacity. Secondly, the greater the stirrup reinforcement ratio is, the greater the hysteresis loop area is. That also means that bridge piers will have better ductility and stronger shear capacity. The results of the research will provide a theoretical basis for the hysteretic behavior analysis of the prestressed concrete pier. PMID:24578635

  10. Hysteretic behavior of prestressed concrete bridge pier with fiber model.

    PubMed

    Wang, Hui-li; Feng, Guang-qi; Qin, Si-feng

    2014-01-01

    The hysteretic behavior and seismic characteristics of the prestressed concrete bridge pier were researched. The effects of the prestressed tendon ratio, the longitudinal reinforcement ratio, and the stirrup reinforcement ratio on the hysteretic behavior and seismic characteristics of the prestressed concrete bridge pier have been obtained with the fiber model analysis method. The analysis show some results about the prestressed concrete bridge pier. Firstly, greater prestressed tendon ratio and more longitudinal reinforcement can lead to more obvious pier's hysteresis loop "pinching effect," smaller residual displacement, and lower energy dissipation capacity. Secondly, the greater the stirrup reinforcement ratio is, the greater the hysteresis loop area is. That also means that bridge piers will have better ductility and stronger shear capacity. The results of the research will provide a theoretical basis for the hysteretic behavior analysis of the prestressed concrete pier.

  11. Pier-scour depths affected by clay in Mississippi

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wilson, K. Van

    1998-01-01

    This paper briefly presents pier-scour depths measured during 1943-94, that are thought to have been affected by consolidated cohesive materials (clay) in Mississippi. MDOT soil reports were available for 29 measured pier-scour depths thought to be affected by clay. The cohesion and friction angles were approximated for the clay, and using the soil borings where clay was overlain by sand and(or) gravel, the top of the clay stratum was approximated in order to determine the net scour through the clay. Eight additional measured pier-scour depths were thought to be affected by clay, but no MDOT soil reports or borings were available. The net pier-scour depth through the clay is a rough approximation where sand and (or) gravel overlie a clay stratum and, therefore, only represents part of the total pier-scour depth. Limited data indicate the pier-scour depth decreases as shear strength of the clay increases.

  12. It's a Profane Life: Giorgio Agamben on the Freedom of Im-Potentiality in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tyson Edward

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I explore the importance of Giorgio Agamben's theory of potentiality for rethinking education. While potentiality has been a long-standing concern for educational practitioners and theorists, Agamben's work is unique in that it emphasizes how potentiality can only be thought of in relation to impotentiality. This moment…

  13. 2. View of pier #3, West approach, Detroit Superior High ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. View of pier #3, West approach, Detroit Superior High Level bridge (1914-1917). Pier #3 and #4 support the steel rive span. They are 116 feet by 80 feet at the base and rest on stiff blue clay 45 feet below the surface of the river. Cast-steel bolsters of the three-hinge steel arch are anchored by structural steel grillage to the masory piers. - Detroit Superior High Level Bridge, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

  14. 109. VIEW OF SOUTHEAST SIDE OF PIER TAKEN FROM BEACH, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    109. VIEW OF SOUTHEAST SIDE OF PIER TAKEN FROM BEACH, LOOKING WEST. VIEW SHOWS ART DECO BUILDINGS ADDED IN 1931 AND 5TH TEE ADDED IN 1940 Photograph #5369-HB. Photographer unknown, c. 1945, based on clothing of sunbathers; view probably taken in mid-1945 after the U.S. Army vacated the pier and it was reopened to the public. - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  15. Detail of pier structure and wood fenders of Facility No. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of pier structure and wood fenders of Facility No. B-1, showing floats in foreground and bollards on pier, view facing east - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, South Quay Wall & Repair Wharf, L-shaped portion of quay walls starting at east side of mouth of Dry Dock No. 1, continuing along ocean side of Sixth Street, adjacent to Pier B-2, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  16. 57. photographer unknown 30 October 1935 PIERS RISING FROM CONCRETE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    57. photographer unknown 30 October 1935 PIERS RISING FROM CONCRETE DECK. BAFFLES IN VARIOUS STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  17. HUNT STABLE COMPLEX LOOKING SOUTHWEST THROUGH EASTERNMOST SET OF PIERS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HUNT STABLE COMPLEX LOOKING SOUTHWEST THROUGH EASTERNMOST SET OF PIERS TOWARD STABLE - Overhills, Fort Bragg Military Reservation, Approximately 15 miles NW of Fayetteville, Overhills, Harnett County, NC

  18. Details of Plan, Pier Base, Chair Rail, Alter Frame, and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Details of Plan, Pier Base, Chair Rail, Alter Frame, and Sanctuary - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Northwestern Branch, Chapel, 5000 West National Avenue, Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, WI

  19. 346. Caltrans, Photographer July 8, 1935 "PIER El"; VIEW OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    346. Caltrans, Photographer July 8, 1935 "PIER E-l"; VIEW OF PIER E-I, DECK TRUSS, AND CANTILEVER TRUSS ANCHOR ARM UNDER CONSTRUCTION. 5-1583 - San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge, Spanning San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  20. 10. DETAIL VIEW OF LOWER LEVEL OF INTAKE PIER SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. DETAIL VIEW OF LOWER LEVEL OF INTAKE PIER SHOWING THE RIVER HEIGHT INDICATOR, ONE OF THE FIVE GATE OPENINGS, AND MOORINGS, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  1. 1. OVERALL VIEW OF INTAKE PIER AND ACCESS BRIDGE, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. OVERALL VIEW OF INTAKE PIER AND ACCESS BRIDGE, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM WESTERN LEVEE OF THE SACRAMENTO RIVER. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  2. 9. VIEW OF INTAKE PIER AND MAIN SPAN OF ACCESS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF INTAKE PIER AND MAIN SPAN OF ACCESS BRIDGE FROM WATER LEVEL, LOOKING NORTHWEST. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  3. 21 CFR 1240.86 - Protection of pier water system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Protection of pier water system. 1240.86 Section 1240.86 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... interstate traffic shall make a connection between its nonpotable water system and any pier potable...

  4. 7. CONNECTION PIER #4 TO PRATT ST. BULKHEAD WITH HANDWRITTEN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. CONNECTION PIER #4 TO PRATT ST. BULKHEAD WITH HANDWRITTEN CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT BETWEEN O.F. LACKEY AND SANFORD & BROOKS CO, DWG. 144, 1" = 1', MADE BY H.S. - Baltimore Inner Harbor, Pier 4, South side of Pratt Street between Frederick Street & Market Place, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  5. 33 CFR 118.100 - Retroreflective panels on bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Retroreflective panels on bridge... SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.100 Retroreflective panels on bridge piers. The... 12 inches square. (c) To mark bridge piers or channel sides on bridges not required to have bridge...

  6. 33 CFR 118.140 - Painting bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Painting bridge piers. 118.140 Section 118.140 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.140 Painting bridge piers. The District Commander may require...

  7. 33 CFR 118.140 - Painting bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Painting bridge piers. 118.140 Section 118.140 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.140 Painting bridge piers. The District Commander may require...

  8. 33 CFR 118.140 - Painting bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Painting bridge piers. 118.140 Section 118.140 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.140 Painting bridge piers. The District Commander may require...

  9. 33 CFR 118.140 - Painting bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Painting bridge piers. 118.140 Section 118.140 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.140 Painting bridge piers. The District Commander may require...

  10. 33 CFR 118.100 - Retroreflective panels on bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Retroreflective panels on bridge... SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.100 Retroreflective panels on bridge piers. The... 12 inches square. (c) To mark bridge piers or channel sides on bridges not required to have bridge...

  11. 33 CFR 118.100 - Retroreflective panels on bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Retroreflective panels on bridge... SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.100 Retroreflective panels on bridge piers. The... 12 inches square. (c) To mark bridge piers or channel sides on bridges not required to have bridge...

  12. 33 CFR 118.140 - Painting bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Painting bridge piers. 118.140 Section 118.140 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.140 Painting bridge piers. The District Commander may require...

  13. 33 CFR 118.100 - Retroreflective panels on bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Retroreflective panels on bridge... SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.100 Retroreflective panels on bridge piers. The... 12 inches square. (c) To mark bridge piers or channel sides on bridges not required to have bridge...

  14. 33 CFR 118.100 - Retroreflective panels on bridge piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retroreflective panels on bridge... SECURITY BRIDGES BRIDGE LIGHTING AND OTHER SIGNALS § 118.100 Retroreflective panels on bridge piers. The... 12 inches square. (c) To mark bridge piers or channel sides on bridges not required to have bridge...

  15. 49. Pier 4 of the 1927 bridge is visible in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. Pier 4 of the 1927 bridge is visible in the upper left of the image. The corresponding pier of the 1959 bridge is visible in the center top of the image. - Carquinez Bridge, Spanning Carquinez Strait at Interstate 80, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  16. 17. INTAKE PIER, BRIDGE STRESS SHEET, SHEET 8 OF 117, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. INTAKE PIER, BRIDGE STRESS SHEET, SHEET 8 OF 117, 1920. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  17. Analysis of onsite measurements of scour at piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Froehlich, David C.

    1988-01-01

    Existing onsite measurements of local scour at bridge piers were assembled and analyzed to obtain an equation that predicts the expected maximum depth of local scour at a bridge pier. A safety factor is suggested that provides a reasonable margin of error for design purposes.

  18. 24 CFR 3285.310 - Pier location and spacing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Pier location and spacing. 3285.310 Section 3285.310 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.310 Pier...

  19. 24 CFR 3285.310 - Pier location and spacing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Pier location and spacing. 3285.310 Section 3285.310 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.310 Pier...

  20. 24 CFR 3285.310 - Pier location and spacing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Pier location and spacing. 3285.310 Section 3285.310 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.310 Pier...

  1. 24 CFR 3285.310 - Pier location and spacing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pier location and spacing. 3285.310 Section 3285.310 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.310 Pier...

  2. 20. DETAIL VIEW OF A MOVABLE SHOE AT PIER 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. DETAIL VIEW OF A MOVABLE SHOE AT PIER 1, SHOWING THE SOUTH MAIN GIRDER AND THE CONCRETE DETERIORATION AT THE TOP OF THE PIER, LOOKING NORTHWEST Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

  3. 17. OUTSHORE TWOTHIRDS OF NEWLYCOMPLETED TERMINAL PIER INTERIOR, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. OUTSHORE TWO-THIRDS OF NEWLY-COMPLETED TERMINAL PIER INTERIOR, LOOKING SOUTHWEST, October 17, 1921. (Original negative destroyed; print in Barge Canal Construction Photographs, Box 12, Series 501, Accession No. 336-85, New York State Archives)) - New York Barge Canal, Gowanus Bay Terminal Pier, East of bulkhead supporting Columbia Street, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  4. Looking northeast from shore along the length of Pier 22 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Looking northeast from shore along the length of Pier 22 with a view of rigging platforms and Shore Power Supply Electric Distribution Center (Building 734) in the distance - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Finger Piers 22 & 23, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  5. Oblique perspective, due east by 70 degrees. Note concrete pier, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique perspective, due east by 70 degrees. Note concrete pier, added CA. 1930's. Other piers and abutments are heavily mortared rubble stone. - Watson Mill Bridge, Spanning South Fork Broad River, Watson Mill Road, Watson Mill Bridge State Park, Comer, Madison County, GA

  6. 14. Interior, northwestern side of Pier G, showing the adjustable ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Interior, northwestern side of Pier G, showing the adjustable ramp with pulley system. The typical first floor (supporting second floor) structural unit is two 12x12-inch columns, 8x12-inch diagonal braces, 6x12-inch cushion capitals, 12x12-inch beam, and 3x14-inch joists. - Lehigh Valley Railroad, Pier G, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

  7. 43. 'Firing Pier, Third and Fourth Floors and Roof Plan,' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. 'Firing Pier, Third and Fourth Floors and Roof Plan,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3869-46, Y&D Drawing 190843. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  8. 39. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 4,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 4,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3865-46, Y&D Drawing 190839. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  9. 33. 'Firing Pier, Elevations, North & South,' submitted 29 December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    33. 'Firing Pier, Elevations, North & South,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3870-46, Y&D Drawing 190844. Scales as noted. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  10. 41. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 2,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    41. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 2,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3867-46, Y&D Drawing 190841. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  11. 32. 'Firing Pier, Elevation, West,' submitted 29 December 1941 by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. 'Firing Pier, Elevation, West,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3872-46, Y&D Drawing 190846. Scale 1/8' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  12. 40. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 1,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 1,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3866-46, Y&D Drawing 190840. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  13. 42. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 3,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. 'Firing Pier, Second Floor Plan, Section No. 3,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3868-46, Y&D Drawing 190842. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  14. 37. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 2,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    37. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 2,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3863-46, Y&D Drawing 190837. Scale 1/4' = 1. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  15. 34. 'Firing Pier, Longitudinal Sectional Elevation, Looking East,' submitted 29 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. 'Firing Pier, Longitudinal Sectional Elevation, Looking East,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3873-46, Y&D Drawing 190847. Scale 1/8' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  16. 38. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 3,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    38. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 3,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3864-46, Y&D Drawing 190838. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  17. 36. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 1,' submitted ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. 'Firing Pier, First Floor Plan, Section No. 1,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3862-46, Y&D Drawing 190836. Scale 1/4' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  18. 31. 'Firing Pier, Elevation, East,' submitted 29 December 1941 by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. 'Firing Pier, Elevation, East,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3871-46, Y&D Drawing 190845. Scale 1/8' = 1' - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  19. 35. 'Firing Pier, Cross Sections, Looking South,' submitted 29 December ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    35. 'Firing Pier, Cross Sections, Looking South,' submitted 29 December 1941 by John Brackett, Consulting Engineer, to Public Works Department, Bureau of Yards & Docks. PW Drawing 3874-46, Y&D Drawing 190848. Scale 1/8' = 1'. - Naval Torpedo Station, Firing Pier, North end of Gould Island in Narragansett Bay, Newport, Newport County, RI

  20. 24. Demolitin of Pier G reveals the center bays at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. Demolitin of Pier G reveals the center bays at the track well in transverse section. Note structural system of first, second, and third floors, as well as the monitor roof. - Lehigh Valley Railroad, Pier G, Jersey City, Hudson County, NJ

  1. STARTING EXCAVATION PIER 2. This view is roughly northeast, with ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    STARTING EXCAVATION PIER 2. This view is roughly northeast, with Pier 2 on the Trinity County end of the bridge. The old suspension bridge, at upper right, was upstream of new bridge - South Fork Trinity River Bridge, State Highway 299 spanning South Fork Trinity River, Salyer, Trinity County, CA

  2. 25. View is the side of pier #6 showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. View is the side of pier #6 - showing the junction of the last pony truss and the first through truss. Note the way the end posts are attached this pier extension. For a top view of this, see CA-22. - Weidemeyer Bridge, Spanning Thomes Creek at Rawson Road, Corning, Tehama County, CA

  3. 10. Historic view, Pier 11. Aerial view to east, 1943. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic view, Pier 11. Aerial view to east, 1943. Photographic copy of photo. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. - Charlestown Navy Yard, Pier 11, Charlestown Waterfront at confluence of Little Mystic Channel & Mystic River at northernmost ent of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  4. 21 CFR 1240.86 - Protection of pier water system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Protection of pier water system. 1240.86 Section 1240.86 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... interstate traffic shall make a connection between its nonpotable water system and any pier potable...

  5. 21 CFR 1240.86 - Protection of pier water system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Protection of pier water system. 1240.86 Section 1240.86 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... interstate traffic shall make a connection between its nonpotable water system and any pier potable...

  6. 21 CFR 1240.86 - Protection of pier water system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Protection of pier water system. 1240.86 Section 1240.86 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... interstate traffic shall make a connection between its nonpotable water system and any pier potable...

  7. 11. UNDERSIDE, VIEW PERPENDICULAR TO PIERS, SHOWING FLOOR SYSTEM OBLIQUELY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. UNDERSIDE, VIEW PERPENDICULAR TO PIERS, SHOWING FLOOR SYSTEM OBLIQUELY AND NORTH PIER. LOOKING NORTH. - Route 31 Bridge, New Jersey Route 31, crossing disused main line of Central Railroad of New Jersey (C.R.R.N.J.) (New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line), Hampton, Hunterdon County, NJ

  8. 7. View west. East pier and underside of Walpole span, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. View west. East pier and underside of Walpole span, showing deck beams, stringers, and wind bracing rods. Structure on pier is a stream level gauge station. - Walpole-Westminster Bridge, Spanning Connecticut River between Walpole, NH & Westminster, VT, Walpole, Cheshire County, NH

  9. 14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. PROJECT PLAN, INTAKE PIER, RAW WATER CONDUITS, PUMPING STATION FORCE MAINS, TREATED WATER PIPELINES, AND FILTRATION PLANT, SHEET 1 OF 117, 1920. - Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  10. 106. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    106. VIEW OF NORTHWEST SIDE OF PIER, LOOKING SOUTH FROM BEACH. PRE-1930-31 EXTENSION AND ADDITION OF BUILDINGS AND PUMPHOUSE ARE VISIBLE AT FAR RIGHT Photograph #1787-HB. Photographer unknown, c. 1930 - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  11. View of the yacht club from avila pier, facing west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of the yacht club from avila pier, facing west northwest. The main entry is to the right and the more recent deck addition is to the left. - San Luis Yacht Club, Avila Pier, South of Front Street, Avila Beach, San Luis Obispo County, CA

  12. Numerical simulations of highly buoyant flows in the Castel Giorgio - Torre Alfina deep geothermal reservoir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volpi, Giorgio; Crosta, Giovanni B.; Colucci, Francesca; Fischer, Thomas; Magri, Fabien

    2017-04-01

    Geothermal heat is a viable source of energy and its environmental impact in terms of CO2 emissions is significantly lower than conventional fossil fuels. However, nowadays its utilization is inconsistent with the enormous amount of energy available underneath the surface of the earth. This is mainly due to the uncertainties associated with it, as for example the lack of appropriate computational tools, necessary to perform effective analyses. The aim of the present study is to build an accurate 3D numerical model, to simulate the exploitation process of the deep geothermal reservoir of Castel Giorgio - Torre Alfina (central Italy), and to compare results and performances of parallel simulations performed with TOUGH2 (Pruess et al. 1999), FEFLOW (Diersch 2014) and the open source software OpenGeoSys (Kolditz et al. 2012). Detailed geological, structural and hydrogeological data, available for the selected area since early 70s, show that Castel Giorgio - Torre Alfina is a potential geothermal reservoir with high thermal characteristics (120 ° C - 150 ° C) and fluids such as pressurized water and gas, mainly CO2, hosted in a carbonate formation. Our two steps simulations firstly recreate the undisturbed natural state of the considered system and then perform the predictive analysis of the industrial exploitation process. The three adopted software showed a strong numerical simulations accuracy, which has been verified by comparing the simulated and measured temperature and pressure values of the geothermal wells in the area. The results of our simulations have demonstrated the sustainability of the investigated geothermal field for the development of a 5 MW pilot plant with total fluids reinjection in the same original formation. From the thermal point of view, a very efficient buoyant circulation inside the geothermal system has been observed, thus allowing the reservoir to support the hypothesis of a 50 years production time with a flow rate of 1050 t

  13. 4. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND TAINTER GATE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND TAINTER GATE NO. 7 AND NON-SUBMERSIBLE TAINTER GATES, LOOKING WEST (UPSTREAM) - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  14. 6. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND NONSUBMERSIBLE TAINTER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND NON-SUBMERSIBLE TAINTER GATE, SHOWING MAIN LOCK IN BACKGROUND, LOOKING NORTH (UPSTREAM) - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  15. 10. Detail of truss located on top the northeast pier, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Detail of truss located on top the northeast pier, looking southwest. - Bridge No. 4800, Spanning Minnesota River on Trunk Highway 4 between Brown & Nicollet Counties, Sleepy Eye, Brown County, MN

  16. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... facility handling LNG is in a region subject to earthquakes, the piers and wharves must be designed to resist earthquake forces. (b) Substructures, except moorings and breasting dolphins, that support or are...

  17. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... facility handling LNG is in a region subject to earthquakes, the piers and wharves must be designed to resist earthquake forces. (b) Substructures, except moorings and breasting dolphins, that support or are...

  18. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... facility handling LNG is in a region subject to earthquakes, the piers and wharves must be designed to resist earthquake forces. (b) Substructures, except moorings and breasting dolphins, that support or are...

  19. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... facility handling LNG is in a region subject to earthquakes, the piers and wharves must be designed to resist earthquake forces. (b) Substructures, except moorings and breasting dolphins, that support or are...

  20. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... facility handling LNG is in a region subject to earthquakes, the piers and wharves must be designed to resist earthquake forces. (b) Substructures, except moorings and breasting dolphins, that support or are...

  1. 8. Detail view of girders and Southernmost river pier, Southernmost ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Detail view of girders and Southernmost river pier, Southernmost deck-girder span, underside of deck, looking North - Elk River Bridge, Spanning Elk River at Main Street, Elk River, Sherburne County, MN

  2. Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sacramento River Water Treatment Plant Intake Pier & Access Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River approximately 175 feet west of eastern levee on river; roughly .5 mile downstream from confluence of Sacramento & American Rivers, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  3. 93. DAM ROLLER GATE PIER SECTION AND ELEVATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    93. DAM - ROLLER GATE PIER - SECTION AND ELEVATION (ML-8-40/3-FS) June 1935 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  4. 11. General view from east river bank at southeast pier, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. General view from east river bank at southeast pier, showing truss geometry under roadway, looking northwest - French King Bridge, Spanning Connecticut River on State Highway 2, Erving, Franklin County, MA

  5. 63. photographer unknown 21 November 1935 BAFFLES AND PIERS FOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    63. photographer unknown 21 November 1935 BAFFLES AND PIERS FOR SOUTH HALF OF MAIN DAM IN VARIOUS STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  6. 15. SOUTH SIDE OF DAM SHOWING BAFFLE PIERS AT FOOT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. SOUTH SIDE OF DAM SHOWING BAFFLE PIERS AT FOOT OF SPILLWAY TO LEFT AND PARTIAL VIEW OF BUTTRESSES AND SIDEWALKS TO RIGHT. - Pit 4 Diversion Dam, Pit River west of State Highway 89, Big Bend, Shasta County, CA

  7. 21. Southern approach span plan and elevation views for pier ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Southern approach span plan and elevation views for pier and abutment structural changes required after flood of December 1955 on Moody Bridge. - Moody Bridge, Spanning South Fork Eel River, Garberville, Humboldt County, CA

  8. 4. DETAIL EXTERIOR VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING PIERS AND MOVABLE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL EXTERIOR VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST, SHOWING PIERS AND MOVABLE STONEY GATES ON DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM/SPILLWAY. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  9. 91. photographer unknown undated TOP OF SPILLWAY DAM PIERS WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    91. photographer unknown undated TOP OF SPILLWAY DAM PIERS WITH ASSEMBLY OF DAM GATES UNDERWAY. WASHINGTON SHORE WING WALL IN BACKGROUND. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  10. 3. LOOKING SE AT EASTERN ABUTMENT PIER, SHOWING PIN CONNECTION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. LOOKING SE AT EASTERN ABUTMENT PIER, SHOWING PIN CONNECTION AND UNDERSIDE OF ARCH RIBS. - Passerelle in Lincoln Park, Spanning North Lake Shore Drive (U.S. Route 41) on axis of East Menomonee Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  11. 52. VIEW SHOWING RAILROAD CRANEMOUNTED PILE DRIVER WORKING ON PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    52. VIEW SHOWING RAILROAD CRANE-MOUNTED PILE DRIVER WORKING ON PIER 2 OF SHOOFLY BRIDGE, LOOKING NORTHWEST FROM M STREET BRIDGE, December 28, 1934 - Sacramento River Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at California State Highway 275, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  12. 33. Steampowered pile driver working on footings for Pier 3, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    33. Steam-powered pile driver working on footings for Pier 3, with south abutment visible at right; view to south. - Parks Bar Bridge, Spanning Yuba River at State Highway 20, Smartville, Yuba County, CA

  13. View sout from head of pier 4; USS Forrestal right, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View sout from head of pier 4; USS Forrestal right, 350-ton hammerhead crane left. - Naval Base Philadelphia-Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, 350-Ton Hammerhead Crane, League Island, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  14. 3. General oblique view of west facade showing brick piers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. General oblique view of west facade showing brick piers and industrial windows; view to southeast. - Champion-International Paper Company, Paper Machine Building, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

  15. 4. Detail of west facade showing brick piers and industrial ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Detail of west facade showing brick piers and industrial windows with metal sash and reinforced concrete lintels and sills. - Champion-International Paper Company, Paper Machine Building, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

  16. 13. Telephoto view looking east showing center pier and deck ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Telephoto view looking east showing center pier and deck superstructure. Jet Lowe, photographer, 1983 - Neshanic Station Lenticular Truss Bridge, State Route 567, spanning South Branch of Raritan River, Neshanic Station, Somerset County, NJ

  17. 31. General view of piers showin 1983 repair resulting in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. General view of piers showin 1983 repair resulting in different deck chord configurations. VIEW NORTHWEST - Chelsea Street Bridge & Draw Tender's House, Spanning Chelsea River, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  18. 30. View from pier of Stoney gates, looking west, of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. View from pier of Stoney gates, looking west, of concrete-lined canal, completed in 1989. Photo by Jet Lowe, HAER, 1989. - Puget Sound Power & Light Company, White River Hydroelectric Project, 600 North River Avenue, Dieringer, Pierce County, WA

  19. 13. View South, showing the remaining pier footings for the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. View South, showing the remaining pier footings for the steam engine water tower for the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. - Cotton Hill Station Bridge, Spanning New River at State Route 16, Cotton Hill, Fayette County, WV

  20. HUNT STABLE COMPLEX LOOKING WEST THROUGH WESTERNMOST SET OF PIERS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    HUNT STABLE COMPLEX LOOKING WEST THROUGH WESTERNMOST SET OF PIERS AND DOWN PINE ALLÉE - Overhills, Fort Bragg Military Reservation, Approximately 15 miles NW of Fayetteville, Overhills, Harnett County, NC

  1. 26. GENERAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING THE STRUCTURAL PIERS AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. GENERAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH SHOWING THE STRUCTURAL PIERS AND DRAFT CONE UNDER CONSTRUCTION. - Wilson Dam & Hydroelectric Plant, Spanning Tennessee River at Wilson Dam Road (Route 133), Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

  2. 13. VIEW OF PIER 2, SHOWING FIXED SHOES, THE SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. VIEW OF PIER 2, SHOWING FIXED SHOES, THE SOUTH GIRDER (PANELS 3 & 2), AND CANTILEVER BRACKETS & HANDRAIL, LOOKING NORTHWEST Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

  3. 12. VIEW OF SOUTH BRIDGE PIER, UNDERSTRUCTURE, END POSTS AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. VIEW OF SOUTH BRIDGE PIER, UNDER-STRUCTURE, END POSTS AND PORTAL STRUT; FACING SOUTHWEST. - Walker Bridge, Spanning Klamath River and connecting Highway 96 and Walker Road, Klamath River, Siskiyou County, CA

  4. 20. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE, SHOWING GATE ARMS, PIERS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE, SHOWING GATE ARMS, PIERS, TRUNNION PINS, AND GATE GAUGE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

  5. 4. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, PIERS, HEADHOUSES ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING EAST, DOWNSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

  6. TOOL CRIB FROM NORTHWEST, SHOWING ALUMINUM DOORS, STONE PIER, GYPSUM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    TOOL CRIB FROM NORTHWEST, SHOWING ALUMINUM DOORS, STONE PIER, GYPSUM BOARD-FACED PARTITION AND ORIGINAL TIMBER STRUCTURE - Fort Huachuca, Cavalry Stable, Clarkson Road, Sierra Vista, Cochise County, AZ

  7. Builder's plate at east end of pier. Pennsylvania & ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Builder's plate at east end of pier. - Pennsylvania & New Jersey Railroad, Delaware River Bridge, Spanning Delaware River, south of Betsy Ross Bridge (State Route 90), Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  8. 3. ELEVATION OF TYPICAL PIER OF VIADUCT, FROM SOUTH. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. ELEVATION OF TYPICAL PIER OF VIADUCT, FROM SOUTH. - Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Delaware River Viaduct, Spanning Delaware River, north of Portland-Columbia Bridge, Portland, Northampton County, PA

  9. 7. DETAIL CENTRAL PIER (SKEWBACK) WITH BREAKWATER, UPSTREAM (EAST) SIDE. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL CENTRAL PIER (SKEWBACK) WITH BREAKWATER, UPSTREAM (EAST) SIDE. NOTE FRACTURES ALONG BARREL ARCH EXTRADOS. - Roaring Creek Bridge, State Road 2005 spanning Roaring Creek in Locust Township, Slabtown, Columbia County, PA

  10. 9. Bronze slide expansion plate at Pier 3, on right, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Bronze slide expansion plate at Pier 3, on right, fixed end left. - Monongahela Connecting Railroad Company, Hot Metal Bridge, Spanning Monongahela River at mile post 3.1, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

  11. 7. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, GATE PIERS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL VIEW OF DAM, SHOWING ROLLER GATES, GATE PIERS, HEADHOUSES AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING NORTHWEST, UPSTREAM - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 9, Lynxville, Crawford County, WI

  12. Perspective view NW by 310. Note the concrete pier extending ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Perspective view NW by 310. Note the concrete pier extending from the bridge in the foreground. This way to allow maximum water flow during floods and rainy periods. - Weaverland Bridge, Quarry Road spanning Conestoga Creek, Terre Hill, Lancaster County, PA

  13. 20. Detail, Pier 3, with large stone riprap showing depth ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Detail, Pier 3, with large stone riprap showing depth of scour which has taken place since bridge was completed; view to northwest. - Parks Bar Bridge, Spanning Yuba River at State Highway 20, Smartville, Yuba County, CA

  14. 9. VIEW OF BASEMENT, NORTH SECTION, SHOWING TYPICAL PIER, FOOTINGS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF BASEMENT, NORTH SECTION, SHOWING TYPICAL PIER, FOOTINGS, AND STRUCTURAL MEMBERS FOR FIRST FLOOR ABOVE, LOOKING WEST - Massachusetts Mills, Cloth Room-Section 15, 95 Bridge Street, Lowell, Middlesex County, MA

  15. 42. Exterior view of dockage and barracks on piers used ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. Exterior view of dockage and barracks on piers used during construction of minesweepers. Now used for storage. Sunken barge crane in foreground. - Barbour Boat Works, Tryon Palace Drive, New Bern, Craven County, NC

  16. 6. VIEW EAST OF CEMENT PIER AND TRAFFIC DECK SUPPORT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW EAST OF CEMENT PIER AND TRAFFIC DECK SUPPORT SYSTEM; NOTE FLOOR BEAMS AND STRINGERS VIEWED FROM UNDERNEATH THE BRIDGE - Water Street Bridge, County Route 119/26, over Guyandotte River, Logan, Logan County, WV

  17. 34. DETAILS OF CAISSON FOR PIERS 2, 3, 4 AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. DETAILS OF CAISSON FOR PIERS 2, 3, 4 AND 5 TO BE BUILT ON SOIL OVERBURDEN - East Bloomsburg Bridge, Spanning Susquehanna River at Pennsylvania Route 487 (Legislative Route 283), Bloomsburg, Columbia County, PA

  18. 2. EAST ABUTMENT RIVER PIER LOOKING AT BASCULE TRUSS LIVE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. EAST ABUTMENT RIVER PIER LOOKING AT BASCULE TRUSS LIVE LOAD SUPPORT COLUMN. - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, Monroe Street, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River at Monroe Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  19. 1. NORTHWEST CORNER ENTRANCE OF BUILDING, WITH VIADUCT PIER FOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. NORTHWEST CORNER ENTRANCE OF BUILDING, WITH VIADUCT PIER FOR JULIEN DUBUQUE BRIDGE IN FOREGROUND. VIEW TO EAST. - Commercial & Industrial Buildings, International Harvester Company Showroom, Office & Warehouse, 10 South Main Street, Dubuque, Dubuque County, IA

  20. 16. DETAIL OF FLOOR BEAMS & VERTICAL PIER MEMBERS WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL OF FLOOR BEAMS & VERTICAL PIER MEMBERS WITH CROSS HATCH PATTERN INDICATING PREVIOUS USAGE OF MATERIALS, VIEW NORTH - Cottrell Road Bridge, Spanning CSX Transportation tracks, Vassar, Tuscola County, MI

  1. Elevation of pier building and main house looking south. Building ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Elevation of pier building and main house looking south. Building at far right was fish smokehouse. Roof of building at right was used for drying fish. - Beacon Marine Basin, 211 East Main Street, Gloucester, Essex County, MA

  2. 27. A VIEW TOWARD THE FISHING PIER AT THE EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. A VIEW TOWARD THE FISHING PIER AT THE EAST END OF THE NORTH TRAINING WALL, SHOWING SIDE WALL CONSTRUCTION. - Oakland Harbor Training Walls, Mouth of Federal Channel to Inner Harbor, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  3. 18. DETAILVERTICAL STEEL PIERS ON THE WEST SIDE THAT SUPPORT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. DETAIL--VERTICAL STEEL PIERS ON THE WEST SIDE THAT SUPPORT THE 25 TON TRAVELLING CRANE. - Navy Yard, Ordnance Building, Intersection of Paulding & Kennon Streets, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  4. PLANT AND PIER #2 EXCAVATION. View is to the northeast, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    PLANT AND PIER #2 EXCAVATION. View is to the northeast, looking from Humboldt County side of river toward Trinity County side - South Fork Trinity River Bridge, State Highway 299 spanning South Fork Trinity River, Salyer, Trinity County, CA

  5. Visitor center flight room, detail of twin structural piers at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Visitor center flight room, detail of twin structural piers at northeast corner supporting flight room dome - Wright Brothers National Memorial Visitor Center, Highway 158, Kill Devil Hills, Dare County, NC

  6. 26. DETAIL OF SOUTH CANTILEVER FIXED BEARING AT PIER No. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. DETAIL OF SOUTH CANTILEVER FIXED BEARING AT PIER No. 5 AND CONNECTION L-16, LOOKING NORTHEAST - Jackson's Ferry Bridge, Route 52 over New River, 6.3 miles south of Route 94, Austinville, Wythe County, VA

  7. Detaill, center pier and superstructure connection, from southwest, including rigidlyfixed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detaill, center pier and superstructure connection, from southwest, including rigidly-fixed connection of south span arch ribs, floor beams, and deck with star-pattern slab balustrade - Horner Street Bridge, Horner Street over Stonycreek River, Johnstown, Cambria County, PA

  8. 16. PIER CAP DETAIL, SHOWING EXPANSION AND FIXED BEARING SHOES, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. PIER CAP DETAIL, SHOWING EXPANSION AND FIXED BEARING SHOES, BOTTOM CHORD / END POST CONNECTION AND CANTILEVERED SIDEWALK. VIEW TO WEST. - Holbrook Bridge, Spanning Little Colorado River at AZ 77, Holbrook, Navajo County, AZ

  9. 20. Third approach span, comparing pier types and showing guardrail ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Third approach span, comparing pier types and showing guardrail and connection to arch spring point, looking east - U.S. Route 1 Nottoway River Bridge, U.S. Route 1 spanning Nottoway River, McKenney, Dinwiddie County, VA

  10. 28. DETAILHORIZONTAL METAL SUPPORTS CONNECTING THE VERTICAL PIER OF THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. DETAIL--HORIZONTAL METAL SUPPORTS CONNECTING THE VERTICAL PIER OF THE TRAVELLING CRANE SUPPORT TO THE WALL. - Navy Yard, Ordnance Building, Intersection of Paulding & Kennon Streets, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  11. BLDG 2, FRONT ELEVATION (PIER SIDE). Naval Magazine Lualualei, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BLDG 2, FRONT ELEVATION (PIER SIDE). - Naval Magazine Lualualei, West Loch Branch, Explosive & Small Train Depot, Main wharf area between wharves W2 & W3, north of First Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  12. BLDG 2, FRONT ELEVATION (PIER SIDE) WITH POLE. Naval ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BLDG 2, FRONT ELEVATION (PIER SIDE) WITH POLE. - Naval Magazine Lualualei, West Loch Branch, Explosive & Small Train Depot, Main wharf area between wharves W2 & W3, north of First Street, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  13. 2. VIEW NORTHWEST, DETAIL OF PIERS SET INTO UPPER APRON ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VIEW NORTHWEST, DETAIL OF PIERS SET INTO UPPER APRON TO SUPPORT ACCESS ROAD BRIDGE - Norwich Water Power Company, Canal Spillway, West bank of Shetucket River between Thirteenth & Fourteenth Streets, Greenville section, Norwich, New London County, CT

  14. 2. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING PIER OF EARLIER SWING BRIDGE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, SHOWING PIER OF EARLIER SWING BRIDGE - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Niantic Bridge, Spanning Niantic River between East Lyme & Waterford, Old Lyme, New London County, CT

  15. 6. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING COUNTERWEIGHT AND PIERS New ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING COUNTERWEIGHT AND PIERS - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Niantic Bridge, Spanning Niantic River between East Lyme & Waterford, Old Lyme, New London County, CT

  16. 8. Hospital Point, pier and boat house (now Visiting Officer's ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Hospital Point, pier and boat house (now Visiting Officer's Quarters), view to east - Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Bounded by Elizabeth River, Crawford Street, Portsmouth General Hospital, Parkview Avenue, & Scotts Creek, Portsmouth, Portsmouth, VA

  17. 78. VIEW SHOWING PLACEMENT OF LIFE SPAN SHOE ON PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    78. VIEW SHOWING PLACEMENT OF LIFE SPAN SHOE ON PIER 6, LOOKING NORTH, March 5, 1935 - Sacramento River Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at California State Highway 275, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  18. Detail of top of Pier M (American side), showing main ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of top of Pier M (American side), showing main span bearing shoes. View to northwest. - Blue Water Bridge, Spanning St. Clair River at I-69, I-94, & Canadian Route 402, Port Huron, St. Clair County, MI

  19. 10. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING BRIDGE SEAT AND PIER, LOOKING SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING BRIDGE SEAT AND PIER, LOOKING SOUTH - Springfield-Des Arc Bridge, Spanning North Branch of Cadron Creek at Old Springfield-Des Arc Road (County Road 222), Springfield, Conway County, AR

  20. 13. VIEW TO WEST. DETAIL, WEST PIER, WEST APPROACH SPAN, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. VIEW TO WEST. DETAIL, WEST PIER, WEST APPROACH SPAN, LOCKING GEAR AT WEST END OF SWING SPAN. (photographed from boat) - Gianella Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at State Highway 32, Hamilton City, Glenn County, CA

  1. 38. DETAIL SHEET, PIER AND ABUTMENT PLANS AND ELEVTIONS WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    38. DETAIL SHEET, PIER AND ABUTMENT PLANS AND ELEVTIONS WITH SECTIONS SHOWING PILING PLACEMENT John B. Leonard, dated April 1908 - Gianella Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at State Highway 32, Hamilton City, Glenn County, CA

  2. 10. VIEW TO NORTH. DETAIL, CENTER PIER AND CENTRAL PORTION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. VIEW TO NORTH. DETAIL, CENTER PIER AND CENTRAL PORTION OF SWING SPAN, INCLUDING CONTROL CABIN. (Photographed from boat) - Gianella Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at State Highway 32, Hamilton City, Glenn County, CA

  3. Detail of track girder, south portal and granite piers at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of track girder, south portal and granite piers at low tide. View Northwest - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Fort Point Channel Rolling Lift Bridge, Spanning Fort Point Channel, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  4. Interior view looking up the access stair to the pier ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior view looking up the access stair to the pier level entry door, view facing north - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Dry Dock No. 2, Pumpwell, East of Dry Dock No. 3, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  5. 5. GENERAL PLAN OF STRUCTURAL AND REINFORCING STEEL, PIERS AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. GENERAL PLAN OF STRUCTURAL AND REINFORCING STEEL, PIERS AND DETAILS FOR SWIMMING POOL Drawing 103-21 - Glen Echo Park, Crystal Swimming Pool, 7300 McArthur Boulevard, Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD

  6. 18. Detail view of central pivot pier, drive gear rack, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Detail view of central pivot pier, drive gear rack, and stabilizing wheel, looking southwest - India Point Railroad Bridge, Spanning Seekonk River between Providence & East Providence, Providence, Providence County, RI

  7. 23. UPSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2 AND THROUGH AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. UPSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2 AND THROUGH AND DECK TRUSS END PANELS. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  8. 24. DOWNSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2 AND THROUGH AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. DOWNSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2 AND THROUGH AND DECK TRUSS END PANELS. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  9. 25. DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2, SHOWING THROUGH AND DECK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. DETAIL OF PIER NO. 2, SHOWING THROUGH AND DECK TRUSS BEARING SHOES. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  10. 22. DOWNSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 3, TRUSS TOWER AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. DOWNSTREAM DETAIL OF PIER NO. 3, TRUSS TOWER AND CANTILEVER ARMS. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  11. 18. WEST DECK TRUSS APPROACH SPAN AND PIERS NO. 1 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. WEST DECK TRUSS APPROACH SPAN AND PIERS NO. 1 AND 2, FROM WEST RIVERBANK. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  12. 19. WEST ANCHOR SPAN OF THROUGH TRUSS AND PIERS NO. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. WEST ANCHOR SPAN OF THROUGH TRUSS AND PIERS NO. 2 AND 3, FROM WEST RIVERBANK. VIEW TO NORTH. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  13. 12. DETAIL OF THROUGH TRUSS SPANS AND PIERS NO. 3, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. DETAIL OF THROUGH TRUSS SPANS AND PIERS NO. 3, 4 AND 5, FROM WEST RIVERBANK. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - MacArthur Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River on Highway 34 between IA & IL, Burlington, Des Moines County, IA

  14. 16. PIER BEARING, UPPER AND LOWER CHORD, FIRST VERTICAL MEMBER, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. PIER BEARING, UPPER AND LOWER CHORD, FIRST VERTICAL MEMBER, PANEL NO. 1 DIAGONAL AND LATERAL BRACE - BOWSTRING TRUSS - Parker Bridge, Spanning Verdigris River 1.5 miles Southeast of Coffeyville, Coffeyville, Montgomery County, KS

  15. 8. PIER, LOWER CHORD, LATERAL BRACE, LATERAL GUSSET PLATE, FLOOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. PIER, LOWER CHORD, LATERAL BRACE, LATERAL GUSSET PLATE, FLOOR BEAM AND STRINGER - CAMELBACK TRUSS - Parker Bridge, Spanning Verdigris River 1.5 miles Southeast of Coffeyville, Coffeyville, Montgomery County, KS

  16. 16. Pony trusses pier between the 64 foot truss ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Pony trusses - pier between the 64 foot truss and the first 80 foot truss. View of the lower chord pin connection at the juncture of the two pony trusses as they sit on the replacement pier added, circa 1966. Shows the floor beam, chord eye bars. There are 10 of these similar connections for the six pony trusses. A 1 1/2 conduit is also shown. - Weidemeyer Bridge, Spanning Thomes Creek at Rawson Road, Corning, Tehama County, CA

  17. Application of Bridge Pier Scour Equations for Large Woody Vegetation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    Abstract Existing bridge pier scour prediction equations exclude the influence of tree roots and the cross slope of levee embankments. Developed...for specific conditions, these equations do not include modeling of scour at trees near or on levee embankments. Therefore, existing bridge pier...scour models must be carefully evaluated and possibly modified before being applied to tree scour. The research conducted by the U.S. Army Engineer

  18. Reliability and Validity Evidence of the Chinese Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale Scores among Taiwanese Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flahive, Mon-hsin Wang; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Li, Chien-Mo

    2011-01-01

    The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale-Second Edition (Piers-Harris 2) was designed to measure self-concept among children and adolescents. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the scores of the Chinese version of the Piers-Harris 2 (Chinese Piers-Harris). The Chinese Piers-Harris 2 was administered to 243 Taiwanese…

  19. Reliability and Validity Evidence of the Chinese Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale Scores among Taiwanese Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flahive, Mon-hsin Wang; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Li, Chien-Mo

    2011-01-01

    The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale-Second Edition (Piers-Harris 2) was designed to measure self-concept among children and adolescents. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the scores of the Chinese version of the Piers-Harris 2 (Chinese Piers-Harris). The Chinese Piers-Harris 2 was administered to 243 Taiwanese…

  20. Sediment transport in the area of the Sopot pier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Przyborska, Anna; Jakacki, Jaromir; Andrzejewski, Jan

    2017-04-01

    Coastal sediment transport is a natural process that appears when energy of waves is sufficient for moving solid particles from the bottom. Sediment transport rate depends on the median diameter of local sand and it is compatible with the direction of wave propagation. Also it is natural, that any protruded from the beach construction disturbs continuity of beach transport caused by waves. The Sopot pier has been built over 100 years ago and it is the longest wooden pier on the Baltic Sea coast, it is about half kilometre long. The pier is located at the end of the Monte Casino street and it is one of the biggest attractions of the city as well as in the country. In the past and now we have observed the disturbed sediment transport in the area of the Sopot pier. But during recent years, this process has gained greater momentum. The beach at the Sopot pier has been growing by several meters. All indicates that the cause of the observed phenomenon is the marina. The marina structure which is in some distance from the shore, has been acting as a powerful, emerged breakwater boundary. As a tool the sediment transport model was implemented for Sopot pier area. The implemented numerical forecasting sediment transport model in the area of the Sopot pier reflects well the deposit growth rate for the archived data from 2010 to 2015. On the basis of differences in bathymetry data provided by the Maritime office and the analysis the model results the average deposits in accumulation in the pear area was determined to be about 16,000 m3 / year for the assumed area of analysis, the model have shown similar result. The analysis suggests that strong winds generating significant waves as well as meaningful sediment transport dominate in the autumn and winter. You cannot, however, rule out strong waves in summer. Under moderate waves the sediment transport is insignificant. The most intense movement of the sediment is observed in the vicinity of the shoreline, it disappears with

  1. 15. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EASTNORTHEAST, 3RD TEE, SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. OFFSHORE VIEW OF PIER, LOOKING EAST-NORTHEAST, 3RD TEE, SHOWING RESTROOMS IN FOREGROUND WITH PUMPHOUSE AND TACKLE BOX BEHIND - Huntington Beach Municipal Pier, Pacific Coast Highway at Main Street, Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA

  2. 9. PIER NO. 4, REVISED GENERAL LAYOUT OF PILING AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. PIER NO. 4, REVISED GENERAL LAYOUT OF PILING AND FRAMING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. John Hudspeth, Architect, at foot of Main Street, Alameda, Calif. Sheet no. S3 of 5 sheets, Plan no. 10,037. Various scales. August 26, 1942, last revised 4/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction September 17, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Pier 4, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  3. 24 CFR 3285.306 - Design procedures for concrete block piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... shown in Figure A to this section. (3) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells... block piers. 3285.306 Section 3285.306 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and....306 Design procedures for concrete block piers. (a) Frame piers less than 36 inches high. (1) Frame...

  4. 24 CFR 3285.306 - Design procedures for concrete block piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... shown in Figure A to this section. (3) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells... block piers. 3285.306 Section 3285.306 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and....306 Design procedures for concrete block piers. (a) Frame piers less than 36 inches high. (1) Frame...

  5. 24 CFR 3285.306 - Design procedures for concrete block piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... shown in Figure A to this section. (3) The concrete blocks must be stacked with their hollow cells... block piers. 3285.306 Section 3285.306 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and....306 Design procedures for concrete block piers. (a) Frame piers less than 36 inches high. (1) Frame...

  6. 75 FR 8563 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... Pier 66, Elliot Bay, WA to ensure adequate safety of the boating public during multiple naval and... Pier 66, Elliot Bay, WA to ensure adequate safety for the public during multiple naval and aerial... these events have historically resulted in vessel congestion near Pier 66, Elliot Bay, WA...

  7. 78 FR 24677 - Safety Zone; XA The Experimental Agency Fireworks, Pier 34, East River, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ... Pier 34, Manhattan, NY. This temporary safety zone is necessary to protect spectators and vessels from... navigable waters of the East River, in the vicinity of Pier 34, Manhattan, NY. All persons and vessels shall... position 40 42'28.5'' N, 073 59'9.9'' W, approximately 182 yards south east of Pier 34, Manhattan, NY. (b...

  8. 24 CFR 3285.306 - Design procedures for concrete block piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Design procedures for concrete....306 Design procedures for concrete block piers. (a) Frame piers less than 36 inches high. (1) Frame piers less than 36 inches high are permitted to be constructed of single, open, or closed-cell...

  9. 24 CFR 3285.306 - Design procedures for concrete block piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Design procedures for concrete....306 Design procedures for concrete block piers. (a) Frame piers less than 36 inches high. (1) Frame piers less than 36 inches high are permitted to be constructed of single, open, or closed-cell...

  10. 76 FR 1521 - Security Zone: Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier, San Diego, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone: Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier, San... Fleet Industrial Supply Center Pier. The pier is no longer owned by the U.S. Navy and the existing... of the San Diego Bay, San Diego, CA. The existing security zone is around the former Fleet Industrial...

  11. 78 FR 27035 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY... Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during specified periods ] from May 25, 2013, through... Coast Guard will enforce the Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL listed in 33...

  12. 75 FR 34365 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY... Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor for annual fireworks events during nine separate... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Coast Guard will enforce Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast...

  13. 76 FR 52268 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-22

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL... enforce the Navy Pier East Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from August 12, 2011 through August 14, 2011 and... zone; 33 CFR 165.933-Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL for the following events: (1) Chicago...

  14. 78 FR 42692 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY... Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during specified periods from July 3, 2013, through...: The Coast Guard will enforce the Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL listed...

  15. 48 CFR 52.247-40 - Ex Dock, Pier, or Warehouse, Port of Importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Warehouse, Port of Importation. 52.247-40 Section 52.247-40 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.247-40 Ex Dock, Pier, or Warehouse, Port of Importation. As prescribed in 47.303-12..., pier, or warehouse, port of importation: Ex Dock, Pier, or Warehouse, Port of Importation (APR 1984)...

  16. 77 FR 50919 - Safety Zone: Wedding Reception Fireworks at Pier 24, San Francisco, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone: Wedding Reception Fireworks at Pier 24, San... Francisco, CA in support of the Wedding Reception Fireworks at Pier 24 on August 24, 2012. This safety zone... sponsor the Wedding Reception Fireworks at Pier 24 on August 24, 2012, in the navigable waters of the San...

  17. Bartleby the Example and Eros the Idea of the Work: Some Considerations on Giorgio Agamben's "The Idea of Study"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanhoutte, Kristof K. P.

    2014-01-01

    The present article investigates the rhythm of study as described by Giorgio Agamben in "The idea of study", present in Idea of prose. In this short treatise, Agamben presents Melville's scrivener Bartleby as the exemplary embodiment of study. Bartleby's paradigmatic status, according to Agamben's interpretation, does,…

  18. Bartleby the Example and Eros the Idea of the Work: Some Considerations on Giorgio Agamben's "The Idea of Study"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanhoutte, Kristof K. P.

    2014-01-01

    The present article investigates the rhythm of study as described by Giorgio Agamben in "The idea of study", present in Idea of prose. In this short treatise, Agamben presents Melville's scrivener Bartleby as the exemplary embodiment of study. Bartleby's paradigmatic status, according to Agamben's interpretation, does,…

  19. Evaluation of pier-scour equations for coarse-bed streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Chase, Katherine J.; Holnbeck, Stephen R.

    2004-01-01

    Streambed scour at bridge piers is among the leading causes of bridge failure in the United States. Several pier-scour equations have been developed to calculate potential scour depths at existing and proposed bridges. Because many pier-scour equations are based on data from laboratory flumes and from cohesionless silt- and sand-bottomed streams, they tend to overestimate scour for piers in coarse-bed materials. Several equations have been developed to incorporate the mitigating effects of large particle sizes on pier scour, but further investigations are needed to evaluate how accurately pier-scour depths calculated by these equations match measured field data. This report, prepared in cooperation with the Montana Department of Transportation, describes the evaluation of five pier-scour equations for coarse-bed streams. Pier-scour and associated bridge-geometry, bed-material, and streamflow-measurement data at bridges over coarse-bed streams in Montana, Alaska, Maryland, Ohio, and Virginia were selected from the Bridge Scour Data Management System. Pier scour calculated using the Simplified Chinese equation, the Froehlich equation, the Froehlich design equation, the HEC-18/Jones equation and the HEC-18/Mueller equation for flood events with approximate recurrence intervals of less than 2 to 100 years were compared to 42 pier-scour measurements. Comparison of results showed that pier-scour depths calculated with the HEC-18/Mueller equation were seldom smaller than measured pier-scour depths. In addition, pier-scour depths calculated using the HEC-18/Mueller equation were closer to measured scour than for the other equations that did not underestimate pier scour. However, more data are needed from coarse-bed streams and from less frequent flood events to further evaluate pier-scour equations.

  20. 7. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND NONSUBMERSIBLE TAINTER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL VIEW OF TAINTER GATE PIER AND NON-SUBMERSIBLE TAINTER GATES DURING ERECTION, SHOWING LEFT GATE IN OPEN POSITION AND RIGHT GATE IN CLOSED POSITION, LOOKING NORTH (UPSTREAM). NOTE TEMPORARY SERVICE BRIDGE. - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  1. 13. DETAIL VIEW, OF TAINTER GATE PIER, SHOWING RECESSES FOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. DETAIL VIEW, OF TAINTER GATE PIER, SHOWING RECESSES FOR EMERGENCY BULKHEADS AND DOGGING DEVICES, LOOKING SOUTHEAST (DOWN FACE). UPSTREAM FACE OF TAINTER GATE IS VISIBLE IN UPPER RIGHT CORNER - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  2. 6. VIEW OF THE EASTERN BRIDGE ELEVATION, SHOWING CENTRAL PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW OF THE EASTERN BRIDGE ELEVATION, SHOWING CENTRAL PIER AND ASSOCIATED SUPERSTRUCTURE, AND CANTILEVERED NORTHERN TRUSS SECTION. NOTE THE JOIN BETWEEN EYE-BAR (LEFT) AND RIVETED CHANNEL (RIGHT) LOWER BRIDGE CHORDS AT CENTER LEFT OF PHOTOGRAPH. FACING NORTH. - Coverts Crossing Bridge, Spanning Mahoning River along Township Route 372 (Covert Road), New Castle, Lawrence County, PA

  3. View northeast, wharf A, portion AA, details showing earlier piers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View northeast, wharf A, portion AA, details showing earlier piers and braces sloping toward water, reused charred plates for existing decking - U.S. Coast Guard Sandy Hook Station, Western Docking Structure, West of intersection of Canfield Road & Hartshorne Drive, Highlands, Monmouth County, NJ

  4. 18 CFR 1304.204 - Docks, piers, and boathouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... structures due to extreme water level fluctuations. Roofs over docks or piers to provide shade are allowed on... enclosed with siding. (k) Access walkways constructed over water and internal walkways inside of boathouses... not contain living space or sleeping areas. Floor space shall not be considered enclosed if three...

  5. 18 CFR 1304.204 - Docks, piers, and boathouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... structures due to extreme water level fluctuations. Roofs over docks or piers to provide shade are allowed on... enclosed with siding. (k) Access walkways constructed over water and internal walkways inside of boathouses... not contain living space or sleeping areas. Floor space shall not be considered enclosed if three...

  6. 18 CFR 1304.204 - Docks, piers, and boathouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... structures due to extreme water level fluctuations. Roofs over docks or piers to provide shade are allowed on... enclosed with siding. (k) Access walkways constructed over water and internal walkways inside of boathouses... not contain living space or sleeping areas. Floor space shall not be considered enclosed if three...

  7. 18 CFR 1304.204 - Docks, piers, and boathouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... structures due to extreme water level fluctuations. Roofs over docks or piers to provide shade are allowed on... enclosed with siding. (k) Access walkways constructed over water and internal walkways inside of boathouses... not contain living space or sleeping areas. Floor space shall not be considered enclosed if three...

  8. 18 CFR 1304.204 - Docks, piers, and boathouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... structures due to extreme water level fluctuations. Roofs over docks or piers to provide shade are allowed on... enclosed with siding. (k) Access walkways constructed over water and internal walkways inside of boathouses... not contain living space or sleeping areas. Floor space shall not be considered enclosed if three...

  9. Locomotive Crane placing concrete on trestle at coal dock (Pier ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Locomotive Crane placing concrete on trestle at coal dock (Pier 01) - looking southeast. Taken Jan 4, 1924. 14th Naval District Photo Collection Item No. 4872-B - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Exterior Cranes, Waterfront Crane Track System, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  10. 6. View of lower dam masonry pier which houses the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. View of lower dam masonry pier which houses the sluice. Photograph taken from cut stone apron edging in Millstone Creek. VIEW WEST. - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

  11. 5. Rear view of lower dam showing crest, masonry pier ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Rear view of lower dam showing crest, masonry pier and sluice gate. Photograph taken from east bank of the sandy beach. VIEW SOUTH - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

  12. Detail of typical subdeck of granite pier showing humanscale arched ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of typical subdeck of granite pier showing human-scale arched openings in pies. Note remnants of fender system. View north - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Fort Point Channel Rolling Lift Bridge, Spanning Fort Point Channel, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  13. 107. View showing open caisson Pier 4 with anchor bolts ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    107. View showing open caisson Pier 4 with anchor bolts placed ready for last pour of concrete. Also pile driver driving falsework piles for south anchor arm. Located at end of the old ferry landing slip at Crockett side of straits. - Carquinez Bridge, Spanning Carquinez Strait at Interstate 80, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  14. 24 CFR 3285.310 - Pier location and spacing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and dead loads, the type of construction (single-or multi-section), I-beam size, soil bearing capacity... section, unless the pier support and footing configuration is designed by a registered professional....312, as applicable, unless alternative designs are provided by a professional engineer or registered...

  15. 24 CFR 3285.307 - Perimeter support piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Perimeter support piers. 3285.307 Section 3285.307 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.307...

  16. 24 CFR 3285.307 - Perimeter support piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Perimeter support piers. 3285.307 Section 3285.307 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.307...

  17. 24 CFR 3285.307 - Perimeter support piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Perimeter support piers. 3285.307 Section 3285.307 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.307...

  18. 24 CFR 3285.307 - Perimeter support piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Perimeter support piers. 3285.307 Section 3285.307 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.307...

  19. 24 CFR 3285.307 - Perimeter support piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Perimeter support piers. 3285.307 Section 3285.307 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MODEL MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATION STANDARDS Foundations § 3285.307...

  20. INTERIOR OF STANDARDIZING MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY, LOOKING NORTH. NOTE THE PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR OF STANDARDIZING MAGNETIC OBSERVATORY, LOOKING NORTH. NOTE THE PIER (CENTER) ON WHICH WAS WAS MOUNTED MAGNETIC MEASURING INSTRUMENTS FOR TESTING. - Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Standardizing Magnetic Observatory, 5241 Broad Branch Drive Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  1. 10. A PHOTOGRAPH OF THE FIRST PIER ON THE EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. A PHOTOGRAPH OF THE FIRST PIER ON THE EAST END OF THE BRIDGE (NORTH ELEVATION). IT SUPPORTS A SOLID, SEMI-CIRCULAR ARCH. CONSIDERABLE SOIL HAS WASHED IN UNDER THE BRIDGE FROM THE BANKS OF THE RAVINE. - Main Street Bridge, Spanning East Fork Whitewater River, Richmond, Wayne County, IN

  2. 16. Detail showing roller nest between granite pier cap and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Detail showing roller nest between granite pier cap and moveable end of truss at east end of main spans. View to southeast. - Selby Avenue Bridge, Spanning Short Line Railways track at Selby Avenue between Hamline & Snelling Avenues, Saint Paul, Ramsey County, MN

  3. GARAGE EXTERIOR EAST SIDE AND REAR SHOWING PIER SUPPORTS UNDER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GARAGE EXTERIOR EAST SIDE AND REAR SHOWING PIER SUPPORTS UNDER SHED-ROOFED REAR STORAGE COMPARTMENT, ASBESTOS SIDING OVER ORIGINAL WOOD SIDING, AND SINGLE CASEMENT WINDOW OVER REAR STORAGE COMPARTMENT. VIEW TO NORTHWEST - Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Big Creek Town, Operator House Garage, Orchard Avenue south of Huntington Lake Road, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA

  4. 30. 'Details Of Caisson For Piers For Three Hinged Arch ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. 'Details Of Caisson For Piers For Three Hinged Arch Bridge Over Yuba River, Thomas System, Thomas And Post, Engineers, Hibernian Bldg., Los Angeles, Revised Oct. 22, 1912.' - Parks Bar Bridge, Spanning Yuba River at State Highway 20, Smartville, Yuba County, CA

  5. PIER: An Inclusive Model for At-Risk Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint-Laurent, Lise

    This study compared the inclusive PIER program (French acronym for program intervention with at risk students), which was implemented in 13 third grade classes in Quebec (Canada) and compared with 13 third grade classes using a traditional resource room pull-out program over the course of a full school year. A total of 165 at-risk and 441 non…

  6. Detail of south granite pier revealing riveted truss ends and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of south granite pier revealing riveted truss ends and iron footing plates on top of granite cap stones. View north - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Fort Point Channel Rolling Lift Bridge, Spanning Fort Point Channel, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  7. Centrifuge modeling of rocking-isolated inelastic RC bridge piers

    PubMed Central

    Loli, Marianna; Knappett, Jonathan A; Brown, Michael J; Anastasopoulos, Ioannis; Gazetas, George

    2014-01-01

    Experimental proof is provided of an unconventional seismic design concept, which is based on deliberately underdesigning shallow foundations to promote intense rocking oscillations and thereby to dramatically improve the seismic resilience of structures. Termed rocking isolation, this new seismic design philosophy is investigated through a series of dynamic centrifuge experiments on properly scaled models of a modern reinforced concrete (RC) bridge pier. The experimental method reproduces the nonlinear and inelastic response of both the soil-footing interface and the structure. To this end, a novel scale model RC (1:50 scale) that simulates reasonably well the elastic response and the failure of prototype RC elements is utilized, along with realistic representation of the soil behavior in a geotechnical centrifuge. A variety of seismic ground motions are considered as excitations. They result in consistent demonstrably beneficial performance of the rocking-isolated pier in comparison with the one designed conventionally. Seismic demand is reduced in terms of both inertial load and deck drift. Furthermore, foundation uplifting has a self-centering potential, whereas soil yielding is shown to provide a particularly effective energy dissipation mechanism, exhibiting significant resistance to cumulative damage. Thanks to such mechanisms, the rocking pier survived, with no signs of structural distress, a deleterious sequence of seismic motions that caused collapse of the conventionally designed pier. © 2014 The Authors Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:26300573

  8. Centrifuge modeling of rocking-isolated inelastic RC bridge piers.

    PubMed

    Loli, Marianna; Knappett, Jonathan A; Brown, Michael J; Anastasopoulos, Ioannis; Gazetas, George

    2014-12-01

    Experimental proof is provided of an unconventional seismic design concept, which is based on deliberately underdesigning shallow foundations to promote intense rocking oscillations and thereby to dramatically improve the seismic resilience of structures. Termed rocking isolation, this new seismic design philosophy is investigated through a series of dynamic centrifuge experiments on properly scaled models of a modern reinforced concrete (RC) bridge pier. The experimental method reproduces the nonlinear and inelastic response of both the soil-footing interface and the structure. To this end, a novel scale model RC (1:50 scale) that simulates reasonably well the elastic response and the failure of prototype RC elements is utilized, along with realistic representation of the soil behavior in a geotechnical centrifuge. A variety of seismic ground motions are considered as excitations. They result in consistent demonstrably beneficial performance of the rocking-isolated pier in comparison with the one designed conventionally. Seismic demand is reduced in terms of both inertial load and deck drift. Furthermore, foundation uplifting has a self-centering potential, whereas soil yielding is shown to provide a particularly effective energy dissipation mechanism, exhibiting significant resistance to cumulative damage. Thanks to such mechanisms, the rocking pier survived, with no signs of structural distress, a deleterious sequence of seismic motions that caused collapse of the conventionally designed pier.

  9. UNIDENTIFIED CATENARY SUSPENSION BRIDGE, SHOWING RIVETED METAL PIERS UNDER CONSTRUCTION. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    UNIDENTIFIED CATENARY SUSPENSION BRIDGE, SHOWING RIVETED METAL PIERS UNDER CONSTRUCTION. NOTE APPROACH SPANS OF PIPE CONSTRUCTION IN RIGHT BACKGROUND. 3/4 VIEW FROM BELOW. - Clear Fork of Brazos River Suspension Bridge, Spanning Clear Fork of Brazos River at County Route 179, Albany, Shackelford County, TX

  10. 12. DETAIL OF NORTH ABUTMENT (EAST SIDE) AND PIER. LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. DETAIL OF NORTH ABUTMENT (EAST SIDE) AND PIER. LOOKING NORTH. - Route 31 Bridge, New Jersey Route 31, crossing disused main line of Central Railroad of New Jersey (C.R.R.N.J.) (New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line), Hampton, Hunterdon County, NJ

  11. 13. DETAIL OF SOUTH PIER TOP (WEST SIDE) AND CANTILEVERED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. DETAIL OF SOUTH PIER TOP (WEST SIDE) AND CANTILEVERED SIDEWALK. LOOKING NORTH. - Route 31 Bridge, New Jersey Route 31, crossing disused main line of Central Railroad of New Jersey (C.R.R.N.J.) (New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line), Hampton, Hunterdon County, NJ

  12. PBF Cooling Tower. Camera facing southwest. Round piers will support ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    PBF Cooling Tower. Camera facing southwest. Round piers will support Tower's wood "fill" or "packing." Black-topped stack in far distance is at Idaho Chemical Processing Plant. Photographer: John Capek. Date: October 16, 1968. INEEL negative no. 68-4097 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, SPERT-I & Power Burst Facility Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  13. 11. DETAIL OF FOUNDATION PIER AND POST; NOTE THAT ROCK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. DETAIL OF FOUNDATION PIER AND POST; NOTE THAT ROCK BASE IS A PREHISTORIC OR ETHNOGRAPHIC GROUND STONE MILLING SLAB - Camp Richardson Resort, Cord Cabin, U.S. Highway 89, 3 miles west of State Highway 50 & 89, South Lake Tahoe, El Dorado County, CA

  14. 23. DETAIL OF PIPELINE PIERS, LOOKING EAST. FOREGROUND IS SLOPED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. DETAIL OF PIPELINE PIERS, LOOKING EAST. FOREGROUND IS SLOPED TYPE, NEXT ONE IS PERPENDICULAR TYPE A COMPRESSION COUPLING, USED TO REPAIR A BROKEN PIPE SECTION, CAN BE SEEN AT BOTTOM. - Kalaupapa Water Supply System, Waikolu Valley to Kalaupapa Settlement, Island of Molokai, Kalaupapa, Kalawao County, HI

  15. 13. View of Truss tower and pivot pier locking east. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. View of Truss tower and pivot pier locking east. When the draw is open, the two arms of the truss act as cantilevers supported by the truss tower. A counterweight in the shorter of the bridge keeps the span in proper balance. - Center Street Swing Bridge, Southwest of Public Square, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

  16. 77. VIEW SHOWING CONDITION OF OLD M STREET BRIDGE PIER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    77. VIEW SHOWING CONDITION OF OLD M STREET BRIDGE PIER 1 DOLPHIN, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, March 1, 1935. (Steamer Delta King is moored at River Lines Terminal.) - Sacramento River Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at California State Highway 275, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  17. The upper bound of Pier Scour defined by selected laboratory and field data

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Benedict, Stephen; Caldwell, Andral

    2015-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation, conducted several field investigations of pier scour in South Carolina (Benedict and Caldwell, 2006; Benedict and Caldwell, 2009) and used that data to develop envelope curves defining the upper bound of pier scour. To expand upon this previous work, an additional cooperative investigation was initiated to combine the South Carolina data with pier-scour data from other sources and evaluate the upper bound of pier scour with this larger data set. To facilitate this analysis, a literature review was made to identify potential sources of published pier-scour data, and selected data were compiled into a digital spreadsheet consisting of approximately 570 laboratory and 1,880 field measurements. These data encompass a wide range of laboratory and field conditions and represent field data from 24 states within the United States and six other countries. This extensive database was used to define the upper bound of pier-scour depth with respect to pier width encompassing the laboratory and field data. Pier width is a primary variable that influences pier-scour depth (Laursen and Toch, 1956; Melville and Coleman, 2000; Mueller and Wagner, 2005, Ettema et al. 2011, Arneson et al. 2012) and therefore, was used as the primary explanatory variable in developing the upper-bound envelope curve. The envelope curve provides a simple but useful tool for assessing the potential maximum pier-scour depth for pier widths of about 30 feet or less.

  18. New holostean fishes (Actinopterygii: Neopterygii) from the Middle Triassic of the Monte San Giorgio (Canton Ticino, Switzerland)

    PubMed Central

    Bürgin, Toni; Furrer, Heinz; Stockar, Rudolf

    2016-01-01

    The new neopterygian genus Ticinolepis, including two new species T. longaeva and T. crassidens is described from Middle Triassic carbonate platform deposits of the Monte San Giorgio. The anatomy of this fish shows a mosaic of halecomorph and ginglymodian characters and, thus, the new taxon probably represents a basal holostean. During the latest Anisian to earliest Ladinian the two new species coexisted in the intraplatform basin represented by the uppermost Besano Formation, but only T. longaeva sp. nov. inhabited the more restricted basin represented by the Ladinian Meride Limestone (except for the Kalkschieferzone). The more widely distributed type species shows interesting patterns of intraspecific variation including ontogenetic changes and morphological variation over time. The second species presents anatomical features that strongly indicate a strictly durophagous diet. The different distribution of the species is interpreted as a result of habitat partitioning and different adaptability to palaeoenvironmental changes. PMID:27547543

  19. Fish populations associated with habitat-modified piers and natural woody debris in Piedmont Carolina reservoirs

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Barwick, R.D.; Kwak, T.J.; Noble, R.L.; Barwick, D.H.

    2004-01-01

    A primary concern associated with reservoir shoreline residential development is reduction of littoral habitat complexity and diversity. One potential approach to compensate for this is the deployment of artificial-habitat modules under existing piers, but the benefit of this practice has not been demonstrated. To evaluate the effect of pier habitat modifications on fish populations in two Piedmont Carolina reservoirs, we studied 77 piers located on forty-seven, 100-m transects that were modified using plastic "fish hab" modules augmented with brush (brushed habs), hab modules alone (habs), or left unaltered for reference purposes. We sampled fish from all piers and transects during April, July, and October 2001 using a boat-mounted electrofisher. With few exceptions, catch rates were higher at brushed-hab piers and piers with habs than at reference piers during all seasons. Similarly, during spring and summer, fish abundance was generally higher on transects containing natural woody debris, brushed habs, and habs than on reference-developed transects; however, during fall, there were exceptions. Therefore, fish abundance associated with shorelines in these reservoirs appears to be related to the structural complexity of available habitat rather than structure composition. One year after installation, 92% of pier owners responding to a mail survey expressed satisfaction with pier modifications. Supplementing piers with habitat structures is recommended to enhance littoral habitat complexity for fishes in residentially developed reservoirs.

  20. Trends in live-bed pier scour at selected bridges in South Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Caldwell, Andral W.; Benedict, Stephen T.; Burns, Susan E.; Bhatia, Shobha K.; Avila, Catherine M.C; Hunt, Beatric E.

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation, used ground-penetrating radar to collect measurements of live-bed pier scour at 78 bridges in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain physiographic provinces of South Carolina. The 141 measurements of live-bed pier-scour depth ranged from 0.5 to 5.1 meters. Using hydraulic data estimated with a one-dimensional flow model, predicted live-bed scour depths were computed with scour equations from the Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 and compared with measured scour. This comparison indicated that predicted pier-scour depths generally exceeded the measured pier-scour depths. At times, predicted pier-scour depths were excessive with overpredictions as large as 7.0 meters. Relations in the live-bed pier-scour data also were investigated, leading to the development of an envelope curve for assessing the upper-bound of live-bed pier scour using pier width as the primary explanatory variable. The envelope curve developed with the field data has limitations, but it can be used as a supplementary tool for assessing the potential for live-bed pier scour in South Carolina. This paper will present findings related to the field investigation of live-bed pier scour. A companion paper presents findings related to live-bed contraction scour that was studied during the same field investigation.

  1. UNIDENTIFIED CATENARY SUSPENSION BRIDGE ON RIVETED METAL PIERS, SHOWING HOWE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    UNIDENTIFIED CATENARY SUSPENSION BRIDGE ON RIVETED METAL PIERS, SHOWING HOWE PIPE TRUSS RAILING AND TRUSSED DECK BEAMS TYPICAL TO BRIDGES BUILT BY FLINN-MOYER COMPANY. TRIPODAL PIPE TOWERS RESEMBLE CLEAR FORK OF THE BRAZOS SUSPENSION BRIDGE’S TOWERS PRIOR TO ENCASEMENT IN CONCRETE. NOTE COLLAPSED TRUSS IN RIVER. ELEVATION VIEW. - Clear Fork of Brazos River Suspension Bridge, Spanning Clear Fork of Brazos River at County Route 179, Albany, Shackelford County, TX

  2. Detail of middle panel at pivot pier and above the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detail of middle panel at pivot pier and above the two (2) center supports. The middle panel chords (not shown) were made strong enough to provide for the full bending moment with the span open and arms swinging. The middle posts support the operator's house. When closed, the bridge acts as two (2) separate simple spans, except a small amount of negative bending is accommodated due to a continuous condition. - Bridgeport Swing Span Bridge, Spanning Tennessee River, Bridgeport, Jackson County, AL

  3. Evaluation of pier-scour measurement methods and pier-scour predictions with observed scour measurements at selected bridge sites in New Hampshire, 1995-98

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Boehmler, Erick M.; Olimpio, Joseph R.

    2000-01-01

    In a previous study, 44 of 48 bridge sites examined in New Hampshire were categorized as scour critical. In this study, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) evaluated pier-scour measurement methods and predictions at many of these sites. This evaluation included measurement of pier-scour depths at 20 bridge sites using Ground- Penetrating Radar (GPR) surveys. Pier scour was also measured during floods by teams at 5 of these 20 sites. At 4 of the 20 sites, fixed instruments were installed to monitor scour. At only one bridge site investigated by a team was any pier scour measurable during a flood event. A scour depth of 0.7 foot (0.21 m) was measured at a pier in the channel at the State Route 18 bridge over the Connecticut River in Littleton. Measurements made using GPR and (or) fixed instruments indicated pier scour for six sites. The GPR surveys indicated scour along the side of a pier and further upstream from the nose of a pier that was not detected by flood-team measurements at two sites. Most pier-scour equations selected for this examination were reviewed and published in previous scour investigations. Graphical comparison of residual pier-scour depths indicate that the Shen equation yielded pier-scour depth predictions closest to those measured, without underestimating. Measured depths of scour, however, were zero feet for 14 of the 20 sites. For the Blench-Inglis II equation and the Simplified Chinese equation, most differences between measured and predicted scour depths were within 5 feet. These two equations underpredicted scour for one of six sites with measurable scour. The underprediction, however, was within the resolution of the depth measurements. The Simplified Chinese equation is less sensitive than other equations to velocity and depth input variables, and is one of the few empirical equations to integrate the influence of flow competence, or a measure of the maximum streambed particle size that a stream is capable of transporting, in the

  4. 78 FR 59240 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL... enforce the Navy Pier East Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from 9:15 p.m. until 9:55 p.m. on September 26... Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL listed in 33 CFR 165.933 for a fireworks display from...

  5. The Cathedral of St. Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla (Italy): a case study of the use of protective products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barone, Germana; Campani, Elisa; Casoli, Antonella; La Russa, Mauro Francesco; Lo Giudice, Antonino; Mazzoleni, Paolo; Pezzino, Antonino

    2008-06-01

    The Cathedral of St. Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla like the majority of historic buildings in the Ragusa area is constructed mainly from locally outcropping calcarenite belonging to the Ragusa Formation. Through the years, the cathedral has undergone diverse restoration procedures using different protective products , the nature of which was determined by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC MS). Regardless of these interventions, the materials used today are still subject to diverse forms of alterations and degradation (alveolitation, differential degradation, decohesions, chromatic alterations and the formation of biological patinas correlated to lichen activity), which cause considerable damage to the façade. In this paper, three protective products were tested on the calcarenite of the Ragusa Formation taken from a quarry: a fluorurated elastomer , a fluorurated anionic polyurethane and linseed oil. The protective efficiency was determined, after undergoing UV radiation aging by means of capillary water absorption, porosimetric and colorimetric procedures. The results highlighted a good and persistent protective capability of both the elastomer and the fluorurated polyurethane, whereas, the linseed oil not only provoked strong chromatic variations but also quickly lost its hydro-repellant capacity with aging.

  6. The Cathedral of S. Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla (Italy): characterization of construction materials and their chromatic alteration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barone, Germana; La Russa, Mauro Francesco; Lo Giudice, Antonino; Mazzoleni, Paolo; Pezzino, Antonino

    2008-08-01

    The Cathedral of St. Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla (Sicily) is one of the most important Baroque monuments of eastern Sicily. The restoration of the monument underway has put forward notable questions regarding the stone materials used and their state of degradation. The façade appears to be made mainly of a creamy white calcarenite, and of mortars and plasters. However, detailed analysis has highlighted a more complex use of the raw material. The mortar and plaster have a different composition in regards to their architectural use while the natural stone material is distinguished not only by a creamy-white calcarenite but also by a dark coloured bituminous calcarenite (pitch rock), which now appears whiter because of superficial chromatic alterations. This process was reproduced in the laboratory using an accelerated aging technique on samples of bituminous calcarenite, which allowed the cause of the alternation to be identified as photo-oxidation of the asphaltenes. Following this process of photo-oxidation, other forms of chromatic alterations affected the façade (brown orange-coloured patinas). FTIR, Scanning Electron Microscope and thin section microscopic observation allowed the characterization of also the products of this process to be carried out, highlighting the complex mechanism which the processes underwent.

  7. 78 FR 70024 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Modernization and Repair of Piers 2 and 3, Military...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... hazardous materials, hazardous waste, toxic substances, and contaminated sites. Based on the analysis... same structural system as Alternative 1 and fully implement repairs to Piers 2 and 3; however, the Pier...

  8. Piers Harris and Coopersmith Measure of Self-Esteem: A Comparative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Mervin D.; Foley-Peres, Kathleen D.; Sullivan, Stefanie S.

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to see if the items from the Piers Harris Self Concept Scale and the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory had construct and predictive validity. Items used in this study were 50 items from the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and 80 items from the Piers Harris Self-Concept Scale. Construct measures were obtained using…

  9. 75 FR 53195 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a security zone at U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Base Support Unit (BSU) Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA...

  10. 75 FR 23212 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes a security zone at U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Base Support Unit Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle...

  11. Piers Harris and Coopersmith Measure of Self-Esteem: A Comparative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Mervin D.; Foley-Peres, Kathleen D.; Sullivan, Stefanie S.

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to see if the items from the Piers Harris Self Concept Scale and the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory had construct and predictive validity. Items used in this study were 50 items from the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and 80 items from the Piers Harris Self-Concept Scale. Construct measures were obtained using…

  12. 33 CFR 165.1121 - Security Zone: Fleet Supply Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA. 165.1121 Section 165.1121 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... Guard District § 165.1121 Security Zone: Fleet Supply Center Industrial Pier, San Diego, CA. (a... feet from the north, west, and south sides of the Fleet Industrial Supply Center enclosed by lines...

  13. 77 FR 50018 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during various periods from...

  14. 77 FR 25361 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during various periods from...

  15. 75 FR 21993 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-27

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during multiple periods...

  16. 75 FR 73959 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from December 4, 2010 through...

  17. 75 FR 58304 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in ] Chicago Harbor from September 18, 2010...

  18. 78 FR 61185 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL... of Publication Accordingly, the notice of enforcement of regulation entitled Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL published in the Federal Register of September 26, 2013, in FR Doc...

  19. 77 FR 25595 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL... enforce the Navy Pier East Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor at various times from May 20, 2012 through July... a specified area immediately prior to, during, and immediately after Chicago Match Race events...

  20. 77 FR 18688 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during various periods from May...

  1. 78 FR 29680 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes to amend the Safety Zone for Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL. This Zone is...

  2. 33 CFR 165.931 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL. 165.931 Section 165.931 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 165.931 Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL. (a) Location. The following...

  3. 78 FR 42865 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor; Navy Pier Southeast; Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor; Navy Pier Southeast; Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. ] SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is amending the safety zone for Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL. This safety zone is intended to...

  4. 77 FR 50017 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during various periods from...

  5. 76 FR 56640 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-14

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the regulations found in 33 CFR 165.931 for Navy Pier Fireworks in Chicago, Illinois...

  6. 76 FR 22035 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during various periods from May...

  7. 77 FR 65820 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor at various times on November 24...

  8. 76 FR 69131 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from December 3, 2011 through...

  9. 76 FR 48718 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from September 3, 2011 through...

  10. 33 CFR 165.933 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL. 165.933 Section 165.933 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.933 Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL. (a) Location. The following area is...

  11. 76 FR 34854 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from July 2, 2011 through July...

  12. 76 FR 11337 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor on the evening of March 12...

  13. 76 FR 41690 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from August 3, 2011 through...

  14. 78 FR 59239 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during specified periods from...

  15. 75 FR 44140 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during August 4, 2010 through...

  16. 75 FR 49848 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier Southeast, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of enforcement of regulation. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard will enforce the Navy Pier Southeast Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor during two periods from 9:15 p...

  17. 48 CFR 47.303-12 - Ex dock, pier, or warehouse, port of importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... warehouse, port of importation. 47.303-12 Section 47.303-12 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL..., pier, or warehouse, port of importation. (a) Explanation of delivery term. Ex dock, pier, or warehouse... in the warehouse at the specified port of importation. (b) Contractor responsibilities....

  18. 354. Caltrans, Photographer July 26, 1934 "PIER E9"; VIEW OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    354. Caltrans, Photographer July 26, 1934 "PIER E-9"; VIEW OF BOTTOM OF COFFERDAM AT PIER E-9 AFTER PILE DRIVING IS COMPLETE. 4-833 - San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge, Spanning San Francisco Bay, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  19. 77 FR 35862 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66 Elliott Bay... Guard will enforce the Fleet Week Maritime Festival's Pier 66 Safety Zone in Elliott Bay, WA from 8...

  20. Experimental investigation on flow and scour characteristics around tandem piers in sandy channel with downward seepage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavan, Rutuja; Kumar, Bimlesh

    2017-09-01

    Experimental investigations have been carried out to study morpho-hydraulic characteristics such as scour geometry and turbulent flow properties around tandem piers in alluvial channels. Experiments were carried out in a plane sand bed with two circular piers of same diameter arranged in tandem manner under no seepage, 10% seepage and 20% seepage conditions. Downward seepage minimizes the scour depth around piers and restrains the development of scour depth with time. Strong reversal flow is found near the bed at upstream of piers and near free surface at downstream of piers where velocity and Reynolds shear stress are found to be negative which reduce in magnitude with downward seepage. The flow is more critical within the gap between two piers where velocity is lesser near free surface and gradually increasing towards bed. Quadrant analysis shows that contribution of each event to the total Reynolds shear stress increases with downward seepage. Sedimentation effect prevails within the scour hole whereas outside the scour hole erosive forces become more dominant. Reduced reversal flow at upstream of pier because of downward seepage results in decreasing higher order moments and turbulent kinetic energy. At downstream of piers, secondary currents are dominant due to wake vortices. Strouhal number decreases in case of seepage runs than no seepage condition.

  1. Evaluation of the Construction of the Subscales for the Piers-Harris and Tennessee Inventories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Julia Anne

    A sample of 234 fifth- and 259 sixth-grade students scaled the items of the Piers-Harris, Tennessee, Coopersmith, and Lipsett self-concept measures. The scaling of the Piers-Harris and the Tennessee inventories was examined in reference to their subscales. The present technique placed items on a bivariate plane of two orthogonal dimensions…

  2. 33 CFR 165.1324 - Safety and Security Zone; Cruise Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. 165.1324 Section 165.1324 Navigation and..., Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. (a) Safety and security zones. (1) The following area is a... during the arrival or departure of Large Passenger Cruise Vessels at Pier 91, Seattle, Washington. (2...

  3. 33 CFR 165.1324 - Safety and Security Zone; Cruise Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. 165.1324 Section 165.1324 Navigation and..., Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. (a) Safety and security zones. (1) The following area is a... during the arrival or departure of Large Passenger Cruise Vessels at Pier 91, Seattle, Washington. (2...

  4. 33 CFR 165.1324 - Safety and Security Zone; Cruise Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. 165.1324 Section 165.1324 Navigation and..., Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. (a) Safety and security zones. (1) The following area is a... during the arrival or departure of Large Passenger Cruise Vessels at Pier 91, Seattle, Washington. (2...

  5. 33 CFR 165.1324 - Safety and Security Zone; Cruise Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Ship Protection, Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. 165.1324 Section 165.1324 Navigation and..., Elliott Bay and Pier-91, Seattle, Washington. (a) Safety and security zones. (1) The following area is a... during the arrival or departure of Large Passenger Cruise Vessels at Pier 91, Seattle, Washington. (2...

  6. Propagule pressure determines recruitment from a commercial shipping pier.

    PubMed

    Hedge, Luke H; Johnston, Emma L

    2012-01-01

    Artificial structures associated with shipping and boating activities provide habitats for a diverse suite of non-indigenous marine species. Little is known about the proportion of invader success in nearby waters that is attributable to these structures. Areas close to piles, wharves and piers are likely to be exposed to increasing levels of propagule pressure, enhancing the recruitment of non-indigenous species. Recruitment of non-indigenous and native marine biofouling taxa were evaluated at different distances from a large commercial shipping pier. Since artificial structures also represent a desirable habitat for fish, how predation on marine invertebrates influences the establishment of non-indigenous and native species was also evaluated. The colonisation of several non-indigenous marine species declined rapidly with distance from the structure. Little evidence was found to suggest that predators have much influence on the colonisation success of marine sessile invertebrate species, non-indigenous or otherwise. It is suggested that propagule pressure, not predation, more strongly predicts establishment success in these biofouling assemblages.

  7. Seismic damage analysis of the outlet piers of arch dams using the finite element sub-model method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Liangfeng; Wu, Mingxin; Wang, Jinting; Xu, Yanjie

    2016-09-01

    This study aims to analyze seismic damage of reinforced outlet piers of arch dams by the nonlinear finite element (FE) sub-model method. First, the dam-foundation system is modeled and analyzed, in which the effects of infinite foundation, contraction joints, and nonlinear concrete are taken into account. The detailed structures of the outlet pier are then simulated with a refined FE model in the sub-model analysis. In this way the damage mechanism of the plain (unreinforced) outlet pier is analyzed, and the effects of two reinforcement measures (i.e., post-tensioned anchor cables and reinforcing bar) on the dynamic damage to the outlet pier are investigated comprehensively. Results show that the plain pier is damaged severely by strong earthquakes while implementation of post-tensioned anchor cables strengthens the pier effectively. In addition, radiation damping strongly alleviates seismic damage to the piers.

  8. 83. R.W. Oliver 8 April 1936 UPSTREAM SIDE OF PIERS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    83. R.W. Oliver 8 April 1936 UPSTREAM SIDE OF PIERS, SOUTH HALF OF MAIN DAM. PLACEMENT OF SECOND STEP COFFERDAM UNDERWAY. - Bonneville Project, Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  9. "U.S. Reclamation Service Grand River Dam details of piers 'D' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    "U.S. Reclamation Service Grand River Dam details of piers 'D' & 'F,' Oct. 25, 1914." - Grand Valley Diversion Dam, Half a mile north of intersection of I-70 & Colorado State Route 65, Cameo, Mesa County, CO

  10. 75 FR 81467 - Safety Zone; Potential Unexploded Ordnance, Pier 91, Seattle, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ..., Seattle, WA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is... read as follows: Sec. 165.T13-171 Safety Zone; Potential Unexploded Ordinance, Pier 91, Seattle, WA (a...

  11. 77 FR 51475 - Safety Zone; Apache Pier Labor Day Fireworks; Myrtle Beach, SC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... life and property on the navigable waters of the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Myrtle Beach, SC... establishing a temporary safety zone on the waters of the Atlantic Ocean in the vicinity of Apache Pier...

  12. 26. ViEW SHOWING EXCAVATION FOR THE BASE OF PIER #1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. ViEW SHOWING EXCAVATION FOR THE BASE OF PIER #1, LOOKING NORTH THE SUPPORT FOR THE PREVIOUS BRIDGE. October 26, 1948 - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

  13. 24. FROM 30th STREET COACH YARDS, PIERS ALLOW TRACK TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. FROM 30th STREET COACH YARDS, PIERS ALLOW TRACK TO PASS UNDER. - Pennsylvania Railroad, West Philadelphia Elevated, Parallel to Schuylkill River, north of Arsenal Bridge, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  14. 9. DETAIL VIEW OF HEADHOUSE/PIER, SHOWING ROLLER GATE, ROLLER TRACK, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. DETAIL VIEW OF HEADHOUSE/PIER, SHOWING ROLLER GATE, ROLLER TRACK, CHAIN AND GATE HEATER, LOOKING EAST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 8, On Mississippi River near Houston County, MN, Genoa, Vernon County, WI

  15. 8. DETAIL VIEW OF HEADHOUSE/PIER, SHOWING ROLLER GATE, ROLLER TRACK, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. DETAIL VIEW OF HEADHOUSE/PIER, SHOWING ROLLER GATE, ROLLER TRACK, CHAIN, GATE HEATER AND DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING WEST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 4, Alma, Buffalo County, WI

  16. 33 CFR 165.933 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... a safety zone: The waters of Lake Michigan within Chicago Harbor between the east end of Navy Pier... back to the point of origin. (b) Definitions. The following definitions apply to this section: (1...

  17. 76 FR 18869 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL... enforce the Navy Pier East Safety Zone in Chicago Harbor from 9:20 p.m. through 9:40 p.m. on May 7, 2011... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Coast Guard will enforce the safety zone; 33 CFR 165.933-Chicago Harbor, Navy...

  18. 33 CFR 165.933 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Pier East, Chicago, IL. 165.933 Section 165.933 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.933 Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL. (a) Location. The following area is... and the Chicago Harbor breakwater beginning at 41°53′37″ N, 087°35′26″ W; then south to 41°53′24″ N...

  19. 33 CFR 165.933 - Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Pier East, Chicago, IL. 165.933 Section 165.933 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.933 Safety Zone, Chicago Harbor, Navy Pier East, Chicago, IL. (a) Location. The following area is... and the Chicago Harbor breakwater beginning at 41°53′37″ N, 087°35′26″ W; then south to 41°53′24″ N...

  20. Rapid repair of severely earthquake-damaged bridge piers with flexural-shear failure mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Zhiguo; Wang, Dongsheng; Du, Xiuli; Si, Bingjun

    2011-12-01

    An experimental study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of a proposed rapid repair technique for severely earthquake-damaged bridge piers with flexural-shear failure mode. Six circular pier specimens were first tested to severe damage in flexural-shear mode and repaired using early-strength concrete with high-fluidity and carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP). After about four days, the repaired specimens were tested to failure again. The seismic behavior of the repaired specimens was evaluated and compared to the original specimens. Test results indicate that the proposed repair technique is highly effective. Both shear strength and lateral displacement of the repaired piers increased when compared to the original specimens, and the failure mechanism of the piers shifted from flexural-shear failure to ductile flexural failure. Finally, a simple design model based on the Seible formulation for post-earthquake repair design was compared to the experimental results. It is concluded that the design equation for bridge pier strengthening before an earthquake could be applicable to seismic repairs after an earthquake if the shear strength contribution of the spiral bars in the repaired piers is disregarded and 1.5 times more FRP sheets is provided.

  1. Investigation of pier scour in coarse-bed streams in Montana, 2001 through 2007

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Holnbeck, Stephen R.

    2011-01-01

    A primary goal of ongoing field research of bridge scour is improvement of scour-prediction equations so that pier-scour depth is predicted accurately-an important element of hydraulic analysis and design of highway bridges that cross streams, rivers, and other waterways. Scour depth for piers in streambeds with a mixture of sand, gravel, cobbles, and boulders (coarse-bed streams, which are common in Montana) generally is less than the scour depth in finer-grained (sandy) streambeds under similar conditions. That difference is attributed to an armor layer of coarser material. Pier-scour data from the U.S. Geological Survey were used in this study to develop a bed-material correction factor, which was incorporated into the Federal Highway Administration's recommended equation for computing pier scour. This report describes results of a study of pier scour in coarse-bed streams at 59 bridge sites during 2001-2007 in the mountain and foothill regions of western Montana. Respective drainage areas ranged from about 3 square miles (mi2) to almost 20,000 mi2. Data collected and analyzed for this study included 103 pier-scour measurements; the report further describes data collection, shows expansion of the national coarse pier-scour database, discusses use of the new data in evaluation of relative accuracy of various predictive equations, and demonstrates how differences in size and gradation between surface bed material and shallow-subsurface bed material might relate to pier scour. Nearly all measurements were made under clear-water conditions with no incoming sediment supply to the bridge opening. Half of the measurements showed approach velocities that equaled or surpassed the critical velocity for incipient motion of bed material, possibly indicating that measurements were made very near the threshold between clear-water and live-bed scour, where maximum scour was shown in laboratory studies. Data collected in this study were compared to selected pier-scour data from

  2. Local-based damage detection of cyclically loaded bridge piers using wireless sensing units

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hou, Tsung-Chin; Lynch, Jerome P.; Parra-Montesinos, Gustavo

    2005-05-01

    Concrete bridge piers are a common structural element employed in the design of bridges and elevated roadways. In order to ensure adequate behavior under earthquake-induced displacements, extensive reinforcement detailing in the form of closely spaced ties or spirals is necessary, leading to congestion problems and difficulties during concrete casting. Further, costly repairs are often necessary in bridge piers after a major earthquake which in some cases involve the total or partial shutdown of the bridge. In order to increase the damage tolerance while relaxing the transverse reinforcement requirements of bridge piers, the use of high-performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites (HPFRCC) in earthquake-resistant bridge piers is explored. HPFRCCs are a relatively new class of cementitious material for civil structures with tensile strain-hardening behavior and high damage tolerance. To monitor the behavior of this new class of material in the field, low-cost wireless monitoring technologies will be adopted to provide HPFRCC structural elements the capability to accurately monitor their performance and health. In particular, the computational core of a wireless sensing unit can be harnessed to screen HPFRCC components for damage in real-time. A seismic damage index initially proposed for flexure dominated reinforced concrete elements is modified to serve as an algorithmic tool for the rapid assessment of damage (due to flexure and shear) in HPFRCC bridge piers subjected to large shear reversals. Traditional and non-traditional sensor strategies of an HPFRCC bridge pier are proposed to optimize the correlation between the proposed damage index model and the damage observed in a circular pier test specimen. Damage index models are shown to be a sufficiently accurate rough measure of the degree of local-area damage that can then be wirelessly communicated to bridge officials.

  3. Experimental research and finite element analysis of bridge piers failed in flexure-shear modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Zhiguo; Si, Bingjun; Wang, Dongsheng; Guo, Xun

    2008-12-01

    In recent earthquakes, a large number of reinforced concrete (RC) bridges were severely damaged due to mixed flexure-shear failure modes of the bridge piers. An integrated experimental and finite element (FE) analysis study is described in this paper to study the seismic performance of the bridge piers that failed in flexure-shear modes. In the first part, a nonlinear cyclic loading test on six RC bridge piers with circular cross sections is carried out experimentally. The damage states, ductility and energy dissipation parameters, stiffness degradation and shear strength of the piers are studied and compared with each other. The experimental results suggest that all the piers exhibit stable flexural response at displacement ductilities up to four before exhibiting brittle shear failure. The ultimate performance of the piers is dominated by shear capacity due to significant shear cracking, and in some cases, rupturing of spiral bars. In the second part, modeling approaches describing the hysteretic behavior of the piers are investigated by using ANSYS software. A set of models with different parameters is selected and evaluated through comparison with experimental results. The influences of the shear retention coefficients between concrete cracks, the Bauschinger effect in longitudinal reinforcement, the bond-slip relationship between the longitudinal reinforcement and the concrete and the concrete failure surface on the simulated hysteretic curves are discussed. Then, a modified analysis model is presented and its accuracy is verified by comparing the simulated results with experimental ones. This research uses models available in commercial FE codes and is intended for researchers and engineers interested in using ANSYS software to predict the hysteretic behavior of reinforced concrete structures.

  4. Seismic Behavior and Force-Displacement Characterization of Neotype Column-Slab High Piers

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, YanQun; Zhang, YeZhi; Ye, MeiXin; Zhan, MengSi

    2014-01-01

    The seismic behavior and plasticity spreading of a neotype column-slab high pier are researched in this paper. Four scale model tests of a web slab with two boundary columns are carried out under cyclic inelastic lateral displacements simulating seismic response. The test results show that the neotype column-slab high pier has strong and stable bearing capacity, good ductility, and energy dissipation capacity. The experimental values pertaining to the spread of plasticity are derived. An approach for deriving the spread of plasticity analytically is deduced and applied to the four tests. This method accurately assesses a pier's spread of plasticity for most ductility levels. At nearly all ductility levels, the mean difference between analytical assessments of the spread of plasticity and results from 4 large-scale tests is 12% with a 9% coefficient of variation. PMID:24883420

  5. Non-Rigid Connector for Managing Pier Abutment in FPD: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kodgi, Ashwin

    2014-01-01

    A frequent clinical situation, either in the maxillary or mandibular arch, is of a missing first premolar and first molar, resulting in fixed partial denture design in which the canine and the second molar act as terminal abutments and second premolar act as a pier abutment. It has been postulated that the tendency of terminal abutments to intrude during function results in a teetering movements, where the pier abutment act as a fulcrum. These movements will eventually result in debonding of the less retentive terminal retainer. In order to overcome this potential risk, utilization of non rigid connectors has been advised. This clinical case report describes incorporation of non rigid connector to rehabilitate pier abutment case. PMID:25177650

  6. Seismic behavior and force-displacement characterization of neotype column-slab high piers.

    PubMed

    Zhou, YanQun; Zhang, YeZhi; Ye, MeiXin; Zhan, MengSi

    2014-01-01

    The seismic behavior and plasticity spreading of a neotype column-slab high pier are researched in this paper. Four scale model tests of a web slab with two boundary columns are carried out under cyclic inelastic lateral displacements simulating seismic response. The test results show that the neotype column-slab high pier has strong and stable bearing capacity, good ductility, and energy dissipation capacity. The experimental values pertaining to the spread of plasticity are derived. An approach for deriving the spread of plasticity analytically is deduced and applied to the four tests. This method accurately assesses a pier's spread of plasticity for most ductility levels. At nearly all ductility levels, the mean difference between analytical assessments of the spread of plasticity and results from 4 large-scale tests is 12% with a 9% coefficient of variation.

  7. Local sediment scour model tests for the Woodrow Wilson Bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sheppard, D.M.; Jones, J.S.; Odeh, M.; Glasser, T.

    2004-01-01

    The Woodrow Wilson Bridge on I-495 over the Potomac River in Prince Georges County, Maryland is being replaced. Physical local scour model studies for the proposed piers for the new bridge were performed in order to help establish design scour depths. Tests were conducted in two different flumes, one in the USGS-BRD Conte Research Center in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and one in the FHWA Turner Fairbanks Laboratory in McLean, Virginia. Due to space limitations in this publication only the tests conducted in the USGS flume are presented in this paper. Two different pier designs were tested. One of the piers was also tested with two different diameter dolphin systems. Copyright ASCE 2004.

  8. Remediation of Centre Pier, Port Hope, Ontario: Historical, Logistical, Regulatory and Technical Challenges - 13118

    SciTech Connect

    Ferguson Jones, Andrea; Case, Glenn; Lawrence, Dave

    2013-07-01

    Centre Pier is a 3.9 ha property owned by the Commissioners of the Port Hope Harbour in the Municipality of Port Hope, Ontario, Canada. It is centrally located on the Port Hope waterfront and is bounded on the west by the Port Hope Harbour, on the east by the Ganaraska River, on the south by Lake Ontario, and on the north by a railway corridor. The property is currently leased by the Commissioners of the Port Hope Harbour to the Cameco Corporation which owns the four onsite building that are used as warehouse space for their uranium conversion facility located on the western side of the Harbour. Remediation of this site forms part of the Port Hope Project being undertaken by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) and Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) as part of the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI). Soil impacts include radiological, metals and petroleum hydrocarbons resulting from long term historical industrial use. Radiological impacts in soil extend across most of the site primarily within the upper metre of fill. Metals-contaminated soil is present across the entire site in the underlying fill material. The metals-contaminated fill extends to a maximum depth of 2.0 m below grade at the north end of the site which is underlain by peat. However, the metals-contaminated soil could extend to the top of the bedrock on the remainder of the site. Based on the elevation of the bedrock in the adjacent river and Harbour Basin, the metals-contaminated soil may extend to a depth of 5.6 m or 6.5 m below existing grade. Petroleum-contaminated soil is present on the southeast side of the site, where a storage tank farm was previously located. Challenges include: - The complex history of the site both relating to site use and Pier construction. Pier development began in the 1800's and was undertaken by many different entities. Modifications and repairs were made over the years resulting in several different types of Pier walls and fill that must be considered

  9. The Status and Prospect of Research into Protective Structures of Bridge Piers against Rockfall Impact

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Liang; Zhang, Shan; Zhang, Junfa; Wu, Xiangnan

    2017-06-01

    Rockfall impact on bridge piers threats severely the mountain bridge structures of lifeline engineering. Intended for mountain bridge pier protection against rockfall impact, the paper conducted comprehensive reviews on the research status of impact effects, anti-collision structure, impact response to rockfall, and protective design at home and abroad, and proposed a new-type protective structure against rockfall impact. In addition, the paper carried out deep studies on such key scientific issues as impact effect calculation, protective materials against rockfall impact, damage mechanism of protective units, and parameter optimization on the system of protective structures against rockfall impact as well, aiming to strength disaster prevention of mountain bridge structures.

  10. Detailed view top of center/pivot pier. The swing span revolves ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Detailed view top of center/pivot pier. The swing span revolves on a cylindrical drum, supported by 40 20-inch diameter steel wheels running on a circular track, the truss loads being delivered to the drum by a system of distributing girder. Note the circular gear anchored to the top pier. Two (2) powered pinion gears, electric driven, turn the swing span bridge on the 25'-5' diameter circular track as the wheels and drum rotate. - Bridgeport Swing Span Bridge, Spanning Tennessee River, Bridgeport, Jackson County, AL

  11. Effects of seismic devices on transverse responses of piers in the Sutong Bridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Xing; Camara, Alfredo; Ye, Aijun

    2015-12-01

    The Sutong Bridge in China opened to traffic in 2008, and is an arterial connection between the cities of Nantong and Suzhou. It is a cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 1,088 m. Due to a tight construction schedule and lack of suitable seismic devices at the time, fixed supports were installed between the piers and the girder in the transverse direction. As a result, significant transverse seismic forces could occur in the piers and foundations, especially during a return period of a 2500-year earthquake. Therefore, the piers, foundations and fixed bearings had to be designed extraordinarily strong. However, when larger earthquakes occur, the bearings, piers and foundations are still vulnerable. The recent rapid developments in seismic technology and the performance-based design approach offer a better opportunity to optimize the transverse seismic design for the Sutong Bridge piers. The optimized design can be applied to the Sutong Bridge (as a retrofit), as well as other bridges. Seismic design alternatives utilizing viscous fluid dampers (VFD), or friction pendulum sliding bearings (FPSB), or transverse yielding metallic dampers (TYMD) are thoroughly studied in this work, and the results are compared with those from the current condition with fixed transverse supports and a hypothetical condition in which only sliding bearings are provided on top of the piers (the girder can move "freely" in the transverse direction during the earthquake, except for frictional forces of the sliding bearings). Parametric analyses were performed to optimize the design of these proposed seismic devices. From the comparison of the peak bridge responses in these configurations, it was found that both VFD and TYMD are very effective in the reduction of transverse seismic forces in piers, while at the same time keeping the relative transverse displacements between piers and the box girder within acceptable limits. However, compared to VFD, TYMD do not interact with the

  12. 76 FR 37005 - Safety Zone; Fan Pier Yacht Club Fireworks, Boston Harbor, Boston, MA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... procedures; and related management systems practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fan Pier Yacht Club Fireworks, Boston Harbor, Boston, MA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard...

  13. Workmen assembling 30ton Revolving Crane (TO1) on pier looking ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Workmen assembling 30-ton Revolving Crane (TO-1) on pier - looking offshore. Taken Jan. 5, 1932. 14th Naval District Photo Collection Item No. 9849 - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Exterior Cranes, Waterfront Crane Track System, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  14. Rapid repair techniques for severely earthquake-damaged circular bridge piers with flexural failure mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Zhiguo; Li, Hongnan; Bi, Kaiming; Si, Bingjun; Wang, Dongsheng

    2017-04-01

    In this study, three rapid repair techniques are proposed to retrofit circular bridge piers that are severely damaged by the flexural failure mode in major earthquakes. The quasi-static tests on three 1:2.5 scaled circular pier specimens are conducted to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed repair techniques. For the purpose of rapid repair, the repair procedure for all the specimens is conducted within four days, and the behavior of the repaired specimens is evaluated and compared with the original ones. A finite element model is developed to predict the cyclic behavior of the repaired specimens and the numerical results are compared with the test data. It is found that all the repaired specimens exhibit similar or larger lateral strength and deformation capacity than the original ones. The initial lateral stiffness of all the repaired specimens is lower than that of the original ones, while they show a higher lateral stiffness at the later stage of the test. No noticeable difference is observed for the energy dissipation capacity between the original and repaired pier specimens. It is suggested that the repair technique using the early-strength concrete jacket confined by carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets can be an optimal method for the rapid repair of severely earthquake-damaged circular bridge piers with flexural failure mode.

  15. 51. ARAII. Camera looking southeast at foundation piers for SL1 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. ARA-II. Camera looking southeast at foundation piers for SL-1 reactor building support. August 22, 1957. Ineel photo no. 57-4212. Photographer: Jack L. Anderson. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Army Reactors Experimental Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  16. Effect of downward seepage on turbulent flow characteristics and bed morphology around bridge piers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavan, Rutuja; Sharma, Anurag; Kumar, Bimlesh

    2017-03-01

    In this work, experimental investigations have been pursued to analyse the influence of downward seepage on the turbulent characteristics of flow and corresponding changes in vortex structure around circular bridge pier in alluvial channel. Experiments were conducted in sand bed channel with circular piers of different sizes for no seepage, 10% seepage and 20% seepage cases. The measurement of turbulent flow statistics such as velocity and Reynolds stresses is found to be negative within the scour hole at upstream of the pier whereas application of downward seepage retards the reversal of the flow causing a decrement in the velocity and Reynolds stresses. Higher Reynolds shear stress prevails at the downstream side because of the production of wake vortices. Contribution of all bursting events to the total Reynolds shear stress production has been observed to increase with downward seepage. The analysis of integral scale suggest that size of eddies increases with seepage, which is responsible for increase in particle mobility. Initially rate of scouring is more which abatements gradually with expanding time as well as with the increased of downward seepage. Presence of downward seepage reduces the depth and length of vortex and shifts towards downstream side of the pier.

  17. Spatial practice, conceived space and lived space: Hong Kong's "Piers saga" through the Lefebvrian lens.

    PubMed

    Ng, Mee Kam; Tang, Wing Shing; Lee, Joanna; Leung, Darwin

    2010-01-01

    By applying the Lefebvrian lens, this paper tries to understand why unlike previous similar cases, the latest removal of the Star Ferry and Queen's Pier was so controversial. To Lefebvre, embedded in "spatial practices" that "secrete" a place are two contradicting spaces: "conceived spaces" produced by planners to create exchange values and "lived spaces" appropriated by citizens for use values. Applying Lefebvre's framework to examine the "Piers saga", it is found that the pre-Second World War (WWII) piers were "conceived" by spatial practices of a colonial and racially segregated trading enclave. The public space in the commercial heart that housed the previous generations of piers was not accessible to the Chinese community, thus denying them opportunities to appropriate them and turn them into "lived" spaces. It was only after WWII when the Government carried out further reclamation to meet the needs of an industrializing economy that inclusive public spaces were conceived in the commercial heart, enabling the general public to "appropriate" them as "lived" space. When the Government planned to remove this very first "lived" space in the political and economic heart of the city to conceive further reclamation for the restructuring economy, the more enlightened citizens were determined to defend it.

  18. Effect of downward seepage on turbulent flow characteristics and bed morphology around bridge piers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavan, Rutuja; Sharma, Anurag; Kumar, Bimlesh

    2017-01-01

    In this work, experimental investigations have been pursued to analyse the influence of downward seepage on the turbulent characteristics of flow and corresponding changes in vortex structure around circular bridge pier in alluvial channel. Experiments were conducted in sand bed channel with circular piers of different sizes for no seepage, 10% seepage and 20% seepage cases. The measurement of turbulent flow statistics such as velocity and Reynolds stresses is found to be negative within the scour hole at upstream of the pier whereas application of downward seepage retards the reversal of the flow causing a decrement in the velocity and Reynolds stresses. Higher Reynolds shear stress prevails at the downstream side because of the production of wake vortices. Contribution of all bursting events to the total Reynolds shear stress production has been observed to increase with downward seepage. The analysis of integral scale suggest that size of eddies increases with seepage, which is responsible for increase in particle mobility. Initially rate of scouring is more which abatements gradually with expanding time as well as with the increased of downward seepage. Presence of downward seepage reduces the depth and length of vortex and shifts towards downstream side of the pier.

  19. High Performance Building Facade Solutions - PIER Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Eleanor; Selkowitz, Stephen

    2009-12-31

    Building facades directly influence heating and cooling loads and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered, and are therefore a major determinant of annual energy use and peak electric demand. Facades also significantly influence occupant comfort and satisfaction, making the design optimization challenge more complex than many other building systems.This work focused on addressing significant near-term opportunities to reduce energy use in California commercial building stock by a) targeting voluntary, design-based opportunities derived from the use of better design guidelines and tools, and b) developing and deploying more efficient glazings, shading systems, daylighting systems, facade systems and integrated controls. This two-year project, supported by the California Energy Commission PIER program and the US Department of Energy, initiated a collaborative effort between The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and major stakeholders in the facades industry to develop, evaluate, and accelerate market deployment of emerging, high-performance, integrated facade solutions. The LBNL Windows Testbed Facility acted as the primary catalyst and mediator on both sides of the building industry supply-user business transaction by a) aiding component suppliers to create and optimize cost effective, integrated systems that work, and b) demonstrating and verifying to the owner, designer, and specifier community that these integrated systems reliably deliver required energy performance. An industry consortium was initiated amongst approximately seventy disparate stakeholders, who unlike the HVAC or lighting industry, has no single representative, multi-disciplinary body or organized means of communicating and collaborating. The consortium provided guidance on the project and more importantly, began to mutually work out and agree on the goals, criteria, and pathways needed to attain the ambitious net zero energy goals defined by California and

  20. Apparent Sea Level Rise due to Loading of the Atlantic City Pier by Spectators Viewing (1929-1978) Diving Horses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galvin, C.

    2012-12-01

    Cyril Galvin, Coastal Engineer Springfield, Virginia 22150 USA Since 1911, the Steel Pier at Atlantic City, New Jersey, has been the site of the Atlantic City tide gauge, except for two intervals: 1911-1921 when the gauge was at the Million Dollar Pier in Atlantic City, and 1985-1991 when the gauge was at the Ventnor Fishing Pier (see Table 2, Zervos, 2009). By design, the Steel Pier was an amusement pier, and its most famous amusement was the Diving Horses: they dove bareback with a woman rider from a platform about 40 feet above sea level. They did that between 1929 and 1978, except for seven years - a post-war period, 1945 to 1953, when diving was suspended. The popularity of the diving horses is recorded on photos of crowds which occupied the bleachers at the seaward end of the pier to view the diving horses. By my count, the crowd pictured in the end papers of the book by Steve Liebowitz (2009) was about 4000 people. Typically, there were multiple shows daily. The weight of the crowd, estimated from the count of the crowd, was about 150 tons. This weight was loaded down on the piles by the crowd of spectators, and unloaded between shows of the diving horses. Most of the piles supporting the pier deck were imbedded in sand newly deposited since 1850. Using Atlantic City sea levels from the PSMSL data base and historical facts from Liebowitz (2009), and beginning with a 1912 start of the tide gauge, the apparent sea level rose at a rate of 3.1mm/yr until 1929 when the horses began diving. With the 1929 start of diving, the apparent sea level rise tripled, averaging 9.4 mm/yr until the act was suspended in 1945. In the 1945-1953 interval, when the horses did not dive (no crowds on the pier), apparent sea level fell (sea level FELL) at a rate of -1.6 mm/yr. The horses resumed diving in 1953, when the apparent sea level resumed at a rate of 4.0mm/yr. This 4.0 mm/yr is identical to the longtime sea level trend (1911-2006) from Zervos (2009) of 3.99mm/yr The history

  1. Investigation on the buckling of steel piers of elevated expressway due to the Great Hanshin Earthquake

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita, Katsuhisa; Nakamura, Kazuhiro; Ito, Tomohiro; Iwamoto, Yoichi

    1996-12-01

    In the Great Hanshin Earthquake which occurred in January 1995, extremely serious damages to the elevated expressways were found. Some of those piers are made of steel and many of them buckled and revealed plastic deformations. One of them revealed the circumferentially uniform outward bulge at the middle portion in the axial direction, though the buckling of a long circular cylinder will occur at it`s bottom end accompanied by more complicated deformation patterns typical to the bending buckling. In this study, simple reduced scale models of the pier were fabricated and the dynamic and static buckling tests were performed. The effect of the girder weight or vertical excitation on the buckling phenomena were investigated. In addition to the tests, static buckling analysis using FEM was also performed in order to clarify the causes for this specified buckling phenomena.

  2. Evaluation of RC Bridge Piers Retrofitted using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP)

    SciTech Connect

    Shayanfar, M. A.; Zarrabian, M. S.

    2008-07-08

    For many long years, steel reinforcements have been considered as the only tool for concrete confinements and studied widely, but nowadays application of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) as an effective alternative is well appreciated. Many bridges have been constructed in the past that are necessary to be retrofitted for resisting against the earthquake motions. The objective of this research is evaluation of nonlinear behavior of RC bridge piers. Eight RC bridge piers have been modeled by ABAQUS software under micromechanical model for homogeneous anisotropic fibers. Also the Bilinear Confinement Model by Nonlinear Transition Zone of Mirmiran has been considered. Then types and angles of fibers and their effects on the final responses were evaluated. Finally, effects of retrofitting are evaluated and some suggestions presented.

  3. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Kennedy Space Center's Advanced Systems Development organization conducts a test of an unmanned robotic submersible to evaluate its ability to assist divers in the task of recovering spent solid rocket boosters (SRBs) in the Atlantic Ocean. NASA and contractor Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., demonstrated the Max Rover submersible at Port Canaveral's Trident pier. The fact- finding tests are part of NASA's effort to make SRB recovery operations safer and less strenuous.

  4. Closeup view under the track at the center/pivot pier showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Close-up view under the track at the center/pivot pier showing the system of distributing girders which transfer all the load of the swing span, both dead, live load, wind, etc., onto the circular drum, thence to the rim bearing 40 20-inch diameter wheels. Note: The track timber ties supported on the bottom truss chord of the swing span truss. - Bridgeport Swing Span Bridge, Spanning Tennessee River, Bridgeport, Jackson County, AL

  5. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Kennedy Space Center's Advanced Systems Development organization conducts a test of an unmanned robotic submersible to evaluate its ability to assist divers in the task of recovering spent solid rocket boosters (SRBs) in the Atlantic Ocean. NASA and contractor Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., demonstrated the Max Rover submersible at Port Canaveral's Trident pier. The fact- finding tests are part of NASA's effort to make SRB recovery operations safer and less strenuous.

  6. Pier and contraction scour prediction in cohesive soils at selected bridges in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Straub, Timothy D.; Over, Thomas M.

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the results of testing the Scour Rate In Cohesive Soils-Erosion Function Apparatus (SRICOS-EFA) method for estimating scour depth of cohesive soils at 15 bridges in Illinois. The SRICOS-EFA method for complex pier and contraction scour in cohesive soils has two primary components. The first component includes the calculation of the maximum contraction and pier scour (Zmax). The second component is an integrated approach that considers a time factor, soil properties, and continued interaction between the contraction and pier scour (SRICOS runs). The SRICOS-EFA results were compared to scour prediction results for non-cohesive soils based on Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 18 (HEC-18). On average, the HEC-18 method predicted higher scour depths than the SRICOS-EFA method. A reduction factor was determined for each HEC-18 result to make it match the maximum of three types of SRICOS run results. The unconfined compressive strength (Qu) for the soil was then matched with the reduction factor and the results were ranked in order of increasing Qu. Reduction factors were then grouped by Qu and applied to each bridge site and soil. These results, and comparison with the SRICOS Zmax calculation, show that less than half of the reduction-factor method values were the lowest estimate of scour; whereas, the Zmax method values were the lowest estimate for over half. A tiered approach to predicting pier and contraction scour was developed. There are four levels to this approach numbered in order of complexity, with the fourth level being a full SRICOS-EFA analysis. Levels 1 and 2 involve the reduction factors and Zmax calculation, and can be completed without EFA data. Level 3 requires some surrogate EFA data. Levels 3 and 4 require streamflow for input into SRICOS. Estimation techniques for both EFA surrogate data and streamflow data were developed.

  7. FBG sensor networks for the estimation of boundary shear stress around the novel piers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lü, Chengang; Zhang, Ruifeng; Li, Kejia; Wu, Xing; Ge, Chunfeng

    2010-10-01

    The paper reports results obtained from a field test site in structural monitoring-a "test-to-failure," measuring strain using Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) sensor networks on a novel drilled concrete test pier in Huaihe river zone,Anhui province,China. To undertake the study, FBG-based sensors were chosen ,metallic recoated ,steel-tube packaged , and incorporated with steel rebars in this concrete structure. The sensors were interrogated using a compact system based on wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) and F-P scanning approach. Throughout the test, the FBG sensors were continuously monitored, the incremental increases in the strain caused by boundary shear stress could be seen. The sensors were able to follow the resulting induced changes in load of over a range in excess of 2.5M Newton just prior to failure of the pier and representing extreme levels of strain for such a novel mechanical structure. The measurements made with the FBG-based system were found to be in agreement with the changes expected in the structure, produced by the self-balanced loading applied. The study has demonstrated the successful use of FBG sensor networks used in a test of this root type pier foundation, consequently made assessment about the health and security of the highway bridge.

  8. Construction of 3.6m ARIES telescope enclosure with eccentric pier at Devasthal, Nainital

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bangia, Tarun

    Space optimized enclosure with eccentric pier for 3.6m ARIES telescope presents construction challenges at the unique observing site of Devasthal, Nainital, India. Enclosure comprises of about 16.5m diameter and 14m high insulated steel framed cylindrical dome rotating on a 14m high stationery dome supporting structure and a 24m × 12m extension structure building for accommodating aluminizing plant and ventilation system etc. Great deal of manual and mechanical excavation was carried out at the rocky site using rock breaking and JCB machines. Foundation bolts for columns of dome supporting structure and extension structure building were grouted after alignment with total station. A 7m diameter hollow cylindrical pier isolated from other structures and 1.85m eccentric with dome center designed due to space limitation at site is being casted for mounting 150 MT mass of the largest 3.6m telescope in the country. A 7m diameter template was fabricated for 3.6m pier top. Most of enclosure components are manufactured and tested in works before assembly/erection at site. Dome drive was tested with dummy loads using VVVF drive with 6 drive and 12 idler wheel assemblies at works to simulate dome weight and smooth operation before erection at site. A 4.2m wide motorized windscreen is being manufactured with a special grade synthetic fabric to withstand wind speed up to 15m/s.

  9. The Multimedia Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale 2: Its Psychometric Properties, Equivalence with the Paper-and-Pencil Version, and Respondent Preferences.

    PubMed

    Flahive, Mon-hsin Wang; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Li, Chien-Mo

    2015-01-01

    A multimedia version of Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale 2 (Piers-Harris 2) was created with audio and cartoon animation to facilitate the measurement of self-concept among younger children. This study aimed to assess the psychometric qualities of the computer version of Piers-Harris 2 scores, examine its score equivalence with the paper-and-pencil version, and survey the respondent preference of the two versions. Two hundred and forty eight Taiwanese students from the first to fourth grade were recruited. In regard to the psychometric properties, high internal consistency (α = .91) was found for the total score of multimedia Piers-Harris 2. High interscale correlations (.77 to .83) of the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 scores and the results of confirmatory factor analysis suggested the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 contained good structural characteristics. The scores of the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 also had significant correlations with the scores of the Elementary School Children's Self Concept Scale. The equality of convergence and criterion-related validities of Piers-Harris 2 scores for the multimedia and paper-and-pencil versions and the results of ICCs between the scores of the multimedia and paper-and-pencil Piers-Harris 2 suggested their high level of equivalence. Participants showed more positive attitudes towards the multimedia version.

  10. The Multimedia Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale 2: Its Psychometric Properties, Equivalence with the Paper-and-Pencil Version, and Respondent Preferences

    PubMed Central

    Flahive, Mon-hsin Wang; Chuang, Ying-Chih; Li, Chien-Mo

    2015-01-01

    A multimedia version of Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale 2 (Piers-Harris 2) was created with audio and cartoon animation to facilitate the measurement of self-concept among younger children. This study aimed to assess the psychometric qualities of the computer version of Piers-Harris 2 scores, examine its score equivalence with the paper-and-pencil version, and survey the respondent preference of the two versions. Two hundred and forty eight Taiwanese students from the first to fourth grade were recruited. In regard to the psychometric properties, high internal consistency (α = .91) was found for the total score of multimedia Piers-Harris 2. High interscale correlations (.77 to .83) of the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 scores and the results of confirmatory factor analysis suggested the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 contained good structural characteristics. The scores of the multimedia Piers-Harris 2 also had significant correlations with the scores of the Elementary School Children’s Self Concept Scale. The equality of convergence and criterion-related validities of Piers-Harris 2 scores for the multimedia and paper-and-pencil versions and the results of ICCs between the scores of the multimedia and paper-and-pencil Piers-Harris 2 suggested their high level of equivalence. Participants showed more positive attitudes towards the multimedia version. PMID:26252499

  11. Surface-geophysical techniques used to detect existing and infilled scour holes near bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Placzek, Gary; Haeni, F.P.

    1995-01-01

    Surface-geophysical techniques were used with a position-recording system to study riverbed scour near bridge piers. From May 1989 to May 1993. Fathometers, fixed- and swept-frequency con- tinuous seismic-reflection profiling (CSP) systems, and a ground-penetrating radar (GPR) system were used with a laser-positioning system to measure the depth and extent of existing and infilled scour holes near bridge piers. Equipment was purchased commercially and modified when necessary to interface the components and (or) to improve their performance. Three 200-kHz black-and-white chart- recording Fathometers produced profiles of the riverbed that included existing scour holes and exposed pier footings. The Fathometers were used in conjunction with other geophysical techniques to help interpret the geophysical data. A 20-kHz color Fathometer delineated scour-hole geometry and, in some cases, the thickness of fill material in the hole. The signal provided subbottom information as deep as 10 ft in fine-grained materials and resolved layers of fill material as thin as 1 foot thick. Fixed-frequency and swept-frequency CSP systems were evaluated. The fixed-frequency system used a 3.5-, 7.0-, or 14-kHz signal. The 3.5-kHz signal pene- trated up to 50 ft of fine-grained material and resolved layers as thin as 2.5-ft thick. The 14-kHz signal penetrated up to 20 ft of fine-grained material and resolved layers as thin as 1-ft thick. The swept-frequency systems used a signal that swept from 2- to 16-kHz. With this system, up to 50 ft of penetration was achieved, and fill material as thin as 1 ft was resolved. Scour-hole geometry, exposed pier footings, and fill thickness in scour holes were detected with both CSP systems. The GPR system used an 80-, 100-, or 300-megahertz signal. The technique produced records in water up to 15 ft deep that had a specific conductance less than 200x11ms/cm. The 100-MHz signal penetrated up to 40 ft of resistive granular material and resolved layers as

  12. POL Pier Repairs Lajes Field, Azores Construction Inspection Visit Number 2.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    4,4 v Ř Concrte Deckphin . 4-, "Ř _.. I.., I’... DLPINO - APPOACW" Corso fTp fSetPl Cell..Spe;l ng.ofCocrt Dc Slab " AL " U 5 POL PIER REPAIRS LAJES...as soon as the wales and tie roads are installed. Then, after filling, the concrete cap will be placed, allowing 14 days curing time be- fore berthing...Platform slab, will - commence around August 25, 1980. This work has to be done in advance of any ship berthings, to allow sufficient curing time. WEATHER

  13. Report and Recommendations on Underwater Damage Assessment Pier Lima Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-09-01

    the extent of pitting and location of most severe pitting is required, and even then, conclusions remain only estimates. (Ref. Hosford ) At Pier Lima...section of web. Note the large pit upper right, as well as small pits upper left. A--rO REFERENCE Hosford , H.W. "Cathodic Protection of Marine Structures...34, Harco Paper HC-16, Harco Corp., Medina, Ohio Rogers, Howard T., "Marine Corrosion Handbook", McGraw- Hill, New York BIBLIOGRAPHY Hosford , H.W

  14. Experimental and numerical investigation of the effect of different shapes of collars on the reduction of scour around a single bridge pier.

    PubMed

    Jahangirzadeh, Afshin; Basser, Hossein; Akib, Shatirah; Karami, Hojat; Naji, Sareh; Shamshirband, Shahaboddin

    2014-01-01

    The scour phenomenon around bridge piers causes great quantities of damages annually all over the world. Collars are considered as one of the substantial methods for reducing the depth and volume of scour around bridge piers. In this study, the experimental and numerical methods are used to investigate two different shapes of collars, i.e, rectangular and circular, in terms of reducing scour around a single bridge pier. The experiments were conducted in hydraulic laboratory at university of Malaya. The scour around the bridge pier and collars was simulated numerically using a three-dimensional, CFD model namely SSIIM 2.0, to verify the application of the model. The results indicated that although, both types of collars provides a considerable decrease in the depth of the scour, the rectangular collar, decreases scour depth around the pier by 79 percent, and has better performance compared to the circular collar. Furthermore, it was observed that using collars under the stream's bed, resulted in the most reduction in the scour depth around the pier. The results also show the SSIIM 2.0 model could simulate the scour phenomenon around a single bridge pier and collars with sufficient accuracy. Using the experimental and numerical results, two new equations were developed to predict the scour depth around a bridge pier exposed to circular and rectangular collars.

  15. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Different Shapes of Collars on the Reduction of Scour around a Single Bridge Pier

    PubMed Central

    Jahangirzadeh, Afshin; Basser, Hossein; Akib, Shatirah; Karami, Hojat; Naji, Sareh; Shamshirband, Shahaboddin

    2014-01-01

    The scour phenomenon around bridge piers causes great quantities of damages annually all over the world. Collars are considered as one of the substantial methods for reducing the depth and volume of scour around bridge piers. In this study, the experimental and numerical methods are used to investigate two different shapes of collars, i.e, rectangular and circular, in terms of reducing scour around a single bridge pier. The experiments were conducted in hydraulic laboratory at university of Malaya. The scour around the bridge pier and collars was simulated numerically using a three-dimensional, CFD model namely SSIIM 2.0, to verify the application of the model. The results indicated that although, both types of collars provides a considerable decrease in the depth of the scour, the rectangular collar, decreases scour depth around the pier by 79 percent, and has better performance compared to the circular collar. Furthermore, it was observed that using collars under the stream’s bed, resulted in the most reduction in the scour depth around the pier. The results also show the SSIIM 2.0 model could simulate the scour phenomenon around a single bridge pier and collars with sufficient accuracy. Using the experimental and numerical results, two new equations were developed to predict the scour depth around a bridge pier exposed to circular and rectangular collars. PMID:24919065

  16. Numerical water quality model study for the Los Angeles Harbor Pier 400 project. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, R.W.

    1995-01-01

    The Port of Los Angeles plans to construct an additional port facility referred to as Pier 400. The Pier 400 harbor facility may affect water quality by changing the tidal circulation and flushing patterns. Numerical water quality model simulations were used to compare flushing and dissolved oxygen (DO) resources at existing conditions and two stages of plan implementation. The flushing simulations computed the transport and dilution of a conservative tracer inserted into various regions of the harbor. The flushing studies provided a qualitative comparison between plans where a decrease in flushing rate prolongs the period of time that oxygen-demanding substances exert their influence on the DO concentration. The water quality simulations included the variables temperature, phytoplankton, phosphate, nitrate, biochemical oxygen demand, and DO, and were conducted for the period August 1-31, 1987, where a complete set of field data were available to establish initial and boundary conditions and to calibrate the model under existing conditions. Two flushing studies were conducted: injection of tracer into all regions interior to the Federal breakwaters, and injection. of tracer only in the region east of the Stage 1 access causeway. The first flushing study revealed that the two stages of plan implementation inhibited flushing in the LA Outer Harbor, Fish Harbor, Seaplane Lagoon, and Main Channel. The second flushing study showed that the access corridor prevented advection to areas west of the causeway; the dilution rate decreased by an order of three.

  17. 18 CFR 1304.206 - Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities. 1304.206 Section 1304.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION IN THE TENNESSEE RIVER SYSTEM AND REGULATION OF STRUCTURES AND...

  18. 33 CFR 165.1334 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard... Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED... Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1334 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay...

  19. 33 CFR 165.1334 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard... Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED... Thirteenth Coast Guard District § 165.1334 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay...

  20. 75 FR 67032 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Seattle, WA; Correction AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule; technical correction. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard published a final rule in the Federal Register on August 31, 2010 which created a security...

  1. 33 CFR 165.1330 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... from Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA within a box encompassed by the points, 47°36.719′ N, 122°21.099′ W; 47... Guard patrol craft on VHF Ch 13 or Ch 16, or Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound Joint Harbor...

  2. 33 CFR 165.1330 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... from Pier 66, Elliott Bay, WA within a box encompassed by the points, 47°36.719′ N, 122°21.099′ W; 47... Guard patrol craft on VHF Ch 13 or Ch 16, or Coast Guard Sector Puget Sound Joint Harbor...

  3. 76 FR 47441 - Safety Zone; Apache Pier Labor Day Weekend Fireworks Display, Atlantic Ocean, Myrtle Beach, SC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ... Display, Atlantic Ocean, Myrtle Beach, SC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY... vicinity of Apache Pier in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina during a Labor Day weekend fireworks display on... fireworks display is scheduled to take place in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The fireworks will be launched...

  4. 33 CFR 165.1334 - Security Zone; U.S. Coast Guard BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... BSU Seattle, Pier 36, Elliot Bay, Seattle, WA. 165.1334 Section 165.1334 Navigation and Navigable..., Seattle, WA. (a) Location. The following area is a security zone: All waters in Elliot Bay east of a line..., WA. (b) Regulations: Under 33 CFR part 165, subpart D, no vessel may enter, transit, moor, or anchor...

  5. 33 CFR 334.102 - Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers and Terminal Channel, restricted area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons... DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.102 Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers..., shall be enforced by the Commanding Officer, Naval Weapons Station Earle, and/or other persons...

  6. 33 CFR 334.102 - Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers and Terminal Channel, restricted area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons... DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.102 Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers..., shall be enforced by the Commanding Officer, Naval Weapons Station Earle, and/or other persons...

  7. 33 CFR 334.102 - Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers and Terminal Channel, restricted area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons... DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.102 Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers..., shall be enforced by the Commanding Officer, Naval Weapons Station Earle, and/or other persons...

  8. 33 CFR 334.102 - Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers and Terminal Channel, restricted area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons... DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.102 Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers..., shall be enforced by the Commanding Officer, Naval Weapons Station Earle, and/or other persons...

  9. 33 CFR 334.102 - Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers and Terminal Channel, restricted area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons... DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.102 Sandy Hook Bay, Naval Weapons Station EARLE, Piers..., shall be enforced by the Commanding Officer, Naval Weapons Station Earle, and/or other persons...

  10. 18 CFR 1304.206 - Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities. 1304.206 Section 1304.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION IN THE TENNESSEE RIVER SYSTEM AND REGULATION OF STRUCTURES AND...

  11. 18 CFR 1304.206 - Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities. 1304.206 Section 1304.206 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION IN THE TENNESSEE RIVER SYSTEM AND REGULATION OF STRUCTURES AND...

  12. 33 CFR 165.1330 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington. 165.1330 Section 165.1330 Navigation and Navigable..., Seattle, Washington. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: All waters extending 100 yards...

  13. 33 CFR 165.1330 - Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety Zone; Fleet Week Maritime Festival, Pier 66, Elliott Bay, Seattle, Washington. 165.1330 Section 165.1330 Navigation and Navigable..., Seattle, Washington. (a) Location. The following area is a safety zone: All waters extending 100 yards...

  14. 18 CFR 1304.206 - Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... property owners having the right to use the community outlot; (v) Water depths fronting the community lot... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Requirements for community docks, piers, boathouses, or other water-use facilities. 1304.206 Section 1304.206 Conservation of...

  15. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Technicians lower the unmanned robotic submersible recovery system, known as Max Rover, into the water at the Trident Pier at Port Canaveral during a test of the system. Kennedy Space Center's solid rocket booster (SRB) retrieval team and Advanced Systems Development laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the Diver Operated Plug (DOP) into the aft nozzle of a spent SRB safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  16. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    As scuba divers stand by, a Diver Operated Plug (DOP) is lowered into the water at the Trident Pier at Port Canaveral during a test of the unmanned robotic submersible recovery system, known as Max Rover. Kennedy Space Center's solid rocket booster (SRB) retrieval team and Advanced Systems Development laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug into spent SRBs safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  17. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    A scuba diver stands by as the unmanned Max Rover submersible goes down to insert a Diver Operated Plug (DOP) into an aft nozzle like the ones used on the Space Shuttle's solid rocket boosters (SRBs). NASA and contractor Deep Sea Systems demonstrated the submersible at Port Canaveral's Trident pier. Kennedy Space Center's SRB retrieval team and Advanced Systems Development laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug into spent SRBs safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  18. NLP-PIER: A Scalable Natural Language Processing, Indexing, and Searching Architecture for Clinical Notes.

    PubMed

    McEwan, Reed; Melton, Genevieve B; Knoll, Benjamin C; Wang, Yan; Hultman, Gretchen; Dale, Justin L; Meyer, Tim; Pakhomov, Serguei V

    2016-01-01

    Many design considerations must be addressed in order to provide researchers with full text and semantic search of unstructured healthcare data such as clinical notes and reports. Institutions looking at providing this functionality must also address the big data aspects of their unstructured corpora. Because these systems are complex and demand a non-trivial investment, there is an incentive to make the system capable of servicing future needs as well, further complicating the design. We present architectural best practices as lessons learned in the design and implementation NLP-PIER (Patient Information Extraction for Research), a scalable, extensible, and secure system for processing, indexing, and searching clinical notes at the University of Minnesota.

  19. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    As scuba divers stand by, a Diver Operated Plug (DOP) is lowered into the water at the Trident Pier at Port Canaveral during a test of the unmanned robotic submersible recovery system, known as Max Rover. Kennedy Space Center's solid rocket booster (SRB) retrieval team and Advanced Systems Development laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug into spent SRBs safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  20. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    A scuba diver stands by as the unmanned Max Rover submersible goes down to insert a Diver Operated Plug (DOP) into an aft nozzle like the ones used on the Space Shuttle's solid rocket boosters (SRBs). NASA and contractor Deep Sea Systems demonstrated the submersible at Port Canaveral's Trident pier. Kennedy Space Center's SRB retrieval team and Advanced Systems Development laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug into spent SRBs safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  1. NLP-PIER: A Scalable Natural Language Processing, Indexing, and Searching Architecture for Clinical Notes

    PubMed Central

    McEwan, Reed; Melton, Genevieve B.; Knoll, Benjamin C.; Wang, Yan; Hultman, Gretchen; Dale, Justin L.; Meyer, Tim; Pakhomov, Serguei V.

    2016-01-01

    Many design considerations must be addressed in order to provide researchers with full text and semantic search of unstructured healthcare data such as clinical notes and reports. Institutions looking at providing this functionality must also address the big data aspects of their unstructured corpora. Because these systems are complex and demand a non-trivial investment, there is an incentive to make the system capable of servicing future needs as well, further complicating the design. We present architectural best practices as lessons learned in the design and implementation NLP-PIER (Patient Information Extraction for Research), a scalable, extensible, and secure system for processing, indexing, and searching clinical notes at the University of Minnesota. PMID:27570663

  2. Effects of flow duration on local scour at bridge piers in New York

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Butch, Gerard K.; Lumia, Richard

    1994-01-01

    The relation of local scour to the duration of high flows and other hydraulic properties is being studied at 31 bridge sites in New York State. Clear-water scour is common at most of the sites, and local-scour holes that formed during prolonged high flows did not refill during flow recessions. The deepening of about 20 local-scour holes by subsequent high flows indicates that the length of time a flow exceeds a given discharge can affect local scour at a site. Many high flows of short duration did not cause scour. Hourly discharge data collected at nearby U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations were used to develop a hydrograph-based factor that incorporates the duration and magnitude of high flows and the shape of the hydrograph (runoff rate per hour). This factor improved statistically derived estimates of local-scour depth. Combining the hydrograph-based factor with a momentum factor that represents flow velocity, water depth, and bed-material size decreased the standard error of estimate from 60 to 55 percent and increased the coefficient of determination from 0.66 to 0.73. The streambed of the Cohocton River at State Route 333 in Steuben County was lowered 40-60 cm near a pier during a high flow that exceeded the mean-annual peak discharge (Q2) for 71 hours March 31-April 3, 1993. A similar high flow at this site March 30-31, 1993 exceeded the Q2 for 21 hours but produced no scour. The streambed of the Otselic River at State Route 333 in Cortland County was lowered 170 cm near the pier during a high flow that exceeded the Q2 for 27 hours April 10-11, 1993; 30 cm of this scour occurred during the flow recession.

  3. Three Dimensional Analysis of Pier Extension and Guide Wall Design Alternatives to Mitigate Local Scour Risk at the BNSF Railroad Bridge Downstream of the Prado Dam

    SciTech Connect

    Lottes, S. A.; Bojanowski, C.; Sinha, N.; Kerenyi, K

    2015-03-01

    The primary objectives of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis are (1) to verify that the design concept of using wedge shaped pier extensions to divert flow around piers as a scour counter measure has the intended effect on the flow, (2) to refine the design of the length and orientation of the pier extensions within the channel and (3) to optimize the guide walls that will protect a set of outer piers and the abutments on each side of the channel. The original proposed design is shown in Figure 1.3. The results of this effort are the recommended designs that are judged to be the best designs based on results from the set of test cases run combined with engineering judgment. The refined designs from the CFD analysis are expected to be tested in a limited set of physical model experiments to verify that they work well.

  4. Development and Evaluation of Live-Bed Pier- and Contraction-Scour Envelope Curves in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont Provinces of South Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Benedict, Stephen T.; Caldwell, Andral W.

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation, used ground-penetrating radar to collect measurements of live-bed pier scour and contraction scour at 78 bridges in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain Physiographic Provinces of South Carolina. The 151 measurements of live-bed pier-scour depth ranged from 1.7 to 16.9 feet, and the 89 measurements of live-bed contraction-scour depth ranged from 0 to 17.1 feet. Using hydraulic data estimated with a one-dimensional flow model, predicted live-bed scour depths were computed with scour equations from the Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 and compared with measured scour. This comparison indicated that predicted pier-scour depths generally exceeded the measured pier-scour depths, and at times predicted pier-scour depths were excessive (overpredictions were as large as 23.1 feet). For live-bed contraction-scour depths, predicted scour was sometimes excessive (overpredictions were as large as 14.3 feet), but often observed contraction scour was underpredicted. For live-bed pier scour, trends in laboratory and field data were compared and found to be similar. The strongest explanatory variable was pier width, and an envelope curve for assessing the upper bound of live-bed pier scour was developed using pier width as the primary explanatory variable. Relations in the live-bed contraction-scour data also were investigated, and several envelope curves were developed using the geometric-contraction ratio as the primary explanatory variable. The envelope curves developed with the field data have limitations, but the envelope curves can be used as supplementary tools for assessing the potential for live-bed pier and contraction scour in South Carolina. Data from this study were compiled into a database that includes photographs, measured scour depths, predicted scour depths, limited basin characteristics, limited soil data, and modeled hydraulic data. The South Carolina database can be

  5. Development and evaluation of clear-water pier and contraction scour envelope curves in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont Provinces of South Carolina

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Benedict, Stephen T.; Caldwell, Andral W.

    2016-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the South Carolina Department of Transportation collected clear-water pier- and contraction-scour data at 116 bridges in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont Physiographic Provinces of South Carolina. Pier-scour depths collected in both provinces ranged from 0 to 8.0 feet. Contraction-scour depths collected in the Coastal Plain ranged from 0 to 3.9 feet. Using hydraulic data estimated with a one-dimensional flow model, predicted clear-water scour depths were computed with scour equations from the Federal Highway Administration Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 and compared with measured scour. This comparison indicated that predicted clear-water scour depths, in general, exceeded measured scour depths and at times were excessive. Predicted clear-water contraction scour, however, was underpredicted approximately 30 percent of the time by as much as 7.1 feet. The investigation focused on clear-water pier scour, comparing trends in the laboratory and field data. This comparison indicated that the range of dimensionless variables (relative depth, flow intensity, relative grain size) used in laboratory investigations of pier scour, were similar to the range for field data in South Carolina, further indicating that laboratory relations may have some applicability to field conditions in South Carolina. Variables determined to be important in developing pier scour in laboratory studies were investigated to understand their influence on the South Carolina field data, and many of these variables appeared to be insignificant under field conditions in South Carolina. The strongest explanatory variables were pier width and approach velocity. Envelope curves developed from the field data are useful tools for evaluating reasonable ranges of clear-water pier and contraction scour in South Carolina. A modified version of the Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 pier-scour equation also was developed as a tool for evaluating clearwater pier

  6. Use of surface-geophysical methods to assess riverbed scour at bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gorin, S.R.; Haeni, F.P.

    1989-01-01

    A ground-penetrating-radar system, and three seismic systems--color fathometer, tuned transducer, and black-and-white fathometer--were used to evaluate river-bed scour at the Charter Oak, Founder 's and Bulkeley Bridges in Hartford, Connecticut. Cross-sections of the channel and some lateral sections were run at each bridge in June and July 1987, and significant scour at piers supporting each of these bridges was recorded. Each of the four geophysical systems proved to have advantages and limitations. The ground penetrating radar system used single and dual 80 megahertz antennae floating in the water to transmit and receive the signal. The method was successful in water less than 25 ft deep, and in resistive earth materials. The geometry of existing scour holes and the extent of post-scour sedimentation were clearly defined. The color fathometer, operating at a signal frequency of 20 kilohertz, delineated existing scour-hole geometry, detected infilling of scour holes, and provided qualitative information about the physical properties of sediments. The tuned transducer, operating at a signal frequency of 14 kilohertz, defined scour-hole geometry and the extent of post-scour sediment deposition. Both of these systems were effective in water greater than 5 ft deep. At a signal frequency of 200 kilohertz, the black-and-white fathometer could not penetrate post-scour deposits, but it was useful in defining existing scour-holed geometry in water of any depth. (USGS)

  7. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Thomas Lippitt of NASA's Advanced Systems Development (ASD) laboratory observes robotic operations as Chris Nicholson, owner of Deep Sea Systems, and Bill Jones of NASA's ASD laboratory operate the unmanned robotic submersible recovery system, known as Max Rover, during a test of the system at the Trident Pier at Port Canaveral. The submersible is seen in the water with the Diver Operated Plug (DOP). Kennedy Space Center's solid rocket booster (SRB) retrieval team and ASD laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  8. The Max Rover submersible is tested at the Trident pier, Port Canaveral

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Thomas Lippitt of NASA's Advanced Systems Development (ASD) laboratory observes robotic operations as Chris Nicholson, owner of Deep Sea Systems, and Bill Jones of NASA's ASD laboratory operate the unmanned robotic submersible recovery system, known as Max Rover, during a test of the system at the Trident Pier at Port Canaveral. The submersible is seen in the water with the Diver Operated Plug (DOP). Kennedy Space Center's solid rocket booster (SRB) retrieval team and ASD laboratory staff hope that the new robotic technology will make the process of inserting the plug safer and less strenuous. Currently, scuba divers manually insert the DOP into the aft nozzle of a jettisoned SRB 60 to 70 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. After the plug is installed, water is pumped out of the booster allowing it to float horizontally. It is then towed back to Hangar AF at Cape Canaveral Air Station for refurbishment. Deep Sea Systems of Falmouth, Mass., built the submersible for NASA.

  9. Use of fathometers and electrical-conductivity probes to monitor riverbed scour at bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hayes, D.C.; Drummond, F.E.

    1995-01-01

    Two methods, a fathometer system and an electrical- conductivity probe system, were developed to monitor scour at bridge piers. The scour-monitoring systems consisted of a sensor (fathometer or electrical- conductivity probe), power supply, data logger, relay, and system program. The fathometer system was installed and tested at a bridge over the Leipsic River at Leipsic, Delaware, and at a bridge over Sinepuxent Bay near Ocean City. Maryland. Field data collected indicate that fathometers can be used to identify and monitor the riverbed elevation if post processing of the data and trends in the data are used to determine the riverbed location in relation to the transducer. The accuracy of the system is approximately the same as the resolution of the fathometer. Signal scatter can be a major source of error in the data. The electrical- conductivity probe system was installed and tested at a bridge over the Pamunkey River near Hanover, Virginia. The approximate elevation of the riverbed is determined by comparing conductivities of the surface-water flow with conductivities of submerged bed material from sensors located in each. Field data collected indicate that an electrical- conductivity probe, as tested, has limited usefulness in identifying and monitoring the riverbed elevation during high flows. As the discharge increases, the concentration of sediment in the surface-water flow increases, especially near the riverbed. Conductivities, measured at the sensors in the surface-water flow could not be distinguished from conductivities measured at the shallowest sensor in the submerged bed material.

  10. Ultimate pier and contraction scour prediction in cohesive soils at selected bridges in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Straub, Timothy D.; Over, Thomas M.; Domanski, Marian M.

    2013-01-01

    The Scour Rate In COhesive Soils-Erosion Function Apparatus (SRICOS-EFA) method includes an ultimate scour prediction that is the equilibrium maximum pier and contraction scour of cohesive soils over time. The purpose of this report is to present the results of testing the ultimate pier and contraction scour methods for cohesive soils on 30 bridge sites in Illinois. Comparison of the ultimate cohesive and noncohesive methods, along with the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) cohesive soil reduction-factor method and measured scour are presented. Also, results of the comparison of historic IDOT laboratory and field values of unconfined compressive strength of soils (Qu) are presented. The unconfined compressive strength is used in both ultimate cohesive and reduction-factor methods, and knowing how the values from field methods compare to the laboratory methods is critical to the informed application of the methods. On average, the non-cohesive method results predict the highest amount of scour, followed by the reduction-factor method results; and the ultimate cohesive method results predict the lowest amount of scour. The 100-year scour predicted for the ultimate cohesive, noncohesive, and reduction-factor methods for each bridge site and soil are always larger than observed scour in this study, except 12% of predicted values that are all within 0.4 ft of the observed scour. The ultimate cohesive scour prediction is smaller than the non-cohesive scour prediction method for 78% of bridge sites and soils. Seventy-six percent of the ultimate cohesive predictions show a 45% or greater reduction from the non-cohesive predictions that are over 10 ft. Comparing the ultimate cohesive and reduction-factor 100-year scour predictions methods for each bridge site and soil, the scour predicted by the ultimate cohesive scour prediction method is less than the reduction-factor 100-year scour prediction method for 51% of bridge sites and soils. Critical shear stress

  11. Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    Academy Award®- winning actor and environmental activist Leonardo DiCaprio visited NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland on Saturday, April 23, 2016. During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio interviewed Dr. Piers Sellers, an Earth scientist, former astronaut and current deputy director of Goddard’s Sciences and Exploration Directorate. The two discussed the different missions NASA has underway to study changes in the Earth’s atmosphere, water and land masses for a climate change documentary that Mr. DiCaprio has in production. Using a wall-size, high-definition display system that shows visual representations based on actual science data, Mr. DiCaprio and Dr. Sellers discussed data results from NASA’s fleet of satellites in Earth’s orbit. During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio also visited the facility holding NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope that is being developed as a large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror. The telescope will be launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana in October of 2018, and will be a premier observatory of the next decade, serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Rebecca Roth NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  12. Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    Academy Award®- winning actor and environmental activist Leonardo DiCaprio visited NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland on Saturday, April 23, 2016. During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio interviewed Dr. Piers Sellers, an Earth scientist, former astronaut and current deputy director of Goddard’s Sciences and Exploration Directorate. The two discussed the different missions NASA has underway to study changes in the Earth’s atmosphere, water and land masses for a climate change documentary that Mr. DiCaprio has in production. Using a wall-size, high-definition display system that shows visual representations based on actual science data, Mr. DiCaprio and Dr. Sellers discussed data results from NASA’s fleet of satellites in Earth’s orbit. The visual shows Hurricane Sandy. The visual uses data from Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) to simulate surface wind speeds across the Atlantic during Sandy’s lifecycle. svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=30465 During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio also visited the facility holding NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope that is being developed as a large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror. The telescope will be launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana in October of 2018, and will be a premier observatory of the next decade, serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Rebecca Roth NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  13. Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    Academy Award®- winning actor and environmental activist Leonardo DiCaprio visited NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland on Saturday, April 23, 2016. During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio interviewed Dr. Piers Sellers, an Earth scientist, former astronaut and current deputy director of Goddard’s Sciences and Exploration Directorate. The two discussed the different missions NASA has underway to study changes in the Earth’s atmosphere, water and land masses for a climate change documentary that Mr. DiCaprio has in production. Using a wall-size, high-definition display system that shows visual representations based on actual science data, Mr. DiCaprio and Dr. Sellers discussed data results from NASA’s fleet of satellites in Earth’s orbit. The background visual shows the biosphere with data from a NASA satellite instrument called the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS). svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=10704 During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio also visited the facility holding NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope that is being developed as a large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror. The telescope will be launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana in October of 2018, and will be a premier observatory of the next decade, serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Rebecca Roth NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  14. Investigation of chloride induced corrosion of bridge pier and life-cycle repair cost analysis using fiber reinforced polymer composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhakal, Dinesh

    Bridges are the long term investment of the highway agencies. To maintain the required service level throughout the life of a bridge, a series of maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation (MRℝ) works can be performed. To investigate the corrosion deterioration and maintenance and repair practices in the bridge pier columns constructed in chloride-laden environment, a questionnaire survey was conducted within the 50 state Departments of Transportation (DOTs). Based on the survey data, two corrosion deterioration phases were identified. They were corrosion crack initiation phase and corrosion propagation phase. The data showed that the mean corrosion crack initiation phase for bridge pier column having cover of 50 mm, 75 mm, and 100 mm was 18.9 years, 20.3 years, and 22.5 years, respectively. The corrosion propagation phase starts after the corrosion crack initiation. The corrosion propagation is defined in a single term, corrosion damage rate, measured as percentage of area damaged due to corrosion cracking, spalling, and delamination. From the survey, the corrosion damage rate was found 2.23% and 2.10% in the bridge pier columns exposed to deicing salt water and exposed to tidal splash/spray, respectively. For this study, two different corrosion damage rates were proposed before and after the repair criteria for minor damage repair as practiced by DOTs. This study also presents the collected data regarding the corrosion effectiveness of using sealers and coatings, cathodic protection, corrosion inhibitors, carbon fiber/epoxy composites, and glass fiber/epoxy composites as maintenance and repair technique. In this study, the cost-effectiveness of wrapping carbon fiber/epoxy composites and glass fiber/epoxy composites in bridge pier columns constructed in a chloride-laden environment was investigated by conducting life-cycle cost analysis. As a repair work, externally bonded two layer of carbon fiber/epoxy and glass fiber/epoxy composites were installed by wet

  15. Microplankton species assemblages at the Scripps Pier from March to November 1983 during the 1982-1984 El Nino event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reid, F. M. H.; Lange, C. B.; White, M. M.

    1985-01-01

    A semiweekly sampling program at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Pier was begun in 1983 during an El Nino event. Microplankton data for March to November 1983 show a temporal sequence of species assemblages of the 24 important taxa, with a residence time of 1 to 4 weeks. From March to early September, the assemblages consisted of typial neritic taxa. From mid-September to mid-November, the presence of oceanic warm-wave species was associated with positive temperature anomalies characteristic of the El Nino condition. During the period studied numerical abundances were low.

  16. Microplankton species assemblages at the Scripps Pier from March to November 1983 during the 1982-1984 El Nino event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reid, F. M. H.; Lange, C. B.; White, M. M.

    1985-01-01

    A semiweekly sampling program at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Pier was begun in 1983 during an El Nino event. Microplankton data for March to November 1983 show a temporal sequence of species assemblages of the 24 important taxa, with a residence time of 1 to 4 weeks. From March to early September, the assemblages consisted of typial neritic taxa. From mid-September to mid-November, the presence of oceanic warm-wave species was associated with positive temperature anomalies characteristic of the El Nino condition. During the period studied numerical abundances were low.

  17. Microplankton species assemblages at the Scripps Pier from March to November 1983 during the 1982-1984 El Nino event

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reid, F. M. H.; Lange, C. B.; White, M. M.

    1984-01-01

    A semiweekly sampling program at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography pier was begun in 1983 during an El Nino event. Microplankton data for March to November 1983 show a temporal sequence of species assemblages of the 24 important taxa, with a residence time of 1 to 4 weeks. From March to early September, the assemblages consisted of typical neritic taxa. From mid-September to mid-November, the presence of oceanic warm-wave species was associated with positive temperature anomalies characteristic of the El Nino condition. During the period studied numerical abundances were low.

  18. In Situ Generated Piers' Borane-Catalyzed Selective C-O Bond Cleavage of Sugars with Hydrosilanes.

    PubMed

    Chang, Sukbok; Zhang, Jianbo; Park, Sehoon

    2017-09-12

    Described herein is the Piers' borane (C6F5)2BH-catalyzed selective reduction of sugars with hydrosilanes. The hydrosilylative C-O bond cleavage of silyl-protected mono- and disaccharides in the presence of (C6F5)2BH catalyst, in situ generated from (C6F5)2BOH, takes place with excellent chemo- and regioselectivities to provide a range of polyols. Study of the substituent effects of sugars on the catalytic activity and selectivity revealed that the steric environment around the anomeric carbon (C1) is crucial. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. [Pier Luigi Viola and vinyl chloride: notes that were never published].

    PubMed

    Zocchetti, C; Bonetti, P

    2010-01-01

    The name and work of Pier Luigi Viola (1917-1985) are unequivocally connected with the history of the discovery of the toxic effects of vinyl chloride, cancer in particular. A biography and a bibliography of Professor Viola are still lacking but his work is well documented; equally well known is his professional career as an occupational physician who spent his entire working life as an employee of one single industrial group, Solvay; his work was dedicated firstly to taking care of the health of the workers of the Corporation and not only in Italy, and secondly to organizing the occupational health departments of all Solvay's establishments in Italy. This positive connection between occupational physician and scientist has recently been challenged in certain historical reconstructions of the discovery of vinyl chloride's carcinogenicity: in particular, these reconstructions (which we do not consider to be coherent with the facts) depict Viola as in constant conflict with his employer. As crucial support to this view are offered on the one hand a statement by Viola, in 1980, that "At the basis of every discovery there is frequently the poetical imagination of a researcher who is always alone in facing the difficulties of the research, difficulties that rise up against him like a wall reaching up to the sky"; and on the other the supposed failure to find some of Professor Viola's notes which should reflect his spiritual testimony, and from which should emerge "the suffering, the torments, and the pressures of that initial period". The true history is very different: the notes do exist: they were personally delivered to one of the authors (PB) by Viola's widow a few months after his death; they are in fact the first pages of a planned book on vinyl chloride that Viola never actually succeeded in writing. In these pages Viola developed some personal reflections from which it is clear that he was conscious of having been in the centre ofa fantastic adventure in the

  20. Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-09-28

    Academy Award®- winning actor and environmental activist Leonardo DiCaprio visited NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland on Saturday, April 23, 2016. During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio interviewed Dr. Piers Sellers, an Earth scientist, former astronaut and current deputy director of Goddard’s Sciences and Exploration Directorate. The two discussed the different missions NASA has underway to study changes in the Earth’s atmosphere, water and land masses for a climate change documentary that Mr. DiCaprio has in production. Using a wall-size, high-definition display system that shows visual representations based on actual science data, Mr. DiCaprio and Dr. Sellers discussed data results from NASA’s fleet of satellites in Earth’s orbit. The background image showing global sea surface circulation colored by temperature where reds are warm areas (32 degrees Celsius) and blues are cold regions (0 degrees Celsius). The data used for this visual is a joint MIT/JPL project called Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean, Phase II (ECCO2). For more info on this visual, svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/details.cgi?aid=3912 During his visit, Mr. DiCaprio also visited the facility holding NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope that is being developed as a large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror. The telescope will be launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana in October of 2018, and will be a premier observatory of the next decade, serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. Credit: NASA/Goddard/Rebecca Roth NASA image use policy. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission. Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook Find us on Instagram

  1. 76 FR 31851 - Safety Zone; Put-in-Bay Fireworks, Fox's the Dock Pier; South Bass Island, Put-in-Bay, OH

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Put-in-Bay Fireworks, Fox's the Dock Pier; South Bass Island, Put-in-Bay, OH AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The..., Put-in-Bay, Ohio. This Zone is intended to restrict vessels from portions of Lake Erie for the...

  2. A Comparative Analysis of the Factorial Structures of Two Administrations of the Piers-Harris Children's Self Concept Scale to One Group of Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platten, Marvin R.; Williams, Larry R.

    1979-01-01

    The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale was administered twice to a sample of elementary school pupils and both sets of data were factor analyzed. Results led the authors to question the factor stability of the instrument. (Items are included). (JKS)

  3. The UW Center for Photonics Instrumentation Education and Research (PIER): An Inquiry-Centered Graduate Training Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheinis, A. I.; Hooper, E. J.; Eliceiri, K. W.

    2010-12-01

    Experimental and/or applied optics is an indispensable part of many research enterprises in a wide range of disciplines, from astronomy to biology, mechanical engineering to medicine, chemistry to atmospheric science, etc. Many researchers have limited background in optics, making it difficult to train their graduate students comprehensively enough so that they in turn can be effective principal investigators in their own optics-based research activities. Even with a mentor who is an expert optical scientist, the traditional apprenticeship training model prevalent in many optics research programs leaves the students with the knowledge needed to execute the aims of their project but insufficient breadth and depth. The emerging University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Photonics Instrumentation Education and Research (PIER) seeks to address these problems by providing a comprehensive multidisciplinary training program for graduate students whose interests and research incorporate advanced optical science and engineering. In addition to coursework, which will comprise the Ph.D. minor, PIER will have an inquiry-based instrument lab to ensure students have an applied knowledge of optics. The heart of the program, this lab will allow teams of early-career graduate students to experience the entire arc of an optics research project, from design to evaluation, to building and testing, and finally application. The projects will be short in duration but focused real-world optical experiments which can be completed by a team at the end of the third year of graduate school, in addition to the usual coursework and beginning Ph.D. research in each student's home program.

  4. The Personalistic Pedagogy of Giorgio Agamben

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Thomas Erling

    2014-01-01

    Agamben's philosophy of education can be arrived at by focusing on the nexus of philology, philosophy and poetry that is prominent in his work. By exploring the functional and semantic reciprocity between these fields, one can identify diverse pedagogies: of language and the poetic voice, of infancy and history, of history redeemed (in the…

  5. The Personalistic Pedagogy of Giorgio Agamben

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Thomas Erling

    2014-01-01

    Agamben's philosophy of education can be arrived at by focusing on the nexus of philology, philosophy and poetry that is prominent in his work. By exploring the functional and semantic reciprocity between these fields, one can identify diverse pedagogies: of language and the poetic voice, of infancy and history, of history redeemed (in the…

  6. Low-Frequency Seismic Ground Motion At The Pier Positions Of The Planned Messina Straits Bridge For A Realistic Earthquake Scenario

    SciTech Connect

    Gusev, A. A.; Pavlov, V.; Romanelli, F.; Panza, G.

    2008-07-08

    We estimated longer-period (period T>0.5 s) components of the ground motion at the piers of the planned Messina straits bridge. As the shortest fault-to-site distance is only 3-5 km, the kinematic earthquake rupture process has to be described in a realistic way and thus, the causative fault is represented by a dense grid of subfaults. To model the 1908 event, we assume a Mw = 7 earthquake, with a 40x20 km rectangular fault, and pure reverse dip-slip. The horizontal upper side of the rectangle is at 3-km depth, and the N corner of the rectangle is just between the piers. For the fault nucleation point, the least favorable place is assumed and a randomized rupture velocity is used in a particular run. In a typical simulation, the fault motion is initially represented by the time history of slip in each of the subfaults and by the distribution of the final seismic moment among the subsources (forming 'asperities'), both generated as lognormal random functions. The time histories are then filtered in order to fit a chosen source spectral model. The parameters that are conditioning the random functions can be based on the bulk of published fault inversions, or reproduced from an earlier successful attempt to simulate ground motions in the epicentral zone of the 1994, M = 6.7 Northridge, California, earthquake. In the second step of calculations, the Green functions (for each subfault and pier combination) are calculated for a layered halfspace model of the pier foundation stratigraphy, using an advanced Green function calculator, that allows an accurate calculation over the entire relevant frequency band including static terms. Finally, the 3-components of the strong ground motion are obtained at the two piers through convolution and summation over the different subsources. We compare a set of response horizontal velocity spectra (PRV) obtained from our calculations with a reference PRV that is considered as a reasonable upper bound for the possible ground motion near

  7. 33 CFR 165.T09-0417 - Safety Zone; Put-In-Bay Fireworks, Fox's the Dock Pier, South Bass Island; Put-In-Bay, OH.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Safety Zone; Put-In-Bay Fireworks, Fox's the Dock Pier, South Bass Island; Put-In-Bay, OH. 165.T09-0417 Section 165.T09-0417 Navigation... Limited Access Areas Ninth Coast Guard District § 165.T09-0417 Safety Zone; Put-In-Bay Fireworks,...

  8. Usability and Feasibility of PIERS on the Move: An mHealth App for Pre-Eclampsia Triage

    PubMed Central

    Cloete, Garth; Dunsmuir, Dustin T; Payne, Beth A; von Dadelszen, Peter; Dumont, Guy A; Ansermino, J Mark

    2015-01-01

    Background Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal death and morbidity in low-resource countries due to delays in case identification and a shortage of health workers trained to manage the disorder. Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk (PIERS) on the Move (PotM) is a low cost, easy-to-use, mobile health (mHealth) platform that has been created to aid health workers in making decisions around the management of hypertensive pregnant women. PotM combines two previously successful innovations into a mHealth app: the miniPIERS risk assessment model and the Phone Oximeter. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the usability of PotM (with mid-level health workers) for iteratively refining the system. Methods Development of the PotM user interface involved usability testing with target end-users in South Africa. Users were asked to complete clinical scenario tasks, speaking aloud to give feedback on the interface and then complete a questionnaire. The tool was then evaluated in a pilot clinical evaluation in Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town. Results After ethical approval and informed consent, 37 nurses and midwives evaluated the tool. During Study 1, major issues in the functionality of the touch-screen keyboard and date scroll wheels were identified (total errors n=212); during Study 2 major improvements in navigation of the app were suggested (total errors n=144). Overall, users felt the app was usable using the Computer Systems Usability Questionnaire; median (range) values for Study 1 = 2 (1-6) and Study 2 = 1 (1-7). To demonstrate feasibility, PotM was used by one research nurse for the pilot clinical study. In total, more than 500 evaluations were performed on more than 200 patients. The median (interquartile range) time to complete an evaluation was 4 min 55 sec (3 min 25 sec to 6 min 56 sec). Conclusions By including target end-users in the design and evaluation of PotM, we have developed an app that can be easily integrated into health

  9. Water quality in Rhode River at Smithsonian Institution Pier near Annapolis, Maryland, January 1976 through December 1978

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cory, Robert L.; Dresler, P.V.

    1980-01-01

    Water temperature, salinity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, pH, and water level data were continuously monitored and recorded from the Smithsonian Institution pier near Annapolis, Md., from January 1976 through December 1978. Daily maximum and minimum values are tabulated and summarized, and monthly averages and extremes are presented. Water temperature ranged from 0.0 to 33.9 Celsius. Both high and low extreme values exceeded those recorded during the previous 6 years. Salinity patterns showed normal seasonal variations and were related to the Susquehanna River inflow, which controls the upper bay salinity. Salinity between 13 and 15 parts per thousand in November and December 1978 were the highest recorded over a 9-year period. Turbidity varied seasonally, with lowest values in winter and highest in spring. Dissolved oxygen ranged from 2.0 to 18.7 milligrams per liter. Large variations between summertime daily minima and maxima indicated the high state of eutrophication of the water being monitored. Hydrogen-ion activity (pH) ranged from 7.0 to 10.2 over the 3-year period. The pH changes reflect daily variation in partial pressure of carbon dioxide, which varies inversely with the dissolved oxygen. Water level variation at the monitoring site for the 3-year period was 1.89 meters, with highest water 0.59 meter above mean high water and lowest 0.83 meter below mean low water. An apparent decline of 0.07 meter below previously recorded mean high and mean low water was associated with stronger winds and a prevalance of westerly winds in February during the winter of 1976-1977. (USGS)

  10. Seasonal Variation in Coastal Air-Sea CO2 Exchange from the Scripps Pier in San Diego, California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ward, M.; Oechel, W. C.

    2016-02-01

    The world's oceans absorb approximately one-third of anthropogenic CO2 emissions and coastal waters could be responsible for 30% of this absorption. Consequently, there has been significant effort over the last few decades to understand the patterns and controls on air-sea exchange of CO2 (flux). CO2 fluxes can differ dramatically with changes in ambient meteorological and oceanographic conditions. As such, carbon exchange in coastal waters remains poorly understood due to their highly dynamic, heterogeneous nature. The analysis presented here measured CO2 fluxes over coastal waters from the Scripps Pier in San Diego, California continuously for 12 months using eddy covariance. These data show that the 2.5 km area of coastal sea represented by the eddy covariance tower act as a strong CO2 sink on an annual basis, but that this CO2 flux is highly temporally variable. Specifically, the summer and spring months act as strong sinks, while the winter months act as weak sinks to weak sources of CO2. This variation in CO2 exchange was explored by measuring a large number of physical and biological parameters for correlation comparisons. Among these parameters, wind speed and photosynthetically active radiation both demonstrated control over the CO2 flux to varying levels of significance over different temporal scales. While seasonal and monthly trends are apparent from the current data, further investigation is necessary to understand flux controls under shorter temporal periods (e.g., daily, hourly). Nonetheless, this study provides insight on the amount of carbon absorbed annually by productive coastal waters. Furthermore, understanding the regulatory mechanisms behind these fluxes can ultimately improve our global carbon models and future climate change projections.

  11. Three Dimensional Analysis of the Final Design of Pier Extensions and West Guide Wall to Mitigate Local Scour Risk at the BNSF Railroad Bridge Downstream of the Prado Dam Supplemental Report

    SciTech Connect

    Lottes, S. A.; Sinha, N.; Bojanowski, C.; Kerenyi, K.; Sharp, Jeremy

    2016-06-01

    This report is a supplement to a previous report [ref] covering optimization of wedge shaped pier extensions to streamline large bluff body piers as a local scour countermeasure for the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe (BNSF) Railroad Bridge over the Santa Ana River downstream of Prado Dam in Riverside County, CA. The optimized design was tested in a 1/30 scale physical model at U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) in Vicksburg, MS, and the optimized design was used as the base for the construction design. Constructability issues having to do with both materials and site conditions including access underneath the BNSF bridge yielded a construction design that required making the pier extensions wider and either moving the western curve of the west guide wall upstream or changing its geometry.

  12. Seasonal variation and potential sources of Cryptosporidium contamination in surface waters of Chao Phraya River and Bang Pu Nature Reserve pier, Thailand.

    PubMed

    Koompapong, Khuanchai; Sukthana, Yaowalark

    2012-07-01

    Using molecular techniques, a longitudinal study was conducted with the aims at identifying the seasonal difference of Cryptosporidium contamination in surface water as well as analyzing the potential sources based on species information. One hundred forty-four water samples were collected, 72 samples from the Chao Phraya River, Thailand, collected in the summer, rainy and cool seasons and 72 samples from sea water at Bang Pu Nature Reserve pier, collected before, during and after the presence of migratory seagulls. Total prevalence of Cryptosporidium contamination in river and sea water locations was 11% and 6%, respectively. The highest prevalence was observed at the end of rainy season continuing into the cool season in river water (29%) and in sea water (12%). During the rainy season, prevalence of Cryptosporidium was 4% in river and sea water samples, but none in summer season. All positive samples from the river was C. parvum, while C. meleagridis (1), and C. serpentis (1) were obtained from sea water. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first genetic study in Thailand of Cryptosporidium spp contamination in river and sea water locations and the first report of C. serpentis, suggesting that humans, household pets, farm animals, wildlife and migratory birds may be the potential sources of the parasites. The findings are of use for implementing preventive measures to reduce the transmission of cryptosporidiosis to both humans and animals.

  13. Using clinical symptoms to predict adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia: data from the PIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) study.

    PubMed

    Yen, Tin-Wing; Payne, Beth; Qu, Ziguang; Hutcheon, Jennifer A; Lee, Tang; Magee, Laura A; Walters, Barry N; von Dadelszen, Peter

    2011-08-01

    Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal morbidity. The clinical challenge lies in predicting which women with preeclampsia will suffer adverse outcomes and would benefit from treatment, while minimizing potentially harmful interventions. Our aim was to determine the ability of maternal symptoms (i.e., severe nausea or vomiting, headache, visual disturbance, right upper quadrant pain or epigastric pain, abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding, and chest pain or dyspnea) to predict adverse maternal or perinatal outcomes. We used data from the PIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) study, a multicentre, prospective cohort study designed to investigate the maternal risks associated with preeclampsia. Relative risks and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were assessed for each preeclampsia symptom and outcome pair. Of 2023 women who underwent assessment, 52% experienced at least one preeclampsia symptom, with 5.2% and 5.3% respectively experiencing an adverse maternal or perinatal outcome. No symptom and outcome pair, in either of the maternal or perinatal groups, achieved an area under the ROC curve value > 0.7, which would be necessary to demonstrate a discriminatory predictive value. Maternal symptoms of preeclampsia are not independently valid predictors of maternal adverse outcome. Caution should be used when making clinical decisions on the basis of symptoms alone in the preeclamptic patient.

  14. A Risk Prediction Model for the Assessment and Triage of Women with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in Low-Resourced Settings: The miniPIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) Multi-country Prospective Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Payne, Beth A.; Hutcheon, Jennifer A.; Ansermino, J. Mark; Hall, David R.; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bhutta, Shereen Z.; Biryabarema, Christine; Grobman, William A.; Groen, Henk; Li, Jing; Magee, Laura A.; Merialdi, Mario; Nakimuli, Annettee; Qu, Ziguang; Sikandar, Rozina; Sass, Nelson; Sawchuck, Diane; Steyn, D. Wilhelm; Widmer, Mariana; Zhou, Jian; von Dadelszen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Background Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia are leading causes of maternal mortality and morbidity, particularly in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). We developed the miniPIERS risk prediction model to provide a simple, evidence-based tool to identify pregnant women in LMICs at increased risk of death or major hypertensive-related complications. Methods and Findings From 1 July 2008 to 31 March 2012, in five LMICs, data were collected prospectively on 2,081 women with any hypertensive disorder of pregnancy admitted to a participating centre. Candidate predictors collected within 24 hours of admission were entered into a step-wise backward elimination logistic regression model to predict a composite adverse maternal outcome within 48 hours of admission. Model internal validation was accomplished by bootstrapping and external validation was completed using data from 1,300 women in the Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk (fullPIERS) dataset. Predictive performance was assessed for calibration, discrimination, and stratification capacity. The final miniPIERS model included: parity (nulliparous versus multiparous); gestational age on admission; headache/visual disturbances; chest pain/dyspnoea; vaginal bleeding with abdominal pain; systolic blood pressure; and dipstick proteinuria. The miniPIERS model was well-calibrated and had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC ROC) of 0.768 (95% CI 0.735–0.801) with an average optimism of 0.037. External validation AUC ROC was 0.713 (95% CI 0.658–0.768). A predicted probability ≥25% to define a positive test classified women with 85.5% accuracy. Limitations of this study include the composite outcome and the broad inclusion criteria of any hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. This broad approach was used to optimize model generalizability. Conclusions The miniPIERS model shows reasonable ability to identify women at increased risk of adverse maternal outcomes associated with the hypertensive

  15. The use of multi-band transmission data collected at Scripps pier in November 2006 for the investigation of aerosol characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Jong, Arie N.; van Eijk, Alexander M. J.; Fritz, Peter J.; Cohen, Leo H.; Moerman, Marcel M.

    2007-09-01

    The knowledge of the atmospheric aerosol characteristics is of great importance for the range performance of Infrared and Electro-Optical sensor systems. The composition, the concentration and the size distribution of aerosols determine their scattering behavior as function of wavelength and thus their attenuation of light beams. When studies are made on this attenuation, it is considered to be very useful to incorporate the spatial variation of the aerosol characteristics along the measurement path, such as found during a previous campaign, carried out over the San Diego Bay (August 2005). In a more recent experiment (November 2006) a trial was set-up at Scripps pier of the Institute of Oceanography near La Jolla (US-West Coast). This place is known for the high frequency of occurrence of hazy conditions, not only variable with location, but also in time. TNO did participate in this experiment with two Particle Measurement Systems (PMS), one on the shore and one at the end of the pier, a weather station and the Multi Spectral Radiometer Transmissometer (MSRT), used in previous trials. It was shown before, that the use of multi-band transmission data allows a more detailed analysis of the aerosol characteristics in the measurement path. The advantage of the MSRT concerns a larger measurement volume, thus providing a higher signal to noise (S/N) ratio and a shorter response time, compared to the in-situ PMS systems. A similar method, based on the spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient, has been used during the analysis of the data, collected in November 2006. In this paper representative data samples are presented, showing the variability of the transmission in each of the spectral bands. By using the weather data, a separation has been made between extinction by molecules and aerosols. A brief description is given of the retrieval method, just mentioned. The retrieved particle characteristics are compared to the data from the PMS systems, taking into

  16. Floating Double Deck Pier Fenders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    structure on one end and to an ultra-high molecular weight (UHMW) polymer face pad on the other end. The UHMW polymer face pad is designed to minimize...LS-DYNA Keyword User’s Manual, Volume I. Livermore : LSTC, 2007. Version 971. [6]. A tabulated formulation of hyperelasticity with rate effects

  17. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool. Benchmarking and Energy & Water Savings Tool in Dairy Plants (BEST-Dairy)

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Tengfang; Flapper, Joris; Ke, Jing; Kramer, Klaas; Sathaye, Jayant

    2012-02-01

    usage in individual dairy plants, augment benchmarking activities in the market places, and facilitate implementation of efficiency measures and strategies to save energy and water usage in the dairy industry. Industrial adoption of this emerging tool and technology in the market is expected to benefit dairy plants, which are important customers of California utilities. Further demonstration of this benchmarking tool is recommended, for facilitating its commercialization and expansion in functions of the tool. Wider use of this BEST-Dairy tool and its continuous expansion (in functionality) will help to reduce the actual consumption of energy and water in the dairy industry sector. The outcomes comply very well with the goals set by the AB 1250 for PIER program.

  18. Assessing the incremental value of blood oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in the miniPIERS (Pre-eclampsia Integrated Estimate of RiSk) Risk Prediction Model.

    PubMed

    Payne, Beth A; Hutcheon, Jennifer A; Dunsmuir, Dustin; Cloete, Garth; Dumont, Guy; Hall, David; Lim, Joanne; Magee, Laura A; Sikandar, Rozina; Qureshi, Rahat; van Papendorp, Erika; Ansermino, J Mark; von Dadelszen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Objectif : Évaluer la valeur cumulative de la saturation en oxygène (SaO(2)) à titre de facteur prédictif dans le cadre du modèle miniPIERS, soit un modèle de prévision des risques en ce qui concerne les issues indésirables chez les femmes ayant obtenu un diagnostic de trouble hypertensif de la grossesse (THG) dans des milieux qui ne disposent que de faibles ressources. Méthodes : Grâce à des données issues d’une cohorte prospective ayant porté sur 852 femmes hospitalisées en raison d’un THG, l’association entre la SaO(2) et les issues indésirables maternelles a été évaluée au moyen d’une régression logistique. Le modèle miniPIERS a été recalibré et élargi de façon à inclure la SaO(2). La valeur cumulative de l’ajout de la SaO(2) à ce modèle a été mesurée en ayant recours à l’indice NRI (net reclassification index), à la sensibilité, à la spécificité, aux coefficients de prévision d’un test positif et d’un test négatif et aux rapports de vraisemblance. Résultats : La SaO(2) < 93 % a été associée à un risque 30 fois plus élevé (IC à 95 %, 14 - 68) de constater une issue maternelle indésirable, par comparaison avec une SaO(2) > 97 %. Après avoir été recalibré et élargi, le modèle miniPIERS comprenant la SaO(2) (par comparaison avec le modèle ne comprenant pas la SaO(2)) présentait une sensibilité améliorée (32,8 % vs 49,6 %); cela a toutefois mené à une baisse minime de la spécificité (91,5 % vs 96,2 %) en présence d’un indice NRI de 0,122. Conclusion : La SaO(2) constitue un facteur prédictif indépendant significatif pour ce qui est du risque auquel sont exposées les femmes qui présentent un THG. L’ajout de la SaO(2) au modèle miniPIERS a mené à l’amélioration de la capacité de ce dernier à identifier correctement les patientes exposées à des risques élevés qui tireraient le plus avantage de la tenue d’interventions.

  19. The Merli-Missiroli-Pozzi Two-Slit Electron-Interference Experiment.

    PubMed

    Rosa, Rodolfo

    In 2002 readers of Physics World voted Young's double-slit experiment with single electrons as "the most beautiful experiment in physics" of all time. Pier Giorgio Merli, Gian Franco Missiroli, and Giulio Pozzi carried out this experiment in a collaboration between the Italian Research Council and the University of Bologna almost three decades earlier. I examine their experiment, place it in historical context, and discuss its philosophical implications.

  20. The Merli-Missiroli-Pozzi Two-Slit Electron-Interference Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosa, Rodolfo

    2012-06-01

    In 2002 readers of Physics World voted Young's double-slit experiment with single electrons as "the most beautiful experiment in physics" of all time. Pier Giorgio Merli, Gian Franco Missiroli, and Giulio Pozzi carried out this experiment in a collaboration between the Italian Research Council and the University of Bologna almost three decades earlier. I examine their experiment, place it in historical context, and discuss its philosophical implications.

  1. POL Pier Repairs, Lajes Field, Azores.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-02-01

    W.,all and Driving at the Other - Three Walls to Level thca Shoet Pillas IF JULY 1980 -DURING CONSTRUCTION P-6 "S,,,’ A 2.AYa. .-. . - - • 7 T 7 7...ENGINEERING COMMAND CHESAPEAKE DIVISION WASHINGTON * D.C. BY L_" a OLKO ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS * DESIGNERS , 15 WEST 36 STREET NEW YORK, N. Y. 10018...THIS PAGE .. . -. .. - . .. ..... . .> ;:. - . : . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .. ..-. ’ : ,_ ’ " " ’.- - ., L i a BLOCK 19 (Con’t) used by both the U.S

  2. 24 CFR 3285.303 - Piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the above table do not consider flood or seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas, the foundation support system is to be designed by a professional... seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas,...

  3. 24 CFR 3285.303 - Piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the above table do not consider flood or seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas, the foundation support system is to be designed by a professional... seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas,...

  4. 24 CFR 3285.303 - Piers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the above table do not consider flood or seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas, the foundation support system is to be designed by a professional... seismic loads and are not intended for use in flood or seismic hazard areas. In those areas,...

  5. Bioclastic turbiditic reservoirs: San Giorgio, Santa Maria Mare, Sarago Mare fields (Italy)

    SciTech Connect

    Heritier, F.E.; Soudet, H.; Richert, J.

    1987-05-01

    These three fields and the associated Mormora discovery are located along the coastline of the central Adriatic Sea or on the very proximate shelf south of Ancona. Geologically they belong to the Marches basin. These fields are situated on highly faulted northwest-trending anticlines which are related to a north-south shear zone under the disharmonic cover of late Miocene and early Pliocene shales. Oil and gas are contained in the Scaglia limestone formation of Late Cretaceous to Paleocene age whose reservoirs consist of high-energy bioclastic grainstones interbedded in open marine chalk deposits, and spread and deposited by turbiditic currents. The diagenesis of these bioclastic grainstones is closely related to the thickness and composition of the different beds and is chiefly located at the top and bottom of them. It is also related to the fluid content of the reservoir. Fracturing of these beds under the tectonic stresses is linked to the reservoir's characteristics and to the extension of consolidated facies by diagenesis. This fracturing is responsible for the production behavior of the different wells. Source rocks are the evaporitic shales of upper Miocene age, mature in the deeper part of the Marches basin under the upper Pliocene olistostromes.

  6. Giorgio Agamben and the Abandonment Paradigm: A New Form of Student Diversion in Public Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harbour, Clifford P.; Wolgemuth, Jennifer R.

    2013-01-01

    This article proposes a new paradigm to understand recent government policies that pose new barriers to student participation and divert students out of public higher education. We explain how the classic diversion paradigm, exemplified by Clark (1960) and Brint and Karabel (1989), is unable to account for this new form of student diversion. We…

  7. Giorgio Agamben and the Abandonment Paradigm: A New Form of Student Diversion in Public Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harbour, Clifford P.; Wolgemuth, Jennifer R.

    2013-01-01

    This article proposes a new paradigm to understand recent government policies that pose new barriers to student participation and divert students out of public higher education. We explain how the classic diversion paradigm, exemplified by Clark (1960) and Brint and Karabel (1989), is unable to account for this new form of student diversion. We…

  8. 78 FR 49121 - Safety Zone; Luna Pier Fireworks, Luna Pier, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-13

    ..., 2013. Enforcement of this zone is necessary to ensure the safety of life on the navigable waters of the United States immediately prior to, during, and immediately after the associated marine event. During the... immediately after the fireworks event. DATES: The regulation in 33 CFR 165.941(a)(16) will be enforced from 9...

  9. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-120 Mission Specialists Piers Sellers and Michael Foreman are in the Space Station Processing Facility for hardware familiarization. The mission will deliver the second of three Station connecting modules, Node 2, which attaches to the end of U.S. Lab. It will provide attach locations for the Japanese laboratory, European laboratory, the Centrifuge Accommodation Module and later Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules. The addition of Node 2 will complete the U.S. core of the International Space Station.

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2003-07-18

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-120 Mission Specialists Piers Sellers and Michael Foreman are in the Space Station Processing Facility for hardware familiarization. The mission will deliver the second of three Station connecting modules, Node 2, which attaches to the end of U.S. Lab. It will provide attach locations for the Japanese laboratory, European laboratory, the Centrifuge Accommodation Module and later Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules. The addition of Node 2 will complete the U.S. core of the International Space Station.

  10. [Blood circulation and the trinity. Medical antitrinitarians Michael Servet (1511-1553) and Giorgio Biandrata (1515-1588)].

    PubMed

    Bröer, Ralf

    2006-03-01

    This paper centers on the relationship between renaissance medicine and antitrinitarianism forming an important part of the radical reformation in 16th century. Antitrinitarians denied the theological concept of the triune Christian God. Modern antitriniarianism was first formulated by Michael Servetus, a Spanish physician. The doctrine soon won disciples in northern Italy (Padua, Pisa, Rome) and in some countries of eastern central Europe (Poland, Moravia, Transylvania). Physicians who believed in or sympathized with antitrinitarianism revolutionized the theory of blood flow. They developed new concepts leading to Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood. Parts of Servet's theory looked like Paracelsus's mystical idea of the eternal flesh of the body of Christ (Latin limbus aeternus), but later the medicine and natural philosophy of antitrinitarian physicians tended to be empiristic, rational and sometimes materialistic. They contributed heavily to the diffusion and physiological foundation of antitrinitarian concepts like unitarianism, tolerance and irenism.

  11. CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed - PIER Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect

    Eto, Joseph H.; Eto, Joseph H.; Lasseter, Robert; Schenkman, Ben; Klapp, Dave; Linton, Ed; Hurtado, Hector; Roy, Jean; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Stevens, John; Volkommer, Harry

    2008-07-25

    The objective of the CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed project was to enhance the ease of integrating small energy sources into a microgrid. The project accomplished this objective by developing and demonstrating three advanced techniques, collectively referred to as the CERTS Microgrid concept, that significantly reduce the level of custom field engineering needed to operate microgrids consisting of small generating sources. The techniques comprising the CERTS Microgrid concept are: 1) a method for effecting automatic and seamless transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation; 2) an approach to electrical protection within the microgrid that does not depend on high fault currents; and 3) a method for microgrid control that achieves voltage and frequency stability under islanded conditions without requiring high-speed communications. The techniques were demonstrated at a full-scale test bed built near Columbus, Ohio and operated by American Electric Power. The testing fully confirmed earlier research that had been conducted initially through analytical simulations, then through laboratory emulations, and finally through factory acceptance testing of individual microgrid components. The islanding and resychronization method met all Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1547 and power quality requirements. The electrical protections system was able to distinguish between normal and faulted operation. The controls were found to be robust and under all conditions, including difficult motor starts. The results from these test are expected to lead to additional testing of enhancements to the basic techniques at the test bed to improve the business case for microgrid technologies, as well to field demonstrations involving microgrids that involve one or mroe of the CERTS Microgrid concepts.

  12. Large scale clear-water local pier scour experiments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sheppard, D.M.; Odeh, M.; Glasser, T.

    2004-01-01

    Local clear-water scour tests were performed with three different diameter circular piles (0. 114, 0.305, and 0.914 m), three different uniform cohesionless sediment diameters (0.22, 0.80, and 2.90 mm) and a range of water depths and flow velocities. The tests were performed in the 6.1 m wide, 6.4 m deep, and 38.4 m long flume at the United States Geological Survey Conte Research Center in Turners Falls, Mass. These tests extend local scour data obtained in controlled experiments to prototype size piles and ratios of pile diameter to sediment diameter to 4,155. Supply water for this flow through flume was supplied by a hydroelectric power plant reservoir and the concentration of suspended fine sediment (wash load) could not be controlled. Equilibrium scour depths were found to depend on the wash load concentration. ?? ASCE.

  13. Measurement of scour-depth near bridge piers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Skinner, J.V.

    1986-01-01

    Because a free-running craft will be undesirably heavy and large, other methods of obtaining scour data are proposed. A tethered craft fitted with a controllable rudder and some methods of measuring scour at a point are presented for future study and development.

  14. Conceptual Designs for Berthing Pier Galleries and Deck Lighting.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-01

    CONCEI’FS I Ie ~ L ),I Ic L’ Outs(’I it S f0 to - h~o 1 11 t ’ p) i lI-s Hiypo r t ed )i p L, r :1i,1 1 0 1 t Ilt’ 1’jIL i llj, p1it’ tnt’ il is d tipo )01...le-stipportedI p)ieur alI teri te0. 2.4.2 F lo~jn _IIiY The gal I elC -v sct i On -1cci t fo0r t 11 flIoa t i ut ,p pie r i s s iila’Ir t o the con

  15. Implementing a Multiplexed System of Detectors for Higher Photon Counting Rates

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Schettini, Sergey V. Polyakov, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, Giorgio Brida , Stefania Castelletto, and Alan Migdall Abstract—Photon counting applications are...addition to the absolute limits imposed by these effects, in practice Giorgio Brida , Stefania Castelletto, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, and Valentina...secure quantum communication) and foundations of quantum mechanics. Giorgio Brida Giorgio Brida was born in Aosta, Italy, in 1965. He received the

  16. Flight Dynamics Performances of the MetOp A Satellite during the First Months of Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Righetti, Pier Luigi; Meixner, Hilda; Sancho, Francisco; Damiano, Antimo; Lazaro, David

    2007-01-01

    mission up to routine. The activities performed to validate all the Flight Dynamics functions, characterize the behaviour of the satellite and monitor the performances of the Flight Dynamics facility will be highlighted. The MetOp Flight Dynamics Operations team is led by Anders Meier Soerensen and composed by Pier Luigi Righetti, Francisco Sancho, Antimo Damiano and David Lazaro. The team is supported by Hilda Meixner, responsible for all Flight Dynamics validation activities.

  17. The Soviet System of Education. A PIER World Education Series Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovych, Erika; Levin-Stankevich, Brian

    This volume endeavors to provide comprehensive factual information on the Soviet system of education. Chapter 1 offers basic information on the Soviet Republics. Chapter 2 describes the foundations of Soviet Education. Chapter 3 describes preschool through upper secondary education including academic calendars and curriculum. Chapter 4,…

  18. Environmental Assessment, Demolish/Re-construct Pelican Pier and Seawall, MacDill AFB, Florida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-05-01

    Laguncularia racemosa) are the dominant species. Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle ) is also present at the waterward fringes of the community. The...mangroves have been negatively impacted by historic dredge and fill activities and the excavation of mosquito ditches. However, despite these JUNE...degraded somewhat by the excavation of mosquito ditches and the deposition of spoil within the wetlands. However, the large contiguous habitat area that

  19. Region 2 Port-area Investigation of Emissions Reduction (R2PIER)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Background Region 2 is home to the Port of New York and New Jersey (Port), the largest marine port on the East Coast and third largest in the nation. The Port is a concentrated source of diesel pollution, as more than 3 million containers move each year on diesel-powered ships, ...

  20. 78 FR 32274 - Scorpion Pier Replacement Project, Channel Islands National Park, Santa Barbara County, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Environmental Impact Statement. SUMMARY: Pursuant to Sec. 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), and pursuant to the Council on Environmental Quality Regulations (40 CFR part 1500-08... under NEPA. The lead state agency for environmental review under the California Environmental Quality...