Science.gov

Sample records for pilotage

  1. 32 CFR 700.856 - Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pilotage. 700.856 Section 700.856 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS The Commanding Officer Commanding Officers Afloat § 700.856 Pilotage. (a)...

  2. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage....

  3. 76 FR 62085 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-06

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee... the Federal Register of October 4, 2011, a notice announcing a Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee... authority of the Great Lakes Pilotage program. If you have been adversely affected by the one-day delay...

  4. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor. 401.400 Section 401.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage...

  5. 77 FR 24729 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ... our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Docket: For... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage...

  6. 78 FR 5474 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Docket... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage...

  7. 78 FR 38725 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... Register (73 FR 3316). Docket: For access to the docket to read documents or comments related to this... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage...

  8. 78 FR 54264 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-03

    ..., issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Docket: For access to the docket to read documents or... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee management; notice of Federal Advisory Committee meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage...

  9. 77 FR 33228 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Request for applicants. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard seeks applications for membership on the Great Lakes... of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes pilotage,...

  10. 78 FR 49544 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Request for applications. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard seeks applications for membership on the Great Lakes... of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes pilotage,...

  11. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  12. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  13. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  14. 75 FR 8728 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... (``Great Lakes Pilotage Ratemaking Methodology,'' 74 FR 35838), in accordance with requirements of 46 U.S.C... August 26, 2009 (74 FR 43148) and will be accepted until the position is filled. Procedural The meeting... Guard Marine Safety Unit Cleveland, 1055 E. 9th Street, Cleveland, OH 44114, in the main conference...

  15. 76 FR 50713 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ....Haviland@uscg.mil , or fax 202-372-1909. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Correction In proposed rule FR Doc... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 401 RIN 1625-AB70 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes AGENCY: Coast... pilotage on the Great Lakes. This correction provides four rows that were missing from Table 36 in...

  16. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Appeal § 1.03-50 Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage. Any person directly affected by a decision or action of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage, may make a formal appeal... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director,...

  17. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 121.347 Section 121.347 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No person may operate an airplane under VFR over... control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class...

  18. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 121.347 Section 121.347 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No person may operate an airplane under VFR over... control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class...

  19. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 121.347 Section 121.347 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No person may operate an airplane under VFR over... control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class...

  20. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 121.347 Section 121.347 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No person may operate an airplane under VFR over... control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class...

  1. Using a targeting metric to predict the utility of an EO imager as a pilotage aid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vollmerhausen, Richard H.; Bui, Trang

    2006-05-01

    Army aviators use both image intensified goggles and thermal imagers as night vision aids when flying helicopters at night. The Targeting Task Performance (TTP) metric can be used to predict how well these imagers support the pilotage task under different illumination and thermal contrast conditions. The TTP metric predicts the field performance of the Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System, the Apache Helicopter Pilot's Night Vision System, and the Advanced Helicopter Pilotage system. These three systems represent diverse technologies: image intensified goggles, a first generation thermal imager, and a second-generation thermal imager. The ability of the TTP metric to predict the behavior of these diverse systems is evidence of its suitability as a pilotage metric. This paper discusses the application of the TTP metric to helicopter pilotage. Data from field surveys of Army aviators are used to validate the use of the TTP metric to predict pilotage system performance. Since knowledge of scene contrast is necessary to make sensor design trades using the TTP metric, a discussion of the terrain thermal contrast available in the mid-wave and long-wave infrared is also provided.

  2. High-performance LLLTV CCD camera for nighttime pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, George M., Jr.

    1992-06-01

    Nighttime, nap-of-the-earth pilotage requires information from several sensors including thermal and image intensified sensors. Traditionally, the thermal imagery is displayed on a CRT; the image intensified imagery is displayed with a night vision goggle (NVG), a direct- view device worn immediately in front of the pilot''s eyes. If electronic output data from the image intensifier could be displayed on a CRT, the pilot''s safety and mission effectiveness would be greatly enhanced. Conventional approaches to using charge coupled devices fiberoptically coupled to image intensifier tubes have failed to provide the resolution, contrast, and sensitivity that pilots are accustomed to with night vision goggles. To produce image intensified sensors with performance comparable to an NVG, an intensified sensor that is optimized for coupling to solid state sensors and eliminates all fiberoptic-to-fiberoptic interfaces was fabricated. The Integrated Taper Assembly (ITA) sensor has a fiberoptic taper built into the vacuum of the image tube. The fiberoptic taper minifies the 18 or 25 millimeter (mm) output of the image intensifier tube to the 11 mm diagonal of the high resolution CCD. This requires one optical coupling -- at the CCD surface. By offering high resolution, high sensitivity, and a simplified optical path, the ITA image intensifier overcomes the shortcomings that normally limit the performance of intensified CCD cameras.

  3. 77 FR 47582 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjust; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-09

    ..., 2012 (77 FR 45539) proposing rate adjustments for pilotage services on the Great Lakes. The charge rate... of proposed rulemaking published in the Federal Register on August 1, 2012 (77 FR 45539) is corrected...-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The NPRM published August 1, 2012 (77 FR 45539) contains an...

  4. 78 FR 48374 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2014 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ..., 2008 issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). D. Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public.... Executive Order FR Federal Register GLPAC Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee MISLE Marine Information... water. While working in those undesignated areas, pilots must only ``be on board and available to...

  5. Helmet-Mounted Displays For Helicopter Pilotage: Design Configuration Tradeoffs, Analyses, And Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lohmann, Robert A.; Weisz, Alexander Z.

    1989-09-01

    Human engineering criteria applicable to the design of helmet mounted displays for use with night vision sensors, such as forward looking infra-red (FLIR) or low light level television (LLTV), are stated and reviewed. Systems requirements are presented which call for pilot operation at night that is as equivalent as practicable to flight under normal daytime visual rules. Requirements are developed that utilize head motion coupled to sensor movement to achieve the semblance of daytime pilotage while conducting operations at night under the cover of deep darkness. At the outset, salient factors are identified and prioritized which are applied to further design tradeoffs leading to helmet mounted visor displays. The prime design objectives being operational suitability, acceptability by the pilot community, reduced crew training requirements and minimal logistics support. In conclusion, alternate design configurations, computer analyses, operating experience, and pilot reaction are cited. Items to be addressed include: overall head supported weight, center-of-gravity, and other ergonomic factors affecting pilot acceptance: such as: comfort, eye-relief, total and instantaneous field of view, full or partial overlap of left-eye and right-eye fields of coverage, and head movement-to-sensor servo response. In addition, items of interest to the operating command: such as: training (ease or difficulty), maintenance of proficiency, and ease of viewing, will be discussed in light of data and operating experience from recently conducted flight trials. Finally, compatibility with nuclear biological and chemical (NBC) defense equipment and requirements, and laser eye protection will be discussed.

  6. Visual cues in low-level flight - Implications for pilotage, training, simulation, and enhanced/synthetic vision systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Foyle, David C.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Johnson, Walter W.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reviews some of the sources of visual information that are available in the out-the-window scene and describes how these visual cues are important for routine pilotage and training, as well as the development of simulator visual systems and enhanced or synthetic vision systems for aircraft cockpits. It is shown how these visual cues may change or disappear under environmental or sensor conditions, and how the visual scene can be augmented by advanced displays to capitalize on the pilot's excellent ability to extract visual information from the visual scene.

  7. An enhanced MMW and SMMW/THz imaging system performance prediction and analysis tool for concealed weapon detection and pilotage obstacle avoidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murrill, Steven R.; Jacobs, Eddie L.; Franck, Charmaine C.; Petkie, Douglas T.; De Lucia, Frank C.

    2015-10-01

    The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has continued to develop and enhance a millimeter-wave (MMW) and submillimeter- wave (SMMW)/terahertz (THz)-band imaging system performance prediction and analysis tool for both the detection and identification of concealed weaponry, and for pilotage obstacle avoidance. The details of the MATLAB-based model which accounts for the effects of all critical sensor and display components, for the effects of atmospheric attenuation, concealment material attenuation, and active illumination, were reported on at the 2005 SPIE Europe Security and Defence Symposium (Brugge). An advanced version of the base model that accounts for both the dramatic impact that target and background orientation can have on target observability as related to specular and Lambertian reflections captured by an active-illumination-based imaging system, and for the impact of target and background thermal emission, was reported on at the 2007 SPIE Defense and Security Symposium (Orlando). Further development of this tool that includes a MODTRAN-based atmospheric attenuation calculator and advanced system architecture configuration inputs that allow for straightforward performance analysis of active or passive systems based on scanning (single- or line-array detector element(s)) or staring (focal-plane-array detector elements) imaging architectures was reported on at the 2011 SPIE Europe Security and Defence Symposium (Prague). This paper provides a comprehensive review of a newly enhanced MMW and SMMW/THz imaging system analysis and design tool that now includes an improved noise sub-model for more accurate and reliable performance predictions, the capability to account for postcapture image contrast enhancement, and the capability to account for concealment material backscatter with active-illumination- based systems. Present plans for additional expansion of the model's predictive capabilities are also outlined.

  8. 32 CFR 700.856 - Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... provisions of this paragraph, see “Rules and Regulations Covering Navigation of the Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters,” (35 CFR Chapter I, subchapter C) which directs that the pilot assigned to a vessel in...

  9. 32 CFR 700.856 - Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... provisions of this paragraph, see “Rules and Regulations Covering Navigation of the Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters,” (35 CFR Chapter I, subchapter C) which directs that the pilot assigned to a vessel in...

  10. 32 CFR 700.856 - Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... provisions of this paragraph, see “Rules and Regulations Covering Navigation of the Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters,” (35 CFR Chapter I, subchapter C) which directs that the pilot assigned to a vessel in...

  11. 32 CFR 700.856 - Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... provisions of this paragraph, see “Rules and Regulations Covering Navigation of the Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters,” (35 CFR Chapter I, subchapter C) which directs that the pilot assigned to a vessel in...

  12. 76 FR 24505 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ..., travel time and delay/detention time using historical traffic records. New Business: Review of bridge.... Please note that the public comment period may end before the time indicated, following the last call for... times at the call of the Secretary. Further information about GLPAC is available by searching on...

  13. 76 FR 61370 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... Register (73 FR 3316). Docket: For access to the docket to read documents or comments related to this... ratemaking rule, the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which was published August 4, 2011 (76 FR 47095; correction, Aug. 16, 2011, 76 FR 50713. Status of the audits for the 2013 Appendix A ratemaking rule....

  14. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage....

  15. 75 FR 51191 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-19

    ...'' then click on the balloon shape in the ``Actions'' column. If you submit your comments by mail or hand... in the January 17, 2008 issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). D. Public Meeting We do not plan... was published on April 3, 2006 (71 FR 16501). Since then, rates have been reviewed under Appendix...

  16. 76 FR 6351 - Great Lakes Pilotage: 2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... calculating bridge hours for Areas 6, 7, and 8 but not in Areas 4 and 5. Under Step 1 of the Appendix C... bridge hours to determine total unit costs; Step 7: Divide prospective unit costs in Step 6 by the base... cost in Step 7. The base data used to calculate each of the eight steps comes from the 2010 Appendix...

  17. 75 FR 7958 - 2010 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... unit costs; Step 7: Divide prospective unit costs in Step 6 by the base period unit costs in Step 1; and Step 8: Adjust the base period rates by the percentage changes in unit cost in Step 7. The base... to get the expense multiplier for each area. Tables 5 through 7 show the Step 2 calculations. Table...

  18. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...; Step 6: Divide the result in Step 5 by projected bridge hours to determine total unit costs; Step 7... period rates by the percentage change in unit costs in Step 7. For example if the total economic costs... coordination with Canada using the following procedures: Step 1: Calculate the total economic costs for...

  19. Real-time image fusion: a vision aid for helicopter pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Moira I.; Ball, Andrew; Hooper, David

    2002-03-01

    This paper reports on the development of a real-time image fusion demonstration system using COTS technology. The system is designed to operate in a highly dynamic helicopter environment and across a challenging variety of operational conditions. The targeted application for the demonstrator system is low-level helicopter nap-of-the-earth flight, with particular emphasis being placed on providing improved pilot vision for an increased situational awareness capability. This work provides key technology assessment for the UK Ministry of Defence's Day/Night All Weather (D/NAW) helicopter program. The current operational requirement is to fuse imagery from two sensors - one a thermal imager, the other an image intensifier or visible band camera. However, provision has been made within the software and hardware architectures to support scaling to different cameras and further processors. Over the past two years the research has matured from algorithmic development and analysis using pre-registered recorded imagery to the current real-time image fusion demonstrator system which performs registration and warping prior to an adaptive image processing control scheme. This paper concentrates on the design and hardware implementation issues associated with the process of moving from experimental non real-time algorithms to a real-time image fusion demonstrator. Background information about the program is provided to help put the current system in context, and a brief overview of the algorithm set is also given. The design and hardware implementation issues associated with this scheme are discussed and results from initial field trials are presented.

  20. Real-time image fusion: a vision aid for helicopter pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Moira I.; Ball, Adrian N.; Hooper, David

    2002-07-01

    This paper reports on the development of a real-time image fusion demonstration system using COTS technology. The system is designed to operate in a highly dynamic helicopter environment and across a challenging variety of operational conditions. The targeted application for the demonstrator system is low-level helicopter nap-of-the-earth flight, with particular emphasis being placed on providing improved pilot vision for an increased situation awareness capability. This work provides key technology assessment for the UK Ministry of Defense's Day/Night All Weather helicopter program. The current operation requirement is to fuse imagery from two sensors - one a thermal imagery, the other an image intensifier or visible band camera. However, provision has been made within the software and hardware architectures to support scaling to different cameras and further processors. Over the past two years the research has matured from algorithmic development and analysis using pre-registered recorded imagery to the current real-time image fusion demonstrator system which performs registration and warping prior to an adaptive image processing control scheme. This paper concentrates on the design and hardware implementation issues associated with the process of moving from experimental non real-time algorithms to a real-time image fusion demonstrator. Background information about the program is provided to help put the current system in context, and a brief overview of the algorithm set is also given. The design and hardware implementation issues associated with this scheme are discussed and results from initial field trials are presented.

  1. 77 FR 45539 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... FR 3316). D. Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request.... Abbreviations AMOU American Maritime Officers Union CFR Code of Federal Regulations CPI Consumer Price Index FR... designated because they are open bodies of water. While working in those undesignated areas, pilots must...

  2. 76 FR 47095 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... the January 17, 2008 issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). D. Public Meeting We do not now plan... Code of Federal Regulations. CPI Consumer Price Index. FR Federal Register. NAICS North American... that review. The last full ratemaking established the current base rates in 2006 (final rule, 71...

  3. 77 FR 11752 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... Budget Reconciliation Act CPA Certified public accountant CPI Consumer Price Index FR Federal Register... (76 FR 47095). We received 10 comments on the proposed rule. No public meeting was requested and none... in 2006 (final rule, 71 FR 16501, April 3, 2006). Following the 2006 full ratemaking, and for...

  4. Route Recapitulation and Route Loyalty in Homing Pigeons: Pilotage From 25 km?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biro, Dora; Meade, Jessica; Guilford, Tim

    2006-01-01

    We utilised precision Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking to examine the homing paths of pigeons (Columba livia) released 20 times consecutively 25 km from the loft. By the end of the training phase, birds had developed highly stereotyped yet individually distinct routes home, with detailed recapitulation evident at each stage of the journey. Following training, birds also participated in a series of releases from novel sites at perpendicular distances of up to 3 km from their established routes. Results showed that subjects were attracted back to their established routes and recapitulated them from the point of contact. Naïve conspecifics (yoked controls) released from the same off-route sites confirmed that the experienced birds' route choices were not influenced by constraints exerted by terrain features, but that increased experience with the general area conferred a homing advantage in the form of more efficient flight tracks, even from these novel sites. Patterns in the paths taken by experienced birds to rejoin their established routes are discussed with reference to navigational mechanisms employed by homing pigeons in their familiar area.

  5. 78 FR 13521 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... Accountant CPI Consumer Price Index E.O. Executive Order FR Federal Register GLPA Canadian Great Lakes...--2013 Annual Review and Adjustment'' in the Federal Register (77 FR 45539). We received six comments on..., 5, and 7 have been designated by Presidential Proclamation, pursuant to the Act, to be waters...

  6. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall...

  7. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... information from any point en route by either of two independent systems. One of the means provided to comply... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS...

  8. 78 FR 12083 - Information Collection Request to Office of Management and Budget

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... approval of revisions to the following collection of information: 1625-0086, Great Lakes Pilotage. Our ICR... Title: Great Lakes Pilotage. OMB Control Number: 1625-0086. Summary: The Office of Great Lakes Pilotage is seeking a revision of OMB's current approval for Great Lakes Pilotage data collection...

  9. 46 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... mechanism for adjusting the base pilotage rates is discussed in Step 7 below. The required return, tax, and... of the base pilotage rates. Step 7: Adjustment of Pilotage Rates The final step in the Great Lakes... RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. A Appendix A to Part 404—Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology Step 1: Projection...

  10. 46 CFR 401.450 - Pilot change points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pilot change points. 401.450 Section 401.450 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.450 Pilot change points. A Registered...

  11. 78 FR 32410 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... elicited no comments. Information Collection Request Title: Great Lakes Pilotage. OMB Control Number: 1625... associations regulated by the Office of Great Lakes Pilotage and members of the public applying to become Great Lakes Registered Pilots. Abstract: The Office of Great Lakes Pilotage is seeking a revision of...

  12. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  13. 46 CFR 401.420 - Cancellation, delay or interruption in rendition of services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... services. 401.420 Section 401.420 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.420.... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 401.420, see the List of CFR Sections...

  14. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron...

  15. 46 CFR 401.405 - Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Lake Ontario. 401.405 Section 401.405 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.405 Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. Except as provided...

  16. 46 CFR 401.450 - Pilot change points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilot change points. 401.450 Section 401.450 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.450 Pilot change points. A Registered...

  17. 46 CFR 401.300 - Authorization for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Authorization for establishment of pools. 401.300 Section 401.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.300 Authorization for establishment...

  18. 46 CFR 401.300 - Authorization for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Authorization for establishment of pools. 401.300 Section 401.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.300 Authorization for establishment...

  19. 46 CFR 401.320 - Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... establish pools. 401.320 Section 401.320 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.320 Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools....

  20. 46 CFR 401.320 - Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... establish pools. 401.320 Section 401.320 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.320 Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools....

  1. 46 CFR 401.320 - Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... establish pools. 401.320 Section 401.320 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.320 Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools....

  2. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas B Appendix B to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas The...

  3. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas B Appendix B to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas The...

  4. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with the guidelines of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage... PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.100 Applicability of system of accounts and reports....

  5. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... the average annual compensation for first mates on U.S. Great Lakes vessels. For pilots providing... first mates on U.S. Great Lakes vessels. (4) Operating Profit/(Loss)—means Operating Revenue...

  6. 46 CFR 403.300 - Financial reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Financial reporting requirements. 403.300 Section 403.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Reporting Requirements § 403.300 Financial reporting requirements. (a)...

  7. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the... collection requirement. (b) Display. 46 CFR part of section where identified or described Current OMB...

  8. 46 CFR 401.200 - Application for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for registration. 401.200 Section 401.200 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.200 Application for registration. (a) An application for...

  9. 46 CFR 401.410 - Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River. 401.410 Section 401.410 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for...

  10. 46 CFR 403.105 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Records. 403.105 Section 403.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.105 Records. (a) Each Association shall maintain the general books of account and all...

  11. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a)...

  12. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation...

  13. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes...

  14. 46 CFR 401.260 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports. 401.260 Section 401.260 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of... service of a vessel in U.S. or Canadian waters of the Great Lakes shall be reported by the...

  15. 46 CFR 403.120 - Notes to financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notes to financial statements. 403.120 Section 403.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.120 Notes to financial statements. (a) All matters that are not...

  16. 46 CFR 401.407 - Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron, MI. 401.407 Section 401.407 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and...

  17. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any...

  18. 46 CFR 401.335 - Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization. 401.335 Section 401.335 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United...

  19. 46 CFR 401.330 - Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificates of Authorization. 401.330 Section 401.330 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... Director may prescribe, but shall describe the area of the Great Lakes in which the pool will...

  20. 46 CFR 401.320 - Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... establish pools. 401.320 Section 401.320 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.320 Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools....

  1. 14 CFR 121.349 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. 121... § 121.349 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by... person may conduct operations under VFR over routes that cannot be navigated by pilotage, or...

  2. 14 CFR 121.349 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. 121... § 121.349 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by... person may conduct operations under VFR over routes that cannot be navigated by pilotage, or...

  3. 14 CFR 121.349 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. 121... § 121.349 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by... person may conduct operations under VFR over routes that cannot be navigated by pilotage, or...

  4. 14 CFR 135.161 - Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... constraints make such communication impossible. (b) No person may operate an aircraft at night under VFR over... aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 135.161 Section 135.161 Aeronautics and... Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage....

  5. 14 CFR 135.161 - Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... constraints make such communication impossible. (b) No person may operate an aircraft at night under VFR over... aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 135.161 Section 135.161 Aeronautics and... Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage....

  6. 14 CFR 135.161 - Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... constraints make such communication impossible. (b) No person may operate an aircraft at night under VFR over... aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 135.161 Section 135.161 Aeronautics and... Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage....

  7. 14 CFR 135.161 - Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... constraints make such communication impossible. (b) No person may operate an aircraft at night under VFR over... aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 135.161 Section 135.161 Aeronautics and... Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage....

  8. 14 CFR 129.22 - Communication and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 129.22 Section 129.22 Aeronautics and... and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No foreign air carrier may operate a rotorcraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by...

  9. 14 CFR 135.161 - Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... constraints make such communication impossible. (b) No person may operate an aircraft at night under VFR over... aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 135.161 Section 135.161 Aeronautics and... Communication and navigation equipment for aircraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage....

  10. 14 CFR 129.22 - Communication and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 129.22 Section 129.22 Aeronautics and... and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No foreign air carrier may operate a rotorcraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by...

  11. 14 CFR 129.22 - Communication and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 129.22 Section 129.22 Aeronautics and... and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No foreign air carrier may operate a rotorcraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by...

  12. 46 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Operating Expenses (1) The Director projects the amount of vessel traffic annually. Based upon that... recognized operating expenses, the Director projects these expenses for each pilotage area. In doing so, the... ratemaking methodology is to project the amount of target pilot compensation that pilotage rates...

  13. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate...

  14. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate...

  15. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall...

  16. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall...

  17. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate...

  18. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall...

  19. 14 CFR 129.22 - Communication and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 129.22 Section 129.22 Aeronautics and... and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No foreign air carrier may operate a rotorcraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by...

  20. 14 CFR 129.22 - Communication and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. 129.22 Section 129.22 Aeronautics and... and navigation equipment for rotorcraft operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage. (a) No foreign air carrier may operate a rotorcraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by...

  1. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall...

  2. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate...

  3. 46 CFR 11.703 - Service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... nature of the waters for which pilotage is desired. (1) General routes (routes not restricted to rivers... which pilotage is desired. (2) River routes. The applicant must have at least 36 months service in the... holding a license or MMC endorsement as master or mate of inspected steam or motor vessels of over...

  4. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall...

  5. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate...

  6. 46 CFR 401.260 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of accident, location, time, prevailing weather, damage to the vessel or vessels or property, and.... Registered Pilot shall file with the Director any change of his or her mailing address within 15 days after the change. (c) Every authorized pilotage pool of U.S. Registered Pilots rendering pilotage...

  7. 46 CFR 401.260 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of accident, location, time, prevailing weather, damage to the vessel or vessels or property, and.... Registered Pilot shall file with the Director any change of his or her mailing address within 15 days after the change. (c) Every authorized pilotage pool of U.S. Registered Pilots rendering pilotage...

  8. 46 CFR 401.260 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of accident, location, time, prevailing weather, damage to the vessel or vessels or property, and.... Registered Pilot shall file with the Director any change of his or her mailing address within 15 days after the change. (c) Every authorized pilotage pool of U.S. Registered Pilots rendering pilotage...

  9. 33 CFR 25.119 - Proof of amount claimed for loss of, or damage to, property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., shedding, stevedoring, towage, pilotage, inspection, tolls, lockage, anchorage and moorage, grain elevation, storage, and customs fees. (f) For each item which is lost, actual or constructive, proof of ownership....

  10. 14 CFR Appendix B to Part 63 - Flight Navigator Training Course Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... symbols. Principles of pilotage. Dead reckoning 30 To include: Air plot. Ground plot. Calculation of ETA... bearings. Quadrantal correction. Plotting radio bearings. ICAO Q code for direction finding. Loran....

  11. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.340 Compliance with working rules of pools. (a) United States or Canadian registered...

  12. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.340 Compliance with working rules of pools. (a) United States or Canadian registered...

  13. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.310 Application for establishment of pools. An application by a voluntary association...

  14. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.340 Compliance with working rules of pools. (a) United States or Canadian registered...

  15. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.310 Application for establishment of pools. An application by a voluntary association...

  16. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.310 Application for establishment of pools. An application by a voluntary association...

  17. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.340 Compliance with working rules of pools. (a) United States or Canadian registered...

  18. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.310 Application for establishment of pools. An application by a voluntary association...

  19. 32 CFR 700.835 - Work, facilities, supplies, or services for other Government departments, State or local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... best interest of the United States: (i) Routine port services (including pilotage, tugs, garbage... Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED... instrumentalities of the United States, or state or local governments or private parties, until funds to cover...

  20. 46 CFR 401.451 - Pilot rest periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pilot rest periods. 401.451 Section 401.451 Shipping... Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.451 Pilot rest periods. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) Each Registered Pilot upon completing an assignment at...

  1. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provision for additional pilot. 401.425 Section 401.425... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.425 Provision for additional pilot. The... Authority, Ltd., Canada, may require the assignment of two pilots to a ship upon request of the ship or...

  2. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400... ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record pilotage transactions on a form approved by the Director. The approved form shall be issued to pilots...

  3. 46 CFR 401.710 - Operating requirements for holders of Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operating requirements for holders of Certificates of... SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Operating Requirements for U.S. Registered Pilots and Holders of... holders of Certificates of Authorization. Each holder of a Certificate of Authorization shall— (a)...

  4. 46 CFR 401.427 - Charge on past due accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charge on past due accounts. 401.427 Section 401.427... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.427 Charge on past due accounts. A charge of two percent (2%) per month shall be paid on the opening monthly balance on accounts...

  5. 46 CFR 401.211 - Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. 401.211 Section 401.211 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES.... Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 401.211, see the List of CFR Sections...

  6. 46 CFR 401.210 - Requirements and qualifications for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....210 Section 401.210 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT... gross tons, or over, operating on the Great Lakes or oceans. Those applicants qualifying with ocean... comparable experience on the Great Lakes. Those applicants qualifying with comparable experience must...

  7. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400... ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record pilotage transactions on a form approved by the Director. The approved form shall be issued to pilots...

  8. 46 CFR 401.451 - Pilot rest periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilot rest periods. 401.451 Section 401.451 Shipping... Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.451 Pilot rest periods. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) Each Registered Pilot upon completing an assignment at...

  9. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provision for additional pilot. 401.425 Section 401.425... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.425 Provision for additional pilot. The... Authority, Ltd., Canada, may require the assignment of two pilots to a ship upon request of the ship or...

  10. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.340 Compliance with working rules of pools. (a) United States or Canadian registered...

  11. 46 CFR 401.300 - Authorization for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authorization for establishment of pools. 401.300... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.300 Authorization for establishment of pools. (a) Voluntary associations of U.S. registered...

  12. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section... PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots § 401.310 Application for establishment of pools. An application by a voluntary association...

  13. 33 CFR 83.29 - Pilot vessels (Rule 29).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NAVIGATION RULES RULES Lights and Shapes § 83.29 Pilot vessels (Rule 29). (a) Vessels engaged on pilotage...), the anchor light, lights, or shape prescribed in Rule 30 for anchored vessels. (b) Vessels when not... shapes prescribed for a vessel of her length....

  14. 46 CFR 401.630 - Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination. 401.630 Section 401.630 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Registration § 401.630 Appearance, testimony, and cross-examination. (a) The U.S. Registered Pilot may...

  15. 75 FR 6677 - Information Collection Request to Office of Management and Budget; OMB Control Number: 1625-0086

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Information Collection Request to Office of Management and Budget; OMB Control Number... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). Information Collection Request Title: Great Lakes Pilotage. OMB Control... Collection Request (ICR) and Analysis to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requesting an extension...

  16. Target identification and navigation performance modeling of a passive millimeter wave imager.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Eddie L; Furxhi, Orges

    2010-07-01

    Human task performance using a passive interferometric millimeter wave imaging sensor is modeled using a task performance modeling approach developed by the U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate. The techniques used are illustrated for an imaging system composed of an interferometric antenna array, optical upconversion, and image formation using a shortwave infrared focal plane array. Two tasks, target identification and pilotage, are modeled. The effects of sparse antenna arrays on task performance are considered. Applications of this model include system trade studies for concealed weapon identification, navigation in fog, and brownout conditions. PMID:20648126

  17. Target identification and navigation performance modeling of a passive millimeter wave imager.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Eddie L; Furxhi, Orges

    2010-07-01

    Human task performance using a passive interferometric millimeter wave imaging sensor is modeled using a task performance modeling approach developed by the U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate. The techniques used are illustrated for an imaging system composed of an interferometric antenna array, optical upconversion, and image formation using a shortwave infrared focal plane array. Two tasks, target identification and pilotage, are modeled. The effects of sparse antenna arrays on task performance are considered. Applications of this model include system trade studies for concealed weapon identification, navigation in fog, and brownout conditions.

  18. DVE: ground and airborne visualization functionalities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barratt, Nick; Mise, Olegs; Franklin, Dustin; Preece, Andy; Schaffer, Larry

    2014-06-01

    This paper describes functional blocks (hardware and software functionalities) applicable to several forms of indirect vision enhancement in DVE (Degraded Vision Environment for pilotage, Driver's Vision Enhancement for ground vehicle Situational Awareness). These functionalities are the result of the increased processing power of General Purpose Graphics Processing Units (GPGPUs) and improvements in mosaic stitch processing, image fusion and analytics of both live and synthetic imagery. We deploy GPUs into low-latency embedded systems with decreased SWaP (Size, Weight and Power) and high-bandwidth interconnectivity via RDMA (Remote Direct Memory Access).

  19. Captain Edmond Halley, F.R.S., Royal Navy, and the practice of navigation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waters, D. W.

    Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, Astronomer Royal (1720 - 42), is rarely thought of or mentioned as a sea captain or a scientific seaman. Yet his shiphandling in the course of three voyages in command of Their Majesties' Pink Paramore (1698 - 1701) is in itself proof that his seamanship was of the highest order. Similarly, the practical innovations that he made in the arts of navigation and pilotage, in the form of printed sea charts and sailing directions, were fundamentally scientific and therefore remain relevant today.

  20. Artificial intelligence and simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Holmes, W.M.

    1985-01-01

    The research and development of AI are discussed. Papers are presented on an expert system for chemical process control, an ocean surveillance information fusion expert system, a distributed intelligence system and aircraft pilotage, a procedure for speeding innovation by transferring scientific knowledge more quickly, and syntax programming, expert systems, and real-time fault diagnosis. Consideration is given to an expert system for modeling NASA flight control room usage, simulating aphasia, a method for single neuron recognition of letters, numbers, faces, and certain types of concepts, integrating AI and control system approach, testing an expert system for manufacturing, and the human memory.

  1. Almaz

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Viter, V.

    1993-01-01

    The basic data of the automatic space station ALMAZ-1B is overviewed, including the orbit parameters and maximum power. The principal technical characteristics of its remote sensing equipment is listed for the synthetic aperture and side-looking radar, optoelectronic equipment for stereophotography, high-resolution electronic scanner, middle-resolution optomechanical scanner, spectroradiometer for ocean satellite monitoring, and information transmission and reception. The main objectives and uses of the ALMAZ-1B information are cartography, land monitoring, geology, ecological monitoring, oceanology, pilotage, fishery, and information supply during an emergency such as controlling situation in natural disasters.

  2. The history of passive millimetre-wave imaging at QinetiQ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Appleby, R.

    2008-10-01

    A review of the equipments developed between 1950 and 2008 is given. In the 1950s the first airborne 35 GHz radiometer was flight tested on a Lincoln bomber. Initial results were encouraging but radar and thermal imaging were becoming established and offered more general utility. The technology was based on valves and the equipment occupied a large part of the rear of the aircraft. As semiconductor technology matured and gave rise to low noise mixers and amplifiers, new equipments were developed. In 1992, MITRE, a 94 GHz data collection system based on superheterodyne receivers, provided non real time high quality imagery and stimulated interest in both surveillance and security, with images through fog and clothing being demonstrated. More recently real time imaging based on a folded conically scanned Schmidt camera has been developed for helicopter pilotage and surveillance.

  3. HMI aspects of the usage of ladar 3D data in pilot DVE support systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Münsterer, Thomas; Völschow, Philipp; Singer, Bernhard; Strobel, Michael; Kramper, Patrick; Bühler, Daniel

    2015-06-01

    The paper discusses specifics of high resolution 3D sensor systems employed in helicopter DVE support systems and the consequences for the resulting HMI. 3D sensors have a number of specifics making them a cornerstone for helicopter pilot support or pilotage systems intended for use in DVE. Retrieving depth information gives specific advantages over 2D imagers. On the other hand certain technology and physics inherent specifics require a more elaborate visualization procedure compared to 2D image visualization. The goal of all displayed information has to be to reduce pilots workload in DVE operations. Therefore especially for displaying the processed information on an HMD as 3D conformal data requires thorough HMI considerations.

  4. S. 1461: Oil Tanker Navigation Safety Act of 1989. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, August 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This bill would enhance the navigation safety of oil tankers. Title I, Provisions applicable to nationally licensed personnel, explains provisions relating to motor vehicle driving records of vessel personnel; dangerous drugs and other grounds for suspension or revocation; alcohol testing and alcohol rehabilitation; prohibition on service; vessel traffic services; oil tanker construction and size; oil spill contingency plans and approval; international inventory of equipment and contractors; national council on oil spill technology research and development; oil spill disaster assistance; impact on other laws; penalties; and a report on user fees. Title II, Provisions applicable with respect to Alaska pilotage at Port of Valdez, includes explanations of Bligh reef light; Prince William Sound VTS; oil spill recovery institute; and the Trans-Alaska pipeline liability fund. Title III, Provisions applicable to Mississippi River radio communications on Mississippi River, is also included.

  5. Aircrew laser eye protection: visual consequences and mission performance.

    PubMed

    Thomas, S R

    1994-05-01

    Battlefield laser proliferation poses a mounting risk to aircrew and ground personnel. Laser eye protection (LEP) based on current mature, mass-producible technologies absorbs visible light and can impact visual performance and color identification. These visual consequences account for many of the mission incompatibilities associated with LEP. Laboratory experiments and field investigations that examined the effects of LEP on visual performance and mission compatibility are reviewed. Laboratory experiments assessed the ability of subjects to correctly read and identify the color of head-down display symbology and tactical pilotage charts (TPC's) with three prototype LEP visors. Field investigations included Weapons Systems Trainer (WST), ground, and flight tests of the LEP visors. Recommendations for modifying aviation lighting systems to improve LEP compatibility are proposed. Issues concerning flight safety when using LEP during air operation are discussed.

  6. Survey results for integrated helmet and display sighting system fitting issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiatt, Keith L.; Rash, Clarence E.; Braithwaite, Malcolm G.; Isaak, Melissa L.; Stelle, Jessica A.; Adams, Mark S.

    2003-09-01

    The Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS), employed in the U.S. Army's AH-64 Apache helicopter, is used to present pilotage and targeting imagery and symbology. Therefore, in addition to the standard comfort and protection requirements of a helmet system, the IHADSS must provide a stable optical alignment. Fielded in the early 1980's, the IHADSS is still the Army's only integrated helmet-mounted display (HMD). In an attempt to perform both the standard protective role of a helmet and to serve as a mounting platform for an optical sight, the IHADSS had to make certain design compromises that have resulted in some user satisfaction issues. A joint survey of U.S. and U.K. AH-64 aviators was conducted to identify and quantify these issues. Survey findings indicated that while a majority of aviators found the quality, comfort and satisfaction of fit to be acceptable, a significant proportion of aviators have encountered problems associated with obtaining proper helmet size, availability of replacement components, and substantial variation in fitting expertise. Results of this survey can assist in ongoing and future HMD helmet system designs.

  7. CMS Preprocessing Subsystem user`s guide. Software version 1.2

    SciTech Connect

    Didier, B.T.; Gash, J.D.; Greitzer, F.L.; Havre, S.L.; Ramsdell, J.V.; Turney, C.R.

    1993-10-01

    The Common Mapping Standard (CMS) Data Production System (CDPS) produces and distributes CMS data in compliance with the Common Mapping Standard Interface Control Document, Revision 2.2. Historically, tactical mission planning systems have been the primary clients of CMS data. CDPS is composed of two subsystems, the CMS Preprocessing Subsystem (CPS) and the CMS Distribution Subsystem (CDS). This guide describes the operation of CPS, which is responsible for the management of source data and the production of CMS data from source data. The CPS system was developed for use on a workstation running Ultrix 4.2, and X Window System Version X11R4, and Motif Version 1.1. This subsystem is organized into four major functional groups: CPS Executive; Manage Source Data; Manage CMS Data Preprocessing; and CPS System Utilities. CPS supports the production of CMS data from the following source chart, image, and elevation data products: Global Navigation Chart; Jet Navigation Chart; Operational Navigation Chart; Tactical Pilotage Chart; Joint Operations Graphics-Air; Topographic Line Map; ARC Digital Raster Imagery; Digital Terrain Elevation Data (Level 1); and Low Flying Chart.

  8. Navigation in Animals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, G. V. T.

    This paper was first published in the Journal in 1969 (Vol. 22, p. 118). It is followed by comments from John Kemp.The last twenty-one years have seen some very striking advances in our knowledge of how animals can determine their location. In many cases we have learned that they have available a wider range of stimuli than ourselves for recognizing landmarks and for pilotage within their home area. Thus the associated senses of smell and taste are extraordinarily well developed in some species. The ability of the males of certain moths to detect the scent emitted by females at very considerable distances had long been known. More recently the extreme sensitivity, and selectivity, of fish to waterborne odours has led to an understanding of how they locate their home waters. As but one example, eels have shown reactions to concentrations of chemicals as low as 3 18, equivalent to but two or three molecules within the fish's olfactory sac. In other cases animals have developed sensitivities of which we have little or no conception. Ecolocation is employed by certain birds, by many marine animals and reaches a peak of efficiency in the case of bats. Not only do the latter detect sounds of much higher frequency than ourselves, they also respond to echoes of sounds they emitted but 0·001 seconds earlier. We have little appreciation of the sensations produced by the pressure-receptors in the lateral-line organs of fish.

  9. Perceptual issues for color helmet-mounted displays: luminance and color contrast requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harding, Thomas H.; Rash, Clarence E.; Lattimore, Morris R.; Statz, Jonathan; Martin, John S.

    2016-05-01

    Color is one of the latest design characteristics of helmet-mounted displays (HMDs). It's inclusion in design specifications is based on two suppositions: 1) color provides an additional method of encoding information, and 2) color provides a more realistic, and hence more intuitive, presentation of information, especially pilotage imagery. To some degree, these two perceived advantages have been validated with head-down panel-mounted displays, although not without a few problems associated with visual physiology and perception. These problems become more prevalent when the user population expands beyond military aviators to a general user population, of which a significant portion may have color vision deficiencies. When color is implemented in HMDs, which are eyes-out, see-through displays, visual perception issues become an increased concern. A major confound with HMDs is their inherent see-through (transparent) property. The result is color in the displayed image combines with color from the outside (or in-cockpit) world, possibly producing a false perception of either or both images. While human-factors derived guidelines based on trial and error have been developed, color HMD systems still place more emphasis on colorimetric than perceptual standards. This paper identifies the luminance and color contrast requirements for see-through HMDs. Also included is a discussion of ambient scene metrics and the choice of symbology color.

  10. Route following and the pigeon's familiar area map.

    PubMed

    Guilford, Tim; Biro, Dora

    2014-01-15

    Homing pigeons (Columba livia) have been the central model of avian navigation research for many decades, but only more recently has research extended into understanding their mechanisms of orientation in the familiar area. The discovery (facilitated by GPS tracking) that pigeons gradually acquire with experience individually idiosyncratic routes home to which they remain faithful on repeated releases, even if displaced off-route, has helped uncover the fundamental role of familiar visual landmarks in the avian familiar area map. We evaluate the robustness and generality of the route-following phenomenon by examining extant studies in depth, including the single published counter-example, providing a detailed comparison of route efficiencies, flight corridor widths and fidelity. We combine this analysis with a review of inferences that can be drawn from other experimental approaches to understanding the nature of familiar area orientation in pigeons, including experiments on landmark recognition, and response to clock-shift, to build the first detailed picture of how bird orientation develops with experience of the familiar area. We articulate alternative hypotheses for how guidance might be controlled during route following, concluding that although much remains unknown, the details of route following strongly support a pilotage interpretation. Predictable patterns of efficiency increase, but limited to the local route, typical corridor widths of 100-200 m, high-fidelity pinch-points on route, attraction to landscape edges, and a robustness to clock-shift procedures, all demonstrate that birds can associatively acquire a map of their familiar area guided (at least partially) by direct visual control from memorised local landscape features.

  11. Distributed-aperture infrared sensor systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brusgard, Thomas C.

    1999-07-01

    The on-going maturation of electro-optic technology in which the advent of third generation focal plane array is being combined with the capabilities of increasingly powerful signal processing algorithm now points to a new direction in design of electro-optic sensor system for both military and non-military applications. Taking advantage of those advances. Distributed Aperture IR Sensor systems (DAIRS) are currently in development within the Defense Department for installation in a variety of platforms for utilization in a wide variety of tactical scenarios. DAIRS employs multiple fixed identical sensor to obtain the functionality that was previously obtained using specialized sensors for each function. In its role in tactical scenarios. DAIRS employs multiple fixed identical sensor to obtain the functionality that was previously obtained using specialized sensor for each function. In its role in tactical aircraft, DAIRS uses an array of six strategically located sensors which provide 4(pi) steradian sensor coverage, i.e., full sphere situational awareness (SA), to the aircrew. That awareness provides: missile threat warning, IR Search and Track, battle damage assessment, targeting assistance, and pilotage. DAIRS has applicability in providing expanded SA for surface ships, armored land vehicles and unmanned air combat vehicles. A typical sensor design has less than twenty-five percent of the weight, volume, and electrical power demand of current federated airborne IR sensor system and can become operational with a significant reduction in lifetime system cost. DAIRS, when combined with autocueing, may have a significant role in technological advancement of aircraft proximity warning system for in-flight collision avoidance. DAIRS is currently founded in part by the Office of Naval Research which will result in the IR Distributed Aperture System (MIDAS), which is funded as a Navy Advanced Technology Demonstration, the DAIRS will undergo airborne testing using four

  12. Optimized MCT IR-modules for high-performance imaging applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breiter, R.; Eich, D.; Figgemeier, H.; Lutz, H.; Wendler, J.; Rühlich, I.; Rutzinger, S.; Schallenberg, T.

    2014-06-01

    In today's typical military operations situational awareness is a key element for mission success. In contrast to what is known from conventional warfare with typical targets such as tanks, asymmetric scenarios now dominate military operations. These scenarios require improved identification capabilities, for example the assessment of threat levels posed by personnel targets. Also, it is vital to identify and reliably distinguish between combatants, non-combatants and friendly forces. To satisfy these requirements, high-definition (HD) large format systems are well suited due to their high spatial and thermal resolution combined with high contrast. Typical applications are sights for long-range surveillance, targeting and reconnaissance platforms as well as rotorcraft pilotage sight systems. In 2012 AIM presented first prototypes of large format detectors with 1280 × 1024 elements in a 15μm pitch for both spectral bands MWIR and LWIR. The modular design allows integration of different cooler types, like AIM's split linear coolers SX095 or SX040 or rotary integral types depending whatever fits best to the application. Large format FPAs have been fabricated using liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) grown MCT. To offer high resolution in a more compact configuration AIM started the development of a 1024 × 768 10μm pitch IRmodule. Keeping electro/optical performance is achieved by a higher specific charge handling capacity of the readout integrated circuit (ROIC) in a 0.18μm Si CMOS technology. The FPA size fits to a dewar cooler configuration used for 640 × 512 15μm pitch modules.

  13. Small pixel pitch MCT IR-modules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutz, H.; Breiter, R.; Eich, D.; Figgemeier, H.; Fries, P.; Rutzinger, S.; Wendler, J.

    2016-05-01

    It is only some years ago, since VGA format detectors in 15μm pitch, manufactured with AIM's MCT n-on-p LPE standard technology, have been introduced to replace TV/4 format detector arrays as a system upgrade. In recent years a rapid increase in the demand for higher resolution, while preserving high thermal resolution, compactness and low power budget is observed. To satisfy these needs AIM has realized first prototypes of MWIR XGA format (1024x768) detector arrays in 10μm pitch. They fit in the same compact dewar as 640x512, 15μm pitch detector arrays. Therefore, they are best suited for system upgrade purposes to benefit from higher spatial resolution and keep cost on system level low. By combining pitch size reduction with recent development progress in the fields of miniature cryocoolers, short dewars and high operating temperatures the way ahead to ultra-compact high performance MWIR-modules is prepared. For cost reduction MBE grown MCT on commercially available GaAs substrates is introduced at AIM. Recently, 640x512, 15μm pitch FPAs, grown with MBE have successfully passed long-term high temperature storage tests as a crucial step towards serial production readiness level for use in future products. Pitch size reduction is not limited to arrays sensitive in the MWIR, but is of great interest for high performance LWIR or 3rd Gen solutions. Some applications such as rotorcraft pilotage require superior spatial resolution in a compact design to master severe weather conditions or degraded visual environment such as brown-out. For these applications AIM is developing both LWIR as well as dual band detector arrays in HD-format (1280x720) with 12μm pitch. This paper will present latest results in the development of detector arrays with small pitch sizes of 10μm and 12μm at AIM, together with their usage to realize compact cooled IR-modules.

  14. Application d'une technique de modelisation aerodynamique conceptuelle sur la simulation d'un pilote automatique a commande optimale pour un avion d'affaires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pollender-Moreau, Olivier

    Ce document présente, dans le cadre d'un contexte conceptuel, une méthode d'enchaînement servant à faire le lien entre les différentes étapes qui permettent de réaliser la simulation d'un aéronef à partir de ses données géométriques et de ses propriétés massiques. En utilisant le cas de l'avion d'affaires Hawker 800XP de la compagnie Hawker Beechcraft, on démontre, via des données, un processus de traitement par lots et une plate-forme de simulation, comment (1) modéliser la géométrie d'un aéronef en plusieurs surfaces, (2) calculer les forces aérodynamiques selon une technique connue sous le nom de Vortex Lattice Method, (3) construire un modèle de vol servant à la simulation des aéronefs pour leur enveloppe de vol en ajoutant des fonctions supplémentaires, (4) construire un modèle de turbosoufflante simplifié, (5) développer un algorithme d'équilibre (trim) du mouvement longitudinal, (6) développer des algorithmes de contrôle à commande moderne, (7) développer certaines fonctions d'un système de pilotage automatique, et (8) rassembler le tout sous une même plate-forme de simulation. Afin de supporter ce travail, une application publique Matlab, connue sous le nom de Tornado, est utilisée conjointement avec d'autres fonctions pour la conception du modèle de vol aérodynamique. D'ailleurs, il sera démontré que le modèle de vol, quoiqu'il soit quand même crédible, ne concorde pas tout à fait avec les données de référence. Par contre, puisque le modèle des moteurs fonctionne bien, que l'algorithme d'équilibrage du mouvement longitudinal fonctionne bien et que les pôles des systèmes dynamiques concordent avec la littérature, les tests dynamiques effectués au sein de la plate-forme de simulation permettent d'obtenir des résultats fonctionnels et crédibles. D'ailleurs, deux systèmes d'augmentation de la stabilité basés sur la méthode de contrôle moderne LQR et couvrant l

  15. Low dark current MCT-based focal plane detector arrays for the LWIR and VLWIR developed at AIM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gassmann, Kai Uwe; Eich, Detlef; Fick, Wolfgang; Figgemeier, Heinrich; Hanna, Stefan; Thöt, Richard

    2015-10-01

    For nearly 40 years AIM develops, manufactures and delivers photo-voltaic and photo-conductive infrared sensors and associated cryogenic coolers which are mainly used for military applications like pilotage, weapon sights, UAVs or vehicle platforms. In 2005 AIM started to provide the competences also for space applications like IR detector units for the SLSTR instrument on board of the Sentinel 3 satellite, the hyperspectral SWIR Imager for EnMAP or pushbroom detectors for high resolution Earth observation satellites. Meanwhile AIM delivered more than 25 Flight Models for several customers. The first European pulse-tube cooler ever operating on-board of a satellite is made by AIM. AIM homes the required infrared core capabilities such as design and manufacturing of focal plane assemblies, detector housing technologies, development and manufacturing of cryocoolers and also data processing for thermal IR cameras under one roof which enables high flexibility to react to customer needs and assures economical solutions. Cryogenically cooled Hg(1-x)CdxTe (MCT) quantum detectors are unequalled for applications requiring high imaging as well as high radiometric performance in the infrared spectral range. Compared with other technologies, they provide several advantages, such as the highest quantum efficiency, lower power dissipation compared to photoconductive devices and fast response times, hence outperforming micro-bolometer arrays. However, achieving an excellent MCT detector performance at long (LWIR) and very long (VLWIR) infrared wavelengths is challenging due to the exponential increase in the thermally generated photodiode dark current with increasing cut-off wavelength and / or operating temperature. Dark current is a critical design driver, especially for LWIR / VLWIR multi-spectral imagers with moderate signal levels or hyper-spectral Fourier spectrometers operating deep into the VLWIR spectral region. Consequently, low dark current (LDC) technologies are the

  16. Calibration of Two Difrerent Types of Modulators for an Application in Spectroscopic Phase Modulated Ellipsometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kouko, S. L.; Llinares, C.

    1995-08-01

    In order to choose a photoelastic modulator for an application in spectroscopic phase modulated ellipsometry a complete calibration of two different types of photoelastic modulators is achieved. First the model that describes the behavior of each of them is accurately determined since the calibration procedure depends on it. Both modulators behave as a static strain model with a phase shift of the form δ = δ_0 + {\\cal A}sin ω t. Using the suitable procedures, the driving voltage V_mod and the static strain δ_0 of both devices are accurately determined as a function of the wavelength from 0.25 μm to 0.75 μm. A method to reduce the errors due to incorrect settings of the modulation voltage and the static birefringence is also proposed. An accuracy check of the calibration done by comparing the indexes of refraction of two silica prisms obtained with our ellipsometer and with the high precision goniometer method shows a very good agreement. Dans le but de choisir un modulateur photoélastique pour une application en ellipsométrie spectroscopique à modulation de phase, le calibrage de deux modulateurs a été réalisé. Dans un premier temps, le modèle décrivant chacun des modulateurs a été déterminé avec précision vu que la procédure de calibrage dépend de celui-ci : les deux modulateurs fonctionnent suivant le modèle avec biréfringence statique ayant un déphasage de la forme δ = δ_0 + {\\cal A}sin ω t. En utilisant les procédures de calibrage appropriées, la tension de pilotage V_mod et la biréfringence statique δ_0 ont été déterminées avec précision en fonction de la longueur d'onde dans la gamme spectrale s'étendant de 0,25 μm à 0,75 μm. Une méthode pour réduire les erreurs dues au calibrage de la tension de modulation et à la biréfringence résiduelle est également proposée. Un test de la précision du calibrage fait en comparant les indices de réfraction de deux prismes de silice obtenus avec notre ellipsomètre et avec