Science.gov

Sample records for pilotage

  1. Issues in Remote Pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hadley, Mike

    This paper was presented at the World Congress of the International Association of Institutes of Navigation (IAIN) held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 17-21 November 1997.Remote, or shore-based, pilotage means different things to different people, despite a definition being produced by the European and International Maritime Pilots Associations. The debate about it is set in the context of increasing public awareness of the environment and a downward pressure on costs; these in themselves make for uncomfortable bedfellows. However, this sets the scene for the current aspirations within the European Union for vessel traffic management and the ongoing research into Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) and Vessel Traffic Management and Information Services (VTMIS). The technology to implement navigational assistance of a fairly high order is already in place, but there are still problems to be overcome before the concept can be taken further. Commonly recurring concerns over remote pilotage are the inadequacies of radar, difficulties with language, lack of 'feel' for the ship, which includes the on-board pilot's assessment of the quality of the vessel's crew, and the lack of ship motion data. Differential GPS is now capable of aiding automatic docking of some specialized vessels, but it has emerged, most recently at the IALA VTS Committee meeting, that ECDIS has shortcomings when being considered as the geographic information system of a VTS. Transponders are the subject of yet another debate, but will the data that they can convey be able to replace an on-board pilot?

  2. 78 FR 38725 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes pilotage, including review of proposed Great Lakes pilotage...

  3. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  4. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  5. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  6. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  7. 46 CFR 401.120 - Federal reservation of pilotage regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Federal reservation of pilotage regulations. 401.120 Section 401.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... and the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  8. 75 FR 8728 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee (GLPAC) will meet at Coast Guard Marine... range of issues related to pilotage on the Great Lakes, including the rules and regulations that govern...

  9. 78 FR 54264 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-03

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee management; notice of Federal Advisory Committee meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... the Great Lakes Pilotage regulations. The meeting will be open to the public. DATES: GLPAC will meet...

  10. 76 FR 62085 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-06

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee... the Federal Register of October 4, 2011, a notice announcing a Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee... authority of the Great Lakes Pilotage program. If you have been adversely affected by the one-day delay in...

  11. 76 FR 61370 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes pilotage, including review of...

  12. 77 FR 24729 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... recommendations to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes...

  13. 78 FR 49544 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Request for applications. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard seeks applications for membership on the Great Lakes... of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes pilotage, including...

  14. 78 FR 5474 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Committee Management; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting. SUMMARY: The Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory... recommendations to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard on matters relating to Great Lakes...

  15. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor. 401.400 Section 401.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services...

  16. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor. 401.400 Section 401.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services...

  17. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor. 401.400 Section 401.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services...

  18. 77 FR 47582 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjust; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 401 RIN 1625-AB89 Great Lakes Pilotage Rates--2013 Annual Review and..., 2012 (77 FR 45539) proposing rate adjustments for pilotage services on the Great Lakes. The charge rate... email Mr. Todd Haviland, Management & Program Analyst, Office of Great Lakes Pilotage, Commandant (CG...

  19. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of Base...

  20. 76 FR 50713 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 401 RIN 1625-AB70 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes AGENCY: Coast... pilotage on the Great Lakes. This correction provides four rows that were missing from Table 36 in the..., Office of Great Lakes Pilotage, Commandant (CG-5522), Coast Guard; telephone 202-372-2037, e- mail Todd.A...

  1. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  2. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  3. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates C Appendix C to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. C Appendix C to Part 404—Procedures for Annual Review of...

  4. 78 FR 13521 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... charges for pilotage services, giving consideration to the public interest and the costs of providing the..., methodology. The last full ratemaking established the current base rates in the 2012 final rule (77 FR 11752... smaller vessels carried a more fair portion of the costs associated with pilotage on the Great Lakes. As...

  5. 76 FR 47095 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... charges for pilotage services, giving consideration to the public interest and the costs of providing the... that review. The last full ratemaking established the current base rates in 2006 (final rule, 71 FR... decrease over If pilotage service is required in: the current rate is: Area 1 (Designated waters)...

  6. Using a targeting metric to predict the utility of an EO imager as a pilotage aid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vollmerhausen, Richard H.; Bui, Trang

    2006-05-01

    Army aviators use both image intensified goggles and thermal imagers as night vision aids when flying helicopters at night. The Targeting Task Performance (TTP) metric can be used to predict how well these imagers support the pilotage task under different illumination and thermal contrast conditions. The TTP metric predicts the field performance of the Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System, the Apache Helicopter Pilot's Night Vision System, and the Advanced Helicopter Pilotage system. These three systems represent diverse technologies: image intensified goggles, a first generation thermal imager, and a second-generation thermal imager. The ability of the TTP metric to predict the behavior of these diverse systems is evidence of its suitability as a pilotage metric. This paper discusses the application of the TTP metric to helicopter pilotage. Data from field surveys of Army aviators are used to validate the use of the TTP metric to predict pilotage system performance. Since knowledge of scene contrast is necessary to make sensor design trades using the TTP metric, a discussion of the terrain thermal contrast available in the mid-wave and long-wave infrared is also provided.

  7. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Appeal § 1.03-50 Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage. Any person directly affected by a decision or action of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage, may make a formal appeal... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great...

  8. High-performance LLLTV CCD camera for nighttime pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, George M., Jr.

    1992-06-01

    Nighttime, nap-of-the-earth pilotage requires information from several sensors including thermal and image intensified sensors. Traditionally, the thermal imagery is displayed on a CRT; the image intensified imagery is displayed with a night vision goggle (NVG), a direct- view device worn immediately in front of the pilot''s eyes. If electronic output data from the image intensifier could be displayed on a CRT, the pilot''s safety and mission effectiveness would be greatly enhanced. Conventional approaches to using charge coupled devices fiberoptically coupled to image intensifier tubes have failed to provide the resolution, contrast, and sensitivity that pilots are accustomed to with night vision goggles. To produce image intensified sensors with performance comparable to an NVG, an intensified sensor that is optimized for coupling to solid state sensors and eliminates all fiberoptic-to-fiberoptic interfaces was fabricated. The Integrated Taper Assembly (ITA) sensor has a fiberoptic taper built into the vacuum of the image tube. The fiberoptic taper minifies the 18 or 25 millimeter (mm) output of the image intensifier tube to the 11 mm diagonal of the high resolution CCD. This requires one optical coupling -- at the CCD surface. By offering high resolution, high sensitivity, and a simplified optical path, the ITA image intensifier overcomes the shortcomings that normally limit the performance of intensified CCD cameras.

  9. 77 FR 45539 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2013 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... Portal: http://www.regulations.gov . (2) Fax: 202-493-2251. (3) Mail: Docket Management Facility (M-30... Haviland, Management & Program Analyst, Office of Great Lakes Pilotage, Commandant (CG-WWM-2), Coast Guard.... waters of the St. Mary's River, Sault Ste. Marie Locks, and Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior. Area 3...

  10. 46 CFR 401.400 - Calculation of pilotage units and determination of weighting factor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... formula and table: (a) Pilotage unit computation: Pilot Unit=(Length×Breadth×Depth)/283.17 (measured in meters) Pilot Unit=(Length×Breadth×Depth)/10,000 (measured in feet) (b) Weighting factor table: Range of...

  11. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes... FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal § 1.03-50 Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2). Any person directly affected by a decision or action of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division...

  12. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes... FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal § 1.03-50 Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2). Any person directly affected by a decision or action of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division...

  13. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes... FUNCTIONS Rights of Appeal § 1.03-50 Appeals from decisions or actions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division (CG-WWM-2). Any person directly affected by a decision or action of the Great Lakes Pilotage Division...

  14. 46 CFR 1.03-50 - Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appeals from decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage. 1.03-50 Section 1.03-50 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO THE PUBLIC ORGANIZATION, GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE SAFETY FUNCTIONS Rights of...

  15. Flight assessment of an integrated DNAW helicopter pilotage display system; flight trial 'HAWKOWL'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thorndycraft, David C.; Longman, Peter J.; Marsden, David F.; Jennings, Sion

    2007-04-01

    Military helicopter operations are often constrained by environmental conditions including low light levels and poor weather. Recent operational experience has also shown the difficulty presented by certain terrain when operating at low altitude by day and night. For example, poor visual cues when flying over featureless terrain with low scene contrast, or obscuration of vision caused by wind blown and re-circulated dust at low level (brown out). These types of conditions can result in loss of spatial awareness and loss of precise control of the aircraft. Atmospheric obscurants such as fog, cloud, rain and snow can similarly lead to hazardous situations. Day Night All Weather (DNAW) systems applied research, sponsored by UK MOD, has developed a systematic, human centred approach, to understanding and developing pilotage display systems for challenging environments. A prototype DNAW system has been developed using an incremental flight test programme, leading to the flight assessment of a fully integrated pilotage display solution, trial HAWKOWL, installed in a Sea King helicopter. The system comprises several sub-systems including; a multi-spectral sensor suite, image processing and fusion; head down and head-tracked Display Night Vision Goggles; onboard mission planning and route generation; precision navigation; dynamic flight path guidance; and conformal, task dependent, symbology. A variety of qualitative and quantitative assessment techniques have been developed and applied to determine the performance of the system and the capability it provides. This paper describes the approach taken in the design, implementation and assessment of the system and identifies key results from the flight trial.

  16. Helmet-Mounted Displays For Helicopter Pilotage: Design Configuration Tradeoffs, Analyses, And Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lohmann, Robert A.; Weisz, Alexander Z.

    1989-09-01

    Human engineering criteria applicable to the design of helmet mounted displays for use with night vision sensors, such as forward looking infra-red (FLIR) or low light level television (LLTV), are stated and reviewed. Systems requirements are presented which call for pilot operation at night that is as equivalent as practicable to flight under normal daytime visual rules. Requirements are developed that utilize head motion coupled to sensor movement to achieve the semblance of daytime pilotage while conducting operations at night under the cover of deep darkness. At the outset, salient factors are identified and prioritized which are applied to further design tradeoffs leading to helmet mounted visor displays. The prime design objectives being operational suitability, acceptability by the pilot community, reduced crew training requirements and minimal logistics support. In conclusion, alternate design configurations, computer analyses, operating experience, and pilot reaction are cited. Items to be addressed include: overall head supported weight, center-of-gravity, and other ergonomic factors affecting pilot acceptance: such as: comfort, eye-relief, total and instantaneous field of view, full or partial overlap of left-eye and right-eye fields of coverage, and head movement-to-sensor servo response. In addition, items of interest to the operating command: such as: training (ease or difficulty), maintenance of proficiency, and ease of viewing, will be discussed in light of data and operating experience from recently conducted flight trials. Finally, compatibility with nuclear biological and chemical (NBC) defense equipment and requirements, and laser eye protection will be discussed.

  17. Can the Shipping-Aviation Analogy be used as an Argument to decrease the need for Maritime Pilotage?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Erve, Patrick; Bonnor, Norman

    2006-05-01

    The aviation-shipping analogy cannot be used as an argument for a decrease in the need for maritime pilotage. The increasing complexity and upsizing of modern ships, in combination with a vast variety in ship types, economic maximisation, crewing and technical standards, lead to marginal ship operations that require specialist knowledge and skill. On the other hand, modern commercial aircraft have very standardised equipment and operating procedures and they approach and land at airports which also use standard radio-navigation aids and procedures.

  18. Visual cues in low-level flight - Implications for pilotage, training, simulation, and enhanced/synthetic vision systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Foyle, David C.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Johnson, Walter W.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reviews some of the sources of visual information that are available in the out-the-window scene and describes how these visual cues are important for routine pilotage and training, as well as the development of simulator visual systems and enhanced or synthetic vision systems for aircraft cockpits. It is shown how these visual cues may change or disappear under environmental or sensor conditions, and how the visual scene can be augmented by advanced displays to capitalize on the pilot's excellent ability to extract visual information from the visual scene.

  19. Part task investigation of multispectral image fusion using gray scale and synthetic color night-vision sensor imagery for helicopter pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steele, Paul M.; Perconti, Philip

    1997-06-01

    Today, night vision sensor and display systems used in the pilotage or navigation of military helicopters are either long wave IR thermal sensors (8 - 12 microns) or image intensified, visible and near IR (0.6 - 0.9 microns), sensors. The sensor imagery is displayed using a monochrome phosphor on a Cathode Ray Tube or night vision goggle. Currently, there is no fielded capability to combine the best attributes of the emissive radiation sensed by the thermal sensor and the reflected radiation sensed by the image intensified sensor into a single fused image. However, recent advances in signal processing have permitted the real time image fusion and display of multispectral sensors in either monochrome or synthetic chromatic form. The merits of such signal processing is explored. A part task simulation using a desktop computer, video playback unit, and a biocular head mounted display was conducted. Response time and accuracy measures of test subject responses to visual perception tasks were taken. Subjective ratings were collected to determine levels of pilot acceptance. In general, fusion based formats resulted in better subject performance. The benefits of integrating synthetic color to fused imagery, however, is dependent on the color algorithm used, the visual task performed, and scene content.

  20. An enhanced MMW and SMMW/THz imaging system performance prediction and analysis tool for concealed weapon detection and pilotage obstacle avoidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murrill, Steven R.; Jacobs, Eddie L.; Franck, Charmaine C.; Petkie, Douglas T.; De Lucia, Frank C.

    2015-10-01

    The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has continued to develop and enhance a millimeter-wave (MMW) and submillimeter- wave (SMMW)/terahertz (THz)-band imaging system performance prediction and analysis tool for both the detection and identification of concealed weaponry, and for pilotage obstacle avoidance. The details of the MATLAB-based model which accounts for the effects of all critical sensor and display components, for the effects of atmospheric attenuation, concealment material attenuation, and active illumination, were reported on at the 2005 SPIE Europe Security and Defence Symposium (Brugge). An advanced version of the base model that accounts for both the dramatic impact that target and background orientation can have on target observability as related to specular and Lambertian reflections captured by an active-illumination-based imaging system, and for the impact of target and background thermal emission, was reported on at the 2007 SPIE Defense and Security Symposium (Orlando). Further development of this tool that includes a MODTRAN-based atmospheric attenuation calculator and advanced system architecture configuration inputs that allow for straightforward performance analysis of active or passive systems based on scanning (single- or line-array detector element(s)) or staring (focal-plane-array detector elements) imaging architectures was reported on at the 2011 SPIE Europe Security and Defence Symposium (Prague). This paper provides a comprehensive review of a newly enhanced MMW and SMMW/THz imaging system analysis and design tool that now includes an improved noise sub-model for more accurate and reliable performance predictions, the capability to account for postcapture image contrast enhancement, and the capability to account for concealment material backscatter with active-illumination- based systems. Present plans for additional expansion of the model's predictive capabilities are also outlined.

  1. 77 FR 33228 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The GLPAC is an advisory committee established in accordance with the provisions of... accounting, who must be recommended to the Secretary by a unanimous vote of the other members of the..., applicants are required to complete Confidential Financial Disclosure Reports (OGE Form 450). Coast Guard...

  2. 76 FR 24505 - Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ..., travel time and delay/detention time using historical traffic records. New Business: Review of bridge..., contact Mr. David Dean as soon as possible. To facilitate public participation, we are inviting public.... Please note that the public comment period may end before the time indicated, following the last call...

  3. Symptoms of fatigue and coping strategies in maritime pilotage.

    PubMed

    Chambers, Timothy P; Main, Luana C

    2015-01-01

    Little is known regarding the symptoms of fatigue that maritime pilots experience during shift work. Moreover, the strategies these individuals use to cope with the onset of fatigue are also unknown. The current study explored the symptoms of fatigue and coping strategies experienced by maritime pilots when on-shift. Fifty maritime pilots were recruited via an advertisement in the national association's quarterly newsletter (Mage = 51.42; SD = 9.81). Participants responded to a modified version of the questionnaire used with aviation pilots that assessed overall fatigue, and the symptoms pilots associated with fatigue on duty. Methods pilots used to cope with fatigue before shift and when on the bridge were also assessed. There were significant effects for pilot vitality on 4 categories of fatigue: cognitive dysfunction; emotional disturbance; mean physical effects; and sleepiness. There were no significant effects for vitality on any of the self-reported coping strategy factors. The findings indicated that maritime pilots experience a variety of physical, behavioural, and cognitive fatigue symptoms when on shift. Some of these symptoms are similar to those reported by aviation pilots. However, unlike aviation pilots, maritime pilots reported utilising self-sufficient coping strategies to deal with the experience of fatigue.

  4. Virtual reality: a reality for future military pilotage?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McIntire, John P.; Martinsen, Gary L.; Marasco, Peter L.; Havig, Paul R.

    2009-05-01

    Virtual reality (VR) systems provide exciting new ways to interact with information and with the world. The visual VR environment can be synthetic (computer generated) or be an indirect view of the real world using sensors and displays. With the potential opportunities of a VR system, the question arises about what benefits or detriments a military pilot might incur by operating in such an environment. Immersive and compelling VR displays could be accomplished with an HMD (e.g., imagery on the visor), large area collimated displays, or by putting the imagery on an opaque canopy. But what issues arise when, instead of viewing the world directly, a pilot views a "virtual" image of the world? Is 20/20 visual acuity in a VR system good enough? To deliver this acuity over the entire visual field would require over 43 megapixels (MP) of display surface for an HMD or about 150 MP for an immersive CAVE system, either of which presents a serious challenge with current technology. Additionally, the same number of sensor pixels would be required to drive the displays to this resolution (and formidable network architectures required to relay this information), or massive computer clusters are necessary to create an entirely computer-generated virtual reality with this resolution. Can we presently implement such a system? What other visual requirements or engineering issues should be considered? With the evolving technology, there are many technological issues and human factors considerations that need to be addressed before a pilot is placed within a virtual cockpit.

  5. Familiar route loyalty implies visual pilotage in the homing pigeon

    PubMed Central

    Biro, Dora; Meade, Jessica; Guilford, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Wide-ranging animals, such as birds, regularly traverse large areas of the landscape efficiently in the course of their local movement patterns, which raises fundamental questions about the cognitive mechanisms involved. By using precision global-positioning-system loggers, we show that homing pigeons (Columba livia) not only come to rely on highly stereotyped yet surprisingly inefficient routes within the local area but are attracted directly back to their individually preferred routes even when released from novel sites off-route. This precise route loyalty demonstrates a reliance on familiar landmarks throughout the flight, which was unexpected under current models of avian navigation. We discuss how visual landmarks may be encoded as waypoints within familiar route maps. PMID:15572457

  6. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  7. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  8. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  9. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  10. 46 CFR 403.200 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM... the Canadian Great Lakes Pilotage Authority (GLPA) shall submit settlement statements regarding these... the United States and Canada and guidance from the Director of Great Lakes Pilotage. ...

  11. 78 FR 48374 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2014 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... . (2) Fax: 202-493-2251. (3) Mail: Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation..., Commandant (CG-WWM-2), Coast Guard; telephone 202-372-2037, email Todd.A.Haviland@uscg.mil , or fax 202-372.... Marie Locks, and Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior. Area 3 is the Welland Canal, which is serviced...

  12. Route Recapitulation and Route Loyalty in Homing Pigeons: Pilotage From 25 km?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biro, Dora; Meade, Jessica; Guilford, Tim

    2006-01-01

    We utilised precision Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking to examine the homing paths of pigeons (Columba livia) released 20 times consecutively 25 km from the loft. By the end of the training phase, birds had developed highly stereotyped yet individually distinct routes home, with detailed recapitulation evident at each stage of the journey. Following training, birds also participated in a series of releases from novel sites at perpendicular distances of up to 3 km from their established routes. Results showed that subjects were attracted back to their established routes and recapitulated them from the point of contact. Naïve conspecifics (yoked controls) released from the same off-route sites confirmed that the experienced birds' route choices were not influenced by constraints exerted by terrain features, but that increased experience with the general area conferred a homing advantage in the form of more efficient flight tracks, even from these novel sites. Patterns in the paths taken by experienced birds to rejoin their established routes are discussed with reference to navigational mechanisms employed by homing pigeons in their familiar area.

  13. 76 FR 6351 - Great Lakes Pilotage: 2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ....53 $1,139.30 (Monthly Wages x 5%) Pension = $33.35 x 45.5 days........ 1,517.43 1,517.43 Health = $97....57 (Monthly Wages x 5%) Pension = $43.55 x 45.5 days........ 1,981.53 1,981.53 Health = $97.64 x 45.5...,348,516 5,203 $451.38 Area 2 1,689,246 5,650 298.98 Area 4 1,436,140 7,320 196.19 Area 5 2,649,876......

  14. 75 FR 7958 - 2010 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... in benchmark contractual wages and benefits and an adjustment for inflation. This rulemaking promotes... of living (which is determined using 2007 and 2008 data). However, the inflation factor is merely one... docket of two benchmark contracts and the absence of supporting documentation for the inflation...

  15. Flight Tests of Pilotage Error in Area Navigation with Vertical Guidance: Effects of Navigation Procedural Complexity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-08-01

    levels of these two group: were widely different. One group, made up of currently experienced ATPs, was chosen from pilots of the University’s staff air ...clearances, shown in Figure 11,I directed the subject pilots to fly the intended course. The safety pilot, acting as the air traffic controller, read...procedural errors. First, a procedural error is defined as any navigation control setting or air - craft control error which, if allowed to continue

  16. Human Consequences of Agile Aircraft (Facteurs humains lies au pilotage des avions de combat tres manoeuvrants)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-05-01

    Service de Santé des Armées B.P.73, Bretigny-sur-Orge Cedex F-91223 France **Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development 7-23-17 Roppongi Minato-ku...less than quantitative or spatial abilities. The French Air Force use aptitude tests, group tests, sports tests, pilot-officer interview and also a...Automation basics, Analog/Symbol info Team sports , No Drugs, No Smoking, Stress management, Active life, Aerobics

  17. 75 FR 51191 - Great Lakes Pilotage Rates-2011 Annual Review and Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-19

    ...'' then click on the balloon shape in the ``Actions'' column. If you submit your comments by mail or hand... benefits to remain fixed at current levels with the exception of medical plan contributions. Medical plan..., we forecast an increase of 10 percent over 2010 medical plan contributions for the AMOU contracts in...

  18. 77 FR 11752 - 2012 Rates for Pilotage on the Great Lakes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ... Steamship Co. and Mittal Steel USA, Inc. Agreements A and B both expired on July 31, 2011, and AMOU did not... American Steamship Company 815,600 Mittal Steel USA, Inc 38,826 Key Lakes, Inc 361,385 Total tonnage, each...

  19. 46 CFR Appendix C to Part 404 - Procedures for Annual Review of Base Pilotage Rates

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...; Step 6: Divide the result in Step 5 by projected bridge hours to determine total unit costs; Step 7... period rates by the percentage change in unit costs in Step 7. For example if the total economic costs... coordination with Canada using the following procedures: Step 1: Calculate the total economic costs for the...

  20. Real-time image fusion: a vision aid for helicopter pilotage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Moira I.; Ball, Andrew; Hooper, David

    2002-03-01

    This paper reports on the development of a real-time image fusion demonstration system using COTS technology. The system is designed to operate in a highly dynamic helicopter environment and across a challenging variety of operational conditions. The targeted application for the demonstrator system is low-level helicopter nap-of-the-earth flight, with particular emphasis being placed on providing improved pilot vision for an increased situational awareness capability. This work provides key technology assessment for the UK Ministry of Defence's Day/Night All Weather (D/NAW) helicopter program. The current operational requirement is to fuse imagery from two sensors - one a thermal imager, the other an image intensifier or visible band camera. However, provision has been made within the software and hardware architectures to support scaling to different cameras and further processors. Over the past two years the research has matured from algorithmic development and analysis using pre-registered recorded imagery to the current real-time image fusion demonstrator system which performs registration and warping prior to an adaptive image processing control scheme. This paper concentrates on the design and hardware implementation issues associated with the process of moving from experimental non real-time algorithms to a real-time image fusion demonstrator. Background information about the program is provided to help put the current system in context, and a brief overview of the algorithm set is also given. The design and hardware implementation issues associated with this scheme are discussed and results from initial field trials are presented.

  1. Rotorcraft visual situational awareness (VSA): solving the pilotage problem for landing in degraded visual environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Trevor

    2009-05-01

    BAE Systems has developed a solution to the problem of helicopter low visibility landings. The passive part of the system displays 3-D conformal symbology on a tracked helmet mounted display. This provides the pilot with situational awareness while the helicopter is in brownout/whiteout conditions. A Millimetric Wave Radar detects any stationary or dynamic obstacles within the landing zone. The pilot is presented with a synthetic view of the area which is produced using advanced signal and display algorithms.

  2. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall be...

  3. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall be...

  4. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall be...

  5. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall be...

  6. 46 CFR 404.1 - General ratemaking provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... procedures for Great Lakes pilotage ratemaking. Included in this part are explanations of the steps followed... at the pilotage rates contained in part 401 of this chapter. (b) Great Lakes pilotage rates shall be...

  7. Conception de lois de pilotage robustes et sequencement de gains par l'approche de systemes lineaires a parametres variants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hentabli, Kamel

    Cette recherche s'inscrit dans le cadre du projet de recherche Active Control Technology entre l'Ecole de Technologie Superieure et le constructeur Bombardier Aeronautique . Le but est de concevoir des strategies de commandes multivariables et robustes pour des modeles dynamiques d'avions. Ces strategies de commandes devraient assurer a l'avion une haute performance et satisfaire des qualites de vol desirees en l'occurrence, une bonne manoeuvrabilite, de bonnes marges de stabilite et un amortissement des mouvements phugoides et rapides de l'avion. Dans un premier temps, nous nous sommes principalement interesses aux methodes de synthese LTI et plus exactement a l'approche Hinfinity et la mu-synthese. Par la suite, nous avons accorde un interet particulier aux techniques de commande LPV. Pour mener a bien ce travail, nous avons envisage une approche frequentielle, typiquement Hinfinity. Cette approche est particulierement interessante, dans la mesure ou le modele de synthese est construit directement a partir des differentes specifications du cahier des charges. En effet, ces specifications sont traduites sous forme de gabarits frequentiels, correspondant a des ponderations en entree et en sortie que l'on retrouve dans la synthese Hinfinity classique. Par ailleurs, nous avons utilise une representation de type lineaire fractionnelle (LFT), jugee mieux adaptee pour la prise en compte des differents types d'incertitudes, qui peuvent intervenir sur le systeme. De plus, cette representation s'avere tres appropriee pour l'analyse de la robustesse via les outils de la mu-analyse. D'autre part, afin d'optimiser le compromis entre les specifications de robustesse et de performance, nous avons opte pour une structure de commande a 2 degres de liberte avec modele de reference. Enfin, ces techniques sont illustrees sur des applications realistes, demontrant ainsi la pertinence et l'applicabilite de chacune d'elle. Mots cles. Commande de vol, qualites de vol et manoeuvrabilite, commande robuste, approche Hinfinity , mu-synthese, systemes lineaires a parametres variants, sequencement de gains, transformation lineaire fractionnelle, inegalite matricielle lineaire.

  8. Knowledge Based System Applications for Guidance and Control (Application des Systemes a Base de Connaissances au Guidage-Pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    panic deccl article examine donc les caractdristiques spdcifiques de l’espace a~nen curopden des paints de vue op~rationnel, technique et social . Elle...fa(.tcurs qui affectent ta capacitd du contrble en route europx en, On examiners ainsi successivement - ’espace a~rien europoen, * leapace social ...moycnne 2,2 manceuvres de contoumement d’avions civils par heure de vol contrlt. L’ESPACE SOCIAL EL’ROP9EN Les cons~quences brutaies stir

  9. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... least one appropriate station from any point on the route; (2) Communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class E... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR...

  10. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... least one appropriate station from any point on the route; (2) Communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class E... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR...

  11. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... least one appropriate station from any point on the route; (2) Communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class E... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR...

  12. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... least one appropriate station from any point on the route; (2) Communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class E... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR...

  13. 14 CFR 121.347 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... least one appropriate station from any point on the route; (2) Communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities from any point within Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace, or within a Class E... AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR...

  14. 75 FR 28275 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget; OMB Control Number...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-20

    ... its approval for the following collection of information: 1625-0086, Great Lakes Pilotage, without... Request Title: Great Lakes Pilotage. OMB Control Number: 1625-0086. Type of Request: Extension of a... Great Lakes Pilotage. Abstract: The Office of Great Lakes Pilotage is seeking an extension of OMB's...

  15. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... Director, Great Lakes Pilotage Staff, U.S. Coast Guard, or the General Manager, Great Lakes Pilotage... transit of the undesignated waters of Lake Erie between Southeast Shoal and Port Colborne unless the ship...

  16. 46 CFR 401.710 - Operating requirements for holders of Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... continuous arrangements and facilities for the efficient dispatching of pilotage service on a first-come, first-serve basis to vessels that give notice of pilotage service requirements to the pilotage dispatch...; (d) Dispatch pilotage service under the terms of its approved working rules as referenced in §...

  17. 46 CFR 401.710 - Operating requirements for holders of Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... continuous arrangements and facilities for the efficient dispatching of pilotage service on a first-come, first-serve basis to vessels that give notice of pilotage service requirements to the pilotage dispatch...; (d) Dispatch pilotage service under the terms of its approved working rules as referenced in §...

  18. Technical Evaluation Report on Knowledge Based System Applications for Guidance and Control (Application des Systemes a Base de Connaissances au Guidage-Pilotage),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-07-01

    Sanz-Aranguez SP ProfessorJohn T.Shcpherd UK Dr Elihu Zimet us HOST PAINEL COORDINATOR Mdr Carlos A. Garriga. Lopez SENER Ingenieria y Sistemas SA...real-time expert systems. This problem arises when the prototype phase is finished and the goal is to produce an industrialized system. A methodology...meaningful in terms of industrial applications. The industrial exploitation of AI technology is strictly associated with the combination of both

  19. Artificial Neural Network Approaches in Guidance and Control (Les Reseaux Neuroniques Artificiels, Voie a Explorer dans le Domaine du Guidage et du Pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    groupe de conf6renciers des pays membres de I’OTAN ayant une experience exceptionnelle dans ce nouveau domaine technologique . Les aspects fondamentaux...DESMOUCEAUX J., BUREL G., (Thomson- proceedings CSF) Application des r~seaux de neurones a Comparison of various neural and classical la veille

  20. Analysis, Design and Synthesis Methods for Guidance and Control Systems (Les Methodes d’Analyse de Conception et de Synthese Pour les Systemes de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    around a closed loop such as a ring of mirrors or fiber oitic loop. If the loop is not rotating in inertial space, while the light beams are...ities consisting of two mirrors arranged face-to-face so that light can bounce back and forth almost indefinitely have been commonplace since the...discovery of the laser. A ring cavity, usually a triangle or square, can be similarly formed with three or four mirrors and creates the light loop necessary

  1. Cockpit Accommodation Assessment of the Bell 412CF Helicopter (Evaluation du Poste de Pilotage de l’Hellcoptere Bell 412CF)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    technique. Un des défis en question était d’acheminer de volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de bord principal. Certains de ces...volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de bord principal. Certains de ces faisceaux de câbles ont été acheminés à proximité du...était d’acheminer de volumineux faisceaux de câbles de chaque côté du tableau de bord principal. Certains de ces faisceaux de câbles ont été acheminés à

  2. 46 CFR 401.510 - Operation without Registered Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... service requirements to the pilotage pool having dispatching jurisdiction at the time. The vessel has no... District is not required until such time as separate Canadian pilotage dispatch facilities may...

  3. 46 CFR 401.450 - Pilot change points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pilot change points. 401.450 Section 401.450 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.450 Pilot change points. A Registered Pilot's...

  4. 33 CFR 83.29 - Pilot vessels (Rule 29).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pilot vessels (Rule 29). 83.29... NAVIGATION RULES RULES Lights and Shapes § 83.29 Pilot vessels (Rule 29). (a) Vessels engaged on pilotage... engaged on pilotage duty. A pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or...

  5. 46 CFR 401.450 - Pilot change points.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilot change points. 401.450 Section 401.450 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.450 Pilot change points. A Registered Pilot's...

  6. 33 CFR 83.29 - Pilot vessels (Rule 29).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Pilot vessels (Rule 29). 83.29... NAVIGATION RULES RULES Lights and Shapes § 83.29 Pilot vessels (Rule 29). (a) Vessels engaged on pilotage... engaged on pilotage duty. A pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or...

  7. 46 CFR 401.405 - Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Lake Ontario. 401.405 Section 401.405 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.405 Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. Except as provided in...

  8. 46 CFR 401.220 - Registration of pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS... waters of the Great Lakes and to provide for equitable participation of United States Registered Pilots... understanding of the Great Lakes Pilotage Regulations, Rules and Orders; the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great...

  9. 46 CFR 401.110 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.110 Definitions. (a) As used in this chapter: (1) Act means the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960... port complex within such harbor. (5) Great Lakes means Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and...

  10. 46 CFR 401.405 - Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Lake Ontario. 401.405 Section 401.405 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.405 Basic rates and charges on the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. Except as provided in...

  11. 46 CFR 401.427 - Charge on past due accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charge on past due accounts. 401.427 Section 401.427 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.427 Charge on past due accounts. A...

  12. 46 CFR 401.220 - Registration of pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS... waters of the Great Lakes and to provide for equitable participation of United States Registered Pilots... understanding of the Great Lakes Pilotage Regulations, Rules and Orders; the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great...

  13. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  14. 46 CFR 401.410 - Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River. 401.410 Section 401.410 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage...

  15. 46 CFR 401.410 - Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River. 401.410 Section 401.410 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage...

  16. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act...

  17. 46 CFR 401.110 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.110 Definitions. (a) As used in this chapter: (1) Act means the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960...) Great Lakes means Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario, their connecting and tributary...

  18. 46 CFR 401.401 - Surcharges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Surcharges. 401.401 Section 401.401 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.401 Surcharges. To facilitate safe, efficient, and reliable...

  19. 46 CFR 401.427 - Charge on past due accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Charge on past due accounts. 401.427 Section 401.427 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.427 Charge on past due accounts. A...

  20. 46 CFR 401.420 - Cancellation, delay or interruption in rendition of services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cancellation, delay or interruption in rendition of services. 401.420 Section 401.420 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.420...

  1. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  2. 46 CFR 401.410 - Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior and the St. Mary's River. 401.410 Section 401.410 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage...

  3. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  4. 46 CFR 401.320 - Requirements and qualifications for authorization to establish pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... establish pools. 401.320 Section 401.320 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States... Memorandum of Arrangements, Great Lakes Pilotage, or any other arrangements established by the United States...

  5. 46 CFR 401.420 - Cancellation, delay or interruption in rendition of services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cancellation, delay or interruption in rendition of services. 401.420 Section 401.420 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.420...

  6. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act...

  7. 46 CFR 401.110 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.110 Definitions. (a) As used in this chapter: (1) Act means the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960... port complex within such harbor. (5) Great Lakes means Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and...

  8. 46 CFR 401.220 - Registration of pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS... waters of the Great Lakes and to provide for equitable participation of United States Registered Pilots... understanding of the Great Lakes Pilotage Regulations, Rules and Orders; the Memorandum of Arrangements, Great...

  9. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  10. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act...

  11. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act...

  12. 46 CFR 401.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Purpose. 401.100 Section 401.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to carry out those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act...

  13. 46 CFR 401.427 - Charge on past due accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Charge on past due accounts. 401.427 Section 401.427 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.427 Charge on past due accounts. A...

  14. 46 CFR 402.100 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purpose. 402.100 Section 402.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RULES AND ORDERS General § 402.100 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to implement those provisions of the Great Lakes Pilotage...

  15. 14 CFR 61.1 - Applicability and definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the... of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to..., the use of dead reckoning; pilotage; electronic navigation aids; radio aids; or other...

  16. 14 CFR 61.1 - Applicability and definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the... of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to..., the use of dead reckoning; pilotage; electronic navigation aids; radio aids; or other...

  17. 14 CFR 61.1 - Applicability and definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the... of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to..., the use of dead reckoning; pilotage; electronic navigation aids; radio aids; or other...

  18. 14 CFR 61.1 - Applicability and definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the... of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to..., the use of dead reckoning; pilotage; electronic navigation aids; radio aids; or other...

  19. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron and...

  20. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron and...

  1. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron and...

  2. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron and...

  3. 46 CFR 404.10 - Ratemaking procedures and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....10 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... each of the following U.S. pilotage areas: Area 1—the St. Lawrence River; Area 2—Lake Ontario; Area 4—Lake Erie; Area 5—the navigable waters from South East Shoal to Port Huron, MI; Area 6—Lakes Huron and...

  4. Automated Software Generation Approaches for the Design and Development of Guidance and Control Systems Software (Les Differentes Approches Generation pour la Conception et le Developpement de Logiciels de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-01

    highest authority within AGARD is the National Delegates Board consisting of officially appointed senior representatives from each member nation. The...Programme and the Aerospace Applications Studies Programme. The results of AGARD work are reported to the member nations and the NATO Authorities through...the NATO nations. The content of this publication has been reproduced directly from material supplied by AGARD or the authors . Published March 1992

  5. Software for Guidance and Control: Guidance and Control Panel Symposium (52nd) Held in Helexpo, Thessaloniki, Greece on 7-10 May 1991 (Les Logiciels de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    nations in the fields of science and technology relating to aerospace for the following purposes: - Recommending effective ways for the member nations to...organizations will succeed which can brdge the gap effectively , bringing modern methodologies, well supported by software tools, to bear on the problem and...with preconceived ideas on is used in an informal sense , this paper is not about implementation; we shall try to make the Quality Management or Quality

  6. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with the guidelines of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage... PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.100 Applicability of system of accounts and reports....

  7. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas B Appendix B to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas The...

  8. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas B Appendix B to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas The...

  9. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  10. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  11. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section 401.310 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots...

  12. 46 CFR 403.105 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Records. 403.105 Section 403.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.105 Records. (a) Each Association shall maintain the general books of account and all books...

  13. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section 401.340 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... for service pursuant to section 4(a) of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960 (46 U.S.C. 216 through...

  14. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  15. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any person...

  16. 46 CFR 401.230 - Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificates of Registration. 401.230 Section 401.230 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the pilot is authorized to perform...

  17. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the...

  18. 46 CFR 401.510 - Operation without Registered Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....510 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE...) A vessel may be navigated in the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian... the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian Registered Pilot when the...

  19. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any person...

  20. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a) An...

  1. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a) An...

  2. 46 CFR 401.428 - Basic rates and charges for carrying a U.S. pilot beyond normal change point or for boarding at...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basic rates and charges for carrying a U.S. pilot beyond normal change point or for boarding at other than the normal boarding point. 401.428 Section 401.428 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE...

  3. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the...

  4. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section 401.310 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots...

  5. 46 CFR 401.330 - Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Certificates of Authorization. 401.330 Section 401.330 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... Director may prescribe, but shall describe the area of the Great Lakes in which the pool will perform...

  6. 46 CFR 401.211 - Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. 401.211 Section 401.211 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.211 Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. (a...

  7. 46 CFR 401.335 - Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization. 401.335 Section 401.335 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States...

  8. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  9. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Applicability of system of accounts and reports. 403.100 Section 403.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage...

  10. 46 CFR 403.120 - Notes to financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notes to financial statements. 403.120 Section 403.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.120 Notes to financial statements. (a) All matters that are not clearly...

  11. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  12. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Applicability of system of accounts and reports. 403.100 Section 403.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage...

  13. 46 CFR 401.230 - Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Certificates of Registration. 401.230 Section 401.230 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the pilot is authorized to perform...

  14. 46 CFR 401.230 - Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Certificates of Registration. 401.230 Section 401.230 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the pilot is authorized to perform...

  15. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  16. 46 CFR 401.330 - Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificates of Authorization. 401.330 Section 401.330 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... Director may prescribe, but shall describe the area of the Great Lakes in which the pool will perform...

  17. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any person...

  18. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  19. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  20. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation of...

  1. 46 CFR 401.407 - Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron, MI. 401.407 Section 401.407 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions...

  2. 46 CFR 401.510 - Operation without Registered Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....510 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE...) A vessel may be navigated in the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian... the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian Registered Pilot when the...

  3. 46 CFR 403.105 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Records. 403.105 Section 403.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.105 Records. (a) Each Association shall maintain the general books of account and all books...

  4. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any person...

  5. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Section 404.5 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Great Lakes pilotage district where revenues and expenses from Canadian pilots are commingled with... these benefits is the cost of these benefits in the most recent union contract for first mates on Great...

  6. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record...

  7. 46 CFR 401.211 - Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. 401.211 Section 401.211 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.211 Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. (a...

  8. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 404.5 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Great Lakes pilotage district where revenues and expenses from Canadian pilots are commingled with... these benefits is the cost of these benefits in the most recent union contract for first mates on Great...

  9. 46 CFR 403.110 - Accounting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accounting entities. 403.110 Section 403.110 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.110 Accounting entities. Each Association shall be a separate accounting...

  10. 46 CFR 403.105 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Records. 403.105 Section 403.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.105 Records. (a) Each Association shall maintain the general books of account and all books...

  11. 46 CFR 401.335 - Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization. 401.335 Section 401.335 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States...

  12. 46 CFR 403.105 - Records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Records. 403.105 Section 403.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.105 Records. (a) Each Association shall maintain the general books of account and all books...

  13. 46 CFR 401.407 - Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron, MI. 401.407 Section 401.407 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions...

  14. 46 CFR 401.335 - Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension or revocation of a Certificate of Authorization. 401.335 Section 401.335 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States...

  15. 46 CFR 401.510 - Operation without Registered Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....510 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE...) A vessel may be navigated in the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian... the U.S. waters of the Great Lakes without a United States or Canadian Registered Pilot when the...

  16. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a) An...

  17. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a) An...

  18. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Section 404.5 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Great Lakes pilotage district where revenues and expenses from Canadian pilots are commingled with... these benefits is the cost of these benefits in the most recent union contract for first mates on Great...

  19. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the...

  20. 46 CFR 401.200 - Application for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for registration. 401.200 Section 401.200 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.200 Application for registration. (a) An application for registration...

  1. 46 CFR 401.211 - Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. 401.211 Section 401.211 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.211 Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. (a...

  2. 46 CFR 403.300 - Financial reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Financial reporting requirements. 403.300 Section 403.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Reporting Requirements § 403.300 Financial reporting requirements. (a) General...

  3. 46 CFR 401.500 - Penalties for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Penalties for violations. 401.500 Section 401.500 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Penalties; Operations Without Registered Pilots § 401.500 Penalties for violations. Any person...

  4. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance with working rules of pools. 401.340 Section 401.340 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... for service pursuant to section 4(a) of the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960 (46 U.S.C. 216 through...

  5. 46 CFR 401.230 - Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Certificates of Registration. 401.230 Section 401.230 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the pilot is authorized to perform...

  6. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation of...

  7. 46 CFR 403.115 - Accounting period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accounting period. 403.115 Section 403.115 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.115 Accounting period. Each Association subject to this part shall maintain...

  8. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation of...

  9. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Applicability of system of accounts and reports. 403.100 Section 403.100 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage...

  10. 46 CFR 401.428 - Basic rates and charges for carrying a U.S. pilot beyond normal change point or for boarding at...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basic rates and charges for carrying a U.S. pilot beyond normal change point or for boarding at other than the normal boarding point. 401.428 Section 401.428 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE...

  11. 46 CFR 401.310 - Application for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Application for establishment of pools. 401.310 Section 401.310 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Establishment of Pools by Voluntary Associations of United States Registered Pilots...

  12. 46 CFR 401.211 - Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. 401.211 Section 401.211 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.211 Requirements for training of Applicant Pilots. (a...

  13. 46 CFR 401.260 - Reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports. 401.260 Section 401.260 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of... service of a vessel in U.S. or Canadian waters of the Great Lakes shall be reported by the Registered...

  14. 46 CFR 401.330 - Certificates of Authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Certificates of Authorization. 401.330 Section 401.330 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... Director may prescribe, but shall describe the area of the Great Lakes in which the pool will perform...

  15. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation of...

  16. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the...

  17. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record...

  18. 46 CFR 403.120 - Notes to financial statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Notes to financial statements. 403.120 Section 403.120 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.120 Notes to financial statements. (a) All matters that are not clearly...

  19. 46 CFR 401.105 - OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act. 401.105 Section 401.105 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS General § 401.105 OMB control numbers assigned pursuant to the...

  20. 46 CFR 401.240 - Renewal of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Renewal of Certificates of Registration. 401.240 Section 401.240 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.240 Renewal of Certificates of Registration. (a) An...

  1. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record...

  2. 46 CFR 401.230 - Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Certificates of Registration. 401.230 Section 401.230 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE... shall describe the part or parts of the Great Lakes within which the pilot is authorized to perform...

  3. 46 CFR 401.200 - Application for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Application for registration. 401.200 Section 401.200 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.200 Application for registration. (a) An application for registration...

  4. 46 CFR 401.407 - Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basic rates and charges on Lake Erie and the navigable waters from Southeast Shoal to Port Huron, MI. 401.407 Section 401.407 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions...

  5. 46 CFR 401.250 - Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Suspension and revocation of Certificates of Registration. 401.250 Section 401.250 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Registration of Pilots § 401.250 Suspension and revocation of...

  6. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Section 404.5 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Great Lakes pilotage district where revenues and expenses from Canadian pilots are commingled with... these benefits is the cost of these benefits in the most recent union contract for first mates on Great...

  7. 46 CFR 404.5 - Guidelines for the recognition of expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Section 404.5 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... Great Lakes pilotage district where revenues and expenses from Canadian pilots are commingled with... these benefits is the cost of these benefits in the most recent union contract for first mates on Great...

  8. 46 CFR 401.110 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Definitions. 401.110 Section 401.110 Shipping COAST... § 401.110 Definitions. (a) As used in this chapter: (1) Act means the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960... Pilotage. (10) Rate computation definitions: (i) Length means the distance between the forward and after...

  9. 46 CFR 401.431 - Disputed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE REGULATIONS Rates... time, not less than twenty (20) days, in which to file with the Director and the appellant any data or... allowed may form a basis for a determination that there is a violation of the Great Lakes...

  10. 46 CFR 401.110 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to provide pilotage services. (15) Comparable experience means experience that is similar to the... § 401.110 Definitions. (a) As used in this chapter: (1) Act means the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960, as amended (Pub. L. 86-555, 74 Stat. 259-262; 46 U.S.C. 216 through 216i). (2) Commandant means...

  11. 14 CFR 121.349 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. 121... pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. (a) Navigation equipment requirements—General. No... conducted under IFR or over the top, unless— (1) The en route navigation aids necessary for navigating...

  12. 14 CFR 121.349 - Communication and navigation equipment for operations under VFR over routes not navigated by...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... operations under VFR over routes not navigated by pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. 121... pilotage or for operations under IFR or over the top. (a) Navigation equipment requirements—General. No... conducted under IFR or over the top, unless— (1) The en route navigation aids necessary for navigating...

  13. 46 CFR 403.100 - Applicability of system of accounts and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with the guidelines of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. These guidelines are available by writing to the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage... PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM General § 403.100 Applicability of system of accounts and reports....

  14. 46 CFR 403.300 - Financial reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Financial reporting requirements. 403.300 Section 403.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE UNIFORM ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Reporting Requirements § 403.300 Financial reporting requirements. (a)...

  15. 46 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas B Appendix B to Part 404 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Ratemaking Definitions and Formulas The following...

  16. 46 CFR 15.610 - Master and mate (pilot) of towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... pilotage waters of the Lower Mississippi River must be under the control of an officer meeting the... or MMC officer endorsement for the Western Rivers, or who meets the requirements of paragraph (a) of...

  17. 46 CFR 15.610 - Master and mate (pilot) of towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... operating in the pilotage waters of the Lower Mississippi River must be under the control of an officer... endorsement for that route, MMC officer endorsement for the Western Rivers, or meets the requirements of...

  18. 46 CFR 15.610 - Master and mate (pilot) of towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... operating in the pilotage waters of the Lower Mississippi River must be under the control of an officer... endorsement for that route, MMC officer endorsement for the Western Rivers, or meets the requirements of...

  19. 46 CFR 15.610 - Master and mate (pilot) of towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... operating in the pilotage waters of the Lower Mississippi River must be under the control of an officer... endorsement for that route, MMC officer endorsement for the Western Rivers, or meets the requirements of...

  20. 46 CFR 15.610 - Master and mate (pilot) of towing vessels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... operating in the pilotage waters of the Lower Mississippi River must be under the control of an officer... endorsement for that route, MMC officer endorsement for the Western Rivers, or meets the requirements of...

  1. 46 CFR 401.700 - Operating requirements for U.S. registered pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... registered pilots. Each U.S. registered pilot shall— (a) Provide pilotage service when dispatched by his pool; and (b) Comply with the dispatching orders of the Director under § 401.720 (b)....

  2. 46 CFR 401.700 - Operating requirements for U.S. registered pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... registered pilots. Each U.S. registered pilot shall— (a) Provide pilotage service when dispatched by his pool; and (b) Comply with the dispatching orders of the Director under § 401.720 (b)....

  3. 46 CFR 401.700 - Operating requirements for U.S. registered pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... registered pilots. Each U.S. registered pilot shall— (a) Provide pilotage service when dispatched by his pool; and (b) Comply with the dispatching orders of the Director under § 401.720 (b)....

  4. 77 FR 76001 - Hydrographic Services Review Panel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... hydrographic services, marine transportation, port administration, vessel pilotage, coastal and fishery... expertise in navigation data, products and services; coastal management; fisheries management; coastal and marine spatial planning; geodesy; water levels; and other science-related fields to apply for Panel...

  5. Collaboration for Land, Air, Sea, and Space Vehicles: Developing the Common Ground in Vehicle Dynamics, System Identification, Control, and Handling Qualities (La collaboration dans le domaine des vehicules terrestres, aeriens, maritimes et spatiaux: L’etablissement d’une approche commune de la dynamique des vehicules, l’identification des systemes, et les qualite’s de controle et de pilotage)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-11-01

    4.2.2 Definition of Frames of Reference 58 4.2.3 Objectives of Vehicle Control 58 4.2.4 Manual Control 58 4.2.5 Automatic Control of Components for the...design with multiple levels of control redundancy but no “ manual backup”. In marine appli- cations (and civil aircraft) a minimal manual “get-home...experiments: • The operational regime of the vehicle, • The availability of manual and/or computerised input signals, • The type of input to be employed

  6. Human Factors Issues for Controlling Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles: Preliminary Findings in Support of the Canadian Forces Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Surveillance Target Acquisition System Project (Incidence des Facteurs Humains sur le Pilotage des Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes: Constatations Preliminaires a L’Appui du Projet de Systeme Interarmees D’Acquisition D’Objectif au Moyen de Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes de Surveillance des Forces Canadiennes)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-01

    DRDC Toronto TR 2009-043 21 ulcers (Costa, 1999). Chronic fatigue can also lead to hypertension, and ischemic heart diseases . Finally...accidents d’UAV. (2) L’opérateur qui contrôle l’UAV doit rester vigilant. (3) En raison de l’augmentation de l’utilisation d’UAV à grande autonomie , un...et grande autonomie (MALE). En conclusion, le présent rapport propose plusieurs recommandations, pour le court terme et le long terme, visant à

  7. Calendar of Selected Aeronautical and Space Meetings July 1987 (Calendrier des Manifestations Aeronautiques et Spatiales (Selection) Juillet 1987).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-01

    Electronique , Optique et M~trologie 5 03 - Mcanique du Vol 32 04 - Dynamique des Fluides et Acoustique 33 05 - Navigation, Guidage et Pilotage 41 06...Groupement des Industries Electroniques : I I rue Hamelin, F-75783 Paris Cedex 16 FR GWU George Washington University: Continuing Engineering Education

  8. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Provision for additional pilot. 401.425 Section 401.425... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.425 Provision for additional pilot. The... Authority, Ltd., Canada, may require the assignment of two pilots to a ship upon request of the ship or when...

  9. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400... ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record pilotage transactions on a form approved by the Director. The approved form shall be issued to pilots by...

  10. 46 CFR 403.400 - Uniform pilot's source form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Uniform pilot's source form. 403.400 Section 403.400... ACCOUNTING SYSTEM Source Forms § 403.400 Uniform pilot's source form. (a) Each Association shall record pilotage transactions on a form approved by the Director. The approved form shall be issued to pilots by...

  11. 46 CFR 401.425 - Provision for additional pilot.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Provision for additional pilot. 401.425 Section 401.425... REGULATIONS Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.425 Provision for additional pilot. The... Authority, Ltd., Canada, may require the assignment of two pilots to a ship upon request of the ship or when...

  12. 46 CFR 401.451 - Pilot rest periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Pilot rest periods. 401.451 Section 401.451 Shipping... Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.451 Pilot rest periods. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) Each Registered Pilot upon completing an assignment at a...

  13. 46 CFR 401.451 - Pilot rest periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pilot rest periods. 401.451 Section 401.451 Shipping... Rates, Charges, and Conditions for Pilotage Services § 401.451 Pilot rest periods. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) Each Registered Pilot upon completing an assignment at a...

  14. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 141 - Recreational Pilot Certification Course

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (2) How to plan for... navigation using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (e) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  15. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 141 - Recreational Pilot Certification Course

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (2) How to plan for... navigation using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (e) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  16. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 141 - Recreational Pilot Certification Course

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (2) How to plan for... navigation using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (e) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  17. 14 CFR 61.97 - Aeronautical knowledge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... takeoff and landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (ii) How to plan... using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (5) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  18. 14 CFR 61.97 - Aeronautical knowledge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... takeoff and landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (ii) How to plan... using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (5) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  19. 14 CFR 61.97 - Aeronautical knowledge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... takeoff and landing distances, weather reports and forecasts, and fuel requirements; and (ii) How to plan... using pilotage with the aid of a magnetic compass; (5) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and the procurement and use of aeronautical...

  20. 46 CFR 401.210 - Requirements and qualifications for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....210 Section 401.210 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT... gross tons, or over, operating on the Great Lakes or oceans. Those applicants qualifying with ocean... comparable experience on the Great Lakes. Those applicants qualifying with comparable experience must have...

  1. 46 CFR 401.210 - Requirements and qualifications for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....210 Section 401.210 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT... gross tons, or over, operating on the Great Lakes or oceans. Those applicants qualifying with ocean... comparable experience on the Great Lakes. Those applicants qualifying with comparable experience must have...

  2. 46 CFR 401.210 - Requirements and qualifications for registration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....210 Section 401.210 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT... gross tons, or over, operating on the Great Lakes or oceans. Those applicants qualifying with ocean... comparable experience on the Great Lakes. Those applicants qualifying with comparable experience must have...

  3. Calendar of Selected Aeronautical and Space Meetings (Calendrier des Manifestations Aeronautiques et Spatiales (Selection))

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    figurant dans la rubrique 06 (( Thermodynamique , Combustion, Propulsion et Energ6tique >> traite d’A6ro- NOTA I’AGARD ne peut se charger de...Dynamiquc des Fluides et Acoustique 30 05 - Navigation, Guidage et Pilotage 38 06 - Thermodynamique , Combustion, Propulsion ct Energ~tique 45 (07

  4. Calendar of Selected Aeronautical and Space Meetings January 1991 Onwards (Calendrier des Manifestations Aeronautiques et Spatiales (Selection) Janvier 1991 et au-dela)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    Thermodynamique , Combustion, Propulsion et Energ6tique >> traite d’AMro-6lasticit6). NOTA I’AGARD tie peut se charger de satisfaire les deniandes d’inforniation...05 - Navigation, Guidage et Pilotage 31 06 - Thermodynamique , Combustion, Propulsion et Energ6tique 35 07 - Structures, Mat~riaux et M~canique appliqu

  5. 14 CFR 61.105 - Aeronautical knowledge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... “Aeronautical Information Manual” and FAA advisory circulars; (4) Use of aeronautical charts for VFR navigation using pilotage, dead reckoning, and navigation systems; (5) Radio communication procedures; (6) Recognition of critical weather situations from the ground and in flight, windshear avoidance, and...

  6. 46 CFR 401.720 - Authority of the Director over operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Authority of the Director over operations. 401.720 Section 401.720 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... physical or economic inability to do so, or when the Certificate of Authorization is under suspension...

  7. 46 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology A Appendix A to Part... RATEMAKING Pt. 404, App. A Appendix A to Part 404—Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology Step 1: Projection of... ratemaking methodology is to project the amount of target pilot compensation that pilotage rates...

  8. 46 CFR 401.220 - Registration of pilots.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... for Applicant Pilots prescribed by the association authorized to establish the pilotage pool, (3... registration of the Applicant. (d) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this section, a... printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov. ...

  9. AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENT AND COCKPIT LIGHTING BY RED OR WHITE LIGHT.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    sur la vision des differents modes d’eclairage du tableau de bord ; Merits of red or white lighting for naval use; Assessment of red and white...versus white lighting on dark adaptation using a simulated instrument panel for preadaptation; Les problemes d’eclairage des postes de pilotage ; Human

  10. 46 CFR Appendix A to Part 404 - Ratemaking Analyses and Methodology

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... adjusted. Annual cost inflation or deflation rates will be projected to the succeeding navigation season... projection, the Director forecasts the amount of fair and reasonable operating expenses that pilotage rates... Association; (b) determination of recognizable expenses; (c) adjustment for inflation or deflation; and (d...

  11. 46 CFR 401.340 - Compliance with working rules of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... utilizing the facilities and dispatching services of any authorized pool shall comply with its working rules approved under § 402.320, except to the extent inconsistent with the dispatch orders of the Director under... to reciprocal dispatching and related services by United States and Canadian pilotage pools...

  12. 46 CFR 401.300 - Authorization for establishment of pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Authorization for establishment of pools. 401.300 Section 401.300 Shipping COAST GUARD (GREAT LAKES PILOTAGE), DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GREAT LAKES... § 401.300 Authorization for establishment of pools. (a) Voluntary associations of U.S. registered...

  13. 76 FR 60751 - Shipping and Transportation; Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... amendments. These changes will have no substantive effect on the public. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast... addressee for appeals involving decisions or actions of the Director, Great Lakes Pilotage from CG-5 to CG.... Sec. 111.79-1(d) and 111.79-3 where the requirements of former Sec. 111.79- 7 were moved by the Coast...

  14. Maritime Information Sources: A Guide to Current Statistical Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-12-01

    for each port listed. The ports are grouped by country and locality and are listed in geographic sequence following the coastal trend. Ports of off...facilities, rail connections, bunkering and repair facilities, pilotage, towage, local and national charges against shippings, plans and recent developments...description, harbor and channel improvements by the U.S. and local interests, tidal ranges and channel depths, anchorages, bridges, tunnels, and weather

  15. Technical Evaluation Report on the Guidance and Control Panel 53rd Symposium on Air Vehicle Mission Control and Management (La Gestion et le Controle des Missions des Vehicules Aeriens)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-07-01

    d’importance dans le guidage et le pilotage des vehicules aeriens. Les developpements dans ce domaine representent des contributions d’une importance...d’un vehicule non-pilots. fonctionner en mode automatique. Les communications techniques ont examine les realisations et les tendances actuelles dans...le domaine de la gestion des missions des vehicules aeriens, presente !’tat de I’art et propos, des solutions technologiques pour la conception des

  16. Causes of General Aviation Weather-Related, Non-Fatal Incidents: Analysis Using NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    ed A pp ro ac h- ca pa bl e au to pi lo t-e qu ip pe d Com Nav Avoidance De-ice A/P 18 For the sake of completeness, the last four rows of... DME ...H.21 Navigation In Use: [Localizer, ILS, FMS/FMC, GPS/Area Nav , INS, NDB, Pilotage, VOR, Other _____] H.22 Flight Phase: [Ground: Parked

  17. 78 FR 32410 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ...In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the U.S. Coast Guard is forwarding an Information Collection Request (ICR), abstracted below, to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), requesting an approval of revisions to the following collection of information: 1625-0086, Great Lakes Pilotage. Before submitting this ICR to OMB, the Coast Guard is inviting comments as described below.

  18. Pilot Inventory Complex Adaptive System (PICAS): An Artificial Life Approach to Managing Pilot Retention.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-03-01

    statistics also provides a means by which to compare different executions of the model. As with any simulation, multiple runs produce distributional...weight scroll bar and a new fitness function is produced. This new fitness function is compared to the pilot-agent’s current fitness function and used to...execution of the simulation. This method allows the user to view model results and compare different model runs. The statistics displayed are those

  19. Aircraft Response to Turbulence.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    rique et son influence our le pilotage et les charges ont 6tf ralentles -slnon ebandonnies- dana beaucoup de pays :lee mfthodes de certification...donno - le nombre d’heures do vol effectugos cheque mole par chaquo avion d’un typo donnfi ; le tableau I prisente cotta Information, pour los 50...d’informations pour cheque fivinoment observi, qui comprend, par colonnes successivos ( tableau 111): - le typo do l’avion, - le numfiro repire de 1’avion

  20. Advanced Technology for SAM Systems Analysis Synthesis and Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-01

    naltre, de se d~velooper, de se n~rimer, souvent de renaltre :en matit’re de Capteurs d’informations, le radar et lea proctd~s 6lectro- optiques ont...pbles d~i d~nominateur. 5-4S La riponse naturelle du missile i un ordre de pilotage est de ce fait fid~le, rapide et peu affect~e per 1 ’oscillation

  1. Report of the Inland Waterway Transport (IWT) Mission, 5 February-20 April 1985. Appendices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    Pilotage Department, BIWTA Mr. Anib Ahmed Chief, Deck Personnel Training Centre, BIWTA Mr. Anwar Hussain Chief, Ports & Traffic Department, BIWTA...Mauk Muhammad Saeed Chief (T&C), Planning & Khan Development Division Mr. Abdul Ras.id Shaikh Secretary, Irrigation & Power, Government of Sind Mr...Individual Position Titles Mr. Mohsin Shaikh Chief Engineer Development, Government of Sind Mr. Munir Ahmad Bhatti Director, (Planning & Foreign Assistance

  2. Update of the AN/AVS-7 Head-Up Display program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicholson, Robert K.; Troxel, David

    1996-06-01

    The AN/AVS-7 head up display (HUD) system is designed to enhance night vision goggle pilotage by superimposing aircraft, navigation and flight symbology on the aviator's night vision imaging system. The AN/AVS-7 system is produced by AEL Industries Inc., Cross Systems Division under a five year production contract with the Army's Communications and Electronics Command. The program is managed by the Army's Project Manager for Night Vision, Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition.

  3. Pilot-Vehicle Interface

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-03-01

    facteurs humains lies au pilotage des avions de combat tres manoeuvrants] To order the complete compilation report, use: ADA388054 The component part...whether providing this sizes and distances to external objects. abundant amount of information is in the pilot’s best 6.3.1.2 HMD/T Symbology Size...more feasible under high acceleration of operator movement and external electrical activity conditions, compared to head or hand movement, on signal

  4. Ports and Waterways Safety Assessment: Workshop Report, Torres Strait, Australia, Annex A

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-03-23

    request by ship owner. o Mojan Reef – inexperience with GNE Channel. • No compulsory pilotage. Major issue of vessels less than 70 metres in length...Language barriers not an issue. • Fish near the #1 Reef , but usually stay away from the channels, so no need for radio traffic. Recreational...opportunity due to the tides. • Collisions have occurred in: o GNE Channel o Kirkcaldie Reef Trends: • No trends discussed. Existing

  5. Mobile infrared scene projection for aviation applications: issues and experiences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zabel, Kenneth W.; Stumpf, Richard; Casey, Mark A.; Martin, Larry

    2002-07-01

    The U.S. Army Aviation Technical Test Center (ATTC) provides developmental test support to the Army's aviation community. An increasing dependence on modeling and simulation activities has been required to obtain more data as funding decreases for traditional flight-testing. The Mobile Infrared Scene Projector (MIRSP) system, maintained and operated by ATTC, is being used to gather initial data to measure the progress of developmental Forward Looking IR (FLIR) system activities. The Army continues to upgrade and add new features and algorithms to their FLIR sensors. The history with MIRSP shows that it can benefit the FLIR system development engineers with immediate feedback on algorithm changes. ATTC is also heavily involved with testing pilotage FLIR sensors that typically are less algorithm intensive. The more subjective nature of the pilotage sensor performance specifications requires a unique test approach when using IRSP technologies. This paper will highlight areas where IRSP capabilities have benefited the aviation community to date, describe lessons that ATTC has gained using a mobile system, and outline the areas being planned for upgrades and future support efforts to include pilotage sensors.

  6. Almaz

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Viter, V.

    1993-01-01

    The basic data of the automatic space station ALMAZ-1B is overviewed, including the orbit parameters and maximum power. The principal technical characteristics of its remote sensing equipment is listed for the synthetic aperture and side-looking radar, optoelectronic equipment for stereophotography, high-resolution electronic scanner, middle-resolution optomechanical scanner, spectroradiometer for ocean satellite monitoring, and information transmission and reception. The main objectives and uses of the ALMAZ-1B information are cartography, land monitoring, geology, ecological monitoring, oceanology, pilotage, fishery, and information supply during an emergency such as controlling situation in natural disasters.

  7. Cognitive Task Analysis (l’Analyse des taches cognitives)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-10-01

    pilotage, guidage, gestion de produits chimiques), aujourd’hui, le CTA est principalement utilisé pour des tâches décisionnelles telles que le...adéquation entre les fonctions système et les capacités cognitives humaines (2) optimisation des performances système et de la charge de travail (3...S.E. DGA Etas Division Facteurs Humains Professor Emeritus Cognitive & Neural S&T Division BP 36 Route de Laval The University of Warwick Office of

  8. Specialists Meeting on Helicopter Design Mission Load Spectra

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-08-01

    enrogistreur do bord h 5 piates. Au d6but do l’ktude, noue avions aong4 h enregistrer lea donndes aous forms magndtique et h faire du ddpouil- lement...limit6 h l’dpoquo h 6,4 t. L𔃾valua- tion a port6 our 5 machines dunr l’une dtait dffectde h une 4cole de pilotage et lea autree baades done 4...lament 5 % au voiainage do cotte dernibre (ontro 95 ot 100 %). A titre comparatif, noun avons4 i indiqu6 dona Is mime tableau ia rdpartition does masses

  9. Instrumental laser beam systems in navigation using scattered radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oshlakov, Viktor G.

    1998-06-01

    Molecular and aerosol scattering of laser radiation, propagating in the atmosphere, makes it possible to visualize it in space. This phenomenon can be used for navigation in the navy, air force and astronautics. The laser radiation scattering is known to be used in the visual laser beam systems. The scattered laser radiations is small as compared with direct laser radiation and safe for sight. The method being developed uses the scattering effect and enables one to create the instrumental laser beam systems for pilotage alone fairways and approach canals in coastal waters and seaports.

  10. Conference Proceedings of the Guidance and Control of Unmanned Air Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-08-01

    d’assurer la prEcision requise, on utilise un capteur cartographique radar actif qui compare les cartes obtenues en temps r~el avec les donnles des zones...survolles mdmoris~es dans le missile avant tir. Ce capteur radar actif permet, en outre et si besoin, ]a d~tection et l’identification d’objectifs (chars...autonomes, sont connus de longue date dans le domaine militaire. Les progr s realis6s recemment en guidage et pilotage dans le domaine des capteurs et du

  11. Captain Edmond Halley, F.R.S., Royal Navy, and the practice of navigation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waters, D. W.

    Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, Astronomer Royal (1720 - 42), is rarely thought of or mentioned as a sea captain or a scientific seaman. Yet his shiphandling in the course of three voyages in command of Their Majesties' Pink Paramore (1698 - 1701) is in itself proof that his seamanship was of the highest order. Similarly, the practical innovations that he made in the arts of navigation and pilotage, in the form of printed sea charts and sailing directions, were fundamentally scientific and therefore remain relevant today.

  12. Target identification and navigation performance modeling of a passive millimeter wave imager.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, Eddie L; Furxhi, Orges

    2010-07-01

    Human task performance using a passive interferometric millimeter wave imaging sensor is modeled using a task performance modeling approach developed by the U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate. The techniques used are illustrated for an imaging system composed of an interferometric antenna array, optical upconversion, and image formation using a shortwave infrared focal plane array. Two tasks, target identification and pilotage, are modeled. The effects of sparse antenna arrays on task performance are considered. Applications of this model include system trade studies for concealed weapon identification, navigation in fog, and brownout conditions.

  13. Artificial intelligence and simulation

    SciTech Connect

    Holmes, W.M.

    1985-01-01

    The research and development of AI are discussed. Papers are presented on an expert system for chemical process control, an ocean surveillance information fusion expert system, a distributed intelligence system and aircraft pilotage, a procedure for speeding innovation by transferring scientific knowledge more quickly, and syntax programming, expert systems, and real-time fault diagnosis. Consideration is given to an expert system for modeling NASA flight control room usage, simulating aphasia, a method for single neuron recognition of letters, numbers, faces, and certain types of concepts, integrating AI and control system approach, testing an expert system for manufacturing, and the human memory.

  14. High-performance IR detector modules for Army applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutz, H.; Breiter, R.; Rutzinger, S.; Schallenberg, T.; Wendler, J.; Ziegler, J.

    2013-06-01

    Since many years AIM delivers IR-modules for army applications like pilotage, weapon sights, UAVs or vehicle platforms. State-of-the-art 640x512, 15μm pitch detector modules are in production in manifold configurations optimized for specific key requirements on system level. This is possible due to a modular design, which is best suited to meet the diversity of system needs in army applications. Examples are optimization of detector-dewar length for gimbal applications, size weight and power reduction for UAVs or lifetime enhancement for vehicle platforms. In 2012 AIM presented first prototypes of megapixel detectors (1280x1024, 15μm pitch) for both spectral bands MWIR and LWIR. These large format detector arrays fulfill the demand for higher spatial resolution, which is requested for applications like rotorcraft pilotage, persistent surveillance or tasks like determination of threat level in personnel targets. Recently, a new tactical dewar has been developed for the 1280x1024 detector arrays. It is designed to withstand environmental stresses and, at the same time, to quest for a compact overall package. Furthermore, the idea of a modular design will be even more emphasized. Integration of different cooler types, like AIM's SX095 or rotary integral, will be possible without modification of the dewar. The paper will present development status of large format IR-modules at AIM as well as performance data and configuration considerations with respect to army applications.

  15. S. 1461: Oil Tanker Navigation Safety Act of 1989. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, August 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This bill would enhance the navigation safety of oil tankers. Title I, Provisions applicable to nationally licensed personnel, explains provisions relating to motor vehicle driving records of vessel personnel; dangerous drugs and other grounds for suspension or revocation; alcohol testing and alcohol rehabilitation; prohibition on service; vessel traffic services; oil tanker construction and size; oil spill contingency plans and approval; international inventory of equipment and contractors; national council on oil spill technology research and development; oil spill disaster assistance; impact on other laws; penalties; and a report on user fees. Title II, Provisions applicable with respect to Alaska pilotage at Port of Valdez, includes explanations of Bligh reef light; Prince William Sound VTS; oil spill recovery institute; and the Trans-Alaska pipeline liability fund. Title III, Provisions applicable to Mississippi River radio communications on Mississippi River, is also included.

  16. Aircrew laser eye protection: visual consequences and mission performance.

    PubMed

    Thomas, S R

    1994-05-01

    Battlefield laser proliferation poses a mounting risk to aircrew and ground personnel. Laser eye protection (LEP) based on current mature, mass-producible technologies absorbs visible light and can impact visual performance and color identification. These visual consequences account for many of the mission incompatibilities associated with LEP. Laboratory experiments and field investigations that examined the effects of LEP on visual performance and mission compatibility are reviewed. Laboratory experiments assessed the ability of subjects to correctly read and identify the color of head-down display symbology and tactical pilotage charts (TPC's) with three prototype LEP visors. Field investigations included Weapons Systems Trainer (WST), ground, and flight tests of the LEP visors. Recommendations for modifying aviation lighting systems to improve LEP compatibility are proposed. Issues concerning flight safety when using LEP during air operation are discussed.

  17. The history of passive millimetre-wave imaging at QinetiQ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Appleby, R.

    2008-10-01

    A review of the equipments developed between 1950 and 2008 is given. In the 1950s the first airborne 35 GHz radiometer was flight tested on a Lincoln bomber. Initial results were encouraging but radar and thermal imaging were becoming established and offered more general utility. The technology was based on valves and the equipment occupied a large part of the rear of the aircraft. As semiconductor technology matured and gave rise to low noise mixers and amplifiers, new equipments were developed. In 1992, MITRE, a 94 GHz data collection system based on superheterodyne receivers, provided non real time high quality imagery and stimulated interest in both surveillance and security, with images through fog and clothing being demonstrated. More recently real time imaging based on a folded conically scanned Schmidt camera has been developed for helicopter pilotage and surveillance.

  18. Calendar of Selected Aeronautical and Space Meetings July 1988 (Calendrier des Manifestations Aeronautiques et Spatiales (Selecgion) Juillet 1988)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-01

    Electronique, Optique et M~trologie 6 03 - M46anique dui Vol 33 04 - Dynamnique des Fluides; et Acoustique 35 05 - Navigation, Guidage et Pilotage 42 06...Ferromagnetism 07-06, 07-10, 07-12, 07-58, 07-73, 07-74, 07-76, 07-78, 07-79 Fibre Optics 02-08, 02-10, 02-22, 02-23, 02-32, 02-33, 02-35, 02-65, 02-73, 02...74, 02-88, 02-93, 02-94, 02-107, 02-113 Fibre Reinforced Plastics 07-19, 07-27, 12-10 Films 07-21 Filters 04-21 Finite Element Methods 09-17 Fire

  19. Perceptual issues for color helmet-mounted displays: luminance and color contrast requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harding, Thomas H.; Rash, Clarence E.; Lattimore, Morris R.; Statz, Jonathan; Martin, John S.

    2016-05-01

    Color is one of the latest design characteristics of helmet-mounted displays (HMDs). It's inclusion in design specifications is based on two suppositions: 1) color provides an additional method of encoding information, and 2) color provides a more realistic, and hence more intuitive, presentation of information, especially pilotage imagery. To some degree, these two perceived advantages have been validated with head-down panel-mounted displays, although not without a few problems associated with visual physiology and perception. These problems become more prevalent when the user population expands beyond military aviators to a general user population, of which a significant portion may have color vision deficiencies. When color is implemented in HMDs, which are eyes-out, see-through displays, visual perception issues become an increased concern. A major confound with HMDs is their inherent see-through (transparent) property. The result is color in the displayed image combines with color from the outside (or in-cockpit) world, possibly producing a false perception of either or both images. While human-factors derived guidelines based on trial and error have been developed, color HMD systems still place more emphasis on colorimetric than perceptual standards. This paper identifies the luminance and color contrast requirements for see-through HMDs. Also included is a discussion of ambient scene metrics and the choice of symbology color.

  20. [Drag-out in metal finishing industries].

    PubMed

    Laforest, V; Piatyszek, E; Mojaat, W; Bourgois, J

    2005-10-01

    Currently, environmental regulations induce industrialists to implement source reduction techniques in order to comply with the prevention principle toward sustainable development. The project PIPSI (PIlotage Propre des Systèmes Industriels/industrial system dean piloting) financing by Rhone-Alps Region is carried out with the aim to contribute to this objective. The study presented in this article concerns the pollution transfer in a metal finishing treatment line in order to minimise the environmental impact obtained notably with the pollution balance. Drag-out and draining phenomena have been particularly studied. Results obtained showed that a 10 seconds of draining reduced drag-out from 65 to 85% in terms of pieces design. Moreover, during the experiments, 5 drag-out levels were identified by medium values from 26 to 1700 ml m(-2). So that, either a piece can be associated to a level or knowing the piece drag-out level, it is possible to evaluate its medium drag-out value. Then the pollution balance will be obtained more easily.

  1. CMS Preprocessing Subsystem user`s guide. Software version 1.2

    SciTech Connect

    Didier, B.T.; Gash, J.D.; Greitzer, F.L.; Havre, S.L.; Ramsdell, J.V.; Turney, C.R.

    1993-10-01

    The Common Mapping Standard (CMS) Data Production System (CDPS) produces and distributes CMS data in compliance with the Common Mapping Standard Interface Control Document, Revision 2.2. Historically, tactical mission planning systems have been the primary clients of CMS data. CDPS is composed of two subsystems, the CMS Preprocessing Subsystem (CPS) and the CMS Distribution Subsystem (CDS). This guide describes the operation of CPS, which is responsible for the management of source data and the production of CMS data from source data. The CPS system was developed for use on a workstation running Ultrix 4.2, and X Window System Version X11R4, and Motif Version 1.1. This subsystem is organized into four major functional groups: CPS Executive; Manage Source Data; Manage CMS Data Preprocessing; and CPS System Utilities. CPS supports the production of CMS data from the following source chart, image, and elevation data products: Global Navigation Chart; Jet Navigation Chart; Operational Navigation Chart; Tactical Pilotage Chart; Joint Operations Graphics-Air; Topographic Line Map; ARC Digital Raster Imagery; Digital Terrain Elevation Data (Level 1); and Low Flying Chart.

  2. The role of the pilot's night vision system (PNVS) and the integrated helmet and display sighting system (IHADSS) in AH-64 Apache accidents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stelle, Jessica A.; Reynolds, Barbara S.; Rash, Clarence E.; Peterson, R. David; Leduc, Patricia A.

    2003-09-01

    Helmet-mounted displays (HMDs), while not new, are a unique method of providing pilotage and targeting imagery to aviators. Although there are a number of HMDs in various phases of design, the AH-64s Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS) is currently the Army's only fielded integrated HMD. A number of studies have investigated the visual and perceptual issues associated with the monocular optical design of the IHADSS in combination with the AH-64s forward looking infrared (FLIR) thermal sensor (Pilots Night Vision System - PNVS). While these systems have greatly enhanced the operational effectiveness of the AH-64, they have resulted in reports of physiological complaints, degraded visual cues, and both static and dynamic illusions. This study investigated the possible role the IHADSS HMD and PNVS may have played in AH-64 Apache accidents. A total of 217 AH-64 accidents (FY85-02) were analyzed and assigned causal factors associated with the use of the IHADSS and PNVS. The resulting analysis failed to identify any significant role between these systems and flight-related accidents.

  3. Navigation in Animals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, G. V. T.

    This paper was first published in the Journal in 1969 (Vol. 22, p. 118). It is followed by comments from John Kemp.The last twenty-one years have seen some very striking advances in our knowledge of how animals can determine their location. In many cases we have learned that they have available a wider range of stimuli than ourselves for recognizing landmarks and for pilotage within their home area. Thus the associated senses of smell and taste are extraordinarily well developed in some species. The ability of the males of certain moths to detect the scent emitted by females at very considerable distances had long been known. More recently the extreme sensitivity, and selectivity, of fish to waterborne odours has led to an understanding of how they locate their home waters. As but one example, eels have shown reactions to concentrations of chemicals as low as 3 18, equivalent to but two or three molecules within the fish's olfactory sac. In other cases animals have developed sensitivities of which we have little or no conception. Ecolocation is employed by certain birds, by many marine animals and reaches a peak of efficiency in the case of bats. Not only do the latter detect sounds of much higher frequency than ourselves, they also respond to echoes of sounds they emitted but 0·001 seconds earlier. We have little appreciation of the sensations produced by the pressure-receptors in the lateral-line organs of fish.

  4. Back pain in Polish military helicopter pilots.

    PubMed

    Truszczyńska, Aleksandra; Lewkowicz, Rafał; Truszczyński, Olaf; Rąpała, Kazimierz; Wojtkowiak, Mieczysław

    2012-06-01

    Low back pain in pilots of military helicopters is widely discussed in the world literature. Vibrations and improper seat configuration cause that cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine might be exposed to overloading. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and intensity of pain in the spine as well as to identify subjective risk factors of back pain and its effect on the pilot's actions while flying a helicopter. 112 pilots, aged 25-56 years (mean age: 34.8 ± 6.3 years), actively flying helicopters, participated in the questionnaire survey. The questionnaire containing five groups of questions, elaborated by the authors, was used. 70% of the pilots reported pain complaints. Pain was localized in different parts of the spine. Uncomfortable body posture during prolonged flights resulting from the lack of lumbar support exerted the highest effect on pain provocation. This questionnaire survey enabled to determine the prevalence of pain, its type and intensity. Knowledge on low back pain imposes the necessity to eliminate the negative environmental effect on helicopter pilotage. Elimination of risk factors is possible through appropriate physical exercises and adjustment of pilots' seats. The authors plan to conduct--in the future--detailed annual examinations among pilots with back pain and, based on the results, to elaborate a prophylactic program containing simple forms of isometric and isotonic training involving paravertebral and deep abdominal muscles designed specifically for pilots of military helicopters.

  5. Symbology display unit: night vision symbology for the AH-64, increasing mission effectiveness and safety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parise, Michael; McIntire, Dennis

    2006-05-01

    An important capability has been developed for the AH-64 that provides increased mission effectiveness and improved flight safety. First introduced for the Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting Subsystem (IHADSS) on the Agusta A-129, the Symbology Display Unit (SDU) provides IHADSS symbology to the aviator through the Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS) (Night Vision Goggles). Specifically designed for compatibility with the AH-64 and the Legacy IHADSS display and head tracking system, the SDU provides seamless integration of this critical capability into the cockpit. The SDU has been adapted to the IHADSS on the AH-64 and is currently in early fielding within both the US and UK fleets. Although the use of ANVIS on the AH-64 is not a new concept, the ability to display IHADSS symbology integrated with the head tracker is. With the display of IHADSS symbology within the ANVIS field of view, additional capabilities and benefits are realized, including sighting and weapons control, mission performance during poor FLIR conditions, increased target recognition, and improved safety realized by the availability of heads-up pilotage information.

  6. Proof of principle for helmet-mounted display image quality tester

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsieh, Sheng-Jen; Harding, Thomas H.; Rash, Clarence E.; Beasley, Howard H.; Martin, John S.

    2003-09-01

    Helmet mounted displays (HMDs) provide essential pilotage and fire control imagery information for pilots. To maintain system integrity and readiness, there is a need to develop an image quality-testing tool for HMDs. There is currently no such tool. A framework for development of an image quality tester for the Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS) used in the U.S. Army's AH-64 was proposed in Hsieh et al. This paper presents the prototype development, summarizes the bench test findings using three IHADSS helmet display units (HDUs), and concludes with recommendations for future directions. The prototype consists of hardware (two cameras, sensors, image capture/data acquisition cards, battery pack, HDU holder, moveable rack and handle, and computer) and software algorithms for image capture and analysis. Two cameras with different apertures were mounted in parallel on a rack facing the HDU holder. A handle was designed to allow users to position the HDU in front of the two cameras. The HMD test pattern was then captured. Sensors are used to detect the position of the holder and whether the HDU was angled correctly in relation to the camera. Two sets of unified algorithms were designed to detect features presented by the two cameras. These features include focus, orientation, displacement, field-of-view, and number of gray-shades. Images of test pattern were captured and analyzed, and used to develop a specification for each inspection feature. Experiments were conducted to verify the robustness of the algorithms. A worst-case scenario for factors such as clock-wise and counterclockwise tilt, degree of focus, magnitude of brightness and contrast, and shifted images were set up and evaluated. Bench testing of three field-quality HDUs indicate that the image analysis algorithms are robust and able to detect the desired image features. Suggested future work includes development of a learning algorithm to automatically develop or revise feature

  7. [Validation of a prevention and detection procedure for physical and economic abuse of the elderly].

    PubMed

    Goikoetxea Iturregui, Marije; Moro Inchartieta, Alvaro; Martínez Rueda, Natxo

    2017-07-19

    The study carried out for the «Physical and economic abuse sign detection procedure for the elderly in the Basque Country» Pilotage and Validation is described. There barely exist appropriate and validated tools to assist the issue, and the existing ones are hardly adequate for people with cognitive deterioration; therefore, the issue's both visibility in our society and professional intervention are strained. The proposed procedure is a composed by screening tool that determines a likelihood of abuse and an evaluation of signs for determining the abuse practice. It is intended to be used in the social area as well as the sanitary one by any professional. It is composed of two questionnaires: one of risk-factor valuation and a second one concerning indicators based on three severity levels. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used. The sample was made of 649 elders: 596 evaluated by the risk-factor questionnaire, 138 by the indicators questionnaire, and 85 evaluated by both; 94 professionals from several backgrounds (sanitary, social and economic) participated. Eight of the detected cases were checked by the team of experts that elaborated the procedure; the sessions were analysed after their transcription. The procedure has been validated as sensitive for its goal, being equally valid for the social and health areas. It can be used by any professional, although some differences have been detected. As regards the ability to differentiate items and the final evaluation of the severity of the situation, some changes and corrections have been proposed. Copyright © 2017 SEGG. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  8. Optimized MCT IR-modules for high-performance imaging applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breiter, R.; Eich, D.; Figgemeier, H.; Lutz, H.; Wendler, J.; Rühlich, I.; Rutzinger, S.; Schallenberg, T.

    2014-06-01

    In today's typical military operations situational awareness is a key element for mission success. In contrast to what is known from conventional warfare with typical targets such as tanks, asymmetric scenarios now dominate military operations. These scenarios require improved identification capabilities, for example the assessment of threat levels posed by personnel targets. Also, it is vital to identify and reliably distinguish between combatants, non-combatants and friendly forces. To satisfy these requirements, high-definition (HD) large format systems are well suited due to their high spatial and thermal resolution combined with high contrast. Typical applications are sights for long-range surveillance, targeting and reconnaissance platforms as well as rotorcraft pilotage sight systems. In 2012 AIM presented first prototypes of large format detectors with 1280 × 1024 elements in a 15μm pitch for both spectral bands MWIR and LWIR. The modular design allows integration of different cooler types, like AIM's split linear coolers SX095 or SX040 or rotary integral types depending whatever fits best to the application. Large format FPAs have been fabricated using liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) grown MCT. To offer high resolution in a more compact configuration AIM started the development of a 1024 × 768 10μm pitch IRmodule. Keeping electro/optical performance is achieved by a higher specific charge handling capacity of the readout integrated circuit (ROIC) in a 0.18μm Si CMOS technology. The FPA size fits to a dewar cooler configuration used for 640 × 512 15μm pitch modules.

  9. Small pixel pitch MCT IR-modules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutz, H.; Breiter, R.; Eich, D.; Figgemeier, H.; Fries, P.; Rutzinger, S.; Wendler, J.

    2016-05-01

    It is only some years ago, since VGA format detectors in 15μm pitch, manufactured with AIM's MCT n-on-p LPE standard technology, have been introduced to replace TV/4 format detector arrays as a system upgrade. In recent years a rapid increase in the demand for higher resolution, while preserving high thermal resolution, compactness and low power budget is observed. To satisfy these needs AIM has realized first prototypes of MWIR XGA format (1024x768) detector arrays in 10μm pitch. They fit in the same compact dewar as 640x512, 15μm pitch detector arrays. Therefore, they are best suited for system upgrade purposes to benefit from higher spatial resolution and keep cost on system level low. By combining pitch size reduction with recent development progress in the fields of miniature cryocoolers, short dewars and high operating temperatures the way ahead to ultra-compact high performance MWIR-modules is prepared. For cost reduction MBE grown MCT on commercially available GaAs substrates is introduced at AIM. Recently, 640x512, 15μm pitch FPAs, grown with MBE have successfully passed long-term high temperature storage tests as a crucial step towards serial production readiness level for use in future products. Pitch size reduction is not limited to arrays sensitive in the MWIR, but is of great interest for high performance LWIR or 3rd Gen solutions. Some applications such as rotorcraft pilotage require superior spatial resolution in a compact design to master severe weather conditions or degraded visual environment such as brown-out. For these applications AIM is developing both LWIR as well as dual band detector arrays in HD-format (1280x720) with 12μm pitch. This paper will present latest results in the development of detector arrays with small pitch sizes of 10μm and 12μm at AIM, together with their usage to realize compact cooled IR-modules.

  10. Convertisseur de reequilibrage de la tension d'un reseau

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richardeau, Frédéric; Aouda, Noureddine; Meynard, Thierry

    1997-08-01

    This paper deals with the design, the control and the simulation of a voltage balancing static converter for a three phases utility distribution. Unbalancing sources and compensator structures are studied and compared. The balancing method consists in injecting the load currents negative and zero sequence in opposite phase by means of a PWM voltage source inverter. The identification of the load currents negative sequence is based on the fluctuating active and reactive power computing allowing a transient state compensation. A general formulation is proposed allowing to relate the unbalance parameters to the inverter design. The compensation currents and the DC voltage loops are studied and carried out. Presented simulation results allow to validate control loops and to refine the theoretical study on the basis of a specification. This study has been supported by a research contract between the LEEI and the CENTRALP Automatismes company. Cet article traite du dimensionnement, du pilotage et de la simulation d'un convertisseur statique de rééquilibrage dynamique de la tension d'un réseau de distribution. Les sources de déséquilibre sont identifiées et les structures statiques de rééquilibrage sont décrites. Le principe du rééquilibrage consiste en une compensation des systèmes inverse et homopolaire de courants au moyen d'un onduleur de tension en modulation de largeur d'impulsion. L'identification du système inverse de courants repose sur le calcul des puissances active et réactive fluctuantes mises en jeu par la charge déséquilibrée, permettant une compensatiori en régime transitoire. Une formulation générale du dimensionnement du compensateur est proposée permettant de lier les paramètres caractéristiques du déséquilibre à la valeur des éléments constitutifs. L'asservissement des courants et la régulation de la tension de l'onduleur sont analysés. Les résultats de simulation ont permis de valider et d'affiner l'étude théorique sur

  11. Application d'une technique de modelisation aerodynamique conceptuelle sur la simulation d'un pilote automatique a commande optimale pour un avion d'affaires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pollender-Moreau, Olivier

    Ce document présente, dans le cadre d'un contexte conceptuel, une méthode d'enchaînement servant à faire le lien entre les différentes étapes qui permettent de réaliser la simulation d'un aéronef à partir de ses données géométriques et de ses propriétés massiques. En utilisant le cas de l'avion d'affaires Hawker 800XP de la compagnie Hawker Beechcraft, on démontre, via des données, un processus de traitement par lots et une plate-forme de simulation, comment (1) modéliser la géométrie d'un aéronef en plusieurs surfaces, (2) calculer les forces aérodynamiques selon une technique connue sous le nom de Vortex Lattice Method, (3) construire un modèle de vol servant à la simulation des aéronefs pour leur enveloppe de vol en ajoutant des fonctions supplémentaires, (4) construire un modèle de turbosoufflante simplifié, (5) développer un algorithme d'équilibre (trim) du mouvement longitudinal, (6) développer des algorithmes de contrôle à commande moderne, (7) développer certaines fonctions d'un système de pilotage automatique, et (8) rassembler le tout sous une même plate-forme de simulation. Afin de supporter ce travail, une application publique Matlab, connue sous le nom de Tornado, est utilisée conjointement avec d'autres fonctions pour la conception du modèle de vol aérodynamique. D'ailleurs, il sera démontré que le modèle de vol, quoiqu'il soit quand même crédible, ne concorde pas tout à fait avec les données de référence. Par contre, puisque le modèle des moteurs fonctionne bien, que l'algorithme d'équilibrage du mouvement longitudinal fonctionne bien et que les pôles des systèmes dynamiques concordent avec la littérature, les tests dynamiques effectués au sein de la plate-forme de simulation permettent d'obtenir des résultats fonctionnels et crédibles. D'ailleurs, deux systèmes d'augmentation de la stabilité basés sur la méthode de contrôle moderne LQR et couvrant l

  12. Recce and UAV: mass memory an enabling technology for merger

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hall, Walter J., Jr.

    1996-11-01

    In the era of Declining Defense Dollars, the cost of sophisticated aircraft and highly trained personnel has heightened interest in Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs). The obvious lure is the lower vehicle cost (no crew station and crew support systems) and reduced needs for highly skilled air crews. Reconnaissance (commonly called recce) aircraft and their missions are among the commonly sighted applications for UAVs. Today's UAV recce aircraft (such as the Predator) are the genesis of much more sophisticated UAVs of the future. The evolution of the UAV will not be constrained to recce aircraft, but the recce mission will be significant for UAVs. The recce hole has historically been that of a battlefield data collector for post mission review and planning. In the electronic battlefield of the future, that role will be expanded. Envisioned mission for future recce aircraft include real-time scout, target location and fire coordination, battle damage assessment, and large area surveillance. Associated with many of these new roles is the need to store or assess much higher volumes of data. The higher volume data requirements are the result of higher resolution sensors (the Advanced Helicopter Pilotage infrared sensor has a data rate of near 1.2 Gigabits per second) and multi-sensor applications (the Multi-Sensor Aided Targeting program considered infrared, TV, and radar). The evolution of the UAV recce role, and associated increased data storage needs (from higher data rates and increased coverage requirements), requires the development of new data storage equipment. One solution to the increased storage needs is solid-state memory. As solid-state memories become faster, smaller, and cheaper they will enable the UAV recce mission capability to expand. Because of the speed of the memory, it will be possible to buffer and assess (identify the existence of targets or other points of interest) data before committing to consumption of limited storage assets. Faster memory

  13. Low dark current MCT-based focal plane detector arrays for the LWIR and VLWIR developed at AIM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gassmann, Kai Uwe; Eich, Detlef; Fick, Wolfgang; Figgemeier, Heinrich; Hanna, Stefan; Thöt, Richard

    2015-10-01

    For nearly 40 years AIM develops, manufactures and delivers photo-voltaic and photo-conductive infrared sensors and associated cryogenic coolers which are mainly used for military applications like pilotage, weapon sights, UAVs or vehicle platforms. In 2005 AIM started to provide the competences also for space applications like IR detector units for the SLSTR instrument on board of the Sentinel 3 satellite, the hyperspectral SWIR Imager for EnMAP or pushbroom detectors for high resolution Earth observation satellites. Meanwhile AIM delivered more than 25 Flight Models for several customers. The first European pulse-tube cooler ever operating on-board of a satellite is made by AIM. AIM homes the required infrared core capabilities such as design and manufacturing of focal plane assemblies, detector housing technologies, development and manufacturing of cryocoolers and also data processing for thermal IR cameras under one roof which enables high flexibility to react to customer needs and assures economical solutions. Cryogenically cooled Hg(1-x)CdxTe (MCT) quantum detectors are unequalled for applications requiring high imaging as well as high radiometric performance in the infrared spectral range. Compared with other technologies, they provide several advantages, such as the highest quantum efficiency, lower power dissipation compared to photoconductive devices and fast response times, hence outperforming micro-bolometer arrays. However, achieving an excellent MCT detector performance at long (LWIR) and very long (VLWIR) infrared wavelengths is challenging due to the exponential increase in the thermally generated photodiode dark current with increasing cut-off wavelength and / or operating temperature. Dark current is a critical design driver, especially for LWIR / VLWIR multi-spectral imagers with moderate signal levels or hyper-spectral Fourier spectrometers operating deep into the VLWIR spectral region. Consequently, low dark current (LDC) technologies are the