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Sample records for postradiation malignant fibrous

  1. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid].

    PubMed

    Rossi, P; Ducasse, A; Pluot, M; Brugniart, C; Gotzamanis, A; Jouhaud, F

    2002-12-01

    Fibrous histiocytomas, mostly benign, have often been reported in the orbit, but only four lesions have been described on the eyelids, with only one malignant. The authors present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid in a 76-year-old woman with a difficult histological diagnosis. Characteristics of this pathology are explained from data in the literature.

  2. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Case report].

    PubMed

    Morlino, A; Rossi, M T; Fabrizio, T; Scutari, F

    2010-03-01

    Malignant fibroous histiocytoma (MFH) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma, that most frequently occurs in the muscles of the extremities and in abdominal or in retroperitoneal space of young adults. It is seldom confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is rarely diagnosed before excision and pathological exam, and has an unfavorable prognostic in some cases. This work reports the case of a 94 years old patient with originally cutaneous MFH stressing the importance of the early diagnosis.

  3. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor in retroperitoneum

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Yihong; Chu, Xi; Yi, Ye; Tong, Liang; Dai, Yingbo

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumor occurs in various sites. Malignant SFT in retroperitoneum is extremely rare. Patient concerns: We report a case of malignant retroperitoneal SFT in a 59-year-old man presented with right flank pain for 1 month. Diagnoses, interventions and outcomes: A laparotomy and resection of the tumor were performed, the histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings were consistent with malignant retroperitoneal SFT. No adjuvant treatment was performed, and the patient had no signs of recurrence or metastasis at the 12 months follow-up. Lessons: Complete surgical excision is the basic treatment principle for malignant retroperitoneal SFT. The histologic features and the Ki-67 label index are helpful for the diagnosis of malignant SFT. PMID:28296778

  4. Postirradiation sarcoma (malignant fibrous histiocytoma) following cervix cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Pinkston, J.A.; Sekine, I.

    1982-02-01

    A case of postirradiation sarcoma is described. The tumor, a malignant fibrous histiocytoma, occurred in the radiation field 11 years following postoperative external beam radiation therapy (7000 rad) for carcinoma of the cervix. Reports of postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma are rare, and the occurrence of this neoplasm following treatment of cervix cancer has not previously been described. The literature concerning postirradiation bone and soft tissue sarcomas is briefly reviewed, with special attention to malignant fibrous histiocytomas.

  5. Osteogenic sarcoma. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma subtype.

    PubMed

    Ballance, W A; Mendelsohn, G; Carter, J R; Abdul-Karim, F W; Jacobs, G; Makley, J T

    1988-08-15

    A distinctly different entity from the now well-delineated malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of bone is the MFH histopathologic subtype of osteogenic sarcoma. Although uncommon, recently the authors have encountered six cases of this neoplasm, in each of which the soft tissue component was devoid of bone elements and was microscopically indistinguishable from MFH of bone or soft tissue. Neoplastic osteoid and woven bone were present in the osseous component of each tumor, however. Radiologically, the lesions generally were osteoblastic but focally osteolytic with features typical of osteogenic sarcoma. Pain was the most common presenting symptom. There was no age or sex predilection. Immunocytochemical staining showed strong positivity with alpha-1-antichymotrypsin within malignant bizarre giant cells and occasional neoplastic osteoblasts in five cases. The biological behavior followed a very aggressive course. Four of the six patients developed pulmonary metastases 6 to 12 months after initial surgery; one patient presented initially with pulmonary metastases. Adequate tumor sampling as well as optimal correlation with clinical and radiographic information are required to distinguish the MFH subtype of osteogenic sarcoma from MFH of bone, both being high-grade neoplasms, however.

  6. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the colon. Report of the case and review of the subject.

    PubMed

    Baltaziak, M; Zimnoch, L; Sobaniec-Lotowska, M; Kemona, A; Dziecioł, J

    1993-01-01

    Primary and metastatic malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the alimentary tract is uncommon, even though it is the most frequently diagnosed malignant soft tissue tumor in adults. In this report, we describe a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the colon.

  7. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma associated with coxofemoral arthrodesis.

    PubMed

    Olmedo, Daniel G; Michanié, Ernesto; Oivi, Liliana; Santini-Araujo, Eduardo; Cabrini, Rómulo L

    2007-01-01

    The discovery of biomaterials led to their use in the manufacture of implants for biomedical applications. In vivo, no metal or alloy is completely inert. The potential toxicity of some of the metals most frequently employed in the manufacture of orthopedic implants has been reported. Their carcinogenic potential has been evaluated in experimental animal models. However, few reports have discussed the potential development of malignant tumors associated with prosthetic structures in humans. The present study documents a case of intraosseous sarcoma that developed in the vicinity of a metallic prosthesis 43 months after a coxofemoral arthrodesis with metallic pins and screws. With this report the authors seek to contribute to the understanding of the potential toxicity and risks of using metallic implants. Since metallic implants employed in the rehabilitation of osteo-muscular-articular disorders usually remain in the organism for long periods of time, the need to monitor the metallic structures and the adjacent tissues is extremely relevant.

  8. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma: pleomorphic sarcoma NOS or pleomorphic fibrosarcoma].

    PubMed

    Meister, P

    2005-03-01

    The entity and nosology of pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is still ambiguous. The actual WHO-Classification uses pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) and pleomorphic sarcoma NOS (not otherwise specified) synonymously. On the other hand text and illustrations convey the impression, that these tumors also could be pleomorphic lipo-, leio- or rhabdomyosarcomas etc. It would have been more informative to emphasize, that with the above mentioned specific sarcoma types MFH-like appearance may occur. Furthermore it would have been more up to date to consider pleomorphic sarcomas NOS as pleomorphic fibrosarcomas and include them in the chapter of fibroblastic and myofibroblastic tumors. This concept already has been carried out for the former myxoid variant of MFH, nowadays preferentially called myxofibrosarcoma. There is controversial discussion about the clinical significance of exact typing of pleomorphic sarcomas. Problems may also occur due to the lack of standards, which degree of desmin expression signifies leiomyosarcoma or just indicates myofibroblasts in MFH. The requirement of exclusion of other tumor-types before diagnosing pleomorphic fibrosarcoma still remains obligatory. After verification of the diagnosis pleomorphic sarcoma NOS or pleomorphic fibrosarcoma, grading e.g. according to criteria of the FFCCS can be carried out. Most cases of pleomorphic fibrosarcoma will qualify as high grade malignant.

  9. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma developing in irradiated sacral chordoma

    SciTech Connect

    Halpern, J.; Kopolovic, J.; Catane, R.

    1984-06-15

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), arising at the site of a sacral chordoma 8 years after massive radiotherapy, is described. Initially, the patient received 7000 rad to the sacral area and, on recurrence, 5 years later, an additional 4000 rad. Two years later, a sacral mass was noted again. Biopsy then revealed MFH; chest x-ray showed multiple lung metastases. A combination chemotherapy, consisting of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin (doxorubicin), and DTIC, resulted in a 6 month partial response. Subsequently, the patient died because of progressive metastatic disease. At autopsy, 8 years after diagnosis, both the sacral lesion and the lung metastases proved to be MFH, and no residual chordoma was found.

  10. Primary pulmonary malignant fibrous histiocytoma: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xiongfei; Liu, Renwang; Shi, Tao; Dong, Shangwen; Ren, Fan; Yang, Fan; Ren, Dian; Fan, Haiyang; Wei, Sen; Chen, Gang

    2017-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma known to occur in various organs. Primary MFH arising in the lung is quite rare. Herein we report a case of a 61-year-old male with primary pulmonary MFH and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Five gene mutations in TSC2, ARID1B, CDK8, KDM5C and CASP8 were detected, and the mTOR inhibitor might be an effective treatment for this patient. In addition, we reviewed the scientific literature of approximately 23 primary pulmonary MFH case reports since 1990 and summarized the clinical features and prognosis of this rare pulmonary malignant tumor. PMID:28932590

  11. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the chest wall in a nonagenarian].

    PubMed

    Kodama, K; Igase, M; Kazatani, Y; Matsuzaki, K; Murakami, E; Kokubu, T

    1995-01-01

    We report a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the chest wall observed in a 94-year-old woman. She noticed appetite loss and general edema a week before admission. The patient was diagnosed as having congestive heart failure due to valvular heart disease on the basis of echocardiographic findings and became symptom-free by treatment with vasodilators and diuretics. However, chest roentgenogram disclosed a extrapleural mass in the left mid-lateral chest. About 2 months after admission, she experienced left lateral chest pain for the first time. The chest CT scan revealed a 5 x 5 x 2 cm mass, adjacent to the lateral-posterior chest wall and projecting into the thoracic cavity and rib osteolysis. Gallium-67 citrate scintigram showed abnormal isotope accumulation in the left middle chest. Biopsy was not done. The therapeutic approach was mainly pain relief, and no tumor resection, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy was performed. The mass increased in size, and increasingly extended into the thoracic cavity on follow-up CT scans. Furthermore, marked invasion of the tumor to subcutis and subscapula was found. She died of cachexia and respiratory failure 34 weeks after admission. Histologic examination revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

  12. Proposal of a new grading system for malignant fibrous histiocytomas.

    PubMed

    Brinck, Ulrich; Cordon-Cardo, Carlos; Stachura, Jerzy; Bortkiewicz, Pawel; Fischer, Gösta; Korabiowska, Monika

    2005-01-01

    The proposed grading system for malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) comprises 3 grades of malignancy. Analogous to other grading systems, the system includes the factors of mitotic rate and necrosis. In addition to these two factors, the concept of cellularity was included. The prognostic relevance of the grading systems published by Costa, Coindre, van Unnik, Pezzi and Tsujimoto as well as the grading system proposed by the present study was tested on 161 MFH. The results showed that all grading systems tested produced clearly significant differences (p < 0.01) with regard to the survival estimated for patients with various grades of malignancy. These results revealed the superiority of systems that use 3 grades of malignancy over a 2-grade classification. The proposed grading system yielded a lower percentage of grade II tumours (37%) than the grading systems of Coindre (60%) and van Unnik (70%). In the multivariate analysis of all grading systems, the proposed grading system was the only one to show prognostic relevance (p < 0. 05).

  13. Interleukin-8 Producing Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma with Prolonged Fever

    PubMed Central

    Osaka, Shunzo; Hayakawa, Satoshi; Yoshida, Yukihiro; Sakurada, Eisaku; Ryu, Junnosuke; Sugitani, Masahiko

    2006-01-01

    We present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma accompanied by prolonged spiking fevers, which disappeared after tumor resection. Sarcoma with fever as a primary symptom is rare. Furthermore, in this case, fever was closely related to the clinical course of the tumor. In order to detect possible production of febriferous substance(s), we used blood and tumor tissue samples to investigate nine candidate cytokines possibly responsible for the fever. Expression of IL-8 mRNA was detected in preoperative peripheral blood mononuclear cells by RT-PCR. Expressions of IL-6, IL-8, IFN-γ and TNF-α mRNAs were also detected in tumor tissue, while IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4 and COX-2 mRNAs were not. We suspected IL-8 to be a causative factor, and examined its localization by immunohistochemical staining, paraffin sections of tumor tissue stained positive for IL-8. Since infiltrating mononuclear cells were positive for IL-8, this may explain the tumor-associated fever. This case involves intratumoral production of IL-8 as a causative factor, and IL-6, IL-8, IFN-γ and TNF-α cytokine production might have resulted from stimulation with a substance(s) derived from tumor tissue, since the fever disappeared postoperatively. To date the patient is alive and in good health for 7 years and 2 months since the surgery. PMID:17460768

  14. Retroperitoneal Cystic Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Mimicking a Psoas Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Madan Mohan; Bahri, Nandini; Watal, Pankaj; Rathod, Ketan; Thaker, Siddarth; Bhandari, Parthiv; Dhamecha, Ketul; Ajudia, Jasmin

    2015-01-01

    Primary neoplasms in the psoas muscle including schwannoma and soft tissue sarcoma with secondary cystic degeneration are rare entities. They are difficult to distinguish from psoas abscess purely based on radiological findings. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in the retroperitoneum is an uncommon entity in contrast to liposarcoma and leiomyosarcoma. Psoas abscess is a common infection in the retroperitoneum, especially in regions where tuberculosis is endemic. In the current case, the patient presented with gradually progressive lower abdominal pain and raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), lymphocyte count and sputum positive for acid fast bacilli. There was a presence of previous history of skeletal tuberculosis. Imaging revealed well-defined multilocular cystic lesion involving the left psoas muscle which along with the clinical scenario suggested psoas abscess. However, post-operative biopsy showed the lesion to be a MFH with extensive cystic degeneration. To the best of our knowledge, cystic MFH mimicking an abscess has been previously reported only once in an oncology literature. PMID:26557275

  15. [Systemic enzymotherapy as a method of prophylaxis of postradiation complications in oncological patients].

    PubMed

    Hubarieva, H O; Kindzel's'kyĭ, L P; Ponomar'ova, O V; Udatova, T V; Shpil'ova, S I; Smolanka, I I; Korovin, S I; Ivankin, V S

    2000-01-01

    Set out in the paper are results of treatment of those patients with carcinoma of the lung, uterine cervix, hysterocarcinoma, breast cancer, malignant thymomas, malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and lymphogranulematosis having been administered combined, chemoradiation or radiation treatments against the background of a complex of accompanying therapy involving systemic enzymotherapy. Polyenzymic drugs were found to be capable of improving results of treatment of acute radiation reactions and preventing postradiation fibrous changes in the lungs, skin, fatty tissue, soft tissue, liver, kidneys. Thus, systemic enzymotherapy is capable of improving the quality of life and results of treatment of oncological patients.

  16. Fibrous Dysplasia Mimicking Malignancy on 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT.

    PubMed

    Papadakis, Georgios Z; Millo, Corina; Sadowski, Samira M; Karantanas, Apostolos H; Bagci, Ulas; Patronas, Nicholas J

    2017-03-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of the bone is a developmental benign skeletal disorder characterized by replacement of normal bone and normal bone marrow with abnormal fibro-osseous tissue. We report on a case of a biopsy-proven fibrous dysplasia lesion in the left temporal bone, with intensely increased activity (SUVmax, 56.7) on Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. The presented data indicate cell surface overexpression of somatostatin receptors by fibrous dysplastic cells and highlight the need of cautious management of Ga-DOTATATE-avid bone lesions, which could mimic malignancy especially in patients with history of neuroendocrine tumors.

  17. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma expressing cytokeratin. Implications for the immunodiagnosis of sarcomas

    SciTech Connect

    Weiss, S.W.; Bratthauer, G.L.; Morris, P.A.

    1988-07-01

    A malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the sacrum complicating the course of radiation therapy for endometrial carcinoma is presented. Although the tumor fulfilled the clinical, radiologic, and histologic criteria for a postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone, it also expressed cytokeratin. That this immunoreactivity reflected keratin synthesis by the tumor and not an unusual pattern of cross-reactivity with another intermediate filament such as vimentin is strongly suggested by the reproducibility of the immunoreactivity utilizing both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies and extinction of the immunoreactivity following absorption of the primary antiserum with keratin proteins. This is the first reported instance of keratin expression by a malignant fibrous histiocytoma; it indicates that sarcomas apart from synovial sarcoma and epithelioid sarcoma may sometimes express this protein.

  18. Benign paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor with malignant clinical features.

    PubMed

    Khallouk, Abdelhak; Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Elmehdi; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Paratesticular tumors are rare intrascrotal masses that grow mainly in structures containing connective tissue around the testis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. We report here on a case of a 55-year-old man with a mass in the hemiscrotum that was found to be a paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor in the orchiectomy specimen pathologic examination. From this case report and literature review, a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy is demonstrated for the management of this uncommon lesion.

  19. Benign Paratesticular Fibrous Pseudotumor With Malignant Clinical Features

    PubMed Central

    Khallouk, Abdelhak; Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Elmehdi; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Paratesticular tumors are rare intrascrotal masses that grow mainly in structures containing connective tissue around the testis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. We report here on a case of a 55-year-old man with a mass in the hemiscrotum that was found to be a paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor in the orchiectomy specimen pathologic examination. From this case report and literature review, a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy is demonstrated for the management of this uncommon lesion. PMID:22232570

  20. A rare case of carcinosarcoma of breast: Coexistence of mucinous carcinoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

    PubMed

    Liu, Min; Liu, Bailong; Song, Yanqiu; Dong, Lihua

    2015-01-01

    Carcinosarcoma (CS) of breast is a rare disease. Published reports provided little consensus about its clinical characteristics and optimal treatment protocols. Here we present a patient with CS of breast (mucinous carcinoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma) and review related literature. Combined modality treatment (CMT) brings at least 2 year disease-free survival (DFS). Our case highlights the possibility of breast CS and helps to expand our understanding of this distinct breast malignancy.

  1. Thallium 201 and Gallium 67 uptake in malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the heart

    SciTech Connect

    Minamiji, K.; Yamasaki, T.; Nakao, M.; Furumoto, M.; Yoshida, Y.

    1986-02-01

    A patient with malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the heart is described who was initially presented with a left atrial tumor. Subsequent /sup 201/Tl and /sup 67/Ga scintigraphy showed massive uptake of the tracers by the tumor and the pattern of uptake was thought to reflect underlying necrosis and hemorrhage within the tumor.

  2. Postoperative Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation of the Pelvic

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Chao; Zhang, Yong; Jing, Ming; Qu, Wei; Li, Jia; Zhao, Xiang-Rong; Yu, Yong-Hua

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvic is an uncommon neoplasm with nonspecific symptoms. Reports of malignant transformation are especially rare. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor in pelvic. A unique feature of our case compared with previously reported is that this patient relapsed with malignant transformation and had significant response to radiotherapy. The patient was initially treated with surgery, followed by postoperative dimensional conformal intensity modulated radiation therapy (dynamic MLC VRIAN 23EX Linac, inversely optimized by the Eclipse system) to provide a radical cure for residual tumor. In this case, there were no signs of recurrence after six and a half years of further follow-up, indicating that postoperation radiotherapy may be an effective treatment for SFT with malignant transformation in pelvic. PMID:26765426

  3. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: report of the first case managed with interferon.

    PubMed

    Cuello, Javier; Brugés, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the kidney are extremely rare tumors with unpredictable behavior. We describe a case of a patient with a solitary fibrous tumor of kidney with malignant findings with distant metastasis and nephrectomy managed with subcutaneous interferon achieving 23 months of progression-free survival. To date there is no prospective evaluation of any specific modality of treatment, but the surgical management and long-term followup are the only ones so far recommended strategies in the management of these patients. Studies are awaited with more patients to evaluate the different strategies of systemic therapy reported so far to allow adding survival benefit.

  4. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney: Report of the First Case Managed with Interferon

    PubMed Central

    Cuello, Javier; Brugés, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the kidney are extremely rare tumors with unpredictable behavior. We describe a case of a patient with a solitary fibrous tumor of kidney with malignant findings with distant metastasis and nephrectomy managed with subcutaneous interferon achieving 23 months of progression-free survival. To date there is no prospective evaluation of any specific modality of treatment, but the surgical management and long-term followup are the only ones so far recommended strategies in the management of these patients. Studies are awaited with more patients to evaluate the different strategies of systemic therapy reported so far to allow adding survival benefit. PMID:23401821

  5. Primary giant cell malignant fibrous histiocytoma-associated with renal calculus

    PubMed Central

    Altunkol, Adem; Savas, Murat; Ciftci, Halil; Gulum, Mehmet; Yagmur, Ismail; Bitiren, Muharrem

    2014-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) are the most commonly seen soft tissue sarcomas in adults. It is rarely seen in some visceral organs. Kidneys are the parenchymal organs in which MFHs are most frequently seen. More than 50 cases of primary renal MFH have been reported. Among these cases, only 1 was reported as primary giant cell subtype in association with urolithiasis. This case report is the second such case with the these characteristics. PMID:24678364

  6. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma: Database review suggests a favorable prognosis in the head and neck.

    PubMed

    Borucki, Robert B; Neskey, David M; Lentsch, Eric J

    2017-10-08

    The malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of the head and neck. Currently, most of the data on this tumor relies on small retrospective studies. The objective of this study is to use the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to compare characteristics of this tumor based on location to better understand its prognosis in the head and neck region. This article represents the largest study analyzing prognosis of this tumor in the head and neck to date. Retrospective analysis of SEER database. Using the SEER database, 395 patients with MFH of the head and neck were compared with 3,968 patients with MFH of the trunk and extremities. Disease-specific survival was carried out comparing these two cohorts, as well as univariate and multivariate analysis to determine hazard ratios. Head and neck MFH had a significantly higher disease-specific survival compared with trunk and extremity disease. However, head and neck tumors were more frequently a smaller size (P < .0001) and lower grade (P < .0001). Larger tumors and grade III and IV tumors conferred a worse prognosis (P < .0001). Head and neck malignant fibrous histiocytoma presents at a smaller size and lower grade, likely due to earlier presentation in this region. Because of this, head and neck malignant fibrous histiocytoma represents a more favorable survival prognosis compared with trunk and extremity disease. 4. Laryngoscope, 2017. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  7. Primary intraosseous malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the skull: a case report.

    PubMed Central

    Joo, Mee; Lee, Ghi Jai; Koh, Young-Cho; Kwon, O-Ki; Park, Yong-Koo

    2003-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a rare primary neoplasm that constitutes less than 1% of the malignant tumors of bone, and involvement of the skull is very rare. We present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the skull, presenting an intraosseous lesion in a 43-yr-old woman. She had a rapidly growing, tender mass in the right parietal region. A plain radiograph showed an osteolytic lesion of the right parietal bone. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the lesion showed heterogeneous low signal intensity on T1-weighted images and slightly high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. No evidence of an extraosseous extension to the adjacent dura and soft tissue was found, and a wide excision of the parietal bone was performed. Histologically, the tumor was a typical MFH displaying pleomorphic spindle cells in a storiform pattern. The results of immunohistochemical stainings revealed that the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, and p53, and negative for smooth muscle actin, S100 protein, desmin, and MyoD1. Three months later, a mainly cystic, recurrent mass was developed at the previously operated site. Before the resection, we first performed the percutaneous aspiration cytology, revealing diagnostic multinucleated pleomorphic cells. Thereafter, she had to receive repetitive resections of recurrent or residual lesions, and she died of postoperative meningoencephalitis two years after the first operation. PMID:12923345

  8. Postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Tillotson, C.; Rosenberg, A.; Gebhardt, M.; Rosenthal, D.I.

    1988-07-01

    The oncogenic effects of radiation are well-established. Osteosarcomas and fibrosarcomas are the two most common histologic types of secondary sarcoma. In this article a case of postradiation osteosarcoma is presented in which four discrete foci of sarcomatous transformation have occurred in the tibia and fibula after irradiation for a rhabdomyosarcoma of the calf 8 years earlier. A review of the literature reveals no similar case. Although synchronous, multifocal osteosarcoma without prior radiation has been described, this case differs in clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features; it best fits the description of postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma.

  9. Postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Tillotson, C; Rosenberg, A; Gebhardt, M; Rosenthal, D I

    1988-07-01

    The oncogenic effects of radiation are well-established. Osteosarcomas and fibrosarcomas are the two most common histologic types of secondary sarcoma. In this article a case of postradiation osteosarcoma is presented in which four discrete foci of sarcomatous transformation have occurred in the tibia and fibula after irradiation for a rhabdomyosarcoma of the calf 8 years earlier. A review of the literature reveals no similar case. Although synchronous, multifocal osteosarcoma without prior radiation has been described, this case differs in clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features; it best fits the description of postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma.

  10. A fibrous histiocytoma of intermediate malignancy arisen from the parotid gland.

    PubMed

    Khalkhali, Kazem; Azizi, Mohammad-Reza; Atighechi, Saeid

    2007-01-01

    The light microscopic and immunohistochemical characteristics of a case of fibrous histiocytoma of intermediate malignancy arising from the parotid gland are presented. This neoplasm is rare in this site and must be distinguished from other spindle cell tumors of the parotid gland, particularly those of epithelial and myoepithelial origins. Histologic characteristics similar to those displayed by dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans help to differentiate this tumor from other spindle cell tumors. The absence of cytochemical epithelial markers is useful for establishing the diagnosis. This tumor appears to have arisen from mesenchymal elements within the gland.

  11. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of long bones: long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Özkurt, Bülent; Başarır, Kerem; Yıldız, Yusuf H; Kalem, Mahmut; Sağlık, Yener

    2016-08-01

    This study aims to evaluate patients diagnosed with malignant fibrous histiocytoma and investigate the possible prognostic factors associated with duration of survival. The study, which was conducted between May 1994 and September 2013, included 14 patients diagnosed as malignant fibrous histiocytoma (12 males, 2 females; median age 48 years; range 17 to 64 years). We evaluated patients' demographic features, location of the pathology, histological findings, surgical margins, and treatment modalities and investigated the effects of these parameters on survival. Femur was the most frequently involved bone, followed by tibia and humerus. The median follow-up duration of the patients was 129 months. We performed limb salvage surgeries in 13 patients and amputation in one patient. Surgical margins were marginal in three patients and postoperative radiotherapy was performed for local control of the disease. Although there was no local recurrence in these patients, distant metastasis developed in two patients, indicating the importance of surgical margin as a significant factor on survival. Five-year survival rate was 81.9% in patients with wide surgical margins and 33.3% in patients with marginal margins. Surgical excision with wide margins and adjuvant chemotherapy provided adequate control of the disease and longer survival. The only prognostic factor statistically significantly associated with duration of survival was surgical margins. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be used when there is a suspicion of not obtaining adequately wide surgical margin perioperatively due to close association with neurovascular structures.

  12. A Squamous Cell Carcinoma and a Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Developing in a Patient with a Mature Cystic Teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Tahaoglu, Ali Emre; Ege, Serhat; Bakir, Mehmet Sait; Saruhan, Gülbin; Aksin, Serif; Gul, Talip

    2017-01-01

    We present a very rare case of malignant transformation of a benign mature cystic teratoma. The pathology report revealed malignant transformation of both the epithelial and sarcomatous elements of a benign dermoid cyst. To the best of our knowledge, this appears to be the third case of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma and a squamous cell carcinoma developing from a mature cystic teratoma. Malignant transformation of a dermoid cyst is usually diagnosed postmenopausally, but our patient was premenopausal. The etiology and prognosis of malignant transformation of this benign condition remain unknown. PMID:28203171

  13. Alterations of the retinoblastoma and p16 pathway correlate with promoter methylation in malignant fibrous histiocytomas.

    PubMed

    Brinck, Ulrich; Schlott, Thilo; Störber, Steffi; Stachura, Jerzy; Bortkiewicz, Pawel; Nagel, Wolf-Dieter; Hasse, Frank Michael; Cordon-Cardo, Carlos; Fischer, Gösta; Korabiowska, Monika

    2006-01-01

    Recent reports indicate that the alterations in the p16 and pRb pathways can influence tumour progression and poor prognosis in several tumours. The objective of this study was to analyse p16 and pRb expression in161 patients with malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH). By immunohistochemistry, p16 and pRb were demonstrated in 25% and 56% of MFH, respectively. Cox regression analysis demonstrated an independent prognostic influence of both genes. Generally, the loss of p16 and pRb expression correlated with poorer prognosis. Promoter methylation of p16 was found in 16/42 of p16 negative MFH and of pRb in 2/42 of pRb-negative MFH. It can be concluded that p16 and pRb alterations play an important role in the progression of soft tissue sarcomas.

  14. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast. A case report and review of the literature

    SciTech Connect

    Langham, M.R. Jr.; Mills, A.S.; DeMay, R.M.; O'Dowd, G.J.; Grathwohl, M.A.; Horsley, J.S.

    1984-08-01

    The clinicopathologic features of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in a female breast are presented. Seven cases have been previously reported. These may be divided into three subgroups based on history and pathologic findings. Three of the seven occurred in women without a history of other tumors or previous irradiation. One appeared with a cystosarcoma phyllodes, and three arose following radiation for carcinoma of the breast. The patient in this study had received no radiation. Treatment has been based on surgical resection; the roles of chemotherapy and radiation are uncertain. Although resection alone in the first subgroup has lead to no reported mortality, the small number of cases and the relatively short follow-up does not allow a meaningful assessment of the prognosis in this disease.

  15. Cross Species Genomic Analysis Identifies a Mouse Model as Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma/Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Mito, Jeffrey K.; Riedel, Richard F.; Dodd, Leslie; Lahat, Guy; Lazar, Alexander J.; Dodd, Rebecca D.; Stangenberg, Lars; Eward, William C.; Hornicek, Francis J.; Yoon, Sam S.; Brigman, Brian E.; Jacks, Tyler; Lev, Dina; Mukherjee, Sayan; Kirsch, David G.

    2009-01-01

    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma/Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) is one of the most common subtypes of human soft tissue sarcoma. Using cross species genomic analysis, we define a geneset from the LSL-KrasG12D; Trp53Flox/Flox mouse model of soft tissue sarcoma that is highly enriched in human MFH. With this mouse geneset as a filter, we identify expression of the RAS target FOXM1 in human MFH. Expression of Foxm1 is elevated in mouse sarcomas that metastasize to the lung and tissue microarray analysis of human MFH correlates overexpression of FOXM1 with metastasis. These results suggest that genomic alterations present in human MFH are conserved in the LSL-KrasG12D; p53Flox/Flox mouse model of soft tissue sarcoma and demonstrate the utility of this pre-clinical model. PMID:19956606

  16. Giant malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis/spermatic cord: psychologic and possible etiologic complications of unethical Nazi medical experimentation.

    PubMed

    Staiman, V R; O'Toole, K M; Rubin, M A; Lowe, F C

    1996-12-01

    This case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the testis/spermatic cord was found in a Holocaust survivor who was injected with an unknown substance in the left testicle while in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1943. Because malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a neoplasm rarely found in this location, with only 26 previously reported cases, a review of this entity was performed. A review of Nazi medical practices in the literature and through the Holocaust Museum research department was undertaken in an attempt to ascertain identification of the unknown substance injected into this patient; however, exact identification of the Auschwitz experiment or experimenter could not be determined. A left radical orchiectomy was performed, and subsequent histolopathologic review revealed a well-encapsulated 27 x 22 x 17-cm malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The left testis was not clearly identified due to necrosis of the tumor. This is the largest malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the spermatic cord/testis recorded in the literature to date. Based on the unusual location and size, the intratesticular injection probably contributed to the tumor development and certainly caused the patient's delay in seeking medical treatment.

  17. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of thoracic spine with distant metastases: Second reported case and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Biswas, Rituparna; Halder, Anirban; Ramteke, Prashant P; Pandey, Rambha

    2017-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) usually originates from the pleura because of abnormal proliferation of fibroblast cells. It is extremely rare for the tumor to originate from the spine. Here, we report the second case of malignant SFT of thoracic spine with distant metastases in a 35-years-old female. PMID:28250642

  18. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma at the site of an alumina-on-alumina-bearing total hip arthroplasty mimicking infected trochanteric bursitis.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Pil Whan; Jang, Woo Young; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Yoon, Kang Sup; Kim, Hee Joong

    2012-02-01

    Although the incidence of malignant tumors in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is known to be lower than the general population, there exist several reports on the development of malignant tumors at the site of THAs. We report another case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma at the site of a THA, which was developed in an older patient who presented a cystic mass around the total hip prosthesis using a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing system, even without evidence of osteolysis or loosening of implants. This is the second case associated with an aluminum oxide prosthesis in English literature.

  19. CT findings in malignant pleural mesothelioma related to nonoccupational exposure to asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite)

    SciTech Connect

    Erzen, C.; Eryilmaz, M.; Kalyoncu, F.; Bilir, N.; Sahin, A.; Baris, Y.I. )

    1991-03-01

    Endemic malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Turkey is related to two mineral fibers, tremolite asbestos and fibrous zeolite (erionite). Thirteen cases of MPM from the Cappadocian area, where the soil is rich in erionite, and 29 cases of MPM, from villages whose occupants have high asbestos exposure, were examined by CT. The CT findings of the two groups of MPM were compared with respect to the configuration of the pleural lesions, stage of disease, fissural involvement, pleural effusion, presence of calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis. In erionite-related MPM the pleural lesions were flat and smooth in 69.1%; in asbestos-related MPM the lesions were nodular in 55.1%. Stage IV disease, calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrosing pleuritis were more common in the erionite-related MPM. The rest of the findings were similar in both groups. The early radiological diagnosis of erionite-related MPM may be even more difficult because of the similarity of the pleural lesions to chronic fibrosing pleuritis.

  20. Reclassification and subtyping of so-called malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone: comparison with cytogenetic features

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The diagnostic entity malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of bone is, like its soft tissue counterpart, likely to be a misnomer, encompassing a variety of poorly differentiated sarcomas. When reviewing a series of 57 so-called MFH of bone within the framework of the EuroBoNeT consortium according to up-to-date criteria and ancillary immunohistochemistry, a fourth of all tumors were reclassified and subtyped. Methods In the present study, the cytogenetic data on 11 of these tumors (three myoepithelioma-like sarcomas, two leiomyosarcomas, one undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma with incomplete myogenic differentiation, two undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas, one osteosarcoma, one spindle cell sarcoma, and one unclassifiable biphasic sarcoma) are presented. Results All tumors were high-grade lesions and showed very complex karyotypes. Neither the overall pattern (ploidy level, degree of complexity) nor specific cytogenetic features distinguished any of the subtypes. The subgroup of myoepithelioma-like sarcomas was further investigated with regard to the status of the EWSR1 and FUS loci; however, no rearrangement was found. Nor was any particular aberration that could differentiate any of the subtypes from osteosarcomas detected. Conclusions chromosome banding analysis is unlikely to reveal potential genotype-phenotype correlations between morphologic subtypes among so-called MFH of bone. PMID:22588017

  1. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the abdominal cavity: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Atmatzidis, Konstantinos S; Pavlidis, Theodoros E; Galanis, Ioannis N; Papaziogas, Basilios T; Papaziogas, Thomas B

    2003-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a soft-tissue sarcoma originating from fibroblast cells, characterized by a high rate of metastasis or recurrence. This tumor rarely develops in the gastrointestinal tract, with no more than 30 cases described in the literature. We report a case of MFH of the abdominal cavity in a 45-year-old woman who presented with epigastric pain, anorexia, and weight loss. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen revealed multiple solid tumors in the peritoneal cavity. We performed exploratory laparotomy and found at least 15 solid whitish tumors attached to the wall of the small intestine, as well as to the parietal peritoneum. There were three metastases in the liver. All of the tumors were excised, most of which were about 10 cm in diameter. Histopathological findings indicated a stromal tumor consisting of spindle cells, and immunohistochemical examination of the resected specimens established the definite diagnosis of a pleomorphic MFH. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was given adjuvant chemotherapy. She is currently well 2 years after her operation. We review the clinical picture of this tumor in the abdominal cavity, and discuss its diagnosis, pathogenesis, and treatment.

  2. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor with Heterologous Rhabdomyosarcomatous Differentiation: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Jeong-Hwa; Song, Joon Seon; Jung, Hye Won; Lee, Jong-Seok; Cho, Kyung-Ja

    2017-01-01

    Malignant solitary fibrous tumor (MSFT) is a well-described entity, from which heterologous differentiation is extremely rare. We encountered a case of MSFT with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 56-year-old man. This patient presented with a large mass in his posterior thigh. He had been treated with chemoradiation for sarcoma involving the cervical spine, right femoral head, and both lungs 6 months earlier. A wide excision was performed. The mass measured 10.6 cm and showed a fish-flesh cut surface with necrotic foci. Microscopically, the tumor showed heterogeneous cellularity with a hemangiopericytic vascular pattern. A hypercellular area showed spindle cells or epithelioid cells with high mitotic activity (63/10 high-power fields) and immunoreactivity for CD34 and CD99. A hypocellular area and a cystic area showed pleomorphic rhabdoid cells with immunoreactivity for desmin and myogenin. This is a report of a rare case of MSFT with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation and presents new histologic features of MSFT. PMID:28152587

  3. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus in a Spray Painter from an Automobile Repair Shop

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background We report a case of a spray painter who developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the maxillary sinus following long-term exposure to chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde, implying that these agents are probable causal agents of MFH. Case report The patient developed right-sided prosopalgia that began twenty months ago. The symptom persisted despite medical treatment. After two months, he was diagnosed with MFH through imaging studies, surgery, and pathological microscopic findings at a university hospital in Seoul. His social, medical, and family history was unremarkable. The patient had worked for about 18 years at an automobile repair shop as a spray painter. During this period, he had been exposed to various occupational agents, such as hexavalent chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde, without appropriate personal protective equipment. He painted 6 days a week and worked for about 8 hours a day. Investigation of the patient’s work environment detected hexavalent chromium, chromate, nickel, and formaldehyde. Conclusions The study revealed that the patient had been exposed to hexavalent chromium, formaldehyde, and nickel compounds through sanding and spray painting. The association between paranasal cancer and exposure to the aforementioned occupational human carcinogens has been established. We suggest, in this case, the possibility that the paint spraying acted as a causal agent for paranasal cancer. PMID:24472378

  4. Primary Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Right Ventricle and Main Pulmonary Trunk with a Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Glock, Yves; Binon, J.P.; Rocchichioli, J.P.; Duboucher, Christophe; Kreidi, Rharid; Calazel, Jacques; Puel, Pierre; Bernadet, Pierre

    1989-01-01

    We report the case of a 76-year-old man with a malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the right ventricle and main pulmonary trunk, diagnosed through echocardiography and catheterization. Extensive resection of the right ventricular outflow tract, pulmonary valve apparatus, and main pulmonary trunk was performed, and the defect was repaired with a valveless ventriculo-pulmonary Dacron graft. The patient recovered uneventfully, and was doing well 18 months after surgery. To our knowledge, this is only the 15th case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the heart that has been documented in the literature since histologic criteria and cases were published in 1977-78, and the 2nd such case of a primary tumor that has arisen in a right cardiac chamber. The case is presented in detail, along with a review of the literature since 1978. (Texas Heart Institute Journal 1989;16:296-304) Images PMID:15227385

  5. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the abdominal cavity: CT findings and pathological correlation

    PubMed Central

    Karki, Bivek; Xu, Yi-Kai; Wu, Yuan-Kui; Zhang, Wei-Wei

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To study computed tomography (CT) features of abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in various rare locations. METHODS: We retroprospectively identified cases of MFH involving the abdominal cavity. Particular attention was paid to details regarding imaging features and histological types. RESULTS: The study population consisted of seven men and one woman, with a mean age of 52.5 years. Seven patients had some physical symptoms, while one was incidentally detected. The sites of origin were liver (n = 3), greater omentum (n = 1), superior mesentery (n = 1), ileum (n = 1), right psoas muscle (n = 1) and right kidney (n = 1). With the exception of the ileum lesion, all were of huge size. The contour of the lesions was more or less clear. Foci of necrosis were present in six lesions (n = 6). On plain CT scan, all lesions were hypo to iso dense. The lesion in the greater omentum was cystic. One lesion (n = 1) showed significant enhancement and the cystic lesion showed mild peripheral enhancement. An abundance of blood vessels surrounding the mass was seen in two lesions (n = 2) and both were of the inflammatory variety. Pathological examination revealed storiform-pleomorphic variety (n = 4), inflammatory variety (n = 3) and myxoid variety (n = 1). Two of the patients with inflammatory MFH had a clinical presentation of fever and one was afebrile, however, blood investigations in all three showed leukocytosis. CONCLUSION: Primary MFHs of the abdominal viscera and gastrointestinal tract are generally huge soft tissue masses containing areas of low attenuation and mild to moderate contrast enhancement. PMID:22590669

  6. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma: a proposed cellular origin and identification of its characterizing gene transcripts.

    PubMed

    Gazziola, Cinzia; Cordani, Nicoletta; Wasserman, Bruna; Carta, Sonia; Colombatti, Alfonso; Perris, Roberto

    2003-08-01

    Although malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is one of the most diffuse and highly aggressive tumors among soft tissue sarcomas in adults, it is poorly characterized from the molecular point of view. The overt lack of expression of phenotypic markers in MFH cells and the hypothesis that MFH may originate from transformed multipotent stem/progenitor cells with mesenchymal features has led us to investigate this notion and search for 'MFH-specific' genes. To address this problem, we have undertaken a differential display-based three-pair comparative mRNA profiling of bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and cells isolated by primary MFH, leiomyosarcoma and smooth muscle cells, fibrosarcoma and dermal fibroblasts. This approach highlighted pair-wise analogies in gene expression patterns between matched tumor and healthy cells and yielded direct access to 43 genes differentially expressed between MSC and MFH cells. Eleven of the identified genes were selected for comparative evaluation of their expression levels in other sarcoma types, as well as potential markers for the detection of circulating tumor cells. Several of these genes defined the stem/progenitor versus MFH cell and some of them have the potential to be exploited for disclosure of circulating sarcoma cells. The striking similarity in the gene expression patterns observed in the two cell types was further corroborated by a remarkable similarity in the cell phenotypic markers that these cells expressed ex vivo. The findings open now the possibility to examine, also functionally, genes not previously known to be implicated in MFH development and strengthen the hypothesis that MFH originates from a mesenchymal progenitor cell.

  7. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the area of the head and neck].

    PubMed

    Weber, B P; Kempf, H G; Kaiserling, E

    1992-01-01

    Although malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of adult life, it is fairly rare in the head and neck region (3-6%). Between 1983 and 1991 8 patients with MFH in the head and neck region have been observed and treated at the ENT-department of the University of Tübingen. 5 patients have been operated (laryngopharyngeal localization), 2 patients underwent irradiation (unresectable fast growing T4-tumors of the pharynx and thyroid) and one female patient refused further therapy after two resections elsewhere. Operated patients showed no evidence of disease 2-8 years after resection (all margins have been controlled histologically). Both irradiated patients died 4 respectively 2 months after full (70 Gy) and incomplete (17 Gy) radiotherapy without visible positive effects. Both patients developed pulmonary metastasis. Since MFH can grow in thin layers along musculaoponeurotic structures the exact size is not always demonstrable by ultrasound, CT or MR scans. Metastasis occur in up to 40%, preferentially in regionary lymph nodes, in lung, liver and skeletal system. These phenomenon requires a full pretherapeutic staging. Histologically MFH is sometimes hard to distinguish from other tumors as for example various sarcomas and pleomorphic carcinoma. Therefore, immunohistochemical (mesenchymal markers) and electron microscopical investigations are advised. Resection with exact histological controll of all margins is the therapy of choice. We experienced that laryngeal MFH (n = 3) can be resected without laryngectomy under certain circumstances. Although unsuccessfull in our two cases, according to the literature, radiotherapy should be administered in unresectable cases. Depending on localization and size of MFH long survival, in single cases healing, of this disease is possible by surgical treatment.

  8. Postradiation regional cerebral blood flow in primates

    SciTech Connect

    Cockerham, L.G.; Cerveny, T.J.; Hampton, J.D.

    1986-06-01

    Early transient incapacitation (ETI) is the complete cessation of performance during the first 30 min after radiation exposure and performance decrement (PD) is a reduction in performance at the same time. Supralethal doses of radiation have been shown to produce a marked decrease in regional cerebral blood flow in primates concurrent with hypotension and a dramatic release of mast cell histamine. In an attempt to elucidate mechanisms underlying the radiation-induced ETI/PD phenomenon and the postradiation decrease in cerebral blood flow, primates were exposed to 100 Gy (1 Gy = 100 rads), whole-body, gamma radiation. Pontine and cortical blood flows were measured by hydrogen clearance, before and after radiation exposure. Systemic blood pressures were determined simultaneously. Systemic arterial histamine levels were determined preradiation and postradiation. Data obtained indicated that radiated animals showed a decrease in blood flow of 63% in the motor cortex and 51% in the pons by 10 min postradiation. Regional cerebral blood flow of radiated animals showed a slight recovery 20 min postradiation, followed by a fall to the 10 min nadir by 60 min postradiation. Immediately, postradiation systemic blood pressure fell 67% and remained at that level for the remainder of the experiment. Histamine levels in the radiated animals increased a hundredfold 2 min postradiation. This study indicates that regional cerebral blood flow decreases postradiation with the development of hypotension and may be associated temporally with the postradiation release of histamine.

  9. Structure, growth and cell proliferation of human osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma xenografts in serial transplantation in nude mice.

    PubMed

    Broström, L A; Crnalic, S; Löfvenberg, R; Stenling, R; Boquist, L

    1996-11-01

    Tumour specimens from one patient with osteosarcoma and one with malignant fibrous histiocytoma were transplanted in serial passages in nude mice. Structure, growth and cell kinetics of the xenografts were studied in order to assess the validity of the two tumour models. Cell proliferation was analysed using in vivo labelling with the thymidine analogue iododeoxyuridine (IdUrd) and the IdUrd labelling index (LI) was determined by immunohistochemistry. The DNA index (DI) was examined by flow cytometry. The c-myc oncoprotein expression was studied by immunohistochemistry. More intense proliferation was observed in the peripheral parts of the tumours. There was no correlation between tumour growth and cell proliferation in the two tumour groups. Stability of the tumour models was indicated by low intrapassage and interpassage variations of DI, LI, and volume doubling time, and also by retained histopathological characteristics and c-myc staining patterns of donor patients' tumours during serial transplantation.

  10. Pulmonary artery sarcoma with angiosarcoma phenotype mimicking pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Bohn, Olga L; de León, Eric Acosta-Ponce; Lezama, Oscar; Rios-Luna, Nina P; Sánchez-Sosa, Sergio; Llombart-Bosch, Antonio

    2012-11-07

    Primary sarcomas of the major blood vessels can be classified based on location in relationship to the wall or by histologic type. Angiosarcomas are malignant neoplasms that arise from the endothelial lining of the blood vessels; those arising in the intimal compartment of pulmonary artery are rare. We report a case of pulmonary artery angiosarcoma in a 36-year old female with pulmonary masses. The patient had no other primary malignant neoplasm, thus excluding a metastatic lesion. Gross examination revealed a thickened right pulmonary artery and a necrotic and hemorrhagic tumor, filling and occluding the vascular lumen. The mass extended distally, within the pulmonary vasculature of the right lung. Microscopically, an intravascular undifferentiated tumor was identified. The tumor cells showed expression for vascular markers VEGFR, VEGFR3, PDGFRa, FGF, Ulex europaeus, FVIII, FLI-1, CD31 and CD34; p53 was overexpressed and Ki67 proliferative rate was increased. Intravascular angiosarcomas are aggressive neoplasms, often associated with poor outcome.

  11. Postradiation sarcoma involving the spine

    SciTech Connect

    Sundaresan, N.; Huvos, A.G.; Krol, G.; Hughes, J.E.; Cahan, W.G.

    1986-06-01

    Postradiation sarcomas arising many years after treatment of cancer are long term sequelae of therapy. We describe the clinical features, radiographic findings, and results of treatment in 13 patients with such sarcomas encountered over a 6-year period. Of these patients, 9 had bone sarcomas and the remaining 4 had paraspinal tumors arising from adjacent soft tissue and nerve. The primary cancer for which radiation was given included Hodgkin's disease (4 patients), breast cancer (2 patients), cervix cancer (2 patients), and a variety of others (5 patients). The latent interval to the occurrence of the second neoplasm varied from 6 to 30 years (median, 10 years) after treatment of the original tumor. Despite aggressive treatment, the overall prognosis was poor. The median survival was 8 months, with only 3 surviving more than 2 years. Although rare, postradiation sarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with late onset of spinal pain or neurological symptoms after clinical remission of an original cancer.

  12. Pulmonary artery sarcoma with angiosarcoma phenotype mimicking pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Primary sarcomas of the major blood vessels can be classified based on location in relationship to the wall or by histologic type. Angiosarcomas are malignant neoplasms that arise from the endothelial lining of the blood vessels; those arising in the intimal compartment of pulmonary artery are rare. We report a case of pulmonary artery angiosarcoma in a 36-year old female with pulmonary masses. The patient had no other primary malignant neoplasm, thus excluding a metastatic lesion. Gross examination revealed a thickened right pulmonary artery and a necrotic and hemorrhagic tumor, filling and occluding the vascular lumen. The mass extended distally, within the pulmonary vasculature of the right lung. Microscopically, an intravascular undifferentiated tumor was identified. The tumor cells showed expression for vascular markers VEGFR, VEGFR3, PDGFRa, FGF, Ulex europaeus, FVIII, FLI-1, CD31 and CD34; p53 was overexpressed and Ki67 proliferative rate was increased. Intravascular angiosarcomas are aggressive neoplasms, often associated with poor outcome. Virtual slide The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/2315906377648045. PMID:23134683

  13. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma and other fibrohistiocytic tumors in pediatric patients: the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital experience.

    PubMed

    Daw, Najat C; Billups, Catherine A; Pappo, Alberto S; Jenkins, Jesse J; Mahmoud, Hazem H; Krasin, Matthew J; Rao, Bhaskar N

    2003-06-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a controversial entity. In the current study, the authors reviewed their institutional experience with these tumors to characterize their clinical features in pediatric patients and assess the impact of surgical resection on outcome. The records of the 28 patients who were diagnosed with MFH or MFH variants of soft tissue between January 1971 and December 2000 were reviewed and the tumors were reclassified according to the World Health Organization guidelines. Seventeen patients had MFH; 10 patients had angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (FH), and 1 patient had a plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor. The median age of patients at the time of diagnosis was 7.3 years. The most common primary tumor site was the extremity (n = 14). Metastatic disease (to the lung) was present in only three patients, each of whom had MFH. Of the 17 MFH tumors, 13 were high grade, 8 were invasive, and 6 measured > 5 cm. All angiomatoid FH tumors and the plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor were noninvasive, and 10 measured < or = 5 cm. Surgical treatment was comprised of wide local excision with clear margins (n = 18), amputation (n = 3), excision with positive or indeterminate surgical margins (n = 4), partial resection (n = 2), or biopsy only (n = 1). Primary reexcision was performed for 21 patients. The 5-year survival and event-free survival (EFS) estimates for patients with MFH were 76.5% +/- 11.2% and 70.6% +/- 12.1%, respectively; the 5-year survival and EFS estimates were 100% +/- 0% for patients with angiomatoid FH or plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor. Compared with partial resection or excision, wide local excision or amputation was found to have a positive impact on the probability of EFS in patients with localized disease (P = 0.008). All four patients with metastatic or unresectable MFH had died by the time of last follow-up. MFH should be distinguished from angiomatoid FH and plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumors, both of which are less aggressive

  14. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Ergun, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  15. Transcutaneous application of carbon dioxide (CO2) induces mitochondrial apoptosis in human malignant fibrous histiocytoma in vivo.

    PubMed

    Onishi, Yasuo; Kawamoto, Teruya; Ueha, Takeshi; Kishimoto, Kenta; Hara, Hitomi; Fukase, Naomasa; Toda, Mitsunori; Harada, Risa; Minoda, Masaya; Sakai, Yoshitada; Miwa, Masahiko; Kurosaka, Masahiro; Akisue, Toshihiro

    2012-01-01

    Mitochondria play an essential role in cellular energy metabolism and apoptosis. Previous studies have demonstrated that decreased mitochondrial biogenesis is associated with cancer progression. In mitochondrial biogenesis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) regulates the activities of multiple nuclear receptors and transcription factors involved in mitochondrial proliferation. Previously, we showed that overexpression of PGC-1α leads to mitochondrial proliferation and induces apoptosis in human malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) cells in vitro. We also demonstrated that transcutaneous application of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) to rat skeletal muscle induces PGC-1α expression and causes an increase in mitochondrial proliferation. In this study, we utilized a murine model of human MFH to determine the effect of transcutaneous CO(2) exposure on PGC-1α expression, mitochondrial proliferation and cellular apoptosis. PGC-1α expression was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR, while mitochondrial proliferation was assessed by immunofluorescence staining and the relative copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was assessed by real-time PCR. Immunofluorescence staining and DNA fragmentation assays were used to examine mitochondrial apoptosis. We also evaluated the expression of mitochondrial apoptosis related proteins, such as caspases, cytochorome c and Bax, by immunoblot analysis. We show that transcutaneous application of CO(2) induces PGC-1α expression, and increases mitochondrial proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells, significantly reducing tumor volume. Proteins involved in the mitochondrial apoptotic cascade, including caspase 3 and caspase 9, were elevated in CO(2) treated tumors compared to control. We also observed an enrichment of cytochrome c in the cytoplasmic fraction and Bax protein in the mitochondrial fraction of CO(2) treated tumors, highlighting the involvement of mitochondria in apoptosis. These

  16. Analysis of central regulatory pathways in p53-deficient primary cultures of malignant fibrous histiocytoma exposed to ifosfamide.

    PubMed

    Schlott, Thilo; Taubert, Helge; Fayyazi, Afshin; Schweyer, Stefan; Bartel, Frank; Korabiowska, Monika; Brinck, Ulrich

    2004-01-01

    Soft tissue sarcomas frequently carry p53 mutations reducing chemotherapeutical response. Especially malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) reveals a reduced ifosfamide (IF) chemosensitivity when compared to other sarcoma entities. This is the first study to analyze MFH cells for the effects of IF on the expression of the pathways P16-CDK4-Rb and P14ARF-MDM2-P73 regulating cell cycle. The aim was to identify candidate genes possibly involved in the anti-apoptotic response of p53-deficient MFH cells during chemotherapy. PCR, real-time RT-PCR and confocal laser scanning microscopy were applied on primary cultures of MFH cells containing defective p53 genes. The cultures were treated with different concentrations of IF. A non-treated MFH culture served as negative control. A threshold concentration of IF (100 microM) was determined sparing the majority of the cells (99%), whereas higher IF quantities caused complete apoptosis. Data collected over a period of 48 h showed that the MFH cells surviving 100 microM IF overexpressed the kinase gene CDK4 and oncogene MDM2 by a factor of 63. A similar strong increase was observed at the protein level for both proteins. In contrast, the other proteins analyzed were not detectable. Additionally, the MFH cells induced complex patterns of MDM2 mRNA splicing and an abnormal mRNA transcript carrying a novel MDM2 missense mutation. These effects were neither observed in the non-treated culture nor in cultures completely inducing spontaneous apoptosis. Therefore, we speculate that the induction of the gene CDK4, and especially of MDM2, is involved in anti-apoptotic mechanisms of p53-negative MFH cells tolerating IF in vitro. Further experiments are necessary to test whether the novel candidate genes favor development of chemoresistance and whether MDM2 mRNA splicing variants contribute to this process in vivo.

  17. [Fibrous dysplasia].

    PubMed

    Rödl, R; Götze, C

    2008-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a tumorlike, benign lesion, caused by sporadic mutation during early embryogenesis. The skeletal involvement becomes increasingly visible during growth. The number and extent of dysplastic lesions increase until the age of 15. The polyostotic form is often associated with endocrine dysfunction, which should be diagnosed and treated early. Malignant transformation of fibrous dysplastic lesions is less than 1%; therefore, treatment or resection of the lesion itself is not necessary. The progress of the lesions during growth can lead to pain, fractures, and deformities. Bisphosphonates are effective for pain relief, but have no assured effect on the natural history of the disease. Fracture healing is not compromised by the disease. Conservative treatment with casts is therefore effective, especially for the upper limbs. The surgical approach with deformity correction and stabilization remains challenging particularly with regard to the proximal femur. Intramedullary devices should be preferred to plates, if possible.

  18. Sarcomatous transformation (Leiomyosarcoma) in polyostotic fibrous dysplagia

    PubMed Central

    Garg, M. K.; Bhardwaj, Reena; Gupta, Srishti; Mann, Navdeep; Kharb, Sandeep; Pandit, Aditi

    2013-01-01

    Malignant changes in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia are very rare. Most common malignancies reported are osteosarcoma and fibrosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Here, we report a previously diagnosed case of fibrous dysplasia who has developed leiomyosarcoma; diagnosis of which was delayed for about one year despite repeated fine needle aspiration and open biopsy. PMID:24381897

  19. Doege-Potter syndrome presenting with hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor: a case report.

    PubMed

    Schutt, Robert C; Gordon, Trish A; Bhabhra, Ruchi; Cathro, Helen P; Cook, Stephen L; McCartney, Christopher R; Weiss, Geoffrey R

    2013-01-09

    Doege-Potter syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor. This tumor causes hypoglycemia by the secretion of a prohormone form of insulin-like growth factor II. We describe the diagnosis and management of Doege-Potter syndrome and the use of transarterial chemoembolization in a patient with a malignant extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. Our patient was a 64-year-old Caucasian woman who initially presented with urinary incontinence and was found to have a 14.5×9.0×9.0cm retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor compressing her bladder. Her tumor was surgically resected but recurred with multiple hepatic metastatic lesions. The hepatic metastases progressed despite systemic chemotherapy and treatment with doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization. Her course was complicated by the development of recurrent fasting hypoglycemia, most likely secondary to Doege-Potter syndrome. Her hypoglycemia was managed with corticosteroid therapy and frequent scheduled nutrient intake overnight. The rarity of hepatic solitary fibrous tumors and consequent lack of controlled trials make this report significant in that it describes the diagnostic approach to Doege-Potter syndrome, describes our experience with the use of doxorubicin transarterial chemoembolization, and presents management options for tumor-associated hypoglycemia in the case of extensive disease not amenable to surgical resection.

  20. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Erguen, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The growing number of oncological patients subjected to radiotherapy require the diagnostic radiologist to be aware of expected bone changes following irradiation and the differentiation of this entity from metastasis. The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing, mainly because of the relative insensitivity of radiographs in detecting demineralization. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. In vivo midrodensitometric analysis and radionuclide bone and bone marrow scans can reveal early changes following irradiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  1. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Ergun, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The growing number of oncological patients subjected to radiotherapy require the diagnostic radiologist to be aware of expected bone changes following irradiation and the differentiation of this entity from metastasis. The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing, mainly because of the relative insensitivity of radiographs in detecing demineralization. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. In vivo midrodensitometric analysis and radionuclide bone and bone marrow scans can reveal early changes following irradiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  2. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the spine: a series of 13 clinical case reports and review of 17 published cases.

    PubMed

    Teng, Honglin; Xinghai, Yang; Wei, Haifeng; Huang, Quan; Xiao, Jianru; Zhang, Chunwu

    2011-10-15

    Retrospective case study of 13 primary malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) of the spine. To analyze the clinic, radiologic, histologic, and prognostic features of 13 cases with the MFH of the spine. MFH, a soft tissue sarcoma, rarely occurs at the spine. Only sporadical cases have been reported in the English literature concerning the clinical and prognostic features of the primary MFH at the spine. Between January 1999 and December 2006, 13 cases with primary MFH of the spine were treated in the authors' spine center. Clinical history, radiographic, surgery resection, and pathologic features were recorded. The patients were followed up regarding their local recurrence and survivals. The 17 cases with primary MFH at the spine in the literature were reviewed. Paraspinal or epidural mass at multiple spinal levels developed in 11 cases, with osteolytic destruction in all 13 cases. The tumor size averaged on 10.4 cm in greatest dimension. Metastases occurred in 10 of 13 cases. Compared with the 14 ± 0.60-months median survival of the debulking surgeries in seven cases, the median survival of the en bloc resection in six cases was 25 ± 6.12 months (P ∇ 0.009). The median survival was 8.7 months in 10 cases of the literature group, with 30% 1-year survival and 6.7% 2-year survival, respectively; while the median survival was 18.0 months in the authors' series, with 92.3% 1-year survival and 38.5% 2-year survival, respectively. The 5-year survival was between 25% and 69% in the extremities of MFH, but it was 28% in the head and neck and 26.7% in the abdominal cavity, compared with 7.7% in the spine in the authors' series. The MFH of the spine tends to extensively invade paraspinal structures at multiple spinal levels, with aggressive osteolytic destruction in the vertebrae, resulting to local huge mass, radiculopathy, and myelopathy. Regardless of recent advancements in the diagnosis, treatment methods, and adjuvant therapies, for its biologically aggressive nature

  3. Impact of (18)F-FDG PET/CT imaging in therapeutic decisions for malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis.

    PubMed

    Yan, Jinchun; Jones, Robin L; Lewis, David H; Eary, Janet F

    2013-06-01

    The decision to give neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with localized high-risk soft tissue sarcoma is often based on tumor grade evaluated from biopsies, but biopsies can have the inherent issue of sampling bias. Incorporation of SUVmax and heterogeneity assessed by F-FDG PET/CT could be other crucial components in the effort to tailor treatment to an individual patient, providing valuable parameters to guide the selection of the most appropriate management schedule for an individual. We present 1 representative case describing how FDG PET/CT can assist in clinical management decisions for treatment of malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis.

  4. Postradiation leiomyosarcoma of the orbit complicating bilateral retinoblastoma

    SciTech Connect

    Font, R.L.; Jurco, S.; Brechner, R.J.

    1983-10-01

    A 31-year-old woman had bilateral retinoblastoma diagnosed in early childhood. The right eye was enucleated at the age of 1 year, and the left eye was treated with radiation therapy (a total dose of 16,000 rad). Twenty-three years later, in 1975, a subcutaneous mass was noted in the left periorbital region. A biopsy specimen of the mass was taken and a diagnosis of pleomorphic postradiation sarcoma was made. Electron microscopic studies of the periorbital mass confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. After additional radiation therapy, the residual mass was surgically excised. Five years later, a right renal mass, which histologically proved to be a renal cell carcinoma, was discovered. She was treated with nephrectomy, radiation, and chemotherapy. A recent follow-up examination disclosed that the patient is alive and apparently without any evidence of metastatic disease, 30 years after the diagnosis of bilateral retinoblastoma was made. The literature is reviewed regarding postradiation sarcomas and the occurrence of second malignant neoplasms in patients with retinoblastoma.

  5. Diagnostic pitfalls in the preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT evaluation of a case of giant malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura.

    PubMed

    Lococo, F; Rapicetta, C; Ricchetti, T; Cavazza, A; Filice, A; Treglia, G; Tenconi, S; Paci, M; Sgarbi, G

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) is an uncommon entity, generally with an indolent behavior. Nevertheless, some malignant forms have been rarely reported. These, often have an aggressive biological behavior with pathological findings of invasiveness. The preoperative diagnosis and evaluation of the grade of malignancy are extremely challenging. Herein we report a case of a 64-year-old man who presented with a left giant intra-thoracic mass imaged with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG/PET-CT) and sampled via fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Imaging and FNAB findings showed suspicion of a benign form of SFTP. Surgical radical resection of the giant mass was performed. The definitive histological diagnosis showed a malignant SFTP. Based on this report, we take the opportunity to briefly discuss the insidious pitfalls concerning the radiological and (18)F-FDG/PET-CT features as well as cyto/histological findings in the pre-operative diagnostic work-up examination of this rare entity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  6. Immunohistochemistry of cytokeratins 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 aids differentiation of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma from fibrous pleuritis.

    PubMed

    Horiuchi, Toshikatsu; Ogata, Sho; Tominaga, Susumu; Hiroi, Sadayuki; Kawahara, Kunimitsu; Hebisawa, Akira; Irei, Isao; Ito, Ichiro; Kameya, Toru; Tsujimura, Tohru; Nakano, Takashi; Nakanishi, Kuniaki; Kawai, Toshiaki

    2013-05-01

    It is difficult to distinguish desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) from fibrous pleuritis (FP). We investigated the utility of immunohistochemistry as a way of differentiating between DMM and FP. We examined 11 DMMs and 46 FPs with the aid of antibodies against 18 cytokeratin (CK) subtypes, calponin, caldesmon, desmin, and GLUT-1. The best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 were each above 60%. When cases with either DMM or FP were partitioned by the staining score associated with the best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in ROC, the incidence of a positive expression for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 was significantly higher in DMM than in FP. In conclusion, immunohistochemistry for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 may be useful, alongside histological characteristics, for separating DMM from FP.

  7. Indium-111-labeled leukocyte and technetium-99m-sulfur colloid uptake by a malignant fibrous histiocytoma: Phagocytosis by tumor cells

    SciTech Connect

    Palestro, C.J.; Klein, M.; Kim, C.K.; Swyer, A.J.; Goldsmith, S.J. )

    1990-09-01

    Indium-111-labeled leukocyte imaging, performed on a patient with a calcified mass in the right thigh, demonstrated labeled leukocyte accumulation in this mass. Technetium-99m-sulfur colloid imaging was performed to differentiate labeled leukocyte uptake in heterotopic bone marrow from uptake in a focus of infection. Leukocyte and sulfur colloid images were virtually identical, and the study was interpreted as without evidence of infection. Excision of the mass revealed an angiomatoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma with metaplastic bone formation. While no marrow elements were present in either the tumor or the metaplastic bone, phagocytosis of leukocytes by tumor cells was identified. Phagocytosis of leukocytes by tumor cells may be another cause of white cell accumulation in uninfected neoplasms.

  8. [Postradiation hypothyroidism in patients with lymphogranulomatosis].

    PubMed

    Miasnikov, A A; Livshits, A Kh; Mendeleev, I M

    1988-01-01

    A total of 93 patients with Hodgkin's disease were investigated at different times after radiation therapy. The hypothyroid status was found in 21.7% of the patients. The influence of the patients' age at the time of irradiation, administration of iodine-containing contrast drugs, polychemotherapy, and a summary focal dose of thyroid irradiation on the frequency of development of postradiation hypothyrosis was discussed. Criteria for substitution therapy with thyroid hormones were defined.

  9. Paratesticular Fibrous Pseudotumors

    PubMed Central

    Turkan, Sadi; Kalkan, Mehmet; Ekmekcioglu, Ozan; Haltas, Hacer; Sahin, Coskun

    2016-01-01

    Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumors (PFPs) are rare pathologies with quite wide and variable topographic-morphological features. It is difficult to distinguish PFPs from malignant masses. Treatment can be done by resection of the mass. We reported a young patient’s findings about this rare pathology. PMID:27441080

  10. Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma of the scrotum in a patient presenting as fournier gangrene: a case report.

    PubMed

    Guo, Juan; Zhou, Shengmei; Rao, Nagesh P; Pez, Gholam H

    2010-10-01

    Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), also known as undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma according to the latest World Health Organization classification, is a diagnosis of exclusion and extremely rare in adult scrotal/paratesticular region. Clinical presentation of scrotal/paratesticular pleomorphic MFH is usually a painless and gradual scrotal swelling. We report a case of scrotal MFH in a 63-year-old man who presented as Fournier gangrene after 10-month painful scrotal swelling and multiple procedures. The specimen of emergent debridement was submitted for pathologic and bacteriologic examination. Microscopically, the lesion had marked architectural and cytologic pleomorphism. The neoplastic cells were positive for vimentin, but negative for all lineage-specific markers. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization showed an aneuploid karyotype and negative results for lipomatous tumor abnormalities. Bacterial cultures of the specimen showed extensive growth of virulent polymicrobes. The diagnosis of scrotal/paratesticular pleomorphic MFH with concurrent Fournier gangrene was made. Thoracic computed tomography scan showed bilateral multiple pulmonary nodules. The patient died 1 month later.

  11. The expression of c-Met pathway components in unclassified pleomorphic sarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma (UPS/MFH): a tissue microarray study.

    PubMed

    Lahat, Guy; Zhang, Pingyu; Zhu, Quan-Sheng; Torres, Keila; Ghadimi, Markus; Smith, Kerrington D; Wang, Wei-Lien; Lazar, Alexander J; Lev, Dina

    2011-09-01

    Subclassification of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma (UPS/MFH) into distinct biological cohorts based on the expression patterns of molecular markers can identify patient subsets with especially unfavourable clinical outcomes. Identification of molecular prognosticators amenable for drug targeting can facilitate rational development of UPS/MFH tailored therapies. The aim was to evaluate expression of c-Met pathway components in a large cohort of UPS/MFH samples. An immunohistochemical analysis for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), c-Met, phospho-c-Met (pc-Met), phospho-mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) also known as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (p-MEK) and phospho-protein kinase B (p-AKT) was performed on a clinically annotated tissue microarray of 158 UPS/MFH samples. Univariable and multivariable analyses were conducted to evaluate the correlation of molecular variables with UPS/MFH disease specific survival. All evaluated markers were expressed in UPS/MFH to varying levels. Most importantly, strong HGF, pc-Met, p-MEK and p-AKT expression correlated significantly with dismal patient outcome on univariable statistical analysis. Expression of p-MEK and p-AKT remained statistically significant independent prognosticators on multivariable analysis. c-Met pathway components and especially p-MEK and p-AKT are potential prognostic biomarkers for UPS/MFH; their inclusion in future molecular-based staging systems should be evaluated. Furthermore, novel approaches targeting HGF, c-Met, MEK/extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) and/or AKT should be considered for a subset of UPS/MFH patients. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

  12. Benign Post-Radiation Rectal Stricture Treated with Endoscopic Balloon Dilation and Intralesional Triamcinolone Injection

    PubMed Central

    Karanikas, Michael; Touzopoulos, Panagiotis; Mitrakas, Alexandros; Zezos, Petros; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Efremidou, Eleni; Liratzopoulos, Nikolaos; Polychronidis, Alexandros; Kouklakis, George

    2012-01-01

    Post-radiation stricture is a rare complication after pelvis irradiation, but must be in the mind of the clinician evaluating a lower gastrointestinal obstruction. Endoscopy has gained an important role in chronic radiation proctitis with several therapeutic options for management of intestinal strictures. The treatment of rectal strictures has been limited to surgery with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, a less invasive therapeutic approach for benign rectal strictures, endoscopic balloon dilation with or without intralesional steroid injection, has become a common treatment modality. We present a case of benign post-radiation rectal stricture treated successfully with balloon dilation and adjuvant intralesional triamcinolone injection. A 70-year-old woman presented to the emergency room complaining for 2 weeks of diarrhea and meteorism, 11 years after radiation of the pelvis due to adenocarcinoma of the uterus. Colonoscopy revealed a stricture at the rectum and multiple endoscopic biopsies were obtained from the stricture. The stricture was treated with endoscopic balloon dilation and intralesional triamcinolone injection. The procedure appears to have a high success rate and a very low complication rate. Histologic examination of the biopsies revealed non-specific inflammatory changes of the rectal mucosa and no specific changes of the mucosa due to radiation. All biopsies were negative for malignancy. The patient is stricture-free 12 months post-treatment. PMID:23271987

  13. Solcoseryl prevents early postradiation changes in the lungs.

    PubMed

    Starosławska, E; Chyczewski, L; Peszyński, J; Sobolewski, K; Bańkowski, E; Chyczewska, E; Nikliński, J; Donica, H; Kojtych, A

    1994-01-01

    The aim of the study was to test the influence of Solcoseryl on early postradiation changes in the lungs of rats. The chests of the rats were irradiated with Co-60, fractional dose 250 cGy/DT, total dose 2500 cGy/DT. Solcoseryl was given intraperitoneally in quantities of 0,1ml daily, during 60 days of the experiment. Morphological examinations of the lungs revealed that Solcoseryl decreased significantly the effects of early postradiation damage of the respiratory organ in rats.

  14. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy.

    PubMed

    Vinayak, Rohan S; Kumar, Sumit; Chandana, Sudhir; Trivedi, Priti

    2011-01-01

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) is a rare, benign tumor of the subcutis and lower dermis, which usually occurs within the first 2 years of life. Ninety one percent of the tumors occur in the first year of life. The histogenesis of FHI is unclear. The clinical course is typically benign and prognosis excellent. The physical characteristics of the subcutaneous mass in a child may suggest a malignant process; however, FHI should be included in the differential diagnosis. The prognosis of FHI is excellent with local surgical excision and it rarely recurs.

  15. [High colpocleisis in the treatment of postradiation vesicovaginal fistulas].

    PubMed

    Loran, O B; Gumin, L M; Zaĭtsev, A V; Lipskiĭ, V S

    2000-01-01

    Surgical treatment with application of the modified technique of high colpocleisis according to Latsko was performed in 174 patients aged 26-72 with postradiation vesicovaginal fistulas. The latter developed 6 months to 26 years after radiotherapy. The operation resulted in restoration of the urinary bladder capacity and spontaneous urination.

  16. [Association of post-radiation focal muscular atrophy and hypertrophy].

    PubMed

    Serratrice, G; Sangla, I; Pouget, J; Azulay, J P

    1993-01-01

    We report a 48 year old woman who had radiotherapy for uterine carcinoma and who developed amyotrophy and muscle hypertrophy in one lower limb. Very few cases of post-radiation monomelic amyotrophy have been reported. On the other hand denervation hypertrophy was presumed to be well known. The seat of the lesions was presumed to be radicular and spinal. The mechanism of atrophy and hypertrophy is discussed.

  17. Fibrous dysplasia and cherubism

    PubMed Central

    Bhattacharya, Surajit; Mishra, RK

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-malignant fibro-osseous bony lesion in which the involved bone/bones gradually get converted into expanding cystic and fibrous tissue. The underlying defect in FD is post-natal mutation of GNAS1 gene, which leads to the proliferation and activation of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells arresting the bone development in woven phase and ultimately converting them into fibro-osseous cystic tissue. Cherubism is a hereditary form of fibrous dysplasia in which the causative factor is transmission of autosomal dominant SH3BP2 gene mutation. The disease may present in two distinct forms, a less severe and limited monostotic form, and a more aggressive and more widespread polyostotic form. Polyostotic form may be associated with various endocrine abnormalities, which require active management apart from the management of FD. Management of FD is not free from controversies. While total surgical excision of the involved area and reconstruction using newer micro-vascular technique is the only definitive treatment available from the curative point of view, but this can be only offered to monostotic and very few polyostotic lesions. In polyostotic varieties on many occasions these radical surgeries are very deforming in these slow growing lesions and so their indication is highly debated. The treatment of cranio-facial fibrous dysplasia should be highly individualized, depending on the fact that the clinical behavior of lesion is variable at various ages and in individual patients. A more conservative approach in the form of aesthetic recontouring of deformed bone, orthodontic occlusal correction, and watchful expectancy may be the more accepted form of treatment in young patients. Newer generation real-time imaging guidance during recontouring surgery adds to accuracy and safety of these procedures. Regular clinical and radiological follow up is required to watch for quiescence, regression or reactivation of the disease process. Patients must be

  18. [Malignant soft tissue tumors].

    PubMed

    Schauer, A; Altmannsberger, M

    1984-01-01

    This article is a survey of actual aspects. With regard to frequency, the malignant fibrous histocytoma comes first, followed by lipo- and fibrosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant schwannoma, malignant tumours proceeding from arteries and veins and the unstriated musculature. Staging and grading of these tumours are difficult. Until now their overall TNM-classification was not possible due to insufficient hard criteria.

  19. Late recurrence of a malignant hypoglycemia-inducing pelvic solitary fibrous tumor secreting high-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor-II: A case report with protein analysis.

    PubMed

    Ishihara, Hiroki; Omae, Kenji; Iizuka, Junpei; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Fukuda, Izumi; Kondo, Tsunenori; Hizuka, Naomi; Nagashima, Yoji; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2016-07-01

    The present study reports a case of recurrent malignant pelvic solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) that induced non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia via high-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor-II in a 72-year-old male patient. The tumor recurred ~12 years after the complete resection of the original mass. The recurrent tumor, which had directly invaded the left ureter and perirectal fat tissue, could not be completely excised due to its fragility and adhesiveness. At 13 days post-surgery, the patient presented with rectal perforation, and an urgent rectal resection and colostomy was performed. Neither recurrence of the tumor nor hypoglycemic symptoms were observed 9 months after the surgery. High molecular weight insulin-like growth factor-II was detected in the serum and tumor specimens by western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. The present case report suggests that certain SFTs can relapse even ≥10 years after a presumed complete resection of the primary tumor, and that performing a safe and complete resection of these tumors can be challenging, due to their adhesiveness or physical presentation; therefore, the indications for surgery should be considered with caution.

  20. Can c-myc amplification reliably discriminate postradiation from primary angiosarcoma of the breast?

    PubMed

    Laé, M; Lebel, A; Hamel-Viard, F; Asselain, B; Trassard, M; Sastre, X; Kirova, Y M

    2015-05-01

    Breast angiosarcomas are rare vascular malignancies that arise secondary to irradiation or de novo as primary tumours. The aim of this study is to know whether c-myc amplification can reliably discriminate these two entities. Forty-seven patients treated for breast angiosarcomas were studied. Thirty-two patients were diagnosed with postradiation angiosarcomas after breast cancer treatment and 15 patients with primary angiosarcomas. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed by hybridization of probes covering C-MYC (chromosome 8q24.21) and CEP8 on tissue sections. Amplification (5- to 20-fold) of the c-myc oncogene was found in all breast radiation-induced angiosarcomas (32 tumours) but in none of the 15 primary angiosarcomas except one (7%). This study reinforces that there are true pathogenetic differences between the two types of breast angiosarcomas which are morphologically indistinguishable. These data point the pathways preferentially involved in the pathogenesis of post radiation angiosarcomas of the breast and may provide the basis for an additional targeted therapy. Copyright © 2015 Société française de radiothérapie oncologique (SFRO). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Phase II Study of Sunitinib Malate, a Multi-Targeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcomas. Focus on 3 Prevalent Histologies: Leiomyosarcoma, Liposarcoma, and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Mahmood, S. Tariq; Agresta, Samuel; Vigil, Carlos; Zhao, Xiuhua; Han, Gang; D’Amato, Gina; Calitri, Ciara E.; Dean, Michelle; Garrett, Christopher; Schell, Michael J.; Antonia, Scott; Chiappori, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) represent a diverse group of histologic subtypes with targetable molecular alterations, often treated as a single disease. Sunitinib malate is a multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor active in other solid tumors carrying similar alterations (i.e., imatinib mesylate-refractory gastrointestinal stromal tumors). This single-institution phase II study investigated the safety and efficacy of sunitinib malate in three common STS subtypes. Patients with documented unresectable or metastatic STS (liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma [MFH]), measurable disease, and 3 or less prior lines of therapy were eligible. Treatment consisted of sunitinib malate, 50 mg daily, for 4 weeks every 6 weeks. Forty-eight patients were enrolled, and 35% were heavily pretreated (≥2 prior lines of chemotherapy). The safety profile resembled previously known sunitinib malate toxicities. Median progression-free and overall survivals for liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and MFH were 3.9 and 18.6, 4.2 and 10.1, and 2.5 and 13.6 months, respectively. The 3-month progression-free rates in the untreated and pretreated (chemotherapy) patients with liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and MFH were 75% and 69.2%, 60%, and 62.5%, and and 25% and 44.4%, respectively. With the caveats that a minority of patients with potentially indolent or low-grade disease could have been included and the small numbers, a 3-month progression-free rate of >40% suggests activity for sunitinib malate at least in liposarcomas and leiomyosarcomas. Thus, we believe that further investigation in these susceptible STS subtypes is warranted. PMID:21154746

  2. Disodium cromoglycate, a mast-cell stabilizer, alters postradiation regional cerebral blood flow in primates

    SciTech Connect

    Cockerham, L.G.; Doyle, T.F.; Pautler, E.L.; Hampton, J.D.

    1986-01-01

    Early transient incapacitation (ETI) is the complete cessation of performance during the first 30 min after radiation exposure, and performance decrement (PD) is a reduction in performance at the same time. Supralethal doses of radiation have been shown to produce a marked decrease in regional cerebral blood flow in primates concurrent with systemic hypotension and a dramatic release of mast-cell histamine. In an attempt to elucidate mechanisms underlying the radiation-induced ETI/PD phenomena and the postradiation decrease in cerebral blood flow, primates were given the mast-cell stabilizers disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) or BRL 22321 before exposure to 100 Gy whole-body gamma radiation. Hypothalamic and cortical blood flows were measured by hydrogen clearance, before and after radiation exposure. Systemic blood pressures were determined simultaneously. The data indicated that DSCG was successful in diminishing postradiation decrease in cerebral blood flow. Irradiated animals pretreated with DSCG, showed only a 10% decrease in hypothalamic blood flow 60 min postradiation, while untreated, irradiated animals showed a 57% decrease. The cortical blood flow of DSCG treated, irradiated animals showed a triphasic response, with a decrease of 38% at 10 min postradiation, then a rise to 1% below baseline at 20 min, followed by a fall to 42% below baseline by 50 min postradiation. In contrast, the untreated, irradiated animals showed a steady decrease in cortical blood flow to 79% below baseline by 50 min postradiation. There was no significant difference in blood-pressure response between the treated and untreated, irradiated animals. Systemic blood pressure showed a 60% decrease at 10 min postradiation, falling to a 71% decrease by 60 min.

  3. Mesothelioma - benign-fibrous

    MedlinePlus

    ... to be called localized fibrous mesothelioma. Causes The exact cause of SFT remains unknown. This type of ... must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Get ...

  4. 18F-FDG PET/CT of Secondary Epithelioid Angiosarcoma of the Proximal Femur in a Patient With Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Hakozaki, Michiyuki; Yamada, Hitoshi; Hasegawa, Osamu; Watanabe, Kazuo; Konno, Shinichi

    2017-10-01

    Fibrous dysplasia rarely transforms into a secondary malignancy. We present the PET/CT findings at pretreatment and posttreatment in an exceedingly rare case of epithelioid angiosarcoma of the bone secondary to polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

  5. Adipose veno-lymphatic transfer for management of post-radiation lymphedema

    SciTech Connect

    Pho, R.W.; Bayon, P.; Tan, L.

    1989-01-01

    In a patient who had post-radiation lymphedema after excision of liposarcoma, a method is described that is called adipose veno-lymphatic transfer. The technique involves transferring adipose tissue containing lymphatic vessels that surround the long saphenous vein, from the normal, healthy leg to the irradiated leg, with the creation of an arteriovenous fistula.

  6. Postradiation recovery of human bone marrow and morphological dynamics of undifferentiated cell pool

    SciTech Connect

    Suvorova, L.A.; Vyalova, N.A.; Barabanoya, A.V.; Gruzdev, G.P.

    1982-01-01

    The postradiation repair of the hemopoietic function in human beings and of changes observed in bone marrow and peripheral blood is described. The processes of damage and recovery of bone marrow from acute radiation sickness induced by external radiation are described, based on observations of 77 samples made from the first to the forty-third day after irradiation.

  7. [Postradial sialozoadenitis in patients with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland].

    PubMed

    Kovalenko, V A; Kopchak, A V; Kovalenko, A E

    2015-01-01

    The authors present the results of investigation of 42 patients with salivary gland dysfunction after radioactive iodine-131 ablation therapy concerning papillary thyroid carcinoma. Clinical manifestations of postradial sialodenitis with secretory insufficiency of different degree were revealed. These side effects required an application of the special therapy.

  8. Intraperitoneal Solitary Fibrous Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Benabdejlil, Youssef; Kouach, Jaouad; Babahabib, Abdellah; Elhassani, Moulay Elmehdi; Rharassi, Issam; Boudhas, Adil; Bakkali, Hicham; Elmarjany, Mohammed; Moussaoui, Driss; Dehayni, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the pelvis are rare. We report the case of a 32-years-old patient who presented with abdominopelvic mass. The imaging studies showed a right adnexal mass of more than 10 cm. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a 20 cm mass at the Douglas pouch which was adhered to the posterior wall of the uterus. Complete resection of the mass was performed. Histological analysis showed a spindle cell undifferentiated tumor whose morphological and immunohistochemical profile are consistent with solitary fibrous tumor. It is important to know that although these tumors are rare, their evolution can be pejorative. Therefore, long-term followup should be recommended. PMID:25276449

  9. Fibrous mesothelioma. Case report.

    PubMed

    Verniers, P; De Man, R; De Muynck, P; Crolla, D; Coucke, W; Dewaele, G; Tanghe, W

    1989-12-01

    A case of fibrous mesothelioma is presented. Chest films suggested an elevation of the left diaphragm and a limited pleural effusion, which was confirmed on computed tomography. Percutaneous needle biopsy showed mesothelial cells. At thoracotomy the tumor was attached to the pleura of the mediastinum by a pedicle. Complete surgical resection was possible. Clinical, radiological and histological data in literature are summarized. The radiological features of the presented case correspond to those described in the literature.

  10. Chondroblastoma of the acromion mimicking fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Gebert, Carsten; Hardes, Jendrik; Streitbürger, Arne; Vieth, Volker; Bürger, Horst; Winkelmann, Winfried; Gosheger, Georg

    2004-12-01

    The authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with an expansive osteolytic lesion in the right acromion, mimicking cystic fibrous dysplasia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lesion with intermediate-signal intensity on T1-weighted images and a high-signal intensity on fat suppressed T2-weighted images. The biopsy led to the diagnosis of chondroblastoma. This tumour is rare in flat bones, and may mimic other benign or malignant lesions. It is therefore essential to perform a biopsy in order to obtain a definite diagnosis. The acromion was excised, and replaced with an iliac crest graft.

  11. [Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia].

    PubMed

    Couturier, A; Aumaître, O; Mom, T; Gilain, L; André, M

    2016-12-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a benign, uncommon, sporadic, congenital skeletal disorder resulting in deformity. This disease arises from activating somatic mutation in GNAS which encodes the α subunit of the G stimulatory protein associated with proliferation of undifferentiated osteogenic cells resulting in marrow fibrosis, abnormal matrix production, and stimulation of osteoclastic resorption upon overproduction of IL-6 observed in dysplastic cells. Fibrous dysplasia may be monostotic or polyostotic. This mutation affecting many tissues, café au lait skin macules and endocrinopathies (precocious puberty, hyperthyroidism, growth hormone excess, Cushing syndrome) may be associated in McCune-Albright syndrome, but also myxoma in Mazabraud syndrome or phosphate diabetes. Diagnosis of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia should be considered in the presence of headache, neuralgia, sensory disorders (vision, hearing, balance, smelling), functional disorders (nasal obstruction, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, non-matching occlusion), infectious complications (sinusitis, otitis, mastoiditis). Such symptoms should lead to perform craniofacial CT scan completed with MRI. Bone biopsy is not systematic. Surgical treatment is discussed in cases of nervous complication, facial deformity or active lesions. In case of pain resistant to conventional analgesics, intravenous bisphosphonates can be proposed. In non-responder patients, several case reports suggest the efficacy of a monoclonal antibody directed against the IL-6 receptor which requires to be confirmed by randomized studies.

  12. Branching toughens fibrous networks.

    PubMed

    Koh, C T; Oyen, M L

    2012-08-01

    Fibrous collagenous networks are not only stiff but also tough, due to their complex microstructures. This stiff yet tough behavior is desirable for both medical and military applications but it is difficult to reproduce in engineering materials. While the nonlinear hyperelastic behavior of fibrous networks has been extensively studied, the understanding of toughness is still incomplete. Here, we identify a microstructure mimicking the branched bundles of a natural type I collagen network, in which partially cross-linked long fibers give rise to novel combinations of stiffness and toughness. Finite element analysis shows that the stiffness of fully cross-linked fibrous networks is amplified by increasing the fibril length and cross-link density. However, a trade-off of such stiff networks is reduced toughness. By having partially cross-linked networks with long fibrils, the networks have comparable stiffness and improved toughness as compared to the fully cross-linked networks. Further, the partially cross-linked networks avoid the formation of kinks, which cause fibril rupture during deformation. As a result, the branching allows the networks to have stiff yet tough behavior.

  13. Disodium Cromoglycate, A Mast-Cell Stabilizer, Alters Postradiation Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Primates

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    Systemic blood pressures were determined si- multaneously. The data indicated that DSCG was successful in diminishing postra- diation decrease in cerebral...blood flow, Irradiated animals pretreated with DSCG , showed only a 10% decrease in hypothalamic blood flow 60 min postradiation, while untreated...irradiated animals showed’ a 57% decrease. The cortical blood flow of DSCG treated, irradiated animal ’Iweda triphasic response, with a decrease of 38

  14. [About a case of calcifying fibrous tumor of the pleura].

    PubMed

    Rocas, Delphine; Thivolet-Béjui, Françoise; Tronc, François; Chalabreysse, Lara

    2015-12-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare soft tissue benign tumor (OMS 2002). Some pleural localisations are described, which affect slightly older individuals than the other soft tissue forms. The calcifying fibrous tumor is included in the 2004 World Health Organization classification of pleural tumors. A pleural tumor located in the right inferior pulmonary lobe is diagnosed in a 59-year-old man. This pleural tumor is macroscopically well-circumscribed. Histologically, the rare spindle tumoral cells are located between bundles of a collagenous tissue, sometimes hyalinized, with psammomatous or dystrophic calcifications. The tumoral cells have a fibrohistiocytic origin. They stain positively for antibodies against vimentin, factor XIIIa, CD68, CD163, CD34. Antibodies against smooth muscle actin, desmin, PS100, ALK1 and EBV are negative. Main differencial diagnoses are other benign pleural tumors (solitary fibrous tumor, inflammatory myofibroblastique tumor), some malignant tumors (desmoplastic malignant pleural mesothelioma) and pleural pseudotumors (calcified pleural plaques, chronic fibrous pleuritis, amylose, hyalinizing granuloma). Our case is the 15th pleural calcifying fibrous tumor being reported. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Is a Short-Interval Postradiation Mammogram Necessary After Conservative Surgery and Radiation in Breast Cancer?

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Kevin Eradat, Jilbert B.S.; Mehta, Niraj H.; Bent, Chris; Lee, Steve P.; Apple, Sophia K.; Bassett, Lawrence W.

    2008-11-15

    Purpose: To examine, in a retrospective study, whether the initial posttreatment mammogram offers any benefit to patients. Methods and Materials: Patients were selected who had radiation after breast-conservation therapy from 1995 through 2005 and had follow-up mammography at University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) within 1 year of completing radiotherapy. Results of the initial follow-up mammogram were analyzed to determine the yield of this initial mammogram. Results: Between 1995 and 2005, 408 patients treated with breast-conserving therapy and radiation had follow-up mammograms at UCLA within 1 year of completion of radiation. Median age at radiation completion was 56.9 years. Median interval between radiation and the initial mammogram was 3.1 months. Ten patients were found to have suspicious findings on the initial postradiation mammogram, prompting biopsy, but only 2 were found to have recurrent cancer. None of those lesions were palpable. In both cases the recurrences were ductal carcinoma in situ. Thus, the yield of the initial postoperative mammogram as compared with physical examination findings is estimated at 0.49 recurrences detected per 100 mammograms performed (95% confidence interval 0.059-1.759). Conclusions: The yield of the initial postradiation mammography at UCLA seems to be low, and only noninvasive carcinomas were found. Our data support the rationale to avoid the initial short-interval postradiation mammography and evaluate patients at 12 months.

  16. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Sigmoid Colon Masquerading as an Adnexal Neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Bratton, Laura; Salloum, Rabih; Cao, Wenqing

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare, benign spindle cell neoplasm that was first described in the thoracic pleura. This tumor is now known to occur at many extrapleural sites. There are established criteria for the diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor including ≥4 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields, increased cellularity, cytologic atypia, infiltrative margins, and/or necrosis. Although all solitary fibrous tumors have the potential to recur or metastasize, those with malignant histologic features tend to behave more aggressively. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor, with malignant histologic features, in a 21-year-old woman which arose from the serosal surface of the sigmoid colon. PMID:27672467

  17. Imaging of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Lisle, D A; Monsour, P A J; Maskiell, C D

    2008-08-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a relatively common disorder of bone. It may affect the bones of the face and skull and, in so doing, produce a wide variety of clinical presentations. Plain film assessment of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia may be difficult because of varying appearances and complex, overlapping structures. The MRI appearances of fibrous dysplasia are often non-specific and may be confusing. Findings on CT are also variable, but more commonly lead to a specific diagnosis. This is because of the characteristic ground-glass appearance of woven bone, seen on CT in most if not all cases of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia.

  18. TERT promoter mutations and prognosis in solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Bahrami, Armita; Lee, Seungjae; Schaefer, Inga-Marie; Boland, Jennifer M; Patton, Kurt T; Pounds, Stanley; Fletcher, Christopher D

    2016-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a mesenchymal neoplasm exhibiting a broad spectrum of biological behavior and harboring the NAB2-STAT6 fusion. Clinicopathologic parameters are currently used in risk-prediction models for solitary fibrous tumor, but the molecular determinants of malignancy in solitary fibrous tumors remain unknown. We proposed that the activation of telomere maintenance pathways confers a perpetual malignant phenotype to these tumors. Therefore, we investigated telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) reactivation induced by promoter mutations as a potential molecular mechanism for aggressive clinical behavior in solitary fibrous tumor. The retrospective study included tumor samples from 94 patients with solitary fibrous tumor (31 thoracic and 63 extra-thoracic). Follow-up information was available for 68 patients (median, 46 months). TERT promoter mutation analysis was performed by PCR and Sanger sequencing, and TERT mRNA expression was assessed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Patients were stratified into clinicopathologic subgroups (high-risk (n=20), moderate-risk (n=28), and low-risk (n=46)) according to the risk-stratification model proposed by Demicco et al. TERT promoter mutations were identified in 26 of 94 (28%) solitary fibrous tumors: -124C>T in 23 tumors (88%), -124C>A in 1 tumor (4%), and -146C>T in 2 tumors (8%). Real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR revealed that TERT mRNA expression was higher in all solitary fibrous tumors with the mutant TERT promoter than those with the wild-type TERT promoter. TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with high-risk clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome. An adverse event (relapse, death) occurred in 16 of 68 (24%) patients, 12 with solitary fibrous tumors with TERT promoter mutations and 4 with the wild-type TERT promoter. TERT promoter mutations were strongly associated with older age (P=0.006), larger tumor size (P=0.000002), higher risk classifications

  19. [Fibrous dysplasia of bone].

    PubMed

    Orcel, Philippe; Chapurlat, Roland

    2007-10-31

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a congenital non hereditary benign bone disease, where normal bone is replaced by a fibrous-like tissue with immature osteogenesis. Prevalence is difficult to estimate, due to frequent asymptomatic lesions. Bone lesions are mono- or polyostotic and may be associated with bone pain and fragility, leading to fractures. In some patients or bone sites, they are hypertrophic, responsible for neurological complications. Imaging and, when necessary, histology are the cornerstones of the diagnosis. A common molecular defect, i.e. activating mutations of the GNAS gene, encoding the a subunit of the Gs protein in target cells, is responsible for bone cell alterations as well as for the involvement of other cells/tissues bearing the same molecular defect (melanocytes, endocrine cells). These mutations affect only somatic cells and are therefore not hereditary: antenatal diagnosis is not appropriate for this disease and genetic counselling is not very useful, except for reassuring the patients. The conventional therapeutic approach is essentially symptomatic (pain killers) and orthopaedic (prevention and treatment of bone complications). Recent publications have focused attention on pamidronate, which rapidly relieves bone pain in most patients, and progressively increases bone mineralization in osteolytic areas in about half of the patients. Tubular phosphate wasting is common and should be treated with phosphate supplement and calcitriol. The prognosis should improve with therapeutic advances, but this remains to be properly evaluated.

  20. Postradiation lumbosacral radiculopathy with spinal root cavernomas mimicking carcinomatous meningitis

    PubMed Central

    Ducray, François; Guillevin, Rémy; Psimaras, Dimitri; Sanson, Marc; Mokhtari, Karima; Delanian, Sylvie; Navarro, Soledad; Maisonobe, Thierry; Cornu, Philippe; Hoang-Xuan, Khê; Delattre, Jean-Yves; Pradat, Pierre-François

    2008-01-01

    Lumbosacral radiculopathy is a rare complication of radiotherapy and may be challenging to differentiate from diagnosis of a tumor recurrence. We reviewed the records of three patients with a past history of cancer and radiotherapy who were referred for suspicion of carcinomatous meningitis on lumbar MRI, but whose final diagnosis was radiation-induced lumbosacral radiculopathy. The three patients developed a progressive lumbosacral radiculopathy at 20, 13, and 47 years after lumbar radiotherapy delivered for renal cancer, Hodgkin’s disease, and a seminoma, respectively. MRI showed a diffuse, nodular enhancement of the cauda equina nerve roots on T1 sequences, suggestive of leptomeningeal metastasis. A slowly progressive clinical course over several years and negative cerebrospinal fluid cytologic analysis ruled out the diagnosis of carcinomatous meningitis. Because of the radiologic findings, a biopsy was performed in two patients. In the first, a biopsy limited to the arachnoid excluded a malignant infiltration. In the second, a biopsy of the enhancing lesions demonstrated spinal root cavernomas. These observations, together with three recent case reports in the literature, delineate a syndrome of “radiation-induced lumbosacral radiculopathy with multiple spinal root cavernomas” that mimics carcinomatous meningitis on MRI. Its diagnosis is important in order to avoid inappropriate treatment and useless or dangerous spinal root biopsies. PMID:18755918

  1. Efficacy of needle biopsy in postradiation thyroid disease

    SciTech Connect

    Rosen, I.B.; Palmer, J.A.; Bain, J.; Strawbridge, H.; Walfish, P.G.

    1983-12-01

    Retrospective review was carried out of 124 patients with nodular disease of the thyroid gland and a history of radiation exposure who had undergone needle aspiration biopsy. Latency period from time of radiation varied from 2 to 50 years; but in 92 patients it exceeded 2 decades. Our patient group included those with occupational exposure and a past history of radiation for cancer. Incidence of cancer in the entire group was 49% but, for solitary lesions, this was increased to 56%, while only a 30% incidence of cancer was found in cases of multinodular goiters. Accuracy of needle aspiration biopsy overall was 74%: for the group with cancer--90%, for the group with adenomas--65%, and for the group with ''benign'' tumors--83%. Further assessment of needle technique indicated a sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 90%, positive predictive value of 90%, and negative predictive value of 83% to 65%. The accuracy could be increased to 84% if all adenomas were considered as possible malignancies. Eighteen percent of our patients had second tumors in the head and neck or breast area. Near-total thyroidectomy was considered to be the preferred procedure without accidental nerve injury and was done in one case of hypoparathyroidism after excision of an extensive tracheal invasive cancer. No evidence of death, recurrence, or metastasis as a result of thyroid cancer has been noted. While needle biopsy is indispensable to intelligent management, the history of radiation to the head and neck area must be preeminent in the selection of patients for surgical treatment. Conservative management appears to be reasonable in those patients with ''benign'' cytology, a less than 1 cm nodule, multinodularity, a functioning thyroid scan result, but persistence in the face of a lack of response to conservative management does not appear to be warranted.

  2. Effect of temperature on post-radiation survival of Artemia salina

    SciTech Connect

    Radchenko, L.A.

    1984-01-01

    The postradiative survival rate was studied in one-day Artemia nauplii ..gamma..-irradiation in doses equal to 2.5; 5; 7.5; 10 Gy at medium temperatures of 15, 22, 25, 27/sup 0/C, respectively. A relationship is established between the irradiation effect (stimulation or inhibition) and temperature of the medium. The analysis of Artemia survival rate for stages of development shows that age contributes to the Artemia survival rate, relative to control, dependences on temperature (direct) and on the irradiation dose (inverse). 2 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

  3. Postradiation Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Outcome in Head-and-Neck Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, James D.; La, Trang H.; Chu, Karen; Quon, Andrew; Fischbein, Nancy J.; Maxim, Peter G.; Graves, Edward E.; Loo, Billy W.; Le, Quynh-Thu

    2011-06-01

    Purpose: To explore the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume measured on postradiation {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in patients with head-and-neck cancer. Methods and Materials: Forty-seven patients with head-and-neck cancer who received pretreatment and posttreatment PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging along with definitive chemoradiotherapy were included in this study. The PET/CT parameters evaluated include the maximum standardized uptake value, metabolic tumor volume (MTV{sub 2.0}-MTV{sub 4.0}; where MTV{sub 2.0} refers to the volume above a standardized uptake value threshold of 2.0), and integrated tumor volume. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models were used to test for association between PET endpoints and disease-free survival and overall survival. Results: Multiple postradiation PET endpoints correlated significantly with outcome; however, the most robust predictor of disease progression and death was MTV{sub 2.0}. An increase in MTV{sub 2.0} of 21cm{sup 3} (difference between 75th and 25th percentiles) was associated with an increased risk of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR]= 2.5, p = 0.0001) and death (HR = 2.0, p = 0.003). In patients with nonnasopharyngeal carcinoma histology (n = 34), MTV{sub 2.0} <18 cm{sup 3} and MTV{sub 2.0} {>=}18 cm{sup 3} yielded 2-year disease-free survival rates of 100% and 63%, respectively (p = 0.006) and 2-year overall survival rates of 100% and 81%, respectively (p = 0.009). There was no correlation between MTV{sub 2.0} and disease-free survival or overall survival with nasopharyngeal carcinoma histology (n = 13). On multivariate analysis, only postradiation MTV{sub 2.0} was predictive of disease-free survival (HR = 2.47, p = 0.0001) and overall survival (HR = 1.98, p = 0.003). Conclusions: Postradiation metabolic tumor volume is an adverse prognostic factor in head-and-neck cancer. Biomarkers such as MTV are important for risk stratification and will be valuable in

  4. [Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of representatives of the enterobacteriaceae family in postradiation intestinal dysbacteriosis].

    PubMed

    Pinegin, B V; Korshunov, V M; Ikonnikova, T B; Kissina, E V

    1980-08-01

    The irradiation of CBA mice with gamma quanta in a dose of 700 C/kg resulted in the development of postradiation intestinal dysbacteriosis in the animals. The dysbacteriosis was characterized by a considerable increase in the number of Escherichia and Proteus mirabilis in the large intestine and by the insemination of the small intestine with these microbial associations. Pr. vulgaris, Pr. morganii, Ent. aerogenes, Ent. cloacae, Citrobacter appeared in great numbers in the intestinal tract of the irradiated mice, while none of these organisms were found in the intact mice.

  5. Post-Radiation Metabolic Tumor Volume Predicts Outcome in Head-and-Neck Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Murphy, James D; La, Trang H.; Chu, Karen; Quon, Andrew; Fischbein, Nancy J.; Maxim, Peter G.; Graves, Edward E.; Loo, Billy W.; Le, Quynh-Thu

    2010-01-01

    Purpose To explore the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume measured on post-radiation 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in head-and-neck cancer patients. Methods and Materials Forty-seven head-and-neck cancer patients who received pre- and post-treatment PET/CT imaging along with definitive chemoradiotherapy were included in this study. PET/CT parameters evaluated include the maximum standardized uptake value, metabolic tumor volume (MTV2.0-MTV4.0; where MTV2.0 refers to the volume above an SUV threshold of 2.0), and integrated tumor volume. Kaplan-Meier and Cox-regression models were used to test for association between PET endpoints and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results Multiple post-radiation PET endpoints correlated significantly with outcome, however the most robust predictor of disease progression and death was MTV2.0. An increase in MTV2.0 of 21cm3 (difference between 75th and 25th percentile) was associated with an increased risk of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR]=2.5, p=0.0001) and death (HR=2.0, p=0.003). In patients with non-nasopharyngeal carcinoma (non-NPC) histology (n=34), MTV2.0<18cm3 and MTV2.0≥18cm3 yielded 2-year DFS rates of 100% and 63%, respectively (p=0.006) and 2-year OS rates of 100% and 81%, respectively (p=0.009). There was no correlation between MTV2.0 and DFS or OS with NPC histology (n=13). On multivariate analysis only post-radiation MTV2.0 was predictive of DFS (HR=2.47, p=0.0001) and OS (HR=1.98, p=0.003). Conclusions Post-radiation metabolic tumor volume is an adverse prognostic factor in head-and-neck cancer. Biomarkers such as MTV are important for risk stratification, and will be valuable in the future with risk-adapted therapies. PMID:20646870

  6. Endobronchial solitary fibrous tumor

    PubMed Central

    de Moraes, Marcelo Padovani Toledo; Colby, Thomas; Oliveira, Gilmar Felisberto; Hasimoto, Erica Nishida; Cataneo, Daniele Cristina; Cataneo, Antônio José Maria; De Faveri, Julio

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that appears primarily in the pleura and rarely in intrapulmonary or endobronchial topography. The authors report the case of a 47-year-old woman who presented obstructive respiratory symptoms for 4 years. The chest computed tomography and bronchoscopy showed an obstructive polypoid lesion located between the trachea and the left main bronchus associated with distal atelectasis of the left lung. A resection of the lesion was performed and, macroscopically, the mass was oval, encapsulated, and firm, measuring 2.3 × 1.7 × 1.5 cm. Histology revealed low-grade mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasm, with alternating cellularity, myxoid areas, and mature adipose tissue outbreaks, as well as blood vessels with irregular walls. The immunohistochemical study was positive for CD34, CD99, and BCL2. The diagnosis was SFT in an unusual topography. The patient’s symptoms remitted after tumor excision, and no systemic problems were evident. SFTs primarily affect adults and often follow a benign course; however, their behavior is unpredictable. The presence of necrosis and mitotic activity may portend a poor prognosis. Endobronchial SFTs are rare but should be evaluated and monitored similar to SFTs at other sites, with a long-term follow-up. PMID:28210572

  7. Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Orbit.

    PubMed

    Tenekeci, Goktekin; Sari, Alper; Vayisoglu, Yusuf; Serin, Onur

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been reported in various locations in the body. Solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare tumors, especially when located in the orbit. Diagnosis of SFT cannot be made based on histopathology only because it exhibits a variable microscopic appearance, and necessitates immunohistochemistry to confirm the diagnosis. A 51-year-old man was admitted to our clinic for the evaluation of a mass bulging in his left eye. Clinical examination revealed a painless mass extruding out of the orbital cavity with dimensions of 8 × 7  cm. Exenteration of the left eye including the upper and lower eyelid and reconstruction of the orbital cavity using a temporoparietal fascia flap and a temporal muscle flap was performed. SFT of orbital region is known as a slow growing and painless tumor. Based on previous studies, increased mitotic rate of the tumor gives the impression that the tumor has a malignant nature. Until now a small number or orbital SFTs were reported and none of them presented with a giant mass protruding out of the orbital cavity. We present a unique case of orbital SFT filling the whole orbital cavity and protruding outward as a giant mass. This case has been reported to expand our knowledge in this debated entity.

  8. Herpes simplex virus in postradiation cervical smears. A morphologic and immunocytochemical study

    SciTech Connect

    Longatto Filho, A.; Maeda, M.Y.; Oyafuso, M.S.; Kanamura, C.T.; Alves, V.A. )

    1990-09-01

    From January 1987 to August 1988, cytomorphologic criteria of both herpes simplex virus (HSV) and radiation effects were observed in Papanicolaou smears from 3 of 1,340 patients who had received radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase staining, using a rabbit IgG polyclonal HSV antibody, confirmed the presence of HSV antigen in those three postradiation smears. Both multinucleated molded cells and epithelial cells that lacked cytopathic effects were positive for HSV. Three other postradiation smears from these cases were similarly positive for HSV antigen; the one preradiation smear was negative. In situ hybridization and immunoperoxidase studies on sections from the preradiation biopsies were negative: severely altered neoplastic cells showed no reactivity. The absence of HSV markers in the preradiation specimens suggests that the HSV infections were secondary to the radiotherapy; further studies are needed to prove this association and to assess the possible mechanisms. These cases clearly indicate that the overlapping features of radiation and viral effects (such as multinucleation) may be present simultaneously.

  9. Why fibrous proteins are romantic.

    PubMed

    Cohen, C

    1998-01-01

    Here I give a personal account of the great history of fibrous protein structure. I describe how Astbury first recognized the essential simplicity of fibrous proteins and their paradigmatic role in protein structure. The poor diffraction patterns yielded by these proteins were then deciphered by Pauling, Crick, Ramachandran and others (in part by model building) to reveal alpha-helical coiled coils, beta-sheets, and the collagen triple helical coiled coil-all characterized by different local sequence periodicities. Longer-range sequence periodicities (or "magic numbers") present in diverse fibrous proteins, such as collagen, tropomyosin, paramyosin, myosin, and were then shown to account for the characteristic axial repeats observed in filaments of these proteins. More recently, analysis of fibrous protein structure has been extended in many cases to atomic resolution, and some systems, such as "leucine zippers," are providing a deeper understanding of protein design than similar studies of globular proteins. In the last sections, I provide some dramatic examples of fibrous protein dynamics. One example is the so-called "spring-loaded" mechanism for viral fusion by the hemagglutinin protein of influenza. Another is the possible conformational changes in prion proteins, implicated in "mad cow disease," which may be related to similar transitions in a variety of globular and fibrous proteins.

  10. [Stable fibrous subaortic stenosis].

    PubMed

    Attié, F; Dumont, C; Mispireta, J; Kuri, J; Mata, L A

    1975-01-01

    patients, and by means of measuring the gradient between the left ventricle and the aorta, the good surgical results could be demonstrated. 8. The natural evolution of patients with fixed fibrous subaortic stenosis is similar to that of other forms of congenital aortic stenosis. Taking into consideration this concept, and before the low risk (0%) in this type of surgery, this is the treatment of choice.

  11. [Poliostotic fibrous dysplasia with affectation of cervical rachis].

    PubMed

    Lumbreras, Ruth; Aznar, Jose María; Castro, Angel; Modrego, Francisco Javier; Ballester, Juan José; Espallargas, Teresa

    2007-01-01

    The fibrous dysplasia is a benign although progressive dysfunction, in which a gene mutation originates the production of fibrous disorganized bony matrix. The bony tissue is replaced by bony tissue in expansion (amorph conjuntival tissue) that produces bony deformities in some patients, pain, pathological fractures or deambulation disorders. The diagnosis is important since ocasionally the first symptom is the fracture. We show up the case of a 21 year-old patient with pain clinic in high cervical region. The complementary tests (radiology, bone scintigrraphy and MRI) and anatomo-pathology confirmed the diagnosis of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with cranial (occipital, esfenoides and right frontal and temporal bone), iliac, femoral, tibial and cervical (apophysis of C2) affectation. Our attitude was of carrying out a narrow observation by means of periodical strict controls, advising to avoid hard activities or contact sports. To the five years the patient is free of symptomatology. Radiologically the injuries have been stabilized. The fibrous dysplasia can affect to a single bone (monostotic) or to several (polyostotic). In occasions it is associated to endocrine dysfunctions and skin pigmentations in McCune-Albright's syndrome. We confront a pathology that specifies an anatomo-pathologic diagnosis to be confirmed, an extension diagnosis to detect asymptomatic focuses and whose treatment is symptomatic in most of the cases only using surgery in frank deformities or when the fracture risk is considerable, although the recurrence is frequent. The malignization is exceptional but possible that's why continuous observation is needed. The radiation therapy is radically contraindicated.

  12. Modified Delphi survey for decision analysis for prophylaxis of post-radiation osteonecrosis.

    PubMed

    Cramer, Carl K; Epstein, Joel B; Sheps, Samuel B; Schechter, Martin T; Busser, James R

    2002-09-01

    to augment epidemiological data from the literature, assist Bayesian perspectives and a decision analytic framework for the minimization of post-radiation osteonecrosis (PRON; osteoradionecrosis) and its impacts in irradiated head and neck cancer patients. a modified Delphi process survey of 15 international clinical experts was used to identify and assess outcome data and factors related to PRON risk, extraction, and factor suitability for formal decision analysis. Clinimetric pain and function outcome scales were created and assessed for relevance to quality of life. expert opinion qualitative assessments were generally adequate and consistent between open- and close-ended items, but many quantitative (e.g. PRON risk rate) estimates were not. A research agenda advocated to validate the epidemiological database for minimization of PRON and decision analysis includes: adoption of a uniform definition of PRON, and ICD code for non-experimental databases; more detailed, consistent data reporting in articles; and quality of life studies.

  13. Clinical guidelines for the management of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-malignant condition caused by post-zygotic, activating mutations of the GNAS gene that results in inhibition of the differentiation and proliferation of bone-forming stromal cells and leads to the replacement of normal bone and marrow by fibrous tissue and woven bone. The phenotype is variable and may be isolated to a single skeletal site or multiple sites and sometimes is associated with extraskeletal manifestations in the skin and/or endocrine organs (McCune-Albright syndrome). The clinical behavior and progression of FD may also vary, thereby making the management of this condition difficult with few established clinical guidelines. This paper provides a clinically-focused comprehensive description of craniofacial FD, its natural progression, the components of the diagnostic evaluation and the multi-disciplinary management, and considerations for future research. PMID:22640797

  14. Retroperitoneal calcifying fibrous tumor mimicking an adrenal tumor

    PubMed Central

    Prochaska, Erica C.; Sciallis, Andrew P.; Miller, Barbra S.

    2016-01-01

    Establishing the etiology of a retroperitoneal tumor may be difficult due to close proximity of multiple organs. Evaluation of retroperitoneal tumors often leads to surgery, many times to obtain a definitive diagnosis and rule out malignancy. Calcifying fibrous tumors (CFT) are very rare soft tissue tumors occurring most often in young patients. They are most often found arising in the thoracic cavity, mediastinum, abdominal cavity and extremities and usually have a benign clinical course. Macrocscopically, the tumors are well circumscribed and firm with a white-tan appearance. Histologically, CFT comprised a hypocellular proliferation of bland spindle cells, densely hyalinized collagen, chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation and dystrophic calcifications. Other considerations in the pathologic differential diagnosis include solitary fibrous tumor and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. PMID:27252518

  15. Retroperitoneal calcifying fibrous tumor mimicking an adrenal tumor.

    PubMed

    Prochaska, Erica C; Sciallis, Andrew P; Miller, Barbra S

    2016-06-01

    Establishing the etiology of a retroperitoneal tumor may be difficult due to close proximity of multiple organs. Evaluation of retroperitoneal tumors often leads to surgery, many times to obtain a definitive diagnosis and rule out malignancy. Calcifying fibrous tumors (CFT) are very rare soft tissue tumors occurring most often in young patients. They are most often found arising in the thoracic cavity, mediastinum, abdominal cavity and extremities and usually have a benign clinical course. Macrocscopically, the tumors are well circumscribed and firm with a white-tan appearance. Histologically, CFT comprised a hypocellular proliferation of bland spindle cells, densely hyalinized collagen, chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation and dystrophic calcifications. Other considerations in the pathologic differential diagnosis include solitary fibrous tumor and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.

  16. General Information about Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

    MedlinePlus

    ... tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) : A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves , ... the body. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI). A biopsy is done to diagnose osteosarcoma. ...

  17. Treatment Option Overview (Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone)

    MedlinePlus

    ... tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) : A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves , ... the body. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI). A biopsy is done to diagnose osteosarcoma. ...

  18. Salvage prostatectomy for post-radiation adenocarcinoma with treatment effect: Pathological and oncological outcomes.

    PubMed

    Metcalfe, Michael J; Troncoso, Patricia; Guo, Charles C; Chen, Hsiang-Chun; Bozkurt, Yasar; Ward, John F; Pisters, Louis L

    2017-07-01

    Prostate biopsies following localized radiation therapy for prostate cancer often demonstrate residual prostatic carcinoma with treatment effect (CTE). The final oncological outcome of prostatic CTE is currently uncertain. We studied the pathological and oncological outcomes for a large cohort of patients who had CTE on post-radiation therapy biopsy and subsequently underwent salvage radical prostatectomy (SRP). A single-centre retrospective review of all SRPs performed from 1995-2014 was performed. Cases were selected for this analysis if they had had a post-radiation "for-cause" biopsy. Biopsy results were compared to final pathology results following SRP. Pathological and clinical outcomes were compared by extent of treatment effect seen on the post-radiation biopsy. A total of 70 patients who had salvage prostatectomy at MD Anderson Cancer Centre from 2007-2015 met study criteria. CTE was found on biopsy in the absence of other adenocarcinoma in 16 patients. Among them, one (7%) patient had no evidence of carcinoma at the time of salvage prostatectomy, four (27%) had CTE, three (20%) had adenocarcinoma with minimal or partial treatment effect (PTE), and seven (47%) had adenocarcinoma with no treatment effect (NTE). For those with CTE on biopsy, 69% had biochemical recurrence at a median time of 0.4 years (interquartile range [IQR] 0.22-1.52) vs. 52% for all patients (median 0.44 years, IQR 0.11-1.70) and 47% for those with no treatment effect (median 0.62 years, IQR 0.05-1.90). Metastasis developed after salvage prostatectomy in 11.8% of the whole cohort (8/68, median time to metastasis was 3.03 years, IQR 2.45-4.47), 26.7% of patients with CTE (median 3.2 years, IQR 1.96-4.44), and 6.7% of patients with NTE (median 2.45 years, IQR 0.98-2.86). Median recurrence-free survival was 2.78 years (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.84-5.43) for all patients, 0.51 years (95% CI 0.22-2.35) for those with CTE, and 4.95 years (95% CI 0.95-7.08) for those with NTE; the

  19. Role of Early Postradiation Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scans in Children With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

    SciTech Connect

    Ko, Christine; Kaushal, Aradhana; Hammoud, Dima A.; Steffen-Smith, Emilie A.; Bent, Robyn; Citrin, Deborah; Camphausen, Kevin; Warren, Katherine E.

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To determine optimal timing of assessing postradiation radiographic response on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in pediatric patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Methods and Materials: Patients were treated on a prospective study at the National Cancer Institute (Protocol no. 06-C-0219) evaluating the effects of radiotherapy (RT). Standard RT was administered in standard fractionation over 6 weeks. Postradiation MRI scans were performed at 2 and 6-8 weeks. Results: Eleven patients with DIPG were evaluated. Median age was 6 years (range, 4-13 years). Patients were treated with external-beam RT to 55.8 Gy (n = 10) or 54 Gy (n = 1), with a gross tumor volume to planning target volume expansion of 1.8-2.0 cm. All patients received prescribed dose and underwent posttreatment MRI scans at 2 and 6-8 weeks. Pretreatment imaging revealed compression of fourth ventricle (n = 11); basilar artery encasement (n = 9); tumor extension outside the pons (n = 11); and tumor hemorrhage (n = 2). At the 2-week scan, basilar artery encasement improved in 7 of 9 patients, and extent of tumor was reduced in 5 of 11 patients. Fourth ventricle compression improved in 6 of 11 patients but worsened in 3 of 11 patients. Presumed necrosis was observed in 5 of 11 patients at 2 weeks and in 1 additional patient at 6-8 weeks. There was no significant difference in mean anteroposterior and transverse diameters of tumor between the 2- and 6-8-week time points. Six of 11 patients had increasing ventricular size, with no evidence of obstruction. Conclusions: There is no significant difference in tumor size of DIPG patients who have received standard RT when measured at 2 weeks vs. 6-8 weeks after RT. The majority of patients had the largest change in tumor size at the 2-week post-RT scan, with evolving changes documented on the 6-8-week scan. Six of 11 patients had progressive ventriculomegaly without obstruction, suggestive of communicating hydrocephalus. To the best

  20. Antibody against CD44s Inhibits Pancreatic Tumor Initiation and Post-Radiation Recurrence in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Li, Ling; Hao, Xinbao; Qin, Jun; Tang, Wenhua; He, Fengtian; Smith, Amber; Zhang, Min; Simeone, Diane M.; Qiao, Xiaotan T.; Chen, Zhi-Nan; Lawrence, Theodore S.; Xu, Liang

    2014-01-01

    Background & Aims CD44s is a surface marker of tumor-initiating cells (TICs); high tumor levels correlate with metastasis and recurrence, as well as poor outcomes of patients. Monoclonal antibodies against CD44s might eliminate TICs with minimal toxicity. This strategy is unclear for treatment of pancreatic cancer, and little is known about how anti-CD44s affect pancreatic cancer initiation or recurrence after radiotherapy. Methods 192 pairs of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and adjacent non-tumor pancreatic tissues were collected from patients undergoing surgery. We measured CD44s levels in tissue samples and pancreatic cancer cell lines by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and immunoblot; levels were correlated with patient survival times. We studied the effects of anti-CD44s in mice with human pancreatic tumor xenografts, and used flow cytometry to determine effects on TICs. Changes in CD44s signaling were examined by real-time PCR, immunoblot, reporter assay, and in vitro tumorsphere formation assays. Results Levels of CD44s were significantly higher in pancreatic cancer than adjacent non-tumor tissues. Patients whose tumors expressed high levels of CD44s had a median survival of 10 months, compared to 43 months for those with low levels. Anti-CD44s reduced growth, metastasis, and post-radiation recurrence of pancreatic xenograft tumors in mice. The antibody reduced the number of TICs in cultured pancreatic cancer cells and in xenograft tumors, as well as their tumorigenicity. In cultured pancreatic cancer cell lines, anti-CD44s downregulated the stem cell self-renewal genes Nanog, Sox-2, and Rex-1 and inhibited STAT3-mediated cell proliferation and survival signaling. Conclusions The TIC marker CD44s is upregulated in human pancreatic tumors and associated with patient survival time. CD44s is required for initiation, growth, metastasis, and post-radiation recurrence of xenograft tumors in mice. Anti-CD44s eliminated bulk tumor cells as well as TICs from the

  1. Metastatic melanoma mimicking solitary fibrous tumor: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Bekers, Elise M; van Engen-van Grunsven, Adriana C H; Groenen, Patricia J T A; Westdorp, Harm; Koornstra, Rutger H T; Bonenkamp, Johannes J; Flucke, Uta; Blokx, Willeke A M

    2014-02-01

    Malignant melanomas are known for their remarkable morphological variation and aberrant immunophenotype with loss of lineage-specific markers, especially in recurrences and metastases. Hot spot mutations in BRAF, NRAS, GNAQ, and GNA11 and mutations in KIT are oncogenic events in melanomas. Therefore, genotyping can be a useful ancillary diagnostic tool. We present one case each of recurrent and metastatic melanoma, both showing histological and immunohistochemical features of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Mutational analysis detected BRAF and NRAS mutations in the primary and secondary lesions, respectively. This result confirmed the diagnosis of recurrent/metastastic melanoma.

  2. Thermoacoustic properties of fibrous materials.

    PubMed

    Jensen, Carl; Raspet, Richard

    2010-06-01

    The thermoacoustic properties of fibrous materials are studied using a computational fluid simulation as a test of proposed analytical models for propagation in porous materials with an ambient temperature gradient. The acoustic properties of porous materials have been understood in terms of microstructural models that approximate the material as an array of pores with empirical shape factors used to fit the pore theory to the material. An extension of these theories of acoustics to the thermoacoustic case with an ambient temperature gradient has been proposed by Roh et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 1413-1422 (2007)] and a model based on Wilson's relaxation approximation for porous acoustics [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 1136-1145 (1993)] is proposed herein, but the predictions of these analytical models have not been tested successfully against measurements. Accurately characterizing the effects of the applied temperature gradient in a wide bandwidth laboratory setup have proven difficult; as a result, the authors conducted a numerical simulation of propagation within a fibrous geometry in order to test the predictions of the analytical models. The results for several fibrous samples show that the models yield a reliable prediction of thermoacoustic performance from the shape factors and relaxation times.

  3. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the ribs.

    PubMed

    Traibi, Akram; El Oueriachi, Faycal; El Hammoumi, Massine; Al Bouzidi, Abderahman; Kabiri, El Hassane

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a sporadic benign skeletal disorder that can affect one bone (monostotic form) or multiple bones (polyostotic bone). Around 6-20% of monostotic FD occurs in the ribs. The objective of this study was to report our experience in the management of the monostotic FD of the ribs. Between January 2004 and December 2009, seven cases of FD of the rib (six men and one woman, mean age 30.4 years, range 17-40 years) were operated on. The patients were evaluated with plain radiographs and computer tomography (CT). All our patients were symptomatic; two patients presented chest pain and swelling and other patients presented only chest pain. One rib was involved in all our patients (monostotic form): the site was fifth rib (four cases), sixth rib (two cases) or second rib (one case). Radiologically, plain films and CT showed an expansible lesion with a ground-glass centre and thinning of the cortex. Rib resection was performed in all patients; there were no postoperative complications and no recurrence in all cases at mean 43 month follow-up. In symptomatic monostotic FD of ribs, the involved segment of bone may be excised to rule out malignancy and for painful lesions.

  4. Post-radiation changes in oral tissues - An analysis of cancer irradiation cases.

    PubMed

    Pandya, Jay Ashokkumar; Srikant, N; Boaz, Karen; Manaktala, Nidhi; Kapila, Supriya Nikita; Yinti, Shanmukha Raviteja

    2014-07-01

    Radiation, commonly employed as neoadjuvant, primary, and adjuvant therapy for head and neck cancer causes numerous epithelial and stromal changes, prominent among which is fibrosis with its early and late consequences. Very little is known about the true nature of the fibrosed tissue and the type of fibers accumulated. Radiotherapy affects the supporting tumor stroma often resulting in a worsening grade of tumor post-radiation. To study epithelial, neoplastic, stromal, and glandular changes in oral cavity induced by radiation therapy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) using special stains. The study included 27 samples of recurrent OSCC following completion of radiotherapy (recurrence within an average span of 11 months), and 26 non-irradiated cases of OSCC. Patients with a history of combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy were not included in the study. The epithelial changes assessed included epithelial atrophy, apoptosis, necrosis, dysplasia, and neoplasia. The connective tissue was evaluated for amount of fibrosis, quality of fibers (using picrosirius red staining), fibrinous exudate, necrosis, pattern of invasion, vessel wall thickening, and salivary gland changes. The aforementioned changes were assessed using light and polarizing microscopy and tabulated. Epithelial and connective tissue parameters were compared between the irradiated and non-irradiated cases using chi square and t-tests. Epithelial and connective tissue parameters were found to be increased in irradiated patients. Pattern of invasion by tumor cells varied from strands and  cords between the two groups studied. The effect of radiation was seen to reflect on the maturity of fibers and the regularity of their distribution.

  5. Integrated therapeutic approach to giant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: report of a case and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Cerqua, Francesco Saverio; Cammarata, Antonino; Izzo, Alessandro; Bergaminelli, Carlo; Curcio, Carlo; Guarino, Carmine; Grella, Edoardo; Forzano, Imma; Cennamo, Antonio; Tafuri, Domenico; Rocca, Aldo; Bianco, Andrea; Mazzarella, Gennaro

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The fibrous tumors of the pleura are rare primary tumors, accounting for 5% of malignant pleural neoplasms, which generally originate from sub-mesothelial mesenchymal tissue of the visceral pleura. These tumours generally exhibit clinical benign behavior although 12% of solitary fibrous tumors can be malignant and have worse outcomes. These tumors are considered “giant” when the lesion > 15 cm. Surgical treatment is the best choice for both benign and malignant neoplasms. We retrospectively analyzed the main case series of giant fibrous tumors of the pleura. In addition we report our experience of a 76-year-old woman treated by pre-surgical embolization involving implantation of vascular plugs. Surgery was successfully carried out without complications; imaging and functional assessment 6 months post intervention demonstrated both the absence of recurrence and improvement of lung function parameters. PMID:28352798

  6. Oral benign fibrous histiocytoma: two case reports

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a benign soft tissue tumour arising as a fibrous mass everywhere in the human body. The involvement of the oral cavity is rare. We report two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma that localized in the oral cavity. The clinical and histological features of the lesion are reported. Finally, a literature revision of this pathology at the level of the oral cavity is reported. PMID:20066060

  7. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in Osteosarcoma in Fibrous Dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Sasikumar, Arun; Joy, Ajith; Pillai, M R A; Alex, Tony M; Narayanan, Geetha

    2017-03-24

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone lesion with a rare but potential for malignant transformation. Neither Tc-MDP nor F-FDG PET/CT can differentiate between FD and areas of malignant transformation in FD. We described a case of osteosarcoma developing in FD with selective uptake of tracer in malignant transformation areas demonstrated on a Ga-PSMA PET/CT scan. Our case highlights the ability of Ga-PSMA PET/CT to map tumor neoangiogenesis in osteosarcoma arising in FD, which can have potential implications in prognostication, possibility of antiangiogenesis-based therapeutic options, and in response assessment following chemotherapy.

  8. Emissivity of layered fibrous materials.

    PubMed

    Golombok, M; Shirvill, L C

    1988-09-15

    The radiant energy properties of fibrous materials may be described by an effective surface emissivity, which is a function of the material construction. The important parameters are porosity and the emissivity of the solid component. The layered construction leads to a unit cell model determining radiant heat transfer through the material to the environment. Geometric absorption cross sections are used as radiation view factors in a pseudoenclosed configuration. The emissivities are obtained by comparison to a material made from black fibers and are in qualitative agreement with experimental measurements.

  9. [Post-radiation effect on the interhemispheric asymmetry in EEG and thermography characteristics].

    PubMed

    Zhavoronkova, L A; Gabova, A V; Kuznetsova, G D; Sel'skiĭ, A G; Pasechnik, V I; Kholodova, N B; Ianovich, A V

    2003-01-01

    Complex analysis of EEG and thermographic parameters carried out in 10 healthy subjects and 34 patients, Chernobyl clean-up participants revealed a correlation between EEG and brain temperature changes in the baseline state and during mental arithmetic. During cognitive activity the maximal increase in the average EEG coherence and temperature shifts in healthy subjects were observed in the left frontotemporal and right parietotemporal areas. In patients changes in both parameters under study were most pronounced, the interhemispheric relations were impaired. The visual analysis revealed "flat" and "hypersynchronous" EEG types in patients. The dominant pathologic activity in the betal range indicative of mediobasal and oral brainstem lesions was characteristic of the flat EEG. This type of activity was observed in 60% of patients. In these cases, a general decrease in EEG coherence and temperature was most pronounced in the left hemisphere. The hypersynchronou EEG type (40% patients) was characterized by paroxysmal activity in the theta and alpha ranges suggesting diencephalic brain lesions. In these cases, EEG coherence and temperature were more variable; changes in the right hemisphere were significant, be it increase or decrease. Our complex approach to investigation of brain activity in different aspects seems to be promising in estimation of the brain functional state both in healthy persons and patients in remote terms after exposure to radiation. The specific hemispheric temperature changes revealed in Chernobyl patients especially during cognitive activity can be the sequels of postradiation disorders of vascular neuro-circulation. The EEG findings suggest subcortical disorders at different levels (diencephalic or brainstem) and functional failure of the right or left hemispheres in remote terms after exposure to radiation.

  10. Leptomeningeal metastasis of an intradural malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor.

    PubMed

    Stark, Andreas M; Mehdorn, H Maximilian

    2013-08-01

    Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are defined as any malignant tumor arising from or differentiating towards the peripheral nerve sheath. Intradural MPNST metastases are very rare. We report, to our knowledge, the first case of leptomeningeal metastasis of a MPNST to the spine and intracranial space. A 56-year-old woman with primary intradural MPNST of the S1 nerve root developed leptomeningeal metastases as well as brain metastases 19 months after diagnosis. The patient had a history of non-Hodgkins lymphoma for which she had received irradiation to the spine 15 years prior to this presentation. She had no stigmata of neurofibromatosis type 1. Patients with MPNST may also develop leptomeningeal metastases as demonstrated in this patient with intradural post-radiation MPNST.

  11. Rigid fibrous ceramics for entry systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Banas, Ronald P.

    1993-01-01

    The topics addressed are: (1) high payoff areas with reusable surface insulation; (2) technology opportunities/gap; (3) coatings for rigid fibrous ceramics; (4) challenges for reusable rigid fibrous ceramics - Lunar/Mars aerobraking heatshield; (5) comparison of LI-900 and HTP properties; and (6) comparison of microstructures.

  12. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Stomach

    PubMed Central

    Hussain, Qulsoom; Shafique, Khurram; Hurairah, Abu; Grossman, Evan B.

    2017-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that usually originates from the pleura, but has been reported in other extrapleural locations. We report a rare case of a solitary fibrous tumor of the stomach, which was successfully treated with endoscopic mucosal resection. PMID:28286800

  13. Oral focal fibrous hyperplasia and squamous cell papilloma treated with an erbium laser. Case presentation.

    PubMed

    Boj, J; Hernandez, M; Espasa, E; Espanya, A

    2014-01-01

    Mouth and oropharynx cancer constitute 5% of all malignancies; 95% of them are head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Carcinogenesis is a multifactor process. Mutagenesis is also determined by the human papilloma virus which has recently been found to be etiologically associated with 20 to 25% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, mostly in the oropharinx. Focal fibrous hyperplasia of the connective tissue comes up as an answer to a chronic irritation in which a big amount of collagen can be found. As there exist certain clinical resemblance between squamous cell papilloma, fibrous focal hyperplasia and other mesenchimal tumors it is recommended to proceed, always, with removal and study. Two cases, one of an oral papilloma and another of a focal fibrous hyperplasia in pediatric patients, treated with an Er,Cr:YSGG laser wave length (mu) of 2780 nm are presented.

  14. A Rare Case of Monostotic Spinal Fibrous Dysplasia Mimicking Solitary Metastatic Lesion of Thyroid Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Sharifudin, Mohd Ariff; Zakaria, Zamzuri; Awang, Mohamed Saufi; Mohamed Amin, Mohamed Azril; Abd Aziz, Azian

    2016-01-01

    Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the vertebra is a rare entity. A case of a 53-year-old lady who presented with an 8 months history of pain in the thoracic spine region with paraparesis is discussed. She had a history of papillary thyroid carcinoma and had undergone total thyroidectomy one year prior to her current problem. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed isolated osteolytic lesion over the posterior element of the T12 vertebra with narrowing of the spinal canal causing compression of the cord. The diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia was made histologically. Fibrous dysplasia rarely occurs in axial bones compared with peripheral bones. This case illustrates that osteolytic lesion of the vertebrae should be evaluated with detailed radiological and histopathological examination before an empirical diagnosis of spinal metastasis is made in an adult with a background history of primary malignancy well-known to spread to the bone. PMID:27540330

  15. Fibrous incudostapedial joint in congenital aural atresia.

    PubMed

    Balaker, Ashley E; Roberson, Joseph B; Goldsztein, Hernan

    2014-04-01

    (1) Determine the prevalence of a non-bony or fibrous incudostapedial (IS) joint in the setting of congenital aural atresia. (2) Assess this anomaly's impact on surgical management and associated hearing outcomes. Retrospective chart review. Subspecialty private practice. Operative reports and audiometric data of patients who underwent congenital aural atresia repair by a single surgeon from 2007 to 2011 were reviewed for operative anatomic findings and audiometric outcomes. Two hundred twenty-eight operations on 206 ears were performed. Median age was 5 years old. Fifty-five (26.7%) of these ears had a fibrous IS joint. The severity of this anomaly was graded as mild in 23 ears, moderate in 20 ears, and severe in 12 ears. Mean postoperative pure tone air conduction (PTA2) in the severely fibrous group was 51 compared to 46 in the moderate group (P = .03) and 41 in the mild group (P = .006). Patients with a fibrous IS joint who underwent successful ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR) had a mean postoperative PTA2 of 30, which was a significantly better outcome than in patients with moderately or severely fibrous IS joints who did not have OCR (P < .05). A fibrous IS joint was seen in 27% of patients undergoing repair of congenital aural atresia. The severity of this anomaly has important implications for postoperative hearing results. These findings suggest that ossicular chain reconstruction should be performed in moderately or severely fibrous cases.

  16. [Anorexia and Weight Loss as First Symptoms of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pleura].

    PubMed

    Pimenta Bento, Luciana; Melo, Ricardo; Gautier, António; Bravio, Ivan; Martelo, Fernando; Rodrigues, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    We report the clinical case of a 66 year-old woman with anorexia and weight loss, in whom a giant mass was found in the left pulmonary field. A computorized tomography guided fine-needle biopsy established the diagnosis of a solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura. Surgical resection of a 2655 grams of tumor mass was performed and the pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Nine months after surgery, the patient remained free of symptoms and with no evidence of disease recurrence. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura is a rare entity with mesenchymal origin. Although most solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura are benign, they possess a malignant potential and thus should be totally excised. Diagnosis is generally incidental, being the majority of the patients asymptomatic. However, extrinsic compression of the solitary fibrous pleural tumor on lung parenchyma may cause symptoms, from which the commonest are cough, dyspnea, and chest pain. The clinical presentation, suggestive of a consumptive and malignant disease reinforced the heterogeneity of this disease and the singularity of this clinical case, thus justifying its presentation.

  17. [Abnormal expression of c-myc, p53, p16 protein and GNAS1 gene mutation in fibrous dysplasia].

    PubMed

    Tang, Juan; Zhao, Hong-ye; Zheng, Li; Zhang, Hui-zhen; Jiang, Zhi-ming

    2009-05-01

    To study the significance of c-myc, p53 and p16 protein expression in fibrous dysplasia, to detect the GNAS1 gene mutation in fibrous dysplasia, and to explore the property of fibrous dysplasia. The expression of c-myc, p53 and p16 protein was evaluated by immunohistochemistry SP method in 35 cases of fibrous dysplasia including 1 FD with malignancy, 1 Mazabraud syndrome and 20 control cases (10 cases of bony callus, 10 cases of osteosarcoma). Genomic DNA extraction, PCR amplification and gene sequencing were used to detect GNAS1 gene mutation in 35 cases of fibrous dysplasia. C-myc protein immunoreactivity was detected in 91 percentage of FD (P = 0.001). Compared with the negative control group, the difference was significant. P16 positive was detected in 34 FD cases (P = 0.001). The difference was significant as compared with the positive control group. Positive p53 protein expression was detected in the only 1 case of fibrous dysplasia with malignant transformation. PCR amplification was successful in 12 of 35 FD cases. Two of the 12 FD cases were detected to have GNAS1 gene mutation, in which 1 case was FD of Mazabraud syndrome, 1 case was a monostotic lesion. C-myc could be another protooncogene in addition to c-fos in the fibrous dysplasia disease. P53 protein overexpression could be useful in the diagnosis of FD malignancy and in the prediction of the prognosis of FD. The abnormal expression of the gene p16 might play an important role in the formation of FD. The GNAS1 mutation exist in FD. All of the results indicate that FD could be a neoplasia disease, caused by multiple factors leading to a dysfunction of bone development.

  18. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with gigantism and huge pelvic tumor: a rare case of McCune-Albright syndrome.

    PubMed

    Sakayama, Kenshi; Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Kidani, Teruki; Fujibuchi, Taketsugu; Kito, Katsumi; Tanji, Nozomu; Nakamura, Atsushi

    2011-06-01

    We report a rare case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia on endocrine hyperfunction with elevated human growth hormone and normal serum level of prolactin. There were some differential points of gender, gigantism, endocrine function, and GNAS gene from McCune-Albright syndrome. Malignant transformation was suspected in the pelvic tumor from imaging because rapid growth of the tumor by imaging was observed; however, no malignant change occurred in this case.

  19. Fibrous-Ceramic/Aerogel Composite Insulating Tiles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Susan M.; Rasky, Daniel J.

    2004-01-01

    Fibrous-ceramic/aerogel composite tiles have been invented to afford combinations of thermal-insulation and mechanical properties superior to those attainable by making tiles of fibrous ceramics alone or aerogels alone. These lightweight tiles can be tailored to a variety of applications that range from insulating cryogenic tanks to protecting spacecraft against re-entry heating. The advantages and disadvantages of fibrous ceramics and aerogels can be summarized as follows: Tiles made of ceramic fibers are known for mechanical strength, toughness, and machinability. Fibrous ceramic tiles are highly effective as thermal insulators in a vacuum. However, undesirably, the porosity of these materials makes them permeable by gases, so that in the presence of air or other gases, convection and gas-phase conduction contribute to the effective thermal conductivity of the tiles. Other disadvantages of the porosity and permeability of fibrous ceramic tiles arise because gases (e.g., water vapor or cryogenic gases) can condense in pores. This condensation contributes to weight, and in the case of cryogenic systems, the heat of condensation undesirably adds to the heat flowing to the objects that one seeks to keep cold. Moreover, there is a risk of explosion associated with vaporization of previously condensed gas upon reheating. Aerogels offer low permeability, low density, and low thermal conductivity, but are mechanically fragile. The basic idea of the present invention is to exploit the best features of fibrous ceramic tiles and aerogels. In a composite tile according to the invention, the fibrous ceramic serves as a matrix that mechanically supports the aerogel, while the aerogel serves as a low-conductivity, low-permeability filling that closes what would otherwise be the open pores of the fibrous ceramic. Because the aerogel eliminates or at least suppresses permeation by gas, gas-phase conduction, and convection, the thermal conductivity of such a composite even at

  20. Comparison of numerical change of epidermal growth factor receptor gene among pre- and postradiation glioma, and gliosis, and its clinical use.

    PubMed

    Okada, Yoshifumi; Ohno, Chihiro; Ueki, Keisuke; Ogino, Masahiro; Kawamoto, Shunsuke; Kim, Phyo

    2007-01-01

    Surgery with following chemoradiotherapy is the mainstream glioma treatment. In the course of postradiation events, however, it is sometimes difficult for neurosurgeons, radiologists, and pathologists to discriminate tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, on chromosome 7, is known to gain in copy number frequently in high-grade gliomas. The authors applied the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method to observe the gene's numerical status in pre- and postradiation glioma samples to elucidate whether this technique is useful in the discrimination of glioma recurrence from radiation necrosis. When 15 postradiation glioma samples and 4 postradiation nonglioma samples were tested, all the recurrent glioma tissue harbored numerical aberrations of the gene, whereas no abnormality could be observed in necrosis or in nonglioma gliosis. FISH could even prove a residual glioma cell in a gliotic tissue taken by needle biopsy after gamma-knife radiosurgery, which had been executed on a supposed metastatic brain tumor. FISH is considered to be of help in accurate diagnosis, especially when the usual histopathological diagnosis is difficult because of radiation effects or small sample size.

  1. The "pirate sign" in fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Singnurkar, Amit; Rush, Chris

    2006-11-01

    Fibrous dysplasia commonly involves the skull in both its monostotic and polyostotic variants. We present two cases of fibrous dysplasia involving the sphenoid wing, which were strikingly similar in their bone scan appearance. Both patients demonstrated intense increased uptake of Tc-99m MDP in a pattern reminding us of a "pirate wearing an eyepatch." We propose that this characteristic appearance of fibrous dysplasia of the sphenoid wing be called the "pirate sign." A review of the literature revealed several other pathologic conditions that have been reported to involve the sphenoid bone and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abnormal bone tracer uptake in this region.

  2. Fibrous Dysplasia in the Epiphysis of the Distal Femur

    PubMed Central

    Noh, Jung Ho; Lee, Jae Woo

    2017-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a common benign skeletal lesion that may involve a single bone or multiple bones. Although fibrous dysplasia can affect any bone, monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the long bone typically occurs in the diaphysis or metaphysis. We report a very rare case of monostotic fibrous dysplasia involving the epiphysis of the distal femur in a young man. PMID:28231652

  3. [Solitary fibrous tumours of the kidney].

    PubMed

    Gres, Pascal; Avances, Christophe; Ben Naoum, Kamel; Chapuis, Héliette; Costa, Pierre

    2004-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are mesenchymal tumours that usually arise from the pleura. Renal SFT are exceptional (9 cases reported in the literature). The authors report a new case discovered during assessment of HT and treated by radical right nephrectomy. The histological appearance is characteristic: a tumour with a fibrous centre, composed of a monomorphic proliferation of spindle cells, with positive CD 34, CD 99, and bcl 2 labelling. The prognosis after complete resection is generally favourable.

  4. Primary solitary fibrous tumor of the retroperitoneum

    PubMed Central

    Charhi, Hind; Bernoussi, Zakiya; Haddan, Azzouz; Mesmoudi, Siham; Elktaibi, Abderrahim; Mansouri, Fatima; Elktaibi, Rachid; Lahlou, Khalid; Jahid, Ahmed; Mahassini, Najat

    2011-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is an uncommon neoplasm affecting adults and typically located in the pleura and can also occur in a large number of other extra thoracic sites. We present the case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the retroperitoneum and describe their histopathological and immunohistochemical features. The identification of SFT in the retroperitoneum is of importance because its clinico-pathological behaviour is still unclear. The pathologist plays a fundamental role in establishing both the positive and differential diagnosis. PMID:24765378

  5. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thoracic spine.

    PubMed

    Arantes, M; Honavar, M; Vaz, A R; Resende, M; Pereira, J R

    2009-12-01

    Intraspinal solitary fibrous tumors are rare: to our knowledge, the literature reports only 27 cases. We present a histologically and immunohistochemically confirmed solitary fibrous tumor involving the intradural extramedullary compartment of the thoracic spine. Microsurgical gross-total resection was achieved. A definitive role for adjuvant treatments in this type of tumor has not been established and therefore, they were not used. The patient was well, without clinical or radiological recurrence, 18 months after surgery.

  6. Corrosion Behavior of Steel Fibrous Concrete

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-05-01

    Crvtaiue wi ,rerse sido it necessaty m’d Identify by block number) steel fibrous concrete corrosion cracked fibrous concrete 20 ABST RACT (Continue...dissolved gas in liq- Although chloride ions affect the rate of steel corro- uids. sion in concrete , corrosion can occur without them. Verbeck has...repcrted that steel subjected to a concrete Corrosion of steel will not occur without water. Not environment normally develops a protective oxide film

  7. Unusual Malignant Solid Neoplasms of the Kidney: Cross-Sectional Imaging Findings

    PubMed Central

    Karaosmanoğlu, Ali Devrim; Shirkhoda, Ali; Ozmen, Mustafa; Hahn, Peter F.

    2015-01-01

    Malignant kidney neoplasms are the most frequently encountered solid kidney masses. Although renal cell carcinoma is the major renal malignancy, other solid malignant renal masses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid renal masses that do not contain a macroscopic fatty component. In this pictorial essay, we present the imaging findings of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor, primary liposarcoma of the kidney, primary neuroendocrine tumor, leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, sclerosing fibrosarcoma and renal metastasis of osteosarcoma. PMID:26175585

  8. Phase distribution of products of radiation and post-radiation distillation of biopolymers: Cellulose, lignin and chitin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ponomarev, A. V.; Kholodkova, Е. M.; Metreveli, A. K.; Metreveli, P. K.; Erasov, V. S.; Bludenko, A. V.; Chulkov, V. N.

    2011-11-01

    Influence of both the absorbed dose and the dose rate of 8 MeV electron-beam radiation on destruction of microcrystalline cellulose, pine lignin and krill chitin was investigated. Two conversion modes were compared: (1) post-radiation distillation PRD and (2) electron-beam distillation EBD. Cellulose, chitin and lignin demonstrate different responses to irradiation and distillation in PRD and EBD modes. Treatment in EBD mode transforms biopolymers to organic liquid more productively than conventional dry distillation and treatment in PRD mode. Both radiation heating and an irradiation without heating intensify chitin and cellulose decomposition and distillation. At the same time lignin decaying rather efficiently in EBD mode appears to be insensitive to a preliminary irradiation in PRD mode up to a dose of 2.4 MGy.

  9. Prospective phase II study of the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in post-radiation patients.

    PubMed

    Vijayan, A; Asha, M L; Babu, S; Chakraborty, S

    2014-12-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) delivered using an extra-oral device in patients with radiation-induced xerostomia. Thirty oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer patients post-adjuvant (n = 26) or definitive radiotherapy (n = 4) were enrolled in this study. The TENS electrode pads were placed externally on the skin overlying the parotid glands. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected for 5 min into graduated tubes using the low forced spitting method. The TENS unit was then activated and stimulated saliva was collected for an additional 5 min. The difference between unstimulated and stimulated saliva output was measured using the paired t-test. Linear regression was used to determine factors significantly influencing the improvement in salivary output. Twenty-nine of 30 patients showed increased saliva flow during stimulation. A statistically significant improvement in saliva production (P < 0.05) during stimulation was noted. The mean unstimulated saliva flow was 0.056 ml/min and the mean stimulated saliva flow was 0.12 ml/min with a median increase of 0.06 ml/min. The interval to the application of TENS after radiotherapy significantly influenced the improvement in salivary flow. Extra-oral application of TENS is effective in increasing the whole salivary flow in most of the post-radiated oral cavity/oropharyngeal cancer patients with xerostomia. TENS therapy may be useful as an effective supportive treatment modality in post-radiated oral cancer patients. Copyright © 2014 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Electrospinning of photocrosslinked and degradable fibrous scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Tan, Andrea R; Ifkovits, Jamie L; Baker, Brendon M; Brey, Darren M; Mauck, Robert L; Burdick, Jason A

    2008-12-15

    Electrospun fibrous scaffolds are being developed for the engineering of numerous tissues. Advantages of electrospun scaffolds include the similarity in fiber diameter to elements of the native extracellular matrix and the ability to align fibers within the scaffold to control and direct cellular interactions and matrix deposition. To further expand the range of properties available in fibrous scaffolds, we developed a process to electrospin photocrosslinkable macromers from a library of multifunctional poly(beta-amino ester)s. In this study, we utilized one macromer (A6) from this library for initial examination of fibrous scaffold formation. A carrier polymer [poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)] was used for fiber formation because of limitations in electrospinning A6 alone. Various ratios of A6 and PEO were successfully electrospun and influenced the scaffold fiber diameter and appearance. When electrospun with a photoinitiator and exposed to light, the macromers crosslinked rapidly to high double bond conversions and fibrous scaffolds displayed higher elastic moduli compared to uncrosslinked scaffolds. When these fibers were deposited onto a rotating mandrel and crosslinked, organized fibrous scaffolds were obtained, which possessed higher moduli (approximately 4-fold) in the fiber direction than perpendicular to the fiber direction, as well as higher moduli (approximately 12-fold) than that of nonaligned crosslinked scaffolds. With exposure to water, a significant mass loss and a decrease in mechanical properties were observed, correlating to a rapid initial loss of PEO which reached an equilibrium after 7 days. Overall, these results present a process that allows for formation of fibrous scaffolds from a wide variety of possible photocrosslinkable macromers, increasing the diversity and range of properties achievable in fibrous scaffolds for tissue regeneration.

  11. [Fibrous dysplasia of the bone. Contribution of nuclear medicine in the diagnosis of suspicion of sarcomatous degeneration].

    PubMed

    Santiago Chinchilla, A; Ramos Font, C; Tello Moreno, M; Rebollo Aguirre, A C; Navarro-Pelayo Láinez, M; Gallego Peinado, M; Llamas Elvira, J M

    2010-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a relatively frequent benign disease of the bone in which there is a maturation disorder of the bone-forming mesenchyme where the lamellar bone marrow is replaced with abnormal fibrous tissue. Its diagnosis is often an accidental finding when X-ray studies or bone scans are performed for other reasons since it is usually asymptomatic. There may be complications such as deformities, pathological fractures and exceptionally malignant transformation. The differential diagnosis between malignancy and FD can be complicated and lead to late diagnosis when sarcomatous degeneration already exists. In this context, the positron tomography with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) may be useful in the monitoring of this condition. We present two cases of patients diagnosed of FD with suspicion of malignization of their bone lesions who were referred to Nuclear Medicin. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. y SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  12. Mesothelioma - malignant

    MedlinePlus

    ... Names Mesothelioma - malignant; Malignant pleura mesothelioma (MPM) Images Respiratory system References Broaddus VC, Robinson BWS. Pleural tumors. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016: ...

  13. Denosumab treatment for fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Boyce, Alison M; Chong, William H; Yao, Jack; Gafni, Rachel I; Kelly, Marilyn H; Chamberlain, Christine E; Bassim, Carol; Cherman, Natasha; Ellsworth, Michelle; Kasa-Vubu, Josephine Z; Farley, Frances A; Molinolo, Alfredo A; Bhattacharyya, Nisan; Collins, Michael T

    2012-07-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disease caused by somatic activating mutations of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-regulating protein, α-subunit of the Gs stimulatory protein (G(s) α). These mutations lead to replacement of normal bone by proliferative osteogenic precursors, resulting in deformity, fracture, and pain. Medical treatment has been ineffective in altering the disease course. Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) is a cell-surface protein involved in many cellular processes, including osteoclastogenesis, and is reported to be overexpressed in FD-like bone cells. Denosumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody to RANKL approved for treatment of osteoporosis and prevention of skeletal-related events from bone metastases. We present the case of a 9-year-old boy with severe FD who was treated with denosumab for a rapidly expanding femoral lesion. Immunohistochemical staining on a pretreatment bone biopsy specimen revealed marked RANKL expression. He was started on monthly denosumab, with an initial starting dose of 1 mg/kg and planned 0.25 mg/kg dose escalations every 3 months. Over 7 months of treatment he showed marked reduction in pain, bone turnover markers (BTMs), and tumor growth rate. Denosumab did not appear to impair healing of a femoral fracture that occurred while on treatment. With initiation of treatment he developed hypophosphatemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism, necessitating supplementation with phosphorus, calcium, and calcitriol. BTMs showed rapid and sustained suppression. With discontinuation there was rapid and dramatic rebound of BTMs with cross-linked C-telopeptide (reflecting osteoclast activity) exceeding pretreatment levels, accompanied by severe hypercalcemia. In this child, denosumab lead to dramatic reduction of FD expansion and FD-related bone pain. Denosumab was associated with clinically significant disturbances of mineral metabolism both while on treatment and after discontinuation. Denosumab treatment

  14. Pleural malignancies.

    PubMed

    Friedberg, Joseph S; Cengel, Keith A

    2010-07-01

    Pleural malignancies, primary or metastatic, portend a grim prognosis. In addition to the serious oncologic implications of a pleural malignancy, these tumors can be highly symptomatic. A malignant pleural effusion can cause dyspnea, secondary to lung compression, or even tension physiology from a hydrothorax under pressure. The need to palliate these effusions is a seemingly straightforward clinical scenario, but with nuances that can result in disastrous complications for the patient if not attended to appropriately. Solid pleural malignancies can cause great pain from chest wall invasion or can cause a myriad of morbid symptoms because of the invasion of thoracic structures, such as the heart, lungs, or esophagus. This article reviews pleural malignancies, the purely palliative treatments, and the treatments that are performed with definitive (curative) intent. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Recurrent Monostotic Fibrous Dysplasia in the Mandible

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Reinaldo José; Takehana, Denise; Deana, Naira Figueiredo

    2016-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition in which normal bone marrow is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of new fibrous connective tissue. Female patient, white, 20 years old, attended the dental clinic reporting a slow increase in volume in the right mandible region over the last 5 years. She was examined by imaging: the panoramic X-ray revealed a lesion with the appearance of ground glass while the cone-beam computed tomography showed an extensive lesion in the region of the right hemimandible. The histopathological examination was compatible with fibrous dysplasia. Bone gammagraphy was indicated, plus an endocrinological study to eliminate polyostotic forms, which produced a negative result. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the right hemimandible was diagnosed. Conservative surgery was carried out and after 1 year recurrence of the tumour was observed. We may conclude that conservative surgery might not be the best choice for treatment for monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the mandible and that other options must be considered, such as radical surgery or the use of bisphosphonates. In our study, we may also conclude that it is very important to explain to the patient the possibility of recurrence of the lesion and the need for monitoring with periodic imaging studies. PMID:27340572

  16. Fibrous Dysplasia Characterization Using Lacunarity Analysis.

    PubMed

    Cordeiro, Mirna S; Backes, André R; Júnior, Antônio F Durighetto; Gonçalves, Elmar H G; de Oliveira, Jefferson X

    2016-02-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a developmental anomaly in which the normal medullary space of the affected bone is replaced by fibro-osseous tissue. This condition is typically encountered in adolescents and young adults. It affects the maxillofacial region and it can often cause severe deformity and asymmetry. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is critical to determine the appropriate treatment of each case. In this sense, computed tomography (CT) is a relevant resource among the imaging techniques for correct diagnosis of this condition. Thus, in this paper, we propose to analyze fibrous dysplasia through its texture pattern. To accomplish this task, we propose to use lacunarity analysis, a multiscale method for describing patterns of spatial dispersion. Results indicated lower lacunarity values for fibrous dysplasia in comparison to normal bone samples, an indication that their texture images are more homogeneous, and a high separability between the classes when using principal component analysis (PCA) and decision trees for statistical analysis.

  17. Trace elements of fibrous diamonds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Y.; Griffin, W. L.; Navon, O.

    2009-04-01

    Twenty-seven fibrous diamonds from Kankan, Udachnaya, Diavik, DeBeers Pool and Koingnaas were analyzed for their trace element contents using the cellulose calibration LA-ICP-MS method; their major and volatile content were previously determined by EPMA and FTIR. This set of diamonds carries high-Mg carbonatitic, saline and low-Mg carbonatitic to silicic high-density fluid (HDFs) which represent the four end-members found in microinclusion-bearing diamonds. The trapped HDFs in all diamonds are highly enriched in incompatible elements typically reaching levels of a few thousand times the primitive mantle values. The majority of diamonds show similar patterns from Pr towards the more compatible elements, with moderate to high negative anomalies of Sr, Zr, Hf, Ti and Y. These anomalies are found in kimberlitic melts as well as in other metasomatic fluids in the lithospheric mantle. In the low-Mg carbonatitic to silicic HDFs and in the saline ones, two patterns are distinguished in the most incompatible elements (Cs-Ce). The first (designated "Table") has significantly higher Ba, U, Th and LREE compared to Nb, Ta and, in most cases, K, Rb and Cs. The second pattern ("Bench") is flatter with no significant anomalies in this range. The high-Mg carbonatitic HDFs do not show such defined patterns. Still, high-Mg carbonatitic HDFs from Kankan show higher depletion of the alkalis, and to a lesser extent Nb and Ta, compared with Udachnaya high-Mg HDFs. The present database is still limited, but "Table" patterns were found in the coat of a Kankan diamond that carries eclogitic inclusions in its core and in a Diavik diamond with peridotitic micro-mineral inclusions in its coat. Thus, the two patterns are probably not related to the peridotitic or eclogitic rocks that host the diamonds. "Table" and "Bench" patterns of the incompatible elements are found in HDFs of diverse major-element compositions (carbonatitic, silicic and saline). This suggests that the two patterns reflect

  18. Enzymes in bast fibrous plant processing.

    PubMed

    Kozlowski, Ryszard; Batog, Jolanta; Konczewicz, Wanda; Mackiewicz-Talarczyk, Maria; Muzyczek, Malgorzata; Sedelnik, Natalia; Tanska, Bogumila

    2006-05-01

    The program COST Action 847 Textile Quality and Biotechnology (2000-2005) has given an excellent chance to review the possibilities of the research, aiming at development of the industrial application of enzymes for bast fibrous plant degumming and primary processing. The recent advancements in enzymatic processing of bast fibrous plants (flax, hemp, jute, ramie and alike plants) and related textiles are given. The performance of enzymes in degumming, modification of bast fibres, roving, yarn, related fabrics as well as enzymatic bonding of lignocellulosic composites is provided.

  19. Fibrous Protein Structures: Hierarchy, History and Heroes.

    PubMed

    Squire, John M; Parry, David A D

    2017-01-01

    During the 1930s and 1940s the technique of X-ray diffraction was applied widely by William Astbury and his colleagues to a number of naturally-occurring fibrous materials. On the basis of the diffraction patterns obtained, he observed that the structure of each of the fibres was dominated by one of a small number of different types of molecular conformation. One group of fibres, known as the k-m-e-f group of proteins (keratin - myosin - epidermin - fibrinogen), gave rise to diffraction characteristics that became known as the α-pattern. Others, such as those from a number of silks, gave rise to a different pattern - the β-pattern, while connective tissues yielded a third unique set of diffraction characteristics. At the time of Astbury's work, the structures of these materials were unknown, though the spacings of the main X-ray reflections gave an idea of the axial repeats and the lateral packing distances. In a breakthrough in the early 1950s, the basic structures of all of these fibrous proteins were determined. It was found that the long protein chains, composed of strings of amino acids, could be folded up in a systematic manner to generate a limited number of structures that were consistent with the X-ray data. The most important of these were known as the α-helix, the β-sheet, and the collagen triple helix. These studies provided information about the basic building blocks of all proteins, both fibrous and globular. They did not, however, provide detailed information about how these molecules packed together in three-dimensions to generate the fibres found in vivo. A number of possible packing arrangements were subsequently deduced from the X-ray diffraction and other data, but it is only in the last few years, through the continued improvements of electron microscopy, that the packing details within some fibrous proteins can now be seen directly. Here we outline briefly some of the milestones in fibrous protein structure determination, the role of the

  20. Utility of FISH in the diagnosis of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma: a series of 18 cases.

    PubMed

    Tanas, Munir R; Rubin, Brian P; Montgomery, Elizabeth A; Turner, Sondra L; Cook, James R; Tubbs, Raymond R; Billings, Steven D; Goldblum, John R

    2010-01-01

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma is a mesenchymal neoplasm of intermediate malignancy and uncertain histogenesis/line of differentiation, which occurs most commonly in the extremities of children to young adults. It has a characteristic appearance characterized by a proliferation of histiocytoid cells with a lymphoid cuff and fibrous pseudocapsule, simulating the appearance of a neoplasm occurring within a lymph node. However, these classic histological features are not always present. Given the variable appearance of the neoplastic cells and the lack of consistently positive immunohistochemical markers, diagnosis can be problematic. Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma has been found to harbor three related translocations, a t(12;16)(q13;p11) resulting in a FUS/ATF1 fusion gene, t(12;22)(q13;q12) resulting in a EWSR1/ATF1 fusion, and t(2;22)(q33;q12) resulting in a EWSR1/CREB1 fusion. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes to EWSR1 and FUS, in theory, should detect all three translocations/gene fusions. We evaluated 18 cases of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma for rearrangements of EWSR1 and FUS by FISH, the largest series to date. We found that 13 of 17 (76%) cases of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma harbored rearrangements of EWSR1; rearrangements of FUS were not detected in any of the cases. This study affirms that the rearrangement of EWSR1 is a common genetic event in angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma, and is thus useful diagnostically. This study supports the fact that the rearrangement of FUS is present in only a small minority of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytomas. Interestingly, 24% of the cases were translocation negative, and did not contain rearrangements of EWSR1 or FUS by FISH. Although it is possible that these cases contained cryptic rearrangements of EWSR1 or FUS that were not detectable by our FISH probes, it also raises the possibility that another translocation/gene fusion may be present in angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. Finally, we

  1. Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Perfusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Differentiating Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer From Postradiation Changes.

    PubMed

    Abdel Razek, Ahmed Abdel Khalek; Gaballa, Gada; Ashamalla, Germin; Alashry, Mohamed Saad; Nada, Nadia

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and diffusion-weighted MR imaging in differentiating recurrent head and neck cancer from postradiation changes. A prospective study was done on 41 patients with head and neck cancer after radiotherapy who underwent diffusion-weighted MR imaging, DSC perfusion-weighted MR imaging, and routine postcontrast MR imaging. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map and time signal intensity curve of the lesion were created. The ADC value, DSC percentage (DSC%), and contrast enhancement percentage of the lesion were calculated. The final diagnosis was done with biopsy. There was significant difference (P = 0.001) in ADC between recurrent cancer (0.94 ± 0.16 × 10mm/s) and postradiation changes (1.37 ± 0.12 × 10mm/s). There was significant difference (P = 0.001) in DSC% of recurrent cancer (30.9% ± 5.16%) and postradiation changes (12.1% ± 3.06%). Selection of ADC equal to or less than 1.07 × 10mm/s and DSC% greater than 16.6% to predict recurrence have areas under the curve of 0.822 and 0.900 and accuracy of 92.7% and 95.1%, respectively. Combination of ADC and DSC% has are under the curve of 0.992 and accuracy of 97.6%. Combined ADC and DSC% are noninvasive imaging parameters that can play a role in the differentiation of recurrent head and neck cancer from postradiation changes.

  2. Atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma: an unusual and misleading variant of fibrous histiocytoma.

    PubMed

    Ben Abdelkrim, Soumaya; Belajouza, Colondane; Jomaa, Wafa; Beizig, Nadia; Ben Said, Zeineb; Mokni, Moncef; Nouira, Rafia; Sriha, Badreddine

    2011-01-01

    Atypical fibrous histiocytoma is a distinctive variant of cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma, which is often mistaken histologically for sarcoma and which have a tendency to recur locally and a capacity to metastasize, although very rarely. We report a new case of atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma in a 31-year-old man who presented with a recurrent polypoid nodule on the abdominal wall. The diagnosis was made on the basis of morphological and immunohistochemical findings. We discuss through this case and a review of the literature pathological and evolutive features and diagnostic difficulties of this entity.

  3. Atypical Cutaneous Fibrous Histiocytoma: An Unusual and Misleading Variant of Fibrous Histiocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Ben Abdelkrim, Soumaya; Belajouza, Colondane; Jomaa, Wafa; Beizig, Nadia; Ben Said, Zeineb; Mokni, Moncef; Nouira, Rafia; Sriha, Badreddine

    2011-01-01

    Atypical fibrous histiocytoma is a distinctive variant of cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma, which is often mistaken histologically for sarcoma and which have a tendency to recur locally and a capacity to metastasize, although very rarely. We report a new case of atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma in a 31-year-old man who presented with a recurrent polypoid nodule on the abdominal wall. The diagnosis was made on the basis of morphological and immunohistochemical findings. We discuss through this case and a review of the literature pathological and evolutive features and diagnostic difficulties of this entity. PMID:22937387

  4. Malignant hyperthermia

    MedlinePlus

    ... counseling is recommended for anyone with a family history of myopathy, muscular dystrophy, or malignant ... et al, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 17th ed. [online version]. New York, NY: McGraw ...

  5. Steam Reformer With Fibrous Catalytic Combustor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voecks, Gerald E.

    1987-01-01

    Proposed steam-reforming reactor derives heat from internal combustion on fibrous catalyst. Supplies of fuel and air to combustor controlled to meet demand for heat for steam-reforming reaction. Enables use of less expensive reactor-tube material by limiting temperature to value safe for material yet not so low as to reduce reactor efficiency.

  6. Solitary fibrous tumour of the vagus nerve.

    PubMed

    Scholsem, Martin; Scholtes, Felix

    2012-04-01

    We describe the complete removal of a foramen magnum solitary fibrous tumour in a 36-year-old woman. It originated on a caudal vagus nerve rootlet, classically described as the 'cranial' accessory nerve root. This ninth case of immunohistologically confirmed cranial or spinal nerve SFT is the first of the vagus nerve.

  7. Research priorities for advanced fibrous composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baumann, K. J.; Swedlow, J. L.

    1981-01-01

    Priorities for research in advanced laminated fibrous composite materials are presented. Supporting evidence is presented in two bodies, including a general literature survey and a survey of aerospace composite hardware and service experience. Both surveys were undertaken during 1977-1979. Specific results and conclusions indicate that a significant portion of contemporary published research diverges from recommended priorites.

  8. Development of oxide fibrous monolith systems.

    SciTech Connect

    Goretta, K. C.

    1999-03-02

    Fibrous monolithic ceramics generally have a cellular structure that consists of a strong cell surrounded by a weaker boundary phase [1-5]. Fibrous monoliths (FMs) are produced from powders by conventional ceramic fabrication techniques, such as extrusion [1,2]. When properly engineered, they exhibit fail gracefully [3-5]. Several compositions of ceramics and cermets have been processed successfully in fibrous monolithic form [4]. The most thoroughly investigated fibrous monolith consists of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} cells and a BN cell-boundary phase [3-5]. Through appropriate selection of initial powders and extrusion and hot-pressing parameters, very tough final products have been produced. The resultant high toughness is due primarily to delamination during fracture along textured platelike BN grains. The primary objectives of our program are to develop: (1) Oxide-based FMs, including new systems with improved properties; (2) FMs that can be pressureless sintered rather than hot-pressed; (3) Techniques for continuous extrusion of FM filaments, including solid freeform fabrication (SFF) for net-shape fabrication of FMs; (4) Predictive micromechanical models for FM design and performance; and (5) Ties with industrial producers and users of FMs.

  9. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia: A 10-case series.

    PubMed

    Couturier, A; Aumaître, O; Gilain, L; Jean, B; Mom, T; André, M

    2017-09-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a rare sporadic benign congenital condition in which normal cancellous bone is replaced by fibro-osseous tissue with immature osteogenesis. Sarcomatous transformation is exceptional. Lesions may involve one bone (monostotic) or several (polyostotic). Fibrous dysplasia may be associated with café-au-lait skin macules and endocrinopathy in McCune-Albright syndrome, or with myxoma in Mazabraud's syndrome. We report ten cases of patients followed up for craniofacial fibrous dysplasia in our center between 2010 and 2015. Mean age was 43 years (range, 10-72 years). Clinical symptoms comprised headache (n=3) and sensorineural disorder: recurrent anterior uveitis (n=1), visual acuity loss, epiphora and vestibular syndrome (n=1), and hearing loss (n=1). All cases were monostotic. The sphenoid bone was most commonly involved (n=5), followed by the ethmoid (n=1), frontal (n=1), fronto-ethmoid (n=1), temporal (n=1) and fronto-ethmoido-sphenoid (n=1) bones. Five patients were treated with intravenous pamidronate, a bisphosphonate: evolution was favorable for 3 of them at 1-6 months after treatment initiation, with resolution of headache or vestibular syndrome; the other 2 patients were stable. Two patients were operated on. Diagnosis of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia should be considered in case of headache, neuralgia, sensory disorder, functional disorder or infectious ENT complications. A medico-surgical approach is useful for these patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Prophylactic intramedullary nailing in monostotic fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Demiralp, Bahtiyar; Ozturk, Cagatay; Ozturan, Kutay; Sanisoglu, Yavuz S; Cicek, Ilker E; Erler, Kaan

    2008-06-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is an enigma with no known cure. Treatment currently consists of curettage and bone-grafting in an attempt to eradicate the lesion and to prevent progressive deformity. This study presents the results of prophylactic intramedullary nailing in 10 patients with monostotic fibrous dysplasia, pain increasing with movement, and scintigraphically established activity. Ten patients with monostotic fibrous dysplasia in their upper or lower extremities treated between 2001 and 2003 were included in the study. Seven patients were male and 3 were female; their mean age was 26.9 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 33.5 months. Closed intramedullary nail without reaming was used in all cases. Bone grafting was not performed. Patients were allowed full weight bearing on the affected extremities on the second postoperative day. Mean VAS for functional pain was 5.33 +/- 0.65 preoperatively and 2.26 +/- 0.57 at final follow-up (p < 0.05). Radiographs showed no changes in lesion size, and the intramedullary fixation appeared to be stable. Prophylactic intramedullary nailing appeared to be beneficial in monostotic fibrous dysplasia with scintigraphically proven activity and functional pain. It also avoids problems that may occur following pathological fracture.

  11. Consolidation and densification methods for fibrous monolith processing

    SciTech Connect

    Sutaria, Manish P.; Rigali, Mark J.; Cipriani, Ronald A.; Artz, Gregory J.; Mulligan, Anthony C.

    2006-06-20

    Methods for consolidation and densification of fibrous monolith composite structures are provided. Consolidation and densification of two- and three-dimensional fibrous monolith components having complex geometries can be achieved by pressureless sintering. The fibrous monolith composites are formed from filaments having at least a first material composition generally surrounded by a second material composition. The composites are sintered at a pressure of no more than about 30 psi to provide consolidated and densified fibrous monolith composites.

  12. A rare case of giant multicystic solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Alam, Shahid; Backiavathy, Varsha; Mukherjee, Bipasha; Subramanian, Krishnakumar

    2017-08-17

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell tumor of the orbit of mesenchymal origin. Though these tumors are mostly solid, partial or complete cystic changes can rarely occur. Only six such previous cases of cystic fibrous tumor of the orbit have been mentioned in the literature. We report a case of an elderly male who presented with a huge left sided medial orbital mass. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a predominant cystic orbital mass separated by septae and suggested a diagnosis of Hydatid cyst. The patient underwent complete excision of the mass and histopathology and immunohistochemistry were suggestive of cystic SFT. Cystic degeneration in SFT is extremely rare and can be a harbinger of malignancy, and pose risk of recurrence. Close follow up and monitoring is required for all such cases.

  13. Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura. Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Crnjac, Anton; Veingerl, Bojan; Vidovic, Damjan; Kavalar, Rajko; Hojski, Aljaz

    2015-01-01

    Background Solitary fibrous tumours of the pleura (SFTP) are rare tumours. They are mostly benign. Only around 12% of them are malign ant. In the initial stage they are mostly asymptomatic and by growing they cause chest pain, irritating cough and dyspnoea on account of the pressure created on the surrounding structures. Rare giant tumours have compression symptoms on the mediastinal structures. The condition requires tiered diagnostic radiology. Preoperative biopsy is not successful in most cases. The therapy of choice is radical surgical tumour removal. Malignant or non-radically removed benign solitary fibrous tumours of the pleura additionally require neoadjuvant therapy. Case report A 68-year old patient was hospitalized for giant solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura in the right pleural cavity. With its expansive growth the tumour caused the shift of the mediastinum by compressing the lower vena cava, right cardiac auricle as well as the intermediate and lower lobe bronchus. Due to cardiac inflow obstruction and right lung collapse, the patient’s life was endangered with signs of cardio-respiratory failure. After preoperative diagnostic radiology, the tumour was surgically removed. Postoperatively, the patient’s condition improved. No disease recurrence was diagnosed after a year. Conclusions Giant solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura may cause serious and life-threatening conditions by causing compression of the pleural cavity with its expansive growth. Early diagnosis of the condition enables less aggressive as well as video-assisted thoracic surgery in patients with significantly better state of health. Large tumour surgeries in cardio-respiratory affected patients are highly risk-associated procedures. PMID:26834527

  14. [Changes of gene expression and its role in pathogenesis in fibrous and non-fibrous dysplastic bone tissues in women].

    PubMed

    Kiss, János; Balla, Bernadett; Kósa, P János; Borsy, Adrienn; Podani, János; Takács, István; Lazáry, Aron; Nagy, Zsolt; Bácsi, Krisztián; Szlávy, Eszter; Szendrôi, Miklós; Speer, Gábor; Orosz, László; Lakatos, Péter

    2010-10-03

    Fibrous dysplasia is an isolated skeletal disorder caused by a somatic activating mutation of GNAS1 gene with abnormal unmineralized matrix overproduction and extensive undifferentiated bone cell accumulation in fibro-osseous lesions. The aim of the investigation was to identify genes that are differently expressed in fibrous vs. non-fibrous human bone and to describe the relationships between these genes using multivariate data analysis. Six bone tissue samples from fibrous dysplastic female patients and 7 bone tissue samples from non-fibrous dysplastic women were examined. The 6 female fibrous samples were taken from the fibrous dysplastic lesion itself while the control samples of 7 non-fibrous dysplastic females were taken from the femoral neck during the hip replacement procedure. The expression differences of selected 118 genes were analyzed in TaqMan probe based quantitative real-time RT-PCR system. The Mann-Whitney U test indicated significant differences in the expression of 27 genes of fibrous dysplasial and non fibrous dysplasial individuals (p≤0.05). Nine genes were significantly up-regulated in fibrous dysplasial women compared to non fibrous dysplasial ones and eighteen genes showed a down-regulated pattern. These significantly altered genes coding for minor collagen molecules, extracellular matrix digesting enzymes, transcription factors, adhesion molecules, growth factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipid metabolism-affected substrates. Canonical variety analysis demonstrated that fibrous dysplastic and non fibrous dysplastic bone tissues can be distinguished by the multiple expression profile analysis of numerous genes controlled via a G-protein coupled pathway and BMP cascade as well as genes coding for extracellular matrix composing molecules. The significantly altered gene expression profile observed in the fibrous dysplastic human bone tissue may provide further insight into the pathogenetic process of fibrous degeneration of bone.

  15. Malignant mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Moore, Alastair J; Parker, Robert J; Wiggins, John

    2008-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma is a fatal asbestos-associated malignancy originating from the lining cells (mesothelium) of the pleural and peritoneal cavities, as well as the pericardium and the tunica vaginalis. The exact prevalence is unknown but it is estimated that mesotheliomas represent less than 1% of all cancers. Its incidence is increasing, with an expected peak in the next 10–20 years. Pleural malignant mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma. Typical presenting features are those of chest pain and dyspnoea. Breathlessness due to a pleural effusion without chest pain is reported in about 30% of patients. A chest wall mass, weight loss, sweating, abdominal pain and ascites (due to peritoneal involvement) are less common presentations. Mesothelioma is directly attributable to occupational asbestos exposure with a history of exposure in over 90% of cases. There is also evidence that mesothelioma may result from both para-occupational exposure and non-occupational "environmental" exposure. Idiopathic or spontaneous mesothelioma can also occur in the absence of any exposure to asbestos, with a spontaneous rate in humans of around one per million. A combination of accurate exposure history, along with examination radiology and pathology are essential to make the diagnosis. Distinguishing malignant from benign pleural disease can be challenging. The most helpful CT findings suggesting malignant pleural disease are 1) a circumferential pleural rind, 2) nodular pleural thickening, 3) pleural thickening of > 1 cm and 4) mediastinal pleural involvement. Involvement of a multidisciplinary team is recommended to ensure prompt and appropriate management, using a framework of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery and symptom palliation with end of life care. Compensation issues must also be considered. Life expectancy in malignant mesothelioma is poor, with a median survival of about one year following diagnosis. PMID:19099560

  16. Effect of neutron irradiation and postradiation annealing on the microstructure and properties of an Al-Mg-Si alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksimkin, O. P.; Tsai, K. V.; Rofman, O. V.; Sil'nyagina, N. S.

    2016-09-01

    The effect of long-term neutron irradiation and postradiation thermal-induced aging on the microstructure and mechanical properties of an aluminum-based reactor Al-Mg-Si alloy grade SAV-1 has been studied. The material under study is the shell of an automatic fine-control rod used to control the reactivity of the core of a VVR-K research reactor. Successive 1-h annealings of specimens of the SAV-1 alloy irradiated to doses of 0.001 and 5 dpa in the temperature range of 100-550°C have been carried out. The evolution of the fine structure of the material and changes in its mechanical characteristics have been studied. The phenomenon of the acceleration of the aging of the SAV-1 alloy under the effect of a high neutron fluence at an irradiation temperature of 80°C has been observed, which involves the formation of numerous lineage (stitch) Guinier-Preston zones in the alloy. It has been shown that the strength characteristics of the SAV-1 alloy depend significantly on the degree of its radiation- and thermal-induced aging.

  17. Bone-Grafting in Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Leet, Arabella I.; Boyce, Alison M.; Ibrahim, Khalda A.; Wientroub, Shlomo; Kushner, Harvey; Collins, Michael T.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal disease that results from somatic activating mutations in the gene GNAS in skeletal stem cells, leading to proliferation of immature osteogenic cells with replacement of normal marrow and bone with fibro-osseous tissue. Lesions may cause bone deformity or fracture. In the surgical care of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, the role of grafting and the optimal grafting material are not clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival of bone-grafting procedures in subjects with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia over time. Methods: The operative reports and radiographs of a cohort of subjects with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia followed in a natural history study were reviewed. Twenty-three subjects (mean age at the time of enrollment, thirteen years [range, two to forty years]) with fifty-two bone-grafting procedures had a mean follow-up time of 19.6 years (range, twenty-nine months to forty-seven years). Kaplan-Meier life table estimates, Cox proportional hazard models, and t tests comparing means were performed to assess various aspects of graft survival. Results: Kaplan-Meier curves showed a 50% estimate of survival of 14.5 years. Cox proportional hazards models showed no advantage comparing allograft with autograft or structural with nonstructural graft materials. The mean age of the patients was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in the subgroup of subjects in whom grafts were maintained over time (20.9 years) compared with the subgroup of patients whose grafts were resorbed over time (9.8 years). Conclusions: Bone-grafting, including both allograft and autograft, is of limited value in ablating the lesions of fibrous dysplasia. The expectations of patients and surgeons should include the high probability of graft resorption over time with return of bone characteristics of fibrous dysplasia, particularly in younger patients. This suggests the maintenance of normal bone mechanics with implant

  18. Hematologic malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Hoogstraten, B.

    1986-01-01

    The principle aim of this book is to give practical guidelines to the modern treatment of the six important hematologic malignancies. Topics considered include the treatment of the chronic leukemias; acute leukemia in adults; the myeloproliferative disorders: polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis/agnogenic myeloid metaplasia; Hodgkin's Disease; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and Multiple Myeloma.

  19. Protease-degradable electrospun fibrous hydrogels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wade, Ryan J.; Bassin, Ethan J.; Rodell, Christopher B.; Burdick, Jason A.

    2015-03-01

    Electrospun nanofibres are promising in biomedical applications to replicate features of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, nearly all electrospun scaffolds are either non-degradable or degrade hydrolytically, whereas natural ECM degrades proteolytically, often through matrix metalloproteinases. Here we synthesize reactive macromers that contain protease-cleavable and fluorescent peptides and are able to form both isotropic hydrogels and electrospun fibrous hydrogels through a photoinitiated polymerization. These biomimetic scaffolds are susceptible to protease-mediated cleavage in vitro in a protease dose-dependent manner and in vivo in a subcutaneous mouse model using transdermal fluorescent imaging to monitor degradation. Importantly, materials containing an alternate and non-protease-cleavable peptide sequence are stable in both in vitro and in vivo settings. To illustrate the specificity in degradation, scaffolds with mixed fibre populations support selective fibre degradation based on individual fibre degradability. Overall, this represents a novel biomimetic approach to generate protease-sensitive fibrous scaffolds for biomedical applications.

  20. Micromechanical model for fibrous ceramic bodies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, D. J.; Lange, F. F.

    1982-01-01

    A micromechanical model is presented to relate the mechanical properties of low-density fibrous ceramic bodies to their microstructures and the properties of the fibers. It is found that properties such as the elastic moduli, fracture toughness, and strength depend on the fiber spacing. In particular, it is shown that the critical stress intensity (Kc) depends on the density of the body with respect to the fiber density, the degree of preferred orientation, the fiber strength, and the fiber radius, suggesting ways of increasing K(c). Furthermore, it is predicted that K(c) will be related to the sonic velocity in the material, reflecting variations in the degree of preferred orientation. The model is found to be consistent with the experimental observations on a silica-based fibrous ceramic, which is being used in the thermal protection system of the Space Shuttle.

  1. Dedifferentiated adamantinoma associated with fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Nouri, H; Jaafoura, H; Bouaziz, M; Ouertatani, M; Abid, L; Meherzi, M H; Ladeb, M F; Mestiri, M

    2011-11-01

    A 21-year-old patient presented with an aggressive lesion of the left tibia associated to lymph nodes and lung metastasis. Histological examination revealed a high grade spindle cell sarcoma involving some areas of cytokeratine positive cells. Ultrastructural examination showed the presence of epithelial features in the sarcomatoid cells. The diagnosis of dedifferentiated spindle-celled adamantinoma was established. A second lesion of the right tibia was diagnosed as fibrous dysplasia. The patient had a leg amputation. He died 2 years later with multiple lung and bone metastases. The diagnosis of dedifferentiated adamantinoma should be considered when a clinician is confronted with a tibial biopsy of a "keratin-positive sarcoma". The association with fibrous dysplasia in this case is discussed.

  2. First description of Phanerozoic radiaxial fibrous dolomite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richter, D. K.; Heinrich, F.; Geske, A.; Neuser, R. D.; Gies, H.; Immenhauser, A.

    2014-05-01

    The petrographic analysis and crystallographic analysis of concretionary carbonate cements ("coal balls") from Carboniferous paralic swamp deposits reveal the presence of (length fast) radiaxial fibrous dolomite (RFD), a fabric not previously reported from the Phanerozoic. This finding is of significance as earlier reports of Phanerozoic radiaxial fibrous carbonates are exclusively of calcite mineralogy. Dolomite concretions described here formed beneath marine transgressive intervals within palustrine coal seams. This is of significance as seawater was arguably the main source of Mg2 + ions for dolomite formation. Here, data from optical microscopy, cathodoluminescence, electron backscattered diffraction, X-ray diffraction and geochemical analyses are presented to characterize three paragenetic dolomite phases and one calcite phase in these concretions. The main focus is on the earliest diagenetic, non-stoichiometric (degree of order: 0.41-0.46) phase I, characterized by botryoidal dolomite constructed of fibres up to 110 μm wide with a systematic undulatory extinction and converging crystal axes. Petrographic and crystallographic evidence clearly qualifies phase I dolomite as radiaxial fibrous. Conversely, fascicular optical fabrics were not found. Carbon-isotope ratios (δ13C) are depleted (between - 11.8 and - 22.1‰) as expected for carbonate precipitation from marine pore-fluids in organic-matter-rich, paralic sediment. Oxygen isotope (δ18O) ratios range between - 1.3 and - 6.0‰. The earliest diagenetic nature of these cements is documented by the presence of ubiquitous, non-compacted fossil plant remains encased in phase I dolomite as well as by the complex zoned luminescence patterns in the crystals and is supported by crystallographic and thermodynamic considerations. It is argued that organic matter, and specifically carboxyl groups, reduced thermodynamic barriers for dolomite formation and facilitated Mg/CaCO3 precipitation. The data shown here

  3. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia with Raynaud's phenomenon

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, K. V. S. Hari; Aravinda, K.; Narayanan, K.

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone disorder characterized by alteration in bone morphology. Monostotic FD is the commonest variant and affects the craniofacial bones. Raynaud's phenomenon is recurrent vasospasm of the fingers and toes due to cold exposure. The disease is usually idiopathic or secondary to connective tissue disorders. Raynaud's phenomenon is not described previously with FD. We recently encountered two interesting patients of craniofacial monostotic FD with Raynaud's phenomenon and report the same in this report. PMID:26283854

  4. Toughened uni-piece fibrous insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leiser, Daniel B (Inventor); Smith, Marnell (Inventor); Churchward, Rex A. (Inventor); Katvala, Victor W. (Inventor)

    1992-01-01

    A porous body of fibrous, low density silica-based insulation material is at least in part impregnated with a reactive boron oxide containing borosilicate glass frit, a silicon tetraboride fluxing agent and a molybdenum silicide emittance agent. The glass frit, fluxing agent and emittance agent are separately milled to reduce their particle size, then mixed together to produce a slurry in ethanol. The slurry is then applied to the insulation material and sintered to produce the porous body.

  5. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia with Raynaud's phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Kumar, K V S Hari; Aravinda, K; Narayanan, K

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone disorder characterized by alteration in bone morphology. Monostotic FD is the commonest variant and affects the craniofacial bones. Raynaud's phenomenon is recurrent vasospasm of the fingers and toes due to cold exposure. The disease is usually idiopathic or secondary to connective tissue disorders. Raynaud's phenomenon is not described previously with FD. We recently encountered two interesting patients of craniofacial monostotic FD with Raynaud's phenomenon and report the same in this report.

  6. An Unusual Location of Fibrous Hamartoma of Infancy in the Eyelid.

    PubMed

    Zloto, Ofira; Aviel-Ronen, Sarit; Rosner, Mordechai

    2017-01-01

    To describe the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) in the eyelid, a rare differential diagnosis for eyelid lesions. We describe the case of a 7-month-old patient with a FHI in the eyelid that was diagnosed after surgical removal. The unique histopathological appearance of the triphasic histologic components provided the diagnosis. FHI is included in the long list of differential diagnosis for eyelid lesions in infancy. Therefore, it is important for the ophthalmologists to be familiar with this entity in order to avoid misdiagnosis of other fibromatosis and malignant tumor as well as unnecessary aggressive treatment.

  7. An Unusual Location of Fibrous Hamartoma of Infancy in the Eyelid

    PubMed Central

    Zloto, Ofira; Aviel-Ronen, Sarit; Rosner, Mordechai

    2017-01-01

    Aim To describe the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) in the eyelid, a rare differential diagnosis for eyelid lesions. Methods We describe the case of a 7-month-old patient with a FHI in the eyelid that was diagnosed after surgical removal. The unique histopathological appearance of the triphasic histologic components provided the diagnosis. Conclusions FHI is included in the long list of differential diagnosis for eyelid lesions in infancy. Therefore, it is important for the ophthalmologists to be familiar with this entity in order to avoid misdiagnosis of other fibromatosis and malignant tumor as well as unnecessary aggressive treatment.

  8. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the lumbar spine.

    PubMed

    Avimadje, A M; Goupille, P; Zerkak, D; Begnard, G; Brunais-Besse, J; Valat, J P

    2000-01-01

    Monostotic fibrous dysplasia is exceedingly rare. We report a case in a 61-year-old woman with a history of recurrent low back pain and sciatica since 35 years of age. While walking, she suddenly experienced pain in her right thigh. The pain spread gradually to the buttock and calf on the same side, becoming increasingly severe. The time pattern was mechanical, with exacerbation during straining. Paresthesia developed over the dorsal aspect of the right foot. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs were ineffective. Radiographs of the spine showed an expansile and heterogeneous lesion in the body of L2. Hyperactivity of L3 and L4 was seen on the bone scan. Computed tomography demonstrated heterogeneity of L2, L3, and L4, as well as hypertrophy of the neural arch of L3 and of the right posterior lamina and spinous process of L4. Alterations in L2, L3, and L4 were noted on the magnetic resonance imaging study, which showed no evidence of epidural involvement. Laboratory tests were normal. A surgical biopsy of L3 established the diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. Since the seminal description of fibrous dysplasia in 1891, only 21 cases of monostotic spinal involvement have been published. The spinal lesions can remain clinically silent or cause spinal pain with or without neurological symptoms. Radiographic findings are variable (heterogeneity, osteolysis, expansion without cortical violation or soft tissue involvement). Calcium and phosphate levels are normal. The diagnosis depends on examination of a vertebral biopsy specimen.

  9. Fibrous zinc anodes for high power batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X. Gregory

    This paper introduces newly developed solid zinc anodes using fibrous material for high power applications in alkaline and large size zinc-air battery systems. The improved performance of the anodes in these two battery systems is demonstrated. The possibilities for control of electrode porosity and for anode/battery design using fibrous materials are discussed in light of experimental data. Because of its mechanical integrity and connectivity, the fibrous solid anode has good electrical conductivity, mechanical stability, and design flexibility for controlling mass distribution, porosity and effective surface area. Experimental data indicated that alkaline cells made of such anodes can have a larger capacity at high discharging currents than commercially available cells. It showed even greater improvement over commercial cells with a non-conventional cell design. Large capacity anodes for a zinc-air battery have also been made and have shown excellent material utilization at various discharge rates. The zinc-air battery was used to power an electric bicycle and demonstrated good results.

  10. Microbial nature of fibrous kerite of Volyn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorlenko, Vladimir M.; Zhmur, Stanislav I.; Duda, Vitalii I.; Osipov, George A.; Suzina, Natalia; Dmitriev, Vladimir V.

    1999-12-01

    For the last few years there have been a lot of publications in geological literature on the problem of formation of morphologically unique fine fibrous kerites, found in one of the objects of kamera pegmatites of Volyn (1800 - 1750 mln. years). According to the opinion of all researchers who deal with them, they are an excellent example of a biogenic, highly constructive carbon substance. The meeting of objectives set was carried out by means of the study of ultra-thin section and replicas of kerite cryofractures under high resolution electronic microscope. The similarity of fine structured fibrous kerite of Volyn (KV) to prokaryotic microorganisms is proved by availability in KV of clearly exposed cellular ultrastructures: multilayered cell wall, cross septa and cytoplasmatic membrane and `intracytoplasmic' inclusions. Fatty acids obtained from kerites contain a number of components typical of prokaryotic microbial community. Suggestions were made on the formation of fibrous Volyn's kerites as a result of mummification of the cyanobacterial mat components from freshwater thermal spring of moderate temperature. Thus, the detailed fine structure of microfossils and their fatty acid composition can be used to support evidence of biogenic origin of the bacteriomorphic elements in paleo- and space objects.

  11. Calcifying fibrous tumor of the spine.

    PubMed

    Nathoo, Narendra; Viloria, Adolfo; Iwenofu, O Hans; Mendel, Ehud

    2012-01-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare, benign soft-tissue tumor of unknown etiology, characterized by hyalinized collagenous fibrous tissue with psammomatous or dystrophic calcification and focal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate known to involve different organ systems. Involvement of the spine and the presence of metaplastic ossification previously have not been reported. We report a 44-year-old female with progressive nontraumatic flank pain. Imaging revealed a left-sided retroperitoneal calcified mass attached to L5 body with no evidence of extension into the neural foramina, nearby vascular structures, or psoas muscle. The patient had an en bloc resection of the tumor via the transabdominal approach. A pathologic diagnosis of calcifying fibrosis with metaplastic ossification of the spine was reported. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and there is no recurrence after 18 months of follow-up. Calcifying fibrous tumor, a rare benign soft tissue tumor must be considered in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal calcified mass closely associated with the spinal column. Spine surgeons should be aware of this rare pathologic disease entity and although its natural history is not clear, marginal excision is usually adequate. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Fibrous dysplasia arising from the calcaneus.

    PubMed

    Isefuku, S; Hatori, M; Ehara, S; Hosaka, M; Ito, K; Kokubun, S

    1999-11-01

    A case of an 18-year-old woman with fibrous dysplasia arising in the calcaneus, which is extremely rare, is reported, with the emphasis placed on differential diagnosis from low-grade central osteosarcoma. She had a severe pain in her left ankle after sprain. Plain radiographs showed a radiolucent lesion measuring 6.3 x 2.5 cm with a sclerotic margin in the left calcaneus. CT scans showed a well-defined lytic lesion with disruption of the lateral cortex and an ossification or calcification in its center. On MR imaging, the lesion had isointensities and high intensities on T1 and T2 weighted images, respectively, but its central portions showed lower intensities both on T1 and T2 weighted images. The lesion was enhanced with gadolinium except for the central portions. The specimen obtained by open biopsy consisted of fibrous tissue and foci of irregular woven bone. None of the nuclear atypia, mitoses, longitudinal stream of bone or invasive nature of growth was detected. The diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia was histologically made. The lesion was curetted and packed with autogenous bone chips. No evidence of recurrence was noted postoperatively.

  13. Phenotypic characterisation of peripheral blood lymphoid cells in people exposed to fibrous zeolite.

    PubMed Central

    Ozesmi, M; Karlsson-Parra, A; Hillerdal, G; Forsum, U

    1986-01-01

    Among inhabitants of the village of Karain in Turkey there is an extremely high incidence of malignant mesothelioma, most probably due to exposure to erionite, which is a fibrous zeolite and similar in appearance and properties to asbestos. This mineral may be found in the dust in the village. To characterise possible disturbances in the immune system of people exposed to fibrous zeolite, a phenotypic characterisation of lymphoid cells in the peripheral blood of 74 immigrants to Sweden from Karain was performed. Compared with normal controls, the mean percentages of Leu 4+ cells (Pan-T) and Leu 3a+ cells ("helper/inducer" T cells) were significantly decreased, whereas the mean percentage of Leu 2a+ cells ("suppressor/cytotoxic" T cells) was normal, leading to a significant reduction of the Leu 3a/Leu 2a subset ratio. The percentage of B cells (Leu 12+ cells) was significantly increased, whereas the percentages of both HLA-DR+ and HLA-DQ+ cells were normal. The percentage of natural killer cells (NK) and killer (K) cells as defined by the monoclonal anti-Leu 7 and anti-Leu 11b were also normal. These findings indicate that exposure to fibrous zeolite causes a numerical imbalance between the two phenotypically different T cell subsets similar to that seen in asbestos exposed individuals. PMID:3026434

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of the mammary gland: a potential pitfall in breast pathology.

    PubMed

    Falconieri, Giovanni; Lamovec, Janez; Mirra, Maurizio; Pizzolitto, Stefano

    2004-06-01

    We report three cases of solitary fibrous tumor of the breast. The patients were adult to elderly women and complained of a slowly but relentless growing lump. The tumors were fairly circumscribed and cured by means of lumpectomy or, in one case, simple mastectomy. Histologically, they featured the customary "patternless pattern" of short spindle cells haphazardly arranged in fascicles within a collagenized or myxoid ground substance. In two cases, a prominent hemangiopericytic arrangement of tumor cells around a rich vascular framework could be noticed. Cellular areas were often present and showed nuclear overlapping, clumping of chromatin, and a brisk mitotic activity. No atypical mitosis was recognized. Tumor cells were immunoreactive for CD34, bcl2, and vimentin only. On follow-up there was no evidence of either local recurrence or distant metastases. Solitary fibrous tumors of the breast may represent a significant diagnostic problem because of the close mimicry to numerous benign and malignant mammary lesions composed of spindle cells; diagnostic clues may be further obscured in cellular and actively proliferating tumors. A brief overview of mammary solitary fibrous tumor taxonomy along with the principal differential diagnoses within the breast is presented.

  15. Postradiation changes in tissues: evaluation by imaging studies with emphasis on fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/computed tomography and correlation with histopathologic findings.

    PubMed

    Domachevsky, Liran; Jacene, Heather A; Sakellis, Christopher G; Kim, Chun K

    2014-04-01

    Efforts have been made to minimize the damage to adjacent normal tissues during radiotherapy, primarily by shifting from the use of conventional radiotherapy to more advanced techniques. Reviewing the overall pattern on combined anatomic and functional imaging can enhance diagnostic accuracy. Several radiotracers can be used; [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose is the most common. Familiarity with the type and timing of previous radiation therapy, the spectrum of imaging findings after radiation injury, and the appropriate use of the different radiotracers can be crucial. This article summarizes postradiation histologic findings and multimodality imaging findings, with emphasis on PET/computed tomography.

  16. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lower Leg: A Rare and Difficult Diagnosis.

    PubMed

    D'Arpa, Salvatore; Rossi, Matteo; Montesano, Luigi; Florena, Ada Maria; Moschella, Francesco; Cordova, Adriana

    2015-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that commonly originates in the pleura. Extrapleural locations are rare and for this reason sometimes difficult to diagnose. Malignant forms with local recurrence or distant metastases have been reported, also as a consequence of inappropriate treatment. In this article, we report the case of an SFT of the lower leg in a 37-year-old man. Leg SFT is a rare occurrence, and differential diagnosis may be difficult because they can mimic a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors; immunohistochemical analysis for CD34, CD99, vimentin, and Bcl-2 is necessary. Misdiagnosis carries a significant risk of inadequate removal with subsequent increased risk of recurrence and distant metastases.

  17. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lower Leg: A Rare and Difficult Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Rossi, Matteo; Montesano, Luigi; Florena, Ada Maria; Moschella, Francesco; Cordova, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    Summary: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that commonly originates in the pleura. Extrapleural locations are rare and for this reason sometimes difficult to diagnose. Malignant forms with local recurrence or distant metastases have been reported, also as a consequence of inappropriate treatment. In this article, we report the case of an SFT of the lower leg in a 37-year-old man. Leg SFT is a rare occurrence, and differential diagnosis may be difficult because they can mimic a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors; immunohistochemical analysis for CD34, CD99, vimentin, and Bcl-2 is necessary. Misdiagnosis carries a significant risk of inadequate removal with subsequent increased risk of recurrence and distant metastases. PMID:26579334

  18. [Diagnosis and treatment of orbit solitary fibrous tumor: a report of 4 cases].

    PubMed

    Zhao, L; Wang, F; Wang, J M; Ma, L; Zhou, A Y; Ren, B C; Xiong, Q C; Hou, G Q

    2016-04-11

    To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of orbital solitary fibrous tumor. Clinical data of 4 cases with orbital solitary fibrous tumor from January 2001 to June 2014 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University was retrospectively analyzed and the image, pathologic and immunohistochemical findings were reviewed. In the 4 cases, 3 were males and 1 was female, aged from 48 to 67 years. The main symptoms were unilateral progressive proptosis, orbital tumor and decreased vision. Two cases involved the left orbit and 2 in right. The locations of the tumor were in the lateral (2 cases) or inferior orbit (2 cases). Encapsulated smooth round shadow was shown in imaging examination and a homogeneous enhancement strengthening was seen by CT scanning. All cases underwent surgical resection and the removed tumors, appeared as round or irregular oval with fibrous capsule, were 1.5-5.0 cm in size. Three cases were pathological benign and 1 was malignant. Microscopically, the tumors were composed of a large number of spindle tumor cells and varying amounts of interstitial collagen deposition and angiogenesis. There was no atypia in benign tumor, while there was atypia in malignant tumor. Moreover, the tumor was invasive, capsuleless and shown hyperplasia area by light microscope in the case with malignant disease. CD34 and Vimentin were positive in 4 cases and Bcl-2 positive in 2 cases by immunohistochemistry staining. One patient with malignant pathology showed strong positive staining of Ki-67 (>70%) and died of tumor recurrence 10 months after he received the second operation. No metastasis or recurrence occurred by a follow-up of 2 months to 5 years in other 3 cases. Orbital SFT is characteristic of unilateral progressive proptosis in symptom. Imaging examination is an important diagnostic tool and a complete surgical resection of the tumor is the primary treatment method. Diagnosis depends on pathological and immunohistochemical staining

  19. Fibrous composites comprising carbon nanotubes and silica

    DOEpatents

    Peng, Huisheng; Zhu, Yuntian Theodore; Peterson, Dean E.; Jia, Quanxi

    2011-10-11

    Fibrous composite comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes; and a silica-containing moiety having one of the structures: (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NR.sub.1R.sub.2) or (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NCO; where n is from 1 to 6, and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently H, CH.sub.3, or C.sub.2H.sub.5.

  20. Fibrous dysplasia. Clinical review and therapeutic management.

    PubMed

    Florez, Helena; Peris, Pilar; Guañabens, Núria

    2016-12-16

    Fibrous dysplasia is a skeletal disorder that is associated with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including localized asymptomatic forms and extensive severe forms with severe bone deformities and endocrinological alterations, depending on age, location, extent and associated processes. Although the treatment of choice is based on bisphosphonates, the therapeutic efficacy of these agents in the control of disease activity remains uncertain. This article reviews the current data available on the treatment of this disease as well as the preliminary data on new therapeutic approaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Cantin, R Y; Poole, A; Ryan, J F

    1986-10-01

    The increasing use of intravenous and inhalation sedation in the dental office has the potential of increasing the incidence of malignant hyperthermia (MH) in susceptible subjects. The object of this article is to present two cases of MH and to discuss its pathophysiology, its clinical picture, and its management in the light of the current literature. Stringent screening procedures should be adopted and maintained in order to channel suspected cases to appropriate centers for expert consultation and management. It is further advocated that a program of education for patients and their families be instituted, as it is an essential prerequisite of effective prophylaxis.

  2. Consolidation and densification methods for fibrous monolith processing

    SciTech Connect

    Sutaria, Manish P.; Rigali, Mark J.; Cipriani, Ronald A.; Artz, Gregory J.; Mulligan, Anthony C.

    2004-05-25

    Methods for consolidation and densification of fibrous monolith composite structures are provided. Consolidation and densification of two- and three-dimensional fibrous monolith components having complex geometries can be achieved by pressureless sintering. The fibrous monolith composites are formed from filaments having at least a first material composition generally surrounded by a second material composition. The composites are sintered in an inert gas or nitrogen gas at a pressure of no more than about 30 psi to provide consolidated and densified fibrous monolith composites.

  3. Malignant hyperthermia

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an uncommon, life-threatening pharmacogenetic disorder of the skeletal muscle. It presents as a hypermetabolic response in susceptible individuals to potent volatile anesthetics with/without depolarizing muscle relaxants; in rare cases, to stress from exertion or heat stress. Susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MHS) is inherited as an autosomally dominant trait with variable expression and incomplete penetrance. It is known that the pathophysiology of MH is related to an uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes resulting in hypermetabolism of the skeletal muscle. In most cases, defects in the ryanodine receptor are responsible for the functional changes of calcium regulation in MH, and more than 300 mutations have been identified in the RYR1 gene, located on chromosome 19q13.1. The classic signs of MH include increase of end-tidal carbon dioxide, tachycardia, skeletal muscle rigidity, tachycardia, hyperthermia and acidosis. Up to now, muscle contracture test is regarded as the gold standard for the diagnosis of MHS though molecular genetic test is used, on a limited basis so far to diagnose MHS. The mortality of MH is dramatically decreased from 70-80% to less than 5%, due to an introduction of dantrolene sodium for treatment of MH, early detection of MH episode using capnography, and the introduction of diagnostic testing for MHS. This review summarizes the clinically essential and important knowledge of MH, and presents new developments in the field. PMID:23198031

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor surrounding the carotid sheath.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Oliveira, Guillermo; Alvarez-Flores, Modesto; Arribas-García, Ignacio; Martínez-Gimeno, Carlos

    2010-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare spindle cell neoplasms that are mostly found arising from the pleura. Although SFTs recently have been reported in other regions, they are rare in the head and neck and have often been misdiagnosed due to their rarity. SFTs are benign in most cases. Clinically, SFTs usually manifest as well-circumscribed, slow-growing, smooth and painless masses. Symptoms are often minimal, although they may include sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, change of voice or trismus. CT-Scan and MRI are the most sensitive imaging procedures used. The treatment of choice is complete surgical excision of the lesion. Because recurrences have been noted up to 30 years after surgery, long-term follow up is mandatory. In this article, we present a case of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor arising in the parapharyngeal space in a 20-year-old man, involving the carotid sheath, treated by surgical excision with no recurrence after 1 year. The clinical presentation, surgical management and pathological findings are described.

  5. Self-Organization of Bioinspired Fibrous Surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Sung Hoon

    Nature uses fibrous surfaces for a wide range of functions such as sensing, adhesion, structural color, and self-cleaning. However, little is known about how fiber properties enable them to self-organize into diverse and complex functional forms. Using polymeric micro/nanofiber arrays with tunable properties as model systems, we demonstrate how the combination of mechanical and surface properties can be harnessed to transform an array of anchored nanofibers into a variety of complex, hierarchically organized dynamic functional surfaces. We show that the delicate balance between fiber elasticity and surface adhesion plays a critical role in determining the shape, chirality, and hierarchy of the assembled structures. We further report a strategy for controlling the long-range order of fiber assemblies by manipulating the shape and movement of the liquid-vapor interface. Our study provides fundamental understanding of the pattern formation by self-organization of bioinspired fibrous surfaces. Moreover, our new strategies offer a foundation for designing a vast assortment of functional surfaces with adhesive, optical, water-repellent, capture and release, and many more capabilities with the structural and dynamic sophistication of their biological counterparts.

  6. Thermal conductivity of fibrous insulating materials

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, J.R.

    1997-03-01

    Fibrous insulation materials have gained increasing popularity in a broad range of applications because their low thermal conductivity and low mass lead to energy savings. Accurate measurement and reporting of thermal conductivity is an important factor in designing insulation systems that balance process requirements with cost. This work is based on experience with refractory ceramic fiber (RCF), but the general principles apply to all synthetic vitreous fiber (also known as man-made vitreous fiber, MMVF) products, including glass and mineral wool. Several test methods have been devised for measuring thermal conductivity. The four methods that have been adopted by ASTM standard methods are: guarded hot plate (ASTM C 17.7); calorimeter (ASTM C 201); heat-flow meter (ASTM C 518); hot wire (ASTM C 1113). With the exception of the hot-wire method, each method works by establishing a steady-state heat flux across a specimen of known geometry. Thermal conductivity is derived from the measured heat flux through fundamental principles of heat flow. The industrial and scientific community generally accepts the guarded-hot-plate method as the most reproducible and best-suited method for use with fibrous insulating materials.

  7. Diagnostic usefulness of p16/CDKN2A FISH in distinguishing between sarcomatoid mesothelioma and fibrous pleuritis.

    PubMed

    Wu, Di; Hiroshima, Kenzo; Matsumoto, Shinji; Nabeshima, Kazuki; Yusa, Toshikazu; Ozaki, Daisuke; Fujino, Michio; Yamakawa, Hisami; Nakatani, Yukio; Tada, Yuji; Shimada, Hideaki; Tagawa, Masatoshi

    2013-01-01

    The distinction between sarcomatoid mesothelioma and fibrous pleuritis is difficult based on histology, especially when the amount of tumor tissue examined via biopsy is small and immunohistochemical examination is inconclusive. We studied the usefulness of deletion of p16 with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and p16 hypermethylation with polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis and prognosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). We analyzed 50 MPMs, including 22 sarcomatoid mesothelioma cases and 10 fibrous pleuritis cases. We set the cutoff value of homozygous deletion pattern as 14.4% based on FISH signaling patterns using samples of fibrous pleuritis. The percentage of homozygous deletion pattern was higher than 14.4% in 55.6% of the epithelioid mesotheliomas (10/18) and in all of the sarcomatoid mesotheliomas (22/22). Methylation of p16 was observed in 7 (20.6%) of 34 informative cases. p16 FISH analysis can be a reliable test for distinguishing between sarcomatoid mesothelioma and fibrous pleuritis and a prognostic factor for MPM.

  8. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Bandschapp, Oliver; Girard, Thierry

    2012-07-31

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a subclinical myopathy, usually triggered by volatile anaesthetics and depolarising muscle relaxants. Clinical symptoms are variable, and the condition is sometimes difficult to identify. Nevertheless, rapid recognition and specific as well as symptomatic treatment are crucial to avoid a lethal outcome. Molecular genetic investigations have confirmed the skeletal muscle type ryanodine receptor to be the major MH locus with more than 70% of MH families carrying a mutation in this gene. There is no screening method to test for MH, as current tests are invasive (open muscle biopsy) or restricted to MH families with known MH-associated mutations (molecular genetic testing). The prevalence of the MH trait is unknown, because the clinical penetrance after contact with triggering agents is very variable. More recently, MH mutations have been associated with rhabdomyolysis following statin therapy or with non-pharmacological triggering, such as exertional heat stroke.

  9. Fibrous monoliths: Economic ceramic matrix composites from powders [Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Rigali, Mark; Sutaria, Manish; Mulligan, Anthony; Creegan, Peter; Cipriani, Ron

    1999-05-26

    The project was to develop and perform pilot-scale production of fibrous monolith composites. The principal focus of the program was to develop damage-tolerant, wear-resistant tooling for petroleum drilling applications and generate a basic mechanical properties database on fibrous monolith composites.

  10. Progressive failure analysis of fibrous composite materials and structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bahei-El-din, Yehia A.

    1990-01-01

    A brief description is given of the modifications implemented in the PAFAC finite element program for the simulation of progressive failure in fibrous composite materials and structures. Details of the memory allocation, input data, and the new subroutines are given. Also, built-in failure criteria for homogeneous and fibrous composite materials are described.

  11. Fibrous microcapsules and methods of assembly and use thereof

    DOEpatents

    Stupp, Samuel; Rozkiewicz, Dorota

    2015-01-27

    The present invention relates to assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolymers into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof. In particular, the present invention provides devices, compositions, and methods for interfacial self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolyments into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof.

  12. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padmaraj, O.; Rao, B. Nageswara; Jena, Paramananda; Venkateswarlu, M.; Satyanarayana, N.

    2014-04-01

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4)] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF6 in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl2O4 exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10-3 S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO2 coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl2O4] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator.

  13. Malignant transformation of ameloblastic fibro-odontoma to ameloblastic fibrosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Howell, R M; Burkes, E J

    1977-03-01

    Two cases of malignant transformation of ameloblastic fibro-odontomas are presented, along with a review of the literature on ameloblastic fibrosarcomas. The occurrence of this malignant transformation of ameloblastic fibromas, ameloblastic odontomas, and ameloblastic fibro-odontomas appears to be more frequent than previously thought. This potential transformation alone does not justify radical treatment of all these benign lesions. If there is recurrence accompanied by a histologic pattern change toward a more unorganized fibrous stroma with displacement of the epithelial component, however, then more extensive treatment procedures appear to be indicated.

  14. Fibrous calcite from the Middle Ordovician Holston Formation (east Tennessee)

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, K.J.; Walker, K.R. . Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1993-03-01

    Fibrous calcite from buildups, which occur near the top of the Middle Ordovician Holston Formation, were examined from two localities near Knoxville, TN (Alcoa Highway and Deanne Quarry). Buildups at these localities were deposited under open-marine conditions, slightly down-slope from the platform edge. Fibrous calcite (mainly radiaxial fibrous) occur most commonly as cements in mainly stromatactis structures present in bioherms and intergranular porosity in beds that flank bioherms. Fibrous calcite is interpreted to have been precipitated in a marine setting. Fibrous calcite is uniformly turbid or banded with interlayered turbid and clearer cement. Fibrous calcite most commonly shows patchy or blotchy dull-non-luminescence under cathodoluminescence. Bands of uniformly non-luminescent and relatively bright luminescent calcite are present. [delta][sup 13]C compositions of fibrous calcite vary little (0.6 to 1.0%) but [delta][sup 18]O values are highly variable ([minus]4.8 to [minus]7.1%). Post-marine cement consists of ferroan and non-ferroan, dull luminescent equant calcite ([delta][sup 13]C = 0.3 to 0.8; [delta][sup 18]O = [minus]8.6 to [minus]11.5) and is interpreted as precipitated in a deep meteoric or burial setting. Depleted [delta][sup 18]O compositions of fibrous calcite reflect addition of post-depositional calcite during stabilization. Most enriched [delta][sup 13]C and [delta][sup 18]O fibrous calcite composition are similar to enriched values from other Middle Ordovician southern Appalachian buildups (other localities of Holston (TN) and Effna (VA) formations) ([delta][sup 13]C = 0.3 to 0.8; [delta][sup 18]O = [minus]3.9 to [minus]4.8) and may reflect fibrous calcite precipitated in isotopic equilibrium with Middle Ordovician sea water.

  15. Study on fibrous materials for brain phantoms.

    PubMed

    Guise, Catarina; Fangueiro, Raul; Nóbrega, João Miguel; Schneider, Walter

    2014-01-01

    Generally, current clinical imaging methods do not provide highly detailed information about location of axonal injury, severity of injury or expected recovery of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). High-Definition Fiber Tractography (HDFT) is a novel imaging modality that allows visualizing and quantifying, directly, the degree of axons damage, predicting functional deficits due to traumatic axonal injury and loss of cortical projections. This imaging modality is based on diffusion technology. Being a novel modality, validation and quality control are essential. Thus this study aims at the development of a brain phantom to mimic the human brain in order to fill some gaps that currently exist in this area. This paper is focused on this novel imaging approach, the role of brain phantoms on its validation and the quality control, as well as, on the materials used in their construction. Furthermore, some important characteristics of fibrous materials for brain phantom are also discussed.

  16. Acoustical properties of highly porous fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, R. F.

    1979-01-01

    Highly porous, fibrous bulk sound absorbing materials are studied with a view toward understanding their acoustical properties and performance in a wide variety of applications including liners of flow ducts. The basis and criteria for decoupling of acoustic waves in the pores of the frame and compressional waves in the frame structure are established. The equations of motion are recast in a form that elucidates the coupling mechanisms. The normal incidence surface impedance and absorption coefficient of two types of Kevlar 29 and an open celled foam material are studied. Experimental values and theoretical results are brought into agreement when the structure factor is selected to provide a fit to the experimental data. A parametric procedure for achieving that fit is established. Both a bulk material quality factor and a high frequency impedance level are required to characterize the real and imaginary part of the surface impedance and absorption coefficient. A derivation of the concepts of equivalent density and dynamic resistance is presented.

  17. Method of manufacturing fibrous hemostatic bandages

    DOEpatents

    Larsen, Gustavo; Spretz, Ruben; Velarde-Ortiz, Raffet

    2012-09-04

    A method of manufacturing a sturdy and pliable fibrous hemostatic dressing by making fibers that maximally expose surface area per unit weight of active ingredients as a means for aiding in the clot forming process and as a means of minimizing waste of active ingredients. The method uses a rotating object to spin off a liquid biocompatible fiber precursor, which is added at its center. Fibers formed then deposit on a collector located at a distance from the rotating object creating a fiber layer on the collector. An electrical potential difference is maintained between the rotating disk and the collector. Then, a liquid procoagulation species is introduced at the center of the rotating disk such that it spins off the rotating disk and coats the fibers.

  18. [Malignant hyperthermia].

    PubMed

    Metterlein, T; Schuster, F; Graf, B M; Anetseder, M

    2014-12-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare hereditary, mostly subclinical myopathy. Trigger substances, such as volatile anesthetic agents and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine can induce a potentially fatal metabolic increase in predisposed patients caused by a dysregulation of the myoplasmic calcium (Ca) concentration. Mutations in the dihydropyridine ryanodine receptor complex in combination with the trigger substances are responsible for an uncontrolled release of Ca from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. This leads to activation of the contractile apparatus and a massive increase in cellular energy production. Exhaustion of the cellular energy reserves ultimately results in local muscle cell destruction and subsequent cardiovascular failure. The clinical picture of MH episodes is very variable. Early symptoms are hypoxia, hypercapnia and cardiac arrhythmia whereas the body temperature rise, after which MH is named, often occurs later. Decisive for the course of MH episodes is a timely targeted therapy. Following introduction of the hydantoin derivative dantrolene, the previously high mortality of fulminant MH episodes could be reduced to well under 10 %. An MH predisposition can be detected using the invasive in vitro contracture test (IVCT) or mutation analysis. Few elaborate diagnostic procedures are in the developmental stage.

  19. Apoptosis and injuries of heavy ion beam and x-ray radiation on malignant melanoma cell.

    PubMed

    Qin, Jin; Li, Sha; Zhang, Chao; Gao, Dong-Wei; Li, Qiang; Zhang, Hong; Jin, Xiao-Dong; Liu, Yang

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the influence of high linear energy transfer (LET) heavy ion ((12)C(6+)) and low LET X-ray radiation on apoptosis and related proteins of malignant melanoma on tumor-bearing mice under the same physical dosage. C57BL/6 J mice were burdened by tumors and randomized into three groups. These mice received heavy ion ((12)C(6+)) and X-ray radiation under the same physical dosage, respectively; their weight and tumor volumes were measured every three days post-radiation. After 30 days, these mice were sacrificed. Then, median survival time was calculated and tumors on mice were proliferated. In addition, immunohistochemistry was carried out for apoptosis-related proteins to reflect the expression level. After tumor-bearing mice were radiated to heavy ion, median survival time improved and tumor volume significantly decreased in conjunction with the upregulated expression of pro-apoptosis factors, Bax and cytochrome C, and the downregulated expression of apoptosis-profilin (Bcl-2, Survivin) and proliferation-related proteins (proliferating cell nuclear antigen). The results indicated that radiation can promote the apoptosis of malignant melanoma cells and inhibit their proliferation. This case was more suitable for heavy ion ((12)C(6+)). High LET heavy ion ((12)C(6+)) radiation could significantly improve the killing ability for malignant melanoma cells by inducing apoptosis in tumor cells and inhibiting their proliferation. These results demonstrated that heavy ion ((12)C(6+)) presented special advantages in terms of treating malignant melanoma.

  20. Postradiation hypertrichosis: a paradox.

    PubMed

    Agarwal, Jai Prakash; Upasani, Maheshkumar N; Ghadi, Yogesh; Munshi, Anusheel

    2014-01-01

    Alopecia due to radiation has remained a widely accepted aspect of radiotherapy. We present an unexpected clinical scenario, where a patient with left lung stage IIIB nonsmall cell adenocarcinoma, treated with radiochemotherapy achieved a complete response and developed an obscure late effect in terms of paradoxical hypertrichosis in the radiation portals. The paper presents plausible hypothesis for this unusual phenomenon.

  1. Numerical modeling of experimental human fibrous cap delamination.

    PubMed

    Leng, Xiaochang; Davis, Lindsey A; Deng, Xiaomin; Sutton, Michael A; Lessner, Susan M

    2016-06-01

    Fibrous cap delamination is a critical process during the rupture of atherosclerotic plaque, which often leads to severe life-threatening clinical consequences such as myocardial infarction or stroke. In this study a finite element modeling and simulation approach is presented that enables the study of fibrous cap delamination experiments for the purpose of understanding the fibrous cap delamination process. A cohesive zone model (CZM) approach is applied to simulate delamination of the fibrous cap from the underlying plaque tissue. A viscoelastic anisotropic (VA) model for the bulk arterial material behavior is extended from existing studies so that the hysteresis phenomenon observed in the fibrous cap delamination experiments can be captured. A finite element model is developed for the fibrous cap delamination experiments, in which arterial layers (including the fibrous cap and the underlying plaque tissue) are represented by solid elements based on the VA model and the fibrous cap-underlying plaque tissue interface is characterized by interfacial CZM elements. In the CZM, the delamination process is governed by an exponential traction-separation law which utilizes critical energy release rates obtained directly from the fibrous cap delamination experiments. A set of VA model parameter values and CZM parameter values is determined based on values suggested in the literature and through matching simulation predictions of the load vs. load-point displacement curve with one set of experimental measurements. Using this set of parameter values, simulation predictions for other sets of experimental measurements are obtained and good agreement between simulation predictions and experimental measurements is observed. Results of this study demonstrate the applicability of the viscoelastic anisotropic model and the CZM approach for the simulation of diseased arterial tissue failure processes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma: a rare malignant odontogenic tumor.

    PubMed

    Gilani, S M; Raza, A; Al-Khafaji, B M

    2014-02-01

    Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumor. It can arise de novo, however one-third of cases may arise from a recurrent ameloblastic fibroma, in which case they appear to present at an older age. A 16-year-old female presented with one month history of right mandibular mass. Computerized tomography (CT) scan showed a large destructive mass. A biopsy of the mass was performed. Histologically, it consisted of a mixed epithelial-mesenchymal odontogenic neoplasm composed of benign islands of well-differentiated ameloblastic epithelium within a malignant fibrous stroma consisting of spindle cells or fibroblasts with a brisk mitotic activity. The malignant spindle cell proliferation showed positive staining with p-53 and a high proliferation index with ki-67. A diagnosis of AFS was rendered. The differential diagnosis includes other odontogenic sarcomas, ameloblastic carcinosarcoma and spindle cell carcinoma. Treatment of choice is wide surgical excision, with long-term follow-up. Postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy has been used successfully in a few reported cases. AFS is a locally aggressive malignant tumor, with regional and distant metastases being uncommon. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Fibrous Dysplasia versus Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma: A Dilemma

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Prasanna Kumar; Bhandarkar, Gowri P.; Rai, Manjunath; Naik, Neel; Santhosh, Athul

    2016-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition characterized by excessive proliferation of bone forming mesenchymal cells which can affect one bone (monostotic type) or multiple bones (polyostotic type). It is predominantly noticed in adolescents and young adults. Fibrous dysplasia affecting the jaws is an uncommon condition. The most commonly affected facial bone is the maxilla, with facial asymmetry being the chief complaint. The lesion in many instances is confused with ossifying fibroma (OF). Diagnosis of these two lesions has to be done based on clinical, radiographic, and microscopic findings. Here, we present a case of fibrous dysplasia of maxilla in a nine-year-old boy mimicking juvenile ossifying fibroma. PMID:28101383

  4. Fibrous Dysplasia versus Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma: A Dilemma.

    PubMed

    Nair, Sreelakshmi N; Kini, Raghavendra; Rao, Prasanna Kumar; Bhandarkar, Gowri P; Kashyp, Roopashri Rajesh; Rai, Manjunath; Naik, Neel; Santhosh, Athul

    2016-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition characterized by excessive proliferation of bone forming mesenchymal cells which can affect one bone (monostotic type) or multiple bones (polyostotic type). It is predominantly noticed in adolescents and young adults. Fibrous dysplasia affecting the jaws is an uncommon condition. The most commonly affected facial bone is the maxilla, with facial asymmetry being the chief complaint. The lesion in many instances is confused with ossifying fibroma (OF). Diagnosis of these two lesions has to be done based on clinical, radiographic, and microscopic findings. Here, we present a case of fibrous dysplasia of maxilla in a nine-year-old boy mimicking juvenile ossifying fibroma.

  5. Malignant hyperthermia

    PubMed Central

    Rosenberg, Henry; Davis, Mark; James, Danielle; Pollock, Neil; Stowell, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle that presents as a hypermetabolic response to potent volatile anesthetic gases such as halothane, sevoflurane, desflurane and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine, and rarely, in humans, to stresses such as vigorous exercise and heat. The incidence of MH reactions ranges from 1:5,000 to 1:50,000–100,000 anesthesias. However, the prevalence of the genetic abnormalities may be as great as one in 3,000 individuals. MH affects humans, certain pig breeds, dogs, horses, and probably other animals. The classic signs of MH include hyperthermia to marked degree, tachycardia, tachypnea, increased carbon dioxide production, increased oxygen consumption, acidosis, muscle rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis, all related to a hypermetabolic response. The syndrome is likely to be fatal if untreated. Early recognition of the signs of MH, specifically elevation of end-expired carbon dioxide, provides the clinical diagnostic clues. In humans the syndrome is inherited in autosomal dominant pattern, while in pigs in autosomal recessive. The pathophysiologic changes of MH are due to uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes related to muscle activation. Due to ATP depletion, the muscle membrane integrity is compromised leading to hyperkalemia and rhabdomyolysis. In most cases, the syndrome is caused by a defect in the ryanodine receptor. Over 90 mutations have been identified in the RYR-1 gene located on chromosome 19q13.1, and at least 25 are causal for MH. Diagnostic testing relies on assessing the in vitro contracture response of biopsied muscle to halothane, caffeine, and other drugs. Elucidation of the genetic changes has led to the introduction, on a limited basis so far, of genetic testing for susceptibility to MH. As the sensitivity of genetic testing increases, molecular genetics will be used for identifying those at risk with greater frequency. Dantrolene

  6. Solitary Fibrous Tumor – Less Common Neoplasms of the Pleural Cavity

    PubMed Central

    Vejvodova, Sarka; Spidlen, Vladimir; Mukensnabl, Petr; Krakorova, Gabriela; Molacek, Jiri

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) represent a heterogeneous group of primary pleural neoplasms with a low incidence rate and of which the biological origin, which consists of mesenchymal cells, is uncertain. Methods: The authors present herewith a retrospective analysis of 22 patients with SFTs who were diagnosed and surgically treated between the years 2000–2015. The preoperative tumors were successfully verified morphologically by transthoracic core needle biopsy under CT control in 27.3% of patients. Surgical approaches were either posterolateral thoracotomy or videothoracoscopy. The follow-up median was 45 months (range 1–188 months). Results: Twenty tumors were surgically removed radically, two tumors were found to be unresectable due to the considerable tumor size. From histological point of view 81.8% of tumors were SFT with low malignant potential, 18.2% of tumors with high malignant potential. Despite the radical extirpation of the SFT, it relapsed in two patients. Conclusion: The gold standard of SFT treatment is radical surgical removal; however, patients at risk of recurrence require additional follow-ups. The results of adjuvant therapy in recurrent and malignant forms of SFTs are the subject of discussion and further study. PMID:28049955

  7. Histogenesis of intralesional fibrous septum in chordoma.

    PubMed

    Naka, Takahiko; Boltze, Carsten; Kuester, Doerthe; Samii, Amir; Herold, Christian; Ostertag, Helmut; Iwamoto, Yukihide; Odae, Yoshinao; Tsuneyoshi, Masazumi; Roessner, Albert

    2005-01-01

    Intralesional fibrous septum (IFS), a histologic architecture that is typical of chordoma, consists of proliferating spindle-shaped, fibroblast-like cells with an abundance of collagen fibers. However, the histogenesis of IFS is still controversial. In a series of 122 chordomas, special emphasis was placed on the morphology of host tissues involved in IFS and on a transition between IFS and neighboring tissues. In 23 lesions, IFS was also characterized both histochemically and immunohistochemically. IFS was observed in 79 (64.8%) lesions. Occasionally, IFS contained bone fragments and hyalinized matrix with no lining of osteoblastic cells, suggesting degenerated rather than metaplastic bone tissue. Moreover, IFS occasionally showed a direct transition to host bone trabeculae. Histochemically and immunohistochemically, IFS included calcium deposits positive for Alizarin red S staining and expressed both type I and type III collagen. In extraosseous lesions extending to the adjacent soft tissues, IFS frequently involved muscle fibers or peripheral nerve fibers and displayed a smooth transition to neighboring soft tissues. We believe that IFS is induced by a tumor-host interaction that is based on the host bone trabeculae in intraosseous lesions or on soft tissues in extraosseous lesions.

  8. Treating Fibrous Insulation to Reduce Thermal Conductivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zinn, Alfred; Tarkanian, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    A chemical treatment reduces the convective and radiative contributions to the effective thermal conductivity of porous fibrous thermal-insulation tile. The net effect of the treatment is to coat the surfaces of fibers with a mixture of transition-metal oxides (TMOs) without filling the pores. The TMO coats reduce the cross-sectional areas available for convection while absorbing and scattering thermal radiation in the pores, thereby rendering the tile largely opaque to thermal radiation. The treatment involves a sol-gel process: A solution containing a mixture of transition-metal-oxide-precursor salts plus a gelling agent (e.g., tetraethylorthosilicate) is partially cured, then, before it visibly gels, is used to impregnate the tile. The solution in the tile is gelled, then dried, and then the tile is fired to convert the precursor salts to the desired mixed TMO phases. The amounts of the various TMOs ultimately incorporated into the tile can be tailored via the concentrations of salts in the solution, and the impregnation depth can be tailored via the viscosity of the solution and/or the volume of the solution relative to that of the tile. The amounts of the TMOs determine the absorption and scattering spectra.

  9. Analytical study of rigidized fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rosen, B. W.; Bagchi, D.; Kibler, J. J.

    1974-01-01

    Insulation systems composed of micrometer-sized fibers bonded together with small amounts of binder have been developed for aerospace applications. The materials have a very high volid content and low density and can be characterized as a rigidized network of fibers randomly oriented in three-dimensional space. Analytical models suitable for the evaluation of the mechanical behavior of rigidized fibrous materials have been developed. The models treat the material as a space frame structure and includes the effects of joint fixity and fiber curvature. The geometrical and material property variabilities are represented by a number of trusses oriented in five planes. Each truss may have different material and geometric properties. Techniques have been developed to describe the continuous material property and geometry functions as a series of descrete quantities that can be used to describe each of the trusses in the model. Parametric studies were performed to show the influence of material variables on the mechanical behavior of the material. Results of calculations show good agreement with measured properties.

  10. Fibrous Tendon Hypertrophy after Gastrocnemius Recession: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Jastifer, James R; Coughlin, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Surgical complications after gastrocnemius recession have been rare in published studies. We report a case of symptomatic fibrous tendon hypertrophy requiring revision surgery. Additionally, we have provided a review of the published data on the complications related to this procedure.

  11. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the nose and paranasal sinuses].

    PubMed

    Kyriafinis, G; Constantinidis, J; Karkavelas, G; Triaridis, S; Daniilidis, J

    2006-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor is an uncommon, benign lesion with a mesenchymal origin which arises most commonly from the pleura and, in extremely rare cases, from the mucosa of the nose and paranasal sinuses. We describe a case of solitary fibrous tumor in the nasal cavity with an extension into both ethmoid sinuses and destruction of the nasal septum in a 64-year-old woman presenting with nasal obstruction and frontal headache. In the histopathologic examination and by immunohistochemistry, the tumor was composed of spindle cells and nodular collagen, and was confirmed as a solitary fibrous tumor. It was completely removed using an endonasal approach with the patient being free of any complaints and without evidence of disease 2 years after surgery. Solitary fibrous tumor should be included in diagnostic considerations in patients with sinonasal masses, especially in cases with the appearance of spindle cells. Diagnostic procedures, clinicopathological features, therapeutic options and prognosis of the such tumors are discussed.

  12. Failure Analysis and Mechanisms of Failure of Fibrous Composite Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noor, A. K. (Compiler); Shuart, M. J. (Compiler); Starnes, J. H., Jr. (Compiler); Williams, J. G. (Compiler)

    1983-01-01

    The state of the art of failure analysis and current design practices, especially as applied to the use of fibrous composite materials in aircraft structures is discussed. Deficiencies in these technologies are identified, as are directions for future research.

  13. Reflective Coating on Fibrous Insulation for Reduced Heat Transfer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hass, Derek D.; Prasad, B. Durga; Glass, David E.; Wiedemann, Karl E.

    1997-01-01

    Radiative heat transfer through fibrous insulation used in thermal protection systems (TPS) is significant at high temperatures (1200 C). Decreasing the radiative heat transfer through the fibrous insulation can thus have a major impact on the insulating ability of the TPS. Reflective coatings applied directly to the individual fibers in fibrous insulation should decrease the radiative heat transfer leading to an insulation with decreased effective thermal conductivity. Coatings with high infrared reflectance have been developed using sol-gel techniques. Using this technique, uniform coatings can be applied to fibrous insulation without an appreciable increase in insulation weight or density. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, and ellipsometry have been performed to evaluate coating performance.

  14. Pancreatic solitary fibrous tumor causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome.

    PubMed

    Murakami, Keigo; Nakamura, Yasuhiro; Felizola, Saulo J A; Morimoto, Ryo; Satoh, Fumitoshi; Takanami, Kentaro; Katakami, Hideki; Hirota, Seiichi; Takeda, Yoshiyu; Meguro-Horike, Makiko; Horike, Shin-Ichi; Unno, Michiaki; Sasano, Hironobu

    2016-11-15

    Solitary fibrous tumors occasionally present with hypoglycemia because of the excessive release of insulin-like growth factor II. We report the first case of pancreatic solitary fibrous tumor causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome. An 82-year-old Japanese man presented with lower limb edema, uncontrolled hypertension, hypokalemia, and baseline hypercortisolism. Distal pancreatectomy was performed after the clinical diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor with ectopic secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone. On histological examination, the tumor showed spindle cells in a fascicular arrangement. The diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was confirmed by the identification of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene and positive immuno-histochemical staining for STAT6 and CD34. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, mRNA that encoded proopiomelanocortin, precursor of adrenocorticotropic hormone, was detected. Proopiomelanocortin production through the demethylation of the promoter region Domain IV was detected. Pancreatic solitary fibrous tumors represent a new cause of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome.

  15. A Rare Case of An Atypical Solitary Fibrous Tumour of Orbit

    PubMed Central

    Ingole, Avinash Babarao; Gharat, Anuja Mihir; Murade, Sujit Mardansingh; Nicholson, Anjali Darius

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours are of mesenchymal origin and comprise of uncommon spindle cell neoplasias. Most commonly the lesions arise from pleura but other rarer sites include lungs, peritoneum, pericardium, nasal cavities, thyroid, parotid gland and orbit. We report the case of a 41-year-old male patient who presented to us with a painless, progressive growth of a mass in the superior part of left orbit with proptosis and inferotemporal displacement of the left eye. Computed Tomography (CT) scan revealed homogeneous enhancing lesion in the superior compartment of left orbit in the extraconal region, extending intraconally and distorting the globe. Upon imaging, the differential diagnosis were lacrimal gland tumour, atypical cavernous haemangioma and nerve sheath tumour. Surgical treatment included complete excision of the mass with the intraoperative finding of mass extending upto the superior oblique tendon, a part of which was excised. Histopathological examination revealed CD34 positive, Bcl-2 and MIC-2 positive tumour with the diagnosis of a solitary fibrous tumour with atypical features but no malignant features. After a follow-up of 18 months, no recurrence was detected. PMID:28050416

  16. Biopersistence and potential adverse health impacts of fibrous nanomaterials: what have we learned from asbestos?

    PubMed Central

    Sanchez, Vanesa C.; Pietruska, Jodie R.; Miselis, Nathan R.; Hurt, Robert H.; Kane, Agnes B.

    2010-01-01

    Human diseases associated with exposure to asbestos fibers include pleural fibrosis and plaques, pulmonary fibrosis (asbestosis), lung cancer, and diffuse malignant mesothelioma. The critical determinants of fiber bioactivity and toxicity include not only fiber dimensions, but also shape, surface reactivity, crystallinity, chemical composition, and presence of transition metals. Depending on their size and dimensions, inhaled fibers can penetrate the respiratory tract to the distal airways and into the alveolar spaces. Fibers can be cleared by several mechanisms, including the mucociliary escalator, engulfment, and removal by macrophages, or through splitting and chemical modification. Biopersistence of long asbestos fibers can lead to inflammation, granuloma formation, fibrosis, and cancer. Exposure to synthetic carbon nanomaterials, including carbon nanofibers and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), is considered a potential health hazard because of their physical similarities with asbestos fibers. Respiratory exposure to CNTs can produce an inflammatory response, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, and formation of fibrotic granulomas similar to that observed in asbestos-exposed animals and humans. Given the known cytotoxic and carcinogenic properties of asbestos fibers, toxicity of fibrous nanomaterials is a topic of intense study. The mechanisms of nanomaterial toxicity remain to be fully elucidated, but recent evidence suggests points of similarity with asbestos fibers, including a role for generation of reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress, and genotoxicity. Considering the rapid increase in production and use of fibrous nanomaterials, it is imperative to gain a thorough understanding of their biologic activity to avoid the human health catastrophe that has resulted from widespread use of asbestos fibers. PMID:20049814

  17. Biopersistence and potential adverse health impacts of fibrous nanomaterials: what have we learned from asbestos?

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Vanesa C; Pietruska, Jodie R; Miselis, Nathan R; Hurt, Robert H; Kane, Agnes B

    2009-01-01

    Human diseases associated with exposure to asbestos fibers include pleural fibrosis and plaques, pulmonary fibrosis (asbestosis), lung cancer, and diffuse malignant mesothelioma. The critical determinants of fiber bioactivity and toxicity include not only fiber dimensions, but also shape, surface reactivity, crystallinity, chemical composition, and presence of transition metals. Depending on their size and dimensions, inhaled fibers can penetrate the respiratory tract to the distal airways and into the alveolar spaces. Fibers can be cleared by several mechanisms, including the mucociliary escalator, engulfment, and removal by macrophages, or through splitting and chemical modification. Biopersistence of long asbestos fibers can lead to inflammation, granuloma formation, fibrosis, and cancer. Exposure to synthetic carbon nanomaterials, including carbon nanofibers and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), is considered a potential health hazard because of their physical similarities with asbestos fibers. Respiratory exposure to CNTs can produce an inflammatory response, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, and formation of fibrotic granulomas similar to that observed in asbestos-exposed animals and humans. Given the known cytotoxic and carcinogenic properties of asbestos fibers, toxicity of fibrous nanomaterials is a topic of intense study. The mechanisms of nanomaterial toxicity remain to be fully elucidated, but recent evidence suggests points of similarity with asbestos fibers, including a role for generation of reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress, and genotoxicity. Considering the rapid increase in production and use of fibrous nanomaterials, it is imperative to gain a thorough understanding of their biologic activity to avoid the human health catastrophe that has resulted from widespread use of asbestos fibers.

  18. Method for distributing chemicals through a fibrous material using low-headspace dielectric heating

    DOEpatents

    Banerjee, Sujit; Malcolm, Earl

    2002-01-01

    System and method for diffusing chemicals rapidly and evenly into and through fibrous material, such as wood. Chemicals are introduced into the fibrous material by applying the chemicals to the fibrous material. After treating the fibrous material with the chemicals, the fibrous material is maintained under low-headspace conditions. Thermal energy or dielectric heating, such as microwave or radio frequency energy, is applied to the fibrous material. As a result, the chemicals are able to distribute evenly and quickly throughout the fibrous material.

  19. Morphogenesis of the fibrous sheath in the marsupial spermatozoon.

    PubMed

    Ricci, M; Breed, W G

    2005-08-01

    The spermatozoon fibrous sheath contains longitudinal columns and circumferential ribs. It surrounds the axoneme of the principal piece of the mammalian sperm tail, and may be important in sperm stability and motility. Here we describe its assembly during spermiogenesis in a marsupial, the brush-tail possum, and compare its structural organization with that of eutherian mammals, birds and reptiles. Transmission electron microscopy showed that possum fibrous sheath assembly is a multistep process extending in a distal-to-proximal direction along the axoneme from steps 4 to 14 of spermiogenesis. For the most part, assembly of the longitudinal columns occurs before that of the circumferential ribs. Immunohistochemical and immunogold labelling showed that fibrous sheath proteins are first present in the spermatid cytoplasm; at least some of the proteins of the sheath precursors differ from those in the mature fibrous sheath. That immunoreactivity develops after initiation of chromatin condensation suggests that fibrous sheath proteins, or their mRNAs, are stored within the spermatid cytoplasmic lobule prior to their assembly along the axoneme. These findings are similar to those in laboratory rats, and thus suggests that the mode of fibrous sheath assembly evolved in a common ancestor over 125 million years ago, prior to the divergence of marsupial and eutherian lineages.

  20. Morphogenesis of the fibrous sheath in the marsupial spermatozoon

    PubMed Central

    Ricci, M; Breed, WG

    2005-01-01

    The spermatozoon fibrous sheath contains longitudinal columns and circumferential ribs. It surrounds the axoneme of the principal piece of the mammalian sperm tail, and may be important in sperm stability and motility. Here we describe its assembly during spermiogenesis in a marsupial, the brush-tail possum, and compare its structural organization with that of eutherian mammals, birds and reptiles. Transmission electron microscopy showed that possum fibrous sheath assembly is a multistep process extending in a distal-to-proximal direction along the axoneme from steps 4 to 14 of spermiogenesis. For the most part, assembly of the longitudinal columns occurs before that of the circumferential ribs. Immunohistochemical and immunogold labelling showed that fibrous sheath proteins are first present in the spermatid cytoplasm; at least some of the proteins of the sheath precursors differ from those in the mature fibrous sheath. That immunoreactivity develops after initiation of chromatin condensation suggests that fibrous sheath proteins, or their mRNAs, are stored within the spermatid cytoplasmic lobule prior to their assembly along the axoneme. These findings are similar to those in laboratory rats, and thus suggests that the mode of fibrous sheath assembly evolved in a common ancestor over 125 million years ago, prior to the divergence of marsupial and eutherian lineages. PMID:16050902

  1. The utility of 18F-FDG PET/CT in solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura.

    PubMed

    Tazeler, Z; Tan, G; Aslan, A; Tan, S

    2016-01-01

    To demonstrate the utility of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in the differentiation of benign and malignant solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTP). A retrospective review was performed on the (18)F-FDG PET/CT data from 17 patients with histopathologically diagnosed benign or malignant SFTP. The size, side of SFTP, presence of necrosis, calcification, pleural effusion, hilar lymphadenopathy (LAP), density on CT images (Hounsfield unit-HU), and (18)F-FDG uptake (SUVmax) were recorded and compared in order to detect malignant SFTP. Statistical significance was set as p<0.05. The difference in size, presence of necrosis, and hilar LAP on CT images were statistically significant (p=0.004, p<0.001, p=0.015, respectively) in a comparison of benign and malignant SFTPs. The mean HU of benign SFTP was 46.16±5.52HU, and for malignant SFTP it was 35.03±4.61HU (p=0.003). The mean SUVmax was 3.02±1.02 for benign SFTP and 4.89±2.12 for malignant SFTP (p=0.021). A cut-off value of ≥7cm for size, ≤39.81HU for density, and ≥3.47 for SUVmax was obtained by ROC analysis for detecting malignant SFTP. (18)F-FDG PET/CT may have a limited role in diagnosing malignant SFTP in suspected patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  2. A call to expand regulation to all carcinogenic fibrous minerals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baumann, F.; Steele, I.; Ambrosi, J.; Carbone, M.

    2013-05-01

    The regulatory term "asbestos" groups only the six fibrous minerals that were commercially used among approximately 400. The carcinogenicity of these six regulated minerals has been largely demonstrated and is related to fiber structure, fiber length/diameter ratio, and bio-persistence. From a public perception, the generic term "asbestos" refers to the fibrous minerals that cause asbestosis, mesothelioma and other cancers. However, other non-regulated fibrous minerals are potentially as dangerous as the regulatory asbestos because they share similar physical and chemical properties, epidemiological studies have demonstrated their relationship with asbestos-related diseases, and both in vitro and in vivo experiments have established the toxicity of these minerals. For example, the non-regulated asbestiform winchite and richterite minerals that contaminated the vermiculite mined from Libby, Montana, (USA) were associated with mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis observed among the area's residents and miners. Many other examples of non-regulated carcinogenic fibrous minerals include, but are not limited to, antigorite, arfvedsonite, balangeroite, carlosturanite, erionite, fluoro-edenite, hornblende, mordenite, palygorskite, and sepiolite. To propose a regulatory definition that would provide protection from all carcinogenic fibers, we have conducted an interdisciplinary literature review to compare the characteristics of "asbestos" and of non-regulated mineral fibers that relate to carcinogenicity. We specifically studied two non-regulated fibrous minerals that are associated with asbestos-related diseases: the serpentine antigorite and the zeolite erionite. Both examples underscore the problem of regulation based on commercial, rather than scientific principles: 1) the occurrence of fibrous antigorite in materials used to pave roads has been correlated with high mesothelioma rates in New Caledonia. Antigorite was also the cause of asbestosis in Poland, and in

  3. [Undifferentiated high grade pleomorphic sarcoma/ malignant fibrous histiocytoma associated a gouty tophus. a case report].

    PubMed

    Szlabi, Susana; Flores, Jorge O; Diller, Ana L de; Cabrera, Marta

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: La gota es una enfermedad metabólica por depósito de cristales de ácido úrico, que compromete articulaciones y tejidos blandos tanto en sus etapas agudas como crónicas. Constituye un suceso poco común la aparición de un tumor en el sitio propio de la lesión. Objetivo: presentar un caso de asociación infrecuente entre tofo gotoso y sarcoma. Material y métodos: hombre de 83 años que consultó por tumoración en codo izquierdo de aproximadamente 40 años de evolución, que comenzó a doler espontáneamente. Con la presunción diagnóstica de tofo gotoso se trató quirúrgicamente. La lesión recidivó a los 60 días, se realizó reintervención y radioterapia por diagnóstico de tumor mesenquimal maligno asociado a tofo gotoso. A los 10 meses desarrolló metástasis ganglionar homolateral, falleció antes de los 2 años de la consulta inicial. Resultados: El diagnóstico de la primer biopsia fue tofo gotoso. En el material de reintervención se diagnosticó tofo gotoso asociado a neoplasia mesenquimal fusocelular de alto grado; la inmunohistoquímica reveló: vimentina +/+, MYO D1 -/-, ASMA -/-, FVIII -/-, A1ATT -/-, CD68-/-, S100-/- con resultado diagnóstico final de sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado de alto grado. Conclusión: Es infrecuente que los tofos gotosos se asocien a otras enfermedades y menos que lo hagan a tumores. En la bibliografía se han reportado tres casos previos concurrentes con neoplasias, las cuales fueron angiosarcoma, tumor de células gigantes y fibrohistiocitoma maligno. Estos últimos tienen una alta tendencia a recidivar y poseen capacidad de dar metástasis, especialmente a pulmones y ganglios regionales. Palabras clave: tofo gotoso, fibrohistiocitoma maligno, sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado.

  4. [Results of animal experiments concerning the carcinogenic effect of fibrous dusts and their interpretation with regard to the carcinogenesis in humans (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Pott, F; Friedrichs, K H; Huth, F

    1976-08-01

    After reviewing the hypotheses about the pathogenesis of asbestos-induced malignant tumours we report about experimental data on animals. A high incidence of tumours (most of them mesotheliomas) was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of fibrous dusts (chrysotile, palygorscite, crocidolite, glass fibres, nemalite). Treatment with 8 types of granular dusts led though applicating a high dosage (50--100 mg) to neoplasms in only a small percentage of animals. After intraperitoneal application of 2 mg of chrysotile, crocidolite or glass fibres a tumour incidence in a range from 16% to 38% was observed and fibrous reaction was slight. 100 mg of milled chrysotile with relative short fibres (99.8% less than 5 mum, 99.5% less than 3 mum) caused no asbestosis, nevertheless tumours developed in 32% of the rats. Intraperitoneal injection of fibrous dusts also induced mesotheliomas in mice, however not in Syrian hamsters and guinea pigs. Our results point out that the fibrous shape of asbestos dust causes its carcinogenic effect and that furthermore other fibrous dusts can also lead to tumours. Prerequisites are an adequate measure of the fibres and their constancy in the tissue. For these two parameters no exact dates exist. It is estimated that a fibre with a diameter less than 1 mum and a length less than 3 mum exert a cancerogenic effect. Furthermore, a sequence of other factors has an importance for the dose-effect relationship of fibrous dusts. Material of the fibres plays a role in so far it defines the effect producing amount of fibres. The relevance of the results of animal experiments to man is discussed especially with regard to the cancerogenic effect of glass fibres.

  5. Water-related absorption in fibrous diamonds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zedgenizov, D. A.; Shiryaev, A. A.; Kagi, H.; Navon, O.

    2003-04-01

    Cubic and coated diamonds from several localities (Brasil, Canada, Yakutia) were investigated using spectroscopic techniques. Special emphasis was put on investigation of water-related features of transmission Infra-red and Raman spectra. Presence of molecular water is inferred from broad absorption bands in IR at 3420 and 1640 cm-1. These bands were observed in many of the investigated samples. It is likely that molecular water is present in microinclusions in liquid state, since no clear indications of solid H_2O (ice VI-VII, Kagi et al., 2000) were found. Comparison of absorption by HOH and OH vibrations shows that diamonds can be separated into two principal groups: those containing liquid water (direct proportionality of OH and HOH absorption) and those with stronger absorption by OH group. Fraction of diamonds in every group depends on their provenance. There might be positive correlation between internal pressure in microinclusions (determined using quartz barometer, Navon et al., 1988) and affiliation with diamonds containing liquid water. In many cases absorption by HOH vibration is considerably lower than absorption by hydroxyl (OH) group. This may be explained if OH groups are partially present in mineral and/or melt inclusions. This hypothesis is supported by following fact: in diamonds with strong absorption by silicates and other minerals shape and position of the OH band differs from that in diamonds with low absorption by minerals. Moreover, in Raman spectra of individual inclusions sometimes the broad band at 3100 cm-1 is observed. This band is OH-related. In some samples water distribution is not homogeneous. Central part of the diamond usually contains more water than outer parts, but this is not a general rule for all the samples. Water absorption usually correlated with absorption of other components (carbonates, silicates and others). At that fibrous diamonds with relatively high content of silicates are characterized by molecular water. OH

  6. Oxidative stress inhibition and oxidant activity by fibrous clays.

    PubMed

    Cervini-Silva, Javiera; Nieto-Camacho, Antonio; Gómez-Vidales, Virginia

    2015-09-01

    Fibrous clays (sepiolite, palygorskite) are produced at 1.2m tonnes per year and have a wide range of industrial applications needing to replace long-fibre length asbestos. However, information on the beneficial effects of fibrous clays on health remains scarce. This paper reports on the effect of sepiolite (Vallecas, Spain) and palygorskite (Torrejón El Rubio, Spain) on cell damage via oxidative stress (determined as the progress of lipid peroxidation, LP). The extent of LP was assessed using the Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay. The oxidant activity by fibrous clays was quantified using Electron-Paramagnetic Resonance. Sepiolite and palygorskite inhibited LP, whereby corresponding IC50 values were 6557±1024 and 4250±289μgmL(-1). As evidenced by dose-response experiments LP inhibition by palygorskite was surface-controlled. Fibrous clay surfaces did not stabilize HO species, except for suspensions containing 5000μgmL(-1). A strong oxidant (or weak anti-oxidant) activity favours the inhibition of LP by fibrous clays. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Stress transfer through fibrous materials in wicking experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monaenkova, Daria; Andrukh, Taras; Kornev, Konstantin

    2009-11-01

    Due to the recent progress in preparation of fibers and nanofibers with different properties, the idea of smart textiles attracts much attention. In many situations the probes and sensors are designed for bio fluid detection. The liquid penetration in fibrous materials causes their deformations including stretching, twisting, wrinkling, buckling etc. The most of researches on wicking properties of textiles are focused on determination of media permeability and ignore the specific features of fibrous materials. On the other hand the theoretical works on quantitative analysis of the deformation effects in porous materials filled with liquids are mostly focused on deformation of fully saturated samples. The fundamental understanding of the stress transfer through the fiber network is crucial for sensors development, but to the best of our knowledge, the stress analysis in the fibrous materials absorbing liquids has never been discussed in the literature. This paper sets a physical basis for analysis of absorption processes in nanotubular and nanofibrous materials. We study absorption of droplets by yarns and webs made of fibers, develop a theory which explains the stress distribution in fibrous materials and checked this theory on wicking experiments. The reported theory and experiments propose a new area of research on absorption-induced deformations of fibrous materials.

  8. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    SciTech Connect

    Padmaraj, O.; Rao, B. Nageswara; Jena, Paramananda; Satyanarayana, N.; Venkateswarlu, M.

    2014-04-24

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4})] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF{sub 6} in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10{sup −3} S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO{sub 2} coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator.

  9. Unusual Presentation of Postradiation Sarcoma With Subsequent Intestinal Metastasis Revealed by 18F-FDG PET/CT.

    PubMed

    Lee, Tse-Hao; Chang, Cheng-Pei; Wu, Yuan-Hung; Huang, Wen-Sheng

    2017-10-01

    Radiation-related sarcoma is a rare but serious complication for patients after receiving radiation therapy initially for their primary malignancy. However, it usually takes several years and needs enough in-field radiation dose to develop this sarcoma. We describe a 60-year-old man with right axillary sarcoma revealed by whole-body F-FDG PET/CT 1 year after chemoradiotherapy, which presented ultrashort latency period and did not match the consensus definition of radiation-related sarcoma. Besides, metastatic sarcoma to small intestine was accidentally noted in the F-FDG PET/CT image.

  10. Rare association of Hodgkin lymphoma, Graves' disease and myasthenia gravis complicated by post-radiation neurofibrosarcoma: coincidence or genetic susceptibility?

    PubMed

    Simon, Zsófia; Ress, Zsuzsa; Toldi, József; Trauninger, Anita; Miltényi, Zsófia; Illés, Arpád

    2009-05-01

    With Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), other (autoimmune) diseases may occasionally occur or associate, whereas as a late treatment-complication, second tumour may develop. In our patient HL was diagnosed in 1996 and consequently received COPP/ABV and mantle irradiation. Due to the residual mediastinal tumour CRu was declared but later on no progression/relapse could be proved by PET. In 2000 Graves's disease, in 2001 myasthenia gravis was diagnosed, which showed resistance for immunosuppressant drugs, thus plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulin treatments were applied. In 2005, the residual mediastinal tumour started progressive growth, which leads to thoracotomy in which the tumour was removed, it was malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour. The disease showed progression despite the chemotherapy applied and the patient died in 2007 due to respiratory failure. Not even the postmortem histopathologic examination revealed the relapse of HL. Association of Hodgkin lymphoma, and two antibody-mediated autoimmune diseases, Graves' disease and myasthenia gravis, is rare and has not yet been reported in the literature. The etiologic role of genetic predisposition and immune regulatory disorder must definitely be thought of, as the possibility of mere coincidence is extremely small. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour is a rare complication of irradiation, which underlines the importance of the risk or/and response adapted therapy of HL.

  11. Tumorigenic effect of fibrous dust in experimental animals

    PubMed Central

    Pott, F.; Huth, F.; Friedrichs, K. H.

    1974-01-01

    Fibrous dusts (chrysotile, glass fibers, nemalite, palygorscite, and gypsum) and granular dusts (actinolite, biotite, hematite, pectolite, sanidine, and talcum) were injected intraperitoneally into rats. The fibrous dusts (other than gypsum) resulted in a high incidence of mesothelioma (30 – 67%). Gypsum produced only 5% and granular dusts none at all. It is suggested that the fibrous shape leads to a high multiplication rate of cells and predisposes to tumor formation. Fibrosis, in the other hand, does not so predispose. Milled chrysotile with 99.8% fibers than 5 μm in length are carcinogenic in our experience. The carcinogenicity of glass fibers in our experiments may have significance for occupational situations. PMID:4377876

  12. Fibrous minerals from Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, Manuela; Nestola, Fabrizio; Ghiara, Maria R.; Capitelli, Francesco

    2016-08-01

    A survey on fibrous minerals coming from the densely populated area of Campania around the Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex (Italy) was performed by means of a multi-methodological approach, based on morphological analyses, EMPA/WDS and SEM/EDS applications, and unit-cell determination through X-ray diffraction data. Such mineralogical investigation aims to provide suitable tools to the identification of fibrous natural phases, to improve the knowledge of both geochemical, petrogenetic and regional mineralogy of Somma-Vesuvius area, and to emphasize the presence of minerals with fibrous habit in all volcanic environments. The survey also fits well in the calls of health and environment of Horizon 2020 program of the European Commission (Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials).

  13. 4D fibrous materials: characterising the deployment of paper architectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulakkal, Manu C.; Seddon, Annela M.; Whittell, George; Manners, Ian; Trask, Richard S.

    2016-09-01

    Deployment of folded paper architecture using a fluid medium as the morphing stimulus presents a simple and inexpensive methodology capable of self-actuation; where the underlying principles can be translated to develop smart fibrous materials capable of programmable actuations. In this study we characterise different paper architectures and their stimuli mechanisms for folded deployment; including the influence of porosity, moisture, surfactant concentration, temperature, and hornification. We observe that actuation time decreases with paper grammage; through the addition of surfactants, and when the temperature is increased at the fluid-vapour interface. There is a clear effect of hydration, water transport and the interaction of hydrogen bonds within the fibrous architecture which drives the deployment of the folded regions. The importance of fibre volume fraction and functional fillers in shape recovery was also observed, as well as the effect of a multilayer composite paper system. The design guidelines shown here will inform the development of synthetic fibrous actuators for repeated deployment.

  14. Plastic deformation of silicon nitride/boron nitride fibrous monoliths.

    SciTech Connect

    de Arellano-Lopez, A. R.; Lopez-Pombero, S.; Dominguez-Rodriguez, A.; Routbort, J. L.; Singh, D.; Goretta, K. C.; Energy Technology; Univ. de Sevilla

    2001-02-01

    High-temperature compressive creep of unidirectional Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/BN fibrous monoliths has been investigated at 1300-1500 C in an inert atmosphere. The results were then compared to those for deformation of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} and BN base materials. Plasticity of the fibrous monoliths was limited to very low stresses when the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} cells were oriented perpendicular to the stress axis because the BN cell boundaries failed, followed by failure of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} cells. In the fibrous monolith in which cells were oriented parallel to the stress axis, steady-state deformation controlled by deformation of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} cells was achieved.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the tentorium: a case report.

    PubMed

    Alapatt, Jacob Paul; Ajaya, Kumar A; Govindan, Aparna; Rajeev, M P; Radhakrishnan, M

    2012-01-01

    The authors describe the clinical and pathological features of a solitary fibrous tumor of the tentorium, a rare location for the tumor in the CNS. A 52-year-old lady presented to the neurosurgical services with headache of four months and vertigo of one and a half months duration. On examination, she had left-sided cerebellar signs and bilateral papilloedema. Cranial MR imaging showed an enhancing tumor based on the left tentorium. Clinical impression was a meningioma. The patient underwent left suboccipital craniectomy. The tumor was firm and vascular, extending above the tent through a defect. Total excision was achieved. The correct diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor could be made only by histopathology. Solitary fibrous tumors of the tentorium, though rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of dural based masses.

  16. Precursors to Lymphoproliferative Malignancies

    PubMed Central

    Goldin, Lynn R.; McMaster, Mary L.; Caporaso, Neil E.

    2013-01-01

    We review monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) as a precursor to chronic lymphocytic leukemia and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) as a precursor to plasma cell disorders. These conditions are present in the general population and increase with age. These precursors aggregate with lymphoproliferative malignancies in families suggesting shared inheritance. MBL and MGUS may share some of the same risk factors as their related malignancies but data are limited. While these conditions are characterized by enhanced risk for the associated malignancy, the majority of individuals with these conditions do not progress to malignancy. A key focus for current work is to identify markers that predict progression to malignancy. PMID:23549397

  17. Heat Transfer in High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran

    2002-01-01

    The combined radiation/conduction heat transfer in high-porosity, high-temperature fibrous insulations was investigated experimentally and numerically. The effective thermal conductivity of fibrous insulation samples was measured over the temperature range of 300-1300 K and environmental pressure range of 1.33 x 10(exp -5)-101.32 kPa. The fibrous insulation samples tested had nominal densities of 24, 48, and 72 kilograms per cubic meter and thicknesses of 13.3, 26.6 and 39.9 millimeters. Seven samples were tested such that the applied heat flux vector was aligned with local gravity vector to eliminate natural convection as a mode of heat transfer. Two samples were tested with reverse orientation to investigate natural convection effects. It was determined that for the fibrous insulation densities and thicknesses investigated no heat transfer takes place through natural convection. A finite volume numerical model was developed to solve the governing combined radiation and conduction heat transfer equations. Various methods of modeling the gas/solid conduction interaction in fibrous insulations were investigated. The radiation heat transfer was modeled using the modified two-flux approximation assuming anisotropic scattering and gray medium. A genetic-algorithm based parameter estimation technique was utilized with this model to determine the relevant radiative properties of the fibrous insulation over the temperature range of 300-1300 K. The parameter estimation was performed by least square minimization of the difference between measured and predicted values of effective thermal conductivity at a density of 24 kilograms per cubic meters and at nominal pressures of 1.33 x 10(exp -4) and 99.98 kPa. The numerical model was validated by comparison with steady-state effective thermal conductivity measurements at other densities and pressures. The numerical model was also validated by comparison with a transient thermal test simulating reentry aerodynamic heating

  18. Reactive fibrous hyperplasia associated with a natal tooth.

    PubMed

    Singh, S; Subba Reddy, V V; Dhananjaya, G; Patil, R

    2004-01-01

    A natal tooth is that which is present in the oral cavity at the time of birth. Fibrous hyperplasia is a non-specific reactive lesion of soft tissues of unknown etiology usually associated with trauma or local irritation. Natal teeth can occur as an isolated dental finding, but many times they are associated wilh syndromes and developmental disturbances. This is a rare case, where in a natal tooth has led to the formation of a reactive fibrous hyperplasia in a four and half month old infant, a relationship not reported previously.

  19. Interfacial Micromechanics in Fibrous Composites: Design, Evaluation, and Models

    PubMed Central

    Lei, Zhenkun; Li, Xuan; Qin, Fuyong; Qiu, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances of interfacial micromechanics in fiber reinforced composites using micro-Raman spectroscopy are given. The faced mechanical problems for interface design in fibrous composites are elaborated from three optimization ways: material, interface, and computation. Some reasons are depicted that the interfacial evaluation methods are difficult to guarantee the integrity, repeatability, and consistency. Micro-Raman study on the fiber interface failure behavior and the main interface mechanical problems in fibrous composites are summarized, including interfacial stress transfer, strength criterion of interface debonding and failure, fiber bridging, frictional slip, slip transition, and friction reloading. The theoretical models of above interface mechanical problems are given. PMID:24977189

  20. Interfacial micromechanics in fibrous composites: design, evaluation, and models.

    PubMed

    Lei, Zhenkun; Li, Xuan; Qin, Fuyong; Qiu, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances of interfacial micromechanics in fiber reinforced composites using micro-Raman spectroscopy are given. The faced mechanical problems for interface design in fibrous composites are elaborated from three optimization ways: material, interface, and computation. Some reasons are depicted that the interfacial evaluation methods are difficult to guarantee the integrity, repeatability, and consistency. Micro-Raman study on the fiber interface failure behavior and the main interface mechanical problems in fibrous composites are summarized, including interfacial stress transfer, strength criterion of interface debonding and failure, fiber bridging, frictional slip, slip transition, and friction reloading. The theoretical models of above interface mechanical problems are given.

  1. Non-steady-state aerosol filtration in nanostructured fibrous media.

    PubMed

    Przekop, Rafal; Gradoń, Leon

    2011-06-28

    The filtration of aerosol particles using composites of nano- and microsized fibrous structures is a promising method for the effective separation of nanoparticles from gases. A multi-scale physical system describing the flow pattern and particle deposition at a non-steady-state condition requires an advanced method of modelling. The combination of lattice Boltzmann and Brownian dynamics was used for analysis of the particle deposition pattern in a fibrous system. The dendritic structures of deposits for neutral and charged fibres and particles are present. The efficiency of deposition, deposit morphology, porosity and fractal dimension were calculated for a selected operational condition of the process.

  2. Denture-induced fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia (epulis fissuratum): research aspects.

    PubMed

    Thomas, G A

    1993-01-01

    Denture-induced fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia (FIH) is a common lesion of the oral mucosa which can be treated by either surgical excision, conservative methods or both combined. Clinical aspects are briefly reviewed and a newer conservative approach to treatment is suggested. This is based on the observation that light pressure using soft lining materials may facilitate shrinkage of the fibrous mass. The histopathogenesis is discussed from the view point of the modern technologies of immunocytochemistry, and digital image analysis. The recent development of a microwave instrument with sophisticated control of power and temperature is discussed and its use in the field of histotechnology outlined.

  3. Kinetics of adsorption with granular, powdered, and fibrous activated carbon

    SciTech Connect

    Shmidt, J.L.; Pimenov, A.V.; Lieberman, A.I.; Cheh, H.Y.

    1997-08-01

    The properties of three different types of activated carbon, fibrous, powdered, and granular, were investigated theoretically and experimentally. The adsorption rate of the activated carbon fiber was found to be two orders of magnitude higher than that of the granular activated carbon, and one order of magnitude higher than that of the powdered activated carbon. Diffusion coefficients of methylene blue in the fibrous, powdered, and granular activated carbons were determined experimentally. A new method for estimating the meso- and macropore surface areas in these carbons was proposed.

  4. [Effects of damage and post-radiation reparation of cornea epithelium cells chromosomal apparatus in mice following irradiation by protons with the energy of 25 MeV].

    PubMed

    2012-01-01

    Damage and post-radiation reparation processes were studied in cornea epithelium cells of mice irradiated by protons with the energy of 25 MeV and 60Co gamma-rays singly and in 2 fractions. Protons linear energy transfer (LET) was equal to 2.1 keV/microm, dose rate - 0.5 cGy/s. Animals were irradiated singly by 25 and 750 cGy and doubly (25 + 25; 50 + 50; 125 + 125; 250 + 250 cGy) with a 24-hr interval. Investigations were performed in 24, 72 and 120 hrs. after single and in 24 hrs. after double irradiation. Preparations were analyzed with the anaphase technique. 25 MeV protons were shown to cause more severe damages to the chromosomal apparatus in mammal cells including dramatic suppression of cell division and profuse formation of cells with aberrant mitoses as compared with gamma-induced damages. Exchange-type aberrations were more frequent. There was a reliable decrease of the aberrant mitosis rate in consequence of fractionated irradiation by 25 MeV protons and gamma-rays. On passing 24, 72 and 120 hours, coefficients of relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 25 MeV protons were equal to 1.4 +/- 0.2; 1.3 +/- 0.1; 1.2 +/- 0.1 for the mitotic index and 1.5 +/- 0.1; 1.3 +/- 0.2; 1.1 +/- 0.1 for aberrant mitosis, respectively.

  5. Effectiveness of guaraná (Paullinia cupana) for postradiation fatigue and depression: results of a pilot double-blind randomized study.

    PubMed

    da Costa Miranda, Vanessa; Trufelli, Damila Cristina; Santos, Juliana; Campos, Maíra Paschoin; Nobuo, Melissa; da Costa Miranda, Michele; Schlinder, Fernanda; Riechelmann, Rachel; del Giglio, Auro

    2009-04-01

    Guaraná (Paullinia cupana) has been used medicinally for centuries. The aim of this study is evaluate the effectiveness of guaraná in the treatment of postradiation depression and fatigue. This study had a double-blind randomized design with crossover between experimental arms, at Faculdade de Medicina da Fundação do ABC. We conducted a randomized double-blind crossover trial with 36 patients with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant radiation therapy. We randomized patients to either guaraná 75 mg daily p.o. or to placebo. Patients were switched to the other experimental arm at the middle of the radiation treatment, which consisted of 28 daily fractions of 180 cGy. Evaluations were conducted at the beginning, at the middle, and at the end of radiation therapy. We were unable to show any statistically significant differences between the guaraná and the placebo-treated group with any of the measured scores. Also, within the same group, we did not see any statistically significant associations during either the guaraná- or placebo-treated periods with any of the aforementioned measures. We were unable to show that patients with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy derive any advantage with guaraná over placebo for both fatigue and depressive symptoms.

  6. F-18 FDG PET/CT and Tc-99m sulfur colloid SPECT imaging in the diagnosis and treatment of a case of dual solitary fibrous tumors of the retroperitoneum and pancreas.

    PubMed

    Azadi, Javad; Subhawong, Andrea; Durand, Daniel James

    2012-03-01

    Although FDG PET is increasingly used for the staging of many types of sarcoma, little has been written regarding the FDG PET imaging characteristics of solitary fibrous tumor. We report a patient undergoing FDG PET/CT surveillance for squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue who was incidentally found to have two soft tissue masses in the retroperitoneum and pancreatic tail. Due to their low degree of FDG avidity, they were followed conservatively for approximately one year as they gradually increased in size. Technetium-99m sulfur colloid SPECT helped confirm that the pancreatic tail mass was not a splenule, after which both lesions were surgically resected and found to be extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors without malignant features. These findings suggest that, as with other low-grade sarcomas, benign extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors exhibit relatively little glycolytic metabolism in vivo.

  7. Use of Zoledronic Acid in Paediatric Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Rossin, Sara; Divisic, Antuan; De Gregorio, Alesandra; Agosto, Caterina; Catalano, Igor; Mazza, Alessandro; Sartori, Leonardo; Benini, Franca

    2016-01-01

    We describe a case of a paediatric patient affected by mandibular fibrous dysplasia (FD) with severe and chronic pain who was successfully treated with zoledronic acid (ZOL): a third-generation bisphosphonate. Further research is needed to assess its safety and efficacy as a treatment option for FD in the paediatric population. PMID:27747122

  8. Localized fibrous mesothelioma of pleura following external ionizing radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Bilbey, J.H.; Mueller, N.L.M.; Miller, R.R.; Nelems, B.

    1988-12-01

    Carcinogenesis is a well-known complication of radiation exposure. Ionizing radiation also leads to an increased incidence of benign tumors. A 36-year-old woman had a localized fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura and an ipsilateral breast carcinoma 23 years after receiving external radiation therapy for treatment of a chest wall keloid.

  9. An improved automotive brake lining using fibrous potassium titanate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mansfield, J. A.; Halberstadt, M. L.; Riccitiello, S. R.; Rhee, S. K.

    1976-01-01

    Simultaneous fade reduction and wear improvement of a commercial automotive brake lining were achieved by adding fibrous potassium titanate. The dependence of friction and wear characteristics on quantitative variations in potassium titanate, asbestos, phenolic binder, and organic and inorganic modifiers was evaluated.

  10. Air-breakdown charging mechanism of fibrous polytetrafluoroethylene films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Z.; von Seggern, H.

    2005-07-01

    Recently air-breakdown phenomena have gained increasing interest with respect to porous electrets for use as piezoelectric polymers. A strong discrepancy between porous (closed-porous) polypropylene and fibrous (open-porous) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) has been recognized concerning the obtainable polarization and the related piezoelectric d33 coefficients. The present study aims to clarify the reasons for a poor charge separation ability of fibrous materials when exposed to electrical breakdown in its air voids. Therefore air-breakdown phenomenon of 91% fibrous PTFE films has been studied in detail, utilizing a corona triode for voltage application. At sufficient surface potential air breakdown sets in at an average field strength of 11.7MV/m, which corresponds to the value expected by Paschen breakdown in air. For higher applied voltages and therewith higher electric-field strengths in the film, the current generated by such electrical breakdown limits the maximum obtainable surface potential. It will be shown that this limitation is caused by a "breakdown-induced conductivity," which increases with increasing grid voltage. Such breakdown-induced conductivity hinders the formation of a large internal polarization by mutual charge compensation and therewith accounts for the obtainable low piezoelectric d33 coefficients in fibrous materials.

  11. Researching Fiber Networks: Computational Modeling of Complex Fibrous Tissue Geometries.

    PubMed

    Makarov, Sergey; Pascual Leone, Alvero; Nummenmaa, Aapo

    2017-01-01

    Many types of human tissue-such as the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and muscles, including the heart muscle-are fibrous in nature. Isotropic human models that assume homogeneous volumes for every individual tissue do not properly take this into account.

  12. Transarterial Onyx Embolization of an Orbital Solitary Fibrous Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Hashemi, Nafiseh; Ling, Jeanie D.; Soparkar, Charles; Sami, Mirwat; Ellezam, Benjamin; Klucznik, Richard; Lee, Andrew G.; Chévez-Barrios, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm sometimes found in the orbit. We report a case of an aggressive orbital SFT with enlarged feeding vessels that was successfully resected immediately after transarterial embolization with Onyx (ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer). To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the histopathology of Onyx embolization material in an orbital SFT. PMID:27171911

  13. Fatty metamorphosis and other patterns in fibrous dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Shidham, Vinod B; Chavan, Ashwini; Rao, R Nagarjun; Komorowski, Richard A; Asma, Zeenath

    2003-01-01

    Background Interpretation of small biopsy fragments from suspected lesions of fibrous dysplasia with unusual clinical and / or radiological features may be challenging due to wide histomorphological spectrum of stromal appearances. Awareness of these variations should improve diagnostic confidence. Methods We retrospectively studied 26 cases of fibrous dysplasia (F- 19, M- 7; Ages ranged from 10 to 53 years) with confirmed diagnosis. The sites of the lesions were skull bones (9), humerus (1), femur (8), tibia (2), fibula (3), talus (1), mandible (1), and maxilla (1). Results Different stromal patterns, variably admixed with the classical pattern, were observed in 58%(15/26) of the cases. 20%(3/15) of these had more than one pattern. Focal fatty metamorphosis as groups of fat cells in the central portion of the lesion in the stroma of fibrous dysplasia between osseous trabeculae was observed in 23%(6/26) cases. Other patterns included myxoid stroma in 16%(4/26), collagenization of stroma in 12%(3/26), stroma rich pattern (with paucity of trabeculae) in 12%(3/26), foci of few foam cells in 23% (6/26), and calcified spherules in 12%(3/26). Focal osteoblastic rimming of trabeculae was observed only in 4%(1/26). Conclusions Various stromal variations and previously unreported fatty metamorphosis were frequently observed in fibrous dysplasia. PMID:12946277

  14. Electrospinning of caseinates to create protective fibrous mats

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers on the micron- or nano-scale from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods and allowing for the preservation and controlled release of bioactives for healt...

  15. Fibrous dysplasia-like tumor of the lacrimal sac.

    PubMed

    Scott, Garrett R; Frueh, Bartley R; Flint, Andrew; Elner, Victor M

    2008-01-01

    A 75-year-old woman developed epiphora and a slowly enlarging right medial canthal mass for 1 year. CT revealed a mass with ground-glass radiodensity and hazy borders in the lacrimal sac. At external dacryocystorhinostomy, a tan, gritty, spherical mass was easily removed from the sac lumen. Histopathologic characteristics were typical of fibrous dysplasia. The postoperative course was uneventful.

  16. Electrospinning of caseinates to create protective fibrous mats

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    JUSTIFICATION Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers with diameters on the micron- or nano-scales from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods, improving food quality and allowing for the prese...

  17. Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The hides and leather industry has been facing a serious challenge in the disposal of solid wastes such as trimmings and lime-splits. One strategy to solve this problem is to convert these wastes into useful fibrous products and green composites. Therefore research is needed to investigate the pre...

  18. Thermal protection studies of plastic films and fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saad, Michel A.; Altman, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    The thermal protection properties of various film and woven materials were studied using an experimental method of radiant heating. The materials studied included aluminized and unaluminized synthetic plastic films and fibrous materials like silicon carbide and phenolic novolac. It is shown that a thin metallized coating with good reflectivity significantly enhances the heat blocking capability of a variety of insulative materials.

  19. Thermal protection studies of plastic films and fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saad, Michel A.; Altman, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    The thermal protection properties of various film and woven materials were studied using an experimental method of radiant heating. The materials studied included aluminized and unaluminized synthetic plastic films and fibrous materials like silicon carbide and phenolic novolac. It is shown that a thin metallized coating with good reflectivity significantly enhances the heat blocking capability of a variety of insulative materials.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumors in abdomen and pelvis: imaging characteristics and radiologic-pathologic correlation.

    PubMed

    Li, Xue-Ming; Reng, Jing; Zhou, Peng; Cao, Ying; Cheng, Zhu-Zhong; Xiao, Yan; Xu, Guo-Hui

    2014-05-07

    To describe the imaging features of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) in the abdomen and pelvis, and the clinical and pathologic correlations. Fifteen patients with pathologically confirmed SFTs in the abdomen and pelvis were retrospectively studied with imaging techniques by two radiologists in consensus. Patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced imaging, as follows: 3 with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, 8 with CT examination only, and 4 with MRI examination only. Image characteristics such as size, shape, margin, attenuation or intensity, and pattern of enhancement were analyzed and correlated with the microscopic findings identified from surgical specimens. In addition, patient demographics, presentation, and outcomes were recorded. Of the 15 patients evaluated, local symptoms related to the mass were found in 11 cases at admission. The size of the mass ranged from 3.4 to 25.1 cm (mean, 11.5 cm). Nine cases were round or oval, 6 were lobulated, and 10 displaced adjacent organs. Unenhanced CT revealed a heterogeneous isodense mass in 7 cases, homogeneous isodense mass in 3 cases, and punctuated calcification in one case. On MRI, most of the lesions (6/7) were heterogeneous isointense and heterogeneous hyperintense on T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images, respectively. All tumors showed moderate to marked enhancement. Heterogeneous enhancement was revealed in 11 lesions, and 7 of these had cysts, necrosis, or hemorrhage. Early nonuniform enhancement with a radial area that proved to be a fibrous component was observed in 4 lesions, which showed progressive enhancement in the venous and delayed phase. No statistical difference in the imaging findings was observed between the histologically benign and malignant lesions. Three patients had local recurrence or metastasis at follow-up. Abdominal and pelvic SFTs commonly appeared as large, solid, well-defined, hypervascular masses with variable degrees of necrosis

  1. Piezoelectric-assisted removal of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the mandible: an innovative technique for prevention of dentoalveolar nerve injury.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Maximilian E H; Rana, Majeed; Traenkenschuh, Wolfgang; Kokemueller, Horst; Eckardt, André M; Gellrich, Nils-Claudius

    2011-10-31

    In this article, we present our experience with a piezoelectric-assisted surgical device by resection of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the mandible.A 41 year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of slowly progressive right buccal swelling. After further radiographic diagnosis surgical removal of the yellowish-white mass was performed. Histologic analysis showed proliferating histiocytic cells with foamy, granular cytoplasm and no signs of malignancy. The tumor was positive for CD68 and vimentin in immunohistochemical staining. Therefore the tumor was diagnosed as primary benign fibrous histiocytoma. This work provides a new treatment device for benign mandibular tumour disease. By using a novel piezoelectric-assisted cutting device, protection of the dentoalveolar nerve could be achieved.

  2. Diagnostic pitfalls associated with fine-needle aspiration biopsy in a patient with the myxoid variant of monophasic fibrous synovial sarcoma.

    PubMed

    Bergman, Simon; Brownlee, Noel A; Geisinger, Kim R; Ward, William G; Pettenati, Mark J; Koty, Patrick; Ellis, Ezra; Beaty, Michael W; Kilpatrick, Scott E

    2006-11-01

    Synovial sarcoma (SS) is one of the most common soft tissue tumors that typically presents in the extremities of young adults, but may occur at any site and affect children during the first decade. Herein we discuss a 12-yr-old male who complained of left foot pain and plantar mass. A fine-needle aspiration biopsy of an 8 cm subcutaneous mass was performed revealing a myxoid spindle cell neoplasm. The cytologic differential diagnosis included a myxoid neurofibroma, neurothekeoma, and a myxoid sarcoma. Subsequent excision of the mass revealed a monophasic fibrous SS with myxoid features. Examination of the tissue by fluorescence in situ hybridization confirmed the presence of characteristic SS SYT gene rearrangement at chromosome 18q11.2. This case underscores that the cytologic distinction of mxyoid spindle cell tumors may be challenging. We report the cytologic features of a myxoid monophasic fibrous SS, and discuss its distinction from other benign and malignant myxoid soft tissue neoplasms.

  3. Piezoelectric-assisted removal of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the mandible: An innovative technique for prevention of dentoalveolar nerve injury

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we present our experience with a piezoelectric-assisted surgical device by resection of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the mandible. A 41 year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of slowly progressive right buccal swelling. After further radiographic diagnosis surgical removal of the yellowish-white mass was performed. Histologic analysis showed proliferating histiocytic cells with foamy, granular cytoplasm and no signs of malignancy. The tumor was positive for CD68 and vimentin in immunohistochemical staining. Therefore the tumor was diagnosed as primary benign fibrous histiocytoma. This work provides a new treatment device for benign mandibular tumour disease. By using a novel piezoelectric-assisted cutting device, protection of the dentoalveolar nerve could be achieved. PMID:22040611

  4. Vasculitis associated with malignancy.

    PubMed

    Mertz, L E; Conn, D L

    1992-02-01

    A large variety of vasculopathic syndromes are uncommonly associated with malignancies. Vasculitis is usually manifested by skin lesions and is generally associated with hematologic malignancies rather than solid tumors. Evidence of autoantibodies, immune complexes, and complement consumption is typically absent. Myelodysplastic syndromes can be confidently linked to vasculitis on the basis of recent literature. The temporal relationship of malignancy to vasculitis development is variable except that vasculitis generally follows the discovery of hairy cell leukemia and splenectomy. Vasculitis may occasionally be a complication of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and bone marrow transplantation. Occasionally, malignant disorders may mimic vasculitic syndromes. The etiopathogenesis of vasculitis in patients with malignant disorders is unknown. The recent literature on vasculitis and malignancy addresses predominantly case reports and small patient cohorts and identifies clinical characteristics rather than pathogenic mechanisms.

  5. Direct Numerical Simulation of Liquid Transport Through Fibrous Porous Media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palakurthi, Nikhil Kumar

    Fluid flow through fibrous media occurs in many industrial processes, including, but not limited, to fuel cell technology, drug delivery patches, sanitary products, textile reinforcement, filtration, heat exchangers, and performance fabrics. Understanding the physical processes involved in fluid flow through fibrous media is essential for their characterization as well as for the optimization and development of new products. Macroscopic porous-media equations require constitutive relations, which account for the physical processes occurring at the micro-scale, to predict liquid transport at the macro-scale. In this study, micro-scale simulations were conducted using conventional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique (finite-volume method) to determine the macroscopic constitutive relations. The first part of this thesis deals with the single-phase flow in fibrous media, following which multi-phase flow through fibrous media was studied. Darcy permeability is an important parameter that characterizes creeping flow through a fibrous porous medium. It has a complex dependence on the medium's properties such as fibers' in-plane and through-plane orientation, diameter, aspect ratio, curvature, and porosity. A suite of 3D virtual fibrous structures with a wide range of geometric properties were constructed, and the permeability values of the structures were calculated by solving the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The through-plane permeability was found to be a function of only the fiber diameter, the fibers' through-plane orientation, and the porosity of the medium. The numerical results were used to extend a permeability-porosity relation, developed in literature for 3D isotropic fibrous media, to a wide range of fibers' through-plane orientations. In applications where rate of capillary penetration is important, characterization of porous media usually involves determination of either the effective pore radius from capillary penetration experiments

  6. Pediatric Salivary Gland Malignancies.

    PubMed

    Ord, Robert A; Carlson, Eric R

    2016-02-01

    Pediatric malignant salivary gland tumors are extremely rare. The percentage of malignant tumors is higher than that seen in adults, although the outcomes in terms of survival are better in pediatric patients. The mainstay of treatment is surgical excision with negative margins. This article reviews current concepts in demographics, etiology, management, and outcomes of malignant salivary tumors in children. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Restrictive lung disease and cor pulmonale secondary to polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Narayan, Rajeev L; Maldjian, Pierre D

    2009-01-09

    Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is a rare benign pathological condition of bone in which proliferation of fibrous and osteoid elements results in expansile deformities of the skeleton. We present a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in a young man in whom the severe deformities of the chest wall and spine produced restrictive lung disease, cor pulmonale and respiratory failure.

  8. Rheumatic Diseases and Malignancies

    PubMed Central

    BOJINCA, Violeta; JANTA, Iustina

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT There are many studies which demonstrate a higher risk for malignancy in patients with rheumatic diseases. There have been a number of possible explanations for the differences in the risk of certain malignancies in patients with rheumatic disease, compared with general population, but a clear mechanism is difficult to identify. Rheumatoid syndromes may be associated with malignancy as paraneoplastic conditions, which can antedate the neoplasm diagnosis. On the other hand, autoimmune rheumatic diseases have a higher risk of malignancy by themselves or because of the immunosuppressant treatments. PMID:23482881

  9. Malignant Vagal Paraganglioma.

    PubMed

    Hamersley, Erin R S; Barrows, Amy; Perez, Angel; Schroeder, Ashley; Castle, James T

    2016-06-01

    Paragangliomas are rare, typically benign neuroendocrine tumors that represent a small portion of head and neck tumors. A small percentage of these are known to have malignant potential. They arise from the carotid body, jugular bulb or vagus nerves. There is limited literature discussing the management of malignant vagal paragangliomas. We present a case of a 25 year old female with a left malignant vagal paraganglioma. The following case presentation will describe the presentation, classic radiologic findings, and management of a malignant vagal paraganglioma along with a review of the literature.

  10. Post-radiation fibrosarcoma of the cerebrum associated with a prominent, lace-like, perivascular, desmoplastic change.

    PubMed

    Shintaku, Masayuki; Adachi, Yasushi; Takeuchi, Yasuhide; Yamamoto, Daisuke; Koyama, Junji

    2016-04-01

    An intra-axial tumor measuring about 4 cm was excised from the right temporal lobe of a 35-year-old woman, who had a past history of resection of craniopharyngioma and postoperative radiation 21 years earlier. The tumor involved both the cortex and white matter, but was not attached to the dura mater. It consisted of a dense, interlacing, fascicular proliferation of atypical fibroblastic cells and was associated with an extensive, lace-like, desmoplastic change mainly involving the perivascular region around the tumor and overlying the subarachnoid space. The histopathological features of the desmoplastic change resembled meningioangiomatosis, but no proliferation of meningothelial cells was noted. The patient has been free from recurrence for 12 months since the operation. The association of primary cerebral fibrosarcoma with an extensive, lace-like, perivascular, desmoplastic change has not been documented in the literature. The radiation administered 21 years previously may have played some pathogenetic role in the perivascular desmoplastic change, and a malignant transformation of fibroblasts within the perivascular collagenous tissue is considered the most likely origin of the fibrosarcoma. © 2015 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.

  11. [Investigation of the processes of post-radiation reparation of the corneal epithelium cells of mice irradiated by helium ions with various LET values].

    PubMed

    Vorozhtsova, S V; Fedorenko, S B; Shafirkin, A V; Chikhladze, Ts A

    2008-01-01

    Biological effectiveness and post-radiation recovery of corneal epithelium cells of mice were studied. Mice were exposed to a broad range of doses from accelerated helium ions with the energy of 4 MeV/nucleon and 4 GeV/nucleon once and twice with a 24-hr. interval. LET values for these energies were 120 and 0.88 keV/microm, respectively. Gamma-source 137Cs (LET = 0.3 keV/microm) was used as a radiation standard. Animals irradiated by 25-400 sGy were sacrificed in 24 and 72 hrs. by way of cervical dislocation. Total corneal preparations made from enucleated eyeballs were analyzed for the mitotic index and aberrant mitoses using the anaphase method. High damaging properties of accelerated helium ions with the energy of 4 MeV/nucleon were manifested by a considerable reduction of the mitotic index and a more marked rise in the number of aberrant mitoses following the single and repeated exposure. Fractional irradiation by helium ions with the energy of 4 MeV/nucleon resulted in inhibition and even arrest of reparation suggesting additivity of separate radiation fractions. From the dose values that produced the double reduction of the mitotic index, coefficients of the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for helium ions with the energy of 4 MeV/nucleon and 4 GeV/nucleon were estimated to be 5.3-8.6 and 1.3-1.8, respectively. In the context of the number of aberrant mitoses, RBE coefficients were significantly lower ranging 2.3-3.5 and 1.1-1.3 for these energies, respectively.

  12. Bronchial malignant melanoma.

    PubMed

    Weshler, Z; Sulkes, A; Kopolovitch, J; Leviatan, A; Shifrin, E

    1980-01-01

    We describe a case of malignant melanoma presenting initially as an endobronchial lesion located in the left main bronchus causing total atelectasis. This resolved with radiation therapy. Widespread metastases developed shortly thereafter. The differential diagnosis of primary and metastatic bronchial malignant melanoma is discussed. Other isolated case reports are reviewed.

  13. Malignant tumors —

    Cancer.gov

    Main criteria for malignancy include size over 5 mm in diameter, invasion of airways, blood or lymphatic vessels, regional and distant metastasis, and ability to grow upon transplantation. Nuclear and cellular atypia, and loss of architecture should be considered as ancillary criteria for defining malignancy.

  14. Development of flame resistant treatment for Nomex fibrous structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Toy, M. S.

    1977-01-01

    Flame resistant fibrous materials for space shuttle application were developed through chemical modification of commercially available aromatic polyamide fibrous products. The new surface treatment was achieved in the laboratory by ultraviolet activation of the fabric in the presence of fluoroolefin monomers and a diluent gas. The monomers grafted under these conditions provide the improved properties of the fabric in flame resistance, chemical inertness, and nonwettability without the sacrifice of color or physical properties. The laboratory reaction vessel was scaled-up to a batch continuous process, which treats ten yards of the commercial width textiles. The treated commercial width Nomex (HT-10-41) from the scaled-up reactor is self-extinguishing in an oxygen-enriched environment, water-repellent, soft, silky, and improved in chemical resistance. Unlike most textile processes, the grafting unit operates under dry conditions and no chemical by-products have to be washed out of the finished product.

  15. The surgical management of fibrous dysplasia of bone

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    The surgical management of Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia (FD) of bone is technically demanding. The most effective methods to manage the associated bone deformity remain unclear. The marked variation in the degree and pattern of bone involvement has made it difficult to acquire data to guide the surgeon’s approach to these patients. In light of the paucity of data, but need for guidance, recognized experts in the management of these patients came together at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland as part of an International meeting to address issues related to fibrous dysplasia of bone to discuss and refine their recommendations regarding the surgical indications and preferred methods for the management of these challenging patients. The specific challenges, recommended approaches, and “lessons learned” are presented in hopes that surgeons faced with typical deformities can be guided in the surgical reconstruction of both children and adults with FD. PMID:22640754

  16. An endochronic theory for transversely isotropic fibrous composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pindera, M. J.; Herakovich, C. T.

    1981-01-01

    A rational methodology of modelling both nonlinear and elastic dissipative response of transversely isotropic fibrous composites is developed and illustrated with the aid of the observed response of graphite-polyimide off-axis coupons. The methodology is based on the internal variable formalism employed within the text of classical irreversible thermodynamics and entails extension of Valanis' endochronic theory to transversely isotropic media. Applicability of the theory to prediction of various response characteristics of fibrous composites is illustrated by accurately modelling such often observed phenomena as: stiffening reversible behavior along fiber direction; dissipative response in shear and transverse tension characterized by power-laws with different hardening exponents; permanent strain accumulation; nonlinear unloading and reloading; and stress-interaction effects.

  17. Electrospun Fibrous Membranes with Super-large-strain Electric Superhydrophobicity

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Hua; Wang, Hongxia; Niu, Haitao; Lin, Tong

    2015-01-01

    Large-strain elastic superhydrophobicity is highly desirable for its enhanced use performance and functional reliability in mechanically dynamic environments, but remains challenging to develop. Here we have, for the first time, proven that an elastic fibrous membrane after surface hydrophobization can maintain superhydrophobicity during one-directional (uniaxial) stretching to a strain as high as 1500% and two-direction (biaxial) stretching to a strain up to 700%. The fibrous membrane can withstand at least 1,000 cycles of repeated stretching without losing the superhydrophobicity. Stretching slightly increases the membrane air permeability and reduces water breakthrough pressure. It is highly stable in acid and base environments. Such a permeable, highly-elastic superhydrophobic membrane may open up novel applications in membrane separation, healthcare, functional textile and energy fields. PMID:26511520

  18. Solitary fibrous tumor of the parotid gland: Case report

    PubMed Central

    Sousa, Alexandre A.; Souto, Giovanna R.; Sousa, Isabela A.; Mesquita, Ricardo A.; Gomez, Ricardo S.

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that usually develops in the pleura and peritoneum. The head and neck region is involved in only 6% of the cases. Involvement of the parotid gland is a rare phenomenon, with only 24 cases reported in the literature. The aim of this study is to report an additional case of SFT affecting the parotid gland, and to review the literature on previously reported cases. The patient was a 42-year-old male with a 4-cm, fibro-elastic, movable, painless nodule in the inferior lobe of the parotid gland. The lesion was surgically excised and, following histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis, a diagnosis of SFT was rendered. The patient has been followed-up for ten months, with no signs of recurrence. Clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and treatment aspects of the tumor are discussed. Key words:Solitary fibrous tumor, parotid gland, case report. PMID:24455083

  19. Some Fundamental Molecular Mechanisms of Contractility in Fibrous Macromolecules

    PubMed Central

    Mandelkern, L.

    1967-01-01

    The fundamental molecular mechanisms of contractility and tension development in fibrous macromolecules are developed from the point of view of the principles of polymer physical chemistry. The problem is treated in a general manner to encompass the behavior of all macromolecular systems irrespective of their detailed chemical structure and particular function, if any. Primary attention is given to the contractile process which accompanies the crystal-liquid transition in axially oriented macromolecular systems. The theoretical nature of the process is discussed, and many experimental examples are given from the literature which demonstrate the expected behavior. Experimental attention is focused on the contraction of fibrous proteins, and the same underlying molecular mechanism is shown to be operative for a variety of different systems. PMID:6050598

  20. Fibrous dysplasia of bone: craniofacial and dental implications.

    PubMed

    Burke, A B; Collins, M T; Boyce, A M

    2016-08-05

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare bone disease caused by postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the GNAS gene, which lead to constitutive activation of adenylyl cyclase and elevated levels of cyclic AMP, which act on downstream signaling pathways and cause normal bone to be replaced with fibrous tissue and abnormal (woven) bone. The bone disease may occur in one bone (monostotic), multiple bones (polyostotic), or in combination with hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies and hyperpigmented skin lesions (in the setting of McCune-Albright Syndrome). FD is common in the craniofacial skeleton, causing significant dysmorphic features, bone pain, and dental anomalies. This review summarizes the pathophysiology, clinical findings, and treatment of FD, with an emphasis on the craniofacial and oral manifestations of the disease.

  1. Chemical and physicochemical characterization of agrowaste fibrous materials and residues.

    PubMed

    Kuan, Yau-Hoong; Liong, Min-Tze

    2008-10-08

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical, physicochemical, and functional properties of agrowastes derived from okara ( Glycine max), corn cob ( Zea mays sp.), wheat straw ( Triticum sp.), and rice husk ( Oryza sativa) for potential applications in foods. The fibrous materials (FM) were treated with alkali to yield fibrous residues (FR). Rice husk contained the highest ash content (FM, 8.56%; FR, 9.04%) and lowest lightness in color (FM, 67.63; FR, 63.46), possibly due to the abundance of mineral constituents. Corn cob contained the highest amount of soluble dietary fiber (SDF), whereas okara had the highest total dietary fiber (TDF). The high dietary fiber fractions of corn cob and okara also contributed to the highest water- and oil-holding capacities, emulsifying activities, and emulsion stabilities for both FM and FR samples. These results indicate that these agrowastes could be utilized as functional ingredients in foods.

  2. Radiotherapy of spontaneous fibrous connective-tissue sarcomas in animals.

    PubMed

    Hilmas, D E; Gillette, E L

    1976-02-01

    The clinical records and follow-up data obtained over 13 years on the results of radiotherapy of spontaneous fibrous connective-tissue sarcomas in dogs, cats, and horses were reviewed. The results obtained from the treatment of fibrosarcomas and sarcoids of horses indicated that radiation administered with 60Co is important in the medical and surgical management of these tumors. Fibrous connective-tissue sarcomas in horses were radioresponsive. When radiotherapy was applied postoperatively, the probability of a 2-year cure approached 50% for all prescribed radiation doses of less than 2,000 to greater than 4,000 rads. If radiation doses of 4,500-6,000 rads were used, a 2-year cure rate may approach or exceed 60%.

  3. Solitary fibrous tumor of the parotid gland: Case report.

    PubMed

    Sousa, Alexandre A; Souto, Giovanna R; Sousa, Isabela A; Mesquita, Ricardo A; Gomez, Ricardo S; Jham, Bruno C

    2013-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that usually develops in the pleura and peritoneum. The head and neck region is involved in only 6% of the cases. Involvement of the parotid gland is a rare phenomenon, with only 24 cases reported in the literature. The aim of this study is to report an additional case of SFT affecting the parotid gland, and to review the literature on previously reported cases. The patient was a 42-year-old male with a 4-cm, fibro-elastic, movable, painless nodule in the inferior lobe of the parotid gland. The lesion was surgically excised and, following histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis, a diagnosis of SFT was rendered. The patient has been followed-up for ten months, with no signs of recurrence. Clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and treatment aspects of the tumor are discussed. Key words:Solitary fibrous tumor, parotid gland, case report.

  4. General Information about Malignant Mesothelioma

    MedlinePlus

    ... form in the lining of the chest or abdomen. Malignant mesothelioma is a disease in which malignant ( ... that examine the inside of the chest and abdomen are used to detect (find) and diagnose malignant ...

  5. Wearable double-twisted fibrous perovskite solar cell.

    PubMed

    Li, Ru; Xiang, Xi; Tong, Xiao; Zou, Jingyun; Li, Qingwen

    2015-07-01

    Wearable double-twisted fibrous perovskite solar cells are developed based on flexible carbon nanotube fiber electrodes, which exhibit a maximum power conversion efficiency of 3.03% and bending stability larger than 1000 cycles, and maintain 89% efficiency after 96 h in ambient conditions if sealed by a transparent polymer layer. The obtained superior performance can shed light on future self-powering e-textiles. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Method of intercalating large quantities of fibrous structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaier, James R. (Inventor)

    1991-01-01

    A method of intercalating large quantities of fibrous structures uses a rotatable reaction chamber containing a liquid phase intercalate. The intercalate liquid phase is controlled by appropriately heating, cooling, or pressurizing the reaction. Rotation of the chamber containing the fiber sample enables total submergence of the fiber during intercalation. Intercalated graphite fibers having metal-like resistivities are achieved and are conceivably useful as electrical conductors.

  7. Elastic-plastic behavior of non-woven fibrous mats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silberstein, Meredith N.; Pai, Chia-Ling; Rutledge, Gregory C.; Boyce, Mary C.

    2012-02-01

    Electrospinning is a novel method for creating non-woven polymer mats that have high surface area and high porosity. These attributes make them ideal candidates for multifunctional composites. Understanding the mechanical properties as a function of fiber properties and mat microstructure can aid in designing these composites. Further, a constitutive model which captures the membrane stress-strain behavior as a function of fiber properties and the geometry of the fibrous network would be a powerful design tool. Here, mats electrospun from amorphous polyamide are used as a model system. The elastic-plastic behavior of single fibers are obtained in tensile tests. Uniaxial monotonic and cyclic tensile tests are conducted on non-woven mats. The mat exhibits elastic-plastic stress-strain behavior. The transverse strain behavior provides important complementary data, showing a negligible initial Poisson's ratio followed by a transverse:axial strain ratio greater than -1:1 after an axial strain of 0.02. A triangulated framework has been developed to emulate the fibrous network structure of the mat. The micromechanically based model incorporates the elastic-plastic behavior of single fibers into a macroscopic membrane model of the mat. This representative volume element based model is shown to capture the uniaxial elastic-plastic response of the mat under monotonic and cyclic loading. The initial modulus and yield stress of the mat are governed by the fiber properties, the network geometry, and the network density. The transverse strain behavior is linked to discrete deformation mechanisms of the fibrous mat structure including fiber alignment, fiber bending, and network consolidation. The model is further validated in comparison to experiments under different constrained axial loading conditions and found to capture the constraint effect on stiffness, yield, post-yield hardening, and post-yield transverse strain behavior. Due to the direct connection between

  8. [Fibrous pseudotumor of the vaginalis testis: report of a case].

    PubMed

    Joual, A; Rabii, R; Guessous, H; Benjelloun, M; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    2000-06-01

    In this study, the authors have reported a case of a benign fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis in a 24-year old man who was admitted with a left scrotal mass. Scrotal ultrasound and surgical investigation demonstrated the presence of a left testicular tumor; radical orchiectomy was performed by inguinal route. Microscopic examination revealed a pseudotumor of the testicular tunica vaginalis. As this is an uncommon lesion and preoperative diagnosis is difficult, unnecessary radical orchidectomy is often carried out.

  9. Fibrous tissues growth and remodeling: Evolutionary micro-mechanical theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lanir, Yoram

    2017-10-01

    Living fibrous tissues are composite materials having the unique ability to adapt their size, shape, structure and mechanical properties in response to external loading. This adaptation, termed growth and remodeling (G&R), occurs throughout life and is achieved via cell-induced turnover of tissue constituents where some are degraded and new ones are produced. Realistic mathematical modeling of G&R provides insight into the basic processes, allows for hypotheses testing, and constitutes an essential tool for establishing clinical thresholds of pathological remodeling and for the production of tissue substitutes aimed to achieve target structure and properties. In this study, a general 3D micro-mechanical multi-scale theory of G&R in fibrous tissue was developed which connects between the evolution of the tissue structure and properties, and the underlying mechano-biological turnover events of its constituents. This structural approach circumvents a fundamental obstacle in modeling growth mechanics since the growth motion is not bijective. The model was realized for a flat tissue under two biaxial external loadings using data-based parameter values. The predictions show close similarity to characteristics of remodeled adult tissue including its structure, anisotropic and non-linear mechanical properties, and the onset of in situ pre-strain and pre-stress. The results suggest that these important features of living fibrous tissues evolve as they grow.

  10. Apical involvement with fibrous dysplasia: implications for vision.

    PubMed

    Cruz, Antonio Augusto V; Constanzi, Marcio; de Castro, Flavia A Attié; dos Santos, Antonio Carlos

    2007-01-01

    To describe the ophthalmic findings of fibrous dysplasia of the orbit. Prospective case series. Twenty-one patients with fibrous dysplasia with orbital involvement underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and orbital imaging by CT. Four of the 21 patients had McCune-Albright syndrome and 1 had tuberous sclerosis. In 17 patients (81%), the disease was restricted to the craniofacial region. Facial distortion, proptosis, and eye dystopia were detected in 62% of the patients. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction and strabismus were detected in only 1 and 2 patients, respectively. Of the 34 orbits affected, the roof was affected in 67.6%. The floor was the least affected wall. For most orbits, the disease was seen in more than 1 wall, and in 9 orbits (26.5%) all 4 walls were involved. Twelve orbits (35.2%) showed cysts on CT within the affected bones. In 19 orbits (55.9%), the optic canal was circumferentially narrowed. Blindness was detected in only 1 patient who had undergone optic canal decompression. The main consequences of orbital involvement in fibrous dysplasia are eye dystopia and proptosis. Apical involvement is a common feature. Optic canal narrowing does not necessarily induce vision loss. We believe that patients with apical involvement should be carefully followed and have their apices decompressed only when their vision is clearly deteriorating. Our data do not support prophylactic optic canal decompression as a therapeutic measure.

  11. Geometric characterization and simulation of planar layered elastomeric fibrous biomaterials

    PubMed Central

    Carleton, James B.; D'Amore, Antonio; Feaver, Kristen R.; Rodin, Gregory J.; Sacks, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    Many important biomaterials are composed of multiple layers of networked fibers. While there is a growing interest in modeling and simulation of the mechanical response of these biomaterials, a theoretical foundation for such simulations has yet to be firmly established. Moreover, correctly identifying and matching key geometric features is a critically important first step for performing reliable mechanical simulations. The present work addresses these issues in two ways. First, using methods of geometric probability we develop theoretical estimates for the mean linear and areal fiber intersection densities for two-dimensional fibrous networks. These densities are expressed in terms of the fiber density and the orientation distribution function, both of which are relatively easy-to-measure properties. Secondly, we develop a random walk algorithm for geometric simulation of two-dimensional fibrous networks which can accurately reproduce the prescribed fiber density and orientation distribution function. Furthermore, the linear and areal fiber intersection densities obtained with the algorithm are in agreement with the theoretical estimates. Both theoretical and computational results are compared with those obtained by post-processing of SEM images of actual scaffolds. These comparisons reveal difficulties inherent to resolving fine details of multilayered fibrous networks. The methods provided herein can provide a rational means to define and generate key geometric features from experimentally measured or prescribed scaffold structural data. PMID:25311685

  12. Geometric characterization and simulation of planar layered elastomeric fibrous biomaterials

    DOE PAGES

    Carleton, James B.; D’Amore, Antonio; Feaver, Kristen R.; ...

    2014-10-13

    Many important biomaterials are composed of multiple layers of networked fibers. While there is a growing interest in modeling and simulation of the mechanical response of these biomaterials, a theoretical foundation for such simulations has yet to be firmly established. Moreover, correctly identifying and matching key geometric features is a critically important first step for performing reliable mechanical simulations. This paper addresses these issues in two ways. First, using methods of geometric probability, we develop theoretical estimates for the mean linear and areal fiber intersection densities for 2-D fibrous networks. These densities are expressed in terms of the fiber densitymore » and the orientation distribution function, both of which are relatively easy-to-measure properties. Secondly, we develop a random walk algorithm for geometric simulation of 2-D fibrous networks which can accurately reproduce the prescribed fiber density and orientation distribution function. Furthermore, the linear and areal fiber intersection densities obtained with the algorithm are in agreement with the theoretical estimates. Both theoretical and computational results are compared with those obtained by post-processing of scanning electron microscope images of actual scaffolds. These comparisons reveal difficulties inherent to resolving fine details of multilayered fibrous networks. Finally, the methods provided herein can provide a rational means to define and generate key geometric features from experimentally measured or prescribed scaffold structural data.« less

  13. Geometric characterization and simulation of planar layered elastomeric fibrous biomaterials

    SciTech Connect

    Carleton, James B.; D’Amore, Antonio; Feaver, Kristen R.; Rodin, Gregory J.; Sacks, Michael S.

    2014-10-13

    Many important biomaterials are composed of multiple layers of networked fibers. While there is a growing interest in modeling and simulation of the mechanical response of these biomaterials, a theoretical foundation for such simulations has yet to be firmly established. Moreover, correctly identifying and matching key geometric features is a critically important first step for performing reliable mechanical simulations. This paper addresses these issues in two ways. First, using methods of geometric probability, we develop theoretical estimates for the mean linear and areal fiber intersection densities for 2-D fibrous networks. These densities are expressed in terms of the fiber density and the orientation distribution function, both of which are relatively easy-to-measure properties. Secondly, we develop a random walk algorithm for geometric simulation of 2-D fibrous networks which can accurately reproduce the prescribed fiber density and orientation distribution function. Furthermore, the linear and areal fiber intersection densities obtained with the algorithm are in agreement with the theoretical estimates. Both theoretical and computational results are compared with those obtained by post-processing of scanning electron microscope images of actual scaffolds. These comparisons reveal difficulties inherent to resolving fine details of multilayered fibrous networks. Finally, the methods provided herein can provide a rational means to define and generate key geometric features from experimentally measured or prescribed scaffold structural data.

  14. Affine kinematics in planar fibrous connective tissues: an experimental investigation.

    PubMed

    Jayyosi, C; Affagard, J-S; Ducourthial, G; Bonod-Bidaud, C; Lynch, B; Bancelin, S; Ruggiero, F; Schanne-Klein, M-C; Allain, J-M; Bruyère-Garnier, K; Coret, M

    2017-03-29

    The affine transformation hypothesis is usually adopted in order to link the tissue scale with the fibers scale in structural constitutive models of fibrous tissues. Thanks to the recent advances in imaging techniques, such as multiphoton microscopy, the microstructural behavior and kinematics of fibrous tissues can now be monitored at different stretching within the same sample. Therefore, the validity of the affine hypothesis can be investigated. In this paper, the fiber reorientation predicted by the affine assumption is compared to experimental data obtained during mechanical tests on skin and liver capsule coupled with microstructural imaging using multiphoton microscopy. The values of local strains and the collagen fibers orientation measured at increasing loading levels are used to compute a theoretical estimation of the affine reorientation of collagen fibers. The experimentally measured reorientation of collagen fibers during loading could not be successfully reproduced with this simple affine model. It suggests that other phenomena occur in the stretching process of planar fibrous connective tissues, which should be included in structural constitutive modeling approaches.

  15. Essential Oil Bioactive Fibrous Membranes Prepared via Coaxial Electrospinning.

    PubMed

    Yao, Zhi-Cheng; Chen, Si-Cong; Ahmad, Zeeshan; Huang, Jie; Chang, Ming-Wei; Li, Jing-Song

    2017-06-01

    A novel antimicrobial composite material was prepared by encapsulating orange essential oil (OEO) in zein prolamine (ZP) via the coaxial electrospinning (ES) technique. By manipulating process parameters, the morphological features of ZP/OEO fibers were modulated. Fine fibers with diameters ranging from 0.7 to 2.3 μm were obtained by regulating ZP solution concentration and process parameters during the ES process. Optimal loading capacity (LC) and encapsulation efficiency (EE) of OEO in fibrous ZP mats were determined to be 22.28% and 53.68%, respectively, and were achieved using a 35 w/v% ZP ES solution. The encapsulation of OEO was found to be reliant on ZP solution concentration (the enveloping medium). SEM analysis indicates the surface morphology of ZP/OEO electrospun fibers is dependent on ZP solution loading volume, with lower ZP concentrations yielding defective fibrous structures (for example, beaded and spindled-string like morphologies). Furthermore, this loading volume also influences OEO LC, EE, mat water contact angle and oil retention. CCK-8 assay and cell morphology assessment (HEK293T cells) indicate no significant change with electrospun ZP and ZP/OEO fibrous membranes over an 8 h period. Antimicrobial activity assessment using Escherichia coli, suggests composite nonwovens possess sterilization properties; elucidating potential application in active food packaging, food preservation and therefore sustainability. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  16. Analysis of effective thermal conductivity of fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Futschik, Michael W.; Witte, Larry C.

    1993-01-01

    The objective of this research is to gain a better understanding of the various mechanisms of heat transfer through fibrous materials and to gain insight into how fill-gas pressure influences the effective thermal conductivity. By way of first principles and some empiricism, two mathematical models are constructed to correlate experimental data. The data are obtained from a test series measuring the effective thermal conductivity of Nomex using a two-sided guarded hot-plate heater apparatus. Tests are conducted for certain mean temperatures and fill-gases over a range of pressures varying from vacuum to atmospheric conditions. The models are then evaluated to determine their effectiveness in representing the effective thermal conductivity of a fibrous material. The models presented herein predict the effective thermal conductivity of Nomex extremely well. Since the influence of gas conduction is determined to be the most influential component in predicting the effective thermal conductivity of a fibrous material, an improved representation of gas conduction is developed. Finally, some recommendations for extension to other random-oriented fiber materials are made concerning the usefulness of each model depending on their advantages and disadvantages.

  17. Procaine in Malignant Hyperpyrexia

    PubMed Central

    Moulds, R. F. W.; Denborough, M. A.

    1972-01-01

    The caffeine contracture of normal human muscle, which has been used as a model for malignant hyperpyrexia, is greatly potentiated by halothane. Prior administration of procaine markedly reduces the halothane-potentiated caffeine contracture, and procaine given at the height of the contracture induces relaxation. Lignocaine, on the other hand, produces a variable response and sometimes increases the contracture. The muscle from a patient with an inherited susceptibility to malignant hyperpyrexia contracted spontaneously with halothane alone, and this contracture was reversed by procaine. These experiments support the therapeutic use of procaine in malignant hyperpyrexia. PMID:4642792

  18. High-grade sarcomatous overgrowth in solitary fibrous tumors: a clinicopathologic study of 10 cases.

    PubMed

    Collini, Paola; Negri, Tiziana; Barisella, Marta; Palassini, Elena; Tarantino, Eva; Pastorino, Ugo; Gronchi, Alessandro; Stacchiotti, Silvia; Pilotti, Silvana

    2012-08-01

    We describe 10 solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) with high-grade malignant overgrowth, all of which showed the presence of a synchronous or previous classic SFT/malignant SFT (MSFT) component. Seven were "dedifferentiated," with an abrupt transition from a classic SFT/MSFT to a high-grade component consisting of a nondistinctive high-grade sarcoma in 4 cases and divergent differentiation in 3. The nondistinctive high-grade component consisted of epithelioid and/or spindle cells often associated with overt pleomorphism or small round cell sarcomas. The divergent differentiation featured a rhabdomyosarcoma in 2 cases and an osteosarcoma in 1. Three cases (tentatively called "evolved") showed a gradual transition from classic SFT/MSFT to a nondistinctive high-grade sarcoma or presented features of high-grade sarcoma at the time of metastasis (assessed by fine-needle aspiration cytology) without any component suggesting a diagnosis of classic SFT/MSFT. The high-grade component showed loss of CD34 expression in half of the dedifferentiated SFTs and all of the dedifferentiated SFTs with divergent differentiation, whereas Ki-67 was markedly increased in all of the evaluable cases and paralleled the tumor grade. In 4 cases, the expression and phosphorylation status of key factors that control transcription and protein synthesis were also investigated. Both S6 and 4E-BP1 showed low activation in the low-grade MSFT and a high level of activation in the high-grade component. Seven of the 10 patients died of their disease during follow-up, with a median overall survival of 73 months (range, 5 to 288 mo). The median time to distant metastasis was 156 months after the initial diagnosis, and median overall survival from the first signs of metastasis was 8 months.

  19. Determinants of outcome of solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura: an observational cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTP) are rare and their long-term outcome is difficult to predict, as there are insufficient data which allow accurate characterization of the malignant variant. Thus the aim of this study was to describe the outcome and possible determinants of malignant behavior of SFTPs. Methods Data were collected retrospectively from medical records of patients treated at the University Hospital Zurich from 1992 to 2012. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were performed to define disease-free survival time (defined as survival without tumor-recurrence or tumor-related death) using the classical histo-morphological criteria (tumor size, localization, pedunculation, tumor necrosis or hemorrhage, mitotic activity and nuclear pleomorphism) and immunohistochemical parameters. Results 42 patients (20 males) with SFTP (median (IQR) age 62 (56–71) years) could be identified. SFTP were associated with symptoms in 50% of all cases. Complete resection was achieved by video-assisted thoracic surgery or thoracotomy in 20 and 22 patients, respectively. Three SFTP-related deaths (7.1%) and four tumor recurrences (9.5%) were observed. Mean disease-free survival time was 136.2 (±13.1) months, and 2-, 5- and 10-year disease-free survival was 91%, 84%, and 67%, respectively. Mean disease-free survival inversely correlated with the mean tumor diameter, number of mitotic figures and proliferation rate (Ki-67 expression). Other criteria (tumor necrosis, atypical localization, sessile tumor, and pleomorphism) were not statistically significant prognostic parameters. Conclusions Patients with large SFTP with a high mitotic index and high proliferation rate should be followed-up closely and over a prolonged time period in order to recognize recurrence of the SFTP early and at a treatable stage. Future research on this topic should focus on the prognostic role of immunohistochemistry including Ki-67 expression and molecular parameters. PMID

  20. NAB2-STAT6 Gene Fusion in Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma and Solitary Fibrous Tumor.

    PubMed

    Fritchie, Karen J; Jin, Long; Rubin, Brian P; Burger, Peter C; Jenkins, Sarah M; Barthelmeß, Sarah; Moskalev, Evgeny A; Haller, Florian; Oliveira, Andre M; Giannini, Caterina

    2016-03-01

    Meningeal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and hemangiopericytoma (HPC) are considered to be distinct entities in the WHO Classification of CNS Tumours (2007). They harbor NAB2-STAT6 fusions similar to their soft tissue counterparts, supporting the view that they are part of a tumor continuum. We examined 30 meningeal-based tumors originally diagnosed as either SFT or HPC. These showed a spectrum of morphologic features and were diagnosed as SFTs, malignant SFTs, HPCs, or tumors with "intermediate" features. All of the tumors showed nuclear expression of STAT6. SFTs consistently expressed diffuse CD34, while HPCs and intermediate tumors had heterogeneous staining. NAB2-STAT6 fusions were identified in 20 cases, including 7 with exon 4-exon 3, 9 with exon 6-exon 17, and 4 with exon 6-exon 18 fusions. NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3 fusion correlated with classic SFT morphology and older age and showed a trend toward less mitotic activity; there was also a trend toward more aggressive behavior in tumors lacking NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3. Thus, despite their clinical and morphologic differences, meningeal-based SFTs, HPCs, and tumors with intermediate features, similar to their soft tissue counterparts, form a histopathologic spectrum unified by STAT6 immunoexpression and NAB2-STAT6 fusion.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Paramythiotis, Daniel; Kofina, Konstantinia; Bangeas, Petros; Tsiompanou, Fani; Karayannopoulou, Georgia; Basdanis, George

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor typically located in the pleura, but can also be found as an asymptomatic mass in other areas, including the liver, peritoneum, kidney and salivary glands. However, SFT rarely locates in the pancreas. We present such a case of pancreatic SFT, along with a review of all reported cases. A 55-year-old man was treated surgically for an asymptomatic pancreatic mass after a rigorous preoperative control. Histologic examination of the resected specimen showed characteristics of an SFT. As only 15 cases of pancreatic SFT have been reported so far, an attempt to compare the cases was considered intriguing. We found that patients with pancreatic SFT were mainly women (81.25%), with a median age of 54 years at the time of diagnosis and a median tumor size of 5.83 cm. Pancreatic SFTs were revealed incidentally in 50% of cases, and all of them showed an enhancement through arterial computed tomography. All tumors were positive for CD34, ten were positive for Bcl-2, and twelve were negative for S100. The diagnosis of this pancreatic tumor is established by a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging procedures and histological findings, and is confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. Although the behavior of SFTs is rather benign, close clinical follow-up is recommended due to a potentially malignant nature. PMID:27358679

  2. Asbestos-related malignancy

    SciTech Connect

    Antmann, K.; Aisner, J.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 20 chapters. Some of the chapter titles are: The Radiology of Asbestosis and Related Neoplasms; Computed Tomography and Malignant Mesothelioma; Radiation Therapy for Pleural Mesothelioma; and Radiation Therapy of Peritoneal Mesothelioma.

  3. Gynecologic malignancy in pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Ji, Yong Il

    2013-01-01

    Gynecologic malignancy during pregnancy is a stressful problem. For the diagnosis and treatment of malignancy during pregnancy, a multidisciplinary approach is needed. Patients should be advised about the benefits and risk of treatment. When selecting a treatment for malignancy during pregnancy, the physiologic changes that occur with the pregnancy should be considered. Various diagnostic procedures that do not harm the fetus can be used. Laparoscopic surgery or laparotomy may be safely performed. The staging approach and treatment should be standard. Systemic chemotherapy during the first trimester should be delayed if possible. Radiation therapy should preferably start postpartum. Although delivery should be delayed preferably until after 35 weeks of gestation, termination of pregnancy may be considered when immediate treatment is required. Subsequent pregnancies do not increase the risk of malignancy recurrence. PMID:24328018

  4. What Is Malignant Mesothelioma?

    MedlinePlus

    ... you learn about the treatment options and possible side effects, and point you to information and services to help you in your cancer journey. ... free PDFs of our malignant mesothelioma information ...

  5. Surgical treatment of rare giant malignant tumors of the scalp: A report of 3 cases with different tumor types

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xiaoliang; Li, Wenzhong; Yuan, Hepei; Gu, Weihong; Chen, Dawei

    2016-01-01

    The scalp is the most frequent site of occurrence of malignant tumors. As an area that is generally neglected by the patient and not closely monitored during physical examinations, scalp tumors can go unnoticed until they become malignant. The present study reports 3 cases of rare giant malignant tumors of the scalp, namely a peripheral nerve sheath tumor, a fibrous tumor and a malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumor, that were treated at The First Bethune Hospital of Jilin University (Changchun, China). Vascularized free anterolateral thigh flap surgery was performed in 2 of the 3 cases. A local flap repair was applied to the third case. The implanted skin grafts remained viable post-operatively and wound repair was uneventful. No signs of malignancy were detected on the edge of the pathological section upon closer pathological examination. In the follow-up period, no recurrence was detected in any of the cases. PMID:27900013

  6. Importance of Local Control in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: Outcomes of Patients With Positive Post-Radiation Therapy Biopsy Results Treated in RTOG 9408

    SciTech Connect

    Krauss, Daniel J.; Hu, Chen; Bahary, Jean-Paul; Souhami, Luis; Gore, Elizabeth M.; Chafe, Susan Maria Jacinta; Leibenhaut, Mark H.; Narayan, Samir; Torres-Roca, Javier; Michalski, Jeff; Zeitzer, Kenneth L.; Donavanik, Viroon; Sandler, Howard; McGowan, David G.; Jones, Christopher U.; Shipley, William U.

    2015-07-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between positive post-radiation therapy (RT) biopsy results and subsequent clinical outcomes in males with localized prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group study 94-08 analyzed 1979 males with prostate cancer, stage T1b-T2b and prostate-specific antigen concentrations of ≤20 ng/dL, to investigate whether 4 months of total androgen suppression (TAS) added to RT improved survival compared to RT alone. Patients randomized to receive TAS received flutamide with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist. According to protocol, patients without evidence of clinical recurrence or initiation of additional endocrine therapy underwent repeat prostate biopsy 2 years after RT completion. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of positive post-RT biopsy results on clinical outcomes. Results: A total of 831 patients underwent post-RT biopsy, 398 were treated with RT alone and 433 with RT plus TAS. Patients with positive post-RT biopsy results had higher rates of biochemical failure (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.3-2.1) and distant metastasis (HR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.3-4.4) and inferior disease-specific survival (HR = 3.8; 95% CI = 1.9-7.5). Positive biopsy results remained predictive of such outcomes after correction for potential confounders such as Gleason score, tumor stage, and TAS administration. Prior TAS therapy did not prevent elevated risk of adverse outcome in the setting of post-RT positive biopsy results. Patients with Gleason score ≥7 with a positive biopsy result additionally had inferior overall survival compared to those with a negative biopsy result (HR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.04-2.35). Conclusions: Positive post-RT biopsy is associated with increased rates of distant metastases and inferior disease-specific survival in patients treated with definitive RT and was associated with inferior overall

  7. Fibrous proteins: At the crossroads of genetic engineering and biotechnological applications.

    PubMed

    Yigit, Sezin; Dinjaski, Nina; Kaplan, David L

    2016-05-01

    Fibrous proteins, such as silk, elastin and collagen are finding broad impact in biomaterial systems for a range of biomedical and industrial applications. Some of the key advantages of biosynthetic fibrous proteins compared to synthetic polymers include the tailorability of sequence, protein size, degradation pattern, and mechanical properties. Recombinant DNA production and precise control over genetic sequence of these proteins allows expansion and fine tuning of material properties to meet the needs for specific applications. We review current approaches in the design, cloning, and expression of fibrous proteins, with a focus on strategies utilized to meet the challenges of repetitive fibrous protein production. We discuss recent advances in understanding the fundamental basis of structure-function relationships and the designs that foster fibrous protein self-assembly towards predictable architectures and properties for a range of applications. We highlight the potential of functionalization through genetic engineering to design fibrous protein systems for biotechnological and biomedical applications. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Hypotrichosis with keratosis pilaris: electrophoretical study of hair fibrous proteins from a patient.

    PubMed

    Dekio, S; Nagashima, T; Watanabe, Y; Jidoi, J

    1989-01-01

    S-carboxymethylated (SCM) fibrous proteins from the scalp hair of a patient with hypotrichosis with keratosis pilaris (HTKP) and from that of a normal individual were analyzed using two-dimensional electrophoresis. One SCM fibrous protein component was different electrophoretically in the HTKP patient. It is suggested that the brittleness of the HTKP hair might result from this alteration of the fibrous protein composition of the hair.

  9. Three-Dimensional Multilayered Fibrous Constructs for Wound Healing Applications

    PubMed Central

    Reis, Tiago C.; Castleberry, Steven; Rego, Ana M. B.

    2015-01-01

    Electrospun materials are promising scaffolds due to their light-weight, high surface-area and low-cost fabrication, however, such scaffolds are commonly obtained as ultrathin two-dimensional non-woven meshes, lacking on topographical specificity and surface side-dependent properties. Herein, it is reported the production of three-dimensional fibrous materials with an asymmetrical inner structure and engineered surfaces. The manufactured constructs evidence fibrous-based microsized conical protrusions [length: (9.5 ± 2.9)×102 μm; width: (3.8 ± 0.8)×102 μm] at their top side, with a median peak density of 73 peaks.cm−2, while their bottom side resembles to a non-woven mesh commonly observed in the fabrication of two-dimensional electrospun materials. Regarding their thickness (3.7 ± 0.1 mm) and asymmetric fibrous inner architecture, such materials avoid external liquid absorption while promoting internal liquid uptake. Nevertheless, such constructs also observed the high porosity (89.9%) and surface area (1.44 m2.g−1) characteristic of traditional electrospun mats. Spray layer-by-layer assembly is used to effectively coat the structurally complex materials, allowing to complementary tailor features such water vapor transmission, swelling ratio and bioactive agent release. Tested as wound dressings, the novel constructs are capable of withstanding (11.0 ± 0.3)×104 kg.m−2 even after 14 days of hydration, while actively promote wound healing (90 ± 0.5 % of wound closure within 48 hours) although avoiding cell adhesion on the dressings for a painless removal. PMID:26584183

  10. Development of flame resistant treatment for nomex fibrous structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Toy, M. S.

    1978-01-01

    Technology which renders aramid fibrous structures flame resistant through chemical modification was developed. The project scaled up flame resistant treatment from laboratory fabric swatches of a few inches to efficiently producing ten yards of commercial width (41 inches) aromatic polyamide. The radiation intensity problem of the processor was resolved. Further improvement of the processor cooling system was recommended for two reasons: (1) To advance current technology of flame proofing Nomex fabric to higher oxygen enriched atmospheres; and (2) To adapt the processor for direct applicability to low cost commercial fabrics.

  11. Modeling Ablation of Fibrous Materials from Bulk to Knudsen Regime

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lachaud, Jean; Mansour, Nagi N.

    2008-01-01

    Material-environment interactions are analyzed at microscopic scale to explain the lower than expected density observed by post-flight analysis of the char layer on the Stardust shield. Mass transfer, ablation (oxidation), and surface recession of fibrous material is simulated in 3D using a Monte-Carlo simulation tool. Ablation is found to occur either at the surface or in volume depending on Knudsen and Thiele number values. This study supports the idea of volume ablation followed by possible carbon fiber spallation that may explain post-flight analyses.

  12. Benign fibrous histiocytoma: A rare case involving jaw bone.

    PubMed

    Shoor, Hitesh; Pai, Keerthilatha M; Shergill, Ankur Kaur; Kamath, Abhay Taranath

    2015-09-01

    Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is a soft tissue neoplasm which occurs mostly on the skin of extremities. BFH rarely occurs in bone and may affect femur, tibia, and pelvic bone. Jaw bone involvement is very unusual with only 11 cases reported till date. This report describes a case of BFH occurring in a 30-year-old female patient affecting left mandibular posterior region. Computed tomography revealed a well-defined expansile lytic lesion in the posterior mandible. Gross examination of the tumor revealed an admixture of fibroblasts and histiocytes in a fascicular and storiform pattern. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD68.

  13. Benign fibrous histiocytoma: A rare case involving jaw bone

    PubMed Central

    Shoor, Hitesh; Pai, Keerthilatha M.; Shergill, Ankur Kaur; Kamath, Abhay Taranath

    2015-01-01

    Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is a soft tissue neoplasm which occurs mostly on the skin of extremities. BFH rarely occurs in bone and may affect femur, tibia, and pelvic bone. Jaw bone involvement is very unusual with only 11 cases reported till date. This report describes a case of BFH occurring in a 30-year-old female patient affecting left mandibular posterior region. Computed tomography revealed a well-defined expansile lytic lesion in the posterior mandible. Gross examination of the tumor revealed an admixture of fibroblasts and histiocytes in a fascicular and storiform pattern. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD68. PMID:26604585

  14. Natal tooth associated with fibrous hyperplasia - a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Sethi, Harsimran Singh; Munjal, Deepti; Dhingra, Renuka; Malik, Narender Singh; Sidhu, Gagandeep Kaur

    2015-04-01

    Eruption of tooth at about 6 months of age is a significant stage in child's life and is an emotional event for parents. However, a tooth present in the oral cavity of newborn can lead to a lot of delusions. Natal and neonatal teeth are of utmost importance not only for a dentist but also for a paediatrician due to parent's anxiety, folklore superstitions and numerous associated complications with it. This paper reports a rare case, wherein a natal tooth has led to the development of a reactive fibrous hyperplasia in an 8-week-old infant.

  15. Development of fibrous monoliths from mullite, alumina, and zirconia powders

    SciTech Connect

    Polzin, B. J.; Cruse, T. A.; Singh, D.; Picciolo, J. J.; Tsaliagos, R. N.; Phelan, P. J.; Goretta, K. C.

    2000-06-29

    Fibrous monoliths (FMs) based on mullite combined with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-stabilized ZrO{sub 2} have been produced. These FMs incorporate duplex cells in which compressive residual stresses were engineered into the surfaces of the cells. The residual stresses should increase average cell strength, which may allow them to achieve mechanical properties comparable to those of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/BN FMs. The expected residual stresses have been calculated, and data on sintering and thermal expansion have been gathered. Prototype FMs were produced and their microstructure examined.

  16. Direction of fluid flow and the properties of fibrous filters

    SciTech Connect

    Pich, J.; Spurny, K.

    1991-01-01

    The influence of the fluid flow direction (downflow and upflow) on the filtration properties of filters that have a fibrous structure is investigated. It is concluded that selectivity of these filters (dependence of the filter efficiency on the particle size) in the case of upflow is changed - in comparison with the case of downflow - in three ways: the position of the minimum of this dependence is shifted to larger particle sizes, and the whole selectivity is decreased and simultaneously deformed. Corresponding equations for this shift and changes are derived and analyzed. Theoretical predictions are compared with available experimental data. In all cases qualitative agreement and in some cases quantitative agreement is found.

  17. Pleural solitary fibrous tumor complicated with autoimmune hemolytic anemia.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Hiroshi; Ohkawara, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Kazuhiko; Harada-Shirado, Kayo; Furukawa, Miki; Sukegawa, Masumi; Shichishima-Nakamura, Akiko; Noji, Hideyoshi; Wakamatsu, Saho; Tasaki, Kazuhiro; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Ogawa, Kazuei; Takeishi, Yasuchika

    2014-01-01

    We herein report a 74-year-old woman who presented with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) associated with pleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Her AIHA was initially treated with 1 mg/kg daily of oral prednisolone (PSL) for 2 months, which had a limited effect. However, after surgical tumor resection, the patient showed remarkable improvement of AIHA with normalizations of serum lactate dehydrogenase and bilirubin levels, and we were able to rapidly reduce the PSL dosage. This is the first description of a case of AIHA caused by SFT.

  18. Fibrous insulations with transparent cover for passive use of solar energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caps, R.; Fricke, J.

    1989-03-01

    Fibrous thermal insulation protected by a transparent pane instead of an opaque cover applied to the exterior of house walls exhibits an improved efficiency. The fibrous layer and the house wall behind it are heated upon absorption of solar radiation and thermal leakage from the interior of the house is significantly reduced. The transparently covered fibrous insulation is well suited to retrofit old residential and commercial buildings. The optimal design parameters for the fibrous layer are as follows: thickness, 5 cm; density, 10kg-m-3; fiber diameter, 20 μn; and albedo in the visible, ω vis> 0.9.

  19. Structure-induced nonlinear viscoelasticity of non-woven fibrous matrices.

    PubMed

    Rizvi, Mohd Suhail; Pal, Anupam; Das, Sovan Lal

    2016-12-01

    Fibrous materials are widely utilized as tissue engineering scaffolds for tissue regeneration and other bioengineering applications. The structural as well as mechanical characteristics of the fibrous matrices under static and dynamic mechanical loading conditions influence the response of the cells. In this paper, we study the mechanical response of the non-woven fibrous matrices under oscillatory loading conditions and its dependence on the structural properties of fibrous matrix. We demonstrate that under oscillatory shear and elongation, the fibrous matrices demonstrate nonlinear viscoelasticity at all strain amplitudes. This is contrary to the behavior of other soft polymeric materials for which nonlinearity in the viscoelastic response vanishes for small strains. These observations suggest that despite their prevalence, the measures of linear viscoelasticity (e.g., storage and loss moduli) are inadequate for the general description of the viscoelastic nature of the fibrous materials. It was, however, found that linear viscoelastic nature of fibrous matrices for small amplitudes is restored when a pre-stretch is applied to the fibrous matrix along with oscillatory strains. Further, we also explored the influence of the structural properties of the fibrous matrices (fiber orientation, alignment and curvature) on their viscoelastic nature.

  20. Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Munkholm-Larsen, Stine; Cao, Christopher Q; Yan, Tristan D

    2009-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma is a highly aggressive neoplasm. The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is increasing worldwide. Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) represents one-fourth of all mesotheliomas. Association of asbestos exposure with DMPM has been observed, especially in males. The great majority of patients present with abdominal pain and distension, caused by accumulation of tumors and ascitic fluid. In the past, DMPM was considered a pre-terminal condition; therefore attracted little attention. Patients invariably died from their disease within a year. Recently, several prospective trials have demonstrated a median survival of 40 to 90 mo and 5-year survival of 30% to 60% after combined treatment using cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This remarkable improvement in survival has prompted new search into the medical science related to DMPM, a disease previously ignored as uninteresting. This review article focuses on the key advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, staging, treatments and prognosis of DMPM that have occurred in the past decade. PMID:21160794

  1. Hemostasis and malignancy.

    PubMed

    Francis, J L; Biggerstaff, J; Amirkhosravi, A

    1998-01-01

    There is considerable evidence that the hemostatic system is involved in the growth and spread of malignant disease. There is an increased incidence of thromboembolic disease in patients with cancers and hemostatic abnormalities are extremely common in such patients. Antihemostatic agents have been successfully used to treat a variety of experimental tumors, and several clinical trials in humans have been initiated. Although metastasis is undoubtedly multifactorial, intravascular coagulation activation and peritumor fibrin deposition seem to be important. The mechanisms by which hemostatic activation facilitates the malignant process remain to be completely elucidated. Of central importance may be the presence on malignant cells of tissue factor and urokinase receptor. Recent studies have suggested that these proteins, and others, may be involved at several stages of metastasis, including the key event of neovascularization. Tissue factor, the principal initiator of coagulation, may have additional roles, outside of fibrin formation, that are central to the biology of some solid tumors.

  2. Malignant Vestibular Schwannoma

    PubMed Central

    Gruber, B.; Petchenik, L.; Williams, M.; Thomas, C.; Luken, M.G.

    1994-01-01

    A 61-year-old woman underwent a translabyrinthine resection of a right intracanulicular acoustic neuroma, which had been detected in the work-up of sudden hearing loss. At the time of surgery, the tumor was roughly twice as large as indicated by the magnetic resonance scan taken only 2 months previously. The tumor eroded the vertical and transverse crests and extended well into the cerebellopontine angle. It was impossible to distinguish the facial nerve proximal to the geniculate ganglion. All visible tumor was resected, along with the facial nerve. Histological evaluation showed a highly cellular tumor, with many mitoses and areas of necrosis, meeting the criteria for malignant schwannoma. The patient has no stigmata of neurofibromatosis, and has no known relatives with that condition. This case is only the fourth reported of a malignant vestibular schwannoma. The relationships between vestibular schwannoma, neurofibromatosis, and malignancy are discussed. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6 PMID:17171176

  3. Giant malignant insulinoma

    PubMed Central

    Karavias, Dimitrios; Habeos, Ioannis; Maroulis, Ioannis; Kalogeropoulou, Christina; Tsamandas, Athanasios; Chaveles, Ioannis

    2015-01-01

    Insulinomas are the most common pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Most insulinomas are benign, small, intrapancreatic solid tumors and only large tumors have a tendency for malignancy. Most patients present with symptoms of hypoglycemia that are relieved with the administration of glucose. We herein present the case of a 75-year-old woman who presented with an acute hypoglycemic episode. Subsequent laboratory and radiological studies established the diagnosis of a 17-cm malignant insulinoma, with local invasion to the left kidney, lymph node metastasis, and hepatic metastases. Patient symptoms, diagnostic and imaging work-up and surgical management of both the primary and the metastatic disease are reviewed. PMID:25960993

  4. Envy and malignant envy.

    PubMed

    Shengold, L

    1994-10-01

    Envy begins early in psychic development and is initially characterized by destructive primal hatred. With maturation, envy becomes modified in intensity. Its primal murderous quality is attenuated, and, as object relationships develop, it becomes partly transformed into jealousy. Malignant envy is a retention of, or regression to, the original primal murderous affective mix. Clinically, one sees in malignant envy the phenomenon of the subject feeling with delusional intensity that what the envied one has is not only urgently wanted but has been stolen from the self--an intensity that is reacted to defensively by projection and delusion formation. This operates as a formidable resistance in analytic work.

  5. Facile modification of electrospun fibrous structures with antifouling zwitterionic hydrogels.

    PubMed

    Xu, Tong; Yang, Jing; Zhang, Jiamin; Zhu, Yingnan; Li, Qingsi; Pan, Chao; Zhang, Lei

    2017-09-01

    Electrospinning technology can easily produce different shaped fibrous structures, making them highly valuable to various biomedical applications. However, surface contamination of biomolecules, cells, or blood has emerged as a significant challenge to the success of electrospun devices, especially artificial blood vessels, catheters and wound dressings etc. Many efforts have been made to resist the surface non-specific biomolecules or cells adsorption, but most of them require complex pre-treatment processes, hard-to-remove metal catalysts or rigorous reaction conditions. In addition, the stability of antifouling coatings, especially in complex conditions, is still a major concern. In this work, inspired by the interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) and reinforced concrete structure, an efficient and facile strategy for modifying hydrophobic electrospun meshes and tubes with antifouling zwitterionic hydrogels has been introduced. The resulting products could efficiently resist the adhesion of proteins, cells, or even fresh whole blood. Meanwhile, they could maintain the shapes and mechanical strength of the original electrospun structures. Furthermore, the hydrogel structures could retain stable in a physiological condition for at least 3 months. This paper provided a general antifouling and hydrophilicity surface modification strategy for various fibrous structures, and could be of great value for many biomedical applications where antifouling properties are critical. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  6. Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia in a Cynomolgus Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)

    PubMed Central

    Bauer, Cassondra; Dunn, Betty G; Brothman, Arthur R; Jr, Edward J Dick; Christensen, Chris; Voges, Andra; Moore, Charleen M

    2012-01-01

    A 2.3-y-old female cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) presented with a broken right tibia and fibula. Radiographs showed multiple cyst-like defects in all long bones. We suspected that both fractures were pathologic because they occurred through these defects. Ultrasonography, MRI, and dual X-ray absorptiometry revealed that the defects were filled with soft tissue. Grossly, the bones were abnormal in shape, and a gelatinous material filled the defects and the surrounding marrow cavity. Histologically, the gelatinous material was composed of fibrin and cartilage; few normal bone cells were seen. Genetic testing revealed extra material on the short arm of chromosome 8 in all tissues examined, but no copy number alterations of likely clinical significance were observed, and no abnormalities were found that were unique to the lesions. In light of the clinical signs and radiographic and pathologic findings, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia was diagnosed. This report represents the first documented case of fibrous dysplasia in a cynomolgus macaque. PMID:22546922

  7. Fibrous Fillers to Manufacture Ultra High Ash/Performance Paper

    SciTech Connect

    Dr. VIjay K. Mathur

    2009-04-30

    The paper industry is one of the largest users of energy and emitters of CO2 in the US manufacturing industry. In addition to that, it is facing tremendous financial pressure due to lower cost imports. The fine paper industry has shrunk from 15 million tons per year production to 10 million tons per year in the last 5 years. This has resulted in mill closures and job loses. The AF&PA and the DOE formed a program called Agenda 2020 to help in funding to develop breakthrough technologies to provide help in meeting these challenges. The objectives of this project were to optimize and scale-up Fibrous Fillers technology, ready for commercial deployment and to develop ultra high ash/high performance paper using Fibrous Fillers. The goal was to reduce energy consumption, carbon footprint, and cost of manufacturing paper and related industries. GRI International (GRI) has been able to demonstrate the techno - economic feasibility and economic advantages of using its various products in both handsheets as well as in commercial paper mills. GRI has also been able to develop sophisticated models that demonstrate the effect of combinations of GRI's fillers at multiple filler levels. GRI has also been able to develop, optimize, and successfully scale-up new products for use in commercial paper mills.

  8. Thermoviscoplastic analysis of fibrous periodic composites using triangular subvolumes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walker, Kevin P.; Freed, Alan D.; Jordan, Eric H.

    1993-01-01

    The nonlinear viscoplastic behavior of fibrous periodic composites is analyzed by discretizing the unit cell into triangular subvolumes. A set of these subvolumes can be configured by the analyst to construct a representation for the unit cell of a periodic composite. In each step of the loading history, the total strain increment at any point is governed by an integral equation which applies to the entire composite. A Fourier series approximation allows the incremental stresses and strains to be determined within a unit cell of the periodic lattice. The nonlinearity arising from the viscoplastic behavior of the constituent materials comprising the composite is treated as fictitious body force in the governing integral equation. Specific numerical examples showing the stress distributions in the unit cell of a fibrous tungsten/copper metal matrix composite under viscoplastic loading conditions are given. The stress distribution resulting in the unit cell when the composite material is subjected to an overall transverse stress loading history perpendicular to the fibers is found to be highly heterogeneous, and typical homogenization techniques based on treating the stress and strain distributions within the constituent phases as homogeneous result in large errors under inelastic loading conditions.

  9. Nanostructured Silica-Titania Hybrid using Fibrous Nanosilica as Photocatalysts.

    PubMed

    Bayal, Nisha; Singh, Rustam; Polshettiwar, Vivek

    2017-03-02

    We have developed a novel method of fabricating active TiO2 photocatalysts by tuning the morphology of catalyst support. Sustainable solution phase TiO2 deposition on silica protocol is developed over complex and expensive atomic layer deposition technique. In general, catalytic activity decreases with increase in TiO2 loading on conventional mesoporous silica because of the loss of surface area due to blocking of pores. Notably, in the case of KCC-1 as a support, because of its open fibrous morphology, even at the highest TiO2 loading, a relatively large amount of surface area remained intact. This improved the accessibility of active sites, which increased the catalytic performance of KCC-1/TiO2 photocatalyst. Fibrous nanosilica supported titania is found to be a superior photocatalyst in terms of H2 generation (26.4 mmolh-1g-1TiO2) using UV light. This study may provide a new direction for photocatalyst development by morphology control of the support.

  10. Nano-Fibrous Biopolymer Hydrogels via Biological Conjugation for Osteogenesis.

    PubMed

    Chen, Huinan; Xing, Xiaodong; Jia, Yang; Mao, Jiahui; Zhang, Ziwei; Tan, Huaping

    2016-06-01

    Nanostructured biopolymer hydrogels have great potential in the field of drug delivery and regenerative medicine. In this work, a nano-fibrous (NF) biopolymer hydrogel was developed for cell growth factors (GFs) delivery and in vitro osteogenesis. The nano-fibrous hydrogel was produced via biological conjugation of streptavidin functionalized hyaluronic acid (HA-Streptavidin) and biotin terminated star-shaped poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-Biotin). In the present work, in vitro gelation, mechanical properties, degradation and equilibrium swelling of the NF hydrogel were examined. The potential application of this NF gel scaffold in bone tissue engineering was confirmed by encapsulation behavior of osteoblasts. Osteoblasts seeded directly in NF gel scaffold containing cell growth factor, e.g. bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), was to mimic the in vivo microenvironment in which cells interface biomaterials and interact with BMP-2. In combination with BMP-2, the NF hydrogel exhibited beneficial effects on osteoblast activity and differentiation, which suggested a promising future for local treatment of pathologies involving bone loss.

  11. Coupled continuum and molecular model of flow through fibrous filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Shunliu; Povitsky, Alex

    2013-11-01

    A coupled approach combining the continuum boundary singularity method (BSM) and the molecular direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) is developed and validated using Taylor-Couette flow and the flow about a single fiber confined between two parallel walls. In the proposed approach, the DSMC is applied to an annular region enclosing the fiber and the BSM is employed in the entire flow domain. The parameters used in the DSMC and the coupling procedure, such as the number of simulated particles, the cell size, and the size of the coupling zone are determined by inspecting the accuracy of pressure drop obtained for the range of Knudsen numbers between zero and unity. The developed approach is used to study flowfield of fibrous filtration flows. It is observed that in the partial-slip flow regime, Kn ⩽ 0.25, the results obtained by the proposed coupled BSM-DSMC method match the solution by BSM combined with the heuristic partial-slip boundary conditions. For transition molecular-to-continuum Knudsen numbers, 0.25 < Kn ⩽ 1, the difference in pressure drop and velocity between these two approaches is significant. This difference increases with the Knudsen number that confirms the usefulness of coupled continuum and molecular methods in numerical modeling of transition low Reynolds number flows in fibrous filters.

  12. Fibrous Hydrogels for Cell Encapsulation: A Modular and Supramolecular Approach

    PubMed Central

    Włodarczyk-Biegun, Małgorzata K.; Farbod, Kambiz; Werten, Marc W. T.; Slingerland, Cornelis J.; de Wolf, Frits A.; van den Beucken, Jeroen J. J. P.; Leeuwenburgh, Sander C. G.; Cohen Stuart, Martien A.; Kamperman, Marleen

    2016-01-01

    Artificial 3-dimensional (3D) cell culture systems, which mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM), hold great potential as models to study cellular processes under controlled conditions. The natural ECM is a 3D structure composed of a fibrous hydrogel that provides both mechanical and biochemical cues to instruct cell behavior. Here we present an ECM-mimicking genetically engineered protein-based hydrogel as a 3D cell culture system that combines several key features: (1) Mild and straightforward encapsulation meters (1) ease of ut I am not so sure.encapsulation of the cells, without the need of an external crosslinker. (2) Supramolecular assembly resulting in a fibrous architecture that recapitulates some of the unique mechanical characteristics of the ECM, i.e. strain-stiffening and self-healing behavior. (3) A modular approach allowing controlled incorporation of the biochemical cue density (integrin binding RGD domains). We tested the gels by encapsulating MG-63 osteoblastic cells and found that encapsulated cells not only respond to higher RGD density, but also to overall gel concentration. Cells in 1% and 2% (weight fraction) protein gels showed spreading and proliferation, provided a relative RGD density of at least 50%. In contrast, in 4% gels very little spreading and proliferation occurred, even for a relative RGD density of 100%. The independent control over both mechanical and biochemical cues obtained in this modular approach renders our hydrogels suitable to study cellular responses under highly defined conditions. PMID:27223105

  13. Engineering the microstructure of electrospun fibrous scaffolds by microtopography.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Qian; Lee, Benjamin L-P; Komvopoulos, Kyriakos; Li, Song

    2013-05-13

    Controlling the structure and organization of electrospun fibers is desirable for fabricating scaffolds and materials with defined microstructures. However, the effects of microtopography on the deposition and, in turn, the organization of the electrospun fibers are not well understood. In this study, conductive polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) templates with different micropatterns were fabricated by combining photolithography, silicon wet etching, and PDMS molding techniques. The fiber organization was varied by fine-tuning the microtopography of the electrospinning collector. Fiber conformity and alignment were influenced by the depth and the slope of microtopography features, resulting in scaffolds comprising either an array of microdomains with different porosity and fiber alignment or an array of microwells. Microtopography affected the fiber organization for hundreds of micrometers below the scaffold surface, resulting in scaffolds with distinct surface properties on each side. In addition, the fiber diameter was also affected by the fiber conformity. The effects of the fiber arrangement in the scaffolds on the morphology, migration, and infiltration of cells were examined by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Cell morphology and organization were guided by the fibers in the microdomains, and cell migration was enhanced by the aligned fibers and the three-dimensional scaffold structure. Cell infiltration was correlated with the microdomain porosity. Microscale control of the fiber organization and the porosity at the surface and through the thickness of the fibrous scaffolds, as demonstrated by the results of this study, provides a powerful means of engineering the three-dimensional structure of electrospun fibrous scaffolds for cell and tissue engineering.

  14. Structural remodeling of fibrous astrocytes after axonal injury.

    PubMed

    Sun, Daniel; Lye-Barthel, Ming; Masland, Richard H; Jakobs, Tatjana C

    2010-10-20

    Reactive astrocytes are a pathological hallmark of many CNS injuries and neurodegenerations. They are characterized by hypertrophy of the soma and processes and an increase in the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein. Because the cells obscure each other in immunostaining, little is known about the behavior of a single reactive astrocyte, nor how single astrocytes combine to form the glial scar. We have investigated the reaction of fibrous astrocytes to axonal degeneration using a transgenic mouse strain expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein in small subsets of astrocytes. Fibrous astrocytes in the optic nerve and corpus callosum initially react to injury by hypertrophy of the soma and processes. They retract their primary processes, simplifying their shape and dramatically reducing their spatial coverage. At 3 d after crush, quantitative analysis revealed nearly a twofold increase in the thickness of the primary processes, a halving of the number of primary processes leaving the soma and an eightfold reduction in the spatial coverage. In the subsequent week, they partially reextend long processes, returning to a near-normal morphology and an extensive spatial overlap. The resulting glial scar consists of an irregular array of astrocyte processes, contrasting with their original orderly arrangement. These changes are in distinct contrast to those reported for reactive protoplasmic astrocytes of the gray matter, in which the number of processes and branchings increase, but the cells continue to maintain nonoverlapping individual territories throughout their response to injury.

  15. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in a cynomolgus Macaque (Macaca fascicularis).

    PubMed

    Bauer, Cassondra; Dunn, Betty G; Brothman, Arthur R; Dick, Edward J; Christensen, Chris; Voges, Andra; Moore, Charleen M

    2012-04-01

    A 2.3-y-old female cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) presented with a broken right tibia and fibula. Radiographs showed multiple cyst-like defects in all long bones. We suspected that both fractures were pathologic because they occurred through these defects. Ultrasonography, MRI, and dual X-ray absorptiometry revealed that the defects were filled with soft tissue. Grossly, the bones were abnormal in shape, and a gelatinous material filled the defects and the surrounding marrow cavity. Histologically, the gelatinous material was composed of fibrin and cartilage; few normal bone cells were seen. Genetic testing revealed extra material on the short arm of chromosome 8 in all tissues examined, but no copy number alterations of likely clinical significance were observed, and no abnormalities were found that were unique to the lesions. In light of the clinical signs and radiographic and pathologic findings, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia was diagnosed. This report represents the first documented case of fibrous dysplasia in a cynomolgus macaque.

  16. Electrostatic layer-by-layer construction of fibrous TMV biofilms.

    PubMed

    Tiu, Brylee David B; Kernan, Daniel L; Tiu, Sicily B; Wen, Amy M; Zheng, Yi; Pokorski, Jonathan K; Advincula, Rigoberto C; Steinmetz, Nicole F

    2017-01-26

    As nature's choice in designing complex architectures, the bottom-up assembly of nanoscale building blocks offers unique solutions in achieving more complex and smaller morphologies with wide-ranging applications in medicine, energy, and materials science as compared to top-down manufacturing. In this work, we employ charged tobacco mosaic virus (TMV-wt and TMV-lys) nanoparticles in constructing multilayered fibrous networks via electrostatic layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition. In neutral aqueous media, TMV-wt assumes an anionic surface charge. TMV-wt was paired with a genetically engineered TMV-lys variant that displays a corona of lysine side chains on its solvent-exposed surface. The electrostatic interaction between TMV-wt and TMV-lys nanoparticles became the driving force in the highly controlled buildup of the multilayer TMV constructs. Since the resulting morphology closely resembles the 3-dimensional fibrous network of an extracellular matrix (ECM), the capability of the TMV assemblies to support the adhesion of NIH-3T3 fibroblast cells was investigated, demonstrating potential utility in regenerative medicine. Lastly, the layer-by-layer deposition was extended to release the TMV scaffolds as free-standing biomembranes. To demonstrate potential application in drug delivery or vaccine technology, cargo-functionalized TMV biofilms were programmed.

  17. Giant Perineal Solitary Fibrous Tumor: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Yoshino Bonifaci, Ana Maria; Crochik, Fabio da Silva; Murta, Claudio Bovolenta; Claro, Joaquim Francisco de Almeida; Manzano, Joao Padua

    2017-01-01

    Background. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a fibroblastic mesenchymal tumor that was initially described from the pleura but currently arises at almost every anatomic site. It is usually benign, and surgical resection is curative. SFT involving the perineum is extremely rare. This is the third case report of a perineal SFT in the literature. Case Presentation. We reported an uncommon case of a 64-year-old man presenting with a huge perineal mass that started growing 3 years before his arrival in our service. He was asymptomatic. A contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed a heterogeneous well-circumscribed perineal mass with soft-tissue density. Invasion of the surrounding organs, distal metastasis, and lymph node swelling were absent. The complete resection of mass was done successfully. The specimen was a 23.0 × 14.0 × 8.0 cm encapsulated tumor. Mass weight was 1,170 g. After pathological analysis, we confirmed that the mass was a solitary fibrous tumor. The diagnosis was based on clinical findings and histological morphology and immunohistochemistry study. Conclusion. SFTs are usually indolent tumors with a favorable prognosis. The perineal location is extremely rare. Complete resection of the mass is the treatment of choice. PMID:28352487

  18. Heat Transfer Modeling for Rigid High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran; Cunnington, George R.; Knutson, Jeffrey R.

    2012-01-01

    Combined radiation and conduction heat transfer through a high-temperature, high-porosity, rigid multiple-fiber fibrous insulation was modeled using a thermal model previously used to model heat transfer in flexible single-fiber fibrous insulation. The rigid insulation studied was alumina enhanced thermal barrier (AETB) at densities between 130 and 260 kilograms per cubic meter. The model consists of using the diffusion approximation for radiation heat transfer, a semi-empirical solid conduction model, and a standard gas conduction model. The relevant parameters needed for the heat transfer model were estimated from steady-state thermal measurements in nitrogen gas at various temperatures and environmental pressures. The heat transfer modeling methodology was evaluated by comparison with standard thermal conductivity measurements, and steady-state thermal measurements in helium and carbon dioxide gases. The heat transfer model is applicable over the temperature range of 300 to 1360 K, pressure range of 0.133 to 101.3 x 10(exp 3) Pa, and over the insulation density range of 130 to 260 kilograms per cubic meter in various gaseous environments.

  19. Early malignant syphilis*

    PubMed Central

    Ortigosa, Yara Martins; Bendazzoli, Paulo Salomão; Barbosa, Angela Marques; Ortigosa, Luciena Cegatto Martins

    2016-01-01

    Early malignant syphilis is a rare and severe variant of secondary syphilis. It is clinically characterized by lesions, which can suppurate and be accompanied by systemic symptoms such as high fever, asthenia, myalgia, and torpor state. We report a diabetic patient with characteristic features of the disease showing favorable evolution of the lesions after appropriate treatment. PMID:28300925

  20. Malignant tumors of childhood

    SciTech Connect

    Brooks, B.J.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 34 papers about malignant tumors. some of the titles are: Invasive Cogenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Leukemia Update, Unusual Perinatal Neoplasms, Lymphoma Update, Gonadal Germ Cell Tumors in Children, Nutritional Status and Cancer of Childhood, and Chemotherapy of Brain tumors in Children.

  1. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR FIBROUS AMPHIBOLE IN VERMICULITE ATTIC INSULATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has developed a test method for the analysis of fibrous amphibole in vermiculite attic insulation. This method was developed to provide the Agency with monitoring tools to study the occurrence and potential for exposure to fibrous amphibo...

  2. Fibrous illite controls productivity in frontier gas sandstones, Moxa Arch, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect

    Luffel, D.L. ); Herrington. K.L. ); Harrison, C.W. )

    1992-12-01

    This paper reports that core, log, and well-test analyses from two wells recently completed in the Frontier sandstone in the Moxa Arch area of Wyoming revealed that fibrous illite severely reduced gas productivity. In this study area, presence of fibrous illite currently cannot be predicted and effects can be recognized only through laboratory tests on preserved cores.

  3. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR FIBROUS AMPHIBOLE IN VERMICULITE ATTIC INSULATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has developed a test method for the analysis of fibrous amphibole in vermiculite attic insulation. This method was developed to provide the Agency with monitoring tools to study the occurrence and potential for exposure to fibrous amphibo...

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor of the accessory parotid gland: a unique case.

    PubMed

    Apuhan, Tayfun; Iwenofu, Hans; Özer, Enver

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are benign spindle-cell neoplasms, mostly originating from the visceral pleura. They are common in individuals aged 20-70 with no sex predilection. To our knowledge, this is the unique case of the solitary fibrous tumor originating from the accessory parotid gland in the literature.

  5. Low level hydrogen peroxide generation from a nonwoven fibrous pectin-cellulose blend

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Fibrous pectic-cellulose (FPC) (cellulose blended with primary cell wall pectin at 2 percent by weight of pectin) is product made from naturally occurring plant fibers. FPC is a fibrous mixture of polysaccharides with a low percent by weight of pectin-based primary cell wall and lipid components att...

  6. Bone sarcomas as second malignant neoplasms following childhood cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Newton, W.A. Jr.; Meadows, A.T.; Shimada, H.; Bunin, G.R.; Vawter, G.F. )

    1991-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between histologic variants of bone sarcomas and previous therapy in patients in whom an unrelated malignant neoplasm had been diagnosed during childhood. Sarcomas of bone were the most common second malignant neoplasm (SMN) reported to the Late Effects Study Group, a 13-institution consortium consisting of pediatric oncology centers from western Europe, Canada, and the United States. The authors attempted to relate the histologic subtypes of the 91 bone tumors to clinical factors such as previous therapy and genetic predisposition because morphologic variants have been shown to have biologic significance in other tumors and may have etiologic import. The literature concerning the subtypes of bone tumors, clinical and experimental, is also reviewed. The authors also investigated the effect of several factors on the time interval from the first diagnosis to the SMN (i.e., the bone sarcoma). Anthracyclines significantly shortened the interval by about 3 years. The primary diagnosis also significantly affected the interval, with leukemia/lymphomas having the shortest interval and retinoblastoma the longest. The authors could not demonstrate any significant relationship between morphologic characteristics of the osteosarcoma and predisposing conditions. However, lesions diagnosed as chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurred almost exclusively in patients who had received radiation therapy to the site in which the SMN developed.

  7. Fabrication and EM shielding properties of electrospining PANi/MWCNT/PEO fibrous membrane and its composite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhichun; Jiang, Xueyong; Liu, Yanju; Leng, Jinsong

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, Polyaniline-based fibrous membranes were fabricated with multi-walled carbon nanotubes and polyethylene oxide (PEO) by the electrospinning method. And then PANi/PEO/MWCNT fibrous membranes reinforced epoxy based nanocomposite was then fabricated. The morphology and electrical properties of PANi /MWCNT /PEO fibrous membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The morphologies of the membranes indicate that the electrospining method can fabricate well nano structures fibrous membrane. The EM properties of the composite reinforced with the electrospining fibrous membrane were measured by vector network analyzer. The results show that the permittivity real, image parts and permeability real part of the composite increase by filling with PANI/PEO and PANI/CNT/PEO membrane. The EM shielding and absorb performance is base on the dielectric dissipation. And different membranes made of different materials show different EM parameter, and different EM shielding performance, which can be used to the EM shielding and stealth material design and fabrication.

  8. Lack of a Common or Characteristic Cytogenetic Anomaly in Solitary Fibrous Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Torabi, Alireza; Lele, Subodh M.; DiMaio, Dominick; Pinnt, Jeffrey C.; Hess, Michelle M.; Nelson, Marilu; Bridge, Julia A

    2008-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a mesenchymal tumor that was initially described as a pleural-based lesion, but later was discovered in many other locations. The light microscopic appearance of solitary fibrous tumor may overlap with other diagnostic entities; however, consistent tumor cell CD34 immunoreactivity is useful in establishing the diagnosis. Limited data suggest that solitary fibrous tumors are karyotypically diverse; a common or characteristic anomaly has not yet emerged for this entity. In this report, cytogenetic analysis of two solitary fibrous tumors, one peritoneal and the other arising in the liver, revealed predominantly structural abnormalities in the former and numerical imbalances in the latter. Clonal karyotypic abnormalities were lacking in three additional solitary fibrous tumors. PMID:18262056

  9. Malignant otitis externa.

    PubMed

    Karaman, Emin; Yilmaz, Mehmet; Ibrahimov, Metin; Haciyev, Yusuf; Enver, Ozgün

    2012-11-01

    Malignant external otitis is a severe infection of the external auditory canal and skull base, which most often affects elderly patients with diabetes mellitus. This disease is still a serious disease associated with cranial nerve complications and high morbidity-mortality rate. Malignant otitis externa requires urgent diagnosis and treatment. The most effective treatment is to control the diabetes and to fight infection with the proper antibiotic and debridement necrotic tissue; sometimes, aggressive surgical management is done. We present our 5-year institutional experience in the management of this disease. The aim of this study was to present our experience with the management of malignant otitis externa. All patients' records with malignant otitis externa during the last 5 years (2007-2012) were retrieved and reviewed. Diabetes mellitus profile, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ear swab for culture and sensitivity, computed tomography, and scintigraphy using technetium 99 and gallium 67 were investigated for all patients. During the last 5 years (2007-2012), 10 patients with the diagnosis of malignant otitis externa were admitted to our clinic for investigation and treatment. There were 7 men and 3 women, all between 64 and 83 years of age, with severe persistent otalgia, purulent otorrhea, granulation tissue in the external auditory canal, and diffuse external otitis, and there were 4 patients with facial nerve palsy. Nine patients were confirmed to have a diabetes, and 4 of these 9 cases just had chronic renal failure and underwent dialysis; the remainder 1 case had no diabetes mellitus, but with chronic renal failure on dialysis. Ear swabs for culture and sensitivity usually revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Local debridement and local and systemic antibiotic treatment were sufficient to control the disease. Facial nerve decompression was done in facial paralysis. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy was performed in facial nervy palsy cases. Malignant otitis externa is

  10. Ossifying fibroma vs fibrous dysplasia of the jaw: molecular and immunological characterization.

    PubMed

    Toyosawa, Satoru; Yuki, Michiko; Kishino, Mitsunobu; Ogawa, Yuzo; Ueda, Takafumi; Murakami, Shumei; Konishi, Eiichi; Iida, Seiji; Kogo, Mikihiko; Komori, Toshihisa; Tomita, Yasuhiko

    2007-03-01

    Ossifying fibroma and fibrous dysplasia of the jaw are maxillofacial fibro-osseous lesions that should be distinguished each other by a pathologist because they show distinct patterns of disease progression. However, both lesions often show similar histological and radiological features, making distinction between the two a diagnostic dilemma. In this study, we performed immunological and molecular analyses of five ossifying fibromas, four cases of extragnathic fibrous dysplasia, and five cases of gnathic fibrous dysplasia with typical histological and radiographic features. First, we examined the difference between fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma in the expression of Runx2 (which determined osteogenic differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells) and other osteogenic markers. Fibroblastic cells in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma showed strong Runx2 expression in the nucleus. The bone matrices of both lesions showed similar expression patterns for all markers tested except for osteocalcin. Immunoreactivity for osteocalcin was strong throughout calcified regions in fibrous dysplasia, but weak in ossifying fibroma lesions. Second, we performed PCR analysis with peptide nucleic acid (PNA) for mutations at the Arg(201) codon of the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein gene (GNAS), which has reported to be a marker for extragnathic fibrous dysplasia. All nine cases of extragnathic or gnathic fibrous dysplasia were positive for this mutation. On the other hand, none of the five cases of ossifying fibroma showed the mutation. These findings indicate that although fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma are similar disease entities, especially in the demonstration of the osteogenic lineage in stromal fibroblast-like cells, they show distinct differences that can be revealed by immunohistochemical detection of osteocalcin expression. Furthermore, PCR analysis with PNA for GNAS mutations at the Arg(201) codon is a useful method to differentiate between

  11. Axonal regeneration through the fibrous scar in lesioned goldfish spinal cord.

    PubMed

    Takeda, A; Atobe, Y; Kadota, T; Goris, R C; Funakoshi, K

    2015-01-22

    Spontaneous nerve regeneration beyond the scar frequently occurs in fish after spinal cord lesions, in contrast to mammals. Here we examined the spatiotemporal relationship between the fibrous scar and axonal regeneration in the goldfish. Within 1 week after hemisection of the spinal cord, the open wound was closed by a fibrous scar that was demarcated from the surrounding nervous tissue by the glia limitans, which was immunoreactive for laminin. Within 1 week after hemisection, regenerating axons entered the fibrous scar, and were surrounded by laminin-coated tubular structures continuous with the glia limitans. Regenerating axons that initially entered the fibrous scar were usually accompanied by glial processes. Within 2-3 weeks after hemisection, the tubular structures became enlarged, and the regenerating axons increased in number, fasciculating in the tubules. Glial processes immunoreactive for glial fibrillary acid protein and 5-hydroxytryptamine neurons then entered the tubular structures to associate with the regenerating axons. The tubular structures developed further, creating tunnels that penetrated the fibrous scar, through which the regenerating axons passed. At 6-12 weeks after hemisection, the fibrous scar was smaller and the enlarged tunnels contained many glial processes and several axons. The findings of present study demonstrated that, following spinal lesions in goldfish, regenerating axons enter and pass the scar tissue. The regenerating axons first enter the fibrous scar with glial elements and then grow through laminin-coated tubular structures within the fibrous scar. Invasion by glial processes and neuronal elements into the tubular structures reduces the fibrous scar area and allows for more regenerating axons to pass beyond the fibrous scar. Copyright © 2014 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Evaluation of polyacrylonitrile electrospun nano-fibrous mats as leukocyte removal filter media.

    PubMed

    Pourbaghi, Raha; Zarrebini, Mohammad; Semnani, Dariush; Pourazar, Abbasali; Akbari, Nahid; Shamsfar, Reihaneh

    2017-09-13

    Removal of leukocytes from blood products is the most effective means for elimination of undesirable side effects and prevention of possible reactions in recipients. Micro-fibrous mats are currently used for removal of leukocytes from blood. In this study, samples of electrospun nano-fibrous mats were produced. The performance of the produced electrospun nano-fibrous mats as means of leukocytes removal from fresh whole blood was both evaluated and compared with that of commercially available micro-fibrous mats. In order to produce the samples, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nano-fibrous mats were made under different electrospinning conditions. Mean fiber diameter, pore characterization and surface roughness of the PAN nano-fibrous mats were determined using image processing technique. In order to evaluate the surface tension of the fabricated mats, water contact angle was measured. The leukocyte removal performance, erythrocytes recovery percent and hemolysis rate of the nano-fibrous mats were compared. The effectiveness of nano-fibrous mats in removing leukocyte was established using both scanning electron microscope and optical microscope. Results showed that for given weight, the fabricated nano-fibrous mats were not only more efficient but also more cost-effective than their commercial counterparts. Results confirmed that changes in mean fiber diameter, the number of layer and weight of each layer in the absence of any chemical reaction or physical surface modification, the fabricated nano-fibrous mats were able to remove 5-log of leukocytes. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Subungual Acral Fibromyxoma Involving the Bone: A Mimicker of Malignancy.

    PubMed

    Carranza, Carmen; Molina-Ruiz, Ana María; Pérez de la Fuente, Teresa; Kutzner, Heinz; Requena, Luis; Santonja, Carlos

    2015-07-01

    Superficial acral fibromyxoma (SAF) is a recently recognized myxoid tumor that usually occurs on the fingers and toes of middle-aged adults. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a SAF on the first left toe that had been slowly growing for 2 years. Hispathologically, the lesion was nonencapsulated and was composed of stellate and spindle cells, arranged in a myxoid matrix. No atypia or mitotic figures were found. Neoplastic cells showed positive staining for CD34 and negative staining for epithelial membrane antigen, actin, desmin, keratins, S-100 protein, and HMB45. Main differential diagnoses of SAF include benign and malignant myxoid and spindle cells tumors, such as myxoid fibrous histiocytoma, superficial angiomyxoma, myxoid neurofibroma, myxoid dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma.

  14. The use of fibrous ion exchangers in gold hydrometallurgy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kautzmann, R. M.; Sampaio, C. H.; Cortina, J. L.; Soldatov, V.; Shunkevich, A.

    2002-10-01

    This article examines a family of ion-exchange fibers, FIBAN, containing primary and secondary amine groups. These ion exchangers have a fiber diameter of 20 40 Μm, high osmotic and mechanic stability, a high rate of adsorption and regeneration, and excellent dynamic characteristics as filtering media. Inparticular, this article discusses the use of FIBAN fibrous ion exchangers in the recovery of gold cyanide andbase-metal cyanides (copper and mercury) from mineral-leaching solutions. The influence of polymer structure and water content on their extraction ability is described, along with key parameters of gold hydrometallurgy such as extraction efficiency, selectivity, pH dependence, gold cyanide loading, kinetics, and stripping.

  15. Determination of physical properties of fibrous thermal insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tilioua, A.; Libessart, L.; Joulin, A.; Lassue, S.; Monod, B.; Jeandel, G.

    2012-10-01

    The objective of this study is to characterize both experimentally and theoretically, conductive and radiative heat transfer within polyester batting. This material is derived from recycled bottles (PET) with fibres of constant diameters. Two other mineral and plant fibrous insulation materials, (glass wool and hemp wool) are also characterized for comparative purposes. To determine the overall thermophysical properties of the tested materials, heat flux measurement are carried out using a device developed in house. The radiative properties of the material are determined by an inverse method based on measurements of transmittance and reflectance using a FTIR spectrometer and by solving the equation of radiative heat transfer. These measures are compared to results of numerical simulations.

  16. Infiltration of fibrous preform in the centrifugal force field

    SciTech Connect

    Nishida, Yoshinori; Shirayanagi, Itaru; Sakai, Yoshibumi; Tozawa, Yasuhisa

    1994-12-31

    The pressure to infiltrate molten aluminum into alumina short fiber preform was generated by centrifugal force, and the start pressure for the infiltration was measured. The fundamental equation of infiltration phenomenon was derived from the equation of the conservation of momentum of fluid flow in the porous media in the centrifugal force field. One-dimensional solution of the equation was obtained to discuss the characteristics of fluid flow in a centrifugal force field. It was made clear that centrifugal force is effective as a motive force to infiltrate molten metal into fibrous preform, the pressure distribution of molten metal in the preform is different from that predicted by D`Arcy`s law and the infiltration is enhanced by centrifugal force.

  17. REPPER—repeats and their periodicities in fibrous proteins

    PubMed Central

    Gruber, Markus; Söding, Johannes; Lupas, Andrei N.

    2005-01-01

    REPPER (REPeats and their PERiodicities) is an integrated server that detects and analyzes regions with short gapless repeats in protein sequences or alignments. It finds periodicities by Fourier Transform (FTwin) and internal similarity analysis (REPwin). FTwin assigns numerical values to amino acids that reflect certain properties, for instance hydrophobicity, and gives information on corresponding periodicities. REPwin uses self-alignments and displays repeats that reveal significant internal similarities. Both programs use a sliding window to ensure that different periodic regions within the same protein are detected independently. FTwin and REPwin are complemented by secondary structure prediction (PSIPRED) and coiled coil prediction (COILS), making the server a versatile analysis tool for sequences of fibrous proteins. REPPER is available at . PMID:15980460

  18. Fracture behavior of low-density fibrous ceramics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, D. J.; Ritter, J. E., Jr.; Lange, F. F.

    1982-01-01

    A study has been carried out to characterize the fracture behavior of a particular class of silica tiles used in the thermal protection system of the Space Shuttle with emphasis on the strength distribution and time dependence of strength. The approach adopted is based on fracture mechanics concepts developed in recent years for the design of brittle materials. The study confirms that proof-testing and tile densification should lead to improved reliability of the thermal protection system. The research also suggests that the subcritical crack growth behavior of the fibrous tiles is similar to that observed in bulk glass of similar composition and that failure occurs by the tensile fracture and fragmentation of individual fibers.

  19. Nonlinear analysis of laminated fibrous composites. Ph.D. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Renieri, G. D.; Herakovich, C. T.

    1976-01-01

    A computerized analysis of the nonlinear behavior of fibrous composite laminates including axial loading, thermal loading, temperature dependent properties, and edge effects is presented. Ramberg-Osgood approximations are used to represent lamina stress-strain behavior and percent retention curves are employed to model the variation of properties with temperature. Balanced, symmetric laminates comprised of either boron/epoxy, graphite/epoxy, or borsic-aluminum are analyzed using a quasi-three-dimensional finite element analysis. Results are presented for the interlaminar stress distributions in cross-ply, angle-ply, and more complex laminates. Nonlinear stress-strain curves for a variety of composite laminates in tension and compression are obtained and compared to other existing theories and experimental results.

  20. Fabrication and characterization of oxide fibrous monoliths produced by coextrusion.

    SciTech Connect

    Polzin, B. J.

    1999-05-19

    Unidirectional fibrous monoliths (FMs) based on dense, strong ZrSiO{sub 4} cells that were surrounded by a porous, weaker ZrSiO{sub 4} cell-boundary phase were fabricated. A duplex filament was coextruded, sectioned, bundled, and the resulting bundle was extruded to form a new filament. This filament was cut and packed into plate and bar dies to produce FM test specimens. Four-point flexural tests were conducted on the cell material, cell-boundary material, and FMs. After testing, fracture surfaces and cross sections were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The FMs exhibited graceful failure in flexural testing, and the fracture surfaces exhibited clear evidence of crack deflection and delamination.

  1. Alumina composites for oxide/oxide fibrous monoliths

    SciTech Connect

    Cruse, T. A.; Polzin, B. J.; Picciolo, J. J.; Singh, D.; Tsaliagos, R. N.; Goretta, K. C.

    2000-03-01

    Most work on ceramic fibrous monoliths (FMs) has focused on the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}/BN system. In an effort to develop oxidation-resistant FMs, several oxide systems have recently been examined. Zirconia-toughened alumina and alumina/mullite appear to be good candidates for the cell phase of FMs. These composites offer higher strength and toughness than pure alumina and good high-temperature stability. By combining these oxides, possibly with a weaker high-temperature oxide as the cell-boundary phase, it should be possible to product a strong, resilient FM that exhibits graceful failure. Several material combinations have been examined. Results on FM fabrication and microstructural development are presented.

  2. Lightweight fibrous nickel electrodes for nickel-hydrogen batteries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Britton, Doris L.

    1989-01-01

    The NASA Lewis Research Center is currently developing nickel electrodes for nickel-hydrogen batteries. These electrodes are lighter in weight and have higher energy densities than the heavier state-of-the-art sintered nickel electrodes. Lightweight fibrous materials or plaques are used as conductive supports for the nickel hydroxide active material. These materials are commercial products that are fabricated into nickel electrodes by electrochemically impregnating them with active material. Evaluation is performed in half cells structured in the bipolar configuration. Initial performance tests include capacity measurements at five discharge levels, C/2, 1.0C, 1.37C, 2.0C, and 2.74C. The electrodes that pass the initial tests are life cycle-tested in a low Earth orbit regime at 80 percent depth of discharge.

  3. Hyperostotic Esthesioneuroblastoma: Rare Variant and Fibrous Dysplasia Mimicker

    PubMed Central

    Knott, Phillip Daniel

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old male presented with a 3-year history of orbital symptoms. An imaging-based diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base was made at another institution. CT showed a diffuse sinonasal mass and ground-glass appearance of the bones of the anterior skull base with bony defects and mucocele formation. MRI demonstrated an accompanying intracranial and orbital rind of soft tissue mass along the hyperostotic bones. FDG-PET showed corresponding intense hypermetabolism. Small cysts were observed at the tumor-brain interface. Biopsy revealed esthesioneuroblastoma with bone infiltration that is compatible with the hyperostotic variant of esthesioneuroblastoma. There are a few cases of hyperostotic esthesioneuroblastoma reported in the literature. PMID:24497807

  4. Novel fibrous catalyst in advanced oxidation of photographic processing effluents.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhuxian; Ishtchenko, Vera V; Huddersman, Katherine D

    2006-01-01

    A novel fibrous catalyst was used to destroy the pollutants in Kodak Non-Silver-Bearing (NSB) photographic processing effluents with high chemical oxygen demand (COD) value. The oxidation activity of the catalyst was evaluated in terms of COD reduction of the effluent. The effects of concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and effluent, amount of catalyst, reaction time and temperature on the COD reduction were studied. In addition, the combination of catalysis with UV treatment on the COD reduction of the effluent was also investigated. Based on the experimental results, room temperature is preferred for the catalytic oxidation of NSB effluent. It was found that COD reduction of the effluent depends on the amount of hydrogen peroxide added to the feed in relation to the mass of catalyst used. Significant COD reduction (up to 52%) is achieved after 4 hours of catalytic treatment. Extending the duration of catalysis up to 24 hours gives further slight decrease in COD value.

  5. Focal fibrous overgrowths: A case series and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Kolte, Abhay P.; Kolte, Rajshri A.; Shrirao, Tushar S.

    2010-01-01

    Intraoral fibrous overgrowths of the soft tissues are relatively common and may be benign reactive or neoplastic lesions. A series of 10 lesions is presented which included pyogenic granuloma, fibroma and peripheral ossifying fibroma. Almost all the lesions occurred in the second and third decades and were present in the anterior segment of the jaws, with a distinct female predilection. Majority of these lesions were asymptomatic and the patients reported for treatment only due to the discomfort during function. Histopathologic examinations were done for diagnosis of these lesions. Surgical excision along with removal of causative irritants remains the treatment of choice. The extent of excision should depend on the severity of the lesion, as some of these lesions have a tendency for recurrence. All the patients in this series were closely followed up for a period of 2 years and showed no signs of recurrence. PMID:22114437

  6. Focal fibrous overgrowths: a case series and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Kolte, Abhay P; Kolte, Rajshri A; Shrirao, Tushar S

    2010-10-01

    Intraoral fibrous overgrowths of the soft tissues are relatively common and may be benign reactive or neoplastic lesions. A series of 10 lesions is presented which included pyogenic granuloma, fibroma and peripheral ossifying fibroma. Almost all the lesions occurred in the second and third decades and were present in the anterior segment of the jaws, with a distinct female predilection. Majority of these lesions were asymptomatic and the patients reported for treatment only due to the discomfort during function. Histopathologic examinations were done for diagnosis of these lesions. Surgical excision along with removal of causative irritants remains the treatment of choice. The extent of excision should depend on the severity of the lesion, as some of these lesions have a tendency for recurrence. All the patients in this series were closely followed up for a period of 2 years and showed no signs of recurrence.

  7. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of pleura: radiologic features in three cases.

    PubMed

    Erasmus, J J; McAdams, H P; Patz, E F; Murray, J G; Pinkard, N B

    1996-01-01

    Our goal was to describe the radiologic features of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor (CEPT) of pleura. Chest radiographs and CT images of three patients, aged 23-34 years, with pathologically proven CFPT of pleura were reviewed with regard to lesion size, location, and appearance. Chest radiographs showed well marginated, noncalcified pleural masses in all cases. Two patients had solitary masses and one had multifocal ipsilateral masses. All masses were located in the inferior aspect of the chest and measured 3-12 cm. All masses were calcified on CT. The calcifications were thick and band-like in two cases and punctate in one. There was no chest wall invasion, pleural effusion, or parenchymal disease. CFPTs of pleura are rare lesions that manifest as calcified pleural masses in young adults.

  8. Non-fibrous inorganic particles in human bronchoalveolar lavage fluids.

    PubMed

    Dumortier, P; De Vuyst, P; Yernault, J C

    1989-12-01

    Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a simple and non-invasive sampling technique of the deep lung. Analytical electron microscopy was used for the identification and quantification of non-fibrous inorganic particles recovered in BAL fluid samples from 51 subjects with various occupational exposures (silica, silicates, metals and alloys, metallic oxides, precious and hard metals, abrasives). Around 4750 particles were analysed. More than sixty different compounds were identified, among which silica, kaolinite, illite, mica, Fe oxides and hydroxides, appeared to be ubiquitous. Feldspar, talc, chlorite, Al oxide, Ti oxide, tungsten carbide, stainless steel, carbonaceous compounds and flyash were also frequently encountered. From 1 to 21 compounds were identified in each sample. Repeated BAL samples obtained for 2 subjects did not show significant differences. Particles characteristic of the occupational exposure were found in BAL up to 21 years after cessation. BAL content can also reflect mixed occupational exposures. Absolute particle concentrations measured in twelve samples ranged between 0.1 and 9.9 x 10(6) particles/ml BAL fluid and mean particle diameter ranged between 0.5 and 1.2 microns. Mineralogical analysis of non-fibrous particles in BAL can be a useful tool to investigate occupational exposures. It allows, in most cases, a better characterization of the exposure than medical questioning. It may be helpful in identifying pathogenic particles, however it must be kept in mind that a positive result is only a proof of exposure and never a proof of disease. The main limitations of this technique are difficulties in sampling severely diseased subjects and inaccuracy in detecting easily soluble compounds and particles with a high rate of alveolar clearance.

  9. Lymphoscintigraphy in malignant melanoma

    SciTech Connect

    Berman, C.G.; Norman, J.; Cruse, C.W.; Reintgen, D.S.; Clark, R.A. )

    1992-01-01

    The development and rationale for the use of lymphoscintigraphy in the preoperative evaluation of patients with malignant melanoma being considered for elective lymph node dissection is reviewed. This overview is updated by an analysis of 135 patients with early stage malignant melanoma involving the head, neck, shoulders, and trunk at Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute at the University of South Florida (Tampa, FL). High discordancy rates (overall, 41%) were seen between drainage patterns predicted from historical anatomical guidelines and those revealed by the lymphoscintigraphic examination. The high discordancy rate was most pronounced in the head (64%) and the neck (73%). Surgical management was changed in 33% of the patients, overall. A preoperative lymphoscintigram is recommended for all patients with melanoma with head, neck, and truncal lesions evaluated for elective lymph node dissection as the lymphatic drainage patterns are often unpredictable and variable.

  10. Malignancy from Radium

    PubMed Central

    Loutit, J. F.

    1970-01-01

    Human experience of the toxicity of radium acts as a guide for the setting of occupationally permissible levels for radioactive nucleides, especially bone-seekers. Reviewing the published statements and photomicrographs in early reports especially those of Martland (1931) one can make a case that malignancy was induced in bone-marrow (leukaemia, malignant myelosclerosis) as well as in bone (osteosarcoma) by radium, especially with large doses. Three case reports of radium intoxication in Britons are noted as compatible with this suggestion, after revised interpretation in two of them. ImagesFigs. 9-10Fig. 4Fig. 5Figs. 11-12Figs. 6-7Fig. 8Figs. 13-14 PMID:5271269

  11. Hyaluronan in human malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Sironen, R.K.; Tammi, M.; Tammi, R.; Auvinen, P.K.; Anttila, M.; Kosma, V-M.

    2011-02-15

    Hyaluronan, a major macropolysaccharide in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues, is intimately involved in the biology of cancer. Hyaluronan accumulates into the stroma of various human tumors and modulates intracellular signaling pathways, cell proliferation, motility and invasive properties of malignant cells. Experimental and clinicopathological evidence highlights the importance of hyaluronan in tumor growth and metastasis. A high stromal hyaluronan content is associated with poorly differentiated tumors and aggressive clinical behavior in human adenocarcinomas. Instead, the squamous cell carcinomas and malignant melanomas tend to have a reduced hyaluronan content. In addition to the stroma-cancer cell interaction, hyaluronan can influence stromal cell recruitment, tumor angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Hyaluronan receptors, hyaluronan synthases and hyaluronan degrading enzymes, hyaluronidases, are involved in the modulation of cancer progression, depending on the tumor type. Furthermore, intracellular signaling and angiogenesis are affected by the degradation products of hyaluronan. Hyaluronan has also therapeutic implications since it is involved in multidrug resistance.

  12. Managing Malignant Cerebral Infarction

    PubMed Central

    Sahuquillo, Juan; Sheth, Kevin N.; Kahle, Kristopher T.; Walcott, Brian P.

    2011-01-01

    Opinion statement Managing patients with malignant cerebral infarction remains one of the foremost challenges in medicine. These patients are at high risk for progressive neurologic deterioration and death due to malignant cerebral edema, and they are best cared for in the intensive care unit of a comprehensive stroke center. Careful initial assessment of neurologic function and of findings on MRI, coupled with frequent reassessment of clinical and radiologic findings using CT or MRI are mandatory to promote the prompt initiation of treatments that will ensure the best outcome in these patients. Significant deterioration in either neurologic function or radiologic findings or both demand timely treatment using the best medical management, which may include osmotherapy (mannitol or hypertonic saline), endotracheal intubation, and mechanical ventilation. Under appropriate circumstances, decompressive craniectomy may be warranted to improve outcome or to prevent death. PMID:21190097

  13. Managing malignant pericardial effusion.

    PubMed Central

    Buzaid, A C; Garewal, H S; Greenberg, B R

    1989-01-01

    The involvement of the pericardium by metastatic tumors is not uncommon, particularly in patients with lung cancer, breast cancer, lymphomas, leukemias, and melanomas. There are five therapeutic modalities for the treatment of malignant pericardial effusion, including pericardiocentesis, pericardial sclerosis, systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgical treatment. The optimal treatment selection is dependent principally on a patient's life expectancy; responsiveness of the tumor to chemotherapy, irradiation, or both; and whether or not cardiac tamponade is present at diagnosis. The overall prognosis of patients with malignant pericardial effusion is primarily influenced by the extent and histologic features of the underlying cancer. Although this condition is usually incurable, a reasonable period of useful palliation can be obtained in most patients. Images PMID:2471362

  14. Palliation of malignant ascites.

    PubMed

    Rosenberg, Stefanie M

    2006-03-01

    The management of recurrent, symptomatic malignant ascites can be problematic for physicians and patients. The most common, low-risk method is large-volume paracentesis. Patient disease progression often leads to rapid reaccumulation of ascites, which requires frequent return visits to the hospital for symptom management. Other techniques have been developed to achieve palliation of symptoms, including tunneled external drainage catheters, peritoneal ports, and peritoneovenous

  15. Lymphoscintigraphy in gynecologic malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Bloomer, W.D.

    1983-01-01

    Lymphoscintigraphy is an easily performed noninvasive procedure that offers the potential to detect small numbers of ascitic tumor cells and early diaphragmatic tumor involvement. Moreover, it can be used to delineate and define abnormalities in lymph nodes that are not routinely visualized by bipedal contrast lymphangiography, ultrasound or computed tomography. Lymphoscintigraphy is recommended as an important investigative and adjunctive procedure in diagnosing gynecologic malignancies; there does not appear to be sufficient sensitivity and specificity to justify its routine clinical use.

  16. Malignant Catatonia Mimicking Pheochromocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Li, Dailin

    2013-01-01

    Malignant catatonia is an unusual and highly fatal neuropsychiatric condition which can present with clinical and biochemical manifestations similar to those of pheochromocytoma. Differentiating between the two diseases is essential as management options greatly diverge. We describe a case of malignant catatonia in a 20-year-old male who presented with concurrent psychotic symptoms and autonomic instability, with markedly increased 24-hour urinary levels of norepinephrine at 1752 nmol/day (normal, 89–470 nmol/day), epinephrine at 1045 nmol/day (normal, <160 nmol/day), and dopamine at 7.9 μmol/day (normal, 0.4–3.3 μmol/day). The patient was treated with multiple sessions of electroconvulsive therapy, which led to complete clinical resolution. Repeat urine collections within weeks of this presenting event revealed normalization or near normalization of his catecholamine and metanephrine levels. Malignant catatonia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the hypercatecholamine state, particularly in a patient who also exhibits concurrent catatonic features. PMID:24251048

  17. Treatment of Malignant Pheochromocytoma

    PubMed Central

    Ajallé, R.; Plouin, P. F.; Pacak, K.; Lehnert, H.

    2013-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare disease, mainly sporadic, but also associated with some familial disorders, with a malignancy frequency of approximately 10%. Only the presence of distant metastases, derived from large pleomorphic chromaffin cells, is widely accepted as a criterion of malignancy. Variable symptoms may be caused by production and release of catecholamines. Since there is no curative treatment for malignant PCC and due to its unfavorable prognosis, assuring quality of life is one of the main therapeutic objectives. Besides a long-term medical treatment of symptoms using selective α-1 blockers and nonselective, noncompetitive α- and / or β-blockers, debulking surgery is the first treatment step. In case of a sufficient uptake of 123I-MIBG treatment with targeted radiation therapy, use of 131I-MIBG is an option as an adjuvant therapy, following debulking surgery. Chemotherapy should be applied to patients without positive MIBG-scan, with no response to 131I-MIBG or progression after radionuclide treatment, and especially in cases with high proliferation index. The most effective chemotherapy regimen appears to be the CVD-scheme, including cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and dacarbazine. The so-called targeted molecular therapies with treatment combinations of temozolomide and thalidomide, or sunitinib monotherapy, and novel therapeutic somatostatin analogues have shown promising results and should thus encourage clinical trials to improve the prognosis of metastatic PCC. Within this review the current treatment modalities and novel molecular strategies in the management of this disease are discussed and a treatment algorithm is suggested. PMID:19672813

  18. Treatment of malignant pheochromocytoma.

    PubMed

    Adjallé, R; Plouin, P F; Pacak, K; Lehnert, H

    2009-09-01

    Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare disease, mainly sporadic, but also associated with some familial disorders, with a malignancy frequency of approximately 10%. Only the presence of distant metastases, derived from large pleomorphic chromaffin cells, is widely accepted as a criterion of malignancy. Variable symptoms may be caused by production and release of catecholamines. Since there is no curative treatment for malignant PCC and due to its unfavorable prognosis, assuring quality of life is one of the main therapeutic objectives. Besides a long-term medical treatment of symptoms using selective alpha-1 blockers and nonselective, noncompetitive alpha- and/or beta-blockers, debulking surgery is the first treatment step. In case of a sufficient uptake of (123)I-MIBG treatment with targeted radiation therapy, use of (131)I-MIBG is an option as an adjuvant therapy, following debulking surgery. Chemotherapy should be applied to patients without positive MIBG-scan, with no response to (131)I-MIBG or progression after radionuclide treatment, and especially in cases with high proliferation index. The most effective chemotherapy regimen appears to be the CVD-scheme, including cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and dacarbazine. The so-called targeted molecular therapies with treatment combinations of temozolomide and thalidomide, or sunitinib monotherapy, and novel therapeutic somatostatin analogues have shown promising results and should thus encourage clinical trials to improve the prognosis of metastatic PCC. Within this review the current treatment modalities and novel molecular strategies in the management of this disease are discussed and a treatment algorithm is suggested.

  19. Asbestos-related malignancy

    SciTech Connect

    Talcott, J.A.; Antman, K.H.

    1988-05-01

    Asbestos-associated malignancies have received significant attention in the lay and medical literature because of the increasing frequency of two asbestos-associated tumors, lung carcinoma and mesothelioma; the wide distribution of asbestos; its status as a prototype environmental carcinogen; and the many recent legal compensation proceedings, for which medical testimony has been required. The understanding of asbestos-associated carcinogenesis has increased through study of animal models, human epidemiology, and, recently, the application of modern molecular biological techniques. However, the detailed mechanisms of carcinogenesis remain unknown. A wide variety of malignancies have been associated with asbestos, although the strongest evidence for a causal association is confined to lung cancer and mesothelioma. Epidemiological studies have provided evidence that both the type of asbestos fiber and the industry in which the exposure occurs may affect the rates of asbestos-associated cancers. It has been shown that asbestos exerts a carcinogenic effect independent of exposure to cigarette smoking that, for lung cancers, is synergistically enhanced by smoking. Other questions remain controversial, such as whether pulmonary fibrosis necessarily precedes asbestos-associated lung cancer and whether some threshold level of exposure to asbestos (including low-dose exposures that may occur in asbestos-associated public buildings) may be safe. Mesothelioma, the most closely asbestos-associated malignancy, has a dismal natural history and has been highly resistant to therapy. However, investigational multi-modality therapy may offer benefit to some patients. 179 references.

  20. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: Clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time

    SciTech Connect

    Shepherd, K.E.; Oliver, L.C.; Kazemi, H. )

    1989-01-01

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected.

  1. Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Malignant Mesothelioma

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2016-11-14

    Biphasic Mesothelioma; Epithelioid Mesothelioma; Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma; Pleural Biphasic Mesothelioma; Pleural Epithelioid Mesothelioma; Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma; Pleural Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma; Recurrent Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma; Recurrent Pleural Malignant Mesothelioma; Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma

  2. Creation of Hybrid Nanorods From Sequences of Natural Trimeric Fibrous Proteins Using the Fibritin Trimerization Motif

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papanikolopoulou, Katerina; van Raaij, Mark J.; Mitraki, Anna

    Stable, artificial fibrous proteins that can be functionalized open new avenues in fields such as bionanomaterials design and fiber engineering. An important source of inspiration for the creation of such proteins are natural fibrous proteins such as collagen, elastin, insect silks, and fibers from phages and viruses. The fibrous parts of this last class of proteins usually adopt trimeric, β-stranded structural folds and are appended to globular, receptor-binding domains. It has been recently shown that the globular domains are essential for correct folding and trimerization and can be successfully substituted by a very small (27-amino acid) trimerization motif from phage T4 fibritin. The hybrid proteins are correctly folded nanorods that can withstand extreme conditions. When the fibrous part derives from the adenovirus fiber shaft, different tissue-targeting specificities can be engineered into the hybrid proteins, which therefore can be used as gene therapy vectors. The integration of such stable nanorods in devices is also a big challenge in the field of biomechanical design. The fibritin foldon domain is a versatile trimerization motif and can be combined with a variety of fibrous motifs, such as coiled-coil, collagenous, and triple β-stranded motifs, provided the appropriate linkers are used. The combination of different motifs within the same fibrous molecule to create stable rods with multiple functions can even be envisioned. We provide a comprehensive overview of the experimental procedures used for designing, creating, and characterizing hybrid fibrous nanorods using the fibritin trimerization motif.

  3. Pulmonary lipomatous hemangiopericytoma: report of a rare tumor and comparison with solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yamazaki, Kazuto; Eyden, Brian P

    2007-01-01

    Lipomatous hemangiopericytoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor showing areas of lipid-containing cells admixed with a spindle-cell component. Like other hemangiopericytomas, it shows a similar vascular pattern to solitary fibrous tumor and, partly for this reason, it and other hemangiopericytomas have been subsumed into solitary fibrous tumor. The present study provides a comprehensive documentation of a single case of pulmonary lipomatous hemangiopericytoma of the lung, the first to be described at this site, and compares it with solitary fibrous tumor, in terms of clinical, histological, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and cytogenetic findings. Apart from the lipid-laden-cell component, pulmonary lipomatous hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumor were similar histologically. Bcl-2 was positive in both. CD34 was minimally expressed in pulmonary lipomatous hemangiopericytoma, which possessed some non-descriptive intercellular junctions, a feature shared by solitary fibrous tumor, which was CD34 positive. However, one of the latter was rich in gap junctions, a feature consistent with strong connexin (Cx) 43 staining and the existence, hitherto unappreciated, of a CD34/Cx43-positive tumor cell network. In pulmonary lipomatous hemangiopericytoma, chromosomal deletions of 43-44, X, -Y were found. In solitary fibrous tumor, 46, XY, del(13)(q?) abnormalities and abnormalities involving chromosome 10 were frequently observed. These similarities and differences are discussed in the context of the currently favored diagnostic fusion of hemangiopericytoma and solitary fibrous tumor.

  4. Our experience in the treatment of Malignant Fibrous Hystiocytoma of the larynx: clinical diagnosis, therapeutic approach and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Motta, Sergio; Marcuccio, Giuseppina; Paccone, Marianna; Rocca, Aldo; Ilardi, Gennaro; Tafuri, Domenico; Mesolella, Massimo; Motta, Gaetano

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and Chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) are both life threatening hemotologic diseases. They are rarely seen to occur simultaneously in one individual patient. Here we demonstrate a case of HS associated with CML in this study. The patient is a young female, diagnosed with HS in 2005, and was given partial embolization of the splenic artery. She got significant remission after the procedure. In 2008, she was found abnormal in blood routine test, after bone marrow routine, chromosome and fusion gene tests, she was diagnosed with CML (chronic phase). She did not receive regular treatment until 3 months prior, and is currently being treated with Dasatimib. She achieved hematological remission, but had no significant improvement in chromosome and fusion gene figures. Due to her severe condition of hemolysis, a splenectomy or an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered.

  5. Determinants of impaired quality of life in patients with fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Majoor, Bas C J; Andela, Cornelie D; Bruggemann, Jens; van de Sande, Michiel A J; Kaptein, Ad A; Hamdy, Neveen A T; Dijkstra, P D Sander; Appelman-Dijkstra, Natasha M

    2017-04-27

    Fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disorder, commonly associated with pain, deformity and fractures, which may significantly impact on quality of life. In this study we evaluate quality of life in patients with fibrous dysplasia using the Short Form-36 and the Brief Pain Inventory questionnaires. Data were compared with those of the general Dutch population. Out of 138 patients from a cohort of 255 patients with fibrous dysplasia that were sent questionnaires assessing quality of life and pain, the response rate was 70.3%, with 97 patients, predominantly female (65%), completing the questionnaires. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia was predominant (n = 62, 64%). Fibrous dysplasia patients had significantly lower quality of life outcome scores than the general Dutch population for all tested domains of the Short Form-36 except for the "Mental health" and the "Role emotional" domains. More severe forms of fibrous dysplasia, had the more severe Short-Form-36 quality of life outcomes, but there was no significant difference in Brief Pain Inventory domains between different subtypes of fibrous dysplasia. Quality of life was lower in patients with higher disease burden, as reflected by high skeletal burden scores (p = 0.003) and high levels of P1NP (p = 0.002). We demonstrate impairments in all domains of quality of life, except for 'Mental health' and 'Role emotional' domains, across the wide spectrum of fibrous dysplasia including its milder forms. We identified high skeletal burden scores, reflecting disease severity, as the most consistent predictor of impaired quality of life. Our findings hold significant clinical implications as they draw attention to the clinically unmet need to address quality of life issues in the management of patients with all subtypes of fibrous dysplasia, including its milder forms.

  6. Improvement of hydrophilic properties of electrospun polyamide-imide fibrous mats by atmospheric-pressure plasma treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Soo-Jin; Yop Rhee, Kyong; Jin, Fan-Long

    2015-03-01

    Polyamide-imide (PAI) fibrous mats were fabricated through electrospinning and further treated with atmospheric-pressure plasma. The surface characteristics of the PAI fibrous mats were examined to determine the effect of plasma treatment on the hydrophilic properties. FT-IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and contact-angle analysis indicated that the hydrophilicity of the PAI fibrous mats increased upon the introduction of hydrophilic groups by plasma treatment. The concentration of functional groups, including oxygen, and the surface roughness of the PAI fibrous mats increased with increasing treatment time. The optimum plasma treatment time for surface modification of the PAI fibrous mats under atmospheric pressure was 120 s.

  7. Amino acid compositions of human hair fibrous protein components purified with two-dimensional electrophoresis.

    PubMed

    Dekio, S; Jidoi, J

    1989-12-01

    Normal human S-carboxymethylated (SCM) hair fibrous protein (HFP) components were purified with two-dimensional electrophoresis, and their amino acid compositions were examined. As previously reported, the SCM cysteine and glycine contents of the crude HFPs were characteristically high and low, respectively, as compared with those reported for the stratum corneum fibrous proteins (SCFPs). However, the SCM cysteine and glycine contents of the purified SCM HFP components were not as high or as low, respectively, but were rather very similar to those of the SCFPs. This suggests that, with respect to cysteine and glycine content, fibrous protein components similar to those of the stratum corneum exist in normal human hair.

  8. Enhancement in optical absorption of silicon fibrous nanostructure produced using femtosecond laser ablation

    SciTech Connect

    Mahmood, Abdul Salam; Venkatakrishnan, Krishnan; Sivakumar, M.; Tan, Bo

    2009-07-20

    Fibrous nanostructures are proposed for the application of solar cell. Irradiation of silicon surface with a few hundred femtosecond laser pulses of fluence 13 kJ/m{sup 2} at 13 MHz pulse frequency in air atmosphere results in the formation of fibrous nanostructure layer on the treated surface that leads to a significant decrease in the reflection of visible radiation. For the visible wavelength, the decreased reflection is a result of the nature of the nanostructure. The Raman peak shift in the irradiated surface confirms that the surface is changed to amorphous silicon due to fibrous nanostructure formation.

  9. Pleomorphic malignant histiocytoma: a rare skin cancer in a patient on azathioprine for ulcerative colitis

    PubMed Central

    Sood, Ruchi; Daw, Hamed A

    2012-01-01

    A 67-year-old female who was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis in 2001, presented with a soft tissue mass in the middle of her back of 4 months duration in April 2011. It was excised; however it recurred at the same site in September 2011. Wide excision of the mass was done. Pathology revealed T1aNxM0 pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. Whole body bones scan and staging CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis was negative for distant metastasis. She received local radiotherapy at the site of excision. No chemotherapy was given. PMID:22761209

  10. Meurigite, a new fibrous iron phosphate resembling kidwellite

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Birch, W.D.; Pring, A.; Self, P.G.; Gibbs, R.B.; Keck, E.; Jensen, M.C.; Foord, E.E.

    1996-01-01

    Meurigite is a new hydrated potassium iron phosphate related to kidwellite and with structural similarities to other late-stage fibrous ferric phosphate species. It has been found at four localities so far - the Santa Rita mine, New Mexico, U.S.A.; the Hagendorf-Sud pegmatite in Bavaria, Germany; granite pegmatite veins at Wycheproof, Victoria. Australia; and at the Gold Quarry Mine, Nevada, U.S.A. The Santa Rita mine is the designated type locality. Meurigite occurs as tabular, elongated crystals forming spherical and hemispherical clusters and drusy coatings. The colour ranges from creamy white to pale yellow and yellowish brown. At the type locality, the hemispheres may reach 2 mm across, but the maximum diameter reached in the other occurrences is usually less than 0.5 mm. A wide variety of secondary phosphate minerals accompanies meurigite at each locality, with dufrenite, cyrilovite. beraunite, rockbridgeite and leucophosphite amongst the most common. Vanadates and uranates occur with meurigite at the Gold Quarry mine. Electron microprobe analysis and separate determination of H2O and CO2 on meurigite from the type locality gave a composition for which several empirical formulae could be calculated. The preferred formula, obtained on the basis of 35 oxygen atoms, is (K0.85Na0.03)??0.88(Fe7.013+Al0.16Cu0.02)??7.19 (PO4)5.11(CO3)0.20(OH) 6.7??7-7.25H2O, which simplifies to KFe73+(PO4)5(OH) 7??8H2O. Qualitative analyses only were obtained for meurigite from the other localities, due to the softness and openness of the aggregates. Because of the fibrous nature of meurigite, it was not possible to determine the crystal structure, hence the exact stoichiometry remains uncertain. The lustre of meurigite varies from vitreous to waxy for the Santa Rita mine mineral, to silky for the more open sprays and internal surfaces elsewhere. The streak is very pale yellow to cream and the estimated Mohs hardness is about 3. Cleavage is perfect on {001] and fragments from the

  11. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Mark J. Rigali

    2001-10-01

    Published mechanical and thermal properties data on a variety of materials was gathered, with focus on materials that have potential with respect to developing wear resistant and damage tolerant composite for mining industry applications. Preliminary core materials of interest include but are not limited to: Diamond, Tungsten Carbide and Cemented Tungsten Carbides, Carbides of Boron, Silicon, Titanium and Aluminum, Diboride of Titanium and Aluminum, Nitrides of Aluminum, Silicon, Titanium, and Boron, Aluminum Oxide, Tungsten, Titanium, Iron, Cobalt and Metal Alloys. Preliminary boundary materials of interest include but are not limited to: W metal, WC-Co, W-Co, WFeNi, and Mo metal and alloys. Several FM test coupons were fabricated with various compositions using the above listed materials. These coupons were consolidated to varying degrees by uniaxial hot pressing, then cut and ground to expose the FM cell structure. One promising system, WC-Co core and WFeNi boundary, was consolidated to 97% of theoretical density, and demonstrates excellent hardness. Data on standard mechanical tests was gathered, and tests will begin on the consolidated test coupons during the upcoming reporting period. The program statements of work for ACR Inc. and its subcontractors, as well as the final contract negotiations, were finalized during the current reporting period. The program start date was February 22nd, 2001. In addition to the current subcontractors, Kennametal Inc., a major manufacturer of cutting tools and wear resistant tooling for the mining industry, expressed considerable interest in ACR's Fibrous Monolith composites for both machine and mining applications. At the request of Kennametal, ARC Inc fabricated and delivered several Fibrous Monolith coupons and components for testing and evaluation in the mining and machine tool applications. Additional samples of Diamond/Tungsten Carbide-6%Cobalt Fibrous Monolith were fabricated and delivered for testing Kennametal's Rapid

  12. [Hyperthermia of malignant tumors].

    PubMed

    Terashima, Hiromi

    2004-04-01

    The results of hyperthermia in the malignant tumors were reviewed. It is well known that hyperthermia enhances the effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy for cancer patients. The clinical study on hyperthermia has been performed in the world since 1975. Several randomized clinical study revealed the benefits of hyperthermia in the head and neck cancers, recurrent breast cancers, and uterine cervical cancers. However, there are many difficulties to perform the hyperthermia in Japan because of lack of man-power and financial aid. Further clinical trials were recommended to obtain the evidences of hyperthermia.

  13. Disseminated Blastomycosis Mimicking Malignancy.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Jennifer L; Tjarks, B Joel; Berg, Aaron; Oliver, Tony

    2017-04-01

    Blastomycosis is an endemic fungal infection commonly found within the Mississippi and Ohio River basins and Great Lakes region. While patients typically present with acute pneumonia, Blastomyces dermatitidis has the potential to spread hematogenously, resulting in disseminated infection of multiple organs. In this report, we describe a 57-year-old male with disseminated blastomycosis acquired in South Dakota. The diagnostic evaluation was confounded by concern for malignancy given the involvement of multiple locations, including brain, lungs, adrenal glands, and testes. Despite aggressive therapy with amphotericin B, the patient succumbed to this infection. Copyright© South Dakota State Medical Association.

  14. In vitro biocompatibility of schwann cells on surfaces of biocompatible polymeric electrospun fibrous and solution-cast film scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Sangsanoh, Pakakrong; Waleetorncheepsawat, Suchada; Suwantong, Orawan; Wutticharoenmongkol, Patcharaporn; Weeranantanapan, Oratai; Chuenjitbuntaworn, Boontharika; Cheepsunthorn, Poonlarp; Pavasant, Prasit; Supaphol, Pitt

    2007-05-01

    The in vitro responses of Schwann cells (RT4-D6P2T, a schwannoma cell line derived from a chemically induced rat peripheral neurotumor) on various types of electrospun fibrous scaffolds of some commercially available biocompatible and biodegradable polymers, i.e., poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV), polycaprolactone (PCL), poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA), and chitosan (CS), were reported in comparison with those of the cells on corresponding solution-cast film scaffolds as well as on a tissue-culture polystyrene plate (TCPS), used as the positive control. At 24 h after cell seeding, the viability of the attached cells on the various substrates could be ranked as follows: PCL film > TCPS > PCL fibrous > PLLA fibrous > PHBV film > CS fibrous approximately CS film approximately PLLA film > PHB film > PHBV fibrous > PHB fibrous. At day 3 of cell culture, the viability of the proliferated cells on the various substrates could be ranked as follows: TCPS > PHBV film > PLLA film > PCL film > PLLA fibrous > PHB film approximately PCL fibrous > CS fibrous > CS film > PHB fibrous > PHBV fibrous. At approximately 8 h after cell seeding, the cells on the flat surfaces of all of the film scaffolds and that of the PCL nanofibrous scaffold appeared in their characteristic spindle shape, while those on the surfaces of the PHB, PHBV, and PLLA macrofibrous scaffolds also appeared in their characteristic spindle shape, but with the cells being able to penetrate to the inner side of the scaffolds.

  15. NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion and STAT6 immunoexpression in extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors: the association between fusion variants and locations.

    PubMed

    Chuang, I-Chieh; Liao, Kuan-Cho; Huang, Hsuan-Ying; Kao, Yu-Chien; Li, Chien-Feng; Huang, Shih-Chiang; Tsai, Jen-Wei; Chen, Ko-Chin; Lan, Jui; Lin, Po-Chun

    2016-05-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm harboring NAB2-STAT6 fusion, which drives STAT6 nuclear relocation. For extrathoracic SFTs, the clinical relevance of this molecular hallmark remains obscure. We assessed STAT6 immunoexpression for 61 extrathoracic SFTs exclusive of the meninges and head and neck, and 25 had analyzable RNAs to distinguish fusion variants by RT-PCR. The immunohistochemical and molecular findings were correlated with clincopathological features and disease-free survival (DFS). Twenty-eight males and 33 females had SFTs in the body cavities (n = 31), extremities (n = 17), and trunk (n = 13), categorized into 53 non-malignant and 8 malignant tumors. The vast majority (n = 57, 93%) exhibited distinctive STAT6 nuclear expression, including malignant ones. The common fusion variants were NAB2ex6-STAT6ex16/17 in 13 SFTs and NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2 in 8, while miscellaneous variants were detected only in 4 SFTs in the limbs and trunk but not in any body cavity-based cases (P = 0.026). The worse DFS was univariately associated with malignant histology (P = 0.04) but unrelated to tumor size, location, or fusion variant. Conclusively, extrathoracic SFTs mostly harbor NAB2ex6-STAT6ex16/17, followed by NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2. Miscellaneous variants are significantly rare in SFTs within the body cavities. The clinical aggressiveness of extrathoraic SFTs is associated with malignant histology but unrelated to the NAB2-STAT6 fusion variants.

  16. Radioimmunotherapy of malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Reilly, R.M. )

    1991-05-01

    The critical issues in radioimmunotherapy are highlighted, and novel ways of improving the therapeutic indexes of radioimmunotherapeutic agents are outlined. The use of radioactively labeled monoclonal antibodies to treat malignant tumors has been investigated in animals and humans. Radionuclides suitable for labeling antibodies for such use include iodine 125, iodine 131, yttrium 90, rhenium 188, and copper 67. Radiobiological factors to be considered in radioimmunotherapy include the size and density of the tumor and the ability of a radiolabeled antibody to penetrate the tumor nodule. The dose of radiation required to destroy a tumor varies; however, the whole-body dose must not exceed 200 rads to avoid irreversible toxicity to the bone marrow. Despite the theoretical inadequacy of radiation doses to tumors indicated by conventional dosimetry, responses have been observed in animals and humans. More reliable and accurate dosimetric methods are under development. The induction of human antimouse antibodies can alter the pharmacokinetics of radiolabeled antibodies. Improving the therapeutic index of radioimmunotherapeutic agents may be achieved through regional therapy, administering a secondary antibody to improve clearance, combining radioimmunotherapy with external-beam irradiation, using an avidin-biotin conjugate system to deliver the radiolabeled antibodies, and addressing the problem of tumor antigen heterogeneity. Researchers are working to reduce or eliminate the clinical problems associated with radioimmunotherapy. Hematologic malignancies, such as lymphomas, are more likely than solid tumors to respond satisfactorily. 110 refs.

  17. Prevention of malignant melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Chaidemenos, G; Stratigos, A; Papakonstantinou, M; Tsatsou, F

    2008-01-01

    The results of Primary Prevention programs, aiming at the decrease of melanoma incidence, were less encouraging than those of Secondary prevention which aims at an early diagnosis of malignant melanoma. Australia was the country with the best results obtained in both Prevention strategies, especially in avoiding intense, though intermittent, UV exposure. The success of these programs encouraged health authorities to initiate their application to other disorders. New sunscreens containing substances correcting the UV-damaged DNA may offer a promising result in the decades to come. However, so far no one epidemiological study has proved the prevention of malignant melanoma with the use of sun protecting agents. A meta-analysis verified the connection between melanoma and solarium use. The protective role of vitamin D in the development of prostate, breast and colon cancer was shown in a meta-analysis. The authors, however, suggest that fair-skinned persons should take oral supplementation of vitamin D, instead of exposing themselves to the sun. The Hellenic Society of Dermatology and Venereology published the results of 5-year-prevention programs in Greece. Their favorable results in the early diagnosis of melanoma justify an intense continuation of these efforts. PMID:18923759

  18. A fibrous dynamic continuum model of the tympanic membrane.

    PubMed

    Rabbitt, R D; Holmes, M H

    1986-12-01

    The geometry and anisotropic ultrastructure of the tympanic membrane are used in combination with curvilinear shell equations to formulate a general continuum model describing its dynamic behavior. Primary terms appearing in the model are associated with shell membrane restoring forces, bending-type structural damping, and transverse inertia. Since the model is based extensively on the physical characteristics of the membrane, it is relatively easy to account for differences between species as well as pathological conditions. The fibrous structure and cone-shaped geometry, readily apparent in mammalian eardrums, introduce several small parameters into the model that are exploited in order to construct a closed-form asymptotic solution. The solution includes the coupling to the three-dimensional motion of the ossicular chain and it includes the frequency-dependent pressure distribution in the auditory canal. When applied to the cat eardrum, this asymptotic solution is shown to reproduce a large manifold of experimentally observed frequency and excitation-dependent vibrational shapes. In addition to the shapes, transient amplitude and phase data for the cat are reproduced.

  19. Oncocytic metaplasia in inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia: Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis.

    PubMed

    Rangel, Ana Lúcia Carrinho Ayrosa; León, Jorge Esquiche; Jorge, Jacks; Lopes, Márcio Ajudarte; Vargas, Pablo Agustín

    2008-03-01

    Oncocytic metaplasia (OM) is not a well-known feature in inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH) lesions, although it may be common, as proposed in our previous study about this lesion. In the present paper, we assessed the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of 18 cases of IFH containing OM areas. All the samples were examined on haematoxylin and eosin stained sections and cytokeratins (AE1/AE3, 34betaE12, CK5, CK7, CK8, CK13, CK14 and CK19), CD15, CD20, CD68, CD45Ro, and LCA primary antibodies were used. The vast majority of IFH occurred in women (n=14) and the most common site of presentation was the buccal vestibule. Oncocytic and salivary duct cells showed uniform immunoreactivity for AE1/AE3, CK7, CK8 and CK19. CD45Ro+ T-lymphocytes were the most common inflammatory cells surrounding the OM areas followed by CD20+ B-lymphocytes. These findings suggest that oncocytic cells present in IFH might develop from salivary duct epithelium, and T-lymphocytes might play an important role in its etiopathogenesis.

  20. Applications of fibrous substrates containing insolubilized phase change polymers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vigo, Tyrone L.; Bruno, Joseph S.

    1993-01-01

    Incorporation of polyethylene glycols into fibrous substrates produces several improved functional properties when they are insolubilized by crosslinking with a methylolamide resin or by polyacetal formation by their reaction with glyoxal. The range of molecular weights of polyols that may be insolubilized is broad as are the curing conditions (0.25-10 min at 80-200C). Most representative fiber types and blends (natural and synthetic) and all types of fabric constructions (woven, nonwoven and knit) have been modified by incorporation of the bound polyols. The most novel property is the thermal adaptability of the modified substrates to many climatic conditions. This adaptability is due to the high latent heat of the crosslinked polyols that function as phase change materials, the hydrophilic nature of the crosslinked polymer and its enhanced thermal conductivity. Other enhanced properties imparted to fabrics include flex and flat abrasion, antimicrobial activity, reduced static charge, resistance to oily soils, resiliency, wind resistance and reduced lint loss. Applications commercialized in the U.S. and Japan include sportswear and skiwear. Several examples of electric sets of properties useful for specific end uses are given. In addition, other uses are biomedical horticultural, aerospace, indoor insulation, automotive interiors and components and packaging material.

  1. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Nasal Cavity: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Mathew, George Ani; Ashish, Gaurav; Tyagi, Amit Kumar; Chandrashekharan, Ramanathan; Paul, Roshna Rose

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) of the nose and paranasal sinuses are extremely rare. These were originally described as neoplasms of the pleura originating from spindle cells. It is further sub-classified as a benign type of mesothelial tumour. Its occurrence in many extra pleural sites have been reported earlier, mainly in the liver, parapharyngeal space, sublingual glands, tongue, parotid gland, thyroid, periorbital region, and very occasionally in the nose and paranasal sinus area. Case Report: A 28-year-old man with a 6 month history of persistent progressive left nasal obstruction and watering of the left eye is reported. Further imaging by CT and MRI revealed a large, left-sided, highly vascular, nasal cavity mass (Figs.1-4) pushing laterally on the medial wall of the maxilla. The patient underwent a lateral rhinotomy, which proceeded with the excision of the mass. Histopathological analysis of the specimen was consistent with SFT. Conclusion: This case is reported to develop insights regarding diagnosis and management of such rare tumours. PMID:26788480

  2. Nanoscale dynamics and aging of fibrous peptide-based gels

    SciTech Connect

    Dudukovic, Nikola A.; Zukoski, Charles F.

    2014-10-28

    Solutions of the aromatic dipeptide derivative molecule fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) in dimethyl sulfoxide produce fibrous gels when mixed with water. We study the evolution of density fluctuations of this three-component system using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) and compare these results to the macroscopic rheology of the gels and optical observations of the microstructure evolution. At the investigated scattering angles, the intensity autocorrelation functions do not follow behavior expected for simple diffusion of individual Fmoc-FF molecules localized within cages of nearest neighbors. Instead, the dynamics are associated with density fluctuations on length scales of ∼10–100 nm arising from disaggregation and reformation of fibers, leading to an increasingly uniform network. This process is correlated with the growth of the elastic modulus, which saturates at long times. Autocorrelation functions and relaxation times acquired from XPCS measurements are consistent with relaxation rates of structures at dynamic equilibrium. This study provides further support to the concept of exploring peptide-based gelators as valence-limited patchy particles capable of forming equilibrium gels.

  3. Imaging of the Fibrous Cap in Atherosclerotic Carotid Plaque

    SciTech Connect

    Saba, Luca; Potters, Fons; Lugt, Aad van der; Mallarini, Giorgio

    2010-08-15

    In the last two decades, a substantial number of articles have been published to provide diagnostic solutions for patients with carotid atherosclerotic disease. These articles have resulted in a shift of opinion regarding the identification of stroke risk in patients with carotid atherosclerotic disease. In the recent past, the degree of carotid artery stenosis was the sole determinant for performing carotid intervention (carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting) in these patients. We now know that the degree of stenosis is only one marker for future cerebrovascular events. If one wants to determine the risk of these events more accurately, other parameters must be taken into account; among these parameters are plaque composition, presence and state of the fibrous cap (FC), intraplaque haemorrhage, plaque ulceration, and plaque location. In particular, the FC is an important structure for the stability of the plaque, and its rupture is highly associated with a recent history of transient ischaemic attack or stroke. The subject of this review is imaging of the FC.

  4. Strain-driven criticality underlies nonlinear mechanics of fibrous networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, A.; Licup, A. J.; Rens, R.; Vahabi, M.; Jansen, K. A.; Koenderink, G. H.; MacKintosh, F. C.

    2016-10-01

    Networks with only central force interactions are floppy when their average connectivity is below an isostatic threshold. Although such networks are mechanically unstable, they can become rigid when strained. It was recently shown that the transition from floppy to rigid states as a function of simple shear strain is continuous, with hallmark signatures of criticality [Sharma et al., Nature Phys. 12, 584 (2016), 10.1038/nphys3628]. The nonlinear mechanical response of collagen networks was shown to be quantitatively described within the framework of such mechanical critical phenomenon. Here, we provide a more quantitative characterization of critical behavior in subisostatic networks. Using finite-size scaling we demonstrate the divergence of strain fluctuations in the network at well-defined critical strain. We show that the characteristic strain corresponding to the onset of strain stiffening is distinct from but related to this critical strain in a way that depends on critical exponents. We confirm this prediction experimentally for collagen networks. Moreover, we find that the apparent critical exponents are largely independent of the spatial dimensionality. With subisostaticity as the only required condition, strain-driven criticality is expected to be a general feature of biologically relevant fibrous networks.

  5. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher; Kenneth L. Knittel

    2002-10-01

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM systems studied were: WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, diamond/WC-Co, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN. Extrudable formulations for the materials listed were developed during the first twelve months of this effort, and work during the reporting period was focused on the development of optimized binder removal processes. A two stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. In addition, changes in the binder removal atmosphere resulted in the apparent elimination of residual carbon, an important consideration when consolidating WC-Co containing systems. Using the improved binder removal processes, parts were consolidated by both sintering and hot pressing to >99% theoretical density. Samples of these materials were sent to Kyocera for mechanical evaluations. Fabrication of drill bit inserts was begun, and binder removal begun during the reporting period. A total of 24 green inserts were fabricated, and will be consolidated and delivered for field testing during the upcoming reporting period.

  6. Nanoscale dynamics and aging of fibrous peptide-based gels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudukovic, Nikola A.; Zukoski, Charles F.

    2014-10-01

    Solutions of the aromatic dipeptide derivative molecule fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) in dimethyl sulfoxide produce fibrous gels when mixed with water. We study the evolution of density fluctuations of this three-component system using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) and compare these results to the macroscopic rheology of the gels and optical observations of the microstructure evolution. At the investigated scattering angles, the intensity autocorrelation functions do not follow behavior expected for simple diffusion of individual Fmoc-FF molecules localized within cages of nearest neighbors. Instead, the dynamics are associated with density fluctuations on length scales of ˜10-100 nm arising from disaggregation and reformation of fibers, leading to an increasingly uniform network. This process is correlated with the growth of the elastic modulus, which saturates at long times. Autocorrelation functions and relaxation times acquired from XPCS measurements are consistent with relaxation rates of structures at dynamic equilibrium. This study provides further support to the concept of exploring peptide-based gelators as valence-limited patchy particles capable of forming equilibrium gels.

  7. Human exposure to carbon-based fibrous nanomaterials: A review.

    PubMed

    Guseva Canu, Irina; Bateson, Thomas F; Bouvard, Veronique; Debia, Maximilien; Dion, Chantal; Savolainen, Kai; Yu, Il-Je

    2016-03-01

    In an emerging field of nanotechnologies, assessment of exposure to carbon nanotubes (CNT) and carbon nanofibers (CNF) is an integral component of occupational and environmental epidemiology, risk assessment and management, as well as regulatory actions. The current state of knowledge on exposure to carbon-based fibrous nanomaterials among workers, consumers and general population was studied in frame of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs-Volume 111 "Some Nanomaterials and Some Fibres". Completeness and reliability of available exposure data for use in epidemiology and risk assessment were assessed. Occupational exposure to CNT/CNF may be of concern at all stages of the material life-cycle from research through manufacture to use and disposal. Consumer and environmental exposures are only estimated by modeled data. The available information of the final steps of the life-cycle of these materials remains incomplete so far regarding amounts of handled materials and levels of exposure. The quality and amount of information available on the uses and applications of CNT/CNF should be improved to enable quantitative assessment of human exposure to these materials. For that, coordinated effort in producing surveys and exposure inventories based on harmonized strategy of material test, exposure measurement and reporting results is strongly encouraged. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  8. Reactive oxygen metabolites produced by the carcinogenic fibrous mineral erionite.

    PubMed

    Urano, N; Yano, E; Evans, P H

    1991-02-01

    Erionite, a fibrous mineral and the causative agent of the endemic outbreak of mesothelioma in Turkey, has been shown to generate reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). In order to investigate the mechanism of the production of ROM by erionite from PMN, a luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) method was utilized. Human peripheral blood PMN were incubated with 50-800 micrograms/ml of erionite. PMN CL was produced immediately after the addition of erionite; the maximal CL production was reached within 2 to 6 min and the CL response increased with the dose of erionite. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, and dimethyl sulfoxide were utilized as scavengers of O2-, H2O2, and OH., respectively. These scavengers inhibited the production of erionite-stimulated PMN CL dose dependently, thus indicating the production of O2-, H2O2, and OH. by erionite-stimulated PMN. The less phagocytically active cells, namely, mononuclear cells and erythrocytes, produced CL immediately after the addition of erionite or phorbol myristate acetate and displayed a significant delay period after the addition of zymosan. Therefore, the direct interaction between the cell surface membrane and erionite would appear to be more important than phagocytosis, per se, for the production of ROM by erionite.

  9. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Mark J. Rigali; Kenneth L. Knittel; Mike L. Fulcher

    2002-03-01

    During this reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials identified as contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. The FM structures fabricated were: diamond/WC-Co, B{sub 4}C/WC-Co, TiB{sub 2}/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co, WC-Co/WC-Co. Results of our consolidation densification studies on these systems lead to the down-selection of WC-Co/WC-Co, WC-Co/Co and diamond/WC-Co for further development for mining applications including drill bit inserts, roof bit inserts, radial tools conical tools and wear plates (WC-Co based system only) for earth moving equipment. Prototype component fabrication focused on the fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tools, diamond/WC-Co coated drill bit insert prototypes. Fabrication of WC-Co/WC-Co FM insert prototypes for a grader blade is also underway. ACR plans to initiate field-testing of the drill bit insert prototypes and the grader blade insert this summer (2002). The first WC-Co/WC-Co FM conical tool prototypes were sent to Kennametal for evaluation towards the end of the current reporting period.

  10. Reactive oxygen metabolites produced by the carcinogenic fibrous mineral erionite

    SciTech Connect

    Urano, Naoko; Yano, Eiji ); Evans, P.H. )

    1991-02-01

    Erionite, a fibrous mineral and the causative agent of the endemic outbreak of mesothelioma in Turkey, has been shown to generate reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). In order to investigate the mechanism of the production of ROM by erionite from PMN, a luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) method was utilized. Human peripheral blood PMN were incubated with 50-800 {mu}g/ml of erionite. PMN CL was produced immediately after the addition of erionite; the maximal CL production was reached within 2 to 6 minutes and the CL response increased with the dose of erionite. Superoxide dismutase, catalase, and dimethyl sulfoxide were utilized as scavengers of O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, and OH, respectively. These scavengers inhibited the production of erionite-stimulated PMN CL dose dependently, thus indicating the production of O{sub 2}{sup {minus}}, H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, and OH by erionite-stimulated PMN. The less phagocytically active cells, namely, mononuclear cells and erythrocytes, produced CL immediately after the addition of erionite or phorbol myristate acetate and displayed a significant delay period after the addition of zymosan. Therefore, the direct interaction between the cell surface membrane and erionite would appear to be more important than phagocytosis, per se, for the production of ROM by erionite.

  11. Correction of inverted nipple with periductal fibrous flaps.

    PubMed

    Megumi, Y

    1991-08-01

    I devised a method to correct the inverted nipple considering the preservation of the lactiferous ducts, sensory fibers to the nipple, and the contracting function of the areolar muscle. Excision of the excess skin at the base of the nipple was done in three diamonds fashion, and they were located at 2, 6, and 10 o'clock positions not to jeopardize the sensory fibers to the nipple. To release the fastened nipple, the periductal fibrous tissue was thoroughly dissected and made into three flaps pedicled inferiorly. These three flaps were sutured to the dermis of the periareolar skin to pull up the nipple base by means of traction in three directions. The purse-string suture, the dermal stitch on the shorter diagonals of the diamond-shaped defects, anchors the skin-muscle bridges caught at the base of the ductal column, makes the nipple base narrower, obtains stable anchoring, helps the areolar muscle contraction to resume, and prevents the recurrence of the inversion. The use of the periductal tissue as flaps to bring in areolar skin for easier anchoring and for more prominent eversion of the nipple has not been described in the literature.

  12. A Study of Failure Criteria of Fibrous Composite Materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paris, Federico; Jackson, Karen E. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The research described in this paper is focused on two areas: (1) evaluation of existing composite failure criteria in the nonlinear, explicit transient dynamic finite element code, MSC.Dytran, and (2) exploration of the possibilities for modification of material and failure models to account for large deformations, progressive failure, and interaction of damage accumulation with stress/strain response of laminated composites. Following a review of the MSC.Dytran user manual, a bibliographical review of existing failure criteria of composites was performed. The papers considered most interesting for the objective of this report are discussed in section 2. The failure criteria included in the code under consideration are discussed in section 3. A critical summary of the present procedures to perform analysis and design of composites is presented in section 4. A study of the most important historical failure criteria for fibrous composite materials and some of the more recent modifications proposed were studied. The result of this analysis highlighted inadequacies in the existing failure criteria and the need to perform some numerical analyses to elucidate the answer to questions on which some of the proposed criteria are based. A summary of these ideas, which is a proposal of studies to be developed, is presented in section 5. Finally, some ideas for future developments are summarized in section 6.

  13. Surgical treatment of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia in adults.

    PubMed

    Bowers, Christian A; Taussky, Philipp; Couldwell, William T

    2014-01-01

    Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare disorder that may require neurosurgical expertise for definitive management; however, surgical management of FD in adult patients is uncommon. Although other therapies have been shown to slow progression, the only definitive cure for adult craniofacial FD is complete resection with subsequent reconstruction. The authors review the biological, epidemiologic, clinical, genetic, and radiographic characteristics of adult FD, with an emphasis on surgical management of FD. They present a small series of three adult patients with complex FD that highlights the surgical complexity required in some adult patients with FD. Because of the complex nature of these adult polyostotic craniofacial cases, the authors used neurosurgical techniques specific to the different surgical indications, including a transsphenoidal approach for resection of sphenoidal sinus FD, a transmaxillary approach to decompress the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve with widening of the foramen rotundum, and complete calvarial craniectomy with cranioplasty reconstruction. These cases exemplify the diverse range of skull base techniques required in the spectrum of surgical management of adult FD and demonstrate that novel variations on standard neurosurgical approaches to the skull base can provide successful outcomes with minimal complications in adults with complex craniofacial FD.

  14. [A case of solitary fibrous tumor in the sella turcica].

    PubMed

    Shimizu, Kiyoharu; Tominaga, Atsushi; Kinoshita, Yasuyuki; Usui, Satoshi; Sugiyama, Kazuhiko; Kurisu, Kaoru

    2013-10-01

    A 64-year-old male presented with an incidental tumor in the sella turcica during a brain medical checkup. Because he lacked any neurological symptoms or signs of pituitary dysfunction, the patient did not undergo surgery. Three years later, visual disturbances developed, including poor eyesight and visual field defects. The response to the growth hormone(GH)releasing peptide-2 demonstrated severe GH deficiency. MRI revealed an enlarged tumor appearing as a mosaic pattern of high and very low intensity on T2-weighted imaging. The region of very low intensity on T2-weighted imaging exhibited enhancement after T1 gadolinium-DTPA administration. The tumor was totally removed via the microscopic trans-sphenoidal approach in combination with endoscopic observation. The hard tumor adhered to the dura of the sella turcica and the medial wall of the left cavernous sinus. Histological verification confirmed a solitary fibrous tumor(SFT). Fourteen months after the operation, MRI revealed no recurrent tumors. SFT infrequently occurs in the sella turcica; however it should be included in the differential diagnosis in cases of enhanced tumors with marked low intensity on T2-weighted imaging.

  15. Nanoscale dynamics and aging of fibrous peptide-based gels.

    PubMed

    Dudukovic, Nikola A; Zukoski, Charles F

    2014-10-28

    Solutions of the aromatic dipeptide derivative molecule fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-diphenylalanine (Fmoc-FF) in dimethyl sulfoxide produce fibrous gels when mixed with water. We study the evolution of density fluctuations of this three-component system using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) and compare these results to the macroscopic rheology of the gels and optical observations of the microstructure evolution. At the investigated scattering angles, the intensity autocorrelation functions do not follow behavior expected for simple diffusion of individual Fmoc-FF molecules localized within cages of nearest neighbors. Instead, the dynamics are associated with density fluctuations on length scales of ~10-100 nm arising from disaggregation and reformation of fibers, leading to an increasingly uniform network. This process is correlated with the growth of the elastic modulus, which saturates at long times. Autocorrelation functions and relaxation times acquired from XPCS measurements are consistent with relaxation rates of structures at dynamic equilibrium. This study provides further support to the concept of exploring peptide-based gelators as valence-limited patchy particles capable of forming equilibrium gels.

  16. Properties of nanoparticles affecting simulation of fibrous gas filter performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tronville, Paolo; Rivers, Richard

    2015-05-01

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes allow detailed simulation of the flow of gases through fibrous filter media. When the pattern of gas flow between fibers has been established, simulated particles of any desired size can be “injected” into the entering gas stream, and their paths under the influence of aerodynamic drag, Brownian motion and electrostatic forces tracked. Particles either collide with a fiber, or pass through the entire filter medium. They may bounce off the fiber surface, or adhere firmly to the surface or to particles previously captured. Simulated injection of many particles at random locations in the entering stream allows the average probability of capture to be calculated. Many particle properties must be available as parameters for the equations defining the forces on particles in the gas stream, at the moment of contact with a fiber, and after contact. Accurate values for all properties are needed, not only for predicting particle capture in actual service, but also to validate models for media geometries and computational procedures used in CFD. We present a survey of existing literature on the properties influencing nanoparticle dynamics and adhesion.

  17. Cellular forces and matrix assembly coordinate fibrous tissue repair

    PubMed Central

    Sakar, Mahmut Selman; Eyckmans, Jeroen; Pieters, Roel; Eberli, Daniel; Nelson, Bradley J.; Chen, Christopher S.

    2016-01-01

    Planar in vitro models have been invaluable tools to identify the mechanical basis of wound closure. Although these models may recapitulate closure dynamics of epithelial cell sheets, they fail to capture how a wounded fibrous tissue rebuilds its 3D architecture. Here we develop a 3D biomimetic model for soft tissue repair and demonstrate that fibroblasts ensconced in a collagen matrix rapidly close microsurgically induced defects within 24 h. Traction force microscopy and time-lapse imaging reveal that closure of gaps begins with contractility-mediated whole-tissue deformations. Subsequently, tangentially migrating fibroblasts along the wound edge tow and assemble a progressively thickening fibronectin template inside the gap that provide the substrate for cells to complete closure. Unlike previously reported mechanisms based on lamellipodial protrusions and purse-string contraction, our data reveal a mode of stromal closure in which coordination of tissue-scale deformations, matrix assembly and cell migration act together to restore 3D tissue architecture. PMID:26980715

  18. A parametric study of fracture toughness of fibrous composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Poe, C. C., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Impacts to fibrous composite laminates by objects with low velocities can break fibers giving crack-like damage. The damage may not extend completely through a thick laminate. The tension strength of these damage laminates is reduced much like that of cracked metals. The fracture toughness depends on fiber and matrix properties, fiber orientations, and stacking sequence. Accordingly, a parametric study was made to determine how fiber and matrix properties and fiber orientations affect fracture toughness and notch sensitivity. The values of fracture toughness were predicted from the elastic constants of the laminate and the failing strain of the fibers using a general fracture toughness parameter developed previously. For a variety of laminates, values of fracture toughness from tests of center-cracked specimens and values of residual strength from tests of thick laminates with surface cracks were compared to the predictions to give credibility to the study. In contrast to the usual behavior of metals, it is shown that both ultimate tensile strength and fracture toughness of composites can be increased without increasing notch sensitivity.

  19. Virtual surgical planning for extensive fibrous dysplasia in the mandible.

    PubMed

    Villar-Puchades, R; Ramos-Medina, B

    2014-10-01

    The reconstruction of extensive mandibular defects is a challenge for which virtual surgical planning is extremely helpful. This report describes the case of a 33-year-old woman who experienced the gradual development of a severe mandibular deformity with elongation of the chin and mandibular border because of fibrous dysplasia. Consequently, 19 cm of the mandible extending from the neck of the condyle to the contralateral body was resected together with vestibular and lingual deformities. This bone was replaced with a fibula-free flap. For planning, a virtual resection was performed via a Web conference, followed by virtual reconstruction by superimposition of the fibula on the mandibular defect after the creation of three osteotomies. A stereolithographic model of the reconstructed mandible and cutting guides for the mandibular resection and fibula osteotomies were made. The stereolithographic model of the neo-mandible allowed prebending of a reconstruction plate before the surgery because the deformity did not allow this to be performed intraoperatively. The cutting guides shortened the operating time and enabled accurate reproduction of the virtual plan with exact bone-to-bone contact in the reconstructed mandible. Surgical virtual planning, despite its upfront cost, is a time-saving procedure, which is especially important in complex reconstruction cases, and eliminates the variability of surgical expertise for flap in-setting.

  20. Antibacterial Biphenanthrenes from the Fibrous Roots of Bletilla striata.

    PubMed

    Qian, Chao-Dong; Jiang, Fu-Sheng; Yu, Hang-Su; Shen, Yong; Fu, Yu-Hang; Cheng, Dong-Qing; Gan, Li-She; Ding, Zhi-Shan

    2015-04-24

    Four new 9',10'-dihydro-biphenanthrenes, including an unprecedented 1,2'-linked biphenanthrene, 4,7,3',5'-tetramethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,2'-biphenanthrene)-2,7'-diol (1), a new 1,3'-linked biphenanthrene, 4,7,7'-trimethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,3'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',5'-triol (2), and two new 1,1'-linked biphenanthrenes, 4,7,4'-trimethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,1'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',7'-triol (3) and 4,7,3',5'-tetramethoxy-9',10'-dihydro(1,1'-biphenanthrene)-2,2',7'-triol (4), as well as two known biphenanthrenes (5, 6), were isolated from a 95% ethanol extract of the fibrous roots of Bletilla striata. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and spectrometric methods. Atropisomerism of these compounds was considered based on their chiral optical properties and potential energy surface scans at the ab initio HF/3-21G level, which revealed their racemic mixture form. Compounds 2-6 showed potent antibacterial activities against six Gram-positive bacterial strains.

  1. Fibrous adsorbent for removal of aqueous aromatic hydrocarbons.

    PubMed

    Jung, Yong-Jun; Kiso, Yoshiaki; Oguchi, Tatsuo; Yamada, Toshiro; Takagi, Hiroo; Nishimura, Kazuyuki

    2007-01-01

    Bundles of a strongly hydrophobic fibrous material (p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole; PBO; Zylon) were employed as an adsorbent for the removal of aqueous aromatic compounds, because the PBO fibers are too rigid to be woven and did not entrap suspended solids. The removal performance for nine kinds of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was evaluated. PAHs and DEHP at initial concentrations of 50 microg L(-1) were removed at 72.5-99.9% and ca. 95%, respectively, although the removal efficiencies were affected by the phase ratio (fiber weight/solution volume). The logarithm of the partition coefficient (log K) for planar PAHs was linearly correlated with the logarithm of the n-octanol/water partition coefficient (log P), but nonplanar PAHs, such as cis-stilbene, p-terphenyl, and o-terphenyl, showed significantly lower adsorption performance. The adsorbed PAHs were not desorbed effectively with CH3CN, CH2Cl2, and toluene. On the other hand, DEHP was effectively desorbed with methanol.

  2. Alternating magnetic field heat behaviors of PVDF fibrous mats filled with iron oxide nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jinu; Choi, Jung-Su; Yang, Heejae; Ko, Frank K.; Kim, Ki Hyeon

    2016-05-01

    To study the magnetic heat behaviors, iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) and the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) fibrous mats filled with IONPs were prepared by using coprecipitaion method and the electrospinning technique. The synthesized IONPs exhibited a magnetization of about 72 emu/g with average diameter of about 10 nm. The magnetizations of PVDF fibrous mats filled with IONPs showed 2.6 emu/g, 5.5 emu/g and 9.9 emu/g for 5 wt.%, 10 wt.% and 20 wt.% IONPs concentration, respectively. The heat of the magnetic fibrous mats were measured under various alternating magnetic fields (90, 128, and 167 Oe), frequencies (190, 250 and 355 kHz). The maximum saturated temperature showed up to 62 °C for 20 wt.% IONPs filled in PVDF fibrous mat under 167 Oe and 355 kHz.

  3. Vertical wicking tester for monitoring water transportation behavior in fibrous assembly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Pratibha; Chatterjee, Arobindo; Ghosh, Subrata

    2016-10-01

    An instrument based on the principle of change of resistance of fibrous assembly on wetting has been developed for precise monitoring of the water transportation behaviour in the fibrous assemblies. The conducting probes sense the change in resistance of a dry fibrous assembly on wetting. This change in resistance generates analog signals which trigger an amplifying circuit. This circuit produces an enlarged copy of the received signals which are further converted to digital signals by a Darlington pair and are encoded to measurable quantity with the help of a microcontroller. The data thus obtained are displayed on a suitable display device. Comparison between conventional strip test and experimental results obtained by the developed instrument shows its reliability. The developed instrument measures the initial rate of water transport with increased precision and hence could be used for detailed study of fluid flow in the fibrous structure.

  4. Case report 207: Giant cell reparative granuloma of left femur arising in polyostatic fibrous dysplasia

    SciTech Connect

    De Smet, A.A.; Travers, H.; Neff, J.R.

    1982-08-01

    Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lytic lesions in the femur are discussed. Roentgenograms, a tomogram and pathological studies of a giant cell reparative granuloma of left femur arising in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia are presented.

  5. Vertical wicking tester for monitoring water transportation behavior in fibrous assembly.

    PubMed

    Singh, Pratibha; Chatterjee, Arobindo; Ghosh, Subrata

    2016-10-01

    An instrument based on the principle of change of resistance of fibrous assembly on wetting has been developed for precise monitoring of the water transportation behaviour in the fibrous assemblies. The conducting probes sense the change in resistance of a dry fibrous assembly on wetting. This change in resistance generates analog signals which trigger an amplifying circuit. This circuit produces an enlarged copy of the received signals which are further converted to digital signals by a Darlington pair and are encoded to measurable quantity with the help of a microcontroller. The data thus obtained are displayed on a suitable display device. Comparison between conventional strip test and experimental results obtained by the developed instrument shows its reliability. The developed instrument measures the initial rate of water transport with increased precision and hence could be used for detailed study of fluid flow in the fibrous structure.

  6. Short-term microdamageability of a fibrous composite with physically nonlinear matrix and microdamaged reinforcement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khoroshun, L. P.; Shikula, E. N.

    2006-02-01

    A structural theory of short-term microdamage is proposed for a fibrous composite with physically nonlinear matrix and microdamaged reinforcement. The theory is based on the stochastic elasticity equations of a fibrous composite with porous fibers. Microvolumes of the fiber material are damaged in accordance with the Huber-Mises failure criterion. A balance equation for damaged microvolumes in the reinforcement is derived. This equation together with the equations relating macrostresses and macrostrains of a fibrous composite with porous reinforcement and physically nonlinear matrix constitute a closed-form system. This system describes the coupled processes of physically nonlinear deformation and microdamage that occur in different components of the composite. Algorithms are proposed for computing the dependences of microdamage on macrostrains and macrostresses on macrostrains. Uniaxial tension curves are plotted for a fibrous composite with a linearly hardening matrix

  7. Effect of laser parameters and assist gas on spectral response of silicon fibrous nanostructure

    SciTech Connect

    Mahmood, Abdul Salam; Venkatakrishnan, Krishnan; Alubiady, M.; Tan, Bo

    2010-11-15

    This article report, for the first time, the influence of laser parameters on the spectral response of weblike silicon fibrous nanostructures. These nanostructures are formed by femtosecond laser irradiation at megahertz pulse frequency under atmosphere and nitrogen ambient. The observed decreasing in reflectance is correlated with the density of fibrous nanostructures and the size of the agglomerated nanoparticles. Compared to bulk silicon, Raman spectra of fibrous nanostructures shows a downward shift and asymmetric broadening at the first order phonon peak. The shift and broadening are attributed to phonon confinement of fibrous nanostructure. Polarization and nitrogen gas modify the morphology of generated nanomaterials but does not have effect on light absorptance. Pulsewidth and pulse frequency do not have significant effect on light absorptance.

  8. LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1 fusion genes identified by RNA sequencing in aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma with t(3;11)(p21;q13).

    PubMed

    Panagopoulos, Ioannis; Gorunova, Ludmila; Bjerkehagen, Bodil; Lobmaier, Ingvild; Heim, Sverre

    2015-11-01

    RNA sequencing of an aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma with the karyotype 46,XY,t(3;11)(p21;q13),del(6)(p23)[17]/46,XY[2] showed that the t(3;11) generated two fusion genes: LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1. RT-PCR together with Sanger sequencing verified the presence of fusion transcripts from both fusion genes. In the LAMTOR1-PRKCD fusion, the part of the PRKCD gene coding for the catalytic domain of the serine/threonine kinase is under control of the LAMTOR1 promoter. In the NUMA1-SFMBT1 fusion, the part of the SFMBT1 gene coding for two of four malignant brain tumor domains and the sterile alpha motif domain is controlled by the NUMA1 promoter. The data support a neoplastic genesis of aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma and indicate a pathogenetic role for LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Translational advances in pleural malignancies.

    PubMed

    Stathopoulos, Georgios T

    2011-01-01

    Pleural malignancies, including primary malignant pleural mesothelioma and secondary pleural metastasis of various tumours resulting in malignant pleural effusion, are frequent and lethal diseases that deserve devoted translational research efforts for improvements to be introduced to the clinic. This paper highlights select clinical advances that have been accomplished recently and that are based on preclinical research on pleural malignancies. Examples are the establishment of folate antimetabolites in mesothelioma treatment, the use of PET in mesothelioma management and the discovery of mesothelin as a marker of mesothelioma. In addition to established translational advances, this text focuses on recent research findings that are anticipated to impact clinical pleural oncology in the near future. Such progress has been substantial, including the development of a genetic mouse model of mesothelioma and of transplantable models of pleural malignancies in immunocompetent hosts, the deployment of stereological and imaging methods for integral assessment of pleural tumour burden, as well as the discovery of the therapeutic potential of aminobiphosphonates, histone deacetylase inhibitors and ribonucleases against malignant pleural disease. Finally, key obstacles to overcome towards a more rapid advancement of translational research in pleural malignancies are outlined. These include the dissection of cell-autonomous and paracrine pathways of pleural tumour progression, the study of mesothelioma and malignant pleural effusion separately from other tumours at both the clinical and preclinical levels, and the expansion of tissue banks and consortia of clinical research of pleural malignancies. © 2010 The Author. Respirology © 2010 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

  10. Towards formation of fibrous woven memory devices from all-carbon electronic fibers.

    PubMed

    Li, Ru; Sun, Rui; Sun, Yanyan; Gao, Peng; Zhang, Yongyi; Zeng, Zhongming; Li, Qingwen

    2015-03-21

    Fibrous all-carbon woven memory devices have been formed by using reduced acid graphene oxide as a switching material, and flexible carbon nanotube fibers as electrodes. The as prepared fibrous all-carbon woven memory devices exhibited an ultra-high ON/OFF current ratio of 10(9), a fast switching speed of 3 ms, and a long life time of at least 500 cycles that could pave the way for future e-textiles.

  11. BMP-2 immobilized PLGA/hydroxyapatite fibrous scaffold via polydopamine stimulates osteoblast growth.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xingyu; Han, Yu; Li, Jiawei; Cai, Bo; Gao, Hang; Feng, Wei; Li, Shuqiang; Liu, Jianguo; Li, Dongsong

    2017-09-01

    Combining biomaterials scaffolds with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is currently used to promote the regeneration of bone tissue. However, the traditional strategies used to add BMP-2 into the polymer scaffolds directly suffer from limitations that can result in lower growth factor loading and damage the bioactivity of growth factors. In this study, we report the fabrication of poly(lactide-co-glycolide)/hydroxyapatite (PLGA/HA) composite fibrous scaffolds via melt-spinning method to mimic native extracellular matrix (ECM). In order to effectively immobilize BMP-2 on PLGA/HA composite fibrous scaffolds, the surface of the scaffold was modified with polydopamine (PDA) (PDA-PLGA/HA). PDA was chosen as an adhesive polymeric bridge-layer between PLGA/HA fibrous scaffolds and BMP-2. Analysis of the scaffold using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscope revealed that the PDA coating was attached to the scaffold surface. Moreover, analysis of the scaffold using water contact angle demonstrated an increased hydrophilicity via PDA modification. Furthermore, the PDA coating effectively immobilized BMP-2 on the PDA-PLGA/HA fibrous scaffold and a sustained release profile of BMP-2 was achieved in the BMP-2-immobilized PLGA/HA fibrous scaffold. In vitro experiments showed that BMP-2-immobilized PLGA/HA fibrous scaffold significantly promoted the attachment and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells. More importantly, the ALP activity, mRNA expression of osteosis-related genes and calcium deposition in MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on BMP-2-immobilized PLGA/HA fibrous scaffold were significantly increased. These results collectively demonstrate that the BMP-2-immobilized PLGA/HA fibrous scaffold is a promising candidate for bone regeneration. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Role of bioactive 3D hybrid fibrous scaffolds on mechanical behavior and spatiotemporal osteoblast gene expression.

    PubMed

    Allo, Bedilu A; Lin, Shigang; Mequanint, Kibret; Rizkalla, Amin S

    2013-08-14

    Three-dimensional (3D) bioactive organic-inorganic (O/I) hybrid fibrous scaffolds are attractive extracellular matrix (ECM) surrogates for bone tissue engineering. With the aim of regulating osteoblast gene expression in 3D, a new class of hybrid fibrous scaffolds with two distinct fiber diameters (260 and 600 nm) and excellent physico-mechanical properties were fabricated from tertiary (SiO2-CaO-P2O5) bioactive glass (BG) and poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) by in situ sol-gel and electrospinning process. The PCL/BG hybrid fibrous scaffolds exhibited accelerated wetting properties, enhanced pore sizes and porosity, and superior mechanical properties that were dependent on fiber diameter. Contrary to control PCL fibrous scaffolds that were devoid of bonelike apatite particles, incubating PCL/BG hybrid fibrous scaffolds in simulated body fluid (SBF) revealed bonelike apatite deposition. Osteoblast cells cultured on PCL/BG hybrid fibrous scaffolds spread with multiple attachments and actively proliferated suggesting that the low temperature in situ sol-gel and electrospinning process did not have a detrimental effect. Targeted bone-associated gene expressions by rat calvarial osteoblasts seeded on these hybrid scaffolds demonstrated remarkable spatiotemporal gene activation. Transcriptional-level gene expressions for alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and osteocalcin (OCN) were significantly higher on the hybrid fibrous scaffolds (p < 0.001) that were largely dependent on fiber diameter compared. Taken together, our results suggest that PCL/BG fibrous scaffolds may accelerate bone formation by providing a favorable microenvironment.

  13. Preparation of poly(ethylene glycol)/polylactide hybrid fibrous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Ni, PeiYan; Fu, ShaoZhi; Fan, Min; Guo, Gang; Shi, Shuai; Peng, JinRong; Luo, Feng; Qian, ZhiYong

    2011-01-01

    Polylactide (PLA) electrospun fibers have been reported as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering application, however, the great hydrophobicity limits its broad application. In this study, the hybrid amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/hydrophobic PLA fibrous scaffolds exhibited improved morphology with regular and continuous fibers compared to corresponding blank PLA fiber mats. The prepared PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds favored mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) attachment and proliferation by providing an interconnected porous extracellular environment. Meanwhile, MSCs can penetrate into the fibrous scaffold through the interstitial pores and integrate well with the surrounding fibers, which is very important for favorable application in tissue engineering. More importantly, the electrospun hybrid PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds can enhance MSCs to differentiate into bone-associated cells by comprehensively evaluating the representative markers of the osteogenic procedure with messenger ribonucleic acid quantitation and protein analysis. MSCs on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds presented better differentiation potential with higher messenger ribonucleic acid expression of the earliest osteogenic marker Cbfa-1 and mid-stage osteogenic marker Col I. The significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity of the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds indicated that these can enhance the differentiation of MSCs into osteoblast-like cells. Furthermore, the higher messenger ribonucleic acid level of the late osteogenic differentiation markers OCN (osteocalcin) and OPN (osteopontin), accompanied by the positive Alizarin red S staining, showed better maturation of osteogenic induction on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds at the mineralization stage of differentiation. After transplantation into the thigh muscle pouches of rats, and evaluating the inflammatory cells surrounding the scaffolds and the physiological characteristics of the surrounding tissues, the PEG/PLA scaffolds presented good

  14. Emerging ideas: Instability-induced periprosthetic osteolysis is not dependent on the fibrous tissue interface.

    PubMed

    Nam, Denis; Bostrom, Mathias P G; Fahlgren, Anna

    2013-06-01

    Stable initial fixation of a total joint arthroplasty implant is critical to avoid the risk of aseptic loosening and premature clinical failure. With implant motion, a fibrous tissue layer forms at the bone-implant interface, leading to implant migration and periprosthetic osteolysis. At the time of implant revision surgery, proresorptive signaling cytokines are expressed in the periimplant fibrous membrane. However, the exact role of this fibrous tissue in causing periprosthetic osteolysis attributable to instability remains unknown. We propose an alternative mechanism of periprosthetic osteolysis independent of the fibrous tissue layer, where pressurized fluid flow along the bone-implant interface activates mechanosensitive osteocytes in the periprosthetic bone, causing the release of proresorptive cytokines and subsequent osteoclast differentiation and osteolysis. An animal model for instability-induced osteolysis that mimics the periprosthetic bone-implant interface will be used. In this model, a fibrous tissue membrane is allowed to form in the periprosthetic zone, and pressurized fluid flow transmitted through this membrane reliably creates osteolytic lesions in the periprosthetic bone. In this study, half of the rats will have the fibrous tissue present, while the other half will not. We will determine whether the fibrous tissue membrane is essential for the release of proosteoclastic cytokines, leading to osteoclast differentiation and periprosthetic bone loss, by measuring the volume of bone resorption and presence of proresorptive cytokines at the bone-implant interface. We will determine whether the fibrous tissue membrane is crucial for osteoclastogenic signaling in the setting of periimplant osteolysis. In the future, this will allow us to test therapeutic interventions, such as specific cytokine inhibitors or alterations in implant design, which may translate into new, clinically relevant strategies to prevent osteolysis.

  15. Malignant lymphoma of bone.

    PubMed

    Dürr, Hans Roland; Müller, Peter Ernst; Hiller, Erhard; Maier, Markus; Baur, Andrea; Jansson, Volkmar; Refior, Hans Jürgen

    2002-02-01

    Malignant lymphoma of bone is rare. In many cases, its diagnosis is delayed because of unspecific clinical signs and equivocal radiographs. Therapy in general is multimodal, including surgery and radio- and chemotherapy. Our objective was to demonstrate the clinical and radiological aspects of the lesion to optimize diagnostic approaches and to evaluate treatment and prognostic factors. Thirty-six patients with malignant lymphoma of bone who were surgically treated over a 15-year-period were retrospectively reviewed. Seventeen of them showed a singular bone non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) which was classified as primary lymphoma of the bone (PLB). In 13 cases, dissemination of the disease with multiple bone or visceral involvement was apparent (dNHL). Six patients suffered from bone involvement due to Hodgkin's disease (HD). Surgical treatment was indicated for diagnostic reasons or complications due to the disease. Radiation and chemotherapy were part of the oncological treatment. The patients' mean age was 57 years. The main symptom in malignant bone lymphoma in 33 patients was pain, with an average duration of 8 months. In the secondary cases, bone involvement appeared on average 57 months after the initial diagnosis. An osteolytic pattern was seen in 58% of the lesions. Soft-tissue involvement was seen in 71% of cases (PLB 80%, dNHL 73%, HD 40%) and was the primary diagnostic sign associated with this disease. The 5-year survival rate was 61% (PLB 88%, dNHL 38%, HD 50%). Multiple vs solitary bone involvement was the most significant factor in the prognosis. Extraskeletal involvement significantly decreased survival. No correlation was found between gender, age, location, or histological subtypes and survival. Bone involvement in NHL appears late in the extraskeletal disease. The clinical appearance is nonspecific, and the delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis is often long. One of the major radiologic signs is the existence of a soft-tissue tumor

  16. Oral potentially malignant disorders: Is malignant transformation predictable and preventable?

    PubMed Central

    van der Waal, Isaäc

    2014-01-01

    Leukoplakia is the most common potentially malignant disorder of the oral mucosa. The prevalence is approximately 1% while the annual malignant transformation ranges from 2% to 3%. At present, there are no reliable clinicopathological or molecular predicting factors of malignant transformation that can be used in an individual patient and such event can not truly be prevented. Furthermore, follow-up programs are of questionable value in this respect. Cessation of smoking habits may result in regression or even disappearance of the leukoplakia and will diminish the risk of cancer development either at the site of the leukoplakia or elsewhere in the mouth or the upper aerodigestive tract. The debate on the allegedly potentially malignant character of oral lichen planus is going on already for several decades. At present, there is a tendency to accept its potentially malignant behaviour, the annual malignant transformation rate amounting less than 0.5%. As in leukoplakia, there are no reliable predicting factors of malignant transformation that can be used in an individual patient and such event can not truly be prevented either. Follow-up visits, e.g twice a year, may be of some value. It is probably beyond the scope of most dentists to manage patients with these lesions in their own office. Timely referral to a specialist seems most appropriate, indeed. Key words:Oral potentially malignant disorders, oral leukoplakia, oral lichen planus. PMID:24905952

  17. Investigation of fibrous cap stresses on vulnerable plaques leading to heart attacks.

    PubMed

    Hsiao, Hao-Ming; Wu, Yi-Yu; Tsai, Bo-Chian; Chen, Yung-Chi; Cheng, Yu-Han

    2015-09-10

    Rupture-prone plaques in the coronary arteries, called ``vulnerable plaques'', are recognized as the key factor in acute myocardial infarction. Vulnerable plaques have a thin fibrous cap over a large fatty core and are highly susceptible to rupture. In general, this type of plaque rupture is mainly associated with stress concentrated on the fibrous cap. Fibrous cap stresses are counted among the most important factors in the plaque rupture process and must be taken into consideration when assessing the plaque vulnerability leading to heart attacks. The objective of this paper was to investigate the effects of nitinol stent deployment on the morphological changes of vulnerable plaques and then to propose a new stent design concept for effectively reducing fibrous cap stresses and the associated rupture risk. The deployment of a self-expanding nitinol stent was modeled, and the resulting stress distribution on the fibrous cap was investigated. The fibrous cap stresses were more uniformly distributed and the maximum stress was reduced by 13% when the crown number of the stent was increased. This study demonstrates an excellent approach to stent design that could effectively reduce the risk of a vulnerable plaque rupturing and causing a heart attack.

  18. Acoustic topology optimization of fibrous material with Delany-Bazley empirical material formulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Gil Ho

    2013-03-01

    This research details a new acoustic topology optimization (ATO) framework with an empirical material formulation for fibrous material. Despite the importance of considering pressure attenuation not only by internal solid structures but also by fibrous (porous) structures in acoustic design, a systematic ATO approach with an empirical material formulation has not yet been proposed. Thus, in this paper, an empirical material formulation called the Delany-Bazley model is implemented for the development of an ATO framework for fibrous material with porosity close to 1. By means of the SIMP (solid isotropic material with penalization) interpolation functions developed for multiple structural materials, ATO processes for fibrous structures as well as internal solid structures are carried out. In addition, a heuristic filter method that allows fibrous material to emerge only at the boundaries or rims of an internal solid structure is presented. Finally, the effect of the pressure attenuation on the topological layout for fibrous materials is investigated by solving several illustrative topology optimization examples.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumors of the central nervous system: report of five cases with unusual clinicopathological and outcome patterns.

    PubMed

    Vassal, François; Manet, Romain; Forest, Fabien; Camdessanche, Jean Phillipe; Péoc'h, Michel; Nuti, Christophe

    2011-02-01

    This is a retrospective study of 11 patients harboring a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the central nervous system (CNS), with special emphasis on unusual clinicopathological and outcomes patterns. Between 2000 and 2008, 11 patients harboring CNS SFTs were treated at our institution. Patient charts were retrospectively reviewed and tumor location, clinical presentation, imaging characteristics, extent of resection, dural origin, pathological features, adjuvant treatment, and follow-up data were collected, focusing on five atypical cases (four intracranial and one within the spine). One intracranial SFT arose from the sella turcica and relapsed threefold during the 6 years following partial removal. Disease progressed as successive isolated local recurrences treated by subsequent surgical interventions and gamma-knife radiosurgery. The MiB-1 labeling index analysis showed a steady increase in these sequential recurrences (ranging from less than 3% up to 6%) without obvious malignant transformation. The second SFT occurred in the cerebellopontine angle and exhibited a high MiB-1 index (10%) without noticeable features of malignancy. It relapsed twice during the 5 years following gross total resection without demonstrating a more aggressive histological pattern. The third SFT arose from the cerebellar tentorium, widely invaded the lateral sinus and adjacent bone, had a low MiB-1 index, and has not recurred within the 2 years after incomplete resection. The two remaining SFTs presented with unusual clinicoradiological features. We described a extremely rare case of intraventricular SFT, and a case of extradural SFT of the thoracic spine (T8-T9) radiologically consistent with a schwannoma. Immunohistochemistry confirmed that all tumors were SFTs. These atypical presentations gave us the opportunity to provide further information about the variability of the clinicoradiological patterns and natural histological course of CNS SFTs.

  20. Primary pineal malignant melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Cedeño Diaz, Oderay Mabel; Leal, Roberto García; La Cruz Pelea, Cesar

    2011-01-01

    Primary pineal malignant melanoma is a rare entity, with only thirteen cases reported in the world literature to date. We report a case of a 70-year-old man, who consulted with gait disturbance of six months duration, associated in the last month with dizziness, visual abnormalities and diplopia. No other additional melanocytic lesions were found elsewhere. The magnetic resonance showed a 25 mm expansive mass in the pineal gland that was associated with hydrocephaly, ventricular and transependimary oedema. The lesion was partially excised by a supracerebellar infratentorial approach. The histological examination revealed a melanoma. The patient received radiation therapy, but died of disease 16 weeks later. We herein review the literature on this rare tumour and comment on its clinical, radiological and histopathological features and differential diagnosis. PMID:24765293

  1. Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Tsao, Anne S.; Wistuba, Ignacio; Roth, Jack A.; Kindler, Hedy Lee

    2009-01-01

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a deadly disease that occurs in 2,000 to 3,000 people each year in the United States. Although MPM is an extremely difficult disease to treat, with the median overall survival ranging between 9 and 17 months regardless of stage, there has been significant progress over the last few years that has reshaped the clinical landscape. This article will provide a comprehensive discussion of the latest developments in the treatment of MPM. We will provide an update of the major clinical trials that impact mesothelioma treatment in the resectable and unresectable settings, discuss the impact of novel therapeutics, and provide perspective on where the clinical research in mesothelioma is moving. In addition, there are controversial issues, such as the role of extrapleural pneumonectomy, adjuvant radiotherapy, and use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus hemithoracic therapy that will also be addressed in this manuscript. PMID:19255316

  2. The malignant primate?

    PubMed

    de Grouchy, J

    1991-01-01

    Speciation and carcinogenesis result from genomic instability at the gametic or at the somatic levels. After an infinity of trials they occur, by chromosome rearrangements, in single individuals or in single cells and evolve by similar chromosomal or clonal evolutions. Loss of heterozygosity for the first event is essential in both processes: in evolution, a chromosomal rearrangement, a pericentric inversion or a Robertsonian fusion, must become homozygous to ensure a reproductive barrier for a new species; Knudson's two-event sequence is a similar situation in cancer. Position effect is equally important: we have shown overexpression of the SOD1 gene in the orangutan phylum probably by an intrachromosomal rearrangement; the t(9;22) in CML acts by typical position effect. Parental imprinting underlies the evolution of genome function and the unset of certain cancers. Evolution and malignancy are interweaved by viruses and oncogenes since the dawn of life. Cancer uses its intelligence to expand and to destroy the other tissues, using subtle metabolic pathways and a variety of tricks to metastasize other cells. It always wins but saws the branch on which it sits. Mankind also grows exponentially, killing thousands of other species, poisoning the oceans and soft waters, polluting the atmosphere, all for his egoistic needs. Man also travels and metastasizes other Earths. He modifies his genome or that of other species, and develops new technologies for his reproduction. He can destroy the planet in an eyeblink. To be or not to be the malignant primate, that will be the dilemma for the 21st Century.

  3. [Investigation of fibrous cultural materials by infrared spectroscopy].

    PubMed

    Luo, Xi-yun; Du, Yi-ping; Shen, Mei-hua; Zhang, Wen-qing; Zhou, Xin-guang; Fang, Shu-ying; Zhang, Xuan

    2015-01-01

    Cultural fibrous material includes both important categories, i. e. textile and paper, consisting of precious cultural materials in museum, such as costume, painting, and manuscript. In recent years more and more connoisseur and conservator's concerns are, through nondestructive method, the authenticity and the ageing identification of these cultural relics especially made from fragile materials. In this research, we used attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy to identify five traditional textile fibers, alongside cotton, linen, wool, mulberry silk and tussah silk, and another five paper fibers alongside straw, wheat straw, long qisong, Chinese alpine rush and mulberry bar, which are commonly used for making Chinese traditional xuan paper. The research result showed that the animal fiber (wool, mulberry silk and tussah silk) and plant fiber (cotton and linen) were easier to be distinguished by comparing the peaks at 3 280 cm-1 belonging to NH stretching vibration and a serious peaks related to amide I to amide III. In the spectrum of wool, the peak at 1 076 cm-1 was assigned to the S-O stretching vibration absorption of cystine in wool structure and can be used to tell wool from silk. The spectrum of mulberry silk and tussah silk seems somewhat difficult to be identified, as well as the spectrum of cotton and linen. Five rural paper fibers all have obvious characteristic peaks at 3 330, 2 900 cm-1 which are related to OH and CH stretching vibration. In the fingerprint wavenumber range of 1 600 - 800 cm, the similar peaks also appeared at 1 370, 1 320 cm-1 and 1 162, 1 050 cm-1, both group peaks respectively are related to CH and CO vibration in the structure of cellulose and hemicellulose in paper fibers. Although there is more similarity of the infrared spectroscopy of these 5 paper fibers, some tiny difference in absorbance also can be found at 3 300 cm-1 and in the fingerprint range at 1 332, 1 203, and 1 050 cm-1 which are related to C-O-C vibration

  4. Primary malignant melanoma of prostate.

    PubMed

    Doublali, M; Chouaib, A; Khallouk, A; Tazi, M F; El Fassi, M J; Farih, My H; Elfatmi, H; Bendahou, M; Benlemlih, A; Lamarti, O

    2010-05-01

    Primary genitourinary melanoma accounts for less than one per cent of all cases of melanoma. Most cases attributed to the prostate actually originate from the prostatic urethra. Due to its infrequency, primary malignant melanoma of the genitourinary tract presents a difficult diagnostic and management challenge. We report a case of primary malignant melanoma of the prostate found during transurethral resection of the prostate.

  5. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Mark J. Rigali; Mike L. Fulcher

    2003-03-25

    During the reporting period, work continued on development of formulations using the materials down-selected from the initially identified contenders for the fibrous monolith wear resistant components. In the previous reporting period, a two-stage binder removal process was developed that resulted in prototype parts free of voids and other internal defects. During the current reporting period, work was performed to characterize the two-stage binder removal process for WC-Co based FM material systems. Use of this process has resulted in the fabrication of defect free sintered WC-Co FM bodies, with minimal free carbon porosity and densities approaching 100% theoretical. With the elimination of free carbon porosity and other binder removal process related defects, development work focused on optimizing the densification and eliminating defects observed in WC-Co based FM consolidated by pressureless sintering. Shrinkage of the monolithic core and shell materials used in the WC-Co based FM system was measured, and differences in material shrinkage were identified as a potential cause of cell boundary cracking observed in sintered parts. Re-formulation of material blends for this system was begun, with the goal of eliminating mechanical stresses during sintering by matching the volumetric shrinkage of the core and shell materials. Thirty-three 7/8 inch drill bit inserts (WC-Co(6%)/WC-Co(16%) FM) were hot pressed during the reporting period. Six of these inserts were delivered for field-testing by Superior Rock Bit during the upcoming reporting period. In addition, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-TiCN FM cutting tool inserts were fabricated, and cutting tests performed.

  6. Fibrous osteodystrophy in two Northern Royal albatross chicks (Diomedea sanfordi).

    PubMed

    Morgan, K J; Alley, M R; Gartrell, B D; Thompson, K G; Perriman, L

    2011-09-01

    In February 2004, two Northern Royal albatross chicks aged 20 and 25 days old were presented for necropsy. Both chicks had been hand-fed in situ at a breeding colony, from 2-3 days post-hatch. The hand-rearing diet consisted of boneless hoki fillets (Macraronus novaezelandiae), electrolytes, and sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) proventricular oil obtained as a by-product of cultural harvest. Routine necropsies on the affected chicks revealed many bones were soft and easily bent. Radiography and histopathology revealed decreased bone density, pathological fractures, and extensive remodelling suggestive of fibrous osteodystrophy. Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism, resulting from an imbalance in the dietary Ca:P ratio. The imbalance in the dietary Ca:P ratio was a result of feeding deboned and eviscerated fish. This investigation also highlighted potential health risks associated with the practice of feeding stored rancid proventricular oil, including the destruction of fat-soluble vitamins. It is therefore possible that oxidative degradation of vitamin D may have contributed to the development of nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. Subsequently, dietary recommendations for supplementary feeding of orphaned Northern Royal albatross chicks include the feeding of whole human-grade fish with an appropriate Ca:P ratio, and the exclusion of proventricular oil. These cases highlight the need for scientific input into wildlife conservation projects, as lack of appropriate nutritional advice resulted in the feeding of a nutritionally inadequate diet. Following the recommended changes in diet, no further cases of osteodystrophy have been diagnosed in hand-raised chicks in the albatross colony.

  7. Radiaxial-fibrous calcites of shallow subsurface diagenetic origin

    SciTech Connect

    Mazzullo, S.J.; Bischoff, W.D.; Lobitzer, H.

    1989-03-01

    Radiaxial-fibrous calcites (RFC) in marine carbonates are generally considered syndepositional cements. In Upper Triassic and basal Liassic reef and platform limestones in Austria (Steinplatte complex), however, isopachous RFC is demonstrably a postdepositional diagenetic component that precipitated in shallow-burial phreatic environments during a time of periodic meteoric exposure. Isopachous RFC occurs solely within solution cavities and is interlayered with internal red sediment; discontinuities due to leaching separate sequential generations of RFC in the rocks. Accordingly, one possibility is that the RFC was originally low-magnesium calcite that precipitated in the meteoric phreatic zone during lowstands. Such calcites contain relatively low magnesium concentrations (average 0.87 mole % MgCO/sub 3/) and are /sup 18/O depleted (average - 5.81 /per thousand/ PDB). However, most other RFC cements in the sequence average slightly higher magnesium comparable to crinoidal calcites (1.13 mole % MgCO/sub 3/), are less depleted in /sup 18/O (average - 1.88 /per thousand/ PDB), and are partly dolomitized. Additionally, all the RFC cements are enriched in /sup 13/C to values similar to that of Triassic and Jurassic seawater (+ 2.86 /per thousand/ PDB) and are nonluminescent. Trace element studies indicate alteration of the rocks in partly closed, rock-dominated diagenetic systems. By these facts, the authors favor a precursor high-magnesium calcite mineralogy for the RFC cements, which possibly precipitated during highstands when meteoric pore waters were replaced by marine fluids. Thus, the geochemical trends observed are likely due to variations in the degree of meteoric alteration of high-magnesium calcite RFC rather than to differences in original mineralogy.

  8. Clinical outcome and prognosis of carbon ion radiotherapy on thoracic malignant tumors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Sha

    Objective To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and side-response of high-LET carbon ion radiotherapy on thoracic malignant tumors. Methods Ten patients with pathological confirmed thoracic malignant tumors received treatment using heavy ion accelerator, which included 6 cases with non-small lung cancer, one case with small lung cancer, 2 cases with metastatic sarcomas and one case with invasive thymoma. The applied regimen included fractioned dose (5.5-6.8GyE/Fraction), one faction/day, and 7 fractions/week. The total dose ranged from 55 to 70 GyE. Results The short-term results showed that the response rate (the complete response (CR) rate +the partial response (PR) rate) was 10% at the first month, 40% at the third month and 90% at the sixth month. The overall response rate was 90% and the rate of stable disease was 10%. There was no relation between the response rate and tumor pathology (P>0.05) while significance between the response rate and the tumor volume.At median follow-up of 27 months (range, 6 to 36 months), the local control rate and free-disease rate were respectively 100% an 90% at the first year, 90% and 80% at the secondary year, 80% and 70% at the third year. The death rate due to disease progression was 20% and the non-specific death rate was 10%. Side and toxicity effects: Grade I skin effect occurred in three cases and Grade I lung effect occurred in two cases. The blood counts didn’t reach significance among pre-radiation course, peri-radiation course and post-radiation course (P>0.05). The subgoups of T cells detected in humoral immunity and cytoimmunity didn’t change between pre-radiation and post radiation(P>0.05). Conclusions Carbon ion radiotherapy is effective and safe in the management of patients with thoracic malignant tumors. There were no obvious side effects. The long term of clinical outcome and the late effect need to be further observed.

  9. Oral potentially malignant disorders: is malignant transformation predictable and preventable?

    PubMed

    van der Waal, Isaäc

    2014-07-01

    Leukoplakia is the most common potentially malignant disorder of the oral mucosa. The prevalence is approximately 1% while the annual malignant transformation ranges from 2% to 3%. At present, there are no reliable clinicopathological or molecular predicting factors of malignant transformation that can be used in an individual patient and such event can not truly be prevented. Furthermore, follow-up programs are of questionable value in this respect. Cessation of smoking habits may result in regression or even disappearance of the leukoplakia and will diminish the risk of cancer development either at the site of the leukoplakia or elsewhere in the mouth or the upper aerodigestive tract. The debate on the allegedly potentially malignant character of oral lichen planus is going on already for several decades. At present, there is a tendency to accept its potentially malignant behaviour, the annual malignant transformation rate amounting less than 0.5%. As in leukoplakia, there are no reliable predicting factors of malignant transformation that can be used in an individual patient and such event can not truly be prevented either. Follow-up visits, e.g twice a year, may be of some value. It is probably beyond the scope of most dentists to manage patients with these lesions in their own office. Timely referral to a specialist seems most appropriate, indeed.

  10. Malignant eroticized countertransference.

    PubMed

    Chessick, R D

    1997-01-01

    Gabbard (1994) divided the pathology of therapists, both male and female, who commit sexual boundary violations into those who are psychotic, those who are predatory psychopaths, those engaging in masochistic surrender, and those called "the lovesick therapist." Lovesick therapists are the most common type and manifest crucial narcissistic themes of "a desperate need for validation by their patients, a hunger to be loved and idealized, and a tendency to use patients to regulate their own self-esteem" (p. 127). Among the psychodynamic aspects of this curiously circumscribed area of loss of reality testing that makes it difficult for the therapist to see how self-destructive and harmful such enactment is, are an unconscious reenactment of incestuous longings, a misperception of the patient's wish for maternal nurturance as a sexual overture, enactments of rescue fantasies, a projected idealization of the self of the therapist, a confusion of the therapist's needs with the patient's needs, a fantasy that love is curative, acting out disavowed rage at the patient, or rage at an organization, an institute, or one's training analyst, a manic defense against mourning, a narcissistic fantasy that their sexual affair is an exception, insecurity regarding masculine identity, and assorted primitive preoedipal themes. Gabbard's (1991) erotized countertransference is one variety of what I have termed malignant eroticized countertransference. His variety is a development that occurs under the pressure of the patient's preemptive and compelling expressions of lust and love, the patient's erotic transference. But malignant eroticized countertransference can also occur without the patient having offered any such expressions; it can even occur on first meeting the patient when he or she walks into the office! This is akin to the romantic "love-at-first-sight" theme so favored in the movies and by novelists, but it is always pathological when it occurs in the therapeutic situation

  11. Management and Prevention of Breast Cancer After Radiation to the Chest for Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adulthood Malignancy.

    PubMed

    Koo, Eva; Henderson, Michael A; Dwyer, Mary; Skandarajah, Anita R

    2015-12-01

    Women treated with chest irradiation for childhood, adolescent, and young adulthood (CAYA) malignancies, in particular Hodgkin's lymphoma, have an increased risk of developing second cancers of the breast (SCB). However, there are few uniform guidelines regarding surveillance and prevention for this high-risk group. A systematic search using PUBMED and OVID MEDLINE was performed. Publications listed under the terms "breast neoplasm", "neoplasm, radiation-induced", "therapeutic radiation-induced breast cancer", "screening", "surveillance", "prevention", and "prophylaxis" between January 1992 and January 2015 were assessed. A total of 138 publications were reviewed. Factors associated with increased SCB risk include young age at irradiation, prolong duration since irradiation (peak relative risk 13.87 at 15-19 years postradiation), and increased radiation dose and field. Early menopause reduces SCB risk. Annual screening mammography and breast MRI is recommended from age 25 or 8 years posttreatment for women treated with ≥20 Gy chest radiation before age 30 years. Compared with sporadic primary breast cancers (PBC), SCB more often are bilateral (6-34 %), managed with mastectomy (56-100 %), hormone receptor-negative (27-49 %), and high-grade (35 %). Women with SCB have a similar breast cancer event-free survival and breast cancer-specific survival compared to women with PBC. However, their overall survival is worse due to comorbid conditions. There is paucity of information regarding secondary prevention of SCB. Survivors of CAYA malignancy are at risk of many late effects, including iatrogenic breast cancer from chest irradiation. They are best managed in a multidisciplinary late-effects setting where tailored risk management can be provided.

  12. Radiaxial-fibrous calcites: A new look at an old problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richter, D. K.; Neuser, R. D.; Schreuer, J.; Gies, H.; Immenhauser, A.

    2011-07-01

    Marine radiaxial-fibrous and fascicular-optic calcites are very common but poorly understood pore-filling cements in Paleozoic and Mesozoic marine neritic and upper bathyal limestones. The main diagnostic feature of these cements is their converging or diverging crystal c-axis, respectively. The reasons for this anomalous texture are at present unknown. Another controversy is due to the relative lack of occurrences in Cenozoic strata and their apparent absence in Quaternary marine limestones. Despite these uncertainties, marine fibrous cements are thought by some to be amongst the best proxies for the geochemistry of ancient oceans because of the absence of metabolic effects during their precipitation. Applying electron backscatter diffraction analysis, we here for the first time document radiaxial-fibrous and subordinate fascicular-optic fibrous biominerals from well-preserved Jurassic and Cretaceous low-Mg calcite belemnite rostra. The finding of fibrous biogenic calcites in combination with the recent description of Holocene and modern fibrous calcites in stalagmites represents—in the view of the authors—a significant advance in carbonate research. Here, these findings are placed in their wider, processes-oriented context and the significance of biogenic and speloan fibrous calcite for their marine counterparts is assessed. Comparing the physico-chemical and organomineralic properties of different precipitation sites indicates that the diagnostic variations in the crystal c-axis orientation are not related to a specific nucleation environment or substratum. In contrast, preliminary crystallographic analyses suggest that kinetic factors during nucleation or subtle gradients in the statistical replacements of Ca 2+ by Mg 2+ in the crystal structure may lead to local strain resulting in converging or diverging crystal c-axes.

  13. Growth and physiology of olive pioneer and fibrous roots exposed to soil moisture deficits.

    PubMed

    Polverigiani, S; McCormack, M L; Mueller, C W; Eissenstat, D M

    2011-11-01

    In woody plants, pioneer roots are the main roots used to expand the root system horizontally and vertically whereas fibrous 'feeder' roots are chiefly used in the absorption of water and nutrients. Because of their different roles, we expected newly emerged pioneer and fibrous roots to respond differently to restrictions in soil moisture. We hypothesized that fibrous roots would exhibit greater growth plasticity and greater physiological impairment from soil moisture deficits, especially under heterogeneous conditions. We compared the responses of fibrous and pioneer roots of olive seedlings (Olea europaea) to localized and uniform soil moisture deficits in transparent containers in the greenhouse. In comparison with uniformly wet conditions, uniformly dry conditions caused reduced shoot photosynthesis and reduced shoot growth, but no significant effect on root morphology, root respiration (measured in aerated buffer solution using excised roots) or electrolyte leakage as a function of root age. Under heterogeneous soil moisture conditions, root growth tended to preferentially occur in the moist sector, especially in the pioneer roots. In comparison with pioneer roots in the moist sector, pioneer roots in the dry sector had higher tissue density and higher suberin content, but no shift in root respiration, non-structural carbohydrates or electrolyte leakage. In contrast, fibrous roots in the dry sector exhibited evidence of impaired physiology in older (>38 days) roots compared with similar age fibrous roots in the moist sector. While we anticipated that, compared with pioneer roots, fibrous roots would be more sensitive to soil moisture deficits as expressed by higher electrolyte leakage, we did not expect the strong growth plasticity of pioneer roots under heterogeneous soil moisture conditions. Differentiating the responses of these two very different root types can improve our understanding of how different portions of the root system of woody plants cope with

  14. Fibrous Dysplasia: An Overview of Disease Process, Indications for Surgical Management, and a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Salcedo, Samuel E.; Borad, Vedant; Richards, Sara S.; Workman, Adrienne D.; Ray, Andrea O.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: First described by Von Recklinghausen in 1891, fibrous dysplasia is a developmental defect of osseous tissue such that bone is produced with an abnormally thin cortex and marrow is replaced with fibrous tissue that demonstrates characteristic ground-glass appearance on x-ray examination. The underlying defect in fibrous dysplasia is a mutation of the GNAS1 gene, which leads to constitutive activation of gene products that preclude the maturation of osteoprogenitor cells and lead to development of abnormal bone matrix, trabeculae, and collagen, produced by undifferentiated mesenchymal cells. There exists a mainly self-limiting form of fibrous dysplasia classified as monostotic, which is characterized by dysplastic bone in a single location that remains relatively stable throughout life and a polyostotic form, which can exhibit aggressive growth placing adjacent structures at risk for compressive sequelae. Methods: We present the surgical management of an unusual case of monostotic fibrous dysplasia, which exhibited aggressive growth with mass effect, and late presentation, both uncharacteristic features for the monostotic form. The authors also performed a comprehensive review of the literature and discuss the disease process, management options, and indications for surgical treatment. Results: An overview of the disease process and management options is presented. The authors also present details of reconstruction in an unusual form of symptomatic monostotic fibrous dysplasia. Conclusion: Conservative management is usually the mainstay of therapy in asymptomatic cases of fibrous dysplasia. In patients fulfilling criteria for surgical management, craniofacial reconstruction offers a viable option in the surgeon's armamentarium, providing good functional and cosmetic outcomes. PMID:25848443

  15. Modelling the fibrous tissue layer in cemented hip replacements: experimental and finite element methods.

    PubMed

    Waide, V; Cristofolini, L; Stolk, J; Verdonschot, N; Boogaard, G J; Toni, A

    2004-01-01

    The long-term fixation of cemented femoral components may be jeopardised by the presence of a fibrous tissue layer at the bone-cement interface. This study used both experimental and finite element (FE) methods to investigate the load transfer characteristics of two types of cemented hip replacements (Lubinus SPII and Müller-Curved) with a fibrous tissue layer. The experimental part investigated six stems of each type, where these were implanted in composite femurs with a specially selected silicone elastomer modelling the soft interfacial layer. Two fibrous tissue conditions were examined: a layer covering the full cement mantle, representing a revision condition; and a layer covering the proximal portion of the cement mantle, representing a non-revised implant with partial debonding and fibrous tissue formation. The FE method was used to model the full fibrous tissue layer condition, for both implants. The layer was modelled as a homogeneous, linearly isotropic material. A cross-comparison was performed of the experimental and FE findings. Agreement between experimental and FE models was verified to be within 15%. Varying the stiffness parameter of the FE soft tissue layer had little influence on the cortical bone strains, though had considerable effect on the cement strains. Stress shielding occurred for both stems under both fibrous tissue conditions, with the greatest reduction around the calcar. However, the cortical bone strains were generally larger than those for the equivalent well-fixed stems. The fibrous tissue layer was not found to increase the general strain pattern of the cement mantle, though localised regions of high stress were detected.

  16. Electrospun fibrous mats on lithographically micropatterned collectors to control cellular behaviors.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yaowen; Zhang, Lei; Li, Huinan; Yan, Shili; Yu, Junsheng; Weng, Jie; Li, Xiaohong

    2012-12-11

    Spatial arrangement of multiple cell types plays a critical role in maintaining the viability of cells and functionality of tissues. Micropatterning has been used to fabricate scaffolds to modulate cell distribution, growth, and functions for reconstructing the anisotropy in native tissues. In the current study, a glass substrate patterned with an electrically conductive circuit was prepared by lithography as a collector for electrospinning. Densely packed fibers were deposited on the top of silver strips and patterned fibrous mats were obtained with distinct ridge and groove areas. Orthogonal alignment was shown for fibers in the ridge and groove areas, and the pattern feature and fiber alignment were well maintained in the ridge during incubation of cells with patterned fibrous mats. Sequential confocal laser scanning from the top of cell-loaded fibrous mats indicated that a larger number of cells were spread in the ridge than that in the groove areas, and cells penetrated into the fibrous mats in the ridge. Microscopic observation and immunofluorescent staining indicated that cells and collagen deposition appeared to have distinct patterns on the fibrous scaffold and aligned along the directionality of fibers with an elongated morphology. It is concluded that lithography can provide the design flexibility of collectors with micrometer-scale precision patterning, and cells can be confined to precise locations, sizes, and shapes by the use of micropatterned fibrous scaffolds without any adverse effect on the cell viability and function. The results suggest the potential of patterned electrospun fibrous mats to construct complex tissues of well organized multiple cell types and with spatially distributed extracellular matrices.

  17. Primary cerebral malignant melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Kai; Kong, Xiangyi; Mao, Gengsheng; Qiu, Ming; Zhu, Haibo; Zhou, Lei; Nie, Qingbin; Xu, Yi; Du, Shiwei

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Primary intracranial melanomas are uncommon and constitute approximately 1% of all melanoma cases and 0.07% of all brain tumors. In nature, these primary melanomas are very aggressive and can spread to other organs. We report an uncommon case of primary cerebral malignant melanoma—a challenging diagnosis guided by clinical presentations, radiological features, and surgical biopsy results, aiming to emphasize the importance of considering primary melanoma when making differential diagnoses of intracranial lesions. We present a rare case of a primary cerebral melanoma in the left temporal lobe. The mass appeared iso-hypodense on brain computed tomography (CT), short signal on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (T1WI) and long signal on T2WI. It was not easy to make an accurate diagnosis before surgery. We showed the patient's disease course and reviewed related literatures, for readers’ reference. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and any accompanying images. Because of this, there is no need to conduct special ethic review and the ethical approval is not necessary. After surgery, the pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of melanoma. The patient was discharged without any complications and went on to receive adjuvant radiochemotherapy. It is difficult to diagnose primary cerebral melanoma in the absence of any cutaneous melanosis. A high index of clinical suspicion along with good pathology reporting is the key in diagnosing these extremely rare tumors. PMID:28121927

  18. Galectins in hematological malignancies.

    PubMed

    Giordano, Mirta; Croci, Diego O; Rabinovich, Gabriel A

    2013-07-01

    Galectins are a family of lectin molecules that have emerged as key players in inflammation and tumor progresssion by displaying intracellular and extracellular activities. This review describes the recent advances on the role of galectins in hematological neoplasms. Galectin-1 and galectin-3 are the best studied galectins in oncohematology. Increased expression of galectin-1 has been associated with tumor progression in Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia, whereas galectin-3 plays a supporting role in chronic myelogenous leukemia and multiple myeloma. Functional studies have assigned a key role for galectin-1 as a negative regulator of T-cell immunity in Hodgkin's lymphoma and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Of therapeutic interest is the development of agents with the capacity to interfere with galectin functions. Current knowledge indicates a key role for galectins in hematological neoplasms by favoring the growth and survival of tumor cells and facilitating tumor immune escape. Intervention using specific galectin inhibitors is emerging as an attractive therapeutic option to alter the course of these malignancies.

  19. Malignancy and chronic renal failure.

    PubMed

    Peces, Ramon

    2003-01-01

    Increased incidence of cancer at various sites is observed in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Certain malignant diseases, such as lymphomas and carcinomas of the kidney, prostate, liver and uterus, show an enhanced prevalence compared with the general population. In particular, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) shows an excess incidence in ESRD patients. A multitude of factors, directly or indirectly associated with the renal disease and the treatment regimens, may contribute to the increased tumor formation in these patients. Patients undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT) are prone to develop acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), which may subsequently lead to the development of RCC. In pre-dialysis patients with coexistent renal disease, as in dialysis and transplant patients, the presence of ACKD may predispose to RCC. Previous use of cytotoxic drugs (eg, cyclophosphamide) or a history of analgesic abuse, are additional risk factors for malignancy. Malignancy following renal transplantation is an important medical problem during the follow-up. The most common malignancies are lymphoproliferative disorders (early after transplantation) and skin carcinomas (late after transplantation). Another important confounder for risk of malignancy after renal transplantation is the type of immunosuppression. The type of malignancy is different in various countries and dependent on genetic and environmental factors. Finally, previous cancer treatment in a uremic patient on the transplant waiting list is of great importance in relation to waiting time and post-malignancy screening.

  20. Fibrous Skeleton of the Heart: Anatomic Overview and Evaluation of Pathologic Conditions with CT and MR Imaging.

    PubMed

    Saremi, Farhood; Sánchez-Quintana, Damián; Mori, Shumpei; Muresian, Horia; Spicer, Diane E; Hassani, Cameron; Anderson, Robert H

    2017-01-01

    The fibrous skeleton is concentrated at the base of the ventricular mass. It provides electrical insulation at the atrioventricular level and fibrous continuity for the leaflets of the mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valves. Its components include the fibrous trigones, the fibrous area of aortic-mitral continuity, the subvalvar collar of the mitral valve, the membranous septum, the interleaflet triangles, the tendon of Todaro, and likely the conus ligament. The majority of the mitral annulus is fibrous, but the only true fibrous part of the tricuspid annulus is where the valvar leaflets are attached to the central fibrous body. At the aortic annulus, the fibrous elements support only the noncoronary aortic sinus and parts of the right and left coronary sinuses. The ring-shaped annulus of the arterioventricular valves as localized with imaging techniques (imaging annulus) differs from the crown-shaped hemodynamic annulus of the arterial valves. The imaging annulus corresponds to the plane passing through the nadirs of the hinge-lines of the leaflets. The hinges of the pulmonary valve are not part of the fibrous skeleton. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are excellent modalities for evaluation of the anatomy, physiologic variations, and pathologic conditions of the fibrous skeleton. The submillimeter isotropic three-dimensional datasets obtained with CT and the high contrast resolution of MR imaging are the main advantages of these modalities in assessing anatomy. The function of the valves and associated annuli can best be studied with MR imaging. Pathologic conditions involving the area, including paravalvar leaks, abscesses, perforation, and pseudoaneurysms, usually occur as a complication of infective endocarditis or extensive calcifications after valvar surgery. MR imaging and CT can demonstrate these lesions equally well. CT is the preferred technique for showing the extent of calcifications in the fibrous skeleton. Large

  1. Self-assembly studies of native and recombinant fibrous proteins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Donna Lucille

    The structure of silk proteins consists of alternating amorphous (glycine-rich) and ordered crystalline regions (poly(alanine) and poly(glycine-alanine) repeats), where the organized regions are typically beta-sheet assemblies. In collagen, the basic helical repeat (glycine-proline-hydroxyproline and variants on this repeat) drives hierarchical assembly. Three polypeptide chains form left-handed poly-proline II-like helices, these three chains then self-assemble to form a right-handed triple helix. The focus of this thesis is on these proteins and defined variations thereof to reveal features of fibrous protein self-assembly. The amino acid sequences of native silk and collagen and their respective assembly environments have been systematically manipulated. Spider silk protein, based on the consensus sequence of Nephila clavipes dragline-silk, was genetically engineered to include methionines flanking the beta-sheet forming polyalanine regions. These methionines could be selectively oxidized and reduced, altering the bulkiness and charge of a methionine-based sulfoxide group to control beta-sheet formation by steric hindrance. A second version of the sterical trigger included a recognition site for Protein Kinase A allowing for the selective phosphorylation of a serine. Patterning a monolayer of precursor "director" molecules on length scales ranging from nanometer- to micrometer-length scales simplifies the interpretation of supramolecular assembly. Utilizing the atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based technique of dip-pen nanolithography, thiolated collagen and a collagen-like peptide were patterned at 30--50 nm line widths on evaporated gold surfaces. These are the largest molecules thus far positively printed on a surface at such small-length scales. The method preserved the triple helical structure and biological activity of collagen and even fostered the formation of characteristic higher-levels of structural organization. Nanopatterns were also achieved for

  2. FIBROUS MONOLITH WEAR RESISTANT COMPONENTS FOR THE MINING INDUSTRY

    SciTech Connect

    Mark J. Rigali

    2001-08-15

    A set of materials property data for potential wear resistant materials was collected. These materials are designated for use as the ''core'' materials in the Fibrous Monolith structure. The material properties of hardness, toughness, thermal conductivity and cost were selected as determining factors for material choice. Data for these four properties were normalized, and weighting factors were assigned for each property to establish priority and evaluate the effects of priority fluctuation. Materials were then given a score based on the normalized parameters and weighting values. Using the initial estimates for parameter priority, the highest ranking material was tungsten carbide, with diamond as the second ranked material. Several materials were included in the trade study, and five were selected as promising ''core'' materials to include in this effort. These materials are tungsten carbide, diamond, boron carbide, titanium diboride and silicon carbide. Work was initiated on a trade study to evaluate ''shell'' materials. These materials will require the investigation of different material properties, including ultimate tensile strength, ductility, toughness, thermal expansion, thermal conductivity and compatibility during consolidation with the ''core'' materials. Kyocera Industrial Ceramics in Kyoto, Japan was visited, with the purpose of negotiating and signing the subcontract for Kyocera's participation on this program. An assessment was made on the testing and manufacturing capabilities of Kyocera and how such capabilities can be integrated into our development effort. Tours were conducted of Kyocera's machine tool production plant in Sendai, Japan, as well as their research and development facilities in Kagoshima, Japan. Kyocera's facilities include substantial materials characterization and testing capabilities at room and elevated temperatures, and manufacturing capabilities of thousands of parts/hr, all of which will be made available to us for use on

  3. A New Approach to Fibrous Composite Laminate Strength Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hart-Smith, L. J.

    1990-01-01

    A method of predicting the strength of cross-plied fibrous composite laminates is based on expressing the classical maximum-shear-stress failure criterion for ductile metals in terms of strains. Starting with such a formulation for classical isotropic materials, the derivation is extended to orthotropic materials having a longitudinal axis of symmetry, to represent the fibers in a unidirectional composite lamina. The only modification needed to represent those same fibers with properties normalized to the lamina rather than fiber is a change in axial modulus. A mirror image is added to the strain-based lamina failure criterion for fiber-dominated failures to reflect the cutoffs due to the presence of orthogonal fibers. It is found that the combined failure envelope is now identical with the well-known maximum-strain failure model in the tension-tension and compression-compression quadrants but is truncated in the shear quadrants. The successive application of this simple failure model for fibers in the 0/90 degree and +/- 45 degree orientations, in turn, is shown to be the necessary and sufficient characterization of the fiber-dominated failures of laminates made from fibers having the same tensile and compressive strengths. When one such strength is greater than the other, the failure envelope is appropriately truncated for the lesser direct strain. The shear-failure cutoffs are now based on the higher axial strain to failure since they occur at lower strains than and are usually not affected by such mechanisms as microbuckling. Premature matrix failures can also be covered by appropriately truncating the fiber failure envelope. Matrix failures are excluded from consideration for conventional fiber/polymer composites but the additional features needed for a more rigorous analysis of exotic materials are covered. The new failure envelope is compared with published biaxial test data. The theory is developed for unnotched laminates but is easily shrunk to incorporate

  4. Optical reflectance in fibrous tissues and skeletal muscles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ranasinghesagara, Janaka C.

    We studied two biological tissues with optically anisotropic structures: high moisture soy protein extrudates and skeletal muscles. High moisture extrusion has been used to produce vegetable meat analogs that resemble real animal meat and have significant health benefits. Since visual and textural properties are key factors for consumer acceptance, assessing fiber formation in the extruded soy protein product is important for quality control purpose. A non-destructive method based on photon migration was developed to measure fiber formation in extruded soy proteins. The measured fiber formation index in intact samples showed good agreement with that obtained from image analysis on peeled samples. By implementing this new method in a fast laser scanning system, we have acquired two dimensional mappings of fiber formation and orientation in the entire sample in real time. In addition to fibrous structures, skeletal muscles have a unique periodic sarcomere structure which produces strong light diffractions. However, inconsistent experimental results have been reported in single fiber diffraction studies. By applying the three-dimensional coupled wave theory in a physical sarcomere model, we found that a variety of experimental observations can be explained if inhomogeneous muscle morphological profiles are considered. We also discovered that the sarcomere structure produced a unique optical reflectance pattern in whole muscle. None of the existing light propagation theories are able to describe this pattern. We developed a Monte Carlo model incorporating the sarcomere diffraction effect. The simulated results quantitatively resemble the unique patterns observed in experiments. We used a set of parameters to quantify the optical reflectance profiles produced by a point incident light in whole muscle. Two parameters, q and B, were obtained by numerically fitting the equi-intensity contours of the reflectance pattern. Two spatial gradients were calculated along the

  5. Malignant renal tumors in children

    PubMed Central

    Sanchez, Thomas Ray; Wootton-Gorges, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Renal malignancies are common in children. While the majority of malignant renal masses are secondary to Wilms tumor, it can be challenging to distinguish from more aggressive renal masses. For suspicious renal lesions, it is crucial to ensure prompt diagnosis in order to select the appropriate surgical procedure and treatment. This review article will discuss the common differential diagnosis that can be encountered when evaluating a suspicious renal mass in the pediatric population. This includes clear cell sarcoma of the kidney, malignant rhabdoid tumor, renal medullary carcinoma and lymphoma. PMID:28326263

  6. Histochemical and immunohistochemical differences between solitary oral fibroma and fibrous papule of the face*

    PubMed Central

    Henriques, Águida Cristina Gomes; Freitas, Roseana de Almeida; Pires, Bruno Cunha; Gurgel, Clarissa Araújo; dos Santos, Jean Nunes

    2016-01-01

    Background The morphological similarities between fibrous papules of the face and multiple sporadic oral fibromas were mentioned long ago and a relationship between them has been reported in the literature. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of mast cells, elastin and collagen in a series of oral fibromas and fibrous papules of the face in order to better understand the possible role of these factors in fibrosis and the formation of these lesions. Methods Thirty cases of oral fibroma involving the buccal mucosa and 30 cases of fibrous papules of the face were selected. Tissue samples were submitted to picrosirius red staining and immunohistochemistry using anti-elastin and anti-tryptase antibodies. Results The percentage of tryptase-positive mast cells and expression of elastin were higher in cases of fibrous papules of the face (p < 0.05). In contrast, a higher intensity of collagen deposition was observed in oral fibromas. The results showed mast cell accumulation and higher elastin synthesis in fibrous papules of the face, and mast cell accumulation with higher collagen fiber synthesis in oral fibromas. Conclusion These findings support the hypothesis that mast cells influence the development and growth of these lesions through different mechanisms. PMID:27828630

  7. Contrasting the morphology, anatomy and fungal colonization of new pioneer and fibrous roots.

    PubMed

    Zadworny, Marcin; Eissenstat, David M

    2011-04-01

    Not all roots born as first-order branches are the same and this has important consequences for overall function. We hypothesized that, compared with fibrous roots, pioneer roots are built to live longer at the expense of absorptive capacity. We tested this hypothesis by investigating pioneer and fibrous roots in their first 14 d of life in the arbuscular mycorrhizal tree species: Acer negundo, Acer saccharum, Juglans nigra, Liriodendron tulipifera and Populus tremuloides. Root observations were made with root-access boxes that allowed roots to be sampled at known ages in field-grown trees. Compared to fibrous roots, pioneer roots had larger diameter, lower specific root length, greater average length and a lack of mycorrhizal or nonmycorrhizal fungal colonization. Pioneer roots < 14 d old had more layers of hypodermis with a lower percentage of putative passage cells and more protoxylem groups than similar age fibrous roots. Our results suggest that pioneer roots are constructed for defense against biotic and abiotic challenges, exploration of soil distal to the stem, high fibrous root branching and secondary development with high axial hydraulic conductivity at the expense of mycorrhizal colonization and high absorptive capacity for water and nutrients.

  8. PIV-based investigation of the skin friction of the flow over random fibrous media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirbod, Parisa; Gheisari, Reza

    2015-11-01

    Finite Reynolds number (Re<20) flow over fibrous medium inside a rectangular duct was studied using a planar 2D PIV system. Three different fibrous materials with different porosities were used. Fibrous material lined the bottom wall of the duct along the length of the duct. The flow regime for all tests was laminar, and measurements were all done when the flow reached a steady state. Error and uncertainty sources in the experiments were also discussed. Shear rates were estimated at the surface of the fibrous media. As a conclusion to this study skin friction factor were calculated at the interface of all fibrous media at selected Reynolds number. Then using power function, curve fits with the Cf = a/Re form were found which could closely correlate skin friction and Reynolds number. To weaken the effect of near-wall errors in estimated shear rates and consequently skin friction, an average of shear rate estimation in a layer with thickness of 5 mm was calculated which was used to calculate an average skin friction. Correlations of average skin friction with average Reynolds number were also presented.

  9. Multifunctional Self-Adhesive Fibrous Layered Matrix (FiLM) for Tissue Glues and Therapeutic Carriers.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Ye-Eun; Im, Byung Gee; Kim, Jung-Suk; Jang, Jae-Hyung

    2017-01-09

    Tissue adhesives, which inherently serve as wound sealants or as hemostatic agents, can be further augmented to acquire crucial functions as scaffolds, thereby accelerating wound healing or elevating the efficacy of tissue regeneration. Herein, multifunctional adherent fibrous matrices, acting as self-adhesive scaffolds capable of cell/gene delivery, were devised by coaxially electrospinning poly(caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP). Wrapping the building block PCL fibers with the adherent PVP layers formed film-like fibrous matrices that could rapidly adhere to wet biological surfaces, referred to as fibrous layered matrix (FiLM) adhesives. The inclusion of ionic salts (i.e., dopamine hydrochloride) in the sheath layers generated spontaneously multilayered fibrous adhesives, whose partial layers could be manually peeled off, termed derivative FiLM (d-FiLM). In the context of scaffolds/tissue adhesives, both FiLM and d-FiLM demonstrated almost identical characteristics (i.e., sticky, mechanical, and performances as cell/gene carriers). Importantly, the single FiLM-process can yield multiple sets of d-FiLM by investing the same processing time, materials, and labor required to form a single conventional adhesive fibrous mat, thereby highlighting the economic aspects of the process. The FiLM/d-FiLM offer highly impacting contributions to many biomedical applications, especially in fields that require urgent aids (e.g., endoscopic surgeries, implantation in wet environments, severe wounds).

  10. Highly elastic and suturable electrospun poly(glycerol sebacate) fibrous scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Jeffries, Eric M; Allen, Robert A; Gao, Jin; Pesce, Matt; Wang, Yadong

    2015-05-01

    Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) is a thermally-crosslinked elastomer suitable for tissue regeneration due to its elasticity, degradability, and pro-regenerative inflammatory response. Pores in PGS scaffolds are typically introduced by porogen leaching, which compromises strength. Methods for producing fibrous PGS scaffolds are very limited. Electrospinning is the most widely used method for laboratory scale production of fibrous scaffolds. Electrospinning PGS by itself is challenging, necessitating a carrier polymer which can affect material properties if not removed. We report a simple electrospinning method to produce distinct PGS fibers while maintaining the desired mechanical and cytocompatibility properties of thermally crosslinked PGS. Fibrous PGS demonstrated 5 times higher tensile strength and increased suture retention compared to porous PGS foams. Additionally, similar modulus and elastic recovery were observed. A final advantage of fibrous PGS sheets is the ability to create multi-laminate constructs due to fiber bonding that occurs during thermal crosslinking. Taken together, these highly elastic fibrous PGS scaffolds will enable new approaches in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

  11. Fibrous dysplasia in the maxilla: possible mechanism of bone remodeling by calcitonin treatment.

    PubMed

    Yasuoka, Tadashi; Takagi, Norio; Hatakeyama, Daijiro; Yokoyama, Kyoko

    2003-04-01

    The long-term follow-up case of monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the maxilla in a 10-year-old girl is described with her endocrinologic data and therapeutic consequence of calcitonin administration in association with surgical interventions. The fibrous dysplasia tends to become more quiescent or static after skeletal growth ceases, but the causative has been still unknown to date. In this case reported changes of calciotropic hormones in the serum were well corresponding to the ceasing of the tumor growth at the puberty and reflected to the calcitonin administration. Although calcitonin has been applied to the fibrous dysplasia associated with McCune Albright syndrome, no histologic changes have been described after the calcitonin treatment. This report might be the first description of bone remodeling after the calcitonin treatment for the fibrous dysplasia of the maxilla in immature people. Data of this case may provide a clue to the pathogenesis of fibrous dysplasia. Surgical intervention can be performed after the local bone calcification by a calcitonin treatment, because of alleviation of vigorous hemorrhage by the bone remodeling.

  12. Heparin interacting protein mediated assembly of nano-fibrous hydrogel scaffolds for guided stem cell differentiation.

    PubMed

    Tan, Huaping; Zhou, Qixin; Qi, Haifeng; Zhu, Dan; Ma, Xiaoxue; Xiong, Dangsheng

    2012-05-01

    A new methodology is developed to conjugate hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel with novel nano-fibrous architectures via non-covalent assembly that specifically allows for targeted adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) differentiation and soft tissue engineering. The assembly of non-covalently associated hydrogel network produced via the interaction of a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) modified HA derivative and heparin interacting protein (HIP). The multifunctional star poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and HIP copolymer has the capability to mediate the non-covalent assembly of nano-fibrous HA hydrogel networks via affinity interactions with LMWH. The effect of the HIP mediation on in vitro gelation, rheological characteristics, degradation, equilibrium swelling, adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) proliferation and differentiation of nano-fibrous hydrogel is examined. The results suggest the potential utility of this unique design of the bioactive nano-fibrous HA hydrogel in directing the differentiation of ASCs and adipogenesis in ECM-mimetic scaffolds in vitro. These studies demonstrate that this nano-fibrous HA hydrogel can render the formulation of a therapeutically effective platform for in vitro adipogenesis applications.

  13. Highly Elastic and Suturable Electrospun Poly(Glycerol Sebacate) Fibrous Scaffolds

    PubMed Central

    Jeffries, Eric M.; Allen, Robert A.; Gao, Jin; Pesce, Matt; Wang, Yadong

    2015-01-01

    Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) is a thermally-crosslinked elastomer suitable for tissue regeneration due to its elasticity, degradability, and pro-regenerative inflammatory response. Pores in PGS scaffolds are typically introduced by porogen leaching, which compromises strength. Methods for producing fibrous PGS scaffolds are very limited. Electrospinning is the most widely used method for laboratory scale production of fibrous scaffolds. Electrospinning PGS by itself is challenging, necessitating a carrier polymer which can affect material properties if not removed. We report a simple electrospinning method to produce distinct PGS fibers while maintaining the desired mechanical and cytocompatibility properties of thermally crosslinked PGS. Fibrous PGS demonstrated 5 times higher tensile strength and increased suture retention compared to porous PGS foams. Additionally, similar modulus and elastic recovery were observed. A final advantage of fibrous PGS sheets is the ability to create multi-laminate constructs due to fiber bonding that occurs during thermal crosslinking. Taken together, these highly elastic fibrous PGS scaffolds will enable new approaches in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. PMID:25686558

  14. Electrospun fibrous mats with high porosity as potential scaffolds for skin tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Xinli; Cui, Wenguo; Li, Xiaohong; Jin, Yan

    2008-07-01

    Diffusional limitations of mass transport have adverse effects on engineering tissues that normally have high vascularity and cellularity. The current electrospinning method is not always successful to create micropores to encourage cell infiltration within the scaffold, especially when relatively large-sized pores are required. In this study, a slow rotating frame cylinder was developed as the collector to extend the pore size and increase the porosity of electrospun fibrous scaffolds. Fibrous mats with porosity as high as 92.4% and average pore size of 132.7 microm were obtained. Human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) were seeded onto these mats, which were fixed on a cell-culture ring to prevent the shrinkage and contraction during the incubation. The viability test indicated that significantly more HDFs were generated on highly porous fibrous mats. Toluidine blue staining showed that the highly porous scaffold provided mechanical support for cells to maintain uniform distribution. The cross-section observations indicated that cells migrated and infiltrated more than 100 microm inside highly porous fibrous mats after 5 d incubation. The immunohistochemistry analysis demonstrated that cells began secreting collagen, which is the main constituent of extracellular matrix. It is supposed that highly porous electrospun fibrous scaffolds could be constructed by this elaboration and may be used for skin tissue engineering.

  15. Intra-articular soft-tissue masses of the ankle. Meniscoid lesions and transarticular fibrous bands.

    PubMed

    Stienstra, J J

    1994-07-01

    Meniscoid lesions and fibrous bands are unique lesions, most likely of differing origin. Although they are similar in clinical presentation, their appearance at arthroscopy is clearly different. The meniscoid lesion is attached only at its origin at the inferolateral gutter on the anterior talofibular ligament. Fibrous bands are attached at two ends and may be found anywhere in the joint but are most common extending dramatically over the anterior joint line. Unexpected encountering of a fibrous band should alert the surgeon to carefully inspect the joint for other associated (occult) pathology. Because of the frequent association of bands with antecedent fracture, the observation of this lesion should lead the clinician to consider antecedent intra-articular fracture (transchondral fracture, malleolar fracture, and tibial pilon fracture) as a likely co-pathology. Careful examination of the ankle and review of the radiographs and other available images may be helpful in assessing the joint for these injuries when fibrous bands are encountered. The association of meniscoid lesion with prior soft tissue injury (sprain) is also important to understanding this lesion. Excision of both these abnormal lesions in concert with repair of coexistent pathology is associated with improvement of symptoms. Finally, both fibrous bands and meniscoid lesions are associated with symptoms that warrant closer inspection and observation. Whether the operative intervention is open or closed, the reader can benefit from the information presented.

  16. Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps, should they be removed during anal fissure surgery?

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Pravin J.

    2004-01-01

    AIM: Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps are not given due importance in the proctology practice. They are mostly ignored being considered as normal structures. The present study was aimed to demonstrate that hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps could cause symptoms to the patients and that they should be removed in treatment of patients with chronic fissure in anus. METHODS: Two groups of patients were studied. A hundred patients were studied in group A in which the associated fibrous polyp or papillae were removed by radio frequency surgical device after a lateral subcutaneous sphincterotomy for relieving the sphincter spasm. Another group of a hundred patients who also had papillae or fibrous polyps, were treated by lateral sphincterotomy alone. They were followed up for one year. RESULTS: Eighty-nine percent patients from group A expressed their satisfaction with the treatment in comparison to only 64% from group B who underwent sphincterotomy alone with the papillae or anal polyps left untreated. Group A patients showed a marked reduction with regard to pain and irritation during defecation (P = 0.0011), pricking or foreign body sensation in the anus (P = 0.0006) and pruritus or wetness around the anal verge (P = 0.0008). CONCLUSION: Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps should be removed during treatment of chronic anal fissure. This would add to effectiveness and completeness of the procedure. PMID:15285031

  17. Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps, should they be removed during anal fissure surgery?

    PubMed

    Gupta, Pravin-J

    2004-08-15

    Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps are not given due importance in the proctology practice. They are mostly ignored being considered as normal structures. The present study was aimed to demonstrate that hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps could cause symptoms to the patients and that they should be removed in treatment of patients with chronic fissure in anus. Two groups of patients were studied. A hundred patients were studied in group A in which the associated fibrous polyp or papillae were removed by radio frequency surgical device after a lateral subcutaneous sphincterotomy for relieving the sphincter spasm. Another group of a hundred patients who also had papillae or fibrous polyps, were treated by lateral sphincterotomy alone. They were followed up for one year. Eighty-nine percent patients from group A expressed their satisfaction with the treatment in comparison to only 64% from group B who underwent sphincterotomy alone with the papillae or anal polyps left untreated. Group A patients showed a marked reduction with regard to pain and irritation during defecation (P = 0.0011), pricking or foreign body sensation in the anus (P = 0.0006) and pruritus or wetness around the anal verge (P = 0.0008). Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps should be removed during treatment of chronic anal fissure. This would add to effectiveness and completeness of the procedure.

  18. Experimental investigation of sedimentation of LOCA - generated fibrous debris and sludge in BWR suppression pools

    SciTech Connect

    Souto, F.J.; Rao, D.V.

    1995-12-01

    Several tests were conducted in a 1:2.4 scale model of a Mark I suppression pool to investigate the behavior of fibrous insulation and sludge debris under LOCA conditions. NUKON{trademark} shreds, manually cut and tore up in a leaf shredder, and iron oxide particles were used to simulate fibrous and sludge debris, respectively. The suppression pool model included four downcomers fitted with pistons to simulate the steam-water oscillations during chugging expected during a LOCA. The study was conducted to provide debris settling velocity data for the models used in the BLOCKAGE computer code, developed to estimate the ECCS pump head loss due to clogging of the strainers with LOCA generated debris. The tests showed that the debris, both fibrous and particulate, remains fully mixed during chugging; they also showed that, during chugging, the fibrous debris underwent fragmentation into smaller sizes, including individual fibers. Measured concentrations showed that fibrous debris settled slower than the sludge, and that the settling behavior of each material is independent of the presence of the other material. Finally, these tests showed that the assumption of considering uniform debris concentration during strainer calculations is reasonable. The tests did not consider the effects of the operation of the ECCS on the transport of debris in the suppression pool.

  19. Bilateral asymptomatic fibrous-ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint associated with rheumatoid arthritis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cunha, Carolina Ortigosa; Pinto, Lívia Maria Sales; de Mendonça, Luana Menezes; Saldanha, Aline Dantas Diógenes; Conti, Ana Cláudia de Castro Ferreira; Conti, Paulo César Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    The American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP) defines ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) as a restriction of movements due to intracapsular fibrous adhesions, fibrous changes in capsular ligaments (fibrous-ankylosis) and osseous mass formation resulting in the fusion of the articular components (osseous-ankylosis). The clinical features of the fibrous-ankylosis are severely limited mouth-opening capacity (limited range of motion during the opening), usually no pain and no joint sounds, marked deflection to the affected side and marked limitation of movement to the contralateral side. A variety of factors may cause TMJ ankylosis, such as trauma, local and systemic inflammatory conditions, neoplasms and TMJ infection. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the systemic inflammatory conditions that affect the TMJ and can cause ankylosis. The aim of this study is to present a case of a female patient diagnosed with bilateral asymptomatic fibrous-ankylosis of the TMJ associated with asymptomatic rheumatoid arthritis. This case illustrates the importance of a comprehensive clinical examination and correct diagnosis of an unusual condition causing severe mouth opening limitation.

  20. [Maximum permissible levels of asbestos and other natural minerals with fibrous structure--necessity of verification].

    PubMed

    Woźniak, H; Wiecek, E

    1991-01-01

    MACs of asbestos are from 2 to 20 times higher in Poland than in other Western Europe countries. The analysis of occupational diseases reported between 1983 and 1988 among workers of asbestos-cement plants has showed that Polish MAC values do not protect people from work-related asbestosis. Asbestosis was frequently diagnosed in workers employed at mining and processing of nickel ore containing admixtures of fibrous antigorite. The risk of asbestosis in workers of a nickel++ metallurgical plant was 8 times higher that in those employed at an asbestos-cement plant. In an animal study, fibrogenic, carcinogenic and mutagenic activity of antigorite was similar to the biological aggressiveness of crocidolite. Based on own studies and literature data, the following MACs for asbestos and other natural fibrous minerals were established: a) for dusts containing asbestos and other fibrous minerals except crocidolite and fibrous antigorite, total dust concentration equals 1 mg/m3 and concentration of fibres longer than 5 microns = 0.5 fibre/cm3 b) for dusts containing crocidolite and fibrous antigorite total dust concentration = 0.5 mg/m3 and concentration of fibres longer than 5 microns = 0.2 fibre/cm3.