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Sample records for postradiation malignant fibrous

  1. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Scalp.

    PubMed

    Shirley, Brett M; Kang, David R; Sakamoto, Aya Hamao

    2016-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are an uncommon slow growing benign neoplasm originally described as a pleural neoplasm but can also be found in the lung, mediastinum, peritoneum, or any other sites including the head and neck. Malignant solitary fibrous tumors (MSFT) are extremely rare and only few cases have been published in the literature. There have been 19 cases reported of MSFT in the head and neck, but there are no reports of MSFT located within the scalp in the English language literature. We present a case of MSFT arising in the scalp and describe our experience with the clinical presentation, surgical management, and outcome in this pathological condition. PMID:27408445

  2. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the esophagus.

    PubMed

    Lococo, Filippo; Cesario, Alfredo; Mulè, Antonino; Margaritora, Stefano

    2011-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the esophagus has been very rarely reported in literature. Herein, we report a case of a successful surgically treated malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the esophagus. A 36-year-old woman was admitted at our hospital with an erroneous ultrasound-based diagnosis of cervico-mediastinal goiter. Surprisingly, the preoperative diagnostic work-up, including a computed tomographic chest scan, endoscopy, and endoscopic ultrasonography, revealed a pedunculated intraluminal mass in the esophagus. The tumor was radically removed through left antero-lateral cervicotomy. Pathologic and immunohistochemical examination was concluded for a malignant SFT, a rare variant not previously described in relation to the esophagus. The patient underwent adjuvant radiotherapy and is alive with no signs of tumor recurrence 32 months after surgery.

  3. Malignant transformation of orbital solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiangning; Qian, Jiang; Bi, Yingwen; Ping, Bo; Zhang, Rui

    2013-06-01

    Orbital solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare tumor and may recur or undergo malignant transformation without complete excision. We present a case of orbital SFT which recurred twice and underwent malignant transformation. The patient was treated with en bloc excision via a lateral orbitotomy. The postoperative histopathologic diagnosis of this case was an adult fibrosarcoma. Postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy was given. In 18 months of further follow-up, there has been no evidence of recurrence, both clinically and in regular imaging studies.

  4. Malignant fibrous histiocytomas of salivary glands.

    PubMed

    Benjamin, E; Wells, S; Fox, H; Reeve, N L; Knox, F

    1982-09-01

    The light microscopic, immunohistological and ultrastructural findings in two cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in salivary glands are presented and the features of seven previously reported cases are reviewed. This neoplasm is extremely rare in this site and may pose problems in diagnosis. It has to be distinguished from other spindled cell tumours, in particular from epithelial tumours of predominantly spindled cell pattern; immunohistological markers for histiocytic cells may be of value. The histogenesis of this neoplasm is controversial but our electron microscopic findings support an origin from mesenchymal cells which differentiate along a broad fibrohistiocytic spectrum.

  5. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pancreas.

    PubMed

    Estrella, Jeannelyn S; Wang, Huamin; Bhosale, Priya R; Evans, Harry L; Abraham, Susan C

    2015-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising in the pancreas is exceedingly rare, with only 11 cases reported in the English literature. All cases described thus far have exhibited benign histology. We report the first case of malignant SFT of the pancreas. The patient was a 52-year-old woman who presented with obstructive jaundice and a 15-cm pancreatic head mass. The mass showed areas with typical histologic features for SFT including small fibroblastlike cells arranged in the well-characterized "patternless pattern" of architecture, hemangiopericytomalike vessels, areas with dense collagen and infrequent mitoses (0-2 per 10 high-power fields [HPFs]). In addition, multiple areas with an overtly sarcomatous morphology were present, containing large spindle and epithelioid cells with nuclear pleomorphism, marked cellularity, up to17 mitoses per 10 HPFs, and necrosis. Immunohistochemical stains were positive for CD34 and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in both benign and malignant components and showed strong, diffuse p53 and p16 staining in the malignant component. At last follow-up (40 months), the patient was alive and well without evidence of disease. However, given that the presence of a malignant component in extrapancreatic SFT has been associated with recurrence/metastasis and death, complete surgical resection and close long-term follow-up is required.

  6. Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pancreas.

    PubMed

    Estrella, Jeannelyn S; Wang, Huamin; Bhosale, Priya R; Evans, Harry L; Abraham, Susan C

    2015-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising in the pancreas is exceedingly rare, with only 11 cases reported in the English literature. All cases described thus far have exhibited benign histology. We report the first case of malignant SFT of the pancreas. The patient was a 52-year-old woman who presented with obstructive jaundice and a 15-cm pancreatic head mass. The mass showed areas with typical histologic features for SFT including small fibroblastlike cells arranged in the well-characterized "patternless pattern" of architecture, hemangiopericytomalike vessels, areas with dense collagen and infrequent mitoses (0-2 per 10 high-power fields [HPFs]). In addition, multiple areas with an overtly sarcomatous morphology were present, containing large spindle and epithelioid cells with nuclear pleomorphism, marked cellularity, up to17 mitoses per 10 HPFs, and necrosis. Immunohistochemical stains were positive for CD34 and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in both benign and malignant components and showed strong, diffuse p53 and p16 staining in the malignant component. At last follow-up (40 months), the patient was alive and well without evidence of disease. However, given that the presence of a malignant component in extrapancreatic SFT has been associated with recurrence/metastasis and death, complete surgical resection and close long-term follow-up is required. PMID:26166470

  7. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the meninges.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Kumiko; Tada, Toyohiro; Takahashi, Satoru; Sugiyama, Naotake; Inaguma, Shingo; Takahashi, Seishiro S; Shirai, Tomoyuki

    2004-05-01

    Increasing numbers of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) in the meninges have been reported since this entity was first recognized. While most cases previously reported were considered to be benign, the malignant potential of extrathoracic SFTs has not been excluded. The authors report a rare case of a meningeal SFT with malignant behavior occurring in a Japanese female patient, initially resected when she was 44 years old and recurring in the same place four times during a 26-year follow-up period. A metastatic tumor to the right lung arose 25 years after the resection of the first meningeal tumor and focal invasion into the cerebellum was also observed with her last (5th) meningeal tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis showed all tumors to be diffusely positive for CD34 and negative for EMA, with a so-called "patternless" histological pattern, featuring thin collagen fibers between tumor cells. A focal "staghorn" vascular pattern was also observed. Ki67 (MIB-1) labeling indices and mitosis rates were 3.1+/-1.2% and less than 1/10 high power fields (HPF) in the first meningeal tumor and 16.1+/-6.4% and 6/10HPF in the last (5th) one, respectively. Thus, the present case suggests that meningeal SFTs possess malignant potential so that careful long-term follow up is required.

  8. An intracranial malignant solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Choi, Chan-Young; Han, Seong-Rok; Yee, Gi-Taek; Joo, Mee

    2011-04-01

    Intracranial malignant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is very rare. It was identified in a 39-year-old female patient who underwent malignant transformation over 6 months. MRI revealed an 8 × 5 × 6 cm mass with heterogenous strong enhancement in the left occipital lobe. Histologic findings and immunophenotype (positive for CD34, bcl-2 and vimentin, and negative for epithelial membrane antigen or S100 protein) of the primary tumor were typical of SFT. However, there was a focal area (<10% of tumor volume) showing hypercellularity, nuclear pleomorphism and increased Ki-67 labeling index (LI) of 10% (average, 1%). At the second operation, the recurrent tumor revealed full-blown histologic features of malignant SFT, such as infiltrative brain invasion, marked nuclear pleomorphism, frequent mitotic figures (15/10 high power fields), and high Ki-67 LI (25%). The presence of atypical histologic finding or increased Ki-67 LI in the typical SFT, although it is focal, needs to be mentioned in the diagnosis and also may require more aggressive surgical management.

  9. Inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the retroperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Cvjetko, Ivan; Kocman, Branko; Sitić, Sanda

    2011-03-01

    The authors present a case of inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma located in the left retroperitoneum. The tumor was resected enblock with kidney and suprarenal gland. During the resection the system of retractors called the pillars of Kocman was used which allowed wide exposure of the abdominal cavity. The tumor measured 23 x 17 x 10 cm with the left kidney and suprarenal incorporated. The tumor was centrally pseudocystic made of xanthomatous cells, foamy cells and rare giant cells with storiform formations and infiltrated with neutrophils. Imunohistochemically, the tumor cells were vimentin and CD 68 positive and CD 20, CD3, EMA, S-100, HMB 45, CD 34 and CD 1a negative. Neutrophils were CD 15 positive.

  10. A large retroperitoneal malignant solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yoh, Tomoaki; Sata, Ritsuko; Kobayashi, Atsushi; Wada, Seidai; Nakamura, Yuya; Kato, Tatsushi; Nakayama, Hiroyuki; Okamura, Ryuji

    2014-01-01

    We report on a large, retroperitoneal, malignant, solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) with high proliferation activity. A 43-year-old man was admitted to our department complaining of a palpable mass. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large retroperitoneal tumor occupying the entire abdominal cavity. A laparotomy was performed for diagnosis and treatment, which revealed a tumor in the retroperitoneum but with no invasion to the surrounding organs, thereby allowing safe macroscopic excision. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped cells with patternless pattern and a hemangiopericytomatous appearance. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD34, vimentin, Bcl-2, and CD99 and negative for desmin, S-100p, and smooth muscle actin (AMA). The tumor exhibited high cellularity, moderate mitotic activity, pleomorphism, necrosis, and hemorrhagic changes. In addition, the Ki-67 labeling index was 37%. These findings confirmed the diagnosis of malignant SFT with high proliferation activity. Subsequently, adjuvant doxorubicin plus ifosfamide chemotherapy was performed. No signs of recurrence were observed 12 months after the surgery.

  11. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the penis].

    PubMed

    Crisman, G; Margiotta, G; Calabresi, M; Discepoli, S; Leocata, P

    2015-07-01

    According to the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines a diagnosis of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) should be made only for lesions composed of tumor cells without evidence of a specific line of differentiation. This is therefore a diagnosis by exclusion which is why the name of undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) should be preferred. Soft tissue sarcomas currently have an incidence in all body regions of approximately 20 cases per 1 million inhabitants per year. Soft tissue tumors of the penis represent approximately 5 % of all penile tumors and the incidence of penile sarcomas is estimated to be approximately 0.6-1 case per 100,000 patients. Only seven cases have so far been reported in the literature. This article describes the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian male who presented with a painless mass sited in the upper part of the corpus cavernosa. An incisional biopsy with a subsequent investigation using an extensive immunohistochemical panel were performed and a high-grade undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma or pleomorphic storiform MFH was diagnosed. In addition to the case report a literature review is presented to elaborate the discussion on the differential diagnoses of these kinds of lesions.

  12. General Information about Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone

    MedlinePlus

    ... Histiocytoma of Bone Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone ... the PDQ Pediatric Treatment Editorial Board . Clinical Trial Information A clinical trial is a study to answer ...

  13. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma without histological atypias.

    PubMed

    Laky, D; Penciu, M; Rădulescu, D

    1993-01-01

    A case of a 36-year-old woman suspected of hepatic hydatid cyst with dyseptic symptoms, hepatomegalia, profound pains in the right hypochondrium is presented. During the operation a 15/12/17 cm well-incapsulated tumour is extirpated. The tumour stretched from the upper right renal pole behind the right hepatic lobe as far as the diaphragm and while sectioning it was grey and orange. Histopathologically we found a fibrous histiocytoma with zones of storiform fascicular pattern alternating with areas of histocytic cells with vacuolar-foamy cytoplasm, rich in lipids and without atypias or mitoses. We report the frequency, histological aspects of the fibrous histiocytomas as well as some particularities of their retroperitoneal location.

  14. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma can mimic a hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Erbay, Gurcan; Ulusan, Serife; Koc, Zafer; Canpolat, Emine Tuba; Calıskan, Kenan

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the second most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adults. After the extremities, the retroperitoneal space is the second most common site of this tumor. A 50-year-old man presented with a right retroperitoneal, thick-walled, cystic multilocular mass measuring 10 × 10 cm that was thought to be a type CE 5 hydatid cyst preoperatively. However, the postoperative histopathology did not agree with the radiological findings and instead showed a malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The computed tomography and ultrasound/Doppler ultrasound findings of this retroperitoneal mass mimicked a type CE 5 hydatid cyst. We present this case because the surgical management of these two lesions differs and misdiagnosis can be problematic.

  15. Suboccipital malignant solitary fibrous tumor: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Zuniga, M Geraldine; Orr, Brent A; Chang, Steven S; Tufano, Ralph P

    2012-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare soft-tissue sarcomas usually arising in the pleura of the thoracic cavity. Thirty percent of SFTs present in extrapleural locations, and infrequently in the head and neck region. While the majority of SFTs are benign, aggressive variants have been described. We report a case of a patient with a malignant SFT arising in the suboccipital soft tissues of the neck. We elucidate the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in managing this tumor in this unusual location.

  16. Myxoid Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma with Multiple Primary Sites

    PubMed Central

    Muler, Jeffrey H.; Paulino, Augusto F.; Roulston, Diane

    2002-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is one of the most common types of soft tissue sarcomas in adults. The most common location of MFH are the extremities and the trunk, with the most common site for distant metastases being the lung. We describe a case with multiple synchronous sites of myxoid MFH but no lung metastases and presence of abnormalities of 19p13. PMID:18521346

  17. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lateral conjunctiva and anterior orbit.

    PubMed

    Boehlke, Christopher S; Frueh, Bartley R; Flint, Andrew; Elner, Victor M

    2007-01-01

    A 25-year-old woman presented for evaluation of a rapidly enlarging mass of the left bulbar conjunctiva. Debulking biopsy was performed, which led to the diagnosis of myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The patient underwent left orbital exenteration with clear margins. Histopathology showed involvement of the conjunctiva substantia propria, superior conjunctival fornix, and episclera, as well as extension from the lateral rectus muscle sheath. Immunohistochemical staining was strongly positive for CD68, alpha1-antitrypsin, CD34, and vimentin.

  18. The ultrastructure of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (case report).

    PubMed

    Lombardi, L; Pilotti, S; Carbone, A; Rilke, F

    1977-01-01

    A soft tissue malignant fibrous histiocytoma was studied by light and electron microscopy. The presence of fibroblast-like cells, histiocyte-like cells, undifferentiated stem cells, and xanthomatous cells was confirmed. Fibroblast- and histiocyte-like multinucleated giant cells were also observed. The observation of lysosomes in some fibroblast-like cells, the features of undifferentiated stem cells, and the presence of cells and intermediate characteristics common to xanthomatous, histiocytic, and stem cells suggest a strict relationship among these cellular types.

  19. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the urinary bladder.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Shih-Hao; Wang, Shian-Shiang; Lee, Chen-Hui; Ou, Yen-Chung; Cheng, Chen-Li

    2012-09-01

    A 67-year-old man was examined for persistent pain over his lower abdomen and was found to have a large pelvic tumor. During surgery, we detected a 16 × 9 × 9 cm(3) urinary bladder tumor with small intestinal adhesions, and performed partial cystectomy and segmental resection. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations established the diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Only 10 cases of urinary bladder SFT have been reported in the English literature; our patient is the second one with malignancy and had a longer follow-up period than the other case.

  20. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of breast: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Yang, Lian-He; Dai, Shun-Dong; Li, Qing-Chang; Xu, Hong-Tao; Jiang, Gui-Yang; Zhang, Yong; Wang, Liang; Fan, Chui-Feng; Wang, En-Hua

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is rare mesenchymal neoplasm that has been originally and most often documented in the pleura. Recently, the ubiquitous nature of the SFT has been recognized with reports of involvement of numerous sites all over the body such as: upper respiratory tract, somatic tissue, mediastinum, head, and neck. Less than 10 cases SFT of breast have been reported. Herein, we presented a 52-year-old Asian female with SFT of breast, this tumor showed predominant malignant features. To our knowledge, SFT of breast with such malignant evidence is extremely rare.

  1. Disseminated malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hongquan; Lucas, David R; Pass, Harvey I; Che, Mingxin

    2004-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura typically forms a localized pleura-based mass, and most are benign. A rare case of disseminated malignant SFT of the pleura is reported. The patient was a 71-year-old man who presented with complaints of shortness of breath to his primary care physician. A diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma was suspected, based on clinical, radiological and needle biopsy findings. He was referred to our institution for surgery. An extrapleural pneumonectomy, encompassing all pleural masses, was performed. Gross examination of the resected specimen was remarkable for numerous masses, ranging in size from 0.2 to 13.5 cm, covering the majority of the visceral pleura. Histologically, the tumor was composed of short spindle cells admixed with variable proportions of collagenous stroma. There were great intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity in tumor growth pattern, cellularity, pleomorphism and mitoses. Histologically malignant areas were present in all of the masses examined. The neoplastic cells were diffusely and intensely positive for bcl-2. Most tumor cells were also strongly stained for CD34 and CD99. Staining for cytokeratin was negative. The tumor also revealed p53 over-expression. Thus, the histological and immunohistochemical features of the tumor were consistent with a disseminated malignant SFT. This report shows that SFT rarely presents with disseminated pleural involvement, and a panel with CD34, bcl-2 and cytokeratin are valuable for differentiating SFT from malignant mesothelioma and other malignant spindle cell neoplasms of the pleura.

  2. Malignant giant solitary fibrous tumor of the mediastinum.

    PubMed

    De Raet, Jan; Sacré, Robert; Hoorens, Anne; Fletcher, Christopher; Lamote, Jan

    2008-09-01

    Malignant giant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the mediastinum is a rare neoplasm derived from mesenchymal tissue. Owing to its large size, a complete resection of the tumor can present many challenges, particularly given its proximity to vital neighboring structures. We report a successful en-bloc resection of a massive mediastinal SFT, which was compressing the inferior trachea and heart, by means of a median sternotomy and an anterior left thoracotomy. We emphasize the rarity of this uncommon mediastinal mass. Key points of mediastinal SFT are discussed.

  3. Recurrent Intrapulmonary Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Takuya; Owada, Yuki; Watanabe, Yuzuru; Muto, Satoshi; Okabe, Naoyuki; Yonechi, Atsushi; Kanno, Ryuzo; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

    2016-07-01

    Intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura; the so-called inverted pattern, which appears to grow into the lung parenchyma, is extremely rare. We experienced a 66-year-old woman with an intrapulmonary SFT that recurred locally with malignant transformation 2 years after wedge resection of the left upper lobe for the primary tumor. Subsequently, she underwent a lobectomy of the residual left upper lobe. Six years after the second operation she was well, without rerecurrence. Complete excision and long-term follow-up of intrapulmonary SFTs of the pleura are important, even when the primary tumor displays benign histopathologic features.

  4. Recurrent Intrapulmonary Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Takuya; Owada, Yuki; Watanabe, Yuzuru; Muto, Satoshi; Okabe, Naoyuki; Yonechi, Atsushi; Kanno, Ryuzo; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

    2016-07-01

    Intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura; the so-called inverted pattern, which appears to grow into the lung parenchyma, is extremely rare. We experienced a 66-year-old woman with an intrapulmonary SFT that recurred locally with malignant transformation 2 years after wedge resection of the left upper lobe for the primary tumor. Subsequently, she underwent a lobectomy of the residual left upper lobe. Six years after the second operation she was well, without rerecurrence. Complete excision and long-term follow-up of intrapulmonary SFTs of the pleura are important, even when the primary tumor displays benign histopathologic features. PMID:27343529

  5. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor in the extremity: Cytopathologic findings.

    PubMed

    Khanchel, Fatma; Driss, Maha; Mrad, Karima; Romdhane, Khaled Ben

    2012-04-01

    Malignant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an extremely rare neoplasm. There are only rare published accounts of the cytopathologic features of this tumor. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of a right thigh mass. A preoperative fine needle aspiration (FNA) was performed. Smears were hypercellular, with cohesive and crowded tissue fragments, haphazard cell arrangements and many single cells. The tumor cells were polymorphous, plump spindled or round with often indented or bare nuclei. A differential diagnosis of low grade sarcoma was favored. The diagnosis of malignant SFT is extremely difficult on FNA and must be included in the differential diagnosis of spindle cell neoplasms.

  6. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the right atrium.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xiao-Gang; Wang, Hao; Wang, Yan-Li; Chen, Gang; Jiang, Ge-Ning

    2012-11-01

    Cardiac solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are extremely rare, with only 4 cases described to date. Here, we describe the case of a 55-year-old man with a primary, malignant SFT that arose in the right atrium of his heart. His presenting complaint was of chest distress and shortness of breath. Physical examination revealed jugular venous engorgement. Computed tomography showed a tumor of 15 × 10 × 8 cm in the anterior mediastinum. The tumor was surgically resected under cardiopulmonary bypass. A grayish white neoplasm was discovered lying within the right atrium. The histological appearance of the tumor was of a hypercellular distribution of spindle cells with nuclear atypia, arranged in a storiform pattern and intermixed with collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor was positive for CD34. Based on the aforementioned features, the diagnosis of malignant SFT was made. The patient subsequently died as a result of respiratory and circulatory failure.

  7. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the nasal cavity.

    PubMed

    Zeitler, Daniel M; Kanowitz, Seth J; Har-El, Gady

    2007-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are unusual mesenchymal tumors that were first described as primary spindle-cell neoplasms of the pleura. These tumors have been described in many other locations, including the urogenital system, orbit, mediastinum, and upper respiratory tract. Twenty-two cases of an SFT of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity have been reported, but none described a malignant SFT extending through the anterior skull base. A 70-year-old man had a 6-month history of unilateral left-sided epiphora and nasal obstruction. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a large left-sided nasal cavity mass with extension into the left extraconal orbit and intracranial extension through the left cribriform plate and ethmoid roof. The patient underwent preoperative embolization of the internal maxillary artery and a subsequent anterior craniofacial resection via a midfacial degloving approach and a left anterior craniotomy. Histopathological analysis of the specimen was consistent with a malignant SFT.

  8. Solitary fibrous tumor with malignant potential arising in sublingual gland.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Ikuko; Sato, Sunao; Kudo, Yasusei; Miyauchi, Mutsumi; Sugiyama, Masaru; Suei, Yoshikazu; Takata, Takashi

    2003-01-01

    A rare case is described of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) with malignant potential arising in the sublingual gland. A 59-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of a slowly enlarging painless mass in the center of the floor of the mouth. The tumor was a well-demarcated, firm mass with a multicystic lesion. The tumor exhibited highly cellular areas of spindle cells with patternless architecture alternating with hypocellular areas. The tumor cells were positive for CD34 and bcl-2 as well as vimentin, and negative for epithelial, myogenic, neurogenic and histiocytic markers. The tumor cells formed multiple satellite nodules around dilated ducts in the multicystic lesion, indicating infiltrative growth. In addition, areas exhibiting higher cellularity with increased mitoses were noticed in the satellite nodules, although cellular atypia was not obvious. These findings led to a final diagnosis of SFT with malignant potential. There has been no recurrence or metastasis for 27 months after the surgery. Solitary fibrous tumor of the salivary gland must be differentiated from various spindle cell neoplasms including myogenic, peripheral nerve sheath, fibroblastic and fibro-histiocytic spindle cell neoplasms, hemangiopericytoma and myoepithelioma. In addition to characteristic morphological features, an immunohistochemical positivity for CD34 and bcl-2 may aid in the diagnosis of SFT.

  9. De novo malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Tsan-Yu; ChangChien, Yi-Che; Chen, Wen-Hsiang; Chen, Siu-Chung; Chang, Liang-Che; Hwang, Cheng-Cheng; Chein, Hui-Ping; Chen, Jim-Ray

    2011-01-01

    The kidney is a relatively infrequent site for solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Among the previously reported cases, only two cases of malignant renal SFT developing via dedifferentiation from a pre-existing benign SFT have been reported. Here we reported a case of de novo malignant renal SFT clinically diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma in a 50-year-old woman. The tumor was circumscribed but unencapsulated and showed obvious hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of patternless sheets of alternating hypercellular and hypocellular areas of spindle cells displaying mild to moderate nuclear atypia, frequent mitoses up to 8 per 10 high power fields, and a 20% Ki-67 proliferative index. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99 and vimentin, with no staining for all other markers, confirming the diagnosis of SFT. No areas of dedifferentiation were seen after extensive sampling. Based on the pathologic and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of de novo malignant renal SFT was warranted. Our report expands the spectrum of malignant progression in renal SFTs. Even though this patient has been disease-free for 30 months, long-term follow-up is still mandatory.

  10. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura with liposarcomatous differentiation.

    PubMed

    Bai, H; Aswad, B I; Gaissert, H; Gnepp, D R

    2001-03-01

    Pleural solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are uncommon tumors. Although these tumors have been well characterized, malignant pleural SFTs with liposarcomatous differentiation have not been reported. We report an unusual malignant pleural SFT intermixed with foci of well-differentiated liposarcoma. The patient was a 66-year-old, white man with a large, solid right pleural mass that measured 13.5 x 10.3 x 8.5 cm. The tumor was composed of spindle-shaped and plump cells embedded in dense collagenous stroma. The tumor cells were arranged in interlacing fascicles or in a patternless pattern. Marked nuclear atypia, a high mitotic rate (21 mitoses per 10 high-power fields), and areas of prominent necrosis were evident. In addition, numerous adipocytes mixed with typical lipoblasts were seen scattered throughout portions of the tumor. Immunohistochemistry revealed the tumor cells were strongly positive for CD34 and vimentin and negative for cytokeratin, desmin, smooth muscle actin (IA4), and S100. To the best of our knowledge, this case represents the first example of a malignant SFT with liposarcomatous differentiation.

  11. Metachronous Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Kidney: Case Report and Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Felix; Talanki, Varun R; Liu, Jingxuan; Davis, James E; Waltzer, Wayne C; Corcoran, Anthony T

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are well described in the pleura, but rare extra-pleural neoplasms have been reported. We describe a patient with a solitary left renal fibrous tumor who after undergoing a nephrectomy, presented 8 years later with a contralateral metachronous solitary fibrous tumor. Malignant metastatic extra-pleural solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare, and to our knowledge, this is the first case of contralateral recurrence of solitary renal fibrous tumor. The patient underwent a robotic assisted partial nephrectomy of the right renal mass. Both tumors showed overlapping histopathology.

  12. Metachronous Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Kidney: Case Report and Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Felix; Talanki, Varun R; Liu, Jingxuan; Davis, James E; Waltzer, Wayne C; Corcoran, Anthony T

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are well described in the pleura, but rare extra-pleural neoplasms have been reported. We describe a patient with a solitary left renal fibrous tumor who after undergoing a nephrectomy, presented 8 years later with a contralateral metachronous solitary fibrous tumor. Malignant metastatic extra-pleural solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare, and to our knowledge, this is the first case of contralateral recurrence of solitary renal fibrous tumor. The patient underwent a robotic assisted partial nephrectomy of the right renal mass. Both tumors showed overlapping histopathology. PMID:26793578

  13. An unresectable retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    HSIAO, PO-JEN; CHEN, GUANG-HENG; CHANG, YI-HUEI; CHANG, CHAO-HSIANG; CHANG, HAN; BAI, LI-YUAN

    2016-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is most commonly observed in the extremities and the trunk but rarely in retroperitoneum. The present case report documents a 64-year-old man who was admitted with an abdominal palpable mass for 6 months. After a thorough investigation, a tumor of the retroperitoneum was identified adhered to adjacent organs and vessels. The patient experienced mild hydronephrosis and hydroureter as a result of the tumor compression. A number of previous surgeons considered the tumor unresectable and suggested palliative treatment. En bloc resection of the tumor was attempted but incomplete surgery was performed initially as the tumor was friable and prone to bleeding. Therefore, a biopsy of the tumor was performed and a double J ureteral stent was set for hydronephrosis. Histopathological examination confirmed the tumor was an MFH. The patient received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy with 4 cycles of mesna, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and dacarbazine (MAID). A computed tomography scan demonstrated that the tumor had reduced in size following chemotherapy. En bloc resection of the tumor was arranged again 6 months later. The tumor exhibited a complete response to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy after the formal pathological evaluation. The patient survives without tumor recurrence >5 years without recurrence. PMID:27073487

  14. Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvic peritoneum with central malignant degeneration on CT and MRI.

    PubMed

    Vossough, Arastoo; Torigian, Drew A; Zhang, Paul J; Siegelman, Evan S; Banner, Marc P

    2005-11-01

    We describe a 61-year-old man who presented with an extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pelvic peritoneum with central malignant degeneration as seen on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histopathology. When a central focus of heterogeneity and variable contrast enhancement are identified within a fibrous tumor of the pelvis on CT or MRI, malignant degeneration of an extrathoracic SFT, although rare, should be considered as a diagnostic possibility.

  15. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma surgically removed six times using a harmonic scalpel.

    PubMed

    Maruta, F; Sugiyama, A; Murakami, T; Murakami, M; Ikeno, T; Shimizu, F; Ishida, K; Matsushita, K; Ota, H; Kawasaki, S

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes a patient with retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma who underwent surgical removal of the tumor 6 times. It is difficult to remove locally recurrent retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma many times by repeat surgery, since the tumor tends to adhere tightly to the surrounding scar tissue. In the 5th and 6th operations we conducted on the patient, a harmonic scalpel was useful for separating the tumor from the scar tissue at the previous surgical site.

  16. Postradiation sarcoma of bone: review of 78 Mayo Clinic cases.

    PubMed

    Weatherby, R P; Dahlin, D C; Ivins, J C

    1981-05-01

    Postradiation sarcoma of bone is an uncommon but serious sequela of radiation therapy. Seventy-eight Mayo Clinic patients have been treated for sarcomas arising in irradiated bones. They received their initial radiotherapy for a wide variety of nonneoplastic and neoplastic conditions, both benign and malignant. Thirty-five sarcomas arose in bone that was normal at the time of radiotherapy, and 43 arose in irradiated preexisting osseous lesions. The latent period between radiotherapy and diagnosis of sarcoma averaged 14.3 years. Ninety percent of the postradiation sarcomas were either osteosarcomas or fibrosarcomas; chondrosarcoma, malignant (fibrous) histiocytoma, malignant lymphoma, Ewing's tumor, and metastasizing chondroblastoma also occurred. Prompt radical surgery, when feasible, is usually the treatment of choice for the sarcoma. About 30% of patients with sarcomas of the extremities or craniofacial bones survived 5 years without recurrence; there were no disease-free survivors among patients with tumors of the vertebral column, pelvis, or shoulder girdle. The low risk of sarcoma following radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer should not be a contraindication to its use in these patients; however, radiation therapy for benign bone tumors should be reserved for lesions that are not amenable to surgical treatment. An unusual case is also reported herein in which a fibrosarcoma was discovered in the humerus of a patient who had received radiotherapy 55 years previously for a verified osteosarcoma in the same site. PMID:6939953

  17. Pleural malignant solitary fibrous tumor with sarcomatous overgrowth showing PDGFRbeta mutation.

    PubMed

    Rossi, Giulio; Schirosi, Laura; Giovanardi, Filippo; Sartori, Giuliana; Paci, Massimiliano; Cavazza, Alberto

    2006-08-01

    Pleural malignant solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are uncommon, and little is known about their histogenesis and molecular features. We report a case of pleural SFT with sarcomatous overgrowth that showed expression for PDGFRbeta and a missense mutation on exon 18 of the PDGFRbeta gene. The involvement of the PDGFRbeta gene in SFT is compatible with a pericytic derivation, also supporting a possible role of this tyrosine kinase in malignant transformation and in the adoption of novel molecular therapies.

  18. Radical resection of a giant, invasive and symptomatic malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) of the pleura.

    PubMed

    Filosso, Pier Luigi; Asioli, Sofia; Ruffini, Enrico; Rovea, Paolo; Macri', Luigia; Sapino, Anna; Bretti, Sergio; Lyberis, Paraskevas; Oliaro, Alberto

    2009-04-01

    Solitary Fibrous Tumours (SFTs) of the pleura are rare neoplasms, with unpredictable biological behaviour. Although usually benign, malignant SFTs are described, and they are often associated with large, necrotic and locally invasive tumours. Radical resection represents the treatment of choice in all cases; recurrences are uncommon, and redo-surgery should be considered. The case of a giant, invasive, radically resected malignant SFT, is described. The role of postoperative radiotherapy, to reduce the risk of recurrence, is also discussed.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor: histological and immunohistochemical spectrum of benign and malignant variants presenting at different sites.

    PubMed

    Hanau, C A; Miettinen, M

    1995-04-01

    Twenty-nine tumors (from 26 patients, including two with recurrent disease) diagnosed as solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura (n = 23), mediastinum (n = 4), abdominal cavity (n = 1), and parotid gland (n = 1) were studied immunohistochemically. Three histologically malignant tumors showed areas of high cellularity and mitotic activity (more than 4 mitoses/10 high-power fields) with features resembling malignant fibrous histiocytoma, malignant hemangiopericytoma, or fibrosarcoma, together with areas typical of benign solitary fibrous tumor. Formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and avidin-biotin-complex immunostaining were used. All of the tumors showed vimentin positivity and did not stain for cytokeratin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, or muscle cell markers, except for focal desmin reactivity in seven tumors, mostly seen in frozen sections, and focal keratin reactivity in one histologically malignant tumor. The neoplastic cells were positive for CD34 and negative for CD31; these patterns also were seen in the three histologically malignant cases. In nine of the cases acetone-fixed frozen sections showed variable focal positivity for neurofilament proteins of 68 kd. We conclude that SFT is a neoplasm of fibroblasts/primitive mesenchymal cells with features of multidirectional differentiation. We also report the finding of a novel site for SFT, the parotid gland.

  20. Postoperative Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation of the Pelvic

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Chao; Zhang, Yong; Jing, Ming; Qu, Wei; Li, Jia; Zhao, Xiang-Rong; Yu, Yong-Hua

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvic is an uncommon neoplasm with nonspecific symptoms. Reports of malignant transformation are especially rare. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor in pelvic. A unique feature of our case compared with previously reported is that this patient relapsed with malignant transformation and had significant response to radiotherapy. The patient was initially treated with surgery, followed by postoperative dimensional conformal intensity modulated radiation therapy (dynamic MLC VRIAN 23EX Linac, inversely optimized by the Eclipse system) to provide a radical cure for residual tumor. In this case, there were no signs of recurrence after six and a half years of further follow-up, indicating that postoperation radiotherapy may be an effective treatment for SFT with malignant transformation in pelvic. PMID:26765426

  1. Cytological patterns of primary malignant uterine fibrous histiocytoma. A case report.

    PubMed

    Torrisi, A; Giorgino, F; Onnis, G L; Minucci, D

    1990-01-01

    The Authors have reported the cytological patterns of malignant primitive uterine fibrous histiocytoma of a 57 year old woman. The endometrial cytological sampling was performed by an aspiration technique using a feeding-tube; a necrotic-haemorrhagic background filled with hymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and a mixture of highly anaplastic histiocytic and fibroblastic type cells, associated with undifferentiated small round cells, has been described. The result of the histological examination performed on the surgical specimen was the following: polymorphic malignant neoplasia characterized by spindle-like and giant plurinucleated cells, phagocytosis features, endoluminal polypoid growth, wide infiltration of the miometrium two thirds deep, vascular space invasion of the uterine wall and the hilus of the ovaries. The histological features and immunohistochemical analysis were consistent with malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the pleomorphic variety. PMID:1965802

  2. Multiple recurrent malignant solitary fibrous tumors: long-term follow-up of 24 years.

    PubMed

    Park, Chang Kwon; Lee, Deok Heon; Park, Ji Young; Park, Sun Hwa; Kwon, Kun Young

    2011-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura is a rare, generally benign, neoplasm that accounts for less than 5% of all pleural tumors. However, 10% to 30% of SFTs display aggressive behavior with local recurrence, malignant transformation, and distant metastasis. We report a case of multiple recurrent SFTs of the thorax in a 77-year-old Korean woman. During a 24-year period, she underwent six surgical resections for six recurrent SFTs. The tumor eventually underwent morphologically malignant transformation. This unique case highlights the necessity of long-term follow-up in cases of SFT because of the potentially malignant biological behavior of this type of tumor.

  3. A phase I trial of erlotinib in patients with nonprogressive glioblastoma multiforme postradiation therapy, and recurrent malignant gliomas and meningiomas†

    PubMed Central

    Raizer, Jeffrey J.; Abrey, Lauren E.; Lassman, Andrew B.; Chang, Susan M.; Lamborn, Kathleen R.; Kuhn, John G.; Yung, W.K. Alfred; Gilbert, Mark R.; Aldape, Kenneth D.; Wen, Patrick Y.; Fine, Howard A.; Mehta, Minesh; DeAngelis, Lisa M.; Lieberman, Frank; Cloughesy, Timothy F.; Robins, H. Ian; Dancey, Janet; Prados, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this phase I study was to determine the maximal tolerated dose (MTD) of erlotinib in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas (MGs) or recurrent meningiomas on enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs). Dose escalation was by a standard 3 × 3 design. The initial starting dose of erlotinib was 150 mg daily. If no dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was observed, then dose escalation occurs as follows: 200 mg/day, 275 mg/day, and then increased in 125 mg increments until the MTD was reached. The MTD was defined as the dose where ≤1 of 6 patients experienced a DLT and the dose above had 2 or more DLTs. The MTD was 650 mg/day; the observed DLTs were grade 3 rash in 2 patients at 775 mg/day. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed a significant influence of EIAEDs on the metabolism of erlotinib when compared with our phase II data published separately. Primary toxicities were rash and diarrhea. The MTD of erlotinib in patients receiving EIAEDs is substantially higher than the standard dose of 150 mg. This has important implications for further development of this drug in the treatment of MG as well as the optimal management of patients with other malignancies such as NSCLC who are on enzyme-inducing drugs. PMID:20150371

  4. [Recurrent malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit].

    PubMed

    Manousaridis, K; Stropahl, G; Guthoff, R F

    2011-03-01

    A 53-year-old female patient presented with a palpable mass in the right medial orbit which had been present for 18 months. The left eye had been enucleated in childhood due to a perforating injury. An orbital biopsy performed ex domo showed unspecific inflammatory tissue but no definite diagnosis was made and systemic therapy with corticosteroids was unsuccessful. A second orbital biopsy was performed in our clinic and revealed a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the orbit. Medial orbitotomy with tumor excision followed and the histological examination of the excised tumor established the diagnosis of SFT of the orbit with focal sarcomatous transformation. The patient presented 3 years later with a new orbital mass in a control MRI examination. Relapse was suspected and orbitotomy with excision of the mass was performed. The histological examination revealed a relapse of the SFT with sarcomatous transformation in the whole extent of the tumor. Radiotherapy with a dosis of 59.4 Gy was subsequently performed. The patient remained tumor-free in the most recent control examination 3 years later.

  5. Most malignant fibrous histiocytomas developed in the retroperitoneum are dedifferentiated liposarcomas: a review of 25 cases initially diagnosed as malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

    PubMed

    Coindre, Jean-Michel; Mariani, Odette; Chibon, Frédéric; Mairal, Aline; De Saint Aubain Somerhausen, Nicolas; Favre-Guillevin, Elizabeth; Bui, Nguyen Binh; Stoeckle, Eberhard; Hostein, Isabelle; Aurias, Alain

    2003-03-01

    Forty-four samples from 25 cases of retroperitoneal sarcoma initially diagnosed as malignant fibrous histiocytoma were histologically reviewed. Immunohistochemistry for mdm2 and cdk4 was performed on 20 cases. Comparative genomic hybridization was performed on 18 samples from 13 patients. Seventeen cases were reclassified as dedifferentiated liposarcoma. Twenty-one of 32 samples from these patients showed areas of well-differentiated liposarcoma, allowing the diagnosis of dedifferentiated liposarcoma. Immunohistochemistry performed in 15 of these cases showed positivity for mdm2 and cdk4. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis performed on 15 samples from 11 of these patients showed an amplification of the 12q13-15 region. Eight cases were reclassified as poorly differentiated sarcoma. Twelve samples from these patients showed no area of well-differentiated liposarcoma. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for mdm2 and cdk4 in one of six of these patients and showed positivity for CD34 in another one. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis performed on three samples from two of these patients showed no amplification of the 12q13-15 region but showed complex profiles. This study shows that most so-called malignant fibrous histiocytomas developed in the retroperitoneum are dedifferentiated liposarcoma and that a poorly differentiated sarcoma in this area should prompt extensive sampling to demonstrate a well-differentiated liposarcoma component, immunohistochemistry for mdm2 and cdk4, and if possible, a cytogenetic or a molecular biology analysis. PMID:12640106

  6. An aggressive solitary fibrous tumor with evidence of malignancy: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Vimi, S; Punnya, V A; Kaveri, H; Rekha, K

    2008-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is rare mesenchymal neoplasm that has been originally and most often documented in the pleura. Recently, the ubiquitous nature of the SFT has been recognized with reports of involvement of numerous sites all over the body, i.e, upper respiratory tract, breast, somatic tissue, mediastinum, head, and neck, etc. The diagnosis of SFT still remains an enigma in our field. Furthermore, malignant SFT is extremely rare and only two cases have been reported in the oral cavity till date. Here, we present a rare case report of an aggressive solitary fibrous tumor which presented as a palatal mass and extended throughout the middle cranial fossa and exhibited features of malignancy.

  7. [Pulmonary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (inflammatory type) showing intracavitary fungus ball-like shadow].

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, T; Takenaka, M; Kido, T; Tanio, Y

    1999-02-01

    We report a rare case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung showing intracavitary fungus ball-like shadows. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed no visible tumor, but adenocarcinoma cells were detected in samples of lavage fluid from the cavitary lesion. Staging procedures (T 2 N 0 M 0) confirmed that there were no metastatic lesions. A complete resection of the left lower lobe was performed. The tumor showed polypoid growth that obstructed a small peripheral bronchus, and formed a cavitary lesion. It was histologically diagnosed as an inflammatory type of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and consisted of atypical histiocyte-like cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, foamy cells, and fibroblast-like cells in a storiform pattern. The patient has been in complete remission for 3 years after surgery. PMID:10214047

  8. A phase II trial of erlotinib in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas and nonprogressive glioblastoma multiforme postradiation therapy†

    PubMed Central

    Raizer, Jeffrey J.; Abrey, Lauren E.; Lassman, Andrew B.; Chang, Susan M.; Lamborn, Kathleen R.; Kuhn, John G.; Yung, W.K. Alfred; Gilbert, Mark R.; Aldape, Kenneth A.; Wen, Patrick Y.; Fine, Howard A.; Mehta, Minesh; DeAngelis, Lisa M.; Lieberman, Frank; Cloughesy, Timothy F.; Robins, H. Ian; Dancey, Janet; Prados, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    Patients with (a) recurrent malignant glioma (MG): glioblastoma (GBM) or recurrent anaplastic glioma (AG), and (b) nonprogressive (NP) GBM following radiation therapy (RT) were eligible. Primary objective for recurrent MG was progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS-6) and overall survival at 12 months for NP GBM post-RT. Secondary objectives for recurrent MGs were response, survival, assessment of toxicity, and pharmacokinetics (PKs). Treatment with enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs was not allowed. Patients received 150 mg/day erlotinib. Patients requiring surgery were treated 7 days prior to tumor removal for PK analysis and effects of erlotinib on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and intracellular signaling pathways. Ninety-six patients were evaluable (53 recurrent MG and 43 NP GBM); 5 patients were not evaluable for response. PFS-6 in recurrent GBM was 3% with a median PFS of 2 months; PFS-6 in recurrent AG was 27% with a median PFS of 2 months. Twelve-month survival was 57% in NP GBMs post-RT. Primary toxicity was dermatologic. The tissue-to-plasma ratio normalized to nanograms per gram dry weight for erlotinib and OSI-420 ranged from 25% to 44% and 30% to 59%, respectively, for pretreated surgical patients. No effect on EGFR or intratumoral signaling was seen. Patients with NP GBM post-RT who developed rash in cycle 1 had improved survival (P < .001). Single-agent activity of erlotinib is minimal for recurrent MGs and marginally beneficial following RT for NP GBM patients. Development of rash in cycle 1 correlates with survival in patients with NP GBM after RT. PMID:20150372

  9. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (giant cell type) associated with a malignant mixed tumor in the salivary gland of a dog.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Martínez, C; García Fernández, R A; Reyes Avila, L E; Pérez-Pérez, V; González, N; García-Iglesias, M J

    2000-07-01

    A 12-year-old male Boxer dog presented with a 5 x 5 x 7-cm partially encapsulated mass in the right mandibular salivary gland. Histologically, the mass was composed of neoplastic epithelial and mesenchymal cells. The mesenchymal component consisted of two cell populations arranged in different patterns: coalescing nodules of neoplastic mononuclear cells with rare osteoid and numerous osteoclastlike giant cells; and sheets of neoplastic spindle cells intermingled with neoplastic epithelial cells and containing osteoid and well-formed bone trabeculae lined by osteoblasts and few osteoclastlike giant cells. On the basis of these histological features, two malignant salivary tumors were diagnosed: a malignant fibrous histiocytoma (giant cell type) and a malignant mixed tumor. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated keratin 5 and 8 expression by the neoplastic epithelial cells, indicating a probable salivary ductal origin, and vimentin expression by all mesenchymal elements, suggesting a fibroblastic line of differentiation.

  10. Basic FGF and Ki-67 proteins useful for immunohistological diagnostic evaluations in malignant solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Sun, Yuliang; Naito, Zenya; Ishiwata, Toshiyuki; Maeda, Shotaro; Sugisaki, Yuichi; Asano, Goro

    2003-05-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon soft tissue tumor initially reported in the pleura but recently described in other sites in the body. Morphological distinction between benign and malignant SFT is often difficult. An immunohistochemical study was performed in pleural and extrapleural sites. The aim of this study was to determine if an immunohistochemical method is helpful in distinguishing benign SFT from malignant SFT, and providing valid information to predict the prognosis associated with malignant SFT. Twenty-four cases of benign (14 patients) and malignant (10 patients) SFT in the pleura, pelvic space, prostate and other sites of soft tissue were analyzed. Tumors from 10 patients were diagnosed as malignant on the basis of markedly increased cellularity, mitotic activity (>4/10 high-power fields), nuclear pleomorphism and areas of necrosis. Immunohistochemically, we found a mean basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) labeling index of 48.67% (48.67 +/- 8.52%) for benign SFT and 74.5% (74.5 +/- 6.92%) for malignant SFT (P < 0.05). We also found a mean Ki-67 labeling index of 1.9% (1.9 +/- 0.43%) for benign SFT and 6.11% (6.11 +/- 1.05%) for malignant SFT (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that bFGF and Ki-67 are diagnostically relevant to the evaluation of malignant SFT and these proteins are thought to be potentially useful markers for prognosis of SFT.

  11. A clinicopathologic comparison of malignant fibrous histiocytoma and liposarcoma.

    PubMed

    Spanier, S S; Floyd, J

    1989-01-01

    The diagnosis of MFH depends on the demonstration of histiocytic and fibroblastic functions. MFHs may phagocytose fat; therefore, lipid stains are useless. By electron microscopy, cytoplasmic lipid is membrane-bound. Immunohistochemical staining for vimentin and histiocytic markers may be helpful. Liposarcoma is diagnosed only when there is convincing evidence of synthesis and storage of fat by the tumor cells. By electron microscopy, cytoplasmic lipid is nonmembrane-bound. Both MFH and liposarcoma have subtypes. In MFH, the pleomorphic forms are the most common. Myxoid MFH is less common; all other types are rare. In liposarcoma, the myxoid types are by far the most common. The myxoid types of both MFH and liposarcoma may contain other elements that vary in degree and geographic distribution and that can raise the histologic grade. About 50% of liposarcomas are low-grade tumors; these are almost always purely myxoid. Low-grade myxoid liposarcoma has a much better prognosis than other types. Myxoid liposarcoma has a better prognosis than myxoid MFH. The peak incidence of MFH is in the seventh decade of life whereas that of liposarcoma is in the fifth decade. A substantial number (roughly 25% to 30%) of MFHs occur in the subcutaneous tissue. Clinically they are almost invariably mistaken for ganglion cysts. Liposarcoma, however, is likely to occur in or below the buttocks. Most are in the anterior thigh. Subcutaneous liposarcoma is extremely rare. A tumor in this area is likely to be either a more malignant myxoid MFH or one of the benign atypical lipomatous tumors. In both MFH and liposarcoma, the development of distant lesions is related to the tumor's histologic grade and size and to local recurrence. Favored metastatic sites of MFH are lung and lymph nodes. Favored sites of distant lesions in the myxoid/round cell types of liposarcoma are intra-abdominal, retroperitoneal, other soft-tissue areas (especially in the neck), and bone. Lymph node involvement is very

  12. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: report of a case with cytogenetic analysis.

    PubMed

    de Leval, Laurence; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier; Hermans, Gilberte; Dôme, Florence; Boniver, Jacques; Herens, Christian

    2003-04-01

    The majority of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the pleura are benign, but 10-30% locally recur or metastasize. Pathogenic factors relevant to the determinism of their biological properties are largely unknown. Cytogenetic data on SFTs of the pleura are sparse. We report herein a case of a malignant SFT of the pleura where successful karyotyping was obtained from the primary and recurrent tumors. The initial karyotype showed two abnormal clones: 48, XY; +8; +8; del(9)(q22; q32) [19] and 46, XY, t(1;16)(q25;p12) [7]. Culture of the recurrent tumor yielded one clone identical to the dominant clone of the initial karyotype. Demonstration of a recurrent abnormal karyotype largely supports its relevance to the malignant clone and suggests a role of supernumerary chromosome(s) 8 in the determinism of malignant behavior in SFT.

  13. Localized malignant pleural sarcomatoid mesothelioma misdiagnosed as benign localized fibrous tumor

    PubMed Central

    Vo, Hong-Phuc

    2016-01-01

    Localized malignant pleural mesothelioma (LMPM) is a rare tumor with good prognosis by surgical resection. We report an atypical case of malignant pleural sarcomatoid mesothelioma (SM) in an asymptomatic 65-year-old woman, who had no history of exposure to asbestos. She presented with a small pleural mass without pleural effusion and was misdiagnosed as a benign localized fibrous tumor (BLFT) on pathologic examination through a surgical tumor specimen. However, seven months later, the patient returned with serious cancerous symptoms. A large recurrent tumor mass was found within the chest wall invading at the old surgical resection site. SM, a subtype of LMPM, was confirmed with histopathogy and immunohistochemisty. In conclusion, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) can present with typical radiologic finding similar to a BLFT, and has a wide histopathologic presentation in biopsy specimen. A thorough pathologic investigation should be attempted even when a pleural mass resembles benign, localized, and small on radiologic studies. PMID:27293862

  14. Localized malignant pleural sarcomatoid mesothelioma misdiagnosed as benign localized fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kwan-Chang; Vo, Hong-Phuc

    2016-06-01

    Localized malignant pleural mesothelioma (LMPM) is a rare tumor with good prognosis by surgical resection. We report an atypical case of malignant pleural sarcomatoid mesothelioma (SM) in an asymptomatic 65-year-old woman, who had no history of exposure to asbestos. She presented with a small pleural mass without pleural effusion and was misdiagnosed as a benign localized fibrous tumor (BLFT) on pathologic examination through a surgical tumor specimen. However, seven months later, the patient returned with serious cancerous symptoms. A large recurrent tumor mass was found within the chest wall invading at the old surgical resection site. SM, a subtype of LMPM, was confirmed with histopathogy and immunohistochemisty. In conclusion, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) can present with typical radiologic finding similar to a BLFT, and has a wide histopathologic presentation in biopsy specimen. A thorough pathologic investigation should be attempted even when a pleural mass resembles benign, localized, and small on radiologic studies. PMID:27293862

  15. Postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Tillotson, C.; Rosenberg, A.; Gebhardt, M.; Rosenthal, D.I.

    1988-07-01

    The oncogenic effects of radiation are well-established. Osteosarcomas and fibrosarcomas are the two most common histologic types of secondary sarcoma. In this article a case of postradiation osteosarcoma is presented in which four discrete foci of sarcomatous transformation have occurred in the tibia and fibula after irradiation for a rhabdomyosarcoma of the calf 8 years earlier. A review of the literature reveals no similar case. Although synchronous, multifocal osteosarcoma without prior radiation has been described, this case differs in clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features; it best fits the description of postradiation multicentric osteosarcoma.

  16. A recurrent solitary fibrous tumor of the thigh with malignant transformation: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Yoshimura, Yasuo; Sano, Kenji; Isobe, Ken-ichi; Aoki, Kaoru; Kito, Munehisa; Kato, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    Introduction We describe an unusual case of a uniformly high-grade malignant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the thigh with recurrence after wide resection in a 31-year-old man. Presentation of case Our current case showed a long-term benign course before the operation, although the subcutaneous tumor was larger than 10 cm at presentation. The SFT was diagnosed by needle biopsy, and wide resection was performed. Histological findings showed proliferation of capillaries surrounded by masses of spindle-shaped cells without any cytologic atypia, and the percentage of MIB-1-positive nuclei was 2.1%. However, a rapidly enlarging recurrent tumor was observed 11 months after the operation. A second wide resection for the recurrent tumor was performed. Histologically, the tumor cells uniformly displayed significant cytologic atypia and pleomorphism, and had 40–50 mitoses per 10 high-power fields. The proportion of MIB-1-positive nuclei was 48%. Consequently, the tumor was diagnosed as a SFT with malignant transformation. Discussion The malignant transformation described in past studies showed high-grade areas within benign, low-grade, or intermediate-grade SFTs. Therefore, in contrast to our case, uniformly high-grade malignant histological findings at recurrence were not described. Conclusion Even if a tumor is non-malignant during the clinical course, as confirmed by tissue biopsy, the possibility of tumor progression to high-grade sarcoma at recurrence should be considered, and the treatment strategy should be determined carefully. PMID:26967903

  17. Recurrent malignant sino-nasal solitary fibrous tumor: Eliminate the enemy at the first instance.

    PubMed

    Roy, Soumyajit; Mallick, Supriya; Kakkar, Anchal; Jana, Manisha; Julka, Pramod Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that usually arise in the pleura or less commonly in relation to other serosal surfaces. Infrequent case reports of extra-pleural SFTs have been described at various sub sites within the head and neck area. We report a case of recurrent sino-nasal SFTs treated with surgery followed by re-excision and adjuvant radiation on recurrence and then salvage chemotherapy on progression. Further discussed are the challenges associated with accurate histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis, the difficulty in assessing the aggressiveness and malignant potential of these lesions and the appropriate treatment and follow-up duration that these neoplasms require. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of recurrent malignant sino-nasal SFT in available scientific literature in English language.

  18. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid: a case-report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Alves Filho, Wellington; Mahmoud, Renata Regina da Graça Lorencetti; Ramos, Daniel Marin; Araujo-Filho, Vergilius José Furtado de; Lima, Patricia Picciarelli de; Cernea, Claudio Roberto; Brandão, Lenine Garcia

    2014-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle-cell neoplasm that most often involves the pleura, rarely occurring in extra-thoracic locations. Twenty-six cases of SFT arising in the thyroid gland have been described. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman presenting an 8-month history of enlargement of the neck associated with dysphagia. The patient underwent a right hemithyroidectomy and SFT of the thyroid was diagnosed. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD34 marker, and the high number of mitoses and the presence of cellular atypia suggested that the tumor was malignant. To our knowledge, this is the second case of malignant SFT of the thyroid gland ever reported. Due to the rarity of these tumors, the indication of adjuvant therapy and prognosis are uncertain. Long-term follow-up after surgical resection seems to be advisable.

  19. Recurrent malignant sino-nasal solitary fibrous tumor: Eliminate the enemy at the first instance.

    PubMed

    Roy, Soumyajit; Mallick, Supriya; Kakkar, Anchal; Jana, Manisha; Julka, Pramod Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that usually arise in the pleura or less commonly in relation to other serosal surfaces. Infrequent case reports of extra-pleural SFTs have been described at various sub sites within the head and neck area. We report a case of recurrent sino-nasal SFTs treated with surgery followed by re-excision and adjuvant radiation on recurrence and then salvage chemotherapy on progression. Further discussed are the challenges associated with accurate histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis, the difficulty in assessing the aggressiveness and malignant potential of these lesions and the appropriate treatment and follow-up duration that these neoplasms require. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of recurrent malignant sino-nasal SFT in available scientific literature in English language. PMID:26458621

  20. Postirradiation malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma and producing alpha-1-antitrypsin.

    PubMed

    Spagnolo, D V; Papadimitriou, J M; Archer, M

    1984-03-01

    A fatal nasopharyngeal malignant fibrous histiocytoma developed in a young male after irradiation of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma diagnosed 5 years earlier. The sarcoma extended from the nasopharynx into the floor of the pituitary fossa and into both parasellar regions. There was no clinical evidence of any distant spread. Many of the malignant cells contained cytoplasmic granular and globular PAS-positive inclusions shown to be alpha-1-antitrypsin immunohistochemically. Ultrastructurally, this probably corresponded to electron-dense material with distinctive patterns and which had accumulated within distended ergastoplasmic cisternae of the neoplastic cells. Three previously reported case of postirradiation sarcomas arising in nasopharyngeal angiofibroma were said to be fibrosarcomas and none produced alpha-1-antitrypsin.

  1. Malignant fat-forming solitary fibrous tumor (lipomatous hemangiopericytoma) in the neck: Imaging and histopathological findings of a case.

    PubMed

    de Carvalho, Alice Duarte; Abrahão-Machado, Lucas Faria; Viana, Cristiano Ribeiro; de Castro Capuzzo, Renato; Mamere, Augusto Elias

    2013-03-01

    Fat-forming solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare variant of solitary fibrous tumor, a mesenchymal fibroblastic neoplasia with a particular branching hypervascular pattern. This tumor is usually classified as benign and only very few fat-forming SFTs with malignant histologic features have been reported. We report a histologically malignant fat-forming solitary fibrous tumor in a 61-year-old man, located in his neck. Ultrasonography examination was first performed showing a heterogeneous lesion, predominantly hyperechoic, with sound beam attenuation, containing two hypoechoic solid nodules. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography examinations demonstrated a heterogeneous and predominantly adipose mass, containing post contrast enhancing solid nodules and thin septations. Treatment consisted of total removal of the lesion. Histologically, the tumor showed hypercellularity, numerous mitoses and cytological atypia, fulfilling the criteria for malignancy. The patient had no metastasis. This rare tumor may be confused with other fat-containing lesions on imaging examinations, mainly liposarcoma.

  2. Inflammatory Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Associated with Leukemoid Reaction or Leukocytosis: A Comprehensive Review

    PubMed Central

    Hurtado-Cordovi, Jorge; Pathak, Prajwol; Avezbakiyev, Boris; Frieri, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    Inflammatory malignant fibrous histiocytoma (IMFH) associated with leukemoid reaction (LR)/leukocytosis is a rare entity. In this paper, we search PubMed for all known cases of IMFH associated with LR/leukocytosis in an attempt to draw conclusions about this variant's response to treatments and its pathophysiology. Medline electronic database was searched using key words such as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, leukemoid reaction, and leukocytosis. A total of 16 patients were found, twelve males (75%) and 4 female (25%), with a mean age of 62.6 years, ranging from 47 to 77. The mean survival was 770 days, ranging from 14 to 6570 days. Four patients were alive at last follow-up: 6570 days, 1095 days, 335 days, and 180 days, respectively. Of the 12 patients that expired, death occurred approximately 92 days after the onset of LR or leukocytosis, ranging from 3 to 334 days. We conclude that IMFH associated with LR/leukocytosis does not completely respond to chemoradiation. Overproduction of growth factors and cytokines by IMFH cells and their interactions with the inflammatory infiltrate seem to promote immunological effector cell's dysfunction and substantiate the development and growth of this neoplasm. A clear understanding of these molecular pathways is crucial in order to identify targets for potential therapy. PMID:23097722

  3. Advanced malignant solitary fibrous tumor in pelvis responding to radiation therapy.

    PubMed

    Kawamura, Shinobu; Nakamura, Takafumi; Oya, Takeshi; Ishizawa, Shin; Sakai, Yuta; Tanaka, Tomonori; Saito, Shigeru; Fukuoka, Junya

    2007-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that is benign in most cases. Although SFT was first recognized to arise only in the pleura, recent reports indicate that SFT can involve a wide range of anatomical sites. To date, 17 cases of pelvic SFT have been reported. Herein is reported a case of a 74-year-old woman with a giant malignant SFT in the pelvis. Along with massive invasion to adjacent organs and multiple lung metastases detected on radiography, biopsy from the tumor through the vaginal wall showed malignant looking spindle-cell neoplasm with increased cellularity, areas of necrosis, and high mitotic activity (5/10 high-power fields). Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely and strongly positive for CD34, CD99, and bcl-2. Based on pathological features and clinical presentation, diagnosis of malignant SFT was made. The patient received systemic and the intra-arterial chemotherapy followed by whole pelvic radiation therapy (50 Gy). Initial chemotherapies failed to control the tumor. Afterwards, improvement was observed radiologically and pathologically in the 12 months' follow up after the radiation therapy. This is the first report related to therapeutic remarks on advanced malignant SFT.

  4. Primary hepatic solitary fibrous tumor with histologically benign and malignant areas.

    PubMed

    Silvanto, Anna; Karanjia, Nariman D; Bagwan, Izhar N

    2015-12-01

    Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm, presenting most commonly in the intrathoracic sites but which has been reported at numerous extrathoracic locations. The majority of intra-thoracic SFTs are benign, but 10%-15% behave aggressively. We report a case of primary hepatic SFT with histologically benign and malignant areas. A 65-year-old man underwent an abdominal CT scan following a cerebrovascular accident, which demonstrated a sharply demarcated large liver mass with a heterogenous enhancing area and occupying most of the left lobe of the liver. Histological examination following a hemihepatectomy showed an SFT with morphological patterns ranging from benign to malignant areas, including pleomorphism, increased cellularity, herringbone pattern, necrosis and a raised mitotic count. On review of the literature, only an occasional case report with malignant areas in a hepatic SFT was identified. This case highlights that SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of a hepatic spindle cell lesion, and that on rare occasions, malignant areas can occur in this already uncommon neoplasm. PMID:26663016

  5. Primary hepatic solitary fibrous tumor with histologically benign and malignant areas.

    PubMed

    Silvanto, Anna; Karanjia, Nariman D; Bagwan, Izhar N

    2015-12-01

    Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm, presenting most commonly in the intrathoracic sites but which has been reported at numerous extrathoracic locations. The majority of intra-thoracic SFTs are benign, but 10%-15% behave aggressively. We report a case of primary hepatic SFT with histologically benign and malignant areas. A 65-year-old man underwent an abdominal CT scan following a cerebrovascular accident, which demonstrated a sharply demarcated large liver mass with a heterogenous enhancing area and occupying most of the left lobe of the liver. Histological examination following a hemihepatectomy showed an SFT with morphological patterns ranging from benign to malignant areas, including pleomorphism, increased cellularity, herringbone pattern, necrosis and a raised mitotic count. On review of the literature, only an occasional case report with malignant areas in a hepatic SFT was identified. This case highlights that SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of a hepatic spindle cell lesion, and that on rare occasions, malignant areas can occur in this already uncommon neoplasm.

  6. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of tandem lesions in the skull and spine.

    PubMed

    Son, Seong; Lee, Sang-Gu; Jeong, Dong-Hae; Yoo, Chan Jong

    2013-09-01

    A Solitary Fibrous Tumor (Sft) Is A Rare Neoplasm Originated From The Pleura, But They Can Occur In A Variety Of Extrathoracic Regions. Although Many Cases Of Primary Sft Have Been Reported, There Are Extremely Rare Repots To Date Of A Malignant Sft In The Spine Or Skull. A 54-year-woman Visited Our Hospital Due To Low Back Pain And Both Leg Radiating Pain. Several Imaging Studies Including Magnetic Resonance Imaging And Computed Tomography Revealed Expansive Enhanced Lesions In The Occipital Bone, T8, S1-2, And Ilium, With Neural Tissue Compression. We Performed Surgical Resection Of The Tumor In Each Site, And Postoperative Radiosurgery And Chemotherapy Were Performed. However, After Six Months, Tumors Were Recurred And Metastasized In Multiple Regions Including Whole Spine And Lung. The Authors Report Here The First Case Of Patient With Malignant Sft Of Tandem Lesions In The Various Bony Structures, Including Skull, Thoracic Spine, And Sacral Spine, With A Rapid Recurrence And Metastasis. Although Malignant Sft Is Extremely Rare, It Should Be Considered In The Differential Diagnosis And Carful Follow-up Is Needed.

  7. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast. A case report and review of the literature

    SciTech Connect

    Langham, M.R. Jr.; Mills, A.S.; DeMay, R.M.; O'Dowd, G.J.; Grathwohl, M.A.; Horsley, J.S.

    1984-08-01

    The clinicopathologic features of a malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising in a female breast are presented. Seven cases have been previously reported. These may be divided into three subgroups based on history and pathologic findings. Three of the seven occurred in women without a history of other tumors or previous irradiation. One appeared with a cystosarcoma phyllodes, and three arose following radiation for carcinoma of the breast. The patient in this study had received no radiation. Treatment has been based on surgical resection; the roles of chemotherapy and radiation are uncertain. Although resection alone in the first subgroup has lead to no reported mortality, the small number of cases and the relatively short follow-up does not allow a meaningful assessment of the prognosis in this disease.

  8. Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast: report of one case

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Caigang; Zhao, Zuowei; Zhang, Qingfu; Wu, Yunfei; Jin, Feng

    2013-01-01

    Seven years ago, a 48-year-old female patient discovered a painless tumor in her right breast simply by chance. In the next year, the tumor increased significantly in size. At this point, the patient received a tumor resection, which was misdiagnosed as a benign mesenchymal tissue-originated tumor. Unfortunately, the tumor recurred just 10 days after resection. We subsequently resected the recurrent lesion and confirmed primary breast malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The tumor began to exhibit an unprecedented, massive, and uncontrolled growth, ulcerating soon after the operation. Treatment of the patient was limited by time. After the patient received a cycle of chemotherapy, she died of cachexia with the emergence of multiorgan metastasis 2 months after the operation. PMID:23589696

  9. [Primary malignant solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma of the parotid gland].

    PubMed

    Messa-Botero, Oscar Alberto; Romero-Rojas, Alfredo Ernesto; Chinchilla Olaya, Sandra Isabel; Díaz-Pérez, Julio Alexander; Tapias-Vargas, Luis Felipe

    2011-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) was first described in the pleura by Lietaud in 1767; later in 1870, Wagner described the localized nature of this type of tumor and Klemperer and Rabin classified pleural tumors into two types: diffuse mesotheliomas and localized mesotheliomas. Recent years have seen the redefinition of this neoplasm, due to better technology; it is now proven that this neoplasm may have multiple different extrapleural origins including the head and neck regions. This diversity of locations is related to the particular mesenchymal histogenesis of SFT which allows its development from very unusual sites such as the salivary glands (SGs). In this particular site, this neoplasm is very infrequent and most of reported cases refer to benign disease, with just one case informed so far of primary malignant SFT.

  10. Loss of CD34 and high IGF2 are associated with malignant transformation in solitary fibrous tumors.

    PubMed

    Schulz, Birte; Altendorf-Hofmann, Annelore; Kirchner, Thomas; Katenkamp, Detlef; Petersen, Iver; Knösel, Thomas

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study was to characterize the subgroups of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and to investigate the expression of different biomarkers including CD34 and IGF2 in malignant transformation. Two hundred and ninety-four (294) SFTs from a single German consultation center of soft tissue tumors were categorized into the new proposal of SFT designation. We found the fibrous variant in 223 (75.9%), the cellular variant in 65 (22.1%), the fat forming variant in 4 (1.4%), and the giant cell-rich variant in 2 (0.6%) cases. Anatomical location, size, mitotic index, necrosis, cellularity, collagenous ropes, and growth pattern of the vessels were recorded. Criteria of malignancy were found in 68 (23%) tumors. Expression of IGF2, IGF1R, CD34, BCL2, CD99, SMA, S100, PanCK, and Ki67 was analyzed immunohistochemically. Low expression of CD34 and high expression of IGF2 were significantly associated with malignant transformation and the metastatic rate. Moreover the presence of necrosis showed the most significant p-value (p<0.004). Of all SFTs, the fibrous variant is the most common, followed by the cellular variant. The fat-forming and giant cell-rich variants are very rare. Low expression of CD34 and high expression of IGF2 are significantly associated with malignant transformation, and might be an interesting target of individualized therapy.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and ADC map to predict malignant transformation.

    PubMed

    Inaoka, Tsutomu; Takahashi, Koji; Miyokawa, Naoyuki; Ohsaki, Yoshinobu; Aburano, Tamio

    2007-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the pleura are rare soft-tissue tumors that are presumed to be of mesenchymal origin. Most SFTs are histologically benign, but up to 20% of SFTs may be malignant. In addition, malignant transformation may occur within histologically benign SFTs, though it is rare. However, it is difficult to diagnose malignant SFTs of the pleura by means of conventional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this article we present the first case of malignant SFT of the pleura in an 81-year-old man in which the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and ADC map based on diffusion-weighted MRI were very useful for identifying malignant transformation.

  12. Change of SUVmax Slope in Dynamic Triphasic FDG-PET/CT Distinguishes Malignancy from Post-Radiation Inflammation in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma - a Prospective Trial

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, Carryn M; Chang, Tangel; Graham, Michael; Marquardt, Michael D; Button, Anna; Smith, Brian J; Menda, Yusuf; Sun, Wenqing; Pagedar, Nitin A; Buatti, John

    2014-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives(s) The positive predictive value (PPV) of post-radiation (RT) 3-month FDG-PET/CT imaging in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is limited. Dynamic data acquisition and analysis was evaluated for PPV improvement, utilizing a triphasic PET/CT technique. Methods and Materials We prospectively enrolled HNSCC patients who completed RT, with scheduled 3-month post-RT FDG-PET/CT. Patients underwent our standard whole-body PET/CT scan at 90 minutes, with the addition of head and neck PET/CTs at 60 and 120 minutes. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of regions of interest (ROI) were measured at 60, 90, and 120 minutes. SUVmax slope between 60 and 120 minutes, and change of SUVmax slope before and after 90 minutes were calculated. Data were analyzed by primary site and nodal site disease status using the Cox regression model and Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test. Outcomes were based on pathologic and clinical follow-up. Results 84 patients enrolled, with 79 primary and 43 nodal evaluable sites. Twenty-eight sites were interpreted positive or equivocal (18 primary, 8 nodal, 2 distant) on 3-month 90-minute FDG-PET/CT. Median follow-up was 13.3 months. All measured SUV endpoints predicted recurrence. Change of SUVmax slope after 90 minutes more accurately identified non-recurrence in positive or equivocal sites than our current standard of SUVmax ≥ 2.5 (p=0.02). Conclusions The PPV of post-RT FDG-PET/CT may significantly improve using novel second derivative analysis of dynamic triphasic FDG-PET/CT SUVmax slope, accurately distinguishing tumor from inflammation on positive and equivocal scans. PMID:25680593

  13. Abdominal malignant fibrous histiocytoma infiltrating stomach with Chilaiditi's sign manifestation (a rare case report).

    PubMed

    Nurdjanah, Siti; Bayupurnama, Putut; Maduseno, Sutanto; Ratnasari, Neneng

    2007-01-01

    The incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer are decreasing within last 60 years. Approximately 85% of gastric cancer is carcinoma where as the rest 15% is lymphoma and sarcoma. Leiomyosarcoma is the most frequently encountered sarcoma in stomach and represents 1-3% gastric cancer. This tumor is frequently located in the anterior and posterior wall of gastric fundus accompanied by ulceration and bleeding. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a soft tissue tumor with poor prognosis, rarely found in stomach. This tumor is most frequently originated from inner fascia or skeletal muscle (58-75%) and most frequently happen in the peritoneal cavity and abdomen (9-16 %). We reported a 45-year-old woman with abdominal MFH which infiltrated to the lesser curvature of stomach with Chilaiditi sign. Chilaiditi sign is a condition of intestine disposition (usually at the hepatic flexure of colon) which lies between liver and diagfragma, found in 0.1 ? 0.25% cases which is diagnosed by chest X Ray. This case is a very rare case.

  14. The RB1 gene is the target of chromosome 13 deletions in malignant fibrous histiocytoma.

    PubMed

    Chibon, F; Mairal, A; Fréneaux, P; Terrier, P; Coindre, J M; Sastre, X; Aurias, A

    2000-11-15

    Forty-four malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFHs) were studied by comparative genomic hybridization. Among the observed imbalances, losses of the 13q14-q21 region were observed in almost all tumors (78%), suggesting that a gene localized in this region could act as a tumor suppressor gene and that its inactivation could be relevant for MFH oncogenesis and/or progression. We determined by CA repeat analyses a consensus region of deletion focusing on the RB1 region. The RB1 gene was then analyzed by protein truncation test, direct sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, Southern blotting, and immunohistochemistry. RB1 mutations and/or homozygous deletions were found in 7 of the 34 tumors analyzed (20%). Among the 35 tumors with comparative genomic hybridization imbalances analyzed by immunohistochemistry, 30 (86%) did not exhibit significant nuclear labeling. The high correlation between chromosome 13 losses and absence of RB1 protein expression and the mutations detected strongly suggest that RB1 gene inactivation is a pivotal event in MFH oncogenesis. Moreover, the observation of a high incidence of MFH in patients previously treated for hereditary retinoblastoma fits well this hypothesis. PMID:11103795

  15. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus in a Spray Painter from an Automobile Repair Shop

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background We report a case of a spray painter who developed malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the maxillary sinus following long-term exposure to chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde, implying that these agents are probable causal agents of MFH. Case report The patient developed right-sided prosopalgia that began twenty months ago. The symptom persisted despite medical treatment. After two months, he was diagnosed with MFH through imaging studies, surgery, and pathological microscopic findings at a university hospital in Seoul. His social, medical, and family history was unremarkable. The patient had worked for about 18 years at an automobile repair shop as a spray painter. During this period, he had been exposed to various occupational agents, such as hexavalent chromium, nickel, and formaldehyde, without appropriate personal protective equipment. He painted 6 days a week and worked for about 8 hours a day. Investigation of the patient’s work environment detected hexavalent chromium, chromate, nickel, and formaldehyde. Conclusions The study revealed that the patient had been exposed to hexavalent chromium, formaldehyde, and nickel compounds through sanding and spray painting. The association between paranasal cancer and exposure to the aforementioned occupational human carcinogens has been established. We suggest, in this case, the possibility that the paint spraying acted as a causal agent for paranasal cancer. PMID:24472378

  16. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ning, Shanglei; Song, Xie; Xiang, Lei; Chen, Yuxin; Cheng, Yu; Chen, Hongqiang

    2011-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the thyroid gland (T-SFT) are rarely described, with only 21 cases being reported in the English literatures, all showing benign clinical characteristics. We herein present a 76-year-old woman presenting with a 3-month history of rapidly enlarging neck masses and the CT showed masses with partial calcification in the right thyroid lobe. We performed right hemithyroidectomy and isthmectomy with negative margin under general anesthesia. Histologically, the masses consisted of pleomorphic spindle cells with high mitoses and collagen bands. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells showed positive reactions for CD34, vimentin and bcl-2, then a diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the right thyroid was made. Six months postoperatively, the CT showed the recurrence of the thyroid tumor and the presence of many nodules of varying sizes throughout bilateral pulmonary lobes. To our knowledge, this is the first case of malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland (T-SFT) with local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis and T-SFT must be considered in the differential diagnosis of spindle cells lesions in the thyroid gland. Correct diagnosis of the malignant T-SFT plays an important role in choosing appropriate therapeutic strategies and long-term follow-up is also extremely essential for these patients.

  17. Myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma and pleomorphic liposarcoma share very similar genomic imbalances.

    PubMed

    Idbaih, Ahmed; Coindre, Jean-Michel; Derré, Josette; Mariani, Odette; Terrier, Philippe; Ranchère, Dominique; Mairal, Aline; Aurias, Alain

    2005-02-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma. Nevertheless, the validity of this heterogeneous pathological entity has been recurrently questioned by pathologists. Recently, analyses by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) of a large series of MFHs suggested that MFHs consist of morphologic modulation of other poorly differentiated sarcomas like leiomyosarcomas (LMS) or dedifferentiated liposarcomas (DLPS). We report here an analysis by CGH of 22 myxoid MFHs (mMFH), one of the five histological subtypes of MFH, and of nine pleomorphic liposarcomas (pLPS), a rare poorly differentiated LPS. The chromosome imbalances encountered in the series of mMFH were very similar to those observed in the series of pLPS studied in the laboratory and in the series of 14 pLPS published in the literature. The most frequent gains involved chromosome subregions: pericentromeric regions of 1, 5p, 19p, 19q and 20q. Losses found in the chromosomal arms 1q, 2q, 3p, 4q, 10q, 11q and 13q were also recurrent. The use of a clustering software did not separate the two pathological groups (mMFH and pLPS) on the basis of genomic data. Moreover, pLPS-mMFH represented, according to the clustering software results, an entity clearly distinguished from other soft tissue sarcomas, LMS in particular, with which they share common genetic aberrations. Additional studies are needed to identify genes targeted by these genomic aberrations, and implicated in the oncogenesis of these tumor subtypes. The characterization of common gene alterations in both tumor groups would suggest a closer relationship between these two types of soft tissue sarcomas. PMID:15702084

  18. Malignant fat-forming solitary fibrous tumor (so-called "lipomatous hemangiopericytoma"): clinicopathologic analysis of 14 cases.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jen-Chieh; Fletcher, Christopher D M

    2011-08-01

    Fat-forming solitary fibrous tumor is a rare variant of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Generally regarded as benign, very few fat-forming SFTs with malignant histologic features have been reported. Here, we report 14 histologically malignant fat-forming SFTs to better characterize this subset. Seven patients were female and 7 were male, with ages ranging 20 to 93 years (median, 57 y). Five tumors were located in the lower limb, 3 in the trunk, 3 in abdominopelvic locations, 2 in the head and neck region, and 1 in the upper limb. The tumor size ranged from 3.4 to 20 cm (median, 8.6 cm). Histologically, all exhibited at least focal hypercellularity; 12 tumors had mitoses >4/10 high-power fields (range, 2 to 37; median, 8), 12 showed at least moderate atypia, and 8 showed necrosis. It should be noted that 7 tumors contained only mature adipose tissue, whereas 5 contained multivacuolated lipoblasts and 2 had areas resembling atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT). Immunohistochemically, CD34 and CD99 were positive in most cases (11 of 14 and 8 of 10, respectively); MDM2 and CDK4 were both negative in all 4 cases tested (including both tumors with ALT-like areas). Follow-up data from 10 cases (median duration, 47.5 mo; range, 5 to 76) showed 2 patients with multiple metastases (both to lung and bones, and 1 each to breast and to soft tissue), both of whom died of disease. In conclusion, fat-forming SFTs exhibiting malignant histologic features have potential for aggressive behavior. The presence of lipoblasts and/or ALT-like areas, although described in some "benign" examples of fat-forming SFT, seems much more common in the malignant subset and may prompt a careful search for morphologic evidence of malignancy in any case of fat-forming SFT.

  19. The use of clustering software for the classification of comparative genomic hybridization data. an analysis of 109 malignant fibrous histiocytomas.

    PubMed

    Chibon, Frédéric; Mariani, Odette; Mairal, Aline; Derré, Josette; Coindre, Jean-Michel; Terrier, Philippe; Lagacé, Réal; Sastre, Xavier; Aurias, Alain

    2003-02-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is considered the most frequent soft-tissue sarcoma of late adult life. Nevertheless, the validity of this entity has been recurrently questioned by pathologists. Preliminary analyses by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) of series of MFH have suggested that this tumor group is heterogeneous at the genomic level, and that at least two main genetic subgroups exist. We report an analysis by CGH of a large series of 109 MFH and on the use of clustering software for an objective classification of these tumors. We confirm our preliminary CGH results and demonstrate that two main clusters of tumors are present in the series analyzed. PMID:12581902

  20. The solitary fibrous malignant tumour of the kidney: clinical and pathological considerations on a case revisiting the literature.

    PubMed

    Marzi, M; Piras, P; D'Alpaos, M; Paiusco, A; Canessa, S; Minervini, M S; Di Zitti, P

    2011-03-01

    The solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasms which generally originate from the pleura; also described are cases of SFT in other locations, included the genital-urinary tract. Described in the ambit the kidney are 19 cases of SFT and such rarity of localisation makes rather unknown the histogenesis and the prognosis of the lesion. We report the case of a 72 year old lady who attended our Unit for a mass which was clinically palpable at the level of the left hemiabdomen. Following an abdominal ultrasound scan a neoformation was highlighted which a successive tomodensitographic test indicated as being of likely pertinence of the middle third of the left kidney; the mass had a diameter of approximately 19 cm. A radical nephrectomy has been conducted. The histological examen highlighted a solitary fibrous tumour: the presence of hypercellularity, of cellular pleiomorphism and of a high number of mitosis has led to a histopathological diagnosis of malignancy of the neoplasm under examination. Departing from this case a review of the literature is carried out. The SFT of the kidney can have an aggressive character and more the present has hystopathological characters and clinical results are still rather unknown.

  1. Histologically malignant solitary fibrous tumour of the anterior thoracic wall: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Archontaki, Maria; Korkolis, Dimitris P; Arnogiannaki, Niki; Hatzijiannis, Stelios; Dendrinos, Panagiotis; Megapanos, Christos; Kassotakis, Dimitris; Kokkalis, Georgios

    2010-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare oncological entity that most often arises in the pleura. Over the past 10 years, the tumour has been described at numerous extrapleural locations. We present the case of a 42-year-old female Caucasian patient with an extrapleural SFT located at the anterior thoracic wall for 22 years, with atypical histological characteristics and clinical features of malignancy. Management consisted of a wide surgical resection, plastic reconstruction, and postoperative radiotherapy. Although extrapleural SFT usually behaves as a benign soft tissue tumour, it can also present with a more aggressive local behavior, including locoregional recurrence or metastasis. In that case, a multidisciplinary approach is required for accurate diagnosis and proper management.

  2. Mediastinal epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with abundant spindle cells and osteoclast-like giant cells mimicking malignant fibrous histiocytoma

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a relatively uncommon lesion usually presenting in soft tissues. The occurrence in the mediastinum is exceptional rare. Histologically, this tumor is characterized by epithelioid cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles in a hyalinized or mucinous stroma. Occasionally, spindle cells or osteoclast-like giant cells can be observed. Herein, we present a case of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma in a 38 year-old Chinese male. The tumor was predominantly composed of abundant spindle cells with marked atypia and scattered osteoclast-like giant cells reminiscent of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The unusual histological appearance can pose a great diagnostic challenge. It may be easily misdiagnosed, especially if the specimen is limited or from fine-needle aspiration. Virtual slides http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5804918529726307 PMID:23800015

  3. Postoperative Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation of the Pelvic: A Rare Case Report With Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Gao, Chao; Zhang, Yong; Jing, Ming; Qu, Wei; Li, Jia; Zhao, Xiang-Rong; Yu, Yong-Hua

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvic is an uncommon neoplasm with nonspecific symptoms. Reports of malignant transformation are especially rare. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor in pelvic. A unique feature of our case compared with previously reported is that this patient relapsed with malignant transformation and had significant response to radiotherapy. The patient was initially treated with surgery, followed by postoperative dimensional conformal intensity modulated radiation therapy (dynamic MLC VRIAN 23EX Linac, inversely optimized by the Eclipse system) to provide a radical cure for residual tumor.In this case, there were no signs of recurrence after six and a half years of further follow-up, indicating that postoperation radiotherapy may be an effective treatment for SFT with malignant transformation in pelvic.

  4. Postoperative Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Solitary Fibrous Tumor With Malignant Transformation of the Pelvic: A Rare Case Report With Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Gao, Chao; Zhang, Yong; Jing, Ming; Qu, Wei; Li, Jia; Zhao, Xiang-Rong; Yu, Yong-Hua

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvic is an uncommon neoplasm with nonspecific symptoms. Reports of malignant transformation are especially rare. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor in pelvic. A unique feature of our case compared with previously reported is that this patient relapsed with malignant transformation and had significant response to radiotherapy. The patient was initially treated with surgery, followed by postoperative dimensional conformal intensity modulated radiation therapy (dynamic MLC VRIAN 23EX Linac, inversely optimized by the Eclipse system) to provide a radical cure for residual tumor.In this case, there were no signs of recurrence after six and a half years of further follow-up, indicating that postoperation radiotherapy may be an effective treatment for SFT with malignant transformation in pelvic. PMID:26765426

  5. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor with high-grade nuclear atypia: an alternate entity for the undetermined tumor group.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Yuichi; Kohashi, Kenichi; Bekki, Hirofumi; Ishii, Takeaki; Iura, Kunio; Maekawa, Akira; Yamamoto, Hidetaka; Iwamoto, Yukihide; Oda, Yoshinao

    2015-02-01

    Recently, a novel fusion transcript, NAB2-STAT6, and its variants have also been reported to be specific diagnostic markers for solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). In this study, we validated the existence of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene in SFTs and examined its relation with the pathological features. Frozen samples from 9 tumors were assessed for fusion gene. The detected fusion genes exhibited large intron sequences and the insertion of unknown and previously unreported sequences. The fusion genes were not detected in the 2 malignant cases with high-grade nuclear atypia, nuclear pleomorphism and necrosis, that was confirmed by multiplex PCR method. In addition, 1 of the 2 NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene-negative tumors showed amplification of the MDM2 and CDK4 genes. It was suggested that a certain proportion of tumors previously diagnosed as malignant SFTs with high-grade nuclear atypia lacking NAB2-STAT6 should be categorized into a special subtype of SFT, which is genetically different from conventional SFTs, and which cannot be apparently distinguished from dedifferentiated liposarcoma or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

  6. Malignant fibrous tumor of the pleura: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Toelen, C; Deleersnijder, R; Thomas, B

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) of the pleura are uncommon and are incidental findings or discovered in patients with non-specific respiratory symptoms. We report a case of a 74 year old man diagnosed with a mesenchymal pleural neoplasm, associated with typical hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, referred to as Pierre-Marie-Bamberg syndrome. As reported in the literature, complete surgical resection is the gold standard for treatment of such lesions and recurrences. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are of limited value in the curative treatment of pleural SFT. In our case surgical excision of the mass was performed. After a disease-free period of 3 years a second intervention was necessary because of recurrence. Until now our patient is free of complaints and no signs of reappearance were noted. Based on our experience and on literature findings we would like to underline the importance of regular long-term follow-up because of the substantial risk of recurrence.

  7. Sorafenib in patients with progressive malignant solitary fibrous tumors: a subgroup analysis from a phase II study of the French Sarcoma Group (GSF/GETO).

    PubMed

    Valentin, T; Fournier, C; Penel, N; Bompas, E; Chaigneau, L; Isambert, N; Chevreau, C

    2013-12-01

    Malignant solitary fibrous tumors are rare soft-tissue sarcomas. They are considered as low-grade malignancies, but may display metastatic potential in 20% of the cases. In case of metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable disease, standard treatments, like anthracycline-based regimens, are poorly effective. Previous studies suggested that antiangiogenic drugs, such as sorafenib, could be efficient to treat vascular sarcomas and solitary fibrous tumors. Five patients with progressive SFT were included in this phase 2 study, and treated with sorafenib at a dose of 800 mg daily. Two patients out of the five achieved a 9 months disease control with sorafenib, while their disease had progressed within the month preceding their inclusion. Consequently, our data suggest a potential efficacy of sorafenib in SFT, Further investigation is needed to confirm these data.

  8. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of visceral organs: clinicopathologic features and diagnostic value of ezrin and HMG-CoA reductase

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Jinyang; Zhang, Shu; Wu, Xingyu; Shi, Jiong; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Xiaoqi; Yang, Jun; Obulkasim, Halmurat; Duan, Fei; Deng, Chao; He, Jing; Zou, Xiaoping; Ding, Yitao

    2015-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the breast and visceral organs is extremely rare. There is an incomplete understanding of the clinical pathology of the primary MFH originating from the breast and visceral organs, especially in comparison with other soft tissue sarcomas. As a consequence we searched and analyzed the clinical and pathological records of all the nine patients with diagnosed breast and visceral MFH in our hospital. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for ezrin and HMG-CoA reductase in these MFH cases and relevant mesenchymal sarcomas. The 9 MFH cases presented with nonspecific symptoms and imaging manifestations. 6 cases were classified as storiform-pleomorphic MFH, 2 cases as inflammatory MFH, and the remaining 1 case as giant cell MFH. The results showed that ezrin expression, as well as HMG-CoA reductase expression, was significantly stronger in MFH cases than other non-MFH sarcomas. Poor prognosis seemed to be associated with younger age. Certain characteristics and clinicopathologic features can help us making the diagnosis of MFH. In conclusion, our study provided the potential value of ezrin and HMG-CoA reductase for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MFH located in the breast and visceral organs. More accurate prognostic information of this rare disease needed to be further investigated. PMID:26045796

  9. Malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: report of a case and comprehensive review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Fine, Samson W; McCarthy, Denis M; Chan, Theresa Y; Epstein, Jonathan I; Argani, Pedram

    2006-06-01

    Renal solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been reported infrequently. We report a 76-year-old man with a left renal mass that had previously been shown radiographically to be stable, but was now growing. Grossly, the mass measured 12 cm, was poorly circumscribed, and invaded beyond the renal capsule. Approximately 10% of the neoplasm consisted of haphazardly arranged spindle cells admixed with dense collagenous bands, which is typical of benign SFT. However, the remainder of the mass was composed of pleomorphic, spindled sarcoma cells with frequent mitoses and foci of necrosis. Immunohistochemically, we observed CD34 labeling in the benign SFT component with loss of expression in the sarcomatous component, focal labeling for Bcl-2 protein in both areas, and absence of labeling for cytokeratin, renal cell carcinoma marker, S100 protein, CD117, and muscle markers in both areas. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of malignant renal SFT, likely representing transformation from a histologically documented benign SFT component.

  10. [Malignant solitary fibrous tumour of the kidney: report of a case and cumulative analysis of the literature].

    PubMed

    de Martino, M; Böhm, M; Klatte, T

    2012-01-01

    We report the case of a primary metastatic renal solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) and present a cumulative analysis of the literature. A 68-year-old woman presenting with a history of flank pain was diagnosed with a 7 cm renal mass. Further staging showed liver, lung and bone metastases. The patient underwent radical nephrectomy. Microscopically, the tumour consisted of pleomorphic, high-grade spindle cells with high mitotic activity, tumour necrosis and dense collagenous bands. Immunohistochemistry showed the strong expression of CD34 and vimentin, a weak expression of bcl-2 and CD99, and no expression of smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100, pan-cytokeratin, and epithelial membrane antigen. These findings are consistent with an SFT. For the cumulative analysis, a total of 46 renal SFTs from 35 reports were analysed. Median age at the time of surgery was 52 years and 63% of the patients were female. Sixty-two percent of the tumours were symptomatic, most commonly with flank / back pain (24%). Median tumor size was 6.4 cm. Histologically, 91% of the SFTs were benign and 9% were malignant. One patient died of the disease, while 90% are alive without evidence of disease.

  11. CyberKnife radiotherapy for malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the chest wall: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    WANG, ZHEN; WU, XIN-HU; LI, BING; KONG, QING-TAO; SHEN, ZE-TIAN; LI, JING; LIU, ZHI-BING; ZHU, XI-XU

    2014-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma, but rarely originates in the chest wall. Surgical resection is considered to be the most reliable treatment, however, no consensus has been reached concerning the best treatment for unresectable MFH. The current study presents the case of a 77-year-old male with MFH of the chest wall. The patient developed a painless mass and intermittent fever over a four-month period. A computed tomography scan demonstrated a large inhomogeneous lesion in the right chest wall, which was subsequently diagnosed via biopsy as a MFH. Since the tumor was an unresectable mass, CyberKnife® radiotherapy was conducted. Following the treatment, a marked reduction in the tumor size was observed with a tolerable level of toxicity. The sequencing analysis also revealed an in-frame deletion (delE746-A750) in exon 19 of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene. Based on this result, gefitinib was administered to the patient at a dose of 250 mg/day. PMID:24932251

  12. Cutaneous Inflammatory Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Presenting with a Leukemoid Reaction: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Hurtado-Cordovi, Jorge; Avezbakiyev, Boris; Frieri, Marianne; Freedman, Lester; Gebre, Wondwoosen

    2012-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is the most common sarcoma found in adults. We discuss a case of inflammatory MFH of dermal/epidermal origin presenting with a severe leukemoid reaction (LR). A 60 years old white male presented to hematology/oncology clinic complaining of mild shortness of breath on exertion. Past medical history was remarkable for removal of a left upper extremity necrotic mass 4.4 × 3 × 3 cm. Microscopy of the specimen showed clear surgical margin, and tumor cells restricted to the dermis without lymphovascular invasion. Immunohistochemestry was positive for CD 68 and CD 99. Chest x-ray was negative for metastatic disease. White blood cell count was 109.4 k/mm3 with 24 k/mm3 band neutrophils, and absolute neutrophil count of 69 k/mm3. CT scan of the thorax revealed numerous bilateral pulmonary nodules suspicious for metastasis. Based on these findings patient was diagnosed with metastatic cutaneous IMFH associated with a LR. Following review of medical literature, this appears to be the first reported case of inflammatory cutaneous MFH associated with LR. This histological variant is rare, and carries a poor prognosis. Thus, we would like to emphasize the need for investigating alternative therapies capable of improving the survival of these patients. PMID:22844297

  13. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Ergun, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  14. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Erguen, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The growing number of oncological patients subjected to radiotherapy require the diagnostic radiologist to be aware of expected bone changes following irradiation and the differentiation of this entity from metastasis. The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing, mainly because of the relative insensitivity of radiographs in detecting demineralization. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. In vivo midrodensitometric analysis and radionuclide bone and bone marrow scans can reveal early changes following irradiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  15. Postradiation atrophy of mature bone

    SciTech Connect

    Ergun, H.; Howland, W.J.

    1980-01-01

    The growing number of oncological patients subjected to radiotherapy require the diagnostic radiologist to be aware of expected bone changes following irradiation and the differentiation of this entity from metastasis. The primary event of radiation damage to bone is atrophy and true necrosis of bone is uncommon. The postradiation atrophic changes of bone are the result of combined cellular and vascular damage, the former being more important. The damage to the osteoblast resulting in decreased matrix production is apparently the primary histopathologic event. Radiation damaged bone is susceptible to superimposed complications of fracture, infection, necrosis, and sarcoma. The primary radiographic evidence of atrophy, localized osteopenia, is late in appearing, mainly because of the relative insensitivity of radiographs in detecing demineralization. Contrary to former views, the mature bone is quite radiosensitive and reacts quickly to even small doses of radiation. In vivo midrodensitometric analysis and radionuclide bone and bone marrow scans can reveal early changes following irradiation. The differentiation of postirradiation atrophy and metastasis may be difficult. Biopsy should be the last resort because of the possibility of causing true necrosis in atrophic bone by trauma and infection.

  16. Atypical and malignant solitary fibrous tumors in extrathoracic locations: evidence of their comparability to intra-thoracic tumors.

    PubMed

    Vallat-Decouvelaere, A V; Dry, S M; Fletcher, C D

    1998-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), first described as a pleural lesion, has been reported at numerous extrathoracic sites over the past 10 years. About 10% to 15% of intrathoracic SFTs are histologically or clinically malignant, but such cases have very rarely been described at other locations. Among 92 cases of extrathoracic SFT in our files, we identified 10 that either had recurred (2 cases) or had a least one atypical histologic feature (8 cases). The ten tumors occurred in five men and five women, 32 to 81 years old (median 56), measured 1.9 cm to 20 cm (median 11.5 cm), and were located in the abdomen/pelvis (4 cases), retroperitoneum (3 cases), groin, trunk, and upper arm. Nuclear atypia (8 cases), markedly increased cellularity (6 cases), areas of necrosis (4 cases), and greater than 4 mitoses/10 HPFs (3 cases) were seen in addition to the typical histologic features of SFT. Six tumors had at least two of these atypical histologic features. Nine cases were positive for CD34, six were positive for O-13, and one was focally positive for smooth muscle actin. Eight were excised completely. Subsequent follow-up revealed tumor relapse in eight cases (follow up 6-180 months, median 24). Four patients had local recurrence at 12 to 168 months. Distant metastasis developed at 1 to 6 years in five cases with spread to lung (2 cases), liver (4 cases), and bone. Metastasis or local recurrence developed within 2 years in five patients. To date, no patient has died of their tumor. These findings demonstrate that nuclear atypia, hypercellularity, greater than 4 mitoses/10 HPFs, and necrosis may be seen in up to 10% of extrathoracic SFTs, and are associated with, but are not by themselves predictive of, aggressive clinical behavior. In addition, our findings confirm that the behavior of extrathoracic SFTs is unpredictable, entirely comparable to that of their better known pleural counterparts, and confirm that patients with SFTs in all locations require careful, long-term follow

  17. Establishment of a human malignant fibrous histiocytoma cell line, COMA. Characterization By conventional cytogenetics, comparative genomic hybridization, and multiplex fluorescence In situ hybridization.

    PubMed

    Mairal, A; Chibon, F; Rousselet, A; Couturier, J; Terrier, P; Aurias, A

    2000-09-01

    The human COMA cell line has been established from a storiform pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). As expected for this tumor type, a very complex karyotype was observed after R-banding analysis. An extensive analysis by 24-color painting, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed. Twelve complex marker chromosomes recurrently observed were clearly identified; among them, three were systematically present in all analyzed metaphases. Amplifications detected by CGH were refined by FISH with probes specific for various candidate loci. A significant aneuploidy and numerous micronuclei were observed, which could be related to the anomalies of centriole numbers detected in a proportion of cells. Such an analysis, performed on a series of MFH cell lines, would allow the delineation of the genomic alterations specific for the oncogenesis or progression of this complex tumor type or both. PMID:11063793

  18. Indium-111-labeled leukocyte and technetium-99m-sulfur colloid uptake by a malignant fibrous histiocytoma: Phagocytosis by tumor cells

    SciTech Connect

    Palestro, C.J.; Klein, M.; Kim, C.K.; Swyer, A.J.; Goldsmith, S.J. )

    1990-09-01

    Indium-111-labeled leukocyte imaging, performed on a patient with a calcified mass in the right thigh, demonstrated labeled leukocyte accumulation in this mass. Technetium-99m-sulfur colloid imaging was performed to differentiate labeled leukocyte uptake in heterotopic bone marrow from uptake in a focus of infection. Leukocyte and sulfur colloid images were virtually identical, and the study was interpreted as without evidence of infection. Excision of the mass revealed an angiomatoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma with metaplastic bone formation. While no marrow elements were present in either the tumor or the metaplastic bone, phagocytosis of leukocytes by tumor cells was identified. Phagocytosis of leukocytes by tumor cells may be another cause of white cell accumulation in uninfected neoplasms.

  19. [Postradiation hypothyroidism in patients with lymphogranulomatosis].

    PubMed

    Miasnikov, A A; Livshits, A Kh; Mendeleev, I M

    1988-01-01

    A total of 93 patients with Hodgkin's disease were investigated at different times after radiation therapy. The hypothyroid status was found in 21.7% of the patients. The influence of the patients' age at the time of irradiation, administration of iodine-containing contrast drugs, polychemotherapy, and a summary focal dose of thyroid irradiation on the frequency of development of postradiation hypothyrosis was discussed. Criteria for substitution therapy with thyroid hormones were defined.

  20. Loss of chromosome 13 is the most frequent genomic imbalance in malignant fibrous histiocytomas. A comparative genomic hybridization analysis of a series of 30 cases.

    PubMed

    Mairal, A; Terrier, P; Chibon, F; Sastre, X; Lecesne, A; Aurias, A

    1999-06-01

    Regional chromosome localizations of DNA copy number imbalances were studied by comparative genomic hybridization in 30 malignant fibrous histiocytomas: 13 primary tumors (2 myxoid, 9 storiform pleomorphic, and 2 with more undifferentiated phenotype) and 17 local recurrences (2 myxoid, 11 storiform pleomorphic, and 4 with more undifferentiated phenotype). Abnormal comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) profiles were observed in 25 tumors (83%). The most frequent gains (ratio > 1.2) corresponded, by order of frequency, to entire Xp, and bands 1q21, 19q13.1, 19p13, 5p13-p14, 1p31, 17p, 18p, 20q, 1p35, 17q23, and 22q12. High levels of gains (ratio > 1.5) were recurrently detected for Xp (10 cases), and in bands 1q21-q22 (8 cases), 3q27 (4 cases), 5p13-p14 (3 cases), 13q32-q34 (3 cases), 15q22-q26 (3 cases), and 17p11-p12 (3 cases). Losses of 13q12-q14 or 13q21 were observed in a large proportion of tumors (17 cases), suggesting that a gene localized in this region could act as a tumor suppressor gene. Losses of 11q23, 2q32, 11p13, 10p, 1q4, 9p2, 16q12, 4q3, 10q25, 3p23, 2p24, and 12p were also recurrently observed. Taken together, these results provide an overview of chromosome imbalances present in MFH, which could be of use for diagnostic purposes. They point to various chromosome regions which may harbor genes important for malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) oncogenesis and progression. PMID:10347550

  1. Paratesticular Fibrous Pseudotumors

    PubMed Central

    Turkan, Sadi; Kalkan, Mehmet; Ekmekcioglu, Ozan; Haltas, Hacer; Sahin, Coskun

    2016-01-01

    Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumors (PFPs) are rare pathologies with quite wide and variable topographic-morphological features. It is difficult to distinguish PFPs from malignant masses. Treatment can be done by resection of the mass. We reported a young patient’s findings about this rare pathology. PMID:27441080

  2. ASK1 (MAP3K5) as a potential therapeutic target in malignant fibrous histiocytomas with 12q14-q15 and 6q23 amplifications.

    PubMed

    Chibon, Frédéric; Mariani, Odette; Derré, Josette; Mairal, Aline; Coindre, Jean-Michel; Guillou, Louis; Sastre, Xavier; Pédeutour, Florence; Aurias, Alain

    2004-05-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFHs) are aggressive tumors without any definable line of differentiation. We recently demonstrated that about 20% of them are characterized by high-level amplifications of the 12q14-q15 chromosome region, associated with either 1p32 or 6q23 band amplification. This genetic finding, very similar to that in well-differentiated liposarcomas, strongly suggests that these tumors actually correspond to undifferentiated liposarcomas. It also suggests that the lack of differentiation could be the consequence of amplification of target genes localized in the 1p32 or 6q23 bands. We report here the characterization by array CGH of the 6q23 minimal region of amplification. Our findings demonstrate that amplification and overexpression of ASK1 (MAP3K5), a gene localized in the 6q23 band and encoding a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase of the JNK-MAPK signaling pathway, could inhibit the adipocytic differentiation process of the tumor cells. Treatment of a cell line with specific inhibitors of ASK1 protein resulted in the bypass of the differentiation block and induction of a strong adipocytic differentiation. These observations indicate that ASK1 is a target for new therapeutic management of these aggressive tumors. PMID:15034865

  3. Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma of the scrotum in a patient presenting as fournier gangrene: a case report.

    PubMed

    Guo, Juan; Zhou, Shengmei; Rao, Nagesh P; Pez, Gholam H

    2010-10-01

    Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), also known as undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma according to the latest World Health Organization classification, is a diagnosis of exclusion and extremely rare in adult scrotal/paratesticular region. Clinical presentation of scrotal/paratesticular pleomorphic MFH is usually a painless and gradual scrotal swelling. We report a case of scrotal MFH in a 63-year-old man who presented as Fournier gangrene after 10-month painful scrotal swelling and multiple procedures. The specimen of emergent debridement was submitted for pathologic and bacteriologic examination. Microscopically, the lesion had marked architectural and cytologic pleomorphism. The neoplastic cells were positive for vimentin, but negative for all lineage-specific markers. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization showed an aneuploid karyotype and negative results for lipomatous tumor abnormalities. Bacterial cultures of the specimen showed extensive growth of virulent polymicrobes. The diagnosis of scrotal/paratesticular pleomorphic MFH with concurrent Fournier gangrene was made. Thoracic computed tomography scan showed bilateral multiple pulmonary nodules. The patient died 1 month later. PMID:20505510

  4. Distinct clinicopathological features of NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene variants in solitary fibrous tumor with emphasis on the acquisition of highly malignant potential.

    PubMed

    Akaike, Keisuke; Kurisaki-Arakawa, Aiko; Hara, Kieko; Suehara, Yoshiyuki; Takagi, Tatsuya; Mitani, Keiko; Kaneko, Kazuo; Yao, Takashi; Saito, Tsuyoshi

    2015-03-01

    The impact of NGFI-A binding protein 2 (NAB2)-signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) fusion on the biological behavior and the mechanism of acquisition of malignant phenotype in solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is not well understood. We examined variations of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene in 40 cases of SFT using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and secondary genetic alterations of tumor protein p53 (TP53),, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, β polypeptide (PDGFRB), and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoters. These gene variations were compared with the clinicopathological features. The 2-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates (DFSRs) were 91% and 83%, respectively. All 40 samples demonstrated nuclear staining for STAT6, including CD34-negative cases. Moreover, p53-positive staining was associated with a lower DFSR and was significantly associated with higher Ki-67 label index, higher mitotic rate (mitosis, >4/high-power field), and the presence of nuclear atypia/pleomorphism. NAB2-STAT6 fusions were detected in all of the cases; the NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 2, the most common genotype, appeared in 18 cases, which was associated with thoracic tumor location and the less aggressive phenotype. In contrast, tumors with NAB2 exon 6-STAT6 exon 16/18 demonstrated an aggressive phenotype. Mutations in TP53 and PDGFRB were detected in 2 and 3 cases respectively, and these occurred in a mutually exclusive fashion. TERT promoter hot spot mutations were observed in 5 cases, which were associated with shorter DFSR. Two dedifferentiated SFT cases harbored both TP53 and TERT promoter mutations. TP53 mutations, which result in its overexpression, in combination with TERT promoter mutations seem to play an important role in the dedifferentiation process.

  5. Leiomyosarcomas and most malignant fibrous histiocytomas share very similar comparative genomic hybridization imbalances: an analysis of a series of 27 leiomyosarcomas.

    PubMed

    Derré, J; Lagacé, R; Nicolas, A; Mairal, A; Chibon, F; Coindre, J M; Terrier, P; Sastre, X; Aurias, A

    2001-02-01

    Twenty-seven tumor samples with a diagnosis of leiomyosarcomas (LMS) were characterized by comparative genomic hybridization. The results were compared with immunohistochemical analysis of the smooth muscle profile of the tumors and expression of the RB1 gene protein. The comparative genomic hybridization profiles suggested that 7 of the 27 tumors might have been misclassified. High levels of DNA amplification were detected in 20 different small regions and recurrently involved bands 1p34, q21, 12q13-15, 17p, and 22q. Most recurrent simple gains were noted at sites such as 1p3, 1q21, 15q12-15, 16p, 17p and 17q, 19, 20q, 22q, and Xp. Significant losses of chromosome 13 were detected in 19 of the 27 tumors with a putative common region of loss in bands 13q14-21. Losses of chromosomes 1q, 2p and 2q, 4q, 9p, 10p and 10q, 11p and 11q23, and 16q were also highly recurrent. A comparative analysis between the most frequent genomic imbalances observed in this study of LMS and the genomic imbalances observed in a large proportion of malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) from a previous study demonstrated that both types of tumors had similar recurrent imbalances. Although MFH were once thought to be a separate member of the soft tissue sarcoma family, our observations support the hypothesis that MFH are a morphologic modulation in the tumoral progression of other sarcomas, particularly LMS. PMID:11232643

  6. Interleukin-6/Soluble Interleukin-6 Receptor Signaling Attenuates Proliferation and Invasion, and Induces Morphological Changes of a Newly Established Pleomorphic Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Cell Line

    PubMed Central

    Nakanishi, Hirofumi; Yoshioka, Kiyoko; Joyama, Susumu; Araki, Nobuhito; Myoui, Akira; Ishiguro, Shingo; Ueda, Takafumi; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Itoh, Kazuyuki

    2004-01-01

    Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is occasionally associated with inflammatory paraneoplastic syndrome (PNS). Recently, we reported that interleukin (IL)-6, one of the candidate cytokines, which induces such systemic inflammatory reaction, may be a tumor-associated factor involved in the pathogenesis and its clinical manifestations of MFH. In the local microenvironment, tumor-induced inflammatory reaction may play a role favoring tumor progression. To clarify the biological relevance of IL-6 in MFH, we established a human MFH cell line, named MIPS-2, derived from a resected specimen of a patient presenting with PNS. In this patient, the serum IL-6 level ran parallel to the disease course: elevated serum IL-6 concentration normalized immediately after radical surgery, and re-elevation occurred on tumor recurrence. MIPS-2 presented pleomorphic appearance, severe nuclear abnormalities with prominent nucleoli, and tumorigenesis in nude mice. MIPS-2 expressed IL-6, IL-6 receptor (IL-6R), and glycoprotein 130 (gp130) but lacked the soluble form of IL-6R (sIL-6R), as determined by flow cytometry and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analyses. Stimulation of MIPS-2 with IL-6 combined with exogenous sIL-6R induced phosphorylation of both signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), decreased cell proliferation, attenuated invasion, and induced morphological changes. Collectively, these data suggested that the IL-6/sIL-6R signaling pathway plays a pivotal role for proliferation, invasion, and morphology of MFH via STAT3 and MAPK pathway as autocrine and/or paracrine manner, and proposed the therapeutic potential for the use of both anti-growth factor and proinflammatory cytokine-targeting strategies to combat devastating MFH. PMID:15277221

  7. Fibrous dysplasia

    MedlinePlus

    ... page, please enable JavaScript. Fibrous dysplasia is a bone disease that destroys and replaces normal bone with fibrous ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics Bone Diseases Browse the Encyclopedia A.D.A.M., Inc. ...

  8. Primary Cardiac Solitary Fibrous Tumors

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Primary cardiac solitary fibrous tumors were reviewed. They are classified as pericardial tumors. Their incidences are very rare. Only 16 cases were reported in the literature. Basically, surgical treatments are performed. Their prognoses are generally good, although malignant cases are also reported. PMID:26156195

  9. Retroperitoneal malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the small pelvis causing recurrent hypoglycemia by secretion of insulin-like growth factor 2.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Sigrid; Greco, Francesco; Hamza, Amir; Hoda, Rashid M; Holzhausen, Hans Jürgen; Fornara, Paolo

    2009-03-01

    A 28-yr-old man presented with recurrent reduced consciousness, generalized seizures of unknown etiology, recurrent hypoglycemia, psychomotor retardation, and grade 2 ectasia of the left kidney. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans demonstrated a well-circumscribed suprapubic pelvic mass, measuring 18 x 15 x 11 cm, with involvement of para-aortic lymph nodes and dilatation of the left ureter suggestive of an extragonadal testicular tumor. We excised the tumor by laparotomy, and it was confirmed to be a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). After surgery and R0 tumor resection, the patient had no further evidence of hypoglycemia or of recurrence.

  10. Fibrous dysplasia and cherubism

    PubMed Central

    Bhattacharya, Surajit; Mishra, RK

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-malignant fibro-osseous bony lesion in which the involved bone/bones gradually get converted into expanding cystic and fibrous tissue. The underlying defect in FD is post-natal mutation of GNAS1 gene, which leads to the proliferation and activation of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells arresting the bone development in woven phase and ultimately converting them into fibro-osseous cystic tissue. Cherubism is a hereditary form of fibrous dysplasia in which the causative factor is transmission of autosomal dominant SH3BP2 gene mutation. The disease may present in two distinct forms, a less severe and limited monostotic form, and a more aggressive and more widespread polyostotic form. Polyostotic form may be associated with various endocrine abnormalities, which require active management apart from the management of FD. Management of FD is not free from controversies. While total surgical excision of the involved area and reconstruction using newer micro-vascular technique is the only definitive treatment available from the curative point of view, but this can be only offered to monostotic and very few polyostotic lesions. In polyostotic varieties on many occasions these radical surgeries are very deforming in these slow growing lesions and so their indication is highly debated. The treatment of cranio-facial fibrous dysplasia should be highly individualized, depending on the fact that the clinical behavior of lesion is variable at various ages and in individual patients. A more conservative approach in the form of aesthetic recontouring of deformed bone, orthodontic occlusal correction, and watchful expectancy may be the more accepted form of treatment in young patients. Newer generation real-time imaging guidance during recontouring surgery adds to accuracy and safety of these procedures. Regular clinical and radiological follow up is required to watch for quiescence, regression or reactivation of the disease process. Patients must be

  11. Late recurrence of a malignant hypoglycemia-inducing pelvic solitary fibrous tumor secreting high-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor-II: A case report with protein analysis

    PubMed Central

    ISHIHARA, HIROKI; OMAE, KENJI; IIZUKA, JUNPEI; KOBAYASHI, HIROHITO; FUKUDA, IZUMI; KONDO, TSUNENORI; HIZUKA, NAOMI; NAGASHIMA, YOJI; TANABE, KAZUNARI

    2016-01-01

    The present study reports a case of recurrent malignant pelvic solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) that induced non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia via high-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor-II in a 72-year-old male patient. The tumor recurred ~12 years after the complete resection of the original mass. The recurrent tumor, which had directly invaded the left ureter and perirectal fat tissue, could not be completely excised due to its fragility and adhesiveness. At 13 days post-surgery, the patient presented with rectal perforation, and an urgent rectal resection and colostomy was performed. Neither recurrence of the tumor nor hypoglycemic symptoms were observed 9 months after the surgery. High molecular weight insulin-like growth factor-II was detected in the serum and tumor specimens by western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. The present case report suggests that certain SFTs can relapse even ≥10 years after a presumed complete resection of the primary tumor, and that performing a safe and complete resection of these tumors can be challenging, due to their adhesiveness or physical presentation; therefore, the indications for surgery should be considered with caution. PMID:27347168

  12. Expanding the spectrum of malignant progression in solitary fibrous tumors: a study of 8 cases with a discrete anaplastic component--is this dedifferentiated SFT?

    PubMed

    Mosquera, Juan-Miguel; Fletcher, Christopher D M

    2009-09-01

    Dedifferentiation is a well recognized, if sometimes controversial, form of tumor progression in certain types of soft tissue and bone sarcoma, and confers a worse prognosis when compared with the low-grade counterpart. To date, dedifferentiation has not been described in solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Among 948 cases of both intrathoracic and extrathoracic SFTs in our files accessioned between 1988 and 2008, we identified 8 cases of conventional SFT with a discrete anaplastic component, which we believe represents dedifferentiation. These occurred in 3 men and 5 women, 40 to 76 years old (median 60 y), and measured 3.4 to 20.0 cm (median 8.5 cm). Two cases were intrathoracic, 2 were located in the deep soft tissue of thigh, and single cases were located in the omentum, scalp, retroperitoneum, and abdominal wall. In addition to typical features of benign-appearing SFT there was an abrupt transition to nondistinctive high-grade sarcoma in all cases. The latter included epithelioid, round cell, and/or spindle cell components with increased mitotic activity, necrosis, and cystic degeneration. By immunohistochemistry, 7 of 8 cases were CD34 positive in the usual SFT areas, whereas 5 showed loss of CD34 in the poorly differentiated component. Six of 7 cases stained for p53 and p16 showed either negative or scattered positive cells in well-differentiated SFT areas, in contrast to positive or stronger and more diffuse staining in the high-grade component. Follow-up information available in 7 patients ranged from 1 to 58 months (mean 24 mo). Three patients with the largest tumors (9.0, 17.0, and 20.0 cm) died of disease, whereas 3 patients whose tumors measured 8.0 cm or less were treated by surgical excision only, and show no evidence of disease but with only limited follow-up. One patient with an 11.5 cm intrathoracic tumor is alive with disease at 58 months after recurrence and metastasis. We describe, apparently for the first time, what seems, at least in our view, to

  13. Primary and metastatic high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the gastrointestinal tract: an approach to the differential diagnosis in a series of five cases with emphasis on myofibroblastic differentiation.

    PubMed

    Agaimy, Abbas; Gaumann, Andreas; Schroeder, Josef; Dietmaier, Wolfgang; Hartmann, Arndt; Hofstaedter, Ferdinand; Wünsch, Peter H; Mentzel, Thomas

    2007-11-01

    Primary and metastatic so-called malignant fibrous histiocytoma/undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma (MFH) is rare in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract with approximately 50 primary and five metastatic cases reported so far. We evaluated two primary gastric and three metastatic intestinal high-grade pleomorphic sarcomas with features of storiform-pleomorphic MFH. Gastric tumours occurred in a 79-year-old man and a 68-year-old woman. One patient died post-operatively, and the other was disease-free at 6 months. Three patients presented with GI metastasis 24, 60 and 0 months after diagnosis of MFH of the heart (n = 1) and the thigh (n = 2). Metastases were located in the small (n = 1) and large bowel (n = 2) and were characteristically pedunculated and polypoid with oedematous haemorrhagic stroma. Concurrent metastases (brain, lung, bone) were present in all three cases. Tumours expressed alpha-smooth muscle actin (four of five), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) alpha (three of three) and PDGFRbeta (two of three) but were negative for CD117, CD34 and other lineage-specific markers. Ultrastructural examination revealed myo/fibroblastic features. Both gastric MFH were wild type for KIT and PDGFRalpha. In conclusion, primary and metastatic MFH of the GI tract commonly express PDGFRalpha and show a myo/fibroblastic phenotype. They should be distinguished from a variety of primary and metastatic pleomorphic neoplasms, in particular high-grade sarcomatous GI stromal tumours (GIST), pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma, sarcomatoid carcinoma and other mimics. PMID:17874130

  14. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Sigmoid Colon Masquerading as an Adnexal Neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Bratton, Laura; Salloum, Rabih; Cao, Wenqing

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare, benign spindle cell neoplasm that was first described in the thoracic pleura. This tumor is now known to occur at many extrapleural sites. There are established criteria for the diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor including ≥4 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields, increased cellularity, cytologic atypia, infiltrative margins, and/or necrosis. Although all solitary fibrous tumors have the potential to recur or metastasize, those with malignant histologic features tend to behave more aggressively. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor, with malignant histologic features, in a 21-year-old woman which arose from the serosal surface of the sigmoid colon.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the submandibular gland.

    PubMed

    Hofmann, Thiemo; Braun, Hannes; Köle, Wolfgang; Beham, Alfred

    2002-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are generally benign, well-circumscribed soft-tissue tumors of mesenchymal origin. CD34 antigen expression is characteristic for this tumor. A rare subgroup shows malignant histological patterns with aggressive behavior. The common site of occurrence is the pleura, but various other sites, including the head and neck, have been described. We present a 56-year-old, white, female patient with a solitary fibrous tumor developing in the right submandibular salivary gland. The tumor was surgically removed, and no recurrence or metastases have occurred during the 43 months of follow-up. All solitary fibrous tumors reported in the salivary glands were benign. However, new cases should be presented and followed up carefully to monitor their biological behavior.

  16. Synchronous abdominal and thoracic solitary fibrous tumour: a case report.

    PubMed

    Maassarani, F; Leroy, C; Dekeuleneer, R

    2010-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT), described for the first time by Klemperer and Rabin in 1931, are uncommon mesenchymal tumours that have been known to mainly affect the pleura and mediastinum. More recently, solitary fibrous tumours affecting other anatomical sites are being increasingly reported. Clinically, these tumours are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally. Diagnosis is established at pathology by positive staining for CD34. Their prognosis depends on complete surgical resection and lack of histological signs of malignancy. We report here the case of a 63-year-old woman with double localisation of malignant solitary fibrous tumour who underwent complete removal of her lesions. To the best of our knowledge, this observation is the first description of a primary solitary fibrous tumour totally asymptomatic but already metastatic.

  17. Post-radiation epithelioid angiosarcoma of the urinary bladder and prostate

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Gang; Black, Peter C.; Skinnider, Brian F.; Hayes, Malcolm M.; Jones, Edward C.

    2016-01-01

    Angiosarcoma of the lower urinary tract is exceedingly rare. A minority of cases are associated with local radiotherapy. Epithelioid angiosarcoma is a variant of angiosarcoma composed of large rounded epithelioid endothelial cells that are positive for cytokeratin on immunostaining. There are only two cases of post-radiation epithelioid angiosarcoma reported in the urinary bladder, and none in the prostate gland. We report a case of epithelioid angiosarcoma involving the urinary bladder and prostate in a patient with a history of radiotherapy for prostatic adenocarcinoma. A brief review of literature regarding post-radiation epithelioid angiosarcomas in the lower urinary tract is discussed.

  18. [Postradial sialozoadenitis in patients with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland].

    PubMed

    Kovalenko, V A; Kopchak, A V; Kovalenko, A E

    2015-01-01

    The authors present the results of investigation of 42 patients with salivary gland dysfunction after radioactive iodine-131 ablation therapy concerning papillary thyroid carcinoma. Clinical manifestations of postradial sialodenitis with secretory insufficiency of different degree were revealed. These side effects required an application of the special therapy.

  19. Adipose veno-lymphatic transfer for management of post-radiation lymphedema

    SciTech Connect

    Pho, R.W.; Bayon, P.; Tan, L.

    1989-01-01

    In a patient who had post-radiation lymphedema after excision of liposarcoma, a method is described that is called adipose veno-lymphatic transfer. The technique involves transferring adipose tissue containing lymphatic vessels that surround the long saphenous vein, from the normal, healthy leg to the irradiated leg, with the creation of an arteriovenous fistula.

  20. Intraorbital metastasis from solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Patel, Mrinali M; Jakobiec, Frederick A; Zakka, Fouad R; Du, Rose; Annino, Donald J; Borboli-Gerogiannis, Sheila; Daniels, Anthony B

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell tumor of mesenchymal origin that usually arises from pleura or pericardium but can also arise from many extraserosal sites. Although more than 50 cases of primary SFT of the orbit have been reported, there are no reports to date of a malignant nonophthalmic SFT metastasizing in the orbital soft tissues (although sphenoid wing bony involvement has been reported). The authors report here the first case of a patient with intraorbital metastasis of a CD34-positive malignant SFT. The patient was a 57-year-old man with a history of malignant pleural SFT and a prior kidney metastasis. He presented with the rapid appearance of proptosis and massive conjunctival chemosis preventing eyelid closure, and he was found to have a well-circumscribed metastasis to his lateral rectus muscle. Surgical excision cured his ocular symptoms, although he died 3 months later from brain and widespread metastases.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Case report.

    PubMed

    Bozkurt, Suheyla Uyar; Ahiskali, Rengin; Kaya, Handan; Demir, Aslan; Ilker, Yalcin

    2007-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are rare spindle cell neoplasms usually arising in the pleura. They have, however, also been reported at extrapleural locations. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is rare. Despite its rarity, histological diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor is crucial to avoid misdiagnosis with other more aggressive tumors arising in the kidney. We report a solitary fibrous tumor of the left kidney that presented as a malignant tumor in a 51-year-old woman, and include clinical and radiographic findings. The tumor was well circumscribed and composed of spindle cells in a collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry showed reactivity for vimentin, CD 34, BCL-2 protein and CD99. Immunohistochemical stains for cytokeratin, S-100, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin and HMB-45 were negative. A diagnosis of SFT was made based on light microscopy and immunohistochemistry.

  2. A case report of an intracaval extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumour

    PubMed Central

    Tiong, HY; Wang, S; Madhavan, K

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours are infrequent neoplasms based in the pleura that are predominantly benign with malignant pathology and behaviour described in 10–36% of cases. Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumours (ESFTs) have been considered separately to their intrathoracic counterparts and comprise a third of all solitary fibrous tumours. The extrathoracic location was identified as an adverse prognostic factor for local recurrence but not for metastatic disease. So far, there have not been any reports of solitary fibrous tumours demonstrating caval infiltration. We present a case of a benign ESFT infiltrating into the perirenal inferior vena cava. Together with extrauterine leiomyomas, ESFTs should also be considered as a differential diagnosis for the rare benign lesions invading the inferior vena cava. PMID:23676804

  3. Is a Short-Interval Postradiation Mammogram Necessary After Conservative Surgery and Radiation in Breast Cancer?

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Kevin Eradat, Jilbert B.S.; Mehta, Niraj H.; Bent, Chris; Lee, Steve P.; Apple, Sophia K.; Bassett, Lawrence W.

    2008-11-15

    Purpose: To examine, in a retrospective study, whether the initial posttreatment mammogram offers any benefit to patients. Methods and Materials: Patients were selected who had radiation after breast-conservation therapy from 1995 through 2005 and had follow-up mammography at University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) within 1 year of completing radiotherapy. Results of the initial follow-up mammogram were analyzed to determine the yield of this initial mammogram. Results: Between 1995 and 2005, 408 patients treated with breast-conserving therapy and radiation had follow-up mammograms at UCLA within 1 year of completion of radiation. Median age at radiation completion was 56.9 years. Median interval between radiation and the initial mammogram was 3.1 months. Ten patients were found to have suspicious findings on the initial postradiation mammogram, prompting biopsy, but only 2 were found to have recurrent cancer. None of those lesions were palpable. In both cases the recurrences were ductal carcinoma in situ. Thus, the yield of the initial postoperative mammogram as compared with physical examination findings is estimated at 0.49 recurrences detected per 100 mammograms performed (95% confidence interval 0.059-1.759). Conclusions: The yield of the initial postradiation mammography at UCLA seems to be low, and only noninvasive carcinomas were found. Our data support the rationale to avoid the initial short-interval postradiation mammography and evaluate patients at 12 months.

  4. Mesothelioma - benign-fibrous

    MedlinePlus

    ... fibroma; Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura Images Respiratory system References Broaddus VC, Robinson BWS. Tumors of the pleura. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010: ...

  5. Gastric calcifying fibrous tumour

    PubMed Central

    Attila, Tan; Chen, Dean; Gardiner, Geoffrey W; Ptak, Theadore W; Marcon, Norman E

    2006-01-01

    Intramucosal gastric tumours are most commonly found to be gastrointestinal stromal tumours or leiomyomas (smooth muscle tumours); however, a variety of other uncommon mesenchymal tumours can occur in the stomach wall. A rare benign calcifying fibrous tumour is reported and the endoscopic appearance, ultrasound findings and morphology are documented. A review of the literature found only two similar cases. PMID:16858502

  6. Solitary fibrous tumor of the skin.

    PubMed

    Cowper, S E; Kilpatrick, T; Proper, S; Morgan, M B

    1999-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal tumor that typically arises in the pleural cavity. Comprised of spindled cells characteristically arranged in diverse architectural patterns, SFT histologically simulates a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors. The diagnosis of SFT has been refined by the availability of newer immunohistochemical markers such as CD-34 and factor XIIIa, facilitating the identification of SFTs arising in multiple extrapleural sites, including the skin. We describe three cases of primary cutaneous SFT, review the literature, and discuss the histologic and immunohistochemical differential of other cutaneous tumors that SFT can mimic.

  7. [Retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor: a case report].

    PubMed

    Nukui, Akinori; Ochi, Masanori; Suzuki, Kazumi; Yuzawa, Masayuki; Morita, Tatsuo

    2009-08-01

    A 63-year-old man with a retroperitoneal tumor found incidentally was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography showed a tumor ventrally adjacent to urinary bladder and prostate. Pathological examination of retroperitoneal tumor specimens obtained by percutaneous needle biopsy revealed hypercellularity of spindle cells positive for CD 34. Under the suspicion of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) or stromal tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP), we performed en bloc resection of tumor, urinary bladder and prostate because tumor was firmly fixed to urinary bladder and prostate. The final diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumor was SFT because pathological findings of the surgical specimen were the same as those of the biopsy specimens.

  8. [Extraconal solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit].

    PubMed

    von Lovenberg, E; Kedziora, O; Wolf, H K; Bankfalvi, A

    2013-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasms derived from specialized fibroblasts. This tumor was first described in the pleura and later in the whole body including the orbit. Although an SFT is generally a benign tumor malignant transformation and metastasization have also been observed in a few cases. Complete excision is the therapy of choice. Here we report on a 50-year-old male patient whose orbital SFT was removed by transconjunctival anterior orbitotomy and 1.5 years after the operation the patient is recurrence and complaint-free.

  9. Chondroblastoma of the acromion mimicking fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Gebert, Carsten; Hardes, Jendrik; Streitbürger, Arne; Vieth, Volker; Bürger, Horst; Winkelmann, Winfried; Gosheger, Georg

    2004-12-01

    The authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with an expansive osteolytic lesion in the right acromion, mimicking cystic fibrous dysplasia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lesion with intermediate-signal intensity on T1-weighted images and a high-signal intensity on fat suppressed T2-weighted images. The biopsy led to the diagnosis of chondroblastoma. This tumour is rare in flat bones, and may mimic other benign or malignant lesions. It is therefore essential to perform a biopsy in order to obtain a definite diagnosis. The acromion was excised, and replaced with an iliac crest graft. PMID:15669467

  10. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Sigmoid Colon Masquerading as an Adnexal Neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Bratton, Laura; Salloum, Rabih; Cao, Wenqing

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare, benign spindle cell neoplasm that was first described in the thoracic pleura. This tumor is now known to occur at many extrapleural sites. There are established criteria for the diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor including ≥4 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields, increased cellularity, cytologic atypia, infiltrative margins, and/or necrosis. Although all solitary fibrous tumors have the potential to recur or metastasize, those with malignant histologic features tend to behave more aggressively. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor, with malignant histologic features, in a 21-year-old woman which arose from the serosal surface of the sigmoid colon. PMID:27672467

  11. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Sigmoid Colon Masquerading as an Adnexal Neoplasm.

    PubMed

    Bratton, Laura; Salloum, Rabih; Cao, Wenqing; Huber, Aaron R

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare, benign spindle cell neoplasm that was first described in the thoracic pleura. This tumor is now known to occur at many extrapleural sites. There are established criteria for the diagnosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor including ≥4 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields, increased cellularity, cytologic atypia, infiltrative margins, and/or necrosis. Although all solitary fibrous tumors have the potential to recur or metastasize, those with malignant histologic features tend to behave more aggressively. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor, with malignant histologic features, in a 21-year-old woman which arose from the serosal surface of the sigmoid colon. PMID:27672467

  12. [About a case of calcifying fibrous tumor of the pleura].

    PubMed

    Rocas, Delphine; Thivolet-Béjui, Françoise; Tronc, François; Chalabreysse, Lara

    2015-12-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare soft tissue benign tumor (OMS 2002). Some pleural localisations are described, which affect slightly older individuals than the other soft tissue forms. The calcifying fibrous tumor is included in the 2004 World Health Organization classification of pleural tumors. A pleural tumor located in the right inferior pulmonary lobe is diagnosed in a 59-year-old man. This pleural tumor is macroscopically well-circumscribed. Histologically, the rare spindle tumoral cells are located between bundles of a collagenous tissue, sometimes hyalinized, with psammomatous or dystrophic calcifications. The tumoral cells have a fibrohistiocytic origin. They stain positively for antibodies against vimentin, factor XIIIa, CD68, CD163, CD34. Antibodies against smooth muscle actin, desmin, PS100, ALK1 and EBV are negative. Main differencial diagnoses are other benign pleural tumors (solitary fibrous tumor, inflammatory myofibroblastique tumor), some malignant tumors (desmoplastic malignant pleural mesothelioma) and pleural pseudotumors (calcified pleural plaques, chronic fibrous pleuritis, amylose, hyalinizing granuloma). Our case is the 15th pleural calcifying fibrous tumor being reported. PMID:26608111

  13. Recurrent solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura with malignant transformation and non-islet cell tumor-induced hypoglycemia due to paraneoplastic overexpression and secretion of high-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor II.

    PubMed

    Tominaga, Naoto; Kawarasaki, Chiaki; Kanemoto, Keiko; Yokochi, Akio; Sugino, Keishi; Hatanaka, Kazuhito; Uekusa, Toshimasa; Fukuda, Izumi; Aiba, Motohiko; Hizuka, Naomi; Uda, Susumu

    2012-01-01

    A 41-year-old man was diagnosed with a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura in the posterior mediastinum. Despite two surgeries for excision, the SFT recurred and progressed with direct invasion of the chest wall and bone metastases. He was hospitalized because of cerebral infarction and presented with recurrent severe hypoglycemia fourteen years later. High-molecular-weight (HMW) insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) was identified in the serum and tumor using Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. These findings suggested that the cause of the recurrent severe hypoglycemia was SFT production of HMW IGF-II, a mediator of non-islet cell tumor-induced hypoglycemia (NICTH).

  14. Synchronous solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura and lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Shun-Ichi; Nakamura, Yoshihiro; Sakasegawa, Koh-Ichi; Kariatsumari, Kota; Yotsumoto, Daisuke; Sakata, Ryuzo; Gezima, Kentaro

    2003-01-01

    We report herein on a 57-year-old woman with comorbid malignant solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura and adenocarcinoma of the lung. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient presenting with these two pathological entities simultaneously. The patient was treated successfully for both diseases via a one-stage operation through median sternotomy with good results. Although the incidence of multiple primary malignancy is rare, clinicians should be cautious not to discount the possibility of two coexisting primary malignancies.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the mediastinum.

    PubMed

    Weidner, N

    1991-01-01

    A 62-year-old woman presented with an asymptomatic anterior mediastinal mass. Clinically considered to be a thymoma, the tumor was solid, firm, and composed of hypocellular dense collagen and cytologically bland, spindled fibroblastlike cells growing in a patternless pattern. There was no apparent connection to pleura or pericardium, yet the clinicopathologic features clearly fit with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of mediastinum. SFTs occur most commonly in pleura but have been reported in other locations, including the mediastinum, where aggressive behavior has been more common when these tumors are compared to those occurring in pleura. Although it is difficult to predict behavior for all cases of SFT occurring in the mediastinum by cytologic features alone, morphologic criteria for benign and malignant forms have been described. Roughly half the malignant forms will progress, yet the single most important indicator of clinical outcome is whether the tumor can be initially totally excised.

  16. Subcutaneous solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Yuichi; Kubota, Yumiko; Yamaguchi, Takahiro; Iwasaki, Hiroshi; Nakayama, Juichiro

    2004-12-01

    We describe a unique case of subcutaneous solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in a 56-year-old female patient. The patient had been aware of a painless soft mass in her back for ten years. The lesion was surgically excised. Histological examination revealed that the well-defined mass was composed of a proliferation of spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells and polygonal cells embedded in a fibrous matrix corresponding to the so-called "patternless pattern". A prominent pericytomatous pattern (hemangiopericytoma-like structures), focal myxoid changes, and thick hyalinized collagen fibers were also observed. Immunohistochemical stainings for CD34 and bcl-2 were positive in the tumor cells. These features are compatible with SFT. We suggest that SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous spindle cell tumors.

  17. [Intrapulmonary Solitary Fibrous Tumor].

    PubMed

    Komori, Kazuyuki; Tabata, Toshiharu; Katsumata, Hiroshi; Minowa, Muneo; Fujimura, Shigefumi

    2015-08-01

    We report a case of intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor( SFT). A 34-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to an abnormal shadow on a chest roentgenogram without symptom. Computed tomography showed a circumscribed intrapulmonary tumor with mild uptake on fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography( PET) in the left lower lobe( S6). Frozen examination revealed a mesenchymal tumor. Based on the pathological and immunohistochemical findings, the tumor was diagnosed as intrapulmonary SFT.

  18. [Intrapulmonary Solitary Fibrous Tumor].

    PubMed

    Komori, Kazuyuki; Tabata, Toshiharu; Katsumata, Hiroshi; Minowa, Muneo; Fujimura, Shigefumi

    2015-08-01

    We report a case of intrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor( SFT). A 34-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to an abnormal shadow on a chest roentgenogram without symptom. Computed tomography showed a circumscribed intrapulmonary tumor with mild uptake on fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography( PET) in the left lower lobe( S6). Frozen examination revealed a mesenchymal tumor. Based on the pathological and immunohistochemical findings, the tumor was diagnosed as intrapulmonary SFT. PMID:26329708

  19. Efficacy of needle biopsy in postradiation thyroid disease

    SciTech Connect

    Rosen, I.B.; Palmer, J.A.; Bain, J.; Strawbridge, H.; Walfish, P.G.

    1983-12-01

    Retrospective review was carried out of 124 patients with nodular disease of the thyroid gland and a history of radiation exposure who had undergone needle aspiration biopsy. Latency period from time of radiation varied from 2 to 50 years; but in 92 patients it exceeded 2 decades. Our patient group included those with occupational exposure and a past history of radiation for cancer. Incidence of cancer in the entire group was 49% but, for solitary lesions, this was increased to 56%, while only a 30% incidence of cancer was found in cases of multinodular goiters. Accuracy of needle aspiration biopsy overall was 74%: for the group with cancer--90%, for the group with adenomas--65%, and for the group with ''benign'' tumors--83%. Further assessment of needle technique indicated a sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 90%, positive predictive value of 90%, and negative predictive value of 83% to 65%. The accuracy could be increased to 84% if all adenomas were considered as possible malignancies. Eighteen percent of our patients had second tumors in the head and neck or breast area. Near-total thyroidectomy was considered to be the preferred procedure without accidental nerve injury and was done in one case of hypoparathyroidism after excision of an extensive tracheal invasive cancer. No evidence of death, recurrence, or metastasis as a result of thyroid cancer has been noted. While needle biopsy is indispensable to intelligent management, the history of radiation to the head and neck area must be preeminent in the selection of patients for surgical treatment. Conservative management appears to be reasonable in those patients with ''benign'' cytology, a less than 1 cm nodule, multinodularity, a functioning thyroid scan result, but persistence in the face of a lack of response to conservative management does not appear to be warranted.

  20. Effect of temperature on post-radiation survival of Artemia salina

    SciTech Connect

    Radchenko, L.A.

    1984-01-01

    The postradiative survival rate was studied in one-day Artemia nauplii ..gamma..-irradiation in doses equal to 2.5; 5; 7.5; 10 Gy at medium temperatures of 15, 22, 25, 27/sup 0/C, respectively. A relationship is established between the irradiation effect (stimulation or inhibition) and temperature of the medium. The analysis of Artemia survival rate for stages of development shows that age contributes to the Artemia survival rate, relative to control, dependences on temperature (direct) and on the irradiation dose (inverse). 2 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

  1. [Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of representatives of the enterobacteriaceae family in postradiation intestinal dysbacteriosis].

    PubMed

    Pinegin, B V; Korshunov, V M; Ikonnikova, T B; Kissina, E V

    1980-08-01

    The irradiation of CBA mice with gamma quanta in a dose of 700 C/kg resulted in the development of postradiation intestinal dysbacteriosis in the animals. The dysbacteriosis was characterized by a considerable increase in the number of Escherichia and Proteus mirabilis in the large intestine and by the insemination of the small intestine with these microbial associations. Pr. vulgaris, Pr. morganii, Ent. aerogenes, Ent. cloacae, Citrobacter appeared in great numbers in the intestinal tract of the irradiated mice, while none of these organisms were found in the intact mice.

  2. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Ricalde, Pat; Magliocca, Kelly R; Lee, Janice S

    2012-08-01

    Despite recent advances in the understanding of the natural history and molecular abnormalities, many questions remain surrounding the progression and management of fibrous dysplasia (FD). In the absence of comorbidities, the expected behavior of craniofacial FD (CFD) is to be slow growing and without functional consequence. Understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms contributing to the various phenotypes of this condition, as well as the predictors of the different behaviors of FD lesions, must be improved. Long-term follow-up of patients with CFD is vital because spontaneous recovery is unlikely, and the course of disease can be unpredictable. PMID:22771278

  3. Intramasseteric solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Dogan, Ersoy; Erdag, Taner Kemal; Ikiz, Ahmet Omer; Guneri, Ataman; Sarioglu, Sulen

    2013-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. SFTs occurring within the head and neck region are uncommon. Recently, it has been described in various head and neck sites such as oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, salivary glands, thyroid, buccal space, and larynx. Here, we report a case of SFT originating in the masseter muscle of a 27-year-old woman. To our knowledge, this is the first description of a SFT of the head and neck region, arising within the masseter muscle. We present the clinical history, radiologic and histopathologic findings as well as immunoreactivity of this tumor.

  4. Solitary fibrous tumors: loss of chimeric protein expression and genomic instability mark dedifferentiation.

    PubMed

    Dagrada, Gian P; Spagnuolo, Rosalin D; Mauro, Valentina; Tamborini, Elena; Cesana, Luca; Gronchi, Alessandro; Stacchiotti, Silvia; Pierotti, Marco A; Negri, Tiziana; Pilotti, Silvana

    2015-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors, which are characterized by their broad morphological spectrum and unpredictable behavior, are rare mesenchymal neoplasias that are currently divided into three main variants that have the NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion as their unifying molecular lesion: usual, malignant and dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumors. The aims of this study were to validate molecular and immunohistochemical/biochemical approaches to diagnose the range of solitary fibrous tumors by focusing on the dedifferentiated variant, and to reveal the genetic events associated with dedifferentiation by integrating the findings of array comparative genomic hybridization. We studied 29 usual, malignant and dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumors from 24 patients (including paired samples from five patients whose tumors progressed to the dedifferentiated form) by means of STAT6 immunohistochemistry and (when frozen material was available) reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and biochemistry. In addition, the array comparative genomic hybridization findings were used to profile 12 tumors from nine patients. The NAB2/STAT6 fusion was detected in all of the tumors, but immunohistochemistry and western blotting indicated that chimeric protein expression was atypical or absent in 9 out of 11 dedifferentiated tumors. The comparative genomic hybridization results revealed that the usual and malignant solitary fibrous tumors had a simple profile, whereas the genome of the dedifferentiated tumors was complex and unstable, and suggested that 13q and 17p deletions and TP53 mutations may be present in malignant lesions before the full expression of a dedifferentiated phenotype. Solitary fibrous tumor dedifferentiation is associated with the loss of chimeric oncoprotein expression, genomic instability, and cell decommitment and reprogramming. The assessment of dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumors is based on the presence of the fusion transcripts and, in principle, negative

  5. Giant localized fibrous tumours of the pleura: report of three subsequent cases.

    PubMed

    Breda, Cristiano; Zuin, Andrea; Marulli, Giuseppe; Galligioni, Alessandra; Rea, Federico

    2006-05-01

    Localized fibrous tumours of the pleura (LFTP) represent clinical entities rarely encountered, especially in giant forms. We report of three cases of giant localized fibrous tumours of the pleura found last year in a short time. The patients underwent surgery by thoracotomy. All tumours arose from visceral pleura and were radically excised by a wedge resection of the lung. The patients discharged from the hospital after a short postoperative period without complications. Two of three giant localized fibrous tumours were classified as benign forms; in one case a malignant characteristic was found. PMID:16580088

  6. Laryngeal solitary fibrous tumour.

    PubMed

    Stomeo, Francesco; Padovani, Davide; Bozzo, Corrado; Pastore, Antonio

    2007-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are rare neoplasms, with an uncommon laryngeal involvement. Only five cases of laryngeal localization have been described in literature. The following is a case of a 75-year-old man with a supraglottic neoplasm of the larynx; after the biopsy immunohistochemical study demonstrated a strong positivity for vimentin, CD34 and Bcl-2. The neoplasm was consequently classified as a SFT. CO(2) laser surgery of the supraglottic larynx, with a wide excision of the neoplasm, was performed. Twenty-four months on, the patient is alive, well and free of disease. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for laryngeal SFT, but tumour-free resection margins must be achieved to prevent the possibility of local recurrence. Endoscopic resection by means of the CO(2) laser must be accurately planned with MRI or CT imaging to confirm of this kind of surgery.

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Cem; Kabatas, Serdar; Ozen, Ozlem Isiksacan; Gulsen, Salih; Caner, Hakan; Altinors, Nur

    2009-12-01

    Intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are typically dural based, CD34-positive neoplasms of mesenchymal origin. Since they were first described in 1996 at the meninges, fewer than 100 SFT had been reported in both cranial and spinal compartments of the central nervous system. SFT can resemble other spindle cell tumors both radiologically and histopathologically, and differentiation can be best achieved through viewing their ultrastructure and using immunohistochemical techniques. In this report, we present four patients with SFT. Upon diagnosing two patients with SFT located in the cerebellopontine angle and parasagittal areas, we reviewed our pathological files and found two more patients; one having a parasagittal tumor and the other having a convexity tumor, that had been diagnosed with hemangiopericytoma. These tumours proved to be SFT after an immunohistochemical re-examination.

  8. Solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Bruzzone, Andrea; Varaldo, Marco; Ferrarazzo, Claudia; Tunesi, Gianni; Mencoboni, Manlio

    2010-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm which may be found everywhere in the body. It is now distinguished into two forms, pleural and extrapleural, which morphologically resemble each other. Abdominal localizations are quite rare, with 10 cases only reported in bladder; rarely they can be source of paraneoplastic syndromes (i.e., hypoglycemia secondary to insulin-like growth factor). In April 2006 a 74-year-old white male presented with chills, diaphoresis and acute abdominal pain with hematuria. At admission in emergency he underwent an abdominal Xray (no pathological findings) and an ultrasound examination of the kidneys and urinary tract, which revealed a pelvic hyperechogenic neoformation measuring approximately 10×8×7 cm, compressing the bladder. Blood chemistry at admission revealed only a mild neutrophilic leucocytosis (WBC 16600, N 80%, L 11%), elevated fibrinogen and ESR, and hypoglycemia (38 mg/dL). Macro scopic hematuria was evident, while urinocolture was negative. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and pelvic region revealed a large round neoformation dislocating the bladder, with an evident contrast-enhanced periphery and a central necrotic area. Continuous infusion of glucose 5% solution was necessary in order to maintain blood glucose levels above 50 mg/dL. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of an ovoidal mass coated by adipose tissue, with well delimited margins; histological findings were consistent with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Hypoglycemia resolved completely with removal of the growth. In this case report we describe a SFT growing in the bladder, a quite rare localization, which presented a unique hypoglycemia. In contrast to the majority of cases reported in the literature, the behavior of this SFT was not aggressive, and, since the patient is still alive, surgical resection was considered conclusive.

  9. Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Orbit.

    PubMed

    Tenekeci, Goktekin; Sari, Alper; Vayisoglu, Yusuf; Serin, Onur

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been reported in various locations in the body. Solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare tumors, especially when located in the orbit. Diagnosis of SFT cannot be made based on histopathology only because it exhibits a variable microscopic appearance, and necessitates immunohistochemistry to confirm the diagnosis. A 51-year-old man was admitted to our clinic for the evaluation of a mass bulging in his left eye. Clinical examination revealed a painless mass extruding out of the orbital cavity with dimensions of 8 × 7  cm. Exenteration of the left eye including the upper and lower eyelid and reconstruction of the orbital cavity using a temporoparietal fascia flap and a temporal muscle flap was performed. SFT of orbital region is known as a slow growing and painless tumor. Based on previous studies, increased mitotic rate of the tumor gives the impression that the tumor has a malignant nature. Until now a small number or orbital SFTs were reported and none of them presented with a giant mass protruding out of the orbital cavity. We present a unique case of orbital SFT filling the whole orbital cavity and protruding outward as a giant mass. This case has been reported to expand our knowledge in this debated entity. PMID:26102546

  10. Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of Orbit.

    PubMed

    Tenekeci, Goktekin; Sari, Alper; Vayisoglu, Yusuf; Serin, Onur

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been reported in various locations in the body. Solitary fibrous tumors are extremely rare tumors, especially when located in the orbit. Diagnosis of SFT cannot be made based on histopathology only because it exhibits a variable microscopic appearance, and necessitates immunohistochemistry to confirm the diagnosis. A 51-year-old man was admitted to our clinic for the evaluation of a mass bulging in his left eye. Clinical examination revealed a painless mass extruding out of the orbital cavity with dimensions of 8 × 7  cm. Exenteration of the left eye including the upper and lower eyelid and reconstruction of the orbital cavity using a temporoparietal fascia flap and a temporal muscle flap was performed. SFT of orbital region is known as a slow growing and painless tumor. Based on previous studies, increased mitotic rate of the tumor gives the impression that the tumor has a malignant nature. Until now a small number or orbital SFTs were reported and none of them presented with a giant mass protruding out of the orbital cavity. We present a unique case of orbital SFT filling the whole orbital cavity and protruding outward as a giant mass. This case has been reported to expand our knowledge in this debated entity.

  11. Computed tomography of fibrous dysplasia

    SciTech Connect

    Daffner, R.H.; Kirks, D.R.; Gehweiler, J.A. Jr.; Heaston, D.K.

    1982-11-01

    Skeletal fibrous dysplasia produces changes that are usually readily recognized on plain radiographs. Occasionally, routine radiography may not demonstrate the characteristic appearance of the disease. The density of abormal bone in craniofacial fibrous dysplasia may preclude adequate assessment of areas where soft-tissue impingement may occur. Computed tomography (CT) is useful in demonstrating the amorphous ''ground-glass'' texture of the lesion and in defining the extent of craniofacial disease including impingement upon orbital structures. CT was useful in five patients with fibrous dysplasia in whom the nature or extent of involvement was not entirely clear.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumor of the mediastinum.

    PubMed

    Suehisa, Hiroshi; Yamashita, Motohiro; Komori, Eisaku; Sawada, Shigeki; Teramoto, Norihiro

    2010-04-01

    An 18-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of a right anterior mediastinal tumor that measured 6 cm in diameter. Computed tomography-guided transcutaneous aspiration biopsy was performed, but no definitive diagnosis could be obtained. Because the tumor did not appear to be a high-grade malignant tumor, we undertook resection of the tumor to obtain a definitive diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment. Total thymectomy with tumor resection was performed through a median sternotomy. The tumor was solid, measuring 5.2 x 4.2 x 3.5 cm. The histological diagnosis was solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising from the mediastinum. Most extrathoracic SFTs appear to pursue a benign course, although careful long-term follow-up of these patients is necessary because the tumors have been reported to recur or metastasize in some cases.

  13. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver].

    PubMed

    Lehmann, C; Mourra, N; Tubiana, J-M; Arrivé, L

    2006-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is commonly found on serosal surfaces, and is rarely localized in the liver. There are benign and malignant variants of hepatic SFT. We report a new case of benign SFT. Our patient, a 63-year old woman, who has been followed for 5 years for an asymptomatic liver mass, was admitted for abdominal pain. Ultrasonography (US), CT, MR Imaging and angiography showed the liver mass with typical imaging features, situated in the right hepatic lobe with blood supply from the hepatic artery. Histopathological examination demonstrated a highly vascularized tumor, composed of short spindle cells alternating with hypocellular collagenous regions, with a hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern. The immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD 34. Tumor resection was performed. Follow-up 8 years after the resection showed no tumor recurrence or metastasis, thus confirming the initial diagnosis of benign SFT.

  14. Case of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Shinichi; Tochigi, Tatsuo; Kawamura, Sadafumi; Aoki, Hiroshi; Tateno, Hiroo; Kuwahara, Masaaki

    2007-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the retroperitoneal space is rare. We report a case of retroperitoneal tumor, diagnosed as SFT. A 69-year-old woman presented with right lower abdominal swelling, and was referred to our hospital with suspicion of right renal tumor. Abdominal ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) showed a mass (about 15 x 14 x 10 cm) in the right abdomen. The tumor was thought to be right renal rumor, and right radical nephrectomy was performed. In the excised specimen the tumor was not connected to gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, or right kidney. The histological and immunohistochemical examination of the specimen revealed SFT. The tumor has malignant potential with partially increased mitotic activity and cellularity in the histological examination. The patient is healthy and without evidence of recurrence or metastasis 26 months from surgery.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas.

    PubMed

    Baxter, Andrew R; Newman, Elliot; Hajdu, Cristina H

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic origin. Most commonly they affect the pleura but they been described in other viscera. SFT of the pancreas is extremely rare, and only eight cases have been reported to date. We perform a literature review and report a ninth case. The patient is a 54-year-old African-American female who presented with several months of abdominal pain. Abdominal radiography demonstrated a lesion in the head of the pancreas, and she underwent a Whipple operation. Pathology demonstrated SFT of the pancreas. She is alive and well 1 year post-operatively. SFT of the pancreas predominately affects middle-aged women. These tumors are difficult to distinguish radiologically from neuroendocrine tumors. While SFT of the pancreas tend to have an indolent course, there is the potential for malignancy. We recommend complete surgical excision.

  16. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas.

    PubMed

    Baxter, Andrew R; Newman, Elliot; Hajdu, Cristina H

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic origin. Most commonly they affect the pleura but they been described in other viscera. SFT of the pancreas is extremely rare, and only eight cases have been reported to date. We perform a literature review and report a ninth case. The patient is a 54-year-old African-American female who presented with several months of abdominal pain. Abdominal radiography demonstrated a lesion in the head of the pancreas, and she underwent a Whipple operation. Pathology demonstrated SFT of the pancreas. She is alive and well 1 year post-operatively. SFT of the pancreas predominately affects middle-aged women. These tumors are difficult to distinguish radiologically from neuroendocrine tumors. While SFT of the pancreas tend to have an indolent course, there is the potential for malignancy. We recommend complete surgical excision. PMID:26628714

  17. Calcifying Fibrous Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Chorti, Angeliki; Papavramidis, Theodossis S.; Michalopoulos, Antonios

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) is a benign lesion characterized by its specific histological findings and is found as solitary or multiple lesions in several locations of the human body. The aim of the present systematic review is to give a detailed account of all reported cases of CFT in the literature and to analyze the available data, to completely characterize the entity from epidemiological, medical, and surgical aspects. A bibliographic research was performed from 1988 until 2015. A database with the patients’ characteristics was made, including sex, age, location of the tumor, symptoms, symptoms duration, size of the tumor, diagnostic methods, treatment, metastasis, and follow-up. A total of 104 articles were identified, reporting 157 cases of CFT. Mean age of patients was 33.58 years and the ratio between men and women was 1:1.27. The most common locations of CFT were stomach (18%), small intestine (8.7%), pleura (9.9%), mesentery (5%), and peritoneum (6.8%). Mean diameter of the tumor was estimated 4.6 cm. The correlations proceeded showed that as age increases, size decreases (P = 0.001) and that the tumor is larger in females (P = 0.027). Kruskal-Wallis test showed that the larger tumors appear in the neck and adrenal gland (P = 0.001). The percentage of asymptomatic patients was 30.57%. Computed tomography and biopsy were the most common tests for the diagnosis of CFT. Open surgical procedure was performed in the majority of cases. The median hospitalization was 6.06 days and the mean follow-up period was 29.97 months. Recurrences were mentioned in 10 of 96 patients with available data. No deaths owing to CFT were mentioned in the literature. CFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of enlarging mass revealed by clinical or imaging examination either incidentally or after specific acute or chronic symptomatology. PMID:27196478

  18. [A case of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor].

    PubMed

    Anchi, Takashi; Tamura, Kenji; Inoue, Keiji; Fukata, Satoshi; Nishikawa, Hiroshi; Moriki, Toshiaki; Shuin, Taro

    2009-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a common neoplasm of the pleura and rarely arises from the retroperitoneal space. We report a case of retroperitoneal SFT. A 54-year-old woman was admitted to the department of dermatology in our hospital for examination and treatment of malignant melanoma of the right lower leg. Computerized tomography (CT) showed the left adrenal mass measuring 6.0 x 4.5 x 10 cm. Because the tumor was thought to be left adrenal tumor or left adrenal metastasis of the malignant melanoma, she admitted to our department. Left radical adrenalectomy was performed. The histological examination of the specimen revealed that the spindle or oval cells proliferated patternless with hyalinized collagen cells and there were few mitotic figures. The tumor was not connected to the adrenal gland. The immunohistochemical examination showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD34, bcl-2 and vimentin. According to these findings, we diagnosed SFT arising from the retroperitoneum. At 5 years follow up she had no evidence of local recurrence and no distant metastasis.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura: clinicopathological and immunohistochemical examination.

    PubMed

    Hiraoka, Kei; Morikawa, Toshiaki; Ohbuchi, Toshiro; Katoh, Hiroyuki

    2003-03-01

    The purpose of this work was to study clinical and biological characteristics of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura. We reviewed the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of 12 patients who underwent surgical resection for SFT. Ten cases were histologically defined as benign; two were found to be malignant. CD34 negativity and strong expression of p53 could be observed in a patient with fatal outcome. Ki-67 expression was increased in malignant cases, as compared with benign. We also found that Bcl-2 expression inversely correlated with a tumor diameter. As the development of malignant SFT might be associated with these molecular statuses, immunohistochemical staining should be performed in all cases to identify the biological characteristics of the tumor.

  20. Pedunculated hemangiopericytoma-like tumor: peculiar fibroepithelial polyp or fibrous histiocytoma variant.

    PubMed

    Brown, Jameel Ahmad; Morgan, Michael B

    2008-08-01

    Pathologists are continually challenged with the difficult task of discriminating between innocuous disease processes and potentially malignant entities. Apropos of this concern, we present a series of three cutaneous polypoid lesions that simulated fibroepithelial polyp, yet upon close scrutiny yielded histologic features of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) or hemangiopericytoma. These pedunculated lesions showed a storiform pattern of spindled cells with interspersed gaping vascular channels reminiscent of SFT or hemangiopericytoma. Interestingly, the immunohistochemical staining profile of these lesions was negative for CD34 and positive for bcl-2 and factor XIIIa. These findings were discordant with SFT and suggest a relationship with fibrous histiocytoma. We propose that this entity represents a hitherto described variant of fibrous histiocytoma known as pedunculated hemangiopericytoma-like fibrous histiocytoma.

  1. Clinical guidelines for the management of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Lee, J S; FitzGibbon, E J; Chen, Y R; Kim, H J; Lustig, L R; Akintoye, S O; Collins, M T; Kaban, L B

    2012-05-24

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a non-malignant condition caused by post-zygotic, activating mutations of the GNAS gene that results in inhibition of the differentiation and proliferation of bone-forming stromal cells and leads to the replacement of normal bone and marrow by fibrous tissue and woven bone. The phenotype is variable and may be isolated to a single skeletal site or multiple sites and sometimes is associated with extraskeletal manifestations in the skin and/or endocrine organs (McCune-Albright syndrome). The clinical behavior and progression of FD may also vary, thereby making the management of this condition difficult with few established clinical guidelines. This paper provides a clinically-focused comprehensive description of craniofacial FD, its natural progression, the components of the diagnostic evaluation and the multi-disciplinary management, and considerations for future research. PMID:22640797

  2. [Solitary fibrous tumor and haemangiopericytoma: what is new?].

    PubMed

    Knösel, T; Schulz, B; Katenkamp, K; Katenkamp, D; Petersen, I

    2010-03-01

    Soft-tissue tumors with haemangiopericytoma (HPC)-like growth patterns can now be divided into three categories: (1) The solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) group with its variants; (2) lesions showing clear evidence of myoid/pericytic differentiation and corresponding to "true" HPCs (myopericytoma/glomangiopericytoma and a subset of sinonasal HPCs); (3) neoplasms that occasionally display HPC-like features (e.g. synovial sarcoma). In this study 268 intrathoracic and extrathoracic SFTs from the German consultation and reference center of soft tissue tumors in Jena were evaluated and analyzed immunohistochemically with antibodies CD34, Bcl-2, CD99, SMA, S100, PanCK and Ki-67. Furthermore, SFTs were categorized into the newly proposed SFT designation: Fibrous variant, cellular variant (more than 90% hypercellularity), fat-forming variant, giant cell-rich variant and malignant SFTs. This article should provide insights into the diagnosis of this entity with emphasis on the new international standard.

  3. Solitary fibrous tumor of the greater omentum mimicking an ovarian tumor in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez Tarrega, Elisabet; Hidalgo Mora, Juan Jose; Paya Amate, Vicente; Vega Oomen, Olivia

    2016-08-01

    We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of greater omentum in a young woman. SFT arising from the greater omentum can mimic a gynecologic neoplasm. SFTs are generally benign but some of them are malignant and have uncertain prognosis. An adequate follow-up is essential in these patients.

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor of the greater omentum mimicking an ovarian tumor in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez Tarrega, Elisabet; Hidalgo Mora, Juan Jose; Paya Amate, Vicente; Vega Oomen, Olivia

    2016-08-01

    We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of greater omentum in a young woman. SFT arising from the greater omentum can mimic a gynecologic neoplasm. SFTs are generally benign but some of them are malignant and have uncertain prognosis. An adequate follow-up is essential in these patients. PMID:27354994

  5. Role of Early Postradiation Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scans in Children With Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

    SciTech Connect

    Ko, Christine; Kaushal, Aradhana; Hammoud, Dima A.; Steffen-Smith, Emilie A.; Bent, Robyn; Citrin, Deborah; Camphausen, Kevin; Warren, Katherine E.

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To determine optimal timing of assessing postradiation radiographic response on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in pediatric patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Methods and Materials: Patients were treated on a prospective study at the National Cancer Institute (Protocol no. 06-C-0219) evaluating the effects of radiotherapy (RT). Standard RT was administered in standard fractionation over 6 weeks. Postradiation MRI scans were performed at 2 and 6-8 weeks. Results: Eleven patients with DIPG were evaluated. Median age was 6 years (range, 4-13 years). Patients were treated with external-beam RT to 55.8 Gy (n = 10) or 54 Gy (n = 1), with a gross tumor volume to planning target volume expansion of 1.8-2.0 cm. All patients received prescribed dose and underwent posttreatment MRI scans at 2 and 6-8 weeks. Pretreatment imaging revealed compression of fourth ventricle (n = 11); basilar artery encasement (n = 9); tumor extension outside the pons (n = 11); and tumor hemorrhage (n = 2). At the 2-week scan, basilar artery encasement improved in 7 of 9 patients, and extent of tumor was reduced in 5 of 11 patients. Fourth ventricle compression improved in 6 of 11 patients but worsened in 3 of 11 patients. Presumed necrosis was observed in 5 of 11 patients at 2 weeks and in 1 additional patient at 6-8 weeks. There was no significant difference in mean anteroposterior and transverse diameters of tumor between the 2- and 6-8-week time points. Six of 11 patients had increasing ventricular size, with no evidence of obstruction. Conclusions: There is no significant difference in tumor size of DIPG patients who have received standard RT when measured at 2 weeks vs. 6-8 weeks after RT. The majority of patients had the largest change in tumor size at the 2-week post-RT scan, with evolving changes documented on the 6-8-week scan. Six of 11 patients had progressive ventriculomegaly without obstruction, suggestive of communicating hydrocephalus. To the best

  6. Treatment Option Overview (Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone)

    MedlinePlus

    ... tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) : A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves , ... the body. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI). A biopsy is done to diagnose osteosarcoma. ...

  7. Solitary Fibrous Tumour of the Clavicle: A Rare Case Report.

    PubMed

    Srinivas, Dileep Krishnamoorty; Ballal, Arjun; Pai, Mukta; Subbiah, Kushalappa; Rai, H Ravindranath

    2016-06-01

    A Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) is the preferred term by most of the pathologists than "haemangiopericytoma". SFT is a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant neoplasms along a morphologic continuum. Here we report a case of SFT of the clavicle in a 26-year-old male patient, who presented to us with complaints of pain and swelling over the dominant shoulder. No signs of metastasis were noted clinically and radiologically. He underwent surgical resection of swelling. At 6 months after resection and after 22 cycles of radiotherapy, he was noted to have excellent prognosis with satisfactory shoulder function.

  8. Metastatic melanoma mimicking solitary fibrous tumor: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Bekers, Elise M; van Engen-van Grunsven, Adriana C H; Groenen, Patricia J T A; Westdorp, Harm; Koornstra, Rutger H T; Bonenkamp, Johannes J; Flucke, Uta; Blokx, Willeke A M

    2014-02-01

    Malignant melanomas are known for their remarkable morphological variation and aberrant immunophenotype with loss of lineage-specific markers, especially in recurrences and metastases. Hot spot mutations in BRAF, NRAS, GNAQ, and GNA11 and mutations in KIT are oncogenic events in melanomas. Therefore, genotyping can be a useful ancillary diagnostic tool. We present one case each of recurrent and metastatic melanoma, both showing histological and immunohistochemical features of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Mutational analysis detected BRAF and NRAS mutations in the primary and secondary lesions, respectively. This result confirmed the diagnosis of recurrent/metastastic melanoma.

  9. Solitary Fibrous Tumour of the Clavicle: A Rare Case Report.

    PubMed

    Srinivas, Dileep Krishnamoorty; Ballal, Arjun; Pai, Mukta; Subbiah, Kushalappa; Rai, H Ravindranath

    2016-06-01

    A Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) is the preferred term by most of the pathologists than "haemangiopericytoma". SFT is a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant neoplasms along a morphologic continuum. Here we report a case of SFT of the clavicle in a 26-year-old male patient, who presented to us with complaints of pain and swelling over the dominant shoulder. No signs of metastasis were noted clinically and radiologically. He underwent surgical resection of swelling. At 6 months after resection and after 22 cycles of radiotherapy, he was noted to have excellent prognosis with satisfactory shoulder function. PMID:27504363

  10. Solitary Fibrous Tumour of the Clavicle: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Srinivas, Dileep Krishnamoorty; Pai, Mukta; Subbiah, Kushalappa; Rai, H. Ravindranath

    2016-01-01

    A Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) is the preferred term by most of the pathologists than “haemangiopericytoma”. SFT is a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant neoplasms along a morphologic continuum. Here we report a case of SFT of the clavicle in a 26-year-old male patient, who presented to us with complaints of pain and swelling over the dominant shoulder. No signs of metastasis were noted clinically and radiologically. He underwent surgical resection of swelling. At 6 months after resection and after 22 cycles of radiotherapy, he was noted to have excellent prognosis with satisfactory shoulder function. PMID:27504363

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit--two cases and a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Romer, M; Bode, B; Schuknecht, B; Schmid, S; Holzmann, D

    2005-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the orbit (SFT) are mesenchymal lesions that can develop either as malignant or benign neoplasias. We describe the histological features leading to the diagnosis in two females and review the current literature. Diagnosis of SFT only can be performed by histological examination, since clinical signs and radiological features are not specific enough. Even a malignant or benign course cannot be predicted, since clinical and radiological features do not correlate with histological signs of malignancy and vice versa. Radical resection is the treatment of choice, since no other treatment option has been proven to be efficient.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumour of the kidney with sarcomatous overgrowth. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Magro, Gaetano; Emmanuele, Carmela; Lopes, Maria; Vallone, Giuseppe; Greco, Paolo

    2008-11-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) rarely occurs in the kidney, with only one case exhibiting malignant behaviour. We report the case of a typical SFT of the kidney with sarcomatous overgrowth in a 34-year-old woman. This malignant component, grossly apparent as a nodular area arising in the context of the main tumour mass, consisted of CD34+ mitotically active atypical plump spindle- to epithelioid-shaped cells, including pleomorphic multinucleated giant cells. A novel immunohistochemical finding was diffuse and strong S-100 protein expression by sarcomatous cells. This should be kept in mind by pathologists to avoid confusion with other S-100 protein-positive malignant neoplasms.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver.

    PubMed

    Vennarecci, Giovanni; Ettorre, Giuseppe Maria; Giovannelli, Luca; Del Nonno, Franca; Perracchio, Letizia; Visca, Paolo; Corazza, Valerio; Vidiri, Antonello; Visco, Giuseppe; Santoro, Eugenio

    2005-01-01

    We report a new case of benign solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver. A 65-year-old man presented to our unit with upper right abdominal discomfort. On examination abdominal distension was present and palpation showed a large firm mass in the right hypochondrium and epigastrium. The patient's past medical history was not significant and laboratory tests were normal. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a large tumor, 20 cm in diameter, in the right lobe of the liver. An extended right hepatectomy was performed. The tumor measured 30 x 28 x 14 cm and weighed 4725 g. Microscopic evaluation showed a benign SFT of the liver with tumor cells typically positive for vimentin and CD34. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient is alive 30 months after surgery. This is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin that occasionally involves the liver in adult patients. Most SFTs are benign, but some may have malignant histological features and recur locally or metastasize. Because of their rarity, overall experience has not been significant and little has been published concerning this tumor, Including the present one, 28 cases have been reported in the English literature. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment. Little can be said about the benefits of adjuvant radiochemotherapy in these patients. As SFT of the liver is often a benign neoplasm, chemotherapy or radiotherapy should not be necessary, and should be reserved for when resection is incomplete and/or histological examination reveals features of malignancy. Surgeons must be aware of SFT of the liver, and this neoplasm should be included in the differential diagnosis of a single large hepatic mass.

  14. Metastatic solitary fibrous tumor of the meninges. Case report.

    PubMed

    Ng, H K; Choi, P C; Wong, C W; To, K F; Poon, W S

    2000-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a unique tumor composed of interstitial dendritic cells that was first described in the thorax and subsequently reported in diverse organs. Extrathoracic SFTs are predominantly benign but rare malignant cases have been documented. In the nervous system, SFT has been described as a meningeal lesion although all 14 previously reported cases were benign. The authors report the first case of a meningeal SFT occurring in a 55-year-old woman. The tumor first presented as a meningeal lesion that after three recurrences over a 10-year period metastasized to the soft tissues and lungs. The potentially malignant nature of cranial SFTs, especially those with atypical histological features and high mitotic counts, should be recognized.

  15. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis: a rare extrathoracic manifestation].

    PubMed

    Gessmann, J; Seybold, D; Helwing, M; Muhr, G; Schildhauer, T A

    2009-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasms. To date only very few cases of pelvic SFT have been reported in the literature. SFT are characterized by unique microscopic and immunohistochemical findings. Complete local resection is the treatment of choice. Recurrence and metastasis may be related to infrequent malignant histological features, but histology is not always a reliable predictor for prognosis. Therefore long-term follow-up is necessary.We report about a male patient with a malignant pelvic SFT. After complete resection the tumor recurred after a short period of 6 months posterior to the original location in the pelvis. The differential diagnoses and the therapy options are discussed with a review of the present literature.

  16. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the epicardium].

    PubMed

    Flemming, P; Maschek, H; Werner, M; Kreft, A; Graeter, T; Georgii, A

    1996-03-01

    A giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT) arising in the pericardium is described. A 53 year old woman was suspected to have a lung tumor and thoracotomy was performed. Intraoperatively the child-head sized mass was found to be localized in the pericardial sac. The histopathological interpretation of a small wedge-biopsy was 'endothelioma of uncertain malignancy' and heart-transplantation was performed two months later. The patient died of postoperative infection. Post mortem examination could exclude tumor rest or metastasis. The explanted heart revealed a large bulk of 2800 grams arising from the epicardium of the left chamber and enveloping the heart without invading the underlying myocardium. The histopathological pattern varied between cell-rich and -poor fibromatous areas and well capillarized endothelioma-like zones. Immunohistochemistry revealed positive reactions with monoclonal antibodies against Vimentin and CD 34 and no reactions against Cytokeratins and Faktor VIII. This pattern was confirmed in 7 SFT's of the pleura from our archives. A second control group of 7 mesotheliomas was positive for cytokeratins and vimentin but not for CD 34 and Faktor VIII. Diagnosis of SFT might be difficult because of its variability in histopathology, sometimes mimicking a hemangiopericytoma or endothelioma. Recent reports of tumor localizations devoiding serosal surfaces illustrate the diagnostic and histogenetic dilemma of this tumor. The differentiation of SFT from mesothelioma and endothelioma can be achieved by immunophenotyping including CD 34.

  17. Solitary fibrous tumour of the supraglottic larynx.

    PubMed

    Grammatica, A; Bolzoni Villaret, A; Ravanelli, M; Nicolai, P

    2016-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal neoplasm that usually arises in the pleura, but rarely involves other sites outside the serosal space (mediastinum, lung, liver, thyroid gland); larynx involvement is very rare with only sporadic cases reported in the literature. We report a case of SFT in a 41-year-old woman with supraglottic laryngeal invovlement; symptoms included dysphonia and mild odynophagia lasting 2 years, and fibre-optic laryngeal evaluation showed a sub-mucosal mass involving the left supraglottis and medial wall of the pyriform sinus. MRI represents the gold standard tool for differential diagnosis (with schwannoma, paraganglioma and haemangioma) and correct staging, while immunohistochemical and cytomorphologic analysis (bcl-2 and CD34 positivity in 90% of cases) is needed for definitive diagnosis. Surgery is the main treatment (endoscopic and open conservative technique), and its goal is a balance between safe oncological resection and good preservation of laryngeal functions; in this particular case an open laryngeal approach was scheduled due to the size of the tumour. Prognosis is good and in only a few cases (especially in pleural SFT) does the biological behaviour take a malignant course. PMID:27070539

  18. Solitary fibrous tumour of the supraglottic larynx.

    PubMed

    Grammatica, A; Bolzoni Villaret, A; Ravanelli, M; Nicolai, P

    2016-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal neoplasm that usually arises in the pleura, but rarely involves other sites outside the serosal space (mediastinum, lung, liver, thyroid gland); larynx involvement is very rare with only sporadic cases reported in the literature. We report a case of SFT in a 41-year-old woman with supraglottic laryngeal invovlement; symptoms included dysphonia and mild odynophagia lasting 2 years, and fibre-optic laryngeal evaluation showed a sub-mucosal mass involving the left supraglottis and medial wall of the pyriform sinus. MRI represents the gold standard tool for differential diagnosis (with schwannoma, paraganglioma and haemangioma) and correct staging, while immunohistochemical and cytomorphologic analysis (bcl-2 and CD34 positivity in 90% of cases) is needed for definitive diagnosis. Surgery is the main treatment (endoscopic and open conservative technique), and its goal is a balance between safe oncological resection and good preservation of laryngeal functions; in this particular case an open laryngeal approach was scheduled due to the size of the tumour. Prognosis is good and in only a few cases (especially in pleural SFT) does the biological behaviour take a malignant course.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Rhee, Sun Jung; Ryu, Jung Kyu; Han, Sang-Ah; Won, Kyu Yeoun

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that can be benign or malignant. SFTs have been most often documented in the pleura. Recently, involvement of extrapleural sites such as the abdomen, musculoskeletal soft tissue, upper respiratory tract, mediastinum, and head and neck were reported. Less than 15 cases of SFT of the breast have been reported. Here, we report a case of a pathologically proven SFT of the breast and review the literature on the radiologic findings. US imaging showed an oval, well-circumscribed, hypoechoic solid mass. A solitary fibrous tumor of the breast is a very rare lesion.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Rhee, Sun Jung; Ryu, Jung Kyu; Han, Sang-Ah; Won, Kyu Yeoun

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that can be benign or malignant. SFTs have been most often documented in the pleura. Recently, involvement of extrapleural sites such as the abdomen, musculoskeletal soft tissue, upper respiratory tract, mediastinum, and head and neck were reported. Less than 15 cases of SFT of the breast have been reported. Here, we report a case of a pathologically proven SFT of the breast and review the literature on the radiologic findings. US imaging showed an oval, well-circumscribed, hypoechoic solid mass. A solitary fibrous tumor of the breast is a very rare lesion. PMID:26703178

  1. Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumour: Intraoperative frozen section analysis can help prevent unnecessary orchiectomy

    PubMed Central

    DeCoste, Ryan C.; Carter, Michael D.; Bagnell, Scott; Merrimen, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumours are rare intrascrotal lesions, most frequently affecting the testicular tunics. They are benign in nature; however, their pathogenesis is not completely understood. Presenting features are similar to testicular malignancy, which may result in unnecessary radical surgery. It has been suggested that additional diagnostic imaging combined with frozen section analysis may help prevent orchiectomy in these patients. We describe a case of paratesticular fibrous pseudotumour in a 40-year-old male treated with testicle-sparing surgery aided by intraoperative frozen section analysis. PMID:26664509

  2. Orbital fibrous hamartoma of infancy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Se Hyun; Hwang, Jeong-Min; Kim, Namju

    2016-02-01

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy is a rare, benign lesion of the superficial soft tissue, typically presenting within the first 2 years of life, and usually located on the upper extremities, axilla, and upper back. Lesions affecting the orbit have not been reported previously. We report the case of a 7-month-old boy with orbital fibrous hamartoma of infancy. He had a right hypertropia and a limitation of infraduction in the right eye. A mass on the right anteroinferior orbit involving the inferior rectus and inferior oblique muscles was seen on magnetic resonance imaging. Hamartoma of infancy was confirmed through pathologic examination. Right hypertropia and limitation of infraduction moderately improved after surgery.

  3. Protease degradable electrospun fibrous hydrogels

    PubMed Central

    Wade, Ryan J.; Bassin, Ethan J.; Rodell, Christopher B.; Burdick, Jason A.

    2015-01-01

    Electrospun nanofibers are promising in biomedical applications to replicate features of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, nearly all electrospun scaffolds are either non-degradable or degrade hydrolytically, whereas natural ECM degrades proteolytically, often through matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Here, we synthesize reactive macromers that contain protease-cleavable and fluorescent peptides and are able to form both isotropic hydrogels and electrospun fibrous hydrogels through a photoinitiated polymerization. These biomimetic scaffolds are susceptible to protease-mediated cleavage in vitro in a protease dose dependent manner and in vivo in a subcutaneous mouse model using transdermal fluorescent imaging to monitor degradation. Importantly, materials containing an alternate and non-protease-cleavable peptide sequence are stable in both in vitro and in vivo settings. To illustrate the specificity in degradation, scaffolds with mixed fiber populations support selective fiber degradation based on individual fiber degradability. Overall, this represents a novel biomimetic approach to generate protease-sensitive fibrous scaffolds for biomedical applications. PMID:25799370

  4. Post-radiation changes in oral tissues - An analysis of cancer irradiation cases

    PubMed Central

    Pandya, Jay Ashokkumar; Srikant, N.; Boaz, Karen; Manaktala, Nidhi; Kapila, Supriya Nikita; Yinti, Shanmukha Raviteja

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Radiation, commonly employed as neoadjuvant, primary, and adjuvant therapy for head and neck cancer causes numerous epithelial and stromal changes, prominent among which is fibrosis with its early and late consequences. Very little is known about the true nature of the fibrosed tissue and the type of fibers accumulated. Radiotherapy affects the supporting tumor stroma often resulting in a worsening grade of tumor post-radiation. Aim: To study epithelial, neoplastic, stromal, and glandular changes in oral cavity induced by radiation therapy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) using special stains. Materials and Methods: The study included 27 samples of recurrent OSCC following completion of radiotherapy (recurrence within an average span of 11 months), and 26 non-irradiated cases of OSCC. Patients with a history of combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy were not included in the study. The epithelial changes assessed included epithelial atrophy, apoptosis, necrosis, dysplasia, and neoplasia. The connective tissue was evaluated for amount of fibrosis, quality of fibers (using picrosirius red staining), fibrinous exudate, necrosis, pattern of invasion, vessel wall thickening, and salivary gland changes. The aforementioned changes were assessed using light and polarizing microscopy and tabulated. Statistical Analysis: Epithelial and connective tissue parameters were compared between the irradiated and non-irradiated cases using chi square and t-tests. Results: Epithelial and connective tissue parameters were found to be increased in irradiated patients. Pattern of invasion by tumor cells varied from strands and  cords between the two groups studied. The effect of radiation was seen to reflect on the maturity of fibers and the regularity of their distribution. PMID:25136522

  5. Osteogenic sarcoma and soft tissue myxoma in a patient with fibrous dysplasia and hemoglobins JBaltimore and S.

    PubMed

    Witkin, G B; Guilford, W B; Siegal, G P

    1986-03-01

    A 41-year-old man with recognized polyostotic fibrous dysplasia since late childhood developed fibroblastic osteogenic sarcoma in the left tibia. Four months after the initial diagnosis, an intramuscular myxoma was discovered in the left thigh. Twenty years previously he had been found to be heterozygous for hemoglobins JBaltimore and S. Malignant transformation in fibrous dysplasia is unusual and may be associated in some individuals with prior irradiation. Soft tissue myxomas associated with fibrous dysplasia are even rarer. To the best of the authors' knowledge the occurrence of both of these lesions in a patient with fibrous dysplasia has been reported only once before. Patients with both fibrous dysplasia and myxomas may be at greater risk for malignant transformation than are individuals with only one of these lesions. There is no well-recognized association between hemoglobinopathies and either fibrous dysplasia or bone tumors. It is therefore probable that the rare constellation of findings is in this patient a stochastic event. PMID:3456858

  6. Clinical and imaging characteristics of 53 ulcers of post-radiation nasopharyngeal necrosis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Yan, Fengqin; Ye, Zhimin; Wang, Fangzheng; Wang, Lei; Li, Weiyang; Fu, Zhenfu

    2016-01-01

    It is widely accepted that a mucosal ulcer induced by radiation (RIMU) is the predominant type of post-radiation nasopharyngeal ulcer in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who underwent radiotherapy (RT); however, another type of ulcer, an ulcer of post-radiation nasopharyngeal necrosis (UPRNN), has rarely been reported for patients with NPC. In the present study, the clinical and imaging features of 53 patients who were treated at the Zhejiang Provincial Cancer Center (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China) between March 2009 and December 2015, and who were diagnosed with UPRNN, were reviewed. The clinical factors, laboratory examinations, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and endoscopic findings were analysed. A UPRNN has its characteristic imaging features and ulcer locations at the primary tumour bed, which are different from a traditional RIMU. In the retrospective analysis of the clinical factors, a tumour (T) 3/4 stage, with invasion of muscular tissue, poor response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and anaemia during the RT, may be associated with the occurrence of a UPRNN. To evaluate the severity, a UPRNN was divided into three grades according to the invasion depth of the ulcer based on its appearance in MRI, and the subsequent treatment and prognosis varied according to the severity of the UPRNN. In conclusion, a UPRNN has its clinical features and characteristic MRI appearances, and the occurrence of a UPRNN may be associated with several clinical factors.

  7. Is 4q13 a recurring breakpoint in solitary fibrous tumors?

    PubMed

    Debiec-Rychter, M; de Wever, I; Hagemeijer, A; Sciot, R

    2001-11-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm found predominantly in the subpleural region but also in many other body sites. We report a malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the peritoneum with a 47,XY,t(4;9)(q13;p23),+5 karyotype. The chromosome 4q13 breakpoint in the presented and previously published case of pleural solitary fibrous tumor with a 46,XY,t(4;15)(q13;q26) karyotype was further characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis and localized within the 5-cM interval that was flanked by regions specific to YAC clones 761A7 and 886C11. Chromosome translocations involving chromosome 4q13 may characterize a separate cytogenetic subgroup of SFT.

  8. A Rare Case of Monostotic Spinal Fibrous Dysplasia Mimicking Solitary Metastatic Lesion of Thyroid Carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Sharifudin, Mohd Ariff; Zakaria, Zamzuri; Awang, Mohamed Saufi; Mohamed Amin, Mohamed Azril; Abd Aziz, Azian

    2016-01-01

    Monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the vertebra is a rare entity. A case of a 53-year-old lady who presented with an 8 months history of pain in the thoracic spine region with paraparesis is discussed. She had a history of papillary thyroid carcinoma and had undergone total thyroidectomy one year prior to her current problem. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed isolated osteolytic lesion over the posterior element of the T12 vertebra with narrowing of the spinal canal causing compression of the cord. The diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia was made histologically. Fibrous dysplasia rarely occurs in axial bones compared with peripheral bones. This case illustrates that osteolytic lesion of the vertebrae should be evaluated with detailed radiological and histopathological examination before an empirical diagnosis of spinal metastasis is made in an adult with a background history of primary malignancy well-known to spread to the bone. PMID:27540330

  9. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with gigantism and huge pelvic tumor: a rare case of McCune-Albright syndrome.

    PubMed

    Sakayama, Kenshi; Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Kidani, Teruki; Fujibuchi, Taketsugu; Kito, Katsumi; Tanji, Nozomu; Nakamura, Atsushi

    2011-06-01

    We report a rare case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia on endocrine hyperfunction with elevated human growth hormone and normal serum level of prolactin. There were some differential points of gender, gigantism, endocrine function, and GNAS gene from McCune-Albright syndrome. Malignant transformation was suspected in the pelvic tumor from imaging because rapid growth of the tumor by imaging was observed; however, no malignant change occurred in this case. PMID:20878436

  10. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with gigantism and huge pelvic tumor: a rare case of McCune-Albright syndrome.

    PubMed

    Sakayama, Kenshi; Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Kidani, Teruki; Fujibuchi, Taketsugu; Kito, Katsumi; Tanji, Nozomu; Nakamura, Atsushi

    2011-06-01

    We report a rare case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia on endocrine hyperfunction with elevated human growth hormone and normal serum level of prolactin. There were some differential points of gender, gigantism, endocrine function, and GNAS gene from McCune-Albright syndrome. Malignant transformation was suspected in the pelvic tumor from imaging because rapid growth of the tumor by imaging was observed; however, no malignant change occurred in this case.

  11. Modelling fracture in fibrous microstructures

    SciTech Connect

    Beyerlein, I.

    1998-04-01

    This work describes some complementary studies directed towards micromechanical modeling and simulation of the statistical fracture process in composites with fibrous microstructures. A few studies involve combining efficient computational stress analyses and piezospectroscopic measurement techniques to quantify interface deformation around a single break in model composites. It is shown how estimated interface parameters can be used to predict activity around more complex break arrangement in much larger composites. The final studies involve incorporating these experimentally refined stress analyses into large scale simulation for statistical predictions and subsequent analytical modeling of composite fracture.

  12. Flame resistant fibrous structures development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coskren, Robert J.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of the current program was (1) to investigate potentially useful new polymers, both for fire safety and mechanical properties, (2) to produce fibers from these polymers if necessary, and (3) to produce sufficient quantities of qualified fibrous structures, composites, or laminates for use in various areas of the Space Shuttle and Space Station Programs. During the past six years, development efforts have been expended in several major areas in support of Space Shuttle missions and Space Station Freedom projects. The summarized results of several of these major efforts are included in this report.

  13. Malignant adenolymphoma.

    PubMed

    Moosavi, H; Ryan, C; Schwartz, S; Donnelly, J A

    1980-01-01

    Adenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) is a well studied benign tumor of the salivary gland. Malignant transformation of such a tumor is rare and not well documented in the literature. The light microscopic and ultrastructural features of an undifferentiated carcinoma arising in an adenolymphoma in the parotid gland of a middle aged male are described, and the relevant literature is reviewed. Similarities between the benign adenolymphoma and the undifferentiated malignant tumor, such as the presence of interstitial lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltrates, dark and light epithelial cells, similar cytoplasmic organelles, and nuclear morphology, suggest a malignant transformation of a previously existing benign adenolymphoma.

  14. Systemic therapy for selected skull base sarcomas: Chondrosarcoma, chordoma, giant cell tumour and solitary fibrous tumour/hemangiopericytoma.

    PubMed

    Colia, Vittoria; Provenzano, Salvatore; Hindi, Nadia; Casali, Paolo G; Stacchiotti, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    This review highlights the data currently available on the activity of systemic therapy in chondrosarcoma, chordoma, giant cell tumour of the bone (GCTB) and solitary fibrous tumour, i.e., four rare sarcomas amongst mesenchymal malignancy arising from the skull base.

  15. Systemic therapy for selected skull base sarcomas: Chondrosarcoma, chordoma, giant cell tumour and solitary fibrous tumour/hemangiopericytoma.

    PubMed

    Colia, Vittoria; Provenzano, Salvatore; Hindi, Nadia; Casali, Paolo G; Stacchiotti, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    This review highlights the data currently available on the activity of systemic therapy in chondrosarcoma, chordoma, giant cell tumour of the bone (GCTB) and solitary fibrous tumour, i.e., four rare sarcomas amongst mesenchymal malignancy arising from the skull base. PMID:27330421

  16. Primary malignancy, secondary malignancy and semimalignancy of bone tumors.

    PubMed

    Uehlinger, E

    1976-01-01

    1. Bone tumors in contrast to tumors in soft tissue, show a wide variety of clinical behavior qualified by the expressions semimalignancy, low grade of malignancy, sarcomatous degeneration and primarily benign bone tumors and bone lesions. 2. The term semimalignancy is characterized by local invasive and destructive tumor growth with a tendency to recur locally but no hematogeneous spreading. Semimalignancy requires wide en-bloc resection of amputation. 3. The term low grade malignancy is used to describe a tumor of very slow growth and with very late metastasis. Low-grade malignancy requires resection with careful preservation of functional structures. 4. The term secondary malignancy means the sarcomatous degeneration of a primarily benign lesion or bone tumor. This transformation is enhanced by irradiation and probably by acceleration of the normal turnover of bone tissue. In Paget's disease sarcomatous degeneration is to be expected in 2 percent of cases and in fibrous dysplasia in 0.5 percent of cases. 5. Sarcomatous degeneration of bone infarcts is rare, but an increase is to be expected due to an increased frequency of bone infarcts caused by long-term treatment with cortisone. 6. Primary bone tumors and recurrences show the same structure and cytology. In a minority of cases the recurrences are less differentiated; in a very few cases the recurrences are more highly differentiated and have a better prognosis than the initial lesion. PMID:1070716

  17. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Brockhouse, R T

    1979-04-01

    A case has been presented that illustrates successful managment of a patient with suspected malignant hyperthermia. The causes of this disorder are uncertain. If screening procedures identify a patient as susceptible to this disorder, careful planning in the preoperative stage is indicated. Preparedness during the operative procedure for any emergency is mandatory. Early and effective treatment seems to be the only method of preventing mortality with patients experiencing malignant hyperthermia. PMID:285135

  18. Malignant oncocytoma.

    PubMed

    Laurian, N; Zohar, Y; Kende, L

    1977-09-01

    A case of malignant oncocytoma of the parotid gland in a 32-year-old male is presented. Ten months after parotidectomy an undifferentiated carcinoma, in which oncocytes still could be recognized, developed in the operated area. According to the literature available to us, this is the second reported case in which malignant transformation in a benign oncocytoma of the salivary gland has been observed.

  19. [Solitary fibrous tumor in the tongue: case report and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Nkenke, E; Fenner, M; Lell, M; Vairaktaris, E; Neukam, F W; Faller, G

    2007-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare, mostly fibroblastic tumors usually situated in the pleura. Extrapleural manifestations have been described. However, the oral cavity is an uncommon localisation of this tumor. We report the very unusual case of an SFT affecting the tongue that could be removed completely because of its clear delineation. Intraoperative incisional biopsies were used to exclude malignancy. For definitive classification of the tumor, additional histopathologic examinations had to be carried out. Because SFT exhibit malignant behavior only in exceptional cases and their recurrence after complete removal has never been encountered, surgery can focus on the preservation of undisturbed function of the tongue.

  20. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney Developing Local Recurrence.

    PubMed

    Usuba, Wataru; Sasaki, Hideo; Yoshie, Hidekazu; Kitajima, Kazuki; Kudo, Hiroya; Nakazawa, Ryuto; Sato, Yuichi; Takagi, Masayuki; Chikaraishi, Tatsuya

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is a rare entity and usually displays a favorable prognosis. We herein report a second case of renal SFT developing local recurrence. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a left renal mass. An abdominal CT detected a large renal tumor and radical nephrectomy was performed with a possible diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. The resected tumor size was measured at 17 × 11 × 8 cm. Grossly, necrosis was observed in central lesion of the tumor but hemorrhage was not observed. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of spindle-shaped cells with scant cytoplasm accompanied by hyalinized collagenous tissue, which displayed hemangiopericytomatous patterns. The cellularity was normal and nuclear pleomorphism was not observed. Ki-67 labeling index was less than 3%. The pathological diagnosis of SFT was made without obvious malignant findings. Three years after the surgery, a follow-up CT scan detected a mass lesion in the tumor bed. Surgical resection was performed and the resected tumor was compatible with local recurrence of the SFT without obvious malignant findings. Renal SFT should be carefully monitored even in the absence of obvious malignant findings. PMID:27239363

  1. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney Developing Local Recurrence

    PubMed Central

    Usuba, Wataru; Sasaki, Hideo; Yoshie, Hidekazu; Kitajima, Kazuki; Kudo, Hiroya; Nakazawa, Ryuto; Sato, Yuichi; Takagi, Masayuki; Chikaraishi, Tatsuya

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is a rare entity and usually displays a favorable prognosis. We herein report a second case of renal SFT developing local recurrence. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a left renal mass. An abdominal CT detected a large renal tumor and radical nephrectomy was performed with a possible diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. The resected tumor size was measured at 17 × 11 × 8 cm. Grossly, necrosis was observed in central lesion of the tumor but hemorrhage was not observed. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of spindle-shaped cells with scant cytoplasm accompanied by hyalinized collagenous tissue, which displayed hemangiopericytomatous patterns. The cellularity was normal and nuclear pleomorphism was not observed. Ki-67 labeling index was less than 3%. The pathological diagnosis of SFT was made without obvious malignant findings. Three years after the surgery, a follow-up CT scan detected a mass lesion in the tumor bed. Surgical resection was performed and the resected tumor was compatible with local recurrence of the SFT without obvious malignant findings. Renal SFT should be carefully monitored even in the absence of obvious malignant findings. PMID:27239363

  2. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney Developing Local Recurrence.

    PubMed

    Usuba, Wataru; Sasaki, Hideo; Yoshie, Hidekazu; Kitajima, Kazuki; Kudo, Hiroya; Nakazawa, Ryuto; Sato, Yuichi; Takagi, Masayuki; Chikaraishi, Tatsuya

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the kidney is a rare entity and usually displays a favorable prognosis. We herein report a second case of renal SFT developing local recurrence. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a left renal mass. An abdominal CT detected a large renal tumor and radical nephrectomy was performed with a possible diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. The resected tumor size was measured at 17 × 11 × 8 cm. Grossly, necrosis was observed in central lesion of the tumor but hemorrhage was not observed. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of spindle-shaped cells with scant cytoplasm accompanied by hyalinized collagenous tissue, which displayed hemangiopericytomatous patterns. The cellularity was normal and nuclear pleomorphism was not observed. Ki-67 labeling index was less than 3%. The pathological diagnosis of SFT was made without obvious malignant findings. Three years after the surgery, a follow-up CT scan detected a mass lesion in the tumor bed. Surgical resection was performed and the resected tumor was compatible with local recurrence of the SFT without obvious malignant findings. Renal SFT should be carefully monitored even in the absence of obvious malignant findings.

  3. Fibrous-Ceramic/Aerogel Composite Insulating Tiles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Susan M.; Rasky, Daniel J.

    2004-01-01

    Fibrous-ceramic/aerogel composite tiles have been invented to afford combinations of thermal-insulation and mechanical properties superior to those attainable by making tiles of fibrous ceramics alone or aerogels alone. These lightweight tiles can be tailored to a variety of applications that range from insulating cryogenic tanks to protecting spacecraft against re-entry heating. The advantages and disadvantages of fibrous ceramics and aerogels can be summarized as follows: Tiles made of ceramic fibers are known for mechanical strength, toughness, and machinability. Fibrous ceramic tiles are highly effective as thermal insulators in a vacuum. However, undesirably, the porosity of these materials makes them permeable by gases, so that in the presence of air or other gases, convection and gas-phase conduction contribute to the effective thermal conductivity of the tiles. Other disadvantages of the porosity and permeability of fibrous ceramic tiles arise because gases (e.g., water vapor or cryogenic gases) can condense in pores. This condensation contributes to weight, and in the case of cryogenic systems, the heat of condensation undesirably adds to the heat flowing to the objects that one seeks to keep cold. Moreover, there is a risk of explosion associated with vaporization of previously condensed gas upon reheating. Aerogels offer low permeability, low density, and low thermal conductivity, but are mechanically fragile. The basic idea of the present invention is to exploit the best features of fibrous ceramic tiles and aerogels. In a composite tile according to the invention, the fibrous ceramic serves as a matrix that mechanically supports the aerogel, while the aerogel serves as a low-conductivity, low-permeability filling that closes what would otherwise be the open pores of the fibrous ceramic. Because the aerogel eliminates or at least suppresses permeation by gas, gas-phase conduction, and convection, the thermal conductivity of such a composite even at

  4. bcl-2 expression in pleural and extrapleural solitary fibrous tumours.

    PubMed

    Chilosi, M; Facchettti, F; Dei Tos, A P; Lestani, M; Morassi, M L; Martignoni, G; Sorio, C; Benedetti, A; Morelli, L; Doglioni, C; Barberis, M; Menestrina, F; Viale, G

    1997-04-01

    This study evaluated the immunoreactivity for bcl-2, a molecule involved in the control of programmed cell death, in cases of pleural (14) and extrapleural (2) solitary fibrous tumour (SFT), malignant mesotheliomas of different histological types, and a variety of extrapleural CD34-positive and CD34-negative spindle-cell tumours. In all SFTs, strong and diffuse immunostaining was demonstrated with anti-bel-2 antibody, sharply contrasting with the complete lack of staining observed in all mesotheliomas. The specificity of immunodetection of bcl-2 in SFT was confirmed by immunoblot analysis, showing a band consistent with the bcl-2 protein. At extrapleural locations, strong bcl-2 immunoreactivity was observed in Schwannoma (2/3 cases), synovial sarcoma (4/4 cases), and all cases of CD34-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST; 10/10 cases). Most sarcomas were bcl-2-negative. Lack of bcl-2 expression was demonstrated in tumours which can pose problems in the differential diagnosis of SFT and can exhibit haemangiopericytoma-like features, including haemangiopericytoma (3 cases), dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (16 cases), and deep-seated fibrous histiocytoma (3 cases). The constitutive expression of bcl-2 in SFT widens the spectrum of available markers for these tumours, providing a useful adjunct to their differential diagnosis in difficult cases at pleural and extrapleural sites, and contributing to the understanding of their histogenesis and molecular pathogenesis.

  5. Solitary fibrous tumour and haemangiopericytoma: evolution of a concept.

    PubMed

    Gengler, C; Guillou, L

    2006-01-01

    Haemangiopericytoma (HPC) was described in 1942 by Stout and Murray as a distinctive soft tissue neoplasm, presumably of pericytic origin, exhibiting a characteristic well-developed "staghorn" branching vascular pattern. Over the years, it appeared that this growth pattern was a non-specific one, shared by numerous, unrelated benign and malignant lesions, and that HPC was better considered as a diagnosis of exclusion. Three categories of lesion may now be individualized within the heterogeneous group of HPC-like neoplasms. The first category corresponds to those non-HPC neoplasms that occasionally display HPC-like features (e.g. synovial sarcoma). Lesions belonging to the second category show clear evidence of myoid/pericytic differentiation and correspond to true HPCs. They generally show a benign clinical course, and include glomangiopericytoma/myopericytoma, infantile myofibromatosis (previously called infantile HPC), and a subset of sinonasal HPCs. The third category is the solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) lesional group, which includes fibrous-to-cellular SFTs, and related lesions such as giant cell angiofibromas and lipomatous HPCs. In practice, any HPC-like lesion can be allocated to one of these categories, leaving the ill-defined "haemangiopericytoma" category empty.

  6. Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor removed by endoscopic submucosal dissection

    PubMed Central

    Ogasawara, Naotaka; Izawa, Shinya; Mizuno, Mari; Tanabe, Atsushi; Ozeki, Tomonori; Noda, Hisatsugu; Takahashi, Emiko; Sasaki, Makoto; Yokoi, Toyoharu; Kasugai, Kunio

    2013-01-01

    The World Health Organization describes calcifying fibrous tumors (CFTs) as rare, benign lesions characterized by hypocellular, densely hyalinized collagenization with lymphoplasmacytic infiltration. These tumors rarely involve the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. A routine endoscopic upper gastrointestinal screen detected a 10-mm submucosal tumor (SMT) in the lesser curvature of the lower corpus of the stomach of an apparently healthy, 37-year-old woman with no history of Helicobacter pylori infection. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) localized the internally isoechoic, homogeneous SMT mainly within the submucosa. Malignancy was ruled out using endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). A pathological examination confirmed complete resection of the SMT, and defined a hypocellular, spindle-cell tumor with a densely hyalinized, collagenous matrix, scattered lymphoplasmacytic aggregates as well as a few psammomatous, dystrophic calcified foci. The mass was immunohistochemically positive for vimentin and negative for CD117 (c-kit protein), CD34, desmin, smooth muscle actin (SMA) and S100. Therefore, the histological findings were characteristic of a CFT. To date, CFT resection by ESD has not been described. This is the first case report of a gastric calcifying fibrous tumor being completely resected by ESD after endoscopic ultrasonography. PMID:24044047

  7. Pleural malignancies.

    PubMed

    Vargas, F S; Teixeira, L R

    1996-07-01

    Carcinoma of the lung, metastatic breast carcinoma, and lymphoma are responsible for approximately 75% of all malignant pleural effusions. The presence of malignant cells in the pleural fluid or in the parietal pleura confirms the diagnosis. Recently, several authors have proposed the combination of morphometric procedures and quantitative analysis of nucleolar organizer regions stained by silver nitrate. Videothoracoscopy is recommended for patients suspected of having a malignant pleural effusion in whom the diagnosis is not established after two cytologic studies of the fluid and one needle biopsy. The standard treatment is the intrapleural instillation of a chemical agent to produce a pleurodesis. The recommended sclerosant is talc, a tetracycline derivative, or Corynebacterium parvum where it is available. When a patient is not an ideal candidate for chemical pleurodesis, the options include symptomatic treatment, serial thoracentesis, implantation of a pleuroperitoneal shunt, and pleurectomy. PMID:9363162

  8. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the meninges].

    PubMed

    Gentil Perret, A; Mosnier, J F; Duthel, R; Brunon, J; Barral, F; Boucheron, S

    1999-12-01

    We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the meninges. SFTs have been initially described in the pleura. SFTs show similar histological findings as in other locations. SFTs show a diffuse positive staining for vimentin and CD34. Meningeal SFTs have usually a favourable outcome. These tumors have to be essentially distinguished from hemangiopericytomas and fibrous meningiomas. Immunostaining for CD34 is of value for this purpose. CD34 expression is often patchy and weaker in hemangiopericytomas whereas it is rarely observed in fibrous meningiomas. It is of great interest to isolate SFTs from hemangiopericytomas because of their favourable outcome.

  9. A Case of Craniofacial Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Clark, Justin; Carson, William

    2010-01-01

    We present the case of a patient with craniofacial polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia is relatively rare and usually presents in late childhood/early adulthood. It is occasionally associated with endocrine disorders such as McCune-Albright syndrome. The benign pathology of this bone tumor belies its implications in the region of the skull base. Craniofacial polyostotic fibrous dysplasia can have devastating complications depending on which ostia are involved, including vision loss. Our patient was already beginning to experience visual field deficits from ischemic neuropathy. He was treated surgically with optic nerve decompression; however, the efficacy of this approach is currently being debated. PMID:22470752

  10. CD34-negative solitary fibrous tumour resistant to imatinib.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Koichiro; Otsu, Satoshi; Morinaga, Ryotaro; Shirao, Kuniaki

    2013-01-01

    A 75-year-old man presented to our hospital with multifocal thickening of the left pleura and left pleural effusion. Histology of the pleura showed uniform and bipolar spindle cells with moderate mitosis in a collagenised stroma. It further showed abundant blood vessels in a haemangiopericytoma-like pattern. These findings were strongly suggestive of malignant solitary fibrous tumour (SFT). The tumour showed negative staining for CD34. The loss of CD34 expression could imply histologically high-grade tumour, as reported previously. Imatinib, a multityrosine kinase inhibitor with targets, including platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)-α and PDGFR-β, has antitumour activity in some patients with SFT. Unfortunately, imatinib treatment failed to control disease progression in the present case that expressed PDGFR-β, but not PDGFR-α. This report described a case of CD34-negative SFT resistant to imatinib.

  11. [Intraabdominal mass with difficult diagnosis: Solitary fibrous tumor].

    PubMed

    Alonso, Inmaculada; Hernández-Guerra, Manuel; González, Yanira; Gimeno-García, Antonio; Méndez, Rafael; Malagón, Antonio; Quintero Carrión, Enrique

    2010-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. The most commonly reported locations are the pleura and meninges. Less frequently, SFT manifests as an asymptomatic mass in the pancreas, liver, peritoneum or kidney. Clinical and radiological findings have failed to provide any specific diagnostic pattern but allow malignant development to be suspected due to infiltration or metastasis. In addition, preoperative cytology often yields inconclusive or misleading results. Therefore the definitive diagnosis is achieved after both surgical resection and immunohistochemical analysis, with markers such as CD34, vimentin and desmin. We present a case of SFT, which was difficult to diagnose, even after an extensive battery of tests based on imaging techniques.

  12. Optical spectroscopy of benign and malignant breast tissues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Yuanlong; Katz, Alvin; Celmer, Edward J.; Zurawska-Szczepaniak, Margaret; Alfano, Robert R.

    1996-04-01

    Fluorescence spectroscopy was applied to characterize normal, malignant and adipose breast tissues. Excitation, emission, and synchronized diffusive reflectance spectral scans were measured on over one hundred specimens for the purpose of developing an improved spectroscopic diagnostic technique. These techniques were able to successfully distinguish malignant tissue from adipose glandular fibrous and normal tissue. A sensitivity of 91% for fifty-six (56) malignant specimens with specificity of 91% for forty-six (46) benign tissue specimens has been achieved, using pathology as the golden standard.

  13. Hematologic malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Hoogstraten, B.

    1986-01-01

    The principle aim of this book is to give practical guidelines to the modern treatment of the six important hematologic malignancies. Topics considered include the treatment of the chronic leukemias; acute leukemia in adults; the myeloproliferative disorders: polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis/agnogenic myeloid metaplasia; Hodgkin's Disease; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and Multiple Myeloma.

  14. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Taiclet, L

    1985-01-01

    Despite numerous reviews and clinical reports, much remains to be learned about the cause, treatment, and prevention of malignant hyperthermia.Among the most worrisome concerns of the clinician administering anesthesia is the malignant hyperthermia crisis. When it arises, it is always frightening-and sometimes fatal. Usually occurring very suddenly and without warning, malignant hyperthermia is considered to be a hypercatabolic crisis; the condition is known to affect humans and certain breeds of pigs. The exact triggering mechanisms of malignant hyperthermia (MH) in humans are not known, but a crisis can be initiated by volatile general anesthetics, neuromuscular blocking agents, and amide local anesthetics. Although a history of an MH crisis is a diagnostic aid, previous uneventful exposure to anesthesia does not guarantee the safety of the patient in subsequent anesthetic procedures.(1) For these reasons, it is important for the anesthesiologist to be aware of the initial signs of MH and to be prepared to provide immediate treatment to reverse such a crisis. PMID:3865561

  15. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed Central

    Ben Abraham, R.; Adnet, P.; Glauber, V.; Perel, A.

    1998-01-01

    Malignant hyperthermia is a rare autosomal dominant trait that predisposes affected individuals to great danger when exposed to certain anaesthetic triggering agents (such as potent volatile anaesthetics and succinylcholine). A sudden hypermetabolic reaction in skeletal muscle leading to hyperthermia and massive rhabdomyolysis can occur. The ultimate treatment is dantrolene sodium a nonspecific muscle relaxant. Certain precautions should be taken before anaesthesia of patients known to be susceptible to malignant hyperthermia. These include the prohibition of the use of triggering agents, monitoring of central body temperature and expired CO2, and immediate availability of dantrolene. In addition, careful cleansing of the anaesthesia machine of vapours of halogenated agents is recommended. If these measures are taken, the chances of an MH episode are greatly reduced. When malignant hyperthermia-does occur in the operating room, prompt recognition and treatment usually prevent a potentially fatal outcome. The most reliable test to establish susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia is currently the in vitro caffeine-halothane contracture test. It is hoped that in the future a genetic test will be available. PMID:9538480

  16. Fibrous capsule formation around titanium and copper.

    PubMed

    Suska, Felicia; Emanuelsson, Lena; Johansson, Anna; Tengvall, Pentti; Thomsen, Peter

    2008-06-15

    Previous studies suggest that implant material properties influence the quality and quantity of fibrous capsule around the implant. However, the precise relation between material surface chemistry, early inflammatory response, and fibrous subsequent repair outcome is still unknown. Titanium (Ti) and copper (Cu), surfaces with different inflammatory potential, were implanted subcutaneously in rats and retrieved fibrous capsules were analyzed after 28 and 56 days. Histological examinations show pronounced differences in capsule morphology. The fibrous capsule around Ti was thinner than that around Cu, with less number of the inflammatory cells in the layer close to the implant surface, and less and smaller blood vessels. The capsule around Cu was thick, with a large number of the inflammatory cells, particularly macrophages and giant cells, and increased number of blood vessels. Our study suggests that material surface properties, which initiate early, multiple cellular inflammatory events, are also associated with increased fibrosis and angiogenesis during repair phase. PMID:17896778

  17. Fibrous dysplasia of the temporal bone.

    PubMed

    Mallina, S; Philip, R; Chong, A W; Gurdeep, S

    2007-06-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a benign disease characterized by a progressive replacement of normal bone elements with fibrous tissue and the temporal bone involvement is uncommon. It has a male:female ratio of 2:1 and is seen more commonly in the first two decades of life. Diagnosis is made based on radiological findings and the modality of treatment is mainly conservative. However, surgery is reserved for preserving function and preventing complications. Fibrous dysplasia in the region of craniofacial bones is of particular interest to the otolaryngologist as it causes deformity and dysfunction that can be debilitating. We present a 49 year old Chinese gentleman with complaints of chronic dizziness over the last one year and had no obvious hearing impairment. Computed tomography of the mastoid revealed fibrous dysplasia of the right temporal bone. This case is of particular interest due to the late presentation as it is more commonly seen in the first two decades of life.

  18. [Solitary fibrous tumours of the kidney].

    PubMed

    Gres, Pascal; Avances, Christophe; Ben Naoum, Kamel; Chapuis, Héliette; Costa, Pierre

    2004-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are mesenchymal tumours that usually arise from the pleura. Renal SFT are exceptional (9 cases reported in the literature). The authors report a new case discovered during assessment of HT and treated by radical right nephrectomy. The histological appearance is characteristic: a tumour with a fibrous centre, composed of a monomorphic proliferation of spindle cells, with positive CD 34, CD 99, and bcl 2 labelling. The prognosis after complete resection is generally favourable.

  19. Primary solitary fibrous tumor of the retroperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Charhi, Hind; Bernoussi, Zakiya; Haddan, Azzouz; Mesmoudi, Siham; Elktaibi, Abderrahim; Mansouri, Fatima; Elktaibi, Rachid; Lahlou, Khalid; Jahid, Ahmed; Mahassini, Najat

    2011-09-28

    Solitary fibrous tumor is an uncommon neoplasm affecting adults and typically located in the pleura and can also occur in a large number of other extra thoracic sites. We present the case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the retroperitoneum and describe their histopathological and immunohistochemical features. The identification of SFT in the retroperitoneum is of importance because its clinico-pathological behaviour is still unclear. The pathologist plays a fundamental role in establishing both the positive and differential diagnosis.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of filum terminale.

    PubMed

    Wu, Yanping; Huang, Biao; Liang, Changhong

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that most commonly arises from the visceral or parietal pleura. Solitary fibrous tumor with a primary site in the filum terminale has not been reported previously in the literature. Here we report a case of SFT occurring in the filum terminale. The characteristic imaging feature of this tumor is hypointensity on T2-weighted images. Even though rare, SFT should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors occurring intraspinally, even in the filum terminale.

  1. Variable Solitary Fibrous Tumor Locations

    PubMed Central

    Zhanlong, Ma; Haibin, Shi; Xiangshan, Fang; Jiacheng, Song; Yicheng, Ni

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the study is to describe the radiological imaging features of different solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) locations and present histopathological correlations. From 2007 to 2013, 20 cases of histologically confirmed that SFTs were retrospectively analyzed with computed tomography (CT; 9/20), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; 5/20), or both CT and MRI (6/20). All 20 SFTs were well defined, lobular, soft-tissue masses, and 60% were located outside of the pleura. One pleural case invaded to the 10th thoracic vertebra and had lung metastases. Images revealed 11 heterogeneous lesions that exceeded 3.0 ± 0.203 cm along the greatest axis with patchy necrotic foci, and 9 homogeneous lesions <3.0 ± 0.203. Microscopically, all SFTs were proliferative spindle cells with varying degrees of fibrosis and interspersed vessel branching. Cells were strongly immunopositive for CD34. Here we review variable imaging findings of SFTs, which can be within the pleura as well as within other serosal tissues such as the meninges and postperitoneum. SFTs > 3.0 ± 0.203 cm along the greatest axis appeared to be mixed patterns, whereas SFTs < 3.0 ± 0.203 cm had isodense appearances. SFTs cells were CD34 immunopositive and surgery was a first-line treatment choice. PMID:27043668

  2. Meningeal solitary fibrous tumor: report of a case and literature review.

    PubMed

    Deniz, Kemal; Kontas, Olgun; Tucer, Bulent; Kurtsoy, Ali

    2005-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasm that most often involves the pleura. The increasing numbers of this neoplasm have also been reported to date in extrapleural sites. We report a case of a twenty-four-year-old female with right frontal mass. Histologically, the tumor composed of spindle cell proliferation. Tumor cells were found to be positive for CD34 and CD117 with immunohistochemical studies. Ten months follow-up was uneventful. Seventy seven cases of meningeal solitary fibrous tumor from the literature are analysed and pathological, immunohistochemical and clinical features are discussed. Solitary fibrous tumor has a slight female predominance, with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. Age distribution is similar to meningioma ranging from 7-81 years. Approximately 23% of cases originate in the spine which is the most common meningeal location. Histopathologic examination shows uniform spindle cell proliferation with various amount of collagen. CD34-positivity usually allows discrimination from schwannomas, meningiomas and hemangiopericytomas. A differential diagnosis is important because most of the solitary fibrous tumors usually behave in a benign fashion. In this study, we also showed CD117 (Kit) expression in a case of meningeal SFT. CD117-positivity can be a good strategy for treatment in malignant and recurrent cases. Further investigations are necessary for therapeutic implication of CD117-positivity in SFT.

  3. Denosumab Treatment for Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Boyce, AM; Chong, WH; Yao, J; Gafni, RI; Kelly, MH; Chamberlain, CE; Bassim, C; Cherman, N; Ellsworth, M; Kasa-Vubu, JZ; Farley, FA; Molinolo, AA; Bhattacharyya, N; Collins, MT

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a skeletal disease caused by somatic activating mutations of the cAMP-regulating protein, Gsα. These mutations lead to replacement of normal bone by proliferative osteogenic precursors, resulting in deformity, fracture, and pain. Medical treatment has been ineffective in altering the disease course. RANK ligand (RANKL) is a cell surface protein involved in many cellular processes, including osteoclastogenesis, and is reported to be overexpressed in FD-like bone cells. Denosumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody to RANKL approved for treatment of osteoporosis and prevention of skeletal-related events from bone metastases. We present the case of a 9-year-old boy with severe FD who was treated with denosumab for a rapidly expanding femoral lesion. Immunohistochemical staining on a pre-treatment bone biopsy specimen revealed marked RANKL expression. He was started on monthly denosumab, with an initial starting dose of 1 mg/kg and planned 0.25 mg/kg dose escalations every three months. Over seven months of treatment he showed marked reduction in pain, bone turnover markers, and tumor growth rate. Denosumab did not appear to impair healing of a femoral fracture that occurred while on treatment. With initiation of treatment he developed hypophosphatemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism, necessitating supplementation with phosphorus, calcium and calcitriol. Bone turnover markers (BTM) showed rapid and sustained suppression. With discontinuation there was rapid and dramatic rebound of BTM) with CTX (reflecting osteoclast activity) exceeding pre-treatment levels, and accompanied by severe hypercalcemia. In this child, denosumab lead to dramatic reduction of FD expansion and FD-related bone pain. Denosumab was associated with clinically significant disturbances of mineral metabolism both while on treatment and after discontinuation. Denosumab treatment of FD warrants further study to confirm efficacy and determine potential morbidity, as well as

  4. Characteristic endobronchial ultrasound image of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Chen, Fengshi; Yoshizawa, Akihiko; Okubo, Kenichi; Date, Hiroshi

    2010-09-01

    Hemangiopericytomatous pattern is characteristic of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor (HPC/SFT) and certain histological features might indicate a malignant potential, but the behavior of HPC/SFT is unpredictable. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a useful diagnostic device in that the ultrasonographic image can be viewed and the EBUS-transbronchial needle aspiration can obtain a biopsied sample. We herein report a patient undergoing multiple surgical resections of recurrent HPC/SFT. A 74-year-old man had undergone right upper lobectomy for HPC/SFT 15 years ago. He received a partial resection of the left lung and a resection of the anterior mediastinal mass for its recurrences 13 years and six years ago, respectively. He had also undergone surgery for gastric carcinoma two years ago. He then presented with a tumor measuring 3 x 4 cm in the subcarinal area. Preoperative EBUS revealed a tumor with abundant thin-walled vessel-like structures, which was consistent with HPC/SFT. The tumor was completely resected and was finally diagnosed as low-grade malignant HPC/SFT.

  5. Complex cellular composition of solitary fibrous tumor of the prostate.

    PubMed

    Gharaee-Kermani, Mehrnaz; Mehra, Rohit; Robinson, Dan R; Wei, John T; Macoska, Jill A

    2014-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the prostate are a rare type of spindle cell neoplasm that can demonstrate either a benign or malignant phenotype. SFTs represent a clinical challenge along with other spindle cell lesions of the prostate in terms of both diagnosis and treatment. The present study shows, for the first time, that SFTs of the prostate and other organs can comprise a mixed population of fibroblast, myofibroblast, and smooth muscle cell types. The highly proliferative component demonstrated a fibroblastic phenotype that readily underwent myofibroblast differentiation on exposure to profibrotic stimuli. Consistent with other recent studies, the prostatic SFTs demonstrated NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions that were also present in the fibroblast, myofibroblast, and smooth muscle cell types of the SFT. The results of these studies suggest that benign and malignant prostatic tumors of mesenchymal origin may be distinguished at the molecular and cellular levels, and that delineation of such defining characteristics may help elucidate the etiology and prognosis of such tumors.

  6. Recurrent Monostotic Fibrous Dysplasia in the Mandible.

    PubMed

    Alves, Nilton; de Oliveira, Reinaldo José; Takehana, Denise; Deana, Naira Figueiredo

    2016-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition in which normal bone marrow is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of new fibrous connective tissue. Female patient, white, 20 years old, attended the dental clinic reporting a slow increase in volume in the right mandible region over the last 5 years. She was examined by imaging: the panoramic X-ray revealed a lesion with the appearance of ground glass while the cone-beam computed tomography showed an extensive lesion in the region of the right hemimandible. The histopathological examination was compatible with fibrous dysplasia. Bone gammagraphy was indicated, plus an endocrinological study to eliminate polyostotic forms, which produced a negative result. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the right hemimandible was diagnosed. Conservative surgery was carried out and after 1 year recurrence of the tumour was observed. We may conclude that conservative surgery might not be the best choice for treatment for monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the mandible and that other options must be considered, such as radical surgery or the use of bisphosphonates. In our study, we may also conclude that it is very important to explain to the patient the possibility of recurrence of the lesion and the need for monitoring with periodic imaging studies. PMID:27340572

  7. Recurrent Monostotic Fibrous Dysplasia in the Mandible

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Reinaldo José; Takehana, Denise; Deana, Naira Figueiredo

    2016-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition in which normal bone marrow is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of new fibrous connective tissue. Female patient, white, 20 years old, attended the dental clinic reporting a slow increase in volume in the right mandible region over the last 5 years. She was examined by imaging: the panoramic X-ray revealed a lesion with the appearance of ground glass while the cone-beam computed tomography showed an extensive lesion in the region of the right hemimandible. The histopathological examination was compatible with fibrous dysplasia. Bone gammagraphy was indicated, plus an endocrinological study to eliminate polyostotic forms, which produced a negative result. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the right hemimandible was diagnosed. Conservative surgery was carried out and after 1 year recurrence of the tumour was observed. We may conclude that conservative surgery might not be the best choice for treatment for monostotic fibrous dysplasia in the mandible and that other options must be considered, such as radical surgery or the use of bisphosphonates. In our study, we may also conclude that it is very important to explain to the patient the possibility of recurrence of the lesion and the need for monitoring with periodic imaging studies. PMID:27340572

  8. Malignant hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Cantin, R Y; Poole, A; Ryan, J F

    1986-10-01

    The increasing use of intravenous and inhalation sedation in the dental office has the potential of increasing the incidence of malignant hyperthermia (MH) in susceptible subjects. The object of this article is to present two cases of MH and to discuss its pathophysiology, its clinical picture, and its management in the light of the current literature. Stringent screening procedures should be adopted and maintained in order to channel suspected cases to appropriate centers for expert consultation and management. It is further advocated that a program of education for patients and their families be instituted, as it is an essential prerequisite of effective prophylaxis. PMID:2946013

  9. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney with massive retroperitoneal recurrence. A case presentation.

    PubMed

    Sfoungaristos, S; Papatheodorou, M; Kavouras, A; Perimenis, P

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is an unusual spindle cell neoplasm that usually occurs in the pleura but has also been described in other sites. Renal presentation is rare and only 38 cases of SFT of the kidney have been described until now. Up to 90% of the tumors have benign characteristics. Local retroperitoneal recurrence is extremely rare. We report a case of a large malignant solitary fibrous tumor recurrence after the surgical excision of the primary tumor. Histological examination of the specimen confirmed the diagnosis by revealing highly positive reaction of the neoplasmatic cells for vimentin, CD34, bcl-2 and moderately positive for actin. The rate of Ki67 lied between 2-7%. No adjuvant therapy was given to the patient and he is disease-free with no imaging findings of recurrence or metastasis 9 months after the re-operation.

  10. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Orbit: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Genc, Ali; Toktas, Zafer; Azman, Coruh; Bozkurt, Suheyla Uyar; Kilic, Turker

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare, benign, spindle cell tumor that is most commonly found in the visceral pleura. The orbit is one of the most common extrapleural sites of occurrence. Though they can be seen in any age, they typically present in adults with proptosis as the prominent symptom. They show no significant gender predominance. Orbital solitary fibrous tumors routinely exhibit a benign course, but malignant forms with an increased propensity for local recurrence have been reported. Histopathologically, they share similar features with hemangiopericytoma, which is much more common. The diagnosis of SFT depends on the diffuse and intense positivity of CD34 staining by immunohistochemistry (14). Here, we report a case of SFT, which presented with proptosis and double vision on lateral gaze. We describe the clinical, radiographic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings. We also provide a discussion on its origin and differential diagnosis in the light of relevant literature.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor of the upper respiratory tract. A report of six cases.

    PubMed

    Witkin, G B; Rosai, J

    1991-09-01

    We report six cases of a neoplasm that arose in the upper respiratory tract and had a histological appearance indistinguishable from that of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFT, so-called fibrous mesothelioma). The patients were adults who presented with nasal obstruction. The lesions lacked the characteristic features of other recognized neoplasms that occur in this region. The tumor cells were immunoreactive for vimentin but not for keratin. The occurrence of SFT in this location further supports the argument that SFT is a tumor of mesenchymal and not mesothelial origin. None of the tumors in this series had the histologic features of malignancy described for SFT in other locations, and there was no aggressive behavior in limited follow-up. Until more cases of SFT in unusual locations have been studied, we recommend that the same criteria used for assessing aggressiveness in SFT of the pleura be applied to them.

  12. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Orbit: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Genc, Ali; Toktas, Zafer; Azman, Coruh; Bozkurt, Suheyla Uyar; Kilic, Turker

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare, benign, spindle cell tumor that is most commonly found in the visceral pleura. The orbit is one of the most common extrapleural sites of occurrence. Though they can be seen in any age, they typically present in adults with proptosis as the prominent symptom. They show no significant gender predominance. Orbital solitary fibrous tumors routinely exhibit a benign course, but malignant forms with an increased propensity for local recurrence have been reported. Histopathologically, they share similar features with hemangiopericytoma, which is much more common. The diagnosis of SFT depends on the diffuse and intense positivity of CD34 staining by immunohistochemistry (14). Here, we report a case of SFT, which presented with proptosis and double vision on lateral gaze. We describe the clinical, radiographic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings. We also provide a discussion on its origin and differential diagnosis in the light of relevant literature. PMID:26617156

  13. Effect of neutron irradiation and postradiation annealing on the microstructure and properties of an Al-Mg-Si alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksimkin, O. P.; Tsai, K. V.; Rofman, O. V.; Sil'nyagina, N. S.

    2016-09-01

    The effect of long-term neutron irradiation and postradiation thermal-induced aging on the microstructure and mechanical properties of an aluminum-based reactor Al-Mg-Si alloy grade SAV-1 has been studied. The material under study is the shell of an automatic fine-control rod used to control the reactivity of the core of a VVR-K research reactor. Successive 1-h annealings of specimens of the SAV-1 alloy irradiated to doses of 0.001 and 5 dpa in the temperature range of 100-550°C have been carried out. The evolution of the fine structure of the material and changes in its mechanical characteristics have been studied. The phenomenon of the acceleration of the aging of the SAV-1 alloy under the effect of a high neutron fluence at an irradiation temperature of 80°C has been observed, which involves the formation of numerous lineage (stitch) Guinier-Preston zones in the alloy. It has been shown that the strength characteristics of the SAV-1 alloy depend significantly on the degree of its radiation- and thermal-induced aging.

  14. A rare solitary fibrous tumour of kidney.

    PubMed

    Pathak, Tilak Bahadur; Nepal, Umesh

    2013-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumour is an unusual spindle cell neoplasm. It frequently arises from the serosal surface of pleural cavity but has recently been described in diverse extrapleural sites. Urogenital localization is rare and only 36 cases of solitary fibrous tumours of the kidney have been described on published report. We report a case of a large solitary fibrous tumour clinically and radiologically thought to be renal cell carcinoma arising in the kidney of a 30 year old female. The radical nephrectomy was performed. The tumour was a well- circumscribed, solid mass attached to the renal pelvis without necrosis and haemorrhage. Histopathologically, a spindle cell neoplasia with alternating hypo and hypercellular areas, storiform, fascicular and hemangipericytoma like growth pattern and less cellular dense collagen deposits were observed. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99 and Bcl-2 protein. PMID:24362666

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Sumiti; Verma, Renuka; Sen, Rajeev; Singh, Ishwar; Marwah, Nisha; Kohli, Rachneet

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm originating from the mesenchyme. It was originally thought to occur exclusively in the intrathoracic region but has been recently described in extrapleural sites including the orbit. SFT of the orbit is a rare lesion, which can be misdiagnosed as hemangiopericytoma, fibrous histiocytoma, meningioma, or neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry plays an important role. We report an orbital SFT in a 39-year-old female presented with painless, progressive proptosis, and diminished vision in the right eye for the duration of 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated well-defined enhancing mass lesion. The patient underwent complete tumor removal through a right fronto-orbital approach, and a pathological diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was made. Postoperatively, the patient was symptom-free. Clinical and pathological findings including immunohistochemistry are presented along with a brief discussion of literature. PMID:26889300

  16. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Sumiti; Verma, Renuka; Sen, Rajeev; Singh, Ishwar; Marwah, Nisha; Kohli, Rachneet

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm originating from the mesenchyme. It was originally thought to occur exclusively in the intrathoracic region but has been recently described in extrapleural sites including the orbit. SFT of the orbit is a rare lesion, which can be misdiagnosed as hemangiopericytoma, fibrous histiocytoma, meningioma, or neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry plays an important role. We report an orbital SFT in a 39-year-old female presented with painless, progressive proptosis, and diminished vision in the right eye for the duration of 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated well-defined enhancing mass lesion. The patient underwent complete tumor removal through a right fronto-orbital approach, and a pathological diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was made. Postoperatively, the patient was symptom-free. Clinical and pathological findings including immunohistochemistry are presented along with a brief discussion of literature.

  17. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Sumiti; Verma, Renuka; Sen, Rajeev; Singh, Ishwar; Marwah, Nisha; Kohli, Rachneet

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm originating from the mesenchyme. It was originally thought to occur exclusively in the intrathoracic region but has been recently described in extrapleural sites including the orbit. SFT of the orbit is a rare lesion, which can be misdiagnosed as hemangiopericytoma, fibrous histiocytoma, meningioma, or neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry plays an important role. We report an orbital SFT in a 39-year-old female presented with painless, progressive proptosis, and diminished vision in the right eye for the duration of 6 months. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated well-defined enhancing mass lesion. The patient underwent complete tumor removal through a right fronto-orbital approach, and a pathological diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was made. Postoperatively, the patient was symptom-free. Clinical and pathological findings including immunohistochemistry are presented along with a brief discussion of literature. PMID:26889300

  18. Malignant hyperthermia

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an uncommon, life-threatening pharmacogenetic disorder of the skeletal muscle. It presents as a hypermetabolic response in susceptible individuals to potent volatile anesthetics with/without depolarizing muscle relaxants; in rare cases, to stress from exertion or heat stress. Susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MHS) is inherited as an autosomally dominant trait with variable expression and incomplete penetrance. It is known that the pathophysiology of MH is related to an uncontrolled rise of myoplasmic calcium, which activates biochemical processes resulting in hypermetabolism of the skeletal muscle. In most cases, defects in the ryanodine receptor are responsible for the functional changes of calcium regulation in MH, and more than 300 mutations have been identified in the RYR1 gene, located on chromosome 19q13.1. The classic signs of MH include increase of end-tidal carbon dioxide, tachycardia, skeletal muscle rigidity, tachycardia, hyperthermia and acidosis. Up to now, muscle contracture test is regarded as the gold standard for the diagnosis of MHS though molecular genetic test is used, on a limited basis so far to diagnose MHS. The mortality of MH is dramatically decreased from 70-80% to less than 5%, due to an introduction of dantrolene sodium for treatment of MH, early detection of MH episode using capnography, and the introduction of diagnostic testing for MHS. This review summarizes the clinically essential and important knowledge of MH, and presents new developments in the field. PMID:23198031

  19. Maxillofacial fibrous dysplasia: a diagnostic challenge.

    PubMed

    Markov, Peter; Syed, Ali Zakir; Markova, Christiana; Mendes, Rui Amaral

    2016-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman presented for orthodontic treatment, with a chief symptom of a 'shifting bite' and concurrent facial asymmetry with aesthetic concerns. The patient had previously received treatment from several general dentists and several specialists, without accurate diagnosis. Radiological investigation coupled with biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. Proper diagnosis led to changes in the treatment plan and gave the patient realistic expectations about the options she had for the outcome of treatment. Prompt diagnosis by dental practitioners is critical to patient satisfaction and successful outcome; therefore, it is important to familiarise ourselves with the signs, symptoms and proper course of management of fibrous dysplasia. PMID:27358102

  20. Benign fibrous xanthoma of the parotid gland: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nilsen, R; Lind, O

    1978-11-01

    A fibrous xanthoma of the parotid gland is reported, the literature is reviewed with a discussion of the classification of such tumours. The present case is possibly the first report of a typical benign fibrous xanthoma of the parotid gland.

  1. Consolidation and densification methods for fibrous monolith processing

    SciTech Connect

    Sutaria, Manish P.; Rigali, Mark J.; Cipriani, Ronald A.; Artz, Gregory J.; Mulligan, Anthony C.

    2006-06-20

    Methods for consolidation and densification of fibrous monolith composite structures are provided. Consolidation and densification of two- and three-dimensional fibrous monolith components having complex geometries can be achieved by pressureless sintering. The fibrous monolith composites are formed from filaments having at least a first material composition generally surrounded by a second material composition. The composites are sintered at a pressure of no more than about 30 psi to provide consolidated and densified fibrous monolith composites.

  2. Malignant mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Ishtiaq; Ahmed Tipu, Salman; Ishtiaq, Sundas

    2013-01-01

    Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but rapidly fatal and aggressive tumor of the pleura and peritoneum with limited knowledge of its natural history. The incidence has increased in the past two decades but still it is a rare tumor. Etiology of all forms of mesothelioma is strongly associated with industrial pollutants, of which asbestos is the principal carcinogen. Mesothelioma is an insidious neoplasm arising from mesothelial surfaces i.e., pleura (65%-70%), peritoneum (30%), tunica vaginalis testis, and pericardium (1%-2%). The diagnosis of peritoneal and Pleural mesothelioma is often delayed, due to a long latent period between onset and symptoms and the common and nonspecific clinical presentation. The definite diagnosis can only be established by diagnostic laparoscopy or open surgery along with biopsy to obtain histological examination and immunocytochemical analysis. Different treatment options are available but Surgery can achieve a complete or incomplete resection and Radical resection is the preferred treatment. Chemotherapy has an important role in palliative treatment. Photodynamic therapy is also an option under trial. Patients who successfully underwent surgical resection had a considerably longer median survival as well as a significantly higher 5-year survival. Source of Data/Study Selection: The data were collected from case reports, cross-sectional studies, Open-label studies and phase –II trials between 1973-2012. Data Extraction: Web sites and other online resources of American college of surgeons, Medline, NCBI and Medscape resource centers were used to extract data. Conclusion: Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but rapidly fatal and aggressive tumor with limited knowledge of its natural history. The diagnosis of peritoneal and Pleural mesothelioma is often delayed, so level of index of suspicion must be kept high. PMID:24550969

  3. Solitary fibrous tumor of the meninges: a lesion distinct from fibrous meningioma. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study.

    PubMed

    Carneiro, S S; Scheithauer, B W; Nascimento, A G; Hirose, T; Davis, D H

    1996-08-01

    Seven solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the meninges are presented and their clinicopathologic features are compared with those of 64 fibrous meningiomas (FM). Patients with SFT included 5 females and 2 males age 47 to 73 years. The dura-based tumors involved the parasagittal region (1), tentorium (2), cerebellopontine angle (2), and spinal region (2). One each showed invasion of brain and of a spinal nerve root. Of four SFTs with at least 1-year follow-up, one subtotally resected example recurred. No tumors metastasized. All consisted of spindle cells disposed in fascicles between prominent, eosinophilic bands of collagen. Whorls and storiform cell arrangements were lacking. Mitoses ranged from 1 to 7/10 400 x fields. MIB-1 labeling indices ranged from 1% to 18% (mean 4%). All were PAS negative and showed strong immunoreactivity for vimentin and CD34. Of cases studied, half were estrogen and all were progesterone receptor immunopositive. The majority (72%) of FMs occurred in females and most (72%) were supratentorial. Recurrence was noted in 15%. Mitotic activity varied from 0 to 3 mitoses per 10 400 x fields (mean < 1). MIB-1 labeling indices ranged from 1% to 5% (mean 1.5%). Unlike SFT, FMs were glycogen-containing and variously exhibited a storiform pattern (13 of 20), psammoma body formation (9 of 20), and calcification of collagen (4 of 20). Immunoreactivities included vimentin (100%), focal to patchy EMA (80%), S-100 protein (80%), collagen IV (25%), and patchy, mild-to-moderate CD34 staining (60%). Of cases studied, nearly half were estrogen and all were progesterone receptor staining positive. Meningeal SFTs represent a distinct morphologic entity, the morphologic and immunohistochemical features of which differ from those of FM and suggest a histogenetic relationship to pleural SFT. Although a minority histologically appear to be low grade malignant, our limited experience suggests that they behave in a benign fashion. The classification of mesenchymal

  4. Postradiation imaging changes in the CNS: how can we differentiate between treatment effect and disease progression?

    PubMed Central

    Walker, Amanda J; Ruzevick, Jake; Malayeri, Ashkan A; Rigamonti, Daniele; Lim, Michael; Redmond, Kristin J; Kleinberg, Lawrence

    2015-01-01

    A familiar challenge for neuroradiologists and neuro-oncologists is differentiating between radiation treatment effect and disease progression in the CNS. Both entities are characterized by an increase in contrast enhancement on MRI and present with similar clinical signs and symptoms that may occur either in close temporal proximity to the treatment or later in the disease course. When radiation-related imaging changes or clinical deterioration are mistaken for disease progression, patients may be subject to unnecessary surgery and/or a change from otherwise effective therapy. Similarly, when disease progression is mistaken for treatment effect, a potentially ineffective therapy may be continued in the face of progressive disease. Here we describe the three types of radiation injury to the brain based on the time to development of signs and symptoms – acute, subacute and late – and then review specific imaging changes after intensity-modulated radiation therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery and brachytherapy. We provide an overview of these phenomena in the treatment of a wide range of malignant and benign CNS illnesses. Finally, we review the published data regarding imaging techniques under investigation to address this well-known problem. PMID:24947265

  5. Solitary fibrous tumour of the vagus nerve.

    PubMed

    Scholsem, Martin; Scholtes, Felix

    2012-04-01

    We describe the complete removal of a foramen magnum solitary fibrous tumour in a 36-year-old woman. It originated on a caudal vagus nerve rootlet, classically described as the 'cranial' accessory nerve root. This ninth case of immunohistologically confirmed cranial or spinal nerve SFT is the first of the vagus nerve.

  6. Solitary fibrous tumor of the vagina.

    PubMed

    Vadmal, M S; Pellegrini, A E

    2000-02-01

    We report of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the vagina and discuss the differential diagnosis. This is the first SFT documented, to our knowledge. SFTs should be included in the differential diagnosis of fibroblastic, myofibroblastic, and neural lesions of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and mucosa and can be distinguished from other spindle cell neoplasms at those sites.

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland.

    PubMed

    Papi, Giampaolo; Corrado, Stefania; Uberti, Ettore Degli; Roti, Elio

    2007-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle-cell neoplasm more commonly involving the pleura, but recognized also in other tissues. Nineteen patients with SFT arising from the thyroid gland have been reported in the literature. The present report reviews these cases and discusses epidemiology, etio-pathogenesis, clinical-pathologic characteristics, differential diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of thyroid SFT.

  8. Research priorities for advanced fibrous composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baumann, K. J.; Swedlow, J. L.

    1981-01-01

    Priorities for research in advanced laminated fibrous composite materials are presented. Supporting evidence is presented in two bodies, including a general literature survey and a survey of aerospace composite hardware and service experience. Both surveys were undertaken during 1977-1979. Specific results and conclusions indicate that a significant portion of contemporary published research diverges from recommended priorites.

  9. Development of oxide fibrous monolith systems.

    SciTech Connect

    Goretta, K. C.

    1999-03-02

    Fibrous monolithic ceramics generally have a cellular structure that consists of a strong cell surrounded by a weaker boundary phase [1-5]. Fibrous monoliths (FMs) are produced from powders by conventional ceramic fabrication techniques, such as extrusion [1,2]. When properly engineered, they exhibit fail gracefully [3-5]. Several compositions of ceramics and cermets have been processed successfully in fibrous monolithic form [4]. The most thoroughly investigated fibrous monolith consists of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} cells and a BN cell-boundary phase [3-5]. Through appropriate selection of initial powders and extrusion and hot-pressing parameters, very tough final products have been produced. The resultant high toughness is due primarily to delamination during fracture along textured platelike BN grains. The primary objectives of our program are to develop: (1) Oxide-based FMs, including new systems with improved properties; (2) FMs that can be pressureless sintered rather than hot-pressed; (3) Techniques for continuous extrusion of FM filaments, including solid freeform fabrication (SFF) for net-shape fabrication of FMs; (4) Predictive micromechanical models for FM design and performance; and (5) Ties with industrial producers and users of FMs.

  10. Steam Reformer With Fibrous Catalytic Combustor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voecks, Gerald E.

    1987-01-01

    Proposed steam-reforming reactor derives heat from internal combustion on fibrous catalyst. Supplies of fuel and air to combustor controlled to meet demand for heat for steam-reforming reaction. Enables use of less expensive reactor-tube material by limiting temperature to value safe for material yet not so low as to reduce reactor efficiency.

  11. Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes for Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT): A Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    DeVito, Nicholas; Henderson, Evita; Han, Gang; Reed, Damon; Bui, Marilyn M; Lavey, Robert; Robinson, Lary; Zager, Jonathan S; Gonzalez, Ricardo J; Sondak, Vernon K; Letson, G Douglas; Conley, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm of fibrous origin. The 2013 WHO classification of soft tissue tumors defines malignant forms as hypercellular, mitotically active (>4 mitosis/10 high-power fields), with cytological atypia, tumor necrosis, and/or infiltrative margins. With an IRB-approved protocol, we investigated patient records and clinicopathologic data from our Sarcoma Database to describe the clinical characteristics of both benign and malignant SFT. All pathology specimens were reviewed by two pathologists. Descriptive statistics and univariate/multivariate survival analysis were performed. Patient records and Social Security Death Index were used to evaluate vital status. Of 82 patients, 47 (57%) were women and 73 (89%) were Caucasian. Median age was 62 years (range, 20 to 89). Thirty-two (39%) patients succumbed to the disease. Primary tumor site was lung/pleura in 28 (34%), abdomen/pelvis in 23 (28%), extremity in 13 (16%), and head/neck in 9 (11%) patients. Pathology was described as benign in 42 (51%) and malignant in 40 (49%) patients. Compared to benign SFT, malignant histology is associated with larger tumor size, higher mitotic counts, metastatic disease at diagnosis, and greater use of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Gender, age, and tumor site were not significantly different between benign and malignant subtypes. By univariate analysis, only benign vs. malignant variant and complete resection positively impacted overall survival (P = 0.02 and P<0.0001, respectively). In the multivariable analysis of overall survival, receiving chemotherapy or not receiving surgery were two variables significantly associated with higher failure rate in overall survival: patients with chemotherapy vs. no chemotherapy (P = 0.003, HR = 4.55, with 95% CI: 1.68-12.34) and patients without surgery vs. with surgery (P = 0.005, HR = 25.49, with 95% CI: 2.62-247.57). Clear survival differences exist between benign and malignant SFT. While surgery

  12. Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes for Solitary Fibrous Tumor (SFT): A Single Center Experience.

    PubMed

    DeVito, Nicholas; Henderson, Evita; Han, Gang; Reed, Damon; Bui, Marilyn M; Lavey, Robert; Robinson, Lary; Zager, Jonathan S; Gonzalez, Ricardo J; Sondak, Vernon K; Letson, G Douglas; Conley, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm of fibrous origin. The 2013 WHO classification of soft tissue tumors defines malignant forms as hypercellular, mitotically active (>4 mitosis/10 high-power fields), with cytological atypia, tumor necrosis, and/or infiltrative margins. With an IRB-approved protocol, we investigated patient records and clinicopathologic data from our Sarcoma Database to describe the clinical characteristics of both benign and malignant SFT. All pathology specimens were reviewed by two pathologists. Descriptive statistics and univariate/multivariate survival analysis were performed. Patient records and Social Security Death Index were used to evaluate vital status. Of 82 patients, 47 (57%) were women and 73 (89%) were Caucasian. Median age was 62 years (range, 20 to 89). Thirty-two (39%) patients succumbed to the disease. Primary tumor site was lung/pleura in 28 (34%), abdomen/pelvis in 23 (28%), extremity in 13 (16%), and head/neck in 9 (11%) patients. Pathology was described as benign in 42 (51%) and malignant in 40 (49%) patients. Compared to benign SFT, malignant histology is associated with larger tumor size, higher mitotic counts, metastatic disease at diagnosis, and greater use of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Gender, age, and tumor site were not significantly different between benign and malignant subtypes. By univariate analysis, only benign vs. malignant variant and complete resection positively impacted overall survival (P = 0.02 and P<0.0001, respectively). In the multivariable analysis of overall survival, receiving chemotherapy or not receiving surgery were two variables significantly associated with higher failure rate in overall survival: patients with chemotherapy vs. no chemotherapy (P = 0.003, HR = 4.55, with 95% CI: 1.68-12.34) and patients without surgery vs. with surgery (P = 0.005, HR = 25.49, with 95% CI: 2.62-247.57). Clear survival differences exist between benign and malignant SFT. While surgery

  13. Fibrocartilaginous Dysplasia of the Bone: A Rare Variant of Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Vaishya, Raju; Gupta, Nishint; Vijay, Vipul

    2016-01-01

    Fibrocartilaginous dysplasia (FCD) is a rare variant of fibrous dysplasia (FD) which frequently involves the long bones, and the proximal femur is the most commonly affected site. This benign, lytic, and expansile bone lesion causes progressive deformity in the bones and may lead to pathological fracture. Radiologically, this lesion may mimic cartilaginous benign and malignant bone tumors. Therefore, histopathological differentiation of FCD from other cartilaginous tumors is of the utmost importance. The treatment is often surgical, in the form of curettage and bone grafting or corrective osteotomy, to treat progressive deformity in the long bones. The risk of pathological fracture is high in FCD with bony deformity and often requires surgery. PMID:26918216

  14. [Pleural solitary fibrous tumor from diaphragm, being suspected of liver invasion; report of a case].

    PubMed

    Kita, Yusuke

    2012-04-01

    We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) from diaphragmatic pleura. A 71-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. A preoperative imaging study revealed a mass on her right diaphragm. At thoracoscopic exploration, the tumor was found to originate from diaphragm and was suspected of liver invasion. The conversion to open thoracotomy was introduced to perform appropriate surgical procedure. Pathological examination revealed proliferation of spindle cells and collagen fibers. Immuno-histochemical findings showed positive immunostaining for cell differentiation (CD) 34 and vimentin. The tumor was diagnosed as SFT with malignant potential.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor arising slowly in the vulva over 10 years: case report and review.

    PubMed

    Taki, Mana; Baba, Tsukasa; Mandai, Masaki; Suzuki, Ayako; Mikami, Yoshiki; Matsumura, Noriomi; Konishi, Ikuo

    2012-05-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), which was first described as a pleural lesion by Klemperer and Rabin in 1931, is a rare, slow-growing neoplasm characterized by the proliferation of fibroblast-like spindle cells arranged in a patternless manner with few nuclear atypia. Extrathoracic SFT have increasingly been recognized, but those in the genital tract are extremely rare. Gynecological SFT behave as tumors with low malignant potential to recur, metastasize, or affect nearby organs resulting in infertility. We report a case of vulvar SFT slowly growing for 10 years, and propose a strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of gynecological SFT.

  16. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: Possibly recurrent in the long-run].

    PubMed

    Rougeot, A; Barnoud, R; Ferri, J; Béziat, J-L

    2013-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare etiology of progressive unilateral exophthalmia. The tumor is of mesenchymal origin and it is usually well defined. But recurrences can occur despite of complete surgical resection. Metastases have been observed. Tumors of the SFT spectrum are considered as benign or low-grade malignant. Histological features do not currently allow any prognosis. The most important prognostic factor is complete surgical resection. Craniofacial approaches provide a good view of the tumor extensions and orbital contents. Recurrent tumors must be surgically removed when possible. Complementary treatments have not proved effective. A very long-term follow-up is mandatory.

  17. Solitary fibrous tumor arising in the mons pubis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lee, D H

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic origin that mainly arise from the pleura. Although SFTs arising at numerous extrapleural locations have been reported, extrapleural soft tissue SFTs are extremely rare. The diagnosis of SFTs is based on histologic findings. However, given the histological variability of SFTs, immunohistochemical examination becomes important in their diagnosis. Complete surgical resection is the only and a very important prognostic factor and is recommended for the treatment of both benign and malignant SFTs with a curative intent. Here, the author reports what he believes to be the first case of an SFT originating in the mons pubis.

  18. Solitary fibrous tumor arising in the mons pubis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lee, D H

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic origin that mainly arise from the pleura. Although SFTs arising at numerous extrapleural locations have been reported, extrapleural soft tissue SFTs are extremely rare. The diagnosis of SFTs is based on histologic findings. However, given the histological variability of SFTs, immunohistochemical examination becomes important in their diagnosis. Complete surgical resection is the only and a very important prognostic factor and is recommended for the treatment of both benign and malignant SFTs with a curative intent. Here, the author reports what he believes to be the first case of an SFT originating in the mons pubis. PMID:27352579

  19. [Malignant hyperthermia].

    PubMed

    Metterlein, T; Schuster, F; Graf, B M; Anetseder, M

    2014-12-01

    Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare hereditary, mostly subclinical myopathy. Trigger substances, such as volatile anesthetic agents and the depolarizing muscle relaxant succinylcholine can induce a potentially fatal metabolic increase in predisposed patients caused by a dysregulation of the myoplasmic calcium (Ca) concentration. Mutations in the dihydropyridine ryanodine receptor complex in combination with the trigger substances are responsible for an uncontrolled release of Ca from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. This leads to activation of the contractile apparatus and a massive increase in cellular energy production. Exhaustion of the cellular energy reserves ultimately results in local muscle cell destruction and subsequent cardiovascular failure. The clinical picture of MH episodes is very variable. Early symptoms are hypoxia, hypercapnia and cardiac arrhythmia whereas the body temperature rise, after which MH is named, often occurs later. Decisive for the course of MH episodes is a timely targeted therapy. Following introduction of the hydantoin derivative dantrolene, the previously high mortality of fulminant MH episodes could be reduced to well under 10 %. An MH predisposition can be detected using the invasive in vitro contracture test (IVCT) or mutation analysis. Few elaborate diagnostic procedures are in the developmental stage. PMID:25384957

  20. Low-grade central osteosarcoma of distal femur, resembling fibrous dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Vasiliadis, Haris S; Arnaoutoglou, Christina; Plakoutsis, Sotiris; Doukas, Michalis; Batistatou, Anna; Xenakis, Theodoros A

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a 32 year-old male, admitted for a lytic lesion of the distal femur. One month after the first X-ray, clinical and imaging deterioration was evident. Open biopsy revealed fibrous dysplasia. Three months later, the lytic lesion had spread to the whole distal third of the femur reaching the articular cartilage. The malignant clinical and imaging features necessitated excision of the lesion and reconstruction with a custom-made total knee arthroplasty. Intra-operatively, no obvious soft tissue infiltration was evident. Nevertheless, an excision of the distal 15.5 cm of the femur including 3.0 cm of the surrounding muscles was finally performed. The histological examination of the excised specimen revealed central low-grade osteosarcoma. Based on the morphological features of the excised tumor, allied to the clinical findings, the diagnosis of low-grade central osteosarcoma was finally made although characters of a fibrous dysplasia were apparent. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is a rare, well-differentiated sub-type of osteosarcoma, with clinical, imaging, and histological features similar to benign tumours. Thus, initial misdiagnosis is usual with the condition commonly mistaken for fibrous dysplasia. Central low-grade osteosarcoma is usually treated with surgery alone, with rare cases of distal metastases. However, regional recurrence is quite frequent after close margin excision. PMID:24147271

  1. Nature and extent of the exposure to fibrous amphiboles in Biancavilla.

    PubMed

    Bruni, B M; Pacella, A; MazziottiTagliani, S; Gianfagna, A; Paoletti, L

    2006-10-15

    An epidemiological and environmental study in the Biancavilla area (Sicily, Italy) was recently prompted by an impressively high incidence of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Epidemiology suggested an environmental contamination by amphibole fibres rather than risks related to a specific occupational activity. The aim of this study is to describe the diffusion of fibrous amphiboles in the area and identify their source. Fibrous amphiboles were found in the products from the local quarries, which had been used for years to build houses. After sampling all around Biancavilla, three sites were detected and they were characterized by an abundant presence of mineral fibres. Fibrous amphiboles were also recovered from building materials (mortar and plasters) and airborne particulates sampled in urban sites with high dust emissions due mainly to unpaved roads. Moreover, amphibole fibres were detected in the lung tissue of a woman who died of pleural mesothelioma. The results of this study suggest that the amphibole fibre diffusion in the Biancavilla environment lasted for many years and had been maximum during the sixties and the seventies with the uncontrolled development of the local building industry. Today, the environmental situation results to be changed following both the closing of the stone quarries and the urbanization works after 2001, above all the asphalting of dusty roads. Anyway sporadic mesothelioma cases have still to be expected in the next years.

  2. A case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the palatine tonsil.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Takeharu; Kodama, Kozue; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro; Gotsu, Kazuo; Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kusaka, Gen; Iino, Yukiko

    2015-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs.

  3. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lower Leg: A Rare and Difficult Diagnosis.

    PubMed

    D'Arpa, Salvatore; Rossi, Matteo; Montesano, Luigi; Florena, Ada Maria; Moschella, Francesco; Cordova, Adriana

    2015-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that commonly originates in the pleura. Extrapleural locations are rare and for this reason sometimes difficult to diagnose. Malignant forms with local recurrence or distant metastases have been reported, also as a consequence of inappropriate treatment. In this article, we report the case of an SFT of the lower leg in a 37-year-old man. Leg SFT is a rare occurrence, and differential diagnosis may be difficult because they can mimic a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors; immunohistochemical analysis for CD34, CD99, vimentin, and Bcl-2 is necessary. Misdiagnosis carries a significant risk of inadequate removal with subsequent increased risk of recurrence and distant metastases.

  4. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Lower Leg: A Rare and Difficult Diagnosis.

    PubMed

    D'Arpa, Salvatore; Rossi, Matteo; Montesano, Luigi; Florena, Ada Maria; Moschella, Francesco; Cordova, Adriana

    2015-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm that commonly originates in the pleura. Extrapleural locations are rare and for this reason sometimes difficult to diagnose. Malignant forms with local recurrence or distant metastases have been reported, also as a consequence of inappropriate treatment. In this article, we report the case of an SFT of the lower leg in a 37-year-old man. Leg SFT is a rare occurrence, and differential diagnosis may be difficult because they can mimic a variety of benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors; immunohistochemical analysis for CD34, CD99, vimentin, and Bcl-2 is necessary. Misdiagnosis carries a significant risk of inadequate removal with subsequent increased risk of recurrence and distant metastases. PMID:26579334

  5. A case of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the palatine tonsil.

    PubMed

    Kanazawa, Takeharu; Kodama, Kozue; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro; Gotsu, Kazuo; Shinnabe, Akihiro; Hasegawa, Masayo; Kusaka, Gen; Iino, Yukiko

    2015-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinctive, relatively uncommon soft-tissue neoplasm that usually arises from the pleura. It occurs at various sites; head and neck lesions are very rare. While most of these tumors have a benign course, a small number have malignant potential. We describe a rare case of SFT arising from the left palatine tonsil in a 66-year-old Japanese woman. The mass was completely resected. Immunohistochemical studies were strongly positive for CD34 and bcl-2, mildly positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and negative for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and p53. These findings suggested that this tumor was benign. The patient showed no evidence of recurrence during 2 years of follow-up. We believe that the candidate prognostic marker should be checked to distinguish malignant from benign SFTs. PMID:25738718

  6. Integrally calcified solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Maki, Takehiro; Fujino, Syotaro; Misu, Kenjiro; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Inomata, Hitoshi; Omi, Makoto; Tateno, Masatoshi; Nihei, Kazuyoshi

    2016-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare stromal neoplasm and usually occurs in the thoracic cavity. We here report a case of retroperitoneal SFT with prominent calcification. A 64-year-old man presented with an incidentally detected retroperitoneal mass in the right upper abdomen. Imaging tests indicated an integrally calcified mass. The lesion was observed for 2 years and laparoscopically resected according to the patient's wish. Microscopically, the mass was mostly occupied by calcification and proliferous spindle cells were scattered with positive CD34 expression. We diagnosed morphologically benign SFT and the patient remained disease-free 1 year after the excision. There has been no report of such integrally calcified SFT. Retroperitoneal SFT is difficult to make a preoperative diagnosis, and careful follow-up after the excision is recommended because morphological malignancy does not always correspond to clinical malignancy. PMID:26943690

  7. Integrally calcified solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Maki, Takehiro; Fujino, Syotaro; Misu, Kenjiro; Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Inomata, Hitoshi; Omi, Makoto; Tateno, Masatoshi; Nihei, Kazuyoshi

    2016-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare stromal neoplasm and usually occurs in the thoracic cavity. We here report a case of retroperitoneal SFT with prominent calcification. A 64-year-old man presented with an incidentally detected retroperitoneal mass in the right upper abdomen. Imaging tests indicated an integrally calcified mass. The lesion was observed for 2 years and laparoscopically resected according to the patient's wish. Microscopically, the mass was mostly occupied by calcification and proliferous spindle cells were scattered with positive CD34 expression. We diagnosed morphologically benign SFT and the patient remained disease-free 1 year after the excision. There has been no report of such integrally calcified SFT. Retroperitoneal SFT is difficult to make a preoperative diagnosis, and careful follow-up after the excision is recommended because morphological malignancy does not always correspond to clinical malignancy.

  8. [Successful operation on giant solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura].

    PubMed

    Harada, T; Nakayama, K; Kitano, T; Sakaguchi, H

    1997-11-01

    A 68-year-old man began complaining of dizziness and dyspnea on exertion 2 months ago. Chest X-ray and CT scan taken on admission revealed a giant tumor occupying almost all of the right thoracic cavity. The mediastinum, especially RA and IVC, was markedly oppressed and shifted by the tumor. MRI showed no invasive lesions of the tumor into adjacent organs. An operation was performed under the tentative diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura by transcutaneous needle biopsy. The tumor was encapsulated and resected from the lower lobe of the right lung using a surgical stapler. Then the tumor was carefully dissected from the chest wall, pericardium and diaphragma, and removed completely. It weighed 3920 g and measured 22 x 20 x 20 cm. Various immunohistochemical properties of the specimen were morphologically compatible with SFT. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient is now free of complaints. Because malignant cases of SFT have been reported a careful follow-up will be performed.

  9. Hepatic solitary fibrous tumor: report of a rare case.

    PubMed

    Patra, Sushma; Vij, Mukul; Venugopal, K; Rela, Mohamed

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver is an extremely rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. In the English literature, less than 40 cases of SFTs of the liver have been reported. The present case concerns a 34-year-old female who presented to us with complaint of dyspepsia. On examination, there was hepatomegaly. On ultrasound examination, an SOL in the liver was detected. Large tumor measuring 14.5 × 10 × 8 cm was resected. Microscopic evaluation of the tumor showed a well-circumscribed, low to moderately cellular tumor demonstrating spindle- and fibroblast-like cells within the collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry revealed diffuse strong cytoplasmic immunopositivity of CD34, Bcl2, and vimentin. A diagnosis of a benign SFT was given. The patient remained well 4 years after surgery. SFT is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that occasionally involves the liver in adult patients. Most SFTs are benign, but some may have malignant histological features. With less than 40 reported cases in the literature, little can be said regarding its natural history or the benefits of adjuvant radio chemotherapy. Complete surgical resection remains the cornerstone of its treatment.

  10. [Solitary Fibrous Tumors of the Nasal and Paranasal Sinuses].

    PubMed

    Minami, Kazuhiko; Kuba, Kiyomi; Matsumura, Satoko; Hayashi, Takahiro; Nakahira, Mitsuhiko; Sugasawa, Masashi; Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Takayanagi, Natsuko

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are uncommon neoplasm that arises in most cases from the pleura. SFT has been rarely observed in the head and neck, but SFT of the paranasal sinuses is especially rare, with 39 previously reported cases to date including those reported in this abstract. Herein we describe three cases of SFT in the paranasal sinuses that were successfully treated endoscopically. Two of the three cases involved patients with no previous history of SFT. The lesion of one of the patients was pathologically diagnosed as SFT preoperatively, but the other was diagnosed as an angiogenic tumor without any biopsies. The tumors were completely resected after arterial embolization by a transnasal endoscopic procedure. The third case involved a 43-year old man, who had undergone medial maxillectomy through a lateral rhinotomy incision to resect SFT four years and seven months before. The tumor relapsed intracranially and, therefore, a craniotomy procedure followed by endoscopic skull base surgery was performed. Radiation therapy was performed postoperatively because the recurrent tumor was pathologically identified as malignant SFT, which had been classified benign at the time of the first resection. All three patients are presently alive with no evidence of disease. PMID:26427128

  11. [Solitary Fibrous Tumors of the Nasal and Paranasal Sinuses].

    PubMed

    Minami, Kazuhiko; Kuba, Kiyomi; Matsumura, Satoko; Hayashi, Takahiro; Nakahira, Mitsuhiko; Sugasawa, Masashi; Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Takayanagi, Natsuko

    2015-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are uncommon neoplasm that arises in most cases from the pleura. SFT has been rarely observed in the head and neck, but SFT of the paranasal sinuses is especially rare, with 39 previously reported cases to date including those reported in this abstract. Herein we describe three cases of SFT in the paranasal sinuses that were successfully treated endoscopically. Two of the three cases involved patients with no previous history of SFT. The lesion of one of the patients was pathologically diagnosed as SFT preoperatively, but the other was diagnosed as an angiogenic tumor without any biopsies. The tumors were completely resected after arterial embolization by a transnasal endoscopic procedure. The third case involved a 43-year old man, who had undergone medial maxillectomy through a lateral rhinotomy incision to resect SFT four years and seven months before. The tumor relapsed intracranially and, therefore, a craniotomy procedure followed by endoscopic skull base surgery was performed. Radiation therapy was performed postoperatively because the recurrent tumor was pathologically identified as malignant SFT, which had been classified benign at the time of the first resection. All three patients are presently alive with no evidence of disease.

  12. CELLULAR FIBROUS DERMATOFIBROMA OF THE SOLE.

    PubMed

    Wollina, U; Schönlebe, J; Nowak, A

    2016-07-01

    Cellular fibrous dermatofibroma is a rare variant of dermatofibroma/histiocytoma. We present a 61 years old female with a slow-growing, firm tumor on the sole of her right foot. The tumor was removed by slow Mohs surgery within 2 cm negative margin. Histopathologic investigation revealed a nodular encapsulated tumor composed of spindle and some epithelioid cells in a storiform growth pattern. Minimal mitotic activity was reported, however without evidence of atypical mitoses. Tumor cells expressed CD10, focally smooth muscle antigen and desmin, but remained negative for S100 protein and CD34. The diagnosis of cellular fibrous dermatofibroma was confirmed. The defect was closed by full thickness skin graft. PMID:27661268

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Ing, E B; Kennerdell, J S; Olson, P R; Ogino, S; Rothfus, W E

    1998-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the orbit is a very rare lesion that may be misdiagnosed as fibrous histiocytoma, hemangiopericytoma, or other orbital tumors. We present a 62-year-old man who presented with painless proptosis, 20 years following left eye enucleation for a presumed neurofibroma. On T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a hypointense tumor almost filled his entire left orbit. There was no intracranial extension. The specimen obtained at orbital exenteration was consistent with the histologic, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic findings of SFT. The tumor was positive for vimentin and CD34 staining but negative for S-100 protein and epithelial membrane antigen. Only nine other cases of SFT of the orbit have been documented in the literature. Recognition of SFT of the orbit as a distinct pathologic entity and further follow-up of published cases are needed to determine the prognosis of this rare lesion.

  14. Protease-degradable electrospun fibrous hydrogels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wade, Ryan J.; Bassin, Ethan J.; Rodell, Christopher B.; Burdick, Jason A.

    2015-03-01

    Electrospun nanofibres are promising in biomedical applications to replicate features of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, nearly all electrospun scaffolds are either non-degradable or degrade hydrolytically, whereas natural ECM degrades proteolytically, often through matrix metalloproteinases. Here we synthesize reactive macromers that contain protease-cleavable and fluorescent peptides and are able to form both isotropic hydrogels and electrospun fibrous hydrogels through a photoinitiated polymerization. These biomimetic scaffolds are susceptible to protease-mediated cleavage in vitro in a protease dose-dependent manner and in vivo in a subcutaneous mouse model using transdermal fluorescent imaging to monitor degradation. Importantly, materials containing an alternate and non-protease-cleavable peptide sequence are stable in both in vitro and in vivo settings. To illustrate the specificity in degradation, scaffolds with mixed fibre populations support selective fibre degradation based on individual fibre degradability. Overall, this represents a novel biomimetic approach to generate protease-sensitive fibrous scaffolds for biomedical applications.

  15. First description of Phanerozoic radiaxial fibrous dolomite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richter, D. K.; Heinrich, F.; Geske, A.; Neuser, R. D.; Gies, H.; Immenhauser, A.

    2014-05-01

    The petrographic analysis and crystallographic analysis of concretionary carbonate cements ("coal balls") from Carboniferous paralic swamp deposits reveal the presence of (length fast) radiaxial fibrous dolomite (RFD), a fabric not previously reported from the Phanerozoic. This finding is of significance as earlier reports of Phanerozoic radiaxial fibrous carbonates are exclusively of calcite mineralogy. Dolomite concretions described here formed beneath marine transgressive intervals within palustrine coal seams. This is of significance as seawater was arguably the main source of Mg2 + ions for dolomite formation. Here, data from optical microscopy, cathodoluminescence, electron backscattered diffraction, X-ray diffraction and geochemical analyses are presented to characterize three paragenetic dolomite phases and one calcite phase in these concretions. The main focus is on the earliest diagenetic, non-stoichiometric (degree of order: 0.41-0.46) phase I, characterized by botryoidal dolomite constructed of fibres up to 110 μm wide with a systematic undulatory extinction and converging crystal axes. Petrographic and crystallographic evidence clearly qualifies phase I dolomite as radiaxial fibrous. Conversely, fascicular optical fabrics were not found. Carbon-isotope ratios (δ13C) are depleted (between - 11.8 and - 22.1‰) as expected for carbonate precipitation from marine pore-fluids in organic-matter-rich, paralic sediment. Oxygen isotope (δ18O) ratios range between - 1.3 and - 6.0‰. The earliest diagenetic nature of these cements is documented by the presence of ubiquitous, non-compacted fossil plant remains encased in phase I dolomite as well as by the complex zoned luminescence patterns in the crystals and is supported by crystallographic and thermodynamic considerations. It is argued that organic matter, and specifically carboxyl groups, reduced thermodynamic barriers for dolomite formation and facilitated Mg/CaCO3 precipitation. The data shown here

  16. Chromosomal aberrations in oral solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Manor, Esther; Bodner, Lipa

    2007-04-15

    The results of cytogenetic analysis of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the oral cavity in a 43-year-old man is reported. The abnormal cells carried a complex translocation with the karyotype 46,XY [15 cells]/46,XYt(1;17;18)(p13;q11.2;q21)[5 cells]. This is the first case reporting chromosomal aberrations in an oral SFT.

  17. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Tritschler, P; Coulier, B; Gielen, I

    2014-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an unusual spindle cell neoplasm rarely described in the kidney. Usually occurring in the pleura, it has also been described in various extrapleural sites. We report a rare case of SFT of the kidney fortuitously found in a 55-year-old patient. The imaging features are illustrated. The definite diagnosis was made through histological and immunohistochemical study after radical nephrectomy.

  18. Solitary fibrous tumour of the tongue.

    PubMed

    Piattelli, A; Fioroni, M; Rubini, C

    1998-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a neoplasm most often localised in the pleura and peritoneum. The tumour is composed of spindled fibroblastic cells arranged in a haphazard way. Recently SFT has been described in many locations. Only one case of oral SFT has been described in the cheek: this is the second case of an oral SFT located in the tongue. The differential diagnosis must be made from many soft tissue tumours. SFTs stain strongly, in almost all cases, for CD34.

  19. Cervical intra-/extramedullary solitary fibrous tumour.

    PubMed

    Ogungbo, B; Prakash, S; Kulkarni, G; Bradey, N; Marks, S M; Scoones, D

    2005-06-01

    A 53-year-old man presented with a 9-month history of symptoms of right-sided weakness, tingling and hypersentivity to clothes on both sides of the body. MRI revealed a large intraspinal intradural tumour at the level of C3-C4 in the cervical cord. The final histology was a solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) of the cervical spinal cord. The radiological diagnosis, surgical management and histology are reviewed.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pelvis.

    PubMed

    Wat, Shiu Yan J; Sur, Monalisa; Dhamanaskar, Kavita

    2008-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are well recognized in the pleura, but their occurrence at other sites has only become appreciated in recent years, as a consequence of which extrapleural examples often go unrecognized and misdiagnosed. Because of their rarity, overall experience concerning this tumor has not been significant and reports detailing radiological findings are few. We herein report an unusual case of a large retroperitoneal pelvic SFT with features of high vascularity negating successful surgical resection.

  1. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia with Raynaud's phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Kumar, K V S Hari; Aravinda, K; Narayanan, K

    2015-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone disorder characterized by alteration in bone morphology. Monostotic FD is the commonest variant and affects the craniofacial bones. Raynaud's phenomenon is recurrent vasospasm of the fingers and toes due to cold exposure. The disease is usually idiopathic or secondary to connective tissue disorders. Raynaud's phenomenon is not described previously with FD. We recently encountered two interesting patients of craniofacial monostotic FD with Raynaud's phenomenon and report the same in this report.

  2. Fibrous zinc anodes for high power batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X. Gregory

    This paper introduces newly developed solid zinc anodes using fibrous material for high power applications in alkaline and large size zinc-air battery systems. The improved performance of the anodes in these two battery systems is demonstrated. The possibilities for control of electrode porosity and for anode/battery design using fibrous materials are discussed in light of experimental data. Because of its mechanical integrity and connectivity, the fibrous solid anode has good electrical conductivity, mechanical stability, and design flexibility for controlling mass distribution, porosity and effective surface area. Experimental data indicated that alkaline cells made of such anodes can have a larger capacity at high discharging currents than commercially available cells. It showed even greater improvement over commercial cells with a non-conventional cell design. Large capacity anodes for a zinc-air battery have also been made and have shown excellent material utilization at various discharge rates. The zinc-air battery was used to power an electric bicycle and demonstrated good results.

  3. Permeability of Rigid Fibrous Refractory Insulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marschall, J.; Milos, F. S.; Rasky, Daniel J. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Rigid fibrous refractory insulations (TPS tiles) are integral components of many spacecraft thermal protection systems. These materials are composed of refractory fibers With diameters on the order of 1 to 15 micrometers. They are lightweight and have an open, highly porous microstructure. Typical densities are less than 500 kilograms per cubic meters, and porosities generally exceed 0.8. Because of their open porosity, these materials are permeable to gas glow. There are numerous instances in which internal gas transport in a thermal protection system could be important; examples include the penetration of hot boundary-layer gases into the insulation, the flow of decomposition (pyrolysis) products from the interior, the use of convective flows to mitigate ice formation caused by cryopumping, and the design of refractory vents for pressure equilibration during atmospheric entry. Computational analysis of gas flow through porous media requires values of permeability which have not previously been available for the rigid fibrous insulations used in thermal protection systems. This paper will document measurements of permeability for a variety of insulations from NASA's LI, FRCI, and AETB families of lightweight ceramic ablators. The directional anisotropy of permeability and its dependence on gas pressure and material density will be presented. It will be shown that rarified-flow effects are significant in the flow through such materials. Connections will be drawn between the insulation microstructure and permeability. The paper will also include representative computations of flow through rigid fibrous insulations.

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Debs, Tarek; Kassir, Radwan; Amor, Imed Ben; Martini, Francesco; Iannelli, Antonio; Gugenheim, Jean

    2014-12-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. 59 cases have been reported in the literature. We report 2 patients who presented with a hepatic solitary fibrous tumor. The first case is a 65-year-old man who presented with an accidental finding of a large mass in the left liver. Biopsy revealed an SFT and left hepatectomy was performed. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology. The second case is an 87-year-old woman who presented with disturbances in her liver function tests. A Computed Tomography (CT) scan showed a large mass in the right liver. Surgery was contraindicated because of the patient's poor general condition. A biopsy was done and SFT was diagnosed histopathologically. SFT are usually benign but the risk of malignant transformation always exists, which mandates surgical resection as the optimal management of these tumors. However, because of the small sample size and the rarity of the entity, it is difficult to define the evolution, the risk factors and the malignant potential of these tumors.

  5. [Large solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura as incidental finding. 2 case reports of a rare tumor entity].

    PubMed

    Schwab, R; Schneider, C; Junge, K; Stumpf, M; Becker, H P; Schumpelick, V

    2004-02-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a very rare and usually benign neoplasm. This tumor is mostly located in the thoracic cavity, but it has also been reported in numerous sites including liver, skin, and meninges. Due to its rarity diagnosis is often difficult. Accordingly, histopathological differentiation is of major importance. Solitary fibrous tumors consistently express CD 34 and react negatively to epithelial markers. This absence of expression of epithelial markers, especially cytokeratin, is also useful to distinguish these rare entities from sarcomatous mesotheliomas. The treatment of choice for solitary fibrous tumors is extensive surgical resection. Up to now there is no evidence that radiation and chemotherapy are effective. The local recurrence or onset of metastases depends on histologic parameters. In cases of benign classification (60-80%), the recurrence rate was only 2% after surgical excision. One-half of the patients with malignant tumors can be cured; the rest develop recurrences and metastases more often. Especially in those cases, emphasis should be placed on continual follow-up examination. We report two cases of a 65- and a 75-year-old male patient with huge intrathoracic solitary fibrous subpleural tumors, discovered incidentally on routine chest X-ray.

  6. Conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma in an 8-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Knapp, Austen N; Samara, Wasim A; Shields, Carol L; Shields, Jerry A; Eagle, Ralph C

    2016-08-01

    An 8-year-old healthy boy underwent surgery for excision of a painless, enlarging vascularized conjunctival tumor. Histopathology disclosed a mass comprised of interweaving spindle cells and scattered histiocytes in a fibrous matrix, consistent with benign fibrous histiocytoma. This rare tumor can resemble several conditions, including scleritis/episcleritis, inflamed pterygium, juvenile xanthogranuloma, foreign body granuloma, solitary fibrous tumor, amelanotic melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

  7. Consolidation and densification methods for fibrous monolith processing

    DOEpatents

    Sutaria, Manish P.; Rigali, Mark J.; Cipriani, Ronald A.; Artz, Gregory J.; Mulligan, Anthony C.

    2004-05-25

    Methods for consolidation and densification of fibrous monolith composite structures are provided. Consolidation and densification of two- and three-dimensional fibrous monolith components having complex geometries can be achieved by pressureless sintering. The fibrous monolith composites are formed from filaments having at least a first material composition generally surrounded by a second material composition. The composites are sintered in an inert gas or nitrogen gas at a pressure of no more than about 30 psi to provide consolidated and densified fibrous monolith composites.

  8. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Uterus Presenting With Lung Metastases: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Strickland, Kyle C; Nucci, Marisa R; Esselen, Katharine M; Muto, Michael G; Chopra, Sameer; George, Suzanne; Howitt, Brooke E

    2016-01-01

    We describe the case of an 81-yr-old woman who presented with bilateral pulmonary nodules in the setting of a large uterine mass, concerning for a gynecologic malignancy such as leiomyosarcoma. However, fine-needle aspiration of a lung nodule revealed a spindle cell neoplasm consistent with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by a patternless architecture of spindle cells and branching ectatic vessels. Total abdominal hysterectomy demonstrated a primary SFT of the uterus. Both the lung lesion and uterine mass were positive for STAT6, a sensitive and specific biomarker for SFT. SFT infrequently metastasizes and only rarely occurs in the uterus. These tumors are considered to have uncertain malignant potential, and the diagnosis of "malignant" SFT requires the presence of >4 mitoses per 10 high-power fields. The uterine SFT we report did not meet this criterion for malignancy, emphasizing that this entity can behave aggressively even without increased mitoses or atypical histology. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a uterine SFT with metastasis to the lung. We discuss the differential diagnosis for the finding of multiple pulmonary spindle cell lesions in the setting of a uterine mass. PMID:26107564

  9. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Uterus Presenting With Lung Metastases: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Strickland, Kyle C; Nucci, Marisa R; Esselen, Katharine M; Muto, Michael G; Chopra, Sameer; George, Suzanne; Howitt, Brooke E

    2016-01-01

    We describe the case of an 81-yr-old woman who presented with bilateral pulmonary nodules in the setting of a large uterine mass, concerning for a gynecologic malignancy such as leiomyosarcoma. However, fine-needle aspiration of a lung nodule revealed a spindle cell neoplasm consistent with solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by a patternless architecture of spindle cells and branching ectatic vessels. Total abdominal hysterectomy demonstrated a primary SFT of the uterus. Both the lung lesion and uterine mass were positive for STAT6, a sensitive and specific biomarker for SFT. SFT infrequently metastasizes and only rarely occurs in the uterus. These tumors are considered to have uncertain malignant potential, and the diagnosis of "malignant" SFT requires the presence of >4 mitoses per 10 high-power fields. The uterine SFT we report did not meet this criterion for malignancy, emphasizing that this entity can behave aggressively even without increased mitoses or atypical histology. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a uterine SFT with metastasis to the lung. We discuss the differential diagnosis for the finding of multiple pulmonary spindle cell lesions in the setting of a uterine mass.

  10. Elasto-capillarity in fibrous materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monaenkova, Daria

    Current advances in the manufacture of nanoporous and nanofibrous materials with high absorption capacity open up new opportunities for the development of fiber-based probes and sensors. Pore structures of these materials can be designed to provide high suction pressure and fast wicking. During wicking, due to the strong capillary action, the liquids exert stresses on the fiber network, thus the stressed state of dry and wet parts of the material differs. In this work the effect of stress reduction in fibrous materials due to the presence of wetting liquid in the pore structure is studied in details for both static and dynamic cases. It is suggested that this effect can be used for liquid monitoring and the examples of one and two dimensional probes are provided. To open a discussion an illustrative example of a single capillary is considered and the effect of a moving meniscus on the stress distribution along capillary walls is demonstrated. Then the similar effects are analyzed in yarns and fabrics. A yarn that can capture an aerosol droplet is considered as a promising sensing element that could monitor the stresses caused by wetting fronts. It is shown that the stress transfer between dry and wet parts of the yarn upon liquid wicking significantly depends on the boundary conditions. The stress distribution in the yarn with clamped ends is discussed. The elasto-capillary problem is resolved for 2-D case of a freely suspended self-reconfigurable material. It is shown that the classical Bernoulli problem of a freely suspended fabric can be used for the analysis of stresses in the fibrous matrix. The theoretical conclusions on elasto-capillarity are supported by experimental results on tensile testing of fibrous materials. The results show that the elasto-capillary effect is pronounced in the porous samples with the pore sizes smaller than 10 microm.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid.

    PubMed

    Cameselle-Teijeiro, J; Varela-Duran, J; Fonseca, E; Villanueva, J P; Sobrinho-Simoes, M

    1994-04-01

    A case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the thyroid in a 43-year-old woman with a multinodular goiter is reported. This is the first case of SFT described in the thyroid. On histologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural examination, the tumor was identical to SFT of the pleura and other organs. Despite its rarity, SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of spindle-cell tumors of the thyroid, along with anaplastic carcinoma, spindle-cell medullary carcinoma, and several types of mesenchymal tumors.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumor of the auditory canal.

    PubMed

    Rezk, Sherif; Yousef, Mohammad; Zamansky, Marshall; Khan, Ashraf

    2004-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm of increasing incidence that was originally described to be of pleural origin; however, more recently, SFT has been reported in extrapleural sites, including the orbit, liver, salivary glands, tongue, nose, paranasal sinuses, larynx, retroperitoneum, meninges, and thyroid. The increase in the number of SFTs does not necessarily mean increased incidence of this tumor but rather an increased understanding of this tumor, especially recognition of this tumor in extrapleural locations, which has been aided by immunohistochemical analysis. We report a case of SFT in the auditory canal, which to our knowledge has not been previously reported, as evident by morphologic findings and immunophenotype.

  13. Extrapericardial solitary fibrous tumour of the pericardium.

    PubMed

    Andreani, S M; Tavecchio, L; Giardini, R; Bedini, A V

    1998-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) occurs most commonly in the pleura and is extremely rare in the pericardium. The authors report a case of a 60-year-old man in whom a large mediastinal mass was accidentally discovered. Computed tomography showed involvement of the left anterosuperior mediastinum with displacement of the trachea, large vessels and oesophagus; histopathological findings after complete resection of the neoplasia demonstrated an SFT of the pericardium, the first reported case with extrapericardial pattern of growth. A review of the literature on SFTs of the pericardium is provided.

  14. Atypical solitary fibrous tumor of the vulva.

    PubMed

    Fukunaga, M

    2000-04-01

    An atypical solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) was encountered as a slow-growing, 15-cm, well-demarcated, vulvar tumor in a 70-year-old woman. The tumor was highly cellular and composed predominantly of hemangiopericytomatous and capillary hemangioma-like proliferations and short fascicular arrangements of spindled cells. Multinucleated giant cells and tumor necrosis also were present. The tumor cells were positive for vimentin, CD34, progesterone receptors, and bcl-2 and were diploid by flow cytometry. The patient was well without disease 9 months after surgery. Awareness of the occurrence of atypical SFT in the vulva is important so that confusion with other neoplasms can be avoided.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumor of the periosteum.

    PubMed

    O'Connell, J X; Logan, P M; Beauchamp, C P

    1995-04-01

    We report a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the leg that presented as a pedunculated encapsulated soft tissue mass attached to the periosteum of the posterior tibia. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of an SFT in an extremity. In addition to having the typical gross and microscopic appearance of a usual SFT, this SFT also contained abundant elastic tissue, suggesting an origin from periosteal fibroblasts. This report further extends the anatomic range of the SFT, a neoplasm once thought to be of mesothelial origin but now recognized as a mesenchymal tumor of probable fibroblastic lineage. To date the behavior of the this periosteal SFT has been benign.

  16. [Single fibrous tumor of the parapharyngeal space].

    PubMed

    Galera-Ruiz, H; Martínez-Pozo, A; Alos, L L; Cardesa, A; Traserra, J

    2000-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the parapharyngeal space presented with local symptoms (hearing loss, nasal obstruction, and paralysis of the soft palate and tongue). SFT, originally described as a mesothelial tumor of the pleura, now is recognized as a mesenchymal tumor that occurs in different locations. In the head and neck region, about 50 cases have been reported. This is the fifth published report of an SFT of the parapharyngeal space. The diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemical (positivity for vimentin, CD34, and CD99) and ultrastructural markers (fibroblastic characteristics).

  17. Solitary fibrous tumour of the pleura.

    PubMed

    Sikri, V; Chawla, R

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) of the pleura is a rare, usually benign primary tumour of the pleura. Spectrum of presentation can vary from an incidental finding on chest radiograph done for some other purpose, features of compression of surrounding structures to symptoms resulting from the tumour per se. We report a case of a female who presented with complaints of cough and chest pain in whom a diagnosis of SFT was confirmed on tru-cut biopsy and immunohistochemistry studies. The patient underwent thoracotomy and successful removal of the tumour.

  18. Fibrous composites comprising carbon nanotubes and silica

    DOEpatents

    Peng, Huisheng; Zhu, Yuntian Theodore; Peterson, Dean E.; Jia, Quanxi

    2011-10-11

    Fibrous composite comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes; and a silica-containing moiety having one of the structures: (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NR.sub.1R.sub.2) or (SiO).sub.3Si--(CH.sub.2).sub.n--NCO; where n is from 1 to 6, and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently H, CH.sub.3, or C.sub.2H.sub.5.

  19. Pediatric Salivary Gland Malignancies.

    PubMed

    Ord, Robert A; Carlson, Eric R

    2016-02-01

    Pediatric malignant salivary gland tumors are extremely rare. The percentage of malignant tumors is higher than that seen in adults, although the outcomes in terms of survival are better in pediatric patients. The mainstay of treatment is surgical excision with negative margins. This article reviews current concepts in demographics, etiology, management, and outcomes of malignant salivary tumors in children.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor surrounding the carotid sheath.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Oliveira, Guillermo; Alvarez-Flores, Modesto; Arribas-García, Ignacio; Martínez-Gimeno, Carlos

    2010-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare spindle cell neoplasms that are mostly found arising from the pleura. Although SFTs recently have been reported in other regions, they are rare in the head and neck and have often been misdiagnosed due to their rarity. SFTs are benign in most cases. Clinically, SFTs usually manifest as well-circumscribed, slow-growing, smooth and painless masses. Symptoms are often minimal, although they may include sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, change of voice or trismus. CT-Scan and MRI are the most sensitive imaging procedures used. The treatment of choice is complete surgical excision of the lesion. Because recurrences have been noted up to 30 years after surgery, long-term follow up is mandatory. In this article, we present a case of a Solitary Fibrous Tumor arising in the parapharyngeal space in a 20-year-old man, involving the carotid sheath, treated by surgical excision with no recurrence after 1 year. The clinical presentation, surgical management and pathological findings are described.

  1. [Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. A clinical case report].

    PubMed

    Gallesio, C; Tagliabue, M; Mazzeo, R; De Gioanni, P P

    1996-11-01

    The authors present a severe case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in which there was considerable involvement of cranial bone and facial skeleton. Numerous lesions were present at the level of the long bones of limbs. Endocrine dysfunction was also present in the form of a hypophyseal adenoma secreting prolactin and ACTH. The concomitance of acromegaly or gigantism and/or hyperprolactinemia and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia has only been reported to date in a few cases in literature. The authors describe the appearance of the subject, correlating clinical photographs with X-rays. They report the clinical excursus of the patient characterised by the gradual increase in deformities which seriously jeopardized the patient's relational life, in particular the appearance of a bulk on the forehead and checks and the deformation of the symphyseal portion of the mandible with presence of interdental diastemata. The patient also complained diplopia, difficulty in chewing owing to the mobilisation of teeth, and increasing bone pain probably due to nerve compression by exuberant bone. It was not possible to perform corrective surgery owing to the patient's overall poor health conditions. In fact, dilatative cardiomyopathy which continued to worsen in spite of numerous forms of medical treatment resulted in the patient's death owing to cardiac decompensation. Even the attempt to treat the patient's primary endocrine dysfunction using bromocryptine and subsequently octreotide failed to produce positive results owing to the onset of collateral effects which led to the early suspension of treatment.

  2. Self-Organization of Bioinspired Fibrous Surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Sung Hoon

    Nature uses fibrous surfaces for a wide range of functions such as sensing, adhesion, structural color, and self-cleaning. However, little is known about how fiber properties enable them to self-organize into diverse and complex functional forms. Using polymeric micro/nanofiber arrays with tunable properties as model systems, we demonstrate how the combination of mechanical and surface properties can be harnessed to transform an array of anchored nanofibers into a variety of complex, hierarchically organized dynamic functional surfaces. We show that the delicate balance between fiber elasticity and surface adhesion plays a critical role in determining the shape, chirality, and hierarchy of the assembled structures. We further report a strategy for controlling the long-range order of fiber assemblies by manipulating the shape and movement of the liquid-vapor interface. Our study provides fundamental understanding of the pattern formation by self-organization of bioinspired fibrous surfaces. Moreover, our new strategies offer a foundation for designing a vast assortment of functional surfaces with adhesive, optical, water-repellent, capture and release, and many more capabilities with the structural and dynamic sophistication of their biological counterparts.

  3. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia: Surgery and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Menon, Suresh; Venkatswamy, Srihari; Ramu, Veena; Banu, Khurshida; Ehtaih, Sham; Kashyap, Vinay M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To highlight the clinical and radiologic features and management of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia with review of literature. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 6 patients who underwent surgical treatment in a tertiary healthcare centre was done using the parameters of patients' details, clinical features, radiological findings, management and postoperative review. Results: Of the six patients, 3 females and 2 males were in the 2nd decade of life and 1 male in the 1st decade of life. The disease was restricted to maxilla in 3 patients, involved the temporal and frontal bones in addition to maxilla in one, involved the frontal bone in one patient and involved frontal and parietal bones in one patient. The primary reason for seeking treatment in all the 6 cases was facial deformity. There was absence of pain in all 6 cases. For surgical treatment in all three cases involving the maxilla, the approach was intraoral while bicoronal approach was used for the other three cases. Treatment consisted of surgical contouring and reshaping the area. All cases were followed up over a period of 2 years with no signs of recurrence. Conclusion: Treatment of craniofacial fibro-osseous lesions is highly individualized. Most cases of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia manifest as swellings that cause facial deformity and surgical recontouring after cessation of growth seems to provide the best results. PMID:23662263

  4. [Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. A clinical case report].

    PubMed

    Gallesio, C; Tagliabue, M; Mazzeo, R; De Gioanni, P P

    1996-11-01

    The authors present a severe case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in which there was considerable involvement of cranial bone and facial skeleton. Numerous lesions were present at the level of the long bones of limbs. Endocrine dysfunction was also present in the form of a hypophyseal adenoma secreting prolactin and ACTH. The concomitance of acromegaly or gigantism and/or hyperprolactinemia and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia has only been reported to date in a few cases in literature. The authors describe the appearance of the subject, correlating clinical photographs with X-rays. They report the clinical excursus of the patient characterised by the gradual increase in deformities which seriously jeopardized the patient's relational life, in particular the appearance of a bulk on the forehead and checks and the deformation of the symphyseal portion of the mandible with presence of interdental diastemata. The patient also complained diplopia, difficulty in chewing owing to the mobilisation of teeth, and increasing bone pain probably due to nerve compression by exuberant bone. It was not possible to perform corrective surgery owing to the patient's overall poor health conditions. In fact, dilatative cardiomyopathy which continued to worsen in spite of numerous forms of medical treatment resulted in the patient's death owing to cardiac decompensation. Even the attempt to treat the patient's primary endocrine dysfunction using bromocryptine and subsequently octreotide failed to produce positive results owing to the onset of collateral effects which led to the early suspension of treatment. PMID:9026699

  5. Elasticity of fibrous networks under uniaxial prestress.

    PubMed

    Vahabi, Mahsa; Sharma, Abhinav; Licup, Albert James; van Oosten, Anne S G; Galie, Peter A; Janmey, Paul A; MacKintosh, Fred C

    2016-06-14

    We present theoretical and experimental studies of the elastic response of fibrous networks subjected to uniaxial strain. Uniaxial compression or extension is applied to extracellular networks of fibrin and collagen using a shear rheometer with free water in/outflow. Both uniaxial stress and the network shear modulus are measured. Prior work [van Oosten, et al., Sci. Rep., 2015, 6, 19270] has shown softening/stiffening of these networks under compression/extension, together with a nonlinear response to shear, but the origin of such behaviour remains poorly understood. Here, we study how uniaxial strain influences the nonlinear mechanics of fibrous networks. Using a computational network model with bendable and stretchable fibres, we show that the softening/stiffening behaviour can be understood for fixed lateral boundaries in 2D and 3D networks with comparable average connectivities to the experimental extracellular networks. Moreover, we show that the onset of stiffening depends strongly on the imposed uniaxial strain. Our study highlights the importance of both uniaxial strain and boundary conditions in determining the mechanical response of hydrogels. PMID:27174568

  6. STAT6 rabbit monoclonal antibody is a robust diagnostic tool for the distinction of solitary fibrous tumour from its mimics.

    PubMed

    Cheah, Alison L; Billings, Steven D; Goldblum, John R; Carver, Paula; Tanas, Munir Z; Rubin, Brian P

    2014-08-01

    Recurrent NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions have recently been identified in solitary fibrous tumour by next generation sequencing. Our aim was to examine the sensitivity and specificity of STAT6 immunohistochemistry for solitary fibrous tumour versus other morphologically similar soft tissue tumours. STAT6 expression was evaluated in 54 solitary fibrous tumours of various sites and 99 soft tissue tumours in the histological differential diagnosis. We used a rabbit monoclonal STAT6 antibody (1:100), which has not been reported by others, on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded whole sections and tissue microarray slides. Only nuclear staining of STAT6 was considered positive. Distribution of staining was scored as: 0 (no staining), 1+ (1-25%), 2+ (26-50%), 3+ (>50%). Intensity was scored as weak, moderate or strong. Nuclear STAT6 staining was present in all SFT cases tested (54/54, sensitivity 100%), regardless of histology, anatomical site or CD34 status. The majority of cases showed 3+ and strong staining. All tested cases of cellular angiofibroma (0/9), myofibroblastoma (0/10), spindle cell lipoma (0/10), benign fibrous histiocytoma (0/13), dermatofibrosarcoma protruberans (0/9), low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (0/7), schwannoma (0/8), desmoid-type fibromatosis (0/8), monophasic synovial sarcoma (0/11), malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (0/7), and mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (0/7) were negative for STAT6 (specificity 100%). Our study further supports the utility of STAT6 immunohistochemistry as an adjunct in the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumour.

  7. Fibrous microcapsules and methods of assembly and use thereof

    DOEpatents

    Stupp, Samuel; Rozkiewicz, Dorota

    2015-01-27

    The present invention relates to assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolymers into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof. In particular, the present invention provides devices, compositions, and methods for interfacial self-assembly of peptide amphiphiles and biopolyments into fibrous microcapsules, and uses thereof.

  8. Fibrous monoliths: Economic ceramic matrix composites from powders [Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Rigali, Mark; Sutaria, Manish; Mulligan, Anthony; Creegan, Peter; Cipriani, Ron

    1999-05-26

    The project was to develop and perform pilot-scale production of fibrous monolith composites. The principal focus of the program was to develop damage-tolerant, wear-resistant tooling for petroleum drilling applications and generate a basic mechanical properties database on fibrous monolith composites.

  9. Ceramic-Fibrous-Insulation Thermal-Protection System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leiser, Daniel; Churchward, Rex; Katvala, Victor; Stewart, David; Balter, Aliza

    1992-01-01

    New composite thermal-protection system developed in which glass-ceramic impregnated into surface of fibrous insulation. Called TUFI for toughened unipiece fibrous insulation developed as replacement for tiles with reaction-cured-glass (RCG) coating. Impregnation of glass-ceramic results in thermal protection system with insulating properties comparable to existing system but with 20 to 100 times more resistance to impact.

  10. Fibrous calcite from the Middle Ordovician Holston Formation (east Tennessee)

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, K.J.; Walker, K.R. . Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1993-03-01

    Fibrous calcite from buildups, which occur near the top of the Middle Ordovician Holston Formation, were examined from two localities near Knoxville, TN (Alcoa Highway and Deanne Quarry). Buildups at these localities were deposited under open-marine conditions, slightly down-slope from the platform edge. Fibrous calcite (mainly radiaxial fibrous) occur most commonly as cements in mainly stromatactis structures present in bioherms and intergranular porosity in beds that flank bioherms. Fibrous calcite is interpreted to have been precipitated in a marine setting. Fibrous calcite is uniformly turbid or banded with interlayered turbid and clearer cement. Fibrous calcite most commonly shows patchy or blotchy dull-non-luminescence under cathodoluminescence. Bands of uniformly non-luminescent and relatively bright luminescent calcite are present. [delta][sup 13]C compositions of fibrous calcite vary little (0.6 to 1.0%) but [delta][sup 18]O values are highly variable ([minus]4.8 to [minus]7.1%). Post-marine cement consists of ferroan and non-ferroan, dull luminescent equant calcite ([delta][sup 13]C = 0.3 to 0.8; [delta][sup 18]O = [minus]8.6 to [minus]11.5) and is interpreted as precipitated in a deep meteoric or burial setting. Depleted [delta][sup 18]O compositions of fibrous calcite reflect addition of post-depositional calcite during stabilization. Most enriched [delta][sup 13]C and [delta][sup 18]O fibrous calcite composition are similar to enriched values from other Middle Ordovician southern Appalachian buildups (other localities of Holston (TN) and Effna (VA) formations) ([delta][sup 13]C = 0.3 to 0.8; [delta][sup 18]O = [minus]3.9 to [minus]4.8) and may reflect fibrous calcite precipitated in isotopic equilibrium with Middle Ordovician sea water.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor with pseudo-lipoblasts involving the sublingual gland: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ayad, Tareck; Ghannoum, Julien

    2007-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms uncommonly occurring in the salivary glands. In rare instances, SFTs can contain mature fat, atrophic fat, or vacuolated cells previously termed 'pseudo-lipoblasts', which may be misinterpreted as a feature of malignancy. We report an unusual tumor with pseudo-lipoblasts occurring in the sublingual gland. The tumor exhibited a prominent hemangiopericytic pattern, bland cytology, and immunohistochemical and morphologic features consistent with that of an SFT. A review of 15 cases of SFTs of the salivary glands is presented. Emphasis is laid upon the histologic differential diagnosis and the clinical features of these tumors.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumour of the urinary bladder in a young woman presenting with haemodynamic-relevant gross haematuria.

    PubMed

    Heinzelbecker, Julia; Becker, Frank; Pflugmann, Thomas; Friemann, Johannes; Walz, Peter H

    2008-11-01

    A 24-yr-old woman presented with gross haematuria and a huge tumour of the right bladder wall. At transurethral resection, a solid tumour was seen covered with normal mucosa. The pathological evaluation revealed a solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) of the urinary bladder. For final treatment, a partial cystectomy was performed; tumour-free margins were ensured by frozen-section analysis. This is the first case in the literature presenting intravesically in a young woman. Due to the difficulty in discriminating between malignant and benign growth pattern of this tumour entity, a regular follow-up after conservative treatment is mandatory.

  13. Fibrous lung tumor: a peculiar case.

    PubMed

    Barrettara, Barbara; Napoli, Gaetano; Lacitignola, Angelo; Sardelli, Paolo

    2013-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura and the lung is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm arising from the visceral pleura in the majority of the cases. However there are some extrapleural sites including the lung. Current considerations were raised by a peculiar recent case: an 81-year-old female, no smoker, presented with undefined left thoracic pain. Radiographic findings of a large solid lung mass (10 cm × 9 cm). Computed tomography (CT) confirmed the thoracic mass showing characteristics of a well defined mass with capsule, the position of the mass in proximity of the postero-basal and lateral-basal wall. No secondary lesions were found. Through a left inferior lobectomy and ilo-mediastinal lymph node sampling, the entire mass was resected. Histopathological examination revealed a SFT. In conclusion STF is a rare lesion and this case showed a peculiar extremely large lesion never described before in literature. PMID:23991334

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of the skin.

    PubMed

    Okamura, J M; Barr, R J; Battifora, H

    1997-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that most commonly involves the pleura, but is increasingly more often observed in extrapleural locations. A 37-year-old woman presented with an SFT involving the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the scalp. Histologically, SFT is well circumscribed and composed of uniform spindle cells arranged in interlacing fascicles. It exhibits alternating hypercellular and hypocellular areas with abundant thick, often keloid-like, hyalinized collagen. Hemangiopericytoma-like areas are frequently prominent. Immunohistochemical markers for smooth muscle, neural, and epithelial differentiation are negative, but generalized positivity for CD-34 is characteristic. Because of the expanding spectrum of anatomic involvement of SFT, it is not surprising that on rare occasions this tumor may involve the skin.

  15. Fibrous lung tumor: a peculiar case.

    PubMed

    Barrettara, Barbara; Napoli, Gaetano; Lacitignola, Angelo; Sardelli, Paolo

    2013-08-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura and the lung is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm arising from the visceral pleura in the majority of the cases. However there are some extrapleural sites including the lung. Current considerations were raised by a peculiar recent case: an 81-year-old female, no smoker, presented with undefined left thoracic pain. Radiographic findings of a large solid lung mass (10 cm × 9 cm). Computed tomography (CT) confirmed the thoracic mass showing characteristics of a well defined mass with capsule, the position of the mass in proximity of the postero-basal and lateral-basal wall. No secondary lesions were found. Through a left inferior lobectomy and ilo-mediastinal lymph node sampling, the entire mass was resected. Histopathological examination revealed a SFT. In conclusion STF is a rare lesion and this case showed a peculiar extremely large lesion never described before in literature.

  16. A solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Abeygunasekera, Anuruddha M; Ginige, Anusha P; Liyanage, Indika S H; Hareendra, Kalana

    2015-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm that usually occurs in the pleura, but may occur in extrapleural sites. Its occurrence in the kidney is rare. We report a SFT, clinically thought to be a renal cell carcinoma arising in the kidney of a 68-year-old female. The tumor was well-circumscribed and composed of a mixture of spindle cells and dense collagenous bands. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99, and Bcl-2 protein, with no staining for keratin or muscle markers, confirming the diagnosis. The immunohistochemical study was the key to diagnosis. Several younger members of her family had colorectal and lung cancers suggesting the possibility of a familial or genetic susceptibility.

  17. Chromosomal imbalances in meningeal solitary fibrous tumors.

    PubMed

    Martin, Andrew J; Summersgill, Brenda M; Fisher, Cyril; Shipley, Janet M; Dean, Andrew F

    2002-06-01

    We present the results of a comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis of three meningeal solitary fibrous tumors (SFT). One case showed loss of chromosome 3 and two tumors had deletions of the region 3p21-p26. Other chromosomal losses included 4p15, 8q22-q24, 10, 11q14-q25, 17q11- q23, 20, and 21 in one case each. In addition, there were gains of 18p11-p13 in one case, and 1p11-p36 and 20q11-q13 in another. To our knowledge, there are no previous CGH or cytogenetic data on meningeal SFT, and loss of material on chromosome 3 has not been described in SFT at other sites. Our findings are discussed in relation to published molecular genetic and cytogenetic data on meningioma and hemangiopericytoma, the two lesions with which meningeal SFT are most likely to be confused.

  18. Solitary fibrous tumour of the renal peripelvis.

    PubMed

    Fukunaga, M; Nikaido, T

    1997-05-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are rare spindle cell neoplasms generally associated with the serosal surface, especially the pleura. This report describes two SFTs arising in the renal peripelvis, occurring in 33- and 36-year-old females. The lesions lacked the characteristic features of other recognized neoplasms that occur in the kidney. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells were diffusely and strongly positive for vimentin and CD34, and some tumour cells expressed alpha-smooth muscle actin. Both tumours were diploid by flow cytometry. Both patients have had benign clinical courses with 7.5- and 1-year follow-up. The findings suggest that the SFTs may originate from peripelvic mesenchymal cells, a new location for SFT. SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of spindle cell tumours arising in the renal pelvis and peripelvis.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas.

    PubMed

    Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Sakai, Shinya; Aono, Shoji; Takahashi, Tadaaki; Inoue, Takeshi; Ohta, Koji; Tanada, Minoru; Teramoto, Norihiro

    2010-07-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) originating in the pancreas is rare. We report a 55-year-old woman with an asymptomatic pancreatic mass incidentally discovered on abdominal ultrasonography. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a well-demarcated exophytic mass in the pancreatic head with prolonged and delayed enhancement. The mass showed hypointensity on T1-weighted images and heterogeneous hypointensity with spotty hyperintensity foci on T2-weighted images. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/CT showed no significant FDG uptake. The resected mass was composed of spindle cells that were positive for CD34; and hemangiopericytomatous vessels were focally detected. The mass was finally diagnosed as an SFT of the pancreas.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of renal pelvis.

    PubMed

    Yazaki, T; Satoh, S; Iizumi, T; Umeda, T; Yamaguchi, Y

    2001-09-01

    A 70-year-old Japanese man was referred because of a right renal mass of 2 years in duration. Imaging studies, including magnetic resonance imaging, revealed an ovoid mass, with relatively abundant vascularity, in the right renal pelvis. Right radical nephrectomy was done and a tumor measuring 6.0 x 4.5 x 4.0 cm was found in the renal pelvis. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) was highly suspected by histology. Immunohistochemical study using a monoclonal antibody directed against the human hematopoietic progenitor cell antigen (CD34) stain confirmed SFT. This is the first case of SFT of the renal pelvis. Although SFT is extremely rare in urogenital organs, this tumor must be included in the differential diagnosis when we encounter urogenital tumors consisting of mesenchymal elements.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Luo, Shyh-Hwa; Kao, Shine C S; Pan, Chih-Shin

    2003-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that most frequently arises in the pleura and uncommonly involves the orbit. We report the clinical and pathological features of an orbital SFT in a 50-year-old woman. The patient presented with an 8-year history of painless, slow-growing, visible mass in the right caruncle. Computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed, homogenous, soft tissue mass in the inferomedial aspect of the orbit. The tumor was totally excised via anterior orbitotomy. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation identified the mass as an SFT. The patient was free of tumor recurrence at 1-year follow-up. Orbital SFT can present as a visible mass in the caruncle and may recur if not excised completely. Long-term follow-up of patients is necessary because SFT may recur many years after operation.

  2. Solitary fibrous tumor of the skin.

    PubMed

    Hardisson, David; Cuevas-Santos, Jesús; Contreras, Félix

    2002-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon tumor initially reported in the pleura but recently described in other sites of the body. We report a SFT of the skin that presented as painless nodule located in the right cheek in a 56-year-old woman. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped cells arranged in a patternless pattern of short and narrow fascicles with interspersed bundles of thick collagen, and numerous blood vessels with a focally hemangiopericytoma-like appearance. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells strongly expressed vimentin, CD34 and bcl-2. The lesion was excised and the patient remains well at 16-month follow-up. This case presented some diagnostic difficulty because of its unusual location, and had to be distinguished from other superficial soft tissue tumors. Recognition of SFT in the skin is important to avoid possible confusion with a variety of spindle cell neoplasms with different biologic potential.

  3. Parasagittal solitary fibrous tumor resembling hemangiopericytoma.

    PubMed

    Shidoh, Satoka; Yoshida, Kazunari; Takahashi, Satoshi; Mikami, Shuji; Mukai, Makio; Kawase, Takeshi

    2010-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumor in the central nervous system, and the clinical behavior of this tumor is similar to that of meningioma. We report the case of a Japanese woman with parasagittal SFT that resembled hemangiopericytoma (HPC). Histological examination revealed that the tumor was highly cellular, with cells containing oval- or spindle-shaped nuclei arranged in sheets or a pattern-less growth mode. Focal vascular proliferation was also observed. Some areas showed intercellular stroma containing remarkable eosinophilic collagens. Tumor cells showed a strong immunoreactivity for CD34 but were negative for S-100 protein and epithelial membrane antigen. MIB-1 labeling index of the tumor was 6.6%. Owing to the high cellularity, high MIB-1 labeling index, and focal vascular proliferation, it was difficult to distinguish this lesion from HPC. However, the tumor was finally diagnosed as SFT on the basis of the strong immunostaining for CD34 and absence of pericellular reticulin.

  4. Solitary fibrous tumor in the mental region.

    PubMed

    Hirano, M; Tanuma, J; Shimoda, T; Sugihara, K; Tsuneyoshi, M; Kitano, M

    2001-11-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in the pleura; however, it has recently been described in other sites of the body. To date, eight examples of oral SFT have been reported. This paper is a description of the first case of an SFT occurring as a soft tissue tumor in the mental region. Histologically, the tumor was composed predominantly of rather uniform spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells arranged in vague fascicles or in a haphazard fashion, intermingled with abundant collagen fibers. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for CD34 and vimentin, and weakly positive for muscle actin and alpha-smooth muscle actin. The diagnosis of SFT may be difficult as this tumor shares a number of histological features with other soft tissue tumors. Awareness of its occurrence in the oral cavity is important so that confusion with other spindle cell neoplasms can be avoided.

  5. Insulin receptor activation in solitary fibrous tumours.

    PubMed

    Li, Y; Chang, Q; Rubin, B P; Fletcher, C D M; Morgan, T W; Mentzer, S J; Sugarbaker, D J; Fletcher, J A; Xiao, S

    2007-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are known to overexpress insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2). The down-stream oncogenic pathways of IGF-2, however, are not clear. Here we report uniform activation of the insulin receptor (IR) pathway in SFTs, which are mesenchymal tumours frequently associated with hypoglycaemia. Whereas the IR and its downstream signalling pathways were constitutively activated in SFTs, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) was not expressed in these tumours. We also find that SFT cells secrete IGF-2 and proliferate in serum-free medium, consistent with an IGF-2/IR autocrine loop. The aetiological relevance of IGF-2 is supported by expression of IR-A, the IR isoform with high affinity for IGF-2, in all SFTs. Our studies suggest that IR activation plays an oncogenic role in SFTs.

  6. Solitary fibrous tumor of the abdominal wall.

    PubMed

    Migita, Kazuhiro; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakagawa, Kenji; Ohyama, Takao; Sekigawa, Susumu

    2009-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are uncommon neoplasms of mesenchymal origin that usually arise from the pleura. SFTs of the abdominal wall are extremely rare, and only 12 cases have been reported in the English language literature. This report presents a new case of SFT of the abdominal wall in a 74-year-old female. Positron emission tomography demonstrated the heterogeneous 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake of the tumor (the maximum standardized uptake value was 2.8). Histologically, the mitotic count was 1 to 2/10 high-power fields. The patient is alive without recurrence at 10 months after undergoing a surgical excision. We discuss the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis and present a review of the pertinent literature.

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the uterine cervix.

    PubMed

    Rahimi, Kurosh; Shaw, Patricia A; Chetty, Runjan

    2010-03-01

    A 68-year-old woman with stage pT1b1 N0 cervical squamous carcinoma had an incidental cervical polyp. The polyp measured 1.7 cm in maximal diameter and histologic evaluation showed it to be composed of spindle-shaped cells with hypercellular and hypocellular foci. The stroma was collagenized and contained several dilated vascular channels that imparted a hemangiopericytic pattern to the lesion. Immunohistochemistry showed the spindle cells to be positive for vimentin, CD99, CD34, bcl-2, ER, PR, and beta-catenin (cytoplasmic) but negative for EMA, S100, factor XIIIa, AE1/AE3, caldesmon, desmin, CD31, and smooth muscle actin. The morphology and immunophenotype was in keeping with a diagnosis of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). SFT shares several histologic features of a superficial cervicovaginal myofibroblastoma; the cellular variability, pattern and distribution of vessels, stromal collagenization, and desmin negativity favors SFT.

  8. Solitary fibrous tumor in the pelvic space.

    PubMed

    Ishikawa, Tomomoto; Kawabata, Gaku; Terakawa, Tomoaki; Kamidono, Sadao; Fujisawa, Masato

    2004-02-01

    A case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pelvic space in a 64-year-old man is reported herein. Computed tomography (CT) of the pelvis showed a large mass enhanced heterogeneously left paracentral and posterior to the bladder and intimately associated with prostate. The site of origin of the mass could not be defined on CT because margins blended with the bladder, prostate, and rectum. A tumorectomy was performed and has remained well with no evidence of recurrence during the last 3 months. The tumor was 12.5 x 9.5 x 8.3 cm in size, solid with a fibromuscular capsule, and gray-tan in color. Histologically, the neoplasms were well circumscribed and composed of short spindle cells arranged without an obvious pattern. Immunohistochemically, these cells were strongly positive for CD 34 and negative for S-100, alpha SMA, and AE1/AE3.

  9. Solitary fibrous tumour: a diagnostic dilemma.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Sharmila; Shet, Tanuja M; Chinoy, R F; Kane, S V

    2007-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm arising at pleural and extrapleural sites. Five cases of SFT diagnosed at our institution over a five year period were reviewed. Haematoxylin and eosin stained histological sections, immuno-histochemical markers including CD34 and electron microscopy were the different methods used to study these tumours. Three histological features were consistently observed in all the tumours: the tumours were composed of short spindle cells separated by dense collagen bands and arranged in alternate hypocellular and hypercellular areas. CD34 positivity was seen in all the cases. SFT's have been reported to behave in an unpredictable fashion and hence prolonged follow up is essential. Histology, CD34 positivity and electron microscopy are useful tools in diagnosing SFT. While the pleural tumours can be diagnosed based on histology, this must be substantiated by ancillary techniques in case of extrapleural tumours.

  10. A solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Abeygunasekera, Anuruddha M; Ginige, Anusha P; Liyanage, Indika S H; Hareendra, Kalana

    2015-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm that usually occurs in the pleura, but may occur in extrapleural sites. Its occurrence in the kidney is rare. We report a SFT, clinically thought to be a renal cell carcinoma arising in the kidney of a 68-year-old female. The tumor was well-circumscribed and composed of a mixture of spindle cells and dense collagenous bands. Immunohistochemical studies revealed reactivity for CD34, CD99, and Bcl-2 protein, with no staining for keratin or muscle markers, confirming the diagnosis. The immunohistochemical study was the key to diagnosis. Several younger members of her family had colorectal and lung cancers suggesting the possibility of a familial or genetic susceptibility. PMID:26458681

  11. Method of manufacturing fibrous hemostatic bandages

    SciTech Connect

    Larsen, Gustavo; Spretz, Ruben; Velarde-Ortiz, Raffet

    2012-09-04

    A method of manufacturing a sturdy and pliable fibrous hemostatic dressing by making fibers that maximally expose surface area per unit weight of active ingredients as a means for aiding in the clot forming process and as a means of minimizing waste of active ingredients. The method uses a rotating object to spin off a liquid biocompatible fiber precursor, which is added at its center. Fibers formed then deposit on a collector located at a distance from the rotating object creating a fiber layer on the collector. An electrical potential difference is maintained between the rotating disk and the collector. Then, a liquid procoagulation species is introduced at the center of the rotating disk such that it spins off the rotating disk and coats the fibers.

  12. Acoustical properties of highly porous fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambert, R. F.

    1979-01-01

    Highly porous, fibrous bulk sound absorbing materials are studied with a view toward understanding their acoustical properties and performance in a wide variety of applications including liners of flow ducts. The basis and criteria for decoupling of acoustic waves in the pores of the frame and compressional waves in the frame structure are established. The equations of motion are recast in a form that elucidates the coupling mechanisms. The normal incidence surface impedance and absorption coefficient of two types of Kevlar 29 and an open celled foam material are studied. Experimental values and theoretical results are brought into agreement when the structure factor is selected to provide a fit to the experimental data. A parametric procedure for achieving that fit is established. Both a bulk material quality factor and a high frequency impedance level are required to characterize the real and imaginary part of the surface impedance and absorption coefficient. A derivation of the concepts of equivalent density and dynamic resistance is presented.

  13. [A case of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor].

    PubMed

    Tadokoro, Akira; Kawaguchi, Makoto; Koike, Hiroshi

    2010-06-01

    A 96-year-old female visited our hospital with a complaint of right flank pain. She was under treatment for diabetes mellitus, hypertension and moderate renal dysfunction in the department of internal medicine. Computer tomographic (CT) scan showed a mass 12 cm in diameter compressing the right kidney and inferior vena cava. We diagnosed the right renal cyst. Eight weeks later, CT scan revealed a gradual increase of the mass. We punctured the tumor in order to reduce her complaint and investigate the rumor. Because contrast material could not be infused into the mass, needle biopsy was performed. Pathological examination revealed hypercellularity of spindle cells, that showed positive for CD34, vimentin, desmin and Mic-2, and negative for S100, alphaSMA, c-kit, AE1/3, p53 and bcl-2. The tumor was finally diagnosed as solitary fibrous tumor.

  14. Cutaneous balloon cell dermatofibroma (fibrous histiocytoma).

    PubMed

    Tran, Tien Anh; Hayner-Buchan, Alida; Jones, David M; McRorie, Duane; Carlson, J Andrew

    2007-04-01

    Dermatofibroma (DF) or cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma is a common benign skin tumor that exhibits multiple, distinct histologic variants. Although clear cell DF has been described in the literature, balloon cell degeneration causing a clear cell DF phenotype has been not been reported to date. Herein, we describe the clinicopathologic findings of balloon cell DF arising on the heel of a 43-year-old man. Clinically, it presented as enlarging tan-white, ulcerated, firm 1.5 cm nodule, clinically suspected to be pyogenic granuloma. Excisional biopsy revealed a circumscribed fibrous tumor populated by mostly clear and spindle cells. A zonal arrangement separated the varied tumor cells where the most superficial, polypoid area showed large, clear polygonal balloon cells; the mid-dermal zone demonstrated a transition between balloon cells, epithelioid cells, and spindle cells; and the deep dermal zone had storiform arrangement of spindle cells, with the fascicles separated by coarse collagen bundles. A CD10+ > CD68+ > Factor XIIIa+ immunophenotype was identified with negative immunolabeling for S-100 protein, HMB-45, cytokeratin AE1/AE3, desmin, smooth muscle actin, lysozyme, and leukocyte common antigen (LCA). Ultrastructurally, the clear tumor cells were filled with multiple, empty, nonmembrane bound vacuoles of varying size. No recurrence has been described after complete excision and 7 months of follow up. DF with balloon cell change, likely secondary to persistent irritation, should be added to the differential diagnosis of cutaneous primary and metastatic neoplasms showing balloon cell degeneration such as balloon cell melanocytic nevi and renal cell carcinoma, respectively.

  15. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. A propos of a case].

    PubMed

    Marzi, M; D'Alpaos, M; Piras, P; Paiusco, A; Minervini, M S; Di Zitti, P

    2009-01-01

    Solitary Fibrous Tumors (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasm that typically originate from the pleura. However, cases of the SFT are described with origin in other organs, including the urinary and genital apparatus. Within the kidney, except from the renal pelvis, only 19 cases of SFT are described and such rarity of localization makes the histogenesis and the prognosis of the tumor rather unknown. We report the case of a 72-year-old lady who attended our Unit for a mass that was clinically palpable at the level of the left hemiabdomen. The tomodensitographic test indicated a 19cm-diameter mass of likely pertinence of the middle bystender of the left kidney. She had undergone left radical nephrectomy. The histological examination highlighted a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT): the presence of hypercellularity, of cellular pleiomorphism and of a high number of mitosis has led to a histological diagnosis of malignancy for the neoplasm analyzed. The SFT are of rare clinical comparison: this does not allow for a deep knowledge of the lesion histogenesis and prognosis; moreover, the clinical behavior should be more precisely defined.

  16. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thyroid gland: report of seven cases.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, I; Ayala, E; Caballero, C; De Miguel, C; Matias-Guiu, X; Cubilla, A L; Rosai, J

    2001-11-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is a soft tissue neoplasm initially described in the pleura but subsequently reported in a wide variety of locations. The clinical behavior is usually benign, but the existence of aggressive cases has been documented both in the pleura and in extrapleural sites. In this report clinical and pathologic features of seven solitary fibrous tumors of the thyroid gland are presented. Patients' ages ranged from 43 to 64 years (mean 52 years), and tumor sizes varied from 2 to 6 cm. Grossly, the tumors were white-tan and well circumscribed. Microscopically, there was a variegated, wavy, storiform, hemangiopericytic or desmoid-like arrangement of spindle cells. Trapped thyroid follicles within the tumor and peripheral jagged tumor infiltration among follicles were common. There was immunohistochemical reactivity for CD34, CD99, and bcl-2, and ultrastructural analysis of one tumor was consistent with a fibroblastic lineage. The differential diagnosis included other benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors of the thyroid, spindle cell follicular adenoma, Riedel's thyroiditis, the spindle cell, and paucicellular variants of anaplastic carcinoma, papillary thyroid carcinoma with exuberant nodular fasciitis-like stroma, and the spindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation. The cumulative data of 13 cases (comprised of the seven present cases and the six previously reported) suggest a benign clinical behavior for thyroid SFT.

  17. Pedunculated solitary fibrous tumours arising from the pleura.

    PubMed

    Poyraz, A; Kilic, D; Hatipoglu, A; Bakirci, T; Bilezikci, B

    2006-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is one of the rare tumours which arise from visceral pleura. Klemperer and Rabin first described SFT as a distinct clinical entity among primary pleural tumoUrs in 1931. Approximately 820 cases have been reported in literature to date. The management of patients with SFT is complete resection of the tumour and follow up of the patient to detect any possible late recurrence. In the present paper, we report two cases of pedunculated solitary fibrous tumours of the pleura that appeared as a wandering chest nodule to which surgical resection undertaken at our hospital. The aim is to summarise our experience in the management of solitary fibrous tumour.

  18. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Cerebello-Pontine Angle

    PubMed Central

    Biggs, Nigel D.; Fagan, Paul A.; Turner, Jennifer J.; Doust, Bruce

    1999-01-01

    A case is presented of solitary fibrous tumor occurring in the cerebello-pontine angle. There have been only two other reported cases of a solitary fibrous tumors in this region. Imaging studies showed the tumor to be characteristic in shape and position of an acoustic tumor. However, at surgery the tumor was found to have a “rock hard” consistency. Solitary fibrous tumor differs from acoustic schwannoma and meningioma in its histopathological features and in this case, regrowth, after incomplete excision, was extremely rapid. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6 PMID:17171119

  19. Surgical resection using retroperitoneal approach for solitary fibrous tumor in the pelvis.

    PubMed

    Shoji, Sunao; Nakano, Mayura; Yamamoto, Shinya; Okada, Naotaka; Nagata, Yoshihiro; Sekido, Yasutomo; Terayama, Hayato; Ito, Masahiro; Uchida, Toyoaki

    2011-07-01

    This report concerns a case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) for which surgical resection was performed using a retroperitoneal approach. A 41-year-old man was referred to our hospital with urinary retention. Abdominal ultrasound sonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) showed a hypervascular mass lesion in the pelvis. Transrectal biopsy showed SFT. Surgical resection was carried out using a retroperitoneal approach and preserving the neural network related to urinary and erectile functions. Based on immunohistochemical findings, the tumor was diagnosed to be malignant SFT in the pelvic cavity. Urinary function improved post-operation. There was no change to IIEF-5 and it continued to function well. The patient showed no sign of recurrence 12 months after surgery and required no additional therapy.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of the liver expressing CD34 and vimentin: a case report.

    PubMed

    Korkolis, Dimitris-P; Apostolaki, Katerina; Aggeli, Chrysanthi; Plataniotis, George; Gontikakis, Emmanuel; Volanaki, Dimitra; Sebastiadou, Maria; Dimitroulopoulos, Dimitris; Xinopoulos, Dimitris; Zografos, George-N; Vassilopoulos, Perikles-P

    2008-10-28

    A case of a successfully treated solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver is reported. An 82-year-old female presented with left upper abdominal discomfort, a firm mass on palpation, and imaging studies revealed a large tumor, 15 cm in diameter, arising from the left lobe of the liver. A formal left hepatectomy was performed. Microscopic evaluation showed spindle and fibroblast-like cells within the collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry disclosed diffuse CD34 and positive vimentin, supporting the diagnosis of a benign SFT. The patient remained well 21 months after surgery. SFT of the liver is a very rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. In most cases it is a benign lesion, although some may have malignant histological features and recur locally or metastasize. With less than 30 reported cases in the literature, little can be said regarding its natural history or the benefits of adjuvant radiochemotherapy. Complete surgical resection remains the cornerstone of its treatment.

  1. Recurrent solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: significant response to radiotherapy.

    PubMed

    Saynak, Mert; Bayir-Angin, Gulden; Kocak, Zafer; Oz-Puyan, Fulya; Hayar, Murat; Cosar-Alas, Rusen; Karamustafaoglu, Altemur; Yurut-Caloglu, Vuslat; Caloglu, Murat; Yoruk, Yener

    2010-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura is an uncommon neoplasm with non-specific symptoms and non-pathognomonical radiological findings. Surgery allows establishment of a definitive diagnosis as well as a cure of the disease. The role of radiotherapy or chemotherapy in the management of the disease is unclear because of the rarity of the disease and the successful results of the surgical treatment. Long-term clinical follow-up may be useful for the patients with SFT because of the potential adverse biological behavior of this tumor, which may lead to repeated recurrences and/or malignant transformation. We reported a 66-year-old woman with recurrence of SFT in the right lung, which had significant response to external thoracic radiotherapy.

  2. Potentially disseminated solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Tomoyuki; Endo, Shunsuke; Tsubochi, Hiroyoshi; Tetsuka, Kenji; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro

    2015-10-01

    We report a case involving a female patient with frequent relapse, pleural dissemination, and port site recurrence (PSR) of a pleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). At the age of 55 years, she underwent tumor resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The tumor arose from the mediastinal pleura; it was 7 cm in diameter and well demarcated. Histological examination showed neither hemorrhage nor necrosis, but moderate cellularity was present, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 15%. Despite complete resection, the tumor relapsed in the ipsilateral thoracic cavity 3 years postoperatively, and thoracoscopic complete tumor resection was performed; however, pleural lavage cytology (PLC) showed the presence of tumor cells. Multiple pleural dissemination and PSR developed 7 years after the initial surgery. The port site recurrent tumor was resected with the intercostal muscle via VATS. This case illustrates that a SFT may disseminate despite the fact that histological examination shows no evidence of malignancy.

  3. Solitary fibrous tumour of thyroid: report of two cases with immunohistochemical features and literature review.

    PubMed

    Santeusanio, Giuseppe; Schiaroli, Stefania; Ortenzi, Angela; Mulè, Antonino; Perrone, Giuseppe; Fadda, Guido

    2008-09-01

    Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare tumour principally found in adults in the pleural cavity. Extrapleural occurrences are rare. Two cases of SFT of the thyroid gland are described in this paper showing their distinctive microscopical architecture, namely "patternless growth pattern". It is characterized by a bland spindle-cell proliferation alternating hyper- and hypo-cellular areas, keloid-like hyalinization and a focal hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern. Tumour cells revealed a diffuse strong positivity for CD34, CD99, bcl-2 and Vimentin, but negativity for Desmin, EMA, AE1/AE3, SMA, S-100 and CD31 antibodies. The differential diagnosis of thyroid SFT includes different types of spindle cell proliferation, benign and malignant mesenchymal tumours, medullary thyroid carcinoma, fasciitis-like papillary carcinoma, and undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinoma. However, the morphologic and immunohistochemical findings of SFT are so characteristic that this diagnosis seldom represent a difficulty.

  4. Is a Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the External Auditory Canal Benign?

    PubMed

    Lee, Chi-Kyou; Lee, Hyun Ju

    2016-09-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an extremely rare, distinct otological soft-tissue tumor. Only two such tumors in the external auditory canal have been reported. A SFT related to hemangiopericytomas (HPC), which commonly arise in the central nervous system. HPCs act malignant in many cases, while SFTs at other sites are mainly benign. A 25-year-old female presented with highly vascular tumor at the right external auditory meatus and bleeding from the mass when a crust was removed from its surface. After excisional biopsy followed by pre-operative embolization, this tumor confirmed with SFT. The recurrence rate of SFT is very low after complete resection, with a slightly increased risk of recurrence with extrathoracic tumors. We describe the third case of SFT in the external auditory canal and review the literature. PMID:27626087

  5. Potentially disseminated solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Tomoyuki; Endo, Shunsuke; Tsubochi, Hiroyoshi; Tetsuka, Kenji; Nokubi, Mitsuhiro

    2015-10-01

    We report a case involving a female patient with frequent relapse, pleural dissemination, and port site recurrence (PSR) of a pleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). At the age of 55 years, she underwent tumor resection via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The tumor arose from the mediastinal pleura; it was 7 cm in diameter and well demarcated. Histological examination showed neither hemorrhage nor necrosis, but moderate cellularity was present, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 15%. Despite complete resection, the tumor relapsed in the ipsilateral thoracic cavity 3 years postoperatively, and thoracoscopic complete tumor resection was performed; however, pleural lavage cytology (PLC) showed the presence of tumor cells. Multiple pleural dissemination and PSR developed 7 years after the initial surgery. The port site recurrent tumor was resected with the intercostal muscle via VATS. This case illustrates that a SFT may disseminate despite the fact that histological examination shows no evidence of malignancy. PMID:26623132

  6. Is a Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the External Auditory Canal Benign?

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyun Ju

    2016-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an extremely rare, distinct otological soft-tissue tumor. Only two such tumors in the external auditory canal have been reported. A SFT related to hemangiopericytomas (HPC), which commonly arise in the central nervous system. HPCs act malignant in many cases, while SFTs at other sites are mainly benign. A 25-year-old female presented with highly vascular tumor at the right external auditory meatus and bleeding from the mass when a crust was removed from its surface. After excisional biopsy followed by pre-operative embolization, this tumor confirmed with SFT. The recurrence rate of SFT is very low after complete resection, with a slightly increased risk of recurrence with extrathoracic tumors. We describe the third case of SFT in the external auditory canal and review the literature. PMID:27626087

  7. Is a Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the External Auditory Canal Benign?

    PubMed

    Lee, Chi-Kyou; Lee, Hyun Ju

    2016-09-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an extremely rare, distinct otological soft-tissue tumor. Only two such tumors in the external auditory canal have been reported. A SFT related to hemangiopericytomas (HPC), which commonly arise in the central nervous system. HPCs act malignant in many cases, while SFTs at other sites are mainly benign. A 25-year-old female presented with highly vascular tumor at the right external auditory meatus and bleeding from the mass when a crust was removed from its surface. After excisional biopsy followed by pre-operative embolization, this tumor confirmed with SFT. The recurrence rate of SFT is very low after complete resection, with a slightly increased risk of recurrence with extrathoracic tumors. We describe the third case of SFT in the external auditory canal and review the literature.

  8. Is a Solitary Fibrous Tumor in the External Auditory Canal Benign?

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Hyun Ju

    2016-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an extremely rare, distinct otological soft-tissue tumor. Only two such tumors in the external auditory canal have been reported. A SFT related to hemangiopericytomas (HPC), which commonly arise in the central nervous system. HPCs act malignant in many cases, while SFTs at other sites are mainly benign. A 25-year-old female presented with highly vascular tumor at the right external auditory meatus and bleeding from the mass when a crust was removed from its surface. After excisional biopsy followed by pre-operative embolization, this tumor confirmed with SFT. The recurrence rate of SFT is very low after complete resection, with a slightly increased risk of recurrence with extrathoracic tumors. We describe the third case of SFT in the external auditory canal and review the literature.

  9. Rheumatic Diseases and Malignancies

    PubMed Central

    BOJINCA, Violeta; JANTA, Iustina

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT There are many studies which demonstrate a higher risk for malignancy in patients with rheumatic diseases. There have been a number of possible explanations for the differences in the risk of certain malignancies in patients with rheumatic disease, compared with general population, but a clear mechanism is difficult to identify. Rheumatoid syndromes may be associated with malignancy as paraneoplastic conditions, which can antedate the neoplasm diagnosis. On the other hand, autoimmune rheumatic diseases have a higher risk of malignancy by themselves or because of the immunosuppressant treatments. PMID:23482881

  10. Method for distributing chemicals through a fibrous material using low-headspace dielectric heating

    DOEpatents

    Banerjee, Sujit; Malcolm, Earl

    2002-01-01

    System and method for diffusing chemicals rapidly and evenly into and through fibrous material, such as wood. Chemicals are introduced into the fibrous material by applying the chemicals to the fibrous material. After treating the fibrous material with the chemicals, the fibrous material is maintained under low-headspace conditions. Thermal energy or dielectric heating, such as microwave or radio frequency energy, is applied to the fibrous material. As a result, the chemicals are able to distribute evenly and quickly throughout the fibrous material.

  11. [Undifferentiated high grade pleomorphic sarcoma/ malignant fibrous histiocytoma associated a gouty tophus. a case report].

    PubMed

    Szlabi, Susana; Flores, Jorge O; Diller, Ana L de; Cabrera, Marta

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: La gota es una enfermedad metabólica por depósito de cristales de ácido úrico, que compromete articulaciones y tejidos blandos tanto en sus etapas agudas como crónicas. Constituye un suceso poco común la aparición de un tumor en el sitio propio de la lesión. Objetivo: presentar un caso de asociación infrecuente entre tofo gotoso y sarcoma. Material y métodos: hombre de 83 años que consultó por tumoración en codo izquierdo de aproximadamente 40 años de evolución, que comenzó a doler espontáneamente. Con la presunción diagnóstica de tofo gotoso se trató quirúrgicamente. La lesión recidivó a los 60 días, se realizó reintervención y radioterapia por diagnóstico de tumor mesenquimal maligno asociado a tofo gotoso. A los 10 meses desarrolló metástasis ganglionar homolateral, falleció antes de los 2 años de la consulta inicial. Resultados: El diagnóstico de la primer biopsia fue tofo gotoso. En el material de reintervención se diagnosticó tofo gotoso asociado a neoplasia mesenquimal fusocelular de alto grado; la inmunohistoquímica reveló: vimentina +/+, MYO D1 -/-, ASMA -/-, FVIII -/-, A1ATT -/-, CD68-/-, S100-/- con resultado diagnóstico final de sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado de alto grado. Conclusión: Es infrecuente que los tofos gotosos se asocien a otras enfermedades y menos que lo hagan a tumores. En la bibliografía se han reportado tres casos previos concurrentes con neoplasias, las cuales fueron angiosarcoma, tumor de células gigantes y fibrohistiocitoma maligno. Estos últimos tienen una alta tendencia a recidivar y poseen capacidad de dar metástasis, especialmente a pulmones y ganglios regionales. Palabras clave: tofo gotoso, fibrohistiocitoma maligno, sarcoma pleomórfico indiferenciado.

  12. Reflective Coating on Fibrous Insulation for Reduced Heat Transfer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hass, Derek D.; Prasad, B. Durga; Glass, David E.; Wiedemann, Karl E.

    1997-01-01

    Radiative heat transfer through fibrous insulation used in thermal protection systems (TPS) is significant at high temperatures (1200 C). Decreasing the radiative heat transfer through the fibrous insulation can thus have a major impact on the insulating ability of the TPS. Reflective coatings applied directly to the individual fibers in fibrous insulation should decrease the radiative heat transfer leading to an insulation with decreased effective thermal conductivity. Coatings with high infrared reflectance have been developed using sol-gel techniques. Using this technique, uniform coatings can be applied to fibrous insulation without an appreciable increase in insulation weight or density. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, and ellipsometry have been performed to evaluate coating performance.

  13. Pancreatic solitary fibrous tumor causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome.

    PubMed

    Murakami, Keigo; Nakamura, Yasuhiro; Felizola, Saulo J A; Morimoto, Ryo; Satoh, Fumitoshi; Takanami, Kentaro; Katakami, Hideki; Hirota, Seiichi; Takeda, Yoshiyu; Meguro-Horike, Makiko; Horike, Shin-Ichi; Unno, Michiaki; Sasano, Hironobu

    2016-11-15

    Solitary fibrous tumors occasionally present with hypoglycemia because of the excessive release of insulin-like growth factor II. We report the first case of pancreatic solitary fibrous tumor causing ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome. An 82-year-old Japanese man presented with lower limb edema, uncontrolled hypertension, hypokalemia, and baseline hypercortisolism. Distal pancreatectomy was performed after the clinical diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor with ectopic secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone. On histological examination, the tumor showed spindle cells in a fascicular arrangement. The diagnosis of the solitary fibrous tumor was confirmed by the identification of the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene and positive immuno-histochemical staining for STAT6 and CD34. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, mRNA that encoded proopiomelanocortin, precursor of adrenocorticotropic hormone, was detected. Proopiomelanocortin production through the demethylation of the promoter region Domain IV was detected. Pancreatic solitary fibrous tumors represent a new cause of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome. PMID:27585487

  14. Localised fibrous mesothelioma arising in an intralobar pulmonary sequestration.

    PubMed Central

    Paksoy, N; Demircan, A; Altiner, M; Artvinli, M

    1992-01-01

    A localised fibrous mesothelioma arising from an intralobar lung sequestration occurred in a 64 year old Turkish woman. This appears to be the first report of a mesothelioma occurring within a pulmonary sequestration. Images PMID:1481189

  15. Failure Analysis and Mechanisms of Failure of Fibrous Composite Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noor, A. K. (Compiler); Shuart, M. J. (Compiler); Starnes, J. H., Jr. (Compiler); Williams, J. G. (Compiler)

    1983-01-01

    The state of the art of failure analysis and current design practices, especially as applied to the use of fibrous composite materials in aircraft structures is discussed. Deficiencies in these technologies are identified, as are directions for future research.

  16. Monostotic Fibrous Dysplasia of the Rib: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Mahadevappa, Asha; Patel, Sapna; Ravishankar, Sunila; Manjunath, Gubbanna V.

    2012-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a noninherited bone disease in which abnormal differentiation of osteoblasts leads to replacement of normal marrow and cancellous bone by immature bone with fibrous stroma. Monostotic fibrous dysplasia accounts for 28% in the ribs. It is often asymptomatic and incidentally detected on radiographs. As with many bone abnormalities, it can be superimposed by the formation of aneurysmal bone cysts. We report a case of a 70-year-old lady who presented with swelling on the chest wall of 20-ear duration and sudden increase in size for 8 months. Radiologically, X-ray and CT scan showed an expansible lesion of the medullary cavity with a ground-glass centre and thinning of cortex of the 5th rib. The resected lesion was a firm, well-defined solid, grey-white expansile mass replacing the medullary cavity. Histopathologically, benign fibrous spindle areas with disorganized irregular bony trabeculae were seen. Hemorrhagic spaces lined by osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells were also noted. The diagnosis was fibrous dysplasia with aneurysmal bone cyst changes. Although fibrous dysplasia with aneurysmal bone cyst is rare, it should be taken into account in differential diagnosis of the rapidly growing solitary rib lesion. PMID:23304592

  17. Primary malignant melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Mısır, A. Ferhat; Durmuşlar, Mustafa C.; Zerener, Tamer; Gün, Banu D.

    2016-01-01

    Malignant melanomas (MM) of the oral cavity are extremely rare, accounting for 0.2% to 8.0% of all malignant melanomas. Malignant melanomas is more frequently seen at the level of the hard palate and gingiva. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for reducing morbidity. Malignant melanoma cells stain positively with antibodies to human melanoma black 45, S-100 protein, and vimentin; therefore, immunohistochemistry can play an important role in evaluating the depth of invasion and the location of metastases. A 76-year-old man developed an oral malignant melanoma, which was originally diagnosed as a bluish reactive denture hyperplasia caused by an ill-fitting lower denture. The tumor was removed surgically, and histopathological examination revealed a nodular-type MM. There was no evidence of recurrence over a 4-year follow-up period. PMID:27052289

  18. Solitary fibrous tumor arising in gastric serosa.

    PubMed

    Lee, Won-Ae; Lee, Mi-Kyung; Jeen, Yoon Mi; Kie, Jeong-Hae; Chung, Jae-Joon; Yun, Seong Hyeon

    2004-06-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of peritoneum, especially arising in gastric serosa, is extremely rare. A case of SFT arising in gastric serosa of a 70-year-old man is reported. On abdominal computed tomography scan, an approximate 8.0 x 5.3 cm-sized solid mass with multiple nodular calcifications was noted in the omentomesentery of right upper abdomen, which was abutting to the gastric antral wall. At laparotomy the tumor was tightly attached to the gastric serosa and was completely excised by wedge resection of the stomach. The cut surfaces of the tumor were pale brown to pale yellow, firm, with multifocal yellowish, gritty, stony-hard nodules and cystic changes. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of mildly cellular benign-appearing spindle-shaped cells and bands of hyalinized collagen in varying proportions. The tumor revealed predominantly sclerosing pattern with extensive hyalinized fibrosis and multifocal dystrophic calcifications. The tumor was mainly located at the gastric serosa and subserosa, and its growth pattern was expansile with entrapping of muscularis propria and submucosa in the periphery of the tumor. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD34 and vimentin but negative for cytokeratin, desmin, smooth muscle actin, CD99 and c-kit. Although its occurrence is rare, SFT should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mesenchymal tumors of the stomach.

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor of the vagina.

    PubMed

    Akiyama, Y; Nabeshima, K; Koita, H; Yamanaka, M; Koono, M

    2000-04-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare tumor that most commonly arises in the pleura. Recent evidence has indicated that this tumor originates from mesenchymal, probably fibroblastic, cells and is not restricted to the pleura. However, its occurrence in the female genital tract is extremely rare. We report a case of primary SFT that originated from the vagina in a 34-year-old female. It was a pedunculated polypoid tumor and occurred at the site of scar tissue, caused by laceration during her last labor 7 years previously. Histologically, the tumor was predominantly composed of a random proliferation of spindle cells, intimately admixed with collagen. Immunohistochemically, the cells were strongly positive for CD34, vimentin and bcl-2, but were negative for S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, smooth muscle actin, desmin, CD68, cytokeratins and epithelial membrane antigen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a primary vaginal SFT in the English literature. Our report suggests to include SFT in the differential diagnosis of a spindle cell neoplasm originating from the vagina.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumour of the chest wall.

    PubMed

    Mohtarrudin, N; Nor Hanipah, Z; Mohd Dusa, N

    2016-04-01

    Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are rare tumours characterized by patternless spindle cells with haemangiopericytoma-like vascular spaces. Previously the tumours have been classified as haemangiopericytoma, an entity that is now considered obsolete. We report a case of extrapleural SFT arising in the soft tissue of the chest wall. The patient was a 31-year-old Malay lady presenting with a mobile swelling of the right chest wall for more than five years. During excision the tumour was noted to be well-circumscribed and yellowish in colour, giving an impression of lipoma. Microscopically, the tumour had patternless architecture, characterized by hypocellular and hypercellular areas. It was composed of uniform, spindle-shaped cells displaying oval nuclei, inconspicuous nucleoli, pale cytoplasm and indistinct cell borders. The mitotic count was 2 per 10 HPF. Branching, medium-sized thin-walled blood vessels in a haemangiopericytomatous growth pattern, some with hyalinised wall were identified. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive to CD99 and CD34 and were non-immunoreactive to Desmin, Smooth Muscle Actin, S100 protein and EMA. We elucidate the challenges in diagnosing this tumour in this unusual location.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the urinary bladder.

    PubMed

    Kim, Se Hoon; Cha, Kyung Bin; Choi, Young Deuk; Cho, Nam Hoon

    2004-06-30

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a distinct spindle cell tumor arising mainly in the pleura, however, SFT of extra-pleural sites had been reported. To our knowledge, five cases of the urinary bladder SFT had been reported. We have recently experienced a case of SFT of the urinary bladder in a 56-year- old man who was admitted to the hospital with a 4-month history of voiding difficulty, frequency, and residual urine sensation. A computerized tomography scan revealed a 12cm sized intravesical mass. The mass was marginally excised under the impression of it being a benign spindle cell tumor by pre-operative needle biopsy. On gross examination, the mass was multinodular, creamy white, and the cut surface was fibrotic with a rubbery consistency. Microscopic examination revealed haphazardly arranged spindle cells with a lace-like deposition of inter- and pericellular collagen. Areas of increased cellularity show nuclear atypia and occasional mitoses (2-3/10HPF). The immunohistochemical staining revealed an intense CD34 and bcl-2 immunoreactivity. Although the exact biologic behavior of these tumors has not been clarified, most of the reported cases have undergone a benign clinical course.

  2. Hierarchically engineered fibrous scaffolds for bone regeneration

    PubMed Central

    Sachot, Nadège; Castaño, Oscar; Mateos-Timoneda, Miguel A.; Engel, Elisabeth; Planell, Josep A.

    2013-01-01

    Surface properties of biomaterials play a major role in the governing of cell functionalities. It is well known that mechanical, chemical and nanotopographic cues, for example, influence cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we present a novel coating protocol to produce hierarchically engineered fibrous scaffolds with tailorable surface characteristics, which mimic bone extracellular matrix. Based on the sol–gel method and a succession of surface treatments, hollow electrospun polylactic acid fibres were coated with a silicon–calcium–phosphate bioactive organic–inorganic glass. Compared with pure polymeric fibres that showed a completely smooth surface, the coated fibres exhibited a nanostructured topography and greater roughness. They also showed improved hydrophilic properties and a Young's modulus sixfold higher than non-coated ones, while remaining fully flexible and easy to handle. Rat mesenchymal stem cells cultured on these fibres showed great cellular spreading and interactions with the material. This protocol can be transferred to other structures and glasses, allowing the fabrication of various materials with well-defined features. This novel approach represents therefore a valuable improvement in the production of artificial matrices able to direct stem cell fate through physical and chemical interactions. PMID:23985738

  3. Solitary fibrous tumour of the chest wall.

    PubMed

    Mohtarrudin, N; Nor Hanipah, Z; Mohd Dusa, N

    2016-04-01

    Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are rare tumours characterized by patternless spindle cells with haemangiopericytoma-like vascular spaces. Previously the tumours have been classified as haemangiopericytoma, an entity that is now considered obsolete. We report a case of extrapleural SFT arising in the soft tissue of the chest wall. The patient was a 31-year-old Malay lady presenting with a mobile swelling of the right chest wall for more than five years. During excision the tumour was noted to be well-circumscribed and yellowish in colour, giving an impression of lipoma. Microscopically, the tumour had patternless architecture, characterized by hypocellular and hypercellular areas. It was composed of uniform, spindle-shaped cells displaying oval nuclei, inconspicuous nucleoli, pale cytoplasm and indistinct cell borders. The mitotic count was 2 per 10 HPF. Branching, medium-sized thin-walled blood vessels in a haemangiopericytomatous growth pattern, some with hyalinised wall were identified. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive to CD99 and CD34 and were non-immunoreactive to Desmin, Smooth Muscle Actin, S100 protein and EMA. We elucidate the challenges in diagnosing this tumour in this unusual location. PMID:27126667

  4. Preconcentration of phenols by fibrous sorbents

    SciTech Connect

    Andreeva, I.Yu.; Kuvaldina, L.L.

    1995-01-01

    Phenols are among the most toxic contaminants of natural and waste waters. There are standard procedures for determining them in low concentrations. However, the samples cannot be preserved at phenol concentrations of 50 {mu}g/L or lower, and the determination of phenols must be performed no later than 2 h after sampling. This is not always possible. Because of this, the preconcentration of phenols at the site of sampling, followed by analysis of the concentrate in a stationary chemical laboratory after a time, is of interest. The technique of phenol preconcentration with active carbon, recommended in the standard procedure, is unsuitable for these purposes because the adsorption and desorption of phenols are too prolonged. At the same time, a fibrous carbon sorbent provides for a high rate of adsorption and desorption of some organic substances (humic acids, fulvic acids, and surfactants) it can be easily regenerated and repeatedly used. In this work, the authors investigated the possibility of using two fibers-namely, a carbon fiber and a polyethylene-polyamine-modified polyacrylonitrile-based fiber (PAN-PEA) containing amino groups with different numbers of substituents-for the preconcentration of phenols.

  5. Treating Fibrous Insulation to Reduce Thermal Conductivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zinn, Alfred; Tarkanian, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    A chemical treatment reduces the convective and radiative contributions to the effective thermal conductivity of porous fibrous thermal-insulation tile. The net effect of the treatment is to coat the surfaces of fibers with a mixture of transition-metal oxides (TMOs) without filling the pores. The TMO coats reduce the cross-sectional areas available for convection while absorbing and scattering thermal radiation in the pores, thereby rendering the tile largely opaque to thermal radiation. The treatment involves a sol-gel process: A solution containing a mixture of transition-metal-oxide-precursor salts plus a gelling agent (e.g., tetraethylorthosilicate) is partially cured, then, before it visibly gels, is used to impregnate the tile. The solution in the tile is gelled, then dried, and then the tile is fired to convert the precursor salts to the desired mixed TMO phases. The amounts of the various TMOs ultimately incorporated into the tile can be tailored via the concentrations of salts in the solution, and the impregnation depth can be tailored via the viscosity of the solution and/or the volume of the solution relative to that of the tile. The amounts of the TMOs determine the absorption and scattering spectra.

  6. Drugs Approved for Malignant Mesothelioma

    MedlinePlus

    ... Professionals Questions to Ask about Your Treatment Research Drugs Approved for Malignant Mesothelioma This page lists cancer ... in malignant mesothelioma that are not listed here. Drugs Approved for Malignant Mesothelioma Alimta (Pemetrexed Disodium) Pemetrexed ...

  7. A call to expand regulation to all carcinogenic fibrous minerals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baumann, F.; Steele, I.; Ambrosi, J.; Carbone, M.

    2013-05-01

    The regulatory term "asbestos" groups only the six fibrous minerals that were commercially used among approximately 400. The carcinogenicity of these six regulated minerals has been largely demonstrated and is related to fiber structure, fiber length/diameter ratio, and bio-persistence. From a public perception, the generic term "asbestos" refers to the fibrous minerals that cause asbestosis, mesothelioma and other cancers. However, other non-regulated fibrous minerals are potentially as dangerous as the regulatory asbestos because they share similar physical and chemical properties, epidemiological studies have demonstrated their relationship with asbestos-related diseases, and both in vitro and in vivo experiments have established the toxicity of these minerals. For example, the non-regulated asbestiform winchite and richterite minerals that contaminated the vermiculite mined from Libby, Montana, (USA) were associated with mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis observed among the area's residents and miners. Many other examples of non-regulated carcinogenic fibrous minerals include, but are not limited to, antigorite, arfvedsonite, balangeroite, carlosturanite, erionite, fluoro-edenite, hornblende, mordenite, palygorskite, and sepiolite. To propose a regulatory definition that would provide protection from all carcinogenic fibers, we have conducted an interdisciplinary literature review to compare the characteristics of "asbestos" and of non-regulated mineral fibers that relate to carcinogenicity. We specifically studied two non-regulated fibrous minerals that are associated with asbestos-related diseases: the serpentine antigorite and the zeolite erionite. Both examples underscore the problem of regulation based on commercial, rather than scientific principles: 1) the occurrence of fibrous antigorite in materials used to pave roads has been correlated with high mesothelioma rates in New Caledonia. Antigorite was also the cause of asbestosis in Poland, and in

  8. Diagnostic value of capsule-like rim enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging for distinguishing malignant from benign parotid tumours.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, M; Iikubo, M; Kojima, I; Sasano, T; Mugikura, S; Murata, T; Watanabe, M; Shiga, K; Ogawa, T; Takahashi, S

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the diagnostic value of capsule-like rim enhancement (CLRE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for distinguishing malignant from benign tumours of the parotid gland. We retrospectively evaluated contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images of 100 patients with malignant and benign parotid tumours for the presence, completeness, and irregularity of CLRE and its maximum thickness. We investigated any correlation of imaging and histopathological findings for 51 cases showing CLRE with available histology. The presence and completeness of CLRE did not differ significantly between benign and malignant tumours. Malignant tumours had more irregular CLRE than benign tumours (P<0.05). The mean CLRE thickness was significantly greater for malignant (2.4 mm) than benign tumours (1.4 mm) (P<0.0001). The two types of tumour were most accurately distinguished using a cut-off value of 1.5 mm thickness. Histopathology demonstrated the general correspondence of thick CLRE on MRI in malignant tumours with thick but sparse fibrous tissue and infiltration of tumour cells and lymphocytes, whereas thin CLRE in benign tumours typically represented dense fibrous tissue without infiltration of tumour cells. CLRE was more irregular and thicker in malignant tumours than in benign tumours, which may be of help in differentiating them.

  9. Aggressive CD34-positive fibrous scalp lesion of childhood: extrapulmonary solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Ramdial, P K; Madaree, A

    2001-01-01

    Although solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) was originally described as a pleural tumor, an increasing number of extrapleural sites of SFTs have been documented. This has been attributed not only to the heightened awareness of the spectrum of histopathological features that characterizes SFTs but also to the recognition of the role of CD34 immunostaining in soft tissue tumors in general, and in SFTs in particular. Despite the large number of documented extrapleural SFTs in adults, cranial SFTs are rare, having been documented in the meninges, scalp, and infratemporal fossa. Extrapleural SFTs are, to date, an unrecognized entity in children. We document an aggressive fibrous scalp lesion in a 30-month-old female child that demonstrated features common to benign cranial fasciitis and SFT. However, based on bright, diffuse CD34 antigen immunopositivity, a diagnosis of SFT was made. The need to include the CD34 antigen stain in a panel of immunohistochemical markers used to assess spindle cell lesions of childhood is emphasized.

  10. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of fibrous proteins.

    PubMed

    Millington, Keith R

    2012-09-01

    UV-visible diffuse reflectance (DR) spectra of the fibrous proteins wool and feather keratin, silk fibroin and bovine skin collagen are presented. Natural wool contains much higher levels of visible chromophores across the whole visible range (700-400 nm) than the other proteins and only those above 450 nm are effectively removed by bleaching. Both oxidative and reductive bleaching are inefficient for removing yellow chromophores (450-400 nm absorbers) from wool. The DR spectra of the four UV-absorbing amino acids tryptophan, tyrosine, cystine and phenylalanine were recorded as finely ground powders. In contrast to their UV-visible spectra in aqueous solution where tryptophan and tyrosine are the major UV absorbing species, surprisingly the disulphide chromophore of solid cystine has the strongest UV absorbance measured using the DR remission function F(R)(∞). The DR spectra of unpigmented feather and wool keratin appear to be dominated by cystine absorption near 290 nm, whereas silk fibroin appears similar to tyrosine. Because cystine has a flat reflectance spectrum in the visible region from 700 to 400 nm and the powder therefore appears white, cystine absorption does not contribute to the cream colour of wool despite the high concentration of cystine residues near the cuticle surface. The disulphide absorption of solid L: -cystine in the DR spectrum at 290 nm is significantly red shifted by ~40 nm relative to its wavelength in solution, whereas homocystine and lipoic acid showed smaller red shifts of 20 nm. The large red shift observed for cystine and the large difference in intensity of absorption in its UV-visible and DR spectra may be due to differences in the dihedral angle between the crystalline solid and the solvated molecules in solution. PMID:22218994

  11. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of fibrous proteins.

    PubMed

    Millington, Keith R

    2012-09-01

    UV-visible diffuse reflectance (DR) spectra of the fibrous proteins wool and feather keratin, silk fibroin and bovine skin collagen are presented. Natural wool contains much higher levels of visible chromophores across the whole visible range (700-400 nm) than the other proteins and only those above 450 nm are effectively removed by bleaching. Both oxidative and reductive bleaching are inefficient for removing yellow chromophores (450-400 nm absorbers) from wool. The DR spectra of the four UV-absorbing amino acids tryptophan, tyrosine, cystine and phenylalanine were recorded as finely ground powders. In contrast to their UV-visible spectra in aqueous solution where tryptophan and tyrosine are the major UV absorbing species, surprisingly the disulphide chromophore of solid cystine has the strongest UV absorbance measured using the DR remission function F(R)(∞). The DR spectra of unpigmented feather and wool keratin appear to be dominated by cystine absorption near 290 nm, whereas silk fibroin appears similar to tyrosine. Because cystine has a flat reflectance spectrum in the visible region from 700 to 400 nm and the powder therefore appears white, cystine absorption does not contribute to the cream colour of wool despite the high concentration of cystine residues near the cuticle surface. The disulphide absorption of solid L: -cystine in the DR spectrum at 290 nm is significantly red shifted by ~40 nm relative to its wavelength in solution, whereas homocystine and lipoic acid showed smaller red shifts of 20 nm. The large red shift observed for cystine and the large difference in intensity of absorption in its UV-visible and DR spectra may be due to differences in the dihedral angle between the crystalline solid and the solvated molecules in solution.

  12. Biphasic solitary fibrous tumour: a report of two cases with epithelioid features.

    PubMed

    Awasthi, R; O'Neill, J K; Keen, C E; Sarsfield, P T L; Devaraj, V S; Stone, C A; Smith, M E F

    2006-03-01

    We present two cases of solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) showing biphasic morphology with a spectrum of malignant epithelioid components. Slides prepared from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue from both cases were stained with haematoxylin and eosin and by immunohistochemistry. Interphase fluorescent in situ hybridisation studies were performed in both cases using paraffin-embedded tissue to look for the t(X;18) translocation, thereby to exclude synovial sarcoma. Both cases showed biphasic morphology with some areas having typical benign spindled SFT morphology (including CD34 expression) and other areas having a malignant epithelioid appearance. In one of the cases, the epithelioid area, which was well circumscribed and showed packeting of cell groups, demonstrated expression of cytokeratin and epithelial cadherin but not of CD34. In the second case, the immunophenotype of the epithelioid component was similar to that of the benign SFT component. These findings suggest that epithelioid change in SFT shows a range of differentiation at one end, similar to that of a standard SFT, and at the other end, possibly acquiring epithelial characteristics.

  13. F-18 FDG PET/CT and Tc-99m sulfur colloid SPECT imaging in the diagnosis and treatment of a case of dual solitary fibrous tumors of the retroperitoneum and pancreas.

    PubMed

    Azadi, Javad; Subhawong, Andrea; Durand, Daniel James

    2012-03-01

    Although FDG PET is increasingly used for the staging of many types of sarcoma, little has been written regarding the FDG PET imaging characteristics of solitary fibrous tumor. We report a patient undergoing FDG PET/CT surveillance for squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue who was incidentally found to have two soft tissue masses in the retroperitoneum and pancreatic tail. Due to their low degree of FDG avidity, they were followed conservatively for approximately one year as they gradually increased in size. Technetium-99m sulfur colloid SPECT helped confirm that the pancreatic tail mass was not a splenule, after which both lesions were surgically resected and found to be extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors without malignant features. These findings suggest that, as with other low-grade sarcomas, benign extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors exhibit relatively little glycolytic metabolism in vivo.

  14. Panuveal malignant mesenchymoma.

    PubMed

    Pe'er, J; Neudorfer, M; Ron, N; Anteby, I; Lazar, M; Rosenmann, E

    1995-09-01

    Intraocular malignant mesenchymal tumors are very rare, and only a few case reports of such primary and metastatic tumors have been reported. We report a case of a malignant mesenchymoma involving the entire uveal tract. A 21-year-old woman presented with a tumor on the whole iris of the right eye, which caused intractable glaucoma. Upon enucleation of the eye, a very anaplastic tumor was found to occupy the whole uveal tract; its features were compatible with a tumor of mesenchymal origin, including rhabdomyosarcomatous and liposarcomatous characteristics. Choroidal osteoma was a coincidental finding. The histologic findings of the tumor were of two types of malignant mesenchymal tumors, and therefore the diagnosis of malignant mesenchymoma was made. This is to our knowledge the first tumor of its kind to be reported intraocularly. PMID:7668945

  15. The Malignant Protein Puzzle.

    PubMed

    Walker, Lary C; Jucker, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    When most people hear the words malignant and brain, cancer immediately comes to mind. But our authors argue that proteins can be malignant too, and can spread harmfully through the brain in neurodegenerative diseases that include Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, CTE, and ALS. Studying how proteins such as PrP, amyloid beta, tau, and others aggregate and spread, and kill brain cells, represents a crucial new frontier in neuroscience. PMID:27408676

  16. Oxidative stress inhibition and oxidant activity by fibrous clays.

    PubMed

    Cervini-Silva, Javiera; Nieto-Camacho, Antonio; Gómez-Vidales, Virginia

    2015-09-01

    Fibrous clays (sepiolite, palygorskite) are produced at 1.2m tonnes per year and have a wide range of industrial applications needing to replace long-fibre length asbestos. However, information on the beneficial effects of fibrous clays on health remains scarce. This paper reports on the effect of sepiolite (Vallecas, Spain) and palygorskite (Torrejón El Rubio, Spain) on cell damage via oxidative stress (determined as the progress of lipid peroxidation, LP). The extent of LP was assessed using the Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay. The oxidant activity by fibrous clays was quantified using Electron-Paramagnetic Resonance. Sepiolite and palygorskite inhibited LP, whereby corresponding IC50 values were 6557±1024 and 4250±289μgmL(-1). As evidenced by dose-response experiments LP inhibition by palygorskite was surface-controlled. Fibrous clay surfaces did not stabilize HO species, except for suspensions containing 5000μgmL(-1). A strong oxidant (or weak anti-oxidant) activity favours the inhibition of LP by fibrous clays.

  17. Oxidative stress inhibition and oxidant activity by fibrous clays.

    PubMed

    Cervini-Silva, Javiera; Nieto-Camacho, Antonio; Gómez-Vidales, Virginia

    2015-09-01

    Fibrous clays (sepiolite, palygorskite) are produced at 1.2m tonnes per year and have a wide range of industrial applications needing to replace long-fibre length asbestos. However, information on the beneficial effects of fibrous clays on health remains scarce. This paper reports on the effect of sepiolite (Vallecas, Spain) and palygorskite (Torrejón El Rubio, Spain) on cell damage via oxidative stress (determined as the progress of lipid peroxidation, LP). The extent of LP was assessed using the Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay. The oxidant activity by fibrous clays was quantified using Electron-Paramagnetic Resonance. Sepiolite and palygorskite inhibited LP, whereby corresponding IC50 values were 6557±1024 and 4250±289μgmL(-1). As evidenced by dose-response experiments LP inhibition by palygorskite was surface-controlled. Fibrous clay surfaces did not stabilize HO species, except for suspensions containing 5000μgmL(-1). A strong oxidant (or weak anti-oxidant) activity favours the inhibition of LP by fibrous clays. PMID:26071933

  18. Stress transfer through fibrous materials in wicking experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monaenkova, Daria; Andrukh, Taras; Kornev, Konstantin

    2009-11-01

    Due to the recent progress in preparation of fibers and nanofibers with different properties, the idea of smart textiles attracts much attention. In many situations the probes and sensors are designed for bio fluid detection. The liquid penetration in fibrous materials causes their deformations including stretching, twisting, wrinkling, buckling etc. The most of researches on wicking properties of textiles are focused on determination of media permeability and ignore the specific features of fibrous materials. On the other hand the theoretical works on quantitative analysis of the deformation effects in porous materials filled with liquids are mostly focused on deformation of fully saturated samples. The fundamental understanding of the stress transfer through the fiber network is crucial for sensors development, but to the best of our knowledge, the stress analysis in the fibrous materials absorbing liquids has never been discussed in the literature. This paper sets a physical basis for analysis of absorption processes in nanotubular and nanofibrous materials. We study absorption of droplets by yarns and webs made of fibers, develop a theory which explains the stress distribution in fibrous materials and checked this theory on wicking experiments. The reported theory and experiments propose a new area of research on absorption-induced deformations of fibrous materials.

  19. Electrospun nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte for secondary lithium battery applications

    SciTech Connect

    Padmaraj, O.; Rao, B. Nageswara; Jena, Paramananda; Satyanarayana, N.; Venkateswarlu, M.

    2014-04-24

    Hybrid nanocomposite [poly(vinylidene fluoride -co- hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-co-HFP)/magnesium aluminate (MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4})] fibrous polymer membranes were prepared by electrospinning method. The prepared pure and nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membranes were soaked into the liquid electrolyte 1M LiPF{sub 6} in EC: DEC (1:1,v/v). XRD and SEM are used to study the structural and morphological studies of nanocomposite electrospun fibrous polymer membranes. The nanocomposite fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane with 5 wt.% of MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} exhibits high ionic conductivity of 2.80 × 10{sup −3} S/cm at room temperature. The charge-discharge capacity of Li/LiCoO{sub 2} coin cells composed of the newly prepared nanocomposite [(16 wt.%) PVdF-co-HFP+(5 wt.%) MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}] fibrous polymer electrolyte membrane was also studied and compared with commercial Celgard separator.

  20. LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1 fusion genes identified by RNA sequencing in aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma with t(3;11)(p21;q13).

    PubMed

    Panagopoulos, Ioannis; Gorunova, Ludmila; Bjerkehagen, Bodil; Lobmaier, Ingvild; Heim, Sverre

    2015-11-01

    RNA sequencing of an aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma with the karyotype 46,XY,t(3;11)(p21;q13),del(6)(p23)[17]/46,XY[2] showed that the t(3;11) generated two fusion genes: LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1. RT-PCR together with Sanger sequencing verified the presence of fusion transcripts from both fusion genes. In the LAMTOR1-PRKCD fusion, the part of the PRKCD gene coding for the catalytic domain of the serine/threonine kinase is under control of the LAMTOR1 promoter. In the NUMA1-SFMBT1 fusion, the part of the SFMBT1 gene coding for two of four malignant brain tumor domains and the sterile alpha motif domain is controlled by the NUMA1 promoter. The data support a neoplastic genesis of aneurysmal benign fibrous histiocytoma and indicate a pathogenetic role for LAMTOR1-PRKCD and NUMA1-SFMBT1.

  1. Post-radiation fibrosarcoma of the cerebrum associated with a prominent, lace-like, perivascular, desmoplastic change.

    PubMed

    Shintaku, Masayuki; Adachi, Yasushi; Takeuchi, Yasuhide; Yamamoto, Daisuke; Koyama, Junji

    2016-04-01

    An intra-axial tumor measuring about 4 cm was excised from the right temporal lobe of a 35-year-old woman, who had a past history of resection of craniopharyngioma and postoperative radiation 21 years earlier. The tumor involved both the cortex and white matter, but was not attached to the dura mater. It consisted of a dense, interlacing, fascicular proliferation of atypical fibroblastic cells and was associated with an extensive, lace-like, desmoplastic change mainly involving the perivascular region around the tumor and overlying the subarachnoid space. The histopathological features of the desmoplastic change resembled meningioangiomatosis, but no proliferation of meningothelial cells was noted. The patient has been free from recurrence for 12 months since the operation. The association of primary cerebral fibrosarcoma with an extensive, lace-like, perivascular, desmoplastic change has not been documented in the literature. The radiation administered 21 years previously may have played some pathogenetic role in the perivascular desmoplastic change, and a malignant transformation of fibroblasts within the perivascular collagenous tissue is considered the most likely origin of the fibrosarcoma.

  2. CD-34 and keratin expression distinguishes solitary fibrous tumor (fibrous mesothelioma) of pleura from desmoplastic mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Flint, A; Weiss, S W

    1995-04-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) often involve the pleura and also may encompass the peritoneum and nonserosal sites. On occasion SFTs mimics other neoplasms, including desmoplastic mesothelioma. CD-34, initially characterized as a hematopoietic progenitor cell antigen, recently has been identified in a small number of SFTs. Based on this observation, we compared the keratin, vimentin, and CD-34 expression of 19 SFTs and eight desmoplastic mesotheliomas. Fifteen of 19 SFTs (78.9%) expressed CD-34, whereas keratin expression was absent in all SFTs. In contrast, none of the desmoplastic mesotheliomas expressed CD-34 and keratin expression was found in seven of eight (87.5%). Vimentin expression was noted in 18 of 19 SFTs and in seven of eight desmoplastic mesotheliomas. We conclude that CD-34 expression distinguishes SFT from desmoplastic mesothelioma. Additionally, the results of our study support the idea that SFT is not derived from or related to conventional mesothelium.

  3. Water-related absorption in fibrous diamonds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zedgenizov, D. A.; Shiryaev, A. A.; Kagi, H.; Navon, O.

    2003-04-01

    Cubic and coated diamonds from several localities (Brasil, Canada, Yakutia) were investigated using spectroscopic techniques. Special emphasis was put on investigation of water-related features of transmission Infra-red and Raman spectra. Presence of molecular water is inferred from broad absorption bands in IR at 3420 and 1640 cm-1. These bands were observed in many of the investigated samples. It is likely that molecular water is present in microinclusions in liquid state, since no clear indications of solid H_2O (ice VI-VII, Kagi et al., 2000) were found. Comparison of absorption by HOH and OH vibrations shows that diamonds can be separated into two principal groups: those containing liquid water (direct proportionality of OH and HOH absorption) and those with stronger absorption by OH group. Fraction of diamonds in every group depends on their provenance. There might be positive correlation between internal pressure in microinclusions (determined using quartz barometer, Navon et al., 1988) and affiliation with diamonds containing liquid water. In many cases absorption by HOH vibration is considerably lower than absorption by hydroxyl (OH) group. This may be explained if OH groups are partially present in mineral and/or melt inclusions. This hypothesis is supported by following fact: in diamonds with strong absorption by silicates and other minerals shape and position of the OH band differs from that in diamonds with low absorption by minerals. Moreover, in Raman spectra of individual inclusions sometimes the broad band at 3100 cm-1 is observed. This band is OH-related. In some samples water distribution is not homogeneous. Central part of the diamond usually contains more water than outer parts, but this is not a general rule for all the samples. Water absorption usually correlated with absorption of other components (carbonates, silicates and others). At that fibrous diamonds with relatively high content of silicates are characterized by molecular water. OH

  4. Structural characteristics, dispersion, and modification of fibrous brucite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Xi; Chuan, Xiu-yun

    2014-01-01

    Fibrous brucite has very unique structure and physical properties. Brucite fibers were exfoliated into single nanofibers by using dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (AOT) as a dispersant through mechanical agitation and ultrasonic dispersion; and then, the nanofibers were modified by stearic acid and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (γ-APS) compound modification agent. The nanofibers were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermal gravimetric analysis. It is found that AOT has good effect on the dispersion. The single fiber has a consistent morphology, and fibrous brucite is dispersed and modified without destroying the crystal structure. Infrared and thermal analysis shows that the surface modification of fibrous brucite is achieved by forming chemical bonds between the coupling agent and magnesium hydroxide.

  5. Magnetoelectric effects in multiferroic fibrous composite with imperfect interface

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, X.; Pan, E.

    2007-12-01

    This paper investigates the magnetoelectroelastic responses of multiferroic fibrous composites with imperfectly bonded interface under longitudinal shear. The proposed imperfect interface model is a natural generalization of the shear lag (or the spring layer) model. By virtue of the complex variable method, we first consider the case where an isolated circular multiferroic fiber is imperfectly bonded to an infinite multiferroic matrix. Very concise expressions for the complex field potentials characterizing the magnetoelectroelastic fields inside and outside the circular fiber are obtained when the matrix is subjected to the remote uniform magnetoelectroelastic loading. The Mori-Tanaka mean-field method is then employed to derive the effective moduli of the multiferroic fibrous composite made of randomly distributed fibers reinforced to the matrix. Particularly we demonstrate that the interfacial imperfection in elasticity, electricity, and magnetism will always cause a significant reduction in the magnetoelectric coefficient of the BaTiO{sub 3}-CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} fibrous composite.

  6. 4D fibrous materials: characterising the deployment of paper architectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulakkal, Manu C.; Seddon, Annela M.; Whittell, George; Manners, Ian; Trask, Richard S.

    2016-09-01

    Deployment of folded paper architecture using a fluid medium as the morphing stimulus presents a simple and inexpensive methodology capable of self-actuation; where the underlying principles can be translated to develop smart fibrous materials capable of programmable actuations. In this study we characterise different paper architectures and their stimuli mechanisms for folded deployment; including the influence of porosity, moisture, surfactant concentration, temperature, and hornification. We observe that actuation time decreases with paper grammage; through the addition of surfactants, and when the temperature is increased at the fluid–vapour interface. There is a clear effect of hydration, water transport and the interaction of hydrogen bonds within the fibrous architecture which drives the deployment of the folded regions. The importance of fibre volume fraction and functional fillers in shape recovery was also observed, as well as the effect of a multilayer composite paper system. The design guidelines shown here will inform the development of synthetic fibrous actuators for repeated deployment.

  7. Frontorbital Fibrous Dysplasia Resection and Reconstruction With Custom Polyetherlatone Alloplast.

    PubMed

    Nahumi, Nadav; Shohet, Michael R; Bederson, Joshua B; Elahi, Ebrahim

    2015-11-01

    Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign, pathological development of bone. Craniofacial bones are the most commonly involved and can potentially cause visual disturbance, proptosis, orbital dystopia, and facial deformity. This case involves a 13-year-old girl with significant proptosis (20 mm left, 17.5 mm right) and downward displacement of the left globe (1.5 mm) due to fibrous dysplasia. Reconstruction was performed with computed tomography-derived and 3D printed custom polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implantation. PEEK is a nonabsorbable, nonporous thermoplastic polymer notable for its ability to be modified intraoperatively and ideal imaging properties postoperatively. Never, to our knowledge, has PEEK been used for primary reconstruction of the frontal orbital region in fibrous dysplasia in a child. The lesion was successfully repaired with excellent aesthetic and no apparent damage to neurovascular or ocular structures. PMID:26594985

  8. Fibrous minerals from Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, Manuela; Nestola, Fabrizio; Ghiara, Maria R.; Capitelli, Francesco

    2016-08-01

    A survey on fibrous minerals coming from the densely populated area of Campania around the Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex (Italy) was performed by means of a multi-methodological approach, based on morphological analyses, EMPA/WDS and SEM/EDS applications, and unit-cell determination through X-ray diffraction data. Such mineralogical investigation aims to provide suitable tools to the identification of fibrous natural phases, to improve the knowledge of both geochemical, petrogenetic and regional mineralogy of Somma-Vesuvius area, and to emphasize the presence of minerals with fibrous habit in all volcanic environments. The survey also fits well in the calls of health and environment of Horizon 2020 program of the European Commission (Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials).

  9. 4D fibrous materials: characterising the deployment of paper architectures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulakkal, Manu C.; Seddon, Annela M.; Whittell, George; Manners, Ian; Trask, Richard S.

    2016-09-01

    Deployment of folded paper architecture using a fluid medium as the morphing stimulus presents a simple and inexpensive methodology capable of self-actuation; where the underlying principles can be translated to develop smart fibrous materials capable of programmable actuations. In this study we characterise different paper architectures and their stimuli mechanisms for folded deployment; including the influence of porosity, moisture, surfactant concentration, temperature, and hornification. We observe that actuation time decreases with paper grammage; through the addition of surfactants, and when the temperature is increased at the fluid-vapour interface. There is a clear effect of hydration, water transport and the interaction of hydrogen bonds within the fibrous architecture which drives the deployment of the folded regions. The importance of fibre volume fraction and functional fillers in shape recovery was also observed, as well as the effect of a multilayer composite paper system. The design guidelines shown here will inform the development of synthetic fibrous actuators for repeated deployment.

  10. Heat Transfer in High-Temperature Fibrous Insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Daryabeigi, Kamran

    2002-01-01

    The combined radiation/conduction heat transfer in high-porosity, high-temperature fibrous insulations was investigated experimentally and numerically. The effective thermal conductivity of fibrous insulation samples was measured over the temperature range of 300-1300 K and environmental pressure range of 1.33 x 10(exp -5)-101.32 kPa. The fibrous insulation samples tested had nominal densities of 24, 48, and 72 kilograms per cubic meter and thicknesses of 13.3, 26.6 and 39.9 millimeters. Seven samples were tested such that the applied heat flux vector was aligned with local gravity vector to eliminate natural convection as a mode of heat transfer. Two samples were tested with reverse orientation to investigate natural convection effects. It was determined that for the fibrous insulation densities and thicknesses investigated no heat transfer takes place through natural convection. A finite volume numerical model was developed to solve the governing combined radiation and conduction heat transfer equations. Various methods of modeling the gas/solid conduction interaction in fibrous insulations were investigated. The radiation heat transfer was modeled using the modified two-flux approximation assuming anisotropic scattering and gray medium. A genetic-algorithm based parameter estimation technique was utilized with this model to determine the relevant radiative properties of the fibrous insulation over the temperature range of 300-1300 K. The parameter estimation was performed by least square minimization of the difference between measured and predicted values of effective thermal conductivity at a density of 24 kilograms per cubic meters and at nominal pressures of 1.33 x 10(exp -4) and 99.98 kPa. The numerical model was validated by comparison with steady-state effective thermal conductivity measurements at other densities and pressures. The numerical model was also validated by comparison with a transient thermal test simulating reentry aerodynamic heating

  11. [Fibrous dysplasia of bone in a 12-year old girl].

    PubMed

    Bieniasz, Jolanta; Maj, Anna; Noczyńska, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a rare congenital bone disease, usually coming out before the age of 30. It is 2.5% of all bone tumours and 7.5 % of benign tumours of bones. The authors present a case of a 12-years old girl with fibrous dysplasia of bone admitted to the Department with hyperparathyroidism suspicion. Pathological changes were localized in the orbital cavity and sinuses. The diagnosis was established on the basis of the clinical course, imaging and histopathological examinations. The therapy with pamidronian acid was applied.

  12. Solitary Fibrous Tumor in a Female Urinary Bladder.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, Hiba J; Menon, Sharifa

    2016-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the bladder are extremely rare especially in the females. This is the third case of SFT in a female urinary bladder. We are presenting a case of 36-years-old female who underwent a procedure for what thought to be cervical myoma. Cystectomy and bilateral ureteral re-implantation were performed. Mass showed to be solitary fibrous tumor of the urinary bladder. These tumors are rarely occur in extrapleural spaces. Only few cases had been reported in the urinary bladder including 2 in the female and 10 in the male bladder.

  13. Solitary Fibrous Tumor in a Female Urinary Bladder.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, Hiba J; Menon, Sharifa

    2016-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors of the bladder are extremely rare especially in the females. This is the third case of SFT in a female urinary bladder. We are presenting a case of 36-years-old female who underwent a procedure for what thought to be cervical myoma. Cystectomy and bilateral ureteral re-implantation were performed. Mass showed to be solitary fibrous tumor of the urinary bladder. These tumors are rarely occur in extrapleural spaces. Only few cases had been reported in the urinary bladder including 2 in the female and 10 in the male bladder. PMID:27335777

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of maxilla: A rare entity

    PubMed Central

    Heera, R; Chandran, M Renu; Padmakumar, S K; Rajeev, R

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a ubiquitous rare mesenchymal neoplasm. Pleura is the favored site of origin and is rare in the oral cavity. SFT occurs across a wide histopathologic spectrum. Fibrous form characterized by hyalinized, thick-walled vessels with opened lumina and strong CD34 reactivity constitute one end and on the other end, a cellular form representing the conventional hemangiopericytoma, with branched, thin-walled vessels and focal or negative CD34 reactivity characterize the spectrum. A case of oral SFT in a 30-year-old female patient with its clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features is being presented here. PMID:27721623

  15. Interfacial Micromechanics in Fibrous Composites: Design, Evaluation, and Models

    PubMed Central

    Lei, Zhenkun; Li, Xuan; Qin, Fuyong; Qiu, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances of interfacial micromechanics in fiber reinforced composites using micro-Raman spectroscopy are given. The faced mechanical problems for interface design in fibrous composites are elaborated from three optimization ways: material, interface, and computation. Some reasons are depicted that the interfacial evaluation methods are difficult to guarantee the integrity, repeatability, and consistency. Micro-Raman study on the fiber interface failure behavior and the main interface mechanical problems in fibrous composites are summarized, including interfacial stress transfer, strength criterion of interface debonding and failure, fiber bridging, frictional slip, slip transition, and friction reloading. The theoretical models of above interface mechanical problems are given. PMID:24977189

  16. Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Tataroğlu, Canten; Çulhacı, Nil; Çeçen, Emre

    2015-01-01

    Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of uncertain differentiation and low metastatic potential, which occurs predominantly in children and young adults. It occurs mostly within the extremities, trunk, head and neck. It can be associated with systemic manifestations such as anemia, pyrexia and malaise. Its morphology is distinct, with an outer shell of lymphoid tissue, sheets of dendritic-like tumor cells with bland nuclei and blood-filled cystic cavities. Herein, we present a case of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma with systemic symptoms before any mass was clinically detectable, arising in the scalp of a 10-year-old girl. PMID:26613231

  17. Kinetics of adsorption with granular, powdered, and fibrous activated carbon

    SciTech Connect

    Shmidt, J.L.; Pimenov, A.V.; Lieberman, A.I.; Cheh, H.Y.

    1997-08-01

    The properties of three different types of activated carbon, fibrous, powdered, and granular, were investigated theoretically and experimentally. The adsorption rate of the activated carbon fiber was found to be two orders of magnitude higher than that of the granular activated carbon, and one order of magnitude higher than that of the powdered activated carbon. Diffusion coefficients of methylene blue in the fibrous, powdered, and granular activated carbons were determined experimentally. A new method for estimating the meso- and macropore surface areas in these carbons was proposed.

  18. Interfacial micromechanics in fibrous composites: design, evaluation, and models.

    PubMed

    Lei, Zhenkun; Li, Xuan; Qin, Fuyong; Qiu, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances of interfacial micromechanics in fiber reinforced composites using micro-Raman spectroscopy are given. The faced mechanical problems for interface design in fibrous composites are elaborated from three optimization ways: material, interface, and computation. Some reasons are depicted that the interfacial evaluation methods are difficult to guarantee the integrity, repeatability, and consistency. Micro-Raman study on the fiber interface failure behavior and the main interface mechanical problems in fibrous composites are summarized, including interfacial stress transfer, strength criterion of interface debonding and failure, fiber bridging, frictional slip, slip transition, and friction reloading. The theoretical models of above interface mechanical problems are given. PMID:24977189

  19. Multifocal peritoneal calcifying fibrous tumour: incidental finding at cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Gatt, Noel; Falzon, Sharon; Ratynska, Marzena

    2011-01-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumour (CFT) is a benign tumour of elusive aetiology and a potential for local recurrence. Despite its peculiar histological characteristics it can still be confused with interrelated differential diagnosis like inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) or solitary fibrous tumours. The clinical differential diagnosis is however much wider. To date seven cases of multiple peritoneal CFTs are on record. The authors present a case discovered incidentally during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with no previous history and no radiological diagnosis achieved despite having undergone magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and normal routine perioperative investigation. The patient is disease-free 12 months after diagnosis. The case report is followed by a detailed literature review. PMID:22689663

  20. Nuclear expression of STAT6 distinguishes solitary fibrous tumor from histologic mimics.

    PubMed

    Doyle, Leona A; Vivero, Marina; Fletcher, Christopher Dm; Mertens, Fredrik; Hornick, Jason L

    2014-03-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is composed of spindled to ovoid cells in a patternless architecture with prominent stromal collagen and hemangiopericytoma-like vessels. Some tumors show hypercellularity, nuclear atypia, and significant mitotic activity; the latter feature in particular often portends an aggressive clinical course. SFT can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from other benign mesenchymal tumors and sarcomas. The most characteristic (albeit nonspecific) immunohistochemical finding in SFT is CD34 expression. A NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion, resulting in a chimeric protein in which a repressor domain of NGFI-A binding protein 2 (EGR1 binding protein 2) (NAB2) is replaced with a carboxy-terminal transactivation domain from signal transducer and activator of transcription 6, interleukin-4 induced (STAT6), was recently identified as a consistent finding in SFT. However, as these genes are located in close proximity on 12q13, this fusion can only rarely be detected by conventional chromosomal banding or fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Nuclear expression of the carboxy terminal part of STAT6 is a consistent finding in SFT of the meninges (so-called 'meningeal hemangiopericytoma'). We investigated STAT6 expression by immunohistochemistry in SFTs and other soft tissue tumors arising outside the central nervous system to validate the diagnostic utility of this novel marker. Whole-tissue sections of 231 tumors were evaluated, including 60 cases of SFT as well as other benign and malignant mesenchymal neoplasms and sarcomatoid mesotheliomas. Fifty-nine of 60 SFT cases (98%) showed nuclear expression of STAT6, which was usually diffuse and intense. All other tumor types were negative for STAT6, except for three dedifferentiated liposarcomas and one deep fibrous histiocytoma, which showed weak staining. In conclusion, STAT6 is a highly sensitive and almost perfectly specific immunohistochemical marker for SFT and can be helpful to distinguish this tumor type

  1. Primary Malignant Tumours of Bone Following Previous Malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Patton, J. T.; Sommerville, S. M. M.; Grimer, R. J.

    2008-01-01

    Destructive bone lesions occurring in patients who have previously had a malignancy are generally assumed to be a metastasis from that malignancy. We reviewed 60 patients with a previous history of malignancy, who presented with a solitary bone lesion that was subsequently found to be a new and different primary sarcoma of bone. These second malignancies occurred in three distinct groups of patients: (1) patients with original tumours well known to be associated with second malignancies (5%); (2) patients whose second malignancies were likely to be due to the previous treatment of their primary malignancy (40%); (3) patients in whom there was no clearly defined association between malignancies (55%). The purpose of this study is to emphasise the necessity for caution in assuming the diagnosis of a metastasis when a solitary bone lesion is identified following a prior malignancy. Inappropriate biopsy and treatment of primary bone sarcomas compromises limb salvage surgery and can affect patient mortality. PMID:18414590

  2. Positive gallium-67 citrate uptake in a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

    SciTech Connect

    Creagh, M.F.; Nunan, T.O.

    1988-04-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon bone condition with characteristic radiologic features. It is well known that there is increased uptake of Tc-99m hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) and methylene diphosphonate (MDP) in fibrous dysplasia. There are no reports of uptake of Ga-67 citrate by fibrous dysplasia. A case is reported in which positive Ga-67 uptake was seen in a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia.

  3. Hemostasis and malignancy.

    PubMed

    Francis, J L; Biggerstaff, J; Amirkhosravi, A

    1998-01-01

    There is considerable evidence that the hemostatic system is involved in the growth and spread of malignant disease. There is an increased incidence of thromboembolic disease in patients with cancers and hemostatic abnormalities are extremely common in such patients. Antihemostatic agents have been successfully used to treat a variety of experimental tumors, and several clinical trials in humans have been initiated. Although metastasis is undoubtedly multifactorial, intravascular coagulation activation and peritumor fibrin deposition seem to be important. The mechanisms by which hemostatic activation facilitates the malignant process remain to be completely elucidated. Of central importance may be the presence on malignant cells of tissue factor and urokinase receptor. Recent studies have suggested that these proteins, and others, may be involved at several stages of metastasis, including the key event of neovascularization. Tissue factor, the principal initiator of coagulation, may have additional roles, outside of fibrin formation, that are central to the biology of some solid tumors.

  4. Hemostasis and malignancy.

    PubMed

    Francis, J L; Biggerstaff, J; Amirkhosravi, A

    1998-01-01

    There is considerable evidence that the hemostatic system is involved in the growth and spread of malignant disease. There is an increased incidence of thromboembolic disease in patients with cancers and hemostatic abnormalities are extremely common in such patients. Antihemostatic agents have been successfully used to treat a variety of experimental tumors, and several clinical trials in humans have been initiated. Although metastasis is undoubtedly multifactorial, intravascular coagulation activation and peritumor fibrin deposition seem to be important. The mechanisms by which hemostatic activation facilitates the malignant process remain to be completely elucidated. Of central importance may be the presence on malignant cells of tissue factor and urokinase receptor. Recent studies have suggested that these proteins, and others, may be involved at several stages of metastasis, including the key event of neovascularization. Tissue factor, the principal initiator of coagulation, may have additional roles, outside of fibrin formation, that are central to the biology of some solid tumors. PMID:9579631

  5. Malignancy-Associated Dyslipidemia

    PubMed Central

    Bielecka-Dąbrowa, Agata; Hannam, Simon; Rysz, Jacek; Banach, Maciej

    2011-01-01

    Cholesterol and triglycerides, important lipid constituents of cell, are essential to carry out several vital physiological functions. Lipids might be associated with cancers because they play a key role in the maintenance of cell integrity. The pathway for cholesterol synthesis may also produce various tumorigenic compounds and cholesterol serves as a precursor for the synthesis of many sex hormones linked to increased risk of various cancers. In some malignant diseases, blood cholesterol undergoes early and significant changes. The mechanism for the link between cancer and cholesterol remains controversial. The dates from studies are confusing because both hypolipidemia and hypercholesterolemia might be connected with malignancy. Not only cancers but also antineoplastic therapies have an influence on lipid profile. There are also dates suggesting that antihyperlipemic drugs might nfluenced malignancy. PMID:21660223

  6. Surveillance for gastrointestinal malignancies

    PubMed Central

    Tiwari, Ashish K; Laird-Fick, Heather S; Wali, Ramesh K; Roy, Hemant K

    2012-01-01

    Gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are notorious for frequently progressing to advanced stages even in the absence of serious symptoms, thus leading to delayed diagnoses and dismal prognoses. Secondary prevention of GI malignancies through early detection and treatment of cancer-precursor/premalignant lesions, therefore, is recognized as an effective cancer prevention strategy. In order to efficiently detect these lesions, systemic application of screening tests (surveillance) is needed. However, most of the currently used non-invasive screening tests for GI malignancies (for example, serum markers such as alpha-fetoprotein for hepatocellular carcinoma, and fecal occult blood test, for colon cancer) are only modestly effective necessitating the use of highly invasive endoscopy-based procedures, such as esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy for screening purposes. Even for hepatocellular carcinoma where non-invasive imaging (ultrasonography) has become a standard screening tool, the need for repeated liver biopsies of suspicious liver nodules for histopathological confirmation can’t be avoided. The invasive nature and high-cost associated with these screening tools hinders implementation of GI cancer screening programs. Moreover, only a small fraction of general population is truly predisposed to developing GI malignancies, and indeed needs surveillance. To spare the average-risk individuals from superfluous invasive procedures and achieve an economically viable model of cancer prevention, it’s important to identify cohorts in general population that are at substantially high risk of developing GI malignancies (risk-stratification), and select suitable screening tests for surveillance in these cohorts. We herein provide a brief overview of such high-risk cohorts for different GI malignancies, and the screening strategies that have commonly been employed for surveillance purpose in them. PMID:22969223

  7. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Liver: A Rare Tumor in a Rarer Location

    PubMed Central

    Dey, Biswajit; Gochhait, Debasis; Kaushal, Gourav; Barwad, Adarsh; Pottakkat, Biju

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm. Liver is a rare location of this tumor. We report a case of hepatic solitary fibrous tumor in a 56-year-old female, who presented with right upper abdominal pain. An extended right hepatectomy was performed. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination revealed solitary fibrous tumor of the liver. PMID:27746883

  8. Transarterial Onyx Embolization of an Orbital Solitary Fibrous Tumor.

    PubMed

    Hashemi, Nafiseh; Ling, Jeanie D; Soparkar, Charles; Sami, Mirwat; Ellezam, Benjamin; Klucznik, Richard; Lee, Andrew G; Chévez-Barrios, Patricia

    2015-02-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm sometimes found in the orbit. We report a case of an aggressive orbital SFT with enlarged feeding vessels that was successfully resected immediately after transarterial embolization with Onyx (ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer). To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the histopathology of Onyx embolization material in an orbital SFT.

  9. Disseminated solitary fibrous tumour of the lung and pleura.

    PubMed

    Singh, Ranjit Kumar; Thangakunam, Balamugesh; Isaac, Barney Thomas Jesudason; Gupta, Ashumi

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are a heterogeneous group of rare spindle-cell tumours. Classically they presented as a solitary pleural-based mass. Pulmonary parenchymal SFT is rare and multiple bilateral lesions are extremely rare. We present the clinical, imaging and histological features of SFT which are presented as multiple nodular lesions of the lung and pleura with probable distant metastasis.

  10. [Extra-thoracic solitary fibrous tumor. Report of 2 cases].

    PubMed

    Trabelsi, Amel; Mestiri, Sarra; Mokni, Moncef; Stita, Wided; Ikram, Bellara; Sriha, Badreddine; Korbi, Sadok

    2006-09-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), is an unusual entity, first described in the pleura, but can involve other serosal surfaces and viscera. We report two cases of extra-thoracic SFT involving the retro-peritoneum and the upper arm. Extra-thoracic TFS is a rarily wide morphologic and evolutive spectrum.

  11. Thermal protection studies of plastic films and fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saad, Michel A.; Altman, Robert L.

    1988-01-01

    The thermal protection properties of various film and woven materials were studied using an experimental method of radiant heating. The materials studied included aluminized and unaluminized synthetic plastic films and fibrous materials like silicon carbide and phenolic novolac. It is shown that a thin metallized coating with good reflectivity significantly enhances the heat blocking capability of a variety of insulative materials.

  12. Use of Zoledronic Acid in Paediatric Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Rossin, Sara; Divisic, Antuan; De Gregorio, Alesandra; Agosto, Caterina; Catalano, Igor; Mazza, Alessandro; Sartori, Leonardo; Benini, Franca

    2016-01-01

    We describe a case of a paediatric patient affected by mandibular fibrous dysplasia (FD) with severe and chronic pain who was successfully treated with zoledronic acid (ZOL): a third-generation bisphosphonate. Further research is needed to assess its safety and efficacy as a treatment option for FD in the paediatric population. PMID:27747122

  13. Fibrous dysplasia-like tumor of the lacrimal sac.

    PubMed

    Scott, Garrett R; Frueh, Bartley R; Flint, Andrew; Elner, Victor M

    2008-01-01

    A 75-year-old woman developed epiphora and a slowly enlarging right medial canthal mass for 1 year. CT revealed a mass with ground-glass radiodensity and hazy borders in the lacrimal sac. At external dacryocystorhinostomy, a tan, gritty, spherical mass was easily removed from the sac lumen. Histopathologic characteristics were typical of fibrous dysplasia. The postoperative course was uneventful.

  14. A Solitary Fibrous Tumor (Cellular Form) of the Ankle.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jun Yong; Kim, Dong-Hwi; Seo, Kyung-Jin; Jung, Sung-No

    2016-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare type of mesenchymal tumor composed of uniform spindle cells that is classically described as a patternless feature. SFT normally originates from the pleura, with an SFT originating from skin rarely reported. We report what we believe to be the first case of an SFT arising from the ankle. Our case was confirmed histopathologically with immunohistochemical staining.

  15. Torsion of omental fibrous pseudotumour mimicking acute appendicitis

    PubMed Central

    Pennington, Thomas E.; Ozmen, John; Fenton-Lee, Douglas

    2016-01-01

    Unusual pathologies are occasionally found at laparoscopy when appendicitis is suspected. We present a case of strangulated inflammatory fibrous pseudotumour of the omentum presenting in a similar fashion to appendicitis. The infarcted omentum was excised, facilitating prompt resolution of symptoms. PMID:26811304

  16. Physical properties of collagen fibrous networks derived from bovine hides

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The hides and leather industry has been facing a serious challenge in the disposal of solid wastes such as trimmings and lime-splits. One strategy to solve this problem is to convert these wastes into useful fibrous products and green composites. Therefore research is needed to investigate the pre...

  17. Fibrous trabeculae in the liver of alligator (alligator mississippiensis).

    PubMed

    Beresford, W A

    1993-08-01

    In the mature alligator, fibrous trabeculae run from the portal areas and capsule through the hepatic parenchyma. The extent of these trabeculae becomes clear only after staining for collagen with, for example, Fast green or Picrosirius red. The trabeculae are less well developed in young caiman. The alligator's liver might use the trabeculae to withstand thrashing of the body.

  18. Electrospinning of caseinates to create protective fibrous mats

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers on the micron- or nano-scale from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods and allowing for the preservation and controlled release of bioactives for healt...

  19. Electrospinning of caseinates to create protective fibrous mats

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    JUSTIFICATION Electrospinning is a nonthermal process that produces fibers with diameters on the micron- or nano-scales from a polymer solution. If produced by electrospinning of biopolymer solutions, fibrous mats may be created for protecting foods, improving food quality and allowing for the prese...

  20. An improved automotive brake lining using fibrous potassium titanate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mansfield, J. A.; Halberstadt, M. L.; Riccitiello, S. R.; Rhee, S. K.

    1976-01-01

    Simultaneous fade reduction and wear improvement of a commercial automotive brake lining were achieved by adding fibrous potassium titanate. The dependence of friction and wear characteristics on quantitative variations in potassium titanate, asbestos, phenolic binder, and organic and inorganic modifiers was evaluated.

  1. Deposition of fibrous nanostructure by ultrafast laser ablation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tavangar, Amirhossein; Tan, Bo; Venkatakrishnan, K.

    2010-05-01

    This research work demonstrated that laser-induced reverse transfer (LIRT) can be used for controllable site-specific deposition of fibrous nanostructure. The LIRT method makes it possible to generate and deposit the fibrous nanostructure of a wide variety of materials on a transparent acceptor in a single-step process at an ambient condition. The deposition of fibrous nanostructures was conducted using ultrafast laser ablation of silicon and aluminum targets placed behind a glass acceptor. Femtosecond laser pulses pass through the transparent acceptor and hit the bulk donor. Consequently a mass quantity of nanoparticles ablates from the donor and then aggregates and forms a porous fibrous nanostructure on the transparent acceptor. Our experiments demonstrated that the gap between the target and the glass acceptor was critical in the formation and accumulation of nanofibers and it determines the density of the formed nanostructure. The formation mechanism of the nanostructures can be explained by the well-established theory of vapor condensation within the plume induced by ultrafast laser ablation. Experimental results also show that the length of the nanostructure can be controlled by the gap between the target and glass acceptor. Lastly, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis shows the oxygen concentration in the nanofibrous structure which is associated with oxidation of ablated material at ambient atmosphere.

  2. Malignant pleural mesothelioma: a clinicopathological study.

    PubMed

    Qua, J C; Rao, U N; Takita, H

    1993-09-01

    In this paper the results of a retrospective review of 58 patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma treated at our Institute are reported. There were 50 males and 8 females; the mean age was 56.3 years (range: 13-77). History of asbestos exposure was ascertained in 25 patients (43%). The most common finding in chest X-ray was pleural effusion which was seen in 47/58 patients on presentation. The cytological examination of pleural effusion was most of the time nondiagnostic. Pleural biopsy was needed for the correct diagnosis. Pathologically, 26 patients (44.8%) had epithelial type, 24 patients (41.4%) had mixed type, and 8 patients (13.8%) had fibrous or sarcomatous type of pleural mesothelioma. Most of the patients on presentation had Stage I disease by Butchart's classification. The overall survival time ranged from 1 month to as long as 17 years with a median of 12.5 months. The mean survival of patients who received nonsurgical therapies was 7-13.4 months. Thirteen patients were treated surgically: three patients survived over 5 years, but the median survival was 15 months. Six patients received no treatment, and the median survival was seven months.

  3. Direct Numerical Simulation of Liquid Transport Through Fibrous Porous Media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palakurthi, Nikhil Kumar

    Fluid flow through fibrous media occurs in many industrial processes, including, but not limited, to fuel cell technology, drug delivery patches, sanitary products, textile reinforcement, filtration, heat exchangers, and performance fabrics. Understanding the physical processes involved in fluid flow through fibrous media is essential for their characterization as well as for the optimization and development of new products. Macroscopic porous-media equations require constitutive relations, which account for the physical processes occurring at the micro-scale, to predict liquid transport at the macro-scale. In this study, micro-scale simulations were conducted using conventional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique (finite-volume method) to determine the macroscopic constitutive relations. The first part of this thesis deals with the single-phase flow in fibrous media, following which multi-phase flow through fibrous media was studied. Darcy permeability is an important parameter that characterizes creeping flow through a fibrous porous medium. It has a complex dependence on the medium's properties such as fibers' in-plane and through-plane orientation, diameter, aspect ratio, curvature, and porosity. A suite of 3D virtual fibrous structures with a wide range of geometric properties were constructed, and the permeability values of the structures were calculated by solving the 3D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The through-plane permeability was found to be a function of only the fiber diameter, the fibers' through-plane orientation, and the porosity of the medium. The numerical results were used to extend a permeability-porosity relation, developed in literature for 3D isotropic fibrous media, to a wide range of fibers' through-plane orientations. In applications where rate of capillary penetration is important, characterization of porous media usually involves determination of either the effective pore radius from capillary penetration experiments

  4. "Malignant Cutaneous Ulcer".

    PubMed

    Sundriyal, Deepak; Kotwal, Sumedha

    2016-09-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an aggressive malignancy and the rich vascular supply enables it to metastasize early via haematogenous route. Skin lesions are a late manifestation of the disease. Clinicians should be aware of cutaneous presentation of RCC while evaluating a case of unknown primary with skin lesions. PMID:27651705

  5. Immunotherapy for malignant glioma.

    PubMed

    Suryadevara, Carter M; Verla, Terence; Sanchez-Perez, Luis; Reap, Elizabeth A; Choi, Bryan D; Fecci, Peter E; Sampson, John H

    2015-01-01

    Malignant gliomas (MG) are the most common type of primary malignant brain tumor. Most patients diagnosed with glioblastoma (GBM), the most common and malignant glial tumor, die within 12-15 months. Moreover, conventional treatment, which includes surgery followed by radiation and chemotherapy, can be highly toxic by causing nonspecific damage to healthy brain and other tissues. The shortcomings of standard-of-care have thus created a stimulus for the development of novel therapies that can target central nervous system (CNS)-based tumors specifically and efficiently, while minimizing off-target collateral damage to normal brain. Immunotherapy represents an investigational avenue with the promise of meeting this need, already having demonstrated its potential against B-cell malignancy and solid tumors in clinical trials. T-cell engineering with tumor-specific chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is one proven approach that aims to redirect autologous patient T-cells to sites of tumor. This platform has evolved dramatically over the past two decades to include an improved construct design, and these modern CARs have only recently been translated into the clinic for brain tumors. We review here emerging immunotherapeutic platforms for the treatment of MG, focusing on the development and application of a CAR-based strategy against GBM.

  6. Massive chest wall resection and reconstruction for malignant disease

    PubMed Central

    Foroulis, Christophoros N; Kleontas, Athanassios D; Tagarakis, George; Nana, Chryssoula; Alexiou, Ioannis; Grosomanidis, Vasilis; Tossios, Paschalis; Papadaki, Elena; Kioumis, Ioannis; Baka, Sofia; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Anastasiadis, Kyriakos

    2016-01-01

    Objective Malignant chest wall tumors are rare neoplasms. Resection with wide-free margins is an important prognostic factor, and massive chest wall resection and reconstruction are often necessary. A recent case series of 20 consecutive patients is reported in order to find any possible correlation between tumor histology, extent of resection, type of reconstruction, and adjuvant treatment with short- and long-term outcomes. Methods Twenty patients were submitted to chest wall resection and reconstruction for malignant chest wall neoplasms between 2006 and 2014. The mean age (ten males) was 59±4 years. The size and histology of the tumor, the technique of reconstruction, and the short- and long-term follow-up records were noted. Results The median maximum diameter of tumors was 10 cm (5.4–32 cm). Subtotal sternal resection was performed in nine cases, and the resection of multiple ribs was performed in eleven cases. The median area of chest wall defect was 108 cm2 (60–340 cm2). Histology revealed soft tissue, bone, and cartilage sarcomas in 16 cases (80%), most of them chondrosarcomas. The rest of the tumors was metastatic tumors in two cases and localized malignant pleural mesothelioma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in one case. The chest wall defect was reconstructed by using the “sandwich technique” (propylene mesh/methyl methacrylate/propylene mesh) in nine cases of large anterior defects or by using a 2 mm polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) mesh in nine cases of lateral or posterior defects. Support from a plastic surgeon was necessary to cover the full-thickness chest wall defects in seven cases. Adjuvant oncologic treatment was administered in 13 patients. Local recurrences were observed in five cases where surgical reintervention was finally necessary in two cases. Recurrences were associated with larger tumors, histology of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and initial incomplete resection or misdiagnosis made by nonthoracic surgeons. Three patients died

  7. Malignant Melanoma of the Foot

    MedlinePlus

    ... Javascript in your browser. Malignant Melanoma of the Foot What is Malignant Melanoma? Melanoma is a cancer ... age groups, even the young. Melanoma in the Foot Melanoma that occurs in the foot or ankle ...

  8. Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast: report of a case with emphasis on diagnostic role of STAT6 immunostaining.

    PubMed

    Magro, Gaetano; Angelico, Giuseppe; Leone, Giorgia; Palazzo, Juan

    2016-05-01

    We herein report the clinical, radiological, and pathological findings of a rare case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) occurring in the breast parenchyma of a 62-year-old female. The tumor was incidentally detected at a mammographic screening, and, ultrasonographically, presented as a single, well-circumscribed nodule. On needle core biopsy, the diagnosis of SFT was suggested based on a proliferation of CD34-positive spindly cells set in a fibrous stroma containing medium-sized blood vessels with hyalinization of their walls and branching configuration. The diagnosis was confirmed in the excised specimen, which exhibited a tumor with an immunohistochemical profile consistent with SFT, including diffuse expression of CD34, CD99 and bcl2. As STAT6 nuclear immunoexpression is the result of the inv12(q13q13)-derived NAB2-STAT6 fusion, which characterizes SFT, we analyzed immunohistochemically our case with a commercially available anti-STAT6 antibody. We showed that mammary SFT exhibits a diffuse nuclear STAT6 immunoreactivty, suggesting its potential diagnostic role. The present case emphasizes that the diagnosis of SFT can be confidentially rendered on needle core biopsy. Although SFT is suspected on characteristic morphologic features, immunohistochemistry, revealing immunoreactivity for CD34, bcl-2, CD99 and STAT6, is crucial in the differential diagnosis of potential benign and malignant mimics. PMID:26778386

  9. Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast: report of a case with emphasis on diagnostic role of STAT6 immunostaining.

    PubMed

    Magro, Gaetano; Angelico, Giuseppe; Leone, Giorgia; Palazzo, Juan

    2016-05-01

    We herein report the clinical, radiological, and pathological findings of a rare case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) occurring in the breast parenchyma of a 62-year-old female. The tumor was incidentally detected at a mammographic screening, and, ultrasonographically, presented as a single, well-circumscribed nodule. On needle core biopsy, the diagnosis of SFT was suggested based on a proliferation of CD34-positive spindly cells set in a fibrous stroma containing medium-sized blood vessels with hyalinization of their walls and branching configuration. The diagnosis was confirmed in the excised specimen, which exhibited a tumor with an immunohistochemical profile consistent with SFT, including diffuse expression of CD34, CD99 and bcl2. As STAT6 nuclear immunoexpression is the result of the inv12(q13q13)-derived NAB2-STAT6 fusion, which characterizes SFT, we analyzed immunohistochemically our case with a commercially available anti-STAT6 antibody. We showed that mammary SFT exhibits a diffuse nuclear STAT6 immunoreactivty, suggesting its potential diagnostic role. The present case emphasizes that the diagnosis of SFT can be confidentially rendered on needle core biopsy. Although SFT is suspected on characteristic morphologic features, immunohistochemistry, revealing immunoreactivity for CD34, bcl-2, CD99 and STAT6, is crucial in the differential diagnosis of potential benign and malignant mimics.

  10. Bone sarcomas as second malignant neoplasms following childhood cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Newton, W.A. Jr.; Meadows, A.T.; Shimada, H.; Bunin, G.R.; Vawter, G.F. )

    1991-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between histologic variants of bone sarcomas and previous therapy in patients in whom an unrelated malignant neoplasm had been diagnosed during childhood. Sarcomas of bone were the most common second malignant neoplasm (SMN) reported to the Late Effects Study Group, a 13-institution consortium consisting of pediatric oncology centers from western Europe, Canada, and the United States. The authors attempted to relate the histologic subtypes of the 91 bone tumors to clinical factors such as previous therapy and genetic predisposition because morphologic variants have been shown to have biologic significance in other tumors and may have etiologic import. The literature concerning the subtypes of bone tumors, clinical and experimental, is also reviewed. The authors also investigated the effect of several factors on the time interval from the first diagnosis to the SMN (i.e., the bone sarcoma). Anthracyclines significantly shortened the interval by about 3 years. The primary diagnosis also significantly affected the interval, with leukemia/lymphomas having the shortest interval and retinoblastoma the longest. The authors could not demonstrate any significant relationship between morphologic characteristics of the osteosarcoma and predisposing conditions. However, lesions diagnosed as chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma occurred almost exclusively in patients who had received radiation therapy to the site in which the SMN developed.

  11. A Rare Case of a Recurrent Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Ciliary Body of the Orbit.

    PubMed

    Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Singh, Shirley Sundar; Majhi, Urmila; Ramshankar, Vijayalakshmi; Krishnamurthy, Arvind

    2016-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are uncommon spindle-cell tumors of mesenchymal origin initially described in the pleura and subsequently in other extra-pleural sites. These tumors are categorized as tumors of 'intermediate malignancy' under the World Health Organization classification of soft tissue tumors. SFT was virtually non-existent or misdiagnosed until its characteristic features, particularly the strong and diffuse immuno-reactivity to CD 34 were described. Extra-pleural manifestations of SFT, particularly in the head and neck region are rare. Although a number of isolated case reports of orbital SFTs have been described ever since its initial description in 1994, cases of recurrent SFTs have been very few. Recurrences of these tumors following surgery are considered unusual and metastasis exceptional. We describe clinical presentation and the management challenges of recurrent giant orbital SFT in a 15-year old girl along with a brief review of literature.

  12. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the parietal pleura resected by video-assisted thoracic surgery; report of a case].

    PubMed

    Hayama, Makio; Maeda, Hiroya

    2010-06-01

    A 35-year-old male was admitted to our hospital for further examination of abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. Contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) showed a clear-shaped tumor with homogenous enhancement, measuring 25 x 20 mm in size, which had enlarged, compared with chest CT of 2 years before. The tumor appeared to be based partially on the parietal pleura. Under the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) originated from the visceral or parietal pleura, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) was performed. Under thoracoscopy, the tumor was pedunculated and arose from the parietal pleura. The tumor was resected completely. The pathologic findings revealed proliferation of spindle cells and collagen fibers without malignant aspects. Immuno-histochemical findings showed positive immunostaining for CD34 and vimentin in the tumor cells. These findings confirmed that the tumor was SFT.

  13. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the visceral pleura being suspected of chest wall origin: report of a case].

    PubMed

    Hayashi, S; Kitada, M; Ozawa, K; Sato, K; Hirata, S; Tokusashi, Y; Miyokawa, N; Sasajima, T

    2009-11-01

    We report a case of a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura which is suspected of chest wall tumor. A 52-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of epigastralgia and body weight loss. Chest X-ray and computed tomography showed a circumscribed mass of 35 x 22 mm in diameter arising from the parietal pleura. Positron emission tomography showed uptake valve of 1.5. SFT of chest wall origin was suspected and performed video-assisted thoracic surgery. The pedunculated tumor attached to the visceral pleura. The tumor was diagnosed as a benign SFT in intraoperative diagnosis. Long term clinical follow-up is recommended for patients with SFT, because the tumor recurrence and malignant transformation may occur in tumors with benign histological features.

  14. A Rare Case of a Recurrent Giant Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Ciliary Body of the Orbit.

    PubMed

    Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Singh, Shirley Sundar; Majhi, Urmila; Ramshankar, Vijayalakshmi; Krishnamurthy, Arvind

    2016-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are uncommon spindle-cell tumors of mesenchymal origin initially described in the pleura and subsequently in other extra-pleural sites. These tumors are categorized as tumors of 'intermediate malignancy' under the World Health Organization classification of soft tissue tumors. SFT was virtually non-existent or misdiagnosed until its characteristic features, particularly the strong and diffuse immuno-reactivity to CD 34 were described. Extra-pleural manifestations of SFT, particularly in the head and neck region are rare. Although a number of isolated case reports of orbital SFTs have been described ever since its initial description in 1994, cases of recurrent SFTs have been very few. Recurrences of these tumors following surgery are considered unusual and metastasis exceptional. We describe clinical presentation and the management challenges of recurrent giant orbital SFT in a 15-year old girl along with a brief review of literature. PMID:27408474

  15. Importance of Local Control in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: Outcomes of Patients With Positive Post-Radiation Therapy Biopsy Results Treated in RTOG 9408

    SciTech Connect

    Krauss, Daniel J.; Hu, Chen; Bahary, Jean-Paul; Souhami, Luis; Gore, Elizabeth M.; Chafe, Susan Maria Jacinta; Leibenhaut, Mark H.; Narayan, Samir; Torres-Roca, Javier; Michalski, Jeff; Zeitzer, Kenneth L.; Donavanik, Viroon; Sandler, Howard; McGowan, David G.; Jones, Christopher U.; Shipley, William U.

    2015-07-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between positive post-radiation therapy (RT) biopsy results and subsequent clinical outcomes in males with localized prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group study 94-08 analyzed 1979 males with prostate cancer, stage T1b-T2b and prostate-specific antigen concentrations of ≤20 ng/dL, to investigate whether 4 months of total androgen suppression (TAS) added to RT improved survival compared to RT alone. Patients randomized to receive TAS received flutamide with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist. According to protocol, patients without evidence of clinical recurrence or initiation of additional endocrine therapy underwent repeat prostate biopsy 2 years after RT completion. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of positive post-RT biopsy results on clinical outcomes. Results: A total of 831 patients underwent post-RT biopsy, 398 were treated with RT alone and 433 with RT plus TAS. Patients with positive post-RT biopsy results had higher rates of biochemical failure (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.3-2.1) and distant metastasis (HR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.3-4.4) and inferior disease-specific survival (HR = 3.8; 95% CI = 1.9-7.5). Positive biopsy results remained predictive of such outcomes after correction for potential confounders such as Gleason score, tumor stage, and TAS administration. Prior TAS therapy did not prevent elevated risk of adverse outcome in the setting of post-RT positive biopsy results. Patients with Gleason score ≥7 with a positive biopsy result additionally had inferior overall survival compared to those with a negative biopsy result (HR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.04-2.35). Conclusions: Positive post-RT biopsy is associated with increased rates of distant metastases and inferior disease-specific survival in patients treated with definitive RT and was associated with inferior overall

  16. Tumor size-related DNA copy number changes occur in solitary fibrous tumors but not in hemangiopericytomas.

    PubMed

    Miettinen, M M; el-Rifai, W; Sarlomo-Rikala, M; Andersson, L C; Knuutila, S

    1997-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) presenting in the pleura and other soft tissue sites and hemangiopericytoma (HPC) presenting at various soft tissue sites are mesenchymal tumors that share many histologic and immunohistochemical features. This raises the questions of whether these tumors are related and whether they belong within the spectrum of a single biologic entity. The behavior of both SFTs and HPCs is difficult to predict histologically. The genetic background of both SFTs and HPCs is poorly known, but it could be helpful in the evaluation of malignancy and could give clues to their possible relationship. In this study, we analyzed 15 SFTs and 11 HPCs by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), a powerful molecular cytogenetic tool that can be applied to DNA extracted from formaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. All of these tumors were immunohistochemically similar and showed reactivity for CD34-antigen but not for keratins, desmin, or muscle actins. Only 1 SFT smaller than 10 cm showed DNA copy number changes (a single loss in chromosome 13), but 7 of 8 SFTs larger than 10 cm (including all 4 tumors with more than 4 mitoses per 10 high power fields) showed changes, mostly chromosomal gains in 5q 7, 8, 12, and 18. Four cases showed losses, two of them in chromosome 13 and two others in 20q. These findings suggest that CGH might be useful in the evaluation of malignant transformation in SFT. The most common change, gain of the entire chromosome 8, seen in two cases as the only change, suggests trisomy 8 and parallels a similar finding previously described in other fibrous tumors, such as subsets of desmoid fibromatosis and infantile fibrosarcoma. In contrast, HPCs, including large and mitotically active tumors, showed no DNA copy number changes on CGH. This suggests that HPC is genetically different from SFT.

  17. High-grade sarcomatous overgrowth in solitary fibrous tumors: a clinicopathologic study of 10 cases.

    PubMed

    Collini, Paola; Negri, Tiziana; Barisella, Marta; Palassini, Elena; Tarantino, Eva; Pastorino, Ugo; Gronchi, Alessandro; Stacchiotti, Silvia; Pilotti, Silvana

    2012-08-01

    We describe 10 solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) with high-grade malignant overgrowth, all of which showed the presence of a synchronous or previous classic SFT/malignant SFT (MSFT) component. Seven were "dedifferentiated," with an abrupt transition from a classic SFT/MSFT to a high-grade component consisting of a nondistinctive high-grade sarcoma in 4 cases and divergent differentiation in 3. The nondistinctive high-grade component consisted of epithelioid and/or spindle cells often associated with overt pleomorphism or small round cell sarcomas. The divergent differentiation featured a rhabdomyosarcoma in 2 cases and an osteosarcoma in 1. Three cases (tentatively called "evolved") showed a gradual transition from classic SFT/MSFT to a nondistinctive high-grade sarcoma or presented features of high-grade sarcoma at the time of metastasis (assessed by fine-needle aspiration cytology) without any component suggesting a diagnosis of classic SFT/MSFT. The high-grade component showed loss of CD34 expression in half of the dedifferentiated SFTs and all of the dedifferentiated SFTs with divergent differentiation, whereas Ki-67 was markedly increased in all of the evaluable cases and paralleled the tumor grade. In 4 cases, the expression and phosphorylation status of key factors that control transcription and protein synthesis were also investigated. Both S6 and 4E-BP1 showed low activation in the low-grade MSFT and a high level of activation in the high-grade component. Seven of the 10 patients died of their disease during follow-up, with a median overall survival of 73 months (range, 5 to 288 mo). The median time to distant metastasis was 156 months after the initial diagnosis, and median overall survival from the first signs of metastasis was 8 months.

  18. Recurrent intracranial solitary fibrous tumor with cerebrospinal fluid dissemination. Case report.

    PubMed

    Miyashita, Katsuyoshi; Hayashi, Yutaka; Fujisawa, Hironori; Hasegawa, Mitsuhiro; Yamashita, Junkoh

    2004-12-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a benign and rare neoplasm. To date, only 37 patients with intracranial SFTs have been reported. Although a number of the tumors were recurrent and some later underwent malignant transformation, none of these lesions progressed to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dissemination. In this paper the authors report a case of SFT in which the lesion recurred several times and ultimately was disseminated by the CSF. The patient was a 63-year-old woman with multiple intracranial and spinal tumors. Fifteen years before this presentation, at the age of 48 she had been hospitalized for resection of a falcotentorial tumor. During the ensuing 15 years she underwent multiple surgeries and sessions of radiation therapy for recurrent lesions. The exclusive location of her tumors in the subarachnoid space at the end of this 15-year period indicate CSF dissemination of the tumor. The tumor that was resected when the patient was 48 years old and the latest resected lesion were analyzed by performing immunohistological CD34, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin, S100 protein, and reticulin staining, and determining the MIB-1 labeling index (LI). Most of the results were identical, and both tumors were diagnosed as SFT according to a staining pattern that showed a strong and diffuse positive reaction for CD34. Nevertheless, the authors noted that the MIB-1 LI increased from less than 1% in the original tumor to 13% in the latest tumor. The increased proliferation of MIB-1 indicates that the malignant transformation could have occurred during tumor recurrence with CSF dissemination.

  19. Myxoid solitary fibrous tumor: a study of seven cases with emphasis on differential diagnosis.

    PubMed

    de Saint Aubain Somerhausen, N; Rubin, B P; Fletcher, C D

    1999-05-01

    Focal myxoid change is a well-recognized feature of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), but to date, predominantly myxoid examples of SFT have not been reported. We describe seven cases of SFT in which stromal myxoid change affected 50% or more of the tumor examined, thus obscuring typical diagnostic features. Patients ranged in age from 35 to 68 years old (median, 45 yr), with an equal sex distribution. Tumor locations included pleura, orbit, and periparotid subcutaneous tissue, as well as four cases in deep soft tissue (two in the abdominal wall and one each in the chest wall and thigh). Myxoid areas were identified grossly in four cases. Histologically, the lesions were composed of bland spindle cells disposed haphazardly or with a lacy or reticulated appearance in a myxoid, richly vascularized stroma These myxoid areas were punctuated by small cellular aggregates in four cases, and areas showing diagnostic features of SFT were present in five of seven primary excision specimens. Atypical features suggestive of malignancy were not present in any of the cases. Immunohistochemically, all of the seven cases stained positively for CD34 and CD99 (013), and all were negative for smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen, and pan-keratin. There were no recurrences or metastases reported in four patients with limited follow-up (median duration, 19 mo). Recognition of this uncommon morphologic subset of SFT is important because of possible confusion, particularly in small biopsy specimens, with a variety of myxoid spindle cell neoplasms with different biologic potential. These include low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, myxoid synovial sarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, low-grade myxofibrosarcoma, myxoid liposarcoma, myxoid spindle cell lipoma, myxoid neurofibroma, and so-called "hemangiopericytoma."

  20. The Current Status of Solitary Fibrous Tumor: Diagnostic Features, Variants, and Genetics.

    PubMed

    Thway, Khin; Ng, Wen; Noujaim, Jonathan; Jones, Robin L; Fisher, Cyril

    2016-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a fibroblastic mesenchymal tumor originally described in the pleura but now shown at almost every anatomic site. Histopathologically, SFT is characteristically a circumscribed neoplasm composed of variably cellular and patternless distributions of bland spindle and ovoid cells within prominent collagenous stroma and shows diffuse expression of CD34, but it has a broad spectrum of both morphology and of biologic behavior. Many different names (particularly hemangiopericytoma) were previously used in the course of our understanding of this neoplasm but are now subsumed under the term "SFT," and the putative cell of origin was debated. However, it is now recognized that SFT is a translocation-associated neoplasm, consistently associated with NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions arising from recurrent intrachromosomal rearrangements on chromosome 12q, and this translocation is a likely major contributor to its pathogenesis. While most SFT with classical morphologic features behave in an indolent manner and those with overtly malignant histologic features tend to be aggressive neoplasms that behave as high-grade sarcomas, the behavior of SFT is unpredictable, and it is important to be aware of the propensity for aggressive behavior in a minority of histologically classical SFT and to ensure adequate clinical follow-up. Surgical excision remains the treatment gold standard; while radiotherapy and conventional chemotherapeutic agents have only shown limited efficacy, further understanding of the molecular events underlying tumorigenesis may allow the development of novel targeted treatments. We review SFT, discussing the morphologic spectrum and variants, including malignant and dedifferentiated subtypes, clinicopathological aspects, recent molecular genetic findings, and the differential diagnosis. PMID:26811389

  1. The Current Status of Solitary Fibrous Tumor: Diagnostic Features, Variants, and Genetics.

    PubMed

    Thway, Khin; Ng, Wen; Noujaim, Jonathan; Jones, Robin L; Fisher, Cyril

    2016-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a fibroblastic mesenchymal tumor originally described in the pleura but now shown at almost every anatomic site. Histopathologically, SFT is characteristically a circumscribed neoplasm composed of variably cellular and patternless distributions of bland spindle and ovoid cells within prominent collagenous stroma and shows diffuse expression of CD34, but it has a broad spectrum of both morphology and of biologic behavior. Many different names (particularly hemangiopericytoma) were previously used in the course of our understanding of this neoplasm but are now subsumed under the term "SFT," and the putative cell of origin was debated. However, it is now recognized that SFT is a translocation-associated neoplasm, consistently associated with NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions arising from recurrent intrachromosomal rearrangements on chromosome 12q, and this translocation is a likely major contributor to its pathogenesis. While most SFT with classical morphologic features behave in an indolent manner and those with overtly malignant histologic features tend to be aggressive neoplasms that behave as high-grade sarcomas, the behavior of SFT is unpredictable, and it is important to be aware of the propensity for aggressive behavior in a minority of histologically classical SFT and to ensure adequate clinical follow-up. Surgical excision remains the treatment gold standard; while radiotherapy and conventional chemotherapeutic agents have only shown limited efficacy, further understanding of the molecular events underlying tumorigenesis may allow the development of novel targeted treatments. We review SFT, discussing the morphologic spectrum and variants, including malignant and dedifferentiated subtypes, clinicopathological aspects, recent molecular genetic findings, and the differential diagnosis.

  2. Hyaluronan in human malignancies

    SciTech Connect

    Sironen, R.K.; Tammi, M.; Tammi, R.; Auvinen, P.K.; Anttila, M.; Kosma, V-M.

    2011-02-15

    Hyaluronan, a major macropolysaccharide in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues, is intimately involved in the biology of cancer. Hyaluronan accumulates into the stroma of various human tumors and modulates intracellular signaling pathways, cell proliferation, motility and invasive properties of malignant cells. Experimental and clinicopathological evidence highlights the importance of hyaluronan in tumor growth and metastasis. A high stromal hyaluronan content is associated with poorly differentiated tumors and aggressive clinical behavior in human adenocarcinomas. Instead, the squamous cell carcinomas and malignant melanomas tend to have a reduced hyaluronan content. In addition to the stroma-cancer cell interaction, hyaluronan can influence stromal cell recruitment, tumor angiogenesis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Hyaluronan receptors, hyaluronan synthases and hyaluronan degrading enzymes, hyaluronidases, are involved in the modulation of cancer progression, depending on the tumor type. Furthermore, intracellular signaling and angiogenesis are affected by the degradation products of hyaluronan. Hyaluronan has also therapeutic implications since it is involved in multidrug resistance.

  3. Metastatic malignant chondroblastoma.

    PubMed

    Rodgers, W B; Mankin, H J

    1996-12-01

    A case of malignant chondroblastoma with metastases is reported. The patient initially presented with a lytic lesion in his left pubic ramus. He was treated with curettage, but the lesion recurred 3 years later. After repeated curettage, radiation therapy, and the late development of multiple bone and soft-tissue metastases, he succumbed to his disease 13 years after diagnosis. The surgical pathology from each of his several procedures was reviewed. Although no definite malignant transformation was apparent, a metastatic deposit curetted 3 months prior to death showed some increase in mitotic activity. Flow cytometry of specimens from the patient's first local recurrence and a late distant metastasis was performed and revealed the interval development of a minor aneuploid peak between the two samples. This fatal chondroblastoma is the only one in our series of 80 patients treated over the past 25 years. PMID:9001683

  4. Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase in Malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Shackelford, Rodney E.; Mayhall, Kim; Maxwell, Nicole M.; Kandil, Emad

    2013-01-01

    Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) synthesis. Both intracellular and extracellular Nampt (iNampt and eNampt) levels are increased in several human malignancies and some studies demonstrate increased iNampt in more aggressive/invasive tumors and in tumor metastases. Several different molecular targets have been identified that promote carcinogenesis following iNampt overexpression, including SirT1, CtBP, and PARP-1. Additionally, eNampt is elevated in several human cancers and is often associated with a higher tumor stage and worse prognoses. Here we review the roles of Nampt in malignancy, some of the known mechanisms by which it promotes carcinogenesis, and discuss the possibility of employing Nampt inhibitors in cancer treatment. PMID:24386506

  5. Lymphoscintigraphy in malignant melanoma

    SciTech Connect

    Berman, C.G.; Norman, J.; Cruse, C.W.; Reintgen, D.S.; Clark, R.A. )

    1992-01-01

    The development and rationale for the use of lymphoscintigraphy in the preoperative evaluation of patients with malignant melanoma being considered for elective lymph node dissection is reviewed. This overview is updated by an analysis of 135 patients with early stage malignant melanoma involving the head, neck, shoulders, and trunk at Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute at the University of South Florida (Tampa, FL). High discordancy rates (overall, 41%) were seen between drainage patterns predicted from historical anatomical guidelines and those revealed by the lymphoscintigraphic examination. The high discordancy rate was most pronounced in the head (64%) and the neck (73%). Surgical management was changed in 33% of the patients, overall. A preoperative lymphoscintigram is recommended for all patients with melanoma with head, neck, and truncal lesions evaluated for elective lymph node dissection as the lymphatic drainage patterns are often unpredictable and variable.

  6. Asbestos-related malignancy.

    PubMed

    Talcott, J A; Antman, K H

    1988-01-01

    Asbestos-associated malignancies have received significant attention in the lay and medical literature because of the increasing frequency of two asbestos-associated tumors, lung carcinoma and mesothelioma; the wide distribution of asbestos; its status as a prototype environmental carcinogen; and the many recent legal compensation proceedings, for which medical testimony has been required. The understanding of asbestos-associated carcinogenesis has increased through study of animal models, human epidemiology, and, recently, the application of modern molecular biological techniques. However, the detailed mechanisms of carcinogenesis remain unknown. A wide variety of malignancies have been associated with asbestos, although the strongest evidence for a causal association is confined to lung cancer and mesothelioma. Epidemiological studies have provided evidence that both the type of asbestos fiber and the industry in which the exposure occurs may affect the rates of asbestos-associated cancers. It has been shown that asbestos exerts a carcinogenic effect independent of exposure to cigarette smoking that, for lung cancers, is synergistically enhanced by smoking. Other questions remain controversial, such as whether pulmonary fibrosis necessarily precedes asbestos-associated lung cancer and whether some threshold level of exposure to asbestos (including low-dose exposures that may occur in asbestos-associated public buildings) may be safe. Mesothelioma, the most closely asbestos-associated malignancy, has a dismal natural history and has been highly resistant to therapy. However, investigational multi-modality therapy may offer benefit to some patients. A description of the processes through which compensation claims for asbestos-associated malignancies are evaluated illustrates for physicians the legal system's approach to possible injury from toxic substances. The differences between scientific and legal reasoning about the causes of diseases with long latency

  7. Asbestos-related malignancy

    SciTech Connect

    Talcott, J.A.; Antman, K.H.

    1988-05-01

    Asbestos-associated malignancies have received significant attention in the lay and medical literature because of the increasing frequency of two asbestos-associated tumors, lung carcinoma and mesothelioma; the wide distribution of asbestos; its status as a prototype environmental carcinogen; and the many recent legal compensation proceedings, for which medical testimony has been required. The understanding of asbestos-associated carcinogenesis has increased through study of animal models, human epidemiology, and, recently, the application of modern molecular biological techniques. However, the detailed mechanisms of carcinogenesis remain unknown. A wide variety of malignancies have been associated with asbestos, although the strongest evidence for a causal association is confined to lung cancer and mesothelioma. Epidemiological studies have provided evidence that both the type of asbestos fiber and the industry in which the exposure occurs may affect the rates of asbestos-associated cancers. It has been shown that asbestos exerts a carcinogenic effect independent of exposure to cigarette smoking that, for lung cancers, is synergistically enhanced by smoking. Other questions remain controversial, such as whether pulmonary fibrosis necessarily precedes asbestos-associated lung cancer and whether some threshold level of exposure to asbestos (including low-dose exposures that may occur in asbestos-associated public buildings) may be safe. Mesothelioma, the most closely asbestos-associated malignancy, has a dismal natural history and has been highly resistant to therapy. However, investigational multi-modality therapy may offer benefit to some patients. 179 references.

  8. Epigenetics in the hematologic malignancies

    PubMed Central

    Fong, Chun Yew; Morison, Jessica; Dawson, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    A wealth of genomic and epigenomic data has identified abnormal regulation of epigenetic processes as a prominent theme in hematologic malignancies. Recurrent somatic alterations in myeloid malignancies of key proteins involved in DNA methylation, post-translational histone modification and chromatin remodeling have highlighted the importance of epigenetic regulation of gene expression in the initiation and maintenance of various malignancies. The rational use of targeted epigenetic therapies requires a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms of malignant transformation driven by aberrant epigenetic regulators. In this review we provide an overview of the major protagonists in epigenetic regulation, their aberrant role in myeloid malignancies, prognostic significance and potential for therapeutic targeting. PMID:25472952

  9. [A case of intraorbital solitary fibrous tumor resected successfully with preoperative arterial embolization].

    PubMed

    Kishimoto, Ippei; Shinohara, Shogo; Fujiwara, Keizo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Tona, Risa; Kanazawa, Yuji; Harada, Hiroyuki; Naito, Yasushi; Usami, Yu

    2014-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm derived from mesenchymal cells. It sometimes recurs clinically, and is categorized as an 'intermediate malignancy' tumor under the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of soft tissue tumors. Several studies have reported on intraorbital SFTs, but none of them has pointed out the utility of preoperative arterial embolization in the case of an intraorbital SFT. A 75-year-old man, who had received a dacryocystectomy for a benign tumor in the right lacrimal sac 30 years previously, visited our hospital complaining of lower eyelid swelling and lachrymation that had persisted for a year. CT and MRI revealed an intraorbital lesion, and the open biopsy specimen showed dense growth of spindle cells, which turned out to be an SFT by immunohistochemistry based on the findings. After preoperative embolization of the infraorbital artery, we removed the tumor with a skin incision on the lower rim of the orbit with little bleeding. The surgical specimen revealed that the tumor was close to a lacrimal canaliculus, which suggested the tumor originated from the lacrimal apparatus considering the patient's past history. He was followed up for three months without recurrences.

  10. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis: an uncommon soft-tissue tumor. A case report.

    PubMed

    Pata, Francesco; Orsini, Vincenzo; Lucisano, Ada Maria; Pafundi, Donato Paolo; Sacco, Rosario

    2010-01-01

    A rare case of Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pelvis is reported. A 76-years-old man presented with a low abdominal pain, acute urine retention and constipation. Imaging studies (US, CT MR) showed an 17 x 10 x 9 ovoid mass in the pelvis, dislocating bladder and rectum. Finally, trans-rectal needle biopsy suggested the diagnosis of SFT. En bloc excision of tumor and rectum (because of strong adhesions) was performed. Histological examination showed spindle and fibroblastic-like cells dispersed in collagenous areas with positive stains for CD34, bcl-2, CD99 and it confirmed diagnosis of SFT. No postoperative complications occurred, only vesico-sphincter dyssynergia was found by urodynamics. After 5 years, patient is disease-free. SFT is, usually, benign tumor with slow growth and excellent prognosis. Complete surgical resection is the only curative treatment. However, 10-15% of SFT are malignant and histological findings cannot always predict clinical behaviour. For this reason, careful and long term follow-up is necessary after surgery.

  11. Solitary fibrous tumor in the round ligament of the liver: a fortunate intraoperative discovery.

    PubMed

    Beyer, Laura; Delpero, Jean-Robert; Chetaille, Bruno; Sarran, Anthony; Perrot, Delphine; Moureau-Zabotto, Laurence; Guiramand, Jérôme; Bertucci, François

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms of fibroblastic origin, most commonly found in the pleura. Numerous extrathoracic locations have been reported during the last 2 decades. Herein, we report the first case of an SFT in the round ligament of the liver. A 46-year-old Caucasian man presented with a 12-month history of abdominal pain. An ultrasonography-guided microbiopsy first revealed a desmoid tumor. After failure of first- and second-line medical treatments (celecoxib and tamoxifen, then imatinib), histological reexamination was suspicious for a low-grade sarcoma. MRI was also suspicious for a malignant process. Hence, surgery was decided. Laparotomy found a huge and well-limited tumor that, unexpectedly, was appended to the round ligament of the liver and free from any other intra-abdominal contact. The tumor was easily removed. Excision was monobloc and macroscopically complete. Histological analysis diagnosed an SFT arising from the round ligament of the liver. No adjuvant treatment was given. Ten months after surgery, the patient is alive without any signs or symptoms of relapse. This is the first report of SFT arising from the round ligament of the liver. It illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing such tumors. Whilst diagnosis of SFT is rare, it should be kept in mind to allow early diagnosis and complete surgical resection, which provide the best chance for recovery.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumor in the pelvic cavity with hypoglycemia: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Nagase, Takeshi; Adachi, Iwao; Yamada, Tetsuji; Murakami, Nozomu; Morita, Katsuya; Yoshino, Yuji; Katayanagi, Kazuyoshi; Kurumaya, Hiroshi

    2005-01-01

    A case of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in the pelvic cavity with hypoglycemia is reported. The patient was a 60-year-old man who was referred to our hospital for a closer examination of hypoglycemia. Computed tomography demonstrated a mass, measuring 14 x 9 cm in size, in the pelvic cavity. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the mass to have a low signal intensity on T1-weighted images and a high intensity on T2-weighted images. Laparotomy revealed no peritoneal dissemination nor lymph node metastasis. An en bloc excision of the tumor was performed with a good recovery, and the hypoglycemia disappeared. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped and oval cells in sarcoma, based on a moderate mitotic rate and cellularity. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was positive for CD34 and negative for keratin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, desmin, S100 protein, c-kit protein, and epithelial membrane antigen. Based on these findings, the tumor was diagnosed to be malignant SFT in the pelvic cavity.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the female genital tract a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Biedrzycki, Olaf James; Singh, Naveena; Habeeb, Hani; Wathen, Neville; Faruqi, Asma

    2007-07-01

    Originally thought to be limited to mesothelial-lined surfaces, solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) has now been reported in numerous extrathoracic sites. The female genital tract is among the rarest reported sites involving SFT, and only a handful of cases have been described. Although features pointing to a more malignant biological behavior have been described, these tumors remain unpredictable in their clinical course. We present a case of primary SFT originating in the vulva of a 45-year-old woman, only the fourth such case and only the ninth case of primary SFT of the female genital tract. The tumor presented as a 60-mm, well-circumscribed, painless lump and comprised bland spindle cells in a collagenized stroma with hypercellular and hypocellular foci. Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells were strongly positive for CD34, Bcl 2, and vimentin, with focal positivity for CD99. Immunohistochemical staining for MNF116, desmin, smooth muscle actin, ER, PR, and S100 was negative. There has been no recurrence after 6 months. We discuss the principal differential diagnoses of spindle cell mesenchymal tumors of the vulva and review the previously published cases of primary SFTs originating in the female genital tract. We also stress the importance of informing clinicians involved in these cases of the potential for an unpredictable clinical outcome.

  14. NAB2-STAT6 Gene Fusion in Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma and Solitary Fibrous Tumor.

    PubMed

    Fritchie, Karen J; Jin, Long; Rubin, Brian P; Burger, Peter C; Jenkins, Sarah M; Barthelmeß, Sarah; Moskalev, Evgeny A; Haller, Florian; Oliveira, Andre M; Giannini, Caterina

    2016-03-01

    Meningeal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and hemangiopericytoma (HPC) are considered to be distinct entities in the WHO Classification of CNS Tumours (2007). They harbor NAB2-STAT6 fusions similar to their soft tissue counterparts, supporting the view that they are part of a tumor continuum. We examined 30 meningeal-based tumors originally diagnosed as either SFT or HPC. These showed a spectrum of morphologic features and were diagnosed as SFTs, malignant SFTs, HPCs, or tumors with "intermediate" features. All of the tumors showed nuclear expression of STAT6. SFTs consistently expressed diffuse CD34, while HPCs and intermediate tumors had heterogeneous staining. NAB2-STAT6 fusions were identified in 20 cases, including 7 with exon 4-exon 3, 9 with exon 6-exon 17, and 4 with exon 6-exon 18 fusions. NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3 fusion correlated with classic SFT morphology and older age and showed a trend toward less mitotic activity; there was also a trend toward more aggressive behavior in tumors lacking NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3. Thus, despite their clinical and morphologic differences, meningeal-based SFTs, HPCs, and tumors with intermediate features, similar to their soft tissue counterparts, form a histopathologic spectrum unified by STAT6 immunoexpression and NAB2-STAT6 fusion.

  15. Solitary fibrous tumours of the meninges: case series and literature review.

    PubMed

    Martin, A J; Fisher, C; Igbaseimokumo, U; Jarosz, J M; Dean, A F

    2001-08-01

    We report four new cases of meningeal Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT). Two patients presented with raised intracranial pressure from posterior fossa SFT, and the third developed hemiparesis and dysphasia due to a large lesion that originated in the left middle cranial fossa. These were successfully excised and the patients remain well at follow-up of between 1 and 3 years. The fourth patient, a 71-year-old man, suffered an intracerebral haemorrhage and later died from a malignant SFT that had invaded the falx cerebri, superior sagittal sinus, and brain. This is the first description of a locally aggressive meningeal SFT with multiple atypical histological features. The 31 previously reported cases of meningeal SFT are reviewed. They occur at all ages and may be relatively more common in the posterior fossa and spine. Intracranial SFT originate from the dura and are probably indistinguishable from meningiomas on imaging and at surgery. In contrast, approximately two-thirds of spinal SFT have no dural attachment. Histologically, SFT are spindle-cell neoplasms with a characteristic immunohistochemical profile of CD34, vimentin, and bcl-2 positivity. Data on outcome for patients with meningeal SFT are limited. At other sites, however, extent of resection is the most important prognostic factor, and invasion or metastasis can occur with histologically benign SFT. Meningeal SFT should, therefore, be excised as completely as possible and followed carefully in the long-term.

  16. [A case of intraorbital solitary fibrous tumor resected successfully with preoperative arterial embolization].

    PubMed

    Kishimoto, Ippei; Shinohara, Shogo; Fujiwara, Keizo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Tona, Risa; Kanazawa, Yuji; Harada, Hiroyuki; Naito, Yasushi; Usami, Yu

    2014-12-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm derived from mesenchymal cells. It sometimes recurs clinically, and is categorized as an 'intermediate malignancy' tumor under the WHO (World Health Organization) classification of soft tissue tumors. Several studies have reported on intraorbital SFTs, but none of them has pointed out the utility of preoperative arterial embolization in the case of an intraorbital SFT. A 75-year-old man, who had received a dacryocystectomy for a benign tumor in the right lacrimal sac 30 years previously, visited our hospital complaining of lower eyelid swelling and lachrymation that had persisted for a year. CT and MRI revealed an intraorbital lesion, and the open biopsy specimen showed dense growth of spindle cells, which turned out to be an SFT by immunohistochemistry based on the findings. After preoperative embolization of the infraorbital artery, we removed the tumor with a skin incision on the lower rim of the orbit with little bleeding. The surgical specimen revealed that the tumor was close to a lacrimal canaliculus, which suggested the tumor originated from the lacrimal apparatus considering the patient's past history. He was followed up for three months without recurrences. PMID:25946830

  17. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Paramythiotis, Daniel; Kofina, Konstantinia; Bangeas, Petros; Tsiompanou, Fani; Karayannopoulou, Georgia; Basdanis, George

    2016-06-27

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor typically located in the pleura, but can also be found as an asymptomatic mass in other areas, including the liver, peritoneum, kidney and salivary glands. However, SFT rarely locates in the pancreas. We present such a case of pancreatic SFT, along with a review of all reported cases. A 55-year-old man was treated surgically for an asymptomatic pancreatic mass after a rigorous preoperative control. Histologic examination of the resected specimen showed characteristics of an SFT. As only 15 cases of pancreatic SFT have been reported so far, an attempt to compare the cases was considered intriguing. We found that patients with pancreatic SFT were mainly women (81.25%), with a median age of 54 years at the time of diagnosis and a median tumor size of 5.83 cm. Pancreatic SFTs were revealed incidentally in 50% of cases, and all of them showed an enhancement through arterial computed tomography. All tumors were positive for CD34, ten were positive for Bcl-2, and twelve were negative for S100. The diagnosis of this pancreatic tumor is established by a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging procedures and histological findings, and is confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. Although the behavior of SFTs is rather benign, close clinical follow-up is recommended due to a potentially malignant nature. PMID:27358679

  18. NAB2-STAT6 Gene Fusion in Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma and Solitary Fibrous Tumor.

    PubMed

    Fritchie, Karen J; Jin, Long; Rubin, Brian P; Burger, Peter C; Jenkins, Sarah M; Barthelmeß, Sarah; Moskalev, Evgeny A; Haller, Florian; Oliveira, Andre M; Giannini, Caterina

    2016-03-01

    Meningeal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and hemangiopericytoma (HPC) are considered to be distinct entities in the WHO Classification of CNS Tumours (2007). They harbor NAB2-STAT6 fusions similar to their soft tissue counterparts, supporting the view that they are part of a tumor continuum. We examined 30 meningeal-based tumors originally diagnosed as either SFT or HPC. These showed a spectrum of morphologic features and were diagnosed as SFTs, malignant SFTs, HPCs, or tumors with "intermediate" features. All of the tumors showed nuclear expression of STAT6. SFTs consistently expressed diffuse CD34, while HPCs and intermediate tumors had heterogeneous staining. NAB2-STAT6 fusions were identified in 20 cases, including 7 with exon 4-exon 3, 9 with exon 6-exon 17, and 4 with exon 6-exon 18 fusions. NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3 fusion correlated with classic SFT morphology and older age and showed a trend toward less mitotic activity; there was also a trend toward more aggressive behavior in tumors lacking NAB2 exon 4-STAT6 exon 3. Thus, despite their clinical and morphologic differences, meningeal-based SFTs, HPCs, and tumors with intermediate features, similar to their soft tissue counterparts, form a histopathologic spectrum unified by STAT6 immunoexpression and NAB2-STAT6 fusion. PMID:26883114

  19. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Paramythiotis, Daniel; Kofina, Konstantinia; Bangeas, Petros; Tsiompanou, Fani; Karayannopoulou, Georgia; Basdanis, George

    2016-06-27

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor typically located in the pleura, but can also be found as an asymptomatic mass in other areas, including the liver, peritoneum, kidney and salivary glands. However, SFT rarely locates in the pancreas. We present such a case of pancreatic SFT, along with a review of all reported cases. A 55-year-old man was treated surgically for an asymptomatic pancreatic mass after a rigorous preoperative control. Histologic examination of the resected specimen showed characteristics of an SFT. As only 15 cases of pancreatic SFT have been reported so far, an attempt to compare the cases was considered intriguing. We found that patients with pancreatic SFT were mainly women (81.25%), with a median age of 54 years at the time of diagnosis and a median tumor size of 5.83 cm. Pancreatic SFTs were revealed incidentally in 50% of cases, and all of them showed an enhancement through arterial computed tomography. All tumors were positive for CD34, ten were positive for Bcl-2, and twelve were negative for S100. The diagnosis of this pancreatic tumor is established by a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging procedures and histological findings, and is confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. Although the behavior of SFTs is rather benign, close clinical follow-up is recommended due to a potentially malignant nature.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Paramythiotis, Daniel; Kofina, Konstantinia; Bangeas, Petros; Tsiompanou, Fani; Karayannopoulou, Georgia; Basdanis, George

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor typically located in the pleura, but can also be found as an asymptomatic mass in other areas, including the liver, peritoneum, kidney and salivary glands. However, SFT rarely locates in the pancreas. We present such a case of pancreatic SFT, along with a review of all reported cases. A 55-year-old man was treated surgically for an asymptomatic pancreatic mass after a rigorous preoperative control. Histologic examination of the resected specimen showed characteristics of an SFT. As only 15 cases of pancreatic SFT have been reported so far, an attempt to compare the cases was considered intriguing. We found that patients with pancreatic SFT were mainly women (81.25%), with a median age of 54 years at the time of diagnosis and a median tumor size of 5.83 cm. Pancreatic SFTs were revealed incidentally in 50% of cases, and all of them showed an enhancement through arterial computed tomography. All tumors were positive for CD34, ten were positive for Bcl-2, and twelve were negative for S100. The diagnosis of this pancreatic tumor is established by a combination of clinical suspicion, imaging procedures and histological findings, and is confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. Although the behavior of SFTs is rather benign, close clinical follow-up is recommended due to a potentially malignant nature. PMID:27358679

  1. Solitary fibrous tumor of the thigh with epithelioid features: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Martorell, Miguel; Pérez-Vallés, Ana; Gozalbo, Francisco; Garcia-Garcia, Jose Angel; Gutierrez, Jair; Gaona, John

    2007-01-01

    Background Extrapleural Solitary Fibrous tumors (SFTs) have been increasingly reported. The retroperitoneum, deep soft tissues of proximal extremities, abdominal cavity, trunk, head and neck are the most common extraserosal locations reported. Microscopically they show a wide range of morphological features, and so the differential diagnosis is extensive. Immunohistochemically, they commonly express CD34, vimentin, bcl-2 and CD99. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and smooth muscle actin (SMA) may occasionally be expressed. Epithelioid morphology in extrapleural SFT has only very occasionally been described (five cases reported), some of them with biphasic pattern and others with malignant characteristics. Case presentation A SFT of the thigh with epithelioid areas in a 63 year old woman is reported. Microscopically the tumor showed areas hypo and hipercellular. At the periphery of the hipercellular areas there were nodules composed of epithelioid cells. Immunohistochemically both the spindle and epithelioid cells were positive for CD34, vimentin, bcl-2 and CD99. Epithelial, neural and muscular markers were negative. Molecular study was done and ruled out a synovial sarcoma. Conclusion Ten cases of SFT of the thigh have been reported but to our knowledge this is the first case with epithelioid morphology affecting the extremities. Identification of this pattern of SFT is of importance, to avoid misdiagnosis with other more aggressive conditions in soft tissue. PMID:17577399

  2. Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma in an urban hospital: clinical spectrum and trend in incidence over time.

    PubMed

    Shepherd, K E; Oliver, L C; Kazemi, H

    1989-01-01

    This retrospective analysis reviews the clinical experience of a major urban referral hospital with diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma during the 14-year period from 1973 through 1986. Seventy-five cases of definite or equivocal mesothelioma were identified. There were four cases of primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, seven cases of benign fibrous mesothelioma, and 64 cases of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma. In 43 cases (67%) of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma, there was historic evidence of asbestos exposure. In 21 cases (33%), there was no known history of asbestos exposure. An increase in annual incidence of diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma was observed over the study period, from three cases in 1973 to ten cases in 1986. Despite greater awareness of this disease, the diagnosis remains a difficult one to establish given the nonspecific symptoms, signs and radiographic appearance, variable histologic appearance, and poor diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy. Thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and CT-guided needle biopsies gave higher yields and are the diagnostic measures of choice when diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma is suspected.

  3. The surgical treatment of fibrous dysplasia. With emphasis on recent contributions from cranio-maxillo-facial surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Edgerton, M T; Persing, J A; Jane, J A

    1985-01-01

    Fibrous dysplasia is a congenital, metabolic, nonfamilial disturbance that occurs in one or more bones, at times in association with skin pigmentations or endocrine abnormalities. The authors report on a large personal series of 23 patients with fibrous dysplasia involving the craniofacial skeleton. The etiology, clinical findings, pathology, and differential diagnosis of this condition are reviewed and a working hypothesis is offered for the pathophysiology of this disorder. Approximately one-third of patients with fibrous dysplasia have involvement of the cranial or facial bones. The authors describe how new techniques in craniofacial surgery have opened up additional options for this group of patients. Deformity, diplopia, proptosis, sinus infection, deafness, and loss of vision, are some of the clinical features that may require early surgical management. Evidence is given to support more complete resection of bony lesions with immediate reconstruction by several techniques. The removal, remodeling, and replacement of the dysplastic bone is advanced as a promising new method for the management of these complex problems. Successful use of this technique in four patients is reported. In a separate group of patients, continuing good experience is reported with cranio-orbital reconstruction by means of large methyl-methacrylate implants. Both of these surgical approaches eliminate donor site morbidity that results from the grafting of large amounts of autogenous bone. Both techniques also avoid the problems associated with postoperative absorption of bone grafting. Several patients are reported in whom serious disturbances in visual function appear to have been prevented or reversed by early treatment. Factors leading to malignant change in patients with fibrous dysplasia are reviewed. Images FIG. 1A. FIG. 1B. FIG. 1C. FIG. 1D. FIG. 1E. FIG. 1F. FIG. 2A. FIG. 2B. FIG. 2C. FIG. 2D. FIG. 2E. FIG. 2F. FIG. 2G. FIG. 2H. FIGS. 2I and J. FIG. 3A. FIG. 3B. FIG. 3C. FIG. 3

  4. Fibrous random materials: From microstructure to macroscopic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yazdchi, K.; Luding, S.

    2013-06-01

    Fibrous porous materials are involved in a wide range of applications including composite materials, fuel cells, heat exchangers and (biological)filters. Fluid flow through these materials plays an important role in many engineering applications and processes, such as textiles and paper manufacturing or transport of (under)ground water and pollutants. While most porous materials have complex geometry, some can be seen as two-dimensional particulate/fibrous systems, in which we introduce several microscopic quantities, based on Voronoi and Delaunay tessellations, to characterize their microstructure. In particular, by analyzing the topological properties of Voronoi polygons, we observe a smooth transition from disorder to order, for increasing packing fraction. Using fully resolved finite element (FE) simulations of Newtonian, incompressible fluid flow perpendicular to the fibres, the macroscopic permeability is calculated in creeping flow regimes. The effect of fibre arrangement and local crystalline regions on the macroscopic permeability is discussed and the macroscopic property is linked to the microscopic structural quantities.

  5. Electrospun Fibrous Membranes with Super-large-strain Electric Superhydrophobicity

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Hua; Wang, Hongxia; Niu, Haitao; Lin, Tong

    2015-01-01

    Large-strain elastic superhydrophobicity is highly desirable for its enhanced use performance and functional reliability in mechanically dynamic environments, but remains challenging to develop. Here we have, for the first time, proven that an elastic fibrous membrane after surface hydrophobization can maintain superhydrophobicity during one-directional (uniaxial) stretching to a strain as high as 1500% and two-direction (biaxial) stretching to a strain up to 700%. The fibrous membrane can withstand at least 1,000 cycles of repeated stretching without losing the superhydrophobicity. Stretching slightly increases the membrane air permeability and reduces water breakthrough pressure. It is highly stable in acid and base environments. Such a permeable, highly-elastic superhydrophobic membrane may open up novel applications in membrane separation, healthcare, functional textile and energy fields. PMID:26511520

  6. [Solitary fibrous tumor of the urinary bladder: a case report].

    PubMed

    Wang, Cong; Miyago, Naoki; Harada, Yasunori; Yasunaga, Yutaka; Oka, Toshitsugu

    2012-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is one of the mesenchymal tumor usually occurs in the pleura. Extrapleural occurrence of SFT is uncommon. We herein report an extremely rare case of 72-year old man with SFT originated in the urinary bladder. The tumor was incidentally discovered as a mass of 8.5 mm in diameter by a pelvic MRI. Cystoscopy revealed the protruding submucosal tumor in the center of the trigon. Transurethral resection was carried out. Pathological examination revealed a tumor composed of spindle cells with rich vascularity surrounded by abundant collagen fibers. The immunohistochemical findings showed a strong positivity to CD 34 and relatively weak positivity to Bcl-2. MIB-1 index indicated less than 3%, thus the tumor was diagnosed as a solitary fibrous tumor. The patient has no evidence of disease 16 months after the surgery. The current case was the first report in Japan and the twelfth worldwide.

  7. Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with multiple cavities.

    PubMed

    Polomsky, Matej; Sines, Daniel T; Dutton, Jonathan J

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare spindle cell neoplasms of mesenchymal origin that most commonly arise within pleura and have also been reported in many extrapleural sites including the orbit. Cavitary changes within SFT of both pleura and extrapleural sites have been documented, but remain very rare. To the authors' knowledge, the third known case of an orbital solitary fibrous tumor containing large pseudocystic cavities is described. MRI demonstrated a heterogeneous enhancing mass with multiple cavities. Excisional biopsy revealed solid tumor with large cavities filled with straw-colored fluid and tumor cells that stained positive for CD34 and CD99 antigens, consistent with SFT. The patient had an uncomplicated postoperative course with no sign of recurrence and resolution of the proptosis after 12 months of follow up. SFT are rare benign orbital neoplasms that rarely present with cavitary changes. Current treatment options include complete surgical excision, which was performed in this case. Close follow up is advised to monitor for recurrence.

  8. Recurrent intracranial solitary fibrous tumor initially diagnosed as hemangiopericytoma.

    PubMed

    Hori, Emiko; Kurimoto, Masanori; Fukuda, Osamu; Takahashi, Chiaki; Nagai, Shoichi; Oya, Takeshi; Endo, Shunro

    2007-01-01

    We describe a case of an intracranial solitary fibrous tumor that recurred three times consecutively in an 11-year period. A 72-year-old man presented with a headache and gait disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a dumbbell tumor at the left tentorium. The tumor was removed but recurred. The first diagnosis was hemangiopericytoma, but all specimens showed a "patternless pattern" and few reticulin fibers, which features were not compatible with hemangiopericytoma. All tumors showed immunoreactivity for CD34 and bcl-2. These results point to a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) and not to hemangiopericytoma. We present here a hypercellular spindle-cell tumor that was very similar to hemangiopericytoma but is better diagnosed as SFT.

  9. Biphasic solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with distant metastases.

    PubMed

    Parrozzani, Raffaele; Fusetti, Stefano; Montesco, Cristina; Favero, Vittorio; Midena, Edoardo

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study is to report the first case of biphasic solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the orbit with documented histological transformation and metastatic diffusion. We describe a case of a 23-year-old Caucasian man with recurrent SFT of the right orbit with intracranial invasion. The patient underwent surgical tumor removal via a right fronto-orbital approach. Histopathological examination showed a biphasic tumor pattern with both spindle cell and epithelioid components. The histopathological re-evaluation of previously removed lesions (1999 and 2004) confirmed the diagnosis of SFT, without any evidence of epithelioid component at that time. The patient developed local recurrence and systemic metastases (occipital foramen and clivus, paravertebral muscles and peritoneum) three years after surgery. We are unaware of previous reports of biphasic solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with documented histological transformation and metastatic diffusion.

  10. Solitary fibrous tumor in bladder: a case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Tao; Chen, Ruibao; Qiao, Jiankun; Hu, Tao; Liu, Jihong; Yang, Weiming; Ye, Zhangqun

    2010-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in bladder is extremely rare. In this study, we reported one case of bladder SFT and reviewed the only ten cases of the disease that had been reported so far. The patient suffered from residual urine sensation and urethral pain. Cystoscopy revealed a 7-cm protruding mass at the dome of the bladder, and bladder mucosa biopsy showed normal differentiation of the bladder mucosa with a small amount of inflammatory cells. Radical resection of the tumor was performed in this patient. Pathological examination found uniform, haphazardly arranged spindle cells, the majority of which were CD34-positive and Vimentin-positive and proved that the mass was a solitary fibrous tumor. Within a period of 9 months of follow-up, no reoccurrence was found.

  11. Distant metastasis from benign solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Sasaki, Hideo; Kurihara, Tsuyoshi; Katsuoka, Yuichi; Nakano, Toru; Yoshioka, Maki; Miyano, Satetsu; Sato, Yuichi; Uejima, Iwao; Hoshikawa, Masahiro; Takagi, Masayuki; Chikaraishi, Tatsuya

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) rarely occurs in the kidneys, and only one reported case of renal SFT has shown distant metastasis. We report the second case of renal SFT exhibiting distant metastasis. A 48-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a right renal mass. An abdominal CT scan detected a large renal tumor, which was suspected to be a renal cell carcinoma. Right radical nephrectomy was performed, and the tumor was found to measure 28 × 18 × 10 cm. The pathological diagnosis was benign solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney. Eight years after the operation, lung and liver metastases developed. Pulmonary segmentectomy and partial hepatectomy were performed. The pathological diagnoses of these resected tissue specimens were compatible with benign SFT.

  12. Solitary fibrous tumor of the parotid gland: Case report.

    PubMed

    Sousa, Alexandre A; Souto, Giovanna R; Sousa, Isabela A; Mesquita, Ricardo A; Gomez, Ricardo S; Jham, Bruno C

    2013-10-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that usually develops in the pleura and peritoneum. The head and neck region is involved in only 6% of the cases. Involvement of the parotid gland is a rare phenomenon, with only 24 cases reported in the literature. The aim of this study is to report an additional case of SFT affecting the parotid gland, and to review the literature on previously reported cases. The patient was a 42-year-old male with a 4-cm, fibro-elastic, movable, painless nodule in the inferior lobe of the parotid gland. The lesion was surgically excised and, following histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis, a diagnosis of SFT was rendered. The patient has been followed-up for ten months, with no signs of recurrence. Clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and treatment aspects of the tumor are discussed. Key words:Solitary fibrous tumor, parotid gland, case report.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the scalp in a child.

    PubMed

    Rizk, Tony; Awada, Adnan; Sebaaly, Amer; Hourani, Roula

    2013-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that arise most commonly in the pleura but have been increasingly reported in extrapleural sites. The authors report the case of an SFT of the scalp that manifested as an enlarging scalp mass in a 2-year-old boy. The mass was surgically excised. Histological examination showed it to be composed of fusiform cells of variable cellularity with a central hyalinization zone. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD34 and negative for smooth muscle actin, S100 protein, desmin, and h-caldesmon. On 1-year follow-up, there was no recurrence of the mass. This case presented some diagnostic difficulty because of the wide range of possible diagnoses for a pediatric scalp mass; however, the distinct immunohistochemical profile helped to eliminate other more frequent fibrous tumors of the scalp. The behavior of scalp SFTs is usually benign, but their course can be unpredictable, and recognition of these lesions is essential.

  14. Solitary fibrous tumor of pleura: expression of cytokeratins.

    PubMed

    McGuire, L J; Chan, H S; Pang, J

    1990-10-01

    A case of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFT) is presented. The histogenesis of this uncommon tumor is debated with most investigators favouring origin in submesothelial fibroblasts. Part of the evidence supporting this has been the persistent negativity of the tumor cells for cytokeratin--a feature militating against origin in mesothelial-lining cells. Our case shows unequivocal focal cytokeratin positivity in tumor cells; we feel that although this indicates mesothelial differentiation it does not militate against origin in submesothelial fibroblasts since, in reactive conditions, these are capable of mesothelial differentiation including expression of cytokeratin. Indeed, it reinforces the hypothesis that SFT is of submesothelial origin. Solitary fibrous tumors can be cellular and atypical. The reactivity of the tumor with cytokeratin, albeit rarely, should be considered in differentiating SFT from sarcomatoid mesothelioma.

  15. Electrospun Fibrous Membranes with Super-large-strain Electric Superhydrophobicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Hua; Wang, Hongxia; Niu, Haitao; Lin, Tong

    2015-10-01

    Large-strain elastic superhydrophobicity is highly desirable for its enhanced use performance and functional reliability in mechanically dynamic environments, but remains challenging to develop. Here we have, for the first time, proven that an elastic fibrous membrane after surface hydrophobization can maintain superhydrophobicity during one-directional (uniaxial) stretching to a strain as high as 1500% and two-direction (biaxial) stretching to a strain up to 700%. The fibrous membrane can withstand at least 1,000 cycles of repeated stretching without losing the superhydrophobicity. Stretching slightly increases the membrane air permeability and reduces water breakthrough pressure. It is highly stable in acid and base environments. Such a permeable, highly-elastic superhydrophobic membrane may open up novel applications in membrane separation, healthcare, functional textile and energy fields.

  16. Development of flame resistant treatment for Nomex fibrous structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Toy, M. S.

    1977-01-01

    Flame resistant fibrous materials for space shuttle application were developed through chemical modification of commercially available aromatic polyamide fibrous products. The new surface treatment was achieved in the laboratory by ultraviolet activation of the fabric in the presence of fluoroolefin monomers and a diluent gas. The monomers grafted under these conditions provide the improved properties of the fabric in flame resistance, chemical inertness, and nonwettability without the sacrifice of color or physical properties. The laboratory reaction vessel was scaled-up to a batch continuous process, which treats ten yards of the commercial width textiles. The treated commercial width Nomex (HT-10-41) from the scaled-up reactor is self-extinguishing in an oxygen-enriched environment, water-repellent, soft, silky, and improved in chemical resistance. Unlike most textile processes, the grafting unit operates under dry conditions and no chemical by-products have to be washed out of the finished product.

  17. Sequential computed tomography images demonstrating characteristic changes in fibrous dysplasia.

    PubMed

    Tokano, H; Sugimoto, T; Noguchi, Y; Kitamura, K

    2001-09-01

    Images of fibrous dysplasia (FD) on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) vary depending on the relative proportions of the fibrous and osseous components. Based on analysis of the literature, Camilleri suggested that structural changes revealed by conventional radiography may be indicative of the progression of FD. Here we describe the case of a boy who presented at 12 years of age with monostotic FD located in the right maxilla. The lesion first appeared as a lamellar, "onion peel"-like structure on CT; then over the course of the next five years, the structure became what has been termed an "egg-shell lesion", before eventually assuming the form of a "ground-glass lesion". PMID:11564313

  18. Some Fundamental Molecular Mechanisms of Contractility in Fibrous Macromolecules

    PubMed Central

    Mandelkern, L.

    1967-01-01

    The fundamental molecular mechanisms of contractility and tension development in fibrous macromolecules are developed from the point of view of the principles of polymer physical chemistry. The problem is treated in a general manner to encompass the behavior of all macromolecular systems irrespective of their detailed chemical structure and particular function, if any. Primary attention is given to the contractile process which accompanies the crystal-liquid transition in axially oriented macromolecular systems. The theoretical nature of the process is discussed, and many experimental examples are given from the literature which demonstrate the expected behavior. Experimental attention is focused on the contraction of fibrous proteins, and the same underlying molecular mechanism is shown to be operative for a variety of different systems. PMID:6050598

  19. An endochronic theory for transversely isotropic fibrous composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pindera, M. J.; Herakovich, C. T.

    1981-01-01

    A rational methodology of modelling both nonlinear and elastic dissipative response of transversely isotropic fibrous composites is developed and illustrated with the aid of the observed response of graphite-polyimide off-axis coupons. The methodology is based on the internal variable formalism employed within the text of classical irreversible thermodynamics and entails extension of Valanis' endochronic theory to transversely isotropic media. Applicability of the theory to prediction of various response characteristics of fibrous composites is illustrated by accurately modelling such often observed phenomena as: stiffening reversible behavior along fiber direction; dissipative response in shear and transverse tension characterized by power-laws with different hardening exponents; permanent strain accumulation; nonlinear unloading and reloading; and stress-interaction effects.

  20. Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura: a review.

    PubMed

    Trihia, H; Valavanis, Ch; Baltayiannis, N

    2003-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pleura is a rare neoplasm that arises most commonly within the visceral pleura but may evolve from the parietal pleura of the chest, mediastinum or diaphragm. These tumors are most commonly diagnosed in the 6th to 7th decade of life with equal rates of occurrence for both sexes. In this review we discuss the clinical, radiographic and histological features, the diagnosis and differential diagnosis, prognostic factors and therapy of these rare tumors.

  1. Solitary fibrous tumour of the prostate identified on needle biopsy.

    PubMed

    Galosi, Andrea B; Mazzucchelli, Roberta; Scarpelli, Marina; Lopez-Beltran, Antonio; Cheng, Liang; Muzzonigro, Giovanni; Montironi, Rodolfo

    2009-09-01

    The clinical and radical prostatectomy features of a case of solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) of the prostate identified on needle biopsy are presented. The main differential diagnoses are discussed. SFTs involving the prostate are relatively uncommon, with only isolated cases reported in the literature. Owing to their relative rarity and lack of long-term follow-up, the clinical behaviour of prostatic SFTs is difficult to predict. Complete resection of the tumour is currently the single main prognostic factor.

  2. Solitary fibrous tumor of the retropharynx causing obstructive sleep apnea.

    PubMed

    El-Sayed, Ivan H; Eisele, David W; Yang, Tony L; Iezza, Gioia

    2006-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare, usually benign, spindle cell neoplasms that most often originate near mesothelium-lined surfaces of the pleural or peritoneal cavity. SFTs reported in the head and neck occur most commonly in the oral cavity, sinonasal tract, and orbit. We report a case of SFT of the retropharynx causing severe obstructive sleep apnea. The diagnostic and management strategies of SFTs are discussed.

  3. Nasal solitary fibrous tumor arising from the anterior cranial fossa.

    PubMed

    Hicks, David L; Moe, Kris S

    2004-11-01

    The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal, spindle cell neoplasm that was originally found in pleural tissue. Recently, however, numerous extrapleural sites have been discovered, including the nasal cavity. We present the 15th case of a nasal SFT, and the first such tumor to arise from the cribriform plate and extend into the anterior cranial fossa. In addition to highlighting the aggressive nature of this tumor, we review its clinical features and the diagnostic difficulties posed by SFT.

  4. A Solitary Fibrous Tumor (Cellular Form) of the Ankle.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jun Yong; Kim, Dong-Hwi; Seo, Kyung-Jin; Jung, Sung-No

    2016-01-01

    A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare type of mesenchymal tumor composed of uniform spindle cells that is classically described as a patternless feature. SFT normally originates from the pleura, with an SFT originating from skin rarely reported. We report what we believe to be the first case of an SFT arising from the ankle. Our case was confirmed histopathologically with immunohistochemical staining. PMID:25979291

  5. Experimental Studies on Dynamic Properties of Fibrous Aerosols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Miintsong

    Throughout the development of the theory of fibrous aerosol particles, the dynamic behaviour of fibrous aerosol particles has most often been approximated by prolate spheroids. During recent experiments with chain-like particles of axis ratios between 5 and 1000, it became clear that the dynamics of fibrous particles needs to be well studied. This work addresses this need by studying both translational and rotational motions using various techniques. One of the measurements described below extends the classical work done with macroscopic bodies in oil tanks. The determination of drag and shape factors of chains and cylinders relative to that of prolate spheroids was obtained with chains of equal sized spheres and tungsten cylinders of various axis ratios between 2 and 50. Re was kept below ca. 0.01 for all particles by using silicone oil with a viscosity of ca. 110 poise. Empirical wall corrections in both principal orientations were developed for prolated bodies moving along the axis of an "infinitely long" cylindrical tube. Respective uncertainties for shape factors and wall corrections were typically (+OR-)1% and (+OR-)10%. The other measurement studied measures electrical light scattering of fibrous aerosols. Due to Brownian rotational motion, the size distribution function to nonspherical aerosols was determined after removing the electrical field which had been applied to the aerosol flow by measuring the decay of intensity of scattered light in a small foward angle with respect to the laser beam. Some necessary inter -instrument comparisons were made by using three different sizes of chain-like aerosols. Whether NNLS, nonlinear regression, or lognormal fittings were used they yielded very consistent results. The agreement of the count median between comparisons was very satisfactory. The uncertainty of the mean size was typically (+OR-)3%.

  6. Elastic-plastic behavior of non-woven fibrous mats

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silberstein, Meredith N.; Pai, Chia-Ling; Rutledge, Gregory C.; Boyce, Mary C.

    2012-02-01

    Electrospinning is a novel method for creating non-woven polymer mats that have high surface area and high porosity. These attributes make them ideal candidates for multifunctional composites. Understanding the mechanical properties as a function of fiber properties and mat microstructure can aid in designing these composites. Further, a constitutive model which captures the membrane stress-strain behavior as a function of fiber properties and the geometry of the fibrous network would be a powerful design tool. Here, mats electrospun from amorphous polyamide are used as a model system. The elastic-plastic behavior of single fibers are obtained in tensile tests. Uniaxial monotonic and cyclic tensile tests are conducted on non-woven mats. The mat exhibits elastic-plastic stress-strain behavior. The transverse strain behavior provides important complementary data, showing a negligible initial Poisson's ratio followed by a transverse:axial strain ratio greater than -1:1 after an axial strain of 0.02. A triangulated framework has been developed to emulate the fibrous network structure of the mat. The micromechanically based model incorporates the elastic-plastic behavior of single fibers into a macroscopic membrane model of the mat. This representative volume element based model is shown to capture the uniaxial elastic-plastic response of the mat under monotonic and cyclic loading. The initial modulus and yield stress of the mat are governed by the fiber properties, the network geometry, and the network density. The transverse strain behavior is linked to discrete deformation mechanisms of the fibrous mat structure including fiber alignment, fiber bending, and network consolidation. The model is further validated in comparison to experiments under different constrained axial loading conditions and found to capture the constraint effect on stiffness, yield, post-yield hardening, and post-yield transverse strain behavior. Due to the direct connection between

  7. Role of Immunohistochemistry in the Diagnosis of Solitary Fibrous Tumor, a Review

    PubMed Central

    Geramizadeh, Bita; Marzban, Mahsa; Churg, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Background: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor which is most commonly seen in the pleura; however it can be seen in other organs such as the meninge, gastrointestinal tract, soft tissue, bone, and skin. SFT should be differentiated from other mesenchymal tumors in these organs. Immunohistochemistry plays a pivotal role for the histopathologic diagnosis of this tumor. Currently, new markers have been introduced which has been very useful for definite diagnosis of SFT along with other markers in each specific location which are negative in SFT. Methods: Here we review the reported positive and negative immunohistochemical markers of SFT in the English literature with the emphasis on the useful markers in each specific organ. We explored the English literature from 1990 through 2015 via PubMed, Google, and Google scholar using the following search keywords: Solitary fibrous tumor, Solitary fibrous tumor and immunohistochemistry, Solitary fibrous tumor and diagnosis, Solitary fibrous tumor and histogenesis, Solitary fibrous tumor and prognosis, Solitary fibrous tumor and hemangiopericytoma, Solitary fibrous tumor and differential diagnosis, Solitary fibrous tumor and markers. Results: The most important and valuable positive markers in SFT are CD34, CD99, Bcl-2 and STAT-6.There are consistently negative markers in this tumor as well, used according to the tumor location, such as EMA and S100 Conclusion: Immunohistochemistry is very useful for the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor and for its differentiation with other spindle cell mesenchymal tumor in different locations. PMID:27799967

  8. Erosive separation of organic coatings from fibrous substrates.

    PubMed

    Weiss, M; Momber, A W

    2004-11-01

    The separation of organic coatings from fibrous substrates is a key problem in recycling processes. This problem applies to carpets, technical textiles and automotive interior components. This paper reports about results of laboratory studies involving the application of high-speed liquid jets to solve this problem. Results from high-speed video images are used to qualify the principal erosion process. It is shown that the coating material is first ground by the jet; the generated erosion debris is then pushed through the permeable fibrous fabric of the substrate. It is also found that threshold conditions exist for the coating grinding process and for the debris transportation. These threshold conditions depend on target composition and process parameters. A phenomenological separation model is introduced. The influence of key process parameters, namely jet velocity, exposure time, stand-off distance and impact angle, is also investigated. It is found that high-speed liquid jets are suitable tools for separating organic coatings completely and selectively from fibrous substrates. Recommendations on how to optimise the erosion process are derived from the results.

  9. Solitary fibrous tumor of the tentorium cerebelli. Case report.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Núñez, A; Rivas, J J; Ricoy, J R; Miranda, P; Arrese, I; Lobato, R D; Ramos, A

    2004-06-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that has been recognized to occur almost all along the organism. Since its description in 1996 at the meninges, a total of 59 cases of meningeal SFT have been reported. Different authors have emphasized the difficulties in the differential diagnosis with other more frequent meningeal neoplasms such as meningioma or hemangiopericytoma, as the clinico-radiological characteristics of this lesion seem to be non specific and the morphological features on pathological study may resemble other spindle cell neoplasms. The diffuse and strong reactivity for CD34 and the negativity for EMA and S-100 are data allowing the diagnosis of SFT. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman suffering from headache, in whom MRI study showed a tentorial lesion initially thought to be a meningioma. In spite of morphological similarities with a fibrous meningioma, inmunohistochemical study finally led to the diagnosis of SFT. As occurred in previous cases, the findings in our patient reflect the similarities in clinico-radiological and pathological characteristics between meningeal SFT and other spindle cell meningeal neoplasms, mainly fibrous meningioma. When a clear diagnosis cannot be done based on typical findings on conventional hematoxylin-eosin study, inmunohistochemical study should be performed in meningeal spindle cell lesions to exclude SFT.

  10. Renal solitary fibrous tumour: A rare pathological entity.

    PubMed

    Dong, Biao; Zhang, Jianjian; Wang, Gang; Zhai, Xiuyu; Fu, Yaowen; Zhou, Honglan; Wang, Yuantao

    2014-09-01

    A solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal cell neoplasm that can develop at any site. SFT of the kidney is extremely rare. Recently, we had a case of solitary fibrous tumour involving the left kidney in a 71-year-old female patient. The SFT was incidentally found by imaging modalities at the time of a physical workup. Computed tomography and retrograde pyelography showed a 4 × 3.5 × 4-cm nodular mass in the middle poles of the left kidney adjacent to the renal pelvis. A laparoscopic radical resection of the left kidney was performed. The tumour was well-circumscribed and composed of a mixture of spindle cells; microscopically, we found dense collagenous bands. Immunohistochemical studies showed strong reactions with CD34, bcl-2 and CD99. A nuclear positivity with Ki-67 was observed in less than 1% of cells. The tumour was negative for desmin, SMA and CD117. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies confirmed the diagnosis of a solitary fibrous tumour.

  11. Geometric characterization and simulation of planar layered elastomeric fibrous biomaterials

    PubMed Central

    Carleton, James B.; D'Amore, Antonio; Feaver, Kristen R.; Rodin, Gregory J.; Sacks, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    Many important biomaterials are composed of multiple layers of networked fibers. While there is a growing interest in modeling and simulation of the mechanical response of these biomaterials, a theoretical foundation for such simulations has yet to be firmly established. Moreover, correctly identifying and matching key geometric features is a critically important first step for performing reliable mechanical simulations. The present work addresses these issues in two ways. First, using methods of geometric probability we develop theoretical estimates for the mean linear and areal fiber intersection densities for two-dimensional fibrous networks. These densities are expressed in terms of the fiber density and the orientation distribution function, both of which are relatively easy-to-measure properties. Secondly, we develop a random walk algorithm for geometric simulation of two-dimensional fibrous networks which can accurately reproduce the prescribed fiber density and orientation distribution function. Furthermore, the linear and areal fiber intersection densities obtained with the algorithm are in agreement with the theoretical estimates. Both theoretical and computational results are compared with those obtained by post-processing of SEM images of actual scaffolds. These comparisons reveal difficulties inherent to resolving fine details of multilayered fibrous networks. The methods provided herein can provide a rational means to define and generate key geometric features from experimentally measured or prescribed scaffold structural data. PMID:25311685

  12. Analysis of effective thermal conductivity of fibrous materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Futschik, Michael W.; Witte, Larry C.

    1993-01-01

    The objective of this research is to gain a better understanding of the various mechanisms of heat transfer through fibrous materials and to gain insight into how fill-gas pressure influences the effective thermal conductivity. By way of first principles and some empiricism, two mathematical models are constructed to correlate experimental data. The data are obtained from a test series measuring the effective thermal conductivity of Nomex using a two-sided guarded hot-plate heater apparatus. Tests are conducted for certain mean temperatures and fill-gases over a range of pressures varying from vacuum to atmospheric conditions. The models are then evaluated to determine their effectiveness in representing the effective thermal conductivity of a fibrous material. The models presented herein predict the effective thermal conductivity of Nomex extremely well. Since the influence of gas conduction is determined to be the most influential component in predicting the effective thermal conductivity of a fibrous material, an improved representation of gas conduction is developed. Finally, some recommendations for extension to other random-oriented fiber materials are made concerning the usefulness of each model depending on their advantages and disadvantages.

  13. Malignant testicular tumours

    PubMed Central

    Vecchio, Pierre Del; Tawil, Elie; Béland, Gilles

    1974-01-01

    A series of 71 patients with malignant testicular tumours treated primarily by orchiectomy and irradiation is reviewed with respect to pathological and clinical features and modes of treatment. The three-year crude survival rate in 36 patients with seminoma was 86% and in 24 patients with carcinoma it was 41.7%. There were no survivors among patients with choriocarcinoma. Our results are comparable with those of other series. A prospective study is proposed of the value of irradiation and subsequent limited lymph node dissection following orchiectomy in cases of carcinoma of the testis. PMID:4855670

  14. Intraoral malignant melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Babburi, Suresh; Subramanyam, R. V.; Aparna, V.; Sowjanya, P.

    2013-01-01

    Primary oral mucosal melanoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm and accounts for only 0.2-8% of all reported melanomas. It is a malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that may arise from a benign melanocytic lesion or de novo from melanocytes within normal skin or mucosa. It is considered to be the most deadly and biologically unpredictable of all human neoplasms, having the worst prognosis. In this article, we report a case of oral melanoma in a 52-year-old female patient with a chief complaint of black discolouration of the maxillary gingiva and palate. PMID:24249959

  15. Fibrous proteins: At the crossroads of genetic engineering and biotechnological applications.

    PubMed

    Yigit, Sezin; Dinjaski, Nina; Kaplan, David L

    2016-05-01

    Fibrous proteins, such as silk, elastin and collagen are finding broad impact in biomaterial systems for a range of biomedical and industrial applications. Some of the key advantages of biosynthetic fibrous proteins compared to synthetic polymers include the tailorability of sequence, protein size, degradation pattern, and mechanical properties. Recombinant DNA production and precise control over genetic sequence of these proteins allows expansion and fine tuning of material properties to meet the needs for specific applications. We review current approaches in the design, cloning, and expression of fibrous proteins, with a focus on strategies utilized to meet the challenges of repetitive fibrous protein production. We discuss recent advances in understanding the fundamental basis of structure-function relationships and the designs that foster fibrous protein self-assembly towards predictable architectures and properties for a range of applications. We highlight the potential of functionalization through genetic engineering to design fibrous protein systems for biotechnological and biomedical applications.

  16. Intrarenal solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney report of a case with emphasis on the differential diagnosis in the wide spectrum of monomorphous spindle cell tumors of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Magro, Gaetano; Cavallaro, Vincenzo; Torrisi, Antonietta; Lopes, Maria; Dell'Albani, Marcello; Lanzafame, Salvatore

    2002-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a neoplasm that can occur in the urogenital tract, and is also reported occurring in the spermatic cord, seminal vesicles, urinary bladder, prostate, and kidney. Furthermore, it is most important to consider its existence in the kidney, because it is usually diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma pre-operatively. To our knowledge, only 10 cases of SFT have been reported in the kidney to date. We report the clinico-pathological features of an intrarenal SFT occurring in a 31-year-old woman. The tumor, measuring 8.6 cm in its greatest diameter, completely replaced the cortex and the medulla of the middle region of the right kidney, compressing the pelvis. Radiological imaging was consistent with a renal cell carcinoma. Histologically, the tumor was composed of a proliferation of bland-looking vimentin+, CD34+, bcl2+ and CD99+ spindle cells exhibiting a haphazard to storiform growth pattern, pushing borders, and a low mitotic rate (2 mitoses x 10 HPF). We placed emphasis on the differential diagnostic problems, i.e., its differentiation from other primary monomorphous benign and malignant spindle cell tumors of the kidney, such as fibroma, benign fibrous histiocytoma, hemangiopericytoma, inflammatory myofibroblastic (pseudo-)tumor, leiomyoma, angiomyolipoma with predominant spindle cell smooth muscle component, benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors, renal mixed epithelial/stromal tumors, adult type mesoblastic nephroma, fibrous type monophasic synovial sarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, fibrosarcoma, and low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma.

  17. Pleural malignancies including mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Hillerdal, G

    1995-07-01

    Malignant mesothelioma is caused almost exclusively by occupational exposure to asbestos. During the past few years, however, increasing evidence has mounted that background exposure to asbestos could be sufficient to cause mesothelioma. Treatment of malignant mesothelioma remains a big problem. Some new approaches are on their way, and the most exciting ones are local immunotherapy in very early cases. Some success has been reported with local interferon treatment. As for treatment of metastatic pleural disease, the main purpose is symptomatic relief of dyspnea caused by fluid accumulation. The best way to achieve a lasting palliation is pleurodesis, and the most common way to do this, is by chemical means. The drug of choice in the United States has for many years been tetracycline, but since injectable tetracycline is no longer available, some substitute must be found. The substance that will "win" is not yet clear, but the two leading contestants are talc and doxycycline. Bleomycin also has its supporters, and a dark horse is quinacrine, which although not easily available in the United States, has been used in many European centers for decades. PMID:9363074

  18. Malignant pleural mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Boutin, C; Schlesser, M; Frenay, C; Astoul, P

    1998-10-01

    The incidence of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has risen for some decades and is expected to peak between 2010 and 2020. Up to now, no single treatment has been proven to be effective and death usually occurs within about 12-17 months after diagnosis. Perhaps because of this poor prognosis, early screening has incited little interest. However, certain forms may have a better prognosis when diagnosed early and treated by multimodal therapy or intrapleural immunotherapy. Diagnosis depends foremost on histological analysis of samples obtained by thoracoscopy. This procedure allows the best staging of the pleural cavity with an attempt to detect visceral pleural involvement, which is one of the most important prognostic factors. Although radiotherapy seems necessary and is efficient in preventing the malignant seeding after diagnostic procedures in patients, there has been no randomized phase III study showing the superiority of any treatment compared with another. However, for the early-stage disease (stage I) a logical therapeutic approach seems to be neoadjuvant intrapleural treatment using cytokines. For more advanced disease (stages II and III) resectability should be discussed with the thoracic surgeons and a multimodal treatment combining surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy should be proposed for a randomized controlled study. Palliative treatment is indicated for stage IV. In any case, each patient should be enrolled in a clinical trial.

  19. Sphenoid mucocoele as a complication of fibrous dysplasia of the facial bones.

    PubMed

    De Smet, K; De Maeseneer, M; Yazdi, A Talebian; Buisseret, T; De Mey, J

    2012-01-01

    We report on a 28-year-old man with severe headache. Imaging studies included CT and MR. A large sphenoid mucocoele was demonstrated as well as findings compatible with fibrous dysplasia of the facial bones. Both disorders had been previously unknown. Imaging findings suggested that the sphenoid mucocoele was related to an obstruction caused by the expansile bone of fibrous dysplasia. These findings were confirmed surgically. Fibrous dysplasia with subsequent outflow obstruction is an extremely rare cause of sphenoid mucocoele development.

  20. Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Kidney: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Derrick, Edward; O'Dell, Matthew C; Vuyyuru, Swetha; Burt, Jeremy

    2016-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumors are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin that may occur virtually in any body part, most commonly arising from the pleura. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney is exceptionally rare, and limited clinical knowledge regarding its behavior makes prognosis of the neoplasm difficult. We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor of the left kidney and describe its clinical, imaging, and pathological features. PMID:27014524